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Full text of "The Forty-Fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, history of its services in the war of the rebellion and a personal record of its members"

Gc M. L. 

973.74 

In2r 

1965189 

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 




3 1833 01081 1609 



THE FORTY-FOUEXH 



imimuMMm 



HISTORY OF ITS SERVICES 



-IN THE- 



WAR OE THE REBELLION 



-AND- 



A PERSONAL RECORD OF ITS MEMBERS. 



BY 

JOHN H. aEEICK, M. D., 



suii&EOisr. 



LAGRANGB) INDIANA: /J^ 

) BY TU 

18B0. 



PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR. ^ ^ -, 



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1985183 










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L'ol 'l/l''' liiAHe!'.'- 



0^ 

PRINTED AT 

THE COUHIEU STEAM I'UINTING HOUSE, 

ANN AllUOK, MIClllClAN. 



^ 



TO 

THE VETERANS, 

OTHER SURVIVING MEMBERS, 

AND 

THE FRIENDS OF THE FALLEN HEROES 

OF THE REGIMENT, 

WHOSE BRAVE SERVICES ARE 

HEREIN RECORDED, 

THIS VOLUME 

IS 

AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED. 



INTRODUCTION, 

— <{)))>- — 

At a reunion of Union soldiers at Auburn, Indiana, 
in September, 1879, a number of tbe members of the 
Forty-fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry met in the pub- 
lic square and formed a preliminary organization for the 
promotion of future reunions of the Regiment. A mo- 
tion offered by Lieutenant Nicholas Ensley was unani- 
mously adopted, requesting tlie undersigned to prepare 
a history of tlie Regiment. It was in obedience to that 
request that this boolt was undertaken. 

It is now more than eighteen years since the organ- 
ization of this Regiment, and fourteen years since the 
day of its muster out at the expiration of tlie Rebellion. 
Although the writer was with the Regiment during 
every day of its service except when absent a few weeks 
on sick furlough, he finds that time has dimmed in his 
memory many incidents of a personal character, that 
might be of interest. Pie has had, therefore, to depend 
nuiinly upon his letters written during the war, the 
official records, and the correspondence of soldiers pub- 
lished at the time, for the material of the following 
pages. 

The Forty-fourth Regirihent of Indiana volunteers 
was but one of tens of thousands, and but one among 
the one hundred and sixty-two regiments organ* 



6 PliEPA CE. 

izedin the State of Indiana, for tlie immortal worlv of 
suppressing tlie gigantic and iniquitous rebellion of 
18G1 ; yet whatever it accomplished, though no greater 
than that performed by many others, is worthy of per- 
manent record, and remembrance by the government 
served and saved. Especially should the posterity of 
every soldier of that command take patriotic i)ride in 
jjossessing historic and written proof that in their veins 
flows the blood of ancestors who voluntarily left their 
homes and loved ones, and upon the most terrible and 
bloody battle-fields the world has ever witnessed, fought 
to preserve for tliem the American Union and the free- 
dom of man. If this little book sliould have the effect 
of fostering such i^i'ide, and preserving the names and 
memory of the brave and patriotic men of this com- 
mand, it will, I feel assured, accomplish the purpose 
for which it was requested. Shelley sang the spirit of 

this work : 

" I will teach thine infant tongue 
To call ui^nn those heroes old 
In tlielr own Uuiguiige, and will mould 
Thy growing spirit in tlie flume 
Of Grecian lore; that Ijy each name 
A patriot's birtli-right thou mayst claim." 

J. H RERICK. 



'■ 
I 



1 



CHAPTER I. 

OROANIZATION. 

The first gun fired by the Rebellion against Fort 
Sumter awoke Northern Indiana, as it did the whole 
North. Before that day the subjects of this record and 
their friends knew not war, nor the spirit of war. With 
the exception of a tew men scattered here and there, 
none had seen military service. Thousands of the 
middle-aged, and those entering upon manhood, had 
never seen a soldier in line or in uniform. Tlie terrible 
struggle in the heart of the peace-loving citizen, be- 
tween love of home, wife, children, and dear friends, 
and that patriotism aroused by insult to the national 
flag, was a new and painful experience. But a new day 
had dawned for the people and the country. Every 
man, and woman, and the children of discerning age, 
commenced to live a new life in thought, feeling and 
action. The hearts of mothers and wives sank in 
anguish, and then rebounded with patriotism, and sons, 
husbands and fathers sallied from every hamlet and 
neighborhood, voluntarily, and offered their services to 
the imperiled Union. Regiment after regiment was 
organized at Indianapolis and one or two other places 
in the State. But these places of rendezvous becoming 
insufficient. Gov. Morton, in August, 1861, ordered a 
camp for volunteers at Fort Wayne for the organization 



8 ORGA.yjrA.Tios. 



of the Himieth K fgifmr, l>>»as Hi^k Bl Seed, of 
Fort Wajne, m rn — m i l of tW i —ii Beiovr Ais 
Resimenc was m n ^Jfte, u hfrwhig cridcm tkot HKar 
OKS vcMdd be needed, the wyiiji i o a ot tke Fortj- 
fantli Regimest was ordered bjr tk 

September 12th, 1861 : lififMar-Cbfaaei, Baldvia J. 
Crosdivau, of Angola; fffjir ^TiBfniii J liiiBLhiiw. iif 
L^Aier; Asasaaat Svgeoa, Joka H. Rerkk. of La- 
givge. Her- I 7 i was to lesaiB m cfaaige of tke 
c^uBP- Tbe . : the ITi ^ii ■! «^ ■ov 

actively coouac r _ ' .-jcr ad, wl&ea dke 

Tkinicth Rcgimr - r f r! :. tbe Fo«y- 

Jboitii took 7: ; : ^ T, - ' -: 

Bdore this, ti . - - r 
staff nftm-T : }^ .:. 

B.Reed,tlie 1 . __ v 

Adjoiamt, Charles C^^ J :: _ z- -^ --.-r ;i:,; 
QoMtenaaster. G^ir^t . -- . ^ ^.----— er 

28th. Tfcei.-; .: r 1 ::aMp 

r^-.. ia October. _ :: t ^ . 7 -_ _r sot 

:^- r -rd vatil V: r : -^ - : _i 7 :-_^-- 

izuioQ ol tiae se 7 : 7 _ . 

nectioa with the com|uj leconis. 7 7 .._ 1^:=- 
were recxnitod by patiiotic «^Hyi^!^ iz 7 7 
ties, who ikJc it their <faty l» >[£ : . t 

rebelhoB. These woahl pRpaie -- 

circalate it aiMMg their Be%&UMS 
suiTassii^ thed^ lespective 

people to an appKcocion of the penk of the C 



ORGANIZATION. 9 

meat. Wlieii a sufficient number of volunteers had 
been secured for the nucleus of a company, they were 
called together at some convenient point in their county, 
and an election would then be held for company officers. 
Those so ciiosen were, we believe, in all cases, commis- 
sioned by the Governor. But there was no delay for 
commissions. Tiie officers selected it once marched 
their men into camp, and when the ranks were not 

entirely full, some one or more would obtain leave of 

'A 
absence, to return home and continue the recruiting. 

Memory recalls little of interest in camp during the 
two months the Regiment was recruiting and organiz- 
ing, though then to soldiers and people almost every 
day seemed fraught with vital interest. The men in 
camp were generally healthy. A few cases of measles 
occurred in October, which infected the command, and 
afterward disabled many of the men temporarily, and 
caused the death of a number. Dr. B. S, Woodworth, 
an honored physician of Fort Wayne, had medical 
charge of the camp during the organization of the two 
regiments, the Thirtieth and Forty-fourth, though dur- 
ing the organization of the latter the Assistant Surgeon 
of the Regiment had immediate charge of the camp 
hospital, entering upon duty the first day the Regiment 
went into camp. The citizens of the city took an active 
interest in [)roviding for the wants of the sick, and 
when any one became seriously ill, provision would be 
made for him in town, and kind and generous assistance 
rendered. ^ 

A little incident occurred at this time, which had an 
important bearing upon the discipline of the camp. 



I 



10 ORG A NIZA TIO X. 

Among soldiers, the first illustration of the metal of their 
commander, settles many points connected with disci- 
pline and respect, A volunteer, while in the city, one 
day, got intoxicated, and wandering in front of Col. 
Reed's residence, attracted his attention. The Colonel 
came out and ordered him to go at once to camp. 
The would-be soldier replied in an insolent manner and 
started towards the Colonel with the evident intention 
of assaulting him. As soon as he came within arm's 
length, he met a blow from the fist of the Colonel that 
felled him to the earth, where he remained unconscious 
a little while. The Colonel ordered out his carriage, 
and calling Dr. Woodworth, who was near at hand, put 
the man in his charge and sent him to camp hospital. 
He was not seriously hurt. Not having, though, as yet 
been mustered into the service, he was promptly dis- 
charged and sent home, and so missed service in the 
Forty-fourth Regiment. A healthy conclusion was at 
once formed in the minds of the volunteers, that they 
had a commander whom it would be well to respect. 

On November 22d, 1861, the Regiment was mustered 
into the United States service by Lt. H. E. Stansbury, 
U. S. A. The medical examinations were made by Dr. 
B. S. Woodworth and the assistant surgeon of tlie Regi- 
ment. The appearance of the volunteers, and satisfac- 
tory answers to a few general questions, were all that 
were required at the time, and almost all that the burn- 
ing patriotism of the people would patiently hear to. 

It was tiiought then that >every man who wanted to 
defend his country, should have the privilege. Several 
men with black hair and beards, and apparently within 



OR OANIZA Tl ON. 1 1 

the. military limit as to age on the day of muster, be- 
came quite gray in a sliort time after, and before they 
had had an 'opportunity to be friglitened. The young 
men were not behind the old men in their efforts to get 
into the service, and a number who had not attained 
the legal age made a good show of years at the muster 
in. The service, though, lost little, if anything, through 
the latter. Among them were afterwards found some 
of the most enduring and efficient soldiers. 

The organization was completed by the appointment 
of William W. Martin, of Rome City, Surgeon, Novem- 
ber 25th, and Rev. G. W. Beeks, of Fort Wayne, Chap- 
lain, November 26th. 

The Regiment in line, on dress parade, was much 
praised by the throngs that visited it on these occasions, 
and subsequently, as it marched through the city to 
the field, for the intelligent and splendid physical 
appearance of its men. Measured by the social stand- 
ard, all grades of society were represented, as well as 
nearly all vocations ; but the great mass of the Regi- 
ment were young men from the farm and shop, and all, 
with few exceptions, were in })ossession of a good 
common school education, whilst numbers had passed 
through high school grades, and some had "been to 
college." The officers chosen by the men in line were 
from their associates at home, and when these donned 
their shoulder straps, they felt and recognized the fact 
that in the ranks were left many men just as intelligent, 
brave and worthy as they. Nearly all were worthy of 
official rank, and none too good to be privates ; but as 



12 ORG A NIZA TION. 

all could not serve in either position, distinctions had 
to be made. 

The field and staff ofificers, chosen by the Governor 
of the State, were also from comrades of the men in 
line in civil life, though more largely representative of 
the professions. ' 

THE ORIGINAL ROSTER. 

I 

FIELD AND STAFF. 

Colonel, Hugh B. Reed. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Bultlvvin J. Crostliwuit. j 

Major, Sanford J. Stoughton, 1 

Adjutant, Charles Case. ; 

Quartermast(U', George W. McConnell. 

Chaplain, G. W. Beeks. 

Surgeon, W. W. Martin. , 

Assistant Surgeon, John H. Rerick. 

I 

COMPANY OFFICKKS. \ 

A. Captain, Charles F. Kinney. \ 
1st Lieutenant, Elias O. Rose. '' 
2d Lieutenant, Birge Smith. ' 

B. Captain, John Murray, • 

1st Lieutenant, John Barton. I 

2d Lieutenant, William C. Ward. | 

C. Captain, L. K. Tanuehill. 

1st Lieutenant, William Story. 

2d Lieutenant, Pliilip Grund, | 

i 
Z>. Captain, Franklin K. Cosgrove. 

1st Lieutenant, Charles H. Wayne. 

2d Lieutenant, J. Delta Kerr. I 

E. Captain, William H. Cuppy. 

1st Lieutenant, Isaac N. Compton. 

2d Lieutenant, Francis McDonald. i 



OR GA NIZA TION. ] 3 

I. Captain, George W. ISIerrill. 

1st Lieutenant, James Colgrove. 

2d Lieutenant, Thomas C. Kinmont. 

0. Captain, William C. Williams. 

1st Lieutenant, Henry J. Shoemaker. 
2d Lieutenant, David Cary. 

IT. Captain, William B. Bingham. 

1st Lieutenant, Joseph H. Danseur. 
2d Lieutenant, Jacob Newman. 

1. Captain, Albert Heath. 

1st Lieutenant, Joseph C. Hodges. 
2d Lieutenant, James F. Curtiss. 

K. Captain, Wesley Park. 

Ist Lieutenant, Simeon C. Aldrich. 
2d Lieutenant, John H. Wilson. 

NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF. 

Sergeant-Major, Samuel L. Bay less. 
Hospital Steward, J. A. Banta. 
Principal Musician, John R. Grubb. 
Commissary Sergeant, William F. Hinkle. 
Quartermaster Sergeant, William Bayless. 



14 THE DEPARTUEE. 



CHAPTER II. 

THE DEPARTURE. 

Hardly had the muster-in oath of allegiance to the 
Government and obedience to those in commantl of 
her armies, been administered, before orders were re- 
ceived by Col. Reed to report his command for duty. 
Then came a trying hour for the citizen-soldier. It was 
to be his first departure from home for the field of war. 
The toils of march, exposures of camp, scenes of car- 
nage, new and untried duties, the most laborious and 
perilous that could be presented, were immediately be- 
fore him. All the endearments of the past, entw ined 
around the home fireside, and the peacefiil associations 
of town an(,l neighborhood, were to be left behind, with 
the probabilities all against a renewal thereafter. He 
did not bid parents, wife, children, lovers and friends 
farewell because he loved war, or sought to follow it as 
a temporary business, or for gain. His preferences and 
greatest pleasures were in the peacefid pursuits now 
abandoned. But a monitor in his heart whispered Dutv, 
save the Union, save it for your children, save it for all 
posterity, save it for freedom, save it for God. These 
\vhisperings decided the internal conflict, and he grasped 
his musket and knapsack at the bugle's call, fell into 
line ready for the command, " Forward, march." 



THE DEPARTURE. 15 

That command came the next day, November 23d, 
1861. Tlie Regiment never made a better display of 
the pageantry of war than^ on that day, as it marched 
through the city to tlie depot. Never thereafter were 
all the men and officers in line at the same time. The 
uniform and equipment of men and officers were then 
unsoiled. The imposing scene was witnessed by thou- 
sands who thronged the streets. Many hearts among 
the throng ached to breaking, and groans of anguish 
were nut unfrequently heard to break forth from the 
burdened souls of fathers, mothers and wives. 

Upon reaching the public square, the Regiment was 
formed in hollow square, to receive a beautiful flag 
donated by the patriotic women of the city. The flag 
was presented by Hon. F. P. Randall, the Mayor, who 
addressed the Regiment as follows : 

^bbress of Piaijor |lmtbaU. 

Soldiers ok tue 44tu liKiiinKNi^-OFFiCERS and Men: 

In eomniou with thousuiuls of your fellow citizens, 
who liave so nobly rcsjjonded to the cull of the Govern- 
ment, you have now laid aside lor a time the character 
of civilians and assumed that of soldiers, and now form 
a part of the grand army of the North. 

I congratulate the tield ottieers of the Regiment that 
they have gathered around tiiem soldiers so tine and 
intelligent in api)earanee and so manly in bearing; and 
I congratulate the llegiment that they have as sagacious, 
brave and gallant otHeers. 

The history of the world furnishes no example like 
that we now see occurring around us. Five hundred ** 
thousand brave men have voluntarily left the endear- 
ments and comforts of home, to sustain the Government 



16 THE DEPARTURF. 

of tlieir choice, and millions will be ready to respond if 
tlieir country needs tlurn. Tliis is a Government in 
which all participate, in which all have an equal inter- 
est, and to the support of wJiich all siiould be ecjually 
devoted. Tiie hunil)lest citizen, equally with the Presi- 
dent himself, can in truth say, this is my government. 
And as you are about to leave us to join the armed hosts 
which have preceded you, through the kind liberality of 
some of our friends residing in this city, I have the 
pleasure of presenting to your Regiment tliese National 
Colors. IJanners are representatives of Nations. This, 
with its thirty-four stars, represents the whole Union as 
it was before treason had begun its work of destruction. 
To it patriotism now looks with ardent hopes, and upon 
it hang the destinies of tliis Nation. Glorious mem- 
ories cluster around the Stars and Stripes. For more 
than eighty years the people of all the States have been 
proud of this emblem of our country's greatness and 
power. It has protected the American citizen in all his 
wanderings, however distant from home business or 
pleasure may have called him ; and the mariner, as he 
sailed upon the deep blue sea, bound to the farthest isles 
of the ocean, whilst the American flag floated at the 
mast, pursued his journey in conscious pride and 
security. 

But while thus honored at home and respected 
abroad, traitors and rebels have banded togethei-, and 
with a united effort are now madly striving to strike it 
down from its high position, to trample it in tlie dust 
and scatter the fragjnents over all the land. To pre- 
vent this desecration of our flag and the consequent 
destruction of the Government it represents, the armies 
of the North have been called into existence, and, are 
now marching to the field ot battle. 

Seven long years of toil, privation, frequent disaster 
and bloody conflicts were spent by the brave men of '7G 






THE DEPARTURE. 17 

to give freedom to this land and a nationality to this 
flag. I believe the spirit of our ancestors still lives 
among us, and that the loyal and patriotic people of the 
present generation will nobly protect and defend what 
cost our fathers so much to establish. In committing 
this banner to your charge, I have every confidence that 
you will safely guard and protect it, if necessary, with 
life itself. 

I almost envy you the privilege which you are so 
soon to have, in fighting in its defense ; and when you 
meet the enemies of our country in deadly strife, 

" midst ttivme and smoke, 
And shout and groan, and saber stroke. 
And doath-sliots falling tliick and fast," 

may some kind angel be sent to accompany this flag, to 
defend you from the perils incident to the battle-field, 
and guide you on to victory ; and if in that hour any- 
thing is requii'ed beyond your love of country to stimu- 
late you to deeds of noble daring, remember that your 
friends and relatives at home will share with you the 
glory of your victory as in some measure their own, 
while they will sorrow for any misfortune that may 
befall you as for a personal calamity. 

You are making history for yourselves and for our 
State. Already have the gallant deeds achieved by the 
Indiana volunteers made a brilliant record in the his- 
tory of this war. You, I know, will never dim the 
lustre of that record. You have cheerfully responded 
\ to the call of your country in this her hour of danger, 
and are now ready to join those who are flghting the 
battles of Freedom in Freedom's holy land. 

You go to suppress this treason and put down this 
unprovoked rebellion, and save us from the threatened 
rule of traitors and despots, who in their mad ambition 
would with ruthless hands pull down and destroy the 

2 



18 'lill': hin'ARTlRE. 

livcst,, and best goveriiuiciit ever voiu-lisafeii to niiin ; 
and be assured tbat in this ronllirl tiu' |)iii>crs and 
blessings of tiio good and rigiitediis will accompany 
you, and for your success tbey will in\'oke the favor of 
Heaven. And when far away from friends and home — 
when in tlie camp and on the inaich— may thisemlilem 
of your eounii-y's honor aiul the Nation's sovtreignty 
be ever ])iesent to remind you of those w iiose kind 
regards will follow you wlierever duty and jiat riot ism 
calls you to go. 

lilessings brighten as tliey take their tliglit ; anil this 
national ensign, now that the storm-cloud dark and 
l)ortentous is rolling u() from the .South, is dearer 
to all of our hearts at this moment, yes, a thou- 
sand fold dearer, than it ever was before when gil.lcd 
witli the sunshine of prosperity and pbiying with the 
zej)hyrs of peace. It speaks for itself far mori' elo- 
quently than 1 can speak for it. Jjislen to its voice of 
))atriotism. It speaks of earlier and of later struggles 
in the cause of freedom. It speaks of victories on the 
sea and on the land. It speaks of statesmen and heroes 
among the living and among the dead. liut belbre all 
and above all other associations and memories, whether 
of glorious men, or of glorious deeds, or of glorious 
])laces, it speaks trumpet-tongued for the union of these 
.States, now and Ibrevei'. IaI it till the stor\' of its 
birth to these gallant volunteers as tbey march beneath 
its folds by day or repose around its sentinel stars by 
night. liCt it recall to their jmniories the eventlid his- 
tory of its origin, its cost in toil and blood. Let it 
rehearse to them its trials and its triunij)hs in juace 
and in war; and whatever else may happen to it ui" 
them, it will never be prostituted to the unholy purpose 
of revenge or depredation ; it will never be sui leuilcred 
to rebels, or ignominiously struck to treason. 



THE DEPARTURE. 19 

Au(l now, before itlacing it in your hands, 1 desire to 
ask a lew (luestioiis, to wliieli you will please give autli- 
ble answers. 

Do you solemnly proiiiise to love this Hag? 

[Yes.] 

iJo you promise to honor it ? 

[Yes.] 

Do 3-ou pronuse to obey it ? 

[Yes.] 

Do you promise to sustain and defend it, even unto 
death? 

[Yes.] . 

I, then, in this presence and before these witnesses, 
solemnly join you to the American Flag; and what we 
have now joined together let not Jell'. Davis or his 
minions i)ut asunder. 

"Now IjIoss this liauiier, God of Hosts, watch o'or each slany 

fold : 
'Tis Freedoms Standard, tried and proved, on many a lield o,- 

old 
And tlioii who long hast hlessed us, O bless us once af,'ain, 
And crown our causu with victory, and kcc]) this l-'lai; Iroui 

stain." 

Adjutant Charles Case responded briefly, on belialf 
of the Regiment, pledging the Mayor, the patriotic 
women, and the people, that the flag received should . 
never be dishonored, but if opportunity offered, be 
made more glorious by the valor of brave men. 



20 HENDERSON. 



CHAPTER III. 

IN THE FIELD. -INDIANAPOLIS, EVANSVILLE. AND HENDEBSON. 

The Regiment reached Indianapolis about 3 o'clock 
A. M.. the 24th, the next day after leaving Fort Wayne, 
in the midst of a snow-storm, and for the first lime went 
into tents. The equipage and clothing of the command 
were now completed, and on the 26th the Regiment 
started, by way of the Terre Haute and Vincennes rail- 
road, for Evansville, where the commanding officer was 
ordered to report by letter to Gen. T. J. Crittenden, at 
Calhoun, Kentucky. 

Upon their arrival at Evansville, the Regiment was 
most agreeably surprised to find a dinner in waiting, at 
the market-house, an offering of respect and loyal devo- 
tion on the part of the citizens of the city. The Regi- 
ment went into camp in the eastern suburbs of the city, 
and for a few days suffered no little from exposure to 
the cold and unusually inclement weather. It was then 
thought rather rough soldiering, but many times after 
would have been accepted with feelings of much relief. 
The sick list now began to increase rapidly, but mainly 
as the result of measles, which was'becoming prevalent 
in all the companies. On the 31st the number of sick 
in the Regimental Hospital had run up to thirty, with 
many men sick in quarters. The Marine Hospital, a 



HENDERSON. 21 

Government institution for the benefit of the marine 
service, was opened for the reception of sick soUliers, 
and all who could not be comfortably cared for in Regi- 
mental quarters were sent there for treatment. The 
first death since leaving Fort Wayne occurred here, in 
Regimental Hospital, that of David Wert, Co. E, He 
died with strong confidence in the Christian faitli, and 
was buried with military honors in the city cemetery, 
all the officers of the Regiment, and nearly all the sol- 
diers, attending. 

Pursuant to orders from Gen. Crittenden, the Regi- 
ment set out on its first march, December nth, fur 
Henderson, Kentucky, a point twelve miles distant by 
land, on the opposite side of the Ohio river. The 
march was made upon the Indiana side, and the land- 
ing opposite Henderson was reached about three o'clock 
in the afternoon. The Regiment crossed over in ferry 
boats, and tlien marching through the city with flying 
colors, went into camp in a beautiful grove in the sub- 
urbs. Kentucky, though it had at first contended for a 
neutral position between those attempting to sever the 
Union and those determined to uphold it, and had 
opposed the entrance upon her soil of the armies of 
each, had found it impossible to hold to such a sdly 
and unpatriotic position, if such were really the inten- 
tion of the leaders. Union and Rebel armies were now 
manoeuvring for position and preparing for battle upon 
her soil, and thousands of her citizens had joined the 
armies of each side. The ^tate Government had passed 
under rebel influence, and the Union soldiers felt, when 
touching the Kentucky shore, that they were in the 



22 HENDERSON. 

entfmy's country. Such were the feelings of tlie men 
of the Forty- fourth Luliana wlien they crossed the Ohio 
river at lienderson. Though tlie jjLice prtjfe.ssed loy- 
ahy, the coolness with whicli the command was received, 
and the exi)ressed sympathy of many for tlie rebel cause, 
were so much in contrast with the enthusiastic reception 
acc-oriletl the command on the Indiana side, that the 
men felt the necessity, and the officers in command the 
imperative duty, of taking all the precautions obligatory 
in face of an enemy. Pickets were thrown out, and the 
Regiment kept in readiness for action. 

On November 9th the Military Department of the 
Ohicj had been formed, consisting uf the Slates of Ohio, 
Michigan, Indiana, and that portion of Kentucky east 
of tlie Cumberland River and the State of Tennessee, 
and (General Buell was placed in command on tiie y\ of 
December. General Thomas J. Crittenden was apjjointed 
commander of the Fifth Division of the Army of the 
Ohio, comprising the iith, 13th, and 14th Brigades. 
The 13th Brigade consisted of the 3ist Indiana Infantry, 
Col. Charles Cruft ; 44th Indiana, Col. H. B. Reed; 
17th Kentucky, Col. J, H. McHenry ; 25th Kentucky, 
Col. James W. Shackleford. Colonel Cruft was assigned 
to the command of the Brigade. 

General Crittenden's headquarters were at this time 
at Calhoun, upon (ireen River, some torty miles dis- 
tant across the country. All of his regiments except 
the Ft)rty-fourth were in that vicinity. The enemy had 
threatened an attack on his lines from Ilopkinsville, 
and had advanced as far as Greenville, late in Novem- 
ber, but deflected from there to Bowling Green, near 



HENDERSON. 23 

where was encamped the centre of the Army of the 
Ohio, under the command of General A. M. D. McCook. 
General Thomas hekl the left of the line, in Eastern 
Kcntiuky, with the rebel General Zollicoffer in his 
iront. The Forty- fourth Indiana was alone on the 
extreme right of General Buell's forces. Though, as 
afterward appeared, no considerable body of the enemy 
was near, there were enougii rumors and alarms lo keep 
the command in readiness for battle, and to give to the 
needeil drill exercises the zest and interest that would 
insure most efficiency. 

There were rumors to the effect that the enemy was 
marauding the country in the vicinity and eathering up 
all the live stock possible, for the support of the Con- 
federate forces. These rumors having assumed an 
api)arently reliable form, the Colonel concluded to send 
out a force to investigate the matter, and if possible 
capture the parties. On the i6th of December two 
detachments of fifty men each, one under command of 
Captain Kinney and the other under Captain Merrill, 
Co. F, set out on their first march, in search of the 
marauders. The Captains were ordered to proceed as 
far as Highland Creek, eighteen miles distant, and were 
to strike that stream at two points, supposed to be about 
five miles ajnrt, at the same time, and then each to 
march to a jjoint midway, expecting to find the enemy 
between. Ca|)tain Kinney's, detachment reached the 
designated puint on time, and then marched down 
the stream to the place of union, but neither the 
enemy mn- the other tletachment was found. In tlie 
meantime Captain Heath, Co. I, and a messenger, had 



24 HENDERSON. 

come up on horseback, with orders from camp. These 
and the Assistant Surgeon volunteered to go in search 
of Captain Merrill and his detachment, and starting 
about nine o'clock at night, traveled until break of day, 
when the command was found fifteen miles distant from 
the other, the two roads striking the creek that much 
farther apart than was reported. The two detachments 
were then brought together, thus consuming the whole 
of that day. In the meantime the camp haa become 
alarmed, and Lieutenant-Colonel Crosthwait was sent 
out with another detail of one hundred men to our aid. 
All returned in two days, without a sight of the enemy 
or of the liogs he was rei)orted to be stealing. 

This little ripple, the first in camp life, was known as 
the " Hog Expedition." The most serious result was 
the disability of the Lieutenant- Colonel. The exposure 
and toil occasioned a recurrence of chronic diarrhoea, 
contracted during the Mexican war. He was furloughed 
and went home, where he died February 20th, 1862, 
greatly to the grief of the command. 

The remainder of the month of December was quietly 
spent in camp. The ravages of the measles kept up a 
large sick list, but otherwise the command maintained 
comparatively good health. About one hundred and 
fifty had been sent to hospital since reaching Evans- 
ville. A regimental hospital was established in an old 
hotel building in Henderson, of which Surgeon Martin^ 
took charge. Two patriotic women — Mrs. Burch, wife 
of Joseph Burch, Co. A, and Sarah Eldridge, wife of 
Henry Eldridge, Co. K, — under the impression that the 
Government would allow the employment of hospital 



'8 




BALDWIN J CROSTHWAIT, 

LIKUTKNANT-COLONBL. 



JIKNDERSO]S\ 2^) 

matrons, accompanied the regimental hospital up to this 
time, rendering miKh service to tlie sick. 

The first few weeks in Kentucky were novel, even 
outside of the new and before untried duties of a sol- 
dier. With very few exceptions, not a member of tiie 
Regiment had trodden slave soil before. They came to 
it, many of them, with feelings of extreme hostility to 
the institution of slavery, many with feelings of indif- 
ference, and a few, possibly, with sentiments of approval. 
But to all, the sight of a slave at daily, unrequited toil 
was new. Henderson county then ranked second in the 
State in the number of slaves held. It was reported 
that there were over 4,000 slaves in the county. The 
following extract from a private letter, written from the 
camp, will be of interest in showing the position of the 
Government, and sentiment of the soldiers, at that 
time: 

" A good negro hires here for from $;il)0 to $300 a 
year, the hirer bearing all loss by sickness, paying doc- 
tor bills, etc. A ])retly cosy way of living, that— take 
one of your fellow men and hire him for $:i(K) a year, 
and pocket tiie money yourself! Negro stock, though, 
is down now— prices one-third lower and few Hales. Not 
a soldier nor officer lias attempted to tamjjer with the 
institution. They would be severely punished if they 
should. Even conversation with the slaves is prohib- 
ited. The Union men here are very temler upon this 
point. .Should we tamjjer with the slaves theie would 
soon bean uproar. It is not our mission here to steal 
'niggers.' If they want to leave and can lollow our 
trail l)ack, they may, for all of us. We can render them 
no assistance in getting away, or their masters in hold- 
ing them. The secessionists here would really like 



26 HENDER^Oy. 

soiue of tlie .soldiers to run oil' a lew, tliuL tlicy ini,i;lit 
ruiso a howl. We will not aceominodate theiii in that 
lino; though, if sonic of the l)oys knew it would <j;et up 
a light here [for whieh some were just then spoiling;], 
they would he teiupteil to try it. We are in the seivi(;e 
of our country, intend to ohey her laws and tight her 
battles, and do naught but what we are authorized to do. 
" Four or live free negroes living near here weie 
stolen a few nights ago, and taken .South ; two of whom 
were land-holdei's. The rascally kidnappers went to 
theii'-houst's and ])resented an order signed, they said, 
by Colonel Jieeil, recjuesting them to come to camij. 
They started, as they suiiposeti, for the camp, but soon 
after learned their mistake. One of them, a father, suc- 
ceeded in making his escape, hut one of his sons was 
taken along. The father came to the camp and ollered 
Colonel lieed his farm and that of his son if he would 
rescue his hoy. The Colonel could not interfere." 

.Such were the sentiments of even the loyal people 
then, and suth the ortlers of the Government ; tluit a 
commander of troops on slave soil, fighting for the 
union of the States attempted to be overthrown by a 
rebellion whose corner-stone was acknowledged to be 
slavery, could figlu his whole command to recapture 
hogs stolen to feed the rebel army, but not to rescue 
a brother man willi a dark face, stolen to serve the 
men in the rebel army. Is it to be wondered at tiuit a 
God of Justice deferred a speedy victory to a jjcople 
so imbued with the evil whose aggressions tliey were 
fighting to overcome ? 15ut in a few da)s, on January 
1st, 1862, many of the coinmand wilnesh,cd in Hender- 
son the last auction, there, of human slaves. Relief 
came to the slave before it ditl to his master. 



HENDKliSON. 



27 



Upon this day the Colonel received orders to rc[)ort 
at Calhoun, with eight companies of his command, and 
to leave two companies at Henderson until further 
orilers. The com[)anies detailed to remain were Co. G, 
Captain Williams, and Co. K, Captain Aldrich. The 
sick — some sixty in all — were left in charge of the 
Assistant Surgeon. On the 12th of January he was 
ordered to place the remaining sick in care of a resi- 
dent [jhysician, and join the command at Calhoun. 

The deaths in the command during iS6i were: 

Francis Jirooks, Co. A, at CJump Alien, Fort Wayne, 
of apoj)k'xy, October 8d. 

Samuel Gilbert, Co. K, at Camp Allen, supposed dis- 
ease of heart (was found dead in quarters), November 
Gth. 

W. H. Stiver, Co. E, at Reeker's Hospital, Fort 
Wayne, of tyi)hoid fever, December 8th. 

James II. Norton, Co. G, at JSIarine Hospital, Evans- 
ville, of typlioid fever, December l!)th. 

David W^erts, Co. E, at Regimental Hospital, Evans- 
ville, December !)lh. 

John L. Sbatto, Co. K, December loth, aiul William 
tinnier, (V). D, Deeend)er 2;Ul, at Marine Hospital, 
^•A'auhville, both of typlioitl fever, secjuela of measles. 

Samuel Endsley, Co. K, December :2oth, at Hender- 
son, of pneumonia. 

With respect to the services of Companies O and K 
at Henderson, we copy the following from articles 
recently published iii the De Kalb Comity Republican, 
entitled " Life in the Ranks of the Forty-fourth Indiana 
Volunteers," by Sergeant Geo. W. Gordon, Co. K. : 



i 

i 



'28 HENDERSON. 

'.! Following the departure of the Regiment, the bat- 
talion moved to tiie lair ground and guarded all the 
a^iproache-s to the town, and was kept almost constantly 
on duty until the evening of January 28th, when a 
courier brought orders from General Crittenden to take 
immediate ijossession of the city and secure the strong- 
est buildings for quarters, as a hostile force was ap- 
l)roaching. ypeedily tents were struck and loaded, and 
the troops marched in and took possession of the court 
house, despite strong opposition by the rebel sheritl", 
who refused the keys until told that the doors woidd 
otherwise be broken open. An exciting scene followed. 
The rebel element swore the soldiers must be driven 
out, but the Unionists sided with the troops. Meetings 
were held, irate speeches made, and resolutions x^wssed, 
but the ixitrols dispersed the secessionists, and the bat- 
talion stood to arms during the ensuing night, fully 
expecting to fight the coming enemy, aided by the 
reljels in the city. With morning came the Sixtieth 
Indiana, and two companies of Home Guards from 
Evansville. This reinforcement caused the enemy to 
abandon their design. A hotel across the street, used as 
rebel headquarters, was occupied, and the stars and 
stripes hoisted from the roof. During the morning 
Jacob Fink, Co. K, hearing an insulting remark about 
Governor Morton by a secessionist, would have shot 
him had not a sergeant seized his gun, and ordered th« 
rebel to leave, which he <li<i forthwith. The reinforce- 
ments returned February 2<i to Kvansville, leaving the 
battalion to continue unmolested the round of guard 
drill and other duties." 

These two companies rejoined the Regiment on the 
Tennessee River, near Furt Henry, on the loih of 
March. 



HENDERSON. 



29 



The deaths at Henderson, besides those before men- 
tioned, were : Cornelius Hinton, Co. K, January ist, 
1862, of typhoid pneumonia; Scott Headly, Co. F, 
January 4th, of same ; Thomas Parks, Co. D, January 
15th, of same; Deming Barton, Co. I, January 25th, of 
consumption; Andrew J. Hart, Co. H, February 2otli, 
of typhoid fever; Phineas Cary, Co. G, February 22d, 
of typhoid pneumonia; Henry Severns, Co. K, Febru- 
ary 27th, of diphtheria. 



I 



7 



30 Tilt: GREEN RIVKU CAMPAIGN. 



CHAPTER IV, 

THE GUEKN UIVKK CAMPAIGN. 

The Colonel, with eight companies of his Regiment, 
who had set out on the march overland for Calhoun, 
after a verv nnjdeasant tramp of four days through nuid, 
rain and slush, reached Calhoun un the 6Lh of January, 
and went into camp, which they at once commenced to 
prepare for winter cjuarters. liut this occupation was 
very short, as on the 15th of January General Critten- 
den moved his whole c:omniand, except one regiment 
and the sit:k, ten miles up Cireen River, to South Car- 
rolton. Here the Regiment again went into (amp. 
The weather during the stay at Calhoun and Semth 
Carrolton was exceedingly inclement, anil the sick list 
was fearfully increased. The Surgeon's monthly report 
for January showed 86 remaining sick at last report, arid 
114 taken sick during the month. Of these, 5 had 
died, I had been furloughed, 7 sent to Ceneral Hos- 
pital, 103 returned to duty, leaving 84 sick on hand. 
These only iiu hided hos|)ital cases. Probably three 
times as many more were treated in camp, and temjjor- 
arily exem[ned from duty. 

The troops moved to Sctnth Carrolton consisted of 
the 31st Indiana, Colonel Cruft ; 43d Indiana, Colonel 
Steele ; 44t.h Indiana, Colonel Keed ; 42 Indiana, CcjI- 



TJIE GliKlCN lilVKR CAMPAIGiX. 



31 



onel Junes; nth Kentucky, Colonel Hawkins; 25th 
Keiiliuky, Colonel Shackleford ; 26tli Kentucky, Cul- 
onel 15in-i)ii(lge; — th Kentucky Cavalry, Colonel Jack- 
sun, and two battalions of artillery,. 

An advance of rebel forces from Bowling (ireen was 
anticipated here, and on the 25th of January the com- 
mand was speedily set to work felling trees in front, and 
throwing up breastworks; but after two or three tluys of 
hard toil for the soldiers, the alarm subsided. On the 
30th the sick were ordered to be taken to boat to be 
earned back to Calhoun, preparatory to the movement 
ot the whole command back to that place. The writer 
went to one of the boats, and found such as were able 
to walk crowding on by hundreds, but none, however 
sick, were allowetl to enter the cabin. After some 
words with the captain of the boat, he returned and 
reported to Surgeon Martin. 'Jlie Doctor's indignation 
was aroused, as it was quickly on all occasions when the 
sick in his charge were heedlessly treated or insulted; 
and not having, as yet, learned mUitary restraint, he 
seized his revolver, ordered four or five soldiers with 
muskets in their hands to accompany him, and the 
Assistant Surgeon to follow with the sick. The cabin 
doors opened, upon his demand, though in a somewhat 
damaged condition, and the floor was soon covered with 
the sick. The Surgeon's popularity among the soldiers 
was advanced materially, and he was never disturbed for 
the act. 

The Regiment marched by land to Calhoun, Febru- 
ary 1st, and went into camp, but to rest a few tlays oidy. 
Colonel Cnift was ordered to rej.ort with all the efficient 



4V 



"A 



32 '^'HE GREEN RIVER CAMPAIGN. 

men pf his brigade, to General Grant, on tlie Tennes- 
see River, and on the ptli boarded boats for that point. 
The Assistant Surgeon was again detailed to remain 
behind with the sick, the detail covering the care of 
the sick of the 251)1 Kentucky, also. Tiie march to and 
from South Carrolton, and the inclement weather, had 
brought very many down, and at that early stage of the 
war the facilities for caring for the sick were very poor 
and inadequate. At Calhoun there were probably nearly 
a thousand sick altogether, and no general hospital pro- 
visions whatever. The sick were sheltered from the 
storms and cared for as well as possible, in bar-rooms, 
old vacant buildings, a church, a niasonic hall, and 
scattered around in dwelling houses. There were left 
of the Forty-fourth Indiana, 76 sick in hospital, so 
called, and 61 in camp (juarters. The Twenty-fifth 
Kentucky left 90 sick, most of them being crowded in 
the audience room of a church. The care of so many 
sick, under sucli circumstances, was an exceedingl) hard 
task for one physician, and was indeed the most toil- 
some and responsible he had during over four years of 
service. 

The diseases most prevalent were pneumonia and 
typhoid fever, and the situation and weather as unfavor- 
able as they well could be, for their successful treatment. 
There died at Calhoun, during the winter of 1861-2 : 

Nathan Myers, Co. E, February 7tli. 
Henry Dehiter, Co. E, February 8th. 
Joseph Cairns, Co. E, February 4th. 
Charles Hulbert, Co. D, February 12tli. 
Thomas Blackburn, Co. D, February IGth. 



THE GREEN RIVER CAMPAIGN. 



33 



John Htind, Co. B, February 17th. 
John H. Steuley, musician, Co. H, February 21st. 
George Fish, sergeant, Co. H, Feb. 24th. 
Arthur Haywood, Co. — , died at South Carrolton, 
January 28th. 

The remaining sick were removed to the Marine 
Hospital at Evansville, on March ist, and the Assistant 
Surgeon, with some 8o convalescents, took boat at this 
point to rejoin the Regiment, then in camp near Fort 
Henry. 



t 



i 



34 FORT DONELSON. 



CHAPTER V. 

FOItX DONELSON. 

The Forty-Fourth Indiana, with the other regiments 
of the 13th brigade, left Calhoun, Ky., as before stated, 
February 9th, 1862, and moved down Green River to 
the Ohio, then down that river to Paducah. 

The following lines were soon after published, with 
the statement that they were composed by a member of 
the Forty-fourth while floating down the Ohio to join 
General Grant at Fort Donelson. The name of the 
member was not given, and is yet unknown to the writer. 

ITiius bg a Ijoosiq DoluntctTi. 

On Ohio's briglit waters I'm tloating once more, 
As I send Ibrlh my greetings to Hoosierdom's shore, 
But a sigli is borne with tliem far over the lee 
Fur my own Immble liome in that land of the I'ree. 

While the curtains of evening are shrouding the day, 
Let me turn from the press of our warriors away, 
To conceal from the gaze of tlie strangers a tear 
For the land tliat I love and the home that's so dear. 

For tlie perils of battle my lieart may be steel. 
But fur llie hume-laud and kindred 'tis manly to feel; 
Then a moment for grief, as my boat hurries past, 
And I look, Indiana, on tliee for the last. 

Trusting wife of my youth! "with a moistening eye. 

On my lips is thy name, as I sob my good-bye ! 

Oh ! the field may have terrors, and death may liave pain, 

But none like the fear, that we meet not again. 



:>^k 



FORT DONELtiOX. 35 

And now, while I know thy lone heart is ucliing, 

IJy tlio bnnlcn tliut piosses mint' own to its hrealcing, 

I commit tlieo a)nl thiiju) to tlie l'"uther above, 

WlK) lias blessed with his smiles all the years of our love. 

Tiice ami thine— Think and Mine— Oh, the dear ones who sit 
Round the liearth of my lutnii^and in sorrow I'oiieat 
The foml name of Father— my clill.lren, to you ■ 
I breathe forth my last and my saddest adieu. 

Oh, pityin',' God! while to battle I go, i3Q 5^1.5^9 

On the idols of liome consolation bestow! 

And thouj;h I may fall, this only I crave; 

Re a balm to the hearts that must bleed o'er my grave. 

fVoni Paducah the brigade moved up the Tennessee 
to Fort Henry, on the nth ol" February, where it 
remained but a few hours, being at once attached to 
General Lew. Wallace's division, which, with Commo- 
dore Foote's fleet of gunboats, was just ready to start 
for Fort Donelson, by way of the Tennessee and Cum- 
berland rivers. This movement down to Paducah and 
thence up the Cumberland to Fori Donelson, is often 
referred to, by the old soldiers who were along, as the 
most orderly and magnificent display of gunboats and 
transports they saw during the war. 

Tlie troops were landed five miles below Fort Donel- 
son, B'ebruary 14th, and moved at once to the right of 
the Union line, and bivouacked that night in front of 
the enemy. The day had been one of the coldest for 
that part of the country, and without any shelter, or 
other covering than a blanket apiece, the Regiment 
sought rest before engaging in its first battle, and what 
proved the first great, and one of the greatest, victories 
of the war. A snow-storm blew up tluring the night, 
and when the morning light dawned the waking heroes 



% 







1 

! 



36 FORT DONELSOyr. 

could be seen in all directions creeping out of grave- 
like hillocks of snow that covered the ground. By the 
time coffee was made and some hard- tack " munched," 
the orders came to "fall in" and move forward. I 
could give no more reliable account of the part per- 
formed by the Forty-fourth Indiana, in this battle, than 
to copy Colonel Reed's official report : 

" Four Henry, February 18, 1862. 
Col. Charles Cnift, commanding First Urlt,'ade', Third Division : 

Sni:— On the morning of February 15, the Forty- 
fourth Regiment Indiana Volunteerd left their bivouac 
near the eneniy'H lines, and marched to the attack on 
Fort Donelson. By order of (ieueral McClernaiul we 
first took petition near a battery, wiiich was* after- 
ward assaulted by the rebels. In this position the ene- 
my's shot fiew over our heads. Sliortly after, we were 
ordered forward into line with our brigade. As we 
marched past the enemy's breastworks we received 
a heavy Are, wounding some of our men. We took our 
position on the left wing of the brigade, in front of and 
Avithin range of the enemy's guns ; they were invisible 
to us, while we were exposed to their view. Tiiere was 
part of a regiment of Union troops (Colonel Logan's) on 
the slope of the hill between us and the enemy. Colonel 
Logan came to our line and requested we would not 
fire, as it would endanger his men. I gave the order to 
the men to withhold their fire. We remained exposed 
to the enemy's fire for fifteen or twenty minutes, with- 
out being able to return it, or to determine whether our 
friends were still in danger from our guns. At this time 
the enemy's fire partly subsiding, the regimental colors 
were ordered forwanl, and were planted ten pares in 
front of tlie line of battle by First-Lieutenant Story, of 
Company C. This failing to call forth a lire, Captain 



FORT DONELSON. 37 

Binghnm, Company H, advanced to a point ten or twelve 
paees farther in front of our line, and waved our colors 
in the air. Tiiis drew his lire, which was most heartily 
responded to by our men, and was followed up in rapid 
succession on both sides. Our men behaved most gal- 
lantly. In the early j)art of the action. Captain Cupi)y, 
Comi^any E, was severely wounded, while in advance of 
his men cheering them on. 

By this time the regiment on our left having entirely 
changed its position, leaving our flank exposed, a move- 
ment was made by a well-mounted cavalry regiment, 
and a body of infantry, to turn our left wing. Captain 
Murray, Company B, was ordered to open fire upon 
them, and did so witli terrific efiect. Companies E and 
H were ordered to the sui)port of Company B, and 
poured in a well-directed fire, causing them to fall back 
in disorder. At this time, finding my regiment entirely 
alone and unsupported, the regiments on the left having 
withdrawn and our brigade having changed position to 
the right, (thus ex^josing both wings, of which the ene- 
my was about to take advantage,) the order was given 
to change position to the right, which was done by a 
right flank in good order; with the exception of a ])art 
of the left wing, which, from not having fully under- 
stood the order, became separated from the main body, 
and some confusion ensued. But in a few minutes they 
rejoined us. Ours was the last regiment engaged with 
the enemy during the fight in the morning. Having 
joined the brigade, we took position on an adjoining 
elevation, and awaited orders. 

Major Stoughton, posted during the ejitire action in 

the most exposed position, deserves the highest praise 

for the cool courage and daring displayed. I would 

, gladly mention instances of personal bravery during the 

entire day. Too much credit cannot be bestowed on our 



\ 






38 FORT DOyELSON. 

men- for their cool and determiiieil courage, and espec- 
ially during tiie trying time when exposed to tlie ene- 
my's bullets, without l)eing permitted to return it — both 
officers and men, in this our first engagement; but 
where almost all performed their jjart so well, it would 
reciuire too lengthy a list to name them personally, while 
many, justly de>erving, might be unintenlionuUy omit- 
ted. The Forty-fourth did its duty. \Ye lost in the 
engagement 7 killed, 34 wounded, and 2 missing. 

From our position on the hill where our column 
rested we could see the battle-tield in the morning, ami 
the enemy again form his line of battle, at about half- 
past three o'clock w M. A renewed attack upon his 
lines was ordered by General Wallace. My regiment 
advanced to the foot of the hill occupied by the enemy, 
formed in liue of battle in face of a storuL of bullets, 
finding the ground occupied by the Eighth Missouri. 
I advanced my regiment up the liill at double quick ; 
our men, loudly cheering, advanced rapidly to the sum- 
mit of the hill, tiring at the enemy. The enemy soou 
retreated inside his entrenchments, closely foUowed by 
our troops. A fire was opened on us by their batteries, 
the shells fallinj^ near our lines. Whilst deliberating 
u])on an attack on the fortifications, we receiveil an 
order from General Grant to fall back to the brow of the 
hill, which was done. Here we bivouacked for the 
uight. The following morning (Sundayi we were or- 
dered by you to march forwaixl to attack the enemy's 
works. When just ready to march, the joyful intelli- 
gence was bn)ught us that the enemy had surrendered. 
Our coluuiJi being in motion, we were the first to march 
into the town of Dover. 

