Forty 'Fourth Annual Report
The National Farm School
The Isaac H. Silverman Gates
FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY
Joseph Krauskopf, Founder
First President IS 96-1 923
The Joseph Kravskopf Library contains nearly 10,000 volumes in the
main section. Adjoining the Library is a room which reprodtices in
exact detail the foundo's library in his former Philadelphia home and
contains his personal collection of 7,500 volumes.
Herbert D. All.man
Second President 1926-1938
Honorary President 1938-194^2
HERBERT D. ALLMAN, Honorary President
Board of Trustees of The National Farm School
January 18, 1942
Herbert D. Allman, Honorary President of The
National Farm School, passed from this life on Janu-
ary 13, 1942, in his 79th year, leaving us to mourn the
loss of one of the few remaining veteran leaders and
beloved benefactors of the School and,
Whereas, Herbert D. Allman came to the School in
the prime of his manhood and for over thirty years
enriched it with his means, his constant toil and sacri-
fices ; giving it his entire time, administrative and
The imprint of his labor is evidenced by the in-
crease of its wide flung acres, its many buildings and
by its faculty and student body.
Step by step, he passed from a trusteeship to im-
portant committee work, to the Vice-Presidency, and
finally to fifteen years' service as President.
His noble character, personal charm and cultural
attainments were always manifest in the performance
of his tasks for the School as well as in his personal
life. As the years passed, these qualities endeared him
more and more to his fellow trustees, faculty, students,
alumni and friends.
The memory of his zealous devotion to The National
Farm School he loved so dearly and served so nobly
will always be an inspiration and challenge to the
trustees, faculty and students.
His recent years of illness deprived the School of
his wise counsel and leadership.
Now, be it resolved, at a meeting of the Board of
Trustees held at the School on January 18, 1942, we
record our great obligation to him, and his passing
with our deep sorrow ; we extend our sincere sympathy
to his children and family ; that a copy of these minutes
be sent to The Jewish Exponent and The Jewish Times
and an engrossed copy be sent to his family ; the Her-
bert D. Allman Building be draped in mourning for a
period of thirty days, and a tree be planted on the
grounds of the School and consecrated to his memory.
H. B. ALLEN LEON MERZ
ISIDORE BAYLSON JAMES WORK
W H FINESHRIBER HARRY B. HIRSH, Chairman
OFFICERS AND BOARD OF TRUSTEES
Harold B. Allen, President
Louis Nusbaum, Vice-President
Maurice Jacobs, Second Vice-President
Leon Rosenbaum, Treasurer
Miss E. M. Belfield, Secretary
Joseph H. Hagedorn, Chairman Board of Trustees
(Having Served for Ten Consecutive Years)
Isidore Baylson Stanley H. Hinlein
David Burpee Louis A. Hirsch
Harry Burstein Harry B. Hirsh
Dr. Wm. H. Fineshriber Maurice Jacobs
Horace T. Fleisher
Jos. H. Hagedorn
Roy a. Heymann
Julian A. Hillman
Jos. H. Hinlein
Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf
M. R. Krauskopf
Dr. Louis Nusbaum
Edwin H. Silverman
Term Exjnres 194-2
Edwin B. Elson
Dr. S. S. Greenbaum
Dr. a. Spencer Kaufman
Theo. G. Rich
Nathan J. Snellenburg
Dr. Leon Solis-Cohen
Edwin H. Weil
Term Exjnres 19Jf3
Sydney K. Allman, Jr.
Mrs. a. J. Bamberger
Al. Paul Lefton
Dole L. Levy
Harry H. Rubenstein
Term Expires 19 UU
J. Griffith Boardman
Sylvan D. Einstein
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles
David H. Pleet
Dr. Max Trumper
Dr. Willard C. Thompson
WOMEN'S AUXILIARY COMMITTEE
Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf, Chairman
Mrs. Theodore Netter, Treasurer Mrs. David Frankel, Secretary
Mrs. a. J. Bamberger Mrs. Sig. Guggenheim Mrs. A. Marks
Mrs. Henry S. Belber Mrs. Hiram Hirsch
Mrs. D. T. Berlizheimer Mrs. M. J. Karpeles
Mrs. Leon Cohen Mrs. Carrie Kaufman
Mrs. Sol Flock Mrs. A. M. Klein
Miss Belle Floersheim Mrs. M. R. Krauskopf
Mrs. Albert M.Greenfield Mrs. Sidney Lowenstein
Mrs. J. P. Morrison
Mrs. Abraham Orlow
Mrs. Samuel Paley
Mrs. Wm. Fleet
Mrs. Maurice E. Stern
Miss A. M. Abrahamson, Mrs. L. Bonsall,
Miss Helen L. Strauss, Director of Public Relations
NATIONAL BOARD OF STATE DIRECTORS
LOUIS SCHLESINGER, Newark, N. J., Chairman
ISAAC STERN, New York City, Associate Chairman
Edmund H. Abrahams, Savannah, Ga.
B. Abrohams, Green Bay, Wis.
Sam Albrecht. Vicksburg, Miss.
Henry A. Alexander, Atlanta, Ga.
Arthur A. Aronson, Raleigh, N. C.
Marcus Bachenheimer, Wheeling, W. Va.
Melvin Behrends, Washington, D. C.
Dr. Henry J. Berkowitz, Portland, Ore.
I. W. Bernheim, Denver, Col.
W. P. Bloom, Tuscaloosa, Ala.
R. D. Blum, Nashville, Tenn.
S. B. Brunwasser, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Edgar M. Cahn, New Orleans, La.
Gabriel M. Cohen, Indianapolis, Ind.
Juluis L. Cohen, Superior, Wis.
Louis Cohen, Ft. Smith, Ark.
Miss Felice Cohn, Reno, Nev.
Herman Cone, Greensboro, N. C.
Allen V. deFord, Washington, D. C.
Max de Jong, Evansville, Ind.
Carroll Downes, Jr., Kansas City, Mo.
Nathan Eckstein, Seattle, Wash.
Samuel Edelberg, Saranac Lake, N. Y.
Herbert U. Feibelman, Miami, Fla.
Rabbi J. B. Feibelman, New Orleans, La.
Rabbi A. J. Feldman, Hartford, Conn.
Stanley Frank, San Antonio, Tex.
A. Frankel, Sr., Des Moines, la.
Ike L. Freed, Houston, Tex.
Max Friedwald, Billings, Mont.
Louis M. Fushan, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Judge Edward I. Gleszer, Bangor, Me.
Milton D. Greenbaum, Baltimore, Md.
N. Greengard. Mandan, N. D.
S. Gugenheim, Corpus Christi, Tex.
Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg, New York, N. Y.
Judge Samuel J. Harris, Buffalo, N. Y.
Sieg. Harzfeld, Kansas City, Mo.
Hugo Heiman, Little Rock, Ark.
Harry Hirsch, Toledo, O.
Wm. L. Holzman, Beverly Hills, Cal.
Robt. W. Isaacs, Clayton, N. M.
