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Full text of "Flora of Derbyshire: flowering plants, higher cryptogams, mosses and hepatics, Characeae"




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FLORA 



OF 



DERBYSHIRE : 

FLOWERING PLANTS, HIGHER CRYPTOGAMS, 
MOSSES AND HEPATICS, CHARACEiE. 



\\^iLLiAM Richardson Linton, 

Vicar of Shikley, Derbyshire. 



\cuc\< v^-(^-^ 



WITH TWO MAPS 

LIBRARY 
ISflEW YORK 
BOTANICAL 

OARDEN 

LONDON : 

Bemrose cfe Sons L.td., 4, Snoiv Hix,l. E.G., 
Or erom the Author, ShirijEY Vicarage, Derbyshire. 

1903. 

(A/Z rights reserved.') 



PREFACE. 



r I iHE project of producing a Flora of Derbyshire announced in 
the Journal of Botany in 1896, 46, is so far accomplished 
that it seems desirable at length to publish results, though, no 
doubt, further investigation will yield many more data of interest. 
The present work, accordingly, cannot be regarded as much more 
than a stage forward towards a complete account of the botany of 
the County. It is to be regretted that some departments, as 
Fungi, Lichens and Algse, owing to the lack of time and workers 
to investigate them, have had to be omitted from the present 
volume. During the ten years which have elapsed since the 
work was first entered upon, neai-ly every parish has been visited 
and searched, either by the author or by helpers co-operating 
with him. In the Flora the older records have, as a rule, been 
inserted, and are commonly placed after the later and more 
recent notices, thus, together with the mention of the first records, 
giving a historical aspect to the account of the County botany. 
It will be remarked that many entries of previous publications 
have been altered, and some omitted ; in most cases this is 
because they have been found to be erroneous, e.g., Mr. Water- 
fall repudiated many of the records attributed to him in CD., 
and supplied a fresh list, which supersedes his earlier contribu- 
tion. All the authorities employed in CD. have been carefully 
gone through, and corrections made where necessary, among them 



Sm. MSS., the entries from which, as well as from the other 
sources, are now, I believe, correct. 

The nomenclature and order of arrangement adopted for 
the Phanerogams follow for the most part those of the 9th 
edition of the London Catalogue, except that the Coniferce are 
placed after the Grasses ; for the Mosses the Handbook of Messrs. 
Dixon & Jameson has been employed, except that the Sphagna 
are arranged on the Warnstorfian system as interpreted by 
Mr. Horrell, and the Harpidioid Hypna according to Mr. 
Wheldon's article on them in the Naturalist for March, 1902, 
whilst for the Hepatics the excellent Monograph of Mr. Pearson 
has been followed. The Characece are placed last, as being most 
nearly allied to Algce. 

The author will be glad of, and grateful for, any notes of 
further botanical discoveries or matter interesting as bearing on 
the Flora of the County. 

Thanks are due to many helpers who have assisted in various 
ways in the production of the present work, especially Pro- 
fessor T. Barker, for help in the investigation of the Mosses; 
Professor J. W. Carr and Mr. T. Gibbs, for lists of plants and 
co-operation in field work ; Messrs. J. & H. Groves, for help with 
the GharacecB ; Mr. J. F. Hanbury and Rev. A. Ley, for help 
with Hieracia ; the latter also for list of Mosses and aid in 
field work ; Mr. G. A. Holt, list of Hepatics ; Rev. E. F. Linton, 
for much assistance in field work and determination of specimens ; 
Mr. S. M. Macvicar, for considerable assistance in the determina- 
tion of Hepatics ; Dr. H. R. Mill, for an instructive and valuable 
paper on the County rainfall ; Rev. W. M. Rogers, for much help 



with the Rubi ; Mr. F. Townsend, for determination of 
Euphrasicz: Mr. C. Waterfall, for list of plants and aid in 
compilation of the index. ; Mr. J. A. Wheldon, for determination 
of the Harpidioid Hypna The names of others who have helped 
are appended : — 

Mr. G. Appleby, Burton-on-Trent. 

Miss E. Armitage, Herefordshire. 

Mr. C. Bailey, Manchester. 

Mr. John Barrow, Manchester. 

Rev. R. Bindley, Mickleover. 

Rev. R. K. Bolton, Fenny Bentley, Derbyshire. 

Mr. E. Drabble, Chesterfield. 

Mr. L. E. Emmet, Sheffield. 

Miss A. A. Fenton, Bakewell. 

Rev. R. Feilden, Mugginton, Derby. 

Rev. H. Friend. 

Mrs. Foord-Kelsey, Quorn, Loughborough. 

Mr. W. J. Fordham, Sheffield. 

Rev. W. Fyldes, Hartington. 

Rev. R. W. Goodall, Lincoln. 

Mr. T. G. Hill. 

Mr. A. James, Shirley. 

Mr. C. B. Kingdon, Melton Mowbray. 

Mr. H. C. Levinge (the late). Knock Drin, MuUingar. 

Mr. A. E. Lomax (the late), Liverpool. 

Rev. R. P. Murray, Shapwick, Dorset. 

Mr. J. E. Nowers, Burton-on-Trent. 

Rev. W. H. Painter, Stirchley, Salop. 

Rev. W. H. and Miss A. B. Purchas, Alstonfield, Staffs. 



VI PREFACE. 

Miss M. Rogerson, Peak Forest. 

Misses C. R. and A. Sandford, Worcester. 

Mr. G. F. Scott-Elliot, Glasgow. 

Mr. M. B. Slater, Malton, Yorks. 

Mr. E. Snelgrove, Sheffield. 

Capt. A. Stewart (the late), Ventnor. 

Mr. J. E. Sunderland. 

Mr. J. G. Wells, Burton-on-Trent. 

Mr. J. Wilson, Stockport. 

Miss J. Wright, Yeldersley Hall, Derby. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

INTRODUCTION :— 1 

The County Rainfall ---.-.. i 

Climate and Species. — 5 

1. Climatic Zones - - - - - - - 5 

2. Times of Flowering . . - . . 7 

Soils and Species - - - - - - - - 10 

Summary, Watson's Types of Distribution, Rarities, 
Extinctions, Errors, Plants to be looked for, Plan 
OF Flora 20 

List of Publications and MSS. quoted in the Flora 28 

Abbreviations and Signs ...... 45 

THE FLORA:— 47 

Phanerogams -....-.. 47 

Cryptogams - - - - - -- - - 325 

Mosses - - - 337 

Hepatics .....-..- 422 

Chabace^ -.---.-.. 444 

Index - -....--. 446 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE COUNTY RAINFALL. 



HUGH ROBERT MILL, D.Sc, 

Director of the Britix/i Eai-nfall < h-ijanization. 

^r^HE rainfall of a district possessed of such varied configuration 
as Derbyshire cannot be easily ascertained, as eveiy valley 
and every spur of the higher ground jDresents a different slope 
and aspect to the rain-bringing wind, and so secures a different 
amount of precipitation of moisture. On this account records 
of rainfall, no matter how scrupulously they are kept, may. 
unless they are very numerous and carefully considered, give a 
misleading idea as to the total amount of rain which falls upon 
the County in the course of a year. It is necessary to con- 
sider not only the few very long records which exist in order 
to ascertain the true average rainfall at certain places, but also 
to examine all records, long or short, in order to find how, in 
any particular year, the amount of rainfall varies from place to 
place. Such a method of discussion would be impossible were 
it not for the fact that nearly all the observers of rainfall in 
the British Isles co-operate together so as to make their work 
available for the benefit of the community. From 1860 to 
1899 the late Mr. J. G. Symons, F.R.S., collected and published 
the work of the observers in his forty annual volumes of 
British Rainfall, and his old colleague, Mr. Sowerby Wallis, 
and I have continued to preserve the records, and to encourage 
amateur meteorologists to extend them. I look on it as a duty 
and a privilege to maintain the tradition of my predecessors, 
and to make these records as widely useful as possible. 



COUNTY RAINFALL. 



The fluctuations of rainfall in Derbyshire from year to year 
may be seen from Table I., which shews the figures for ten con- 
secutive years at several stations, representing the various degrees 
of raininess in the County. 

TABLE I. 

Annual Eainfall for the ten years, 1890-99. 



Station. 



Findern 


186 


Codnor 


372 


Chesterfield ... 


251 


Matlock 


459 


Woodhead Stn. 


878 



Altitude 
in feet. 



1890. 



20-15 
23-25 
23-27 
30-78 
43-53 



1891, 



30-01 
33-09 
29-76 
41-69 

56-88 



1892. 



21-32 
23-60 
25-44 
33-09 
47-22 



1893, 



1894 



19-24 20-86 
22-07|23-50 
21-69'25-01 

27-57|32-48 
42-69!51-25 



1895. 



22-30 
24-62 
24-83 
34-22 
44-13 



1896. 



19-96 
27-86 
23-03 
32-05 
50-45 



1897. 



25-36 
26-42 

25-68, 
35-44 



1898. 



18-59 
21-41 
20-85 
28-80 



47-6245-76 



1899 



21-22 
27-07 
26-81 
32-64 
41-92 



Ave B AGE. 
1890-99. 



21-90 ins. 

25-29 „ 

24-63 „ 

32-88 „ 

47-15 „ 



The average of successive periods of ten years is subject to 
much smaller variations than the rainfall of individual years, 
and the average for any thirty consecutive years is very nearly 
constant, and may be looked on as a true average for most 
pxirposes. Table II. gives a comparison of ten year and thirty 
year averages for three representative stations. 

TABLE II. 

Average Annual Rainfall for ten and for thirty year periods. 



Station. 


Altitude 
in feet. 


1860-9. 


1870-9. 


1880-9. 


1890-9. 


1870-99. 


Chesterfield 

Matlock Bath 

Chapel-en-le-Frith 


251 
500 
965 


26-93 
41-95 


30-54 
39-66 
42-56 


27-41 
36-62 
38-19 


24-63 
28-93 
37-28 


27-53 inches. 
35-07 „ 
39-34 „ 



From a consideration of all the available figures for long- 
pei-iod averages, we are able to arrive at the general distribution 
of rainfall. It must be remembered, however, that figures are 
not available for considerable areas in the north of the county, 
and consequently we cannot say with certainty where the wettest 
point is situated, although we have no doubt that it is not very 
far from the highest ground. We can, however, say definitely 
that the southern and eastern extremities of the county (south of 



COUNTY RAINFALL. 6 

Derby and east of Chesterfield at least) have an annual average 
rainfall of less than 30 inches, but more than 25, and that the 
amount of rain increases fairly regularly towards the north- 
west and north. It probably exceeds 35 inches everywhere 
north-west of a line drawn through Dronfield and Matlock, and 
does not probably fall short of 40 inches in any part of the 
County lying North-west of a line drawn from Buxton to near 
Sheffield. It is probable that average falls exceeding 50 inches 
in the year occur at several points in the high ground ; but it is 
unlikely that so great a rainfall as 60 inches is reached. 

The distribution of the rainfall thus sketched is arrived at 
solely from the consideration of the actual amounts measured at 
a number of stations, and it is found to shew a close relation- 
ship to the physical features of the land. The area within which 
the rainfall exceeds 40 inches contains all the highest land in the 
County ; and as the hills sink southward, eastward and westward 
to the Central Plain of England, the mean annual rainfall on 
their slopes diminishes steadily. Again, as might be expected 
from the fact that the prevailing rain-bearing winds come from 
the south-west, the western slopes are found, as an almost invari- 
able rule, to be wetter than the eastern. 

In this relation it is interesting to notice how all the rivers 
radiating from the southern extremity of the Pennine Heights 
derive their waters from a narrow region of high rainfall, and 
distribute them broadly over the plain. It is natural also that 
the ring of manufacturing towns on the New Red Sandstone 
plain encircling the hill country should derive their water supply 
from the unpeopled uplands which bring down the moisture borne 
by the winds from the Western Ocean. 

In conclusion, attention may be directed to the average distri- 
bution of rain throughout the months of an average year at two 
typical and contrasted stations, situated just beyond the county 
boundai'y in the south and in the north. 



COUNTY RAINFALL. 







TABLE III. 






Average Monthly Rainfall fob 


. the years 


1870-99. 






Burton-ou-Trent. Woodhead Reservoir. 








ins. 




ins. 


January 






2-11 




3-87 


February . . . 






1-64 




3-37 


March 






1-59 




3-63 


April 






1-85 




2-87 


May 






2-21 




316 


June 






2-67 




3-53 


July 






2-73 




4-18 


August 






2-90 




4-49 


September . . . 






2-62 




4-66 


October 






3-07 




5-71 


November . . . 






2-31 


... ... 


4-67 


December ... 


Year 




2-31 




4-71 


• 


28.01 


48.85 




Percentage 


OF Annual Fall. 














Woodhead 








Burton-on-Trent. 


Reservoir. 


Spring 


. March -May 




20-16 


19-76 


Summer .. 


. June 


■August 




29-64 


25-00 


Autumn . . 


, Sept. 


-Nov. 




28-56 


30-78 


Winter . . 


. Dec- 


Feb. 




21-64 


24-46 



Year 



100-00 



100-00 



At each Station the driest month is seen to occur in Spring 
(March or April), and the wettest in Autumn (October) ; but it 
will be noticed from the table of seasonal percentages that the 
Summer months are relatively wetter and the Winter months 
relatively drier in the comparatively dry region in the south 
than in the region of heavier rainfall to the north of the County. 
This is probably due to the greater proportional effect of violent 
thunderstorm rains in Summer in the district of comparatively 
low rainfall. 



CLIMATE AND SPECIES. 



1.— CLIMATIC ZONES.— There are various conditions or 
factors, the combination and interaction of which go to the 
production of climate in any region — heat and cold, or the I'ange 
of temperature ; humidity and rainfall ; the winds, according to 
their prevailing direction ; the nature of the surface, whether 
fiat, irregular or hilly, rocky or otherwise ; the presence or absence 
of trees; latitude, longitude, and altitude. On these the climate 
depends, and, consequently, the kinds cf plants which are found 
in a given area, and their distribution. Mr. Watson has repre- 
sented in his Compendium of the " Cybele Britannica '' the 
combined effect of some of the above conditions in his scheme 
of regions and zones, which may be briefly expounded as 
follows : — By taking the upper limit of gi-ain crops as the median 
line we get a bisectional division for Great Britain ; the upper 
designated the Arctic region, the lower the Agi-arian. Each 
region is on the same principle divided into three zones, the 
infer- mid- and super-arctic and the infer- mid- and super-agi'arian, 
one zone being distinguished from its neighbour by certain 
plants which are characteristic of it, and which disappear in 
ascending to the zone above. As we go northward plants descend 
to a lower altitude, till on the north coast of Scotland alpine 
plants may be found almost at sea-level ; in other words, lati- 
tude may be said to have a depressing effect on the zones going 
north, and conversely an elevating effect on those going south. 
The contrast is especially marked in Derbyshire owing to the 
fact that the southern portions of it lie at a low level, and the 
northern reach a decidedly high elevation. No better scheme 
than Mr. Watson's has been put forth, nor more useful in 
determining the relation of the flora to the physical character 



CLIMATE AND SPECIES. 



of any area. It should be added that in two or three points 
this theory has received elucidation in recent publications, viz., 
Mr. Baker's '" Flora of the Lake District," pages 3 to 6, and in 
an interesting paper by Mr. S. M. Macvicar in " Journal of 
Botany," 1898, 82 sqq. It is there pointed out that the real 
determining factor in the distinguishing of zones is temperature, 
and further that the influence of temperature is itself modified 
by that of the surface conditions ; that is, by the jDresence or 
otherwise of suitable stations. Thus in some cases boreal species 
are found ascending higher than their normal zone when there 
are suitable rocks or soil, and in others not reaching their usual 
elevation, for want of the same. 

In Derbyshire we have three zones exemplified, the two 
upper zones of the Agrarian, and the lowest zone of the Arctic 
region. The lowest zone of the Agrarian is not, I consider, 
admissible within our boundai'ies, for although Mr. Watson lays 
down the Trent as the northern limit of this zone, yet of the 
three species occurring which belong to it alone, Ruhia has 
evidently ascended above its normal elevation, Clematis is very 
doubtfully indigenous, and CEnanthe fluviatilis is scarcely a test 
plant of a zone. Beginning, then, with our lowest — the mid- 
agrarian zone — of which the characteristic species are Rhamnus 
catharticus and Cor mis sanguinea, it may be subdivided with us 
into two ; first a lowei', milder, warmer area south and east of 
Derby, and from Burton along the course of the Trent, ranging 
from about 90 feet to 250 feet, in which the following plants 
reach their upper limit: — Diplofaxis muralis, Geranium pusillum, 
Vicia lathyroides, Bryonia dioica, CEnanthe fluviatilis, Dipsacus 
silvestris, Filago minima, Hottonia palustris, Utricularia 
vulgaris, Polygonum minus, Rumex maritim,us and R. pulcher, 
Calamagrostris lanceolata, Festuca Myurus; and second a higher 
area, comprising the valleys and hillsides from 250 feet to 
1,050 feet in the central and south-western part of the County, 
with Euonymiix europfrjift, Rhamnus catharticus, Acer campestre,- 
Convolvulus sepiinn, Tamus communis as characteristic species, 
which reach their limit here. 



CLIMATE AND SPECIES. 7 

Our next zone in the ascending scale is the Super-agrarian, 
where Rhainnus and Cornus disappear and Pteris and cultivation 
reach their limit. The zone includes the higher levels from 
about 1,100 feet in the central part of the County and 900 feet 
in the Peak, to about 1,800 feet. Characteristic plants are 
Ilex aquifolium, reaching to 1,700 feet; Crateagus oxyacan'tha, 
1,350 feet; Ruhus fruticosus, 1,150 feet; Lonicera periclymenum, 
900 feet; Fraxinus excelsior, 1,350 feet; Digitalis, nearly to the 
limit; Quercus rohur, 1,200 feet. Of alpine plants Draha incana 
is found as low as 800 feet, Arctostaphylos Uva-vrsi at 1,250 feet, 
Pteris reaches 1,650 feet on Axe Edge, and nearly the same level 
on the moorland above Glossop, whilst at Grinah Stones it 
ascends to 1,800 feet, and near it Ruhus chamaworus descends 
to 1,600 feet. 

Our next and highest zone is the Infer-arctic, where Pteris 
disappears and Erica tetralix reaches its limit. This embraces 
the high moorland above the 1,800 feet level, the highest points 
being Bleaklow Stones, 2,060 feet; Kindei^scout, 2,031 feet; 
Crowden Head, 2,070 feet ; a point near it marked 2,088 feet 
on the Ordnance map; Kinderlow, 2,077 feet; to which may be 
added Axe Edge, 1,810 feet, the source of the Dove and the 
Wye. Characteristic species are Ruhus chammiiorus, abundant 
south of Bleaklow Hill, and about the sources of the Derwent, 
where, with tussocks of Festuca ovina, it covers the ground to the 
exclusion of other plants; Pyriis aucuparia ; Vaccinium Vitis- 
idcea ; V. oxycoccos ; Arctostaphylos iiva-ursi ; Andromeda 
polifolia ; Calluna vulgaris: Empetrum nigrum, very plentiful 
with Vacciniuni Myrtillns on Bleaklow Hill ; Listera cordata ; 
H ahenaria alhida ; Jnncus squarrosus. 

2. — TIMES OF FLOWERING.— Climate exercises consider- 
able influence on the flowering time of plants; the flora of 
Derbyshire, as a whole, maturing later than in counties lying to 
the south of it, whilst within the County the wide altitudinal 
range causes the flowering time to vary as much even as two 
or three weeks in different parts. For example, Stellaria 
Holostea, which in the plain is out of flower by mid June, was 



CLIMATE AND SPECIES. 



found in full flower above Froggatt at 1,100 feet on July 28th. 
This is naturally all the more exemplified in species possessing 
the greatest range, such, for instance, as Montia, Linuin catharti- 
cum, Angelica, Vaccinium MyrtUlus, Lysimachia nemorum, and 
Teucriiim Sior(><Io)U(i. I'irris liier<Jcioi(les (900 feet) and Krythrcca 
Centaurium (800 feet) were seen in full flower in September, and 
at the same time Volvulus S'epiuoi (1,200 feet) had only its first 
flowers out. (geranium />(/.y///w7«, on the Staffordsire side of 
Dovedale, at the unusual elevation of 900 feet, was in full 
flower in mid-September. These few examples, which could be 
greatly multiplied, may suffice to illustrate what is true, more 
or less, of the whole flora. As, further, the period of flowering 
varies widely in different seasons, the time assigned to each 
species cannot be more than approximate. It is, in every case, 
to be understood as embracing both the earlier or lowland and 
the later or upland time of flowering. 

Whilst on this subject, it may be well to add a few remarks 
of a general nature on the flowering times of plants. The high 
tide of flowering is reached in the summer, and the lowest point 
coincides with the coldest part of the year. An attempt is here 
made to classify the flowering periods of our flora, and to some 
extent make out their causes. If we take the two halves of the 
civil year, we may make two corresponding groups of plants — an 
earlier one of spring flowerers, and a later one of summer 
flowerers. Besides these two main groups we may find one smaller, 
intermediate and fairly distinguishable group, whose flowering 
period falls within the two midsummer months of June and 
July, and, finally, a much smaller group, whose flowering time 
extends over both spring and summer, and even over the greater 
part of the year. Restricting our classification to the indigenous 
and long-established species, and excluding aliens, casuals, and a 
few others, viz., some Bafrachian Ranunculi forms, Ruhi, &c., 
the result of the analysis is, for Derbyshire, as follows: — 
Spring flowerers ... ... ... 190 

Summer flowerers ... ... 410 

Midsummer flowerers ... ... 126 

Spring and Summer flowerers ... 62 



CLIMATE AND SPECIES. 9 

The spring flowering grovip includes all those species which 
possess the habit of storing up nutriment beforehand, by which 
they are able to make an early start in the following season, of 
which may be mentioned as instances, Anemone, Ficaria, Brassica. 
Tussilago, Arum, bulbs, tuberous plants as Orchids, and most 
trees and shnibs, and several wind fertilized plants, such as 
Thalictrum, Poterium, Mercurialis, Salic, Carices, Gramina. The 
summer flowering group, it will be obsei'ved, outnumber all the 
rest put together. It might be expected that in the warmer 
part of the year the greatest number would reach maturity, but. 
physically, it is the lack of stored nutriment and the vegetative 
work, which has in consequence to be got through in order to 
supply it, which delays their flowering till spring is over. The 
ability of the fourth group to prolong their flowering period may 
be due to their greater vital force and hardihood ; they are 
mostly spring and summer flowerers, and only a very few include 
any part of winter or autumn in their period. 



10 



SOILS AND SPECIES. 



BOTANICAL DIVISIONS. 



r I "IHE botanical divisions are based upon the surface geology 
of tlie County so far as practicable, and are arranged in 
order of formations, beginning with the oldest and designated by 
letters indicative of the main formation. Wherever, besides the 
proper formation of a division, parts of other formations are 
included in it, this will be pointed out under that division. It 
seems unnecessaiy to describe the boundaries of the divisions, as 
they will be sufficiently indicated in the map. 

L.— MOUNTAIN LIMESTONE.— This, the oldest geologi- 
cally, occupies the west central part of the County. It is 
interpolated here and there with sheets of contemporaneous 
lava (toadstone), though in some cases the toadstone is a later 
intrusion, as near Peak Forest and Tideswell. It has three 
small outliers — at Ashover and Crich eastwards, and at Snelston 
Common southwards, besides another south of the Trent at 
Ticknall and Calke. By the action of water, deep ravines or 
caiions have been carved out on its west, north and east borders, 
the well-known dales, where the characteristic flora mostly 
abounds. The main plateau rises here and there into rounded 
hills, the dales present tiers of wall-like cliffs along their sides. 
Two small beds of glacial deposit overlie part of the area on the 
east side of Mappleton, and from Ashbourne to Ashbourne 
Green. The mountain limestone is succeeded on all sides by the 
Yoredale Rocks, well seen at Mam Tor above Castleton, some of 
them on the south border beins; included in this division. 



SOILS AND SPECIES. 11 

The following is a list of plants characteristic of a limestone 
soil, those peculiar to it being marked with an asterisk : — 

*Thalictrum minus L. 

Helleborus viridis L. 

Arabis hirsuta Scop. 
*Cardamine impatiens L. (Occasionally carried into other 

districts along the banks of streams.) 
*Draba muralis L. 
*Draba incana L. 
*Cochlearia alpina H. C. Wats. 
*Thlaspi alpestre L. 
^Ilutchinsia petraea R. Br. 

Helianthemum vulgare tTOPrtn. 

Viola hirta L. 
*Silene nutans L. 

Arenaria verna L. 
*A. teuuifolia L. 

Hypericum Androsaemum L. 
*H. montanum L. 
^Geranium sanguineum L. 

G. columbinum L. 

G. lucidum L. 
^Hippoci'epis comosa L. 

Spiraea filipendula L. 
*Potentilla verna L. 

Poterium sanguisorba L. 

Rosa spinosissima L. 

Pyrus rupicola Syme. 
*Saxifraga hirta Haw. 
*S. hypnoides L. 

Ribes alpinum L. 

Sedum Telephium L. 
*Galium silvestre Poll. 
*Valerianella carinata Loisd. 

Scabiosa columbaria L. 

Erigeron acre L. 



12 SOILS AND SPECIES. 

Inula conyza DC 

Carlina vulgaris L. 

Cnicus eriophorus H off in. 

C. acaulis H off in. 
*Hieracium lasiophyllum Koch. var. plaiiifolium F. J. Hanh. 
*H. britannicum F. -J. Hanh. 
*H. rivale F. .J. Hanh. v. subliirtum F. .J . H. 
*H. rubigiuosum F. J. Hanh. 
*H. holophyllum W. R. L. 
*H. cymbifolium Purchas. 
*H. vulgatum Fr. v. glaucoviiens Dahlst. 
*H. prenanthoides ViU. 

Campanula Trachelium L. 

C. glomerata L. 
*Pyrola minor L. 

Hypopithys multiflora Scop. 

Blackstonia perfoliata Hitds. 

Gentiana Amarella L. 
*Polemonium coeruleum L. (Occasionally carried oflf lime- 
stone along streams.) 

Lithospermum officinale L. 

Cynoglossum officinale L. 

Plantago media L. 

Origanum vulgare L. 

Thymus serpyllum L. 

Nepeta Cataria L. 
*Daphne mezereum L. 
*Juniperus communis L. 

Taxus baccata L. 
*Epipactis atrorubens Hoffni. 

Orchis ustulata L. 

O. pyramidalis L. 

Ophrys apifera Huds. 
O. muscifera Huds. 
Habenaria conopsea Benth. 

*Polygonatum officinale All. 



' SOILS AND SPECIES. 13 

Convallaria majalis L. 
*Scirpus Caricis Retz. 
*Carex digitata L. 
*C. ornithopoda Willd. 
Avena pratensis L. 
Koeleria cristata Pers. 
Melica nutans L. 
Bromus erectus Huds. 
Brachypodium pinnatum Beauv. 
*Asplenium viride Huds. 

Ceteracli officinarum Willd. 
*Phegopteris calcarea Fee. 
The Yoredale Rocks comprise two groups — soft black earthy 
shales with thin layers of limestone interspersed, and lighter 
coloured harder shales with layers of sandstone. The former, 
which are the older, are found immediately adjoining the lime- 
stone, and in the valleys along the course of streams, e.g., the 
Noe, the upper part of the Dove, Nun's Brook near Buxton, the 
Wye between Bakewell and the Derwent, the Henmoor Brook, 
and at Ticknall and Calke Abbey in the south. The latter, 
which are more recent, occur at higher levels, as in the Edale 
Valley up to the summit of Mam Tor. Being impervious to 
water, the shales, especially the lower group, tend to produce a 
wet marshy surface with coarse gi'ass rushes and bog plants as 
characteristic vegetation. 

G.— MILLSTONE GRIT.— Lying over the limestone shales 
on the east and north is the Millstone Grit, consisting mostly of 
massive coarse, hard sandstones, of which there are four or five 
beds,^ their outci'op running generally north and south. The 
shales on which they rest have worn away to a lai'ge extent, 
producing valleys lying along the outcrop, topped by continuous 
and lofty escarpments of grit on their eastern side. The grit 
constitutes a considerable part of the extensive and high table- 
land of the Peak, and also of Axe Edge, extending southwards 

1 For an account of these see Dale's " Scenery and Geology of the Peak 
of Derbyshh-e," pp. 61-64. 



14 SOILS AND SPECIES. 

on both sides of the Derwent Valley, but gradually narrowing to 
Little Eaton, a few miles north of Derby. South of the Trent 
the grit crops up in a small area about Stanton and Melbourne, 
between Ticknall and Repton Rocks, and around Calke. For 
convenience sake the grit surface is divided into two by a line 
from Ringinglow down the old road, passing south of Hather- 
sage, and thence direct to Brough, where it joins the limestone 
boundary. The district north of this is designated Gl, that 
south, as far as Little Eaton, G2. The northern division, it 
must be admitted, includes a considerable extent of other forma- 
tions than grit, viz., the Yoredale rocks already mentioned, which 
surround the central grit, and also occupy a triangular area 
south of Buxton from east of Axe Edge to near Glutton ; and 
a stretch of lower coal measures reaching from Fernilee to the 
north boundary of the County, which enclose a small extent of 
grit between New Mills and Mellor. 

The southern division, too, contains other formations in the 
shape of the Yoredale rocks above mentioned between the grit 
and the limestone on the west, and further south between 
Wirksworth and Little Eaton, and the two small outliers of lime- 
stone at Ashover and Crich, the former surrounded by a small 
area of Yoredale rocks. A list of plants characteristic of the grit 
is here appended, those peculiar to it being marked with an 
asterisk : — 

Ranunculus Lenormandi Scliultz. 

Genista anglica L. 
*Rubus chamaemorus L. 

Potentilla comarum Nestl. 

Drosera rotundifolia L. 
*Vaccinium Vitis-idsea L. 
*V. oxycoccos L. 
*Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Sprtng. 
*Andromeda polifolia L. 

Myosotis repens B. Bon. 

Empetrum nigrum Z. 



SOILS AND SPECIES. 15 

*Listera cordata R. Br. 
*Habenaria albida R. Br. 

Narthecium ossifragum Huds. 

Jiincus squarrosus L. 

Potamogeton polygonifolius Fuurr. 

Elocharis multicaulis Sm. 

Eriophorum polystachyon L. 

Carex dioica L. 

C. pulicaris L. 

C. echinata Murr. 

C. curta Good. 

C. fulva Good. 

Molinia coerulea Good. 

Nardus stricta L. 
*LycopodiuiTi inundatum L. 
*L. alpinum L. 
*Selaginella selaginoides Gray. 

C— COAL MEASURES.— The grit is succeeded eastwards by 
the coal measures. The lower beds form a strip of varying width 
on the west of the true coal measui'es. They consist of varied 
sandstones, shales, fireclays, and a few thin coal seams, and above 
them on the east we reach the middle and upper coal measures 
extending to the County boundary, and to a line drawn north 
and south by Bolsover, and southward to a line south of Stanley, 
Dale, Stanton, and just above Sandiacre. In addition to this 
east cential coal region there are some patches of lower coal 
measures west of the Peak, one close to the County boundary 
west of Hayfield, a second extending from Ottersett Moor to 
Femilee, and a very small piece at the top of Goyt's Clough. 
There is also a small area of coal measures south of the Ti'ent, 
being an extension of the Leicestershire coalfield, and which 
runs up here to Chui'ch Gresley, Swadlincote, Newhall, and 
Hartshorn, between Southwood and Scaddows near Calke, and 
a small patch between Ingleby and Robin Wood. 

As regards the flora, the coal measures are not especially 
interesting. They can scarcely be said to possess a distinctive 



16 SOILS AND SPECIES. 

flora, though there are several species which are noticeable for 
their prevalence on them. A few plants have been found only 
in this division, viz., Rubus 2^a.Ihdus Weihe, E. Marshalli Rogers, 
Senecio viscosus L., Aloijecurus fulvus Sm. Plants markedly 
abundant on this formation are Tanacetmn, Tussilago, Hieracium 
horeale, and owing apparently to the cold soil there are fewer 
species to be found in this division than in others, but many 
individual plants. 

P. — PERMIAN. — Beyond the northern part of the coal- 
measures eastward rises the Permian formation (Red Sandstone 
and Magnesian Limestone), which occupies a more or less oblong 
tract of the County from Ault Hucknall and Pleasley on the 
south by Bolsover and Barlborough northward, being a westward 
extension of the Permian system of Yorkshire and Nottingham- 
shire. The red sandstone occupies a very narrow strip between 
the coal measures and the magnesian limestone from Barlborough 
by the west of Bolsover to the "south border. The magnesian 
limestone lies at a lower elevation than the cognate mountain 
limestone, and like that formation has dales on its borders, viz., 
three — Markland Grips, Cresswell Crags, and Pleasley Park, 
where we have the wall-like lines of rock with characteristic 
flora. But there are sufficient differences in the species it 
supports to give its flora a distinctive character, as will be seen 
from the accompanying list : — 

Helleborus viridis L. 
Arabis hirsuta R. Br. 
Helianthemum Chamsecistus Mill . 
Viola hirta L. 

Galium Mollugo L. (Abundant here, rare everywhere else.) 
Erigeron acre L. 
Inula conyza D( '. 
Cnicus acaulis Hoffm. 
Campanula Trachelium L. 
*Galeopsis Ladanum L. 
Taxus baccata L. 



SOILS AND SPECIES. 17 

*Epipactis palustris Sw. (Only here, though old records 
exist for its occurrence elsewhere.) 

Orchis pyramidalis L. 

Ophrys muscifera Ruds. 

Eriophorum latifolium Hoppe. 
*Carex montana L. 

Avena pratensis L. 

Koeleria cristata Pers. 

Bromus erectus Huds. 

Brachypodium pinnatum Beauv. (Abundant, rare else- 
where.) 
*Tolypella glomerata Leonh. 

T. — TRIAS. — New Red Sandstone. — This, the last in the 
series, separated from the Permian by a long interval of time, 
occupies the south of the County with the exception of such 
outliers and patches of other strata occurring here and there, as 
have been already mentioned. There are two main beds — the 
Bunter yellow or red sandstone, with quartzose pebbles frequently 
conglomerate, which is found in strips and patches in the follow- 
ing localities : — at Mappleton and Sandybrook, between Ash- 
bourne and Mugginton, between Edlaston and Brailsford, from 
Morley to Breadsall, at Sandiacre, on the south side of the Ti-ent 
between Foremark and Repton Rocks, rising just north of 
Eoremark into vertical cliffs known as Anchor Church, from 
Repton to Bretby Park, and in a strip north-west from Linton ; 
and the Keuper red marls and waterstones (Lower Keuper) 
which occupy the remainder of the area. The latter (the Water- 
stones) usually border the Keuper Marl, occurring in fair-sized 
tracts from Mayfield to Yeldersley, about Norbury, Snelston, and 
Stydd, between Shirley and Ednaston, and below Brailsford, 
on a strip on which Kirk Langley is situated, in a small oblong 
piece at AUestree, by Sandiacre, at Weston Cliff, and in several 
places south of the Trent, as on the north-east of Cauldwell, 
about Smisby, north and south by Melbourne, around Repton 
and Winshill, and north-east of Newton Solney. 
c 



18 SOILS AND SPECIES. 

In the neiglibourhoocl of Ashbourne the Keuper is overlaid 
with some extensive glacial deposits. These, which in some parts 
are as much as 50 feet in depth, occur between Yeldersley and 
Bradley on the east, and Ashbourne and Clifton on the west, 
and over a tract north and south between Alkmonton and above 
Edlaston. There are found here and there deposits of gravel, 
beds of micaceous gritstone, tile clay, and gypsum. There is a 
small patch of Yoredale rocks at Wild Park, Brailsford, and 
north-west of Mackworth Church. 

The broken character of the surface, geologically, is largely 
caused by the numerous faults which occur, rendering the assign- 
ment of districts to Bunter and Keuper respectively impracticable, 
and the threefold division adopted is consequently somewhat 
artificial. Still, from a climatic point of view, the area designated 
TI., viz., all west of a line drawn from Derby southward to 
Swarkeston, with the exception of the villages Swarkeston, 
Barrow, Twyford, Willington, and Egginton, lies at a higher 
average elevation, and is colder than the other two divisions, 
and is marked by the absence (except on its eastern borders) of 
such plants as Bryonia, Dlpsacua silvestris, HoUonia, Festuca 
Myurus. 

The division designated T2, and a decidedly warmer one than 
the last, being the area east of Derby and north of the Trent, 
reaches the lowest level 80-90 feet by the Trent near Long Eaton, 
rising to 412 feet above Locko Park. Its surface is in part 
alluvial, a broad tract south of Derby containing the ancient and 
present beds of the Derwent, and a strip on the north bank of 
the Trent from Shardlow to the County boundary. Of charac- 
teristic plants, owing to the restricted area, Samolus, Flantago 
Coronojiiis, Potamogeton flaheUatus, alone occur. 

The remaining division, T3, viz., all south of the Trent, with 
Egginton Village, Willington, Twyford, Barrow, and Swarkeston, 
whilst mainly Trias, is, geologically, somewhat of a jumble, 
containing samples of every one of the formations hitherto 
noticed. Mountain limestone, Yoredale, grit, coal measures, 
Permian, Bunter, Keuper, are all represented. The Permian is 



SOILS AND SPECIES. 19 

less than appears from the survey. In the Quarterly Journal 
of the Geological Society for February, 1889, Mr. H. T. Brown 
has shewn that the area including Knowl Hill and Coppy Hill is 
not Permian, but consists of Lower Keuper overlying Bunter. 
He has also shewn that the Bunter extends eastwards as far as 
Ticknall Church instead of being a quarter of a mile to the west, 
as coloured in the survey. The whole of his paper is most 
interesting and instructive, as bearing on the geological features 
of this district. The Red Sandstone (Permian) is found in a 
narrow forked strip which runs up between Bretby Park and 
Repton Shrubs. The altitude of T3 ranges from 120 feet along 
the Trent to 604 feet just south of Pistern Hill. 

Appended is a list of those plants which prefer sandy habitats, 
and are chiefly found on the Bunter f onnation : — 

Papaver Argemone L. 

Corydalis claviculata BG . 

Senebiera coronopus Poir. 

Lepidium campestre R. Br. 

Silene noctiflora L. 

Cerastium arvense L. 

Spergularia rubra Ptrs. {Buda Dum.) 

Silaus pratensis Besser. 

Dipsacus silvestris L. 

Filago germanica L. 

Senecio silvaticus L. 

Specularia hybrida DC. 

Anchusa arvensis Bieh. 

Plantago coronopus L. 

Alisma ranunculoides L. 

Eleocharis acicularis Sm. 

Festuca Myurus L. 

F. sciuroides Roth. 

Hordeum murinum L. 



20 



SUMMAKY. 



WATSON S TYPES. 



SUMMARY.— WATSON'S TYPES OF DISTRIBUTION. 

—RARITIES.— EXTINCTIONS.— ERRORS.- PLANTS TO 

BE LOOKED FOR— PLAN OF FLORA. 



npHE total number of flowering plants in the County amounts 
-*- to 1,001 species, representing 187 genera and 41 orders. 
Of the above number of plants 878 come under the headings of 
natives, colonists, and denizens, 74 of the remainder being aliens 
and 49 casuals. To these must be added 23 Filices, 5 Equise.ia, 
5 Lycopodiacece, making, with the Phanerogams a grand total of 
1,034. 

Mr. Watson's Types of Distribution are six in number, 
viz. : — 

B. — British — widely spread through south, mid., and north 

Britain. 
E. — English — chiefly seen in south or south-middle Britain. 
S. — Scottish — chiefly seen in north or north-mid. Britain. 
I. — Intermediate — chiefly seen in mid. Britain. 
• H. — Highland — ^chiefly seen about the mountains. 
G. — Germanic — chiefly seen in east England. 
A. — Atlantic — chiefly seen in west England. 
L. — Local — restricted to single or few provinces. 

There are a large number which do not come under one only 
of the above heads, which are accordingly indicated by two 
letters combined. 

The accompanying table shews the constitution by types of 
the Derbyshire Flora : - — ■ 

375 
99 



British 

Brit.-Eng. 

Brit. -Scot. 

Brit.-Int. 

Brit.-High. 

Brit.-Ger. 

Brit.-Atl. 



11 



— 494 



WATSON S TYPES. 



21 



English 


165 




Eng.-Brit. 


62 




Eng.-Int. 


5 




Eiig.-Ger. 


36 




Eng.-Atl. 


1 




Eng.-Loc. 


3 


272 


Scottisli 


12 




Scot.-Brit. 


7 




Scot.-Int. 


4 




Scot.-High 


8 


31 


Intermediate ... 


9 




Int.-Brit. 


1 




Int.-Eug. 


1 




Int. -Scot. 


1 




Int. -High. 


1 




Int.-Loc. 


2 


15 


Highland 


8 




High.-Scot 


1 




High.-Int. 


1 


10 


Germanic 


7 




Ger.-Brit. 


2 




Ger.-Eng. 


15 




Ger.-Loc. 


1 


25 


Atlantic 


3 




Atl.-Brit. 


2 




Atl.-Eng. 


5 




Atl.-Int. 


1 


11 


Local 


1 




Loc.-Ger. 


1 








2 




849 



22 watson's types. 

The fifteen Intermediate are: — 

I. Cardamins impatiens. 

I. Ribes Grossularia. 

I. Ribes alpinum. 

I. Ribes rubrum. 

I. Ribes nigrum. 

I. Myrrhis odorata. 

I. Polemonium coeruleum. 

I. Epipactis atrorubens. 

I. Crocus nudiflorus. 

IB. Gagea lutea. 

IE. Poterium officinale. 

IS. Andromeda polifolia. 

IH. Galium silvestre. 

IL. Draba niuralis. 

IL. Hutchinsia petraea. 

Tlie ten Highland species are : — 

H. Draba incana. 

H. Rubus cham?emorus. 

H. Hieracium prenanthoides. 

H. Hieracium strictum. 

H. Arctostapliylos Uva-ursi. 

H. Asplenium viride. 

H. Lycopodium alpinum. 

H. Selaginella selaginoides. 

HS. Vaccinium vitis-idsea. 

HI. Thlaspi alpestre. 

The twenty-five Germanic are : — 
G. Adonis autumnalis. 
G. Iberis amara. 
G. Hippuris vulgaris. 
G. Crepis taraxacifolia. 
G. Crepis biennis. 
G. Lactuca virosa. 
G. Salvia pratensis. 
GE. Myosurus minimus. 



Watson's iypes. 23 

GE. Caucalis daucoides. 

GE. Galium erectum. 

GE. Galium tricorne. 

GE. Campanula glomerata. 

GE. Speciilaria hybrida. 

GE. Monotropa hypopithys. 

GE. Limosella aquatica. 

GE. Chenopodium vulvaria. 

GE. Orchis pyramidalis. 

GE. Orchis ustulata. 

GE. Allium oleraceum. 

GE. Bromus erectus. 

GE. Brachypodium pinnatum. 

GE. Hordeum silvaticum. 

GB. Senecio viscosus. 

GB. Couvallaria majalis. 

GL. Carum Bulbocastanum. 
The eleven Atlantic species are : — 

A. Rubia peregrina. 

A. Wahlenbergia hederacea. 

A. Melittis melissophyllum. 

AB. Hypericum Androsaemum. 

AB. Sedum anglicum. 

AE. Coronopus didymus. 

AE. Hypericum elodes. 

AE. Linum angustifolium. 

AE. Cotyledon umbilicus. 

AE. Verbascum virgatum. 

AI. Aconitum Napellus. 
The two local species are : — 

L. Impatiens parviflora. 

LG. Lathynis hirsutus. 
In addition to the foregoing there are seventy-two species 
which do not appear in Mr. Watson's analysis, and which I have 
ventured to assign to the types to which they appear to belong. 
In the Flora the indicating letters in their case are printed in 
italics. The annexed table gives their arrangement : — 



24 



WATSON S TYPES. 



British 

Brit.-Eng. 
Brit.-Atl. 

English 

Eng.-Brit. 

Eng.-Atl. 

Eng.-Loc. 

Scottish 

Scot.-Brit. 
Scot.-High. 



11 

1 

3 
— 15 

24 
10 

6 

1 



41 



Intennediate .. 
Int.-Loc. .. 

Highland 

High.-Scot. 

Atlantic 

Atl.-Eng. 

Local 



72 
Several species are very rare in Derbyshire, and in many 
cases more so than their occurrence in the five surrounding 
counties — Chester, Leicester, Notts., Staffs., and W. Yorkshire — 
would lead one to expect. This is represented in the table sub- 
joined : — 

Chester. Leicester. Notts. 

Erophila inflata 

Teesdalia x x x 

Cerastium quaternellum x x x 

Hyp. Androsaemum x x 



Staffs. 


W. Yorks 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 





KARITIES. 


EXTINCTIONS. 




ii5 




Chester. 


Leicester. 


Notts. 


staffs. 


W. Yorks. 


H. elodes 


X 


? 




X 


X 


Trigonella 


X 










Trif. subterraneum 


X 


X 


X 






Oen. crocata 


X 






X 


X 


Gal. erectum 


... 


? 


X 


? 




Samolus 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Gent, uliginosa 






... 






Scroph. umbrosa 


... 


... 


... 


X 




Orob. minor 


... 


X 


... 


... 




Utric. vulgaris 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Calam. parviflora 


... 


X 


X 


... 




Gal. Ladanum 


... 










Rumex pulcher 


... 




X 


X 




Salix repens 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Junip. communis 


... 




X 






Habenar. albida 


X 








X 


Polygonat. officinale 












Juncu8 compressus 




X 


X 


X 


X 


Alism. ranunculoides 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Scirp, pauciflorus 


X 


X 




X 


X 


S. Tabernjemontani 


X 






X 


X 


Eriopli. latifolium 


? 


? 


X 




X 


Carex digitata 






X 




X 


C. montana 












Alopec. fulvus 


X 


X 




X 


X 


Calmagr. epigeios 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


C. lanceolata 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Festuca Myurus 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Selag, selaginoides 


X 








X 


Tolyp. glomerata 













Some plants, happily not a large number, have, it is to be 
feared, become extinct ; at least they are not known in their 
old habitats, owing to enclosures, drainage, etc. And some, 
perhaps, though recorded, never really existed in the County, 
the recording of'them being due to error or confusion with other 



2G 



PLANTS TO BE LOOKED FOR. 



species. Thus Geranium siJvaticum, though occurring in Stafford- 
shire and West Yorkshire, and recorded in Top. Bot. for 
Derbyshire, may possibly be a case of confusion with G. prafense ; 
Sarifraga aizoides and Bronera Jongifolia, if not errors, seem now 
extinct ; Filago gallica appears to have been confused with 
F. minima; Gentiana Pneumonanthe is most probably extinct; 
Mentha Pulegium, once found in several localities, seems to have 
died out in all; JRumer maritimus is not now to be found in its 
old habitat at Swarkeston, where Ray recorded it ; Cephalanthera 
jxdlens, recorded in Pilkington (Newton Wood) and Top. Bot., 
1883, is not now to be found; Osmunda regaJis, in the only 
locality where it occixrs at the present time, is an introduced 
plant. 

There are still some few plants which seem worth mentioning 
as likely to occur in the County, seeing that they occur in one or 
more of the surrounding five, but which have not as yet been 
discovered, and therefore should be looked for: — 



Chester. 


Leicester. 


Notts. 


staffs. 


W. Yorks 


Lepidium liirtum 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Sagina subulata 


X 






X 


X 


Radiola linoides 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Rosa stylosa 


X 




... 




X 


Drosera intermedia 


X 




X 


X 


X 


Trientalis europaea 










X 


Centunculus minimus 


X 




... 


X 


X 


Utricularia neglecta 


X 






X 




U. minor 


X 






X 


X 


Mercurialis annua 


X 




X 




X 


Myrica Gale 


X 




X 


X 


X 


Fritillaria Meleagris 








X 


X 


Hydrocharis Morsus-Ranas 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Potamogeton heterophyllus 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Scirpus fluitans 


X 


X 




X 


X 


Rhyncospora alba 


X 


? 


... 


... 


X 


Equisetum hyemale 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 



PLAN OF FLORA. 27 

PLAN OF THE FLOKA.— The scientific name and author's 
name abbreviated are placed first, followed by the English name 
and any synonyms of the scientific name. A reference to Toijo- 
grajihical Botany, 2nd edition, or other work, is occasionally 
given where it seems desirable. Next follows the grade of 
citizenship, the type of distribution indicated by initial letters, 
the situation or habitat, the comparative frequency, the duration, 
and the time of flowering. The next line is occupied with the 
first record, and occasionally the first finding of the plant, with 
name of recorder and date and any name of the plant employed 
by the recorder. This is succeeded by an account of the occur- 
rence of the plant in the several divisions of the County, the 
localities having the name of the recorder affixed, the author 
being responsible for those for which no recorder is mentioned. 
In the case of plants which occur generally through the County, 
localities are not given. A note of admiration means that the 
author has seen a specimen either dried or growing in situ. 

Aliens, casuals, recent introductions into the County, and 
such like, have an asterisk prefixed, and species which have no 
standing in the County, or are extremely doubtful or in other 
ways inadmissible into the Flora, are enclosed in square brackets. 



28 



PUBLICATIONS, MSS., &.C., QUOTED IN THE 

FLORA, ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY, AS 

A RECORD OF BOTANICAL INVESTIGATION 

IN THE COUNTY. 



1640. 
Parkinson. John Parkinson. Theatrum Botanicum. London. Folio. 

Cochlearia aljpina. 

1650. 
How Phyt. Brit. William How. Phytologia Britannica natales exhibens 

Indigenariim stirpium sponte emergentium. London. 8vo. 
Viola lutea. Ononis arvensis. 

1670. 
Ray Cat. John Ray. Catalogus Plantarum Anglic, &c. London. 

8vo. 

Arabia hirsuta, Erysimum cheiranthoides, Campanula 
latifolia, Vaccinium Vitis-Idcea, JRumex maritimus. 

1677. 
Ray Cat. John Ray. Catalogus Plantarum Angliae, &c. Ed. 2. 

London. 8vo. 

Frwnus Padus, Empetrum nigrum, Lisiera cordata, 
Cystopteris fragilis, Lastrcea Oreoptfiris, Lycopodiurn, 
Selago, L. clavatum. 

1686. 
Ray Hist. PI. John Ray. Historia Plantarum. Vol. I. London. 8vo. 

AlchemiUa vulgaris. 

1688. 
Ray Fasc. John Ray. Fasciculus Stirpium Bi-itannicarum, &c. 

London. 8vo. 
Arenaria verna. 

1690. 
Ray Syn. John Ray. Synopsis Methodica Stirpium Britannicarum, 

&c. London. 8vo. 
Polytrichum commune. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



29 



Gibson's Camden. 



Leigh Nat. Hist. 



Salmon's Botanologia. 



J. Petiver. 



J. Petiver. 



W. Derham. 



Magn. Brit. & H. 



Dillenius. 



Martyn Phil. Trans. 



1695. 
Edmund Gibson. Camden's Britannia. Lists supplied 
by John Eay. London. Folio. 
Viola tricolor. 

1700. 
C. Leigh. The Natural History of Lancashire, Cheshire, 
and the Peak in Derbyshire. Oxford. Folio. 
Ruhus Chcnnaemoriis. 



1710. 
William Salmon, M.D. Botanologia. 
Herbal or History of Plants. London. 
Potentilla argentea. 



The English 
2 Vols. Folio. 



1711. 
James Petiver. An account of divers rare plants recently 
observed, &c. Philosophical transactions. Vol. XXVII. 
London. 4to. 
Draha vutralis. 

1713. 
A. Jacobus Petiver. Graminum, Muscorum, Fungorum, 
&c. Britannicorum Concordia. Londini. 
lihacomitriiim acicidare. 

1718. 
William Derham. Philosophical Letters between the 

late learned Mr. Eay and several correspondents. 

London. 8vo. 

1720. 
Magna Britannia et Hibernia, antiqua et nova, or a new 
survey of Great Britain, &c. London. 6 Vols. 4to. No 
author given ; only English names used. 

1724. 
J. J. Dillenius. Bay's Synopsis, &c. 3rd. Ed. London. 
12mo. 

Valeriana officinalis, AsjAenium Euta-muraria (Rhacom- 
trium prqtensuni). 

1729. 
Thomas Martyn. Philosophical Transactions of the Eoyal 
Society, No. 407 (Vol. XXXVI., 22-30). London. Jan. 
22nd, 1729. 

Thalictrum minus, Cardamine liirsiita, Viola hi tea var. 
wmo&na. Geranium lucidum, Ruhus Idaeus, Rosa tomen- 
tosa, Lactuca muralis, Schollera Oxycoccos, Erica cinerea, 
Salix pentandra, AthijHum filix-foemina, Lycopodium 
alpiniun Rhacomitrium lanuginosum. 



30 

T. Martyn. 
Jenkiuson. 

Withei-ing. 

Huds. Fl. Ang. 
Withering. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



1763. 



Goiigh's Camden. 



Pilkington. 



Thomas Martyn. Plantae Cantabrigienses, &c. London. 

8vo. 

Potentilla Comarum. 

1775. 
James Jenkinson. A Generic and Specific description 
of British Plants translated from the Genera et Species 
Plantarum of the celebrated Linnaeiis. Kendal. 8vo. 
Saxifraga hypnoides. 

1776. 
W. Withering. A botanical arrangement of British 
Plants. Birmingham. 8vo. 

Cardamine impatiens, TJtlaspi aljiestre {Saxifraga 
liijpnoides). 

1778. 
William Hudson. Flora Anglica. London. 2 Vols. 8vo. 

1787. 
W. Withering. A botanical arrangement, &c. 2nd Ed. 
8vo. Birmingham. 

Myosurtis niiniinus, Arahis perfoUata, Dianthus deltoides^ 
Silene nutans, Malva moschata, Geranium sanguineum, 
Bubus saxatilis, Fyrus Aria, Seduni Telephium, Drosera, 
rotundifolia, Myrrhis odorata, Heracleum v. angusti- 
folium, Bipsacus silvestris, Filago ?)iinima, Gentaurea 
Gyanus, Polemonium, Atropa Belladonna, Lathraea 
squaniaria, Polygonum Bistorta, Viscum album, Epipactis 
latifolia, Grocus nudiflorus. Narcissus pseudo-narcissus, 
Alliitm vineale, Gagea lutea, Golchicum autumnale, 
Paris, Alisnta ranunculoides, Hordeum silvaticum. 

1789. 
Richard Gough. Camden's Britannia. Enlarged by the 
latest discovery of R. G. 3 Vols. London. 
{Erysimum cheiranthoides). 

James Pilkington. Derbyshire, being an account of the 
Geology, Mineralogy, Medicinal Waters, &c. 2 Vols. 
Derby. 8vo. The author states with regard to the list 
of plants that " considerable pains have been taken to 
make this part of the work as accurate as possible." 
The list comprising 540 Phanerogams and Higher 
Cryptogams is in the main reliable ; there are included 
in it however a few which are erroneous, and occasion- 
ally the same species is recorded more than once under 
different names ; if these ai'e subtracted, as well as the 
68 species already mentioned, we have a net list from 
Pilkington of 458, too lengthy to give here. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



31 



Engl. Bot. 
Eoltou. Fil. Brit. 

Gisborne. 



Withering. 
Linn. Fl. Lapi). 
Engl. Bot. 

Engl. Bot. 

Withering. 

Engl. Bot. 

Hb. Salt. 

Knapp, Gram. Brit. 
Sm. Flor. Brit. 



1790. 
J. E. Smith. English Botany. London. 8vo. 
Tliuidium recognitinn. 

James Bolton. Filices Britannicffi. Leeds. 4to. 
Phegopteris calcarea. 

1790—95. 
Marginal Notes in a copy of Hudson's Flora Anglica, 
2nd Ed., belonging to the Rev. T. Gisborne of Yoxall 
Lodge, Staffs., extracted by Prof. C. C. Babington in 1864. 
Hutcliinsia petraea, Stellaria iiliginosa, Sagina nodosa, 
Antennaria dioica, Spirantlies aiitumnalis, Ophrys miis- 
cifera, Habenaria viridis, H. hifolia, Eriophorum vagi- 
natum, 

1792. 
W. Withering. A botanical arrangement, &c. 2nd Ed. 
3rd Vol. 
Ophioglossum vulgatuin, Eurhijnchiinn Teesdalei. 

C. Linnaeus. Flora Lapponica, editio altera, etc. Bvo. 
[GaleojJsis Tetrahit, form.) 

1793. 
J. Sowerby and J. E. Smith. English Botany. Vol. II. 
London. Bvo. 
Vicia silvatica, Geum intermediiun. 

1794. 
James Sowerby. English Botany. Vol. III. London. 
8vo. 
{Eurhynchium Teesdalei.) 

1796. 
W. Withering. Arrangement of British Plants. 3rd Ed. 
3 Vols. Bvo. 
Corydulis liitea. 

1799. 
J. Sowerby and J. E. Smith. English Botany. Vol. IX. 
Koeleria cristata. 

1800. 
Jonathan Salt. MS. Flora Sheffieldiensis. June 25, 
1800. In the Library of Lit. and Phil. Soc, Sheffield. 

1804. 
J. L. Knapp. Gramina Britannica. London. 4to. 
Festuca silvatica, Hordeum silvaticuiii. 

J. E. Smith. Flora Britannica. Vol. III. 
( EurhijncJiium Teesdalei.) 



82 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



Bot. Guide. 



Engl. Bot. 



Jewitt. 



Enel. Bot. 



Ly sons' Magn. Brit. 



Purton. 



Pm-ton. 



Sm. Engl. Fl. 



1805. 
Dawson Turner and L. W. Dillwyn. The Botanist's 
Guide through England and Wales. London. 8vo. 
Trollius europaeus, Sespens mati-onalis, Geranium pyre- 
naicum, Saxifraga aizoides, CirccBa alpiiia, [Senecio 
saracenicus], Cnicus eriop)horus, Crepis 2^^^'*^osa, 
Arbutus Uva-ursi, Gentiana campestris, Galeopsis versi- 
color, Cryptogramme crispa, Phegopteris Dryopteris. 

1807—9. 
J. Sowerby and J. E. Smith. English Botany. 
Campylopus flexuosus (1809), Trichostomum tortuosum 
(1807). 

1811. 
Arthur Jewitt. The history of Buxton and visitors' guide 
to the curiosities of the Peak. London. 8vo. 
Hypericum montaiiutn, Geranium phcBum, G. silvaticum, 
G. j^usillum, Lathyrus montanus, Antlirisciis Cerefolium, 
Carduus crispus v. acantlwicles , Cnicus heterophyllus, 
Hieracium umbellatum, Campanula glomerata, Stachys 
palustris, Geteracli, Polystichum lohatum (P. Lonchitis), 
Polypodium vulgare v. cambricum, Phegopteris poly- 
piodioides. 

1813. 
J. E. Smith. English Botany. Vol. XXXV. 
Jungermannia barbata. 

1817. 
D. and S. Lysons. Magna Britannia, being a concise 
topographical account of the several counties of Great 
Britain. London. 4to. This work contains a list of 
plants for Derbyshire, mostly derived from Pilkington. 
T. Purton. A Botanical descrii^tiou of British Plants in 
the Midland Counties. London. 2 Vols. 
Viola hirta, 

1821. 
Appendix to the above, bound up with it. 
Draba incana, Melica nutans. 

1824—5. 
Sir J. E. Smith. The English Flora. 4 Vols. London. 
Svo. 

Achillea serrata, Hieracium britannicum [H. murorum 
P seems to be this), Taraxacum comiculatmn, Ornitho- 
galum nutans, Lastrcea dilatata. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



33 



Hook. & Tayl. 



Glover. 



1827. 
W. J. Hooker and T. Taylor. 
2nd Ed. London. 8vo. 
Leptodontium flexifoliu'm. 



Muscologia Britannica. 



1829. 

E. Glover. History of the County of Derbj'. Derby. 
Eoy. 8vo. This work contains a long but not very 
reliable list of plants, many with no locality given, con- 
tributed by two ladies, which after deducting errors, 
double records, and plants previously mentioned, yields 
a net list of 196 species. 



1829—35. 
Mag. Nat. Hist. J. C. Loudon. Magazine of Natural History. London. 

8vo. 
Tilia cordata, Buniex alpinus. 



1833. 
Bloxam MS. Andrew Bloxam. MS. list of plants found in and about 

Calke. 

Carex rostrafa, Polystichum aculeatum. A list of 80 
mosses, of which a large proportion are new records. 

Hook. Br. Fl. W. J. Hooker. The British Flora. London. 8vo. 

Seligeria pusilla, Encalypta streptocaipa, Schistostega 
osmundacea. 

1834. 
Engl. Bot. Supplt. W. J. Hooker. Supplement to English Botanj'. Vol. II. 

Loudon. 8vo. 
Metzgeria pnhescens. 

1834—43. 
Baxter William Baxter. British Phsenerogamous Botany, or 

Figures and Descriptions of the Genera of British 
Flowering Plants. 6 Vols. Oxford. 8vo. 
Claytonia alsinoides (1837). 



Watson's N. B. G. 



Bloxam MS. 



1835. 
H. C. Watson. The New Botanist's Guide to the locali- 
ties of the rarer plants of Britain. Vol. I. London. 8vo. 
Hijjpocrepis comosa, Buhus Kcehleri, affinis (B. dasg- 
2}Jujllus), Fotentilla verna, Potamogeton zoster cefolUis, 
Scirpus Caricis, Carex disticha, C. axillans. 

Andrew Bloxam. MS. 
Milium undulatum. 



34 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



1837. 
Supplement to N. B. G. 

Lythrum htjssopi folia, Oenanthe Phellandrium, Valeria- 
nella eriocarim, Myosotis collina, Limosella, Lamium 
maculatum. Narcissus biflorus, Carex dividsa, C. binervis, 
C. pseudo-cyjjerus. 

Geo. W. Francis. An Analysis of British Ferns and 
their allies. London. 8vo. 
Lastrcea spinulosa. 

1840. 
W. Adams. The Gem of the Peak, or Matlock Bath and 
its vicinity. London. 8vo. 

(Tlmidium recognition), Hylocomiiim splendens, FriiUania 
dilatata, JRadula complanata, Kantia tricliomanis, 
Scapatiia resiqnnata, Pellia ejjiphylla. 

1842. 
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. W. Jardin. Annals and Magazine of Natm-al History. 
London. 8vo. 
Cephalozia steUulifera. 



Watson's N. B. G. 
Siippt. 



An. Brit. P. 



Gem of the Peak. 



Syn. Hep. 



Garner. 



Phyt. 



Gem of the Peak. 



Spruce. 



1844. 
Gottsche, Lindenberg, and Nees. Synopsis Hepaticariim. 
Hamburghi. 8vo. 
Pedinophyllum interruijtuni. 

F. Garner. The Natural History of Staffordshire. 
London. 8vo. 

Lotus tenuis, Saxifraqa umhrosa, Fissidens adiantoides, 
Bhacomitrium fasciculare, R. canescens, Ptycliomitrium 
polyphyllum, Tortula Icevipila, Barbula rigidula, Splach- 
num spJiaricum, Breutelia arcuata, Eurhynchium 
tenellum, Hypnurn stellatum ? Hylocomiuni rugosum, 
Frul/ania Tainarisci, Scapania undulata. 

George Luxford. The Phytologist. Vol. I., 191. London. 

8vo. 

( Cephalozia steUulifera.) 

1845. 
W. Adams. The Gem of the Peak, or Matlock Bath 
and its vicinity. 4th Ed. London. 8vo. 
Quercus sessiliflora, Salix vitellina, Cystopteris fragilis 
V. dentata, Polystichutn angulare. 

K. Spruce. The London Journal of Botany. No. 40. 
OrtJiotrichuyn Sprucei, 0. tenellum, Mnium stellare. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



35 



1847. 
Whittaker, Phyt. Joseph Whittaker. The Phytologist. II. 901—3. 

Fumaria capreolata, Cochlearia Armoracia, Iheris amara, 
Epilobium tetragon am, G-naphaiium sUvaticum, Picris 
echioides, Linaria repens, Veronica politu. 

1847—51. 
Watson, Cyb. Brit. H. C. Watson. Cybele Britauuica. Vols. I — II. London. 

8vo. 
Taraxacum piahi^tre, Epipiactis media. 

1849. 
Buxton's B. G. Richard Buxton. Botanical Guide to plants within six- 

teen miles of Manchester. London. (Printed at Man- 
chester). 12mo. 

{Polijstichum aculeatum), (Cinclidotus fontinaloides) 
Bri/um pseitdotriquetriim , Mnium rostratum, Htjpnum 
palustre. 

1851. 

Thomas Adams. Gem of the Peak. 5th Ed. 
Drosera longifoUa. 

1852. 
H. C. W'atson. Cybele Britannica. Vol. III. Additional 
Species and Further Additional Notes. 
Hypericum elodes (confirming Glover's record), Eubus 
plicatvs, R. Lindleianus , B. pulcherrimus, B. Selmeri, 
B. rusticanus, R. pubescens, B. macrophyllus, B. Spren- 
gelii, R. leucostachys, B. Radula, B. echinatus, B. 
corylifolius, B, nemorosus. 

1854. 
Buxton Guide. W. H. Robertson, M.D. A Handbook to the Peak of 

Derbyshire, &c., or Buxton in 1854, with Map, &c. 
London. 
Linum perenne, Bibes nigrum, Crepia biennis. 

Newman Brit. F. Edward Newman. A History of British Ferns. London. 

8vo. 

1854—70. 
Smith MSS. G. E. Smith. MS. notes of the plants observed grow- 

ing wild, or recorded on credible authority, in the neigh- 
bourhood [10 miles range] of Osmaston-by-Ashbourne. 
Now at University College, Nottingham. 
Bosa micrantha, Galium tricorne, Habenaria chloroleuca, 
Carex teretiuscida, C. muricata, C. acuta, Apera Spica- 
venti, Catabrosa aquatica. 



Gem of the Peak. 



Watson's Cyb. Brit. 



86 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



Johnson & Sowerby. 



Wilson. 



Phyt. N. S. 



Pnrchas. 



Watson, Cyb. Brit. 

Sujjpt. 

Garner. 



Pliyt. N. S. 



N. H. Tutb. 



1855. 
Charles Johnson. J. E. Sowerby. The Ferns of Great 
Britain. London. 8vo. 
Lastrcea Filix-mas, v. ahhreviata. 
W. Wilson. Bryologia Britannica. London. 8vo. 
Ditrichumtenuifolium, D.flexicaide, Grimmia Doniaiui, 
Fottia hryoides, Eticalypta vulg., vars. ohtiisifoiia and 
pilifera, Funaria calcarea, Neckera 2^"'>nila, Pylaisia 
iwlyantha, EurhyncMuni crass inervium, Amhhjstegium 
fuviatile, A. Valltsclausce, HyJocomium hrevirostre. 

1858. 
A. Irvine. The Phytologist. New Series, jjp. 482 and 
611. 

Galium insuhricum, G. auglicum, Valenanella carinata, 
ScrojiJnilaria umhrosa, Sphagnum fimhriaium. 

1850—64. 
MS. list of mosses collected by Eev. W. H. Pnrchas and 
given to the Author. Twenty-five species are first records. 

1860. 
H. C. Watson. Supplement to Cybele Britannica. Part I. 
London. Bvo. 

R. Garner. Suj^plement to the Natural Histor.y of 
Staffordshire. London. 8vo. 
Arenaria tenuifolia. 

1861. 
The Phytologist. New Series. 

1863. 
Sir Oswald Mosley, Bart. The Natural History of 
Tutburj'. Together with the Fauna and Flora of the 
District surroimding Tutbury and Burton-on-Trent. By 
Edwin Brown. With an Appendix. London. Imp. 8vo. 
lianunculus circinatus, Eranihis hyemalis, Aconitum 
Na])ellus, Barharcea prcecox, Diplotaxis muralis, Viola 
ericetorum, Silene noctifora, Ihibus rosaceus v. infecun- 
(Jus, B. fuHosKs, Oenanthe fluviatilis, Peucedanum sati- 
vum, ValeriaiKi samhucifolia, Calamintha officinalis, 
St achy s ainbigna, Polygonum minus, Ceratojihyllum 
clemevsum. Iris fwtidissima, Junciis ohtusiflorus, Lemna 
polyrrhiza, Potamogeton prcelongus, P. pusillus, P, 
Jlahellatus, Carex liilulifera, Festuca arundinacea , 
BracJnjpiodium gracile, Nitella opaca. 
20 Mosses, some being new records, and 7 hejiatics, all 
of them records. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



87 



J. B. 



Engl. Bot. 



Crewe & Whittaker. 



Stevens. 



Purchas Cat. 



Wild Fl. Kept. 



Bab. Brit. Rub. 



J. B. 



Smith MSS. 



Berthold Seemann. The Journal of Botany. London. 

8vo. 

liuhus Bloxarnianus. 

1864—66. 
.T. T. Boswell-Syme. English Botany. 3rd Ed. 11 Vols. 
London. Royal 8vo. 

Pyrus rupicola (1864), Galiu7n nitidulum (1865), Arctium 
nemorosum (1866), Hieracium Pilosella v. liilosissimum 
(1866). 

1864. 
H. Harpur Crewe and Joseph Whittaker. MS. List of 
the principal flowering plants and ferns of Derbyshire, 
more especially in the immediate vicinity of Derby. 
Nov. 22nd. 

Thlaspi arvense, Trigonella, Trifolium h/jhriduin, Ajnum 
inund'itum, Valerianella rimosa, Arctium majus, Crejns 
taraxacifolia, Orobanche minor, Castanea sativa, Elodea, 
Eriophoruni latifolium, Phalaris canariensis, Equisetum 
maximum. 

Mrs. T. M. Stevens. MS. List of Matlock Plants. 
Fragaria elatior, Samolus Valerandi. 

1865. 
W. H. Purchas. MS. Catalogue of plants in South 
Derbyshire and adjoining parts of Leicestershire. 

1866. 
Flora Repandunensis. The Wild Flowers of Repton. 
London. 8vo. 
Vicia angustifolia, Oenanthe crocata, Lamium hybridum,. 

1869. 
C. C. Babington, M.A., F.R.S. The British Rubi ; an 
attempt to discriminate the species of rubus known to 
inhabit the British Isles. London. 12mo, 
R. macrojjhyllus v, amplificatus, B. Babingtonii {scaber). 

1870—1. 
R. Braithwaite. Journal of Botany. 

Seligeria acutifolia, v. longisetu (1870), Barbula recurvi- 
folia (1871). 

1871—81. 
G. E. Smith. MS. notes of plants observed in Derby- 
shire, in the neighbourhood of Ockbrook. Now at Uni- 
versity College, Nottingham. 

Tilia grandifolia, AnagalHs ccerulea, Eleocharis acicu- 
laris, E. mult i caul is. 



38 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



1873. 
Top. Bot. H. C. Watson. TopograjDhical Botany. Part First. 

Thames Ditton. Printed for j)rivate circulation onlj'. 
8vo. 

Polygonum hrpathifoliuin, Rtimex conrjlomeratus, PoJy- 
qonatmn officinale. 

Holmes, Grevillea. E. M. Holmes. Grevillea, ii., 169. 

Tortilla hieviroatris. 

1874 
Top. Bot. H. C. Watson. The above. Part Second. 

Impatiens Noli-me-tangere, Bnhus thyrsoideus, Habenaria 
hifolia (segregate), Zannichellia 2)alustris. 

Bab. Man. C. C. Babington. Manual of British Botany. 7th Ed. 

London. 8vo. 
{EjnjJactis media.) 

1876. 
B. L. Rec. Report of the Botanical Locality Record Club for 1875. 

London. 
Carex speirostacJtya. 

Schimp. Syn. W. Ph. Schimper. Sj'nopsis Muscorum em'opaeorum. 

2nd Ed. Stuttgartife. 8vo. 
Seligeria tristicha. 

1878 
B. E. C. Rep. The Report of the Botanical Exchange Club for 1876. 

London 
lianunculus penicillatus, Gallitriche verna (segregate). 

1879. 
B. L. Rec. Report of the Botanical Locality Record Club for 1878. 

Manchester. 
Myosotis repens- 

Manch. Crypt. Soc. Report of the Manchester Cryptogamic Society. Man- 

chester. Bvo. 

Cynodontium Bmntmii, Fissidens ^jMsiWzis, Barhula 
vinealis, Plagiohryum Zierii, Orthotheci%im intricatum, 
Eurhyncliium pumilum, Blcpharozia ciliaris, Bazzania 
trilobata, 

1880. 
B. L. Rec. The same for 1879, p. 74. 

Carex fiacca v. stictocarpa ? 

Manch. Crypt. Soc. Report of the Manchester Cryptogamic Society. 

[Seligeria tristicha), Scajntyiia umhrosa, Jungermannia 
hirida. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



39 



The Naturalist. C. P. Hobkirk and G. T. Porritt. The Naturahst. 

Huddersfield. 8vo. 
• PleurochcBte squarrosa. 

1881. 
Eept. F. & F. William Garneys. Contributions to the Flora and Fauna 

of Eei^ton and Neighbourhood. Loudon. 12mo. 
Banuncuhis Drouettii, Hypericum cahjcinum, Linum 
angustifolium, Cuscuta trifolii, Mimnliis lutens, Salix 
fragilis, S. 2)urpurea, Lemna gihha. 

B. L. Rec. Eeport of the Botanical Locality Record Club for 1880. 

London. 

Manuncidus peltaius, Rosa involuta, Callitriche hamu 
lata. 

Manch. Crypt. Soc. The Manchester Cryptogamic Society. 

Seligeria Doniana, Weissa calcarea. 

The Naturalist. C. P. Hobkirk and G. T. Porritt. The Naturalist. 

Zygodon viridissivius v. rupesiris. 

Painter, J. B. \V. H. Painter. Notes on the Flora of Derbyshire. 

Journal of Botanj'. London. Bvo. 

Ranunmlus pel'atus, and v. florihuiidus, B. Lenormandi, 
Papaver dvhium v. Lamottei, Polygala oxyptera, Sagina 
ciliala, Trifolium filifonne, Potentilla procumhens, 
Agrimonia odorata, {Hieracium hritannicum [H. ccBsium) ), 
Sonchus asper, Veronica Tournefortii, Salix rubra, 
Populus canescens. 

1881—1902. 
Braithw. R. Braithwaite, M.D. The British Moss-Flora. London. 

Roy. Bvo. Parts I. to XXI., which are all that are 

issued up to date, furnish first records of 22 species and 

11 varieties of mosses. 
The Naturalist. C. P. Hobkirk and G. T. Porritt. The Naturalist. 

Jungermaiinia viinuta, Preissia commutata. 

1883. 

Top. Bot. H. C. Watson. Topographical Botany. 2ud Ed., cor- 

rected and enlarged. London. 8vo. 

Banuticulus pseudofluitans, Buhus scaher, B. hystrix, 
R. fascoater, [Hahenaria eu-hifolid), Luzula erecla. 

The Naturalist. [Pedinophyllum int err upturn.) 

1884. 
Baker, J. B. J. G. Baker, F.E.S. On the Upland Botany of Derby- 

shire. Journal of Botanj'. London. 8vo. 
Polygala serpyllacea, Buhus rhamnifolius, B. tuhercu- 
latus, Boiu glauca, Salix triandra, Juniperus cotmnunis, 
Glyceria plicata. 



40 PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 

West, J. B. W. West. On the Upland Botany of Derbyshire. 

Journal of Botany. London. 8vo. 
Lonicera Xylosteum. 

B. & N., J.B. J. G. Baker, F.R.S. W. W. Newbould, M.A., F.L.S. 

Notes on the Flora of Matlock, lb. 

Bubiis dumetorum, varr. ferox and covcinnits, B. coryli- 
f alius, varr. subliistris and cyclophyllns, Potamogeton 
poly gonif alius. 

The Naturalist. Lejeunia calcarea, Scapania irrigua. 

Haiissknecht. C. Haussknecht. Monographie der Gattung Epilobium. 

Jena. 
Epilobium piersicinii)». 

Groves, J. B. H. and J. Groves, Notes on British Characese. Journal 

of Botany, London. 8vo. 
Ghara vulgaris v. longebracteata. 

1884—6. 
B. L. Rec, Report of the Botanical Locality Record Club. London. 

Eanunculus trichaphyllus (see J.B., 1889) ; Mentha gen- 
tllis, Betula pubescens, Chara fragilis, 

1885. 
Nat. Hist. Journ. J. E. Clark. Natural History Journal. 

{Ophioglassttm.) 

Chest. S. N. So. Proceedings of the Chester Society of Natural Science. 

{Anacharis.) 

Rogers, J. B. W. Moyle Rogers, F.L.S. Notes on the Flora of Buxton. 

Joiu-nal of Botany. 
Bubus incurvatus, Saxifraga liirta {sponhemica). 

Purchas, J. B. W. H. Purchas. Some more notes on Dovedale Plants. 

Journal of Botany. 

Stellaria umbrosa, Bubus fissus, B. caiiiini/olins 
(ramosus), B. diversifaUus. 

The Naturalist. Tortula princeps. 

Groves, J. B. H. and J. Groves. Joui-nal of Botany. 

Chara vulgaris v. crassicaulis. 

1886. 
Holt, J. B. G. A. Holt. Journal of Botany. 

Thaviniimi angustifoliuin. 
Manch. Crypt. Soc. The Manchester Cryptogamic Society. 

Barbula Hornschucliiana . 
The Naturalist. John Whitehead. The Mosses of Ashton-under-Lyne 

district. The Naturalist. London. 8vo. A long list of 

Mosses of which four are first records. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



41 



Purehas, J. B. 

Watson B. E. C. Rep. 
The Naturalist. 

Fl. Ashton. 



B. E. C. Rep. 



J. B. 



Painter, J. B. 

Pearson, J. B. 
C. D. 



Watson B. E. C. Rep. 
Trent C. M. 
The Naturalist. 



1887. 
W. H. Purehas. A list of plants observed in South 
Derbyshire. Journal of Botany. 

Viola silvestris [Reiclienhachiana) , Rubiis calvatus, Calli- 
triche ohtusangula, Potamogeton alpinus. 
Report of the Watson Botanical Exchange Club for 
1886—7. York. 8vo. 

Brachyodus trichodes, Griynmia trichophylla, Bartramia 
Oederi, Jungermannia pumila, Nardia hijalina. 

1888, 
The District Flora, as compiled by the Ashton-under- 
Lyne Botanical Society, including a list of the Mosses of 
the District, by Mr. J. Whitehead of Oldham. To this 
is added the Hepaticse of the District round Manchester 
arranged by Mr. G. A. Holt of Manchester. Ashton- 
under-Lyue. 12mo. 

Sphagnum quinquef avium , Bryiim fiUforme, Hypnuni 
intermedium, and 31 Hepatics. 

The Botanical Exchange Club Report for 1887. Man- 
chester. 

Buhus durescens, R. gratus, B. mucronatus, B. anglo- 
saxonicus, Salix caprea-viminalis {rngosa). 
W. R. Linton. South Derbyshire Plants. Journal of 
Botany. 

Bosa mollis, v. ccerulea, Sonchus arvensis, v. glabrescens. 
Iris acoriformis, Juncus supinus, v. Kochii, Carex 
paludosa v. Kochiana. 

1889. 
W. H. Painter. Additional Notes on the Flora of Derby- 
shire. Journal of Botany. 

{Fumoria pallidiflora), Hieracium ruhiginosum, Wahlen- 
hergia hederacea, Pyrola minor. 

W. H. Pearson. Journal of Botany, 353. 
Lejeunia Bossettiana. 

W. H. Painter. A contribution to the Flora of Derby- 
shire, being an account of the Flowering Plants, Ferns, 
and CharaceaB found in the County. London. 8vo. 
Banunculus heterophyllvs, R. Baudotii, Batharoea inter- 
media (App.), Viola arvetisis, {Myriophyllum alterni- 
florum'], (Eleocharis acicularis). 
Watson Botanical Exchange Club Report for 1888—9. 

Trent College Magazine. 
Physcomitrium 2)atens. 



42 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



B. E. C. Rep. 



Watson 13. E. C. Rep. 
N. D. M. 



1890. 
B. E. C. Rep. The Botanical Exchange Club Report for 1889. Man- 

chester. 
[Hieracium hritannicu7n.) 

J. B. \V. R. Linton. The Journal of Botany. 

Hieracium holojiJiyllKm. 

1891. 
B. E. C. Rep. The Botanical Exchange Club Report for 1890. Man- 

chester. 

Buhus Rogersii {B. opacus), B. riidis, B. fuscus, Hier- 
acium sciaphilian. 

1893. 
The Botanical Exchange Club Report for 1892. Man- 
chester. 

1894. 
Tlie Watson Botanical Exchange Club Report. 

John Whitehead. North Derbyshire Mosses. Journal 
of Botany, pp. 193 — 201. Reprinted as pamphlet (in 
1894) with a few corrections and additions. 
A list containing 273 species and 49 varieties. In a 
letter to the Author in 1895 Mr. Whitehead corrected 
the entry H. Sendtneri, to be deleted as erroneous, and 
added H. cordifolium. The list contains 32 new records. 

1895. 
Hogers, J. B. W. Moyle Rogers, F.L.S. Journal of Botany. 

B. rhamnifolius, B. Lindebergii, B. rhombifolius, B. 
Schlechlendalii, B. pyramidalis, B. rosaceus, B. Boelileri, 
{B. saxicolus) ? B. dumeiorum v. fascicufatus, B. Bal- 
fourianus. 

The Naturalist. T. Gibbs and E. Snelgrove, B.A. The Naturalist. 

London. 
[Bubus macrojihyllus.) 

1896. 
Tr. Burton. Transactions of the Natural History and Archasological 

Society, Burton-on-Trent. 
Ranunculus tnchophyllus. 

Holt MS. G. A. Holt. MS. list of hepatics of Derbyshire. Con- 

tains first records of 17 species and one variety. 

1897. 
Townsend, J. B. Frederick Townsend. Journal of Botany. London. 

Euphrasia nemorora x Bostkoviana, E. Bostkoviana, 
E. campestris, E. Kerneri. 



PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 



43 



1898. 
Derbyshire Naturalist. The Derbyshire NaturaHsts' Quarterly. Alfreton. Imp. 
8vo. 
Hy2mum chryso'pliyUum, v. erectum. 

Ley MS. MS. list of Mosses contributed by Rev. A. Ley. 

Dijjhyscium foliosum, Tortula lamellata, Bryiim murale, 
E urh ynch i u m c ire ina turn , 

1899. 
B. E. C. Rep. The Botanical Exchange Club Report for 1898. Man- 

chester. 

EjnpacHs atrorxthens, Festiica 2^'''(^tcf^^'^ X Lolium 
pereime. 

The Report of the Moss Exchange Club. Stroud. 
Fontinalis Dixoni. 



M. E. C. Rep. 
Painter, Nat. 



Pearson. 

J. B. & Dixon, J. B. 

Dixon, J. B. 

Gibbs. Nat. 

Flora of Bournemouth. 

Rogers Brit. Rub. 

B. E. C. Rep. 
Watson B. E. C. Rep. 



W. H. Painter. Supijlement to the Flora of Derbyshire. 

The Naturalist. London. 8vo. 

Medicago denticulata, Foterium xwlygamum, Sparganium 

microcarpum. 

W. H. Pearson. The Hepaticse of the British Isles. 
London. Royal 8vo. 1899—1902. 
Sca^iania cBqtiiloba (1900). 

The Journal of Botany. 

Hieraciuin strictum v. suhcrocatiun ; Weissa crispata. 

1900. 
H. N. Dixon. Journal of Botany. 
Amhlyategium coitqiactum. 

Thomas Gibbs. The Naturalist. 
Varieties of Taraxacum. 

E. F. Linton, M.A. Flora of Bournemouth. Bourne- 
mouth. 8vo. 
Orchis ericetorum described. 

W. Moyle Rogers. Handbook of British Rubi. London. 
8vo. 

Bubus dumnomensis, B. inilUdus, B. rosaceiis v. Pur- 
chasiafms, B. MarshaJli, E. viridis f. (?), B. liirtus. 
The Report of the Botanical Exchange Club for 1899. 
Manchester. 

Ruhus calvatus f. calvula, Cratcegus oxyacantha v. 
laciniata. 

The Report of the Watson Botanical Exchange Club. 
Birmingham. 
Pofamogetum crispus X Friesii. 



44 PUBLICATIONS QUOTED. 

M. I]. C. Rep. Moss Exchange Club Report. 

Amhlystegium SjJrucei, Jungermannia cordi folia, Aneura 
pinguis, Targionia hypoi^hylla. 

Horrell, J. B. E. C. Horrell, F.L.S. Journal of l^otany. 

Sphagnum turfaceum. 

1901. 
B. E. C. Rep. Report of the Botanical Exchange Club for 1900. 

Sagina apetala v. glabra, Bubus erythrinus, Euphrasia 
curia, Poiamogeton crispiics X perfolintus, Cnreoc vulpina 
V. nemorosa, Alopecurits fidvus. 

Painter, Nat. W. H. Painter. The Naturalist. 

Bryiim bimum. 

M. E. C. Rep. Moss Exchange Club Report. 

Scapania aspera. 

1902. 
M. E. C. Rep. Moss Exchange Club Report. 

Kantia Sprengelii. 



45 



HERBARIA 

QUOTED IN THE FLOKA. 



Hh. Bailey. The Herbarium of Mr. C. Bailej', Manchester. 

Hh. Bicheno. Collection of J. E. Bicheno, at Swansea. (Published in the 

Naturalist, Nov., 1902.) 

Hb. Can-. Prof. J. W. Carr's Herbarium, Nottingham. 

Hh. Holt. Mr. G. A. Holt's Collection of Hepatics. 

Hb. Zicic. Museum. The Herbarium at the Museum, Leicester. 

Hb. Masoti. Mr. P. B. Mason's Collection, Burton-on-Trent. 

Hb. Salt. Jonathan Salt's Collection, Sheffield Museum. 

Hb. Sijine. The Herbarium of Mr. J. T. Boswell, in possession of 

F. J. Haubury, Esq., London. 

Hh. Whitehead. Mr. J. Whitehead's Collection of Carices, Mosses and 

Hepatics, in possession of Prof. T. Barker, Buxton. 



46 



ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGiNS. 



A. 


Anuiial. 


B. 


Biennial. 


Cat. 


Catalogue. 


ed. 


Edition. 


F. f. 


Form. 


f. 


fide, in the belief of. 


I.e. 


loco citato, quoted above. 


MS. 


Manuscript. 


P. 


Perennial. 


p.p. 


Partly. 


S. 


Shrub. 


sp. 


Specimen. 


sub. 


nom. Under the name of. 


T. 


Tree. 


t. 


Teste, attested by. 



• More or less recently introduced, alien, casual. 

! Seen by the Author in situ or as dried specimens. 

( ) After a variety means that the Author so enclosed regarded it as a species. 

r ] Errors, extinctions, or very doubtful plants are thug enclosed. 



47 



PHANEROGAMIA. 



A. ANGIOSPERM^. 



1. DiCOTYLEDONES. 



RANUNCULACE/E. 

CLEMATIS L. 

C. Vitalba L. Trarelkr's Joy. Old Jfm's Heard. 

Denizen. EG. Waste and bushy places. Rare. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Matlock Bath, on limestone walls, Milnes, CD. Heights of Abraham, 
Drabble. 

G2. Wiugfield Manor ; Shottle Gate, introduced in both localities ? Gibbs. 

Tl. Churchyard, Miigginton, Feilden. 

T3. Ticknall Quarry, liept. F. £ F. 

Almost certainly not native in all the above localities. 

THALICTRUM L. 

T. COllinum JVallr. Top. Bot., T. minus, " Hewitt Cat.," and T. mon- 
tanum, " Syme herb." T. ^fte.ruosHin Rchb. T. mbim v. montanum, 
Syme. 

Native. SB. Dales and rocky slopes on limestone. Eare. P. July-Aug. 
First record, Martyn Phil. Trans. XXXVI., 1729. 

L. The Winnats, Peveril Castle, and Cave Dale, ' Castleton, West, J.B. 
Monsal Dale ; Cressbrook Dale, Painter, .J .B. Priestcliffe Lees, near Miller's 
Dale, C.D. Middleton Dale, Mag. Nat. Hist. 

T. flavum L. Meadow Bue. Top. Bot., "Hewitt Cat" 

Native. E. Stream sides, osier beds, moist places. Local. P. June-Axig. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, Wormhill, West, J.B. Castleton, Searle, C.D. Eocks 
near Lover's Leap, Buxton (900 ft.), Levinge. 

G2. Banks of E. Derwent near Duifield Church, Pilkitigton. 



48 RANUNCULACEiE. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, " Morisouii ? " Waterfall. Alfreton Brook, 
Coke in Pilkington. 

P. Pleaslej' Brook, Coke in Pilkington. 

T2. Thrumpton, Hasse, CD. Banks of R. Derweut near Breadsall, 
Whittakei; Fhyt. R. Derwent below Derby, Pilkington. 

T3. Near Swarkston Bridge, Bloxam. Bull's osier-bed, Repton, Hugger, 
CD. Burton-ou-Treiit, Painter, J.B. Anchor Church, Harris, C. D. 

ANEMONE L. 

A., nemorosa />• Jf'ood Anemone. 

Native. B. Woods, hedge banks, field borders. Common. P. Ai^ril-May. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. Frequently with purple flowers in 
Districts Tl and T3. 

*Adonis autumnalis L. Pheasant's Eye. 
Alien. G. Top. Bot. [57J. 

"In the fields, but not very common," Johnson in Pilkington, 1789. 
A garden weed at Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. 

MYOSURUS L. 
M. minimus L. UousetaU. 

Native. GE. Arable land. Rare and local. A. May- June. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

G2. Darley Dale, Bowland, CD. 

TI or 2. Cornfields, near Derby, Bot. Guide. 

T3. Drakelow and Stapenhill, Hb. Mason ! 

RANUNCULUS L. 
R. circinatus SihtM. 

Native. EG. Ponds and slow streams. Abundant locall.y. P. Julj'-Aug. 

First record, Nat. Hist. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Matlock Bath, Bailey, CD. 

G2. Canal near Cromford, Bailey, B. L. liec, 1884-6, 85. 

C. Spinkhill, near Chesterfield ; plentiful at Quarry Dam, Park Hall 
Woods, near Renishaw, Waterfall. Canal near Kirk Hallam. 

P. Whaley Mill, Bolsover. 

Tl. Ponds between Shirley and Osmaston ; Barton Fields. 

T2. Between Stanton-by-Dale and Dale Abbey, Painter, Natt. Ditch 
near Long Eaton between the Erewash and the Trent. 

T3. Small pond or reservoir at the iipper end of Dimminsdale, Calke ; 
ornamental water in Melbourne Gardens, Piirchas, J.B. Bretby Ponds, Cihhs. 
Milton, Hb. Mason .' R. Trent, and brook near Bull's Farm, Repton, Bept. 
F. <i- F. 



RANUNCULACEiE. 49 

R. fluitans Lnm. Top. Bot. "Bab. Herb." 

Native. E. Rivers and streams. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilklngton, 1789. B. aquatilis. 

L. Lathkil Dale, " -B. Bacliii 'V^irtg." The Naturalist. The same variety 
in the Dove, Dovedale, Nowers. Bradwell, Painter, Nat^. 

G2. R. Derwent, Whatstandwell, Bailey, CD. R. Derwent, Ecclesbourne 
and Duffield, Glover. Hillcliff Lane, between Idridgehay and Shottle. 

C. South Normanton Common, Pilkington. 

Tl. Markeaton Brook, Pilkington ! Brailsford Brook, B.E.C. Bepp. 1888, 
109, and 1893, 398. Between Chellaston and Swarkeston, Painter, Nat^. Barton 
Blount and Barton Fields ; R. Dove at Tutbury. 

T2. R. De^'went at Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. Canals below Osmaston, 
and near Chaddesden and Spondon ; Trent Lock. 

T3. About Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. R. Trent, Repton ; Willington, 
Uejjt F. ct F. Canal at Egginton, Gibhs. Brook N.E. of Swarkeston. 

This plant has frequently a hairy receptacle, which tends to become glab- 
rescent with age. 

R. pseudofluitans Hiem. li. p^cndofititfins Bab. p.p. 

Native. Rivers. Not common. P. June-July. 

First record, Toj). Bat.. 1883, Hiem [B. lienicillatus) ; also Journ. Bot., 
1884, 334. 

L. Near Haddon, Barrow. R. Lathkil ; R. Bradford ; Dovedale, Purchas. 

C. R. Rother, CD. App. R. Doe Lea, near Renishaw, Waterfall. 

E,. trichophyllus Chab:. 

Native. E. Ponds. Not common. P. May- Aug. 

First records, B.L. Bee, 1884-6 ; J.B., 1889, 178. 

L. Via Gellia, J.B., 1889. Monk's Dale; pond between Great Rocks Dale 
and Fairfield Common. 

C. Millpond, N.E. of Fritchley ; ditch at Ault Hucknall. 

P. By Nether Langwith. 

Tl. Marshy ground by the railway below Findern. 

T2. Pond close to the canal below Chellaston ; near Sawley, in a backwater 
west of the village. 

T3. Bretby, Gibhs. Brizlincote, Notvers in Tr. Burton. Brook above 
Egginton. 

R. Drouettii Godr. 

Native. E. Ponds and streams. Rather rare. P. May-July. 
First record, Bej}t. F. d F., 1881. 

L. Ponds in the Via Gellia, Purchas. R. Wj^e at Ashford. 
Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 

T2. Near Long Eaton, by the footway to the Trent and Erewash Junction. 
T3. Tramway at Ticknall (t. Syme), Purchas, J.B. Twyford Brook, 
liept. F. (C F. 

E 



50 PvANUNCULACE^. 

R. heterophyllus iFeb. 

Native. Streams. Rare. P. May-Aiig. 
First record, CD., 1889. 
Tl. Mickleover ; Mackworth, Bindley. 
T2. Litchurch, Derby; Morley, CD. 

R, p eltatus Schuw:- 

Native. B. Ponds and ditches. Not uncommon. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

L. Monyash, Painter, J.B. Between Grange Mill and Long Cliff, Bailey., 
CD. Pools on the limestone plateau between the Dove and the Wye, Purchas, 
J.B. 

Gl. Chapel Reservoir. 

G2. Chatsworth, Baker, J.B. Baslow, Painter, J.B. Shallow edge of Mill- 
dam, R. Amber, Ashover, Bailey, B.L. Bee. 1881, 202 (approaching B. florihundus. 
B.E.C Bep., 1882, 64). 

C. By Beauchief Abbey ; in a large pool, about a mile east of Killamarsh. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 

T2. Old bed of the Derwent, Litchurch, Derby, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Repton, Mason in Tr. Burton. Twyford, Nowers. 

Var. ^florihundus (Bab.). 

L. Pit near Grange Mill, and roadside near Aldwark Grange, Bailey, B.L. 
Bee., 1884-6, 85. Near Arbor Low, Purchas. 

G2. Farley Paddocks, Baslow, Painter, J.B. 

C. West Hallam ; Great Pond, Wingerworth ; Shirland ; Tibshelf ; Sutton 
Scarsdale ; Hard wick. 

P. Pebley Pond, Barlborough. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Upper Pond, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne ; marsh, 
Yeldersley Lane ; pond at Wyaston, towards Rodsley ; between Cubley and 
Marston Montgomery ; Hilton Common. 

T2. Ponds at Boulton, Painter, J.B. Near Trent Station ; Long Eaton ; 
Sawley. 

T3. Pools at Ticknall, and at the Dimminsdale Lime Yard, Calke (t. Syme), 
Purchas, J.B. Twyford ; Repton, Hh. Mason ! 

Var. penicillatus (Hiern). 

B.E.C. Rep. for 1876, 1878. 

L. Lathkil Dale, Bailey in B.E.C. Bep., 1876. Monsal Dale, Bailey, CD. 
Very abundant in the Wye in Ashwood Dale and Miller's Dale up to 300 yards^ 
Baker, J.B. 

G2. In a large pool at Calver. 

R. Baudotii Godr. 

Native. EB. Pools. Rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record, CD., 1889. 

L. Monk's Dale, Wormhill (t. J. Groves), Searle, CD. 



RANUNCULACEiE. 51 

R. Lenormandi F. scimlfz. 

Native. E. Wet places, ditches, etc., especially on moorland. Locally 
abundant. P. April-Aug. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

Gl. Axe Edge, in two places very near the top, over 550 yards ; in the 
hollow west of Buxton, Rogers, B.L. Bee. 1884-6, and J.B. Kinder Scout ; 
Combes Moss, Painier, J.B. Win Hill, Gibbs. Reaps, near Crowden ; west of 
Combes Tor, near Charlesworth ; Wild Moor, R. Goyt ; Chinley ; near Ashopton 
Inn and Snake Inn ; Woodseats, Castletou ; Rushup Edge ; Hood Brook, Hather- 
sage ; R. Westend. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Abney Clough ; Froggatt ; Otterdale, below 
Shatton Moor ; Chatsworth ; Baslovv. 

C. Wadshelf, towards Upper Loads. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. HuUand Moss; wet place by Bradley 
Brook. 

T3. " It occurred in very small quantity in a roadside ditch between Calke 
and Melbourne, evidently as a remnant of the ancient vegetation of Melbourne 
Common, but disappeared after a season or two," Pnrclias, J.B. 

R, hederaceus ^- Iiy-leaved Crowfoot. 

Native. B. Wet places, margins of streams and ponds. Local. P. May- 
Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath ; Bonsall, Rowland, CD. Jinxton, Rogers, J.B. Bradwell. 
Painter, Nat^. Wardlow Mires; Bradford. 

Gl. Snake Inn, The Naturalist. Swamps to 500 yards. Baker, J.B. 
Dinting ; Combes Moss ; Lydgate, Eccles Pike. 

G2. Dore Moor, llie Naturalist. Ashover, Bailey, CD. Near Robin 
Hood's Sti-ide, Birchover, Carr, CD. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Bamford ; Abney 
Clough; Otterdale, below Shatton Moor; Great Hucklow; Brough ; slope east of 
Bradwell ; Edensor. 

C. Sutton Scarsdale ; Brackenfield Green. South Normanton Common, 
Pilkington. 

Tl. Hilton, Hasse, CD. By the side of the London Road, Derby ; and 
near Mr. Bennet's, Mackworth, Pilkington. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Shirle}' ; 
Mugginton ; Aston, near Sudbury ; Hatton ; Bradley Brook ; Ladyhole, Ash- 
bourne. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, J.B. Dale, Hassf, CD. 

T3. Milton, Repton ; Repton Rocks ; near Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B, 
Tramway near Ticknall, Purclias, J.B. Foremark Park, Wild Fl. Bept. 

R. SCeleratuS L. Celery-leaved Crowfoot. 

Native. B. Ditches and wet places. Local. A. Jime-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

C. Between Norton and Heeley, The Naturalist. Canal side, Stavelej-, 
Drabble. Near Codnor Castle. 



52 RANUNCULACEiE. 

P. Whaley Mill, Bolsover. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat'. Church Broughton; Sudbury; Hatton ; 
Radbourn ; marshes by the canal below Findern. 

T2. Morley and Breadsall, Whittaker, Pliyt. By Borrowash Railway 
Station, Fainter, J.B. Near Shacklecross, Hasse, CD. Trent Lock ; by the 
Canal, Sandiacre. 

T3. Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl.Bept. Drakelow, Hh. Mason! 
Linton, N.H. Tuth. Common about Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Willington ; 
Bretby Park; Winshill ; Croxall, Gihhs. 

R. Plammula -£. Lesser Speartvort. 

Native. B. Wet places, bogs, heaths. Freqvient. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed throughout the County ; varying very much according 
to situation. A robust, erect form, with strongly sen-ate leaves, occurs near 
Rowarth (Gl), which J. Freyn considered to be var. serratiis D.C., B.E.C. Beji. 
for 1898. 

Var. rad leans Nolte. 

Gl. By Rowarth Brook, below Rowarth. 

C. Brackenfield Green ; Great Pond, Wingerworth. 

T3. Linton Heath, J.T.H. in Tr. Burton. 

R. Lingua L. Great Speanvort. Top. Bot. "Derby?" 

Native. EB. Ditches, canals. Vei'y rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Matlock, Stevens. Cottage Pond, Chatsworth, Adams, G.P, 

C. South Normanton, Coke in Pilkington. 

T3. Melbourne Pool, formerly, Crewe and WJiittakei: Ingleby and Knowl 
Hills. Glover. 

R. auricomus X. Goldilocks. Wood Crowfoot. 

Native. BE. Woods, hedgebanks. Frequent. P. April-May. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Near Dovedale, Purclias. Youlgreave ; Via Gellia ; Wirksworth, Gihhs. 

G2. Ashover, Bailey, CD. Near Dethick, Gihhs. 

C. Hague Lane, Renishaw, Waterfall. Between Norton and Eckington, 
The Naturalist. Beighton ; near Wingerworth, Gihhs. Spital, Chesterfield, 
Drahhle. 

Tl. About Derby, CD. Sutton-on-the-Hill ; near Tutbury ; Findern; 
Etwall, Gihhs. Near Sudbury, Painter, NatK Mickleover, Bindley. Markeaton, 
Glover. Shirley ; Longford ; Radbourn. 

T2. About Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Winshill, Gihhs. 

The plant with fully developed flowers is the usual one met with ; that with 
abortive petals occurring here and there. 



RANUNCULACEiE. 58 

R. acris L. Buttercup. Meadoiv Crowfoot. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, waysides. Common. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

The only form noticed is vulgatus Jord. 

R. repens l- Creeping Buttercup. 

Native. B. Waste places, roadsides, fields. Common. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

"Ascends to near the top [1,810 ft.] of Axe Edge," Rogers, J.B. 

R. bulboSUS L. Bulbous Buttercup. 

Native. BE. Meadows and pastures. Common. P. May-July. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

" In a meadow above Little Chester, where beautiful specimens with full 
double flowers may be found," Glover. 

R- SardoUS Crantz. R. hirsutu.s Curt. 7?. p/iilonotis Ehrh. Top. Bot. 
"Hewitt Cat." 

Native ? EB. Waste places, cultivated ground. Rare and local. A. 
June-Aug. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

Tl or T2. Derby, Hotvitt in Top. Bot. Not unfreqiient near Derby, 
Filkington. 

T3. Brizlincote, near Stapenhill, N.H. Tuth. Field on the way to Anchor 
Church, Rei)ton, Bept. F. <t- F. Calke, Bloxain. About Burton, Hlj. Mason ! 

R. parviflorus T.. 

Native? E. Dry waste ground. Very rare. A. June-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

T2. On the bank of the canal, near Borrowash, Glover. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Burton, Hb. Mason ! 

R. arvensis L. Com Croufoot. 

Native. E. Arable land. Not uncommon. A. June-Aixg. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

Gl. Near Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Matlock, Stevens. 

C. Cornfields near Barrow Hill, Chesterfield ; near The Hague, Renishaw, 
Waterfall. North Wingfield Dam, Coke in Filkington. Kirk Hallam ; Cutthorpe, 
Old Brampton. 

P. Bolsover ; Langwith ; near Shirebrook. 

Tl. Mickleover, Fainter, Nott. Bradley; Rodsley; Barton Park; Hilton 
Common ; Boyleston Old Hall ; near The Bent, Church Broughton ; Marston 
Montgomery. 

T2. Ockbrook ; Spondon, Hassi, CD. Breadsall, Whittaker, Plnjt. Near 
Trent Station ; Risley Park. 

T3. Ticknall Limeworks, Furrhas, J.B. Fields on Askew Hill, Wild Fl. 
Rep)t. Repton ; Burton, Hh. Mason ! 



54 RANUNCULACEiE. 

R. Ficaria L. Leaser Celandine. Fileivori. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, pastures. Common. P. March-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. The common form is var. divergens F.Sz., 
but good examples of var. incumhens F.Sz. occur at Shirley, Sudbury {J.G.W. in 
Tr. BiLrton), and doubtless elsewhere. The two varieties are connected by 
intermediate forms. 



CALTHA L. 

C- palustris L- Marsh Marigold. 

Native. B. Wet meadows, ditch-sides, osier-beds. Common, except on 
limestone. P. April-June. 

First record, FilJiington, 1789. Meadotv-houfs. 

L. Matlock and Dovedale ; rare, B. d- JV., J.B. Miller's Dale, Rogers, 
J.B. Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jewitt. Monk's Dale. 

Gl. Edale; Chapel-en-le-Frith, especially about the Reservoir. 

G2. Cromford Canal, Bogers, J.B. Blake Brook, near Baslow ; Kelstedge. 

C. Renishaw Canal, Waterfall. Millpond N.E. of Fritchley ; Horsley 
Gate ; Great Pond, Wingerworth ; Walton Wood ; Shirland ; Hardwick ; Pebley 
Pond. 

P. Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Bradley; Shirley; Longford; Cubley Brook; 
Radbourn ; Marston-on-Dove. 

T2. Breadsall Meadow, Glover. 

T3. Boggy plantations at Calke, and elsewhere, Piirchas, J.B. 

Var. GHeruitgerii (Bor.). 

Tl. Ash Cover, Bradley, B.E.C. Bej}. 1889, 244, and 1893, 398; Hollington, 
Longford; Brailsford Brook. Always occurring with the type, and distinguished 
from it mainly by the narrower non-contiguoiis sepals. 



TROLLIUS L. 

T. europseUS L. Globe I'loirer. 

Native. S. Sub-alpine pastures and copses on limestone. Rare. P. June- 
Aug. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Hill opposite the Railway Station, Miller's Dale, Bogers, J.B. Monsal 
Dale and Monk's Dale, West, J.B. Lover's Leap, Buxton, Green, CD. Via 
Gellia, Bowland, G.D. Demon's Dale, Taddington, Glover. Litton Dale, near 
Tideswell, E.G. Chee Tor; Brassington Rocks, Painter, J.B. Cressbrook 
Dale. 



RANUNCULACE.E. 55 

HELLEBORUS L. 

H. viridis L. Green Hellebore. 

Native. EG. Woods, hedges, jDastures, mostly on limestone. Rare and 
local. P. Feb.-May. 

First record, Pilldngtoiu 1789. 

L. Wormhill ; Lathkil Dale, Painter, J.B. Couksbury Bridge, and small 
valley opening into it, Carr. Doveside, Thorpe, Sm. MSS. Near Lea Hall Farm, 
Tissington (introduced?), and Wolfscote Hill; Matlock, Purchas. Ashwood 
Dale, Buxton Guide. Slopes west of Matlock Bath. 

P. Woodhouse, Bolsover, Waterfall, CD. 

T3. Established in woods at Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! 

This plant is frequently the remains of cultivation, as it had formerly a 
reputation for use amongst animals, and is still frequently to be seen in old 
farmhouse gardens. 

H. fcetiduS L. Stinking Hellebore. 

Native? EG. Woods, especially on limestone. Rare. P. Feb. -April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Bearsfoot. Setterwort. 

L. Abundant on the limestone rocks, Cromford, Whittaker, B.L. Bee. 1875, 
117. Bakewell, Painter, J.B. Rocks, Hartington Dale ; Matlock Bath, Purclias. 
Between Matlock Bath and Bonsall, Gibbs. 

G2. Cromford Moor; Dethick, Pilkington. 

C. Walls of Codnor Castle (probably the same plant gathered as H. viridis 
by Smith (CD.), but refei-red to this by Howitt in Watson's N.B.G.). 

Tl. Plantation, Mickleover, Bindley. 

*Eranthis hyemalis Salisb. Aconite. 

Alien. Parks, plantations, shrubberies. P. Feb. -April. 
First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Haddon Hall, naturalised, Crewe and Whittaker. 

T3. Reptou, Bept. F. £ F. Coppices and shrubberies at Cotou Hall, and 
Vicarage grounds, Stapenhill, N.H. Tutb. 

AQUILEGIA L. 

A. vulgaris L. Columbine. 

Native. EI. Woods and thickets. Local. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale ; Cressbrook Dale ; Bakewell, Painter, J.B. Ashwood 
Dale ; Miller's Dale, Green, C.D. Moorlands, Buxton, Garner. Limestone bank 
at Matlock Bath, perhaps not indigenous, B. tfc N., J.B. (this is recorded in 
Sm. Eng. F. as A. vulgaris, B. alpina). Via Gellia, Hb. Mason! At the back 
of Haddon Hall, Glover. Great Rocks Dale. 

P. Whitwell Wood, Gibbs ! Pleasley Park, Coke in Pilkington. Scarcliffe 
Park Wood, abundant. 

T3. Willington, probably an escape, Eej^t. F. <C- F. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. 
Calke Park, Bloxam (very rare and long extinct, Purchas). In a large wood 
at Foremark, N.H. Tutb. 



56 BERBERIDE^. NYMPH^ACE^. 

*Delphiniura Ajacis Rnchb. Larkspur. 
Alien. 
T3. Willington, W.G. in Tr. Burton. Eepton, Painter, NatK 

*Aconitum Napellus L- JfonLshood. 

Alien. AI. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Wormhill, West, J.B. Roadside, near Bradboiu-n Mill. 

G2. Woodland, Stanton Park, near main road. 

T3. On a shady bank alongside of Drakelow Brook, truly wild, N.H. Tutb. 



BERBERIDE/E. 

BERBERIS L. 

B, vulgaris i- Barberry. 

Native. E. Hedges. Local. S. May-June. 

First record, Pilkinf/ton, 1789. Pipperidgebush. 

C. Millhotises, near Sheffield, Painter, Nati. 

P. Near Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Tl. Hedges at Mackworth, Pilkington. Shirley. 

T2. Near the Church, Boulton, Whittake?; Pliijt. Near the Church, 
Morle.y, Whittaker, J.B. Breadsall, naturalised, Crewe and WJiittaker. 

T3. Calke Park, Bloxatn. Drakelow, J.T.H. in Tr. Burton. Winshill, 
N.H. Tutb. Bretby, probably planted, Gibbs in Tr. Burton. 



NYMPH/EACE/E. 

NYMPH^A L. 

N. lutea L. Yellow Wuter Lilij. 

Native. EB. Lakes, pools, rivers. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Chatsworth, Baker, J.B. Pools in Hassop Park. 

C. Renishaw Canal, Waterfall, CD. Canal near Kirk Hallam ; near 
Mastin Moor ; canal near Shipley Gate. Wingerworth, Pilkington. Hardwick, 
Glover. 

Tl. Ponds between Shirley and Osmaston. 

T2. Canal near Trent Lock ; Sawley ; near Sandiacre. Trent ponds, 
Pilkington. Breadsall Priory, Glover. 

T3. Old Trent, Repton, Wild. Fl. Bept. Swarkeston Meadow, Crewe and 
Whittaker. Drakelow, Noivers. Calke Park, Pu/rchas, J.B. Foremark, Hasse, 
CD. Bretby Ponds, Gibbs. Pond near canal at Egginton. 



NYMPH^ACE.E. PAPAVERACE^. 57 

CASTALIA SoU><b. 

C- Speciosa Salisb. White Wnter Lily. X[imphcea alba L. 

Native, though in many places introduced. B. Lakes, pools, rivers. Not 
common. P. Jiily-Aiig. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Ambergate, F. A. Lees, CD. Wigwell, near Wirksworth, Milnes, CD. 

C. Norton, Hb. Salt. Wingerworth ; West Hallam, Glover. Wingfield 
Pond; Hardwick Pond, Pilkington. 

Tl. Weston-upon-Trent, Atkinson, CD. 

T3. Calke Park, liejit. F. d- F. Trent near Burton; Decoy, Drakelow, 
B.G. and J.E.N, in Tr. Burton. Walton, N.H. Tiifb. Anchor Church Ponds, 
Glover. 



PAPAVERACE/E. 

PAP AVER L. 
*P. eomniferum l- Opium Poppy. 

Alien. Waste places. Very rare. A. June-July. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Near Bakewell, a garden escape. West, J. B. Quarry refuse, near Wood- 
seats, Cromford, Bailey, CD. Railway near Matlock Bridge, Stevens. 
T3. Stapenhill; Drakelow, E.B. and J.T.H. in Tr. Burton. 

p. I%h.(D6a/S L. Coinnwn Red Poppy. 

Native or Colonist. EB. Arable land. Not very common. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Whatstandwell, only seen once, B. and N., J.B. Bubnell, Baslow ; 
Chatsworth; by R. Derwent, near Little Eaton. 

C. About Chestei-field, Waterfall, CD. Sutton ; Sheepbridge ; near 
Hackeuthorpe ; Eckiugton ; near Beauchief Abbej' ; near Hardwick Wood ; 
Kirk Hallam ; Alfreton ; Barlborough. 

P. Clowne ; Houghton ; Bolsover ; Pleasley. 

Tl. About Derby, Painter, J.B. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Hulland. 

T2. About Trent Station; Long Eaton; Sawley Junction; Chaddesden, 
Pilkington. 

T3. Linton; Cauldwell, Painter, J.B. Cornfields near Calke, Purchas, J.B. 
Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. Burton ; Drakelow, Hh. Mason. 

Var. sfrigosHin (Boenn). 

Tl. Hulland, near the Knob. 

p. dubium i. 

Native or Colonist. B. Arable land, waste ground. Frequent. A. Junc- 
Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 



58 PAPAVERACE^. 

Var. Lamottei (Bor.), rainier, J.B., 1881. 

L. A sci-ap seen on a cliff in Monsal Dale, Baker, J.B. Stoney Middleton. 

G2. Duffield ; Baslow, Painter, J.B. Cultivated fields near Matlock, B. and 
N., J.B. Cromford Canal, Rogers, J.B. 

C. About Chesterfield, Waterfall, CD. Coal Aston ; Dale. 

P. Markland Grips ; Pleasley. 

Tl. Railwaj^ Mickleover, iJ('»fZZe?/. Hulland ; Shirley; Church Broughton ; 
near the " Spread Eagle," near Findern ; Chellaston. 

T2. "Stanhope Arms " sandpit, Ockbrook, Hasse, CD. Near Trent Station; 
Sawley Junction. 

T3. Linton ; Cauldwell, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Ft. liept. Ticknall 
Fields, rare, Purchas, J.B. Roadside, east of Egginton Common. 

Var. Zceoqii (Lam.). 

Gl. Casual in waste ground, Bamford Station. 

G2. Near Matlock, B. and N., J.B. 

P. Elmton, in crops ; Pleasley. 

Tl. Findern, Bindley. Dalebrook, near Sudbury. 

T2. Sparingly by the railway, S. of Trent Station ; near Dale. 

p. Argemone l. 

Native or Colonist. BE. Arable land. Rather rare. A. June- Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. Shirland. 

P. Pleasley. 

Tl. Field behind Copse Hill, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 
Hulland. 

T2. Morley; Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Near Trent Station. 

T3. Repton, Beitt. F. rf- F. Linton; Cauldwell, Painter, J.B. Ticknall 
Fields, rare, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hb. Mason. Calke, Bloxam. Between 
Drakelow and Stanton, N.H. Tutb. Coton, B.G. in Tr. Burton. 

*Meconopsis cambrica Ti[/- ird.-<h Poppy. 

Alien. AI. 

L. One Ash Grange, Youlgreave, remains of cultivation, CD. Heights 
of Abraham and other woods, Matlock Bath ; Bakewell, Crewe and Whittaker. 
T3. Stapenhill ; Burton, Hb. Mason. 

CHELIDONIUM L. 

C- majUS J- Greater Celandnu: 

Denizen. EB. Hedgebanks and waste jilaces near buildings. Frequent. 
P. May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkincjton, 1789. 

L. Over Haddon, Painter, J.B. Roadsides at Cromford and Matlock Bath, 
B. and N., J.B. Via Gellia, Rogers, J.B. Youlgreave, Gibbs. Dovedale, Nowers. 
Hopton ; Alport ; Brassington Rocks. 



PAPAVERACE^. FUMARIACE7E. 59 

G2. Shottle. Little Eaton, Pilhington. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. 

P. Bolsover, at Oxcroft. 

Tl. Stenson, near Derby, CD. Mickleover ; Etwall, Painter, NatK 
"Wyaston ; Hatton ; near Tutbury Station. Churchyard at Mackworth, Pilkington. 

T2. Morley; Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. and CD. Sandiacre. 

T3. Common about Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Milton and Ingleby, 
Hagger, CD. Calke Village, doubtless introduced, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gihhs. 
Eepton, Bept. F. d F. 



FUMARIACE/E. 

NBCKBRIA Scop. 

*N. lutea Scop. Yelbw Fiimitorij. Corydalis lutea DC. 

Alien. Old walls near houses. Rare. P. May-June. 

First record, Witliering, 1796. Fumaria lutea. 

L. Occasionally on walls as about Matlock Bridge Station, B. and N., 
J.B. Bonsall, Matlock Bath, etc., Phyt. N.S. 1858, 609. Wormhill, Painter, J.B. 
Near Youlgreave, Green, CD. Cromford ; Wirksworth, Gihhs. " First found 
in England bj' Mr. Howard, growing on old walls near Castleton," Withering. 
Snitterton. 

G2. Crich, Painter, J.B. Duffield, Watson's N.B.G. Milltown, near 
Ashover, Drahhle. 

C. Walton, near Chesterfield, Drahhle. 

T3. Walton Hall, E.B. in Tr. Burton. 

N. claviculata JV.F. Broim. CUiuhlny Fumitory. 

Corydalis claviculata D.C. Top. Bot. " J.E. Bowman MS." 

Native. BA. Woods and woody sides of streams, avoiding limestone. 
Local. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Fumana claviculata. 

G2. Birchover, PurcJias, J.B. Matlock, Watson's N.B.G. Ambergate ; 
Morley Moor, Painter, J.B. Alderwasley, Gihhs. Chatsworth, Hh. Mason ! 
Grindleford, Painter, Natt. Pincham's Hill, Belper. Dethick, Pilkingtori. 

C. Horsley Castle Wood, Hasse, CD. Breadsall Moor, Whittaker, Phyt. 
Barlow Lees ; Brierly Wood, Unstone ; Moor Lawn Coppice, Holymoorside ; 
Walton Wood. 

Tl. Shirley Wood, Smith MSS. Mugginton, Painter Nat'. Mansell Park, 
Hulland ; near Bradley Brook; Yeldersley. Quarndon Common, Glover. 



60 FUMARIACE/^. CRUCIFER^. 

PUMARIA L. 

p. pallidiflora Jord. F. caprcolata L. 

Colonist. B. Arable land. Rare. A. June. 

First record, Whittaker, 1847. 

L. Near the " Wishing Stone," Lumsdale, Drabble. 

T2. About Breadsall, rare, Whittaker, PJiyt. 

T3. Reptou, Painter, J. B. (1888) ! 

P. oflQcinalis L. Fumitory. 

Colonist. B. Cultivated land, gardens, &c. Frequent. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, B. and N., J.B. 

Gl. Waste ground, Bamford Station. 

G2. Near Haddon, Baker, J.B. Near Grindleford Bridge, at Stokemoor 
Wood. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Norton, Painter, NatK Kirk Hallam ; 
Shirland. 

P. Cresswell ; Pleasley ; Clowne ; near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Common about Derby, CD. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley; Longford 
Hall ; Church Broughton ; Etwall ; Allestree ; Blackwell. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe and Whittaker. Shardlow. 

T3. Cultivated ground at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 
Egginton Common. 



CRUCIFER/E. 

CHEIRANTHUS /• 
C. Cheiri i. ind/jfoim: 

Denizen. Old walls. Rare. P. May-June. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Cromford, Sogers, J.B. Matlock, Stevens. Haddon Hall, Crewe and 
Whittaker. 

G2. Old Quarries at Crich, Milnes, CD. 

C. Wingfield Manor, Milnes, CD. Codnor Castle. 

Tl. Old walls, Derby, Pilkington. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

NASTURTIUM L. 

N. officinale L. Water Cress. 

Native. B. Slow streams, wet places. Frequent. P. May-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Sisymbrium nasturtium. 

L. Wormhill, 400 yds.. West, J.B. Via Gellia, Eogcrs, J.B. Bradwell, 
Painter, Natl. Buxton, Ashwood Dale, Jeuitt. Brook Bottom, Tideswell. 



CRUCIFERiE. 



61 



Gl. Torside Clough, near Crowden ; Hague Bar, New Mills ; Edale ; 
Tarden, near Mellor. 

G2. Abney Clough ; near Hathersage ; Calver ; Kelstedge. 

C. About Reuishaw, Waterfall. Near West Hallam Station; Kirk Hallam ; 
Denby ; Alfreton ; Ault Hucknall. 

P. Markland Grips ; Harlesthorpe, near Clowne ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Derby, CD. Mickleover ; Radbourn, Painter, Nat^. Shirley ; Marston 
Montgomery ; Barton Park ; Markeaton ; Sinfin Moor. 

T2. Ockbrook, Basse, CD. Breadsall, Crewe and Whittaker. Chellastou, 
Painter, NatK Sandiacre ; Sawley. . 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Purclias, J.B. Bretby, Gihhs. Old Trent, Wild 
Fl. Bept. By the brook, Egginton. 

Var. siifoUifiH (Reichb.). 

Tl. Daiebrook, near Sudbury. 

Var. DiicrophyUuiH (Reichb.). 

Tl. Shirley Wood, by the brook. 

N. silvestre R.Br. 

Native. E. By streams and in damp places. Rather rare. A. June- 
Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Cromford, Drabble. 

C. Shipley, Watson's N.B.G. Beighton. 

T2. Old bed of R. Derwent, Derby, Painter, J.B. Breadsall, Whittaker, 
Phyt. Abundant by the Trent and R. Erewash, near Long Eaton. 

T3. Banks of R. Trent, Rei)t. F. d- F. Ingleby, N.H. Tilth. 

N. palustre IJC. Yellow Cress. K. terrestre R.Br. 

Native. BE. Sides of streams, wet places. Local. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Stream near Buxton, 350 yds.. Baker, J.B. Near the stream in Cromford 
Dale, B. d- N., J.B. Via Gellia, Bailey, CD. Miller's Dale; Matlock Bath, 
Rogers, J.B. Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. Near the Reservoir, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. Tarden, near 
Mellor. 

C. Eckington Road, near Chesterfield, Waterfall, CD. Birleyhay ; 
Ault Hucknall. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Fostou ; ipond side between Wyaston and 
Shirley. 

T2. Borrowash, Basse, CD. Breadsall, Crewe and Whittaker. Thrumpton 
Ferry. 

T3. Newton Solney, Harris, CD. Calke, Bloxam. Old Trent, Wild Fl. 
Bept. Burton, Hb. Mason! Drakelow. 



62 CRUCIFER.E. 

N. amphibiura R.Br. 

Native. E. Streams, ditches, watery places. Not uncommon. P. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

62. Cromford Canal at Whatstandwell, B. <& N., J.B. Matlock, Stevens. 
Ambergate. 

C. New Stanton. 

Tl. Canal, Pindern, Painter, Naft. 

T2. Thrumpton, Hasse, CD. Old bed of R. Derwent, Derby, Painter, 
J.B. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Canal side near Chaddesden ; Sandiaore ; 
near Long Eaton. 

T3. Stapenhill, Painter, J.B. Willington ; sides of ponds at Calke, Purchas, 
J.B. Old Trent, Swarkeston, Hasse, CD. Canal side near Egginton, Gihhs. 
Drakelow. 



BARBAREA B.Br. 

B. vulgaris R.Br. IJ'intcr Cress. YtUuiv Rocket. 

Native. BE. Stream sides, ditches, moist places. Frequent. B. May- 
July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. Sisynthrinni harharea. 

L. Miller's Dale; Monsal Dale; Lovers' Walk, Matlock Bath, Baker, J.B., 
and B. & N., J.B. Stony Middleton, The Naturalist. Brassington ; Youlgreave, 
Gibbs. R. Wye, Ashford ; Bradwell. 

Gl. Near Hathersage. 

G2. Ashover, The Naturalist. R. Derwent, near Little Eaton ; Eccles- 
bouru Brook. 

C. Beighton, The Naturalist. Limb Brook, near Dore Station ; by the 
canal, Killamarsh. 

Tl. About Derby, CD. Findern ; Hilton, Gibbs. Mickleover, Bindley. 
Shirley ; Brailsford ; Cubley ; Markeaton ; Windley. 

T2. Borrowash, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, &c., Crewe and Whittaker. 
Thrumpton Ferry ; R. Erewash, near Long Eaton. 

T3. Side of pond in Gill's Park, Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Newton Soluey, 
Gibbs. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Drakelow. 

B, intermedia Borcau. 

Colonist. E. Arable land. Rare. B. May-June. 

First record, CD. Apijendix, 1889. 

Tl. Several fields in Yeldersley and Sturston, near Ashbourne. 

This plant has been referred both to B. vulgaris and to B. prcBcox (see 
B.E.C. Repp. 1889, 244, and 1895, 468). It agrees, however, very closely with 
plants named as above by Continental authorities. 



CRUCIFERiE. 63 

*B. prseCOX H-Br. American Cress. 

Alien. "Waste ground. Local and rare. B. May-July. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

Tl. Shirley village. 

T3. Winshill, Harris, CD. Calke, .V.H. Tutb. 

ARABIS 1. 

A. hirSUta Scop. Hmnj Ituck Cress. A. sagittata DC. 

Native. B. Rocks, walls, dry ]3laees. Locally abundant. B. June-Aiig. 

First record, Ray. Cat. 1670. " TJiyon the walls of the Church of Ashburn 
in the Peak." 

L. " Common on walls and cliffs of limestone rocks wp to 400 j'ds. at Peveril 
Castle," Baker, J.B. Freqiient iip to 250 yds. at Matlock, B. & N.. J.B. Lovers' 
Leap, Buxton ; Miller's Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Via Gellia ; Bonsall, Rogers, J.B. 
Cromford ; Lathkil Dale ; Brassington Rocks ; Middleton Dale ; Youlgreave ; 
Long Dale, near Newhaven, Gibbs. Haddon, BindJeij. Alsop-en-le-dale, Gisborne. 
Dovedale, Nowers. Bradwell ; Great Hucklow. 

Gl. Between Whaley Bridge and Chapel Reservoir, Barker. Baniford 
Station. 

G2. Roadside near Fox House, TJie Naturalist. Hathersage ; Heathy Lea, 
Baslow ; Fallgate, Ashover. 

P. Markland Grips ; Cresswell Crags. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe and Whittaker. 

*A. albida Wee. Alien. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. High Tor, Matlock Bath, Painter, Natt. Cromford. 
This plant, a recent escape, has in the last twelve years inci-eased enormously 
over the rocks in the neighbourhood of Matlock Bath. 

A. perfoliata I^am. Toner Cress. Turrifis ylahra L. 

Native. EG. Dry hedge banks. Local. B. May-June. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

L. Dovedale; Castleton, Purton. Matlock, near the entrance to the 
Cumberland Cavern, Glover. Between Ashbourne and Okeover, Pilkington. 

Tl. Near Shirley Vicarage, Fitzherbert in Smith MSS. 

T3. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Banks between Ticknall and Hartshorne, 
and between Ticknall and Milton, Purchas, J.B. Roadsides, Rejjt. F. d- F. 
Bretby, N.B.G. Supx>le7nent . 

CARDAMINE L. 

C, amara L. Bitter Cress. 

Native. BG. River-sides, brooks, pools. Frequent. P. April-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Near Bakewell, Green, CD. Via Gellia, Painter, J.B. Plentiful in 
various parts of the Dove, Purchas, J.B. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Buxton, Ashwood 
Dale, Jeicitt. Haddon ; Cromford, Painter, Nat^. 



64 CRUCIFER.E. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood; Mellor, Fl. Ashton. Derwent Dale; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage, 600 feet. 

G2. Near Ashover, Bailey, CD. Between Duffield and Ireton, Painter, 
NatK Shottle and Ecclesbourne Brook ; Abney Clough. 

C. Shipley, Watso7i's N.B.G. Birleyhay, near Eckington, TJie Naturalist. 
Eenishaw Canal, Waterfall. Caldwell Valley, near Dronfield, Drabble. 

Tl. Kedleston, Painter, J.B. Mackworth, Painter, Nat*. Sutton-on-the- 
Hill, Gibbs. Hilton, Hb. Mason ! Hulland ; Black Brook, Mugginton ; Quarndon 
Common ; Shirley ; near Alkmonton. Siddals, near Derby ; RoTjgh Heanor, 
Pilhington. Markeaton Brook, Glover. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phrjt. Banks of R. Derwent, Borrowash, 
Hasse, CD. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Milton, Hagger, CD. About the 
margins of ponds in Calke Park, and on the banks of Springwood Brook, 
Pnrchas, J.B. Bretby Mill, Gibbs. Old Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

C. pratensis L. Ladifs Smock, Cuckoo Flower. 

Native. B. Meadows, fields, roadsides. Common. P. April-June. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

Generally distributed throughout the County. Common up to 500 yds. at 
Buxton, Baker, J.B. Matlock, 350 yds., B. d- N., J.B. A form with dentate 
leaflets occurs occasionally, as at Hulland Moss. 

C hirsuta X- Hairy Bitter Cress. 

Native. B. Walls, banks, dry places. Common ? A. March-Sept. 

First record, Martyn in Phil. Trans. XXXVI., 1729. Cardamine inipatiena 
altera hirsutior. 

Generally distributed. 

C. fleXUOSa IFit/i. C. silmticfi Link. 

Native. B. Damp shad}' places, woods, ditches. Common. A. April- 
July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. C parviflora. 

L. Miller's Dale; Matlock, B. <& N., J.B. Buxton, Bogers, J.B. About 
Dovedale, Purchas. Scow Brook, Hognaston ; Ashford. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers, J.B. Stirrup Wood, Painter, J.B. Derwent 
Dale; OUerbrook, Edale. 

G2. Milltown, Ashover, B.L. Bee. 1881, 184. Abney Clough; Froggatt; 
Beeley; Shottle. 

C. Near Renishaw, Waterfall, CD. Barlow Brook, S. Normanton, 
Pilkington. 

Tl. Mackworth, Painter, J.B. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley; Barton 
Blount ; Cubley Brook ; Marston-on-Dove ; Radbourn ; Etwall. 

T2. Breadsall, Painter, NalK 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. Calke Village, 
Purchas. 



CEUCIFER^. 65 

C. impatiens L. 

Native. I. Woods, dales, river-banks (brought down from the dales). 
Bare off the limestone. A. May-June. 

First records. Withering, 1776; Huds. Fl. Aug., 1778; Gough's Camden, and 
Filkingtcm, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Smiih, CD. Cromford Dale, and other limestone woods, 
B. d- N., J.B. Middleton Wood, Hb. Mason ! Buxton, Buxton Guide. Near 
Lomberdale Hall, between Middleton and Youlgreave, Purchas. Chee Dale ; 
Lathkil Dale ; Via Gellia ; Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B., and Natt. Miller's Dale, 
Barrow. Cressbrook Dale ; Taddington Dale. 

G2. Ecclesbourn Brook, between Shottle and Duffield ; R. Derwent, near 
Little Eaton. 

C. Langley Mill, Watson's N'.B.G. 

Tl. By E. Dove, near Clifton. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phijt. 

T3. Bretby, Painter, J.B. 

*C. bulbifera R.Br. Coralwort. Benfaria bulbifera L. 
Alien. EG. 
Gl. Near the Goyt, between Marple and Strines, Barker. 

*Alys8um incanum L. Casual. 

C. Dunn's Hall, near Dale, Hasse, CD. 

*A. calycinum I'- Casual. 

Tl. Yeldersley, near Ashbourne. 



DRABA L. 

D. muralis X. Speedwcll-leared Whiflow-ffrass. Top. Bot. "J.E. Bow- 
man sp." 

Native. IL. Limestone rocks and slopes. Locally plentiful. A. April- 
May. 

First record, J. Petiver, 1711. Germander Whitlowgrass. " Mr. Thos. Pool 
of Nottingham, a curious Botanist, has observed it about Cromford in Derby- 
shire." 

L. Ashwood Dale, and near Haddon Hall, Green, CD. Chee Dale, 300 yds., 
and Miller's Dale, West, J.B. Alport, Gibbs. Via Gellia; Matlock Bath; 
Hartingtou, Painter, J.B. Peveril Castle, Pliijt. K.S. 1858, 481. Cave Dale, 
Drabble. Aboiit J-mile from Cover (Calver) towards Bakewell, Hb. Salt. Elden 
Hole, Watson's N.B.G. Parwich, Glover. Near Monyash ; Cressbrook Dale; 
Parkhouse Hill; Dowel Dale. 

G2. Stanton, Carr. On wall of lane from Baslow to Hassop. 
F 



66 CRUCIFER^. 

D. incana L- Top. Bot. "Wardale sp."| 

Native. H. Limestone rocks. Rare. P. Jime-July. 

First record, Pnrton, 1821. 

L. Lover's Leap ; near Harper Hill, Buxton, Green, CD. Miller's Dale ; 
Monk's Dale ; Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B. Between Peak Forest and Tideswell, 
Barker. Great Rocks Dale ; near Blackwell Mill. 

EROPHILA DC. 

Ej. vulgaris J^C. Whlthw-gras.''. Braba vcnia L. 

Native. B. Walls, rocks, dry places. Common on limestone and frequent 
in most parts of the County. A. March-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Buxton Guide. Bakewell, Barrow. Youlgreave, Gihhs. 
Dovedale, Purchas. Wensley Dale; Via Gellia ; Bradwell; Castleton, The 
Winnatts ; Brassington Rocks ; Carsington Pastures. 

Gl. Along the old road, near Goyt's Moss. 

