National Farnv/ School Forty-Fifth Annual Report Farm School, Bucks Co., Pa. 1942-43 Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation http://www.archive.org/details/fortyfifthannual1943farm Forty 'Fifth Annual Report OF The National Farm School THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL A School of Scientific and Practical x\griculture Supported Largely by Voluntary Contributions Founded 1896 by Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf Specializes in Training City Boys for Careers in Agriculture Open to Boys 16 Years of Age and Over of All Creeds from All Sections of the L^nlted States FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA 1942 - 1943 Joseph Krauskopf Founder and First President The Joseph Krauskopf Library contains nearly 10,000 volumes in the main section. Adjoining the Library is a room which reproduces in exact detail the founder's library in his former Philadelphia home and contains his jjersonal collection of 7,500 volumes. Louis Nusbaum Fourth President of The National Farm School LOUIS NUSBAUM Farm School's New President The Board of Trustees of The National Farm School announces the election of Doctor Louis Nusbaum, as the fourth president of the institution, effective May 1, 1943. Doctor Nusbaum does not come as a stranger to this new position. He has been intimately and actively associated with the School for the past thirty years as a member of its Board of Trustees, and during most of that period as the chairman of its Educa- tional Committee. For the past five years he has been first vice-president of the School and chairman of an advisory com- mittee composed of nationally-known educators. Dr. Nusbaum succeeds as president Dr. Harold B. Allen, who resigned after four years of service to engage in educa- tional reconstruction for the Iranian government under the sponsorship of the Near East Foundation. Dr. Nusbaum brings a fund of knowledge and many years of experience in the field of education to the work of The National Farm School. At the time of his election as Farm School president, he was associate superintendent of schools of Philadelphia. He is a member of numerous professional organizations ; a member of the Board of Trustees of the Hebrew Education Association, Gratz College, Mt. Sinai Hospital and the Phil- adelphia Health Council, and of the consulting staff of the New Jersey Training School. Temple University, of which he is a graduate, conferred upon him in 1930 the degree of Doctor of Pedagogy. Under his leadership. The National Farm School should become one of the country's most important agencies in help- ing to solve our wartime problems and in aiding in post-war reconstruction. OFFICERS AND BOARD OF TRUSTEES Louis Nusbaum, President Louis A. Hirsch, Vice-President Maurice Jacobs, Second Vice-President Leon Rosenbaum, Treasurer Miss E. M. Belfield, Secretary Joseph H. Hagedorn, Honorary Chairman Board of Trustees Leon Merz, Chairman Board of Trustees Isidore Baylson David Burpee Harry Burstein Horace T. Fleisher Jos. H. Hagedorn Roy a. Heymann Julian A. Hillman Jos. H. Hinlein HONORARY MEMBERS Stanley H. Hinlein Louis A. Hirsch Harry B. Hirsh Maurice Jacobs Chas. Kline Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf M. R. Krauskopf Leon Merz Elias Nusbaum Louis Nusbaum Leon Rosenbaum Edwin H. Silverman Leon Solis-Cohen Philip Sterling Isaac Stern James Work Term Expires 19^3 Sydney K. Allman, Jr. Samuel Cooke Al. Paul Lefton Dole L. Levy Walter Rosskam Harry H. Rubenstein Emanuel Wirkman ELECTED MEMBERS Term Expires 19 UU J. Griffith Boardman Sylvan D. Einstein Lester Hano Mrs. M. J. Karpeles David H. Pleet Israel Stiefel Max Trumper Term Expires 19^.5 Edwin B. Elson Benjamin Goldberg S. S. Greenbaum A. Spencer Kaufman Theo. G. Rich Nathan J. Snellenburg Edwin H. Weil Alumni Representatives Morris R. Blackman David Platt WOMEN'S AUXILIARY COMMITTEE Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf, Chairman Mrs. Theodore Netter, Treasurer Mrs. David Frankel, Secretary Mrs. a. J. Bamberger Mrs. Henry S. Belber Mrs. D. T. Berlizheimer Mrs. Leon Cohen Mrs. Sol Flock Miss Belle Floersheim Mrs. Sig. Guggenheim Mrs. Hiram Hirsch Mrs. M. J. Karpeles Mrs. Carrie Kaufman Mrs. a. M. Klein Mrs. M. R. Krauskopf Mrs. a. Marks Mrs. J. P. Morrison Mrs. Abraham Orlow Mrs. Samuel Paley Mrs. Wm. Pleet Mrs. Maurice E. Stern Mrs. Albert M.Greenfield Mrs. Sidney Lowenstein Miss Helen L. Strauss, Director of Public Relations 6 NATIONAL BOARD OF STATE DIRECTORS ISAAC STERN, New York City. ActinK Chairman Edmund H. Abrahams, Savannah, Ga. B. Abrohams, Green Bay, Wis. Sam Albrecht, Vicksburg, Miss. Henry A. Alexander, Atlanta, Ga. Arthur A. Aronson. Raleigh, N. C. Marcus Bachenheimer, Wheeling, W. Va. Melvin Behrends, Washington, D. C. Dr. Henry J. Berkowitz, Portland, Ore. I. W. Bernheim, Denver, Col. W. P. Bloom, Tuscaloosa, Ala. R. D. Blum, Nashville, Tenn. S. B. Brunwasser, Pittsburgh, Pa. Edgar M. Cahn, New Orleans, La. Gabriel M. Cohen. Indianapolis, Ind. Juluis L. Cohen. Superior, Wis. Louis Cohen, Ft. Smith, Ark. Miss Felice Cohn, Reno, Nev. Herman Cone, Greensboro, N. C. Allen V. deFord, Washington, D. C. Max de Jong, Evansville, Ind. Carroll Downes, Jr., Kansas City, Mo. Nathan Eckstein, Seattle, Wash. Samuel Edelberg, Saranac Lake, N. Y. Herbert U. Feibelman, Miami, Fla. Rabbi J. B. Feibelman, New Orleans, La. Rabbi A. J. Feldman, Hartford, Conn. Stanley Frank, San Antonio, Tex. A. Frankel, Sr.. Des Moines, la. Ike L. Freed, Houston, Tex. Max Friedwald, Billings, Mont. Louis M. Fushan, Pittsburgh, Pa. Judge Edward I. Gleszer, Bangor, Me. Milton D. Greenbaum, Baltimore, Md. N. Greengard, Mandan, N. D. S. Gugenheim, Corpus Christi, Tex. Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg, New York, N. Y. Judge Samuel J. Harris, Buffalo, N. Y. Sieg. Harzfeld, Kansas City, Mo. Hugo Heiman, Little Rock, Ark. Harry Hirsch, Toledo, O. Wm. L. Holzman, Beverly Hills, Cal. Robt. W. Isaacs, Clayton, N. M. Simon Jankowsky, Tulsa, Okla. Carl H. Kahn, Chicago, 111. Thos. Kapner, Bellaire, O. Edmund I. Kaufmann, Washington, D. C. Howard Kayser, Minneapolis, Minn. Samuel E. Kohn, Denver, Col. Daniel E. Koshland, San Francisco, Cal. Rabbi Isaac Landman, Brooklyn, N. Y. G. Irving Latz, Ft. Wayne, Ind. Isidore Lehman, Jackson, Miss. Jos. G. Lehman, Dayton, O. Bernard Levitt, Wichita, Kan. Dan A. Levy, Fort Worth, Tex. Dr. I. H. Levy, Syracuse. N. Y. M. Lipinsky, Asheville, N. C. Alex. Lischkoff, Pensacola, Fla. J. H. Loveman, Birmingham, Ala. A. L. Luria, Reading, Pa. H. A. Mackoff, Dickinson, N. D. Herbert Marcus, Dallas, Tex. Ben. H. May. Oklahoma City, Okla. Isaac May, Rome, Ga. Jewell Mayes, Richmond, Mo. Sam Meyer, Meridian, Miss. William Meyer, Butte, Mont. M. G. Michael, Athens, Ga. L. Migel, Waco, Tex. Abe Miller, Chicago, 111. Louis Mosenfelder, Rock Island, 111. Herbert A. Moses, Sumter, S. C. N. Murov, Shreveport, La. Chas. Nussbaum, Pittsburgh, Pa. Michael Panovitz, Grand Forks, N. D. Dr. I. E. Philo, Youngstown, O. Judge Max L. Pinansky, Portland, Me. Myron Porges, Pocatello, Idaho James A. Pratt, Loch Raven, Md. Chas. S. Rauh, Indianapolis, Ind. Hiram S. Rivitz, Cleveland, O. Alex Rosen, Bismarck, N. D. Bernath Rosenfeld, Tucson, Ariz. Arthur Rosenstein, Boston, Mass. Emil Rosentock, Sioux City, la. Dr. Henry Ross, Brooklyn, N. Y. Dr. Leo S. Rowe, Washington, D. C. Samuel Rudley, Philadelphia, Pa. Oliver R. Sabin. New York, N. Y. Henry Sachs, Colorado Springs, Col. Judge S. B. Schein, Madison, Wis. Charles Schoen, Cedar Rapids, la. Dr. Laurence Selling, Portland, Ore. Max Semel, New York, N. Y. David Snellenburg, Wilmington, Del. Morris Stern, San Antonio, Tex. Samuel Stern, Fargo, N. D. Edward Stiles, Montpelier, Vt. Bertram A. Stroock, Newburgh, N. Y. Milton Sulzberger, Providence, R. I. Louis Tober, Portsmouth, N. H. Louis Veta, Cheyenne, Wyo. Eugene Warner, Buffalo, N. Y. Jerome A. Waterman, Tampa, Fla. Adolph Weil, Paducah, Ky. Isadore Weil, Montgomery, Ala. Herschel Weil, Lexington, Ky. Lionel Weil, Goldsboro, N. C. Morris Weil, Lincoln, Neb. Leo Weinberg, Frederick, Md. Henry Weinberger, San Diego, Cal. M. J. Weiss, Alexandria, La. S. D. Wise, Cleveland. O. NEW YORK COMMITTEE Lester J. Alexander Hon. William D. Baer Samuel Berliner Walter Hart Blumenthal H. H. Butlef Hon. Abram I. Elkus Joseph Engel Manfred Goldman Rev. Dr. Israel Goldstein Frederick William Greenfield Dr. Louis I. Harris Dr. Herbert M. Kaufmann Rev. Dr. Nathan Krass Hon. Herbert H. Lehman Hon. Samuel D. Levy Leopold J. Lippmann Dr. Louis C. Lowenstein Jesse J. Ludwig Benjamin Mordecai Rev. Dr. Louis I. Newman Hon. Algernon I. Nova Hugo H. Piesen David L. Podell Louis P. Rocker Sidney R. Rosenau Aaron Sapiro Otto B. Shulhof Sigmund Stein Isaac Stern Rev. Dr. Nathan Stern Hon. Aaron Steuer Bertram A. Stroock Benjamin Veit Jerome Waller Rev. Dr. Stephen S. Wise Isidore Witmark FACULTY Louis Nusbaum, B.S., Ped.D. (Temple University), President William O. Strong, B.Sc. (Cornell University), Dean of Agriculture; Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds; Farm Management Samuel B. Samuels, B.Sc. (Massachusetts State College), Director of Domestic Department, Director of Athletics, Purchasing Agent; Rural Sociology Samuel J. Gurbarg, B.A. (University of Pennsylvania), LL.B. (Temple Univeisity Law School, Director of Student Relations J. Claud F. Strong, A.B. (University of Delaware), Secretary to the President; English Maud Briel Maines (Drexel Institute), Librarian Walter J. Groman (The National Farm School), In Charge of General Agriculture Department; General Agriculture and Farm Machinery Joshua FELDSTEiN(The National Farm School) , Assistant, Farm Machinery David M. Purmell, B.Sc. (Michigan State College), In Charge of Fruit and Vegetable Department; Horticulture Solomon Leon Soskin (The National Farm School), Assistant, Fruit and Vegetable Department Herman G. Fiesser (Gartenbauschule, Geisenheim, Germany), In Charge of Landscape and Floriculture Department; Landscaping Herman Wilensky (The National Farm School), Assistant, Landscape and Floriculture Department; Floriculture Leroy W. Ingham, B.Sc. (University of Nebraska), M.Sc. (University of California), In Charge of Animal Husbandry Department; Animal Husbandry Philip Ellman, B.