Simon Jankowsky, Tulsa, Okla.
Carl H. Kahn, Chicago, 111.
Thos. Kapner, Bellaire, O.
Edmund I. Kaufmann, Washington, D. C
Howard Kayser, Minneapolis, Minn.
Samuel E. Kohn, Denver, Col.
Daniel E. Koshland, San Francisco, Cal.
Rabbi Isaac Landman, Brooklyn, N. Y.
G. Irving Latz, Ft. Wayne, Ind.
Isidore Lehman, Jackson, Miss.
Jos. G. Lehman, Dayton, O.
Bernard Levitt, Wichita, Kan.
Dan A. Levy, Fort Worth, Tex.
Dr. I. H. Levy, Syracuse, N. Y.
M. Lipinsky, Asheville, N. C.
Alex. Lischkoff, Pensacola, Fla.
J. H. Loveman, Birmingham, Ala.
A. L. Luria. Reading, Pa.
H. A. Mackoff, Dickinson, N. D.
Herbert Marcus, Dallas, Tex.
Ben. H. May, Oklahoma City, Okla.
Isaac May, Rome, Ga.
Jewell Mayes, Richmond, Mo.
Sam Meyer, Meridian, Miss.
William Meyer, Butte, Mont.
M. G. Michael, Athens, Ga.
L. Migel, Waco, Tex.
Abe Miller, Chicago, 111.
Louis Mosenfelder, Rock Island, 111.
Herbert A. Moses, Sumter, S. C.
N. Murov, Shreveport, La.
Chas. Nussbaum, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Michael Panovitz, Grand Forks, N. D.
Dr. I. E. Philo, Youngstown, O.
Judge Max L. Pinansky, Portland, Me.
Myron Porges, Pocatello, Idaho
James A. Pratt, Loch Raven, Md.
Chas. S. Rauh, Indianapolis, Ind.
Hiram S. Rivitz, Cleveland, O.
Alex Rosen, Bismarck, N. D.
Bernath Rosenfeld, Tucson, Ariz.
Arthur Rosenstein, Boston, Mass.
Emil Rosentock, Sioux City, la.
Dr. Henry Ross, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dr. Leo S. Rowe, Washington, D. C.
Samuel Rudley, Philadelphia, Pa.
Oliver R. Sabin, New York, N. Y.
Henry Sachs, Colorado Springs, Col.
Judge S. B. Schein, Madison, Wis.
Charles Schoen, Cedar Rapids, la.
Dr. Laurence Selling, Portland, Ore.
Max Semel. New York, N. Y.
David Snellenburg, Wilmington, Del.
Morris Stern, San Antonio, Tex.
Samuel Stern, Fargo, N. D.
Edward Stiles, Montpelier, Vt.
Bertram A. Stroock, Newburgh, N. Y.
Milton Sulzberger, Providence, R. I.
Louis Tober, Portsmouth, N. H.
Louis Veta, Cheyenne, Wyo.
Eugene Warner, Buffalo, N. Y.
Jerome A. Waterman, Tampa, Fla.
Adolph Weil, Paducah, Ky.
Isadore Weil, Montgomery, Ala.
Herschel Weil, Lexington, Ky.
Lionel Weil, Goldsboro, N. C.
Morris Weil, Lincoln, Neb.
Leo Weinberg, Frederick, Md.
Henry Weinberger, San Diego, Cal.
M. J. Weiss, Alexandria, La.
S. D. Wise. Cleveland, O.
NEW YORK COMMITTEE
Lester J. Alexander
Hon. William D. Baer
Walter Hart Blumenthal
H. H. Butler
Hon. Abram I. Elkus
Rev. Dr. Israel Goldstein
Frederick William Greenfield
Dr. Louis I. Harris
Dr. Herbert M. Kaufmann
Rev. Dr. Nathan Krass
Hon. Herbert H. Lehman
Hon. Samuel D. Levy
Leopold J. Lippmann
Dr. Louis C. Lowenstein
Jesse J. Ludwig
Rev. Dr. Louis I. Newman
Hon. Algernon I. Nova
Hugo H. Piesen
David L. Podell
Louis P. Rocker
Sidney R. Rosenau
Otto B. Shulhof
Rev. Dr. Nathan Stern
Hon. Aaron Steuer
Bertram A. Stroock
Rev. Dr. Stephen S. Wise
FACULTY AND STAFF
Harold B. Allen, B.Sc, M.Sc, Litt.D. (Rutgers University), President.
William O. Strong, B.Sc. (Cornell University), Dean of Agriculture;
Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, Farm Management.
Samuel B. Samuels, B.Sc. (Massachusetts State College), Director of Ath-
letics, Instructor in Rural Sociology, Purchasing Agent.
Robert M. Lumianski, B.A. (University of South Carolina) M.A. (Univer-
sity of South Carolina), Director of Student Relations.
J. Claud F. Strong, A.B. (University of Delaware), Secretary to the
Maud Briel Maines (Drexel Institute), Librarian.
Samuel J. Gurbarg, B.A. (University of Pennsylvania), LL.B. (Temple
University Law School), Field Educational Director
Russell E. Weaver, B.Sc. (Pennsylvania State College), Assistant Farm
Manager, Instructor in Farm Crops.
Harry Rothman, B.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agriculture), As-
sistant in Field Crops, Instructor in Soil Management.
Edwin Webster, B.Sc. (Pennsylvania State College), Field Foreman.
I. Frank Antonioli, B.Sc. (Pennsylvania State College), Instructor in
Farm Shop and Mathematics.
David M. Purmell, B.Sc. (Michigan State College), In Charge of Fruit and
Vegetable Department, Instructor in Horticulture.
Solomon L. Soskin (The National Farm School), Assistant in Horticulture.
Aaron Small, B.Sc. (Rutgers University), In Charge of Greenhouse De-
partment, Instructor in Floriculture.
Herman G. Fiesser (Gartenbauschule, Geisenheim, Germany), In Charge
of Landscape Department, Instructor in Landscaping.
Leroy W. Ingham, B.Sc. (University of Nebraska), M.Sc. (University of
California), In Charge of Animal Husbandry Department, Instruc-
tor in Animal Husbandry.
Philip Ellman, B.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agriculture), Assis-
tant in Animal Husbandry; Instructor in Creamery Management
and Dairy Products.
Wesley Massinger, D.V.S. (New York University), School Veterinarian,
Instructor in Veterinary Science.
Floyd Cook, Herdsman.
Samuel H. Meisler, B.Sc, M.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agricul-
ture), In Charge of Poultry Department, Instructor in Poultry
Robert Goldman, B.Sc. (Connecticut Agricultural College), Assistant in
Henry Schmieder, B.A., M.Sc. (University of Pennsylvania), Instructor in
Natural Science and Business English, In Charge of Apiary.
Herman Silverman (The National Farm School), Manager Roadside
Samuel Hankin, B.A. (Temple University), M.A. (University of Penn-
sylvania), M.D. (Temple Medical College), School Physician.