G2. Lea Mills, Gihhs. Eyam Moor ; by Robin Hood Inn, and near Far End, 
Baslow ; near Wrag's Quarry, above Rowsley ; roadside above Darley Moor. 

C. Dale, Hasse, CD. 

P. Gresswell Crags; Markland Grips, near Clowne, Waterfall, CD. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Burnaston, Bindley. Birchwood Park, and 
Boston; near Markeaton Brook, below Quarndon. Normanton, Pilkington. 
Wall surrounding Mackworth Churchyard, Glover. 

T2. Walls, Boulton, near Derby, CD. Shacklecross, Hasse, CD. Bread- 
sail, &c., common, Crewe and Whittaker. Canal bank, Trent Lock. Pinxton, 
Pilkington. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Wall above Crewe's Pond, Repton, Bejd. F. d F. 
Southwood Farm ; Ticknall Quarries ; Melbourne, Purchas. Roadside east of 
Egginton Common. 

Var. brachycarpa Jordan. E. prcccox DC. B.L. Rec. 1877, 208. 

L. Top of Ravensdale, Searle, CD. Near Litton Mill, Bailey, CD. 
Monsal Dale ; Miller's Dale, Carr, CD. 

Var. dotocarpa (Jord.). 

L. Brassington Rocks, B.E.C. Rep. 1901, 621. 

E. inflata Hook, jil. 

Native. H. Rocks and rocky ground in limestone dales. Rare. A. 
May-July. 

First record. The Flora. 

L. Dovedale, occurring with the type and closely agreeing with Scotch 
specimens ; occasionally tending to pass into the type as the Ben Lawers 
plant does. 

G2. Birchen Edge, near Baslow. 



CRUCIFERiE. 07 

COCHLEARIA L. 
C. alpina H.C. If'ats. ScKrvn-grass. Top. Bot. " alpina ? " 

Native. B. Limestone rocks. Rare. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Parkinson, 1640. 

L. Wirksworth, Painter, J.B. The Winuatts, and Peveril Castle, Baker, 
J.B. Stoney Middleton, Watson's N.B.G. Snitterton, near Matlock {C. officinalis), 
Crewe and Whittalier, Bradwell Dale, Painter, NatK Pin Dale, near Castleton. 

This plant, considered by Mr. Baker (J.B.) to be intermediate between 
litforalis and aljiina, in cultivation becomes very nearly typical alpina. 

•'C. Armoracia i^. Horserariisk. 

Alien. 

L. Via Gellia, an occasional sti-ay from cottage gardens, B. ti; N., J.B. 
About Castleton. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phijt., 1847. 
T3. Near Repton, J.E.y. in Tr. Burton. 

■Hesperis matronalis L- Dame's Violet. 

Denizen. Waste places, banks of streams. Rare. B. May-July. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Green, CD. Wormhill, West Jun , CD. Near Ashford, 
Whittaker, J.B. In a field by the roadside between Castleton and Eyam, Mag. 
Nat, Hist. Dove Bank, Thorpe, Nowers. Miller's Dale ; Chee Dale, Painter, 
J.B. and CD. 

G2. Banks of the Derwent at Matlock, Bot. Guide. Roadside above 
Edensor near to a farmhouse, Watson's N.B.G. Milltown, near Ashover, Drahhle. 



SISYMBRIUM /.. 

S. Thalianum ./. Gay. ^U-abis Thaliana L. 

Native. B. Walls, dry banks, sandy fields. Local. A. April-May. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Near Lover's Leap, Buxton, 350 yds., Rogers. Lathkil Dale, The 
Naturalist. Wirksworth; Brassington; Youlgreave, Gibbs. Alport, Can: 
Matlock Bath ; Cromford ; Dovedale, Painter, Nat^. 

G2. Gritstone walls at Matlock Bridge, B. <& N., J.B. On a wall at Stanton ; 
walls at Little Eaton. 

Tl. About Derby, CD. Sutton-on-the-Hill, Gibbs. Mickleover, Bindleg. 
Kirk Langley; between Shirley and Ednaston. Wall round Mackworth Church- 
yard, Glover. 

T2. Sandiacre, Hasse, CD. By Trent Station, Carr. Breadsall, Creive and 
Whittaker. Spondon. 

T3. Dry banks on millstone grit at Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. Anchor 
Church ; Ingleby ; Bretby and Greysich, Gibbs. Cricket-field walls, Repton, 
Wild Fl. Rept. 



138 CRUCIFERiE. 

S. officinale Scop. Cominon Hedge Mustard. 

Native. B. Hedge-sides, waste places. Common. A. Jnne-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Erysimum officinale. Bank Cresses. 
Scrambling Rocket. 

Common throughout the County, except perhaps in the extreme north. " Up 
to 300 yds. about Matlock," B. d N., J.D. " Rare on limestone," Purchas. 

*S. Sophia L. Flioc-weed. 

Casual. BE. Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. 

Tl. Markeaton Hill, on the road to Ashbourne, near Derby, Pilkington. 

T2. On rubbish between Derby and Shardlow, Glover. 

T3. Garden weed at Ticknall, Purchas, J.D. 

*S. Irio L. 

Casual. EL. Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Wingfield Manor, Pilkington. 

T3. Road between Burton and Ashby when first made, N.H. Tilth. 

S. AUiaria Scop. Hedge Garlic. Jack-by-thc-hedge. Sauce alone. 

Native. BE. Hedges, road-sides, waste ground. Common. B. April- 
June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Common throughout the County. " Very fine in the limestone woods," 
B. d: N., J.B. 

ERYSIMUM L. 

B. cheiranthoides L. Treaclc-mustard. 

Colonist. E. Arable land, damp ground. Rai-e. A. June-Sept. 

First record, i?«(/. Gat., 1670. " Projye Aslihurn oppidiim in Pecco Derhiensi 
dicto." 

P. Casual, near Pleasley Station. 

Tl. Cultivated ground, Mickleover, Paiiiter, Nott. 

T'2. Banks of R. Derwent at Draycott, Hasse, G.D. Derby, Pilkington. 

*Catnelina sativa Crantz. 

Alien. Pilkington, 1789. Myagrum sativum. Gold of Pleasure. 

C. Heanor, Watson's N.B.G. 

Tl. Normanton, Pilkington. 

T-2. Cornfields occasionally at Breadsall, Crewe and, Whittaker. 

BRASSICA L. 

B. NapilS L. Rape. B. campestris Syme. 

Colonist. E. Sides of fields, waste places. Rare. A. or B. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

T2. Borrowash, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, Crewe and Whittaker. 

T3. Askew Hill, Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. Calke, Bloxam. 



CKUCIFER^. 69 

B. Rapa L. Wild Turmp. 

Colonist or Native. E. On river banks. Locally alnmdant. B. Ajiril- 
May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley ; a frequent colonist up to 450 yards, Baker, J.B. A common 
weed of cultivated grotind up to 300 yards about Matlock. Forms with both lemon- 
yellow and orange-yellow flowers, B. <£• N., J.B. Miller's Dale, Rogers. 

T3. Burton, Hh. Mason. 

Var. silvesiri.s H.C. Wats. 

L. Dovedale, Painter, J.B. R. Wye, Bake well, Fiuxhas. By the Henmoor 
Brook, Corley. 

G2. Ecclesbourn Brook, near DufSeld ; R. Derwent, near Little Eaton. 

C. Bank of R. Rother, near Eckington Station, Waterfall. Beighton. 

Tl. Clifton {B.E.C. Sep., 1895, 469); Doveridge ; banks of R. Dove about 
Tutbury and Marston. 

T2. Morley, Painter, J.B. Breadsall, Crewe and Whittaker. Side of 
railway and R. Derwent near Borrowash ; Thrumpton Ferry; Long Eaton; 
Sawley. 

Var. Biif/f/sii H.C. Wats. 
P. Pleasley. 

B. SinapioideS Roth. Black Mustard, Simipis nigra L. 

Native. E. Ai-able land, river banks. Rather rare. A. June- Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. R. Derwent, Matlock Bridge, B. & N., J.B. 

Tl. Between station and Church, Norbury ; Copse Hill, Osmaston-by- 
Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Holliugton, near Longford. 

T2. Breadsall, frequent, Crewe and Whittaker. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

T3. Waste ground, Repton, Wild Fi. Bept. 

B. Sinapistrum Buix.s. ahm-lovh. Wild Mustard. Sinapis urvensi.s L. 
Brassica Sinapis V. 

Native. B. Arable land. Very common. A. May-Aug. 
First recoi'd, Pilkington, 1789. 
A common weed up to 450 yards. Baker, J.B. 

B. alba Bois.s. Uliite Mustard. Sinapi.s alba L. 

Colonist. EB. Arable land. Rare. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Occasional straggler from gai-dens at Matlock. B. <fc N., J.B. 

G2. Field at Kelstedge. 

Tl. Cornfield, Mickleover, Bindleg. 

T2. Waste ground near Ockbrook Church, Smith MSS. Breadsall, &c., 
common, Crewe and Whittaker. 

T3. Waste ground. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Cauldwell, P.B.M. in Tr. 
Burton. 



70 CRUCIFER^. 

DIPLOTAXIS DC. 

D. muralis DC. Wall Rocket. 

Deiiizeu. E. Waste ground. Rare. A. or B. July-Sej^t. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Castleton, Drabble. 

T3. Willington, Hb. Mason! Stapeuhill, N.H. Tutb. 



CAPSELLA Jiocm/,. 

C. Bursa- Pastoris Moonh. Skpplicrd's P/(r.s-r. Bursa Bnr.vi-I'astorh 

Weber. 

Native. B. Waysides, waste and cultivated land, &c. Everywhere 
common. A. March-Nov. 

First record, Pilkmgto)i, 1789. Tlihispi Barsa-pasturi.'i. 

Varies according to soil and situation in leaves and shape of capsule. 



CORONOPUS Ji»PP. 

[C. didymUS •^'w- Lesser JJ'art Cress. Se/iebierif Pers. 
Casual. AE. 
T2. Garden weed at Hillside, (X'kbrook, Smith MSS.] 

C. Ruellii ^iff. Common Wart Cress. 

Native. E. Waste places, road-sides. Not common. A. May-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

G2. Duffield, Glover. 

C. Between Alfreton and Shirland. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK 

T2. Settlement Hill, Ockbrook, Smith. MSS. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phrjt. 
Sawley ; about Trent Lock ; Great Wilne. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Stapeuhill, Harris, CD. Calke, 
Bloxam. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



LBPIDIUM r.. 

L. campestre li.Br. Field Peppcruort. 

Native. BE. Arable land. Local. B. June-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Matlock Bath, Painter, Natt. 

C. Dale; Stanton, Jfas.se, CD. 

Tl. Fields between Yeldersley and Brailsford. 

T2. Ockbrook, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, on gravel, Whittaker. Phijt. 

T3. Cauldwell, Harris, CD. Calke, Pnrrhas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bept. Breach Farm, Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! 



CRUCIFER.E. 71 

[Li. hirtum '^'»- ^- SmithU Hook. 

Casual. BE. Field borders, hedge banks. Very local and rare. P. 
June-Ang. 

Tl. Once seen on arable land at Charity Farm, Wyastou, Miss San(lford.'\ 

[L, Draba L. 

Casual. 

C. In some plenty at Stanton, Carr.'] 



THLASPI L. 

T. arvense L. Penny Cress. 

Colonist. B. Arable land, waste ground. Local. A. May-July. 

First record, Crewe and WJiittaker, 1864. 

T2. Cornfields, Morley, WJiittaker, CD. Breadsall, Crewe and WJiittaker. 

T3. Brizlincote; Bretby, J.T.H. in Tr. Burton. Stapenhill, Painter, J.B. 

T. alpestre L. 

Native. HI. Limestone rocks and walls. Locally abundant. A. June- 
Aug. 

First records, WitJiering, 1776 ; Huds.Fl. Ang., 1778; Gouglt's Camden, 1789 
T. montanum, 

Var. silvestre (Jord. ). Raceme and pedicels long, notch deep, style short. 
L. By the Bradford, Youlgreave, B.L. Bee. 1874, 53 (T. virens). 

Var. virens (Jord.). 

L. High Tor, Matlock Bath, 150-250 yards, always associated with Avenaria 
verna on the debris of the lead-mines, B. & N ., J.B. Wirksworth ; Via Gellia, 
Painter, J.B. Bonsall ; Cromford, Uowland, CD. Dean Hollow, Gibbs. Castle- 
ton, Purton. Alport ; wood between Matlock Bridge and Brightgate ; slopes near 
Wensley. 

This plant has the notch of the silicule shallow, with a long style. Specimens 
from Lyons named by Jordan have shorter raceme and larger flowers, but agree 
in pouch and style, PJigt., 1853, 934. 

*Iberis amara />• Bitter Candytuft. 

Casual. G. WJiittaker, 1847. 

L. Railway bank, Monsal Dale, Britten, J.B., 1870. Cressbrook Dale, 
Sunderland ! 

Tl. Fields, Yeldersley, near Ashboui-ne. 

T2. Sandy field by the Derwent, near Breadsall. not rare, WJiittaker, 
PJiyt. 



72 CRUCIFER.E. RESEDACEiE. 

TEESDALIA R.Br. 
T. nudicaulis It .Br. 

Native. BE. Dry banks, heaths. Rare and local. A. May-June. 
First record, Glover, 1829. Top. Bot., 57, Derby. " Howitt Cat." 
L. Middleton Dale, Glover. 
P. The entry for Markland Grips in CD. was an error. 

HUTCHINSIA R.Br. 

H. petrsea R.Br. Mountain Peppericort or Diff finder. 

Native. IL. Limestone rocks. Locally abundant. A. March-May. 
First record, Gisborne, 1793. (Withering, 1801. Lepidium p)etrceum..) 
L. Chee Dale, 300 yards. West, J.B. Miller's Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Beresford Dale, Smith M8S. Ashwood Dale, Hb. Mason.' Deep 
Dale, near Buxton, Barker. Lover's Leap, Green, CD. Lime rocks, opposite 
Beresford Hall (Fenny Bentley), Watson's JV.B.G. Cressbrook Dale ; Litton. 

*Isatis tinctoria X. Wond. 

T3. Casual, Willington, J.T.H. in Tr. Burton. 

RAPHANUS i. 
R. Raphanistrum />. fJ'iM Sadish. 

Colonist, B. Arable land. Rather rare. A. May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton ; Via Gellia, Rogers. Rare about Matlock, only the form with 
bright yellow flowers like those of a Sinapis seen, B. & N., J.B. Eyam, Drabble. 

Gl. Charles worth, Wliitelegg, CD. 

G2. Near Bramley, Hassop, Gem of the Peak. Chatsworth. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Unstone ; Tibshelf. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Pleasley. 

Tl. Between Etwall and Willington, Painter, Nat^. Mickleover, Bindleij. 
About Egginton Station ; Hulland. Derby, Pilkington. 

T2. About Sawley Junction. 

T3. Stapenhill, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 



RESEDACE/E. 

RESEDA L. 

R. lutea L. Wild Mignonette. Baxe Roeket. 

Native. EG. Dry waste ground, arable land. Rare. B. June-July. 

First record, Olover, 1829. 

Gl. Bank near Bamford Station. 



KESEDACE.E. CISTINE.i:. 73 

G2. Ill a meadow by the side of the Derwent, Glover. Bull Bridge, near 
Ambergate, Watson's N.B.G. Road between Rowsley and Bakewell, Drahhle. 
C. Near Killamarsh Station. 

T2. Spondon ; banks of the Derwent, near Stoiiej- Cross, Hasse, CD. 
T3. Drakelow, Noioers. 



R. Luteola L. Dyns' Weed. Weld. 

Native. BE. Dry banks, walls. Rather rare. B. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Limestone quarries in Matlock Dale, 
B. S N., J.B. Mine heaps about Alport, Carr. Below Lathkil Dale, Miss Fenton. 

G2. Cromford Canal, Rogers. Pincham's Hill, Belper ; Ambergate; Ash- 
over. Duffield, Pilkington. 

C. Staveley Works, about slag-heaps, Waterfall . Railway, West Hallam, 
Bindley. Codnor Park Station ; Beighton. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Steetley, Whitwell, Painter, NatK 

Tl. Allestree, Pilkington. 

T2. Near Aston, Hasse, CD. Waste ground, Breadsall, Ci-ewe and 
Whittaker. 

T3. Ticknall Quarry, Wild Fl. Rept. Bretby ; old quarry, Stantou-by- 
Bridge, Painter, J.B. Burton, Hh. Mason! 



CISTINE/E. 

HBLIANTHEMUM IMI. 

H. Chamsecistus MUI. Hock Rose. H. nthjare Gaertn. 

Native. BE. Dry slopes and roadsides on limestone. Abundant locally. 
P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Cistus helianthe)niiin. 

L. Buxton, one of the commonest species of the limestone cliffs, 200-400 yards. 
Baker, J.B. Up to the Heights of Abraham, 350 yards, B. d- N., J.B. Miller's 
Dale to Monsal Dale ; Bonsall, Rogers, Lathkil Dale ; Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. 
Dovedale, occasionally with an orange spot at the base of the petals, Purchas. The 
Winnatts, Castleton ; Carsington Pastures ; Bradwell ; Ashford ; Longstone Edge. 
Middleton Dale, Pilkington, 

G2. Ashover, Pilkitigton. 

P. Cresswell Crags, Gibbs. Bolsover ; Clowne ; Elmton; stonepit. White- 
brick Moor, Whitwell. 



74 VIOLARIE^. 

VIOLARIE/E. 

VIOLA L. 

V. palustris L. Bof/ Violet. 

Native. B. Bogs, marshes. Frequent. P. April-June. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Painter, J.B. Near the Reservoir, Buxton, Rogers, J.B. 

Near Combes Moss, CD. Kinderscout, FL Ashton. Near the Snake Inn ; 
Stanage Edge ; near Crowdeu Reservoir ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; R. Sett, S. of 
Hayfield. 

G2. Burbage Edge, CD. Tansley J\Ioor, B. d- N., J.B. Proggatt. 

C. Horsley Car, Painter, J B. Totley Moss ; Moorhole, near Hackenthorp ; 
Moor Lawn Coppice, Holymoorside, 

Tl. AllestveeV&vk, Whittaker,Phyt. ShivleyyVood, Smith MSS. Yeldersley; 
by Bradley Brook. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bejjt. Sides of Springwood Brook, Calke ; also 
bog near Foremark Park, Purcha.^, J.B. Ticknall, Hh. Mason ! 



V. odorata />. Surrt Vioht. 

Native. E. Hedge banks. Local and frequent. P. March- April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale, but only near houses, Rogers, J.B. Once seen at the top of 
Bonsall, near a farmhouse, B. d N., J.B. Cromford, Gibbs. Matlock, Stevens. 
Dovedale, Purchas. Lathkil Dale, near Alport, Carr. Carsington ; Hopton. 

G2. Near Rowsley, Gibbs. Hathersage ; Idridgehay. 

C. About Renishaw. Waterfall. Breadsall Moor, Basse, CD. Near Norton, 
Painter, Nat'. 

P. Bolsover ; Clowne ; Pleasley Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindleij. Shirley ; HolUngton ; Snelston ; Cubley ; Dalbury ; 
near Thurvaston Stoop ; Longford ; Barton Blount. 

T2. Morley, Painter, J.B. Canal side, near Borrowash. 

T3. Common about Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Between Repton and 
Newton, Wild Fl. Rept. Linton, Hb. Mason ! Calke, Bloxaui. Ticknall, Purchas. 

F. alba (Lange). 

L. Lathkil Dale, near Alport, Carr. 
C. Near Norton, Fainter, NatK 
P. Scarcliffe Park Wood. 
T2. M.or\ey, Painter, J.B. 

T6. About Burton-on-Trent ; \\e\^toi\. Painter, J.B. Bretby ; Newton, Z?e^t. 
F. d F. 



VIOLARIE^. 75 



"V. hirta L. Hcdn/ Violet. 



Native. EG. Hedge banks, hill slopes, mostly on limestone. Local. P. 
March- May. 

First found, Salt, 1801. Rh. Salt. First record, Purton, 1817. 

L. Chee Dale, Green, CD. Miller's Dale ; Taddington Wood ; Via Gellia ; 
Dovedale, £nA-e9- and ^. <&N.,J.B. Cromford; Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B. Near 
Buxton, Purton. Brassiugton Rocks, Gibbs, Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Great 
Rocks Dale. 

G2. Ashover, Bailey, CD. 

P. Scarcliffe Lane Farm, near Langwith, Waterfall, Near Barlborough 
(Balbro'), Hb. Salt. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips ; Elmton, 

T2. Rare on hedge banks at Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. Ticknall, PurcJias, J.B. 

"V. silvestris Reichb. V. Reichenhachiana Bor. 

Native. B. Hedge banks, wood borders. Frequent and rather local. P. 
March-June. 

First Record, Purclias, J.B., 1887. ' 

L. Plentiful at Fenny Bentley, Ptirchas, J.B. "Wirksworth, Gibbs. Great 
Shacklow Wood ; Dovedale ; near Kniveton. 

C. Fritchley. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Hilton Common ; between Alkmonton and Boylestone ; Hollington ; 
Shirley ; Roston, near Norbury ; Ridge Lane, Atlow. 

V. silvestris x Riviniana. 

Tl. Hollington, near Longford, growing with the pai-ents, and quite sterile 
{B.E.C Sep. 1891, 325). 

V. Riviniana Reichb. Wood J'iolet. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, woods, hillsides. Common. P. April-June. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. V. canina. 

Generally distributed. The f. villosa (Neum.) occurs in Dovedale and probably 
in other places on the limestone. 

V- ericetorum Schmd, Bog Violet. V. cnnina L. p.p. 

Native. B. Commons and open ground, preferring sand or peat, also in iuvi 
on limestone. Rare. P. May-June. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Dovedale, scarce, Purchas, J.B. Brassington Rocks. 

Tl. Shirley Park, in peaty turf ; in heathy pasture by Bentley Car, Alkmonton. 

T2. Ockbrook, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Dry banks near Seal Wood, N.H. Tutb. 



76 VIOLARIE^. 

V. ericetorum x Riviniana. 

Tl. Shirley Park. 

V. tricolor. L. Wild Pansy. Heartsease. 

Native. B. Cultivated ground. Frequent. A. or B. May-Oct. 

First record, Gibson's Camden, 1695. 

L. Cromford, Sogers, J.B. Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jewitt. Bradwell. 

Gl. Field at High Lee, near Chapel, Gishorne. 

G2. Near Matlock up to 250 yards, B. t& N., J.B. Near the Derwent, Little 
Eaton ; Hathersage. 

C. About Chesterfield, Waterfall, CD. Breadsall Moor; Coxbench, Crewe S 
Whittaker. Fritchley. * 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley ; Yeldersley ; Etwall. 

T3. Askew and Parson's Hills, Repton, Wild Fl. liept. Calke, Bloxam. 

V. arvensis Murr. 

Native. B. Cultivated land. Common. A. or B. May-Oct. 

First record, CD., 1889. 

Common everywhere. Large tricoloured forms occur in fields between 
Pleasley and Rowthorn, probably produced by bees crossing garden varieties with 
v. arvensis. 

V. lutea Huds. Yellow or Jloioitain Faiisy. 

Native. S. Heaths, upland pastures, mountains. Locally plentiful. P. 
June-July. 

First record, Hoiv, Phyt. Brit., 1650. '' Jacea sive Jierba Trinitatis 
elegantissinia, Flore luteo amplissimo. Knapweed, ivith a most ample yellow 
flower. Neere Eldenhole, and about Buchstones." 

L. Between Bradbourne and Winster, Smith, MSS. Eyam, Carr, CD. 
Near Middleton Dale, Hb. Salt. Wardlow Hay Cop ; Via Gellia ; Chelmorton Low, 
Painter, J.B. Cromford; near Newhaven, Gibbs. N. of Hassop, 300 yards; 
Bake well. West, J.B. Buxton, and Chapel, Barrow. Oxlow Rake; Pin Dale, 
Castleton; Longstone Edge; Bradwell Old Moor ; Brook Bottom, Tideswell ; High 
Low, Sheldon. 

Gl. Mam Tor, abundant, 450-500 yards, Rogers, J.B. Fernilee, abundant on 
the hill pastures. Barker. Charlesworth Combes, Fl. Asliton. Chapel-en-le-Frith, 
Pilkington. Abundant under Cuckoo Tors, near Buxton. 

G2. Appletree Knoll, Ashover, Bailey, CD. Black Rocks, Cromford, Hb, 
Linton. Near Milnhay, towards Wirksworth, Gisborne. Eyam Moor; Lea. 
Chatsworth, Pilkington. 

{. amcena (Symons). 

L. Miller's Dale; Wirksworth, PfHHier, /.£. Matlock Tor, iZor/ej-s. Above 
Via Gellia, Smith, MSS. Eldon Hill ; Litton. 

Gl. Corbar, near Buxton, Green, CD. ! Eccles Pike, near Whaley Bridge, 
Barker. 



POLYGALE^. 77 

POLYGALE/E. 

POLYGALA L. 
P. vulgaris L. iiukivort. 

Native. B. Banks, waysides, wood borders. Local. P. May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Dovedale; grassy banks up to 350 yards, i?. <£ZV., ./.-B. Brad well. Pamper, 
Natt. Cressbrook Dale. About Matlock, Glover. Buxton, Pilkington. 

Gl. Hilly ground about Chinley ; between New Mills and Strines ; Derwent, 
near Marebottom Farm. 

G2. On quarry refuse, Ashover, Bailey, B.L. Eec, 1881, 185. Grindleford, 
Painter Natt. Crich Common. 

C. Between Tibshelf and Hucknall ; in low ground N. of Troway ; woods 
S.E. of Westthorpe ; Barlborough Low Common; east of Totley. Pinxton, 
Pilkington. 

P. Markland Grips, near Clowne, Waterfall. Scarclifle Park Wood; near 
The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Yeldersley, near Ashbourne. Kedleston, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, not uncommon, but local, Crewe (& Whittaker. 

T3. Common about Calke, Piirchas, J.B. Eepton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

P. oxyptera Reichh. 

Native. EB. Dry slopes and banks. Locally plentiful. P. May-July. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Dam Dale, Peak Forest ; Longstone 
Edge; Harborough Rock. 

Gl. Axe Edge ; top of Corbar Hill, Buxton, 400 yards, Bogers, J.B. 
Allport Dale. 

C. Fritchley ; Brackenfield Green. 

P. Markland Grips ; near Cresswell ; Houghton. 

P. serpyllacea IJ'eihe. r. depremi Wender. 

Native. B. Heaths, pastures, waj'sides. Frequent. P. April-Sept. 
First record. Baker, J.B., 1884. 

L. Near Chajjel-en-le-Frith, Bogers, J.B. Near the Reservoir, Buxton, 
Green, CD. Between Litton Mill and Ci-essbrook Dale ; Miller's Dale, CD. 
Via Gellia, Waterfall, CD. Grassy places up to 300 yards [Matlock], Baker, 
J.B. Taddington ; Cromford Dale, Painter, Natt. 

Gl. Near Westend Farm, Gibbs. Near the Snake Inn; Allport Dale; 
Woodseats, Castleton ; Slackhall ; Bamford. 

G2. Roadside near Fox House Inn, G-ihhs. Chatsworth, Bindley. Abnej- 
C lough ; Froggatt ; east of Bradwell; Hathersage. 

C. Between Smeekley Wood and Fox Lane Plantation. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Hulland Moss ; Rodsley, near Longford ; Cubley 
Common. 

T2. Morley, Painter, Nat^. Near Long Eaton. 

T3. Bretby Park; Repton Rocks, Gibhs. 



78 CARYOPHYLLE^. 

CARYOPHYLLE>t. 

DIANTHUS L. 

'D. Armeria L. Beptford Pink. 

Casual. E. Fields, banks. Very rare. A. July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

G2. Edensor, Glover. 

C. In a seed field, near Renishaw, Waterfall. 

[The plant from Ednaston, Smith MSS., was an eiTor.] 

D. deltoides L. Maiden Fink, 

Native. EI. Rocky slopes, pastures. Rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Withering, 1787. 

L. Pastures on the limestone at Glutton, Garner. Quarry between Alport 
and Haddon Hall, Purchas. Between Cromford and Kniveton ; Bakewell, 
Smith MSS. Upper Haddon, Hb. Mason ! Plentiful about Winster, Miss Fenton. 
On rock in Litton Dale, near Tideswell, JBot. Guide. 

02. Chatsworth, Smith MSS. Hills between Bakewell and Chatsworth, 
Pilkington. 

C. Codnor Castle. 

Tl. Quarndon, Crewe & Whittaker. 

T2. On the road from Derby to Nottingham, Glover. 

*D. CaryophylluS L. Casual. 

Pilkington, 1789. D. arenarius. " Near Edensor." 

SAPONARIA L. 

S. oflBcinalis L. Soap Wort. 

Denizen. E. Banks, waste places. Rare. P. Aug. -Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Duffield, Pilkington. 

P. Elmton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Ednaston, Brailsford (mistaken for D. Armeria) ; roadside below the 
Vicarage, Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Roadside between Hulland Knob and 
Spinnyford Brook. 

SILENB L. 

S. Cucubalus Wihcl. Bladder Campion. S. in/fafa Sm. 

Native. A. Banks, waysides, fields. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. SpattUng Poppy. White Bottle. 

L. Ascending from Matlock Bridge to Bonsall, B. <-t N., J.B. Ashford ; 
Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B. Wirksworth ; Middleton Dale, Gibbs. Ascends to 
cJOO yards, Rogers, J.B, Miller's Dale, Barroiu. Bradwell ; Brassington, 

Gl. Derwent Dale ; Hope ; near Eyam. 

G2. Matlock Bank, and hillside, iJ. cC iV., J.£. Great Hucklow ; Froggatt ; 
Hathersage ; between Hassop and Baslow; old quarry, Pincham's Hill, Belper ; 
by the Derwent, near Allestree. 



CARYOPHYLLE.E. 79 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Eckiiigton, Gibhs. Kirk Hallam ; 
Mosbrough ; Beightoii ; Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. CvessvfeW, Painter, Natt, Elmtoii; Scarcliffe ; Clowne ; Paltertou. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Old Park, Shirley, Derby; Doveridge, 
Pilkinyton. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe X- Whittaker, Long Eaton. 

T3. Between Repton and Hartshorn, Hagger, CD. Ticknall, Piirchas, J.B. 
Bretby, (ribbs. Repton Rocks, Wild Ft. Bept. Eggintou Common. 

Var ptibernla Syme. 

L. Very characteristic in Monsal Dale, 200 yards. Baker, J.B. At Matlock, 
at about 200 yards ; head of Monk's Dale, 350 yards. West, J.B. Growing with 
S. inflata genuina on roadside in the neighbourhood of Bakewell, Baileij, B.L. 
Bee., 1876, 177. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Hb. Mason .' 

P. Roadside near Pleasley, the variety and the type growing together. 

S. nutans I- Xottuiyhum Catehjiij. 

Native. EG. Limestone rocks. Plentiful locally. P. May-July. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

L. Miller's Dale, 300 yards. Baker, J.B. Chee Dale, Drabble. Monsal Dale ; 
Bakewell, Painter, J.B. Head of Monk's Dale, 350 yards, West, J.B. Middleton 
Dale, Carr, CD. Buxton rocks; Biggin Dale, near Hartington, Watson's N.B.G. 
Ashford, Crewe d- Whittaker. Tideswell Dale ; Dovedale. 

S. noctiflora -£. 

Colonist. EG. Cultivated land. Rare. A. June-Aug. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

C. Garden weed at Norton Lees, The Naturalist. 

Tl. Near the Lodge, and Copse Hill, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 
Fields by " Holt " Barn, and field off Yeaveley Road, Edlaston, Miss Sanclford. 
Hulland ; Shirley ; fields E. of Church Broughton. 

T3. Gresley; Linton, Painter, J.B. Bretby Mill, Hagger, CD. White 
Lees, Ticknall, Pinchas, J.B. Breach Farm, Cauldwell; Drakelow, N.H. Tutb. 
Foremark Hills, J.T.H. in Tr. Burton. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

LYCHNIS L. 

L. alba Mill. White Campion. L. vespertinn Sibth. 

Native. B. Banks, hedges, cultivated land. Frequent. B. or P. May-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. " L. dioica. The ivhite not very common." 
Generally distributed through the County, but scarcely plentiful anywhere. 

Li. dioica. J^. Hed Campion. L. diiirna Sibth. 

Native. B. Hedges, roadsides, woods. Common. P. May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Ascends to 400 yards at Peveril Castle," Baker, J.B. Occurring occasionally 
with white or very pale flowers, as at Wyaston, Yeldersley, and elsewhere. A plant 
with both white and pink flowers was seen at Marston Montgomery. 



80 CARYOPHYLLEiE. 

L. PloS-CUCUli L. Bagged Robin. Cnckoo-floicer. 

Native. B. Meadows, moist roadsides, marshy islaces. Common. P. May- 

Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Meadow PinJis. Wild Williams. 
Common throughout the County. " Swamps up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

L. GithagO Scop. Com Cockle. 

Colonist. B. Arable land. Local. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Agrostemma Githago. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. Buxton, Jewitt. A cornfield weed up to 400 yards. 
Baker, J.B. Brough, Painter, Natt. 

G2. Between Bakewell and Hathersage, Milnes, CD. Far End, Baslow. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Norton, Painter, Nat^. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Yeldersley, near Ashbourne. 

T2. Ockbrook ; Morley, Painter, J.B. Breadsall, &c., common, Crewe <<; 
Whittaker. 

T8. Repton, Wild. Fl. Bept. Near Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Calke, 
Purchas, J.B. Near Repton Shrubs ; Cauldwell, Gihbs. 

CERASTIUM X. 

C. quaternellum Fenzl. Moenchuc crecta Ehrh. Top. Bot. "Hewitt cat." 
Native. E. Heaths, dry waste ground. Very rare. A. May- June. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 
T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. semidecandrum L. 

Native. BE. Walls, rocks, dry roadsides. Local. A. April- June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale; Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Dovedale, Smith MSS. 
Lathkil Dale, The Naturalist. Chee Dale ; Litton Slack ; Brassington Rocks. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Eogers, J.B. 

G2. Abundant by the roadside near Wrag's Quarry, above Rowsley, 1,000- 
1,100 feet. 

C. Morley Moor, near Horsley Castle, Glover. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe & Whittaker. 

T3. Near Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Near Melbourne ? Purchas, J.B. 
Old walls, Repton, Wild Fl. Bepton. 

C. glomeratum ThniU. Mouse-ear Chtckiceed. C. viscosii/n L. 

Native. B. Waste places, fields, waysides. Common. A. April-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. " Roadsides up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough," 
Baker, J.B. Pilkington (1789) has " C. tomentosutn, Woolly Mouse-ear," by which 
he may jjossibly have intended this. 



CARYOPHYLLE^. 



81 



C. triviale Linl-. C vulgatum L. 

Native. B. Fields, waste places, roadsides, walls. Common. B. or P. 
April- Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Throughout the Couaty. "Ascends up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. Large 
flowered forms occur in fields bordering on the Trent in T2. 

C. arvense L. Field Chickweed. 

Native. BE. Sandy soil, dry banks. Local. P. May-July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. Breadsall Moor, WhittaJcer, Phyt. 

P. Between Clowne and Cresswell, Waterfall, CD. Cresswell Crags; 
Palterton. 

T2. Near Long Eaton, Atkinson, CD. 

T3. Eepton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

STELLARIA Z. 

S. aquatica Scop. Water Chickweed, Maluchium aquaticum Fr. 

Native. E. Ditch-sides, damp shady places. Local. P. July-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Near Eckington, not common, Waterfall, CD. River-bank, Staveley, 
Drabble. The Moss, Mossbrough. 

P. In the swampy ground at the east side of Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Siddals, near Derby, Pilkington. 

T2. Chaddesden; Osmaston-by-Derby, Painter, J.B. Common in ditches 
about Breadsall; Little Chester, Crewe & Whittaker. 

T3. Newton Solney, Painter, J.B. Near Stapenhill ; common in the Trent 
Valley, Oibbs. By the Old Trent, Bept. F. c& F. Willington, Nowers. 

S. nemorum i. Wood Stitchxvort. 

Native. SI. Woods, brook-sides. Local and rare. P. May-June. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Eyam Dale, Watson's N.B.G. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, FL Asltton. Wood at Mellor, Painter, 
J.B. Higher Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Stand Wood, Chatsworth ; Lindup Wood, Rowsley, Gem of the Peak. 
Ecclesbourn Brook, between Shottle and Idridgehay. 

C. By E. Bother, near Renishaw, not seen lately, Waterfall. 

S. media Cyr. Common Chickiveed. 

Native. B. Everywhere. Very common. A. Jan. -Dec. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Alsine media, 

" Common up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. , 

Var. Borceana (Jord.). 

L. Dovedale: Miller's Dale. 
T3. Newton Solney; Bretby, Gibhs. 
G 



82 CARYOPHYLLE^. 

Var. major Koch. Var. nef/lecta Weihe. J.B. , 1888, 330. 

L. Matlock Bath, Boberts, CD. 

Tl. Near Sutton-on-the-Hill, J.E.N, in Tr. Burton. Between Longford 
and Boylestone ; near Markeaton Brook, below Quarndon. 

T2. Lane going down to Thrumpton Ferry; canal side near Spondon. 

S. umbrosa Oph. 

Native. EB. Hedgebanks, waysides, waste ground. Frequent and abun- 
dant. P. March-Aug. 

First record, Purchas, J.B., 1885. 

L. Hedge-banks, Fenny Bentley, Purchas, J.B. High Tor, Carr. Near 
Matlock Bridge, towards Bonsall ; Scow Brook, near Hognaston. 

G2. Ambergate. 

Tl. Near the Railway Station, Ashbourne, Purchas, J.B. Near Sudbury, 
Painter, Nat^. Osmastou-by-Ashbourne ; Abbott's Clown Holme ; Shirley ; 
Allestree ; Snelston ; Yeaveley ; Cubley ; Dalbury ; Trusley ; the form with hairy 
pedicels at Brailsford, and Etwall. 

T3. Willington, Nowers. 

S. Holostea I- Greater Stitchworf. 

Native. B. Hedge-banks, wood borders. Common. P. April-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

"Ascends to 350 yards near Buxton," Rogers, J.B. "Woods up to 250 yards 
in Miller's Dale," Baker, J.B. Flowering in July at 350 yards under White 
Edge above Froggatt. 

Mr. Purchas reports a form which he found in 1879 on the banks of the Dove 
between Hollingsclough and the source, in which the petals are scarcely larger 
than the calyx, looking very unlike the ordinary form. 

S. palustris Jielz. S. glauca With. 

Native. EB. Wet meadows, marshes. Rare. P. May-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Tl. Near Bradley Pond, but with a ? Wright in Smith MSS. 

T2. Breadsall, not common, Crewe & Whittaker. In some plenty by a 
backwater west of Sawley. 

T3. Egginton, Hh. Mason ! In the meadows below Repton, Bloxam. 
Drakelow, N.H. Tutb. 

S. graminea L- Lesser Stitchworf. 

Native. B. Banks, pastures, waysides. Common. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed and plentiful, " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

S. uliginosa Murr. Bog Stitchivort. 

Native, B. Bogs, ditches, wet places. Frequent. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Gisborne, 1790-5. 

Generally distributed. " Swamps up to 550 yards on Axe Edge," Baker, J.B. 



CARYOPHYLLEiE. 83 

ARENARIA L. 

A. verna L. Mountain Sandwort. Als'me verna Bartl. 

Native. SI. Rocks, broken ground, mostly among lead mines. Abundant 
locally. P. May-July. 

First record. Hay, Fasc, 1688. ^^ Alsine pusilla, pidchro fl ore, folio tenuissinio 
nostras. In Derbyshire on, the barren earth they dig out of the shafts of the lead 
mines near W irksworth ." 

L. High Cliff, Miller's Dale ; Youlgreave, Bailey, CD. Cromford and Mat- 
lock Bath, Harris, CD. Walls of Peveril Castle, 400 yards, Baker, J.B. Matlock, 
High Tor, Masson, Bonsall, B. & N., J.B. Lathkil Dale, Bowland, CD. Middle- 
ton Dale, Garr, CD. Peak Forest; Old Moor, 450 yards. West, J.B. Buxton, 
Btt.vton Guide. Between Chapel and Castleton, Barker. High Rake, Great 
Hucklow ; Sheldon ; Longstone Edge ; Bi-ook Bottom, Tideswell. In the moun- 
tains about Wirksworth, Magn. Brit. & H. 

Gl. S.W. side of Mam Tor. 

G2. Milltown, S. of Ashover, Bailey, CD. Eyam Moor ; Froggatt. Crich, 
Pilkiyigton. 

A. tenuifolia L. Ahine tenuifoUa Wahl. 

Native. E, Dry stony ground and rocky slopes on limestone. Local and 
rare. A. June-July. 

First record, Garner, 1860. 

L. On banks at Miller's Dale, Wliitehead, B.L. Bee., 1875, 119. On a 
i-ocky bank near the path in Dovedale ; Brassington, Purchas, J.B. On the 
railway near Wirksworth Station, Gibbs, 

A. trinervia -£. 

Native. BE. Hedge-banks, woods, shady places. Common. A. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale ; between Matlock Bath and Bonsall, CD. Buxton, 
Rogers, J.B. About Dovedale, Purchas. Kirk Dale, Ashford. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers, J.B. Near Hope ; Chinley. 

G2. Baslow, and near Bar Brook ; Kelstedge. 

C. Smalley; woods S.E. of Westthorpe ; Wingerworth ; Hardwick Wood; 
Alfreton ; Shirland. S. Normanton, Pilkington. 

P. Bolsover ; Palterton ; by Pebley Pond ; Dale. 

Tl. Common about Derby, CD. Mickleover; Findern, Bindley. Shirley; 
Lower Thurvaston ; Cubley ; Boylestone ; Ashbourne. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

A. serpyllifolia L. Thyme-leaved Sandwort. 

Native. B. Arable land, walls. Not uncommon. A. Jime-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Limestone up to 400 yards above Castleton, Baker, J.B. Frequent up to 
300 yards about Matlock, B. d; N., J.B. Buxton; Miller's Dale, Bogers. Crom- 
ford; Wirksworth; Youlgreave, Gibbs. Haddon Hall, Bindley. Bradwell; 
Ashford ; Beresford Dale. 



S4 CARYOPHYLLE^. 

Gl. Edale ; Bamford Station. 

G2. Bubnell, Baslow ; Shottlegate. 

C. Near Eokington, Gihbs. Marehay, near Ripley ; Denby ; Dronfield ; 
Crowhole, near Barlow ; Holymoorside. S. Normanton, Pilhington, 

P. Clowne ; Elmton ; Houghton ; Upper Langwith. 

Tl. Common on walls near Derby, CD. Turnditch; Mickleover, Painter, 
Naft. Hulland; Snelston Common. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., common, Crewe <& Whlttaker. Near Trent Station; 
Boyah Grange, Dale ; Sawley. 

T3. Walls, etc., Calke, PurcJias, J.B. Cricket field wall, Repton, Wild 
Fl. Bept. Burton, Hh. Mason '. 
Var. ghitinosa Kocli. 

L. Pin Dale, near Castleton ; Oxlow Rake. 
Var. leptoclados (Guss.). 

L. Frequent up to 300 yards about Matlock, B. d N., J.B. Between Miller's 
Dale and Monsal Dale, in two or three places, Rogers, J.B. 

Tl. Sandy fields south of Hulland. 

T2. Weston Cliff, Purchas. 

T3. Wall, Knowl Hills, Painter, Nat*. Waste gravelly place between 
Twyford and Fiudern. 

SAGINA L. 

S. apetala L. Annual Pearl-wort. 

Native. E. Walls, sandy and gravelly ground. Local but frequent. A. 
May-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Courtyard of Haddon Hall ; roadside between Buxton and Burbage, 
350 yards, Baker, J.B. Dovedale, Purchas, Matlock, Stevens, Kirkdale, 
Ashford ; High Dale, Taddington Dale. 

Gl, Waste ground, Chapel-en-le-Frith Station ; on the old road, near Goyt's 
Moss. 

G2. Wall at Whatstandwell Railway Station, B. <& N., J.B. Canal banks 
neur Crovaiord, Bailey, B.L. liec., 1884-6, 88. Milford ; roadside between Ci;rbar 
and Bar Brook ; near Ramsley Reservoir and near Robin Hood's Inn, Baslow ; 
Ashover. 

C. On colliery debris, at Mai'ehay, Ripley ; Johnnygate, Millthorpe ; near 
Stubbing Court. 

P. Near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Shirley Vicarage ; Yeldersley Lane ; near Wyaston ; Bradley ; Foston, 

T2. Breadsall, Orewe <fc Whittaker. Walls, Sawley. 

T3. Ticknall, Purchas. Near Knowl Hills, Painter, J.B. Repton, Bept. 
F. <& F. Newton Solney ; Drakelow, NH. Tutb. Roadside east of Egginton 
Common, 

Var. glabra F. Schiiltz. 

G2. Ambergate, on a wall by the canal, B.E.C. Bep., 1901, G25. 



CARYOPHYLLE^. 85 

S. ciliata Fr. 

Native. EB. Dry places, walls. Rare and local. A. June-July. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

L. Dovedale, Purchas. Waste ground near Buxton Public Gardens, Rogers, 
J.B. Monsal Dale ; bank of lowest road east of Miller's Dale Station. 

G2. Whatstandwell, on walls, Painter, J.B. Ambergate. 

C. Near the Station, Killamarsh ; between Codnor Castle and Codnor Park 
Station ; near Crowhole, Barlow ; Sheepbridge ; between Clod Hall and Bleak 
House, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Quarry between Mugginton and Cross o' th' Hands. 

T2. Side of Mansfield Road between one and two miles from Derby. 

T3. Waste gravelly places by the road between Twyford and Findern. 

S. prOCUmbenS L. Pertrhcort, 

Native. B. Waste ground, walls, paths. Common. P. May-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

"Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B, 

S. nodosa Feml. Knotted Spurreij. 

Native. B. Moist places on heaths, on limestone, sand and peat. Local. 
P. July-Aug. 

First record, Crisborne, 1792. 

L. Miller's Dale, Sogers. Castleton, Hb. Mason ! About Buxton on the 
roadsides, CD. Dovedale, between Sharplow and Thorpe Cloud, PJiyt. N.S., 
1858, 538. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Oxlow Rake ; Taddington ; Ashford ; 
Brook Bottom, Tideswell ; Great Rocks Dale. 

Gl. Mellor, Whitelegg, CD. Roadside on the moor above Burbage, up to 
500 yards. Baker, J.B. Axe Edge, near the top, Rogers, 

G2. Eyam Moor; Higger Tor, near Hathersage, 1,400 feet. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Painter, J.B, 

SPERGULA X. 

S. arvensis />. Com Spwrey. 

Native. B. Arable land, waysides. Frequent. A. .June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton, Rogers, J.B. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Matlock, Stevens. Bolehill, 
Sheldon; Peak Forest. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn ; near Dinting ; Edale ; near Rowarth ; Brook 
Bottom, near New Mills ; Bamford Station. 

G2. Near Ball Cross, Chatsworth ; Ambergate. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Killamarsh; Beighton. S. Normanton, 
Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell. 

Tl. Cornfields about Derby, CD. Mickleover, Painter, Naft. Shirley; 
Yeaveley. In a cornfield near Quarndon, Glover. 

T2. Spondon, Hasse, CD. Boyah Grange, Dale. Priory near Breadsall, 
Glover. 

T3. Near Repton Shrubs Milton, Gibbs. Repton, Wild Fl, Rept. 



86 CARVOPHYLLE^. PORTULACEJE. 

BUDA Adam,. 

B. rubra Dum. Med Sandwort. Spcrt/ii/nriri rubra Fenzl. 

Native. BE. Dry sandy places on heaths, fields, and by roadsides. Local. 
A. June-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. Arcnaria rubra, 

G2. Baslow, Fainter, J.B. Gritstone quarry over the Church, Matlock 
Bank, 250 yards, B. <& N., J.B. Firestone Hill, near Hazlewood; Ambergate; 
Ashover Hay. 

C. Between Holymoorside and Beeley, Drabble. Stanton Moor, and near 
Dale, Hasse, CD. Troway; Shipley Hall; Codnor Castle to Codnor Park 
Station ; Nether Loads, Old Brampton. 

Tl. By the Lodge, Shirley Bridge, Smith MSS. Findern, Cxihbs. Mickle- 
over, and Bearwoodcote ; Sapperton ; sandy ground east of Church Broughton ; 
about Kedleston Park ; Shirley Vicarage. 

T2. Ockbrook Lane, Smith MSS. Weston Clifif, Purchas. Common about 
Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. 

T3. On walls, but very scarce, Milton and near Foremark, Purrhns, J.B. 
Melbourne, Hasse, CD. Bretby, Gibbs. Drakelow Park, Hb. Mason ! Willing- 
ton ; Measham, Tr. Burton. Repton, Bept. F. <f- F. Egginton Common ; 
between Twyford and Findern. 



PORTULACE/E. 

CLAYTONIA L. 

*C sibirica L. C. alsinoidcs Sims. 

Alien. Woods, copses. Rare. A. April-July. 

First record, Baxter, 1837. 

Gl. Hayfield, Alcoch in B.E.C Bep., 1871. 

G2. In a wood at the summit of Calton Hill, near Bakewell, Britten, J.B., 
1875, 237. Chatsworth, Nowers ! Eowsley, Gibbs. Lindup Wood. 

This American species was " discovered " in the Edensor woods by Sir Joseph 
Paxton, or by someone who communicated it to him. The Edensor example was 
subsequently transmitted to Mr. Baxter, of Oxford, who published it in his 
" Genera of British Plants." Phyt. 2nd series ; iii., 191, 1859. 

The following by Mr. Borrer is interesting : — " The locality is a mile or 
more from the Chatsworth gardens, in which, moreover, I was assured that 
the plant was iinknown, until it was brought in from the wood," Ptii/t. V. 47, 
1854. 

Tl. Cultivated ground, Mickleover, jnirple flowered, Bindley. 

MONTIA X. 

M. fontana J^- irnter nHnks. 

Native. B. Swamjis, wet j^laces, cultivated land. Local. A. or P. April- 
Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 



PORTULACE^. 



HYPEEICINE^. 87 



L. Wirksworth ; Buxton, Pilkington, 

Gl. Common in swamps up to 500 yards, Baker, J.B. Combes Moss, 
Waterfall. Near Westeud Farm, Gibbs. Chinley; Mam Tor; near the Snake 
Inn; Bamford ; Stanage Edge. 

G2. Tansley Moor, Steveiis. Abuey Clough; Froggatt ; Burbage Brook; 
Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

C. Holymoorside, Drabble. Pinxton, Pilkington. Sutton Scarsdale Pouds. 

Tl. Shirley, on garden soil; Bradley Brook; laneside, Hilton Common. 

T3. Repton [Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. Cauldwell, Painter, J.B. Linton, 
N.H. Tutb. Bretby, J.E.N, in Tr. Burton. 
Var. rivularis Gmel. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Wlntehead, B.L. Bee, 1883, 39. Combes Moss, 
Waterfall. 

Tl. Nether Sturston, near Ashbourne. 



HYPERICINE>€. 

HYPERICUM X. 
H. Androseemum L. Tutsm). 

Native ? AB. Woods and copses. Very rare. P. July- Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

G2. Matlock, Crewe d Whittaker. 

*H. calycinum L. Eose of Sharon. 

Alien. Plantations. Very rare. P. Julj'-Oct. 
First record, Bept. F. & F., 1881. 
L. Lovers' Walk, Matlock Bath, B. d- N., J.B. 
T3. Knowl Hills, BeiJt. F. d- F. 

H. perforatum X. 'S'^- Jo/in\i JFort. 

Native. B. Woods, hedge-banks. Common. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton; Matlock Bath; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Wirksworth; Via 
Gellia, Gibbs. Common in the limestone dales, 200 and 300 yards, Baker, J.B. 
Bradwell; Comb's Dale, near Calver. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. Mills near Mellor ; Bamford. 

G2. By Cromford Canal, Bogers, J.B. Near Mytham Bridge, by the 
Derwent ; Bramley, near Hassop ; Chatsworth, 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Mapperley ; Loscoe ; near Norton; by 
West Hallam Station. 

P. Cresswell Crags; Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Scarcliffe Woods, 
Painter, Nat*. Clowne ; Elmton ; Whitwell. 

Tl. ^TAxlBlordi, Smith MSS. About Derby, CD. Near Church Broughton, 
Gibbs. Mickleover; near Mugginton, Painter, Natt. Shirley; Longford; Cubley 
Common ; Scropton ; west side of Kedleston Park. 



88 HYPERICINE.li;. 

T2. 'Brea.Asa.U, WMttaker, Phijt. Near Thriimpton Ferry ; Sandiacre; Long 
Eaton ; Eisley Park ; Sawley Junction. 

T3. About Calks, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibhs. Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. 
Eosliston, Hb. Mason! Egginton Common. 

H. dubium leers. Top. Bot. " Derby." 

Native? EB. Bushy damp ground. Very rare. P. July- Aug. 

First record, Glove?-, 1829. 

L. Buxton, Buxton Guide, Matlock, Watson's N.B.G. 

I have never seen this species in the County, and its nativity may be 
questionable on the authority of these the only and somewhat antiquated 
records. 

H. quadratum StokcK. H. tctrapterum Fr. 

Native. BE. Stream-sides, ditches, marshes. Not uncommon. P. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. H. quad rang ulare. 

L. Blackwell Dale, CD. Wye Valley below Miller's Dale, Rogers, J.B. By 
the Wye in Monsal Dale, 200 yards. Baker, J.B. Via Gellia, B. d N., J.B. 
Brough ; Scow Brook, Hognaston. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers, J.B. Near the Snake Inn ; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage ; Bamford ; Chinley ; Hague Bar, near New Mills. 

G2. Cromford Canal, Rogers. Froggatt ; near the Derwent, above 
Allestree. 

C. Near Owler Bar, Gibbs. Roadside, Totley, towards Sheffield, Hb. 
Salt. West Hallam Station ; by large pool, a mile east of Killamarsh ; by 
Pebley Pond ; Barlborough Low Common ; between Tibshelf and Hucknall ; New 
Stanton. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Woods, Waterfall. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. 
Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Near Mugginton ; Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Shirley ; Brailsford 
Brook ; Cubley Common ; Kedleston Park ; Markeaton ; Barton Blount ; Marston- 
on-Dove ; Sudbury. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe £ Whittaker, Sandiacre. 

T3. Eepton, Wild Fl. Rept. Eepton Eocks; Willington, Gibbs. 

About Calke, Purclias, J.B. Eosliston, Hb, Mason, By the brook above 
Egginton. 
H. humifusum. L. Vrccping St. .Tohii's Wort. 

Native. BE. Gravelly fields and banks. Local. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Bradwell, Painter, Natt, Buxton, Ashwood Dale, Jewitt, 

"I do not think I have ever seen H, hu.mifusuni on limestone," Purchas, J.B. 

The Bradwell locality may perhaps be on shale which lies immediately to 
the east of the town. 

Gl. Hadfleld; Glossop, Painter, J.B. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Chapel-en-le- 
Frith, Barrow. Near the Snake and Ashopton Inns ; Edale ; Lose Hill ; 
Chinley. 



HYPERTOINE^. 89 

G2. Edensor, Wild, CD. Below Hathersage. 

C. Nevvbold, Drabble. Near Dale Church, Smith, MSS. Wiugerworth; 
Cutthorpe, Brampton ; near Tibshelf ; Brackenfield Green ; Crowhole, near 
Barlow. Pinxton; Gorsy Close, near Coxbench, Pilkington. 

Tl. Copse Hill, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Mickleover, 
Painter, Nat^. Shirley ; Church Broughton ; between Yeaveley and Cubley. 

T2. Breadsall, Whiftaker, Phijt. 

T3. About Calke, Piirchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Bretby, 
Gibbs. Near Repton Rocks, Wild Ft. Rept. Breach Farm, Cauldwell, N.H. 
Tutb. Drakelow, F.L. in Tr. Burton. Egginton Common. 

H. pulchrum. l-. 

Native. B. Heathland, hedgebanks. Frequent. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton; Bonsall, Bogers. Miller's Dale; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Via 
Gellia, Gibbs. Dale Head, Wheston ; Great Rocks Dale ; Conies Dale, Peak 
Forest; Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough, Bakei; .J.B. Mellor, Painter, .J.B. 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers. Chinley; near the Snake Inn; Ollerbrook, Edale ; 
near Eyam; Bamford; by R. Sett, Hayfield. 

G2. Gritstone Quarry, over Matlock Bank, B. d- N., J.B. Ambergate ; 
Cromford Moor, Phyt. 1858, 610. Abney ; Eyam Moor ; east of Bradwell ; 
Froggatt ; between Scow Brook and Kirk Ireton. 

C. Stanton; Dale, Hasse, CD. Salter Wood, near Ripley; West Hallam 
Station ; Loscoe ; Killamarsh ; Westthorpe ; between Tibshelf and Hucknall. 
Pinxton; Gorsy Close, ^near Coxbench, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell, Gibbs, Bolsover ; Langwith Wood. 

TI. Etwall, Gibbs. Mickleover, Painter, Nat'. Shirley ; Cubley Common ; 
Church Broughton; Dalebrook, Sudbury; Burnaston. Allestree, Pilkington. 

T2. Spondon, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. 

T3. About Calke, Purclias, J.B. Near Repton Rocks, Wild FI. EejJt. About 
Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, Hb. Mason I Egginton Common. 

H. hirsutum L. Hairy Sf, John's Wort, 

Native. BE. Woods and hedges, preferring dry soil. Common, except in 
the north of the County. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Common in the limestone dales, 200-350 yards. Baker, J.B. Via Gellia, 
Matlock Tor, and other limestone woods, B. & N., J.B. Buxton, Buxton Guide. 
Miller's Dale, Nowers. Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; 
Bradwell ; Ashford. 

G2. By Cromford Canal, Rogers. Ambergate, Phyt. 1858, 610. Between 
Hassop and Baslow. 

C. Codnor; New Stanton; WestiHallamBStation ; Barlborough ; Newton 
Wood. 

P. Cresswell Crags, The Naturalist. Markland Grips ; Scarcliffe Park 
Wood ; Langwith Wood. 



90 HYPERICINE^. MALVACEAE. 

Tl. Doveridge, Gihhs. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Between Osmaston and 
Sinfin Moor ; about Kedleston Park ; Shirley ; Longford ; Abbott's Clowne Holme. 

T'2. Spondon, Hass6, CD. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phijf. Eisley Park. 

T3. Bretby ; Cauldwell, Gibbs. Burton ; Stapenhill, Hh. Mason ! Calke, 
Bloxam. Eepton, Bept. F. d- F. Egginton Common. 

H. montanum X. 

Native. E. Woods, cliffs, banks, on limestone. Local. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. 

L. Duke's Drive, Buxton, Rogers, J.B. Same locality, 300-350 yards. Baker, 
■T.B. Monk's Dale, 350 yards. West, J.B. Between Wormhill and Tideswell, 
West, B.L. Bee, lBlQ,\b. Near Matlock, Ph;i'o«. Do-veAsA^., Purrhas, J.B. Near 
Hartington, Painter, Nat'. Hay Dale, near Wheston. 

G2. Crich Quarry, Smith MSS. 

T3. Ticknall Quarry, Bept. F. d F. Stapenhill ; Wiushill, N.H. Tiitb. 

H. elodes L. Marsh St. Johrrs Wort. Top. Bot. " Whittaker sp." 
Native. AE. Bogs and marshes. Very rare. P. June-Aug. 
First record. Glover, 1829. Also Watson, Cyh. Brit., 1852. 
G2. Tansley Moor, used to be common before the enclosure, Crewe d- Whit' 

taker. 



MALVACE/E. 

MALVA L. 

M. mOSChata /-. Musk Mo/toir. 

Native. EB. Fields, waysides. Local. P. June-Aug. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

L. Matlock, 200 yards. West, J.B. Lathkil Dale, Bowland, CD. Dovedale ; 
Via Gellia, B. t& N., J.B. Hassop, Painter, J.B. Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. 
Thorpe, Bindley. 

Gl. Hathersage. 

G2. Chatsworth, Scriinsliaw, CD. Cromford Canal, Wlmtstandwell, 
B. tfc N., J.B. Great Longstone, 300 yards ; Bramley, near Hassop ; Birchill 
Bank, Baslow ; Ashover. Diiffield, Pilkington. 

C. Near Eenishaw, Waterfall. Stanton Moor, Hassi, CD. Barlow Brook; 
Westthorpe ; Millthorpe, near Holmeslield ; Wingerworth ; Sutton Scarsdale ; 
Duckmanton. Dale Abbey, Glover. 

Tl. Near Somershall, Gibbs. Palmer Moor, Sudbury ; Shirley ; Yeaveley ; 
Snelston Common. Allestree, Pilkington. 

Tl. Morley, Whittaker, CD. Spondon ; Breadsall, if((.s.se, C'.Z). Shardlow, 
Glover. 

T3. Foremark Fields, Bretby, lff(<7,i7PJ-, CD. Dimminsdale, Calke; Stanton- 
hy-Bvidge, Purchas, J.B. Ji\-<idou, Hb. Mason ! Br ajkelow, N.H. Tutb. Gresley, 
Tr. Barton, llepton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



MALVACEAE. TILIACE^. 91 

M. silvestris L- Conmion Mallow. 

Native. BE. Roadsides, waste places. Frequent. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Mauls. 

L. Matlock Bath, Bowland, CD. Foot of cliffs in Monsal Dale, 250 yards ; 
Cromford, near houses, perhaps introduced, B. d- N., J.B. Summit of Thorpe 
Cloud, Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Bradwell, Painter, Naft. Beresford Dale ; 
Ashford; Stony Middleton. 

G2. Crich, Painter, J.B. Bramley, near Hassop ; Beeley ; Fallgate, Ash- 
over, 

C. By Killamarsh Station, 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Findern, Bindley. Shirley; Hatton ; Aston ; 
Sudbury ; Foston. On the Kedlestou Road, near Markeaton, Glover, 

T2. Ockbrook, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, Crewe d- Wliittaher, Trent Lock; 
Sandiacre ; Wilsthorpe, near Long Eaton. 

T3. Stapenhill, Harris, CD. Near Calke, PurcJias, J.B. Swarkeston, 
Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Near Willington, Gihhs. 

M. rotundifolia. L. Bxmrf Mallow. 

Native. BE. Waste Places, roadsides. Frequent. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Bowland, CD. Cromford, perhaps introduced, B. d- N., 
J.B. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. 

C. Beighton ; near Ashgate Plantation, New Brampton; near Clay Cross 
Station. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips. 

Tl. Lane near Wyaston Grove, Edlaston, Miss Sandford. Allestree, 
Crewe d Whittaker. Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. Shirley ; Cubley ; Scropton. 
Normanton, Pilkington. 

T2. Chaddesden, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, Crewe d Whittaker. By the Inn, 
Spondon ; Saw ley. 

T3. Near Calke, Purchas, J.B. Willington; Milton, Painter, J.B. d Nati. 
Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Stapenhill, N.H. Tutb. Swarkeston, Bloxam. 

*M. parviflora. i. 

Alien. Pilkington, 1789. 
C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 



TILIACE/E, 

TILIA L. 

T. platyphyllos Scop. Large-leaved Lunc. T. yrandifoha Ehrh. 

Native on limestone cliffs, alien elsewhere. EL. Woods, plantations. Rare. 

T. June. 

First record. Smith MSS., 1871-81. 

L. By the R. Derwent, at Matlock Bath, B. d K.. J.B. Wirksworth, 
Gibbs. High Tor, Matlock, B.E.C. Bep., 1893, 404. 



92 TILIACEiE. LINE.E. 

G2. Eoadside at Whatstandwell, B. <£• N., J.B. 

P. Pleasley Vale, truly wild, Carr. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK 

T2. Dale Woods, Smith MSS. 

T3. Calke Park, planted, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hb. Mason ! 

*T. vulgaris Haync. Lime. Linden. T. intermedia DC. 

Alien. Planted, unless possibly native on limestone. Common. T, July, 

First record, Pilkington' 1789. T. europcea. 

L. Matlock Tor, B. & N., J.B. Chelmorton, probably planted^ CD. Wirks- 
worth, Gibbs. " There are one or two scrubby bushes of either T. grandifolia or 
T. intermedia — it would not be safe to say which — at an elevation of over 
1,000 feet, on one of the cliffs in Dovedale. It is difficult to suppose it other than 
wild," Purchas, J.B. Carsington. 

P. Pleasley Park, Pilkington. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirley Wood; near Sinfin Moor. 

T3, Eepton Churchyard, planted, CD. Bretby, Gibbs. Burton, Hb. Mason ! 
A very fine avenue at Brizlincote, Glover. 

T. COrdata Mil!. Small-leaved Lime. T. parvifolia Ehrh. T. ulmifoha 
Scop. Top. Bot. " Church. Bab. MS." 

Native or denizen. E. Woods, groves. Eare. T. July-Aug. 
First record, Mag. Nat. Hist., 1829-35. 

L. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Cromford; Carsington; King's Sterndale. 
G2. Hill above the village of Matlock, Phyt., 1858, 610 {i.e., opposite side of 
the river from Matlock Bath, Mag. Nat. Hist.). Baslow Churchyard. 
C. The Hague, Eenishaw, planted, Waterfall. Fritchley. 
Tl. Boylestone Churchyard, planted, Gibbs. Mickleover, Painter, NatK 
Mackworth; near Ednaston Hall. 

T3. Calke Park, probably planted, Purchas, J.B. 



LINE/E. 

LINUM L. 

L. catharticum. L. Purging Flax. 

Native. B. Pastures, heaths. Common. A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Up to 350 yards about Matlock, B. & N., J.B. Miller's Dale, Rogers. 
Wirksworth, Gibbs. Haddon, Bindley. Buxton; Ashford; Harborough Eock. 

Gl. Common up to 500 yards [Axe Edge], Baker, J.B. Near the 
Eeservoir, Chapel-en-le- Frith, Barker. Bamford ; Edale. 

G2. Near Fox House, Gibbs. Near Owler Tor; Froggatt ; Baslow. 

C. Totley Moss, 1,200 feet ; by West Hallam Station ; Marehay, near 
Eipley; New Stanton; Loscoe; Dronfield ; Spink Hill, near Eckington. Pinxton, 
Pilkington. 

P. Houghton ; near Shirebrook ; The Walls, Whitwell. 



LINE^. GERANIACE^. 93 

Tl. Etwall, Gihhs. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley ; Eodsley, &c. Betwixt 
Derby and Eadbourn, Pilkington. 

T2. Rough pastures, Breadsall,- [&c., Crewe & Whittaker. Sandiacre ; 
Risley Park. 

T3. Common about Calke, Pu»-c]ias, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Near Burton, 
Hh. Mason. Near Eepton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bepf. Knowl Hills, Bindley. 

*L. perenne i. 

Casual ? Buxton Guide, 1854. 

*L. angnistifolium ffuds. 

Casual. AE. 

C. Railway siding, Renishaw, Painter, Nat^. 

Tl. Between Willington and Etwall, Bejjf. F. & F. 
*Li. USitatissimum X. Common Flax. 

Alien. Here and there on cultivated and waste land. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. A few plants by the roadside, Matlock, B. & N., J.B. Between Matlock 
and Snitterton, Stevens. Cornfields, Wormhill, West, CD. Great Rocks Dale ; 
near Peak Forest Station. 

G2. Roadside between Rowsley and Haddou, Miss Armitage. Cornfield by 
the lane from Baslow to Hassop. 

C. Cornfield at Millhouses, The Naturalist. Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. 
By Beauchief Abbey. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Bolsover. 

T2. Fields at Breadsall, occasionally, Crewe d Whittaker. 

T3. Repton, Sept. F. <£■ F. 



GERANIACE>€. 

GERANIUM L. 

G. Sanguineum L. Bloody Crane's-bUl. 

Native. B? Limestone rocks and slopes. Rare. July-Aug. 

First record, Withering, 1787. 

L. Miller's Dale; Monk's Dale; Cressbrook Dale, Painter, J.B. Chee 
Dale, Drabble. Monsal Dale, Whittaker, CD. Ascends to 300 yards, Rogers. 
One weakly root of this on a rock north of Hartington, Purchas, J.B. Below 
Beresford Dale, Fyldes. Deep Dale, Sb. Mason ! Great Rocks Dale. Opposite 
Haddon Hall, Glover. Near Buxton, Withering. Matlock, H.b. Bicheno. 

*G. phoeum L. 

Alien. Jewitt, 1811. 

L. Matlock Bath, Rowland, CD. Near Mockdale, Buxton, on road to 
Tideswell, Jewitt, 

G2. Baslow, Gem of the Peak. 

T2. By side of the lane leading from Morley to Stanley ; and naturalised in 
bushy places in the Rectory grounds at Morley, Wliittaker, B.L. Rec, 1875, 140. 

T3. Calke, Candler, CD. 



94 GERANIACE^. 

Or, Silvaticum L. (Food Crane' s-bUl. 

Native ? S. Woods in mountain districts. Very rare. P. June- July. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. Top. Bot. " Derby." 

L. In a wood at the foot of the zig-zag walk, Matlock, Glover, Near 
Buxton, in Ashwood Dale, Jewitt. 

G2. About Chatsworth, Gem of the Peak, 

Or. pratense L- Meadow Crmic^s-bill. 

Native. BE. Meadows, lane-sides, river-banks. Frequent. P. June- Aug. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

L. Wormhill, 850-400 yards. West, J.B. Buxton ; Miller's Dale ; near 
Cressbrook School Chapel; Bonsall; Via Gellia, Rogers, Matlock Bath, Miss 
Armitage. Wirksworth ; Middleton Dale; Lathkil Dale, Gibbs. White-flowered, 
Alport, Drabble. Dovedale, Bot. Guide. Near Cover (Calver), Hb. Salt. 
Wheston; Bradwell ; Ashford. 

Gl. Between Whaley Bridge and Buxton, Barler. By the Derwent, near 
Yorkshire Bridge. 

G2. Rowsley ; Chatsworth ; Baslow, Gibbs. Froggatt ; Grindleford Bridge, 
and by White Edge Moss; near Fox House Inn; Gi-eat Hucklow. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Railway bank near Eckington, Gibbs. 
Canal side north of Chesterfield; near the Peacock Inn, 1,100 ft. 

P. Langwith Wood ; Whaley Mill, Bolsover. 

Tl. Common about Derby, C.D. Findern, Bindley. Doveridge ; Etwall ; 
Boylestone, Gibbs. Dobbin Horse Lane, Clifton ; Dalbury ; Trusley ; Marston-on- 
Dove ; Kedleston Park ; Markeaton ; Allestree. 

T2. Breadsall Common ; a white-flowered variety occasionally occurs, 
Whittaker, Phyt. Canal side near Spondon ; Long Eaton ; Elvaston. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow ; Cauldwell, Gibbs. Swarkeston, 
Painter, Natt. Osier beds, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Foremark, Bindley. 

Or. pyrenaicum Burtn. fit. 

Native ? E. Waysides, banks. Local and rare. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Hassop, Painter, J.B. In Litton and Monsal Dales, near Tideswell, 
Bot. Guide. 

G2. Neighbourhood of Baslow, in great plenty, Phyt., 1861, 383. 

Tl. Apparently wild in Copse Hill Gardens, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, 
Smith MSS, Markeaton Road, Glover. 

T3. Stapenhill, Harris, C.D. 

Or, moUe L. Coiiunon or Dove\s foot Crane''s-bill. 

Native. B. Fields, waysides, waste places. Common. A. May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

"Frequent. Ascending to 400 yards over Castleton," Baker, J.B. 

White flowered by the Canal near Trent Lock (T2). 



GERANIACE^. 95 

G. pusillum L. 

Native. EB. Field borders, waste ground, banks. Locally plentiful. 
A. May-Sept. 

First record, Jeivitt, 1811. 

L. Dovedale, Nowers. Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jewitt. 

C. Near Norton Lees, The Nafio-alist. 

P. Cresswell, The Natiirnlist. 

Tl. Limestone pits, Roston Common, Smith. MSS. Findern, Bindley. 
Roadside near Yeldersley Hall, casual. 

T2. Abundant along the canal path about Trent Lock and Long Eaton. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Milton, Gibbs. Rosliston, Hb. Mason ! 
Repton, Wild Fl. BejJt. Stapenhill, N.H. Tiitb. Egginton. 

G. rotundifolium /- 

Native? Casual? E. 
Pilkington, 1789. 
L. Ashwood Dale, Jewitt. 

Tl. Derby, Pilhiugton. On a dry bank on the Markeaton Road, Glover. 
Among clover, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 
T3. Burton Road, Repton, BejJt. F. d- F. 

G. dissectum L. Dove's Foot. 

Native. B. Cultivated land, waysides. Common. A. or B. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley up to the foot of Chee Tor, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. About 
Dovedale, Purchas. Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jewitt. Beresford Dale ; Oaker 
Hill, Wensley. 

Gl, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers. Chinley ; Bamford. 

C. Millthorpe, near Holmesfield ; Shirland. Pinxton, Pilkington, 

P. Upper Langwith. 

Tl. Alkmonton ; Sudbui-y ; Bradley, and Atlow ; Sinfin Moor, below Derby, 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe £■ Whittaker. Thrumpton Ferry, and Trent 
Lock ; Sawley ; Great Wilne. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Newton Road, Hb. Mason ! Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bept. Egginton Common. 

G. columbinum J-- 

Native. EB. Rocky slopes, stony bushy places, on limestone. Local. A. 
June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Chee Dale ; Taddington Wood, Baker, J.B. 
Wormhill, West, J.B. Matlock Bath, Creioe d Whittaker. Dovedale. Middleton 
Dale, Pilkington. Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jeivitt. 

G2. Old limestone quarry, Ashover. 

T3. Burton Road, Wild Fl. Bept. 



96 GERANIACEiE. 

G. lucidura L. 

Native. BE. Walls, rocks, banks, most abundant on limestone. Local. 
A. May- Aug. 

First record, Marty n in Phil. Trans. XXXVI.; 1729. Geranium saxatile. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. With white flowers, Dovedale, Smith MSS. 
Common on walls and rocks in the limestone dales, 200-350 yards, Baker, J.B. 
Via Gellia, B. <& N., J.B. Hassop ; Middleton Dale ; Youlgreave, Gibbs. 
Near Calver, Hb. Salt. Cromford ; Alsop-le-dale, Gisborne. Haddon, Bindley. 
Great Rocks Dale ; Ashford ; Bradwell ; Hopton. 

Gl. Slackhall, near Chapel. 

G2. Rowsley, Gibbs. Great Longstone; Fallgate, Ashover. Dethick, 
Pilkington. 

C. Norton, Hb. Salt. Wingfield Manor, Glover. 

P. Pleasley Park, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. Risley, Basse, CD. Draycott, Tr. Burton. 

T3. Doubtfully wild on the garden wall of a farmhouse at Pistern Hill, 
Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Painter, J.B. Rocks at Anchor Church, near Foremark, 
Wild Fl. Bept. Cricket field wall, Bept. F. & F. 

G. Robertianum L. Hn-h Rolm-t. 

Native. B. Banks, waysides, woods. Common. B. May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 

ERODIUM L'HERIT. 
E. cicutarium rHtU-it. stork's Bill. 

Native. B. Fields and waysides on sand. Rather rare. A. May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Geranium cicutarium. 

L. Dovedale, Botvland, CD. Thorite Cloud, Macefield, CD. Ashwood 
Dale, Buxton, Jewitt. Middleton Dale, Pilkington. 

Gl. Charles worth, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Baslow, Gem of the Peak. 

C. College Meadow, The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall, CD. Breadsall 
Moor, Crewe d Whittaker. 

P. Cresswell Crags, Waterfall, CD. 

Tl. Shirley, a casual. 

T2. Weston, Hasse, CD. Saudiacre, Trent, CM. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Purchas, J.B. Foremark; Stanton-by-Bridge, 
Painter, J.B. Near Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

OXALIS L. 
O. Acetosella i^. ^^'ood Som-i 

Native. B. Hedge-banks, woods. Frequent. P. April-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 



ILICINE.E. EHAMNE.E. 97 

*0. Stricta L. Casual. 

Tl. Cultivated ground, Etwall, Bindley. 

'Impatiens Noli-tangere L. Touch-me-not. 

Casual. Top. Bot. 1874, 608. "Hewitt Cat." 

Tl. Once seen near the Cottage, in Osmaston Park, Smith MSS. 

*1. parviflora ^c. 

Casual. L. 

L. A few plants in Cromford Dale, B. d- N., J.B. Matlock Bath, Fainter, 
J.B. ! Heights of Abraham, Miss Armitage. 

T2. In garden ground at Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 



ILICINE/E. 

ILEX l^. 
I. Aquifolium -C. SoUi/. 

Native. B. Woods and hedges. Common. T. April-June. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

"Frequent up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. Jaggers Clough, Kinderscout, at 
550 yards. 



CELASTRINE/E. 

BUONYMUS L. 

E. europaeUS L- Spindle Tree. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods, &c. Local. S. May- June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Guttendge Tree. Louse Berry. 

L. Via Gellia, and Matlock Tor, B. & N., J.B. Limestone cliflEs up to 400 
yards over Castleton, native. Baker, J.B. Dovedale, in very small quantity, 
Furchas, J.B. Miller's Dale; Cressbrook Dale, Fainter, J.B. Brassington 
Rocks, Gibbs. Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford. 

G2. Wood near Lea, Mihies, CD. 

C. Duckmanton, near Chesterfield. 

P. Cresswell Crags; Whitwell, The Naturalist. Steetly, Fainter, NatK 
Clowne, and Markland Grips. 

Tl. Hedges above Clifton, Smith, MSS. Shirley. 

T3. Drakelow, Hb. Mason! Winshill, Fainter, J.B. Repton Rocks, Wild 
Fl. Bept. 



RHAIVINE/€. 

RHAMNUS L. 

R. catharticUS L. Buckthorn. 

Native. E. Woods, thickets, hedges. Rather local. S. May-July. 
First record, Filkington, 1789. 
H 



98 RHAMNEJE. SAPINDACE^. 

L. Limestone cliffs in Miller's Dale up to 300 yards, Baker, J.B. At 350 
yards between Miller's Dale Station and Wormhill in several places, West, J.B. 
Cressbrook Dale; Matlock; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Via Gellia, and hillside 
east of Bonsall, B. d N., J.B. Bnxton rocks, Watson's N.B.G. Brassington 
rocks, Gibbs. Hartle Dale, Bradwell; Dirtlow Rake, 1,100 feet. 

G2. Hedges on the Duffield Road, Glover. 

C. Between Stanton and Dale Abbey, Painter, J.B. & Nat*. Near the 
Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. Near Killamarsh. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Cresswell Crags ; Bolsover; Scarcliff e ; 
Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Sudbury, Hb. Mason! Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirley; by 
Bradley Brook ; Barton Fields. 

T2. Hedge at Ockbrook, Stnith MSS. Breadsall, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Between Drakelow and Walton, N.H. Tutb. 

R. Frangula L. Berrij-bmrbuj Alder. 

Native. E. Woods, thickets, hedges. Local. S. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Froggatt. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Whittaker, Phyt. Horsley Car, Whittaker, CD. 
Coxbench, Watsoii's N.B.G. Near Renishaw, Waterfall, CD. The Moss, 
Mossbrough. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Scarcliffe Park Wood. Glapwell, 
PilHngto?!. 

Tl. Drabble Car, Bradley Brook. 

T3. Repton Shrubs ; Foremark Bottoms, Gibbs. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. 



SAPINDACE/E. 

ACER i. 

*A. pseudo-platanUS i. Sycamore. 

Alien. Woods, hedges. Frequent, especially abundant in the north of the 
County. T. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. One of the commonest trees of the [Buxton] district, \vp to 450 yards, and 
often self-sown. Baker, J.B. Common about Matlock in woods ; Dovedale, 
B. & N., J.B. Pindale, near Castleton. 

Gl. Very common about Chapel, Chinley, and Hayfield ; Bamford; 



G2. Noticed at Shatton. 

C. Near Killamarsh ; Duckmanton ; Dale. 

P. Bolsover ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Barton Blount; Shirley; Hulland. 

T2. Elvaston. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Parson's Hills, Repton, Wild Fl. Bejpt. 



SAPINDACEJE. LEGUMINOS^. 99 

A. campestre L. Maple. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods. Frequent, except in the north of the County. 
T. May-June. 

First record, Pilkingto7i, 1789. 

L. Common in the limestone dales up to 350 yards. Baker, J.B. Via 
Gellia ; Bonsall, Rogers. Common at Matlock, Stevens. Ashford Dale ; Miller's 
Dale; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. By Scow Brook, Kirk Ireton. 

Gl. Rare in this district; seen near Bowden Hall, Chapel; Hathersage. 

G2. Rowsley, Rogers. Between Hassop and Baslow. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Stanton-by-Dale, Painter, Nat^. Near 
West Hallam Station; Denby; Sutton. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Elmton; Palterton ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. About Derby, CD. Mickleover, Bindley. Bradley ; Shirley ; about 
Cubley ; Barton Fields ; Allestree. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe d- Whittaker. 

T3. Woods, &c., Calke, Purchas, J.B. About Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 
Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

Var. leioearpon Wallr. 
L. Monsal Dale. 
C. Alfreton. 



LEGUMINOSy€. 

GENISTA L. 

Qc. anglica ^. Needle Furze. Petty Whin. 

Native. BE. Heaths, peaty coarse pastures. Rare. S. Jiine-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Old Buxton Road, near Wythen Lache ; along the old road between 
Fernilee Hamlet and Coombs, Barker. Ladybower, Edale. 

G2. Tansley Moor, 300 yards, among the heather, B. & N., J.B. Baslow, 
half a mile towards Sheffield, Getn of the Peak. Beeley Moor, near Rowsley, 
Scrimshaw, CD. Cromford Moor, Phyt., 1858, 610. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkiiigton. Formerly on Breadsall Moor, now extinct, 
WJdttaker, CD. 

Tl. Old moorland, by Bradley Brook. 

T3. Willington, W.G. in Tr. Burton. Near the pastures, Egginton, Glover. 

Gr. tinctoria L. Dyers' Green-tvecd. 

Native. E. Hedges, rough pastures, field borders. Local and frequent. 
S. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, 200 yards. West, J.B. Near Grange Mill, Purchas. 
Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; near Wensley, on shale. 

Gl. Strines, Barrow. Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford; Hathersage. 

G2. Wirksworth ; Alderwasley, Gibbs. Great Hucklow ; Froggatt ; Curbar. 
Baslow, Pilkington. 



100 LEGUMINOS^. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Whittaker, Phyt. Stantou-by-Dale, Painter, Naft. 
Haythorne Hill, between Eckiugton and Staveley, Waterfall. Near Norton, 
The Naturalist. Spital, and Linacre, near Chesterfield, Drabble. Cordwell, 
near Unthank ; east side of Totley ; Barlborough Low Common. Coxbench 
Wood, Pilkingto7i. 

Tl. Etwall, Gibhs. Mickleover, Painter, Nati. Normanton, F.L. in Tr. 
Burton. Bradley ; between Wyaston and Hales Green, three fields full of it ; 
Nether Biggin ; between Cubley Common and Stydd ; Marston Montgomery, and 
Wardley ; Meynell Langley. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Dale Moor; Sandiacre. 

ULBX i. 

U. europaeUS I^. Gorsc. Furze. 

Native. B. Heaths, hedges, hilly pastures. Frequent. S. Feb. -April, 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. " Up to 400 yards above Burbage." Baker, 
J.B. 350-400 yards at Wormhill, West, J.B. Avoids the limestone, Stevens. 

U. Gallii Planch. 

Native. E. Heaths, commons, way-sides. Rather local. S. July-Oct. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Matlock Tor, Rogers. Masson Hill, Miss Arinitage. Miller's Dale; 
Coomb's Dale, Calver ; Longstone Edge. " Not excluded fi-om parts of the lime- 
stone banks, though preferring gritstone," Purchas, J.B. 

Gl. Corbar Hill, Buxton, 400 yards, Bogers, J.B. Goyt's Bridge, and near 
Combes Moss, CD. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers. Near Glossop ; Hayfield, Fl. 
Ashton. Eccles Pike ; Win Hill ; Allport Dale. 

G2. On the gritstone at all levels from the railway side at Whatstandwell 
up to 300 yards ; very fine on Tansley Moor, B. d N., J.B. Darley Moor, Carr. 
Crich, Nowers. Cromford Canal, Bogers. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Otterdale; 
Burbage Brook ; by Hathersage ; Froggatt ; east of Bradwell ; Eyam Moor ; 
Great Hucklow ; Dethick Common. 

C. Breadsall Moor, abundant, Crewe £• Whittaker. East of Totley ; Barlow 
Lees, and Wilday Green ; Unthank. 

P. Clowne ; Cresswell. 

Tl. Boylestone, Gibbs. Near Mugginton, Painter, NatK Shirley; Darley 
Moor, near Cubley; Little Derby, and near Spread Eagle Inn, Findern. 

T3. Rough Ground about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Gresley, Painter, J.B. 
Bretby; Hartshorn, N.H. Tutb. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

CYTISUS L. 

C. SCOpariuS Link. Broom. Si(rothamnus I'lilgaris Wimm. 

Native. B. Banks, fields, heaths. Local, avoiding limestone. S. May- 
June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Spartium scoparium. 



LEGUMINOS^. 101 

L. Via Gellia, Rogers. " Wholly absent from the limestone," Purchas, J.B. 

Gl. Railway banks, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers, J.B. By Castle Rocks, 
Allport Dale ; Back Tor, and Grinds Brook, Edale ; New Mills ; Upper Hurst 
Brook, Bamford. 

G2. Railway banks and other places, Belper, CD. On millstone grit at 
Birchover ; about the curious rocks called Robin Hood's Stride, and Cratclifi Tor, 
Purchas, J.B. Makeney, Pilkington. 

C. Between Renishaw and Staveley, Waterfall. Stanton-by-Dale, Hasse, 
CD. By West Hallam Station ; Denby ; Sheepbridge ; Moorhole, near Hacken- 
thorpe ; Fritchley ; Horsley Castle. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Railway bank, Cresswell. 

Tl. Between Copse Hill, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, and Wyaston Grove, 
Smith MSS. Near Edlaston, Miss Sandford. East of Church Broughton ; 
Etwall ; south of Findern ; Yeldersley, near Ashbourne. 

T2. Locko Park, Hasse, CD. Near Breadsall, Glover. 

T3. Dimminsdale, Calke ; Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. Willington, Nowers. 
Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

ONONIS X. 

O. repenS J^- Restharrow. 0. arvcnsis L. 

Native. B. Dry pastures, roadsides. Local. P. June-Sept. 

First record. How, Phyt. Brit., 1650. " Anonis sive Ononis, Besta bovis, 
Bemora Aratri. Tariat flare alba. Neere Darby." 

L. West slope of Matlock Tor, B. £ N., J.B. Near a quarry on Hollington 
End, near Thorpe; also in the Via Gellia, Purchas, J.B. Brassington Rocks, 
Gibbs. Wormhill, Painter, Natt. Between Ashford and Taddington ; Youlgreave ; 
slopes on shale, west of Wensley. 

G2. Wirksworth ; Ashover, Gibbs. Baslow, Painter, J.B. Curbar. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Hazlebarrow Farm, Norton; Barlborough 
Low Common ; Holymoorside. 

P. M&vkla.nd. GriTps, TJie Natitralist. Bolsover ; Cresswell Ci-ags ; Langwith. 
Pleasley, Pilkington. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne; Clifton, Smith MSS. Mickleover, Gibbs. 
Near The Holt, Edlaston, Miss Sandford. Near the Vicarage, Shirley; between 
Bradley Park and the Hollies Farm. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Morley, Creive d Whittaker. Near Breadsall, 
Glover. Elvaston. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Calke, Bloxam. Milton, Painter, Nat^. Parson's 
Hills, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

O. SpinOSa L. Restkarroic 

Native. EB. Pastures, roadsides. Local. P. June-Aug. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Via Gellia, near Grange Mill, Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1878, 16. Wormhill, 
CD. Lathkil Dale, Smith MSS. 



102 LEGUMINOS.E. 

G2. Baslow, Pilkington. Can this be a mistake for 0. repens, which is 
plentiful at Baslow, whilst 0. spinosa has not been noted there recently ? 

C. Dale, Sass6, CD. 

P. Pleasley, Pilkington. 

Tl. Near Etwall, Burkhill, CD. Normanton-by-Derby, Painter, J.B. 
Little Derby, by the roadside. In a lane leading to Eadbourn, Glover. 

T2. Between Ockbrook and Hopwood Lodge Field, Smith MSS. Plentiful 
by Thrumpton Ferry. 

T3. Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Willington, Bagger, CD. Derby Road, 
Burton, Hb. Mason! Near Calke, Watson's N.B.G. 

TRIGONBLLA X. 
*T. purpurascens -£«'"'. 

Casual ? E. 

T2. Breadsall, not common, Crewe d- Whittaker, 1864. 

MEDICAGO L. 
*M.. sativa L. 

Casual. 

C. Waste ground about Renishaw Furnaces, Waterfall. 
T2. Works of the railway between Breadsall and Derby, Crewe & Whittaker, 
1864. 

M. lupulina L. Black Medie. 

Native. B. Pastures, cultivated land, waysides. Common. A. or B. 
May-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed and plentiful everywhere. " Common up to 400 yai'ds," 
Baker, J.B. 

*M. denticulata mild. 

Casual. E. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NaU. 
Var. npiculata (Willd.). 

Tl. Cultivated ground, Mickleover, Bindley. 

*M. arabica Huds. M. maculata Sibth. 

Alien. E. Cultivated land. A. July-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. College Meadows, The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. 

Tl. Shirley; Hollington. 



LEGUMINOSiE. 103 

MELILOTUS Hall. 

M. oflBcinalis Lam. MelUot. M. altissima Thuill. 

Colonist. E. Waysides, railway banks, fields. Rare. A. June- Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. Trifolium officinale. 

C. About Eenishaw, Waterfall. Near Dore ; railway bank, Codnor Park ; 
near the Station, Killamarsh. 

Tl. Between New Farm and Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 
Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. 

T2. Aston, Hasse, CD. Chellaston; Nottingham Road Station, Derby, 
Painter, J.B. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Near Trent Lock. 

T3. By the tramway at Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Painter, J.B. 
Burton, Sh. Mason ! The Oaks Plantation and Drakelow, N.H. Tutb. 
Brizliucote, Gihhs. Repton, Wild 11. Bept. 

*M. alba I>esr. 

Casual. 

C. Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. Beighton, on waste ground. 

*M. arvensis TTnlir. 

Alien. E. Waste ground, cultivated land. Rare. A. June- Aug. 

Gl. Casual on roadside between Edale and Hope. 

Tl. Fields, Shirley Common ; Ednaston. 

T2. Along the railway line between Derby and Borrowash, Smith MSS. 

T3. Repton, Painter, NatK 

*M. indica All. 

Casual. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK 



TRIFOLIUM L. 
T, subterraneum L. 

Native? E. Rare. 

T2. Near Sandiacre Church, very scarce, Atkinson, CD. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Rejit. 

T. pratense L. Red Clever. 

Native. B. Pastures, waysides. Common. P. May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. sativum Schreb. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. 
T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

Var. silvestre Syme. 

L. About Dovedale, Purchas. 



104 LEGUMINOSiE. 

T. medium L- Zigzag Clover. 

Native. B. Banks, pastures, roadsides. Frequent. P. June-Oct. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Ashwood Dale, 300 yards. Baker, J.B. Matlock Bath, Bowland, CD. 

Near Mappleton, Furchas. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Conies Dale, Peak 
Forest ; Brassington. 

Gl. Etherow district; Lydgate, Chapel-en-le-Frith ; Allport Dale; Hather- 
sage. 

G2. Cromford Canal, Rogers. Abney ; Great Hucklow ; Press Reservoirs. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Beighton ; by a pool, east of Killamarsh ; 
east of Totley ; woods north of Coal Aston ; near Hardwick Wood ; Ault Hucknall ; 
Dale. 

P. Bolsover ; Clowne ; Scarcliffe Park Wood ; Cresswell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Between Kedleston and Brailsford ; Shirley ; 
Cubley ; Longford ; Lime Quarries, Snelston ; Barton Blount ; Little Derby, and 
Findern. 

T2. Ockbrook, Painter, J.B. Breadsall, Crewe & Wldttaker. Sandiacre. 

T3. A solitary plant on Pistern Hill ; also near the Ticknall Limeworks, 
Purchas, J.B. Calke, Bloxam. Bretby, Harris, CD. Canal bank, Willington, 
Painter, NatK Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

T. arvense L. Haresfoot Trefoil. 

Native. BE. Dry fields, banks, roadsides. Local. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Whittaker, CD. 

P. Langwith. 

Tl. Fiudern, Painter, NatK Langley, Pilkington. 

T2. Railway bank near Borrowash Station, Smith MSS. 

T3. Near Foremark, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Gravel 
Pit, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

T. striatum -£• Soft Knotted Trefoil. 

Native. E. Dry places, banks. Rare, plentiful locally. A. June- July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale Station to Wormhill, 350 yards. West, J.B. Monsal Dale, 
Painter, J.B. Thorpe Cloud, Nowers. 

T2. Near Borrowash Station, Smith MSS. At Sawley, and on banks below 
Sawley by the Trent ; banks by R. Derwent, near Great Wilne, abundant. 

T3. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Meashani, F.L. in 
Tr. Burton. 

T. scab rum. L. 

Native? E. Very rare. A. June-July. 
First found, Salt, 1801, Eb. Salt. 
L. Bakewell, Hb. Salt. 

T3. Burton, JJb. Mason ! but uncertain whether in Derbyshire or Stafford- 
shire. 



LEGUMINOS^. 105 

*T. hybridum L. Ahlke clover. T. elrgam Savi. 

Alien. Cultivated land, waste ground. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First found, Creive d- Whittaker, 1864. First record, B. <i; N., J.B., 1885. 

L. Eoadsides and forage fields about Matlock, B. d- N., J.B. Chee Dale, 
Hh. Mason ! 

Gl. Near Whaley Bridge, Barker. Edale ; Bamford ; Hathersage. 

G2. Baslow, and Pilsley; Ashover. 

C. Wingerworth ; MiUthorpe, near Holmesfield ; Press. 

P. Cresswell ; by Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley ; Ednaston ; Mammerton, Longford ; 
Church Broughton; Cross o' th' Hands, Hulland Ward. 

T2. Breadsall, probably introduced with foreign clover seed, Crewe d Whit- 
taker. Trent Station, and near Thrumpton Ferry, and Trent Lock. 

T. repens L. Batch Clover. White Clover, 

Native. B. Pastures, meadows, waysides. Common. P. May-Nov. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. A pro- 
liferous form has been found by damp roadsides, in Tl. 

T. fragiferum L- Straicberry-headed Clover. 

Native. E. Damp waysides, meadow borders. Eare and local. P. 
Aug.-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Roadside between Fenny Bentley and Tissington, Purchas. 

G2. Duffield, Glover. 

C. Near Stanton-by-Dale, formerly, Hasse, CD. 

Tl. Fields by Yeldersley Lane, near Shirley, 500 ft. 

*T. agrarium i. J^op Trefoil. 

Alien. In crops. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Tl. Fields at Bradley Park Farm, Bradley. 

T. procumbens L. Hop Trefoil. 

Native. B. Arable land, pastures, waysides. Frequent. A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Frequent up to 400 yards on the walls of Peveril Castle, Baker, J.B. 
Miller's Dale, Rogers. Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Cressbrook. 

Gl. Between Whaley Bridge and Chapel Reservoir, Barker. Edale. 

G2. Stanton ; Pilsley ; Ashover. Crich, Pilkington. 

C. By the canal, near Kirk Hallam ; Codnor Castle; Loscoe ; Tibshelf; 
Arkwright Town ; Dale. 

P. Cresswell, The Naturalist. Pleasley ; Langwith. 

Tl. Turnditch, Painter, J.B. Near the Canal below Osmaston ; Egginton 
Station ; Mickleover ; Marston Montgomery ; Doveridge ; Shirley. 



106 leguminosjE. 

T2. Near Trent Station. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Eepton, 
Wild Fl. Eept. 

T. dubium Sibth. Lesser Yellow Trefoil. T. minus Sm. 

Native. BE. Pastures, waysides, commons, lawns. Common. A. 
June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. T. filiforme. 

Generally distributed. " Frequent up to 450 yards over Burbage, Buxton," 
Baker, J.B. Higger Tor, above Hathersage, 470 yards. 

T. filiforme L. 

Native. E. Pastures, commons, roadsides. Rather rare. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

L. Middleton Dale, Carr, CD. About Dovedale, Purchas. Miller's Dale, 
Painter, J.B. 

Tl. Sapperton; Boylestone Old Hall; Barton Park; Hilton Common, in an 
old lane. 

T2. Banks by the Trent, near Sawley. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. About Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Milton, W.G. 
in Tr. Burton. 



ANTHYLLIS L. 

A. Vulneraria L. Ladij's Fingers. ICidney Veteh. 

Native. B. Dry banks and slopes, especially on limestone. Local. P. 
June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Bonsall, and Matlock Bath, up to 300 yards, B. ci: N., J.B. Miller's Dale, 
and Monsal Dale, West, J.B. Cromford, Rowland, CD. The Winnatts, Castleton ; 
Dovedale ; Blackwell Dale, CD. Buxton, Bogers. Middleton Dale, The 
Naturalist. Harborough Rock; Bradwell ; Great Hucklow ; Conies Dale, Peak 
Forest. 

Gl. Edale, and near Hope. 

G2. Eyam Moor. 

C. Dale, Hasse, CD. Waste ground at Renishaw Furnaces, Waterfall, 
CD. Near the Station, Killamarsh. S. Normanton, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell Crags, The Naturalist. Steetly Quarry ; Bolsover ; Nether 
Langwith ; Elmton ; Markland Grips ; Belph Moor. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Casual in fields, Yeldersley. 

T3. Very scarce, a solitary plant in old stonepit near Ticknall ; a second 
afterwards appeared, Purchas, J.B. Linton, N.H. Tutb. Measham, Harris, CD. 
Between Repton and Willington, Wild Fl. Bept. 



LEGUMINOS^. 107 

LOTUS L. 

Xj. COrniculatuS L- Bird's Foot Trrfoil. 

Native. B. Pastures, waysides. Common, P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General and everywhere abundant. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

A curious depauperate form or state occurs with the type in L. on Long- 
stone Edge, plentifully, and in G2, by a lane side between Corbar and Far 
End, Baslow ; it sends up many erect shoots, with leaves and pale yellow petals 
less than half the size of the type ; the standard is straight not reflexed, the 
keel less curved, the wings narrow oblong. 

L. tenuis TValdst ^- Kit. 

Native. BE. Fields, waste places, on marshy or calcareous soil. Rare 
P. June-Aug. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Dovedale, Garner. 

P. Nether Langwith. 

Tl. Cornfields [Osmaston-by- Ashbourne neighbourhood], Smith MSS, 

T3. Cauldwell, N.H. Tidh. 

L. uliginOSUS Schkuhr. L. major Sm. L. j^Ho.sns Beeke. 

Native. BE. Meadows, woods, ditch banks, marshes. Frequent. June- 
Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Common by the Wye up to 450 yards, Baker, J.B. Matlock, thickets 
and damp grassy places up to 300 yards, B. d- N., J.B. Buxton, Bogers. 
Monsal Dale ; Dovedale, CD. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers. Chinley ; Edale ; Etherow district; near 
the Snake Inn. 

G2. Cromford Canal, Bogers. Froggatt ; Kelstedge. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Totley Moss ; Wilday Green, Barlow ; 
Moorhole, near Hackenthorpe; Wadshelf ; Millthorpe, near Holmesfield; New 
Stanton; Newton Wood. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Church Broughton ; Barton Fields ; between Longford and Boylestone ; 
Sudbury, near the Dove ; near the Spread Eagle, Findern. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

I'd. Sides of ditches, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby; Repton Rocks, Gibbs. 
Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! About Burton-on-Treut ; Willington, Painter, J.B. i& 
Natt. Repton, Wild Fl. RejJt. 

ORNITHOPUS I. 
O. perpusillus i- Bird's-foot. 

Native. BE. Sandy commons and pastures. Local. A. May- July. 
First record, Pilkingto7i, 1789. 



108 LEGUMINOS.E. 

G2. Roadside, Ball Cross Wood, Edensor, Ge?n of the Peak. Cross o' th' 
Hands, Hulland Ward. Dethick, Pilkington. 

C. Morley Moor, Painter J.B. Near Dale, Hasse, CD. 

Tl. Lower part of Edlaston Coppy, Miss Sandford. Fiiidern, Painter^ 
Natt. Near Bradley Wood. Quarndou Common, Pilkington. 

T2. Locko Park, Basse, CD. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phijt. 

T3. Melbourne, Hasse, CD. Cauldwell ; Egginton, Painter, J.B., d Natt. 
Willington, Noweis. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

HIPPOCRBPIS I. 

HippOCrepis COmosa i- Hvr.scshoe Vetch. 

Native. EG. Dry limestone slopes. Rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1835. 

L. Monsal Dale, Watson's N.B.G. Dovedale, Smith MSS. Buxton, Buxton 
Guide. Topley Pike, Carr. Wooded slopes of Chee Tor. 

*Onobrychis vicisefolia Scop. Hcdt/sarutu onobi-ychis. 
Casual. EG. Glover, 1829. 
L. Matlock, Crewe &• Whittaker. 

VICIA L. 

V. hirsuta Gray. C'oiHtiwn Tare. 

Native. BE. Waste places, fields, roadsides. Local. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Ervum hirsutum. 

L. Miller's Dale, 300 yards. West, J.B. Ashwood Dale, CD. 

G. 2. Baslow, Gem of the Peak. 

C. Loscoe. Pinxton ; Langlej' Field, Pilkington. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. Roadside, Sutton-on-the-Hill ; Foston ; 
Doveridge; Yeldersley Fields. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe & Whittaker. Spondon ; Morley, CD. Near Trent 
Station. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Purchas, J.B. Walton, Gihhs. Stapenhill, Hh. 
Mason! Drakelow, Harris, CD. Between Repton and Twyford, Wild FL 
Bept. Roadside, east of Egginton Common. 

V. gemella Crantz. V. tctraspcriiia Moench. 

Native. EB. Arable land, hedges, waysides. Not common. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. In the path up the rock behind Phoebe's 
Cottage, Matlock, Glover. 

P. Clowne. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirley ; Sutton-on-the-Hill ; Sapperton ; 
Barton Park ; Mackworth. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Ptircha.'!, J.B. Walton, Gibbs. Canal Bank near 
Willington, Tr. Burton. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bei)t. 



LEGUMINOSiE. 109 

V. Cracca L. Tufted Vetch. 

Native. B. Hedges, wood borders. Common. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Frequent up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. A form with pure white flowers 
l)y the canal, below New Stanton. 

V. silvatica L. Wood Vetch. 

Native. SB. Rocky woods. Local. P. June-Aug. 

First records, Engl. Bot., 1793; Burton, 1817. 

L. Cressbrook Dale ; between Bradbourne and Fenny Bentley, Bailey, CD. 
Matlock, Hb. Bicheno. Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Deep Dale, Buxton, Green, 
CD. Via Gellia, Waterfall. Coldwell Bridge, Blore, Sttiith MSS. Lathkil Dale ; 
King's Sterndale. 

G2. Near Duffield, Glover. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

v. sepium L. Bmh Vetch. 

Native. B. Banks, hedge-sides, wood borders. Common. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Ascends to 450 yards on the Burbage moors," Baker, J.B. " Up to 300 j'ards 
about Matlock," B. d- N., J.B. A white-flowered form occurs near Yeldersley 
Hamlet, Smith MSS. ; also in the lane by Shirley Common (Tl). 

*V. sativa Z. Vetch. 

Casual. Arable laud, railway banks, waste ground. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. On cultivated ground only, about Matlock, B. <£- N., J.B. Agnes Meadow, 
near Kniveton. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Between Shirley Village and Ednaston, 
Sniith MSS. Foston. 

T2. Ockbrook, S7nith MSS. Breadsall, Crewe £ Whittaker. 

T3. Milton ; canal side, Willington, Gibbs. Burton, Hb. Mason ! Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. Egginton Common. 

V. angUStifolia L- Wild Vetch. 

Native. BE. Hedge-banks, heaths, wood borders. Not uncommon. A. 
May-Aug. 

First record. Wild Fl. Bept., 1866. 

L. Ascends up to 300 yards in Miller's Dale, Bogers, J.B. 

Gl. Edale. 

G2. Baslow. 

Tl. Turnditch, Painter, J.B. Egginton Station; by Spread Eagle Inn, 
Findern; Bearwardcote, Mickleover. 

T2. Draycott, Gibbs. Morley, Painter, NatK Elvaston ; by the canal 
below Osmaston. 



110 LEGUMINOSiE. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Gresley, Painter, J .B. Between Repton and Milton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 
Var. Bobartii Koch. 

Tl. Gravelly bank of pasture, Shirley. 

T3. Dimminsdale, Calke, Purchas, J.B. 

[V. lathyroides L- 

Native or error ? B. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept.'] 

LATHYRUS L. 
*L. Aphaca L. 

Casual. E. Pilkiiigtoji, 1789. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

T3. Flint Mill yard, Newton Road, Burton, Nowers. 

L. Nissolia L. Grass Vetch. Top. Bot. " Davidson sp." 

Native. E. Fields, broken ground, banks. Rare and local. A. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Cornfield near Alfreton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Nutwood at Darley [Derby], Glover. 

T2. Draycott House, Smith MSS. Betwixt Breaston and Risley, Pilkington.. 

*L hirsutus i^. 

Casual. LG. Pilkington, 1789. 

C. South Normanton, Pilkington. 

T3. Flint Mill yard, Newton Road, Burton, Nowers. 

L. pratensis L. Mm-iow VetchUng. 

Native. B. Meadows, hedges, banks. Common and abundant. P. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

L, silvestris L. Everlasting Pea. 

Native. E. Woods, bushy banks. Local and rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829 (doubtful, as he gives the flowers yellow)^ 
CD. 1889. 

T2. Weston-upon-Trent, Atkinson, CD. By canal, below Chellaston. 

[L, palustris L. 

Native, or error? E. Pilkington, 1789. 
C. Pinxton, Pilkington.'] 

L. montanus Bemh. Wood Pea. Orobm tuberosm L. 

Native. B. Heaths, waysides, banks, wood borders. Frequent. P. April- 
July. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. 



LEGUMINOS^. ROSACE.E. Ill 

L. Alsop Moor, not common on the limestone, Purchas, J.B. Ashwood 
Dale, Green, CD. Miller's Dale, Rogers, J.B. Near Matlock, Waterfall, CD. 
Near Bradwell, Painter, Nat*. Stony Middleton ; Tideswell Dale. 

Gl. Between Bugsworth and E. Goyt, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers. Edale ; 
near the Snake Inn ; Woodseats, near Castleton ; Chinley ; near Eyam ; 
Hathersage. 

02. Wirksworth ; Chatsworth, G?6Z>s. Pincham's Hill, Belper ; Idridgehay ; 
Abney ; east of Bradwell ; Great Hucklow ; between Birchover and Stanton ; 
Birchill Bank, Baslow. 

C. Totley ; West Hallam, Painter, Nat*. Near Beighton ; woods between 
Eckington and Norton, Glhhs. Denby ; Loscoe ; by pool east of Killamarsh ; 
Codnor ; Shirland ; New Stanton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirlej' ; Bradley ; Barton Park ; Findern. 
Nutwood at Darley, near Derby, Glover. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Dale Abbey Woods, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Scarce about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Etwall Eoad, 
Repton, Hagger, CD. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bejit. 
Var. acutifoUus Bab. Var. tenuifuUus Roth. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Painter, J.B. Ladybower, Edale, with 
the type. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. Bretby Park, Gibbs. Occurs occasionally with the type, Tr. Bxirton. 



ROSACE/E. 

PRUNUS L. 

P. SpinOSa L. Slor, Blackthorn. P. communis Huds. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods. Common. S. March-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed and everywhere common. " Native on the cliffs of 
the dales up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. The seasons when it fruits well are 
exceptional. In wet and dull springs the flowers accompany the leaves. Var. 
coetanea, E. B. Measham in B.b, Mason ! 

P. insititia Jiu/is. BuUace. 

Native. E. Hedges, copses. Frequent. S. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Via Gellia, B. <& N., J.B. Pindale, near Castleton. 

Gl. Edale, plentiful, perhaps cultivated ; Bamford. 

G2. Shatton; Kirk Ireton, west side. 

C. Field at the Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall, CD. Stanley, Painter, Nat* 
Calow ; Smalley ; Crowhole, near Barlow ; Slatepit Dale, Holymoorside ; New 
Brampton. Pinxton, Pilkington, 



112 ROSACEA. 

P. Palterton ; Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Derby, Painter, Nat*. Shirley; Brailsford, near Pool Head; Hatton ; 
Boylestone. Between Allestree and Quarndon ; Mackworth, Glover. 

T2. Breadsall, WJiittaker, Phyt. Ockbrook, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! Smith's Plantation, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 
Swarkeston. 

■*P. domestica -C. IFiM Plum. 

Alien. Hedges, thickets. Rare. S. April-May. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

C. Staveley, Painter, NatK Heanor, Watson's N.B.G. 

Tl. In a hedge in the Humbleton Farm, near Derby, Glover. 

T2. Ockbrook, Sjnith MSS. 

T3. An escape from cultivation at Calke Mill, Purchas, J.B. 

P. Avium L- Wild Chemj. Germ. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods and copses. Frequent. T. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Between Bugsworth and New Mills, Bogers, J.B. Mellor, Fl. Asliton. 

G2. Duffield, Painter, Natt. Baslow. 

C. Millhouses ; Beaiichief, The Naturalist. Norton, Gihbs. Woods N.E. 
•of Coal Aston ; Walton Wood ; Nether Loads, Old Brampton. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Kedleston, Painter, J.B. Shirley ; Over Burrows, Brailsford ; near 
Hilton. Derby, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Burkill, CD. Bretby, Gihbs. Drakelow, Hb. Mason. 

P. CeraSUS L. Bu-arf Cherry. 

Native. E. Hedges. Local and rather rare. Small tree. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. In the Etherow district. 

G2. In the lane between Hassop and Baslow, Linton. 

P. Fields near Clowne, Waterfall, CD. Glapwell, Pilkington. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne ; Clifton, Smith MSS. Between Brailsford and 
Spinnyford Brook, in several places ; main road Osmaston to Ashbourn ; between 
Cubley Brook and Birchwood Park ; lane from Old Yeldersley to Ednaston. 
Mackworth, Pilkington, 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. By the Churchyard, Repton, Bejit. P\ & F. Bretby, 
Glover. 

P. Padus L. Bird Cherry. 

Native. S. Copses, woods. Local. T. May. 

First record. Bay. Cat., 1677. Cerasus avium nigra et raccmosa. 

L. Cliffs about Lovers' Leap, 350 yards. Baker, J.B. Chee Tor to Topley 
Pike, Carr. Monk's Dale, 350 yards, West, J.B. Via Gellia, Bowland, CD. 
Matlock, Bot. Guide. Lathkil Dale and Brassiugton Rocks, Gihhs. Cromford, 
Crewe & Whittaker. Upper end of Dovedale; Fenny Bentley, Purchas, J.B. 



ROSACEiE. 113 

Gl. Fernilee, frequent, Barker. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. Chapel-eu-le- 
Frith, Watson's N.B.G. AUport Dale; Bamford ; Near Eyam ; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage ; Woodseats, Castleton ; Edale. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Banks of E. Derweut, Whatstandwell, Painter, 
J.B. Shatton; near Offerton; Grindleford Bridge. 

Tl. Low thickets on Wyaston Brook, Smith MSS. Peathays, Shirley ; 
between Mercaston and Cupiss Lane, Brailsford. 

T3. Copse left of the road from Repton to BM'ton, Rept. F. <& F. 

SPIR^A X. 

S. Ulmaria L- Meadow Sweet. 

Native. B. Meadows, brooksides, copses. Common. P. Juue-Sept. 

First record, PilMngton^ 1789. 

L. Common in the limestone valleys to 350 yards, Baker, J.B. Miller's 
Dale; Buxton, Bogers. Monk's Dale, 350 yards. West, J.B. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Fi-ith, Bogers. Near the Snake Inn; Edale. 

G2. By the Cromford Canal, Bogers. Baslow ; Kelstedge. Duifield, 
Pilkingto7i. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. By West Hallam Station ; Dale ; Alfreton ; 
Newton Wood; by Pebley Pond. Pinxton, Pilkingtou. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Common about Derby, CD. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley ; Barton 
Blount ; Marston-on-Dove ; Canal side below Osmaston. 

T3. Ditches at Calke, Pwrchas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

S. Pilipendula i. ih-opwort. 

Native. EG. Dry pastures, preferring limestone. Local. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Between Newhaven and Middleton, by Grange Mill, Purchas. Miller's 
Dale; Hartington; Youlgreave, Painter, J.B. d: Nat*. Buxton, Buxton Guide. 
Dovedale, Bindl-ey. Cressbrook Dale, Tunsley Dale and Litton. 

T2. Between Chellaston and Weston-on-Trent, Purchas, J.B. 

T3. In very small quantity in one or two spots about Calke, and in a spot 
between Ticknall and Hartshorn, Purchas, J.B. Between Swarkeston and 
Ingleby, Hasse, CD. Between Parson's Hill and the Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bept. 

RUBUS L. 

R. idaeUS X. Raspberry. 

Native. B. Waysides, hedges, woods, heaths. Common. S. June-July. 

First record, Martyn, Phil. Trans. XXXVI. 1729. 

"Common up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough," Baker, J.B. "Up to 800 
yards about Matlock," B. d- N., J.B. Up to 350 yards near the Snake Inn ; 400 
yards at Totley Moss. 
Var. obtusifoUus Willd. R. Leesii Bab. 

G2. Wirksworth, between the railway and the Tennis Club Ground, Gibbs. 

I 



114 ROSACE.E. 

Tl. Near Hulland Ward, between Mercastoh and Intake Chapel ; 
Shirley Vicarage grounds, B.E.C. Rep. 1890, 284, and 1891, 326. 

The variety invariably occurs with the tj'pe, and in less quantity. 
Var. afiperrhmm Leei=i. 

G2. Chatsworth. 

C. Walton Wood, Linton. 

R. fruticOSUS L. Brainlle. Blackberry. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods, copses, heaths. Common. S. June-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

The aggregate species ranges from the lowest levels, about 30 yards up to 
about 450 yards, B. Sehneri and B. dasyplryllus reaching the highest altitude. 

R. flssus LhvU. 

Native. B. Boggy places in woods and by streams. Not uncommon. 
S. June- July. 

First record, Purchas, J.B., 1885. 

L. Between Scow Brook and Kirk Ireton. 

Gl. Derwent Dale ; Edale ; near Hope, by E. Noe ; near Eyam. 

G2. Near Alderwasley ; near Wirksworth, Gihhs. Woods, Harthill Moor ; 
Ramsley Moor, near Baslow ; above Hathersage ; Grindleford Bridge ; Froggatt ; 
woodland near Stanton. 

C. Near Holmesfield, The Naturalist. Smeekly Wood, Gihhs. Moor Lawn 
Coppice, Holymoorside. 

Tl. On the New Red Sandstone at Bradley Wood, east of Ashbourne, 
Purchas, J.B. Shirley Wood; The Holt, Ednaston; near Drabble Car, Bradley 
Brook ; Hulland Moss ; Cross o' th' Hands ; Breward's Car, Mugginton. 

[R. suberectus Anders., Smith MSS., also J.B. 1889, 178, 252, was an 
ei-ror.] 

R. Rogersii Lintvn. 

Native. B. Hedges in boggy ground. Local and rare. S. Late June- 
Sept. 

First record, B.E.C. Bep. for 1890, 1891, 285. B. opacus var. See also 
J.B., 1894, 213-4. 

Tl. Shirley, hedges between the Mill and the Wood. 

R. plicatus ^r. i\' N. Top. Bot. " Bloxam." 

Native. B. Copses, hedges, ditch banks. Local. S. June-Aug. 

First record, Watson, Cijh. Brit., 1852. 

G2. Froggatt ; Hathersage Booths. 

Tl. In hedges of pastures between the Mill and the Wooil, Shirley; 
Breward's Car, Mugginton ; Drabble Car, Bradley Brook ; lane between Bradley 
Wood and Nether Sturston. 

T3. Bog at Repton Rocks, probably correctly named, Purchas, J.B. Calke 
Abbey, Bloxam in Bah. Brit. Ruh. 

[R. nitidus, Painter, NatK, was an error.] 



ROSACE Ji. ^ 115 

R. carpinifolius ^r. 4- x. 

Native. B. Hedges and bushy places, open woods. Local. S. July-Sept.. 

First record, Purchas, J.B., 1885. R. ramosus. See also J.B., 1888, 330. 

L. Near Cressbrook School Church, CD. 

Gl. Derwent Dale; Ashopton; near Hope; Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford ;. 
Whaley Bridge ; between New Mills and Hague Bar. 

G2. Between Youlgreave and Robin Hood's Stride (named R. ramosus by 
Mr. Bloxani), Purchas, J.B. Abney Clovigh ; Otterdale, below Shatton Moor ; 
near Hathersage Booths; Froggatt; Calver ; by Bar Brook, above Baslow ; 
Belper. 

C. Near Dore, Tlie Naturalist. Near Beauchief Abbey; Wingerworth. 

Tl. Wood on the south side of Bradley ; Shirley Wood and Brook ; copse 
north of Ednaston Lodge ; Markeaton ; Allestree Park ; Sudbury. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Gihhs. 

R, incurvatus Bab. 

Native. AE. Hedges, bushy places. Local. S. July-Aug. 

First record, Rogers, J.B., 1885. 

L. Hill above Miller's Dale ; agrees with Welsh incurvatus, Rogers, J.B. 
Near Matlock Bridge, Wats. B.E.C. Rep., 1894, 4. Between Ashford and Tadding- 
ton, near R. Wye ; Sheldon ; Oaker Hill, near Wcnsley. 

Gl. Near Thornhill. 

G2. Hillcliff Lane, Shottle. 

C. Kirk Hallam ; by a pool east of Killamarsh ; Beighton ; Spink Hill, near 
Eckington. 

Tl. Roadside between Mickleover and Etwall, Gihbs. By Shirley Brook, 
Yeldersley, B.E.C. Rep. 1890, 288; and near the Church, Brailsford, B.E.C. Rep. 
1888, 207 {B. Muenteri) ; Bradley ; Cockshead Lane, Norbury ; Allestree Park ; 
Church Broughton ; near Burnaston House ; Hilton ; between Longford and 
Boylestone. 

T2. About Long Eaton ; near Sawley Junction ; Shardlow. 

T3. Canal side between Willington and Findern, Gihhs. By the main road 
east side of Egginton Common ; Swarkeston Junction, by the canal. 

R. Lindleianus Lees. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods, heaths. Common. S. July-Aug. Fruits into 
November. 

First record, Watson, Cijb. Brit., 1852. R. niticlus. 

L. Quarry at Matlock Bath, B. & N., J.B. Quarry refuse at Cromford, 
Bailey, CD. Miller's Dale, Rogers. 

Gl. By the Etherow, near Dinting ; Charlesworth ; Woodseats, Castleton ; 
Bamford ; Hathersage ; Low Leighton, near New Mills. 

G2. Woods and thickets at Whatstandwell, B. d- N., J.B. By Cromford 
Canal, Rogers. Wirksworth, Gihhs. Shatton ; east of Bradwell ; near Hather- 
sage ; Grindleford Bridge. 

C. Denby; West Hallam Station; Mapperley; Loscoe ; Beighton; Coal 
Aston ; Dale ; New Stanton. 



116 . ROSACEiE. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Hedges at Bradley Wood, Purchas. Boylestone, Gibbs. Allestree Park ; 
Shirley ; Chuixh Broughton ; Sudbury. 

T2. Sandiacre ; about Long Eaton. 

T3. Hedges and thickets about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. 
Willington, Painter, Natt. Swarkeston. 

R. erythrinus Gnur. 

Native. EA. Woods, hedges, bushy banks. Rare. S. July- Aug. 
First record, B.E.C. Bep. for 1900, 1901. 

C. By a bridge over the stream on the south side of Holymoorside ("seems 
very near B. erythrinus," Rogers). 

R. durescens ^r. /?. Linton. 

Native. L. Hedges, heaths, bushy banks, woods. Local. S. July-Aug. 

First record, B.E.C. Bep. for 1887, 1888, 175. B. sej^torum. See also J.B., 
1892, 70. 

G2. Between Ambergate and Wirksworth, Gibbs. Hillcliff Lane, Shottle ; 
Belper ; DuflQeld ; Holbrook, and Daypark. 

Tl. Cross o' th' Hands, HuUand Ward ; Hulland Moss ; Breward's Car, 
Mugginton ; Wood Lane, Brailsford ; between Shirley and Ednaston ; Bradley 
Wood ; between Church Broughton and Sutton. 

R, rhamnifolius ?r, ^- ^Y. 

Native. EB. Hedges, heaths. Local. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Baker, J.B., 1884; also J.B., 1895, 48. 

L. Bottom of Monsal Dale, 200 yards. Baker, J.B. 

G2. Belper. 

Tl. Breward's Car, Mugginton; Long Lane, towards Brailsfoi'd ; Thurvaston 
Stoop ; Osliston. 

T3. In hedges about Calke, Purchas, J.B. 
Var. Bakcri F.A. Lees. 

Gl. Charlesworth ; near Ashopton Inn. 

Tl. Lane between Old Ednaston and Brailsfoi'd Bridge. 

R. dumnoniensis Bab. 

Native. EA. Hedges, thickets. Rare. S. July-Aug. 

First record, Bogers, Brit. Bub., 1900. 

T3. Close to Repton, on the left hand, going to Willington ; between 
Repton Park and the Hayes, at the corner of the roads to Burton and 
Hartshorn, Gibbs. 

R. pulcherrimUS yomi. E. umbrosm auct. angl. J.B. 1890, 131, 166. 

Native. BA. Hedges, commons, heaths. Frequent. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson's Cijb. Brit., 1852. B. caijjinif alius. 

L. Monsal Dale ; Wye Valley, below Chee Tor, 200-250 yards, Baker, J.B. 
Not seen about Matlock, B. d N., J.B. 



ROSACEA. 117 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn ; Ashopton ; Charlesworth ; The Heath, Glossop ; 
Mills, near Mellor ; Eccles Pike, 1,100 feet ; Edale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; 
Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Belper ; Hazelwood ; Otterdale, below Shatton 
Moor ; east of Bradwell ; near Hathersage Booths ; Froggatt ; Totley Moss. 1,200 
feet ; Hay Wood, Grindleford. 

C. Millhouses; near Holmesfield, The Naturalist. Lady Wood, near Kirk 
Hallam ; Droufield ; Killamarsh ; Wood Linkin, near Codnor, and near Codnor 
Station. 

Tl. Bradley Wood, Purchas, J.B. Breward's Car, and near Intake Chapel, 
Mugginton ; Kedleston ; AUestree Park ; HuUand Moss ; Brailsford ; Shirley ; 
The Holt, Edlaston; Long Lane; Hatton [B.E.C. Bep. 1888, 208, B. near 
rhombifolius and leucnmlrus ; 1887, 171; 1888, 207, B. Muenteri ; 1890, 290, 
B. pohjanthemos) . 

T3. Between Calke and Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. Eepton, Saggar, CD. 
Milton; Willingtou ; Repton Rocks; Bretby, Gibbs. Egginton Common. 

R. Lindeberg-ii R J. ^Vm-n. .lb., 1892, 114. 

Native. B. Heaths, bushy banks, fields. Local. S. July- Aug. 

First record, J.B., 1895. 

L. Masson Hill, Matlock Bath ; Taddington Dale ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Wash, and Malcoff, near Chapel ; Chinley ; Briergrove. Rowarth ; 
Edale ; Bamford. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Abney Clough ; Shatton and Otterdale ; Froggatt ; 
Edensor. 

C. Fox Lane, near Unthank, Gibbs. Wadshelf. 

Tl. About Stenson and Findern ; The Knowl, Bradley ; Hulland Moss ; 
Breward's Car, Mugginton ; Mercaston ; Yeldersley Lane. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. 

R. villicaulis Kochl., var. Selmeri L'uidcb. R. nffinis Blox. Top. Bot. 

"Bloxam." J.B., 1894, 43. 

Native. B. Hedges, cars, thickets. Frequent. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson's Cyb. Brit. 1852. B. affinis. 

Gl. Between New Mills and Bugsworth, Bogers. Charlesworth ; by the 
Etherow, near Dinting; Mills, near Mellor; Chinley, 1,100 feet on Eccles Pike; 
Edale ; Ashopton. 

G2. Near Stony Middleton ; woodland, Hathersage Booths ; Froggatt ; 
Curbar ; Hay Wood, Grindleford ; Kelstedge. 

Tl. The Holt, Edlaston {B.E.C. Bep. 1890, 285, and 1891, 326) ; east of 
Church Broughton ; Burnaston ; Breward's Car, Mugginton ; near Nether Biggin ; 
Blackwall. 

T3. White Lees, Ticknall, and by the side of the Repton Road, Ticknall, 
Purchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. By the main road, east of Egginton 
Common. 



118 ROSACEA, 

Var. calmtm Blox. J.B. 1887, and 1894, 44. 

Gl. Above Low Leighton, New Mills. 

G2. Woodland, Hathersage Booths. 

Tl. Between Willington and Findern, Gibhs. Shirley [B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 
206); The Holt, Edlaston; Snelston ; Sudbury; Allestree Park; a setose form 
near Ednaston Hall {B.E.C. Bep., 1887, 172, and 1890, 289). 

T3. Bank of Ashby Eoad, over Pistern Hill ; also at Dimminsdale, Calke, 
Piirdias, J.B. Repton Rocks ; lane to Milton, just above Repton Park Road, 
Gibhs. 

F. calvnla. A small form or variety, intermediate between B. calvatus and 
B. (lurescens, occurs in several places in Tl, near Shirley and Brailsford, B.E.C. 
Bep. for 1899, 1900. 

R. rhombifolius irnhc. 

Native? E. Hedges. Rare. S. July-Sept. 

First record, J.B., 1895, 49. 

Tl. Near Spinnyford Bi-ook, towards the Knob, Hulland. 

R. gratus Fockc. 

Native ? EB. Heaths, woods, hedges. Rare. S. July- Aug. 
First record, B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 173. 
Tl. By the brook in Shirley Wood. 

R. thyrsoideus Wimm. .T.B., 1893, 45; 1894, 45. 

Native. E. Hedges. Locally plentiful. S. Late July-Aug. 

First record, Top. Bot. 140, Bloxam, 1874; also Purchas, J.B., 1887. 

Tl. Findern; Etwall, Gibhs. Staker Flats, Mickleover. 

T2. Near Trent Station ; by the canal near Thrumpton Ferry and Trent 
Lock; near Sawley ; about Chellaston Station; Long Eaton; Elvaston. 

T3. Near Stanton-by-Bridge, Purchas, J.B. (Bloxam first found and correctly 
named this). Repton, CD. Milton ; between Stapenhill and Gauldwell, Gibbs. 
Egginton Common ; near Swarkeston Church {B.E.C. Bep., 1895, 475). 

R. robustus P.J. Maell. J.B., 1895, 78. 

Native. E. Hedges, copses. Locally plentiful, S. July-Aug. 
First record, B.E.C. Bep., 1890, 249. B. macroacantlms. 
Tl. Yeaveley ; Stydd ; between Snelston and Darley Moor. 

R. rusticanus Merc. 

Native. B. Hedges, thickets. Freqixent. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson's Ci/b. Brit., 1852. B. discolor. 

L. Common about Tissington and Dovedale ; seen only once at Matlock in 
a lane at the top of Bonsall; B. (C- N., J.B. Monsal Dale, CD. Matlock Bath, 
plentiful; near Calver. 

G2. Calton Lees, Chatsworth ; Shottle Gate ; Hazelwood. 

C. Near Wingfield, Gibbs. Millthorpe, near Holmesfield ; Spink Hill, 
Eckington ; by pool east of Killamarsh ; Kirk Hallam; Beighton ; Crowholc, 
Barlow ; Sutton ; Barlboi'ough ; New Stanton ; Dale. 



ROSACE.E. 119 

P. Common on the Magnesian limestone, The Naturalist. Lolsover; 
Whaley Mill. 

Tl. Muggintou, Painter, NatK Shirley; Mercaston ; Cubley ; about Tut- 
bury Station ; Hoon ; Longford. 

T2. Near Thrumpton Ferry, and Trent Lock ; Risley Park. 

T3. Hedges and banks about Calke ; B. macroacanthiis Blox., between 
White Lees and Broadstone, Ticknall, Ptirchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Stautoa- 
by-Bridge, Painter, Natt. Egginton Common. 

R. pubescens Jf'eihe. R. thyrsoidem Bab. 

Native. E. Hedges. Local and rare. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson's Gyb. Brit., 1852. B. thyrsoideus. 

G2. Near the railway station at Whatstandwell, B. it N., J.B. 

Tl. Near Mercaston. 

R. macrophyllus ^^. ^- N". 

Native. BA. Hedges, bushy places, woods. Local. S. July-Aug. 
First record, Watson's Cyb. Brit., 1852. 

G2. Alderwasley ; Ambergate, Gibbs. Millpool, Woolley, Ashover Hay. 
C. Chamnifield Wood, Linacre Brook (a form going off towards B. dani- 
cus Focke, Bogers), Gibbs. 

Var. Schlrchtcndahi (Weihe). J.B. 1895, 79. 

Tl. Spinnyford Brook, south of Hulland, by the roadside. 

Yar. amplifimtus (Lees). Buh. Brit. Rub., 1869. 

G2. Thickets at Whatstandwell, B. d- N., J.B. By the Cromford Canal, 
Bogers. Old qiaarry, Pincham's Hill, Belper ; Lindup Wood, Chatsworth ; 
Kelstedge. 

C. Newton Wood, abundant. 

Tl. Sandy Brook, near Ashbourne, rare, Purchas, J.B. Near Shirley, 
B.E.C. Bep., 1893, 364. Cross o' th' Hands, near Hulland; Blackwall. 

T3. Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. Calke Abbey, Bah. Brit. Buh. 

R. Sprengelii iVeihc. 

Native. AE. Hedges, heaths, copses. Frequent. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson's Cyb. Brit., 1852. 

Gl. Ashopton ; Chinley ; near Crowden Reservoir ; Glossop ; Charlesworth ; 
Edale ; Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford ; Hood Brook, Hathei-sage. 

G2. Seen once between Whatstandwell and Wirksworth ; moors near 
Einginglow and Dore ; Stanton Moor, The Naturalist. Near Stony Middleton ; 
woodland near Hathersage Booths ; Froggatt ; below Abney, and Highlow Hall ; 
near Birchover ; Belper. 

C. Brookside above Denby ; Hackenthorpe and Moorhole ; Park Hall 
Woods, near Barlborough; woods near Coal Aston; near Beauchief Abbej- ; 
Linacre Wood ; Dale. 



120 ROSACEiE. 

Tl. Near Boylestone, Gihhs. Shirley; Yeldersley ; Bradley; Mercaston; 
Blackwall. 

T3. In hedges between Calke and Melbourne, and near to Southwood 
Farm, Puvchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Gihbs. Main road, east of Egginton 
Common. 

R. hirtifolius Miwii. s,- Wbtff. 

Native. AE. Hedges, bushy places. Rare. S. Jnly-Ang. 
First record. The Flora. 

C. Near Wingerworth, roadside near Slate-pit and Holymoorside, a form 
between the type and v. danicus {W.M. Rogers in litt.). 

R. pyramidalist Kait. 

Native. B. Commons, woods, hedges. Rare. S. July-Aug. 

First record, J.B., 1895, 80. 

Gl. Near New Mills. 

G2. By Bar Brook, above Baslow, Linton. 

C. Between Holymoorside and Wingerworth. 

Tl. Black Brook Road, near Mercaston. 

T3. Repton Shrubs; "a curious form going off from B. ■pijrainidalis towards 
B. Badnla" (Rogers); Repton Rocks, "I think a weak shade grown form" 
(Rogers), Gibhs. 

R. leucostachys SchhAch. 

Native. B. Hedges, banks, woods. Frequent. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson's Cijh. Brit., 1852. 

L. Monsal Dale, and roadside over Cressbrook Mill, 200-300 yards, BaAer, 
J.B. Dovedale ; about Matlock, ascending to 300 yards in Masson Wood, B. d- N., 
J.B. Near " Pig-ot-Lead," Cromford, Bailey, CD. Great Shacklow Wood. 

Gl. Etherow district ; Mills near Mellor ; Chinley ; Ashopton. 

G2. By Cromford Canal, Rogers. Near Eyam, and Grindleford Bridge; 
Birchover ; Abney Clough ; Belper ; Duffield ; Shottle Gate. 

C. Smalley ; West Hallam Station ; Mapperley ; Denby ; Duckmanton 
between Greenhill and Bradway ; Dale. 

P. Bolsover ; Elmton ; Markland Grips ; Langwith ; Cresswell ; Pleasley. 

Tl. Shirley; Brailsford ; Sudbury; Eaton Woods; Hatton ; AUestree Park. 
In this district the flowers vary in colour from white to deep pink. 

T3. Hedges between Calke and Pistern Hill, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. 

R. criniger Lintuu. 

Native. E. Lane-sides, woodlands, banks. Locally plentiful. S. July- 
Sept. 

First record, J.B., 1894, 108. This is the B. pubescens of B.E.C. Rep., 1888, 
172. 

