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Full text of "The Follett-Dewey Fassett-Safford ancestry of Captain Martin Dewey Follett (1765-1831) and his wife Persis Fassett (1767-1849)"

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1626916' 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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EQiietrDezvey 
msett-Sirfford 

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VaDtani MartiN Dezvev J'j^Uctt 
/?;/rf' his zvifc Per sis Fasseff 



BEING i. COSn'TJATTO)!^ OK »• A'tir. ^■- Jd^tlOkDS -^- VD EXTRACTS VRCM VAnrOHP 
HISTORIES-, OTTTClAr^ Py.roP.TiS AX'.-> GEN-KALOiilCAI, PUET-ICVTION'S RELATTNC^ TO 
TIIS yOT,J,ETT5 OF SALEM, WINtKAM, VVVCO.nN:-. V-VL:.E V AND V it aMO.S'X ; T.il; 

i».-ivTY=.. :■•■;.-:; :;tts and safkords of Massachusetts, Connecticut and 

VERMONl ; FHIEF GE.NEALOCICA'. ^.OTI.;K OF Tl'E IVJi-Kl^t. ROBINSON. TAV ANO 
OTKES. J'Av;?i.I-;.-; OF V::KM0NT . TO^ETKER with ACCOr NTS of TKS SFTXI-rMRNTS 
<■■■? T. Vi-.-.i:- - V„I.^LY AN",> Vr^.RMONT, THE ■■"•.I'OMING VAr,l.E\ M ASS A';,n:s, 

vcy-^^y-.-i-^s A.;;> C'jianp is.- iTf.>.b ; .'.'^a i^:^; DTAitY of ca.?tajn (ohn 
rAi.sKT:, jA. r.'i YHi-. i.xPiiDiTiD.N oi" fKii GK£r:>; .MOi'.siAiN soys ::-; ijvj. + <- 

Br 

HARH7 PARKEJ^' WARD 

S'crerr-'-ij of tk2 Ohio 3oc'!.eti/, Sots 0/ £';? .^Twerff^an 
jx-:iolut:o^\, ana of the Or-io Society of Vae Vt'ar of iSt;;. 
C,\irrffp^r:c:_i.r,:j jjanibf^- '>/ the M'yo'inm:/ l-J'U(o>".cat and 
G-iolhyia-xl ^^•:it:ty; ^.'^^■'.bi,' lyf the i'crrv.ynt liis'orical 
tiOoif-iy. Ohio Archaeok'i-ical and Wsioncal fiodfity, etc. 



*L-«?«.-5 DOJCi.'iO JfDCCCXCVi 



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1626916 



Cbatnvltn ^-rintiRt) Caiiqunr, 

H. C. A H. P. WAHO, raOPHrETOfli 
COLUMBUS, OHiO. 



FASSETT-SAFFORD 

HOPtCINS-ROBINSON-FAY 

GENEALOGY AND HISTORY 



TOrs. -fiannat; rallztt Clack, 
VMXV in tisr niuulg-iliirjs tear. 



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"For ivhat is your lifef It U even a vapour, 
that appearcth for a litUe ti.ne, and <7te?» 
varxishelh Qiuay " Jarms rv':i4. 



CONTENTS. 

Introductory , 11 

The Early FoIlett« 15 

Lieut Benjamin Follett, Jr. (1715 ) 24 

Eliphalei. Follett (1741— iTTS) , 37 

Tlie Wyoming Massacre 45 

CMldrea of Eiiphalet Follett 07^1 — 1778).... 59 

Oapt. Martin Dewey Foileit (1765-1^31) . . 62 

Ciiiluicjji w. C'.ipc. Martin Dewey Follett 77 

Frederic!: Follett (1761—1804) 89 

ObildroB oi FreJeriolv Follett (1761— iSOl; 99 

Samuel Follett, Last Snrvivor of Bnnlrer Hill. . Ill 

The Deweys , 113 

The Early Fassetts 121 

Children of Capt John Fa^sett, ^^i 129 

Capt. John FiXrsSioU, Jr 332 

Children of Capt. John Faiisett, Jr Ii9 

The Early Saliords 100 

ChiKiren of D^^cou Joseph ^^al^'^ord . 160 

Tiifi Hopkinses , 174 

The Kobinsoiis 179 

The Fays. . 1S4 

F,Dny I^enninaton 193 

Early Caiahridy:e , . 207 

Diary uf Capi. Joha Fa;?sett, Jr 211 

7 ^O 



ILLUSTiLATIONS. 

The "Minute Man uf 70" .Frontispiece. 

FoUett's Fro^ Pond, Windham IT 

-V WjoTiimg Home 35 

Forty Fort in 1778 35 

^* jtjiji.Aja^ i»ji\^ij.Liiilljii t • . ^j'J 

Map of "Wjon-ing Valley, 1778 5S 

Map of Trout Kiver \'alley, 1820. 87 

Bennington Meeting House, 176G 119 

The Follett School-house, 1815 137 

Catamount Tavern 137 

Seal, Vermont Historical Society 192 

Arms of A>rinont 201 

Bennington Battle Monument 205 

Leaf from Capt. I'assett's Diary 213 

Map of Early V-^-i'mont 215 

Fifty-six Family Portraits 217-278 

leemily Portraiis cuiitiea from copies intended for public libiaries 



INTRODUCTORY. ' 

A'j a state ofiicer of two of the. patriotic hereditary 
societies, it has been m_v privilege to examine niauy 
genealogical and Iiictorical records. I have read with 
deep iiiterest the treasured family traditions and official 
authorities relating to tJie suiTerinj^s and sacrifices of 
a few hundred of the several hundred thousand men 
who risked life, health, and oftentimes xh^^ welfare of 
their fainilicb, lii the making and early preservation of 
the nation. 

Numerous patriotic societies l-ave sprung up in 
the last fevv- years, a half dozen of which appear to be on 
such firm foundations as to give promise of being last- 
ing institutions for good. Their etrorts have brough.t 
from dark attics all riianner of old and forgotten docu- 
ments and papers of past generations, have caused re- 
search into musty volumes on tlie top shelves of our 
private and public librsries, and hnve driven cob- webs 
av.-ay from the memories of many of our "oldest rela- 
tives." More ti.an tiiis, they are accomplishing ines- 
timable good in the halls of Congress and in the legi?- 
latures of t'le older states in gathering together, 
preserving and indexing for ready reference all such 
incividual rcccrdr as can be found. They are erecting 
monuments, marking graves, pubhsiiing m.aga;dnes 
and historical works, collecting relics and celebrating 
in numerous ways the great events of our early history. 
This is quite right 2nd proper. 

a 



INTRODUCTCBY. 

It h true tlicre is a ridiculous extrerniiy to which 
"genealogical hitnts" are sometimes carried. For an 
instance we arc reliably informed that Dewey blood is 
traced back to Alfred the Great, and that the Jewetts 
ca?ne iron) Henri de Jiiatt, a knight of the First Cru- 
sade. This is probably true, but we may be interested 
in knowing just how nmch of the blood of Alfred the 
Great we have in our veins. Supposing it to be forty- 
generations back to Alfred, j^.nd knowing that each 
ancestor, male and female, had a father and a mother, 
we liiid, figuring back twenty of those forty genera- 
tions, that 2,097,lu0 persons, excepting cases of inter- 
marriage in the same blood, have been direct ancestors 
to us, 1,043,57(5 of whom belovig to the twentietli gen- 
eration back, each of whom, ii we are to carry it back 
twenty generations farther, had the same nvn-nhi^r of 
ajiccstors. The hum.an mind can not compreljend the 
infnntesinial pari of our blood that came from Alfred. 

Notwithstanding such extremities there is great 
truth and, just now, much popularity, in the sentiment 
contained in the oft quoted expression of Edmund 
Burke "He only deserves to be remembered by pos- 
terity who treasures up and prescr\-es the history of his 
ancestors." The more we study it th.e truer it seems. 

To the subjects of these brief sketches; may be 
appropriated the words of the most prominent Amer- 
ica a historian, Bancroft, who says. Volume V, p, 1G5: 

"Nothing could restrain the Americans from 
peopling the wilderness. To be a free-holder was the 
ruling passion of the New Etigland man. Marriages 
were early and fruitful. The sons as they grev/ up^ 
skilled in the use of the ax and the riP.e, would, one 
after another, move from the old homestead, and with a 
wife, a yoj<e cf oxen, a cow, and a few husbandry tools, 
build a small hut in some new plantation, and by task- 
ing every faculty of m.ind and body, win for themselves 
plenty and independence. Such were they who began 



INTKODUCTORY. 

to dwel! aniot^g- the xmtenantci] forests that rose be- 
tween the Penobscot and the Saint Croix, or in the New 
Ilanipshirc (.iranrs, on each side of the Green Moun- 
tain?, or in ''lie exquisitely beautiful valley of Wy-- 
oinin;^, ^\lK•re. on the banks of the Susquehanna, the 
wide and ricls uit-adov.'s, shut in by walls of wooded 
rnouTitain?, attracted emigTRnts from Connecticut, 
thoug-h their cla'ni of right under the charter of their 
native colony was in conflict wiili the territorial juris- 
diction of the Projirietaries of Pennsylvania.'' 

To the professional genealogist or historian my 
efforts might seem mere child's play, but to those vvlio 
have in their vein? the blood ot the Folletts, Deweys, 
Passctts and Saft-'-rds of Vermont, I hope they will be 
interesting and acceptable. 

Tlic v.;.''"V is by '"o means comrslete. There are 
numerous directions in vvjiich investigation may be 
continued, and no doubt with good results, particularly 
in the early colonial records, to which I h.ave been able 
to devote but little time. No undertaking of this na- 
tiue caii be crrricd on without assistance. I find my- 
self under many and lasting obligations to a number 
of persons v ho ought to be considered co-workers in 
the compilation. For family records I am indebted to 
Hon. Martin Dewey Follett of ^Marietta, Ohio, Kon. 
EHas Fnssett, and his daughter Mrs. Morris J. Riggs, 
of Toledo, Ohio, Mv. Benjamin D. Hopkins of St. Al- 
bans, Vt., General William^ Farrar Smith, U. S. Army, 
of Wilmington, Del , Mr. Joseph E. Follett, of Mil- 
waukee, Wis., Mr. James D. Follett, Sr. of Chicago, 
Mr. BenjaiTiin Franklin Follert, of LeadviUe, Colo., 
Mrs. Frederick Follett Buell, of Troy, N- Y., Mrs. F. 
\Y. Pall, of Cleveland, Hon. A, G. Safford, of Washing- 
ton, D. C, Mr W. A. Comings, of East Berkshire, Vt., 
i'.-:id Mr. Harry Tracey Buttolph of Buffalo, N. Y., by 
each of whom my lengthy correspondence has been 
ta*:en up with enthusiasm. Miss Alice Boardman, 
As.5i3tant Librarian of the Ohio State Library, has ex- 
13 



IXTKODUCTOSY, 

tended courtesies and asr^islance to rnc almost daily for 
mouths past. Rev, Horace Edwin Hayden, of Wilkes- 
Barre Pa., Corrce-ponding- Secretan- of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Scciet)', has very kindly and 
padcnrly taken up and investigated one request after 
another in regard to VV'yoming Valley history, and 
from Hon. Elias Fasselt^ of Toledo, Ohio, Mrs. M. IM. 
Kirkjiian, of Evanston, Ills., Mr. Ethan Allen \Vea^'er, 
Secretary of the Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the Rev- 
ohition. Mr. Charles Searle Elder, of Zanesville. Ohio, 
Mrs. Vvilliam A. Castle, of Alexandria, Ohio, 
Mr. Benjamin D. Hopkins, of St. Albans, Vt., and l\Ir. 
William Clement Bryant, of Buffalo, N. Y., I have re- 
ceived books that are no longer in print and could not 
ije found in th.e Ohio State Librar}-. Hon. Melvil 
Dev/ey. Libi.-irian of the State of New YnrV T-,-,^^«r=^.-i 
material assistance in looking up authorities on the 
Deweys, and Mrs. Henry Comings of St. Paul, Minn., 
and Mr. Charles Dewey, of ]Montpelicr, Vt, furnished 
private records of the Dewey genealog\'. Judge Wil- 
liam Safford, of Chillicothe, Ohio, also furnished his 
private reccid, alihough but a small portion of it could 
be used. For permission to reproduce copyrighted 
illu.>frations 1 am indebted to Dr. F. C. Johnson of the 
Wilkes-Barre Record, Hon. William V.. Egle, M. D., 
Librarian of the State of Pennsylvania, }Sr. ^L E. Wat- 
son, of Bennington, Vt., and the Willimantic Einen 
Company, of Hartford, Conn. Several illustrations 
have beer, furnished by Mr. B. D. Hopkins of St. Al- 
bans and Hon. Hiram Carlcton, President of the Ver- 
moiit Historical Society, ^'.lontpelier, who has also sup- 
plied much information concerning Capt. John Fassett 
Jr. 

H. P. W. 
ColiLTPihus, Ohio^ January I. 1896. 
U 



THE EARLY FOLLBTTS. 

'>f■■'iXl^O]^EliT FOLLETT (born probably about 
l:%i^ 1625, died 170S). American Ancesiry, 
vS ^Jv ^"^-*^- ^^ > 1^- •'"^' ^^y^ "*-'^ Salem, Mass.. 
ni'iviied vinsve July 29, 1055,, Persis Black, 
and bad Joan and Abrabtim of Attleborough, Isaac 
vf "•nleii: and Benjamin of Windham, He may liave 
!.(• .::D ndnlcd to Jolm of Dover and Will lam of Oyster 
t'rcer.'- The V'Tllliam referred to is mentioned in 
X. K. }{ist, and Gen. Keg., Vol. VII, p. 33S as being on 
bviud on a wi'i Sep. 10, 1G51, at Oyster rtiver, and in 
same volume, j). 336, 5 mo., IGal, in tbe purcbase of 
a ?,flv-ir!iil. Same anthority, VoL IX, p, 360, rnen- 
tions "Robert of Balem and bis son Abraham, born 
December 23, 1671. Same authority, VoL XV. p. 
GO, Sarah, the dau,elrtfr of Abraham, bajviized Au- 
giiR!, yo 13, 1G1J9, and p. 72, Jonoilsan, hoii of John, 
both items from Rehoboth clmreh reco'-ibs. 

Tlio fonovrihi^ iy i?xtracted from the eiteusive 
niasAiiseript records of ine early Folleit^ prepared by 
Hon. Martin Dewey Foliett (1S2G) of Marietta, Ohio, 
'«\'ho, .some years ago, spent a great deal of time in 
examining, pcri'ori.Gliy, original records in different 
to^vijs in l^ew England. 

FiioM 17.1 ri ilKcoiiDS OF SAT/I•:;^7, Mass. 

''Kf^bert Fone!:t iiiaryed to Persiji Black'' in 
^lil»em, Mush., 29, 7 mo., 105:5. 

Their elilldcec, born in Salera: 
^Uwy, ^[■iv::h 16, 165G. 
'^•^?r;., inlv 20, 1659. 
Su^HD'^ah, June 1, 1GG2. 
Ifi«jjnab, October 23, W3i. 
'^utb/Oci-bor 17, 1G07. died May 1, i6->8. 

15 



THE BARl.Y FOLLETTS. 

Jobii, July 10, l^K'ti. 

AbraLaui,' December 23, 1671. 

Is-<ia(?5 July 30, 1G74. 

Eebccca, July SO, 1671 

Benjamin, , 16T0 (probablv)^ baptized Sopu 

iC, 1G87. 

Kobert Foilett (1G25?— 170S) is first meiitionod 
in ibese records as married to Persis Black. \> ith 
the same record is giveri the births of their chil-lfen. 
These facts are recorded on page 20, VoL I, Marriage 
Records, aud on pages 10, 20 a^nd 21, Vol. I, Eocurdis 
of Births. In these records is found do account of 
the birth of Benjamin (1GT6? — 1752), but in VoL 7, 
p. 126 Essex Institute History, record of baptisms 
of the First Church of Salem, Mass., on Sept, 10, 1GS7, 
of "JohDj Abraham, Isaac, Eebecea, BenjaiDin, of 
T?nb--f V-^](>tt" Eobert Foilett and Persis his w ;e. 
joined this First Church September 7, IfiSG, as s'Uown 
in VoL XVI, p. 9, of Essex Institute History.-' 

*'AIso in Deeds Eecordr^ of Sniem, book IG, p. 129 
is a record of the deed, dated August 3, 170i, by 
which Eobert Foilett alone (liis first -wife must have 
been dead then) 'in consideration of natural affecvion 
which I have and do bear, and in consideration of 
sevevuj payments, agreements, duties, contracts* 
nhieh I hey have covenanted with me to perform' etc. 
conveyed to his 'two sons, Isaac, Benjamin', 'all that 
my homestead, being a farm of about 130 acres of 
arable pasture and meadow ground*, and all h.is other 
real estate whatsoever, 'and all' bis •cattle, horses, 
Rlieep, and other creatures v^-hatsoever.' '' 

^'Kobert Foilett (1625?-— 170S) by deed of April 
9, 1703, book 17, p. C7, had before couveyed to William 
Harbett (Herbert), his grandson (a son of Mary), 
for ten pounds and affection, his dv/elling house and 
lot There is no tax in Eobert's name after 1700, 
ou'v in the name of Isaac Foilett and Bejomin Foi- 
lett until 1709, then Isaac alone. The interest of 
Beojar.iin in the 130 acres (less ten acres deeded be- 
fore) v>'; a conveyed by Benjamin and Patience, his 

16 



c- '^^^'te^^^V^^- 



I'OI.I.V.TTS I'ROG P'^)N'I) WINDHAM. 1:5s. 
See page 2-. 

COPYfllGMI O-^'.CO BV *lLi.iv»STiC LisEX CO . !-,«ST=0^0. CONX. 



/^ 



ROm^PT {IG25?-1708). 

wi:?^e, to otbei-s, Xov. 4, 1708, in wlilcli deed ho calls 
Robert Foilett }]is fatber lately deceased, and retains 
the rig'Jit of possesc-ioii of liis house and ripiit to use 
/ii-e^v(;od Tintii Mar i, 1700. Kobert o^vued iajid be- 
lore Mar 4, 1650. At tliar time he kidded to his fcnnev 
laud a lionse and one and oiie l-.ah: acres of lojid as 
shown b}- deed in Vol. I, p, \M, Deeds Records. At 
firfeL the deeds called Eobert FoUett 'shoreman' the 
'shoreinaiT. or farmer" then 'hiisbfindman/ " 

"Hubert Follett (1025?— 170S) must have poa- 
sersed provident habits and paiental care a^xl love 
After thirty-one years of married life the parents 
nnited with the First dluireh of Salem, Mass., Sep- 
tember 7, 1GS6. Their children Hannah Follett, 
Mary Herbert, and Susannah Bibley had been bap- 
tized Jannary 2, IGSG, at their own request, 'i'he 
ncTt v<>fir. v"^eT)tember 10, 1(587, the minor children 
Vv'ere baptized, John, when IS, Abraliam when nearly 
16, Isaac and Kebecca (twins) wlien 1-3, and Benjainiu 
wl)en probably 9 or 10 years old, and probably at 
their parents' request. Eobert Follett, Jr. (b. 1059) 
mnst have died before that tim.e." 

The n]annscri])t records of Hon. ^lartin Dev^'ey 
Follett (1S2G) ^ive about all the descendants of Rob- 
ert (1625? — 1708) for several o;eiierationG. 

Several other records of early Folletts are at 
hand bnt tlie writer can find no eonneetion with 
Robert (1025? — 170S) or his ancesirv. 



Benjamin Follett (lG"i<3?--1752), son of Robert 
Follett (1G25?— 170S) was bom abo'it 1670 or 1077 at 
Salem, Mass. American Ancestry Vcd. IV, p.. 127, 
iff.\\H "'Of Massacli'isetts and Connecficnt. Son of 
Robert liorn at i^aleni, "Mass., about 1G76, died at 
Windham, 1752. Moved there 1709. ^larried 
March 13, 1707, Patience DonJec.'" The manuscript 
records of Hon. Martin Dewey Follett (1826) ^-ive the 
date of marriage as March 13. 1706-7, copied from 
marriaiAO records of Salem, Masr.., Vol. I, p. ]0, and 
the TpcrTds uf thpir children, taiTen from rhe records 
of Windham, Conn., a.s follows: 

19 



THE EAJILY P^OLEETJ'P;. 

Elizabeth, Deceiiibei- 6, 1707. 

Abif-ail, Januai-v 26, 1709. 

Marj, Marcii 23, 1711. 

Susannah, December 13, 1712, 
. Benjamin, March 2S5 1715. 

Hannali, Xoveiuber 15, 1710. ' i.^;;, 

Hezekiab, August 23, 1719. 

Joseph, April 23, 172 L 

The place of birth of first .'hlid Elizabeth, is 
given as Balem, of second child not given, and of ail 
the rest, Windham. It is <iuite probable fix-UD the 
date given in the deed of Benjamin (1 670?-— 1752), 
previouslj referred to in the notice of hit? father, that 
Benjamin left Salem for Vv'indham about May 1, 
1709. Be is mentioned as ''husbaiidman," Deed- 
book 2G, p. 10. He died 1752 and his svife Patience 

in 17^7 nr VJi-.vEi ^^ln Porin.. ^vh'^'T.-' n:o]r rvTT.\-r>s have 

been seen by Hon. Martin De\\ey Follett (182G). 

In this connection a few random extracts con- 
cerning the children of Benjamin {107<3? — 1752) may 
be of interest before we come to the child in who]!.' 
we are more ])articnl<u-]y interested, Benjamin, Jr. 
(1715 ). Hezekiali (1719-17S2) married Han- 
nah Bead 1713-1 and their children were Jeriisha 
(1711), John (1716), Abner UV17), Susannali (1719), 
Elizabeth (:; 751), Hannah (1752), Irene (1755), Levinla 
(1757 — 1811), Anna (175S — 18o3). Hezekiah's wife 
Hannah died 1702 and he married ao-ain 17t.i3,a!!d bad 
born to him Hezekiah, (1761 died early), Oliver (176G- 
— ISld), Hezoidah (ITGS, he and his children dead). 
Hezekiah (1719—1782) joined tlie church 1712 and 
was reuKirkable for his oreat streiiLTth. Zd'arvin Fn]- 
lett, son of Abner, son of Abnev (1717), of Vvlndhajn. 
said the male FoUetts of WindhiMn had neai-iv ^'H 
died or gone. 

Joseph (1721 ), son of Benjamin a676V — 

1752) married Hanuah in 1742 and their chil- 
dren were Mory (1711—1715), Mary (1715) Joseph 
(J 717—1717), Hannah (171S— -171S), Isaac (1750), Jo- 
seph (1751), Timothy (1754), and Isaac (1750). This 
Isaac went to Vermont. Joseph (1721— - — ) joined 



BEN JA!^ I IX (1f)76?4752). 

!he church in Vv'iudham Liud the record sho^vs biDi as 
**r» moved." biit does not say to what place. Possibly 
he reinovod to Wyoming as may iippear later. Mr. 
.Tr.sopl! E. l^olleH'of Milvraukee says of this Joseph 

il-^'Zi — ) *'l think he is the progenitor of the 

\'ennont branoli of the Folletts, of T^hi':h Tiiao'rhy, 
i:>Ti' of ]]\i] liniitoji, was one." 

Mr. .1. ^V. FoHett, of Worcester, Mass., wrote in 
5>^Sl.', \n Mr. Josev)]! E. Follett, of MilwiUikee, that he 
was ih<' SCI) of Abner, who was the son of Abner, Sr., 
V. ho Avas liie son of Benjamin (an error, shonld be 
Mpir?:k}ah) who was the son of Benjamin, Sr., and that 
x\iK're' wasa tradition in his family that three brothers 
.'.ho i-'jine from Enj^^'iand landed at Salern at an early 
tlv.\'\ 1G — , one of whom went to Conuectiout, and one 
io Vf'i'it>nf)i. thp other remaininp at Salem. That 
■ ■•Ait. .^.I'vh I . .clitlv.n rcfcrrln'^' to the 5^'^^^''^'^'''"^'^* •"s'f '■^ne 
brother in Vermont would seem to be without foun- 
thition as Benninoton was the first tov.n really set- 
iled in \'ermont, ilGl, although Thompson'& History 
'if Vermont mentions the first civilized establish- 
ment in the limits of Vermont as Fort Bummer, 172-1 
st is p()ssi!>ie that William of Oyster Creek, John of 
Dover, an<l Jiobert (1025? — 1708) of Salem were the 
tl;i'ee emi;j:rant brothers referred to. Mr. J, W. Fol- 
Uit adds "Have heard my father speak of the vndow 
of the brother killed at the massacre as Munt Hau- 
v:\h.\ who, with her children, rode on horseback from 
l"nnsyivania to Connecticut." This would bo evl- 
*icntly wrong both as to the name of the v.'idovr and 
'n r''>:'.,fid to retnridnii; to Connecticut, unless there 
■vf=r.> <-.i;K>r FolJetts than the families of Benjamla 

Jr., <1T1;, ) Eliphalet (1741— T77S) at W^vomlng 

iU th( rime of the 177S massacre. We see from our 

rfHv,rds that Benjamin Jr. (1715 ), had a sister 

Hannah and a brother Jose]>h, v/hose v,ife's name 
vv,'>«i Hainiiih, and the d^^te and place of whose death 
i-i n.'-.i jvivt-^ii. ^Ye find also that Joseph Follett of 
'^'l- n]i!.ham joined the Susquehanna Con?pany May 1, 
i»'-i, and paid money into the treasury of the com- 
21 



THE EAJRT.Y FOLLETTS. 

pany Dec. 19, 1751 (Pennn. Archives, Yol. XYIII> pp. 
20 sua 29), As to v\'liether ho actually went out to 
the Siisqaehanna we have as yet found no. record. 
The Wiric'lmm church records having the word ^"re- 
moved'' afier Joseph's name, it is possible the ''Aunt 
Ilannnh" referred to wns his wife, nnd thai they ssuf- 
fered in cue of the V/yoming massacres. 

It is possible, too, that Mr. J. W. Follett's father 
may have referred to the first massacre of settlers in 
ITGo, at vrhich time we sbail see Benjamin, Jr. (1715 

), was, with scarcely any doubt, in the "Wyom- 

ing Valley, and retreated with the other settlers to 
Connecticut. Our family records give no light on the 
first massacre. 

There seem to be no records of the names of those 
who suffered in the 17G3 massacre, and it is probf^^le 
i.L„i, the liii of 1778 sufferers is by no mcano coin 
plete. 

Mr. J. Y'. Follett continues in his letter that he 
lived for many years on the old Follett place, a mile 
from Windham, wliich had been in the Follett. family 
for six ^generations, and where, in 175S, the famous 
"Frog' Fight" tool: place in "Follett's Pond'-* wblcb 
caused a great scare in the village. He refers to "an 
article in Scribner's Monthly Magazine, 18S0 (error — 
should be Sept., 187S). entitled' ^The History of a 
Spool of Thread,' referring to an important industry 
in Willim.antic — the Frog Pond among its illustra- 
tions,'' and to Ti'umbuirs History of Connecticut in 
regard to the Frog Fight. 

"This terrible nizlil, the pnr=on did f.ight 

His ijeonle almost in despair. 
For poor \V'indhan-. souls, among thehean po!e3, 

Ho laadr a most -jN'onderful prayer, 

Those lusty frogs, th=y .^ouj^ht l-.ke dogs. 

For which I do commeiid thera ; 
But lost the day, Tor want. 1 ssy. 

Of weapons to defend thens.' 

—Cunneciicul Historical ColUctiotis, p. ^S. 

22 



GEXKALOGK'AL LETTERS. 

Ml. Jitsopli E, FuJjett aido received a letter in 
l>s2 from lUr. iienjaiiiiii Foliett, of Olivet, Aiich., 

';'•:; '•exeuty-iiiae yeaxy of age) in wiiieh the Abner, 
--:., i^\e\ii>>\sl\' liienti Oiled as the gTaadiatlier of Mr. 
•■. \\. i'oileti is iiiejitioned as tiie son of Hezekiah, 
\-i.M» was tLie son of lienjamin, Sr. This would show 
*wr. J, W. Foiiett's statement in regavd to de;icenc 
fruiu Bcajaiiiin, J^r. (lOTG? — 1752), to be correct, but 
V. rong iu regard to descent from iJenjamiu, Jr. (1715 

. ^A^ xvho was hi.s great uncle, Mr. Beiijamin 

r«,li'.tt's letter states that the first Foiiett who came 
U' Aiaeric:i landed at New York and married a 
} ixinh !;; ly, of whom he has no further direct 
r».ori!. lie mentions William, of Oyster Creek, 
:'1.:,^>.. hi li;54; Benjamin, whose name he finds in the 
vViudDam church manual early in 1700, and who 
•'•'^f! 17-V?; ^Joseph, in 1740, no other record, only "re- 
ij.oved"; uext Benjamin, who united with the churcli 
17r/>, and Kezekiah, who joined in 1712 and died 
i7.S2. Mv. Benjamin FolJett was son of Oliver, who 
way son of Uezekiah, who was son of Benjamin, Sr. 
nr>7t;? — 1 752), lie says that Frederick Foiiett (17G1 

-l^Oi) was cousin to his father (Oliver) and used 
lo usil him. Be also mentions the retreat of the 
V, [iiiuv of E]iphalet (1711 — 177S) from Vv^yoming to 
X'emiunt (not Connecticut). He refers to Hezekiah 
as the son of Benjamin, br., and the father of Abner, 
vdiver, liezekiah and six or more daughters, ilr. J. 
\'^'. I'oliett also refers to Abner as having brothers, 
iie/ekiah and Oliver, and sisters, Susanna, Levinia, 
Anna and two or three others whose names he has 
f'>ri:otu-i\. It is therefore evident that the letters 
'^•f >:r. J. \v: Foiiett, of Worcester, :Mass., and Mr. 
H.-njamin Foiiett, of Olivet, Mich., refer to the same 
UimilY. Mr. Joseph E. Foiiett has letters from New 
Hisapslnro Folletts witli whom he thinks we have no 
v'»Ji!jectioD. 



LIEUTEXANT BENJAMIN FOLLETT, JIl. 
(1115 -) 



♦ ' ' %CXJAMIX FOLLETT, JR. 11715 ),son 

>^4 of Benianiin Follett (1(STG?--1752), was 
^J^^y borD March 28, 1715, at Windham, Conn. 
Of the date and place of hih death we have 
no positive record, although the records of Luzerne 
vOonuty, PeniisylTania, shovr that Frederick Folieti 
was administrator of the estate of Benjamin Follett, 
with T,9,wrence 'vfyer« iunl Lew Buiier as sureties; 
date of bond April 2, 1788, amonnt £500. From tJiis 
it may be suppOvScd that our ancestor, Benjamin 

Follett (1715 ) was the one referred to and that 

he died some time previous to xVpril 2, 1788. 

An^^rican Anceotry, 'N'ol. IV, p. 127, fcays: *'0f 
Windh im, ^'^ain., .son oi" Benjamin. Born ihoi-e 
March 28, 1715. Moved to Vv^voming, Vn. :\!;avried 
Nov. 10, 1730, Ilannjih Woodward." 

The manuscript records of Hon, Martin Dewey 
Follett (lS2r.) confirm the above and give the chil- 
dren as follows: 

MatbAo, born xVn<\ust 27, 1739, died July IS, 

Elipbaiet, born January 16, 1740 — 1, dierl July 
3, 177S (killed). 

Benjamin, horn November 10, F742. 

Euiiice, born January 4, 1741. died April L3, 
1747. 

Nnihan, born Febrnary 11, 174^, died January 
9, 17G4. 

Amos, born Jonuarv 24, 1750, died October 23, 
1751. 

Arios, born May 23, 1753, died February 20. 
1754, 



CHILDKEIS'. 
Lfr.'i, born August 10, 1756, dif^d June 12, 1757.. 
Hanaali, wile and Eiotiiei', died May 2, 1757. 

lieutenrint Benjamin Follett (1715 ■) (the 

title ''Lientenaut" found bv Hon. Martin Dewe}' Fol- 
lett [1826] on ciiurcli records), married for second 
wife Esther Kobinson, Febriiar.y 2, 175S. Their chil- 
dren were: 

Man , born December 4, 175S. 

Lvdia, born December 14, 1759. 

Frederick, born Marcli 10, 17G1, died May, 1801. 

lioger, born August 9, 1763. 

>\athan, born January 23, 1765. 

Benjamin (1712), son of Benjamin, Jr. (1715 — 

), married Thankful Bibbiu in Windham March 

S, 17t)9. (See notice of Frederick later.) 

**Marv'"n Follett, of Windham, Conn., in 1883 
ujLi^i-i oj. j^^ctJLo \ji. ci^«,; otiivl that uracio l!cnj»iUx'.rx Fol- 
lett'' (1715--— ) 'Taarried and went to Wyoming 

Valley and with him a colony from Pomfret, \t., and 
from Connecticut. He went "with an ox team which 
was a splendid yoke of oxen, red, with high head.s, 
large horns and brass knobs on their horns. He got 
land of the government, etc., and when the Tories 
and others had killed some and carried oft" other.?, 
Benjamin and his wife Esther, and Frederick, who 
was scalped, and others, came back to Windham, and 
lived there a while; then, with the aid of the govern- 
ment, they got their land back again, and returned 
to WyoiaJng.'- He united with the Windliam cliurch 
175S. The statements of Marvin Follett are not spe- 
cific, but show beyond any doubt whatever that it 
is our ancestor who is referred to in the various 
histories, from which extracts will be given. 

Mrs. Frederick Follett Buell, of Troy, X. Y., is 
of the opinion that Lieutenant Benjamin Follett 

U715 ) was taken prisoner in the French war, 

when he earned his title as lieutenant She 
writes under date of December 1, 1S95: "This same 
]'"'rederick,'^ referriug to Frederick Follett (j7G1 — 
iSOlj >^on of Lieuiennnt Benjamin Follett (1715— 

25 



L7EUT. BENJAMJN FOLLETT, .Ik. (1715 ). 

), ^ iuid a sou .BerijainiDj who was a midshipman 

on the 'Chesapeake^' and was carried to (Quebec a 
prisoners and there (.'oniiued in the same cell his 
I'atJier v, ay in. This last is Uncle Ben's account, and 1 
wish it couid be looked np, bccaut^e I think it is a 
DiistaktN and was Lieutenant Benjamin, who might 
have been made a prisoner during the French and 
Indian wars." 

Mrs. BuelFs records show that Benjamin (1V15 

) Yv'as commissioned second lieutenant in the 

army in October, 1T5(), at Windham. \^^e have 
record that one of the ''three principal men" of the 
Forty Settlers, Isaac Tripp, had been an otlicer in the 
French war. It is quite probable that the three, of 
whom. Ijenjaniin Jr'oliett was one, as will appear 
later, had ail been selected as principal men on ac- 
f -■(^■!>+ r,^ -:oTvie sncii nervice in wor. 

In an eh'ort to positively locate Benjamin during 
the French war, the following, obtained from the 
State of Connecticut, is the only oliicial record the 
writer has been able to find at this time: 

State of Connecticut, 
Adjutant Geneiiai/'s Office, 
llARTFOiiD, December 11, 1895. 

"This is to certify that Benjamin Follett served 
in the colonial wars, and the following is said service, 
according to the records of this oftlce: 

"At a General Assembly of the Governor and 
Company ox Ills English Majesty's Colony of Con- 
necticut, in Sqw England in America, holden at I\ew 
Haven, in said Colony the 14th day of May, Annoqui 
Domi'ii 1T5G, troops were raised to repel the attack 
of the enemy upon Lake George. It was resolved by 
said assembly: In the livth regiment, shall be raised 
forty-seven men, and in the eleventh regiment shall 
be raised idtj men, making ninety-seven in the whole, 
which shall be the tenth company in the first regi- 
ment, sent from this Colnny in said camp, and that 
Benjamin Lee of Plainfieid, be Captain, Israel Wil- 
liams of Pomfret, First Lieutenant, and Benjamin 



SERVICE IN FRENCH WAR. 

Follett of ^'.'inubaiu, Secoiid Lieiiteuant of paid Com- 
pany. '^ 

XT. te?ruaoiiy wliereuf, we have affixed hereto the 
seal 01 thiti oiliee. 

Vbigved.) ^N'^:. E. F. Landus, 

[Seal,] Col. and Ass't Adj't Geueral." 

War was declared May 18, IVoO. 

Truml>uil\s History oi Connectieut, ^'oliime 11, 
Chapter 10, gives a brief account of the caiupaign of 
1T5G. The following are extracts: 

^'Great expectations were now foriaed. of a vig- 
orous and successful campaign. The northern 
colonies exhi)3ited a nobJe zeal in his majesty's serv- 
ice, ond had their respective quotas of troops early in 
the Held. Connecticut, in particular, raised two 
thousand live hundred men., which was double the 
pnT)ibpv vpquii'^d i>y (he coiumander-in-culei, a» the 
I>roportion of the colony in the service ot tnat year. 
This seems to have been in May. 

''By this time (about August Istj, General 
Winslow, with about seven thousand of the New 
England and Xew York troops, had advanced to the 
tiouth lardiug of Lake George. They were in high 
spirits, perfectly harmonious, and waited with impa- 
tience to be led to the attack of Crown Point." The 
inactivity of the British generals lost them the fort 
at Oswego and nothing was done during the falL 
"The provincials returned to their respective colon- 
ies. ■" '■ * Thus ended the northern campaign of 
3 750." '-The last year the provincials, under their 
own generals and 'officers, had performed iramense 
labour, in clearing and making roads through a 
wilderness: advanced far on the enemy; erected 
forts, built ships, many hundreds of boats and bat- 
teaux; defeated one army of the enemy, and taken 
the general captive."' 

Chapter IT, of TrumbulFs History gives the cam- 
paigns of 1757. We find '-Counecticut again had her 
whole quota seasonably raised." The tradition in 
regard to Lieutenant Benjamin Follett (1715 — ) 

27 



LIEU J'. BP:NJAMIN FOLLETT, Je. (1715 ). 

beiijg taken prisoner may, in all i)robabiiity, be true. 
It. would then be probable that lie was one of tlie 
garrison at Fort William Heury, whicL vs'as taken 
by the French August 9, 1757, The massacre of ihe 
Indians who were in the British service, women and 
children, by the Indian allies of the French, after the 
British had surrendered and laid down their arms, 
was periiaps the most blood-curdling event in the 
history of America, even worse than that of Wyom- 
ing valley on account of the tortures inflicted on 
women and children. Trumbull says: ''Men and 
women had their throats cut, their bodies ripped 
open, acd their bowels, with insult, thrown in their 
faces. Infants and children were barbarously taken 
by the heels and their brains dashed out against 
stones and trees.-' We have neither XJ"ooi nor record 
rhnt T.ioTiteiinnt Benjamin Foilett was in this gar- 
rison, but even in case he were not, the foregoing ac- 
count Vv'ili serve to show what som^e of the ex- 
periences of colonial ^rarfare were. After the dis- 
astrous campaigns of 1756 and 1757, Connecticut 
again mised an army of five thousand in 1758 for 
another uusuccessful campaign. Just how much 
service or how mucii imprisonmetit Lienteuant Foi- 
lett experienced we do not kno\Y. 

"Canaan of oid. as we are told, 

Wneu it did rain down tDanr.a, 
Wa'nt half so good for heavenly food 

As Dyei makes Susquehanna." 

—Old Verse— Author Unknoicn. 

In Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, YoL 
XVIil, ue find the name of Benjamin Foilet, some- 
times spelled FoUett, a number of times. On page (> 
we find him, July 18, 1753, one of the apparently 
original members of the great Susquehanna Com- 
pany, whose object was set forth as follows: "That 
vrhereas, vre being desirous to enlarge his Majesties 
English settlm'ts in Xorth Am'a, and further to 
spread Xtiaiiity, as also to promote our own tem- 
poral Int'st, do hereby each of us," etc. On page 19, 

2S 



THE 6U«QUEHAXXA (JO^iPA:SY, 

WQ iiiid lie paid, ''Jaii'y 9, 175-i,"" '^£S, 2, C for i sliare," 
On page 61, he ai»peai's as one of a committee of five 
''to approve, adiiiit, oversee, siiperinteud, manage, 
and order the affairs and proceedings of the hrst 
forty settlers,-' etc., to great iengtb, this under date 
2Sth December, ITfJb, at Hartford, when arrange- 
ments were being effected to again attemr)t a settle- 
ment at ^Vyoming, no attempt having been made 
since the massacre of 1TG3. On page U8, we lind it 
was voted at a meeting of the Susquehanna Com- 
pany, held in September, 17G9, at Windham, "that 
£18 L. M. be paid out of the Snsq'a money by Sam'i 
Gray, Esq., to Mr. Isaac Tripp, Benjamin Foilett 
and John Jenkins, as a committee, to be equally di- 
vided and i>aid to the several j^ersons now bound 
over to the court at Eastou" (GO miles distant), and 
-noted that persons that are bound over to answer 
at tne court at iL,asTon this mouth, shiril tcv^elv c ihiee 
dollars to bear their expenses on their way there," 
and that thanks be "returned to Mr. William Ledley 
for his kind services to our friends, the first forty, 
while at Eastou under arrest," etc. Benjamin I^ol- 
Jett was evidently in this party, as will be seen later. 
On page 71 we find it voted, in a meeting of the com- 
pany at Hartford, June G, 1770, that Benjamin 
Foilett and thirteen others "are hereby appointed a 
committee to assist Major Durkee in ordering and di- 
recting in all the affairs relating to the well govern- 
ment of said settlers," etc., and on page 73, November 
27, 177U, "£50 L. M." sent to I'hiladelphia and Easton 
"for Major Durkee and the rest of the New England 
prisoners in gaol, to maintain and support them," 
etc. On page 77, at a meeting at Windham March 
13, 1771, "Whereas, our settlers are again unjustly 
and inhumanly drove off from their settlements at 
Wyoming, and robbed of their effects by a gang of 
lawless and v>'icked men, and it is judged best and 
necessary for the interests of this Company to regain 
and hold possession," etc., Benjamin Foilett and 
twenty others, "be a committee to take tbe names of 



LIEUT- B1:.:NJ.VMIN FOLLETT, Jk. (}71o }. 

anch per^oQs as shall engage lo go forward/- etc. By 
referenee to pages 91 aud 92, tiie writei" is featisljod 
that Beiijaiuin Fo.Uei.t must have been enrolled in the 
uiiiitla. 

Wrightj ii) his Histcirical Sketches of Plyiuoiith, 
Fa., J). 7T — 8, says: "In 1TG2, the year preceding the 
treaty of peace between England and France, the 
BusquehaDna Comijany sent out Mr. Jenkins agaic, 
in comijany with Isaac Tripp, Benjamin FoUet, SMi- 
liam Buck and a hundred and hfteen other adveniur- 
eis, to tai-:e iDOSsession of their lands here, and by 
force, if necessary. They commenced the erection of 
log houses at the mouth of ^iliil Creek; a raile above 
the site of Vv'ilkes-Barre. They cleared some land 
and sowed it v\ ith grain; but we learn of no effort to 
reconcile the Indians. In the autumn of this year 
they returned to Coiinectieut. in tlie followin^i 
spring tliey came back,'" etc. 

Stone says, p. 130: **The new colonists set them- 
selves vigorously at work; a sufficient number of log- 
houses and cabins were erected for their accomoda- 
tion, and before the arrival of winter, extensive fields 
of wueat had been sov^'n upon lands covered with 
forest trees in August. These adventurers had noi. 
taken their families with them, and having now made 
so fa^ orable a beginning, they secured tlieir agricul- 
tural implements and returned to Connecticut." 

Hollister, p. 93, says that when the Yankees re- 
turned to the valley in tlie spring of 1703, vvith theu' 
faiuiiies, they brought along ''cattle, sheep; hogs and 
grain sufficient to last them until the coming harvest. 
Trafhc and fur trading sprung up with the surround- 
ing tribes," etc. 

Chapman, p. 70, says: "During the preceding 
summer (1762) the friendly disposition manifested by 
the Indians to the Wyoming settlers, as the Connecti 
cut emigrants vvere called, had created a degree of 
eoniidence on their part which had pre\ ented any ex- 
pectation of dauger; and fearing that warlike arms 
might create suspicion, they bad noi famished them- 

30 



MASSACRE or WYO^:IXG BKiTJJERB, i7G3. 

selves vritii any, and were almost destitute of any 
means of defence in case of an attack from the sav- 
ages. ^Vblie thus unsuspicious and occupied, as 
usna), with the labors of the field, they were attacked 
on the iifieeuth of October by a party of Indians, who 
massacred about tweni}^ persons, took several pris- 
oners, and having seized upon the live stock, drove it 
towards their town. Those who e:-caped hastened 
to their dwellings, ^^ave the alarm to the families of 
those who were killed, and the remainder of the 
colonists, men, women and children lied precipitately 
to the mountains, from whence they beheld the 
smoke arising from their habitations and the 
savages feasting on the reniains of their little prop- 
erty. They had taken no provisions with them ex- 
cept what they hastily seized in their fliirht, and 
ma&t pabs throUrih a \\ildcrne^s !:ixty iiiiie^ ?'"• ^■^+r,-r,f 
before they could reach tJie Delaware rh'er. Tliey 
had left brothers, husbands and sons to the mercy 
of the savages — they had no means of defence in case 
they sliould be attacked, and found themselves ex- 
posed to the cold Avinds of autumn without sufficient 
raiment. "Willi tliese melancholy recollections and 
cheeiless prospects did the fugitives commence a 
journey of tv»'o hundred and fifty miles on foot."' 

Hollister, p. 9i. inentions an expedition of 
Pennymites against the Yankees at this time which 
reached the valley October 17, 1703, two days after 
the massacre. Hollister quotes the Pennsylvania 
Archives, 17G3. p. 125, as follows: "He met with no 
Indians, but found the New Englanders who had 
been killed and scalped a day or two before they got 
there. They buried the dead, nine men and one 
woman, who had been most cruelly butcliered; the 
woman was roasted and had two hinges in her hands, 
supposed to have been put in red hot, and several of 
the men had awls thrust into their eyes, and spearvS, 
arrows, pitchforks, etc.,. sticking m their bodies." 

We find Benjamin Follett, Jr. (1715 ), 

again in 17GS end 17G0, as follows: Chapm.an, p. 73, 

81 



LTETJT. BENJAMTlN FOLT.ETT, Jr. (1715. ). 

says, regarding the actions of the Siisqiiebcinna Com- 
paW at nartford, after the Indian treaty of Xo 
yembor 5, ITOS, "In tJierse resolutions they resolve 
that forty itersor^?, heiiip: proprietors, shall ]>roceed 
to WyoraiLig to coiniuence settlements by the iirst of 
Febriiaiy; that two hundred more shall follo^y them 
early in 'the t^prin?;, and. that £200 fehail be immedi- 
ately appropriated to provide implements of hus- 
bandry and provisions for tJie forty. The resolntions 
appointed a committee consisting of Isaac Tripp, 
Benjaniin Follett, John Jenkins, William Buck and 
Benjamin Shoemaker, being part of the forty, who 
were to have the government and superintendence 
of the colony," 

HoUister, p. 10<», says: 'STohn Jenkins, Isaac 
Tripp. Benjapiln Fo'^ett, William Bnrk and B^nifl- 
min teh(icixtaker vrere appointe*;;. a CGnimit^crc ^o ex 
ercise a general snperinter.dence over the affairs of 
the forty settlers, and to lay out and prepare a road 
through the wilderness to Susquehanna river. Fifty 
pounds, Connecticut currency (-$167), was voted this 
committee to ])uikl this first road opened from the 
East to Wyoming. This trail or public road followed 
the wariors' path, and, unbridged for svv'araps and 
streams sometimes formidable indeed, was simply 
widened for the saddle horse." Stone, p. 1-14, men- 
tions the same committee. 

But the Penny mites were occupying their old 
block-house. As the Pennymite captain, Ogden, had 
only ten men in his command, he laid a trap for 
the Yankees, sending a "polite conciliatory note to the 
commander of the forty" requesting an interview on 
the subject of their respective titles. Miner says, p. 
108: "That they could out-talk the Pennymites, and 
convince them that the Susquehanna title was good, 
not one (■? the forty doubted. Three of the chief men 
were deputed to argue the matter, viz: Isaac Tripp 
and Benjamin Follett. two of the executive commit- 
tee, accompanied b\ 3Ir. Vine Elderkin. No sooner 
were they vrithin tl^e block-house, than Sherlfs' 

32 



ARREST BY PENNY?.nTE8. 

•JenkiiiS (the Pennvmitc) clapped a writ on their 
^liouldei^'s: -Gerttlemen, in tiie name of the conimou- 
wealtli of Peiiiisylyania, you are my prisoners!' 
M.aiigh wlAen we must, be candid when we can.' The 
Yankees were decidedly outwitted.. By common con- 
sent the prisoners were transported to Easton jail, 
jr'iarded by Oiptain Ogden; but accompanied in no 
hostile manner, by the thirty seven remnaids of the 
forty.'' Bail was promptly given and the forty re- 
turned peaceably to Wyoming. This incident is 
gi\en, together vrith names, in numerous other his- 
tories, among them Chapman, p. 70; Stone, p. 14G. 
and Hollister, p. 143. 

We next find Benjamin Folletr's name in a lisi 
of tliirty-five persons who located near Pittston in 
May 17G9. tS^e TTol lister, p. 1 ] 1 .) On p. 110, Hollis- 
ter qnolGi; a reiinymite, who v-ritcs: "That he bad 
but r^^'enty-foar men to opj>ose the ?vew England 
men, of whom one hundred and forty-six, chiefly on 
horseback, passed by our houses this afternoon (May 
16, 1769) about three o'clock, and are now" encamped 
on the east side of tlie river. From the view I had of 
those gentry, in their procession by our houses, they 
appear to be, at least an equal number of them, of 
the very lowest class, but are almost all armed and 
fit for mischief.^' Hoilister adds: "Such was the 
language and such the bitterness of the reception 
meted out to the nev.'comers from Paxton entering 
the valley, it was thus amidst king's writs, poises 
and arrests, as will be seen, and all the severities inci- 
dent to the backwoodsman's life." etc. 

Whether Benjamin, Jr. (1715 ), remained 

at Pittston we do not know, as Hoilister says of the 
thirty-five Pittston settlers: "Although many of 
these n}en subsequently settled in the more central 
or lower townships, they at this time located on the 
belt of ground running in such exquisite beauty 
from Carapbell's Ledge down to the outlet of the 
Lackawanna." 

33 



LIEUT. BENJAMIN FGLI.ETT, Jk. (1715 -- — i. 

KiiJp. page 9n3, mentions "Benjamin Foliett, one 
of the Executive Coniniittee," as cap tared and sent 
to Easton a prisoner, 1773. But the trips to and from 
the Eastoii "«i;aol" were comparatively trivial affairs, 
coinpared Vv'ith the trouble which the Connecticut 
gettlers were submitted to for many years in rep:ard 
to the final titles for their lands. Volume XVIII, 
PeuuHylvania ArchiveSs Second Series, devotes 
nearly eight hundred pages to that almost intermin- 
able dispute. Had Benjamin Foliett (1715 ) 

not been possessed of a vast amount of grit and 
determination he vrould never have kept coming 
back at both Pennymites and Indians, as lie seems 
to have done after each time he was driven out of 
the Wyoming Valley. It is much to be regretted that 
there are at hand no details of his life during the 

rCTOKltior., bu* wr^ ve^i n^it^'rir^d thnf •^ Ttiof* \t1io 

vrould fight for his Connecticut claiins as he did, 
would fight just as hard for his country at the time of 
the great massacre of 177S, and we have reason to 
believe that he was in the valley at that time, as we 
Kee in the statement of Marvin Foliett, previously 
given, that he left the valley at some time after the 
massacre and returned again. His name does not 
appear in the list of survivors of the battle as given 
on the monument, and it is therefore quite probable 
that he was not in the battle, btit was either at his 
farm or in one of the other forts. 

34 



1626916 



A \VV(t.M!N!. IIOAIU 



EiLE. W. D., Libh\«'*'« STArt Cf PE-1.1. 

55 ^^<> 



"•"^i?i 




ELTPJIALET FOLLETT. 
(1741—1778) 

"On Susquehanna's side, fai- Wyoming ; 

Although the wild-flower on thy ruined wall 

And roofless homes a sad remembrance bring 

Of what thy gentle people did befall ; 

Yet thou wertonce the loveliest laud of all 

That see the Atlantic wave their inorn restore. 

Sweet land ! may 1 ihy lost dtligrht.-^ rec.'iU, 

And paint thy Gerlrudt in her bowers of yore, 

Vl'host befiuty was the love of I'cunsylvar.ia's shore ;'" 

—Gertrude of Wyoming. 

irKALET rOLLETT (1711—1^'^^} ^^^.c, son 
of Lieutenant Benjamin Follett, Jr. (1715 

). American Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 127, 

says: "Of Connecticut and Pennsylvania. 
Son of Benjamin, Jr. Born at Windham, Conn., 
January 16, 1711. died at King.ston, Pa., July 3, 177S, 
killed in the Wyoming massacre, and liis wife and 
children struggled to Vermont. Zvlarried March 8, 
1761, Elizahoiii De\Yey." Family records and tra- 
ditions corroborate all of the foregoing and ejiter 
into details to son*e extent. See notice of Elizabeth 
Dewey in Dewey records later on. Their children 
were : 

Martin Dewev, (17C5— 1831). 

diaries (17G7~1S14). 

Elizabeth (1700 ). 

Eliphalei (1771—1778). 

Benjamin (1774—1831). 

James (1770—1832). 

E!ipbai;>i [2d] 11779—1851). 

See notices of the children later on. 

Just when Eliphalet (1711 — 1778) moved to 
V/yoming we do not know. The Robinson Gene- 
alogy, to which reference will be frequently made 
later, gives the place of birth of Manin Dewey Fol- 
lett (1765 — 1831) uii Nine Partners (now Amenia. 

37 



F'LIPHALET FOLLETT (174M778). 

DueJiess Conntj), IT, Y. We have no record of the 
place of birtli of tbe otber chiidren except that of 
Eliphalet 2d (1779 — 1851) at Beniiington, aiid do 
records of any oUier events which would throw any 
light on Eliphalet's movements from 17G5 to 1774. 

In Miner's History of V/yomiug, p. 155, we find: 
''At a town meeting legally warned and held for 
Vt'estmoreland (^^yoming) March ye 1st, 1771-, for 
choosiug town omcers,-' etc. ^ * *' '"Adjonrned to 
March ye 2d, 1771.'" One hundred town ofjicers, 
select men, treasurer, constables and collectors of 
rates, surveyors of highways, fence viewers, listers, 
leather sealers, grand jurors, ty thing men, sealers 
of weights and measures and keydieepers were 
elected. Elipiialet Follett was fourth of fifteen who 
"were chosen listers for ye yeai' ensuing/' Th^^ 
would indicate JuiL ho wafi not at that tiniG a zzt: 
comer. 

It is possible that he was in the company of one 
hundred and forty-six, in the list of thirty-five of 
whom appears his father's name as settling at Pitts- 
ton in 1769, but it is only a matter of conjecture. One 
thing is sure, our family traoitions show that his 
farm of three hundred acres of good land at Kings- 
ton, was well stoched, and his house a aood one and 
in a desirable locality, which would indicate that he 
had been there for some time. The most prominent 
event in all our records, and that of which his de- 
scendants have thought and talked and written more 
than of any other circumstance in their famJly his- 
tory, was his tragic death in the Wyoming massacre, 
which brought such great hardship and suffering to 
Lis widow and children. 

The large American histories do not go into de- 
tail in their descriyitions of this great blot on the 
page of British history. Numerous boohs have been 
written on the ever popular subject, but for a com- 
prehensive idea of the massacre and the troublesome 
and bloody events of the years before and nfter, the 
reader is referred to Chapman's. Stone's, Miner's or 

38 



J-ITWTOPJCAL SKETCH OF WYOMING. 

Peck'a Hisiorles, long sijice out of print, but whicli 
may be fo;;url in our larpe libraries. 

Miner's is the largest arid most com]>lete..liistory, 
wbije Perk cites, more individual anecdotes. Hollis- 
ter's History of the Lacianvanna Yailey, Wright's 
Historical Sketches of Plymouth, I'a., Johnwon's 
Vryoniing Men-iorial, beiiip; an account in full of the 
great celebration, ejuly 3', j8TS, still for sale, and 
other works contain extended doscription-s of these 
terrible times, but they are larcely based on the 
earlier histories. A little work has just been pub 
lished by Eev. Horace Edvrin Harden, Correspond- 
ing Secretary of the ^Yyoming• Historical and Geo- 
logical Society, Wilkes-Barre, which, though not 
intended to be a complete history of the massacre, is 
most interesting reading to descendants of the -p^r- 

The reader who has not vrithin reach any of the 
works on 'vYyoming may be interested in a few linos 
on its hisiory, which some of our ancestors helped to 
make. 

The Talley, said by Peck to be one of the most 
beautiful spr.-ts in the world, twenty-one miles in 
length and about three in width, sliut in by beautiful 
Djountaius, and with the broad Susquehanna run- 
ning through it from nortlieast to southwest, was 
discovered by New England adventurers as early as 
1750. Their reports of the "Paradise" set on foot 
schemes of settlement and "The Susquehanna Com- 
pany," of whlcli, we have seen, Benjamin Follett,, Jr. 