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agriculture), Assis- tant, Animal Husbandry Department; Creamery Management and Dairy Products Wesley Massinger, D. V. S. (New York University), Veterinarian; Veter- inary Science Floyd Cook, Herdsman Samuel H. Meisler, B.Sc, M.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agricul- ture), In Charge of Poultry Department; Poultry Husbandry Leo Perkes (The National Farm School), Assistant, Poultry Husbandry. Henry Schmieder, B.Sc, M.Sc (University of Pennsylvania), In Charge of Apiary; Natural Science OTHER STAFF MEMBERS AND AGRICULTURAL SERVICE STAFF Herman Silverman (The National Farm School), Manager, Roadside Market Eva R. Hobbs, R.N., Resident Nurse John J. Sweeney, M.D. (Hahnemann Medical College), Physician Lieutenant Joseph Frankel (Director of the Philadelphia Municipal Band), Band Master and Musical Instructor Leonard Rose (The National Farm School), Assistant, General Agriculture Leonard Martin Dansky (The National Farm School), Assistant, General Agriculture William J. Wilkinson (The National Farm School), Assistant, General Agricultui-e Norman G. Myers, Mechanic; Farm Carpentry 8 Keeping faith • • • • • • •••*• with america "*■ Fighting men must have plenty of food. People behind the lines must eat to turn out the needed equipment. Our Al- lies must have food to keep fighting and working. Food is needed to feed the hungry peoples in the countries which will be freed from Axis domination, "Food ivill ivin the war and tvrite the Peace!" The National Farm School realizes the importance attached to an agricultural institution in times of war, and is utiliz- ing all of its re- sources to speed up production and to increase the supply of food as well as of agricultural man- power. The National Farm School is keeping faith with America in this hour of need. It is playing an important part in upholding the basic food pro- duction line! (At Top) Adolph Segal Hall Containing Laboratories, Classrooms and Dormitories (At Left) Morris Lasker Domestic Hall Annual Report of the President H. B. ALLEN* to the FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING of The National Farm School October 18, 1942 In the midst of a mad universe seemingly bent on total destruc- ton, we welcome you to this little world of creative effort. We meet today to celebrate the 1942 Victory Harvest Festival and the 45th Annual Meeting of The National Farm School. In our annual message of last year, nearly two months before Pearl Harbor, we recognized an active state of war as already exist- ing. On that occasion, as you will recall, we adopted as our slogan the battle cry of our Founder in World War I: "To Farm is to Arm." The Farm School at War Today, we of The National Farm School have reached yet another stage in our rapid evolution. We, ourselves, have become a definite part of the war. The struggle now affects our every thought and action; it moulds all of our policies; it has called to its ranks by enlistment and selection considerably over one hundred of our vigor- ous young men. It has sent them out to the far corners of the earth; it has already taken its toll of Farm School lives. As a result of this tragic trend, our resident student body has been decreased, our faculty reduced, and our workers in the office brought under an almost unbearable load. In a word, we have come to the startling realization that we are fighting a war, and the battle that we here are waging — the battle for food — is a crucial job: as vital in its own sphere as is the drive for tanks and planes and ships. Moreover, we here are engaged also in helping to train the technical army for this strategic farm front. In these strenuous efforts we need to draw upon all our resources, to utilize these resources in the most effective manner and to keep our eye on the ultimate goal, which is complete and total victory. To attain this objective we must be willing to sacrifice, for the present, many of our educational ideals. Facing Realities I can report to you with patriotic pride and satisfaction that the members of this little community of American citizens appreciate these facts and are attempting to adjust their lives accordingly. In normal times our faculty is expected to combine sound instruction with creditable production, and they do this with notable results. Today, however, the serious lack of manpower and the urgent demand for raw materials require that they be primarily laborers. * Resigned as of March 31, 19^3, to engage in educational reconstruction work for the Iranian goveimment. 11 Our training program presupposes that students are instructed as they work in fields and barns and, for the sake of balanced experi- ence, are rotated among the many farm jobs that are available here; but today these young men must work where the call of the harvest is most urgent, with little supervision and frequently long assign- ments to one routine job. Most of our students have the maturity, and the patriotism to welcome such sacrifice — to be glad, in fact, that they are in a school that is so vitally related to the war efi'ort. Where the farmer is tragically short of helpers, even among the members of his own family. The National Farm School is suffering from a 30 to 40 percent reduction in its resident student enrollment. In an institution that is organized to be operated largely by students as a definite part of its educational policy, the effects of such a reduc- tion can be easily imagined. One result, although quite understand- able, is not so readily perceived by the general public. Whereas, in a time like this, most schools can, if necessary, combine classes, reduce the staff and cut down the overhead to a point somewhat in line with the smaller enrollment, just the opposite is true at an insti- tution like ours. In order merely to maintain the plant on a produc- tive basis, the staif should be increased while the educational aspects of the program are, of necessity, considerably modified. Consumers Made Into Producers In spite of all these difficulties, we are daily achieving results in which we take considerable satisfaction. We are contributing in a large way to the wartime food and commodity needs of the country. In these days when the need of manpower is so critical, we are help- ing to meet the urgent demand for workers trained in agricultural production. In truth, we are making an unusual contribution to this important problem. This is due to the fact that our program is designed primarily for the boy from the city, and we are, therefore, transforming these youth from consumers of goods to producers of vital commodities. Finally, we are not merely preparing these young people for future usefulness in an essential industry, but, as a result of the system of instruction here employed, we are enabling them to produce on an extensive scale as an integral part of their training. A Record Production Last year good weather and hard work combined to give us the best harvest in years. It is still too far from the end of the present season to summarize accurately the results of this year's efforts. Weather conditions were not quite so favorable as last year. In the spring it was excessively dry; in the late summer and fall it was much too wet. This naturally had its unfavorable effect on early vegetables and certain of the fruit crops. But, good management and boundless energy have gone far to overcome this condition. The apple crop, the grape harvest and silage yields have been the best in many seasons. By the time our fiscal year comes to a close, the dairy and poultry departments will have contributed to our own and the nation's needs a record production. The achievements of our 12 (Above) The Isaac H. Silverman Gates (Below) A View of the Campus and Athletic Practice Field landscape department in training students and in producing plant materials are abundantly shown through the beautiful and appro- priate decorations of this room. Possibly some of you could understand better what this school means to the economy of the country if in place of generalized statements I were to give you a few figures. The Farm School pro- duced this last year: More than 800,000 pounds of milk. 4,000 bushels of apples. Some 10,000 bushels of potatoes. Over 600,000 eggs. 750 tons of soybeans and sorghum. 2,800 baskets of peaches. Nearly 8,000 pounds of poultry meat. Most of these figures are for 1941, as the 1942 summaries are not yet available. We could go on with such figures, but these few will serve to indicate the kind of contribution we are making to the nation's food needs. Property Maintained The maintenance of our property always deserves special consid- eration in a report of this kind. For some years now we have been attempting to undo the damage resulting from a prolonged de- pression. It appeared finally that lean years were not to end for institutions of this kind. But buildings, property, and equipment must be kept up regardless. And so in our reports of recent years we have emphasized our achievements in this direction — machinery that has been repaired or replaced, barns that have been painted, buildings that have been renovated. About eighteen months ago, our Trustees vigorously implemented this trend by establishing improved maintenance as a definite policy of the Board and appropriating the funds necessary to achieve this objective. As a result, the barn at Schoenfield Farm No. 3, long In disrepair, was completely rebuilt. This farm has now become a place of beauty instead of presenting the disreputable appearance that it did for many years. In addition to this major project, scores of other repairs, not so easy to see, but no less important, were made possible by the decisive action of the Board. The same policy was applied not only to the replacement but to the repair of farm machinery. While these extensive repairs have required sizable appropria- tions, they represent in reality, improved assets rather than any further depletion of our already limited funds. If It becomes neces- sary, as It frequently does, to dispose of certain of our outside