Tl. Bradley; Yeldersley Lane ; Shirley; Snelston ; Holland Ward ; Hatton, 
and towards Heathtop; Little Derby, Etwall, and near Findern. 

T3. Milton ; Repton Rocks, Gibbs. 



ROSACE.E. 121 

R. mucronatus Blox. R. mucronxlatus Bor. 

Native. B. Hedges, copses. Local. S. July-Aug. 

First record, B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 172. M. ampJdchloros ? 

Gl. Ashopton, on the Shef&eld Road ; Mellor ; near Chisworth. 

C. Near Sheffield, in Derbyshire, Gibbs. 

Tl. About Stydd and Darley Moor ; Yeaveley ; Shirley, copse by brickyard; 
Bradley (B.S.C. BejJ., 1889, 211; B. Pitrchasii). 

R. ahglosaxonicus Grin-t. 

Native. E. Woods, hedges. Local and i-are. S. July-Sept. 

First found, Bailey, 1884; record, B.E.C. Bej}., 1888, 172 {B. pyramulalis) ; 
1890, 292, and 1892, 365. 

L. Above the New Bath Hotel, Matlock Bath, Bailey. Also east side of the 
river, near the Jubilee Bridge. 

G2. A form of this near Kelstedge, Ashover, B E.C. Eep., 1901, 630. 

Var. raditloides Rogers. 

C. Millhouses, Gihhs. 

Tl. Shirley Mill to the Lodge Farm, a form of this. 

R. melanoxylon Muell. 4- Wirtg. 

Native. S. Bushy places, hedges. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record. The Flora; Bogers Brit. Bab. [57]. 

C. By Great Pond, Wingerworth. 

Tl. A form of this at Tinker's Inn, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne. 

R, infestua TFeihe. 

Native. BA. Open woodland, hedges. Rather rare. S. July-Aug. 

First found, W. B. Linton, 1895 ; record, B.E.C. Bep., 1896, 477. 

Gl. Near Nether Hurst, Bamford ; Low Leighton, near New Mills. 

G2. Woodland near Hathersage Booths ; Froggatt ; Baslow ; Kelstedge ; 
Ambergate ; near Duffield. 

C. Brierly Wood, near Sheepbridge, not typical ; Lawn Moor Copse, Holj"- 
moorside. 

Tl. Between Rodsley and Yeaveley. 

R. Borreri Bclf. Salt. 

Native. EA. Open woodland, bushy places. Rare. S. July-Aug. 

First record, The Flora. 

C. Woodland about Unstone and Sheepbridge. 

R. Drejeri O. Jcmci. 

Native. EB. Woods, hedges, bushy places. Rare. S. July-Aug. 
First record. The Flora. 

G2. Railway bank opposite Wirksworth Station, Gibbs. 

C. Lounge Wood, near Unstone, Gibbs. Brierly Wood; between Peacock 
Inn and Horsley Gate. 



122 



ROSACEA. 



R. Radula Jin^'e. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods, commons. Rathei- rare, S. July-Sept. 
First record, Watson's Ci/b. Brit., 1852. 

L. Dovedale, B.E.C. Bep., 1883, 37. OxlowRake; High Dale, Taddington. 
G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. 

C. Millhouses, The Nataralist. Kirk Hallam ; Loscoe ; Coal Aston ; Denby ; 
by pool east of Killamarsh; Walton Wood. 

Var. KHffUcaiuts Rogens. 

Tl. Between Willington and Findern, Gibbs. 
T3. Bretby, Gibbs. 

Var. echlnutoldcs Rogers. J.B. 1895, 82. 

L. Taddington Wood, 200-250 yards, Baker, J.B. The Masson Woods, 300 
yards, B. ,(■ N., J.B. Miller's Dale, CD. Near Calver. 

Gl. Ashopton; Whaley Bridge. 

G2. By Cromford Canal, Sogers. Stanton Moor, Gibbs. Between Abney 
and Highlow Hill ; Shatton ; by R. Derwent, below Mytham Bridge ; Manners 
Wood, Chatsworth ; Hillcliff Lane. 

C. Hackenthorpe ; Unstone, Gibbs. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Between Mickleover and Etwall, Gibbs. Allestree Park ; Blackwall ; 
Shirley ; Yeldersley ; Snelston ; Eaton Woods ; Longford ; Barton Park. 

T3. Hedgebank of the Ashby Road, on Pistern Hill, Pmrlias, J.B. 

R. echinatus LhulL It. rudis Bab. 

Native. EB. Hedges, woods. Not nnfrequent. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson s Cyb. Brit., 1852. 

C. Cresswell, and Cresswell Crags. 

G2. Ashover Hay. 

Tl. Longford; Boylestone ; Cubley ; Yeaveley; Eaton Woods, abundant; 
The Holt, Edlaston ; Shirley ; Brailsford ; Kedleston ; Church Broughton to 
Sutton ; Hatton. 

T2. Risley Park. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby ; Linton, Gibbs. By canal, 
Swarkeston Junction, 

R. rudis Jr. 4- x. 

Native. E, Hedges and bushy places. Rare. S. July-Sept. 

First record, B.E.C. Bep., 1891, 317. 

L. On slopes west of Matlock Bath. 

C. Tjane side between Loscoefield and Wood Linkin, near Loscoe. 

R. oigOCladoS Mw//. if Lrfr., var. Newbouldii (Buh.). 

Native. E. Hedges, bushy i)laces. Rare. S. July-Aug. 
First record. The Flora ; for the type, Rogers Brit. Bub. [57] 



ROSACEA. 123 

C. Owler Car, north of Coal Aston, Gihhs. 

T3. Behind Eepton Park near Loscoe Farm ; bottom of Repton Shrubs by 
Hartshorn Road; Repton Rocks; hedge at the top end of Bretby Mill Dam, 
Gihhs. 

Var. Bloxamianus (Colem.). 

First record, J.B., 1863, 145. 

Tl. Roadside between Little Derby and Egginton Station, and near Bui-- 
naston House, and Spread Eagle Inn. 

T3. Repton, Hagger, CD. Hedges between Ticknall and Stanton-by- 
Bridge, Purchas, J.B. Roadside near Rosliston ; near Cauldwell ; Linton (a 
shade form of woods); Bretby; Milton, Gibbs. Willington {B. saxicoliis B.E.C. 
Bep. 1893), now placed here, fide Bogers. Between Willington and Egginton 
Common. 

R. podophyllus F. J. Mudi. 

Native. EA. Bushy places, ravines, hedges. Local. S. July-Aug. 

First record, Linton, J.B., 1894, 24. 

Gl. On quarry refuse near Charlesworth, Bailey. Tarden, near Mellor ; 
New Mills ; near Goyt's Bridge ; a robust quinate leaved form occurs about 
Charlesworth and Stirrup Benches. 

C. Near Owler Bar; Unstoue ; Dronfield ; Hackenthorpe, and Moorhole, 
Gihhs. 

T3. Willington; Repton, and Repton Shrubs; Milton, Gihhs. 

R. Babing"tonii Fell Salt. a. scrflcr Bab. 

Native. E. Woods, hedges. Rare. S. July-Aug. 

First record, Bab. Bnt. Bnb., 1869. B. scaher. 

C. Foxstone Wood, S. of Eckington; Old Park Wood, near Beauchief ; 
Brierly Wood, Unstone ; Moorhole, near Hackenthorpe, Gibbs. 

T3. Calke, Bab. Brit. B>tb. 
Var. phyllothyrsiis (K. Frid.) 

Tl. Shirley, laneside towards Shirley Park, Bogers [B.E.C. Bep., 1897). 

R. fuscus T^'. i- y. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods. Rare. S. July-Aug. 

First records, B.E.C. Bep., 1891, 294; 1892, 331. 

G2. Ambergate. 

C. Near Dore Station (v. macrostarhys P. J. M. ?) ; Cobnor Wood, Sheep- 
bridge (f. Bogers), Gihhs. 

Tl. About Hulland, B.E.C. Bep., 1894, 403; near Nether Biggin. 

R. pallidus ^r. cf x. 

Native. E. Copses, and bushy places, esiiecially near streams. Rare. S. 
July-Aug. 

First found, W. B. Linton, 1897; record, Bogers Brit. Btih., 1900. 

C. Smeekley Wood, near Holmesfield ; Owler Car, near Coal Aston, Gibhs. 
Wooded ravine between Owler Lees and Totley, 



124 ROSACE.E. 

R. scaber W. i- X. 

Native. EA. Hedges, roadsides, commons. Locally plentiful. S. Jnly- 
Sept. 

First record, Top. Bot., 1883; also B.E.C. Rep., 1893, 366. 

G2. Old quarry at Pincham's Hill, Belper ; roadside S.E. of Birchover ; 
Kelstedge ; Ambergate. 

C. Chamnifield Wood, on the Linacre Brook ; by a pond in Cobnor Wood, 
Shee^Dbridge ; Horsley Gate, and Cordwell, Gihhs. Hardwick Wood ; Moor Lawn 
Copse, Holymoorside ; Wingerworth ; Walton Wood ; Nether Loads, Old Bramp- 
ton ; Stone Edge Plantation. 

Tl. Plentiful about Cross o' th' Hands, Hulland Ward, B.E.C. Sep., 1894, 
410. 

R. folioSUS W. ^' X. i?. JcviiosHs M. & L. 

Native. EA. Bushy places, hedges. Eare. S. July-Sept. 
First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. B. Gilntheri. 

T3. Knowle Hills, Coleman in N.H.T. Eepton Shrubs and Repton Rocks, 
Gihhs. Bryan's Copse, Smisby, Hb. Mason. 

R. rosaceus ?r. ^- x. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods. Rare. S. July-Sept. 

First record, J.B., 1895, 101. 

G2. Alderwasley ; between Shottle Gate and Duffield, Gibbs. 

Var. /ii/.sfrix (W. & N.). 

First record, Top. Bot. 1883; also B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 175. B. Koehleri. 

Gl. Mills, near Mellor; Woodheys, near Chisworth; Whaley Bridge; New 
Mills ; near Chinley Station ; Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford. 

G2. Near Dore, "a strongly aoiculate form" {Bogers), The Naturalist. 
W^irksworth, Gihhs. Woodland at Froggatt ; near Birchover ; Beljjer ; Shottle 
Gate. 

C. Near Totley ; between Unstone and Dronfield, and between Dronfield 
and Dore Station, Gibbs. Bolehill, Barlow ; woods N.E. of Coal Aston ; Brierly 
Wood, Unstone ; Walton Wood. 

Tl. Cross o' th' Hands, Hulland Ward; Nether Biggin; between Bradley 
and Hulland; Shirley; Edlaston; Snelston. 

Var. infrcim-hts Rogers. J.B., 1892, 338. 

First record, N.H. Tiitb., 1863. B. }njstn.r. 

C. Salter Wood, near Ripley ; Park Hall Woods, near Westthorpe ; Brierly 
Wood, Unstone. 

Tl. Shirley; Yeldersley ; main road, near Cubley ; Cross o' th' Hands, 
Hulland, Ward. 

T3. Woody places about Calke; between Ticknall and Stanton-by-Bridge 
{B. Jiijstrix), Purchas, J.B. ReiDton Shriibs and Repton Rocks, Gihhs. 



ROSACEA. 



125 



Var. Pwchasianus Rogers. Brit. Rub., 1900. 

Gl. In a rough lane by lead mines, one mile east of Great Hucklow, 1896. 
G2. Below the road east of Eyam, fide Rogers. 

R. fuscoater TFeifie. 

Native. E. Roadsides, hedges. Rare and local. S. July-Sept. 
First record, Top. Bot., 1883; also B.E.C. Bep., 1893, 367. 
G2. Woodland east of Eyam ; Ambergate. 
Tl. Near Cross o' th' Hands, towards Mugginton. 

R. Koehleri ^r. 4- x. 

Native. E. Woods, hedges, commons. Rare. S. July-Sept. 

First record, J.B., 1895, 102. 

Gl. Near Buxton, 1,000 feet, Rogers' Key to Brit. Rub. 
Subsp. dasi/phi/lliis Rog-ers. i?, pfiUidics Bab. 

EB. Common. July-Sept. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1835. R. Koelderi affinis. 

Everywhere abundant ! " One of the most frequent brambles of the lime- 
stone dales, ascending to 350 yards at the Lovers' Leap," Baker, J.B. Above 
Burbage, 450 yards, CD. 

R. Marshall! Rogem. 

Native. E. Bushy banks, woodland. Rare. S. July-Aug. 

First record, Rogers Brit. Rub., 1900. 

C. Between the Great Pond and the tapper Pond, Wingersworth (f. Rogers). 

[R. Viridis A'<i/t., f. Rogers Brit. Rtd>., 1900 [57]. 
C. Near Hazlehurst, Gibbs, 1898.] 

R. hirtus W. # N. 

Native. E. Woods, copses. Rare. S. July-Aug. 

First noted, Hb. Mason (f. Rogers), 1899; record, Rogers Brit. Rub., 1900. 

T3. Bryan's Copse, Smisby, Hb. Mason. 

R dumetorum 7r. <$• N., var. ferox Wellir. 

Native. E. Hedges, road margins, commons. Frequent. S. July-Aug. 

First record, J.B., 1884; see also B.E.C. Rep., 1893, 368. 

L. Abundant in the Via Gellia, B. <£■ N., J.B. 

G2. Near Wirksworth, Gibbs. Abundant at Whatstandwell, B. <:£• N., J.B. 

C. Dore, Tlie Naturalist. Beighton. 

Tl. Hoon, near Tutbury; about Kedleston Park; near Shii-ley; Edlaston; 
near Ashbourne. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Repton, Painter. 

Var. diversifoliiis (Lindl.) 

First record, Purchas, J.B., 1885. 

L. A slender form occui-s in Dovedale, near the rock called Pickering Tor ; 
hedges between Parwich and Alsop-le-Dale (var. intensus), Purchas, J.B. 



126 



ROSACE.E. 



Gl. Between Bugsworth and New Mills, Eogeis. 

G2. Pincham's Hill, Belper; Shottle Gate; Duffield ; Ambergate. 

C. Denby. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Mugginton; Mackworth, Painter, NatK Allestree ; Wood Lane, Brails- 
ford; Nether Biggin; Shirley; Longford; Cnbley ; Bradley; Eaton Wood; 
Green Lane ; Norbury (var. intensus) ; Sudbury. 

T3. Repton (var. intensus), Hagger, CD. Between Melbourne and Castle 
Donnington, Purchas, J.B. About Repton Rocks, Gihhs. Near Willington. 

Var. nibrifloms Purchas. B.E.V. Rep., 1890, 257. R. divcrsifollm. B.E.G. 

Rep., 1891, 292. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gihhs. 

C. Killamarsh, Gihhs. Near Bagthorpe Farm, Old Brampton; Walton; 
Sjjink Hill, Eckington ; Newton Wood ; Fritchley. 

P. Bolsover ; Cresswell ; Langwith. 

Tl. Boylestone ; Etwall, Gihhs. Shirley; Yeaveley; Cubley ; Somersal 
Herbert ; Markeaton ; Longford ; Barton Blount ; Church Broughton. 

T3. Egginton Common. 

Var. tuhcrvulatiix Bab. R. scabrosus Lend. Cat., 8th Ed. ; J.B., 1884, 

L. Frequent, ascending the Wye Valley to 850 yards, near the Lovers' Leap^ 
Baker, J.B. 

G2. Hazelwood, 

C. Breadsall Moor, Painter, Natt. 

Tl. Brailsford {B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 177); Shirley; Sturston. 

T3. Bretby ; Milton ; Repton, Gihhs. 

Var. conchuiiis Baker. J.B., 1884. 

L. One of the commonest brambles in and about Matlock, ascending to 
300 yards, B. d- N., J.B. Bar Moor Clough ; Miller's Dale, Painter. Ashwood 
Dale, Bogers. Kirk Dale, Ashford. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers. Whaley Bridge, B.E.C. Bep., 1890, 258. 
Charlesworth ; Mills, near Mellor ; Ashopton ; Bamford ; Hathersage. 

G2. Duffield, Gihhs. Eyam Moor ; Shatton ; Stokemoor Wood, Grindleford ; 
Callow, near Wirksworth ; Beljjer. 

C. Common in hedges. The Naturalist. Duckmanton ; Denby; Alfreton ; 
Shirland ; Dale. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Near Derby, Painter. By Allestree Park ; Bradley ; Shirley ; near 
Marston Montgomery. 

T2. Risley Park. 

T3. Willington, Gihhs. 

Var. fmckuhdus (P. J. Muell.), J.B., 1893, 41 1895, 105. 
Tl. Corley, near Bradley ; Shirley. 



ROSACEvE. 127 

R, corylifolius Sm. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods, banks. Frequent. S. End of June-Aug. 

First record, Watson's Cyb. Brit., 1852. 

L. Up the Wye Valley into Ashwood Dale, 390 yards, Baker, J.B. Dove- 
dale, B. <& N., J.B. Cressbrook Dale, Painter. Miller's Dale, Rogers. Hather- 
sage ; Ecclesbourue Brook. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Mugginton ; Brailsford to Kedleston ; Markeaton ; about Tutbury 
Station ; Hatton ; Sudbury. 

Var. sublustrh (Lees). J.D., 1884. 

L. About Matlock, B. d N., J.B. Monsal Dale ; Miller's Dale ; Ashwood 
Dale, CD. Ashford ; Brough ; Coomb's Dale, Calver. 

Gl. Win Hill; between Bamford and Hathersage ; Thornhill. 

G2. East of Bradwell ; Froggatt ; Rowsley ; Duffield. 

C. Sutton ; Denby ; Beighton, 

P. Clowiie ; Pleasley. 

Tl. Mugginton, PaiHfe;", Nat^. SinfinMoor; AUestree ; Church Broughton ; 
Hatton ; Etwall ; Trusley ; Longford ; Shirley. 

T2. Chellaston, Painter, Nat^. Long Eaton ; near Trent Station, and 
Sawley. 

T3. Hedges about Smisby, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gthbs. 

Var. cifclopliijUKs Lindeb. Var. coi/Jin/f/eiis Bab. .J.B., 1884. 
L. Via Gellia, B. £ N., J.B. 
G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. 
Tl. Doveridge, Gibbs. Ednaston. 
T3. Near Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Bretby; Milton, Gibbs. 

R, Balfourianus £?o:r. 

Native. EB. Hedges, copses. Rather rare. S. July-Aug. 
First record, J.B., 1895, 105. 
G2. Shottle Gate; Belper. 

Tl. Slack Lane, Brailsford ; lane north of Ednaston Lodge ; roadside at 
Upper Biggin. 

R. Caesius ^. Bcirberrtj. 

Native. EB. Woods, hedges, rocks. Frequent on dry soils, especially on 
limestone. S. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Frequent in Miller's Dale, ascending to 300 yards over Cressbrook, 
Baker, J.B. Dovedale ; Matlock Bath, B. d: N., J.B. Chee Dale, Wormhill, 350 
yards. West, J.B. Cromford, Bailey. Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Middleton 
Dale, Eb. Salt. Bradwell, Painter, Nat'. Ashford. 

G2. Wirkswoi'th, Gibbs. Between Hassop and Baslow ; near R. Derwent, 
above AUestree. 

C. Near Killamarsh Station; Newton Wood; Barlborough. 



128 ROSACE.E. 

P. Whitwell ; Cresswell, The Naturalist. Bolsover; Laugwith Wood; 

Scarclifife Park Wood ; Cresswell Craggs. 

Tl. Mickleover, Gibbs. Allestree ; Kedlestou Park ; Markeatou; Longford 
Eodsley. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Near Thrumptou Ferry, aud Trent Lock ; 
Sawley. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Reptou ; Bretby, Gihhs. 

Yar. aqiiatlcus W. & N. Var. KDihrosus 'Reich.. Y&v. (igresti^'B-Ah. J.B., 1895. 
L. Monsal Dale; Cressbrook Dale, Purchas. 

Yar. tenuis Bell Salt. J.B., 1895. 

L. Near High Tor, Matlock Bath, Watson's B.E.C. Rep., 1895, 6. 

Yar. (trvi'iisis Wallr. Yar. Ik/erituis Genev. Var. ulmifolius Bab. 
L. Ballidon, B.E.C. Sep., 1890, 258. Lathkil Dale. 

Various hybrid rubi have been noticed in the Connty, as; — 

R. Lindleianus x R. Radula, 

Tl. Wood Lane, Brailsford. 

R. Lindebergii x R. Sprengelii. 

Tl. S.E. corner of Hulland Moss, B.E.C. Bep., 1893, 368 (nemoralis X 
Spreugelii). 

R. calvatus x R. criniger. 

Tl. The Knowl. Bradley, B.E.C. Rep., 1893, 368 (calvatus X pubescens). 

R. rusticanus x R. leucostachys. 

Tl. Sturston, and other localities near Shirley. 

R. leucostachys x R. Sprengelii. 

Tl Between Shirley Mill and Wood. 

R. caesius x R, Idaeus, 

L. Between Hipley Rock and Longcliff Wharf, between Ashbourne and 
Matlock, B.E.C. Rep., 1888, 177. Griff Wood; Via Gellia, Purchas, J.B. 
Between Matlock Bridge and Brightgate. 

R. saxatilis -£. 

Native. SH. Rocks, stony mountain slopes. Rather rare. S. June-Aug. 

First record, Withering, 1787. 

L. Topley Pike, Buxton Guide. Miller's Dale, Harris, CD. Chee Dale; 
Wormhill, West, J.B. Cressbrook Dale, Whitelegg, CD. Ashford Dale, Bailey, 
CD. Dovedale, Purchas. Lathkil Dale; Monsal Dale, Smith MSS. Fin Hill. 
near Brushfield ; Via Gellia, Watson's N.B.G. Great Rocks Dale; Sheldon; 
Coomb's Dale, near Calver. 

Gl. Near Snake Inn. 

G2. Hills opposite Matlock Bath, Pilhington. 



ROSACE.E. 129 

R. ChamaBinoruS L. Clondberrif. Knuuth-rnj. 

Native. H. High mountaiu moorland. Plentiful locally. S. May-Julj-. 

First record, Leigh, Nat. Hist.. 1700. "■ Among the scarce plants of Dei-bj^- 
shire," f). 94. 

Gl. Axe Edge, especially descending the clough on the north, 550 yards, 
Baher, J.B. Kinderscout, West, J.B. Bleaklow Hill (1,600 feet), Oihhs. Chapel- 
en-le-Frith ; Colbourne Moors ; near Edale Cross, Gishorne. Jaggers Clough ; 
the Edge, near Ashop Clough. 

[DryaS OCtopetala L. Moiaitain Avenx. 

L. Near Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jewitt, 1811. As this species occurs in a 
similar locality in the W. Riding, Yorkshire, it is quite possible for it to have 
occiu'red at the above station ; it has not apparently been noticed in recent years.] 

GEUM L. 

G. urbanum L. Aren.s. Herb Beniiet. 

Native. BE. Hedge-banks, woods, thickets. Common. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common in the limestone woods up to 800 yards," Baker, J.B. 

G, rivale -£. Water Avem. 

Native. BS. Brook banks, meadows, woods. Frequent. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley up to 300 yards, Baker, J.B. Middleton Dale, Gibhs, 
Cressbrook Dale ; Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Ashwood Dale ; Lathkil Dale, 
CD. Matlock Bath, and Cromford, Rowland. CD. Haddon, Bindley. Dove- 
dale. Nowers. Brough ; Carsington; near Hognaston. 

Gl. Caatleton. Beard's Wood, near Low Leighton, Pilkington. 

G2. Wirksworth; Rowsley; Baslow, Gibbs. Calver, Miss Armitage. 

C. Holmesfield ; Killamarsh, Gibbs. Ault Hucknall. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Etwall, Gibbs. Hognaston, Painter, Nat^. Shirley. 

T-2. Plentiful in a bog, Breadsall, Whittaker, Phijt. 

T3. Hedge-banks and woods about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. 
Repton, Hagger, CD. 

Var. p. Matlock, Bot. Guide. This is a cultivated plant with double red flowers, 
and is described in Smith's Eng. Fl., ii. 

G. rivale -< urbanum (intermedium Ehrh.). 

Native. B? Hedges and woods. Local. P. June-July. 

First record, Eng. Botany, 1793. 

L. Ghee Tor, Painter, J.B. Miller's Dale, B.L. Bee, 1874. Between 
Matlock Bank and Cromford, Crewe S Whittaker. Lathkil Dale, Gibhs. Bake- 
well; Dovedale, Smith MSB. Near Ashbourne, Purchas. Roadside near 
Carsington ; between Bradbourn Mill and Bradbourn. 

K 



130 ROSACE.E. 

G2. IJanks of the Dei'weut, near Calver, Miss Armitage. 

C. Hiicknall Wood. 

Tl. By the water-wheel, Osmaston Park, near Ashbourne, Miss Sandford. 

FRAGARIA L. 

F. vesca J-- 'inid Stratchcrnj. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, woods. Common. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Limestone dales np to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 
At Heath End (T3), occurred a white-fruited variety in some jDlenty, scarcely 
to be distinguished from what I have seen grown in gardens as the " Alpine 
Strawberry," Purchas, J.B. 

F. elatior EJn-li. Hautboy Stnacberri/. 

Denizen. E. Woods, banks. Rare. P. May-June. 

First record, Stevens, 1864. 

L. Near Haddon, Barroic. 

G2. Edgehill Wood, near Duffiold, Stevens. 

Tl. By Egginton Station. 

T2. On a bank. Green Lane, Ockbrook, Smith MSS. (Now extinct. 
Painter, J.B.) Breadsall, probably escaped from a garden, Crewe d Whittaker. 
This species occurs in Springwood, just over the border (T3), quite wild, 
Purchas. 

POTBNTILLA l. 

P. Fragariastrum Ehih. Baymi Stratrbcrry. 

Native. B. Woods, hedgebanks, bushy places. Common. P. March- 
June. 

First record, Pilkitigton, 1789. Fragaria stcrilis. 

'• Limestone dales, iip to 300 yards," Baker, J.B. 

P. verna L. 

Native. B? Limestone dales. Local. P. April-May. 

First found. Salt, 1801, Hb. Salt ; flrst record, Watson's N.B.G., 1835. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards ; Tideswell, West, J.B. Monsal Dale ; Miller's 
Dale; Lathkil D&le, Painter, J.B. Between Stony Middleton and 'EiYa.m, Linton. 
Buxton, Buxton Guide. Dovedale, Purchas. Great Rocks Dale; Cressbrook 
Dale. 

P. silvestris A>c/i. ToniwntU. p. Tor/nc)tti//a Scop. 

Native. B. Roadsides, banks, pastures, heaths. Common. P. June-Sei^t. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. TorinentiUa erecta. 

" Ascends nearly to the summit of Axe Edge, 550 yards," Baker, J.B. 

"At Matlock, ascends to 350 yards, but seldom seen on the limestone," 
B. d- N., J.B. 



ROSACE.E. 181 

P. procumbens Sibth. 

Native. B. Eoadsides, field borders, banks. Frequent. P. Jnne-Sept. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

L. Miller's Dale, Searle, CD. Via Gellia, West, J.B. Longstone Edge. 

Gl. Axe Edge; between Bngsworth and Whaley Bridge, Rogers, J.B. 
Moor on Burbage, 450 yards. Baker, J.B. Hayfield ; Mills, near Mellor ; 
Edale ; Ashopton. 

G2. Hathersage ; Froggatt ; Hay Wood, and Stokemoor Wood, near 
Grindleford Bridge. 

C. Lounge Wood, Unstone ; Codnor; Barlborough Low Common; Cobnar 
Wood, by Barlow Brook; Troway; Totley; Wingerworth; Ault Hiicknall. 

Tl. Mugginton ; Brailsford ; Shirley ; Osmaston-by- Ashbourne. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

P. procumbens x reptans (mixta Xvlte). 

L. Dovedale, Pnrchas. 

Gl. Heaths about Buxton, CD. 

Tl. North side of Kedleston Park. 

P. procumbens x silvestris (suberecta Zumn). 

Gl. Ashopton, on the Sheffield Eoad ; near Woodhays, Chisworth. 

G2. Between Hillcliff Lane and Cross o' th' Hands. 

Tl. Breward's Car, Mugginton; Bradley, J.B., 1893, 326. Slack Lane, 
Brailsford. 

P. reptans L. Common CinquefoU. 

Native. EB. Hedge-banks, roadsides, waste ground. Common. P. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General, except in Gl, where it is less common, but recorded for Mellor, 
Fl. Asliton. "Chee Tor Dale, etc., 250 yards," Baker, J.B. Totley Moss, 
350 yards. 

P. anserina L- Silver Weed. 

Native. B. Eoadsides, waste ground, commons. Common. P. Juue-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common iij) to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

P. argentea i. 

Native. EG. Dry banks and waysides, pastures. Eare. P. June- Aug. 
First record, Salmon's Botanologia, 1710. " Gerarde says that he found 
it growing on the Mountains of the Peak." 

Tl. On the Markeaton Eoad, near Derby Lodge, Glover. 
T2. One p)lant near Sandiacre Church, Atkinson, CD. 

P. palustris Scop. Marsh CinqHcfuil. Comaruin palustre L. P. Comaruni 
Nestl. 

Native. BS. Bogs, marshes. Locally plentiful. P. June-July. 
First record, T. Martyn, 1763. Also in Gough's Camden, 1789. 



182 ROSACEA. 

L. Chrome Hill and Hogshaw Lane, Buxton, Paintcy, J.B., & Natl. 
Near the Ebbing and Flowing Well at Tideswell, Gough's Caindoi. 

G2. Tansley Moor, Stevem. 

C. Blake Brook, near Baslow. 

Tl. Between Wyaston and Rodsloy, Siiiitli, MSS. Marsh by side of 
Yeldersley Lane ; lime quarries, Snelston ; between Cubley and Marston Mont- 
gomery ; Mugginton. 

TS. Gresley, Painter, J.B. Repton Rocks, 'Wild Fl. Bept. 

ALCHBMILLA L 
A. arvensis ^I'op. Fayah-ij I'in-t. 

Native. B. Arable land, fields, waysides. Common. A. May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Aphanes arvensis. 

" Wye Valley, 200-250 yards," Baker, J.B. Generally distributed. 
A. vulgaris L. Ladifs Manth: Bearsfoot. 

Native. B. Pastures, meadows, waysides. Common. A. May-Aug. 

First records, Baij Hist. PL, 1686; Gibson's Camden, 1695; Magn. Brit. & 
H., 1720. 

" Common up to 500 yards above Buxton," Baler, J.B. " Matlock, up to 
300 yards," B. d N., J.B. 
Var. pratensis (Schmidt). 

L. Brough ; Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford ; Oxlow Rake. 

Gl. Hayfield ; Edale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Abney. 

C. Unstone ; Totley Moss, 400 yards. 

Tl. Yeaveley. 
Var. alpcstris (Schmidt). 

L. Peak Forest ; Stony Middleton ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Harborough 
Rock and near Carsington. 

Gl. Edale ; Spai-rowpit, near Chapel ; Woodseats, Castleton ; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage. 

G2. East of Bradwell. 

Tl. Hognaston ; by pond between Wyaston and Shirley. 

T3. Repton, Hh. Mason ! 
Var. JiUcmdis (Buser). 

L. Miller's Dale, Hh. Mason ! Fields on the banks of the Wye, ib. 
(4. montana Willd.), Bailey, B.L. Pec, 1876. Monsal Dale, Linton. Taddiugton 
Dale; Stony Middleton. 

Gl. Hayfield ; Edale ; Hathersage. 

G2. Near Owler Tor, towards Eyam Woodlands; Ambergate. 

C. Troway ; Crowhole, near Barlow; Totley; by the canal, Renishaw; 
Millthorpe, near Holmesfield ; between Tibshelf and Huckuall. 

P. Between Barlborough and Whitwell. 

Tl. Edlaston ; Shirley ; Abbott's Clowne Holme ; Stydd ; between Alkmon- 
ton and Longford ; Cubley; Lower Thurvaston ; meadows below Quarndon. 

T3. Repton, Parson's Hills, Ijinton, 1863. Egginton Common. 



ROSACE.E. 183 

AGRIMONIA /.. 

A. Eupatoria /.. Agrimony. 

Native. BE. Roadsides, wood borders, banks. Frequent. P. Juue-Aug. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards. West, J.B. Miller's Dale and Monsal Dale, 
Baker, J.B. Via Gellia, Bogers. Longstone Edge ; Dirty Rake, Eyam ; west of 
Wensley, on shale. Rock above Churnhole, near Bnxton, Jewitt. 

G2. Highlow Hall, near Abney ; Baslow, and near Robin Hood's Inn. 
Dnffield, Glover. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. Millthorpe, near Holmesfield; 
Loscoe ; Sutton Scarsdale. 

P. Bolsover ; Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Tiiw all, Gibbs. MickleoYer, Buidleg. Foston ; Cubley Common ; Hoon; 
Longford, at Mammerton ; Snelston Common ; Shirley. 

T2. Spondon Fields, Smith MSS. Chellaston, Painter, Natt. Breadsall, &c., 
common, Crewe £ Whittaker. 

T8. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gihhs. Between Repton and 
Twyford, Wild Fl. Sept. Walton-on-Trent, Nowers. 

A. odorata JJ^ni- 

Native. E. Wood borders, roadsides, banks. Rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record. Painter, J.B., 1881. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. AljJort, near Youlgreave. 

Gl. Near Mill Brow, Mellor. 

G2. Lane-side above Bubnell, Baslow ; Lindup Wood, Chatsworth. 

C. Duckmanton. 

Tl. Lane-side at Ladyhole Farm, near Ashbourne. 

POTBRIUM L. 
P. Sanguisorba i- Srihd Bum't. 

Native. E. Grassy slopes. Not uncommon, especially on limestone. P. 
May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Common on limestone cliffs and banks, 200-400 yards. Baker, J.B. 
Miller's Dale ; Matlock Bath ; Cromford, Painter, JVatK ayid J.B. Monk's Dale, 
Wormhill, West, J.B. Youlgreave; Via Gellia, Gihhs. Dovedale, Purchas. 
Carsington Pastures. 

Gl. Dinting ; Ashopton. 

G2. Stanton, Hh. Mason! Crich Stand, Drabble. 

P. Whitwell; Cresswell, The Naturalist. Bolsover; Elmton ; Markland 
Grips ; Palterton. 

T2. Ockbrook ; Sawley, Smith MSS. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phijt. Near 
Thrumpton Ferry. 

T3. Ticknall and Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



134 ROSACE.^. 

*P. polygamum H'^/Zsy. ^- Kit. 

Casual. E. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK 

P. oflBcininale Hook. Jil. Grrut Bunut. 8(()i(jHisorb<i ajftciviinaJh L. 

Native. IE. Damp meadows, moist grassy slopes. Frequent. P. June- 

Aug. 

First record, Pilkiiifffon, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, Wormhill, 350 yards; Matlock, Painter d- West, J.B. 
Near Hartiugton, Purchas. Lover's Leap, Buxton, CD. Castleton ; Bakewell, 
Watson's N.B.G. 

Gl. Meadows and even sometimes a cornfield weed, up to 400 yards, 
Baker, J.B. Near Whaley Bridge, Watnoit's N.B.G. Fernilee, Barker. Chapel- 
en-le-Frith, Barrotv. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Edale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; 
near Eyam. 

G2. AVhatstaudwell, B. d N., J.B. By Cromford Canal, liogers. Baslow ; 
Eowsley, The Naturalist. East of Bradwell ; Ecclesbourn Brook ; by the 
Derweut, above Allestree. 

C. Killamarsh ; Holmesfleld, The Naturalist. The Hague, Renishaw, 
Waterfall. Calow and Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. Brierly Wood, near 
Uustone ; Eckington ; Beighton ; Dale. 

P. Bolsover ; Clowne. 

Tl. Normanton-by-Derby, Painter, J.B. Mickleover, Bindley. Etwall, 
Gibbs. Shirley ; Mammerton, near Longford. 

T2. Morley, Whittaker, CD. Sandiacre ; Sawley. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, 
Gibbs. Repton, Wild Fl. Eejit. Drakelow. 

ROSA L. 

R. pimpinellifolia L- Hurnet Hoxr. ll. ■•<ph>o.s/Ksim'i L. 

Native. B. Dales, heaths, hedges. Rare except on limestone. S. June- 
July. 

First record, Pilkinc/ton, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale, and jjlentiful about Cressbrook amongst the limestone 
debris, 200-300 yards, Baker, J.B. Some plants at Monsal Dale with red fruit, 
liogers, J.B. High Tor, Matlock, Crewe d Whittaker. Between Buxton and 
Tideswell, Murray. Dale near Chelmorton, Buxton Guide. Middleton Dale, 
Hb. Salt. Great Rocks Dale ; Longstone Edge. 

Gl. Chai3el-en-le-Frith, Sogers, J.B. 

C. Dale, Basse, CD. 

Tl. Hedges and pastures at Rough Heanor, Pilkington. 

R. mollis ;< spinosissima. A'- inminfu Sm. 

Native. B. Woods and bushy places. Rare. S. June. 
First record, B.L. Bee, 1881. 



ROSACEA. I 135 

L. Chee Dale, several bushes, mostlj- sterile, and slope of Chee Tor, 
towards Miller's Dale Station. Probably the same hybrid is recorded sub. 
nom. Sabini (Woods), from Middleton Dale, Carr, B.L. Bee. 1881, 188; and 
Lathkil Dale, Bailey; and sub. nom. Doniana (Woods) and Robertsoni Baker, 
from Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B. 

Tl. Mickleover (sub. nom. involuta). Painter, Natt. '! 

R. mollis S'//. 

Native. B. Hedges, wood borders. Not uncommon. S. June-July. 

First records, Pilhington, 1789; Purton, 1821. B. villosa. 

L. Wormhill, 350 yards. West, J.B. Miller's Dale, Taddiugton Wood, 
200-300 yards. Baker, J.B, About Matlock, up to 300 yards, B. <(■ N., J.B. 
Cressbrook Dale ; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Via Gellia with simply serrate 
leaflets, Bogers, J.B. Lathkil Dale. Crewe d- Whittaker. Middleton Dale, 
Purton. Longstone Edge; Bradwell. 

Gl. Ashopton ; near Hope. 

G2. Shatton ; near Great Hucklow. 

C. Near Holmesfield, Tlie Naturalist. Heauor, Watson's N.B.G. East 
of Totley. 

Tl. Mickleover, CD. Shirley; Yeldersley. 

T3. At Heath End. Calke ; scarce and not verj- characteristic, but 
recognised by Mr. Baker as this species, Purchas, J.B. 

Var. cri'ruU'u Woods. 

L. Matlock, B. d- N.. J.B. Wormhill, West, J.B. Between Middleton 
and Toulgreave. 

Tl. Hognaston ; Bradley, between Bradley Smithy and Bradley Park. 

R. tomentosa '^'>'. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods, heaths. Frer|uent. S. June-July. 

First record, Martijn, Phil. Trans., XXXVI., 1729. Bosa sylvestris alha 
cum aliquo ruhore foliis hirsutis. 

L. Miller's Dale, not plentiful, 200-300 yards, Baker, J.B. Dovedale; 
Matlock, frequently up to 300 yards, iu a wide range of forms, of which the 
most interesting was one with scabriiiscula leaves and sepals, falling while the 
fruit was still green, on the ridge of hill between Bonsall and Matlock Bridge, 
B. d- N., J.B. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Middleton Dale ; Pin Dale, near 
Castleton. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers, J.B. Charlesworth, Fl. Ashton. Castle 
Rocks, AUport Dale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Between Cromford and Whatstandwell, Bailey, CD. Abney Clough ; 
east of Bradwell, " In several hedges about Hathersedge," Martyn. 

C. East side of Ley's Feu, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Near Ashbourne, B.E.C. Bej)., 1888, 214; Near Ladyhole Farm, Ash- 
bourne ; between Kedleston and Bjrailsford. In pastures at Rough Heanor, 
PilkingtoJi. 



136 ROSACE.E. 

T2. Morley, Crewe <fc Whittaker. Spondou ; Ockbrook, Hcisse, CD. 

T3. Stanton-by-Bridge, " characteristic tomentosa " {Baker) ; also a variety 
which tends towards mollis. The Scaddows, Ticknall, Piirchas, J.B. Eepton, 
Wild Fl. liept. Swarkeston. 

Yar. siihylohosa (Sm.). 

L. Miller's Dale, CD. 

P. Pleasley. 

Tl. Between Chvirch Broughton and Sutton. 

Var. .tcdhriKscula (Sm.). 

L. Wye Valley, east of Miller's Dale, Sogers. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, J.B. Between Hnlland and Mansell Park ; Brick- 
kiln Lane, Shirley; between Ednaston and Hollington {B.E.C. Bep., 1887, 178). 

T3. Between Melbourne and Castle Donnjngton, Piirchas, J.B. 

R. rubiginosa L. Sweet Briar. 

Native? E. Hedges, biishy places. Eare. S. June-July. 

First record, PUkington, 1789. 

Tl. Between Snelston and Osmaston-by-Ashbourne ; near Edlaston Church, 
Smith MSS. Pastures at Rough Heanor, near Mickleover, Pilkington. 

T2. Spondon Fields, Smith MSS. Breadsall, Whittaker, J.B. 

T3. Reptou, Wild Fl. Bept. 

R. micrantha Sm. 

Native. E. Hedges, heaths. Not uncommon. S. June- July. 

First record. Smith MSS., 1854-1870. 

L. Longstone Edge. 

P. Bolsover ; Glapwell. 

Tl. Between Clifton and Hill Top, near Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Main 
road, Ashbourne towards Derby, Piirchas. East of Hulland Ward ; Shirley ; 
Yeldersley Lane. 

R. obtusifolia Dcsv. Var. frviido.stt Baker. 

Native. E. Hedges. Not uncommon. S. June-July. 

First record, B. & N., J.B., 1884. 

L. About Matlock, B. d'- N., J.B. 

Gl. Edale. 

G2. Froggatt. 

Tl. Near Mansell Park, Hulland; near the Ash Cover, Bradley. 

Var. tomentella (Leman). 

L. Middleton Dale. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn; Edale; Mills, near Mellor. 

G3. Shatton ; about Baslow. 

C. Woods S.E. of Westthorpe ; Marehay, near Eipley. 

P. Bolsover ; Clowne ; Glapwell. 

Tl. Shirley [B.F.C. Bep. 1887, 179); Longford [B.E.C Bep., 1890, 298); 
Snelston Common ; Brailsford ; Bradley ; Allestree ; Marston-on-Dove. 



ROSACE.E. 137 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith, CD. JJetween Trent Station and Thrumpton 
Ferry. 

T3. Between Heath End and the foot of Pistern Hill, Piirchas, J.B. 
Repton, Painter. 

P. decipiens (Diimort). 

L. Cressbrook Dale (f. Baker), CD. 

Tl. S.W. of Mnggiuton ; fields near Brailsford Park Farm ; near Lady- 
hole, Ashbourne. 

R. Caaina L. Dog Rose. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods, roadsides. Common. S. June-July. 
First record, PiJkiiu/ton, 1789. Hij) Tree. 

Var. lutetiana (Leman.) 

L. Common in the limestone dales, 200-800 yards, Baker, J.B. Miller's 
Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Bonsall, Bogers. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Fx'ith, Rogers. Near the Snake Inn; Castleton. 

G2. Froggatt. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Siufin Moor; Shirley, &c. 

T2. Frequent about Derby, CD. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Hagger, CD. 

F. Miihininduriensia (Lej.). 

Tl. Shirley; Yeldersley. 
T3. Ticknall, Purclias, J.B. 

F. andegavensis (Bast.). 

L. About Matlock, B. <(.- N., J.B. Longstone Edge. 

G2. Near Cromford Canal, Rogers, B.L. Rec, 1884-6, 96. By Brough. 

Tl. Shirley, Wats. B.E.C. Rep. 1892, 9; Yeldersley; main road, 
Ednaston. 

T2. Risley Park. 

Var. Kurculosa (Woods). 
P. Scarcliffe. 
Tl. Near Bradley Park Farm. 

Var. ■■<pharica (Gren.). 

L. Matlock, B. <{: N., J.B. Miller's Dale, CD. 
Tl. The Pastures, Edlaston. 

Var. !<entico>tn (Ach.). 

L. Coomb's Dale, near Calver; Brough. 

Tl. Ridge Lane, near Atlow, B.E.C. Rep., 1889, 260. Shirley, hedges 
above the Vicarage. 



138 ROSACEiE. 

Var. dninaliti (Bechst.)- 

L. Common in the limestone dales, Baker, J.B. Matlock Tor, Rogers. 
On quarry refuse near Cromford, Bnlleii, B.L. Bee, 1884-6. 125. Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Bradwell ; near Hope. 

Gl. Barmoor Clough, CD. Allport Dale ; Ashopton ; Castleton ; Edale ; 
Eccles Pike ; Combes Moss. 

G2. East of Bradwell ; Shatton. 

P. Elmton ; Scarcliiie ; Glapwell, 

Tl. Allestree, and by Allestree Park ; Mackworth ; Shirley ; Marston-ou- 
Dove. 

T2. Breadsall, CD. By the Trent, near Sawley. 

Td. Between Calke and Southwood (teste Baker). PurrJias, J.B. Repton, 
Sagger, CD. 

F. psilophi/Ua Ran. 

L. Hassoi) Mines. 

Tl. Near Yeldersley Bough ; Longford. 

F. rcrticUlavinifhK (Mcrat). 
Gl. Hope. 

G2. Great Lougstone. 
P. Pleasley. 
Tl. Bradley, and Stydd, B.E.C Pep., 1888, 215; Shirley. 

Var. rinacea Baker. 

L. Miller's Dale ; Monsal Dale, Bogers, 

Tl. Lane between Shirley Village and main road to Ashbourne. 

Var. Blondivana (Rip.). 

L. Near the school-church near Cressbrook House (sub. nom. marginaia 
Wallr.), Baker, J.B. Miller's Dale, especially on the hill opposite the railway 
station, Rogers. 

G2. Proggatt. 

Tl. Yeldersley, B.E.C Bep., 1893, 414; Bradley; Shirley; between Ednas- 
ton and Hollingtou. 

Var. labica (Leman. ). 

L. Taddington Wood, a form with glandular sepals. Baker, J.B. Wye 
Valley, between Miller's Dale and Monsal Dale, Bogers. About Matlock, B. £ N., 
J.B. Pin Dale; Longstone Edge. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn; near Castleton. 

G2. Near Cromford Canal, Bogers. Great Longstone ; Froggatt ; south of 
Hathersage. 

P. Bolsover ; Glapwell. 

Tl. About Derby, CD. Allestree ; Sinfin Moor ; Shirley ; Marston-on-Dove ; 
Doveridge. 

T3. Willington, Painter, J.B. Repton, Hagger, CD. " A somewhat hairy 
rose between Stanley's Barn and White Hollows was referred to this by 
Mr. Baker," PurrJias, J.B. 



ROSACE.?:. 1B9 

F. plafyphyllo (Ran.). 
P. Palterton. 
Tl. Yeldersley, near Ashbourne ; a common form in this district. 

Var. dioiiftoriaii (Thuill.). 
Gl. Ashoptou. 
C. Marehay, near Ripley. 
Tl. Slack Lane, Brailsford. 
T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

Var. Kosinscianti Bess. 

Tl. Sinfin Moor, below Derby ; Shirley, J.B., 1888, ;530. 

Var. mvutica Baker. 

L. About Matlock, B. A- N.. J.B. Matlock Tor, Rogers, B.L. Bpc, 1881-6, 
126. Near Fin Cop, Ashford. 

Gl. Near the top of the hill between Bugsworth and R. Goyt, Boc/crs. 
Edale. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Rogers, B.L. Brc. 1884-6, 95. Froggatt. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Shirley. 

F. ccesia (Sm.). 

L. Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Cressbrook Dale, CD. Monsal Dale. 

Gl. Ashoptou; Edale, a form with glandular peduncles, also found at 
Hathersage, and by Hood Brook. 

G2. Near Great Hucklow ; Little Longstone. 

Tl. Shirley; Sinfin Moor. 

T3. Near Heath End. Calke, Purchas, J.B. 

R. glauca ^'H^. K- Reiderl Godet. 

Native. SB. Hedges, roadsides. Not uncommon. S. June-July. 

First records, J.B., 1884; and B.L. Bee, 1884-6. 

L. Miller's Dale, Baker, J.B, About Matlock, B, <(• K., J.B. Cressbrook 
Dale; Monsal Dale, CD. Near Hope; Coomb's Dale, near Calver. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers, B.L. Rec, 1884-6, 96. Hathersage; Bam- 
ford; Thornhill. 

G2. Abuey Clough ; south of Hathersage ; Froggatt ; east side of Bradwell ; 
near Great Hucklow. 

P. Scarcliffe. 

Tl. Hulland, B.E.C. Bej)., 1889, 260; Shirley, B.E.C Bcp., 1887, 179; 
Yeldersley, B.E.C Bep.. 1888. 215 ; Clifton. 

F. tytinxicnn (Kern.). 
L. Bradwell. 
Tl. Dobbin Horse Lane, CUfton, B.E.C Bep., 1887, 179. 



140 KOSACE.E. 

Var. sKhcr'istata Baker. 

L. Miller's Dale, Baker, J.B. Monsal Dale, Boyers. Matlock, B. ,^ N , J.B. 
Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Piu Dale, near Castleton; Great Shacklow Wood, and 
Kirk Dale, near Ashford ; Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. Near Eyam, towards Grindleford Bridge. 

G2. Banks of canal between Whatstandwell and Cromford, Bailey (bnt 
Baker queries B.L. liec, 1884-6, 126). Near Great Hucklow ; Shatton ; Froggatt. 

C. Near Slate-pit Dale, towards Wingerworth. 

Tl. Lane west side of Bradley Wood; near the Knob, Hullaud, and also at 
Spinnyford Brook. 

Var. iiiiplv.ra (Gren.). 

Gl. Near Castleton; Cockyard, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 
Tl. Shirley; Yeldersley. 
T3. Re^Jton, Fainter. 

Var. coriifolia (Fr.^ 

L. Miller's Dale, Baker, J.B. About Matlock, B. d- N., J.B. Burbage, 
Wats. B.E.C. Bep. Hill above Cressbrook Dale, Bogers, B.L. Bee. 1884-6, 96. 
Pin Dale ; Bradwell ; Middleton Dale. 

Gl. Edale; by Chapel Reservoir. 

G2. Great Longstone ; near Hathersage ; east of Bradwell ; Shatton ; near 
■Great Hncklow. 

Tl. Lane by Bradley Wood; Ridge Lane, Atlow, B.E.C. Bep.. 1890, 298-9; 
near Stydd Hall, Yeaveley; Shirley, B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 214; Dog Lanes, near 
Hognaston, B.E.C. Rep., 1888, 216; a form with glandular sepals at the Knowl 
Wood, Bradley, B.E.C. Sep., 1889, 261. 

T2. Near the Trent, below Sawley. 

Var. Ifatsoni Baker. 

L. Tissington, Baker, J.B. Monsal Dale, Rogers, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 96. 
Cressbrook Dale, CD. 

Tl. Between Bradley Smithy and Bradley Park. 

R, arvensis JLid.s. Fiehl Rose. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods, bushy places. Common. S. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Taddington Wood ; Wye Valley, below Chee Tor ; and about Cressbrook, 
200-250 yards, Baker, J.B. Dovedale, B. d- N., J.B. Monsal Dale; Castleton, 
CD. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Bugsworth, Bogers. Mellor, Painter, J.B. Near the Snake Inn ; 
Edale. 

G2. Near Cromford Canal, Bogers. Shatton. 

C. Chesterfield, Waterfall. 

P. Bolsover. 



ROSACE.l;. 141 

Tl. Commou about Derby, CD. Shirley; and near Shirley towards. 
Hollington, var. rejitans Crep., B.E.C., Sep., 1887. 181, ct 1889. 261. 
T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. 
T3. Hedges, Calke, Purchas, J B. Repton, Bept. F. d: F. 

Var. bibractcatn (Bast.). 

G2. Holbrook, Painter, J.B. Froggatt? 

Yai". (jnU'ico'xde^ (Desegl.). 

Tl. Stydd, near Yeaveley. B. B.C. iJt^;., 1888, 217 ; 1889, 261; Brail.sford ; 
between Ednaston and Hollington; Cubley Common; Ladyhole, near Ashbourne. 

PYRUS L. 
P. torminalis Elu-h. 

Scarcely native. E. Glover, 1829. 
T3. Repton, Rh. Mason ! 

P. Aria Ehrh. Whitebfam Tree. 

Native. EB. Limestone dales, elsewhere planted. Rather rare. T. May- 
June. 

First record, Withering, 1787. Cratcegus Aria. 

L. Chee Dale ; Blackwell Mill ; Wormhill, West, J.B. Dovedale ; between 
Ashbourne and Newhaven, a single tree, apparently planted, Purclias. Chel- 
morton, CD. Buxton, Buxton Guide. King's Sterndale. Matlock, PiUiiigton. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn, probably planted. 

Tl. Osmaston Park, near Ashbourne, planted. 

Yar. rupicula Syme. Engl. Bot., 2,rd Ed., 1864. 

L. Chee Dale, Wormhill, 350-400 yards. West, J.B. Miller's Dale, Painter, 
J.B. Matlock Tor, B. & N., J.B. Dovedale, Leg and Purchas. Litton Mill,. 
Hb. Mason '. 

T3. Drakelow, Hh. Mason ! Foremark, Bept. F. -(• F. 

*P. domestica Ehrh. 

Alien. Pilkington, 1789. True Service or Sorh Tree. 
G2. Crich Woods, Pilkington. 

P. Aucuparia Ehrh. Mountain Ash. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods. Frequent. T. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Sorhus Azicuparia. 

L. Up to 350 yards about Matlock, B. ,(■ N., J.B. Miller's Dali', Eogers: 
Dovedale, Bindley. Ashford. 

Gl. Ascends to 500 yards. Baker, J.B. Chapel-en-le-Frith ; between 
Bugsworth and New Mills, Rogers. Edale. 

P. Mai-kland Grips. 

Tl. Yeldersley, near Ashbourne ; about Kedleston Park ; Church Broughtou. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bei)t. Burton, Hb Mason. 



142 EOSACE.E. 

P. communis /-• ^i^iM i''<"'- 

Denizen. E. Hedges. Very rare and local. T. April-May. 
First record, Pilkiiigton, 1789. 
L. Matlock, Crewe iC- Whittaker. 

C. Chesterfield. Waterfall, CD. Morley Lime, between Alorley and 
Stanley, I'ilkington. 

T3. Anchor Church, Wild Fl. llept. 

P. Malus /'• t'/V'i Tirr. Crab Apple. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods. Common. T. May. 
First record, Pilkiiigton, 1789. Wilding. 

Var. (icerbii DC. 

Common everywhere. Limestone dales, up to 300 yards, Baker, J.B. 
Wormhill, 400 yards, West, J.B. 

Var. iiiitis Wallr. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Fainter, Naft. Nether Loads, Old Brampton. 
T3. Repton, Candler, CD. 



CRAT^GUS i. 
C. Oxyacantha i- Hmcthom. 

Native. B. Hedges, thickets, woods. Common. T. May-June. 
First record, Pllkington, 1789. C nwnuggna. 
Common up to 450 yards. Baker, J.B. 

Var. uxyacantlioUlcs (Thuill.). 

L. Bury-me-Wick, Cressbrook Dale ; eastern side of Wardlow Hay Cop, 
Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1876, 179. Miller's Dale, Rogers. 

(t1. Chapel-en-le-Prith ; Bugsworth, Bogers. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall ! 

Tl. Yeldersley Lane, and main road towards Derby ; near Doveridge 
Woodhouse; near Blackwall. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. 

Var. lavlniata Wallr. 

L. Matlock Tor, B. c(; N., J.B. 

Tl. Shirley, in hedges; Mercaston, B.E.C Bep. for 1899, 1900. 

Var. inonogijiHi (Jacq.). 

The common form. " Up to 300 yards about Matlock," B. <£• N., J.B. 
This variety often flowers two to three weeks earlier than oxgacantJioides. 
Cross forms occur between the above varieties, here and there. Above Miller's 
Dale towards Wormhill a plant was noticed having glabrous pedicels and 
flowers varying from monogynous to digynous, and later flowering, as 
oxyacanth aides. See note, B.E.C Bep., 1876, 17. 



SAXIFRAGE.E. 143 

SAXIFRAGE/E. 

SAXIPRAG-A />. 
[*S. Geum L. London Fndc. 

Alien. Reported from Lovers' Leap, Biixtou, CD.] 

S. umbrosa L. 

Alieu. Rare. Limestoue rocks. P. June-July. 
First record, Gainer, 1844. 

L. Ashwood Dale, at least a quarter of a mile from any house, Ley, B.E.C 
Bep., 1870. Poole's Hole, Garner. Lathkil Dale, Crewe & Wliittaher. 

[S. aizoides L. 

Native, but probably extinct, the sole notice of its occurrence being the 
siibjoined : — "I received a specimen of this from Derbyshire," Hcnuard in Bot. 
Guide.'] 

S. tridactylites L- Ruc-lccmd Ha.x'ifragv. 

Native. BE. Walls, rocks, roofs, dry places. Frequent. A. April- June. 

First record, Pilkington. 1789. 

L. Walls ivp to 300 yards [Wye Valley], Baker, J.B. Wormhill, 400 yards. 
West, J.B. Miller's Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Matlock Bath, Rogers. Lathkil 
Dale, The Naturalist. " On the Winnats near Castleton," Witlierinq, 1801. 
HwiAoTi, Barrow. Dovedale, Nowers. Cromford; Haddon ; HoiDton, Bindley. 
Conies Dale, Peak Forest; near Monyash; Hartle Dale, Bradwell; Rowland; 
Brook Bottom, Tideswell. 

Gl. Cockyard, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Rogers. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Ashover, 
Drabble. Bubnell, near Baslow ; Calver. 

C. Wall at Norton, Hb. Salt. 

P. Pleasley ; Shirebrook ; Cresswell, Friend. Upper Langwith on walls. 

Tl. Walls, Bradley Churchyard. 

T2. Roofs and old walls, Breadsall, Wkittaker, Pliyt. Common on walls, 
Boulton, &c., CD. 

T3. Walls at Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Ingleby, Gibbs. Cricket-field wall, 
Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Winshill, Hb. Mason ! 

S. granulata L. Meadow Saxifrage. 

Native. BI. Damp meadows and banks, brooksides. Locally abundant. 
P. May- June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wormhill, 400 yards, West, J.B. Via Gellia, Waterfall, CD. 
Lathkil Dale, The Naturalist. Middleton Dale; Brassington, Gibbs. Dovedale, 
Purchas, J.B. Between Bakewell and Calver, Hb. Salt. Bradbourn, Gisborne. 
Bradwell, Painter, Nati. Dovedale ; Hopton, Bindley. 

Gl. S.W. of Buxton, 400 yards. West, J.B. Abundant in a field west 
side of Pjuxton Old Road (Elnor Lane), field near Botany Bleach Works, and 



144 SAXIFRAGE.^. 

in a field on Overlea Farm, all in Feruilee ; near Hayfield, Barker. Mellor; 
Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. Charlesworth ; near Strines ; Corbar Wood, 
Painter, NatL 

G2. Ashover, Bailey, CD. Near Baslow, ilf/.ss Armitage. \iy Eccles- 
boixrne Brook, above Shottle. Duffield, Glover. Edensor, Pilkiiif/foii. 

Tl. Clifton, near Ashbourne, SmitJt MSS. Normanton, CD. Mickleover, 
Binilleij. Barton Fields, near the brook ; Peathays and near Shirley Wood, 
Shirley; Doveridge ; a field full of it near Egginton Station. 

T2. Near Long Eaton, Atkinson, CD. Near Borrowash, Smith MSS. 
Morley ; meadows, Breadsall, Crewe S Whittaker, <(• CD. Spondon, Gishorne. 

T3. Near the Furnace Farm and the Wood Houses, Melbourne, Purchas, 
J.B. Bretby, Gilibs. Repton, Wild Fl. liej'f- Near Swarkeston Bridge, 
Pilkingtun. 

S. h.irta Htor. S. npunhemiea Gmel. 

Native. SH. Limestone dales. Rare. P. June-July. 

First record, Bogers, J.B., 1885, 78. 

L. Near Lovers' Leap, Buxton, and on hill above Miller's Dale, abundant, 
Bogers. Dovedale, Purchas. Probably the .S'. ccespitosa L. of Bot. Guide 
(1805). as also of Pilkington from Castleton Hill (1789), is this plant. 

S. hypnoides X. 3fossi/ Saxifraf/r. 

Native. SH. Limestone dales. Abundant locally. P. May-July. 

First records, Jenkinsou, 1775 ; Withering, 1776. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's Dale ; Winnatts at Castleton, 250-350 yards, 
Baker, J.B. Cave Dale, 400 yards, West, J.B. Dovedale, Smith MSS. Thorpe 
Cloud] MMock, Boiu land, CD. Topley Pike ; Cressbrook Dale, CD. Lathkil 
Dale, Gibbs. Near Bakewell, Painter, Nat*. Middleton Dale, Withering. 
Bradwell ; Brook Bottom, Tideswell ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

CHRYSOSPLBNIUM L- 

C. oppOSitifolium L. LUMni Saxifrage. 

Native. BH. Damp banks, ditch-sides, wet places . Frequent. P. April- 
May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Via Gellia, B. <(• N., J.B. Miller's Dale ; Dovedale ; Bradwell, Painter, 
J.B. d- NatK Castleton, Phyt. N.S. ii., 482. Lathkil and Bradford Valleys ; the 
Delf, Eyam, drr. 

Gl. Swamps up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough, Baker, J.B. Mellor, 
Painter, J.B. Etherow district ; Edale ; near the Snake Inn ; R. Sett, south 
of Hayfield ; Stanage Edge ; Bamford. 

G2. Lee Hill, Cromford, Painter, Nat'-. Chatsworth Park, Carr. Abney 
Clough; Burbage Brook; Heathy Lea, Baslow; Beeley, Kelstedge ; by brook 
between Nether Biggin and Kirk Ireton. 

C. About Chesterfield, Waterfall, CD. Pinxtou, Carr. East of Totley ; 
Limb Brook near Dore Station ; Walton Wood ; wood below Hallcliff Farm, 
Nether Loads. 



SAXIFRAGE.^. 145 

Tl. Ashbourne ; Kirk Langley, Painter, Xat(. Bradley Brook ; Shirlr-y ; 
Dobbin Horse Lane, Clifton ; Cubley ; Quarndon Common. Mackvvorth, 
Pilhington. 

T2. Breadsall, Whiffaker, PhijL Dale Abbey woods ; Morley, C.Z>. Near 
Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B, Repton Shrubs, Gihhs. Burton-on-Trent, 
Harris, CD. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. alternifolium !■. 

Native. BS. Ditch-sides, moist places. Not uncommon. P. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Dovedale, and near Ashbourne, Purchas. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's 
Dale, Painter, J.B. Via Gellia, Waterfall, CD. 

Gl. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Mam Tor, Phyt. N.S., ii., 48'2. 

G2. Rowsley, Hagger, CD. Dethick, Pindngton, In wood, Baslow; 
Darley, Gem of the Peak. 

C. Coxbench Wood, Watson's N.B.G. 

Tl. Wyastou Brook, Smith MSS. Shirley; Longford; Dobbin Horse 
Lane, and near R. Dove, Clifton. The Nutwood, Darley, Derby, Pilkington. 

T3. Milton, Purchas, J.B. Knowl Hills, Hagger, CD. Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bept. 

PARNASSIA L. 

P. palustris L. Grass of Prrnif/ssins. 

Native. SB. Wet banks, marshy ground, bogs. Local. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Limestone banks up to 400 yards. Baker, J.B. Near Taddington, 
Miss Armitage. Miller's Dale, Sogers. Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Middleton 
Dale, Drabble. Less common in Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Matlock Bath, 
Smith MSS. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Monk's Dale ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; 
Tideswell ; Wheston. 

Gl. Hayfield, Hannan, CD. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell Crags. Friend. Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Copse Hill, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Below the Old 
Cover, Mugginton ; marshy ground between Hollies Farm and Bradley. On boggy 
ground near Mr. Eames', Mackworth, Pilhington. 

T3. Milton, Bept. F. ,(• F. Now extinct, Hagger, CD. 

RIBES 1. 
*R. Grossularia i. Goosehcrnj. 

Denizen, escape or bird-sown. I. Hedges. Frequent. S. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Not truly wild [Buxton neighbourliood]. Baker, J.B. Roadside in the 
Via Gellia, etc., scattered bushes only, B. d- N., J.B. Miller's Dale ; occurs iu 
isolated bushes on limestone in many places up to 400 yards, and far away from 

L 



146 SAXIFRAGE.^. 

lanes and houses, West, J.B. Brassiiigton, Gihhs. Bradford Valley and Youlgreave, 
Gary. Stony Middleton, Painter, NatK 

G'2. Ashover, Gibbs. Whatstandwell, Painter, J.B. Near Fox House Inn ; 
Froggatt. Between Duffield and Makeney, Pilhington, 

C. Horsley Castle, Painter, J.B. About Renishaw, Waterfall. On the 
hill where Codnor Castle formerly stood, Pilhington. 

P. Cresswell Crags, Gibbs. Bolsover. Pleasley Park, Pilkington. 

TI. Hndhom-n, Painter, NatK Shu-ley; Hidge Li&ne, Atlovf {E. Uva-CrisjJa?), 
B.E.C.Bep. 1888, 218; Allestree Park ; Barton Fields. 

T3. Apparently an escape about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, 
Fainter, J.B. Heath Wood, Foremark, Hagger, CD. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

R. alpinum L- 

Native. I. Limestone ravines and dales. Rare. S. April-May. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Wormhill, 400 yards. West, J.B. Miller's Dale, Whitelegg, CD. 
Monk's Dale, Hb. Mason ! Ashwood Dale, Ley, B.L. Bee, 1873, 11. Dovedale ; 
strictly dioecious ; imdoubtedly wild, Purchas, J.B. 

Gl. Derwent Chapel, Leg, B.L. Bee, 1873. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Old Hill, Ashboiirne, Miss Sandfonl, 

R. rubrum ^- H'd CKmnit. 

Denizen. I ? Woods, river banks. Not infrequent. S. May. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Chee Tor to Wormhill, 350 yards. West, .J.B. Buxton, Buxton Guide, 
Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Duffield, Glover. By R. Derwent below Hathersage, and above 
Allestree ; Froggatt ; between Baslow and Hassop ; white fruited in Lindup 
Wood, Ghats worth. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Mickleover; Radbourn, Painter, NatK By the side of a brook 
between Mackworth and Markeaton, Pilhington. 

T2. Banks of the Derwent, Breadsall, Whittaher, Phgt. 

T3. Foremark Bottoms, Hagger, CD. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

R. nigrum. ^. Black Currant. 

Denizen. I. Damp woods, copses, river banks. Not uncommon. S. May. 

First record, Buxton Guide, 1854. 

L. Chee Tor, Hannan, CD. Wormhill ; Blackwell Dale, Painter, J.B. d- 
CD. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Ashford. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Painter, J.B. Baslow. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy ; near R, Dove, Clifton. 

T2. Banks of R. Derwent, Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaher. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Probably a garden escape, Hagger, CD. 



CRASSULACE.E. 147 

CRASSULACE/E. 

COTYLEDON L. 

C. Umbilicus L. Navel- (vort. 

Native. AE. Cliffs, ruins, old walls. Rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Dovedale, H.X. Tilth. " Now apparently extinct," Purchas, J.B. 
Bradwell, Drabble. 

G2. Chatsworth, Hb. Mason ! 

C. Barlow, Hb. Salt. 

T3. Anchor Chiirch, near Repton, Watson's N.B.G. 

SBDUM L. 

S. Telephium X. Orpine. Livelong. 

Native. EB. Woodland, especially on limestone. Local and rather rare. 
P. July-Aug. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards ; Cromford, West, J.B. Taddington Wood ; 
■Chee Tor, Baiter, J.B. Miller's Dale, Hb. Mason ! Lathkil Dale, Green, CD. 
Buxton, Gisborne. Brassington Rocks ; Via Gellia, Gibbs. Dovedale, Smith 
MSS. Chrome Hill, Painter, J.B. Rocks near Monyash {pttrpicrascens Koch.), 
Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 127. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barrow. Great Rocks Dale; 
Bradwell, in Hartle Dale ; Dowel Dale, Hindlow ; Cales Dale. 

G2. Dethick, Pilkington. 

Var. Fabaria Koch. 

L. Dovedale, sparingly, B. <r- N., J.B. 

*S. album L. White Stone-crop. 

Alien. Established on old walls, rocks, roofs, quarries. Not common. P. 
.July-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Walls in Matlock Dale, doubtless a garden escape, B. & N., J.B. 
Ashford ; Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. ! The Ashford plant ;is, I think, S. 
micranthum Bast. 

Gl. Grindsbrook, Edale, an escape. 

G2. Roadside above Darley Dale, towards Flash ; Beeley Hilltop ; 
Kelstedge, 

Tl. On roofs. Kirk Langley. 

T3. Milton, Be])t. F. c(: F. 

*S. dasyphyllum L. 

Alien. Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Dethick, Watson's N.B.G. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington, 



148 CRASSULACE^:. 

S. anglicum Hurh. 

Native. AB. Rocks, banks. Rare. P. Jiiue-Aug. 
First found, Salt, 1800. Hh. Salt. First record, CD., 1889. 
L. Via Gellia, Waterfall, CD. 

G2. Near Chatswortli, plentiful on the rocks, Harrifi, CD. Rocks near 
Cover (Calver), Hh. Salt. 

S. acre L- IVall Teppcr. Biting Stone-erop. 

Native. B. Walls, rocks, roofs, dry places. Frequent. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Limestone cliffs, common up to 400 yards. Baker, J.B. So abounding 
on some of the stony hillsides of Dovedale, that in early summer they are 
perfectly yellow with it, Purchas, J.B. Lovers' Leap, Buxton ; Miller's Dale ; 
Matlock Bath, Rogers. Brassington Rocks ; Middleton Dale, Gihhs. Haddon, 
Bindley. Wheston ; Rowland ; Bradwell ; hear Tideswell. 

Gl. Edale; Hope. 

G2. Near Great Hucklow ; Baslow ; Fallgate, Ashover. Roofs of houses at 
Makenay, Pilkington. 

C. Roofs of houses at S. Normantou, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Roof of cottage, between Clifton and Ashbourne, Miss Sand ford. 

T'2. Breadsall, Crewe <(■ Whittaker. On walls at Sandiacre. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Repton, BejJt. F. <(■ F. Twyford, Blndlcij. 

*S. reflexum /- YeUon- Stone-crop. 

Alien. Walls, roofs. Not common. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. 

Gl. Wall, west of Buxton towards Errwood Hall, Green, CD. 

G2. Froggatt. 

C. Dale Abbey, Gishorne. Alfreton ; Horsley Castle, Pilkington. 

Tl. Roof at Edlaston Coppice Farm, Miss Sandford. Derby, Pilkington. 

TB. Repton, cricket field wall (-S. rupestre), Bept. F. <(■ F. 

*S. rupestre /- 

Alien. 

L. Rocks near Castleton, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

Tl. Bradley Wood, Sinith MSS. 

TS. Linton, Coleman (18()0) in Hh. Mascm ! 

*SerQpervivuni tectorum L. Jlomc Lveh. 

Alien. Walls and cottage roofs. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. Cyphel. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Rodsley, near Longford, on roofs. 
T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Stapenhill, Hh. Mason! Cricket-field wall, Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 



DROSEEACE.E. HAL0RAOE.E. 149 

DRCSERACE/E. 

DROSBRA L. 
D. rotundifolia L. Sun-dew. 

Native. B. Bogs, wet moorland. Eare. P. July-Aug. 

First records, Withering, 1787; Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Garner. Kinderscoiit ; Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton. 
Stanage Edge, 430 yards ; Bamford Moor ; Grinds Brook, Edale ; Nether Moor, 
near Jagger's Clough ; swampy ground in Rising Clongh, near Raddleput Rushes. 

G2. Abney Moor, Gem of the Peak. Moors near Dore, The Naturalist. 
Tansley Common, Crewe rC- Whittaker ! East Moor, Scrimshaw, CD. Umberley 
Brook, and Hipper Sich, Chatsworth ; Burbage Brook, above the woodland. 

Tl. Hulland Moss, doubtless the same locality as is given by J. Fitzherbert 
in Smith MSS. Quarndon Common, Pilkington, now extinct. 

T'd. Bog at Foremark Park ; not seen there of late years, Purchas, J.B. 
Repton Rocks, Eejit. F. S F. 

X). longifolia -L- I>. (Uig/ica Huds. 

Native, possibly extinct. S. Moorland. Very rare. P. July- Aug. 

First record. Gem of the Peak, 1851. 

Gl. Moors near Buxton, Adams, G.P., 1851. 

(t2. Matlock, .SYeye)i.s. Abney Moor ; East Moor, ylr/«/HS, G.P. 



HALORAGE/E. 

HIPPURIS L. 

H. vulgaris i.. M'n-c's Tail. 

Native. G. Pi5oIs, slow streams. Local and rather rare. P. June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Via Gellia, Milnes, CD. 

G2. About Chatsworth, Gem of the Peak. 

C. Canal near Killamarsh ; Hardwick. 

P. Pond at Cx-esswell Crags, Waterfall, CD. Belph Moor ; Langwith 
Wood ; Harlesthorpe, near Clowne ; by Nether Langwith ; Whaley Mill. 

T3. In small quantity in a pool near White Hollows, Ticlnall, Pitrchas, 
J.B. Bretby Park, Painter, J.B. Melbourne Pool, Creive <(■ Whittaker. Swarke- 
ston Bridge, Wild Fl. Rept. 

MYRIOPHYLLUM I. 
M. verticillatum L. Wafer Mtifoii. 

Native. E. Canals, ponds, slow streams. Local and rare. P. July-Aug. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 
C. Canal near Killamarsh. 



150 HALORAGE.^. 

T-2. Backwater about one mile west of Sawley. 

T8. Pond by Swarkeston Bridge, Purchas, J.B. Eeptou, Wild Fl. liept. 
Burton, Hb. Mason, both the tyfie and var. pectinatum (D.C.) ! 

M. spicatum L. 

Native. B. Ponds, canals, streams, ditches. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Reservoirs at Cromford, Purchas, J.B. R. Dove, \Garner. In the 
Lathkil, east of Alport. 

Gl. Chapel Reservoir. 

C. Large pond, Hardwick ; pond between Codnor Castle and Station ;. 
Loscoe ; pool below Mapperley. 

P. Harlesthoi-pe, near Clowne ; Scarcliffe Park Wood ; ponds. Nether 
Langwith ; Pebley Pond. 

Tl. Shirley Bi-ook ; canals below Derby; brook near Barton Blount; 
R. Dove, near Sudbury. 

T2. R. Derwent, Borrowash, Hasse CD. Locko Park, Painter, J.B, 
Railway pits, ]3readsall, Crewe <(■ Wliiffaker. Canal by Chaddesden, Spondou, 
&c. 

T3. Pond in Calke Park, Purchas, J.B. Bretby Ponds, Gihbs. About 
Burton-on-Trent, Painter. J.B. Old Trent, Repton, Hacjger. C D. Brook above 
Egginton. 

M, alterniflorum f>0. 

Native. B. Pools, canals. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record. The Flora. 

G2. Pool at Kelstedge. 

C. Canal between Reuishaw and Staveley, Waterfall. Great Pond,. 
VVingerworth, in the upper part of the pond ; ponds, Sutton Scarsdale. The 
Cresswell Crags station in CD. is, Mr. Waterfall informs me, an error. 

CALLITRICHE L. 

C. verna L. Water Starwort. 0. vcrnaJis Kuetz, 

Native. B. Ponds, streams, ditches. Frequent. P. May-July. 

First record, for the aggregate, Pilkington, 1789 ; for the segregate, B.E.C 
Bej>., 1876. 

L. R. Bradford at Youlgreave, Purchas in B.E.C. Rept.. 1876, 18. 

Gl. Small deep artificial pond, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers, B.L. Bee.,. 
1884-6, 97. 

T3. Burton, Hh. Mason. 

O. stagnalis 'SVo/j. C. phtfi/curpf/ Kuetz. 

Native. B. Ponds, ditches, damp places in woods. Common. P. May- 
Aug. 

First record, N.H. Tilth., 1863. 

L. Via Gellia, Bailey, CD. Ponds and slow streams [Matlock], B. d- N.y 
J.B. R. Wye, Miller's Dale, B.E.C. Rep., 1882, 72. Dovedale, Purchas. 



HALORAGE^. LYTHRARIEiE. 151 

Gl. Swamps up to 500 yards on the slopes of Axe Edge, Balcer, J.B. Near 
the Snake Inn ; Bamford ; Edale ; Chinley ; Etherow district. 

G2. Grindleford Bridge; pool at Kelstedge. 

C. Barlow Brook in Cobnar Wood ; Renishaw ; Hardwick ; Newton Wood. 

P. Near Nether Langwith. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Allestree ; Shirley; Etwall ; Marston Mont- 
gomery ; canal near Osmaston, Derby. 

T2. Breadsall, Painter, NatK Sawley; Long Eaton. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hh. Mason! Repton Shrubs, N.H. 
Tilth. 

C. hamulata Kuetz. 

Native. B. Streams, pools. Frequent. P. May-Aug. 

First record, B.L. Bee, 1881. 

L. Middleton Dale (C. pedunculata D.C.), Can; B.L. Bee. 1881, 190. 
Bradwell Old Moor. 

Gl. Rushuj) Edge ; Chapel Reservoir; Wild Moor, R. Goyt ; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage. 

G2. Chatsworth Park. 

C. Canal near Chesterfield; pool one mile east of Killamarsh ; Birleyhay ; 
woods south-east of Westthorpe ; Heighten ; by Beauchief Abbey. 

Tl. By Burton Slut, north of Brailsford; Allestree; Cross o' th' Hands, 
near Mugginton ; Marston-on-Dove ; Bradley {C. pedunculata D.C.). 

C. obtuaang-ula Le Gall. 

Native. E. Streams, ditches. JRare. P. Ma.y-Julj\ 

First record, Purchas, J.B., 1887. 

G2. Ditch near the Derwent, above Allestree. 

T2. In a ditch close to the canal, at Sandiacre. 

T3. " The specimen in Mr. Bloxam's hb. as C. verna is, I think, undoubtedly 
this species. I have compared it with Messi's. Grove's ^(Hants.) plants and do 
not doubt their identity." — Purchas, J.B. 



LYTHRARIE/E. 

PBPLIS L. 

P. Portula L. Water Ftirslrnw. 

Native. B. Wet places, margins of pools. Local. P. July-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Gl. South side of the Reservoir, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. 

C. Morley Common, Crewe <l- Whittaker. Pool, one mile east of Killa- 
marsh ; Great Pond, Wingerworth ; ponds, Sutton Scarsdale. 

Tl. Brook near Osmaston Church, Ashbourne ; between Rodsley and 
Yeaveley, Smith MSS. Pond at Tinkers' Inn, near Edlaston ; above Eaton 
Woods ; Hulland Moss ; Cross o' th' Hands, near Mugginton. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



152 LYTHRARIE.E. ONAGRARIEA;. 

LYTHRUM L. 

L. Salicaria L. Pm-ple loos> strife. 

Native. EB. Sides of rivers and streams. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, PiUdngtoii, 1789. 

L. Bakewell Meadow, Pilkington. 

G2. Little Eaton, Painter, J.B. 

C. Kirk Hallam, Hassi, CD. Shipley Hall ; canal near Killamarsh ; 
New Stanton. Coxbench, Pilkington. 

Tl. Osmaston-by- Ashbourne. Sinfin Moor, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, WJiittaker, CD. Sandiacre, Basse, CD. Thrumpton Ferry ; 
by the Erewash, near Long Eaton ; Sawley, by E. Trent. 

T.3. Pond at Calke Mill,' Purchas, J.B. Biirton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 
Osier-beds, Eepton, WUd Fl. Bept. Drakelow ; by the canal, Egginton. 

*L. hyssopifolia /- 

Alien. E ? Very rare. Watson's N.B.G. Suppt., 1837. 

Tl. Casual in the grounds of Yeldersley Hall, near Ashbourne, 1898. 

T3. In the pond below the Mill, Calke, only one plant discovered, Bloxam. 
The locality was " on the side of a pond long since let dry and was two fields 
below the mill," Puvrlias, J.B. 



ONAGRARIE/E. 

EPILOBIUM L. 

E. angustifolium L. Rose Bay. French jn/loic. 

Native. BS. Hedges, oars, woods. Locally abundant. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Purchas. Via Gellia, jjerhaiDS introduced, B. <('• N., J.B. 
Blackwell Dale, Green CD. Cromfoi'd, Painter, J.B. Monsal Dale, CD. Near 
Youlgreave, Gihhs. Kirkdale, Ashford ; Stony Middleton. 

Gl. Kinder Vale, Hayfield, Hannan, CD. On high rocks by Sparry Pit, 
near Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bot. Guide. On Back Tor, circa 4.50 yards, and other 
spots in Edale; Hathersage. 

G2. Little Eaton, Carr, CD. Darley Moor, Carr. Pincham's Hill, 
Belper ; near Hillcliff Lane, Idridgehay; near Fox House Inn; Grindleford 
Bridge. 

C. Blacka Plantation, Dore, The Naturalist. Dale, Basse, CD. Eckington 
Wood, Waterfall. Mapperley ; Dronfleld ; quarry near Mosbrough ; Codnor 
Park ; Newton Wood. 

P. Cresswell ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl Mickleover; Radbourn, Painter, NatK Between Brailsford and 
Kedleston; Drabble Car, Bradley Brook; Cubley Brook; close to Egginton 
Station ; var. braehycarpum (Leight.), in Edlaston Coppy. 



ONAGRARIEiE. 153 

T2. Near Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. Spondon, Hanse, CD. Eisley Park. 
T3. Bretby, the var. brachycarpum, Hagger, CD. Between Eepton and 
Egginton, Eept. F. d- F. 

E. nirsntnm L. CocUhis and Cream. 

Native. EB. Streamsides, ditches', wet places. Common. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. E. ramjsum. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. "With 
small pale flowers, between Bradbourne Gate and Parwich, Smith MSS. A 
white-flowered form occurs in several places on the Coal-measures (C), as at 
Tjeighton, Killamarsh, Birleyhay near Ford, Sheepbridge. 

E. hirsutum x montanum. 

L. Ghee Dale, Waterfall. Near the Via Gellia Colour Works, B. ,('■ N., 
J.B. 

G'2. Eight bank of E. Derwent, a little below Mytham Bridge. 

E. parviJ9.orum Schreb. Willoic-herb. 

Native. BE. Streamsides, ditches, wet places. Common. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkinaton, 1789. E. hirsutum. 

L. Wye Valley up to 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Bradwell; Hyssop, Fainter, 
Nat'. <(■ J. B. Frequent about Matlock, B. <t- N., J.B. Dovedale, Pnrchas. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Eogers. Ascends to 400 yards above Buxton, CD. 
Stirrup, Fl. Aslito)i. Mellor ; Bugsworth ; Edale. 

G2. By the canal between Whatstandwell and Ambergate, Bailey, CD. 
Near Owler Tor ; Shatton ; Ecclesbourn Brook, near Dufiield. 

C. Between Brampton and Holymoorside, Drabble. Sutton ; Barlborough 
Low Common ; by West Hallam Station ; canal side near Kirk Hallam ; 
Totley Moss. 

P. Bolsover; Houghton; Cress well Crags. 

Tl. Canal banks, Derby ; Mickleover, Painter, J.B. <£ Nat'. Eidge Lane, 
near Atlow ; Quarndon ; Marston-on-Dove ; Barton Blount ; Sudbury ; Eadbourn. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., common, Crewe <& Whittaker. Sandiacre. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Gresley Common, Kb. Mason ! Willington, 
Nowers. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. By Old Trent, Eepton, Wild FL Rejit. 

B. parviflorum x roseutn. Hausaknecht, 1884, E. prrsicinxiii Reichb. ; 
J.B., 1889, 147 ; and 1890, 9. 
Tl. Shirley, a sp. in Hb. Hooker at Kew. 

E. montanum L. 

Native. B. Woods, hedge banks, cultivated land. Common. P. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. The form with stem leaves 
arranged in whorls of three was noticed in the Matlock neighboiirhood by 
Messrs. Baker & Newbould, J.B. It also occurred at Shottle, and Cubley. A 
white flowered form occurred near Hognaston. 



164 ONAGRARIK^. 

B. montanum x obscurum. 

G2. Ditchside near Hassop Station. 

Tl. Brailsford, B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 219. Boggy place below Bradley Wood j 
Edlaston Coppy, B.E.C. Bej}., 1887, 183. 

B. montanum x parviflorum. 

L. Chee Dale, Waterfall. 

G2. Ditchside near Hassop Station, Linton. 

Tl. Shirley, B.E.C. Bep., 1887, 182. 

B. roseum Schrch. 

Native. E. Damp roadsides, ditches. Not uncommon. P. July-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Matlock Bridge, B. d- N., J.B. Fenny Bentley, Bwrcltas. Thorpe,. 
Smith MSS. Oaker Hill, near Wensley: 

G2. Hillcliff Lane, near Ireton; by the Derweut, near Little Eaton; 
Froggatt; near Stony Middleton ; near Hassop Station; Kelstedge. 

C. Heanor, Watson's N.B.G. Near Holymoorside, Drabble. Renishaw 
Canal; Barlow Brook, in Cobnar Wood; Nether Loads, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Cubley ; Wyaston ; Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Smith CD. & MSS. 
Markeaton ; Shirley ; Barton Blount ; The Dove, near Sudbury ; Somersal 
Herbert. 

T2. Borrowash. Smith MSS. Breadsall. Hasse CD. 

T3. Calke, Pnrchas. J.B. Winshill, HI,. Mason ! Repton, Wild Ft. Bejit. 
By the brook, Egginton. 

B. adnatum (Jriscbach. E. tetragon nm L. 

Native. B. Ditchsides, wet places. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First records {Pilkington, 1789, in all probability obscurum); Whittaker, 
Phyt., 1847 ; Crewe d: Whittaker, 1864. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

C. Marsh at Holymoorside, Drabble. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

T3. [Repton Rocks, Nmvers]; a specimen sent by Mr. N. was E. obscurum- 
only. 

E, obscurum Sckrcb. 

Native. B. Ditches, streamsides, marshes. Common. P. Jime-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. E. tetragonum. 

L. Matlock, B. d N., J.B. Near Buxton, Painter. J.B. Fenny Bentley, 
Piirchas, J.B. Miller's Dale, Bogers, J.B. 

Gl. Swamps up to 500 yards on Axe Edge, Baker, J.B. Chapel-en-le- 
Frith ; between Bugsworth and New Mills, Bogers. Derwent Moor ; near the 
Snake Inn; Bamford ; Torside Clough, near Crowden. 

G2. Lumsdale Reservoir, B. d N., J.B. Cromford, Baileij. Baslow, 
Painter, J.B. Shatton ; Ecclesbourn Brook, near Duffield. 

C. By Beaiichief Abbey ; Brierley Wood, Unstone ; Mosbrough ; West. 
Hallam ; Ault Hucknall ; Dale. 



ONAGRARIE.E. 155 

Tl. Mugginton, Fainter. NatK Quarudou ; Shirley ; iiartoii lilouut ; 
Chiu-ch Broi;ghton. 

T2. Breadsall, Creive <(■ Whiftaket: 

T3. Newton Solney, Painter, J.B. About Calke, Pnrchas, J.B. Burton, 
H.h. Mason ! Repton {E. tetragonum), Wild Fl. Be2)t. 

E. obscuruna < palustre. 

Gl. At Malcoff, near Chaxjel-en-le-Frith. 

Tl. Marshy gi'otind, east side of Shirle.y Wood. 

B. obscurum x parviflorum. 

Gl. Pool by the Mill. Edale. 
G2. Shatton. 

Tl. Brailsford Brook, abundant; Bradley, B.E.C. Bep., 1889. 2G2; Peat 
Hays, Shirley, B.E.C. Rep., 1887, 182; Burnaston. 

E. palustre L. 

Native. B. Wet places, mar-shes, bogs. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Biixton, Rogers. Brook Bottom, near Tideswell ; between Ashford and 
Taddington ; north west side of Wensley. 

Gl. Swamps up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough. Baler, J.B. Chapel-en-le- 
Frith, Rogers, J.B. Charlesworth ; Bii-ch Vale, Fl. Ashton. Derwent Moor ;. 
near the Snake Inn ; Bamford ; Chinlej' ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. The Moor over Tansley, B. d- N., J.B. Abney Clough; near: Hather- 
sage ; near Owler Tor ; Froggatt ; roadside below Stanton Park. 

C. Marsh, Holymoorside, Drahhle. Sides of ditches about Chesterfield, 
Hh. Salt. Totley Moss ; marshy ground near the canal. New Stanton. 

Tl. Bradley; Ridge Lane, Atlow ; Shirlej' ; marshes south of Findern. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- WJiittaker. 

T3. Upper pond in Calke Park; bog at Repton Rocks, Pitrchas. J.B. 
Bretby Park, Gibbs. Gresley Common. Harris, CD. Between Repton and 
Willington, Wild Fl. Rept. 

E. palustre x parviflorum. 

G2. Roadside on the Chesterfield Road, near Robin Hood's Inu. 
Tl. In marshy ground near Bradley Brook. 

*Oenothera biennis -£• EvmuHi Priwro.se. 

Alien. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe d- Wliittahcr. 

T2. Banks of the Derwent. Crewe d Whittaker. 

CIRC^A I.. 

C. lutetiana /-• Enchanter s K\iihtsh(i(1r. 

Native. BE. Shady banks, woods, and lanes. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 



156 ONAGKARIE^. CUCURBITACE^, 

L. North of Hassop, 250-300 yards, West, J.B. Wye Valley up to Chee 
Tor, 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Dovedale, B. a- N., J.B. Mousal Dale, CD. 
Thorpe, BowJand, CD. Bakewell ; Matlock; Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. Mellor; fiiii'vwp, F I. As! iton. Corbar Wood, Buxton, 350 yards, iZo^^ers. 
Edale ; Ashopton ; near Yorkshu-e Bridge. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Shatton ; Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth ; 
Kelstedge ; Ecclesbourn Brook. 

C. Bank of E. Bother, Waterfall, CD. Horsley Car, CD. Birleyhay ; 
The Moss, near Mosbrough; wood east of Eckington; Ault Hucknall; by Pebley 
Pond ; Nether Loads, Brampton. Newton Wood ; Sutton Spring, Pilkington. 

P. Bolsover ; Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Radboui-n ; Mugginton, Painter, NatK Mackworth, 
Bindley. Snelston Woods ; Yeldersley Rough ; Longford. Quarndon Well, 
Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe tt Whittaker. 

T3. Woody places about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, Hb. Mason. 
Bretby; Repton Rocks, Gibbs. Near Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. Repton, 
Wild Ft. Rept. 
Var. intcruu'dia Lend. Cat. 

L. Matlock, Whittaker, CD. Matlock Bath, Miss Armitage. 

C. alpina L. Top. Bot. 1883, 165. 

Native. SH. Brook sides, damp shady woods. Rather rare. P. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Matlock, Bot. Guide. " Could not find aljiina at Matlock Bath," B. <{: 
JSf., J.B. 

G Field near Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Searle, B.L. Bee., 1881-2, 
21 4 ; & 1883, 13, 253. 

G2. Ecclesbourn Brook. 

Tl. Blackwall ; Peat Hays, Shirley ; Snelston ; Brailsford Brook ; Breward's 
Car, Mugginton. 
Var. internwdin (Ehrh.) Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Matlock Bath, Crewe d: Whittaker. 

Gl. Woods about Marple, Buxton's B.O. 



CUCURBITACE/E. 

BRYONIA L. 

B, dioica /-■ White Briiomj. 

Native. EG. Hedges. Locally abundant. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton, Buxton Guide. About Matlock, Glover. 

This species avoids mountain limestone, and has not been noticed in the 
above localities in recent years. 



CUCURBITACE.E. UMBELUFER^. 167 

C. South Nornianton, FilJdni/ton. 

Tl. Findern ; about Derby, Painter, NatK <(• CD. About Sinfin Moor, 
and Baltimore Bridge. 

T2. Breadsall, Whiffal-ei; Fhyf. Spoudou, Basse, CD. Near Trent 
Station, and Thrumpton Ferry ; Sawley ; Sandiacre ; Long Eaton ; Elvaston. 

T3. In Plantation near the stables at Calke Abbey, Bloxani. Winshill ; 
Stapenhill; Willington ; Milton, Gibbs. Swarkeston, Painter, Nati. Repton, 
Wild FI. Bept. 



UMBELLIFER/E. 

HYDROCOTYLB X. 

H. vulgaris J^- White Rot. Feiriii/irorf. 

Native. B. Marshes, damp ground. Rather local. P. June-Sei^t. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

L. Chee Tor. 

Gl. Up to 350 yards just above Buxton, Bogeis, J.B. Bamford ; Lose 
Hill ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; Holliuworth Clough ; Rising Clough, near 
Strines Edge. 

G2. Tansley Moor on gritstone ; avoids the limestone, B. A N., J.B. 
Near Bradwell, Painter, Natt. Otterdale, below Shatton Moor ; Froggatt ; 
Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

C. Breadsall Moor; Morley Moor, Crewe <(■ Whittaker. Near Dale, 
Basse, CD. Ault Hucknall ; Brackenfield Green. S. Normauton, Filkii/ijton. 

P. Scar cliff e Park Wood. 

Tl. By Bradley Brook; Shirley. Quarndon Common, Filkington. 

T3. Marshy places about Calke, Furchas, J.B. Near Burton-on-Trent, 
Painter, J.B. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bejyt. 

SANICULA L. 
S. europsea L. JFood Sa)iich\ 

Native. B. Woods, shady lanes. Frequent. P. May-Julj-. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

L. Up to 300 yards over Matlock Bath, B. rf- N., J.B. Via Gellia ; scai-ce 
about Dovedale ; Biggin Dale, Furchas, J.B. Haddon, Bindley. Monsjil Dale. 

Gl. Corbar Wood, 350 yards ; Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers. Near Westend 
Farm, Gibbs. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Fernilee ; Ollerbrook, Edale. 

G2. Near Chatsworth, The Naturalist. Wirksworth, Gibbs. 

C. Clinker Wood and Parkhall Wood, near Renishaw, Waterfall. Totley. 
Painter, Natt. Walton Wood ; Wingerworth ; Newton Wood. S. Nornianton, 
Filkington. 

P. Whitwell Woods; Cresswell Crags, The Naturalist. Scarcliffe Woods. 
Waterfall. Markland Grips ; Houghton . 



158 UMBELLIFER-E. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Eadbourn, Bindleij. Shirley Common; 
Snelston ; Longford ; Ctibley. Mackworth ; Kough Heanor, PUkington. 
T2. Breadsall; Morley, Crewe i(: Whittaker. 

T3. Woods, &c., about Calke, PH*'c/ios, .7.5. Bretby ; Foremark Bottoms, 
• Gihbs. Near Bnrton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

CONIUM L. 

C. maCUlatum /- Hemlock. 

Native. B. Brook banks, hedge-sides, damjj woods. Local. B. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

L. Via Gellia, B. d- N., J.B. Dovedale ; banks of brook near the Callow, 
Ashbourne, Piorchas, J.B. Buxton, Waterfall. 

G2. Calver ; by Ecclesbourn Brook, about Shottle and Duffield ; by the 
Derwent above Allestree. 

C. Banks of E. Bother, near Renishaw, Waterfall. Beighton, The 
Natityalist. Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. Barlow Brook, in Cobnar Wood ; 
Eckington. 

Tl. Near Mickleover, Gihbs. Ashbourne, Miss Sandford. Fox covers at 
Findern, Pept. F. d' F. Eaton Wood ; Cubley ; Sudbury ; Doveridge ; Atlow. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. Ockbrook, Painter, J.B. Chaddesden, 
Basse, CD. Near Thrumpton Ferry ; Sandiacre ; by the Derwent, near Great 
Wilne. 

T3. Between Milton and Foremark; also sparingly at Calke, Pnichas, J.B. 
Stapenhill, Harris, CD. Ticknall Quarry, Bept. F. <(■ F. Willington, Gibhs. 

APIUM L. 
A. graveolens -£. Celrri/. 

Scarcely native ; alien, or escape. E. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. 

C. Pinxton, PUkington, 1789. 

A. nodiflorum P>ic/ib. fil. Couunon IFatrr Par.virp. Hclomadnm nodiJtoruiH 

Koch. 

Native. E. Ditches, stream sides, wet places. Common. P. June-Sept. 

First record, PUkington, 1789. 

General through the County. " Wye Valley, up to Ashwood Dale, 300 yards," 
Baker, J.B. 

Var. oclircatniii Bab. 

L. Between Peak Forest Station and Great Eocks Dale. 
C. Hardwick. 

A. inundatum Reichh. fil. Hchsciadnm 'ounidtttKin Koch. 

Native. B. Pools, canal sides, marshes. Rare. P. June-Sept. 
First Record, Crewe <(: Whittaker, 1864. 
Gl. Chapel Resei'voir 



UMBELLIFER.E. 159 

C. Morley Moor, Crewe tL- Wlnttakei: Reuishaw Canal, Waterfall, CD. 
A form occurs near Eenishaw on the edge of the canal with many aerial 
leaves and no submerged ones (see B.E.C. Sep., for 1897, 548). Great Pond, 
Wingerworth ; Great Pond, Hardwick ; Pebley Pond. 

T3. Pond by Swarkeston Bridge, Purchas, J.B. Near Burton-on-Trent, 
Paintey, J.B. Old Trent, Eepton, liept. F. .(■ F. 

CARUM L. 

*C. PetrOSelinum Botth. 4- Hook. fil. ('ommvn Tui-dcy. 
Alien. 
C. Horsley Castle, Hasse, CD. 

*C. Carui L. Caraurti/. 
Alien. 
T3. Calke, on the Ashby Eoad, Bloxam. Eepton. Bejyt. F. ,(■ F. 

*C. BulbocaStanum Kuh. Casual. GL, 
T2. Derby, Glover. 

SISON L. 

S. Araomum L. Hedge Stoneicort, 

Native. E. Hedges, roadsides. Eare. P. July-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

T2. Borrowash, Hasse, CD. Spondon, Painter, J.B. 
T3. Calke, Bloxam. Lullington, Painter, J.B. 



SIUM X. 

S. erectum Hiuh. Wato- Parmep. 

Native. EB. Ditches, canal sides, rivers. Not uncommon. P. July-Sept. 

First foimd. Salt, 1801. Hh. Salt. First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Monsal Dale, Hh. Salt. Youlgreave ; Lathkil Dale; Dovedale, Painter, 
J.B. 

G2. Ecclesboui'n Brook; Ambergate. 

C. Eenishaw Canal, Waterfall, CD. Canal near Mastin Moor; New 
iStanton. 

P. Markland Grijis ; near Nether Langwith; Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Findern, Painter, Nat^, Canal near Chellaston ; by the railway, 
between Siidbury and Scropton; Brailsford Brook, below Ednaston, 

T2. Breadsall, etc., Crewe <& Whittaker. Derby, Painter, J.B. Canal side 
near Trent Lock ; Sandiacre ; E. Erewash near Long Eaton, 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Picrchas, J.B. Aboi^t Burton-on-Trent, Painter, 
J.B. Drakelow Park; by the canal, Egginton. 



160 UMBELLIFEK/E. 

^GOPODIUM L. 
J^. Podagraria L. Goutu-rrri. 

Native. BE. Cultivated pri"ouiid, hedges near houses. Frequent. P. 
June-Aug. 

First record, PUkiiujton, 1789. 

L. Dovedale, B. A- N., J.B. Weed at Buxton, Bogers. Hognaston ; 
Harborough Eock. 

G2. Matlock Bank, up to 800 yards, B. <(■ N., J.B. Fallgate, Ashover ; 
Ambergate. 

C. About Renishaw, WaterfuU. Near Norton Lees, Hb. Salt. Piuxton ; 
about Coxbench Wood, Pilkington. By Beauchief Abbey ; Wingerworth ; 
Freebirch, Old Brampton ; Shipley Hall ; Ault Hucknall ; Dale. 

Tl. Findern, Bept. F. W- F. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley; Longford 
Hall ; Marston-on-Dove ; Markeaton ; Allestree. 

T'2. Ockbrook, Smith^ MSS. Breadsall, &c., Crewe <(■ Whiftaker. Canal- 
side by Chaddesden. 

T3. Waste places about Calke, Piirchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, 
J.B. Twyford Road, Repton, Wi^d Fl. Bevt. 

PIMPINBLLA L. 
P. Saxifraga L. Burnet S(U-ifra(ja. 

Native. B. Pastures, roadsides, woods. Frequent. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Limestone banks up to 400 yards at Peveril Castle, over Castleton, 
Baker, J.B. Up to the heights of Abraham, 350 yards ; seen with bright red 
flowers at Bonsall, B. d: N., J.B. Buxton ; Miller's Dale, Bogers. Via Gellia, 
Crihhs. Sterndale, Stevens. Bradwell ; Ashford ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

Gl. Charlesworth ; Mellor, Ft. Ashton. Hayfield ; Etherow district. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Norton, Painter, Natt. Wilday Green, 
Barlow ; Spink Hill. Eckington ; The Moss, Mosbrough ; Wingerworth ; Dale ; 
Newton Wood. 

P. Bolsover ; Cresswell Crags ; The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Findern ; Mickleover ; Kirk Langley ; Boylestono, Gibbs. About 
Derby, CD. Shirley ; Longford. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe d- Whittaker. Sandiacre ; Elvaston. 

T3. Ticknall Quarries, Purchas, J.B. Calke, Bloxam. Parson's Hills, 

Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Egginton. 

P. major Hud.s. r. mngmt L. 

Native. EG. Hedge-banks, roadsides. Frequent, preferring limestone. P. 
July-Sept. 

First found, Salt, 1800. lib. Salt. First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Abundant in Ashwood Dale at the Lovers' Leap, up to 350 yards. 
Baker, J.B. Monk's Dale, 350 yards, West, J.B. Common on limestone banks 
up to 300 yards on the ridge between Bonsall and Matlock Bridge, B. & N., J.B. 



UMBELLIFER^. IGl 

More common in Dovedale than P. Saxifraga, Piirclias, J.B. Limestone 
near Calver (Cover), Hh. Salt. Pin Dale, near Castletou ; Ashford ; Kniveton. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Boqith. Wirksworth, Gihhs. ]5et\vetiii 
Hassop and Baslow. 

C. By canal near Chesterfield; Shipley Hall; Mapperley ; Killamarsh ; 
Beightou; Alfreton; Aiilt Hiicknall ; Dale; New Stanton. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Kirk Langley; Boylestone ; Doveridge, Gihhs. Radbourn, 
Paiiitey, NatK Shirley; Trusley; Cubley Common; Marston-on-Dove. 

T2. Breadsall; Spondon, Cmwe (C- Whiftaher. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 
Sandiacre. 

T3. Between Melbourne and King's Newton ; in one spot at Calke, 
Purchas, J.B. Burton, Painter, J.B, Willington, Nowers. 

CONOPODIUM Koc/k 

C. denudatum A'wA. Fig-ntif. Ein-tJi-imf. Bimhtm ^flrxiiosHin With. 
Native. B. Pastures, heaths, waysides. Common. P. May-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
Everywhere abundant. " Wormhill, 400 yards," West, J.B. 

MYRRHIS L. 

M. odorata Scop. Sweet Cicely. 

Native. I. Riversides, fields, banks, often near villages. Very abundant 
locally. P. June. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

L. Tideswell ; roadside near the Ebbing and Flowing Well, always near 
houses, 200-400 yards, Baker, J.B. Stream sides and lanes up to 300 yards over 
Bousall; very wild looking, B. <(: N., J.B. Matlock Bath; Miller's Dale, Pain^ec, 
J.B. Monyash ; Youlgreave, Gihhs. Wardlow ; Sheldon ; Eyam ; Ashford ; 
Bradwell ; Wheston ; Taddington ; Perryfoot, Peak Forest ; Litton. 

Gl. Stirrup; Mellor, Fl. Ashton. Banks of the Goyt, just below Whaley 
Bridge, Watson N.B.G. Derwent Dale ; Ashopton; Black Brook, Chinley. 

G2. Rowsley ; Calver, TJte Naturalist. Whatstandwell, Painter, J.B. By 
the Derwent near Duffield, Watson's N.B.G. Little Eaton, Crewe S Whittaker. 
Shatton ; Froggatt; Great Hucklow ; Mytham and Griudleford Bridges; Baslow; 
Beeley ; Kelstedge. 

C. Beauchief ; Dore; Norton; Eckington, The Naturalist. Codnor Breach, 
Watson's N.B.G. Canal side above Chesterfield ; The Moss, Mosbrough. 

Tl. Norbury, Smith MSS. By the Dove, near Clifton. 

T2. Hedges bordering the railway between Breadsall and Derby, Crewe and 
Whittaker. 

This species seeds freely and spreads with great rapidity, and once introduced 
is difficult to eradicate. It seems to have been widely cultivated, as it so often 
occurs near buildings, yet in other localities, such as field borders and river banks, 
has all the appearance of a native. 



162 UMBELLIFER.^. 

CH^ROPHYLLUM L. 
C temulum L- iiowjh ciun-u. 

Native. BE. Hedges, waysides. Common. P. May- July. 
First record, Glover, 1829. Myniiis temulenta. 

Almost everywhere common. "Ascending to 400 yards over Castleton," 
Baker, J.B. 

SCANDIX /.. 

S. Pecten-Veneris L. ■'</irpJirrd\i Xccdir. Vmufi' Comh. 

Native or Colonist. BE. Cultivated land. Not common. A. Juue-Oct. 

First record, Pilkincjtoti, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale, WhiteJegg, CD. Matlock, Stevens. Ashwood Dale, 
Jewitt. 

Gl. Eidge Hall, near Chapel, Gisborne. Bamford Station. 

C. About Eeuishaw, Waterfall. Norton, Painter, Natt. Spital, Chester- 
field, Drabble. Pinxton, Pilhlngtou. 

P. Elmton ; Pleasley. 

Tl. Cornfields, Mickleover, Painter, NatK Yeldersley, near Ashbourne; 
Cubley ; Hilton Common. 

T2. Breadsall, Wlilttaker, CD. 

T3. Sparingly found by Bloxam [about Calks], Purchas, J.B. Bretby ; 
Cauldwell, Gibhs. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

ANTHRISCUS Bmih. 

A. vulgaris Bemh. Chcerophylluin Anthrisciis Lam. 

Native. B. Waysides, banks. Rare. A. Jiine. 

First record. Glover, 1829. Scandix Anthriscus. 

P. Limestone cliffs at Markland Grips, near Clowne, Waterfall. 

T2. Bank of R. Trent, a little east of where the Derwent falls into it. 

T3. Stanton-by-Bridge ; Swarkeston ; sparingly at Ticknall, Purclias, J.B. 
Milton, Gibbs. Willington, Hb. Mason ! Repton Village, Wild Fl. Bept. 

A. silvestris Hopu. Wild Chervil, Chmrophylliini silvesfre L. 

Native. B. Hedge-banks, roadsides. Common. P. April-Jime. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General and abundant throughout the County. " Common up to 400 yards 
[Buxton], Baker, J.B, 

*A. Cerefolium Hoffm. 

Casual. Jewitt, 1811. Scandix cerefolium. Glover, 1829. 
Gl. Burbage, Buxton, Jewitt. 

*Foeniculum vulgare i/'V/. 

Casual, E. 

C. Spital, Chesterfield; 'Wingevworth, Drnbhlr, 



UMBELLIFER.E. 163 

CENANTHE L. 

'CE. fistulosa L. Water Droptrort. 

Native. EB. Marshes, wet places. Frequent locally. P. Jiine-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Near Sterndale, Stevens. 

C. Morley Moor, Crewe d- Wliittaker. Canal banks near Renishaw, Water- 
fall. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. By the railway between Siidbury and Scropton, 

T'2. R. Derwent, near Spondon, Hasse, CD. Alvaston, Smith MSS. 
Breadsall, Crewe & Whittaker. Trent Lock ; Sawley, and Sawley Junction. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Piirchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Rosliston, Hb. Mason ! 
Twyford; Bnrton-on-Trent ; Swarkeston Bridge, Painter, Nat^. tfc J.B, Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. By the canal, Egginton. 

<CE. crocata L. 

Native. BE. Wet places, j)onds, streamsides. Rare. B. July-Aiig. 
First record, Wild Fl. Rept., 1866. 
T;3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

'CE. Phellandrium Lctn. JFoter Horf:'hmi(; 

Native. EG. River-sides, canals, mai'shes, ditches. Rather rare. P, 
.July-Ang. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G. Su^rplt., 1837. 

T2. Pool near Trent Station ; Trent Lock ; swamp by the footpath south- 
east of Long Eaton. 

T3. Ponds adjoining Swarkeston Bridge, Blox. MSS. in N.B.G. Swamps 
near Willington Bridge, Bept. F. (0 F. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

CE. fluviatilis Coleman, 

Native. EG. Rivers, streams. Rare. P. June-July. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

T3. Mr. Bloxam's specimen marked CB.i Phellandrium from the Trent 
belongs to this, which was |not then recognised as a species, Purchas, J.B. 
Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

^THUSA I. 

^. Cynapium /'. Foofs Parsley. 

Native. BE. Cultivated land. Frequent. A. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Ctiltivated groimd at Matlock, up to 300 yards, B. <('• N., J.B. Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Bradwell ; Stony Middletou. 

Gl. Bamford; Malcoff, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Near the Cromford [Canal, Bogers. Near Hathersage; Grindleford 
Bridge ; Bubnell, near Baslow ; Duffield. 



164 UMBELLIFER.^. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. S. Normanton, Filkingfan. Eckiug- 
ton ; Beighton ; Coal Aston ; Unstone ; Mai^perley ; Codnor. 

P. Bolsover ; Elmton ; Houghton ; Whitwell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley ; Rodsley ; Cubley. Gardens at Derby, 
Pilkmgtoi. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe <fc Wliittaker. Long Eaton; near Trent Station. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow. Hh. Mason ! About Burton- 
on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton. Wild Fl. Bept. 

SILAUS Bcsx. 

S. flavescens Bmih. Siilp/utr-icorf. Pepper Sa.fi fni(/e. S. prateusis Bess. 

Native. E. Fields, roadsides. Frequent. P. June-Sejjt. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Seseli carnifolia. 

L. Near Atlow Whin, Miss A. B. Purchas. Alport. 

G'2. Hills near Chatsworth, Watson's N.B.G. 

C. Woodland near Beauchief Abbey ; Ault Hucknall ; between R. Doe 
Lea and Sutton Scarsdale. S. Normanton, Pilkington. 

P. Bolsover ; near the Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Gihhs. Hollington, Longford. 

T2. Breadsall; Morley, Greive & Wliittaker. Ockbrook, Hnntli MSS. 
Bartlewood, SiDondon, Hasse, CD. Near Trent Station ; Long Eaton. 

T3. Between Melbourne and Derby, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow, Painter, 
J.B. Meadows adjoining Swarkeston Bridge, Watson's N.B.G. Calke, Bloxam. 
Repton, Wild Flower Bejit. By the brook, above Egginton. 

ANGELICA i. 

A. silvestris /.. Angelica. 

Native. B. Damp places in woods, thickets, by ditches. Common. P. 
July-Sej^t. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Woods up to 400 yards [Buxton], Baker, J.B. Miller's Dale, Bogers. 
Lathkil Dale ; Dovedale, Rowland, CD. Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Ashford. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn; Edale ; Rowarth ; near Glossop ; Malcoff, 
Chapel-en-le-Frith . 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Rogers. Froggatt ; Belper ; Hazelwood. 

C. Canal bank, Renishaw, Waterfall. Breadsall Common, Crewe S 
Wliittaker. Totley Moss; near Smalley; Mosbrough ; woods near Coal Aston; 
New Stanton; Walton Wood; Newton Wood. 

P. By Cresswell Craggs ; Langwith wood ; Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Tl. About Derby, CD. Mickleover ; Radbourn, Biudlrg. Shirley ; Long- 
ford ; Marston-on-Dove ; Sudbury ; Hatton . 

T2. Canal-side near Spondon ; Trent Lock ; Sandiacre. 

T3. Near Stanley's, Calke, Purchas, J.B, Drakelow, Kb. Mason. About 
Burton-on-Trent ; Willington, Painter, J.B. . d- Nutt. Repton, Wild Fl. Rcpt. 



UMBELLIFER.E. 165 

PBUCBDANUM l. 
*P. Ostruthium Koch. 

Alien. Hh. Salt, 1800. Glover, 1829. 

(t2. Axe Edge, Garner. Neai- Buxton, an escape, Hh. Salt. 

P. sativum BnUh. ^- Hook. fil. W'dd P(ir-sn"p. Ffisthicwa satlvo L. 

Native. E. Dry banks, field borders, roadsides Eather rare. 15. .Tuly- 
Aiig. 

First record, H.N. Tutb., 1863. 

Tl. Railway bank, Mickleover, Painter. Natt. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe db Whittaker. Near Chaddesden. Painter, J.B. 
Saudiacre ; near Trent Station ; Long Eaton. 

T3, Calke Park, Bei)t. F. ,f' F. 

HBRACLBUM /.. 

H. Sphondylium i.- Hoyn-ved. Co>r Parsmp. 

Native. B. Meadows, roadsides, cultivated ground, itc. Common. P. 
June-Aiig. 

First record, Pilkingto)i, 1789. 

'•Common up to 500 yards" [Buxton], Baker, J.B. A pink flowered 
form occurs occasionally. 

Var. luif/ust I folium Huds. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

L. Varieties noted [Matlock] with laeiuiated leaves and small orbicular 
mericarps, B. d N., J.B. Miller's Dale, Wltitelegg, CD. Hedges near Bakewell, 
Bot. Guide. Between Okeover and Ashbourne, Withering. Taddington ; Castle- 
ton ; Brassington. 

Gl. Malcofi, near Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Shottle; Idridgehay. 

C. Linacre Wood, Drabble. East of Totley ; Newton Wood. 

P. Scarcliiie Park Wood; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. litwall, by Ash; Shirley; Bradley; between Longford and Boyleston. 

DAUCUS L. 

D, Carota L. Wild Carrot. 

Native. B. Fields, banks, on dry or gravelly soil. Not iincommon, hut local. 
B. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkingtoii, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, J?o?»?««fZ, C.Z>. Middleton Dale, .If m i^cMf oh. Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Ashford; Agnes Meadow, Kniveton. 

Gl. Stu-rup; Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Wigwell, near Wirksworth, Gibbs. Casual, Matlock Bank ; Ashover. 

C. Between Renishaw and Staveley, Waterfall. Millhouses, The Naturalist. 
Eckuigton ; Beighton ; Crowhole, near. Barlow: rMillthorpe, near Holmesfield ; 
south of Coal Aston. 



166 UMBELLIFER^. ARALIACE.E. 

P. Bolsover ; Pleasley ; by Nether Langwith. 

Tl, Boylestone, Gibbs. Mickleover, Painter, Nat'. Lime Quarries, Suelston 
Common ; Yeldersley, near Ashbourne. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe td Whittaker. flisley Park ; near Trent Station. 

T6. Calke, Bloxam. Near Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Near Repton 
Shrubs; near Stapenhill, Gibbs. Repton Village, Bept. F. <(• F. 

CAUCALIS f: 
C. daucoides L. 

Colonist. GE. Arable land. Very rare. A. June- July. 

T3. Milton, Wild Fl. Bept., 1866. 
C. arvensis Huds. Cvdi Pdrxfci/. Toril'is 'Difoito Sprena-. Top. Bot, 

" Hewitt cat." 

Colonist. E. Cultivated land. Rare. A. Junc-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Dovedale, N.H. Tutb. "Not seen there lately," PttrcJias, J.B. 

C. Shipley, Wnt.wn's N.B.G. 

T'd, Drakelow ; Brizlineote, Hb. Mason! Calke. Bloxam. Repton, Bept. 
F. ,(• F. 

C. AnttirisCUS Hu'lu. Half/r Parslei/. TorHi/i AnthriscKs Gaert. 

Native. BE. Hedge-banks, field borders, waste ground. Common. A. or 

B. June-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed and abundant. " Common on dry banks up to the 
Heights of Abraham, 350 yards," B. <(■ N., J.B. 

C. nodosa Scop. Torilis nodosa Gaert. Top. Bot. "Hewitt Cat." 

Native. E. Dry fields and banks. Rare. A. or B. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. Tordi/li/im nodosinii. 

L. Dovedale, Garner. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phijt. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



ARALIACE/E. 

HEDERA /.. 
H. Helix L. inj. 

Native. B. Woods, hedges, rocks, old walls, banks. Common. S. Sept.- 
Nov. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Common everywhere, except at higher levels. " Common on limestone cliffs 
up to 400 yards ; a variety with deeply palmatifid leaves on the walls of Peveril 
Castle," Baker, J.B. 



CORNACE.E. CAPRIFOLIACE.E. 167 

CORNACE/€. 

CORNUS L. 
G. sang"uinea L. Gomel. Logwcrrl. 

Native. E. Hedges, woods. Prequeut. S. June-July. 

First record, PUkington, 1789. Pricktvood. Gatton Tree. 

L. Miller's Dale ; Matlock, West, J.B. Truly wild iu the limestoue dales, up 
to 350 yards, Baker, J.B. Via Gellia, Gihhs. Cressbrook Dale ; Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Monsal Dale, Rogers. Middleton Dale. Hb. Salt. Ashford. 

G2. Wirks worth, Gibbs. 

C. Eoad to Staveley, Waterfall, CD. Beighton, The Naturalist. Pinxtou, 
Pilklitgton. 

P. Whitwell, The Naturalist. Cresswell ; Clowne ; Palterton ; Pleasley. 
Glapwell, PUkington. 

Tl. Mickleover, CD. Brailsford ; Barton Blouut ; near Cubley Common ; 
Lower Thurvaston. Derby ; Kedleston, PUkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Wldttuker, Phyt. Near Thrumpton Ferry ; Sandiacre ; 
Eisley Park; Boulton, 

T3. Between Calke and Spriugwood, rather scarce in the district, Purchas, 
J.B. Bretby, Hagger, CD. Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. Osier-bed between 
Repton and Newton, BejJt. F. d- F. 



CAPRIFOLIACE/E. 

ADOXA L. 

A. raOSChatellina L. Tuberous Jfoselidtr/. 

Native. E. Hedge-banks, woods. Frequent and abundant. P. March- 
May. 

First record, PUkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Rowland, CD. Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B. About 
Dovedale, Pwrchas. Chee Tor, Jewitt. Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Castleton, 
Phgt, N.S. ii., 482. Lathkil and Bradford Valleys, Garr. Deep Dale, Kingsteru- 
dale ; Monk's Dale. 

Gl. Fernilee ; Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. Edale. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Hathersage, Painter. Nat^. Stanton, Carr. 
Dethick, PUkington. 

C. Hague Lane, and near the canal, Renishaw, Waterfall. Totley, 
Painter, Natt. Pinxton, Carr. Dale, Hasse, CD. 

P. Cresswell Crags, The Naturalist. 

Tl. Dalbury, Painter, NatK Shirley; Roston; Blackwall. Love Lane, 
Derby; Nursery by Mr. Fames', Mackworth, PUkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Morley, CD. 

T3. Between Ticknall and Ingleby, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hb. Mason ! 
Winshill, Painter, J.B. Bretby, Hagger, CD. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 



108 CAPRIFOLIACE.E. 

SAMBUCUS L. 
S. nigra L. Elder. 

Native. BE. Woods, hedges. Common. T. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Wye Valley, up to 300 yards," Baker, ,T.B. 
Var. hicininta L. 

L. In hedge of main road, S.W. of Carsington. 

S. Ebulus L. Dn-arf Elder. Banewort. Top. Bot. " Hewitt cat." 

Native. E. Hedges, borders of fields, waysides. Local. P. July-Sept. 
Used to be cultivated for blue dye. 

First record, Pilkingfon, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. In two localities at Ashford ; Middleton Dale, 
abundant. Alport ; Bakewell ; Buxton ; Wirksworth, PilJcington. 

G2. By Bar Brook, near Far End, Baslow, Linton. Dethick, PlUcingfoii. 

0. S. Normanton, PilJcington. 

Tl. Near Brailsford Church, Kingdon. Eoadside, near Mammerton, 
Longford. 

T2. Boiilton, Pilkington. 

VIBURNUM L. 

V, OpuluS L. Guelder Hose. Water Elder. 

Native. BE. Woods, cars, hedges. Frequent. S. June- July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards, West, J.B. Wye Valley up to Ghee Tor, 
Baker, J.B. Dovedale; Matlock, 300 yards, B. d: N., J.B. Cressbrook Dale, 
CD. Ashwood Dale, Jewitt. Great Shacklow Wood; Scow Brook, Hognaston. 

Gl. Charlesworth, Painter, J.B. Dinting; Wash, near Chapel-en-le-Frith ; 
Edale ; Ashoi^ton ; near Castleton ; Bamford. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Bogers. Between Hassop and Baslow ; 
Shatton ; Froggatt ; near Mytham Bridge. 

C. Hemswoi-th, The Naturalist. Clinker Wood, Renishaw, Waterfall. 
Kirk Hallam ; The Moss, Mosbrough ; Loscoe Woods near Coal Aston ; 
Newton Wood; Barlborough. 

P. Bolsover; Clowne; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Xatt. Shirley; Snelston ; Trusley ; Boston; 
Mai-keaton ; Cubley. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe d- Whittaker. Morley, Painter, J.B. Near 
Chellaston. 

T3. Woody places, Calke, Pnrchas, J.B. Repton, Ha.gger, CD. Newton 
Solney, Green, CD. Repton Shrubs, Wild Fl. liept. 

V. Lantana L. Wmj-farlng-tree. 

Native. EG. Hedges, woods. Rare and local. S. May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

P. Glapwell ; Langwith, Pilkington. 

T3. Measham, N.H. Tuth. Repton Shrubs, Wild Fl. liept. 



CAPRIFOLIACE.^. RUBIACE.E. 169 

LONICERA I. 

Periclymenum L. Hunnjsm-l-k. Woodbine. 
Native. B. Hedges, woods. Common. S. June-Sept. 
Fh-st record, PiUiiiigtoit, 1789. 
Generally distributed and abundant. "Ascends to 300 yards," Bain; JB. 

Xylosteum L. Fly Honcyswldp. 

Alien. Hedges, woods. Eare. S. May-June. 
First record, West, J.B., 1884. 
L. Wormhill, West, J.B. ! 
T3. Calke, Candler, CD. 



RUBIACE/E. 

RUBIA J-. 
R. peregrina L. Wild Maddt,-. 

Native. A. Thickets in limestone dales. Very rare. P. July-Avig. 
First record, The Flora. 

L. Thickets, Dovedale, about (JOO ft., in some quantity, Bindley ' A very 
interesting extension of this lowland and south western species. 

GALIUM I. 
G. Cruciata ^cop. Crossu-ort. 

Native. BE. Hedges, woods. Common. P. May- July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1879. 

" Common up to 400 yards on Fairfield Moor," Baker, J.B. "Common at 
all levels [Matlock] up to 850 yards," B. d- N., J.B, Totley Moss, 400 yards. 
Very abundant on the Maguesian limestone (P). 

G. Verum i-. Yelloir Bed^tniw. 

Native. B. Dry banks and pastures. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Cheese Bening. Petty Muguet. 

L. Common iip to 400 yards over Castleton, Baker, J.B. Miller's Dale ; 
Matlock Bath, Bonsall, Rogers. Wormhill, 400 yards. West, J. B. Oxlow Eake ; 
Bradwell ; Longstone Edge ; Ashford. 

Gl. Birch Vale, Fl. Ashton. Axe Edge, Bogers. Hayf5eld ; near the 
Snake Inn. 

G2. Abney ; near Stony Middleton ; Eyam Moor ; near the Derwent, above 
Allestree. Near Duffield, Glover. 

C. Denby; Shipley Hall; Hackenthorpe ; Codnor ; Spink Hill. Eckington; 
Di;ckmanton ; Dale. 



170 EUBIACEiE. 

P. Eolsover ; Clowiie ; Pleasle.y ; The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindleij. Ash, Etwall; Marston-on-Dove ; Barton Blount; 
Sudbury ; Longford ; Markeaton ; Kedleston Park. 

T2. Breadsall, etc., common, Crewe d- Whittal;er. Sawley ; Long Eaton; 
Sandiacre. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Walton-on-Trent, Noivers. Repton, Wild. Fl. 
Bept. Drakelow ; Egginton Common. 

G. erectum Huds. 

Native? GE. Dry roadsides and hedge-banks. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. Top. Bot., " Derby. Howitt Cat." 

C. Heauor, Watson's N.B.G. Suppt. 

Tl. Yeldersley fields. In a wood near Wheathill [Maokworth], Glover. 

G. MollugO L. IVh'itr Bedstraw. 

Native. EB. Hedge-banks, roadsides. Abundant on the Magnesian lime- 
stone, elsewhere rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Wild Madder. Great Bastard Madder. 

L. Winster, Milnes, CD. 

G2. Cromford Moor (var. iiisnbricum Gaud.), Fhijt., 1858. GU. Arable 
land, by Dethick Common. 

C. About Barlborough Low Common. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Abundant in this district ; seen at Bolsover ; Clowne ; Elmton ; Whitwell ; 
Cresswell ; Scarcliffe Park Wood. Not seen at Pleasley, Shirebrook. 

Tl. Roadside between Osmaston and Ashbourne, Purchas. Coj^se Hill, 
Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Railway bank, Mickleover, Painter, Natt. 

T3. Near Melbourne; on the road to Stanton-by-Bridge, Purchas, J.B. 
Bretby, rare, Gibbs. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

G. Saxatile L. G. uwnfmiuiii Huds. G. pnjcuriilwns With. 

Native. B. Heathy ground, dry banks, woodland. Frequent, but some- 
what local. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Hartle Dale, Bradwell. Middleton Dale, Pilkington. 

Gl. Ascends to the peak of Axe Edge, over 550 yai-ds, Baker, J.B. 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. Hood Brook, Hathersage ; Edale. 

G2. Near Hathersage ; Abney C lough ; Ashover Hay. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe & WJiittaker. Denby ; woods N.E. of Coal 
Aston ; near Beauchief Abbey ; Cutthorpe, Old Brampton ; near Tibshelf ; 
Hardwick ; Fritchley. 

Tl. Mickleover; Finderu, Bindley. Church Broughton ; near Cubley 
Common ; Hulland ; Blackwall ; Hilton Common ; Dalebrook, Sudburj-. 

T3. Drakelow, Hb. Mason '. Calke, Bloxatn. Repton Rocks. Wild Fl. 
Bept. Egginton Common. 



KUBIACK.?:. 171 

G. silvestra I'oti. <j. piciiihuii L . 

Native. IH. Limestone rocks and dales, where it is abundant. P. Jtnie- 
Aug. 

First record, PUkinc/ton, 1789. 

L. Wormhill, 400 yards, West, J.B. Ascends to 400 yards at Peveril 
Castle, Baker, J.B. About Matlock, B. ,(■ N., J.B. Ashford Dale ; Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Lithkil Dale; Monsal Dale, Smith MSS. Middleton Dale; 
Eyam, Drabble. Completely covers the lim.estoae rocks in all the dales about 
Monyash, Mag. Nat. Hist. Deep Dale, near Buxton, B.L. liec, 1873, 20. 
Wirksworth, Bindley. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Longstone Edge ; Great 
Eocks Dale; Brook Bottom, Tideswell. 

Var. iiiddulniii (ThuilL). 

L. Near Castleton, WhiteJiead, CD. Via Gellia. Luiit-i.c. Matlock Bath, 
E.B. Ed. iii., 1865. 

G2. Cromford Moor [?], E.B., Ed. iii., 1865. 

G. palustre ^■ 

Native. B. Ditches, marshes, damp places. Common. P. Juue-Sept. 

First record, Pilkingtou, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Swamps up to 500 yards on Axe Edge." Baker, J.B. 

Var. elon(jatum (Presl.). 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Gl, Near R. Ashop below the Snake Inn. 

Tl. Hilton, Kb. Mason ! 

Var. IVithvringii (Sm.). 

Gl. Axe Edge, Painter, Nafi. 

C. Brierley Wood, Unstone. 

T2. Ockbrook ; between Locko and Spondon. SinifJi MSS. Morlej' ; 
casual at Chaddesden, Painter, Nat', 

T3. Willingtou; Repton, Painter, Xaft. 

G. uliginOSUm X. Jiog Bedstran-. 

Native. BE. Bogs, marshes. Local. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Jewitt. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Painter, J.B. Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth ; Blake Brook, above I^msIgw. 

C. Mosbrough ; Totley Moss, 400 yards; New Stanton, near the canal. In 
marshes about Coxbench, Pilkington. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood. Pieasley Park, Pilkington . 

Tl. Wyaston Brook, Smith MSS. Findern, Bindlcij. Bj' Aldercar, 
between Ednaston Lodge and Bradley ; Shirley Park ; by Brailsford Brook, near 
Ednaston. 

T3. Bog at Foremark Park. Purchas. J.B. Below the Mill, Calke, Bloxam. 
Near Old Trent, Wild Fl. Eept. 



172 



RUBIACE^. 



[G. ang-licum Hiai^. 

Casual, or more probably, error. 

G2. Near Ambergate, Phyt. N.S., 1858, 611. 

T3. Winshill, N.H. Tntb.] 

G. Aparine L. Gounc Grass. Cleavers. Harrlff. 

Native. B. Hedges, cultivated ground, waste places. Common. P. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilklncjton, 1789. 

Abundant and generally distributed, except at high levels. " Up to 450 
yards," Baker, J.B. 

G. tricorne stokes. 

Colonist. GE. Arable land. Local and rare. A. July-Aug. 
First record. Smith MSS., 1854-70; also CD., 1889. 
P. Cornfield aboiit a mile north of Bolsover. 
TI. Cornfields, Smith MSS. No locality given. 

ASPERULA /. 
A. odorata /-. iVoodniff. 

Native. B. Shady banks, woods, thickets. Local. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley, up to Chee Tor, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Matlock Bath, 
Bowlaiul, CD. Via Gellia, Gihhs. Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford ; Cress- 
brook. Dovedale, Pilkington. 

Gl. Ashopton ; Ollerbrook, Edale ; Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford ; Hood 
Brook. Hathersage. 

G2. Woods between Wensley and Birchover ; Froggatt ; Wakebridge, Crich ; 
Ashover Hay. 

C. Parkhall Woods, Renishaw, Waterfall. Unthank; wood below Hallcliff 
Farm, Nether Loads; Wingerworth;- wood east of Smalley ; north-east of Coal 
Aston ; near Totley ; Newton Wood ; Ault Hucknall. 

P. Whitwell Wood, The Naturalist, Markland Grips ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Near Kedleston Park, Gishorne. Wooded hollow below Blackwall ; 
Shirley ; Boston ; Snelston Common ; Stydd. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe 4'- WJdttaker. 

TS. Hedge-bank at Heath End, PureJias, J.B. Bretby, Gihhs. Burton, 
Hh. Mason ! Repton Shrubs, Wild Fl. Bept. Repton, Bindley. 

A. cynanchica L. Sqahunieii-wort. 

Native. E. Dry grassy slopes, stony banks. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Bonsall, Crewe & Wliittaker. The Warren. Ashford, Miss Fenton. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Normauton, Pilkington. 



RUBIACE.E. VALERIANE.E. 173 

SHERARDIA /•• 

S. arvensis L. Field Madrb-y. Sp'irtrorf. 

Native. B. Arable land. Frequent. A. or B. Maj-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale, West, CD. Dovedale, Buiuland, CD. Lathkil Dale, 
Painter, J.B. Yoixlgreave, Gihhs. Matlock, Stevens. Wenslej". 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Millhouses, The Naturalist. Norton, 
Painter. Natt. Dale, Basse, CD. Tapton, Drabble. Fritchley. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Whit well ; Lmgwith ; Cress well ; 
Pleasley. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Shirley ; Rodsley. Quarndon Common, 
Pilkingto}i. 

T2. Ockbrook. Smith MSS. Spondon ; AU-ciston. Has.st, CD. Breadsall, 
Crewe £■ Whittaker. 

T3. Calke, Purchas. J.B. Bretby ; Cauldwell. Gibbs. Drakelow ; Linton, 
Painter, J.B. Repton, on Askew Hill, Wild Fl. Bept. Fields about Repton 
Rocks, Itept. F. d- F. Waste gravelly place by road from Twyford to Findern. 



VALERIANE/E. 

VALERIANA />. 

V. dioica ^- Marsh Talcriau. 

Native. E. Marshes, damj) meadows. Freiiueut. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Via Gellia ; near Bakewell, Painter, J.B. <(• Natt. AVirkswortli, Bindleij. 
Ashwood Dale, CD. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Green CD. Charlesworth ; Kinderscout, Fl. Ashtan. 
R. Sett, south of Hayfleld. 

G2. Tansley Moor, Stevens. Abney Clough ; Froggatt ; Umberley Brook, 
near Chatsworth. 

C. Newton Wood ; Ault Hucknall. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Scarcliffe Woods, Woterfall. Harles- 
thorpe, near Clowne ; near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Marshy fields near Bradley Brook ; Shirley. Siddals, Derby, 
Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Hasse, CD. Morley, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Dimminsdale, Calke, Purehas, J.B. Repton Rocks. Gibbs. Milton, 
Hagger, CD. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Between Repton and Twyford, TT'«7r7 
FL Bept.l 



174 VALEKIANE.E. 

V. Mikanii Si/ihc. VahrUoi. V. qffi'ci/tciii.s L. var. Jlikai/ii (Wats.). 

Native. B. Limestone dales, woods, hedge-banks. Frequent. P. Jnne- 
Sept. 