(1715 )j was a prominent member, was fornsed 

in Connecticut in 1753, and after long and various 
disputes with the proprietaries of Pennsylvania, and 
the Indians, who claimed the land, a deed of pur- 
chase was obtained at Albany in 1751, from the nve 
nations of Iroquois, for £2,000. Tlie company em 
braced about six hundred persons (at times more), 
mostly of high standing and wealth, but nothing 
cov'kl be done until 1702, on account of InriUvn 



ELIPIJAI.ET FOIJ.ETT (174M77S). 

troubles, when two hundred -men entered the valley, 
laid out farms, planted crops and went back to Xew 
England la the fall, returning in the spritipj with 
their fiTniiliea. \Yi' have seen that Benjandn Follett, 

Jr. (1715 — ), was in this company. They were 

entering upoji a reason of great prosperity from 
abinuhmt crops, when they were attacked by a large 
party of savages. Miner says: "Unprepared for re- 
sistance, about twenty men fell and vrere scalped; 
the residue, men women and children, fled, in wild 
disorder, to the mountains. Language cannot de- 
scribe the sufferings of the fugitives as they 
traversed the wilderness destitute of food and cloth- 
ing, on ti^eir way to their former homes." More 
trouble with the Indians and civil war with the 
asents of the pio'orleiaries of Pennsyls'ania consti- 
tuted tiie history of Wyoming until lVi3, wnen 
hea\y immigration set in and by the end of the year 
1771 about two thousand persons were in the valley. 
Miner, pp. IGl and 1H6, pictures the beautiful scene 
of rural liappiness, the bountiful cror>s in the flats 
and larce herds find flocks on the hillsides, the Put'I- 
tan Sabbath, etc., in 1775, and the prompt action, in 
a town meetinc:, favoring independence, after the 
battles of Lexington and Bunker Rill. 

Vvilliam Clement Brvant. in his "Cai^tnin Brant 
and the Old King," pu. 7 and 8, says: "The valley 
of the Wyoming, in the earlv summer of 1778, r>re- 
seuted a f.cere o'^ neaceful and svlvan beauty. Slope 
and loT.innd, on either side of the Susouehanna, wer^^ 
dotted with clearinc^; and nestling cabins, the abode 
of contented toil, fru^cf^lity and virtue. No notes of 
strife or d]sct>rd aro:-=e from the bosom of the happv 
valley. Only the plaint of some wild bird; the t>1ow- 
boy's careless whistle; the merrv laugh and shouts 
of childrrm at nlay: the rinsr of the woodman's axe: 
the mnfflerl beatin^r of some thresher's flail, and the 
rhythmic plasli and irmrniur of the winding river, 
broke the STl>batb hush ^-f the embowered settle 
^ncnt. 

40 



EXPOSED CONDITION OF WYOMING. 

"WyoDiiiig vrould liave been the seat of unal- 
loyed happiness but for two eaiixes. The youth and 
ciiivairy ot the pioneers had, in i espouse to the 
trunipet-c?ll of dury, iefi their homes and familieB to 
the care of aged sires and striplings, and were fight- 
ing the battles of freedom on far away fields; and, 
besides, there was e\er an undehnabie, shivering 
fear Jcsl ai any moment, out of the dark, mysterious 
forest, which begirt the settlement, there might 
emerge a murderous horde of their impiacalde 
enemies, tory and savage." 

A regiment of militia was established, and in 
i<T6 two companies of Continentals were sent lo 
join Washington. The six nations became allies of 
the Hriiisii and V/yoming vras dangerously exposed. 

Chapman, p. 120, says: •'Kegular garrison duty 
was periormed in the several fortihcations by clascrs 
of the miiitia in successive order; in aduitioa to 
which a patrol called the "Scout" was established 
through the valley which was on duty night and day 
in succession, exploring all thickets and unfre- 
quented grounds in search of any lurking enemy 
wLich might have come to disturb their peace or spy 
out the land.-' 

Irving says: '"While hostilities were going on 
in the customary form along the Atlantic borders, 
Indian vrarfare, in all its atrocity, was going on in 
the interior. The Jiritish post at Niagara was its 
cradle. It was the common rallying place of tories, 
refugees, savage Vv'ari'iors and other desperadoes of 
the frontiers, and here was concerted the memorable 
incursion into the Valley of Wyoming, suggested 
by toi-y refugees who liad until recentlv inhabited 
it" 

This would Indicate that the sclieme was laid by 
whites in a spirit of revenge, but since Irying's Life of 
Washington was written, discoveries have been 
made in regard to Wyoming Valley history, as may 
be shown in the following letter: 
41 



ELIPHALET FOLLETT (1741-1778). 

Wyoming Historical axd Geologic.\i. 

SoriTiTY. 

Oface of the Corresponding Secretary, 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 2forf7yf?icr 15,1895.. . 
Major Harry P. Ward, Coliuuhus, 0.: 

Dear Sir; — In regard to the statement that Ir- 
ving makes as to the causes of the jjiassacre, we are 
now satisfied that it was not caused by the Tories 
vrho once inhabited tlie Talley, though they did 
w^econd the vile deed. You are rigltt in stating what 
was not believed until proven lately, that it was the 
Indians that perpetrated the massacre of 1763. The 
facts seem to be these: The Six Nations always 
claimed the Wyoming Valley. When it was pos- 
sessed by the white men they protested against it in 
T10 T^7op,snro(l tenus. In l^Iav, 17G3, the Six Nations 
sent an embassy to the Colony of Connecticut and 
asked that the valley be left uninhabited by their 
colonists. The}' protested that it was their laud and 
that tbey bad the first right to it, and had never re- 
linquished that right. The minutes of tbis con- 
ference have lately been discovered and will soon be 
published, but tjie fact has escaped the historians. 
The embassy returned hom.e determined to take re- 
venge if their protest was unheeded. Ilence the 
massacre of 1763, after which the Pennsylvania 
militia, vrho pursued the Indians, destroyed all that 
Avas left at "Wyoming, because they learned that the 
Indians intended to come back and take a.way what 
they had left. When Connecticut again occupied the 
valley, the Six Nations resolved on the destruction 
of tise settlement. You will note In my pamphlet 
that K.ayingwaurto took his action regardless of 
the English, and Butler was sent to him after the 
British learned of his purpose, and that he virtually 
Ignored Butler, who had no control or command of 
the Indians. Clans in his MSS. states that it was 
Brant's plan of operation that he should take Cherry 
Valley, vrhile Old King took Wyoming, and this plan 
was Tjurely of Indian origin, and the Tories were 
42 



CAUSES 01'' THE MASSACRE. 

liiimpiv luctory in carrying out the scheme vrhich 
they did uot themselves suggest or I'oster. The 
Toiies from the VVeaimoreh^.nd section were found in 
Butler's rangers and were thus glad of the oppor- 
tunity to take revenge on the valley people. The in- 
vasion was simply a part of a general plan to make 
simultaneous attacks on the weak parts of the 
frontier, and the absence of the two Continental 
companies from the valley made this a very import- 
ant objective point. Thus the Jiix >,'ations were seek- 
ing to recover possession of their lost territory. I have 
lately had the opportunity to examine a scarce scrap 
book of papers by Mr. Cruikshanks, of Canada, on 
the British side, that confirms ail I have said. Of 
course the price of scalps was a fruitful source of ail 
Buch invasions by the Indians. If I can serve you 
furrherj con-tiriand me. 

Cordially Yours, 
Horace Edwin Hayden. 

I?ev. Hayden, in his ''Wyoming Massacres" gives 
the petition to Congress in 1S3T, from which the 
following are extracts: ^'During the revolutionary 
war Wyoming stood an extreme frontier, an outpost, 
on the borders of the settlement of the savage enemy. 
To Snnbur}-, the nearest inhabited place dov%'n the 
Susquehanna, it was sixty miles; through the Great 
Swamp it was sixty miles, a pathless wilderness, to 
Bethlehem or Easton. The warlike and bloody Mo- 
hawks, Senecas and others of the Six Nations, occu- 
pied all the upper branches of the Susquehanna and 
vrere within a few hours sail of our settlements, 
vrhich were exposed to constant attacks. Thus ex- 
posed, we stood as a shield to all settlements below 
us. In this situation, every man might well be con- 
sidered as enlisted for and during the whole war. 
There was no peace, no security at Vv'yoming. The 
husbandman took his hoe in one hand and his rifle in 
the other, to the cornrield. Several forts were built 
and garrisons steadily maiutaineu. This was done 
by the people, by the militia, by -common consent and 
common exertion." 

43 



ELIPHALET FOLLETT (1741-1778). 

iii mentloDing the Six Nations the following ap- 
pears: ''It Tvas the most pov/erful and dreadful con- 
federacy oi" Indians the while man had ever en- 
countered on This continent. Their victorious arms 
reached to the Cata^bas of Carolina, and dealt out 
bolts of ^en^eauce upou the llohicans of New Eng- 
land." 

It has been stated by some historians that 
Brant, the Mohars-k, was the Indian leader. Both 
Peck and Havden show that such was not the case, 
Hayden proving beyond any doubt tha.t a powerful 
Seneca chief, Kayingwaurto, was the leader of the 
savages. 

Frantic appeals for aid were sent to both Con- 
gress and Coiinecticut, and tlie Continentals from 
Wyoming, who were with Washington, begged to be 
:'.nov,ed to retuin to tlie defeiise of their homes, but 
all in vain. Colonel Zebulon Butler and a few other 
Continental otlicers obtained leave of absence or re- 
signed and did get back to their homes and took com- 
mand of the military organizations. 

44 



TH?: WYOMIXO MASSACRE, 

(Jul J 3, 1778) 

"And must I than^^e my soug? auJ must I show. 
Sweet Wyoraiug: ! ilie day when ihou -.vert doomed, 
Guiliiess, to mourn thy loveliest bjwers laid low ! 
When, where of yesterday a garden bloomeci, 
Death overspread i^is pall, and blackeuiiig ashes gloomed !" 
' —Qerlrude of Wyoming. 

UXE 30, 1778, CoioDel John Butler, lory, with 
400 Pruvineiais and 600 or 700 Indians, en- 
t tered the head of the valley for the purpose 
%.^-^ of dri •. ii:>; ord the settlers. Colonel Zebulon 
Butler, the patriot, took, by common consent, com- 
mand of the little patriot force, which consisted, ac- 
cording to Peck, of "two hundred and thirty enrolled 
men," in which it is supposed Eliphalet Foliett (1741 
— 177S) served as an enlisted man^ probably in Cap- 
tain Aholiab Buck's Kingston company, and "seventy 
old people, boys, civil magistrates and other volun- 
teers." It is possible that Benjamin Poilett (1715 — 
— — ) served as one of the old men in some capacity, 
and that Martin Dewey Foilett (1765 — 1631) served 
somewhere as a boy, although no record has as yet 
come to light showing the exact whereabouts of any 
of the Folfetts on that day. The rolls of tlie six com- 
panies of militia Avho went into the battle do not 
seem to be in existence, but we know beyond any 
shallow of doubt that Eliphalet (1711 — 1778) was 
killed in the massacre from his name being on the 
monument as among the slain, and none were slain 
except those who were in the battle, or killed a day 
or so before. The fact that the will of Benjamin was 
probated 1788, and the general understanding among 

45 



TPIE WYOMIXG MASSACRE, JULV 3, H'S. 

the iiistoi'aiis that ever}- man who was able to figlit 
did Jiis sliare of duty in some manner or other, would 
lead to the supposition that he too v>-as an actor in 
the awfu! Siicenes of tJiat day, even though he may 
not have been in the battle. 

Had the younger ohicers deferred to the better 
judgment of the older ones in the council of war held 
in I'orty i ort, whither most ot the settlers had tied for 
safety, the patriot force v.'ould have remained in the 
fort and withstood a siege, in the hope of receiving 
sufficient reinforcement in Captain >?x>auldinf]^"s com- 
pany of Continentals, who were then marching to 
their relief. Bat the majority were in favor of giving 
battle to the invaders, and accordiugiy they marched 
out several miles to the northward to the music of 
"St. Patrick's Day in the 2dorning," and, in a well- 
arranged line of 1.. at Lie artaclied the enemv. it 
would take a far more gifted pen than this to show 
with any degree of justice how those noble women 
endured their mental agonies while their husbands 
and sons went forth to oppose that horde of red sav- 
ages and white tories, who were the equals af the 
red men in cruelty; and how that untrained band 
of heroes fought like tigers for the lives of their 
loved ones, their homes and their all, until the fata] 
misunderstanding of a command to the company 
on the left Hank to fall back to another po- 
sition. The steady and well-directed fire of the 
right wing was driving in the British left, 
when hundreds of Indians, yellii)g like demons, 
sprang upon the left flank company, who, at that 
critical moment, mistook the command "fall back'- 
for "retreat." In an instant there ensued a wild rush 
for the river, some distance to the east, the Indians 
using tomahawk and scalping knife with horrible 
effect. To them it was a race for scalps and victims 
for torture, to the patriots a race for life. Many 
reached the river only to be shot down in their eft'crts 
to swiii to the east bank. Very fevr escaped. 
Eliphaiet Follett vras one of a large number who 

46 



BATTLE ANIJ FLIGHT. 

were shot in tiie waier bv tories. Probably bis scalp 
was talvec along v/ith the rest. 

liaydeii states that the lory Butler reported 227 
scalps talcen at Wyomiiiy, for^whieh ^lO'eadi was 
paid by the Briush, ^2,270 in all. 

Irving ill his Life of Washington, Vol III, p. 435, 
states: "According to the British accouutfc;, upwards 
oi four hundred of the yeomanry of Wyoming were 
slain," * * * ,Tiid ''Upwards of ' live thousand per- 
sons fled/' etc. This British account was, no doubt, 
exaggerated. Irving adds: ''It was one of the most 
atrocious outrages perpetrated throughoirt the war; 
and as usual, the tories concerned in it vrere the 
most vindictive and merciless of the savage crew." 

In the petition to Congress, before mentioned 
as published by Eev. Hayden, the following appears: 
"In tl'c nEun) ;. nf that tearful but glorious con Diet 
(the Revolution) not a page recounts a livelier devo^ 
tion of the cause of liberty, or depicts a bloodier field, 
deeper sufferings or more extensive losses of prop- 
erty. All America and Europe were tilled, at the 
time, vritli the melancholy details."' 

Miner says, p. 224: ''Every captain that led a 
company into action was slain, and in every instance 
fell on or near the line. * •' * They fought bravely; 
every man and ofhcer did his duty; but they were 
overpowered by threefold their force.'' Peck says: 
"It was a dreadful hour. Tije few old men who were 
left in the fort, and the v\'omen and children, lined 
the bank of the river with throbbing hearts, 
listening to the noise of the battle. * *- * More 
than two hundred of the patriots fell in this 
fearfal conflict. * * * Many were hrst made prison- 
ers and then massacred in the most cruel and 
barbarous manner by the savages. * * * At night- 
fall the fugitives came into the fort, exhausted with 
the toils and terrors of the day. But, oh, hovv' many 
husbands and sons came not! The sadness of that 
night vviil never be adequately sketched." 

47 



THE WYOMING MABSACRE, JULY 3, 1778. 

QuaclicDbos tells ol a CaptLiin Bidlack beiug 
thrown alive on buriiiiig coaly where lie was held 
witli xjilciiioTJis liiiiii be expired. Hayden sbow.s 
tbav tins dpl;^in Bidlack had been wounded on the 
line previous to his capture. Peek laentions a boy 
who went iiilo the hghi by his lather's side, and was 
taken prisoner a.ud put on the points ot lour bayoneto 
planted in tLe ground and roasted to death by a slow 
lire built under him. 

On duly 5ih, after articles of capitulation had 
been signed and ]jevsonai protection guaranteed by 
Colonel Uutler (tory) the Indians entered the fort, 
and alter a short time i>utler declared he could do 
nothing >^ ith the Indians and left. Among the nu- 
merous: instances of beastly cruelty related by Peck, 
tne following, which occurred alter the battle, is 
j.nven ?!S being a case probably somev^'hat parallel ..o 
that ot Eliphalet Follett: ''JClijah Shoemaker (Lieu- 
tenant of C aptain Aholiab Buck's compan^^, in which 
it is supposed Eiiphaiet Follett served) was seen 
wading in the river by one Windecker, a tory, w^ho 
had been treated by fcjhoemaker with the kindness 
with which a father would treat a son. \vindecker 
said to hira, 'Come out Shoemaker.^ 'I'm afraid,' said 
Slioeniiiker, 'you will gire me up to the Indians.' 
'Xo,' said Windecker, 'I will save you, they shan't 
hurt you.' But no sooner did Shoemaker come vrithin 
his reach, than the -perhdious wretch dashed his 
tomahawk into his head and set his body ahoat. The 
body was taken up at the fort, and Mrs. Shoemaker, 
with a cliiid in her arms, came down to the water's 
edge to be agonized witli the sight of the mangled 
corp.s'.e of 1 or- husband." ^Ve know that Eliphalei 
Follett Avas shot by a tory in the river. Mrs. Han- 
nah Clark, his grand-daughter (the writer's great 
aunt), BOW aged 92 >eais, states that her grand- 
mother has told lie)' that liis body was disovered some 
da\-s after the battle, in the river, a most horrible 
sight, entirely unrecognizable, it being identified by 
bis silver knee buckles. She further states that her 

48 



DOMESTIC «UFFERi:S'G. 

grandmother was in the fori, and their house, a fine 
fwo-^tory log building', ri;.ci)!; on tlie bank of the Sus- 
quehanna, i'urDi.^hecl in elepant style tor that day, 
with e.'nbroidered bed curtains, etc., was so near thai 
she could see tlie feathers lly from her beds which the 
Indians and tories were ri]»piug open. She also saw 
them take her thirteen silk aprons of various colors, 
red, green, etc., and rip them into ribbons. Tlie boy, 
Martin Dewey Follett (17f)5 — ISol), begged for the 
family bible, of a tory, who was, like other tories, 
painted like an Indian, calling the tory by name. 
Calling him by name so incensed the tory that he 
raised his hatchet and said he would kill him if he 
called his name again, ne succeeded in getting the 
bible, but other things that they begged for they did 
not get Tliey had to beg for the old mare that was 

■■■-,-. -T' ■" - ■■■'■■-■.,■ I. , .ll.--^'-^ .,.,1 ••. - V--' i\ -^CJ Q 

>t v^i I. IIXV oo eV, iJiC lk/< (wUJ V-JL O <liJ.U. V^Xl<; i.J\\.L LV> H.TC lift A 

saddle. An incident, shoAving the actions of the In- 
dians after the massacre, is related by a Mrs. Myers 
in recli's History: ''They took onr feather beds, and, 
ripping open the ticks, flung out the feathers, and 
crammed in their plunder, consisting mostly of fine 
clothing, and throwing: them over their horses, went 
off. A squaw earne riding up Y^'ith ribbons stringing 
from her head over her horse's tail. Some of the 
squaws would have on two or three bonnets gen- 
erally back side before. One rode off astride of 
mother's side-saddle, that, too, wrong end foremost, 
and mothers scarlet cloak hanging before her, being 
tied at the back of her neck." A few days later the 
homes were burned. 

Bancroft, Vol. V, p. 280, says: "The Sencf^as 
roamed over the surroundins: country, adepts in 
murder and devastation. The British leader boasted 
in his report that his pnrty had burnt a thousand 
houses and every mill. * * * The ancient affection 
for England was washed out in blood.'' 

Quackenbos says: "The unfortunate people of 
Wyoming were compelled to ilee from their once 
happy valley to distant and securer settlements. 

49 



THE V.'YOMTXG MASSACRE, JTJLY 3, 1778. 

Few siirvivetl tlio hori-ors of the fiiglit. Some ee- 
raped the red mais's knife only to iind a slovrer death 
from exposure and fatigue. Others dragging their 
weary limbs tliev knew not. whither, lost their way 
on the mountains or hid in caverns till starvation 
ended their sufferings. Distracted mothers hurried 
their children through the wilderness, and when 
their little ones fainted on the way and died, folded 
the lifeless bodies to their hearts, and bore them 
many a toilsome mile to save them from the hungry 
wolves. Lovely Wyoming was desolate." 

Miner, p. 231, tells a story, related by a young 
girl, who saw the circumstance, of a widow, who, 
sitting by the roadside, had learned the death of her 
husband: ''Six children were on the ground near 
her. The Troup, the very image of despair, for they 

were uiliIuul xOou, Ju.;?!. uc Lixdi. iiioj.Aj.v.^L ^i ^^„^ v\ eta 

seen riding rapidly towards them from the settle- 
ment. It was :Mr. Hollenback. Foreseeing the prob- 
able destitution, he had providently loaded his horse 
with bread and was hastening back, like an angel of 
mercy to their relief. Cries and tears of gratitude 
and welcome went up to heaven. He imparted a 
morsel to each and hastened on to the relief of 
others." Could this widow have been Elizabeth 
Dewey Follett? Such must have been her condition. 
The Follett mother and her six children strug- 
gled on to Vermont (Mrs, Clark says, to Bennington), 
where one child died from the effects of the journey, 
and v^•here Eliphalet (second) was born but a few 
months later. It would be impossible to describe the 
hardships of that long and dreary journey, the 
mother's sorrow, pity for her little ones, and bitter 
feelings over her widowhood and her abject pov- 
erty. On the journey she fell and broke her arm. 
and they were three days in the woods before as- 
sistance'could be gotten. >[artin carried and led his 
little brother James, two years of age, who was bare- 
footed, until he had an opportunity, when stopping 
at the house of a torv, to take a pair of shoes that 

50 



RE-^'i^EAT Op- ELIPHALET FOLLETT'S WIDOW. 

were near the cloor and, unknown to his mother, con- 
ceal them until they were fur enough on their way 
to be sure his mother would not send him back with 
tliem. The writei''^ grandmother, Peryis Follett 
Parker, has said that her grandmother, Elizabeth 
Dewey Follett, had told her that they travelled a 
hundred miles with the old hor.se and were then met 
by friends from Benninpton, Yeruiont, who had 
heard of the disaster and had come in wagons to 
tlieir assistance. It is not known just who these 
friends were, but it is su]>])osed that they were some 
of IJev. Jedediah Dewey's faraily. Mrs. Clark says 
that her father, Martin^Dewey Follett (1765—1831;, 
lold her that his little brother James' feet became 
so scratched and sore, on the rough roads, that they 
often bled, before he appropriated the tory shoes. 

'»'!. ,, . . . ,. . - -^ , -1 J. ^i(> --.,,, ;,_. 

A ^jilver spoon, which was the property of Eliza- 
beth Dewey Follett, is now in possession of Mis;< 
Annette Ward, of Columbus, Ohio, and a beautiful, 
pocket of the colonial style, which she made when 
but se^■en years of age, and which she used at the 
time of the massacre to carry her yaluable trinkets, 
etc., in, concealed under her dress skirt, is now 
ow^ned by Mr. Truman Woodworth, of Carey, Ohio. 

In the fall of 1778 Colonel Zebulon__Butler 
(pat^-iot), with Captain Spauhling's company "of Con- 
tinentals and a few settlers returned to the valley. 
On October 22, more than three and a halt months 
after the battle, the remains of some ninety of the 
slain were gathered togetlter and buried in a common 
grave. It was impossible to identify them, v,'ith fevr 
exceptions, especially as many had been scalped and 
mutiiated. 

In the summer of 1770 General Washington sent 
General Sullivan with som.e four thousand troops 
into the country of the Six Nations for the nurpose of 
ridding the frontier of the hostile Indians and tories. 
The same Colonel John Butler (tory) who executed 
the Wyoming massacre, made a resistance with 

o] 



THE VvYOMJXG MASSACRE,, JULY 3. 1778. 

nearJv two thousand of his red and white savages, 
but was routed. It took the four thousand trooyns 
thirty days of actual woi-k to lay waste the iudian 
c uiutry. Their gdorious liehls ripe v.ith the harvests, 
their splendid orch<ii'ds. their homes, their every- 
thing were swept avray hy the firm and terrible hand 
of. destruction and revenge. Wyomino- and Clierry 
Valley were avenged. 

The location of the grave was unknown until 
jS32, wiien a movement was i)ut on foot for the erec- 
tion of a monument. Some ten years after, the 
monument, a granite pile sixty-two ond a half feet 
high, costing some eight thousand dollars, vras 
erected on the spot of the grave. 

On tlie front slab is the following: 

Z-iear this spot was fought 

'jn the afternoon of Friday, the third da^ of 

July, 1778, 

THE BATTI.K OF WYOMIN'G, 

In which a small band of patriotic .^iti^ricans, 

Chiefly the UDdi5ci[-.!ined, the youthful and the aged, 

Spared by inefficiency fronj the distant ranhs of the Republic. 

IvCd ><y Col. Zebulon Butler and Col. Nathan Denison. 

Wifh a courage tliat deserved success, 

Boldly met and bravely foug^ht 

A combined British, Tory and Indian force 

of thrice their nnnibci. 

Xnnterical superiority aioiie ^ave success to the invader. 

And widespread li.ivoc, desolation and rinn 

Marked his savage and bloody footsteps through the Valley. 

THIS MONTMENT, 

Commemorative of these events, 

and of ihe actors in theta, 

has been erected 

OVER THK BONES OV THS SLAIN 

By their descetidanTs and others, who gratetully 

appreciated 

the services and saciifices of their patriot 

ancestors, 

52 












Uk^ 



s&jsts. ^-r 



PiSM.Si ON Cf 



THK WYOMING MOM >'K 



■5-f 



THE MONUBIENT. 

On the s.outbwest and northeast slabi=^ are in- 
scribed the names of those vrho ^rere killed at the 
time of the massacre. All but a very few of these 
rames ^x'eTe put on at the time of the erection of the 
ijionumc-nt, ihe others havir.g been added since. 

CrVCE KT DKCORU.M KiT J KO PATUIA MORI. 
SLAIN IN I-.ATTLE. 



FIKLD OFFICERS, 



Lt. Col. George Dor 



Major Jonathan ^V;lUe Garrett. 



CAPTAINS, 



James Bidlack, jr., 
Aholi.^b Buck, 



Rezin Geer, 
Del hick Kewitt, 
■"-Vni, McKarrsclif 



Samuel Ransom, 

Lazarus Sieivart, 
James Wigdon, 
Asaph Whittlesey. 



LIErTEX.AVTS. 



A. Athertou, 
Aaron Gaylord, 
Prrrin Uo.'is, 
Laiarur. Stewart, 



Flnvins Waterman, 
Stoddart Eowen, 
TJmothv Pierce, 



Elijah Shoemaker. 
Asa Stevens, 
James Wells. 



ENSIGNS, 



Jeremiai- Bigtord, 
Silas Gore, 



Jonathan Otis. 
Asa Gore, 



Titus Hinman, 
Wiiliam While. 



PRU'.'iTES, 



Jabei Atherton, 
Christopher Avei y, 

Ackkc, 

Jabez Ue-Ts, 
Sainuei Bigford, 
Davie Ei.Yby, 
Kiias Bixby, 
John Boyr;, 
John Br-jwn, 
Thomas Brown. 
vVilHaci Buck, 
Joseph T'.udd, 
Ai;.os Builock, 
Asa Buliock 
H°nry Bush, 
KiOii Brockway. 
John Caldwell, 



D. Detilon, 
Ai^dersou Dana. 
Conrad Da>.-eaport. 
George Downing, 
James Devine, 
Levi Duau, 
WiUiam Dunn, 
Ducher, 

Benjamin Finch. 
Daniel Finch. 
JohJi Finch. 
EUsba Fish, 
Cornelius Fitcbett. 
£iiphaiet Foiiett, 
Thomas Faxon, 
John Franklin, 
Stephen Fuller, 
Thomas Fuller, 
o5 



Joshua Landoti, 
Daniel Lawrence, 
William Lawrence, 
Francis Led yard, 
James.Lock, 
Conrad I,owe 
Jacob X.owe. 
William Lester, 

C McCartee, 
Nicholas Manville, 
N'er.) Matthe-.-son, 
A lexander *vVc?«Iilian , 
Job Marshall. 
Audrew Mil!.-^rd. 
John Murphy, 
Robert Mcliitire, 

Joseph Ogden, 



THE WYOMING RI ASS ACRE, -TTJLY J5, 1778. 



Josiah Carriian, 


George Gore, 


.■^hc) Psltuer. 


Joseph Cary, 


Gardnei , 


Silas Parke. 


Joel Church. 


Green, 


Wi;iin:5^I'..vktr, 


Wi'iHara CrSTeiiu, 




Jc an recite. 


JaiiJcsCofTerin. 


Benjamin Hatch, 


Uci^zy P-;t:cn, 


Sarauel Cole, 


V.'ini.im Hammon. 


Noah Pttt-bone, jr. 


Isaac Catrphell, 


Silas ITarvey, 




Campbell, 


SatiJnel Hutchiuson. 


Jeremiah Rr,:,s, jr., 


PobertCou) stock. 


Cyp-iau Hebaid, 


Elisha Richords, 


Kingsley Comstock. 


Levi Hicks, 


Wiliiam Reynolds, 


("Cook, 


John Kutchins, 


P:iia5 Roberts, 


Brothtrs ■( Cook, 


James Hopkius, 


Timolhy Rose, 


Cook, 


Nathaniel Howard, 




Christopher Courtright, 


Zipporah Hibbara, 


Abram .Shaw, 


John Courtvighl, 


Elijah Inmaii, 


James Shaw, 


Anson Corey, 


Israel Irman, 


Joseph Shaw. 


Jeuks Corey, 




Constant Searle, 


Rafus Corey, 




Abel Seely. 


Jo; eph C-.-cker, 


Samuel Jackson. 


Levi Speucor, 


Ssmuel Crocker, 


Robert Jamesoij, 


Eleazer Sprague, 




j.cepbjer^i"- 


Aaron =tark. 


jiU i ^,;i,..^. 




Josiah Spenter, 


Danus Sr-offord, 


John Van Wie. 


Eton W ilcox. 


Jan^es Spexicer, 




John V.-'illiams, 


Joseph Staples, 


F.lihu Waters, 


John Ward. 


Reuben -Staples. 


Jonathan Weeks. 


John Wilson, 


F.ufv.s Steven?, 


Bartholomew Weeks, 


Parker Wilson, 


James Stevenson, 


Philip VVeeks, 


William Woodring-, 


Nailer Sweci',. 


Peter V.'heelcr, 


Aziba Williams, 


1 


Steuheu Whiton. 


V/?.de, 


Gcirx^ali-lTruesdale, 


Ebeu Wilccx. 


Oiias Yale. 


Irh:'.bod Tuillt, 


EHhu "Williams, jr.. 




.*bram Vaa;ort'er, 


Rufus WilliaDis, 


Gershom Prince, c< 



Lieut. Boyd, killed at Forty Fort after the Battle. 



The naiiie of ElijjliaJet Foliett is found in the 
lists as given bv Miner unci reck. We may therefore 
believe thiit his njime vras among tho&e inscribed at 
the building of the monument. 

The bones of the slain, so far as recovered, rest 
in a chamber in the base of the monument. 

The names of those who participated in the 
battle and survived are on a slab over a door leading 
l;o the vault, on the southeast side, as follows: 

56 



INSCBIPTTOMS ON THE MOXTTMJDN' 



jabezFish, 

John Abbott, 
Gideon Baldwiu, 
Zera Beach, 
Rufus Eenneti. 
Solomon Bennett. 
Elisha Plackir.an. 

:;athan Carey, 

George Cooper, 

Joseph Elliott. 

Sainnel Finch, 
I'oswell Franklin, 
Hu£,'h i-'orsraa::. 



John Gardner, 
Dacicl Csrr, 
Saicuel Cnrsv. 



IVilliam Crooks, 
Tvliitr Rofabiiis, 
EtaJEirair. Har Ji 



COLON e:,s. 
lU fcutler, N'athan Dr:\if,-n. 

LIStlEVANTS, 

Gove, li.i.olhy liowc. 

ENSIGNS, 

Downing, Matthias Hoilenbock 

SERGEANTS, 

Phineas Spafford, Gaiea. 

PRIVATES, 

^-^-Thonif.s Fuller, 
John Garrett, 
Samuel Gore, 

Lemuel Gu.stiu, 
James Green, 

Lebbeus Hammond, 
Jacob Haldroti, 
Klishn H.T-ris. 
Ebenezer Heberd, 
William Heberd, 

Richard lutnau, 
David Inmaii, 

John Jamison, 
Henry Lickers, 



Joseph Morse, 
Thomas Neill, 

Josiab Pfll,, 
Phineas Pierce. 
Abrahor-; Pikt, 

John N. >kicner, 
Giles Siocum, 
Walter spencer, 
Edwdrd Spencer, 
Amos Staftbrd, 
Roger Searle, 

CLierrick Westbrook 
Eleszer VVest, 
Daniel Washburn. 



VKISDNERS TAKUN K.<OM VVYOSTIXG, 



Daniel Wallen, 
Daniel Rosencraiit 



EH-ha Wilcox, 
Pierce. 



KILLED ON APPROACH TO WYOMJNl 



Stukeley Hardinc 
James Harliall. 
James Hadrall. jv 



■WiUiaru Martin, 
Quocko, [colored.] 



On July .3d, 1S7S, a celebration of the one hun- 
dredth :iiiniversarv of the massacre ^vas held in the 
Wyoming Valley, which, in it.s way, was one of the 
grandest celebrations in the history of our country. 
Fifty thousand visitors attended, inclv.dino- Presi- 
dent Hayes and many of the highest oiKciah; in the 
nation, and the exeicises lasted for several days. 

57 



TRIG WYOMING MASSACRE., JTJLY 3, 1778. 



•--a^ 






jSa^^li^ 










jrv or? wkstmorOTjAnd. itts. 



The aboTe map is reproduced from Peck's His- 
tory, from wlticli the foiloTviug explauation is also 
extracted : 

A. Fort Durkee. 

B. Wyoroin;^ or Wilkes-Barxe Fort. 

C. Fort Ogden. 

D. Village of Kingston. 

E. Forty Fort. 

F. Battie-groiind, site of Monument. 

G. Wiutermoot'sFort. The dot below G marks 
QuGOii Fctlier's Rock, where tliat female savage is 
said to have brained nearly a score of victims durin<T 
the night of July 3rd, in revenge for the killing of 
her son. 

R. Fort Jenkins. 

I. Monoeasy Island. 

J. Three Pittstown Stocliades. 

The distances from Wilkes-Barre bridge of t<^'- 
day are as follows: Fort Durkee, half mile; Fort 
Ogden, three and a half miles; Pittstown Stockades, 
eight miles; Forty Fort, three and a half miles; 
Monument, five and a half miles; Queen Esther's 
■Rock, six and a half miles; Wintormoot's Fort and 
Fort Jenkins, eight miles; Kingston, half mile 

5S 



CHlLDPtEN OF ELIPHALET FOLLETT. 
(IT'll— 1T78.) 



IKST.— Martin I)e\YeY Follett (1765—1831), 
son of Eliphalet FolJelt (1741-— 17TS). Bee 
chapter on ('aptain Martin Dewey Follett. 




t'eeoDd. — Charles Follett (1767 — 1S14), son of 
Eiiphaiet Follett (1711 — 1'<78), was born Jul}- 16, 
17G7. Place of birth not known, but supposed to be 
^MjLic i^rtitjutri^, now Amenia ,N. Y. AVus cleveii 
years of age at the time of the Wyoming massacre. 
Jennings' History of Benniiigton, p. 150, says that he 
married Hannah, daughter of Colonel Samuel Kobin- 
son, whose wife was Esther, daughter of Deacon 
Joseph Saiford (1705 — 1775). They had one son, who 
died without issue. Charles Follett (17G7 — 18 J 4) was 
a captain in the regular army in the war of 1812, 
taking sick in the sei'vice and returning to his home 
in Cambridge, Vt., where he died September 4 (one 
record gives it September 14), 1814. His name is 
found in Hammersly's liegular Army Register, 1779 
to 1871), p. 73, as "Caplain, Tenth U. S. Infantr}-, com- 
missioned 12 March 1S12." His regiment, according 
to Lossing's Field Book of the War of 1812, saw no 
little service in the Plattsburgh campaign. 



Third. — Elizabeth Follett (1769 ), daugh- 
ter o^ Eiiphaiet Follett (1741 — 1778), was born May 
4, 1769. Phice of birth not known, but supposed to 
be Nine Partners, X. Y. Was at Wyoming, Pa., at 
the time of the ma.-sacre in 177S, being nine years of 
age. ^larri^^d Deacon William Reynolds, a Baptist, 
ixiul lived at Cambridge, Vt. She was the mother of 
seven or eight ciiildren, of whom no records are at 



CHILDREN OF ELIPHAI.ET FOLl.ETT (1741-1778). 

ijund. Mrs. Clark lemeiiibers Die names of four of 
tiicuij neury, Betsevj Aiartiji y.nd Faiiuy. , -, 

Fourth. — EIi}3halet FoJlet.t (IVTl- -17TS), yon o.f 
Eliphaiet.Foiietl (.1741 — 1776), was born jla^v -L 1771. 
probably al Jsiiie Partners, N. Y., but possibly at 
Wyomiup:, Pa. Died Au<'ust 30, 1778, x)robably from 
the eli'ecc-s of ibe journey after the Wyomiug mas- 
pacre. Place of death vras undoubtedly Benniiig- 
tOD, Vt 



Filth. — Beiijamiu Follett (1774 — JS31j, son ol 
Eiiphalet Follett (1741 — 1776), was born July 22, 
1774, undoubtedly at Wyoming, Pa., as we find hhs 
lathei- elected to a tovvu ohice there previous to this 
date. At the time of the massacre he was four years 
01 age. lie married Mercy JSobie, who may have t jci: 
a relative of his stejj-father, ''Captain Eli Kobie, 
Esquire.'-' His children were: P>enjamin, Leodwick, 
Eliza and Olive. Airs. Clark stales that he took 
small-pox Y.'hile in Moutreai on one occasion, return 
lug to his home, which was turned into a pest house. 
This was, ]\Ji's. Clark thinks, in 1803. The disease 
left him badly pitted. 

In the war of 1S12 he was lieutenant of his 
brother's company of Enosburgh militia. His name 
is one of those attached to the celebrated remon- 
strance add]'essed to Governor Martin Chittenden in 
November, 1813, He "moved west,'' settling in ilie 
vicinity of Cleveland, Ohio. Xo records concerning 
his children have been found. 



Bixth.— James Follett (1776—1832), son of 
Eiiphalet Follett (1741-- 1778), was bom July 2, 1776, 
at Wyomirg, Pa. From all accounts he must have 
Buffered mu':]i on the retreat from Wyoming valley, 
being only two years of age at the time. He married 
Bally Keilv, who was born July 2, 1792, and wha 
died March 0, 1829. He died Aagust 23, 1832, of 
clio ler-a, at Buitulo, N, Y. His children were: 

Charles D., born August V.\ 1813, died Septens- 
berS, 1814. 



SOME GBA N'DCHILDEEX. 

Jamefci iJ.j born June 24, ISlo, now liviug io Chi- 
cago. Hia cluidreii, now living, are Mary (Mrs. 
Dean), James I),, Jr., Ciiarles L. and William S. 

JSaraii U, born April 24, .18.17, married Charles 
O. LiOise, lived in 3iedina, 0.,.und died December 21, 
1887. 

Marlin P., born April, 2G, 1S20, novr living in 
Chicago. 

Charles L., iiorn jMay 7, 1S22, died os cholera Au- 
gust 18, 1811), at Huntington, lud. 

Willi an: K., born March 25, 182-1, died March 13, 
1831. 

2serina A,, l^orn May 18, 182G, married Mr. 
Perry and is now living with her brother, James D. 
Folieit, in Cbii ago. 

Stephen D., born ^'ovember 11, 1S2S, died ilarch 
'^7 1^31 

When James Follett (1776 — 1S32) lost his wife in 
1829, he took his seven living children, the oldest of 
whom was under thirteen years of age, and the 
youngest not quite four months old, to the home of 
his brother, Martin Dewey Follett (1765—1831), who, 
our traditions tell us, had alwa^'s been an ait'ectionate 
older brother, to whom his btoiiiers and sister could 
come in their times of trouble. 



Seventh.- -Eliphalet Follett (1779 ), son of 

Eiiphalet Follect (1741 — 1778), was born at F.en- 
jiiagt oil, Vt., j'anuary 10, 1779, six months after the 
den.tli of his father in the Wyoming massacre. His 
• •hi}<Jren were Dewey, Abel, Julia, Ciemence, Theoda, 
i>etsey, Tryfena and Mary, but nothing much seems 
to be know)! of them now. The family removed to 
Bellevue, O. Several of the daughters married men 
of great, -NV-'-alth. Mrs, Piatt, of Columbus, O., states 
that :<1.'0 luid a visiting acquaintance v/ith some of 
them in iier younger days, and that she was in Paris 
at the time one of them v.'as married there in great 
splendor. The v/riter's grandmother, ilrs. Parker, 
also had a vi::iting acquaintance with them many 

years ago, Eiiphaiet Follett (1779 — ■ ) mairied 

his second wife and, after her death, n third. 

01 




CAPTAIN MAETllN DEV/EY FOLLETT. 
(lTo5 — 1831) 



AETiy DEWEY FOLLETT (1765—1831), 
\* son of Elipiia]et Foliett (,1711— 1778) was 
born, according to i'amilj records, July 
4, 17 Go. The liobinson (ieueaiogy gives 
tlie place ol his birth as Nine Partners (nov: Amenia, 
Dtu iiess County), New York, just west of the Coii- 
uecticuv. line. The next record we have of hiin is his 
f.-oi^DGction with tJie retreat from the Wyoming va'- 
ley after the massacre in 17 78. \Vhile we have no 
pot-itive assurance that he actually participated in 
the battle of July 3d, 1778, we have reason to suppose 
that he did his share of duty at that time, in some 
capacity, as the histories of tbe Wyoming valley give 
nniny instances of the deeds of young boys at that 
timel^ The younger boys who wei'e too young xo be 
in the companies with the men, it seems had formed 
a company by themselves under the command of a 
boy of hf teen years of age. We hnd no record of this 
company going into the battle as a company, but the 
various 'accounts show that at least two such boys 
were killed in the massacre, and that one escaped by 
running. Stone, p. 188, says: "Captain Aholiab 
Buck and his son, aged only fourteen, were both 
wslain.'-' We read of a boy less than twelve years of 
age who was too young to carry a musket, but drove 
a team hauling logs while one of the forts Avas being 
built. F'Tom all accounts we come to but one conclu- 
sion, that the settlement of Wyoming stood together 
as a unit in the common defence, the old men. the 
women and the older children all doing their share, 
while the men wore doing military duty. The hard- 
ships of the retreat of Martin Dewey Foi left's mother 
from the valley, in which it would appear, from what 

62 



/. REVOI.UTIONAEY SOLDIER. 

meager records we have, that he was of great assist- 
M.nce, have been mentioned in connection witii 
Eliphalet Follett (1741 — lVT6j. 

The next records in order of their dates v/ere 
obtained from the Adjutant General of Vermont, and 
are here given in f ulL 

State of ^'j:hmoxt, 
^Vi^j UTAj^T A.y.D I^s^ECTOIl Genehal-'s Office, 
BuiiEiNGTOX, Daccinhcr 7, 1S93. 

I hereby certify that the folloAving is a correct 
tian-cript iiom the records on file in this olnce, re 
garding soldiers vrho served in the Kevoiutionary 
v/ar. Extract from a "Pay Koll of Lieutenant Jon'a 
Scott's Company in Col. Sam'l Herriclr's Beg't of 
Militia in the service of the American United States 
raised for the purpose of guarding the public stores 
'ill I^cnnDi?^gr->n, by order of General Stark to his Er- 
ceiieucy Gov. Chittenden, engaged and discharged 
at several diti'erent times from June 30, 177S, to Jan. 
4, 1779," we find that Mai tin Follett served as a 
private, 79 days. 

Also froai a "Pay Koll of Capt. Joseph Sajfford's 
ConiT any of Militia in Col. Eben'r Walbridge s lleg't, 
in an alarm to Castletou, commencing the 1-lth Oct. 
1781 and ending the 3lst," it appears thai Ma.rtin 
Foileti served, as a private, eleven days, 

(Signed) T. S. Peck, 

[Seal.] Adj't and lusp'r Gen'h 

State of Vermont, 
ADJi"r--^-T AND Inspectoh Gener.\i.'s Office, 
BukeixCtTON, December 7, 1S93. 
1 hf reby certify thai the following is a correct 
transcript from the records on file in this ofiice re- 
garding soldiers who served in the Kevolutionary 
war. Extract from -'A Pay Roll of Capt. Thomas 
Saw^-er's Company of Militia, raised for the defence 
of the Northern Frontier of the United States," it ap- 
pears that Martin D. Follett served, ns a private, 
from May 19, to June 2S, 1TT9, one mouth and eleven 
davs. 

(Signed) T. S. Peck, 

[Seah] Adj't and Insp'r Genl. 

63 



CAPT. MARTIN DEWEY FOLLETT (1765-1831). 
STATJO of V'ElOlONT, 

.Adjutant and Lxsi-ectoic Genek^u^'s Office, 
MONTTELTEK, Dcc, S, A. D. 1S93, 
Major Harrii 1'. Word, iJoiinnhnS; U.: 

Bir: — itepiyiug to yours. of the tith, enclosed . 
please UbiI eertiilcates of service iji your ancestors., 
-Uartin D. FoUett and John Fassett, -Jr. The thiee 
months" seryice at I'hittsburgh is ail I can ilnd of M. 
I). FuJleti as captain. The service oi the same man 
in .1770 do.^s not seem to me improbable, although he 
could ha^•<-• been but fourteen years old. 1 am as- 
sured by the State Librarian aud Assistant Secre- 
tary of State, men who know a great deal about 
lievoiutionary records, xhat they know many cases 
v/here men served as early as fourteen. I find also 
further service of Martin Follett without any "D.'- 
i have no douut ihis i» lije »i:i.Liit; m<Jti, the xccoxds 
are so full uf mistakes, are left in such an indefinite 
way, the names of the same men spelled in several 
different ways, iuiiials left out entirely; but 1 have 
Diade out these certihcates separately, as you may 
not wish to accept the last. 

V/itii thanks for fee, Tvespectfuily, 

Mrs. Jas. S. Peck, 
Ass't in Adj't Gen'is Office. 

Martin Uewey Follett (17C5 — 1S31) nmrried 
Persis Fassett (see Fassett records) March 9, 1790, 
at Cambridge, Vt., the marriage ceremony being per- 
formed by the bride's father. Their ciiiidieii, men- 
tion of whom will be made later on, were: 

John Fassett (1791 — 18G3). 

Martin Dewey (1793—1864). 

.Henrv [Ilarrv] (^1795 — 1875). 

Elizabeih [Betseyj (1797—1884). 

Sally (1799—1804). 

Hannah (1803— -living). 

E iipha ] et 1 1 805—1887). 

Charles (ISOS— 1808). 

Persis (1809—1893). 

James (1811 — living). 

64 



SETTLEMENT OF ENOSBURGH. 

lu iiie Vermont Historical Magazine, Vol. II, 
p. 154^ is found a long list of the lirst settlers ol 
Enosbiirgh, Vt, in which the name, Hon. Mardn I). 
I'oilett (iTGo — 1831) is third and that of Eenjamin 
Follett (1V71 — Itjoi) fourth, and on page 133, same 
volujue, it appears that Martin D. Follett Y.as clerk 
of the first Proprietors' njeeiing September 8, ITIK"), 
held at the house of Jo:.epu iiaker, Esq., in llakers- 
lield, at which time: 

• Chose Jedediah Kjde, Stephen House, Samuel 
D. Sheldon, Levi Rouse, Amos Fassett, Joseph Baker 
and Martin D. Follett a committee to allot said town- 
ship at their discretion, after they have reviewed 
said township thoroughly." 

The next Proprietors' meeting was held in Cam- 
bridge September 9, 1705, at whicb was "Voted that 
said, committer bsji out tQn acrci in eeiucr of said 
town of Knosburgh for a public parade," etc. Sun- 
dry meetings were subsequently held, but the meet- 
ing for organization of the town was held in Enos- 
burgli. March 19, 1T9S, at the house of Samuel Little. 
At this meeting Charles Follett was elected one of 
the Selectmen, and it was voted '-That Moses Farrar 
be constable, that lienjamin Follett be surveyor of 
highways, that Josiah Terrell be hog-reef e. Voted, 
that tlie svrine shall not run at large from the Gth of 
May until the 20tii of October," "v/hich last vote was 
doubtless designed to give all swine the privilege of 
bee-:h-nut!ing, which was quite an object in those 
days." "The first deed on record bears date of April 
1, 1797, by Amos Fassett to Benjamin Fassett, 
executed at Bennington, from which tovrn several 
frmiiies emigrated to Enosburgh in that and the fol- 
lowing years." Thompson, in his Gazetteer of Ver- 
mont, page 67, says of Euosburgh: "The settlement 
of this township was commenced in the spring of 
1797 by Amos Fassett, Stephen House, Martin D. 
Follett and others." It is quite probable from the 
foregoing notices that ^lartin Dewey Follett (17G5 — 
1S31) removed from Cambridge to Enosburgh during 
or about the year 1797. 



CAPT. MAliTJN DEWEY FOLI-ETT (1765-1831). 

It is posible titat ho did a« many others did, spent 
much 01 iiU time at Enosburgh, clearing and building 
a hoyse, before he brought his family on. His Urst 
house Id Enosburgh, in which all but the first four 
childrou were born, was built of logs and contained 
two large rooms and a loft, which was reached by a 
ladder, and a bed-room and large pantry were soon 
added. 

Vv'e read the luilowing in regard to Enosburgh 
in Vermont Historical Gazetteer, V^ol. II, p. 157: 

'^4.s in all New England forests, game was abun- 
dant A haunch of venison was considered as neces- 
sary for the season of thanksgiving (which was 
always duly observed) as the turkey. The early 
autumri snows were the signal for the annual deer- 
hunting. '\Yolves and foxes were also numerous, and 



,\vjl^ ii .. •.■';rv> K'!. t]-''^ F^hce-n-fo]^ r.\]<\ iionltrv vnrd. 



, p 



The blcick bear was the lord of the forest; bold and 
sne.ikiug" in his movements, he occasioned excessive 
maternal solicitude, and was a terrible brute in the 
estimation of little children." 

Tradition says that Martin Dewey Foilett (1765 
— 1831) vras the iirst man to mai'k the trees through 
the dense fore.sts that lay betv^'een Enosburgh and 
the St. Lawrence. Just how true this may be we do 
not know, but. we do know that he was accustomed 
to go to Montreal, a distance of perhaps seventy 
miles, to sell the produce of the farm and to buy his 
supplie;^', and that his course was, for some distance 
through the forests, marked by cuts on trees which he 
had made himself on his first trip to Montreal, in 
order that he might find his way back. His sou 
James tells an interesting story of accompanying 
him, assisting in driving some slieep, on one of these 
trips. He says tiiey went to a place called La Prairie, 
which vras about ten miles from the city, and in 
winter, v.-hen the river was frozen, it was customary 
to travel that much of the distance on the ice, mak- 
ing it the easiest part of the journey. But in stormy 
weather it was not so easy. The writer's grand- 

66 



EAELY EXOSBUrJGII. 

fatlieiyJohn Parker (1807— 1891) told of one unpleas- 
ant experience when, going from near Enosbarj;*h to 
MoDireai by sled vitli liis stepfather, Andrew Com- 
ings, vh^y lost their way in a blinding snowstorm 
and nearly peris])ed with the cold. One of their 
neighbors lost bis life on the river while making jnsr 
.snch a trip. 

The Follett farm was situated in one of the most 
beautiful valleys of the picturesque Green Mount- 
ains, the little Ti-out river running through it. This 
valley is in the northAvestern corner of the state, not 
many miles from the eastern ^^hore of Lake Cham- 
plain and very near the Canadian border. The home, 
after 1812, was a large brick farm house of the typ- 
ical old Xew England style with squared wails and 
great 0])en fa-e-pL" ces. "^Ve are told that it made a. 
joily home for a happy, anectionnre and large tamiiy, 
and v\^as the scene of many a happy gathering, church 
meeting or singing school, for the Folletts and Fas-, 
setts and their neighbors, the ITopkinses, were sing- 
ers, and it was noted as a plnce of entertainraent for 
tlie ministers and missionaries who so frequently 
traveled to and fro in that country, for the father, 
although not a church member, took a lively interest 
in church matters, and had a fondness for entertain- 
ing ministers. Mr. B. D. Hopkins writes that his 
father's brother, Jedediah Dewey Hopkins, told him 
of one occasion, when he was a boy, how he made a 
tour of the neighborhood to notify the people that 
Rev. Mr. Wooster would hold service at Judge Fol- 
lett-s. 

On page 135, VoL II, A'ermoiit Historical ]Maga- 
zine, we are informed that anyone going to Enos- 
burgh would be safe in calling almost any man he 
met "Esquire" whom he did not know to be "-'Cap- 
tain" or "Lieutenant," so prominent was the military 
zeal of the town, and that in 1807 the town "voted to 
raise a tax of ,^50.00 to fll] a nuigazine v^itli powder, 
lead,'-' etc. Very early there was a company of troops 
or horse formed, and later on an artillery and a rifle 

67 



CAPT. MARTI>; DP:WEY FOLLETT (17654831). 

oompanT, the rolls of which organii'-atioTis, or eyen a 
single name connocted IhereAviTb, the vv-riter has been 
unable to find. The fact, however, that Mautiii 
Dewey Foliett wa^s clioseii captairj of the Enosburgh 
company in the war of 1812, would lead to the suppo- 
sition that he must have been conected with the early 
military organizations of the town. On page 155 in 
the volume previously referred to, is found a roil of 
officers and soldiers in the war of 1812 from Eno:-;- 
burgh, as follows: 

]M;artin D. Follett, captain; Benjamin Follett, 
first lieutenant; Alvin Fassett, corporal: Solomon 
Dodge, Henry Follett (Harry), John Flint, Samuf*] 
Hedge, Barnabas Hedge, Xathan Hedge, Talma Hen- 
drick, Samuel Kendall. James Miller, William 
Tuiller, JoLa idHi'iiii, Joseph Pollard, Anthony Bes- 
see, ADijali Kice, iiinocii Peas, Joiin Osuuiue, Labon 
Brovrn and Asa Ladd, jnivates; Hiram Fassett, mu- 
sician. The vvriter is inclined to think that ''John 
Flint" may be a misprint for "John Follett," as errors 
of a similar nature are often met with. 

No doubt there were changes in this company 
during the war. Family tradition says that John 
Fassett Follett (1791— l"8r>3) was enlisted and that 
his bronier. ]\Iartin Dewey Follett, Jr. (1793— 18C1), 
sometimes substituted for him. Also that Harry 
(179 —1875) was ''captain's waiter." Thus we see 
tluit Martin Dewey Follett, Sr., was captain, his 
brother was first lieutenant, and hiy three sons Avere 
privates, in the Enosburgh company. We have 
neither records nor traditions in regard to any par- 
ticular campaigns or actions in which the company 
v>'as or was not engaged. Mrs. Clark, nine years of 
age in 1812, states that, as she remembers the cir- 
cumstances as they appeared to her when a child of 
that age, her father would go into active service for 
a time, possibly three months, return to the farm for 
about the same time, and then go back to his com- 
pany, so that his service and probably that of the 
entire company, was broken, as occasion required. 

68 



SERVICE IN WAR OF 1812. 

In VolTioie I5 Vermont Historical ilagaziiie, p- 672, 
"Governor and CoiiDcil," Voluuie VI, p. 493, and in 
other histories, we find that Luther Dixon, lieutenant 
colonel, Martin I). Folletf", captain , John Fassett, 
surgeon , Benjamin Follett, lientenant, and fourteen 
other officers of a brigade of militia, address Martin 
Chittenden, Governor of Vermont, in a communica- 
tion dated "Cantonment, Platt.sburgh, Xovember 15, 
1813.-' refusing to obey orderSj whicli it seemy he had 
issued to them, to return to the State of Vermord, 
and informing him that inasmuch as they were in the 
service of the United ►States and not Ihat of Vermont, 
and were not subject to his orders, they should con- 
tinue in the United States service until properly 
discharged therefrom. The communication is very 
lengthy, v.ird very courteous, but shows, nevertheless, 
a sulrjt 111' uf LerminiiLJOJi, and a feeling 01 dissaris- 
faction with the anti-war opinions of the Governor, 
who, it appears elsewhere, had not been elected by 
the people, but by the legislature, no candidate hav- 
ing been chosen at the election, and vras unpopular. 
It is probable that Martin I). Fol left's company 
served v>ithin tlie borders of Vermont at different 
times, of which it appears there are no records, but 
the service outside of the State is undoubtedly cov- 
ered by the following certificate: 

State of Vermont, 
Ad-ttt-a^'t A>n> Inspector General's Gfeice, 
BUREINGTON, Divcinhcr 7, 1S93. 
I hereby cei-tify that the following is a correct 
transcript from the records on file in this office, re- 
garding soldiers who served in the war of 1S12. 
From a muster roll of a com])any of militia of Ver- 
mont, under command of Martin D. Follett, jn the 
service of the United States, commanded by Luther 
Dixon, lieutenant r-o]onel commanding, it apears 
that Martin D. Follett served, as a captain, from 
September 25, 1813, three months. 

(Signed) T- S. Peck, 

[Seal.] Adj't and Insp'r Gen'l. 

69 



CAPT. MAKTT-:;: DE\YEY FOLIiETT (176.S-1SS1). 



"Ihe Vetiiior.tese 

As thick as bees, 

Came swarjnJiisr o'er the U 



Tbat tli.e Enosbitr;:^!! company went out on the 
day of the batth^ of Platt.sburgh there is no doubt, as 
Y\^e have lieard the story from tlie lips of the children 
of Captain Follett, one of whom, Mrs. Clark, re- 
members distinctly the events of that day, the roar 
of the battle a.nd the anxiety of her mother for those 
who had gone. When the news came that the British 
were advancincr on Plattsburj^^li the whole conntry 
was aroused, in fact the great battle of Sunday, Sep- 
tenaber 11, ISll, was to northwestern Vermont what 
the celebrated battle of Jiennington, August 10. 
1777, was to southwestern Vermont during the Eevo- 
Intion, although the forces engaged at Plattsburgh 
wore far' rrreator. 