Eva R. Hobbs, R.N., Nurse, In Charge of Infirmary.
Lieutenant Joseph Frankel (Director of the Philadelphia Municipal
Band), Band Master and Musical Instructor.
TO FARM IS TO ARM
BY THE PRESIDENT OF
THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL
Farm School has a
vital role to play in
these critical times.
The battle for food
is as essential to
winning the war as
the battle of arma-
ments. At The Na-
tional Farm School
we are geared to
Here on our exten-
sive acreage, in our
poultry plant, in
our dairies, in our
farm shops, city
boys are not only
preparing for fu-
ture usefulness in
tions, but even
while in training,
under practical in-
structors, they pro-
duce large quanti-
ties of food as a
part of the learn-
"Old Glory" Waving in Front
OF Administration Building
♦SLOGAN ADOPTED BY THE FOUNDER, DURING WORLD WAR I
Harold B. Allen, President
Annual Report of the President
H. B. ALLEN
FORTY-FOURTH ANNUAL MEETING
The National Farm School
October 19, 1941
Once again we are gathered together to offer thanks for
the bountiful gifts of the earth. Among us here in America,
we still have great cause to rejoice as we enter our traditional
season of thanksgiving ; while over a large part of the world,
this truly is a time of "blood, sweat, and tears."
Here at the Farm School, our harvest this year has been
plentiful indeed. There is ample evidence of this in the abund-
ance we see here on every side. And how thankful we should
be when we consider the vital need of such products as these.
Apparently, this is Nature's answer to the call to arm. With
resources such as those you see here, we can, in the end, beat
down this monster that is again, within the space of twenty-
five short years, ravaging the whole earth.
For the first part of my annual report, I am taking the
liberty of quoting a few paragraphs from a speech which was
written quite some years ago. By so doing, I am able better to
characterize these uncertain times and to indicate the clear
responsibility that is ours in this present crisis.
"A year ago, when last we met in annual session, we
offered up a prayer of thanksgiving that our beloved
America was serene and secure against the debacle of
civilization. . . .
"Today, we meet amidst the clamor and tumult of war.
America is buckling on its armor. ... In a score of
encampments, scattered throughout the country, a million
of our youth . . . are democratically assembled, to learn
the new, the paramount business of America — the business
of war. . . .
"What are we to do, who for one reason or another are
barred from donning the khaki, from shouldering the
rifle? What service can we render to uphold our country's
cause, to bring victory not only to this democracy, but also
to the democracies of the world? Shall we retrench? Shall
we practice economy? Shall we speed up the machineries
which will increase the military resources of the land?
These things we shall do gladly! Shall we give of our
treasures? Shall we buy War Bonds as freely as we would
dividend-paying stocks and bonds? That we have done and
shall do without stint, without misgiving! Shall we pay
double and treble taxes? That, too, we shall do, cheerfully,
eagerly! . . .
"There is one other thing we can do, perhaps the
greatest of all. We can practice conservation — the hus-
banding of all our vast energies, of all our vast resources,
and their increase.
"Wars are no longer won by hurling upon the enemy
vast hordes of men alone. . . . When hunger is abroad
in the land, when grain and potatoes and meat and milk
are luxuries almost beyond price, the proudest army must
be humbled and the flaunting banners must trail in the
"Hence, it follows that the best, the highest service we
can render is to conserve, yea, to increase for our beloved
country the staple necessities, to place the danger of
hunger far from us. Thus shall we add valor to our
courageous armies, strength to their prowess, and make
the victory swift and sure. . . .
"Today in the midst of all the vast preparations for
war, the world has come to realize that even as important
as the man with the gun is the man with the hoe. TO
FARM IS TO ARM— that is the slogan for us who cannot
arm with sword and rifle and bayonet. We, too, must arm —
with the plough, the reaper, and the sickle. While the
embattled youth of the land goes forth to do, to die, to win,
we who stay behind must fill the granaries of the land,
must cause our store-houses and our larders to overflow
with plenteous harvests. . . ."
These are words that were spoken by our Founder in his
Twentieth Annual Message. It was the Harvest Festival of
October, 1917. Some of you here today were present on that
memorable occasion. War had been declared only a few months
before ; the country was in much the same situation — the same
state of mind — as we find it in these days of undeclared war.
Moreover, our present enemy — the scourge of the whole civil-
ized world — is still the same barbaric Hun ; only today still
more ruthless, much better trained in systematic looting, and
thoroughly schooled in the latest science of destruction.
In my message of last year, I made this statement :
"An institution that prepares young men from the city
to face successfully the more rigorous life that is involved
in farm work; that trains them to produce efficiently and
skillfully the foodstuffs and other agricultural products
that are vital to the nation's economy is contributing most
effectively to our first line of defense. Should the present
crisis continue, such training will become increasingly
The crisis has continued ; and agriculture in all its diversi-
fied aspects, including the training for farming has become
day by day more important. And in this light, it is so viewed
by our Federal Government. It was only a few months ago, in
a nation-wide broadcast that Brigadier-General Lewis B.
Hershey, Deputy Director of Selective Service, directed the
attention of all local boards to the vital importance of agri-
culture in our program of national defense. He explained that
the purpose of the Selective Service System is, fundamentally,
to place men where they are most needed. In this connection, he
emphasized the skill that is required in successful farming,
the long training period that is involved, to say nothing of the
diflficulty the average individual finds in adapting himself to
the life of a farmer. And then more recently, came the state-
ment of Secretary of Agriculture Wickard who insisted that
it is the patriotic duty of young men engaged in farming to
apply for deferment in order that they may serve their country
in the field for which they are best fitted, and in which they are
so greatly needed.
As a result of this point of view, so forcibly stressed by our
national leaders, local boards all over the country have re-
sponded to the need by promptly granting agricultural classi-
fication to National Farm School students and teachers. They
have recognized that our young men are not merely studying
agricultural science for some possible use later on, but that
they are producing raw materials from the earth as an
integral part of their training. They have noted that our
teachers are not simply instructing from textbooks, but that
they are practical operators who are managing successfully,
with the aid of their students, those farm enterprises which
they teach. And so, under the policy now in force in this
country, our people here — both instructors and students —
are virtually drafted for this vital service. And what a tre-
mendous responsibility this places upon us to give of our
best — without stint and without complaint. With sound fore-
sight, our Board of Trustees saw to it this past season that
we had ample machinery with which to sow and to reap. Our
students and faculty have worked as never before. As if to
co-operate in this great battle for food, Providence has this
year given us most bountiful harvests. Our barns and our silos
and all available space are filled to overflowing, and still there
are crops to come in.
Farm schools, like all enterprises of an agricultural nature,
are usually forced to give way to the shorter hours and higher
pay of an expanding industry. This is the case in the present
crisis. I expect we should be happy in a way that we are so
closely geared to the normal life of our American society. At
any rate, in losing students, as we are, to the ready employ-
ment and the exceptional wages that now prevail in industry,
we are facing the same problem that every farmer today
meets. It was the same in the last w^ar. In that 1917 speech of
Dr. Krauskopf, quoted earlier in my report, he told how one
quarter of the student body had been quickly lost after the
enrollment had been painstakingly built up to approximately
100, an all-time high for that period.