First record, Dillenias, 1724. " Valeriana sijlvesiris major inontana." 
^^ III jjascuis humidis jiixta Balnetim Biixtoniense agri Derhiensis, sujira locum 
saxis et sjnnis horndum Ashivood dictum, D. Bichardson." 

L. Common in damp woods [Buxton] np to 350 yards. Baker, J.B. 
Frequent aboiit Matlock, B. & N., J.B. Miller's Dale, Bogers. Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Hope ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; 
Ashford. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers. Fairbrook Clough, near the Snake Inn; 
Ashopton ; Edale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Abney Clongh ; Froggatt ; Belper ; near the Derwent, above Allestree. 
Dnffield, Pilkington {V. officinalis). 

C. Aboiit Renishaw, Waterfall. Millhouses ; Beauchief, TJie Naturalist 
■{V. officinalis). Wood near Smalley ; Mosbrongh ; West Hallam ; New Stanton. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. 

Tl. Kedleston Park ; canal-side below Osmaston ; Shirley ; Trnsley ; 
■Cubley; near the Dove, Sndbury. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Near Trent Station. 

T3. Drakelow, Hh. Mason! Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. 



V. sambucifolia WilM. Cat^s Valerian. Allhrul. 

Native. V>. Wet places, river-sides, avoiding limestone, and mostly at 
lower levels than the preceding. Local. P. Ji^ne-Ang. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Bradwell, Painter, Natt. 

Gl. Near Low Leighton, New Mills; Cadster Brook, Chinley, a form 
departing from V. samhucifolia towards V. Mikanii. 

G2. By Bar Brook and Blake Brook, above Baslow. 

C. Walton Wood ; wood below Hallcliff Farm, Nether Loads ; Hardwick, 
Hard wick Wood ; Horsley Gate ; mill pond N.E. of Fritchley. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nati. Hoon ; Church Broiighton ; Barton Blount ; 
Meynell Langley. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe & Whittaker. 

T3. Woody places, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Near Burton Bridge, N.H. Tutb. 
Eepton, Painter, Natt. Anchor Chiirch, Bindley. 



*Centranthus ruber DC. Itrd Valeriun. 

Casual ; escape. 

L. Rocks near Litton Mill, Tideswell, Sunderland, CD. Saxton's Bath, I 
Matlock, Watson's N.B.G. 



VALERIANEJE. 175 

VALERIANELLA Manch. 

V. olitoria Poll. Com Salad. Inmb^s Lettuce. 

Native. B. Cultivated laud, bauks, limestoue rocks. Not uucommon. A. 
May-July. 

First record, Pilkincjton, 1789. Valeriana locusta. 

L. Wormhill, 400 yards. West, J.B. Lathkil Dale, The Naturalist. 
Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Toulgreave, Gihhs. 
Litton ; Miller's Dale. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Taptou, Drabble. Killamarsh. 

Tl. About Clifton Station, Miss Sandford. Mickleover, Bindley. North 
of Ednaston Lodge in fields towards Bradley; near Spread Eagle Inn, Findern. 

T2. Breadsall, rare, Wliittaker, Phyt. Morley, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Stanton-by-Bridge, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, Hb. Mason .' Cauldwell, 
Painter, J.B. Newton, Wild Fl. Bept. Calke, Bloxam. 

*V. eriocarpa Desr. Casual. 

L. Dovedale, Watson's N.B.G. Siqjpt., 1837. 

V. carinata Loisei. 

Native. E. Limestone rocks. Rare. A. June-July. 

First record, Phyt. N.S., 1858. 

L. Dovedale, Smith MSS. " To all appearance as wild as anything else 
on the limestone rocks of Derbyshire and North Staffordshire, not indeed 
occurring so frequently or so plentifully as V. olitaria, but nevertheless in 
stations far enough from cultivation," Purchas, J.B., 1894. Deep Dale and 
other stations near Buxton, B.L. Bee, 1873, 21. Castleton, Phyt. ii., 482. 
Cromford, Hh. Mason ! In two spots in Ravensdale, growing on the limestone 
crags in company with V. olitoria. Ley, B.E.C. Rep., 1877. Miller's Dale ; 
Litton ; abundant on Brassington Rocks ; Great Rocks Dale. 

V, rimosa Bast. V, Auricula DC. 

Colonist. EB. Cultivated land. Rare. A. July. 

First record, Crewe <('• Whittaker, 1864. 

L. Monsal Dale, Smith MSS. Dovedale, Noivers. 

T2. Ockbrook ; Locko Park, S^nith MSS. Breadsall, Crewe ,(■ Wlvittaker. 

V. dentata FoU. 

Colonist. E. Cultivated land. Frequent. A. June-Sept. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale, West, J.B. Matlock, Stevens. 
Gl. Between Upper and Nether Hurst, Bamford. 

C. Tapton, Drabble. Fritchley; Barlow Lees; near Codnor Park Station; 
Killamarsh ; near Hardwick Wood ; fields near Linacre House. 
P. Elmton; Whitwell. 
Tl. Hulland; fields between Yeldersley and Ednaston Lodge. 



176 VALERIANE.E. DIPSACE.E. 

T-2. Breadsall, WJiittakcr, Phi/t. Hopwell Hall, near Risley, Wat.<i07i's 
B.B.G. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Morley, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Fields on the west side of Calke Park, very abundantly; in a field 
near Archer's Pool, White Hollows, Piirchas, J.B. Newhall, Gihbs. By Repton 
Rocks, Wild Fl. Sept. 



DIPSACE/E. 

DIPSACUS L. 
D. silvestris llich. Ttas,/. 

Native. E. Roadsides, fields, river- banks ; Coal measures and Trias. 
Locally plentiful. B. July-Aug. 

First record, Withering, 1787. "/ have nut found it north of Dcrhi/shire 
and Nottinghamshire." Wood in With. 

C. Bank of R. Doe Leigh, Renishaw, Waterfall. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Radbourn, Painter, NatK Eaton Woods, Garner. 
Kedleston ; Thnrvaston, Glover. Markeaton ; very frequent for several miles 
round the town of Derby, Pilkington {D. fuUoimm, by which he means D. 
silvestris, as he calls his plant " Wild Teasel " and speaks of it as being 
"cultivated in some parts of England"). 

T2. Ockbrook, Basse, CD. Breadsall, Whittaher, Fhijt. Chaddesden, 
Painter, J.B. Spondon, Glover. By the Erewash, north of Long Eaton. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hh. Mason ! Swarkeston Bridge, 
Painter, J.B. Tickuall Quarry, Bei)t. F. d- F. Near Anchor Church, Wild Fl. 
Bept. Egginton, by the brook and by R. Dove. 

D. piloSUS L. Sinr/ll Teasel. Shepherifs Rod. 

Native. EG. Woods, hedge-banks, roadsides. Local and rare. V>. July- 
Sej)t. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Cromford Valley, plentiful, B. d- N., J.B. Via Gellia, Painter, J.B. 
Foot of High Tor, Matlock Bath, Hh. Mason ! Dovedale, Ma.cefield, C.D. 
Between Tideswell Dale and Miller's Dale, 280 yards. 

Tl. Between Ednaston and Hollington, Goodall. Eaton Woods, Garner. 

T2. Betwixt Derby and Spondon, Pilkington. 

T3. Repton Shrubs, Gihhs. Near Bretby Mill, Bept. F. & F. Repton to 
Newton, Wild Fl. Bepit. 

SCABIOSA /.. 

S. SUCCisa L. Brril\ Bit Scahioux. 

Native. B. Damp pastures, heaths, waysides. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale, Rogers. Miller's Dale ; Wormhill ; Dovedale ; Bradwell, 
Painter, J.B.,d- Nati. Matlock Bath ; Bonsall ; Slaley, Rowland, C.D. Tadding- 
ton ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest; Brough. 



DIPSACE.E. COMPOSITiE. 177 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Sogers. Frequent up to 400 yards [Buxton], 
Baker, J.B. Mills, near Mellor ; near the Snake Inn ; Edale ; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gihhs. Abney ; Froggatt ; Curbar. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Norton, Painter, NatK Woods N.E. of 
Coal Aston ; Barlborough Low Common ; Unstone ; Hardwick Wood ; Linacre 
Wood; Walton Wood; near Stubbing Court. 

Tl. Mickleover, Gibbs. Shirley ; Longford, occasionally with white or 
pale flowers. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Ockbrook, Painter, J.B. Wilsthorpe, 
near Long Eaton. 

T3. Calke; fields, rather scarce, Purchas, J.B. Gresley, Painter, J.B. 
Eepton Shrubs, Bejit. F. <£• F. Parson's Hills, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. A plant 
occurred in Dovedale just intermediate between this and the next species, both 
species growing plentifully at the place. 

S. Columbaria L. Small Field Scabious. 

Native. E. Banks, pastures, especially on limestone. Locally abundant. 
P. June- Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. One of the commonest plants of the limestone cliffs up to 400 j'ards. 
Baker, J.B. Wormhill, West, J.B. Matlock Bath; Slaley ; 'Bou&a.W, Rowland, 
CD. Dovedale ; Hartington, Painter, J.B. d- Natt. Castleton, The Naturalist. 
Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Bakewell ; Middleton Dale, Hb. Salt. Bradwell ; 
Bee Low, Peak Forest. 

G2. Duffield to Allestree, Gisborne. Wirksworth ; near Great Hucklow ; 
Burbage Brook. 

C. Horsley Castle, Glover. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Bolsover ; Elmton ; Whitebrick Moor, 
Whit well. 

T3. Willington Junction, Bept. F. d- F. Probably casual. 

S. arvensis -Z/. Field Scebiom. Knautia arvoisis Coult. 

Native. B. Roadsides, hedge-banks, fields. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed, though nowhere very plentiful. " Common up to 
400 yards," Baker, J.B. 



COMPOSIT/E. 

BUPATORIUM 1. 
E. cannabinum i. Scmp Agrimon>/. 

Native. BE. Ditches, riversides, woods. Frequent, but rather local. P. 
Aug. -Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
N 



178 COMPOSIT.E. 

L. Woods about Matlock up to 300 yards, B. rC- N., J.B. Wye Valley, 
up to 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Ashwood Dale, Green, CD. Bakewell, West, J.B. 
Lathkil Dale, Bowland, CD. MousalDale; Dovedale, CD. Dean Hollow, near 
Cromford, Gibhs. Haddon, Painter, NaU. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Sogers. Near the Derwent, above Allestree ; 
Rowsley; Handley wood, Shottle. Duffield, Pilkington. 

C. Newton Wood ; Ault Hucknall. 

P. Steetley, Painter, Natt. Cresswell, The Naturalist. Near the Walls, 
Whitwell ; Whaley Mill ; Markland Grips ; Nether Langwith. 

Tl. Near Boylestone, Gibbs. Mugginton, Painter, Natt. By Bradley Brook ; 
canal-side below Osmaston. By Markeaton Brook, Glover. 

T2. Banks of R. Derwent, Breadsall, Crewe d Whittaker. Canal-side 
near Spondon ; Sandiacre, by canal ; Sawley. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. Brook between Milton 
and Foremark, Wild Fl. Rept. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 



SOLI DAGO L. 

S. Virgaurea L. Golden Rod. 

Native. B. Woodland, hedge-banks, heaths. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale; between Miller's and Monsal Dales, Rogers. Via Gellia, 
Purchas, J.B. Woods about Buxton ; woods about Matlock, CD. Cressbrook 
Dale ; Great Rocks Dale. 

Gl. Cliffs u]3 to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough, Baker, J.B. Stirrup Wood, 
Fl. Ashton. Near the Snake Inn ; Back Tor, Edale ; Upper Hiirst Brook, 
Bamford ; New Mills. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Rowtor Rocks, Purchas. Abney Clough ; Froggatt ; 
below Mytham Bridge ; Grindleford Bridge. 

C. Beauchief ; Totley, The Naturalist. Breadsall Moor, Crewe <-(; Whittaker, 
Holmesfield, Painter, Natt. Dale, Hasse, CD. Sheepbridge ; Walton Wood. 

P. Cresswell Crags, Waterfall, CD. Markland Grips. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Gresley, Painter, J.B. 
Var, cambrica Huds. 

L. Topley Pike, Green, CD., t. Baker, J.B. 

BBLLIS L. 
B. perennis L. Daisy. 

Native. B. Pastures, fields, waysides, lawns. Very common. P. March- 
Nov. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. A form without ray florets was 
found at Markland Grips (P.) by Mr. Gibbs, Natt., igoo, 50. 



COMPOSITE. 179 

BRIGBRON L. 

B. acre L. Bine Flmbnne. 

Native. E. Gravelly places, railway banks, lime quarries. Local and rare. 
P. July-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

P. Clowne; Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Norbury, Smith MSS. Lime quarries, Suelston Common ; jirobably 
the same locality. 

T3. Ticknall Quarry, Be23t. F. <0 F. Calke, Bloxam. 

FILAGO L. 
F. germanica L. Cudweed. 

Native. B. Arable land, waste ground. Rare. A. June-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. Gnaphalmni germanicum. 
L. Tideswell, Painter, NatK 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Roads about Coxbench, PilJcington, 
P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Langwith Junction. 
Tl. Shirley, lane to Wormsey. Betwixt Derby and Osmaston, Pilkington. 
T2. Breadsall, Crewe d Whittaker. 

T3. Fields and dry banks about Calke, Purchas, J.li. Repton, Hagger, 
CD. Near Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

F. minima Fr. 

Native. B. Dry gravelly places and fields. Rare and local. A. June- 
Aug. 

First record. Withering, 1787? Glover, 1829. 

Tl. Gravelly heath by large pond close to the railway below Findern. 

T3. Field near Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Rept. 

[F. g-allica L. 

Casual ? rriost probably the preceding was mistaken for this. 
Heaths, Derbyshire, Withering, 1787.] 

ANTENNARIA Gaertn. 

A. dioica R. Br. Mountain Cudweed. Cntsfoot. Gnaphalium dioicum L. 

Native. SB. Moors, mountain pastures. Local and rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Gisborne, 1790-95 ; also Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. At Arbor Low, between Buxton and Ashbourne, Purton. Between 
Monyash and Newhaven, Gisborne (possibly the same locality as the preceding). 
Diamond Valley, Buxton, Green, C.D. Fin Hill, Brushfield [Taddington], 
Watson's N.B.G. 

Gl. Glossop, West, J.B. Axe Edge, Painter, .IB. ! Hills between Hay- 
field and Kinderscout, Bot. Guide. 

G2. Hillside behind Baslow, Gem of the Peak. 



180 COMPOSIT.E. 

GNAPHALIUM L. 

G. uliginOSUm L. Mnrsh Cudivecd. 

Native. B. Damp roadsides, arable land, waste ground. Frequent. A. 
June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Fairfield Common, Buxton, 400 yards. Baker, J.B. 

Gl. By the brook, below Rowarth ; Bamford. 

G2. Whatstandwell, B. <& N., J.B. Below Hathersage ; Baslow ; Chats- 
worth ; Kelstedge. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. Morley Moor, Painter, J.B. Tapton, 
Drabble. By the large pool east of Killamarsh ; Dronfield ; Birleyhay ; by 
Barlow Brook ; Wingerworth ; Shirland ; Dale. 

P. Whitwell Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Long TiSuue, Painter, Nati. Humaston, Bindley. Sudbury; 
Cubley ; Barton Park ; Church Broi;ghton ; Shirley. Allestree, Pilkington. 

T2. Elvaston; Locko, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, Creive <('■ Whittaker. 
Chellaston, Painter, J.B. Long Eaton. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton Shrubs, Gibbs. About Burton- 
on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Eggiuton Common. 

G. silvaticum X. Kcnth Cudweed. 

Native. B. Heathland, pastures, waysides. Rather rare and local. P. 
July- Sept. 

First record, Whittaker, Plnjt., 1847. 

L. Newhaven, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Uannan, CD. Combes Moss, Green, CD. 

G2. Abney. 

C. Roadside, Breadsall Moor, Whittaker, PJii/t. Brackenfield Green ; 
abundant in open ground, Parkhall Woods. 

P. Whitwell Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover; Mugginton, Painter, Nat^. By Bradley Wood; sandy 
ground, Edlaston Coppy ; Breward's Car, near Windley ; Cross o' th' Hands,, 
near Hulland Ward. 

T3. Repton Rocks, N. H. Tutb. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

INULA U 

I. Conyza -OC Plouf/hinan'' n Spikenard. 

Native. E. Banks, roadsides, on limestone. Local. P. Aug. -Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. Conyza sqitarrosa. 

L. Miller's Dale, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Via Gellia ; Matlock Tor, B. d N.,, 
J.B. Monsal Dale ; near Cressbrook Dale, CD. Taddington Dale. 

P. Steetley, Painter, NafK Markland Grips ; Cresswell Crags. 



COMPOSITE. 181 

PULICARIA O.urtn. 

p. dysenterica Gantti. Flca-banc. 

Native. E. Damp roadsides, marshy parts of pastures. Not uncommon. 
P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilklngton, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley, up to 250 yards at Chee Tor, Ba'ker, J.B. Matlock Bath; 
Thorpe, Rnwlilnd, CD. Tissington, B. /!'■ N., J.B. About the ujDper part of 
Dovedale, Purchas. 

Gl. Abotit Bugsworth, Rogers. Chapel Eeservoir; Hague Bar, New- 
Mills ; Eowarth ; fields west of Griudsbrook, Edale ; Derwent Dale. 

G2. Whatstandwell, B. £ N., J.B. Near Rowsley, Rogers. Milltown, 
Drahhle. Near Hathersage ; Holbrook ; Crich Common. 

C. Renishaw Canal, Waterfall, CD. Near Holmesfleld, The Ndtiiralist. 
Coal Aston ; east of Totley ; Denby ; Sutton ; Hardwick and Walton Woods ; 
Barlborough ; New Stanton. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Markland Gviijs, The Nafiiralisf. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne ; Bolsover ; 
Elmton ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Common about Derby, CD. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Mackworth ; 
canal-side below Osmaston ; Ciibley Common ; Snelston ; Nether Biggin. 

T2. Breadsall, Wliittaker, Phyt. Canal-side near Trent Lock ; Sandiacre. 

T3. Damp places by roadsides, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. 
Rept. 

BIDENS L. 

B. cernua L. Nodding Bur Marigold. 

Native. EB. By canals, slow streams, ponds. Local. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Brook at Little Eaton, Pilkington. 

C. Renishaw Canal. 

Tl. Kedleston, Bindley. Wyaston ; Tinker's Inn, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne ; 
over 500 feet between Yeaveley and Cubley. 

T2. Banks of the Lake, Locko Park; Morley, Creice <('• Whittaker. Canal 
near Allenton ; by the Trent, near Sawley. 

T3. Ponds at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby Ponds, Gihhs. Brook-end, 
Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. Crewe's Pond, Rept. F. d- F. 

B. tripartita /-• Jn't/r Hemp. 

Native. EB. Poolsides, canals. Local. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Plentiful at Chapel Reservoir. 

C. Renishaw Canal, Waterfall, CD. Large Pool, east of Killamarsh ; 
Loscoe ; Great Pond, Wingerworth; New Stanton. 

Tl. Canal below Osmaston ; Barton Blount. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. Sandiacre ; canal near Allenton. 

T3. Pond below the Mill at Calke, Bloxam. Twyford, Hagger. CD. 
Bnrton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Brook-end, Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 



182 COMPOSITE. 

ACHILLEA /.. 

A. Millefolium L. Yurrow. MUfwI. 

Native. B. Roadsides, pastures, heaths. Common. P. Juue-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. With 
bright pink flowers at Bradley and at Mammerton, Longford (Tl). 

*A, tanacetifolia ^i~J>- 

Alien. 

L. Matlock, Crewe d' Whittaker. 

G2. On Cromford Moor, July 21, 1843, by Mr. Thos. Hardy, Ann. Nat. 
Hist., 1847. 

*A. decolorans Schrad. A, serrata E.B. 

Alien. Neighbourhood of Matlock, Pliyt., 1861, 383. '"Fine A. serrata 
seen in garden at Matlock Bath," B. S N., J.B. 

A. Ptarmica L. Sneezcwort. 

Native. B. Marshes, stream-sides, roadsides. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Goose-tongue. Bastard Pellifori/. 

L. Winster ; Cromford, Milnes, CD. Matlock, Stevens. Near Buxton, 
Jeivitt. 

Gl. Goyt's Clough, 450 yards. Baker, J.B. Fernilee ; Chapel-en-le-Frith, 
Barker. Glossop ; Tarden, near Mellor ; Edale. 

G2. Lumsdale, B. <('■ N., J.B. Darley Moor, Carr. Crich, Milnes, CD. 
Froggatt ; east of Bradwell ; below Hathersage. Between Duffield and Coxbench, 
Pilkington. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. Millhouses, The Naturalist. Norton, 
Painter, NaP. Barlborough Low Common ; Mosbrough ; canal near Shipley 
Gate ; pool east of Killamarsh ; Wingerworth ; Pebley Pond ; Dale ; New 
Stanton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. By Bradley Brook; Cubley Common; 
Chiarch Broughton ; Barton Park. In a moist close by Radbourn Common, 
Pillingfon. 

T2. Ockbrook; Locko Park; Spoudon Fields, Smith MSS. Breadsall, 
Creuje d- Whittaker. Sandiacre. 

T3. Near Calke, Purchas, J.B. Gresley ; Willington, Painter, J.B. 
Repton Rocks, Wild. Fl. Bejit. Drakelow. 

*A. tinctoria L. 

Casual. 

C. The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. 

A. Cotula L. Stlnkiuf/ May-weed . 

Colonist. EB. Arable land, waste places, roadsides. Rare. A. Juue- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1799. 

L. Miller's Dale, 250 yards, Bogcrs. J.B. 



compositjE. 188 

I 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Whitehead, CD. 

G2. Baslow, Linton. 

C. Pinxtou ; Holbrook Field, Pilhinrjion . 

P. Elmton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter. NatK 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe <{■ Wliittaker. 

T3. Cornfields about Calke, Purchas, J.B. 

A. arvensis L. Com Chamomile. 

Colonist. EB. Arable land. Eare. A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Roadside, Miller's Dale, 250 yards. Baker, .T.B. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. 

P. Between Pleasley and Rowthorne. 

Tl. Yeldersley; Bradley. 

T2. Breadsall, Creive d- Whittaker. 

T;l Newhall, N.R. Tilth. Repton, Wild Fl. Sept. 

A. nobilis -£• chamomile. 

Native. E. Heaths, commons. Rare. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

G2. Tansley Moor, Mllnes, CD. 

C. Morley Moor, Painter, J.B. 

T2. Ockbrook, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Linton, N.H. Tilth. 

CHRYSANTHEMUM L. 

C. Segetum L. Com Jfm-if/old. 

Colonist. B. Arable land. Abundant in croj^s, at lower levels. A. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Horsley ; Near Dale, Basse, CD. About Eckington, Waterfall. S. 
Normanton, Pilkington. Beighton. 

P. Houghton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt- Eavensdale Park, Mugginton ; Shirley. 
Allestree, Pilkington. 

T2. Near Breadsall, Smith MSS. Morley, Hasse, CD. Normanton, 
Painter, J.B. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Near Egginton, Bept. F. <{• F. Drakelow ; Swarkes- 
ton. Painter, J.B. <(■ Natt. Repton; Milton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. Leucanthemum L. (h-eye Balmj. Moon-daisy. 

Native. B. Fields, waysides, banks. Common. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough," Baker, J.B. " A form with 
many heads to a stem, and more deeply cut leaves," Whatstandwell, B. <& N., 
J.B. " In crevices of the limestone rocks, as well as frequent in grassy places, 
Dovedale," Purchas, J.B. 



184 COMPOSITE. 

*C. Parthenium Pcrs. Ftverfetc Matylmria Parthenium L. 

Denizen. BE. Banks, waste places, walls. Not common. P. Ji;ne-Aug. 

First record, PilMngton, 1789. 

L. Dovedale; Matlock; quarry at Tideswell, an escape, BaJcer, J.B., and 
B. d- N., J.B. Miller's Dale, Purclias. Middleton Dale, PilMngton. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. Chapel Reservoir. 

G2. Bramley, Hassop, Painter, J.B. Ashover Hay. 

C. Duckmanton, Waterfall. Wingfield, Drabble. Stanton-by-Dale, Hasse, 
CD. Unthank; Walton. 

Tl. S. of Dalbury, an escape ; Boylestone. Mackworth, Pilkington. 

T2. Morley, Hassi, CD. Breadsall, Crewe d Whittaker. Long Eaton. 

T3. Newton Solney ; Swarkeston, Painter, J.B. On an old wall at Tick- 
nail, Purchas, J.B. Anchor Church, Wild Fl. Bept. 



MATRICARIA L. 
M. inodora i. 

Native. B. Arable land, waste ground, roadsides. Frequent. A. Jiine- 
Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Cliamoniile GoUlins. 

L. Matlock ; cultivated ground up to 300 yards, B. <(• N., J.B. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers. Bamford Station. 

G'2. Baslow, Painter, J.B. Rowsley, Rogers. Kelstedge. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Marehay, near Ripley ; Beighton ; Eck- 
ington ; near Linacre House, Brampton. 

Tl. Etwall, Hb. Mason ! Norbury, Purchas. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. 
Shirley ; Sudbury ; Doveridge Woodhouse. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Cretve tfc Whittaker. Morley, Painter, J.B. Risley 
Park ; Long Eaton. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent ; Swarkeston, Painter, J.B. <£ 
Natt. Between Repton and Milton, Wild Fl. Bept. Egginton Common. 

M. ChamOiniUa i- JFikl CJunnoinih'. 

Colonist or Native? E. Arable land, waysides. Frequent. A. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Ambergate, Milnes, CD. 

C. Near Norton, The Naturalist. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Chester- 
field, Milnes, CD. Killamarsh ; Kirk Hallam. Brami)ton, Pilkington. 

P. Whitwell, near the Walls. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Allestree ; Mammerton, Longford; Church 
Broughton ; Marston-on-Dove ; Scropton ; near Findern. 

T2. Near Trent Station ; Long Eaton ; Great Wilne. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! Repton, Rcpt. F ,0 F. 



COMPOSITE. 185 

*M. discoidea DC. 

Casual. Waste ground about villages, roadsides. An American si^ecies, now 
widely spread in Great Britain. 

Gl. By Barber Booth, Edale, casually on waste ground (name given me 
by Mr. S. T. Dunn). 

Tl. About Hilton ; near Cubley, B.E.C. Bep., 1897, 521. 

T3. Abundant in several places in and about Egginton, growing with M. 
Chamomilla, compared with which it is much shorter, and of a distinct and 
more bushy habit. 

TANACETUM 1. 
T. vulgare L. Tnn.vj. 

Native. BE. Riverbanks, roadsides, waste places, Local. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Between Matlock Bath and Bonsall, Houland, CD. Banks of the R. 
Derwent, Matlock, B. and N., J.B. Via Gellia, Rogers. 

Gl. Near one of the sources of the Wye, below Nithing End, Jewitt. 
Whitehough, near Chinley ; Edale ; Hathersage. 

G2. By the Cromford Canal, Rogers. Ambergate, Gihhs. R. Derwent, 
near Little Eaton; N.W. of Kirk Iretou; Belper. 

C. Bank of R. Rother, near Renishaw, Waterfall. Beighton, Tlie 
Naturalist. Eckington. Horsley Castle; Pinxton, Pilkington. Remarkably 
abundant in this division. 

Tl. Main road, Cubley ; Eaton Wood ; lime quarries, Snelston ; Marston- 
on-Dove ; Tutbury Station ; Sudbury. Mackworth, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe <(: Whlttaker. Thrumpton Ferry; canalside 
near Chaddesden; Sawley; Great Wilne. 

T3. Between Milton and Foremark, possibly an escape, Purchas, J.B. 
Anchor Rocks, Bept. F. & F. Milton; Repton, Bagger, CD. Egginton, 
Painter, J.B. Willington, Wild Fl. Bept. 



ARTEMISIA L. 
A. Absinthium L. Wormwood. 

Denizen. EB. Waste groimd, roadsides. Rare. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. At nearly 350 yards, near a farmhouse, above Miller's Dale Station, 
Bogers, J.B, 

G2, Banks of R. Derwent, Cromford, Milnes, CD. Dethick, Pilkingtofi. 

C. Horsley Castle, Pilkington, 

Tl. Mackworth; Mickleover, Pilkington, 

T2. Alvaston, Pilkington. 

T.i. Egginton, Bept. F. ,£■ F, 



186 COMPOSITE. 

A. vulgaris L. Mugivorf. 

Native. U. Fields, hedges, waste ground. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxtou, very luxuriant at 350 yards, but only in gardens, Rogers, J.B. 
Frequent about Matlock, B. d- N., J.B. Ashwood Dale, Waterfall ! Very scarce 
on the limestone, wholly absent from Dovedale and its immediate neighbourhood ; 
near Ashbourne, Purchas, J.B. Pin Dale, near Castleton ; Hope ; near Ashford ; 
Stony Middleton. 

Gl. Dinting; New Mills; by L. & N. W. Station, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Below Hathersage ; Beeley ; near R. Derwent, above Aliestree. 

C. Near Dore ; by canal near Shipley Gate ; Freebirch, Old Brampton. 

P. Cresswell, The Naturalist. Langwith. 

Tl. On the New Red Sandstone, east of Ashbourne, Purchas, J.B. 
Clifton, Siiiith MSS. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirley ; Barton Blount ; 
about Tutbury Station. 

T2. Spondon Station, Snuth' MSS. Banks of canal and R. Derwent, 
Breadsall, Crewe <ti Wliittaher. Canalside near Chaddesden ; near Thrumpton 
Ferry ; Sawley ; Great Wilne. 

T3. Between Milton and Anchor Church, Wild Fl. Bept. Burton-on- 
Trent, Painter, J.B. 



TUSSILAGO L. 
T. Farfara L. Coit>ifoot. 

Native. B. Fields, banks, waste ground. Common. P. March-April. 

Fii'st record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant everywhere. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 



PETASITES L. 
'P. fragrans Prci^l. 

Casual. P. March. 

T3. Near Burton-on-Treut, Hh. Mason ! 

P. officinalis ^Dmich. Buttcr-hxr. /'. ritlf/i/ri.s De.sf. P. hi/hridn Hook., 
the female plant. 

Native. BE. Damp ground by streams or woods. Frequent. P. April- 
May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Tussilago 'pefasites. 

"Abundant in the Wye Valley up to Buxton, 300 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Female plants common at Matlock Bath and in Miller's and Chee Dales, 
Carr. 



COMPOSIT.'E. 187 

DORONICUM /.. 
*D. pardalianches L- Leopard' a Banc 

Alieu. Glover, 1829. 

L. Wormhill, West, CD. About the old walls near Haddon Hall, Glover. 
Matlock Bath, Gem of the Pecth. 

G2. "Woods near Ashover, Baileij, B.L. Bee., 1881-2, 242, 

SENECIO L. 

S. vulgaris X. Groimdsel. 

Native. B. Cultivated and waste ground. Very common. X. Jan. -Dec. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Sim son. 

"An abundant weed up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. 

S. silvaticus L. 

Native. B. Hedgebauks, heathland, wood borders ; '" avoids limestone," 
Purchas. Not uncommon. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Ridge Hall, Chapel-eu-le-Frith ; Bamford Station. 

G2. On coarse Millstone Grit about Birchover and Stanton, notably at 
Robin Hood's Stride, Purchas, J.B. Firestone Hill, near Hazelwood. 

C. About Renishaw, scarce, Waterfall. Breadsall Moor, Crewe & 
Whittaker. Dronfield ; Mosbrough ; Salter Wood, near Ripley; West Hallam ; 
Brierley Wood, Unstone ; Shirland ; Dale. 

Tl. Mickleover; Findern, Painter, Naft. South of Atlow Ridge Lane; 
Yeaveley ; Cubley Common ; by Allestree Park ; Church Broughton ; Hilton ; 
Little Derby. 

T2. Risley Park ; roadside, Elvaston. 

T3. Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. Foremark Bottoms, Gibbs. Calke, Bloxam. 
Willington, Painter, J.B. Near Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. liej^t. Egginton 
Common. 

*S. viscosus L. 

Casual. GB. Waste ground, railway banks. Rare. A. July-Sept, 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. Cotmanhay, Watson's N.B.G. Colliery debris near Dronfield ; colliery 
line between West Hallam and Mapjjerley. 

S. erucifolius !■■ <'>'• tcnulfoUiis Jacq. 

Native. E. Banks, roadsides, wood borders. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Roadside between Tissington and the Peveril Inn, Dovedale, B. & N., 
J.B. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Ashwood Dale, Waterfall. Matlock Bridge, 
Painter, J.B. Pin Dale, near Castleton. 

Gl. Roadside near Higher Crossings, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Great Longstone ; between Hassop and Baslow ; Fallgate, Ashover. 



ISO COMPOSITiE. 

C. Near Totley, on the Sheffield Road, Hh. Salt, Bank of Haythorne, be- 
tween Eckhigton and Staveley, Waterfall. Mapperley ; Loscoe ; Belmont, Old 
Brampton ; Hucknall ; Barlborough. 

P. Bolsover ; Pleasley, 

Tl. Mickleover; Kirk Langley ; Church Broiighton, Gibbs. Wardley, 
near Marston Montgomery; Cubley Common; Slack Lane, Brailsford ; Eaton 
Wood; Sudbury; Hoon, Allestree, Filkington. 

T2. Sandiacre. 

T3. White Hollows, Ticknall ; usually shows a i^reference for limestone, 
but there it grows on the yellow coal-measure clay soil, Purchas, J.B. Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 

S. Jacobsea x. Hagwort. 

Native. B. Roadsides, fields, commons. Common. P. .July-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to .500 yards," Baker, J.B. 
Var. Jtoscnlo.'iu.H (Jord.) 

L. Via Gellia, Noivers. 

S. aquaticus Hitds. 

Native. B. Ditch sides, marshes, meadows. Common. P. July-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
Generally distributed. 

*S. saracenicus L. 

Alien. Perhaps the remains of cultivation. 

G2. Near Chatsworth, Watson's N.B.G. 

C. Between Chesterfield and Sheffield, Bot. Guide. 



CARLINA L. 

C. vulgaris I^. Carlinc Thistle. 

Native. EB. Dry grassy slopes, especially on limestone. Local. B. Jiily- 
Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789, 

L. Wormhill, 350 yards. West, J.B. Dovedale ; Matlock Tor, B. ,(; N., J.B. 
Diamond Hill, Buxton, Bogers. Blackwell Dale, Painter, J.B. Long Dale ; 
Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Bonsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. Coomb's Dale, near 
Calver ; Longstone Edge ; Dam Dale, Peak Forest. Middleton Dale, Pilkington. 

Gl. "400 yards at Burbage," Baker, J.B. Axe Edge, Painter, J.B. 
Kinderscoiit, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Roadside near Robin Hood's Inn, east of Baslow ; Ambergate. 

P. Belph Moor, near Whitwell, and stone quarry, Whitebrick Moor; 
Steetley Quarry. 

Tl. Hillside by Old Cover, Mugginton. 

T:5. Ticknall Quarry, Eejit. F. <(■ F. 



COMPOSITE. 1 89 

ARCTIUM L. 

A. majus Bcmh. Bm-dock. Top. Bot. "Kirk ms." 

Native. E. Waste places, field borders. Very rare. B. Aug. -Sept. 

First record, Crewe d- Whittaker, 1864. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

T2. Breadsall, Greive rf Whittaker. 

T3. Repton, Bejyt. F. ,(■ F. 

A. nemorOSUm Lej. Top. Bi.>t. 240. A. interincdUint. Top. Bot. 239. 

Native. E. Copses, wood borders, dales. Rare. B. July-Sej^t. 

First record, Eng. Bot. 'drd Ed., 1866. 

L. " Prof. Babington has seen what is apparently the same plant {nemo- 
rosum) from Hope in Derbyshire," E.B. Lathkil Dale ; Longstone Edge. 

Tl. Brick kiln Copse, by main road above Shirley. 

A. minus Bemh. Lesser Burdock, 

Native. B. Roadsides, woods, waste laud. Frequent. B. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. A. Lappa. 

L. Miller's Dale, up to 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Dovedale ; Matlock, B. ,(: 
N., J.B. Ashwood (300 yards) and Monsal Dale; The Winnatts, Castleton, 
CD. Lathkil Dale, Searle, CD. Ashford. 

Gl. Ashopton ; near Yorkshire Bridge. 

G2. Strine's Wood, Ci'omford, Bailey. CD. Abnej' ; Calver ; between 
Hassop and Baslow. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Barlborough Low Common and Barl- 
borough ; Marehay, near Ripley, 

P. Palterton ; Cresswell Crags; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Littleover ; Radbourn, Bindley. Cross o' th' Hands, Hulland Ward; 
Sinfin Moor ; Cubley Brook ; Marston Montgomery ; Sapperton ; Etwall ; 
Egginton Station. 

T2. Sandiacre. 

T3. Woods, Calke, P?(?-c/;ns, .J.-B. Hwrion, Hh. Mason. Repton (.4. ia^^jim). 
Wild Fl. Bept. 

CARDUUS 1. 
*C. tenuiflorus C/rrt. 

Casual ? 

Castleton, Hb. Salt. 1801. 

C. nutans L. Nodding Thistle, Musk Thistl'-. 

Native. E. Hedge-banks, waysides, field borders. Frequent. B. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wormhill, 400 yards. West, J.B. Diamond Hill ; Monsal Dale to Miller's 
Dale, Sogers. Matlock, Crewe d Whittaker. Near Bradbourn, Purchas. The 
Winnatts, Castleton; Longstone Edge; Bradwell ; Great Hiicklow. 

Gl. Common up to 500 yards [Buxton], Baker. J.B. Near Glossop, 
Buxton's B.G. Fernilee, as a casual. Barker. Chinley. 



190 



COMPOSIT.E. 



C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

P. Cresswell; Markland Grips, Gihbs. Bolsover ; "VMiitwell; Scarcliff Park 
Wood. 

Tl. Near Bradley Park ; Shirley. 

T2. Thrumptoii Ferry ; Sandiacre. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Near Eeptoii Shrubs. Gibbs. Drakelow, Eb. 
Mason ! Near Milton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. crispus L. Welted Thistle. 

Native. BE. Hedges, roadsides, waste ground. Frequent. B. June-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Ascends to 400 yards above Castleton, Baker, J.B. Lover's Leap, 
Buxton ; Miller's Dale to Mousal Dale ; Haddou Hall, Sogers. Ashford ; Pin 
Dale. 

Gl. Edale to Hope, roadside, and about Hope. 

G2. Shattou ; near Great Hucklow ; near the Derwent, above Allestree ; 
Ashover. 

C. Beighton ; near Park Hall, Barlborough ; Sutton Scarsdale. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Etwall ; Boylestone, Gibbs. Sudbiirj' ; Tutbury Station ; Marstcn-on- 
Dove ; Norbury ; near Eaton Wood ; Suelston Common ; Ashboiirne. 

T2. Near Trent Station and Thrumpton Ferry ; about Sawley ; Long 
Eaton. 

T3 Stapenhill, Gibbs. Near Milton, Wild Fl. Bept. Eeptou towards 
Willington, Bept. F. d F. Drakelow. 

Var. acanthoid.es -£• Jeu-itt, isii. 

L. Ashwood Dale; Castleton, Painter, J.B. tO CD. 

G2. Near the Derwent, above Allestree. 

Tl. Clifton, Smith MSS. 

T2. Weston Cliff, Hasse, CD. 

T8. Aboiit Calke, Purchas, J.B. 

Hybrid. x nutans (Xeichouldi H.C. Wats.). 

L. Cressbi-ook Dale, east side, Linton ! Via Gellia, Drabble. 

CNICUS L. 

C. lanceolatus WiUd. spear Thistle. 

Native. B. Fields, waysides, waste ground. Common. B. July-Nov. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant everywhere. "Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

C. eriophorus Roth. Woolly-headed Thistle. Top Bot., " Howitt Cat." 

Native. EG. Waste ground, hedge-banks, pastures, preferring limestone. 
Bare. B. July-Sept. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1S05. 



COMPOSITE. 191 

L. Via Gellia ; Cromford, Watson's N.B.G. Thorpe, Bot. Gvide. Buxton, 
JBuxton Guide. About the zigzag walk at Matlock Bath, Sm. Eng. Fl. Coomb's 
Dale, near Calver ; Hassop Mines, abundant. 

Gl. Dry pastures near Low Leighton, Bot. Guide. 

G2. Stanton Moor, Hasse, CD. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. On one occasion near Drakelow, N.H. Tnth. 

C. palustris WiUd. Marsh Thistle. 

Native. B. Marshy fields, damp woods, roadsides. Common. A. or B. 
June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkiiigton, 1789. 

Generally distributed and plentiful. " Ascends up to 450 yards," Bogers. 

C. pratensis WiUd. 

Native. E. Marshy meadows. Local and rare. P. June- Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. Also Buxton Guide, 1854. 

L. Buxton, Buxton Guide. 

Tl. Findern ; Radbourn, Painter, Natt. Mickleover, Bindley. Ashbourne, 
Hb. Mason ! 

T3. Low Meadows adjoining Willington Junction, BeiJt. F. <i- F. Willington, 
B.E.C. Bep., 1894, 452. 

C. heterophyllus Wdld. Mehmcholy Thistle. 

Native. SH. Damp parts and woodland of limestone dales, rare elsewhere. 
Locally abundant. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. Carduus lielenioides. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards. West, J. B. Lover's Leap, Biixton, Bailey, CD. 
Diamond Hill, Rogers. "Wormhill, Drabble. Taddington, Glover. Cressbrook 
Dale ; Monsal Dale, CD. Dovedale ; Beresford Dale, Piirchas, J.B. Brassington, 
Gibbs. At Biirbage, mixed with Pamassia, Baker, J.B. Lathkil Dale ; Grin 
Woods. 

Gl. Corbar Wood, CD. Cornfield near Combes Moss, Watson's N.B.G. 
Malcoff, near Chapel-en-le-Frith, and at Slackhall. 

C. acauliS JFUld. Dwarf Thistle. 

Native. EG. Dry pastures, only on limestone. Rare. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Wolfscote Hill, Miss A. Purchas. 

P. Cresswell, The Naturalist. Elmton ; Markland Grips. 

C. arvensis Hoffm. Common Thistle. 

Native. B. Fields, roadsides, waste ground. Very common. P. July-Sept, 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

" Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B, 

ONOPORDON L. 

O. Acanthium L. Cotton Thistle. Argentine. 

Denizen. E. Waste ground, roadsides. Very rare. B. July-Sept. 



192 COMPOSITE. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Tl. Beutley Hall, near Cubley, Good all. 

T3. Reptou, on the Burton Road, Wild Fl. Bept. 

MARIANA H>l!. 

M. lactea Hill. MUk Thistle. Sihjhnm Mayianinn Gaertn. CardiiKs ilarwnm L, 
Denizen. Waste ground, roadsides. Very rare. B. June-July. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

Tl. Mickleover, on cultivated ground. Painter, Nat*. 
T3. Near Repton, Hugger, CD. Walton, N.H. Tatb. 

SERRATULA X. 
S. tinctoria X- Saw-ivort. 

Native. E. Woods, copses, waysides, railway banks. Locally plentiful. 
P. July-AiTg. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards; Matlock, West, J.B. Miller's Dale, Rogers, 
J.B. Buxton, Painter, J.B. Bakewell, Milnes, CD. Near Grange Mill ; 
Brassington Rocks; bank between Scow Brook and Kirk Iretou. 

C. Hedge near Norton Lees, Hb. Salt. Hasland ; Calow, Drahhle. Horsley 
Gate ; south of Coal Aston ; east of Totley ; Fritchley. 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowue. 

Tl. Burnaston, Painter, Natt. Peathays, Shii-ley ; Yeldersley Rough ; 
near the Spread Eagle Inn, Findern ; Mickleover. 

T2. Breadsall, rare, Whittaker, Phyt. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. Repton Shrubs, Painter, J.B. Etwall Road, Repton, Hagger, CD. 

Var. inonticoJa (Bor.). 

L. Ashwood Dale, Waterfall. 

C. At Parkhall Woods, Renishaw, with the type, Waterfall . 

OBNTAUREA l. 

*C. Jacea L. Black Knapu-ced. 
Casual. 
C. Pinxton, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. nigra L- Knapn-ced. Hardhead. 

Native. B. Fields, roadsides, banks. Common. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Hardirons. 

Abundant everywhere. " Common up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough," 
Baker, J.B. " A form apj^roximating towards C decijnens is found in dry 
places near Matlock," B. d N., J.B. 

Var. dccipieiw (Thuill.) H. nigre.sccm Eab. 

T3. The Royle Farm, Cauldwell, N.H. Tiith. 



COMPOSITiE. 193 

C. Scabiosa L. Great Knapweed. Matfellon. 

Native. BE. Banks, hedgesides, arable laud. Somewhat local. P. Jiily- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkingfon, 1789. 

L. Common up to 350 yards, Baker, J.B. Ashwood Dale; Topley Pike; 
Cressbrook Dale ; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Wormhill ; Matlock, West, J.B. 
Brassiugtou Rocks, white flowered, Purchas, J.B. Hartiugton, Bindley. Dale 
Head, near Wheston. 

G2. Great Longstoue. 

C. Barlborough. 

P. Bolsover; Clowue ; Cresswell Craggs; Ui:)per Laugwith. Pleasley, 
Pilkinffton. 

Tl. Hulland; lane north of Edlaston Lodge. 

T2. Morley, Crewe d Whittaker, 

T3. Ticknall Quarry, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. CyanUS J^- Bluebottle Cornflower. 

Colonist. B. Cornfields, waste ground. Not common. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Grange Mill, Bowland, CD. 

Gl. Field near Bamford, perhaps casual, Gibbs. 

C. Intake, The Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. Ferriby Brook, Morley, 
Crewe & Whittaker. 

Tl. Fields at Wyaston and Darley Moor, Miss Sandford. Fields adjoining 
Yeldersley Lane. 

T2. Breadsall, cornfields, Crewe tf- Whittaker. Spondon, Pilkington. 

T3. Calke, Bloxani. Brizlincote, N.H. Tiitb. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

CICHORIUM L. 

C. Intybus L. Chicorn. Wild Succory. 

Denizen. E. Fields, waste places, roadsides. Local and rare. P. July- 
Sept, 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. 

P. Clowne, Pilkington. 

Tl. Clover fields [Osmaston-by-Ashbourne neighbourhood]. Smith MSS. 
Fields above Shirley Vicarage. 

T2. Near Hopwell Hall, Smith MSS. Breadsall, very rare, Whittaker, 
Phyt. Sawley, a single plant found, Atkinson, CD. In the road leading to 
Swarkeston Bridge, Glover, 

T3. At the Dimminsdale Lime-yard, Calke, evidently a casual, Purchas, 
J.B. Breach Farm, Cauldwell, N.H. Tuth. Reptou, Wild Fl. Bept. Only once 
found, Hagger, CD. 

O 



194 composiTjE. 

LAPSANA L. 

L. communis L. Nipplewort. 

Native. B. Hedge-banks, waysides, waste ground. Common. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Frequent up to 400 yards over Castleton," Baker, 
J.B. 

PICRIS L. 

P. hieracioides L. Eawkweei Ox-tougue. 

Native. E. Waysides, hedge-banks, waste ground; especially on limestone 
and dry soils. Local. P. June-Oct. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Ashwood Dale; Taddington Wood, 200-300 yards. Baker, J.B. Miller's 
Dale, Cressbrook Dale ; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Matlock, frequent, B. £ N., 
J.B. Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Ashford to Fin Cop ; between Sandybrook and 
Thorpe. 

G2. Fallgate, Ashover. 

C. Press ; Barlborough. 

P. Langwith, Drabble. Bolsover ; Palterton. 

T2. Chellaston, Painter, NatK Near Ockbrook, Hasse, CD. Breadsall, 
Crewe fC Whittaker. Sandiacre. 

T8. Near the Ashby Lodge, Calke, Parchas, J.B. Stapenhill, N.H. Tutb. 
Newton Solney, Painter, J.B. Eepton, Wild Ft. Bept. 

P. echioides -^- O-v-tongiw. Helminthia cchioidcs Gsertn. 

Native. E. Hedges, field borders, waysides. Local and rare. B. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Whittaker, 1847. 

L. Near Winster, Milnes, CD. 

T2. Roadside near the windmills at Chellaston, Purchas. Breadsall, 
Whittaker, Phijt. 

T3. Between Stapenhill and Cauldwell, N.H. Tutb. Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bept. 

CREPIS L. 
C. taraxaci folia ThnUi. 

Colonist. G. Cultivated land. Rare. A. or B. June-Aug. 
First record, Crewe <& Whittaker, 1864, 
L. Matlock, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

Tl. Burnaston, Bindley. Fields adjoining Yeldersley Lane ; fields between 
Bradley Smithy and Bradley Park. 
T2. Fields at Shardlow. 



COMPOSITE. 195 

C virens L. Hawk's Beard. 

Native. B. Fields, banks, waste places, waysides. Common. A. or B. 
June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. C. tectorum. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. 

*C. nicseensis Baib. 

Casual. Occasionally in fields, or on banks. 
C. Eailway bank of the Great Central, Renishaw. 
Tl. Fields adjoining Yeldersley Lane, B.E.C. Bep., 1889, 263. 

C. biennis X. 

Colonist or Casual. G. Fields, banks. Rare. B. July-Aug. 

First record, Buxton Guide, 1854. 

L. Buxton, Buxton Guide. 

Gl. Barmoor C lough, Barrow. 

C. Railway banks of the Great Central, Renishaw. 

Tl. Burnaston, Painter, NatK Fields adjoining Yeldersley Lane. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

C. paludosa Mmich. Marsh Haick's Beard. 

Native. SH. Marshy places, moist copses, brook banks. Rather rare and 
local. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. Hieracium paludosum. 

L. Wye Valley up to Buxton, 300 yards. Baker, J.B. Grin Plantation, 
Buxton, over 350 yards, Bogers. Meadows near the town of Castletou, Bot. 
Guide. 

Gl. Near the source of the Dove, and I think on the Derbyshire side of 
the stream, but ceasing when the limestone is reached, Purchas, J.B. Stirrup 
Wood, Fl. Ashto7i. Near Westend Farm, Gibbs, Near Rowarth ; R. Sett, south 
of Hayfield; Combes Moss; Edale; near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Ramsley Moor, above Baslow, near Fox Lane Plantation. 

C. Bog near Dore, The Naturalist. Coxbench, Watson's JV.B.G. Horsley 
Carr, Crewe <£■ Whittaker. 

Tl. In marshy fields, frequent [Osmaston-by-Ashbourne neighbourhood]. 
Smith M8S. Meadows between Shirley Mill and Wood; Ash Cover, Bradley- 
Brook. 

HIERACIUM X. 

H, Pilosella X. Mouse-ear Haukweed. 

Native. B. Banks, dales, dry pastures, walls. Common. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Very general through the County. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, 
J.B. "Especially prevalent on the limestone," Purchas, J.B. Abundant on the 
magnesian limestone. 



196 COMPOSITE. 

Var. pilosismnum Wallr. H. Peleterianum Mer. 

L. Dovedale, Borrer in E.B. Ed. iii., 1866. The same form is noticed by 
Mr. Purchas, B.E.C. Bep., 1887, 184. 

*H. dubium i- Excluded species, H.B. Ed. iii., 1866. 
Alien or Casual. 
C. Coxbench Wood, Pilkington, 1789. 

*H. aurantiacum L. Alien. 

C. Ill an old Cemetery at Staveley, Drabble. 

H. lasiophyllum A'ocA. 

Native. H. Rocky ledges among hills. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Allport Castles, Allport Dale, 1893. 

Var. planifoliiiin F.J. Hanb. 

. L. Wall Cliff, Tideswell ; Tideswell Dale. 

[H. argenteum Fr. J.B., 1889, 179, and CD., was an error). 

H. britannicum F.J. iianb. 

Native. I. Limestone crags and cliffs. Locally abundant. P. May-July. 

First record, Sm. Eng. Fl., 1825; also Fainter, /.5., 1881, 249. H. cmsium. 

L. Limestone cliffs of Ashwood Dale, 300-350 yards, Baker, J.B. Chee 
Tor ; Litton Dale ; Monk's Dale, Ley. Blackwell Dale ; Monsal Dale, Whitelegg, 
CD. Topley Pike, Hb. Carr. Dovedale, Purchas. Walls of Castle, Castleton, 
Sm. Eng. Fl. {H, murorum). Dale Head, near Wheston; Bee Low, Peak 
Forest ; Bradwell ; Great Rocks Dale ; crags at Parkhouse Hill. 

Gl. Near the siimmit of Back Tor, Edale. 



H. rivale F.J. Hanb. Var. subhirtum F.J.H. 

Native. H. Mountain rocks. Rare. P. June-July. 

First record. The Flora. 

L. Above Kingsterndale, Leg. Great Rocks Dale, near Buxton. 

H. cymbifolium Fun-has. 

Native. IL. Limestone dales. Rare. P. June-July, 

First found, Ley, 1887; first record, B.E.C. Sep., 1890, 304 {H. ccesium 
var. Smithii); J.B., 1899, 421. 

L. Dovedale, Leg. Chee Dale, Hb. Hanb. Cunning Dale, Ashwood Dale, 
and Great Rocks Dale, near Buxton ; Topley Pike ; Monsal Dale ; Ravensdalc, 
and Tunsley Dale, near Litton ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Kingsterndale. 



COMPOSITE. 197 

H. silvaticum Gouan. H. inurorain L. (5. sUvaticiun. 

Native. B. Rocks, banks, walls. Locally plentiful. P. June- Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Great Rocks Dale. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Derby, Pilkington. 

T3. Cricketfield walls, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

Var. micracladium Dahlst. 
L. Great Rocks Dale. 

Var. lepistolfics Johanss. 

L. Priestcliffe Lees, High Field, Picrchas. Ash wood Dale; Topley Pike, 
J.B. 1893 (v. ciliatitm). Miller's Dale, Searle, CD. [H. murorum). High Tor, 
near Matlock Bridge ; by the Colour Works, Matlock Bath, Carr. Tunsley Dale, 
near Litton; Beresford Dale. 

Var. sanguiHeum Ley. 

L. Great Rocks Dale (f. A. Leu). 

H. rubiginosum F.J. H<(nh. H. vnUjatnm var. nibcscens Backh. 

Native. I. Limestone rocks. Rare. P. June- Aug. 

First found, Leij, 1887 ; first record, Painter, J.B., 1889. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Ley ! Blackwell Dale, Painter, Natt. Cressbrook and 
Tunsley Dales ; roadside below Litton. 

H. holophyllum W.R. Linton. 

Native. L. Limestone dales. Rare. P. June-Aug. 

First found, Purchas, 1881 ; first record, J.B., 1890. 

L. Rocks near the road between Buxton and Miller's Dale, Linton, J.B., 1893 
(ciliatum). Cressbrook Dale; Conies Dale; Peak Forest ; Dovedale ; Harborough 
Rock ; Great Rocks Dale. 

H. VUlgatum Fr. Sawkweed. 

Native. B. Banks, rocks, walls. Frequent but local. P. June-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. H. silvaticum. 

L. Matlock, lip to 350 yards, B. A N., J.B. Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. 
Miller's Dale, West, J.B. Buxton, Rogers. Monsal Dale, CD. Litton; 
Harborough Rock ; Great Rocks Dale. 

Gl. Ascends to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough, Baker, J.B. R. Sett, south 
of Hayfield ; Edale ; Jagger's Clough. 

G2. Baslow ; Belper. 

C. Dale, Hasse, CD. Calow, near Chesterfield. 

Tl. Dalbury ; Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Heath at large pool by the 
railway below Findern. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe X- Wliittaker. Morley, Hasse, CD. 

T3. Anchor Church, Purchas, J.B. Near Calke, Watson's N.B.G. Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 



198 COMPOSITE. 

H. diaphanoides Lmdeb. 

Native. HS. Rocks and banks among mountains. Rare. P. Jiine-Aug. 

First record, B.E.G. Bep., 1890, 264. 

L. Chee Tor, Ley in B.E.G. Bep. for 1889. Harborough Rock ; Dovedale. 

Gl. Back Tor, Edale. 

G2. Owler Bar, Gihbs. 

H, diaphanum Fr. 

Native. Banks, rocks. Rather rare. P. Jmie-Aug. 
L. Chee Dale, Chee Tor. 

Var. glaucovirens Dahlst. 

L. Miller's Dale ; Monk's Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Cressbrook Dale ; Conies 
Dale, Peak Forest; The Wiunatts, Castleton ; Wall CHff, Tideswell. 

Gl. Castle Rocks, Allport Dale; ridge near Chiuley Chnrn. 

H. sciaphilum Ueditr. 

Native. BE. Hedge banks, waysides, woods, rocks. Frequent. P. June- 
Aug. 

First record, B.E.G. Bep., 1891, 304. 

L. Buxton, Painter, NaP. Dovedale {H. orarium), J.B., 1891, 273. Bradford 
Dale ; Youlgrave ; Earl Rake, Bradwell ; Pin Dale, near Castleton ; Ashford ; 
Great Rocks Dale ; High Rake ; Great Hucklow ; between Scow Brook and Kirk 
Ireton. 

Gl. Woodlands, beyond Snake Inn, Gibbs. Railway banks and copses near 
Charlesworth ; Edale ; Hathersage ; Chinley ; Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Abney, Shatton ; White Edge Moss ; Grindleford Bridge ; near Fox 
House Inn; Stanton. 

C. West Hallam ; Coal Aston ; Codnor Castle ; Parkhall Woods, near 
Westthorpe ; Wilday Green, Barlow ; Dale ; New Stanton. 

P. Cresswell, Gibbs. Houghton ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Shirley; Brailsford Park; Rodsley ; north of Cubley; Edlaston to 
Ashbourne ; Church Broughton ; Hatton ; Egginton Station. 

T2. Risley Park. 

TT , rigfidum Hartm. Var. scabrescens Johams. 

Native. Roadsides, rocky slopes and banks. Rare. P. July-Sept. 

First record. The Flora. 

L. Harborough Rock. 

Gl. Railway bank, Chapel-en-le-Frith, near the L. & N.W. Station. 

Tl. Roadsides near The Pastures, Edlaston. 

Var. tridentatum (Fr.) H. tridentatum Fr. 
Native. E. 

L. Ashwood Dale, CD. 
Gl. Malcoff, near Chapel-en-le-Frith. 
G2. Bar Brook, above Baslow, 330 yards. 

Tl. Dog Lane, near Atlow; lane between Osmaston and Bradley Wood. 
T3. Coton in the Elms, Painter, J.B. 



COMPOSITE. 199 

H. prenanthoides vni. 

Native. H. Limestone cliffs. Very rare. P. Aug. -Sept. 
First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Chee Dale, Hh. Carr. Perhaps the same 
locality. 

H. strictum Fr. Var. subcrocatum Linton. 

Native ? H. Banks. Very rare. P. Aug. -Sept. 

First found, The Author, 1898; record, J.B., 1899, 527. 

Gl. Railway bank near L. & N. W. Station, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

H. boreale Fr. 

Native. BE. Banks, wood borders, copses. Frequent. P. Aug. -Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. H. sabaiuhim. 

L. Frequent in the limestone dales up to 300 yards, Baker, J.B. Lover's 
Leap, Buxton ; Miller's Dale ; Matlock Bath ; Bonsall, Sogers. Taddington 
Dale ; Coomb's Dale, near Calver ; Earl Eake, Bradwell. 

Gl. Between Bugsworth and New Mills, Rogers. Near the Snake Inn 
Dinting ; Edale ; Bamford ; near Eyam. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Rogers. Hazelwood ; Duffield ; Wirksworth, 
Gibbs. Abney Clough ; Shatton ; Froggatt ; near Stony Middleton ; Grindleford 
Bridge. 

C. Coxbench Wood, CD. Near the canal, north of Chesterfield ; Kirk 
Hallam ; Codnor ; Denby Common ; east of Dale. Brampton, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Mickleover; Mugginton, Painter, Nat*. Shirley; roadside near 
Edlaston Pastures; Bradley; Church Broughton ; Hilton Common. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

T3. Bank of the Tramway at Heath End, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Near 
Repton Shrubs, Bept. F. £• F. Between Calke and Breedon, Bloxam. 

H. umbellatiim L. 

Native E. Hedgesides, banks, heathland. Not uncommon. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. 

L. On the Yoredale rocks of the upper part of the Dove Valley, Purchas, 
J.B. Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jewitt. 

Gl. Valley of the Goyt, Painter, J.B. Charlesworth, Fl. Ashton. Edale, 
fields opposite Grindsbrook, across the stream. 

C. Heanor, Watson's N.B.G. 

Tl. Between Edlaston and Tinker's Inn, Srnith MSS. Mickleover, Painter, 
Natt. Ednaston; Hollington; Bradley (a dark styled form), B.E.C. Rep., 1890, 
306 ; Church Broughton to Sutton ; Shirley ; lane, West Broughton, Sudbury ; 
Hilton Common ; heath by large pool south of Findern. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. Between Ockbrook and Dale, Smith, MSS. 

T3. Egginton ; Willington, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Between 
Crewe's Pond and Loscoe, Rept. F. <f- F. 



200 COMPOSIT.E. 

HYPOOHCERIS L. 
H. radicata L. Cafs-far. 

Native. B. Fields, roadsides, waste places. Common, P. Jiine-Oct. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

Abundant throughout the County. " Frequent up to 400 yards at Burbage," 
Balier, J.B. 

LBONTODON z. 
Li. hirtus L. 

Native. E. Dry slopes, heaths, fields. Not uncommon. P. June-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Hillside opposite the Railway Station, Miller's Dale, Bogers. Middleton 
Common, Wirksworth, Milnes, CD. The absence of L. hirtus [from Dovedale] 
is remarkable. One plant only found, on the Staffordshire side, Purchns, J.B. 

Gl. Charlesworth, Fl. Ashton. Near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Froggatt ; Crich Common. 

C. Codnor Castle ; Westthorpe ; Troway ; by the pool east of Killamarsh ; 
Hazlebarrow Farm, Norton ; between Greenhill and Bradway ; Wingerworth ; 
Nether Loads, Old Brampton ; between Tibshelf and Hucknall. 

P. Scarcliffe ; Elmton ; by the Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Cubley Common; waste ground by the railway, below Findern. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Creive <£• Whittaker. Between Swarkeston and 
Chellaston, Painter, Natt. 

T3. Heathy places about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Between Repton and 
Milton, Bept. F. <(■ F. 

L. hispidus i^. 

Native. EB. Meadows, pastures, waysides. Common. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. " Common wp to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

L. autumnalis L. Hawkbit. 

Native. B. Waysides, dry places, fields. Common. P. June-Oct, 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

More or less generally distributed. " Common up to 500 yards on Axe 
Edge," Baker, J.B. " A form with jDale lemou-coloi;red flowers occurred in a 
meadow east of Allestree Park. 

Var. pratensin (Koch). 

C. Near Norton Lees, The Naturalist. 

TARAXACUM IMI. 

T. oflBcinale W<b. Dandelion. 

Native. B. Fields, cultivated and waste ground, roadsides, banks, walls. 
Very common. P. Mar. -Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Leontodon Taraxacum. 

Everywhere abundant. " Up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 



COMPOSITE. 201 

Var. corniculatum (DC). 

Probably this is the B. Dens Leonis angustiorihus foliis (Ray Syn.) recorded 
for Derbyshire in Sm. Eng. FL, 1824. 

L. At Matlock Bath, Sm. Eng. Fl. Kirkdale, Ashford ; Carsington Pastures ; 

Dovedale ; Brassington Rocks. 

P. Markland Grips, Gihhs, Natt. 

Tl. Roadside at the Lime Quarries, Snelstou Common, B.E.G. Rep., 1895, 
486; on a wall at Allestree ; Shirley Park, on steep grassy slopes, J.B., 1888, 31. 

Var. Icevigatiim (DC). 

P. Markland Grips, Gibbs, Natt. " Undoubtedly T. IcBvigatum" F. 
Townsend. 

Tl. Normanton, Painter, J.B. 

Var. palicstrc (DC). IFatson, Cyh. Brit., 1847. " / have an indlHlnct n-collcctlon 
of seeing it iu Derhi/shire.'^ 

Native. BS. 

L. In a swampy part of Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Near Brassington Rocks. 

Gl, Up to 500 yards in swamps of Axe Edge, Baker, J.B. Plentiful about 
Grindsbrook, Edale. 

G2. Near the Ecclesbourne Brook, above Shottle. 

P. Markland Grips, Gibbs, NatK 

Tl. Fields and by the brook, Shirley ; near Alkmonton ; Cubley ; Abbott's 
Clowne Holme ; Radbourn. 

T3. Drakelow Park. 

Var. ii/Iuin (.Jord.). 

Tl. Between Holliugton and Thurvaston Stoop; SinflnMoor; meadows east 
of Alkmonton. 

LACTUCA x. 

L. virosa i. Jf'^iM Lettuce. Top. Bot., "Hewitt cat." 

Native. G. Banks, hedge-sides, fields. Rare. A. or B. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Pilkington. 

Tl. Radbourn, Painter, Natt. 

T2. Formerly between Derby and Borrowash, Hasse, CD. 

T3. Near Stanton-by-Bridge, also noticed by Ch. Babington {N.B.G , 638), 
Purchas, J.B. 

L. muralis Fresen. IVall Lettuce. 

Native. E. Hedge-banks, woods, rocks, walls. Local and plentiful. A or 
B. July-Sept. 

First record, Martyn, Phil. Trans. XXXVI., 1729. Scariol'a silvestris 
anguillarcB. Lactuca silvestris miirorum flore luteo. 

L. Common on limestone up to 400 yards. Baker, J.B. Cromford ; 
Dovedale, Nowers. Ashwood Dale ; Diamond Hill ; Miller's Dale ; Haddou 
Hall; Matlock Bath, Rogers. Brassington Rocks, Gibbs. Middleton Dale; 



202 COMPOSITE. 

Ashford; Hartle Dale, Bradwell, About the eutrance iuto Peak's Hole, Martyn, 
Phil. Tr. 

Gl. Fernilee ; Chapel-en-le-Prith, Barker. Near Glossop ; Mills near 
Mellor ; Bdale ; Derwenfc Dale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Duffield Bridge, Whittaker, Phyt. Stantoa-in-the-Peak ; Rowsley, 
The Naturalist. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Griadleford Bridge ; Shottle Gate. 

C. Perriby Brook, Morley, Crewe S Whittaker. Totley ; Norton, The 
Naturalist. Heanor, Watson's N.B.G. The Moss, Mosbrough ; Loscoe ; Holbrook ; 
near Wiugfleld Park. 

P. Whitwell, The Naturalist. Walls, Bolsover Castle, Waterfall, CD. 
Cresswell ; Clowne ; Palterton ; Houghton. 

Tl. Somershall, Gibbs. Radbourn, Painter, Natt. Edlaston ; Norbury ; 
Cubley ; Church Broughton ; Kedleston. 

T3. Shady banks, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Winshill, Painter, J.B. Near 
Foremark Park, Watson's N.B.G. Anchor Church, Wild Fl. Bept. 

SONCHUS L. 
S. oleraceus J^- SowthistU'. 

Native. B. Cultivated and waste ground, waysides. Common. A. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 

S. asper Hoffm. Sowtkistle. 

Native. B. Cultivated and waste ground, waysides. Common. A. June- 
Sept. 

First record. Painter, J.B., 1881. 

"Common up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. The form with glandular 
pedicels occurred at Ashford, and Hathersage. 

S. arvensis L. Com Soa-thl^tle. 

Native. B. Cultivated and waste ground, streamsides. Common. P. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. 

Var. glabrescens Hall. 

TI. Shirley, fields between the Vicarage and main road, J.B. 1888, 331, 
and B.E.G. Rep., 1888, 221. 

TRAGOPOGON L. 

T. pratense J^- Var. minus 3nil. Goat's Beard. Go-to-bed-at-noon. 

Native. BE. Field borders, banks, waysides. Frequent. B. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Top of Diamond Hill, 400 yards ; Buxton, Rogers. Hillside, west of 
Matlock Bridge Station, B. <& N., J.B. Blackwell Dale, Painter, NatK Allport; 
Ashford ; Middleton Dale. 



COMPOSITE. campanulace;e. 203 

Gl. Fernilee ; Chapel-en-le-Prith, Barker. Whaley Bridge ; Combes. 

G2. Rowsley, Hagger, CD. Near Hathersage ; Stokemoor Wood, Grindle- 
ford Bridge ; near the Peacock Inn, 360 yards. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Dore, The Naturalist. Denby ; Marehay, 
near Ripley ; Norton ; New Stanton. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Bolsover ; Scarcliffe Park Wood ; Pleasley. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Findern, Painter, NaU. Burnaston, Bindley. Mugginton ; 
between Allestree and Quarndon ; about Tutbury Station ; Shirley. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith, MSS. Breadsall ; Chaddesden, Painter, J.B.&Nafi. 
Spondon, Hasse, CD. Long Eaton ; Sawley. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

*T. porrifolium I. Salsify. 

Alien. 

L. Between Matlock Bath and Bonsall, Glover. 

T2. Field by the Waterworks, Breadsall, Crewe d Whittaker. 



CAMPANULACE/E. 

JASIONE L. 

J. montana £. Sheep'' s- scabious. Sheep' s-bit. 

Native. BE. Dry banks, sandy places. Local. A. or B. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkimjton, 1789. 

L, " Occurs freely on the Yoredale Rocks of the upper part of the course of 
the Dove. I have never seen it on the limestone," Purchas, J.B. 

Gl. Near Buxton, 350 yards, Rogers. Plentiful along the old road over 
Eccles Pike, between Whaley Bridge and Chapel, Barker. Bugsworth ; Combes ; 
New Mills, a form with pale purple flowers ; Ladybower and other localities in 
Edale ; Ashopton. 

G2. Lumsdale, B. A N., J.B. Two Dales, Bowland, CD. Ambergate ; 
Duffield Bank, Painter, J.B. Near Wirksworth, Gibbs. Near Milnhay, Gishorne. 
Tansley, Crewe <(; Whittaker. Robin Hood's Stride, Birchover, Purchas, J.B. 
Abney. 

C. Wingerworth, Pilkington. Coxbench, Crewe cf- WJiittaker. 

P. Pleasley, Pilkington. 

Tl. Findern, Patu^e;-, JVa^^ Breward's Car, Mugginton ; Spinnyford Brook, 
Hulland. 

T2. Derby, Pilkington. 

T3. Stanton-by-Bridge, about the old sandstone quarries, Purchas, J.B. 
Calke, Bloxam. Parson's Hills, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



204 CAMPANULACE^. 

WAHLBNBERGIA Schrad. 

"W". hederacea Rcchh. Ivy-leaved BcU-Jlotccr. Campanula hedcracca L. 

Native. A. Boggy ground, spongy places in doughs. Very rare. P. Aug.- 
Sept. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1889. 

Gl. Derwent, Hh. Mason ! Jarvis Clough, near Ashopton, 360 yards. 

T3. Repton Rocks, in small quantity, where it was found by a Repton 
schoolboy, Painter, J.B. 

CAMPANULA L. 

C. glomerata L. Clmtcred Bell- flower. 

Native. GE. Banks, pastures, almost confined to the limestone. Rare. P. 
June-Aug. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. 

L. Woods, Buxton, 350 yards, Rogers. Lover's Leap, CD Near Harting- 
ton ; near Parsley Hay Station, Purchas. On old walls at Haddon Hall, Glover. 
Summit of cliffs, south side of Ghee Dale. 

C. Stanton-by-Dale Moor, Hasse, CD. 

T2. Spondon, Basse, CD. 

C. Trachelium -t. Nettle-leaved Bell-Jloiver. 

Native. E. Hedges, thickets, woods, preferring limestone. Local, P. 
July-Ang. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards, West, J.B. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Ghee 
Dale, Bailey, CD. Monsal Dale, Rogers, J.B. Matlock Bath ; Lathkil Dale, 
Rowland, CD. Dovedale, Purchas. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Taddington, Jewitt. 
Goomb's Dale, near Calver. 

G2. Betwixt Duffield Bridge and Makeney, Pilkington. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkirigton. 

P. Pleasley Park, Watson's N.B.G. Cresswell, Painter, NaU. Scarcliffe ; 
Houghton ; Langwith Wood ; Steetley. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe <(• Whittaker. Spondon, Hasse, CD. 

T3. Brizlincote, N.H. Tutb. 

C. latifolia -^- Broad-leaved Bell-flower. Giant Throatwort. 

Native. SI. Hedges, woods, banks. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Ray. Cat., 1670. Trachelium majus Belgarum, Ger. 

Campanula maxima foliis latissimis CB, ; also W. Derham, 1718. 

L. Castleton ; Taddington, 200-300 yards. Baker, J.B. Lanes over Bonsall, 
on the eastern ridge up to 300 yards, B. £ N., J.B. Matlock, a depauperate 
form ; Miller's Dale, West, CD. Ashford, Whitehead, CD. Dovedale, Purchas. 
Blackwell Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Cressbrook Dale, Painter, J.B. Carsington ; near 
Youlgreave, Gibhs. Sheldon ; Eyam. Betwixt Ashbourne and Dovedale, 
Pilkington. 



CAMPANULACE^. 205 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Asliton. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Whitehead, CD. 
By the Goyt, uear Strines, Barker. Bamford ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Alderwasley, Gibbs. Froggatt, between Hassop and Baslow ; Idridge- 
hay ; Ashover Hay. Betwixt Rowsley and Darley, Pilkington. 

C. Between Norton and Eckington ; Holmesfield, The Naturalist. Woods 
and hedges near Renishaw, abundant, Waterfall. Barlborough, and Barlborough 
Low Common ; brook, west of Shipley Hall ; Mosbrough ; Dale. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Bolsover ; Paltertou ; Clowne. 

Tl. Ashbourne ; near Mugginton, Painter, Nat*. Shirley ; Snelston ; 
Cubley; by the brook, Marston Montgomery. 

T2. Near Ockbrook Mill, Smith MSS. Between Breadsall and Darley ; 
Morley, Crewe d WJiittaker. By a brook near Hopwell Hall, very abundant, 
Watso7i's N.B.G. Chaddesdeu, probably a garden escape. Painter, Nat(. Little 
Chester, Pilkington. 

T3. Near Calke Mill, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Eepton Rocks, 
Painter, J.B. 

C. rotundifolia L. Harebell. 

Native. B. Pastures, banks, waysides. Common. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant everywhere. " Common up to 500 yards on Axe Edge," Baker, 
J.B. A white-flowered form has been noticed at Longstone Edge (L.), Abney 
(G2), and Slatepit Dale, Holymoorside (C). 

C patula L. Hpreading Bell-flower. Top. Bot. "Berkley ms." 

Denizen. E. Banks, fields. Very rare and scarce. A. or B. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Pilkington's statement that this is " frequent " is certainly a mistake, as 
Watson (N.B.G.) remarked in 1837. 

C. Formerly on Morley Moor, now extinct, Whittaker, CD. 

Tl. Once at Osmaston Manor, Ashbourne, Smith MSS. In the Nutwood, 
Darley [by Derby], Pilkington. 

T2. Cornfields, Breadsall, not observed lately, WJiittaker, CD. 

T3. Stapenhill, Painter, J.B. Near Melbourne, Bloxam in Wats. N.B.G. 
" Mr. Bloxam's specimen, though a fragment and immature, is the true plant, 
since it shows the toothing of the sepals," Purchas, J.B. 

SPBCULARIA Heist. 

S. hybrida A,BC. Vcnm' Looking-glass. Campanula hijbrida L. 

Colonist. GE. Cornfields on sandy or dry soil. Local and rare. A. 
July-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. Dale, Basse, CD. 



206 CAMPANULACEiE. VACCINIE^. 

Tl. Fields east of the Knob, south of Hullaiid, just under 200 yards, probably 
the same locality as " HuUand " of Smitli MSS. 

T2. Breadsall, cornfields, common, Whittaker, Phyt, 

T3. Fields on Melbourne Common, Purchas, J.B. Field near Foremark 
Park Farm; Cauldwell, Gibbs. Between Repton Rocks and Repton Shrubs, 
Eb. Mason ! Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



VACCINIE/E. 

VACCINIUM L. 

V. Vitis-Ideea L. JThortkbrrri/. Red Whorts. 

Native. HS. Higher moorland on mountains. Abundant on most of the 
high moors. S. June-Aug. 

First record. Bay Gat., 1670. Vaccinia rubra Ger. Vitis Idcea semper virens, 
fructu rudro J.B. Upon boggy mountains and heaths in Darby. 

L. Diamond Hill, Buxton, Bogers, J.B. 

Gl. Corbar Hill, Bogers, J.B. Plentiful on Axe Edge, 400-550 yards, 
Baker, J.B. Glossop Moors, Painter, J.B. High Moor, near Hayfield, Bot. 
Guide. High moors beyond Mam Tor and Win Hill, from Castleton ; Combes 
Moss; Holme Moss, Watso7i's N.B.G. Ringing Low, Painter, Natt. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. S N., J.B. East Moor, Bot. Guide. Cromford 
Moor, Watson's N.B.G. Wirksworth, Painter, NatK Near Pox House Inn ; 
Froggatt ; Dethick Common. 

C. Totley Moss. 

V. Myrtillus L. Bilberry. B/ack-irorfs. 

Native. BH. Heaths, heathland. Locally common. S. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton ; Diamond Hill, Bogers. Usually avoids the limestone, but 
occurs with other relics of the old moorland vegetation on a part of Alsop 
Moor, near Newhaven, Purchas, J.B. 

Gl. Ascends to Peak of Axe Edge, over 550 yards. Baker, J.B. Near 
Glossop ; Edale ; near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Abundant on Tansley Moor and other gritstone ridges, B. S N., J.B. 
Moors west of Dore, Eb. Salt. Near Wirksworth, Gibbs. Littlemoor Wood, 
Dethick. 

C. Eckington, Gibbs. Breadsall Moor, Morley Moor, C.D. East of Totley; 
The Moss, Mosbrough. 

Tl. Shirley Wood, Smith MSS. Yeldersley Lane. 

T3. Outcrop of Millstone Grit, not far from the Ticknall Limeworkfe, 
Purchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 



VACCINIE^. ERICACEAE, 207 

SCHOLLERA Roth. 

S. OxyCOCCOS Roth. Cranberry. Vaccininiii oxycoccos L. 

Native. BI. Moorland bogs. Local. S. June-Aug. 

First record, Martyn, Phil. Trans., XXXVI., 1729. Oxycoccos sen Vaccinia 
l)alustris J.B. 

Gl. Corbar Hill, Buxton, Bogers. Axe Edge ; Combes Moss, 500 yards. 
West, J.B. Burbage Edge ; Reeve Edge, CD. High Moor, near Hayfield, Bot. 
Guide. Charlesworth ; Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. Stanage Edge. 

G2. Tansley Moor, Milnes, CD. Bogs near Ringinglow, The Naturalist. 
Salter Sich, near the Peacock Inn ; under Raven Tor, Beeley ; under White 
Edge, near Froggatt ; Hall Dale, near Rowlsey ; Dethick Common. 



ERICACE/E. 

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS Adans. 

A. Uva-ursi Spreng. Bearhcrry. 

Native. H. High moorland. Very rare. S. May-June. 

First found, Salt, 1799; first record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

Gl. Stenior Clough, near the source of the Derwent; also on Kinderscout, 
Ward and Wliitehead B.L. Bee, 1876, 181, spn. ! Near Cock's Bridge, 
Kinderscout, Painter, J .B. Moors near Glossop, Wood, Phyt., 1842. 

G2. Rocks over the Burbage, East Moor, Glover. Fox House, on the moors, 
Watson's N.B.G. High Moor, near the seventh milestone to the left of the road 
leading from Sheffield to Grindleford Bridge, Hh. Salt. The last two localities 
must be very near to each other. 

ANDROMEDA I. 
A. polifolia -£. 

Native. IS. Sphaguous bogs, boggy moorland. Rare. S. May- July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Axe Edge, a broad-leaved variety. Garner. Combes Moss, Watso)i's 
N.B.G. Var. curta Tate, from same locality, described and commented on in J.B., 
1866, 377 and 1869, 140. Goyt's Moss. 

CALLUNA San,h. 

C. Erica I>C. Heather. Liny. Calluna ridyaris Salisb. 

Native. B. Heaths, moors, banks. Locally common. S. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Longstone Edge ; fields near Sheldon ; sparingly in Deep Dale, 
Kingsterndale. 

Gl. Moors, near Buxton ; Axe Edge, Bogers. Abundant on the moorland ; 
lip to over 550 yards. Baker, J.B. Edale. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe d- Whittaker. Between Tibshelf and Hucknall 



208 ERICACEAE. 

Tl. Burnaston, Bindley. Shirley Wood; Near Bradley Park Farm; 
Yeldersley Lane; iiear Spread Eagle Inn, west of Findern ; between Mercaston 
and Cross o' th' Hands. 

T3. Eeptou Rocks, Gihhs. Still lingers about Linton and Newhall, NM. 

Tilth. 

Var. incana auct. 

G2. Chatsworth. 
Tl. Hulland Moss. 

ERICA L. 

B. Tetralix L. Cross-leaved Heath. 

Native. B. Heaths, moors. Locally plentiful. S. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General on moorland, mostly at high levels. "Ascends to Peak of Axe 
Edge, over 550 yards," Baker, J.B. The white-flowered form occurs by the 
Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

B. Cinerea L- Fine- leaved Heath. 

Native. B. Heaths, waysides. Frequent and locally abundant. S. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Martyn, Phil. Trans., XXXVI., 1729. Erica hinnilis ; cortice 
cinereo Arhuti flore alho. 

L. About Matlock, B. cli N., J.B. Longstone Edge. 

Gl. Heaths about Buxton up to 350 yards, Rogers. Coombs Rock, 
Charlsworth, Whitehead, CD. Goyt's Clough ; Ringing Low, Painter, CD. <£■ 
NatK Moors above Glossop, and about the Snake Inn; Rushup Edge. 

G2. Abney Clough ; Burbage Brook. 

C. Heaths about Walton, near Chesterfield, Waterfall. Breadsall Moor, 
Creive >£ Whittaker. Barlow Lees; Totley Moss. 

Tl. Shirley Wood, Smith, CD. 

T3. Repton Rooks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

PYROLA L. 
[P. rotundifolia L. 

Native ? or error ? SG. GZoi;e?-, 1829. 
Gl. Woodlands, Ktiowlton in Glover. 

G2. Ladywash Mine, Eyam, Gem of the Peak. Very possibly this may be 
P. minor, which was frequently misnamed rotundifolia by early collectors.] 

P. minor L. Wmter Green, 

Native. SB. ' Heaths, woods. Very rare. P. June-July. 

First record. Painter, J.B., 1889, 179. 

L. Near Miller's Dale, discovered by Mr. J. C. Wilson, Painter, J.B. 



MONOTROPKiE. PRIMULACE.E. 209 

MONOTROPE/C. 

HYPO PIT YS Scop. 

H. MonOtropa Crantz. Yellow Bird's-nest. Monotropa hypopithijn L. 

Native. GE. Beech woods. Very rare. P. June- July. 

First found, Salt, 1809 ; first record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Heights of Abraham, Matlock Bath, Smith MSS. Woods near Matlock, 
Stevens. 

G2. Near Ashover, 1872, Smith MSS. Woods at the Black Eocks, Cromford, 
Crewe & Whittaker. 



PRIMULACE/E. 

HOTTONIA X. 

H. palustris -£• JFatcr Violet. 

Native. E. Ponds, slow streams, ditches. Local. P. May- June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Morley Moor, Crewe <£■ Whittaker. 

T2. Old bed of R. Derwent, Osmaston-by-Derby, CD. Breadsall, common, 
Crewe d- Whittaker. Pond on south side of railway between Derby and Spondon ; 
near the canal, Sandiacre ; Trent Lock ; ditch west of Sawley. 

T3. Ponds by Swarkeston Bridge, Watson's N.B.G. Eggintou, Painter, 
J.B. Old Trent, Repton, Linton. 

PRIMULA L. 

P. acaulis J^. Primrose. P. vulgaris Huds. 

Native. B. Fields, woods, hedgebanks. Common. P. March-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General, though most abundant on clay or limestone. "Limestone cliffs 
up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. caulescens (Koch). 

L, Dovedale, Smith MSS. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Painter, J.B. {intermedia). 

Tl. Between Shirley and Longford. 

T3. Occurs from time to time about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton Shrubs, 
Nowers. 

P. acaulis x veris. P. elatior auct. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. Oxlip. 
L. Matlock, Stevens. Dovedale, Smith MSS. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Nowers. Between Rowsley and Bakewell, Drabble. 
P 



210 PRIMULACE^. 

Tl. Peathays, Shirley; copse east of Alkmonton. Near Rough Heanor 
Houses, Mickleover, Pilkington. 

T2. Between Ockbrook and Dale Abbey, Smith MSS. Near Breadsall, 
Wliittaher in Hb. Syme. 

T3. Osier-bed between Rej^ton and Bretby, Wild Fl. Bept. Repton 
Shrubs, Eept. F. rf- F. Calke, Bloxam. 

P. veris L. Cowslip. P. officinalis Scop. 

Native. BE. Pastures, woods, waysides. Common. P. April-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789, 

Generally distributed, " Ascends up to 400 yards at Wormhill," West, J.B. 

LYSIMACHIA X. 

L. vulgaris -^. Yellow Loosestrife. 

Native. EB. River banks, wet places. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

C. Formerly at Morley Moor, Whittaker, Phyt. <(■ CD. 

Tl. Markeaton Woods, Glover. 

T2. Railway cuttings and banks of R. Derwent [near Breadsall], Crewe S 
WJiittaker. 

*L. punctata X. Alien. 

G2. Brookside below Beeley, near the Derwent. 

L. Nummularia -£■ 3Ioney-wort. Creeping Jenny. 

Native. E. Damp sides of ponds atid ditches, meadows, woods. Local. P. 
June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Chapel Reservoir. 

G2. Ditch by the Derwent above Allestree Ford. 

C. Walton, Drabble. Near the Ball Inn, Renishaw, Painter, Nat^. Loscoe ; 
pond west side of Barlborough ; Alfreton ; Ault Hucknall. 

P. Bramley Vale, Glapwell. 

Tl. Findern, Painter, NatK Ponds between the railway and R. Dove, 
Mar ston-on- Dove ; Scropton, by the railway ; Sudbury, 

T2. Near Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Lane near 
Thrumpton Ferry ; Sawley ; ditch banks about Long Eaton, abundant. 

T3. About the pond at Calke, Purchas, .T.B. Repton Shrubs, Gihbs. 
Swarkeston; near Burton-on-Trent ; Knowl Hills, Painter, J.B. ((■ NatK 
Repton, M^ild Fl. Bept. Drakelow, 

L. nemorum X- IVood Pinipemel. 

Native. B. Woodland, damp shady places. Frequent. P. May-Sept, 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Damp woods, Matlock, B. <(■ N., J.B. Sparingly in the upper part of the 
Dove Valley, Purchas, J.B. Bradwell, Painter, NatK Great Shacklow Wood. 



PRIMULACE^. 211 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers. Up to 1150 ft. in Torside Clongh, near 
Crowden ; Tarden, near Mellor ; Edale ; Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford ; near 
Eyam. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Painter, Naft. Abney Clough ; Burbage Brook ; 
Froggatt ; Hay Wood, Grindleford. 

C. About Eenishaw, Waterfall. Between Norton and Heeley, T7ie 
Naturalist. Wood east of Smalley ; Brierly Wood, Unstone ; Barlow Brook ; 
woods north east of Coal Aston; Salter Wood, near Ripley; Newton Wood; Ault 
Hucknall. Coxbench Wood, Pilkington. 

P. Langwith Wood ; Whitwell Wood. 

Tl. Shirley; by Cubley Brook. Nursery by Mr. Eames, Mackworth, 
Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Creive ((: Whittaker. Dale Abbey Woods, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Near Calke Mill, Purehas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Rep- 
ton Shrubs, Wild Fl. Bept. Repton, Bindley. 

ANAGALLIS i. 

A. arvensis L. Pimpernel. 

Native. BE. Arable land, waysides. Common. A. May-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Hill above Miller's Dale Railway Station, over 350 
yards," Rogers, J.B. 

Var. pallida Hook. Man. 

Occurs occasionally with the type, usually in much less quantity. 
Tl. Sandy fields between Shirley and Shirley Brook. 

A. COerulea Schrcb. Blue Pi)np('rnel. 

Native or Colonist ? BE. Arable land, roadsides. Very rare. A. 
June-Sept. 

First record. Smith MSS., 1871-81. 

C. By roadside between Denby Common and Loscoe, a mauve coloured 
form which turned bright blue as it dried. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

A. tenella ^- Sog Pimpernel. 

Native. B. Bogs, marshes by pools. Rare and local. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Lysimachia tenelia [tenella.'] Purp)le Money- 
wort or Loosestrife . 

Gl. Near Bradwell, Painter, NatK Hollinworth Clough, about 350 yards, 
close to the stream. 

G2. Bechagg Wood, Froggatt ; Umberly Brook, near Chatsworth, 250-300 
yards ; Bentley Brook, Matlock ; Redcar Brook, above Dore. 

C. Bog at Holymoorside, Drabble. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Pool near the Walls, Whitwell. Pleasley, Pilkington. 



212 PBIMULACE^. OLEACEJE. 

Tl. Hulland Moss, Whittaker, CD. Quarudou Common, Glover. By the 
brook, near Shirley Wood, Miss Wright. Normanton, Pilkington. 

T3. Bank between Calke and Melbourne, a remnant of the old vegetation of 
Melbourne Common ; foiind also by Bloxam in the bog at Foremark Park, 
Purchas, J.B. Eepton Rocks, Wild Fl. BejJt. 

SAMOLUS L. 
S. Valerandi X. Brookweed. 

Native. EB. Marshy margins of streams and ditches. Very rare. P. 
July-Sept. 

First record, Stevens, 1864. Top. Bot., "Bloxam MS." 

G2. Stream on Tansley Moor, Stevens. 

T3. " Ponds by Swarkeston Bridge " Bloxam ! Not since found, so far as 
I know, Purchas, J.B. 



OLEACE/E. 

FRAXINUS L. 

F. excelsior L. Ash Tree. 

Native, B. Hedges, woods. Common, T. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Common in every district. " Truly wild up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. heterophylla Vahl. Var. diversifolia Ait. 

L. High Tor, Matlock, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

LIGUSTRUM L. 

L. vulgare J^- Privet. 

Native and often planted. E, Hedges, woods, bushy places. Fi-equent, 
especially on limestone. S. Jime-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Native in Monk's Dale, at 350 yards. West, J.B. Monsal Dale ; 
Miller's Dale, 200-250 yards, Baker, J.B. Ashford Dale, Painter, J.B. Matlock 
Tor; hillside east of Bonsall, truly wild, B. A N., J.B. Rocky limestone slopes 
of the Dove "Valley, 600-1000 ft., Purchas, J.B. Buxton, Buxton Guide. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith ; Etherow district, 

G2. Canal banks, Cromford, Bailey, CD. Between Duffield and Darley, 
Gishorne. Pilsley, near Hassop, 

C. Near Dale Abbey, ilrtsse, C7.£>. Woods near Beauchief Abbey ; Beighton; 
New Stanton. Pinxton, Pilkington. 



APOCYNACE.E. GENTIANE^. 213 

P. Hedgebanks at Cresswell, Waterfall, CD. Steetly, Painter, Natt. 
Elmton ; Palterton ; Pleasley. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, J.B. Radbourn ; Markeaton ; Allestree; Shirley; 
Burnaston ; Lower Thurvaston. 

T2. Neai- Ti'ent Station ; Sandiacre. 

T3. Calke, planted, Purchas, J.B. Biirtcn-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton 
towards Willington, Wild Fl. Bept. Egginton Common. 



APOCYNACEyC. 

VINCA i. 

*V. major -t- Periwinkle. 

Alien. Banks, waste bushy ground. Rare. P. April-June. 

First record, Pilkingtoti, 1789. 

L. Naturalised at Willersley, Crewe & Whittaker. 

G3. Idridgehay, Gihbs. 

C. Pleasley Park, Pilkington. 

T3. Naturalised at Walton, H. N. Tilth. 

V. minor L. Lesser Periwinkle. 

Denizen. E. Hedgebanks, thickets, wood borders. Local. P. April-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Rowland, CD. 

G2. Near Lee Bridge, Cromford, Creive d- Whittaker. 

Tl. Bradley; between Norbury and Cubley, Smith MSS. Shirley Wood, 
Applehy. Radbourn, Painter, Nat^. Ashbourne, Garner. 

T2. In a hedge within the Roman Station at Little Chester, Pilkington. 

T3. Plantation by the roadside at Calke ; well established, though no doubt 
originally introduced, Pitrchas, J.B. Walton, N. H. Tutb. 



GENTIANE/t. 

BLACKSTONIA Ends. 

B. perfoliata Huds. YcUow Centaury. Chlora perfoliata L. 

Native. E. Dry marly banks. Very rare. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. 

P. Near Clowne, Waterfall. Railway between Rowthorne and Ault 
Hucknall ; Pleasley Park ; Whitwell, Pilkington. 

ERYTHEMA Benealm. 

E. Centaurium. Pers. Centaury. 

Native. B. Fields, heaths, banks. Locally abundant. A. Jiine-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. Gentiana centaurium. 



214 GENTIANEiE. 

L. Matlock Bath; Brasssington, Bowland, CD. Hope, Hb. Mason! Dove- 
dale, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. Hague Bar, near New Mills. 

G2. By Bar Brook, above Baslow, circa 800 ft. 

C. Whirlow Bridge, near Dore, The Naturalist. Barlborough Low Common; 
Wilday Green, near Barlow ; Fritchley ; Millthorpe. near Holmesfield ; between 
Tibshelf and Hucknall ; near Stubbing Court. S. Normanton, Pilkington, 

P. Bolsover; near Glapwell Station; Whitwell Wood; Scarcliffe Park 
Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. By Willington Junction, Bept. F. d F. 
Breward's Car, Mugginton ; Meynell Langley ; Bradley ; by Yeldersley Eough ; 
Cubley Common. 

T2. Breadsall, WhittaJcer, Phyt. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. Heath End, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. Repton 
Shrubs, Nowers. Bretby, Hagger, CD. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

GENTIANA L. 
[G. Pneumonanthe L. Top. Bot., 276. 

T3. Egginton Heath, Pilkington. Long extinct.] 

G. Amarella L. Gentian. Fclwort. 

Native. BE. Dry pastures, abundant on the limestone. Local. A. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Diamond Hill, Rogers. Wormhill, West, J.B. Heights of Abraham, 
Matlock Bath ; Dovedale, B. lO N., J.B. Dean Hollow, near Cromford, Gibbs. 
Near Ripley Tollbar, Purchas. Hartington, Bindley. Hassop Mines ; High 
Rake ; Longstone ; Bradwell ; Pin Dale, Peak Forest ; Great and Little Hucklow. 

Gl. Frequent up to 500 yards. Baker, J.B, Corbar Wood, Rogers. Allport 
Dale ; Martinside ; Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs, Crich, Painter, J.B. Near Fox House Inn, 
towards Dore ; Eyam Moor ; Hay Wood, Grindleford Bridge ; near Robin Hood's 
Inn, Baslow. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Bolsover ; Elmton ; Cresswell Crags ; Houghton ; Whitebrick Moor, and 
Whitwell Wood. 

Tl. Slopes on the east of the pools, Osmaston-by-Ashboixrne ; limepits, 
Snelston Common. 

T2. High Pastures, Breadsall, Glover. 

G. uliginosa Willd. 

Native. SH. Dry slopes and pastures. Rare. A. June-July. 
First record, J.B., 1899, 386. 
L. Miller's Dale. 



GENTIANE^. POLEMONIACE^. 215 

G. campestris L. Field Gentian. 

Native. BS. Mountaiu pastures. Local. A. Aug-Oct. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Topley Pike ; Taddington, Green, CD. Via Gellia, Milnes, CD. Monsal 
Dale, Miss Fenton. Eyam, Drabble. 

Gl. Frequent up to 500 yards, Baker, J.B. Corbar Hill, Buxton, Rogers. 
Axe Edge, often single-flowered. Garner. Chinley Hill, Bot. Guide. Charles- 
worth ; near Glossop, Fl. Ashton. Near Goyt's Bridge; Poor Man's Piece, 
Slackhall. 

G2. Eyam Moor. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, rare. Smith MSS. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d Wliittaker. 

T3. Field above Repton Shrubs, Rejit. F. r(- F. 

MENYANTHES L, 

M. trifoliata L. Boyhean. Buckhean. 

Native. B. Bogs, marshes. Locally abundant. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Marsh Trefoil. 

L. Pool near the New Church, Buxton, Jewitt. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton. Bamford Moor. 

G2. Tansley Common, Crewe & Whittaker. Ramsley Moor, and by Bar 
Brook, Baslovv. 

C. South Normanton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Pools above Wyaston Brook, towards Eodsley, Smith MSS. Boggy 
ground south of Old Covert, Mugginton, Feilden. Shirley Park, Glover ; now 
extinct, but in several places in Shirley, James. In a pit by the foot-road 
betwixt Mackworth and Kedleston, Pilkington. 

T3. Bog near Foremark Park, very small and weakly, Purchas, J.B. 
Repton Eocks, Gibbs. Newhall, N.H. Tutb. 



POLEMONIACE/E. 

POLBMONIUM L. 

P. COeruleuni L. Jacobs Ladder. Greek Valerian. 

Native. I. Rocky limestone slopes, streamsides, copses. Local. P. June- 
July. 

First record, Withering, 1787. 

L. Flagg Dale ; Chee Dale, 300 yards. West, J.B. Ashwood Dale ; Chrome 
Hill ; Youlgreave ; Ashford Dale ; Hogshaw Lane, Buxton, Painter, J.B. ih Nat^. 
In several parts of the Dove Valley, though not in Dovedale proper, Purchas, 
J.B. Lathkil Dale ; near Matlock High Tor ; near Bradbourn Mill, Smith 
MSS. Near Haddon Hall, Watson's N.B.G. Monsal Dale, Gibbs. The Win- 
natts, Castleton; Fern Dale, Monyash ; by the stream under Topley Pike, 
white flowered. By the side of the turnpike road in Bakewell Meadows, 
Pilki7igtoyi. 



216 POLEMONIACE^. BORAGINE^. 

C. Alfreton Brook, Pilhington. 
Tl. Cutler Brook, Kedleston, white flowered. 

T2. Breadsall, probably an escape, Crewe d: Wliittaker. Below Derbj', a 
garden escape, CD. 

T3. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. 



BORAGINE/€. 

CYNOGLOSSUM L. 

C. officinale L. Hound'' s-tongue. 

Native. EB. Woods, dry banks, dry waste ground, on limestone. Rare 
B. or P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Bradford Dale, Painter, J.B. Dovedale, Garner. Buxton, Buxton 
Guide, Matlock, but not very common, Pilhington. Cressbrook Dale, 

G2. Ashover, Pilkington. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Cresswell Crags. 

T3. Calke, but sparingly, Purchas, J.B. i 

SYMPHYTUM l. 

S. officinale /-. Comfrn/. 

Native. EB. Streamsides, ditches, moist hedgesides. Frequent. P. May- 
Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton, 350 yards, Rogers. Bakewell, West, J.B. Via Gellia, B. & N., 
J.B. Matlock Bath, Rowland, CD. Bradwell, Painter, Nat^. 

G2. Canalside at Whatstandwell, B. d- N., J.B. Ambergate, Gihhs. 
Beeley ; near the Derwent above Allestree. 

C. Barlow. Wingerworth, Pilkington. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Cubley; Barton Blount; Etwall ; Dalebrook, 
Sudbury. Mackworth, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe <(• Wliittaker. 

T8. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Ingleby, Hasse, CD. Newton Solney, 
Painter, J.B. Bretby, Oibbs. The yuriety patens Sibth. occurs not unfrequently 
with the type ; noted by Pilkington about Derby and Duffield. 

*S. peregrinum Lcdrb. S. n.^prrriniuiu, Bab. Fl. Bathon. 

Alien. B.E.C Bep., 1876, 29. 

L. Between Grange Mill and Lilies Inn at the head of the Via Gellia, 
now greatly diminished in quantity ; another station by R. Bradford, Youl- 
greave, Pzirchas, J.B. See also B.E.C Bep. 1878 ; J.B. 1879, 85 ; 1880, 57 ; 
B.L. Bee. 1880, 163. 



BORAGINE^. 217 

*BoragO officinalis L. Borage. 
Alien. Glover, 1829. 
C. Near Duckmanton, Waterfall. 
Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 
T2. Straggler from gardens, Elvaston, Hasse, CD. 

*Anchusa sempervirens i. 

Alien. E. 

L. Haddon, Nowers. 
Tl. Etwall, Bindleij. 

LYCOPSIS L. 
L. arvensis L. Bugioss. 

Colonist. B. Arable land, waysides. Local. A. or B. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe & WJiittaker. About Dale Abbey, Hasse, CD. 

Tl. Meynell Langley ; Breward's Car, Mugginton. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Between Milton and Eepton Eocks, Wild Fl. Rept. 

*Pulmonaria officinalis L. Lungu-ort. 

Alien. 

Gl. In a wood on the left bank of R. Goyt between Compstall Bridge and 
Marple Aqueduct, Buxton's B.G. 

G2. By the roadside between Duffield and Kedleston, Whittalcer, Phyt. 

MYOSOTIS L. 

M. CSespitosa F. Scltidtz. JI. Itngulata Lehm. 

Native. PJ. Marshy jjlaces, ditches, damp banks. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 

L, About Buxton ; Miller's Dale, CD. Ashford, Pander, J.B. Via Gellia, 
B. <£• N., J.B. Near Bakewell, Purchas. Near Carsington ; Scow Brook, near 
Hognaston. 

Gl. Swamps of Axe Edge, up to 500 yards, Baker, J.B. Chapel Reservoir ; 
Tarden, near Mellor ; Hope. 

G2. Ambergate. 

C. Dale ; New Stanton ; Beauchief Abbey ; Mapperley ; Loscoe ; Ault 
Hucknall. 

P. Bramley Vale, Glapwell ; Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Shirley; Brailsford Brook; Cubley Common; Dalebrook, Sudbury; 
Foston ; Hatton ; Marston-on-Dove ; by the Derwent, east of Allestree Park. 

T2. Breadsall, H hittaker, Phyt. Sandiacre ; Sawley, and marsh by Sawley 
Junction. 

T3. Aboiit Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent ; Willington ; Swarkeston 
Bridge, Painter, J.B. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. 



218 



BORAGINE^, 



M. palustris Relh. Forget-me-not. 

Native. BE. Streams, ditches, pools, wet places. Frequent. P. May-Aug. 

First record, PilMiigton, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley up to Miller's Dale, 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Matlock, 
B. (i N., J.B. Near Buxton, Buxton Guide. Via Gellia ; Bradwell, Painter, Natt. 
Absent from the valley of the Dove proper, but seen near Fenny Bentley, 
Purchas, J.B. 

G2. Canal between Ambergate and Whatstandwell, Bailey, CD. Hather- 
sage, Painter, Natt. 

C. Canal banks, Renishaw, Waterfall. Beauchief, The Naturalist. 
Hardwick. 

P. Cresswell, The Naturalist. Markland Grips. 

Tl. Findern; Derby, Painter, NatK d- CD. R. Dove below Tutbury 
Station and Sudbury. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Thrumpton Ferry ; Sawley ; Long ' 
Eaton ; Sandiacre. 

T3. Galke, Bloxam; "not seen," Purchas, J.B. Bretby Park; Repton 
Rocks, Gibbs. R. Trent, Burton, Hb. Mason .' Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

Var. strigulosa Mert & Koch. 

L. Abundant in the Wye Valley at Miller's Dale; Via Gellia, Sogers. 
G2. Cromford Canal, Bogers. Brook at Beeley. 
T2. Morley; Breadsall, Painter, J.B. d NatK 
T3. Canalside, Willington, Painter, Natt. 

M. repens G. Don. Creeping Forget-me-not. 

Native. BS. Streams, marshes, pools. Somewhat local. P. June-Aug. 

First record, B.L. Bee. for 1878, 1879. 

Gl. Axe Edge, West, J.B. Under Kinderscout, Bailey, B.L. Bee. 
Charlesworth Coombs ; Combes Moss, Painter, J.B. Torside Clough ; Derwent 
Moor ; near the Snake Inn ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. d N., J.B. Abney Clough ; Froggatt ; Hillcliff 
Lane, near Ireton Wood. 

C. Pool, east of Killamarsh ; pond below Barlborough Low Common. 

Tl. Meadow near Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Simt]t. MSS. Barton Blount ; 
Marston-on-Dove ; Shirley ; Hulland Moss ; Markeaton. 

T2. Between Chellaston and Swarkeston, Painter, NatK 

T3. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. Repton, Painter, NatK 

M. silvatica Hoffm. Wood Scorpion Grass. 

Native. EI. Hedges, woods, brookbanks. Frequent. B. or P. April-June. 

First records, Pilkington, 1789, M. scorpioides ; Mag. Nat. Hist., 1829-35, 
M. silvatica. 

L. Flagg Dale, 300 yards. West, J.B. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's Dale ; 
Cressbrook Dale; Via Gellia; Dovedale; Ashford Dale, Painter, J.B. d- NatK 
Alport, Gibbs. Fenny Bentley, Purchas, J.B. Woods opposite Matlock Bath, 
Mag. Nat. Hist. Bakewell ; Lathkil Dale ; Middleton Dale, The Naturalist. 



BORAGINE.E. 219 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Ashover, Bailey, CD. Wirksworth ; Cromford ; Rowsley, Gihhs. Near 
Baslow, Miss Armitage. Ecclesboum Brook. 

C. Ault Hucknall. 

P. Cresswell Crags, Waterfall, CD. Whitwell Wood, The Naturalist. 

Tl. Cubley, Smith MSS. Mackworth, Gibbs. Kedleston, Whittaker, Phyt. 
Mickleover ; Eadbourn ; near Muggiutou, Painter, NatK Shirley ; Longford ; 
Trusley ; Etwall, etc. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Burton, Hb. Mason ! 

M. arvensis Lam. Field Torcjet-me-not. 

Native. E, Arable land, waste ground, woods, banks. Very common. 
A. or B. April-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant nearly everywhere. " Common up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. umbrosa Bab. 

L. Wye Vallej', a little below Miller's Dale ; Via Gellia, Rogers. Chee 
Dale, CD. 

Tl. Westoii Underwood ; Edlaston Coppy. 

M. collina Hofm. 

Native. B. Dry banks, limestone rocks and slopes, walls. Locally ijlentiful. 
A. or B. April-June. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 

L. From 200-300 yards [Wye Valley], Baker, J.B. Matlock Bath; Miller's 
Dale ; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Wormhill, West, J.B. Blackwell Dale, Painter, 
Nati. The Winnatts, Castleton ; Beresford Dale, near Hartington. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe & Whittaker. Between Elvastoii and Ambaston, 
Hasse, CD. 

T3. Stanton-by-Bridge, N.H. Tiitb. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Anchor 
Church, Bept. F. d- F. Askew Hill, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

M. versicolor Reichb. 

Native. B. Meadows, banks, heaths, waste sandy ground. Local. A. or B. 
April-June. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Matlock, Stevens. 

G2. Burbage Brook, and above Padley Wood, by a small stream. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, JVatt. Meadow between Ednaston and Shirley ; 
fields, Yeldersley ; near Brailsford Church ; lane, Hilton Common. 

T2. Ockbrook, S7nith MSS. Breadsall, &c., Creive d; Whittaker. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Willington ; Drakelow, Painter, 
J.B. Askew Hill, and Parson's Hills, Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



220 BORAGINE^. CONVOLVULACE^. 

LITHOSPBRMUM L. 

L. OflBcinale L, GromweU. 

Native. BE. Woodland, hedgebanks, mostly ou limestone. Local. P. 
June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Cromford, Milnes CD., Via Gellia, Painter, J.B. Matlock, Pilkington. 

P. Markland Grips, Waterfall. Steetley, Painter, Natt. Scarcliffe Park 
Wood. 

T3. Calke, but sparingly, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow, N.H. Tutb. Stapen- 
hill, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Sept. 

L. arvense i. Com Gromivell. Bastard Alkanet. 

Native. B. Arable land. Local. A. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. 

Gl. Charlesworth, Fl. Ashton. 

C. Stanley ; West Hallam, Hasse, CD. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Allestree, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Glover. 

T3. Drakelow, Hh. Mason ! Breach Farm, near Cauldwell, N.H. Tutb. 
About Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

ECHIUM i. 

B. VUlgfare i. Viper's Bugloss. 

Native. BE. Fields and dry places on limestone and sand. Rather rare. 
B. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe <& Whittaker. Horsley Castle, Glover. 

P. Clowne, Drabble. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips. 

T2. Morley, Crewe d- Whittaker. Aston Spar Pits, Basse, CD. 

T3. Swarkeston Bridge {Bloxam), Purchas, J.B. , queries its being truly 
wild. Winshill ; Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Near Cauldwell, N.H. Tuth. 

""Atnsinckia lycopsoides Lehu. 

Casual. 

L. Roadside, Miller's Dale, Rogers ! 

Tl. Roadside, Hilton. 



CONVOLVULACE/E. 

VOLVULUS :^red>c. 

V. Sepium Jungcr. Great Bindweed. Cahjstegia sepium R. Br. CiDiroIndiis 

scpium L. 

Native. EB. Hedges, thickets. Common. P. Aug. -Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Frequent up to 400 yards at Burbage and Fair- 
field, Buxton ; ground round the house porches at Taddington, Baker," J.B. 



CONVOLVULACEiE. SOLANACE^. 221 

CONVOLVULUS L. 

C arvensis L, Small Bindweed. 

Native. EB. Hedges, arable land, waste ground. Common. P. July-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant throughout the County. " Hedgebank at Matlock Bank, 250 
yards. A narrow leaved variety," B. <(■ N. J.B. 

CUSCUTA L. 

[C. europsea L- Greater Dodder. 
Casual. EG. Glover, 1829.] 

[C. Epithymum L. Lesser Dodder. 

Native? E. On heath, gorse, &c. Very rare, A. June-Aug. Glover, 
1829 ; Bept. F. & F., 1881.] 

*C. Trifolii Bab. Clover Dodder. 

Colonist. E. On clover. Occasional with the crop. A. July-Sept, 
First record, Rept. F. & F., 1881. 

Tl. Cloverfields, Osmaston-by-Ashboui-ne, Smith MSS. Near the Hollies 
Farm, Yeldersley. 

T2. Cornfields between Ockbrook and Spondon, Smith MSS. 
T3. Cornfields, Bretby, Bept. F. d- F. 



SOLANACE/E. 

SOLANUM i. 

S. Dulcamara L, Bitter-suret. Woody Xightshade. 

Native. BE, Hedges, woods, ditch-sides. Common. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. " Miller's Dale, 250 yards," Baker, J.B. 

S. nigrum L- Black Nightshade. 

Colonist. E. Arable land, gardens. Rare. A. July-Sept, 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkijigton, 

Tl. Mickleover, Paiiiter, Natt. Derby, Pilkington. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

*Lycium barbarum D. Tea Plant. L. chinense Lam. 

Alien. 

L. Buxton, Barrotv. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; by Nether Langwith. Occurs in other parts of the 
County in and by villages, as an escape from gardens, as at Mickleover (Tl), 
Bijidley. 



222 SOLANACE.E. SCROPHULARINE.S:. 

ATROPA L. 

A. Belladona L- Deadly Xif/litshade. Bicayherrics. 

Native. E. Woods, quarries. Local and rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Withering, 1789. 

L. Haddon Hall, Purchas. Near Wirkswoi-th, Bowlancl, CD. 

C. Horsley Castle; near a pond at Hardwick, Pillcington. 

T3. Barewood Hill, Winshill, Hh. Mason I Kepton Hall, olim. Wild Fl. 
Brpt. 

*Datura Stramonium ^. T/wm Apple. 

Alien or casual. 
C. Pinxton, Pilkrngfon. 

Tl. Near Derby, Hb. Salt. Sometimes as garden weed at Sudbury, 
N.H. Tutb. 

T2. Breadsall, an escape ? Crewe d- Whittaker. Morley, Basse, CD. 
T3. Calke, Bloxam. Chapel yard, Repton, olim, Wild Fl. Eept. 

HYOSOYAMUS X. 

H. niger L- Henbane. Top. Bot. "Hewitt cat." 

Native. EB. Waste ground, roadsides. Rare. B. Juue-Aug. 

First record, PilJcington, 1789. 

L. Over Haddon, near Bakewell, Painter, J.B. Fenny Bentley, Bolton ! 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Darley, Derby, Glover. 

T2. Chellaston, Pilkington. 

T3. Near the Stables, Calke, Bloxam ; not seen lately, Purchas, J.B. 
Stapenhill, Painter, J.B. 



SCROPHULARINE/E. 

VBRBASCUM L. 

V. ThapsuS L. Great Midlein. Aaron''s Rod. Adain\i Flannel. 

Native. EB. Waste ground, quarries, roadsides, banks. Frequent. B. 
June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. High Taper. Cow's Lungwort. 

L. Cromford, Painter, J.B. Blackwell Dale, Green CD. Matlock, B. A N., 
J.B. Dovedale, CD. Via Gellia, Gibbs. Kirk Dale, Ashford; Fern Dale, 
Monyash ; Beresford Dale. Middleton Dale, Pilkington. 

G2. Quarry west of Whatstandwell ; Makeney, Pilkington. 

C. Dale Abbey, Glover. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Cresswell ; Steetley, Painter, Nat*. 
Scarcliffe Pai-k Wood. 



SCROPHULARTNE^. 223 

Tl. Osierbeds below Copse Hill, Osmaston-by-Ashbom-ne, Miss Sandford. 
Bradley Churchyard ; Lodge Farm, Shirley ; limepits, Snelston. 

T2. Morley, on railway banks, introduced, Wliitta'ker, CD. Breadsall, 
Basse CD. 

T3. Walls and roofs at Calke, rare, Purchas, J.B. Between Repton Park 
and Bretby, Wild Fl. Bept. Ticknall Quarry, Bept. F. rf- F. 

*V. Lychnitis i^. 

Alien. E. Glover, 1829. 

L. Haddon Hall, very possibly relic of cultivation, Hb. Mason ! 

V. nigrum X. Blnck Jfu/lrin. 

Native. E. Banks, fields, roadsides. Local. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkingfon, 1789. 

L. Alport, Painter, J.B. Abundant on broken ground near the stream. 

G2. Quarry on the hillside west of Whatstandwell ; perhaps a relic of 
cultivation, B. cf N., J.B. Stanton, Pilkington. 

V. nigrum x Thapsus. 

L. Alport Mill, near Youlgreave, Miss Armitage. 

G2. Quarry on the hillside west of Whatstandwell, B. d- N., J.B. 

[V. virgatum Stokes. 

Casual. AE. 

G2. Eowsley, Hb. W.B. Linton. 

T2. Chellaston, Painter, NatK] 

*V. Blattaria />• Moth Mullein. 

Denizen. E. Arable land, waysides. Rare. B. July-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Haddon, Glover. 

G2. Crich, Noivers. 

C. Hardwick, Drabble. 

Tl. Arable land, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 

[V, phlomoides i- 

Casual. 

L. Near Buxton, Ley, B.E.C Bepp., 1870 and 1872.] 

LINARIA Mill. 

*L. Cymbalaria Mill Iry-learcd Toadflax. 

Denizen. Walls. Frequent. P. April-Nov. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. Antirrhinum cymbalaria. 
L. Cromford ; Wirksworth, Gibbs. Walls at Ashford, Baker, J.B. Woi-m- 
hill, Miller's Dale, West, J.B. Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. R. Derwent up to Derwent Chapel, Trent, CM. Grindsbrook, Edale. 
G2. Walls near Overton Hall, Ashover, Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1881-2, 242. 
Hassop, Sb. Salt. Near Hathersage, Painter, Nat''. 



224 SCROPHULARINE.E. 

C. Old wall, Coxbench, Whittaker, Phyt. Nether Loads, Brampton; 
Cutthorpe. S. Normanton ; Wingerworth, Pilkington. 

P. Glapwell. Pleasley, Pilkington. 

Tl. Shirley Bridge, Smith, MSS. Brailsford ; Birch House Farm, Ednaston. 

T2. Eisley, Hasse, CD. Sawley, Trent, CM. Morley, Glover. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Calke, Bloxani. Anchor Church, Nowers. Stanton- 
by-Bridge, Painter, Nati. Repton, on cricketfield wall, Wild Fl. Sept. 

L. Elatina Mill. Top. Bot. 296, " Hewitt Cat." 

Native. E. Arable land. Local and rare. A. Julj'-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Antirrhinum elatine. SharjJ-jJointed 
Fluellin. 

C. Seen only once or twice at the Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall, CD. 
Fritchley ; Wingerworth. Pinxton ; Boozwood, near Holbrook, Pilkington. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

*L. repens Mill. 

Casual. E. 

T2. Near Hill Top, Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. 

L. vulgaris Mill. Yellow Toad-flax. 

Native. BE. Banks, fields, waste places. Freqiient. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Antirrhinum linaria. 

L. Up to 350 yards at Buxton, Bogers. Dry banks, Matlock, B. d- N., 
J.B. Bradwell Dale, Painter, Nat*. Upper part of Dove Valley only, 
Furchas, J.B. 

Gl. Railway bank, Bugsworth ; near Thoruhill, Ashopton. 

G2. "Wirksworth, Gibbs. Ambergate ; Hillcliff Lane, Idridgehay. 

C. Bank of R. Rother, near Renishaw, Waterfall. Beighton to Ecking- 
ton ; near Wingerworth, Gibbs. Kirk Hallam ; Dale ; Mapperley ; Denby ; 
Codnor. Pinxton, Pilkington, 

P. Scarcliffe ; Langwith ; Clowne ; Whitwell. 

Tl. Wyaston, Smith MSS. Frequent about Derby, CD. Mickleover ; 
Findern, Bindley. Windley ; Brailsford, in Slack Lane ; Egginton Station ; 
Foston. 

T2. Breadsall, Glover. Near Trent Station; Sawley. 

T3. Near Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Williugton Station, Wild 
Fl. Bejit. Egginton Common. 

Li, viscida Mwnch. L. minor Desf. 

Colonist. E, Arable land, railway banks. Becoming frequent. A. June- 
Sept. 

First found. Salt, 1801 ; first record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale; near Peak Forest Station, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. Waste ground, Bamford Station. 

G2. On ballast at Whatstandwell, B. ,t- N., J.B. Hockley Pit, Ashover, 
Smith MSS. Near the Ci-omfoi'd Canal, Rogers. Wirksworth Station, Gibbs. 



SCROPHULAEINE.E. 225 

C. On railway at Millhouses, The Naturalist. Cornfields between 
Sheffield and Norton, Hb. Salt. On ballast at Hartington Pits, near Staveley, 
Waterfall. Eailway between Chesterfield and Clowue, Painter, Natt. Tapton, 
Drabble. Dronfield and Dore Stations, abundant ; Wingerworth ; Sutton Station. 

P. Clowne ; Elmton ; Langwith Junction ; Pleasley ; Cresswell. 

Tl. Etwall Station, Gibbs. 

T2. Railway bank, north of Long Eaton. 

ANTIRRHINUM 1. 

*A. majUS L- Snapdraffon. 
Alien. Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Garden walls at Cromford, B. d- N., J.B. Eushall House, and Burton 
Abbey Wall, Matlock, Garner. 

A. Orontium L. Com Snapdragon. 

Colonist. E. Cultivated land. Rare. A. July-Se^Dt. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Crewe & Whittaker. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- Wliittaker. 

SCROPHULARIA L. 

S. aquatica L. Water Betony. S. oblongifoUa Loisel. S. Balbisii Hornem. 

Native. E, Streamsides, ditches, wet places. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye banks in Monsal Dale, 200 yards. Baker, J.B. Bakewell, West, J.B. 
Singularly absent from the valley of the Dove and its immediate surroundings; 
Via Gellia, Purchas, J.B. Carsington. 

G2. Up to 250 yards in Lumsdale, B. d N., J.B. By the Cromford Canal, 
Sogers. Hillcliff Lane, near Ireton Wood ; Ecclesbourn Brook. 

C. Common about Renishaw, Waterfall. Killamarsh, The Naturalist. 
Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Markland Grips, The Naturalist. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Common in watery places about Derby, CD. Markeaton; Shirley 
Marston-on-Dove ; Barton Blount. 

T2. Canalside near Spondon. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Tanyard Osierbed, Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 

Var. cinerea Dum. 

This is the usual form in Britain, and probably all recorded here under 
the aggregate aquatica would be found to belong to the variety. 

L. Via Gellia, Purchas. By R. Wye, Ashford ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; 
Scow Brook, near Hognaston. 

G2. Chatsworth ; banks of the Derwent, near Little Eaton. 

C. Sheepbridge ; Beighton ; canal near Mastin Moor ; New Stanton. 

Q 



226 SCROPHULARINE^. 

P. Langwith Wood ; Glapwell. 

Tl. Between Ashbourne and Clifton, Purchas. Mickleover; Eadbourn, 
Bindleij. Hoon, Hatton ; near the Dove, Sudbnry ; Hilton ; a plant with pale 
lemon-coloured flowers occurs in quantity in marsh by the railway below 
Findern. 

T2. Between Chellaston and Swarkeston, Painter, Natt. Near Trent 
Station ; Trentlock ; Sandiacre ; Sawley. 

T3. Eepton, Painter, Nat*. Drakelow ; brook above Egginton. 

S. umbrosa Dnm. S. Ehrharti Stev. 

Native. EI. Bushy streamsides. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 
First record, Phijt. N.S., 1858, 64. 
G2. Near Cromford Village, Phyt. 
T3. Burton-on-Trent, Hb. Mason ! 

S. nodosa L. Fu/irort. 

Native. B, Hedgebanks, woods, ditchsides. Common. P. July-Sept. 

First record, PilHngton, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 400 yards over Castleton," Baker, 
J.B. "Up to 300 yards over Matlock Bath," B. <(■ N., J.B. "A pale flowered 
variety with the type in the Via Gellia," Purchas, J.B. 

MIMULUS L. 

*M. luteus L- Monkey -floiver. 

Alien. Streamsides, wet places. Becoming frequent. P. July-Aug. 
First record, Bept. F. ,t F., 1881. 

L. Chee Dale, West, J.B. Breadsall, Painter, Nat^. Ashwood Dale. 
Gl. Stirrup wood; Mellor, Fl. Asliton. Hood Brook, above Hathersage. 
G2. By the Derwent, below Hathersage ; brook west side of Stanton Park. 
P. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Damp roadside near Ashbourne, Miss Armitage. Ditch near the 
railway, Clifton. 

T2. Morley Brook, naturalized, Whittaker, CD. Banks of the Derwent, 
between Breadsall and Darley, Crewe fC- Whittaker. 
T3. Knowl Hills, BejA. F. dj F. 

LIMOSBLLA Z. 

L. aquatica I'. Mndu-ort. Top. Bot. " Howitt sp." 

Native. GE. Margins of ponds, watery places. Eare and local. A, July- 
Sept. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 

C. Banks of Shipley Eeservoir, abundantly in 1835, Watso7i's N.B.G. 

Tl. The Pastures, Bradley, Purchas. 

T3. Willington ; Eepton Park, Hb. Mason. Marshy ground behind Fore- 
mark Hall, liejA. F. d- F. 



SCROPHULARINKiE. 227 

DIGITALIS L. 

D. purpurea L- Foxglove. 

Native. B. Bushy banks, heaths, woods, roadsides. Common except on 
limestone. B. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

"It marks with Pteris the upper boundary of the agrarian region," CD. 
" Up to 500 yards on Axe Edge," Bake?; J.B. " The hills of limestone and 
gritstone in this neighbourhood [Wirksworth] are of nearly the same altitude, 
and di]p into each other in a most singular manner .... Now the Digitalis 
grows so abundantly on the gritstone, from the summit of the hills to the 
bottom, that I have for years been in the habit of noticing that the different 
substrata may be determined by the presence or absence of this plant ; for I have 
never seen a single plant on limestone, even where it has grown abundantly, 
within a few hundred yards, upon the sandstone," W. Camhell in Loudon's Mag. 
Nat. Hist. Sep. 26, 1833. In the white flowered plant, which occurs here and 
there with the type, the albinoism extends to the leaf-bases and petioles, which 
are devoid of any reddish purple hue. 



VERONICA L. 

V- hedersefolia L. Ivy-kaved Speedwell. 

Native. B. Arable land, hedges, waste ground, gardens. Common. A. 
March-Aug. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. " As a garden weed at Cressbrook, about 
250 yards," Rogers, J.B. 

V. polita Fr. Grey Speedwell. 

Native. BE. Ciiltivated groimd. Common. A. Feb. -Oct. 

First record, Wliittaker, Plnjt. 1847. 

In all the districts ; upwards of 300 yards at Buxton. 

V. agrestis L. Green Speedwell. 

Native, B. Cultivated ground, waste places. Common. A. Feb.-Oct. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "A weed up to 250 yards" [Wye Valley], Baher, 
J.B. "Ascends to 300 yards" [Matlock], B. d N., J.B. 

V. Tournefortii C. Gmel. V. perslca Poir. V. BK.vbaionii Ten. 

Denizen or Colonist. E. Arable land, waysides. Common. A. Feb. -Nov. 

First record. Painter, J.B., 1881. 

Generally distributed, though scarcely plentiful in any district. Seen in 
several places up to 300 yards [Matlock], B. ((■ N., J.B. 



228 SCROPHULARINEiE. 

V. arvensis L. Wall Speedwell. 

Native. B. Fields, waste ground, waysides, banks. Common. A. May- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General and abmidant through the County. " Frequent up to 400 yards 
over Castleton," Baker, J.B. 

v. serpyllifolia L. 

Native. B. Pastures, arable land, waysides. Common. P. April-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
" Up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 

V. officinalis i. Speedwell. 

Native. B. Woods, banks, heathland, waysides. Frequent. P. May-Aug, 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton; Monsal Dale, liogers. Matlock, Stevens. Great Eocks Dale. 

Gl. Axe Edge, near 500 yards. Painter, J.B. Hood Brook, Hathersage ; 
Hague Bar, New Mills. 

G2. Chatsworth; Kelstedge ; Ambergate. 

C. About Eenishaw, Waterfall. Westthorpe ; east of Totley ; Linacre 
Wood, Brampton ; Wingerworth ; between Tibshelf and Hucknall. Pinxton, 
Pilkington. 

P. Langwith wood. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Eadbourn, Painter, NatK Dalebrook, Sudbury ; Shirley. 
Kedleston Park; Derby, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, etc., Crewe <i; Whittaker. Morley, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Dry hedgebanks on the Melbourne Road, Purchas, J.B. Near 
Burton-on-Trent ; Knowl Hills, Painter, J.B, d- NatK Near Repton Shrubs, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 

V. Chamaedrys L. Germander Speedwell. 

Native. B. Roadsides, hedgebanks. Common. P. April-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. " A form noted with distinctly 
petioled upper leaves by the Derwent, below Matlock Tor," B. A N., J.B. 

V. montana L. Mountain Speedwell, 

Native. BE. Woods, shady places by streams. Local. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Chee Tor woods, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Via Gellia, B. <(■ N., J.Bt 
Base of High Tor, Carr. Miller's Dale, CD. Haddon Hall, Rogers. Dovedale, 
Purchas. Near the cold springs, Buxton, Jewitt, 

C. Cobnar Wood, Sheepbridge ; Hardwick Wood, near Wingerworth, The 
Naturalist <C- Gibhs. Dale, Basse, CD. Near Nether Loads, Brampton; 
Walton Wood. 



SCROPHULARINE^. 229 

TI. Kirk Langley, Painter, Natt. Woods about Snelston Hall ; copse by 
Shirley brickyard ; by Brook Farm, Cubley. Nutwood, Darley, near Derby, 
Pilkington. 

T2. Copses N.W. of Hopwell Hall, Smith MSS. Bartlewood; Breadsall; 
Basse, CD. Dale Abbey Woods ; Morley, Painter, J.B. £ CD. 

T3. Burton, Hb. Mason ! Calke, Bloxam. Repton Shrubs, Painter, J.B. 

V. SCUtellata L. Marsh Speedicdl. 

Native. B, Marshes, moist heathland, ditches. Local. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Chee Dale. 

GI. Axe Edge, West, J.B. Near the S.W. corner of the Eeservoir. Chapel- 
en-le-Frith, Barker. Combes Moss, Painter, J.B. Near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

C. Morley Moor, Crewe d- Whittaker. Bog at Holymoorside, Drabble. 
Great Pond, Wingerworth ; Sutton Scarsdale ; Ault Hucknall. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips. 

TI. Between Wyaston and Osmaston Brook, Miss Sandford. Near Derby, and 
in ditches on the Ashbourne Road, and Allestree, Glover. Near R. Dove, Clifton. 

T2. Marsh at Sawley Junction. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Near Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Egginton Heath, 
Pilkington. 

V. Anagallis-aquatica L. Water Specda-ell. V. Anagallis L. 

Native. B. Ditches, ponds, streams. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley, 350 yards. Baker, J.B. R. Dove ; Cromford Dale, B. <(: N., 
J.B. Via Gellia, Gibbs. Matlock, Stevens. Chee Dale, Waterfall. Ashwood 
Dale, Jewitt. Haddon, Bindley. 

G2. By the Derwent above Allestree ; below Bubnell Cliff, Baslow. 

C. S. Normanton, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell, Painter, Natt. 

TI. Longford, towards Boylestone ; Barton Fields ; near the Dove, Sudbury. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

Var. anagalUformis Bor. 

L. Watercourse near the Pig of Lead, Cromford, Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 
181. Brough; Ashford; Middleton Dale; Chee Tor; Brightgate, Matlock. 

P. Near Nether Langwith. 

TI. Foston, near Norbury. 

T2. Saudiacre ; Long Eaton ; Sawley. 

T3. By the Dove, Egginton. 

V. Beccabunga J^- BrookUme. 

Native. B. Ditches, streams, ponds. Common. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Common in swamps. " Up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 



230 SCROPHULARINEiE. 

EUPHRASIA L. 

B. officinalis L. Eye-h-ight. 

Native. B. Heathland, pastures, roadsides. Frequent and rather local. 
A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

Locally abundant. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. strict a Host. 

G2. Old limestone quarry, Fallgate, Ashover. 
Tl. Roadside between Rodsley and Yeaveley. 

stricta X ? Rostkoviana. E. hybrida Wettst. 
Tl. Edlastou Coppy. 

Var. brevipila Burnat & Gremli. 

L. The Winnatts, Castleton ; at Wardlow ; Chee Dale. 

Gl. Combes Moss ; near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Near the large pond, Chatsworth ; Bar Brook, above Baslow. 

Var. neniorosa H. Mart. 

L. Matlock (H. ,i- J. Groves, 1881), and near Buxton (1884), J.B., 1897. 
Bradwell. 

G2. Ambergate ; Fallgate, Ashover, and above WooUey. 

C. Near Millthorpe; Barlborough. 

P Markland Grips ; Scarcliffe Park ; near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. By Yeldersley Rough, near Ashbourne, B.E.C. Bep., 1889, 279. 

nemorosa x Eostkoviana. E. glanduligera Wettst. 
L. Buxton, Townsend, J.B., 1897. 
Tl. Edlaston Coppy. 

Var. eurta Fr. E.E.C. Rep. for 1900, 1901. 

L. Back Dale, near Hindlow, the v. glahrescens Wetts., B.E.C. Bep., 1902. 

Gl. Poor Piece, Slackhall, near Chapel-en-le-Frith ; roadside near Lady- 
bower Inn, Ashopton. 

C. Near the Peacock Inn, 1,100 ft. 

Tl. Between Osmaston and Ladj'hole, near Ashbourne, the v. glahrescens. 
B.E.C. Bep., 1902. 

Var. gracilis Fr. 

L. Buxton, Hb. Mason ! Taddington, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

Var. Eostkoviana Hayne. 

L. Buxton, Townsend (1884), J.B., 1897. Side of field near Wardlow Hay 
Cop, Melvill in B.E.C. Bep. for 1898. 

G2. Near the large pond in Chatsworth Park. 

P. Near The Walls, Whitwell, and Whitwell Wood ; near Upper Langwith. 

Var. campcstris Jord. 

L. Buxton, Townsend, J.B., 1897. 



SCROPHULARINEiE, 231 

Var. Eerneri Wettst. 

L. Near Matlock, H. £ J. Groves (1881), J.B., 1897. Dirty Bake, near 
Longstone Edge. 

BARTSIA L. 

B. Odontites Huds. Red Eye-bright. Red Rattle. Odontitefi rubra P. 

Euphrasia Odontites L. 

Native. B. Arable land, waysides, waste ground. Frequent. A. June- 
Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley, up to 250 yards at Chee Tor, Baker, J.B. Dovedale ; 
Matlock, B. <t- N., J.B. Bradwell ; Hope, Painter, Natt. Pin Dale ; Brough ; 
Dirty Bake, near Eyam ; near Great Hucklow. 