It is interesting to note the high pitch of ex- 
citement to which tlie invasion had brought the Ver- 
rnonters in the vicinity of Lake Champlain. Loss- 
ing's Field Book of the War of 1S12 says, page 85(1: 
'■'There vras feverishness among the people and the 
soldiery along the Canada border, which was fre- 
quently manifested. The armed belligerents were 
eager for a trial of prowess." The American forces 
were far inferior to the British in evervthing but de- 
termination. Lossing says of the British force, page 
857, that there were "Not less than fifteen thousand 
Troops, chiefly veterans from Wellington's armies." 
Numerous skirmishes and maneuvres took place on 
land for many days previous to the battle, while the 
naval force, also inferior to that of the British, were 
preparing a fleet to meet the heavier fleet of the 
enemy. James Fennimore Cooper's Tlistory of the 
American Navy (a most valuable work, now out of 
print) gives perhaps the best description of the na-^'al 
battle, which was one of the most exciting, bloody 
and hard-fought lights in the whole history of our 
navy. Commodore Macdonoujxh was the hero of tlie 
day. Lossing, page SHG, gives an account of the 
dinner c^iven him a few days later, a.t vrhich, after he 

70 



THE BATTLE OF PLATTSBtmGlI. 

held left, was drank a toast to "The pious aDcl brave 
Macdonough — the professor of tlie religion of the 
Ivedeenier — preparing for action he called on God, 
who forsook him not in the lioor of danger." Lossing 
says of the battlf^, page S70, ''For two iionrs and 
twenty minutes this severe naval battle raged, while 
the thunder of cannon, the hiss of rockets, the scream 
of bomb.s, and the rottle of mn.^ketry were heard on 
the shore. It was a snbiime sight and was beheld by 
hundreds of spectators on the headlands of the Ver- 
mont shore, who greeted the victory with shonts." 
The battle on land was hotly contested on the banks 
of the Saranac, and the British regulars vrere slowly 
giving the Americans the worst of it, when Sir 
George Prevost, commander of the British army, who 
was a coward, ordered a retreat as soon as the naval 
'^ ]^ ' . . . ■ I ''■ 1 ^ li' "'' <^''li h" h'^d o"^"''-''"'''''*^^"'*''"' "■ '""im- 
bers. 

Much fault was found with Governor Chitten- 
den, who vras violently opposed to the war, for not 
ordering the militia to the defense of Plattsburgh. 
Lossing says, page 8Tt: ^'Governor Chittenden, of 
Vermont, had issued a patriotic address" (not an 
order) '*at the beginning of the invasion, callimr upon 
the militia of his state to hasten to the aid of their 
brethren across the lake. It had been heartily re- 
sponded to, and at the close of the memorable day of 
the battle, not less than twentv-flve hundred Green 
]>[ountr.in boys were on the S^aranac under Major 
General Strong." Combining our famJly traditions 
v/ith the foregoing, the Enosburgh company, Cnp+ain 
M. D. Follett, his brother and tliree sons vvere in this 
force. 

Cooper, Vol. TT, p. olH. says, "The battle of 
Plattsburjih Bay is justly plaoed among the very 
highest of its ^the navy's) claims to glory. The con- 
sequences of this victory were immediate snd im- 
portant." He adds in re-jard to Prevost: "He made 
a precipitate and unmilitary retreat, abandoning 
much of his heavy artillery, stores and supplies, and 

71 



CAPT. iMARTJN DEWEY FOLLETT (1765 1831). 

from tiiat moment h) the end of the war the northern 
frontier was elearecl of the enemy. " While the battle 
in itself is harcilv worth nienLlonini> as an event with 
which Martin Dewey Foliett (ITGa— 1831) had any 
iaiportant connection, our family traditions show 
that the period of excitement and anxiety brong'ht 
about by the invasion, vrhich came so near, and by 
the battle, the noise of which was heard on the Fol- 
iett farm, stands ont in great prominence in the his- 
tory of tlie Foliett family. 

To illustrate the rniblic sentiment in Vermont 
dnrino- the war of 1812, the folowinj>- is extracted 
from Thompson's History: The legislature had 
"pasr5ed a law, prohibitinp; all intercourse betAveen 
the people of Vermont and Canada, without a permit 
from the Gorernor, under a penalty of one thousand 
uolliirfc liiie aiid h'evcu ve<'rs ;-'onfiTiPr>i^rtt n^ ^inT/j 
labor i]i the state's prison. They also passed an act 
exemptiag the person iind propei'ty of the militia 
while in actual service, from attacliment," etc. 

Whether Captain Foliett remained in the militia 
after the wnr of 1S12, the writer is not now infonned. 
However, an extract from the Vermont Historical 
Magazine, concerning' the militia men of Vermont, 
may not be ont of ])lnce in this connection. At the 
close of a tine description of the annual training; clay 
as it occurred in thg early years of Vermont, in vv'hich 
the ridiculous side of the inspection, the assortment 
of arms, uniforms, movements, etc., are shown to 
great length, we finrl the following: "The old militia 
officers, however ignorant they might have been of 
military tactics, were nevertheless, mostly men of 
grent personal courage, as any one who crossed 
their track readily ascertained." "Rough and un- 
cultivated as were the most of these brawny old 
militia men, yet for valor and true bravery, they 
have never been exceeded in the history of t'he world. 
A more splendid stock of fighting m«^n, we very well 
know, nfver existed than has been furnished by our 
o^^B gallant State.'' 

72 



LEGISLATOR. AND JUDGE. 

Family traditions tell ns that Martin Dewey Fol- 
Ictt Tras representative in tlie Vermont legislature 
f'.r eij^'bt years, and wRri a judge of corDmon pleas. 
To corroboj'ate these slateiuents tlie i'olloY>'ing letter 
vras obtained: 

State of 'Vt.ii:\iq:<t, 

(;)FFIC1': op vSi^CllFT.MiY OF ?StatEj 

MoNTPELiEit, yorenihcr IS, 1895. 
Major Harry P. Ward, Columbus, 0.: 

Dear Sir: — In reply to yours of J^no\ ember in, I 
beg to say tliat 1 find that Martin D. Follett repre- 
L«ented the town of Enosburgh in the legislature of 
Vermont in the years ISOS, ISIO, lS18/lS19, 1820, 
1821, 1822 and 1823. 

Very truly yours, 

rftlon.rvO.') ' ' T. C. PtllXXEY, 

Deputy Secretary. 

Corroboration of the tradition in I'egard to serv- 
ice as judge has been obtained through Mr. Benjamiu 
D. Hopkins, of St. Albans, in an extract from a 
history of Berkshire, written about 1860 by Stephen 
Royce, for a long time chief justice of Vermont, and 
later, Governor of the State, wlio, Mr. Hopkins as- 
sert^., knew Captain Follett intimately. The entire 
extract is interesting and is as follows: 

''Hon. Martin D. Follett lived just witliin tiie 
border of Enosburgh, but his business and neighbor- 
hood associations were almost wholly with the south- 
east part of Berkshire and the northwest part of 
Montgomery. More than sixty years ago he began 
the beautiful interval farm on Trout River, which, 
wiih additions, is owned by the wealthy Harding 
Allen'- (now by Charles AllenV "A social, kind, 
pleasant and agreeable man, patient under priva- 
tions, Mr. Follett was remarkably fitted to mitigate 
the hardships and smootl) the asperities incident to 
the settlement of a new country. His uprightness 
and sound judgment brought him much into requi- 
sition as the pacificator of disputes and contentions, 
as also in 'the settlement of estates of deceased per- 



CA-PT. I.IAPTIX DEWEY FOLLETT (1765-1831). 

£^ons, and generally T\-]iere 8uc.li qualities existing in 
an eminent decree are sonp;lit and appealed to. He 
wag often town representatlTe in tlie legislature, and 
his WCI.1 appreciated worth finally advanced him to 
the dignity of a county conrt judge." The foregoing 
is found in tlve Vermont Historical Magazine, Vol- 
nme II. 

Mrs. Clark ^ays lier fatliei was judge for a year 
or more in 1812, but that it did not talve a great 
amount of his time, as the semi-annual terms of court 
lasted only about four weelrs, during yvhich he 
would have lo be in St. Albans. Mrs. Clark adds 
that her father used to say he was not cut out for a 
judge, but as the people insifjted upon his taking the 
Ijofcition, he aceepied it. She further states that he 
never asked for a vote or did any "stumping", ?« we 
l^s.v icriii it, duting the political campaigns cl hio 
day. The legislature was poorly paid, members re- 
ceiving only about enough to pay their board and 
liorse feed during sessions. Nothing- of particular 
interest has come to light in connection with Captain 
l^ollett's legislative career, his name being found on 
the usual committees, reports, petitions, etc. 

One event, however, might be mentioned, as it 
made a lasting impression not only upon him, but 
upon his entire family. It is told by ')lrB. Clark 
-A Captain Clapp, member of the same legislature, 
neighbor and warm personal friend, was afflicted 
v.ith melancholia about a week before the close of 
the session, probably in the year 1S20, and Captain 
Fo'lett prevailed upon him to go home, agreeing to 
accompany him. At one pUice where they stopped 
for the niirht they slept in the same bed, and in the 
morning Captain Clapp said ho v/anted to sleep a 
little longer thnn usuaL Captain Follett left him, 
but returned to the room in about half an hour, to 
find that he had cut his throat from ear to ear and 
was dead. Captain Follett was very much affected 
over the affair and was some time getting over it Ko 
suspicion was ever atta<^h'^d to him, 

74 



APPEAHAXCP: AISD CIIAEACTEKISTiC S. 

Mrs. CJark sajs that v/hen La Favette visited 
Vermont in 1S25, her father was interested in the 
celebrations:, but in yoist what capacities, she does not 
reiLi ember. TLonipiion says of this event: "On the 
4th of July 1825 La Fayette entered Vermont for the 
first time at Windsor, where he was joyfully received 
by the governor, and a numerous body of citizens 
assembled to y\'elcome the early benefactor of their 
country. From Windsor he proceeded by the way 
of Montpelier to Barlington, and was everywhere 
received with the warmest affection and gratitude, 
and with the most enthusiastic demonstration of 
admiration and applause.'' 

There were no photograph galleries in early 
A'ermont and i)ortrait painters were evidently not 
common to those parts, as v/e have no likeness of 
Captain i oiiett. His children, Mrs. Clark and .Mr. 
James Follett. modestly tell of him that people said 
he was a handsome man, and describe him as being 
about five feet, nine or ten inches in height, and of 
one hundred and sixty or more pounds in weight. 
His hair and eyes were black, and his complexion 
dar]:. His face, a]v>'ays clean shaven, was kindly. 
Ue was straight and trim and had the bearing of a 
military ohicer, Vvhiie not much of a singer him- 
self, although his children were all singers, he had 
a good voice and was quite soeiaL Like every Ver- 
mont farmer, he kept a barrel of whisky, good 
whisky, which vras religious]y offered to visitors, 
male and female, but of which no one ever drank to 
the least excess. His |)oliteness was a marked char- 
acteristic. Tl)e writer has seen a letter, written by 
him to his wife, while he was in the service in the 
War of 3 S12, which is a model of affection, true dig- 
nity and polish. He was so ready to sympathize 
with those in trouble, that many persons came to hira 
with requests to become security for them. Com- 
plying with such requests, he had a large security 
debt to pay tov>'ard the close of his life. This^ com- 
bined Yvith an unfortunate investment in a large 

75 



CAPT. MARTIN DEWEY FOLLETT (ITGn-lS.?!). 

drove of horsea, whicii he was coiopelled to feed over 
winter, lost for him hi>: fine farm and rendered him 
bankrupt. He then removed to >St Albans, in April 
1830, and kept hotel, at v/hich he was meeting with 
success when his death occurred. Be died of in- 
flammation of the lungs February 4, 1831, and his 
body was taken to East l^erkshire for burial. About 
twenty years ago one of his grand-daughters was 
visiting in East Berkshire and noticed that his grave 
was unmarked. She communicated this discovery to 
several of his descendants and a suitable stone was 
promptly placed in position. 

76 



CHILDEEX OF IMArvTIX DEVrEY FOLLETT. 

(lTli5--l83l.) 



-4 1 pf^- 



i; :^1UST.— John Fassetl FoUett (1701— 1S63), 
P^^ son oi :iJariiu Dcnvey FoUett (1TG5— -1S31); 
%M^ born Oi-iober 30, 1791, at Cambridge, Yt., 
niarried Xovember 6, 1S16, in a botei kept by George 
VVoodworth, at East Eeric^hire, Sarab Leniira \Yood- 
wortb, who was born April 29, 1790, Sbe died June 
"•-'^ 1'--:^;^ cn = d be May 27, 1863, at Granville, Ohio. 
Sarah Lemira AVoodworth'o father was John Wood- 
worth, v/hj died 1825, aged sixt^'-nine. He was a 
farmer and toward the la.st of his life lost the use of 
ids iinibs and was an invalid. John Woodworth's 
children were John, George, Thompson, "SYilliam, 
Frederick, Betsey and Bally (Sarah). These names 
of the children are famished by Mrs. Clark from 
memory only, and she tliiuks are not all, nor in order 
of birth. John Woodworth's wife vras Elizabeth 
Morey, who died .1S24, aged sixt3^-nine and a half 
years* Tlip ^Voodv^'orths were of Scotch descent and 
live;'' ami died near the Foilett farm in the Trout 
j-Ji-.r- V. 'iey. Vermont liistorieal Magazine, Vol. 
11, p;j;:;.- !::;>, snvs: ''John M;. Woodwoi'th, Esq., who 
sei;U>:-d <>;' iL.- <.)y'y^\^.:^\ and main road about one and 
ja hou nii'cs S'y-idi ui Berkshire Center, at an early 
day, and who became a magistrate and was a leading 
citizen, left four sons, two of them twins, named 
George Washington and Alexander Hamilton, who 
all settled in town and are among its intelligent, 
thrifty and prosperous farmers. They add much as 
vrell to the lesources as to the solid and stable char- 
acter of the limited community.'' John Fassett 
Folktt (1791— 18G3) was a farmer and lived at 

77 



CHJLI>REN OF CAI»T. ^J ARTIN DEWEY FOLLETT. 

Enosburgh and liicbford, "Vt., iintii Septeinber, IbSG, 
v/liGii lie moved, bv ]a.ke and caaiil, to Licking 
OoiiniV; Obio. He and bis faiuily lived in a cabin 
wbiloVuoy fdeared a farm, in 1551 he moved to a 
I'arm near Granyilie, Ohio, As before mentioned, 
be iierved in tbe War of 1S12, He was deacon and 
elder in the churches to wiiich he beh)nged. An 
extract from a k^cer written in lS3-i by Henry Hop- 
kins, Jr., to his bi-other, Oeacun Fay Hopkins, who 
had recently '-gone west'' to Oberlin, Ohio, may be 
interest ]ng in this connection. "The scene is not 
much changed from what it was Y\-hen you left. For 
instance, when 1 go to meeting I meet Iseighbor M. 
and wife going to Montgomery. Going a little far- 
ther on you see John coming uh the hill, on the old 
ma3-e, with Harriet behind." Mr. B. D. Hopkins 
istuB-. ■ xjiis uo doubt relers to John Follett and blc 
da\igbter (now Mrs. Jewett). John had left the 
river some little time before and gone about a mile 
east, on the hill, to live in Kichford, but ol course his 
church and social relations were not changed." The 
children ot John Fassett FoJiett (1791 — 1SG3) were 
as follows, all being born in ^'ermont: 

Harriet (Mrs. Timothy Jewett, of Indianola, 
Iowa) born April 29, 1^18.* 

feophronia (Mrs. Franklin Foster Lewis, of 
Johnstov.-n, Ohio), born July 13, ISIO, died December 
4, 1S(>7. 

Charles (Judge Follett, of Newark, Ohio), born 
December 14, 1820; was prosecuting attorney 1S47, 
state senator lSo3, Judge of Common Pleas 1S69, 
Judge of Circuit Court 18S4, holding that olYlce ten 
jca.-^i; was candidate for Congress 1SG4 and ISGG, at 
which time he claimed he was fairly elected, but w^as 
"counted out'-. 

Alfred (Dr. Follett, Sr., of Granville, Ohio), born 
Keptomber 1, lSl!2; on reaching the age of twenty- 
one his foot was crushed in a threshing machine, 
on hi:i father's farm at Johnstov.n; one of the oldest 
and best-known physicians in Licking County. 

78 



JOHN FASSETT. MARTIN DEWEY, Jk. 

Fidelia (Mrs. Tiniotliv Ixose, of Granville), boru 
May 2a l-s24, 

Martin Dewey (Judge Foilett, of Marietta, 
Oaio), born October 8; l><2«i; Yy-us vaJedictorian of 
bis class in Marietta College; was candidate for 
Congress 1S66 and ISGS; Avas Judge of Supreme 
Coiu-t of Oliio 1SS3 to ISbT: is now member of iState 
Board of Charities, etc. 

George (of Xe\v York City), born September 2S, 
182S; has built up, together with hi^ brother Austin, 
a very extensive and successful wool business. 

John Fassott (of Cincinnati), born February 18, 
1831; graduated from Marietta College with highest 
grades then attained in the history of that institu- 
tion; represented Licking County in legislature 1SG5 
to iSG9; Speaker 1SB7 and 18G8; represented Bami'- 
Lon Couiuy in Forty-eighlh Congress, lSvS2 to 1384, 
raiididate for Congress again and defeated on party 
lines. 

Austin Willey (of >Tew York City), born August 
5, 1833; is associated with his brother George in 
wool business. 



Second. — Martin Dewey Follett, Jr. (3.T93 — 
1SG5), son of Martin Dewey Follett (17C5— 1831); 
born July IS, 1793, at Cambridge, Yt, married Feb- 
ruary 12, ISIG, at Poiiiphret, Yt, Lurania Wincheli, 
who was born ^Slay 9, 1797, at Granville, Mass. He 
was a farjuer and died September IS, 1SG5, at Koyal- 
tou, Vt, and she died August 19, 1SG9, at Sharon, Vt. 

Their children were: 

Sally PersiSj boru I'ebruary 20, 1817. 

Truman, March 6, 1820, died 1823. 

Lucy F. (IMrs. Goiij, February 23, 1823, died 1877. 

Ammi, February 12, 1825. A dairy farmer in 
White liiver Valley, Yt. Represented Sharon, Yt., 
in legislature, 1880 and 1881. Has been town agent, 
selectman, lister, justice of the peace, etc. Is deacon 
and chorister of Congregational church. 

In orman, June G, 1827; moved to Missouri. Died 
in CaoieroiJ, Mo., April IS, 1S90. 
7y 



CHILDREN OF CAF'T. ^lARTIN DEWEY FOLLETT. 

Calista Ann (Mrs. Miller), -February 17, 1829. 
Ail born at Euo^bur^^b and seem to have re- 
mained in A'erniont. 

Third. — Harry Foilett, aon of ilartin Dewey 
Folieit (1705— 18c51), born March S, 1795, at Cam- 
bridge, v'l., married lbl9, at Berkshire, Yt., to 
Clarissa Pond, who wa^s born September 7, 179S, at 
iiyde I'urk, Vt. He died January J.7, 1875, at liich- 
ford, A Vis. 

Their children were: 

Cassins Fay, born March 10, 1821, died 18i3. 

Henry Fitch, February 24, 1821. 

Eiias, February 11, 182G. 

Matilda Ciarisfla, .May G, 1832. 

^^-n^f!rd. June G, 1831. 

Luther Martin, August 10, 1810. 

Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. II, p. 118, 
says: "Henry Follett's father-in-law, Mr. Ezekiel 
Pond, was a quiet, industrious, and sensible man, 
and became remarkable for his longevity, being 
ninety-five years old at the time of his death. His 
posteiity litly represent the lievolutiouary patriarch 
who is gone. Of ample means,'*- etc. 

A \'S'ashishara county (Wisconsin) paper, in an 
obituary of Harry FolleLt,'^says: ^-Thus passed away, 
full uf years and usefulness, one oi the pioneers of 
Washishara county. He was a soldier in the War 
of 1812, and in ISlo he represented his town in the 
legislature of his native state, and held several other 
offices of trust and responsibility during his residence 
in the state. He caujc to \yisconsin in September 
1855, and settled on the farm which was his home 
until the time of his decease. He held the office of 
Justice of the Peace for a number of years, discharg- 
ing the duties pertaining to it with ability and integ- 
rity," etc. 



Fourth,-— Elizabeth (Betsey) Foliett (1797— 
18S1), daughter of Martin Dewev Foliett (ITCo — 



HAKRY. BET6EY. SALLY, HAXNAH. 

1831); born November 30, 1797, at Cambridge, Yt., 
v.TtS married to Thompson Woodwortb, broiher u> 
fcarah Lemira Woodwortb, wife of Jolm Fassett Foi- 
iett (1791 — 1803), at Enosbiirgh, ^'t.. and died .Sep- 
tember 27, 1884, at Granvilie, O. TbompsoD V/ood- 
woriii died 1817, at Joimstown, O,, aged fortv-sevei) 
years. Tlieir children T.'ere: 

Eliza (Mrs. Fieek, of Xewarii, O.), May 31, 1320 
(died Mnrch 31, 181)1, ai Granyille, O.). 

Koieita, 1822 i^died 1885 at Grauviiie). 

Persis, 1821 (died July 10, ISS:^, at Granville). 

Truman Thompson (of Carey, O.). 

Betsey came to Ohio in the thirties, coming from 
Saratoga^ X. Y., where she had lived for a few years. 



P'jtTi-,. — so I IV Fo!iett (1190—1804) dauo-nter of 
Martin Dewey Follett (17G5---i831). 



Sixth. — Hannah Follett (1803 — living), daugh- 
ter of Martin Dewey Follett (1765 — 1831), born Oc- 
tober 31, 1803, at Enosburgh, Yt. Came to Licking 
County, Ohio, with her brother Eliphalet and her 
mother, and kept house for them until his marriage. 
Lived with them a number of yeavi; afterward until 
her marriage, November 9, 1S4S, to Strong Clark, a 
widower with three children. He ^vas born in Massa- 
chusetts August 2G, 1792, came to Licking County 
when iifteea years of oge and died March 23, 1874. 
She possessed an exceptionally fine voice, which re- 
tained its compass and purity of tone until ber 
eighty -tliird year. She is nov/ ninety-two yeai's of 
age, and lives quietly on a farm at llartford. Lick- 
ing County, Ohio, where she is tenderly cared for at 
the home of her step-son. Orris Clark. 

As she is a living daughter of a revohiLioiiary 
soldier, Mrs. Hannah Follett Clark was recently 
made a member of the Daughters of the Amerieau 
Kevolutlou, by the chapter at Dayton, Ohio. 

SI 



CHILDREN OF CAPT. MAKTIN DEVsni:-y FOLLETT, 

Seventh.— Eliplialet Follett (1805—1887), son of 
Martin Dewey Follett (17G5— 1831), born Deeeiuber 
4, ibU5; ai- Eiiosburgh, ijiarried at Johnstown, Oiiio, 
/iUgust 9, 1^37, to Katharine Ellen Yun Dickie, who 
way born July 1, lbl2, near Meadviile, Pa., and who 
died at Cleveiand, Ohio, October 10, ISil*. Bbe was 
the jx.duge-c child of Garrett and Betsey Van tSickie. 
Her lather was an old Indian lighter and was at one 
time shei'itL of Crawford County, Pa. On one occa- 
sion he tool: his family to a fort wbere Pittsburg now 
is for safety. He went back with some of the neigh- 
bors to secure their live stock, and the party was at- 
tacked by Indians and defeated. He sncceeded in hid- 
in;-- himyeif in a hollow log in the woods, where he 
remained three days without subsistence save some 
moccasJu strings which he had in his jpockcts. He 
and his family had many exciting e^. perieucea with 
the ludiaro?, and the children were very much afraid 
of tLeni. Once, when the mother was baking bread 
before the old-fashioned fire place, several Indians 
walked into the house and asked her to give them 
iome of tie bread. She refused and they spat upon 
it, maklDg it unfit for use, but they did not get any 
bread, even after that. 

Eliphaiet Follett (1805—1887) died April 23, 
1887,, at Cleveland, Ohio, and was buried at Gran- 
ville, Ohio, as was also his wife. 

Mrs. Gates, cf Montgomery, Franklin County, 
Vt, furnishes a list oi tbe teachers v/ho taught in the 
log school-house on the Trout river, and says: 
"Eliphaiet Follett taught several winters." 

After his father's death in 1831 he came to Ohio. 
Stopped fii St at Gambler, where he spent a little time 
as a situdent. Came on to Granville, vxhere he began 
dairy farming. Heturued to Verinom;, and brought 
back his mother and sister Hannah. He sometimes 
took his cheese as far as New Orleans for a market, 
going by ilat-boat to Circinnati. On one occasion 
he took a cheese which weiglied a thousand pounds 
and thereby received no little notoriety. His return 



ELTPHALET. CHARLES, I'ElcBI^. 

froiQ the Sontii was always anxiously awaited, as lie 
\TOuld bring back oranges and other things which 
(•oiild not at that time be had in Lickinii^ Couiity. He 
lived also at Johnstown and Alexandria, near Gran- 
ville, a number of years. Moved to Oberlin to edu- 
cate his children. Then lived in Colorado two years, 
ihen in Kansas several years, reluming- to Granvilie 
to spend his old age. A man of much force. His 
cliiJdren were: 

Dwight, born June 12, 1S38 (died IS'iL', a soldier 
in the 22nd O. Y. I., in army hosyjital at t^t. Louis). 

Lewis, June 20, 1810 (was adjutant TOih O. Y. L). 
General Willard Warner wrote of him: "A better 
soldier or braver oflieer than Lewis Follett never held 
a commission in the army." 

Howard, April 25, 1813 (a soldier in ISSth O. Y. 

j. ill xbyji-Oj. 

lUith, died 1816. 

Henrietta Jeanette (wife of Judge Carlos M. 
Stone, of Cleveland), March 9, 1819. 

Frank and Fannie (Mrs. Salade, of Kansas), 
twins, June L5, 1S32. 

William, February 20. 1S5S, died 1805. 

Eighth. — Charles Follett, son of Martin Dev>-ey 
Follett (1765—1831), born February 4, 1808, died 
March 28, 1808, at Enosbur^h. 



Kinth.— Persis Follett (1809—1893), daughter 
of Martin Dev. ey Follett (17r,5— 1831), born April 5, 
J 809, at Enosburgh, and married April 5, 1831, to 
John Parkoj', who lived on the Comings farm, which 
adjoined the Follett farm. John Parker (1807 — 1S91) 
was the son of John Parker (1.782 — 1808) [married 
Betsey Jewett], who was the sou of Joseph Parker 
(1757 — 1827) [niarried Hnnnah P.isley], a soldier in 
the "Lexington Alarm," and, according to records 
of U. R. Pension Office, a private in General Israel 
Putnam's Third Connecticut regiment. Continental 
Line. From the records in ^'Connecticut in the Pevo- 



CHJXDKS-N: of CAPT. martin DEWEY FOLLEIT. 

iutiou" of enlisiments from CoTentrv, it appeiirs that 
Joseph ParkePj D.'entloned as ^'Jr." (1V5T--1S27), 
iiiTist iiave been a son of Joseph Pai'ker (dates un- 
liicnyn), al^o a soldier m the "Lexington AJarm." 
Betsey Jewel t (1784— 1SG4) was the 'daughter of 
Elain Jewett (married Uichardson), a soldier of the 
Reroliitiou (see EeTohitiounry War Archives of 
Massaehnsetts), who was descemled through Eleazer. 
Eleazer, Jereiuiah (came to America an infant in 
163&), and Joseph, from Edward Jewett (born about 
15Vo — d, 1616), a cloth raannfactiirer of Bradford, 
England, to whom most of the Jewetts in this 
country trace their origin. 

Vormo/it Historical Magazine, Vol. 11, p. 110, 
says of the Jewett family: "Mr. El am Jevsett, an 
elderly man from Wovbridge. or Mew Haren, in Ad- 
dison coujiiy, \va« uue or the ui^t \\\nj cunic luilCf 
town" (:^er\^[iire) "with means and strength to make 
himself ami family at once felt as important acces- 
sions to the infant set dement. He arrived about 
1795, accompanied by tw^o sons and was followed 
sor>n after by two others. They vrere all industrious 
and :-:ensible men of unquestioned integrity. The 
oldest, Elam Jewett, Jr., was an active and efficient 
man in conducting tlie business of the town — lilling, 
in succession, most of tlie town offices, discharging 
that of magistrate, and occasionally serving as repre- 
sentative in the state lepJslature. Capt. Jared Jewett 
was eminently an upright, humane and firm man, 
but more domestic and less aspiring, as were also the 
two other sons iirst mentioned." These were the 
father and the brothers of Betsey Jewett. 

Afier the death of John Parker (17S2 — 1S08) 
Betsey Jewett Parker was married to Andrew Com- 
ings (17S5 — 1854). See notice under head of James 
Foil ett (18111 

John Parker (1807 — 1891) and his wife, Persis 

Foilett Parker (1809—1893) remov<-d to Granville, 

C'hio, by horse railroad, lake and can :il boat in 183.5 

Their golden wedding v.-as celebrated April 5, 1881, 

84 



JAMES. 

at Y\ hicb. every liviiig child and grandchild and jnaBy 
relarives wore present. Their childi-en '\vere: 

Jane Elizabeth (Mrs. Hiidr.on C. Ward, of Co- 
lamhu?, O.), born February 12, 1S33, at East Berk- 
shire, ^'t 

Henry Martin, born December 11, 1S*'5, at Gran 
ville, O. A gradnate of Marietta college, "Was for 
some years superintendent of public instruction at 
Mansfield, O., and has held the same position at 
Ejyria, O., for nearly twenty-live years. 

Elam Dewey, born Sept, 20, 1S39, at Granville, 
O. Served in 87 th O. V. I., 1SG2. A graduate of 
Marietta colle2:e. Is now general agent of ''Soo 
Line" at St. I'anl, Minn. 

Charles Delavan, born Auirnst 19, 1844, at Gran- 
ville, O., died September 29, 1894, at St. Paul, Minn., 
ana ourieu with iutl inliiiary h;:nors 0<:M^.-^v i. 1804. 
at Granville, O. Served in 113th O. Y. I.. 1SC2 to 
1805, and was C<nnmander Department of ;Minne^^^ota. 
G. A. R., 1891 to 1892. Was General Agent Traders' 
Despatch at St. Paul, Minn. 

Harriet Winslov/, born August 80, 1S4G, and 
died September 23, J 850,, at Granville, O. 

"Mary Elsinga rMrs. Alfred J. Bell, of ^Vichita, 
Kan,), born September 28, 1850, at Granville, O. 

Tenth.— .Tames Follett (1811--living), son of 
Martin Dewey Follett (1705 — 1831". born February 
24, 1811, at Enosburgh, and married October 5, 1837. 
at East Rerhshire, to Jane Comings (John Parker's 
half sister), v\^ho was born March 2, 1810, at East 
Berkshire, and died February 20, 1804, at Hartford, 
O. It was his intention early in life to become a 
minister, but poor health interfered'. Came to Lick- 
ing County, O., very earlv, and returned to Vermont 
to marry. Cleared his farm near Granville. Later 
he bought a farm near Hartford. Is now living at 
Hartford, nearlv eigthy-five vAars of age, his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Lincoln, furnishing him a pleasant home for 
his Old age. His children (all born in Licking County, 
Ohio), were: 

85 



CHILDREN OF CAPT. ]MAr.TIN DEWEY FOLLETT. 

James Williimi, Janaary 3, 1S39, died March 2, 
ISIO. 

Ellen Betsey (Mrs. Vv^eli^), September 12, 18-10. 

Haimali Per^is, July 10, 1812, died July 7, 18(19. 

Sarah Janet te (Mrs. Lincolii), April 15, 1S15. 

Mary Janette, Jaiiiiary 1, 1818, died in school at 
Oberlin, b., Aiiaust 19, 1807. 

Martha, August 1, 1849, di<'d next day. 

Fannie, June 12, 1851, died same day. 

Fay Comings, October 8^ 185G; is a commercial 
traveller of high standing at Hastings, Neb. 

James Follett's father-indaw, Andrew Comings, 
was an orderly sergeant in the war of 1812, subse- 
cjuently captain, and was the son of Benjamin Com- 
ings, a Eevolutiouary soldier, who fought at Ben- 
nington. The ComJngs and Jewett descendants haye 
inui iicd iLXLyj the I'oilett and Dct; cy fainllcc a number 
of times. 

Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. II, p. IIS, 
says: '"' Andre Vv' Comings vv'as a man of much energy 
in business, and after clearing up one farm estab- 
lished himself in a more eligible location upon Trout 
river. He became a magistrate, took a lively interest 
in the civil and religious al'fairs of his town and 
neighborhood, and was a leading citizen/ He left 
four highl}' respected and prosperous sons, a worthy 
clergyman being of the number. Only one of them 
remains in town, living on tlie paternal homestead, 
which lies both in Berkshire and Enosburgh.-' The 
one who remained is Mr. WMlliara A. Comings, still 
living on the old Comings place. 

The Ohio Society, Sons of the Americnn Revolu- 
tion, recently presented Mr. James Foilett (1811) with 
a life membership in that society, as he is one of the 
very few living sons of the revolutioaary soldiers. 

86 



TROUT r.IVE.R VALLEY. 




TP.OUT KIVER VALLEY, ABOUT 18:0. 



Mr. B, D. Hopkins furnishes a tracing from a 
county map "to sbow what a goodly company once 
lived ill and monopolized the beautiful Trout Eiver 
valley.-' The locations, as they were seventy or 
eigiity years ago, are indicated by numbers as 
follows: 

1. Hopkins Place. 

2. Lo'Z Scliool house. 

3. Martin Devrey Follett, Jr. (1793—1804). 

4. Captain Martin DewevFoliett (17G5~-1S31). 

5. John Follett (1791-4863). 

6. Benjamin Follett (1771—1831). 

7. Betsey Jewett Comings. 

S. East Boi'lv-shire "Meeting-house." 
9. East BeHcsh ire Village. 
10. James Follett (1 776—1 832). 

The Hoplcins place is now occupied by Silas 
Hopkins, the log school-bonse has been removed, a 
modern dwelling has been ei-ected by the Aliens on 

87 



CFJLI);^EN OF CAFT. A?ARTTN DEWKY FOT.LETT. 

the site of the old brick house cf Captain Follett, and 
the oid-la.shioned houses of John Foiiett and hifs 
brother, Mintm Dewey Follett, Jr., are still standing, 
thai: of JoIju being the one he occupied previouiJ to 
his removal to Kiehford. In the early days there 
were in that corner of Enosburo-h, on the road from 
Berk.-hire lo Montgomery, none but FoUetts. 

East Berkshire village lies on botli sides of the 
Missisquoi river. 

Tlie ''Follett School House,^' District >Co. 5, 
Enosburgh, Vt, was built on the east baulv of the 
Trout River, at the Ilopkius brid.ce, previous to 1S15 
and torn avray 1847. In it many of the persons men- 
tioned in tltis volume received their ''schooling," and 
several of t]iem taught school in it. "Third meetins- 
at eariv rpndie light" was often held there. 

8S 



J'^KEDEKICK FOLLETT. 
(1761—1 SOi.)' 

^fli^iEDEiaCK FOLLETT, son of Lieutenant 

'^;/'*' Benjamin Follett, Jr. (1TJ5 — ), and 

t-f| half brother to Eliphalet Follett (1741— 
%^1P 1778), born March 10, 1701, laace not 
known, bin: Y>-as "probably vrindiiam, Conn. 

The writer has been unable to find anything oon- 
cerniiij> E.-iihftr Eobinsn;;. Lieislejiant llcnjamin Fol- 
leit's Second wife, who was Frederick Follett'^- 
mother. It ha^5 been sugji;ested tliat she was a grand- ..',>;■-'*' 

daughter of Elisabeth Pabodie, the daughter of John 0- ' 
Alden, of the Mayflower, as Elisabeth Pabodie had a \-^f;: 

(laughter who married a Eobinson who settled in X 

Winuharn. v': 

It is probable that Frederick, then an infant, 
aecojupanied his father to the Wyoming valley in 
1703, ami w as one of the unfortunate party who were 
compelled to travel on foot from the valley to Con- 
n^'.'ticut after the massscre of October 15, 1763. He 
nridoubtedly returned to the Wyoming valley with 
his father in 1769. That he was shot, stabbed, 
scalped and almost killed during the revolutionary 
war there is not the least doubt. There are several 
accounts of the affair in our family traditions, and 
several references to it in various liistories, some of 
which will be mentioned in full. 

Mr. Joseph E. Follett, of Milwaukee, a grandson 
of Fredei-ick Follett (1761—1804), writes under date 
October 25, 1895: "Mj father's relation of the sealp- 
iTig was to this effect: ITis father v,'as an expert in 
ail atiilellc games of that day, the only rival being 
a son of one of the Indian chiefs, then, of course, on 
very frieiidly terms. On the day of the massacre (as 
89 



FREDERICK FOLLETT (1761-1804). 

I have always imderstood mv fatlier, for the exact 
date v.'a,?. not <^a]1*^d irs qnestion) Frederick Follect, 
then about nineteen years of age, and not liable to be 
called upon, went out on a forap;ing expedition near 
the stockade (that is, volnnteered to go) and then it 
was that they were attacked by tlie Indians, among 
whom was this young ludian, son of the chief. He 
was stabbed and scalped by the young Indian and 
left for dead on tlie field. Later he wai^ brought into 
the stockade, revived and survived." 

Mr. Joseph E. Follett again writes: "The one 
scalx)ed was at the time (1779) only nineteen years of 
age. I never heard his son (Oran, 1798 — 1S91) speak 
of bis father (Frederick) being in any regular em- 
ployment, and think that he was never in the regular 
sorvice. As 1 have been told, at the time of the scalp- 
lii^ Viii. faiJiilv svct>-5 livitJi^ In ihe yiockatie, or ])rob- 
ably in the fort." 

The records of Hon. Martin Dewey Follett, of 
Marietta, 0., contain the folloAving: 

"This Frederick Follett, during the massacre at 
Wyoming valley July, 177S, was shot, stabbed nine 
times and scalped, but was cared for and got well. 
Marvin Follett says this Frederick Follett used to 
swear and shoot all the Indians he could" (possibly 
this tradition ouQht to be so changed as to read, 
"used to swear that he would shoot all the Indians 
he could," -^A'hich would be far more likely to be true), 
"and said when they ]ir\(\ shot him and he lay on the 
ground they set a young Indinn to seal]) him, and he 
cut all around and made a bad job of it, that he 
would not have cared so much if he had made a good 
job." 

Hon. r\rartin D. Follett adds in his mono^i-aph 
copy, 1892: "Oran Follett told me in 1S91 that in 
July, 1778, during- the Wyominp: Yailev hostilities, 
some of the revolutionists were gathered Into a fort 
for protection. As food ber'ame scarce they had to 
procure it from neighboring farmf^: tliat they drew 
lots for rneu to go out and secure food. On the day 
Frederick Follett was S'-pl]>ed three men were se- 

90 



WOUNDED AND SCALPED AT WYOMING. 

lected to go, but one of them having sixteen new 
t-IJver dollars, showed the money and otl'ered all of 
it to ;iny(uie vriio wonhd take his place. Frederick 
FoiUii.;, then .sivejjteen years of age, and full of 
courage, accepted the ohier and went with two men 
to jjrocure Avheat. lie watched for enemies whiisi 
the iv.o men threslied the wheat in a barn that was 
near some woods. At length he saw Indians emerge 
from the woods through a brush fence toward tne 
barn. He gave the alarm, and tben ran with all his 
might, keeping the barn between himself and the 
Indians so far as he could. Soon an old Indian Vv'ith 
a gnn, and a young Indian about his own age, pur- 
sued him alone. Where the ground was grassy or 
hard he gained on the Indians, but when he came to 
r)U)U'?.hed or soft ground the Indians gained on him. 
When near enough the old Indian shot and wou7>.:ipd 
hirn, and prevented his running further. He then 
fell as dead, believing this to be his only hope. The 
young Indian only came up and stabbed him nine 
times, and scalped him, but he did not use a toma- 
hawk, as tile old Indian probably would have done. 
Ihis was seen from the fort and as men hastened to 
his rescue the Indians fled. He was carried to the 
fort vrad laid down without much medical care as he 
vvas expected to die in a short time. As he was liv- 
ing the next morning, the doctor gave him attention, 
and the women, who were fond of the active and 
brave boy, nursed him to recovery, Frederick said 
he saw the scalper's face while he cut and tore him, 
and if he ever sow it again there would be one less 
live Indian.'" 

But tradition and history seem always to differ 
in some respects. Miner, who is probably considered 
the best historian of the Wyoming Valley, in refer- 
ence to t}ie troubles in March, 1779 (not July, 1778), 
mentions this incident, page i'G3: "The savages, it 
vvas supposed, hod retired with their booty, but al- 
though the utmost caution was exercised, no vigi- 
lance could elTectually guard every part from 
danger. A band of twenty Indians suddenly re- 

91 



FREDSKICK FOLLETT aTf)M804). 

turned, and on the Kiiipstoii side oi' the river, h\ 
sight Irom the ^Vilkes•K:u'^e I'ort, Id broad day light, 
liiurdti-ed three valuable citizens, Mr. Elihii Wil- 
iiam^^, Lieuteuaut Buci^ and Mr. Stephen Pettebone. 
Frederiek Foliot, Vvho was with them, fell, pierced 
by seven wounds from a spear, and with the others, 
vras scalped and left for dead. Instantly a detach- 
ment of men was sent over; the Indians had tied. 
Follet, weltering in blood, gave signs of life, and 
was taken to the fort. Dr. ^Villiam Hooker Smitii, 
on examining his wounds, said, that while everv- 
tJiing should be done that kindness and skill could 
suggest, he regarded his recovery as hopeless. Yet 
he did recover. One spear thrust had penetrated 
his stomach .so that its contents came out at his side. 
Mr. T^oil't lived many years and remove-1 to nhU, 
where he left a large family. Dr. Smith gained great 
credit for restoring Follet to health and usefulness." 
Peck, page 407, in an account of the events of 
February and March, 1779 (not July, 1778), says: 
''}3uck, VvUliams and Pettebone Avere killed and Fol- 
lett sraiped on Kingsron Flats," 

Wright-s Historical Sketches of Plymouth, Pa., 
page 20G, contains the same account. Another his- 
torian (the reference being accidentally lost), men- 
tions among the events of the troublesome times 
after the massacre (there were no whites in the valley 
for some months after), men being murdered and a 
nian being brought in, scalped almost to his eyes. 
Xo^ names were given in this connection, but Vhe 
writer has supposed Frederick Follett v/as re- 
ferred to. 

Peck, page 213, gives a statement of a Mrs. Bed- 
ford, grand-daughter of Dr. Smith, among other 
statements regarding the troublesome times when 
settle] s were coming back the spring after the 
massacre. "Frederitdi Follett, at the time of the 
battle" (phe possibly referred to the collision be- 
tween the Indians and the whites at the time Fred- 
erick was scalped in 1779) '*was stabbed nine times 



' I'lFFE'^.F.XT ACCOITNTS OF THE SCALPING. 

and sralped, and liiially recoYered. Several years 
ulterwai-d iie called upon Dr. Siiiith to assist Uiin in 
seeuL'ing liim a pension. Tiiey made an appointment 
to meet at my father's house. Tlie doctor examined 
his vsears. He showed us where he was stabbed, and 
it was evident enough that he had been scalped. As 
to his being stabbed, he said it was done by difierent 
Indians, each one giving him a stab in passing. Ho 
endured the scalping and stabbing wiihout making 
a motion, that they miglii suppose him dead. V\lien 
he was scalped he supposed tijc next thing would be 
the tomahawk, but the attention of the Indian who 
did the deed being probably drawn in some other di- 
reetio]!, he neglected this part of the operation. 
Those following on, supposing the work completed, 
contented themselves with piercing what they 
ihoiigut a dead ni^irt vriib their spears." This story, 
bring told by a person not directly interesteu, 
founded on what she heard an<l saw years after, 
would naturally contain errors. 

Mr. Benjamin F. Follett, of Leadville, Colo., is in 
possession of a manuscript account of the scalping 
prepared i)y his father, Frederick Follett (1801 — 
1891), a son of the Frederick who was scalped. Of 
this n'anuseript, which consisted originally of live 
pages, the first page has been lost. The missing 
page in all probability contained an account of the 
early life of l^^rederick, and perhaps some data con- 
cerning his father. What remains is here given in 
full: 

"of seventeen years he found himself in the ranks 
with his country men, contending against the op- 
pressive acts and open warfare of the mother 
'ountry, and its hirelings of tlie Colonies, the merci- 
less savage. On a certain occasion (the date of which 
has escaped me, and the record of which, with all my 
books and papers, were destroyed by the great fire 
in Troy), he was under the command of Gen. Swift, 
on the Susquehanna river. Himself and some others 
of the command were detailed to thresh some wheat 
in a barn not far from the fort. The non-appearance 

93 



FREDERICK FOL.I.ETT (1761-1804). 

of tJAt? savay:f s for soiue days liiul probably produced 
an apatiietic feeling on the part of the garrison, that 
led to a disregard of those precautious so necessary 
to safety against the wiles of the Indian. But this 
feeling proved a fatal one to the uiifortnnate men de- 
tailed for special duty on that occasion. The large 
doors on either side of the barn were thrown open, 
and the men were diligently performing their al- 
lotted work, wholly unconscious of the deadly peril 
in store for them, when all of a sudden the death yeii 
of the savage broke the harmony of the scene, and 
both doors were blockaded by tbe dusky foe! Taken 
so completely by surprise, resisiance Avas out of the 
quesiion, and tbose who were not instantly struck 
down, confined their efforts to an attempt to break 

t! r^'iv.:^'' ti:e '^';- wv t^^t (^r.pncprl tbf' = n- "M^t' ftiflipy 

was lithe and acti\e, and was the only one that 
succeeded in breakiug through the cordon tliat sur- 
rounded them alive! He laid his course directly for 
the Fort, but had scarcely got under way when he felt 
a stinging sensation, a sharp pain in the right shoul- 
der. Xoihing daunted, he held on his course, snd a 
moment later a like compliment v\ as paid to his left 
shoulder! Still he did not relax his efforts, but di- 
rected them persistently to the means of escape. 
With the two bullets in his body the chances to that 
end were materially lessened, as the yells and whoops 
of the sa\agcs indicated the distance between them 
very sensibly lessened! A new method of attack 
soon developed itself! The savages had approached 
suflicieutly near to use their spears upon him, and 
they pierced his back nine times before he fell!! 
Some of the incisions had penetrated to the lungs, 
and through v\iiich the breath escaped in his respira- 
tions! His consciousness, however, did not forsake 
him! In failing he fell with his face to the earth, and 
without any very great effort in tliat direction, pre- 
tended to be dead!! Indications now reached his 
ears that the Fort was alarmed, and that assistance 
was on the way to his relief! But vrould it reach 
him in time to save his life? The probabilities were 
u 



MANUSCRIPT ACCOUNT BY HIS SON FREDERICK. 

agaiust it, but hope did not utterly forsake iiim! The 
uiiu^ fj-oiu tJie eoraiug relief became every monieut 
more rapid and distiuct, and he redoubled his eltorts 
to deceive his dusky friends in the tragedy that Iju- 
posed u]>on hiui the role of 'playing dead'! i>ui 
these reilections were the Avork of but a moment, in 
the meantime the Indians were not idle. They sup- 
posed him dead, but the coveted ''top-knot'-' was not 
to be abandoned, so one of the young warriors whipt 
out his knife, and circling the crown of the head, 
penetrating to the skull, seized the hair in his hand, 
and with one eiiort, literally tore it from the skull!! 
Holding it up, reeking with gore, he felt for his 
Tomahawk, to give the hnishing blow, and render 
assurance doubly sure, but he was too late! By this 
time relief was so near at hand that the savages were 
compeiied to icok ::aiety \r.. flio-bt!! 

My father always insisted — although he by no 
means took the ground that the shooting and stab- 
bing was to be counted as a pleasurable amusement 
— that all else combined was a mere pastime com- 
pared to that one act of tearing the scalp from his 
head!! It seemed the very achme, the essence of all 
other torture combined!! It was with the greatest 
diihculty that he pressed back the rising agony of his 
soul at that moment! But with a mighty eilort he 
succeeded, and his friends soon surrounded him. 
They considered him past all hope of recovery, but 
as Ufe was not who]ly extinct, humanity at least 
prompted them to try the needful remedies. He was 
carried to the Fort", and the Surgeon, Dr. Smith, 
made a careful examination of his case. Be thought 
it beyond his skill, but as long as there was life there 
was a small chance for hope, and the subject vs'as a 
good one to practice on, and he would experiment 
upon it. He did so, and with success, for my father 
was restored to health, notwithstanding the fearful 
ordeal through which he had passed. 

He aftervrards entered the Xaval service of his 
country. Was captured by the British, and conhued 
six months in prison at Halifax. Exchanged, and 

95 



FKEriEBICK FOLLETT (17fiMSU4). 

again er.tej/ed tiie service, and again captured and 
taken to England, ]-etiirning to his native country 
on tiie cissatiou of iiostiiitics. Tiius ended his career 
in beiiall" of his country — short, shai-p and bv no' 
means desirable." 

Mrs. Sarah riattj of Columbus, O., a grand- 
daughter of Frederick Foliett (ITGl— 18(U), states 
that she heard the story of the scalping when young 
and that it was always her understanding that it 
took place several days before the massacre of July 
3, 1778. Bhe states also that her grandfather was 
compelled to wear a piece of cotton over a certain 
spot on his? head, Vv here he had been cut to the bone. 

Mrs. Hannah Clark (1S03) reruembers being told 
of this terrible adventure of her grandfather^s 
hvo+hr>r Frederick, and says that she was told ttat it 
occurred some time after the great massacre, but 
just ho^v many months after she cannot say. 

The writer has entertained an opinion that Fred- 
erick Foliett was a member of the company of Con- 
tinentals on duty in the Wilkes-Barre fort in the 
spring of 1779, when the settlers Avere slowly return- 
ing, tailing care, however, to remain within the fort 
for some time. To substantiate this opinion, the 
name oC Frederick Fullett appears as a private on. a 
roll of Captain Kobert Dtirkee's company, one of the 
two Wyoming companies of the Continental Estab- 
lishment, the age being given at oO aud the height 
5 feet 11 inches. See '^Connecticut in the itevolu- 
tion," page 263, where a brief history of the very hard 
service of these companies with Washington, etc.« is 
given. The age ^'30'' must be one of those errors that 
are so very frequently met vrith in the poorly kept 
records of the troops of that day. Quite a number 
of the ages mentioned are ''IG," and a number 17 and 
18, so that we see tiiere were a number of mere boys 
in these companies, as there v^-ere in nearly all the 
companies of the revolutionary army. The same 
yolunK-, page 2G5, gi^es the roll of Captain Spauld- 
ing's Independent company, as it stood June 23, 
1778, being a consolidation of the two former com- 



MILITARY SEKVTC'E. . 

panies, many of Tvliose members had been killed in 
battle in Wasliington's army. The name Frederick 
Foilet apijearti (age and height not given) with re^i- 
deue;? Westiuoveland(lhe v/hole V\'yoiuing Valiev was 
called Westmoreland), date of eulistmejJt January 
1.J 1777, and under remarks: "In service January 1, 
MSu/' The same name appears in the roll of Cap- 
tain Simon Spaulding's company, in Pennsyhania 
Archives {2'} series, 18S0) Volume XI, p. 117, as tol- 
}ov\'s: "Foilet, Frederick, wounded and scalped." 
We see in the histories that this company was not in 
the battle of July 3, 177S, although a very few mem- 
bers had gone ahead, the company being then on its 
way to the assistance of Forty Fort, and some 
reached the scene of battle in time to meet their 
deaths. Dad Frederick Follett been in the battle 
or massacre oi Jui^ 3d, 1773, hi';: ^ipme would appear 
on the monument, among those of the survivoi's. 
i.ossing's Field Book of the Revolution says that 
Spauiding's company, on the way to and near Wyom- 
ing at the time of the massacre, promptly and wisely 
turned and retreated to a place of safety when they 
heard of tlie disaster. It was in the valley in the fall 
of 177S burying the dead, etc., and was on duty in the 
Wilkes-Barre fort in the spring of 1779. Asahel 
Buck was lieutenant of this company, according to 
roll of June 23, 177S, and there is a remark after his 
name to the effect that he was "killed by Indians 
1779.'" V^'e have seen that Miner mentions Lieuten- 
ant Buck as one of the three who were killed when 
Frederick Follett was scalped in the spring of 1779. 
One point to be considered in connection with the 
traditiois which give the time of the scalping as 
July 3, 1778, is that at that date there was no such 
confinement to the fort and no scarcity of provisions, 
as some of the settlers were living on their farms 
as the troops vv'ent to battle, and after the battle the 
people evidently went in and out of Forty Fort as 
they pleased until they were compelled to leave the 
valley by reason of llieir homes and provisions being 
burued and their stock driven away. In the spring of 



FL'EDEBICK FOLLETT (1761-1E04). 

17T9 it was dangerous to leave the fort at al] and pro- 
visions were very low, as will be noticed in the var- 
ious histories. 

For L-Oii)e time the writer entertained hopes of 
securing from the Pension Deijfirtmont copies of the 
original ahidavits of Frederick Foliett in regard to 
his expericDces, but the' reply which tinally came 
was as follows, which is self-explanatory: 

Department of the Interior, 
BuREAi; OF Pensions, 
^yASHiNGT0N, D. C, December 21, 1895. 
Sir: — Keplying to yonr conjmunication request- 
ing iDiormation concerning Frederick and Eliphaiet 
Foliett, soldiers of the revolutionary vrar, I have to 
advise you as '.oliows: 

Frederick Foliett was graDled an invalid pen- 
sijjn by special act of Congress, approved April 20, 
179G, but this Bureau cannot furnish you the particu- 
lars of his military services for the reason that all the 
original papers in claims allov/ed under the old "In- 
valid Acts,'' if not on file in the Clerk's office, House 
of licpresentatives, were destroyed by the burning 
of the War Department buildings in the years 1800 
and 1S14. 

The Bureau has no record of any pension having 
been applied for by the heirs of Eliphaiet Foliett, 
and cannot, therefore, supply you with any informa- 
tion concerning his services in the revolutionary 
war. Very respectfully, 

Wji. Lociiren, 
Commissioner. 
Major Harry P. Ward, Columbus, 0. 
98 




THE CHIirOKI<:N OF FEEDEKICK FOLLETT. 
(ITGl— 1S04.) 



/^p^^ HE foDowiug lias been copied from the family 
bible of Oran FoUett (179S— 1S9.I:). 

"Frederick Follett (Conn.). March 10, 
1701, died 31 ay, ISOl. 
Gifie Rabcock (Mass.), Xovember 4, 1771, died 
July 13, 1S45. 

Benjamin FolleLi, born November ?.?, 1T<^o, died 
October, 1S23, at Trinidad, Cnba. 

Nathan Follett, born July 9, 1793, died October 
14, 1875. 

George Follett, born August 16, 1795, died at 
the age of 14. 

Susan Ann Follett, born Augu.st 5, 1797, died at 
her birth. 

Oran Follett, born September 4, 1798, died Oc- 
tober 14, 1S94. 

Foster Morse Follett, born February 1, ISOl , died 
October 11, 1SG2. 

Joim Follett, born February 3, 1S03, died . 

Frederick Follett, born November 1, 1S04, died 
January 18, 1S90.^' 

Other records shovt' that the widovr of Frederick 
Follett (17G1 — 1804) married Dr. Calvin Bacon, and 
had two daughters, who died in infancy. She also 
married John Le Munyon. Without issue. Dates of 
marriage not known. 

The records of Hon. Martin Dewey Follett, of 
Marietta, O., shov: that Benjamin Follett v>-as a 
Passed ^iidshipman, U. S. Navy, not married, that 
Nathan 079;^— 1S75) died at Ypsilanti, Mh-h,: that 
Oran (1798— 1894) an^l Foster M. (iSOl— 1SG2) both 

93 



CHTI..r>REN OF FREDERICK F05J.ETT fl7^,MS0-i). 

(lied at Sand-asky, O.; that John (1803—1836) died 
October 1S36, iji Niagara Co., X. Y., and thai Fred- 
erick (1S04— ISaO) died in >:ew York City. 

There are at liaud records of five of the ehild'/en 
of Frederick Folleit (1761— 1S04) as follows: 

BeDJaniin Follett (1790 — 181:3), son of Frederick 
Follett {17G1— 1S04). In the Register of the Huited 
States Navy. 1S22, p. 11, the name is found as Passed 
Midshij>njan. date of warrant December, 1811, born 
in Kew York, on West India station, and passed 
for promotion. It is said that he was a midshipman 
on the ''Chesapeake" and was carried to Quebec a 
prisoner and there confined in the same cell in which 
his father had been confined. Such being the case, 
hr-' 'rn;'^ r.riflo^ibtodlY n cadet midshioman at the time 
of the horribly bloody conflict between tlie "Chesa- 
peake" and the "'Shannon," on the former of which 
all the officers vrere either killed or wounded, the 
ship being at last handled by those of the midship- 
men who had not been killed. 

