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Full text of "Forty-fourth Annual Report of The National Farm School 1941-1942"

Forty 'Fourth Annual Report 



OF 



The National Farm School 




The Isaac H. Silverman Gates 

FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY 
PENNSYLVANIA 

1941- 1942 




Joseph Krauskopf, Founder 
First President IS 96-1 923 




The Joseph Kravskopf Library contains nearly 10,000 volumes in the 

main section. Adjoining the Library is a room which reprodtices in 

exact detail the foundo's library in his former Philadelphia home and 

contains his personal collection of 7,500 volumes. 




Herbert D. All.man 

Second President 1926-1938 

Honorary President 1938-194^2 



MEMORIAL TRIBUTE 

to 

HERBERT D. ALLMAN, Honorary President 

by the 

Board of Trustees of The National Farm School 
January 18, 1942 



Herbert D. Allman, Honorary President of The 
National Farm School, passed from this life on Janu- 
ary 13, 1942, in his 79th year, leaving us to mourn the 
loss of one of the few remaining veteran leaders and 
beloved benefactors of the School and, 

Whereas, Herbert D. Allman came to the School in 
the prime of his manhood and for over thirty years 
enriched it with his means, his constant toil and sacri- 
fices ; giving it his entire time, administrative and 
business talents. 

The imprint of his labor is evidenced by the in- 
crease of its wide flung acres, its many buildings and 
by its faculty and student body. 

Step by step, he passed from a trusteeship to im- 
portant committee work, to the Vice-Presidency, and 
finally to fifteen years' service as President. 

His noble character, personal charm and cultural 
attainments were always manifest in the performance 
of his tasks for the School as well as in his personal 
life. As the years passed, these qualities endeared him 
more and more to his fellow trustees, faculty, students, 
alumni and friends. 

The memory of his zealous devotion to The National 
Farm School he loved so dearly and served so nobly 
will always be an inspiration and challenge to the 
trustees, faculty and students. 

His recent years of illness deprived the School of 
his wise counsel and leadership. 

Now, be it resolved, at a meeting of the Board of 
Trustees held at the School on January 18, 1942, we 
record our great obligation to him, and his passing 
with our deep sorrow ; we extend our sincere sympathy 
to his children and family ; that a copy of these minutes 
be sent to The Jewish Exponent and The Jewish Times 
and an engrossed copy be sent to his family ; the Her- 
bert D. Allman Building be draped in mourning for a 
period of thirty days, and a tree be planted on the 
grounds of the School and consecrated to his memory. 
COMMITTEE: 

H. B. ALLEN LEON MERZ 

ISIDORE BAYLSON JAMES WORK 

W H FINESHRIBER HARRY B. HIRSH, Chairman 



OFFICERS AND BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Harold B. Allen, President 
Louis Nusbaum, Vice-President 
Maurice Jacobs, Second Vice-President 
Leon Rosenbaum, Treasurer 
Miss E. M. Belfield, Secretary 



Joseph H. Hagedorn, Chairman Board of Trustees 

HONORARY MEMBERS 
(Having Served for Ten Consecutive Years) 



Isidore Baylson Stanley H. Hinlein 

David Burpee Louis A. Hirsch 

Harry Burstein Harry B. Hirsh 

Dr. Wm. H. Fineshriber Maurice Jacobs 



Horace T. Fleisher 
Jos. H. Hagedorn 
Roy a. Heymann 
Julian A. Hillman 
Jos. H. Hinlein 



Chas. Kline 
Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf 
M. R. Krauskopf 
Leon Merz 



Elias Nusbaum 
Dr. Louis Nusbaum 
Leon Rosenbaum 
Louis Schlesinger 
Edwin H. Silverman 
Philip Sterling 
Isaac Stern 
James Work 



Term Exjnres 194-2 
Edwin B. Elson 
Wm. Fretz 
Benjamin Goldberg 
Dr. S. S. Greenbaum 
Dr. a. Spencer Kaufman 
Theo. G. Rich 
Nathan J. Snellenburg 
Dr. Leon Solis-Cohen 
Edwin H. Weil 



ELECTED MEMBERS 

Term Exjnres 19Jf3 
Sydney K. Allman, Jr. 
Mrs. a. J. Bamberger 
Samuel Cooke 
Al. Paul Lefton 
Dole L. Levy 
Walter Rosskam 
Harry H. Rubenstein 
Emanuel Wirkman 



Term Expires 19 UU 
Walter Bishop 
J. Griffith Boardman 
Sylvan D. Einstein 
Lester Hano 
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles 
David H. Pleet 
Israel Stiefel 
Dr. Max Trumper 



Dr. Willard C. Thompson 



WOMEN'S AUXILIARY COMMITTEE 

Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf, Chairman 
Mrs. Theodore Netter, Treasurer Mrs. David Frankel, Secretary 

Mrs. a. J. Bamberger Mrs. Sig. Guggenheim Mrs. A. Marks 

Mrs. Henry S. Belber Mrs. Hiram Hirsch 

Mrs. D. T. Berlizheimer Mrs. M. J. Karpeles 
Mrs. Leon Cohen Mrs. Carrie Kaufman 

Mrs. Sol Flock Mrs. A. M. Klein 

Miss Belle Floersheim Mrs. M. R. Krauskopf 
Mrs. Albert M.Greenfield Mrs. Sidney Lowenstein 



Mrs. J. P. Morrison 
Mrs. Abraham Orlow 
Mrs. Samuel Paley 
Mrs. Wm. Fleet 
Mrs. Maurice E. Stern 



Miss A. M. Abrahamson, Mrs. L. Bonsall, 
Field Secretaries 



Miss Helen L. Strauss, Director of Public Relations 

6 



NATIONAL BOARD OF STATE DIRECTORS 

LOUIS SCHLESINGER, Newark, N. J., Chairman 
ISAAC STERN, New York City, Associate Chairman 



Edmund H. Abrahams, Savannah, Ga. 

B. Abrohams, Green Bay, Wis. 

Sam Albrecht. Vicksburg, Miss. 

Henry A. Alexander, Atlanta, Ga. 

Arthur A. Aronson, Raleigh, N. C. 

Marcus Bachenheimer, Wheeling, W. Va. 

Melvin Behrends, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Henry J. Berkowitz, Portland, Ore. 

I. W. Bernheim, Denver, Col. 

W. P. Bloom, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

R. D. Blum, Nashville, Tenn. 

S. B. Brunwasser, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Edgar M. Cahn, New Orleans, La. 

Gabriel M. Cohen, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Juluis L. Cohen, Superior, Wis. 

Louis Cohen, Ft. Smith, Ark. 

Miss Felice Cohn, Reno, Nev. 

Herman Cone, Greensboro, N. C. 

Allen V. deFord, Washington, D. C. 

Max de Jong, Evansville, Ind. 

Carroll Downes, Jr., Kansas City, Mo. 

Nathan Eckstein, Seattle, Wash. 

Samuel Edelberg, Saranac Lake, N. Y. 

Herbert U. Feibelman, Miami, Fla. 

Rabbi J. B. Feibelman, New Orleans, La. 

Rabbi A. J. Feldman, Hartford, Conn. 

Stanley Frank, San Antonio, Tex. 

A. Frankel, Sr., Des Moines, la. 

Ike L. Freed, Houston, Tex. 

Max Friedwald, Billings, Mont. 

Louis M. Fushan, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Judge Edward I. Gleszer, Bangor, Me. 

Milton D. Greenbaum, Baltimore, Md. 

N. Greengard. Mandan, N. D. 

S. Gugenheim, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg, New York, N. Y. 

Judge Samuel J. Harris, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Sieg. Harzfeld, Kansas City, Mo. 

Hugo Heiman, Little Rock, Ark. 