From the largest Commencement Class totaling 30 in 1916,
the graduates dropped the next year to 17 and then down to 12.
This was obviously the time to plead for modern farm machin-
ery, and in the following year the Farm School secured its
first tractor. And so, however difficult we may consider our
problems today, it can truthfully be stated that the School has
in years past met and survived many handicaps quite as dis-
couraging as any we face at this moment.
It is customary on this occasion to list a few of the out-
standing achievements of the year. A detailed summary of
each branch of the School would require too much space and
consume too much time to be given here. Those who are inter-
ested can secure such information from the departmental re-
ports which are filed in the Library. In my annual message, I
can provide only the briefest of resumes.
As already indicated, most of our crops have shown yields
which might well make any good farmer feel proud. As a
result of wise planning on the part of our agronomy instruc-
tors, even the poor hay crop, which was caused by the drought
of April and May, was neatly offset by substitute plantings.
With the apple crop of the Eastern seaboard off by from 4 to
20 per cent, our own crop is twice that of last year and prac-
tically at full capacity for the orchard.
During the past three years, the average annual produc-
tion per cow in our dairy has increased by over 1,000 lbs. For
the first time in the history of the School, the Dairy main-
tained its winter shipment of milk with practically no seasonal
drop. This is a goal of good dairy management that is always
attempted but seldom achieved. Again, as in previous years,
two or three of our farm animals attained national records of
one kind or another.
Another illustration of gradual improvement is to be found
in our Poultry Department. One of the aims in this enterprise
is to bring a flock into high production as early in the fall sea-
son as possible. This is the period of greatest demand. During
the past two years, the Poultry Department has increased its
egg production during the months of August and September
by over 60 per cent — 74,649 eggs to 122,235 eggs — with no
increase in the average yearly size of the flock. Out of 36,873
eggs set in our Robbins incubator, 27,343 chicks were pro-
duced this past spring, or 74.1 per cent. Commercial hatcheries
aim to average about 70 per cent.
The flowers of our greenhouses responded with one of the
best production years we have had in some time. Landscape
more than doubled its output of nursery stock and plant
materials. The Roadside Market, through its neat displays and
courteous treatment of visitors, has been fulfilling its objective
of "selling" Farm School. Even our 30 hives of busy bees
made up for their poor showing of a year ago by producing a
ton of salable honey.
For this wonderful showing all down the line, I wish to pay
public tribute to the students for their hard work and to the
instructors for their excellent management. This fine record
means that The National Farm School is truly unique in its
ability to combine practical management with sound instruc-
tion. Vocational education is of necessity quite expensive and
usually rather wasteful as far as real production is concerned.
This is true of agricultural schools devoted to the training of
farm boys; it is particularly true of farm training that is
designed for young men from the city. And yet The National
Farm School has the distinction of maintaining a high record
of production in practically every line, while training city boys
in the vocation of farming. Just stop to consider, if you will,
the educational value that is inherent in a situation which
permits a Farm School student proudly to point to such a
record of production.
We could tell you, if we chose, of the problems we face;
the discouragements we suffer — the difficulties of getting and
keeping students in the face of an expanding industry, and
just when America needs trained farmers most; of the seem-
ing lack of response on the part of some of our friends who
could give more generously if they would ; of the hard work
that is constantly pressing in upon us from every side. We
could reflect on the difficulty we daily encounter of explaining
to well-meaning persons how utterly impossible it is for any
school farm, however well run, to contribute much to salaries of
teachers, campus roads, building up-keep, educational supplies,
and the hundreds of other items that are required in financing
an institution. But why dwell upon such thoughts when we
have so much for which to be grateful.
There are other bits of progress that might well be re-
counted at this time of taking stock. During the past year,
112 books were added to the collection in our Library. These
were all gifts of good friends brought in by the energy and
perseverance of our able Librarian. Our athletic teams gave a
good account of themselves during the past twelve months
with a football season that has been described by the experts
as good, a basketball record that was excellent and baseball
winnings that marked a high point for the past several years.
Following over 15 years of faithful service, our practical
nurse, Mrs. Zedricks, resigned to be succeeded by a Registered
Nurse. The Ladies' Auxiliary has refurnished our Reception
Room and contributed mattresses for our dormitories. Last
spring we broke ground for a new addition to our sacred little
Chapel and only the problem of priorities has prevented our
proceeding with construction.
With the support of our Board of Trustees, we have been
permitted to inaugurate a vigorous program of plant improve-
ment. As a result of this policy, our farm buildings are now
all repainted. No. 3 Barn is completely renovated after years
of neglect. Certain buildings are to be razed. Old farm machin-
ery has been largely replaced with new and modern equip-
ment. Even our roads are to receive special attention. At this
very moment, a contractor with powerful modern machinery
is grading several of our farm roads free of charge, as a result
of special arrangements made by certain of our Trustees.
The National Alumni Association gave their Alma Mater
a check for $500 at the last Annual Reunion to purchase a con-
veyor for coal. By this action, students will be relieved in the
future of the bugbear of loading and unloading by hand great
quantities of coal brought to our siding in freight cars. Our
ov^n students raised over $1,000 for a suitable recreation room
in the basement of Lasker Hall.
We are happy that so many organizations are coming to
avail themselves of the facilities and the hospitality of The
National Farm School. The Southeastern Pennsylvania Baby
Chick Association recently held its annual meeting at the
Farm School. The Delaware Valley Goat Association regularly
holds its Conferences here. The Bucks County Kennel Club
held weekly training classes at the School all through the
summer months. This organization also has conducted at the
School three large shows that brought many substantial
visitors not only from all over Bucks County but from a wide
The Doylestown Township Public School system is co-
operating with The National Farm School in conducting a
series of Federal defense courses for out-of-school youth in
this area. These evening classes have already started and are
adding considerably to the contribution that Farm School is
making to the present emergency needs of the country.
Our senior students, always with jobs waiting for them
when they graduate, were this year in greater demand than
ever before. Six of our '41 men were refugee students. We are
exceedingly happy to report that all six found immediate em-
ployment. Many of our graduates (also a number of under-
graduates) have responded to the urge to serve their country
along military lines. As a result, two are now stationed in Ice-
land, several are in the Air Corps, some are in the Army, one
or two in the Marines, and still others in the Navy.
In closing, we desire, in brief tribute, to recall those of
our Trustees and other close friends who have passed away
during the year just now ending. We suffered the loss of such
life-long supporters as Hart Blumenthal, Isaac Silverman,
Joseph Snellenburg, Mrs. Schoneman, and Mr. and Mrs. Kohn.