The writer has copied the folhjwiug letter from 
the original, now a most interesting relic, in the keep- 
ing of Mis. Katharine Follett Balf, of Cleveland, O. ; 

U. S. Bkig ''Spark/' 
Trinidad, Oct. 11th, 182S. 
Orran Folhil., E^q.: 

Sii-: — The melancholy office devolves upon a 
stranger, to inform you, of a late dispensation of 
Providence, which has deprived you of a brother, and 
our country of one of her most x>romising sons, Mr. 
Bergamin Follett, acting sailing master of the U. S. 
Brig Spark, died on the 2nd inst. on shore^ at Trini- 
dad de Cuba. 

He was taken with a very severe attack of the 
yellow fever, while the vessel T\'as in Havana, this 
fever, after some days left him, but in a very de- 
bilitated state. At one time 1 entertained some 
slight hopes of his recovery, but these wei'o destroyed 
by the supervention of T}])hiis fever, which term- 
inated his existence. — At his o-.v!'. earnest request he 
loo 



BENJAMTI\\ NATHAN. ORAN. 

was removed to the town of Trinidad, which he ap- 
peared to think would be aloue, sufficient to cure him, 
but all eilorts were of uo avail. For the twelve 
]io"n.'s immediately preceding his death, he was not 
jierfectly rational, but some days, before this, when 
discharging black vomit, he was perfectly sensible 
of his situation and looked npon death with a calm- 
ness by no means common, the only regret expressed 
by him, was, that he liad not seen the face of a rela- 
tive for 10 years. It was at this period he requested 
me to write to yon. His pa])ers and other articles 
shall be taken care of until we arrive in some Port in 
the U. States, of which I shall give you notice. Be 
assured, Sir, of the sincere condolence of his brother 
oificers, whose kindest attentions were called forth 
by his privute as well as ]>ublic merit. 
Yv. Obi. St., 

John Haslett, M. D., 

U. a Brio- ''Spark." 
Orran Follett, Esq., 

Batavia, Genessf^e County, 

Xew York. 
Briff "Transit." 



Xathan Follett (1703—1875), son of Fj-ederick 
Follett flTGl — 1801), had born to him (according to 
the records of Mr. Joseph E. Follett, of Milwaukee): 

Benjnnnn, died at Ypsilanti, Mich., soon after hi-'; 
father. 

Nancy (IMrs. James J^eaver). 

Mary, dead. 

Eliz », d ,'ad. 



Oran Follett (1798— 1S94), son of Frederick Fol- 
lett (1701 — 1801) was born in Gorham, Ontario Co., 
N. Y., September 4. 1708, and died at Randusky, O., 
October 34, 1804. On February 4, 1821, he married, 
at liochester, N. Y., Nancy Filer, vrlio was 1)orn at 
Borne, Oneida Co., X. Y., June 3, 1801, and died at 
ButTalo, N. Y., March lf>,1830, buried at Forest Ljjvrn, 
Buffalo. The children by this marriage were: 

101 



CHILDPE>~ OF FREDERICK FOLLETT (i7'3M.^04). 

Joseph Ellicott. born at Batavia, X. Y., Novem- 
ber 23, 18!?1, maiTic-d Jane Drake August 11, 1815, 
died December 15, 1S9.5. Xo child reii. See later 
notice, 

Sarah Louisa, bom at Dalavia, N. Y.,' January 
24, 1<S21, niarried to John M. ]>oa]t December 29, 
1812, liad one son, who died in ijifanev. Died at San- 
duskv, O., October 23, 1841. 

Tuella Ilanford, born at Buffalo, N. Y., Ocluber 
30, 1S2G, married to Wahlo F. Converse September 
21, 1847, had daughter and son, died in infancy. Died 
at Sandusky, O., Septeniber 1, 1S49. 

Nancy Filer, born at Buffalo, N. Y., February 7. 
1S2n, married to George Thornton January 19, 1853, 
bad one son who died in fifth year, and one daujrhter, 
Mar v\ who died in 22nd year. Now li\ in^ in Cincin- 
nati. 

Second marriage. Ornn Follett i 1708— 1891) 
married for sero7id wife, on November 22, 1832, Eliza 
Gill VN'ard, daugliter of Mrs. ]Srartha Bemis Ward, 
who was a daughter of Colonel Bemis, of revolu- 
tionary memory, of Brooktield, Mass., and sister of 
•James' D. Bemis, of Canandaigaa. Ontario Co., N. Y. 
Mrs. Martha Ward died at the residence of Ornn Fol- 
lett in Sandusky, O., June 21, 1871, in her ninety- 
tifth year. Eliza Gill Ward, wife of Oran Follett, 
was born at Albany, N. Y., September 17, 1801, and 
a\i^rl at Siinduskv, 0., April 29, 1876. 

Mrs. Flamen W. Ball, of Cleveland, O., vvrites of 
Mt's. Marth.a Ben-is Ward, "She was always very 
reticent in regard to her husband, but we know he 
perisl^ed in the war of 1812." 

The children of Oran Follett (1798—1894) and 
Eliza Ward T'^ollett ('1801—1870) were: 

Eliza Ward, born at Sanduskv, O., July 18, 1835, 
married to Frnnk E. Foster ^Larch 21, 1854, had two 
sons. Oran Follett and Frank Newell, and one daugh 
ter, Jessie. 

Katharine, born at Sandusky, O., September 25, 
1840, married to Flamen Ball September 14, 18o4. 
had five daughters and one son, Flo men Ball en- 

102 



OBITUARY NOTICE OF OKAN. 

terecl the army in ISGl and Mas miis.tei*efl out in July 
1805. He served \mvt of the time as Captain, Second 
Kentuckr, as Ohio helped to tiji KeutiirkT's quota. 
Was additions) Aide- de-Camp on the stafts of Gen- 
erals McDowell, Cox and Thomas. 

In regard to Oran Follett (1T98-— 1S94), tlie fol- 
lowing is taken from an extensive notice which a|i- 
peared in tJie Sandnskv, O., licgister, Wednesday, 
October 17, 1S94: 

"Oran Follett, for over half a century a resident 
of this city, died ai 4 o'clock on Sunday afternoon, 
after a long, bnt not severely tryinp; illness. - * * 
Mr. Follett was born September -i, 179S, in the town 
of Oorham, Ontario County, N. Y., the fifth of eight 
children, and was early apprenticed to James D. 
Bemis, a printer and book and newspaper publisher, 
iivmg ill Lciiicii.dalguii. One of the incidents of this, 
period was a riinavx'ay and enlistment in the navy, 
serving in the American fleet on Lake Ontario until 
the close of the war, when, being honorably dis- 
charged, he returned to his printing engagement. 

About the year 1819 he was sent by Mr. Bemis 
to T\Ov'h ester, N. Y., to take charge of a branch of his 
printing business. Early in 1821 he married Nancy 
Filer and settled in Batavia, N. Y. * * * At Ba- 
tavia he comnienced the publication of the first news- 
paper published witliin the state, west of Rochester, 
and named it tlie Pjurit of the Times. The paper con- 
tinues to be x>'»iblished to the present time without 
change of name. In 1S23 r>rr. Follett was elected 
to represent his election district in the Legislature of 
the state. At that time negotiations for the Presi- 
dency of the United States were made by the legisla- 
tures of the respective states, and in the session of 
1824 Mr. Follett nominated John Quincy Adams, 
v/ho was subsequently elected to that high oince by 
the Congressional Llouse of Representatives. (See 
-same account of this in Thurlov/ Weed's autobiog- 
raTjh.v.) 

in 1825 ^rr . Follett removed to Buffalo, X. Y.. 
and engaged (Day, Follett & Ha.bkins) in the publish- 



CHILDKEN OF FPEDKEICK FOLLETT !l761-!?'04l. 

ing of tlie Buffalo Jourual and the selliug of books, 
he being the editor of the paper and the active busi- 
ness n-*an. Thi>- papei- cootiniies to the present time 
as tlie Treelvly edition of the Buft'aho Daily Commer- 
cial Adveitiser. 

His first wife having died some vear.s previoiisiT', 
on the 22ud of November, 1S32, Mr! Follett married 
Eliza G. Ward at Fairport, X, Y„ and two years later 
they made Sandnsky their home. For more than 
forty years .^Irs. Folleit was one of the faithful work- 
ers for benevolence and the church in this city and 
at the time of her death the city was filled* with 
mourners. 

Flavin g jointly with others purchased a larp:e 
land estate in Sandusky, he found it necessary to re- 
move to that place, which he did in 1834, where he 
na.s siuee resided, tie immediately took an active 
part in the projects to advance tlie permanent in- 
terests of the town. The old Sanduskv bank, the old 
(and for that day, fine) lake steamer Sandusky, the 
Mad Kiver and Lake Erie railroad {Sandus'kv to 
Springfield and Dayton) the improvement of the'har- 
bor, the division of Huron county, whereby Sandusky 
was made the county seat of Erie county, were all 
projects of importance in which the subject of this 
article took an active and influential part. 

In 1837 he erected for himself a comfortable 
stone house, in vrhich he continued to reside until his 
death, in iSJO, 1844 and 18.54 he took a leading and 
active part, as editor of the Columbus Journal, in the 
political campaigns of those years; the last named 
being the first year of the organization of the Repub- 
lican party, on which occasion Salmon P. Chase Vv-as 
elected Governor. For three years, about this time, 
Mr. Follett was President of the Poard of Public 
Works for the State of Ohio, with Messrs Farrer and 
Blickensderfer for active C'lnnnis^voners, as coadju- 
tors, during v.djich administration the practical effi- 
ciency of the canals of tlie state was much improved. 
"' * He has of late years lived a quiet life, indulg- 
ing his literary tastes, thougli writing hut little, ex- 

104 



OB AX'S 80X, JOSEPH ELLICOTT. 

enipJifying a serejie old age, calmly av, ahing lils lar>l 
eail, which has come to take him from the active 
scenes of his early life.'- 

One of the headlines to the article of which the 
foregoing are extracts, was ''Ke was the oldest news- 
paper man in the United States." 

In December 1S03, the writer had ocrasiou to 
looi: up the record of Gran Follett (179S— 1894) in the 
U. S. Pension Office at Columbus, O., where it was 
found that lie was one of the three men who were 
drawing from the Columbus Pension Office the gen- 
eral pension granted to all survivors of the war of 
]S12. He was rated 'T.oy, U. S. Ship Jones." 

Oran Follett lived under the administration of 
every president of the United States, beginning wltli 
Vv^ashington an«l pudina" wiih Cleveland's second 
administration. 

The following is from the record of Hon. Martin 
Dewey Follett, of ^Vfaiietta, O.: 

"He (Orau) nominated John Quincy Adams for 
the presidency, as he (Gran) claims, without consulta- 
tion with ethers, and with the purpose of breaking 
up the p(ditical factions then struggling in the legis- 
lature. '- 

In regard to Orau Follett's son Joseph (1S?1 — 
1895). the following is extracted from the notice of 
him which appeared in the Milwaukee Journal Mon- 
day, Decembpr Ifi. 18f»5: 

".Toseph E. Foll-nf tlied yesterday at his home, 
192 Pleasant Street. He was 71 years old and had 
been in ill health for some months, but had recovered 
snfTiciently to allow him to make short walks, 
when a fatal i-elapse set in. ^Jr. Follett was born 
in Ohio in 1821. After "^pending som^e time in 
edecational institutions of Massachusetts and in 
corrimercial pursnit?. he became connected with rail- 
roads centering at Paltimorp, filling several positions 
of respoTi«;ibility. In 1870 he came to ^^filwaukee, 
hnvir!?: been appointed general freight ae'ent of the 
T\'lscnn>;iii Central Pailroad. In 1S78 he was suc- 
ceeded bv Col. T. M. Malone. and since ihat time he 



CHILDREN OF FHEDERTCK FOT.LETT (1761 -1804). 

has devoted himself to literary work, vvhich, however, 
was interrupted by his appointment as deputy in- 
ternal revenue (ollector durin;; the term 0/ E. C. 
Wa)]. 

"Mr. Follett was a man of admirable pergonal 
traits and highly cultured. A close student of eco- 
nomic and financial o^uestions, he became a convert 
to the free-trade theory, v.'hich he defended with un- 
usual force and persistency. Althoup;!! Republican 
from the time that that party came to life, his convic- 
tions on the tariff prompted him to support S. J. Til- 
den for the presidency, and since then he had been 
an ardent Democrat without becoming a blind 
partisan. He became one of the staunchest advo- 
cates of civil service reform, he tahino- the initiative 
in starting the movement in this city and serving the 
iitobuv-iatioii as president for a number of yeais. 

"Earnest in every thing he undertook, it can be 
said of him that his motives were free from all selfish- 
ness, so he was a patriot in tlie full sense of the word. 

"Mr. Follett was one of the most remarkable men 
of Milwaukee. As a student of finance and political 
econom.y he had no superior in the city or state. His 
brain was a storehouse of inform.ation, which he 
drew on at pleasure for illustrations of his points and 
he never failed to sustain every position Avith con- 
vincins; proof that he was riadit. For some time be- 
fore his death his health was so poor that he wrote 
little, but what he did showed i\ie same clear and 
active brain that apT>eared in all his previous work. 
He had an a\ercion to shams of all kirids and lived as 
be bebeved all men should live, an honest and unpre- 
tendii'.o life, passimr for just what he was and con- 
demning, thou.o-h not offensively, the falsities which 
went about masqueradinc: as public benefactors. 
Milwaukee lost a valuable citizen when she lost 
Joseph E. Follett. His M'ife died two years aGro." 

The writer had for months past been in cor- 
respond enr'e with >rr. Joser>h E. Follett, in regard to 
the production of this work, in ^hich he seemed very 
much interested, 

i06 



fOSTEri MORSE. FBEDEEICK. 

Foster Morse i^ollett (1801—1862), sou of Fred- 
eri<'k Foiiett (17G1 — 1604:), was the lather of Helen, 
jSarah (who married Wiiliam Flatt, of Columbus, O., 
a brother-in-law o! President Haves, and whose 
daughter married a son of Fresident Haves), and 
Foster Valentine, vvho died 1882. Foster Morse Foi- 
iett (ISOl — 16(>2) was a captain during the civil war 
and stationed at Johnson's Island, near Sandusky, 
O., whei'e Confederate oOieers were imprisoned. He 
was ordered to ''v^icksburg to exchange prisoners and 
on the trip was taken sick with bovrei trouble and 
died within ten days after reaching home. He v.-as a 
very strong man and large. President Hayes said 
he was a verv handsome raan. 



''Frederick Foihtt (I80l-~1891)j son of Frederick 
Foiiett (iToi — iisO-i), was born in the tcvrn of Ocr- 
ham, Ontario County, Western New York, November 
1st, 1801. His father died three months before the 
boy's birth. The son received the usual very com- 
mon school education in one of the old red school- 
houses then sparsely scattered througliout the 
country, in the year 1819, at Batavia, N. Y., he be- 
gan to leai'n the trade of printer in the oflice of his 
elder brotlier. Gran Foiiett, who in that year com- 
menced the i)ublication of the F.atavia "Spirii of the 
Times.'- Oran a few years later decided to go west, 
and in 1825 sold the paper to Frederick, who con- 
tinued its publication many years. The "Spirit of the 
Timey" is still issued. 

Frederick Foiiett was married in 1826 to Sarah 
Sutherland and a family of seven children, five sons 
and two daughters, was born to them. 

In the excitement following William. Morgan's 
exposure of Masonry and his subsevquent mysterious 
disappeariince about the year 182G, Frederick Foi- 
iett, being a Mason of high degree, a Knight Templar 
and one of the prominent members of the order in 
^yestern New York, took an active part in trying to 
allay the intense feeling caused, as he said, "By the 
rash act of a fevv' misg aided individuals." Mr. Fol- 

'^TliiB notice prej>ared by a descendant. 
107 



CHILDIcEX OF FREDERICK FOLLETT (J76J-1SCM.). 

lett's account of the state of feeling in socia], political 
and religious circles on tlie Masonic question at this 
period, is extremely enterraining. 

In 1S3G Mr. FoUetT, accepted an offer to serve in 
the Army of Liberation, then fighting under Gen. Bam 
Houston for the independence of Texa;?, and with 
several companions betook himself to that then far- 
distant country. The war was practically ended jusr 
before his arrival; the battle of San Jacinto, the 
total destruction of Santa Ana's army and the cap- 
ture of the Mexican commander himself, ail having 
occurred a fevr days previously. He subsequently 
traveled through the western portion of Texas, then 
mostly in possession of hostile Indians, meeting with 
many exciting adventures. 

Returning home he headed an expedilion to the 
newly-discovered copper mines ot the .LaJxe Superior 
region, but the vessel carrying the explorers was 
totally wrecked in a terrible gale on tlio lake and tlie 
venture came to naught. 

During all these years Mr. Follett wa^* a stron<( 
Democrat, a personal friend of Jackson, Tan JJuren, 
Polk and later of Buchanan, but during tbe civil war 
was an intensely patriotic War Democrat, writing 
and speaking and in all ways doing what he could for 
the Cnion cause. During Polk's administration he 
was appointed postmaster of I>atavia, from 1S49 ro 
1856 ^\'as Canal Commissioner of the state, an office 
of much more importance then than now, and was in 
line of promotion to the governorship of the State of 
]S'ew York, and could have had the nouiination, but 
positively declined, as his private means would not 
admit the expenditure necessary to make the can- 
vass. 

His small fortune was totally lost later on by 
unfortunate ventures in tbe construction of a line of 
railroad in Virginia, and his home in Batavia being 
taken by creditors, his wife dying, the balance of 
the family s,cattered over the country, he removed 
to the City of New York about 1860, accepting a uo- 
sitiou in the Custom House, which he held uninter- 

108 



fkedp:rick and the toxawandas. 

niptcdlv, tiiiougli all the c.baughig adBiiiiistraliojJs, 
until Lis death on January 18th, lb91. 

Mr. FoUettwas a conyisieni friend of tlie Iiidian,-^ 
located in Western Kew York .on the different reser- 
vations, and during the administration of President 
Bucbanan rendered such valuable service to the tribe 
of Tonawandas, that he was adopted into that tribe 
and given the name '•0-wan-e-ga.'^ Land-grabbera 
had Jong coveted tlie rich level farm, land.s of the 
Tonavv'andas. lying half way between IJatavia and 
Buffalo, and their plans were all but complete for the 
removal of the tribe to the far west and the occu- 
pancy of that part of the country by themselves at a 
nominal pricO; when Mr. Tollett made a visit to 
AVashington, laying bare the whole plan to Pi'esident 
Buchanan in a lengthy private interview, and by his 
-^■j:'--<\vn] appeal obtained an order from the President 
for a stay of proceedings, which linaily rcGulted n' 
an overilirow of the whole nefarious scheme. The 
Tonawandas stiil occupy their beautiful lands on the 
the creek of the same name and regard, to this day, 
the name of Frederick Foliett v.ith affectionate 
reverence. 

Physically, Predoriek Follett was a splendid 
specimien of manhood, dark as an Indian, straight as 
an arrow, a giant in strergth, though not of large 
stature, of undoubted and oft-tried courage, honest, 
upright, extremely courteous, making. friends easily, 
having doubtless, also, many enemies, his memory 
will long be cherished with pride, honor and devotion 
by his nviUi'^rous descendants. B., 1S95." 

Frederick Follett (1804—1891) married Sarah 
i-ioutht rland, of Warsaw. The following record of 
their children is furnished by Mrs Frederitd-i Follett 
Bueil, ofTroy, N, Y.: 

Isaac, v>ho died years ago. 

Frederick-, a graduate of West Point, who served 
ihroiigh the LV-bellion, and died afterward a,t Fort 
McB.e;uy v'^ee iiotiee later). 

Kate (?), v>'ho died young. 

lO'J 



CHILDREN OF FRFJJf^RICK FOLLETT (1T61-1804). 

Sarah Amelia, bor« March 11, 1830, married Wil- 
liam Collins, Buell in June 1S51-, and died October 29, 
1881. Her chiklren ^vere: Frederick Foiiett BueJl 
(boL'u 185 '> at TroY; N. Y,, served ten years in Troy 
Citizens' Corps, the 0th Separate Company, N. G- B. 
X. Y., married December 21, 1SS2, Annie ^V. Uagaii); 
William Collins Buell, Jr. (born November 2S, ISoG, 
married April ISSl, ^arah C. Hagan, and have W. 
C. Buell, Jr., born August 7, 1882, and Lydia Hagan, 
born February 20, ISsB), of Providence, II. I.; Theron 
(born February 1858, died 18(>1); Kate (born June 11, 
iSCj, married^ Decern ])er 23, 188", to Walter Liv- 
ingston Wotkyos, and have Livingston, Elizabeth 
and Ivathcrine), of Pasadena, Cal. 

John Henry, now in Colorado. 

Beiijamin Franklin, an ore broker, of LeadFille, 
\^()i'j., \vjLiu>;e cuiilureu ute Fjeucin-l^. ^JcTniOiAi' i^born 
July 7, 1872, v/as oodet captain at St. John's Military 
College); Frank Eastman, Benjamin F., Jr. 

dhfiuneey, died February 1S91, leaving no chil 
dren. 

Id regard to Captain Frederick Follett, U. S. 
Army, the folloviiig is his record as it appears in 
namViersly's Army Register, p. 141: ^'Frederick M. 
Follett (borf) in X.Y,). Admitted Military Academy 
1846, .B'vt 2d Li en t,' 3d Inf. 1850; trans, to Sth Inf. 
1S51; 2d Lieut 1852; resigned 1S55; 2d Lieut, 4th 
Art. 1850; Ist Lieut lS57;\\aptain, 18G.1; cashiered 
(ii,d ro'ln^.tai:ed 1S07: expired 4 March 1SG9. Brevet 
Major ;lo53 Tor gallant and meritorious service at the 
siege of SuiTc!!^ Va.; Brevet Lieut. Cot 18G5, for gal- 
lant and meritoriovis service during the war.'' 

110 



THE FA^riLY OF FKKDEFJdv FOLLE FP ; lSi)4--lS91). 

l/vru-r the printing of the geiiealogrical notices on pnges 109 and no, Mrs. 
I- ic.:,.-ric:-: i o!!ett IJuell canie into p'^ssessiou of the foliowing- recoi-ds, which 
vh>-' very kindly furnished at once, hut which -utre received too late to be em- 
Iindied ir. the hook.] 

From the family Eible in po.ssessiuu of Eenjamiu Fniiiklin 
K'lilctt (18401, January :?V, 1S&6. 

Frederick Folk'tt, born iu the tcr.vu of Gorham, Oata: lo C'ouuly, 
Western I\ew York, Xuvember 1, J SOL 

8arah SiUberlaud, born in the town of Batavhi, Genesee 
County, Sew Yoric, February 28, ISOG. 

Cliildreu of tho above Frederick and Sarali FoFittt, all born in 
r.atavia, Genesee Country, Xew Y'ork. 

Frederick ^Slaxinms Folleit, born Oelober 27, 1S27, 
I?iiae Sutherland I'ollett, born Juue 9, 1829. 
.Sarah Amelia Follett, born 2ilar<'h 11, ]S;>1. 
Hannah Snv.th Follett, born February 3, ]8:j3. 
John Henry Follett, born April 13, 183o. 
Benluniin Franklin Follett, b-nu Deeeniber 22, 1840. 
riiAKiiCfv ."^utbeHand Foliett, born October 30, 1842. 



Masiuaok.s. 

Freilerick Follett and Sarah Sutlierlaiid, August 2, IS4i:', in St. 
James Church, Batavia, Xew Y'ork, by the l^ev. Lucius Smith. 

William C. Buell and Sarali Amelia Follett, February 2S, i:s.">4, 
in St. James Cluiroh, Batavia, Xew Y'ork, by the Rev. T. P. Tj'ler. 

ChauDcey Sutbierland Follett dJid Flattie A. Smith, May 2, 
1865, in Lansingburgh, Xew Y'ork, by the Bev. W. 11. Cooke, 

Benjamin Franklin Follett and ^largaret Helen Moore, May 
12, 1870, in the Cliurch of the Holy Cross, Troy, Xew Yoik, by the 
Rev. J. Ireland Tucker, assisted by the Rev. Flilgar T. Chapman. 



Ukaths. 

Flannah Smith. Follett, daughter of Frederick and Sarah Fol- 
lett, at Batavia, Xew York, July 2o, 1846. 

Isaac Sutherland Follett, son of Frederick and Sarah Follett, 
at Houston, Texas, October 7, 1858. 

Sarali Amelia Follett (Buell) daughter of Frederick and Sarah 
Follett, at Troy, Xew Y'ork, October 29, 1>S61. 

Frederick JiIa.Kimus Follett, son of Frederick and SajT.h Fol- 
lett, at Fort McHenry, ^[d., April Ls(i9. 

Chauncey Sutherland Follett, son of Frederick arid Sarah Fol- 
iet, at Lansioglvjrgh, Xew York, March 2, 1891. 

Frederick iM^lIett Hjorn 1804) died at his resideiice 2:U Vv. I35tii 
St., Xew York City, January 18, ISl'l. 

Sarali Sutherland ( Follett) born 1800, d'.ed in Troy, Xew York, 
Marrh 2n. lvi3. 



i/f-A 



SAMUEL FOLLETT. 

(1757~lS5i.) 

The Last SurviTcr oi' 13 imkei' Hill. 

0^1 T s banquet of Oie Bons of tlie American 
U^^ Kevolution, held in Columbus, O., April 19, 
^^^^ 1891, in commemoration of the battle of 
Lexington, Hon. Martin Dewey Foliett, of 
Marie r La, delivered an address (see Ohio S. A. II. 
Year Book; 1891, p, 35), from whicli the foUovv^ing is 

"As my mind's eye has gone over that eight 
years of stuu'-gle I feel proud that the last survivor 
of the battles of Lexington and Bunker Hill was a 
Foliett— old Samuel I'oilett, who died Xovember 
30th, 1854, -tt Worthington, Mass., aged ninety-seven 
years. He drew a pension, at the rate of fifty dollars 
*a year, from March 4th, 1831, the certilieate tor which 
was issued Y.rj IGth, 1833. He was descended from 
John Foliett, the oldest son of liobert Foliett'' 
(1G25 [?]— 1708), "of Salem, Mass., and my ancestor 
was Benjamin Foliett" {lo77 [?J— 1752) "the youngest 
son of the i.amc father." 

Hon. Martin Dewey Follett's records show that 
Samuel Foliett v^as born November 23, 1757, and died 
November 30, 1S54, and that he was descended 

through John (1727 ), John (1G95--1747) and 

John (16G9— 171S) from Robert Foliett (1G25 [?]— 
170S.) Mr. Joseph H. Parsons, of Worthington, O., 
recently informed the writer that he spent a part of 
his youth at Worthington, Mass., and remembered 
old Samuel Foliett well, having upon one occasion, 
with his brother, called upon him, at which time he 
showed tliem his revolutionary gun, coat, etc., and 
gave them each a button which had been at one time 
ill 



SAMUEL FOLI.ETT (1757-1854). 

upon his coiiLineEtal uniform. Mr. Pai'sons says that 
Samuel Foilett was a very peculiar old man," living 
mvch to iiimrjeif in the outskirts of the town, coming 
to town only for elections and great events, when he 
would drive an ox cart and jsit on the tongue rather 
than ride inside, and that on the day of his funeral 
the weather was bitter .cold, but the turnout of the 
people of Worthington and vicinity was enormous, 
so great was their respect for the last survivor of 
Bunker Hiih The following is an extract from 
"tSecuiar and Ecclesiastical History of the Town of 
^Vortnington'• (Mass.), published in IfeSS, in the pos- 
session of Air. Parsons of VVorthingtun, O, : 

"{Samuel FoUett, who is still living in this town, 
was born on the 2M of November, 1V57, in the town 
of .Attleboroiigh, B'-i«tol < ■ounty, MasS: We joinod 
the army wnen he wa^ in his eighteenth year, v.'hcrc 
he reraained hfteen months, serving in tiie regiment 
commanded by Col. iieed at tlie battle of Bunker 
Hill. He came into this town before the close of tlie 
war, 1781, where he has resided ever since. His ti.rst 
vote was cast for Gen. Washii^gton for President of 
the United States, when he was thirty-two years of 
age; his last for Gen. Scott, when he was ninety- 
six.-' 

He died without living issue, as his son Samuel, 
Jr. (1792 — lS22),died, unmarried, in \YiDdsor, ]S^orth 
Carolina, where he was practicing law. Judge David 
L. Follett, of the Court of Appeals of New York, and 
Dexter Foileti, of Boston, are grandchildren of Levi 
Follett, a brother of Samuel. 

Old Samuel Follett is mentioned in the N. E. 
Hit t. and Geu. Keg. Vol. YIII, p. 376, and YoL IX, 
p. 99, as being the last survivor of Bunker Hill. 

112 



THE DETVEYS. 

T [Gliomas DEWE y iboru probably about ICOO 
I TO 1610, d, 1G4S) emigrated from Sandv.'icii, 
nJ/ Kent, Eng-land, as early as 1630. The 
^^ family records ot Hon. Charles De^vey, 
Presideiit of the Xational Eife Insurance Co., Mont- 
peiier, Vt., show that Thomas Dewey (the same 
Thomas above mentioned, as other dates and names 
Mgree) landed at Boston in May, 1030. He settled in 
L^„icL-. ;■•'=■'', "V'ass., where he was witness to the will 
of one John llussell September o, iOi5o. ouwige's 
(4enealogieal Dictionary states: "Thomas Dewey, 
of Dorchester, 1033, freem. 14 May, 163-1, rem. to 
Windsor, m. Mar. 22 1639 wid Frances Clark (who 
had only ch, Mary). 

Thomas, bapt. 16 Feb. 1640. 
Josiah 10 Oct. 1641. 
Ann 15 Oct. 1643. 
Isruel 25 Sept. 1645. 
Jedediah 15 Dec. 1647. 

Was cornet of the troop and d. or was buried 27 
Apr. 1618, Widow m. Geo. Phelps, who rem. about 
1668 to Westfield and with him went ail the Deweys 
except Isi-iiel.'^ Felt's History of Ipswich, p. IS, 
states: '-To become a freeman each person was 
legally rex^uired to be a respectable member of some 
Congregational churcn.'" 

In Stiles' History of A-Ucient Windsor, Conn., p. 
578, the following is found: "Dewey, Thomas— 
(spelled on Dorchester town records Duee) was early 
at Dorchester, and on his removal to Windsor, sold 
his house and lands at Dorchester to Eichard Jones."' 
Dates of birth, etc., are also given, in which appears 
•^Jedediah, Dec. 15, 1647,-' baptized. 
113 



^^^ THE DEV,'EYS. 

The records of Mr. Elenry ConiiugSj of St. Paul, 
Alinii., oliGw t licit tlie roiJiovai to Wiiicisor occurred 
about 3(i38, and the removal to ^Ve.stliei(IJ Ivlos^i., 
abuut luuy, where Thomas, Jr., and Jedeuiah had 
previously settled in IGGt], ''ot the hrst iDhabitauts." 
l^'rances Clarke was widow of Joseph Clarke. By 
her third husband, George Phelps, who died May 8, 
16ST, she had Jacob, IGiU; Johu, Kiol; isachaniel, 
1653. »She died {Septeiiiber 27, IbitO. Thomas Devvey 
was a juror iu Idili and IGid, and deputy to the gen- 
eral court. Mary Clarke, hrst child of Frances 
Clarke, mairied, in llioo, John Strong, Jr., son of 
Elder John and Joanna Ford iStrong, of Windsor. 

The K. E. liist. and Gen. iieg., VoL II, p. 92, 
mentions Thomas De\v'ey in a list of freemen May 14, 
luo-i. lu \ oi. V, p. 3 Go, he is mentioned as one of the 
hrst settlers of winusor; lamiiy genealogy, p. 3 02. 
In Vol. XXI, p. 11)5, the deed of Tnomas L)ev\'ey to 
liichard Jones is given in full, a quaint document. 

It is to be hoped that no one Avill discover any 
connection of Cornet Thonias Dewey v*'ith the un- 
fortunate i^vre might term it disreputable and brutal) 
exteimiuation of the Pequods, 

Mr. Thomas Dewey (,1857), of Montpelier, Vt.^ is 
descended from Josiah, the second son of Thomas, 
the immigrant, through Edward (born March 27, 
1S20), Julius Yemans (born August 22, 1801, died 
May 29, 1877), Simeon (born August 20, 1770, died 
January 11, 1803), William (born January 11, 174(;, 
died June 10, 1813), iSiuieon (born May 12, 1718, died 
March 2, 1750), \Villiam (married about 1713, died 
Xovember 10, 1759), Josiah (born L^ecember 21, IGGG, 

died ), who was son of Josiah Dewey (1G41 — 

). Hon. Charles Dewey is son of Julius Yemans 

Devv^ey (ISOl — 1877), before mentioned. Mr. Thomas 
Dewey (1857) wriles: "I understand that Melvin 
Dewey, the librarian of Cornell University, is re- 
lated to us.'' This evidently refers to Hon. Melvil 
Dev/ey, Librarian of the State of New York, 

114 



(X 



EARLY GEXEKATIOXS. 

Jedediah Dewey (iG4T — 1710), sou of Thomas, 
tl'e original immigrant, was baptized December 15, 
IGvT. Married, in IGTl, Sarah Orton, of FaniiiDgton, 
Conn., where tliey lived for a short time, "udien they 
removed to Tv^sifield, Mass., where he was a farmer, 
and where he died Janriary 20, 1719. She died No- 
vember .20, 1711. Their children were: 

Sarah, boru March 2S, 1G72 (married Colonel ':-'' 
John Ashley), died May 31, 170S. 

Margaret, born January 10, 1073 (maVried Dan- 
iel Bissell, of Windsor), died Xovember 27, 1712. 

Ensign Jedediah, born June 11, 1G7C). 

Daniel, born Marcli 9, 1679, a farmer in Farming- 
ten, Conn. 

Thomas', born June 29, 1<1>2, died Morch j5, 175S,_.'/-/.^ 

Mary, born March 1, 1C8S, died Juno 19, 1740. 

oaxJ..., Ijorn April 3, 1092. 

Abi2:ail, born November 17, 1094. 
Dr. Orvi]le Dewey (born JVIarch 28, 1790) was de- 
scended, according; to records furnislied by Mr. 
Thomas Dewey, from Jedediah (10-17 — 1719), through 
f-^.'las (born January 27, 1703), Stejdien (born March 
3, 17j9), and Jan^es (born April 3, 1092), Avho wps son 
of Jedediah (1047—1719). 

The writer has observed the names of Deweys 
in numerous col-onlai and revolutionary records, 
twice in the Wyomino- valley. They seem to have 
been people of prominence in most cashes. 

Ensipiu Jedediah Dewey, Jr. (1076 — 1727), son 
of Jed^-'diah Devv-ey (1047 — 1719), vras born June 14, 
1070, and died 1 727. He was a farmer in Ys^estfield. 
"i^ianied Jxme 17, 1703, Kebecca Williams. She mar- 
ried (second husband) in 1731, Consider Mosely, of 
M'estfield, who^se first wife was Elizabeth Bancroft. 
The Dewev c-iildren were: 

Rebecca, June 11, 1704. 

MariiareT, February 12, 1700. 

ZernuTi), March 1, 17GS. 

Sanih, Mnrch 3, 1710. 

Ehoda. July 10. 1712 (married Hon. Eldad 
Taylor). 

115 



THE DEWEYS. 

Rev. Jedediah, April 11, ITl-i (see notice later 
on). 

Martin, May IS, 1716. 

nrnaaii, March 9, 171 S (married Beitjaraiii 
Mosely). 

The writer has been iiuable to ascertain, after a 
brief search, hoAV this Jedediah acquired his miiltaiT 
title of EnsisTi. 



Martin Dewey (1716—1703), son of EnfJgn 
Jedediah Dewey (1676—1727), was born Alay is, 
1716, and died in Amenia (Nine Partners), X. Y., 
January 20, 1763. Married October 7, 1740, Eliza- 
beth Dewey, who died October 12, 1756. Their chil- 
dren were : 

ixFarrin. -'n:, hovn December 2G, 1741. 

Elizabeth, born Jn)y 12, 1743. 

lilioda, born March 23, 1746 (married Stephen, 
brother of Major Vv'eii:^hT Hopkinsj. 

I^Iercy, born 1749. 

Lncretia, born March 27, 1750. 

Grace, born October, 1753. 

Whether Elizabeth Dewey, wife of I^Iartin 
Dewey (1716 — 1763) was a Dewey before her mar- 
riage, is donbtfnl, as many of the old records omit 
the maiden name entirely in referring to women. 
There seems to be a tradition that Elizabeth Dewey 
FoDett (1748—1832) had been related to the Folletts 
before her marriaae. Suppoc-ing this tradition to 
be true, it is possible t]}at Elizabeth Dewey, wife of 
^fartin Dewpy (1716 — 1763>, had been, previous to 
her maT-iag-e, Elizabeth Follett (born 1707), sister to 

Lieuteiiaut Benjaiain Fv.ilett (1715 ), in vv^hich 

event she would have been nearly nine years older 
than her husband. 



Elizabeth Dewey (1743— 1S32), dauiiliter of 
3Iartin and Elizabeth, was born July 12, 1743. The 
Follett records state that she was born Juiv 14, 1743, 
at Westfield. Married March S, 1764, Eliphaiet Fol- 
lett T^'or records of the chihirea and her terrible ex- 



ELIZABETH DEV/EY (1743-1SG2). 

I'priences at the time of the WyoEiiug massacre see 
record of ElipLalet Follett (1 741 — 1778). It has been 
supposed that her imcie, Kev. Jededi.-ih Dewey^had 
g-i\ en her a te]nj)orary home between the time of the 
death of her father and her marriage. 

It is also thoug-ht that, after the massacre, «he 
returned to her uncle-s home in Bennin^iton. These 
suppositions are not founded on either records or 
traditions, except that of the Bennington friends 
meeting her after the massacre. Mrs. Clark, her 
jxvand -daughter, is very positive that she returned to 
Benningion. We have ample evidence, however,from 
records that she subseqitently lived at or near Ben- 
nington, as we find that her son, Martin Dewey Fol- 
lett (1765 — 1831) served in various militia companies 
«t or neur Beiinin^tori duriiip the latter part of the 
revolutionary war, aud ihni her son Charles F'-^l'Mt 
■.(lurried the daughter of Colonel Sauniel Robinson, 
of Bennington. 

Mrs. Clark states that when she reached Benning- 
ton slie was in a most unfortunate predicament, 
being penniless and having six children, one of whom 
was sick and soon died. A short time after another 
child was born. In spite of such circumstances she 
vs ent to work immediately to make a living for her- 
self and her children. Her oldest son, Martin, was 
put to work, and she made men's clothing. 

Our family records show that "in after years 
she was mairJed to Esfjuire Noble, of Pownal," near 
Bennington. We have not been able to even ap- 
proximate the date of this second marriage. In 
''Governor and Council." Vol. I, p. 2S0, we find 
referpuce to "Captain Eli Xoble, Esq., of Pownal," 
and, in Vermont Historical Magazine, Vol. II. p. 3.^9, 
a list of revolutiouary officers of Vermont, in which 
the names of Eli, Tehan and Enoch Noble appear 
among the oaptains. H*^ may have been related to 
Second T/ieutenant John Noble of Captain Weight 
Hopkins' company, in whir-h John Fassett, Jr., wa« 
first lieutenant. Captain Eli Noble had children liv- 

117 



THE DEWEYS. 

ing when he married Elizabeth Dewey Follett, Mrs. 
Clarii says thrsL she reinembers hiin, as be visited the 
Folietts at Enosbiirgh abont ISIO. One incident that 
imprestied itself npon the memory of Mrs. Clark, then 
only seTen years of age, was his peculiar way of shav- 
ing himself. lie would wet his face and hand and go 
to th.- "soap barrel," an institution of the early days, 
v^^hich contained soft soap for the use of the whole 
house, dip his hand into the soap and make a lather 
by rubbing it on his wet face. He would then sit 
down and shave without any minor. He was at one 
time a justice of the peace, was a deacon in the church 
and we suppose that he was, like almost every man in 
those days, a farmer. After his death, which must 
have occurred about 1S2S, his widow, "Grandma 
Xoble," as Elizabeth Dewey was then known, went 
to her daugbier, lui-s. Betse.v Keynoldis, ^it C<lxTi- 
bridge. It is said that ihe distance was about one 
hundred miles, and that she rode it on horse-back, 
although she was about eicrhty-nve years of age. 

She spent about one-third of her time, after Cap- 
tain Aoble's death, with her son. jSrartin, at Enos- 
burgh, and lived with her other children when not at 
Martin's home. !Mr. James Follett (1811) and others 
who remember her say that she was energetic, short, 
thick-set and "as straight as a candle." It is also said 
she never leaned back in a chnir. Toward the last 
of her life f he was deaf. ^frs. Clark remembers her 
well, having seen much of her iu Enosburgh and 
having visited in Cambridge while she was there, 
and speaks of her in the most glowing terms. The 
exnct date of her death is not known, but Mrs. Clark 
says it must have been about a yenr after the death 
ofMartin Dewey Follett (1705-^1831), which would 
probably fix the year as lSo2, she being nearly ninety 
years of age. 

The name of Elizabeth Dewey should be cher- 
ished by her de^u-endants as long as any remain, 
TVhile we, and those who follow after us, enjoy the 
delights of peace and the luxuries of quiet homes, 

118 






FIRST MHKTIXr, HorSl- IX iJKX XlXC.Tt 'X, :; 



I'^ -/a<? 



REV. lEDEDIAH DEWEY (1714-1778). 

under the proiection of the greatest and grancl«?st of 
nationsj let us never forget tbe sufTerings and the 
sorro'>T ^;vhich the birth of that nation cost Elizabeth 
Dewey Follett. - . 



Key. Jeuediah Dey/ey. 

As Kev. Jedediah Dewey (iTl-l — 1778) was a near 
relative and, as, if the foregoing suppositior«s be cor 
rect, he must have been a good friend iu tiniOv^ of 
trouble, to Elizabeth Dewey, his history will be 
briefly touched upon, the facts being derived from 
Jennings' "'Bennington,"', although there is not a 
history of Aermout that does not mention his name. 

ilex. Jedediah Dewey wa? called to the pastorate 
of the Bennington church May 24, 1763, removing 
from NVestiielu, 2via.oS. He wf--; one of the prominent 
njen in the history of early Vermont, being a most 
enthusiastic patriot. In 1770 he was indicted at Al- 
bany as a leader in the land coutroversy with Xew 
York state, and in 1772 his influence with Governor 
Tryon, of iN'eiv' York, brought about a temporary ces- 
satJOD of the trouble. Go the Sunday preceding the 
battle of Beunington, he preached a strong Vv-ar ser- 
mon, urging his people to go and fight for their 
country. After the capture of Ticonderoga he eon- 
ducted a service of thanksgiving which Ethan Allen 
aud many officers from Ticonderoga attended. 
Jenuings gives several anecdotes showing his stern 
character. On one occasion, Ethan Allen, who was 
an infidel, being displeased with a statement made 
by Mr. Dewey in his sermon, was leaving the meet- 
ing-house, when Mr. Dewey pointed at him and said: 
*'Sit down, thoti bold blasphemer, and listen to the 
word of God." Colonel Allen sat down and listened. 
On the occa.5ion of the thanksgiving service after the 
taking of Ticonderoga, Mr. Dewey was interrupted iu 
his prayer, in which he was giving to the Lord the 
glory for the victory, by Colonel Allen shouting out, 
"Parson Dewey! Parson Dewey!! Parson Dewey!!! 
Please mention to the Lord about my being there.'' 

121 



THE DEWETS. 

But Mr. Dewev proceeded without taking any notice 
of tiie iuierruj)tion. However, Parson Dewej and 
Cojonel Allen were good friends, and ''if he had any 
enemies," says Jennings, ''it has not been handed 
down." His first wife was Mindwell Hayden Hop- 
kins (1712 — 1760), of Windsor, Conn., whom he mar- 
ficd Ai gUfit 4, 173G, and by whom he had eight chil- 
dren: 

Mindweil, November 29, 1737 (married Captain 
Wei^;ht Hopkins, see Hopkins record). 

Lncy, 1739. 

Jedediah, 1742. 

Elijah. November 28, 1744 (see further notice). 

3i:idad,'l747. 

Lucy (2d), :l 751. 

Maruaret, 1756 (married Colonel Joseph Fay). 

Jt^etsey, 1759. 

Els second wife was Betty Buck, whom he mar- 
ried in 1761, and by whom he had six children: 

Loan, 17G5. 

Tabitha, 1768. 

Julia, 1770. 

Claret, 1773. 

Phyana, 1775. 

Plina, 1778 (who married Anna, daughter of 
Colonel Joseph Safford). 

Betty Buck Dev/ey died June 29, 1792 

"Rev. Jedediah Dewey died Dec. 21, 1778, at Ben- 
nin2:ton. 



Captain Elijah Dewey (174^ — 1818), son of Hex. 
JededUih Dewey, was born in Westiield, Ma^fs., No- 
vember 28, 1744, and died in Bennington Octobet* 10, 
1818. He was a man of much prominence in the early 
affairs of the state and was, according to Jennings, 
next to Governor Moses Bobiuson, the wealthiest 
man in Bennington, He was a private in the com- 
pany of Captain John Fassett, Sr,, in 1764, and was 
captain of a company of Green Mountain Boys early 
in the revolution; was at Mt. independence 1776, 
Ticonderoga in 1776 and 1777; at the head of his 

122 



CAPT. T-^LrjAH DEWEY (1741-1818). 

coi'jnn.ny in ihe ihici: of tbe light lit BenningLon Au- 
gust U'\ 1V7T and Mt Saratoga when Biirc^o^^ne sur- 
rendered. Thomas Jewelt, a brot liej' of Elaru Jewett, 
the grjuidfather of Johu Parker (see elsewhere), was 
his second lieutenant, and Xathaniel Fillmore, the 
^"[randfather of President Fillmore, was his ensign. 
The Jewett records, as well as numerous histories, 
mention Lieutenant Jewett's s<^r vices at the battle 
of Benninirton. He took a camp kettle full of powder 
and dealt it out to the men, and after the fate of the 
day was determined, he found Colonel Baum, 
mortally wounded, and carried him under a tree. 
Re retained Colonel Baum's cap, belt and sword. 
Captain Elijah Dewey's three daughters, Sarah, 
Ruth and Lett v, married, according to Jennings, 
Deacon Aaron Hubbell, Captain 3)[oses Bobinson, Jr., 
aua Cojoixel Boujnnrn Fnssett= refepeetively. Colonel 
Fassett was brother of Captain .Jonn Fas^e^L, Jr. 
Captain Dewey held many positions of trust, the 
most important of vdiich was, perhaps, his being a 
member of the Council of Censors, in 1792 and 1799. 
The Council of Censors consisted, according to 
Thompson's HistO'W of Vermont, "of thirteen per- 
sons to be chosen by the people every seventh year," 
to inquire whether the constitution had been pre- 
served inviolate, etc. "These powers they may exer- 
cise for the space of one year from the day of their 
election, and no longer."' 

In a list of prisoners taken at Quebec in 1775 
the name of Jedediah Dewey appears. It is perhaps 
probnlde that Eev. tTedecliah Dewey's son, Jedediah 
(i7->2 — • ), was the man referred to. 

123 



THE BAm.Y FASSETTS. 

OITX FASSETT (boru probably about 1620), 
_^ - of De.iharn, was, according to Savage's 
^ I Genealogical Dictionary, Volume II, p. 147, 
^^->^ made freeman 1651. Nothing is said of his 
age at that time, or of whence he came, or when h^ 
died. As Xathauiel, Concord, 1666, and Patrick are 
mentioned in the same paragraph, there is no doobt 
m the writer's mind but that this John was Patrick's 
iaciitri. ii uubon's Hisiory of Lexiuo-ton, :\iaRs., Gene- 
alo.cT^ical Heo-ister, p. 65, states: "The Fasseits came 
to this country from Scotland. John Fassett was 
made freeman 1651. Nathaniel Fassett was taxed 
jn Concord 1666. There were one or more families of 
this name in Eillerica at an earlv day.'' Th^^re has 
been printed a Fassett Geuealo-v, but the most dili- 
p-ent research in the markets for rare books ard old 
genealo^'ies and town histories has failed to hrino- it 
to light. "'' 



PATRICK FASSETT. 

^Patrick Fassett (born probably about 1615). Sav- 
age's Gcnealofrjcal Dictionary, Volume II, p. 147 
i^tite^ xhax he was of "Maiden^ had Joseph, born Oc- 
tober 16.2, removed to Biilerica.^' The Genealoo-- 
.ical Ke-ister, Volume V, p. 173, -jyos a tax-list of 
biilcrica, of 1679, in which the name Patrick ffacit 
(explained to be Fassett) appears. TJie records of 
Hon. Elias Fassett, of Toledo, O., show Patrick Fas- 
sett, to have boen a tax-payer of Biijerica in 1670 'or 
ib<l, and that lie Had three sons, Joli.n, Josiah, and 
Joseph. (John born 1G74 or 1673. died 1736-7). 
124 



EARLY GKNERATIONS. 

In the In. E, Hist, and Gen, Reg., Vol. XYIl, p. 
332, we find a certificate of '^Jonathan Prescott sen'r- 
and Jonathan Prescott, Chirurgeons," that "John 
Fa.ssit, of Concord, is incapable of service, from lame- 
ness,'' under date October 13, 1698, This probably 
lefers to John Fassett, son of Patrick Fassett. 

Vol. X, p. 235, same authority, mentions Joseph 



JOSIAH FASSETT. 

Josiah Fassett (1674 ), son of Patrick Fas- 
sett. Xothin_£j seems to be known of Josiah, except 
that he Avas born at Billerica in 1GT4, and ^vas the son 
of PnrricJj, and that he was brother to John, who 
bought a bible, printed in London in IGll, for which 
he pHid £50. The wiiter has examined this Bible, 
which is still m an excellent state of preservatlou, 
and is the property of Hon. Elias Fassett, of Toledo. 
The records contained therein are faded, but quite 
legible. The bible was inherited by "John Fassett, 
son to Josiah Fassett." 

lu the N. E. Hist, and Gen. Peg., VoL XYIT, p. 
331, we find a list, signed by John Lane, of the 
"names of the troop which served under mr com- 
mand to the relief of Dunstable, July, 1, 1706.''' The 
name of Josiah Fassett appears in the list. 



DEACON AND CAPT. JOHX FASSETT, SR. 

Deacon and Captain John Fassett (Sr.) (1720 — 

1791), son ot Josiah Fi<ssett (1671 ), was born 

in East Cambridge, Mass., April 1, 1720. Married 
JSLuy V\\>lley in Bedford, Mass., May 14, 1741. Died 
in Bennington, Vt,, August 12, 1794.^ His children, 
who will be mentioned later on, were: " 

Sarah. 

John, Jr. (1743—1803). 

Jonathan. 

David. 

Amos. 

Mary. 

Benjamin. 

Hannah. 

U3 



THE EARLT FASSE'iTS. 

He was the head of one of the twenty or more 
f,axnilios who cjime f;o Benniiigton in the summer of 
17G1. We find that the first piiblle meeting of the 
iov.n, a pi'oprietor's meeting, was held Febi'uarv 11, 
1TG2, at his house, for he kept a tavern, and he was 
clerk, not only of the meeting, but of the propriety. 
The A'eimont Ilistorioal Magazine states that he 
lived one-half mile sonth of the meeting-house, kept 
tavern, and the town meetings were held at hi;v house 
till ITlH , when they were at the meeting-house. He 
was captain of the first military company in Ben- 
nington, which was probably the first company of 
resident Vermonters within the limits of the present 
state. From this it may possibly be inferred that 
John Fassett (1720 — 1791) liad seen military service 
in the French and Indian wars and was selected, in 
preifi cticu tu viuex >3cttiGro, to cCiiiinaiivj. i\jc Ben- 
nington military by reason of his fitness for the posi- 
tion. The company was formed about the time of 
the beginning of the difficulties with New York 
state. The roll found among the papers of Captain 
Elijah Dewey is given on page 14G, Vol. I, Vermont 
Historical Magazine, as fojlows: Muster Koll of the 
first company of ]!^[ilitia in the luwn of Bennington, 
organized October 24, 17C4. 



John Fassatt, Captain. 

James Preakenridge, Lieutenant. 

Klisha Field, linsign. 

WARRANT OFFICERS. 

Leonard Robinson, First Sergeant. 

Samuel Safibrd, Second Sergeant. 

Kbeneze;- Wood, Third Sergeant. 
Henrj- Walbridge, Fourth Sergeant. 

RANK AND FILE. 

Benjamin Whipple. First Corporal. 

John Wood, Second Corporal. 

Samuel Pratt, Third Corporal. 

Peter Har^rood, Fourth Corporfcl. 



Bcsajsih Story, Diuininer. 

126 



DEACON AND CAPT. JOHN F ASSET!', Sr. 



Timothy Abbott. 
Jo hi'. Armstroiig:, 
IjibL'iiia ArtBsliOE-T 
Catauel .i.tv,-oo-\ 
Joliu Biiriihari., 
Wtfl. Burnbam. 
John Buruaam, jr., 
David Barnard, 
Levi Castle, 
Nathan Clark, 
Nathan Clerk, jr., 
Asa Clark. 
Nathan Ciark, [jd], 
Isaac C-U^.rk, 
Cornelius C^dy, 
Johnson Cleveland. 
Robert C^ochraa, 
Samud Cutler, 



^atITARY COMPANY. 

l=a^c ^"lavis, 
Klijah Dewey, 
Kacch Kastman, 
l.'avid Fassett, 
John Fassett, [set], 
Jonathan Fassett. 
Josiah Fuller, 
Thomas HcDderson. 
Z'iChariah Harwood, 
Abm. Newton, 
G«orge Peiigry, 
Timothy Pratt, 
Silas Robinson, 
Moses Robinson, 
Joseph Richardson. 
Daniel Kood, 
Betiajiih Rood, 
David Sadord, 



Joseph Safiord, 
Jonathan Scott, 
Matthew Scott,, 
Moses Scott, 
0!i%'er vScott. 
P.liiaehRS ?cott, 
Sauvuel S''ott, 
John Smith, 
Daniel Scolt, 
John Smith, jr., 
Joseph 81:111 i.h. 
Thomas S.njth. 
Elijah Story, 
Thoo-.is Stiiry, 
Samuel Ti:bbs, 
JoaepL Vvickwire, 
Samuel sVt;ght; 



SAMUEL ROiUN: 



Tr i,c n-)i>. PstiT5g to nule, -.-.. --->.- . — -^ — 

of the stirring tlDies tiiat toiJowea during i.iie uexi. 
quavter ot a century, what prominent ni.iiiiarT and 
civil positions the members of this compiiny gener- 
ally attained. 

' That Captain John Fassett, Sr, (1720—1704) was 
a man of some prominence in Bennington may be hi- 
fcTied from the fact that his name appears as rep- 
resentative of the town in the first u^gislature, which 
Bat in Bei nington in 1778, in which his sou John was 
also representative from Arlington. Nothing else 
seems to be known of his actions during the revolu- 
tion or alter, but of one thing we may rest assured, 
in the town of Bennington, so prorainent for its devo- 
tion to the cause of American independence, no man 
would represent the people in the legislature, who 
was not a true and recognized patriot. The foliow- 
in,g notice of Deacon John Fassett (1T20-- •17&4) in 
ta'ken from Jennings' Eenningten: ^ 

"His name is upon 'the old church covenant ; 
and he was one of the merabers of the Bennington 
church at its organization, and the first clerk of che 
church. He took a leading port in it3 affairs. His 

127 



THE EAELY FASSETT8. 

name constanrlv occurs upon committees of busiaess 
in the cljurch, from its commeii cement and through 
the pastorates of the Messrs. DeYs'ey and Avery. 

"He way leader of the choir, and, with very few 
exceptions, the leaders of the choir, through the first 
century, have been from among his descendants. He 
removed hither from Hardwiciv. ^^lass., and he" was a 
staunch Separate, in principle 7jd feeling, through 
life. A common saying, which has been handed 
down, illustrates his punctuality and strictness in 
religious dudes: 'It is as true as that John Fassett 
wil) be at prayer-meeting at such an hour'." 

Jennings gives a list of such descendants of 
Deacon Fassett as were leaders of the Bennington 
church choir. They were Col, Benjamin Fassett, 
Col. Jonathan F. Robinson, Gen. Henry Robinson. 
il/eaeoii joiiii F. Il'jbiiiC'jii, J. £c7nicur ^Merrill and 
John Fay. Further mention of John Fassett (1720— 
1794) will be made in the chapter on Early Ben- 
nington. 

128 



CIJILDEEN OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, SR. 
(1720— 1T94.) 

4^^*^ Alt AH FASSETT, daughter of Captain John 
W^ Fassett, Sr. (1720—179-1). Dates not at 
^s^f hand. Married Dr. Jonas Fay. See Fay 
records. 

Captain John Fassett, Jr. (1743 — 1803), son of 
Captain John Fassert, Sr. (1720—1791). See chapter 
on C:ipt'?.!>i .^ohn F^sweii, Jr., abo his diary in latter 
part of this booli. 