hold- ings in order to maintain properly this educational center, we can at least take satisfaction In the fact that Important buildings are pro- tected from deterioration, appearance enhanced, the program made more effective, the whole place greatly Improved, and our capital assets properly safeguarded. On the Educational Side Educationally speaking the Farm School has contributed much during the past twelve months to the war effort, to the development of youth and to rural progress in general. In March, a class of 54, one 14 "To Farm is to Arm" of the largest in the history of the School was sent out into the world to add to the ranks of trained agricultural workers. While many of these young men immediately enlisted in the armed forces there were some who were available to the agricultural industry at a time when there is much need for farm manpower. Furthermore, we succeeded in enrolling a freshman group of over fifty which, incidentally, was twice the size of the entering class of a year ago when high wages and the selective service law almost without warning, first swept from their feet the youth of this country. Only by the addition of a field worker and the effective efforts of that member of our staff were we able to achieve such results. For the sake of all that is involved in the successful operation of this important institution, we sincerely trust that we may do as well with the next incoming class. Evening Defense Course Merely because we had long specialized in boarding pupils and the shortage of such pupils seriously affects our traditional program, we sometimes overlook the fact that these young men are by no means the only students of The National Farm School. From last October to April, for five nights every week and three hours each night we operated a defense course in metal work and the repair of farm machinery. Fifty-eight out-of-school young men, and a few fathers, received training in this practical field while conserving old farm implements for further use in food production. This instruction was, undoubtedly, just as effective and certainly as valuable in many respects as our traditional daytime program. The day and evening courses combined gave us a total enrollment this past year of over 180 which is the largest number of students receiving systematic training at The National Farm School in a number of years. War-time Adjustments We have made many adjustments during the past several months to conform to changing conditions. One-year training units to sup- plement the traditional three-year course were added; a summer work program was inaugurated to enable selected city boys not en- rolled as regular students to aid in food production while gaining valuable farm experience. As one means of supporting the effort of the public _ schools of New York City and of other metropolitan centers to induce high school boys to work on farms in summer, we offered to accept summer work on a farm as a substitute for our summer practice of the freshman year. Each of these measures added a few young men to our training program. However, the most popu- lar adjustment that was made to the demand of the times was the evening defense course we have already mentioned. Student Life It must be remembered that producing food, maintaining prop- erty and instructing students are by no means the only responsi- bilities of a practical farm school, even in time of war. There are niany other activities that make up the life of a community of this kind. There is for instance, the field of sports, and in this our 16 students have given a good account of themselves. Another is the band which has recently shown signs of rapid improvement as a result of student support, combined with good instruction. There are the weekly forums that contribute so much to clear thinking and accurate expression. Periodic dances are important items of our program. In addition to the regular swimming parties at Forrest Park, weekly movies were conducted throughout the summer eve- nings in our out-of-doors amphitheatre. As if all of these regular and extra curricular activities did not consume enough energy, the stud- ents, faculty, and a few friends of our immediate neighborhood con- tributed 119 pints of blood to the Red Cross blood bank. Departed Leaders In thinking back over the events of the year, we cannot forget two great leaders who have passed from our midst. In January, Her- bert D. Allman, long a trustee of The National Farm School, for many years its able president, and in latter years holding the title of honorary president, passed on to his well-earned reward. In Sep- tember, just a few days after returning from a 12,000 mile tour of the United States and Canada, Mr. Louis Schlesinger, a member of the Board of Trustees, chairman of the National Board of State Directors, and the School's leading ambassador of good-will, passed away. Mr. Schlesinger died quite suddenly and practically in harness, just as he would wish to have gone. No more fitting tribute could be paid to these two great men than to dedicate to them this beautiful affair of today. Role in War and in Victory In the long, hard days of reconstruction that must surely follow the present world conflict. The National Farm School will continue to play an important part in the economy of the country. When victory finally comes, as it surely will, and men return to normal life from belching factories and bloody battle fronts, it is to the soil that many will hurriedly go for a secure livelihood and a peacful mode of life. When the vast, devastated, scorched areas of Europe are again free to bloom, it will be the seeds of America that will supply the new life. When the poor starved slaves of Hitlerized Europe are again unshackled and made free to be nourished back to vitality, it will be the products of American soil that will be urgently needed. The farms of post-war days will be called upon to provide many of the products that now come from industrial sources. And so in this harvest season that lies between the ancient Succoth of Israel and the Thanksgiving Day of our Pilgrim fathers, we give thanks that we are permitted to play so vital a part in the needs of our fellowmen — in war and in peace. 17 /^•- FORTY-SECOND ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES March 22, 1942 The Forty-second Annual Commencement of The National Farm School was held in the Louchheim Auditorium on Sun- day afternoon, March 22, 1942, in the presence of a large audience. Among the fifty-four graduates who received di- plomas were five young refugees from Nazi-dominated Euro- pean countries. One of the refugees, Peter Salm, who entered the School from New York City, was valedictorian of the class and Herman Wilensky, of Philadelphia, was salutatorian. The graduation address was delivered by Dr. Ernest L. Nixon, agricultural leader, author and lecturer. Henry Schmieder, professor of chemistry and botany, represented the faculty on the program. Rabbi Malcolm Stern, of Phil- adelphia, delivered the invocation and Reverend Enoch S. Moore, of Doylestown, Pa., gave the benediction. Diplomas and prizes were awarded as follows : Graduates in Dairying SEYMOUR M. ADLER New York City, N. Y. JACK ALSON New York City, N. Y. ABRAHAM DeLEON Philadelphia, Pa. CYRIL FARE Philadelphia, Pa. SHELDEN FELDMAN Chicago, 111. RICHARD KENNETH GUDYKUNST Reading, Pa. J. KENNETH KINCAID Philadelphia, Pa. LAWRENCE KLEINMAN Bronx, N. Y. ♦ROBERT WILLIAM LEBER Philadelphia, Pa. RUDOLPH J. LOEWENSTEIN New York City, N. Y. WILLIAM GEORGE LUTTERER Perkasie, Pa. ROBERT LEE NEESON Roslyn, Pa. MILTON ROZEMAN Birmingham, Ala. GRADUATES IN FLORICULTURE ERVIN BILSKY Philadelphia, Pa. ALBERT DAVID COHEN Philadelphia, Pa. *W. JOSEPH FRANK New York City, N. Y. GLENN DEWEY ROTHROCK Quakertown, Pa. MERRITT J. SCHULTHEIS Bethlehem, Pa. Graduates in General Agriculture *NORMAN WILLIAM GOURLEY Bloomfield, N. J. HYMAN LEO HANDLER Bronx, N. Y. ♦JOSEPH SIDNEY NATHANSON New York City, N. Y. EUGENE RICH Montclair, N. J. *ROMUALD V. SCHUTSKY Philadelphia, Pa. *HONOR Students — These students according to averages of grades in class and practical work are in the top fifth of the class. 19 Graduates in Horticulture CHARLES BERNSTEIN Brooklyn. N. Y. HARRY H. COOGAN New York City, N. Y. ♦LEONARD MARTIN DANSKY Bayonne, N. J. JOSHUA FELDSTEIN Chicago, III. ISIDORE FLAUM Bronx, N. Y. IRVING KAUFMAN Brooklyn, N. Y. MAX LEVINOWSKY Bronx, N. Y. WILLIAM OREL Boston, Mass. *PETER SALM New York City, N. Y. MILTON SAMOVITZ Detroit, Mich. ♦WALTER YANIAK Merchantville, N. J. Graduates in Landscape Gardening CHARLES BROOKS Glenloch, Pa. ♦LOUIS DOMSKY Philadelphia, Pa. PHILIP PRIEMAZON Brooklyn, N. Y. ♦HERMAN WILENSKY Philadelphia, Pa. JAY DONALD WOLFE Reading. Pa. Graduates in Poultry Husbandry HAROLD L. BEDICK North Bergen, N. J. NORMAN SUMNER BERKOVITZ Brookline, Mass. HAROLD BRAUER North Bergen, N. J. JOSEPH CH WICK Brooklyn. N. Y. IRWIN DAVID COHEN Riverside, N. J. JOSEPH FOWLER Aldan, Pa. RUDOLPH BERNARD FOX St. Louis, Mo. DAVID GARBER Atlanta, Ga. GEORGE KAISER Elmsford, N. Y. LEWIS POLAKOFF Atlantic City, N. J. DAVID ROSENFIELD Brooklyn, N. Y. MORTON SHAPIRO Philadelphia, Pa. ROBERT WEINTRAUB Brooklyn, N. Y. Post Graduate in Horticulture KURT NATHAN Binghamton, N. Y. *Honor Students — These students according to averages of grades in class and practical work are in the top fifth of the class. PRIZE AWARDS Highest Scholastic Attainment Peter Salm Highest Marks in Supervised Practice W. Joseph Frank Most conscientious and consistent effort and progress among refugee students W. Joseph Frank Dairy Prize — Most capable and efficient Senior in Dairying. . Cyril Farb Farm Machinery Prize — Most capable and efficient Senior in Farm Machinery work Robert Wm. Leber Floriculture Prize — Most capable and efficient Senior in Floriculture work W. Joseph Frank General Agriculture Prize — Most capable and efficient Senior in General Agriculture Norman Wm. Gourley Horticulture Prize — Most capable and efficient Senior in Hoi'ticulture, Walter Yaniak Landscape Prize — Most capable and efficient Senior in Landscape work, Louis Domsky Poultry Prize — Most capable and efficient Senior in Poultry work, Moi'ton Shapiro A number of other prizes are distributed each year, but these are given out more informally in student assembly. 