Several of our departed friends concluded a life time of giving
by leaving substantial bequests to the Farm School. Of these
the most outstanding were $5,000 from Mr. Isaac Silverman,
of our Board of Trustees ; $5,000 from Mr. Edward M. Chase,
of our National Board; $1,000 from Cornelia and Julia Cans,
and $1,000 from Harry F. Louchheim.
With these hurried facts gleaned from another year of our
nearly half-century of existence, we welcome you here today.
We desire to express our deep appreciation for the interest
you have manifested in our welfare and we pray for your con-
tinued support. With the spirit of the Founder everywhere
pervading- this place, we shall continue to survive the most
difficult days that an unsettled world may have in store for
15,000 feet under glass and several acres in
flowers afford excellent facilities for practical
training in commercial floriculture.
ISAAC H. SILVERMAN
Benefactor, Trustee, Treasurer
For more than forty years he enriched The Na-
tional Farm School in these high offices by a lavish out-
pouring of his means, his brilliant mind, and wise
His energy, his high character, and his enthusiastic
faith in the ideals of the School made him a bulwark
of strength to the Founder, the Trustees, the faculty,
and the students.
His keen intellect and unusual acumen in matters
of business and finance were complemented by a deep
interest in and love of the spiritual and cultural things
His death on May 12, 1941, is a heavy loss to the
School and to the cause which it represents.
At a meeting of the Board of Trustees held Sunday,
May 18, 1941, by a silent rising vote, his associates
recorded his passing with profound sorrow.
It was resolved that these sentiments be inscribed
upon the minutes of the Board and an engrossed copy
be sent to his family with the heartfelt sympathy of
It was further resolved that a tree be planted on
the grounds of The National Farm School and con-
secrated to his memory.
H. B. ALLEN
HERBERT D. ALLMAN
MRS. ALBERT J. BAMBERGER
JOSEPH H. HAGEDORN
MRS. JOSEPH KRAUSKOPF
HARRY B. HIRSH, Chairman
The Board of Trustees of The National Farm
School at a meeting held on Sunday, May 18, 1941,
noted with sincere regret by a rising silent vote the
passing on April 27, 1941, of
JOSEPH N. SNELLENBURG
one of the oldest members of the Board in point of ser-
vice. He had a sincere interest in all the activities of
the School. His judgment of men and his widespread
contact with affairs made him a particularly useful
and valuable member of the School's councils. His
knowledge of business affairs, and especially of
finances, was always useful in giving the School wise
advice and help in these fields.
Mr. Snellenburg always exhibited a friendly inter-
est in the pupils of the School, and in his unostenta-
tious way his influence was exerted to the benefit of
faculty and pupils. His fellow members of the Board
of Trustees greatly appreciated the opportunity for
close contact and association with him because of his
fine personal traits. Therefore, be it
RESOLVED that the Board of Trustees of The
National Farm School hereby records its sincere re-
gret at the death of Joseph N. Snellenberg, and takes
this means of expressing its sense of the loss sustained
by the School and by the Board of Trustees as indi-
viduals, and be it further
RESOLVED that a tree be planted in memory of
Mr. Snellenburg and that an engrossed copy of this
minute be transmitted to his beloved wife and family.
H. B. ALLEN
HERBERT D. ALLMAN
JOSEPH H. HAGEDORN
MANFRED R. KRAUSKOPF
MRS. JOSEPH KRAUSKOPF
LOUIS NUSBAUM, Chairman
At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of The
National Farm School held May 18, 1941, the follow-
ing resolutions were adopted by a rising vote of silence.
ROSA B. SCHONEMAN
a devoted member, went to her final rest May 11, 1941.
She attained the ripe age of more than 88 years, and
during many years had given her time and energy to
the welfare of her surroundings whether domestic,
communal, or civic.
Shortly after moving to Philadelphia, she became
interested in The National Farm School and joined the
Women's Auxiliary Committee, where she remained
active almost to her dying day. She organized its Sew-
ing Circle, for a number of years was its Chairman,
and later became a member of the Board of Trustees.
She was untiring in her efforts and always young in
The National Farm School has lost a true and de-
voted friend and worker; therefore, be it
RESOLVED that a record of this sad loss be in-
serted in the Minutes of the Board of Trustees, and
also in those of the Women's Auxiliary Committee,
that a rising vote of silent remembrance be taken, and
an expression of deepest sympathy be sent to her
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a tree be
planted on the grounds of The National Farm School
in her memory, and a copy of this Resolution be sent
to the Jewish Press.
H. B. ALLEN
EDNA F. BAMBERGER
JOSEPH H. HAGEDORN
HARRY B. HIRSH
CLARA P. KLEIN
SYBIL F. KRAUSKOPF, Chairman
(At Top) Adolph Segal Hall, which contains
Laboratories, Classrooms and Doi'witory Floors.
(Bottom) A Typical Classroom Scene in the
Tivo illustrations of supervised practice in the Farm Crops Departtnent.
All of the practical work of preparing the soil, seeding, planting and
harvesting on the extensive acreage is carried on by the students under
FORTY-FIRST ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES
Ground-Breaking Ceremonies for New Chapel
March 23, 1941
The Forty-first Annual Commencement Exercises of The
National Farm School were held in the Louchheim Auditorium
on the grounds of the School, Sunday afternoon, March 23,
1941. At the close of the Commencement Exercises, ground
was broken for a new chapel.
The academic procession entered the beautifully decorated
auditorium at 2.15 P.M. The entire student body joined in the
school song, after which the exercises were opened with a
prayer by Rabbi Joseph PHein, of Philadelphia. The Gradu-
ation Address was delivered by Dr. C. H. Lane, Federal Agent
for Agricultural Education, U. S. Office of Education, Wash-
ington, D. C. Dr. Lane urged the graduates to continue their
agricultural studies wherever they might find themselves, and
if called to military service, to return to the farm afterward.
"The ownership of land and farms by thousands of individuals
is the bulwark of America," Dr. Lane said, and added that
''the outlook for the farmer is much brighter today than ever
before because of the attitude of the national government
toward the farmers." "As farmers, you will probably not
become millionaires," he told them, "but you will be holding
up one of the strongest traditions of America."
Thirty graduates from nineteen different cities and ten
states, including several from the Pacific coast, received
diplomas for completing the three-years' course. Six of the
graduates were refugees who found in the opportunities which
the School made available to them, new hope for useful lives
as tillers of the soil.
Kurt Nathan, one of the refugee students, who entered
from Binghamton, New York, was valedictorian. This student
also received four awards, one for the highest scholastic
attainment, one for the most capable work in horticulture, a
third as the most outstanding refugee student, and finally a
post-graduate fellowship, which enabled him to remain at the
School another year. Allan Sobelman, of Ivyland, Pennsyl-
vania, was salutatorian, and received an award as the "most
capable and efficient senior in dairying."
Dr. H. B. Allen, President, presided and awarded the
diplomas to the graduates, who were presented by C. L.
Goodling, Dean of Agriculture. The farewell message on be-
half of the faculty was delivered by Samuel B. Samuels,
Director of Athletics and Instructor in Rural Sociology,
Harry Ershler High Point, N. C.