Captain Jonathan Fassett, son of Captain John 
Fassett, Br. (1720—1791). Dates not at hand. His 
name appears frequently in "Governor and Council" 
as a captain. He was a delegate several tiinen 
from Pittsford and a signer of the oeciar;;,- 
tioD. for the cause of liberty in July, 1770. 
Capt. Jonathan, David and CoL Benjamin Fas- 
sett were probably among the first commission- 
ers appointed. V\e tind him authorized, on Septem- 
ber 8, 1777, to procure or impress ten teams for trans 
porting provisions to the army, and on November 2S, 
1777, commissioned to sequester tory efl'ects. On Oc- 
tober 20, 1777, February 2, April 12 and June 12, we 
find records of him as a member of the Board of '\Var 
foe Vermont, and mention is made of him January" 4, 
1781, as "late commissioner of purchases.'' On Feb- 
ruary 22, 17S2, the Board of War, of which Capt. John 
Fassett, Jr., was then secretary, recommended '"that 
the fort at Pittsford be lemo^'ed to Captain Jonathan 
Fassett's hoiise.'- 

He was, however, expelled from the house of rep- 
resentatives, on motion of Captain Elijini Dewey> 
February 28, 1787. We find in A'olume fli, p. 36G_. 
129 



CHILDREN OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, 8r. 

the fojiovring in regard to hiui: "He was one of the 
earlj settlers, a large land holder, quite loquacious, 
took a promiuent part in the transaction of the public 
business;, an J, up to this date, appears to have had 
the coniiaence ol' his townsmen, by reason or which 
he had three times represented them in the Gerieral 
Assembly of the state, and had but recently been 
elected for a i'ourth term. lie had also held the office 
of justice of the peace and county judge." It seems 
the cause of his expulsion from thi' house was that 
he haa incited a riot Y\'hereby the court of common 
pleas at AMndsor was seriously interfered with, ne- 
cessitating the calling out of the militia. 

Mrh.. Clerk and Mr. James Follett (1811) both 
remember Capiain Jonathan Fassett. He was a tall 
man, long featured, and had a strong temper, per- 
haps C'Lv [0 hi.^ ilij.:;ti_cicil r'iver'^O'? ?.i}'l h^^ fr>/iKiA 
health in old age. He visited much among his 
relatives. 



David Fassett, son of Capt. John Fassett, Sr. 
(1720-1791:). Dates not at hand. The only records 
conceriiing him which are at hand are two vrrits 
issued by order of the Council August 2S and 29, 
1777, to seize certain property of tories, and on Sep- 
tember 6, 1777, a permit to take two men from the 
guard-house on September 8, signed by Thomas Chit- 
tenden. He evidently had some heavy farm work to 
do and took advantage of the tory prisoners taken at 
the battle of Bennington on August 16. 

Dr. Nathan Fassett, son of John Fassett, Sr. 
(1720—1794). Ko dates at hand. He was undoubt- 
edly in Warner's regiment on the first expedition to 
Canada, as will appear in the diarv of Capt. John 
Fasseit, Jr. (1743— 1S03). 

'\\. '' ISO , . 



H. 



CHILDREN OF CAFF. JOHN FAgSETT, Sn. 

Judge Amos Fasscti ( — ISlOj, son oi! Capt 

John Faaseii, Sr. (ITliO— ITOi).- Xo dates at liaud. 
His name appears in ''Governor and CouiicH" as 
assistant judge foi' several years. He removed 
to Cambridge in 178i, as vrili appear iu tlie 
chapter on iOariy Cambridge. He removed to 
EnosDurgJA in iSOO, lAvo of bis sons were in 
the company ol' Captain Jiartin Dewey Foliett (1705 
— ISoi) in the war oi 1812. Hemenway's Ver- 
mont Historical Gazetteer, p. 112, mentions 
"Anna Fassett, a widow lady. Her husband, Judge 
Amos I'assett, died in 1810, vxdiile attending court 
at St. Albans. Had twelve children," Was judge of 
county court 1803 — 180u — 1809. 



d.aughtr-!- of John Fasseit, Sr. 
(1720 — 1< b)ij. I.>o uaico at hand. S^^-^ T>inrried Judge 
Jonathan Kobinson. See Eobinson records. 



Colonel Benjamin Fassett, son of Cax)tain John 
Fassett, Sr. (1720 — 1791), is mentioned frequently 
and was a man of much prominence. The pari icuhirs 
of his military service are not at hand. Jennings says 
he came to Bennington with his father in 17G1, was 
for some years leader of the choir,was commissary 
in the revolution, served in other capacities Id civil 
and military life, was an active business man, and 
died in Bennington, leaving numerous descendants. 
His first wife was Betty, daughter of Captain Elijah 
Dewey, by whom he had Betsey (Mrs. Uriah Edger- 
ton), Sarah and Pvuth (Mrs. Samuel Fay, mother to 
Samuel, Benjamin and John Fay). His second wife 
was Mrs. Hetty Alvah, by whom he had Benjamin 
Schenck, Adeline (Mrs. Edw. H. Swift) and Mary 
(Mrs. Eev. Gordon Hayes). 



Hannah Fassett, daughter of Capt. John Fassett, 
Sr. (1720—1791), united with the church 17S-L Xo 
other records at hand. 

131 




CAPTAIN JOHN FABSETT, JR. 
(1743—1803). 

^'APTAIN JOHN FASSETT, JE., (1743- 
lS03)j oldest son of Captain aud Deacon 
Johu Fassett, Sr., (1720 — 1794), was born 
in Rardwick, Mass., June 3, 1743, removed 
to Bennington in 17G1, married in 1764 Hannah Saf- 
ford (1746 — 1810), daughter of Deacon Joseph Saf- 
ford (1705 — 1775); and removed to Cambridge, 1784, 
where he died Apni 2, 1803. His children, of whom 
mention will bo made later, were: 

Sarah (1705 ). 

Persis (17G7--1S49). 

John (1769—1853). 

Eiias (1771 ). 

Susannah (1776 ). 

Joseph (177S- ). 

Cheliis (1 781 ). 

Hannah (1785 ). 

Susannah (17SS ). 

The following biographical notice appears in 
Vol. T.I- page 2, Records of the Governor and Cor.ncil 
of Veruioni;, an ot^cial ijuoLicadon of the state: 

'*John Fasi^ott, Jr., was born in Hardvrick, 
Mass., June 3, 1743, and came to Bennington with 
his father, Deacon and Captain John Fassett, in 
1761: removed to Arlington in 1777, and to Cam 
bridge in 17S4. Few men were more constantly in 
public service than Jo}in Fassett, Jr. He was lieu- 
tenant in \Varner's First Begiment, In 1775,, and 
captiiin in Warner's Secoad, in 1770. In 1777 he 
was one of the commissioners of sequestration, and, 
with Gov. Chittenden and Matthew Lyon, successful 



THE COUNCII.. 

ill subduing Ike lories of Arlinpion. He was elected 
representatiTe of Arlington iii the General Assembly 
for 1778 and 1779, and for Cambridge in ITS! and 
representative of Arlington in the General Assembly 
1788. 1790 and 1791; though in 1779, 17S7 and 17SS, 
and 1790 and 1791, he \YawS also elected Councillor. 
He served in each oiiice portions of the time. He 
was a member of the Council in 1779 and until 1795, 
with the exception of 17S(> — fifteen years. Tie was 
judge of the Superior Court from its organization in 
177S until 17S6 — eight vears; and chief judge of 
Chittenden County Court from 1787 unrii 1704— 
seven years." 

The Council of Vermont ^'as an institution pe- 
culiar to that state, where there was no state sen ate. 
and where every organized town was entitled to a 
represeuLaLivt m the general assembly. Thompson, 
In his history of Vermont, says : "Tlie supreme execu- 
tive power is vested in a governor, lieutenant gover- 
nor, and a council of twelve persons, who are chosen 
annually by the freemen on the first Tuesday of Sep- 
tember, and meet with the general assembly in Oc- 
tober. They are to com.mission all olncers, etc. * * 
The governor is captain general and commander in- 
chief of all the forces of the state, but cannot com- 
mand in person unless advised thereto by the coun- 
cil, and then only so long as they shall approve. * * 
The governor and council have no negative on the 
house., but they have power to suspend the passing 
of any bill until the next session or the legislature." 
Thus it may be seen that an election to the Council 
was quite an honor, and pvobablv carried with ii: 
some influence. The name of John Fassett, Jr., 
appears? continually on all sorts of committees, etc., 
in the Kecords of the Governor and Council during 
the many years in which he was a member of the 
Council. He was also member of the Board of War 
for R time, his name appearing a number of times in 
that connection, several times as secretary. 

The first military service of John Fass^ett, Jr., 
of which we have any record, was as a private in his 

13?. 



CAFT. JOHN FASSETT, Jb. (17434805). 

father's company in 1764. at the beginning of the 
troubles vrith X^w Yorl: F^tatr. In the revolution he 
v/as one of the "Green Mountain Boys", liis name 
appeaj-'iiig in the Vermont histories as ranldno- fir«t 
lieutenant (in Captain Weight Bopkius' company) 
of Lieut. Col. Seth Vraruer's regiment, which Y>'as 
raised, under advice of the Continental Congress, in 
1776, for service in Canada. It is possible that he 
was one of the "Bennington Mob", who took Ticon- 
deroga. as will appear in the chapter on Early Ben- 
nington. The ofiicial cei-tificate of his military serv- 
ice is here given, from which it vvill be readify seen 
that nothing definite can be obtained in regard'to hi:^ 
exact whereabouts and military services during the 
greater part of the revolntion. 

StAI'E Ot' Vt^r^iont, 
Adjut.\nt axd IxsnocTorv Gene-ral's Office, 
BuklcnGtox, Dcccmher 7, 1893. 
I hereby certify that the folov/ing is a correct 
transcript from the records on file in this office, re- 
garding soldiers who served in the Revolationary 
AYar. Extract from a Pay Eoll it appears that Joh'n 
Fassett, Jr., was appointed at Dorset July 20, 1775, 
1st Lieutenant in Captain Wait Hopkins' First Com- 
pany in Lieut. Col. Seth Warner's i Regiment, and 
promoted Captain in 1770. He was also promoted 
in October 1777, as Commissary to the Hospital at 
Bennington. The length of his service is not given 
here. 

(Signed) T. S. Peck, 

[Seal of Vermont.] Adj't and Insp'r Geu'l, 

In Ibese days we would think it impossible for a 
man to hold a commission in the military service and 
sit in a legislature or hold other public office at the 
same time. Numerous instances have been observed 
by the writer of men who held milit;iry commissions 
in the continental army while they were members of 
Congress or state legislatures. In the case of John 
Fassett, Jr., we find him filling several positions at 

134 



MILITARY SERVICE. 

tlie sam<' time, beiug a nrilitary officer, iiiember of the 
legioiature, Councii, Board of War, Commissioner of 
Betiuestvation, judge of Rupreme Court, etc., possibly 
not rll at the same time, but certainly' holding sev- 
eral of these positions at once, on several occasions. 

The story of the expedition of Warner's regiment 
of Green Mountain Boys to Montreal will be related 
in detail by John Fassett, Jr., himself hi his diary, 
vvliich appears toward the end of this volume. The 
Vermont Historical ilagazine, VoL 1, p. loi, says of 
this expedition: "Among the important services 
performed by this regiment was the decisive defeat 
of General Carleton at Longaiel, which prevented 
his furnishing relief to St. John's and caused Its im- 
mediate surrender and also the abandonment of 
Montreal to the Amf^noan forces under General 
Montgomery. 'ihciip^Oxi ^.ays of Ih'-? mohlov.f: "Tn 
pursuance of this design, Carleton embarked his 
troops" (about one thousand, according to HalFs de- 
tailed account, p. 217, Hall's History) "at Montreal 
with the view of crossing the St. Lawrence and 
larding at Longuiel. Their embarkation was ob- 
served by Colonel Seth Warner, from the opposite 
shore, who, with 300 Green Mountain boys, watched 
their motions and prepared for their approach. 

Just before they reached the soutli shore Warner 
opened upon them a well-directed and incessant tire 
of musket-^y and grape-shot f]"om a four-pounrier, by 
which unexpected assault, the enemy were thrown 
into the greatest confusion, and soon retreated with 
precipit?i.tion and disorder. * * * The garrison (at 
St. eTohn's) laid down their arms on the -^d of Xo- 
A'ember, marched out of the works and became pris- 
oners of war to the number of .500 regulars and more 
than 100 Canadian volunteers. General Montgomery 
treated them with the greatest politeness and had 
them conveyed by the As-ay of Ticonderoga into the in- 
terior of New England." Captain Fassett, in his 
diary, did not seem to ay>preciate the importance of 
this affair, not being in a position to observe at once 
the eilect. 

130 



CAPT. JOIi^' FASBETT, Jr. (3743-1803). 

Gov. nilai'd Hall says in his liistory : "Yv'arner's 
regiment, having served as volunteers^ and the men 
bojng: too miserably clothed to endure a wioter cam- 
paign in that severe climate, w^re honorably dis- 
charged on the 20ih of November and returned lo 
their liomeB.'- We then find the follovring in the 
Vermont Historical Mapizine; "After Montgom- 
ery's defeat, Vv^arner's reiiiiiient, but a few Aveehs be- 
fore honorably discharged, was again assembled and 
marched immediately to Quebec and endured the 
hardships and perils of a winter campaign, bringing 
up the rear of the retreating array in the ensuing 
spring." It seems unfortunately true that there 
exists no list of either the oitlcers or the soldiers of 
this regiment. This must be the regiment referred 
to in the biographical sl^etch of John Fassett, Jr., ^n 
■'vjiwYL-jLiioi and Council," as "V^arner's flecond in 
1776." in which John Fassett, Jr., was captain. 
Hon. Elias Fassett, of Toledo, Ohio, in a letter re- 
ferring to the diary of John Fassett, Jr., says: 

"At that time he returned to lienningtor, raid en- 
listed for the war, and was made captain. The diary 
kept by him for the later period was burned at the 
time his house was burned. He had command of 
Fort TN'inooski, near Burlington, but T have nothing 
as to the date." The second part of the diary rrlght 
have been of great historical value had it been pre- 
served, on account of the lack of records of Warner's 
Second regiment. There seems to have been one entry 
in it preserved, thp first, In vv'hich we are told thatCao- 
tainFassett did accompany the regiment on its second 
expedition to Canada. The experiences of that dis- 
astrous campaign, when at one time two-thirds of 
the American army were down vrith the small-pox, 
and when one defeat seemed to follow another, often 
short of x>"ovisions and once losing their baggage, 
were undoubtedly set forth in that part of the diary 
which fire has forever sealed. 

In "Governor and Council," Vol. I, pp. 123 and 
12i, Captain. John Fassett, Jr., is mentioned as being 
138 



li*^.....^- 



>'Ji 






^ '"-A 



■37 -^i^^^ 



CASHIERED AIXD REINSTATED. 

with his company in a block-house at Jericho. The 
rr\<^T) abindoiied it on the retreat of the Continental 
forces from Canada, and the olflcers of the company 
v.^ere phiced under arre>st, tried for co^Yardice, con- 
victed and cashiered by General Gates. It is evident 
from what follows in the history of Lieutenant Lyon 
that a subsequent investigation must have been 
made and that the ofiicers were cleared and re-iu- 
stated. These ofdcers, Fassett, Lyon and Vv'right, 
Rre mentioned as having served, at Onion Tliver in 
j.776. We have no positive record that John Fassett, 
Jr., was re-instated after being ca^^hiered, but we 
may rest assured that no officer v/ho hrid been cash- 
iered and not re-instated would receive liis pay, and 
we will show that John Fassett, Jr., did receive his 
pav. On page :I00. Vol. I, "Governor and Council," 
vv.n..d the following: 

'Mune 25, 1776,, Congress bad resolved that a 
colonel's commission be immediately issued to Major 
Dubois, vrith instructions forthwith to raise a regi- 
ment to serve for three years, or during the war, and 
that the corps of olYicers be composed of such as have 
served with credit in Canada; no officer to receive 
his commission until iiis company be raised and 
armed; the ovm^, of the people enlisting themselves, 
to be valued by the committees of the counties, where 
the companies are raised, and paid for by the con- 
tinent, on their being mustered. This was followed, 
July 5. 177G, by the following:" 

^'Resolved, That a regiment be raised out of the 
officers who served in Canada, on the same terms on 
which the repjm.ent to be commanded by Colonel 
Dubois, h^ to be raised; and that the following per- 
sons be appointed officers of the said regiment: 

Peth Warner, colonel. 

F^amuel ^afford, lieutenant colonel. 

Elisha Painter, major. 

Wait TTopkins. John Grant, Gideon Brownson, 
Abiath.er Angel, Simeon Smith, Joshua Stanton, 
[Abner] Secly, Jacob Yosboroug, captairis, 

1.39 



CAPT JOHN FAPSETT, Jk, (1743-3 S03\ 

John Allen, Fuwsett [John Fassett, Jr.], 

[EbG^-'orerl Walbrid<?e, [William] Dean, James Gold. 
— — Sill, Ebenezer Hide, Gamaliel Painter, tlrst lieu- 
tenants. 

Ebenezer Beaumont, adj iitant. Journals of Con- 
gress 1T7C, Vol. 2, pp. 219, 234." 

This regiment continued in service daring the 
war, although it is evident the officers and men Avere 
not on duty constantly. It must have been composed 
to a certain extent of about the same ofilcers and men 
as those who first formed it, and although Ethan 
Allen wrote of them after his defeat in election for 
lieutenant colonel in 1775, "Tlic old farmers on the 
Now Hampshire Grants who do not incline to go to 
war'* (see Henry Hall's Life of Ethan Allen, p. 99), 
''thev made a grand regiment and served their 

' - ' ■ -,. • ^ , : J-V ^— ."It... 

In "Governor and Council" we find an order 
issued to "Captain John Fassett," in regard to a 
"pottash kettle for the Hessiaiis to cook in"; also ia 
connection with the suggestion of his name for some 
public duty "But with his military duties, and the 
exaction oi his time and energies as Commissioner 
of Sequestration, he had full enough to do." The 
order in regard to the "pottash kettle" must have 
been issued at about the time when be "was 
promoted in October 1777, as Commissary to the 
Hospital at Bennington," as mentioned in the cer- 
tificate' of the Adjutant General of Vermont. The 
extract, "But with his military duties," etc., shows 
that he was evidently in the military service while 
acting as Commissioner of Sequestration. From 
these extracts it might be inferred that he was with 
Warner's regiment at the battle of Bennington, al- 
though the regiment seems to have been consider- 
ably broken up at that time, a large portion of it 
being on detached service. 

There seems to be a misunderstanding of histor- 
ians as to the part Warner's regiment played in the 
battle. The conclusion, however, is that Colonel 

14t1 



THE GREEN MOUIS'TAIIS BOYS. 

Warner was in per^^ou with General Stark tiiruugh- 
out the battle, and that his regiDient, which was at 
Manohesier under copimaiul of Lieutenant Colonel 
Samuel Sailord, was marched froiu Manchester, in 
conipliance with an order sent by courier from Crcn- 
eral Stark to Lieutenant Colonel Safford, an-iviui;- 
on the tieJd in time to drive back Lieutenant Colonel 
Breyman's Grenadiers who had just arrived and 
were slowly giving Stark's men the worst of it. It is 
the opinion of the writer, who has failed to lind, 
after considerable research, any proof that Captain 
John Fassett, Jr.. was or was not with his regiment, 
that he Avas with this regiment not only at the battle 
of Bennington, but probably also during tlie very 
hard service which it had been through a few weeks 
previous. Tliompson's History of Vermont gives 
\ci\ cliiiLiI/ ""^^ f'or^ord of that magnificent regiment 
of '-Green Mountain Boys." In speaking of the re- 
treat from the unfortunate affairs of Mt. Inde- 
pendence and Gubbardton, Thompson says that the 
rear-guard was placed under con:imand of Colonel 
Seth Warner, July 6, 1777, consisting of his own 
and two other regiments, but one of the colonels be- 
coming alarmed at his position, withdrew, leaving 
Warner with his own and Colonel Francis' regi- 
ments, about SOO men, v\-hen he was attacked. *'The 
conflict was fierce and bloody. Francis fell at the 
liead ctf his regiment, fighting v/ith great resolution 
and bravely. Warner, well supported by his officers 
and men, charged the enemy vrith such impetuosily 
and bravery tliat they ^^ere thrown into disorder.'' 
But British reinforcements arrived and the Ameri- 
cans, overpowered and exhaustod, were routed. 

In the Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
Vol. I, p. 207, General Stark's letter to General Gates 
in regard to the battle of Bennington says; "I can- 
not particularize any ofncer, as they all behaved with 
the greatest spirit and bravery. Colonel Warners 
superior skill in the action was of extraordinary serv- 
ice to rae. I would be glad if lie and his men could be 
recommended to Congress." 

141 



CAPT. JOHN FA5STCTT, Jk. (1745-18031. 

Hon. Hirain Carlcton, president of the Vermont 
Historical Society, writes, under date of November 
30, 1S95: "As to^vhetiier Captaiu John Fasselt, Jr., 
was nctiialj.' at the battle of Bennington it is hard to 
say. There is a record in our Adjuto.nt General's 
office showing that he was Commissary to the Gen- 
eral Hospiral b}'' appointment of Council of Safety 
and General Lincoln from October 3d to November 
6th. 1777, both days included, one month three days, 
at forty dollars per month, etc., the whole amountiny: 
to fifty-liTe and six-ninths dollars. He also served 
from July 19ch to December 1st, 1776 in the north, 
captain of an independent company, four months and 
twelve days, his pay amounting to one hundred and 
seventeen and one-seventh dollars." It was probably 
durinji; this per'od of s^^^i'^ic^' that he "^'as ca-rhiered 
a£ku i'CiLiSLci cc't-i. "■ i iie iOi'Cpoin^ uyc tiic oi-u^i l•-^^^.>xvJ."3 
of service in the Adjutant General's ofiice. As yov; 
tnow. Vermont had not become fully orsranized as a 
state until about 1778 and the records before that 
time are scanty. There is, however, a roll, more or 
less complete, of Colonel Warner's command in 1777, 
but the nanie of Captain John Fassett, Jr., does not 
appear." This is by no means evidence that he was 
not in this regiment at that time, as we know that 
the reel men t was often reduced to half its strength 
by detachment Mr. Carleton adds, after speaking of 
Warner and his first expedition to Canada, "He was 
again called out by General Wooster in January, 
1776, and served until July, 1776. He was then made 
colonel and Rafford lieutennnt colonel of the regi- 
ment, and the militia of the New Hampshire Grants 
was generady called out to m.eet the invasion of Gen 
eral Carleton. At this time, no doubt. Captain John 
Fassett's independent company served as before 
stated," 

Captain John Fassett, Jr., was a member of tiio 
Commitiee of Snfety on October 20, 1777, hut how 
long before or after that date he served on that 
committee we do not know. Ttecord is found of him 

142 



Fir.LS POSITIONS OF PROMINENCE. 

as Commissary to the Hospital at Bennington Oc- 
tober 4j 1777. This hospital must have been no 
small aifair at that time, right alter such a terrible 
battle, and with such an enormous number of pris- 
oners and wounded on hand. 

We also find record of his actions as Commis- 
sioner 01 Sequestration as early as January 3, 1778. 
The Vermont Historical Gazetteer states that when 
Chittenden, l.yon and John Fassett, Jr., moved to 
.'^•lington, about fifteen miles north of Bennington, 
to take possession of property confiscated from 
lories, '^Captain Fassett took Bisco's house" and 
that '"Ethan Allen was the neighbor of Fassett. '^ 
xUlen had not long been returned from his captivity. 

John Fassett, Jr., appears as one of the several 
judges of th(^ supreme court of Vermont for eight 
0UCCC0.3X /v, J ^a.;: beginning 17"R At nr;.o tiiue he was 
one of a committee of four to look at the territory 
claimed by Vermont ea.st of the Hudson river. 

He was a member of the committee which car- 
ried on the famous secret negotiations with the 
British General Raldimand, by which, says Jen- 
nings, "The operations of the enemy were paralyzed, 
and tlie northern frontier protected from invasion 
during the last three years of the war." The other 
members of the committee were Governor Thomas 
Chittenden, Governor Moses Robinson, General 
Samuel Safford, Colonel Ethan Allen, Ira Allen, Tim 
Brownson and Colonel Joseph Fay. Their actions, 
a complete account of which may be found in Vol. II, 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 350 pages of 
which are devoted to the Haldimand papers, in much 
of Volume II, ^'Governor and Council/' and in the 
last hundred pages of small print in Vol. II, Vermont 
Historical Gazetteer, were of a secret nature and 
some few persons accused the members of the cora- 
mittee of conspiracy and treason. But Governor 
Hilaud Hail, in his Early History of Vermont, p. iG3, 
in speaking of these accusations, says of John Fas- 
sett, Jr.: *'rie had numerous infiuential family con 

143 



CAPT. JOHN TASSETT, Jr. (1:-13-]803). 

nections, who, with himself, were well known tor 
their attachment to the cause of their country." 

The name of John Fassett, Jr., occurs frequently 
i'i the proceedings and papers of the committee. 
The object of this' committee was to apparently ar- 
range an exchange of prisoners, but under the sur- 
face there was a deep-laid plot, kuoAvn only to the 
committee, the v>-orking3 of which were at times of 
the most thrilling and sensational nature, and upou 
the final success of which depended the recognition 
uf Vermont bv Consjress. On one occasion we find 
(GoYornor and Council, Vol. II, p. 130) the Governor, 
John Fassett, Jr., and one or two other members of 
this committee juggling letters just arrived from the 
frontier, which thcrassembled populace vrere clamor- 
ing to have read to them while Ethan Allen, to divert 
ti-icxi dttcxxlion, picked up a pretended quarrel wi.h 
on oificer, which lasted long enough to give time in 
which the other gentlemen could re-write the tetters, 
leading out such parts as contained secret informa- 
tion for the committee. The limits of this book will 
admit of but brief glances at the events of this justly 
celebrated aud most important period in the history 
of the State, 

Ira Allen said of the Yermonters at this lime: 
"They hate Congress like the devil, and have not yet 
a very good opinion of Britain." To appreciate the 
full meaning of this remark, one m.ust read carefully 
the shaiiieftil abuse heaped upon the infant State of 
Vermont by Congress, who refused to acknowledge 
her independence, by New Yorlv, who still claimed 
jurisdiction over the New liaivipshire Grants and 
was e: erling a powerful influence in Congress 
against Vermont, aud by Xevr Hampshire, Connecti- 
cut and Massacliusetts, who were sooner or later 
dragged into the quarrel. A powerful British aruiy 
was on the north. Congress offered no assistance in 
keeping this array out of Vermont, and Xew York 
was, according to Thompson, urging upon Congress 
**the necessity Of immedia^"ely recalling the commis- 
sions given to Colonel V/arner and the othcers under 



TKE HALDIMANB NEGOliATIONS. 

him, as an ;.vCt of just ice to New York, and aa the 
mean^J of opejiing the ejaa of the 'deluded people' on 
the grants, \sho had set up a separate jurisdictioi), 
dJid were do^v desiring Congress to sanction their 
iliogal proceedings. Tbey represented the influence 
of ^^''arne^ as very inconsiderable, even in the disaf- 
fected districts, and that liis serviceiii were a matter 
of no consequence to the country." It required men 
of peculiar stability and judgment to take such abuse 
as that, not only once, but right along, and not listen 
to tlie flattering overtures that General Haldiniaud 
was continually making, in an effort to secure Ver- 
mont as an independent British province of Canada. 
We must not lose sight of the fact that during this 
period of almost three years, a large army was at 
General Ilaldimand's disposal, ready to iVirce Ver- 
mr*ni into subjection. 

The following random extracts are from Thconp- 
son's small History of Vermont, showing the position 
of the Stare previous to and during this period: 

"No alternative, therefore, remained to Ver- 
mont She had taken a decisive stand, declared her 
independence, formed a constitution, enacted laws, 
and established courts of justice, and uoay nothing re- 
mained but for her to go onward with firmness and reso- 
lution; rnd happy was it for her that she possessed 
statesmen endowed with courage and abilities suited 
to the emergency of her condition; statesmen who 
well understood the rights and interests of the com- 
munity and were determined that they should not bo 
sacrificed by the neighboring states, or by the policy 
of Con gL ess." 

''That the State of Vermont was not represented 
in Congress, and could not submit to resolutions 
passed without their consent, or even knowledge, 
and which put everything v.-hich was valuable to 
them at stiske,'' etc. ''But they were not so lost to all 
sense and honor, that, after four years of war with 
Britain, in which they had expended so much blood 
and treasure, they should now give up eveiything 
145 



CAPT. JOHX FARSETT, Jk. (iT43-!S0Sj. 

worth figlitlLig for, the i-ighi of making their own 
IpwH; and choosi«.g their own form of government, to 
the arbitrament and determination of any aian, or 
body of jnen, under heaven." 

"From the commencement of hostilities at Lex- 
ington, no jteople in America liad espoused the cause 
of liberty and of their country with greater alacrity, 
or sustained it with more spirit and resolution, than 
the people of Yermont.'- "But notwithstanding their 
attachment to the cause of their country * * "' they 
could hardly wish to lend their aid for the purpose 
of bringing the struggle with a foreign enemy to a 
successiul termination, when they perceived that by 
such an event, they should be subjected to the dom- 
ination of a more detestable enemy at home. In this 
state of things Vermont wisely consulted her own 
ci-fetv; niid by -he r;r;'otiatiou with tlie O'lemv in 
Canada, in which she was now engaged, she was as 
fortunate as to secure it.-' 

''The next year the liritish entered upon the 
business with high expectations of success; and as the 
British army in Canada was ten thousand strong, and 
the frontiers of Vermont without any adequate 
m.eans of defence, it was evidently the interest of 
Vermont not to undeceive them, but to endeavor to 
effect that by policy which they could not do by 
power." 

"And thtis was terminated the campaign of 1781, 
in which a fevr sagacious and daring indivi'luals se- 
cured, by their negotiations and management; the 
extensive frontier of Vermorit, which was exposed 
to an army of ten thousand of the enemy." 

Among numerous reports, etc., we find the fol- 
lowing in Vol. II, -'Governor and Council,-' p. 202: 

A Mesmge from the Committee of ilie Lcrjislature io the 

Committee of Convention: 

As no further proposals are to be made by the 
Convention's Committee, at present, the Assembly's 
Ccmmitiee propose the following articles, as really 
neci^'ssary for the peace and well being of this state 
and tne United Sia.tes: 

us 



SO.ME CEI-£BRATED I'APER.-.^ 

Art. 1. Tliat the independence ui The state of 
V'ermout be hekl sacred; and that no member of the 
Legisiaiure shall give his vote or otherwise use en- 
deavors to obtain any act or resolution of Assembly, 
which shall endanger the existence, independence or 
well being of the state, by referring its independence 
to the arbitrament of any power. 

Art. 2. That whenever this state becomes 
united with the American States, or there shall then 
be any disputes between this and either of the United 
iStates, respecting boundary lines, the Legislature of 
this state will then (as they have ever proposed) sub- 
mit to Congress, or such other tribunal as may be 
mutually agreed on, the settlement of any such dis- 
putes. 

By order, Joiln Fassett, 

ChairmmK 

The honoi'.rahle Committee of Conttniiun. 

Wednesday, 11 o- clock, A. M. February 21st, ITSl. 

As we find numerous records of John Fassett, 
Jr., as a member of the Board of War in 1780, 1781 
nnd 17<S2, we see that he was still a prominent worker 
in the interests of Vermont. Although towards the 
last the war was practically over, the troubles with 
New York and with Congress grew and the most 
bitter feelings were engendered. A personal letter 
from General Washington to Governor Chittenden 
had the effect of oil upon troubled waters, and con- 
cessions were made, but it was not until October, 
1790; that the controversies with New York v/ere 
formally closed, and Vermont was soon after ad- 
mitted as one of the United States, the exact date 
being March 4, 1701. 

The following, found in Vol. II, '''Governor and 
Council," p. 127, seems to be one of the famotis papers 
in the history of Vermont: 

Certificate for the Protection of CoL Ira Allen. 
State of Vermont, June, 17S1. 
Wiiereas, Col. Ira Allen has been with a flag to 
[the Province of] Quebec for the purpose of settli'ag 
a cartel for exchange of prisoners, and ha^; used his 

147 



CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jk. (1743-1803). 

besl i>ulicy by ioigiiAiig oi endeavA.'nng to Diake ihcm 
• belies e tiiat the state ot V'eriuont Jiad a desire to ne-. 
goLiaie a treatj oi peace \vitii Great Britaiii — thereby 
to preveat tiie iaimediate iuvasion or iuciirsion upon 
tLe frouners of tid.s .state, as appears by the letter he 
sent to Gen. ilaidimaud dated .^iay 8, 1781, enclos- 
ing a copy of Col. Beverly Itobinsoii's letters to Gen. 
Erhaa Alien and Geii. Allen's letter to Congress, and 
the resolutions ot the Assembly of Vermont, ap- 
probating the same, as also the circular letter to the 
several states delivered to JJundas, according to his 
verbal report, made to us this day: — \\'e are of the 
opinion that the critical circumstances this state is 
in, b -ing out of the union with the United States and 
tixereby unable to make that vigorous defense we 
could wish for — think it to be a necessary political 
iTifir^orrrr to cave the frontiers of this state. 
Jonas Fay, 
Saj-iuel Satfohd, 

SAiiUEi. KOBINSON, 

Joseph Fay, 

TH0:MAS CtllTTENDEN, 

Moses IJobinson, 
TmoTHY BIlo^^'NsoN, 
Joh:n Fassett, [Jr.]. 

It is interesting to notice in the genealogies of 
this book how all of the signers but Cob Timothy 
Brownson, vrere connected by marriage with John 
Fiissett, Jr. Beverly Bobirison, the well-known tory, 
was not connected v.ith tb 
so far as th«- writer knows. 

The proceedings of the Board of War, of which 
Johji j^^assett, Jr., was a member for so long, are 
given in considerable detail in "Governor and Coun- 
cil," Volume Ji, aud are intensely interesting at va- 
riou.-: times. 

To reprodnce >;nch pro!V^^M!in;L:K as the writer has 
found, of all rhe vaii'^us ( oD-miit pe^, Board of War, 
councils, cuui'ts. e^c, of wairh J..*iui I'assett, Jr., was 
a inemb T, wouhl require several e-ood-s-lzed 'v-olumes. 

14S 



CHILDREX OF "CAPTAIN JOHN FASSETT, JK. 
(1743— 1S03.) 

^^ AKAH FASSETT (1TG5 ), daughter of 

Captain John Fassett, Jr. (1743 — 1S03), was 
born at Bennington, Vt., July 10, 1765. She 
married Judge >voah Cliittendeu (1753 — 
1835) oldest son of Governor Thomas Chittenden 
(;i7:.'i)--1797), the first governor of Vermont, during 
v/hose successive administrations for some eighteen 
yef\r^ it seems there had been scarcely any political 
feeling in regard to state poll lies. Govcrncr"Th'^^"p.^ 
Chittenden was to the people of Vermont wh^^i 
Washington was to the people of the United States. 
I'hompson says: "The extreme simplicity which 
characterized the legislative proceedings of Ver- 
mont, duri ag the administration of Governor Chit- 
tenden, left but little room for the intrigues of poli- 
ticians, or for the progress of party and faction." 
Extensive biographical notices of this celebrated 
Vermonter may be found in all the Vermont his- 
tories. 

In regard to Xoah Chittenden, vrho married 
Sarah Fassett, tlie folluwiug is extracted from Ver- 
mont Historical Magazine, ^"ol. I, p. 832: 

"Hon. Xoah Chittenden, oldest son of GoveriiQr 
Tliomas Chittenden, born in 1753, had entered public 
life previous to his coming to Jericho, as we find him 
sherifi: of Addison county in 17S5. He married a 
daughter of John Fassett of Bennington and had tw<i 
children, Thomas, born in 1791, and Hanuah, born 
in 1795, wife of Hon. Truman Galusha. His son 
Thomas, or as he was commonly called, Judge 
Thomas, after his father's death, removed to Ohio, 

149 



CHILDREN OF CA PT. JOHN FASSETT, Jr. 

wLere iiis sou Tboinas Jelierson still resides. Most 
of iiie origiiial titles to laud vv ere lost by slierifi's sale 
for taxes. By tliis means 'Judge .^'ollii•' became the 
owner of aearlj or quite two thousand acres, by far 
tiie most oi.)ulent land iioider in town. He' had 
thereiore a great influence and was much employed 
in public business in town and county. V^e remem- 
ber him well, a hale, stout, vivacious old gentleman. 
He died rather suddenly of apoplexy in 1635.'' 

By reference to '-Governor and Council," Vol. l.l, 
p. 132, Jennings' Bennington and other works, we find 
that Judge -\oah Chittenden was a resident of Cam- 
bridge and afterward of Jeiicho. We also notice of 
Sarah Fassett, his wife, that she was daughter-in-law 
of one governor of Verjnont, Governor Thomas Chit- 
tenden, sister-iii-jjiw of ivnoliieVj Goverrior Arflrtin 
Chiic.;iidci;, and li^Gthcr inlaw of another, GGVcrnor 
Gal us ha. 



Persis Fassett (17G7— 1S49), daughter of Captain 
John Fassett, Jr. (1T13— 1803), was born August 3, 
17G7, at Bennington, Vt. She was married to Martin 
Devrey t oilett (17G5— 1S31) March 9, 1790, by her 
father, at Cambridge. Yt, For record of her married 
life, her children, etc., see chapter on Captain Martin 
Dewey Follett (1765— ItSl) and his chiidreu. 

She was evidently at Bennington and Arling- 
ton during the exciting times of the revolution, in 
which her father acted so prominent a part. Her 
daughter, Mrs. Hanoah Clark, stiil enjoys telling of 
her mother and sounding her praises. She tells the 
domestic events of the vrar of 1812 '»vith a clearness 
that is remarkable for a person over ninety-two years 
cf age. She states that on the Sunday on which the 
battle of riattsburgh was fought, an itinerant Bap- 
tise preacher had made an appointment to hold a 
prenoiiing serxice and immerse a woman at their 
horn- in the afternoon, but her moiher was not par- 
ticuhtriy interested in preachings or immersions 
at a time when the husband and three sons had gone 

15) 



BARAH. PERSIS. 

to the battle, and so she took the rest of the children, 
BetsPY, a?-ed sixteen; Hannah, aged neany eteveu, . 
Kliphkletraged eight; Per.is, aged live, anu James^ 
o-ed three, and went over to Benjamin Foiled :,, to 
find that he too had gone vrith the troops, ihev 
spent the afternoon with Benjamin's wieo an., re- 
turned home in the evening. Mr. James Foliett ,lbU.) 
says that he caiiremember only one event of that ter- 
rible day. He had been pnt to bed m his father-b 
larc^e b^d and heard his father and brothers corae 
intS the house some time after dark, whereupon he 
hpd to get out of the large bed. 

Persis Fassett Follett was well known for her . 
beautiful disposition and wns indeed an affectionate 
and good wife and mother, and her memory was 
T,?ohiy nieri^ihed bv those who survived ner. ix.e 
r*'"^, . . -.- ..t, ^. ,yko remeT»"'bp-rs her well, savs that 
she was aTel^n'ated cook, an accomplishment which 
seems to have been inherited by her daugnters.^ At 
one time she had smallpox, which seemed to ue a 
common disease in early Vermont. 

About the year 1 812 she had all her children bap- 
tized at the same time, the oldest, John, bemg taen 
about twenty-one yeors of age, and James tne 
Youn crest, being an infant. The cliildren of Henry 
Ho^^kins, Sr., were baptized at the same time. 

She was a small woman of much energy and 
force of character, although veiw q^i^^t and mil d in 
her msposHion, and was a great reader and a t.ioT- 
oucrkiT ^'ndPpendent thinker, retaining her own ideas 
on^namv subie^ts, but with it all, was a woman^of 
beautiful, unobtrusive Christian pietv n ^'^'J^];; /^^l^^, 
and home maker. She had a powerful ^^^f^;^:"^ 
quite a bible student, and always sh.owed ^^^^^ f\ 
terest In national and politicnl affairs. T^ hde a 
nnvitan of the strictest kind, she had a manner ihot 
alwav^. interested young people and drew them .o 
her. ■ Her great love for her children, her husband 
and her home, was well known. 

151 



CHILDRPZN OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jr. 

After the death of her hn.sb^md, in 1831. nhe 
"came to Granville, O., with Ivi^r son Eliphalet, who 
had already been in Granvirie oiul had returned to 
Vermont for her. Her daughter Hannah also ac- 
companied her. They came late in the fall, when the 
winds were high and the weather disagreeable, 
trayelliuo from' Buffalo to Cleveland by lake, and 
from Cleveland to Granville in a wagon. B^er dangh- 
ter Hannah held an umbrella in front of her much of 
the way, to slileld her from the wind, as she was 
then in poor health. By some mishap their household 
goods were left in Buffalo, when navigation was 
closed by the ice, on a(X;ount of wliicli they were put 
to great inconvenience until tlie following spring. 
During the remainder of her life she visited ranch 
with those of her children vrho had come We.st, but 
spent mosT or her litue wl'h Iter sua Eilt^hfilct;, at 
whose home, in Johnstown, O., she was most tenderly 
cared for until she died, after a brief illness, August; 
29, 1849. 

The writer recently visited h .. grave in the old 
burying ground at Johnstown. The large niarblc 
slab, in good condition, bears the following inscrip- 
tion : 

PERSIS, 

Vv'ife of 

M. D. FOLLETT. 

Died 

Aug. 29, 1S49. 

AireA 82 Ys. '26 D?-. 

" Blf-^sed arc the dead tcho die in the Lord." 

For the only likeness of her ever taken, a dagucr 
reotype. now in the possession of the writer, we are 
indc4>ted to her daughter, Mrs. Clark, who took' her 
to a photograph gallery in Granville, O., November 8, 
1818, the day before Mrs. Clark's marriage. 



Dr. Joliu Fa^sett flTHO — 1853), son of Captain 
John Fassett, Jr. flTJM— 1803). wa^ born, according 
to one record, Dereiubor 20, and accor ling to another, 
December IT, 1760, at Benningn-u, Vt., and died 
May 2t5, 1853, at Toledo, O. His urst v.ife was Phoebe 
Sayles, who was born July 11, 1775, and died in Jan- 
uary, 1815. 

152 



JOHN. 

Iheir children v-erei 

John L., born February 14, 1794, died August 
14, 1S35. 

Evelin.'i, born Ai?i'il 9, 1 799, died 1S02. 

Duty S., born ilay IS, 1S03, died November 30, 
1S33. 

Eli.siia n., boru Jauuary 26, 1S05, died August 
1, 1860. 

Dr. John Fassett (1769 — 1S33) married for a 
second wife, in 1S20, Martha Thomas, who was born 
March 2, 1703, and died January 22, 3 848, The chil- 
dren born to them were: 

Lorain, born December 2S, 1S22, married C A. 
Crane in November, 1S40, and died June 25, 1812. 

Phoebe, born Jan navy 1. 1S25, died October 10, 

x::iicis, u^iA January 15, 1S27, now livinor [n To- 
ledo, O, CSee notice later.) 

Dr. John Fassett (1769—1853) was a physician, 
practiced in Cambridge, Vt., thirty years, and re- 
moved in 1833 to uhe Manmee river; where Toledo 
was afterward located. In the war of 1812; he was 
sur«reon of a regiment of militia commanded by 
Lieutenant Colonel Dixon. In Vermont Historica] 
Magazine, Vol. L p. 672, we find his name, as surgeon 
in the brioade of militia at Plattsburgh, November 
15, 1813, attached to the celebrated letter to Govern- 
or Martin Chittenden, refusing t<-. obey orders to 
return home. 

In the same magazine, Vol. IT, p. 100, we find 
him among the charter mem.bei-s of the Franklin 
County, Vermont, Medical Society. 

Again in the same raagazine, under Cambridge, 
we find the following, which will give us a glance at 
the times in which he lived, and at his life and his 
friends: 

'•'Cambridge was formerly a favorite sporiing- 
ground, not only for its own people, who were dis- 
posed to enter into such amusemculs, but for others 

153 



CHELDEEN OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jr.. 

residing abroad, who came there to enjoy the sport. 
A section of the toTv'n, lyiug north of the river and 
covering the valiey leading from the center to 
Bakerslield, w:ts a great resort for deer. It was 
watered by minierons springs, covered with low, 
thieiv timber and shrubbery, and formed the water- 
shed between Lamoille and ^lissisqiioi rivers; and 
here the deer congregated to feed in siurjmer and 
herd in winter. November and December were the 
usual months for hunting them, and the sportsmen, 
with their dogs, entered upon the chase with a pe- 
culiar relish. 

"Old Governor Tichenor, on several occasions, 
came up and joined his Bennington friends, Gen. 
Fassett, Dr. Fassett, Judge Willoby and others then 
residing at the Ecro', and had a regular v/cek'S hunt. 
They employed the juiosl expeiL himteis 'm the vi- 
cinity, v.'Jih their hounds, to go on the above men- 
tioned premises, start the deer from their feeding 
places and drive them to the river. 

''The sportsmen, some upon their horses, so as 
to quickly change their position, and others taking 
their posts by the river side, listen and wait for the 
sound of the dogs. An open, swift rapid, near 
Brewster Eock, before noticed, was the usual place 
for the deer to strike the river, in their flight before 
the hounds, when they would plunge into the water 
to elude the chase, and protect tliemselves from pur- 
suit. It was, consequently, at this point, that the 
sportsmen usually took their stand. The sound of the 
hounds always electrified tlie persons staiiding in 
wail, and as it approached nearer and nearer through 
the thick woods, they were ax)on the lookout for the 
game, and were usually successful in securing it. 
Sometimes one, two or three in a day. This fine sport 
always gave occasion for a feast of venison, and the 
flow of the sou], but this mode of sporting has long 
since passed away, and the pastures for vxild deer 
are now converted into pat^^ures for flocks and herd.>," 

1-54 



JOHIS. 

Dr. Jolm Fasselts sou, Elias \lS2'i), luarritrd, May 
7, ?.8rrr, Marj E; Wales, who was born in Toledo, O., 
yU^T 31, lS3i. Tboir fliiklre]i were: 

Mary Alma, born MaFcLi. 22, 1856. who nMirried 
Morris J. Kiggs October 11. 1S93. 

John Ellas, born November 1, 1862, who died In 
infancy. 

Mabel Loraiu, born October 29, 186S, who mar- 
ried C. C. Oswald September 4, 1890. 

The following is extracted from a local history 
of Toledo: 

^'Elias Fassetl, born in Cambridge, Vt, January 
15th, 1827., was the youngest of four sons and three 
daughters. He was live years of age when the family 
removed to Port T.awrence (afterwoids Toledo), O. 
There he remained, assisting in the work of develop- 
iug liic itiim, until his seventeenth year, when he be 
came a merchant. Three years he was thus em- 
ployed, then for six years was engaged in clerical 
work vrith various railroads coming into the city. In 
1SG2 he retired from active business life, giving his 
avtention to farming and dealing in real estate. 
I'hough not active in politics, he, nevertheless, ad- 
heres to the principles of the Democratic party. He 
M as six years a member of the Board of Equalization, 
and twenty years a judge of election. A man of 
broad and liberal views, he has been a promoter of 
enterprise, ever ready to do his full share in matters 
pertaining to public welfare." 

General Elias Fassett (1771-— 1S22), son of Cap- 
tain John Fassett, Jr. (1743—1803^, was born Decem- 
ber 20, 1771, at Bennington, Vt.. and died August 15. 
1822. Tie married, in Bennington, Vt, Sarah Wal- 
bridge, who was born April 10, 1772, at Bennington, 
Vt. She was the daughter of Henry Walbridge 
(born January, 1727, probably at Xorwich, Conn., 
and died September 9, 1S00, at Bennington) and 
Anna Safi'ord (born December 31. 17-0, at Xorwich, 
Conn., and. died December 31, 1S17, at Bennington). 

155 



chti<i)bt:x of CAPT. JOITK FASSETT, Jr. 

Anna Saftord (1730—1817) wa.s the oldest child of 
Deacon Joseph Satford (1705 — 1775) and Ann Bot- 
tom (1710--17S0). See Safiord records. The chil- 
dren of General Elias FnsF'-ott T\-pre therefore de- 
scended froiii Deacon Joseph Snfford through both 
their father and their mother. The children of Henrv 
Walbi'idge (1727—1809) and Anna Safford (1730— 
1S17) were: Solomon, died September 12,. 1814, at St. 
Albaus; Anna; Silas, born 1759; Lncr, born Feb- 
rnarj 10, 17G1; Asa, born October 12, 17G6; Esther, 
born July 14, 17G8; David, horn May 23, 1770, and 
Sarah (v\ife of Colonel Eli as Fassett), born April 10. 
1772. The first three children were born at Norwich, 
Conn., and the other five at Benningtoji, Vt Lucy 
died at Cambridiie, Vt. 

General E!ia^ Fa-r:ctt was old enough during 
Ibe levuiutioii to reiiieiaber luau}' of roe evenrs of 
that exciting- and tryintc period. He seems to have 
inherited his fondness for military affairs. At the 
outbreak of the war of 1812 we find him brigadier 
general of the militia of northwestern Vermont 
How long he may have been connected with the 
militia the vn-iter has no means of knowing at this 
time. In 1813 he resigned his commission in the Ver- 
mont state service and secured a commission ps 
colonel in the regular army, having command of the 
30th-United States Infantry. In Hammersly's Txegu- 
lar Army Kegister, p. 110, we find a roster of this 
regiment, as it stood April 30, 1813. Among tfie 
third lieutenants are the names of Thomas Chitten- 
den and Benjamin Fassett. This Thom.as Chitten- 
den was undoubtedly the one who married General 
Eiias Fassett's daughter Sarah, and the Benjamin 
Fassett mentioned was, without any reasonable 
doubt, the son of Colonel Boujamin Fassett, who was 
brother of Captain John Fassett, Jr. The Vermont 
Historical Magazine, in speaking of tlie military 
enthusiasm of northern Vermont, vdiere recruits 
were raised for the Indian wars, the war with Tripoli 



ELIAS. 

and the regular army and uavy, says: "It was also 
a recniitini^- rTatloii during the war of 1S12, and iu 
1813 the Tliirtietli Regiment of U. S. Infantry, under 
Colonel Elias Fassett, was pjustered and drilled here, 
preparatory to joining the army for actual service." 

Jennings gives tlie following extract from Hiram 
Uarwood's Diary of 1S12: "'Monday, June 7, 1813.— 
Many of us went dov>'n to where Col. Fassett's regi- 
ment took its departure for Burlington, which they 
did in a brilliant manner.'' 

The children of General Elias Fassett were as 
follows: 

First— Henry (Dr. Harry) Fassett (1791—1872), 
son of General Elias Fasf^ett (1771 — 1822), was born 
May 17, 1791, at Cambridge, Vt., and died May 19, 
1.S72. ai San Francisco, Cal. He married , February 
20, 1821!, Clarissa Peck, who wtic. born J.'>r>narv 26, 
1803, at Halifax, Xova Scotia, and died July 7, 1890, 
at Ban Francisco, Cal. She was the daughter of 
Benjamin Peck and Mary Hardinge (Peck), of Nova 
Scotia. Dr. Harry Fassett (1794—1872) was one of 
the pioneer physicians of Ohio, and was well known 
as an exceptionally skilled practitioner. He wa>s 
much sought after from a large territory about 
Johnstown. His ten children were all born in Johu-^- 
town, as follows: 

Elias Peck, born January 11. 1823. died October 
13, 1817, at Johnstown. 

Ann, born July 31, 1821, marrird Parker Ger- 
main at Johnstown February 20, 1845, living in Cali- 
fornia. 

Jane, born Januorv 7, 1827, mnrried Nichola'^ 
D.'ilton at Granville, Ai-ril 23, 1861, died about 1880. 
fit Davis City, Iowa. 

Xoah Chittenden, l)orn Tune 27, 1829, married 
Hattie Bottsford at San Francisco, and died April 
12, 1891. at San Francisco. Was one of the very 
wealthy men of California, having emigrated there 
during the times of the gold discoveries, 

^157 



CHILDREN OF CAPT. JOKN FAf^SETT, .Ik. 

Harris Hardingc, born rebriiary 22, 1832, re- 
movofl to Ca]ii'orn?a and liax enjoyed a sut-cessful 
c'dvepi' there. Was twice married and now iive;> in 
San- Francisco. 

Sarah, born January 31, 1833, married \V, A. 
Castle at Granville May -i, 1854, and is now living at 
Alexandria, Licking County, O. 

John, born April 80, 1S3S, and died a soldier, un- 
married, Augn?t 17, 1SC3, in a hospital at Centralia, 
III. 

Mary, born June 3, 1840, married Norm an 
Adams at Granville March 10, 1864, and died April 
2, 18S5, at Davis City, Iowa, 

Harry Walbridp;e, born Dtu'ernber 21, 1842, and 
died, nnmarried, Jnne tl, 1874, io California. 

Vv'illle, born May 22, 1849, and is now livins,-. un- 
married, m California. 

Second — Sarah Fassett fl79o ), daiio-hter 

of General Elias Fassett (1771 — 1822), married Judge 
Thomas Chittenden, who was son of Jnd;2e Noah 

Chittenden and Sarah Fassett (17Go — ), see 

record of Sarah Fassett (1765 ), danshtcr of 

Captain John Fassett, Jr. (1743 — 1803). Their son 
Thomas Jefierson Chittenden was living at Lincoln, 
Neb., some years ago. 

Third — Elia« Fassett (1798 ), son of Gen- 
eral Elias Fassett, married Jerusb:?. ISInnson, of New- 
arkj O. He was actively and extensively engaged in 
mercantile and industrial enterprises in and abont 
Granville, and later removed to New York City, 
where he becam.e a snccessful operator on Wall 
street, in J 856, 1857 and 1858 he was president of 
the Central Ohio T\ailroad, nov*- a part of the Balti- 
more and Ohio system. He retired to his farm of 
07er a thousand acres of iine land near Granville, O., 
where ho had erected a handsome residence. He had 
tvvo daughters, one of whom, Sarah, died yonng, the 

158 



ELIAS. OTHEP. CHlLDItEIs. 

otlif?r, Amacda, morrylug Fronk DuyiJevv, a mn of 
Judge Dunievy, wlio was one of the besi: known 
law vers 12 soutliweBtcrn Ohio. Thecliildren of Amanda 
Faysett and Frank Duulevv are: 

Kate (Mrs. McCaii].ley),^of Kew York Citv. 

Ella (Mrs. Millbauk), of New York City/ 

Frank, of Denrerj Colo. 

Eiia.s, of Denver; Coio. 

The other childi-en of Ca}.)tain John Fassett, Jr. 
(1748 — 1803), of whom we have no other records at 
hand, were; 

Susanna, born May 22, 1776. 

Joseph, born September 10, 177S. Known as 
Captain Joseph Fassett. lie removed to Granville 
in the earlv davs and operated a large farm just east 
of Granville. 

Challis, born UfMober 13, i7ol. 

Hannah, born December 8, 1785. 
Suoanna, born March 29, 1788. Known ao "Aunt 
Sukie." ^Married first a Mr. Hawley, and next a Mr. 
Green, with whora she removed to Granville to spend 
her old age. 

169 




THE EARLY SAFFORDS. 



HE geDealogieai part of Jenniiiga' Benning- 
ton is compiJed largely from a little vol- 
ume (now a very rare book) "Genealogical 
History of the Families of Robinsons, Saf- 
fcrds, Harvroods and Clarks, by Sarah Eobiusou,'" 
published at Benningcon 1837. After a long search 
in places vvhere rare genealogies, etc., are to l.o ob 
tallied, and among very dij^tant relatives in Nevv 
Englaiid whose addrecsyes by some mysterious pro- 
ccn.~ ^■r.iT.c int." Vi-- wr-it'-T's posr^ession. a copy of this 
valuable work was vei-y kindly loaned by Mi-s. IjI. M. 
Kirkman, of Evanston, HI. It contains also ihe 
genealogy of the Deacon John Fassett family and 
the Follett family down almost to the date of piibli- 
catioi.. Under the heading of "A Record of the Fam- 
ily 0? {Safiords*-' the foilovring apx>ears: 
Joseph Saff-iu), 
(of England). 
"1 g. Joseph iSa fiord, vrith his family, w^re 
born in England, where he died, (No other record of 
his fijmily given.) 

Joseph Safkokd, 
(Immigrant), 

2 g. Joseph Safford came from England to 
Plvn\onth, Ms.; he removed his family to Norwich, 
Ct! in 1723. 

3 g. The cliildren of Joseph and Abigail Saf- 
ford were born at Ipsv;ieh Ms. Joseph (b. 170.5), Abi- 
gail, John, ^arah, (d. Norwich, Ct.), Solomon." 

Inasmuch as Mrs. Robinson's book is not a 
record of the ancestors in any sense, but is devoted 

160 



TWO MSTI>;CT FAMlLOv^. 

exclusively to the descendants of the faiuiiies 
named, it is possible, in fact probable, tbat tUe an- 
cestry of Deacon Joseph Stihord v^as not niuch 
looked into, and as the other Safford records show 
a Joseph yv jio r-oukl Iiave been his father, the vvriter 
is some limes inclined to believe that onr aoetistor, 
Joseph U705 — 1775), was descended from the same 
immigrant Salt'ords as some of the other Saffords of 
this couurry, esiDccially as a very peculiar coinci- 
derice wil' be observed, viz., that our ancestor 
Joseph';- liinae. date and place of birth, the family 
names i]i the same generation and in the generation 
earlier and that later, would all indicate a blood re- 
lationship between the two Josephs, both born 1705 
at Ipswich. On the other hand General William 
Farrar Snilth, a descendant of our ancestor Joseph. 
(17C5- 17'.' i3) wrif^s in regard to an ancestor of Hoti, 
i^jfreu vjjLt-^;xv.j Safferd: "Afy rrnndmother, v*'ho 
claimed cousins to the fourth degree, never claimed 
Mr. SafCord as kin, I think." 

However this may be, the ancestry of the other 
Saffords may be intei-esting to some in this connec- 
tion, as there is a possibility that they were an- 
cestors of our ancestor Joseph (1705 — 1775). 