20 A Section of the Carpentry Shop, Where, by Actually Building and Repairing Various Items Used ON THE School Farms, Students Acquire Some of the Many Skills They Will Need to Know FORTY-THIRD ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES March 21, 1943 A class of twenty-two students was graduated at the Forty-third Annual Commencement Exercises of The National Farm School, held on Sunday, March 21, 1943, in the Louch- heim Auditorium on the School campus. This class had felt the full impact of war conditions and, as a result, its numbers had been considerably reduced during its three-year stay at the School. Dr. John A. Lester, of Doylestown, Pa., executive secre- tary of the Friends Council of Education, delivered the Grad- uation Address. Dr. Lester laid stress upon the importance of each of the graduates informing himself about what is necessary to plan for a permanent peace. He declared "The very nature of the existence of our schools in America today depends upon planning for an enduring peace to come." He urged the graduates to remain in agriculture to help win the war and the peace afterward. In his address to the graduates, prior to presenting the diplomas. Dr. H. B. Allen, president of the School, said to them : "We now come to the real point of this program. Our purpose from the moment we assembled here was to do honor to you, to send you out from this place with all of the inspira- tion we might be able to give to each one of you as our final contribution to your training at Farm School in mind and character. This year we can well consider our farewell thoughts together. For I, too, am taking leave of Farm School at the end of the same period of time as some of you — three years of undergraduate study, let us say, and one year of postgraduate training. In that period of time we have caught, I hope, the spirit of idealism of the founder of the School. We have tried to carry a few steps upward and onward the message of love, hope, creative effort and human tolerance which was bequeathed to this School by Doctor Krauskopf." LeRoy W. Ingham, professor in charge of the animal hus- bandry department, represented the faculty on the program. C. Milton Eder, of Green Lane, Pa., was salutatorian and Abraham Cohen, of Philadelphia, was valedictorian. 22 Prizes were awarded to Abraham Cohen for highest scho- lastic attainment and for work in horticulture ; to C. Milton Eder for highest marks in supervised practice and for work in general agriculture; to Otmar Silberstein, as the outstand- ing refugee student of the class ; to Uriel H. Schoenbach for work in dairying ; to Benjamin Goldpaint for greenhouse work; to Otto L. Stein, in farm machinery; to John R. Mollick for work in horticulture ; to James R. Charlesworth for land- scape gardening; and to Paul Schwartz for work in poultry husbandry. Diplomas for completion of the three-year course and cer- tificates for post-graduate work were awarded as follows : GRADUATES IN THE THREE-YEAR COURSE Animal Husbandry and Dairying KURT WOLFGANG LOSER New York City, N. Y. WILLIAM NICKEL, JR Dunellen, N. J. URIEL H. SCHOENBACH . .New York City, N. Y. GEORGE WINDHOLZ Chattanooga, Tenn. Horticulture ♦ABRAHAM COHEN Philadelphia, Pa. GERALD D. GROFF Sellersville, Pa. JOHN HELLER Vineland, N. J. JOHN R. MOLLICK Philadelphia, Pa. HARRY PAUL Atlantic City, N. J. *OTMAR SILBERSTEIN Bayside, N. Y. Poultry Husbandry JOHN ALLEN EVANS Gwynedd Valley, Pa. LEON GOLDFARB Liberty, N. Y. THOMAS HENDRICKS Philadelphia, Pa. ALBERT G. ORNER Brooklyn, N. Y. MURRAY RESNIK Bronx, N. Y. PAUL SCHWARTZ Columbia, S. C. General Agriculture *C. MILTON EDER Green Lane, Pa. ♦MORRIS LIPELES Caledonia, Wis. ♦OTTO LUD WIG STEIN Yonkers, N. Y. Floriculture BENJAMIN GOLDPAINT Philadelphia, Pa. LANDSCAPE Gardening JAMES R. CHARLESWORTH Hanoverton, Ohio HERBERT CLAYTON W EISER Brooklyn, N. Y. POST GRADUATES Farm Machinery JOSHUA FELDSTEIN Chicago, 111. Floriculture W. JOSEPH FRANK New York City, N. Y. HERMAN WILENSKY Philadelphia, Pa. Animal Husbandry and Dairying J. KENNETH KINCAID Philadelphia, Pa. One- Year Student in Poultry EDWARD STAHURSKI Plains, Pa. *Honor Students — These students according to averages of grades in class and practical loork are in the top fifth of the class. 23 FOUNDERS DAY AND TREE DEDICATION EXERCISES SUNDAY, JUNE 7, 1942 Founders Day, marking the forty-sixth anniversary of the establishment of The National Farm School by the late Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, was celebrated on Sunday, June 7, 1942. The ceremonies were held on the picturesque campus in an improvised outdoor amphitheater. The traditionally fine "Krauskopf weather" prevailed, though the drastic restric- tions which the war situation had placed upon the use of automobiles considerably reduced the customary large num- bers which usually attend these exercises. James Marshall, president of the New York City Board of Education, delivered the Founders Day address, in which he made this significant observation: "One of the most notable truths to emerge from our present war program is that every economical segment of our nation can and must play its part. The role of the farmer is of transcendent importance. The fall of Bataan and Corregidor proved once again that without food men cannot fight. It cannot be too often repeated that food will win the war and write the peace. I regard the work of The National Farm School, which each year produces a squadron of young men fully equipped to man the food pro- duction line, as an important contribution to victory." Dr. Isaac Landman, of the Garfield Place Temple, Brook- lyn, N. Y., editor of the Jewish Encyclopaedia, was on the program for the traditional tribute to the work of the founder of the School, as well as to pay a eulogy to the late Herbert D. Allman, benefactor and former president, who had passed away recently. Dr. Landman spoke intimately and from per- sonal knowledge and friendship of the fine qualities of these two leaders; "the one the founder and first president; the other the builder and second president, whose vision and de- voted service had been responsible for much of the Farm 25 School's transition from simple beginnings to its present fine physical and educational standing." Dr. Cornelius Weygandt, professor of English at the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania, lecturer and author, was in charge of the dedication of the Festive and Memorial Trees. More than seventy such trees had been planted during the year in honor of joyous occasions and in memory of departed persons. Prominent among those for whom trees were named, in addi- tion to the tree for former President Allman, were two for former students who lost their lives in the armed forces. These were Corporal Theodore Lewis, who was killed in action at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and Corporal Alfred Savino who was killed while in training shortly after his enlistment.'"' The student body was represented on the program by Otmar Silberstein '43, of New York City. Rabbi Joseph Klein, of Philadelphia, offered the invocation and the closing bene- diction was pronounced by Reverend John F. Fogarty, of Doylestown, Pa. Stanley H. Hinlein, of Philadelphia, member of the Board of Trustees and Chairman of the Founders Day Committee, presided. Starting from the Krauskopf Library on the campus, hay- ride educational tours, under the guidance of members of the faculty, were conducted over the entire farms, visiting the poultry department, the dairy barns, greenhouses, orchards and other places of interest on the over one thousand acres under cultivation by the School. Guides stationed at the speakers' stand directed visitors to the various buildings and departments, which were open for inspection throughout the day, and to the Memorial and Festive Trees.* Music for the occasion was furnished by the student band, under the direction of Lieutenant Joseph Frankel, of Phil- adelphia, bandmaster and musical instructor. * Complete list of those for whom trees were dedicated is published on page 33. 26 (Upper Left) Preparing for a Day's Work (Upper Right) A Section of the Apiary (At Bottom) The Abraham Erlanger Barns and Nathan Straus Dairies -^ ,JS- HARVEST FESTIVAL AND FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING OCTOBER 17-18, 1942 Farm training for war production was the keynote sounded at the 1942 Harvest Festival and Forty-fifth Annual Meeting of The National Farm School held at Farm School, Pennsyl- vania, Saturday and Sunday, October 17 and 18, 1942. Educational and competitive exhibits were opened on Sat- urday morning and the two-day harvest festival was brought to a close with appropriate exercises, held at 2:30 on Sunday afternoon, in the Louchheim Auditorium. The Honorable Howard I. James, Bucks County Senator, was patron of the two-day celebration. Dr. Louis Nusbaum, Vice-President of the School, Associate Superintendent of Philadelphia Public Schools, presided. The principal address was given by Dr. Wheeler McMillen, editor-in-chief of the Farm Journal and outstanding American leader in chemurgy. Dr. McMillen pointed out that the world's post-war prosperity depends on whether the people's earned buying power can be raised to the level of their consuming capacity. He asserted that the consuming power of this coun- try has never been approached. Dr. H. B. Allen submitted the annual report of the Presi- dent which included a digest of the reports of each individual department. He directed the attention of the audience to the fact that these reports are bound together and filed in the Library for the benefit of those who are sufficiently interested to read them. Jerry Groff '43, of Sellersville, Pa., a member of the stu- dent council, represented the student body on the program. Rabbi Malcolm Stern, of Philadelphia, delivered the prayer at the opening of the session. Manfred R. Krauskopf, of Philadelphia, presented the re- port of the Nominating Committee in connection with the f orty- 28 fifth annual meeting