Gl. Near Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. Near Lose Hill. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Eogers. Wirksworth, Gihbs. Shatton ; 
Froggatt. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Holmesfield, Painter, Nat*. Coal Aston ; 
Loscoe; near Crowhole, Barlow; West Hallam. Pinxton, Pilkinpton. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Boylestone, Gihbs. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Kadbourn Lane, 
Gi'over. Grassy places about Derby, CD. Shirley ; Hoon, near Hatton ; 
Yeldersley. 

T2. Ockbrook, Painter, Nat*. Breadsall, Glover. Eisley Park. 

T3. Near White Lees, Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibhs. Brook 
End, Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. Between Milton and Eepton Rocks, Bept. F. & F. 
Egginton Common. 

Var. verna (Reichb). 

C. Hollins, near Old Brampton. 

Var. serotina (Reichb). 

L. Miller's Dale, Waterfall, Suppt. to Watson's B.E.C. Bep., 1899. 
G2. Fallgate, near Ashover. 
C. Cordwell, near Unthank. 

PEDICULARIS X. 

P. palustris L- Marsh Lomeuort. 

Native. B. Bogs, marshes. Local. A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Woodseats, near Castleton. 

G2. Tansley Moor, Stevens. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood ; near the Walls, Whitwell. Pleasley, Pilkington. 

Tl. Qiiarndon Common, Glover. Bog below Bradley Wood. Mackworth, 
Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Glover. 

T3. Bog at Foremark Park, Purchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 



232 SCROPHULARINE^. 

P. silvatica L. Henth Lousewort. 

Native. B. Heathland, pastures, waysides, woods. Frequent. A. May- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. Bradwell, Painter,' Natt. Thorpe, Boiuland, CD. 
Longstone Edge; Brightgate, near Matlock Bridge. 

Gl. Chinley; Combes Moss; near the Snake Inn; Allport Dale. 

G2. Dethick Moor ; Wigwell Park, Glbhs. Whatstandwell, Bindley, 
Shatton ; near Hathersage ; Froggatt. 

C. Fields between Norton and Eokington ; Dore Moor, The Naturalist. 
Near Renishaw, Waterfall. Brackenfield Green. Pinxton, Pillcington. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirley ; Longford ; Ciibley Common ; 
Radbourn ; marshes below Findern. 

T2. Ockbrook; Morley, CD. Breadsall, Glover. 

T3. Foremark, Sagger, CD. "Winshill, Nowers. Repton Rocks, Wild F 
Bept. 

RHINANTHUS i. 

R. Crista Galli J^- Yellow Rattle. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, waysides. Common. A. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant everywhere. " Common i;p to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. stenophylliis (Schur.). 

C. Near the Peacock Inn, Owler Bar. 

Tl. Brailsford to Mercaston; abundant in and about Shirley. 

MELAMPYRUM L. 

M. pratense L. Cow Wheat. 

Native. B. Heaths, bushy places, woodland. Local. A. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. M. sylvaticiDii. 

L. Matlock, Pilkington. 

Gl. Charlesworth, Fl. Ashton. Hayfield, Bindley. Near Goyt's Bridge ; 
Jagger's Clough ; near the Snake Inn, Ashoj)ton ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; 
Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford. 

G2. Tansley Moor, Stevens. Eyam Moor ; Fi-oggatt ; by the Derwent, 
below Mytham Bridge ; Bar Brook, above Baslow ; Redcar Brook, above 
Dore. 

C. Barlow Lees ; The Moss, Mosbrough ; between Troway and Norton ; 
east of Totley ; Nether Loads, Brampton ; Moor Lawn Copse, Holymoorside. 
Morley Moor, on the side nearest to Horsley Castle, Glover. 

Tl. Yeldersley Lane ; Shirley Park. 

T2. Morley, Painter, Nat*. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Wood near Repton Rocks, Bept. F. d- F. 



SCROPHULARINE.E. OROBANCHACE^. 233 

Var. ericetorum D. Oliver. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton. 

Var, montamim Johnst. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe <0 WJiittaker. Moors above Holymoorside, 
Drabble, 



OROBANCHACE/E. 

OROBANCHE L. 

O- major L. Greater Broom-rape. 0. Rapum Thuill. Top. Bot., 299. 

Native. E. Parasitical on broom and gorse. Very rare. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

L. Top of Hag Tor, Gem of the Peak. In the highest part of the woods 
upon the rock opposite Matlock Bath, Glover. Stevens records probably the 
same, but gives the name of 0. elatior. 

G2. Stanton Moor, Hasse, CD. Little Eaton, Glover. 

C. Between Holbrook and Alfreton, Filkington. 

T2. Dale Hills, Crewe £ Whittaker. 

T3. Repton Rocks, near the pond. Wild Fl. Bept. 

*0. ramosa L- 

Casual. Glover, 1829. 

T3. In a young fir plantation by the side of a high cornfield, at Ingleby, 
near Anchor Church, Glover. 

O. minor i- 

Native. E. Cloverfields, waste ground. Very rare. P? or A? July- Aug. 

First record, Crewe d- Whittaker, 1864. 

T2. Cloverfields, Breadsall, Crexoe & Whittaker. 

LATHR^A X. 
L. Squamaria J^- £ room-rape. 

Native. E. Parasite on roots of hazel, laurel, &c. Local and rare. A. 
April-May. 

First record. Withering, 1789. 

L. Via Gellia ; Matlock Bath ; Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B. On laurels 
at Churchdale, Ashford, Miss Fenton. 

Gl. Near Strines towards Marple, Barker. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. 
Mellor, Painter, J.B. 

G2. Derwent Bank, near Cromford Station, Gihbs. 

C. Dale Abbey, on hazel and elms, tolerably plentiful, B.L. Bee, 1873, 22. 

P. Pleasley Park, Pilkington. Whitwell, Friend. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smitli MSS. 

T3. Calke Park, Wild Fl. Rept. On laurel roots at Calke Abbey, I believe 
now extinct, Purchas, J.B. 



234 LENTIBULARIE.E. VERBENACE^. 

LENTIBULARIE/E. 

UTRICULARIA L. 
U. vulgaris L. Bladdcrwort. Top. Bot. " Bloxam sp." 

Native. B. Pools, slow streams. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

T3. Ponds near Swarkeston Bridge, formerly. Painter, J.B. Old Trent 
pools, Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

PINGUICULA L. 

P- vulgaris L. Buttcrwort. 

Native. SB. Bogs and marshes, woods and rillsides in moimtains. Local. 
P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, Wormhill, 350 yards, West, J.B. Near Bradwell, 
Painter, NaU. Eocks opposite Pigg Tor, Biixton, Jewitt. Topley Pike, CD. 
Brook Bottom, Tideswell ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; rocks on the north side of 
Eldon Hill. 

Gl. Buxton Old Eoad, near Wythen Lache, Barker. Kinderscout, Fl. 
Ashton. Foot of Axe Edge ; B.a.d&eld., Painter, Natt. d J.B. Side of Win Hill, 
Gibbs. E. Sett, south of Hayfield ; Jagger's Clough. 

G2. Moors near Dore, The Naturalist ! Woodland at Froggatt, Linton. 
Burbage Brook; Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

P. Swampy ground, east side of Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Boggy ground, south of Old Covert, Mugginton, Feilden. 



VERBENACE/E. 

VERBENA i. 

V. officinalis I^. Vervain. 

Native. E. Dry places on gravel or limestone. Eare and local. P. 
July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789, Simpler's Joy. 

L. Bottom of the Via Gellia, B. £ N., J.B. Winster, Milnes, CD. 

G2. Duffield Bridge, Glover. 

Tl. Quarndon ; Mackworth, near Mr. Beunet's and the Church, Pilkington. 

T2. Between Ockbrook and Borrowash, Smith MSS. Little Chester ; 
Morley, Whittaker, Phyt. d- Painter, J.B. 

T3. Calke, Bept. F. d- F., in one spot only, Pitrchai, J.B. Wiushill, 
N.H., Tilth. Linton ; Melbourne, Painter, J.B. 



LABIAT.E. 235 

LABIAT/E. 

MENTHA L. 

M. rotundifolia Iluds. Top. Bot. "Derby ? Wood in Phytol." 

Native? E. Damp grass, banks of streams. Very rare. P. Aug.-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Mill Dale, Hh. Mason ! 

Tl. Waste ground near Kedleston Rectory, Bindley. Near a brook on 
the Uttoxeter Road, Glover. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

M. alopecuroides ll^i'ii- 

Denizen. Waste places, roadsides. Rare. P. Aug.-Sept. 

First record. The Flora. 

C. Brackenfleld Green ; roadside, Wessington. 

G2. Ambergate ; Kelstedge. 

Tl. Escape, by the Hollies Farm, Yeldersley. 

M. longifolia Suds. Horse Mint. M. silvestris L. 

Native. E. Riversides, watery places. Local. P. Aug.-Sept. 

First record, Pilkingtun, 1789. 

L. Cromford Dale ; bottom of the Via Gellia, B. £ N., J.B. In one spot 
only in Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. By R. Bradford, below Youlgreave. 

G2. Lindup Wood, Gem of the Peak. Laneside near Beeley Hill Top. 

C. Pinxton, Pilkington. Aldercar, Paititer, J.B. 

Tl. Near Marston Montgomery, Smith MSS. (See B.E.C. Bep. for 1897, 
560). 

T2. Banks of R. Derwent, Breadsall, Crewe (& Whittaker. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton, near the Tan-yard, Wild Fl. Rept. 

Var. nemorosa Willd. 

L. Near the Pig of Lead, Cromford, Bailey, CD. ! On the Cromford 
plant M. Malinvaud remarked in litt. : " Proles hybrida e M. rotundifolia et 
silvestH." 

*M. viridis L. Spear Mint. 

Alien. Streamsides, pastures, waste places. Rare. P. Aug.-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Banks of the Lathkil, below Alport, Watson's N.B.G. 

G2. Banks of the Derwent, Duffield, Glover. Beeley. 

Tl. Shirley Brook, below the Mill ; Green Lane, Norbury. 

T2. R. Derwent, near Breadsall, Watson's N.B.G. 

M. piperita i. Peppermint. 

Native. E. Ditches, streamsides, damp ground. Frequent. P. Aug-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Cromford Dale, fully native, B. £ N., J.B. In a mountain rivulet in 
Bonsall Dale, Sm. Eng. Fl. Via Gellia, Crewe £ Whittaker. 



236 LABIATE. 

Gl. Near Higher Crossings, and at Tunstead, Chapel-en-le-Frith ; Hood 
Brook, Hathersage. Pingett Wood, Low Leighton, Pilkington. 

G2. Cromford Canal, south of Whatstaudwell Railway Station, B. & N., J.B. 
Wet meadows, Lea Bridge, Miss Armitage. By the brook south east of Belper ; 
near Ireton Wood towards Cross-o'-th'-Hands ; Abney Clough ; Bramley, near 
Hassop ; Baslow ; Kelstedge. 

C. Roadside, Calow ; Westthorpe ; between Greenhill and Bradway ; 
Brackenfield Green. S. Normanton, Pilki7igton. 

P. Upper Langwith. 

Tl. Ashbourne ; between Repton Common and Cubley, Smith, MSS. 
Yeaveley; Cockshead Lane; Barton Park. 

T3. Winshill, Painter, J.B. Anchor Church, Glover. 

M. hirsuta HmIk. Water Mint. 

Native. B. Riversides, canals, ditches, marshes. Common. P. Aug.-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. " Wye Valley, up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. Huhglahra (Baker), 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Bh. Mason I Bretby, Nowers. 

Var. ciirata (Ehrh.). 

Wet ditch in Derbyshire where it does not flower. Miss Stuhhs, 1876; "I 
think this is rightly named," Boswell, B.E.C. Bep., 1876, 28. 

M. sativa ^- M. arvcnsis x hiratita F. Schultz. 

Native. BE. Streamsides, ditches, pools, wet places. Frequent. P. 
Aug.-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale; Miller's Dale, 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Matlock, B. <& N., 
J.B. Youlgreave, Painter, J.B. Via Gellia, Rogers. Brough ; Hope Station. 

Gl. Between Bagsworth and New Mills, Rogers. Near Castleton; 
Hathersage, and Hood Brook. 

G2. Abney Clough ; Froggatt ; Grindleford Bridge ; millijool above Woolley, 
Ashover Hay. 

C. Canal north of Chesterfield ; by pool one mile east of Killamarsh ; by 
Pebley Pond. 

Tl. Shirley; Longford, B.E.C, Rep., 1890, 308. 

T2. Derby, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. 

Var. palndosa (Sole). 

L. Monsal Dale, Baker, J.B. Matlock, B. £ N., J.B. Chee Dale, 
Waterfall. 

Gl. Between Castleton and Back Tor; between Hope and Edale. 

G2. Cromford Canal, Rogers. 

C. Brackenfield Green. 

Tl. About Dog Lanes, Atlow ; Sudbury, by the railway, towards Scropton. 



LABlATJi. 237 

Var. subglabra Baker. 

L. Piu Dale, uear Castleton. 

M. rubra ■S»i. 

Native. E. Pond margins, ditchsides, riverbanks. Kather rare. P. 
Aug.-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Between Milton and Hilltop, Whaley Bridge. 

G2. Beeley Hill Top; between Shottle and Shottle Gate. 

C. Walton Wood ; Freebirch, Old Bampton ; by Great Pond, Winger- 
worth ; Press Reservoirs. 

Tl. Shirley Mill ; by pond below Yeldersley Hall ; Hulland Ward Gate, 
and south side of Hulland Moss; near Eaton Wood. 

T2. Moor Lane Top to Green Lane, Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. Near the Pot Works, Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. 

M. gentilis L. 

Native. E. Watery places, streamsides. Bare. P. Aug.-Sept. 

First record, Rogers, B.L. Bee, 1884. 

L. By R. Wye in Miller's Dale, two or three plants, Bogers, J.B. Thorpe, 
Nowers. Chee Dale, near Blackwell Mill. 

Gl. Between Bamford and Mytham Bridge. 

G2. Abney Clough ; Shatton ; a little south of Fox House Inn, and by 
Burbage Brook, the latter plant approaching M. rubra. 

Var. Wirtgcnlana F. Schultz. 
Gl. Hope, Hh. Mason! 

M. arvensis L. Field Mint. 

Native. B. Fields, ponds, ditches, wet places. Frequent. P. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Cornfields, Wormhill, 350 yards, West, J.B. Cultivated ground, rare, 
Matlock, B. d- N., J.B. Youlgreave ; Kingsterndale, Painter, J.B. rf- CD. 
Longstone Moor. 

Gl. Near Glossop ; Edale, at Ladybower; Hope Station; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage. 

G2. Belper; near Owler Tor; Curbar ; Ambergate. 

C. Loscoe. 

Tl. Shirley; Church Broughton ; Etwall ; Blackwall. 

T2. Spondon Fields, Smith MSS. Breadsall, Crewe <C- Whittaker. Near 
Locko, CD. 

T3. About Calke and Eepton, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

Var. Numnndaria (Schreb.). 

Tl. Yeldersley, near the Hollies Farm,' JB.E.C. Bep., 1890. 308. 
T3. Eepton Shrubs, Rh. Mason! 



238 LABIATE. 

Var. agrestis (Sole). 
Gl. Ashopton. 

Var. pr(cco.v (Sole). 

G2. Near Chatsworth. 
C. Near Barlow. 

Var. AUionii (Bor.). 

Tl. The Old Waste, Darley Moor, north of Cubley, B.E.G. Bep., 1888, 187. 

A form between M. arvensis and M. sativa occurred at Shirley (Tl.), B.E.C. 
Bep., 1889, 266. 

M. Pulegium L. Penni/ Rotjal. 

Native. E. Wet heaths, pond margins. Very rare. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Near Beighton, about eight miles from Sheffield, Hb. Salt, 1800. 
Pinxton, Pilklngton. 

Tl. Radbourn and Langley Commons, Pilklngton. 

T2. Ockbrook Common, Pilklngton. 

The plant is extinct at most if not all the above stations, and has not been 
observed in the County in recent years. 

LYCOPUS L. 

L. europSBUS L. Gipsywort. Wafer Horehound . 

Native. B. Streams, ditches, ponds, wet places. Frequent. P. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilklngton, 1789. 

G2. Ambergate. 

C. About Eenishaw, Waterfall. Ault Hucknall ; Loscoe ; canal below 
Mastin Moor ; near Shipley Gate ; New Stanton ; Alfreton. S. Normanton ; 
Pinxton, Pilklngton. 

P. By Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Near Yeaveley Church, Smith MSS. Edlaston, towards Norbury, 
Miss Sanclford. Burnaston; Findern, Painter, NatK Between Brailsford and 
Mercaston, in Wood Lane ; Hatton ; between Longford and Boylestone. 

T2. Canal near Breadsall, Whittaker, PJiyt. Derby, Painter, J.B. Bor- 
rowash, by canal; Sandiacre ; Sawley ; Long Eaton. 

T3. Ponds in Calke Park, Watson's N.B.G. Bretby Park; Repton 
Rocks ; Foremark Bottoms, Gibbs. Burton, Hb. Mason ! Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bept. 

ORIGANUM L. 

O. VUlgare L. Marjoram. 

Native. BE. Dry banks, mostly on limestone. Locally abundant. P. 
July-Sept. 

First record, Pilklngton 1789. 



LABIATE. 239 

L. Ascends to 400 yards at Peveril Castle, Baker, J.B. About Biixtou ; 
Castleton ; Dovedale ; Youlgreave, Painter, J.B. Chee Dale ; Matlock Bath, 
Bowland, CD. Cromford ; Wirksworth, Gibbs. Ashford, white-flowered ; Brad- 
well ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

G2. Crich, Filkington. Stokemoor Wood, near Grindleford Bridge ; Fall- 
gate, Ashover. 

P. Bolsover ; Clowne ; Elmton ; Cresswell, and Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Limepits, Snelston Common. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyf. 

THYMUS Z. 

T. Serpyllum Fr. Wild Thyme. 

Native. B. Limestone dales, dry pastures, heathy banks. Locally abun- 
dant. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Buxton; Castleton; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Matlock Bath, Bowland, 
CD, Diamond Hill, Rogers. Middleton Dale, Hb. Salt. Oxlow Rake; 
Bradwell ; Ashford ; Longstone Edge. 

Gl, Common up to 500 yards, Baker, J.B. Near Hayfield, Fl. Ashtoii. 
Win Hill. 

G2. Baslow, Painter, J.B. Eyam Moor ; near Caltou House, Chatsworth. 

P. Roadside near Bolsover; Clowne; Elmton; Scarcliffe ; Markland Grips; 
Houghton. 

Tl. Limekilns near Snelston, Miss Sandford. Turnditch, Painter, NatK 
Littleover ; Radbourn Common, Pilkington. 

T3. Between Crewe's Pond and Bretby, Bept. F. cC J^. Calke, Bloxam. 
Burtoii-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Linton, sparingly, approaching the form 
Chamaidrys, N.H. Tutb. 

CALAMINTHA L. 

C. Clinopodium Spenn. Wild Basil. 

Native. BE. Hedgebanks, waysides, woods, pastures. Frequent. P. 
July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Lathkil Dale; Via Gellia ; Monsal Dale; Bradwell, Painter, J.B. S 
Natt. Matlock, Barrow. Up to 350 yards [Wye Valley], Baker, J.B. Ashwood 
Dale ; Miller's Dale, Bogers. Dovedale ; between Thorpe and Mappleton, 
Purchas, J.B. Middleton Dale. ' 

G2. By the Cromford Canal, Bogers. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Manners 
Wood, near Bakewell. 

P. Bolsover; Paltertou; Clowne; Scarcliffe; Cresswell Crags. Glapwell, 
Pilkington. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Near Meynell Langley ; about Allestree 
and Quarndon ; Longford 



240 LABIATE. 

T2. Breadsall, &c., Crewe S Whittaker. Sandiacre. Chaddesden Turnpike, 
Pilhington. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Glhhs. Burtou-oii-Treut, Painter, J.B, 
Eepton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. arvensis Lam. Basil Th>/inr. C. Achios Clairv. 

Native. BE. Dry fields aud banks. Local A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Thymus acinos. 

L. Flagg Dale, Wormhill, 300 yards. West, J.B. Monsal Dale, Miss F^nton. 
Youlgreave ; Stony Middleton Dale, Watson's N.B.Q. Dovedale, Painter, J.B. 
Brassiugton Rocks, Gihhs. High Peak Railway, Matlock, Stevens. Bonsall, 
Crewe <&; Whittaker. Between New Inn and Lode Mill, Purchas. Cressbrook 
Dale. 

C. Holbrook, Whittaker, Phi/t. 

P. Glaj)well, Pilkington. 

Tl. Limekilns, near Snelston, Miss Sandford. 

T3. Between Ticknall and Repton, Purchas, J.B. Foremark, Painter, J.B. 

C. parviflora lyam. Lesser Calamint. C. Xcpcta Sav. 

Native. EG. Dry banks. Very rare. P. Aiagust. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. S. Normanton, Pilkington. Was this a mistake? Pilkington does not 
mention the commoner C. officinalis. 

T2. Ockbrook, Bland (1875) in Smith MSS. 

C. oflBcinalis Mwnch. Calamint. C. mcntlucfoUa Host. 

Native. E. Limestone rocks, dry banks. Local and rather rare. P. 
July-Sept. 

First record, 'N.B.. Tuth., 1863. 

L. Via Gellia ; Cromford, Millies, CD. Matlock Bath, Boioland, CD 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

T2. Morley, Crewe d- Whittaker. Ockbrook, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Gravel pit, Repton Park [Bloxam], Purchas, J.B. Linton, Painter, 
J.B. 

"Salvia pratensis L. Meadoio Clary. 
Alien. G. 

G2. Crich, Pilkington. 
T3. Swarkeston, Wild Fl. Bept. 

NEPBTA L. 

N. Cataria L. Catmint. 

Native. EG. Hedges, dry stony or rocky jjlaces. Rare. P. July-Sept. 

First record. Clover, 1829. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. Via Gellia, Crewe <{; Whittaker. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

T3. Ticknall, Purchas, J.B., 1891, 344. In the Park, Calke, Bloxam. 
Linton, N.H. Tuth. 



LABIATE. 241 

N. Glechoma Bcnth. G round Iri/. Ghchoina licdcri(cc<i L. 

Native. B. Hedges, banks, pastures, woods. Common P. April-July. 

First record, Pilkingtoii. 1789. Gill. Rohin-run-iii-tltc-heilge. Comtnou 
everywhere. " Up to 450 j-ards near cottages over Burbage," Baker, J-.B. 
" Mr. Hardcastle found for manj' successive years a beautiful jjure . white 
variety growing in a shady corner by the brook which runs through the 
meadows between the Uttoxeter Road and Thornhill Farm," Glover. A white 
flowered varietj' near Ashbourne, Garner. The form Jiirsiita at Burton, Hb. 
Mascn. 

SCUTELLARIA X. 
S. g-alericulata L. SinU-cip. 

Native. B. Ponds, canals, streams, wet places. Not uncommon. P. June 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Backtor Wood, Edale, 300 yards, Linfou. 

G2. Cromford Canal, Rowland, CD. Lumsdale Reservoirs, abundant,, 
and banks of canal at "Whatstandwell. B. <(■ N. J.B, Under Birchen Edge, and 
by Bar Brook, Baslow ; under White Edge, above Froggatt, over 300 yards ;. 
bj- the Derwent, above Allestree. 

C. Banks of canal, Renishaw, Waterfall. Loscoe ; canal near Shipley 
Gate; near Kirk Hallam ; Birleyhay, Ford; Hardwick Park and Wood; Pebley 
Pond; New Stanton. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Canal, Findern ; Mugginton, 
Painter, Nat^. Yeldersley Lane; Shirley Park; Barton Blount; Marston-on- 
Dove ; Breward's Car, Muggintou. 

T2. R. Derwent, Alvaston ; Borrowash, Smith MSS. Banks of Canal, 
Breadsall, Crewe <(• Whittaker. Thrumpton Ferry; Sandiacre ; R. Erewash, 
near Long Eaton. 

T3. Side of pond at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby Park ; Rej^ton Rocks, 
Gihhs. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Egginton. 

S. minor Hnh. Lesser Skull-cap. 

Native. EA. Wet jjlaces on heaths, marshes. Very rare. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Abundant in Salter Sich, near the Peacock Inn; by the stream by 
Greave's Piece, west of Smeekley Wood ; Brackenfield Green ; Wessingtou 
Common. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Re^Dton Rocks, Nowers, 1883. Repton Shrubs, 
Painter, J.B. 

PRUNELLA L. 

P. vulgaris L. Self-Jienl. Britnellii al. 

Native. B. Pastures, waj'sides, waste ground. Common. P. June-Oct. 

First record, Pilkingt(»i, 1789. 

R 



242 LABIATE. 

Abundant everywhere. " Common np to 500 yards," Baler, J.B. A white 
flowered form has occurred at Malcoif, Chapel-en-le-Frith (Gl), and near Ford 
(C) ; and a light rose flowered form at Loscoe (C), near Hognaston towards 
Atlow (Tl), and near Trentlock (T2). 

*Melittis Melissophyllum L. 

Alien. A. 

Tl. l^etween Sinfin and Barrow, Glover, 1829. 

*Marrubium vulgrare L. white Hore/iound. 

Alien or Denizen. E. Waste ground, roadsides. Very rare. P. July-Oct. 
L. Middleton Dale, PilUngton, 1789. 
T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

STACHYS L. 

S. Hetonica. l>i nth. Wootl lUtoiiij. B<t»niva officinalis L. 

Native. EB. Woodland, fields, hedges. Common. P. June-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

In all the districts. " Ascends to 350 yards on the hill above Miller's Dale 
Station," Rogers, J.B. 

S. palustris L. Jfnrsh WoHUflirort, 

Native. B. Streamsides, canals, moist ai-able land, woods. Fairly frequent. 
P. June-Sept. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811, 

L. R. Derwent, Matlock Bridge, B. <£• N., J.B. Near Dovedale, Purchas. 
Near Buxton, Jewitt. Brough, Painter, NaU. R. Wye, at Ashford. 

Gl. Above Castleton, under Back Tor. 

G2. Near Wirksworth, Gibbs. Beeley; Ambergate. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Near Codnor Park Station ; idooI east of 
Killamarsh ; Denby Common ; canal near Kirk Hallam ; Beighton ; mill pond 
N.E. of Fritchley. 

Tl. Edlaston ; Yeaveley, Smith MS S. Findern ; ^lAck\\ovi\i, Painter, Nat^, 
Near the Dove, Sudbury. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe tO Whittaker. Spondon, Painter, J.B. Thrumpton 
Ferry ; canal at Sandiacre ; near Long Eaton. 

T3. Calke Mill, P«*-c7tas, /.^. Drakelow, .Y.H. T«^6. ¥.q,gmio\i, Hb. Mason ! 
Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Osierbeds, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

S. ambigua Sm. S. palustris X silcntica. 

Native. B. Damp hedgesides, ditches. Rare. P. June-Sept. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Roadbanks, Baslow to Hassop, Balleg, B.L. Bee, 1878, 11. Tansley, 
Carr, 

C. Millpond N.E. of Fritchley. 



LABIAT.5E. 243 

Tl. Between Derby and Mackworth, a form near .S'. silvatica, the leaves 
more ovate, the serratui'es more convex-sided, the flowers smaller and darker, 
Purchas, J.B. Muggiutou, Painter, Natf. 

T2. Morley, Hnsse, CD. 

T3. Lower plantation, C-a.\]i.e, Bloxuin. StuiienhiU, N.U. Tilth. Willingtou ; 
Linton, Painter, J.B. 

S. silvatica L. Hedf/e Woundwort. 

Native. B. Hedges, ditches, waysides, woods. Common. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Everywhere abmidant. " Up to 400 yards near Waterloo Inn," Baker, J.B. 

S. arvensis L. 

Native. B. Arable laud on sand or gravel. Bare. A. May-Sejit. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
G2. Near Duffield, Painter, J.B. 

C. Dale, Hasse, CD. Near Dore Station ; Mosbi'ough. Pinxton. Pilkington. 
P. Elmton. 

Tl. Near Bradley Park Farm. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe «(• Whittaker. Waste ground at Long Eaton. 
T3. Bridle road to Swarkeston, jBZoj;a?w. Repton Waste, Gibhs. Egginton ; 
Cauldwell, Painter, Nat^. ,(■ J.B. Drakelow. H.N. Tutb. 

GALEOPSIS L. 

G. Ladanum ^. ^b. G. iutcnn-edia Vill. 

Native .' EB. Arable land. Very rare. A. July-Sept. 

First record, J.B., 1895, 186. 

P. Cultivated land near Elmton. 

G. angUStifolia Phrh. Red Rrmp Xettlc. 

Native. EB, Arable land, waste ground, waysides. Rare. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Narrow-leaved Nettle. 

L. Matlock, Smith MSS. Monsal Dale ; Peak Forest Station, Painter, J.B. 
Roadside, two or three miles from Bakewell, towards Buxton ; Lathkil Dale, on 
the banks of the Lathkil near One Ash, Watson's N.B.G. Dovedale, Purchas. 

C. Totley, Painter, Nat*. [G. Ladaniun). Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Bolsover. 

G. versicolor Ourt. O. spevlosu Mill. 

Colonist. SB. Arable land, wood borders. Rare. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Youlgreave, Purchas ! Near Arbor Low (Arbelows), Green, CD. 
Bradwell, Painter, Natt, About Matlock Bath, Bot. Guide. Near Bonsall, 
Drabble. Great Shacklow Wood; Peak Forest. 

Gl. Hayfield, Sunderland, CD. 

G2. Duffield, Bot. Guide. Near Ball Cross, Edensor. 



244 LABIAT.E. 

C. Near Reuishaw, Painter, Nat'. Holyraoorside, Drabble. Cornfields 
by Ferriby Brook, Morley, Crewe ((■ WJiittaker. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley. 

T3. Piurton. Hb. Mason ! Eggiutou, Painter, NatK Drakelow, N.H. Tutb. 
Reptoii. Wild Fl. Bept. 

G. Tetrahit L. iLwp ^rtth: 

Native. V>. Hedges, arable laud, waste ground, wood borders. Common. 
A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkingtun, 1789. 

Generally distribiited. " Miller's Dale, 250 yards," Rogers. Near the Snake 
luu, over 300 yards. White flowered at Ladybower, Edale. " A variety with 
terminal flower regular, and four equal stamens, first observed in 1788 at 
Matloek," Lian. Fl. Lapp., 'ind Ed., 179'2. 

LBONURUS I: 
*L. Cardiaca L. JM/i-nrort. 

Alien. Roadsides, waste ijlaces, banks. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Lion's Tail. 

L. By R. Derwent, Cromford, Miliies, CD. Via Gellia, Painter, J.B. 

C. Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. Haudley [near Strettonj, Pilkington. 

Tl. Maclcworth, Smith MSS. 

LAMIUM L. 
L. amplexicaule /-• Henint. 

Native. B. Arable land, waste places, w.^lls. Frequent. A. April-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe d- WJiittaker. 

Tl. Osmastou-by-Ashbourne, Painter, .I.E. Shirley ; Barton Fields ; near 
Spread Eagle Inn, Findern. 

T2. Trent College Grounds, Trent, CM. ]k)rrowash, Painter, J.B. Near 
Sawley Junction. 

Ta. Ingleby. ilrt.s.st', CD. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Repton, TT7/(/ Fl. 
Bept. 

*L. intermedium Fr. 

Casual ? 

T3. Drakelow. Nowers. 1889. 

L. hybridum vm. L. inrisum Willd. 

Nativf. l->. Cultivated and waste gi'ound, roadsides. Rare. A. May-Sept. 
First record, Wild Fl. Rept.. 18G(). 

Gl. Gai-den weed at Burbage, Buxton, 350 yards. Baker, J.B. 
P. Arable land near Pleasley Station. 

T3. AVaste ground at Ticknall Vicarage, Purehas, J.B. Calke, Bloxam. 
Repton. Wild Flower Bept. 



LABIAT.E. 245 

L. purpurem /-. Jled Bead Xrfth: 

Native. B. Ciiltivated and waste ground, liedge banks, roadsides. 
Common. A. Feb. -Nov. 

First recoi-d, Glover 1829. 

Generally distributed. " Common wp to 400 yards," Baker. J.B. 

*L. maculatvim l- 

Alien. Banks, roadsides, waste places, generally near honses. Rather 
freqnent. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 

L. Ashwood Dale; between Wormhill and Peak Forest. Green, CD. 
Wirksworth, Painter, J.B. Darley in the Dale, Watsun's N.B.G. Woods by 
the river, Matlock, Stevens. Hopton, Bindley. 

Gl. Near Hazelford, Hathersage. 

G2. Baslow, Painter, J.B. 

Tl. Edlaston wood side, Smitlu MSS. Mickleover, Bindlrij. ]>etween 
Cnbley Brook and Birchwood Moor ; Over Biggin ; Shirley ; Bradley. 

T3. Repton ; Courtyard at Knowl Hills, Wild Fl. liept. 

L. album L. irhitr ikwi Xcttic. 

Native. BE. Roadsides, waste places, hedge-banks. Common. P. May- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkinc/ton, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Wye Valley up to Tideswell, 250 yards." Baker, 
J.B. 

L. Galeobdolon Cr'n/t:. Yrlluir ArclxmyeL ll'riisrl-stanif. Grd/oMo/on 
liitfidit Huds. 

Native. E. Woodland, hedge-banks. Frequent. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Limestone woods up to 350 j-ards. Baker, J.B. Buxton. Painter, J.B. 
Matlock Bath, Rowland, CD. Dovedale, B. d- N., J.B. 

Gl. StiiTuj) Wood, Charlesworth, Painter, J.B. Ashopton ; Hood Brook, 
Hathersage. 

G2. Ashover, Baileij, CD. Belper ; Grindleford, Painter, J.B. •!'■ NatK 
Ecclesbourn Brook. Duifield, Pilkinc/ton. 

C. Clinker Wood, Renishaw. Waterfall. Wingervvorth. TJ/e Naturalist. 
Dale Abbey, Painter, NatK Kirk Hallara ; Linacre Wood, Brampton ; Mill- 
thorpe, near Holmesfield ; Ault Hucknall ; Newton Wood. Park Hall ; Pinxton, 
Pilkingtoi. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Whitwell, The Naturalist. Marklaud Grips. Waterfall. 

Tl. Kirk Langley, Painter, NatK Shirley; Yeaveley ; Cubley; Eaton 
Woods; Alkmonton. 

T2. Breadsall, common, Whittaker, Phyt. 

T3. Woods, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hh. Mason. Bretby, Gihbs. 
Near Foremark, Watson's N.B.G. Repton Shrubs ; Anchor Church. Wild Fl. 
Eejjt. 



246 LABIATE. 

BALLOTA L. 

B. nigra L- BiHck Hori'lunnul . B. fa't'uld Koch. 

Native. E. Waste ground, roadsides, banks. Frequent on Magnesian 
limestone and Trias, at low levels. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Crewe d: Whiffaker. 

C. Staveley, Drabble. Hill Houses, near Wingerworth. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Elmton ; Cresswell Crags ; Langwith ; Steetlej\ 

Tl. Burnaston, Pointer, NatK Mickleover, Bindleij. Shirley ; Foston ; 
Scropton ; Tutbury Station; Marston-on-Dove ; Mugginton. 

T2. Ockbrook; Elvaston, Basse, CD. Little Chester, Crewe >(■ Wliittaker. 
Saudiacre ; Wilsthorpe, near Long Eaton ; Sawley ; Shardlow. 

T3. Hedgebanks about Calke, Purchas, J.B, Ticknall, Hasse, CD. 
Stapenhill, Harris, CD. Swarkeston, Painter, Nat>-. Tan-yard Lane, Repton, 
Wild Fl. Rept. 

TBUCRIUM /.. 

T. Scorodonia L. Wood Sugr. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, heathland, woods. Frequent. P. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Common among the limestone cliffs up to 400 yards above Castleton, 
Baker, J.B. Dry banks amongst the limestone, Matlock, B. d N., J.B. Miller's 
and Monsal Dales, Rogers. Coldeaton Bank, Dovedale, Purchas. Ashford ; 
Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; near Great Hucklow. 

Gl. Near Glossop ; New Mills ; Edale ; Snake Inn ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Frequent on gritstone east of Matlock, B. <(■ N., J.B. Duffield Bank, 
Glover. Shatton; Froggatt ; Burbage Brook; east of Bradwell. 

C. Banks behind Eckingtou Mill, Waterfall. Mapperley, and Shipley 
Hall ; West Hallam ; Denby ; Sheepbridge ; woods near Coal Aston. Dale 
Abbey, Glover. 

Tl. Allestree Park; near Heathtop, Hatton ; Shirley; Bradley; Yeaveley. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- Wliit taker. Locko Park. 

T3. Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. Brethy Park, Gibbs. Burton, Hb. Mason. 
Calke, Bloxain. Repton Park; Anchor Church, Wild Fl. Rept. 

AJUGA L. 
A. reptans L. Bugle. 

Native. B. Woods, roadsides, banks, pastures. Common. P. May-J>ily. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

In all the districts. " Frequent up to 300 yards," Baker, J.B. A form 
without stolons is recorded under the name of A. alpina in Sm. Evg. Bot., 
F. 1796, vii. t. 477. It was first found in Derbyshire by Dawson Turner. The 
Bot. Guide mentions it as occurring on the high ground between Matlock and 
Castleton. 



PLANTAGINE.E. 247 

PLANTAGINE/E. 

PL ANT AGO L. 

P. major L. Grcntn- Phnitabt. Woii-hnurl . 

Native. B. Pastures, arable land, roadsides, waste ground. Common. P. 
June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. intermedia (Gilib.). 

L. Near Buxton, in plenty, Rogers, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 132. Oxiow Rake. 

Gl. Near Glossop. 

G2. Higger Tor, Hathersage ; Chatsworth. 

Tl. Mugginton, Painter, NatK Church Broughton ; Shirley ; Rodsley. 

P. media. L. Hoary Plantain, La)nh\s-tongur. 

Native. EB. Pastures, waysides, banks. Frequent, especially on lime- 
stone. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Limestone banks up to 350 yards. Baker, J.B. Wormhill, 400 yards. 
West, J.B. Middleton Dale, The Naturalist. Matlock Bath, Painter, NatK 
Dovedale, Nowers. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Longstone Edge ; near Chel- 
morton. " A luxuriant variety with white filaments (turning pinkish when 
pressed), and leaves comparatively narrow, unusually green, and ascending, so 
approaching P. lanceolata in aspect ; meadow above Buxton, Bogers, J.B. 

Gl. Fernilee, not common. Barker. Near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Bogers. Near Fox House. The Naturalist. 
Wirksworth, Gihhs. Between Hassop and Baslow; Kelstedge ; Ambergate. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Pudding-pie Hill, Old Brampton; between 
Tibshelf and Hucknall. 

P. Clowne, Waterfall. Whitwell, The Naturalist. Bolsover; Elmton ; 
Houghton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Biyidleij. Shirley; Hollington ; Marston Montgomery. 

T2. Breadsall, Wliittaker, Phyt. Chellaston, Painter, NatK Pastures by 
the Trent, near Long Eaton, at Trent Lock, and near the Derwent, opposite 
Great Wilne. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Between Repton and Milton; Winshill, 
Gibbs. Between Repton and Twyford. Wild Fl. Bept. Fields near Ticknall, 
Bept. F. d- F. 

P. lanceolata L. Rib-grass. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, arable land, roadsides. Common. P. 
May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Everywhere abundant. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 



248 PLANTAGINE.E. ILLECEBRACE.E. 

P. CoronOpUS I- Jhicl'y-Jiom rhi»tiii>i. 

Native. B. Dry waste groiuid, roadsides, in'eferring sand. Rather rare. 
A. June-Sept. 

First record, Pill-iiigto)t, 1789. Sfar-of-fhc-nuih. Hartshorn. 

G2. Little Eaton, Painter, J.B. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Creioe & W]ntta?xrr. 

Tl. Reservoir, Osmaston Manor, near Aslibonrne, Smith MSS. 

T2. Sandiacre, Trent, CM. 

T3. Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. ]]etween Calke Abbey and Melbourne, 
Eass^, CD. Cauldwell, Painter, J.B. AVillington Junction, Bpj't. F. .(■ F. 
Roadside east of Egginton Common. 

LITTORELLA Jin;/. 
T-i. juncea ^^"y. L- i<(cii.str'is L. 

Native. B. Shallow margins of pools. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record. The Flora. 

Gl. Plentiful on the side of the Reservoir, ChaiDel-en-le-Frith, Barler ! 

G2. Pools in Chats worth Park, Linton ! 

C. Great Pond, Wingerworth ; by Pebley Pond, Barlborough. 



ILLECEBRACE/E. 

*Herniaria hirsuta /-• Hainj iiuptHrorort. 

Casual. 

G2. Duffield, Pilhincjton, 1789. 

SCLERANTHUS /•• 
S. annuus L- KioncfL 

Native. B. Dry arable land, heathland. Frequent at lower levels. A. 
June-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Dovedale, Smith MSS. Ashford, Mi.ss Fenton. 

C. lireadsall Moor, Painter, J.B. Dale, Hasse, CD. 

Tl. Hulland ; sandy ground by Slack Lane, Brailsford ; Shirley, between 
the village and the brook ; Ravensdale Park, Mugginton. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Purchas, ,T.B. Ticknall ; Rei^ton Rocks, Painter, 
J.B. Rppton, Wild Fl. Kept. 

*Araaranthus retroflexus J- 

C. Casual at New Brampton, near Ashgate Plantation. 



CHENOPODIACE.E. 249 

CHENOPODIACE/E. 

CHENOPODIUM L. 
C polyspermum L. ^ui-sccd. Top. Bot. "Howitt sp." 

Native. E. Waste places, roadsides, field borders. Rare. A. Jiily-Sejit. 
First record, Pilldngton, 1789. 
C. Heanor, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 
Tl. Mickleover, Painter, XatK 

T2. Near Borrowash Railway Station, Smith MSS. 

T3. Calke Village, and at Calke Mill, I'lirchas, J.B. Between Repton 
and Newton, Wild Fl. liept. 

*C. Vulvaria I^- Stinkin;/ Ormhe. ('. vIuIhih Curt. 

Casual. GE. Waste ground. Very rare. A. July- Aug. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
G2. Dethick, Pilkington. 

T2. Garden at Calke Abbey (liloxam), afterwards lost, rurcliag, J.B. A 
sijecimen is in Hh. Leic. Museum. 

C. album J- i'"t H'h. White auij>'rjhot. 

Native. P>. .\rable land, waste groimd, waysides. Common. A. July-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. •' Ascends to 350 yards at I'iuxton," 
Rogers, .T.B. 

Var. virlfle (L.) PUkmgtm, 1789. 

C. Waste ground, Beighton, a very distinct looking plant, growhig with 
C. album (see B.E.G. Bep. for 1897, 662). 

Var. riridexeenn St. Am. C'. paganuin Reiclib. 
P. Langwith. 

*C. hybridum /.. 

Casual. 

Tl. ■ Mickleover. Biudleij. 

C. rubrum /- Kcd Gvosifvot. 

Colonist. EG. Manui-e heajjs, waste ground. Rare. A. Juiy-SejJt. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Tl. Longford, Gihhs Mickleover, Painter, Naf-. Littleover, Bindley. 
Barton Park Farm, north of Church liroughton. 

T2. Saudiacre. 

T3. Swarkeston Bridge, Bloxam. White Hollows, and Calke Village, 
Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, Hh. Mason. Coton-in-the-Elms, Painter, J.B. Eepton, 
Wild Fl. Rept. 



250 CHENOPODIACE^. 

C BonUS-HenricUS /-• Good K'dh/ Henri/. All-good. Wild Spntach. 

Denizen or Native. BE. Roadsides, waste places, near villages. Local. 
P. Jiine-Sept. 

First record, Filkingfon, 1789. 

L. Wormhill, 400 yards. West, J.B. Up to 350 yards, Taddingtou, Baker, 
J.B. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B.! Roadsides at Bonsall and Cromford, 
B. (f N., J.B. Monyash, The Naturalist. Thorpe Church, Smith MSS. 
Castleton ; Pin Dale ; Peak Forest ; near Sparrowpit Inn ; Foolow. 

Gl. Hnll End, Chapel-en-le-Frith ; near Hague Bar, New Mills ; near 
Lose Hill. 

G2. Rowsley, Rogers. Near Stony Middleton ; Kelstedge. 

C. Holmeslield, Painter, Natt. Spital, Chesterfield, Drabble. Horsley 
Castle, Crewe cC- Whittaker. Killamarsh ; West Hallam ; near Crowhole, Barlow ; 
Holymoorside ; near Beauchief Abbey. 

Tl. Norbury Quarry, Smith MSS. Mickleover, Bindlei/. Shirley Church- 
yard ; Hatton ; Ashbourne towards Bradley ; Burnaston. 

T2. Chellaston, Basse, CD. Breadsall, Crewe S Whittaker. Sawley, near 
R. Trent. 

T3. Near the Churchyard at Ticknall ; C^Yke, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill ; 
Svvarkeston, Painter, J.B. Churchyard, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

ATRIPLEX L. 

A. patula J^. Spear Orache. 

Native. B. Arable land, waste ground, waysides. Common. A. July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. "Up to 300 yards," B. d- N., J.B. 

Var. erecta Hudf3. 

L. Common in cultivated ground up to 300 yards [Matlock], B. d- N., J.B. 
Hope ; Pin Dale ; Ashford. 

Gl. Allport Dale ; Dinting ; New Mills, near Mellor ; Edale ; Bamford. 

G2. Chatsworth ; Baslow ; near Hathersage ; Duffield ; Shottle Gate ; 
Ambergate. 

C. By Renishaw Canal ; Duckmanton ; Coal Aston ; Unstone ; Beighton ; 
West Hallam ; Denby ; Barlborough. 

P. Whitwell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat'. Allestree ; Boylestonei; Shirley ; Brailsford. 

T2. Near Thrumpton Ferry; Sandiacre ; Great Wilne. 

T3. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Burton, Hb. Mason! 

Var. angmtifoUa (Sm.) Glover, 1829. 

Native. B. Common. " Miller's Dale, 250 yards," Baker, J.B. 

A , hastata L. Fat-ken. A. Smithii Syme. 

Native. B. Waste ground, hedgesides, fields, roadsides. Local. A. July- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Lamb's Quarters. 



CHENOPODIACE^. POLYGONACE^E. 251 

L. Matlock, B. d- N., J.B. Matlock Bath, Bogers. 

Gl. Up to highest cornfields over Burbage, 450 yards, Baker, J.B. 

G2. Near the Ford, north east from Allestree. 

C. Totley ; Norton, Painter, NatK Waste ground at Beighton. 

Tl. Eaton Dovedale Farm, near Doveridge ; Tutbiuy Station ; Hatton ; 
near the Dove, Sudbury. 

T2. By the canal, near Borrowash ; Thrumptou Ferry, and Treutlock ; 
Long Eaton, by the canal ; Sawlej" ; Great Wilne. 

T3. Burton, Hh. Mason ! Egginton Common ; Drakelow, near the Trent. 



POLYGONACEyt. 

POLYGONUM L. 

P. Convolvulus L. Black Bindweed. 

Native. B. Arable land, waste ground, waysides. Common. A. July-Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Up to 4.50 yards over Burbage," Baker, J.B. 

Var. siihalat)i)ii V. Hall. P. pseudo-diinietoruiii H. C. Wats. 
Tl. Sandy fields between the Knob and HuUand, Linton. 

P. aviculare /- Knot-grass. 

Native. B. Cultivated land, roadsides, waste ground. Common. A. June- 
Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant and generally distributed. " Ascends up to 450 yards over 
Burbage," Baker, J.B. 

Var. agrestnuo)) (Jord.). 

Common on arable land and waste ground. 

Var. vulgatiini Syme. 

Common and general ; recorded (for Eenishaw near Chesterfield) in the 
Watson's B.E.C. Bep., 1890. 

Var. arenastridii (Bor.). 

Sandy places, heathland. 

Tl. Near Burton Sluts, north of Brailsford, B.E.C. Bep., 1888, 230; 
Yeldersley. 

Var. rurivagidii (Jord.). 

Not uncommon by waysides. 
T3. Cauldwell, Hh. Mason '. 



252 POLYGONACE^. 

P. Hydropiper L. Water I'cppcr. 

Native. ]1 Ditches, streams, wet jjliices. Common, A. Ju]y-(Jct. 

First record, Filkingtoii, 1789. A rs/narf. 

Ill all the districts. Aboiit "200 yards at Froggatt. 

P. minus Jiflf. 

Native. E. Damp places, sides of rivers and ponds. Rare. A. Ang.-Se]3t. 
First record, N.H. Txib., 1863. 

T3. Ingleby ; Walton, N.H. Tiitb. Eurtoii, Hh. Muson ! Repton, Nowers. 
Drakelow, by the Trent. 

P. Persicaria X. Prrslcana. 

Native. B. Cultivated ground, waste places, waysides. Common. A. 
Jiily-Oct. 

First record, Pilliington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Frequent up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. A form 
with i^ilose ochrea; occurred near Ford (see D.E.C. Bep. for 1897). 

Var. thituin Gren. & Godr. 
C. Beighton. 
Tl. Shirley Park. 

P. lapathifolium L- 

Native. ];]<]. Cultivated ground, waste i^laces, rubbish heaps. Common. 
A. July-Oct. 

First record. Top. Bot., 1873. 

Generally distributed. "Nearly 400 yards near Corbar Wood, Buxton," 
Balier, J.B. 

P. amphibium L. 

Native. B. Streams, canals, ditches, wet places. Frequent. P. July-Sei:t. 

First record, Pilkinfjton, 1789. 

Including var. ferresfre Leers, which ajipears to be merely a state resulting 
from situation. 

L. Wye Valley at Ashford, 200 yards. Baker, J.B. Between Thorpe and 
Fenny Bentley, Smith MSS. Bradwell, Painter, Nat^. Hope. 

Gl. Near Chaj^el Reservoir, Barker. Dinting. 

G2. Near the Derwent, above Allestree. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Shipley Hall ; pool east of Killamarsh ; 
Wingerworth ; Hardwick. Pinxton, Pilkiiigtoii. 

P. Pool by Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley; Kedleston Park; Cubley ; ]\Iarston-on- 
Dove ; Sudbury ; Radbourn, towards ICtwall. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Breadsall railway pit. Crewe .(■ Whittnker. 
Long Eaton; Thrumpton Ferry; canal at Chaddesden, and at Chellaston. 

T:l Calke, Pitrchas, J.B. Bretby Ponds ; Repton Park Pond, Painter, 
J.B. rf- Natt. Trent by Tan-yard Lane, Repton, Wihl Fl. Bept. 



POLYGONACEiE. 253 

P. Bistorta L. Bistort. Siiffh' Jl'cod. 

Native. BI. Damp meadows and pastures. Frequent. P. Juue-Aug. 

First record, Withering, 1787. 

L. Meadow uear tlie Grammar School, Buxton, 350 yards, Baker. J.B. 
Wormhill, West, CD. Matlock. Bcnvland, CD. Fenny Bentley, Purchas. J.B. 
Ashbourne, Bot. Guide. Lower Hallfield, Kniveton. 

Gl. About Bugsworth, Bugers. High Lee, near Chapel, GisJiorne. 
Charlesworth. Painter, J.B. Tarden, near Mellor ; between Chinley and 
Lj'dgate. 

G2. Crich, Pilkington. Between Blackwall and Kirk Ireton ; Ashover 
Hay. 

C. Millhotises; woods between Norton and Eckiugton, Tlte Naturalist. 
Norton, Hh. Salt, 1798. The Moss, Mosbrough ; Barlow Brook; near Hardwick 
"Wood ; Fritchlej-. S. Normanton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Cublej' ; Ednaston ; "Wyaston ; Abbott's Clowne Holme. Mackworth, 
Pillirigton. 

12. Morley, Crewe ,(■ Whitfaker. 

13. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Swarkeston Meadows, Creve d- Whittaker. 
Near the Tanyard, Eeptou, Wild Fl. Bept. Formerly planted as a pot-herb 
and therefore perhaps not native in all its localities. 

"Fagopyron eSCUlentum Jlunch. linekirheat. Bnmks. I'oh/guinfi)/ 
FiKjopiiron L. 

Casual, sown for jiheasants. 
L. About Buxton, Jewitt, 1811. 
C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe <(• Whittaker. Chesterfield, Pilkington. 

RUMBX L. 
R. conglomeratus 3£i>rr. 

Native. B. Roadsides, wood borders, rubbish heaf)9. Frequent. V. July- 
Sept. 

First record. Top. Bot., 187li. 

L. Bakewell ; Buxton. Painter. J.B. Miller's Dale; Via Gellia. Rogers. 
Matlock; Dovedale, B. d- N., J.B. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Brook below Birchill Bank, Baslow ; Ambergate. 

C. Canalside, Kirk Hallam ; Loscoe ; pond, Parkhall, near Barlborough ; 
Beighton ; near Beauchief Abbej- ; Renishaw Canal; Wingerworth ; Cutthorpe, 
Old Brampton ; near the canal, New Stanton. 

P. Bramley Yale, Glapwell ; Beljjh Moor ; Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Tl. Shirley; uear the Bent, Chiirch Broughton ; near Spread Eagle Inn, 
Findern ; near the Dove, Sudbury. 

T2. Breadsall, Painter, J.B. Long Eaton, uear R. Erewash. 

T3. Calke. Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, 
Bept. F. d- F. Canal. Egginton. 



254 POLYGONACE.E. 

The branches of this species are more patent-ascending than those of 
E. liridis, giving the panicle a broader appearance. 

B. sanguineus ^- Blood;/ Dock. 

Native. BE. Waysides, waste places, hedges. Rare. P. July- Aug. 

First record, for the aggregate species, Pilkington, 1789 ; for the segregate, 
N.H. Titth., 1863. 

L. Via Gellia, Bailey, CD. 

T3. Newhall, N.H. Tuth. 

Var. viridi.s (Sibth.) Jt iicniorvtooi Schrad. 

Common and generally distributed. " Wye Valley up to Chee Tor, 250 
yards," Bakrr, J.B. 

R. maritimUS I- OvhUn Bode 

Native. E. Wet ground near pools, swamps. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Ray. Cat.., 1670. Lwpathum folio acuto, jlore auveo. " Ad 
Trentam fluvium prope Swarston pontetn in Derbia." 

T3. Meadows by the roadside near Swarkeston Bridge, formerly. 

R. pulcher /-• Fiddle Dock. 

Native. E. Waste land, waysides. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

T:3. Burton-on-Trent, Hb. Mason! Repton, towards the Ferry, Bloxam. 

B. obtusifoliuS -t. Broad-lcn-cd Dock. 

Native. B. Roadsides, waste places, woods, jpastures. Common. P. 
July-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant and generally distributed. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, 
J.B. 

R. crispUB I^- Cxrhd Dock. 

Native. B. Roadsides, waste places, arable land. Common. P. July-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Abundant everywhere. "Common up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. 

R. crispUS •- obtusifolius. ^i'- pratni.yis Mart, k Koch. Ji. acKtiix L. 

First record, Glorer, 1829. 

Native. E. ? 

L. Dovedale, B. .(• jV., J.B. Quarry near Bolehill, Sheldon; Middleton 
Dale. 

Gl. Mill Brow, near Mellor ; near Dinting Railway Station. 

Tl- Edlaston Coppy, B.E.C. Rep., 1891, 34:3. 

T3. liurton ; Bretby, Hb. Mason! Calke, Bloxam. Milton to Repton 
Rocks, Rept. F. (0 F. 



POLYGONACE.E. THYMELEACE.'E. 255 

R. Hydrolapathum Hmh. Grcut IVatrr Dork. 

Native. E. Streams, canals, pools, marshes. Frequent at low levels. P. 
July-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

C. Canal bank, Renishaw, Waterfall. Canal near Killamarsh, and near 
Mastin Moor. 

Tl. Findern, Painter, Nat*. 

T2. E. Trent, Sawley, a form with cordate leaf bases. 

T3. Swarkeston, Purchas, J.B. Repton, Green, CD. Burton-on-Trent, 
Painter, J.B. Old Trent by Twyford Lane, Wild Fl. Bept. Willington, Gibhs. 

R. alpinUS /^. MoHk\i Rhubarb. 

Denizen. Waste groiind. Rare. P. July-Aug, 

First record, Mag. Nat. Hist., 1829-35 ; also, Booker's Brit. FL, 1838. 

L. Pasture opposite One-ash Grange, near Bakewell, Bailei/, B.L. Bee, 
1876. 

Gl. On a farm in Chinley occupied by J. Porritt, verj- near the Farm- 
house, Watso)i's N.B.G. Ludworth, Fl. AsJitun. 

C. Near Dore, Tlie Naturalist. 

R. AcotOSa L. CoM/jion iSorrrl. 

Native. B. Pastures, waysides. Common. P. May-July. 

First record, Filkinf/ton, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Ascends to the peak of Axe Edge, over 550 yards," 
Baker, J.B. "All levels up to 850 yards at Matlock," B. <(■ N.. J.B. 

R. Acetosella -Zi. Sheep^s Sorrel. 

Native. B. Dry places, heaths, banks, fields. P. May-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the CountJ^ " Ascends to the peak of Axe Edge, over 
550 yards," Baker, J.B. 



THYMELEACE/E. 

DAPHNE I. 
D. Mezereon i- Mczireon. 

Native. EG. Limestone dales. Very rare. S. Feb.-April, 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Spurge Olive. Spurge Flax. Dwarf Bag. 

L. Thickets in Lathkil Dale, Smith MSS. Dove Valley, in very small 

quantity, Purchas, J.B. Copse near Bakewell, sparingly, Watson's N.B.G. 

Matlock, Chee Tor, Pilkington. 

D. Laureola /- Spurgi- Laurel. 

Native. EG. Woods, thickets, hedges, on limestone or drj- soil. Rare. S. 
March- April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 



256 LOKANTHACE.E. EUPHORBIACEiE. 

L. Matlock, liowlaud, CD. Ojiposite Willersley Park, on high rock right 
of tlie cutting througli which the road to Matlock passes, Nowcrs d- Wells. 
This is probably the same locality as " Cromford, Pdinfci; J.B." 

C Hardwick, Pilkington. 

P. Whitwell Wood. 

T2. Formerly not uncommon about Morley, but tlie farmers have nearlj' 
exterminated it, considering it dangerous for cattle, WJiittake); B.L. Rec. 1B75, 
129. Spondou Fields; Ockbrook, Smith MSS. and CD. 

T3. Foremark, Wild Fl. Bppt. 



LORANTHACEyC. 

VISCUM 1: 
V. album L. MMctoc. 

Native ? EG. Parasitic on trees. Rare. P. March-April. 

First records, Withering, 1787 ; Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. 

G2. Chatsworth, Gem of the Peak. On a thorn tree near Cromford, Gibbs. 

C. On a hawthorn near Beighton, Hb. Salt. On an oak at Staveley in 
the latter half of the 17th century, said to be " the only oak in England that 
bears Mistletoe," Natt'^. Muntlily, Dec. 1887. Langley, Watson's N.B.G. 
Pinxton ; "West Hallam, Pilkington, 

Tl. Allestree, Pilkington. 

T2. Morley, naturalised, Crewe A- Whitfaker. 



EUPHORBIACE/t. 

EUPHORBIA L. 
E. Helioscopia i- 'Sim Spuri/r. 

Native. B. Arable land, gardens, waste places. Common. A. May-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. Wart-wort. Churn-staff. 
General through the County. 

E, amygdaloides i. Wood Sp/rrgr. 

Native? E. Woods, thickets, hedgebanks. Very rare. P. April-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. • 

L. Woods near Cromford, Milnes, CD. 

T2. Chaddesden Common, Pilkington. 

T3. Found by Mr. Bloxam in Calke Park, since disappeared. Purchas, J.B. 

E. PepluS L. Pctti/ Spurge. 

Native. BE. Cultivated and waste gi-ound, roadsides. Common. A. May 
Oct. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General and abundant. "A common weed up to 400 yards." Baker, J.B. 



EUPHORBIACK.E. URTICACE^. 257 

E. exigua L. 

Native. EB. Arable land, waste ground, gardens. Common. A. June- 
Nov. 

First record, Pilkingtun. 1789. 

In all the districts. Over 200 yards near Charlesworth, and at Buxton. 

Var. rctusa (DC). 

C. Fields near Coal Aston. 

Tl. Fields Yeldersley, near Ashbourne (B.E.C. Bep., 1902). 

T2. Waste ground by the rifle butts near Trent Station. 

*E. Lathyris /- Casual. 
Tl. Mickleover, Bmdleij. 

*Buxus sempervirens L. Box. 

Alien. EL ? 

T3. Bretby Gardens, Glover. 

MERCURIALIS L. 

M. perennis L. Bog Mrrctny. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, woods, copses. Common. P. March-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Ascends up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. 

The monoecious form occurs here and there with the type ; noticed at 
Shirley ; Cubley ; near Boston. 



URTICACE/E. 

ULMUS L. 

U. montana >Stoke». Wych Elm. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods. Frequent. T. March-April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale, Bogers. Monsal Dale, Searle, CD. Lathkil Dale, 
Baker, J.B. Everywhere common in the woods [Matlock], B. if- iV., J.B. 

Gl. Common up to 500 yards [Buxton], Baker, J.B. 

Tl. Burnaston, Bmdleg. Shirley; between Eduaston and Hollington. 

T2. Morley ; Breadsall, CD. Chaddesden ; Mansfield Road, near Derby. 

T3. Apparently wild in some places, but often planted, Purchas, J.B. 
Biirton-ou-Trent, Painter, J.B. Eeptou, Wild Fl. Bept. 

Var. nitida Syme. 

L. Between Sandy Brook and Thorpe. 
Tl. Shirley. 

S 



258 URTTCACE^. 

U. SUrCUlosa stokes. Elm. U. cninprstris Sm, 

Denizen. E. Hedges, woods. Frequent. T. March-April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General, mostly planted. "Lower part of the Wye Valley, doubtfxally 

native," Baker, J.B. " Fine old (planted) trees in Calke Park," Purchas, J.B. 

U. suberosa Ehrh. with corky bark, occurs about Shirley and Brailsford, and, 

near Derby. 

Var. glabru Mill. 

L. Back Dale, near Hindlow. 

G2. Duffield. 

Tl. Meynell Langley; Mugginton. 

^Cannabis sativa L. Hemp. 

Alien. 

Gl. One plant in Corbar Wood, Buxton, Bogers. 

HUMULUS L. 

H. Lupulus L. Hop. 

Native or denizen. B. Hedges. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. Agnes Meadow, south of Kniveton. 

G2. Idridgehay, Gibbs. Little Eaton ; Belper, Olover. Ireton Wood ; 
Ecclesbourn Brook. Duf3Seld, Pilkington. 

C. About Eenishaw, Waterfall. Killamarsh, Glover. Loscoe ; Dale. 
Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell, Glover. Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Occasionally in hedges [Osmaston-by- Ashbourne neighbourhood], 
Smith MSS. Wilne ; Boston ; Shirley ; Markeaton. Marston Montgomery, 
Glover. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. Near Trent Station ; Sawley ; Shardlow. 

T3. Near Melbourne, Purchas, J.B. Anchor Church; Bretby, Gibbs. 
Linton, Painter, J.B, Walton, Glover. Calke, Bloxam, Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

URTICA X. 

U. dioica L. stinging Nettle. 

Native. B. Hedges, waste places, woods. Common. T. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

U. UrenS L. Small Nettle. 

Native. B. Waste places, especially near buildings. Frequent. A. June- 
Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale, Searle, CD. Matlock, Stevens. Monyash, 300 yards; 
Bradwell; by Sparrowpit, Chapel; Grange Mill; Youlgreave ; near Great 
Hucklow. 



URTICACE^. CUPULIFER.E. 269 

Gl. Mellor, Hannan, CD. 

G2. Belper ; near Owler Tor ; below Hathersage. 

C. About Eenishaw, Waterfall. Troway ; Wilday Green, Barlow. 

P. Elmton ; Markland Grips ; Belph Moor. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nai*. Wyaston, Smith MSS. Shirley ; Mam- 
merton, Longford ; Cubley ; Barton Blount. 

T2. Bradwell, CD. Dale; Sandiacre ; Long Eaton; Sawley ; Shardlow. 

T3. Eare [about Calke], Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hb. Mason! Willington, 
Painter, Natt. Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. Swarkestou; Egginton Common. 

PARIBTARIA L. 

P. officinalis X, JFall PelUtory. 

Native. BE. Walls, dry hedge-banks. Fairly frequent. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Walls of Haddon Hall, 200 yards, Baker, J.B. Cromford ; Bonsall, 
B. & N., J.B. Via Gellia, Bogers. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Bakewell, Gishorne. 

G2. Chatsworth, Gem of the Peak. Near Hopton ; Fallgate, Ashover. 

C. Holymoorside, X)rfl66Ze. Dale, H^nsse, CD. Hill Houses, Wingerworth ; 
near Wingfield Park. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Old wall near the Holmes, Derby, Glover. Mackworth Church, 
Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Wliittaker, CD. Great Wilne. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Swarkeston, Hasse, CD. Eepton, Wild 
Fl. Rept. 

[Myrica Gale L. Sweet Willow. 

C. Wingerworth, Pilkington, 1789]. 



CUPULIFERy€. 

BBTULA L. 

B. verrucosa Ehrh. Birch. 

Native. B. Hedges, woodland, copses. Common. T. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. B. alba. 

"Woods up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. Over 400 yards in Fairbrook 
Clough, near Snake Inn. 

B. pubescens £hr/i. 

Native. B. Woods, copses, hedges. Eather rare. T. April-May. 

First record, B.L. Bee., 1884-6, 105. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn ; Malcoff, near Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Bailey, B.L. Bee. Stanton. 

C. Brierley Wood, Unstone ; east of Totley. 



260 CUPULIFER^. 

ALNUS L. 

A. glutinOSa Mrdic Aldrr. 

Native. B. Damp hedges, streamsides, copses. Common. T. March- 
April. 

First record, Pilkuigton, 1789. Betiila Alnus, 

Generally distribvited. "Wye Valley to Buxton, 300 yards," Balier, J.B. 
" Matlock, up to 300 yards," B. <£• N., J.B. 

CARPINUS L. 

C. Betulus •^. Hornbeam. 

Denizen or planted. EG. Copses, hedges, woods. Not common. T. May. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Buxton, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. Mellor, FL Ashton. 

C. Belmont, Brampton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Edlaston Coppy ; West Broughton, Sudbury ; 
Lower Thurvaston ; Barton Park ; between Mugginton and Cross o' th' hands. 

T2. Breadsall, not common, Crewe d- WJiittaker. 

T3. Bretby, Painter, J.B. Eeptou, Bej^t. F. d- F. 

CORYLUS L. 
C. Avellana L. Huzel. 

Native. B. Woods, hedges. Common. S. or T. March- April. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

General throughout the County. " Common up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B, 

QUERCUS L. 
Q. Robur L. Onl: 

Native. B. Woods, hedges. Common. T. April-May. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Var. pednnculafa (Ehrh.). 

Common. " Woods up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. intermedia (D. Don.). 

Gl. Near Ashoptoa on the Sheffield Road, where all forms and stages 
from pediincidata to sessiliflora may be seen ; Hathersage ; near Horridge House, 
Whaley Bridge. 

G2. Chatsworth. 

C. By R. Sheaf, east of Totley. 

Tl. Between the Knob, HuUaud, and Spinneyford Brook. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. 



CUPULTFER.E. 261 

Var. wsnilifora (Salisb.) Gem. of the Peak, 1845. B.L. Rec. 1884, 105. 

Native. B. Not uncommon. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn; near Ashopton ; Hathersage. 

G2. Whatstandwell, B. A N., J.B. Baslow. 

C. Cordwell, near Unthank ; Hardwick Wood ; Moor Lawn Coppice, Holy- 
moorside ; Calow ; Duckmanton ; Dale. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley Wood. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. 

T3. Scarce about Calke, Purclias, J.B. 

In Derbyshire the three varieties of Queicus are connected by a series of 
intermediates, so that, however accounted for, the actual phenomena present us 
rather with three groups of forms of one species. 



CASTANIA L. 

*C sativa Mill. Edible or Siveet Chestnut. C. vulgaris Lam. 

Alien. Woods, plantations. Rather rare. T. May-June. 
Records, Crewe (i Whittaker, 1864; Wild Fl. Bept., 1866. 
Gl. Ashopton. 

G2. Chatsworth Park, planted, Baker, J.B. 
Tl. Bradley ; Shirley, planted. 

T2. Breadsall, etc., introduced, Crewe <f- Whittaker. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Near Newton Solney, Bnrkill, CD. Repton Park, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 



FAGUS j:. 

P. Silvatica L. Beech. 

Native. E. Woods, limestone dales, hedges. Frequent. T. March-April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wild looking in the limestone woods of the Via Gellia, B. <& N., J.B. 
Woods up to 400 yards [Buxton], Baker, J.B. 

Gl. Bugsworth to New Mills, Sogers. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Searle, CD. 
Edale. 

G2. Milltown, Ashover, Bailey, CD. Lea Mill, Cromford, Painter, Natt. 
Baslow. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. 

Tl. Kedleston, CD. Shirley. 

T3. Not triily wild [about Calke], Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Harris, 
CD. Repton Park, Wild Fl. Bept. 



262 SALICINE^. 

SALICINE/E. 

SALIX L. 

S. triandra L. Almonrl-lcurcd inuoiv. 

Native or planted. EB. River banks, hedges, by ponds. Rather rare. T. 
April-May. 

First record. Baker, J.B., 1884. 

L. Wye bank in Miller's Dale, 250 yards, Baler, J.B. 

Gl. Chapel Reservoir. 

Tl. Between Rodsley and Yeaveley; copses Longford, near Peathays ; by 
a pond between Shirley and Ednaston; near Brook Farm, Cubley. 

T2. Canalside near Chellaston, both the broad and narrow leaved forms. 

T3. Repton, Nowers, 

S. triandra x fragilis. t>. decip'wus Hoffm. 

Tl. Several bushes by the Bentley Brook, near Ashboiirne, Linton. 

S. triandra x viminalis. -S'- hippopiuKcfoHa Wim. & Grabb. 

L. Miller's Dale, an old tree and several yomiger, CD., where see note 
(S. undulata Ehrh. is however a different hybrid constituted of S. triandra and 
alba). Dovedale, Purchas. 

T2. Canalside below Chellaston. 

T3. Drakelow, by the Trent ; by the Dove, Egginton. 

S. pentandra -t. Bay-leaved fFillow. 

Native. S. Hedges, streamsides. Frequent. T. May-June. 

First record, Martyn, Phil. Trans., 1729. Salix folio laitreo sen lato gla hro 
odorato, Phyt. Brit. 

L. Miller's Dale, B.L. Bee, 1874, 66. Buxton, Linton. Along Scow Brook, 
near Hognaston. 

Gl. Near the Etherow, Glossop. 

G2. Near Hassop Station, and under Birchill Bank, Baslow. 

C. Barlborough Low Common, and by Pebley Brook ; near Hardwick 
Wood. Common about Wingerworth, Martyii. 

Tl. Between Bradley and Hulland ; near Cascus, north of Brailsford. 

T3. Egginton, Painter, J.B. Repton, Itept. F. <l- F. 

S. fragilis -t. (^rack WiUoir. 

Native. BE. By streams, pondsides, hedges. Common. T. April-May. 

First record, Bept. F. .fc F., 1881. 

General ; in all the districts, often probably planted. " Wye Valley to 
Buxton, up to 300 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. bf'itannica F.B. White. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Painter, NatK 
Gl. Mellor, Hannan, CD. 



SALICINE^. 263 

Tl. Mickleover ; Normaaton, Painter, Naft. Cupiss Lane, Brailsford ; 

between Cubley and Sudbury ; copses east of Alkmonton ; Lower Thurvaston ; 
Etwall. 

T3. Swarkeston, Painter, NatK 

S. alba i. TFhitr Willow. 

Native. BE. Streamsides, ponds, hedges. Common, though less so than 
the preceding. T. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County, often planted ; reaches to between 250 and 
300 yards near Buxton, 

Var. ritellina L. Golden Willow, Gem of the Peak, 1845. 

L. R. Wye near Monsal Dale Station, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Cromford, 
Painter, J.B. 

G2. Banks of the Derwent, Gem of the Peak. 

Tl. Roadside between Brailsford and Kirk Langley, planted. 

T3. Near Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. 

S. (ilbn X fragilis. S. viridis Fr. 

C. Margin of Pebley Pond, near Barlborough. 

S, purpurea L- Purple Osier, Bitter Willow. 

Native. BE. Streamsides, hedges, woods. Rather rare. T. March-April. 

First record, Bept. F. d F., 1881. 

L. By the Wye up to Ashwood Dale, 300 yards, Baker, J.B. Matlock 
Bath, Bogers. Cromford, Sunderland- (C- Hannan, CD, 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. Tarden. 

C. Near Hemsworth, Norton, Gibbs, 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Tl. Shirley Wood ; Corley, near Bradley ; by the Dove at Tutbury and 
Marston ; Doveridge ; marshes below Findern. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, Gibbs. Williugton, Bept. 
F. & F. By the Dove, Eggiuton. 

S. purpurea x viminalis. S. rubra Huds. 

Native. E. ? Streamsides, osier beds. Rare. April-May. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

Gl. Mellor (var. Helix), Fl. Ashton. 

T2. Trentlock ; R. Derwent, near Great Wilne. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

Var. Forhijana (Sm.)- 

L. Dovedale, near Lode Mill, Purchas, J.B. Roadside, between Castleton 
and Hope ; Brough. 

Gl. Mellor, Hannan, CD. 



264 SALICINE.E. 

Tl. Near the General Cemetery, Derby, Painter, Natt. Near Derby, Wats. 
B.E.C. Bep., 1894, 11. Shirley Wood. 
T2. Trentlock. 
T3. Twyford Feri-y, Nowers. 

S. viminalis ^- Cotn/iion Oilier. 

Native. BE. Hedges, streams, pools, osier beds. Frequent. S. or T. 
April-May. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. By the Wye up to Ashford Dale, 300 yards. Baker, J.B. Streamsides, 
frequent, at Matlock Bath, B. <(: N., J.B. Near Poole's Hole, Buxton, CD. 
Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Ashwood Dale, Painter, Nat*. 

Gl. Mellor ; Chapel Reservoir. 

G2. Between Hassop and Baslow. 

C. Near Hemsworth, Norton, Gibbs. 

TI. About Derby, C.D. Shirley Wood ; Wyaston ; by the Dove at Tutbury 
and Sudbury; Marston-on-Dove. 

T2. Ponds near Trent Station. 

T3. Twyford Ferry, Nowers. Repton, liept. F. d F. 

S. viminalis x Caprea. S. rugom Leefe. 

Native. Copses, hedges, poolsides. Frequent. T. March-May. 
First record, B.E.C. Bep. for 1887, 1888, 189. 
G2. Ashover, Painter, Natt. 

C. Mapperley ; Loscoe ; Crowhole, near Barlow ; Dale. 

Tl. Lane west side of Bradley Wood; Bradley; Edlaston Coppy ; Over- 
burrows, Brailsford. 

T2. Canalside near Chellaston. 

S. viminalis x cinerea. -S". Smitinana Willd, p.p. 

Native. EB. Hedges, copses, streamsides. Frequent. S. or T. March- 
May. J.B., 1881. 

L. By the Wye wp to Ashwood Dale, 300 yards. Baker, J.B. 

Gl. Mellor, Wild, C.D. Dinting, near the Etherow. 

G2. Near Chatsworth, Scrimshaw, C.D. Near Ashover, Bailey, C.D. 
Pincham's Hill, Belper. 

C. Denby ; Mosbrough ; woods near Beauchief Abbey ; Shirland. 

Tl. Shirley, in two or three places; Marston-on-Dove; Hulland Ward; 
near Brook Farm, Cubley. 

T3. Near the Heath End Lodge, Calke, planted, Purchnu, J .B. Repton, 
Burkill <t Candler, C.D. 

Var. (ivuininata (Sm.) Glocer, 1829. 

T3. Near Twyford Ferry; Rei^ton, Old Trent, Nowers. 

S. Caprea L. Goat Willow. Snllon: 

Native. B. Hedges, copses, woods. Frequent. T. March-April. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 



SALICINE.E. 266 

L. Miller's Dale ; Ashwood Dale ; 13ousall, Rogers. Matlock ; Dovedale, 
B. <i} N., J.B. Hartle Dale, Bradwell; Middleton Dale. 

Gl. Common up to 450 yards in Goyt's Clough, Baker, J.B. Mellor, 
Hannan, CD. Near the Snake Inn ; R. Etherow, near Charlesworth ; near 
Crowden Reservoir, Edale. 

G2. Lea Hill, Cromford, Fainter, Natt. Between Hassop and Baslovv ; 
Abney Clough ; Belper. 

C. Kirk Hallam ; Denby ; Smalley ; Brierly "Wood, Unstone ; Totley Moss ; 
by Pebley Pond ; woods near Beauchief Abbey ; Walton Wood ; Newton Wood. 

P. Glapwell ; Markland Grips ; Steetley. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Painter, J.B. Shirley ; Edlaston Coppy ; 
Church Broughton ; Allestree ; Sudbury ; Hilton. 

T2. Risley Park. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burtou-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, 
Be2)t. F. <C- F. 

S. Caprea x cinerea. 

Tl. Both male and female trees at Edlaston Coppy, B.E.C. Eep., 1896, 
528. " It is to be noticed that in S. Caprea and probably the other alternate- 
leaved willows the growing point of the annual shoot perishes instead of closing 
up into a terminal bud ; the growth of the shoot being continued, next season, 
by the last axillary bud," Purchas. 

S. aurita L. 

Native. B. Hedges, lanesides, heaths, copses, woods. Frequent. April- 
May. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Swamps near the Cat & Fiddle Inn, 500 yards. Baker, J.B. Stirrup 
Wood, Charlesworth ; Mellor, Painter, J.B. <& NatK Edale ; Snake Inn ; near 
Wash, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Froggatt ; Barbrook, near Baslow. 

C. Loscoe ; Smalley; Brierley Wood, Unstone; Hardwick Wood; Totley 
Moss. 

Tl. Common in this district. A long styled form occurs in Yeldersley 
Lane, at one time supposed to be a hybrid with Smithiana B.E.C. Bej)., 1888, 
232; 1890, 310; 1891, 346. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, Sept. F. A- F. Egginton 
Common. 

S. aurita x Caprea. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy, B.E.C. Be2)., 1893, 423. 

S. aurita x cinerea. 6'. Ixtesccns Kem. 

G2. Froggatt. 
C. Totley Moss. 

Tl. Marston Montgomery; near Atlow ; Yeldersley Lane, near Shirley, 
B.E.C. Bep., 1890, 311. 

T3. Egginton Common. 



266 



SALICINE.E. 



S. cinerea Sm. 

Native. B. Hedges, copses, woods. Common. T. April-May. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

General throughout the County. " Common up to 500 yards on moor near 
the Cat & Fiddle Inn," Baker, J.B. " Common in woods and hedges up to 300 
yards [Matlock]," B. <i N., J.B. 

S. repens L. CrirphHj WUhir. 

Native. B. Heaths, waysides. Rare. April-May. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

P. Quarry near Markland Grips, Waterfall ! 

Tl. Between Etwall and Spread Eagle Inn, and towards Little Derby, 
and adjoining lanes, plentiful. 

T3. Between Willington and Twyford, Bept. F. d- F. Roadside, Egginton, 
relic of former heath vegetation. 

POPULUS L. 

P. alba L. White Poplar. Abelr. 

Denizen. E. Hedges, woods. Rather rare. T. March-April. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Below Chee Tor, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's Dale,. 
Painter, J.B. d- CD. 

Gl. Mellor, planted, Fl. Ashton. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. 

Tl. Mickleover; Etwall, Bindley. 

T3. Planted about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 
Tanyard Lane, Repton, Bept. F. <(• F. Egginton Common. 

P. Can«SCenS Sm. Grey Poplar. P. alba x treinida. 

Denizen. E. Woods, hedges. Rare. T. March-April. 

First record, Painter, J.B., 1881. 

Gl. Mellor, planted, Fl. Ashton. 

T3. Burton, Hb. Mason ! Bretby, Painter, J.B. 

P. tremula X. Aspen. 

Native. B. Hedges, woods. Frequent. T. March-April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. R. Wye, Miller's Dale, Rogers. Cressbrook Dale, Painter, J.B. Near 
the Doveholes, Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Carsington. 

Gl. Goyt's Clough, 450 yards. Baker, J.B. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Hollin- 
worth Clough ; Edale. 

G2, Shatton ; near Eyam ; Froggatt (var. villosa (Lange) ) ; by the 
Derwent, Hathersage. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall, Breadsall Moor, Crewe & Whittaker. 
Belmont, near Brampton. S. Normanton, Pilkington. 



EMPETRACE^. CERATOPHYLLE^. 267 

Tl. Kedleston, Gibls. Sinfiu Moor ; Church Broughtou ; Cubley Brook ; 
Longford. Markeatoii, Pilkington. 

T2. Wilsthorpe, towards Sawley Junction. 

T3. About Calke, perhaps wild, Purchas, J.B. Eepton Shrubs and Rocks, 
Gibhs. Repton, Bept. F. <(■ F. 

*P. nigra -£• Black Poplnr. 

Alien. Hedges, riversides, plantations. Frequent. T. March. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Wye Valley, up to Ashwood Dale, 300 yards, likely planted. Baker, J. B. 
Planted, woods, Matlock, B. d- N., J.B 
G2. Padley. 

C. The Moss, Mosbrough. 
P. Langwith. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Hatton. 

T3. Planted about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hh. Mason ! Swarkeston, 
Painter, NatK Repton, Bept. F. d- F. 



EMPETRACE/E. 

EMPETRUM L. 

B. nigmm X. Croivberrij. 

Native. SH. Moors, heaths. Locally abundant. S. April. 

First record, Ray. Cat., 1677. Erica baccifera procumbens nigra, C.B. 

Gl. Abundant on Axe Edge, up to the peak, over 550 yards. Baker, J.B. 
Corbar Hill, N.E. Slope, Bogers. Glossop Moors, Painter, J.B. Abundant near 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bot. Guide. Moors beyond Mam Tor and Win Hill, from 
Castleton, Watson's N.B.G. Hayfield, Barrow. Edale ; Hathersage. 

G2. Between Chatsworth and Sheffield, Hb. Bicheno. Tansley Common, 
Crewe & Whittaker. Abney Clough ; Froggatt ; by Hay Wood, Grindleford ; 
under Raven Tor, and near Wrag's Quarry, Beeley ; Dethick Common. 

C. Totley Moss. 

CERATOPHYLLE/E. 

CERATOPHYLLUM L. 

C. demersuin L- Homwort. 

Native. EB. Pools, ponds, slow streams. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

C. Ponds, Sutton Scarsdale. 

Tl. In a pond to the right of the road from Sudbury Station to Sudbury ; 
in a piece of water west of Radbourn. 

T3. Bretby ; Drakelow, N.H. Tutb. A scrap of this plant (labelled Chara 
vulgaris) by Bloxam, from Ticknall Limeworks, Purchas, J.B. R. Trent at 
Burton, Hb. Mason. 



268 HYDROCHARIDE.E. ORCHIDE.E. 

2. Monocotyledon ES. 



HYDROCHARIDE/E. 

ELODEA Mahx. 

E. canadensis M'uhx. CanudKin Wnt'i- Tlujinr. Anadmrh Ahhuo'tniin Bab. 

Colonist. Rivers, cauals, brooks, i^ools. Frequent. P. Jnly-Sept. 

First noticed, 1849, Chest. S.N.Sc, 1885, 125 sqq. ; tirst record, Creive d 
Whittaker, 1864. 

L. Matlock Bath, Mogers. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Cromford Reservoirs ; canal at Whatstandwell, B. 4'- N., J.B. 

C. Renishaw Canal ; Pebley Pond ; canal, Killamarsh ; Alfreton. 

P. Lang with. 

Tl. Findern ; Markeaton, Painter, Natt. Shirley Brook ; canal below 
Osmaston. 

T2. Railway pits, Breadsall ; Morley, Crewe d- Whittaker. Sandiacre ; 
Sawley. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, 
Sept. F. -(■ F. 



ORCHIDE/E. 

NBOTTIA L. 

N. Nidus-avis L- BircVs-m-st Orchis. 

Native. BE. Limestone woods, and occasionally in rocky woods elsewhere. 
Rather rare. P. May-June. 

First found, Salt, 1802 ; first record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Lathkil Dale ; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. In the woods near Mr. Arkwright's 
grounds and Matlock Bath, Glover. 

Gl. Wood on the left bank of the Etherow, near Mottram, si^aringly, 
Buxton's B.G. 

G2. Woods by Black Rocks, Cromford, Crewe rl- Whittaker. 

C. Meersbrook, Hh. Salt. Mr. Gibbs opines this to have been probably a 
garden specimen. 

Tl. Wyastou Brook, Smith MSS. 

T3. Repton Shrubs, Bept. F. .£- F. 



ORCHIDE^. 269 

LISTERA H. Br. 

L. COrdata R.Br. D'sscr T>ra>j-bhnh'. 

Native. SH. Among heather on damp moorland. Very rare. P. June- 
Aug. 

Fii'st record, Bay. Cat., 1677. BifoUum 7nini)nurn J.B. Ophris in'udina 
C.B. " On several moors and heaths in Derbyshire." 

Gl. Kinderscout, Bot. Guide. 

G2. Gathered on the high moors about 5 miles S.W. of Sheffield, Hb. 
Salt. On the high moor between Sheffield and Chatsworth, Pilkingfon. Bee ton 
Eod, Hassop, Gem of the Peak. 

L. OVata B.Br. Ttnnj-hhidc. 

Native. B. Woods, damp banks and waysides. Common. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Ophrys ovata. 

In all the districts, generally distributed. " Woods over Burbage, 400 
yards," Baker, J.B. Chee Dale. 300 yards, West, J.B. 

SPIRANTHBS Bk-h. 
S. autumnalis R'ch. Indies r/r.>.«'.s. 

Native. E. Pastures on limestone or gravel. Very rare. P. Aug-Sept. 
First record, Gisbome, 1790-1795. Ophrys spiralis. 

L. Dovedale, Smith MSS. Matlock, Gisbome. Bonsall, Creive d- Whittaker. 
Tl. On the turf between the New Lake, Osmastou Manor, and the fences 
above, Smith MSS. 

T3. Kepton, Bept. F. ^f- F. 

, CEPHALANTHBRA Bich. 

C. pallens B'ich. Whltr Hdleborme. C. (ir(md\fl<mi Bab. Top. Bot. 38C. 
Native. E. Woods, generally on limestone. Very rare. P. June. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. Serapias longifoUa. 
C. Newton Wood, Pilkington. 

[C. ensifolia Bich. 

Tl. Markeatou, Glover.'^ 

BPIPACTIS Adan^. 

E. latifolia All, HrUvhoriw. 

Native. BE. Shady parts of woods, copses. Local. P. End of July-Aug. 

First record, Withering, 1787. 

L. Matlock Tor, Matlock Bath ; Via Gellia, Bogers. Cromford ; Cress- 
brook Dale; Bradwell, Painter, J.B. i(- Natt. Dovedale; Brassington Rocks, 
Purchas. Woodland N.W. of Wensley, on shale. 

G2. Chatsworth, Harris, CD. Crich, Noivers. Lindup Wood, opposite 
Beeley ; west of Kirk Ireton ; quarry, Fallgate, Ashover. 

C. By upper pool, Birley Hay, Ford;. lane east side of Stubbing Court. 



270 ORCHlDEiE. 

Tl. Osmastou-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Radbouru, Bindley. Peathays, 
Shirley; Edlaston Coppy; wood at the Knowl, Bradley. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, CD. The roadside next Locko Park, to the 
left from Spondon, Smith MSS. Spondon, Hasse, CD. 

T3. Woody places at Calke, subject to doubt as to whether the name of 
latifolia or media should be employed, Pwrchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Repton 
Shrubs, Wild Ft. Bept. 

The limestone plant should perhaps be varietally distinguished from the 
type, as it in some features approaches E. atrorubens, see Purchas, J.B., 
1885, 201. 

E. atroviridis nor. sp. 

Native. EG. In woods and copses, mostly on the coal measures. Rare. 
P. Aug. 

First record, The Flora. 

G2. By Bar Brook, above Baslow, Linton. "Woods in Chatsworth Park ; 
woods below Ashover Hay. 

C. Newbold ; Sutton Wood, Drabble. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton; 
Monk's Wood, near Sheepbridge ; wood by Pebley Pond. 

This plant is in some respects intermediate between E. latifolia and E. 
atrorubens. It has the broad rounded leaves of the former but rather more 
numerous lanceolate leaves between the lower leaves and the flowering spike ; 
the label is furnished with two side hunches and one median linear hunch 
descending lower than the side ones ; in size and robustness it is like E. 
latifolia, its flowers are not rose coloured or not so much so as in E. atrorubens. 
E. media of Bab. Man. is considered by J. Freyn (B. E.G. Bep., 1897) to be 
merely a form of E. latifolia, which view is held also by Rev. W. H. Purchas 
(J.B., 1885, 201), " the larger and more general plant which Prof. Babington 
pointed out to me as his E. medis, but which better answers to his description 
of E. latifolia." E. media, Bab. Man., 1874; Watson, Cyb. BHt., 1847. 

EXPLANATION OF PLATE— 1. Fig. of E. atroviridis, life size. 2. Front 
and side view of label, showing the hunches, slightly enlarged. 

E. atrorubens Schultz. E, ovalis Bab. E. media Fr. ? 

Native. I ? Open or bushy places on limestone hills and slopes. Rare, 
plentiful locally. P. July-August. 

First record, B.E.C Bep. for 1898, 1899. 

L. Heights of Abraham, Matlock, Hb. Mason I Longstone Edge, nearly 
400 yards, abundant ; Cressbrook Dale, on the open hillside, 1896. 

E. palustris Crautz. Marsh Helhhorinc. 

Native. EB. Marshes, boggy places in woodland. Local and rare. P. 
July-August. 

First record, Pillington, 1789. Serapias latifolia. 

L. Matlock, Pilkington. Woodeaves, near Ashbourne, Glover. 



ORCHIDEiE. 271 

G2. Bramley and Hassop, Gem of the Peak. I could not find this in 
Bramley Dale. 

C. Newton Wood, Filkington. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood, abundant in one place. 



ORCHIS L. 
O. pyramidalis i. 

Native. GE. Limestone slopes, dry calcareous banks. Local. P. Jiine- 
August. 

First record, Filkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath ; Dovedale, Painter, J.B. Monsal Dale, Wliittaker, CD. 
Via Gellia; near Hipley Toll Bar, Purchas, J.B. (C- Cat. Below Alport, Watson's 
N.B.G. Bonsall, Crewe <(■ Whittaker. Cressbrook Dale; Longstone Edge, over 
350 yards. 

C. Newton Wood, Pilkington, 

P. Cresswell, Painter, Natt. Markland Grips. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

O. ustulata L. 

Native. GE. Limestone pastures, dry banks. Very rare. P. June-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Near Ashwood Dale, Buxton, Jewitt. Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. ! Top 
of Masson Hill, between Matlock Bath and Bonsall, Glover. 
C. Alfreton ; S. Normanton, Pilkington. 

O. Morio I'. Green- tcinged Orchis. 

Native. E. Meadows, pastures. Frequent. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Miller's Dale, Hagger, CD. Dovedale, 
Phyt. N.S., 1858, 538. Buxton, about Ashwood Dale, Jewitt. 

G2. Crich, Pilkington. 

C. About Eenishaw, Waterfall. 

Tl. Normanton ; Mickleover, Painter, J.B. d- Nat^. Littleover, Bindley. 
Copse Hill, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Shirley ; fields, Yeldersley ; 
between Rodsley and Alkmonton; near Hollington, Longford. 

T2. Ockbrook, Basse, CD. Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. Morley, 
Painter, J.B. 

T3. Near Calke Mill and Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Will- 
ington Pits, Bagger, CD. Aboiit Burton-on-Trent, Paiyiter, J.B. Hartshorn, 
N.B. Tiitb. Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

O. maSCUla L. Early Purple Orchis. 

Native. B. Banks in woods, copses. Frequent. P. May-June. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 



272 ORCHIDE^. 

L. Wormhill, 350-400 yards, West, J.B. Miller's Dale, The Naturalist. 
Dovedale, common, Purchas, J.B. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Via Gellia, Gibbs. 
Matlock, Stevens. Cromford, Bindley. Lathkil Dale ; Bradwell, Painter, NatK 
Great Rocks Dale ; Back Dale, near Hindlow ; Monk's Dale ; Ashford ; Cress- 
brook ; Litton. 

Gl. Stirrup. Fl. Ashton. Road west of Chapel, Pliijt. N.S. ii., 482. 

G2. Crich, Pilkington. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Wood, near Heeley, The Naturalist. 
Near Dale, Hassc, CD. Horsley, Pilkington. 

P. Markland Grips, Waterfall. Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Wyaston, Smith MSS. Edlaston, Miss Sandford. Radbourn ; Nor- 
manton. Painter, Natt. <£• CD. Between Yeaveley and Snelston, A. Linton. 
Copses east of Alkmonton. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Breadsall Meadow, near the Priory, Glover. 

T3. Scarce about Calke, Purchas, J.B. Parson's Hills, Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bejit. 

O. latifolia l. Marsh Orchh. 

Native. B. Marshes, bogs. Local and rare. P. June-Jul3\ 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale, Painter, J.B. Opposite the Fishponds, Ashford, on the 
Buxton Road, Miss Fenton. 

Gl. Between Chapel and Whaley Bridge, Barrow {June 7, 1869), in Hb. 
Bailey ! This is the plant commonly called 0. incarnata by British authors, but 
is not that of Linnaeus. 

C. Totley Moss. 

P. Pleasley, Pilkington. 

T2. In a small meadow near the cold bath at the Priory, Breadsall, Glover. 

T3. One specimen seen at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Parson's Hills, Repton, 
Wild Fl. Rept. 

O. maCUlata /-. Spotted Orchh. 

Native. B. Damp waysides, heaths, marshes, meadows. Common and 
abundant everywhere. P. May- July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Varies in colour of the flowers, shape of the lip and spotting of the leaves. 

Subsi). ericetorum Linton. Flora of Bournemouth, 208. 

Gl. Near the Grouse Inn, between Little Hayfield and Glossoi). 

OPHRYS L. 

O. apifera Huds. Bee Orchis. 

Native. EG. Limestone dales, sand, clay bank's. Rare. P. July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monsal Dale; Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Masson Hill, Gisborne. 
Between Matlock and Carsiugton, Smith MSS. Bradwell Dale, Emmet. Long- 
stone Edge, Linton. 



ORCHIDE.E. 



278 



p. Belph Moor, Whitwell. 

T2. One plant only, near Trent College, Tre)it, CM. 

T3. Not found by either Mr. Bloxam or myself, but I have learned on 
sufficient authority that it has latterly been met with in this neighbourhood 
[Calke], Purchas, J.B. 

O. mUSCifera H^dx. Fhj Orchid. 

Native. EG. Bushy places on limestone. Local and rare. P. .June-July. 

First records, Gisborne, 1793 ; Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Monsal Dale, Crewe £• Whittaker. Via Gellia, Smith MSS. Matlock 
Bath, Painter, J.B. Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Near Hartingtou, Fyldes. 
Longstone Edge, Miss Fenton. 

P. Marklaud Grips, near Clowne, Waterfall, CD. 



HABENARIA mud. 

H. COnopsea Brnth. Fraftmut Orchis. 

Native. B. Limestone dales, marly banks, meadows. Rather rare. P. 
June-July. 

First record, Pilkiiigton, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, Wormhill, 350 yards. West, J.B. Near Ashwood Dale, 
Green, CD. Bradwell ; Cressbrook Dale ; Masson, Matlock Bath, Painter, 
Nat*. & J.B. Lathkil Dale, Smith MSS. Via Gellia, sometimes with white 
flowers; near Grange Mill, Purchas. Litton; Longstone Edge. 

Gl. Hayfield, Fl. Ashton. E. Sett, Linton. Near Westend Farm, Gihhs. 

C. Newton Wood. 

P. Markland Grips ; Scarcliffe Park Wood. Pleasley, Pilkington. 

Tl. Near Osmaston Church, Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 

T2. On the way to Dale from the Ridings, and on both sides of the brook 
in a moist meadow [Ockbrook], Smit}i MSS. 

"FT . albida RBv. Gymnadoi'ia alhlda Rich. 

Native. S. Hilly pastures. Very rare. P. June-Aug. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Near Glossop, Whitelegg, CD. It occurs on the Cheshire side near 
Goyt's Bridge, Ley. 

H. viridis R.Br, Frog Orchis. Coeloglossum riride Hart. 

Native. BS. Pastures, downs, especially on limestone. Local. P. June- 
Aug. 

First records, Gisborne, 1793; Bot, Guide, 1805. 

L. Diamond Hill. Buxton, Bogers. Matlock Bath, Painter, J.B. Pastures 
near Ripley Toll-bar, between Parwich and Brassington, Purchas, J.B. Bole 
Hills, Bakewell, Crewe d Whittaker. Longstone Moor ; Bradwell ; High Rake, 
Great Hucklow ; near Blackwell Mill, Chee Dale ; Back Dale, Hindlow. 

T 



274 



OKCHIDE.E. 



Gl. Hay field ; Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton, From the ueighboiir- 
hood of Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bot. Guide. Near Ashopton Inn. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gihhs. Whatstandwell, Painter, NatK Stanton, N. H. 
Tutb. Eyam Moor. 

P. Whitwell Wood, Friend. Belph Moor. 

Tl. Yeldersley, Miss Wright. 

T2. Meadow N. of brook below Spondon Fields, Smith MSS. Ockbrook, 
Basse, CD. 

T3. Meadows at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Foremark, Painter, 
J.B. Repton, Eept. F. £ F. 



H. bifolia li.Br. Butterfli/ Orchi.s. 

Native. B. Woodland, heaths, meadows. Rare. P. June-July. 

First records, for the aggregate, Gisborne, 1790-95 ; Glover, 1829 ; for the 
segregate, Top. Bot., 1874, & 1883, 390. 

L. Buxton, Buxton G-uide. Between Ashbourne and Woodeaves, Glover. 

Gl. Newfields near Chapel, going down to the brook on the left, Gisborne. 

C. Ferriby Brook, Morley, one specimen, Whittaker, CD. Meadows near 
Dale, Hasse, CD. 

T3. Milton, Bept. F. d F. 

N.B. — None of the above are certainly H. eu-bifoUa ; the entry in Tojd. Bot., 
however, evidences its occurrence in the Coiinty. 



H. chloroleuca Ridley. Bittterflu Orchis. H. cMorantha Bab. 

Native. B. Bushy places, meadows, woods. Rather rare. P. June-July. 

First record, Smith MSS., 1854-1870. 

L. Lathkil Dale ; Matlock Bath, Whitelcgg, CD. Dovedale, Smith MSS. 
Between Thorpe and Mappleton, Purchas, J.B. Bradwell, Emmet. 

Gl. Near the Powder Mills, Fernilee, Barker. Stirrup ; Charlesworth 
Coombs, Fl. Ashton. Near Westend Farm, Gibbs. Combes Moss, Linton. 

G2. Froggatt Edge, Gibbs. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, and meadows throughout the district, Smith 
MSS. Snelston Park; between Edlaston and Cubley, Miss Sandford. Shirley, 
in meadows near the wood. 

T3. Calke district, "ZT. bifolia in Bloxam's collection seems to be rather 
H. chlorantha," Purchas, J.B. 



[Cypripedium Calceolus L. Lady\s Slipper. 

L. Formerly found on the Heights of Abraham but long since extirpated, 
Crewe <(: Whittaker.'\ 



IRIDE.E. AMAEYLLIDE.E. 275 

IRIDE^E. 

IRIS L. 
[I. fcBtidissima Z. Alien > E. 

L. Near Willersley Park, N. H. Txtb.] 

I. PseudaCOrUS ^- Yellow iris. 

Native. B. Mai'shes, river-sides. Frequent. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

The usual form of this species is the J. acoriformis Bor. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Mill pool N.E. of Fritchley. Tibshilf; 
Pinxton, Pilkington. 

Tl. Low wet meadows and margins of j^ools and streams [Osmaston-by- 
Ashbourne neighbourhood]. Smith, MSS. Near Clifton, Purchas. Findern, 
Fainter, NatK Shirley, J.B., 1888, 331. 

T2. Meadows by R. Derwent, Breadsall, Crewe tH WhittaJcer. Osmaston- 
by-Uerby, Painter, J.B. Canal-side near Chellaston ; Sawley. 

T3. Pond-side at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burtou-on-Trent ; Willington, 
Painter, J.B. .(• Natt. Repton, by the Trent, Wild Fl. Bept. 

CROCUS X. 
C. nudiflorus Sm. 

Denizen. I. Meadows, damp pastures. Rare. P. Oct. 
First record, Withering, 1787. C. sativas. 

G2. Duffield, near the banks of the Derwent, Pilkington, 1789 {C. offi- 
cinalis). By the Derwent, near Derby, Wliittaker, Phyt. 
Tl. Holmes and Siddals near Derby, Pilkington. 
T3. Meadows by the Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



AMARYLLIDE/E. 

NARCISSUS L. 
N. Pseudo- narcissus L. T><tffodU. 

Native. E. Woods, copses, pastures. Locally abundant. P. March-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Woods near Matlock Bridge, Stevens. Cromford, CD. 

Gl. Valley of the Goyt, Green, CD. Field near a farmhouse at Tunstead 
Milton, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. 

G2. Alderwasley, Gibbs. Whatstandwell, Painter, J.B. Woods, Rowsley, 
Miss Fenton. Covers a whole meadow on the banks of the Derwent near Lea 
Wood, Pilkington. 



276 AMARYLLIDE.E. DIOSCORE^. 

C. Horsley Castle ; woods, Coxbench, Whittaker, Phyt. 

P. Scarcliffe Woods, Waterfall. 

Tl. Bradley, Appleby. Near Mercaston Hall, Brailsford ; about Nether 
Biggin. 

T2. Fields between Borrowash and Draycott, abundantly. Smith MSB, 
Spondon, Smith, CD. Breadsall Meadow, Pilkington. 

T3. Calke Park [Bloxam), now I believe it to be long extinct, Purchas, J.B. 
Drakelow, Hb. Mason/ By the Old Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. Bejit. Swarkeston 
Meadows, Bloxam. 

*N. biflorus Curt. 

Alien. Meadows. Very rare. P. April-May. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 18^7. 

L. Starkholmes, Matlock Bath, Bowland, CD. Matlock, Hb. Mason. 

C. Heanor, Watson's N.B.G. 

*N. poeticus X. 

Alien. Very rare. P. April-May. 
Tl. Kedlestou, Painter, J.B. 



GALANTHUS L. 

G. nivalis L. Snowdrop. 

Denizen. Fields, banks, plantations, in many places now quite wild. 
Frequent. P. End of Feb.-April. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Matlock, Stevens. 

G2. Cromford, Gibbs. In a meadow near Duffield ; at Kirk Ireton, Glover. 

C. Coldwell Valley, near Holmesfield, Drabble. 

Tl. Near New Inn, Edlaston, towards Osmaston, Miss Sandford. Shirley 
Common ; about Nether Biggin. 

T2. Morley ; Elvaston, Prtiw/pr, /.B. Breadsall Meadow, G/orpc. Ockbrook, 
Smith MSS. 

T3. Drakelow, Nowers. By the Old Trent, Wild Fl. Bept. Tau-yard, 
Eepton. 



DIOSCORE/E. 

TAMUS L. 

T. communis L. Blnck Bnjomj. 

Native. E. Hedges, copses, woods. Common. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Abundant; in all the districts. "Limestone woods [about Matlock] up to 
250 yards," B. ,(■ N., J.B. 



LILIACE.E. 277 

LILIACE/t. 

RUSCUS L. 

*R, aculeatus L. £i<tc/i/i's Broom. 

Alien, often planted. 
T3. Croxall, .Vowers. 

POLYGONATUM Adnns. 

P. multiflorum -m- Solomon's Seal. 

Denizen? EG. Woods, dales. Ears. P. May-June. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Woods opposite Matlock Bath, Glover. Via Gellia ; near Cromford, 
Crewe d: Whittaker. 

G2. Duffield, Stevens. 

P. Pleasley Park, Pilkmgton. 

T3. Naturalised in woods near Foremark Hall, N.H. Tilth. 

p. officinale A^l 

Native. E. Wooded limestone cliffs. Very rare. P. May-June. 

First record, Top. Bot'., Ley MS. 1873; also Purchas, B.E.C. Eejh, 1881, 57. 

L. Dovedale, Piirchas, I.e. 

CONVALLARIA l. 

C majalis -^- LUy-of-the- Valley. 

Native. GB. Woods, bushy places on hills, limestone dales. Locally 
abundant. P. May- June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Dovedale, Piirchas. Abundant on the slopes of the Via Gellia, B. <i; N., 
J.B. High Tor, Stevens. Lathkil Dale; Monsal Dale ; Bakewell, Painter, 
J.B. (& Natt. Great Shacklow Wood ; Brassington Eocks, scarce. 

P. Cresswell, Painter, Nat*^. 

T2. Wood between Bartlewood Farm and Dale, Smith MSS. 

T3. Anchor Church, Wild Fl. Bept. 

ALLIUM Z. 

A. vineale T.. Crou- Garlic 

Native. EB. Cliffs, banks, walls. Local. P. June- July. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

P. Near Magnesium Works, Streetly, Friend. 

Var. hulbiferum Syme. 

L. Tideswell Dale. 

C. Side of Field, Barlow Lees, Gihhs. 



278 LILIAOEiE. 

Var. compact II iH (Thviill). 

L. High Tor, Matlock Bath, Phijt. N.S., 1858, 556. Bakewell, Hb. Salt. 
Dovedale, Purchas. Castleton, Painter, J.B. 

G2. Calver (Cover), Hh. Salt. Ashover, Glover. 

T2. Morley, Whitaker, CD. Breadsall, Glover. Meadows by the river- 
side at Sawley, Smith MSS. 

T3. Between Stapenhill and Canldwell, N.H. Tilth. 



A. oleraceum L- Field Garlic. Wild Onion. 

Native. GE. Limestone cliffs, field borders, bushy slopes. Rare. P. 
July-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. In the cliffs of the rocks, Dovedale, 1100 ft., Purchas, J.B. The Wiii- 
uatts ; Conies Dale, over 400 yards ; Great Rocks Dale. 

T2. Canal path between Sandiacre and Long Eaton. 

T3. Near Repton, Hugger, CD. Near Ingleby and Knowl Hills, Rept. 
F. <i F. 



[A. Schoenoprasum />. Native ? 

Top. Bot. " insufficiently recorded." 

L. Once seen at Winster, Milnes, CD.] 



A. ursinum /- Ramnons. 

Native. BE. Hedge-banks, brook-sides, woods. Locally abundant. P. 
May- June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Bath, Bowland, CD. Dovedale, Purchas, .J.B. Buxton, Bux- 
ton Guide. Fenny Bentley, Carr. Haddon, Bindley. 

G2. Grindleford; Hathersage, Painter, NatK Cromford, Gibhs. Ireton, 
Gisborne. Lindup Wood, near Chatsworth; Ecclesbourn Brook. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Woods between Norton and Eckington, 
The Naturalist. Near Nether Loads ; Linacre Wood, Brampton ; Newton Wood ; 
Barlborough. 

P. Whitwell Wood; Cresswell Crags; Markland Grips, The Naturalist. 
Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne neighbourhood, Smith MSS. Dalbury, Glover 
Near the Derwent, Allestree Park ; Yeaveley ; Edlaston ; Cubley ; Corley, near 
Bradley. Longford long lane, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall; Dale Abbey Woods, Painter. J.B. Darley near Derby in 
an island in the Derwent, Pilkington. 

T3. Bank of brook at Heath End, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. 
Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton Shrubs, Wild Fl. Bept. 



279 



SCILLA L. 



S. festalis Salisb. BlnrbrU, S. niitrois L. Eii'ltjmion ivitans Dum. Hi/arin'hiis 

nonscripfKs L. 

Native. B. Woods, hedge-banks. Common. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. "Woods at Matlock up to 300 yards," 5. <{■ N., J.B. 
Over 300 yards near the Snake Inn. White-flowered plants occur here and 
there, as at Shirley. 



ORNITHOGALUM L. 

'O. nutans -^. Star of Bfthlehnn. Alien. 
T2. Meadows near Derby, Sm. Engl. Fl. 

*0, umbellatum -£• f>(("' of Bethlekehi. 

Alien. Pastures, meadows. Rare. P. May. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 
L. Near Haddon Hall, Scrimshaw, CD. 
Tl. In the Holmes, Derby, Glover. 



TULIPA L. 
*T. silvestris L. wud TuUp. 

Alien. Old pastures, near streams. Very rare. P. April-May. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 

Tl. Kedleston, remains of former cultivation, Wldtaker. Phyt. In the 
Holmes, Derby, Glover. Naturalised near Sudbury Hall, N.H. Tutb, 
T2. Banks of the Derwent, Watson's N.B.G. 



GAGBA Srdisb. 

G. fascicularis Salisb. Yellox- Sfar of Bethlehem. G. Intca Ker. 

Native. IB. Woods, copses. Local and rare. P. Mar.-April. 

First record, Withering, 1787. Ornithogaluni luteum. 

L. Near Bonsall Church, Rowland, CD. Meadow Place Wood, near 
Youlgreave, Watson's N.B.G. Lathkil Dale, on the right bank of river between 
Conksbury Bridge and the bend in the Dale ; Bradford Valley, Carr. Brassing- 
ton Rocks, Gibbs. Wood above Cawdor Rocks, Matlock Bridge, Stevens. 
Cressbrook, Hill. 

C. Parkhall Woods, Pilkington. Field above the Bridge at Beighton, 
Sb. Salt. By R. Erewash, near Langley Mill, Smith MSS. 

Tl. Meadow adjoining to the Copper Mills, Derby, Pilkington. 



280 liliacejE. 

COLCHICUM L. 

C. autumnale T. Autumn CrocitH. Meadow Saffron. 

Native. E, Meadows, damp pastures, woods. Loca], P. Aug. -Sept. 

First record, Withering, 1787. 

G2. lu the pastures betwixt Duffield and Burley, FUkington. 

Tl. Cubley, Goodall. Between Marston Montgomery and Doveridge, 
Smith MSS. 

T2. Morley, Painter, J.B. Plentiful in some sjDots near the Derwent, 
above Derby, N.H. Tutb. Breadsall, Pillington. 

T3. Meadows at Swarkeston and Ingleby, Purchas, J.B. Foremark 
Meadows, Painter, J.B. Meadows by the Trent at Anchor Church, Bept. 
F. <i- F. 

NARTHECIUM Mochr. 

N. Ossifragura Hads. Bog Asphodel. 

Native. B. Bogs, marshes. Locally plentiful. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Bogers. Near Fernilee Hamlet, in a wet place at the side 
of Buxton New Road, Barker. Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. Near Malcoff, Chapel- 
en-le-Prith; Bamford Moor; swamp between Moscar House and the road to 
Strines. 

G2. East Moor, Scrimshaw, CD. Abundant in bogs near Ringinglow, 
Dore, and Owler Bar, The Naturalist. Tausley Moor, Stevens. Near Hathersage, 
Booths ; Salter Sich and other places near the Peacock Inn ; Harland Edge, 
and Hipper Sich, near Beeley. Dethick, Pilkington. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

PARIS X. 
P. quadrifolia i. Il<ih P(i>i'<. 

Native. BE. Woods. Local. P. May-June. 

First record. Withering, 1787. 

L. Buxton, Buxton Guide. Matlock Bath; Via Gellia, Paitit(r, J.B. 
Taddington Dale, Gem of the Peak. Dovedale, scarce, Purchax, J V, Monsal 
Dale, Jewitt. 

Gl. Near Mellor, Buxton's B.G. 

C. Newton Wood ; Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Small wood near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Shirley Wood, Smith, MSS. Copses east of Alkmonton. In Longford 
long lane; in a pit near Dalbury Lees, Pilkington. Darley, near Derby, Glover. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Spondon, and near Dale, Basse, CD. 

T3. Brian's Copse, near Ticknall ; also found by Mr. Bloxam in Calke 
Park, but no longer seen there, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Repton Rocks, 
Linton. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 



JUNCACE.E. 281 

JUNCACE/E. 

JUNCUS L. 

J. bufonius L. Toad Rush. 

Native. B. Moist places by roads, pouds, on moors, and iu woods. 
Common. A. July-Sept. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed and plentiful. " Common up to 500 j'ards," Baker, J.B. 

J. SquarrOSUS -t. Sfath Rmh. 

Native. B. Heaths and heathland. Locally abundant. P. June-Aug. 

First noted, Hb. Salt, 1800 (?) ; record. Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Ascends to peak of Axe Edge, over 550 yards, Baker, J.B. Corbar 
Hill ; Diamond Hill, Rogers. Valley of the Goyt, CD. Charlesworth Coombs ; 
Kinderscout, Fl. Asltton. Chinley ; Rushup Edge ; near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. d- N., J.B. Moors west of Dore, Hb. Salt. Wirks- 
worth, Painter, Nat^. Whatstandwell, Bindley. East of Bradwell ; Froggatt ; 
near Chatsworth. 

Tl. Hiilland Moss; near Bradley Wood; Slack Lane to Muggiutou. 

T3. Bog at Repton Rocks, Pnrchas, J.B. Calke, Bloxam. Gresley, 
Painter, J.B. 

J. compressus Jncq- 

Native. B. Marshy margins of jdooIs, wet meadows. Very rare. P. 
■J una- July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

G2. Cromford Moor, Phyt. N.S., 1858, 612. 

T2. Ockbrook [J. coenosus Sm., J. Gerardi Lois.], Smith MSS. Little 
Chester, near Derby, Glover. 

J. glaUCUS Leers. 

Native. EB. Meadows, damp way-sides, marshy places. Common. P. 
July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

" Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

J. eflFusus L. 

Native. B. Way-sides, meadows, ditches, marshes. Common. P. July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
"Common up to 550 yards," Baker, J.B. 

J, eflPuSUS X glaUCUS. J- difftmis Hoppe. 

Native, with the parents. E. Rather rare. P. July. 

First noted. Smith MSS., 1881; record, Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 108. 

G2. Canal between Ambergate and Whatstandwell, Bailey. 



282 JUNCACE;^. 

Tl. Shirley Brook, between the bridge and the smithy ; near Ketcham's 
Inn, towards Sturston. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. Calke Park, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! 



J- COnglomeratuS L. Commo)i Rush. 

Native. B. Marshes, heaths, ditches, wet places. Common. P. July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Up to 250 yards," Baker, J.B. On Win Hill, 
at 500 yards. 



J, SUpinUS Jfoeuch. J. ulu/iHosus Roth. 

Native. B. Moist places, ditch-sides, bogs. Common. P. July-Aug. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. J. bulbosiis. 

" Moorland swamps of Goyt's Clough and Axe Edge, up to 500 yards," 
Baker, J.B. 

Var. KocJi'ii Bab. Frequent. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn, and by Stanage Edge. 

C. Birleyhay, near Ford. 

Tl. Bog below Bradley Wood; HuUand Moss, J.B., 1888, 331. 



J. obtusiflorus FJirh. Top Bot., "Hewitt cat." 

Native. E. Peaty bogs, marshes. Rare. P. July-Sept. 
First record, N.H. Tilth., 1863. 

P. Near the Walls, Whitwell ; Scarcliffe Park Wood. 
Tl. Scropton, N.H. Tilth. Shirley, CD. 

T3. Burton, Hb. Mason! Ciuldwell, N.H. Tuth. (Southwood, just over 
the border, in Leicestershire.) 

J. lamprocarpus £hrh. 

Native. B. Meadows, marshes, ditches. Common. P. July-Sept. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. J. articulatus. 
"Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

J. aCUtiflorUS t:hrh. J. siU-atieus Reichb. 

Native. B. Meadows, marshes, damp way-sides. P. Common. July-Aug. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed and often very abundant. Up to 350 yards near Bam- 
foi'd, and nearly 400 yards on White Edge Moss, Grindleford. 



JUNCACE^. 283 

LUZULA IX'. 
Li. vernalis i^c. SihhII ifooiI RkxIi. l. piiosn Willd. 

Native. B. Woods, thickets. Frequent. P. April-May. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Dovedale, Piirchas. Monsal Dale; Chee Dale; Wensley. 

G2, In Corbar Wood, and up to .550 yards on Axe Edge, Rogers, J.B. 
Lud worth. Whitehead, CD. Near the Snake Inn, about 400 yards ; Derwent 
Moor ; Edale ; Ashopton. 

G2. Lea Hill, Cromford ; Whatstandwell, Painter, NatK Eyam Moor; 
Shatton ; near Grindleford Bridge ; White Edge, Froggatt ; Handley Wood, 
Shottle. 

C. Millhouses ; near Norton, The Naturalist. Hardwick Wood; Newton 
Wood. 

P. Whitwell Wood. 

Tl. Copse Hill, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Shirley Wood ; 
Edlaston ; Abbott's Clowne Holme. 

T3. About Calke, Piirchas, -I.E. Bretby Wood, Harris, CD. Repton 
Shrubs, Wild Fl. Bejit. 

Li. ma.yimq. I)C. Great Wood Riisli. L. sUrafica Gaud. .Tiniois si/rriticiis 

Huds. 

Native. B. Woods, copses, mountain doughs. Local. P. May-June. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Dovedale, Painter, Natt. 

Gl. Goyt's Clough, 400 yards, Baker, J.B. Charlesworth, Whitehead, CD. 
Mellor, Painter, J.B. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Bogers. Near the Snake Inn ; Edale ; 
Back Tor ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Rowsley, Hagger, CD. Black Rocks, Cromford, Nowers. Abney 
Clough; by the Derwent, below Mytham Bridge; Bar Brook, above Baslow; 
Handley Wood, Shottle. 

C. Quarry Dam, Parkhall Woods. Painter, Natt. Millhouses, The 
Naturalist. Wilday Green, Barlow; woods N.E. of Coal Aston; near Beauchief 
Abbey ; Linacre Wood ; Millthorpe, Holmesfield ; Hardwick Wood. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy. 

T2. Dale Abbey Woods, Painter, NatK 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Drakelow ; Repton Shrubs, Painter, J.B. Anchor 
Church, Wild Fl. Bept. 

L. campestris l>c. Field Tf'ood Rush. 

Native. B. Pastures, waysides, heaths. Common. P. April-May; 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Jinicus campestris. 

Widely prevalent and abundant. 
Li. erecta Desv. L. nmlti flora Lej. 

Native. B. Heathlands, commons, moors, waysides. Frequent. P. May- 
Jime. 



284 JUNCACE.E. TYPHACE.E. 

First record, Top. Bot., 1883. 
L. Lover's Leap, Rogers. Great Rocks Dale. 

Gl. Ascends to peak of Axe Edge, over .5.50 yards. Baker, J.B. Combes 
Moss ; Edale ; Ashopton. 

G'2. Tausley Moor, B. (C N., J.B. Ashover Hay. 

C. Moors near Sheffield [in Derbs.], Gibbs. 

Tl. Shirley. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Gibbs. Willington, Hh. Meson ! 

Var. coiif/rsfa Koch. 

Gl. Axe Edge; Corbar Hill, Boilers, B.L. Bcc, 1884-6, 108. Combes 
Moss, Waterfall. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. d N., J.B. 

C. Horsley Car, Painter, J.B. 

Tl. Shirley. 

T8. Calke, Bloxam. Bnrton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton Shrubs, CD. 



TYPHACE/E. 

TYPHA X. 



T. latifolia l. Heed Mmc 



Native. BE. Pools, marshes, canals. Local. P. June-July. 

First found, Salt, 1799; first record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. R. Etherow, Hannan, CD. By a mill on the Jilack Brook, below 
Chinley. 

G2. Pond in Hassop Park. 

C. Norton, Hb. Salt. Loscoe ; between Barlow Lees and Dronfield ; canal 
near Shipley Gate ; New Stanton ; Pebley Pond ; Hardwick, Duck Decoy ; Great 
Pond, Wingerworth. 

P. Near Glapwell Station ; Scarclifte Park Wood. 

Tl. Ditches and ponds [Osmaston], Smith MSS. Sudbury, Gibbs. Dove- 
ridge ; marsh below Findern ; between Brailsford and Brailsford Park Farm ; 
Meynell Langley. 

T2. Breadsall ; Bodeu's Ponds, Morley, Crewe '('■ Whittaker. Canal-side 
near Chellaston. 

T3. Ponds at Calke, Pitrchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent ; Willington, Painter, 
J.B. ,0 CD. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

T. angustifolia L- 

Native. E. Pools, river-sides. Rare. P. June-July. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 
P. Pond, Glapwell Woods. 



TYPHACEiE. AROIDE^. 285 

Tl. By the railway between Eggintou and Uttoxeter, Pio-cJias. Large 
pool by the railway below Finderu. 

T2. Morley, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Archer's Pool, near White Hollows, Purchas, J.B. Poud below Fore- 
mark Park, Bloxam. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

SPARGANIUM L. 

S. ramOSUm Hi(ds. Greot Bur Rri'd. 

Native. B. Rivers, pools, canals, ditches. Common. P. June-July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Locally abundant and generally distributed. "Ponds up to 400 yards," 
Baker, J.B. 

Var. it)h'rocarpn)n Neuman. 

L. Dovedale, Painter, NatK Brough. 

C. East side of Ley's Fen, Old Brampton ; Tibshelf. 

Tl. Pond between Yeaveley and Cubley. 

[S. neglectum Brchi/. 

T3. Archer's Pool; Mr. Bloxam's specimen may perhaps be S. neglectum, 
Purchas, J.B.'\. 

S. simplex Huda. Bnr Herd. 

Native. BE. Pools, streams, canals. Local and rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Ashford, Gem of the Peak. 

G2. Pond near Bar Brook Hall, Chatsworth. 

C. R. Rother, near Renishaw, Waterfall. Eckingtou. 

Tl. Between Ashbourne and Norbury, Smitli MSS. Between Mugginton 
and Brewards' Car ; Meynell Langley. 

T2. Railway cuttings, Breadsall, Crewe d- Whittaker. Sandiacre, by the 
canal ; R. Erewash, near Long Eaton. 

T3. Archer's Pool, Purchas, J.B. By the brook, above Egginton. 



AROIDE/E. 

ARUM /. 

A. maculatum L. Lords and Lfidics. Guchoo-pint. 

Native. E. Hedge-banks, woods, thickets. Common. P. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Wake-Rohin. 

General and abundant. " Miller's Dale to Wormhill, 350 yards," West, J.B. 



286 AROIDK.E. LEMNACE.E. 

ACORUS L. 

A. Calamus L. Sweet Flag. 

Denizen. E. Rivers, pools. Local and rare. P. June- July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Cntthorpe, near Chesterfield, Pilkington. Norton, Hh. Salt. Newbold, 
Drahhle. 

Tl. Ponds, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, A. Linton. 

T2. Ponds, Breadsall Priory, Crewe ((: WhittaJcer. 

T3. Drakelow, Gihhs. Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. Near Willington 
Bridge and the Junction Osier-beds, Bept. F. <f' F. 

LEMNACE/E. 

LEMNA L. 

L. trisulca L- Ir //-leaved Bxckweed. 

Native. EB. Ponds, ditches, canals. Frequent. A. June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

C. Hardwick Park ; New Stanton. 

Tl. Pools [Osmaston-by-Ashbourne neighbourhood]. Smith MSS. Pond 
between Yeaveley and Cubley ; swamps near the river, Marston-on-Dove ; Sud- 
bury, by the railway : Brailsford Hall ; marsh, Yeldersley Lane ; pond at north 
end of Meynell Langley Park ; Radbourn ; Etwall ; marshes below Findern. 

T2. Saudiacre ; back-water west of Sawley ; Long Eaton. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Purchas, J.B. Near Willington, by the road-side, 
Bept. F. <(■ F. Pools, Stanton-by-Bridge, Painter, Natt. 

"Li. minor -£. Duckweed, 

Native. B. Ponds, ditches, canals. Common. A. June-Jul}'. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

General and abundant. " Ponds up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

L. gibba L. Top. Bet. "Hewitt cat." 

Native. EG. Ponds, ditches. Rare. A. July-Aug. 

First noted, Smith MSS., 1881 ; record, Bejit. F. £ F., 1881. 

C. Loscoe. 

Tl. Large pond right of the road between Sudbury Station and the village. 

T2. Ditch between Sawley and R. Trent. 

T3. Repton, Bept. F. d- F. Drakelow, in the Trent ; in a wet place by the 
footpath between Egginton and Egginton Station. 

L. polyrrhiza L- Greater Duckweed. Top. Bot., "Hewitt cat." 

Native. E. Ponds, canals, ditches. Local. A. July. 

First record, N.H. Tiitb., 1863. 

C. Canal near Mastln Moor, and near Renishaw. 

T2. Canal at Allenton ; near Chaddesden and Spondon ; Thrumpton Ferry. 

T3. Knowl Hills, Purchas, J.B. Calke, Bloxam. R. Trent, N.H. Tidb. 
Repton, Bept. F. £ F. Pond by road-side west of Willington. 



ALISMACE.B. ' 287 

ALISMACE/E. 

ALISMA L. 

A , PlantagO-aquatica L. IJ'ntcr Phintiioi. GreaUr ThrKiiiHOit. 
Native. B. Ponds, rivers, canals. Common. P. June-Aug. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
Generally distributed ; in all the districts. About 250 yards near Mellor. 

Var. hmcvohitum Afz. Glover, 1829. 

L. About Matlock, B. & N., J.B. Dovedale, CD. 

C. Long Meadow, Renishaw, Waterfall. Margin of Pebley Pond, Barl- 
borough. 

A. ranunculoides />. Lesser Thridinrort. Top. Bot. , 409. 

Native. B. Marshes, bogs, ditches. Very rare. P. June-Aug. 
First record. Withering, 1787. 
P. Margin of Pebley Pond, Barlborough. 

T3. Betwixt Derby and Burton, Pilkington. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept., 
perhaps now extinct. 

SAGITTARIA L. 

S. Sagittifolia L. Arroahead. 

Native. E. Streams, canals. Frequent at low levels. P. July-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

G2. Canal at Whatstandwell, B. £ N., J.B. Cromford Canal, Miss 
Armitage. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Chesterfield Canal, Drabble. Canal near 
Kirk Hallam ; Killamarsh ; Coal Aston ; New Stanton. 

Tl. Findern, Bindley. 

T2. Weston ; Draycott, Hasse, CD. Canal at Chaddesden, Painter, J.B. 
Canal, Chellaston ; Thrumpton Ferry; Sandiacre ; Long Eaton; Sawley. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. In the Trent, near 
Ingleby and Swarkeston Bridge, Glover. Old Trent, by Twyford Lane, Wild 
Fl. Bept. Drakelow. 

BUTOMUS I. 

B. UmbellatUS -£. Fhirering Itmh. 

Native. E. River-sides, brook-sides, canals. Frequent at low levels. P. 
June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

C. Old Cut going towards Norbriggs, near Staveley, Waterfall. Canal 
near Shipley Gate, and near Mastin Moor ; New Stanton. 

Tl. Findern, Bindley. Canal near Stenson. 

T2. Derwent banks at Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Draycott, Hasse, CD. 
Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. Thrumpton Ferry; R. Trent, near Sawley. 

T3. Swarkeston, Purchas, J.B. Anchor Church, Hasse, CD. Bretby, 
Gibbs. Burton, Hb. Mason .' R. Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. South of canal, 
Egginton. 



288 NAIADACEiE. 

NAIADACE/E. 

TRIGLOOHIN L. 

T. palustre ^. Marsh Arrowgrass. 

Native. B. Marshy meadows, by streams and pools. Local and not 
uncommon. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale, West, J.B. Dovedale, Phyt, N.S., 1868, 538. Great Rocks 
Dale. 

Gl. Swamps up to 550 yai-ds on Axe Edge, Baker, J.B. Stirrup. Fl. Ash- 
ton. Charlesworth, Wliitelegg, CD. Malcoff, Chapel-en-le-Frith ; brook-side 
below Rowarth ; near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Abney Clough ; Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

C. Ferriby Brook, Morley, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

P. Near Clowne, Painter, NaP. Harlesthorpe, perhaps the same locality ; 
pool in wood, near the Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Peathays, and by the wood, 
Shirley ; marshes by the railway below Findern. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith, MSS. Near the canal, Sandiacre. 

T3. Pond-side at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hh. Mason! Stapenhill 
and Drakelow, N.H. Tittb. Repton Rocks, WiW FL Bejit. 

POTAMOGBTON L. 

.P. natanS r.. Floating Pond TFced. 

Native. B. Ponds, canals, ditches. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Pond between Fryden Wharf and Bakewell ; in a pond at Broad Close, 
Tissington ; Heathcote, Purchas. Bradwell, Painter, Natt. Pond between 
Great Rocks and Fairiield Common ; between Ashford and Taddington. 

Gl. Ponds up to 400 yards. Baker, J.B. Chisworth ; near Lee, Mellor. 

G2. Whatstaudwell, B. d N., J.B. Cromford Canal, Sogers. Chatsworth 
Park ; small pond near Hassop Station ; between Cross o' th' Hands and Shottle 
Gate ; near Stony Middleton. 

C. About Renishaw, Waterfall. Kirk Hallam ; Beighton ; pool east of 
Killamarsh ; Parkhall, Barlborough; New Stanton; Dale; Hardwick ; Pebley 
Pond ; Sutton Scarsdale ; Tibshelf . 

P. Pool by Cresswell Crags ; pool in Langwith wood. 

Tl. 'Kir'k Jjemgley, B indie g. Bradley; Yeldersley Lane ; Wyaston ; between 
Allestree and Quarndon ; near the Dove, Sudbury. Moist Ground adjoining 
Radbourn Common, Pilkington. 

T2. Near Trent Station; Breadsall, Crewe W- Whittaker. Canal, Chad- 
desdeu ; Sawley. 

T3. Archer's Pool, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Noivers. Repton, Wild Fl. 
Re2)f. Pond by the canal, Eggintou. 



NAIADACE^. 289 

P. polygonifolius Pour. 

Native. B. Moorland rills, pools, and ditches. Frequent ; locally plenti- 
ful. P. July-Aug. 

First record, B. £ N., J.B., 1884. 

Gl. Kinderscout; Charlesworth Coombs, var. ericetorum, Fl. Ashton. R. 
Westend, Gibbs. Near the Snake Inn ; on Nether Moor, near Jaggers Clough ; 
Bamford Moor ; Callow Bank, above Hathersage ; Roych Clough, Chapel-en-le- 
Frith. 

G2. Rills on Tansley Moor, B. d- N., J.B. Offerton Moor, Gibbs. Swampy 
woodland, near Hathersage Booths and above Padley Wood ; under Harland 
Edge, Beeley ; Umberley Brook, Chatsworth ; Dethick Common. 

C. Damp ground, above Seymour, near Chesterfield. 

Tl. Hulland Moss, sparingly, in the upper part. 

T3. Repton Rocks; a specimen of Bloxam's named natans is clearly this 
species, Purchas, J.B. 

P. alpinus Balb. P. mfescem Schrad. 

Native. B. Ponds, slow streams. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Purchas, J.B., 1887. 

G2. Small pond not far from Bar Brook Hall, Chatsworth. 

T3. Archer's Pool: found also by Mr. Bloxam in one of the Calke Ponds, 
PurcJias, J.B. 

P. luceas L. Top. Bot. " Hewitt cat." 

Native. EB. Rivers, canals, pools. Rather rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. Canal near New Stanton. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Pkijt. 

T3. Canal near Willington, Gibbs. By Anchor Church, Hb. Mason ! 
Near Calke Abbey. The specimen too imperfect to allow of certainty, Purchas, 
J.B. 

P. praelong-us i^'uif. 

Native. SI. Canals, pools. Rare. P. July-Aug. 
First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

T2. Canal between Osmaston and Chellaston, and between Chaddesden 
and Spondon. 

T3. Canal near Willington. Nowers ! Canal near Burton, N.H. Tutb. 

P. perfoliatus ^. 

Native. B. Streams, canals, ditches. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

G2. Canal at Whatstandwell, B. ,(■ N., J.B. 

C. Near Marple's Bridge, Renishaw, Waterfall. Canal near Kirk Hallam, 
Killamarsh, and near Shipley Gate ; New Stanton. 

Tl. Pindern, Bindley. Brailsford Brook ; Marston-on-Dove ; brook near 
Barton Fields; in the Dove, Sudbury. 
U 



290 NAIADACE^. 

T2. Canal at Spondon and Borrowash, Painter, CD. d- NaP. Breadsall, 
Crewe <& Whittaker. Thriimpton Ferry ; Sandiacre ; Sawley. 

T3. Burton-on-Trent ; Canal at Willington, Painter, J.B. <(■ Natt. Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. Brook above Egginton. 

P. crispus L. 

Native. BE. Streams, canals, ponds, ditches. Common. P. Jiily-Ang. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed ; in all the districts. 

Var. srrratKs (Hiids.). 

T2. Canals between Derby and Borrowash. 
T3. R. Trent by Drakelow. 

P. crispus X perfoliatus. P- Cooperl Fryer. B.E.G. Rep. for 1900, 
1901. 
T2. Canal near Chaddesden. 

P. crispus X Friesii. P- Lhdoni Fryer. 

C. Canal near the Hague, Renishaw, 1899. This interesting hybrid was 
detected by Mr. Alfred Fryer, of Chatteris, on specimens of Mr. Waterfall's 
submitted to him [Watson's B.E.C. Bep., 1900). 