Thoimas S.u^^ford. 
(Imiuigrant.) 
A family record, loaned by Judge William Saf- 
ford, of Chiilicothe, O.. says of him: "The immi- 
grant ancestor. Eecords have been found of one 
Thomas Safford being a passenger on a vessel arriv- 
ing at some port in Massachusetts in 1630 — believed 
to be ti?e same. The records of Ipswich, Mass., show 
he resided there in 1011, and he seems to have re- 
mained there until his deati-, as his name appears 
from time to time in the town records. He married 
one Elizfibeth (family name urtknown). He died 
February 20, 1807, and she died March 4, 1*171, both 
at lpsv,'ich (old spelling Ipswitcli). There were born 
to tills couple six cbi]dren, as follows: 

101 



TPfE EARLY SAFF0RD3. 

JosepJi, born 1G31. 

Johiij born 1633. ■ . 

Elizabeth. 

Mary. 

Abigail. 

ivillam (daiigliter)." 

The X. E. Hist, and Gt-n. Kegistei", Vol. I.l, p. 21 G, 
mention^; a Joseph Saii'ord at Ipswitch, made free- 
Hian 11 October, "lGS2, and Vol. ^MII, p. 50, a Joseph 
Safford, aged 59 in 1G92. Possibly both item« refer 
to Joseph, son of Thomas the inimigrant, althougli 
there is a difrerence in date of birth. 

Hon. Alfred Greeley Safford, of VVashingiou, 
D. C, attorney for the Inter-State Commerce Com- 
mission, has very kindly fnrnished the writer with 
the records of liis ancestry, from vv^bich the folio wing 

''Thomas and John Salford were living at jp- 
swich in 1G30. One or both of them came over in the 
'Fortune' in 1629. At first 1 supposed that Thomas 
Safford was the original ancestor in this country, 
but Lie'it, W. E. Saii'ord (U. S. Navy) who made a 
more eairi'rd tavestigarion than I was able to do, 
told me li'.at John was the original ancestor. 

^'Callirig these the first and second generations, 
the (.bird vvas John, Jr., who lived and died at Ir)- 
swich. Of his family I knovv-^ nothing except that he 
was the father of Joseph Safford, who was born at 
Ipswich, where he lived to an advanced age. He 
should ;not be confounded with another Joseph Saf- 
ford, who was the ancestor of Col. Samuel Safford of 
the Green MountaiD Boys, and who participated in 
the battle of Bennington. Samuel Safford's 
brother, .Joseph, was the grandfather of Gen. Wm. 
F. Smith.'' 

HoL. .Mfred Greeley Safford (b. 1844) is de- 
scerded from the other Joseph Safford, through 
Chains !lT3'l— 1771), Challis (1771—1843) and Chaliis 
Fay (1803-1894). 

162 



B01H FAMIIAEB AT JPSWICIL 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, Vol. I^", p. 4, 
mentions "Thomas, at Ipswich ICil, died lb;i7, 
leaving vrJdviw, son Joseph, born probably 1G33, and 
three daughter's.''' Also, ''Joseph at Ipswicli made 
freeman 10S2.'- Also "'Joseph at Newtown, I^. 1., 
1655." In the Annals of XewtowJi, N. Y., p. 38, a 
Joseph Saftord is found in 1655. Savage gives *'sTohn 
SatXord at Ip;swicli J.bG5, perhaps brother, x^^'^haps 
son of Thomas/' The Saiford family record of Judge 
William hafr'ord seero.s to straighten the line through 
these random notes of Savage. 

American Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 19G, states that 
Thomas Siiiford owned land at Ipswich prior to April 
G, IGU, and gives the names and dates of birth of 
clriUlrtn almost the same as the records of Judge 
William Safford. 



(Born 1G33.) 

American Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 196, gives his 
record as follows: "Of Ipswich, Mass., born 1633, 
married Sarah S. and had seven children: 

Sarah, July 11, IGOl, died July 21, 1712. 

Margaret, February 2S, ICGG. 

iK^becca, August 30, 1GG7. 

Mary, February 26, 1GG9. 

Elizabeth, Febjaiary 27, 1671. 

Thomas, October 16, 1672. 

Joseph, I>rarch 12, 1G75." 

The records of Judge William Safford agree 
with above exactly, excepting tvN'o trifling errors in 
day of month, and contain in addition, the epitaph 
of Sarah: 

"Head and consider, stand in AW (awe) 
Do not sin, keep God's law." 



Joseph Safford. 
(Born March 12, 1675.) 
The v.TJter formerly had the Safford line run- 
ning through Thomas (b. 1672), as American An- 

163 



THE EARLY SAF FORDS. 

oe&lry gires the cliildron. of Thomas, among vrhoiv 
appears Joseph (born lTOi-5), and Jennings .say;^. p. 
227, of Deacon .Joseph jSail'ord: "He was born hi 
1705 at Ipswich, Mass." The natural suppusition 
would De that lie was tlie same Joseph as the one 
mentioned in American Ancestry, but the records 
of J udge Williaiij SalToid show his ancestor, Josepli 
tiafiord, tu be son of Thomas, and to have been born 
March, 17U4 or 5, but to have married iiary Chase at 
Xevrbury in 1728, and to liave died at an advanced 
age at Hardvrick, Mass. One solution of the problem 
of t\\ o Josephs both born the same year and place 
might be that Deacon Joseph Sa'nord (1705 — 1775) 
was the son of Joseph (brother of Thomas) and cousin 
of the other tToseph. 

Judge Stafford's record shov.s his ancestor Clial- 
iis (born 1733^ a sou o^' Joseph, to have married for 
ijLis sccv/iivA v^ iic j-jy^iia »v ariiv-x. (daugj-LcCr \^j. \^Zxi. 
Jonathan \Yarner, of Hardwick), who, after the 
death of Challis, married for a second husband Dr. 
Jonas Fay, of Bennington, Yt. Jennings, page 225, 
mentions Sarah, the daughter of Deacon John Fas- 
sett, Sr., r-s the wife of Dr. Jonas Fay. This v,-ould 
seem to be another coniliction of authority, but 
records furnished by Mr. B. ]>. Hopkins, of St 
Albans, Vt., show that Sarah (the date of v/hose 
death is not at hand) was the first wife and widow 
Lydia Warner Satford the second wife of Dr. Jonas 
Fay. 



Deacon Joseph Sai'^ford. 
(1705—1775.) 
Deacon Joseph Safford, born 1705 at Ipswich, 
Mass., died June 25, 1775 (see Mrs. Robinson, p. 35, 
and Jennings, p. 43) at Bennington. 

The foliovving information is derived from Jen- 
nings' Benningto!; : lie came to Bennington in 1761. 
His is the second name appearing on the records of 
the first church of P.ennington (Deacon Fassett's 
name being first), the record reading as follows: 
'*To receive in Joseph Satl'ord and Anne Saiford his 
164 



DEAC0J5 JOSEPH S AFFORD ( 1 705-1 VVo',, 

wife into full commuLuou with this chiirch." He was 
made deacon at the first electiou on record. "His 
wife was Ann Bottoin, of Norwich, Conn., born in 
1710." Several Bottoms^ from Norwich served in the 
American armies during the revolution. (See '"Con- 
necticut in the Kevoluilon.") Ann Bottom Saft'ord 
died at Bennington November 28, 1780. The name 
may have been a corruption of ''Botham/- as ''^Ivobert 
Botham, of Ipswich, 1(552," is found iu Savai;'e's Gen. 
Die. of N. E. VoL I, p. 217. 

At the first tovv'n meeting (held at the house 
of Deacon John Fassect) he Vvas appointed town 
treasurer, and one of the tithing men. March 31, 
17C2, it was voted to give him and Samuel Bobinsou 
five acres of land and forty dollars for erecting a 
corn-mill and forty dollars for erecting a saw-milL 

The Vormont Historical Magazine, VoL I, p. 
166, oc^, ^, ... ..^jjiil-:"'''^' of the Saffords; "'I hey were 
all worthy men, and lived and died respected oy ail. 
The blood of Deacon Joseph Saft'ord has llovred in the 
veins of a large number of descendants and has 
mingled with that of many other, families. It was 
of good quality, and the mixture will not be found 
deteriorated by it." 

r^'^^nnings says: ^'Deacon Safford brought with 
him to tJiis town the records of the 2\ewint (Conn.) 
Separate Church. These are still preserved by his 
descendants; and also a manuscript letter from the 
old church in Newiut, signed by Daniel Kirliland, its 
pastor, to Joseph Safford and others, Separates, w^ith 
a view to some further conference on the matters of 
difference between the separating brethren and the 
old church. These records are interesting, as con- 
taining the records of Joseph Safford's formal elec- 
tion and installation to the office of deacon in the 
Separatf^ Church; also their confession of faith, and 
covenant, with the signatures; also an important 
case of discipline, spread out ar length, shovving 
their strictness and success in maintaining disci- 
pline in the church." 

166 




CniLDKEN OF DEACON JOSEPH SAFFORD. 

(1705—1775.) 

HE cUua for the genealogy of Deacon Safford's 
children is extracled. from Mrs. Robinson's 
Genealogy, and the historical matter froDJ 
Jennings' Bennington where not otherwise 
mentioned. 

Fir&t— Anna Safford (1730—1817) daughter of 
Deacon Jo.seph Safford (1705 — 1775), married Henrj 
Vs'albridge (1727 — 1809), vrhose name appears on 
r.^iic! r-.f rv--T->f. warrnie! Kobinson^s companT iu battle 
cf Bennington'^. Their children were: 
Solomon. 
Anna. 
Bilas, 17r.9. 
Lucy, 1761. 
Asa^, 17GG. 
Esther, 1768. 
David, 1770. 

Sarah. 1772 (married Colonel EMas Fassett; see 
Fassett records). 



Second.— Elizabeth Safford (17B5--1S15), daugh- 
ter of Deacon Joseph Safl'ord (1705 — 1775), married 
Cornel in L^ duly (1730— 1S09). Their children were: 

Waiter, 1*702. 

Amasa, 1705. 

Jose, 1767. 

Cyrus, 17G9. 

Sybil, 1772. 

Sullivan, 1775. 

Lucy, 177S. 

- One Henry Valbridge ^^as killed in battle of Bsnuizigton. Ke was brothet 
of Col. Eb-nezer. 

P'jssibl> It was he, and not Henn,' (1727-1R09I wha was in Capt. Ro-^xtisen'* 
coiiiudiiy Solomon -s^as m same company, .see also page 126, this boot. 

166 



ANNA. ELIZABETH. SAMUEL. 

Third.— General Samuel Saffoid (1737—1813), 
ir'ou of Deacon Josepl] Safford (1705 — 1775), was born 
April 11., 1787. He was a very prominent man, active 
\a tie land title controversy with Xew York, repre- 
sentative in several conventions for defense against 
Yorkers, also in convention for i'orming the state. 
Was second sergeant of Captain John Fassett's mili- 
tary company in 1701, major of Warner's first regi- 
ment, and Avitliout any doubt major of WavLier's 
second regiment (the records of the latter being lost), 
of Green Mountain Boys. Yv'as lieutenant colonel of 
Warner's Continental regiment, dating from July 5, 
1776. (See ITammei'sly's Eegular Army Register, 
p, 33, and any Vermont history.) Was also brigadier 
general of militia, taking command of a brigade 
April 11, 1781, a conuuand declined by Ethan Alien 
vGuvtTAiiOx xiali's HiMLOiv Vermont, p. 325). At the 
battle of Bennington, Colonel Warner being with 
General Stark, assisting him during the entire en- 
gagement, he commanded his regiment, which, com- 
ing on the field just at the right time, fought vrith 
such fur}' as to break the Hessian reinforcement, 
enabling the American forces to drive the British 
from the bloody field. He was in a number of 
batiles. Was town representative 1781-2, state 
councillor for nineteen years, beginning 1783; chief 
judge of Bennington County court for twenty-six 
years, ending 1807. Was also a member, w'ith Fas- 
sett and others, of the committee haviag the famous 
Haldimand uei^otintions in charge. He believed in 
the t-arly Puritan Sabbath, which began at sunset 
P^aturday night. He married Mary Lav/reuce (1711 
--lo21), slaughter of Jonathan Lawrence. Their 
children were: 

Samuel, 1761, vrho was in Captain Samuel Rob- 
inson's company in the battle of Bennington. 

]Mary, 1763 (who married Xathau Fay, son of 
John Fay, who was killed at the battle of Benning- 
ton). 

lohn, 1765. 

167 



CHILDREX OF DEACOr> JOSEPH SaFFORD. 

Ruth, 1768. 
Anna, 1771. 
Clara, 17T4. " 
Electa, 177r>. 
Amelia, 1780. • 
Jonas. 



Abigail ^'aiIord (1710 — 1S06), daughter of 
Deaccm Joseph .^afford (1705 — 1775], married Jod- 
athan Scott (1735 — 1784), Their children were: 

Lemuel. 17G1. 

Sarah, i7GC>. , - ; / 

Martin, 176S. 

Levi, 1770. 

Melatiah, 1772. 

>r\]lJLlrt, 17 J V». 

ADigail. j<Vh. 
Ira, 1782. 



Colouei Joseph Safford (1742— ISO?) son of 
Deacon Joseph SalTord (1705 — 1775), was private in 
Captaii! John Fassett's military company, 1764, and 
lieutenant in Warner's iirst and prubabiy captain in 
Warner's second regiment of Green Mountain Boys, 
lie was lioutenant in Warner's Continental Line 
regiment September 16, 1770 (see Kammersly's 
Regular Army Register, p. 33), and later captain of 
militia. In October, 17S1, he commanded a com- 
pany, in vv-hich Martin Dewey Follett (1765 — 1831) 
served eleven days, according to a certificate of the 
AdiutanL General of Yermont, in an alarm to Castle- 
ton. In 1784 he commanded one of three companies 
under cordmand of Ethan Allen in driving Yorkers 
out of Yermont into Massachusetts. (History of 
Eastern Yermont, p. 519.) Jennings and Governor 
Hall both give him the title of Colonel, probablv ac- 
quired late in the revolution in the militia. His 
came appears in a list of colonels of the revolution 
in Yeriiionfc Hisjoru-al Magazine. Yol. IT, d. 3S1^. 
Governor Hall mentions him as colonel in 1705. He 

168 



ABIGAIL. JOSEPH. 

married Marcv Robinson (174S — iS14), daughter of 
Captain Snmnel Eobinson, Sr. (1705 — 1TG7). [See 
KobJDSon records.] Colonel Joseph Safford's chil- 
dren v/ere: 

Marcy, born January 4, 17G9. 

Sarah, 1770. , , 

Junia, 1773. 

Anna, 1T81. 

Joseph, 1783. 

Luey, , ,:: i; 

Esther. 

Marcy married Eldad Butler, born at Stock- 
bridge, Mass., 1764, son of Silas Butler, Their chil- 
dren vrere: 

Eldad Spencer, 1789. 

Joseph B^fford. 1791. 

oaxcx., Je.i.i:uiy 11, ±'93. 
*Ann, 1795. 

Benjamin Fay, 1798. 

Juliet, 1800. ' 

Sarah (1793) married Ashbel Smith at St. Al 
bans, Vt. and their children were: 

Gardner G] eiiory. 

Harriet Adelia. 

Baskell Gilbert. 

Sarah Ann. 

William Farrar, 

Edward Ashbel. 

(yo dates of this family are given in Mrs. Rob- 
inson's (Tenealoiry.) 

AViUiam Farrar Smith entered ^lilitary Ac:^- 
dcmy .>t ^\'est Point 1841, commissioned Brevet 
Second Fieutoitant of TopogTa^jhical Engineers 1845, 
Second Lieutenant 1849, First Lieutenant 1853, Cap- 
tain 1859, Major of Engineers 1863. Was succes- 

-' General Sinitb ^rrites : ' ''My aunt Ann m.irried a Fassevt. I do not know 
if he was of your unuily. Kt vvas a reg-'.ilai covf.nant'n- and used to flog aie 
daily in school.'' 

Tl'tre v.-e-e •-.'J-er t .'-. -setti \n Ver:u.,i)t not connected witli the de?ceEdant.s 
of C:i'_>t.J :^r' : .' -t-tf:. r.r. T'^-; wri't-r iia; no iiiea-u> oS' .-i- .:ert?.iTiina- ju'-t wbo 
the /■usoj'.Tid rtj' Ann l;iitler vva-i. i^-^ ;t:.;_.- M:-?. Ro'Di:i>c-t'i's Geue.ilogy uny be 
in error in reE;n;'d. to t'ne i\nna (Satlordi meiitioticct on pag'e 271 this book, as 
iK^-riyiag Jonaih.-i.Ti, son of Capt. Jonathan Fassett 



C'l^TLDEEN OF DEACON JOSEPH SAFFORD. 

sivelv bievetlGfl Lioiitei)uiit Colonel 1862, Colunei 
1862,' Brigadier General 1865, Major General 1S65, in 
regular army, for "gallant and meritorious serrice in 
battle.-' ALso in volunteer forces be was Brigadier 
General 1861, Major General 1862. (See Hainmerely's 
Regular Array Register, pp, 101, 232, 771, 772). His 
dashing exploit in opening a line of supplies to the 
army in Chattanooga won for him the following 
from General Grant, in a communication to the stc- 
retary of war, dated November 12, 1S63: "He is 
possessed of one of the clearest military heads in the 
army; is very practical and industrious; no man 
in the service is better qualified than he is for our 
largest commands." (Official Kecord, Vol. 56, j). 
122.) He is knov/n in the histories of the civil war 
as General "Raldy" Smith. 

Ti-ic Ver^iCiit riiitorlcal Mf^pyit"^^ t'oI tt i-» 
443, mentions at length General William F. Smith 
as born at St. Albans, February 17, 1824. Was 
fourth in his class at West Point. AYas on surveys 
of Lake Superior region, the PJo Grande in Texas, 
the military road to California and the Mexican 
boundarv commission survev. 



Colonel David Safford (1744—1831), son of 
Deacon Joseph Safford (1703 — 1775), was born Feb- 
ruary 19, 1714. He was a private in Cnptain John 
Fas?'ett\s military company in 1764, and in Captain 
Samuel Rnbiiis>>-i's com])any in battle of Bennington. 
He married Ainci Brewster at Bennington and made 
his residen<-'e at Cambridge, Vt. Is given the title 
of colonel in Governor Hall's History, p. 137. His 
children vrere: 

Faiby, 1774. 

Joseph, 1775. 

David Bre^^'ster, 1777. 

Erick, 1773. 

Anna, 17S0. 

Orson, 1783. 

Submit (1785— 1>^07). 

170 



DAVID. HANNAH. 

Alvin (1787—1701). 

Jacobanr! SolouiOD, twins, 1780, died 1812 and 
1791. 

LrdJa, 1792. 

Gel, 1794. ■ 

(One of the childreD, Anna, married Jonathan 
Fassett, son of Cax)taiu Jonathan (1745 — 1S25). 

Hannah Safford (1746— ISIO), daughter of 
Deacon Joseph SaiTord (1705—1775), was born 
March 2, 174G, and died April 19, 1810. She married 
Captain John Fassett, Jr. (1743 — 1S03). See Fassett 
records. 

Mrs, Hannah Chirk, who was nearly seven years 
of age at the time of the death of her grandmother, 
Hannah S^^^Vord Fassett, tells of her experience with 
ittn iiUii^v C..^ ^j-.oIjV'--^). ^he had tea in the house 
and wlien they wanted to brev/ it the only way they 
dared to do it was to put some one on watch to give 
the alarm in case any one approached the house, as it 
would not do for their friends to know that they 
drank e^en their ov,-n tea. Mrs. Clark tells also of 
how her mother, Persis Fassett Follett (1767—1849), 
wonld tell of the trying experiences of her mother, 
Hannah Safford Fassett (1746—1810), during the 
revolution. The times then were full of excitement 
and sometimes fear, especially when her father. 
Captain John Fassett, Jr. (1743 — 1803), was away 
from home. For a time news would be brought in 
every few days of some battle or Indian massacre, 
and excitement would run high. They would fear 
for the safety of those in the army and for their own 
safety and the security of their homes and posses- 
sions. By no means the least of their troubles was 
the making of clothes for the men folks in the army 
and tlio taking care of the crops and attending to 
the other farm work, in the absence of the men. 

Hannah Salford Fassett (1746- ISIO) had small- 
pox, probably at one of the times when that disease 
was very prevalent. After the death of hev hi"s«band 
ni 



CHILDREN OF DEACON JOSEPH SAFFORI). 

in 1803, she made her home with her son Joseph Pas- 
seit, svlio ako lived at Cambridge, Vt., where she 
died acd was buried. 



Lijcy Safford (171S —- ), daughter of Deacon 

Josepli Safford (1705--1775), married Samuol Mon- 
tague (1745—1825), :ion of Samuel Montague, who 
died at Bennington. Their children were: 

Lucy, 17(>5. 

Dariu:^, 1767'. 

Anna, 1769. 

Elizabeth, 1772. 

Barauel. 

Salinda. 

Joseph. 

sjoio-p-jon. 1785. 

Chalis, 1788. 



Esther Baft'ord (1750 ), daughter of Deacon 

Joseph Sahord (1705—1775), married (as second wife) 
Colonel vSamuel Robinson (1738—1813), and was 
mother of ten (only) of his children, viz.: 

Hannah (January 10, 1770— July 31, 1831), who 
married Captain Charles Follett (1767—1814) 
[brother of Captain Martin Dewey Follett]. 

Esther, 1771 (Mrs. Hyde). 

Samuel, 1771. 

Benjamin, 1776. 

Polly, 1778. 

Betsey, 1781 (Mrs. Sears, mother of Hon. Ben- 
jamin II. Sears). 

Safford, 1784. 

Hiram, 1786. 

Lucy, 1780 CMrs. l^fontague). 

Sarah, 175^1 Qfrs. Haswell). 

Colonel Ixobioson I L73S — 1813), was brother to 
Marcy (1718—1811), wife of Colonel Joseph Safford. 
The entire roll of Captaiu faft^-r^^'a^d Colonel) Samuel 
KoV. insole's company as it was in tlie battle of Ben- 
ninpron is preserved and is slven in Jennings' Hi^- 

172 



LUCY. ESTHER. JACOB. SOLOMON. 

torv, pp. 201-202. The f ollov/iug names out of 6G, may 
be interesting to note : Heurj TValbridge, Daniel Fay 
iiifcr), T.eonar«J Eobinson, Samuel Salford, Jr., John 
Fax, Elijah Fay, Josepli Fay, Bilas Piobinsou (brother 
of the captain), Solomon VVaibridge, Jehiel Smith, 
Fh-ineas Vrright, John Smith, David SatTord, Elisha 
Smith, Solomon Safford, Simeon Sears, David l^jb- 
inson, Joseph Safford. (The writer cannot place this 
Joseph. He was not a member of the family of 
Chaliis SafiT.rd.) , 



Jacob Sa fiord (1752—1823), son of Deacon 
Joseph Saft'ord (1705 — 1775), was orderly sergeant, 
ensign and lieutenant in Warner's regiment, and 
was in battle of Bennington. Is found in Vermont 
Historical Maga'^Jne, p 15.S, as stating (in Journals 
ot Congress) chni ho wa^ a lieu-^e^'i'ft iv. Warner's 
regiment and marched under command of his 
brother from Mancliester to Bennington. He ap- 
pears as an ensign in Warner's C(mtinental regi- 
ment, commi>:.sioned August IS, 1778, resigned De- 
cember IS, 1779. (See liarjmersly's Regular Army 
Register, p. B3.) He married Persis Robinson (1759 
— 1S27), daughter of Colonel Samuel Robinson (1738) 
by his lirst wife, Hannah Clark. Xo children are 
mentioned by ^Irs. Robinson. He also married 
Elizabeth Thurstin in 1728. 

Solomon SalTord (1755 — 1S37), was in Captain 
Samuel Robinson's company in battle of Benning- 
ton. Is mentioned in Vermont Historical Magazine 
as being left in charge of some baggage at one time 
during the battle. He married Mrs. Submit Tupper 
(1754 -), daughter of- Mr. Brewer of Concord- 
Mass. Xo children menti(.»ned by Mrs. Robinson. 

173 



THE HOrKIXSES. 

Df.ta f'lrtiislied by Mr. Benjamiii Deuiing Kopkir?, of St. Albans, Vt. as the 
writer has no Hopkins b]ocd iu liia veins,; ueithfris V.s i'lH-rcecded irc-n\ ihe 
Rohinsor.s or Fays, but these f;in:<ili-rft are brict/y mentioned on accouii; oJ' !he 
nuMSions iijterrjiarriages betw-eei, ih>.tt:t &ud th'; faiiulies previously noticed. 

I^-OHX HOPKINS settled m Cambridge, Mass., 

-v^sfW arid inoved io Hartfoi'd, ('oriD., in 1636. His 
^1 children were: 
(^--^ Stepheri.^ . -J '^,7 

:■- Bertha. l\ji-lvI--<>-. ; "^ .-.:--, 
« <,. l-c... ^^ '- U-t^'^ : 

Stephen HopMns, son of John Hopkins, married 
Dorcas Bronson, daughter of John Bronson, of Farro- 
ington, Conn, He died October, 1G80, and his w'ldiAv 
May 10, 1C97. Their children were: 

John. 

Stephen. 
- Ebenezer. 

Joseph. 

Dorcas. 

Mary. 



•i 

1669- He married V.uvy Butler at Wetherslield, 
Conn., January 21, 1601. ' Their children were: 

Ebenezer, baptized November 19, 1693 (died 
yorng). 

Jonathan, baptized June 28. 1696. 

Ebenezer, baptized June 25, 1700. 

Mary, baptized January 30, 1705. 

Stephen, baptized at Hartford, Conn., Auji^ust 
17, 1707, and setiled in Waterbnry, Conn. 

I.saac, bapiized November 28, 170S. 

Sarah, baptized June 25, 1710, 

"John Hopkins ht'.d land at Hartford, Februarv, lo-V). Cv'.:a. Ki=t. Coll. u. 49. 
174 



STEPHEN HOPKINS (1707-1 7H7). 

Stephen Hopkins ilTOT — ITIIT), son. of Ebenezer 

Hopkins (1669 — • -),n).aiTie(i Jemima Bronson 

JaUj^hier of Johii- Bronson, February 20, 1720, ?.iid 
moved to Harwiuter/Coiiii., in IToS, Tiieir cbiidreii 
were: 

Xeah, bom January 2G, 1730. Xoah was ap- 
pointed lieutenant in tbe (ith Duchess County (N. Y.) 
militia, October 17, 1775. 

Eoswell, born May IS, 1733, Ivo&well was lieu- 
tenant colonel of John Clinton's regiment of conti- 
nental troops, orj^aiiized April 12, 1770, and saw 
much active service. He was for many years Secre- 
tary Oi State for Vernront, and died at Charlotte. Yt., 
in the 97th year of his age. 

Michael, born March 9, 1735. Michael was 
elected town clerk of Amenia Apiil, 1762, and held 
ihe ouice til] his death in 1773, when his brother 
Kosweu succeeded hiiH. 

Weight, born October 9, 1738, at Harwlnter, 
Conn. See notice later. 

Stephen ( ), who married I*hoda Dewey 

(1746 — ), daughter of Martin Dewey (1716— 

1763). Many of their descendants lived in S wanton, 
Yt, about 1S25. Ue died in Otsego County, N. Y. 

Benjamin ( ). Benjamin was adjutant 

of Colonel Seth Warner's regiment. He married 
Jerusha Kudd, vcho, with several of her children, 
settled in Fairfax, Yt. He was killed by Indians at 
Bloody Brook, near Fort Edward, X. Y., in 1780. 

Ileuben, born June 1, 174S. Keuben was adju- 
tant of a regiment of X'ew York troops during the 
revolution and a brigadier general in the war of 
3312. He died at Edwardsville, III, in 1819. 

Captain Stephen Hopkins. ,(11^0 1*" — 1767) appears 
to have moved from Harwlnter, Conn., about 1742, 
and settled at Nine Partners' (now Amenia), X. Y., 
where, according to the records of the town and 
church, he becanie a prominent and useful man. 
Upon a subscription for the building of a meeting- 
house, dated Nine Partners, February 0, 175S, his 
name appear^:; hrst for the sum of £20. The names of 



THE HOPKIXSES. 

hi.::; lour eldest sous are alio ou the paper lor smallev 
sums. Jedediah Dewey subscribed £10 for tliis meet- 
ing-liouse- The site for the meetiiig-uoase and laud 
for a burying grouud were giveu by Captain Stephen 
ilopkius (ITUT — 1767). He died at -Cine rartuei-.s. 
N. Y., February 8, 17G7. His widow died at Beuuing- 
ton October 22, 1792, aged 6G years. Her grave, with 
o>;hers of our ancestors, is teuderly eared for by the 
good peojjle of Bennington. 

Their .son>s, except Michael and Eeuben, emi- 
j^rated to Vermont before the revolutionary war, and 
ail except Michael, who died before the war, and 
Stephen, who was an invalid, held commissions in 
the Continental armv. 



:!Hajor Weight Hopkins; (173S— 1770), son of Capt. 
Str.phrn Hophins (1707 — 17GT), married Mindw< li, 
daughter of lie v. Jedediah Devv-ey, and moved to Ben- 
nington abouL 17G(>. He owned and carried on a farm 
in the east part of the tov>'n until July -1, 1775, when 
lie was elected sixth captain of a battalion of seven 
companies, of which Ethan Alien was lieutenant 
colonel and yer.h Warner major. On the 27th of July, 
the same year when Allen vras dropped by the Ver- 
mont convention held at Dorset, and Warner was 
placed in command, liophins was pushed forward 
to be first captain. (John Fassett, Jr., was his iirst 
lieutenant. Bee Diary). 

On the 5th of July, 1776, Congress resohed 
*'That a regiment be raised out of the ohicers who 
served in < \in;;da and tiiat the follovving named per- 
sons be appointed otticers. Seth Warner, colonel; 
Samuel Salford, lieutenant colonel; ElJsha Painter, 
major. Of the cax>tains the hrst named was Weight 
Hopkins. Captain Hopkins served in Canada and 
was with Warner at the capture of St. John's and 
Montreal in 1775, and in the disastrous retreat later 
on, in 1776. 

According to family traditions be was n<.'t in th'.* 
Bennington battle August 16, 1777, it being sup- 
i7a 



MAJOR WEIGHT HOPKINS. 

posed that he v^'as oti detached service, as probably 
aboiit half uf Warner's regiment was at that time, 

yiv. B. D, Hopkins t^Lates, in a hotter oi" recent 
(Late: "My great-grandfather, Weight Hopkins, was 
killed by Indians and tOiies on Diamond Island, Lake 
George, July 15, 1779. I had a long search for the 
date before I found it. At last 1 si rack a Lake 
George historian, Ives'. E. F. DaCosta, of Xew York, 
who had copied the oiiicial (British) report from 
revolutionary records in the British museum at Lon- 
don. Besides the date, other particulars are given. 
Before I found the Bev. B. F. Da Costa, I of course 
wrote the Pension Department. The best informa- 
tion I received from there vras the affidavit of Martin 
D. Foliett, made in 1S20, as follows: 'Major Weight 
Hopkins was killed some time in the summer of 1779, 
I believe.' Mnjnr Hopkins was with a detachment 
01 v> anici' o i^^liiitiil .^tatloiK'^ p-*- "f^ort Gonro-e. with 
Lieutenant Colonel Saiford in command. Hopkins 
and party were out on a pleasure excursion and were 
surprised by the Indians and tory scouts. Some 
women and children were v/ith the p^'^'^y, who were 
killed and scalped." 

The children of Alajor Weight Hopkins were: 

Mindwell ( ). 

Deadauna ( ). 

Lovisa ( ). 

Henry (born 17G9— died 1847). 



Henry Hopkins (17G9 — lS-17), son of Major 
Weighi Hopkins, married, January 27, 17S9, Sarah, 
daughter of Dr. Jonas Fay by his first wife, Sarah 
Fassett (who was daughter of Captain John Fassett, 
Sr. [1720 — 1794], see Fassett records). Their chil- 
dren were: 

Wait (1790—18(31), a soldier of the war of 1812. 

Fav (1792— 1S79). 

Auretta (1793—1829). 

Lovisa (1795—1872). 

Henry, Jr. (1797— 1S52), a volunteer at Platts- 
burgh in 1814. 

177 



THE HOPKIXSES. 

HemaiJ (1800—1892). 
Sarah (1802— 1S04). 
Jonas Fay (ISOl— 1S73). 
JededuiL Dewey (180S-— 1S90). 
n(^nry Hopkins died 1S4T and Ms v-.ife 1S20 at 
Eiio.sburgh, Yt. 

Hc-nry Hopkins, Jr. (ITOT — 1852), sod of Henry 
Hopkins (1709—1817), married Lois Biaisdell (1708 
—1891) February 5, 1821, at Cambridge, Yt. Their 
children vrere: 

Mary Ann (born December 14, 1821), 

Herman fborn April 24, 1823, died January 2, 
1892). 

Silas (born July 31 , 1 825). 

Daniel (born March 23, 1827). 

Henrv (born Jnoe 15, 1S32, died March 21 , 1880). 

Benjamin Doming (oorn Octooer 16, 1854). 

Emerette (born February 5, 1837), 

Stephen De\vey (born January 16, 1840). 

178 



THE ROBIXSONS. 



/^f^AMUEL KOBIXSOX (1GG8— 1730) was, ac- 
W^"^ cording to ^trs. Ifobinson's Genealogy, 
^s^^ '"Bori} at Bristol, England, IGGS. He emi- 
grated to Cambridge, Mass., and died there 
1730. Cambridge was the birthplace of all his chii- 
dren." Jennlng.^' Bennington, which devotes many 
pages to the Bobinsons, says: -'It is said that the 
elder Samuel Bobinson is supposed to have been a 
distant connection of the Bey> John Bobinson, of 
Lc^; _'■: !r f-'^* on tn.at side of the vrater to the Pil- 
grims of the Mayj^ower)." 



Samuel Bobinson (1705 — 1767), son of Samnei 
Bobinson (KIGS — 1730), was born in 1705, married 
Marcy Leonard (1713 — 1795), of Sonthbury, Mass. 
She died June 5, 1795, at Bennington, Jennings 
says of him: "He was the acknowledged leader in 
the band of pioneers in the settlement of the town 
(Bennington), and continued to exercise almost a 
controlling authority in the affairs of the town the 
remainder of his life. * * * He was captain of a 
company in Colonel Buggies' regiment of provin- 
cials, and served as such on the frontier in 1755-, 
175G. He Wiis at the head of his company in the 
battle of Lake George, when the French were de- 
feated by Generals Johnson and Lyman. He wa:? 
deacon in the old church and afterward in the 
Separate church in Hardwick. * * * Many facts 
attest his ability that he conceived, organized and 
set on foot the settlement of this part of the country; 
that he v/as so prompt and resolute to resist the 
claims of Xew York oihcials to the lands of this ter- 
ritory. It is related, when the surveyors came from 
Xew York upon his lands, he cut their chain in two 

179 



Ti]E K0BINS02>S. 

v'iih his hop, but \:hcn iliej desisted from their at- 
tempt, he invited themintohis houseand treated tbeiii 
ill tha iDO.st hospitable manner; that he was deputed 
to I :Ondo7i as represeuiative of the settlers here, in 
ihe Britis/i court, and enabled, as such, to gain the 
ear of His Majesty, and secure t^vo very important 
and signiiicant orders irom the crown in favor of the 
settlers, and against the government of the Province 
of Xew York,-' He sailed from. New York for Eng- 
land, as agent for the settlers of tlie Hampshire 
Grants, December 25, 3 7G6, and landed at Falmouth 
•lanuar} 30th, 1767. While in the discharge of his 
duties in London he took the" smallpox and died in 
Octotber, 17G7. He was the first magistrate in Ver- 
mont, Of his wife Jennings says, quoting a letter 
from one of her descendants, "She vras accustomed 
to take o:ie of her sonvS v.ith her, and ride to Albririy 
vii iLiKji.ax:u<xK.xi, transact business, make her purcha^Cti 
and return," "When living in their log house, while 
her husband was still living, but in England, 
and her children, David, Jonathan and Anna were 
with her, the wolves came up at night and tried at 
the doors and v*indows to obtain entrance. She 
knocked upon the door to frighten them from the 
immediate proximity, then seized firebrands from 
the lire, opened the door and Vv'uved them and 
shouted v>ith all her strength. The wolves tied away 
and were no more seen or heard by her,'' >She was a 
pious woman and much revered in the Bennington 
church. 

The children of Captain Satuuel liobinson, Sr. 
^ITOo — 17()7) were: 

First. — Leonard Robinson, son of Samuel Rob 
ius<m (1705 — 1767), born July 27, 1730, died Septem- 
ber 29, 1S27. Had sixteen children. ^Vas first ser- 
geant of Captain John Fassett's company in 1764. 
Was in his brother Samttel's company in battle of 
Bennington. "His aim," says Jennings, "was quick 
and deadly, and he declared that every time he shot 
he sav.' a man fall, ^bu.t,' said he, 'I prayed the Lord to 
have merey on his soul.' " 



CHILDRE^' OF CAPT. SAMrEI, ROBINSON, Bk. 

Second. — Colonel Samuel HoblusoD (1738 — 
1813), son of Samuel .Robiuson (1705 — 1767), boru 
August 15, 17Soj died }^Iay 3, 1813. Married Hannah 
Clark for lirst wife, and for second wife Esther Saf- 

forl (1750- ), daughter of Deacon tloseph 

Saflord 'J-705 — 1775). See Sali'ord record. Was an 
active man in the eaj'ly affairs of the toAYu, Com- 
manded a comj3anv of militia in battle of Benning- 
ton; rose to be a colonel. ' V\'as overseer of tory 
prisoners, representative in 1770 and 1780, and mem- 
ber of Board of War for three years. Was justice of 
the peace and judge of Special Court, and one of the 
eight persons in the secret of the llaldimand aifair; 
a man of great courage, kindness and generosity. 



Thiid. — Governor Moses Kobinson (1741 — 1S13), 
sou of Samuel Kobinson (1705 — 1707), born March 2G, 
iiil, uied -Ji^y ? •; 1S13. " M.amed Mary Fay pT13— 
lcS01)j daughter of Stephen Pay (1713 — ilbi; fur jlioL 
wife, by whojn he had six sons and one daughter. 
His second wife w^as Susannah Howe. Of hi.s chil- 
dren were: Captain Moses Bobinson, Jr., who was a 
nembtr of Council in 1S14, rep]-esentative, etc., and 
■\7ho married Ruth, daughter of Captain Elijah 
Devrey; 2>lajor Aaron l^obinson, who was tov\-n 
clerk tieven years, justice of tlie peace twenty-three 
years,- judge, cburch clerk, etc., and who married 
Sarah, daughter of Major Weight ilopkiu^'; "Nathan, 
father of Governor John Staniford Bobinson (gov- 
ernor of Yermont 1S53). Goverjior Moses Bobinson 
was town clerk nineteen years, coU)nel of a regimenr 
of militia at ]\rount Independence, member of Coun- 
cil of Safety 1777, chief justice of Supreme Court of 
Yermont ai its formation, and for ten years agent 
for Yermont in Continental Congress, United Stales 
Senator and Governor of Yermont. He was deacon 
in the cLureh, very pious and the wealihiest man in 
Bennington. Thompoou's (!■. azt'ttecr of Yermont 
says that he ''was the hrst colonel of militia in the 
state, and with his regiment, was often in active ser- 
vice during the war." 

181 



THE ROBI^'SOXS. 

Fourth. — Paul Eobinson (1743 — 175-1)5 t^on of 
Samuel Kobiuson (1705 — 17G7), boi'n October, 1743, 
aiid died 1751. 



Fifrju— Silas Kobinaoii (1710™ ), Bon of 

Samuel Kobinson (1705 — 17G7), born April, 1716, 
died at St. AlbaiiK, Married Susannah Weeks (1750 

— j, j^iis gon Paul married Anna, daughter of 

General Samuel Sallord (1737 — 1S13). Was private 
in Captain John Fassett's company in 1761, and in 
his brother's company in battle of Bennington. 



Sixth. — Marcy Kobiuson (171S — ISll), daughter 
of Samuel Eobinson (1705 — 1767), vras born October, 
171S, and died at Benniugton May 7, 3S11. Married 
Colonel Joseph Sall'urd il712--1807). See SaiXord 



Seventh. — Sarah Bobinson (1751 ), daugh- 
ter of Samuel Eobinson (1705 — 1767), was born No- 
vember, 1751, and married Benjamin Fay (1750 — 
17S6), son of Stephen Fay (1713 — 1781). Their chil- 
cren were: Samuel (married Buth, daughter of 
Colonel Benjamin Fassett), Moses, Benjamin, Joseph, 
Ezra, Sara;i, ("hariotte. 

Eighth. — General David Eobinson (1751 — 1813), 
son of Samuel Eobinson (1705 — 1767), was born No- 
vember 22, 1751, and died December' 12, 1813. Mar- 
ried Sarah Fay (1757 — ISOl), daughter of Stephen 
Fay (1713 — 1781). Children were: Sarah, David, 
Euth, Stephen, Hiram, Hiram (2d), Heman, of whom 
tliose who lived became prominent persons. V\"as 
private in his brother's company in battle of Ben- 
nington. Eose by regular promotion to rank of 
ntajor general of militia, which he resigned in 1817. 
^Vaa sheriff twenty-two years and United States 
Marshal eight years. A man of great courage. In 
the winter of 1776-7 he, with a man named Deming 
and several others whom he }>ersuaded to aceorrii)any 
him, travelled two hundred miles in the snov»', to a 
place where a compiiny of w omen and children >>"ere 

182 



rHILJ5S"!^K OF CAPT. SAMUEL EOBIXSON, Sk. 

left defeDselesvS, and conveTed them to a plane of 
RfiJety on the Conueeti cut river and returned to Ben- 
nington. Toward the elo.se of his life his mind 
w?alenf(i. 



Kinth, — Judge Jonathan Kobinson (1756 — 1819), 
son of Samuel Kobinson (1705 — 17G7), was born Au- 
gust 11, 1750, and died November 3, 1819. He mar- 
ried },lo.vj Fassert fl751 — 1822), daughter of Deacon 
John Fassetv (1720 — 1T;)4). Their 'children were: 
Jonathan Edwards, Marj, JJenrv aiid Isaac Tich- 
enor, ail prominent people, Denry being at one time 
a paymaster in the U. S. Army. Was a lawyer, town 
clerk six years, representative thirteen years, chief 
judge of Supreme Court six years, United States 
senator ciglvt years, probate judge four years. Was 
very juuch averse to aristocratic pretensions, a^ul 
was fond of wrestlins;. Jennings says of him: "When 
a senator in Congress, he came home on one occasion, 
and Sunday morning as the family were prepared for 
church, his daughter Polly, afterv\-ards Mrs. Merrill, 
came into the room dressed handsomely in silk; he 
noticed the dress at once, and mnde inquiry about it; 
his daughter ansv.-ered his inquiries, relating that 
her raotiKT had purchased it of a peddler, calling his 
attention to its excellent quality, and seeking his 
approval of it as a good barszain. 'I do not care about 
that,' raid he, 'go take it off, and put on your calico 
dress, or you shall not go to meeting with m.e; when 
your mates have sill: dresses to wear, then you may 
wear one.' Her mother, who was more aristocratic- 
ally inclined, had bought the dress when he was 
absent at Washington." Jennings says also that he 
always gave the boys money with v^•hich to buy 
powder on July 4-th and August Ifith, the tvro days 
for fireworks. 



Tenth. — Anna "Robinson fl759 ), daughter- 

of Samuel Tlolunsou (1705 — 17GT), was born O'-tobev 
2, 1750. Married Isaac Webster (1755 — 1827), son of 
Joseph Webstej* (173:^—1795). They had ten chil- 
dren. 

1.S3 



3 



THE FAYS. 

(B\ Mr. lienjami- De.n-.iu'g Hopkins, ol' &l. Albans, Vt.) 

OH^^ FAY (3 (US— 1690)* married Mary Brig- 
Lam, and for a second wife, widow Susana 
Morse. He died December 5, 1G90. Hi,s 
chiidren, born in MarlborOj Mass., were: 

John, iNovember 30, inC9. 

David, October 15, 1671. 

Samuel, October 11. 1673. 

Mcii--, F-' ---iv 10, 1675- 

David, April 23, 1077. 

Greshom, October 19, 16S1. 

Rutli, July G, 1681. 

Deliverance, February 20, 16S6. 



J«.hn Fay (1C(>9-— 1 747), son of Joim Fay ( 

1690), married Elizabeth Wellington. He died Jan- 
uary 5, 1747. His children, born in Westboro, Mass., 
were : 

Bathsheba, January 1, 1693. 

Eunice, June 2, 1696. 

l\fr:y, September 29, 1698. 

Joliii, December 5, 1700. 

Lydia, 1702. 

Dina, September .5, 1705. 

Jame^, December 27, 1707. 

:Mehitabel, 1710. 

Benjamin, Auu'ust 5, 1712. 

Stephen, May 5, 1715. 



Stephen Fav (1715 ), son of John Fay 

(1669—1747), married Ruth Child, March, 1734. Chil- 

^' 'i'h'! Spooner Gereales:^-. vy. -:-o--, •=--,■•-; "Th^^ t--v- '^^^re of F.ench o'-icrin- 
Dut:-.\,' cht- persjcxition of fa; 'irv./'ra?:,^. thev Red to ^^•ales, atul irom Wales 

i-he v,^- '■' ■ .>r'hp An!.:-\ -.it; ;>\t:''^-c?nie to tli^' colcp:e',. ' T-.b;i T :; v . t^.i^-i-^C'V 
arr;.: : :■ ;;,:•--- :-::. c n t nc ' Sye-ri veil. ' " Hii vife >' irv, r:i:>'hcr of 

■c:ri ,' ^ Tro-.r.is Bi-trham. Jo!::: ic'-.q-::^: "!"-'-.1 -"oir vri'i^'ipaJ 

181 



LANDLORD STEPHEN FAY. 

dren born to them were: 

John, December 23, 1734. . . , , 

Jonas, January 28, 1737. . . ' 

Stephen, Febiuarv 19, 1789. 

Kuth, May 12, 1711.. . . 

Mary, October IG, 1713. 

Beuiah, January 29, 174('.. • 

Elijah, March 5, 171S. 

Benjamin, Noyember 22, 1750, 

Jor>eph, September 11, 1752. . 

Dayid, December 3, 1761. 

Tbe birth of the first foiir named aboye is re- 
corded in M'estboro, Mass., and all except the hast, 
Dayid, are recorded in Hardwieh, Mass. 

In regard to Stephen Fay and his chiklren, the 
fclloy.'inci- notice* nvp oxtracted from Jennings' "Ben- 

Among the early settlers, Stephen Fay (son of 
John Fay^'and Elizabeth V.llmington), yrho came 
to Bennington in 1760, occupied a prominent posi- 
tion as landlord of the Green Monntain Honse, after- 
ward Catamonnt Tayern, as father of an influential 
family; and as exhibitino: a spontaneous instance of 
moral sublimity in connection ^yith the death of his 
son John in Bennington battle, he has yon for his 
name a briiiht place in the history of the to-\vn. He 
sent fiye of his sons (John, Elijah, Benjamin, Joseph 
and Dayid) to the bloody rescue of his country on that 
eycntful day. Ore of them \yas shot throusrh the 
head and died instantly. The followino- is the ac- 
count in a Conner ticut newsT>aper of Xoyember, 1777, 
three monvbs after the battle, by an "eye-yvitness": 
"A good old p:entleman yrhn had fiye sons in the field 
at the celebrated action of Benninsjton, Ausfust 16, 
1777, whose furrowed cheeks and siiyered locks 
added yenerableness to his hoary brows, beins: told 
that he was unfortunate in one of bis sons, replied. 
'What, has he misbehayed? Did he desert his p^st? 
Or run from thp chnrsre?' 'No, sir.' said the i'^'- 
formant, 'worse than that> he is anions the slain; he 
fell contendiniT mi2:htily in the cause.' 'Then T am 



THE FAY8. 

satisfied/ replied the ■^eiierablo sire, 'bring hiiu in. 
and lay liim bo^re me, that at leisure I may beltoici 
p.Dd survey tlie darling of my soul'; upou which the 
corpse wa>^ brought and biid before him, all be- 
smeared with dirt and gore. He then called for a 
bowl of water and a napkin, and with his own hands 
washed the gore from his son's corpse, and wiped his 
gaping wounds with a complacency, as he himself 
expu-essed it, which before he had never felt or ex- 
perienced." 

John Fay was forty-three years of age at the 
time of his death. He k^ft a widow and children, 
and many of his descendants are now living in the 
northern part of this stale. Of the circuni'stanees 
of his death the following have been related. He 
warj fighting behind a tree. His last vrords, as he 
tiiiseu hit* iiiat^ivei i.u file (>rii:e iiiuic ai the enemy, 
were, "I feel that I am fighting in a good cause." 
And as his eye ran along the barrel, taking aim, his 
head just exposed from behind the tree, a ball struck 
him in the very center of his forehead, and he fell 
v/ith his gun undischarged. Quick as lightning ran 
the cry over the ranks of his tovv'nsmen, "John Fay 
is shot!" Maddened to fury they sprang from be- 
hind the trees, fired their guns in the very faces of the 
foe, and, clubbing the breeches, leaped over the 
breastwork with an impulse of onset nothing mortal 
could resist. 

Mary, daughter of SteT>hen Fay, and first wife 
of Governor Closes Eobinson, and mother of his chil- 
dren, united with this church May IG, 1TG5. 

Benjamin Fay, son of Stephen Fay, Vv-as the first 
sheriff in the county and state. He was born No- 
vember 22, 1750. He was sheriff from March 26, 
177S, until October, 1781, and died in 1786. He mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Samuel Robinson, Sr. She 
united with the church at thirteen and a half years 
of age. After the death of her first husband she mar- 
ried General Hemnn Swift, of Cornwall. Coan. 

Colonel Joseph Fav, son of Stephen Fay, was 
born at Hardwick abont 1752. and came to "Benninu- 
ton. a member of his fathers familv, in 1776. He 

IS6 




•Ill]-: CATAMDINT 1 AVKRX, KEXNIM'.ToV 



- / ^S' 



I\R. JONAS FAY. 

was feecTGiary to the Coiiucil oi Safetj, and of the 
.^tatc Council, from l^'eptember, 1777, to 17Si, and 
;=eci\?tary of the state from 1778 to 17S1. He was the 
associate of Ira Allen in condnctinf]^' the famous ne- 
<Ti:otiation with General Haldimand. He mari-i^^d 
Margaret, daufditer of the Eey. Mr. Dewey, 

Jud?e Dnvid Fay, the youngest son of Stephen 
Fay, married Mary Stanniford, daughter of John 
Stanniford, Wir.dham, Conn. 



Dr. Jonas Fay (1787 ), son of Stephen Fay 

11715 ), married Sarah Fassett, daughter of 

Captain John Fassett, Sr. (1720—1794), May 1, 1760, 
riU'I for a second wife widow Lydia Safford (see Saf- 
ford records), November 20, 1777. Children born by 
f>r-»i wife were: 

Josiah. Mav x, 17oi. 

Ruth, May^2, 1763. 

Folly, January 12. 1765. 

Sarnh, March 2S, 1767." 

Cballis, September 12. 176S, died aged i months. 

Sul-.CT, October 2, 17G9. 

Challis, 3[ai'ch 13, 1772. 

Childror! by second wife were: 

Tvrin sois neman Allen and Ethan Allen and 
Lydia. 

It is likely that the five youngest children were 
l»orn in BcnuJngton, as Dr. Fay appears to have left 
Hardwick, Mass., in 17^18. In "Connecticut in the 
TievoluiloB," p. 32,, Ave find that Dr. Jonas Fay re- 
ceived pay from Connecticut for medicine and serv- 
ices from May 3, to June 25. 1775, in the Ticonderogo 
Enterprise. I^Jrs. Hannah Clark remembers that Dr. 
Jonas Fay visited at the house of her father, Captain 
?J. D. Follctr, in EnosburQli, when she was young. 
ITer re' oiTection of him is indistinct, but she savs he 
was quite a r^olished old gentleman, and she thinks 
he wrote the family records in her father's family 
b!l>le, now in possession of Hon. M. D. Follett /'l'^2G), 
of Marietta, O. 

Josiah was a physicio n and priicticed his calling 
in Benninu'ton. It has been impossible to learn that 



thp: fays. 

he maiTied or wlien or where he died. 

"Ruth niarried Colonel Alex Brush and settled in 
Vergenjie?, Vt. 

Poli> married Cildad Iliibbell aud settled in 
Cambridge, N't 

Sarah married Ilenry Hopkins — who was a 
grandson of Jiev. Jedediah Dewey — and settled in 
Enosburgh, ^^t. She died in 1S20. Her Jiusbaud died 
in 1S4T. 

Sukey married John Fay and lived in Burling- 
ton, Vr. 

Heman Allen was educated at West Point and 
became a major in the U. S. army: His complete 
milivary record may be found in Hamrnersly's Army 
Kegisier, p. 43-i, and in an early West Point Reg- 
ister, p. 57. 

Eihaj. Aaeii kc'it hotel in Oharlc't'^ ^^^ ^^^^'^■ 
died at Qneensburg (Fort Ann), N. Y. 

Lydi'i, the youngest of Dr. Fay's children mar- 
ried Uriah Edgerton. 

Jennings says of Jonas Fay : Dr. Jonas Fay was 
the second child of Stephen Fay. He was born at 
Hardwick, Mass., January 1.3, 1737. He ^vas a man 
of great versatility, boldness and determination, and 
of acknowledged ability aud skill as draugfhtsman 
and composer of public documents. 

(It Avill be observed that the date given by 
Jennings in the foregoing paragraph does not agree 
with the family recor<is.)' 

His public career commenced at an early age, 
v/hile the family still resided in Hardwick. In 1756, 
being then nineteen years of age, he was clerk to the 
military company of Captain Samuel Robinson, Sr., 
in the campaign of the French war at 1^'ort Edward 
and Lake George. 

He was twenty-nine years of age when he came to 
Bennington, and at once took a prominent position 
am.ong the leading actors Avho came upon the stage in 
that eventful period of the history of the town and 
state and nation; and it is difficult to tell in which of 
these relations, if not in all equally, his services were 
the most important. 

In 1772. when Governor Ti-yon invited the peo- 
190 



Dli. JO^'AS FAY. 

pie of Beuninj^tou to send agents to Xew York to in- 
form him of the grounds of their comphiint, he, with 
his father, was appointed for that purpose. He was 
clerk to the convention of settlers that met in 1774, 
and resolved to defend by force Allen, Warner an<! 
others v^'ho were threatened with outlawry and death 
by the New York Assembly, and as such clerk certi- 
fied their proceedings for publication. He served as 
sv rgeon in the expedition under Allen at the capture 
of Ticonderoga. He was continued iu that position 
by the ^Massachusetts committtee ^^■ho were sent to 
the lake in July, 1775, and also appointed by them to 
muster troops as they arrived, for the defence of that 
post. He vv^as also surgeon for a time to Colonel 
Warner's regiment. 

In January, 177G, he was clerk to the convention 
u;. 1?,^,'_' ''' -f" petitioned Congress to be aliov/ed to 
serve in the common cause of the country as inhabit- 
ants of the yew Hampshire Grants, and not under 
Xew York, and al-o of that held at the same place in 
July following. He was a member of the convention 
which met at Westminster in January, 1777, and 
declared Vermont to be an independent state, and 
was appointed chairman of a committee to draw up 
a declaration and petition announcing the fact and 
their reasons for it, to ConsTess, of which declara- 
tion and petition he was the draughtsman and au- 
thor. He was secretary to the convention that 
formed the constitution of the state, in July, 1777, 
and was one of the Council of Safety, then appointed 
to administer the affairs of the state until the As- 
sembly, provided for by the constitution, should 
meet; v>-as a member of the State Council for sevf'n 
years, from 1778: a judge of the Supreme Court in 
1782: judge of probate from 1782 to 1787, and im' 
attended the Continental Congress at Philadelphia 
as the aa'ent of tiie state under appointments made 
in Januarv, 1777, Octolier, 1770, June. 1781 and Feb- 
ruary, 1782. 

Dr. Jonas Fay's daughter, Sarah, married Henry 
Hopkins, oidv son of Major Wait Hopkins, and 
grand-^^on of the Rev. 31 r. Dewey. These had a son. 
Deacon Fay Hopkins, of Oberlin, O. 

191 



II' Mil 





192 




EARLY BENNINGTON. 



ENNINGS says: "Capttiin Saiouei Kobinson 
(1705 — 1767), retuTTiiDg to his home in 
Massachusetts from one of the campaigns of 
the Coutineiital Army in t]ie Frencir war, 
jnistalviug his route, passed, by accident, this way, 
and, impressed by the attractiveness of the country, 
resolved to obtain others to join him and come up 
and settle here." Twenty-tAvo persons, including 
women and children of the families of Peter and 
Eleazer Harwoou and Samuel and Timothy Pratt, 
from Amherst, Mass., and Leonard and Samuel Rob- 
inson, Jr,, from Hardwick, Mass., reached the place 
June 18, 17G1. Other families, including those of 
Samuel Robinson, Sr., and John Fassett, from Hard- 
wick, Mass., Joseph Safiord, John Smith, John Burn- 
ham and Benajah Rood, from Newint, Conn., Elisha 
Field and Sarauel Montague, from Sunderland, 
]\lass., James Breckenridge, Ebenezer Wood, Samuel 
and Oliver Scott, Joseph Wickvvire and Samuel At- 
wood, came during the summer and fall. They 
brought the seed for sowing the land and provisions 
for subsistence until crops could be grown, upon 
horses. ''The first year of the settlement must have 
been one of much privation and hardship; the tene- 
raents, huts with logs for wails, and bark and brush 
for the roof. » *^ * The season, however, appears 
to have been uncommonly mild; tiie sorting in of 
v»' inter providentially postponed to an unusually late 
period.'-" These statements are corroborated by sev- 
eral other historians of Vermont in somewhat the 
sam.e language. 