of the School which formed a part of the Harvest Festival Exercises. The following trustees were re- elected for a term of three years : Edwin B. Elson, New York City; William F. Fretz, Doylestown, Pa.; Dr. S. S. Greenbaum, Benjamin Goldberg, Dr. A. Spencer Kaufman, Theodore G. Rich, Nathan J. Snellenburg and Edwin H. Weil, of Philadel- phia. Dr. Leon Solis-Cohen, of Philadelphia, was elected an honorary trustee in consideration of the completion of ten years of service on the Board. Morris R. Blackman, of Phil- adelphia, was elected to the Board as a representative of the Alumni Association. A special feature of the Harvest Festival was the active co-operation of Bucks County agencies interested in rural progress. Organizations such as the Grange, 4-H Clubs, Rural Scouts, Future Farmers of America, Defense Council and others participated. The exhibits of these various groups were not competitive but were arranged purely to promote the interests of agriculture and rural life and to represent the activities of each individual agency. The Farm School educational exhibits were arranged by the department heads with the assistance of the students and served to emphasize certain principles that are taught in the various classes. As a further incentive to students and as a means of promoting their agricultural training, competitive exhibits were put on by the students themselves. Selections of fruits, vegetables, farm crops and animals were made by the students and the exhibits that resulted from these selec- tions were judged by competent experts. The animal exhibits were staged in a tent on the campus. Farm machinery exhibits were housed in the farm machinery building, where poultry exhibits were also on display. All other exhibits were shown in the Louchheim Auditorium. After announcement of exhibit awards, the exercises came to a close with the singing of the national anthem by the entire audience, accompanied by the student band. The two-day program was dedicated to the late Herbert D. Allman, of Philadelphia, and the late Louis Schlesinger, of Newark, N. J., leaders in the work of the School for many years, both of whom had passed away since the last annual meeting. 29 (Above) Allman Administration and Farm Mechanics Building (Below) ROSETTA ULMAN DORMITORIES MEMORIAL RESOLUTIONS On the Death of Louis Schlesinger Adopted by the Board of Trustees of The National Farm School September 2U, 19U2 It is with deep regret that the Board of Trustees of The National Farm School notes the death of LOUIS SCHLESINGER on September 15, 1942. For twenty-five years Mr. Schlesinger has been a member of the Board and Chairman of the National Board of State Directors of the School. His membership in the Board was not honorary nor perfunctory. His interest in the School was intense, active, and constructive. He never missed a meeting of the Board when he could attend, and he often tra- velled many miles to be present and to contribute to the Board's deliberations. Of his many activities in behalf of the School his most important contribution was in his capacity of Chairman of the National Board. Quietly, unostentatiously but effectively, Mr. Schlesinger made The National Farm School known favorably in the most remote sections of the land. He sacrificed time, money, and personal convenience to hold conferences and to keep appointments for the benefit of the School. Mr. Schlesinger's services to The National Farm School were only a small part of a busy life. He was a constructive leader in the real estate and insurance business in his native city of Newark and of the whole State of New Jersey. His communal activities included trusteeship in the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, treasurership of the Hebrew Benevolent Orphan Asylum Society, and a lifelong interest in the Jewish Children's Home of Newark. More than anything else, however, the members of the Board of Trustees of The National Farm School will miss Louis Schlesinger's kind and genial personality and his genuine friend- ships. There was a sincerity and a heartiness in his greeting, a warmth in his handshake, and a fine sense of humor in his most casual conversation. Our loss is that of a real friend. Resolved that the formal gardens on the School campus, where trees for Mr. Schlesinger and members of his family have previously been planted, be designated as the "Louis Schlesinger Gardens." Resolved, That the Board of Trustees of the National Farm School adopt this minute expressing its sense of loss in the passing of Louis Schlesinger, and that a copy be forwarded to his family. COMMITTEE: LEON MERZ HARRY B. HIRSH JOSEPH H. HAGEDORN MRS. JOSEPH KRAUSKOPF H. B. ALLEN LOUIS NUSBAUM, Chairman 31 IN MEMORIAM AMELIA M. ABRAHAMSON On February 11, 1943, Amelia M. Abrahamson passed from amongst us very suddenly. She had given loyal and devoted service to The National Farm School as field representative throughout the entire history of the School. Miss Abrahamson was instrumental in securing some of the School's first household furnishings and through the many years was responsible for a con- siderable portion of the School's support. Wherever she went, she served the School not only in the friends she made for the institution and the funds she secured for its maintenance, but in the dig- nity and standing she gave to the School by her own connection with it. Thes3 few brief words are introduced into the records of The National Farm School in recognition of her long and useful service and as an expression of our sorrow in the passing of this genial and lovable personality. Shrine IN THE Krauskopf Memorial Library TREE PLANTING AT THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL The National Farm School plants each year on its spacious acreage Memorial Trees for the departed and Festive Trees for joyous occasions, such as births, confirmations, gradua- tions, betrothals, weddings, anniversaries. This practice of tree-planting is in keeping with the custom established by the Founder many years ago. It serves two useful purposes : it offers a beautiful and fitting means of keeping green the memory of those persons or occasions we wish to perpetuate ; and at the same time of assisting in the financial support of the School as a tangible expression of affection for loved ones. At the Founders Day Exercises on Sunday, June 7, 1942, trees for which provision had been made during the year, were dedicated for the following: FESTIVE TREES Lois Goldstein, Philadelphia, Confirmation Albert M. Greenfield, Jr., Philadelphia, Confirmation Joseph L. Krauskopf, Philadelphia, Confirmation CALIFORNIA Beverly Hills Lew Fields Joseph M. (Joe) Weber GEORGIA Atlanta Louis H. Moss Augusta Julia Warner Simon INDIANA Tipton John Nash MARYLAND Baltimore Edward J. Bond, Jr. Rabbi Edward L. Israel MISSOURI St. Louis Hannah Auer NEW JERSEY Asbury Park Oscar L. Weingarten Atlantic City Michael A. Devine Belmar Marjorie King Rachlin Boonton George W. Morse East Orange Francis Lafferty Flora Kuhn Marx Fanny Negbauer Elberon Francis M. Rosenfeld Hoboken Herman Geismar Irvington Wm. H. Templeton Maplewood Theo. S. Fettinger Sidney Stein MEMORIAL TREES Newark Rachel Bierman Thos. F. Halpin Babetta Hammerschlag Nathan V. Hammerschlag Simon Heyman Edward W. Jackson Miriam Kohn Meyer Kraemer Nathan Lindeman Paul Lindeman Joseph May Helene S. Meyer Delia Walter Orange Jas. A. McGlynn John Martin Schreiber Paterson Etta Estelle Straus West Orange B. Leroy Sale South Orange Edward M. Waldron Jane Young NEW YORK New York City Carrie Altscheeler Benjamin Altscheeler Barney Altscheeler Fannie Altscheeler Paul Block Morris Gest Henry Lippmann Mrs. Milton B. Loeb Harry F. Louchheim Dr. Solomon Lowenstein Linda Lowenstein L. Simon Plaut Max L. Schallek Sol. M. Stroock Westbury Edna Garfield Duncan Miner Woodmere Benj. Lowenstein OHIO Cincinnati Flora M. Haas Jesse Levy Nanette E. Van Inwegen PENNSYLVANIA AUentown Jay M. Samuels Margaret S. Samuels Philadelphia Hazel S. Allman Herbert D. Allman Elizabeth Baylinson Gustave L. Blieden Katharine Epstein Cornelia Gans Jeannette Gans Julia Gans Moses Gans Clarence Hexter Goldsmith Paul Green Meyer Herman Cecile W. Jeitles Dr. Louis Jurist Morris Lang Corporal Theodore Lewis Abraham Rose Private Alfred Savino Helen J. Salus TENNESSEE Knoxville David Moskovitz 33 STUDENTS AND FACULTY RECEIVE AWARD FOR FOOD PRODUCTION On December 18, 1942, the students and faculty of The National Farm School, were awarded a "Certificate of Merit" by the National Farm and Home Hour and the Blue Network Company for outstanding food production. The award was made in a nation-wide broadcast with the following announce- ment: "The National Farm and Home Hour and the Blue Net- work Company pay tribute to a group of young people who are truly 'soldiers of the soil.' We salute today the students of The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. "When Secretary Wickard's call to increase production in the food for freedom campaign came to the students at The National Farm School, these boys responded wholeheartedly and with the student body reduced by enlistments and war industries from a normal enrollment of 160 to about 100 ; and an ordinarily small faculty still further limited for the same reasons, these patrotic workers produced this past year, with their own hands, on their 1,000-acre farm: Over 800,000 pounds of milk Over 600,000 eggs Nearly 8,000 pounds of poultry meat Just under 10,000 bushels of potatoes 4,000 bushels of apples and other farm products on an extensive scale. "The National Farm School founded in 1896 was designed to give city boys a chance to obtain an agricultural education and these boys devote their time to practical agricultural train- ing. Not only have they done a splendid job of producing food but they have also made an effort to aid farmers in the com- munity wherever possible. "So, we pay tribute to The National Farm School, its faculty and students and we present to them this Certificate of Merit. With the future production of food in such able hands as those of the young men being trained in The National Farm School, the nation knows there will be food for America and our Allies. The Certificate of Merit is on its way to you and with it go the thanks of the entire nation and our fighting Allies. The Farm and Home Hour and the Blue Network salute you farmers of The National Farm School." 