I am. Colonel, your obedient servant, 

HUGH B. REED, 
Col. eomniiiuding AiiXi Reg't Ind. Vols." 



i 



I 






I'ORT noN£LSoy. 39 

The cool bravery of the commanding ofificer of the 
Regiment, in this his first battle, was the admiration and 
pride of the men. The great chieftain, General Grant, 
could not more coolly smoke his cigar, and give orders 
in the midst of the clash of armies, than did Colonel 
Reed in this conflict. At the moment of making the 
charge up the hill, so modestly referred to in his report, 
the Colonel dismounted, gave his horse in charge of an 
orderly, stepped to the front of his Regiment with a 
pistol in each hand, and called upon his men to "Come 
on." They promptly rushed forward, cheering loudly, 
and in connection with the Eiglnh Missouri on the right, 
under Colonel Morgan L Smith, made the most brilliant 
charge of the battle. It was this charge that broke the 
line of the enemy, when he fled back to his entrench- 
ments, and it is believed discovered to him the necessity 
of immediate and unconditional surrender. 

Sergeant Gordon relates, incidental to the second 
day's action, that some of the over-ranged projectiles 
from tiie rebel guns fell in the rear, and among the 
knapsacks of the Regiments, scattering tliem generally, 
and driving the guards to shelter. A cannon ball struck 
the base drum played by T. B. Totten, Co. F, wlio be- 
came quite excited over this unasked help in playing his 
drum. At night a detail from the Regiment was sent 
out to bring in the wounded, wiio, in tiie gloom and 
darkness, could only be found by their moans. Many, 
in their blood-drenched clothes, were found frozen to 
the ground. The wearied cletail, about eight o'clock in 
the morning, heard a cry near the rebel picket line, but 
deemed it unsafe to go to the relief. Alexander Kin- 



i\ 



n 

V 

1 



40 FORT DO NELSON. 

mopt, Co, F, who liad charge of a detail of seven men, 
decided to attempt the relief of the unknown sufferer, 
and after some urging pursuaded his comrades to follow 
him. The wounded man was found almost inside the 
enemy's line, badly wounded, lying on his back, and 
his hair frozen to the earth. They cut him loose and 
brought him safely into hospital. 

As illustrative of the valor of the citizens of northern 
Indiana, it may not be amiss to mention that James R. 
Devor, then a clerk for the Sutler of the Regiment, 
borrowed a musket, went into this battle " on his own 
hook," and fired some forty rounds at the enemy. Two 
years after he enlisted, and became a member of the 
Regiment. 

Soon after the word came that the enemy had sur- 
rendered, General Grant and his staff rode by, and as 
he passed the head of the Regiment, he said to Colonel 
Reed, " Come along." The Colonel was not sure 
whether the order meant himself alone, or his command, 
but to be on the safe side he passed the word " for- 
ward" down the line ; and the Forty-fourth Regiment 
was the first to enter the town of Dover, and had the 
honor of receiving and stacking the guns of a number 
of rebel regiments. 

The conduct of the Regiment in this battle elicited 
much applause at home. A public meeting was called 
at Fort Wayne, and Colerick's hall was filled to over- 
flowing. Hon. Lot S. Ba)iiss, who had been on a visit 
to the Regiment at the time of the battle, gave a de- 
scription of the part performed by the Forty-fourth, 



FORT DO NELSON. /^\ 

which was followed by resolutions highly complimentary 
of the officers and men engaged, making especial men- 
tion of their fellow-citizens, Colonel Reed, Chaplain 
Beeks, and Lieutenant Story, and of Major Stoughton 
and Surgeon Martin. At this meeting Mrs. Charles 
Case, President of the Ladies' Soldiers' Aid Society 
of the city, was presented a rebel flag, captured from a 
Virginia regiment, bearing upon it the words ; ''The 
Faulkner Guards. In God We IVust." 

The killed and wounded of the Regiment in this 
battle were : 

KILLED. 

John C. Dee, Company C ; the first to fall. 
Daniel Licliten waiter, Company B. 
Marshall Kyle, Company B. 
Isaac Graham, Company B. 
Andrew .T. Stillwell, Company E. 
Nelson Parrott, Company E. 
'David Nelson, Company H. 

WOUNDEr>. 

Compani/ .1.— Oran^^e Throop, John Ryan, Samuel 
Tinsley. 

Company i?.— John Cagen, Thomas Caldwell, Co- 
lumbus Crawford, William W. McCourtiiey, Joseph 
Kirkpatrick. 

Company C— Fred Stein, M, Drury, P. Hoban, Wil 
liam P. Hedges. 

Company D.—B. McCord. 

Company A'.— Capt. William Cuppy, Henry Rhoades, 
Adam Barsh, William Hildebrand, Alexander Coff, 
Cary Primlott. 



I 



42 FORT DONELSON. 

Coiiipaiuj 7<;— Soluaiou Kinsley, Suiuuel Jaqufes, 
Thoimis O. Sloan. 

Comimmj //.—Jacob Deeter, Daniel Bowers, James 
Longeor, William Siarkey, p:iias Holninger, Hiiaiu 
Pontius, Daniel Spero, William Crow. 

Companu /.-—IJ. F. Layton, Lewis A. Money, Hiram 
Missler, Ambrose C. Lamb, A. 1*. Waterhoiise. 



8HIL0H. 43 



CHAPTER VI. 

FORT HENIiV TO PITTSBUKO LANDING.— SHILOH BATTLE. 

Immediately after the capture of Fort Donelson the 
Forty-fourth moved with the advance across the country 
to Fort Henry, and then went into camp. While here, 
it, with the other regiments which constituted the origi- 
nal 13th brigade, and, in the recent conflict, the ist 
brigade, 3d division, was now assigned to the 4th divis- 
ion, General S. A. Hulbert, and numbered the 4th, with 
Colonel Cruft in temporary command. 

On the loth of March the army again broke camp, 
and boarding some sixty steamers and transports, pro- 
ceeded by a number of gunboats, moved up the Tennes- 
see river, making probable the most impo.sing display 
of river craft during the war. There was a halt of two 
or three days at Savannah, during whicli Companies G 
and K came up and rejoined the Regiment. The fleet 
moved forward, to Pittsburg Landing, on the 15th, 
when the 4th brigade was the first infantry landed. 
General Hulbert's division went into camp on tl^e 
Hamburg road, about one mile from the landing, the 
4th brigade taking position on the left between the road 
and the river. 

During the voyage up the*"Tennessee River, and while 
in camp here, the command suffered severely from diar- 
rhoea, which became so generally prevalent that hardly 






44 SHILOH. 

a man in the Regiment was known to be entirely exempt 
from it. The praiseworthy ambition of a commander 
to make as good a show in numbers as possible, of men 
ready for duty, and the duty of the medical officers to 
protect the sick and disabled, will not always harmonize. 
The morning sick call, the detection of impostors, the 
excusing of the unfit from duty, always delicate and 
important duties on the part of the surgeons, became 
here more than usually embarrassing. The Colonel 
could make but a sorry show of men for duty. Not 
feeling sure that his medical officers were not too lenient 
towards the men, he sent one morning for the Assistant 
Surgeon who attended the sick call and excused the 
men complaining in quarters, to inquire into the matter. 
The large number who had just been excused seemed 
to him unnecessarily large. 'i"he medical othcer sug- 
gested that all who had reported at sick call that morn- 
ing, the excused and non-excused, be called back, and 
formed in line in front of the Colonel's quarters, and 
that he and the Chaplain, who was formerly a physi- 
cian, examine the men themselves. The suggestion was 
adopted, and the result was that the heart of the Colonel, 
who had a quick sympathy for the really suffering, was 
touched, and the excused list was somewhat enlarged, 
rather than diminished. Confidence in the medical 
officers was also increased, and never thereafter was 
their verdict of fit or unfit for duty called in question. 
The sick here were mainly treated in regimental hos- 
pital. A few were takt?n to the hospital boat, the 
Memphis, at the Landing. There died here, before the 
battle of Shiloh : 



! 



I 



SHILOH. 45 

Andrew Oberlin, Co. P, March 26. 

William Bennett, Co. A, March 2o. 

George Hoisinger, Co. H, March 28. 

Augustus Coleman, Co. A, March 29. 

David McCord, Co. D, April 2. 

Alvin Danner, Co. B, Ai)ril 6. 

Richard kSwain, Co. — , March 26, on hospital boat 
MemphU, and 

William Bender, Co. B, April 6, while being carried 
to the landing from the hospital, during the battle. 



Sunday morning, April 6th, 1862, opened as lovely 
and as beautiful as any sung of by the poets. No min- 
ister or priest seemed needed to direct the mind upward 
from nature to nature's God. The balmy air, the bright 
new foliage, glimmering in the rising sun, the gentle 
treble of the blue-birds in the overhanging boughs, 
seemed all-sufficient to awaken in the soul reverential 
regard for the Author of all beauty and all good. But 
the scene soon changed. The demons of war were let 
loose. The roar of musketry at the front announced 
the approach of an enemy. The frightened blue-birds 
ceased their loving twitter; the loveliness of nature 
around ceased to attract the attention of the soldier as 
he hurriedly gathered up his implements of war. 

The command to "fall in" was speedily obeyed, 
and in a few minutes the whole effective force of the 
Regiment was in line with the brigade, marching to the 
front. While moving to this engagement the Regiment 
formed its first acquaintancevWith its new brigade com- 
mander, who had been assigned to it only the day before 
— Brigadier-General Lauman. . 



40 SHILOH. 

For the part performed by the Regiment on this 
memorable occasion, we will first present the official re- 
port of Colonel Reed, made immediately after: 



Headquaktkrs Aim Indiana Voluntkeks, 
Pittsburt;, Teim., April 9, 1802. 



} 



Bilgiulk'vGcnpial J. G. Launiaii, eoiniuandlng Third Brlfadc, Fourth Divi- 
sion Army, WfSt Line : 

Sir : — I luive the honor to submit the following re- 
port of the jitut taken by the 44th Regiment Indiana j 
Volunteers in the aetions of the 6th and 7th, near Pitts- | 
burg, Tennessee : i 

AVe left our eneampment about eight o'eloek Sunday I 
inorning, with an eUeetive force of 478 men, and 
inarclied forward to support General Prentiss' division, 
which had been attacked by the enemy. We had gone 
but a short distance when we met his men retreating in 
much confusion. We i)rocee(led about one mile, and 
took position in line of battle in rear of a cam]) lately 
occupied by him. We formed our line under lire from 
the enemy's battery, — Colonel Cruft, 31st Indiana, on 
our right; Ijieutenant-Colonel Bristow, 2oth Kentucky, j 
and Colonel McHenry, 17th Kentucky, on our left. I j 
sent forward First-Lieutenant Wayne, Co. D, and P^irst i 
Lieutenant Barton, Co. B, each with a ])art of their j 
respective com2>anies, as skirmishers, in front of our 
line. They were soon driven in, and the whole line of i 
the 44lh and 81st Indiana furiously assaulted by the 
enemy, and as gallantly met, our men behaving in the 
coolest manner jtossible, loading and firing with the 
utmost rapidity ; and with so much zeal did they enter 
into it, that the officers had only to watch the light as a 
matter of interest rather than of duty. The enemy was | 
driven oil" with immense lOss. They again rallied, ami j 
charged up to within a few rods of our line, and were 
again repulsed. You, General, were with us, and have 



SHILOH. 47 

since gone over the ground so gallantly contested, and 
have witnessed liow terribly destructive was our lire — 
the ground being literally strewn with their <k'ad. IJut 
again they formed in column, and charged over an open 
tield on our left, and in front of the 17th and ^'jlh Ken- 
tucky, the gallant Colonel McHenry commanding, who 
poured into their ranks a most terrible lire. I imme- 
diately wheeled two companies of my left wing to the 
left, and opened upon his llank; his ranks were mown 
down at each lire, but he still ])ressed forwanl ; and as 
bravely was he received. His front rank went down, 
leaving a line of dead across his front, when he retreated 
in good order. 

This ending the engagement here, we were ordered 
to the sui)pt)rt of the line on our left, about half a mile 
distant, which had Tallen back. We took position on 
the left of, and supporting Willard's battery, which soon 
connnenced jjla^'ing upon the enemy, and we were soon 
charged upon in large force; and here was the most 
hotly contested fight of the day, being in an open fiekl, 
with the exception of a few scattering trees — the enemy 
far outnumbering us, aud lighting with desperate cour- 
age. The fire was fearfully severe, but our ollicers and 
men behaved with heroic bravery, never for a moment 
swerving from their jjosition, pouring in their fire with 
the coolness of veterans, and driving the enemy before 
them ; but again and again, with fresh troops, they ad- 
vanced to tiie charge. Our ammunition being expended, 
a part of a regiment was ordered up by you, to take our 
place while our boxes were refilk'd. In a few minutes 
we again entered the fight, and chargeil forward far in 
advance of our former line. Our color-bearer and guard 
were either killed or wounded, at the same moment, and 
two other brave men in succl'ssion being shot down, and 
our fiag riddled with balls, Lieutenant Newman, in 
command of Company H, bore it aloft, but soon fell 



48 SHILOH. 

luortally womuled. II was again taken by our brave 
men, and carried to the front, both officers and men 
rallying with heroic energy to ita support. Captain 
Murray, Company B, acting Captain George Weanier, 
and acting Lieutenant "Warren Banta, Company E, fell 
mortally wounded. Lieutenant Kinmont, in command 
of Company F, and Captain Cosgrove, Comjjany D, were 
severely wounded. Space will not permit mentioning 
many instances of personal bravery, nor is it necessary 
where all acted nobly. By this time our cartridges were 
again expended. You ordered up the 81st Indiana, 
which had occupied position as a reserve in our rear, to 
relieve us. We accordingly moved back in good order, 
and took position near a battery, by order of General 
Hulbert. The enemy, in tremendous force, drove back 
our lines, when we again changed position to the right, 
by onler of General Hulbert. Soon after this you re- 
joined us, and at your suggestion I drew up in line 
across the road by wiiich tlie enemy was advancing, and 
opened tire upon him. We were here entirely unsup- 
ported—our friends passing on. I moved my regiment 
by the right of companies to the rear, and retired by the 
flank to the battery on the hill in our rear, where we 
again formed in line in support of battery. The enemy 
made his attack on our left. A tierce contest ensued, in 
which some of our men were engaged. Night coming 
on, the enemy withdrew. We advanced our line 150 
paces in front of Ihe battery, and recited on our arms 
during the night. 

On Monday morning we were relieved by fresh 
troops ; our men, worn out and drenched to the skin by 
the pelthig storm (as General Hulbert knows, having 
spent the night with us), and having been twenty-four 
hours without food or rest, were given a few hours 
to prepare for the approaching battle. At about ten 



SHILOIT. 49 

o'clock j'ou ajj:aiii called us into lliie, the Forty-fourth 
on the ri<;lit wing. Our hrif^ade, sadly reduced in uuiu- 
bers, but atill ready for tlie light, was i)ut on march for 
the battle-lield, and was led by you to the extreme 
right, to supi)ort General Sherman's division, where we 
arrived at a very opportune moment. We found the 
enemy charging upon and driving our forces to our left 
and front, over cleared grouutl, and useil as drill ground 
by our troops. I immediately brougiit my regiment 
into line, and opened tire on tlie enemy. Our charge 
took them by surprise. They immediately retreated to 
the right and rear. Colonel McHenry, bringing up the 
left wing of our brigade, charged forward into the thick- 
est of tlie fight. The enemy slowly retreated, returning 
our tire. Their battery also oi)ened upon us. We pur- 
sued them over half a mile, but not knowing the posi- 
tion of our forces, I called a halt. At this moment, 
seeing CJeneral Sherman at a short distance, I rode to 
him and reported for orders— (having your horse sluit 
under you, I was unable to find you at the moment). 
General Slicrman ordered me not to advance further, 
but form our line where we were. Our men had become 
much scattered in the pursuit of the enemy, leaving us 
but a small force; and fresh regiment.s coming uj) to 
our support— amongst them the gallant 30th Indiana, 
Colonel J5ass— the enemy were attacked \vith renewed 
energy, and after a fierce and bloody contest of half or 
three-quarters of au Jiour, were driven from the field. 

During the fight of Sun«lMy and Monday my regi- 
ment fired over IGO rounds of cartridges at the enemy. 
No men ever fought more bravely ; too high praise can 
not be given them. Captain Murray and First Lieuten- 
ant I^arton, Co. Ji, Licutcnaftt Newman, commanding 
Co. H, Captain Tannehill and Lieutenant Grund, Co. 
C, Captain Williams and Lieutenants Shoemaker and 



50 SHILOII. 

Carey, Co, G, Cai)tain Cosgrovc and Lieutenant Wayne, 
Co. IJ, Captain Aldrieli and Lieutenants AVil.son and 
Bennett, Co. K, Aeting Captain George Weainer, Lieu- 
tenant INIeDonald and Aeting Lieutenant Warren Ikmta, 
Co. E, Lieutenant Kinniont, commanding Co. F, and 
Aeting Lieutenants Gansenliouser and Kinmont ot.same 
eoJU])any, Lieutenant Hodges, in command ut' Co. I, and 
Lieutenant Curtiss, of same company, Lieutenant J}urge 
Smith and Acting Ijieuteiumt Ulum, Co. A, were all in 
the thickest ol" the light, and no men ever fought more 
lieroically, anil justly deserve mention. I am greatly 
indebted to Lieutenant Colonel Stoughton for his valu- 
able aid ; there is no braver num. He hatl his liorse 
shot from under him, and was thnjwn with much force 
to the grouml, in the light on Monday; and to Acting 
]\Iajor Heath, Captain of Co. 1, to whom touhigh jjraise 
cannot be given for his bravery and devotion to his 
duties. Adjdtant Colgrove had his horse shot under 
him. Nor ought I to forget (he bravery and devotion 
to their duties of our surgeons, Drs. Martin and lleriek. 
They were with the regiment at all times during the 
tight, caring fur the wounded, and were exposed to the 
enemy's shot, and were both hit with balls. Lieutenants 
Wayne and John Frampton deserve mention for their 
devotion to our flag in Monday's light. I cannot refrain 
from giving expression to my adnjiration, and bearing 
testimony to tlie noble and heroic manner in which 
General Hulbertand yourself exposed your lives in your 
constant and unwearied ellbrts. Each of you was at all 
times to be seen at your several posts, directing the 
battle. No General, in my opinion, ever conducted a 
fight with more ability, or displayed greater bravery. 

Our loss in these engagements is 34 killed, 177 wound- 
ed, and one taken prisoner, 

I ain, General, very respectfully, 

Yuur\jbeclient servant, 

HUGH B. HEED, 

Col. coniniandiiiij UiXi Ind. Vols," 



HllILOH. 51 

We think the part performed by the Forty-fourth 
on the first day, at Sliiloh, was never fully ajjpre- 
ciated. The firmness of General Hulbert's division 
saved the day. General Lauman's brigade, of that 
division, hekl all the positions assigned it during the 
day, and did not retire until ordered, and the Forty- 
fourth was the last regiment to retire on the left of the 
army; and the Colonel saw no pressing necessity to 
retire then, ■ except the want of ammunition and sup- 
■port. 

General Lauman, an Iowa man, in his report says : 
" Wiion I coine to speak of the gallantry and brav- 
ery of the ollieer.s and men of my eomniand, 1 find 
great ciilliculty in linding language strong enough to 
express iiiy feelings on the subjeet, and can only say 
that they fought from morning until night like veter- 
ans. Well may Indiana and Kentueky be proud of 
them. They have added another briglit page to their 
martial -history ; and when all behaved so well, I tind 
great dinieulty in giving to each one the partieular 
notice they so well earned. * * To Colonel Hugh B. 
Reed, of the 44th Indiana, I am under many obliga- 
tions, not only for his gallantry, but also for the valuable 
assistance he rendered me after my personal statf was 
disabled, in conveying orders to the ditlerent parts of 
the command." 

General Hulbert, in his report, says of General Lau- 
man : 

" I saw him hold the right of my line on Sunday 
with the snjall body of gallant men, only 1,717 strong, 
for three hours, and then clumge over to the left, rciiel 
the attack of twice his force for a full hour of terrible 
fighting, closing by the most gallant and successful 



ki 



52 SHILOH. 

clmvj^e, wliicli gave him time to druw off his foreos in 
order and coiiii)arative safety. His rei)ort renders lull 
justice to his otlieers, among wliom (Colonel Heed, ol tlie 
44tli Indiana, was esi)eeially distinguisiud." 

The Colonel's conduct on tlie field richly merited 
these compliments, and much more. In consideration (jI 
his gallantry, President Lincoln sent in his name to the 
Senate for a Brigadier's commission, but it was accom- 
panied by so many others that the Senate failed to act 
upon all, his name among others. It would hardly be 
possible for a mortal to act more bravely in battle 
than he ilid. He was in the thickest of the fight on 
both days, had two horses killed under liini, and had 
his clothing pierced with bullets in several i)laLes, but 
wonderfully escaped serious injury. 

One of the immediate chroniclers of the war, a cor- 
respondent of the Philadelphia Press, after the battle, 
wrote that it was universally admitted that the Forty- 
fourth was tJie regiment at Pittsburgh Landing. Once 
when it made one of the brilliant stands against over- 
whelming odds, on Sunday, while companions fell back 
on either hand, a captain of one of the retirirjg com- 
panies of Wisconsin soldiers, said the Forty-fourth 
" fought like iron men — they woukln't run." Perhaps 
that was the origin of the phrase, or it may have been 
a general thought — but however it came, it stuck, and 
for a long time the Regiment was known as the " Iron 
Forty-fourth." 

"Early on Sunday morning," the writer continues, 
" Colonel Reed gave his men an order to ' fall and 
fire.' Simultaneously the enemy fired, and killed and 



SHILOH. 53 

wounded some of the Indianians. The result of the 
fire from our side was of the most disastrous nature. 
The bushes were discovered to be in a blaze, and the 
groans of the rebel wounded were distressing, as the 
^ fact became apparent that they were perishing by fire. 
It is estimated that the last fire from our men, which 
consumed the bushes, killed twenty men, and seriously 
wounded a hundred, who were burned to death. One 
hundred and twenty of the rebels were buried in one 
grave in the vicinity. The bodies of nearly all of them 
were burned to a crisp. Another glorious stand was 
made by the same regimeiit, in an open field, against a 
brigade and a battery of the enemy. They killed nearly 
all the horses of the battery, and being joined by two 
more regiments, forced the enemy to retreat. At two 
o'clock the regiment was fighting a largely superior 
force. General Hulbert, who had been closely watch- 
ing the movements and efforts of the men, said to 
General Lauman : ' General, you will have to retire — 
you cannot hold your position.' Says General Lau- 
man : ' Did you ever see men fight so calmly and witii 
so much effect before ? ' The answer was ' No.' 'Do 
you order me to retire ? ' 'No, you can do as you 
please; but you certainly cannot hold your position.' 
Then said General Lauman: ' I shall fight.' And he 
did fight, and maintained his position until after four 
o'clock, and till the last cartridge was fired." These 
points, gathered up by the correspondent at the time, 
were no exaggerations. 

When the brigade to which the Forty-fourth was 
attached was transferred from General Hulbert's divi- 
sion, he addressed Colonel Reed the following note : 



54 SHiLon. 

" Headquautkhs -iTii Division, Ajnil l.s, 1H02. 
Coloiiil lifcd : 

Colonel, — I cannot part with my late 8il Brij^ade 

without some expression of f!:o()(l feeling. T liave had 

none but the most pleasant intercourse with theollicers, 

and nothing- but the most ready obedience from the 

men. Your gallantry and good conduct I have ofllicially 

noticed, and I give up the Brigade witli unniinglcd 

regret, but with the full assurance that you will keep 

your well won reputation. I do not think you can add 

to it. 

Very truly, 

S. A. HULBERT, 

Brig. General coniin<.i'jj Itli Division." 

The two medical officers of the Regiment, and tlie 
musicians, served both days on the field, dressing 
the wounded and sending them at once to the 
boats at tiie Landing, whence they were transported 
down the river to Savannah, Paducah, and otlier 
points where general hospitals were located. There 
were several remarkable recoveries. Lieutenant Jacob 
Newman, mentioned in Colonel Reed's report as mor- 
tally wounded, was shot in the abdomen, in front, tiie 
ball lodging beneath the skin on the back, from where 
it was removed by Surgeon Martin, on the field. He 
was not expected to live to reach the Landing, but lie 
is living to-day, though still a sufferer from the wound. 
John Nelson, Co. H, was shot through the right lung, 
and reported dead by his company officers at the time, 
but recovered, j-eturned to the Regiment, served out his 
time, and then re-enlisted as'^a veteran. William Under- 
wood, Co. D, was struck in the head with a minie-ball, 
which penetrated the skull, and he was left dead, as was 



i 



SHILOH. 55 

supposed, oil the field. He was afterwards found alive, 
and unknown to his company, had been carried to a 
hospital boat. He finally recovered, though a vacai.t 
space in his forehead, like that in an infant's skull, was 
left. This soldier afterwards re-enlisted in the 129th 
Indiana, and died of a slight flesh wound received in 
the Atlanta campaign. 

The sick in camp at the opening of the battle were 
all hastily carried to the Landing by the nurses, as soon 
as they saw the Union lines were being pressed. Tlie 
rebels had possession of the cam)) that niglit, but we 
enjoyed all the comfort it could afford the next night. 

The number of rounds fired by the different soldiers' 
of the Regiment in this battle could not, of course, be 
accurately numbered; but VVilliam D. Groves, Co. H, 
a cool and intrepid soldier, and a man of good reputa- 
tion, claimed that he fired 200 rounds, 30 of which 
were with deliberate aim. His count for the second 
day was 77. 

The effect of the bravery of the soldiers had quite 
an inspiring influence on the Assistant Surgeon, judging 
by a letter to his wife, written a icvj days after the 
battle. He said : 

" I luve tlie Forty-fourth (the fighting ones), and 
intend to follow them to the hitter end, if necessary'. 
They riehly merit the attention of surgeons, and .shall 
have it as hmg as I can walk. I am sick, sick, of those 
puny, long-faced, sniveling, unfortunate mortals uho 
are ever sick when there is a tight on haiid. Fortun- 
ately we Ijave had precious few of these. The more I 
study and learn what the Forty-fourth Ilegiment really 
did in this great battle, the more do I admire the gal- 



I 



•'^6 SIITLOH. 

li'iitry !uul bnivc'iy of the nu'U. At one tinu; tliey 
charKed tlio eiiumy alone, and were the hist troops to 
leave the liehl on the left winy, on Kuiiday. They 
inarched off in -ood order, all alone, and far in the rear 
of the otlu'r forees, the enemy followin- closely behind 
in overwhelming' nnmhers." 

He did serve the Regiment until the day of its 
niuslcr out ; and he is glad to-day, nearly eighteen years 
alter, to make the record in this volume, that from that 
«-lay on he never sa v anything to change his profound 
regani tor tiie valor and faithfulness of its men. 

'I'he following is the report of killed and wounded, 
made after the battle : 

I'IKJ.l) AND STAFF. 

Colonel II. B. Reed, wounded in chest, sli<,dit. 
I.ieutenant-Colonel S. J. >Stouglitou, wounded in le<>- 
•slight. ^' 

Acting Major A. Heath, wounded in leg, slight. 
Assistant Surgeon J. H. Rerick, wounded in chest 
slight. 

COMPANY A. 

A7/^Gd.— Joseph Ja(!kman, I.eander Hall. 

Wonndrd.—lAvuw^wMA N. A. Sowers, foot, severely; 
Lieutenant 15. Smith, breast, .severe; John ITJam' 
slightly; N. 1>. Lewis, hand; Jas. H. Merriman, hip' 
severe.; Wm. Carlin, head, sli-ht; John Ryan, Jr.,' 
h-; William Rosser, arm, seriously; Hannibal Scovil' 
thigh, severely : Henry A. L«.rds, lace; Henry T>viteh- 
fll.leg; Wm. Yenner, arm, died; John R. llutehins 
face, slight; Wm. IMcMuire, chin; Joshua West, licad' 
slight; Henry Jieard, face, sligiit; Allen M. Sailor' 
head, slight, ' 

COMPAvNY ]J. 

A7//t'r^-Captain John IMurray, Sergeant Willian. 
Mc.Neal, Alva Daiiner, John Easlon. Ralph CJoodrieh. 



SHILOH. 



57 



' 



WoKn<lcd.~E.d. N. ^Vhitm•y, nrju, severe; M. D. 
Campbell, chest, severe; Jknj. Caiiiphell, lej--, severe; 
Jiime-s Citiruett, luind ; Eiisil Hunter, thigh, dangoruus ; 
Silas ]\[. Seott, anu ; Tliuiiias J. Powers, leg; Cliiitou' 
Sc'oby, arm, sligiit ; Albert II. Westfall, arm, severe- 
Newton Westfall, hand. 

COMPANY C. 

A-iV/cYZ.— William Woodlord, Peter Stall, Robert 
Stewart. 

iro^ncZet^.-^Lieutenant Grund, leg; John Keefer, 
foot; (Jeorge Mayers, arm; John Elzey, arm; Josepli' 
Nicodemiis, face; Marion MeCiinnis, face; Owen Shaw, 
face ; Milton Sites, liead ; Samuel JJ. «weet, leg; Mich- 
ael Harrison, shoulder ; A. P. Waterhouse, arm ; Amos 
FreJich, arm ; James M. Flutter, Wm. P. Henderson, 
shoulder. 

COMPANY D. 

Killed.— Mmkii D. Shaler, William PI. Ca.'^ebeer, 
Jacob II. INlcClellan, Jolin Poppy, Piatt J. Squires,' 
Wm. Underwood. 

Wounded.— Ci\\){i\m Co.sgrove, arm, severe; Sergeant 
Geo. W. Shell, Sanlord Worden, loot; Randall Sim- 
mons, ankle; William N, Johnson, arm ; Amos T. Brit- 
ton, arm ; Alfred Daugherty, John Farmer, hip; Sam- 
uel Hart/.ell, shoulder; Sylvester IMinier, leg; Joseph 
V. Reed, arm ; Robert I). Riiea, arm ; Joseph Shooli, 
arm; Stephen P. Waybill, shoulder; Alfred Wilson,' 
severely; Fzra Worden, breast; Samuel Stroman, arm. 

COMl'ANY B. 



■Acting Captain George AVeamcr, Warren 



Killed. 
Banta. 

Wounded.— iiixmwal W. Hovens, hip; Henry Rup- 
ley, arm ; O. P. Kountz^ neck ; Miciiael Sickafoose, 
elbow; John T. Howard, thigh; Henry Brenneman, 
ann ; Joseph Anderson, leg; Elam Robbins, arm; Adam 
Borsh, thigh ; Francis A. Grable, arm ; George Hollo- 



\*. 






4 



58 siirLoii. 

way,, shoulder; Ezra lUischnell, liaml ; Jaeoh TJrande- 
biirg, kiU'c; J(jhii j\[. Collins, Iiuiid ; Joseph W. (.'oiup- 
tou, hand; .Simon ObtM-hatzer, hip; Thoodoro F. Nave, 
groin. 

Henry llujjlev, Joseph Anderao)i, Miehael Si(;kafoose 
and Henry INI. Englu were discharged because of their 
wounds. 

COJIPANV V. 

Killed.— V\'\\\\an\ Collier, William Bender. 

Wowi(lr(L—'L\euii)i\ii\\i Thomas C. Kinmont, thigh, 
severely; Alexander Kinmont, hand; I. N. Thomas, 
knee; J. INI. Milliman, arm; Geo. W. Cosper, lace; 
Isaac Firestone, lace ; Peter Countryman, linger oil"; 
Ilobert 11. Dirrhn, arm ; Isaac Detmer, abdomen ; Hiram 
Ciolf, knee, died; Henry C. Pryer, lace; Alfred J{t)se, 
thigh ; Thos. O. RIoan, arm ; Nathan Htockwell, shoul- 
der ; John H. Webster, arm ; Hiram B. Williams, arm ; 
George W. Wallace, chest. 

COMPANY (}. 

A7/fcd.— Jacob INfohn, Andrew P. Botzell. 

Wounded. — Chauncey Wright, thigh ; John Goll", 
thigh ; .Samuel Wertsbaugher, thigh ; ISIartin INIinard, 
elbow; Paul Bean, arm ; William IVIcKee, arm ; Henry 
O'Cxraily, arm ; .Sergeant O. Z. Uawson, leg ; James C. 
Riddle, shoulder ; Edwin W. Matthews, shoulder ; John 
Y. Johnson, arm; Henry Eley, foot, died; ]\Iilton Ed- 
sall, breast ; John ISIinkey, breast; Henry Aumsbaugh, 
leg; George Adams, arm. 

COMPANY !l. 

Killed. — John V. Curtis, Augustu.s A. S. Galloway, 
Jerome Wright, Orwin Page. 

Wuundrd. — Ijieutenaiit Jacob Newman, bowels; Wil- 
liam Crow, wrist and sitie ; John B. llowe, knee; (ieo. 
Gregory, back ; Daniel P. Strecker, fo(jt ; Victor Ket- 
cham, foot ; George Bay, thigh ; David Randall, arm ; 



SHILOH. 59 

Joljii Biirridge, leg ; Daniel Spearow, leg ; George Beu- 
huui, tliigli. 

COMPANY I. 

Killed.— ¥i-i\n\^ Laniinors, John Declute. 
Wounded.— T^\\\n\<i Baldwin, head; Nelson Mans- 
field, neck, mortally; Alexander Devor, arm; Jacob 
Cordie, hand ; Daniel Brooks, neck ; Peter Harney, 
shoulder; Wentworth Irwin, shoulder ; Frederick John- 
I son, George xMayhee, thigh ; Irvin Ilobinson, arm ; John 

Tavener, hand ; Joseph Benedict, leg. 

COMPANY K. 

TFou«f7erf.— Captain S. C. Aldrich, slight; Sergeant 
Moses B. Willis, hand; John G. Long, hand; Oscar 
Knai)p, side; Thomas O. Leslie, lower jaw; George 
Sanderson, shoulder, died ; Andrew Hoilopeter, arm ; 
Elias Baylor, head ; Benjamin F. Cornell, hand ; Jacob 
Caseheer, hand ; Nicholas Endsley, abdomen, slight ; J. 
F. Housel, thigh; John H. C. Hoftman, arm; Henry 
H. Hawley, neck; Jacob Link, leg; Lemuel llichey, 
foot; Charles M. Thomas, breast; Joseph Thompson, 
arm; Norman C. Shank, arm; Samuel Fair, arm; 
Hiranj M. Fanning, shoulder; Robert Hall, hand; 
Josei)h P. Sisson, shoulder; Madison llodgers, shoul- 
der; James JO. Pence, knee. 

The preceding is the official report of killed and 
wounded, as made to the Surgeon of the Regiment 
immediately after the battle, by the company officers. 
Several then reported killed were found afterward not 
to have been killed. In the company records will be 
found the killed as they appear in the Adjutant Gen- 
eral's report. Joseph Jackman, M. J. Gulp, Wm. H. 
Underwood, though reported killed, were severely 
wounded only, and recovered, and were discharged ; 
whilst Henry Brenneman, Go. F, and Henry Ely, Go. 



^ 






» 



/• 



CO SHILOH. 

G, not reported killed, died a few days after the battle, 
of their wounds. 

Indiana soldiers, at this time, came to appreciate the 
care and devotion of Governor Morton as they never 
had before. As speedily as the boats could carry then) 
he had extra physicians on the field, to help care for 
the sick and wounded ; and by obtaining a special per- 
mit from the Secretary of War, hundreds of Indiana 
soldiers gained an opportunity to return home to recover 
from wounds and disease, who otherwise could not have 
had the privilege. Dr. George W. Carr, of Ligoiiier, 
and Dr. B. C. Rowan, of Fort Wayne, were sent by 
him to the Forty-fourth, to assist in the care of the si( k 
and wounded. The latter remained a few days. Dr. 
Carr was detained until authority was given to appoint 
two assistant surgeons for each regiment, when he was 
regularly commissioned Second Assistant Surgeon of 
the Forty-fourth, and served it faithfully and efficiently 
until promoted Surgeon of the 129th Indiana. 

The conduct and merits of tiie battle were almost 
the exclusive topics of discussion for weeks. While 
resting u}), officers and men of different commands 
visited each other, and compared their views and 
experiences. In the Forty-fourth there was but one 
opinion, apparently, and that was, that the troops in 
the front were surjjrised on the morning of the 6th, and 
that the surprise was the result of gross carelessness and 
an insufficient system of picketing. This view was con- 
firmed by the new duties imposed upon the Regiment. 
Before the battle there had been no details for i)icket 
duty, but now they came frequently, and occasionally 



I 



SHILOII. g2 

the whole command was required to go out for that 
purpose. While out with the Regiment on picket duty, 
one day, we visited a rebel hospital within our lines, 
and conversed with a Captain of the nth Mississippi' 
who claimed that his regiment lost 298 men out of 400.' 
In answer to the inquiry, ''At what distance from our 
camp did you strike our pickets?" he answered, about 
150 yards. He said they were greatly surprised at the 
easy and unmolested approach they made upon the 
Union lines. 

Those who witnessed the bravery of the Union sol- 
diers on the first day at Shiloh, will ever remain confi- 
dent that they could have whipped General Beauregard 
then and there had the front lines been protected as 
they were afterward, when in face of an enemy. These 
feelings on the part of tlie troops made the assumption 
of personal command by General Halleck quite agree- 
able. The enthusiasm for Grant subsided for a while, 
but only to be revived again, after Halleck had a brief 
day of favor, which closed with the siege of Corinth. 



• ♦ 






t' 



62 CORINTH TO BATTLE CREEK. 



CHAPTER VII. 

TO CORINTH AND BATTLE C K E E K. 

General Halleck arrived at Pittsburgh Landing i 
April iitii, and at once commenced reorganizing the ! 
army, and adding to its numbers, preparatory to a 
movement upon Corinth, twenty miles distant. The j 
army was divided into five grand parts; tlie right, cen- j 
ter, and left wings, the reserves, and the cavalry, j 
General Thomas was assigned to the command of the ; 
right wing; General Buell, the center; General Pope, , 
the left ; General McClernand to the reserve, and Gen- I 
eral A. J. Smith to the cavalry. General Grant was 
assigned a nominal position as second in command. 
Each of the wings was composed of four divisions. To 
General Buell was assigned the divisions of Generals 
McCook, Nelson, Crittenden, and Wood. The Forty- i 
fourth was assigned to General Crittenden's division, 
and to the brigade commanded by General Vancleve. 

On the 29th of April the order came to strike 
tents, and the great movement on Corinth commenced. 
For the next thirty days, we thought we were being 
handled with great care and skill, thougli towards the ^ 
last it became apparent,^ with excessive caution. We 
were marched out the first day one mile and a quarter, 
the next day one mile and a half, and thus we moved 



i 



COlilNTH TO BATTLE CREEK. G'3 

every few days, to the right, or left, or forward, occa- 
sionally skirmishing with the enemy, until we reached 
Farmington, near Corinth. Here we halted long enough 
to form camp, but with continuous picket firing along 
the line in our immediate front, which broke out occa- 
sionally into sharp skirmishes. Early on the morning 
of the 30th of May, the brigade was called out, as 
though for battle, when terrific sounds, as of explosions, 
were heard in the direction of Corinth. The division 
advanced, and without opposition marched directly into 
Corinth, finding it evacuated, and a large amount of 
army stores on fire. The thundering sounds heard be- 
fore starting were the explosions of a large pile of shells 
the enemy had fired, being unable to get them away. 
Thus ended the siege of Corinth. The Forty- fourth 
lost no men in the movement, except such as died of 
disease on the march. These were : 

Jacob Coldren, Co. H, May 8th ; James A. Dir- 
rim, Co. F, May 21st; Elijah Locke, Co. K. June — ; 
Henry Crafts, Co. H, June 9th, and John T. John- 
son, Co. — , June nth, — the two latter at the general 
field hospital. 

General Crittenden's division pursued the enemy 
south as far as Booneville, Mississippi, some twenty 
miles, when further pursuit was abandoned, and the 
great combination of armies under General Halleck 
was broken up. The army of the Ohio, with General 
Buell in command, was ordered to face to the east, and 
move on Chattanooga, two lumdred miles distant, while 
the army of tlie Tennessee, uniler General (Jrant, was 
to operate wcbt of Corinth. 



J' 



64 CORINTH TO BATTLE CREEK. 

(General Crittenden's division started eastward from 
Booneville, June 41I1. When the Regiment reached 
Inka, tlie writer, who had fallen sick, was left, and 
John R. Grubl), musician, also in ill health, was detailed 
to care for him. A furlough was sent in a few days, 
and they managed to get to the river, and thence home. 
I am therefore without personal knowledge of the march 
from this point to Florence, Tuscumbia, Athens, Ilunts- 
ville, Stevenson, and finally to Battle Creek, Tennessee, 
which the command reached about the middle of July. 
The march was much complained of by the sokiiers on 
account of the lack of full rations, and of insuftkient 
clothing. The last part of the journey was i^erformed 
by many barefooted. There was no action with the 
enemy on the march. Two soldiers who fell sick on the 
route and were left at general hospital at Huntsville, 
Alabama, died, viz. : John Monkey, Co. G, July 5th, 
and Joseph Eckles, Co. 1), July 12th. 

The writer reached the command again, July 26th, 
and found it very pleasantly encamped about five miles 
above Bridgeport, in a narrow valley, with the Tennes- 
see River in front, the Cumberland range in the rear, 
and Battle Creek on the left. Generals Crittenden's 
and McCook's divisions were scattered along the line 
from Stevenson, Alabama, to this point. We were now 
at the extreme front, with the enemy's pickets in full 
view across the river. Chattanooga, about thirty miles 
distant, was the objective point of General Buell, but 
he now found his forces scattered all along the railroad 
lines in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee, try- 
ing to keep communication open to Bridgeport, and yet 



! 



CORINTH TO BATTLE CREEK. 65 

was unable to keep these two divisions in full rations or 
forage. 

Soon after reaching Battle Creek, the Colonel and 
Lieutenant Colonel each being absent, the command of 
the Regiment devolved upon Major Bingham. August 
i8th, 1S62, was grand muster day, under the noted 
Order No. 14, according to which the muster rolls were 
to be revised, and all found absent without leave were 
to be stricken off. The order was the occasion of much 
trouble, and in many instances of great injustice. Many 
who had no thought of deserting, nor in the least prov- 
ing recreant to their duty, were unavoidably detained 
away loi^ger than their leaves allowed. It was only 
through the decision of a court martial that any could 
be restored to their i)ositions in the army. And the 
subsequent movements of the army prevented the con- 
vening of these courts for several months. Several 
officers and a number of men of the Regiment had 
trouble under the order. At this muster there were 
437 men and 26 commissioned officers present, and 200 
men and four officers absent. The loss by death, dis- 
charge and desertion up to this date was 272. Tiie 
deaths had been 80. The killed and wounded num- 
bered 250. 

It was now apparent that another movement was 
approaching. The sick were all ordered back to Steven- 
son, and the command put in readiness for motion. 
What the movement would be was a matter of much 
speculation in regimental quarters, but without knowl- 
edge. Subsequent history reveals the fact that General 
Buell and General Thomas differed as to the intent of 



I 



tJG CORIXTII TO BATTLE CREEK. 

the rebel General Bragg, then at Chattanooga, Buell 
thought it was his intention to strike for Nashville, 
whilst Thomas believed that his objective point was 
Kentucky and Louisville. Thomas was right, but the 
movements of the army of the Ohio were conducted 
for some thirty days upon Buell's theory. 

Before we depart, let us count the little mounds that 
cover the remains of the heroes who have departed this 
life in camp here. They were : 

Sergeant Charles Beverly, Co. F, July 20, 

Juincs Murray, Co. B, July 23. 

Simon C. Cutter, Co. K, July 30, 

Charles DankH, Co. F, August 1, 

Williaui Slade, Co, I, died August 14, between 
Bridgeport and Stevenson, on the way to general hos- 
pital, 

(iuarterniaster William Bayliss died at Fort Wayne, 
August — , 1802, 



THE GREAT FOOT liACE. G7 



CHAPTER VIII. 

THE GREAT FOOT RACE. 

As soon as darkness had enshrouded the valley, on 
the evening of August 20th, 1S62, Generals McCook's 
and Crittenden's divisions, in light marching order, 
with ten days' rations in haversack, silently broke camp, 
marched up the valley, crossed liattle Creek, and march- 
ing until midnigiit, bivouacked at Jasper. The next 
day they moved some four miles up the Sequachia val- 
ley, and the day after, back again to within two miles 
of the old camp. 

August 23, marched westward about two miles, and 
bivouacked in Gizzard Cove. 

August 24, moved slowly westward five miles, to foot 
of Cumberland mountains. General McCook's division 
in the advance, moved up the mountain. 

August 25, moved up the mountain, on a very rough 
road. Were nearly all day making two miles to the 
summit, then marched seven miles on the mountain and 
went into bivouac at mitlniglM. 

August 26, marched five miles, crossed the Tracy 
City railroad, and descended the mountain on the north 
side, and camped near a large spring flowing from the 
mountain side. 

August 27, no movement; men rest and wash up. 



08 THE GREAT FOOT RACE. 

August 28, aroused at i]4. a. m. to march, but after 
getting ready the order was countermanded, and (Icn- 
eral Crittenden's division remained in camp all da)'. 

August 29, marched northward through Pelluun and 
camped on Hillsborough road, seven miles. 

August 30, marched to Hillsborough. 

August 31, marched to Manchester. 

September i, marched at 4 a. m., on Murfreesboro 
road, twelve miles. Began now to understand that we 
were fidling back, and really on a foot race with Bragg's 
army, which was moving nearly on a parallel, though 
shorter line, for Kentucky. 

September 2, marched fourteen miles, and camped 
within three miles of Murfreesboro. 

September 3, marched to Murfreesboro, and thence 
out on Lebanon pike eight miles. 

September 4 and 5, in bivouac. 

September 6, marched to and through Lavergne, and 
camped six miles south of Nashville. 

September 7, marched to and through Nashville, and 
went into bivouac six miles north of the city. 

September 8, marched four miles. 

September 9, marched twelve miles. 

September 10, marched fourteen miles, and camped 
near Mitchellville. 

September 11, marched at 4 o'clock a. m., crossed 
the State line into Kentucky, and camped at noon near 
Tyne Springs, making fourteen miles. 

September 12, a large detail sent back to Mitchell- 
ville to protect the trains. 



THE GliEAT FOOT RACE. GO 

September 13, marched to within three and a half 
miles of Bowling Green. 

September 14 and 15, in bivouac. 

September 16, marched through Bowling Green and 
went into camp one mile north of the town. 

September 17, marched eighteen miles. 

September 18, marched to Cave City, and a itw 
miles out towards Munfordsville. 

September 19, skirmishing with the enemy. Troops 
posted as if for battle. Some 4,200 Union troops, sur- 
rendered to Bragg at Munfordsville, a few days before, 
came into General Buell's lines on parole. 

September 20, held in readiness for action all day. 
The soldiers were very anxious for a contest with the 
enemy here, believing from what they could learn that 
the enemy could be severely punished, if not com- 
pletely routed. A General probably never had an 
army so anxious to grapple with the enemy as General 
Buell this day. His failure to show any energetic dis- 
position to engage his foe here, lost him the confidence 
of the rank and file of his army. 

September 21, marched at 4 o'clock a. m. to and 
through Munfordsville, General Bragg having marched 
out. 

September 22, marched twelve miles. 

September 23, marched thirty miles, through Eliza- 
bethtown. 

September 24, marched to West Point, on the Ohio 
^ River, and thence out toward Louisville three miles, 
making fifteen miles. 



! 



V 
V 



70 THE GliKAr FOOT RACE. 

September 25, marched to Louisville, some fifteen 
miles. 

We beat Bragg to Louisville. The race was a three 
hundred mile heat, and was walked in light marching 
order, without shelter at night, and most of the time on 
half rations. The men went into bivouac at Louisville, 
foot-sore, ragged and weary, though really in better 
health than when they left camp at Battle Creek. But 
they felt that their loyalty to the commanding General 
had been very severely tested, and, with a few, their 
loyalty to the Government. The whole retrograde 
movement, it seemed to them, could have been avoided j 
and that engagements with the enemy which would have 
cut the movement short had been purposely avoided by 
General Buell, was the firm belief of thousands of men 
in the army of the Ohio, and throughout the country. 



THE PEHRYVILLE CAMPAIGN. 



71 



CHAPTER IX. 



THE PEUUYVILLE CAMPAIGN. 



A FEW days' rest only was given at Louisville, but 
in these few days General Buell's army was reorganized, 
partially re-clothed, and a large number of new regi- 
ments added. General Crittenden was now assigned to 
the command of one of the three corps newly formed, 
and General Vancleve to the command of a division. 
The second brigade, under the latter, consisted of the 
nth Kentucky, 13th Ohio, 44th Indiana, and 86th 
Indiana, a new regiment; Colonel Hawkins, of the i ith 
Kentucky, in command. 

General Bragg was reported at Bardstown, some 
twenty-five miles southeast, and on October ist, Buell's 
army moved again to meet him, but hardly a soldier in 
the ranks believed a hostile meeting at all probable. 
On the second day out, the Regiment was greeted with 
the presence of a paymaster, for the fust time since 
June. That night two Lieutenants and some ten men 
deserted. Their dishonored names can be found in the 
report of the Adjutant General of the Stale. AVe omit 
them here. 