*Abe Levitsky Salem, N. J.
Solomon Malinsky New York City, N. Y,
Frank G. Riess Seattle, Wash.
"Allan Sobelman Ivyland, Pa.
GENERAL AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT
Herman Binder Baltimore, Md.
*Robert Raymond Groben, Jr Philadelphia, Pa.
Max A. Sernoffsky Buffalo, N. Y.
C. Richard Thomas Manoa, Pa.
Walter F. Auch, Jr Easton, Pa.
Richard Karlsen, Jr Vacaville, Calif.
Arnold Malin Philadelphia, Pa.
*Kurt Nathan Binghamton, N. Y.
Walter Neumann New York City, N. Y.
Seymour Schalman Brooklyn, N. Y.
William Weisberg Philadelphia, Pa.
Benjamin F. Bershtein Philadelphia, Pa.
Nathan Bogdonoff Sunnyside, L. I., N. Y.
Edward Grosskopf Great Neck, L. I., N. Y.
Warren F. Kastner Philadelphia, Pa.
Lester Males Passaic, N. J.
Charles Bai-al Brooklyn, N. Y.
Vincent Henrich Bristol, Pa.
*Edward Meyer Katz Boston, Mass.
Theodore Klein New York City, N. Y.
Seth Lowenthal New York City, N. Y.
Arthur Pekeris Cambridge, Mass.
Sidney M. Rappaport Chicago, 111.
Solomon B. Schwartz New York City, N. Y.
^Chester Jacob Teller, II Philadelphia, Pa.
POST GRADUATE IN FLORICULTURE
Leo Levi Elkins Park, Pa.
*HoNOR Students — These students according to averages of grades in
class and practical work are in the top fifth of the class.
Prize awards were announced by Samuel J. Gurbarg,
Director of Student Relations, as follows : Kurt Nathan and
Allan Sobelman, as mentioned above ; Robert Raymond
Groben, Jr., Prize for the highest marks in supervised prac-
tice, the Farm Machinery Prize and the General Agriculture
Prize; Nathan Bogdonoff, the Landscape Prize; Edward
Meyer Katz, the Poultry Prize ; and William Weisberg, the
Reverend Charles Freeman, of Doylestown, prounced the
benediction, after which the entire audience, accompanied by
the student band, joined in the singing of "The Star Spangled
At the conclusion of the Graduation Exercises, faculty
and students fell in line and, followed by the entire audience,
proceeded to the chapel grounds nearby, where the ground-
breaking ceremonies for a new chapel were held. These
ceremonies and those taking part in them included :
"Our Need of a Chapel" President Allen
"Here the Founder Spoke" Joseph H, Hagedorn
"A Student Looks Ahead" Milton Samovitz
"The First Spade Is Turned"_„_Mrs. Joseph Krauskopf
Prayer Rabbi Sidney E. Unger
Flocks of White Leghorns, Rhode Island Reds and Barred Rocks are
available for study. A small flock of Turkeys is also maintained for
AN OPPORTUNITY FOR
FOUNDED IN 1896 BY
THE LATE RABBI JOSEPH
KRAUSKOPF, D.D., OF PHIL-
ADELPHIA, THE NATIONAL
diverts worthy boys from overcrowded professions of congested
areas to productive and satisfying careers on the land
offers to young refugees fleeing the chaos of Europe, new hope for
useful lives as tillers of the soil
makes an important contribution to one of our most essential war-
time needs through its program, of training in the operation and main-
tenance of modern machinery and in the production of agricultural com-
modities so vital to the nation's economy.
Continuing for the duration of the war-time emergency, the long-
established, three-year course will be supplemented by a series of one-
year specialized units.
Federal defense courses for out-of-school youth are provided five
evenings a week.
Vocational training of a highly practical nature is offered in Farm
Machinery, Poultry Husbandry, Dairying, Horticulture, Landscape Gar-
dening, Floriculture, Field Crops.
In order to provide sufficient practice in normal farming operations,
the acreage is large and all departments are extensive.
The school year operates from April to April. High school students
who receive their diplomas in June may enter the term immediately after
graduation. Special arrangements make it possible for such candidates to
make up the work they have missed.
Scholarships of unusual proportions are available to deserving can-
didates and include in many cases in addition to tuition (which is free to
all students), board, room, textbooks, heavy laundry and infirmary care.
Young men 17 and over of any creed, possessing sound health, good
character, with a record indicating good, average intelhgence, and a sin-
cere interest in rural life, may apply.
Visitors are welcome and will be given the opportunity to inspect any
of the various departments in which they may be interested.
The National Farm School is supported by voluntary contributions.
AND FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL SPRING EXERCISES
SUNDAY, JUNE 8, 1941
Once again, The National Farm School was host to several
thousand persons who came from all parts of the country to
attend the Annual Founders Day celebration on Sunday,
June 8, 1941, to pay tribute to the memory of the Founder
and to enjoy the natural beauty and refreshing atmosphere
of the spacious campus.
Louis Schlesinger, of Newark, N. J., Chairman of the
National Board and associated with the School for more than
thirty years, was Honorary Chairman of the exercises.
The formal program was opened with an invocation by
Dr. William H. Fineshriber, of Philadelphia. There followed
a brief address of welcome by Dr. H. B. Allen, President of
the School, who, after eulogizing the work of the Founder
and the benefactors who had died during the year, announced
a gift of $5,000 from the estate of Isaac H. Silverman, of
Philadelphia. President Allen, referring to the period of un-
certainty in which our nation is placed and the continued
spread of the war, stated that "whatever comes, The National
Farm School, along with other institutions of a similar nature,
will become increasingly important to the welfare of the
nation." Continuing, he said, "The soil and farm crops and
vigorous youth will assume a highly significant role in our
program of national welfare. We of The National Farm
School shall meet the added responsibilities, grateful that we
can play an important part at a time of national emergency,
as well as in periods of peace."
Hon. Elmer H. Wene, of Vineland, N. J., member of the
House Committee on Agriculture, predicted, in his address,
that the farmer of America will succeed and will better him-
self just as soon as agriculture is placed on the same level as
industry and labor. "One of the problems today," he affirmed,
"is that many school heads and even farm leaders themselves
have not been supporting the new order in agriculture. It is
in schools such as The National Farm School that the new
order can be taught and practiced."
Hon. Israel Stiefel, of Philadelphia, member of the Penn-
sylvania Senate, referred in his address to "the wisely-
sympathetic practical interest of Dr. Joseph Krauskopf in hu-
manity, which wrought successful experiments in developing
young minds and bodies through learning and training." Con-
tinuing-, Senator Stiefel said, "Today, more than ever, The
National Farm School symbolizes the 'Rebuilding of Men'
and attainment of contentment through return to the soil.
Nothing ennobles and strengthens a man as life spent in
wresting from nature its bountiful fruits. This, no doubt,
was the quintessence of Dr. Krauskopf's plan to build this
great institution and set as its object the training of our lads
in practical and scientific agriculture."