Harry Hirsch, Toledo, O. 

Wm. L. Holzman, Beverly Hills, Cal. 

Robt. W. Isaacs, Clayton, N. M. 

Simon Jankowsky, Tulsa, Okla. 

Carl H. Kahn, Chicago, 111. 

Thos. Kapner, Bellaire, O. 

Edmund I. Kaufmann, Washington, D. C 

Howard Kayser, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Samuel E. Kohn, Denver, Col. 

Daniel E. Koshland, San Francisco, Cal. 

Rabbi Isaac Landman, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

G. Irving Latz, Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Isidore Lehman, Jackson, Miss. 

Jos. G. Lehman, Dayton, O. 

Bernard Levitt, Wichita, Kan. 

Dan A. Levy, Fort Worth, Tex. 

Dr. I. H. Levy, Syracuse, N. Y. 

M. Lipinsky, Asheville, N. C. 



Alex. Lischkoff, Pensacola, Fla. 

J. H. Loveman, Birmingham, Ala. 

A. L. Luria. Reading, Pa. 

H. A. Mackoff, Dickinson, N. D. 

Herbert Marcus, Dallas, Tex. 

Ben. H. May, Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Isaac May, Rome, Ga. 

Jewell Mayes, Richmond, Mo. 

Sam Meyer, Meridian, Miss. 

William Meyer, Butte, Mont. 

M. G. Michael, Athens, Ga. 

L. Migel, Waco, Tex. 

Abe Miller, Chicago, 111. 

Louis Mosenfelder, Rock Island, 111. 

Herbert A. Moses, Sumter, S. C. 

N. Murov, Shreveport, La. 

Chas. Nussbaum, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Michael Panovitz, Grand Forks, N. D. 

Dr. I. E. Philo, Youngstown, O. 

Judge Max L. Pinansky, Portland, Me. 

Myron Porges, Pocatello, Idaho 

James A. Pratt, Loch Raven, Md. 

Chas. S. Rauh, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Hiram S. Rivitz, Cleveland, O. 

Alex Rosen, Bismarck, N. D. 

Bernath Rosenfeld, Tucson, Ariz. 

Arthur Rosenstein, Boston, Mass. 

Emil Rosentock, Sioux City, la. 

Dr. Henry Ross, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dr. Leo S. Rowe, Washington, D. C. 

Samuel Rudley, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Oliver R. Sabin, New York, N. Y. 

Henry Sachs, Colorado Springs, Col. 

Judge S. B. Schein, Madison, Wis. 

Charles Schoen, Cedar Rapids, la. 

Dr. Laurence Selling, Portland, Ore. 

Max Semel. New York, N. Y. 

David Snellenburg, Wilmington, Del. 

Morris Stern, San Antonio, Tex. 

Samuel Stern, Fargo, N. D. 

Edward Stiles, Montpelier, Vt. 

Bertram A. Stroock, Newburgh, N. Y. 

Milton Sulzberger, Providence, R. I. 

Louis Tober, Portsmouth, N. H. 

Louis Veta, Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Eugene Warner, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Jerome A. Waterman, Tampa, Fla. 

Adolph Weil, Paducah, Ky. 

Isadore Weil, Montgomery, Ala. 

Herschel Weil, Lexington, Ky. 

Lionel Weil, Goldsboro, N. C. 

Morris Weil, Lincoln, Neb. 

Leo Weinberg, Frederick, Md. 

Henry Weinberger, San Diego, Cal. 

M. J. Weiss, Alexandria, La. 

S. D. Wise. Cleveland, O. 



NEW YORK COMMITTEE 



Lester J. Alexander 

Hon. William D. Baer 

Samuel Berliner 

Walter Hart Blumenthal 

H. H. Butler 

Hon. Abram I. Elkus 

Joseph Engel 

Manfred Goldman 

Rev. Dr. Israel Goldstein 

Frederick William Greenfield 

Dr. Louis I. Harris 

Dr. Herbert M. Kaufmann 

Rev. Dr. Nathan Krass 

Hon. Herbert H. Lehman 

Hon. Samuel D. Levy 

Leopold J. Lippmann 

Dr. Louis C. Lowenstein 

Jesse J. Ludwig 



Benjamin Mordecai 

Rev. Dr. Louis I. Newman 

Hon. Algernon I. Nova 

Hugo H. Piesen 

David L. Podell 

Louis P. Rocker 

Sidney R. Rosenau 

Aaron Sapiro 

Otto B. Shulhof 

Sigmund Stein 

Isaac Stern 

Rev. Dr. Nathan Stern 

Hon. Aaron Steuer 

Bertram A. Stroock 

Benjamin Veit 

Jerome Waller 

Rev. Dr. Stephen S. Wise 

Isidore Witmark 



FACULTY AND STAFF 

Harold B. Allen, B.Sc, M.Sc, Litt.D. (Rutgers University), President. 

William O. Strong, B.Sc. (Cornell University), Dean of Agriculture; 
Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, Farm Management. 

Samuel B. Samuels, B.Sc. (Massachusetts State College), Director of Ath- 
letics, Instructor in Rural Sociology, Purchasing Agent. 

Robert M. Lumianski, B.A. (University of South Carolina) M.A. (Univer- 
sity of South Carolina), Director of Student Relations. 

J. Claud F. Strong, A.B. (University of Delaware), Secretary to the 
President. 

Maud Briel Maines (Drexel Institute), Librarian. 

Samuel J. Gurbarg, B.A. (University of Pennsylvania), LL.B. (Temple 
University Law School), Field Educational Director 

Russell E. Weaver, B.Sc. (Pennsylvania State College), Assistant Farm 
Manager, Instructor in Farm Crops. 

Harry Rothman, B.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agriculture), As- 
sistant in Field Crops, Instructor in Soil Management. 

Edwin Webster, B.Sc. (Pennsylvania State College), Field Foreman. 

I. Frank Antonioli, B.Sc. (Pennsylvania State College), Instructor in 
Farm Shop and Mathematics. 

David M. Purmell, B.Sc. (Michigan State College), In Charge of Fruit and 
Vegetable Department, Instructor in Horticulture. 

Solomon L. Soskin (The National Farm School), Assistant in Horticulture. 

Aaron Small, B.Sc. (Rutgers University), In Charge of Greenhouse De- 
partment, Instructor in Floriculture. 

Herman G. Fiesser (Gartenbauschule, Geisenheim, Germany), In Charge 
of Landscape Department, Instructor in Landscaping. 

Leroy W. Ingham, B.Sc. (University of Nebraska), M.Sc. (University of 
California), In Charge of Animal Husbandry Department, Instruc- 
tor in Animal Husbandry. 

Philip Ellman, B.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agriculture), Assis- 
tant in Animal Husbandry; Instructor in Creamery Management 
and Dairy Products. 

Wesley Massinger, D.V.S. (New York University), School Veterinarian, 
Instructor in Veterinary Science. 

Floyd Cook, Herdsman. 

Samuel H. Meisler, B.Sc, M.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agricul- 
ture), In Charge of Poultry Department, Instructor in Poultry 
Husbandry. 

Robert Goldman, B.Sc. (Connecticut Agricultural College), Assistant in 
Poultry Husbandry. 

Henry Schmieder, B.A., M.Sc. (University of Pennsylvania), Instructor in 
Natural Science and Business English, In Charge of Apiary. 

Herman Silverman (The National Farm School), Manager Roadside 
Market. 

Samuel Hankin, B.A. (Temple University), M.A. (University of Penn- 
sylvania), M.D. (Temple Medical College), School Physician. 

Eva R. Hobbs, R.N., Nurse, In Charge of Infirmary. 

Lieutenant Joseph Frankel (Director of the Philadelphia Municipal 
Band), Band Master and Musical Instructor. 