Vancleve's division reb.ched the vicinity of Bards- 
town on the 4th. There was more or less skirmishing 
at the front every day, but only with the rear-guard of 



72 THE PERRYVILLE CAMPAIGN. 

the enemy, who had fallen back to Springfield, and then 
to Perryville. General Crittenden reached the vicinity 
of Perryville about noon, October 8tli, and formed liis 
corps in line of battle on tlie right. The roar of battle 
was distinctly heard to the left, and riderless horses 
rushed through the lines of the Forty-fourth ; but there 
were no orders to advance until the 9th, when the corps 
moved in fine line of battle, through wood and field, 
on Perryville. The Surgeons of the Regiment, getting 
weary of the slow pace, and the whole farce, rode ahead 
into Perryville, which had been abandoned by the ene- 
my the night before, and was then occupied by troops 
from the left. To the men in line it seemed a crane 
tliat General Crittenden was not ordered forward on 
the 8th. Such a movement would have resulted in a 
most crushing defeat of Ikagg's army, if not in its j 
capture. i 

General Crittenden's corps manoeuvred around in ^ 
the triangle between Perryville, Harrodsburg and Dan- j 
ville, a portion of the time in line of battle, until the 
i3tli, when pursuit of Bragg was commenced, and we 
were marched to Danville, Stanford, Crab Orchard, 
Mt. Vernon, and thence into a mountainous section to 
Wild Cat, where we lay in bivouac from the 20th until 
the 23d, when we were marched l)ack to Mt. Vernon, 
and thence southward to Somerset, where we arrived 
on the 25th, in the midst of a snow-storm. Snow fell 
that night to the depth of some four or five inches. 
The command was wholly without shelter, and the 
men had only a blanket apiece. Large fires were built, 
and taunting jibes, and the current army slang, " Here's 



THE PERRYVILLE CAMP A ION. 73 

your mule," resounded from the camp fires all night 
long. After a halt of a day or two here, we marched 
on, moving through the Mill Spring battle-field to the 
vicinity of Glasgow, which was reached October 3d. 
Here the command was gladdened with the news that 
General Buell had been relieved and General Rosen- 
crans placed in command of the army of the Ohio, 
which name he soon had changed to that of the army 
of the Cumberland. 

As the Regiment went into bivouac one evening 
while on the march from Somerset, the attention of the 
medical officers was called to Paul Bean, Co. G, who 
was found lying prostrate on the ground, but presenting 
no indications whatever of any disease. To all appear- 
ance he was utterly exhausted, and this alone. Stimu- 
lants and tonics were administered, but being still unable 
to be carried the next morning, he was left in the care 
of a friendly family, where he died a day or two after. 
He fell a martyr to his abhorrence of the shirk, and of 
that class who for every trivial ailment sought medical 
aid, excuse from duty, or a ride in the ambulances or 
wagons. He would ask no favors, and literally fell in 
the ranks before his disability was known by the com- 
pany officers. 



I 



74 NASHVILLE. 



CHAPTER X. ■ 

NASHVILLE. 

The Army of the Cumberland was now faced toward 
Nashville, and General Crittenden, with two of his 
divisions — Vancleve's and Wood's — started on the 5tli, 
marched through Scottville, reaching Gallatin, Teniu-s- 
see, where they drove the rebel cavalry, on the cjlh, 
making a distance of sixty-three miles in four days. 
The next day the command marched out on tiie Leba- 
non road, to the crossing of the Nashville and Lebanon 
pike, when it turned eastward toward Nashville three 
miles, and went into camp six miles from General Jack- 
son's Hermitage. Here the great marches of 1862 
ended. The Regiment had marched, since leaving 
Louisville, about three hundred and sixty miles, in foity 
days, and with only six days' rest by tlie way. Since 
leaving Battle Creek, August 20, the distance traveled 
was nearly seven hundred miles. All this time the men 
were without shelter of any kind, carried but one 
blanket ajiicce, and were nearly all the time on half 
rations, and very poorly shod. 

There was a rest here until the 15th, when Colonel 
Hawkins's brigade was oi^lered to move south about 
eight miles, to Rural Hill. The enemy was reported in 
the vicinity, but the camp was not disturbed until early 



NASHVILLE. 70 

dawn on the i8th, when a dash was made ujjon the 
camp. But the men were quickly in line, and the rebels 
withdrew, leavinjr six dead on the field. No losses 
resulted in the Regiment, and we believe there were 
none in the brigade. The next day the brigade moved 
back to the Lebanon pike, and went into camp on Mill 
Creek, near the Hermitage. On the 30th of November 
the division was moved up to Nashville, and across on to 
the Nashville and Murfreesboro pike, and went into 
camp near the Tennessee Insane Asylum. Here the 
Regiment prepared for winter quarters. 

Important changes occurred in the Regiment on the 
first of December. Colonel Reed's resignation, ten- 
dered a {(iw days previous, was accepted. The Regi- 
ment was called into line, just before his departure ; the 
fl-ig carried up to this time, and which had been pre- 
sented the command on the day it set out for the field, 
by Mayor Randall, on behalf of the ladies of Fort 
Wayne, was planted in front. Sadly torn and tattered 
by shot and shell at Donelson and Shiloh, it attested 
the fidelity of the Colonel and his brave men in main- 
taining the pledge given when it was first presented, 
" to honor, sustain, and defend it unto death." At 
Shiloh, when all its brave bearers were stricken down, 
he gathered it up with his own hands and carried it 
unfurled and unsullied from the field. The old flag was 
held as a jirecious emblem by the men, but as he who 
had led them in its honor and defense was now about 
to depart, to be associated again with its donors, the 
Regiment thought it appropriate, as a token of their 
appreciation of his gallant services, to present him the 



i, 



7G NASH VILLE. 

flag. A more significant and touching testimonial 
could hardly be given a brave man. Tiie Colonel, 
deeply moved, res])onded in a few remarks, highly 
complimenting the men and officers for their bravery 
and fidelity. He then presented the Regiment a new 
flag, purchased at his own expense, trusting it would 
be honored as the old one had been. And it was. 
The old flag is yet sacredly preserved by the Colonel, 
at his home in New Jersey. The Colonel also carried 
with him testimonials of regard from all the officers 
of the brigade. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Stoughton, who had been pro- 
moted to Colonel of the looth Indiana Infiintry, and 
Chaplain Beeks, resigned, also departed about the same 
time. 

After these officers left, the commissioned com- 
pany officers met and held an informal election for 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Major, choosing Captain AVill- 
iam C. Williams, Co. G, Lieutenant-Colonel, and Cap- 
tain Charles F. Kinney. Co. A, Major. The companies 
also met and made recommendations for all official 
vacancies in their respective companies. Captain Kin- 
ney being the senior captain of the Regiment, and 
feeling aggrieved at the choice that had been made, ten- 
dered his resignation, and obtaining leave of absence, 
departed for home. 

On the 2d, General Rosecrans reviewed his army, 
making a very favorable impression on the minds of the 
men. As he passed along "the line of the Forty-fourth, 
he made some quite flattering comments upon the 
healthy and hearty appearance of the men. Noticing 



NASHVILLE. 77 

a man not completely equipped, he chided him pleas- 
antly^, remarking, " that when men are soldiers they 
must act as soldiers, and when they keep grocery, tend 
the grocery," 

While in camp here, forage for the army was mainly 
obtained by foraging expeditions, and the Regiment 
was out on several occasions, some of which were 
attended with skirmishes with the enemy. On the nth 
the brigade camp was moved back two miles, to within 
five miles of Nashville. 

Commissions were received on the 13th, making 
Captain Williams, Co. G, Colonel; Captain S. C. 
Aldrich, Co. K, Lieutenant-Colonel, and Captain Kin- 
ney, Co. A, Major. The latter declined to muster, and 
his resignation was accepted. The brigade was also 
reorganized on the 15th, and was made to include, 
besides the Forty-fourth, Colonel W. C. Williams, the 
86th Indiana, Colonel A. S. Hamilton ; 13th Ohio, 
Colonel J. G. Hawkins ; 59th Ohio, Colonel J. P. Fyffe; 
7th Indiana Battery, Captain G. R. Swallow. Colonel 
Fyffe was assigned to the command of the brigade. 

The sick were now ordered to Nashville, and the 
command held in readiness for momentary orders to 
move on Murfreesboro. 



< 



78 S'WNE RIVER, 



CHAPTER XL 

STONE RIVER. 

General Crittenden moved his corps, consisting 
of Wood's, Palmer's, and Vancleve's divisions, on the 
26th, advancing on the Murfreesboro pike, Pahner's 
division in the advance. There was considerable skir- 
mishing during the day, and General Vancleve went 
into bivouac in tlie vicinity of Lavergne that evening, 
with the enemy apparently in force in the town. The 
next morning there was a sharp skirmish in the village, 
during which it was almost wholly consumed by fire. 
General Vancleve moved through the place and then 
filed off to the left, some three miles, and bivouacked 
on Stuart's Creek, where we remained over Sunday. 

On Monday, the 29th, we advanced again towards 
Murfreesboro, and went into bivouac in the rear of 
Generals Wood's and Palmer's divisions, who were in 
line of battle in front of the enemy. General Rose- 
crans came up the next day, the 30th, and established 
his headquarters a few paces in front of our brigade. 
During the day other divisions came up and took posi- 
tion. General Crittenden's corps was formed on the 
left of the Murfreesboro and Nashville pike, with orders 
to cross Stone River the next morning, and move into 
Murfreesboro. General Vancleve's division was to cross 



SrONE lilVER. '79 

at the lower ford and advance against the rebel General 
Breckenridge. General Wood was to support him on 
the right, crossing at the upper ford, and General Palmer 
was to engage the enemy in his front. Next, in the 
centre, was Thomas's corps, and on the right was 
McCook's corps. General Rosecrans' plan of battle 
was to open on the left, and extend the engagement 
from left to right. 

Early on the morning of the 31st, General Vancleve 
initiated the execution of this plan by moving his divi- 
sion towards the left. The advance brigade was cross- 
ing the river, and Colonel Fyffe had just reached the 
banks of the river, when the movement was arrested by 
an order for Fyffe to face his brigade about, and march 
with all possible speed to resist an attack of the enemy's 
cavalry on the trains in the rear, on the Nasiiville pike, 
and about one mile in the rear of the point lelt in the 
morning. The enemy had wholly disconcerted the 
plans of General Rosecrans by a furious onslaught on 
the extreme right about sunrise, driving back the whole 
right wing to a right-angle with the centre. Colonel 
Fyffe reached the point of attack on the trains, but the 
Union cavalry had already succeeded in repulsing the 
attack, and in recapturing the trains. The brigade was 
then ordered to the support of the right, and returning 
on the pike about half a mile, marched through a cedar 
wood to an open field. The enemy filled the wood 
beyond, and also a wood on the right of the field. The 
brigade advanced across th^ field, and by some blunder 
moved far beyond the supporting columns on the right 
and left. As soon as the men were across the field, the 



80 STONE RIVER. 

enemy opened a terrific fire from the front and right. 
The i^lace was too hot, and the brigade wouhl have been 
annihihited in a few minutes had it not fallen ba( k, 
which it did speedily but in order. The lines were 
again formed near the Nashville pike, and heitl during 
the remainder of the day and night. The day was a 
terrible one. Many brigades and regiments on the right 
were broken up and scattered, and wandered fron^ place 
to place, officers in search of their men, and 'men in 
search of their officers, until they were gathered up 
without regard to former organization, and placed in 
line of action. There was no place of safety within 
the Union lines. The Surgeons of the Forty-fourth 
dressed the wounded at times during the day when the 
balls whizzed about from the four points of the com- 
pass. 

General Rosecrans re-formed his lines in the dark- 
ness of the night of the 31st, and the next morning 
Vancleve moved his division across Stone River to the 
point started for the morning before. Colonel Fyffe's 
brigade was placed some forty rods in front of the river, 
in face of the enemy, where the Fort) -fourth remained all 
the day of January ist, 1863, without engagement except 
picket firing. The morning of the seconti was opened 
with a lively artillery duel of about an hour's duration, 
and sharp skirmishing was continued along the whole 
line until about 2 o'clock \>. M., when the enemy under 
General Breckenridge advanced in heavy storming col- 
umns. The two brigades in front, General Beatty's and 
Colonel Fyffe's, were forced back to the river, where 
they were met by supporting columns. A massed bat- 



STOyE RIVER. 81 

tery of some fifty-eight pieces, that had been collected 
in anticipation of such a movement, now opened on the 
enemy. A battle scene ensued that hardly had a par- 
allel during the war. More musketry and artillery firing, 
probably, occurred in a like number of minutes on 
longer lines, but not so much on so sliort a line. The 
earth trembled under the shock, and it was reported 
that win(K)\v-glass was broken by the concussion of 
the air two miles distant. Tiie noise could hardly have 
been exccetled by the concentration of several tlunider 
storms. General Ikeckenridge's columns melted away, 
and he fled back with their remnants, and the Forty- 
fourth planted its colors on the enemy's breastworks, 
ami slept that night on the field of battle. 

The enemy evacuated Murfreesboro that night and 
the next day, and General Rosecrans entered the day 
after. 

I have been unable to find any official report of the 
part performed by the Forty-fourth at the battle of 
Stone River, and owing to the capture of Colonel 
Williams, in commantl, during the furious charge of the 
enemy, it is probable that none was made. Having 
been an eye-witness of nearly all its movements, I can 
testify as to its honorable conduct. Tliough the brigade 
was twice repulsed, it was under circumstances that 
reflected no discredit. An attempt to hold its position 
in either case would have been utter annihilation. The 
columns were in each case readily rallied, with the lobs 
of very few stragglers. Lieutenant Dancer, of Co. H, 
Inspector General on Colonel Fyffe's staff, conductctl 
himself bravely, and was severely wounded. Serjeant 



I 



82 STONE R I VEIL 

Gordon relates that during the repulse on the left, Cap- 
tain Cosper, Co. F, was closely pursued by a rebel, who 
repeatedly ordered him to halt and surrender, or he 
would shoot. Not heeding the demand, the rebel fired, 
wounding Cosper in the hand. At that he turned upon 
his adversary and thrust him through with his bayonet, 
killing him on the spot. He then continued his retreat. 

The Regiu)cnt went into action with about 300 men, 
and lost 8 killed, 52 wounded, and 25 missing. Fol- 
lowing are the names, as given in the official report of 
Surgeon Martin : 

KII.1.KD. 

Thomas Ilelsper, Co. B. 

Jolin Webster, Co. F. 

Jacub Parker, Co. F. 

(ieorge W. Wallace, Co. F. 

Jetler.son Shaunou, Co. G. 

ChiKls Drake, Co. I. 

First Sergeant Franklin Baldwin, Co. I. 

Harrison Harwood, Co. K. 

WOUNDED. 
COMPANY A. 

Corporal George W. Pervis, severe flesh wound in leg. 
Frederic ►Swanibaugli, in back, dangcrou:^ly. 
Joseph Williiis, in leg, slight. 

COMPANY II. 

Sergeant Albert Kit/, sliglit (U-sh wound in foot. 
Sergeant William Cartwright, slight llL'>h wound 
in leg. 

John Cogan, slight tleslj wound in head. 
William Clark, in linger; aminitated. 
Scott F2ddy, severe llesli woun«l in liip. 
George Scott, in tinger; ami)utated. 






STO^'■E RIVER. g3 

Gable Seott, sovtTo flesh Avoiind in tliigh. 
Wuimiel Widuer, suvere llcsli woiuul ia tiii-h. 



C'OMl'ANV V. 



First Sergeant Sidney Livingston, in leg, sligljt. 

Samuel Sweet, in linger; amputated. 

Ow(,'n Sliaw, in arm, slight. 

Jaekson Ilyser, in nose, slight. 

Jacob Smith, lYaeture of tliigh; amputated. 

CO.Ml'ANV li. 

John Haller, iii chest, juortal. 
William <>i)ie, in arm, slight. 
Amos Jiritton, severe tlesh wound in leg. 
William lloutson, in hand, severe. 

eojii'ANv K. 

Sergeant Andrew Miii^d, in thigh, tlesh, severe 
Hiram Riddle, in hack, tlesh, severe, 
F. A. (Jrable, in shoulder, severe. 
Frederic lianta, in shoulder, slight. 
John Spurgeon, in leg, severe. 

COJU'ANY F. 

David Robison, wounded, and probably prisoner. 

P. liobbins, in arm, tlesh, severe. 

David Greenawalt, in leg, fracture. 

Jacob Hicks, in wrist, slightly. 

Francis A. Johnson, in back and elbow, slight. 

(ieorgeCasjier, in linger; amputated. 

Hennett Kobe, in arm, flesh. 

Lewis Tiflany, hip, severe. 

Asa Ilarwooil, arm, severe. 

Chester (Jrimmerman, in t'oot. 

llobin F. Ford, in thigh, Hesh, slight. ' 

cu:\ri'ANY o. 
Lucius McGowan, in thigh, flesh, slight. 

c<;mi*anv n. 

Lieutenant J. H. Dancer, IJrigade Insj)ector, in 
thigh, fiesh, severe. 



84 STONE RIVER. 

Peter AIsi)aiigli, wouikIlhI, and probuhly i)ris(jiic>r, 
Victor Ketcliuiii, in tliigli, llcsli, severe. 
Vail Jkireu Ket(;liuni, in le-^-, severe. 
John J. Critst, in foot, severe. 

COMl'ANV I. 

Frederick Lavenlr, in side and arm, severe. 

Frederielt Stroiip, in arm, sliglit. 

John Robinson , in wiist, sliglit. 

Martin Dumer, in slionlder, severe. 

James A. Smitli. 

Martin G. llurd, in head; missing. 

John Lesher, cliaraeter unlinown. 

COMPANV K. 

Sergeant Frank Willis, in loot, slight. 
Samuel S(iuires, in hand, severe. 
Orlando Wright, in knee, serious. 



MUUFliEESnORO, 



85 



CHAPTER XII. 

MUICFKEESBOUO. 

The Army of the Cumberland moved into Murfrees- 
boro, and went into camp in the vicinity, January 5th, 
1863, General Crittenden's corps taking position on tlie 
left along the Lebanon pike. The Forty-fourth was 
located about one mile out, in the vicinity of the 
Spence mansion, which was assigned to Surgeon Martin 
for hospital purposes. The house was a commodious 
brick residence, richly furnished when abandoned by 
the owner during the evacuation. The Regiment passed 
the beautiful place in its northward march in September 
previous, and the lady of the house tauntingly asked 
some of the boys who called, " Why are you going 
north?" The sick boys, as they came in, were now 
glad she had gone south. The proprietor, we believe, 
was a rebel General. 

Assistant Surgeons Rerick and Carr were detailed for 
work in the general field hospital in the rear of the 
battle-field. The former worked there about two weeks, 
when he was taken severely sick, and was brought to 
the Spence house, where he lay until about the middle 
of February, when he was grfinted leave of absence and 
sent home in charge of a nurse, with little expectation 
of ever being able to return. But he <lid return, in 



SC) MUliFREI'iaiiORO. 

April. Dr. Carr remained at the fieKl hosj^ital several 
weeks, and then returned and took medical charge of 
the Regiment in camj). 

During the six months* encampment at Murfreesboro 
the Regiment was comfortably located. It had excellent ! 
hospital quarters, and the men no harder duties than I 
work on tiie fortifications being erected. This period, 
though, was in one respect the darkest of the war, j 
especially to Indiana soldiers. The results in tlie field 
were far from being satisfactory, and at home there was 
much opposition to all the vigorous measures proposed 
for the prosecution of the contest. The formation of 
secret organizations to oppose the prosecution of the 
war were reported, and desertions from the army were 
encouraged. A formidable conspiracy, known as the 
Knights of the Golden Circle, with heailcjuarters in 
Indiana, created much alarm, not only in the public 
mind of the North, but in the army at the front. The 
Legislature that convened on the first of January, 1863, 
was believed to be largely under its control, an open 
and startling effort being made to deprive Governor 
Morton of his constitutional right of Commander-in- 
Chief of the State Militia. The Emancipation Procla- 
mation of President Lincoln hat! just gone into effect, 
and the prejudices of the j:)eople, both at home and in 
the army, against the colorc<i race, were being actively 
aroused. The great theme of the real sympathizers 
with the rebellion was, that the war was being prose- 
cuted, not to restore the^ Union, but to liberate the 
slaves. The soldiers had all enlisted to maintain the 
integrity of the Union, and any deviation of the Ad- 



> 



MURFREESUORO. 87 

ministration from this purpose would be productive of 
great if not fatal disaffection in the ranks. 'Hie enemy 
and his sympathizers at the North well understood this, 
and hence the strenuous efforts, secretly and openly, to 
make such a deviation apparent. The soldiers, though, 
had no sympathy for the rebel. 'I'hey were anxious for 
his overthrow by the most speedy and efficient means. 
Though they had enlistetl only to restore the Union, 
and not to liberate a race, they were not unwilling to 
deprive the enemy in their front of the assistance of 
that race. The mass of them looked upon the Procla- 
mation in its true light, as a military necessity, a measure 
needful for the overthrow of the rebellion. Thousands, 
though, while recognizing it as a military necessity, saw 
in that necessity an overruling Providence leading men 
who attenipted one good act, to do another and possibly 
a greater than they had originally intended. Good be- 
gets good, and evil begets evil. The sin of slavery 
begot rebellion. The love of Union begot opposition 
to rebellion, and the liberation of an oppressed race. 
Slavery did not intend rebellion at first, neither did the 
love of Union, emancipation. Tlie sequences in both 
rases were natural, and probably inevitable. 

During the first months of 1863 these cpiestions were 
much discussed in army circles, as well as throughout 
the North. The Indiana sohliers were generally indig- 
nant at the hostility to Governor Morton, and at the 
manifest sympathy in many parts of the State for the 
enemy. Memorials and resolutions were considered 
and adopted by regiments, and sent to the State author- 
ities, expressing the sentiments of the soldiers. A 



88 MURFREESnOliO. 

memorial to tlie Legislature was read to the Forty- 
fourth, as well as to a number of other regiments, and 
by a vote of the Regiment was unanimously adopted. 
This memorial closed with a proposal that tlie Legisla- 
ture adopt the following resolutions as a basis of all 
tlieir acts : 

1. " Resolved : That we are uncontlitionully and de- 
terminedly in favor of tiie preservation of the Union. 

2. Resolved: That in order to tlie preservation of 
the Union, we are in favor of a vigorous prosecution of 
the war. 

3. Resolved: That we will sustain our State and 
Federal authorities witli nioney and sui)plies, in all 
their ellbrts to sustain the Union and prosecute the war. 

4. Resolved : 'i'\\i\i we will discountenance every 
faction and inlluence lending to create animosities at 
home, or to alibrd consolation and aid to ()ur enemies in 
arms, and that we will cooperate only with those wlio 
will stand by the Union, and with lliose fighting the bat- 
tles of the Union. 

5. Resolved: That we tender to His Excellency 
Governor O. P. INIorton, the thanks of his grateful 
friends in the army for his extraordinary edbrts in their 
behalf, and assure him that neither time nor the cor- 
rui)ting induence of i»arty shall ever estrange tlie soldier 
from the soldier's friend." 

These resolutions f^urly expressed the sentiments of 
the soldiers. They were presented to the Indiana Sen- 
ate, February i2th, 1863, when they were assailed and 
finally referred to the committee on federal relations. 
Resolutions from the Sixty-sixth and Ninety-third Indi- 
ana Regiments, in much^ stronger terms, presented 
immediately after., caused still greater commotion. A 
motion was made "to reject them," "to reject the 



MURFREESBORO. 89 

whole batch," " they were an insult to all who favored 
an armistice." The memorial, with the resolutions, 
were rejected by a vote of 28 to 18 ; but a petition from 
rebel-sympathizing citizens, denouncing the war as an 
"infernal abolition war," and asking "that not one 
man nor one dollar be voted to prosecute it," was 
deemed sufficiently appropriate to refer kindly to a 
committee. 

Such was the contrast between the sentiments of the 
soldiers in the field, the Indiana Legislature of 1S62-3, 
and a large body of the citizens of the State. 



i 



90 THE CniCKAMAUOA CAMPAIGN. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

THE C II I C K A M A U G A C A M I' A I G N. 

The Army of the Cumberland commenced another 
movement against General Bragg, June 23d, 1862, and 
by the next day all the divisions, except General Van- 
cleve's, were uiuler motion. The latter was moved iiUo 
the fortifications for a {kiw days, but set out kn the front 
on the 4th of July, moving on the McMinuville road 
by way of Woodbury. The division reached McMinn- 
ville on the 7th, and went into camp. The Forty-fourth 
was pleasantly camped near the residence of a Mrs. 
Stubblefield. 

On the night of the loth, after the men had retired, 
the news came of the fall of Vick.sburg and of the de- 
feat of General Lee at Gettysburg. As the word 
passed around from tent to tent, tiie men jumped up 
and rushed out, and gave cheer after cheer. They 
thought surely the war was then nearly at an end. 

Colonel Williams, who, after his capture at Stone 
River, had been carrietl to Libby prison, and after some 
months' confinement there, had been exclianged, reached 
his command again on tlw evening of the 16th, and 
some ten days thereafter resigneil. Surgeon Martin also 
resigned at the same time, on account of disability. 



THE CHICK A MA UO A CAMPAIGN. 91 

The only commissioned officer now left of the original 
Field and Staff, was the writer. 

While in camp here, details from the Regiment went 
out on several raids in the vicinity in purbiiit of bush- 
whackers, escorted trains over the mountains to Dunlap, 
guarded railroad trains to Tullahoma, and worked on 
fortifications which were commenced near the depot. 

On September 31I the division broke camp and started 
for the front, crossed the Cumberland Mountains to 
Dunlap, thence down the Sequatcha Valley to Jasper 
and Battle Creek, passing by the old camp left about a 
year before, to Bridgeport, where we crossed the Ten- 
nessee River, moved up the river road to Shell Mount!, 
thence around the Point of Lookout Mountain in full 
view of Chattanooga, which had been evacuated a day 
or two before. ^Ve bivouacked that night at Rossville, 
and here rejoined the rest of General Crittenden's corps. 

The march from McMinnville to this point, a dis- 
tance of one hundred and thirty miles, had been made 
in eight days, which, considering the passage over the 
mountains, was considered pretty hard service. The 
next day, the nth, Crittenden moved to Ringgold, and 
Vancleve's division was advanced some two miles south 
of this jjhce. That night the body of the rebel army 
lay betw .1 General Crittenden and the remainder of 
the Army of the Cumberland, slumbering in the moun- 
tains twenty and forty miles distant. It was a golden 
opportunity for General Bragg, but he appeared not 
to know it. The next qiorning the division was 
withdrawn to Ringgold, and the whole corps marched 
westward twelve miles to Lee and Gordon's Mills, reach- 



1! 
1 



92 THE CHICKAMAUGA CAMPAIGN. 

ing out towards Thomas. On the 13th, Vancleve's 
division crossed tlie Chickamauga at the Mills and ad- 
vanced on the Lafayette road to John Henderson's 
plantation, where a sharp skirmish ensued, the lebels 
shelling the whole line. The division was withdrawn 
about four o'clock p. m., and bivouacked near the Mills 
that night. Crittenden was here still exposed to the | 
whole rebel army. The danger evidently becoming \ 
apparent, he moved the next day further to the west and 
in the direction of- General Thomas, and that night 
rested in the Chattanooga valley on the east side of the 
Lookout range. Here connection was made with 
Thomas's corps, or a part of it, and Crittenden moved 
back the next day, the 15th, to Crawfish Springs, in the 
vicinity of Lee and Gordon's Mills. The command 
was held here, on the i6th and 17th, in momentary 
readiness for action. The great clouds of dust that 
could be seen across the Chickamauga to the east, and 
which were veering around to the north, showed the 
enemy in motion for our I'ear and for Chattanooga. 
^Vith the exception of the cavalry, our division was then 
at the extreme left. McCook's corps was still in the 
mountains somewhere, struggling through. Late in the 
afternoon of the i8th, two regiments of Colonel Fyffe's 
brigade were hastily ordered to the support of General 
Wilder, who faced the enemy at a crossing of the 
Chickamauga, a mile or two north of Lee and Gordon's 
Mills. 

For the part performed by the Forty-fourth on the 
bloody field of Chickamauga, we subjoin the official 
report of Lieutenant- Colonel Aldrich, the brave and 
intrepid officer in command. 



THE CIIICKAMAUGA CAMPAION. 93 

( 



" Uamp of the JlTii Indiana Vomintekhs, 

CllATTAN()0(JA, Hi;pt. 27, ISU.'J. 



Colonel Dli'k, couid'g 2d Brit;., 3d Div., 21st Army Coi'iis : 

In coiui)liuiice with orders, I herewith subiuit a 
report of tlie jnut my lleginient toolc in tlie Herio.s of 
battles near tliis point. On the IStli my Regiment and 
tlie 59th Ohio were ordereil three miles to the left of our 
camp at (/rawftsh Springs, to the support of Colonel 
Wilder. We reache<l the point and formed line of 
battle, in the after jiart of the day, in a wood in front 
• of an o2)en fieJd. Here our cavalry were driven in a 
little after dark. I kept my line, expecting to see the 
enem3''s cavalry api)roach, but not showing themselves, 
and being left alone (the TjUth having fallen back), you 
ordered me to fall back to a new line that was forming 
in the field. Here we remained until near daj'light the 
■next morning. When our division came u]), we were, 
with them, ordered still further to the left la line of 
battle, when we engaged the enemy, in large force, n)y 
Regiment and the o'Jth Ohio in front, 8Gth Indiana and 
13th Ohio in second line. We had a very severe light, 
contesting the ground incli by inch. The 5yth, on our 
riglit, gave way, also the second line behind, leaving us 
alone to contend with a powerful force of the enemy 
without any sui)porton our right. In this condition we 
fought the enemy as best we could for some time, until 
discovering tliat the left had also fallen back. I then 
ordered a slow retreat, lighting our way back to a small 
hollow, where I rallied my Regiment again, brought it 
about face and advanced a short distance and pouretl a 
destructive fire into the enemy. Again we were driven 
back to the ravine, again rallied, and again obliged to 
leave the field. This we did in tolerably gooil order, 
joining the remainder of our brigade on the hill in rear 
of the buttle ground. These are the nuiin points of the 



94 THE CHICK AM AUG A CAMPAIOX. 

part porfonned by the Rej^iiDcnt in the engagement on 
tSuturday, tlie lUth. 

Sunday morning, after drawing rations (which part 
of the Regiment did not iiave time to do), we were 
ordered to tiie front again, to double cohimn on the 
centre, and i)roceed by llanlc and forward movements 
unlii we readied a point near where tlie battle was 
raging. We advanced along a low piece of giountl, 
making a distance to tlie left, where we made a short 
halt, dei)loyed column, and waited the enemy's ap- 
proach. A regiment engaged in the front fell back 
suddenly in a shattered condition, and caused a i)anic 
with most of our brigade. I succeedetl in holding most 
of n)3' men, and fought the enemy against great odds. 
At this point my horse was shot. We held them in 
check some time, but on their breaking around our left, 
I ordered a retreat, and in good order went in search of 
our brigaile. On our march to the rear, we heard, to 
our then left, quite heavy liring, and directed our march 
to that point. Found it to be General ^^ ood's com- 
mand contesting the holding of a hill, a very im])ortant 
point. We arrived very opjjortunely, and took |)osition 
with Colonel Marker's brigade, i)lacing our Hag on the 
brow of the hill. Our men iM)bly rallied and fought 
like veterans indeed, and assisted in rejjulsing the enemy 
three times and effectually, the enemy abandoning the 
ground. Here Captain Gunsinluniser and (leorge Wil- 
son fell. I must say 1 never saw troops handled better, 
and light more desperately, than did Colonel JIarker's 
brigade. We remained herv until after dark, some time 
after the tiring ceased, until the army fell back, when 
we proceeded to the rear, reaching liossville about ten 
or eleven o'clock at night, On hearing that Cleneral 
Vancleve was near the lorks of the roads, we moved in 
the morning of the 21st to lind him and our brigade. 
I had foun<l some of the loth Ohio, of whom I took 



THE CHICK AM AUG A CAMPAIGX. 



95 



! 



coninm.ul the uij.ht before, and also collected from dif- 
ferent i-egiuie.its a considerable nui.iber by the time we 
reaclKMl the spring near the Cliattanooga road, wliere we 
received or.lers from Captai.i Oti«, General Vancleve's 
adjutant, to march to town. This we did, being the last 
of any amount of onr brigade to take that i.Iace. Soon 
after reaching town I was ordere.l by you to take n.y 
Regiment and the l;Uli Ohio and proceed to xMissionarv 
BhI^'o. This I did, and threw up a breastwork to the 
riglit of the road across the top of the ridge I also 
placed tl-.e 13th Ohio in a very conunan.ling position 
one half mile to the right. We were sui)j,orte.l by Col- 
onel Harrison's mounted infantry. On the -'d about 
10 o'clock A. M., our videttes exchanged shots wi'th the 
eiiemy's a.lvance, who were driven back by Colonel 
Harrison's men. Between 11 and 12 o'clock the enemy 
advanced again, drove in the pickets and appeared in 
orce. 1 reserved my lire until two lines appeared, an.l 
being completely covere.l, took them by surprise when 
I ordered my men to rise and fire. The distance bein-r 
short, and the enemy in fair view, we made terrible 
havoc among them. They fell back, came up again 
and were met again by another volley. At this junr-turJ 
tliey ^ent a force to r.ur left to try w dj,h>.Jj,,. „,, Unl we 
n.et them with such a shower of bullets, they did not 
eueeeed. In this way we fou-^ht them until Colonel 
Harrison .nformed me by one of his ahls that th.-y were 
coming down the Ridge upon our right and left, with 
the probability of cutting us off. j then ordered a re- 
reat, and threw ot.t skirmishers in my rear, and fell 
back m perfect order to the railroad. This ended the 
most important events. It would take u volume to give 
full particulars. ^ 

I must say for my men and officers that I never saw 
men tight better or more bravely, or keep together .so 



t 



96 THE CIIICKAMAUGA CAMPAIGX. 

well. Captain Guiistiiliouser, CTo. K, 1111 nobly and 
bravely li^nhtlng. No braver man ever fouj^ht. His life 
has been laid on tlie altar ol' bis eountry. J lis example 
ill tlie Regiment has ever been one worthy of imitation. 
Adjutant Hodges nobly assisted me in the management 
of the Regiment. Cai)tain Curtiss deserves especial 
notice, lie fonght like a hero. Cai)tains Wilson, Jlnrch, 
King, Hildebrand, (Jrnnd and (ietty did nobly. liieu- 
tenantsof the several companies did exceedingly well, 
with bnt few exceptions. The ever faithfnl Surgeon 
Rerick followed us fiom i)()int to point, assisted by Dr. 
Carr ; and I am pleased to say that no regiment has luid 
better care for their wounded than the 44th Indiana, in 
this army. He su(;coeded also in getting all of our 
wouuiieil from the hospital which wascai)tured on Sun- 
day evening l)y the enemy. All my men, with very 
few exceptions, deserve great praise, and earned addi- 
tional honor and glory. Our casualties are as follows: 
Killed, 3; wounded, ol); missing, 10. Those missing I 
think are wounded. Attaclied you will find a list of 
killed and wounded, with name, rank, and company, 
nature of wound, etc. All honor to the noble ilead and 
wounded. I cannot restrain my feelings in view of 
their sullerings and noble deeds. 
1 liuvo llie huiiur to bo 

Your obedient serviint, 

S. C. ALDIUOH, 

I. lent. -Col. Coiniiiandlng." 

Colonel Harker, in his official report, made honor- 
able mention of the Regiment for its gallant aid of liis 
command in the critical moment referred to by Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Aldrich. Also did Generals Crittenden, 
Vancleve, and Wood. We regret that we have not their 
official reports at hand. Ceneral Tliomas also compli- 







SIMEON C, ALDRICH, , 

LIKVT. OOLOSKL. 



r: 



f 



THE OUICKAMAUGA CAMPAIGN. 97 

mented tlie Lieutenant-Colonel in person. Van Home, 
in his history of the Army of the Cumberland, in de- 
scribing the battle after the enemy had broken tirrough 
the Union lines (Vol. I, page 343), says : " For a time 
after the disaster on the right, there were but few divi- 
sions in line against the whole rebel army. These 
divisions were all firm, but tlie enemy was concentrating 
on both flanks of the line which lay across the Lafayette 
and Chattanooga roads. And as soon, under the inspir- 
ation of partial victory and the hope of complete tri- 
umph, most vigorous and persistent assaults were made, 
whose successful resistance under the circumstances 
makes the closing struggle of this great battle one of 
the most remarkable which has occurred in modern 
times— one of the grandest which has ever been made 
for tlie existence of army or country. From noon till 
night the five divisions which had previously constituted 
'Thomas's line,' and such other troops as reached him 
from the right, under orders, or drifted to him after the 
disaster, and two brigades from the reserve corps, suc- 
cessfully resisted the whole confederate army. * * * 
The 44th Indiana from Dick's brigade, and the 17th 
Kentucky from Beatty's brigade, of Vancleve's division, 
were the only regiments that, without orders, diverged 
from the line of retreat, and reached General Thomas 
in time to participate in the final conflict." 

And again, describing more particularly the struggle 
on the hill when the Forty-fourth assisted Marker's 
brigade of Wood's divisioi>, Van Home says (Vol. I, 
page 352), after referring to the posting of the troops by 
General 'I'homas in person: " There was scarcely time 



I 



98 THE CniCKAMAUGA CAMPAIGN. 

for the execution of these movements before the left 
wing of the confederate army fell upon Wood and 
Brannan. It is impossible to compute with accuracy 
the number of troops with these Generals. Portions of 
their respective divisions had been previously severed 
and lost, and there were troops with them representing 
at least two divisions. General Beatty, of Negley's 
division, was acting as a fragmentary force, and a large 
portion of Stanley's brigade, Colonel Stoughton com- 
manding, Colonel Stanley having been wounded, the 
2ist Ohio regiment from Sirwell's brigade, of the same 
division, and the 17th Kentucky, Colonel Stout, and 
the 44th Indiana, Lieutenant- Colonel Aldrich, from 
Vancleve's division. But this isolated line composed 
of fragments of brigades and regiments, about four 
thousand men in all, repeatedly repulsed the niost furi- 
ous attacks of Longstreet's massive lines." 

Tlie report of Lieutenant-Colonel Aldrich might 
seem somewhat colored to some, but the above facts 
obtained by Chaplain Van Home from official reports 
of his superior officers, fully vindicate the Colonel's 
plain statement of the part performed by the Forty- 
fourth Indiana. 

The Forty-fourth had the first fight on Missionary 
Ridge, and commenced it near the spot where General 
Bragg, a few days after, established his headquarters, 
and it fought over the same hill-side that General 
Wood's colunm charged up, two months later, in the 
great battle of Missionary Ridge. Sergeant Gordon, 
Co. K, who was in the fight, relates that after the 
Regiment had fallen back to the railroad, volunteer 



THE CIIICKAMAUOA CAMPAIGN. 



99 



skirmishers were called for, and that Nicholas Ensly, Co. 
K, one of the number who responded, had a single- 
handed contest with a rebel. After firing four or five 
rounds at each other, "Nick" wounded his antagonist, 
drove him from under cover, captured his knapsack, 
finding it full of fresh meat, and meat only. 

The two regiments were sent out to the Ridge only 
to retard the approach of the enemy at that point, and 
were not expected to enter into a regular engagement. 
They executed their orders satistactorily, and during the 
night were withdrawn, and went into bivouac in line of 
battle in a cemetery on the left of a spot where, in a 
itw days afterward. Fort Wood was built. The enemy 
came over the Ridge, cainj;etl along the valley at its 
base, extending his line from the Tennessee River 
around to and including Lookout Point. 

The new fl\g was carried through the battle of 
Chickamauga and the engagement on Mission Ridge 
by Sergeant Owen Shaw, Co. C. Though slightly 
wounded several times, he clung to it all through, except 
for a few moments at one time when it was knocked out 
of his hands by a ball, which also struck his hand. He 
gathered it up immediately, and afterward planted it on 
the hill in front of Colonel Harker's line, in the crisis 
of the battle at that part of the line. He and three 
other sergeants, whose names we cannot recall, were 
subsequently examined and recommended for commis- 
sions in the colored regiments, for their gallantry in 
this battle. 



100 THE SIEGE OF CIIA TTANOOQA. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

THE SIEGE OF CHATTANOOGA. 

After a few days in bivouac on the left of Fort 
Wood, tents were brought, and we went into camp. 
The location was a splentlid one for scenery, and an 
exciting one for peril. On our left ran the Tennessee, 
'and beyond it Waldron's Ridge majestically stood 
frowning upon Tookout, Missionary Ridge, and all the 
surrounding country; in front and east, two miles dis- 
tant, lay Mission Ridge, extending from the Tennessee 
southward. General Bragg's headquarters on the Ridge 
were in full view, and a large part of his army lay in the 
valley about midway; on the right extended the Chat- 
tanooga Valley southward, between Missionary Ridge 
and Lookout Mountain, and further to the west and the 
rear, as our line ran, towered Lookout Point, overlook- 
ing the town and the lines of both armies, where the 
enemy erected a battery and threw shells toward us 
day after day for a month. Around still further to the 
rear, a glimpse of Lookout Valley and Raccoon Moun- 
tains was presented, when the Waldron Ridge, footing 
up to the Tennessee as it wo'und around Moccasin Point, 
closed up the view. The railroad came up from Bridge- 
port, our base of supplies, through Lookout Valley and 



THE 8IEOE OF CHATTANOOGA. 



101 



around Lookout Point. But a few days after the battle 
of Chickamaiiga, the enemy took possession of Lookout 
Mountain, cut off our supplies by rail, and in a few 
days more sent detachments across Raccoon Mountain 
and cut off the approach of supplies by boat. Wagon 
trains were at once started to carry supplies from 
Bridgeport, twenty-five miles distant — air line — by way 
of the Sequatchie Valley and across Waldron's Ridge, 
making a circuitous route of sixty miles. The enemy 
crossed a large body of cavalry, under Wheeler, and 
captured and burned one train of three hundred wagons, 
but were finally repulsed, and this line of communication 
reopened after a manner, and the Union army thus, in 
connection with foraging expeditions up the little val- 
leys on the north side of the river, kept from death by 
starvation. The road to Bridgeport became so lined 
with dead mules that died from starvation and exhaus- 
tion, that it became almost impassable for the stench. 
In camp the rations were reduced to one-half, one-third 
and then one-fourth, and some days none were issued 
at all. Sergeant Gordon, who dealt out the rations to 
his company, relates that on one occasion when the 
Regiment had drawn no rations for several days, and 
the men had become wild with hunger, he drew three 
and one-half Government crackers and three table- 
spoonfuls of coffee for his sixteen men. In order to 
give satisfaction, he broke the crackers up and formed 
the pieces into sixteen little piles of equal size, and thus 
distributed them j then the>coffee he divided out by the 
grain. The boys of the Forty-fourth had gained some 
reputation, long before this, for skill in maintaining full 



102 THE SIEGE OF CHATTANOOOA. 

haversacks. Some General, none too dull of imagin- 
ation, started the story that the men of the Forty-fourth 
Indiana could pick up a sheep grazing in the fields by 
the wayside, skin, dress, and divide it up among them 
without missing step in the march. Whatever their 
ability to provide for their haversacks, it did not forsake 
them in this trying emergency. The officers' horses, 
though, maintained only at the point of starvation, lost 
their rations of corn. Sacks of corn, black with must 
and rot, were found and then washed and dried, ground 
with coffee-mills, and made into bread. It was reported, 
though no one at the time would acknowledge it, that 
some of the boys on guard one night where a herd of 
cattle were crossed over the river for the army, managed 
to get up a stampede, and two or three of the cattle ran 
near the line of the Forty-fourth, where their flight was 
intercepted by the polls of axes in the hands of sturdy 
men on the lookout. There was no hoof, horn, or blood 
visible in the proximity of the camp the next morning, 
but the boys for several days appeared very contented 
to do without beef rations. Levi VVallack, Co. K, an 
eccentric and well-known character, was noted for the 
size of his haversack, it being about three times as large 
as others' and always well filled. But he was not par- 
tial, and balanced it by carrying on the other side a 
triple supply of ammunition, which he dealt out fear- 
lessly to the enemy whenever opportunity offered. He 
did not know fear, and as little of discipline, unless he \ 
was inclined that way at ihe time. In the skirmish on j 
Missionary Ridge he fired thirty-one rounds, and at 
every shot was heard to mutter, '' There, dem you, take 



2'HE SIEOE OF CflATl'A XOOOA. 103 

that." One night, while on the picket, he ascertained 
that there were some cattle witliin the rebel picket lines. 
The old haversack was sadly depleted just then, so down 
he dropped on the ground and stealthily stole his way 
to the cattle, faced them for the Union lines, and started 
them on the run. The rebels sent the bullets whizzing 
after him, but when they ascertained that he had escaped, 
and come out with fifteen head of cattle, they joined the 
Union boys in a cheer over the exploit. Wallack was 
granted the privilege of killing three of the cattle for 
the benefit of himself and his regiment. 

None of these deprivations dampened the ardor of 
the men. They were heard to remark that they would 
prefer, after the mules and horses gave out, to go by 
detail to Bridgeport and carry up supplies on their backs, 
than abandon the position at Chattanooga. So far as 
suffering was concerned, there was little choice in the 
alternatives. These were, to starve until communica- 
tions could be openeil, surrender, or re-cross the Ten- 
nessee and flee for the Ohio River, three hundred miles 
distant, on the same roads marched over a year before 
from Battle Creek, only twenty miles distant. The 
lines of fortifications very soon became apparently im- 
pregnable. The enemy's guns on Lookout Point neitiier 
intimidated nor did any injury. An assault by the 
enemy was earnestly desired by the men, and the occa- 
sional threatenings of such an assault did much to 
reconcile the men to the situation ; as also did the news 
from the North of the result of the elections of this 
month, which were received along the whole line with 
immense cheering. 



if 



104 THE SIEGE OF CHATTANOOGA. 

General Rosecrans was relieved of the command of 
the Army of the Cumberland, October 19th, by an 
order of the President, which established the military 
division of the Mississippi, General Grant in command 
and General Thomas in immediate command of the 
Army of the Cumberland. General Grant, instantly, 
upon receiving the order, telegraphed Thomas, " Hold 
Chattanooga at all hazards; I will be there as soon as 
possible." General Thomas as promptly replied, " We 
will hold the town until we starve." It was held. 
General Thomas had movements already in progress for 
breaking the blockade in the Tennessee River below. 
General Grant arrived on the 23d, and inspected and 
sanctioned the movements in hand. Hooker moved up 
from Bridgeport, where he had been concentrating, and 
a skillful movement down the Tennessee from Chatta- 
nooga on the night of the 26th, to Brown's Ferry, 
opened the river from Bridgeport to that point, only 
five miles distant. The two little boats in readiness 
commenced to bring up supplies, the size of the rations 
began to increase, and very soon the men began to 
change their speculations upon the possible duration of 
starvation to conjectures as to the time for advancing 
upon the enemy. 

In the reorganization of the army after the arrival of 
General Grant, Lieutenant-Colonel Aldrich was ap- 
pointed Provost-Marshal of Chattanooga by General 
Thomas, and the Forty-fourth was assigned to Post 
duty, with Major Hodges in command. The Regiment 
broke camp on the front line November 8th, and moved 
into town, went into camp, and entered upon the dis- 



THE SI EG E OF CHA TTANOOOA. 1 05 

charge of their new duty. This change deprived the 
Regiment from participating in the great battles on 
Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, November 
23d, 24th, and 25th. The booming cannon, and the 
rattling musketry on the left, center, and right, were dis- 
tinctly heard, and the men standing in camp and at 
post witnessed, as the clouds lifted their vail from the 
mountain side, the grand battle of Hooker on Lookout 
Point, saw the rebel flag carried in retreat across the 
open field, near the white house under the cliff, and the 
stars and stripes of the Union, moistened by the heaven- 
kissed clouds, following close after the treacherous ban- 
ner ; and when the darkness of night enveloped the 
mountain, saw it lighted up from base to cliff by the 
flashes of musketry. From more elevated points were 
witnessed the advance of General Wood's tlivision, in 
the center, and the capture of the first line of rifle-pits 
at the base of Missionary Ridge, the furious charge of 
General Sherman on the summits on the left, and the 
grand charge of General Thomas's corps in the center, 
up Missionary Ridge, and the capture of General Bragg's 
headcjuarters. 

The Forty-fourth boys, though they had before 
thought they had seen enough of battle at Fort Donel- 
son, Shiloh, Stone River, and Chickamauga, were rein- 
spired by the magnificent scene, and chafed ulider their 
new duties, and especially when they learned that their 
old brigade was one of the very first to scale the Ridge. 
Had they been with it, the banner of the Forty-fourth 
would undoubtedly have been planted once more on or 
near the very summit where it was two months before 
waved defiantly in the face of the enemy. 



106 VETERAN ORGANIZATION. 



CHAPTER XV. 

VETERAN ORGANIZATION. 

In December, 1863, the regiments of 1861 were 
offered extraordinary inducements to re-enlist. Each 
company and regiment was to be entitled a Veteran 
Organization, if three-fourths of their number should 
re-enlist, and the men re-enlisting were to receive four 
hundred dollars bounty and thirty days furlough. The 
matter was thoroughly discussed, and early in January, 
1864, each company commander reported that the 
requisite number of men had re-enlisted, and on the 
9th of January they were mustered in as veterans, and 
the Regiment became a veteran organization. The 
re enlisted men numbered two hundred and twenty. 
Nearly all the officers promised to remain with their 
men, but a number were mustered out at the expiration 
of their original enlistment 'in the ensuing November. 

The officers at the time of re-enlistment were : 

Lieuteuuiit-Colonel, S. C. Alilrieh. 
Major, .Joseph C. Hodges. 
Adjutant, Samuel E. Smith. 
Quarterma.ster, Samuel P. Bradford. 
Surgeon, John H. Rerick. 
Assistant Surgeon, George W. Carr. 

Co. A.— Captain, Josepli VV. Bureh. 

First liieutenant, Lewis W. Griffith. 
Second Lieutenant, Onius D. Seoville. 



VETERAN ORGANIZATION. lOT 

Co. B. — Captjiin, James S. Getty. 

First Lieutoiumt, George R. Murray. 

Co. C— Captain, Pliiiii) Griiiid. 