EAR L Y BEN NINGTO^" . 

The lii'st propiietoi's- meeting was held at the 
house, or rather the tavern, of John Fassett, fc^r. 
Samuel J^jbinson was luoderator and John Fassett, 
fc^r.. clerk. 

At this meeting the rollowing was the hrat trans- 
action : ''Chose Deacon Joseph Satford, Esq., Samuel 
Kobinson, John Fassett, Ebenezer Wood, Elisha 
Field, John Burnham, and Abraham iNewton, a com- 
mittee to look out a place to set the meeting-house." 
The site for the meeting-house was evidently selected 
first and other public improvements adjusted to it. 
The widened road north of the meeting-house plot- 
was designated "The Parade." The precise date of 
building it is not known, but it was occupied by ITGO, 
and used until the close of the century, when it was 
replaced by a new one. Jennings' History, being out 
of r-h't, T\of obtainable by the reader of to-day, is 
here quoted word for word: "The size of this meet- 
ing-house was fifty by forty, with the addition of a 
porch twenty feet square. There was no steeple. 
The porch extended upward to the roof, and in the 
upper story a school vras kept for some years. * * *• 
There were galleries on three sides of the house, 
square pews, ornamented with little railings, in tlie 
pface of a top panel, the balusters of which vrould be 
occasionuJly loose so as to turn round in their places 
and furnish a little diversion for 11; tless young wor- 
shippers. There was a sounding board over the pul- 
pit, three doors for entrance and exit — one through 
the porch on the east side toward the burying ground 
and opposite the pulpit which was in the middle 
of the west side, and two other doors op- 
posite each other, on the north and south sides 
respectively. Tlie building lengthwise stood north 
and south, with the roof sloping to the east and vrest; 
there was a main aisle through the center from the 
pulpit to the porch, ruiming east and v/est, and aisles 
from the north and south'(end) doers, going round 
and so arranged as to leave a tier of wail pews all 
round the house, and tw^o tiers of square pevrs on 

194 



THE FIRST ^JEETINC; HOUSE. 

each side the main aisle in tiie body of the house. In 
the front seat of the gallery opposite and on either 
side of the pr.lpit, f^at the singers (led for so man}' 
years by Jobn Fassett, Sr.) That there was not al- 
\vajs due order in the house in time of worship ap- 
pears from an entry in the tovrn records, March 20, 
1777,: 'Voted, that such pe-^'sons as do continue play- 
ing in the meeting on tlie Lord's day, or in the wor- 
ship. of God, be complained of to the Committee of 
Safety for said town, w"ho are hereby authorized to 
Bne them discretionary." 

"In this meeting-house proprietors' meetings 
were continually held, also town meetings; even after 
the erection of the court-house, town meetings were 
held occasionally here. In this iirst meeting-house 
the people met to worship God aud give thanks after 
the taking of Ticonderoga, when that redoubtable 
fortress obeyed the summons of Eth-Tn A lieu to "Sur- 
render in the name of Jehovah and the Continental 
Congress.'"* Colonel Allen, being a resident of Ben- 
nington and having returned with other officers to 
be present at the services, this circumstance gave 
peculiar interest to the occasion. From the pulpit 
under that sounding board, the TJev. Mr. Dewey 
preached a war sermon the Sunday preceding the 
Bennington battle. To this meeting-house the Hes- 
sians and others, prisoners captured in that battle, 
were brought for safe custodj'. It was as they were 
marching in solemn sadness hither, and while they 
were all passing the Catamount Tavern near by, that 
"Landlord Fay" (father of Dr. Jonas Fay) stepped 
out and with a gracious bow informed the prisoners 

^'Mr. Artbar Harris Smythe, of the Ohio Society Sons of the Americau Rev- 
olution, is a kireat-grandso'n of Israel Harris, a scl'dier who was directly in rear 
of Ethan Allen at this critical moment. He declared most emphra-L-riUy that 
the language Tvhich the old inndel hero used was of a very different nature 
from that which has been ascribed to him, being more chai-acteristic of Allen, 
viz: "Get out of vour bole, vou d d old skunk." 

Possibly Israel Harris referred to some remarks Allen may have made when he 
was endeavoring to get Captain De la Place out of bed oa that eventful 
morning. 

195 



EARLY BENNINGTON. 

liiat the dianer ^,vas Ihen ready, v/bicli their officers, 
conlideDt of gaining tlie victory, had haiigiitily 
ordered by a message sent, in the day before. In the 
same meeting-house the first Legislature of V^ermout 
hehl its June session, 177S. (John Fassett, Sr., and 
John Fassett, Jr., were both members). The General 
Assembly of 1779, also that of 17S0, and in some in- 
stances successive legislatures met here. On the 
journal of the General Assembly of 1778, under date 
of June 5, is the following record: ^-Voted that the 
Jley. Mr. Dewey be pi'esented with the compliments of 
this house to desire him to pray with the assembly 
at their opening in the morning for this present ses- 
sion.' " 

"Captain Samuel l»obinson, Sr., and James Fay 
were, or had been, deacons of the llardwick church. 
,\ooov(}\r>crfo tradition John. Fassett (Sr.) was, or h;id 
been, deacon, probably of the Hardwick church. 
Joseph Sall'ord (Sr.), who came here in the summer 
or fall of 1701, had been deacon of a church in >'ew- 
int, Conn." The following appeared on the records 
of the first business meeting of the church: "Chose 
bretl'ren Joseph Saiiord, Elisha Field and John Fas- 
sett as help to examine into persons' principles who 
offer to join themselves unto this church, and also 
to provide preaching.'^ 

Jennings, his book being really a history of the 
church, of which he was pastor for many years, de- 
scribes at great length why the first settlers of Ben- 
nigton had come to be Separates. There had been 
various differences in the old churches in Massachu- 
setts and Connecticut, and as a result the faction 
withdrawing became knovrn as Separates. Some 
had even been excommunicated. Jennings says of 
Deacon John Fassett: "Be was a staunch Separate, 
in principle and feeling, through life." Separatism 
seems to have had much to do with the emigration to 
Bennington. 

But, in regard to the civil affairs of the first 
settlers of Bennington, v\'e find this reservation in 
ice 



LAND TITLE CONTROVERSY. 

their cliiuter (see Vermont Historic;! 1 Magazine, Vol. 
1, p. 145): ''Aii tile wliite and other piue trees lit for 
masting our Eoyal >.'avy.'- This same reservation 
appears in the charcers of a number of other town^;, 
iiUd T. as probably a phrase to be inserted in every 
charter. 

The education of the founders of Bennington 
was, quite naturally, liruitod. The following is a fair 
sample of the rhetoric which one ollen runs across 
iu reading of the doings of that peculiar people. 
At the tirst meeting, February S, 1702, among other 
things, it vras "Voted, that any rattlesnake that is 
killed in Bennington shall be paid two coppers, the 
persons bringing in the tail." 

Early Bennington is nicely described by Ban- 
croft in Vol. V, p. 291, who quotes a letter of Gov. 
Hntf^hinson to G ov. Pcwnal, July 1765 : "Men of ^xw>' 
England 'of a superior sort,' had oMair.ed ^^ ^he 
gO"verumeni of Xevr Hampshire a warrant for land 
down the western slope of the Green Mountains, on 
a branch of the Hoosick, 20 miles east of Hudson 
River; forming already a community of 67 families, 
in as many houses, with an ordained minister; had 
elected their own municipal officers; formed 3 sev- 
eral public schools; set their meeting house among 
their primeval forests of beech and maple; and in a 
word, enjoyed the flourishing state which springs 
from rural indtistry, intelligence and unaffected 
piety. They called their village Bennington." 

The land title controversy with the State of 
New York began in 1764, and lasted until 1790. It 
v/as extrenieiv unpleasant to the settlers, and its 
events rank, in the history of the town, second to 
those of the revolution only. Excitement over the 
aggressions of the Yorkers ran very high at times 
and it seems miraculous that blood was not some- 
times spilled. The tories and Yorkers within their 
bounds were kept in. constant fear of being hung if 
caught in acts of disloyalty to Vermont 

197 



EARLY BEX"NINGTON. 

Oue or tY.o incidents may be mentioned in thi.s 
counection. The land was divided into counties bv 
Isevv York and sold and resold by officers appointed 
for each county. Tliei-e seemed to be no end of writs 
and trials of ejectment. The Yermontevs were in 
1774 pronounced a mob by New York, and a re^yard 
of fifty pounds a head oix'ered for Ethan Allen, Beth 
Warner and six others. In 1783 Ethan Allen, at the 
head of a small force of Green Mountain Boyt, (in 
•which Joseph Saflord was a captain) was sent into 
^Viudham county, where he issued this characteristic 
proclamation: "I, Ethan Allen, declare that unless 
the people of Guilford peaceably submit to the au- 
thority of Vermont, this town shall be made as deso- 
late as were the cities of Sodom and Gomorah," com- 
pleting his remarks with his usuhI oath. 

On one occasion, a Dr. Adams, a rabid Yorker, 
and subsequently tory, of Arlington, was brought 
before the Committee at the Catamount Tavern and 
tried. Instead of sentencing him to the usual "appli- 
cation of the beech seal," his punishment consisted 
in being tied in a chair and suspended for two hours 
under the tavern sign, which was a stuifed cata- 
mount, showing his teeth in the direction of New 
York State. 

The men of Bennington had extremely firm and 
shrewd ideas as to their i-ights in the matter, and 
lived up to them with a moral tenaeity and physical 
courage peculiarly their own. Any history of'early 
^'ermont will give extensive particulars of this cele- 
brated dispute in which our ancestors, their con- 
nections and neighbors played prominent parts. 

"Ho! all tc the borderi;, V'ermonters come down, 
With your breeches of deerskin and jackets of brown, 
With your red woolen cap? and your moccasins, come 
To the gathering- summons of trumpet and drum." 

A Ivev. Mr. Avery, vrho became pastor of the 
church after the death of Mr. Dewey, wrote, in 17S3, 
''In regard to military prowess, Bennington is 
thought to be second to none on the continent." The 
population is estimated at about fifteen hundred at 

198 



BENNINGTON IN THE DEVOLUTION. 

In the \'eniiont Historical 
MapTizine is a list of Vermont officers and the num- 
ber oi names from Bennington is surprisingly large. 
As an instance of the T)atriotisin of the town, we have 
evideiKc that the j>ons in the Fassett, Ratford, T\obin- 
son, Hopkius and Fay families, with i^erhaps one 
or two exceptions in Uie case of invalid b, were all in 
tie military service during the revolution, and that 
the daughters married the same kind of men. 

Thompson's Gazetteer of Vermont says of Ben- 
nington: ''Here was held the council of Allen, 
Easton, Warner and others in which the expedition 
to Ticonderoga was planned in May, 1775, and a con- 
siderable portion of the Green Mountain Boys who 
joined the expedition were from this town.'" Just 
who were in this affair does not seem to be known at 
th^^ tirne. but we may rest assured that a large per 
cent of the men who are mentioned in this volume 
were with eiiher Allen or Warner. This statement 
is based upon the following extract from the Ver- 
mont Historical ilagazine, Volume I, p. lo4: "The 
governor of New York, in reporting the Ticonderoga 
altair used ihe following words, 'The only people of 
this province who had any hand in this expedition, 
were that set of lavrless people, whom your Lordship 
has hoard Uiuch of, under the name of the Benning- 
ton Mob.' " 

After the brilliant capture of Ticonderoga and 
the garrisons on Lake Champlain, came the first expe- 
dition to Canada, with all the enthusiasm of a rapid 
conquest of Canada, then the second expedition to 
the relief of a defeated and disheartened army, then 
a campaigD of defense against invasion. Then, Id 
17 77, an invasion which struck terror into ail the 
settlements of the iS'ew Hampshire Grants. Can we 
wonder at the inhabitants being terror stricken at 
the approach of the British and Ressians, after the 
fall of Ticonderoga, when we read in Willi amxs' His- 
tory of Vermont, Vol. II, p. 92, of the Hessians, Wal- 

199 



EARLY EEXNIMGTON. 

deckers <\nd otIi:^r German auxilio.ries, in this anijy, 
"Crneity, pilfering, rape, destruction and plunder, 
marked their steps and their abode. Wherever they 
came, neithtr property, chastity, nor personal ap- 
paiel seeLied to be sale fur a moment. Sucli v/ere 
their brutal manners, their ferocious tempers, and 
their haljits of plunder and pillage, that they became 
everywhere hated and avoided. And it yet remains 
a problem which would have been the greater evil to 
the Americans, to have fallen into the hands of the 
Senecas nnd MohaAvhs, or into those of the Hessians 
and ^Valdeckers. So completely odious were these 
troops, that the v/hole country wisely determined to 
perish in the contest, or to clear their country of the 
foreign barbarians." 

In the Vermont Historical Alagazine, Vol I, p. 
In?,^ v,-p tii?d: *"i']>e live weeks which had folh>wed 
the evacuation of Ticonderoga, had been to the peo- 
ple of Eeuniugton a period of great anxiety and 
alarm, * * *" V,'hen it became known that an army 
of Hessians and Indians was approaching the town, 
The people from the borders flocked to the center, as 
did, also, numbers from oiher towns. * * * On the 
day of the battle the old village and its vicinity was 
crowded ^.\ ith women and children, whose husbands, 
fathers and brothers had gone out to meet and en- 
counter the enemy. Here the heavy sound of mus- 
ketry and cannon was plainly heard, furnishing evi- 
dence that a deadly conflict was in progress. Any 
attempt to describe the painful anxiety which, dur- 
ing the long summer day, was felt for the result of 
the struggle, and for the fate of the dear friends en- 
gaged in it, would be fruitless. That, as well as the 
gash of overllowing joy and exultation wdiich fol- 
lowed the news of the defeat of the enemy, can only 
be imagined." 

Every school boy ought to be familiar with the 
causes, the incidents, and the amazing results of the 
battle of Bennington, but none of us know much of 
the excitement in the tovrn, the anxiety of mothers, 

200 



BATTLE 0¥ BENNINGTON. ^^ 

Y/Ivep. and chiidfen, tho sufferings of the yroiinded, or 
tfcr sorrow in llie families of the Idlied. Ang^nst 16, 
1777, was the most memorabie day in the history of 
the town, and is celebrated each year as a holiday. 
Jennings gives many personal narratiA'cs of the day, 
and the early liistories of Vermont, to be found in onr 
large public libraries only, giye exh an stive descrip- 
tions of the bloody fight. Flow the comparatively 
untrained force of Stark, consisting mostly of the 
hastily raised militia, in some instances men of Ben- 
nington serving v ithont being enlisted in any or- 
ganization, ever dislodged the line force of the Hes- 
sian veterans from their fortified position on the hill 
and finally drove back the heavy re-inforcements 
sent to Banrn's assistance, is a {problem Avhich seems 
impossible I'"* solve. Bauni was a gallant and effi- 
cieiii uiAictji", uo.. hiy entire ^orce hnd been selected bj' 
Bnrgoyne with special care. A careful study of the 
case would develop the following points in favor of 
the Americans: 

Their spirit, evidenced by the famous exhorta- 
tion of Ptark, who, in his saddle, pointiui^.-; toward the 
enemy, said, as the first shots ^'ere heard. "There arc 
the red-coats., and they are ours, or this night Molly 
Stark sleeps a widow." 

The condition in which the Americans fought, 
leaving off their coats and knapsacks, whereas the 
Hessians wore full dress uniforms and were in heavy 
marchins: order. 

The fact that the Americans fought like demons, 
their braverv seeminr?: at times to have no bounds. 

The method of fightinjT bv the Am.erif'ans, who, 
using cover whenever possible, were enabled to pour 
such a deadlv and accuratr fire into ihc enemy. 

The precipitate retreat of the torie«. Canadians 
and Indians in the earlv part of the ficrht. 

And last but not least, the prayor nieetines that 
were beins: held bv the old men and the women in 
Benninijion, to invoke the assistance of the Almighty 
in the effort to stay the invader. 

201 



Ogh. stark, ^vbo had been in many fights before, 
said of the bnttle : "The hottest I ever saw in my life ; 
it represiented one continuous clajfof thunder." Ban- 
crol'i. pays: ''Now Ejii^-land sharpshooters ran up 
within eight yards of the loaded cannon to pick off 
the cannonier.s/' A Hessian oiYicer wrote: "Tlie 
royal officers were astonished to see how undauntedly 
they rushed on the nioutlis of the cannon. They 
ruslsed up the a:'Cent, sprang over the parapet, and 
dashed within the vs-oi-ks, — baj'onet, butt, and rifle 
in full play." It must be said to the credit of the 
Hessians tliat they knew no such thing as defeat. 
Jennings says of them: "They preserved their dis- 
cipline and fought bravely until there was not a 
cartridge left, then drew their sabres and charged 
the Americans, Avith their colonel at their h-^ad. 
The^N were nearly all killed or taken with Colunel 
BauMi, who did not surrender until wounded fatally." 
"Captain Kobinson, vrho guarded tlie house where 
Raum lingered in his last hours and watched gently 
as a woman with him till he died, was wont to say 
that ''A more intelligent and brave oflicer he had 
never seen than this unfcfrtunate lieutenant.' " The 
Americans had been completely exhausted after the 
fight with Baum, and had it not been for the timely 
arrival of Warner's regiment of continentals under 
command of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Safford, 
they A\'ould not have been able to withstand the 
aitacl; of the reinforcement under Breyraan. Ban- 
croft gives the nun>ber of prisoners taken as ()92, of 
whom over 100 Avere Hessians. The care of the hnn- 
dreds of prisoners, and the woimded, and the burial 
of the dead was a greater burden than Bennington 
could bear. 

We find the following in regard to those who lost 
their lives in the battle: "They Avere all in the prime 
of life, and all lieads of families, leaving AvidoAvs and 
children to mourn their sudden bereavement. The 
grief for their lo.ss was not confined to their im- 
mediate relatives, but was general, deep and sin- 
cere." 

202 



RESULTS OF THE BATTLE. 

The school-house, the meeting-house aud the 
barns were so filled Vv ith the prisoners that there was 
danger of breaking them down, and some of the 
n^ssiajis were turned loose. Xot so, however, w^ith 
the 157 tory prisoners, it did not seera so hard to 
care for them. '-The women," says Jennings, ^^took 
down their beds to get ropes" to secure them with. 

Bancroft estimates ihe American loss at 30 killed 
and 40 wounded, while that of the British was double 
that amount Genernl Stark reported the ntimber of 
dead on the lield to be 207. 

Burgovne wrote to England just after the battle: 
"The Hampshire Grants — a country unpeopled and 
almost unknown in the last war — now abounds in 
the most active and rebellious race on the continent, 
and hangs, like f p^atherino- storm, on my left." 

JeniiiiijiS hayis, ihai Buri2,<>yne "declared that he 
should, on his return to England, recommend tl^e 
recognition of their independence." 

The Green Mountain Boys were also on hand at 
Stillwater on October 7tlL doing their full share in 
fivinp: Btngoyne his final blow, which may be con- 
sidered the turninp; i^oint in the war. 

Such were the Green Mountain Boys. Will it 
not be permitted their descendants to take justifiable 
pride in the deeds of such ancestry? 

The Bennington monument, which cost in round 
figures, one hundred thousand dollars, is a fitting 
testimonial to the prowess of the American forces 
at Beniiington. It was, like other undertakings of 
such gigantic proportions, a work of years to pave 
the way for its erection. The corner-stone Vv'as laid 
August IG, 1SS7, and the dedication took place Au- 
gust 19, 1891. It is 37 feet square at the base aud the 
height is 306 feet from the corner-stone. 

203 












Jl 



f- 






;!iisj-rf,ji4'-^?.ivi-5w? 



£i.':«r7v:j?-> 



204 



h 



-^^>J§-- 



THF. BF.XXINGTON IlAITI.K MmX I'M HXT. 
See page 20;. 



9ESN!SiTp> 



'^-^ - :^cc 



EARLY CAMBRIDGE. 

^^^HOMPSOX, in his Gazetteer of Yermout, 
page 4:3, says: '^Cambridge vras gTarited 
.Noveiiiber 7, 1780, chartered to Samuel 
Kobinson, John Fassett, Jr., Jonathan Fas- 
sett and their associates, August 13, 1781, and con- 
tains 28,583 acres. The town vras surveyed 17S3 by 
Amos Fassett. In 1784 Amos Fassett, Stephen 
Kingsley, John Fassett, Jr., and Samuel Montague 
moved their fntnilies here from Bennington, and 
-.Nuaii (^jiiiL.„^Jv,iL Llti !'■'• V'-i Arlington, Vt The first 
saw-mill was built this year by Amos i^asseiL. 
Thirty-five persons spent the second winter here. In 
1785 David Safford and others moved into town from 
Bennington. The first settlers brought their pro- 
's isions with them, and when their meat failed, they 
hunted the moose. The first improvements were 
made on the fiats along the Lamoille, the waters of 
which frequently swept away or spoiled in fall the 
products of sum.mer. The crops of pumpkins fre- 

quently floated away and landed safely on the shores 
of Grand Isle. AYhen their mill dams were sv%'ept 
away the people ground their grain in mortars, which 
they called plumping mills, TYiC^y were made by 
burning a large cavity in the top of a stump, and 
suspending a large pesfle to a spring pole. The town 
v/as organized March 29, 17S5, and John Fassett was 
first tov\-n clerk. David Safford was first representa- 
tive and John Safford taught the first school in 
town." 

The Vermont Hi*torical Magazine, Vol. II, p. 
59, says: *'In the olden time, the citizens of the iov.rn 
were occupied in various things, they cleared land, 
made potash. v\-hisky, etc. 
2'}7 



EAELY CAIMBRIDGE. 

"The town ^ras granted November 7, 1780, and 
diarte-ed .August li>, 1781, to Samuel Robinson, 
John Fasyott. Jr., Joiiathan Fassett and sixty-four 
others.'' Amos Fassett was first surveyor. 
State of Vermont, 

Bt-;nxington, Jvhj 1st, 17 S3. 

At a meeting of the proprietors of the Township 
of Cambridge, in the County of England, held at the 
house of Jonathan Robinson, agreeable to a w^arn- 
ing in the Massachusetts Gazette: 

First Chose John Fassett, Jr., Moderator. 

Second. Chose Joseph Saflord, Clerk. 

August 28, 17S3, a draught of lots was made. 
Among those who drew were: John Fassett, 19; 
John Fassett, Jr., G8: Hannah Fassett, 32; John 
Fasseit 'Hd';, 13: Jonathan Fassett, 19; David Fas- 
tocu, :., ::.-Lai. :\,..;:^tt, 25; BenjiimiD F^s^^*^ ^"^ ; 
Amos Fassett, 17; Elias Fassett, 40; Thomas Chit- 
tenden, 21; Noah Cliittenden, 55; Martin Chitten- 
den, 65; Salmon Safford, 8; Joseph Safford, 59; 
Moses Robinson, 63; Samuel Robinson, 20; Leonard 
Robinr^on, 26; Moses Robinson, Jr., 37; Jonathan 
Robinson, 02; Elijah Dewey, 16; minister, 31; col- 
lege, 29; school, 41; grammar school, 15; minister, 
30. At the same time it was voted "to pay Amos 
Fasseti & Co., for viewing said town, four pounds, 
fourteen shillings and six pence." 

At a meeting IMarch 26, 1784, the proprietors 
"voted thai John Fassett and Benjamin Fassett 
have the privilege of pitchino; tv/o hundred acres of 
their undivided land, on condition they have a grist- 
mill running in said town by the first day of No- 
vembi^r, 17S5. Voted, at the same meeting, to give 
John Fassett, Amos Fassett and Benjamin Fassett 
two hundred acres providing they shall have a saw- 
mill ready to saw by the first of November, 1784, in 
Cambridge." 

"In 1785 the first saw-mill was built, which gave 
the settlers a chance to cover their houses and have 
lloors and doors=" "When the settlers got out of 

20S 



FIRST SETTLERS. 

meat they wonld kiii moose." "''Saniantha Fassett, 
daughter of Amos Fassett, was the first child born in 
town, 1784." ^'Dr. eTohn Fassett was the first physi- 
cian that settled in town. He came from Renninp:ton 
in 17S4; remained in town about forty yearS; and 
then went to the west." "Abont 1800, bears came 
into the fields and killed the only cow of widow 
Young leaving her destitute of m.ilk for her children. 
The townsmen contributed enough to buy her 
another cow.'- 

'^In 17SC the first school was kept in a log-house, 
having 24 scholars, by John Safford, The members 
of the first district Vv'ere: John Saiford, John Fas- 
sell, John Fassett, Jr., Stephen Kingsley, David Saf- 
ford, Xoah Chittenden and Samuel Montague." The 
John Fassett must have been the John Fassett (1743 
^ZLZ) ..--^ th,-- JohTi Fassett, Jr., at this time was 
undoubtedly Dr. John Fassett (17 (iJ) — i8i55). 

"The town was organized March 29, 17S5, and 
John Fassett was appointed the first town clerk and 
David Safford the first representative.'' ''David Saf- 
ford was one of the Spartan Band, so called, which 
delended the premises of James Breckenridge, of 
Bennington, in 1771, and resisted the execution of 
process in the hands of the sheriff of Albany county, 
issued for the "i)urpose of ejecting the settlers on the 
New Hampshire grants from the use and occupancy 
of their lands — wherein the first resistance by force 
was made U^ the authority of New York." 

'^Tohn Safford outlived all those vdio came on 
about the time he did. He died November 17, 1S57, 
at the advanced age of ninety years, then being the 
oldest person in town." 

"The first grist-mill built in town was by Amos 
Fassett in 1701, on the Mill river near the Boro, and 
the people came from Morristovrn, twenty miles, by 
marked trees, to mill." Dr. Nathan Fassett came 
between 1 7.^9 and ISOO. One m.an is mentioned "who, 
with his wife, traveled five miles into the woods on 
snow shoes to reach their shanty, she carrying a child 
in her arms." 

209 



EARLY CAMBRIDGE. 

*''lLe early seltlert; of the town formed material 
for a ncAY settlement rarely flimg together. Wiih 
hardly ?.n exceptiors, they were temperate, indus- 
trious, able-bodied, intelligent and staunch citizeus. 
An neighbors they ^^'ere kind-hearted and generoius; 
and as members of society they were high-minded, 
moral, chnreh-going, liberty-loving people. The 
spirit of t^ie Revolution, in which very many of them 
had taken part, was retained by them and never 
failed to shovv' itself on pnblic occasions." 

Under the head ol Congregational Church and 
Society, in a list of the '^uyefnf and venerable men 
who laid the foundation of our .social institutions and 
large prosperity in right and truth, whose memories 
we love and cherish,"* we lind John Fassett, Amos 
Fassett, David Safford, John Safford, Noah Chitten- 
fTrij .HTi rl others. "These were the men who bore the 
burdens of the early days of this community, erected 
the churcii, built the school houses, supported the 
minister and the teacher with remarkable liber- 
ality," etc. 

210 



Diary 



of 






(i743-ib03) 



WHKN A FIRST WEUTEXAXT OF 
"GRKEN MOUNTAIN BOYS." 



;eptember i, to December 7, 
1775 



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Transxribrri fram tire ©ngtual 

b? 

TOrs. TOcrris g, ?viggs, Toltaxr, Q^in. 



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KK PRODUCTION i^EOM ORIGINAL. (See page Kll 

213 -.2 /y 



Diary of Lieutenant John I'assett during trip to 
Caisada and return ii* Captain Hopkins' company of 
Colonel Warner's regiment, under General jloat- 
gomery, from September 1st to December Ttii, 1775. 

i&t Sept., 1775. 1 went from Bennington (to go 
into the war) with Major Safford, Adj't Walbridge, 
and Serj't Major Hutchens and some others (and 
Capt. Hopkins with the company went two days be- 
fore): \ye went as far as Landlord French's. Man- 
che:ster, 23 miles. 

2d ?rex"'^^ Wont on our mnrch to Col. Seth Warn- 
er's, Kupert, 12 miles. Btaid there till 3d Sepiemuui. 
Proceeded on our march as far as Skeenborottgh. 
Lodged at Landlord Gordon's, 30 miles. We sent our 
horses back. 

Sept. 4. Went down the Lake Champlain to 
/-•Icondaroga 28 miles. 

5th Sept. Doct. Jacob Meak was buried under 
arms. He died the day before. 

6th v^ept. Major Saft'ord, Capt. Hopkins, Ad- 
jutant Walbridge and I went to Lake George afoot, 
aboutS mileSj to carry a letter and Drink some Toddy 
which was the best I Drink'd after I went from home. 
Went back to Ticondaroga the same Day. 

7th Sept. Went down the Lake Champlain wit.ii 
a f-ue gaile of wind to Crown Point, 15 miles. Ar- 
riyot"; there about snn-set. 

Sth, 9th, lOih, lith and 12th. Staid at Crown- 
point Nothing Extraordinary. We Yiev/ed the 
Kuins of the Fort which is Ivemarkable. 

12th Sept, At night after Day Light Avas gone. 
Set cut with a tine gale of wind from Crownpoint and 
went with 5 Battoos and one Canoe. Went 12 miles 
that nigiit to a small Island called Button IJay, where 
we had nothing but the Heavens to cover us, I lay 

215 



DIAE^ OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jk. 

down atier we struck Dp a tirCj ou a Fiat rock and 
s]cpt very well. Two of oui" Boate.s went by us about 
a liiiJe to Bason Lir.rbor. 

13th BepL Set out early in the morBing. Came 
up with the two Boatf a. We had to row as there w as 
no wind the chief of the forenoou. ^Veut on shore at 
one Mr. Perjson's of {Shelburn. About noon got a 
dinner of chocolate & cakes, then set out with a line 
wind and landed at night East of the great Bay north 
of where Onion Klver Empty'js into the Lake uU miles. 
We built lire.s and pitched some Tents. It Kained 
hard but I slept ToiJerable well, but Began to think 
it was not home. 

lith Sept. We set out something late in the 
morning, by reason of the wind being high. The 
wind held high all Day, but after noon the wind in- 
. , \ - ' ■"' waves ran Kigh and I.^oisterous. It w ude 
me tbink of the Anthem i^they that go Down to the 
Sea in Ships), The wind increased and we were 
afraid of being Lost, and could not land. At length 
we put in to a small Island 30 miles I know no name 
to but shall call it Cherry Island for the abundance 
of the cherries there was there. ^Ve landed about 
three o'clock in the afternoon. Staid all night. 

15th Sept. Staid to a rrenchman's house, 
where pitched our tents. I was oihcer of the 
Guard at nigiit. I paid my Bottle of Bum for that 
was the first time I mounted guard. We expected 
we wc^ro in great danger of tlie Enemy but BeceiYed 
no harm. Went about 40 miles that Day. 

16th Sept. Set sail before Day Light appeared, 
for fear of an attack. Went about 7 miles to where 
Beuiember Baker was Buried. Went two miles 
farther to the Iskmd Ore where the main army was. 
Y\e met Gen. Skyiar in sight of the Island, for he had 
.set out for Ticondaroga, for he was sick. We got 
there about 10 o'clock in the morning. Went into a 
Barn where I saw Serj't Yu Cobb lying on a sort of 
Bed, for he was wounded. I was glad to see him as 
ever I was in my life, but sorry to see him in that 
situation. We left Ezekiel Brewster, Ben j 'in Holmes 
and Simeon Covel sick with live of our company. 



UNDER FIRE. 

iTtii Sept. Sunday, CoL Warner's Keg't set out 
for to take the Brestwork, 12 miles from the Island 
OrCj where fcSerg't Cobb was wounded, and the com- 
panj he was in was defeated. We arrived at the 
Brest v.'ork before night and fouind no Molestation, 
tbo' we expected a battieas much as we expected lo 
get there. The whole army soon came up where we 
ail staid that night and had nothing to cover us but 
the heavens and it was very cold and they liung Boms 
among us and we had a yerj tedious night of it in- 
deed. 

ISth Sept, In the morning our army fired their 
cannon and they hied from the fort. There was a hot 
lire from both sides sometime, but in the midst of it 
Col. Vv'arner's Begiment was ordered to march about 
three miles thro' the wood around St Johns. Yv'e 
L.<d tc- irg.Ye). knee deep in water expecting every 
miuuie to meet with the enemy. Wo at le'igth came 
very near to Major Brown's encampment, where the 
Begulars vrere. They gave us a hot tire. The grape 
shot and Musket balls hew very thick, but our pilots, 
not knowiDg the ground, we had not an equal chance 
for they all lied to St. Johns. They v^'ounded Capt. 
Watson, but killed none of our men. We took the 
ground and staid there all night and had a very 
tedious night with our feet wet and cold, no houses 
nor tents to lie in. 

Sept. 19th. The next day we went to intrench- 
ing and followed it for Some Days, and built a very 
good Breastwork. 

20th, 21st Sept. Nothing Eemarkable. 
{^ 22nd Sept, Capt'n Hopkins with the bigest 
part of the company and also Col. Warner and the 
bigest part of his Begiment went from our Encamp- 
ment to Laprairie. Left me with the rest of the com- 
pany. Nothing Eemarkable. 

23d Sept. Nothing Bemarkable for a week ex- 
cept that we expected every day and hour to have a 
battle. Heard every day that the Enemy was coming 
upon us. Sometimes we had news at midnight that 
the Enemy was close by; then vrould be every man to 

217 



DIARY OF CAPT. JOJIN FABSEl^, Jr. 

his armes, tlieu we must run to our Station at ihe 
Breastwork and stay tli.ere tili further orders which 
vrould be an iiour or two sometimes. YVe had to lie 
iu the Barn a.s many as could get in. We kept some 
in houses and some out doors. We had a very tedious 
V eek of it for it was very wet and cold. 

30th Sept, CoL Uedei sent me with a FrencJi- 
mau down the river Surreii to buy shoes and stock- 
ings for the army. I went about -id miles. Bought 
133 p'r stockings and 71 p'r shoes. I was treated the 
Best 1 ever was in my Lite w'ith what wine I could 
drink and witii what victuals I could eat. The best 
they had in their houses was at my Pleasure. They 
carried me in a calash from place to place. I<o man 
could be used better than I was, but the man that 
w^eiit wJTii inp oonld not talk English, that I v^'as put 
i,G I^ ^^L^^^i^c^ 10 undciGtand them, but the French 
are very Civil and Polite. 

4th Oct. 11 o'clock at night retuj'ned to Col. 
Bedel's Encampment. V.'as fatigued with my 
journey and not very well and when I came to my 
tent found Lieut. ]N'oble and his waiter. He informed 
me that CoL Warner had sent for the rest of his Regi- 
ment and that they were all gone to Laprairie except 
those that vrere sick and Lieut. Xobie staid to take 
care of them and my vraiter was gone with them.. 

5th Oct. Col. Bedel sent me to Gen. Montgom- 
ery with a guard of 20 men to carry the shoes and 
stockings I had Bo't. 1 went to the Gen's Markey. 
He said he never was so glad to see anything in his 
life as he was the shoes and stockings, but when we 
counted them out there was 9 p'r of stockings and 3 
p'r shoes missing. He asked how^ that should happen 
and W'hy I was not more carefuL I told him the cir- 
cumstances. He told me to come to him next 
roornlug, and he vcould settle with me for the shoes 
and stockings. I went that night to Dr. Fay's camp 
where vras Capt'n Herrick and Doet'r ]SaLhan Fas- 
sett, Josiah Fay and Sandry others of my friends I 
had not seen for some time. I was very glad to see 
thern. Nathan and I vv'ent into one of the boats to 

2iS 



SUFFEES FKOM FLl'X. 

get out of the vsnx of people and tallied rvboui two 
hours till I vras almost chilled to death with the cold, 
for i had waded liuee deep in water and had no dry 
stoelclngs to put on. At length we went into the tent 
and hi V do.vn and I slept very vrell. 

Ctli Oct. Next niornino- 1 grew more ill, but eat 
pretty hearty, but the Bloody Flux took me very hard 
for I had bad the Quick.scep for some time before. I 
went to the Genernl's tent, and he paid me the money 
for the shoes and stocking-s and thanked me for \vhat 

1 had done for my Country. He snid he believed I 
had done as well as any man could and he did not 
think I was to blame by the stockings and shoes 
being lost, but should be glad if I would try and find 
them, and before I got back T found 1 p'r stockings in 
a man's pocket that went with me that was one of 
fi.f. f 4^11 n V.I ftint carried part of the stockings. I went 
on tov. ards Col. Bedel's canap, but grew pocrly 9'> 
fast that I thought I never should get there. We 
went very slow. The men that were with me had 
some wine with them and they gave me some to drink 

2 or 3 times, which helped me much. They seemed to 
pity me very much. We sat down a great many 
times. I did not think of home much because I would 
not. At length vre arrived at Col. Bedel's camp. I 
told him my misfortune in losing the stockings and 
shoes, and that I had found one p'r stockintrs. Re 
advised me to put the man under guard immediately, 
which I did. I grew worse. Had a search for the 
stockings but could not find any more. That ni^ht 
I could not sleep. Had to go out d'"»ors every few 
minutes. Was in great pain. 

7th Oct. Had a Court martial upon the man I 
put under guard and they freed him because he 
proved to their satisfaction that he forgot to pull 
them out of his ]>ocket. T grew njore and more sick 
and that day vi^ent to the tavern and got in there for 
a few day-. The Innkeeper was a Scotchman. Hp 
and his wife were very kind to me. Indeed I co-il'^ 
not have expected more from, my own Fiither, Onlv 
as their victuals v^'ere not cooked to suit me, for my 
stomach was very weak. 

219 



DIAUY OF CAPT. JOHN TASSETT, Jr. 

8th Oct Runday. No better. Nothing extra- 
ordinary e^xcept tJjat our people kept on the firing as 
well as the ejiemy, every day more or less after we 
took the breast l^'o^k tha\ I mentioTied the 17th Sept. 
Evevy Jay they nved from both sides with their can- 
non and bomb shell more or less. 

9th Oct. Some better, but yet in great distress 
at time.s. Eight of our men Avent from Col. Bedel's 
Cam.p to the General's, was ambushed by a party of 
the Enemy who fired upon them, wounded the Serg't 
of the party and took two of our men prisoners. They 
bro't the wounded man in where I was, and upon 
search found the ball to be in his Leg. The Surgeon 
cut a great ^rhile but could not get it out. That made 
me think that I ought to be thankful that I w^as not 
in such a condition. 

±uiii, j-XtL. xljth Oct. I "^rc^v b'-'"'^te^ ^■>''"'+ •»'or«Y 
slow. Was in great pain all the time when 1 used the 
stool and was very weak, but w^eut about some every 
day. Col. Warner came to see me, and he said I must 
go to Laprairie with him. Be said they wanted me 
there and I must go. He urged so hard I set out with 
him but did not expect to get there that night for it 
was dark when we set out, and we had eighteen miles 
to go. I rid on a low horse and it was very wet and 
muddy and we rid very hard that my feet were as wet 
as if I had waded knee-deep in water. We got to La- 
prairie Between nine and ten o'clock at night, I was 
Yerj much worn out, but was glad to see my friends, 
for I had not seen them for three weeks. Major 
Safford informed ns that, there was an army of 500 
men Coming upon us that night. We had to lie on 
our arms that night. 

IStli Oct. Was called up a four o'clock in ye 
morning by the beat of the drum, but no Enemy came 
upon us all this time. I had no stummick to eat. T 
Bo't as many apples as I could eat, some 3 and some 
4 for a copper. I had one apple pie and that tasted 
good. We had a court martial on John Twohy, the 
mittemns that was brought against him was for not 
doing his Duty. I was one of the members of the 



MEMBER OF COURT-MARTIAL. 

court, and our Judgment war, that Twohy should be 
stripped naked and tied to a post for five minutes, 
and then be released. He was P^ro't to the post and 
the CoJ. set hi;3i at Liberty Avithout having his pun- 
ishment. 

lith Oct. Nothing Extraordinary. Some bet- 
ter. 

1.3th Oct. Went to Mass in the forenoon. I see 
the stranaest thiup,- that ever I see in my life. Their 
Ceremonies are beyond wliat I can express. They 
had six candles burning all the time. Behl a couusel 
of war. Resolved to go to Longail which w^as nine 
miles, with all the men vre had at Laprairie except 
Capt'n McCrachen-s Company for we heard the Keg- 
ulars and Canadians were going there to take it, and 
we see a number of boats going that way. Major 
c^^cr^.^r^ ^'?s vnt well that he could not go. I was 
very Avcak yet^ but 1 set out with the cuuipany. I 
held out very well about seven miles, and then we 
had word we must all run for the Enemy had all 
landed about three miles below Longail. They all set 
out to run, but I could not run, but I put on too fast 
for my strength- We all flung ofi" our packs but put a 
Centry over them. I was soon left behind so that I 
was alone and vs'ent in alone, but before I got in I 
heard the guns fire brisk. I expected to have a hot 
battle whoa I got to the fort. Every man was gone 
forward. I went into a house and sat down. The 
people of the house were going to supper. They 
asked me to sit down with them. T ate a few mouth- 
fu"'s of hot soup. While I was at supper seven or 
eigh yorkers came in that were behind me. T 
ordered a guard immediately. Our men all came 
back pretty soon. It was my turn to be officer of the 
guard that nisht and the Adju.tant told me I must 
take it. T got Serc't ^Major Hutchens to take my 
place. Was very glad to get freed from mv Duty that 
(' night. Capt. Hopkins and I went to a Frenehm.an's 
house and crot a lodaing in a good bed. I slent verv 
well. 

Ib'th Oct. Got up early in the morning. Felt 
better Nothing Eeroarkable. 
221 



/^ 



DIA.RY OF CAFT. JOH>' FASSETT, Jk. 

17tlt 0»f. SeDl out a scout of GO men. Tiiey 
went dovv'R the IMver IS Eilley and Liad a battle about 
twelve o'clock at nigiu. Wiiliam Draper was killed 
down d< avl on the Bpot. We had cue more man 
wounded in the thigh and we IniJed the Capt. of the 
Enemy and f.aiiidi'y others, but how luany Ave could 
not tell, for they fled to their boats aud our men fol 
lowed them and had had ail the advantage upon 
them Imaginable for they were close to them. 
About 7 o'clock at night word came to Capt. Hop- 
kins and I that Col. Brush was at Col. Warner's lodg- 
ing which was about 20 or 30 Kods from our lodging. 
We went very quick to yee him. I was very glad to 
see him indeed. He Bro't me two letters from my 
wife. I was exceeding glad to hear that my family 
and friends were all v.eiL We staid vsdth him until 
late i.a -J. _ i.'4;;l;t; thi'-r T'etUTT'^d to nnr 1 iuIo-'m-^o-. 
Sleep well, by this time I had got hearty and well. 

ISth Oct. Yesterday scout returned and Bro't 
the above Intelligence concerning the Battle. Seven 
Boats came down the river and made as if they were 
going to land on a point of an island or come across 
the river to us. A number of our officers vrent out 
towards the boats, and the Beguiars from the boats 
fired tlieir iield pieces at us. The Balls and Grape 
Shot flew over cur headS;, but did us no harm. They 
shot two or three cannon balls thro' the roofs of some 
of the houses. Our men fired several small arms at 
them. Their Balls scooted along by their boats, some 
of them. I was ofdcer of the Guard that night. 
^Slothin^' Remarkable. 

10th Oct, Xothir.g more than common. 

20th Oct. A very rainy day. 

21st Oct. Kainy yet. Wrote letters to send to 
ray wife and friends by CoL Brush. 

22nd Oct. Sunda}', went in the morning to see 
a man st^dpt and tied to the post for neglecting his 
duty. The re;.>iment was all paraded, the man was 
brought and the Col. forgave him ;ipon the Capt'n's 
Bail. Vs'r'ut to mass v/ith Col. Warner, CoL Brush. 
Major Saft'ord, Adjutant Walbridge and sundry 

222 



SISOW. EXCITING 2nE\V8, 

others in the lorenooij. In the afternoon Col. Brush, 
\vith his brother, Vv'ni. Brush, set out in a Calash for 
/home. Capt'n iiopkins aeconipanied tliein as far as 
the general Bve.stAvork south St. John's, 

23d Oct. Nothing more than coinmon, \Yeil 
and hearty, but nothing to do. Chose Binion Graves 
sergeant. 

2dth Oct. Nothing extra. Got out of Brea<l and 
Meal so that we had to live upon duDiplings. The 
Sentry just shot his gun at something he can't tell 
what It is bed time, all are gone to bed but I. Flour 
came plenty. 

25th Oct. Fair weather. Snow appeared on the 
mountain by Montreal. We had thickened milk for 
breakfast, and I don't see as ever they will be done. 
7 o'clock at night Lieut. Gallusha, Lieut. Boberts 
c.rd. ^"'^^^r^' of hprs come to my lodging after me to go 
(o the Adjutant's lodging. Vv'eiiL svlth them. Col. 
Warner and Chief of theOfucers belonging to his regi- 
ment and some of the York officers were there. We 
stayed there and drinked some vrine and sung sonrrs 
till half nfter 11 o'clock at night when the Col. heard 
he had an express come to his lodginp;. We all went 
immediately to see what it was, and found it to be a 
letter from Capt'n Grant that was with a party of 
about tea men at Variene about 12 miles down the 
river below us which was to this import, that about 20 
miles below him there were seen 300 Regulars niarch- 
ing towards him a« fast os they could and there was a 
ship of 500 tons with a number of cannons in her Vv-ith 
about 800 more of the Tvinir's Troops and 4 or 500 
Canadians all coming to give us battle. We con- 
cluded to send two men to see what more discovery 
they could make. Then we all went to our quarters. 
Xow^ I am going to bed, 

26th Oct. Concluded to send one Capt'n with 
sixty men down the river as an advance guard to see 
what further discovery they could make. About 11 
o'clock forenoon four Pattoos about 10 or 12 men in 
each came down the river from Montreal by us. 
They fired their svrivels at us and small arm-S. Our 

223 



DIAKY OF CAPT. JO MX FA8SETT, Jk. 

men lirea from je shore at Ihein. Xo hai'iii on either 
side as I know of. Baitoes went down 2 v>r 3 miles, 
then went back on the other side of the mer. About 
2 o'clock afternoon, 15 or 18 boats came down the 
rirer by u;s. They fired at ns and we at them, nothing 
bnt small arms. They went down abont a mile anil 
a half below U'^, then tnrned about and came directly 
back. As they passed by ns. they fired ^ery bri^k, 
and our people on them, but no harm till thej had 
got by the town. Some of our men followed them 
by and Serg't Jackson of Capt'n Potter's Company 
run onto a point of land within abont 25 or 30 Rods 
of the Battoes, and fired at them and they discharged 
a number of guns at him. He said the balls flew 
around him as thick as hailstones. One ball went 
through his arm and gave him a flesh wound but did 
ru" n-^T' --r ■'^rr^T ^-ty' men picked u'^ a niinib^" of balls 
that fell where they stood. Some of ye balls went 
over our heads, some struck the ground by our feet. I 
don't think they were less than 100 rods from us when 
we first see them. I some expected they had laid a 
deep plot against us, but at present we kept peaceble 
and it is novr about 9 o'clock at night This aftenoon 
12 Sub.'s of us have held a couuciland have carried a 
petition to the Cok tonight to send for some cannon, 
lie said he would giye us an answer tomorrow morn- 
ing as early as we pleased. 10 o'clock at nioht Col. 
Warner, Major Safford and all the Capt'ns sent for 
us to consult us. We went to see them. Thev ap- 
proyed of what we had done. We all consulted to- 
gether and concluded to send Major SaiTord, and 
Capt'n Teneyck to Chamblee for cannon and if they 
coiild not get any there to go till they could get some. 
We all went to our lodging. 

27th Oct At 2 o'clock in the morning some of 
our folks that lodged in the same house with me,said 
they heard guns which partly awaked me, then one 
or two jumped up and said "stand to rour arms'" and 
] sprang up expecting nothing but that the enemv 
was come. We dressed ourseires and o-ot our gui.s 
immediately and ran to the fort which was about 50 

224 



A MIDNIGHT yCARK. 

rods bdt when we came to (he gnrtnl be said he had 
heard nothing. So v. e all returned to our Quarters 
again. Very fine weather. Nothing extra. David 
Brewstf^r is verv sick. Sent for CoL Warner and he 
gave him a portion of Jallap. Jacob SalTord not very 
well, nor has not been for several days. 

28th Oct. Cloudy, raw, eohl vreather. Looks 
like snow. Capt'n Hopkins came iTom ye ;0-eneral'S 
Breastwork. Bro't news that they had not taken 
St. Johns, that Gen. Worcester w^as come to Gen. 
Montgomery's encampment with 300 men and that he 
was coming on to us, and that Major Safford was like 
to get some cannon. All which gave us some en- 
courngement. Christie is making up my Plush 
breeches at last. 

Sunday 20th Oct. CoL Warner blooded Jacob 
Sairoru. David Brewster is some better. Col. 
Warner is going to Laprairie; the weather is warmer 
than it was yesterday but is cloudy yet. 10 o'clock in 
the morning Major Safi'ord came back. Bro't news 
that there was one four pounder coming from Cham- 
blee, and that the main army had struck their tents 
yesterday and had mo\ed one mile and a half north 
St. Johns to where Col. Bedel commanded, that they 
had jdtched their tents there, and that Col. Easton 
with his regimc^nt had gone down the river towards 
Surrell to drive off the enemy that were fortifving 
there. Doct Fay went with Col. Easton. Doct. Fas- 
sett Staid with the main army to take care of the 
sick. Capt'n Horrick and Lieut. Spencer is sick. 
Major Safford says that the officers think in general 
that St. Johns will be taken in 4 or 5 days; Lieut. 
^oble came to us with the invalids at 9 o'clock. They 
bro't the cannon above m.entioned to us. 

SOth Oct A pleasant morninc". but afternoon 
grew very cold. Tory early came a spy boat down to 
see our motion. Between 11 and 12 o'clock there ap- 
peai'ed fas near as we could tell) 34 boats from "Mon- 
treal comin<T r>own towards us. then evprv man to 
his arms. We all paraded. There were about 200 of 
us that were fit for duty. We drawed the cannon to 

225 



DIARY OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jb. 

the water side and a ^'limber of us went by the side of 
the carriage so as to keep it undiscovered from the 
schooner that iav off against us. We got the cannon 
to the vrater side. Thirty or forty men were ordered 
up the Iiiver to watch the motions of the Boat, for it 
seemed by their ^tlotioij they were going to land 
. about 2 miles above us. In a few minutes a number 
( more men were ordered up the lUver. Capt-n Hop- 
■ kins' company was ordered up the Elver. We went 
as fast as we could about two miles. The Boat was 
tryins: to land, but we fired so brisk upon them they 
were forced to Ixetreat. By this time the Bigest part 
of our arm.y was come up. Q'here were enough 
left to msnage the cannon. There is an Island about 
2 miles above Longail fort Y»-here part of the Enemy 
landed and it is very shoal vrater so that a man may 
wade very well across the River to where we were, 
but it if. about 1 mile across. There are some little 
Islands and some large rocks in the Eiver. The 
Enemy got out of their Boat and Began to wade 
across towards us. Our men were all ordered along 
the shore, a number to run and meet the Enemy that 
were cominjx across the Inver some half mile Below 
where the Boats were trying to land. The Bank of 
the Biver f:iVored us for it is higher at the edge of the 
Elver than it is a little back, which made a very 
good breastwork where we lay Behind; and where 
the Bank of the Elver did not favor us in that line 
we got behind the piney. Before many of us got to 
the place, some of the Enemy got almost to our shore, 
and 2 Indians got acro---s. David Mallary ran after 
one of them and took h'm vrith his gun loaded. The 
other our men took after dark. But to return, we 
kept a perpetual firing on both sides. The Enemy 
had cannon and Bomb Shells aboard, which they 
gave us a plenty of. There was one shell broke 
within a few feet of my head right over me. The 
pieces flew all around me and there were men lying 
very thick around me, but none received any harm.. 
Several raitnon Bnll came very n<'ar me and the 
Musket balls came close to our heads in great plentv. 

226 



BATTLE AT LOXGUIEL. 

This was the tirst cime I ever shot at a man. There 
T^'as a yerv steady liri]ig on both sides ail the afternoon 
till after dark, but no more landed on our side of the 
River, bat they came within gunshot and got behind 
the Eocks and little Islands. When the Enemy per- 
ceived that they could not Land by wading, they sent 
a number of Boats down against the fort (thinking 
we were all drawn oil from the Fort) wliere our Can- 
non gave them a salute. The boats returned when 
they perceived that, for they did not know we had 
any cannon. Then the men drew the Cannon up the 
river after them. All this while the Enemy were try- 
ing to land by wading across and there was a con- 
tinual fire. We saw numbers fall down and some 
never got up again. When our Cannon came up we 
gave them a few cannon Balis which drove off the 
l"v-.'. ' . '• +0 "^lortreal. Then our men threw the 
grape shot on to the little Islands which drove them 
off. By this time it had begun to be dark. Then we 
hailed the Enemy (for there were some within 30 
rods) and told them that if they vrould come ashore 
to tT.> they could have good quarter, there were 3 be- 
hind one rock that said they would. We waited for 
them sometime. Then we called again. They said 
they had a wounded man they could not bring. Col. 
Warner told them to leave him and come ashore and 
if they offered to run back, or if they fired a gun. Death 
was their portion. Then we see one stepping off the 
other way Col. Warner ordered us to fire. The gun 
cracked merrily at him. He fell down and crawled 
off, but whether we hit him I don't know. Then one 
of them came ashore to us which was a gentleman 
froin Montreal. His father is one of the richest men 
in -Montreal. Then a number of our men went in 
after the wounded man which was an Indian. He 
died soon after he came ashore. They took one other 
frenchman prisoner in the vrater. ^^'e found 2 more 
dead Indians that night which we brought ashore 
and five guns with some other plunder. All the 
while the firing lasted there was a great number of 
men and women standing on the Bank on the other 

227 



DIARY OF CAPT. JOHN FA.SSKITT, Jk. 

side of tJie L'irer looking to see liow tlie battle weut 
on, and for all Y\"e Lad such a long and brisk firing, 
not one of us. was hurt except Capt'n Hopkins wlic 
had a ball >sbot thro' his coat sleaye and thro' his 
shirt and it took off a piece of skin from his arm as 
big as a York shilling but did him no other harm. 
The Balls fle^^' aronnil on ail sides of ns close to onr 
headb and feet yet God suffered them not to hurt us. 
Oh that 1 might never forgot bis goodness to me. I 
come very near being killed by one of our own, men, 
I had got my gun charged and was lying flat on my 
belly as all the rest were and was going to get up to 
see if I could see anybody to shoot at Avhen one spoke 
and said: '"There is a man running, shoot him!" 
I put my head a little higher when all at once our 
men fired very brisk and one that was behind ine 
f^'^'^d hiz guT> OYei- my bead so that it seemed to sho tre 
m} head, and Capt'n Stanton that was close behind 
me said that he expected I was killed. He said it did 
not go more than one inch from my head the whole 
charge, but it did not hurt me. Shot 13 times this 
afterjjoon. We all returned to our Quarters except 
what we left to keep guard. I had not eaten any- 
thing after breakfast. I was so tired I could not 
sleep much that night. 

Sist Oct, Early in tJie morning the Cob ex- 
amined the two French prisoners and they informed 
us that Gov. Carleton headed the army the day be- 
fore, and that the army consisted of G60 men, that 100 
vrere Regulars, and the rest Canadians and a few In- 
dians. They said we killed 12 men in the lirst Boat 
that tried to laud. They said tliey believed we killed 9 
otli ers and wo unded a bou 1 50 men. We sent off the four 
prisoners to the General. I went with Lieut. Galusha 
and Mr. Sunderland to see yt. The 3 Indians were 
buried when we got there. Canadians were digging 
a grave for them. They dug it about 2 ft. and a half 
deep, then put them in stark naked v.ith their faces 
downward, two at the bottom vrith their heads both 
one way, the other on top with his head at the others 
feet Then they flung on dirt and then stones. 'Twas 
22a 



A SPY TAKEK. 

Euoii a funeral a« I ue^ er .saw before. Isotliiug extra, 
it is very cold. Bells tolled in Montreal this morn- 
ing. Seveu Boats went dov/n tlie Iliver. ' Tlie 
scliooner that Jay against us Vvont down the riA^er 
about a mile and a iiaif last nigjii. The prison- 
ers that we took yesterday said that Gen. Carlcton's 
intentions were to land on our side of the Piiver at ail 
events. As a ntimber T/ere to wade and the rest to 
come with their boats. 

1st Nov. A great day among the French, it 
being All Saints Day, There was a great gathering 
among them and greater ceremonies at church than 
common. Fair weather. Nothing Remarkable, Con- 
fined a man that we suspected for an Enemy for he 
Avas overheard speaking to one of Jiis friends in pri- 
vate thai be knevv before hand that Gov. Carleton 
»^..^ V. . i:v: with his army lo give us battle as -^bove 
ai'd tiiiit he vrould not put up witn the above battle, 
but that he would come with all his strength in tv/o 
or three days. This man told his friend, that he went 
to Montreal every night to carry news. A 11 this time 
this man pretended the greatest friendship to us, but 
we secured him. By the above intelligence and by 
other news (for v/e had a great deal) the Col. thought 
proper to send q strong guard of 3(1 men u}) the river 
where we had the late battle. Capt'n Potter and I 
slept none so v/ent with them. The Col. sent a guard 
of 10 or 12 men down the river to watch their mo- 
tions. Nothing extra, a very cold night. 