I I 



TO FARM IS TO ARM 

A STATEMENT 
BY THE PRESIDENT OF 

THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 



1 1 




"The National 
Farm School has a 
vital role to play in 
these critical times. 
The battle for food 
is as essential to 
winning the war as 
the battle of arma- 
ments. At The Na- 
tional Farm School 
we are geared to 
war production. 
Here on our exten- 
sive acreage, in our 
poultry plant, in 
our dairies, in our 
farm shops, city 
boys are not only 
preparing for fu- 
ture usefulness in 
agricultural voca- 
tions, but even 
while in training, 
under practical in- 
structors, they pro- 
duce large quanti- 
ties of food as a 
part of the learn- 
ing process." 



"Old Glory" Waving in Front 
OF Administration Building 



♦SLOGAN ADOPTED BY THE FOUNDER, DURING WORLD WAR I 




Harold B. Allen, President 



Annual Report of the President 

H. B. ALLEN 

to the 

FORTY-FOURTH ANNUAL MEETING 

of 

The National Farm School 

October 19, 1941 



Once again we are gathered together to offer thanks for 
the bountiful gifts of the earth. Among us here in America, 
we still have great cause to rejoice as we enter our traditional 
season of thanksgiving ; while over a large part of the world, 
this truly is a time of "blood, sweat, and tears." 

Here at the Farm School, our harvest this year has been 
plentiful indeed. There is ample evidence of this in the abund- 
ance we see here on every side. And how thankful we should 
be when we consider the vital need of such products as these. 
Apparently, this is Nature's answer to the call to arm. With 
resources such as those you see here, we can, in the end, beat 
down this monster that is again, within the space of twenty- 
five short years, ravaging the whole earth. 

For the first part of my annual report, I am taking the 
liberty of quoting a few paragraphs from a speech which was 
written quite some years ago. By so doing, I am able better to 
characterize these uncertain times and to indicate the clear 
responsibility that is ours in this present crisis. 

"A year ago, when last we met in annual session, we 
offered up a prayer of thanksgiving that our beloved 
America was serene and secure against the debacle of 
civilization. . . . 

"Today, we meet amidst the clamor and tumult of war. 
America is buckling on its armor. ... In a score of 
encampments, scattered throughout the country, a million 
of our youth . . . are democratically assembled, to learn 
the new, the paramount business of America — the business 
of war. . . . 

"What are we to do, who for one reason or another are 
barred from donning the khaki, from shouldering the 
rifle? What service can we render to uphold our country's 
cause, to bring victory not only to this democracy, but also 



11 



to the democracies of the world? Shall we retrench? Shall 
we practice economy? Shall we speed up the machineries 
which will increase the military resources of the land? 
These things we shall do gladly! Shall we give of our 
treasures? Shall we buy War Bonds as freely as we would 
dividend-paying stocks and bonds? That we have done and 
shall do without stint, without misgiving! Shall we pay 
double and treble taxes? That, too, we shall do, cheerfully, 
eagerly! . . . 

"There is one other thing we can do, perhaps the 
greatest of all. We can practice conservation — the hus- 
banding of all our vast energies, of all our vast resources, 
and their increase. 

"Wars are no longer won by hurling upon the enemy 
vast hordes of men alone. . . . When hunger is abroad 
in the land, when grain and potatoes and meat and milk 
are luxuries almost beyond price, the proudest army must 
be humbled and the flaunting banners must trail in the 
dust. 

"Hence, it follows that the best, the highest service we 
can render is to conserve, yea, to increase for our beloved 
country the staple necessities, to place the danger of 
hunger far from us. Thus shall we add valor to our 
courageous armies, strength to their prowess, and make 
the victory swift and sure. . . . 

"Today in the midst of all the vast preparations for 
war, the world has come to realize that even as important 
as the man with the gun is the man with the hoe. TO 
FARM IS TO ARM— that is the slogan for us who cannot 
arm with sword and rifle and bayonet. We, too, must arm — 
with the plough, the reaper, and the sickle. While the 
embattled youth of the land goes forth to do, to die, to win, 
we who stay behind must fill the granaries of the land, 
must cause our store-houses and our larders to overflow 
with plenteous harvests. . . ." 

These are words that were spoken by our Founder in his 
Twentieth Annual Message. It was the Harvest Festival of 
October, 1917. Some of you here today were present on that 
memorable occasion. War had been declared only a few months 
before ; the country was in much the same situation — the same 
state of mind — as we find it in these days of undeclared war. 
Moreover, our present enemy — the scourge of the whole civil- 

12 



ized world — is still the same barbaric Hun ; only today still 
more ruthless, much better trained in systematic looting, and 
thoroughly schooled in the latest science of destruction. 
In my message of last year, I made this statement : 

"An institution that prepares young men from the city 
to face successfully the more rigorous life that is involved 
in farm work; that trains them to produce efficiently and 
skillfully the foodstuffs and other agricultural products 
that are vital to the nation's economy is contributing most 
effectively to our first line of defense. Should the present 
crisis continue, such training will become increasingly 
important." 

The crisis has continued ; and agriculture in all its diversi- 
fied aspects, including the training for farming has become 
day by day more important. And in this light, it is so viewed 
by our Federal Government. It was only a few months ago, in 
a nation-wide broadcast that Brigadier-General Lewis B. 
Hershey, Deputy Director of Selective Service, directed the 
attention of all local boards to the vital importance of agri- 
culture in our program of national defense. He explained that 
the purpose of the Selective Service System is, fundamentally, 
to place men where they are most needed. In this connection, he 
emphasized the skill that is required in successful farming, 
the long training period that is involved, to say nothing of the 
diflficulty the average individual finds in adapting himself to 
the life of a farmer. And then more recently, came the state- 
ment of Secretary of Agriculture Wickard who insisted that 
it is the patriotic duty of young men engaged in farming to 
apply for deferment in order that they may serve their country 
in the field for which they are best fitted, and in which they are 
so greatly needed. 

As a result of this point of view, so forcibly stressed by our 
national leaders, local boards all over the country have re- 
sponded to the need by promptly granting agricultural classi- 
fication to National Farm School students and teachers. They 
have recognized that our young men are not merely studying 
agricultural science for some possible use later on, but that 
they are producing raw materials from the earth as an 
integral part of their training. They have noted that our 
teachers are not simply instructing from textbooks, but that 
they are practical operators who are managing successfully, 
with the aid of their students, those farm enterprises which 
they teach. And so, under the policy now in force in this 

13 



country, our people here — both instructors and students — 
are virtually drafted for this vital service. And what a tre- 
mendous responsibility this places upon us to give of our 
best — without stint and without complaint. With sound fore- 
sight, our Board of Trustees saw to it this past season that 
we had ample machinery with which to sow and to reap. Our 
students and faculty have worked as never before. As if to 
co-operate in this great battle for food, Providence has this 
year given us most bountiful harvests. Our barns and our silos 
and all available space are filled to overflowing, and still there 
are crops to come in. 

Farm schools, like all enterprises of an agricultural nature, 
are usually forced to give way to the shorter hours and higher 
pay of an expanding industry. This is the case in the present 
crisis. I expect we should be happy in a way that we are so 
closely geared to the normal life of our American society. At 
any rate, in losing students, as we are, to the ready employ- 
ment and the exceptional wages that now prevail in industry, 
we are facing the same problem that every farmer today 
meets. It was the same in the last w^ar. In that 1917 speech of 
Dr. Krauskopf, quoted earlier in my report, he told how one 
quarter of the student body had been quickly lost after the 
enrollment had been painstakingly built up to approximately 
100, an all-time high for that period. 