First Lieutenant, Sedgwick Livingston. 

Co. D.— Captain, George W. Schell. 

Second Ivieutenant, David K. Stoplier. 

Co. E. — Captain, William Hildebrand. 

First Lieutenant, Andrew J. Reed. 

Co. F.— First liieutenant, George H. Cosper. 

Co. G. — Captain, Edwin W. Matthews. 

First Lieutenant, James C. Riddle. 
Second Lieutenant, William H, Murray. 

Co. H. — Captain, Hiram F. King. 

First Lieutenant, Daniel P. Strecker. 

Co. I. — Captain, James F. Curtiss. 

First Lieutenant, David S. Belknap. 
Second Lieutenant, CuUen W. Green.; 

Co. K. — Cai)tain, John H. W^ilson. 

First Lieutenant, Eugene S. Aldricb. 
Second Lieutenant, Moses B. Willis. 

NON-C03tMISSIONKD STAFF. 

Hospital Steward, Charles A. Pardee. 
Sergeant Major, Willis P. Andrews. 
Quartermaster Sergeant, Samuel Havens. 
Commissary Sergeant, Bastian Shoup. 

Of tlie commissioned officers, Adjutant Smith, Cap- 
tains Getty, Schell, Hildebrand, Matthews and Wilson, 
First Lieutenants Reed, Biddle, Strecker, Belknap, Aid- 
rich, and Second Lieutenant McMurray, were mustered 
out at the expiration of their original enlistment, and 
did not properly become veterans. 

As soon as transportation could be furnished, the 
veteran portion of the Regiment and the officers started 



108 VETERAN OROANIZATION. 

for home, reaching Fort Wayne without accident on the 
last of January. Here, with orders to obtain as many 
recruits as possible, and to rendezvous at Kendallville 
March loth, all dispersed for. their homes. 

They met with a hearty reception from friends and 
neighbors. "Ah, ha, old worn-out soldier, is it you?" 
was realized to be more than a poetic fancy. In a 
number of places public receptions were given, and the 
veterans treated with feasting and music. 

At the date for return, the veterans promptly met at 
Kendallville, bringing with them some one hundred and 
fifty recruits, and on the next day started for Indian- 
apolis by way of Toledo. Upon reaching Toledo, the 
Regiment was very agreeably surprised to find a splen- 
did supper for them in waiting at the Island House. 
The Regiment was detained at Indianapolis from the 
1 2th to the i8th, when it again set out for the front, reach- 
in.g Nashville, Tennessee, on the 20th. Here the railroad 
to Chattanooga was found overburdened with troops 
being pushed to the front, and by returning veterans. 
A large number were required to move on on foot, the 
Forty-fourth being of the number. The line of march 
was taken up on the 23d of April, by way of Murfrees- 
boro, Tullahoma, Deckard, Manchester, Stevenson, to 
Bridgeport, which was reached in twelve days. Here 
transportation was provided, ami the Regiment was, in 
a few hours, in Chattanooga again, ready for whatever 
duty might be assigned. The non-veterans had re- 
mained here on detail duty during the absence of the 
veterans. 



POST 8Eli VICE. 



109 



CHAPTER XVI. 



POST SERVICK. 



In the reorganization of the Army of the Cumber- 
land under General Thomas, in April, 1864, (General 
James B. Sleedman was placed in command of the gar- 
rison of Chattanooga, and had assigned to him the first 
separate brigade, consisting of the 8th Kentucky Infan- 
try, the 15th, 29th, 44th, 51st, 68th Indiana Infantry, 
and the 3d and 24th Ohio Infantry, an engineer brigade, 
a pioneer brigade, eight colored regiments, and numer- 
ous batteries. 

Chattanooga was now the most important war center 
in the west, and was the point of concentration for the 
armies making ready to move southward under General 
Sherman, and was to be the base of supplies for all the 
movements then in hand. Whether it was more impor- 
tant and glorious to march on Atlanta or guard the base 
of operations and keep the communications open, was 
not for the Regiment to discuss, but that the services 
required were of grave ' importance and peril ouuid 
readily In; inferred from the assignment of one of the 
bcHl rif^hting generals to the\:ommand of the garrison, 
mid a number of the old and best fighting regiments to 
him. Tln^ Forty- fourth, on the loth of April, reliemj 



110 POST 8ER VICE. 

the 15th, regulars, and took their camp on the hillside 
facing tile town from the east, and resumed general 
guard duty. A number of the officers were detailed on 
courts-martial. In this capacity the officers and men 
served during the summer of 1864. 

Assistant-Surgeon Carr was in March promoted Sur- 
geon of the 129th Indiana, and moved with liis new 
command to the front. Dr. Edward B. Speed, of La- 
grange, Indiana, a good physician antl an estimable 
man, was appointed to the vacancy in July, but fell 
sick soon afier his arrival, a misfortune which was 
due, in part, to a railroad accident on his way. He 
was taken to the officers' hospital on Lookout Moun- 
tain, where the best care and treatment possible in tiie 
army was provided, but he died September 15th. He 
never had an op])ortunity to get acquainted wiili many 
of the Regiment, but in his sickness had the sympathy 
of all, and the officers, upon his death, had his body 
embalmed at their expense and sent home. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Aldrich was in poor health all 
summer. Early in August he obtained a furlough and 
went home for the benefit of his health, but in a few 
days after reaching there he was suddenly taken worse, 
and died August 15th. His death was much lamented. 
He was a brave man, a good disciplinarian, and took 
great pride in the good appearance and discipline of 
his men. He had commanded the Regiment from 
Stone River to the day of his leave, except when tempor- 
arily absent on some other duty. He was commissioned 
Colonel in July, 1863, but could never be mustered as 



POST SERVICE. W1 

such owing to the reduced number of men in tlie Regi- 
ment. 

The command now fell upon Major Josepii C. Hodges, 
who in a few days was mustered in as Lieutenant-Col- 
onel. Early in September, when rebel General Hood 
turned his army northward, the whole line of communi- 
cation from Atlanta to Nashville was roused into great 
activity. General Forrest crossed the Tennessee in the 
vicinity of Decatur, Alabama, September 20th, and at 
once advanced on Athens and the railroad communica- 
tions with Nashville. General Steedman was ordered 
to send out troops to protect the line, and on the 2Sth 
the Forty-fourth, witli other regiments, started north- 
ward on the railroad. The Regi.nent was carried on a 
train of freight cars, and moving slowly, reached Tulla- 
homa about midnight. When within about three miles 
of this place. Lieutenant- Colonel Hodges, while walk- 
ing on the cars looking after his command, by some 
accidental misstep fell between the cars and was run 
over by part of the train. His right knee and thigh 
were crushed into shreds. The train was stopped, he 
was taken up, put in a car, and carried to the hospital 
at Tullahoma, where his thigh was amputated near the 
hip joint. He never rallied from the operation, and 
died before morning. His sudden and untimely death 
was a severe shock to his command, by whom he was 
much respected for his bravery and devotion to the best 
interests of his men. The Regiment had now lost two 
Lieutenant Colonels and an assistant surgeon within less 
than forty ilays. 

The command now fell upon Major James F. Curtiss, 
who was soon after promoted Lieutenant- Colonel. The' 



112 POST SEh VICE. 

Regiment lay at Tullahonia until October 2(1, when it, 
witli a number of other regiments, was ordered to rejwrt 
at once to General Rousseau, at Nashville, where it 
arrived that niglit, and before morning was mounted. 
Day dawned upon an insjpiring scene, which, though, 
possessed some ridiculous and amusing features. Gen- 
eral Rousseau, with some eight tliousand cavalry, light 
artillery and mounted infantry, was moving rapiilly 
southward on the Franklin pike, presenting, at first 
sight, a grand line. A little closer view, though, along 
the line of mounted infantry, revealed a fountain of 
material for the comic artist and humorist. The streets 
of the city and the corrals in the vicinity had been 
stripped of everything in the shape of a horse ; the 
lame, the halt, and the blind had been gathered up for • 
the expedition, and the Forty-fourth was especially 
unfortunate in the lot assigned it, being among the last 
to arrive. Men were mounted who had not been in 
the saddle for years, and some never. Many were on 
horses that could not be forced into a trot, and some 
not even into a walk. A number of horses were aban- 
doned at the start, and the others as fast as the boys 
could find somebody to trade with. The trading was 
decidedly one-sided, but so poor was the country in 
horses at that time that no advantage could be obtained 
even in that way. Before starting on this trip, it may 
be remarked that after arrival at Chattanooga, while on 
duty in the dark— and it was very dark — Lieutenant 
Strecker, Company H, fekl into a deep cut in the rail- 
road, and was severely injured ; and that just at this 
time, the State election in Indiana was pending, in 



POST SERVICE. 113 

which every soldier was deeply interested, as upon its 
decision depended the re-election of their best friend in 
the State, Governor Morton. It was also a time Gen- 
eral Thomas had good reason for being relieved of all 
disabled men. The opportunity was a rarely good one 
for the soldier to get home to vote, and Lieutenant 
Strecker and several others of the Regiment unfit for 
mounted service, who were left behind, were soon being 
whirled northward. Strecker reached his home about 
an hour before the closing of the polls, and did his 
duty. 

The Forty- fourth was assigned to Colonel Grosvenor's 
brigade of the expedition, with the surgeon of the Regi- 
ment as brigade surgeon. The first day, October 3d, 
the expedition marched to Franklin, twenty-one miles; 
October 4th, to Stone House, four miles south of Colum- 
bia ; October 5th, to the vicinity of Lawrenceburg, 
twenty-six miles; October 6th, to Blue Creek, twenty - 
eight miles; October 7th, to Florence, Alabama, ajid 
thence down the river four miles to Cypress Mills. Here 
we came upon some of the rear guard of Forrest's com- 
mand. Had a slight skirmish, killing one rebel. Octo- 
ber 8th, marched out seven miles on the Savannah road ; 
returned and marched four miles out on the Waterloo 
road ; October 9th, marched about ten miles on the 
Waterloo road, and then countermarched to Cypress 
Mills. The enemy had safely escaped across the Ten- 
nessee River. October loth, nth. and 12th, in bivouac 
and foraging. In this expedition General Rousseau had 
to depend wholly upon the country for forage, and in 
part for rations for the men. The rebel forces had just 



V 

•» 

i 



114 POST SER VICE. 

advanced and then retreated over the same country, 
living in like manner off of it. There were some most 
distressing scenes of poverty and misery seen. The 
people were literally stripped of all the provender and 
provisions they had in the world, and were, in many 
cases, apparently not left with enough to maintain life 
until they could flee to sections of the country not 
passed over by the two armies. 

October 13, marched on the return to within three 
miles of Athens, Alabama, making a distance of forty- 
eight miles. Went in bivouac at midnight, and arose 
at four o'clock in the morning, marched to Athens, 
turned over the horses, and at midniglil took train for 
Chattanooga, arriving there in the afternoon, October 
15th. The Regiment had been out nineteen days, and 
had traveled two hundred and eighty miles by railroad 
and two hundred miles on horseback. The men were 
satisfied with mounted service. 

Cliattanooga was now again the scene of much activ- 
ity. Rebel General Hood had flanked General Sherman 
at Atlanta, and was now striking his line of communi- 
cation at various points, and advancing towards Cliatta- 
nooga. General Tiiomas was concentrating all his 
forces as fast as possible at Chattanooga and [joints 
along the line. But Hood, when he reached La Fay- 
ette, turned westward, indicating his intention of invad- 
ing Tennessee west of the Cumberland Range. General 
Sherman quickly reopened his lines, received his final 
equipments, and set out from Atlanta on his march to 
the sea. Thomas moved all the troops that could j)os- 
sibly be spared from East Tennessee, around to Bridge- 



i 



POST SERVICE. , 110 

port, Stevenson, Tullahoma, and finally to Nashville, 
where he made his final stand against Hood. 

During November, the non-veterans of the Regi- 
ment having served three years, the term of enlistment, 
were mustered out, and early in December eleven com- 
missioned officers also. The latter had entered the ser- 
vice as enlisted men for three years, and had since been 
promoted, and could not be held longer than their 
original enlistment, unless they had chosen to be so 
under the veteran enlistments. Only three of the orig- 
inal officers now remained : Lieutenant-Colonel Curtiss, 
Captain Grund, and Surgeon Rerick ; 5.nd only about 
two hundred of the original men. On the 17th of 
November the Regiment was recruited by two hundred 
drafted men, and on the 20th by two hundred more, 
nearly all from the southern part of Indiana. These, 
with the previous volunteer recruits, gave the Regiment 
a numerical strength of some eight hundred. 

During the last days of November, General Steed- 
man was ordered to hasten to Nashville with all avail- 
able forces that could be spared. Chattanooga was so 
shorn oi troops that all the citizens and sojourners were 
ordered to be enrolled as " Civic Guards," to assist in 
the protection of the post, should their services be 
needed. The front was now changed from the South 
to the North, from Atlanta to Nashville, and communi- 
cations with the new front were cut about the first of 
December, and for about three weeks we were without 
news from the North, or from Nashville, even. They 
were wearisome and somewhat anxious days. Disaster 
at Nashville would iiave been disaster at Chattanooga, 



116 POST SERVICE. 

and the loss of all that had been achieved in Kentucky, 
Tennessee, and of nearly all in the South-west. The new 
line would again have been the Ohio River, as at the 
beginning of the war. There was, probably, no more 
critical day in the whole war than the day General 
Thomas moved out from Nashville to attack Hood. 
General Grant's telegrams to Thomas show that he felt 
keenly the immense issues at stake. He had even started 
to Nashville to superintend the battle himself, but upon 
reaching Washington he was intercepted by a telegram 
announcing the great victory — great not only in valor, 
but in saving what had been attained in the South-west, 
and virtually ending the war in that part of the Union. 
There was no engagement of any magnitude after this, 
west of the Alleghany Mountains. Communications 
were opened on the 24th of December, and the soldiers 
at Chattanooga made glad by the receipt of a month's 
accumulated mail, and the "Civic Guards" pleased 
by a release from military restraints and prospective 
service. 



1865 Ay I) HOME. 117 



CHAPTER XVII. 

i86s AND HOME. 

Early in January, 1865, the troops at Chattanooga 
were re-brigaded, the Forty-fourth being assigned to the 
2d Brigade, ist Separate Division of the Army of the 
Cumberland. The Regiment had now to assist in picket 
duly, as well as post duty. On the 29th of January the 
Forty- fourth was hastily moved by railroad to Athens, 
Tennessee, to repel a raid on that place, but upon 
reaching there found the raiders had already been 
repelled, and the Regiment returned the next day. On 
the way back, two cars of the train were thrown off the 
track by the spreading of the rails, killing Samuel A. 
Baker, Co. E, and severely wounding five others. 

And again, at midnight, February 4th, the Regiment 
was aroused, rushed to the depot, and put on board a 
train for Altowah, fifteen miles distant, to repel a raid 
of guerrillas, but returned the next day without having 
a sight at them. This was the last call on the Regi- 
ment to face the enemy during the rebellion. 

The news of the fall of Fort Sumter and capture of 
Charleston, reached Chattanooga February 22d, and 
was the occasion of great rejoicing. The heavy guns 
in the forts, and the field guns were fired, a score of 
engines at the depot blew their whistles, and the men 
screamed until hoarse or exhausted. The improvised 



118 ISO 5 A^^I) HOME. 

windows in the soldiers' "shanties," and many even 
in the more solid structures, were shattered by the con- 
cussion of the air. The best things in the soldiers' 
larders, and some things that had not got there before, 
were prepared for supper, and feasting and joy were 
unbounded. 

On March 17th, Lieutenant-Colonel Curtiss was pro- 
moted and mustered in as Colonel, Captain Grund as 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Captain Burch, Co. A, as Major, 
and Isaac N. Plummer, a regularly educated physician 
who had been drafted into the service at Evansville, 
Lidiana, and was among the four hundred drafted men 
received in November before, and who had been recom- 
mended by tlie Surgeon, with the approval of the 
Colonel, for promotion to Assistant Surgeon, and com- 
missioned by the Governor, was also mustered in, April 
8th. . 

The rejoicings of the Regiment over the surrender of 
Lee, and the grief over the assassination of President Lin- 
coln, the writer did not witness, being at the time absent 
on leave. The men became quite anxious for a muster 
out after the surrender of the great rebel armies, but 
had to await the result of the predictions of guerrilla 
warfare, the adjustment of many war questions, and the 
disposition of the immense amount of army property 
accumulated. During the month of May thousands of i 
rebels came into the post, surrendered, and returned to ' 
their homes. They brought with them a considerable 
amount of silver coin, which they largely si)ent in jjtir- 
chases, putting in circulation a currency that had not 
been seen before by Union soldiers since the oj^ening of 



1865 AND HOME. 119 

the war. An exchange of greenbacks at the rate of 
$1.25 for a silver dollar was made, until almost every 
Union soldier had a silver piece which was claimed to 
be one of the identical dollars the Confederates iiad 
stolen from the United States mint at New Orleans. 

In June, one hundred and fifty of the drafted men 
were mustered out. General Steedman was relieveil of 
command at Chattanooga about the first of July, and 
assigned to the command of the department of Georgia, 
with headquarters at Augusta. Captain Bradford, C'o. 
H, who had served on his staff since the first assign- 
ment of the General to the Post, went with him, accom- 
panied by his wife, who bad come to her husband when 
the Regiment lay at McMinnvilte, in July, 1863, and 
had accompanied him on horseback in the march to 
(^hickamauga, sharing the soldier's fare of her husband 
nearly all the time since. 

The Forty-fourth, under the new arrangements, was 
assigned to the District of East Tennessee, and required 
to report by letter to General A. C. Gillam, command- 
ing at Knoxville. About the middle of July the troops 
leit in East Tennessee were formed into two brigades, 
composed each of white and colored regiments. The 
second brigade consisted of the 44th Indiana Infantry, 
the nth Michigan Infantry, and the i6th, i8th, 42d 
and 44th United States Colored Infantry, with Colonel 
Johnson, of the 44th U. S. C. I., in command. The 
Surgeon of the 44th Indiana was detailed on his staff as 
Brigade Surgeon, and Caiitain M. B. Willis, Co. K, as 
Inspector General. ^ 

The " spotted brigade " arrangement was the occa- 
sion of much joking and amusement, but much of it 



120 18G5 AND HOME. 

not SO merry as to hide the deep-seated prejudice of the 
white soldiers to such close relations with the colored 
race. This prejudice was fully developed in a few days, 
when the guard detail was required to form in line with 
guard details from the colored regiments, at guard 
mounting. Men who had passed through nearly four 
years' service, and readily obeyed every order in battle, 
on march, and in camp, now hesitated to form in line 
with colored men, and obey the orders of white officers 
of colored regiments. They actually stacked arms, vol- 
untarily surrendered themselves, and with their Lieu- 
tenant in charge, who surrendered his sword, submitted 
to be marched off to the guard-house under a colored 
guard, and there be guarded by colored soldiers. The 
citizens took side with the white soldiers, and many 
seemed ready to fan up a general disturbance. But this 
was readily averted. Colonel Curtiss at once called 
upon the brigade commander, and they upon the Pro- 
vost Commandant, and all visited the men. They were 
released after a few hours' detention, and the next day 
guard mounting was gone through in regular form, the 
white details being formed untler their own officer, on 
the same line with the colored detail, though at a 
"respectable distance." 

This event, though showing considerable inconsis- 
tency and prejudice, nevertheless marked much progress 
on the part of white soldiers in their regard for the 
colored race. When they first entered the service they 
would not have accorded freedom to the slave ; now 
they respected their freedom, and their right and privi- 
lege of serving the same country as soldiers, but had 



13G5 AND HOME. 



121 



not yet advanced to the point where they would not feel 
that there would be an odious equality in forming in 
line with them in peaceful guard mounting. Had they 
been forming a line of battle, there would have been no 
objection. Patriots can, in the face of peril and death, 
forget the prejudices that may rule them on fancy parade 
in times of peace. 

During the month of July, one hundred and fifty 
more of the drafted men were mustered out. In August 
the "grapevine" dispatches began to thicken fist of 
a probable early muster-out, and the officers began to 
prepare their papers for the earnestly hoped-for event. 
The Surgeon, after an examination of all his medical 
reports since the Regiment entered the service, made, 
at the time, a summary as follows : 

Died of (li.seasv^ ojo 

Died of wounds, .C 

Killed on the field, ^.'.\.. 39 

Wliole number of deatlis, 277 

Whole number killed and wounded'." 3-50 
Of these, twelve were commissioned officers, and two 
hundred and sixty-five enlisted men. Two officers were 
killed on the field, two died of wounds, one from rail- 
road injury, and five of disease. 

Died with the comnmnd in camp or in Regi- 
mental Hospital, ^^ 53 

Died in Cienerul Hosi,ital, or at home^J.'."' 180 
Killed in the field as above, ^.j 

Total, _^ ~ 

There was but one death from disease in Regimental 
Hospital or camp quarters after August ist, 1S63. There 



I 



122 iSOr, AND HOME. 

were some one thousand five hundred and fifty men 
altogether in the command, exclusive of about three 
hundred from the 68th and 7 2d Indiana, assigned to it 
a few weeks before muster cut. The recruits received 
were: Fifty in the fall of 1862; one hundred and forty 
in the spring of 1S64; four hundred drafted men and 
substitutes in November, 1864 ; three hundred and sixty 
men, detachments of the 68th and 72(1 Indiana Regi- 
ments. Of the recruits, one was killed, and forty died 
of disease. This leaves the casualties of the original j 
officers and men at two hundred and thirty- five, or 
about twenty-four per centum. 

The distance traveled by the Regiment during its 
service, on foot, on horse, by boat, and by railroad, 
including return home on veteran furlough, was about 
five thousand miles. About fifteen hundred miles of 
the distance was marched on foot. 

Adjutant General Terrell's report shows the total num- 
ber belonging to the Regiment to have been twenty-two 
hundred and three. But in this he counts the veterans 
twice, as original enlisted men and again as enlisted 
veterans, and also a large number of unassigned recruits. 

The welcome order of relief from further duty as 
soldiers came September 3d, and on the 6th the Regi- 
ment boarded a train for Nashville, reaching there on 
the 7th. The Chattanooga Gazette, in noticing the 
departure of the Regiment, said : 

" Tlio onieor.s and nie'n of the 4lth Indiunii V. V. I. 
have, tluring their stay in tlii.s city, won the resj)eet and 
admirat on of the eitizens tiis a brave ami well disei- 



124 18G5 AND HOME. 

been the longest service in the field of any medical 
officer from the State, with possibly one exception. 

As soon as payment was made ?t Indianapolis, the 
Regiment disbanded, every man returning to his liome, 
where he at once donned the garb and assumed the 
duties of the private citizen. 

The flirewell address of General Grant in June, 1865, 
to the x\rmies of the United States, being as largely 
applicable to the Forty-fourth Indiana as any other 
regiment in the service of the Union, and being a 
tribute wortliy the remembrance of every ex-soldier and 
loyal citizen, will summarize and close our record : 

" SOLDIKKS OK TllK AUMIES OF THE UNITED STATES : 

By your patriotic devotion to your country in the 
hour of danger and alarm, your niagnitieent ligliting, 
bravery and endunuiee, you have maintained the 
supremacy of the Union and the Constitution, over- 
thrown ail armed opposition to the enforcement of the 
laws, and of the proclamation forever abolishing slavery 
— the cause and pretext of the rebellion — and oj)ened 
the way to the rightful authorities to restore onler and 
inaugurate peace on a permanent and enduring basis on 
every foot of American soil. 

Your marches, sieges and l)attles, in distance, dura- 
tion, resolution and brilliancy of result dim tlie lustre 
of the world's i)ast military achievements, and will be 
the patriotic precedent in defense of liberty and right 
in all time to couie. 

In obedience to your country's call, you left your 
homes and families, and volunteered in its defense. 
Victory has crowned your valor and secured tlie pur- 
pose of your patriot hearts; and with the gratitude of 
your countrymen and the highest honors a great and 



1865 AND HOME. 



125 



free nation can accord, you will soon be permitted to 
return to your homes and families, conscious of having 
discharged the liigliest duty of American citizens. To 
achieve these glorious triumphs and secure to your- 
selves, your fellow-countrymen and posterity the bless- 
ings of free institutions, tens of thousands of your 
gallant comrades have fallen, and sealed the priceless 
legacy of their lives. The graves of these a grateful 
nation bedews with tears, honors their memories, and 
will ever cherish and support their stricken families." 



FmiMy'Nmli^MEMiom 



''^'\.^'"'^f^^'^' 






i 



■4 



PERSONAL MHNTION. 



FIELD AND S^rAl'l-^ OFFICKHS. 



THE COLONELS. 



CoLONKf; lluciir B. Ri:i;d i.s u native of Ohio, and 
stiulied Ibr tlie meilical profession in Cincinnati, wiu-re 
he afterward engaged in tile drug business. In LStl lie 
moved to Fort Wayne, and at tiie breal^ing out of tiie war 
was eondueting an extensive wholesale and retail busi- 
ness as a druggist. He answered tlie first call of the Gov- 
ernment for troojis by aiding in raising and organizing 
the 12tli Regiment of Indiana V^olunteers, and when u 
camp was ordered at Fort Wayne for the organization 
of the ;^()tli and 14tii Reginu-nts, he was placed in com- 
mand of the camp l)y Governor INIorton ; and as soon as 
the first was organized, and enough for the second regi- 
ment Avas assured, was commissioned Colonel of the 
44th. He led it as coolly and bravely as a troop was 
ever letl, in tlie battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloi), to 
which reference is more fully maiie in the description 
of those battles. He commamled tlie Regiment in the 
advance on Corinth, and in the marcli from there to 
Booneville, Miss., ami thence to Tuscumliiu, Athens, 
Stevenson, Ala., and to JJattle Creek, Tenn. Up to this 
time he had not been absent a day from his command. 

9 



]3() FIELD ANIJ STAFF. 

Here he was granted a short leave of abseiiee, hut re- 
joined the llegiinent soon after it liad cro.s?ied tlie ('iiiu- 
herhiiid Mountains upon tlie liuell and Hrag;^ foot-rare, 
and was willi it, most of tlie time, in tlie tiresome mareii 
to Nashville, Louisville, I'errysville, Wild ('at, and haek 
to Nashville. His health was mueh inipairrd in the 
serviee, and he resigned, Novemher lili, 1SG2, and at the 
elose of the war, to |)romote his health, moved to the 
East, and now resides at tSomerville, N. J., In the viein- 
ity of New York. 

C()I,()m;i, Wii-LiAM ('. Wir.J>iAM.s is a native of 
Pennsylvania; jceeived a classical and medical educa- 
tion, and was, at the breaking out of the war, a practic- 
ing physician at AlbitMi, Noble county, Indiana. Jle 
entered the service as Cai)tain of Company (}, which 
he helped to recruit. With Com|)anies (« and K he was 
in command of the i*ost at Henderson, ICy., from Jan- 
uary to the middle of March, LS(ii', rejoined the ]{egi- 
ment with his command on its way uj) the Tennessee 
River to Pittsburg Landing, letl his company in the 
battle of Shiloh, and thence in all the maiches until 
promoteil Colonel to till the vacancy occasioned by 
the resignation of Colonel Jleed, November l!7, 1802. 
He led the Regiment in the battle of >Slone l{iver, 
where, on the third day, in the furious charge of (Jen- 
eral IJreckenridge on the left, he was captured, and after- 
wards sent to Ijibby Prison. After several months' 
detention there he was exchangeil, and returned t(; the 
Regiment at McMinnvilie, Tenn., where he was re- 
ceived with much joy liy the Regiment. Resigned 
July :i7, iHti.'i. iSince the war he has lilled the ollice of 
Clerk of his county two terms, and now resides at 
Albion, Indiana. 

CoiiONKi. HiiMiioN (-. Ai.DHK'ii was a native of Ver- 
mont; went to California in l.SGO, and returned to his 
home at Pleu.'^ant Lake, JSteuben county, Indiana, .Sep- 



FIELD A.XD UTAFI-'. 131 

teniber Ist, ISUl, and in a few days ooiniuenced to assist 
in recruiting C'()nii)any K ; \v;is elected First Lieutenant, 
but was soon proniuteil to (.'aptain, and leii tiie Company 
in the battle of Sliiloli. \Vas promoted to Lieutenant- 
Colonel, November 1^7, ISOli, eonnnanded tlie lleginient 
from January '2, 1H&2, and led it tlirou^h the Liattle of 
CliicUamauya. In this battle, after tiie lines were 
broken, and the biigade anil division scattered, lie led 
the Forty-fourth, without orders, except the sound of 
artillery showing where hei'oes were needed, to the left, 
coming to the aid of (General Marker's line, in General 
Thomas's command, at a most critical moment, anil 
rendered a service that won I'oi' him and the Regiment 
flattering comments from (Jenerals Thomas, Wood, and 
Harker, who were eye-witnesses. He found his brigaile 
and division after the battle. As soon as the army fell 
back to Chattanooga, he was sent out with the 44th and 
the L'Uh Ohio Volunteers (o ^lissionary llitlge, to ob- 
serve and retard the approach of the enemy, and here 
had a brisk skirmish. Noveujber 8th, 18(Jo, he was 
api)ointed Provost-Marshal of (Mnittanooga, and the 
Ilegiment i)laced on Post duty, lie tilled the duties of 
Provost- Marshal until the Ilegiment ie-enli.'~teti, ^\•hen 
he accompanied the vi'terans home, and returned with 
them to Chattanooga, and was in comnnmd of the Ilegi- 
ment until early in August, 180.), when he was gianted 
leave of absence on account of ill-health. A few ilays 
after he leached Innne he was suddenly taken wor.se, 
and died, August lo, 18(».'{. lie was commissioned as 
Colonel, July L'7, bS()3, but owing to the reduced number 
of men in the Ilegiment, could never be mustereil In as 
such. 

CoiiONKi. Jamks F. CuiiTiss was a jeweler bj- trade; 
resided at iOlkhart; entereil tlie service as .Second lieu- 
tenant of Company I ; was i»romoted i-i'lrst ijieuteuant 
January 18, 18!i:*; Caiitain, March 21, 1803; commis-ioneil 



1B2 FIKLD AXn STAFF. 

IMajor, Auj,'ust23, ISG,'}, but was not imi.steml as sucli ; 
proinoted T.ieutt'iian t-Coloiicl, .Scjitciiiber -IH, ISdJ, and 
Colonel, March 12, IHor), and was iiuisteml out with the 
Kcginient. He was with the Jiegiiueut in all its 
niarehes and battles, froni the lirst to the last day of its 
service. His bravery was noted in all the battles, and 
especially c.onii)liniented by his conmiander at Chicka- 
niau<ia. Jle returned after the war to Klkhart, and a 
lew years after went from there to Northern Michigan 
and entered a soldier's homestead, but while working 
on it, one day, suddenly tiled. 



THE LIEUTENANT-COLONELS. 

IilKUT10NANT-C()lA)Ni;i>SANI'(»I{l) J. iStoUGJITON Was 

at the opening of tlu' war an uttorney-at-law, in active 
practice at IJgonier, Noble County. He was commis- 
sioned Major, .September 12, IKOI, for the organization of 
the Forty-fourth llegiment, and rendered active and 
etllcient aid in recruiting its ranks. He served bravely 
in the battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh, and was 
with the llegiment in the advance on Corinth and in 
the march to liattle Creek, Louisville, and back to 
Nashville. He was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel, 
INIarch 10, 1HIJ2, and to Colonel of the lUOtli Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, November 12, 18(i2, where he 
served until January 7th, LS(i4, when he resigned. He 
is now u resident of CKtowa, Kansas. 

LiKUTENANT-CoLONia. Hi.MKoN C. Auniicii. See 

"COLONKJ^S." 

IjllOUTKNANT-Coi.ONEr. JosJOI'II C. IIoiJClKS Was U 

resident of Elkhart, assisted in the organizUiou of 
Comi)any I, and was elecled First Lieutenant, which 
position he held until INIay, 1802, wlien he was pro- 
moted Adjutant. He was i)romoted Major, October 24, 



FIELD Ayi) HTaFF. 



183 



ISOa, jiiul Lieutenant-Colonel, Aii-inst lo, \m\. \W died 
n-oiii tiie elil'L-t.s of ;i niilroaa ae(;i<leMt near Tullahoiua, 
Tenn., September 28, ]H(i4, as more fully noted in tlij 
inecedinj,^ jKi-es. lie participated in all the movements 
and battles of the Ke-iment from the first day of its 
entrance into the service imtil the honr of hij death. 
He was brave as a lion, and too impulsive to witness 
cowardice without burning indi-^nation. An instance 
of the latter occurred when the Uegiment was march- 
ing out to engage the enemy at Shiioli, on the morning 
of April Gth. General J'rentiss' division had been sui- 
prised and routed, and detachments of it were fleeing 
back as the Regiment nuirched out. A stampeded Col- 



exclaiming, 



onel came dashing along to the rear, 
"We're whipped, we're whipped; we're all cut T(') 
pieces ! " Lieutenant Hodges was marching along with 
liis company, but his wrath boiling over, he rushed from 
the line, caught the cowardly Colonel's liorse by ihe 
bridle, at the same time drawing his revolver, and 

exclaimed: "You cowardly wretch, utter 'those 

words again and you are a dead man! You infernal 
coward, have you no more sense than to try and demor- 
alize trooj.s going into action? (Jo to the rear, you 
coward, l)ut don't open your head on the way." The 
trembling coward did not resent, but it was noticed he 
rode at a more m..derate gait, and it is supposed was 
somewhat more reileclive. 

LikutknantColoniol J.v.^fKs F. CuRTiss. .Sec un- 
der " Colon Ki.H." 

LiKUTKNANT-Coi,()Ni:i, PuH.ii. (iuijND Was a fore- 
man in the railroad shojis at Fert Wayne; assisted in 
recruiting Company C, entering the service as Secoml 
Lieutenant of that Co.npany ; was j^romoted to Fi.st 
Lieutemmt, January L'O, lS(i;{ ; Captain, June 11, Lsii,!, 
and Lieutenant-Colonel, March li', bSlM, and was' m us- 



134 FIELD AXD STAFF. 

teredVjut with the Ileginient, serving with it (hiring its 
entire service, i)artit'ii>iiting in all its marches and bat- 
tles. After the war he retnrned to Fort AVayne, and re- 
sumed his old position in the shops, whieh he 3'et holds. 



THE MAJORS. 
Majou Sanfokd J. Stououton. See " Likutkn- 

ANT COLOXKI.S." 

1MA.70R AVii:i.iAM B. Bingham i.s a native of Ohio; 
served with an Ohio regiment in the war with Mexico; 
was a resident of Lagrange; assisted in recruiting Coni- 
panj' H, and several companies in Lagrange county ; 
entered the service as Captain of ('om])any II, and for 
gallantry at Fort Donelson was jiromotcd jNIajor, April 
lo, 1H(J2. Was in command of the Begiment at JJaltle 
Creek, and on the march from that i)oint to near Bowl- 
ing (Jreen, Ky., when he resigned, iSeptemher 7, 18(L', 
on ac(H)unt of recurrence of chronic diarrhcea, contracted 
in the jSTexican war. lie returned to his home at La- 
grange, where he now resides. 

INIa.joh CiiAULios F. KiNNKV resided near INfetz, 
Steuben county; assisted in organizing Company A, of 
which company he wascdiosen Captain. He was as rank- 
ing Captain in command of the Begiment while in the 
vicinity of Nashville, and was commissionetl Major 
November '11, IHiii', but declined to muster as such, and 
resigned. Ife was a worthy, exemplary man and good 
olHcer, and by >eniorily entitled to ])romotion to the 
Colonelcy at the tijue. After his return home he moved 
to Angola, where he died a few years after. 

^L\.lol{ ^^'ll-LlA■'\l M. Mii,ks was a resident of Tiuli- 
aiiapolis, and was promoted to Major from alicuhiiancy 
in the L'lM Indiana Volunteers, to give him rank on 




WILLIAM B. BINGHAM, 

MAJOR, 



FIELD AND STAFF. 135 

Goiu'nvl R()secriuis' stall", where ho was serving. He 
never servi'il with tiie lleginieiit, and was soon cluinj^ed 
from the roster of the Forty-fourlh, bein^c i)roiii(it((l 
again, in his own regiment. He tlied at Indianapolis 
in Ajjril, LSSU. 

Major Josici'ir C. Hodgics. See " Likutknant- 

COI-ONKL.S." 

Major Jamks K. Curtis.s. See " Coi,(>nki,.s." 

ISIajor JosKi'ii W. ]}UR('ii was a resident of Steuben 
county; entered tlie service as a private of Comjiany A ; 
served some timeas Hospital Steward; was jn-onioti'd lo 
Second Lieutenant. March 1, ISU.'i, Captain, June H, 
18(53, anil Major, March lli, l.Sti."), and was mustered out 
with the liegiment. He now resides in AUnuesota. 

THE ADJUTANTS. 

Ad.futant Chaklks Ca.sk was a resident of Fort 
Wayne, and prominent as a lawyer and politician. Had 
served the Tentii Congressional District one term in 
Congress, his term expiring March 4, ISUl. He felt it 
his duty to serve the country in the tield, and was will- 
ing to a(.'cep( any position at tiie time open. Not only 
his, but the heart of the whole conunaml, res])onded lo 
the sentiment of the poet : 

" To li'^'ht 
III a Just cause, aiul lor our country's !,'l(jry, 
Is tlie Ijosl ollicc ol' tlic Ixst nicii ; 
.\nil to dci-liiii', wln'ii ilii'sc iiiotivos urge, 
Is iufaniy bcneatli a cowanl's Ijascuoss." 

He was commissioned Adjutant, September 2S, bSOl ; 
was promotetl Major of the ."id Cavalry, April 1"), l.siii'; 
resigni'd in June, lH(i2; was appointed Colonel of the 
l:2!)th Indiana X'olnnteers, JNIarch 1, ISiil. designed in 
June, iSlil, to acce])t ai)pointment as I'ayniaster in the 



186 FIELD AND STAFF. 

army. Wlieii last licai'd from, lio was i)racticiu<^- law in 
(he IJiiitc'd States Supreme ('oiirt, at Wasliin^lou. 

Adjutant Jamics Coj.cjkovk entered the service 
IVoni DeKall) eoiinty, as Seeond J^ieult'uant of Coni- 
paiiy F. AVas promoted Adjutant, January 10, 1N(J2, 
and resigned May '11, ISti^. lie now resides in (Miieago. 

Adjutant Jo.skimi C. Hoixjks. See " I^iuitknaiNT- 
Cor-()Xi:i,s." 

Adj utant Samltioi. E. Smith was a resident of Elk- 
hart; had hoen a student in the Miehigan University; 
entered the servieo as a private of Company I ; ser\ed 
some time as Ser<j;eant-]NraJor ; was jironioted Adjutant, 
Novemher 14, iSli;!, and was mustere<l out at tiu' exjiira- 
tion of his tiiree years' enlistment, lie is now a resi- 
dent of {'alifornia. 

Adjutam' Willls p. Andhkws entered the service 
as u private of Company F; sueeeeded Smith as Ser- 
geaut-JMajor ; re-enlisted as a veteran, and was pro- 
moted Adjutant, April 11, KSO"), and \\ as mustered out 
with tile Ke;;iment, Septe/nlu'r 14, 1SU5. lie is now 
l)ractieing' medicine in Miciiigan. 



THE QUARTERMASTERS. 

("Jiooufji'; W. Mi't'oNNiCM. was a merchant iind land 
dealer at Angola; took an active interest in the oigan- 
ization of the Hegimeiit ; was commissioneil (^uarter- 
masler Sejttemher i!S, l,S(;ii ; resigned January ;>, ISli.'!, on 
ac<;ount of disai)ility. He returned to Ins husiness at 
Angola, where he still resides. 

^I.vu(iiMS L. Hayms.s was a resident of Fort Wayne; 
WHS ai)pointed (^luirtermaster, Eehruary 4, isiii! ; was 
with the Kegiment at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and Cor- 



FIELD AND STAFF. 



137 



iiith. At the latter point lie wjih taken siek, was given 
I leave ol" aljsence, and died at his home in Fort Wayne, 

! July, isfJii. 

.SAiiiJi;L P. liKADFouD was a resident of Iia,i;range 
county; entered the service as a private of Coni\)any 
H; served some time us Wagon- Master, and then as 
Commissary-Sergeant, and after the illness of (iiiarter- 
master Jiayliss, jjerlormed the labor of (Quartermaster, 
although eommissioned ollieers who only eould ollicially 
■act as such, nominally held tiie place. Was eommis- 
sioned (Quartermaster, February 21, 1.S08, and Captain 
of Company H, January Ki, lS(io. lie was detailed as 
Chief (Quartermaster on the staff of (Jeneral Steedman 
in the spring of Istil, and went with that (Jeneral as a 
member of his stall" to Augusta, (ieorgia, in July, lS(i.'), 
and was not present at the muster-out of the Regiment. 
He was not finally discharged until by special order of 
(^Jeneral (Jiant, November, 1808, though only in pay 
from the (jlovernment some fifty days alter the muster- 
out of the Regiment, lie is now a resident of Lagrange, 
tilling the ollice oi' Clerk of the Lagrange Circuit Court, 
to which he was elected in 187(). 

LiKUTKNAXT A LKX.ViNDiou KiNMONT vvas a resident 
of DeKalb county ; entered the service as a private of 
Company F; was promoted iSergeant ; re-enlisted as a 
veteran ; was promoted First Lieutenant June ,{, 18()4, 
and Ciuartermaster January 17, I8(i), and was mustered 
out with the Regiment September 14, 18Gj, serving with 
and sharing all the murches and battles of the Regi- 
ment. 



THE CHAPLAINS. 

IlKV. Okoucik W. Bki'.ks was educated for the pro- 
fession of medicine, which lie practiced s(»me year.>, and 
tlieii cnteretl the ^lethodist minislry. At the lireaking 



138 FIELD Ay I) STAFF. 

out of tlio war he was pastor of one of tlie Methodist 
KpiseojiMl ehurchis at Fort AVayiie, and held in liigli 
esteem hy that denomination, lie was eomnjissioned 
Cluiplain Novemher 2"), ISIil, went to the fiont witli tlie 
Regiment, and rendered some valuable service for the 
wounded at Fort Donelson. llesigned December 1st, 
1802. He died in 1879. 

llKv. Isaac F. Roijekts was an Episcopalian clergy- 
man, resident in the soutliern })art of the State, and 
was commissioned Cliajilain January 10, l.SG.S, and re- 
signed N(.vember 7, 18(J3. Wliile with the command he 
to(dc cieditable ititerest in the m(»ial welfare of the men 



THE SURGEONS. 

Dr. William W. ^SIaktin was a native of Balti- 
more, Indiana, received u medical education, and at the 
breaking out of the war was in active practice at Home 
City, Noble county. Recruited about one-third of Com- 
pany D. Was commissioned Surgeon November 25, 
1801, served the Ri'giment on the lield at Fort Donelson, 
Sliiloh, and tStone River, and was with it in ail the 
marches until August 1st, lso;>, Avhen he resigned on 
account of ill health. Died at Kendallville, abcnit the 
close of the war. The ardent devotion with which he 
served the sick under his care, and the determination 
with which he sought the best advantages ijossible for 
them, is a memory warmly cherished by many surviv- 
ors of the command. { 

Du. John II. Rickick was born in Tippecanoe 
county, Indiana; graduated in the Medical Department 
of the. University of Michigan in 18").'} ; was in practice 
at Ijagrange at the break*ing out of the war ; asslstiil in 
recruiting the lirst volunteers from Lagiange county ; 
was appointed Assistant Surgeon for the organization 



FIELD AND STAFF. 



139 



of tlie Regiment, ,Sei»teniber 12, 18()1. Wjis proiDoled 
Surgeon, October 28, ],S(;;}. Served on the lield at the 
battles or ,Slii]„h, Stone River, Chiekanuuiga, and Mis- 
sion Ri<lge. At the eIo.se of tlie war \\v. returned to 
Lagrange, and resumed the practice of li is ijrolession. 
Entered tlie newsijaper business in 18()7, was elected 
Clerk of the Lagrange Circuit Court in 18(J8, and in 1872, 
serving eight years in that capacity. Is now editor and 
proprietor of the Lagrange A7a//(/fr/d. 



THE ASSISTANT SURGEONS. 
Du. John H. Rkrick. See " Suuokons." 
Lu. Gkohcjk W. Cah]{ was a regular practicing 
physician at Ligonier. Immediately after the battle of 
Shiloh he volunteered his services to the Governor, 
temj.orarily, in the field, and was a]ipointed Additional 
Assistant Surgeon pro ton. for tlie Regiment, A law 
afterward being enacted allowing two assistant surgeons 
for each regiment, he was coniinist^ioned Second Assist- 
ant Surgeon of the 44th Indiana, which he served until 
March 1st, 18(J4, when he was jn-omoted Surgeon of the 
12i)th Indiami Volunteers. He served this regiment 
until May, 18(),5, when he resigned. Ily is now a resi- 
dent of Ligonier, and in the practice of his profession. 
Dk. EmvAKi) R. Si'KKD M'asa regular physician, in 
practice at Lagrange. Was commissioned Assi^itant 
Surgeon June 24, 18(i4, and at once started for the Regi- 
ment at Chattanooga, but soon after reacliing there was 
taken down sick. Was removed to Ollicers' IIosi)ital, on 
Lookout Mountain, for treatment, where he died Sep- 
tember 14, 1804. His death is more fully noticed in the 
preceding pages. *■ 

I)K. Isaac N. Plummer was a regular physician ; 
was drafted into the service from lilvansvilie, Indiana, 



140 FlKLl) AND UTAFF. 

I 

ill the fall of lSi;4, and as.si,i;iit'(l to tho 44lli RcKiiuciit. : 
Upon icacliin^- the c-onnnand, iiis (lualilicat ions as a 
physician hcroniinj^' Ivnown, lie was pnt on servi(!e in j 
tlie iU'f^iinental Hospital, and al'teiwaid leeoniniended 
for iiijpointnient as Assistant Sni'f^eon, and was so eom- 
rnissioned, and was mustered in April 8, l.S()5. Jle was 
mustered out with the Kegiment, September 14, 1h(m. 4 

I 



THE NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF. 

All mention of the uon-eommissioiied statf of the 
Regiment hiiving lieen omitted in Adjutant-Gieneral 
Terrell's Military llejiort of tlie State, I lind it impossi- 
ble to give full statements in respeet to these. 

SERGEANT MAJORS. 

The first Soiirgeuiit-Major was Samuel Ij. Bayliss. 
His name does not appear on the Adju(ant-(ieneral's 
re|)or( at all. He was ilisehaiged on account of disaliil- 
ity in lsti2, and is now a resit'lent of JNIinneapolis, ]Minn. 
Hayliss Avas succeeded by Samuel C. Smith, Com- 
pany I, who served until ])romoted Adjutant, November 
14, l.S().'?. He was succef iled by Willis P. Andrews, Ser- 
geant, Company V^ who served until iironu>ted Adju- 
tant, Apiil H, 1S()0. The position was tilled fiom this 
dale until muster-out of the Kegiment by William 
Ulrey, Comi)any B. 

HOSPITAL STEWARDS. 

The first Hospital Steward vv'tis Jacob A. Hanta, of 
Co. ii, who served until disabled by sickness. He 
died at home, March lil,^l.S(;:J. He was succeeded by 
Joseph W. Ikirch, Co. A, and ho by Charles A. I'ardee, 
Co. D, who was jjromoted to the position in lS(j;>, re- 



FIELD Ayn STAFF. 



141 



enlisted, and lidd it until the muster-out of the Regi- 
nient. 

QUARTERMASTER SERGEANTS. 

Maniuis L. Bayliss was tlie tirst (iuartennastc-r-Ser- 
geant, but his name iloes not appear in (iie Atljutant 
Geueral's report. He was sueeeeded by .Saiiuu-l P. 
BradCord, Co. H, and he by Adam Clark, and he by 
Samuel 11. Havens, Co. K, who .served from July, 18()2, 
to Novenil)er, ls<;4, wlien lie was mustered out at tliJ 
expiration c.f enlistment. He was sueeeeded by .Sebas- 
tian Shoup, Co. H, who served until promoted Seeond 
Lieutenant, INIay 1, ]8(i.',. Jeremiah J. Hhatto, Co. K, 
filled the position from this time until muster-out. 

COMMISSARY SERGEANTS. 

The Commissary-Sergeants were William F. Hinck- 
ley, Co. K, Samuel P. JJradlord, Co. JI, Sebastian Whoup, 
Co. H, anil James Tuek, Co. H, serving in the order 
named. 

LEADERS OF THE BAND. 

The lirst leader of the Band was John Jl. Grubb, of 
Lagrange, ills name also does not apj)ear on the Adju- 
tant General's report. He was noted as an exeellent 
tenor drummer. He was discharged in November, ].S(i;}, 
on account of disability. After the war he was stricken' 
with paralysis, and is still living in a helples.s condition 
under the care of a guardian ai)])ointed l>y the Court, 
wlio so economizes Ids pension money as to providJ 
comfortably for him. 

William T. Kim.sey, I believe, succeeded Grubb, as 
leader of the Band. Jle re-enlisted, and was mustered 
out with tile Begiment as J'rincipal Musician. 