2nd Nov. I must say I expected a battle this 
morning as soon as it was light, but it passed over so 
that at sunrise, we all Avent to our Quarter.s. We 
hear all the time and from all parts that we may ex- 
pect a battle every day and hour which made us look 
out sharp. A party went and made a sort of breast 
work where we had the battle, so as to stand a better 
chance if they should come again. A little before 
night they all went back to their Quarters. Just 
before they vrent away about 50 of the Enemy was 
seen to land on the Island over against them and 
gave them a few shots, but our men made them no 

229 



DIARY OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jr. 

answer. Tiie sciiooner that had sailed dov^n the 
river that 1 mentioned bei'ore sailed up about sim- 
down. Our caunon hred upon her 5 or G times. She 
fired upon us 8 times but did no harm. One ball 
went thro' the roof of a church over my head. We 
did no daiuage to the schooner as I know of. 

3d Xov." Had news that St. Johns was taken 
and that Gen. Montgomery had sent to Laprairie to 
Major Livingston to send him 100 teams, to bring the 
ariny along to La prairie which nevv's was of the 
greatest rejoicing to us. Betv/een 1 and 2 o'clock 
Col. \N"arner had a letter from Gen. Montgomery the 
substance of which was that St. Johns surrendered 
last night and that he was coming to Laprairie im- 
mediately with his forces and a line trail of artillery 
which caused a great rejoicing in our regiment and 
r..'::.-T- ^Vo Canadians, llain this afternoon. A litUe 
before sunset we were all called together and all 
paraded by the bank of the river in single file and all 
faced the 'river our guns loaded with powder only. 
The cannon was at our right wing. Then the cannon 
firedj then we were ail ordered to fire, which made 
a terrible crashing. The cannon was fired three 
times. Ail of which was upon the occasion of the Ke- 
duction of St. Johns. After dark it snowed, and was 
a very tedious night for the Sentries. I am just come 
from a Council held concerning Doct'r Stoddard who 
had got in to be head doctor of our regiment and we 
concluded to dismiss him. It is now 10 o'clock at 
night and all have been gone to bed this hour but L 

4th Xov. Came a spy boat. We gave her several 
Cannon but did her no harm. The snow covered the 
ground this morning but all gone before night. Ten 
o'clock had to take the main guard. Nothing Extra. 
Wrote a letter to Nathan. Sent it by Serg't Major 
Hutchins. After dark Lieut. Claghorn sent a pris- 
oner to the Guard house. His crime was he shot 6 
times at the sentinel and swore he would be the death 
of the OjTicer of the Scout which was Lieut. Clag- 
horn and offered other abuse. He was the worse 
for liciuor. Had a good guard. Slept none. 

230 



FAJJl. OF ST JOHNS. 

5th IsoY. Buiiday. Heard from Bt. Johijs lliat 
Gen. Montgomery took 550 men, 100 women, 150 
cMldren, (About 30 of the men were Canadian Tories), 
end about .'loOO arms a great number of cannon and 
cannoii ball not miich powder and no provision. V\'e 
hear our army is pushing" forward for Montreal and 
we hear from Col. Easton that he has had 2 battles 
and has drove the enemy both times. We hear from 
Quebec that Col. Arnold has tahen two certain 

.points, which news gave us great encouragement. 

6th Nov. Nothing Extra. One sloop, and one 
Pereyaugre sailed up the river. We gave her several 
guns but did her no harm. A rainy afternoon. Keard 
that Montreal had sent a flag of truce to Gen. Mont- 
gomery, for what we dont know. At 10 o'clock at 
night our guard heard a very brisk firing of guns as 
ir they ho d c b.-^ ttio, but what it was we dont know. 

7th Kov. Pleasant morning. Heard that Coi. 
Easroii had orders to go to Montreal, that they had 
driven the enemy off from Surreih CoL Warner is 
going to the Gen. this morning. We hear the Biggest 
part of our army has come to Laprairie, that they had 
to live in tents. We had word this afternoon from 
the Gen. that we must be ready in an hour's warning, 

^'Which makes us expect that we must go to Montreal 
eoon. Capt'n Hopkins cut Lieut. Noble's coat even 
to the buttocks. Just ate some bread and milk and 
am going to Capt'n Potters to hold a council, upon 
Dr. Stoddard. Came home between 11 and 12 o'clock 
at night Nothing Extra. 

8th Nov. Heard Cannon very brisk as soon as 
the daylight appeared down the river. We expected 
it is Col. Euston firing at the shipping at Surrell. It 
is a very pleasant day. Had roast Turkey for break- 
fast. Major Safford,'Capt'n and I went to Bushavie, 
afoot, about 6 miles, where we were treated extra welL 
We liad a dinner of very line soup, then beef and 
carrots, cabbage and green lettuce as good as any 
ever I eat any time of the year. Then a mince pie 
such as I never eat. I did not like it right well. We 
had what wine we could drink. We stayed 4 hours, 
.?3i 



DIARY OF CAPT. JOHN FASfSETT, Jr. 

then set out for home. Shot at a mark 4 or 5 times. 
Got back before dark. We bought ^2 blaukets aud 
1:? m\ shoes. Got some lettuce seed, onion seed and 
carrot seed at Bushavie, a sort of lettuce ihat heads 
like Cabbage. 

9th of Xov. Cloudy but warm. Nothing extra. 
2sine o'clock heard from Col. Easton that yesterday 
morning he fired upon the King'a shipping at Sur- 
reli lie tired so brisk that they were obliged to cut 
their cables, and pass oil down. the Elver. They had 
a very brisk fire for some hours with Cannon and 
small arms, but I have not heard the circumstances. 
Afternoon I received a letter from Doct'r Fassett. 
He informed me that he had heard from Pittsford 
that Jonathan Fassett 's wife and his wife had got 
each of them a boy, that they were all welh N'athan 
l^rjj_. . iiie iLal Lc was ordered t^ ^y'r^•n^^-i Pm'nt the 
7th inst. with the sick, but since I heard it contra- 
dicted. Heard there were five pieces of Cannon come 
to Laprairie, that they were bringing 30 Battoes by 
land to Laprairie. 

10th Nov. The ground is covered with snow 
this morning. It keeps on snowing but it melts as 
fast as it fails. We expect every hour when we shall 
be sent for by the General to make a ptish 
for Montreal for he has sent to Col. Warner 
to be ready for a march at a minute's warn- 
ing. Afternoon heard that Col. Easton determined 
to keep the ground at Surrell, and that Major Brown 
with about 200 men had crossed the river St Law- 
rence and was coming up the other side towards 
Montreal Heard that Gen. Montgomery had got 8 
pieces of cannon, oue of which was a 24 pounder aud 
that some of the Battoes were come to the General at 
Laprairie which makes us expect every hour wiien 
we shall be sent for. A very snowy day. Heard 
that Serg't Clark is coming back from Surrell sick in 
a Calash. 

11th Nov. 4 o'clock in the morning Major Saf- 
ford came to our lodging and told us the Gen, had 
sent to have us march immcdiatolv dawn the River 



CAMrAlGiv'lNG IK SNOW AND MUD. 

aoout 3 iiiiies aiiu there to cross. We got iipaucl made 
ready for oiu- marcli. Ate breakfast as .soon as it was 
light. It snowed all iu«t night and this morning. 
About nire o'clock got ready to march. It was vevy 
L-old and wei and muddy travelling. We got dowi] 
about 3 miles, and there was but a few canoes, and 
we tiiought we saw people on the other side, so we 
expecLed a battle as soon as we crosssed, or rather, 
before we could cross. ^Ve went into the houses to 
warm us. In the meantime Col. Warner had an ex- 
pre.ss from the General, if he had not crossed the 
riyer to corae to Laprairie. We turned our course 
immediately, ^ent back to Laprairie where we ar- 
rived before dark, I was so beat o.ut could hardly 
help myself, and could get no victuals to eat. At 
length lit of a French woman that had a Turkey pie 
"In -' M. T }.,^iio-i,t it 9nd gave 20 coppers for it. Major 
Brown and Capt'n Cockran came to Laprairie after 
dark from SurreU. Brought news that they had 
driven the enemy from that Quarter and cleared the 
Biver of their water craft That none of our people 
had crossed the river as we heard. They informed 
us that tbey had raken several packets from the 
Enemy, that informed that Col, Arnold had arrived 
near Quebec witli 1500 men and had taken 1 or 2 
fortresses of impoi-tance, and by what they could 
learn by the packets, Montreal would not fire a gun. 
Gen. Montgomery with about 300 men has landed 
on an Island about 3 miles of Montreal. The whole 
army is to go as fast as tliey can. Capt'n Cockran 
told me that Doct'r Fay (some days before he came 
away) set out for St. Johns, but he thought he ha<l got 
back to Burrell before now. He said he had gone for 
medicine. Heard Corporal Hall is very sick at Sur- 
reU and that Serg't Clark is better aud is coming on 
to join us. 

12th Xov. Sunday. Got up before day and went 
do^^ n to the river to wash. Went to a Dutchman's 
house to get a dram soon after light where were a 
number of Yorkers of the First Battalion, cursing 
and swearing and damning themselves and one 

2-33 



DTAEY OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jb. 

anotlier. it seenoed like a hell \i])on earth. Fair 
weather but cold. We expect in a few hours to go to 
the Gen. It is tedious for the meu, but i hope we 
shall 4,et thro' Vv-ith the buniness soon, so as to dis- 
miss the men. 12 o'clock E. Bmith, Jacob Safl'ord 
and 1 have been buying an apple pie and a sort of a 
floured short cake aud apples. Have eaten as much 
as -S'.'e can which ma kes us feel weiL This morning a 
Lieut of the First Buttaliion of the NeYv Yorkers 
died, is to be buried to-day. His name is Mc- 
.Do'jgal. Oapt'n Bronson is not well today. Am 
afraid he is going to be sick. 2 o'clock afternoon 
Capt. Grant arrived here from Yershire. Bro't news 
that the sJiipping that was at Montreal was 6 miles 
below Longail and that he see them going down, and 
thai he see the boats go from the Island, that Gen. 
^.".. \y ■ r^vy landed on yesterday, to Montreal and He 
see the array land and walk up into the town, so that 
we now conclude tliat the war is all over for this fall, 
for them that intend to go home this falL 5 o'clock 
afternoon. Just returned from the Funeral of the 
above Lieut. He was buried under arms. He had a 
brother to see him buried. His father is head CoL 
of the Kegiment but is not here. When I was at the 
funeral received a letter from brother J ohnath an Fas- 
sett dated the twenty sixth of October which in- 
formed me that he had a son 3 days old and that 
Nathan had a son a month old. Very windy. Can- 
not cross to Montreal. 

13th Nov. Very windy yet. Froze hard last 
night. We now have orders to return back to 
Longail where we expect to cross to Montreal. We 
shall :;o in a few hours I expect. Set out from La- 
prairie about 9 o'clock in the morning. Went down 
the Eiver about 7 miles afoot. Got there about 2 
o'clock. Here we are shooting at a mark. Expect to 
go ovet the liiver in a few minutes. 3 Boats are over 
and are coming back. Got over the river just before 
daylight v\'as gone, ^yent about a mile by land. 
Came to a tavern where we ate supper of eggs, 
drinked what cider I could. We are within | mile 

234 



THE ARMY ENTERS MONTBEAL. 

of Montreal. Some say small pox is very thick io tho 
city and some say it is not in the city at alL 

14th Nov. Am not at the Scotch Tavern that 1 
Titeiitif>n.Ki last ni^-ht anci just going to Breakfast.. 
AvS p]easant a day as we have had since we came 
from home. 10 o'clock Capt'n Bronson, Adjutant 
Walbridge and I with some others went: all around 
the city of ilontreai. It is a ver^' fine City with 
a wall all Ivound it & a trench without the wall from 
the Bottom of the trench, to the top of the wall is 
about 15 foot the wall is about 2 foot thick the City 
is about 2 mile Long But it is Xarrow perhaps SO or 
100 Hod wide I Eat a pear in the City almost Every 
thing to Be Sold at the market it is a very Bich 
City 7 o'clock at night Been going about the City 
again See Strange things See George the Third, 
i^uij^.y iixuU^ Gi white marble the most Curiotis thinji 
that ever my Eyes Beheld; we Drinkd Some porter 
and went Back half a mile out of the City to our 
Lodging Bet up Something Late and told Stories. 
15th Nov. Got up. Early the ground is Covered 
with Snov,-. ])ad word that it is in general order for 
Every man to Be Ready at 10 o'clock for a march 
to Quebeck That we were to go in Bark Canoes and 
the whole ar]ny was to follow after in Battoes with 
the Cannon and that we v/ere to take the shipping 
that sailed out of this harbor, which lay about 12 
leagues belovr us and it being a very snowy morning, 
our men looked down. Some talked one thing, some 
another. Some said we could go well enough and 
some said we should suffer if we went, and upon the 
whole I. expected that they would raise a mutiny. 
Everithin;;' was in confusion. For my part I was 
very sober to see the confusion we were like to come 
into. After a while new orders came out that we 
must be re-idy to march at 12 o'clock. One Officer 
v.'as running here, another there to get in readiness. 
The men chief'v laid still, and I believe by the motion 
of Things, determined not to go. 11 o'clock fore-noon. 
Word came that all Officers as lovv' as captains to 
meet Gen. Montgomery at his quarters at eleven 

235 



PIARY OF CAPT. JOHS FASSETT, Jk. 

o'clock. At 12 o'clock they net off to see him. They 
arc now gone. Vs'hd.t will bo the event. T know not. 
S:iio\V!> veiy hard and has all day, and looks very 
tedloTS, thongh tJje snow melts almost as fajsi as it 
comes. A snowy night 

16th Nov, Fail- weather but cold. Snow over 
shoes bnt melts away. 8 o'clock Col. Warner's Regi- 
ment all Paraded. The Col. proposed for all that 
/were a mind to go to (Quebec, to foUo-^v liim, and First 
the Capt'ns. Capt'n Hopkins followed the Col. then 
the sub-Lieut. Galnsha and Lieut. vSmith followed. 
Then Capt'n Hopkins tried to see if any men would 
go with him. 3 followed. Lieutenant Galusha tried 
and .5 followed him. Lieutenant Smith tried and 2 
followed him which was all that appeared to go. 
Adjutant Walbridge this miTiutecame to me to warne 
the nieii wilh ikeir j tacks to maicL into tunvn, ai.id fill 
ready for a n ;arch. Wh at is next I know not. 12 o'clock. 
The Gen. had a letter this morning from Col. Eastou 
which informs us that the shipping that sailed from 
this place the other day were going to sail by him, 
and that he fired 7 Cannon Ball thro' the foremost 
of them which damaged her very nnich so that they 
wereobliged all to retreat about 2 leagueswhere they 
ail now lie nt anchor, and we are ordered to march 
to Surrell immediately. I expect to march before 
night. 1 o'clock. All marched into town where we 
waited until dark. Then came word that we must 
march back t(t our quarters, for there were no boats 
for us to go doM-n the river in. Our men all marched 
to their Quarter^ but Lieut. Noble, Serg't Uudd, 
Serg't Graves, Jacob Safford, Alex. Brusli, David 
Prcws'er and T vreiit into a tavern and drank Porter 
and had Brandy sling much as we thought proper. 
Then we all went to our lodgings, after we had con- 
cluded to be ready early in the morning for a march. 
ITtli Nov. AYent early in the morning to the city. 
T bought n])ples, penrs and four Canadian forks and 
one jack knife. Tliere was almost everything that 
one could mention to be sold. o'clock in the morn- 
ing. Concluded to call all the Captains and Sub's 

236 



V/AEXER'S REGIMENT RELIEVED. 

logellier bc4oTigmg to CoL WarnorV. Eegiment for a 
Coauoil. Eesoived to send a petition to Col. Warner 
that we thought it was not propoj' as the circura- 
.stances were, for i7r> to go to Snrrell but to go home. 
[We made choice of Capt'n riopklns, Capt'n Grant 
and Capt'n Bronson io draw the petition, and carry 
to the CoL which they did and we were to meet ngain 
at 2 o'clock and sent to the CoL and Major Safford, 
and desire them to come to our meeting, which they 
did. We presented them tlie petition and they car- 
ried it to the General, and the Gen. gave the CoL a 
pass to return liome with his regiment with an 
answer to his Officers, but the petition with the 
answer and pass will be too tedious to write here. 
Our Company with Chief of the Eegiment set out 
from this place before night and crossed the River to 
I Y>T>r.qri hM CoL Warner, Major Safford, Capt'n 
Hopkins, Adjutant Walbridge and i did not rross 
but vrent into the city and drank eleven bottles of 
porter, then went to the tavern and ate our supper 
of fowl and drinked Cider. 

9 o'clock went to our lodgings. 1 came to the 
house alone where I used to lie v/ifh a houseful, but 
they were all gone over the river. They were all 
abed. I knocked several times before they answered. 
The man got up but there was uo fire in the house. 
He went to the neighbors for some lire, light a candle 
and I sat down to vrriting. The old woman got up, 
fried me some fresh pork and onions, before I took 
notice of what she was about, but I ate the second 
supper with a good stomach as hearty as anybody 
that had not ate for 12 hours. BetAveen 11 and 12 
o'clock at night and now going to bed, bat cannot 
but dread our voyage across the Lake home, but hope 
we shall return with safety. 

ISth Nov. I set out, sun an hour high in the 
morning to go over to Longail, staid at Longail until 
sun hnlf an hour high at night Then Capt'n H'op- 
kins and I put on our packs nnd set out for Laprfdrie. 
I vs'as lame in one foot, but it grew worse. T was so 
lame before v\'e got to Laprairie I thought I should 

237 



DIARY OF CAPT. JOHN FASSETT, Jb. 

nerer get there, but we got there about 7 o'clock at 
night. 

lOtli Xov. PiHiday. I am yet lame, but have 
vseat out foL' n horso to ride to St. Johns. Col. vravTun- 
and Major Safford are jet behind for we left thi*!n 
at Lougail. It is very cold but cloudy. 10 o'clock set 
out from Laprairie on foot. Went 9 miles before we 
stopped. Went into a tavern and drank so small 
beer! Overtook some sleds got our packs carried. 
I grew more lame. Went about 2 miles. Then got 
in to one of the sleds and rid into Eedel's camp. 
Went to see Nathan Euggles. Got some bitters and 
got some dinner or supper of salt poi'k and fresh and 
some Johnny Cakes. Was very glad to see him. I 
hear there are boats to carry us across the Lake. 
Hope v>-e shall get home welk but it seems a caveat 

V» a V Oxj . iVvJxAt Ivi CaAv, jLCv»«-.iiJ. \.i-iv.iN- i^ li. tv.i ,, ^^»^ - 

was sick and had a good Lodging. , 

20l.h Nov. Went early in the morning to St. 
Johns and saw the fort where the Regulars lived so 
long, and every thing looked like destruction. Went 
over the lake to Hazon's house where Nathan had 
been living but had set out for home yesterday was 
a week. Heard this morning that Elijah Story died 
about 12 days ago. He died like a beast; killed him- 
self witli drinkiijg. The last he called for was bread 
and grog, which seemed to be the whole of his desire. 
We areVixing to go home, but whether we shall go 
today, I dont know. We are heating an oven to bako 
some bread. Capt'n Potter, Capt'n Yea), Capt'n 
Bronson and their companies set out today for home, 
and part of Capt'n Fitches Company. The rest are 
going to stay till tomorrow. 

21st Nov. Got up an hour before day. Ate 
some unleavened Bread, and Capt'n Grant set out for 
home, Before light I hear this morning. The enemy 
are very tliick among us. An enemy we have not 
been troubled with. Some call them Bodydice, but 
for all they are so thick as they tell for I have not 
seen anv Vet Col. Warner, Major Safford. Ad- 
jutant Walbridge, Ciipt'n Fitch, ' Lieut. Calnsha, 

238 



thp: start for home. 

Seai'g't Major Hutchi)_is and Mindry others ssei out 
for home about 12 o'clock. Oue Gompauv are left 
bcliind •\vrdiiiig for Cori)ora] Hail. 4 o'clock heard 
ov.v people had taken the A'essel at SurrelL Col. 
CaiJi})beii came to St. Johns and ordered all the boats 
to .stop, and got n^.vay our boat which troubled us 
very much. When we shall get another boat, L 
know not. Jacob Safford received a letter from Mr. 
1). Sail'ord. ^^klajor Safford's wife sent him a letter 
which I got and opened, for th<^ Major had gone for- 
ward. Kead in the letter that all friends were well 
in BenningtoD, except ye Major's wife who had been 
sick 3 weeks. 

22nd Nov. Got another boat. Ai'e fixing of it 
to go home. Ben. AYhipple has had the colic this 
morning very bad but is better. Last night Abram 
uaLiiaway fell uovn stairs, and hurt himself pretty 
much. Cut a hole close by his eye and bruised hira 
considerable, but is better today. After we had our 
Battoes taken from us yesterday, we got a boat to 
cross back again in. We had a barrel of pork in it 
which WG left in the boat all night, and some sails 
that we had got made, but when we got up this 
morning the boat, meat and sails were all gone, and 
we see them no more. What we shall do for meat, 
I dont know. Ten o'clock. Miller, the man we sent 
to Surrell after Corporal Hall came back with heavy 
tidingS; that he left Hall breathing his last breath to 
all appearance. He left him speechless. He brought 
news that Col. Easton and Col. Bedel had taken the 
King's vessels at Surrell which were 11 in number, 
and that they were all gone to Montreal. Said he 
heard that Gov. Carleton and St. Luke had fled from 
the vessels and were taken by the Canadians, but 
they were come to Montreal. Dr. Fay was gone 
there also. 2 o'clock afternoon, set out from Hazou's 
house went to Bt. John's and drawed some provisions 
and rum. The sun an hour and a half high. Set out 
for home, v^ent to an Irishman's house abont 19 
n)iles from St. John's that night go'i there about 11 
o'clock at night. 

239 



DIARY OF CAPT, JOHX FAS8ETT, Jk. 

23d XoY. Set out abont sun rise. Went about 
35 miles to a Louse that was not finished. It is a 
.^;mai] log house. Chimnej^ in the nrlddle, but no roof. 
We built a hre in both fire places. Had a sort of 
floor overhead. Ate Chocolate and unleavened cakes 
for suppper. Very good. Slept very well. The wind 
was against us all the while from St. Johns to this 
place though not very high. 

24th Nov. Set out as soon as it was light. The 
v^'Jnd was high and against us. We bore away for a 
certain island about 5 miles and it was about 11 
o'clock before we got there. V>^hen v/e vrent ashore 
we found it to he a small Island about 3 or 4 acres. 
The timber mainly Cedar, some fir, where we built 
a fire and roasted some rusty rashers of pork and ate 
unleavened cakes. Past noon. Here we are about 
Ci jj-lli. lIvl:! C-im-jerland Point waitin-^ for the wind 
to fall. Y\"hen we shall go we know not. Half after 
one o'clock the wind fell, so v\-e set out again and 
went about 10 miles that night. When we got 
against Colchester Point there came up a squall 
out of the ^^"est, so that v'e were obliged im- 
mediately to turn about, for the Point, which we 
made without much difnculty. Got there before sun- 
set The wind held high all night and until almost 
night the next day. We made good fires but had no 
shelter. I was not well, had colic but got better be- 
fore morning. 

25th Nov. We killed 10 or 12 partridges which 
gave us a very good meal Shot at a mark and some 
went hunting. About 4 o'clock the wind fell, so we 
set out again, steered for Parson's at Shelburn, but 
night came on and it clouded over that it was very 
dark so that we could not see to steer, and we tried 
to make a shore, but it was a very bold rocky shore 
that it was very difficult to land, but we at last got 
a shore, built fires and ate a little unleavened cake 
and cheese and lay down. About 11 o'clock at ni^ht 
Serg't Graves waked ut3 and it snowed and the wind 
blew very hard. He waked us up to go and take care 
of the Battoe, for it was in great danger of staving, 

240 



"POIKT TROUBLE AND DKSTRTJCTION." 

liiid our giiiis and clients were in it. Went down and 
the Battoe was full of water. We got ont all we could, 
but one man had to wade up to his middle in the 
water. M'e had a very tedious night indeed. We 
Lad nothing lo cover us but the heavens and one 
blanket apiece and it i<nowed very hard all night, 
and where we were we knev, not. But the timber 
was girdled where we lay, that we hoped we were 
not far from some house. Our provisions and our 
rum was almost out, but I slept tolerable well. 

2Gth ^S'ov. Sunday. ^Vhen we came to look for 
our guns and packs there were some missing, and the 
Eatteau was gone but we found it washed up ashore. 
We found 5 or G guns in it and one or two i)ack's 
wtished up on shore, that upon the whole we saved 
all our ejects, but the Battoe was stove to pieces and 
woc! crnnr] for nothing?. We then thought proper to 
•see if there was anybody lived in this part of the 
world. Sent 3 or 4 men to see who returned in 2 
hours. Bro't news that we vrere within a mile and 
a half of a house. "We were all rejoiced to hear it 
and made ready for a march, and about 10 o'clock 
wo left the Point Trouble and Destruction, (for I 
dont know what else to call it) and came to the man's 
house, whose name is Smith. We were very glad to 
get here where we are now. It snowed all day and 
was a very cold night but vve had gotten a good 
harbor. 

27 ch. Nov. Stayed here all day. The wind w^as 
very high at north. Very cold, but grew warmer 
in the afternoon. We were short of it for provisions 
but weni hunting, but killed nothing, but we heard 
that Mr. Persons had some of the Couutiy's Pork. 
We sent and got some, and got some potatoes so 
that w^e made out very welL We got some of our 
Hour baked, so that our unleavened bread ceased, 
but we had nothing but bread, pork and potatoes 
three times a day or two times which we pleased, if 
we v/ould go without the three times. In the after- 
noon the wind fell, and three o'clock sent Lieut. 
Noble with two men in a canoe to Crovrn Point to get 

241 



niAKY OF CAPT. JOHN 1 ASSETT, Jk. 

a iUittoe for !*« if tliey could, tor we expected oiii' 
regiment \<ove all tjiere. 

28tb. >:ov. ■Nothing extra. Capt'n Hopkins 
and I and Serg't Graves weut to Mr. Parsons about 2 
miles and caine back at niglit and just as we got 
hack there were two men come from Crown Point in 
a Battoe, which brought news that Col. Warner and 
Major Saifoi'd set out ' for home the iHlth inst. 
These men saw nothing of Lietit, Noble. Vv e are now 
consulting what to do. 

29th iNov, Lieut. Xoble came back last night 
without any Battoes. Bro't News that Col. Warner 
and his Eegiment had gone home which made us 
very uneasy, for they promised to Avait for us. We 
have now a head wind. About 11 o'clock set out 
Peiy augre for Crown Point, but we had to cross the 
Toi-^e first, \\hen we got across the lake there was 
a number of men with the prisoners that were taken at 
SurrelL They were going to have a court martial upon 
Mr. Beman's clerk for being unfaithful to his trust 
for selling liquor and converting the money to his 
own use, etc. Captain Hopkins was president and I 
was one of the members. We condemned him to re- 
ceive 39 stripes on the naked body, and to pay Mr. 
Beman the loss he had sustained by the prisoner. 
After dark we set out and went about 8 miles up the 
Lake on the Went side and went ashore where we 
fared very welL 

30th' Nov. Tiie wind held against us. 10 
o'clock we set otit, rowed up the Lake about 3 miles, 
then hoisted sail an<l tried to make Split Rock which 
was about 3 miles oh', but we could not. The wind 
was so hard against us. We tacked away into the 
Lake and then back again and got but 100 rods in an 
hour and a half. Then we rowed up the bay west 
of Split Kock and ran ashore where we now are, 
without provisions or rum. A little before sunset, 
bought half bushel potatoes, and ate them without 
bread or meat, and at daylight down the wind fell 
and we set out and rowed to Grogg Harbor, about a 
mile south of Split Rock and the wind blew up in the 

242 



iiEACHES. HOME. OFF AGAIN. 

soutii SO we ^vere obJiged to put ashore. The .snow 
was over shoes. We went to making fires. It was 
very coid and tedious, but ai'Ler uur lires burned up, 
we lay down and slept some, but it was very cold. 

Dee. 1st. Set out half an hour before day. Got 
to Crown Point about 12 o'clock. Got some Kum and 
a good dinner, and sun an hour high set out for 
Ticondaroga. Got there about nine o'clock at night. 

Dec. 2nd. Drawed 6 days provisions and Ivum. 
Got our discharge and after noon set out for Scheens- 
borough in a boat, but soon turned back for the lake 
Was covered vdth ice, that we could not go up the 
Lake. We then crossed the lake against Ticon- 
daroga and took the woods. Lay in the woods all 
night. 

3d Dec. Got as far as Boardmans, Hebberton. 
To/ior.ri there 4th of Dec. went to old Mr. Howe's, 
Putney, Lodged there 5th Dec. Weut i.^ Col. V/arn- 
ers. Lodged there the 0th December. Our horses 
were brought to us. Rode to Abel Hawdey's. Lodged 
there. 

7th Dec. Got home about sunset. 



And Feb. 22nd 1776 set out again for another 
campaign to Canada and may God of his infinite 
mercy preserve me. 

Note.— Remainder cf Diary burned. See page rrS. 

243 



W^J^ 









W%ij '^^ ^ Ip) M 

C0S. CH*ftVKr 







/ 




xh-s -hove rougli orawir'.g- is cor'.ed principa'.lv'after a map some ninetv 
years old- It is rot drawn t._. anv- ^cale and altUoLifeh it Tr.av not be sccurale i't 
will serve to §!ve an idea of tiie different local ties ine.uioacd in thia book. 

245 



Portrait^ 

of 

Some of the Descendants 



In the coitcfUon :if portmi/.i. nour </»■ yepresenifil hvt ihilrlrrn, i/rand- 
f'hiklrt'ii and r."-fol-:/n!n<;-chihlrcn of tl^f wnevaUon Vi irhi-'h i:it,o/ialrt FoV-tt 
i;74T-i---i ur.l John /■.,•.<.<(•?/..//•. ii74.-,-iSo5) belonged. I! /.v ntit irithin (he .?r.,pc 
0/ thi.s ii-ork to /■"irh upoit ffip f/rc'it-f/reaf-f/i-tnuf-rhi'drrn . rither in the 
idiifticU'iyis Of Ihc fji iiealogirs. 

J/ani/ tij til'- piirtruils an' ),'j)rodtietioii.i <>/ phut i{i'-ii pits inKin irht'ii 
phoi-irrnpihi/ u">t Id ir.'- in/aucp. Sfrri-(d. arc enlurijtminls jrtDn very xino'i 
'.;<(/ tniich jad'd Ukmcssis. uhich fact uh.ne .shuidd exhancr their value. 

yo portri:il.'< iriil apjxar in Ihr /.■ le ,;jj,it.\- intruded jur public librarir.x. 



1! 



^ '•-. I 



Pkrsis Fa>;si;tt fFoi.r.ETT! 
1, I7'57-I"i4yi. Seepage 15 j. 



Ur. John I-assi.tj 
■t'xj-iSs.;!. Seepage 






m^ ^^ 



Ok AN tOLLKTT 

i7yS-i?94~'. Sec page lo! 



r- _^it^4_XL:.-^ 



KH)1 KI<-K t-o! I hi I 



•--:^-«fe.; 



J 



m;oi- [S631. See past- 77. 



.4* -4 






/>^ 







.K^iI^•A WulinWOKTU | I'ol. !,K IT | 

' i79'i-i^t..v. Set- p-dgv 77. 






H-'X 



L... 



LlKANIA WINXUF.LI. 'tUi 

11707-1869'. Seepage 




r ^ 



L 



^li^i^ k)^L 



HaHKV FnLLKTT 



HLIZABi.lll F-OLLETf iWonDWORTH; 

lT-97-ivSj', Seepage^.. 






V !%■ *:\ 






fe^S.1^ 



Strong Clakk 
7y2-iS74i. See page 



Hannah Koi.i.ett iCi.ARKi 
' ivij). See pag-e si. 



L_...:^;.. 




L 



rf- ^ 






. -^ 

i^! 



^._i..-'«^-i- 




Joi.-N Parkku 



l'KK<IS I'OLl.KTT ll'AKKl 

., 1S09-1S93I. Seepage ^.; 




L^jMl. 



■ -n 4^ • 


! 
1 




% 


^ ^ 


'4 


} •••■ \ 


^T' 


■ w^-^:- 





Jami;s i'oi 1 7-1 1 
^''lli See p<.gc ij. 



lANE COMIXi.S [FOI.I.KTTI 

i^l6-ibD4.) Sft page -5. 



'mm^ 




^~. ^ 









fe^*-A.,N5:Lu::»'^i.^- r:i>-L_^.-i; 



I)K. Hakrv Fas-! tt 
.1794-157^.. See pjiift.- !57 



CI.AU1S;;A I'KCK. fKASSKTTi 

Uv:>j-iS9oi. See page 157. 



r;p^^':f^^^ 



% ^-li 



\~^^4 



\- 



^A ->^'^^"^ 






...J 



i_j._.i 



■.LIAS T-ASSKTr 

-■ 1. See page 



jKRi SUA MrNsiix IFassf.ttI 
sec pag-e 15^. 



-^t 




■x. William I'arrak hMiin. I . S. A. 
See page i&y. 



HrNjAMiN 1JE^CI^•G Hopkins 
iiSj4'. Sec page i^S. 



■m 






. J 



, .J 



LMMn. 



JO.SEl'H ElLICOTT FOI 

iiSi'i-iS'jji. See pagi 



CAPT. Fur.DLRICK }"Ot.LETT 

id. 1^69?'. See pages 109 



•. S. A. 
d 110. 



263 




See page so. 



IR\H JANI.ITE VoLI-i fl 11 

1 1^451. bee page i>6, 



AXDRI U 


C<.:.% 


i.vr.N 




-r<.4 


Betsp:v Ji.w 


■:tt [ 


i'.A^KKt 


^K; 


,Co.v 


(17>4-IS64 


See 


page 


S b4 


ami 



_ 




/ 




>,.^ ^, 




^;:.>^„;-^ 


l^-:v^. 


i^k&ai^^^. 


...cJ^ 



Sarah Amf.lia I-oli,ett iBt t. 
ii8:o-T'>Mi. See page no. 



Benjamin Franklin TuI-lett 

See p:*ge i : j. 





:rick: Kollktt Bi'ki 
"55s'. see page 110. 



Sir.'McrR JOI.LKTT 

See page no. 



1 



C': ." ^' 



■■> 



Harriet I-OLi-ErT IJewett] 
(iSiS . See page 7S, 



Hon. C h a i; 1, r. ,'^ >■' o ; i. k t r 
(iSio). See page ;*. 



^ 





^ ^i^M 


-*f. 


- 


1 .*i^ 


.1 

3 





I>R. ALFRED FOLLETT 

1 18 -'-'I. Sc-e page 7S. 



I'lDELIA. F(JLLKT-r [KohEJ 

US241. Sec pagi; 79. 



,^ r^ 




IIl.X. M.AKTl.X L'HWi.V iuLl.KTl 

ViSafj'. Set pajji.- 79. 



GLOia.i I 01.1.L1 



V, \ 



■LjL.'aiBij.i 



X 




H ( ) N . J U f ! .S F \ .-,.-, !■. . T t-o L I. h T r 

(,18311. See page 79. 



ArsTi.v \\ iLi.tv l-OLLi-.r I 
1 '.S331. Sfc pag-e 79. 




L_^ 



Hu>. Ammi i-ui,r.),ii 
!iS25!. See page 79. 



NORMAX FOLLfTT 

^27-15901. See pagre 79. 



L...A_.. 



JlKNRV FlTLH I-"i.L!.;;!r 
iSi4i. See page v;. 



..-^.^ 



-I- <*^ --- ^^ 



Kli/.a WoumvoixiH iFi.kekI 
iiSjo-i^oi . Ste page ^i. 









L (_'■_ [.IT i' 

See pagi; S,; 






tsiii*©t«.ei&. '.Wv* ■ 



.4^ 



Lewis Foi.lkit 
' iH4o'i. Sec page ><: 




ftf 



fcstiSiiAi^e'j. 



IIA jEANIvrri. :-OLI.ETT ISfUNKl A.AIANDA KASSKTX [Ul/NLKWl 

.I'^io.. .'.ce i>age S3. See pag-e i.sy- 




L.. 



"'-■^x 






h 


/*-•-. 




K- 


1 






.^:. 



^^. 



fe.^ 



4>r 



Elam Dewky Parker 
1S39!. See page S5. 



Chari.es Delavan Parker 

■. lb.u-iSy4). See page- S5. 



Index of Names 



in the 



Fo!iett-.«"I)eweyr-Fassett— Safford 
Hopkins™Robinson-«ray 

GeneaioEY and History 



As published January 1, 1S96 
Harry Parker Ward 



f 

This Index omits names of such early settlers, soldiers aud public nif^n as a; 
not co-nrieek-d by ir.arringc with the above faruiliea. 



CilAMPLlN PiiESS 
COLUMBUS O. 

4s m^ 



INDEX 

FOLL,KTT I--OLLETT 

Ahf'l. Gl „, ' 

.rin-j.iL :"■) .iani.s 1\. ]3, 61 / 

-vhner, ■20. 21. ^:3 .:.x:.-:-. ':\-,.}\s.ii\, S6 

Abraham, 1^. J d. 19 .Itru.ha, Ju 

Alfrorl, 78 ."lolMi, .1.-, iG, V', 20, J I, 6^,, >■ 
.•miU;u, 7:' "^S, :>:•. 1"'-. _■--' V- ' . '. , ..^ ..,, 

Amos, 24 JoliH I'y-iSiTL. 'J-, ol-". . , ,h, (■', -^ ' 

Anna, i'O, 23 .lohn lion'-j, i10 

Austin "Willey, 7:i Jonathan, 15 

Joseph, 2'.i, L'L, 2S 

Benjamin, 15. 16. 19. '.:0. 21, 22, 2;^. .Joseph K.. i:), 21, 2ri, ■■/.K '..'0, Lul. j" 

24, 25, 26. 27, 28, 2^, Si\ :;1. i.05, lOG 

82. 33, 34. ST, 30, 4.5, 60, ij-l, Julia, ei 

65, 6S. 61', 87, 89, 90, lOu, 101. in. 

116, 151 Kate. 109 

J3enjai!un KrankKn, 13, ^3, 110 Kathaii'i' K' 
Het.'r^c.v, 61, 64. SO; 81 

Lovi - 1j- 

ralist.1 Ann, 80 ] ev nia "n ^ 

('assius ray. SO 1 u - -? 

Charlt-s. .•?:. 5;i, 64, 6";. TS, S3. 117, 17: 1 ^ I 

l.:,l, 152 1 1 '-I 'c. r ^0 

Ctiailes r>., Dij I \ '' ii -o 
Charles K. 61 

C'laiiTicey, 110 ■ A'litnH S^ .,,.,.; 



1: . 112 



I s 1 



l>f>xTec, ii. 1 'T ' '.■ ■ :■ /; 

l.wiSMl. S:; SI 8 V V V ?>>.,^o s:.. !<>.- 1_J 

■"1 < J IS 131 i>J l->2 los. 1.2. J^ 

E!ia;.;, SO M^rtm P o 

Klii.haleu 21. 23. 24. 37, S?. ilS. ir A i " ( 

4ft, 50. .t'i, ."'h, .5:f, 6'), 61 ( 1 11 2.5, ^,i. 1"J 

f.3. 64, SI, S2. Sit. :iS, lib. 11 ^id \ 

151, 152 A ^ il ^ 1 
.Kliza. l<n 

WA\y.a Ward, lt)2 N uic ^ 1 

i:ii:;a;'^th. 20, 37, RO, ol. 5',<. ^^4, v ^atc^ 1 i'p 1' 

llrt. 117. ''8. 121 ^ hin i 1^1 

Klh.-n Betse--, f-<) Ntr n^ ^ t> 

iOunicf, 24 , Noima-i 

Karviie. &3, S.: ni ^ pi «. . , „ ., 

Fa.' (:\!?iiinss^. !ii' '>i<if^ J' * ^ ^''^ ''^-- "■"'■ ■"■' 

I-iflelia, 7;j l05 l' 

V.,--f.->r M.-irs.-. f''l, l.'.i" 

Ko.-tfv \ah?ntjne, 107 I at en-^e lo 2*" 






8.', 90. 

■ 00, .1; 



Hanna;., 15, 1'.. 20, 21, 25. ■;' 
iiS, 71J. 74, :o. 81, 82, li7, 
!3''. 150. 151. 1S2 

Hi-rmah Persis. 86 

ffhTvjt^t. rs 

iUvTv. 0-i 6S, iO 
H.^U.;, 11j7 

H. •,!■'.•. K' ,;i, 80 

Hr.^.V }'iW h. SO 

^Jt-•rKi.^n. 20, 21, 23 
iiov i-a-'j, v ; 

Trent-, 20 

i^-uat. 15. 16. 17. 20. lOS 

•) W.. 2;. 22. 23 

•'■ ;..--, ::7, .V , ^i. c\<^ (i!. ti! 
o4, t.). £.6, .^ •", li?-, loO, 151 



1 V 

1 ^c 



1NI1KX-. Continued 

L)KWi:i- DKVVKV 

.N'-iyaii. 1 •■ ;:. L-oan. 122 

/. -.11, 113 Lucrctia. lltJ 

Lucy. 1?2 

Be:iy:'n'S, 131 Mars.trc-t, 13.'.. 122. \y.< 

.,. , -,,,..•,>, ■ Martin, llfi^ IT?. 

Ciiarles. 14. 11. J, ] 14 Marj-, US 

Claret, 122 ^Telvi). 1 !. IM 

l.ninil, llo :.nn-lv--]', "l?2, ITi: 

K'Uvard ni Ui-viUe. 11^ 

i.idaii, 122 

j;i!j;ili. 322, i2S. j2y. t:,, I2:i. ]:U, ISJ 

206 
Klizabelh. 2.7. O'V .M. ] 1 fi, 117, 121 



inct-.s Clailv ". i: 



George (y-ee liis fcrotliyr ChailtS) 
Groce, 116 



riiyansi, 122 
I'lina, 122 

U->:trra, 115 
Jlhoda, llo, r 
liuth. 12::. IS 







-• 




Sarah, 115, 1 
Sila.s, 11?/ 
Simeon, 114 
t^tc!-.h<^n, i;.", 


11 "... 

17f., 


116. 

IS 9, 


117. 


i21, 

irn. 


Tabitha, 122 

Thr.a:cu-. rr... 



.7: liK^ :. 115 

.)e..lc-liali, 51. ii:-.. 

122- 12n, 12S, 

105, ICj. lys William, ill 

.lo.<i3ah, 113. Ill 
.Tulia, 122 
.I;;liU3 Yvrsoan?: 114 Zeniicb, 115 



eP.jamiri, h.;, 12.? 12' 
is:\ J'-'S 



r>avii=. 125 •!-:. 
r'iity s.. i:.g 

inias. 13, 14 1: 
1^5. 35- i: 

r:;;a- Vv<a<. 15: 
nii-ha H.. \-3?. 
T'vtlina. 153 



1 St. 1 !•■, 1 IS, 11!'. 150. 15:;, 1, 
151, 155, 15^;, 15S, 159, 1H0, 1- 
165, K;:. 168. ir.'i, 171, 17fi, T 
'OS -^O'l "iO 1^2. 183. 1S9. 19'. l'^4, 1h5, i; 

■ ■ ' ' 207, 20S, 2f'9, 21 I. 2i1 

.ToVin Klias, 155 
.lohn Li.. 153 
.,12.. 131.156, -"^^y^^' ^25. 127, 12.. 13.) Kl, 2^ 
.To.-i--uii. 124. 12 5. li;-, i.-!., IT 2 
.Tosiah. 121, 5 25 



Mabol Iv'iraiTi. i;j.> 
3r.ary, 125, IS I. 183 
Mary Ahna. 155 

Nathan. 130. 2'"iS. 209 

Xat*.ara.--1. 12) 

Xoah Ci'-ittend^ri. l.'l 



John. 1! •;'. ■:". ■■'■■. 11 

■ 125. 12rt. 127. 12>:. ir 

l:-!, 1-'. ]?,'■., 'VJ, 1 ' 



ia!i. 1 
1 5^ 



INDEX-CoT^Hnued 



S AFFORD S.\VV0\:L> 

Alj;;,;i:l, lUU. itil It's KUhini, lii^ 

A Urea Gieeley, 13, IG], 102 

Alvin, 17.-! i.Mpy, HV-'. l'-' 

.v.riielia, iuo Lydin, 171. IS:' 

Anna, 12.'\ 15-:>, lv!'>. l-^o, ItiS, l>>:t, !V*i. 

171.. 182 ^farcy, 16i 

Margaret, li<o 
Mary, 16::, l(j:?, lt>? 

207; ',»'.\ 210 Oel. 171 

Or-si-'Ti, 170 

!■;;", 1 i;ii .rvei.cr-ca ig;; 

Uubv, J70 
iriub, 16S 

Salmon, 208 

t^amiioi. 11'!;, i:;:i. iii, i-(2, k: 

i.-i 1,;-. li;7 -07 167, 173, 176, 182, 202 

"■ " ' ■ ' Horah, li>0, IS?., Idfi 

f!olomc<n, IGO, 171, 17r! 
1:'7, !:!2. 15ii. ii;'i. Submit, 170 
^'■'■_^''*^,'i;, '.:'^; ||i^ Thunias, 161, 1C2, 16:!, ^04 

o's, 'fos^'"' ' "^' "' %\'. R, lt;2 

Wiiiii-ia, li, 16i, 16r;. 1<^4 



•1 all;; 


P, IH2, 173 




1 'lara. 


loS 




1 >a.vi.l, 


127, 270, 




r.lccla 


, IGi 




ivifk. 

Esthei 


eti:, l!il, 1 

170 
f, 16it. 172, 


'J2, 1 
181 


ITnnrui 


ih, 132. 3 7: 


1 


1 :'nb. 


171, 173 




2<"| 


:>. 210 

.1 r,s 


I'i.b 


.)<.•-. 1.. 


', 51', -i:-!, 


12 2. 


it 


;. 102, t' 
-.N. Hir-. ]7o 


. 171 

ii. i;j 



.I.ioatliaT., 17< 
I 1 .Jowr-,h, 171 

J i i n i;;, 1 i. iJ7, 73. 7S, >;7. 

It *,. IS' J.ovisa, 177 

, ' ^ :Mary, 17'i 
1 I s :\rai-v- A7:.j. I'li 

I 111 Mu-hat!. 17.- 17G 

i ( ^iTinrlvsU. 177 

;\3ina>vf;;i .llayclen; 122 

r ^ y'oAh, 175 

1 3 n.-nbcn, 1'.-.. 176 

Ko.sweli, i:r, 

lUn s \ 1 1 , il^ ion, i!-.i ?arah. rri, 17S;, ISI, 18: 

,, , - 1 .sila.s. liS 

Stephen, 17 4, 17.7, J7C, 17: 
I ' Siejihen Dewey, 17S 

^Klr ■> ) .1.8 Wait. 177 

J "V\>ii<-iit. 7IG. 117. 122, 1 

J ■! s 17C. 17,-, TSJ, lOl 



Marcy, ifi!'. 172, 1S2 
.M;i,rv. is:; 

Af..se.s. 122, 12.?. 127, 143, 
20S 

Xathari, 181 

}';nil, ix- 
ivrsi.:. 173 
rniis-. 17::. is:; 



INDEX- 



ontinucfi 




FAY 




.Taiiui.^, 1S4, 196 




Jolm. 128, 131, iOl, 17?., 


1H4, ISo, IS; 


100 




Jonas, 129, 148. 161. 177. 


;:-h, ISl). 1.}' 


101, 195 




Joseph, 113, lis,. 173. U.2. 


. 1S5, 186 


Josiah, 1S9 





Lydia, l?-i 



FAY ' 

Benjamin, i:<l, IS 2, ISl, 18S. 1S6 
Bevilah, 185 

Ohallis. 1S9 
Clarlotte 1S2 

iJ-.Viu. 17:5, 5S4, iSi 

T^e^n-eranre, 1S4 . ^^^^.^. ,,,_ ,g^^ .^^ ,5,. 

^-'"^' ^'' Mfcilita;-,!, IS-i 

Kiijah, 173, 3V5 Xathan 167 

Kunice, 1S4 l'ol!\-. 3S9, 190 

Ezra. 182 

Kuth, IS I 

Grffi!;orn. 184 Paimu-1, l.'^.l, 1M2, 18t 

Sarah, 3 77. ISL', 1«!'. i:)0. 191 
. ' . - Stephen, 1S1, ).-::;. 1S4. 1S;.3, 186, 18; 

Heirian ,-Uleii. IS;.). 190 . Sukf-.y, 189, 190 

OTHEK NAMES 

CAfiTLV.. W. A.. 15S / .: ■•* 

Mr.s. Vv'in. .A., 1 :. 1-^8 
C.-VDY, Aiuas-A. 166 

<'"ornfljUS. 166 

Cvi-us. 166 

■loso. ]6C 

Lucy, 1G6 

Sullivan. 166 

Sybil. 166 

VValtei-. 166 
CHASE. ^Farv, ir,4 
CHILD. Kiich. J 8-:. 185, ISi: i'lO 
,, CinT-).EX.Oi:K, Kanrcrfh, 14H 

^- :\rariiri. ]r>0. J pS, t;9;; 

Xoa!i, 140. 150. 207. 208, 20:-, J 

Th&iiia.-;, 130. IS 2. 14:^. 347, lAS 
ir,<). 1.56, 158, 208 

Thomas .JerTei'Son. lyS 
Cl-AKK, Frances. llS, J14 

Hannah, 48, -50, nl. 60. 1. 6S, 7 



si 

I ! ]■ 



1 i^l^ I 1 1 


s 


ul 11 ^li 1 ^8 




\LJa \ Tour 


89 


\T 1 I \ Lti- r 




V, » ) J 1 'V 1 r 




^ I \ ijvj I ^^LV^ 


el 1 > 


\\ E 1 \. ixfcv 1 


|> 


H\l <X CK ( i' > 


<■) 


1 VON Dr C 


l\ji 10 


} \ kLC To to 


t J 


l{\i L 1" amen 


1O2 


^1.- r V 1 


" 10_ 


> il Tcti in" I > 


'KM 1 


r-r I T 


z h t 


> . I Vlfi 1 


V 


Ml fJ-- Colon. 1 


1^ 


) n)o.s ±) Ju 


1 


T ^ V l^dnl 


^ ! - 


nf->- LI x^ii 


V. ""1 ■> 


1 A .. P 1 - 


6 


L 1 \iaI-»> f .. -> 


1- 


Kn^rr r hu -^ 


I lu. 


1 \ \ " 


' t 



75. 77. SI. 
Joseph. 114 
?,ravy. 114 


.6,1. 


lO. 17 


i. 17."., 


oisis. 8; 

Sfo:VJ. SI 
CUMIXG^-, Ai 
Benjinriin, S 
lieisev JtW: 
Hem ■^ . 114 
Mrs. Henry 
.Ip.v.o. X.5 
V.-ill!.^.--,. A., 


liflrev,-, 36 
ett. 84. 87 

13. 86 
Walao F. 


10- 


1 •> )•; \ ^. . ■ ; , ■ 

DUXM-^-y. 1: 
FJl.; 1 ■/' 


holas. 
\rary, 

. 10;; 

:;;a.s, 1 


157 
61 

19 

:.';9 




Kai... FVi 








EDOKPTOV. 


Friaa. 


l:ii. 


190 


FT"': 

FiL;:;- :■ 
fl;;:::-:, F:. 


, . I'k! 


"10.3 ■ 


!, 196 



INDEX— Continued 



Ttioniris Jeffersoi!, l^.O 

'friinian. 149 
.'UOliMAIX, I'arker, 137 
C.Ol^T. Mrs-., 711 
,j;:i:r.X, :?".-- Min:i.h Ka^-itl, 

HAG AN, Annie \\'., IK' 

.•^uriih O., no 
})Ai;iii:TT, "VVilliain, 16 
WAlir-rXG!-:, Mary. 15 7 
tlAKins-. Israel. T.>r» 
HAKWUOD, EleuXL-!-. I'-O 

Peler, J!>3 
IIASWKLL, Mrs. Sorah V.o'n: 
HA^'\'3.PA\ SuJ^aun;-. Fas.^ett. 
li.vYCt^, Gordon, :t r, I 
Hi:ra-.i:RT, Mary, ll' 

William. IG 
)1')\NK, Su.sannah. 18! 
lU'KPELL. Aaron, 12:1 

lii Iliad, lao 

JKAVKTT. Betsey. S:!, S4. S 
j-:!-lwar<i, St 
Kloni, SI. 123 

Allied. SI 
Jeroiniiah. 84 
.Icseph, S4 
Thomas, 12." 



l-fenrj- Martin, Sa 
.fane Elizal'Oth. Sfv 
.Tohi!. 67. SS, 84, >>.S. 120 
.ra.se I >h. 8.3, S4 
Marv .10h;inj,'a, 85 
]>ersi.s FoUtett. 53. 61. 04 
PKf'i\, R.-iiiitmin,- 157 



Xiilhanitl, 114 
PLATT, (Saraln M 
107 

William, 107 
PONO, Clrtri.'-..'<a. 80 

Kxekiel, 80 
PRATT, .Sanuu-!, 10? 

Timothy, l.j-> 

KKAD, I!;.i?>nr^h, 20 
REYXOLiT'S, Betsey 

Fauuy, 5 IJ 

Henry, 50 

M,.i-t:n, oii 



IviXO,^-Li;V, Kteisier., 2i>7. SOfi 
i:il;KMAX. Mr.« M. M., 14. l«i) 

i<-V\\T;F.X('i". .lonathan. li!7 

.>iL.ry, l(i7 
i.. ;vu XVoX, John, 9? 
]r.' 'S.\VJ), Marr.'^-, 170 
'.■;\ViS. FrankMn Fo^tf-r. 78 
\.\Sr>)LS, .^araii |--.->Uc«t, S-5, SO 

M.-CAULLFY. Niv^^. Fa If- I'unif^vy. 1" 
MKkllllA., -^■.iiy l'..liv Tloliinscn, IS:- 
MILLP.AXK, Mrs. IClhi iJunlevy, 15;) 
M!L;L,F.U. Mrs.. •^■' 
MOXTAGCE, Anna, 172 

Olialis, 172 

Dariiis. 172 

f:)izal.ttu. 172 



.- Ll^nio/i, 3 72 
'M'ltSfi, Oharle.-; C 



■Ki.Y. Kiriilaniii!. M< 

';.-vtev, 115 

nS(.)X, Jerusha. 158 



;-v' '■.( I , .M.!-.wi. io^ 

Anna. I'j8 

Jra. lt>S 

.Tonathan, 16S 

Lemuel. I'lS 

Levi. 16S 

Martin. I^S 

Alrlatiah. 16S 

Oliver, 19.3 

Satnuei. 13.3 

>^ai'a!i, 108 
SI:aP..S. Ben.iarnin R., IV 2 
S1:AVER, Mrs. .lame.s. 101 
^'TBLFY, .'^issannah, 10 
SMITH, Aspbol, 160 

Kchvard Ashbel. 163 

Garciner Gregory, i69 

Harritt Arle'la. 100 

Fiaskell (iii!~ori, 100 

.)oVin, 103 

Sara.n Ann. 160 

William F.arrar. 13. lel, I-';: 
SMYTIIF, Arthur Hjrri.^. 10.: 
STOXE. Carlos M., S3 
Sx ROXG, Joanna For.i, il4 

John. 114 
PUTHEKLAXD, Sarah, 107, 1 
SWIP'T, Edw. H., li'.l 

Henuii!. l*t> 

TAYLOR. Eldad. 115 
THOMAS, -Martha, 153 
THTiRNTOX. 0-r>r;jt-. 102 

'!'VF/R ;T'.'N. I i.,'n.;cih. ITS 





i.i.E. t^'=-.!:s.^:- 


U-'tP,--': 


^'- ■"Enon. 8: 


A.-.', ' 


IV : ;■:, .\nna. 



INDEX-Con.;luded 



i:.si.her. 155, li:'> AVOLU^Y. yiiwy, 123 

tlenry, 155, 1.'-.G, liUi. 173 Woi )0. Kb.jnezer. li).i, i:M 

L;ic\-. 156, I'it; \Vi '(.iDWARD, Ifamuih, ': 

S.irah, 15.=., 156, 2o6 M"^>Oi -WOnTH, Aloxunu.i 

Silas, 156, 166 i-i.^t:--ey. 77 

>^ .Um,K'". If3, IGT., 17n >niza. SI 

Frederick, 77 • 

WARD, .Annette J-*i-Vi^i.s, 51 George. 77 

Klisa Gil], 102: l'!l Georg-e Vrash'i.i;t<>n. 77 

JfuGson C, 85 JohJi, 7 7 

Mrs. Martha Boniis, 1112 Mrs. TiumiHi, 51 

V.'ARNElt. .lonalhad, 1 iJ I rer-sir?. 81 

Lydia, 151 RosettJJ, 81 

Sc-tt!. 134, mS, lyS. 215 Sallv. 77 

AVi;.f;STEH, j.saac, ISn Sarah Lemira, 77, 81 

J.-.sefh, 183 Thompson. 77, SI 

AA'EKKS, Susannah, 182 Truman 'i'hon.pson. SI 

\V'r-;j[.,.!^TXGTiJX, IJli/bl-., ;):. 1 S4 .William, 77 

Vjv.:i,-,v;. KJlfi: i''ol!ett. S'^ WOOSTER, Rev., 67 
WI(^KWlR.n:, Joseph, 103 • 'WOTKYXS, EliKaheth, 11 

WILLIAMS. Rfcbeooii. 115 Katherine. 110 

WILMtXGTOX, Elizabeth, 1S5 Livingston, 110 

•OiXCHELL, Lurani.i, 70 AValter Llvinf^stmi. 11'' 






V^ 




■'■fi4 






;''^".5#- 






Ik - 



3223 



.^^