From the largest Commencement Class totaling 30 in 1916, 
the graduates dropped the next year to 17 and then down to 12. 
This was obviously the time to plead for modern farm machin- 
ery, and in the following year the Farm School secured its 
first tractor. And so, however difficult we may consider our 
problems today, it can truthfully be stated that the School has 
in years past met and survived many handicaps quite as dis- 
couraging as any we face at this moment. 

It is customary on this occasion to list a few of the out- 
standing achievements of the year. A detailed summary of 
each branch of the School would require too much space and 
consume too much time to be given here. Those who are inter- 
ested can secure such information from the departmental re- 
ports which are filed in the Library. In my annual message, I 
can provide only the briefest of resumes. 

As already indicated, most of our crops have shown yields 
which might well make any good farmer feel proud. As a 
result of wise planning on the part of our agronomy instruc- 
tors, even the poor hay crop, which was caused by the drought 

14 



(At Right) 

Morris Lasker 

Domestic 

Hall 

(Bottom) ■ 
rosetta m. 

Ulman 
Dormitories 





of April and May, was neatly offset by substitute plantings. 
With the apple crop of the Eastern seaboard off by from 4 to 
20 per cent, our own crop is twice that of last year and prac- 
tically at full capacity for the orchard. 

During the past three years, the average annual produc- 
tion per cow in our dairy has increased by over 1,000 lbs. For 
the first time in the history of the School, the Dairy main- 
tained its winter shipment of milk with practically no seasonal 
drop. This is a goal of good dairy management that is always 
attempted but seldom achieved. Again, as in previous years, 
two or three of our farm animals attained national records of 
one kind or another. 

Another illustration of gradual improvement is to be found 
in our Poultry Department. One of the aims in this enterprise 
is to bring a flock into high production as early in the fall sea- 
son as possible. This is the period of greatest demand. During 
the past two years, the Poultry Department has increased its 
egg production during the months of August and September 
by over 60 per cent — 74,649 eggs to 122,235 eggs — with no 
increase in the average yearly size of the flock. Out of 36,873 
eggs set in our Robbins incubator, 27,343 chicks were pro- 
duced this past spring, or 74.1 per cent. Commercial hatcheries 
aim to average about 70 per cent. 

The flowers of our greenhouses responded with one of the 
best production years we have had in some time. Landscape 
more than doubled its output of nursery stock and plant 
materials. The Roadside Market, through its neat displays and 
courteous treatment of visitors, has been fulfilling its objective 
of "selling" Farm School. Even our 30 hives of busy bees 
made up for their poor showing of a year ago by producing a 
ton of salable honey. 

For this wonderful showing all down the line, I wish to pay 
public tribute to the students for their hard work and to the 
instructors for their excellent management. This fine record 
means that The National Farm School is truly unique in its 
ability to combine practical management with sound instruc- 
tion. Vocational education is of necessity quite expensive and 
usually rather wasteful as far as real production is concerned. 
This is true of agricultural schools devoted to the training of 
farm boys; it is particularly true of farm training that is 
designed for young men from the city. And yet The National 
Farm School has the distinction of maintaining a high record 
of production in practically every line, while training city boys 

16 



in the vocation of farming. Just stop to consider, if you will, 
the educational value that is inherent in a situation which 
permits a Farm School student proudly to point to such a 
record of production. 

We could tell you, if we chose, of the problems we face; 
the discouragements we suffer — the difficulties of getting and 
keeping students in the face of an expanding industry, and 
just when America needs trained farmers most; of the seem- 
ing lack of response on the part of some of our friends who 
could give more generously if they would ; of the hard work 
that is constantly pressing in upon us from every side. We 
could reflect on the difficulty we daily encounter of explaining 
to well-meaning persons how utterly impossible it is for any 
school farm, however well run, to contribute much to salaries of 
teachers, campus roads, building up-keep, educational supplies, 
and the hundreds of other items that are required in financing 
an institution. But why dwell upon such thoughts when we 
have so much for which to be grateful. 

There are other bits of progress that might well be re- 
counted at this time of taking stock. During the past year, 
112 books were added to the collection in our Library. These 
were all gifts of good friends brought in by the energy and 
perseverance of our able Librarian. Our athletic teams gave a 
good account of themselves during the past twelve months 
with a football season that has been described by the experts 
as good, a basketball record that was excellent and baseball 
winnings that marked a high point for the past several years. 
Following over 15 years of faithful service, our practical 
nurse, Mrs. Zedricks, resigned to be succeeded by a Registered 
Nurse. The Ladies' Auxiliary has refurnished our Reception 
Room and contributed mattresses for our dormitories. Last 
spring we broke ground for a new addition to our sacred little 
Chapel and only the problem of priorities has prevented our 
proceeding with construction. 

With the support of our Board of Trustees, we have been 
permitted to inaugurate a vigorous program of plant improve- 
ment. As a result of this policy, our farm buildings are now 
all repainted. No. 3 Barn is completely renovated after years 
of neglect. Certain buildings are to be razed. Old farm machin- 
ery has been largely replaced with new and modern equip- 
ment. Even our roads are to receive special attention. At this 
very moment, a contractor with powerful modern machinery 
is grading several of our farm roads free of charge, as a result 

17 



of special arrangements made by certain of our Trustees. 

The National Alumni Association gave their Alma Mater 
a check for $500 at the last Annual Reunion to purchase a con- 
veyor for coal. By this action, students will be relieved in the 
future of the bugbear of loading and unloading by hand great 
quantities of coal brought to our siding in freight cars. Our 
ov^n students raised over $1,000 for a suitable recreation room 
in the basement of Lasker Hall. 

We are happy that so many organizations are coming to 
avail themselves of the facilities and the hospitality of The 
National Farm School. The Southeastern Pennsylvania Baby 
Chick Association recently held its annual meeting at the 
Farm School. The Delaware Valley Goat Association regularly 
holds its Conferences here. The Bucks County Kennel Club 
held weekly training classes at the School all through the 
summer months. This organization also has conducted at the 
School three large shows that brought many substantial 
visitors not only from all over Bucks County but from a wide 
area beyond. 

The Doylestown Township Public School system is co- 
operating with The National Farm School in conducting a 
series of Federal defense courses for out-of-school youth in 
this area. These evening classes have already started and are 
adding considerably to the contribution that Farm School is 
making to the present emergency needs of the country. 

Our senior students, always with jobs waiting for them 
when they graduate, were this year in greater demand than 
ever before. Six of our '41 men were refugee students. We are 
exceedingly happy to report that all six found immediate em- 
ployment. Many of our graduates (also a number of under- 
graduates) have responded to the urge to serve their country 
along military lines. As a result, two are now stationed in Ice- 
land, several are in the Air Corps, some are in the Army, one 
or two in the Marines, and still others in the Navy. 

In closing, we desire, in brief tribute, to recall those of 
our Trustees and other close friends who have passed away 
during the year just now ending. We suffered the loss of such 
life-long supporters as Hart Blumenthal, Isaac Silverman, 
Joseph Snellenburg, Mrs. Schoneman, and Mr. and Mrs. Kohn. 
Several of our departed friends concluded a life time of giving 
by leaving substantial bequests to the Farm School. Of these 
the most outstanding were $5,000 from Mr. Isaac Silverman, 

18 



of our Board of Trustees ; $5,000 from Mr. Edward M. Chase, 
of our National Board; $1,000 from Cornelia and Julia Cans, 
and $1,000 from Harry F. Louchheim. 

With these hurried facts gleaned from another year of our 
nearly half-century of existence, we welcome you here today. 
We desire to express our deep appreciation for the interest 
you have manifested in our welfare and we pray for your con- 
tinued support. With the spirit of the Founder everywhere 
pervading- this place, we shall continue to survive the most 
difficult days that an unsettled world may have in store for 
mankind. 




15,000 feet under glass and several acres in 

flowers afford excellent facilities for practical 

training in commercial floriculture. 