PERSONAL MENTION 



OF 



MEMBERS OF COMPANIES, 



Note.— Iti the record of the Companies, all mention of ilislion- 
orable iliseliargu i)f tlie ollicei.s, j\hil llie nanie.s of the men ulio 
(losuiled tlio service, iue omitted. The names of all sueli can Ite 
full ml in AiljiilaiU-( Jeneral Tcrrfirs I'cpint, in evci'y coiinty ollicci's 
ullice ill tlie Stale. Tliis is, we think, a sullicieiit lemiiicler ol tlic^e 
unpleasant thin^cs, at this late tlate. Tlie record of the oritiinal 
enlisted men is lirst (jfi ven— tliose mIio entered lh<; service at tlie 
or^ani/.aiion of llic Iti'Kiment, and were mustered in November 
■S2, IHiil, for liiri'e years. 'I'liesc' are elassltled as " N'eterans" : those 
who rc-eiilisted for anoliier three years' service, and were nuis- 
tered in as veterans, .January U, ISIil, and were mustei'ed out willi 
the llesinieiit, .September 11, 180). lid. "Three Years Men " : those 
who were mustered out at the end of three years' enlistment, No- 
vembei-, 1«()1. .'id. The ori^iinal men liilled on the field, discliarned 
on account of tlisability from wounds or disease, and tliose trans- 
ferred, will be Ibund under the lu-ads, "IvIIUhI," " Idsehar^ied," 
and " Transierred." llli. All who enlisted after the Uej^iment 
entered Ihc service will he found under the head of " Kecruils," 
except snlistitutes and drafteil men. Tliese came mostly from the 
southern part of tlie .State, and were with tlie Uet;iment but a lew 
montlis. Tlic word " dead " Is attached to the names of those ^^■ho 
are known to have died sim^e discliar;;e or muster-out, and the 
))resent residence of the survivors Ki veil wlien known. Tlie rank 
foUowinj; a name indicates tlie rank when mustered out. 



COMPANY A. 

Company A was recruited and organized jn Steuben 
County, the volunteers nirtstly residing in tiie vicinity 
of Orland, ISIetz, and Hamilton. The enlislments were 
mostly in Sejitember, iSfil, but the Company was not 



COMPANY A. 143 

mustered in until November 22, 18!5l, tlio date of tlie 
muster of all the e()nii)uuit.'.s. The otllccrs chosen liy 
the election of the men, were : Captain, (Jharles l'\ 
Kinney; 1st Lieutenant, Elias O. Rose; 2(1 Lieutenant, 
Burge Smith. 

CArXAINS. 

Charles F. Kinney. See " INIajors." 

Nelson A. Sowers was nattered in us a private, hut 
having serveil in the regular army, he was enuhled to 
render mueh useful service in drilling, not only this 
Company, hut others, and was promoted 1st Lieutenant 
May 22, 18)2, and Ca]jtain, January 20, Isi;.;. He is 
reported as residing in Illinois now. 

Josei)h W. JUirch, See " J\L\JOJ{S." 

Lewis W. Grillith entered the service as a private; 
was })r()moteil 1st liieutenaut, .June 10, istio ; Captain, 
April 8, isii") ; and was mustered out with the Itegiment 
September 14, iSlj"). Resides now at Hamilton, Lul. 

FlltS'l LIEUTENANTS. 

Elias O. Rose entered the service with the Company, 
was elected 1st liieutenaut, and wasmustereil in as such 
September 25, IStil. Resigned July 22, LSli2 ; disability. 
Now editor of lite 3la(/tict, Rig l{ai)ids, JSlieh. 

Nelson A. St)wers. See "Captains." 

Clarion JL Kutler was mustered in as 1st Sergeant; 
promoted 2d Lieutenant September 1,'}, l.S(;2 ; l^t Lieu- 
tenant January 20, lS(>;i ; resigned May 20, iHiKi, after u 
disabling sickness. Resides at Salem Center, Steuben 
County, Ind. 

Lewis W. Gritlith. See* " Cai-tains." 
George W. Twitchell was mustered in as a Cor|)oral ; 
re-enlisted as a veteran ; promoted 2d Ijieutenant April 



i 



14-1 



COM PA ivy A. 



24, IHCm, and was iinisfcrcd out with the Ho^imciit. 
Resides al Oil; nd, lud. 

SECOND LUarTENANTS. 

liir^e Sniidi was eieeted L'd Lieiiteiiaiit l)y the Coni- 
paiiy, was iiiiistcii'd in Seideiuber 2."), Isiil, and resigned 
Septeiulu'r 11, l.si;_:. JIo was iioiionibly iiieiitioiied in 
Colonel Ueeil's rei»ort of .Shiioii. J)ea(h 
Onins J). Seovill. ,See "CVkMI-anv I." 
Georgr \V. Twitcheii. See "l^'iusT Likutknants." 
Neweil 1'. Lewis entered tlie serviee as a private; 
re-enUsted as a veteran ; was promoted _M Lieutenant 
A|uil :i4, isd."), and was luiistered out witii tlie liegi- 
inent. Uesidence, Hrusliy Prairie, LagranH;e (.'o., hni. 

VETERANS. 

fcseri^eant Jolui Uhuu. Miidii^an. 

Serjeant .losi'])li Miines. Di'ad. 

Corporal (ieorge W. Twitehell. See " F'lUST LiEU- 

TKNA.NTS." 

jNIusieiau Alonzo ]\. Suge. Dead. 

James A. Aumenih 

Ciiarles II. jJarr. (jione west. 

Thomus D. Jiutler. Miehigun. 

Henry W. Ik-ard. Angola, Ind. 

Clniries Clink, Sergeant. IMea.sant Lake, Ind. 

William C. Carliu. 

John T. Crow. 

John (hirlin. 

yolomon iNL Cox, Corporal. Alvarado, ImL 

Adoli)hus J'^wers. Angola, Ind. 

John (JilLert. Bettsville, Seneca county. Ohio. 

Davit! i). (roodrieh, C()i'})oral. 

Emanuel Heller. Alvarado, Ind, 

John 15. Hutchins, Sergeant. Angola, Ind. 



coMPAyy A. 145 

Newell P. Lewis. See "Second IiIf:utenanth." 

Henry A. Lords, Corporal. 

Charles Miller, Corporal, East Gilead, Branch Co., 
Michigan. 

Jasper Munday, Corporal. Michigan. 

John Ryan, Jr. Angola, Ind. 

Michael Ryan. Angola, Ind. 

Janies Ryan, Corporal. Angola, Ind. 

Benson K. Robljins, Corporal. Reading, Mich. 

tteyniour P. Snyder. Michigan. 

David Sowle. Angola, Ind. 

Joshua Showalter. Angola, Ind. 

Simon M. Sines. 

Oscar B. Tlirasher, Corporal. Pleasant Lake, Ind. 

John Tlionipson. Dead. 

David J. Tillany. Transferred to U. S. Engineers 
August 20, 1804. Gone west. 

Thomas C. Hyatt. Transferred to U. S. EnginLcrs 
August 20, LS04. Orland, Ind. 

THREE YEAllS MEN. 

Nicholas Arnold. Flint, Ind. 
Caleb J. Bates. Michigan. 
Jacob Dotts. 

Christopher Oberst. Clear Lake, Ind. 
William Rosser. Orland, Ind. 
Frederick Swanibaugh. Angola, Ind. 
Henry West. Flint, Ind. 
Robert Wilkes. Hamilton, Ind. 

DISCIIAKOED. 

Sergeant Janies H. Merrinnui, June 14, 1868 ; wound- 
ed at Siiiloh. Dead. 

Corporal John Ryan, Sr., March, 180H. Dead. 
Corporal John M. Benedict, May 13, 1862. Dead. 

10 



14G COMPANY A. 

JMusiciiin Cliristian Steuley, July, 18G2. Angola, Iiid. 

Wagoner John INI. Kinntar, January 1, Lsiiii. 

John Burgctt, October 22, iHO.i. 

Miles T. Culp, June 28, 1S(J2 ; wounded at «liiloh. 
Ohio. 

William H. Dotts, August 5, 1802, Angola, Ind, 

Plarrison Grant, Feb. ll, I8(i;}. 

Mareenas Green, January 2.'), lsO.'{. Dead. 

John Mali, August 2iJ, 18(W. Metz, Ind. 

John Lutz. 

Thomas 11. Mollett. Amydes, Ind, 

William McMuire, March 22, I8(i3. Dead. 

Ste])hen A, Powers, March 1, 1802. 

Stei)lien llyan, Heptember l.'J, 18()2. Dead. 

William Seoles, iMay (i, 1HU;{. Dead. 

George W. Strong, November 8, I.SIW. 

Hannibal Kcoville, January 12, 1863 ; wounded at 
Hhlloh. Pleasant Lake, Ind. 

Samuel Tinsley, June 17, 18G2. Michigan. 

Henry Twitehell, July 20, 1S02 ; wounded at Shiloh. 
Orland, Ind. 

James Van Auken, October 21, 1802. Pleasant Lake, 
Indiana. 

KILLED. 

Leander Hall, at Shiloh, April 6, 18G2. 

DIED. 

Joseph Jackman, mortally wounded at Shiloh, April 
0, 1802. Died A[n\\ 1(1, ls02. 

Sergeant William W. Wright, at SL Louis, March 2, 
1802. 

William Bennett, at Pittsburg Landing, Marcli 26, 
1802. 

Giba Belcher, IMcMinnville, Tenn., Sept. 9, 1803. 

Francis Brooks, Fort Wayne, October 4, Lsol. 



COMPAXV A. 



147 



Cleveland J. Spencer, Huntsvllle, Ala., August -3 

Joi.n Eekhart, in Steuben Co., Tnd., April 20, 1,S0'> 
Janu'.s B. Kwin-, in Steuben Co., Ind., May 14 m-> 
Henry Field, Cairo, 111., April r>, i,sU2. 
I^Iarion Grant, EvansviUe, Jnd., January "(i 18(J-^ 

William Humblebough, New Albany, In.l, January 

11, ]S(),'!. •' 

Charles F. Hulbert, Calhou.i, Ky.. February 17 18(J" 
Josepb F. Lords, Nashville, Tenn., October- ],s(j->' 
John Stealey, C:alhoun, Ky., February -1, ],s(}-'' 
Kichard 1>. Swain, March 21, LS(i± 

Orange Throop, April 1, lm3 ■ wounded at Fort Don- 
elson. 

George W. Vancleve, Evansville, Ind., March 15 
1862. •"'<>" I'j, 

Joshua West, Keokuk, Iowa, July 21, lsG2 
William Yenner, Mound City, 111., Aj-dl 17 18(i»- 
wounded at Shiloh. ' " ' 

TJJANSFKiniED. 

Corporal John Imhof, to loth U. S. Infantry Decem- 
ber 1',, istji. "^' 

Baniel Heller, to loth U. S. Infantry, Dec. M Lsu-' 
liobert Kaisen, to loth U. S. l.Uantry, Dec. 1.3, i.s(J2. 

DISOir.\H(iED FDK PKOMOTION IN OTHER UEGl- 

AlENTS. 

John M. Parrett, August 0, 1802, and Albert H Ew- 
ing, August 10, 1802. ■ . 

ENLISTED MEN l'KO.M„TED TO COMMISSIONS IN 
THE KEGIMENT. 

Marion U. Butler, Jose,,h W. Burch, Lewis GrirtUh 
Nel.son A. Sowers, Onias D. Scoville. 
Deserted, o; names omitted. 



148 



COMPANY A. 



ITl 


e (1 


1N62. 


Sept. 


20 


Sept. 


20 


Aug. 


9 


1803. 


Jan. 


'A 


Dec. 


2!). 


It 


2() 


i( 


20 


u 


29 


i t 


21 


11 


2(i 



11 


It 


11 


23 


It 


2() 


1861. 


Jan. 


11 


Apii 


lis 


tt 


It 


1 1 


11 


1 1 


28 


J^Iuy 


;") 


Mar. 


11 


Sept. 


22 


Oct. 





1 ( 





Mar. 


7 


Oct. 


G 


Apri 


118. 


Oct. 


G 



VOLUNTEEH ItECltUlTS. 

ite of inustc'i-iii on the left ; luusler-out ou tliu riglit.J 

George W. Pnrvls, died of wound at Canij. 

Donison, Ohio, Augu.st, 1803. 
Ru.ssell 0. Taylor. 
Jo.-ei)h M. Wilson, m. o. Sept. 14, 180.'^. 

Adam Clark, discharged Feb. ]'), 18(;;5. 

Klias Cranshon, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

SainuL'i Faust, 

•Jacob JNIaiott, 

Henry 11. Plcrron, 

Francis 1*. McCutcheon, " 

John F. Nyec, 

Christopher O'JJrien, 

Robert li. Thoiupscjn, 

Henry Wilson, 

Isaac Winchell, 

John 11. Yangst, 

Albert Felterhoof, disch'd dis. Sept. 17, 1804. 

Julius II. Chappel, ni. o. Sept. 14, LSOo. 

SihLs L. Crandle, " " " 

Edwin Gillesi)ie, 

William Gillespie, 

Jerome C. Gannon, 

Anderson Ilender.son, 

Daniel llaggerty, m. o. June 13, 1805. 

Andrew J. Hamilton, nj. o. Sept. 14, 1805, 

Curtis B. Haywood, 

Emanuel Krotzer, 

William H. Kesterson, " 

George Kerr, 

George Kesterson, 



































































K 








11 









11 


II 


U 


1 1 


11 


11 


II 


II 



1 1 
11 



11 
II 



II 
II 



ll 

II 



II 
II 



11 
11 





u 


1 1 






II 


II 






11 


11 






11 


u 






II 


1 1 






1 1 


l^ 






IMuy 


11 


'• 




1 1 


11 






1 1 


11 






April 


2S, 





COMPAA'Y A. 149 

Jan. 12. Henry Lonburger, ni. o, Sept. U, LStio. 

^lar. 27. ThoniJis Ij. Larue, diet! at Chattanooga March 
10, l.Sd-j. 

April 18. Frank B. Lciwis, m. o. Sei)t. 14, 18(15. 

" " Leiand Morrison, died at Cliattanooga June 
20, 1804. 

Mar. 27. Wilhird A. Miller, ni, o. Sept. 14, 180.5. 

Oct. 10. AViiliani Ji. I'ointsett, 

April 18. Daniels. Parker, 

Mar. y. Janieis liiehardson, 

" 7: James Stewart, 

7. Robert Sowle, 

3. Joseph L. Stump, 

Sept. 22. David V. Stewart, 

Ai)rill!». Jacob A. Truby, 

" 21. AValter Vanalstine, 

" 18. Lewis West, 

Mar. 21. Newell A. Wilson, died at home, July 20, '04. 

11. David J. Wiiburn, m. o. Sept. 14, 180). 

Feb. 2. William Wiiburn, " " " 

Jan. 10. (Jeorge U. Wickham, " " " " 

" 10. James Woods, " " '• •' 

Mar. 7. Isaac JJeil, «' " " " 

1805. 

jNIar. 8. Frederick H. Aldrich, " " " " 

" 3. John L. Aldrich, " " " " 

" a. Nehemiah Andrews, " " " " 

Feb. 15, Alonzo Jordan, " " " 

" 15. Lockwood L. Elack, " " " " 

Mar. 3. Flias Martin, " July 20, '* 

Feb. 20. ISlark A. Newman, " Sept. 14, " 

22. Daniel Sinks, " " " " 

22. John D. Thomas. " " 18, " 

Mar. 3. CJeorge W. Wagoner, " " 14, " 

Twenty-nine substitutes and drafted men wereaddc'd 
to the Company in September and October, ls04, and 



II 



150 COMPANY B. 

were mustered out in June and July, 18G5, except John 
Smith, Jr., who died at Cliattanooga, June 11, IfSU-j. 



COMPANY B. 

Comiiauj' B was recruited and organized by volun- 
teers from Pierceton and vicinity, Koseiuhko County, 
who elected for their tirst oflicers : John Murray, Caj)- 
tain ; John Bartcm, 1st Lieutenant; William C. Ward, 
2d Lieutenant. The men enlisted early in iSeptember ; 
mustered November L'2, 1801. Tlie otlicers were com- 
missioned September L'O, and mustered Se])teuibcr 2"). 

CAPTAINS. 

John INIurray, the first choice of the Company for 
Captain, was mustered as above stated. He led his 
Company in the battle of Fort Donelson, receiving hon- 
orable mention, and again le<l the Company at Shiloh 
until he fell mortally wounded, on the Jirst day of the 
battle. He was carried to a log house previously occu- 
pied by General Plulbert as head(juarters, and tlien to a 
boat, where he dieil. 

John ]?arton was elected 1st Lieutenant at the organ- 
ization of the Company. Promoted Captain Ai>ril 10, 

1S()L'. 

James S. Getty was mustered in as 1st Sergeant; was 
promoted 1st Lieutenant May lo, 1H02 ; Captain, iNIarch 
21, lS(i;5, and was mustered out at the end of original 
enlistment, December /3, Ls(i4. Resides at Pieiccton, 
Indiana. 

John S. Deardotf entered the service as a recruit, was 
mustered in as a private, October o, ]S()2, and was pro- 
moted Cai)tain February lo, Ihd"), and was mustered out 
with the llegiment. Kesidence, Denver, Colorado. 



COMPANY B. 151 

FlliST LIEUTENANTS. 

Jnlm Bill-ton. Sou "Captains." 

JaniL's S. (jetty. See " 

George R. INIiirray was mustered in with the Com- 
pany as Sergeant, promoted 2d Lieutenant May 15, liS()J, 
ami 1st Lieutenant, jNIarch 21, 18G;^. Resides at Pierceton. 

Thomprson Dolve was mustered in as a Corixn'ul, re- 
enlisted, and was promoted 1st liieutenant February 17, 
LStio, and was niustered out with the Regiment. Resi- 
dence, lliid Oak, Iowa. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

William C. Ward was chosen 2d Lieutenant at tiie 
organization of the Company, was mustereil in Septem- 
ber 2'), lS(il, and resigned Ajn'il «, I8i)2. 

George R. Murray. See " Fiiwr Liioutenants." 

William Sherburne was mustered in as a wagoner, 
was promoted 2d liieutenant March 21, lS(i;{, and re- 
signed September 8, ISlii}. Resides at Pierceton, Ind. 

James S. Wheeler entered the service as a recruit; 
was mustered in as a private, October 3, 18()2 ; was pro- 
moted 2(1 liieutenant April S, LSUo, and was mustered 
out svith the Regiment. 

VETERANS. 

Corporal Thomas Doke. See " First Lieutenants." 

Musician John G. Waldo. Pierceton, Ind. 

Musician David F. Goodrich. Falk's Store, I. T. 

^larshall Ragden, 1st Sergeant. 

David lirawller. Dysart, Fama county, Iowa. 

James P. Rills, Corporal. Pierceton, Ind. 

Benjamin B. Campbell.^ 

John Fluke, Cori)oral. Galleon, Ohio, 

Andrew J. Fluke. 

James Garnett. 



152 COMPANY B. 

Jolm A. OrilUth, C.'orporal. Norn Springs, lowu. 

Isaiic Harrison, Corporal. Larwell, Ind. 

George R. Huglie«. Warsaw. 

Fruueis IMiillips. Newaygo, ISIich. 

Valentine riiillips, Sergeant. 

John H. Sniilh, Sergeant. 

Joriei)li Stallbrd, Corporal. 

Clinton Scobey, Sergeant. 

Jacob Schoof, Corporal. Pierceton, Ind. 

Daniel W. Thompson, Sergeant. Silver Lake, Ind. 

William Ulrey, Sergeant-Major. 

TIIKEE YEARS ]MEN. 

Henry Craig, Pierceton, Ind. 

Jonathan Hand. 

lienjamin Mclntyre. Pierceton, Ind. 

Frank Phillips. 

Thomas J. I'owers. Warsaw, Ind. 

DISCIIAKGED. 

Sergeant Charles II. Ward, June 5, 1862. Warsaw, 
Indiana. 

Sergeant' William T. Kildy, April 8, 1K03. Pierce- 
ton, Ind. 

Corporal Thomas Caldwell, May 10, 1SG2. Wounded 
at Fort Donelson. 

Corporal Edward N. Whitney. Warsaw. 

Corporal Henry B. Lamb, December 'M, 1802. 

Mecuslin Cam])bell, July 25, 1802; w. at Shiloii. 

John B. Cole, June 23, 18112. Pierceton. 

Columbus Crawford, July 2(5, 18()2. Pierceton. • 

John Cogen, INIay 28, 1803. 

Abraham Dille, August^23, 1803. Pierceton, 

Scott lOddy, 1803. Pierceton. 

William Fenton, January 1, 18G3. Pierceton. 

Thomas W. (^rillith, ISO.',. Dysart, Iowa. 



coMi'ANv n. 153 

Williiuii C}()l>iil. 

liiisil Hunter, Novembers, 1802. 

Tlioiuas Ilaucher, Ot^tober 2S, 1802. 

Peter Huiniiuu, July 1, ]8(i2. 

Robert Jack, January .5, 18li2. 

Jacob Kyle, May 10, 1802. Oswego, Intl. 

Levi Ligbtfoot, wounds at Hbiloli. 

Josepli Mosier, iSepteiiiber li), 18(12. 

Williaiu W. MeCourtney, 18()2; wounds at Fort Don- 
el.son. Deail. 

George Pringle, July 9, 18(52; wounds at Sliiloh. 
Warsaw, Ind. 

Thomas Powers, April 28, 1862. 

Anihew Htatlbrd, June .'50, 18G2. Bourbon, Ind. 

George W. 8cott, May 30, 18G3. 

Silas INI. Scott, September 10, 1862. Pierceton. 

Gabriel J\[. Scott, May 12, 1862; w. at Stone River. 

Albert R. Westlall, Se])tember 30, 1862; wounds at 
Shilob. Pierceton. 

Newton Westfall, May 22, 1862; wounds at Shiloh. 
Pierceton. 

William Widner, May 16, 1864. 

James Wells, July 2, 1862. 

KILLED. 

Captain Jolm Murray, at Sbiloh, April 6, 1862. 
John Kaston, at Shiloh, Ai)ril (>, 18(i2. 
David Lichtenwalter, at Fort Donelsou, Feb. 15, '62. 
Sergeant ^Villiam McNeal, at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. 
Corporal George Shurber, at Stone River, Dec. 31, '62. 

DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Samuel Firestone, Noveuiber 11, 1863; received at 
Chickamauga. 

"WMlliam D. Grose, March 6, 1862; received at Fort 
Donelsou. 



154 



COMPANY n. 



Rulpli fJoodiich, April 9, \Hiyi- received at Si.iioii. 

Tliuiuas Helper, Marcli 7, 1«(>3 ; receiveil at Stone 
River. 

Joseph Kirkpatriek, February 21!, I8(i2; received at 
Fort Doiielsoii. 

Samuel Widiier, January 29, 18G8 ; received at Stone 
River, 

DIKD OF DISEASE. 

(Jeorge W. Slate, died at Andersonville, Oct. 10, 18G4. 

Jacob A. Baiita, at home, JNIareh 21, 1SG2. 

Henry Rares, in liospital, December l;}, LSlJ,]. 

Alvin Danner, April (i, 18ii2. 

Isaac Graham, February 17, 18()2. 

Henry Goldsmith, April 3, 1802. 

John Hand, February 17, I8(i2. 

Stephen W. M(K)re, March 5, lSli2. 

Henry Slack, February 12, ]8(i2. 

'JKANSFEKRED. 

Corjioral William Graves, to Veteran Reserve Corps, 
November 2(j, l,si;;{. Pierceton, Ind. 

Corporal Albert Reitz, to same, April 8, 181)3. 

William AV. Johnson, to Engineer Corps, August 8 
1804. 

Thomas J. Vaughn, discharged January 2l», 1803, to 
enter the Mississii,].! Marine Rrigade, whicii he did the 
same date, and was mustered out with that command 
January 18, I8ir). Is now Deputy Collector of Internal 
Revenue at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. 

ENTEHED MEN PROMOTED TO COMMISSIONS. 

James S. (Jetty, George R. Murray, Thomi)son Doke, 
William Sherbur. 

Deserted, 4; names omitted. 



coMPAJS'y n. 155 

VOLUNTEEll RECRUITS. 
186'2. 

Nov. 11. Al)niiu Arelier, discharged May 2, 1803. 
Oct. 3. Aiuus ]ir3'ant, died Ai>ril 24, 18(J3. 

" 3. JNIicluiel Banlchart, died December 9, 1802. 
Nov. 11. SVilliaiu A. lirowu, died December 18, 1802. 
Oct. 3. INIartin Brotiier, discliarged Oct. 'J, 18()3 ; dis. 
" 3. William (Jartwrighl, transferred to V. R. C. 
November 23, 1803. 
Nov. 11. Elislia Craizaii, died at Chattanooga, Febru- 
ary G, 1804. 
Sept. 25, Isaac Clark, discliarged Oct. 27, 1804, dis. 

Warsaw, Tnd. 
Oct. 3. Jasper N. Cordcr, (' May 2, 1803, " 

3. Bennett F. Clcveuger, " " 

3. James L. Cowgill, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 
3. CJeorge S. Cowgill, " " 

" 3. Mathias Clay, " " 

3. William E. Davis, m. o. Sept. 18, 1805. War- 
saw, Indiana. 
3. John Deardoir. See " Captains." 

Nov. 11. Jonathan P. Ftldy, m. o. September 14, 18G5. 
Pierceton, Ind. 
" 11. Presly G. Frary, disch'ged May G, 1803. War- 
saw, Ind. 
" 11. James P. Phillips, died at Nashville, Deceiii- 
ber 31, 1802. 
Oct. 3. Edward Lightfoot, died March 22, 1803. 
Sept. 3. Jacob Ream, m. o. Si'j)teniber 18, 1805, Lar- 
well, Ind. 
" 3. Egbert M. Rogers, discharged Aug. 21, 1803. 
" 3. Josiah A. Redman, transferred to V. R. C, 

November 20, 1803. 
" 3. James W. Rouse, died January 29, 1803. 
'• 3. Henry Strunk, died February 14, 18(53. 



1 



156 

Oct. 'i. 
3. 



i I 


3. 


(( 


3. 


Nov. 


11. 


Oct. 


3. 


u 


3. 


Nov. 


lli. 


18G3. 


Dec. 


Ii3. 


t 4 


17. 


May 


1. 


July 


1. 


1864. 


Nov. 


7. 


Miiv. 


19. 


i ( 


i). 


Sept. 


125. 


Mar. 


11. 



David Stuiirtur, died IMarch 29, iSGo. 
Lafayette Siieiburne, iii. o. Sept. IJ, ISfi."). 

(Corporal. I'iereeton, Ind. 
Aluiizo .Sherburne, discharged May 10, 1803. 

IMfrcetou, Ind. 
Ira (;. Solis, discharged April 28, 180"). Pierce- 

ton, Ind. 
William W. Smith, discharged x\.i)ril oU, LS05. 

Tierce ton, Ind. 
Albert Vanness, discharged April 23, 1803. 

Wooster, Ind. 
James S. Wheeler. See " Second Likuten- 

ANT.S." 

John \V. Groves, unaccounted for. 



1. 
Oct. 19. 
Nov. 12. 

" 12 

Mar. 9. 

" 11. 

Nov. 17. 

" '*9 



Josepli W. Syant, 
John Todd, 
Ileniy A. Winter, 
William Ward, 

Oliver Brady, 
Asa Bills, 
John II. Barnes, 
John Cisley, 
John L. Douglas, 

Pierceton, Ind. 
William Fisher, 
James Fulwiler, 
John W. (irovi's, 

Larwell, Iml. 
Jacob F. Gooding, 
Isaac C. Ilaven.-ij 
Stei)hen Ilarter, 
William Henry, 
James Ireland, 



m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 








II 




II 




11 




July 13, 




Sei)t. 18, 



Sept. 14, 



II 
i( 
It 



COMPANY li. 



157 



11 

u 
II 
II 



Sept. 18, 
II 

Sept. 14, 

June 13, 

1 1 

Sept.- 14, 



i< 
(I 



Aug. 29, 



Oct. 28. Abrahuiu J, Jenkins, m. o. Sept. 14, 18(55. 

Mar. 11. DavitI (J. Lanibertson, 

Feb. 24. William Littleton, 

Oct. 0. William Losiers, 

Nov. 12. Hugh II. Myers, 

Mar. 10. J.ewi.s ('. Sinl<, 

Nov. 19. Solumoii SuUers, 

" 11. Nathan Small, 

Sept. 2"). deorge W. Slote. 

" 25. William Sprinkle, 

Oct. 29. Daniel Smith, 

15. Kifer Thomas, 

5. William Tiflany, 

Nov. 30. Henry Tiirasher, 

" 12. Tliornton VanBuskirk, 

Mar. 11. Joel Underwood, died at Cluittaiiiooga, Sep- 
tember 15, 1864. 

Mar. 9. William Werts, 

Sept. 27. William Williams, 

1865. 

Feb. G. Joseph H, Corder, 

G. Francis M. Cox, 

G. Lsaac II. Cary, 

April 30. Lemuel Pincher, 

Feb. 17. Jonathan B. Fox, 

April 5. Alexander Johns, 
Piercetou, Ind. 

Feb. 22. Peter M. Jamison, 

" 17. John Key ton, 

April 5. Charles Linn, 

Thirty drafted men and substitutes from the south- 
ern part of the State were aifded to the Comi)any in the 
fall of 18G4, and mustered out in June and July, 1SG>, 
except — 



m. 


Sept. 14, 


18G5 


II 
II 


July 13, 
Sept. 18, 


11 
II 


11 
II 


Sept. 15, 

11 


11 
II 


II 


Sept. 14, 


11 


II 
11 


II 
II 


II 
1 1 


II 


11 


II 


(( 


II 


1 1 • 


(< 


i< 


II 



^^ilr 



158 coMPANy c. 

Albert James, died at Nashville, June 12, 1805. 
Samuel E. Si)ear, died at Chattanooga, June 15, 1805. 

Deserted, 11 ; names omitted. 



COMPANY C. 

Comi)any C was recruited at Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
in September and October, 1801, and was mustered in 
November 22, 18(11. The officers first chosen were com- 
missioned September 20, 1801, and mustered in Sej)!. 22. 

CAPTAINS. 

L. R. Tannehill was the first Captain commissioned 
and mustered in as above. He led his Company in the 
battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh, and was honorably 
mentioned I'y Colonel Reed in his report of the battle 
of Shiloh. Died since tiie war. 

William Storey entered the service. as 1st Lieutenant 
at the organization of the Company. Promoted Cap- 
tain January 20, 1803. He received honorable mention 
for gallantry at Fort Donelson, for planting the regi- 
mental colors in advance of the line and under fire of 
tiie enemy. Residence, Deadwood, D. T. 

Philip Grund. See " Lii;utenant-Coi.onkls." 

Adam Hull was mustered in as a i)rivate, re-enlisted 
as a veteran, promoted 2d Lieutenant ISIarch 24, 18(55, 
1st Lieutenant June 1, 18;i5, antl ('aptain June 12, IsOo, 
and was mustered out with the Regiment. Resides at 
Cherubusco, Whitley County, Intl. 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

William Story. See " Captains." 
Philip Grund. See " IjIKUTKxant-Coi.onri-s." 
Sedgwick. Livingston was mustered in as Sergeant 
with the Company, promoted 2d Lieutenant January 







■-. -■0JK'- :■■. ...•'■ ■■'* 



SAMUEL B. SWEET, 

COMPANY O. 



i 



COMPANY C. 159 

20, 18G3, 1st Lieutenant June 11 , 18G3, and died Januarv 
2(i, 1864. ^ 

Owen L. «lia\v was mustered in as a private, jno- 
nioted 1st Lieutenant Mareli 11, LS()4, and resigned 
March 27, 18o5. Resides in Nebraska. 

Adam Hull. See " Uai-tainh." 

James 8. Eidridge was mustered in as a private, re- 
enlisted as a veteran, was promoted 2d Lieutenant June 
1, 18(1.-,, jind Lst Lieutenant July 11, 18(m, and was inus- 
tered out with the llegiment. Died sinee the war. 

yKCOND LIEUTENANTS. 
Pliilip Grund. See " Likutknaxt-Colonkls." 
Sedgwick Livingston. See " FiusT Likctknants." 
John H. Strong was mustered in as Sergeant. Was 
promoted 2d Lieutenant June 11, 18(>3. I{c>igned Octo- 
ber 18, 18U3. llesidenee, Pleasant Lake, Steuben Co. 
Indiana. *' 

James S. Eidridge. See " First Likutionants." 
Joseph Smith was mustered as a private ; re-enlisted 
as a veteran. Was promoted 2d Lieutenant July 12, 'Uo. 
The records of the Company as published by the 
Adjutant-General of the State, are very imperfect as to 
the original men, not showing, with Wsv exceptions, 
when they were mustered out, who were killed, wound- 
ed, and who died. For what information I have in 
respect to the following, 1 am iiulebted to Samuel JJ 
Sweet, of Fort Wayne. Mv. Sweet was but a few 
months past sixteen years of age when he entered the 
service. He was at lirst set aside by the mustering olli- 
cer, as too young, but his importunity and tears linally 
prevailed, and he was duly mustered in. His record as 
a soldier was an excellent o^ie. He was in all marches 
and battles of the Regiment, was slightly wounded at 
Sliiloh, Stone River, ami Chickamauga, but was never 



160 coMPAxy 0. 

in liospitui on account of sickness. After a .service of 
four years antl one month, he was mustered out with 
the Regiment. In iHlid he entered the employ of tlie 
Wahasli railway company as hill cleric at Fort Wa^'ue, 
and was promoted freight and ticket agent in 1S74, which 
position he still holds. In honor to the privates of the 
Regiment and the patriotic hoys of that day, we present 
elsewhere a picture of this model citizen-soldier. 

VETE1!ANS. 

Corporal Jacob Kress. 

Sergeant Joseph Ray. 

William II. Arney, died at Nashville, July -5, 1S05. 

John Klzey, Corporal. Decatur, Ind. 

James Kldridge. .See " Six'ond Lieutenants. " 

Christian lOarimm. Decatur, Ind. 

Henry Fry. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Amos French. Dead. 

Jackson Heyser. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Adam Hull. See " Second Lieutenants." 

Patrick lloban, Sergeant. 

Alexander Humbert. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

William N. Logan. " 

Leantler McGinn is, Cori)oral. " 

Joseph Merica. 

Isaiah McDowell, Sergeant. Maples, Alleii County. 

William Nodding, Sergeant. 

Alexander Runel, Corporal. 

Emri Sites. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

JNIilton Sites, Corporal. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Samuel R. Sweet, 1st Sergeant. 

Joseph Smyth. See " Second Lieutenants." 

James Taylor, "> 

Alonzo NVoodworth, Corporal. 

William Weaver, Corporal. Fort Wayne, Ind. 



// 



COMPANV C. 



IGi 



non-vetI':hans. 

Sergciint Caleb Carnirtii, disoli'ged 1SG2. Ft. Wayne. 
Sergeant William Riley, cliscluirged 18G2. 
Sergeant J. 11. McCool. 
Coi-])()ral Jienton McCool. 

Corijoral Joseph Kennan, di.seharged, wounds at Slii- 
loh. Dead. 

Corporal E. B. Slocuni, died 18(>2, at Battle Creek. 
Corporal William Keefer. 

Corporal Fred Stine, discharged. Kalamazoo, I^Iieh. 
Corporal Robert Stewart, tliscliarged. 
Corporal Thaddeu.s Helm, discharg.ed. 
Musician Royal Dean, discharged. 
Wagoner William Henderson, discharged. 
Sebastian Albright, discliarged. 
Joseph Bay, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 
James Berry, discharged. 
AVilliam Crawford, discharged 18G2. 
John Crawford, discharged of wounds at Shiloh. 
L. B. Carr, died 1S(J2. 
Patrick Coney, discharged. 
Michael Carl. 
Hugh Dennis, discharged. 
John C. Dee, killed at Fort Donelson. 
Charles Divine, discharged Nov. 1, 18G4. 
Michael Drury, discharged. 
George S. Decay, m. o. Nov. 2o, 18G4. 
John Engle, discharged, wounds at Shiloh. Dead. 
Jacob Fogweil, died imi. 

J. M. Flutter, discharged ]8(i2 ; wounds at Shiloh. 
William Hyser, discharged I8(i2. Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Michael Harrison, discharged 18G2 ; wounds at Shi- 
loh. Maples, Allen County, Ind. 

William 1'. Henderson, discharged 18(i2. 
William Hedges. 



162 COMPANY C. 

Joiin Hlggs, died l.S«2. 

William Higgs, died ; wounds at Stone River. 

Charles Jolinston, 

John Knox. 

John Keefer, discharged 18G2 ; wounds at Shilol 
Fort Wayne. 

Jacob Luly. 

William McDermitt, discharged 18()2. 

JNIarion IMuGinnis, m. o. Nov. 2o, 18(j4. 

James McDonald, discharged. 

Cieorge Myers, discharged. 

Joseph Nicotiemus, died ; wounds at Shiloh. 

ISrichael O'Conner. 

George Parrin, discharged. 

A. L. llohiiison, discharged. 

Thomas Russell, discharged. 

James Shaw. 

Willard Story, discharge \. 

Owen T. Shaw. See " First Lieutenants." 

Peter Stahl, killed at Shiloh, 

Christian Smith, died lS(i2. 

Jacob Smith, killed at Stone River. 

Jacob Stalkolle, discharged. 

Joseph Sedgwick, discharged. 

William Woodford, killed at Shiloh. 

Henry Wilkison, discharged. Died 1880. 

James Wilkison. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

VOLIJNTKER RECRUITS. 
1862. I 

Aug. I'J. Thompson P. Burch, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. ' 

" 19. Stei)hen Bounger, " " " 

Oct. 5, Bronson H. Bell, '• . «« •« 

Jan. 9. Joseph W. Ilersh, vet., " " " 

Oct. 11. John W. Cress, transferred to Pioneer Corps, 

Aug. 15, 1804. 



11 



11 


tl 


l( 


u 


(( 


(( 


u 


l( 


u 


tt 


n 


(1 


It 


It 



coMPAyr a 163 , 

1863. ; 

Dec. 11. Joseph Bates, ni. o. Sept. 14, iH(i'). 

" 9. Corbin jNIurray, 

Sept. 22. Otlio Reese, 

1864. 

Mar. 8. Peter T. Bolger, " 

" (). Ueorge W. Countryman, " 

Oct. 19. Thomas Comer, " 

Mar. 10. James M. Clark, " 

Dec. 5. WilUam Coulter, " 

Sept. 21). Joseph Daniel, at died Cliuttanooga, April 

10, iHGo. 

Feb. 20. William Engie, m. o. Sept. 14, ISOo. 

" 13. George Earl, m. o. Sept. 14, 1803. 

" 2(). Niclioli Gohert, died, Nashville, June 29, '(54. 

Jan, 13. Raphael Gull, m. o. Se[)t. 14, LSUo. 

Sept. 29. Andrew Holfu^ire, 

Oct. 28. Wiley C. Hooper, 

P\'b. 2(1. Robert Hamilton, 

Mar. 14. Joseph Humbert, 

Jan. 13. George NV. Higgs, 

Oct. 13. James A. Halstead, 

Jan. 12. James A. Hines, 

Apr. 10. Wesley A. Logan, 

^lar. 8. Noah S. Long, 

Feb. 0. George A. Lewis, 

Jan. 12. Nai»oleon P. Lyon, 

Feb. (J. Harmer L. ]Mayor, 

Mar. 8. Eli Miser, m. o. Sept. 14, lS(i5. Mace, Ind. 

8. Joseph Manor, " " Fort Wayne. 

Feb. 28. Alex. Ormiston, 

" (). August Perot, ^ 

" 0. Joseph Parisot, 

" (J. Francis Provert, 

23. John Slocum, Corp'l, 



It 



1 1 




II 


11 




Dead. 


il 




Fort Wayne 


II 




11 






11 





II 
July 17, 








Sept. 14, 




























































• 



















It 



164 COMPANY D. 

'.'. 2ti. Joliu W. Smith, m. o. Sept. 14, lS(;.j. 

Jan. 18. J times 8mitli, 

JJec. 5. Jumes A. Smith, 

5. Joliu Swaiisou, " " " 

Feb. 13. William J I. Saellbaker, m. o. May lU, 181)5. 

Oct. a. Caleb Thair, " 

Feb. 2(i. George W. Valentine, " Sept. 14, " 

" 2U. Martin H. Wright, 

18U5. 

Mar. 23. Jolin Cavanaugh, " " 

" 14. James J.. Miller, " " " 

" 8. James W. Berry, ' " June 5, " 

Mar. 23. Williani Lyon, " Sei)t. 14, " 

Jan. 27. James S. l»otts, " 

There were thirty substitutes and drafted men added 
in the fall of 18(.)4, who were mustered out in June and 
July, 18(1"), except Isaac N. I'lummer, promotetl Assist- 
ant Surgeon. 

Deserters, 12 ; names omitted. 



COMPANY D. 

Company D was organized by volunteers principally 
from Allen County, from the vicinity of ^laysville, and 
from the vicinity of Rome City, Noble County. Tlie 
first olticers were commissioned September 20, isijl, and 
mustered in with the men November 22, 18()1. 

CAI'TAINS. 

Franklin K. Cosgrove was a resilient of Maysville, 
Allen County, conducting an extensive practice as a 
physician and surgeon. He had served in the JNIexican 
war as a volunteer in an Ohio regiment, and at the 
breaking out of the war of the rebellion was early seized 



COMPANV D. 105 

with the war lever, and at once coiiinienceil assisting in 
tlie enlistment of men for llie ditlcrent regiments called 
for. He concluded to enter the Forty-fourth, which he 
also helped organize. Was chosen Cajitain of (^o. 1), 
which he led through tlie battles of Fort Donelson and 
Shiloh. In the latter he was severely wounded, on 
account of which he was honorably discharged, by spe- 
cial order of the Secretary of War, September 3, lS(iJ. 
Residence, Harlan, Allen County, Ind. 

Charles H. Wayne entered the service as 1st Lieuten- 
ant, at the organization of the Company ; had seen 
military service in the regular army ; was honorably 
mentioned by Colonel Heed in his Sliiloh battle rejjort. 
Resigned after Ihe battle; was re-commissioned April 
1-3, I8(il!, and resigneil January 18, 1S()3. 

George W. Schell was mustereil in as Sergeant; was 
promoted 2d Lieutenant April Ui, 1S()2, for gallantry at 
Shiloii ; i)romoted 1st Lieutenant JNIarch 21, 181)3, and 
Captain July 4, 1803, and was mustered out at the expir- 
ation of original enlistment, January 28, 18U5. Died at 
his home near Hall's Corners, Indiana, from the etlects 
of wounds received in the battle of Shiloh. 

George W. Sijuier was mustereil in as a Corporal, I'e- 
en listed as a veteran, was promoted 1st Lieutenant May 
18, 18U4, and Captain February 17, lS()o, and was mus- 
tereil out with the Regiment. Post-olHce address. South 
Haven, Van Buren County, Micliigaii. 

FIRST LIEUTKNANTS. 

Charles H. Wayne. See "Cattains." 

George W. Schell. See "Captains." 

James Collier was mustered in as a private, was pro- 
moteil 2d Lieutemmt INIarch 2l, 1S()3, and 1st Lieutenant 
July 4, 18(J3. 

George W. Squier. See "Captains." 



, I 



106 



COMPA.Xy D. 



Sylvester J, Stowe was aiusteied in as a private, re- 
euli.^ted as a veteran, was promoted 1st Lieutenant Feb- 
ruary 15, Lsar,, una was uiiistere.l out with tlie lieginient. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 
J. Delta Kerr entered the service as 2d Lieutenant 
and died in hospital at Evansville, Ind., March 2o, mvl, 
of disease contracted in tlie service. 

George W. Seliell. See " Captains." 
James Collier, See " Fikst Likutenants." 
David II. Stopher was mustered in as a Sergeant 
promoted lM Lieutenant July 4, 1,S(>3, and attached to 
the stair of General Vancleve, and died June, l,S(i4. 

John E. Casebeer was mustered in as a Corporal, re- 
enlisted as a veteran, was prouK.ted 2d Lieutenant Feb- 
ruary 17, LSUo, and mustered out with tiie llegiment. 

VETERANS. 

Corporal George \V. S<iuier. See " Captains." 
Corporal Josepli S. Potts. Kendallvijle. 
Corporal John E. Casebeer. See " Skcond Lieu- 
tenants." Deliance, Ohio. 

Amos T. Britton. Corunna, Ind. 

John U. Collier. ^Michigan. 

(JeorgeEndinger. Chamberlin, Ind. 

Jacob Harreder, Corporal. 

Charles H. Higgins, Corporal. Hall's Corners, Ind. 

Joseph Ilemmer. Warsaw, Ind. Dead. 

Andrew J. Johnson. Missouri. 

Jerome A. Kenyon, killed ai Cliattanooga, by explo- 
sion of shell, April 1, 1«U4. 

Henry C. Knei)per, transferred to Engineer Cori.s 
August 1, 1804. Ligonier, Ind. 

John Lower, Sergeant.' South Milford, Ind. 
Chester Markham, Sergeant. 
William J. Opie. Wolcottville, Ind. 



,' -I 



COMPANY D. 1(J7 

. Charles A. Pardee, Ilospitul Steward. Wolcottville. 
Robert C. Price, Sergeant. Antwerp, Oliio. 
Sanuiel" A. Shanower, 1st Sergeant. Wuwaka, Ind. 
Sylvester J. Stuwe. See " First Lieutenants." 
Isuiali Smith. Llgouier, Ind. 
Lewis Y. Thompson. Misst)uri. 
Francis Van Ormin. Rome City, Ind. 

THREE YEARS MEN. 

Sergeant Lafayette Perkins. Hall's Corners, Ind. 

Musician Aruna P. Cosgrove. Warsaw, Ind. 

Francis liartlett. Dead. 

John Fanner. Harlan, Ind. 

Abraham Z. Foot. Corunna, Ind. 

Albert Jackson. Hall's Corners, Ind. 

Martin II'. Kessler. Bureau County, 111. 

Jacob Knepper. Wawaka, Ind. 

Samuel W. Reed. Wolcottville, Ind. 

Joseph IJ. Reed. 

Jacob White. Wawaka, Ind. 

Benjamin F. Williamson. Harlan, Ind. 

DISCHARGED ON ACCOUNT OF DISABILITY FROM 
WOUNDS OR DISEASE. 

l.st Sergeant Thomas C. Moffett, May 26, 1802. Dead. 

Corporal Philemon Mellington, July 11, 1802. Ant- 
werp, Ind. 

Corporal Thomas J. Stanley, March 20, 18G3. Evans- 
ville, Ind. 

Corporal Randall Simmons, October 2, 1802. Hall's 
Corners, Ind. 

WaLjoner Joshua Lownsbury, Januar}* 3, iSixJ. New- 
ville, Ind. 

Amandred Anderson, June 23, 1802. Tullahoma, 
Teun. 



168 COMPANY D. 

Joseph Conway, June 20, 18(52. Dead. 

Alfred Dougherty, .Sept. 20, 1802. Fort Wayne, Iiul. 

Kuiuuuel Detrich, Sept. 6, 1802. Ohio. 

Horare Ousten, June 20, 18U;{. Dead. 

.Samuel llartsell, July ^51, 1802. 

Will. il. Johnson, Aug. 81, 1802. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Wui. M. Jcdmson, Aug. 20, 1802. Speneerville, Ind. 

Henry IMarkle, Nov. 14, 1802. 

Sylvester JNIiner, July 1, 18();{. 

Kobert D. Khea, July ;}1, 1802. Hall's Corners, Ind. 

Cyrenus Sauuilers, Mareh 2;{, 180;J. Mieiiigan. 

Josei)h Shook, April 20, 1803. 

Isaac D. Sockrlder, June 28, 1802. Nebraska. 

.Samuel Stowman, Aug. 29, 18(;2. Wawaka, Ind. 

Adolphus Thompson, Nov. 30, 18()2. 

Wm. H. Underwood, Sept. 20, 1802. Dead. 

Stei)hen P. Wayl)ill, Jan. 0, 180;{. Kansas. 

Henry Wentworth, Dec. 81, 18()2. Dead. 

John Wentworth, Nov. 5, 1802. Hall's Corners, Ind. 

Ezra Worden, Mareh 3, 180i. Hall's Corners, Ind. 

David Worden, Feb. 28, 1808. Dead. 

KILLED. 

Corporal Burke D. Shafer, Shiloh, April 0, 1802. 
William H. Casebeer, Shiloh, April 0, 1802. 
John Haller, Stone Iliver, Dec. 30, 1802. 
Jacob II. MeClellan, Shiloh, April 0, 18()2. 
John roi)j)y, Shiloh, Aju-il (i. 1802. 
Piatt Y. S(iuiers, Shiloli, April 0, 1802. 
Jerome Kenyon, killed (aeeident) April 1, 1804, at 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

DIED. 

Sergeant Owen T. James, JNIarch 29, 1804. 
INIusieian Joseph II. Fckles, Huntsville, Ala., July 
12, 1802. 



co-VPAxy D. 169 

Jacob Baunifranlncr, Andersouville, June 22, 1804. 
Thoijius Blaekburue, Calhoun, Ky., Feb. IG, l.SG:i. 
Frwlerick Burner, Evansville, March 16, lS6i 
George W. Clark, Indianapolis, April 5, lS*i2. 
Henry I. Collier, Lavergue. Tenn., Sept. 2.S, 1862. 
Ebenezer Conway, Evansville, Marcli 25, 18»j;2. 
AVilliani A. GoMeu, Evansville, June 9, 1862. 
Samuel Hagernian, 1'itt.sburg Liuuling, Ai»ril 18, '6i 
James Hanan, Maysville, Ind., May 25, 186± 
Barney Kiiep]>er, Indianapolis, June lo, ltiii± 
David M< Curd, Pittsburg Landing, April 2, ls62. 
William Miner, Evansville, Dec. 22, 18*31. 
Charles Morse, Alien County, Ind., Feb. 23, 186i. 
Joseph Murray. Battle Creek, July 20, 18«>2. 
Thomas Parks, Henderson, Ky., Jan. 16, 1862. 
William Itoutsong, Andersonville prison, Oct. 25, '64. 
Lewis E. Shook, Jan. 10, IS-iy. 
Ira Worden, Andcrsonville prison, June 2o, 1804. 

TKANSFERllED. 

>'athan Rex, to llth U. S. I., Dec. 24, 1862. 
Alfred Wil>on, " ** " 

Cyrus ^lerriman, " " " 

exli.<tp:d men promoted to commissions. 