P. densus i. 

Native. E. Shallow ponds, streams, and ditches. Rare. P. July-Aug. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 

G2. Cromford; canal at Whatstandwell, Milnes, CD. 
P. Near Nether Langwith ; pools east side of Scarcliffe Park Wood. 
Tl. Osmaston Lake, near Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Purchas, J.B. Old Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. 
Bept. 

P. zosteraefolius Schum. 

Native. E. Canals, slow streams. Not uncommon. P. Julj'-Aug. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1835. 

L. Matlock, Miss Armitage. 

G2. Canal and reservoirs, Cromford, Baileij, CD. 

C. Canal near Shipley Gate. 

Tl. Findern, Bindley. 

T2. Canal, Borrowash, Si)dth MSS. Spondon, Painter, Nati. Thrumpton 
Ferry ; canal. Long Eaton, and Sandiacre. 

T3. Swarkeston ; Melbourne Pool, Purchas, .T.B. R. Trent, near Burton, 
Hb. Mason ! Calke, Bloxam. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Willington Canal, Bept. 
F. d- F. 

p. obtusifolius -^ffrt'. ii|- Koch. p. ffratiNtifiis Sm. 

Native. EB. Canals, old ponds. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record. The Flora. 

C. Sparingly in the canal, near Killamarsh, 1897. 

P. Small pond above the Great Pond, Hardwick. 



NAIADACE.E. 291 

P. Friesii Rxpt'. P. mncronatiis Schrad. F. compr(S>^iis Sra. 

Native. B. Canals, slow streams. Rather rare. P. Jiine-Julj-. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. Canal near Kirk Hallam, and near Shipley Gate ; Renishaw Canal. 
T2. Plentiful in the canal below Osmaston, and near Chaddesden and 
Spondon. 

T3. Canal near Egginton. 

p. pusillus L. 

Native. B. Ponds, canals, ditches. Frecjueut. P. June-Ang. 

First record, N.H. Tiitb., 1863. 

L. Lathkil Dale, above Alport ; jjools below Great Shacklow Wood, near 
Ashford. 

Gl. Mill pool by Black Bi-ook, Chinley. 

C. Pond at the Hague, Renishaw, Waterfall. Canal near Shipley Gate ; 
Loscoe ; Killamarsh ; Kirk Hallam ; New Stanton ; Hardwick ; Pebley Pond, 
Barlborough. 

Tl. Osma.ston L&ke, Smith MS S. I Pond at Old Yeldersley ; Marston-oi;- 
Dove. 

T2. Canal at Chaddesden and Spondon ; in R. Erewash, Sandiacre, the var. 
elongatus, f. Ar. Bennett. 

T3. Pool between Foremark Park and Repton Waste, PiircJias, J.B. 
Walton, Nowers. Brook near Bull's, Repton, Bept. F. (0 F. Drakelow. 

P. pectinatus L. 

Native. B. Rivers, canals, pools. Not uncommon. P. Ji;ly-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

G2. Canal at Whatstandwell, B. it- N., J.B. R. Derwent, above Allestree. 

C. R. Rother, near Renishaw, Waterfall. Canal near Chesterfield ; Kirk 
Hallam ; Shipley Gate ; Beighton ; Killamarsh ; Hardwick ; New Stanton. 

Tl. In the Dove near Tutbury, and Marston ; Osmaston Ponds, near 
Ashbourne. 

T2. Breadsall, WJtittaker, Phyt. Canal, Borrowash, Painter, NatK 
Thrumpton Ferry ; Trent Lock ; Sandiacre. 

T3. Melbourne Pool, Purchas, J.B. Canal near Willington, Gihbs. 
Calke, Bloxaiii. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Rej)tou, Bept. F. <(■ F. 

P. interruptus J^^'t. P. JiuhcUatus Bab. 

Native. B. Canals, streams. Rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, JV.J3". Tutb., 1863. 

C. Canal near Killamarsh. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe £ Whittaker ? 

T3. R. Trent at Burton, N.H. Tutb. Willington ; Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! 
In the Trent by Walton Bridge, K. Trimmer in No)f. Flora. 



292 NAIADACEiE. CYPERACE^. 

ZANNICHBLLIA L. 
Z. palustris /• 

Native. B. Pools, ditches, streams. Rather rare. P. May- Aug. 

First record, Top. Bot., 1874. 

L. Miller's Dale; R. Wye at Ashford, Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1876, 35; d- CD. 
Chee Dale, CD. 

Gl. Water at Plumpton, Chapel-eu-le-Frith. 

G2. Large poud, Chatsworth Park. 

P. Water at Marklaud Grips ; pond in Langwith wood ; Harlesthorpe, 
Clowne ; pool at Cresswell Crags, approaching Z. pedunculata Reichb. 

Tl. Foston ; road-side at Little Derby, approaching Z. pedunculata Reichb. 

Td. Pond in Gills' Park, Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Egginton, Harris, CD. 
Repton, Bepf. F. d- F. 



CYPERACE>€. 

ELBOCHARIS iLBr. 

B. acicularis B.Br. Seirpim acicuhtris L. 

Native. EB. Marshy meadows, borders of pools and canals. Very rare. 
P. July- Aug. 

First records. Smith MSS., 1877; CD., 1889. 

C. Pond to the north of Hardwick Great Pond. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS., July 13, 1877. 

T3. Old Trent, Repton, Bagger, CD. ! 

E. palustris B.Br, fbniiiwii V/iil/-n(s/i. 

Native. B. Mai-shes, damp meadows, canal-sides, by pools. Locally abun- 
dant. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Scirpus palustris. 

L. Lathkil Dale, Smith MSS. Dovedale, Nowers. Miller's Dale. 

Gl. Ponds up to 400 yards [Buxton], Baker, J.B. About the Reservoir, 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. Above Rowarth ; north of Hope. 

G2. Lumsdale Reservoirs, abundant, B. d N., J.B. By large poud, Calver ; 
mill pool above Woolley, Ashover Hay. 

C. Renishaw Canal; pool east of Killamarsh ; pond at Parkhall, near 
Barlborough ; Pebley Pond ; Ault Hucknall ; Hardwick ; New Stanton ; Great 
Pond, Wingerworth; Stainsby Pond; Sutton Scarsdale. Pinxton, Pilkington. 

P. Harlesthorpe, Clowne ; Whaley Mill.l 

Tl. Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. About Derby, CD. Burnaston, 
Bindley. By the railway between Sudbury and Scropton ; marshes below 
Findei'n. Betwixt Derby and Kedlestou, PUkinijton. 



CYPERACE^. 293 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe d- WJiittaker. Canal-side, Sandiacre; west of Sawley, 
and Sawley Junction. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hb. Mason. Canal-side near Egginton, 
Gibbs. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 

E. multicaulis so^. 

Native. B. Marshy places, by pools. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 
First records, Smith MSS., 1871-1881 ; Bept. F. d- F., 1881. 
Gl. Bogs, Ringinglow ( West Yorks. Fl.), on the boundary, probably on 
the Derbyshire side. 

T2. Below Gardman's, and near old P.M. Chapel, Ockbrook, S7)iith MSS. 
T3. By Old Trent, Repton, Ee2Jt. F. d- F. 

SCIRPUS z. 
S. pauciflorus i'>/'</'. 

Native. B. Boggy places, marshes, by mountain streams. Very rare. 
P. July-Aug. 

First record. The Flora. 

G2. By Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth, about 300 yards. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Gibbs! 

S. caespitosus l-. 

Native. BS. Moorland, heaths. Locally common. P. May-June. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 

Common on all the moorland areas, rare in the rest of the County. " Axe 
Edge, over 550 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Tl. Near a sheet of water in Allestree Park, Glover. 

[S. fluitans i. 

Glover, 1829.] 

S. Setaceus L. Ixolcpis sctacea R.Br. 

Native. B. Wet sandy places, marshes, wet road-sides. Frequent. P.? 
July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Wye Valley, up to 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Damp road-sides, Matlock, 
B. & N., J.B. Buxton, Rogers. Dovedale, Purchas, J.B, 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers. Charlesworth, Whitehead, CD, Swamps 
about Burbage Edge, 400 yards, CD. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Derwent Dale; 
Edale ; Wood-seats, Castleton ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. By the Cromford Canal, Rogers. Abney Clough ; Otterdale, near 
Shatton ; Froggatt ; east of Bradwell ; near Hathersage. 

C. Barlow Brook, in Cobnar Wood; Wingerworth ; Brackeufield Green; 
New Stanton. 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 



294 CYPEKACEiE. 

Tl. Hullaud Moss, Scott-Elliot. By Shirley Wood ; Cubley ; Boylestone 
Old Hall ; marshes below Findern. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Sandiacre. 

T3. Damp spots by the Melbourne Road, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow ; Eretby, 
Bb. Mason! Calke, Bloxam. Junction of Old Trent and E. Trent, Bept. F. <(■ F. 

S. laCUStris I. Bnllrush. 

Native. B. Pools, canals, rivers. Frequent on the Trias, less so elsewhere. 
P. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

C. R. Erewash at Stanton-by-Dale, Crewe <t; Whittaker. Pebley Pond. 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne ; Whaley Mill. 

Tl. Common about Derby, Glover. 

T2. Long Eaton. 

T3. Melbourne Pool, and in the Trent, Purchas, J.B. Calke, Bloxam. 
Swarkeston Bridge ; near Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Old Trent, Wihl Fl. 
Bept, Drakelow. 

S. Tabernsemontani Gmci. 

Native. EB. Pools. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, The Flora. 

Tl. By lowest of three ponds, near Hall, Meynell Langley. • 

T2. Pools near Trent Station, Carr, 1899. 

S. SilvaticUS /- Jf'ood CUth Rush. 

Native. BE. Damp woods, margins of pools, brook banks. Local. P. 
June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Monsal Dale, near the Station and by the river, Smith MSS. By R. 
Dove above Hartington ; Bradbouru Mill, Purchas, anil J.B. By brook west of 
Wensley, on shale. 

G2. Black Rocks, Cromford, Crewe <(• Whittaker. Brook below Bubnell 
Cliflf, and under Birchill Bank, Baslow. 

C. Quarry Dam, Parkhall Woods, Waterfall. Walton Wood, Linton. 

Tl. By the Bridge, between Osmaston and Edlaston, Smith MSS. 
Marston-on-Dove. 

T3. By Springwood Brook, and by the Upper Pond in Calke Park, Purchas, 
J.B. Bretby Park, Qihbs. Drakelow, Hh. Mason ! Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

S. Caricis Ret:. Bhjf:mu.s coiiiprr-stiiis P;inz. 

Native. E. Wet turf in limestone dales. Local and rare. P. July. 

First found. Salt, 1801 ; record, Watson's N.B.G., 1835. 

L. Below Chee Tor, 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Miller's Dale; Dovedale, 
Painter, J.B. Field by the Buxton Road at the end of Monsal Dale towards 
Bakewell, Watson's N.B.G. Yoxall Lodge, near Buxton, Garner. Just below the 
Bridge at Bakewell, HIk Salt. 



CYPERACE.E. 295 

ERIOPHORUM L. 



E. vaginatum L. 



Native. BE. Moorland bogs. Abundant locally. P. March-April. 

First records, Gisborne, 1794; noted by Salt, 1799; Jewitt, 1811. 

L. Dovedale, Glover. Not there now. 

Gl. Over 550 yards on Axe Edge, Baker, J.B. Hills behind Mam Tor 
from Castleton, Watson's N.B.G. Colborne Moor, near Chapel ; Charlesworth ; 
Kinderscout, Fl. Aahton. Derwent Edge, Painter, Nat*. Bamford ; Stanage. 

G2. East Moor, Glover. Abundant on the moors west of Dore, The Natu- 
ralist. Dethick Moor, Gibbs. White Edge Moor, Grindleford; Darley Moor. 

P. Near Pleasley, Watsoii's N.B.G. 

Tl. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

E. angfUStifolium liot/i. Cotton Grass, E. poh/stachnon L. 

Native. B. Marshes, bogs. Locally abundant. P. April-June. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. 

Gl. Axe Edge, up to over 550 yards, Baker, J.B. Near the bottom of old 
lane which runs from Nithing End, Jewitt. Combes Moss, Painter, J.B. 
Charlesworth ; Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. Stanage Edge, var. elatius Koch. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. £ N., J.B. Between Fox House Inn and Dore, The 
Naturalist. Grindleford Bridge, Hb. Mason! Near Higgar Tor, above Hather- 
sage. 

C. Near the Peacock Inn. 

Tl. Bog below Bradley Wood ; HuUand Moss. Quarndon Commoa, 
Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall, Whittaker, Phyt. 

T3. Bog at Foremark Hall, Purchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

B. latifolium Hoppc. 

Native. BE. Boggy places on heaths and in woods. Very rare. P. Juae- 
July. 

First record, Crewe d- Whittaker, 1824. 

C. Morley Moor, not common, Crewe (f- Whittaker. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood, in good quantity. 



SCHCENUS 1. 
S. nigricans x. Bat/ Jixsh. 

Native. B. Moorland bogs, wet peaty turf. Very rare. P. June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

"Derby," Wats. Top. Bot., '' Howitt cat." 



296 CYPERACE^. 

CAREX L. 

C. dioica L- Top. Bot. " Howitt cat." 

Native. SB. Moorland, mosses. Rare. P. June-July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Above Grindsbrook, Edale. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

C. pulicaris L. Flea Sedge. 

Native. B. Heaths, moors. Frequent. P. June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Monk's Dale, West, J.B. Road-sides, Buxton ; Topley Pike ; Cress- 
brook Dale, CD. Diamond Hill, Rogers. Dale Head, near Wheston ; Conies 
Dale, Peak Forest ; Harborough Rock. 

Gl. Swamps up to 500 yards, Baker, J.B. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, 
Painter, J.B. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kiuderscout, Fl. Ashton. R. Sett, south 
of Hayfield ; Bamford ; Derwent Moor ; Stanage. 

G2. Burbage Brook ; Bechagg Wood, Froggatt ; Umberley Brook, near 
Chatsworth; Redcar Brook, above Dore. 

C. Totley Moss. 

P. Scarclifife Park Wood, east side. 

Tl. Peathays, Shirley. 

T3. Bog at Foremark Park, Purchas, J.B. Archer's Pool, Bloxam. 

C. disticha Huds. C. interinedia Good. 

Native. EB. Marshes, by streams and pools. Local. P. May-June. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1835. 

L. Lathkil Dale, Painter, J.B. 

Tl. Between Osmaston Church and Osmaston Grange, near Ashbourne, 
Smith MSS. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Ponds between Shirley and Osmaston ; 
Ash Cover, Yeldersley ; Ciibley Brook. 

T2. Morley, Crewe d- Whittaker. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Canal-side below 
Osmaston. 

T3. Near the Upper Pond at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Drakelow, N.H. Tilth. 
Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. teretiuscula Good. 

Native. B. Damp meadows, boggy places. Very rare. P. June. 

First records, Smith MSS., 1854-70 ; CD., 1889. 

Tl. Between Shirley Wood and Rodsley, Smith MSS. 

[C. paradoxa Willd. 

Marshy meadows near Shirley Mill, Smith MSS. A form of the variable 
C paniculata probably mistaken for it.] 



CYPERACE.E. 297 

C. paniculata L- Famded Sedge. 

Native. B. Marshes, margin of ponds and streams. Freqixent. P. May- 
Jnne. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Bradbourn Mill, Purchas. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton. Near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Ashover, Bailey, CD. Bar Brook, and under Birchill Bank, near 
Baslow ; ponds, Chatsworth. 

C. Banks of Renishaw Canal, Waterfall. Canal near Mastin Moor. 

Tl. Kedleston, Painter, J.B. Shirley Brook ; Drabble Car, Bradley 
Marston Montgomery. 

T3. Archer's Pool, and in wet copse at Milton, Purchas, J.B. Foremark 
Bottoms, Gihhs. Near Drakelow, Rh. Mason ! Repton Rocks, Painter, J.B. 

C vulpina L. 

Native. B. Sides of streams, ditches, and canals. Common. P. Jmie- 
July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed at low levels ; not noted for L, Gl, or G2. 

Var. neiHorosa Rebent. 

C. In some quantity in an old dried-up pool between Alfreton and Shirland 
(see B.E.C., Sep., 1901). 

C. muricata X. 

Native. BE. Ditches, fields, sides of "streams and canals. Frequent. P. 
June-July. 

First record. Smith MSS., 1854-70. 

L. Ridge between Bonsall and Matlock Bridge, 300 yards, B. d- N., J.B. 
Via Gellia, Gibbs, Monsal Dale ; Lathkil Dale ; Haddon, Painter, J.B. & A^a^'. 
Between Hartington and Beresford Dale, Purchas, J.B. 

Gl. Castle Rocks, Allport Dale. 

G2. Canal Bank, Whatstandwell, Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 135. Wirks- 
worth, Gibbs. Under Birchill Bank, Baslow. 

C. Kirk Hallam ; Ault Hucknall ; Denby Common ; Tibshelf ; Sutton 
Scarsdale. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Between Tinker's Inn and Clifton, Smith MSS. Mickleover, Painter, 
NatK By Yeldersley Rough ; Shirley ; tubley ; Marston Montgomery ; Long- 
ford ; Boylestone. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Near Treutlock. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Willington, Gibbs. Stanton-by-Bridge, Painter, 
J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. BejJt. Egginton Common. 

Var. virens. Koch. Var. p-seiidodindm Syme. 
L. Lathkil Dale, Painter, J.B. 



298 CYPERACEiE. 

C. divulsa Good. 

Native. EG. Banks, woods, way-sides. Very rare. P. June-Jixly. 
First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 
L. Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. 
Tl. Laiieside, Rodsley towards Shirley. 

T3. Calke Park, Bloxain. Mr. Purchas inclines to think that Bloxam's 
specimen is rather the pseud odivulsa Syme, J.B., 1887, 143. 

C. echinata Mm-r. Prickhj Sfdr/c. C. stcUnlata Good. 

Native. B. Marshy j^laces, meadows, damp woods. Frequent. P. May- 
July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Swamps up to 500 yards [Axe Edge], Baker, J.B. Charlesworth 
Coombs ; Kinderscout, Fl. Ashfnn, R. Sett, soiith of Hayfield ; near Lose Hill, 
and about the Snake Inn ; above Bamford ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Tausley Moor, B. i(- N., J.B. Otterdale, near Shatton ; Burbage 
Brook ; Froggatt ; Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Painter, J.B. East side of Ley's Fen, Old Brampton ; 
Brackenfield Green. 

Tl. Between Shirley Wood and Bodsley, SmWb MSS. ! By Brailsford 
Brook, near Ednaston. 

T2. Morley, Crewe £ Whiftaker. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Burton, Hb. Maso7i ! Willington, Gibhs. Bog at 
Eepton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bejit. 

C. remota L. 

Native. BE. Banks of ditches, damp road-sides, canal banks. Locally 
abundant. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Via Gellia, B. d- N., J.B. 

Gl. Charlesworth, Whitehead, C.D. Mellor, Wild, G.D. Near Westend 
Farm, Gibbs. R. Sett, south of Hayfield ; Hague Bar, New Mills ; Edale ; 
Allport Dale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Canal between Whatstandwell and Ambergate, Bailey, C.D. Near 
Hathersage ; Froggatt ; Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth ; Idridgehay. 

C. Renishaw Canal, Waterfall. Breadsall Moor, Painter, J.B. West 
Hallam ; woods north east of Coal Aston ; Birleyhay, Ford ; Sheepbridge ; 
pond, Parkhall, near Barlborough ; Ault Hucknall ; east of Totley ; Newton 
Wood. 

P. Bolsover ; Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Tl, Mickleover ; Radbouru, Painter, Nat>. Shirley ; Cubley Common ; 
Marston-on-Dove ; Foston ; Lower Thurvaston. 

T2. Ockbrook, Hasse, C.D. 

T3. Lower end of first pond in Calke Park, Purchas, J .B. Foremark 
Bottoms, Gihbs. Egginton, Painter, J.B. Repton, Will Fl. Bept, Drakelow. 



CYPERACE^. 299 

C. axillaris Good. C. muricata x rrixotd. Top. Bot. " Bloxam ma." 

Native. E. By ditches, poiids, canals. Very rare. P. May-July. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1835. 

C. By the canal, between one and two miles north of Chesterfield. 

T3. By the side of the ponds, Calke Abbey, Bloxam. There is no 
specimen in Bloxam's collection, nor could Mr. Purchas succeed in finding the 
plant in the locality, J.B., 1887, 143. Repton, Wild Fl. Bejit. 

C. CUrta Good. C. canexcens L. » 

Native. Bogs, moors, wet turf. Locally abundant. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkinyton, 1789. 

L. Chee Tor, Pilkington. 

Gl. Swamps up to 500 yards. Baker, J.B. Goyt's Moss ; near the Snake 
Inn ; above Bamford. 

G2. Redcar Brook, above Dore. 

C. Stream by Greave's Piece, near the Peacock lun. 

Tl. Marsh in Yeldersley Lane, near Shirley. 

T3. Near Bull's Farm, Repton, Bept. F. ,/• F. 

C. OValis Good. G. h'porhia L. 

Native. B. Moist waj'sides, heaths, pastures. Common. P. May-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. "Ascends up to 550 yards [Axe Edge]," Baker, .J.B. 

C. acuta L. 

Native. BE. Stream-sides, by ponds, rivers, canals. Rather rare. P. 
May- June. 

First record, 8mith MSS., 1854-70, 

L. Meadows near Ashford, Bailey, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 110. 

Tl. Between Shirley Wood and Rodsley, Smith MSS. Near R. Dove, 
Clifton. 

T3. Near Swarkeston, Bloxam. Named stricta, is, I think, acuta, Purchas, 
J.B. Near the Boatstake, Burton, Hh. Mason ! Stapeuhill, Painter, J.B. 
Trent side, Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. Goodenowii J- Gaij. C. vulgaris Fr. 

Native. B. Marshes, wet turf, moorland, way-sides. Frequent. P. May- 
June. 

First record. Glover, 1829. C. ccespitosa. 

Generally distributed, and more or less plentiful on the moors. 

"Swamps up to 500 yards" [Axe Edge], Baker, J.B. A large robust form 
occurs at Pebley Pond, Barlborough. 
Var. juncella Fr. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn ; abundant on Bamford Moor. 

G2. White Edge Moss, Grindleford; Bentley Brook, Matlock. 

C. Totley Moss. 

Tl. Shirley Wood; Cupiss Lane, Brailsford, B.E.C. Bep., 1889, 273. 



300 CYPERACE^. 

C. flacca Schreb. C. f/lnuca Murr. 

Native. B. Damp pastures, meadows, moor-sides, waysides. Common. P. 
May- June. 

First record. Glover, 1829. C. recurva. 

The commonest of our sedges, everywhere abundant. " Swamps up to 550 
yards on Axe Edge," Baker, J.B. " Frequent at all levels up to 350 yards " 
[Matlock], B. S N., J.B. 

Var. stictocarpfi Ar. Benn. 

L. Slopes of High Field [Fell], 350 yards. West, J.B. Monsal Dale, near 
Litton Mill, at 900 feet alt. on limestone ; a form near stictocarpa, but with 
larger spikelets. The fruit is asperous-hairy, with minute prickle-like papillae, 
and dotted (punctate) where these papillae have got rubbed off, B.L., Bee, 
1879. 

C. digitata L. 

Native. EL. Limestone dates. Very rare and local. P. May-June. 
First record, Glover, 1829. Top. Bot. "Rogers rec." 

L. Monsal Dale, Whitehead ! A specimen of this is in Sowerby's lib. in 
the British Museum. See also B.L. Rec, 1877, 248. 

C. ornithopoda wuid. 

Native. I. Limestone dales. Locally abixndant. P. May-June. 

First found, Salt, May 7th, 1801 (C. digitata); first record, Bahingto)i, 
J.B., 1874. See also J.B., 1875, 193 sqq. 

L. Miller's Dale, Whitehead Newton <(: Hibbert, J.B. Slopes of High 
Fell [Field], 350 yards. West, J.B. Cressbrook Dale, T. Rogers, B.L. Rec., 
1876, 183. Above the summit of the railway tunnel opiiosite to Litton Mill 
which was burnt down, Smith MSS. 

C. montana L. 

Native. E. On Magnesian Limestone cliffs. Very rare and local. P. 
April- May. 

First found. Waterfall, 1885 ; record, B.E.C., Rep., 1890, 273. 

P. Markland Grips, near Clowne, Waterfall, CD. ! Specimens were 
submitted to Mr. A. Bennett and so named by him. 

C. pilulifera L. 

Native. B. Heathland, moor slopes, woods. Not uncommon. P. May- 
June. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Middleton Dale. Carr, B.L. Rec., 1881-2, 233. Monk's Dale, Painter, 
J.B. Cressbrook Dale. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton. R. Sett, south of Haylield; 
Combes Moss ; Jaggers Clough. 

G2. Darley Dale, Nouiers. 

Tl. Shirley Wood. 



CYPERACE^. 301 

T3. lu one spot at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burtou-ou-Trent, Painter, J.B. 
Repton Shrubs, Wild Fl. Bepf. 

C. verna Chaix. Vemal Sedge, G. prcecox Jacq. 

Native. B. Pastures, heaths, banks, way-sides. Common. P. April-May. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. " Near Buxton, 350 yards," Rogers, J.B. " Wormhill, 
350 yards," West, J.B. 

C. pallescens L. 

Native. B. Woods, copses, pastures. Rather rare and local. P. June. 

First found, Salt, 1798; first record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Near Westend Farm, Gihhs. R. Sett, south of 
Hayfield ; Edale ; Derwent Dale. 

C. Between Heeley and Norton Lees, Hlj. Salt. Tibshelf to Hucknall. 

P. Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Meadows [Osmaston-by-Ashbourne neighbourhood]. Smith MSS. 
Mickleover; Turnditch, Painter, Nat^. & J.B. Shirley; Dog Lanes, Atlow. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bejit. 

C. panicea L. 

Native. B. Marshes, heaths, way-sides. Common. P. May- June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General and abundant. "Swamps up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

C. pendula Huds. 

Native. BE. Woods, thickets. Rare. P. June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. In plenty by the river-side just beyond 
the Colour Works at Matlock Bath, Carr. 

Gl. Whitebottom Wood ; yieWor, Hb. Whitehead, im'i\ Ludworth, Pa m^sr, 
J.B. About Marple, Buxton, B.G. 

G2. Ambergate, Gihhs. 

T3. Repton Shrubs, Rept. F. d- F. 

C. strigfOSa H^dx. Top. Bot. " Bloxam sp." 

Native. E. Shady banks, woods. Very rare. P. June-July. 
First record, Phyt. N.S., 1858,1612. 

L. Banks of the Derwent, near the Lover's Walk, Phgt. 
Gl. About Marple, Buxton's B.G. 
C. Newton Wood, scarce. 
T2. Ockbrook, Basse CD. 

[At the bottom of Spriugvvood, Calke Abbey, Bloxa)n (in N.B.G. 1835), "is 
just over the boundary," Purchas, J.B. Seal Wood, Hh. Mason !] 



302 cyperace.t:. 

C. silvatica lliids. Wood Scd(jr. 

Native. BE. Woods, moist hedge-banks. Frequent. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkingt07i, 1789. 

L. Below Chee Tor, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Via Gellia, B. <(■ N., J.B. 
Cressbrook Dale, Painter, J.B. Dovedale, scarce, Purchas, J.B. Great Shack- 
low Wood ; road-side near Dog & Partridge Inn, Thorpe. 

Gl. Stirrup, Fl. AsMon. Charlesworth, Whitehead, CD. Derwent Dale ; 
Ollerbrook, Edale ; Hague Bar, near New Mills. 

G2. Abney Clough. 

C. Kirk Hallam; Dale, Hassc, CD. Hardwick Wood; Walton Wood; 
Monk's Wood, near Sheepbridge ; Linacre Wood, Old Brampton ; Ault Huck- 
nall ; Newton Wood. 

P. Langwith Wood ; Whitwell Wood ; Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Osmaston Manor Park, and in shady woods about Ashbourne, Smith 
M8S. Eadbourn, Bindley. Shirley Wood; Bradley to Atlow; Cubley Common; 
Eaton Woods ; near Marston Montgomery. 

T2. Morley, Crewe <[■ Whittaker. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Eepton 
Shrubs, Wild Fl. Rept. Eepton, Bindley. 

C. laevigata ><'ii. 

Native. BE ? Swamps, wet moorland, wet woods. Local. P. June- July. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863 ? Wild Fl. Rejit., 1866. 

Gl. Swampy wood, Charlesworth, Whitehead, B.L. Bee, 1877, 225. 
Jaggers Clough, and near Westend Farm, Oibbs. Edale and Ollerbrook ; 
Derwent Moor, south side near the Sheffield Eoad, over 300 yards ; near the 
Snake Inn ; Allport Dale ; Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford. 

G2. Abney Clough ; Otterdale, near Shatton ; Froggatt ; Burbage Brook ; 
near Hathersage Booths ; Hay Wood, Grindleford. 

C. Bogs near Dore and Owler Bar, The Nafiurilist. Owler Car, Gihhs. 
Near Harwood Grange, Chesterfield, Painter, J.B. Walton Wood. 

Tl. Occasionally in wet parts of woods, S»nth MSS. Below the Old 
Covert, Mugginton. • 

T3. Eepton Eooks, Wild Fl. Bepf. 

C. binervis V". 

Native. B. Heaths, moors, woods, damp road-sides. Local. P. May- 
July. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 

L. One Ash, Watson's N.B.G. Castleton, West, J.B. 

Gl. Axe Edge, 400-500 yards. West, J.B. Valley of the Goyt, Painter, 
J.B. Charlesworth Coombs; Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. Chinley ; Edale; near 
the Snake Inn ; Derwent Dale ; Stanage Edge. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. d N., J.B. Hathersage, Hb. Si/me. Under Harland 
Edge, Beeley. 



CYPERACE.E. 303 

Tl. Shirley Wood, Si)iifh, MSS. Cupiss Lane, Brailsford. 
T3. On some heathy ground near St. Bride's Farm, Purchas, J .B. Burton- 
on-Trent, Fainter, J.B. Eeptou Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

C. speirostachya 'SV«. [<'. fulva Good. Hybrid?] C. HurnychKcJiiana 
Hoppe. 

Native. B. Swamps, boggy ground. Local. P. May-June. 

First record, B.L. Bee, for 1875, 1876. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, wet pastures, seen as long ago as 1863, Whitehead, 
B.L. Bee, 1875, 132. Wild Moor, near Goyt's Bridge. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

C. Stream by Greave's Piece, near Smeekley Wood. 

P. Markland Grips, by the stream. Waterfall. Swamj) in Scarcliffe Park 
Wood. 

Tl. Near the old gravel-pit on Mr. Sherwin's Farm, Osmaston-by-Ash- 
bourne, Smith MSS. Meadows at Peathays, Shirley; near Old Covert, Mugginton. 

C. flava i. 

Native. B. Marshy places, peaty laud, heath. Frequent. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Monk's Dale, Linton. 

Gl. Swamps up to 500 yards, Baker, J.B. Charlesworth Coombs ; Stirrup 
Wood, Fl. Ashton. Torside Clough, near Crowden ; Wild Moor, near Goyt's 
Bridge ; Slackhall ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; Upper Hurst Brook, Bamford. 

G2. Otterdale, near Shatton ; Froggatt ; under Birchill Bank, Baslow. 
Marshes about Duffield, Pilkington. 

C. Birleyhay, Ford. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood; pool near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Boggy places in meadows [Osmaston-by-Ashbourne neighbourhood]. 
Smith MSS. Shirley Wood ; by Bradley Brook. 

T3. Damp places by the side of the Calke and Melbourne Road ; bog at 
Foremark Park, Purchas, .J.B. Rej^ton Rocks, Bept. F. >(■ F. 

Var. elattor Schlecht. C. Icpidoearpa Tausch. 

Gl. Buxton, Sogers. Axe Edge, Painter, J.B. R. Sett, south of Hay- 
field. 

C. Morley Moor, Painter, .J.B. 

Var. Oederl Retz. Var. minor Towns. 

Gl. Bog, Buxton, Bogers, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 110. Near Westend Farm, 
Gihhs. R. Sett, south of Hayfield ; Combes Moss; near the Snake Inn; above 
Bamford ; Malcoff, Chapel. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

C. Wessington Common ; Brackenfield Green. 

Tl. Marshes by the railway, below Findern. 



304 CYPERACE^. 

Var. ciipcroides Marss. G. chri/xiti-.s Link. C. Oederi Syme, E.B. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Hh. Whitehead ! 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Between Copse Hill and Wyaston, Smith MSS. 

C. hirta L. Haminer Sedge. Hairij Sedf/e. 

Native. BE. Damp places, pastures, meadows, bogs, ditch-sides. Common. 
P. May-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

General ; in all the districts. " Miller's Dale, up to 300 yards, West, J.B. 

C. Pseudo-cyperus i. 

Native. E. Pond-sides, ditches. Local and rare. P. May-July. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 

Tl. The Durable, HuUand, Smith MSS. Findern, Painter, Nati. Marsh 
at Willington Junction, Bept. F. d- F. ! Abundant there in 1899. Pond between 
Yeaveley and Cubley, by the footpath. 

T3. In a pond on the outside of Calke Park, on the south side, Watso7i's 
N.B.G. 

C. acutiformis Ehrh. O. paU<4om Good. 

Native. B. Pools, river-banks, ditches, marshes. Frequent. P. May-June. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Banks of R. Bradford at Youlgreave ; Bi-adbourn Mill, PH^c/i as <(■ J.B. 
Haddon; Lathkil Dale, Painter, J.B. <(■ Natt. R. Wye at Ashford; Brough. 

Gl. Edale. 

G2. Harthill Moor ; pond near Barbrook Hall, Chatsworth ; under Birchill 
Bank, Baslow ; Scow Brook, near Hoguaston. 

C. Canal-side north of Chesterfield ; Pebley Pond ; New Stanton. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood, east side. 

Tl. Lower Lake, Osmaston Manor, Smit]i MSS. Hilton, Uass^, CD. 
Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirley ; Radbourn ; Marston-ou-Dove ; Bradley. 

T2. Canal-side, near Spondon ; Sawley. 

T3. Drakelow, Hb. Mason. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Ingleby, 
Basse, CD. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. Egginton. 

Var. Koch'iaim Gaixd. 

Tl. Peathays, Shirley. 

C- riparia (-'nrtis. 

Native. BE. By rivers, canals, pools. Frequent. P. May-June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Bakewell, under 200 yards, West, J.B. Near Bradbourn Mill, Purchas, 
J.B. Bank of R. Wye, opposite Haddon Castle, Bailetj, B.L. Bee, 1876, 193. 
Brough. 



CYPERACE.E. 305 

C. Caualside, ueai- Kirk Hallam ; near Shipley Gate ; canalside, New 
Stanton. 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne ; east side of Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover; Radbourn ; Pindern, Painter, NatK Hilton; Clifton. 

T2. Breadsall, Creice d WJiitfaker. Sawley. 

T3. Ponds at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Ingleby, Hasse, CD. Williugton ; 
Bnrton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Old Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. Bejit. Drakelow ; 
brook and canal, Egginton. 



C. rostrata Stokrs. Bottle Sedge. C, aiiipuUtieea Good. 

Native. B. Marshes, moors, pools, canals. Frequent. P. May-June. 

First record, Bloxam, MS., 1833 ; Tojj. Bot., 1874. 

L. Chee Tor, 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Miller's Dale, West, J.B. Bakewell ; 
Lathkil Dale ; Buxton, Painter, J.B. S NatK Matlock Bath, Bogers. Pools, 
Via Gellia, Purchas. 

Gl. Wild Moor, near Goyt's Bridge. 

G2. Reservoirs in Cromford Valley, B. & N., J.B. Strines Wood, Cromford, 
Bailey, CD. Bar Brook, above Baslow. 

C. East side of Ley's Fen, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, j-VatK Bog below Bradley Wood, and by Bradley 
Brook. 

T3. Archer's Pool, Purchas, J.B. Swarkeston, Bloxam. Burton-on-Trent, 
Painter, J.B. Repton, Bept. F. ((■ F. 



Var. latifolla Aschers. 

G2. Farlow Paddocks, between Baslow and Hassop, Bailey ( /. Herr 
Kukenthal) . 



C. Vesicaria L. Bladder Sedge. 

Native. BE. Marshes, brooks, pools, damp copses. Rather rare. P. 
June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Miller's Dale, 300 yards, West, J.B. 

Gl. Wet place near Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Hh. Whitehead, 1864 ! 
Ludworth, Whitehead, CD. 

G2. Ashover, Bailey, CD. 

C. Quarry Dam, Parkhall Woods, Renishaw, Waterfall. Great Pond, 
Wingerworth ; Stainsby Pond, near Heath ; Pebley Pond. 

T2. Elvaston, Basse, CD. 

T3. Swarkeston, Bloxam. Near Ingleby, Purchas, J.B. Canalside, Willing- 
ton, Gibhs. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

W 



•306 GRAMINE.E. 

GRAMINE/E. 

SETARIA Jiranr. 

"S. viridis Jii-nur. 

Casual. 

Tl. Mickleover, railway banks, Painter, Nat''. 

PHALARIS X. 

*P. canariensis i. Canary Grm.s 

Alien. Waste ground. Occasional. A. June-Aug. 
First noted, Crewe <£■ Whittaker, 1864. 
L. Roadsides about Matlock, casual, B. <(■ N., J.B. 
Gl. Burbage, Buxton, CD. 
G2. Wirksworth, casual, Gibhs. 
Tl. Mickleover, roadsides. Painter, NatK 
T2. Railway banks, Breadsall, Crewe <('■ Whittaker. 

T3. Woodside, Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! Calke, Bloxain. Askew Hill, 
Reptou, Bagger, CD. Near the Trent, Repton, Wild Fl. Be]}t. 

P. arundinacea L. Reed Grass. Ribbon Grass. Digraphis arundinacm Trin. 
Native. B. By streams and canals. Common. P. June-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 
Generally distributed. "Ascends to 300 yards," Baker, J.B. 

ANTHOXANTHUM l. 

A. odoratum L. Su-cct Vernal Grass. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, waysides, woods. Common. P. May- 
June. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Everywhere abundant. " Common up to the Peak of Axe Edge, over 550 
yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. viUosum (Dum.). 

Tl. Shirley Park, in shady places. 

ALOPBCURUS L. 

A myosuroides Hads. Field Fo.vtail Gras.'. A. agrestis L. 

Native or Colonist. E. Fields, waysides. Frequent. P. June-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Tl. Common about Derby, CD. Mickleover, Bindleg. Hollington, near 
Longford, 



GRAMINE.E. 



307 



T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. 

T3. About Calke, Furchas, J.B. Stapenhill, Hb. Mason. Eepton, Wild 
Fl. Rept. 

A. fulvUS Sm. 

Native. E. Pondsides, watery places. Very rare. P. July. 
First record, B.E.G. Rev. for 1900, 1901. 
C. Pouds, Sutton Scarsdale. 

A. geniculatus L. 

Native. B. Ditches, damp roadsides. Cominon. A. May-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Swamps up to 600 yards," Baker, J.B. 
A wide spreading state, rooting extensively at the nodes, occurs here and 
there. 

L. Quarry pool, Buxton, Levinge. Pondside, Breadsall Old Moor, 450 yards. 

A. pratensis L- Mvadou- Foxtail Grass. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, waysides. Common. P. April-July. 

First record, Pilkiiif/ton, 1789. 

General and abundant. "Common up to 500 yards," B«^-e;', J.B. 

MILIUM L. 

M. effusum L. JnUtt Grass. 

Native. BE. Woods, shady banks. Local. P. May-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford ; Matlock. 

Gl. Stirrup, Fl. AsJtton. Higher Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Ashover, Bailey, CD. Woods S. of Ashover Hay ; Bubnell, Baslow. 

C. Woods, Abbey Dale, Gihhs. Parkhall Woods, near Renishaw, Waterfall. 
Lady Wood, and other localities near Kirk Hallam ; The Moss, Mosbrough ; 
by Limb Brook, near Dore Station ; Loscoe ; Salter Wood, near Ripley ; 
Brierly Wood, Unstone ; Walton Wood ; woodland above Yewtree House, Walton ; 
Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Copses east of Alkmonton ; copse at Stydd. 

T2. Ravine of brook to the right on upper way to Dale [from Ockbrook], 
Smith MSS. 

T3. Drakelow ; Repton Shrubs, Painter, J.B. Repton, Bindley. 

PHLBUM L. 

P, pratense L. Tiinothy Grass, Cafs-tail Grass. 

Native. BE. Meadows, pastures, waysides. Common. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. 



308 GRAMINE.E. 

Var. nodosum (L.). 

L. Ashford Dale ; Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. Dovedale, Smith MSS. 

Gl. Mellor, Wild, CD. 

Tl. Shirley ; Ednastoii Sprink, Brailsford. 

T3. Sfcapenhill, Painter, J.B. 

AGROSTIS L. 

A , canina />. Brown Bent. 

Native. B. Moors, heathland, woods, copses. Local. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Diamond Hill, Bogers. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Bogers. Swamps near Cat and Fiddle Inn, 500 yards. Baker, 
J.B. Derwent Moor, over 500 yards ; Back Tor, Edale ; above Bamford ; near 
the Snake Inn, with the var. mutica Doell. 

G2. Moors near Dore, Gibbs. Froggatt ; Curbar. 

C. "Walton Wood; Blake Brook, near Baslow ; Hardwick. 

Tl. Short dry turf [Osmaston-by- Ashbourne neighbourhood], SmltJi MSS. 
Shirley Wood ; Bradley Wood ; Aston, Sudbury. 

T3. Heathy parts of Calke Park, Purchas, J.B. Scaddow Rocks, Wild 
Fl. Bept. Twyford Lane, Hb. Mason ! 

A. palustris Hnds. Ftorln. Marsh B-nt. A. alha L. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, roadsides, ditches. Common. P. Juue- 
Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. A. tenidfolia. 

Generally distributed. 

Var. stohnifera (L.). Glover, 1829. 

L. Between Castleton and Hope. 

G2. Near the Derwent, east of AUestree Park. 

C. By the canal, north of Chesterfield. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Cubley Common. 

Var. maritima Mey. 

G2. Crich Quarry, Smith MSS. 

A. vulgaris With. Common Bent. 

Native. B. Fields, roadsides, heaths. Common. P. July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. A. cajnllaris. 
"Ascends on Axe Edge, over 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. pnmila (L.). 

L. Oxlow Rake. 

Gl. Over 550 yards on Axe Edge, Bogers. Near the Snake Inn ; AUport 
Dale ; Ashopton ; near Bamford Edge ; between Milton and Hilltop, Whaley 
Bridge. 



GRAMINE.E. 309 

G2. Near Hathersage ; Froggatfc. 

C. East of Totley. 

Tl. Between Wyaston and Shirley. 

T3. Damp spots between Calke Mill and Melbourne, Pnrchas, J.B. 

Var. niffra (With). Gloivr, 1829. 

L. Matlock, as abundant as typical vulgaris, B. d- >.V., J.B. Via Gellia, 
Bogers. 

G2. Near the Cromford Canal, Rogers. 

T3. Calke ; " one of a series of forms which show the common species of 
Agrostis to be much less sharply and clearly defined in Nature than in books," 
Pxirchas, J.B. 

CALAMAGROSTIS Adans. 

C. Eipigeios Roth. Amndo epigeios L. 

Native. EB. Woods, shady places. Very rare. P. June-July. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 
P. Scarcliffe Park Wood. 
T3. Gresley, Painter, J.B. 

C. lanceolata Roth. 

Native. E. Damp shady places, near pools and marshes. Very rare. P. 
July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. A r undo calamagrostis. 
T3. Gresley, Painter, J.B. 

APERA Adans. 

*A. Spica-venti Bran v. 

Casual. On cultivated land. 

Tl. Osmaston Park, Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Near Kedleston, Crewe S 
Whittaker. 

ATRA L. 

A. caryophyllea L- Hair-Grass. 

Native. B. Gravelly roadsides and pastures, heathland. Frequent. A, 
May-June. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Foot of Chee Tor, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Wormhill, 350 yards, 
West, J.B. Monsal Dale, Whitehead, C.D. Dovedale, Pnrchas. 

G2. Eyam Moor ; Stanton ; Fallgate, Ashover. 

C. Horsley Car, Painter, J.B. Near Holymoorside ; quarry in Hardwick 
Park. 

Tl. Shirley; near the Knob, Hulland ; fields adjoining Yeldersley Lane; 
gravelly heath by the railway, south of Findern. 



310 GRAMINE.E. 

T2. Risley Park. 

T3. Near Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton-ou-Trent, Painter. J.B. Gravel 
pit, Repton Village, Rept. F. <('■ F. 

A. praecox L. 

Native. B. Heaths, dry banks, and waysides. Frequent. A. April-May. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashtoii. Woodhead, Barrow. Wild Moor, 
Goyt; New Mills.; Hayfield; Grindsbrook, Edale ; Bamford. 

G2. Eyam Moor ; Curbar ; near Hathersage. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe d- Whittalcer. Wessington Common ; near Holy- 
moorside ; near Walton and Brampton ; quarry in Hardwick Park. 

Tl. Bradley Wood, Purchas. Near Spinnyford Brook, Hulland ; gravelly 
heath near the railway, south of Findern. 

T3. Near Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby Park, Painter, J.B, Repton, 
Wild Fl. Bept. 

DESCHAMPSIA Bccwr. 

D. CSespitOSa Bcaur. Aira cd'spltosa L. 

Native. B. Damp waysides, commons, woods, margins of pools and 
streams. Common. P. June-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. A form 
with shorter leaves occurs on moorland about the Snake Inn and doubtless on 
other moors. 

Var. pallida Koch. 

Tl. Low fields between Copse Hill and Edlaston, Smith MSS. 

D. flexUOSa Triv. Aira flexuosa L. 

Native. B. Moorland, heathy way-sides. Locally jjlentiful. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Miller's Dale, Rogers. Dirty Rake, Eyam. 

Gl. Between Bugsworth and New Mills, Rogers. Ascends above 500 
yards on Axe Edge, Baker, J.B. Chinley ; near Glossop ; Rushup Edge. 

G2. Gritstone heaths, avoids the limestone dales, B. <(■ N., J.B. Wirks- 
worth, Gibbs. Froggatt ; Harthill Moor, Baslow ; Crich Common. 

C. Birleyhay, Ford ; Brierly Wood, Unstone ; Hardwick, on old heath- 
land. 

Tl. Shirley Wood ; by the Ash Cover, Bradley Brook ; near the Knob, 
Hulland ; Mickleover ; Dalebrook, Sudbury. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam, Seal Brook, Hb. Mason. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, 
J.B. Scaddow Rocks, Wild Fl. Rept. 



GRAMINE^. 811 

HOLCUS L. 
H, mollis L. Twitch. 

Native. B. Woods, i-oadsides, banks. Common. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

A troublesome weed. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

H. lanatus L. 

Native. B. Meadows, hedgebanks, waste places. Common. P. June-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. " Common uj) to 500 yards," Balicr, J.B. 

TRISBTUM Pers. 

T. pratense Pers. Yellow Oat-f/rass. T. flavescns P.B. Arena flavesccns L. 
Native. B. Meadows, pastures, roadsides. Common. P. June-July. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 
Generally distributed. " Common up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

AVBNA L. 

A - pubeSCenS Huds. Ihivni/ Oat-f/rass. 

Native. B. Gravelly or limestone pastures, roadsides. Frequent. P. 
June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Chee Dale, 300 yards, West, J.B. Buxton, Wild, C.I). Ashford Dale, 
Painter, J.B. Monsal Dale, Hb. Salt. Abundant in limestone pastures about 
Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Longstone Edge. 

Tl. Introduced with rocks from Ballidon, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Smith 
MSS. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Shirley Common; Ednaston ; Yeaveley; Cub- 
ley Common. 

T2. Canalside near Chaddesden. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, Hh. Mason ! Burton-on- 
Trent ; Willington, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

A. pratensiS /- Meadow Oat-grass. 

Native. B. Dry limestone slopes, dry fields. Plentiful locally. P. July. 

First found, Salt, 1799 ; record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Common amongst the limestone cliffs, 200-400 yards. Baker, J.B. Dia- 
mond Hill, Rogers. Monsal Dale, Whitehead, CD. Slopes of High Fell, 350 
yards, West, J.B. Matlock ; Dovedale, B. <£■ N., J.B. Castleton ; Middleton 
Dale, Hh. Salt. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Bradwell ; Dale Head, near Wheston. 

P. Markland Grips ; Belph Moor, Whitwell. 

Tl. In meadows [Osmaston-by- Ashbourne neighbourhood], Smith MSS. 

T3. Eepton, Bept. F. d- F. Burton-on-Trent, Painter, J.B. 

Var. alpina (Sm.). 

L. Buxton, Phijt. i, 129. 



312 GRAMINE.E. 

*A. strigOSa Schreb. Casual. 

L. Brassington Rocks, Noivers. 

A. atua •£• ^f'if'^ Oat. 

Colonist. BE. Arable land, in corn crops. Rare. A. July-August. 
First record, Glover, 1829. 
C. Heanor, Watson's N.B.G. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Brizlincote, N.H. Tiitb. Repton, Bept. 
F. (0 F. 

ARRHENATHERUM £r,nu'. 

A. avenaceum Bi'dxr. Fnhr Oat-i/rass. Arena elatlor L. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, woods, waysides, fields. Common. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed and abundant. The var. nodosum Reichb. occurs 
with the type on dry soil. " Common np to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

SIEGLINGIA Bernh. 

S. decumbens Bmih. Trlodia dccitJiilicns Beauv. 

Native. B. Heaths, pastures, waysides. Frequent. P. June-Jul}-. 

First record, Phyt. N.S., 1858, 539. 

L. Foot of Chee Tor, Baker, J.B, Diamond Hill; Monsal Dale, Rogers. 
Matlock, Hb. Mason! Dovedale, Phyt., 1858. Dale Head, Wheston ; Longstone 
Edge ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Ascends to 550 yards on Axe Edge, Rogers. Charlesworth, Whitehead, 
CD. Valley of the Goyt, Painter, J.B. Edale; near the Snake Inn ; Tarden, 
near Mellor ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. <(■ N., J.B. Abney ; Eyam Moor; Curbar ; near 
Baslow, 

C. Once seen near Chesterfield, Waterfall. Troway ; woods S.E. of 
Westhorpe ; Unthank ; Cutthorpe ; between Tibshelf and Hucknall ; Sutton 
Scarsdale. 

P. Elmton ; near the Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Shirley ; Yeaveley ; Cubley ; Mickleover ; gravelly heath by railway 
soi;th of Findern. 

T3. Bretby Park; Calke Park, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, N.H. Tuth. 

PHRAGMITES Trin. 

P, COinniUnis TrUi. Common Reed. Arundo Th rag mites L, 

Native. B. Pools, rivers, damp copses. Rather rare ; abundant locally. 
P. Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Monsal Dale, CD. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashfon. Charlesworth, Whitehead, CD. 



GRAMINE.E. 313 

G2. Eeservoirs near Matlock, rare, B. <£■ N., J.B. Duffield, Painier, J. B. 
North of Belper, near the railway. 

P. East side of Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Radbourn, Painter, Nat'. Between Longford and Peat- 
hays ; pond by the railway, between Sndbiiry and Scropton ; near R. Dove, 
Clifton. 

T3. Abont Calke, Purchas, J.B. Burton, Hb. Mason ! R. Trent, Ingleby, 
Hassi, CD. Drakelow, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Rept. 



CYNOSURUS L. 

C. cristatus L. Crested Dog's-tail Grass. 

Native. B. Pastures, meadows, roadsides. Common. P. Jnly-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

KCBLERIA Pers. 
K.. cristata P'>-s. 

Native. B. Dry pastures, roadsides, especially on limestone. Locally 
abundant. P June-July. 

First record, Engl. Bot., 1799. Aira cristata. 

L. Very common in this district. " Miller's Dale, 300 yards," West, J.B. 

G2. Crich, Garner. 

P. Markland Grips. 

T3. In one or two spots, and in small quantity, Calke, Purchas, J.B. 

MOLINIA Schrank. 
M. varia Schrank. Purple Melic Grass. J/, crernlea Moench 

Native. B. Boggy moorland, marshes. Locally abundant. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Newhaven, Painter, J.B. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Fl. AsJiton. Valley of the Goyt, CD. Allport Dale; 
Glossop ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. <C N., J.B. Moors near Owler Bar, The Naturalist. 
Froggatt ; by Hay Wood, Grindleford. 

C. Newton Wood; Totley Moss. 

P. Scarcliffe Park Wood; near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Shirley Wood; near Osmaston Church, by an old gravel pit, Smith 
MSS. Kedleston, Crewe iC- Whittaker. Peathays, Shirley. 

T3. In a heathy clayey spot near St. Brides; "bog at Foremark Park" 
{Bloxam), Purchas, J.B. Scaddows, Wild Fl. Rept. 



314 GRAMINE/E. 

CATABROSA Ji'y"". 

C. aquatica Unn/v. 

Native. B. Ditches, drains, pondsides. Rare. P. May-July. 

First record, Smith MSS., 1854-70. 

L. Near the Ebbing and Flowing Well, Buxton, Piirchas. Roadside, 
Wardlow Mires, Linton ! 

G2. Canal at Whatstandwell, B. d- N., J.B. Cromford Canal, Bogers. 

P. By pool, near the Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Between Brailsford and Derby, by the roadside, SmifJi MSS. Road- 
side, lower part of Shirley Village. 

T3. Swarkeston, Painter, Nat^. 

. MBLICA z. 
M. nutans i- 

Native. S. Damp woods in hilly districts, especially on limestone. Rather 
rare. P. May-June. 

First found, Salt, 1800; record, Burton, 1821. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards. West, J.B. Miller's Dale ; Cressbrook Dale ; 
Dovedale; Cromford and Via Gellia, Painter, J.B. <& Natt. High Tor, Matlock, 
Whittaker, B.L. Bee, 1875, 133. Lathkil Dale, Gibbs. Monsal Dale, Hb. Salt. 
Ashwood Dale ; Chee Dale. 

C. Norton, Hb. Salt. 

M. uniflora Jict~- Melie Grass. 

Native. EB. Hedgebanks, woods, copses. Common. P. Maj'-June. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Occurs in every district, though slightly local in its occurrence. " Woods 
up to 300 yards," Baker, J.B. 

DACTYLIS L. 

D. glomerata L. Cock's-foot Grass. 

Native. B. Fields, waysides, waste places. Common. P. June-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Very common. "Up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. A viviparous state occurs 
on cliffs in Chee Dale. 

BRIZA L. 

B. media -i. Qiaikuu/ Grass. 

Native. BE. Pastures, waysides, heaths. Common. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 



GRAMINE.E. 315 

POA L. 
p. annua L. 

Native. B. Fields, waste places, waysides. Very common. A. Jau.-Dec. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

" Asceuds to Axe Edge, over 550 j'ards, " iJa^er, J.B. A variety approach- 
ing P. siqjitia Gaud, occurs at 1,800 feet, in Grinds Brook, Edale, on steep 
slopes. 

P. nemoralis L. 

Native. B. Woods, banks, rocks, wall tops. Local. P. May-July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards. West, J.B. Ashwood Dale ; Haddon, 200-350 
yards. Baker, J.B. Monsal Dale ; Matlock Bridge, Rogers. Via Gellia, B. ((■ N., 
J.B. Dovedale, Smith MSS. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Dale Head, near Wheston. 

G2. Between Birchover and Wensley. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 

T3. About Calke, Furchai, J.B. About Burton-on-Trent, Harris, CD. 
Eepton Rocks, Wild Fl. Bept. 

Var. (DifimtifoVio Parnell. 

L. Chee Dale, Painter, Nat'. 

P. compressa i. 

Native. BE. Dry fields, walls, banks. Local. P. June-Aiig. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Blackwell Dale; Buxton, Painter, CD. d- J.B. Matlock Bridge; Via 
Gellia, Rogers. 

G2. Limestone walls at Whatstandwell, B. <f- N., J.B. Hazelwood. 

C. Barlborough. 

P. Elmton ; Markland Grips ; Langwith Junction and L'pper Langwith ; 
The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Yelderslej', abundant in fields ; walls at Corley, BradleJ^ 

T3. Swarkeston Bridge, Bloxam. Old walls, Repton, and on a roof at 
Calke, Purchas, J.B. 

P. pratensis L. 

Native. B. Fields, road-sides, banks, walls. Common. P. June-July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. SHhccerulea (Sm.). Glover, 1829. 

L. Common on limestone cliffs and walls, Baker, J.B. 
Tl. Roadside banks, Shirley ; Hilton Common ; Marston Montgomery. 

P. trivialis L. 

Native. B. Fields, meadows, woods, waysides. Common. P. June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

" Common up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. 



316 GRAMINE.E. 

Var. glabra Doell. 

Tl. On a shady bank by the road between Cubley and Marston Montgomery. 

GLYCERIA B.Br. 

G. fluitans R.Br. I'lotc Grass. 

Native. B. Brooks, canals, ponds. Common. P. June-Sept. 

First record, PUkington, 1789. Festuca fluitans. 

Generally distributed. " Common up to 500 yards, Baker, J.B. " Swamps 
up to 300 yards" [Matlock], B. £ N., J.B. 

G. plicata Fr. 

Native. EB. Brooks, ponds, canals. Frequent. P. June-Sept. 

First record. Baker, J.B., 1884. 

L. Miller's Dale, CD. Dovedale, B. <(■ N., J.B. Cromford, Baileij. Near 
Hartington, Purchas. 

Gl. Common up to 500 yards [Buxton], Baker, J.B. Chapel-en-le-Frith, 
Bogers. 

C. Barlborough Low Common ; Dale. 

P. Elmton ; Houghton ; Glapwell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat(. Markeaton ; Barton Blount ; Dalebrook, 
Sudbury ; between Longford and Peathays, Shirley ; near Ladyhole, Ashbourne. 

T3. Drakelow. 

Var. pediccllata (Townsend). 

L. Common in the lower reaches of Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. Between 
Miller's Dale and Monsal Dale, Bogers. Hope ; Brough. 

Gl. Allport Dale. 

G2. Edge of Strines Wood, Cromford, Bailey, CD. By large pool at 
Calver. 

C. West Hallam, near the Station ; Loscoe. 

P. Houghton. 

Tl. Mugginton ; Mackworth ; Longford; Foston ; Cubley; Boylestone Old 
Hall. 

T2. Canalside below Osmaston, and about Chaddesden and Spondon. 

Var. drpauperata Crepin. 

L. Bradwell Old Moor ; 450 yards. 

Mr. Purchas (J.B,, 1885, 202) remarks: " There are two forms of G. jjlicata ; 
one which I suppose to be the typical plant of Fries, is glaucous, with blunt 
broad leaves, which are folded in vernation ; the other, a much taller plant, 
quite green, like G. fluitans, and with narrow-pointed simply-folded leaves, and 
with a much larger panicle ; both of these, as well as G. pedicellata, were ob- 
served by Mr. C. Bailey and myself about the u^jper Reservoirs of the Via 
Gellia. . . Of G. pedicellata the fruit seems invariably abortive, if not infested 
with ergot, to which it is peculiarly liable." 



GRAMINE.E. 317 

G. aquatica -S'^''. 

Native. EB. By canals, rivers, pools. Frequent. V. July-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Dovedale, CD. 

G2. Canal south of Whatstandwell, B. /(■ N., J.B. Cromford, Painter, 
Natt. 

C. Near Renisliavv, Waterfall. Canal near Shipley Gate, and near Kirk 
Hallam ; Fritchlej-. 

Tl. Findern, Painter, Nat^. Marston-on-Dove ; Scropton ; Sudbiiry. 

T2. Spondon, Painter, Nat'. Thrumpton Ferry; Sandiacre ; by the Ere- 
wash, at Long Eaton. 

T3. Pond at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Willington ; Swarkeston Bridge ; Burton- 
on-Trent, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Sept. Canalside, Egginton. 

FE3TUCA i;. 

F. rigfida Ktmth. Sderockloa rif/lda Link. 

Native. BE. Dry places, wall tops. Rather rare. A. Maj'-July. 
First found. Salt, 1801 ; record. Glover, 1829. Poa rigicla. 
L. Wall near Monsal Dale Station, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Miller's Dale, 
Painter, J.B. Near Bakewell, Hb. Salt. Near Dovedale, Purchas. Wall at 
Redhouse Farm, between Sandybrook and Thorpe. 
P. Wall near Clowne, Waterfall, CD. 
T2. Sandiacre. 
T3. Ticknall Quarry, Bept. F. d- F. 

F. Myurus L. F. jjwnlo-Myurm Soy-Will. 

Native. E. Dry sandy places, walls. Very rare. A. June-July. 
First record. Glover, 1829. Top. Bot. " Howitt Cat." 
T3. Repton Park Wall, Bept. F. <fc F. 

F. SciuroideS Jiotfi. Ttdpia sciuroides Gm. 

Native. B. Dry waysides, banks, walls. Local. A. May-June. 

First record. Glover, 1829. F. bromoides. 

C. Casual on arable land, Shirland. 

Tl. Sandy places by roadsides [Osmaston-by-Ashbourue neighbourhood], 
Smith MSS. Slack Lane, Brailsford ; between the Mill and the wood, Shirley ; 
by cart road, north of Bradley Park Farm. 

T2. Sawley ; Boyah Grange, Dale. 

T3. Dry banks between Calke and Melbourne, and also at Dimminsdale, 
Purchas, J.B. Egginton Common. 

F- Ovina i- Shecp^ Fescue Grms. 

Native. B. Dry pastures, dales, heaths, waysides. Common. P. June- 
July. 

First record, PiU:ington, 1789. 



318 



GEAMINE.E. 



General and abundant through the County. " Ascends over 550 yards on 
Axe Edge," Baker, J.B. 

Var. ctiptUata Hackel. 

Gl. Fah-brook, near the Snake Inn; by R. Noe, Edale. 

G2. Frequent on gritstone heaths about Matlock, B. <& N., J.B. 

Var. (jlaHca (Lam). 

L. Dovedale, Pitrchas, J.B. Eldon Hill ; Longstone Edge. 
Gl. Near the Snake Inn; Longseats, Castleton. 

F. rubra L. var. fallax Thuill. F. ovlna, var. duriuscula Hackel. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, waysides, banks. Common. P. June- 
July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. A very variable species, becoming much reduced at 
high altitudes, and very luxuriant in low meadow land. " Frequent up to 500 
yards" [Buxton], Baker, J.B. "Banks and grassy places" [Calke], Purchas 
J.B. F. rubra. 

F. silvatica Fill. Wood Fescue. 

Native. S. Woods in hilly districts. Very rare. P. July. 

First record, Pilklngton, 1789 (who, however, speaks of it as " common in 
woods " rendering his record more or less uncertain) ; Knapp, Gram. Brit., 
1804. F. calamaria. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Painter, J.B. Plentiful at Matlock, Knapjp. 

Gl. Shady part of Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, very plentiful, Whitehead, 
B.L., Bee., 1875, 133. 

F. elatior L. 

Native. B. Meadows, damp pastures, canalsides. Frequent. P. June- 
July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Taddington Wood, 250 yards. Baker, J.B. Dovedale ; especially plen- 
tiful in the Via Gellia ; when in flower its divaricate panicle-branches make it 
consjiicuous, Purchas, J.B. Miller's Dale, Rogers, Castleton ; by the Wye, at 
Ashford. 

C. By the canal, north of Chesterfield; near Kirk Hallam ; New Stanton. 

P. Rowthorne ; Scarcliffe Park Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Pai/i^e/-, J^a^'. Shirley; Cubley Common, and Darley Moor. 

T2. Canalside at Chaddesden, and Chellaston; Trentlock ; Sandiacre. 

T3. Burton, Hb. Mason! 

Var. pscudololiacea Hackel. Glover, 1829. F. loUucea. 

L. Dovedale, Nowers, 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs (var. loliacca), Fl. Ashton. Chinley; Chapel- 
en-le-Frith. 



GRAMIXE.E. 319 

Tl. Sinfin Moor ; pond below Yeldersley Hall. 

T'2. Meadows on the way to Spondon, and below Moor Lane, Ockbrook, 
Smith MSS. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. (loliucea). 

Var. prateii-sis Hiids. Glover, 1829. 

" Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. General through the County. 

'H.yhridi.^ Loll t(, II pcr( line. B.E.C. Hep. for 1898, 1899. 

G2. Field beyond the brook north of Wensley, towards the Birchover 
Road, several plants with the parents. 

C. Alfreton; Shirland ; Tibshelf. 

F. arundinacea Sehreb. 

Native. B. Streams, canals. Rare. P. June-July. 
First record, ^V.//., Tidb., 1863. 
L. Miller's Dale ; Cressbrook Dale, Hannan, CD. 
Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 

T3. Burton, Hb. Mason ! Drakelow, N.E. Tuth. 

This and the preceding are connected by intermediate forms, and should 
be distinguished as varieties rather than species. 

BROMUS L. 

B. giganteus L. Tail Brome Grass. Festnca gigantea Vill. 

Native. BE. Shady places, woods, hedgebanks. Frequent. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Wye Valley, up to Buxton, 300 yards. Baker, J.B. Dovedale ; thickets 
about Matlock, much less common than B. asper, B. c(- N., J.B. Great 
Shacklow Wood ; Cressbrook Dale. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Rogers. Hayfield ; Mills, near Mellor ; Hathersage. 

G2. Holbrook, and east of Allestree Park ; Froggatt ; Bubnell, Baslow. 

C. Woods near Horton, The Naturalist. The Moss, Mosbrough ; West- 
thorpe ; by pool east of Killamarsh ; woods N.E. of Coal Aston ; Sheepbridge ; 
wood by Pebley Pond, Barlborough. 

P. Markland Grips. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat'. By Brailsford Brook ; Shirley ; Stydd. 

T2. On the brook banks below Moor Lane, towards Dale [from Ockbrook], 
Smith MSS. 

T3. About Calke, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, Hb. Mason ! Drakelow, 
Nowers. Repton, Wild Fl. Sept. 

B. ramOSUS Huds. Rough Brome Grass. B. asper Miirr. 

Native. BE. Woods, hedges, bushy banks. Common. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. B. hirsutus. 

Generally distributed, perhaps most abundant on limestone. "Up to 300 
yards," Baker, J.B, 



320 GRAMINE.E. 

B. erectus liuds. 

Native. GE. Limestone pastiu-es and roadsides, dry banks. Local and 
rare. P. June-Julj\ 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Cressbrook Dale, Sunderland <f- Hannan, CD. Miller's Dale, Painter, 
J.B. 

C. Barlborough. 

P. Markland Grips, near Clowue, Waterfall, CD. Bolsover ; near The 
Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Between Osmaston Manor and Copse Hill, Smith MSB. 

T2. Not very common but found in a wood near Little Eaton, Pilkington. 

B. sterilis L. 

Native. BE. Woods, hedgebauks, waste jjlaces. Common. A. June-July. 
First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed. " Ascends to 400 yards on limestone rocks over 
Castleton," Baker, J.B. 

B. secalinus L. 

Colonist. BE. Arable land. Rare. A. June- July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Gl. Charlesworth, Painter, J.B. 

T2. Near Hopwell Hall, Watson's K.B.G. 

Var. vclutiitus (Schrad). 

T3. Newhall, Hh. Mason. 

B. racemosus L- 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, arable and waste land. Eather rare. P. 
June-July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Near Dovedale, Fraser, CD. 

G2. In damp parts of meadows near the Ecclesbourn Brook above Shottle 
Station. 

C. Shirland. 

P. Whitwell. 

Tl. Near the Knob, Hulland ; fields adjoining Yeldersley Lane ; between 
Vicarage and the Wood, Shirley. 

T3. Damp grassy places, especially where water stands in the winter 
[Calke], Purchas, J.B. 

B. commutatus Sc/irad. 

Native or Colonist. B. Meadows, waysides, fields. Rare. B. June- July. 
First record, The Flora. 

Tl. Roadside between Osmaston and Ladyhole, near Ashbourne; by brook 
at Hilton. 

T3. Ticknall, Purchas. Burton, Hh. Mason. 



GRAMINE^. 321 

B. mollis L. Soft Broine Grass. 

Native. B. Fields, meadows, waysides, waste places. Common. A. or B. 
Jiine-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

General and abundant. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

[B. arvensis L. Glover, 1829. 
Shirley, CD. An error.] 

BRACHYPODIUM Beauv. 

B. gracile Beauv. False Brome Grass.\^ B. sihatieum R. & S. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, wood borders. Common. P. July-Aug. 
First record, N.H. Tidh., 1863. 

" Common in woods up to 350 yards," Baker, J.B. Not noticed on the 
magnesian limestone, where B. i^inyiatitm seems to take its place. 

B, pinnatum Beauv. 

Native. GE. Dry limestone or chalky slopes, pastures. Locally abundant. 
P. July-Aug. 

First record, Watson's N.B.G., 1837. 

L. Matlock Bath, Smith MSS. Great Kocks Dale. 

G3. Crich Stand, Painter, J.B. 

C. Westthorpe ; Barlborough Low Common ; has spread to these localities 
from the neighbouring Permian. 

P. Abundant in all this district ; noticed at Bolsover ; Clowne ; Elmton, 
Glapwell; Eowthorne, &c., B.E.C. Bep., 1893, 439. 

LOLIUM L. 
Li. perenne L. Bamei. 

Native. B. Roadsides, fields, waste ground. Common. P. June-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General and plentiful. " Common up to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 

^Var. italicum (Braun). 

L. Introduced at Matlock, B. <& N., J.B. Miller's Dale, Rogers. 
G2. Between Birchover and Stanton ; Kelstedge. 
C. Near the Rother, Renishaw ; Shirland ; Alfreton. 

Tl. Shirley ; fields, Yeldersley ; between AUestree and Quarndon ; Boyle- 
stone Old Hall ; Hatton ; Church Broughton. 
T2. Sandiacre ; Shardlow. 
T3. Fields about Calke, Purchas, J.B. 

Xj. temulentum J^- Bearded Darnel, 

Colonist. BE. Cultivated land. Rare. A. June-July. 
First record. Glover, 1829. 
X 



322 



GRAMINE.E. 



L. Above Miller's Dale Station, about 350 yards, Rogers. 

Tl. Near Rodsley, Smith MSS. 

T3. Parson's Hills, Repton, Be2)t. F. ,C- F. 

AGROPYRON /. Gan-t. 

A. caninum Beauv. Triticum eaninum Huds. 

Native. B. Woods, copses, hedgebanks, brooksides. Frequent. P. July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Common in the limestone woods up to Buxton, 350 yards. Baker, J.B, 
Matlock, frequent up to 350 yards, B. A N., J.B. Miller's Dale, Ropers. Via 
Gellia, Gibhs. Dovedale, Purchas. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Asliton. Ashopton. 

G2. By the Derwent, below Mytham Bridge.' 

C. Loscoe; West Hallam ; woods near Coal Aston; The Moss, Mosbrough; 
Sheepbridge ; by Pebley Pond ; Dale ; New Stanton. 

P. Bolsover ; Cresswell Crags ; Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Tl. Between Snelston and Norbury Church, Smith MSS. By Bradley 
Brook ; copses near Longford ; Cubley ; Markeaton ; Allestree ; Kedleston Park ; 
Barton Blount. 

T2. Near Trent Station ; Wilsthorpe, near Long Eaton. 

T3. Banks of bi-ook at Heath End, Purchas, J.B. Calke, Bloxam. Burton- 
on-Treut, Painter, J.B. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept, 

A repens Beauv. Twitch. Couch Grass, 

Native. B, Hedgerows, bushy places, field borders. Common. P. June- 
August. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

General through the County. " Common up to 400 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. barbatum Duval- Jouve. Wats. B.E.C. Rep. 1889, 12. 

Gl. Hope ; Hague Bar, near New Mills ; Derwent Dale ; above Castleton, 

G2. Hathersage. 

C. East of Totley; Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

P. Bolsover ; Clowne. 

Tl. Shirley ; Yeldersley Lane ; Hatton ; Longford. 

T2. Elvaston. 
Var. obtusum Syme. 

Gl. Derwent Dale. 

G2. Kelstedge. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Yeldersley. 

NARDUS L. 

N. stricta L. Mat Grass. 

Native. B. Moorland,- heathy roadsides. Locally plentiful. P. June- 
July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789, 



GRAMINE.E. 323 

> L. Dovedale, B. <£■ N., J. B. Diamond Hill, Rogers. Alsop Moor, Purchas. 

Gl. Ascends over 550 yards on Axe Edge, Baker, J.B. Near Glossop, 
and Snake Inn ; Edale ; near Eyam ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; abundant on all 
the moors. 

G2. Tansley Moor, B. <(• N., J.B. Moors near Dore ; Dethick Moor, Gibbs. 
East of Bradwell. 

C. Wessington Common. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Yeldersley. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Purchas, J.B. Linton Heath, Painter, J.B. 

HORDEUM Z. 

H. silvaticum Huds. Wood Barley. Ehjmus europceus L. 

Native. GE. Woods and copses, mostly on limestone. Rare. P. Jiily- 
Aug. 

First records, Withering, 1787 ; Pilkington, 1789 ; Knapp, 1804. 

L. On the Bakewell Road, Buxton, Bab. B.L. Bee, 1877, 245. Matlock, 
Garner. Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Fl. Ashton. 

P. Pleasley Park, Watson's N.B.G. 

H, secalinum Schreb. Meadow Barley. H. pratcnse Hud.s. 

Native. E. Meadows, fields, waysides. Local. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Near Bakewell, on the road to Buxton, Watson's N.B.G. 

C. In the fields about Coxbench, Pilkington. 

Tl. Occasionally in meadows [Osmaston-by-Ashboiirne neighbourhood]. 
Smith MSS. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Between Allestree and Quarndon ; 
Sinfin Moor; Marston Montgomery. 

T2. Between Chellaston and Swarkeston, Painter, Nat*. Pastures by R. 
Erewash, near Long Eaton ; Sawley. 

T3. Meadows at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Stapenhill, N.H. Tutb. Repton, 
Wild Fl. Rept. 

H. murinum I-. Wall Barley. 

Native. EB. Waste places, roadsides, especially near villages and buildings 
Locally abundant. P. Jiine-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Painter, Natt. 

C. Near Codnor Park Station, 300 feet ; Ilkeston ; New Stanton. 

Tl. Common about Derby, G.D. By Tutbury Bridge, and near Hatton. 

T2. Chellaston, Uasse, CD. Spondon ; canal, Borrowash Bridge, Smith 
MSS. Near Trent Station ; Sandiacre ; Long Eaton ; Shardlow ; Boulton. 

T3. At Swarkeston Bridge ; Repton, Purchas. Calke, Bloxam. Egginton, 
especially by canal bridges. 



324 CONIFERS. 

B. Gymnosperm/e. 

CONIFER/E. 

JUNIPBRUS L. 

J. communis L. Juniper. 

Native. B. Limestone slopes. Eare. S. May-June. 

First record, Baker, J.B., 1884. 

L. Ashwood Dale, limestone cliffs, 350 [550 in J.B.] yards, Baker, J.B. 

TAXUS X. 
T. baccata L. Yetv. 

Native. E. Woods and cliffs on limestone, doubtfully indigenous else- 
where. Frequent. T. March-April. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Matlock Tor, and over Bonsall, truly wild, but in small quantity 
B. d- N., J.B. Plentiful in some of the cliffs in Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. 
Miller's Dale; Middleton, The Naturalist. Cromford, Gibbs. Great Rocks 
Dale. 

C. Wood by Pebley Pond. The largest I have seen growing wild are 
situated on Smalley Common, Pilkington. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips ; Langwith Wood. 

T2. Morley, CD. 

T3. About Calke, doubtfully wild, Purchas, J.B. Foremark Bottoms 
Hagger, CD. Anchor Church, Wild Fl. Bept. 

PINUS L. 

p. silvestris -t- Scotch Fir. 

Denizen ; often planted or self-sown. S. Hillsides, hedges, copses. Fre 
quent. T. May. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Matlock, Crewe S WJtittaker. 

Gl. Planted up to 500 yards, near Buxton, Baker, J.B. About Chinley 
and Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

G2. Self-sown about the Lumsdale Grit Quarries, B. d- N., J.B. Black 
rocks near Wirksworth, Gibbs. Lea Hill, Cromford, Painter, NatK 

Tl. Radbourn, Bindley. Shirley ; Mackworth. 

T3. Bretby, Gibbs. Repton, Wild Fl. Bept. 



FILICES. 325 

Cryptogam E/t. 

FILICES. 

PTBRIS L. 

P. Aquilina L. Bracken. Bruke. 

Native. B. Woods, heaths, hedge banks. Common. P. June-July. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

Generally distributed. " Ascends to 550 yards on Axe Edge, just meeting 
Buhus Chammmorus," Baker, J.B. On Bleaklow Hill, Fferis reaches to about 
600 yards at Grinah Stones, whilst B. ChariKEinorus descends towards Wood- 
head to about 530 yards. "Absent from Dovedale," Purchas, J.B. 

[CryptOgramme crispa R.Br. Parsley Fern. 

Native or error ? Bot. Guide, 1805. Top. Bot. " Derby ? " 511. 

Gl. Chinley Hills, near Chapel-en-le-Frith, Howard in B.G. It is probable 
that this fern did once grow in the above locality ; Newman in his British 
Ferns (1854) regarded it as then extinct.] 

LOMARIA ^'<vw. 

L. Spicant Desv. Hard Fern, Blcchnwn Spieant Roth. B. borealc L. 

Native. B. Heaths, rocky moorland, woods, banks, avoiding limestone. 

Frequent. P. July. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

Gl. "Ascends to 550 yards on Axe Edge," Baker, J.B. Biirbage Edge, 
CD. Fernilee, Plujt. N.S., 1860, 351. Torside Clough ; near Goyt's Bridge ; 
near the Snake Inn ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Gritstone heaths near Matlock, B. <£• N., J.B. Moors near Dore, 
Gihhs. Abney ; B\irbage Brook ; Froggatt ; Eyam Moor. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe A Wliittaker. Walton Wood; Totley Moss. 

Tl. Moist banks [Osmaston-by-Ashbourne neighbourhood]. Smith MSS. 
Burnaston, Bindley. Shirley. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibhs. Kepton Shrubs, Painter, J.B. 

ASPLENIUM L. 
A. Adiantum-nigrum L. Black SpUenwort. 

Native. B. Rocks, walls, shady banks. Rare. P. May- Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Via Gellia, Rowland, CD. Dovedale, Phyt. N.S., 1858, 538. Near 
Eyam, Painter, NatK 

Gl. Fernilee, Phyt. 1860, 350. 

C. Breadsall Moor ; Horsley Castle, Crewe (& Whittaker. 

Tl. Doveridge Church; Brailsford, Smith MSS. Bank of road between 
Yeaveley and Rodsley. 



326 FILICES. 

T3. "Walls at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Cricketfield wall, Kepton; Anchor 
Church, Wild Fl. Ee])t. 

A viride Huds. Green Spleen wort. 

Native. H. Damp limestone rocks. Rather rare. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Castleton to Old Moor, rare, 400 j'ards, West, J.B. Miller's Dale, one 
plant, Rogers. Near Buxton, Bree in Purton. At the top of a ravine above 
Peveril Castle, Garner. Dovedale, Neivni. Br. F. Extinct ? Near Hartington, 
Fylcles. Rocks over Brook Bottom, Tideswell ; north side of Eldon Hill, 500 
yards ; Great Rocks Dale ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; 
wooded part of Chee Tor; rocks under HarjJer Hill. 

C. Coxbench Wood, Pilkington. 

A. TrichomaneS L. Maidenhair Spleemcort. 

Native. B. Rocks, walls. Not uncommon. P. May-Sept. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

L. Up to 400 yards, Wormhill, West, J.B. Miller's Dale, CD. Tadding- 
ton Wood, 250 yards, Baker, J.B. Poole's Hole ; Matlock, Gishorne. Upper 
Dove, below Buxton, Purchas. The Winnatts ; Harborough Rock ; Bee Low, 
and Conies Dale, near Peak Forest ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; near Monyash, and 
Ricklow Quarry. 

Gl. Near Whaley Bridge, towards Buxton, Phijt. N.S., 1860, 350. Mellor, 
Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Froggatt Edge, Painter, NatK 

C. Dale, Basse, CD. 

P. Steetley, Friend. Markland Grips. 

Tl. Copse Hill, Osmaston-by-Ashbourne, Smith MSS. On a wall at Quarn- 
don, Pilkington. 

T2. Breadsall Church, Crewe d- Whittaker. Derby, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Walls at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Anchor Church, Wild Fl. Bept. 

A , Ruta-muraria L- JFall Rue. White Maidenhair. 

Native. B. Walls, cliffs. Frequent. P. May-Sept. 

First record, Dillenius, 1724. " Butam murariam foliis variegatis. . . D. 
liichardson eamdeni var. ex, coin. Derhiensi in hortum suum intulit." 

" In the rocky clefts of the hills of Derbyshire. . . . the fronds attain a 
length of six or eight inches and a branched habit that might readily induce 
the casual observer to regard it as a different species," Sowerby, Ferns of Grt. 
Brit., 1855. • 

L. Limestone cliffs, ascending to 400 yards over Castleton, Baker, J.B. 
Wormhill, 400 yards. West, J.B. Miller's Dale, Barrow. Walls about Matlock, 

B. <£■ N., J.B. Wirksworth, Gihhs, Dovedale, Purchas. Conies Dale, and Bee 
Low, near Peak Forest ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; near Monyash. 

Gl. Fernilee, Phtjt. N.S., 1860, 351, Bridge over the Etherow, about two 
miles from Mottram, Buxton's B.G. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 



FILICES. 



327 



G2. DuflSeld Bridge, Crewe <t Whiftaker. Shatton ; Grindleford Bridge ; 
Baslow ; Ambergate ; Fallgate, Ashover. 

C. Wall at Norton, The Naturalist. 

P. Whitwell, The Naturalist. Markland Grips; Cresswell Crags; Upper 
Langwith. 

Tl. Walls about Derby, CD. Ashbourne Churchyard, Miss Sandford. 
Quarndon, Glover, 

T2. Breadsall Church ; Morley, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

T3. Walls at Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Eepton, Wild Fl. Bept. 

ATHYRIUM Roth. 

A. Filix-foemina Ruth. Lady Fem. 

Native. B. Woods, shady banks, by streams. Frequent. P. June-July. 

First records, Martyn, Phil. Trans., 1729. " Filix mas non ramosa, pinnulis 
angustis raris profunda dentatis," Ger. emac. 

L. Longstone Edge. " Rare in the limestone dales," Baker, J.B. 

Gl, Ascends to 550 yards on Axe Edge, Baker, J.B. Chapel-en-le-Frith ; 
Curbar Wood; between Bugsworth and New Mills, Rogers. Fernilee, Phijt. 
N.S., 1858, 612. Near the Snake Inn; near Crowden Eeservoir ; Bamford. 

G2. Near Hathersage ; near Fox House Inn ; moorside west of Kirk 
Ireton ; marsh by Cratcliffe Wood. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Crewe <& Wliittaker. Totley Moss ; quarry between 
Mosbrough and Killamarsh ; woods near Coal Aston ; Barlow Brook ; Nether 
Loads, Old Brampton. 

P. Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Cubley Brook to Birchwoodmoor ; brook below 
Hulland Hall ; Cutler Brook, Kedleston ; Atlow ; Bradley ; east of Sudbury. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Repton ; Drakelow, Hb. Mason ! Repton Rocks, 
Wild Fl. BejJt. 

Var. rha-t'icum (Roth.) Var. conrexum Newm. 

L. On the Leek Road, quarter of a mile from Buxton, Withering. About 
Matlock, Phyt. NS., 1858, 612. Scow Brook, Hognaston. 
Gl. Chinley; Edale; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 
G2. Chatsworth ; near Kirk Ireton ; Handley Wood, Shottle. 

Var. incisum Newm. 
G2. Chatsworth. 

Var. inolle Roth. 

G3. Sandstone near Matlock, Phijt. N.S., 1858, 612. 

CETERACH TFilM. 

C. oflBcinarum TTilld. Scaly Spleenwort. 

Native. E. On limestone rocks, walls. Rare. P. May- June. 
First record, Jewitt, 1811. Asplenium ceterach. 



328 FILICES. 

L. Upper part of Lathkil Dale, Ley. On the rocks near Biixton, Wilson. 
Dovedale, formerly abundant, now almost extinct, Purchas, J.B. Near Beresford 
Dale. 

T3. Newton, Bloxam. 

SCOLOPBNDRIUM Adans. 

S_ vulgare Si/iiwhs, Harfs Tongue. 

Native. BE. Shady banks, old wells, woods, rocks. Frequent. P. July- 
Aug. 

First record, Pilhington, 1789. Asplenium scolopendrium. 

L. Limestone cliffs, Matlock, avoids the gritstone, B. £ N., J.B. Near 
Buxton, Green, CD. Dovedale ; Cromford, Gishorne. Via Gellia, Painter, Natt. 
Monk's Dale, Linton. Cresshrook. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Buxton's B.G. Mellor ; Ludworth, Fl. Ashton. Near 
.Whaley Bridge, towards Buxton, Plujt. N.S., 1860, 350. 

P. Markland Grips. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Old well in Shirley Village. Littleover, 
Pilkingtoti. 

T2. Breadsall, very rare, Whittaker, Phyt. 

T3. Ca,lke, Purchas, J.B. StaTpenhiW, Hb. Mason ! BeTpton, Wild Fl. Eept. 

CYSTOPTBRIS £<rnh. 

C. fragilis Bimh. Bladder Fern. 

Native. BH. Limestone rocks, elsewhere rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record. Bay. Cat., 1677. Filix saxatilis caule tenui fragili, J.B. 

L. Lover's Leap, Buxton, An. Brit. F. Limestone cliffs over Castleton, 
400 yards, Baker, J.B. Limestone cliffs, Matlock, B. d N,, J.B. Miller's Dale ; 
Mousal Dale, Rogers. Wormhill, 400 yards, West, J.B. Eyam Dale, Hb. Salt. 
Eldon Hill, 500 yards ; Bee Low, Peak Forest ; near Monyash. 

Gl. Fernilee, towards Buxton, Phyt. N.S., 1860, 351. Edale. 

G2. Fallgate, Ashover. 

P. Markland Grips. 

Tl. Between Ellastone and Ashbourne, Smith MSS. 
Var. dtntata Hook. Gem of the Peak, 1845 ; Buxton Guide, 1854. 

L. Cave near Buxton, Hb. Mason ! Matlock, Gem of the Peak. 

Gl. Fernilee, towards Buxton, Phyt. N.S., 1860, 351. 

G2, Chatsworth, Gem of the Peak. 

POLYSTICHUM Jioth. 
[P. Lonchitis Roth. 

Near Buxton, 1863, Dariuen and. Huish in S)nith's Ferns of J)e>-6s.] 

P. lobatuna Presl. Prickly Shield Fern. 

Native. B. Limestone rocks, woods, banks. Rare. P. June-Sept. 

First records, /eiti^^, 1811. P. Lonchitis; Purton, 1817. Aspidium lobatuni. 



FILICES. 329 

L. Chee Dale, 300 yards; Monk's Dale, Wormhill, 350 yards, West, J.B. 
Near Buxton, Bree in Burton, Near Ashbourne, Nowers. Matlock, An. Brit. F. 
Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford. 

Gl. Fernilee, Phijt. N.S., 1860. Stirrup Wood, Buxton's B.G. Near the 
Snake Inn. 

G2. Lindup Wood, Heathy Lea, Chatsworth, Gem of the Peak. 

Tl. Trusley, Painter, NatK 

T'2. Morley, Crewe ct} Whittaker. 

Var. aculeatum Syme. 

Native. B. 

First records, Bloxam MS., 1833; An. Brit. F., 1837. 

L. Monsal Dale; Chee Dale; Longstone Edge, Linton. Matlock Bath, 
Rowland, CD. Peak Forest, CD. Monk's Dale, Wilson. Nearly eradicated in 
Dovedale, Purchas, J.B. 

Gl. Fernilee, Phyt. N.S., 1860. Stirrup Wood near Mottram, Buxton's 
B.G. Mellor; Whitebottom Wood; Strines, Ft. Ashton. 

G2. Lindup Wood, Eowsley, Gem of the Peak. 

P. Markland Grips. 

Tl. Between Edlaston and Yeaveley, opposite Swallow Tail Farm ; Long 
Lane, Edlaston ; Dobbin Horse Lane, near Clifton, Miss Sandforcl. Trusley, 
Bindley. " 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Between Eepton and Bretby, Bept. F. i(- F. 

p. angulare Fred. 

Native. E. Woods, shady banks. Local and rare. P. June- Aug. 

First records, Gem of the Peak, 1845 ? Buxton Guide; 1854. 

L. Near Buxton, Buxton Guide. Monk's Dale, Wilson. Lovers' Walk, 
Matlock Bath, Gem of the Peak. Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Fernilee, Phrjt. N.S., 1860, 350. Near Flash, in the County, Miss M, 
Bogerson. 

G2. Stand Wood, Chatsworth, Gem of the Peak. 

C. Wood below Hallcliff Farm, Nether Loads, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Edlaston Wood, Smith MSS. Top of Quilow Hill, Edlaston, Miss 
Sandford. 

T2. Breadsall, Crewe <fc Whittaker. 

LASTR^A Fresl. 

Li. Oreopteris Presl. Mountain Fern. 

Native. B. Mountain heaths and pastures, copses, banks of streams. 
Locally plentiful. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Bay. Cat., 1677. Filix pumila saxatilis altera Clusii, Park. 

Gl. On Axe Edge, 550 yards, with Pteris and Athyrium Filix-fcemina, 
Baker, J.B. Kinderscout ; Burbage Edge, Painter, J.B. <b CD. Near the 
Powder Mills, and in several little doughs between the Buxton New Eoad and 
the Goyt, Fernilee, Barker. Jaggers Clough, and near Westeud Farm, Gibbs. 



380 FILICES. 

G2. Moors near Dore ; Wirksworth, Gibbs. Dethick Moor, An. Brit. F. 
Froggatt; Eamsley Moor, near Baslow; by Burbage Brook. 

C. Horsley Car, Painter, Nat^. 

P. Eiley, Scarcliffe, An. Brit. F. 

Tl. Between Osmaston and Lentwood Farm ; The Durable, Hulland, 
Smith MSS. 

T3. Eobiu Wood, near Ticknall, Purchas, J.B. Repton Shrubs, Wild 
Fl. Bept. 

L. Filix-mas Prcsl. Male Tern. Nephrodlum FilLr-i)ias Rich. 

Native. B. Hedgebanks, woods, bushy places. Common. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. 

Generally distributed and mostly abundant. " Ascends up to 450 yards in 
Goyt's Clough," Baker, J.B, 

Var. (iffinis Bab. 

First record, Martyn, Phil. T)'«>is., XXXVI., 1729. '■' Filix nias 7ion rainosa, 
pinnulis angiistis, raris, profunde dentatis" Ger. Em. 

G2. Near Cromford Canal, Rogers. 

C. Common about Wingerworth, Martyn. 

Tl. The Holt, Edlaston, Linton. Yeldersley Rough, near Ashbourne. 

Var. Borreri Newm. Var. palcacea Moore. 

Gl. Chinley ; R. Sett, S. of Hayfield ; Combes Moss. 
Tl. Edlaston Coppy. 

Var. ahhrev'iata Bab. 

Gl. In the Peak, Derbyshire, Johnson and Sowerby, Ferns of Gt. Brit., 
1855. 

[Li. cristata Presl. Poh/podium cristatum. 

Gl. Near Buxton, Jewitt, 1811. " Between Macclesfield and Buxton, 
Gisbo7me.] 

[L. uliginosa Newman. 

Top. liot., 516, "57 Derby."] 

L. spinulosa Presl. Kfphrodium spbndosion Desv. 

Native. EB. Damp or marshy woods and thickets. Not uncommon. 
P. June-Aug. First record, Fraiicis, An. Brit. F., 1837. " Derbyshire, Hewitt." 

L. Matlock, Synith, CD. Between Ashwood Dale and Miller's Dale; 
Peak Forest and Old Dam, Wilson, 

Gl. A small form, in a slight hollow on the side of Axe Edge, at about 
400 yards, Bogers. Ditch opposite Grindsbrook, Edale. 

G2. Cromford, Hb. Mason! Near Ashover, Hb. Salt. Shatton ; Burbage 
Brook ; marsh by Cratcliff Wood, near Birchover. 

C. Moorhole, near Hackenthorpe ; Hardwick Wood ; Walton Wood ; Totley 
Moss ; Blake Brook, above Baslow ; wood by Pebley Pond, Barlborough. 



FILICES, 331 

Tl. Shirley Wood, Smith MSS. Yeldersley Rough; Edlaston Coppy ; 
Hulland Moss. 

T3. Eepton Shrubs ; Foremark, Painter, J.B. Repton Rocks, WUd FI. 
Sept. 

Li. dilatata Pr^sl. JVcphrodium dilatatuni Desv. 

Native. B. Woods, damp hedgebanks, thickets. Common. P. Jiine-Aug. 

First record, Sni. Engl. Fl., 1824. Aspidium dumetorum. 

Generally distributed, and abundant in many parts of the County. " Peak 
of Axe Edge, over 550 yards," Baker, J.B. A very glandular form occurs 
in moist woods about Hathersage and Griudleford Bridge, on gritstone. A 
glandular form with narrow fronds and light coloured scales occurs at Chinley 
Churn (Gl). The small form {dumetorum) is recorded in An. Brit. F. 1837, 
for Black Rock, Cromford. 

POLYPODIUM L. 
P. vulgare L- rohipodij. 

Native. B. Banks, rocks, old trees, walls. Common. P. June-Oct. 
First record, Jewitt, 1811. 

General through the County. "Wormhill, 400 yards," West, J.B. 
" Limestone cliffs up to 300 yards," Baker, J.B. 

Var. cambricnm Willd. Jagged Pohjpody. 
L. Near Buxton, Jewitt. 

PHEGOPTBRIS Pred. 

P. Dryopteris Ft'e. Oak Fern. Pobjpodiuin Dri/opteris L. 

Native. S. Mountain woods, shady places among rocks. Rare. P. July- 
Aug. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

L. Hill between the Old and New Baths, Matlock, Phyt. N.S., 1858, 612. 

Gl. Chinley Hill, Bot. Guide. Fernilee, Phyt. N.S., 1860, 351. Charles- 
worth Coombs; Stirrup Wood; Ernocroft, Fl. Ashton. Woods near Compstall 
[in Derbs.], Wilson. Jaggers Clough, Gibbs. Fairbrook Clough, near the Snake 
Inn. 

G2. Near Rowsley, Crewe & Whlttaker. Umberley Brook, low down in 
the woodland, Chatsworth. 

P. About the rocks near Pleasley Forges, Bot. Guide. 

Tl. Cubley, Goodall ! 

P. Calcarea Fee. Llmentonc Fern. Polypodium Robertiauiun Hoffm. 

Native. EI. Damp limestone rocks. Rather rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Bolton. Fil. Brit,, 1790, who describes what ^is evidently this 
plant as a var. of Oak-fern; also Withering, 1792. 



832 FILICES. 

L. Between 250 and 350 yards [Wye Valley], Baker, J.B. Near Buxton, 
Furton. Miller's Dale, Nowers. About Matlock Bath, Sni. Eng. Fl. Matlock, 
Hh. Mason ! Middleton Dale, Glover. Beyond the Bar, Ashbourne to Cromford, 
Smith MSS. Great Rocks Dale; Topley Pike; Coombs Dale, near Calver. 

P. polypodioides J^'^'f- -Beech Fern. Pohjpodliim Plicgopteris L. 

Native. SB. Damp shady places among hills, mountain woods. Rare. 
June-Aug. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. 

L. Near Ashwood Dale, Jewitt. Near Hartington, Smith MSS. 

Gl. Between Ashopton and Snake Inn, Smith MSS. Stirrup Wood, 
Buxton's B.G. Ernocroft, Fl. Ashton. Jaggers Clough, Gibbs. Mellor, Wilson. 
Jarvis Cloiigh, Ashopton ; Fairbrook Cloiigh ; Hood Brook, Hathersage ; Roych 
Clough, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 

G2. Abney Clough. 

Tl. Near Windley, Crewe d- Whittaker. 

OSMUNDA I. 

O. regalis I-. Hoyal Fcm. 

Native. B. Bogs, marshy woods. Very rare. P. June-Aug. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Formerly near Castleton, now extinct through the operations of fern- 
sellers, C.D. 

G2. Darley Dale, Smith MSS. 

Tl. Breward's Car, Mugginton, now extinct, ; carried off to cottagers' 
gardens about 1890; Osmaston Ponds, on one of the islands, planted, I under- 
stand. 

OPHIOGLOSSUM i. 

O. VUlgatum L. Adder's To)iguc. 

Native. B. Meadows, pastures, dales. Frequent. P. May-July. 

First record, Withering, 1792. 

L. Matlock Bath, Cromford ; Thorpe, Rowland, C.D. Miller's Dale, Gibbs. 
Monsal Dale, Painter, Natt. Oxlow Rake, and Perryfoot, near Peak Forest ; 
Litton ; lields, north side of IHassop, 

Gl. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Burbage, Painter, J.B. Mellor, Wilson. Chinley ; 
Edale ; Hood Brook, Hathersage. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gibbs. Between Whatstandwell and Cromford, Nat. 
Hist. Journ. Shottle, Glover. Beeley. Dethick, Pilkington. 

C. Meadow near Beighton Fields; near Renishaw, Waterfall. Heanor, 
An. Brit. F. 

P. Bolsover. 

Tl. Mickleover; Radbourn, Painter, Natt. Hognaston, Bowland, C.D. 
Hulland ; Shirley Common; Cubley Common; east of Alkmonton. 



FILICES. EQUISETACE.E. 833 

T2. Breadsall; Morley, Crewe d- WJiittaker. Hopwell Park, Basse, CD. 
Derby, Painter, J.B. 

T3. Meadows and pastures, Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gihhs. Knowl 
Hills, Nowers. Eepton ; near Foremark, Wild Fl. Rept. 

BOTRYCHIUM Sw. 
B. Lunaria 'S'«'. Moonuort. 

Native. BS. Pastures, heaths. Local. P. May-July. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. Osmunda liinaria. 

L. Monk's Dale, 350 yards ; Matlock Bath, West, J.B. I once met with 
this on one of the hills above Dovedale, at about 400 yards, Purchas, J.B. 
Masson, Matlock; near Wirksworth, Phyt. iii., 222. Bradwell Dale, Snelgrove. 
Harborough Rock. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton. Burbage Edge, Green, CD. 
<3orbar Wood, Buxton Guide. Ollerenshaw Farm, Chapel; on Wild's Farm, 
south of Cadster, Fernilee, Barker, Buxton, on the road to Manchester, a form 
■with branched stalk, bearing several leaves and compound spikes, Bot. Guide. 

G2. Wirksworth, Gihhs. Cromford, Nowers. Bar Brook, above Baslow, 
Linton. Sir William, Eyam; near Calver Mill Weir, Gem of the Peak. Eoad- 
•side, Eyam Edge to Great Hucklow. 

C. Moors near Brampton, Gem of the Peak. 

Tl. Short turfy meadows [Osmaston-by- Ashbourne neighbourhood]. Smith 
MSS. Kedleston, Crewe d; Whittaker. Field above Edlaston Coppice Farm, 
Miss Sandford. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Above the Knoll Wood, Bradley ; 
between Ladyhole Farm and Bradley Wood ; Shirley, fields near the Vicarage. 

T3. About Calke, very local and in small quantity, Purchas, J.B. 
Swarkeston, N.H. Tuth. Sandy Fields near Foremark Hall and Southwood 
Close, Wild Fl. Bept. 

The B. rutaceum Sw. is reported to have been found near Buxton, Moor's 
Ferns of Gt. Britain and Ireland. " The var. with fimbriated pinnules "occurs 
.at Osmaston," Smith MSS. 



EQUISETACE/E. 

BQUISBTUM X. 

B. maximUIU Lam. Great Horsetail. E. Tehnateia Ehrh. 

Native. EB. Damp places, hedgebanks. Local. P. April-May. 
First noted, Crewe & Whittaker, 1864. 

L. Matlock Bath, Sogers. On shale by brook N.W. of Wensley ; Ash- 
tourne Green. 

Gl. Hague Bar, near New Mills ; between Chinley Station and Lydgate. 
G2. About the stream in Cromford Dale, B. & N., J.B. Under Birchill 
IBank, near Baslow; Harthill Moor, near Birchover, about 250 yards. 



334 EQUISETACE.E. 

C. Newton Wood; Hucknall Wood. 

Tl. By stream between Copse Hill and Wyaston Grove, Smith MSS. 
Mugginton, Painter, NatK The Ash Cover, by Bradley Brook ; brook below 
Hulland Hall. 

T2. Ockbrook, Smith MSS. Morley, Crewe ,0 Wliittaker. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Repton Rocks, Eept. F. £ F. 

E. arvense L, Field Horsetail, 

Native. B. Banks, fields, waysides. Common. P. March-April. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

" Common up to 450 yards," Baker, J.B. 

E. silvaticum L. 

Native. B. Woods, damp banks, borders of fields, brooksides. Locally 
abundant. P. April-June. 

First record. Glover, 1829. 

L. Bradwell ; on shale N.W. of Wensley. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith ; near New Mills, Bogers. Mellor, Searle, CD. 
Burbage Edge, CD. Near the Snake Inn ; Chisworth ; Dinting ; near Crowden 
Reservoir ; upper Hurst Brook, Bamford, about 230 yards. 

G2. Black Rocks, Cromford, Crewe d- Wliittaker. Wirksworth, Bindley 
Abney Clough ; near Offerton ; Great Hucklow ; Froggatt ; east of Bradwell ; near 
Hathersage Booths ; Hay Wood, Grindleford ; Ashover Hay. 

C. Horsley Car, Crewe d- Whittaker. Dale Abbey, An, Brit. F. Wooded 
ravine east of Totley; pool east of Killamarsh ; woods near Coal Aston; Walton 
Wood. 

Tl. Kirk Langley, Painter, Natt. Bradley; near the Brickyard, Yel- 
dersley, the var. capillare, B.K.C Sep., 1888, 195. 

T3. Calke to South wood, Purchas. Bretby, Gibbs. Smisby, N.H. Tutb. 

E. palustre L. Marsh Horsetail. 

Native. B. Damp places, marshes, bogs. Common. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Jewitt, 1811. 

Generally distributed, though scarcely plentiful anywhere. " Swamps up 
to 500 yards," Baker, J.B. 
Var. polystachijwn auct. 

G2. Near Hassop Station, Linton. 

E. limosum Sm. 

Native. B. Ditches, canals, pools, marshes. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Pilkington, 1789. E. fiuviale. 

L. Between Castleton and Chapel, Phyt. N. S., 1858, 482. 

Gl. Swamps up to 500 yards. Baker, J.B. Chapel Reservoir; Edale. 



EQUISETACE.E. L,YOOPODIACE.E. 335 

C. Little London Daui, near Heeley, The Naturalist. Newton Wood, 
Pillcington. Foxen Dam, Gibbs. Totley Moss ; Ault Hucknall. 

Tl. Tinker's Inn, Osmaston-by- Ashbourne, Smith MSS. Shirley ; pond 
between Ciibley Brook and Birchwood Moor ; Marston Montgomery. 

T2. Osmaston-by-Derby ; Breadsall, Fainter, J.B. By R. Erewash, near 
Long Eaton. 

T3. Calke, Purchas, J.B. Bretby, Gibbs. Gresley, Painter, J.B. Repton, 
Wild Ft. RejJt. By the canal, Egginton. 
YnT. JlKnatile (L.) Glover, 1829. 

L. Matlock Bath, Bogers. Ditches by the road from Castleton to Chapel, 
Phyt. N.S., 1858, 482. Heathcote, Purchas. 

Gl. Chapel Reservoir, Barker. 

G2. Cromford and Lumsdale Reservoirs, B. d N., J.B. Large pool at 
Calver; Ambergate. 

C. Newton Wood, Glover ! Stainsby Pond, near Heath ; pool east of 
Killamarsh ; pool by Parkhall Woods ; Birleyhay, Ford ; Pebley Pond ; millpond 
N.E. of Fritchley. 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne. 

Tl, Radbourn, Painter, Natt. Bradley; Marston Montgomery; between 
Sudbury and Scropton, railway ditch ; Marston-on-Dove. 

T3. Repton, Painter, NatK 



LYCOPODIACEy€. 

LYCOPODIUM L. 

L. SelagO L. Fir Club Moss. 

Native. BH. Moors, heaths, bogs. Rare. P. April-Aug. 

First record, Ray. Cat., 1677. Muscus erectus abietiformis, J.B. 

L. Foot of High Edge, Purchas. Diamond Hill, Buxton, Bogers. Moors 
between Alstonfield and Buxton, Smith MSS. 

Gl. Near the Cat & Fiddle, Gem of the Peak. Charlesworth Coombs, 
Fl. Ashton. Kinderscout, near Hayfield, CD. Above Edale Chapel, A71. Brit. F. 
In the mountains near the Derwent, Pilkington {Selago abietis). 

G2. Bogs on East Moor, Glover. Wirksworth, Gibbs. High Moors about 
six miles S.W. of Sheffield, Hb. Salt. Abneyi Moor, Gem of the Peak. 

Li. inundatum L. 

Native. BE. Wet parts of moors and heaths. Very rare. P. Jtily. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Bot. Guide. Chinley Hill, Glover. 

G2. Tansley Common, Crewe & Whittaker. 



386 LYCOPODIACE^. SELAGINELLACE/E. 

Li. Clavatum L. Club IIoss. Stag's-horn 3Ioss, 

Native. B. Moors and heaths. Rare. P, July-Aug. 

First records, Bay. Cat., 1677. Mitscus clavatus sive Lycopodiiaii Ger. ; 
Magn. Brit, d- H., 1720. 

L. Back Dale, near Hindlow ; ixuder Harper Hill. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Garner. Field above StirrujD Wood, Buxton's B.G. 
Charlesworth Coombs, Fl. Ashton. Stenior Clough, Painter, J.B. On the 
mountains near Derwent in the Peak, Gough's Camden. Under Back Tor, 
Edale. 

G2. Bogs on East Moor, Glover. Abney Moor; top of Sir "William, E3-am, 
Gem of the Peak. About three-quarters of a mile to the S.E. of Wirksworth, 
Gihhs. On the high moor S.W. of Sheffield, Hb. Salt. Near Matlock, Stevens. 
Bole Hill, Hathersage. 

C. Breadsall Moor, formerly, Whittaker, CD. 

Tl. Lower part of Edlaston Coppy, Purchas. 

L. alpinum L. 

Native. H. Stony moors and heaths. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Martyn, Phil. Trans., XXXVI. 1729. Lycopodium Sabince 
facie, Fl. Jen. 

Gl. On the mountains near Derwent, Martyn. 

G2. Abney Moor, Gem of the Peak. High moors about 5 miles S.W. of 
Sheffield, Hb. Salt. Near Eyam, N.H. Tutb. 



SELAGINELLACE/E. 

SBLAGINBLLA Spring. 
S. selaiginoides Gray. S. spinulosa A. Br. Lycopod'mm selagmo'uUs L. 

Top. Bot., 529. 

Native. H. Moorland, damp heaths. Very rare. P. July-Aug. 

First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Bot. Guide. 



337 



MUSCI. 



"VTERY little was done in the investigation of the Mosses of 
' Derbyshire until the nineteenth century was well advanced, 
and records in the preceding period are few and far between. 
These scanty notices, together with the subsequent more numerous 
records up to date, will be found in chronological order in the 
Introduction. The total number of species which have been up 
to the present time recorded 'is 327. That so many should be 
found in the County is accounted for by its great vertical range 
from lowland to sub-alpine, the many kinds of rocks, the varied 
nature of the surface, grass laud, arable, woodland, streams, 
rivers, extensive moorland, and rocky slopes and edges. 

Not a few species are of special interest owing to their ex- 
treme rarity in the County, notably Porotriclinm aniiKstifoliuw, 
for which the locality in Cressbrook still remains the only known 
station. 

Other species of great rarity are : — 

Seligeria tristicha IJ. d- S. 

Ditrichum tenuifolium Lindh. 

Campylopus setifolius Wih. 

Grimmia Stirtoni Schimji. 

Pottia latifolia C.M. 

Tortula brevirostris 7i. lO S. 

Weissia squarrosa CM. 

Pleurochfete squarrosa Lhvlb. 

Zygodon Stirtoni Schimp. 

Discelium nudum BrirJ. 

Physcomitrella patens B. d- S., v. Lucasiana Schimp. 

Physcomitrium sphasricum Brid. 

Amblyodon dealbatus P. Bcanr. 

Bryum uliginosum B. ((■ S. 

B. affine Livdb. 



338 Musci. 

Fontinalis Dixoni Canhtt. 
Eurhynchium circinatum li. ti- S. 

Amblystegiiim Sprucei JL & S., and confervoides IL d!- S. 
The following are rave, though not in every case rare 
elsewhere : — 

Andre^a petrophila Kln-h., and crassinervia Bruch. 

Tetraphis Browniana (ircw 

Catharinea crispa Jaiiies. 

Diphyscium foliosum 2h)hr. 

Cynodontium Bruntoni J>. d' S. 

Blindia acuta B. d- S. 

Dicranodontium longirostre ]>. <<• S. 

Fissidens crassipes Wilx. 

Hedwigia ciliata EhrJi. 

Pottia Starkeana CM. 

Tortula lamellata Lindb. 

Weissia tenuis Schrad. 

Trichostomum tenuirostre Lindb. 

Ulota Drummondii Bf^id. 

Orthotrichum Sprucei Mont., and tenellum J>nich. 

Bryum murale Wils. 

Mnium serratum Schrad. 

Neckera pumila Hcdir. 

Antitrichia curtipendula /*;•/(/. 

Cylindrothecium concinnum Schhnp. 

Pylaisia polyantha 7>. d' S. 

Brachythecium albicans Neck., and illecebrum Sc/un/r. 

Eurhynchium striatulum Sjiritcc. 

E. megapolitanum Bland. 

Plagiothecium pulchellum ]'>. d- S, 

Amblystegiurn varium L'nuUi., and irriguum B. d- 8. 

Hypnum vernicosum Bindb. 

H, incurvatum Schrad. 

It should be added that Wclicra ciicullata Schimp., published in 
the Handbook of British Mosses, is now considered by Messrs. 
Dixon and Barker to be only a form of Tl'. nutans. Andrca>a 



MUSCI. SPHAGNACE.B. 339 

alpini and Webcra polijmorplm must also disappear from the 
list, both records being probably erroneous. Restriction of habitat 
to one or few formations is more marked in the mosses than in 
the phanerogams of the County. As many as 49 species 
are found on the limestone alone, 18 on both limestone and 
Permian, one on Permian only, making a total of 68 limestone 
mosses, though it should be mentioned that some of these species 
are by no means restricted to limestone in England generally. 
36 species are found only on the grit, and four on both grit and 
sand. The Sphayna have none of them been recorded, so far 
as I know, from the limestone. 

It may be worth remarking on the presence or otherwise of 
certain genera in the County. The Andretpa are rare ; apparently 
they require the proximity of high mountains in order to flourish 
well. No Bnxbaumia has yet been discovered, whilst Sdij/eria is 
well represented, all but one species being found. The list of 
Bicrana is poor, and though the genus contains species inhabiting 
all altitudes, there are but few to be found in Derbyshire. 
The Rhacomitria again are not so plentiful as might be expected. 
As regards the Ortlwtrichaceir tree mosses are very and in- 
explicably scarce in the county ; few of any interest are recorded 
except about Matlock. Neither are there many members of the 
orders Lencodontaci'cc and Lcskeaci'ic to be found. Very little 
of the surface level being over 2,000 feet alpine species are rare 
in their occurrence as a rule, and the County being far from 
the sea maritime mosses are also mostly not in evidence. The 
absence of certain species (if really absent) is not easy to 
understand, such, e.g., as Bartiainia itin/pjn/lla, (iriiiDnia orbicularis, 
Brachytheciiuii mlehrosum (type). 



I. SPHAGNACE/t. 

SPHAGNUM Dill. 
S- fimbriatum ^nv*. 

Swamps, marshy margins of pools. Rather rare. 
Fii-st records, Phyt. N.S., 1858; The Naturalist, 1886. 



340 SPHAGNACE.F.. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Natt. Goyt's Moss; Combes Moss; Wildmoor Clough ; 
marsh 2J miles from Whaley Bridge, to\%'ards Buxton, Barker. R. Westend ; 
by the old road from Ringinglow to Foxhouse Inn ; Jarvis Clough, Ashopton. 

G2. Biirbage Brook. 

Tl. Marshy ground south of Findern ; bog below Bradley Wood. 

Var. tcnu? Grav. 

Gl. Wildmoor Clough, Barker. 

S. Girgensohnii A'"«. S. utricttnH Lindb. 

Moorland, woodland, among mountains. Rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kiuderscout, NatK (Holt ami Wldtehead). 

S. rubellutn Wih. 

Moorland. Not common. 

First record, Tlie Flora. 

Gl. Between Buxton and Whaley (pallescens?) ; by High Peak Railway 
at the foot of Bonsall Plane ; by R. Goyt near and at Goyt's Bridge ; Wildmoor 
Clough ; Cowburn ; about Tunstead, Chapel, and marsh between Ladder Hill 
and Wythen Lache, Barker. 

Var. versicolor 'Kxx^^. 

Gl. Marsh between Ladder Hill and Wythen Lache, Chapel, Barker. 

S. acutifolium ^"-^ <?• ^Vnnist. 

Boggy or wet moorland. Rather rare. 
First record. The Naturalist, 188G. 

Gl. Kinderscout; Charlesworth Coombs; neeiv Bnxton, Nat'. [S. ncutifoUum 
Ehrh.). Hollinworth Clough, Barker. 

Var. I'iri'^le Warnst. 

G2. Dethick Common. 
Tl. Hulland Moss. 

S. quinquefarium Vam^t. 

Mountain moorland. Rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashtoii, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Fl. Ashtoii. Lightwood, Buxton, Barker. 

S. SUbnitenS -^"« i?' irnn/st. S. larteviroin Braithw. 

Bogs, wet jilaces. Not uncommon. 
First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, NatK {Holt). Grinds Brook, Edale ; near Oram's Nursery, 
Fairfield ; dingle near old toll-bar, Fernilee ; Cowburn, Barker. 



sphactNace.e. 341 

Var. flavoruhdhun Warust. 

Gl. Marsh bet'veen Ladder Hill and Wytheii Lache, Chapel, Barker. 

Var. ffris'Hin Warnst. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Barker. 

Var. pallesccns Wai-nst. 

Gl. Near the Peacock Inn. 

Var. versicolor Warnst. 

Gl. Ollerbrook, Edale. 

G2. Burbage Brook ; Umberlej' Brook, Chatsworth. 

Tl. Hulland Moss ; Shh-ley Park ; marshy ground sonth of Findern. 

Var. riolasceiis Warnst. 

Gl. Rising Clough, near Ashopton. 
G2. Under Raven Tor, near Beeley. 

Vai\ rircsccus Warnst. (v. riride W.) 

Gl. Marsh between Ladder Hill and Wythen Lache, and behind Tun- 
stead, Chapel; Wildmoor Clough, Barker. Kinderscout, near Hayfield. 

S. moUe ShH. S. MiwUeri Schimp. 

Moorland. Rare. 
First record, The Flora. 

Gl. West of Thorny Lea, towards Ladder Hill, near Spire Hollins, 
Combes, Chapel; dingle near old toll-bar, Fernilee, Barker. 
G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

Var. tencnnn Braithw. 

Gl. Wildmoor Clough; near Goyt's Bridge; foot of Bonsall Plane; Light- 
wood, Buxton, Barker. 

S. squarrosum Pers. 

Boggy moorland, and by streams. Not uncommon. 
First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Nat^. Hollinworth Clough, and 
a var., between Buxton and Whaley, Barker. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Derby Arch, and N.H. Soc. J., 1897. 
T3. Newhall ; Repton Rocks, N.H. Tutb. 

Var. fipectablle Russ. 

Gl. Hollinworth Clough ; near Goyt's Bridge ; Wildmoor Clough ; foot of 
Bonsall Plane ; Cowburn, Barker. Roych Clough, near Chapel ; William Clough ; 
Jarvis Clough, Ashopton; Rushup Edge, Edale. 



342 SPHAGNACE.E. 

G2. Above Padley Wood ; Redcar Brook, above Dore. 
Tl. Hulland Moss; marshy ground south of Findern. 
T3. Repton Rocks. 

S. teres ^Ingstr., var iinbricatiim Warnst. 

"Wet moorland, by streams and pools. Rare. 
First record. The Flora. 

Gl. Bamford Moor; Wildmoor Clough ; William Clough (with the type). 
Barker. 

02. By Bar Brook, Baslow. 

Var. sitbsquarrosum Warnst. 

Gl. Wildmoor Clough ; William Clough, Barker. 

S. cuspidatum Hms 4- Wamxt. 

Wet moorland. Not uncommon. 

First record, N.H. Tuth., 1863. 

Gl. Axe Edge, N.D.M. Cowburu, Barker. Kinderscout, Natt. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Hh. Mason. 

Var. si(b/ncr.iiiiH Schimp, 

Gl. Goyt's Moss ; Cowburn, Chapel, Barker. Edale. 

S. recurvum -S»*'« if* Wamst. S. intcrmcdiiiin Hoffm. 

Bogs, swamps. Not uncommon. 
First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Natt. Wildmoor Clough ; about 
Lightwood Reservoirs ; Cowburn, Barker. Mam Tor ; Rushup Edge, Edale. 
T3. Repton Rocks. 

Var. aHihhjphyUuin Warnst. 

Gl. Jarvis Clough, Ashoptou ; Combes Moss; Grinds Brook, Edale; 
William Clough ; between Buxton and Whaley ; Goyt's Bridge ; Wildmoor 
Clough ; foot of Bonsall Plane ; south of Barren Clough, Bugsworth, Barker. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. Above Padley Wood, Griudleford ; Dethick 
Common. 

C. Brook near Smeekley Wood ; south of Peacock Inn. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

Var. iiiucrouatiiiit Warnst. 

Gl. Jarvis Clough; near old toll-bar, Fernilee ; between Buxton and 
Whaley; Goyt's Bridge; Tunstead, Chapel, Barker. Edale; Back Tor, and 
Rushup Edge; Combes Moss; Roych Clough, and Cowburn, Chapel; William 
Clough ; swamp by the old road from Ringinglow. 

G2. Umberley Brook, Chatsv/orth ; Burbage Brook ; Bar Brook, Baslow ; 
Harland Edge, Beeley, 



SPHAGNACE.E. 34:3 

S. parvifolium il'<ir/ist. 

Moorland. Rare. 

First record, Tlie Flora. 

Gl. Stallage Edge. 

S. balticum -?<;"•>*•. 

Moorland. Rare. 
First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Wildmoor Clough, Barker (the best halticuin I have yet seen for 
Britain, E. C. Horrell). 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

S. molluscum 7s7//A. 

Wet moorland, heaths. Rare. 

First record. The Flora. 

Gl. Side of old road, Lanehead Farm, Fernilee, Barter. 

Tl. Hullaud Moss. 

S. compactuin JJC. 

Moors and heaths. Rather rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, NatK {Whitehead}. Old road at the top of Lanehead 
Farm, Fernilee, Barker. Ollerbrook, and under Back Tor, Edale ; Eushnp 
Edge. 

« 
Var. ■sf/itrirrof'ini/ Russ. 

Gl. Kinderscout, NatK {Whitehead and Hult.) Grinds Brook, Edale. 
Tl. Hulland Moss. 

Var. snhsquarrosiiiii Warnst. 
G2. Dethick Common. 

Var. iiiil/ricafiiji/ Warnst. 

C. By brook near Smeekley Wood? 

S. Subsecundum Limpr. S. xubsccKndiun Nees, p.p. 

Moorland bogs. Rather rare. 
First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout; Chaiiesworth, NatK Bagshaw, near Chapel; near 
Wythen Lache, on old road Whaley to Buxton; Jarvis Clough, Barker. 
G2. Near "Surprise View," Hathersage, Carr. 

Var, viride Boul. 

G2. About Tunstead, Chapel, Barker. 



344 SPHAGNACE^. 

S. inundatum Jrainsf. S. xKbxfcinirluii) Nees, var. co)>torfHiii Schirap. 

Pools or wet places on moorland. Eare. 

First record, Tlie Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs; Kinderscont ; near Woodhead, Naft. Goyt's 
Moss ; Combes Moss ; Jarvis Clough ; near Goyt's Bridge ; Wildmoor Clough ; 
near Lightwood Eeservoirs, Barler. Jaggers Clough, above Hope; near Back 
Tor. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

S, Gravetii Wm-ust. 

Pools and wet places in bogs. Rare. 

First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Wet place near Lightwood Reservoirs, Bnxton ; side of road near 
Wythen Lache ; Cowbiirn ; marsh behind Tunstead, Chapel; Lanehead Farm, 
near Ladder Hill, Pernilee, Barker. 

G2. Bnrbage Brook, Barler. 

S. rufescenS IVarvnt. S. mibfiecKudidK V. nur'iCiihttum Schinip. 

Moorland pools and bogs. Rather rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

Gl. Kinderscont, N.D.M. Goyt's Moss; Wildmoor Clough, Barker. Back 
Tor, and Grinds Brook, Edale ; near Blackdean Brook, Woodlands ; Jarvis 
Clough, Ashopton. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley. 

S. crassicladum iVm-mt. 

Moorland pools and bogs. Frequent. 

First record. The Flora. 

Gl. Hollinworth Clough; between Buxton and Whaley ; south of Barren 
Clough, Bugsworth, Barker. Kinderscont, above Hayfield ; near Oxdale Lodge 
by old road from Eiugiuglow ; Rushup Edge ; Ollerbrook, Edale ; Combes Moss ; 
Roych Clough, and Cowburn, Chajjel. 

G2. Burbage Brook ; Umberley Brook, Chatsworth. 

S. turfaceum Wanist. 

Boggy moorland. Rare. 
First record, Horrell, J.B., 1900, 426. 

Gl. Wild Moor Clough, north-west of Buxton, Lejj (1869). Roych Clough, 
Chapel. 

S. cymbifolium Jrnnist. 

Moors, wet heaths and commons. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscont, Nat'-. Combes Moss ; Goyt's Moss ; 
Hollinworth Clough ; Jarvis Clough ; Wildmoor Clough ; foot of Bonsall Plane ; south 
of Barren Clough, Bugsworth, Barker. Edale. 



SPHAGNACE.E. ANDREAEACEvE. 345 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. Froggatt ; Dethick Common. 

Tl. Bog below Bradley Wood. 

T3. C-Alke, Bloxam [S. obtiisifoUum). Eeptou Eocks, A\if. Tutb. 

Forma sqnarrosuJa. 

Gl. Klnderscout, Holt in N.D.M. About Timstead, ChaiJel ; Cowburu ; 
about Lightwood Reservoirs, Buxton, Barker. 

Yar. f/hiuccycoi-s Warnst. 

Gl. Combes Moss, Barker. William Clough ; Corbar Hill ; Axe Edge. 
G2. Harland Edge, Beeley ; above Padley Wood, Griudleford. 
Tl. Hulland Moss ; Shirley Park. 

Var. pdUcscns Warnst. 

Gl. Source of Eedcar Brook, near Ringinglow ; Cowbiirn, Chapel. 
G2. Burbage Brook ; Froggatt ; Harland Edge, Beeley. 
C. By brook near Horsley Gate. 
Tl. Bog below Bradley Wood. 
T3. Eepton Eocks. 

S. papillosum Lrmlb. 

Moorland. Eather rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, NatK {Whitehead ,C- Holt). 

G2. Hipper Sick, East Moor. 

Var. uoniiah- Warnst. 

Gl. Jaggers Clough, above Hope. 

F. conferta. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Barker. 

Var. siihldcvc Limpr. 

Gl. Goyt's Moss; Cowburn, Barker. Ollerbrook, Edale ; HoUinworth 
Clough, north of Hayfield ; Jaggers Clough ; west of Axe Edge ; Combes Moss. 



II. ANDREAEACE/t. 

ANDREW A Ehrh. 

A. petrophila Ehrli. A. nipestris Hedw. 

Mountain rocks. Very rare. 
First record, Gamer, 1844. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Garner. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, A'a/C Edale, 
N.D.M. 



846 TETRAPHIDACE.E. POLYTRICHACE^. 

A. alpina Smith. Lichcnantfitin Dill. 

Mountain rocks. Very rare. 
First record, Bot. Guide, 1805. 
Gl. Axe Edge, Bot. Oiiide. 

A, crassinervia Bmeh. 

Mountain rocks. Very rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

Gl. Kinderscout, West in N.D.M. Near Woodhead, N.D.M. 



III. TETRAPHIDACE/t. 

TETRAPHIS Jfed>r 

T. pellucida Jf<cl'<: M'/iim^i L. Giorg'm Rabenh. 

Rotten stumps, peaty and shady banks, woods. Frequent. 

First records, Purchas, 1859; N.H. Tutb., 18Q3. 

L. Via Gellia, Armitage. Grin Woods, Buxton. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood; Whitebottom Wood, with fruit, Nat'. {Whitehead).. 
Goyt's Clough ; HoUinworth Clough ; Combes ; Jarvis Clough ; Fernilee ; Chapel, 
Barker. Ollerbrook, and Back Tor, Edale. 

G2. Near Rowsley, Ley (1880). Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Bar Brook, 
Baslow ; Froggatt ; Curbar Edge ; woods at Holloway. 

Tl. Abiindant in Bradley Wood ; Shirley Park ; Brailsford Brook ; 
Edlaston ; Hulland Moss ; by Black Brook, Mugginton ; Quarndon Common ; b}- 
Cubley Brook. 

T3. Rei3ton Rocks, Purchas! Sharp's Bottom,- Hartshorn. 

T. Browniana Grri/. Georgia Brownii CM. BnjHiii Jiroiniidjiifiii Dick.s. 
Tctrolontiiun Schwgr. 
Gritstone rocks. Rare. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 
Gl. Kinderscout, Holt hi N.D.M. 
G2. Wooded gritstone rocks between Rowsley and Stanton, Lrij (1880). 



IV. POLYTRICHACE/E. 

CATHARINBA J-^/"-l<. 

C. undulata JJ'^h. <$■ Jlo/ir. l!r>/'/,u L. Atrichiuii P. Beauv. 

Woods, heaths, damp banks, Common. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 
Generally distributed and abundant. 



POLYTRICHACE^. 347 



Var. i)ii)io) W. & M. 



Gl. Old quarry, Shallcross Mill, Horwich End, Fernilee, Barker. 
Tl. Yeldersley Lane, near Bradley ; near Tinker's Inn, Osmaston-by- 
Ashbourne. 

O. Crispa Jxnies. Atrichum Snll. 

Banks of moorland streams. Rare. 

First record, The Flora, 

Gl. Burbage Brook, male plants; beside a small marsh at the south end 
of the wood above Lauehead Farm, and near old toll-bar, Fernilee ; Wildmoor 
Clough ; near Wythen Lache, Barker. 

OLIGOTRICHUM BC. 

O. incurvum L'i»db. O. hercifu'widn Lam. 

Banks of moorland streams. Locally plentiful. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Naft. Edale, N.D.M. Near Goyt's Bridge ; Brown Head, 
near Chapel-en-le-Frith, Leij. William Clough ; near Reeve-edge Quarry, Axe 
Edge ; Old Road, near Lanehead Farm, Fernilee ; Wildmoor Clough, Barker. 

POLYTRIOHUM nm. 

P. nanum y^eck. P. subrotiDidutx Huds. rotjoiiafHiii i/aiuDii P. Beauv. 

Heaths, banks. Rare. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl. Near Stirrup, with fruit, NaU. [Cloiiglt and Gordon). Brook bank 
above Shalcross Mill, Horwich End, Fernilee, Barker. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Linton, N.H. Tilth. Repton, Painter, NatK 

Var. loitffisctiait Lindb. 

T8. Knowl Hills, Hb. Mason. 

P. aloides JMic. Pof/onafnni P. Beauv. 

Banks, old quarries. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Buxton, Ley. 

Gl. Fernilee; Chapel. Barker. Ollerbrook, and by R. Noe, Edale; 
Cowburn ; R. Westend ; Axe Edge. 

G2. Harland Edge, above Beeley. 

C. By Blake Brook, above Baslow. 

Tl. Edlastou Coppy ; Bradley Wood; Shirley Park. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Drakelow, Hh. Mason. Whitehollows, Ticknall ; 
Repton Rocks, Purchas. 



348 POLYTRICHACE.E. 

P. urnigeruin L. rof/oiKdidn P. Beaviv. 

Gravelly banks, dry slopes. Not uncommon. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl Charlesworth Coombs; Kinderscout, Nat^. Buxton; near Whalcy 
Bridge ; Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. In many places in Fernilee, Barker. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy; Shirley Park; Bradley Wood, and by Bradley Brook. 

T3. Stone Pit, Calke, Bloxam. Repton Rocks, Hh. Mason ! 

♦ 
P. alpinum L. Tui/tnattim Koehl. 

Mountain slopes, moors, commons. Rare. 
First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, with fruit, Naf-. (Clough). By brook above Shalcross 
Mill, Horwich End, Fernilee; roadside at Eccles House, Chapel, Barker. 

P. piliferum ^vA/v^. 

Dry banks, heaths, woods. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl. Kinderscout; Charlesworth Coombs, Natt. Rowarth; Stenior Clough, 
N.D.M. Whatford Wood, Buxton, Leij. Fernilee; Chapel; Little Hayfield, 
Barker. Reeve-edge Quarry, Axe Edge ; Bamford ; Hathersage ; by R. Noe, 
Edale. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Arniitage. Near Harper Lees, Hathersage; Mag 
Clough, Grindleford ; below Cratcliffe Tor, Birchover. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. By Bradley Wood ; Shirley Park ; between 
Mercaston and Cross o' th' Hands ; Sudbury. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton Rocks, Hh. Mason. Foremark, N.H. Tuth. 

P. juniperinum ^^lUiL 

Dry places, heaths, woods. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Above Dowel Dale, Hindlow. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Natt. [Whitehead). Chajsel, Fernilee ; Hogshaw 
Reservoir, Barker. 

G2. Darley Moor, Matlock. 

Tl. Findern, Painter, Nat^. By Black Brook, near Mugginton; Shirley 
Park. 

T2. Quarry close to The Flourish, near Dale. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Foremark, and on walls near Repton Rocks, y.H. 
Tilth. Ticknall, Painter, Natt. 

P. strictum I'xmks. 

Mountain rocks, moorland. Rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Natt. (Whitehead <(:■ Holt). 



POLYTRICHACE-E. BUXBAU5IIACE.E. 349 

P. gracile B'uls. 

By mountain streams, moorland. Rare. 

First record, The Naturalht, 1886. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, with fruit, Natt. Charlesworth ; Ernocroft Wood ; 
Mellor, N.D.M. Goyt's Clough, above Errwood ; brook above Shalcross Mill ; 
foot of Bonsall Plane; bank of E. Goyt near Madscar; Wildmoor Clough ; road- 
side at Eccles Hoiise ; old road west of Spire Hollins, Chapel; Axe Edge, 
Barker. 

G2. Cratcliffe Tor. Barker. 

P. formOSUm Medic, r. atte)U'.(tti(in Menz. 

Dry paths in woods. Common. 

First record, N.H. Tuth., 1863. 

L. Monsal Dale, N.D.M. 

Gl. Below the embankment of Combes Reservoir ; near old toll-bar, and by 
E. Goyt, near Madscar, Fernilee ; Wildmoor Clough ; old road, Lanebead Farm to 
Wythen Lache ; foot of Bonsall Plane, Barker. 

G2. Cratcliffe Wood and Tor, Birchover ; Dethick Common. 

Tl. Bradley Wood ; Shirley Park ; Stydd ; Breward's Car, Mugginton ; near 
Cross o' th' Hands, Hulland Ward. 

T3. Eepton Rocks, Hh. Mason. " Dark Walk," Foremark Hall, N.H. Tuth. 
Anchor Church, Bindley. 

P. commune L. 

Bogs, swami^s. Common. 

First record, Bay Si/ii., 1690 ; in paludosis sijongioso et putrido solo praesertim 
in montosis Derbiensibus ! Great Golden Maidenhair or Goldielocks. 

Gl. Abundant in the Moorlands, N.D.M. Buxton, Bindley. Chapel ; 
Fernilee, Barker. Under Stanage Edge, Bamford ; Combes Moss. 

G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage. 

C. Totley Moss. 

P. ScarcHffe Park. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy ; Shirley. 

T3. Repton Rocks, N.H. Tuth. Calke, Bloxam. 



V. BUXBAUMIACE/E. 

DIPHYSCIUM ^Mn■. 

D. foliosum Mohr. If'/b'-ra .'tes.sHis Lindb. 

Damp banks and rocks, edges of paths, sub-alpine. Rare. 
First record. Ley MS., 1898. 
Gl. Goyt's Lane, Buxton, Ley. 



850 DICRANACEiE. 

VI. DICRANACE/E. 

ARCHIDIUM Bnd. 
A. alternifolium Schimp. 

Damp ground, fields. Very rare. 

First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Green Lane, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. 

PLBURIDIUM Jirid. 

P. axillare Lutdh. F. nltldnm Hedw. 

Bare soil, pondsides. Frequent. 

First record, The 'Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Near Cressbrook ; Doveholes, Dovedale, Barker. 

Gl. Claybanks, Charlesworth ; Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Stirrup Wood, 
Natt. Combes Keservoir ; Combes ; Fernilee, Barker. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Field near Yeldersley Rough ; by pond 
and near pathway between Shirley and Ednaston. 