19 



ISAAC H. SILVERMAN 
Benefactor, Trustee, Treasurer 

For more than forty years he enriched The Na- 
tional Farm School in these high offices by a lavish out- 
pouring of his means, his brilliant mind, and wise 
experience. 

His energy, his high character, and his enthusiastic 
faith in the ideals of the School made him a bulwark 
of strength to the Founder, the Trustees, the faculty, 
and the students. 

His keen intellect and unusual acumen in matters 
of business and finance were complemented by a deep 
interest in and love of the spiritual and cultural things 
of life. 

His death on May 12, 1941, is a heavy loss to the 
School and to the cause which it represents. 

At a meeting of the Board of Trustees held Sunday, 
May 18, 1941, by a silent rising vote, his associates 
recorded his passing with profound sorrow. 

It was resolved that these sentiments be inscribed 
upon the minutes of the Board and an engrossed copy 
be sent to his family with the heartfelt sympathy of 
his associates. 

It was further resolved that a tree be planted on 
the grounds of The National Farm School and con- 
secrated to his memory. 

COMMITTEE: 

H. B. ALLEN 

HERBERT D. ALLMAN 

MRS. ALBERT J. BAMBERGER 

JOSEPH H. HAGEDORN 

MRS. JOSEPH KRAUSKOPF 

LEON MERZ 

HARRY B. HIRSH, Chairman 



20 



The Board of Trustees of The National Farm 
School at a meeting held on Sunday, May 18, 1941, 
noted with sincere regret by a rising silent vote the 
passing on April 27, 1941, of 

JOSEPH N. SNELLENBURG 

one of the oldest members of the Board in point of ser- 
vice. He had a sincere interest in all the activities of 
the School. His judgment of men and his widespread 
contact with affairs made him a particularly useful 
and valuable member of the School's councils. His 
knowledge of business affairs, and especially of 
finances, was always useful in giving the School wise 
advice and help in these fields. 

Mr. Snellenburg always exhibited a friendly inter- 
est in the pupils of the School, and in his unostenta- 
tious way his influence was exerted to the benefit of 
faculty and pupils. His fellow members of the Board 
of Trustees greatly appreciated the opportunity for 
close contact and association with him because of his 
fine personal traits. Therefore, be it 

RESOLVED that the Board of Trustees of The 
National Farm School hereby records its sincere re- 
gret at the death of Joseph N. Snellenberg, and takes 
this means of expressing its sense of the loss sustained 
by the School and by the Board of Trustees as indi- 
viduals, and be it further 

RESOLVED that a tree be planted in memory of 
Mr. Snellenburg and that an engrossed copy of this 
minute be transmitted to his beloved wife and family. 

COMMITTEE : 

H. B. ALLEN 

HERBERT D. ALLMAN 

JOSEPH H. HAGEDORN 

MANFRED R. KRAUSKOPF 

MRS. JOSEPH KRAUSKOPF 

LEON MERZ 

LOUIS NUSBAUM, Chairman 



21 



At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of The 
National Farm School held May 18, 1941, the follow- 
ing resolutions were adopted by a rising vote of silence. 

ROSA B. SCHONEMAN 

a devoted member, went to her final rest May 11, 1941. 
She attained the ripe age of more than 88 years, and 
during many years had given her time and energy to 
the welfare of her surroundings whether domestic, 
communal, or civic. 

Shortly after moving to Philadelphia, she became 
interested in The National Farm School and joined the 
Women's Auxiliary Committee, where she remained 
active almost to her dying day. She organized its Sew- 
ing Circle, for a number of years was its Chairman, 
and later became a member of the Board of Trustees. 
She was untiring in her efforts and always young in 
her ideas. 

The National Farm School has lost a true and de- 
voted friend and worker; therefore, be it 

RESOLVED that a record of this sad loss be in- 
serted in the Minutes of the Board of Trustees, and 
also in those of the Women's Auxiliary Committee, 
that a rising vote of silent remembrance be taken, and 
an expression of deepest sympathy be sent to her 
bereaved family. 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a tree be 
planted on the grounds of The National Farm School 
in her memory, and a copy of this Resolution be sent 
to the Jewish Press. 

COMMITTEE: 
H. B. ALLEN 
EDNA F. BAMBERGER 
JOSEPH H. HAGEDORN 
HARRY B. HIRSH 
CLARA P. KLEIN 
SYBIL F. KRAUSKOPF, Chairman 



22 





(At Top) Adolph Segal Hall, which contains 
Laboratories, Classrooms and Doi'witory Floors. 

(Bottom) A Typical Classroom Scene in the 
Chemical Laboratory. 



23 





Tivo illustrations of supervised practice in the Farm Crops Departtnent. 
All of the practical work of preparing the soil, seeding, planting and 
harvesting on the extensive acreage is carried on by the students under 

facility direction. 



24 



FORTY-FIRST ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES 

and 

Ground-Breaking Ceremonies for New Chapel 

March 23, 1941 

The Forty-first Annual Commencement Exercises of The 
National Farm School were held in the Louchheim Auditorium 
on the grounds of the School, Sunday afternoon, March 23, 
1941. At the close of the Commencement Exercises, ground 
was broken for a new chapel. 

The academic procession entered the beautifully decorated 
auditorium at 2.15 P.M. The entire student body joined in the 
school song, after which the exercises were opened with a 
prayer by Rabbi Joseph PHein, of Philadelphia. The Gradu- 
ation Address was delivered by Dr. C. H. Lane, Federal Agent 
for Agricultural Education, U. S. Office of Education, Wash- 
ington, D. C. Dr. Lane urged the graduates to continue their 
agricultural studies wherever they might find themselves, and 
if called to military service, to return to the farm afterward. 
"The ownership of land and farms by thousands of individuals 
is the bulwark of America," Dr. Lane said, and added that 
''the outlook for the farmer is much brighter today than ever 
before because of the attitude of the national government 
toward the farmers." "As farmers, you will probably not 
become millionaires," he told them, "but you will be holding 
up one of the strongest traditions of America." 

Thirty graduates from nineteen different cities and ten 
states, including several from the Pacific coast, received 
diplomas for completing the three-years' course. Six of the 
graduates were refugees who found in the opportunities which 
the School made available to them, new hope for useful lives 
as tillers of the soil. 

Kurt Nathan, one of the refugee students, who entered 
from Binghamton, New York, was valedictorian. This student 
also received four awards, one for the highest scholastic 
attainment, one for the most capable work in horticulture, a 
third as the most outstanding refugee student, and finally a 
post-graduate fellowship, which enabled him to remain at the 
School another year. Allan Sobelman, of Ivyland, Pennsyl- 
vania, was salutatorian, and received an award as the "most 
capable and efficient senior in dairying." 

Dr. H. B. Allen, President, presided and awarded the 
diplomas to the graduates, who were presented by C. L. 
Goodling, Dean of Agriculture. The farewell message on be- 



25 



half of the faculty was delivered by Samuel B. Samuels, 
Director of Athletics and Instructor in Rural Sociology, 

THE GRADUATES 
DAIRY DEPARTMENT 

Harry Ershler High Point, N. C. 

*Abe Levitsky Salem, N. J. 

Solomon Malinsky New York City, N. Y, 

Frank G. Riess Seattle, Wash. 

"Allan Sobelman Ivyland, Pa. 

GENERAL AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT 

Herman Binder Baltimore, Md. 

*Robert Raymond Groben, Jr Philadelphia, Pa. 

Max A. Sernoffsky Buffalo, N. Y. 

C. Richard Thomas Manoa, Pa. 

HORTICULTURE DEPARTMENT 

Walter F. Auch, Jr Easton, Pa. 

Richard Karlsen, Jr Vacaville, Calif. 

Arnold Malin Philadelphia, Pa. 