David K. Stopher, George Sohell, James Collier, 
George W, S<iuier, John E. Casebeer, Sylvester K. 

Stowe. 

RECRUITS. 
1862. 

Nov. 23. James Dallas, dischargeil May 2, 1863. Wol- 

cuttville, Ind. 
1SG3. 

Dec. 23. James Album. * m. o. Sept. 14, 18i>5. 

" 23. Benedict Buekhart, " " " 

16. Robert T. Burris, " •• 



ii 



170 



COMPANY 1>. 



It 


11 


tt 


II 


It 


it 


tt 


II 


tt 


It 


II 


tl 



Dec. 1(5. Wesley Burris, lu. o. Sept. 14, lSf55. 

" 2;{. Haiiuiel J. Folke, " 

Sept. l(i. Alex. W. I.ineh, Corp'l, " 
Dec. 21. Williiuii Sellers, " 

1864. 
Jail. G. John O. Adunis, " 

Oct. 19. Jumes Allen, •< 

Jan. 11. William M. Ball, " 

Feb. 10. John H. Bartliolomew, ni. o. April, 1865. 

Hall's Corners, Ind. 
Feb. 29. Samuel B. Byers, ni. o. Sept. 14, 18U5. 

Nov. 30. William B. Brigjrs, " '< n 

Oct, 20. John B. Burch, «« " '« 

Oct. 10. Flavins J. Burnett, *' " " 

Nov. IG. Robert Cook, " " " 

Oct. 20. Kzekiel P. Darling, " " " 

Jan. 29. Emanuel Dietricli, Corporal, " " 

Ohio. 
" 29. John H. Evans, 
Dec. 10. John G. Edwards, " Oct. 12, " 

Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Jan. 29. William Farmer, " Sept. 14, " 

" 0. Thomas Fleming, " " " 

" 8. Tobias M. Grimes, " " " 

Feb. 27. John C. Gib.soii, »' " " 

" 10. John W. (iusten, died April 2G, ]8tJo. 
Jan. 0. Harden Gillett, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. Dead. 
Feb. 28. Horace CUisten, '♦ " " 

28. ()liver(Justen,m.o. July;}, 1805. Harlan, Tnd. 
Jan. 2!». Charles F. Hickman, m. «j. Sept. 14, 1805. 

Harlan, Ind. 
Mar. 19. Samuel Hartel, killed at Chattanooga, July 

13, 18()4. Hall's Corners, Ind. 
Jan. 12. Abraham II. Hollingsworth, m. o. Sept. 14, 
1805. Harlan, Ind. 



■a 



COMPAXY D. 



171 



5. 

2<J. 

2(3, 

5. 



Feb. 10, 
Jan.' 12 

4 
Dec. 29, 
April 5, 
Jan. (i 
Mar. 
Jan. 
Oct. 
Mar, 
Feb. 2!). 
Jan. 4. 

4. 
Oct. 24. 
Mar. 12. 
Sept. 21. 
Jan. (i. 
Jan. 27. 



Sept. 2G. 

Dec. la. 

Mar. lo. 

Feb. 29. 

July 10. 

Jan. 6. 
Mar. 9. 

April 24. 
Dec. 15. 
Jan. 27. 
Mar. 22. 
" 13. 



m. o. Se])t. 14, 1SG5. 





























































































July 


25, 






Sept. 


14, 





William H. Hanan, 

Williani F. Harris, 

Joel W. Joimson, 

Matthew McKendall, 

Norman Luce, 

Absalom Lattimore, 

Henry Luce, 

James McBratney, 

Lafayette ISIullcn, 

Ilicliard Morten, 

Thomas D. McCortle, 

William A. McDaniel 

Joseph A. McDaniel, 

John McGowan, 

William Mattiie.s, 

Wiley M. Mathes, 

Astley 0. Pomeroy, 

Lucius C. Palmer, Corporal, m. o. Sept. 14, 

1SG5. Hall's Corners, Ind. 
Charles Quick, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 
John ]\[. Host, died at Chattanooga, July 18, 

18G5. 
George M. Riley, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 

Walter Smith, 
Thomas Search, 
Albert J. Spencer, transferred to V. R. C. 

March 18, 18()5. 
Jesse Swisher, ni. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 
Thomas S. Trittapoo, Corporal, ni. o. Sept. 14, 

1SG5. 
Zopher Tyler, m. o. Sept. 14, 18G5. 

John Teegarden, 
John H. WentwoHb, 
Whitlleld Welch, 
John Welch, 






it 






11 



It 



.O .Ui 



172 COMPANY E. 

Oct. 1(3. John Westfall, in. o. Sept. 14, ISC"). 

" 17. Joliii \V. Yati's, 111. (). June lU, 1S(>"). 

18U5. 

Feb. 28. Horace Gusten, in. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

" L'l. Israel Hiekson, in. o. Sept. 14, LSU). 

" (i. Joshua Balleiiger, in. o. INIay I'J, 18(i). 

Forty iliafteil men and suhstitntes wereaihled to the 
Company in November, I8(j4, and were mustered out in 
June and Ju\y, iH(i), except 

lialbert MeClure, wlio died at Chattanooga, ^lay 
14, l.S(ij. 

Whole desertions in ('ompany, 7 ; names omitted. 



COMPANY E. 

Company E was organized by volunteers from Whit- 
ley County, WilUam li. Cuppy taking an active interest 
in enlisting the men. He was selected by the men as 
their Caiitain, Isaac N. Compton as 1st Lieutenant, and 
Francis McDonald as 2d Lieutenant. These ollieers 
were eummissioned Sept. 20, 1801, and mustered in with 
the Company Nov. 22, 1801. The men enlisteil mainly 
in September before. 

CAPTAINS. 

William H. Cui)ijy, mustered in as above, led his 
Comi)any in the battle of Fort Donelson, where he fell 
seriously wounded while In advance of his (Jomiiaiiy 
bravely cheering them on in the contlict. He was en- 
tirely disabled, and died from the wound received, July 
15, 1802. 

William llildebiand wa^s mustered in as a Sergeant, 
promoted 2d Ijieutenant INIay lo, 1802, commissioned 1st 
Lieutenant Nov. 15, 1802, but not mustered ; iiroinoteil 



COMPANY E. 173 

Cajitain January 20, 1803, and was mustered out at expir- 
ation of enlistment, Dec. 5, 1HI)4, llesidence, Po, Allen 
County, Ind. 

Oliver P. Koontj^ was mustered in as a private, re- 
enlisted as a veteran, was promoted Captain January l(j, 
18U5, and was mustered out with the Kegiment. Present 
residence, Jilutfton, Ind. 

FIKST LIEUTENANTS. 

Isaac N. Compton entered the service as 1st Lieuten- 
ant at the organization of his Company, llesigned in 
April, iHiVl. llesidence, South Whitley, Ind. 

Francis McDonald was mustered in as lid Lieutenant 
at the organization of the Company, received honorable 
mention at .Shiloh ; was 2)ronioted 1st liieiiteiiant Ajtril 
lU, Lsiiii. llesigned Nov. 14, LSiJ:i. llesidence, Coiiin.i/ia 
City, Ind. ' 

William Hildehrand. See " Captains." i 

Andrew J. Reed was musteretl in as a private, was j 
promoted 1st Lieutenant January 20, iSliiJ, and was mus- 
tered out at the expiration of term of enlistment, Dec. 
21, 1)S(M. llesidence, Welt City, Mo. 
i John D. Spurgeon was mustered in as a private, re- 

enlisted as a veteran, was i)romoted 1st Lieutenant ! 
March 24, 180-), and was mustered out with the ilegi- I 
nient. llesidence, Manchester, Ind. l 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

Francis McDonald. See " First Lieutenants." 
William Hildehrand. See " Captains." j 

Stephen J. Compton was mustered in as a Sergeant ; i 
was ijromoted 2d Lieutenant January 20, 18(;.'{. lie- 
signed Jan. 10, 1804. Ilesulence, South Whitley, Ind. 

William S. Bitner was mustered in as a jjrivate, re- 
enlisted as a veteran, was promoted 2d Lieutenant 



174 COMPANY E. 

March 24, 18B5, and wa.s luusterea out with the Regi- 
ment. Keaidenee, Goslien, lad. 

VETERANS. 

Corporal James Coliett, Sergeant. CoHamer, Iml. 
Jay W. IJaker, Sergeant. 

Hiram F. liiddle, Sergeant. Colhuner, Iinl-. 
Harvey W. Bare, Sergeant. Biingor, Mieli. 
Fredericli Bantu, Corporal. Georgetown, Eklorado 
County, Col. 

William S. Bitner. See "Second Lieutenants." 
Samuel A. Baker, killed by railroad aeeident, Janu- 
ary 30, IHOo. 

Joseph W. Compton, Sergeant. Larwell, Ind. 
John Goucher. South Whitley, Ind. 
Daviil Hale. Dead. 
Oliver 1'. Koontz. See " Captains." 
Jackson Bippencott, Corporal. Columbia City, Ind.. 
Barrett liecard. Transferred to U. S. Engineers 
August li(i, 18(U. Kochester, Kan. 

John D. Spurgeon. See " First Lieutenants." 

THREE YEARS MEN. 
Corporal Samuel W. Havens. Collamer, Ind. 
Corporal John Y. Bobbins. Clair, Mich. 
Corporal John M. Albright. Dead. 
Adam Barsh. Independence, Kansas. 
Thomas Combs. Weaver, Dark County, Ohio, 
John C. Clapp. South Whitley, Ind. 
Martin Hathaway. AUi.M>u, 111. 
Sajnuel Heagy. Goshen, Ind. 
Theodore F. Nave. Tracy, Ind. 
Cary Pimlot. Wichita, Kansas. 
Joseph Ruply. North kanelieater, Ind. 
Elam Bobbins. Liberty ISlills, Ind. 
Amos Ilodearmel. Dead. 



COMPA!\^Y E. 



175 



Christoplier Sonders. Larwell, Iiul, 
John Shairiier. Roanoke, [iid. 
Steplieu ]McCurcly. ^ 

DISOIIAKGED. 

1st Sergeant George Sickafoose, April 28, 1802. Bu- 
chanan, Midi. 

Sergeant Jerome F. Combs, Aug. 8, 1862. Bead. 
Corporal Henry Kupley, August 8, 18ij2 ; wounds at 
Shiloh. South Whitley, fnd. 

Corporal Steiihen Circle, April 28, 18G2. Missouri. 
Musichm William Clapp, .July 11, 18U2. 

Joseph Anderson, Nov. 3, 1802; wounds. Liberty 
Mills, Ind. 

Andrew Arnold, April 28, 1862. 

Isaac Byers, April 28, 18G2. Van Buren Co., Mich. 

Ezra Bushnell, Jan. 23, 1802. South Whitley, Ind. 

Christian Burnsworth, April 28, ]8(i2. 

Noah Brubaker, Aug. 11, 18G4. Dead. 

Peter Boblet, Oct. 9, 18G3. Collamer, Ind. 

Alexander Goll", May 2G, 18G4. Collamer, Ind. 

Nicholas Hapner, April 28, l8G2. South Whitley. 

Alonzo King, Oct. 2G, 18G2. Larwell, Ind. 

William A. Kelsey, July 23, 18G2. Saturn, Ind. 

Simeon Oberhaltzer, Jan. 9, l8G-i. 

William Prugh, Jan. 12, 18G4. Larwell, Ind. 

Henry Rhodes, May 26, 1864; wounds at Chicka- 
mauga. 

Michael Sickafoose, June 2, 'G2. Columbia City, Ind. 
Albert Snyder, April 28, IS6I. 

KILLED. 

Samuel A. Baker, killed by railroad accident, Janu- 
ary 30, I860. 

Corporal Warren Banta, at Shiloh, April G, 1862. 
Nelson Parrett, at Fort Donelson, Feb. lo, 18()2. 
George Weanjer, died of wound at Shiloh, Apr. 6, '62. 



1 



i 



176 COMPANy K. 

Jnmcs jMiilIeiiix, killed at Stone River. 

DIED. 

John ISr. Collins, taken prisoner at Clilekaniauga, 
Sej)t. 1!), lS(i3; (lied in rebel jjrison. 

James Carpenter, taken i)ri.soner at Cliickanian-a 
Sept. 11), LS();j ; (lied in rebel jirison. 

Sergeant Henry Croy, Calhoun, Ky., Feb. 1<), l,sii2. 

Cori)oral Hiram Sniitli, Evansville, March 1, l,S(j4. 

Musician Lafayette Parks, Louisville, June au', 180,3. 

Henry IJrenneman, May VI, l,S(i2 ; wounds at Shiloh. 

JoHei)li Carns, Feb. 4, ]8()2. 

Solomon Carpenter, IMarch 15, 1802. 

Henry Dilater, Feb, 8, 1802. , 

John Denny, taken prisoner at Chiekamauga, and 
died at Anderson ville prison, June 1!), 1804. 

Asbury Grobel, .Jan. 12, LS0;5; wounds at Stone Kiver. 

Ceorge Holloway, in rebel prison, Danville Va 
ISIarch 7, lSt;4. ' •> 

CeorgeO. Henneniyer, Bowling Green, Ky., Janu- 
ary 1, 18(i3. 

Nathan Myers, Calhoun, Ky., Feb. 8, 1802. 
Henry Parrett, Cliattanooga, May 13, 1804. 
Josei»h I'arrett, March 0, 1802. 
William Stiver, Dec. 0, 1801, 
James W. Samuels, April 11, 1802. 
David Werts, Dec. 8, 1801. 

TllANSl'EKUED. 
Harrison Sayre, to Conii)any G. 

1862. KECRIUTS. 

Jan. 5. Henry M. Eagle, died May 15, 18G2 ; wounds 
at Shiloh. 
18G3. V 

Bee. 20. Hynry L. Davidson, ni. o. Sept. 14, l80o. 
11. William A. Dawson. " " i. 



COMPANY E. 277 

Deo. 11. John Hoon, m. o. Sept. 14, 18(j.3. 

" 2;5. Williiuii McCurty, " " 

" 2. Tlioiiuis H. KSiuith, " << .< 

" 23. Michael Wiule, 
1864. 
Mur. 5. Allred Bower, •» '« u 

" 11. Tliouius IJitidle, • i< u ■ .. 

" 11. John H. Biddle, '< «« »< 

as Corporal. Ligonier. 
" 19. Samuel Creuger, " •< u 

aa Cor])oral. Columbia City. 
Feb. 27. Henry F. Caunutt, m. o. Aug. 31, 1865. 
Jan. 0. Daniel Etnire, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

" 0. Jacob L. Etnire, " " u 

Mar. 1<J. William Fox, " '« .. 

Columbia City. 
" 19. Ellcanah Fletcher, 

as Corporal. Soutli Wiiitley. 
" 19. Noah Fletcher, <' " .. 

South Whitley. 

" 19. William R. Holloway, " " " 

" 5. William F. Jackson, " " " 

5. William T. Livingston, " " " 

" 6. William Long, " << ^ 

" 11. William INIcKlnney, " " i< 

Jan. 0. John :Malott, *' " .< 

Mar. 19. Samuel Pritchard, " " << 

South Whitley. 
Dec. 5. Alonzo M. Porter, <' «» u 

Jan. 4. John W. Parrott, died at Nashville, Aug. 8, 'G4. 
Mar. 11. Israel lliiotls, ni. o. Sept. 14, 180o, us Cor- 
poral. Columbia City. 
6. Joshua J. llamy^ m. o. Sept. 14, ISOr,. 
5. Lewis Sigars, " " i< 

9. Theodore A. Steward, '• «• «» 

Pawnee, 111. 



K 
(I 
tl 



I* 



i<.i>''l 



I 



178 



COMPAT^V F. 



m. o. Sept 



ti 
(1 
II 

u 
II 
11 

II 
II 



14, 18Go. 
«< 

Dead. 

l«(Jo. 



Feb. 27. David Sewall, 

Mur. 8. Hiram Sewall, 

" 19. Plenry Euric, 

Jan. 0. Jolm T. Weiiiland, 

Nov. 30. William L. Ilaniisou, 

]\Iar. 11. James L. Cross, 

Apr. 20. George W. Plaines, 

]SIar. 2. Isaac D. Reed, 

1865. 

Jan. 20. Daniel K. Shelton, 

" 2G. Thomas L. Shelton, 

J^'orty-six drafted men and substitutes were added to 
the Company in the fall of 1804, and mustered out in 
June anil July, ISOo, exeejit 

Alfred B. Alton, who died at Chattanooga, June 29, 
IBGo ; 

John Alton, died at Chattanooga, March 4, 1805. 

There were 12 deserters from the Company ; names 
omitted. 



COMPANY F. 

Company F was organized by volunteers from De 
Kalb County, who elected for their first olticers, George 
W. Merrill, Captain ; James Colgrove, 1st Lieutenant ; 
Thomas C. Kinmont, 2d Lieutenant. These otlicers 
were commissioned September 20, 1801, and were mus- 
tered in with the Company, November 22, 1801. The 
men mainly enlisted early in September. 

CAPTAINS. 

George W. Merrill entered the service as above 
stated. Resigned June 24, 1802. Present residence, 
Toledo, Ohio. 



COMPANY F. 179 

Thomas 0. Kinniont entereil the service as 2(1 Lieu- 
tenunt, at tlie orgiiiii/utiou of the Coini)any; led the 
CompHny at Fort Donelson and .Shiloh ; received a 
wound breaking tlie thigli bone; was honorably men- 
tioned in Colonel Reed's re])ort ; was promoted Cai)tain 
June 24, 18G2; resigned February 2o, 1803. llesidence, 
Hicksville, Oliio. 

John Gunsenhouser was mustered in as a Sergeant; 
promoted 1st Lieutenant INIay 15, 18(32; Captain, July 4, 
1863; led his Company at the battle of Chickamauga, 
where he fell tiie second day of the battle, September 
20, 1863. Pie was highly praised by liieutenant-Colonel 
Aldrieh in his ofHcial rejjort ot the battle. 

Irving N. Thomas was mustered in as Corporal, was 
promoted 2d Lieutenant March 21, lsG3, 1st Lieutenant 
July 4, 18U3. and commissioned September 21, 18(J3, but 
did not muster, and resigned as 1st Lieutenant January 
2, 181)4. Gone west. 

George H. Cosper was mustered in as a private ; was 
promoted 2d Lieutenant July 4, 1863; 1st Lieutenant, 
January 8, 18G4 ; Captain, June 3, 1804; and was mus- 
tered out with the Ilegiment. Lives in Kansas. 

FIKS'L^ LIEUTENANTS. 

James Colgrove was mustered in as 1st Lieutenant ; 
was promoted Adjutant, January 10, 1802; was honor- 
ably mentioned by Colonel Reed for conduct at Fort 
Donelson, and at Shiloh. In the latter battle his horse 
was shot under him. Resigned May 27, 1802. liesi- 
dence, Chicago, 111. 

John Gunsenhouser. See "Captains." 

Irving N. Thomas. See "Captains." 

George II. Cosper. See '■'Captains." 

Alexander Kinmont was mustered in as a C()ri)oral ; 
re-enlisted as a veteran ; was. promoted 1st Lieutenant 



i 



180 COMPANY P. 

June H, 1S()4 ; was promoted (iuartennastcr January 17, 
IHU"), anil was nuistered out witli the Regiuieut. Resides 
at Auburn, Ind. 

James M. Thomas entered the service as a private; 
re-enlisted as a veteran ; was promoted 2d Lieutenant 
March U-4, I8G0 ; 1st Lieutenant, June 10, ISGo, and was 
mustered out witli the Regiment. Residence, Ivearney 
Junction, liullalo County, Nebraska. 

SECOND LIKUTENATSTTS. ! 

Tliomas C. Kinmont. See " Captains. " ! 

lrfoh)mon De Long was mustered in as 1st iSergeant; i 
was promoted lid Lieutenant March 20, I8(i2 ; resigned 
December IS), ]S()2, and re-entered the service as Captain 
of the 12iitli Regiment Indiana Volunteers. Dead. 
Irving N. Thomas. See " Captains." 
George II. Cosper. See "Captains." 
James M. Thonuis. See " FiiiST Lieutenants." 
Alfred ]{ose was mustered in as a private ; re-enlisted 
as a veteran ; was promoted 2d Lieutenant June 24, 
ISGo, and mustered out with the Regiment. Resides at i 
Auburn, Ind. 

VETERANS. 

Musician Simon Aldricli. Waterloo, Ind. 
Isaac Brubaker, Sergeant. Corunna, Iml. 
John G. Casebeer, Sergeant. Butler, Ind. 
Ludwig Countryman. Newville, Ind, 
William Friend. Auburn, In<l. 
Samuel Jacijues, 1st Sergeant. Lansing, Mich. 
Alfred Rose. See " Second Lieutenants." Au- 
burn, Ind. 

George E. Revette. Dead. 

John H. Trauger, Corporal. 

Henry L. Wallace, Corporal. Paulding Co., Ohio. 

Hiram B. Williams, S'ergeant. Gone west. 



OOMPAy^Y F. lg| 

David N. Yarncll, Sergeant. Qua.sciuetou, Buchanau 
County, Iowa. 

Trusternian B. Totten, Corporal. Kansas. 
THKKK YEAKS MEN. 

Sergeant Wilson Nieliols. Fanner Centre, Ohio. 

Sergeant Nutlian T. Fuller. Newville, Ind. 

Corporal Marshall Hadsill. Sibba, Osceola Co., Iowa. 

David Andrews. Speneerville, DeKulb Co., Iiul. 

Lewis Beard. Newville, DeKalb Co., Ind. 

Joseph Craig. Waterloo, Ind. 

Calvin Casebeer. Jiutler, Ind. 

Edward R. Coburn. Isabell, Isabell Co., Mich. 

Peter Countryman. Newville, Ind. 

Richard Dirrim. Butler, Ind. 

George W. Freeby, m. o. April 20, I860. 

Isaac Fireston. Nettle Lake, Ind. 

Frederick Ginter. Butler, Ind, 

Henry Gunsenhouser. Butler, Ind. 

John H. Hart. Gone west. 

Harvey Nichols. Dead. 

Alexander L. Nichols. Butler, Ind. 

George W. Palmer, m. o. Dec. 12, 1804. Hieksville 
Ohio. ' 

John Slents. Butler, Ind. 

George W. Slents. Butler, Ind. 

Robert S. Schamp. Kansas. 

Martin B. Turner. Dead. 

DISCIIAKGED. 

Sergeant James H. Abell, Sept. 3, 18G2. Sj)encer- 
ville, Ind. 

Captain James M. Millei^an, August, 1802. Speneer- 
ville, Ind. 

Wagoner Nathan Matthews, March 9, 18G3. Auburn, 
I ndiana. 



•riT 



182 COMPAXY F. 

.. Henry J. Able, May 16, 1HG8. Spencerville, Iiul. 
Hollis B. Aikeny, Ai)ril 28, 1802. Newville, Iiul. 
Michael Brubaker, Feb. 11, ISG.S. DeeiTield, Iiul. 
William Y. liabeock, April 2.S, 18f52. 
Daniel W. Cole, March 11, 1803. Newville, Ind. 
William Coehran, August 11, 1802. 
William Deigh, Sept. 12, 1802. 
Ezra Dickinson, April 28, 1S02. Butler, Ind. 

Robert 11. Dirrim, July 11, 1802; wounds at Shiloh. 
Butler, Ind. 

Isaac Ditmar, Jan. 28, 1802 ; wounds at Shiloh. Au- 
burn, Ind. 

Francis M. Haughey. 

Alexander Hart, April 28, 1862. Illinois. 

David N. Hart, May 7, 1.S08. Colunibia City, Ind. 

Solomon Kinsley, July 5, 1802. 

Jacoi) Myers, Nov. 0, 1802. 

Henry Milliman, June, 1802. Spencerville, Ind. 

Robert Matthews, April 2S, 1802. 

James Revette, June 24, 1802. Butler, Ind. 

George W. Redd, Jan. 10, 1805, 

Samuel R. Rickett, Aug. 1, 1802. 

Thomas O. Sloan, June 25, 1802. Dead. 

John M. Scott, June 14, 1802. Dead. 

Nathan Stockwell, July 5, 1802. 

George B. Weeks, Sept. 21, 1802. 

Andrew J. Strole, Feb. 1, 1803. Dead. 

Francis S. Chandler. Waterloo, Ind. 

KILLED. 

Henry C. Pryor, Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 1863. 
John H. Webster, Stone River, Jan. 2, 1803. ' 
Stephen Turner, Stone River, Dec. 31, 1802. 
Nelscni IVIullenix, Stone River, Dec. 31, 1802. 



COMPANY F. 183 

DIED. 

James G. Dirrim, near Coriiitli, Miss., May 2, 1802. 
William lieiuler, Sliiloh, A\n\\ 0, 18(J2. 
William Collier, Sliiloli, April 7, 18(J2. 
Charles S. Beverly, ]kitfle Creek, Teiin., July 20, 'G2. 
William S. Rardoii, Huutsville, Ala.. Aug. 23, 1862. 
• Oscar I. Crane, St. Louis, May 21, 1802. 

Charles (). Danks, Rattle Creek, Tenn., Aug. 1, 1802. 
James Flora, Nashville, Nov. lit, 1S03. 
Hiram GalF, Evansville, May 3, 1802. 
Allen S. Headley, Henderson, Ky., Jan. 4, 1862. 
John Hombarger, New Albany, Ind., Oct. 7, 1862. 
Leonard Kirby, St. Louis, May 16, 1802. 
Warren Miilinum, Evansville, April 1, 1802. 
Henry L Monroe, St. Louis, Ai)ril 23, 1802. 
Orlando Oberlin, Pittsburg Landing, March 22, 1862. 
Bennetts. Robe, Chattanooga, Dec. 13, 1803. 
William M. Smith, Evansville, March 7, 1802. 
Louis B. Tifl'auy, Dec. 21, 1862 ; vv. at Stone River. 
Albert P. Totton, Evansville, March 7, 1862. 
George W. Wallace, Jan. 7, 1803 ; w. at Stone River. 
Michael McEntaller, Louisville, Ky., Nov. 28, 1802. 
Francis P. Bobbins, at Nashville, Feb. 0, 1803. 

TliANSFEllKED. 

Daniel Greenawalt, to Invalid Corps, August, 1803. 
Auburn, Lid. 

Chester B. Greenamyer, to Invalid Corps, May 10, 
1803 ; wounds at Stone River. 

Herman P. Colgrove, to Engineer Cori)8. Allegan, 
Pierce County, Kansas. 

Otis lilood, to Invalid Corps,. August, 1803. New- 
ville, Ind. 

VOLUNTEER RECKUITS. 

Nov. 12. Roland E. Ford, m. o. Sept. 14, 186.5. 
Oct. 22. Asapli Harwood, discharged Nov. 2, 1864. 



t 



A ,n 






184 COMPANY F. 

Nov. 12. Jacob Hicks, m. o. Sept. 14, 18(J5. 

J)cc. ;5. Jairett W. Hall, " 

Nov. 12. Hiigii \V. Dirriin, " " 

Oct. 7. Covert Lucas, " " " 

" 22. Stei)heii McCurdy, Corporal, " 

Nov, 12. Tempest T. McCurdy, died at Murfreesboro. 

Oct. 2. Jobu Notestiiie, in. o. Sept. 14, lS(5o. 

" 12. Samuel Oberlin, Corp'l, " 

Nov. 12. David U. llobinson, " 

12. Henry S. lleid, drowned at Chattanooga, No- 
vember 11, 18U3. 

" 12, Jacob Slentz, m. o. Sept. 14, 1«()5. 

" 12. Henry Slentz, 

Oct, 22, Fredericlf Shock, 

Nov. 12, George T. Shick, 

Oct. 2. Jason H. Tliurston, 

Dec. 8, George W. Townsend, 

3, David Weatherford, 
1803. 

Oct. 23. Samuel Anderson, discharged March 13; 186.5. 

April 27. James Brubaker, m. o. Sejil. 14, 180'). 

Dec. 2G. Henry A. Bailey, 

2. William A. Hood, 

" If). Jolm Irwin, 

" 20. Joseph U. Lough, 

" 11. William Morris, 

April 22. John H, Smith. 

Sept. 2(i. William C. Spaulding, 

Dec. 11. William F. Stewtirt, 

1864. 

April 12. John Brown, '• «' 

Lagrange, Ind. 

Mar. 3. John C. Baum, ' " •' 

Nov, 12. Hiram Briglit, 

Ajuil 12. William A. Diehl, 










































































11 






i 






" 



u tt 



COMPANY F. 



185 



Mar. 


3 


Apri 


[ 2 


Nov. 


3. 


Apri 


[ 2. 


11 


12. 


Dec. 


31. 


April 


24. 


Feb. 


3. 


Oct. 


4. 


April 12. 


II 


12. 


Oct. 


5. 


Nov. 


12. 


April 


3. 


Oct. 


22. 


April 


2, 


11 


2 


Nov. 


12. 


Mar. 


t). 


Dec. 


27. 


Mar. 


3. 


Nov. 


3. 


Dec. 


21. 


April 18. 


Jan. 


7. 


April 


4.1. 


Nov. 


3. 


11 


12. 


Jan. 


7. 


1865 


• 


Feb. 


22. 



«i 
<( 
it 



II 


II 


II 


11 


1 1 


II 


1 1 


11 


II 


II 


(1 


II 


II 


II 



Robert W. Ewbanks, ni. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 
Wiilliun Fiaher, " 

Jobn W. Forbes, " 

Suniuel Gouduum, " 

David Goft; 

li 11 tier, Ind. 
Alonzo E. Goff, 
George W. Golf, 
William R. Gofi; 
Wilson Hyatt, died, Cbattanooga, July 2*J, 'Go. 
Alexander Holinian, tn. o. Se])t. 14, 18G5. 

Corporal. Butler, Ind. 
George D. Hopkin.s, 
James W. Hyatt, 
Jobn Hall, 
David Jaccjues, 

Corporal. 
Cbas. Kooster, died, Cbattanooga, July 3, '05. 
Samuel Ludwig, m. o. IVIay 18, 18U5. 

Josepb D. K. Lowry, " Sept. 14, " 
Basil Lamb, " 

Wm. W. McClintock, " 
Geo. Mayers, died, Cbattanooga, May 20, '05. 
Jobn L. Smitb, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

Jobn Smitb, " " 



II 


II 




II 


II 


11 




II 


II 


Sept. 


7, 


1 1 


II 


Sept. 


14, 


II 



William H. Stoy, 
W^illiam H. Tbomas, 
Isom TuU, 
Sydney N. Welch, 

Corporal. 
Henry C. White, 
Tbomas Wakeman, 
Caswell York, " 

Wesley W. Lowry, 



II 
II 
II 
II 

ii 

II 

11 



June 20, 
Sept. 14, 



II 
II 

<i 
1 1 

II 



June 17, 



9 

> 



I 



186 COMPANY O. 

Mar. 3. Resin ISIaplos, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

" 10. Adam Olx^'ilin, " " 

Feb. Ii2. Alexander Sloatie, 

Mar. 10. John C. Smith, 

1. George P. Sliarp, 

G. Leander Vail, 

10. George W. Groves, 

— — . William F. Green, discharged April (i, 1805. 

Thirty-seven drafted men and substitutes were added 
to the Company in the fall of 1804, and mustered out in 
June and July, 1S05, except 

Isaac Rummel, died at Chattanooga, May G, 1805 ; 

Lorenzo Siphert, died at Chattanooga, Dee. 80, 1805. 



ti 

<i 



K 


11 


11 


(1 


tl 


'(1 


li 


<1 


It 


tl 


■ 1 


il 



COMPANY G. 

Company Q was organized by volunteers mainly 
from Noble County. About one half of the Company 
was recruited by Peter Snyder, of Kendallville, a patri- 
otic citizen too old for service in the field. The balance 
of the Company was principally recruited by Dr. Will- 
iam C. Williams, of Albion, who was chosen the first 
Captain, Henry C. Shoemaker, 1st Lieutenant, and 
David Carey, He! Lieutenant. These ofticers were com- 
missioned September 2.0, ISOI, anil mustered in with the 
Company, November 22, 1801. 

CAPTAINS. 

William C. Williams. See "Colonels." 
Edwin W. Matthews was mustered in as a Corporal, 
became Orderly Sergey nt, and was promoted Captain 
January 20, 180;{, and was mustered out at the expiration 
of his three yeara' enlistment, December 5, 1804. Pres- 
ent residence, Green Center, Noble County, Indiana. 



COMPANY G. 187 

Dan S. Johnson was mustered in as a Sergeant ; was 
promoted 1st Lieutenant February 17, iSOo ; Captain, 
April 20, 18(jo, and mustered out with the Regiment. 
Present residence, Van Wert, Oliio. 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

Henry J. Shoemalter was mustered in with the Com- 
pany. For tlie rest see Adjutant-General's report. 

James C. Riddle entered the service as a private, was 
promoted 1st Lieutenant January 20, 1803, and was mus- 
tered out at the expiration of his three years' enlist- 
ment, December 5, 1804. Residence, Merriam, Noble 
County, Ind. 

Dan S. Johnson. See " Captains." 

William O. Bidlack entered the service as a private, 
re-enlisted as a veteran, was promoted 1st Lieutenant 
April 20, 1805, and was mustered out with the Reginjent. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

David Carey was mustered in with the Company. 
For the rest see Adjutant- General's report. 

William H. McMurray entered the service as a musi- 
cian, was promoted 2d Lieutenant .^lliinuary 20, 1S03, and 
was mustered out at the expiration of his three years' 
enlistment, December 5, 1804. 

James Vanness entered service as company wagoner, 
was promoted 2d Lieutenant July 7, 1805, and was mus- 
tered out with the Regiment. 

VETERANS. 

Sergeant Dan S. Johnson. See '' First Lieuten- 
ants." 
• Corporal John G. Burw^ll, Sergeant. Kendallville. 

Henry Aumsbaugh, Sergeant. 

William Bidlack. See "First Lieutenants." 

Jasper Edsall, 1st Sergeant. 



188 COMPANY a. 

Liueius INIcGowan, 
Job Perkins. 

J;ie(5b Plufr, Sergeant. Merriam, Noble Co., Ind. 
Jefferson Shannon. Brinilield, " " 

Elniory A. Swenun. 
Melvin H. Stoner. 

J. Trowbridge, discharged Jan. 7, 18G4 ; disability. 
Levi Crunie, veteran from the 35th Ohio lleginient. 
Brinifield, Ind. 

TIIKEE YEAKS MEN. 

Charles Adams, then absent, sick. 
DISCHARGED. 

[Foil DISABILITY, UNLESS OTilEKWISK STATED.] 

1st Sergeant B. F, Ilawson, September 12, 18U2. 

Sergeant Lynnvn Blowers, Jan. o, 18G3. 

Corporal O. L. Rawson, Feb. 5, 1803. 

Corporal Chauncey Wright, Nov. 2o, 18G2 ; wounds 
at Shiloh. 

Corporal Samuel Wright, March 22, 1863. 

William Blair, May 7, 18U2. 

E. F. ICill, Feb. 17, 1802. Wolf Lake, Noble County, 
Indiana. 

Marks Henry, June 25, 1802. 

INIartin Minard, July 31, 18(12 ; wounds at Shiloh. 

Henry INIinaril, Oct. 8, 18<)2. 

David McDonald. Brimlield, Noble County, Ind. 

William McKee, July 31, 1802, 

Henry O'Grady, Nov. 17, 1802. 

Thomas Pierson, March 27, 1802. 

Aaron Pierson, Nov. 1, 1802. 

John Prickett, Feb. 7, 1802. Wolf Lake, Noble Co., 
Indiana. 

J. V. Prickett, May 2, 1803. Wolf Lake, Noble Co., 
Indiana. 



CO Ml' A ^'Y O. 189 

Albert Rice, July 1, 1802. 



Saimiel Wortsbaugh, Nov. 17, 1862. 
G. W. Wright, July 31, 18G2. 

J. Gruuialich, uuaccounteil for. Alma, Noble Co., 
Indiana. 

KILLED. 

A. P. Rattzell, Shiluh, April 6, 1862. 
Jacob Mohn, Sliiloh, April U, 1862. 

DIED. 

Sergeant Phineas M. Carey, Henderson, Ky., Feb- 
ruary 22, 1S62. 

Sergeant Neal Ruth van, on steamer en route for 
Paducah, May 10, 1862. 

Corporal H. J. Monroe, Andersonville, Aug. 22, 1864. 

Corporal Isaac Dukes, Murfreesboro, April 16, 186,3. 

Corporal Alfred Shields, Murfreesboro, Dec. 5, 186;{. 

William Atlkins, near Nashville. 

H. J. Belden, Evansville, April 16, 1862. 

Solomon Bean, Nashville, Nov. 2, 1862. 

Paul Bean, (Jlasgow, Ky., Nov. 6, 1862. 

Adjuna Bradley, Evansville, April 26, 1862. 

George Blowers, near Corinth, June 12, 1862. 

Guy Caswell, Kendallville, May 8, 1862. 

Henry Ely, May 4, 1862; wounds at Shiloh. 

J. Y. Johnson, Corinth, June 11, 1862. 

F. Johnson, Newbern, Ind., July irj, 1862. 

Henry Leslie, Murfreesboro, Tenn., April 17, 1862. 

J. B. Matthews, Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 2, 1868. 

L. H. JNIadison, Hamburg Landing, Tenn., May 1, 
1862. 

John Minkey, Athens, Ala., July 5, 1862. 

J. W. Norton, Evansville, Dee. 18, isiil. 

Francis Owen, Tuscumbia, Ala., July 1, 1862. 

Andrew Shannon, Murfreesboro, May 26, 1863. 

Jacob Zumbran, Murfreesboro, Jan. 21, 1863. 



I 



* r •/ • . » t • 



390 



COMPANY G. 



TRANSFERRED. 



ii ^ 
It 



James Builey, to 4th U. 8. Cavalry, Dec. 15, 18(J2. 
George Cariiuiny, to Engineer Brigade, ]Muy, 18(34. 
Milton Edsall, to Invi'lid Corps, INIay 7, 180;i. 
Ira Fuller, to Invalid Corps, Aug. 1, 1803. 
George Weanier, to Co. E, Jan. 2, 18(J2. 

RECRUITS. 
1862. 

Oct. 81. John R. Craford, ni. o. July 1, 18G5. 

Nov. 1. Lewis Fortune, ni. o. Sept. 14, 18Uo. 

Nov. 0. Lafayette Glover, " " " 

Sept. 2. James Lent, " June 13, 

•' Daniel Lent, " 

Oct. 29. Joel B. Murphy. •• Sept. 14, 

Dee. 1. J. Q. A. May, " " 

Aug. i). Alma L. Rfatthews, " June 13, " 

Sept. 21. Alphonso Z. llawson, " " " 

Nov. 21. Alfred P. Short, ni. o. Sept. 14, 'Go. Sergeant. 

1863. 

Dee. 29. George AV. Atkins, transferred to V. 11. C. 
Discharged June 2, 1805. 
" 18. William F. Armstrong, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 
" 29. George W. Bland, 
" 9. Alexander J. Bedall, 
is. John lu Coyle, 
as Corporal. 
11. John Carroll, 
23. John ChambeHaIn, 
0. John Jl. Dun lap. 



11 



" 25. James Dailey, 
" 2. John Derby, 



II 
<i 



11. James Gillesi)ie,'> 
13. Mitchell Gerard, 
29. James W. Hall, 





u 


11 




11 


11 




11 


1. 




<1 


i< 




Aug. 17, 


II 




Sept. 14, 


1 1 




II 


II 




(1 


ii 




<< 


II 




Dec. 13, 


1803 




Sept. 14, 


1805 



COMPANV O. 



191 






Dec. 20. 

'J. 

" 17. 

" 20. 

July 14. 

Dec. !i. 

" 18. 

" IS. 

y. 

1864. 

April G. 
Mar. 9. 
Feb. 11. 
April U. 
Mar. 11, 
April 20. 
Jan. 7. 



Jesse Jennings, 
(Joorge W. Malton, 
Ja MIL'S McCaun, 
Moses D. Peacock 
Hfury 0. Ileiser, 
Jeremiah Smith, 
Henry Smith, 
Jiichard M. Swift, died 
Charles W. Whitelock, 



m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 



11 



(I 



July 14, 
Sept. 14, 



Feb. 
Mar. 
Jan. 
Mar. 



b. 
U. 

0. 
11. 



(( 
it 

K 
II 
(I 
It 
II 
(i 
11 
It 



II 

It 
<t 
tl 
tt 
it 
ti 
li 
it 
I. 
tl 



It 
tt 



Jan. 0. 

7. 
Sept. 21. 

April 0. 

Dec. 9. 

Oct. 4. 

" 15. 

Jan. 7. 



II 
II 
It 



it 
II 
it 
tl 
tl 
it 
It 
It 
II 
11 
tt 



Charles B. Allen, 
Levi Crume, 
John Dunlap, 
Elisha J. Ellis, 
(Jeorge D. Flint, 
Hymen Howe, Jr., 
Thomas J). Hainey, 
Thomas J. Howard, 
Jenks P. High, 
Thomas E. Hughes, 
Charles P. HuUbell, 

as Corporal. 
Joseph M. Hathaway, 
Amos Johnson, 

as Corporal. Richhill, Ohio. 
Daniel Kreisher, m. o. 

John H. Lattimore, " 

Jacob Loveless, died at Chattanooga, June 11, 

ISOo. 

Lorin C. Madison, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805, as 

Corporal. 
Manson W. Miles, " " << 

Patrick McGraw, 
Felix Morgenroth, 
Otis Mullen, 



it 

tl 



11 
II 



It 
It 
It 



II 
II 

II 



II 
It 
II 



il. 



I 



192 COMPANY II. 

April 6. Williuin Mendham, ni. o. Sept. 14, 18G5. 

lioiiie City. 

Jan. 9. Job Perkins, 

Dec. 9. Henry llobbias, 

Miu: 17. Zaehariah Reed, 

Jan. 9, Harrison H. Sayre, 

" 12. George W. Smith, 

]Mar. 11. (;ieorge Tyner, 

" 11. James Vanmeter, 

Oct. 29. Henry Lawrence, 

Forty drafted men and substitutes were added to tlie 
Company in the fall of 180-4, and mustered out in June 
and July, iHGo, except 

Andrew J. McUillen, who died April 14, 1S65. 

There were 15 deserters, names not given here, two 
of whom were veterans. 





II 








II 








Aug. 


29, 






Sept. 


14, 






u 








11 








(1 








11 







COMPANY H. 

Company H was organized by volunteers from La- 
grange County, William B. Jiingham, a soldier of the 
Mexican war, and who had taken an active i)art in 
recruiting in the county, was chosen Ca])taiii, Joseph 
H. Danseur was chosen 1st Lieutenant, and Jacob New- 
man 2d Lieutenant. These olHcers were commissioned 
Sept. 20, 1801, and were mustered in with the Company 
November 22, 18(51. 

CAPTAINS. 

William B. Bingham. See"MAJOKS." 
Jacob Newman was mustered in as 2d Lieutenant., 
He led the Company at the battle of Shiloh, and when 
color-bearer and guards were shot down and the Hag 
riddled with bullets, " he bore it aloft," as mentioned 




JACOB NEWMAN, CAPT. CO. H. 




JOSEPH H. DANSEUR, CAPT. CO. H. 



I 






coMPAxr If. 193 

by Colonel Reeil in liis oliiciiil report, but fell wounded, 
I'eceiving u gun-shot wound in the bowels, tliat vvus :it 
the time sui)posed to bo inoruil. He was iironu^teil C;ap- 
tuin inmiediateiy after, April loth, l)ut never recovered 
so as to be tible to return to the Company, and resigned 
Nov. 14, 18)1.'. He has tilled the oltiee of county treas- 
urer of Jiiigrange County two terms since tlie wnv. He 
resides at Lagrange, and is still a suflerer from his 
wound. 

Josepii H. Danseur was mustered in as 1st Lieuten- 
ant, and was promoted Cajttain January lU, Lsii.'!. In 
December, 18f)3, he was ai)pointed Iusi)cetor-(ieneral on 
the stair of (Jolonel J. P. Fyll'e, commanding Sei-ontl 
lirigade, in (general Vuncleve's division, Aiiuy of tiie 
Cuml)erland, and wliiie carrying orders of his com- 
mander at the battle of fcihiloh, was severely wounded 
in tlie thigh. The wound disabling him, he resigned 
June 4, l.s(i;'>. The injury from the wouml linally re- 
sulted in permanent and fatal tlisease of the thigh bone, 
from which he died in IHlJti. 

Hiram F. Iving was mustered in as 1st Sergeant, was 
promoted 1st Lieutenant January :iU, IHU;}, (Japtain, July 
4, ISO,'}, and was mustereii out at the exjjiration of his 
tiiree years' enlistment, Deceuiber ,j, LSii4. He was lucn- 
tioneil by Colonel Aldricli in his ollicial report of the 
battle of Chickaniauga as liuving " done nobly." 

tSamuel P. JJradford. See " Ciu.VKTKii.'MASTiOHS." 

i'lHST LIEUTENANTS. 



Joseph H. Danseur. Soc " C.vi'Tains." 

Hiram F. King. See "Caitains." 

Daniel P. Strieker was mustered in as Corpoi-al, was 
promoted 2d Lieutenant January lii), 1S(]'{, and 1st Lieu- 
tenant July 4, ISii,;, and was mustered out at the expira- 
tion of his three years' enlistment, December o, lsi)4. 
I'resent residence. Fort Scott, Kansas. 
I 'I 



H 



194 COMPANY If. 

Hiram Pontius entered tlie service as a private, re- 
enlisted as u veteran, was promoted 1st liieutenant May 
1, 1S13"), and mustered out vvitli the Regiment. 

SECOND LIKUTKNANTS. 

Jacob Newman. See " Cai'Tains." 

Jolni B. Howe was mustered in as a Sergeant, was 
wounded at Sliiloli, i)r()moted lid Lieutenant April 1-'), 
LS(i2, and resigned on account of his wouiul Se])temher 
1, iSliii. Resides at Wolcottville, Ind. 

Daniel Strieker. See " Fikst LjeutenaN''J's." 

Sebastian Shoup entered tlie service as a private, re- 
enlisted as a veteran, served some time as Commissary 
and tiuartermaster-Sergeant, was pronnjted 2d Ijieuten- 
ant May 1, ISIH, and was mustered tmt with the Regi- 
ment. Residence, Coloma, Mich. 

VKTEllANS. 

Corporal Seymour B. Preston. Lagrange. 

]\Iusician Norman Sessions. Huntington. 

Samuel Arnold, transf. to U. S. -Kng., Aug. 18, 1864, 

Philip Blougli, Sergeant, 

Charles JJeard. iNIarcy. 

Valentine Brown, Corporal. 

Joseph Crogliam. 

George \V. Dille, Sergeant. Dead. 

Silas K. Freeman, 1st Sergeant. Burlingame, Kan. 

John T, Fisher, Corporal, 

John (Jiggy, Sergeant. liagrange, 

Joseph Orice, ('ori)ond. Wolcottville. 

lildward Hanslip. Osage City, Kansas. 

John C. Hill, Sergeant. Lagrange. 

Joseph D. Hill. 

Isaijih Newnam. Wolcottville, 

John Nelson. North Ijil)erty. 

Hiram Pontius. See " Fiusr Lieutknants." 



COMPANY H. 195 

DaviJ lluiulall. 

Williiim ypt'urow, Sergeant. 

Franklin .Stiecker. Wulcuttville. 

Sebastian iShoiip. See " SiaoNu Lieutenants." 

James Tuclv. Wolcottvjlle. 

THIIKK YEAKS MEN. 

Sergeant David M. Hart. Lagrange. 

Sergeant Daniel Howe. Dead. 

Corporal James Sutton. 

Samuel Babb. Dead. 

Jaeob Deter. Lagrange. 

John Gillett. Wolcottville. 

George Gregory. Dead. 

David D. Motfett. Notre Dame. 

John Newman. Flint. 

Martin F. Rowe. 

Terry llandol. 

Charles Wilson. Marcy. 

Robert Silbaugh. 

DISCIIAllGED. 

Lfou disability, unless othehwise stated.] 

Corporal George Roy, wounded at Shiloh. Lagrange. 
Corporal Charles E. Law. Wolcottville. 
Musician John H. Stoner, Aug. 10, 18U3. Dead. 
Wagoner James H. Hoagland, May 10, 1804. 
Peter Alspaugh, Sept. 'J, 1.S03 ; w. at Stone River. 
Daniel liower, July -.S, ls<>i.>; wounds at Fort Donel- 
son. Wolcottville. 

George IJenham, June 25, 1S(J2. Lagrange. 

William Crow, wounds at Shiloh. Dead. 

John Dawson. Dead. 

Samuel Kimaii. Lagrange. 

Orson Elya. 

Carey B. Frisby, July 17, 1802. Lagrange. 



19(5 coMi'ANy If. 

Vuubiiren Fishor, Jan. 2, isii.'!; wdH. at Stone River. 

Patrick Foley, Feb. l»(), IKOJi. 

Daniel {Jindlcspaif^'er, July 2i>, 18f)2. 

David (jiiM(ll('.sj)arger. 

William D. (jlroves, Mar(;ii '24, 1SIJ;{. Dead. 

Edwin Hulbert, Dee. ;il, LSU;]. Kendallville. 

Melauetlion Hoir, May 3, ISUH. Dead. 

Daniel Knigbt. Bru.sby Praiiie. 

William Knigbt, June ^o, LsOii. Dead. 

James 1. Moiri«()n, Ai)ril liS, 18G2. Lagrange. 

Mattbow W. J^feDowell, Aug. 21, bS(J2. 

Joseph Opie, Feb. 2, isu;}. 

Henry Randall, June 13, 1805. 

Daniel Sjiearo, June 18, 18()2. ISTarcy. 

Jobn !Si)ear(). Brusby I'rairie. 

Edward Smilb, Dec 27, 18(12. Ringgold. 