P. SUbulatum lidbcu/i. I'hascmn Huds. 

Banks and heaths. Common. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Buxton, Ley (1870). Lover's Leap ; Duke's Drive ; above Dowel Dale, 
Hindlow. 

Gl. Mellor, Nat*'. South side of Combes Reservoir, male plant. Barker. 
Near Clough Farm, Edale. 

C. Pondside, Dale Moor. 

Tl. Mickleover, Pawner, Natt. By Bradley Brook ; Shirley; Brailsford ; 
near Cross o' th' Hands; Hulland Moss, 

T2. Marshy flats north of Sandiacre. 

T3. Gresley, Hh. Mason. Milton, Painter, NatK 

P. alternifolium JiKbcnh. Phascum Kaulf. 

Damp soil, old quarries. Not common. 

First record, N.H., Tutb., 1863. 

Gl. Combes, and by brook below the Reservoir ; Srigley's Quari-y, 
Chapel ; Ritchie's Field, Overlea, Barker. Edale, field path near Olierbrook. 

P. Whitwell Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Littleover, Bindley. 

T3. Winshill, Hb. Mason. Ingleby, Painter, NatK 

DITRICHUM Tunm. 

D. tenuifolium LUidJi. Tricliostoiiniiii Schrad. Tricliodo)! cylbnlricus Schimp. 
Damp sandy ground. Rare. 
First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit. 1855. 
L. Matlock, Wilson. 
Gl. Brown Head, near Chapel-en-le-Frith, Ley (1881). ; 



DICRANACE.E. 351 

D. homomallum Kumpc. Leptoirlchum Schimp. 

Sandy banks, rocks, quarries. Common. 

First record, Purchas, 1862. 

Gl. Stirrup "Wood; Charlesworth Coombs; Kinderscout, Natt. Castleton, 
Holt in N.D.M. Wild Moor Clough, near Buxton, Leij (1874). Between Lane- 
head Farm and Wythen Lache ; Goyt's Clough; bank of R. Goyt, near Taxal, 
Barker. Near Edale Head ; Oyster Clough, near Snake Inn ; Hogshaw Quarry, 
near Buxton. 

G2. Near Higgar Tor, Hathersage ; Burbage Brook. 

Tl. Gravel pit, Edlaston Coppy; Bradley Wood; sand pit, Cross o' th' 
Hands, Hulland Ward. 

T3. Eepton Rocks, Purchas. 

JD. flexicaule Hantpf. Dldymodon Schleich. Leptotrichiun Schimp. 

Limestone soil and rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Wilson Bri/. Brit., 1855. 

L. Common on limestone walls, N.JJ.M. Buxton, Ley. Bradwell ; Cales 
Dale; Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Dovedale, Purchas. Near Taddingtou ; Lathkil 
Dale; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

Gl. Fernilee, Barker. Side of Congleton Road, west of Axe Edge. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Yar. densuiii Braithwaite. 

L. Chee Dale ; Miller's Dale, West in Braithiv. Lathkil Dale, N.D.M. 
Monk's Dale, fine and characteristic ; Deep Dale, near Buxton, Ley. Bradwell ; 
Cales and Horseshoe Dales ; Dovedale, Barker. Great Rocks Dale ; by Diamond 
and Harper Hills ; Via Gellia ; Brassington Rocks. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

SWARTZIA £f<rh. 

S. montana Lindb. Distlchium cnpiUaccinn B. <fc S. 

Mountain rocks. Rather rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1882. 

L. MiWev's DaAe, nolti7i Braithiv. Ashwooi Bale, Holt in N.D.M. Grin 
Wood, Buxton (f. compacta), Barker. Middleton Dale. 

G2. Rocks at " The Surprise," Hathersage, Barker. 

Tl. Gunn Hills, Mugginton, Painter, Natt. (?) 

SBLIGERIA Ji. 4- -S'. 

S. Doniana C.3I. Gymno-'itonnim Sm. Anodioi B. & S. 

Shad}' limestone rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1881. 

L. Castleton, Whitehead (1868) in Braithw. Ashwood Dale ; Ravensdale ; 
Monsal Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Miller's Dale, Manch. Crypt. Soc. Lathkil Dale, 
Ley. Cales and Horseshoe Dales ; Lover's Leap, Barker. Great Shacklow Wood, 
Ashford ; Back Dale, near Hindlow. 



352 DICRANACE.E. 

S. pUSilla B. i- S. Afzelia Ehrh. 

Shady limestone rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Hook. Br. Fl., 1833. 

L. Buxton, Wilson (1831) in Br. Fl. Youlgreave, Bowman in Eiig. Fl. 
Castleton, Whitehead (1880) in Braithw. Matlock, Holmes in Braithiv. Lover's 
Leap ; Monk's Dale ; Lathkil Dale ; Dovedale, Ley. Gales Dale, Barker. 
Miller's Dale, Manch. Crypt. Soc. Great Rocks Dale ; upper part of Eavens- 
dale, near Wardlow Mires ; Monsal Dale ; Dimminsdale, near Ashford ; Hartle 
Dale, Bradwell ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Dowel Dale, near Hindlow. 

S. aCTltifolia LUidb., v. longiseta Lindb. 

Shady limestone rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, J.B., 1870. 

L. Lover's Leap, Wilson (1831) in J.B. Ashwood Dale ; neai' AVormhill, 
Chee Dale ; Tideswell Dale, WhiteJiead in Braithw. Ravensdale ; Taddington 
Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Litton Dale, Ley. Monsal Dale ; Horseshoe Dale, and 
Deep Dale, near Buxton ; north side of Diamond Hill ; Monk's Dale ; Conies 
Dale, Peak Forest; between Wensley Dale and Snitterton; Dovedale. 

S. tristicha i>. <Si- '*«'. If'eissia Brid. iS. trifnrlu Lindb. 

Limestone rocks. Very rare. 

First records, Schimp. Syn. ed. ii. 856, 1876; Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1880. 

L. Miller's Dale, Manch. Crypt. Soc. 1880 {Cunliffe). Castleton, Rogers 
and Cimliffe in N.D.M. Conies Dale, Peak Forest, Barker. Lower rocks in 
the wooded jiart of Monk's Dale. 

S. calcarea Ji- # S. Bryiim Dicks. 

Limestone quarries. Very rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1887. 

L. Taddington Dale, Holt (1882) in Braithiv. On travertine. Via Gellia, 
Ley. 

S. recurvata B. ^ S. Griinmia Hedw. S. scfacea Lindb. 

On damp rocks, preferring gritstone. Rather rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1882. 

L. Monsal Dale, Whitehead (1881) in Braithw. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Natt. Birchin and Oyster Cloughs, near the Snake Inn; 
under Back Tor, Edale ; roadside rocks above Slackhall, Chapel. 

G2. Near Baslow. 

P. On blocks of stone near the middle of Whitwell Wood. 

BRACHYODUS Frn-nr. 

B. trichodes Fiimr. Uyinnostoiimin W. ^: M. Bnichyduntlum Fiirnr., Braithw. 

On damp grit rocks and walls. Rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1887. 

Gl. Near Buxton, Wilson (1831) in Nat'. It grows on a damp wall and 
adjacent rocks at the top of Hogshaw Lane. 



DICRANACE.E. 353 

CERATODON Brid. 

C. purpureUS Brld. Mninm L. 

On eai-th, waste places, banks, walls, &c. Common everywhere. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

CYNODONTIUM Sc/iimp. 

C. Bruntoni i?. 4' •^- JJicnnmui Sm. Oiicophoriis Lindb. 

On mountain rocks. Rare. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1879. 

L. Near Matlock, Manch. Crypt. Soc. {Cash). 

G2. Rowter Rocks, Wilsoji (1831) in NatK 1887. 

DICHODONTIUM SchiM>p. 

D. pellucidum Schlmp. Bri/um L. 

Wet sandy banks and rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Lathkil Dale; Youlgreave, Barker. Buxton, with fruit. Ley (1874). 

Gl. Wet rocks, Charlesworth ; Kinderscout; Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. 
Grinds Brook, Edale ; Fernilee ; Combes; Goyt's Clough; William Clough, 
Barker. Fairbrook, Woodlands; brookside, south of Chapel Reservoir; under 
Back Tor. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Harper Lees, Hathersage ; by R. Derwent, between 
Matlock and Darley. 

Var. fayiiuoittanuHi Schimp. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Youlgreave, Barker. 

D. flavescens Lindb. Bryum Dicks. 

Wet sandy places, by streams. Rather rare. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Matlock, Wilson (1834) in Braithw. Castleton, N.D.M. Wet sandy 
places, Dovedale, Garner. 

Gl. Stirrup, Fl. Ashton. Above Combes Reservoir, near the railway, 
Chapel, Barker. 

G2. Rowsley, Wilsoti in Braithw. Bui-bage Brook, Barker. 

DICRANELLA SMmp. 

D. heteromalla Schimp. Brymn Dill. 

Banks, hedges, heaths, woods. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Conies Dale, Peak Forest; Kniveton Brook. 

Gl. Common in the district. 

G2. Rowsley, Ley (1876). Hall Dale ; Harland Edge, Beeley. 

P. Markland Grips ; Scarclifie Park. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Etwall ; Radbourn, Bindley. Wyaston ; Bradley ; Shirley, &c. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Anchor Church, Purchas. Egginton, Bindley. 

Z 



354 DICRANACE^. 

D. cerviculata Sch'anp. JJivrajiuni Hedw. 

Banks of mountain streams, moorland. Frequent. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Natt. Holiinworth Clough ; 
Fernilee, near R. Goyt ; Ladder Hill, Chapel; Goyt's Moss; Combes Moss, east 
side, Barher. Above Hayfield ; Wildboar Clough, Crowden ; Ashop and Nether 
Yates Cloughs ; Stanage Edge. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth. 

T3. Repton Rocks, N.H. Tnth, 

D. crispa Schimp. Bicranum Ehrh. 

Peaty ditchsides, damp parts of quarries. Rare. 

First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Holiinworth Clough ; near Spire Hollius, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker, 
Gritstone quarry by Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

Tl. Peaty bank of ditch near Shirley Park {named by Bev. C. H. Binstead). 

D. rufescens Schimp. Bri/inn Dicks. Anisothccluin Lindb. 

Banks, sides of brooks. Not infrequent. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood ; Haytield, Natt. Claybanks, Charlesworth ; Mellor ; 
Edale ; Combes Moss, N.D.M. Near Combes Reservoir ; Holiinworth Clough ; 
Ladder Hill ; Srigley's Quarry ; Quarry by Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton ; brook 
above Wash, Chapel, Barker. 

Tl. Roadside, Sturston, near Ashbourne. 

D. varia Schimp. JJicranum Hedw. Anisotheclum ruhrum Lindb. 

On damj) soil, in fields, woods, &c. Frequent. 

First records, Purchas, 1859 ; N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Youlgreave, Ley (1876). Bradwell ; Back Dale, near Hindlow ; Duke'a 
Drive, Buxton, Barker. Ashwood Dale ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Great Shacklow 
Wood, near Ashford ; bank of Kniveton Brook. 

Gl. Frequent on clay banks, N.D.M. Cowburn, near Chapel ; Fernilee, 
Barker. Grinds Brook, and by R. Noe, where it crosses the road, Edale, 

G2. Grindleford ; Cromford ; Bar Brook, near Baslow ; Wakebridge, Crich. 

C. Calow Green, near Chesterfield. 

P. Quarry near Whitwell Station ; Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips, 
Clowne. 

Tl. Thurvaston, near Marston Montgomery ; on mudheaps, Wyaston ; 
Sturston, near Ashbourne ; Snelston lime quarries ; bank of Brailsiord Brook. 

T3. Pistern Hill, Purchas. Brizliucote, N.H. Tutb, 

Var. tenelln Schimp. 

L. By rivulet running into Great Rocks Dale. 

Var. eallhstoma Schimp. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Monyash. 



DICRANACE^. 365 

D. Schreberi Schimp. Bicrmium Sw. Anisothecium crispum Lindb. 

Brooksides, woods. Rather rare. 
First record, Purchas, 1860. 
L. Lathkil Dale ; near Taddington, Barker. 

Gl. Near Combes Reservoir, Chapel; bank of R. Goyt, Fernilee, near 
Taxal, Barker. 

Tl. By the brook in Shirley Park. 
T3. Melbourne Common, Purchas. 

Var. elata Schimp. Xotvell (1860) in Bralthw. 

L. Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, with fruit, Natt. {Whitehead). 

Tl. By Brailsford Brook, below Ednaston. 

D. squarrosa Schimp. Bicraiium Schrad. Anisotheciwn Lindb. 

Mountain streams and springs, wet places on moorland. Not uncommon. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, with fruit, Nat^. Edale Head, 
Ley (1876). Buxton, Bindley. Moor near "Surprise View," Hathersage, Carr. 
Grinds Brook, Edale ; Fernilee, Barker. Combes Moss. 

BLINDIA B. 4- s. 
B. acuta B. # s. 

On mountain rocks. Rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, NatK [Holt and Whitehead). Edale, Holt in N.D.M. 

DICRANOWEISIA i'«^/>. 

D. cirrhata Lindb. IFeissia Hedw. Mniuin L. 

Tree trunks, posts, sometimes on walls or rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxayn MS., 1833. 

L. Buxton, Ley (1869)! Bradwell ; Cressbrook; Chee Dale; Fernilee; near 
Hindlow ; Dovedale, Barker. Via Gellia. 

Gl. Kinderscout; Charlesworth; MeWor, Nat^. Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. 
On trees, rocks, and walls, fairly common in Chapel and Fernilee, Barker, 
OUerbrook Farm, Edale; under Cuckoo Tors, near Hogshaw Reservoir. 

G2. Between Little Eaton and Brackley Gate ; Kirk Ireton ; Grindleford. 

C. Dale Abbey, Bindley. 

Tl. Mickleover; Yindieira, Painter, Natt. Mugginton, Bindley. Shirley; 
Ednaston; Bradley; HoUington, Longford; Brailsford Brook; Clifton; Trusley; 
Kirk Langley. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton, Painter, NatK 



356 DICRANACE.E. 

CAMPYLOPUS Brid. 

C. fleXUOSUS Brld. Bieranidii Hedw. 

Woods, banks, moors. Frequent. 

First records, Eng. Bot., 1809 {Dicranum fiagellare) ; Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Nat*. Wood above Lanehead 
Farm, and near Ladder Hill, Fernilee ; on a stone wall in Edale, and north 
side of Ecoles Pike ; Hollinworth Clough ; near Wildmoor Clough, Fernilee ; 
Combes Moss, Barker. Houndkirk Moor, near Ringinglow. 

G2. Cromford Moor, J.B. 1874, 225. Near Higgar Tor, Hathersage ; Little- 
moor Wood, near Dethick. 

P. Cresswell Crags; Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Tl. Bradley Wood ; Shirley Park. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton Rocks, Hh. Mason. 

Var. nliginosus Ren. 

Gl. Jaggers Clough, above Hope. 

Var. paradoxus Husn. C. paradoxK.i Wils. 

Gl. Summit of Kinderscout, Whitehead (1881) in Braithw. By Reeve- 
edge Quarry, Axe Edge; Grinds Brook, Edale; Cowbixrn, Barker. Chinley 
Hills ; Hollinworth Clough. 

G2. Cratcliff Tor, Barker. Gardom's Edge, above Baslow. 

C. pyriformis Brid. Bicranum Schultz. C. tiirfacms B. & S. 

Moorlands, heaths. Frequent. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Natt. [Holt). Goyt's Moss; Hollinworth Clough; wood 
above Lanehead Farm, Fernilee ; Cowburn, Barker. Above Hogshaw Reservoir, 
Buxton ; Combes Moss ; near Reeve-edge Quarry, Axe Edge. 

G2. Mag Clough, Grindleford. 

Tl. By Bradley Brook, near the Hollies Farm; Quarndon Common; 
Mercastoh ; Edlaston Coppy ; Shirley Park ; Hulland Moss ; by Black Brook, and 
in Breward's Car, Mugginton. 

T3. North side of Robin Wood, near Stanton-by-Bridge ; Repton Rocks. 

O. fragilis B. ^- .S. Bryum Dicks. 

Rocky moorland, banks, quarries, woods. Not uncommon. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Chee Tor; Miller's Dale; Matlock, N.D.M. Dovedale, Painter, Natt. 
Near Youlgreave, Barker. Great Rocks Dale. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Whitehead (1881) in Braithiv. Mellor; Charlesworth 
Coombs, Natt. Quarry at old toll-bar, and railway bank near Cadster, Fernilee ; 
near Buxton ; Green Lane, and Combes Reservoir, and N.E. of Ladder Hill, 
Chapel ; Combes Moss, Barker. 

G2. Harper Lees, near Hathersage ; Burbage Brook, Barker. 

Tl. Bradley Wood; by Brailsford Brook. 



DICRANACE^. 857 

C. setifolius 7n/.«. 

Rocks in dales and on moors. Rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1887. 

L. Monk's Dale, with fruit. Barker in Braithio. 

C- atrovirens De Xot. c. lo/iffipHn.s- Brid. 

Mountain rocks, boggy moorland. Rare. 
First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 
Gl. Kinderscoiit, NatK (Gordon). 

DICRANODONTIUM B. 4- S. 

D. longirostre -Z?. 4' S. iJ'nIi/inodou dmudatus Lindb. 

Banks, rotten wood on mountains. Rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Natt. Stirrup Wood, Whitehead (1860) in Braithw. 
Whitebottom Wood, Charlesworth, N.D.M. Lightwood Reservoirs and streamlet 
above, near Buxton (F. alpinuin Schp.), Barker. 

DICRANUM l£<'dw. 

D. Bonjeani -De Xot. D. palii.strr B. & S. 

Marshes, bogs, wet heaths. Frequent. 

First record, Purchas, 1862. 

L. Monsal Dale ; between Taddington and Miller's Dale; Duke's Drive, 
near Buxton, Barker. 

Gl. Near Errwood, Buxton, Ley (1874). Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinder- 
scout, Natt. Near Cadster, and in a marshy place between Ladder Hill and 
Wythen Lache, near the boundary of Feruilee and Chapel ; about Lightwood 
Reservoir, Barker. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Purchas. 

D. SCOparium Hedw. Bryum L. 

Woods, heaths, banks, roofs. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale, Purchas. Castleton, Carr. Cales Dale ; Horseshoe and Back 
Dales, Barker. Bradwell ; Agnes Meadow, near Kniveton. 

Gl. Kinderscout; Charlesworth Coombs, Nat*. Near Buxton, with fruit, 
N.D.M. Chapel; Fernilee, Barker. Lose Hill; Edale. 

G2. Cromford, Eb. Mason. Burbage Brook ; Harper Lees, near Hathersage. 

P. Belph Moor, Whitwell ; Cresswell Crags ; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Mugginton, Bindley. Edlaston Coppy ; Shirley. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 
Var. orthophyUnm Brid. 

Gl. Carmeadow, near Hay field. Holt (1882) in N.D.M. Hollin worth 
Clough ; Jarvis Clough ; Fernilee, Barker. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. On a roof by Cratcliffe Tor, near Birchover. 



358 DICRANACE.E. FISSIDENTACE.E, 

Var. paltidosHJii Schimp. 

Gl. Near Kinderscout, Holt (1882) in BmitJnP. 

D. majUS Turn. 

Mountain woods. Not uncommon. 

First record, The NaticraUst, 1886. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Ley (1870). Dovedale, Bindley. 

Gl. Frequent, Fernilee, N.D.M. Wildmoor Clough; Goyt Valley, near 
Taxal ; foot of Bonsall Plane ; near old toll-bar, Fernilee, Barker, Charlesworth 
Coombs ; Kinderscout, Nat*. Grinds Brook, Edale. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK 

D. fuscescens Tm-n. 

Mountains, on and among rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, with fruit ; Kinderscout, Natt. Near Buxton ; 
Combes Moss ; Grinds Brook, Edale, Barker. Grinah Stones, Bleaklow Hill ; 
Stanage Edge. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. Under Birchen Edge, above Baslow ; Curbar 
Edge. 

Var. falcifoliimi Braithw. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Charlesworth Coombs, Scholefield in N.D.M. Jarvis 
Clough, Ashopton, Barker. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

LEUCOBRYUM Hampe. 

L. glaUCUm Schimp. 

Damp heaths, moors, and woods. Frequent. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Back Dale, near Hindlow ; Deep Dale, Barker. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Charlesworth Coombs, Nat*. Near Glossop, N.D.M. 
Near Buxton ; Combes Moss, with fruit, Ley (1886). Hathersage, with fruit. 

G2. Cromford Moor, Armitage. Whatstandwell, Painter NatK Froggatt, 
with fruit ; Birchin Edge, Baslow. 

Tl. Shirley Park ; Hulland Moss. 



VII. FISSIDENTACE/E. 

FISSIDENS Hvda: 

p. exilis Hcdiv. F. Bloxaiiii Wils, 

Clay banks, woods. Rather rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Clay banks, Charlesworth, N.D.M. Near Stirrup Wood, Natt. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. By Bradley Brook ; Lower Thurvaston ; 
Withy Pits, and other places in Shirley ; field by the marsh in Yeldersley Lane. 



FISSIDENTACEiE. 359 

F. viriduluS JFchl. Dtcramnn Sw. 

Shady banks, and among rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Purchas, 1859-62. 

L. Monk's Dale, Ley (1887). Dimminsdale, Ashford ; Hartle Dale, Brad- 
well ; Monsal Dale ; Via Gellia ; Dovedale ; Brassington Rocks ; between Wensley 
Dale and Snitterton. 

Gl. Banks at Mellor, Scholefield in N.D.M. Under Back Tor, Edale. 

G2. Ecclesbourne, Holmes in Braithw. Harper Lees, Hathersage. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; between Scarcliffe and Houghton. 

Tl. Bradley ; between Edlaston and Brailsford ; Lower Thnrvaston. 

T3. Calke, Purchas. 

Var. Li/lri Wils. 

L. Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 
P. Cresswell Crags ? 

F. pusillus JFils. 

In crevices of rocks. Somewhat rare. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1879. 

L, Lover's Leap, Buxton, Braithwaite. Chee Dale, N.D.M. Monk's Dale ; 
Ashwood Dale, Barker, and in N.D.M. Lathkil Dale, Ley. Cressbrook ; near 
Wardlow Mires ; Great Rocks Dale ; Dovedale. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, NatK Under Back Tor, Edale; Fairbrook, Woodlands. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow. 

P. Scarcliffe Park ; Markland Grips, Clowne. 

F. minutulus 'S'«//. F. pimUus v. madidns Spruce. 
Mountain rocks and woods. Rare. 
First record, Braithiuaite, 1881. 
Gl. Stirrup Wood, Gordon Ashton and Neild (1871) in Braithw. 

F. incurVUS f^tarlcr. 

Banks. Rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Clay banks, Charlesworth ; near Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. Near 
Stirrup Wood, Nat^. 

T3. Roadside bank between Shirley and Rodsley ; Teldersley Fields. 

F. tamarindifolius Wil-i. F. incuri-us v. tamarindifoHits Braithw. 
Banks. Rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1881. 
Gl. Charlesworth, Whitehead in Braithw. 

F. bryoides Hcdw. iiypmnu L. 

Clay banks. Common. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale ; Duke's Drive, Barker. Near Grin Wood, Buxton, Ley 
(1870). 



360 FISSIDENTACE.E. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood; Wliitebottom Wood, N.D.M. Chapel; Feruilee, 
Barker. Clough Farm, Edale. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow. 

P. Scarcliffe Park ; Marklaud Grips ; Cresswell Crags ; Pleasley Park. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Quarudoii, Painter, Natt. Radbourn, Bindley. Edlastou 
Coppy ; Slack Laue, Brailsford ; Hollington, Longford ; Dalbury Lees ; Shirley. 

T2. By pool, near Trent Station. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Drakelow. Hh. Mason. Eepton, Painter, NatK 

F. crassipes /^r/V.s. F. rlriduhis V. fontanm Braithw. 

In streams, especially on limestone. Rare. 

First record, Braitliwaite, 1881. 

L. Monsal Dale ; Ravensdale, Kolt (1883) in Braithw. Via Gellia, liey 
(1887). Dovedale, Barker. 

P. OSmundoideS Hcdtc Dicrcmnm Sw. 

Wet mountain rocks and slopes. Rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Abundantly in fruit on Kinderscout, Nat*. Edale, Holt in N.D.M. 
Edale Head, Ley (1881). Hollinworth Clough, Barker. 

F. adiantoides Jfcdir. Hypnuhi L. 

Damp mountain rocks, bogs. Not uncommon. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Plentiful on limestone rocks. Garner. Bradwell ; Cressbrook ; Cales 
Dale ; Horseshoe and Back Dales ; near Taddington, Barker. Conies Dale, 
Peak Forest ; Lathkil Dale, a dwarf form ; Dovedale. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood; Kinderscout, NatK Fernilee, N.D.M. Grinds Brook, 
Edale ; Birchin Clough, near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Bechagg Wood, Froggatt. 

P. Pleasley Park; Marklaud Grips; Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

F. decipiens ^><' ^"ot. F. crispatiis Wils, 

Wet mountain rocks, spongy ground. Frequent. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Frequent in Ashwood and Miller's Dales, N.D.3I. Conies Dale ; Cales 
Dale ; Horseshoe Dale ; Dovedale, Barker. Deep Dale ; Ravensdale ; Lathkil 
Dale, Ley. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Kirk Dale, Ashford ; Via Gellia. 

Gl. Frequent in Stenior Clough, N.D.M. Grinds Brook, Edale. 

P. Scarcliffe Park. 

P. taxifolius H'dw. Hypnuui L. 

Banks, woods, by streams. Common. 

First record, Bloxani MS., 1833. 

L. Cales and Lathkil Dales ; Back Dale, near Hindlow, Barker. Long- 
stone Edge, near Ashford ; Bradwell ; Dovedale ; by the Henmoor Brook. 



FISSIDENTACE.E. GRIMMIACE^. 361 

Gl. Claybauks, Charlesworth ; near Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. Bank of R. 
Goyt, near Taxal, and elsewhere in Feruilee, Barker. Eoych Cloiigh, Chapel. 

G2. Near Kirk Ireton. 

G. Sutton Spring Wood, near Chesterfield. 

P. Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Littleover, Bindley. Shirley; Mercaston ; 
Bradley Wood; copse east of Alkmontou ; Edlaston Coppy ; Snelston lime quarries. 

T2. Ditch bank by canal, near Derby. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Milton, Painter, Natt. 



VIII. GRIMMIACE/E. 

GRIM MIA £hrh. 
G. apocarpa £/ir/i. Iiri/iim L. 

Eocks, walls, &c. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Walls, Ashwood Dale, N.D.M. Dovedale, Purchas. Bradwell; Lathkil 
Dale ; Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Matlock Bath, Painter, Natt. Ashford ; Long- 
stone Edge ; Brook Bottom, Tideswell ; Cromford ; Agnes Meadow, Kniveton. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Ernocroft Wood, near Ludworth, NatK Whaley 
Bridge, N.D.M. Chapel; Pernilee, Barker. Ollerbrook Farm, Edale. 

P. Cresswell Crags; Pleasley Park; Markland Grips. 

Tl. Wyaston; Snelston lime quarries; Shirley Park. 

T8. Calke, Bloxam. 

Var. alpicohi (Sw.). Broithicaitc, 1888. 

L. Monsal Dale, Holt (1886) in Braithw. 

Yar. f/rficili.s W. & M. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Barker. 

Var. pumila Schimp. Braithwaite, 1888. 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt (1879) in Braithw. 

Gr. pulvinata -SO/^ Brnnm L.. 

Walls, rocks, &c. Common. 

First record, Bloxam M.S., 1833. 

L. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Dovedale, Purchas. Deep Dale; Kirk Dale, 
Ashford; near Kniveton. 

Gl. Mellor, Natt. Chapel; Fernilee, Barker. 

G2. Belper; Dufl&eld, Painter, Natt. Gardom's Edge, Baslow. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips ; Upper Langwith. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Shirlej'; churchyard, Brailsford; Snelston 
lime quarries. 



362 GRIJIMIACE^. 

T2. Cemeter}' Wall, near Chaddesden. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Walls between Ticknall and Eepton, Purchas. 
Eepton, Painter, NaP. 

Var. obttisfi Hueben. Dri/ptodoi/ Brid. Brulth'caitr, 1888. 
L, Longstone Edge, near Ashford. 
T3. Ticknall, Purchas (1863). 

G. trichophylla Gvev. 

Rocks, walls. Rather rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1887. 

L, Chee Dale, Holt in Braithw. Taddington Dale ; Deej^ Dale ; Horseshoe 
Dale ; Via Gellia ; Brassington Rocks. 

Gl. Kinder, near Hayfield, N.D.M. Rocks inider Back Tor, Edale. 

G2. Rowsley, Boswell (1874) in Braithw. Sandstone walls, Stanton, Ley. 
Wall where path leaves the main road for Robin Hood's Stride, Barker. 
Wall of Hathersage Road, Grindleford. 

G. Stirtoni Schimp. 

Grit rocks. Very rare. Always sterile and propaguliferous. 
First record. The Flora. 

Gl. Shallcross Plane, Fernilee ; Chapel ; W^haley Bridge to Buxton, near 
Whitehall; Spire Hollins, Combes, Barker. 

G. Doniana '*^'/«- 

Mountain rocks. Rare. 

First record, Wilso7i, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Holmes in Braithw. Kinderscout, Natt. Buxton, Whitehead 
in Braithw. Fernilee ; Castleton, N.D.M. Charlesworth, Tinker in N.D.M, 
On a wall top. Combes Moss, Ley. Wall, Whaley Bridge to Buxton ; old road 
above Lanehead Farm, Fernilee ; near Shippons of Horwich House, Chapel, 
Barker, 

RHACOMITRIUM ^"W. 

R. aciculare Brid. Bryum, L. Gr'uiun'td CM. 

Rocks in mountain streams. Common. 

First records, Pctiver, 1713 ; Witheriiig, 1787. " Scampton's Peak Moor-moss. 
First discovered by this Gentleman on the large Stones which lie in the Rivulets, 
amongst the Peakmoors in Derbyshire," Petivcr. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Natt. Moorland streams near 
Buxton, Ley. R. Goyt, Fernilee ; clough west of Thornylea, Combes ; near Little 
Hayfield, Barker, Oyster Clough, near the Snake Inn ; near Lady Bower Inn, 
Ashopton ; Grinds Brook, Edale ; Combes Moss. 

G2. Froggatt ; Bar Brook, and Gardom's Edge, Baslow ; near Higgar Tor, 
Hathersage. 
Var. dctitknhitKin B. & S. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Stenior Clough, N.D.M. Cowburn, Barker. 



GRIMMIACE.E. 863 

[R. protensum Bmuji. Grimmia aquat'ica CM. 
Damp moimtain rocks. Rare. Dilleniiis, 1741. 
Gl. In the Peat, Dillenius. Requires confirmation.] 

R. fasciculare Brld. Brywn Schrad. Griiiuiiia CM. 

On mountain rocks. Freqiient. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, NatK Stenior Clough ; Kiuderscout ; near 
Buxton, N.D.M. Pernilee ; Combes ; Chapel, and near Wash, Barker. Grinds 
Brook, Edale. 

G2, Cromford, Garner. 

R. heterOStichum Brld. Trichostoinuni Hedw. 

On mountain rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Harper Hill, Buxton. 

Gl. Stenior Clough; near Buxton, N.D.M. Near Shallcross Mill, Horwich 
End, and other places in Fernilee ; Spire Hollins, Combes ; near Chapel Rail- 
way Station, and other places in Chapel ; Combes Moss, Barker, 

G2. Wall of Hathersage Road, Grindleford. 

Var. gracUescens B. & S. G. obtnm Lindb. Trlchostoinuin ohttisnin Sm. 
Gl. Kinderscout, J.B., 1894. 

R. lanilginosuni Brld. Tiicho-itoniitm Hedw. Griininia Jii/pnoides Lindb. 

Bryiim L. 

Rocks and walls. Common. 

First record, Martyn Phil. Trans., 1729. " Bryiim hijpnoides capitnUs 
pliirimis erectis lanuginosum Dillenii." 

L. Chee Dale, N.D.M. Ravensdale ; Deep Dale ; Lathkil Dale, Ley, 
Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Dovedale, Garner. Great Rocks Dale. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Charlesworth Coombs, Natt. In little short patches on 
walls in Fernilee and Chapel, an unusual form, Barker. Old road, a little 
above Fox House Inn. 

R. CaneSCenS BrUl. Grhiimia CM. TrichostotiiKin Timm. 

Walls, dry heaths, rocks. Frequent, 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Lathkil Dale, Ley. Dovedale, Garner. Monk's Dale, Barker. Har- 
borough Rock. 

Gl. Fernilee, N.D.M. Goyfs Clough; old road north of Ladder Hill, 
Chapel, Barker. 

Var. ericoides B. & S, Bryitin Schrad. 
L. Chee Dale, N.D.M. 
Gl. Fernilee; Kinderscout; Chapel-en-le-Frith, iV.Z).3f. 



364 GRIMMIACE.E. TORTULACE^. 

PTYCHOMITRIUM B. * S. 

P. polyphyllum Fiimr. Ghjphouiitr'niin Mitt. Bryinii Dickn. 

Mountain rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Walls, Ashwood Dale, N.D.M. Dovedale, Garner. 

Gl. Abundant on the millstone grit, near Buxton, Ley. Fernilee ; Kinder- 
scout, N.D.M. Occasionally on walls. Chapel, Barker. 

Tl. On slag, railway banks, Mickleover, Bindley ! 

CAMPYLOSTELEUM B. # S. 

C. saxicola B. 4- ,S'. Glyphuni'itrimn Mitt. Dicnrnuiii W. & M. 

Grit or sand rocks. Rare. 

First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

G2. Crich; Rowsley, Wilson (1833) in BraitJnv. Near Cromford, N.H. 
Tilth. 

HBDWIGIA Mrh. 

H. ciliata Ehrh. Bri/nm Dicks. JI. albicans Lindb. 
Grit rocks and walls. Rare. 
First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 
Gl. Kinderscout, with fruit, Natt. (Whitehead). Fernilee, N.D.M. 



IX. TORTULACE/E. 

ACAULON CM. 

A , muticum O.M. Spkaemngmni Schimp. Phascuin Schreb. 
Bare soil. Rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Charlesworth, N.D.M. Near Stirrup Wood, NatK 
Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 

PHASCUM &/or/;. 

P. CUSpidatum l^chrch. P. m-unhn L, 

Fallows, banks, &c. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Miller's Dale; Tideswell Dale, N.D.M. Brassington Rocks. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Near Overlea, Barker. 

G2. Fallows between Dethick Common and Lea. 

P. Scarcliffe ; Stony Houghton ; Whitwell Wood, one plant out of a patch 
with curved seta. 



TORTULACE^. 865 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Hollington, Longford ; Yeldersley ; Snelston 
lime quarries ; Thurvaston, near Marston Montgomery ; Kirk Langley. 

T2. By the canal near Spondon ; Mansfield Road, between one and two 
miles from Derby ; by canal south of Derby. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Milton, Painter, NatK 

Var. pilifcrion Hook & Tayl. 

P. Cresswell Crags; Bel]Dh Moor, Whitwell. 

P. curvicoUe lyn/i. 

Fallows, bare soil among rocks, on magnesian limestone. Rare. 
First record, The Flora. 

P. At and near Cresswell Crags; Belph Moor [najned by Bev. C. H. 
Binstead) ; fields by Whitwell Wood, and in a quarry near Whitwell Station. 

POTTIA Efu-h. 

P. recta ^Vitt. Phasaon With. 

Fallows and bare soil, on limestone. Rather rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Miller's Dale; Monsal Dale, N.D.M. Duke's Drive, Buxton. 

P. Between Belph Moor and Cresswell Crags; Pleasley Park; Scarcliffe 
Park, and between that and Stony Houghton ; fields by Whitwell Wood ; quarry 
near Whitwell Station, and old quarry near Springfield Farm. 

P. bryoideS Jfitt. Phascuui Dicks. 

Fallows and bare places on limestone. Rare. 

First records, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855 ; Pttrcluis, 1860. 

L. Biixtou, Wood in Braithw. Dovedale, Fraser in Braithw. Wormhill, 
Nowellin N.D.M. Miller's Dale, Scholfield in N.D.M. Monsal Dale, Ashton in 
N.D.M. Chee Dale, N.D.M. Taddington Dale, Barker. Near Monyash ; north 
side of Harper Hill. 

T3. Calke, Pnrchas. 

P. truncatula Llndb. Brijum L. P. truncata Fllrnr, 

Fallows, banks, bare soil. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl. Near Stirrup Wood, Natf. Fernilee ; Chapel ; bank of wood near Spire 
Hollins, Barker. Near Clough Farm, Edale, 

G2. Fallows between Dethick Common and Lea. 

C. Near Calow Green, Chesterfield. 

P. Belph Moor, and near Cresswell Crags ; Pleasley Park ; old quarry near 
Whitwell Station. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Brailsford ; Shirley ; Langley Common ; 
Cross o' th' hands ; The Holt, Edlaston. 

T2. By canal, Derby. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Between Coppin Nook and Melbourne, Purchas. 
Foremark, Painter, Nat^. 



366 TORTULACE.E. 

P. intermedia FUmr. Gijiiiiiostoiinon Turn. 

Rocks, walls, fallows, mostly on limestone. Not common. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1884. 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt (1881) in Braitluv. Lightwood Road, Buxton ; 
Dovedale, Barker. Taddington Dale. 

P. In an old quarry east of Whitwell Station, and in fields by Whitwell 
Wood. 

P. minutula FUmr. GyinnoHtohmm Schleich. P. Starkei v. Bavalln Lindb. 

Fallows, roadsides, bare places. Not uncommon. 

First record, Purchas, 1859-62. 

L. Miller's Dale, N.D.AI. 

P. Belph Moor, Whitwell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Between Mercaston and Cross o' th' 
hands ; Hollington, Longford ; Corley, near Bradley ; Shirley ; Yeldersley ; near 
Long Lane ; Snelston lime quarries. 

T2. Waste groimd by canal, near Derby. 

T3. Melbourne Common, Purchas. 

P. Starkeana CM. Weissia Hedw. 

Bare soil. Rare. 

First record, Bmithwaite, 1884. 

L. or Gl. Buxton, Hunt (1872) in Braithw. 

P. lanceolata CM. Lecrsia Hedw. 

Rocks, quarries, banks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Taddington Dale ; Miller's Dale ; Monsal Dale, N.D.M. Dovedale, 
Purchas, Via Gellia. 

G2. Wall tops north of Froggatt. 

P. ScarcliiTe Park ; Pleasley Park ; between Belph Moor and Cresswell 
Crags : quarries both sides of Whitwell Station. 

Tl. Brailsford ; near Peathays, and north of Shirley Park, Shirley; 
Snelston lime quarries. 

T2. Near Derby canal, south of Derby. 

T8. Calke, Bloxam. Ticknall, Purchas. 

P. latifolia C3f. Weissia Schwaegr. 
Mountain rocks. Very rare. 
First record, Braithwaite, 1884. 
L. Carr rocks above Castleton, Dickie (1867) in Braithw. 

TORTULA IM,r. 
T. pusilla Mitt. Ilr;/i(//i Hedw. I'ottir/ cHvifvlia Ehrh. Gijimwstonmm 
oration Hedw. 
Wall tops. Not common. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 



TORTULACEiE. 367 

L. Miller's Dale, Cunliffe in N.D.M. Wall tops betweeu Tideswell and 
Miller's Dale, Leij (1887). 

G2. Wall tops, abundant, north of Froggatt. 
T3. Calke, Bloxam. Tickuall, Purchas (1859). 

T. lamellata Llndb. Barbithi CKvifoiic Schimp. 
Wall tops, bare ground. Rare. 
First record, Ley MS., 1898. 
L. Near Miller's Dale Station, Let/. 

T. brevirostris Hook 15- Grer. 

Wall tops in limestone districts. Very rare. 

First record. Holmes in Grevillcea, ii., 169, 1873. 

L. Wall top in Ashwood Dale, George (1873) in Braithw. 

T. rigida Scltrud. Bui-hnln Schultz. T. stellata Liudb. 

Wall tops, mostly on limestone. Rather rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, IBBi, 

L. Peak Forest, Whitehead (1871) in Braithw. Ashwood Dale, Barker. 
Topley Pike, N.D.M. Miller's Dale, Ley (1869). Via Gellia. 

Gl. Wall top, Overlea; near Horwich End, Fernilee, Barker. 

P. Quarries on both sides of Whitwell Station ; wall top near Langwith 
Station. 

T2. On a walled bank in Locko Park. 

T. ambigua Anf/.str. Barbida B. k S. T. er'icmfollu Lindb. 

Wall tops, mostly on limestone. Rare. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Topley Pike, Buxton, Ley (1876). 

Tl. On conglomerate, Wyastou. 

T3. Ticknall Quarries; tramway, Calke, Purchas. [T. rigida). Repton, 
Painter, Natt. 

T. aloides JJe Not. Trichostomum Koch. Barbida Furnr. 

Wall tops, mostly on limestone. Rather rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1884. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Holt (1880) in Braithw. Topley Pike, Ley (1870). 
Wall top by an old quarry, Duke's Drive, Buxton. 

Gl. Near Stirrup Wood, Natt. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries {named by Bev. C. H. Binstead). 

T. muralis Hedw. Bryum L. Barbida Timm. 
Common on walls, rocks, &c. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 



368 TORTULACEiK. 

Var. nipestri-s Wils. Fiirchas^ 1862. 

L. Frequent on rocks and walls in the limestone districts, N.D.M. 
Ravensdale ; Lathkil Dale, Ley (1881). Dovedale, Purchas. Near Taddington ; 
Great Rocks Dale; Back Dale, Barker. Via Gellia. 

Gl. Mellor, Natt. 

P. Pleasley Park ; Marklaud Grips ; Cresswell Crags. 

T. subulata Hcdir. Bnjion L. Barbiiht P. Beanv. 

Brook banks, walls, limestone rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Frequent on banks and walls in the limestone dales, N.D.M. Abundant, 
Buxton, Ley (1869). Matlock Bath, Armitage. Miller's Dale, Painter, Natt. 
Castleton, Carr. Bradwell, Snelyrove. Cressbrook ; Conies Dale ; Back Dale, 
Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Tideswell; Fern Dale, Ashford; Brassiugton; 
Dovedale. 

Gl. Fernilee ; Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. Edale. 

G2. By R. Derw'ent, near Beeley ; Hathersage road, Grindleiord. 

P, Markland Grips; hedge. Upper Langwith ; Cresswell. 

Tl. Cubley Brook ; Markeaton Brook ; gravel pit, Wyaston ; near Alk- 
monton. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton, Painter, NatK 

■p. mutica Lhidh. Barbula latifulla B. & S. 
Tree trunks by streams. Rather rare. 
First record, The Flora. 

L. Deep Dale, near Buxton ; Scow Brook, near Hognaston. 
G2. By R. Derwent, between Matlock and Darley. 
Tl. By R. Dove, near Doveridge. 

T. laevipila Schwaryr. 8yntrichia Brid. Barhtda B. & S. 

Tree trunks. Rather rare. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. On trees, Dovedale, N.D.M. Trees near Thorpe, Garner. Monsal 
Dale, Holt in N.D.M. On a tree by the roadside between Hope and Castleton ; 
and between Alport and Bakewell, Barker. 

Gl. Chapel-eu-le-Frith, N.D.M. North end of Combes Reservoir, Barker. 

T. intermedia Brrk. Syntrirkia Brid. BarhidK Milde. T. nwntana Lindb. 

Limestone dales, walls. Frequent. 

First record, Purchas, 1862. 

L. Miller's Dale; Bakewell, Holt in Braithw. Buxton, Ley (1869). Dove- 
dale, Purchas. Cales Dale ; Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Taddington Dale ; 
Cressbrook ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Harper Hill, Buxton. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Holt in Braithw. Wall by the roadside near 
Cadster, between Chapel and Whaley, Barker. 

P. Whitwell. 



TORTULACE^. 369 

T. ruralis Ehrh. Bnjnm L. BarbuJa Hedw. 

Walls, roofs, &c. Not unfrequerit. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Old walls, Ashwood Dale ; Wormhill ; Dovedale ; Castleton, N.D.M. 
Buxtou, Ley. Between Alport and Haddon Hall ; Horseshoe Dale and Back 
Dale, Barker. Near Cromford Station. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; on a roof at Whitwell. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Foremark, Painter, Naf^. 

T. princeps JJe JVot. Barhula Miwlleri B. & S. 

Rocks and walls, rarely tree trunks. Rare. 

First record, Tlie Naturalist, 1885. 

L. Near Buxton, Ashton (1870) in Braithw. Near Miller's Dale, Cash in 
N.D.M. 

BARBULA Medw. 

B. lurida Lmdh. iJldjimodon Hornsch. 
Limestone rocks. Verj' rare. 
First recoi'd, The Flora. 
L. Dovedale, Barker. 

B, rubella ^^!^iff. Bnjum Hoffm. iJidijmodon B, & S. 

Rocks, walls, esi^ecially on limestone. Frequent. 

First record, Purchas, 1859. 

L. Dovedale, Hb. Mason. Cressbrook ; Cales Dale; Back Dale, near 
Hindlow ; Lover's Leap, Barker. Bradwell ; Ashford ; Chee Tor ; Via Gellia, 
and Masson Hill ; Madge Boose, Kniveton. 

Gl. Mellor, NatK Fernilee; Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton, Barker. Bank 
Hall, Chapel. Frequent on walls, N.D.M. 

G2. Froggatt ; by R. Derwent, near Beelej'. 

P. Between Scarcliffe and Stony Houghton ; Pleasley Park ; Upi^er Lang- 
with ; Markland Grips ; Cresswell Crags ; Belph Moor. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries ; Thurvaston, near Marston Montgomery ; 
Wyaston ; by the waterwheel, Shirley Park. 

T3. Foremark; Calke, Purchas. 

Var. dcntiita Braithw. (1887). 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt (1879) m Braithw. Ashwood Dale, Ley. 

B. tophiacea Mitt. Trichostomum Brid. B. brcvifolla Lindb. 

Limestone walls and by springs. Frequent. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Miller's Dale, N.D.M. Monk's Dale; Cressbrook; Dovedale, Barker. 
Ashwood Dale ; Lathkil Dale ; Via Gellia. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Nat*. Fernilee, and near Spire Hollins, Barker. Wall, 
south of Combes Reservoir. 



370 TORTULACE^. 

C. By a pond, aud by roadside at Dale Moor. 

P. Old quarry near Springfield Farm, Whitwell ; between Scarcliffe and 
Houghton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Radbourn ; Findern ; Littleover, Bindleij. 
Between Shirley and Hollington ; Darley Moor, near Snelston. 

T2. By canal south of Derby. 

B. fallax Heche. 

Banks, walls, roadsides. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Frequent in Ashwood and Miller's Dales, N.D.M. Castleton, Can: 
Monyash ; near Taddington ; Hindlow ; Back Dale ; near Lover's Leap ; Dove- 
dale, Barker. Via Gellia ; Kniveton Brook. 

Gl. Edale ; Chapel; Fernilee, Barker. 

G2. Cromford, Hb. Mason. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Findern, Bindley. Clifton ; Shirley ; 
Snelston lime quarries ; Slack Lane, Brailsford ; brook below Hulland Moss. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Willington, Eb. Mason. Quarries at Ticknall, 
Purchas. 

Var. brcvifoUa Schultz. Braithwaltc, 1887. 

L. Buxton; Miller's Dale, Holt (1883) in Braithw. Quarry on Fairfield 
Common. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Fernilee, Barker. Slackhall, near Chapel. 

P. Clowne. 

Tl. Fallows, Yeldersley, near Ashbourne. 

B. recurvifolia Schimp. Tortula Berk. B. refcxa Brid. 

Bare soil, walls. Rather rare. 

First record, J.B., 1871. 

L. Buxton; Middleton, Wilson in Braithw. Via Gellia, Holmes in 
Braithw. Miller's Dale ; Castleton, Holt in Braithw. Ashwood Dale, with fruit, 
Ley. Monyash ; Bradwell ; Dovedale, Barker. Diamond Hill ; Scow Brook, 
near Hognaston. 

Gl. Walls, Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Shallcross Plane, near Horwich 
End, Fernilee, Barker. By R. Noe, Edale. 

Tl. Lane from Old Yeldersley to Ednaston Lodge; main road between 
Shirley and Brailsford. 

B. spadicea Mitt. TrichostoDiHin rii/idnlKm Sm. p.p. 

By mountain streams. Rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1887. 

L. Buxton, Wilson (1863) in Braithw. Dovedale, Holmes in Braithiv ! 
Castleton, Holt in Braithw. Monyash; Cressbrook, Barker. Monk's Dale. 

P. Pleasley Park. 



TORTULACE^. 371 

B. rigidula Mitt. JJub/modun Hedw. 

Walls, rocks. Not uucommou. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. 'Bxxy.to-a., Wilson {IQM) in Braithw. Ca,st\eton, HoU in Braithw. Ashwood 
Dale, N.D.M. Ravensdale, Let/. Matlock, Garner. Bradwell ; Ashford ; Cales 
Dale ; Hiadlow, Barker. Harper Hill. 

Gl. "Walls, Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. Clunal, near Glossop, Buxton. Near 
the railway above Combes Reservoir ; near Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton ; Chapel ; 
Ff-rnilee, Barker. 

G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Bar Brook, Baslow. 

P. Clowne ; Scarclifte Park ; Pleasley Park. 

Tl. Stonework of wet place between Eduastou and Brailsford Brook ; 
laneside between Old Yeldersley and Ednaston. 

T3. Tramway, Calke, Purchas. 

B. cylindrica Schimp. Zygotrlchla Tayl. 

Walls, quarries, banks. Frequent. 

First record, N.D.M. , 1894. 

L. Buxton ; Castleton ; Matlock, N.D.M. Chee Dale ; near Taddiugton ; 
Bradwell ; Cales Dale ; Dovedale, Barker. Via Gellia ; Monk's Dale. 

Gl. Shallcross Plane, Fernilee ; above Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker. 
Roadside below north end of Axe Edge. 

G2. Hathersage road, Grindleford. 

P. Markland Grips ; Scarcliffe Park ; Pleasley Park ; Upper Langwith. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries ; brook north side of Brailsford Common ; 
between Ednaston and Brailsford Brook ; on sandy conglomerate at Edlaston 
Coppy ; Cubley Brook ; Marston Montgomery. 

B. vinealis J^i'id. B. cyVuidrka var. vinenU.s Braithw. 

Rocks, walls. Rare. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc., 1879. 

L. Chee Dale ; Bradwell ; near Monyash, Barker. By a roadside spring 
between Miller's Dale and Buxton. 

Gl. Green Lane, Chapel, Barker. 

B. sinUOSa Braithu-. BlcraHclla Wils. MS. IHdynwdon Schimp. 

Walls, rocks, on limestone. Rather rare. 

First record, Braithivaite, 1887. 

L. Chee Dale, Holmes (1875) in Braithw. Monk's Dale ; Miller's Dale ; 
Monsal Dale, Holt in Braithw. Lathkil Dale, Ley. 

B. Hornschuchiana Schuitz. 

Bare soil, walls, quarries. Rather rare. 

First records, Manchester Crypt. Soc., and The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Cromford, Hunt (1863) in Braithw. Miller's Dale, Manch. Crypt. Soc. 
{Holt). Topley Pike, Ley. Lightwood Road, Buxton ; Hurdlow Station ; Hind- 
low; near Taddington, Barker. 



372 



TORTULACE.i:. 



Gl. Lydgate, Eccles Pike; Shallcross Plane, Horwich End, Fernilee, 
Barker. 

B. revoluta Brid. Tortida Schrad. 

Wall tops. Not uncommon. 

First record. The Naturalist, 188C. 

L. Walls, Buxton; Miller's Dale, N.D.M. Monsal Dale, Leij. Ashford ; 
Castleton, Barker. Monk's Dale, on tufa. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Mellor, NatK Fernilee, Barker. 

G2. Wall top, main road above Froggatt; Hathersage road, Grindleford. 

B. convoluta JMir. 

Wall tops, banks, roadsides. Frequent. 

First record, Purchas, 1862. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Topley Pike, Leij. Bradwell ; Hindlow ; Dovedale, 
Barker. Masson Hill, Matlock Bath; Fairiield Common, Buxton. 

Gl. Frequent on banks and walls, J^.Z).M. Mellor, iV^ai^ Chapel ; Fernilee, 
Barker. Edale. 

P. Markland Grips ; quarry near Whit well Station ; Pleaslej'. 

Tl, Findern, Bindley. By the waterwheel, Shirley Park. 

T3. Dimminsdale, Calke, Purchas. Melbourne. 

Var. Sftrdoa B. & S. 

L. On walls, Ashwood Dale ; Back Dale, near Hindlow ; Miller's Dale ; 
Great Rocks Dale ; near Monyash ; Horseshoe Dale ; Ashford ; Dovedale, Barker. 
Old quarry on Fairfield Common. 

G2. Hathersage road, Grindleford. 

B. unguiculata Hedw. £ri/>an Huds. 

Bare ground, walls. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Abundant at Matlock, N.D.M. Back Dale, and at Hindlow ; Bradwell ; 
near Monyash; near Taddington, Barker. Monk's Dale; Duke's Drive, and 
near Harper Hill. 

Gl. Fernilee ; Chapel, Barker. 

C. Calow Green, Chesterfield. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Scarcliffe Park ; Markland Grips ; Red Hill, Whit- 
well. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Naft. Findern; Haihonrne, Bindley. Gravel pit, 
Bradley; Shirley; Ednaston; Snelston lime quarries. 

T2. Mansfield Road, near Derby ; near Breadsall. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton, Painter, NatK Ticknall. 
Var. cusp'idata Braithw. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Barker. 

Var. obtuMfuUu (Schiiltz.) BraithwaH-, 1887. 
L. Miller's Dale, Holt (1883) in Braithw. 



TORTULACE.E. 373 

LEPTODONTIUM Hump,'. 

L. flexifolium Jlumpe. BnjHiu Dicks. Bidymodon Hook. & Tayl. 

Moorland, in peat or gravel. Rather rare. 

First record, Hook, d- Tayl., 1827. 

Gl. Moor two miles from Buxton on Manchester Road, Greville in HooJc. /(• 
Tayl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, XaP. Burnt Hill, Hollinworth 
Clough; Combes Moss; moor near Goyt's Lane; Wildmoor Clough, and near 
Goyt's Bridge ; foot of Bonsall Plane ; Lightwood Reservoir, Barker. 

G2. Moorland near Stanton, Ley (1880). Burbage Brook, Barker. Harland 
Edge, above Beeley. 

TVEISSIA IMh: 

"W. crispa Mitf. Phatcuni Hedw. Systegiuni Schimp. MvUin Lindb. 

Bare soil on limestone. Rare. 

First record. The Flora, 

L. Via Gellia. 

P. Marklaud Grips ; between Cresswell Crags and Belph Moor ; Scarcliffe 
Park ; Pleasley Park. 

"W^. SquarrOSa C.^^. Gymnosfonudn Wils. MoUia Lindb. Hyineiiosfotnum 

Nees & Hornscb. 

Fallows. Rare. 

First record, BraUhwaite, 1885. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Scholefield (1868) in Braithw. Banks at Mellor, Scholefield 
in N.D.M. 

W. microstoma CM. GymnoKtomum Hedw. Mollia Lindb. 

Bare ground, soil among rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, Purchas, 1862. 

L. Castleton ; Monsal Dale ; Miller's Dale ; Lathkil Dale, iV.D.M. Buxton, 
Ley (1869). Dovedale, Purchas. Great Rocks Dale, Barker. Horseshoe Dale ; 
Deep Dale ; north side of Diamond Hill. 

Gl. Roadside between Whaley Bridge and Chapel, at the boundary of 
Fernilee and Chapel parishes ; Srigley's Quarry, near Chapel, Barker. 

G2. Above Mag Clough, Grindleford. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Scarcliffe Park ; Steetley Quarry. 

Var. obhqua CM. 

L. Duke's Drive, Buxton ; Great Rocks Dale, Barker. 

Var. hruchycarpa Schimp. Hyincnostomum hrachyeurpum N. & H. 

Tl. Damp clay fields about Yeldersley Lane, near Shirley. " A tall well 
developed form with broad leaves almost entirely plane-margined even to the 
upper perichaetial bracts, and with the capsule almost of the typical shape, not 
shortly oval as usual in the variety," 'Dixon in litt. 



874 TORTULACE^. 

W. tortilis CM. Gynwontonuon Sch-n^aegr. MoUia Braithw. 

Limestone banks. Rare. 

First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

L. Lathkil Dale, Wilson (1831) in Braithw. Ashwood Dale, N.D.M. 
Miller's Dale, Ley (ley. C. Wild). Cales Dale, Barker. Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

"W. viridula Hedw. Brynm L. MoUla Lindb. W. controversri H edw. 

Banks. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Cressbrook, N.D.M. Lathkil Dale ; Duke's Drive, Buxton, Earlier. 
Diamond Hill, Buxton ; near Monyash ; Masson Hill ; Dovedale ; Brassington 
Rocks; near Kniveton. 

Gl. Banks at Edale ; Whaley Bridge; Mellor, N.D.M. Fernilee ; Chapel; 
Bugsworth, Barker. Near Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton ; Chinley. 

G2. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Wakebridge, Crich ; Grindleford. 

C. Calow, near Chesterfield. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Scarcliffe Park ; Langwith Wood ; near Stony 
Houghton ; Mark land Grips ; Belph Moor. 

Tl. Mickleover; Radbourn, Painter, Nat^. Edlaston ; Osmaston ; Shirley; 
by Bradley Brook ; Snelston lime quarries ; Brailsford ; Cross o' th' hands, Hul- 
land Ward. 

T2. By pool south of Trent Station. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam, Ticknall, Piirchas. Brizlincote; Newton Solney, 
N.H. Tilth. Milton; Foremark, Painter, NatK 

Var. nmhhjodon B. & S. 

L. A form of this near Harper Hill, Buxton, Barker. Grilf Grange, Via 
Gellia. 

"W. crispata ^<'cs ^ Hormch. jr. viriduht v. yyiiniostomoidi-s B. &: S. 

Banks, limestone dales. Rare. 

First record, Dixon, J.B., 1899. 

L. Miller's Dale, Hb. Whitehead [G. densifoUa, 1871). Buxton district 
(1878) ; near Harper Hill, Barker. Ashwood Dale, HI). Whitehead [G. condensatum, 
1880). Monk's Dale, Dixon (1899). 

"W. tenuis CM. Gyiiuiontonmiii Schrad. Gyrowcissi<i Schimp. Jfol/in Lindb. 
Slopes of sandstone or limestone. Rare. 
First record, N.H. Tilth., 1863. 
T3. Calke Park, Bloxam in N.H. Tnth. 

"W". calcarea C}[. Gymiiosfoiiuim Nees & Hornsch. .Uullia Lindb. 
Limestone rocks, or toadstone. Locallj- abundant. 
First record, Manch. Cryi>t. Sue, 1881. 



TORTUI.ACEJE. 375 

L. Chee Dale, Holmes (1874) in BmitJiw. Monsal Dale ; Ravensdale. 
Holt ill Braithw. On toadstone at Dale End, near Buxton. W. West, July, 1879. 
Monk's Dale ; Miller's Dale, Ley. Between Parsley Hay and Dovedale ; 
Lathkil Dale, Barker. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne (named hij Rev. C. H. Binstead). 

"W^. rupestris CM. GymnostoDium Schleich. MoJlia Lindb. 

Damp limestone rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. » 

L. Miller's Dale, Barker in N.D.M. Deep Dale, Ley (1886). Cressbrook ; 
Chee Dale ; Back Dale, Hindlow ; between Parsley Hay and Dovedale, Barker. 
Cales Dale and Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. Bridge near old tollbar, Fernilee, Barker. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Var, ramon'n^sima CM. Braithwaite, 1885. 

L. Castleton, Rogers (1881) in Braithw. Miller's Dale, Holt in N.D.M. 
Conies Dale; Deep Dale; Dovedale; near Lover's Leap, Barker. Ashwood 
Dale. 

TAT^. CUrvirOStris CM. Gymnostomiun Hedw. Barhuln Lindb. 

Damp mountain rocks. Rather rare. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Wet rocks, Castleton, Holt in N.D.M. Bridge between Ashbourne and 
Thorpe, Garner. Masson Hill, Matlock Bath ; Duke's Drive, Buxton. 

Gl. Kinderscout, NaiK (Holt and Whitehead). Chinley Hills. 

G2. Under White Edge, Froggatt. 

[Var. cotitinutfitd Lindb. Hymcnostykum Mitt. BraitJuraite, 1887. 

L, Ravensdale, Holt (1883) in Braithw. 

N.B. — Mr. Whitehead erased this in his annotated copy of The Naturalist 
for 1886 as an error, hence it apparently requires confirmation.] 

W. verticillata Brkh Bryum L. EudadUim B. «& S. MoUia Lindb. 

Damp limestone rocks. Rather rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Peak Forest; Chee Dale, N.D.M. Monk's Dale, with fruit. Ley (1887). 
Cressbrook ; Taddington ; Dovedale, Barker. 

P. Markland Grips, t. Rev. C. H. Binstead. 

TRICHOSTOMUM B. 4- S. emend. 

T. crispulum Bnn-h. MoUia Lindb. 

Rocks, walls, banks, especially on limestone. Not uncommon. 
First record, J3)riithwaife, 1885. 



376 TORTULACE.E. 

L. Monsal Dale, Holt (1882) in Braithw. Cave Dale, Castleton, West in 
N.D.M. Chee Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Monk's Dale ; Eavensdale ; Dovedale, Ley 
(1876). Conies Dale ; Bradwell ; Gales and Back Dales ; Great Rocks Dale, 
Barker. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow. 

P. Ci-esswell Crags; quarry near Springtield Farm, Whitwell; Markland 
Grips. 

Var. iiif/rcriridc Dixon. The Xaturaliat, 1886. 

L. Monk's Dale, Natt. {Holt). Dovedale, Barker. 

T. mutabile Bnwh. MoJUa hruchijdontia Lindb. 

Among rocks, mostly on limestone. Not uncommon. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1887. 

L. Dovedale, Wilson (1867) in Braithw. Lathkil Dale ; Taddington Dale, 
N.D.M. Conies Dale; Gales Dale; Monk's Dale; Back Dale; Horseshoe Dale; 
near Lover's Leap, Barker. Between Harper Hill and Diamond Hill; Via 
Gellia ; Bi'assington Rocks. 

P. Cresswell Crags (t. C. H. Binstead). 

T3. Repton, Painter, NatK 

Var. lifontlc Dixon. 

P. Cresswell Crags (" apparently," C. H. Binstead). 

Var. cophocarpum Schimp. Bralthivmtc, 1887. 

L. Chee Dale, Whitehead (1880) in Braithw. Miller's Dale, West in 
Braithw. Cave Dale; Tideswell Dale; Taddington Dale, N.D.M. Litton Dale, 
Ley. Gressbrook ; Lathkil Dale ; Back Dale ; Great Rocks Dale ; Monk's Dale 
Dovedale, Barker. Rocks above Lover's Leap, Buxton. 

Gl. Wall by the brook, south of Combes Reservoir. 

T. tenuirostre Lindb. MuUia Lindb. Bidi/inodon cyUndrlcus B. & S. 
Rocks by streams. Rare. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 
Gl. Kinderscout, Holt in N.D.M. 

T. nitidum Sdiimp. MoUia Lindb. 

Limestone rocks. Rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1887. 

L. [Dovedale, at the opening of Hall Dale, Holmes (1875) in Braithw.'] 
but on the Staffs, side I learn from Mr. H. Dowel Dale, between Hiudlow and 
the Dove, Barker. 

T. tortuOSUm. Dixon. Jfo/lia Schrank. llnr/ni/n W. & M. 
Rocks and walls, especially on limestone. Frequent. 
First record, Engl. Bat., 1807. 



TORTULACE.E. ENCALYPTACE^. 377 

L. Frequent on rocks and walls on the limestone, N.D.M. Ashford, with 
fruit, Nielli and Ashton in N.D.M. Buxton, with setae, 'Wilson (1831); ib. Lei/ 
(1869). Matlock Bath, Armitage. Dovedale, Purchas. Bradwell ; Cressbrook ; 
Cales, Back, and Horseshoe Dales, Barker. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Naft. Shallcross Plane, Bonsall Plane, Fernilee, 
Barker. 

G2. Walls at Baslow. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Marklaud Grips ; Belph Moor ; Scarcliffe Park ; 
Pleasley Park. 

Var. ayif/HntifoUum (Juratz), BraithuaHe, 1887. 

L. The Winnatts, Sogers (1881) in Braitlnu. 
Var. fnKj'ilifolliim Dixon. 

L. Great Rocks Dale, Buxton. 

PLEUROCH^TE L<ndb. 

P. squarrosa Loulh. Barhnla Brid. 

Limestone slopes, among rocks. Rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1880. 

L. Lathkil Dale, Whitehead (1882) in Braithw. 

P. Cresswell Crags {named by C. H. Binstead). 

CINCLIDOTUS P. BcoHc. 

C. fontinaloides -P- Befiur. Hi/p)u<m Lam. 

stones in mountain streams. Frequent. 

First record, Buxton's B.G., 1849. 

L. On stones in R. Wye at Chee Dale and Miller's Dale ; on stones in R. 
Dove in Dovedale, N.D.M. Matlock Bath, Gem of the Peak. Monsal Dale, 
Armitage. Lathkil Dale; Cressbrook; Monk's Dale, Barker. Deep Dale. 

Gl. Rocks and stones in R. Goyt, near Marj)le Aqueduct, Buxton. 

G2. By R. Derwent, between Matlock and Darley., 



X. ENCALYPTACE/E 

ENCALYPTA Schnb. 

E, vulgaris Hedu-. Leersia exstinctorla Leyss. 

Rocks and banks, especially on limestone. Frequent. 

First records, Bloxam MS., 1833; Garner, 1844. 

L. Hartington ; Dovedale, N.D.M. Thorpe Cloud, Garner. Miller's Dale, 
Leij. Near Parwich, Barker. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Lathkil Dale ; Duke's 
Drive, Buxton. 

G2. Walls, Grindleford, towards Eyam. 



378 ENCALYPTACE-E. ORTHOTRICHACE.E. 

P. Cresswell Crags; Belph Moor; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries. 

T3. Caike Abbey, Bloxam. Repton, Painter, Natt. 

Var. pUifera (Funck). Wilson, Brij. Brit., 1855. 

L. Youlgreave ; Buxton, Wilson. Bradwell ; near Taddington, Barker, 

Var. ohtimfolia (Fvmck). Wihon, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

L. Youlgreave, Wilson. Dovedale, Pai)iter, NatK Ash wood Dale, and 
Duke's Drive, and near Harper Hill ; Great Rocks Dale ; Monk's Dale, Barker. 

E. streptocarpa Hcdir. Lecrsin contorta Lindb. Eucahjpta Hoppe. 

Walls, rocks, banks, mostly on limestone. Frequent. 

First record, Hook. Brit. FL, 1833. 

L. Rather abundant on the limestone, N.D.M. Lathkil Dale, fruiting in 
1882, Bowman in Nat^. (1887). Matlock, Wilson in Braithiv. Cromford, Hh. 
Mason. Dovedale, N.H. Tutb. Castleton, Carr. Lover's Leap; Cressbrook ; 
near Monyash ; Horseshoe and Back Dales, Barker. Buxton ; Hartle Dale, 
Bradwell. 

Gl. Common on wall tops where the top course is set with lime mortar, 
e.g.. Little Hayfield, Fernilee, Barker. Mellor ; Kinderscout, NatK Walls at Bank 
Hall, Chapel. 

P. Cresswell Crags; ScarclifEe Park; by roadside near Stony Houghton; 
Belph Moor. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries. 



XI. ORTHOTRICHACE/E. 

ZYGODON Hook. 4- T<nji. 

Z. Mougeotii B. 4- S. AmpJioridimji Schimp. ^hiirrt(Hif/i>(in Lindb. 

Damp rocks. Rather rare. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 
L. Ashwood Dale, N.D.M. 

Gl. Near Woodhead ; Stenior Clongh ; Kinderscout, N.D.M. Edale Head, 
Lf!/ (1881). Grinds Brook, Edale, Barker. 

Z. viridissimUS Brown. Brtjuin Dicks. 

On trees or rocks. Frequent. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. On trees in Monsal Dale, Holt in N.D..V. Matlock. N.D.M. Abundant 
on limestone near Buxton, Lei/. Chee Dale; Monk's Dale; Dovedale, Barker. 
Via Gellia. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Tree, roadside north end of Combes 
Reservoir. 



ORTHOTRICHACE^. 379 

G2. Bechagg Wood, Froggatt. 
Var. riqyeitris Lindb. The Xatitralist, 1881. 

L. Limestone rocks at Castleton ; Miller's Dale, Holt, Natt. Grin Wood, 
Buxtou, Barker. 

Z. Stirtoni Schimp. 

Rocks, walls. Eare. 
First record, Braithwatte, 1889. 

L. Buxton, Hunt (1867) in Braitliw. Chee Tor ; Monk's Dale, Holt in 
Braithw. Near Lover's Leap, Barker. 

ULOTA JMn: 

U. Dmmmondii Jirid. Orthotrlcltum Hook. Weifisla Lindb. 

Young trees on mountains. Very rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

Gl. On trees near Whaley Bridge, Scholefield in N.D.M. 

XJ. Bruchii HomscJi. jreissla Lindb. 

Trees or rocks. Rare. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. On trees, Monsal Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Dovedale ; Castleton, Barker 
in N.D.M. Via Gellia. 

U. crispa £rid. Orthotrlc/mtn Hedw. Jf'eis.siK Ehrh. 

On trees in damp shady places. Rare. 
First record, Bloxavi MS., 1833. 
L. Dovedale, Garner. 
T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

ORTHOTRICHUM Hedw. 

O. anomalum Hedic, var. saxatile MUdc. Var. cijlindriciini Schirap. 

Limestone rocks and walls. Frequent. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Frequent in the Buxton district, Braitliw. Castleton, Holt in Braithw. 
Dovedale, Purchas. Monk's Dale ; Cressbrook ; near Monyash ; Taddington 
Dale ; Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Via Gellia, Armitage. Ashford ; Harborough 
Rock ; walls, Kniveton. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Holt in Braithw. Near Bonsall Plane, Fernilee, 
Barker. Wall of road, Edale. 

G2. Near the Station, Cromford ; walls, Grindleford. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Pleasley Park ; Upper Langwith. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries; near the waterwheel, Shirley Park. 

T3. Repton, Bept. F. d F. Calke, Bloxam. Swarkeston Bridge. 



380 ORTHOfRICHACE^. 

O. cupulatum iiofm. 

Walls, rocks, especially on limestone. Frequent. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Dovedale, Ley. Chee Dale ; Ashford ; Taddington Dale ; Monk's Dale ; 
Bradwell ; near Hiudlow, Barker. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Between the Winnatts 
and Perryfoot. 

Gl. Chapel, Barker. 

P. Pleasley Park; Scarcliffe Park; Cresswell Crags; Markland Grips. 

Var. iiK/iiim Braithw. Braithwaite, 1889. 

L. Miller's Dale; Monsal Dale, Holt (1884) in Braithw. Chee Dale, 
N.D.M. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Dovedale, Bindley. Deep Dale; between 
Brongh and Bradwell ; Harborough Rock ; by Scow Brook, near Hognaston. 

Gl. On limestone at Combes Reservoir, and above it by the railway. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries. 

O. leiocarpum B. ^- S. 0. striatum Hedw. 

On trees. Rare. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Between Ashboui-ne and Thorpe, Garner. 

Tl. Kirk Langley, Bindley. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

O. Lyellii Hook. .^- Tayl. 

On trees. Rare. 

First records, Eng. Bot. SiipjjU., 1843 ; Garner, 1844. 

L. On a tree, Ashwood Dale, N.D.M. Thorpe, Garner. Between Alport 
and Bakewell, roadside near Haddon Hall, Barker. 
G2. Stanton Park, Oct., 1833, Sitpjdt., E.B. 

O, affine Schrad. 

On trees, wood, and walls. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS.. 1833. 

L. On trees, Topley Pike, N.D.M. Very scarce near Buxton, on hawthorn 
stems, Ashwood Dale, Ley. Burbage ; near Parwich, Barker. Dovedale, 
Bindley. On trees by the roadside near Fenny Bentley ; Via Gellia ; Scow 
Brook, near Hognaston. 

Gl. On walls, Chapel-en-le-Frith ; near Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. North 
end of Combes Reservoir, Barker. Near Clough Farm, Edale. 

G2. Froggatt. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Dalbury, Bindley. On trees by the brook in Shirley 
Park ; by the brook east of Alkmonton ; by Bradley Brook ; Edlaston Coppy, 
on elders. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 



ORTHOTRICHACE.E. SCHISTOSTEGACE.'E. 381 

Var. rh-a/e Wils. Braithwaitc, 1889. 

L. By R. Wye, Chee Dale, Whitehead (1878) in Braithw. Miller's Dale. 
Holt in Braithw. Monsal Dale, N.D.M. Mouk's Dale, Barlcer. 

Tl. Brailsford Brook, below Cullaud. 

O. rivulare Turn. 

On rocks and roots of trees by streams. Rare. 

First record, Braithivaite, 1889. 

L. R. Wye, Chee Dale, Whitehead (1878) in Braithw. 

O. Sprucei 3/b»^ 

On trees by streams. Rare. 

First record, London Joiirn. Bot., No. 40, 1845. 

L. On trees by the Derwent, Matlock, Spruce in Loud. J.B. 

O. stramineum Homsch. 

On trees in sub-aliDine districts. Rare. 
First record, Braithivaite, 1889. 

L. Matlock Bridge, Spruce (1884) in Braithw. Monsal Dale, Holt in 
Braithw. 

O. tenellum Bmcft. 

On trees. Rare. 

First record, London Journ. Bot., No. 40, 1845. 

L. Matlock Bridge, Spruce in Lond. J.B. 

O. diaphanum Schrad. 

On trees, posts. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Miller's Dale ; Matlock Bath, N.D.M. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Dowel 
Dale, near Hiudlow ; between Saudybrook and Thorpe; near Kniveton ; between 
Duke's Drive and Hai'per Hill. 

Gl. Fernilee, N.D.M. Chapel; near Combes, and north end of Reservoir. 

P. Between Belph Moor and Cresswell Crags ; Upper Langwith ; Scarcliffe 
Park; Pleasley Park; Markland Grips; on a roof at Whitwell. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Findern, Painter, NatK 

T3. Calke, Bloxam, 



XII. SCHISTOSTEGACE/E. 

SCHISTOSTBGA Mohr. 

S. OSmundacea Mohr. Mniuw Dicks. 

Damp crevices of sand rocks. Rather rare. 

First record. Hook. Br. Fl., 1833. 

Gl. Charlesworth ; New Mills, Natt {Wldtehead). Stirrup Wood, Buxton. 

G2. Entrance of subterranean gallery in Rowtor Rocks, Birchover, Bowman 
in Br. Fl. Between Rowsley and Stanton, Ley. Cratcliffe Tor, near Yoixlgreave, 
Pullinger in N.D.M. Robin Hood's Stride. 

T3. Stone quarry, Repton Rocks, Hb. Mason. 



382 SPLACHNACE.E. FUNARIACE.E. 

XIII. SPLACHNACE/E. 

SPLACHNUM L. 

S, Sph.aericU.Ill I^-fl- S. prdioiculatum K\i.A.\. KphacruHiii 'Bra,\th.v>\ 

On dung on sub-alpine moorland. Rare. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

Gl. On dung upon the heath on the summit of Axe Edge, Garner. 
Kinderscout, Natt. Abundantly on the west side of Axe Edge, near Reeve-edge 
Quarry; William Clough ; under Cuckoo Tors, near Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton. 



XIV. FUNARIACE/E. 

DISCELIUM Brui. 

D. nudum Brld. Bryinu Dicks. 

Clay banks. Rare. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

Gl. Clay banks, Charlesworth, N.D.M. Combes Reservoir, Chapel; north 
slopes of Combes Moss ; R. Goyt, near the source. Barker. 

EPHEMBRUM ll"mpr. 

B. Serratum Hampc. Bhascum Schreb. 

Bare soil, fallows. Not uncommon. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Near Stirrup Wood, Natt. Hedgebank, Charlesworth, N.D.M. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Shirley ; fields by Bradley Brook, near 
the Hollies Farm ; Hollington, Longford ; between Mercaston and Cross o' th' 
hands. 

PHYSCOMITRBLLA B. ^- A'. 

P. patens B. ct '^'- PhmcKHi Hedw. 

On clay margins of pools, fields. Rare. 
First record. The Naturalist, 1889. 

Gl. Combes Reservoir, near the north end. Chapel, Barker in Natt. 
G2. By brook between Youlgreave and Cratcliffe Woods, Barker. 
Var. Lncasiana Schimp. Bralthwa'de 1890. 

Gl. Very abundant on the clay. Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker (1887). 

PHYSCOMITRIUM Brkl. 

P. sphaericum Brid. Gymriostomum Ludw. 

Dry mud of pools. Very rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

Gl. Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker in N.D.M, 



FUNARIACE.?^. MEESIACE.li. 883 

P. pyriforme Brid. Bryuin L. G[i))inostoiiiHiH Hedw. ^ 

Bare soil, banks, mud heaps. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Mud of a pond at Buxton, Ley. Near Thorpe Cloud Station, Barker. 
Near Monyash ; Great Kocks Dale ; by stream north of Diamond Hill, Buxton. 

Gl. Near Stirrup Wood, NatK Charlesworth ; Chapel-en-Ie-Frith, N.D.M. 
Combes Reservoir; Ritchie's field, Overlea, Barker. 

'P. Clowne ; between Belph Moor and Cresswell Crags ; Pleasley Park ; 
by Whitwell Wood. 

Tl. Foston Mill, Hb. Mason. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Between Mer- 
caston and Cross o' th' hands ; Quarndon Common ; by a pool west of 
Radbourn; between Longford Park and Church Broughton; Cupiss Lane, near 
Brailsford ; fallows, Yeldersley ; Shirley ; Thurvaston, by Marston Montgomery. 

T2. Canalside near Spondon. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Winshill, Rb. Mason. Newhall, N.H. Tutb. Spurs 
Bottom, Repton, Painter, Nat^. 

PUNARIA Srhrb. 

F. calcarea IJ'ahl. F. Mnhlcnhi ryii Turn. 

Limestone rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855. [F. hibernica). 

L. Matlock ; Miller's Dale, Wilson in Braithw. Castleton ; Wormhill ; 
Taddington Dale, N.D.M. Cromford, Hb. Mason Deep Dale ; Monk's Dale ; 
Dovedale, and Mill Dale, Ley (1870). Cales;Dale ; Great Rocks Dale; Duke's 
Drive, Barker. Monsal Dale ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Monyash. 

F. hygrrometrica Sihtl(. Mnium L. 

Common on banks, walls, waste ground, especially when charred by fire. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Var. calvesccns B. & S. 

Gl. Above Combes Reservoir, near the railway. Barker. 



XV. MEESIACE/t. 

AMBLYODON l'. Beam: 

A. dealbatUS B. Beauv. Br yum Dicks. 

Wet places on mountains. Vei-y rare. 
First record. The Flora. 
L. Dovedale, Barker (1901). 



384 MEESIACE^. BAKTRAMIACE.E. 

AUL.ACOMNIUM ^chwaecir. 

A. palustre Schwa -(jr. GijiiDtoci/hc Fr. MnUiin L. 

Bogs, swamps. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Nat^. Combes Moss, N.D.M. 
Marsh south of Ladder Hill, Chapel ; between Buxton and Errwood, Barker. 
"Whatford Wood, Buxton, Ley. Under Cuckoo Tors, near Hogshaw Reserv.oir. 

G2. Burbage Brook ; Hall Dale, Rowsley ; Darley Dale ; Dethick Common. 

Tl. Quarndon Wood, Hb. Mason. By Black Brook, Mugginton ; HuUand 
Moss. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton Rocks, Hh. Mason. 
Var. hi.r'ifoUum Kdb. 

Gl. Grinds Brook, Edale, a form near this. Barker. 

A. androgynum Schwaegr, Orthupyxis P. Beauv. 3[n'u(iu L. 

Banks, rotten wood. Frequent, except in the north of the county. 

First record, N.H. Tuth., 1863. 

L. Meadow Place Wood, Youlgreave, Ley (1877). Via Gellia, Armitage. 
Parkhouse Hill, Barker. 

Gl. North end of Combes Reservoir, Barker. 

G2. Quarry between Little Eaton and Duffield. 

C. By pond. Dale Moor; roadside, Stanley. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Etwall ; Hilton, Bindley. Shirley; road- 
side east of Mercaston ; between Radbourn and Etwall ; Dalbury Lees ; Cross 
o' th' hands, HuUand Ward. 

T3. Stapenhill; Willington, Hh. Mason. Brizlincote, N.H. Tutb. North 
side of Robin Wood, near Stanton ; Melbourne ; roadside east of Bretby Park. 



XVII. BARTRAMIACE/E. 

BARTRAMIA H'-dw. 

B. Oederi '^'"^ Bryum Gunn. liartraiuia (jrticUis Floerke. 

Limestone rocks. Frequent. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1887. 

L. Near Buxton, Wilson (1831) in NatK Limestone rocks, Castleton, 
N.D.M. Lover's Leap; Dovedale, Ley. Conies Dale; Cales Dale; Via Gellia, 
Barker. Hartle Dale, Bradwell; Lathkil Dale, near Monyash ; Great Rooks 
Dale. 

B, pomiformis Sedtc Bryum L. 

Sandy banks, among rocks. Frequent. 
First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 



BARTRAMIACEiE. 385 

Gl. Stirrup Wood ; Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscoiit, Natt. Goyt's 
Bridge, Ley. Elnor Lane, near Horwich End, Fernilee, Barker. 

C. Bank of road. Dale Moor. 

Tl. Etwall, Bindley. Shirley, lane near the Vicarage; Edlaston ; abun- 
dant in Bradlej' Wood ; between Mercaston and Cross o' th' hands ; on tree 
stem by brook below Hulland Hall ; roadside near Quarndon Common ; Slack 
Lane, Brailsford ; roadside, Ashbourne Hill ; Hilton Common. 

T3. Bank between Stapeuhill and Drakelow, Hh. Mason. Egginton 
Repton, Fainter, NatK Anchor Church, Bindley. 

PHILONOTIS Brid. 

P. fontana Brid. Mxium L. 

Bogs, swamps, mountain rivulets. Frequent. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Dovedale, N.H. Tutb. 

Gl. Kinderscout, A"«^'. Charlesworth Coombs ; Fernilee; C Astleton, N.D.M. 
Edale Head, Ley. Goyt's Clough ; Hogshaw Brook, Buxton ; Holliuworth 
Clough ; Combes ; Chapel, Barker. OUerbrook and Grinds Brook, Edale. 

G2. Near Higgar Tor, Hathersage ; Bar Brook, Baslow. 

Tl. Cupiss Lane, Brailsford; bog below Bradley Wood; Shirley Park; 
Hulland Moss. 

T3. Reptou Rocks, Hh. Mason. 

P. adpressa Fcrg. 

Mountain rills and wet places. Rare. 

First record. The Flora. 

Gl. Near Whitehall, between Bu.xton and Whaley, Barker. 

P. calcarea Schimp. Bartramla B. Sc S. 

Bogs, especially in limestone. Rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Chee Dale, male plants, X.D.M. Monk's Dale, Ley (1881). In rivulet 
running into Great Rocks Dale. 

Gl. Kinderscout, male plants, Nat^. Moor near " Surprise View," Hather- 
sage, Carr. Grinds Brook, Edale, Barker. 

BREUTELIA Schiwp. 

B. arcuata SvhUnp. MnUuu Dicks. B, chrysoconia Lindb. 

Damp mountain rocks. Rare. 
First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Chee Dale, N.D.M. Ravensdale, Ley (1881). Dovedale, Purchas. 
Deep Dale and Horseshoe Dale, near Buxton. 
Gl. Kinderscout, Natt. (Whitehead). 
BB 



386 BRYACE.E. 

XVIII. BRYACE/E. 

LEPTOBRYUM mis^. 
L. pyriforme ll'H'^. JLihon L. 

Damp limestone or sandstone rocks, old quarries. Rather rare. 
First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Shady limestone rocks, Castleton, N.D.M. Dove Holes, Dovedale, 
Barker. 

G2. In old quarry between Little Eaton and Brackley Gate. 

Tl. Stonework, Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Bog below Bradley Wood. 

T3. Newton Lane, Hb. Mason. 

WEBERA Hedu: 
[W. polymorpha Schimp. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Xat*. 
This was an error.] 

"W^. cruda Seltivacgr. Pohlia Lindb. Bryuin, L, 

Mountain rocks. Rather rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Castleton, N.D.M. Ravensdale ; Green- 
sides, near Hollins Clough, with fruit. Ley (1881). Great Rocks Dale ; Duke's 
Drive ; Cales Dale ; Back Dale ; Dovedale, Barker. Kirkdale, Ashford ; Hartle 
Dale, Bradwell ; north side of Harper Hill. 

"W- nutans Hcdir. Pohlia Lindb. Pri/i<in Schreb. 

Moors, rocks, woods. Common. 

First record, Encj. Bat., 1804. 

Gl. Axe Edge, Garner. Ernocroft, Natt. Fernilee, Barker, Ollerbrook, 
Edale ; Grinah Stones, Bleaklow Hill ; Stanage Edge ; "William Clough ; Hull 
End, and Cowburn, Chapel. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Armitage. About rocks on Cromford Moor, E.B.. 
Bar Brook, Baslow ; Hall Dale, Rowsley ; Harland Edge, Beeley ; Dethick 
Common. 

C. Calow, near Chesterfield. 

P. Scarclifife Park. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Etwall, Bindley, Shirley ; Wyaston ; by Cubley Brook ;. 
Bradley Wood ; Dalbury Lees ; Quarndon Common ; Hulland Moss. 

T3. Moist railway bank, Gresley ; Repton Rocks, Hb. Mason. 

Var. longiseta B. & S 

Gl. Marsh south of Ladder Hill, Chapel, Barker, Quarries at Hogshaw. 
Reservoir, Buxton. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley. 



BRYACE.E. 387 

Var. hlcolor Scitimp. 
Tl. Shirley Park. 

Var. cae.ipifosa B, & S. 

Gl. Combes ; Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barker. 

[W. cucullata BnwJi. 

N.D.M. (Whitehead), 1894, was an error, the plant being a form of 
W. nutans in the opinion of Messrs. Barker and Dixon. See Naturalist, 190'2i 
131.] 

"W. annotina Sckivacgr. PvliHa Lindb. Jfiiiiiiii L. 

Sandy places, lanesides, paths in woods, among rocks. Frequent. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Quarry north side of Harper Hill. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Charlesworth Coombs, Nat^. On old roads. Chapel ; 
Hollinworth Clough, Barker. Brook above Wash, Chapel; and south side of 
Combes Reservoir ; Edale ; R. Westend. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

Tl. Shirley Park; quarry between Mugginton and Cross o' th' hands; 
laneside between Old Yeldersley and Hollies Farm ; between Brailsford and 
Brailsford Park. 

T2. Canal-side near Spondon. 

T3. Ticknall, Painter, Natt. 

Var. proliyem Correns. Var. tinuifoViu Schimp. 

Gl. William Clough ; Fernilee ; CowbiTrn ; Chapel, beyond Wash, and in 
many other places. Barker. 

Var. ercctn Correns. W. Ruthli Limpr. 

Gl. William Clough; ChaiJel ; Fernilee, Barker. 
Tl. By Hulland Moss. 

Var. annotina Hedw. emend. 

Gl. Damp ditchsides, Lanehead Farm, Fernilee ; brook above Combes 
Reservoir, Barker. 

Var. hnlhifera Correns. 

Gl. Wet ditch, old road, south end of wood above Lanehead Farm, 
Fernilee ; roadside, Cadster, Chapel, Barker. 
Tl. By Hulland Moss. 

Var. anijmtifolla Schimp. Probably a form of v. proUfjcra, 
Gl. Castleton, West in N.D.M. 



888 BRYACE^. 

"W^. Carnea Schimp. Tuh}\ii Lindb. Brt/Km L. 

Clay banks, often by streams. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Cales Dale; Thorpe Cloud Station, w. fr ; Chee Dale, Barker. 

Gl. Clay banks at Charlesworth, N.D.M. Stirrup "Wood, NatK Fernilee, 
Chapel ; wet i^lace above Combes Eeservoir, Barker. 

C. Near Calow Green, Chesterfield. 

Tl. Damp railway bank, Mickleover, Painter, NatK By Osmaston Ponds ; 
by brook east of Alkmonton ; Brailsford Brook ; Marston Brook ; Bradley Brook ; 
Hullaud Moss. 

T8. Calke, Bloxam. Pistern Hill, PnrcJias. Railwaj- near Drakelow, Hh. 
Mason. 

W. albicans Schimp. PohUa Lindb. Ilri/iiiii Wahl. 

Clay banks by steams. Frequent. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Dale End, above Dovedale, -vvith fruit, Ley (1879). Cressbrook ; Deep 
Dale ; Taddington, Barker. Lathkil Dale ; Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford ; 
Conies Dale ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Charlesworth, Natt. Banks at Castleton ; Stenior Clough ; Stirrup 
Wood ; Kinderscout, N.D.M. Hollinworth Clough ; Fernilee ; near Hogshaw 
Eeservoir ; Combes ; railway near Cadster, and beyond Wash, Chapel, Barker. 
Ollerbrook, and Crowden Brook, Edale ; Ashop Clough, with fruit. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley Park and Brook, with fruit ; near 
Brailsford Brook ; Quarndon Common ; Bradley Brook ; Thurvaston, near 
Marston Montgomery ; copse east of Alkmonton. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Hb. Mason. 

PLAGIOBRYUM Li'M. 

P. Zierii L'mdb. Bryum Dicks. Zierii jidacra Schimp. 

Damp clefts of rocks, especially limestone. Rather rare. 

First record, Mancli. Crypt. Soc., 1879. 

L. Cressbrook, Manch. Crypt. Soc. {Holt). Cave Dale, Castleton, West in 
N.D.M. Cales Dale ; Duke's Drive, and Ashwood Dale, Barker. Monsal Dale ; 
Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

BRYUM r)in. 

B. filiforme Bick.i. B. julacvuin Sm. 

Rocks in mountain streams. Rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Edale, Holt in N.D.M. Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. 

B. pendulum Mtlntp. Ptyclioxtoinum Hornsch. B. crrtnimn B. & S. 

Walls, dry slopes. Not uncommon. 
First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 



BRYACE.E. 389 

L. Bradwell ; near Cressbrook Mill ; Cales Dale ; Horseshoe Dale ; Ash- 
ford ; Dovedale ; Ashwood Dsi.\e, Barker. Walls, Castleton, Dixon in M.E.C. 
Bep. for 1900. Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. Wall near Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Mellor, NaiK Goyt's Clough; 
Barren Clough, Bugsworth; Fernilee, Barker. 

T3. Eepton Rocks; Foremark, N.H. Tuth. 

B. inclinatum Blund. Pohlia Sw, 

Walls, dry places. Frequent. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Wall in Miller's Dale, N.D.M. Bradwell ; Cales Dale ; Lathkil Dale ; 
Ashwood Dale; Great Rocks Dale; Horseshoe Dale; Monk's Da].e, Barker. 
Dovedale, Bindley. Rocks above Cressbrook Mill. 

Gl. Mellor, Natt. Shallcross Plane, and near brook above Shallcross 
Farm, and old railway, Fernilee ; Barren Clough, Bugsworth, Barker. On 
railway bridge, going towards Wash, Chapel. 

G2. Cromford. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 

Td. Wall at Melbourne. 

B. uliginOSUm B. >^- S. CJadodUim Brid. Bidymodon cernitiis Sw. Brijian 
Lindb. 

Bogs, or wet sand. Rare. 

First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Near Buxton, Barker (1898). 

B. pallens Sw. 

Wet places, streamsides. Frequent. 

First record, Purchas, 1862. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Matlock, N.D.M. Via Gellia, 
Ley {1887}. Dovedeile, Purchas. Castleton, C'n;T. Cales Dale; Horseshoe Dale, 
Barker. Near Chrome Hill ; on the south-east side of Youlgreave ; Kniveton Brook. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Edale ; Combes ; Fernilee, Barker. Fair- 
brook, Woodlands ; William Clough ; Hogshaw Quarry, near Buxton. 

G2. Cromford Moor, Armitage. Burbage Brook; Grindleford. 

P. Steetley Quarry ; Belph Moor. 

Tl. By Bradley Brook; Shirley Park; Black Brook, Mugginton ; Hulland 
Moss. 

T3. Willington, Painter, Natt. 

B. bimum Scfurb. 

Bogs, marshes. Rare. 

First record, Painter, Natt., 1901. 

Gl. Shallcross Plane, Horwich End, Fernilee, Barker. 

P. Damp Quarry near Springfield Farm, Whitwell. 



390 BRYACE^. 

Tl. Boggy place, Fiudern, Fainter, NatK Boggy ground below Bradley 
Park Farm, near Bradley Brook ; by Brailstord Brook, below Edlaston ; HuUand 
Moss ; between Shirley Park and Mill. 

B. pseudotriquetrum Schu-acgr. Mninni Hedw. B. vciitncosuin Dicks. 

Bogs, streamsides, mostly on mountains. Frequent. 

First record, Buxton's B.G., 1849. 

L. Monk's Dale, Ley (1831). Dovedale, Purchas. Castleton, Carr. 
Miller's Dale, Barker. 

Gl. Near Woodhead, male plant ; Charlesworth, N.D.M. Stirrup Wood, 
Buxton. Kinderscout, Nat''. Hollinworth Clough ; Fernilee; Chapel, Barker. 
William Clough; Roych Clough; Grinds Brook, Edale; between Axe Edge and 
Buxton. 

G2. Moor near " Surprise View," Hathersage, Carr. Padley Wood, 
Grindleford. 

B. palleacens Schkich. 

Rocks, walls, boggy places. Rather rare. 
First record, Braithwaite, 1892. 

L. Monsal Dale, Holt (1879) in Braithw. Bradwell, Snelgrove. Buxton, 
Bindley. Youlgreave, by the pathway towards Cratcliffe Wood. 
P. In a small quarry at Clowne. 
Tl. Bog below Bradley Wood. 

B. aflBne LimUi. U'chera Bruch. 

Damp rocks and walls. Rare. 

First record, Braithwaite, 1892. 

L. or Gl. Buxton, Hunt (1871) in Braithw. 

Gl. Combes Moss; on the railway bridge at Cadster, and in a quarry 
near. Barker. 

"This species is more like B. intenncdium than B. pallescens, the leaf 
border being stronger than that of the former, and the capsule different," 
Barker. 

B. intermedium Brid. 

Damji places, by walls. Rare. 
First record, N.H. Tuth., 1863. 
L. Walls, Miller's Dale, N.D.M. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Nat'. Shallcross Plane, Horwich End, Fernilee 
quarry at Lightwood Reservoirs, Barker. 

T3. Stapenhill ; Repton Rocks, N.H. Tuth. Newton Soluey, Painter, Natt. 

B. caespiticium /- 

Walls, rocks, dry slopes. Common. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 



BRYACE.^. 391 

L. Walls near Tideswell and Bakewell, N.D.M. Bradwell ; near Mouyash ; 
Stony Middleton ; Dovedale, Barker. Brassington Eocks, and walls near ; 
Kniveton. 

Gl. Lady Bower, Ashopton ; Goyt's Clough ; Barren Clough, Bugsworth 
beyond Wash, Chapel; Fernilee, Barker. Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

P. Upper Langwith; Steetley Quarrj\ 

Tl. Mickleover ; Derby, Painter, Natt. By Bradley Brook. 

T3. Calke, Bloxani. Ticknall, Purchas. Ingleby, Painter, NatK 

Var. imliricatum B. k S. 

L. Doveholes; Buxton, Barker. 

Gl. Near Biixton ; Whaley Bridge, Barker. 

P. On a roof at Whitwell. 

B. capillare l- 

Walls, rocks, woods. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Matlock Bath, Armitage. Castleton, Carr. 
Near Cressbrook ; Monyash ; Horseshoe Dale ; near Taddington ; Dovedale, 
Barker. Haddon, Bindley. Brough, Bradwell ; Chee Tor ; R. Dove, by 
Chrome Hill. 

Gl. Charlesworth ; Mellor, NatK Fernilee ; Chapel, Barker. Frequent on 
walls, N.D.M. 

G2. Duffield, Painter, Nat^. Whatstandwell. 

P. Markland Grips ; Cresswell Crags ; Clowne ; Belph Moor ; Scarclifie 
Park. 

Tl. Mickleover; Quarndon, Painter, Nat*'. Burnaston ; Etwall ; Mark- 
eaton, Bindlei/. Blackwall ; Lower Thurvaston, Longford ; Shirley Park ; 
Snelston lime quai-ries ; Cubley Brook ; Wyaston ; Radbourn. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Knowl Hills ; Repton, Painter, Naft. Anchor 
Church, Bindley. 

Var. macrocarpiiin Hueben. 

L. Wall at Castleton, N.D.M. Dovedale. 

P. Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Snelston lime quarries. 

Var. FcrcheJU B, & S. 

L. Neighbourhood of Buxton, new to England, Barker in N.D.M. 

B. erythrocarpum Svhu-aegr. B. .laiiffiiineHiii Brid. 

Dry ground, banks, among rocks. Rare. 
First record, The Flora, 

Tl. Bradwell ; Horseshoe Dale ; near Taddington, Barker. Brassington 
Rocks ? 

Gl. Barren Clough, Bugsworth ; roadside near Cadster, Chapel, Barker. 



392 BKYACE^. 

B. bicolor T)h-kn. B. ntropiirpntTiiin W. & M. 

Banks, roadsides. Not uncommon. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Ashwood Dale, N.D.M. Dovedale ; Horseshoe Dale ; Ashford ; near 
Taddington, Barker. Between Hopton and Wirksworth ; between Fenny 
Bentley and Ashbourne. 

Gl. Srigley's Quarry, with fruit ; quarry at old toJl-bar ; old road, 
Lanehead Farm to Wythen Lache ; roadsides in Fernilee and Chapel, in many 
places ; Lightwood Koad, Buxton, Barker. 

G2. Darley Moor, Matlock. 

P. Clowne ; Steetley Quarry. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 

T3. Willington, Painter, Natt. 

Var. (/nicilcnfidii Tayl. 

Gl. Near Castleton, West in N.D.M. 

B. murale t;/.*. 

Wall tops. Rare. 
First record, Leij MS., 1898. 

L. Wall top at Cressbrook Mills [teste H. BosiieU), Lei/ (1877). 
Gl. Along the railway between Horwich End and Combes, in several 
places ; Overlea, Fernilee, Barker. 

B. argenteum L. 

Waste ground, roadsides, paths, wall tops. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Generally distributed and abundant in every situation. 

Var. lanatmii B. & 8. 

G2. On tree trunk by R. Derwent between Matlock and Darley ; wall top, 
Hathersage road, Grindleford. 

B. rOSeum Srhrr/i. Mulum Weiss, li. proVifmon Sibth. 

Sandy banks, limestone dales. Rather rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Cressbrook, Holt in N.D.M. Chee Dale; Castleton, N.D.M. Above 
Lover's Leap, Barker. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, N.D.M. 

Tl. Ashbourne, Hb. Mason. 

T3. Knowl Hills, Hh. Mason. 

MNIUM L. 

M. aflfine Jllnn'l. M. cKsptdatnm Neck. ^[. xcrpynifolhuit j3 vKxpidutxiti L. 
Woods, dales. Frequent. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 



BRYACE.E. 893 

L. Monsal Dale ; Matlock, N.D.M. Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 
Gl. Corbar Hill, Buxton. 

Tl. By Wyaston Brook ; Shirley Park ; by Brailsford Brook, below 
Ednaston. 

Var. clattiiH B. & S. M. ScUgcri Jur. 

L. Monk's Dale; Fairfield Common, Barker. 

Gl. Above Combes Reservoir ; Hogshaw Brook ; Wildmoor, Clongh, Barker. 

G2. By path to Cratclifte Tor, Barker. 

Tl. Between Shirley Park and Mill. 

Var. nigicKin B. & S. 

L. Monsal Dale, Hult in X.D.M. 

M. CUSpidatum Hedu-. M. silratinnn Lindb. 

Woods, rocks. Fi'equent. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Chee Dale; Matlock, N.D.M. Cales Dale; Horseshoe Dale; Monk's 
Dale, Barker. Matlock Bath. 

Gl. Near Buxton; Fernilee, Barker. Edale. 

P. Pleasley Park. 

T2. By a pool near Trent station. 

T3. Anchor Church, Painter, NatK 

M. rostratum Schrad. 

Rocks, banks. Frequent. 

First record, Buxton's E.G., 1849. 

L. Lover's Leap, Ash wood Dale, X.D..\[. Matlock Bath, Arm if age. 
Castleton ; Cales Dale; Horseshoe Dale; Great Rocks Dale, Barker. Dovedale, 
Purchas. By Diamond Hill, Buxton; Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood ; Whitebottom Wood ; Charlesworth, Natt. Right bank 
of Goyt below Marple Aqueduct, not unfrequent, Buxton. Chapel ; Combes 
Reservoir ; Fernilee, Shallcross Plane, Barker. Brook below Nithen End, 
Buxton. 

C. Near Calow Green, Chesterfield. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Tl. By Bradley Brook ; Shirley Park. 

T3. Spinny between Calke and Melbourne ; Anchor Church, Purchas. 
Foremark, Painter, Nat*. 

M. undulatum J^- Bnjum Ugulatum Schreb. 

Woods, copses. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1835. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Matlock, N.D.M. Matlock Bath, 
Armitage. Cromford, Garner. Cressbrook; Duke's Drive; Cales Dale; Horse- 
shoe Dale, Barker. Buxton. 



394 BKYACE^. 

Gl. Slackhall, Chapel; Combes, Barker. 

G2. Marshy ground by Cratcliffe Wood, Birchover. 

C. Sutton Spring Wood, near Chesterfield. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Shirley Park; by Bradley Brook. 

T3. Poker's Lees, Calke, with fruit, Bloxam. Bretby, Painter, NatK 

M. hornum L. 

Woods, shady banks. Common. 

First record, Bloxam, 1833. 

L. Horseshoe Dale, Barker. 

Gl. Stirruj) and Ernocroft Woods, Nat^. Fernilee, Barker. Near Wash, 
Chai^el ; near the Snake Inn ; Grinds Brook, and by R. Noe, Edale. 

G2. Whatstandwell, Armitage. Padley Wood, Grindleford, Gibbs. 

C. Dale Abbey, Bindleij. 

Tl. Bradley Wood; Cupiss Lane, Brailsford; Edlaston Coppy. 

T2. Dale Woods; Ockbrook, Painter, NatK 

Tl. Calke, Bloxam. Drakelow, Hb. Mason. Eepton Rocks; Anchor 
Church, Purchas. Foremark, Painter, NatK 

M. serratum Schrad. J/. mHrglnritn'n P. Beauv. Brynin Dicks. 

Rocks near streams. Not uncommon. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1868. 

L. Near Buxton, Wilson (1831). Matlock, N.D.M. Dovedale, Purchas. 
Lathkil Dale ; Duke's Drive, Barker. 

Gl. Fernilee Wood, Gordon in N.D.M. Clough near old toUbar, Fernilee, 
Hb. Whitehead. Foot of bridge near old tollbar, Fernilee, Barker. 

M. stellare Hcich. 

Woods, rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, London Journ. Bot., No. 40, 1845. 

L. The Winnatts, Castleton, with fruit. Holt (1882) in NatK Odin Mine, 
with fruit. Holt (1882) in N.D.M. Ashwood Dale; Taddington Dale, N.D.M. 
Ravensdale, Let). Dovedale, Armitage. Matlock Bath, Lond. J.B. Bradwell ; 
Lover's Leap, Barker. Monk's Dale ; Cales Dale. 

Gl. Rocky woodland near Whatstandwell Station. 

C. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

M. punctatum L. M. serpyUifoUiuu Neck. 

Sandy ground, woods, among rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale, Hb. Mason. Via Gellia, Armitage. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Nat'. Chapel ; Fernilee, Barker. Ollerbrook, and by 
R. Noe, Edale ; near the Snake Inn ; wet bank under Biirbage Edge. 

G2. Padley Wood, Grindleford, Gibbs. Moor near " Surprise View," 
Hathersage, Carr. Depth o' Lumb, Belper, Painter, Natt. Near the Peacock 
Inn. 



BRYACE.E. FONTINALACE^. 3 95 

C. Dale Abbey, Bindley. 

P. Pleasley Park; Marklancl Grij^s; Cresswell Crags; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Edlastou Coppy ; Cubley Brook; by 
Wyaston Brook ; by Brailsford Brook, below Eduaston. 

T2. Dale Woods, Painter, NatK 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Gorsty Lees Wood, Purchas. Kuowi Hills, Painter, 
Natt. Eggintou, Bindley. 

Var. elatuia Schimp. 

Gl. Dimpus Clough, near Chinley. 

M. SUbgloboSUm -6. # -S. M. psfudopioicf/ifiini B. & S. 

Bogs, swamps. Not uncommon. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Carmeadow, Hayfield ; Charlesworth Coombs, Natt. Kinderscout, 
N.D.M. Holliuworth Clough; Grinds Brook, Edale;by Tunstead Farm, Chapel, 
Barker. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. Harper Lees, Hathersage. 

C. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy; bog below Bradley Wood; Hulland Moss. 



XIX. FONTINALACE/E. 

FONTINALIS Diu. 
F. antipyretica L. 

Streams, pools. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Not uncommon in the streams on the limestone, such as the Wye, 
Dove, and Lathkil rivers, N.D.M, Cressbrook, Barker. Monk's Dale; brook 
near Bradbourn Mill. 

Gl. Combes Reservoir; Goyt's Clough, Barker. R. Sett, near Hayfield; 
small stream near the main road, above the Snake Inn ; R. Westend. 

G2. Small stream in P'adley Wood, Grindleford. 

C. Great Pond, Wingerworth. . 

P. Stream by Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Ponds, Mickleover, Painter, NatK Brailsford Brook ; R. Dove, 
passim; pond between Cubley and Marston ; Shirley, near the Lodge Farm. 

T3. R. Trent, Bloxam. Willington, Bindley. 

Var. f/if/antfa Siill. 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt in N.D.M. 

Var. f/racUis Schimp. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Natt. [Whitehead); Ca,vme&dio\\, near Hayfield, 
Nat . {Holt). 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow, probably this. 



396 CRYPH^ACE.E. NECKERACE^E. 

F. squamosa L. 

Mountain streams. Not iincommon. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Dovedale, Garner. R. Dove, below Chrome Hill. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Nat^. In the Goyt, near Fernilee, with fruit, Clough 
in N.D.M. Edale Head, Ley (1881). Fairbrook, and Blackdean Brook, near 
the Snake Inn ; R. Sett, above Hayfield ; Roych Clough, Chapel ; William 
Clough ; R. Westend. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Burbage Brook ; Hay Wood, Grindleford. 

Var. Curiioivii Card. 

Gl. Taxal, Derbs, Handhk. Hr. M. [Boffers, 1878). " This seems to be a 
variety differing very little from the type ; the capsule in the type is properly 
speaking emergent (not exserted), and the apiculate perichajtial bracts are 
attributed by good authorities to the type," Barker in litt. 

F. Dixoni Card, in /Iff, 

In mountain streams. Rare. 

First record, M.E.C. Bep., 1899. 

G2. In stream, Chatsworth, M.E.C.B. (Parker, 1898). 



XX. CRYPH/EACE/E. 

CRYPH^A JMn: 

C. heteromalla Mo]ir. a. urborea Lindb. Ncckcrn Hedw. 
Tree trunks. Rare. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 
L. Ashbourne, Garner. 
T3. Calke, Bloxam. 



XXI. NECKERACE/E. 

NBCKERA ifrdH: 

N. Crispa Hcda-. Hi/pniftn Ij. 

Limestone rocks, and on tree roots. Frequent. 

First record, N.H. Tuth., 1863. 

L. Dovedale, Uh. Mason. Chee Dale, N.D.M. Buxton, Leij. Cressbrook ; 
Gales Dale ; Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Matlock Bath, Paiyiter NatK Fern Dale, 
Ashford ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest; Coombs Dale, near Calver; Hartle Dale, 
Bradwell. 

G2. Padley Wood, Grindleford, Gibbs. 

P. Belph Moor ; Markland Grips ; Scarclitfe Park. 

Var. falcata Boul. 

L. Castleton, N.D.M. Dovedale ; Cales Dale ; Deep Dale, Horseshoe and 
Back Dales ; near Lover's Leap, Barker. Great Rocks Dale. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 



NECKERACE.E. HOOKERIACE^. 397 

N. pumila Bedw. 

Tree trunks, or rocks. Very rare. 

First record, Wils. Bry. Brit., 1855. " Derbyshire," no locality given. 

N. COmplanta Hiwhot. Hypnum L. 

Tree trunks, rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Monsal Dale, with fruit. Holt in N.D.M. Cressbrook, Holt (1879) in 
Nat^. Matlock, Hb. Mason. Dovedale, N.H. Tuth. Jennings Dale, Bradwell, 
Snelgrove. Cales Dale; Horseshoe Dale; Taddington Dale; Duke's Drive, 
Barker. Dirty Eake, near Middleton Dale ; Fern Dale, Ashford ; Hassop Park ; 
near Bradbourn Mill, 

Gl. In Green Lane, and near Cadster, Chapel, Barker. Mellor, Nat^. 
Rare on the coal measures, N.D.M. 

P. Scarcliffe Park ; near Stony Houghton ; Upper Laugwith ; Cresswell 
Crags; Markland Grips. 

Tl. Mickleover; Littleover, Bindley. By Cubley Brook; Wyaston ; Lower 
Thurvaston, Longford; Thurvaston, Marston Montgomery. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

HOMALIA Brid. 
H. trichomanoides Brid. 

Tree trunks, shady rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Furchas, 1859. 

L. Matlock Bath, N.D.M. Via Gellia ; Harborough Rock ; Henmoor Brook 
below Kniveton. 

Gl. Fernilee, N.D.M. On a tree by brook near Tunstead Milton, Chapel, 
Barker. 

G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage. 

C. Alfreton Brook ; Sutton Spring Wood, Chesterfield. 

P. Markland Grips; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Peathays, Shirley ; by Brailsford Brook ; 
copses east of Alkmonton ; between Cubley Common and Biddings ; Dayfield 
Brook, Atlow. 

T2. By stream below Risley Lodge Farm, Risley Park. 

T3. Near the Mere Pond, Calke Park, Purchas. 



XXII. HOOKERIACE/E. 

PTERYGOPHYLLUM Brid. 

P. lucenS Brid. Hi/jmKin L. 

Damp ground in woods; by streams and springs, mostly on mountains. Not 
uncommon. 
First record, Purchas. 1860. 



S98 HOOKERIACE.E. LEUCODONTACE.E. 

L. Lover's Leap, Buxton, N.D.M. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, with fruit, Natt. Woods at Mellor; Fernilee ; Kinder- 
scout, N.D.M. Wildmoor Clough, near Buxton, with fruit. Lei/. Fairbrook, 
Woodlands. 

G2. Bechagg Wood, and spring under White Edge, Froggatt ; Haywood. 
Grindleford ; Eyam Moor. 

T3. Brian's Copse, Calke, Purchas. Eepton Rocks; Smisby, N.H. Tuth. 



XXIII. LEUCODONTACE/E. 

LEUCODON Schwanj,: 

L. SCiuroideS Sclnntq/r. Hiipniuii L. 

Tree trunks, rarely on rocks. Rare. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Limestone walls, Hartington, in Dovedale, N.D.M. With abortive 
setae near Matlock and Bakewell, Wilson. On a tree by the roadside near 
Haddon Hall, Barker. 

TL Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Radbourn, Bindleij ! 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

ANTITRICHIA Brki. 
A. ciirtipendula Brki. 

Rocks, trees. Very rare. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

POROTRICHUM Brid. 

P, alopecurum M'dt. Thamii'iHiii B. & y. Hifpniitn. L. 

Woods, hedgebanks, rocks by streams. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dimminsdale, near Ashford, Ley (1869). Cressbrook ; Horseshoe Dale, 
Barker. Dovedale ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Lathkil and Gales Dales. 

Gl. Wet rocks, Charlesworth, N.D.M. Mellor; Whitebottom Wood, with 
fruit, Natt. Fernilee, Barker. Hull End, Chapel ; Higher Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Small stream in Padley Wood, Grindleford. 

P. Markland Grips ; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. HoUington and Lower Thurvaston, Longford; between Bradley and 
Corley ; Cubley Brook. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

P. angUStifolium Dixon. Thaiiiniuni Holt. 

Limestone springs. Very rare. 

First record, J.B., 1886. 

L. By calcareous springs, Cressbrook ; discovered by Mr. G. A. Holt in 
1883. Seen in 1898, apparently not very plentiful. 



LESKEACE/E. 899 

XXIV. LESKEACE/E. 

LESKEA Hrdn-. 

L. polycarpa Ehrh. H^pnum CM. 

Tree trunks, or stones by water. Freqneut. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. On stones by the Wye, Chee Dale ; on tree by the Wye, Miller's Dale ; 
Cressbrook ; Monsal Dale, N.D.M. Dovedale, Painter, NatK Near Ashford ; 
between Ashbourne and Fenny Bentley ; Kniveton Brook ; Scow Brook, near 
Hognaston. 

Gl. On trees at Combes Eeservoir, and brookside below it, Barker. 

G2. By the Derwent, in Chatsworth Park, N.D.M. By small stream below 
Cratcliffe Wood, Birchover, Barker. Beeley ; between Matlock and Darley. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. By R. Dove, near Doveridge ; Markeaton 
Brook ; Cubley Brook ; small brook east of Alkmonton ; by Bradley Brook ; 
Brailsford Brook, below CuUand. 

T2. Trees and stumps by a marsh at Trentlook, near Trent Station. 

T3. Anchor Church, Painter, Nat^. 

ANOMODON Hook. ^- T(ij;i. 

A. viticuloSUS Hook, i^- Tayl. Kijpnum L. 

Eocks, walls, roots of trees, mostly on limestone. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Miller's Dale, with fruit, N.D.M. Ravensdale, with fruit, Holt in Hb. 
Whitehead. Buxton, Ley. Dovedale, with fruit, Purchas. Jennings Dale, 
Bradwell, Snelgrove. Cales Dale ; near Lover's Leap ; Great Rocks Dale, 
Barker. Below Cucklet Church, Eyam ; Via Gellia ; near Thorpe ; by Kniveton 
Brook. 

P. Markland Grips ; Scarclifife Park ; Upper Laugwith ; Cresswell Crags. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

HBTEROCLADIUM Ji. >5- S. 

H, heteropterum ^. 4- '^'- Ftcroyonhuu Br. Hi/pnum Spr. 

Rocks by streams. Not uncommon. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Via Gellia. 

Gl. Mellor; Stirrup Wood; Kinderscout, Natt. Charlesworth, N.D.M. 
Ravine south of Cadster, Chapel, Barker. By R. Sett, above Hayfield ; Higher 
Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Harper Lees, below Hathersage ; stream from Stoke Flat, Froggatt ; 
Burbage Brook, Hay Wood, and small stream, above the Station, in Padley 
Wood ; by the brook at Lea. 



400 LESKEACE.^. HYPNACE^. 

THUIDIUM B. S( s. 
T. tamariscinum B. # s. Hiipuimi Hedw. 

Woods, banks. Common. 

First record, Purchas, 1860. 

L, Chee Dale, N.D.M. Cressbrook ; Dovedale ; Horseshoe Dale, Barker 
Monk's Dale ; Deep Dale ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

Gl. Fernilee, N.D.M. Mellor; Stirrup Wood; Kiuderscout, Naft. Chapel, 
Barker. 

G2. Duffield, Painter, Natt. 

P. Scarcliffe Wood; Markland Grips. 

Tl. Miokleover ; Qn&vndon, Painter, Natt. HuUand Moss ; Shirlej- ; Yel- 
dersley. 

T3. Southwood, Calke, with fruit, Purchas. Bretby, Painter, NatK 

T. reCOgnitum Lindb. Hijpnuiii Hedw. 

Rocks, grassy places, on limestone. Rather rare. 

First record, Eng. Bot., 1790, and 1805. 

L. Romantic rocks at Matlock Bath, 1790, and again in July, 1820, with 
perfect fruit [Sir J. E. Smith), Wih. Bry. Brit. Monsal Dale, Holt in N.D.M. 
Miller's Dale; Dovedale, Painter, NatK Monk's Dale, Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1886. 
Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

P. Belph Moor, Whitwell. 



XXV. HYPNACE/E. 

CLIMACIUM '/'. ^- M. 
C. dendroides ff- '^^ ^l- Bypnmn L. 

Marshy ground. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Matlock Bath ; Cave Dale, Castleton, N.D.M. Buxton, Ley. Dovedale, 
Armitage. Bradwell, Snelgrove. Horseshoe Dale ; Chee Dale ; near Taddington ; 
Duke's Drive, Barker. Middleton Dale ; Cales Dale. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, with fruit, Manch, Crypt. Soc, 1879. Marshy meadow, 
Charlesworth, with abundance of fruit, Scholefield in N.D.M. Kiuderscout, 
N.D.M. Combes Reservoir, Chapel ; Fernilee, Barker. 

G2. Froggatt ; Burbage Brook, and by small stream in Padlej' Wood. 

Tl. Shirley Park ; by Bradley Brook ; Edlaston Cojjpy ; by Black Brook, 
Muggintou. 

T3. Bog, Cauldwell, Hb. Mason. Repton Rocks, Purchas. Stanton, near 
Burton, N.H. Tutb. 



HYPNACE^. 401 

OYLINDROTHBOIUM B. # S. 

C. COncinnum Schimp. Ilypnwn De Not, Entodon orthovnrpus Lindb, 

Grassy places on limestone. Rare. 
First record, N.H. Tuth., 1863. 
L. Dovedale, N.H. Tuth. 
T3. Ticknall, Painter, NatK 

PYLAISIA B. ^ S. 

P. polyantha B. (|- .S'. Hi/pnum Schreb. Lenkea Hedw. Stereodon Lindb, 

Tree trunks. Very rare. 

First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

L. On trees, Matlock Bath, N.D.M. 

ORTHOTHBGIUM B. 4 S. 

0. intricatum B. >$■ S. Leskm Hartm. Stereolon subrufus Lindb. 

Damp mountain rocks. Rather rare. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1879. 

L. Castleton, West in N.D.M. Miller's Dale, Manch. Crypt. Soc. {Wild). 
Chee Dale, N.D.M. Deep Dale ; Lathkil Dale, Ley. Bradwell ; Gales Dale ; 
near Lover's Leap, Barker. Chapel-en-le-Frith, Barrett in N.D.M. Conies 
Dale, Peak Forest. 

ISOTHBCIUM Brid. 

1. mjrurum Brid. Hypmua Poll. H. curvatum Sw. I. viviparum Lindb. 

Tree trunks, or rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxain MS., 1833. 

L. Lathkil Dale, N.D.M. Monsal Dale, Armitage. Bradwell, Barker. 
Dovedale. 

Gl. On trees, Fernilee, N.D.M. 

G2. Stanton, Ley. 

P. Langwith Wood; Markland Grips; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Near Old Hall, Alkmonton ; Lower Thurvaston, Longford ; between 
Kirk Langley and Kedleston Park ; Dalbury Lees ; by Cubley Brook ; by Black 
Brook, Mugginton. 

T3. Calke, Bloxnm. Burton Road, Repton, Bept. F. & F. 

PLBUROPUS Griff. 

p. SericeUS Bi.roih IIom(dothrehim B, & S. Hypmm L. 

Walls, rocks, tree trunks. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale; Cromford, Hh. Mason. Castleton, Carr, Bradwell, 
Snelgrove. Near Cressbrook ; Horseshoe Dale ; Cales Dale, Barker. By Hassop 
Park ; between Sandybrook and Thorpe. 

cc 



402 HYPNACE^. 

Gl. Near Cadsfcer, Chapel, Barker Mellor, Nat^. Rare on the coal 
measures, N.D.M, 

G2. Grindleford. 

P. Marklaud Grips; Gresswell Crag?; bstweaa Scarcliffe and Stony 
Houghton ; Pleasley Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Mugginton, Bindlei/. Brailsford Church- 
yard; Lower Thurvastoa, LDugford; Siislston lim3C[u arries. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

CAMPTOTHBCIUM B. ^ S. 
C. lutescens -R. ^- S. Hypnum Huds. 

Dry banks, rocks, quarries, especially on limestone. Rather rare and local. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Rather frequent on limestone rocks and walls ; Ashwood Dale, with 
fruit, Scholefield in N.D.M. Near Wormhill, N.D.M! Bradwell ; Horseshoe 
Dale ; Back Dale ; Gales Dale ; Ghee Dale ; near Taddington, Barker. Mat- 
lock Bridge; between Lode Mill and Al sop Station. 

G2. Grindleford towards Eyam; bank of road, north of Froggatt. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. "Wood near Repton Rocks, Painter, NaU, 

BRACHYTHBCIUM B. <?• S. 

B. glareosum B. % <S', Hi/pnum Bruch. 

Limestone slopes, quarries. Rather rare. 

First record, Purchas, 1863. 

L. On banks, Ashwood Dale; Over Haddon, N.D.M. Miller's Dale, 
Hb. Mason. Bradwell, Snelgrove. Cressbrook, Barker. Matlock Bath ; near 
Gromford Station. 

Gl. Fernilee; Chapel-en-le-Frith, N.D.M. Bonsall V\aMe,iBarker 

P. Between Scarcliffe and Houghton ; Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Snelston limequarries. 

T3. Dimminsdale, Calke ; Pistern Hill, Purchas. 

B. albicans B. ^ S. Hypnum Neck. 
Gravelly places, wall tops. Rare. 
First record, Purchas, 1859-63. 
Gl. Wildmoor Clough, Barker. 
T3. Foremark Park, near Ticknall, Purchas. 

B. salebrosum B. ^ S. Var. palustre Schimp. 
Damp clay fields. Rare. 
First record. The Flora. 
Tl. Clay fallows, Yeldersley Lane, near Shirley (t. H. N. Dixon). 

B. rutabulum B. 4- -S'. Hypnum. L. 

Bare ground, stones, walls, trees. Very common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale, Hb. Mason. Castleton, Carr. Bradwell, Sneljrove. Cress- 
brook ; Gales Dale ; Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Deep Dale ; near Thorpe ; Dowel 
Dale, near Hindlow, a water form with somewhat falcate leaves. 



HYPNACE^. 403 

Gl. Combes ; Chapel ; Fernilee, Earlier. Ollerbroot, Edale, a curious 
small form which Rev. C. H. Binstead thought " possibly a hybrid between B. 
rutahuluni and E. Swartzii"; Jarvis Clough, Ashopton. 

G2. Ireton, Painter, Natt. Froggatt ; Grindleford, a subjulaceous form on 
walls. 

C. Meersbrook, Snelgrove. Calow, near Chesterfield. 

P. iPleasley Park; Scarcliffe Park; Markland Grips; Cresswell Crags 
stone quarry in Langwith Wood, a subjulaceous form. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Gunn Hills, Mugginton ; Mackworth, Painter, Nat^ 
Etwall, Bindley. Langley Common; Snelstou limequarries ; Shirley; Edlaston 
Coppy; Eadbourn ; by Bradley Wood; Hulland Moss, a bog form. 

T2. Ockbrook, Painter, Natt. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Cauldwell; Repton Rocks, Eb. Mason. Ticknall ; 
Pistern Hill, Purchas. Repton, Painter, NatK 



B. rivulare ^- <^' S. JTi/pnum Bruch. 

Rocks, stones, and earth by streams. Frequent. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Cressbrook ; Chee Dale ; Horseshoe Dale ; Dovedale, Barker. Castle- 
ton, Carr. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Mellor ; Charlesworth Coombs, NaU. Combes Moss; 
Fernilee, in the Goyt ; Combes Reservoir, and beyond Wash, Chapel, Barker. 
Ollerbrook, and Grinds Brook. Edale ; near Rowarth ; R. Westend ; Higher 
Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Ireton, Painter, Natt. 

C. Marshy margin of pond. Dale Moor. 

P. Poulter Brook, Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Cubley Brook ; Clifton ; bog below Bradley Wood ; Cupiss Lane, 
Mercaston ; Hilton ; by R. Dove, near Doveridge ; Markeaton Brook ; Dayfield 
Brook, Atlcw ; brook below Hulland Moss. 

B. velutinum B. ^- S. Hypnum L. 

Tree roots, stones, rocks. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Miller's Dale; Ashwood Dale, N.D.M. Bradwell, Snelgrove. Great 
Rocks Dale ; Lover's Leap, Barker. 

Gl. Mellor, Natt. Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. 'Near Hogshaw Reservoir, 
Buxton ; Chapel ; Fernilee, Barker. Higher Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Near Whatstandwell Station; Padley Wood, Grindleford. 

C. Sutton Spring Wood, Chesterfield ; bank of road. Dale Moor. 

Tl. Burnaston ; Etwall; Radbourn, Bindley. Mickleover; Quarndon, 
Painter, Nat*. Near Heathy Close, Longford Park ; Wyaston ; Langley Common ; 
Shirley ; Cubley ; Mercaston ; Markeaton Brook. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Near Ticknall; Pistern Hill, Purchas. 



404 HYPNACE^. 

B. populeum B. ^- S. Hypmm Hedw. 

Eocks, walls. Frequent. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Eavensdale, Ley. Near Taddington ; Lover's Leap ; Great Rocks Dale, 
Barker. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Wensley Dale, near Matlock ; between Thorpe 
and Sandy brook ; Grin Woods, Buxton. 

Gl. Mellor ; Charlesworth, NatK Whitebottom Wood ; Fernilee, N.D.M. 
Shallcross Plane ; Combes Reservoir, Barlier. Slackhall, Chapel. 

G2. Walls, Grindleford. 

C. Breadsall Moor, Painter, Natt. 

G2. Wall between Fox House Inn and Padley. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Yeldersley ; Wyaston ; Mercaston ; brook below 
HuUand Moss. 

T3. Knowl Hills, Painter, NatK 

B. plumosum £. # S. Hypmm Sw. 

Rocks by streams. Not uncommon. 

First record, Purclias, 1862. 

L. Spring by roadside, Buxton to Topley Pike; Dunstall, Via Gellia; R. 
Wye, Chee Dale ; Kniveton. 

Gl. Mellor, with fruit ; Stirrup Wood, with fruit, NatK Near Glossop ; 
Kinder, near Hayfield, N.D.M. Bank of R. Goyt ; Wildmoor Clough ; foot of 
Bonsall Plane, Fernilee ; brook below Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker. Stream 
on Wild Moor ; brook near Wash, and at Hull End, Chapel ; Higher Cliff, 
Strines. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; brook below Cratclifle Wood, Birchover. 

Tl. Roadside between Dalbury Lees and Trusley ; Spinuyford Brook, near 
Hulland. 

T3. Callens Lane, Calke, Purchas. 

B. CSespitosum Dixon. Si-leropodium B. iS; S. Rypnuni Wile. 

Tree trunks and stones, by streams. Rather rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Miller's Dale, IV.D.M". Cresshrook, Holt i>i N.D.M. On shady limestone, 
Lathkil Dale, Ley. Tideswell Dale, Mb. Whiteliead. Horseshoe Dale, Barker. 
Dovedale, Solt in Braitlno. Henmoor Brook, Kniveton. 

Tl. Brailsford Brook. 

B. illecebrum Dc Not. Scleropodiiun B. iij- S. Hypmnn Schwaegr. 

Among rocks. Very rare. 

First record, The Flora, 

L. Above Mill Dale, Doyed^Ale,. Bag nail in litt. 
B, purum Dixon. Hypnun L. 

Grassy banks, woods. Very common. 

First record Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Generall distributed and everywhere abundant. 



HYPNACE^. 405 

HYOCOMIUM B. ^ S. ■ 

H. flagellare -B. ^- S. Ilypnum Dicks. 

Rocks by mountain streams. Not uncommon. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Charlesworth Coombs, Nat'. Stenior Clough, N.D.M. 
Wildmoor Clough ; Goyt's Bridge ; foot of Bonsall Plane ; Hollinworth Clough ; 
Jarvis Clough, Ashopton, Barker. Upper part of R. Sett ; Grinds Brook and 
Crowden Brook, Edale ; Fairbrook, Woodlands ; near Black Clough, Woodhead ; 
E. Westend ; Roych Clough, Chapel. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Redcar Brook, above Dore. 

EURHYNCHIUM £. ^- S. 

B. piliferum £• ^' f>- Hypnum Schreb. 

"Woods, grassy places, roadsides. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Cressbrook ; Over Haddon ; Castleton, N.D.M. Cales Dale, Barker. 

Gl. Whitebottom Wood, Natt. Fernilee, N.D.M. Chapel ; near Overlea, 
Barker. 

G2. Below Sheriff Wood, Griudleford. 

P. Scarcliffe Park ; Langwith Wood; Pleasley Park. ' 

Tl. Lower Thurvaston, Longford ; peaty meadows by Shirley Park ; 
Yeldersley fields ; roadside near Cross o' th' hands ; Breward's Car, Mugginton. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Ticknall, with fruit ; Pistern Hill ; Knowl Hills, 
Furchas. 

B. crassinervium B. # s. Hypnum Tayl. 

Rocks and stones in dales and woods. Rather rare. 

First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

L. By the Wye, Chee Dale and Miller's Dale ; limestone rocks, Castleton, 
N.D.M. Matlock, Wilson in N.D.M. Dovedale ; Lathkil Dale, with fruit. Ley. 
AshwoodDale; Cressbrook; Monk's Dale; Cales Dale; Taddington Dale, Barker. 
Kniveton Brook. 

G2. Rowsley, Ley. By brook below Cratcliffe Wood, Birchover, Barker ! 

P. Pleasley Park ; Upper Langwith. 

B. praelongum B. S; S. Hypnum L. 

Bare ground, among grass, hedge banks, woods. Very common. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 
Everywhere abundant. 

Var. Stokes ii Brid. 

L. Cressbrook ; Cales Dale, Barker. 

Gl. Between Codsor and Combes Reservoir, Chapel ; Fernilee, Barker, 
By brook S.W. of Nithen End, Buxton. 

Tl. Ditch near Longford Church ; bank of main road, Ashbourne Hill. 



406 HYPNACE^. 

E. Swartzii Hubkirk. Hi/pnum Turn. E, pmrloiiffidii var. atrovircns Schimp. 

Rocks in woods, old quarries, mostly on limestone. Not uncommon. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Lover's Leap, Buxton ; Ravensdale, Ley. Near Eyam ; Bradwell ; 
Monsal Dale ; near Taddington ; Dovedale ; Cressbrook ; Cales Dale ; Deep 
Dale; Horseshoe and Back Dales, Barker. 

Gl. Fernilee; between Cadster and Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker. 
Mellor; Stirrup and Whitebottom Woods, Nat^. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips ; Scarclifife Park ; old quarry near 
New Houghton ; near Stony Houghton ; Belph Moor ; Pleasley Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Littleover, Bindley. Ditch, Longford Park; 
Lower Thurvaston ; Etwall Common ; Quarndon Common. 

T3. Bretby, Painter, Naft. 

B. pumilum Schimp. Hypnum Wils. 

Limestone caves, shady rocks. Rather rare. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1879. 

L. Romantic rocks, Matlock, Wilson (1833) in Braithw. Cressbrook, Holt 
in N.D.M. Wormhill, West in N.D.M. Dove Holes, Dovedale ; near Lover's 
Leap, Barker. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Manch. Crypt. Soc. Near Castleton, 
with fruit. Holt in Hb. Whitehead. Under Back Tor, Edale. 

P. In caves at Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips. 

B. Teesdalei Schimp. Rypmim Sm. 

Shady limestone rocks. Rare. 

First records. Withering, 1191; Eng. Bot., 1794. H. intricatii )ii . 

L. Woods S.E. of Matlock Bath, B. Teesdale in E.B., iii., 202, with which 
cf. xxxiv, 2421. Chee Dale, Wild in Hb. Whitehead. Miller's Dale ; Ravens- 
dale, Holt, in Hb. Whitehead. Mill wheel, Cromford, Ley (1887). Trees near 
Matlock, N.H. Tutb. Dove Holes, Dovedale, Barker. Lover's Leap, Hunt 
(1867) in Braithw. 

B. tenellum Mild. Rhyncostcyinm B. & S. Hypnum Dicks. 

Limestone rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, Gamer, 1844. 

L. Ravensdale, Ley. Bradwell ; Cales Dale ; Horseshoe Dale ; near Lover's 
Leap, Barker. Lathkil Dale ; Via Gellia ; Masson Hill ; Great Rocks Dale ; 
Dovedale ; Brassington Rocks. 

Gl. Shady wall at Mellor, Natt. 

P. Abundant on Cresswell Crags ; Scarcliffe Park ; Markland Grips. 

B. myOSUroideS Schimp. Isothecium Brid. Hypnum L. 
Rocks, tree stumps. Rather rare. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 
L. Dovedale, Bindley. Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford. 



HYPNACE^. 407 

Gl. Mellor ; Stirrup Wood, NatK Wood at Fernilee ; Whitebottom Wood ; 
Edale, N.D.M. 