*Kurt Nathan Binghamton, N. Y. 

FLORICULTURE DEPARTMENT 

Walter Neumann New York City, N. Y. 

Seymour Schalman Brooklyn, N. Y. 

William Weisberg Philadelphia, Pa. 

LANDSCAPE DEPARTMENT 

Benjamin F. Bershtein Philadelphia, Pa. 

Nathan Bogdonoff Sunnyside, L. I., N. Y. 

Edward Grosskopf Great Neck, L. I., N. Y. 

Warren F. Kastner Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lester Males Passaic, N. J. 

POULTRY DEPARTMENT 

Charles Bai-al Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Vincent Henrich Bristol, Pa. 

*Edward Meyer Katz Boston, Mass. 

Theodore Klein New York City, N. Y. 

Seth Lowenthal New York City, N. Y. 

Arthur Pekeris Cambridge, Mass. 

Sidney M. Rappaport Chicago, 111. 

Solomon B. Schwartz New York City, N. Y. 

^Chester Jacob Teller, II Philadelphia, Pa. 

POST GRADUATE IN FLORICULTURE 
Leo Levi Elkins Park, Pa. 

*HoNOR Students — These students according to averages of grades in 
class and practical work are in the top fifth of the class. 

26 



Prize awards were announced by Samuel J. Gurbarg, 
Director of Student Relations, as follows : Kurt Nathan and 
Allan Sobelman, as mentioned above ; Robert Raymond 
Groben, Jr., Prize for the highest marks in supervised prac- 
tice, the Farm Machinery Prize and the General Agriculture 
Prize; Nathan Bogdonoff, the Landscape Prize; Edward 
Meyer Katz, the Poultry Prize ; and William Weisberg, the 
Floriculture Prize. 

Reverend Charles Freeman, of Doylestown, prounced the 
benediction, after which the entire audience, accompanied by 
the student band, joined in the singing of "The Star Spangled 
Banner." 

At the conclusion of the Graduation Exercises, faculty 
and students fell in line and, followed by the entire audience, 
proceeded to the chapel grounds nearby, where the ground- 
breaking ceremonies for a new chapel were held. These 
ceremonies and those taking part in them included : 

"Our Need of a Chapel" President Allen 

"Here the Founder Spoke" Joseph H, Hagedorn 

"A Student Looks Ahead" Milton Samovitz 

"The First Spade Is Turned"_„_Mrs. Joseph Krauskopf 
Prayer Rabbi Sidney E. Unger 




Flocks of White Leghorns, Rhode Island Reds and Barred Rocks are 
available for study. A small flock of Turkeys is also maintained for 

student instructioyi. 



27 



_ it 





THE NATIONAL 

FARM SCHOOL 

AN OPPORTUNITY FOR 
AMERICAN YOUTH 



FOUNDED IN 1896 BY 
THE LATE RABBI JOSEPH 
KRAUSKOPF, D.D., OF PHIL- 
ADELPHIA, THE NATIONAL 
FARM SCHOOL 



diverts worthy boys from overcrowded professions of congested 
areas to productive and satisfying careers on the land 

offers to young refugees fleeing the chaos of Europe, new hope for 
useful lives as tillers of the soil 

makes an important contribution to one of our most essential war- 
time needs through its program, of training in the operation and main- 
tenance of modern machinery and in the production of agricultural com- 
modities so vital to the nation's economy. 

Continuing for the duration of the war-time emergency, the long- 
established, three-year course will be supplemented by a series of one- 
year specialized units. 

Federal defense courses for out-of-school youth are provided five 
evenings a week. 

Vocational training of a highly practical nature is offered in Farm 
Machinery, Poultry Husbandry, Dairying, Horticulture, Landscape Gar- 
dening, Floriculture, Field Crops. 

In order to provide sufficient practice in normal farming operations, 
the acreage is large and all departments are extensive. 

The school year operates from April to April. High school students 
who receive their diplomas in June may enter the term immediately after 
graduation. Special arrangements make it possible for such candidates to 
make up the work they have missed. 

Scholarships of unusual proportions are available to deserving can- 
didates and include in many cases in addition to tuition (which is free to 
all students), board, room, textbooks, heavy laundry and infirmary care. 

Young men 17 and over of any creed, possessing sound health, good 
character, with a record indicating good, average intelhgence, and a sin- 
cere interest in rural life, may apply. 

Visitors are welcome and will be given the opportunity to inspect any 
of the various departments in which they may be interested. 

The National Farm School is supported by voluntary contributions. 



29 



FOUNDERS DAY 

AND FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL SPRING EXERCISES 

SUNDAY, JUNE 8, 1941 

Once again, The National Farm School was host to several 
thousand persons who came from all parts of the country to 
attend the Annual Founders Day celebration on Sunday, 
June 8, 1941, to pay tribute to the memory of the Founder 
and to enjoy the natural beauty and refreshing atmosphere 
of the spacious campus. 

Louis Schlesinger, of Newark, N. J., Chairman of the 
National Board and associated with the School for more than 
thirty years, was Honorary Chairman of the exercises. 

The formal program was opened with an invocation by 
Dr. William H. Fineshriber, of Philadelphia. There followed 
a brief address of welcome by Dr. H. B. Allen, President of 
the School, who, after eulogizing the work of the Founder 
and the benefactors who had died during the year, announced 
a gift of $5,000 from the estate of Isaac H. Silverman, of 
Philadelphia. President Allen, referring to the period of un- 
certainty in which our nation is placed and the continued 
spread of the war, stated that "whatever comes, The National 
Farm School, along with other institutions of a similar nature, 
will become increasingly important to the welfare of the 
nation." Continuing, he said, "The soil and farm crops and 
vigorous youth will assume a highly significant role in our 
program of national welfare. We of The National Farm 
School shall meet the added responsibilities, grateful that we 
can play an important part at a time of national emergency, 
as well as in periods of peace." 

Hon. Elmer H. Wene, of Vineland, N. J., member of the 
House Committee on Agriculture, predicted, in his address, 
that the farmer of America will succeed and will better him- 
self just as soon as agriculture is placed on the same level as 
industry and labor. "One of the problems today," he affirmed, 
"is that many school heads and even farm leaders themselves 
have not been supporting the new order in agriculture. It is 
in schools such as The National Farm School that the new 
order can be taught and practiced." 

Hon. Israel Stiefel, of Philadelphia, member of the Penn- 
sylvania Senate, referred in his address to "the wisely- 
sympathetic practical interest of Dr. Joseph Krauskopf in hu- 
manity, which wrought successful experiments in developing 
young minds and bodies through learning and training." Con- 

30 



tinuing-, Senator Stiefel said, "Today, more than ever, The 
National Farm School symbolizes the 'Rebuilding of Men' 
and attainment of contentment through return to the soil. 
Nothing ennobles and strengthens a man as life spent in 
wresting from nature its bountiful fruits. This, no doubt, 
was the quintessence of Dr. Krauskopf's plan to build this 
great institution and set as its object the training of our lads 
in practical and scientific agriculture." 