George W. .Smith, July 4, lstj2. 

Charles R. Tyler, July (i, IS<)2. 

KILLED. 

Corporal Augustus A. Galloway, Shiloh, April (>, '62. 
John V. Curtis, Shiloh, April (i, 18(;2. 
Jerome Wright, Hbiloii, April G, 1S()2. 
Orvin Page, .Siiiloh, Ajiril 7, 18G2. 

DIED. 

Sergeant George M. Fish, Calhoun, Ky., Feb. 24, '62. 
Corporal George W. Sehermerhorn, Nashville, July 
12, lS(i;}. 

Corporal James I/ongi-ar, lOvansville, JSIarcb lit, 1862- 

John Hurridge, Mound City, 111., May 20, 18G2. 

John D. Crist, Nashville, Feb. 2, 18g;J. 

Jacob Coldren, Pittsbyrg Landing, May 6, 1SG2. 

Henry Croft, Corinth, June!), 1SG2. 

Vincent C. Dyanum, St. liouis, March 21, 1862. 

Andrew J. Hart, Henderson, Ky., Jan. 20, 18G2. 



iK. 



1 1 
11 
It 



II 



II 



COMPANY H. 197 

David Harris, New Albany, April 20, 18(52. 

Arthur Haywocnl, South CarroUou, Ky,, Jan. 28, '02. 

Elias }Iol.sin<,'er, New Albany, Nov. 8, 1802. 1 

George lic^lsinger, Pittsburg Landing, March 28, '02. 

Victor Ivctchaui, Nashville, Fi^b. 28, 1803. 

David Nelson, Nashville, Jan. 19, 1803. 

Charles H. Nichols, New Albany, April 17, 1802. 

Hiram S. Perkins, Evansville, ]March 17, 1802. 

TKANSFElUiED. | 

Henry C. Beam, to Marine Brigade, June 20, 1808. [ 

AVilliaai Starkey, to 4th U. S. Cavalry, Dec. 1, 1802. j 

Dead. 

KECIIUITS. 
1863. 

Sept. 5. David F. Hoe, m. o. June 13, 1805. 

1863. 

Dec. 31. James M. Caterlin, i; 

31. Josei)h M. Clark, 

21. Henry D. Downs, 

21. Joiin A. Diehl, 

" 2<J. Nicholas Foble, 

" 21. Cornelius Cillespie, 

" 20. Samuel II. Hutchinson, 

" 20. Jact)b Hileman, 

" 21. Frastus D. Johnson, 

" 20. Jame^ W. Marsh, 

" 20. Jesse llyan, 

1864. 

Mar. 7. Isaac Blough, died, Chattanooga, June 21, '04. 

7. Fleazer Blough, ilicil at home, Sept. t), 1804. 

" 5. William S. Clark, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

" 9. Thomas Cunninglnyn 

Jan. 1. AVilliam Cloyd, 

Mar. 14. Cornelius Conkling, died at home, April 18, 
1804. 





-y V. 1^^ V . XX 


J M.KJ^JfJ, 

























































i 



t 



II 
l< 

11 
11 
11 




































198 COMPANY I. 

M;ir. 11. Ralpli V. Clark, dioil at Indianapolis, March 
12U, 1«()-1. 

" 5. Albert Davis, ni. o. Sept. 14, ISU'), 

" 18. Patrick Foley, Corporal, " 

April (). IJenjaiiiiu (riggy, " " 

" G. Abner Uilbert, 

jNIar. 7. John 11. Hickman, 

" 7. Henry 11. Hickman, 

Ai)ril 2. Jonatlian Hinds, 

Feb. 2. John Hail, 

Jan. (i. John Miller, " 

G. Jacob J. Musgrove, " 

April (). ]<]li Moser, died at Chattanooga, ISfay 22, 18(i4. 

Hept. 4. IJenjamin llacine, died, Nashville, July o, 'Go. 

Jan. (J. .Silas llichardson, m. o. Sept. 14, iSGo. 

(i. Francis M. Richardson, " " 

" (). James S. Spaulding, " " " 

Mar. 7. (Jeorge H. Scott, " " " 

Ai)ril U. John INI. Sigler, m. o. Sept. 14, IBGo, as Corp'l. 

18G.5. 

Feb. 27. Jesse Brandon, m. o. Sept. 14, 18(55. 

" 27, Carleton C. Cox, " " 23, " 

" 27. Scott Hardy, " " 14, " 

Forty-one drafted men and substitutes were added to 
the Company in the fall of 181)4, and mustered out in 
June and July, iS(i'); except 

John S. Ciinnon, died at Chattanooga, Feb. 17, 1805 ; 

Jolm W. Wood, died at liouisville, Dec. 17, 18U4. 

Deserters, 4; names omitted. 



COMPANY I. 

Company I was organii^ed by volunteers at Elkhart, 
the men being mainl}' recruited by Albert Heath, who 
was chosen Captain ; Josejjh C. Hodges wm selected by 
the Comi>any for 1st Lieutenant, and James F. Curtiss 



COMPANY I. 19 J 

for 2tl Lieutonant. Tlie onicers were eoimiiissioned 
Septoiubor 21), Lsiil, uiid imisterod in with tiie Coiiipaiiy 
November 22, following. 

CAPTAINS. 

Albert Heath entered the service as Captain, at date 
above mentioned, led his Company at the l)attle of Fort 
Donelson, and acted as Major for the Regiment at 
tShiloh, wliere he was eonspiciioiis for daring bravery. 
In the afternoon of the first day of the battle, wiiile the , 
Regiment was figliting on the left, and during the \ 
momentary absence of the Colonel, who was obeying 
some order from the Brigade commander, the acting 
Major ordered a charge, and crying out, "Remember 
Buena Vista," led on. The men bravely followed, but 
were slaughtered in the lew moments that followed 
more tiian during any hour of the day. He received 
honorable mention by tlie Colonel in his oHicial report, 
led his Company on from there to Corinth, Battle Creek, 
Louisville, and back to Nashville, when he was i)ro- 
moted to Lieutenant-Colonel of the 100th Regiment, 
and afterward to Colonel. Was wounded under Sher- 
man at Missionary Ridge. Resides now at San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

Joseph C. Hodges. See " Likutrnant-Coi.onkls." 
James F. Curtiss. See " Colonels." 
David S. ]Jelknap was mustered in as a Sergeant, 
was promoted 2d Lieutenant January 20, 1803, 1st Lieu- 
tenant March 21, 1S0;5, and was nuistered out as 1st 
Lieutenant at the exjjiration of enlistment. 

Onius D. Scoville entered the service as a private of 
Company A, was promoted 2d Lieuteiumt of Com])any 
A, June 11, 1803, and Captain of Company I, February 
17, 1805, and was mustered out with the Regiment. 



4 

i 



200 co^n^A.\y i. 

FIRST LIEL'TKNANTS. 

Jose])h i). Hoilyc's. See " Likutionant-Colomcl.s." 

J:iiii«'s F. (,'uiti.ss. See " C'oi.onkl^." 

Daviil S. lJclUiia|). See " (Lvi'TAlNS." 

Williiiin II. Il()a;L,']an(l entered the serviee as a j»ri- 
vate, re-en li.sted as a veteran, was promoted l.-t Lieu- 
tenant March 20, iSUo, and wa^ jnu.stered out with tlie 
lieginient. 

SKCOND LlEUTENANl's. 

James F. Ciirtiss, See " Coi.oxkl.s." , 

David S. iJelknap. See " CaI'Tains." i 
Frank IJaUlwin enlisted January in, l.S()2, was com- 
missioned -d Lieutenant ()cl(jl<er IS, l8(iJ, hut was not 

mustered, served in tlie batth; of Stone Jliver as a I.ieu- | 

tenant, and fell in tiie line, kiileil, Decemlier ;il, 1S(>± ' 

Cliarles M. Hinman enlisted January K), \s:,l, was 

promoted 2d lieutenant March 21, ISij;}, and dieil of , 

disease April 27, ISiJ.'^. ! 

Cullen W. Green was mustered in January lU, 1802, ) 

was promoted 2tl Lieutenant July IS, 1H(;;{, and was mus- ! 
tertd out July 2.S, IsiJ.i, under Circular No. 7-j. 

Piatt Hoaj^land entered the service as a i»iivate, re- 
enlisicd as a veteran, was promoted 2d Lieutenant July 
] J, l8iij, and was niu.stered out with the Regiment. 

VETERANS. 

Corporal Ambrose C. Luinb. 

Corporal Joseph li. Stanley. 

Cor|toral JeHer.son liender, 1st Sergeant. Dead. 

Cori)oral Willis Layton. 

Wagoner Samuel F. Miller. 

Peter Anderh-r. 

Orlando Axtell. 

Joseph IJenedict. Flkhart. 



co^fpAxr I. 



201 



David Riirton. 

John linise. Wolcottvillu. 

iMurthi C. Daniier. 

Piatt HoaiLflaiKl. See "Skoonu liiKUTiCNAXTs." 

Wiliiaiu H. Houohmd. See "Fihst Likutknaxts." 

Peter Hartney, Corj)oral. 

Frederie Johiisoii. Klkhart. 

Goori«e W. Keeley, Klkliait. 

Allison Kiiee. 

Lorenzo Nolan, Corporal. Niles, Mich. 

Adani Scliauin. 

Cliarles W. Smith. 

lienjaniin StroLi],, Cori«)ral. ■ 

Frederic Stroiip, Sergeant. 

Simon J. True. Elkhart. 

Frederic Tavener, Sergeant. 

John Tavener. 

The Adjutant-General's- report shows very imperfect 
accountin-for of the original men of tliis (k.mpany 
AVe have heen able to make a few corrections, hut only 
u lew. JJcsides the veterans and the killed, the record 
of the balance of the original men of (he Company 
api)ears as follows : 

Sergeant Levi C. Vensln, died April 2H, 1SG2. 
Corporal Ambrose C. Lamb, m. o. Oct. 0, ISfJo. 

Josejdi li. Stanley, m. o. Sept. 15, Isiij. 

Charles L. Fish, unaccounted for. 

Charles M. Ilinman. See " Skcond Lieu- 

TKNANIS." 

Alexander S. J)evor, missing in action, Sep- 
tember 19, 1HU3. 

Willie Layton, nu o. Sept. 15. m>o. 
Musician (Jeorge W. Keller, discharged Feb. 14, mVi. 

William Free, discharge.l, lHr,± Lagrange. 
Wagoner Samuel Miller, m. o. Sept. 14, 'U"). Elkhart. 



<i 



i 



202 COMPANY I. 

Hugh Bagley, tninfened to V. U. (^ Dead. 
Cliriistiau Hos.s, nussiu^- in action, Sept. IK, ]S(i3. 
Daniel JJroolis, died in Danville, Va., prison, Febru- 
ary 14, 1HG4. 

Israel liolander, unaccounted for. Elkhart. 

Denning Benton, unaccounted for. 

Emanuel INI. Carpenter, ni. o. Nov. 22, 'G4. Elkhart. 

Isaac Clark, unaccounted for. 

William (/lark, unuccounteil for. 

Lemon Clark. 

Jacob Clark, unaccounted for. 

Cyrus Clapp, discharged April 23, 1803. 

Sherman Cordie, discharged Jan. 0, lS(i3. 

Anthony S. l)aveni)ort, died at Elkhart, Aug. 4, 't)2. 

James 11. Diltz, m. o. Nov. 22, 1804. 

SoiomoJi (iruber, unaccounted for. 

Martin G. Hurd, transferred to V. R. C. 

Wentworth Irwin, unaccounted for. Niles, Mich. 

JNIarshall Kyle, unaccounted for. 

Noah Krieble, m. o. Nov. 22, 1802. 

Joseph Layton, unaccounted for. 

Benjamin F. Layton, unaccounted for. 

George Maybie, discharged Oct. 0, 1802. Elkhart. 

Isaac Marshall, unaccounted for. 

Michael McNivy, unaccounted for. 

Henry ]\[issler, ilied March 13, 1S03. 

Patrick Murt, transferred to 1st U. S. V. I<]ngineers. 

Lewis A. Money, transferred to V. R. C. May 8, 1804. 

John Martin, discharged June 30, 1802. 

Cornelius Millspaugh, unaccounted for. 

George Tringle, " " 

Irvin Robinson, " " 

William Sluglee, ' " " 

James A. Smith, " " Elkhart. 

William Smitli, m. o. Nov. 22, 1804. 



I » 



COMPANY I. 



203 . 






James Smith, transferred to V. R. C. 

Samuel E. ymilli. See "Adjutants." 

Franklin Stone, discharged June 22, 18(52. Elkhart. 

George Stevens, unaccounted for. Dead. 

l)a\'id II. Spencer, " 

Oscar Wooilwortli, " 

KILLED. 

Nelson jNIansfield, at Shiloh, April G, 1802. 
Giles Drake, at Stone lliver, Dec. 31, 18(12. 
Frank Lammers, at Shiloh, April G, 18G2. 
John Declute, at Shiloh, April G, 18G2. 

KEORUITS. 
1862. 

Nov. 22. John Hemelin, m. o. Nov. 22, 18G4. 
1863. 

Jan. 10. N. H. Strong, unaccounted for. 

Dec. 11. George Ashby, m. o. Sept. 14, 18G 

" 28. James Fisher, 

Sept. 2;3. Barton Lucas, 

Dec. 17. Henry Lucas, 

" 2G. Jesse Ochel, 

" 2;{. Silas W. Stotler, 

1804. 

Mar. 5. Stephen Aiken, Corp'l, " '* '♦ 

April 14. Samuel Brumer, unaccounted for. 

Mar. 7, George B. Beavis, m. o. Sept. 14, 18G5. 

April 14. Samuel Bruner, 

Mar. 14. Ira D. Butchelder, 

Oct. 17. Josiah J}est, 

Mar. U. Peter H. Can n, 

" 8. Jackson Clark, 

" 27. William H. Career, 

" 7. Christopher C. Drake, 

Mar. 8. William H. H. Ford, 


























" 















































I 



204 coMPAyy k. 

Mur. 7. John A. Hooker, m. o. Sept. 14, ISO). 

Oct. li). (^•i)rge T. Juek.son, 

Jan. 9. (Muirle.s O'Neill, Herg't, 

April 14. John Nichols, 

Miir. 5. Duvicl Kiitter, 

" ;n. Daniel J. Smith, 

Get. 12. Williaia P. Sovereign, 

" 5. Andrew J. Wagner, 

jNIar. 5. William Westfall, 

1865. 

Mar. 8. George T>. Armstrong, 

" 14. James II. Adwell, 

" 14, Horace Andrew, 

" 8. Samuel Fry, 

20. Theodore Miller, 

14. Cieorge ISIitchell, 

14. Henry A. Parker, 

8. William L. Shaw, died at Nashville, Tenn. 

7. John Weldon, m. o. Sept. 14, IBlir). 

Forty-two drafted men and .suhstitutes were adiled to 
the Company in the fall of lhtJ4, and mustered out in 
June and July, 18G'). 

Deserters, 2 ; names not given. 



u 




























































COMPANY K. 

Company K was orguniziMl hy volunteers from tiie 
southern part of Steuhen and the northern part of De- 
Kalb counties. The ollicers tlrst selected were: Wesley 
Parks, Captain; Simeon C. Aldrich, 1st Lieutenant; 
John H. Wilson, 2d Lieutenant. The ollicers were com- 
missioned September 2U, I8(il, and mustered in witli the 
Company, November 22, 18G1. 



coMPAyy K. 20o 

CAPTAINS. 

AVesley Parks ttx)k iiii active jwirt in recruiting tlie 
Couijiany, and was selecteil by the luen as their first 
Captain, but resigned December 10, 1801, ou account of 
disability. Died in August, ISfiS. 

Simeon C. Aldricli. Set; "Colonels." 

Jwlin H. Wilson was mustered in as 'Id Lieutenant, 
was prouioted 1st Lieutenant December 10, IS'il, and 
Captain, Januarj- 20, 1803. Was honorably mentioueti 
by Colonel Uetil in his rei)ort of Shiloh, and by Coh>nel 
Aldrieh in his report of Chickamauga. Mustere^l out 
at the exjjiration of Ijis tliree years' service, December \ 
o, 1&04. Died a few years after llie war. j 

Moses JJ. Willis was mustered in as a Sergeant, was 
commissioned il Lieutenant April 17, lsO;i, but did not 
muster in, re-enlisteil as a vetenin, was promoteil Caj>- 
tain January lii. l5>»>5, and WJis mustered out with the 
Regiment. Resides at Auburn. Ind. 

FIRST LIEUTtXAXTS. 

Simeon C. Aldrich. See '* Coloxels." 

Jolin H. Wilson. See "Captains."- 

Norris S. Bennett was musteretl in as 1st Sergeant, 
was pnuiiotetl '2d Lieutenant Dectmber 20, IsOl, 1st 
Lieutenant JanuarN* 'JO, 18<>3, and resigned April 16, 
1S03. on account i>f di&idjility. Resides at Oriaud, Ind. 

Eugene .S. Aldrich was mustere<l in as Sei-geant. pro- 
moted lid Lieutenant January J", l*^>J, 1st Lieutenant 
November 1, lS!i3, and was mustereil out at the expira- 
tion of three years' service, Dei-ember 5, 1804. Resides 
at Pleasant Lake, Ind. 

John (t. Long was mustereii in as a Corporal, re- 
enlisted as a vet«-nin, was jinmioled 1st Lieutenant 
Mareh 11, l.'Mio, and was mustered out with the Regi- 
ment. 



206 COMPANY K. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

Jolui H. Wilson. See "Cai'TAINS." 
Norrls S. Bennett. See " Fik«t Lieutenants." 
Eugene S. Aldrich. See "Fiu.sT Lieutenants." 
INIuses B. \\ illis. See " Cai'Tains." 
jS'ieliolus En.sley entered the nervice as a private, re- 
enlisteil us a veteran, served several months as ehief 
clerk of courts-martial by order of General Thomas, 
was promoted Ordnance-Sergeant, Quartermaster-Ser- 
geant, and then promoted 2d Lieutenant, June 24, lS(i5. 
Has '^inee served as county treasurer of DeKalb County 
two terms, overcoming adverse majorities against the 
party nominating liim. Residence, Auburn, Ind. 

VETERANS. 

Sergeant Moses B. Willis. See "Cai'TAINH." 

Cori)()ral John U. Long. See " Fikst Lieuten- 
ants." 

Musician William T. Kimsey, Principal Musician. 

Henry Altman, Corporal. 

]5enjamin F. Cornell, 1st. Sergeant. 

James M. Chilcoat, Sergeant. Fdgerton, Ohio. 

Nicholas Ensley. See "Second Lieutenants." 
Auburn, Ind. 

Samuel Fair, Sergeant. 

(Uiaries Lockwood, Corporal. Auburn, Ind. 

(Jeorge W. McDorman, Corporal. 

Orange O. lloe. 

David Smith, Corporal. 

Jeremiah J. Shatto, Q,uartermaster-Sergeant. Clear 
Lake, Ind. 

James Sloan, Sergeant. 

Korimui C. Sliank. Flint, Ind. 

CoU'enis Surface, Corporal. 

Levi VVallick. jSIissouri. 




NICHOLAS ENSLKY, 

LIKUT., CO. K. 



i 



CJAfPAJVy K. 



207 



Sliurbuii liiilliinl, mustered in Jan. 9, '02, re-enlisted, 
and w:is mustered out with tiie Jlegiment. 

Martin L. lloleoml), mustered in January 9, ISdL', re- 
enlisted, and was mustered out witli tlie Uegiment. 
Hamilton, Ind. 

TilllEK YEARS MEN. 

Sergeant Geor-?e VV. Gordon. Auburn, Ind. 
Musieian Joini M. Kimsey. Waterloo, hul. 
ISrartin V. llellleliiiger. JJutler, Ind. 
William H. Kynett, m. o. Jan. 11, 1H(>5.' 
riiilii) Tarnell. Waterloo, Ind. 
Mculison Rogers. Nebraska. 
Sylvester Shank. Hillsdale, Mich. 
Franklin W. Willis. Waterloo, Ind. 

DISOII.VKGED. 

Sergeant Saninel H. PJlliott, March 27, 18U3. Pleasant 
Lake, Ind. 

Corj)oral Malconi Bennett, July 30, 1862. Dead. 
Corporal Caleb M. Clark, April 27, I8(i3. Hudson, 
Indiana. 

Corporal Charles M. Bixler, Feb. 8, lS(i2. Middle- 
ville, Mieli. 

Corporal Thomas O. Leslie, June 17, I,SU3; wt^tmds 
at Shiloh. Albion, Ind. 

AVagoiier Henry Eldridge, Oct. 3, 18G2. Dead. 
John Cook, Jan. 2l>, I8li3. Dead. 
Jacob G. Casebeer, a[areh 23, 18(53. Dead. 
James Gaylord, Oct. 3, lS(i2. Dead. 

William A. Greemunyer, March 19, 1803. Hudson, 
Indiana. 

John Guice, April 11, 1801. 

Gerard F. Housel, Dec. H, 1802. Auburn, Ind. 

Robert Hall, Dec. 2l), 1802. Dead. 

John H. C. Hoffman, July 1.',, Ls02. Ligonier, Ind. 



208 coMi'Ajyy k. 

I-fonry H. Hiiwlcy, Nov. 10, 1>1(>2. 

Alhort lli.ii-^iiis, iMiirch 2.'}, IHII.!. 

Leuiuinl lloodU'incyor, Kept. 2;), ISO;}. Auhiini, fiid. 

Ileiiben Lockwood, April 2S, ls()2. Aultuni, iiul. 

lloiiry ('. Lfinoii, Sept. 21, 1S()2. 

Jacob Link, ()c{. 1, l»(i2. Auburn, Iiul. 

Jauu's iMilU'i-, Aug. 18, 1S()2. 

William Mid Ik'ton, Jan. 27, 1«(>3. Dead. 

George iNIorley, Out. 1, l«(i2. Angola, Iiul. 

IjUUsou Miiuday. 

James K. IVarse, Aug. 7, 1802; wounds at Shiloh. 
Auburn, Inil. 

Lemuel Kiebey, July 5, 18()2. Cberubusco, Ind. 
.Daniel W. Sciuire.s, Aug. oO, lS(i2. JJead. 
C;iiarles lAL Tbomas, Aug. 29, 1802; wouudd at iSlii- 
loh. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

James CJ. Wiseman, April 12, ]8()4. Dead. 

KILLED. 

John J\I. Chillcoat, Cbickamauga, Sept. 20, 1803. 
Harrison Ilarwood, Stone lliver, Dec. 31, LS02. 
George F. Wilson, C;iiickamauga, .SeitL 20, 1803. 

DIED, 

Corporal Ilirani L. Smith, London, Tenn., April 2o 
1804. 

Ellas Bayl<»r, Nashville, Jan. 2, 1803. 
SinuMi M. Culler, l]attle Creek, July 20, 1802. 
Charles Creiger, suitjxtsed Jo have died at Louisville, 
llobert Douglas, dieil, place not known. 
Abram Dejiuy, SI. Louis, I\Iay li), I8(i2. 
San)uel Fnsley, Henderson, Ky., Dec. 2"), 1801. 
Cornelius lliiilon, " " Jaii. 1, I8(i2. 

Andrew Ilollopeler, JMuVfreesboro, April 17, 1803. 
Flijaii Lock, Corinth, June 1, 1802. 
Samuel K. .Meast', St. Louis, June lo, 1802. 



COMPAQ y K. 209 

John O. IMcMilleii, New Albany, Oct. 10, 1802. 

William JMelaiuly, Naslivillu, Nov. 10, 1S(;;5. 

Edward iMusser, Henderson, Ky., April 11, 1802. 

Henry Sevorence, " " Feb. 20, 1N02. 

George Sanderson, May 14, 1802; wounds at Hhiloli. 

Jolin L. Sliotto, lOvansville, Dec. 11, 1801, of wounds 
receiveil at Hbilob. 

Orlo A. \Vliij)i)Ie, Nasbville, Feb. 21, 1803, of wounds 
received at Stone lliver. 

Solomon F. Watros, Keokuk, July 4, 1802. 

George W. Swain, died at New Albany, Ind. 

TKANSFEKRED. 

Corporal W. H. H. Cornell, to V. R. C., Aug. 1, 1803. 
Auburn, Ind. 

Jolin J. Frampton, to Marine service, Sept. 21, 1802. 
Josepli P. Sissoji, to 4tli U. S. Cavalry, Dec. 7, Ls(i2. 
Samuel E. Squires, to V. 11. C, Oct. 21, 1803. 
Joseph Thompson, to 4th U. S. Cavalry, Dec. 25, '02. 
Lsaac M. Wood, " " " " u 

Hiram M. Fanning, wounded at Shiloh ; detached 
to Pioneer Corps. 

William T. Hinkle, promoted to 2d Lieutenant of 
Company A, 74th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 

VOLUNTEER KECKUITS. 
1861. 

Nov. 22. William H. Kynett, m. o. Jan. 11, 180.5. 

18G2. 

Aug. 19. James Arnold, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

" 19. Fearless Arnold, " " •< 

Jan. 20. Hiram L. Fanning, m.o. Jan. 20, ISO). Dead. ! 

Aug. 19. James Jones, m. o. Sejjt. 14, 180.-). I 

9. Jediah Killum, ^ " " .. | 

Dec. 5. William H. Malott, " " »• 

as Sergeant. 

14 



coMi'Axy K. 20i) 

John O. McMillen, New Albany, Oct. 10, 18G2. i 

William Melautly, Nashville, Nov. 10, 1,S(;;5. ' 

Eilwanl Musser, Henderson, Ivy., April 11, 1802. 

Henry Severence, " " Feb. 2(), lS(i2. 

George Sanderson, May 14, 18()2; wounds at Shiloh. 

John L. 8hotto, Kvansville, Dee. 11, 1801, of wounds 
received at Hliiloh. 

Orlo A. Whipple, Nashville, Feb. 21, 18(33, of wounds 
received at Stone Itiver. 

Solomon E. Watros, Keokuk, July 4, 18G2. 

George AV. Swain, died at New Albany, Ind. 

THANSFEliRED. I 

Corporal AV. H. H. Cornell, to V. R. C., Aug. 1, 1SG3. I 

Auburn, Ind. ' 

I 

John J. Franipton, to Marine service, Sept. 2], 1802. j 

Josepli P. Sis.son, to 4th U. S. Cavalry, Dec. 7, Ls02. i 

Samuel E. Squires, to V. 11. C, Oct. 21, 1803. ; 

Jo.seph Thonipson, to 4th U. S. Cavalry, Dec. 25, '02. • 
Isaac M. Wood, " " " " u 

Hiram M. Funning, wounded at Shiloh; detached 
to Pioneer Coriis. 

William T. Ilinkle, promoted to 2d Lieutenant of \ 

Company A, 74th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 

voluntep:r reckuits. 

18G1. 

Nov. 22. William H. Kynett, m. o. Jan. 11, 1805. 
18G2. 

Aug. 19. James Arnold, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805, 

" 19. Fearless Arnold, " " " 

Jan. 20. Hiram L. Fanning, m.o. Jan. 20, 1805. Dead. ! 

Aug. 19. James Jones, m. o. Sept. 14, 180.-). ' 

9. .lediah Killum, ' " " .. | 

Dec. 5. Williajn H, Malott, " " " | 

as Sergeant. ' | 

14 I 



il 



210 COMPANY K. 

Nov. 21. Einamiel Rex, m. o. Sept. 14, iSli"). 

ii!^ Coi'])<)r:il. 

Aug. 2. Adam StiUsiiian, " " " 

18U3. 

Dee. 23. Samuel E. Anderson, " " " 

" 2;}. James C. Ben.son, " Sept. 2, 

" 23. Daniel C. Cook, " Sept. 14, 

" 23. William H. Clark, 

" L'3. William Clark, captured, June 9, ls(i4. 

" 23. Richard Foster, m. o. August 22, ISO."). 

" 20. Victor D. Ilodshier, m. o. Sept, 14, 18(io. 

" 23. John A. J. Mitchell, 

" 23. James Montgomery, " " " 

" L'G. Francis M. Rust, 

" 23. John M. Ryan, " " " 

1864. 

April 4. William II. Boran, " May 1-5, 

Mar. 9. John Cliillcoat, " Sept. 14, " 

Feb. 20. Joseph Connell, " 

Jan. 9. Archibald Curry, 

13. Francis ]M. Chamberlain, " " 

Sept. 24. William Cannon, 

Feb. 24. Andrew F. Dull, 

" 29. Isaac Dinwiddle, " Aug. 24, " 

Jan. 23. John D. Elliott, " Sept. 14, " 

Mar. 11. Isaac Ebert, died June 4, 1865. 

" lo. James E. Fair, m. o. Sept. 14, ISGf). Carson 
C'ity, Nevada. Sherili". 

Jan. 1(). David Frazer, m. o. July 29, 1805. 

Islar. 17. Devi Guthrie, in. o. Scjit. 14, 1805. Hudson, 

Indiana. 

Mar. 15. Jas. 11. Harkrader, m. o. Sept. 14, '05. Dead. 

Ai)ril 14, liconard Iloodlemeyer, m. o. Sei)t. 14, 18()5. 

Auburn, Ind. 

Jan. 13. Albert Heusler, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 

Mar. 17. Charles Hickson, " " " 




GEORGE W GORDON, 

COMPANY K. 



COMPANY K. 211 

June 10. Abmhaiu W. Hooker, ni. o. Aug. 16, 18G5. 
Ai)ril i>, Lyniuii Lockwood, ni. o. Sept. 14, 1865. Au- 
burn, lud. 
Jan. 18. August Koeliler, ni. o. July 2, 1865. 
Mur. 11. Jerome Morse, nj. o. Sept. 6,1865. 

Feb. 20. Joab Molllitt, " Sept. 14 " 

Jan. 13. Oeorge F. O'Jiyrne, " '« •» 

IMar. 15. Albert Pepple, " «« t« 

I'utten Station, Intl. 
Jan. 7. DeForrest Parker, " «• << 

Feb. 20. Zaehariah Rozell, " «* «» 

Mar. 15. Joel Smith, dischargea June 2, 186^. 
April 2. Ambrose Smith, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 

" 2. Isaiah Smith, " " u 

Mar. 15. Cliristoi)her C. Simon, " " " 

Swan, Ind. 
Oct. 7. Isaac Snyder, died, Chattanooga, April 8, '65. 
Mar. 5. Jolin L. Stacy, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 
Jan. 31. William F. Smart, m. o. Sept. 14, 1805. 
Feb. 20. Samuel Thomas, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 
Jan. 7. Martin Whittig, tr. to V. H. C. May 11, 1865. 

14. David Williams, m. o. Sept. 14, 1(S65. 
Mar. 17. James E. W^ashington, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 

17. Isaac Washington, " '* u 

Feb. 20. Moses B. Willis, promoted. 
1865. 

Jan. 27. John W. Clumce, m. o. Sept. 14, 1865. 

Feb. 21. Silas Morehouse, " " <• 

Thirty-four drafted men and substitutes were added 
to tlie Company in the lall of 1864, and were mustered 
out in June and July, 1865, except 

Henry I. IJarckman, who died at Chattanooga. June 

28, bsiM. 

Deserters, 4 ; names not given here. 



212 UN ASSIGNED. 



UNASSIGNED. 

Jsiines R. Devor, mustered in Oct. 3, 18G4 ; served in 
Camp Ciirrington, THdiaiiapolis, in command of (luard.s, 
Guard (iuarter.s, and Prison ; mustered out INIay 2, iHlif). 

George Cassel, mustered in Jan. H), I80:i ; unaccount- 
ed for. 

Noble Clierry, mustered in Jan. 10, 18G2 ; discliarged. 

Henry O. Cole, mustered in April 28, I8(i4 ; unac- 
counted for. 

Jului Dickerhoof, died at Nasiiville, Tenn., Septem- 
ber, 18G3. 

Edward Durgar, mustered in October 26, 1804 ; unac- 
counted for. 

Charles Fike, mustered in Jan. 10, 18G2; unaccounted 
for. 

Almon Gray, mustered in Sept. 17, 18G2; unaccounted 

foi'. 

Isaiah Gardner, mustered in Dec. 27, 1864 ; unac- 
counted for, 

William P. Hodges, mustered in January 16, 18G2; 
unaccounted for. 

Thomas Hall, mustered in Jan. 10, 1862; discharged 
July 16, 18G2, on account of wounds. 

John A. Haughey, ihuslered in Oct. 2, 1862 ; unac- 
counted for. 

Samuel Hartle, mustered in March 3, 18G4 ; unac- 
counted for, 

Francis A. Johnson, mustered in November 12, 1862; 
unaccounted for. 

John Lent, mustered in §ept. 12, 1862; unaccounted 

for. 

Michael McEntolFer, mustered in Oct, 2, 1862; died 

Nov, 20, 18G2. 



lUllI U t.1 <l<l« t 



THE SUTLERS. 213 

"Williaiu N. Morrison, mustered in Oct, 2, 1802; un- 
accounted for, 

John Mustard, mustered in Oct. 26, 18C4 ; unaccount- 
ed for. 

iSIarion W. Mills, mustered in Dec, 9, 18()4 ; unac- 
counted for. 

Ransom B, Miller, mustered in Feb. 10, 1805 ; m. o. 
May l.S, 18U-). 

Fianeis 1*. Ilobbins, mustered in Nov. 19, 1802; died 
at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 0, 180;1 

Jeremiah Woolfortl, mustered in January 10, 1802; 
unaccounted for. 



THE SUTLERS. 

The Forty-fourth Imliana Regiment was well favored 
in res|)ect to Sutlers. Wesley Parks, after his resigna- 
tion as Captain of Company K, was apijointed Sutler, 
and filled the place until April 22, 1802, when he resigned 
on account of ill health. His son. A, B, Parks, suc- 
ceedetl him, and assisted by his brother Henry, served 
the Regiment with sutler supplies until the day of its 
muster out. Their dealings with the otlieers and men , 

•were LuUuriiblt' und eriu-rou?.. In ><vt^rj.l liusii«-i>.l i 

«tiiij;i":i'iiii;!Ji"5- lUu^' AiiaiiiTrtt ju ^j».'i-.u*J'4 4*j<i: .j<,v»<iiii »."<. I 

They are both living now at Keudallviile, Indiana, and 
at tlie tirst reunion of the Regiment, April 0, 1.S80, man- 
ifested their old war-time generosity and kindness by 
taking charge of all the arrangements for the meeting, I 

and providing a free supi>er lor the soldiers j;resent. ^ 




WW 

|BRS0NAL ]^E60LLE6TI0NS, 



BY 



Colonel Hugh B. Reed. 



APPENDIX. 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 



-BV- 



COLONKL H. B. liKEJJ. 



CHAPTER I. 

At the suggestion of our friend, the Author of this 
History, 1 will attempt to give some personal recollec- 
tions that may at least interest those who took jjart in 
the stirring times to which they refer. 

As Major Rerick has well said of our Regiment, it 
was tomposed of the better clahs of citizen?, many of 
its members occupying independent positions in life. 
They left their farms, shops, stores and homes, at their 
country's call, from no other than patriotic motives. 
There was no thought of drafting or bounty at that day. 
They gave up home, family, friends, to fight their coun- 
try's battles, from love for these — that their chiitlrcn 
might retain the blessings* which had thus far been 
theirs. This alone prompted them to cast aside every 
comfort and all that had heretofore made life desirable, 



• 216 i'i'iiVS'O.Y^l /. RECOLLECTIONS. 

to face the dangers of the battle field, death in hospital, 
starvation and inhumanity in rebel prisons; to give up 
their own liberty to the will, and too often the caprice, 
of men no better nor wiser than themselves. As our 
Chaplain, Dr. Beeks, said in a sermon he preached 
while we were at Evansville, Ind., where he had for- 
merly resided: "The men of my Regiment are of the 
snlt of the earth, every man of the i.ooo being the 
equal of the highest and best in your midst." 

After leaving Indianapolis for the front, and while at 
Evansville, Ind., awaiting orders, the Colonel received 
a letter from General T. L. Crittenden, to whose Divi- 
sion the 44th Indiana had been assigned, weh oming us 
to the tented field. About the same time a committee 
from the loyal citizens of Henderson, Ky., visited our 
camp, urging the importance of our Regiment going to 
that point for their protection from rebels that beset 
their town. When this was represented at headquarters 
by the Colonel, the 44111 was ordered to Henderson, 
Ky., where it was most hospitably received by many 
Union-loving citizens, and as heartily cursed by those 
of rebel proclivities. 

While here, "my nigger" was the main topic of 
interest with all — Union and rebel. The slaves thought 
the year of jubilee had <o«ne, and were marching for 
the lantl of Canaan, and naiurall)' came to the Regi- 
ment tor helj) across tlie river. Nor were they disap- 
pointed, in so far as menibers of the Regiment could 
help them "over the river," notwithstanding the "strict 
ortlcrs " to the contrary. The Colonel could only wink 
at it and abuse the Adjutant, who was a full blooded 



rEItSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. '217 

Abolitionist and an ex Congressman to boot. They 
must not be seen, but tiiey were hid in all parts of the 
camp. 

Even in this year of grace 1880 very few people but 
those that were in the army have any conception of the 
intense interest manifested by the people of the Slave 
States for their "institution." Intelligent, well-to-do 
planters would ride for days with the Regiment on its 
marches, to try to capture a slave of whose escape they 
had heard, or even from thinking it probable there 
might be one with us— not their own, but a slave, no 
matter whose. They gave up their time, labor and 
money to that, under all circumstances. To help catch 
" a runaway nigger " was more exciting than a fox hunt ; 
a pair of hand-cuffs was a toy carried in the coat pocket, 
to be slipped on the wrists— representing the brush stuck 
in the cap of the victor. 

The slaves were hunted like hares, and were covered 
up, the pursuers foiled, thrown off the scent, with equal 
zest. When just about ready to leave Henderson fur 
Green River, they pounced down upon and drove two 
" likely boys " to cover, in an old cabin in our camp. 
While the captors were getting out their manacles, one 
of the ''boys" as quick as a flash was past them, out 
the door and away. His shadow was often seen after- 
wards, flitting from wagon to tent. The other, slower 
witted,gave up mournfully, and without a word submit- 
ted to be carried off. On another occasion, at Calhoun, 
Ky., a "boy" hotly pursued was boxed up, a canteen 
of water and his rations added, and shipped to Evans- 
viUe, Ind., to a sure friend. Major Stoughton, Surgeon 



218 PERSONAL RECULLEC'lIOyS. 

Martin — both Democrats of tlie strictest sect, the former 
having been candidate for Elector on the Breckenridge 
ticket, and Surgeon Martin a man of as miicli weight in 
the councils of his party at home as any other — and Ser- 
geant Sol. DeLong (afterwards Lieutenant- Colonel of 
another Indiana regiment), stood godfathers to this de- 
liverance from bonds to freedom. I'his is but an illus- 
tration of tlie spirit with which the game was jjlayeii^ 
one intent on capture, the other on defeating the wily 
slave-catcher— as it also illustrates theory I'ersus prac- 
tice. Both Stoughton and Martin were pro-slavery at 
home, and the members of the 44th Indiana, generally, 
indignantly spurned the imputation of going out to free 
the slaves of our "Southern brethren," as was charged 
by rebel sympathizers. 

And yet these same men were the most hospitable, 
kind and companionable to be found anywhere. Should 
you visit their house, if nothing was on their table but 
"coon pone," you would be pressed to partake with 
the same cordiality as if a feast had been prepared. 
Their bonhommic and geniality were irresistible. With 
a bottle of peach, apple or Bourbon at their elbow to 
cheer, all care was given to the dogs, enjo)ment reigned 
supreme. 

The following letter from an ex Governor of Ken- 
tucky is in point : 

COLONKL Rekd : JANUAHY 18. 18C2. 

Dkak Sik,— a boy of mine by the name of Newton, 
as I am Inlornied, A)llovve(l your lU'^lnK'nt liom this 
plueu to C'allioun. I have reason to bclitve tiiat lie is 
now in eanip, and I will be under great ol)li{;ations to 
you tor any facilities you may allbrd Mr. iu taking 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 219 

possession of liini and retiuniug him to me at this 
place. Tlie boy iss about 2J yearw ohl, 5 ft. 10 or 11 inches 
lii^h, copper colored, a blacksmith by trade, and a large 
mark down his Ibrehcad of lighter color than the rest of 

his face. INIr. is fully authorized by me to take the 

said boy and bring him to me. 

Very truly, etc., ^\ 

The goods were not delivered to the ex Governor's 
order. 



CHAPTER II. 

After some weeks the Regiment became weary of 
inactivity, the men longed to be doing sometliing — to 
push on, and help put down these rebels in arms; this 
done, to go home to their legitimate callings. We took 
up our line of march for Calhoun, Ky., where we joined 
our Division, under command of General Crittenden. 
Here we spent some time in drilling, and marching up 
and down Green River in the mud and slush of that 
malarious region, and passed through the fiery ordeal of 
acclimation to camp life. The hospital was soon filled 
with those that had been used to a far different life. 

After marching to South Carrolton and back without 
meeting the enemy, the order for our brigade alone to 
prepare for a campaign against Fort Henry and Fort 
Donelson was hailed with the liveliest anticipations by 
all. To go where some fighting was to be done de- 
lighted every one but the unfortunate sick in the hospi- 
tal. After the mud, slush, drill, bad fare, malaria, and 
Buell's slow movements, it was glorious to be booming 



220 PERSONAL lihCOLLKCTIOXS. 

down ihe Ohio by steamer. When we arrived at Fort 
Henry we found (ieneral Grant i)reparing his forces for 
a march to Fort Donelson. Our brigade was ordered 
to return by steamer down the Tennessee and up the 
Cumberland River to Fort Donelson. The whole army 
was jubilant. Speeches of the spread-eagle order were 
made from the decks of our steamers, in tones that made 
the welkin ring — doubtless (?) making the hearts of the 
secesh cpiake, as they rang from the river banks to the 
wooded hills and valleys between. While still under 
this patriotic fervor, it was proposed and carried /lem. 
con. that the Colonels of the brigade should in a body 
call upon and offer our congratulations to the command- 
ing General, and take his dimensions. We found Gen- 
eral Grant in the cabin of his steamer, deeply immersed 
in the plans of his campaign, and apparently weighed 
down with his responsibilities, great drops of sweat 
standing on his brow. But a few months previously I 
had met Captain Grant on board the cars of the Illinois 
Central railroad, acting as mustering-in officer. Myself 
and friend were on our way to Cairo, to take a look at 
the military at that important post, hoping we might 
see a fight. We were well provided with good cigars 
and Cognac, and being interested in all that pertained 
to military affairs, we soon made acquaintance with 
Captain Grant. He informed us that he had been 
electeil Captain of a company raised at his town, and 
had refused to accept ; that having been a Captain in 
the regular army, he felt that he was entitled to a higher 
position ; but proffered to drill and go with them to the 
rendezvous at Springfield, wliere he hoped to find a 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 221 

better opening. He had been disappointed, and was 
about to return lionie, wlien a friend had interested him- 
self in iiis behalf with tiie Governor, who had there- 
upon sent for him, and offered him a position on his 
staff until opportunity presented for something better; 
and he was then engaged in mustering in recruits along 
the line of that road. The something better soon came, 
and here we find him at the head of an army invading 
the "sacred soil" of Kentucky and Tennessee. 

On the following day we steamed down the river to 
jPaducah, where we were joined by other steamers bear- 
'ing troops for the same destination, the whole making a 
I grand procession, with banners, music and cheers, per- 
, haps the most impressive sight that had there been seen, 
i witnessed from the river banks on either shore with 
I bounding hearts or gnashing teeth, as the beholder's 
sympathies inclined North or South in the coming con- 
flict. 

The boat on which the 44th Indiana was embarked 

was the fastest of the fleet. There were no " orders " on 

i. the subject of procedure, and we were in no way averse 

to taking the benefit of our speed. The Colonel of a 

; regiment of Kansas '* jay-hawkers," whose steamer had 

started from Paducah first, bellowed himself hoarse in 

protest and threats, making much merriment by his 

j efforts to drown the whistle of our steamer, standing on 

j a stool, gesticulating and perspiring. His regiment had 

; the reputation of cleaning a green regiment out of all 

! their possessions. When they" passed through a camp 

it was left as bare as a field of grain by the army-worm. 

This made "old soldiers" of that regiment when they 



2'22 PKRSOXAL liRCOLLKCTlOXS. 

awoke to a realizing sense of their condition, in the 
morning. The next green regiment IkuI to pay the 
penahy. 

When our imposing and brilliant array had reached 
the vicinity of Dover, the 44th Indiana was disem- 
barked, and at once marched forward to the battle-field. 
Knowing little what awaited us, we made small j^repar- 
ation for creature comfort. When night found us in 
front of the enemy's entrenchments, not permitted a 
fire to cook our coffee, most of our blankets left with a 
guard at the landing, and no means of getting them, 
without rations, our first introduction to the enemy was 
not made under the most fiivorable circumstances. We 
were compelled to "bundle" as best we could to pro- 
tect ourselves from the cold of the most inclement night 
of the year. The snow that fell during the night cov- 
ered us like a garment. On our beds of dry sticks we 
slept the sleep ot the just. In the morning we drank 
our coffee, munched our "hard-tack," which had now 
reached us, fell in, and marched forward to the attack. 
The 44th Indiana's first position was taken, by request 
of General McClernand, in support of a battery. Here 
the enemy's shot were aimed too high, passing over our 
heads. After a time, tlie enemy not assaulting as ex- 
pected, we moved Anther in advance, and formed our 
line of battle on the left of the 17th Kentucky (being 
part of our brigade— the ist Brigade of Lew. Wallace's 
Division). As we moved forward we received a heavy 
fire, wounding a number t>f our men. When our line 
of battle was formed. Colonel John A. Logan, of the 
32d Illinois, came to me and asked that I withhold our 



PERSOXAL RECOLLECTIONS. 223 

fire for a time. I complied with his request, whicli I 
found a much more difficult matter than he, i>robably, 
and I most certainly, anticipated, as we were exposed 
to the enemy's fire for what seemed an interminable 
time — the bullets whistling about our ears and the men 
being wounded, thus making our position a very trying 
one in this our first baptism of fire. The enemy's fire 
slackening, to make sure there were no others than the 
enemy in our front (the brush and small timber obstruct- 
ing our view), that we might get at them without further 
delay. Captain Bingham, Co H, carried our Hag for- 
/ ward to a prominent position and waved it in the air as 
a gage of battle. This was at once responded to by a 
volley, and answered with great zest by the men, who 
1 had hitherto served only as targets. General McCler- 
nand's troops had fallen back. A portion of our brigade 
: alone was left. The enemy being repulsed in our imme- 
, diate front, an attempt was now made to turn our left 
flank with cavalry and infantry. Three companies of 
our left wing were wheeled to the right, and opened fire 
upon antl re])ulsed their attempt to get to our rear. The 
Colonel's attention was now called to a fact which we 
had been too much occupied to notice, that the 44th 
was entirely alone, and the other regiments of our bri- 
gade had withdrawn. Having repulsed the enemy and 
i thwarted their attempt to surround us, we slowly with- 
' drew, in perfect order. After going some distance we 
, were met by the Colonel commanding the brigade, who 
I informed me that our forces «Nvere at a certain jjoint, 
; where we joined them. While occupying this position 
I we could see the enemy reforming his lines, on a steep 



224 PERSONAL liECOLLECTIONN. 

wooded liill, not far from the battle-field of the morn- 
ing. After some delay our brigade was ordered, in 
conjunction with Colonel Morgan L, Smith's brigade, 
to storm the very strong position held by the enemy. 
The 8th Missouri had the advance. When the 44th 
Indiana arrived at the scene of action, the 8th Missouri 
was hotly engaged in by far the fiercest contest of the 
day. We at once pressed forward to their aid, and 
formed our line of battle amid a hurricane of bullets. 
Finding that we were in rear of the 8th Missouri, we 
were compelled to perform the difficult feat of changing 
our position to the left of that regiment under the heavy 
fire of the enemy, which was done. We then charged 
up the hill in the most gallant style, at double quick, 
cheering loudly. Without intending thereby to detract 
from ("olonel Morgan L. Smith and the 8th Missouri, 
who fought gloriously, it was the charge of the 44th 
Indiana that started the rebels from their position. We 
pursued them some distance, and were then joined by 
other regiments of the brigade which had passed further 
to the left. Wiiile consulting as to whether we should 
pursue them into their works, they opened fire upon us 
with artillery, the shot and shell falling in our midst. 
An order was now received from General Grant, recall- 
ing us. We returned to the foot of the hill from whence 
we had routed the enemy, and l)ivouacked for the night. 
We were ordered to attack their works early next 
morning. We were all ready to march forward, when 
news reached us of the survender. This not being offi- 
cial, we continued our march. The 44th Indiana, at 
the head of the column, passed over their entrench- 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 225 

ments and through the ranks of the enemy, drawn up 
in line of battle. We marched to the landing at Dover, 
and took possession of the immense stores of captured 
property. 

From some cause the 44th Indiana failed to receive, 
in the reports of the brigade and division commanders, 
the credit to which it was justly entitled for the part 
performed by it in the battles of the morning and after- 
noon of February 15th. With no intention to lessen 
or in any way detract from other regiments engaged, I 
will here say that to the 8th Missouri and the 44th 
Indiana belong the honor of storming the position held 
by the enemy on the hill, and their defeat here induced 
the surrender of the Fort next morning. The part of 
the 44th in this most important engagement attending 
the capture, was as conspicuous and brilliant as that of 
any regiment engaged. We were exposed to the same 
bullets as were the 8th Missouri, which had the advance. 
The 44th formed in line of battle under a heavy fire, 
moved to the immediate left of that regiment, and made 
the brilliant charge which decided the battle. In my 
official report I say : 

" My regiment advanced to the foot of the hill occu- 
pied by the enemy, formed in line of buttle in the luce 
of u storm of bullets. Finding the ground in our front 
occupied Ijy the 8th Missouri regiment, 1 udvuneed my 
regiment one hundred yards, fa(;e<l to tlie front, and 
charged up the lull at double (luiek— our men loudly 
cheering." 