35 -^ '^ji^tmf (At Top) Breaking Ground for Demonstration Victory Garden on the Parkivay, in Philadelphia. Mayor Samuels of Philadelphia at the Plow. (At Bottom) A Section of the School's Poultry Plant Which Contributes Hundreds of Thousands of Eggs and Thousands of Pounds of Meat to the Nation's Food Needs. SPECIAL WAR-TIME ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL i^ In co-operation with the Farm Security Administration and the Pennsylvania State Department of Public Instruction, The National Farm School is helping to alleviate the serious farm labor shortage in the East by training contingents of farmers from unproductive areas from other sections of the country, to the conditions and practices of this region. The National Farm School is one of several institutions in the northeast selected as a training center for some of these workers. •^ Evening extension classes in farm machinery for out-of- school rural youth and for adults are conducted throughout the fall, winter and early spring. It is planned to extend this service to include all of the other fields of agriculture in which the School specializes. -^ In co-operation with the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry, the School has, for several years, trained for rehabilitation a limited number of industrial casualties. Plans are now^ under way to extend this service to include training for rehabilitation of war casualties. •^ During the Easter vacation period, twenty-five high school boys received special training to equip them for leadership as farm helpers for summer work on farms. •^ A special summer course of two months' duration permits selected high school students, not enrolled as regular students, to aid in farm production while gaining valuable farm ex- perience. -^ The National Farm School is operating three demonstra- tion VICTORY GARDENS in Philadelphia and its environs. Competent student-gardeners are on hand to answer inquiries and assist the uninitiated. ^ Faculty members are acting as consultants to Victory garden growers, giving lectures and displaying model exhibits at major department stores in Philadelphia and vicinity. ^ A leaflet of "Practical Hints for Victory Gardeners," pre- pared by Professor David M. Purmell, Horticulturist of The National Farm School, was reproduced in lots of tens of thousands and made available to the public. ^ Finally, The National Farm School is prepared at all times to adjust its program and extend its facilities to meet the shifting needs of the War for Victory. 37 WHERE CITY BOYS BECOME SUCCESSFUL FARMERS An opportunity for American Youth Few city boys ever think of farming for a life career. They may consider hundreds of different occupations, but rarely give any thought to agriculture, the most fundamental, especially in war time, of all vocations. The National Farm School has specialized for the past forty-seven years in this particular type of training and urges city boys to consider farming as a career. The School knows from experience that city boys make successful farmers ; that many who were never on a farm before they came to Farm School become practical and scientific farmers and follow that vocation successfully. There is an urgent call today for the kind of men that The National Farm School is able to turn out : men of vigor and character, trained to co-ordinate their hands with their heads. For the period of the war emergency and until further notice, the minimum age for admission has been reduced to sixteen years and the educational requirement to two or more years of high school training. Candidates for admission must be in sound health, of good character and indicate a sincere interest in rural life. The regular course of training requires three years. Special one-year courses are also offered. The school year operates from April to April. Students are admitted from April 1 to July 1. There is no tuition charge. Liberal maintenance scholarships are available. Incidental fees are nominal. Those interested are urged to visit the School for further information or to write for a catalog. 38 THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA Membership of The National Farm School Date I, the undersigned, being in sympathy with the object of The National Farm School — the training of young men in the science and practice of agriculture — do hereby agree to subscribe as one of the maintainers of the institution the sum of dollars annually. Name Benefactor . . . $100 Friend 50 Patron 25 Member . . . . 10 Supporter . . . 5 Address Make checks payable to The National Farm School Form of Legacy to The National Farm School "I give and bequeath unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa., near DoylestoivTi, the sum of dollars free from all taxes to be paid to the Treasurer, for the time being, for the tise of the institution." Form of Devise ON REAL ESTATE OR GROUND RENT "/ give and devise unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa., near Doylestown (here describe the property or ground rent), together with the appurtenances, in fee simple, and all policies of insurance covering said premises, whether fire, title or otherwise, free from all taxes." A donation or bequest of $10,000.00 will found a perpetual scholar- ship, the income from which will go far toward maintaining one student each year; such scholarship may bear the name of the donor or such names as the donor may designate. A donation of $900.00 will provide instruction, board and room of a student for one year (a twelve-month term) ; $2,700.00, for three years (thirty-six months) to graduation. Gifts to The National Farm School in Cash, War Bonds and War Savings Stamps Are Allowable Income Tax Deductions 39 THIS MAP SHOWS LOCATION OF SCHOOL AND HOW IT MAY BE REACHED BY AUTOMOBILE AND TRAIN (Reading Railroad trains, operating between Philadelphia and Doylestown, stop at Farm School station, directly on the grounds of the School.) 40 The publication of this Annual Report without cost to the School is made pos- sible by the contributions of generous friends, hereby acknowledged with the thanks of the President and Board of Trustees of the School. Now in our new daylight store where furs may be seen in their true beauty FURRIERS now unto the third generation T^fieo. 5. S'i4t^ FURS OF THE BETTER GRADE 1710 WALNUT ST. PHILADELPHIA Accept this as a personal invitation to visit and shop in our air-co7idition- LANE BRYANT ed store . . . which serves as a setting for Lane Chestnut Corner 12th Bryant's old fashioned PHILADELPHIA friendliness. W. S. Chevallier The Women's Store for Manager Slenderizing Apparel Your Children Stand a Better Chance for Health in Shoes That Bear This Mark Made Just Like Costly Adult Shoes To Insure Finer Fit, Better Wear, More Attractive Appearance J. EDWARDS & COMPANY, Inc. 314 NORTH TWELFTH STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. STREET, LINDER & PROPERT . . . OPTICIANS . . . N. E. Cor. 20th and Chestnut Streets PHILADELPHIA Compliments of A FRIEND M. PHILLIPS L. PHILLIPS National Hair Cloth Co. Manufacturers of HAIR CLOTH AND SOFT-ROLL INTERLININGS 1424 North Howard Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. New York Office: 215 Fourth Avenue, New York City THOS. HALTON^S SONS Jacquard Machines C and Clearfield Streets PHILADELPHIA, PA. HOFFNER RAYON COMPANY NATURAL — DYED — CONVERTED Skeins, Cones, Tubes, Cops, Spools, Reeling, Twisting Special Resists for Hosiery and Weaving Trades Belgrade and Ontario Streets PHILADELPHIA, PA. WM. MacINTOSH COMPANY Manufacturing Lithographers 113-115 ERIE STREET CAMDEN, N. J. NICETOWN DYE WORKS Dyers of Yarns, Slubbing and Wool Raw Stock FRANKFORD - - - - PHILADELPHIA ESTABLISHED 1877 BERGMAN KNITTING MILLS "BEACH MATE" "CLUB MATE" Bathing Suits Sweaters Pastorius and Osceola Streets Germantown, Philadelphia D. F. WATERS & SONS, Inc. Germantown Dye Works Dyers of WOOLEN AND WORSTED SKEIN YARNS 53 and 55 Wister Street GERMANTOWN PHILADELPHIA, PA. NATHAN SCHWARTZ & SONS INCORPORATED 54th and Poplar Streets PHILADELPHIA, PA. PHILADELPHIA WOOL SCOURING AND CARBONIZING COMPANY Glenwood and Castor Avenues PHILADELPHIA, PA. INDEPENDENT'S Standard FERTILIZERS Make a Good Farmer a Better One ANIMAL ORGANIC BASE Independent Manufacturing Co. Wheatsheaf Lane and Aramingo Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. SOAPS — OILS — FINISHES For All Textile Purposes Laurel Sanitary Cleaner For General Cleaning- Insecticides — Disinfectants — Sprays LAUREL SOAP MANUFACTURING CO., Inc. Wm. H. Bertolet's Sons PHILADELPHIA, PA. FRANKFORD TRUST COMPANY 4400 Frankford Avenue PHILADELPHIA, PA. INTEREST PAID on Savings Accounts Insures Title to Real Estate " OVER 55 YEARS OF SUCCESSFUL BANKING " Member of the Philadelphia Clearing House Association Member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Penn Fruit Company Foods Sold with Sincerity " Philadelphia and Vicinity BURPEE'S SEEDS GROW Write for a Free Copy of Burpee's Annual The Leading Americafi Seed Catalog W. ATLEE BURPEE CO. BURPEE BUILDING PHILADELPHIA, PA. Compliments of UNITED STEEL BARREL CO. CEDAR, CYPRESS Established 1868 OREGON FIR, PINE, etc. AMOS H. HALL & SONS Manufacturers of Wood Tanks Office and Works: 5500 N. Water Street Philadelphia, Pa. Phone: MICH. 9022 Compliments . . . of . . . A FRIEND CHOICE SUBURBAN REALTY RENT or SALE W. T. B. Roberts & Son Open Every Day GLENSIDE (at Station), PA. J. HOWARD BROWN & CO. INSURANCE No. 328 Walnut Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. DOUGHERTY SEED GROWERS GROWERS and WHOLESALERS Northern Michigan Certified Petoskey Rural Russet Seed Potatoes Aroostook County, Maine, Certified Irish Cobbler Seed Potatoes WILLIAMSPORT, PENNA. Adelphia Automatic Sprinkler Company ENGINEERS AND CONTRACTORS Cor. Blabon and Ruffner Streets Philadelphia, Pa. Telephone: RADclf 100 000 7700 Capacity Per Day PAPER and CIGAR BOXES Drug, Cigar, Candy, Dental, Hosiery, Hardware, Stationery Miscellaneous YOUR NEEDS ANALYZED WITHOUT OBLIGATION GEORGE H. SNYDER, Inc. 3631-47 North Smedley Street Philadelphia, Pa. BRANCH FACTORY: RED LION, PENNA. E. HUBSCHMAN & SONS MANUFACTURERS FINE CALF LEATHERS 415 North Fourth Street Philadelphia, Pa. WM. F. DOUGHERTY & SONS, Inc. . . . Kitchen Equipment . . . 