Highlighting the ceremonies was the dedication of trees,
a custom which was established by the Founder many years
ago and through which each year several scores of trees are
planted to honor festive occasions and to memorialize the
departed. This part of the day's program was in charge of
Rabbi Henry Tavel, of Wilmington, Delaware, who following
a beautiful dedicatory address, in which he spoke of the tree
as a symbol of all that is best and finest in the lives of men
and women, read the names of those for whom trees had
been erected. These were as follows :
Moilie Garson, New York City, Birthday
Louis Schlesinger, Newark, N. J., 7Sth Birthday
C. Worcester Bouck
Eloise Frazier Gehin
Robert H. McCarter
Peter A. Smith
Edward A. Kirch
Louis V. Aronson
Miriam Elizabeth Davidson
George S. Ward
Isaac E. Froelich
New York City
Rhoda S. Schaap
Gustave H. Shamberg
Esther L. Smith
Selma Winkler Sommerfield
Dr. Harold M. Hays
N. Henry Beckman
Jennie Levy Oettinger
Mrs. David Fhilipson
Stanley H. Goldsmith
Sydney K. Allman, Sr.
Carrie G. Friedman
Harry A. Hirschfeld
Harry C. Kahn
Alfred M. Klein
Dr. Bernard Kohn
Carrie Eichholz Mann
Judge Theo. Rosen
Rosa B. Schoneman
Isaac H. Silverman
Jos. N. Snellenburg
Estelle Israel Waxman
Estella Alkus Weil
Mrs. Simon Weil
Louise Chandler Williams
Harry C. Adler
Abe H. Frank
The formal eulogy to the Founder, Joseph Krauskopf,
and to Alfred M. Klein, Judge Theodore Rosen, Hart Blu-
menthal, Joseph N. Snellenburg, Rosa B. Schoneman, Isaac
H. Silverman and Bernard and Elsa Kohn, all members of
the Board who had passed away during the year, was offered
by Joseph H. Hagedorn, Chairman of the Board of Trustees.
Mr. Hagedorn also paid a tribute to Louis Schlesinger, "the
distinguished Chairman of our National Board, Honorary
Chairman of today's exercises, in honor of whose 75th birth-
day, we are planting a Festive Tree today." "Through his
fine and genial personality," Mr. Hagedorn continued, "Louis
Schlesinger reflects not only his own practical loyalty and
enthusiasm, but that of so many of our associates and friends,
that we will let him be the shining example of the School's
gratitude to the living pioneers that are before me now."
Milton Samovitz, of Detroit, Michigan, president of the
senior class, spoke as a representative of the student body.
His forthright address and his excellent and sincere presen-
tation won for him the acclaim of the entire audience and,
by special request, his address is reprinted elsewhere in this
Reverend Frank Damrosch, of St. Paul's Church, Doyles-
town, Pennsylvania, delivered the benediction, closing the
formal program. The student band, under the baton of Lieu-
tenant Joseph Frankel, of Philadelphia, furnished music for
the day's festivities.
Edwin H. Silverman, of Philadelphia, was Chairman of
the Committee on Program and Arrangements.
Shu WING Cattle
MILTON SAMOVITZ, '42, of Detroit, Michigan
Student Representative on the Forty-fifth Founders Day
Program of The National Farm School
June 8, 1941
Mr. Chairman, Honored Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen:
Unless I am directed by my draft board to finish my
studies of farming, I shall within a short time be serving my
country in the United States Army. I am, therefore, taking
this opportunity to express these views in the sense of a
I look back on my stay here of more than two years with
keen satisfaction. With my past experience gathered only
from life in the city of Detroit, I left there in 1939 with no
actual farm contact, but with a strong desire to become a
farmer. In spite of this lack of experience my two years here
have instilled in me a deep love of the soil and an assurance
that I will be able to hold my own in the broad field of
The purpose of the Founder in establishing this School,
where city boys of limited means might learn to become prac-
tical farmers, scientifically trained, was a Godsend to me.
I could not have gone to an agricultural college, the expense
would have been too great. Also, I could not have had the
confidence that I have as a farmer, unless I had followed our
system of alternate classes and supervised practice.
My fellow students and I, as well as the hundreds of
graduates who have preceded us, feel grateful to the Founder
for this opportunity. He not only made available to us excel-
lent training, but also fine facilities that are most unusual:
One of the best dairy herds in the state, an exceptionally fine
poultry department, large orchards and vegetable gardens,
hundreds of acres covered by field and forage crops, two big
greenhouses, extensive nurseries, and excellent opportunities
for landscape gardening ; altogether over one thousand acres
of fertile land.
As one of the beneficiaries of the bounty of The National
Farm School, I would want you ladies and gentlemen to
know what a great boon this school has been to me and to my
fellow students. This school is not only a great training
center for farmers; it is a laboratory in democracy. Side by
side, peacefully and happily, we Jews and Gentiles work and
play together. Hateful inequalities form no part of our life
here. We truly practice the American way of life.
Furthermore, as a result of my training, I feel better
prepared to serve the National Defense. I am better off
physically and mentally. I am becoming a skilled agriculturist.
I am learning how to increase our food supply, and through
my work in the farm shop and with farm machinery, I under-
stand somewhat our industrial needs.
Familiar as I am with the aims and purposes of Rabbi
Joseph Krauskopf in founding The National Farm School
almost fifty years ago, and as a young exponent of his great
ideals, may I be pardoned for saying that a school which
meets so many social needs is worthy of the interest of
everyone of us. It is entitled to universal support as a
worthwhile institution, and as an enduring memorial to the
efforts of its great Founder.
Class in Farm Shop
FORTY-FOURTH ANNUAL MEETING AND
OCTOBER 18 AND 19, 1941
The 44th Annual Meeting and Harvest Festival of The
National Farm School, held on the grounds of the School,
Saturday and Sunday, October 18 and 19, was probably one
of the finest affairs of its kind ever staged by the School.
Excellent animal and machinery exhibits dotted the
campus throughout the two-day affair, while the interior of
Louchheim Auditorium was converted into a typical American
Farm Show with hundreds of fine exhibits of fruits, flowers,
vegetables, animal products, field crops, and models of land-
scaping projects, all staged by the students under faculty
supervision. An unusual soil conservation exhibit loaned by
the U. S. Department of Agriculture was on display in the
Krauskopf Library. The program was inaugurated on Sat-
urday morning when the exhibits were formally opened to
the public. The afternoon witnessed the regularly scheduled
football game between Farm School and Ursinus College
Sunday afternoon at 2.30, visitors and guests assembled
in Louchheim Auditorium for the speaking program which
was opened with an invocation by Rabbi Meir Lasker, of
Temple Judea, Philadelphia. The guest speaker was Dr. 0. H.
Benson, formerly associated with the U. S. Department of
Agriculture, noted educator, lecturer, and farmer — until re-
cently National Director of Rural Scouting in America, a
man who has made an important contribution to agriculture
and to rural youth in particular.