Highlighting the ceremonies was the dedication of trees, 
a custom which was established by the Founder many years 
ago and through which each year several scores of trees are 
planted to honor festive occasions and to memorialize the 
departed. This part of the day's program was in charge of 
Rabbi Henry Tavel, of Wilmington, Delaware, who following 
a beautiful dedicatory address, in which he spoke of the tree 
as a symbol of all that is best and finest in the lives of men 
and women, read the names of those for whom trees had 
been erected. These were as follows : 

PATRIOT'S TREE 

George Washington 

FESTIVE TREES 

Moilie Garson, New York City, Birthday 
Louis Schlesinger, Newark, N. J., 7Sth Birthday 



DELAWARE 
Wilmington 

Harry Braunstein 

MARYLAND 
Baltimore 

Jennie Berger 

MISSISSIPPI 
Jackson 

Ben Hart 

NEW JERSEY 
Atlantic City 

Morris Russell 
East Orange 

Matilda Sire 
Montclair 

C. Worcester Bouck 
Newark 

Eloise Frazier Gehin 
Rumson 

Robert H. McCarter 
South Orange 

Peter A. Smith 
Maplewood 

Edward A. Kirch 
Newark 

Louis V. Aronson 

Sigmund Kohn 

Carrie Lissner 

Henrietta Meyer 



MEMORIAL TREES 

Paterson 

Jacob Fabian 
Ventnor 

Wilbur Zimmerman 
Washington 

Miriam Elizabeth Davidson 



NEW YORK 
Brooklyn 

George S. Ward 
New Rochelle 

Isaac E. Froelich 

New York City 

Rhoda S. Schaap 
Joseph Seeman 
Gustave H. Shamberg 
Esther L. Smith 
Selma Winkler Sommerfield 
Solomon Wertheim 
Scarsdale 

Dr. Harold M. Hays 



OHIO 
Cincinnati 

N. Henry Beckman 
Emil Klein 

Jennie Levy Oettinger 
Mrs. David Fhilipson 



PENNSYLVANIA 
Elkins Park 

Stanley H. Goldsmith 

Philadelphia 

Henry Abraham 
Sydney K. Allman, Sr. 
Hart Blumenthal 
Mary Fitzpatrick 
Carrie G. Friedman 
Harry A. Hirschfeld 
Harry C. Kahn 
Alfred M. Klein 
Sophie Klonower 
Dr. Bernard Kohn 
Carrie Eichholz Mann 
Emanuel Mann 
Martin Pearlman 
Judge Theo. Rosen 
Julie Rosenbaum 
Rosa B. Schoneman 
Isaac H. Silverman 
Jos. N. Snellenburg 
Estelle Israel Waxman 
Estella Alkus Weil 
Isadore Weil 
Mrs. Simon Weil 
Louise Chandler Williams 
TENNESSEE 

Chattanooga 
Harry C. Adler 

Memphis 

Abe H. Frank 



The formal eulogy to the Founder, Joseph Krauskopf, 
and to Alfred M. Klein, Judge Theodore Rosen, Hart Blu- 
menthal, Joseph N. Snellenburg, Rosa B. Schoneman, Isaac 
H. Silverman and Bernard and Elsa Kohn, all members of 



31 



the Board who had passed away during the year, was offered 
by Joseph H. Hagedorn, Chairman of the Board of Trustees. 
Mr. Hagedorn also paid a tribute to Louis Schlesinger, "the 
distinguished Chairman of our National Board, Honorary 
Chairman of today's exercises, in honor of whose 75th birth- 
day, we are planting a Festive Tree today." "Through his 
fine and genial personality," Mr. Hagedorn continued, "Louis 
Schlesinger reflects not only his own practical loyalty and 
enthusiasm, but that of so many of our associates and friends, 
that we will let him be the shining example of the School's 
gratitude to the living pioneers that are before me now." 

Milton Samovitz, of Detroit, Michigan, president of the 
senior class, spoke as a representative of the student body. 
His forthright address and his excellent and sincere presen- 
tation won for him the acclaim of the entire audience and, 
by special request, his address is reprinted elsewhere in this 
book. 

Reverend Frank Damrosch, of St. Paul's Church, Doyles- 
town, Pennsylvania, delivered the benediction, closing the 
formal program. The student band, under the baton of Lieu- 
tenant Joseph Frankel, of Philadelphia, furnished music for 
the day's festivities. 

Edwin H. Silverman, of Philadelphia, was Chairman of 
the Committee on Program and Arrangements. 




Shu WING Cattle 
32 



ORATION 

by 

MILTON SAMOVITZ, '42, of Detroit, Michigan 

Student Representative on the Forty-fifth Founders Day 

Program of The National Farm School 

June 8, 1941 

Mr. Chairman, Honored Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Unless I am directed by my draft board to finish my 
studies of farming, I shall within a short time be serving my 
country in the United States Army. I am, therefore, taking 
this opportunity to express these views in the sense of a 
farewell message. 

I look back on my stay here of more than two years with 
keen satisfaction. With my past experience gathered only 
from life in the city of Detroit, I left there in 1939 with no 
actual farm contact, but with a strong desire to become a 
farmer. In spite of this lack of experience my two years here 
have instilled in me a deep love of the soil and an assurance 
that I will be able to hold my own in the broad field of 
agriculture. 

The purpose of the Founder in establishing this School, 
where city boys of limited means might learn to become prac- 
tical farmers, scientifically trained, was a Godsend to me. 
I could not have gone to an agricultural college, the expense 
would have been too great. Also, I could not have had the 
confidence that I have as a farmer, unless I had followed our 
system of alternate classes and supervised practice. 

My fellow students and I, as well as the hundreds of 
graduates who have preceded us, feel grateful to the Founder 
for this opportunity. He not only made available to us excel- 
lent training, but also fine facilities that are most unusual: 
One of the best dairy herds in the state, an exceptionally fine 
poultry department, large orchards and vegetable gardens, 
hundreds of acres covered by field and forage crops, two big 
greenhouses, extensive nurseries, and excellent opportunities 
for landscape gardening ; altogether over one thousand acres 
of fertile land. 

As one of the beneficiaries of the bounty of The National 
Farm School, I would want you ladies and gentlemen to 
know what a great boon this school has been to me and to my 

33 



fellow students. This school is not only a great training 
center for farmers; it is a laboratory in democracy. Side by 
side, peacefully and happily, we Jews and Gentiles work and 
play together. Hateful inequalities form no part of our life 
here. We truly practice the American way of life. 

Furthermore, as a result of my training, I feel better 
prepared to serve the National Defense. I am better off 
physically and mentally. I am becoming a skilled agriculturist. 
I am learning how to increase our food supply, and through 
my work in the farm shop and with farm machinery, I under- 
stand somewhat our industrial needs. 

Familiar as I am with the aims and purposes of Rabbi 
Joseph Krauskopf in founding The National Farm School 
almost fifty years ago, and as a young exponent of his great 
ideals, may I be pardoned for saying that a school which 
meets so many social needs is worthy of the interest of 
everyone of us. It is entitled to universal support as a 
worthwhile institution, and as an enduring memorial to the 
efforts of its great Founder. 




Class in Farm Shop 
34 



FORTY-FOURTH ANNUAL MEETING AND 
HARVEST FESTIVAL 

OCTOBER 18 AND 19, 1941 

The 44th Annual Meeting and Harvest Festival of The 
National Farm School, held on the grounds of the School, 
Saturday and Sunday, October 18 and 19, was probably one 
of the finest affairs of its kind ever staged by the School. 

Excellent animal and machinery exhibits dotted the 
campus throughout the two-day affair, while the interior of 
Louchheim Auditorium was converted into a typical American 
Farm Show with hundreds of fine exhibits of fruits, flowers, 
vegetables, animal products, field crops, and models of land- 
scaping projects, all staged by the students under faculty 
supervision. An unusual soil conservation exhibit loaned by 
the U. S. Department of Agriculture was on display in the 
Krauskopf Library. The program was inaugurated on Sat- 
urday morning when the exhibits were formally opened to 
the public. The afternoon witnessed the regularly scheduled 
football game between Farm School and Ursinus College 
Junior Varsity. 

Sunday afternoon at 2.30, visitors and guests assembled 
in Louchheim Auditorium for the speaking program which 
was opened with an invocation by Rabbi Meir Lasker, of 
Temple Judea, Philadelphia. The guest speaker was Dr. 0. H. 
Benson, formerly associated with the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, noted educator, lecturer, and farmer — until re- 
cently National Director of Rural Scouting in America, a 
man who has made an important contribution to agriculture 
and to rural youth in particular. 