1009 ARCH STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. SAMUEL J. CRESSWELL Iron Works 23rd and Cherry Streets PHILADELPHIA WALNUT 2277 , MAIN 5195 JAMES CARNWATH CO. MANUFACTURERS WOOD PACKING BOXES — CRATES — BOX SHOOKS CABINET MAKING — WOOD SPECIALTIES 613-615 Cherry Street Philadelphia REGENT 1828-1829 PARK 5566-5567 Edward Matusow KEYSTONE WIPER & SUPPLY CO. 1308-10-12 North Third Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. REGent 1796 PARK 2128 JACOB I. MALSCHICK Scrap Battery Lead Storage Batteries for Scrap Only 186 WEST BERKS STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. JOHN P. KELLY BRASS FOUNDER Brass, Bronze and Aluminum Castings 23rd and Westmoreland Streets PHILADELPHIA Mink Smelting and Refining Works Globe Rubber Products Corp. Bell: DELaware 1800-1801 Keystone: EAST 9802 A. BERS & COMPANY Smelters — Refiners Lewis and Ashland Streets Frankford, Philadelphia WATSON & McDANIEL CO. Manufacturers of McDaniel Steam Traps and Watson Pressure Regulators N.W. Cor. Marshall and Noble Sts. PHILADELPHIA, PA. Gray's Ferry — Iron and Metals HARRY WILSON, 723 Chelten Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. Allegheny Iron and Metal Co. Second and Clearfield Streets PHILADELPHIA SARATOGA 0889 WEST 1903 Abrams Metal Company Scrap Iron METALS and Steel 58th Street Below Woodland Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. METALLURGICAL PRODUCT CO. DEWEY 5815 Established 1904 RACE 5169 A. Perez & Son Dealers and — METALS — Smelters 31st and Reed Streets PHILADELPHIA, PA. Pennsylvania Smelting & Refining Co. Cottonwood Bottle Boxes Packing Boxes Milk Crates Treen Box Co., Inc. GOOD WOOD BOXES Tioga and Memphis Streets Philadelphia, Pa. S. D. Richman Sons IRON AND STEEL SCRAP 926-28-30 North Fortieth Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. SAGamore 0830 PARK 3389 Stave Brothers Dealers in Scrap Iron, Steel and Metals Office and Yard: 2210-30 W. Westmoreland St. Philadelphia, Pa. David Weber & Co. 3500 Richmond Street, Philadelphia OFFICE PHONES RESIDENT PHONE NEBraska 2041 SARatoga 0456 EAST 8978 Raymond Kaplan MOTORS and MACHINERY East York and Cabot Streets Philadelphia, Pa. METRO SMELTING CO. ONTARIO and BATH STREETS PHILADELPHIA, PA. Philadelphia Hide Corporation HIDE AND CALFSKIN DEALERS Ontario, East of Richmond Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. REGent 8887 PARK 2428 Bauer Metal Company . . . METALS and RESIDUES . . . 1116 Frankford Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. Established 1875 Joseph Rosenthal's Sons, Inc. SMELTERS AND REFINERS 190-192 West Berks Street Philadelphia, Pa. Joseph Berliner Company METALS Lewis below Ashland Street PHILADELPHIA Ladenson Metal Corporation Franklin Smelting & Refining Co. METALS — RESIDUES Castor Ave. (Formerly Erie Ave.), East of Richmond St., Philadelphia Telephones: NEBraska 2231-2232 EAST 9809 Richard C. Remmey Son Co. Hedley Street and Delaware River PHILADELPHIA FRANKLINSHIRE WORSTED MILLS BENJ. F. MILLER & SONS W. MESSINGER EDWARD JACOBS FRANK STRICK LIFE MEMBER S. RUDOFKER'S SONS N. E. Corner 22nd and Market Streets PHILADELPHIA S. MAKRANSKY & SONS H. DAROFF & SONS INCORPORATED LEE L ROBINSON HYMAN BRODSKY & SON CO. MR. and MRS. HERMAN D. STEEL JACOB SIEGEL COMPANY JOSEPH SPECTER A. H. HOFFMAN, Inc. JACOB H. BRODSKY BENJAMIN SWARTZ NANETTE MFG. CO. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Liebman PHILIP L. SHEERR and Sons NATHAN BLOOM LEO C. COLEMAN ARTHUR BRODY J. R. GRUNDY The OLIVER H. BAIR CO. DAVID M. WEINER JONATHAN RING & CO. CHARLES TAXIN JACOB C. GUTMAN H. G. BLACK THE CAR-MOR METAL CO., Inc. FRANK WILL KAY SPORTSWEAR CO. JOSEPH W. LEBERMAN W. H. LEVY PERLOFF BROS. William D. Weimar Successor to WEIMAR BROTHERS Manufacturers of Tapes, Bindings and Narrow Fabrics 2046-48 Amber Street PHILADELPHIA BERT — SCHNURER — CABANA West Point, Inc. 1602 Hunting Park Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. Samson -Polay and Goodman, Inc. Superior Knitting Mills 3747 Ridge Avenue PHILADELPHIA Markovitz Brothers 321-323 Market Street Philadelphia, Pa. Jobbers in Hosiery and Underwear, Overalls, Work Shirts, Notions Sole Distributor of "Philmont" Union Suits for Men DAVenport 5700 Established 1859 Charles Peberdy & Son Manufacturers of KNITTED OUTERWEAR East Penn Street Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa. Biberman Brothers Manufacturers of WASH DRESSES Fifteenth and Mt. Vernon Sts. Philadelphia, Pa. Pincus Brothers, Inc. NORTHBROOKE CLOTHES 232-248 N. Eleventh Street Philadelphia Quaker Pile Fabric Co. Second and Lippincott Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. D. Seidmann's Sons, Inc. N.W. Cor. Tenth and Washington Avenue PHILADELPHIA, PA. Howard 2100 — 2101 Main 5101 Modern Cloth Sponging Co. Tenth Street and Washington Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. Fertik & Company WASTE MATERIALS — SCRAP METALS Front and Venango Streets Philadelphia, Pa. Martyn Perez INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT 313-15 North Third Street Philadelphia, Pa. "EVERY FOOT A SQUARE FOOT' Jacobs Bros. Lumber & Millwork Co. 921-23-25 N. Fortieth St. BARing 4026 PHILADELPHIA FULTON 4268 MAIN 5150 Max Bailis & Sons Ferrous SCRAP Non-Ferrous S. E. Cor. Water and McKean Streets Philadelphia, Pa. REG. 1600 A-1 Industrial Equipment EAST 7339 Manufacturers Representative EQUIPMENT FOR EVERY INDUSTRY — NEW and REBUILT M. LEESE 1202-22 Frankford Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. Philip Solomon Successor to Jos. Albert & Son 2100-02-04-06 Bolton Street (Off 21st and Ridge Ave.) PHILADELPHIA, PA. BENJ. SPECTOR FRUIT S.W. Corner 2nd and Dock Streets PHILADELPHIA H. LANDAU & CO. 32 N. Third St., Phila., Pa. JOHN ELLIS Rynes & Freedman Wholesale Fruit and Produce 117 Dock Street Philadelphia SAMUEL ZEITLIN'S SONS SAMUEL SHUMAN MENG'S SONS A FRIEND S. WOLF & SONS Wholesale Distributors of Floor Coverings and Window Shades 1017 ARCH STREET PHILADELPHIA, PENNA. Keystone Phone: Main 4024, 4025, 4026 Bell Phone: Lombard 4423 H. PERILSTEIN JOBBER IN Polished Plate and Window GLASS 515 South Sixth St. PHILADELPHIA 524-32 Lombard St. Warehouse: 510-518 South Randolph Street VICTOR V. CLAD CO. MANUFACTURERS OF Food Service Equipment Full Line of Kitchen Utensils, China, Glass and Silverware 117-119-121 SOUTH 11th STREET PHILADELPHIA Bell: Dewey 8600 Keystone: Main 2301 Established 1893 M. Krakovitz & Sons Co. GLASS 1322 Washington Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. ALLegheny 3333 WEST 2996 The Magen Hardware Co. 5219 Market Street, Philadelphia Wholesale Retail THE MOST COMPLETE HARDWARE STORE Phone Us Your Order Delivery Service GRAnite 3014-15 WEST 1757-58 West. Phila. Electric Supply Co. SUPPLIES — LIGHTING FIXTURES — APPLIANCES 6018-20 Market Street PHILADELPHIA Frank Kelly 8115 Forest Avenue Telephone: Majestic 0369 ELKINS PARK The Hartman Company BOOK BINDERS and PRINTER'S FINISHERS FOLDERS PAMPHLETS 521-527 Vine Street Philadelphia, Pa. Baugh & Sons Company Manufacturers and Importers ANIMAL FEEDS AND FERTILIZERS PHILADELPHIA George Nass & Son, Inc. Lumber and Millwork — Masonite Products Glen'wood Avenue and Dauphin Street Philadelphia, Pa. International Harvester Company of America, Inc. McCormick-Deering Tractors & Power Farming Equipment 2905 North Sixteenth Street Philadelphia, Pa. MAURICE G. COHN, President SAMUEL L. COHN, Secretary-Treasurer Specialty Furniture Company Wholesale Furniture Bell Phone: Lombard 2036 242 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia Philadelphia Manufacturers Mutual Fire Insurance Co. 800 Commercial Trust Building Fifteenth and Market Streets PHILADELPHIA Robert L. Latimer & Co. MILL, MINE, ELEVATOR, CONVEYOR and POWER TRANSMISSION MACHINERY and SUPPLIES 24-26 North Front Street PHILADELPHIA FOR A GOOD SWEEPING COMPOUND Paxson Mfg. Co. 1026 North Third Street PHILADELPHIA ESTABLISHED 1885 Louis Blumberg^s Son SCRAP IRON — METALS 240-56 West Allegheny Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. LEWIS D. GOLDSTEIN CO., Inc. WHOLESALE FRUIT and PRODUCE PRODUCE BUILDING S. W. Cor. Second and Dock Streets Telephone Connections PHILADELPHIA, PA. R. SIPPLE Bell Telephone: MARket 4117 R. SIPPLE & COMPANY WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS DRESSED POULTRY AND EGGS 141 Callowhill Street Philadelphia, Pa. Lombard 8687 Main 8871-8872 L. RESNICK & SONS PAPER — BAGS BASKETS 131 Dock St. 232 S. Front St. PHILADELPHIA, PA. REGent 8600 PARK 2313 Cross Bros. BEEF — VEAL — LAMB Boneless Beef Cuts Abattoirs: 3600 N. FRONT STREET PHILADELPHIA SMITH BROS. Wholesale Commission Dealers SEAFOODS POULTRY GAME N. E. Corner Water and Dock Sts. PHILADELPHIA, PA. Bell Phone: Lombard 2503 — 2504 Keystone: Main 2077 — 2078 Bell, LOMbard 3395 Keystone, MAIN 3371 SALER'S DAIRY STORES INC. Butter, Eggs and Cheese OFFICES 39 S. Front St., Philadelphia, Pa. Warehouse: 32-34-36-38 S. Water Street Bell: Jackson 2825 Keystone: Main 4856 SOUTH PHILA. DRESSED BEEF CO., Inc. WHOLESALE SLAUGHTERERS Beef, Lamb, Veal and By-Products U. S. Government Inspection 232-50 Moore Street Philadelphia, Pa. In Every Good Delicatessen Store Are Tongues That Speak for Us Bernard Pincus 454 to 462 North American Street PHILADELPHIA Bell: Howard 1675 Keystone: Main 50S1 DAVID AVERBACH Manufacturer of and Wholesale Dealer in BOLOGNA — SAUSAGES Pickled Tongues, Beef, etc. S.E. Cor. Moyamensing Ave. & Moore St. PHILADELPHIA Bell Phones : Lombard 3167 ; Lombard 5291 Keystone Phone: Main 3488 HILL'S SEA FOOD WHOLESALE OYSTERS — CLAMS — CRABS CRAB MEAT and SNAPPERS 255-57 South Front Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. Both Phones FRIEDMAN & BELACK Manufacturers and Wholesalers of Fine Provisions 634-36 Washington Avenue PHILADELPHIA U. S. Government Inspected National Casket Company, Inc. The World's Largest Manufacturers of FUNERAL FURNISHINGS BRANCHES IN 30 PRINCIPAL AMERICAN CITIES Philadelphia Branch and Display Rooms 1519-1521 Fairmount Avenue Send for a copy of "Funeral Facts Everyone Should Know" Established 1882 Morris Rosenberg's Son MEMORIAL CHAPELS 2009-2011 North Broad Street Phone — Bell: Stevenson 1644-1645 (Licensed to Conduct Funerals in New Jersey) PHILADELPHIA Boyertown Burial Casket Company "COAST TO COAST" 1211 to 1217 Arch Street Philadelphia, Pa. Asher & Son, Inc. UNDERTAKERS 1309 North Broad Street, Philadelphia ALFRED R. GREENSTEIN, Sec'y-Treas. STEVENSON 3700-3701 Benjamin Berschler FUNERAL DIRECTOR Bell: Lombard 6397 — 8647 730 Pine Street PHILADELPHIA Finney & Son Paramount Memorials, Monuments and Mausoleums Twelfth and Spring Garden Streets PHILADELPHIA MONEY for Mortgages Straight, Reducing or B. & L. with Insured Shares . . . QUICK SERVICE . . . HOWARD B. WILSON & CO. REALTORS 3624 North Broad Street Philadelphia FORREST Quality for Over Half a Century Launderers Cleaners Oriental Rugs — Lace Curtains — Blankets — Pillow Sterilizing COLD STORAGE Atlantic City — Phila. — Ocean City — Camden and Suburban Phones: STE. 2100— PARK 4154 When You Wish Any Electrical Work Installed or Repaired Call Up ALBERT GENTEL, Inc. ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS 1503 COLUMBIA AVENUE PHILADELPHIA, PA. Bell Phone: STEvenson 3680 Keystone Phone: PARK 1194 JAMES E. TAGUE & CO., Inc. Industrial LUMBER YARD Jobbing Ninth below Columbia Avenue PHILADELPHIA Bell: Stevenson 1780 — Keystone: Park 3376 Specializing in Rent Collection N. M. Diamond REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES — INSURANCE — NOTARY PUBLIC N. W. Cor. Twelfth and Girard Avenue PHILADELPHIA DEWey 5706 RACE 4261 2318-20 Washington Avenue CENTRAL STOVE REPAIR and FOUNDRY CO. Stoves, Ranges & Furnace Repairs HOT AIR FURNACES AND BOILERS S. E. Corner 12th and Girard Ave. STEvenson 1724-1725 PARK 1076 DIAMOND COAL & FUEL CO. 1340 Belmont Avenue PHILADELPHIA, PA. Phone: Greenwood 4600 Chas. A. Belz Co. Engrossers of Memorial Resolutions and Testimonials 1711 Walnut Street PHILADELPHIA Zabel Bros. Co., Inc. Color Lithographers S.W. Cor. 5th St. & Columbia Ave. PHILADELPHIA, PA. LOCust 1118 West 2393 Artcraft Venetian Blind Company Manufacturers Factory and Offices 1540 Wood Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. BILT-RITE UPHOLSTERING COMPANY N. E. Cor. 68th and Woodland Avenue PHILADELPHIA, PA. LOMbard 3944-3945 MAIN 8133 STAPLER'S SILKS — WOOLENS 754 South Fourth Street 408-10-14 Fitzwater Street PHILADELPHIA SPRuce 7157-58 RACE 0031 Danzig & Bowers OFFICE SUPPLIES ENGRAVING PRINTING 1625 Ranstead St. Philadelphia, Pa. CARPETS — RUGS WINDOW SHADES WILF BROS. Armstrong's Linoleum 16 North 52nd Street PHILADELPHIA Other Stores: 619 MARKET STREET 5435 GERMANTOWN AVENUE Meet Your Friends at ABRAM'S Hardwear Shoes Cancellations and Sample Shoes S. W. Cor. 55th Street and Haverford Avenue 53 West Chelten Avenue GERMANTOWN S. MARGOLIS COAL Authorized Dealers KOPPERS Philadelphia COKE YARDS: 815 Washington Avenue WALnut 2240 3100 Germantown Avenue RADcliff 2422 4800 Parkside Avenue TRInity 4500 S. W. Cor. Eighth and Washington Ave. HOWard 2030 D. SCHULTZ Incorporated Washable Wall Papers 917-19 West Lehigh Avenue 3163 Frankford Avenue 5901-03 Market Street Main Store and Office 521-525 South Fourth Street PHILADELPHIA RENT A NEW CAR OR TRUCK— DRIVE IT YOURSELF! NEWEST MODELS Plymouths Chevi-olets Open and Closed Trucks All Sizes MILESTONE SYSTEM Drive It Yourself 1526 MARKET STREET SPRuce 3600 1738 N. BROAD STREET FREmont 1738 POP. 6950 RACE 3401 HARRY KROUSE STUDEBAKER Sales and Service 667 North Broad Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. Bell: Keystone: SAGamore 6624 PARK 1493 AUTO WRECKERS Here's Where Service Counts SHORTY'S AUTO PARTS HYMAN ASKIN — SAM GALINSKY PARTS for ALL MAKES of CARS Wrecks Our Specialty Service at All Times 17th and Cambria Streets, Phila. PARK 3335-5880-1763 RADcliff 9516 FOX AUTO PARTS PARTS FOR ALL CARS Wrecks Bought — Glass Installed N. E. Cor. Fox Street and Hunting Park Avenue J. TINKLE PHILADELPHIA, PA. Bell: Regent 2032 Keystone: Park 3286 PINOL MANUFACTURING CO., Inc. Manufacturers of Paints, Oils, Varnishes and Specialties S. W. Cor. Hancock and Berks Sts. PHILADELPHIA Largest Buyers of Wrecked Automobiles RIDGE AUTO REPLACEMENT PARTS CO. Used and New Parts for All Cars PHILADELPHIA S.W. Cor. 29th and Clearfield Sts. Bell, RADcliff 4255 Keystone, PARK 2957 Indiana and Hunting Park Aves. Bell, BALdwin .351.3 Keystone, PARK 1812 Bell Market 8800-8801 Keystone Main 9737 Established 1874 SHOYER'S FAMOUS RESTAURANT Catering- of All Kinds M. GALFUND, Prop. 412 Arch Street Philadelphia Bennett Hall Apartments S.W. Cor. Camac Street and Lindley Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. MAYER I. BLUM BELL PHONE BOOTH BOTTLING COMPANY, Inc. Booth's Pale Dry Ginger Ale Clearfield and Ruth Streets Philadelphia TILLES A Cosmopolitan Restaurant in The Heart of Philadelphia 50c -60c DINNERS 1110-12 Sansom Street Sea Food Steaks Sandwiches Those Who Know Always Sow yvVlCHELLS Seeds Jl8 Market St Phila- ^ Write for Ca^talog- ^' MERCHANT'S PARCEL DELIVERY Established 1883 Packages delivered to all parts of the City and over 150 Suburban Points in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Area exceeding 300 square miles. 1713-27 NORTH ST., PHILA., PA. Race 5359 ROYAL PIONEER PAPER BOX MANUFACTURING CO. INC. 1147 North Fourth Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. EST. 1900 MORT COMPANY PLUMBING, HEATING and BUILDERS' SUPPLIES HARDWARE Fourth Street and Girard Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. A. J. NICK LAUNDRY CO. FRAIMAN HATBORO, PA. S. OSTERNECK & CO., Inc. Manufacturers of NEW BURLAP BAGS Importers of Burlap Dealers in Second-Hand Bags 171-79 West Jefferson Street, Philadelphia, Pa. DR. GEORGE T. HAYMAN HERNIA RECTAL DISEASES VARICOSE VEINS and ULCERS Office and Private Hospital: 153 E. STATE ST., DOYLESTOWN, PA. Phone: Doylestown 4272 Office: PHILA. SAVINGS FUND BUILDING 12 S. Twelfth St., PHILADELPHIA, PA. Phone: WALnut 48.50 TERHUNE, YEREANCE & WOLFF, Inc. Selling Agents New York Life Bldg., New York Clear-Spring Worsted Mills Incorporated MANUFACTURERS OF Textile Fabrics DOYLESTOWN, PENNA. George R. Beidler PERKASIE, PA. Compliments of Doylestown Inn . . . and Bucks County Inn GROFF & CARWITHEN Coal, Fuel Oil, Lumber, Building Materials — Millwork and Roofing Papec Machinery Caterpillar Tractor Electric Furnace-Man Bell Phone 4420 Doylestown, Pa. Sol Duchovnay CHALFONT, PA. DOYLESTOWN STEEL THRESHERS McCORMICK-DEERING FARM MACHINES BARN EQUIPMENT BEAN SPRAYERS SILOS INTERNATIONAL TRUCKS Doylestown Agricultural Company Established 1851 Doylestown, Pennsylvania SPECIAL BONELESS SHAD DINNERS THE FOUNTAIN HOUSE Ye OLDE INN (1748) GEORGE SLOTTER. Proprietor "First Quality Food" Bell Phone 393 Main and State Streets, DOYLESTOWN, PA. Delco — BATTERIES — National PAUL B. MOVER AUTO ELECTRIC PARTS and SERVICE 23 and 25 East Oakland Avenue Phone 4621 DOYLESTOWN, PA. SPORTING GOODS Bell Phone 4053 Estimates Furnished CHARLES H. SHIVE HARDWARE Garden and Flower Seeds PAINTS — OILS — GLASS Main and State Streets Doylestown, Pa. SMITH'S SANITARY DAIRY COMPANY HISTAND BROTHERS Slate and Tin Roofing SMITH'S ICE CREAM Pasteurized Milk and Cream SWEET CREAM BUTTER Bell Phone 246 DOYLESTOWN, PA. Red, Green and Gray Asbestos Shingles Gutters and Spouting Phone 4121 Shop: 67-73 S. Hamilton St. DOYLESTOWN, PA. Phone 261 Leatherman &. Godshall Doylestown Laundry Choice Meats Phone 4245 16 West State Street DOYLESTOWN, PA. DOYLESTOWN - - - PENNA. HERMAN F. VOSS I. ROD DR. WESLEY MASSINGER — Veterinarian CHALFONT, PENNSYLVANIA For Fun . . . FOREST PARK CHALFONT, PA. SWIMMING POOL — AMUSEMENTS — BOATING PICNIC GROUNDS Clymer's Department Store OUR SPECIALTIES: General Electric Refrigerators — Maytag Washing Machines Cabinet Heaters — Perfection Oil Stoves — Radios Hoover Electric Cleaners — Hoosier Kitchen Cabinets Bed Room, Dining Room and Living Room Furniture Bought in Carload Lots Doylestown, Pa. F. D. HartzeFs Sons Company Flour, Feed, Coal, Seeds, Fertilizer, Lumber and Builders' Supplies Chalfont, Pa., and Lansdale, Pa. Compliments of JAMES G. WEST MILK TRANSPORTATION Telephone: Buckingham 3117 FOREST GROVE, PA. Bell Phone JAMES B. FRETZ COAL, LUMBER and BUILDING MATERIALS DOYLESTOWN, PA. NEW BRITAIN, PA. Phone 276 NYCE PLANING MILL COMPANY "Everything to Build Anything" Lumber, Millwork and Building Materials CONCRETE PRODUCTS AND PAINTS North Franklin Street DoylestoMrn, Pa. Complete Banking Service THE DOYLESTOWN NATIONAL BANK & TRUST COMPANY Doylestown, Pennsylvania 1833 - - - - 1943 W. C. Fleck & Bro., Inc. ESTABLISHED 1865 HARDWARE Ogontz 72 — Maj. 2625 JENKINTOWN FRITZLYN FARMS Guernseys W. F. FRETZ PIPERSVILLE PENNA. THRIFT FEED MILL CUSTOM GRINDING AND MIXING DAIRY and POULTRY FEEDS Grain — Molasses — Fertilizer DOYLESTOWN, PA. AT YOUR SERVICE The FIRST NATIONAL BANK of Lansdale COMPLETE BANKING and TRUST SERVICE Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. Bell Telephone 297 LANSDALE ICE & STORAGE COMPANY INCORPORATED Distributors COOLERATOR "TOP-ICER" Requires Ice Once Only Every 4 to 7 Days Lansdale, Pa. Plants Perkasie, Pa. POOL & SON PANTALOON MANUFACTURERS LANSDALE, PA. Arcadia Hosiery Company LANSDALE, PA. H. L. DETWILER — Clothing Manufacturer Telford, Pennsylvania GLENSIDE WHOLESALE CO. CANDY — TOBACCO Glenside, Pa. Lansdale Consumer Discount Co. Loans up to $1,000.00 11 N. Broad Street LANSDALE, PA. Phone 3318 Interstate Hosiery Mills, Inc. NEW YORK CITY, N. Y. CHICAGO, ILL. CLEVELAND, OHIO Plants at Bloomfield, N. J. — Lansdale, Pa. Compliments of The Keller Whilldin Pottery Company MANUFACTURERS OF Standard Flower Pots, Azalea Pots, Bulb Pans, etc. Long Distance Phone 815 NORTH WALES, PENNSYLVANIA Quakertown Clothing Mfg. Co. Tenth and Juniper Streets Quakertown, Penna. Willauer Machine Co. Manufacturers of QUAKERMADE Poultry Equipment QUAKERTOWN, PA. MORRIS T. WALTERS Wholesale Butcher MONTGOMERYVILLE, PA. Bell Phone: 3029, Lansdale . . Compliments of . . . J. A. Gardy Printing Co. • PRINTING • STATIONERY • ADVERTISING 28 W. State Street Phone: 4369 DOYLESTOWN, PA.