Dr. Benson delivered a stirring address, in which he
stated that The National Farm School is a challenge to the
Trustees, to the professional and other philanthropists of
America who want to do something worthwhile with their
money while they are yet alive. He declared that the field of
agriculture has only just been scratched and that the oppor-
tunities for "Edisons in Agriculture" are numerous in
America today. He stated further, 'T would like to live long
enough to see 1000 students at The National Farm School
take advantage of what this institution offers to the boys of
this country." He adjured his hearers that they "Support
this institution now while you are living and while you can
enjoy the benefits that your money can bestow. Bring your
friends to the School and get them interested ; get young men
interested in this institution and you will see how rapidly it
will expand. I can see a bright future ahead for Farm School
if you but pull together and cooperate."
He declared that he has been an admirer of the work of
the School for a long time ; that he had long ago met and talked
with the Founder, Dr. Krauskopf; that he had visited the
institution on several occasions, and that morning had
arrived early in order to renew his contacts. He added that
he made a complete tour of the farms and found here a plant
as fine as most of the State Agricultural colleges — and a
system of practical and scientific teaching which is unique
and is supplying a need which no other school is set up to
Dr. H. B. Allen presented the Annual Report of the
President. (See pages 11-19.) The student representative on
the program was Thomas Hendricks, '43, of Philadelphia,
President of the Junior Class. The Report of the Nominating
Committee was presented by Mr. Horace Fleisher, Chairman
of the Nominating Committee. Mr. Maurice Jacobs, Executive
Director of the Jewish Publication Society of America, pre-
sided and introduced the various speakers and events.
Announcement of Exhibit Awards was made by Presi-
dent Allen. The student band, led by Jay Wolfe, '42, of
Reading, Penna., rendered the music for this occasion. The
Exercises were closed by the singing of the Star-Spangled
Banner by the entire audience.
The following members of the Board of Trustees were
re-elected for a period of three years : Walter Bishop, J. G.
Boardman, Sylvan D. Einstein, Lester Hano, David H. Fleet,
and Dr. Max Trumper. New members elected to the Board
were Senator Israel Stiefel, Samuel Cooke, Mrs. M. J. Karpe-
les, Dr. A. Spencer Kaufman, and Theodore G. Rich, Esq.,
all of Philadelphia.
Allman Administration and
Farm Mechanics Building
Reprinted from the Neiv York Times
Education Neivs Section, June 1, 19/^1
BROAD TRAINING AT FARM SCHOOL
Students at the Pennsylvania Institution Cover Wide
By H. B. ALLEN, President, National Farm School
The National Farm School, located in the fertile, pic-
turesque county of Bucks in Eastern Pennsylvania, occupies
a rather unique place in the educational field. The school's
special claim to distinction lies in the fact that it is one of the
few institutions of learning offering post-high school instruc-
tion in vocational agriculture to city boys.
For nearly fifty years this rural training center has been
quietly at work effectively transforming thoroughly urbanized
youth into practical tillers of the soil. The end-product of this
transformation has included landscape gardeners, floricul-
turists, orchard managers, truck gardeners, poultry special-
ists, dairymen and general farmers.
Of the thousand-odd living graduates of the school around
500 are engaged in agricultural pursuits and related occu-
Youth Faces Serious Problem'
Agricultural training, to a greater extent possibly than
some of the other manual arts, is frequently utilized in solv-
ing youth (and also adult) problems of a physical, mental or
moral nature. Because of this fact it is well to point out that
The National Farm School is concerned only with the edu-
cational aspects of agricultural instruction and is intended
exclusively for young men who are physically, mentally and
However, even the most intelligent and adaptable city
youth faces a serious problem of adjustment when he enters
a school of this kind.
The course of study offered at The National Farm School
requires three full years of twelve months each. Following a
calendar that coincides much more closely with the farm
seasons than it does with the conventional academic year,
commencement is regularly held the last of March and the
new term begins early in April. Provision, however, is made
for entering students who are finishing high school in June
by permitting them to delay their registration until immedi-
ately after graduation, when their schedules are arranged so
as to enable them to make up the time lost at a later date.
Time Given to Class and Field
During the Spring, Fall and Winter semesters of approx-
imately fourteen weeks per term, one-half of each period is
spent in the class room, while the other half-term is given
over wholly to supervised practice in the fields and barns.
The two Summer months are devoted entirely to practical
By this intensive method these future farmers are pro-
vided with fairly long periods of uninterrupted farming
In order to insure active participation on the part of all
enrolled students in the different types of agricultural work
the various departments of the farm are of necessity quite
large. They include, for instance, more than 1,000 acres of
fertile soil, a good part of which is devoted to field and forage
crops. Furthermore, the school has one of the finest dairy
herds in the State. Its facilities for teaching floriculture,
landscape gardening, poultry husbandry and fruit and vege-
table growing are equally extensive. During his last year at
school a student is permitted to specialize in one of these six
Candidates seeking admission to this vocational school
should be graduates of accredited high schools and must be
between 17 and 21 years of age. This latter requirement
helps to insure a proper degree of maturity when, upon
graduation, the young man enters the serious business of
Those applying for entrance must give evidence of having
a sincere desire to engage actively in the practical branches
of this vocation.
(At Top) Class in
(Right) Learning to Pack
Fruits for Market
(Bottom) Class in
THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL
FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY,
Membership of The National Farm School
I, the undersigned, being- in sympathy with the object of The National
Farm School — the training of young men in the science and practice of
agriculture — do hereby agree to subscribe as one of the maintainers of
the institution the sum of dollars annually.
, . .$100
. . . 50
. . . 25
Member . . . .
, . . 10
Supporter . . .
Make checks payable to The National Farm School
Form of Legacy to The National Farm School
"/ give and bequeath unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa.,
near Doylestoum, the sum of dollars
free from all taxes to be paid to the Treasurer, for the tim.e being, for the
u^e of the institution,"
Form of Devise
ON REAL ESTATE OR GROUND RENT
"/ give and devise unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa.,
near Doylestoum (here describe the property or ground rent), together with
the appurtenances, in fee simple, and all policies of insurance covering said
premises, whether fire, title or otherunse, free from all taxes."
A donation or bequest of $10,000.00 will found a perpetual scholar-
ship, the income from which will go far toward maintaining one student
each year; such scholarship may bear the name of the donor or such names
as the donor may designate. A donation of $800.00 will cover instruction,
board and room of a student for one year; $2400.00, for three years to
The publication of this Annual Report
without cost to the School is made pos-
sible by the contributions of generous
friends, hereby acknowledged with the
thanks of the President and Board of
Trustees of the School.
THIS MAP SHOWS LOCATION OF SCHOOL AND HOW IT MAY BE
REACHED BY AUTOMOBILE AND TRAIN
(Reading Railroad trains, operating betiveen Philadelphia and Doylestown, stop
at Farm School station, directly on the grounds of the School.)