Dr. Benson delivered a stirring address, in which he 
stated that The National Farm School is a challenge to the 
Trustees, to the professional and other philanthropists of 
America who want to do something worthwhile with their 
money while they are yet alive. He declared that the field of 
agriculture has only just been scratched and that the oppor- 
tunities for "Edisons in Agriculture" are numerous in 
America today. He stated further, 'T would like to live long 
enough to see 1000 students at The National Farm School 
take advantage of what this institution offers to the boys of 
this country." He adjured his hearers that they "Support 
this institution now while you are living and while you can 
enjoy the benefits that your money can bestow. Bring your 
friends to the School and get them interested ; get young men 

35 



interested in this institution and you will see how rapidly it 
will expand. I can see a bright future ahead for Farm School 
if you but pull together and cooperate." 

He declared that he has been an admirer of the work of 
the School for a long time ; that he had long ago met and talked 
with the Founder, Dr. Krauskopf; that he had visited the 
institution on several occasions, and that morning had 
arrived early in order to renew his contacts. He added that 
he made a complete tour of the farms and found here a plant 
as fine as most of the State Agricultural colleges — and a 
system of practical and scientific teaching which is unique 
and is supplying a need which no other school is set up to 
render. 

Dr. H. B. Allen presented the Annual Report of the 
President. (See pages 11-19.) The student representative on 
the program was Thomas Hendricks, '43, of Philadelphia, 
President of the Junior Class. The Report of the Nominating 
Committee was presented by Mr. Horace Fleisher, Chairman 
of the Nominating Committee. Mr. Maurice Jacobs, Executive 
Director of the Jewish Publication Society of America, pre- 
sided and introduced the various speakers and events. 

Announcement of Exhibit Awards was made by Presi- 
dent Allen. The student band, led by Jay Wolfe, '42, of 
Reading, Penna., rendered the music for this occasion. The 
Exercises were closed by the singing of the Star-Spangled 
Banner by the entire audience. 

The following members of the Board of Trustees were 
re-elected for a period of three years : Walter Bishop, J. G. 
Boardman, Sylvan D. Einstein, Lester Hano, David H. Fleet, 
and Dr. Max Trumper. New members elected to the Board 
were Senator Israel Stiefel, Samuel Cooke, Mrs. M. J. Karpe- 
les, Dr. A. Spencer Kaufman, and Theodore G. Rich, Esq., 
all of Philadelphia. 



36 




Allman Administration and 
Farm Mechanics Building 



Reprinted from the Neiv York Times 
Education Neivs Section, June 1, 19/^1 

BROAD TRAINING AT FARM SCHOOL 



Students at the Pennsylvania Institution Cover Wide 
Educational Field 



By H. B. ALLEN, President, National Farm School 

The National Farm School, located in the fertile, pic- 
turesque county of Bucks in Eastern Pennsylvania, occupies 
a rather unique place in the educational field. The school's 
special claim to distinction lies in the fact that it is one of the 
few institutions of learning offering post-high school instruc- 
tion in vocational agriculture to city boys. 

For nearly fifty years this rural training center has been 
quietly at work effectively transforming thoroughly urbanized 
youth into practical tillers of the soil. The end-product of this 
transformation has included landscape gardeners, floricul- 
turists, orchard managers, truck gardeners, poultry special- 
ists, dairymen and general farmers. 

Of the thousand-odd living graduates of the school around 
500 are engaged in agricultural pursuits and related occu- 
pations. 

Youth Faces Serious Problem' 

Agricultural training, to a greater extent possibly than 
some of the other manual arts, is frequently utilized in solv- 
ing youth (and also adult) problems of a physical, mental or 
moral nature. Because of this fact it is well to point out that 
The National Farm School is concerned only with the edu- 
cational aspects of agricultural instruction and is intended 
exclusively for young men who are physically, mentally and 
morally healthy. 

However, even the most intelligent and adaptable city 
youth faces a serious problem of adjustment when he enters 
a school of this kind. 

The course of study offered at The National Farm School 
requires three full years of twelve months each. Following a 
calendar that coincides much more closely with the farm 
seasons than it does with the conventional academic year, 
commencement is regularly held the last of March and the 
new term begins early in April. Provision, however, is made 

38 



for entering students who are finishing high school in June 
by permitting them to delay their registration until immedi- 
ately after graduation, when their schedules are arranged so 
as to enable them to make up the time lost at a later date. 

Time Given to Class and Field 

During the Spring, Fall and Winter semesters of approx- 
imately fourteen weeks per term, one-half of each period is 
spent in the class room, while the other half-term is given 
over wholly to supervised practice in the fields and barns. 
The two Summer months are devoted entirely to practical 
farm work. 

By this intensive method these future farmers are pro- 
vided with fairly long periods of uninterrupted farming 
activity. 

In order to insure active participation on the part of all 
enrolled students in the different types of agricultural work 
the various departments of the farm are of necessity quite 
large. They include, for instance, more than 1,000 acres of 
fertile soil, a good part of which is devoted to field and forage 
crops. Furthermore, the school has one of the finest dairy 
herds in the State. Its facilities for teaching floriculture, 
landscape gardening, poultry husbandry and fruit and vege- 
table growing are equally extensive. During his last year at 
school a student is permitted to specialize in one of these six 
different lines. 

Candidates seeking admission to this vocational school 
should be graduates of accredited high schools and must be 
between 17 and 21 years of age. This latter requirement 
helps to insure a proper degree of maturity when, upon 
graduation, the young man enters the serious business of 
farming. 

Those applying for entrance must give evidence of having 
a sincere desire to engage actively in the practical branches 
of this vocation. 



40 




(At Top) Class in 
Sheep Judging 

(Right) Learning to Pack 
Fruits for Market 



(Bottom) Class in 
Farm Carpentry 





THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 

FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY, 

PENNSYLVANIA 



Membership of The National Farm School 



Date 



I, the undersigned, being- in sympathy with the object of The National 
Farm School — the training of young men in the science and practice of 
agriculture — do hereby agree to subscribe as one of the maintainers of 

the institution the sum of dollars annually. 

Name 



Benefactor . 


, . .$100 


Friend 


. . . 50 


Patron .... 


. . . 25 


Member . . . . 


, . . 10 


Supporter . . . 


5 



Address 

Make checks payable to The National Farm School 



Form of Legacy to The National Farm School 

"/ give and bequeath unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa., 

near Doylestoum, the sum of dollars 

free from all taxes to be paid to the Treasurer, for the tim.e being, for the 
u^e of the institution," 



Form of Devise 

ON REAL ESTATE OR GROUND RENT 

"/ give and devise unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa., 
near Doylestoum (here describe the property or ground rent), together with 
the appurtenances, in fee simple, and all policies of insurance covering said 
premises, whether fire, title or otherunse, free from all taxes." 



A donation or bequest of $10,000.00 will found a perpetual scholar- 
ship, the income from which will go far toward maintaining one student 
each year; such scholarship may bear the name of the donor or such names 
as the donor may designate. A donation of $800.00 will cover instruction, 
board and room of a student for one year; $2400.00, for three years to 
graduation. 

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The publication of this Annual Report 
without cost to the School is made pos- 
sible by the contributions of generous 
friends, hereby acknowledged with the 
thanks of the President and Board of 
Trustees of the School. 



43 




THIS MAP SHOWS LOCATION OF SCHOOL AND HOW IT MAY BE 
REACHED BY AUTOMOBILE AND TRAIN 

(Reading Railroad trains, operating betiveen Philadelphia and Doylestown, stop 
at Farm School station, directly on the grounds of the School.) 

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