G2. Wall between Pox House Inn and Padley. 

Tl. Shirley Park. 

T3. Calke, Bloxarn. Repton, Painter, Natt. 

B. circinatum B. <|- S. Hypnum Brid. 
Limestone rocks. Rare. 
First record, Ley MS., 1898. 
L. Lathkil Dale, Ley. 

B. striatum -6. ^ S. Hypnum Schreb. 

Banks, woods, rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Matlock, Bindley. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Horseshoe Dale ; near 
Taddington ; Dovedale, Barker. Cales Dale, and Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. Mellor, Natt. {Whitehead). Stirrup Wood; near Whaley Bridge, 
N.D.M. North end of Combes Reservoir, Barker. 

G2. Duffield, Painter, Natt. 

P. Scarcliffe, Ley. Langwith Wood ; near Stony Houghton ; Pleasley Park. 

Tl. Stydd, Teaveley ; between Shirley and Rodsley ; Bradley; Slack Lane, 
Brailsford; bank of road, Ashbourne Hill. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Lane between Calke and Breedon, Purchas. 

B. Striatulum B. ^- S. Hypnum Spruce. 
Rocks in woods, limestone dales. Rare. 
First record, N.H. Tuth., 1863. 
L. Wormhill, West in Natt., igso. Dovedale? iV.ZT. Tidl). 

B. rusciforme Milde. Rhi/ncoKtegium B. & S. Hypniim Weiss. H. ritsci- 
folium Neck. 

Rocks and stones in streams. Common. 

First record, Bloxavi MS., 1833. 

L. Cressbrook ; Dovedale ; Cales Dale ; Horseshoe Dale ; Lover's Leap, 
Barker. Between Brough and Bradwell ; Kniveton and Henmoor Brooks. 

Gl. Near Whaley Bridge; Stirrup Wood; Mellor, N.D.M. Chapel-en-le- 
Frith, and brook beyond Wash, Barker. OUerbrook, Edale. 

P. Poulter Brook, Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Radbourn, Bindley. Pond below Yeldersley 
Hall ; Bradley Dam ; Edlaston Coppy ; Brailsford Brook ; Shirley ; brook below 
Hulland Moss. 

T3. Calke, Bloxarn,. Repton Weir, Hh. Mason. Ticknall, Purchas. Fore- 
mark, Painter, Natt. 

Var. proUxum Brid. 

L. By River Derwent at Matlock Bath and a little north of Matlcck 
Bridge. 



408 HYPNAOE^. 

E. murale Mikie. Ehyncostcgium B. & S. Mi/pitiait Hedw. 

Rooks, walls, especially on limestone. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Abundant on the limestone at Buxton, Ley. Dovedale ; Ashford ; 
Lover's Leap ; Cressbrook ; Backdale ; Bradwell, Barker. Matlock, Bindley. Via 
Gellia ; Kniveton and Henmoor Brooks. 

Gl. Mellor, NatK Fernilee ; Chapel, Barker. 

G2. Froggatt; Grindleford ; near Kirk Ireton. 

G. Between Chesterfield and Calow Green. 

P. Pleasley Park ; Scarclifte Park; Langwith Wood ; Belph Moor; Cresswell 
Crags; Markland Grips, 

TL Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. Between Mercaston and Cross o' th' hands; 
by Dayfield Brook, Atlow; main road, above Shirley; Brailsford. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Simpson's Nook, Ticknall, Ftirchas. 

Var, julaceuin Schimp. 

L. R. Lathkil, near Youlgreave, Ley (1877). Above Lover's Leap, Buxton ; 
Cales Dale, Barker. 

Gl. A form near this occurs near Whaley Bridge and Buxton, N.D.M. 
Chapel ; Fernilee, Barker. 

B. COnfertum Milde. Rhyncoxtrgium B. & S. Hypniim Dicks. 

Tree trunks, stones, banks. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Via Gellia. 

Gl. Mellor, Nat*. Fernilee; Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton, Barker. Bank 
Hall, Chapel. 

C. Sixtton Spring Wood, near Chesterfield. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Upper Langwith and Langwith Wood ; Scarclifte 
Park ; Pleasley Park ; Markland Grips ; near Stony Houghton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, NatK Findern ; Radbourn, Bindley. Suelston 
limequarries ; Quarndon Common ; Markeaton Brook ; Brailsford Churchyard ; 
Shirley Park. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Drakelow, Hh. Mason. Ticknall, Purchas. 

E. megapolitanum Mtlde. Rhyncosteynmi B. & S. Rypnnni Bland. 
Open stony ground. Very rare. 
First record. The Flora. 
Gl. Ritchie's field, Overlea, Whaley Bridge, Barker. 

PLAGIOTHECIUM n. # S. 

P. depreSSUm Bixon. Rhynmstegium B. & S. Uypnuin Bruch. 

Among rocks, base of trees. Rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Matlock Bath; Ghee Dale, N.D.M. Cressbrook, Holt in N.D.M. 
Lathkil Dale, Ley. Horseshoe Dale, Barker. 



"HYPNACK^. 409 

P. Borrerianum Spruce. P. elegcms Schimp. Hypnitm Hook. 

Mostly on gi-it or sand rocks, coal measures. Frequent. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Cressbrook, Barker. 

Gl. Common in woods at Charlesworth and other places on the coal 
measures, N.D.M. Whatford Wood, Buxton ; Edale, Ley. Ernocroft Wood, 
with fruit {Niehl and Ashton) ; Stirrup Wood ; Kinderscout, Nat*'. Combes 
Moss ; Fernilee ; Chapel, Barker. Grinds Brook, Edale ; Higher Cliff, Strines ; 
Eoych C lough. 

G2. Stanton, Ley. Robin Hood's Stride, Birchover ; Birchen Edge, Baslow ; 
Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Froggatt ; Harland Edge, Beeley. 

C. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Bradley Wood ; Shirley Park ; by Black Brook, Mugginton. 

P. pulchelluni B. ^- S. Lcskea Hedw. HijpntiDi Dicks. 

Shady mountain rocks. Rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Near Duke's Drive, Buxton ; Chee 
Dale ; Monk's Dale ; Dovedale, Barker. 

P. denticulatum B. # S. Hypnum L. 
Banks, woods, tree roots. Very common. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 
Abundant in every part of the County. 

Var. aptychus Lees. 

G2. Lane between Eyam and Baslow roads, Grindleford. 

Tl. Bradley Wood ? 

T3. Southwood, Calke, Furchas. 

Var. majiis Boul. 

L. Monk's Dale, Barker. 

Gl. Clough near old tollbar, Fernilee, " probably this," Barker. 

Var. sulcatum Spruce. 

L. Castleton; Miller's Dale, N.D.M. 
Gl. Common in woods, Fl. Ashton. 

P. Silvaticuna B. % S. Eypnum L. 
Woods, shady rocks. Rare. 
First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 
Gl. Wood at Mellor, Natt. 
C. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton ? 
T2. Dale Woods, Painter, Nat'. 
T3. Anchor Church, Bindley ? 



410 HYPNACE^.. 

P. undulatum B. (^- S. Hypnum L. 

Woods, by mountain streams, among rocks. Fi-equeut. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale ; Matlock Bath, Painter, NaP, 

Gl. Common in the hilly districts ; Fernilee Wood, N.D.M. Jarvis Clough, 
Barker, Ernocroft Wood, Bioxtoti in N.D.M. By R. Westend, Gibbs. Charles- 
worth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Nntt. Edale ; near Goyt's Bridge ; Crowden ; 
Higher Cliff, Strines ; Corbar Hill. 

G2. Stanton, Ley. Cromford, Annitage. Eyam Moor; under Raven Tor, 
Beeley; Littlemoor Wood, Dethick. 

C. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

T. Shirley Park ; Bradley Wood ; Cross o' th' hands, Hulland Ward. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Gorsty Lees Wood ; Repton Rocks, Purchas. Drake- 
low Hall, N.H. Tuth. 

P. latebricola B. # S. Leskea Wils. 

On rotting stumps in woods and copses. Rather rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Dovedale, Painter, NatK 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, N.D.M. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy {t. M.B. Slater) ; Shirley Park, and wet copse, 
Peathays, Shirley ; Breward's Car, Mugginton. 

T3. On elder trunks, Sharp's Bottom, Hartshorn. 

AMBLYSTBGIUM £. cf- S. 

A.. Sprucei B. ($■ S. Lcskca Bruch. H. confervoides Hook. & Wils. 

Shady limestone rocks, caves. Rare. 

First record, M.E.C. Bep., 1900. 

L. Dove Holes, Dovedale (1878) ; near Lover's Leap, Ashwood Dale, 
Barker. In another small cave, lower down in Dovedale ; Conies Dale, Peak 
Forest (both f. Prof. Barker); Monk's Dale, on tufa. 

A. confervoides B. # S. Hypnum Brid. 

Shady limestone rocks. Rare. 

First record, N.D.M., \QM. 

L. Cressbrook, Holt in N.D.M. Taddington Dale, Holt (1882) in Braithw. 
Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford ; Via Gellia ; Monk's Dale ; Lover's Leap, 
Buxton [all seen and named by Prof. Barker). 
A. compactum C.M. Brachythccium dcnsum Juratz. Hypnum Milde. 

Limestone rocks. Very rare. 

First record, Dixon, J.B., 1900. 

L. Dove Holes, Dovedale, Dixon. 
A. serpens B. ^- S. Hypnum L. 

Bare ground, stones, stumps. Very common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1883. 

Everywhere abundant. 



HYPNACEiE. 411 

Var. teniie Schimp. 

L. Near Buxtou and at Cressbrook, a form of this, Barker. The Wiunatts,. 
Holt (1882) in Braithw. 

G2. Burbage Brook, Barker. 

A., varium Lindb. Leskca Hedw. A. radicale B. «fc S. 
Tree stumps ; on the ground. Rare. 
First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Dovedale ; Chee Dale ; Grin Wood, Buxton, Barker. 
Gl. Combes Reservoir, Chaisel, Barker in N.D.M. 

A , irriguum -B- ^" S. Hypnum Hook. & Wils. 

Rocks in streams. Rather rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. R. Wye, Blackwell ; R. Dove, Dovedale, Ley. Matlock Bath, Painter, 
Nat^. Castleton, Carr. 

Gl. By a rivulet, and by the Goyt, at Mellor, Nat', and N.D.M. [Holt). 
Weir where a brook comes under the railway, above Shallcross Mill, Feruilee, 
Barker. 

A. fluviatile B. ^- S. Hypnum Sw. 

Rocks in streams. Rare. 

First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

L. By the Wye, Chee Dale; by the Derwent, Matlock Bath, N.D.M. 
R. Dove, Dovedale ; R. Wye, Miller's Dale, Ley. 

A . fllicinum LJe Not, Hypnum L. 

By streams, on damp ground. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Castleton ; Tideswell, N.D.M. Via Gellia, Garner. Dovedale, with 
fruit, Purchas. Bradwell ; Horsehoe Dale ; Thorpe Cloud, erect form, Barker. 
Miller's Dale, Painter, Nat*. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Cressbrook; Monk's Dale; 
floor of old quarry. Duke's Drive ; Ashwood Dale ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

Gl. Near Combes Reservoir, Chapel ; Goyt's Clough ; Feruilee, Barker. 
Edale ; under Burbage Edge. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Padley Wood, Grindleford ; stream under Crat- 
cliffe Tor, Birchover. 

C. Near Calow Green, Chesterfield ; marshy margin of pond, Dale Moor. 

P. Markland Grips ; Fleasley Park ; Langwith Wood ; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat*. By large pond, Yeldersley Hall ; Mercaston ; 
Thurvaston, near Marston Montgomery ; Snelston limequarries ; Shirley Park ; 
boggy ground by Bradley Brook ; Dayfield Brook, Atlow ; Cubley Brook. 

T2. By canal below Derby. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Drakelow, a lax water form, Hb. Mason. Dimmins- 
dale, with fruit; Ticknall, with fruit, Purchas. 



412 HYPNACE.E. 

Var. ValUsclausa (Brid.) A. fallax Milde. Wilson, Dnj. Brif., 1855. 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Lathkil Dale; Chee Dale; Monsal 
Dale, Barker. Buxton, Hunt (1871) in Braithw. 

P. Poulter Brook, Langwith Wood. 

T3. Near Calke Abbey, Bloxam in Bry. Brit. 
Var. frichodcs (Brid.) 

L. Cressbrook, Barker. 

HYPNUM L. 

H. riparium L, Amblystegium B. & S. 

Tree roots, stones, by water. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Matlock Bath, Armitage. Dovedale, Painter, NatK Cressbrook ; near 
Taddington, Barker. Henmoor Brook. 

Gl. Mellor, JVai*. Whaley Bridge ; Chapel ; Combes Eeservoir ; near 
Overlea, Fernilee, Barker and in N.D.M. Hogshaw Quarry, and brook below 
Nithen End, near Buxton ; R. Noe, beyond Barber Booths, and Grinds Brook, 
Edale. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Nat^. Brailsford Brook; Shirley; Bradley Brook ; 
between Cubley Common and Biddings ; Wyaston Brook ; stone trough near 
Brailsford Church, a form approaching v. longifolium Schimp. 

T2. Canal bank near Spondon. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Anchor Church, Bindley. Brizlincote, N.H. Tuth. 
Pool west side of Repton Shrubs; Sharp's Bottom, Hartshorn. 

Var. longifolium Schimp. 

L. In R. Wye, Chee Dale, and near Haddon Hall, Barker. 

FT , stellatum Schreb. Amblystegiuin Lindb. 

Marshes, dam]D clay fallows. Frequent. 

First records. Garner, 1844, probably var. protensum ; Purchus, 1862. 

L. Monk's Dale, Ley. Via Gellia, Armitage. Dovedale, Garner. 

Gl. Mellor, Nat^. Rather rare on the coal measures, N.D.M, 

Tl. Hulland Moss ; clay fallows, Yeldersley, and by pond near Yeldersley 
Hall. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Purchas. Stanton, near Burton, Hb. Mason. Bank of 
road above Smisby. 

Var. protennum B. & S. 

L. Miller's Dale, Holt (1880) in Braithw. Conies Dale ; Bradwell ; Ash- 
wood Dale; Back Dale, Barker, who remarks that this is the usual form in 
North Derbyshire. 

Gl. Shallcross Plane, Fernilee ; Barren Clough, Bugsworth ; Srigley's Held, 
Chapel ; near railway above Combes Reservoir, Barker. 



HYPNACE^. 41iJ 

H. chrysophyllum Brhl. AmbhjstPf/iuin Lindb. 

Bare soils, especially on limestone, quarries. Frequent. 

First record, Purchas, 1860. 

L. Miller's Dale; Lathkil Dale; Castleton, N.D.M. Thorpe Cloud, Dove- 
dale, Purchas. Cresshrook, Holt in Manch. Crypt. Soc. (1879). Back Dale, jBarA;e>-. 
Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford ; Great Rocks Dale; Parkhouse Hill, near 
Hindlow. 

Gl. Cowburn, Barker, Roadside above Blackball, Chapel. 

G2. Wall between Fox House Inn and Padley. 

P. Cresswell Crags; Scarcliffe Park; Langwith Wood; Belph Moor; 
Markland Grips ; quarries near Whitwell Station. 

Tl. Snelston limequarries ; fallov/s near Yeldersley Rough, with fruit. 

T3. By the Tramway, Calke, Purchas. 

Var. erectwn Bagnall. Derbyshire Naturalist, Nov., 1898, 352. 

L. Near Dove Holes, Dovedale, Bagnall. Bradwell ; Great Rocks Dale ; 
Buxton, Barher. 

H. Sommerfeltii ^Iy>'- S. polymorphum Wils. Campyliinn hispidum v. 

SoinmerfeUii Lindb. 

Limestone quarries, walls, trees. Rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Wall near Ashford, Ashton and Nield in N.D.M. Near Castleton, Holt 
in Hb. T^^iitehead. Ravensdale, Ley. Monk's Dale, Barker. Near Taddington. 

P. Quarry near Whitwell Station; Scarcliffe Park. 

H. aduncum Sfdw. 

Margins of pools, marshes. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Miller's Dale, Painter, Naft. 

Gl. Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker. 

Tl. Boggy place south east of Marston Montgomery; roadside. Lower 
Thurvaston, Longford. 

T3. Foremark Bog, Bloxam, 
Group fypicuin Ren., forma falcata. 

Tl. By pool west of Radbourn. 
Group Kne'tffii Ren. 

Gl. North end of Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker, Near Back Tor, 
Edale. 

Tl. Pond by roadside, Wyaston {teste C. H. Binstead) ; by pool west of 
Radbourn ; pond near the road, west of Barton Blount ; roadside near Foston 
Woodhouse. 

Var. intermediuDi Schimp. 

P. Quarry near Springfield Farm, Whitwell. 

T2. Marshy flats by the canal, Sandiacre. 
Group pseuiofluitans Sanic, /. gracilis Ren. MS. 
Tl. Pool west of Radbourn. 



414 HYPNACEiE. 

tH. Sendtneri Schimp. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Car Meadow, near Hayfleld, Holt in Natt. 
Mr. Whitehead informed me in 1894 that this was an error, he having 
been misled about it.] 

H. uncinatum Hedw. 

Damp rocks in and by streams, walls. Frequent. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Castleton, N.D.M. Near Taddington. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Natt. Charlesworth Coombs, N.D.M. Ferniiee, and 
E. Goyt; Chapel; near Buxton, Barker. Chinley Hills; Slackhall, and Bank 
Hall, near Chapel. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Hathersage Road, Grindleford. 

Var. phwivlosum 'Schimp. 

Gl. Cowburn; William Clough; old road near Whitehall, Ferniiee; old 
road north face of Ladder Hill ; tree by brook below Combes Reservoir, Chapel ; 
between Horwich House and Bugsworth, near Mosley Hall, in Chapel ; pool by 
Brown Edge Lane, Buxton, Bavher. 

G2. Padley Wood, Grindleford. 

H. fluitans L. 

Wet moorland, bogs. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Gl. Axe Edge ; Edale, N.D.M. Goyt's Moss ; Combes Moss ; Hollinworth 
Clough ; moor east of Bamford ; near Goyt's Lane, Ferniiee, Barker. Kinder- 
scout, NaP. Brown Head, Chapel (v. siibmersum t. C. H. Binstead), Leii (1881). 
A falcate variety, Goyt's Clough, Barker. Stanage Edge ; Rushup Edge. 

G2. Froggatt ; near Higgar Tor, Hathersage. 

C. Ley's Pen, near Old Brampton ; Blake Brook, Baslow. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Littleover, Bindley. R. Dove, JV. H. Tilth. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 
Group amphib'ium Een. var. gracilc Boul. 

Gl. Axe Edge ; Combes Moss ; Cowburn ; WiUiam Clough, Barker. 

p. condensnta Sanio. 

Gl. Crowden Brook, Edale. 

Var. atlanticum Ren. J.B., 1901, 277. 

Gl. Hogshaw Brook, Buxton ; Combes Moss, Barker. Kinder, near 
Hayfield. 

G2. Redcar Brook, above Dore. 

Group fakatum Ren. var. ovale Ren. 

Gl. East side of Corbar Hill, a plant commg iinder this, /. Wheldon. 

•Group exannulatum Ren. H. exannulatum Guemb. 
Bogs, more or less sub-alpine. Frequent. 
First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 



HYPNACE^. 415 

Gl. Bogs, Kinderscout ; Charlesworth Coombs, NatK Goyt's Moss ; marsh 
at Tunstead, Milton Farm, Chapel ; near Ladder Hill, Fernilee, Barker. Edale 
Head ; Nether Yates Clough, Ashop Clough. 

02. Harper Lees, Hathersage. 

Tl. Margin of large pond, Wyaston ; bog below Bradley Wood. 

Var. pinnatum Boul. 

C. Brackenfield Green. 
Tl. Hulland Moss. 

F. stenopht/Uoides Ren. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley. 

F. grac'desccns Ren. 

Gl. Near Lauehead Farm, Fernilee, Barker. 
Tl. Hulland Moss ? 

F. montana Ren. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

F. polyclada Ren. MS. 

G2. Umberley Brook, Chatsworth. 

F. purpurascens Schimp. 

' G2. Harland Edge, Beeley. 
Sub-group Rotrn Ren. H^ stenophylluin Wils. Var. falcifolhun Ren. 

Gl. West side of Axe| Edge ; Hogshaw Brook, Buxton ; clough near old 
tollbar, Fernilee ; by Tunstead Farm, Chapel, Barker. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

H. VernicOStini Lindb. Aniblystcgium Lindb. H. pelhwiduin Wils. 
Mountain bogs. Rare. 
First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 
Gl. Kinderscout, Natt. {Whitehead and Holt). 

H. revolvens Sw. 

Mountains bogs. Rather rare. 
First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Car Meadow ; Kinderscout, Natt. Whatford Wood, near Buxton, Ley 
{1874). R. Sett, below Edale Cross; Oyster Clough, near the Snake Inn. 
Tl. Hulland Moss. 

Var. Coxsoni Ren. H. Cossoni Schjmp. 
Gl. Kinderscout, Holt in N.D.M. 

Var. intermedium Lindb. 
Mountain bogs. Rare. 
First record, Fl. AsJiton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Car Meadow, 'Hayfield,gi^Z. Ashton 
G2. Umberley Brook, Chatsworth. 
Tl. Hulland i Moss. 



416 HYPNACE^. 

H. scorpioides L. 

Wet moorland. Rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Fairbage Moor, near Glossop, Naf^.and N.D.M. [Wlntehead). 

G2. Umberley Brook, Chatsworth. 
H. COmrDutatum Hedu-. AmblystegUon glaiicuDt Lindb. 

Streams, ditches, bogs. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Matlock, Hb. Mason. Buxton ; Monk's Dale, Ley. Monsal Dale, 
Armitage. Dovedale, N.H. Tuth, Ashwood Dale; Miller's Dale, Barker. 
Conies Dale, Peak Forest; Via Gellia ; springs below Wormhill ; E. Bradford, 
below Youlgreave. 

Gl. Whitebottom Wood, Charlesworth ; Kinderscout, Naf^. Hollin worth 
Clough, Barker. R. Sett, near Hayfield ; Ashop Clough ; Fairbrook, near the 
Snake Inn ; Hood Brook, under Stanage Edge ; Grinds Brook, Edale. 

G2. Stream at Froggatt ; Otterdale. 

P. Markland Grips (a form near H. virescens, f. C.H. Binstead) ; Scar- 
cliffe Park. 

Tl. Bog below Bradley Wood ; ditch west of Longford Church ; Snelston 
limequarries. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Winshill, Hh. Mason. Repton Rocks, Purchas. 

A variety unnamed occurs by R. Dakin, below Alport, Barker. A very 
slender variety, unnamed, occurs at Cressbrook, Barker. 
H. falcatum Brid. Amllystefjimn Lindb. 

Mountain bogs ; springs and streams in limestone dales. Not uncommon. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's Dale ; Cressbrook, Barker. Buxton, Ley 
(1869). Dovedale, Nowers. Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

Gl. West side of Axe Edge; Wildmoor Clough; Goyt's Bridge; foot of 
Bonsall Plane, Barker. Bog on Kinderscout, Natt. William Clough ; Jaggers 
Clough, above Hope ; Oyster Clough, near the Snake Inn. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Hh. Mason. 
Var. virescens Schimp. H. vire.scms Boulay. 

L. Monsal Dale, Holt in N.D.M. Miller's Dale, and a form with para- 
phyllia in Chee Dale, Barker. Springs below Wormhill ; Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. Blackdean Brook, Woodlands. 
H. incur vatum Schrad. Stereodon Mitt. 

Mountain rocks, especially limestone. Rare. 

First record, N.D.M., 1894. 

L. Duke's Drive, Buxton, N.D.M. Monk's Dale, Barker in N.D.M. 
H. CUpreSSiforme L. Stereodon Brid. 

Rocks, walls, trees, bare ground. Common. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Abundant everywhere. 



HYPNACE^. 417 

Var. resupinattim Schimp. H. resiipinattan Wils. 

L. Dovedale, Ley. Cressbrook ; near Youlgreave, Barlcer. Above Lover's 
Leap, Buxton; Conies Dale, Peak Forest; Monk's Dale; Wormhill ; Hartle 
Dale, Bradwell ; between Thorpe and Sandybrook. 

Gl. Near Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. Car Meadow, near Hayfield, Natt. 
{Holt). Chapel ; Fernilee, Barker. Grinds Brook, Edale. 

P. Scarcliffe Park ; Pleasley Park ; Cresswell Crags. 

Tl. Ednaston ; east of Mercaston ; by Brailsford Brook ; by large pond 
near Teldersley Hall ; Lower Thurvaston, Longford ; Snelston limequarries ; 
between Trusley and Dalbury. 

Var. fiViforme Brid. 
L. Via Gellia? 
G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage. 

Var. ericetormn B. & S. 

Gl. Among heather, Charlesworth Coombs, l^att. Near Ladder Hill, 
Fernilee, Barker. Axe Edge. 

Var. uncinatnlum Bry. Eur. 

Gl. Near Whitehall, between Buxton and Whaley ; Fernilee ; Chapel ; 
near Wythen Lache ; near Lightwood Reservoirs, Barker. 

Var. tectorwn Brid. 

Gl. Ashwood Dale; Miller's Dale; Chee Dale; Cressbrook, N.D.M. Great 
Rocks Dale ; Hindlow, Barker. Dovedale ; Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. By Lightwood Reservoirs, Buxton, Barker. 

G2. By stream below Cratcliffe Wood, Birchover. 

P. Belph Moor, Whitwell. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Ciibley Brook. 

Var, elatiim B. & S. 

L. Miller's Dale, Wilson in Braithw. 

H. Patientiae Lhulb. Stn-eorlon arcuatum Lindb. Hi/pnum Lindb. 

On the ground among rocks, by streams, in woods. Not uncommon. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

L. Chelmorton, N.D.M. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Nat*. At Combes Reservoir; between Tunstead and 
Spire Hollins, and in Green Lane, Chapel ; old road near Mosley Hall ; path 
between Madscar and Shady Oak, Fernilee, Barker. Brook above Wash, Chapel. 

Tl. Snelston limequarries {t. C. H. Binstead) ; by Black Brook, Mug- 
ginton ; clay fallows, Yeldersley Lane, near Shirley. 

H. molluSCUm Sedw. Ctenldium Mitt. 

Limestone and sandstone rocks and soil, banks, boggy gi-ound. Frequent. 
First record, Engl. Bot., 1804. 
DD 



418 HYPNACE^, 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Ravensdale, Ley. Gales Dale ; Horseshoe and Back 
Dales; Monk's Dale; Ghee Dale; near Taddington, Barker. Middleton Dale; 
Ashford ; Dovedale, with fruit, Purchas. Matlock, with friiit, E.B. Gastleton, 
Carr. Bradwell, Snelgrove. Great Rocks Dale, with fruit. 

Gl. In Green Lane, and above Combes Reservoir, Chapel, Barker. Kin* 
derscout, Natt. Under Back Tor, Edale ; Fairbrook, near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Umberley Brook, Chatsworth ; Harper Lees, Hathersage. 

C. Millthorpe, Holmesfield. 

P. Pleasley Park; Scarcliffe Park; Upper Langwith ; Markland 'Grips; 
Cresswell Crags ; Belph Moor. 

Tl. Mickleover, Painter, Natt. Roadside, Cubley Common ; Corley, near 
Bradley; Hulland Moss; clay fields, Teldersley Lane, 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Ticknall ; Repton Rocks, Purchas (1862). Bank of 
road above Smisby, 

Var. condensatum Schimp. 

L. Horseshoe Dale ; Deep Dale. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Holt in Fl. Ashton. Blackdean Brook, near the Snake 
Inn ; William Clough. 

G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Padley Wood, Griudleford. 

Var. fastigiatum Bosw. 

" Derbyshire," Dixon's Handbook B.N. ; Nat^., 1899, 64. 

L. Dove Holes, Dovedale, Holmes in Braithiv. Hartle Dale, Bradwell. 

H, palustre L- Amblystegmm Lindb. 

Rocks and stones, by streams, or in damp places. Frequent. 

First record, Buxton's B.G., 1849. 

L. Gastleton; Miller's Bale, N.D.M. Cromford, Hh. Mason. Millwheel, 
Monsal Dale, Armitage. Dovedale, Purchas. Ashwood Dale ; Chee Dale ; 
Cressbrook ; Horseshoe Dale, Barker. Monk's Dale ; north side of Diamond 
Hill, Buxton. 

Gl. Chapel-en-le-Frith ; Fernilee; Mellor, N.D.M. Stones in the river 
near Marple, Buxton. By railway above Combes Reservoir ; Shallcross Plane, 
Fernilee, Barker. River Noe, Edale. 

G2. Stream from Stoke Flat, above Froggatt. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Black Brook, Mugginton, and near Cross o' th' 
hands ; Thurvaston, Marston Montgomery ; Cubley Brook, and between Cubley 
Common and Riddings ; between Wyaston and Yeaveley. 

T3. By the Melbourne Road, Derby Hills ; Ticknall ; Calke, Purchai. 

H. OCliraceuni Turn. Amblysteginm Lindb. 

Mountain streams, on rocks, or soil. Frequent and abundant. 

First record, Purchas, 1864. 

L. Chee Dale; Dovedale, Barker. R. Dove, by Chrome Hill. 



HYPNACE^. 419 

Gl. Little Haylield, with fruit, NatK [Holt). Stirrup Wood; Charlesworth 
Coombs; Kinderscout, N.D.M. Hogshaw Brook; Goyt's Clough ; Wildmoor 
Clough ; in the Goyt, Fernilee ; foot of Bonsall Plane ; Combes ; Chapel ; Hollin- 
worth Clough, Barker. Grinds Brook and near Edale Head; Nether Moor, 
Jaggers Clough; William Clough; above Hogshaw Reservoir, Buxton. 

G2. East Moor, Baslow, Purchas [J. M. Mello). Bar Brook ; Padley Wood 
Grindleford ; Harper Lees, Hathersage, 

C, Greave's Piece, near Horsley Gate. 

Tl. Brookside, Mercaston towards Mugginton. 

Var. flttccldum Milde. 

Gl, Hollinworth Clough, Barker. Roych Clough, Chapel ; R. Westend, 
Derwent. 

H. stramineum JJicks. Amblystegium De Not. 

Bogs and wet places on mountains. Not uncommon. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1886. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, NaP. South of Barren Clough, 
Bugsworth ; old road, Fernilee to Buxton ; marsh south of Ladder Hill ; Wild- 
moor Clough ; R. Goyt, near its source ; moor between Long Hill and Errwood 
Combes Moss; Grinds Brook, Edale, Barker. Goyt's Moss; William Clough; 
R. Westend ; east side of Corbar Hill. 

G2i Bar Brook, Baslow ; Umberley Brook, Chatsworth ; Burbage Brook, 
and wet gi-ound above Padley Wood, 

Tl. Bog below Bradley Wood ; Hulland Moss. 
H. COrdifolium Hedw, Amblystegium De Not. 

Margins of pools, marshes. Not uncommon. 

First record, Purchas, 1860, 

Gl, Mellor, NaP. Among willows, north end of Combes Reservoir, Chapel ; 
moor between Long Hill and Errwood, Barker. Marsh by R. Noe, Edale. 

C. Claypits, Breadsall Moor. Painter, Derh. Arch, d N.H. Soc, 1897. 

Tl. Marsh, Yeldersley Lane ; by Bradley Brook ; pond between Cubley 
Brook and Birchwood Moor ; roadside near Foston Woodhouse. 

T3. Cauldwell, Hb. Mason. Pond between Knowl Hills and Ingleby, 
Purchas. Stanton, near Burton, N.H. Tutb, 

H. CUSpidatum L. Aniblysteffiitm De Not. 

Wet fields, marshes. Very common and generally distributed, and not 
unfrequently fruiting. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

Var. caspiticium Whitehead MS. 

L. Monsal Dale, Dixon's Handb. B.M. 

Var. pungens Schimp. 

L. Monk's Dale, Barker 



420 HYPNACE^. 

H. Schreb.eri Willd. Hylocomium parietinum Lindb. 

Dry grassy slopes, woods, heaths. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Chee Dale, N.D.M. Doyedale, Hb. Mason. Buxton, Ley (1870). Gales 
Dale ; Horseshoe Dale, BarJcer. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, NatK Fernilee ; Chapel ; Wild- 
moor Cloiigh ; foot of Bonsall Plane ; old dip near Whitehall, road from Whaley 
to Buxton, Barker. Edale. 

G2. Burbage Brook ; Mag Clough, Grindleford ; between Little Eaton and 
Brackley Gate. 

P. Lang with Wood. 

Tl. Ashbourne, Hb. Mason. Yeldersley. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. Eepton Rocks, Hb. Mason. 

IHYLOCOMIUM B. <?• S. 

H. SplendenS -B. (^ S. Ht/pnnm Hedw. Hylocomium proliferuni Lindb. 

Woods, dales, bushy banks. Frequent. 

First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale, Garner. Horseshoe Dale ; near Taddington, BarJcer. Crom- 
ford, Hb. Mason. Matlock Bath, Gem of the Peak. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; 
Lathkil Dale ; Harper Hill, Buxton. 

G2. Froggatt ; near Kirk Ireton. 

P. Langwith Wood ; Markland Grips. 

T3, Calke, Bloxam. Ticknall, Painter, Nat*. 

H. brevirostre -B. ^ S. Hypnum Ehrh. 
Mountain woods, dales. Rare. 
First record, Wilson, Bry. Brit., 1855. 

L. Chee Dale, with fruit, N.D.M. North side of Diamond Hill, Buxton. 
Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Nat'. 

H. loreum B. S; S. Hypnum L. 

Mountain rocks, bushy places. Rare. 
, First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale, Garner. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Nat^. Wood near Whaley Bridge, 
with fruit, N.D.M. 

T3. Calke, Bloxam. 

H. squarrosum B. ^ s. Hypmim L. 

Grassy places, banks. Very common. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Pig Tor, Buxton, with fruit. Ley (1870). Duke's Drive, Buxton, 
Barker. 

Gl, Charlesworth Coombs, with fruit, NatK 

Tl. Mickleover ; Littleover ; Etwall ; Radbourn, Bindley. 



HYPNACE.E. 421 

T3. Old bridge, Calke Mill, and Repton Rocks, with fruit, Purchas (1862). 
A form with the leaves homomallous at the ends of the branches occurs in 
Dovedale, and on the grit under Burbage Edge, near Buxton. 

Var. cahvscens (Wils.). 

Gl. Near Whaley Bridge, N.D.M. Mellor, NatK 

H. triquetrum £• ^- S. Eypnum l. 

Dry hedgebanks, hill slopes, woods. Frequent. 
First record, Bloxam MS., 1833. 

L. Dovedale, Garner. Cromford, Hb. Mason. Cales Dale ; Horseshoe 
Dale, Barker. Ashford; near Kniveton ; Harper Hill, Buxton. 
Gl. Fernilee ; Chapel, Barker. 
P. Langwith Wood; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Roadside, Derby Road, Ashbourne. 
T3. Calke, Bloxam. Repton, Painter, Nat*. Bank of road above Smisby. 

H. rugOSUm De Not. Hypmim Ehrh. 

Limestone dales, among limestone debris. Rather rare. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Chee Dale; Miller's Dale; Dovedale, N.D.M. Tideswell Dale; Ravens- 
dale, very luxuriant. Ley (1881). Between Middleton Dale and Eyam, Pvrchas. 
Between Taddingtou and Miller's Dale, Barker. Deep Dale, Kingsterndale. 



422 



HEPATICiE. 



TTERY little was done in this class until late in the last 
' century, and older notices are decidedly meagre, but during 
the last thirty years the country has been explored by several 
workers, more especially in its northern parts, and a considerable 
number of species collected. 

The long-felt want of a satisfactory work on the British 
Hepaticae has at length been richly supplied by Mr. W. H 
Pearson's splendid monograph just completed, which has been 
most useful in making out our Derbyshire forms. Mr. G. A. 
Holt kindly supplied me with a list drawn from his own 
herbarium and those of Messrs. Pearson, Whitehead and Wild ; 
Mr. Mason of Burton-on-Trent lent his specimens, mostly of Mid 
and South Derbyshire, for inspection, and the records thus 
obtained, together with my own discoveries, constitute the bulk 
of the 96 species which are so far known for the County. 

The climatic features which make Derbyshire so prolific 
in Mosses have the same effect in Hepatics ; and there is a 
similar limitation of species to particular formations, 5 being 
found on limestone only, 6 on limestone and Permian, 28 on 
grit or grit sand, and 5 on wet moorland or marshes. There 
are a few which are of special interest owing to their rarity or 
to their occurrence in the County being a considerable extension 
from previously recorded localities, such as Hijgrobiella In.vifoUa 
(Westmorland, Yorkshire), Ln/Jiocolea sjncata (Cornwall, N. Wales, 
Inverness), Targionia h ij fjophylla (W. Yorkshire), on both sides 
of the Dove in Dovedale, and Anthoceros pnnctatus. Although 
the present list amounts to a fair representation of this class for 
the County, there are still several species not yet noticed which 
may be expected to occur and to be brought to light by further 
investigation. 



JUBULEiE. 423 

Sub-order 1. Jungermanniace/C. 
tribe 1. jubule/e. 

FRULLANIA Radd,. 

F. Tamarisci Bum. Jungcrnumma L. 

On rocks, principally limestone. Locally abundant. 

First record, Garner, 1844. 

L. Miller's Dale, E.h, Wliitehead. Chee Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Eavensdale, 
Hb. Holt. Dovedale, Garner. Bradwell, Snelgrove. Lathkil Dale ; Dimmins- 
dale, Ashford ; Deep Dale, near Kingsterndale ; Brassington Rocks ; near 
Bradbourn Mill, 

Gl. Rocks under Back Tor, Edale ; Oyster Clough, Woodlands. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips, Clowne. 
F- dilatata Bum. Jungcntumnia L. 

On trees, rocks and walls, especially on limestone. Not uncommon. 

First record. Gem of the Peak, 1840, 

L. On trees, Chee Dale ; Monsal Dale, Hh. Whitehead, Ashwood Dale, 
with fruit ; Taddington Dale, Hh. Holt. Matlock. Bindley. Dovedale. 

P. In a hedge at Upper Langwith. 

Tl. On elder in Shirley Park, 

T3, Near Burton, Hh. Mason. 

LEJBUNIA Libert. 
L. serpyllifolia Lih. JimgerDUinnia Dicks. 

On rocks and trees, especially on limestone. Not uncommon. 

First record, Holt MS., 1896. 

L. Chee Tor, Hh. Wild. Ashwood Dale ; Ravensdale, Hb. Holt. Monk's 
Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Dovedale ; Via Gellia ; Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 
Var. cavifolid Lindb. 

L. Monsal Dale ? 
Li. calcarea Lib, L. echinata Tayl. Jiingermannia hamatifolia v. echinata 

Hook. 

On shady limestone rocks. Rather rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1884. 

L. Ashwood Dale; Miller's Dale; Chee Tor; Taddington Dale; The 
Winnatts, Bb. Holt. Cressbrook; Lathkil Dale in a cave about a mile from 
Monyash ; Via Gellia ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Great Rocks Dale, near 
Buxton. 

L. Rossettiana Mcmal. 

On shady limestone rocks. Rare. 

First record, J.B., 1889, 353. 

L. Castleton; Chee Dale, Hb. Whitehead. Miller's Dale (1882); The 
Winnatts (1882); Ravensdale (1884); Ashwood Dale, Hh. Holt. Via Gellia, and 
near GriS Grange ; in a small dale near Snitterton ; Dovedale. 



424 JUNGEKMANNIE^. 

TRIBE 2. JUNGERMANNIE/E. 

RADULA l>ioi'. 

R, COmplanata Dum. Jungermannia L. 

On trees mostly, also on rocks. Not uncommon. 

First record, Gem of the Peak, 1840. 

L. Taddington Dale ; Via Gellia ; Great Rocks Dale, near Buxton ; Dove- 
dale ; between Hopton Works and Wirksworth ; roadside near Bradbourn 
Mill ; between Kniveton and Corley. 

P. In a hedge at Upper Langwith. 

Tl. Slack Lane, Brailsford ; Brickkiln Lane, Shirley, and Shirley Brook; 
Yeldersley, laneside towards Ednaston Lodge ; near Rodsley. 

PORELLA Bill. 

P. platyphylla Lindb. JungeniianuKi L. 

Rocks and trees, especially on limestone. Common. 

First record. Holt MS., 1896. 

L. "Walls, Castleton, Hb. Whitehead. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's Dale ; Ravens- 
dale, with fruit, Hb. Holt. Dovedale, Hb. Mason. Via Gellia ; Great Shacklow 
Wood, Ashford ; Lathkil Dale ; Taddington Dale ; Deep Dale, Kingsterndale ; 
Wardlow; Conies Dale, Peak Forest; near, Bradbourn Mill ; Bradwell Dale ; 
near Thorpe, 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips, Clowue. 

Tl. By Henmoor Brook, near Corley. 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason. 

BLEPHAROZIA D><»k 
B. ciliaris Dum. Jungennaimia L. I'tilidiw)! Nees. 

Heaths, rocky moorland. Not uncommon. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc„ 1879. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Hb. Whitehead. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. 
Combes Moss ; sources of Grinds Brook, 2000 feet ; under Cuckoo Tors, Hogshaw 
Reservoirs. 

G2. Curbar Edge; near the stream on Froggatt Edge. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 
B. pulcherrima Lhidb. Jungernmnma Hoffm. 

On woods or rocks. Rare. 

First record, The Flora. 

Tl. On tree trunks. Black Wood, Mickleover, Bindley. Bradley Wood. 

TRICHOCOLBA K,rs. 

T. tomentella Bum. Jungermannia Ehrh. 

Swampy places by mountain streams. Rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout; Stirrup Wood, in both places with fruit, Fl. Ashton, 

G2. By Umberley Brook, near Chats worth. 



JUNGERMANNIE^. 425 

BLBPHAROSTOMA Dum. 

B. trichophylla JDuiu. Jungerinn>inia L. 

Damp moorland, mountain slopes. Rather rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 
I L. North side of Diamond Hill, Buxton ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. Back Tor, Edale ; Wildboar Clough, 
Crowden. 

G2. Hipper Sick, near Chatsworth, 

C. Nether Loads, Old Brampton, 

LBPIDOZIA Bum. 
L. reptans I>tim. Jungermannia L. 

Woods, rocky slopes, preferring sand and gritstone. Frequent and abundant. 

First record, l<i.R. Tuth., 1863. 

L. On birch stems, Ashwood Dale. 

Gl. Abundant in Stirrup Wood (1883), Holt d- Whitehead in Fl. Ashton. 
Ashopton ; Goyt's Moss ; Hollingworth Clough, north of Hayfield ; Combes Moss ; 
sources of Grinds Brook, 2000 feet ; Bleaklow Hill ; Grinah Stones ; near the 
Snake Inn; Higher Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Black Rocks, Cromford, Gihhs. Robin Hood's Stride, near Birchover ; 
Bar Brook, above Baslow; Harland Edge, Beeley ; Harper Lees, Hathersage ; 
Littlemoor Wood, and on Dethick Common ; rocky wood near Whatstandwell 
Station ; Curbar Edge. 

C. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy; Bradley Wood; Shirley Park. 

T2. On sandstone rocks in woods soiith of Dale. 

T3. Repton Rocks, Hb. Mason, 

1j. Pearsoni Spnwe. J.B., I88I, 34. 

On rocky banks among moimtains. Very rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout (1884), Khh. Whitehead & Holt. 
L. Setacea Mitt. Juugennaimia Web. 

Damp moorland. Not uncommon. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; KindieYscont, Fl. Ashton. Hollinworth Clough, 
north of Hayfield ; Combes Moss ; Wildboar Clough, near Crowden ; Grinah 
Stones, Bleaklow Hill; Fairbrook, and Birchin Clough, near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley ; Blake Brook, above Baslow ; Hipper Sick, 
near Chatsworth; near Bole Hill, Eyam Moor. 

BAZZANIA Gr. # B. 

B. trilobata Gr. ^- £. Jimgcrmannla L. 

Shady rocky banks. Rare. 

First record, Manch. C^-ypt. Soc, 1879. 

G2. Charlesworth Coombs, with fruit (1879), Hb. Whitehead. Kinderscout, 
with fruit, Fl. Ashton. 



426 JUNGERMANNIE^. 

KANTIA Gi: ^- B. 

K. Trichomanis Gr. S^- B. Mn'um L. Jimgcrmimnia Dicks. 

Banks, moors, woods, &c. Frequent. 

First record. Gem of the Peak, 1840. 

L. In heather near Sheldon ; Back Dale near Hindlow. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. Stenior Clough, 
Hb. Whitehead. R. Sett, near Hayfield ; Goyt's Moss ; Wildboar Clough, 
Crowden ; Black Cloughs, above Woodhead ; Birchin and Oyster Cloixghs, near 
the Snake Inn; Higher Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Black Rocks, Cromford, Gibbs. Higgar Tor, near Hathersage ; moor- 
land above Beeley ; Umberley Brook, Chatsworth ; Dethick Common. 

C. Leys Fen, Old Brampton ; roadside near Dale. 

Tl. Ciipiss Lane near Mercaston, Mugginton ; Hulland Moss ; Cross o' th' 
hands ; Wyaston towards Rodsley ; Findern, marshes by the railway ; Bradley 
Wood. 

T2. Marshy flats north of Sandiacre. 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason.i 
KI. Sprengelii Mart. Jungermanniu Mart. 

Damp shady banks, woods, quarries. Rather rare. 

First record, M.E.C. Rep., 1902. 

Gl. Bank Hall, Chapel-en-le-Frith ; Higher Cliff, Strines. 

G2. Quarries between Little Eaton and Brackley Gate ; Hipper Sick, near 
Chatsworth ; Dethick Common. 

C. Linacre Wood, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy ; Shirley Park ; boggy ground by Bradley Brook. 
K, arguta Lindh. Calypogeia Mont. & Nees. 

Damp clay banks, by streams and in woods. Not infrequent. 

First record. The Flora. 

L. Back Dale, near Hindlow. 

Gl. Ashop River, near the Snake Inn ; Blackdean Brook ; Higher Cliff, 
Strines ; brook near Malcoff, Chapel. 

G2. Small stream in Padley Wood, Grindleford. 

C. Linacre Wood ; between Nether Loads and Hallcliff Farm, Old 
Brampton. 

Tl. Bank of lane between Bradley and Hole-iu-the-Wall. 

CBPHALOZIA Bum. 

C. lunulsefolia Hum.. C. inultijlura Spruce. 

Moors and heaths. Frequent, mostly sterile. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Hb. Holt. Charlesworth Coombs, Hb. Whitehead. Stirrup 
Wood, Hb. Wild. Near Woodhead, Fl. Ashton. Grinah Stones, Bleaklow Hill. 

G2. Cromford Moor ; Hipper Sick, near Chatsworth ; Bar Brook, near 
Baslow ; stream from Stoke Flat, near Froggatt. 

C. Ley's Fen, Old Brampton ; Blake Brook, near Baslow. 



JUNGERMANNIEiE. 427 

Tl. Marshy ground by caual, below Fiudern. 

T;:i. Repton Rocks {G. connivens) N.H. Tutb. 
C. bicuspidata Bum. Jungermanma L. 

Woods, banks, moors, etc. Common. 

First record, iV.fl". Tuih., 1863. 

L. Hartle Dale, Bradwell; on birch trunks in Ashwood Dale. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood ; Charlesworth Coombs ; Woodhead, Hb. Whitehead. 
Ashop Clough and Birchin Clough, near the Snake Inn ; Blackdean Brook, and 
Fairbrook ; Allport Dale ; near Oxdale Lodge, Riuginglow ; Grinds Brook, Edale. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Umberley Brook, Chatsworth ; Kelstedge ; quarries 
between Little Eaton and Brackley Gate; Froggatt ; Littlemoor Wood, Dethick. 

C. Quarry in Hard wick Park. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Shirley Park ; Bradley Wood ; Edlaston Coppy. 

T2. Woods south of Dale. 

T3. Repton Rocks, N.H. Tutb. Near Burton, Hb. Masun. 
C. Laniniersiana Sprme. Jungermannia Hueben, C. bicnspidafa v. uliginosa 

Nees. 

Damp moorland, wet places. Frequent. 

First record, The Flora. 

L. Near Taddington. 

Gl. Goyt's Moss; Bagshaw, near Chapel; Chinley Hills; Hollinworth 
Clough, and moorland above Hayfield; Edale Head, and near Edale Cross; 
Grinah Stones, Bleaklow Hill ; Ashop Clough. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley ; Gardom's Edge, and Bar Brook, Baslow ; 
Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Bechagg Wood, Froggatt ; Dethick Common. 

P. Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Corley, near Bradley ; Hulland Moss ; Shirley Park. 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason. 
C lieterostipa Carr. <^ spruce. Jitngermcuniia injldta v. hrterostipa Lindb. 

Damp rocks among mountains. 

First record. Holt MS., 1896. 

Gl. Kinderscout, with fruit (1881), Hbb. Holt d- Wliitehead. 
C. SphagTli Spruce. .Jimgermannia Dicks. Odontoschisma Dum. 

Damp moorland. Hare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout (1883), Hb. Holt. Stirrup Wood, Holt in Pearson. 
C. denudata Spruce. Jungermannia Nees. Odontoschisma Dum. 

Rotten trunks or sandstone, Rai'e. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood (1878), Hb. Wild. 
C, divaricata Dum. Jungermannia Sm. 

Moorland, shady banks, rotten wood. Frequent. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Cressbrook Dale, and near Wardlow Mires ; Deep Dale and Back Dale ; 
near Kingsterndale ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 



428 JUNGERMANNIEiE. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. R. Sett, above Hayfield ; Grinah Stones, 
Bleaklow Hill; Birchin Clough, near the Snake Inn; Ashop Clough. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow; Harper Lees, Hathersage; Harland Edge, Beeley; 
White Edge, above Froggatt ; Dethick Common ; quarries between Little Eaton 
and Brackley Gate. 

C. Ramsley Moor, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Hulland Moss; Shirley Park; Edlaston Coppy ; limestone qviarries, 
Snelston Common ; railway bank south of Mickleover Station ; bog below Bradley 
Wood ; Old Yeldersley ; Ednaston, Brailsford. 

C. stellulifera Tayi. mss. 

Banks, and among rocks and stones. Rare. 

First records, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 1842, 516 ; Fhyt., 1833 and 1844. 

G2. Crich [Wilsott, 1831), Eb. Holt. 

HYGROBIELLA Sprme. 

H. laxifolia Spmcc. Jungcnnminia Hook. 
Wet rocks by mountain streams. Rare. 
First record. The Flora. 
Gl. Blackdean Brook, Woodlands. 

SCAPANIA Bum. 

S. OOmpacta Du^n. Jungennannia Roth. 

Sand and grit rocks. Rare. 

First record. The Flora, 

G2. Stream from Stoke Flat, Froggatt. 

Tl. S.E. side of Bradley Wood on sand rock, and on pathways in the 
wood. 
S. Sequiloba Dum. Jtmgcnnanma Schwaeg. 

Shady limestone rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Pearson, 1900. 

L. Walls, Miller's Dale ; Castleton, Hb. Whitehead. Ashwood Dale ; 
Ravensdale; Chee Dale; Monsal Dale, with fruit, Hb. Holt. Monk's Dale; 
Via Gellia ; Brassington Rocks, 
S. aspera Mucll ^ Bern. S. cequiloba f. dcntata Mass. 

Limestone rocks, rare elsewhere. Not uncommon. 

First record, M.E.G., Bep., 1901. 

L. Great Shacklow Wood ; Monk's Dale ; Cressbrook ; Hartle Dale, 
Bradwell; Lathkil Dale; Via Gellia; Deep Dale, Kingsterndale ; Lover's Leap, 
Buxton ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Dovedale ; Brassington Rocks. 

Gl. Combes Moss ; Jarvis Clough, Ashopton. 

G2. Rocky woodland near Whatstandwell Station. 

C. By Pox Lane Plantation, near Baslow (named by S. M. Macvicar). 

P. Belph Moor, Whitwell; Markland Grips, Clowne. 
S. resupinata Dum. Jungermannia L. 

Shady rocks among mountains. Rare, 

First record, Gem of the Peak, 1840. 



JUNGERMANNIE.E. 429 

L. Chee Dale, with fruit ; Matlock, Hhh. Wild, and Holt. North side of 
Diamond Hill, var. minor. 

Gl. Under Burbage Edge, Buxton; under Back Tor, Edale. 
G2. Stream from Stoke Plat, Proggatt, var. minor {t. S. M. Macvicar). 
S. nemorosa Bum. Jungcrmnnnia L. 

Woods, streamsides, damp roadsides, Prequent. 
First record {N.H. Tutb., 1863) ? Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Dovedale, N.H. Tutb. ; probably mistaken for some other species, as 
S. nemorosa avoids limestone. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, with fruit, Hb. Whitehead. Combes Moss ; Back Tor, 
and Grinds Brook, Edale ; Cowburn, Chapel ; Birchin Clough, and other streams 
near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Under White Edge, Proggatt ; Bar Brook, Baslow ; Littlemoor Wood, 
and by brook at Lea ; near Kirk Ireton . 

C. Between Stubbinedge Court and Great Pond, Wingerworth ; Mill- 
thorpe, Holmesfield. 

Tl. By pathway in Bradley Wood. 
S. undulata Bum. Jungennannia L. 
Rocks in streams. Frequent. 
First record. Garner, 1844. 

L. In the Dove near its source. Garner, Dovedale, N.H. Tutb. Buxton, 
Bindley. 

Gl. Hayfield, Hb, Whitehead. Combes Moss ; Crowden and Grindsbrook, 
Edale; Cowburn, and above Wash, Chapel; William Clough; quarry, Hogshaw 
Reservoir, and brook below Nithen End, Buxton ; near Black Clough. Wood- 
head ; Ashop Clough, Blackdean Brook, Birchin Clough, near the Snake Inn ; 
R. Westend. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley ; stream from Stoke Plat, Proggatt ; Umberley 
Brook, Ohatsworth ; Bar Brook, Baslow; Kelstedge ; Hay Wood, Grindleford. 

C. Stream at Horsley Gate. 
S. purpurascens Tagl. MSS. Jungennannia nemorosa v. purpurascens Hook. 
Wet rocks, swampy places. Not uncommon. 
First record. Holt MS., 1896. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Hb. Wliitehead. Carmeadow near Hayfield; near 
Castleton, Hb. Holt. Bamford ; Goyt's Moss ; doughs above Woodhead and 
Crowden ; Grinds Brook, Edale, very fine ; Ashop River, near the Snake Inn • 
Jarvis Clough, Ashopton. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow; Harland Edge, Beeley; Umberley Brook, Chats - 
worth; Hall Dale, Rowsley ; Dethick Common. 
Tl. Hulland Moss. 

S. intermedia Hmnot. 

Rocks in mountain streams. Rare. 
First record. The Flora. 

G2. Under Raven Tor, Beeley ; Gardom's Edge, and by Bar Brook,. 
Baslow. 



430 JUNGERMANNIE^. 

S. irrigua Dudi. Jungermanma Nees. 

Wet moorland, mosses. Not uncommon. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1884. 

Gl. Kiuderscout (v. gemmipara), Hb. Whitehead (1884). Crowden Brook, 
and near Clough Pai-m, Edale ; Tunstead, Chapel ; Goyt's Moss ; by old road 
one mile south of Combes Edge, and east side of Corbar Hill. 

G2. Above Bar Brook, Baslow ; moorland west of Whitedge Moor, Padley. 

Tl. Hulland Moss (M.E.C. Bep., 1900) ; marshy groiind near the canal, 
telow Findern ; Shirley Park, and between it and Shirley Mill ; between 
Bradley and Yeldersley. 
S. rosacea Ihim. Jungermannia Corda, 

On damp rocks. Bare. ^ 

First record, Kolt MS., 1896. 

Gl. Woodhead, Hb. Whitehead. 

5. CUrta J^ii/n. Jungermannia Mart. 

Banks and paths in woodland. Rare. 
First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888 
Gl. Near Woodhead, Fl. Ashton. 

6. UmbrOSa Dii»>- Jungermannia convexa Scop. 

Rocks by mountain streams. Rather rare. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc., 1880. 

Gl. Woodhead, Hb. Whitehead. Under Back Tor, Edale ; Red Clough and 
Ashop Clough ; Fairbrook. 

G2. Under Raven Tor, near Beeley ; stream under White Edge, Froggatt ; 
Blake Brook, above Baslow ; Chatsworth. 

DIPLOPHYLLUM J)nm. 

D. albicans I>um, Jungermannia L. 

Rocks, banks, and walls. Frequent. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Dovedale, Bindley. Upper part of Cressbrook Dale, near Wardlow 
Mires, male plant ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Back Dale, near Hindlow ; north 
side of Diamond Hill, Buxton. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. R. Sett, above Hay- 
field ; Holliuworth Clough ; Combes Moss ; Qoyt's Moss ; Grinds Brook, and 
near Clough Farm, Edale, with fruit ; Hogshaw Lane, Buxton. 

Q2. Black Rocks, Gromford, Glbbs. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Umberley 
Brook, Chatsworth ; Harland Edge, Beeley ; Froggatt ; Harper Lees, Hathersage, 
male ; Kelstedge ; Littlemoor Wood and Dethick Common. 

C. Quarry in Hardwick Park. 

Tl. Shirley Park; Bradley Wood; Edlaston Coppy; Cross o' th' hands, 
and near Black Brook, Mugginton, 

T2. Woods south of Dale. 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason. Anchor Church, Bindley Repton Rocks. 



JUNGERMANNIEiE. 431 

J)_ Dicksoni Dum. Jungermannia ovata Dicks. /. Bicksoni Hook. 
Among rocks and on earth on mountains. Eare. 
First records, Fl. Ashton, 1888; Holt MS., 1896. 
Gl. Kinderscout, Hbb. Whitehead ,0 Holt (1882). 

LOPHOCOLEA I^>'m. 

L. bidentata Dnm, Jimgerniauma L. 

Woods and banks, on earth, rotting wood, and stones. Common. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Miller's Dale; near Buxton, Hh. Whitehead. Brassington Eocks. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Charlesworth, Hh. Wliitehead. Castleton, Carr. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowns ; Belph Moor, Whitwell ; Cresswell Crags ; 
near Pleasley ; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Kirk Langley ; Eadbourn, Bindley. Shirley Park ; Corley, 
near Bradley ; Longford ; Alkmonton. 

T3. Anchor Church, Bindley, Eepton Eocks; Sharp's Bottom, Hartshorn. 
L. CUSpidata Limpr. L. bidentata v. cuspidata Nees. 

Woods, banks, on earth, stones, and wood. Not uncommon. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Near Taddington. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Hh. Wild. Near the Snake Inn; by E. Noe, Edale. 

G2. Eocky wood near Whatstandwell Station. 

C. Walton Wood, near Chesterfield. 

P. Pleasley Park; Markland Grips, Clowne. 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy; Longford; Shirley Park; Nether Biggin, near 
HuUand. 

T3. Sharp's Bottom, Hartshorn. 
L. heteropliylla Dt^m. JMngermannUi Schrad. 

Base of trees, rotting stumps, stones. Frequent. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Stones and trees frequent, fruiting abundantly, Chee Dale ; Eavensdale, 
Holt MS. Monk's Dale; Masson Hill, and Via Gellia ; Great Shacklow Wood; 
Ashwood Dale ; Dovedale ; Madge Boose, near Kniveton. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. Ashop Clough. 

G2, Harper Lees, near Hathersage. 

C. Sutton Spring Wood, near Chesterfield; Ault Hucknall; Hardwick. 

P. Markland Grips; Langwith Wood; Scarcliffe Park; Pleasley Park. 

Tl. Mickleover ; Littleover ; B,a,dhourn, Bindley. Shirley Park ; by Bradley 
Brook ; Edlaston Coppy ; between Old Yeldersley and Brailsford ; Black Brook, 
Mercaston ; Longford. 

T2, In woods south of Dale. 

T3. Poremark Bottoms; Sharp's Bottom, Hartshorn. 

L. Bpicata Tayl. 

Damp rocks in woods. Very rare. 

First record, The Flora. 

G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage. 



432 JUNGERMANNIE^. 

CHILOSCYPHUS Bum. 
C. polyanthus Bum. Jungcrmannia L. 

Wet places in woods, in springs and streams. Frequent. 

First record, Fl. Asliton, 1888. 

L. Monsal Dale, Hh. Whitehead. Ashwood Dale ; Chee Dale, with fruit, 
Hh. Holt. Taddington Dale ; near Topley Pike. 

Gl. Kinderscout, with fruit ; near Glossop, Hb. Holt. Near Jaggers 
Clough, under Win Hill ; Holliaworth Clough, and R. Sett, near Hayfleld ; 
Combes Moss ; Roych Brook, near Chapel ; Higher Cliff, Strines ; Grinds Brook, 
Edale ; near Crowden ; in a spring near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Froggatt ; under Raven Tor, near Beeley ; Hall Dale, near Rowsley ; 
by the brook at Lea ; Whatstandwell, towards Matlock Bath ; Chatsworth ; Bar 
Brook, Baslow. 

Tl. HuUand Moss ; marsh by the railway below Fiudern. 

T3. Repton Rocks. 

Var. rivularis Nees. 

L. Castleton, Hb. Holt. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, Hb. Whitehead. Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. 

Tl. Brailsford Brook. 

MYLIA Grl # B. 

M. Taylori Or. ^ B. Jungermannia Hook. 

Wet moorland, moist rocks. Rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs, with fruit, Hb. WJiitehead (1879). Kinderscout, 
Fl. Ashton. Sources of Grinds Brook, 2000 feet, and damp side of the clough, 
lower down. 

C. Leys Fen, near Baslow. 

M. anomala Gr. ^ B. Jungermannia Hook. 

Wet moorland, spongy sides of streams, etc. Rather rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout, with fruit, Hb. Whitehead. Nethermoor, near Jaggers 
Clough. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley ; Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth ; Bar 
Brook, above Baslow; Burbage Brook; Eyam Moor. 

PBDINOPHYLLUM Lindb. 

P. interna ptum Llndb. riaglochlla interrupta Dum, Jungermannia Nees. 

Leptoscyphus Mitt. 

Shady limestone rocks. Rare. 

First records, Syn. Hep., 1844 ; The Naturalist, 1883. 

L. Matlock [Wilson); Chee Dale; Miller's Dale; Ravensdale, all with 
fruit, Hb. Holt. 



JUNGEEMANNIE^. 433 

PLAGIOCHILA Bum. 
P. asplenioides Bum. 

Shady woods, rocks. Not unfrequent. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Dovedale ; Deep Dale, near Buxton; Lathkil Dale. 

Gl. Mellor, Fl. Ashton. 

G2. Gardom's Edge, near Baslow. 

P. Cresswell Crags ; Markland Grips ; Scarcliffe Park. 

Tl. Cupiss Lane, Brailsford ; between Sturston Mill and Underwood, and 
side of main road to Derby, Ashbourne ; Eodsley, laneside towards Shirley. 

T3. Anchor Church, Bindley. 
Var. BiUenii Tayl. 

The small form, commoner than the type, and especially prevalent on 
limestone. 

L. Matlock; Wormhill, Hb. Whitehead, Ashwood Dale, frequent; Chee 
Dale ; Miller's Dale, Hh. Holt. Jennings Dale, Bradwell, Snelgrove. Cress- 
brook ; Taddington Dale ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Lathkil Dale ; Dovedale, 
abundant ; near Monyash ; north side of Diamond Hill, Buxton. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn ; under Back Tor, Edale. 

G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Proggatt. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. 
[P. tridenticulata Tayl., published in The Naturalkt, July 1881, belongs 

to P. Billcmi, fide W. H. Pearson.] 
P. Spinulosa Bum. Jungcrmannla Dicks. 

Damp shady places, avoiding limestone. Rare. 

First record. The Flora. 

Gl. Under Back Tor, Edale. 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason, 

JUNGBRMANNIA L. 

J. COrdifolia Hook. Aplozia Dum. 

Wet rocks, and by mountain streams. Rare. 

First record, M.E.C. Bep., 1900. 

Gl. Near Hayfield, M.E.C. Bep. Fairbrook, near the Snake Inn ; Ashopton ; 
Grinds Brook, Edale ; R. Sett, above Hayfield. 
J. pumila With. Aplozia Dum. 

Wet rocks, mostly by streams. Rather rare. 

First record, The Naturalist, 1887. 

L. Near Buxton, Wilson (1831) in Natt. On damp rocks by the roadside, 
near Taddington ; Masson Hill, Matlock ; Great Rocks Dale, near Buxton. 

Gl. Oyster Clough ; Blackdean Brook ; Ashop Clough, all near the Snake 
Inn ; roadside rocks above Slackhall, Chapel ; Grinds Brook, and wooded slope 
above R. Noe, Edale. 

G2. Rocks above Froggatt ; Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Bar Brook, and 
brook near Robin Hood's Inn, near Baslow. 



434 JUNGERMANNIEiE. 

J. riparia Tayl. Aplozia Dum. 

Damp rocks, usually by streams or in shade, preferring limestone. Frequent, 

First found, Wilson, 1831 ; record, Holt MS., 1896. 

L. Castleton, Hb, Whitehead. Ashwood Dale ; Miller's Dale ; near Buxton 
( Wilson), Hb. Holt. Taddington Dale ; Ghee Tor ; Monk's Dale ; Cressbrook ; 
Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Via Gellia ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Dovedale, 
abundant ; north base of Harper Hill. 

Gl. Between the Snake Inn and Glossop, at the 1680 feet level ; Blackdean 
Brook ; Fairbrook ; Birchin Clough ; Eoych Clough, Chapel ; Grinds Brook, 
Edale. 

G2. Umberley Brook, Chatsworth ; Bar Brook, Baslow ; Hay Wood, 
Grindleford, 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne, 

Var. inino?- Carr & Pears. 

L. Miller's Dale ; Monsal Dale ; Ashwood Dale, Hb. Holt, 

J. sphserocarpa Hook. Aplozia Dum. 

Damp rocks, among stones, by streams or among heather. Frequent at 
high levels. 

First record, Holt MS., 1896. 

L. Deep Dale, near Kingsterndale, M.E.G. Bep., 1899. Near Taddington; 
E, Dove, near Chrome Hill. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood ; Edale, Hb. Whitehead. Kinderscout, Hb. Holt (1883). 
Goyt's Clough ; Combes Moss ; Hollinworth Clough ; William Clough ; Roych 
Clough, near Chapel ; Jarvis Clough, Ashopton ; Ashop Clough, and Nether 
Yates Clough ; Oyster Clough, and Birchin Cloiagh, near the Snake Inn ; below 
south end of Stanage Edge ; brook below Nithen End, and north end of Axe 
Edge. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth ; Bar Brook, Baslow ; Curbar 
Edge ; Redcar Brook, above Dore. 

Var. lurida (D\im.). Aplozia Dum. /. natia Nees. 

A slight variety of J. sphcBrocarpa ; see Pearson, 298. 

First record, Manch. Crypt. Soc, 1880. 

Gl. Near Woodhead, Manch. Crijpt. Soc. Mellor; Edale, /Jb. Holt. 
Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. 

J. crenulata Suit Aplozia Dum, 

Moorland, damp banks. Not uncommon. 
First record, Holt MS., 1896, 

L. Quarry near Castleton, Hb. Holt. Deep Dale, near Kingsterndale, 
M.E.C. Bep., 1899. 

Gl. Nether Yates Clough, and Ashop Clough. 
G2. Umberley Brook, Chatsworth ; Harland Edge, Beeley. 
C. By Fox Lane Plantation, above Baslow ; Monk's Wood, near Sheep- 
bridge. 

Tl. By Black Brook, near Mugginton. 



JUNGERMANNIEiE. 435 

Var. graeUlima Sm. Aplozia Dum. /. Genthiana Huebn. 

On damp rocks, by streams, in woods. Not uncommon, 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Masson Hill, Matlock ; on 
the higher ledges in Dovedale. 

Gl. Near the Snake Inn ; Blackdean Brook ; Birchin Clough ; Ashop 
Clough, and Nether Yates Clough ; Grinds Brook, and near Clough Farm, Edale ; 
Goyt's Moss ; Chinley Hills ; R. Sett, near Hayfield ; Tunstead, near Chapel ; 
Roych Clough, and Cowburn ; Higher Cliff, Strines ; Hogshaw Lane, and under 
Burbage Edge, Buxton, and east side of Corbar Hill. 

G2. Bechagg Wood, Froggatt; Bar Brook, Baslow; Hipper Sick, East 
Moor ; Bakewell Lane, a little above the Station , Harper Lees, Hathersage ; 
Harlaud Edge, Beeley; Burbage Brook j Littlemoor Wood, near Dethick. 

C. Laneside near Bagthorpe Farm, Old Brampton. 

Tl. Shirley Park, by the brook. 

J. inflata Suds. Gymnoeoka Dum. 

Wet moorland, bogs and swamps. Frequent. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Hartle Dale, near Bradwell, a flagelliferous state, M.E.C. Bep., 1899. 

Gl. Hayfield; Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton, Woodhead, Hb. Whitehead. 
Combes Moss ; Goyt's Moss ; Roych Clough, near Chapel ; Hollinworth 
Clough, north of Hayfield ; Crowden Brook, Edale ; Oyster and Ashop Cloughs, 
Woodlands; Jarvis Clough, Ashopton. 

G2. Froggatt ; Harland Edge, Beeley ; Birchen Edge, and by Bar Brook, 
Baslow ; Curbar Edge ; Eedcar Brook, above Dore ; Hall Dale, near Rowsley ; 
Littlemoor Wood, and Dethick Common. 

Tl. Hulland Moss. 

Var. eompacta Nees. 

Gl. Near Edale Head, and tmder Back Tor; Nether Moor, Jaggers Clough ; 
by Burnt Hill, Hollinworth Clough. 

G2. Bar Brook. 

C. Ramsley Moor, near Baslow. 

J. turbinata Raddi. J. affinis Wils. Gymnocolea Dum. 

Damp limestone rocks and banks. Frequent. 

First record. Holt MS., 1896. 

L. Monsal Dale, male (1879); Miller's Dale, with fruit (1882); Ashwood 
Dale and Ravensdale (1883); Burbage (Wild), Hb. Holt. Hartle Dale, near 
Bradwell; Conies Dale, Peak Forest; Great Shacklow Wood, Ashford; Deep 
Dale, near Biixton; Monk's Dale; Lathkil Dale; Via Gellia, Masson Hill, and 
Wensley Dale, near Matlock ; Dovedale ; Brassington Rocks. 

J. bantriensis Hook. v. Muelleri JYees, Lophozia Dum. 
Damp limestone rocks and earth. Rather rare. 
First record. Holt MS., 1896. 



436 JUNGERMANNIE^. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Chee Tor ; The Winnatts, Hb. Holt. Rocks on the 
north side of Diamond and Harper Hills ; Taddington Dale ; Deep Dale ; Great 
Shacklow Wood ; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; near Monyash ; Brassington Rocks ; 
Dovedale. (In M.E.G. Bepp. for 1898 and 1899, some of the above were erroneously 
named J. alpestris, but were corrected by S. M. Macvicar and Herr Kaalaas.) 

P. Markland Grips, near Clowne. 

Var. trctUa Lindenb. Lophozia Dum. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Ravensdale, Hh. Holt. Upper part of Dovedale beyond 
Lode Mill {named by S. M. Macvicar) ; Back Dale, near Hindlow. 

J. capitata Hook. J. cxscisa Dicks. J. intermedia Lindenb. 

Earth among rocks and on banks. Rare. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Great Rocks Dale, near Buxton. 

Tl. Laneside between Old Yeldersley and Hollies Farm, near Bradley ;. 
between Shirley Park and Mill. 

T3. Repton Rocks, N.H. Tutb. 

J. bicrenata Schmidel. Lophozia Dum. 

Moist sandy places, turfy banks, rocks, limestone slopes. Rare. 

First record. The Flora. 

L. Upper part of Cressbrook Dale, near Wardlow Mires ; Dovedale. 

G2. Quarries between Little Eaton and Brackley Gate. 

Tl. Railway bank, south of Mickleover Station ; sandstone at Edlaston 
Coppy. 

J. ventricosa Dicks. Lophozia Dum. 

Among rocks and heather, on moors and in woods. Frequent. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Conies Dale, Peak Forest ; Horseshoe and Deep Dales, near Buxton ; 
Dovedale. 

Gl. Kinderscout, with fruit ; Charlesworth Coombs, with fruit, Fl. Ashton, 
Edale ; on a wall at Mellor, Hb. Holt. Near Little Hayfield, Barker. Under 
Back Tor ; Chinley Hills ; Combes Moss ; Goyt's Moss ; Hogshaw Lane, Buxton ; 
Axe Edge ; Wildboar Clough, Crowden ; Ashop Clough ; near Lady Bower Inn, 
Ashopton ; Birchin Clough, near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Harland Edge, and under Raven Tor, Beeley ; Froggatt ; Hipper 
Sick, Eastmoor ; Bar Brook, and Birchen Edge, Baslow ; Cromford Moor ; rocky 
wood near Whatstandwell Station ; Littlemoor Wood, and Dethick Common ; 
quarries between Little Eaton and Brackley Gate. 

C. Quarry in Hardwick Park. 

Tl. Sandstone rock at Bradley Wood; Shirley Park; on a heath by the 
railway below Findern. 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason. Repton Rocks (the form J. Mihlei G.). 

Var. porphyroleuca Xees. 

L. Horseshoe Dale, near Kingsterndale. 



JUNGERMANNIEiE. 437 

J. incisa Schrad. Lophoz'm Dum. 

Damp rocks, moorland, often by streams. Not uncommon. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Near Woodhead, Fl. Ashton. Abundant in Grinds Brook, Edale, up 
to 1750 feet ; at several places in Ashop Clough ; Combes Moor, and Fairbrook, 
near the Snake Inn. 

G2. Under Eaven Tor, near Beeley ; Hipper Sick, East Moor ; quarries 
between Little Eaton and Brackley Gate. 

J . exsecta Schmidel. Lophoz'ia Dum. 

Rocky woodland. Rare. 

First record, The Flora. 

G2. Under Gardom's Edge, Baslow ; stream from Stoke Flat, Froggatt ; 
rocky woodland near Whatstaudwell Station ; quarries between Little Eaton 
and Brackley Gate. 

J. Lyoni Tayl. J. qumquedmtnta Web. & Mohr. 

On shady banks and rocks, preferring limestone. Rather rare. 

First record. Holt MS., 1896. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Ravensdale ; Chee Dale, Hb. Holt. Via Gellia ; Monk's 
Dale ; Great Rocks Dale ; Lover's Leap, north side of Diamond Hill, and Deep 
Dale, near Buxton; Lathkil Dale; Hartle Dale, near Bradwell ; Conies Dale, 
Peak Forest ; Dovedale. 

Gl. Back Tor, Edale. 

J. gracilis Schlelch. J. attcnuata Lindenb. 

Rocky moorland slopes, heathland. Not uncommon. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Charlesworth Coombs ; Kinderscout ; Woodhead, Fl. Ashton. Mellor, 
Hb. Whitehead. Back Tor, and by R. Noe, Edale ; Combes Moss ; Chinley 
Hills ; near Ladybower Inn, Ashopton ; R. Sett, near its source ; Grinah Stones, 
Bleaklow Hill ; Birchin Clough, near the Snake Inn ; Stanage Edge. 

G2. Harland Edge, Beeley ; Froggatt ; Curbar Edge ; Harper Lees, and 
near Higgar Tor, Hathersage ; Birchen and Gardom's Edges, near Baslow ; Hall 
Dale, Rowsley ; rocky woodland near Whatstaudwell Station ; Black Rocks, 
Cromford ; near Oxdale Lodge, Ringinglow ; lane north east from Little Eaton. 

T2. Sandstone rocks by the pathway from Sandiacre to Stanton. 

J. barbata Sckreb. Lophozia Dum. 

On shady rocks and banks. Rather rare. 

First record, Engl. Bot. {B. Teesdale, 1788), 1813. J. quinqioedentata. 

L. Ravensdale, near Wardlow Mires ; in grass above Monyash, 1000 feet. 

Gl. Grinah Stones, Bleaklow Hill; Hogshaw Lane, Buxton; Crowden, 
Edale. 

G2. Cromford Moor, Engl. Bot. Gardom's Edge, Baslow. 



488 JUNGERMANNIE^. 

J. lycopodioides Wallr. Lophozia Cogn. 
Among rocks or on mountain moors. Rare. 
First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Goyt's Moss; Chinley Hills; Rising Clough, near the Sheffield Road. 
C. Ramsley Moor, above Baslow. 

Var. Floerkii Web. & Mohr. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Ashwood Dale, Hb. Holt. 

Gl. Kinderscout ; Charlesworth Coombs ; near Woodhead, FL Ashton. 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, Hb. Whitehead. Goyt's Moss ; Hollinworth Clough ; R. Sett, 
above Hayfield ; Combes Moss ; William Clough ; Grinds Brook, and Back Tor, 
Edale ; near the Beet, Buxton ; near the Snake Inn ; Jarvis Clough, Ashopton ; 
Axe Edge. 

G2. Bar Brook, above Baslow ; Curbar Edge ; Redcar Brook, above Dore. 

C. Roadside above Unthank. 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason. 

J. minuta Grantz, Biplophyllum Dum. 
Rocks on moorland. Very rare. 
First record. The Naturalist, 1882. 
Gl. Kinderscout, Hh. Holt (1881). Hayfield, Hb. WJiitehead. 

NARDIA Gr. ^' Benn. 

N. iiyalina Cnrr, Junr/ermannia Lyell. Aplozla Dum. 

Moist clay banks. Rare. 

First record, The Natioralist, 1887. 

L. Near Buxton, with fruit, Wilson (1831) in Natt. Probably in Dovedale, 
as it occurs on the Staffordshire side. 
N. obovata Carr. Southbi/a Dum. Jungeyiiiannia Carr. Eucalyx Lindb. 

Damp rocks by mountain streams. Rare. 

First record. The Flora. 

Gl. By R. Sett above Hayfield; below Wild Moor, near the Goyt ; near 
source of a stream which descends from The Edge into Ashop Clough ; Black- 
dean Brook; Birchia Clough, Fairbrook, and R. Ashop, near the Snake Inn ; 
abundant in Grinds Brook, Edale. 

G2. Stream from Stoke Flat, Froggatt. 
N. COmpreSSa Gr. if B. Junocrmnnnia Hook. AUcnlarid G.L.N. 

Mesophylla Dum. 

On rocks in and by mountain streams. Rather rare. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Hb. Whitehead. Carmeadow, near Hayfield, Fl. Ashton. 
Near the head of Crowdeu Brook, 2000 feet ; Wildboar Clough, and near Black 
Clough, Crowden ; Combes Moss ; Goyt's Moss ; Ashop and Birchin Cloughs ; R. 
Westend ; brook south of Nithen End, Buxton. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatswoi-th. 



JUNGERMANNIE^. 489 

N. SCalaris Gr. ^- B. Jungennannia Schrad. Mesophylla Dum. Alicularia 

Corda, 

Moorland slopes, banks and paths in woods, and among rocks. Frequent, 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Fl. Ashton. Edale, with fruit, Hb. Whitehead. Hayfield, 
with fruit, Hb. Holt. Back Tor ; Crowden ; Chinley Hills ; Blackdean Brook ; 
Ashop Clough ; Oyster Clough, and near Snake Inn ; Higher Cliff, Strines ; 
Reeve Edge Quarry, Axe Edge. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; near Higgar Tor, Hathersage ; Froggatt ; Manners 
Wood, Chatsworth ; Harland Edge, Beeley ; quarries between Little Eaton and 
Brackley Gate. 

G. Moor Lawn Wood, Holymoorside ; Unthank ; Brackenfield Green, 

Tl. Edlaston Coppy ; heathery slope by Black Brook, near Mugginton ; 
Shirley Park ; Cross o' th' hands, Hulland Ward ; Bradley Wood. 

T3. Near Burton ; Repton Rocks, Hb. Mason. 

N. silvrettSB (Gottsche). Jungermannia Gottsche. Sarcoscyphns Jack in lit. 
Alicularia minor Limpr. p.p. N. geoscypha v. suberecta Mass. 
Moorland, damp banks. Rare. 
First record. The Flora. 
Gl. Near Grinds Brook, Edale. 

MARSUPBLLA Dum. 

M. emarginata Bum. .Jungermannia Ehrh. Sarcoscyphus Ehrharti Corda. 

Wet rocks, mostly by streams. Not uncommon. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

Gl. Kinderscout, Hb. Holt. Woodhead, Hb. Whitehead. Crowden Head, 
near Hayfield; near Edale Head; by the Roych, Chapel; Goyt's Moss; Combes 
Moss ; Ashop Clough ; Blackdean Brook, near the Snake Inn ; Wildboar Clough, 
Crowden ; near Ladybower Inn, Ashopton. 

G2. Bar Brook, near Baslow. 

FOSSOMBRONIA Raddi. 

F. pusilla Bum. Jungermannia L. 

Damp clay fallows, moist banks, woods. Frequent. 

First records, Holt MS., 1896; M.E.C. Bep., 1900. 

L. Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; lower part of Monk's Dale. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood (?), Hb. Holt. 

G2. Between Curbar and Froggatt ; Birchill Bank Wood, Baslow ; New 
Piece Wood, Chatsworth. 

C. Walton Wood, near Chesterfield; Millthorpe ; Linacre Wood, and near 
Bagthorpe Farm, Old Brampton ; Moor Lawn Wood, and Nether Loads, Holy- 
moorside ; Great Pond, Wingerworth ; Alfreton Brook. 

P. Langwith Wood. 

Tl. Near Bradley Park Farm, and near Hole-in-the-Wall, Bradley ; fallows 
near the Hollies Farm, Yeldersley ; Shirley ; near Cascus and Burton Sluts, 
Brailsford ; pondside near the Hall Farm, Ednaston ; by Hulland Moss. 



440 JUNGERMANNIEa;. 

BLASIA Mich. 
B. pusilla -£. Jungermannla hlasxa Hook. 
Sandy fields, banks, &c. Rare. 
First record, JV.H. Tuih., 1863. 

Gl. Banks near Castleton, with fruit, Hh. Wliitehead. 
T3. Newton Solney Lane, N.H. Tutb. 

PBLLIA liaddi. 
P. epiphylla Corda. Jungermannia L. 

Ditchsides, damp places, woods, ascending to high levels. Common. 

First record, Gem of the Peak, 1840. 

L. Dovedale. 

Gl. Ashop Clough, and near Blackdean Brook ; Grinds Brook, Edale. 

G2. Hall Dale, Rowsley ; Littlemoor Wood, Dethick. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Hulland Moss ; bog below Bradley Wood ; 
Shirley Brook ; Edlaston Coppy. 

T2. Damp rocks in woods south of Dale. 

T3. Repton Shrubs and Rocks, Hh. Mason. Anchor Church, Bindley. 

P. Neesiana Gotuche. 

Wet boggy places, by mountain rivulets. Rare, 

First record, The Flora. 

Gl. Grinds Brook, Edale, and by stream under Back Tor. 

G2. Moorland west of Whitedge Moor, Padley, 
p. endivisBfolia Bichs. r. calycina Nees. Jungermannia Mack. 

Wet places, bogs, by streams. Not uncommon. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Ashwood Dale ; Ravensdale, in both with fruit, Hb. Holt. Taddington 
Dale ; Via Gellia ; Monk's Dale ; Conies Dale, Peak Forest. 

Gl. Stirrup Wood, Fl. Ashton. Grinds Brook, Edale; Blackdean Brook; 
Ashop Clough. 

G2. Cromford, nb. Mason (?). Moor near " Surprise View," Hathersage, 
Carr. Froggatt ; Harland Edge, Beeley ; Hall Dale, Rowsley ; Whatstandwell. 

P. Poulter Brook, Langwith Wood (named by M.B. Slater) ; Markland 
Grips, 

Tl. Mickleover; Radbourn, Bindley. Shirley Park; Black Brook, Mug- 
ginton ; bog below Bradley Wood ; Hulland Moss. 

ANEURA Du>n. 
A. multifida Bum. Jungermannia L. 

On moist clay fallows, damp banks. Frequent, 

First record, The Flora. 

L. Monk's Dale ; Lathkil Dale ; Back Dale, near Hindlow. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; by pond in Chatsworth Park ; below Sheriti 
Wood, Grindleford. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne. 



JUNGERMANNIE.E. 441 

Tl. Mickleover, Bmclley. Bog below Bi-adley Wood ; limequarries, Snelston 
Common ; by Brailsford Brook ; between Rodsley and Wyaston ; near Tinker's 
Inn, Clifton ; near Findero, by the canal. 

A ■ anibrosioid.es {yees). A umltifida var. ambrosioides Nees. 
Wet places among rocks and moss. Rare. 
First record, RoU MS., 1896. 

Gl. Hayfield, Hb. Holt. Grinds Brook, Edale, abundant. 
G2. Eyam Moor, and a giant aquatic form in the sich on the north side. 
Tl. HuUand Moss, abundant. 

A . sinuata Dicks. A. pimmtijida Nees. Jungermannia Nees. 

Wet vertical rocks, dripping banks. Rare. 

First records, Holt MS., 1896 ; M.E.G. Bep., 1900. 

Gl. William Clough ; Fairbrook, Woodlands ; wet streamy slope near 
Crowden Station ; under Raven Tor, Beeley ; cascade in stream, Froggatt Edge 
M.E.G. Bep. 

A , pinguis Bum. Jungermannia L. 

Moist soil among grass, moss, and in bogs. Not uncommon. 

First record, M.E.G. Bep., 1900. 

L. Massou Hill, Matlock Bath ; in wet moss at the top of Cressbrook Dale, 
near Wardlow Mires ; Monk's Dale ; Ash wood Dale ; north base of Harper Hill ; 
Madge Boose, near Kniveton ; old quarry on Fairfield Common. 

Gl. Dimpus Clough, near Chinley ; Grinds Brook, and Crowden Brook, 
Edale ; Jaggers Clough ; by Ashop River, Woodlands ; roadside rocks above 
Slackhall, Chapel. 

G2. Bar Brook, Baslow ; Harper Lees, Hathersage ; Eyam Moor ; Hipper 
Sick, East Moor ; cascade in the stream, Froggatt Edge ; between Whatstandwell 
and Cromford, 

C. Greaves Piece, near the Peacock Inn. 

P. Quarry near Whitwell Station. 

Tl. Clay fallows at Yeldersley, and near Tinker's Inn, Clifton ; near 
Spinnyford Brook, HuUand, and Hulland Moss. 

T3. Repton Rocks. 

Var. denticulata Nees. 

Mostly in limestone districts. Holt MS., 1896. 
L. Miller's Dale (1882) ; Castleton, Hb. Holt, 
Gl. Mellor, Hb. Holt. 
T3. Repton Rocks, Hb. Mason. 

METZGBRIA Jicddi. 

M. pubeSCenS Eaddi. Jungermannia Schrank. 
Shady limestone rocks. Not uncommon. 
First record, Eng. But. Suppt., ii. 1834. 



442 JUNGERMANNIE^. MARCHANTIACE^. 

L. Shady limestone rocks near Buxton, Wilson (May, 1831) in E.B. 
Castleton ; Miller's Dale, Hb. Whitehead. Chee Dale ; Ravensdale, Hb. Holt. 
Conies Dale, Peak Forest; Hartle Dale, Bradwell ; Ashford; Dovedale; Bras- 
sington Rocks. 

P. Markland Grips, Clowne; Cresswell Cragsi 

M. furcata Bum. Jungermannia L. 

Tree trunks and rocks. Frequent, 

First record, Rolt MS., 1896. 

L. Chee Dale ; Miller's Dale, Hb. Whitehead. Ravensdale, Hb. Holt. 
Monk's Dale ; Great Shacklow Wood ; Great Rocks Dale ; between Monyash and 
Sheldon ; Dovedale. 

G2. Harper Lees, Hathersage ; woods, Grindleford, 

P. Cresswell Crags; Markland Grips. 

Tl. By the Henmoor Brook, at Corley ; Peathays, Shirley, and by the 
water-wheel in Shirley Park. 



SUB-ORDER II. MARCHANTIACEyt. 

MARCHANTIA Mich. 
M. polymorpha L. 

Marshes, ditchsides, damp shady rocks. Frequent. 

First record, Fl. Ashton, 1888. 

L. Near Tideswell, Hb. Whitehead, Ravensdale ; Monsal Dale, Hb. Holt. 
Cales Dale ; Dovedale. 

Gl. Frequent about Mellor, Fl. Ashton. Common about Fernilee and 
neighbourhood. Barker. HoUinworth Clough, above Hayfield ; Fairbrook, near 
the Snake Inn ; near Lady Bower Inn, Ashopton. 

G2. Alton, Hb. Mason. Umberley Brook, East Moor. 

Tl, Mickleover ; Findern, Bindley. Shirley Brook ; marshy ground by the 
canal below Findern. 

T2. Canal bank near Chaddesden, and below Osmaston ; Risley. 

T3. Stapenhill, Hb. Mason. Anchor Church, Bindley. Sharp's Bottom, 
Hartshorn. 

FEGATELLA Haddi. 

p. COnica Raddi. Marchantia L. Conocephalus Necker. 

Ditchsides, shady rocks and banks, Not uncommon. 

First record. Holt MS., 1896, 

L, Barren plants frequent by R. Wye ; Ashwood Dale, with fruit ; Monsal 
Dale, Hb. Holt. Monk's Dale ; Wensley Dale, near Snitterton ; Dovedale ; 
Lover's Leap. 

Gl. Grinds Brook, Edale ; William Clough ; brook above Wash, Chapel. 

C. Nether Loads, Holymoorside. 

P, Markland Grips, near Clowne ; woods near Scarcliffe, 



MARCHANTIACE^. RICCIACEJE. 443 

Tl. Blackwood, Mickleover, Bindley, 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason. Anchor Church, Bindley. Sharp's Bottom, 
Hartshorn. 

REBOULIA Raddi. 

R. hemisphserica Raddi. JlarchanUa L. Asterella P. Beauv. 

Shady rocks, preferring limestone, occasionally on sandstone. Frequent. 

First record, N.H. Tutb., 1863. 

L. Castleton, with fruit; Miller's Dale, Hb. Whitehead. Dovedale, N.H. 
Tutb. Diamond Hill ; Deep Dale, and Great Eocks Dale, near Buxton, with 
fruit; near Ashford; Cressbrook ; near Bradwell ; Wensley Dale, near Snitterton ; 
Back Dale, and Dowel Dale, near Hindlow. 

P. Markland Grips, near Clowne. 

T2. Sandstone rock in a lane north of the church, Sandiacre. 

PRBISSIA ^'ees. 
P. COmmutata ^ecs. Marchantia Lindb. 

On rocks and banks, preferring limestone. Rather rare. 

First record. The Naturalist, 1882. 

L. Ash wood Dale ; Ravensdale ; male plant plentiful on a heap of cinders 
in Ashwood Dale, Hb. Holt. Ghee Dale, NatK [Perrin). 

T3. Near Burton, Hb. Mason. 

LUNULARIA Mich. 

L. vulgaris Mick. 

Bare soil, damp rocks and walls. Frequent. 

First record. The Flora. 

L. Matlock Bath; Lathkil Dale. 

GI. By Bank Hall, Chapel. 

G2. Umberley Brook, near Chatsworth; Stoke Hall, Grindleford. 

Tl. Damp soil near the waterwheel, Shirley Park, and in gardens, Shirley. 

TARGIONIA Mich. 
T. hypophylla L. 

Limestone rocks. Rare. 

First record, M.E.C. Bep., 1900. j 

L. Upper rocks north of Reynard's Cave, Dovedale. 



SUB-ORDER III. RICCIACE/E. 

RICCIA Mic/K 
R. sorocarpa Bisch. 

On earth among rocks; sandy fields. Rare.1 

Fii-st record. Holt MS., 1896. 

L. Miller's Dale, Hbb. Pearson and Holt. 

R. glauca i. 

Among rocks on limestone ; sandy fields. Common. 



444 ANTHOCEBOTACE^. CHARACE^. 

First record, Fl. AsMon, 1888. 

L. Chee Dale, Hhh, Pearson and Wliitehead (1879). Miller's Dale ; fallow- 
fleld, Chee Tor, Hb. Holt. Monsal Dale; Monk's Dale; Cressbrook ; Dimmins- 
dale, Ashford ; Great Rocks Dale ; Back Dale, near Hindlow ; Conies Dale, 
Peak Forest ; Via Gellia ; Dovedale. 

Gl. Stirrup "Wood, Fl. Ashton. 

Tl. Mickleover, Bindley. Ravensdale Park, Mugginton ; cart track from 
Shuckston Manor to HuUand Ward ; near Bradley Park Farm ; fallows near 
Cockshuthill Farm, Weston-under-Wood; fallows west of Allestree Park; near 
Shirley Park; in and about the Holt, Edlaston ; near Pool Head, Brailsford. 

RICCIELLA Brmm. 
R. fluitans L. 

Floating in pools. Rare. 
First record. The Flora, 
Tl. Abundant in a pond between Meynell Langley and Kedleston Park. 



SUB-ORDER IV. ANTHOCEROTACE/E. 

ANTHOCEROS Muh. 
A. punctatus L. 

Moist sandy or marly places, ditchbanks, quarries. Very rare. 
First record. The Flora. 

G2. At the foot of vertical rocks in quarries between Little Eaton and 
Brackley Gate. 



ALG>€. 

CHARACE/E. 

CHARA L. 
C. fragilis Besv. 

Native. Pools, rivers, ditches. Rather rare. P. June-July. 

Records, B.L. Bee, 1884-6, 113, "Derby, 1883"; J.B., 1885, 81. 

G2. Canal between Cromford and Whatstandwell, Bailey, B.L. Bee 

C. Ponds, Sutton Scarsdale. 

Tl. Marsh by the railway below Findern. 

T2. Pool south of Trent Station. 

C. hispida L. 

Native. Pools, rivers. Very rare. P. June-Sept. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Wardlow, Searle, CD. 

T2. Bretby Ponds, Nowers (1883). Drakelow, N.H. Tuth. 



CHARACE^. 445 

C. vulgaris L. 

Native. Ponds, ditches, canals. Frequent. P. June-Aug. 

First record, Glover, 1829. 

L. Near Cressbrook Dale, Searle, CD. Monsal Dale, Bailei/, CD. Mat- 
lock, Levinge. Lode Mill, Dovedale, Purchas. Lathkil Dale, near Youlgreave ;, 
pools opposite Great Shacklow Wood ; Brough. 

C. Canal near Killamarsh ; Pebley Pond. 

P. Harlesthorpe, near Clowne ; near The Walls, Whitwell. 

Tl. Swamp near the river, Marston-on-Dove ; Radbourn. 

T2. Canal below Chellaston. 

T3. Ponds, Ticknall Lime Works, Blnxatn. Canal near Egginton. 

Var. loncjibmcteata Kuetz. "Derby, 1882, Blow,'" Groves, J.B., 1884, 3. 

L. Monk's Dale, Searle, CD. Brook near Royal Hotel, Matlock Bath^ 
Bailey, CD. Monsal Dale, in the stream, Miss Armitage. 

Var. papillata Wallr. 

L. Pond at the top of Ashbourne Green, /. H. & J. Groves. 

V(ir. crassicauUs Kuetz. 

L. Monsal Dale, Pullinger in J.B., 1885, 82. 

TOLYPBLLA Lconh. 
T. glomerata Leonh. 

Native. Ponds, ditches. Very rare. A. April-May. 
First found, W. B. Linton, 1900. 
P. Ponds, Langwith Wood. 

NITELLA Agardh. 

N. Opaca Agardh. 

Native. Pools, streams, .canals. Rare, P. May-June. 

First found, Purchas, 1862 {J.B., 1883, 22) ; record, N.H. Tilth., 1863. 

L. In the brook near Brough. 

Gl. Chapel Reservoir. 

G2. R. Amber, Ashover, Bailey, B.L. Bee. At the foot of the Cascade, in 
the Rock Gardens, Chatsworth, Purchas. 

T2. Canal below Chellaston. 

T3. Ticknall, N.H. Tuth. {N. flexilis L.). 



446 



INDEX I. 

{Introduction, Genera, lyrincipal English names. 



PAGE 

Acer 98 

Achillea 182 

Aconite 55 

Aconitxim 56 

Acorus 286 

Adder's Tongue 332 

Adonis 48 

Adoxa 167 

^gopodinna 160 

^thusa 163 

Agrimonia 133 

Agrimony 133 

Agropyron 322 

Agrostis 308 

Aira 309 

Ajuga 246 

Alchemilla 132 

Alder 260 

Alisnia 287 

Alismacese 287 

Allium 277 

All-seed 249 

Alnus 260 

Alopecurus 306 

Alsine 83 

Alyssum 65 

Amaranthus 248 

Amaryllidese 275 

American Cress 63 

Amsinckia 220 

Anacliaris 268 

Anagallis 211 

Anchusa 217 

Andromeda 207 

Anemone 48 

Angelica 164 

Antennaria 179 

Anthemis 182 

Anthoxanthum 306 

Anthriscus 162 

Anthyllis 106 

Antirrhinum 225 

Apera 309 

Apium 158 

Apocynacese 213 

Aquilegia 55 

Arabis 63 

Araliacese 166 

Arctium 189 

Arctostaphylos 207 

Arenaria 83 

Aroideje 285 

Arrhenatherum 312 

Arrow-grass 288 

Arrow-head 287 

Artemisia 185 

Arum 285 

Arundo 309, 312 



PAGE 

Ash Tree 212 

Aspen 266 

Asperiila 172 

AspUlium 328 

Asplenium 325 

Athyrium 327 

Atriplex 250 

Atropa 222 

Avena 311 

Avens 129 

Ballota 246 

Barbarea 62 

Barberry 56 

Barley 323 

Bartsia 231 

Basil Thyme 240 

Bear Berry 207 

Bedstraw 169 

Bee Orchis 272 

Beech 261 

Beech Fern 332 

Bell Flower 204 

Bellis 178 

Bent Grass 308 

Berberideee 56 

Berberis 56 

Betonica 242 

Betiila 259 

Bidens 181 

Bilberry 206 

Bindweed 220 

Birch 259 

Bird Cherry 112 

Birds-foot 107 

Birds-foot Trefoil 107 

Bird's-nest Orchis 268 

Bistort 258 

Bitter Cress 63 

Blackberry 114 

Black Bindweed 251 

Black Bryony 276 

Black Horehound 246 

Blackstonia 213 

Blackthorn Ill 

Bladder Fern 328 

Wort 234 

Blechnum 325 

Bluebell 279 

Blue Flea Bane 179 

Blysnms 294 

Bog Asphodel 280 

Bog Bean 215 

Bog Rush 295 

Borage 217 

Boraginese 216 

Borago 217 



INDEX. 



447 



PAOB 

Botrychium 333 

Box 257 

Brachypodium 321 

Bracken 325 

Bramble) 114 

Brassica 68 

Briza 314 

Brome Grass 319 

Bromus 319 

Brook-lime 229 

Brook- weed 212 

Broom 100 

Broom-rape 233 

Brunella 241 

Bryonia 156 

Buckbean 215 

Buck's-horn Plantain 248 

Buck-thorn 97 

Buck-wheat 253 

Buda 86 

Bugle 246 

Bugloss 217 

Bullace Ill 

Bull Rnsh 294 

Bunium 161 

Biirdock 189 

Bur Marigold 181 

Burnet 133 

Burnet Saxifrage 160 

Bur Reed 285 

Bursa 70 

Butcher's Broom 277 

Butomus 287 

Butterbiir 186 

Buttercup . . 53 

Butterfly Orchis 274 

Butterwort 234 

Buxus 257 

Calamagrostis 309 

Calamint 240 

Calamintha 239 

Callitriche 150 

Calluna .. .. 207 

Caltha 54 

Calystegia 220 

Camelina 68 

Campanula 204 

Campaniilacese 203 

Campion 78 

Canary Grass 306 

Canadian Water Thyme . . . ■ 268 

Candy Tuft 71 

Cannabis 258 

Caprif oliaceae 167 

Capsella 70 

Cardamine 63 

Carduus 189 

Carex 296 

Carlina 188 

Carline Thistle 188 

Carpinus 260 

Carrot 165 

Carum 159 

Caryophyllese 78 

Castalia . . .- 57 

Castanea 261 

Catabrosa 314 

Catch Fly 79 

Cat Mint 240 

Cat's Ear 200 

Cat's Tail grass 307 

Caucalis 166 



PAGE 

Celandine 54, 58 

Celastrinese 97 

Celery 158 

Centaurea 192 

Centaury 213 

Centranthus 174 

Cephalanthera 269 

Cerastium 80 

Ceratophylleee 267 

Ceratophyllum 267 

Ceterach 327 

Chserophyllum. . .. .. .. 162 

Chamomile 183, 184 

Charlock 68 

Cheiranthus 60 

Chelidonium 58 

Chenopodiacese 249 

Chenopodium 249 

Cherry 112 

Chervil 162 

Chickweed 80, 81 

Chicory 193 

Chlorn 213 

Chrysanthemum 183 

Chrysosplenium 144 

Cichorinm 193 

Cinquefoil 131 

Cireaja 155 

Cistinese 73 

Claytonia 86 

Cleavers 172 

Clematis 47 

Cloudberry 129 

Clover 103 

Club Moss 336 

Club Rush 292 

Cnicus 190 

Cochlearia 67 

Cock's-foot Grass 314 

Codlins and Cream 153 

Cceloglossum 273 

Colchicum 280 

Coltsfoot 186 

Columbine 55 

Comarum 131 

Comfrey 216 

Compositse 177 

Coniferse 324 

Conium 158 

Conopodium 161 

Convallaria 277 

Convolvulacese 220 

Convolviilus 221 

Coralwort 65 

Cornacese 167 

Corn Cockle 80 

Corn Flower 193 

Corn Marigold 183 

Cornus 167 

Coronopiis 70 

Corydalis 59 

Corylus 260 

Cotton Grass 295 

Cotton Thistle 191 

Cotyledon 147 

Couch Grass 322 

Cow Parsnep 165 

Cow Wheat 232 

Cowslip 210 

Crab Apple 142 

Cranberry 207 

Crane's-bill 93 

Crassulacese 147 

Crataegus 142 



448 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Creeping Jenny 210 

Crepis 194 

Crociis '■'y' 

Ci-osswort 1°9 

Crow Berry 267 

Crowfoot 51 

C!ruciferffi 60 

Cryptogramme 325 

Ckickoo Flower 64,80 

Cucurbitiicese 156 

Cudweed 179 

Cupuliferse 259 

Currant 146 

Cuscuta 221 

Cynoglossum 216 

Cynosiirus 313 

Cyperacese 292 

Cypripediiim 274 

Cystopteris 328 

Cytisus lOiJ 

Dactylis 314 

Daffodil 275 

Daisy 1' 8 

Dame's Violet 67 

Dandelion 200 

Daphne 255 

Darnel 321 

Datura 222 

Daucus 165 

Dead Nettle 245 

Deadly Nightshade 222 

Delphinium 56 

Dentaria 65 

Deschampsia 310 

Devil's-bit Scabious 176 

Dewberry 127 

Dianthus '8 

Digitalis 227 

Pigraphis 306 

Dioscorese 276 

Diplotaxis 70 

DipsaceBB 176 

Dipsacus 176 

Dittander 72 

Dock . . 254 

Dodder 221 

Dog Mercury 257 

Dog Rose 137 

Dog Wood 167 

Dog's Tail grass 313 

Doronicuni 187 

Draba 65 

Dropwort 113 

Drosera 149 

Droseracese 149 

Dryas 129 

Duckweed 286 

Dyer's Green Weed 99 

Dyer's Weed 73 

Echium 220 

Elder 168 

Eleocharis 292 

Elm 258 

Elodea 268 

Ehmus 223 

Empetracese 267 

Empetruin 267 

Enchanter's Nightshade . . • • 155 

End]imion 279 

Epiiobium 152 









PAGE 


Epipactis 






269 


Equisetacese 






. . 333 


Kquisetum 






. . 333 


Eranthis 






65 


Erica 






. . 208 


Ericacese 






. . 207 


Erigeron 






. . . 179 


Eriophorum 






. . . 295 


Erodiiini 






. .. 96 


Erophila 






. .. 66 


Erysimum 






68 


Erythrsea 






213 


Euonymus 






97 


Eupatorium 






. . . 177 


Euphorbia 






. . 256 


Euphorbiacese . . 






. . . 256 


Euphrasia 






. . . 230 


Evening Primrose . 






. . . 155 


Eyebright 






. . 230 


Fagopyron 




. . 253 


Fagus 






261 


False Brome Grass . 






. . 321 


False Oat Grass 






. . 312 


Fat Hen 






. . 250 


Ferns 






. . . 325 


Fescue Grass . . 






. . . 317 


Festuca 






. . . 317 


Feverfew 






. . 184 


Field Madder . . 






. . . 173 


Figwort 






. . . 226 


Filago 






. . . 179 


Filices 






. . 325 


Flax 






93 


Fleabane 






179, 181 


Flix Weed . . . 






. . . 68 


Flote Grass 






. . . 316 


Flowering Rush 






. . . 287 


Flv Orchis 






. . 273 


Fcenicuhim 






. . 162 


Fool's Parsley . . 






. . 163 


Forget-me-not . . 






. . . 218 


Foxglove 






. . . 227 


Fox-tail Grass . . 






.. 306 


Fragaria 






. . 130 


Fraxinus 






. . 212 


Frog Orchis 






. . . 273 


Fumaria 






. .. 60 


Funiariaceae 






. .. 59 


Fumitory 






59, 6a 


Furze 






. . . 100 


Gagea 279 


Galanthus 






. . 276 


Galeopsis 






. . 243 


Galium 






. . 169 


Garlic 






. . . 277 


Genista 






. . . 99 


Gentian 






. . 214 


Gentiana 






. . 214 


Gentianere 






. . . 213 


Geranium ... 






. . . 93 


Geraniacese 






. .. 93 


Geum 






. . 129 


Gipsy Wort 






. . 238 


OUrhowa 






. . 241 


Globe Flower . . 






54 


Glyceria 






. . 316 


Gnaphalium . . 






. . 180 


Goat's Beard . . 






. . 202 


Golden Rod . . . 






. . . 178 


Golden Saxifrage 






. . . 144 



Goldilocks.. 
Gold of Pleasure 
Gooseberry 
Gocsefoot . . 
Goose Grass 
Gorse . . 
Goutweed . . 
Gramineae . 
Grass of Parnassus 
Grasses 

Greater Broomrape 
Greater Celandine 
Gromwell . . 
Ground Ivy 
Groundsel . . 
Guelder Rose 
Gijmnadenia 



Habenaria 

Hair Grass 

Haloragese 

Hard Fern 

Harebell . . 

Hart's Tongue Fern 

Hawk Bit 

Hawk Weed 

Hawk Weed Ox 

Hawk's Beard . . 

Hawthorn . . 

Hazel 

Heath 

Heather . . 

Hedera 

Hedge Stonewort 

Hedysarum . . 

Helianthemum 

Hellebore . . 

Helleborine 

Helleborus 

Helminthia . 

Helosciaduiii 

Hemlock . . 

Hemp 

Hemp Agrimony 

Hemp Nettle .. 

Henbane 

Henbit 

Heracleum 

Herb Bennett . . 

Herb Paris 

Herb Robert 

Herniaria . . 

Hesperis . . 

Hieracium 

Hippocrepis 

Hippuris . . 

Hog Weed 

Holcus 

Holly 

Honeysuckle 

Hop 

Hordeiim . . 
Hornbeam 
Hornwort . . 
Horse Radi.sh . . 
Horse Shoe Vetch 
Horsetail . . 
Hottonia . . 
Hound's Tongrue 
House Leek 
Humulus . . 
Hutchinsia 
Hyacinthus . . 



Tongue 



INDEX. 


PACK 




52 


Hydrocharidese 


68 


Hydrocotyle 


145 


Hyoscyamus . . 


249 


HypericinesB . . 


172 


Hypericum 


100 


Hypochoeris 


160 


Hypopitys.. 


306 




145 




306 


Iberis 


233 


Hex 


58 


Ilicinese . . 


220 


Illecebraceae . . 


241 


Impatiens . . 


187 


Inula 


168 


Iridese 


273 


Iris 




Isatis 




Inolepis 


273 


Ivy 


309 




149 




325 


Jacob's Ladder. . 


205 


Jasione 


328 


Juncacese . . 


200 


Juncus 


195 


Juniper . . 


194 


Juniperus . . 


195 




142 




260 


Kidney Vetch . . 


203 


Knap Weed 


207 


Knawel 


166 


Knot Grass 


159 


Knout Berry . . 


108 


Kceleria . . 


73 




55 




269 


Labiatse . . 


55 


Lactuca . . 


194 


Lady Fern.. 


158 


Lady's Fingers . . 


158 


Lady's Mantle . . 


258 


Ladies' Tresses 


177 


Lady's Slipper . . 


243 


Lamb's Lettuce 


222 


Lamium 


244 


Ijapsana . . 


165 


Larkspur . . 


129 


Lastrsea 


280 


Lathrsea . . 


96 


Lathyrus . . 


248 


Leguminosse 


67 


Lemna 


195 


Lemnacese 


108 


Lentibulariese . . 


149 


Leontodon 


165 


Leonurus . . 


311 


Leopard's Bane 


97 


Lepidium . . 


169 


Lettuce . . 


258 


Ligustrum 


323 


Liliaceae . . 


260 


Lily of the Valley 


267 


Lime 


67 


Limestone Fern 


108 


Limosella . . 


333 


Linaria 


209 


Linese 


216 


Liug 


148 


Linum 


258 


Listera 


72 


Lithospermum . . 


279 


Littorella .. 



Ud 



450 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

321 

Loliuni 025 

Loniaria , , „ 

London Pride j*^ 

Lonicera ^ '„ 

Loose-strife " 

Loranthacete 5^" 

Lords and Ladies -»^ 

Lotus 001 

Louse wort ^^„ 

Lungwort 

Luzuia „Q 

Lyelinis „,, 

Lycium _ oor 

Lycopodiaeeas . . °^^ 

Lycopodiiim ^^^ 

Lycopsis 238 

Lycopus .. Q 

Lvsmiachia f'^" 

Lvthrarieffi :r^.^ 

Lythrum '■^^ 



Madder ^^ 

Malachium .. 

Male Fern ^f 

Mallow Q^ 

Malva ^^ 

Malvaceae "" 

Maple ,. ^^ 

Mare's Tail [^ 

Mariana . . • • „^^ 

Marjoram.. „^° 

Marrubium ■• ^*^ 

Marsh Marigold °* 

Mat Grass ^^^ 

Matricaria ^'* 

Meadow Clary • ■ • ■ • • ' ' 7^ 

Meadow Rue .. *' 

Meadow Saffron -ou 

Meadow Sweet ^^^ 

Meconopsis f° 

Medic .. •• \% 

Medicago .. ■■ ^% 

Melampyrum ■• -^- 

Melica •• ■• %\l 

Melic Grass ^^* 

Melilot XfY^ 

Melilotus l^t 

Melittis 5„- 

Mentha .. ■• if. 

Menyanthes j/f 

Mercurialis ^^' 

Mezereon .. „2 

Se^"'. :: :: :: :: ^^j^ 

Milium ■^Iji 

Milkwort . . • • „' - 

Millet Grass ft 

Mimulus 235 

Mint ■ ,,(, 

Mistletoe .. f.\ 

Molinia ^^^ 

Mcenchia „.,. 

Moneywort . . i}„ 

Monkey Flower ^f 

Monkshood „^° 

Monks Rhubarb f^ 

Monotropa ^^q 

Monotropese gg 

Montia „„„ 

Moonwort.. .. f^ 

Mo.schatol ^\' 

Motherwort ■ . • • , ■ • • " on 

Mouse Ear Chickweed »u 



Mousetail 

Mountain Ash . . 
Mountain Avens .. 
Mountain Pepperwort 

Mudwort 

Mugwort 

Mullein 

Mustard 

Myagrum . . 

Myosotis 

Myosurus 

Myrica 

Myrrhis 

Myriophyllum . . 



Naiadacese 

Narcissus . . 

Nardus 

Narthecium 

Nasturtium 

Navelwort 

Neckcria . . 

Needle Furze 

Neottia 

Nepeta 

Neyhrodium 

Nettle 

Nightshade 

Nipplewort 

Nymphsea 

Nymphseacese 



141 
129 

72 
226 
186 
222 
"69 

68 
217 

48 
259 
161 
149 



288 

275 

322 

280 

60 

147 

59 

99 

268 

240 

330 

258 

221 

194 

56 

56 



Oak 260 

Oak Fern |3l 

Oat Grass %^\ 

Odontites f^^^ 

CEnanthe Vl% 

CEnothera ^^° 

Old Man's Beard f 

Oleacese iti. 

Onagrarieae 1:°^ 

Onobrychis 1^° 

Ononis 101 

Onopordon ^°i. 

Ophioglossum ^^| 

Oraciie ' ' o«o 

Orchidea; .. %^^ 

Orchis ill 

Origanum ■570 

Ornithogalum f '^ 

Ornithopus ]^' 

Orobanchaceee -^^ 

Orobanche '-^^ 

Orohua :J^„ 

Orpine }*' 

Osmunda %l% 

Osier ^6^ 

Oxalis ■ aVo 

Ox Eye Daisy i**** 

Pansy ^^ 

Papaver °L 

Papaveracese " <iJa 

Parietaria f^^ 

Paris \f, 

Parnassia , ;„ 

Par.sley 1|^ 

Parsley Fern ^f 

Parsnep \^° 

Pea "* 



451 



l-AGE 

Pear 142 

Pearlwort 84 

Pedieularis 231 

Penny Cress 71 

Pennyroyal 238 

Penny^yort 157 

Peplis 151 

Peppermint 235 

Pepperwort . . •. 70 

Periwinkle 213 

Persicaria 252 

Petasites 186 

Peucedanmn 165 

Phalaris 306 

Pheasant's Eye 48 

Phegopteris 331 

Phleum 307 

Phragmites 312 

Picris 194 

Pig-nut 161 

Pimpernel.. 211 

Pimpinella 160 

Pinguicula 234 

Pink 78 

Pinus 324 

Plantaginese 247 

Plantago 247 

Plantain 247 

Ploughman's Spikenard 180 

Plum 112 

Poa 315 

Polemoniacese 215 

Polemonium 215 

Polygala 77 

Polygaleae 77 

Polygonaceee 251 

Polygonum 251 

Polygonatum 277 

Polypodium 331 

Polypody 331 

Polystichum 328 

Pond-weed 288 

Poplar 266 

Poppy 57 

PopuliLS 266 

Portiilacese 86 

Potamogeton 288 

PotentiUa 130 

Poterium 133 

Primrose 209 

Primula 209 

Primiilaceffi 209 

Privet 212 

Prunella 241 

Primus Ill 

Pteris .. 325 

Piilicaria 181 

Pulmonaria 217 

Purple Loose-.strife 152 

Purple Melic Grass 313 

Pyrola 208 

Pyrus 141 



Quaking Grass 
Quercus 



314 
260 



Radish 72 

Ragged Robin 80 

Ragwort 188 

Ramsons 278 

Ranuneulaceae 47 

Ranunculus 48 

Rape 68 



Raphanus . . 
Raspberry 
Red Valerian . , 

Reed 

Reed Grass 
Reed Mace 
Reseda 
Resedacese 
Restharrow 
Rhanmese . . 
Rhamnus . . 
Rhinanthus 
Rib Grass . . 

Ribes 

Rock Cress 
Rock Rose 

Ro.sa 

Rosaceae . . 

Rose 

Rose Bay . . 

Rose of Sharon 

Royal Fern 

Rubia 

Rubiaceee . . 

Riibus 

Rumex 

Riipturewort . . 

Ruscus 

Rush 



113 
174 
312 
306 
2S4 
72 
72 
101 
97 
97 
232 
247 
145 
63 
73 
134 
111 
134 
152 
87 
332 
169 
169 
113 
253 
248 
277 
281 



Sagina 84 

Sagittaria 287 

Salicinese 262 

Salix 262 

Sallow 264 

Salsify 203 

Salvia 240 

Sambucus 168 

Samolus 212 

Sandwort 83, 86 

Sanguisorba 134 

Sanicula 157 

Sapindacese 98 

Saponaria 78 

Sarothamnus 100 

Saw Wort 192 

Saxifraga 143 

Saxifrage .143 

Saxifragese . . 143 

Scabiosa 176 

Scabious 177 

Scaly Spleenwort 327 

Scandix 162 

Schoenus 295 

Schollera 207 

Scilla 279 

Scirpus . . . . . . .293 

Scleranthus 248 

Sclerochloa 317 

Scolopendrium 328 

Scorpion Gra.ss 218 

Scotch Fir 324 

Scrophularia 225 

Scrophularinese 222 

Scurvy Grass 67 

Scutellaria 241 

Sedge 296 

Sedum 147 

Selaginella 336 

Selaginellacese 336 

Self Heal 241 

Sempervivum 148 

Sencbiera 70 

Senecio 187 



452 



PAGE 

Serratula 192 

Setaria 306 

Sheep's Scabious fUd 

Shepherd's Needle . . ■ ■ „, 

Shepherd s Purse 70 

Sherardia • • ■ lH 

Shield Fern 3^° 

Sieglingia fi- 

Silaus 10* 

Silene •• 78 

Silver Weed }f}- 

Silybum 192 

Sinapis o^ 

Sison 1^9 

Sisymbrium o7 

Slum 1^9 

Skull Cap 241 

Sloe .. Ill 

Snakeweed ^°^ 

Snapdragon ^^^ 

Sneezewort i°^ 

Snowdrop ^' ^ 

Soapwort 78 

Solanaceie ^■^j- 

Solanum f ^i 

Solidago l'° 

Solomon's Seal £7 

Sonchus 202 

Sorrel 25o 

Sow Thistle 202 

Sparganiuni ^°^ 

Spear Orache . . .- ^50 

Spearwort °± 

Specularia ^^2 

Speedwell 227 

Spergula °^ 

Spergulnria °2 

Spindle Tree 9' 

Spiraea 11^ 

Spiranthes ^^» 

Spleenwort 325 

Spurge . . 25b 

Spurge Laurel ^^° 

Spurrey °| 

Spurwort l' ^ 

Squinancy Wort .. ■• •17^ 

St. John's Wort «7 

Stachys 242 

Stag's Horn Moss 336 

Star of Bethlehem 279 

Stellaria 81 

Stinking May Weed 182 

Stitchwort «1 

Stonecrop 1*8 

Stork's Bill 96 

Strawberry 13U 

Sulphur "Wort 164 

Sundew 149 

Sweet Briar 136 

Sweet Chestnut 261 

Sweet Cicely 161 

Sweet Flag 286 

Sweet Vernal Grass 306 

Sweet Willow 259 

Sycomore . . 98 

Symphytum 216 



Tamils 

Tanacetum 

Tansy 

Taraxacum 

Tare .. 

Taxus 



276 
185 
185 
200 
108 
324 



PAGE 

Tea Plant 221 

Teasel l^*^ 

Teesdalia J'f, 

Teucrium ^*|^ 

Thalictrum *' 

Thistle 1*' 

Thlaspi '1 

Thorn Apple ';■-- 

Thyme -j^a 

Th'ymeleacese '-^^ 

Thymiis 2^9 

Tilia 91 

Tiliacese „91 

Toad Flax 223 

Toriiu 1 

Tormentil 1*' 

Tower Cress J^f 

Tragopogon ■-';- 

Traveller's Joy *' 

Trefoil 1°^ 

Trifolium . . i"^ 

Triglochin f«» 

Trigonella i"^ 

Triodla ^|f 

Trisetum |ii 

Tritinim "';"' 

Trollius ^\ 

Tulip 279 

Tulipa ■^/9 

Turnip y 

Turritis °^ 

Tussilago .. 1^° 

Tutsan f 

T way Blade „• 269 

Twitch ^^^'M, 

Typha If 

TjT)hace8e ^°* 



Ulex .. 

Ulmus 

Umbelliferse 

Urtica 

Urticacese. . 

Utricularia 



100 
257 
157 
258 
257 
234 



Vaccinicse 206 

Vaccinium ^1^° 

Valerian t'Ji 

Valeriana i'| 

Valerianese j^? 

Valerianella ij^ 

Venus' Looking Glass fJ^ 

Verbascum ^-if 

Verbena ir,l 

Verbenacese ^^* 

Veronica ^^' 

Vervain f^n 

Vetch 1?9 

Vetchling . . 11" 

Viburnum 16« 

Vicia 10| 

Vinca ^l^ 

Viola 74 

Violarieee i* 

Violet 4* 

Viper's Bugloss ^-" 

Viscum ^1° 

Volvulus f?g 

Vulpia 31^ 



Wahlenbergia 



204 



453 





PAGE 




PAGE 


Wall Flower 


60 


Willow Herb 


. . . 153 


WallPeUitory 


. 259 


Winter Cress 


. .. 62 


Wall Rocket 


70 


Winter Green 


. . 208 


Wall Rue 


. 326 


Woad 


72 


Wart Cress 


. 70 


Wood Anemone 


. .. 48 


Water Avens 


. 129 


Wood Betony 


. . 242 


Water Betony 


. 225 


Woodbine 


169 


Water Blinks 


. 86 


Wood Pimpernel 


210 


Water Cress 


. 60 


Woodruff 


. . . 172 


Water Dropwort 


. 163 


Wood Rush 


. . . 283 


Water Horsebane 


163 


Wood Sage 


246 


Water Lily 


56 


Wood Sanicie 


. . . 157 


Water Milfoil 


149 


Wood Sorrel 


96 


Water Parsnep 


158 


Woody Nightshade . . 


. . 221 


Water Pepper 


. 252 


Wormwood 


. . 185 


Water Plantain 


. 287 


Woundwort 


. . 242 


Water Purslane 


. 151 


Wych Elm 


. . 258 


Water Starwort 


. 150 






Water Violet 


. 209 






Wayfaring Tree 


. 168 


Yarrow 


. . . 182 


Weasel Snout 


. 245 


Yellow Archangel . . 


. . 245 


Welsh Poppy 


. 58 


Yellow Bird's Nest . . 


. . 209 


White Bryony 


156 


Yellow Oat Grass 


. . 311 


White Horehound 


. 242 


Yellow Rattle 


. . 232 


Whitlow Grass 


,65,66 


Yellow Star of Bethlehem 


. . . 279 


Whortleberry 


. 206 


Yew 


. . . 324 


Wild Basil 


. 239 






Wild Oat 


. 312 






Willow 


262 


ZannicheUia 


. . 292 



454 



INDEX 11. 

{Mossef!, Hepatics, Characece.) 



Acaulon . . 

Alic III aria .. 

Amblyodon 

Amblystegiiim 

Amphoridium 

Andresea . . 

Aneura 

Anisothecimn 

A noectarujium, 

Anomodon 

Anthoceros 

Antiti-ichia 

Aplozia 

Archidium 

AsUrella 

Atrichum 

Aulacoranium 



Barbiila 

Bartraniia 

Bazzania . . 

Blasia 

Blepharostoma 

Blepharozia 

Blindia 

Brachyodus 

Brachythecium 

Breutelia . . 

Bryum 

Camptotliecium 

Canipylopus 

Campy losteleum 

Catharinea 

Cephalozia 

Ceratodon 

Chara 

Chiloscyphus 

Cinclidotus 

Climacium 

Conoce.phalus 

Cryphsea . . 

Ctenidiwn . . 

Cylindrothecium 

Cynodontium . . 



Dichodontium . . 
Dici-anella 
Dicranodontium 
Dicranovveisia . . 
Dicranuni . . 
Didiniiodon . . 
Diphyscium 



PAGE 

364 
438 
3S3 
410 
378 
345 
440 
353 
378 
399 
444 
398 
433 
350 
443 
346 
384 



369 
384 
425 
440 
425 
424 
355 
352 
402 
385 
388 



402 
356 
364 
346 
426 
353 
444 
432 
377 
400 
442 
396 
417 
401 
353 



353 
353 
357 
355 
357 
369 
349 



Diploiihylliim 

Discelhim . . 
Ditriehiiiu 



Encalypta 
Ephemerum 

Evcalyx 
Eucladium . . 
Eurhynchium 



Fegatella . . 
Fissidens . . 
Fontinalis 
Fossombronia 
FruUania . . 
Funaria 



430 
380 
352 



377 
382 
438 
375 
405 



442 
358 
395 
439 
423 
3S3 



Georgia 

G lyphomitrium 

Grimmia . . 

Oymiiocolea 
Gymnocyhe . . 
G ymnostonium 



346 
364 
361 
435 
384 
351, 366, 382 



Hedwigia . . 
Heterocladium 
Honialia . . 
Hiiiiuilotherium . 
Hygrobiella 
Hylocomium . 
Hyoconiium 
Hypnum . . 



Isotheciiini 

Jiingermanuia 

Kantia 



364 

399 
397 
4U1 
428 
420 
4U5 
412 



Leersia 366, 377 

Lejeunia 423 

Lepidozia . . 425 

Leptobryuiii 386 

Leptodontium 373 

Leskea 399 

Leucobryrini 358 

Leucodon 398 



455 



Lophocolea 

Lophozia 



PAGE 

431 
436 



Liinularia . . : . ' 


. 443 


Marchantia 


442 


Marsupella 


. 439 


MesoohtiUa 


. 438 


Metzgeria 


441 


Mnium 


392 


Mollia 


373 


Mylia 


. 432 



Xardia 

Neckera 

Xitella 



Odontoschisma 
Oligotrichum 
Ort}iopyxis . . 
Orthotheciuni 
Orthotrichum 



Pedinophylhini 

Pellia 

Phascuni . . 

Philonotis . . 

Physcomitrella 

Physcomitrium 

Plagiobryiim 

Plagiochila 

Plagiothecium 

Pleurochsete 

Pleuridiiuti 

Pleuropus . . 

Pogonatiim 

Pohlia 

Polytrichum 

Porella 

Porotrichum 

Pottia 

Preissia 



438 
396 
445 



427 
347 
384 
401 
379 



432 
440 
364 
385 
382 
382 
388 
433 
408 
377 
350 
401 
347 
386 
347 
424 
398 
365 
443 



PAGE 

Pterofjonhim 399 

Pterygophyllum 397 

Ptilidfum 424 

Ptychoniitriuni 364 

Pylaisia 401 

Radula 424 

Reboulia 443 

Rhacomitrium 362 

Bhyvcosterjium 406, 407 

Riccia 443 

Ricciella 444 



Scapania . . 

Schistostega 

Scleropodium 

Seligeria . . 

Southbya 

Sphagnum 

Splachnum 

Stereodon 

Swartzia . . 

Systetjium . . 



428 
381 
404 
351 
438 
339 
382 
401, 416 
351 
373 



Targionia 443 

Tetraphlfi . . 346 

TJinmnium 393 

Thuidium 4no 

Tolypella 445 

Tortilla .... .... 366 

Trichocolea 424 

Trichostomum 375 



Ulota 



Webera 
Weissia 



349, 386 
.. 373 



Zygodon 378 



CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS. 



Page 1, line 7 from bottom, for J.G. read G.J. 
,, 7, ,, 6, for Crateagus read Crateegus. 
,, 15, ,, 6, for Elocharis read Eleocharis. 
,, 17, ,, 5 from bottom, for on re((d in. 
,, 19, „ 2, for Mr. read Dr. 

,, 22, ,, 8, and 211, 18 from bottom, for coer read cser-. 
,, 29, ,,11 from bottom, /o>- '■^ Rhacom-'" read '^ Bhacomi-." 
,, 36, ,, 11, and 41, 6 from bottom, for Barbarsea read Barbarea. 
,, 39, ,, 7, and 49, 8 from bottom, for Drouettii read Dronetii. 
,, 42, ,, 16 from bottom, for '■^ Roehleri"" read ■'■'■ Koehleri,'''' and 2 from 

bottom, /or '■^ nemorora''^ read '■'■ nemorosa.'''' 
,, 43, bottom line, /or '■^ Potamogetuni'''' read '■'■ Fotamogeton.'''' 
,, 48, line 6, for Swark.stone read Swarkestone. 
,, 51, ,, 2, add " We.stend Farm, G-'i7>fc." 
,, 53, ,, 6 from bottom, and 165, 13 from bottom, for Boyleston read 

Boylestone. 
,, 57, ,, 2, for L. read L. 
,, 60, after line 7, add " P. Boraei Jord. C. Brockwell Lane, Chesterfield, 

Brabble:' 
,, 64, line 4, 65, 11, and 127, 6, for Ecclesbourne read Ecclesbourn. 
,, 64, ,, 6, for Cauldwell read Cordwell. 

,, 66, ,, 3-4 from bottom, by " tbe type" is meant E. vulgaris. 
,, 68, ,, 17, for Hedge Garlic read Hedge Garlic. 
,, 71, ,, 15 from bottom, for Avenaria read Arenaria. 
,, 74, ,, 11, for Hackenthorp read Hackentborpe. 
,, 81, ,, 20, and 98, 21, for Mos.sbrougb read Mosbrough. 
,, 85, ,, 8, for Bleak read Blake. 
,, 93, ,, 8 from bottom, for phoeum read phseum. 
„ 96, ,, 20 from bottom, for L'HERIT read L'llerit. 
,, 96, ,, 16 from bottom, and 176, 13 from bottom, for Mace- read Mase-. 
,, 97, ,, 10 from bottom, and 106, 6 from bottom, for Steetly read 

Steetley. 
,, 99, ,, 17 from bottom, 203, 13 from bottom, 237, H from bottom, and 

244, 11, for Ladybower read Ladybooth. 
,, 100, ,, 5-6, erase " Normanton — Burton." 
,,106, ,, 9, for Higger read Higgar. 
,, 107, ,, 7, for Corbar read Curbar. 

,, 119, ,, 18, and 124, 7, for Ghamnifield read Channifield. 
,, 119, ,, 7 from bottom, after " Wirkswortb " insert "5. S; N., J.B."" 
,, 120, ,, 11, for pyramidalist read pyramidalis. 
,, 123, ,, 22, dele the line; 9 from bottom, /or Cobnor re«<^ Cobnar. 
,,124, ,, 8 from bottom, for " infecnndas'' read ' 



CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS. 

Page 125, line 22, for Wingersworth read Wingerworth. 
,, 126, ,, 16, for Somersal read Somershall. 

,, 126, ,, 20, 148, 12, and 160, 3 from bottom, /or Lovers' rmr^ Lover 's. 
,, 127, ,, 21, before " Bretby " iimrt " Cauldwell ; " 
,, 131, ,, 18, for Zimm). read Zimm.) 

,, 144, ,, 5, add " Wirksworth, Gibbay 

,, 144, ,, 5 from bottom, add ; after "Beeley'". 

,, 145, ,, 15, add "Ashley Hay, Wirksworth, Gibhs^ 

,, 149, ,, 8, for Raddlei^ut read Eaddlepit. 

,, 158, ,, 2 from bottom, and 164, 12, for Record read record. 

,, 164, ,, 18, bfore " Mickleover " insert " Etwall ;". 

,, 167, ,, 'i, for '■'■ iJogweed'''' read '■'■Bog Wood^ 

,,176, ,, 1, for '' B.B.Gr read '' N.BJjr 

,, 182, after 9 from bottom, imcrt ANTHBMIS L. 

,, 190, line 13, add "Wirksworth, Gibba. 

,, 193, ,, 11, for Craggs read Crags. 

,, 199, „ 22, add " Totley, Gibber 

,, 205, ,, 3, add ";" after Froggatt ; and 18 from bottom, /or Berkley 
read Berkeley. 

,, 206, ,, 13, for riidro read rubro. 

,, 207, ,, 11, for Rowlsey read Rowsley. 

,, 208, ,, 17 from bottom, for Charlsworth read Charlesworth. 

,, 213, ,, 21, for Lee read Lea. 

,, 216, ,, 6 from bottom, dele , after asperrimnm^. 

,, 222, ,, 7, for Barewood mtd Bearwood. 

,, 223, ,, 3 from bottom, 224, 5, 244, 14, 248, 8, and 273, 2, dele , or . 

after Trent. 
,, 225, ,, 11-12, erase " Rushall— Wall." 
,, 229, ,, 11, after Reservoir put , . 

,, 235, ,, 6 from bottom, 251, 8, and 290, 18, for Watson's read Wat.s. 
,, 237, ,, 9, for Bampton read Brampton. 
,, 241, ,, 17 from bottom, for Canal read canal. 
,,244, ,, 1 from bottom, for Flower read Fl. 
,, 255, ,, 10 from bottom, for Mezereon read Mezereum. 
„ 259, ,, 9, and 267, 16, add "Bretby, Gibbsr 
„ 261, ,, 13, for CASTANIA read CASTANEA. . 
,, 261, bottom line, add " Bretby Park, Gibbs.^^ 
,, 265, line 8, for Brierly read Brierley. 
,, 270, ,, 16 from bottom, for medis rea-l media. 
,, 276, ,, 14 from bottom, for Coldwell read Cordwell. 
,, 277, ,, 4 from bottom, for Streetly read Steetley. 
,, 280, ,, 21, after Scrimshaw dele "." and put " , ". 
,, 283, ,, 14 from bottom, after Woods dele " . " and put " , ". 
,, 298, ,, 19, for Bodsley read Rodsley. 
,, 327, ,, 11 from bottom, for NS. read N.S. 
,, 328, ,, 12, /or ^^ Cre.s.tbrook^' read Cressbrook. 

Bemrose & Sons, Ltd., Printers, Derby, London and Watford.