And yet General Lew Wallace, by a shuffle, manages 
I to give to the nth Indiana the position occupied by the 
44th Indiana, in his official report, without reason or 



226 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

justice, unless it may have been that the nth Indiana 
was his former regiment. 

As has been said elsewhere, the 44th Indiana fought 
its own battles of the morning and afternoon, without 
seeing or receiving an order from any other officer than 
its own Colonel commanding, after taking up its line of 
march for the battle-field. Had either brigatle or divi- 
sion commander been with us, we could hardly have 
failed receiving the justice denied us in their official 
reports. 

Immediately after the surrender our brigade received 
marching orders, and we returned to Fort Henry, where 
we remained for a time, while the Army was reorgan- 
ized. Our ist Brigade, 3d Division, was transformed 
into 3d Brigade, 4th Division, General S. A. Hurlbut 
cominanding. 

The reorganization of the Army completed, we were 
now ready for a forward movement into the heart of 
rebeldom. Early in March, 1862, the Army was em- 
barked at Fort Henry on steamers and transports, with 
attendant gunboats, for Pittsburg Landing, making 
altogether the grandest spectacle ever seen by the inhab- 
itants of that wild region. All were warriors of tried 
metal now. Each Hector and Achilles wore his honors 
thick upon his brow, to wliom all must homage pay. 
Had not Fort Henry and Fort Donelson succumbed to 
the prowess of these mighty men ? Why should we not 
feel that " No pent up Utica contracts our powers — that 
all the boundless continent was ours " ? 

Our fleet was composed uf the largest Mississippi 
River steamers (whose occupation was gone), loaded 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 227 

down with victorious troops; our banners proudly float- 
ing in the Southern breeze, as we boldly steamed up the 
Tennessee ; bands playing the most martial and inspir- 
ing airs ; a sight long to be remembered by all — every 
heart swelling with " the pride, pomp and circumstance 
of glorious war." And yet there was an under-current 
of more subdued feeling, that Donelson had taught, 
which contrasted with the joyous abandon that attended 
our voyage to Fort Henry and thence to Fort Donelson. 
Then the realities of "■ the siege, the fight, the disastrous 
chances of the deadly breach," were before us only in 
imagination, while now we understood the full signifi- 
cance of "soldiers slain, and all the currents of a heady 
fight." 

On the way up the river many conflicts as to senior- 
ity occurred, each division and brigade commander 
claiming to outrank all others. 

Tiie 44th Indiana embarked on a steamer on which 
was part of a regiment belonging to General McCler- 
nand's division, in command of a Lieutenant-Colonel, 
who informed me in the most kindly manner that his 
orders were to retain command of the boat. I replied, 
in the same spirit, that that was out of the question, I 
being senior officer. He yielded the point personally, 
saying he was well aware of the fact, but that his orders 
(which he exhibited) were imperative. I explained that 
there was no probability of a conflict of authority, but 
that I could not yield my right to act, if there should 
be. He felt called upon to Report the facts to his bri- 
gade commander, whereupon General McClernand's 
steamer came alongside and was made fast to ours. His 



228 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

brigade commander came on board our boat, and wanted 
to know, "You know," and after some wordy demon- 
strations on his part, without effect, retired and reported 
to his chief, and I received an extremely polite note 
requesting that I would call upon him, with which I 
complied. I found General McClernand an exceed- 
ingly urbane and suave gentleman. He used all his 
power of persuasion to convince me that the boat was 
his, having first been occupied by his troops. I explained 
that I had no personal feeling in the matter; that there 
was very little probability of a conflict of authority, but 
that he had fliiled to give any sufficient reason why the 
king should take the ace in this game. Whereupon he 
very peremptorily called for his clerk, and dictated a 
written order that I should relincpiish command; to 
which I replied that I was not aware that I was subject 
to his orders ; that I represented my division com- 
mander, and should feel compelled to disregard his 
order, unless it came through my commanding officer. 
Thereupon he asked that I would show my division 
commander the order. When opportunity offered, I 
did so. General Hurlbut wrote across the face of it : 
"Countermanded by superior officer." When shown 
to the inferior officer, he swore a blue streak, and at 
once sat down without his clerk and wrote — well, what 
tended towards "pistols and coffee for two." By this 
time, however, we were at Savannah, and would in a 
few hours be at our clestination. The matter was not 
further pressed, and we landed without bloodshed. 

When the war broke out. General McClernand was 
in Congress. A brigadier's commission was at his accept- 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 229 

ance. He was an Illinois man ; and did not Illinois own 
the President, together with all that that implied ? No 
braver men or more capable officers were found in the 
armies. Of course they were justly proud. General 
McClernand was as fiery and impetuous as Hotspur, and 
was a commander of much ability; and he merited far 
greater credit for our success at Donelson than was 
awarded him. On his part, he failed in giving credit 
due to troops of other divisions that aided him at a 
critical time. General McClernand was a gallant sol- 
dier nevertheless. He was the only officer seen at that 
day dressed in splendid regimentals— epauletted Well- 
ington boots, gold spurs, gauntleted hands, and equip- 
ments to match. He sat his war horse— a blooded 
stallion— like a Centaur, and managed his charger with 
the ease and grace of a Bayard; with his commanding 
presence, "the observed of all observers," while the 
General commanding the Army might have been mis- 
taken for a slovenly-dressed Major of an Illinois regi- 
ment. I rode to him, and saluted profoundly. " General, 
are we to have a fight here ?" "A fight here ! Yes, 
the greatest battle ever fought on this continent; they 
will fight us like h— 1." A true prophet. 



,A" 



230 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 



CHAPTER III. 

SIIILOH. 

Upon disembarking, our fourth division, General 
Hurlbut commanding, moved out about two miles from 
the Landing, and went into camp. Here we spent some 
weeks, enjoying the beautiful March weather, warm and 
balmy as May, giving little thought to the enemy. 
General Grant held a grand review of his troops, thus 
breaking the monotony of camp life. On Friday eve, 
April 4th, we were aroused from our quiet repose, and 
pushed rapidly to the front to meet the enemy. This 
proved a reconnoisance in force. They drove in our 
pickets, learned our position, and after some skirmishing 
withdrew. Our division returned to camp, to resume 
our lazy life, little dreaming we were to be awakened to 
the feast of horrors preparing for us by this same enemy 
who had just knocked at our door. 

Early on Sunday morning following, April 6th, the 
" long roll " called us to arms. We were soon in rank, 
ready for "forward to meet the enemy." General 
Hurlbut sent part of our 4th division to General Sher- 
man's aid. With tlic ist and 3d brigades we moved 
forward at about 7:30 a. m., and had gone but a little 
distance before meeting General Prentiss's regiments 
rushing back from the front pell-mell, holding up their 
gory hands, shouting : " You'll catch it ! — we are all cut 
to pieces — the rebels are coming." Passing by these 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 231 

panic-stricken wretches without a reply — except the one 
incident related by Major Rerick of Lieutenant Hodges 
— or with muttered curses at their cowardice, we marched 
on, the men setting their teeth hard and grasping their 
guns more firmly, feeling for their cartridge-boxes, to be 
sure they were prepared to meet this victorious enemy 
and welcome him "with bloody hands to hospitable 
graves." 

It is past finding out why, but it is a fact well under- 
stood, that soldiers once panic-stricken are worthless — 
they do not recover during that battle at least, if ever 
entirely, from their fright. Some of these men of 
Prentiss's division were brought back to where we were 
fighting the enemy, but they acted like a flock of fright- 
ened sheep, ready to start in any direction. At first 
one of them crept up to a large tree standing near our 
line of battle. Gradually others followed, until a line 
like the tail of a kite extended back some thirty or 
forty feet, each clutching the one in front in an agony 
of fear. Their Captain walked hurriedly up and down 
near them, unable to control himself, much less them. 
I talked with him quietly ; asked him if he could not 
get his men to use their muskets on the enemy; that if 
they became engaged they would forget their fear. To 
no purpose. These men were not " native to the manor 
born." They soon after left us — perhaps to swell the 
crowd at the Landing, of which so much was made by 
Buell and his army. 

These men were not reairy greater cowards than 
others. The fault was not theirs. It belonged higher 
up — in placing raw troops where they could be pounced 



232 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

down upon, as were these, without a shovelful of earth 
or a tree felled for protection. Donelson should have 
taught us better. All were green alike, from private in 
the ranks to General-in-Chief of all the Armies, and 
had to learn the art of war from actual exj)erience in 
the field. I saw General Prentiss in rear of our line, 
clamoring for he knew not what — the line to be pushed 
forwartl to his former position, etc. He was as demor- 
alized as his troops. He rode off to the front with his 
staff, to be captured — and was. 

I have been led off, and left my Regiment on the 
way to the battle-field. We went forward about a mile, 
and formed our line of battle a short distance in rear 
of General Prentiss's camp, the left wing of the 44th 
reaching to " Peach Orchard." Our line was formed 
along a country road. In our front were bushes and 
saplings, with a itv/ trees of large size scattered here 
and there. We were soon fiercely attacked with mus- 
ketry. The enemy charged up to within a few rods of 
our line, and were repulsed with heavy loss. After some 
delay they again renewed the attack, and charged up to 
within a few yards, and were again driven off. The 
musketry firing here was as fierce and continuous as any 
during the battle ; the brush and small saplings were cut 
off by bullets, giving it somewhat the appearance of a 
Southern corn-field that had been topped, as is the cus- 
tom there. Our men fought as coolly and effectively as 
if it had always been their occupation. They required 
no urging. I found it ir\some enough sitting on my 
horse with nothing to do but be shot at. It was a curi- 
ous study to note the manners of the. different officers. 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 233 

Lieutenant-Colonel Stoughton sat his liorse like a 
statue, neither swerving right nor left, keeping his face 
to the front, as if his only thought was to be shot with 
his face to the enemy. 

Captain Heath (acting Major) was all movement. 
He could not be still. He rode up and down the line, 
at times, as fast as his horse would carry him. If an 
order was to be repeated, it did him much good to cry 
it along the line. 

Captain Williams kept up his martial bearing, moving 
with a more stately step than was his wont, trim and 
erect, grasping his sword with a firm hand. If he was 
to be killed, he wanted it done " with his martial cloak 
around him." This was his first battle-field, and he 
displayed great gallantry. 

Captain Cosgrove looked as if devising some plan to 
get at the enemy to better advantage, as he stood near 
his men, ready for an emergency. 

Captain Tannehill wore a stolid, bull-dog expression. 
He was going to see that out. 

Captain Aldrich moved about from place to place in 
a quick, nervous way, to be sure that his men were do- 
ing their very best. 

Lieutenant Hodges, commanding Company I, looked 
on at his men with a cool, calculating manner which 
evinced that being shot did not enter into his calcula- 
tions ; it was the enemy he was after. 

Lieutenant Newman, comhianding Company H, was 
active and energetic, wanted to be doing more, and 
would like to know what the enemy were about. 



234 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

Acting Captain Weamer had probably a premonition 
of his fate Every nerve quivered, but he never flinched. 
His moral courage was equal to the occasion. He stood 
to his post bravely to the end. 

Captain Murray was amongst his men, and looked as 
if he would have preferred a musket to his sword. His 
manner was more subdued. He may have been pre- 
monished also, as are very many men. He did his 
whole duty manfully to the last. 

Lieutenant Kinmont, commanding Company F, 
showed by his steady bearing that he could be relied on 
for determined action under all circumstances. He 
might have said "Git ep " instead of "Forward," 
but would have gone to the right place all the same. 

Second-Lieutenant Burge Smith, commanding Com- 
pany A, looked as if he just wished he had something 
to do, as he towered over his Company like Saul among 
his brethren. 

All of these, as well as other commissioned officers, 
were too proud to follow the example of their men, who 
had been ordered to " fall and fire," but stood erect, 
facing the enemy. 

The men being fully occupied with their fighting, 
had no time for other thoughts. When one was hit he 
would quietly crawl back, or be helped to the rear by a 
comrade, into the hands of our Surgeons, who were at 
hand, exposed to the same bullets and as much inter- 
ested as any in the fight. " 

Surgeon Martin, excited and fiery, moved about in 
his quick, impetuous way, wanting his horse to be shot in 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 235 

battle ; while Assistant Surgeon Rerick was as cool and 
collected as if in his hospital. The only doubt he felt 
was whether he had not mistaken his calling. If he could 
have had his choice then, it would have been a sword or 
a musket, and in line with the foremost. There could 
not well be a greater contrast than these men presented. 
Dr. Martin was genial, demonstrative, full of sympathy. 
He would take off his coat, and go at the sick in such a 
way as to make them feel it a comfort to be in condition 
to have his help. He would give them a teaspoonful of 
calomel, to "respond the liver," — a tablespoonful of 
jalap, "to respond the bowels; " if that did not fetch 
them, a pint of blood, to "respond the circulation." 
By this time, perhaps, they would fall into Dr. Rerick's 
hands, who would build them up, and tend upon them 
in his careful, considerate way, without any demonstra- 
tion. That took longer to impress itself on the men ; 
when done, it remained. But they let nothing interfere 
with their duty, and soon had their hands full. 

The enemy had enough at this point. After some 
delay they form in column and march forward over 
cleared ground called the Peach Orchard, on which our 
left wing rested. On they come with a quick step, in 
gallant style, without firing a gun, the stars and bars 
flaunting jauntily in the breeze — and I must admit it to 
be as bold and defiant a battle-flag as one could wish to 
meet in battle's stern array. I at once wheeled two 
companies of the left wing to the right, and when they 
had come within point-blai>k range, opened fire. Their 
ranks were mowed down as with a scythe. Yet on they 
come. It seemed almost barbarous to fire on brave men 



286 PERSONAL liECOLLECTIOXS. 

pressing forward so heroically to the mouth of hell. 
But human nature could not longer endure it. They 
wavered, faced about at the word of command, and 
retired as if on parade. Bravely fought, my gallant foe, 
worthy of a better cause — my misguided countrymen ! 
They had enough of the ist and 3d brigades of the 4th 
division. We had fought them from 8:30 a. m. to 2 
P. M., and beaten them in fair fight, gloriously. 

But now a pressing call for help comes from the left 
wing of our Army. Colonel Stuart's brigade had been 
driven in, thus leaving our flank exposed. Our 3d bri- 
gade, consisting of the 44th and 31st Indiana, the 17th 
Kentucky, with a small number of the 25th Kentucky, 
and AVillard's battery, were rapidly pushed half a mile 
to our left. We found the enemy marching to our rear. 
I here quote from General Hurlbut's official report : 

" In a few nioiuents two Texan regiments crossed the 
ridge sepjiriiting my line from Stuart's former one, wliile 
other troops also advanced. Willurd's battery was 
thrown into position, under command of Lieutenant 
Wootl, and opened lire witii great ellect on tlie two 
Lone Star flags, until liis line of fire was obstructed by 
the charge of the ad brigade, which, after delivering its 
fire with great steadiness, charged full up tlie hill, and 
drove the enemy tliree or four lumdred yards." 

We then took position on the brow of the hill, this 
being on open ground, with here and there a large tree 
scattered over the field. The 44ih Indiana and the i 7th 
Kentucky, in all not to exceed a thousand men, (the 
31st Indiana being in reserve,) fought the enemy for 
nearly three hours ; this being by far the fiercest contest ' 
of the day. The enemy outnumbered us at least three 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 237 

to one. Their tactics were altogether different from 
ours. While we stood in line of battle, they were 
marched about hither and yon at a lively step, in col- 
umn, by companies. Their flags flaunting defiance, 
they would move forward as if to make a charge, wheel 
to right or left, march obliquely, or to the rear, face 
about, move forward, again form in line, and open fire. 
At no time were all deployed in line of battle, and yet 
some of their regiments were firing away at us almost con- 
tinuously. Our flag was a target at which they fired per- 
sistently, and it was riddled with balls. Never was flag 
more heroically defended. Our color-bearer, A. P. 
Waterhouse, was soon wounded. It was borne by 
Michael Harrison, William Woodford, William Under- 
wood, Augustus A. Galloway, William McNeal, John 
Keiter, Samuel B. Sweet (a boy of 17), James Riddle, 
James Nicodemus, Frank Baldwin, Sergt. I.'N. Thomas, 
N. P. Lewis, Sergt. Samuel Havens, John Engle, Sergt. 
M. B. Willis, Joseph Anderson, George Roy, Sergt. O. 
Z. Rawson, Sergt. Alexander Kinmont, C. M. Tliomas, 
Lew[s Griffith, H. A. Lords, Sergt. John Ulam, Edwin 
Matthews, James M. Flutter, Ralph Goodrich, Owen 
Shaw, Joseph Reed, Marion McGinnis, Sergt. George 
W. Schell, Samuel Hartzell, Nicholas Ensley, Owen 
Shaw, Peter Stahl, Sergt. Nelson Mansfield, Randall 
Simmons, Henry Twitchel, J. IJ. Rowe, and Lieuten- 
ant Jacob Newman, all of whom were either killed or 
wounded. 

But 1 feel that I am dofng injustice to other brave 
men in giving the names of any where all fought with 
ecpial valor. Never was greater bravery exhibited on a 



238 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

battle field. We lost fully one-third of our number in 
killed and wounded, in tliis battle. Officers and men 
"rallied round the flag " not only "once again" but 
again and again, well knowing it to be almost certain 
death or wounds they faced. At the bridge of Lodi, 
where Napoleon led his troops and carried the flag, to 
insure their passage to victory, was no greater act of 
heroism than was here displayed by these men. 

It may not be considered in good taste for me to say 
it — yet it is the truth, nevertheless — that our little bri- 
gade saved the day by their heroism on this battle-field. 
Tliere were no other troops but these between the enemy 
and the Landing, which, had they reached, General 
Sherman and General McClernand would have had the 
enemy both in front and rear. Beauregard's boast, that 
he would water his horse in the Tennessee River at 
Pittsburg Landing that night, would have been fulfilled. 

This same enemy had driven Colonel Stuart's bri- 
gade from the field. We met them, flushed with success, 
drove back and held at bay thrice our numbers for nearly 
three hours, and when compelled to fall back, from lack 
of ammunition, we had taught them discretion. Their 
advance was slow and cautious, thereby giving the 
needed time for their reception. 

I will here quote from General Hurlbut's General 
Order No. 20, which is of course addressed to the 4th 
division — most of which, however, fought elsewhere — 
and it should be understood to apply more particularly 
to our 3d brigade of the 4th division, who held the 
position on the left referred to : 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 239 

Headquarters ov the 4th Division,) 
I'illsburg, April Utli, lS(ji!. J 

The General commanding toiuleia his heartfelt con- 
gratulati(;ns to the surviving otHceis aiui men of this 
division for their m(a/nijic( /it ticrviccs during the two 
days of struggle, whicli, under the blessing of God, has 
resulted in victory. Let this division remember that 
for live hours on Sunday was held, under the most ter- 
rific tire, the kci/ 2-><>int of the left of tiie Army, and only 
fell back when outflanked by overwhelming masses 
pressing througli points abandoned by our supjjorts. 

Let them remember that when they fell back, it was 
in order, and tliat the last line of resistance, in rear of 
heavy guns, was formed by this division. 

Let them remember that on the morning of Mon- 
day, without food and without sleep, they were ordered 
to reinforce the right, and that whenever a brigade of 
Ihis division appeared on the field of action, they were 
in time to support broken flanks and hold the line. * * * 

S. A. HURLBUT, 

Brig. Qeii. CoiuniamJiiig 4lh Dlvislou. 
Ojgiicial : 

F. C. SciiOFiEi^D, A. A. A. G. 

To return to our fighting. As Generals Hurlbut, 
Lauman, and myself were talking together about how 
we could get a supply of ammunition, the enemy's 
sharpshooters sent a volley about our ears. We looked 
in each other's eyes to note the effect, and moved each 
to his post. 

After the first opening of the battle here — from what 
cause I do not now remember — \Vi Hard's battery was 
silent. Neither did the enemy use artillery. It was a 
fair open-field fight, each force in plain view of the 
other ; tiie enemy's movements giving interest to the 
scene. Our men lost all sense of danger, as they stood 
and deliberately fired. There was no disposition to get 



240 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

down out of the way of bullets ; and had we been amply 
supplied with them, we should have driven the enemy 
from the field. They were only held by consummate 
handling. 

I had, during a lull in the tiring, ridden over to the 

left of our line, and found Colonel , as brave 

and efficient an officer as any in the Army, sitting with 
his back to a tree, just in rear of his line of battle, 
holding his horse by the bridle. He jocularly ex- 
claimed: "What in h— 1 are you riding about in that 
way for ? Do you want to be shot ? Get down. You 
can see my men are all right." While I sat on my 
horse talking with him, he leaned over on his elbow — 
whiz ! — a shot passed through the fleshy part of his arm. 
He sprang up, exclaiming: "There, you have got me 
shot." As his wound was being tied up with his hand- 
kerchief: " I will keep my face to the enemy hereafter. 
I thought those fellows were going to let me have time 
to rest a little." He was very proud of that "hit," 
after the battle was over. 

The 44th Indiana had already twice filled their cart- 
ridge boxes here, and had emptied them at the eneiny ; 
but now, our last cartridge gone, the 31st Intliana was 
ordered up from where it had been held in reserve up 
to this time, to take our place. We withdrew a short 
distance, to where the ammunition wagon stood. In 
hunting over the empty boxes the men found a icw 
cartridges scattered about, giving to each man a few 
rounds. We were now or^lered by General Hurlbut to 
a position further to the left — the enemy moving [)art 
of his force to his right, with the evident intention of 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 241 

, outflanking us, at the same time moving forward on our 
I front. General Hurlbut, conclmiing his position no 
I longer tenable, ordered the line to retire to a new posi- 
I tion to our left and rear. The 44th acted as rear guard. 
After going a short distance our brigade commander. 
General Lauman, came to me and suggested that I form 
a line across the road by wiiich the enemy were advanc- 
ing; which was done, thus demonstrating to them that 
it was not a rout, and delayed their advance, giving our 
brigade time to reach their new position, when we again 
resumed our retrograde movement. The enemy ad- 
vanced very slowly and cautiously, and when they made 
their attack we were fully prepared for them. Had they 
pushed forward rapidly it would undoubtedly have been 
disastrous, as there were no other troops than our small 
brigade between them and the Landing. This last stand 
therefore proved of the utmost importance. When they 
made their final attack they were not only repulsed, but 
driven back to where they started from in the morning, 
three miles distant, the shot and shell of the gunboats 
hurrying them on their way; and this is where General 
Nelson's division found them next morning about ten 
o'clock. 

Upon reaching our new position, where a battery of 
large guns was in position, our first thought was am- 
munition. Seeing an officer with stars on his shoulders 
moving slowly about, looking "grand, gloomy and 
peculiar," sitting on his horse instead of a " throne," 
I rode to him, touched my Visor reverently, and in- 
quired if he were able to direct me to where I could 
find ammunition. -No, sir," he replied, fiercely 



242 FEIiSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

" nor do I believe you want ammunition, sir." I looked 
at him in astonishment, doubting his sanity, but made 
no reply, further than to ask his name. In the same 
angry tones : " It makes no difference, sir, but I am 
General Buell." Turning my horse about, I rode to where 
I now saw my men had found ammunition and were 
engaged in filling their cartridge-boxes. I joined them. 
There may have been an expression on my face that did 
not please General Buell. He again presents himself, 
apparently in a frenzy of wrath, and demands to know 
who I am and where I come from. My answer was as 
fierce and insulting as I could make it, in my anger. 
After many threats of what I had to expect, and retorts 
in no measured terms, intermixed with some strong 
Anglo-Saxon adjectives, he rode off, furious. Surgeon 
Martin, standing near, his eyes glaring with sympathetic 
indignation, exclaimed: "Who is that? — who is he?" 
When told : " General Buell ! My God, he will have 
you shot. How could you talk to him in that way?" 
In a little time Buell returned with General Grant. 
Both of them sat on their horses looking at us while 
completing our task, forming our ranks and moving 
forward into line of battle. But nothing further was 
said then or afterwards. 

I will here quote from General Hurlbut's official re- 
port giving the final repulse of the enemy : 

" Perceiving that a lieavy force was closing on the 
left between my left and tlie river, wliile heavy tire 
continued on tlie right and front, I ordered tlie line to 
fall back. The retreat was made quietly and steadily, 
und iu good order. I hud hoped to make a stand on the 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 243 

line of my camp, but masses of the, enemy were press- 
ing rapidly on each flank, while their light artillery 
was closing up rajndly in the rear. On reaching the 
twenty-four pounder siege-guns in battery near the 
river, I again succeeded in forming line of battle in rear 
of tlie guns, and by direction of Major-General Grant 
I assumed command of all troops that came up. Broken 
regiments and disordered battalions came into line grad- 
ually upon my division." (It sliould be "part of my 
division," us stated elsewhere in his otliciul report; the 
2d brigade did not join us till 4:30 a. m.) 

" Major Cavender posted six of his twenty-pound 
pieces on my right, and I sent my Aid to establish the 
light artillery— all that could be found— on my left." 

* * * " Many gallant soldiers and brave otticers rallied 
steadily on the new line. I passed to the right, and 
found myself in communication with General Sher- 
man, and received his instructions. In a short time 
the enemy appeared on the crest of the ridge, led by the 
18th Louisiana, but were cut to pieces by the steady and 
murderous fire of the artillery." * * * * " General 
Sherman also was rapidly engaged, and after an artil- 
lery contest of some duration the enemy fell buck." * * 

* * " I advanced my division one hundred yards to the 
front, threw out pickets, and officers and men bivou- 
acked in a heavy storm of rain. About 12 p. m. [should 
be about 3 a. m.]. General Nelson's leading columns 
passed my line and went to the front, and I called in 
my advanced guard. The remnant of my division was 
reunited. Colonel Veatch with the second brigade hav- 
ing joined me about half-past 4 a. m." 

This shows clearly that there were none of Buell's 
fresh troops engaged in this last defeat of the enemy on 
Sunday eve, as is claimed by General Buell in his offi- 
cial report. The 44th Indiana were in line of battle 
where they must have seen them had any come to our 
aid. None of his troops had crossed the river at the 



244 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

close of the contest, which lasted but a short time. It 
was yet daylight when we moved to the front and took 
up our position for the night, placed our pickets, gath- 
ered brush on which we spread our horse-blankets, with 
our saddles for pillows, we made the best disposition pos- 
sible under the circumstances, to rest — sleep being out 
of the question in the pouring rain-storm. General 
Hurlbut and General Lauman spent the night with us. 
Many of the officers of the 44th Indiana were present. 
The events of the day were discussed. Our decisive 
defeat of the enemy was a subject for congratulation 
with all. The anticipated arrival of Buell's forces in 
the morning was a matter of interest talked over. No 
one dreamed that such a claim could be made. General 
Buell "lost his head." He could see nothing but 
"stragglers." 

About 3 o'clock A. M. General Nelson, with his staff, 
at the head of his column, advanced without giving a 
very definite account of himself, and the guards did 
not make a very intelligible report at headquarters. 
The tramp of horses being heard, General Hurlbut 
sprang up, went forward a short distance, and demanded 
"Who is invading my lines?" in very angry and em- 
phatic tones, using some profane expletives at the same 
time. General Nelson, in much milder tones than 
was his habit, replied: "Be a little civil. General; I 
am General Nelson, with my division; I wish to estab- 
lish my line on your right, and throw forward my 
pickets." This was the first appearance of General 
Buell's fresh troops on the battle-field of Shiloh, or any 
other, for that matter. 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 245 

With daylight our stomachs reminded us that we had 
eaten nothing for twenty-four hours. How vividly my 
memory retains the taste of a drink of cold coffee taken 
from the canteen of General Lauman on this Monday 
morning (which his orderly had in some way procured). 
The traditional drink of hard cider that could not be 
bitten off, was nothing to biting that off. We now moved 
a short distance to the rear, and about 8 a. m. suc- 
ceeded in getting some crackers, which, with coffee, was 
our preparation for a renewal of the conflict, after nearly 
twelve hours' fighting, and without sleep. With this moi- 
ety of food, the 44th Indiana was again on the march for 
the battle-field. The effort of will necessary to move 
men to such a task dwells in my memory as fresh and 
green as any superhuman effort is impressed on the 
mind ever after. 

The 44th Indiana and 17th Kentucky alone of our 
brigade responded to this call. With nearly one-half 
our number left dead on the battle-fields of the preced- 
ing day, or in hospital, both regiments did not exceed, 
all told, more than five hundred, worn, weary men. We 
resolutely turned our faces forward and look up our line 
of march for the front, to meet the enemy. 

We were led by a guide over a very rough country, 
for two or three miles, when we suddenly came upon 
the enemy charging upon and driving seme of General 
McClernand's troops over a level, cleared field. The 
enemy were again in column by companies. The 44th 
being in advance, were immediately deployed in line, 
and opened fire on their flank. They were taken by 
surprise, but returned our fire. Colonel McHenry gal- 



246 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

lantly brought his men into line and opened fire. The 
enemy's battery opened upon us. After some time they 
began to fall back. Our men having lost all sense of 
fatigue, pushed them vigorously, and after pursuing them 
half a mile they disappeared in the woods, where their 
main force was posted. As our men had become much 
scattered, I called a halt and collected our force. Gen- 
eral Lauman having been unhorsed at the first fire by a 
rebel bullet, was not with us. 1 soon saw General Sher- 
man at a distance, and rode to him and reported. He 
ordered me to form line of battle in his immediate front 
and await further orders. 

General Hurlbut was engaged elsewhere, but I will 
quote what he says in his official report of our part 
here: "The third brigade was deeply and fiercely en- 
gaged on the right of General McClernand, successfully 
stopping a movement to flank his right, and holding 
their ground until the firing ceased." 

The position held by the enemy was in our front, 
in the woods, but a few hundred yards from Shiloh 
chapel, which has given name to the battle ; with the 
Corinth road in their rear. This was the same position 
held by General Sherman when the battle opened on 
Sunday morning, and from which he was compelled to 
fall back. A cleared field intervened between the enemy 
and the position assigned us by General Sherman, which 
was in open ground, with the exception of a few large 
trees here and there, giving us a good view of our troops 
as they marched across tlie open field and into the 
dreaded woods, and also of the vicissitudes attending 
the fight. 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 247 

A portion of Buell's fresh troops had now arrived on 
the field, and moved forward to the attack, and we opened 
ranks for the 30th Indiana to march in. After a fierce 
and continuous musketry fight of about thirty minutes' 
duration, the enemy were driven from their position, 
and fell back on the Corinth road about a mile. Their 
main force had already been in full retreat for some 
hours — in fact since about ten o'clock in the morning j 
this, their last stand, being made to cover their retreat, 
ended the struggle. General Buell did not pursue the 
retreating foe, but at once ordered his fresh troops into 
camp. 

General Lauman now rejoined us. He had been 
unable to find a remount, and was thus detained until 
after the final withdrawal of the enemy. 

General Grant was soon seen riding along the lines, 
being loudly cheered by the troops, and we rode for- 
ward and added our congratulations ; all of which was 
received by him with his usual taciturn, uncertain man- 
ner, without showing the least appearance of exultation. 

We now led our weary men back to our camps, for 
rest and refreshment, and never had men more richly 
earned this boon. We found them unmolested. My 
tent was in all respects as when I issued from it to 
meet the enemy on Sunday morning. The enemy had 
not occupied our camps, as has been erroneously stated, 
but after their final defeat on Sunday eve they were 
driven by the fire of the gunboats back to where they 
started from Sunday morning. 



248 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Never was battle so misunderstood by the public at 
large; never battle so systematically misrepresented, as 
was the battle of Shiloh. For many months (General 
Buell, like his great prototype, the King of France, 
with his ten thousand men, had marched up the hill, 
and then marched down again, on Nolan's fork of Green 
River, Ky., patiently waiting for the rebels to get ready to 
evacuate Bowling Green, Ky. At last General Mitchell 
and Colonel Turchin, becom.ing impatient and restless, 
insisted upon giving them a push in the rear to hurry 
them out. When they arrived, however, it was too late. 
What could not be carried off, was smouldering piles 
that had once been army stores. After spending fur- 
ther time, General Buell leisurely marched his army 
within sound of our victorious guns at Fort Donelson, 
and then marched back again and took possession of 
Nashville, Tenn., which was evacuated by the enemy 
because of our victory at Donelson. Marching in on 
the heels of this bloodless victory, General Buell at 
once embraced the occasion to read his troops a lecture 
on "my policy," reiterating and enforcing what had 
long since become nauseous to the stomachs of his 
troops — that their chief duty was to protect rebel prop- 
erty, so that those of themVho were absent in the rebel 
army fighting us might feel the comforting assurance 
that their property, families and friends at home were 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 249 

in good hands, and would be free from molestation from 
the hated Yankees. A whole division has been known to 
be placed under arrest for burning a few rails to cook 
their coffee, while on the march to meet these same 
rebels in arms, to enforce this "policy." Details were 
ordered from regiments, after marching all day, to stand 
guard all night over rebels' houses, that the inmates 
should not have their slumbers disturbed by the weary, 
foot-sore soldiers getting a drink of water from the well 
at the door. 

This was the Colossus that came with his army 
the day after the battle, and boasted, " I came, I 
saw, I conquered." This man, who had never seen a 
battle — whose time and mind were wholly given to the 
care and protection of rebels, their slave property being 
in his eyes more inviolable than the sanctuary — could 
find nothing on his arrival but " fugitives, panic-stricken 
stragglers; the banks swarmed with a confused mass of 
men of various regiments; there could not have been 
less than four or five thousand." Yes, there was some- 
where about that number of our wounded sent to the 
Landing. That there were "panic stricken stragglers" 
congregated at this point, is not denied. But this, as 
is well known, is an attendant on all great battles. 

The enemy had been defeated, as I have shown, on 
Sunday evening, and were driven back to General Pren- 
tiss's position, from whence they started Sunday morning. 
Here General Buell's fresh troops found this beaten, 
worn-out enemy, who had fought us for twelve hours the 
previous day, without food Or rest. 

Let any soldier who was there on both days, or in 
any similar battle elsewhere, say what the difference is 



250 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

between meeting this enemy in their then condition, 
and in fighting these same troops fresh, organized and 
equipped especially for this great battle, which they had 
bravely fought and lost on the preceding day. I re])eat, 
let any one — soldier or citizen — judge. 

Beauregard commenced to witlidraw his forces when 
he found Buell's army had arrived. The positions he 
held had this end in view. 

That Buell's army did help to drive the enemy off 
the field is true, but what can be said in extenuation of 
only driving him off? A competent commander would 
have pursued and captured five thousand prisoners of 
this beaten, demoralized, fleeing enemy, and all his 
artillery. 

The time has long since come when the truth of the 
history of this battle should be vindicated. General 
Grant was in no position to demand justice for his 
army that fought and won the battle of Shiloh. He 
was soon in disgrace — deprived of his command — all 
his thoughts given to extricating himself from the con- 
sequences of his blunders. General Grant had this 
merit, and a most important one: he profited by hs 
blunders, and in contradistinction from Don Carlos 
Buell, he did place his troops where they would have to 
fight. 

General Sherman has somewhere said that this was a 
rough and tumble fight, that tested the muscle of the 
raw troops there engaged, and was useful in developing 
their pluck. (I mean only to give the substance, from 
memory.) I think this miglit also beapjjlied to general 
officers, as it is well known that General Sherman was 
tumbled about some — but his pluck always brought 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 251 

him out uppermost. I will ask if he found any such 
tussle on his pleasure trip " to the sea," of which so 
much is boasted in song and story ? It is true he left 
" Fap " Thomas in his rear to take care of the rebel 
army, and General Grant in his front to keep them fully 
occupied. This trip had this merit, if no other: it was 
a "bummers'" paradise, and differed in this respect 
from Buell's "policy." I join in the chorus of praise. 

With the help of Lew. Wallace's loitering division, 
which arrived on the field Sunday night, we could have 
dispensed with General Buell's army altogether. But I 
have no intention or wish to deny them all the credit 
due for their part on Monday. 

Of course all of Buell's army had to fight their way 
through "the horde of panic-stricken stragglers" that 
beset them at the Landing, and this might have misled 
sjme of them into the belief that it was the rebels who 
were there Sunday evening; but this could hardly be. 
And yet the pertinacity with which they cling to the 
"stragglers" is wonderful. Even to this day the first 
utterance of any of these men, if Shiloh is but men- 
tioned, is "stragglers." But now one of them says he 
sternly invited them out to see ?nen fight, as he fought 
them off from clinging to his skirts for protection. I 
don't know how many were drowned ; but I can't 
tell how these "stragglers" could swim in the con- 
dition he describes them, when forced into the 
river, they so assailed him with their dismal cries for 
help, » 

It may be asked, were there no "panic-stricken 
stragglers" among all these gallant regiments of Buell's? 



252 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

No, not one,— if you are to believe the official reports 
of his regimental, brigade and division commanders. 

I will yet venture upon giving a little incident that 
happened immediately under my own eye. A very gal- 
lant regiment, that wanted to make a bayonet charge, 
moved forward in splendid style; but it "got a little 
squeezed," and came out at the first fire. No men in Sun- 
day's battle were ever half so utterly panic-stricken. 
The agony of fear exhibited is beyond description. A 
perfect Babel of tongues— cries, groans— throwing them- 
selves upon the ground in desperation of fear. The 
bugler was beset to make the calls to drown their cries, 
but he could not make a toot. In his vain endeavor he 
fell over against the root of a tree, exhausted by his effort. 
With contortions and cries that would have shamed 
the geese whose squall saved Rome, they were only re- 
called to consciousness by the peal of derisive laughter 
from our line that greeted this grotesque exhibition. 
Never was such a shout of boisterous mirth before heard 
on a battle-field. This ridicule alone enabled their Col- 
onel to lead them off the field and away from danger, 
and hide them in the thick woods. They saw the enemy 
no more. You will say they were in disgrace, of course. 
No such thing. This regiment was as highly com- 
mended as were all others in official reports of the com- 
manding officers. 

I happened upon this same regiment next morning, 
in passing. It was drawn up as on dress parade. Its 
length of line would have e'xcited the envy of any Col- 
onel in the armies, and it was composed of good, rug- 
ged, soldierly- looking men too, and they were evidently 



PERSOyAL RECOLLECTIONS. 253 

well drilled. Probably most of them had been accus- 
tomed to military drill from their youth, and may have 
seen service. As I passed by, their Colonel, with tears in 
his voice, was talking to them " like a Dutch uncle." 
From the hasty glance I cast along his line, I judged 
his reproaches had little effect. All the posthumous 
glory in the world was as nothing to being where they 
were — in capital condition, equal to their rations any 
day. Contrition ? No. Indeed I rather expected to 
hear them shout in chorus : *' He that fights and runs 
away, lives to fight another day." 

The Colonel of this regiment was a brave man, 
a brilliant officer, and a genial, kind-hearted gentleman, 
but I could not altogether suppress a smile when my 
appearance, like Banquo's ghost, suddenly interrupted 
the recital of " hair-breadth 'scapes by flood and field " 
that was being poured into the ears of the loyal gover- 
nor's representatives, who had come from home with 
congratulations and good cheer. He looked "Thou 
canst not say I did it." He had his reward. These 
men fought well and faithfully afterwards, and the inci- 
dent is given here simply to show that " the panic- 
stricken stragglers" belonged to both armies alike, and 
was the exception, as were the panic-stricken men of 
Grant's army, who had far greater cause. 

Apropos to nothing, the hero of the Franco-German 
war, Baron von Moltke, scorned making a comparison 
between the fighting qualities of his finely-drilled troops 
and "the undisciplined mob" that fought four years 
for the preservation of their country — and conquered a 
peace. Query: Did Louis Napoleon's malign influence 



254 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

SO utterly demoralize the French nation, or were his 
generals subsidized by influences similar to those which 
governed an exceedingly small number of ours? 

Buell's army was composed of as brave men and gal- 
lant soldiers as wore the uniform. But the malign influ- 
ence at their head overshadowed and crushed them. 
General Buell, with his arrogance, could no more com- 
prehend what was due to brave men who had voluntarily 
come out to fight their country's battles, prompted by 
patriotism alone, than he comprehended what true loy- 
alty to his government meant. His troops had been 
marched up hill and down so long, that the first fight, 
— like the first baby, always wonderful, — human nature 
could not be expected to resist blazoning their achieve- 
ments to the world in all the splendor of the newly 
risen sun. 

The battle over, the immense number of wounded 
required an army of surgeons. Many young doctors, 
among others, were sent from home to help care for 
them, and, with the best intentions, their want of prac- 
tical knowledge left much to wish for. . One was re- 
minded of a synod, conference or other gathering of 
church dignitaries, where the wise old heads performed 
the work, and left the fledglings to put on airs — to be 
petted by, and amuse themselves with the ladies. 

A day or two after the battle, I went on board a 
steamer filled with wounded men. Very many of them 
were wandering aimlessly about over the boat, presenting 
ing a most ghastly appearance, their wounds having been 
tied up hurriedly, the blood and grime of battle being 
left to be removed at a more convenient season. 



Ik!§ 



IIOV/ ? 



PERSONAL JiECOLLECTJONS. 255 

It had been the understanding tliat the boat was to 
leave with its living freiglit at an earlier date. 1 du not 
now remember why it was detained. The floor ul the 
cabin was filled with those most dangerously wounded, 
lying on pallets. Among these I found my friend and 
fellow townsman, Colonel S. S. Bass, of the 30th Indi- 
ana, who told me tliat his wound had not as yet been 
examined by a surgeon. He was cheerful, and felt con- 
fident that in a few weeks he would again be fit to return 
to his regiment. I questioned him particularly, and 
examined liis wound. He pointed out where he thought 
he could feel the ball, and said if the surgeon would cut 
in there it could be easily extracted ; that done, he 
would soon be well again. While not sharing his hopes 
fully, I talked cheerfully, telling him he could take a 
furlough of some months for a less hurt. Our last meet- 
ing had been on the battle-field, on Monday afternoon, 
when he, at the head of his regiment, passed through 
our ranks to engage in the final struggle of the day. 
He now told me that he had received his wound 
very soon after entering the fight, had ridden off the 
field, and had been taken by ambulance to the boat 
where he then was. After some time spent with him, 
I left him, with the promise that if it were possible to 
find a head to the boat, he should have a state-room, 
where he would be more comfortable. He did not share 
my hopes of success in this endeavor. I hunted over 
the boat in vain for one in authority. The invariable 
answer from subordinates and others attached to the 
boat was : " The state-rooms are all filled ; there is no 
room for more 3 we are doing all we can." "Where 



til 



256 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

are the surgeons?" " I can't tell ; you will find them 
somewhere about." I returned to my friend, who 
smiled at my heat and indignation, and silently pointed 
to his fellow-sufferers. After a little while a young doc- 
tor came into the cabin, looked along the rows of pros- 
trate forms, moved down the space between them, 
occasionally stopped, removed a cloth from a wound, 
replaced it, and moved on. When he came to Colonel 
Bass he made a more decided stop. Daintily removing 
a cloth as large as my. hand, he looked at the wound a 
moment, and replaced it without a word. To my in- 
quiries he replied that he was not in charge — that some 
one else (giving the name) would give the needed atten- 
tion soon — tiiought it impossible that a state-room could 
be had — and jjassed on. After doing all that was pos- 
sible to supply his wants in every way, I left Colonel 
Bass, telling him I would bring one of our surgeons to 
examine his wound and dematid a state-room. He 
thought it hardly worth while — that he would get along 
all right when he got to Paducah. After some unavoid- 
able delay I found our surgeon. Dr. Martin. When we 
got back to the Landing the boat was gone. But a few 
days after, 1 heard of his death at Paducah. 

Our surgeons devoted themselves to the care of the 
wounded day and night, without thought of self, the 
consciousness of doing their duty alone supporting them 
through their labors. Soon after. Surgeon Rerick's 
health gave way. When I saw him in an ambulance, 
completely broken down, being conveyed to a steamer, 
I said to myself: "That is the last I shall see of our 
brave surgeon." But no. He returns, a mere skeleton 



.;£ 1DO 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 257 

in appearance. I could not greet him as cordially as he 
so richly merited, for thinking: " Why ^//V/ you come 
back here to die!" In this I was mistaken, however. 
There are yet, I hope, many years of work left for him 
to do. 

I feel inclined to give here some extracts from a few 
of the many letters of prominent citizens of Fort 
Wayne, giving the estimate held at that time of the 
services of the Forty-fourth. 

" Apkil 22, 1862. 

Colonel Reed,— I feel like tendering to the 44tli my 
hearty tluinka for the glorious i)art taken by it in thi.s 
battle (Siiiloh) and the Donelsou light, by wliich every 
citizen of the county and the district luis been honored. 
When I think of the peril of our cause and our Govern- 
ment, indeed, at Pittsburg Landing, and the narrow 
escape we made only through the bravery of our troops, 
I am almost overcome with emotion. It may be un- 
manly, but I confess to you that I have shed tears of joy 

* * * my heart melts with gratitude to the brave men 

* * * and with gratitude to God, who overrules all. fur 
the heroism with which they received and withstood 
the shock of the traitorous hosts. 1 can understand now 
better than ever before why it is that military heroes are 
so honored by the majority of men. It is right. It is 
honorable to our human nature that men who leave 
their quiet homes * » * and place themselves in the 
breach, and save their country by exposing themselve<j 
to such iluuger as this, sh(»uld be honored." 

Another : 

" Indiana soldiers generally have a proud reputation 
throughout the country, and'l think it is no exagger- 
ation to say the 44th now stands No. 1 of the list. With 
l)ride I recall all their unj)recedented deeds of heroism 



17 



258 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

in the lute l)attle. With tears I mourn the sacrifice of 
so many heroes. All lionor to tlie Jivinj^ and dead." 

Yet one more : 

"1***1 ^vill embrace it, to return to tlie noble 44tli. 
My most sincere tlianks for tlie distinj^ui.shetl service 
rendered in the terrible battle of Pittsburj? Landing. 
It was a tenible ordeal that you were called to pass 
tlirough ; but, tiuuik (Jod, the oHicers anel men sliowtd 
themselves equal to the emergency. The praise of the 
regiment is in the mouth and upon the tongue of every 
man, wonum and child in tlie county. * * ^ The 44th 
ought to be recruited, * * * but all seem fully im- 
l)ressed * * * that going into the service means some- 
thing more than being dressed in uniform, drawing- 
rations, and living in a tent. * * * The return of (juite 
a number of your wounded men serves to give an in Id- 
ling of the stern realities of Avar." 

Enough. " Those scrajjs are good deeds past — for- 
gotten as soon as done." Ita est. 

I shall have to leave the other side of the medal 
covered until a more fitting opportunity for singing the 
praises of "the martyred General" Milligan and his 
ghostly heroes, driUing by starlight, with traitorous 
thoughts intent — nor life nor drum to quicken their 
steps and aid their fast-oozing courage while marching 
to the music of the wind — start in alarm at the watch- 
dog's honest bark. Hist ! What's that ? Away ! The 
moon is up ! Scatter ! Where are these heroes now ? 

I would gladly, if time and space permitted, dwell 
at more length upon the scenes that cling to memory 
with a halo, from contrast \yith excitement of a different 
kind. Pittsburg Landing presented the most stirring ap- 
pearance. The eyes of the Nation were directed to this 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 259 

one point. Immense crowds flocked hither from all over 
the broad land. Steamers loaded with all that our army 
craved, from our long abstinence from civilized com- 
forts, were pushing their way through those alreaily 
there, crowding the river fuller with shipping than New 
York harbor at the busiest season. When a fresh arrival 
was sighted there was a rush to be the first to board her, 
to secure the longed-for prize, either eatable or drink- 
able. What a scramble I made over the decks of a 
score of intervening boats, accompanied by Major 
Stoughton, Captains Williams, Heath, and others, to be 
the first to reach the deck of a steamer just arrived on 
the outer line of boats — the objective point a barrel of 
lager! The " charge of the light brigade " was tame 
in comparison. IVe had the advance, and our charge 
successful, — and it cost dear — in cash. We bore off 
in triumph two half-barrels, which were on tap as soon 
as the bank was reached, and drunk to the health of all 
good fellows by the men of the Forty-fourth fortunate 
enough to be present. A toast to our wounded recalled 
us in time. The second cask was at once hurried off, 
and reserved for their benefit. Whose pen can describe 
the difference in taste of that lager and the glass you 
deliberately walk up to the counter — drink — and lay 
down five cents ? 

I have failed to relate at the right time an incident 
which has a place in my recollection, and I will give it 
here. One day, while we we<-e yet at Camp Allen, a 
splendid war-horse, caparisoned to correspond, was leil 
into camp. My courage, like Bob Acres', oozed out 



260 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

at the palms of my hands as I looked upon him, but I 
had to face the music. The charger was presented in 
due form, as a fitting testimonial, etc., etc., from my 
friends, Hon. Samuel Hanna and Samuel H. Shoaff, 
Esq., of Fort Wayne. How I ever got through the 
trying ordeal is more than I can tell ; but to mount and 
display him to the gaze of the admiring onlookers was 
the feather that broke the camel's back — impossible. 

When at Donelson, my friend Surgeon Martin had a 
fine large black horse, that he very much wished to have 
wounded in battle. As I did not want my horse 
shot, I yielded to his solicitation, and exchanged 
horses with him for the time being. His horse was not 
shot; while mine, in the excitement attending our first 
battle, was ridden about so furiously that my orderly, 
Andrew Jackson Strohl "Dad," "resigned" on the 
spot, when the horse was delivered to his care. With 
tears he swore the horse might go to the devil, — and 
he did. 

In giving my recollections as I have, without definite 
plan, or giving to them other consideration than I do 
while writing, I find that many incidents long forgot- 
ten come back to memory, which I should like to relate 
if space permitted. As we go forward in life, our 
earliest impressions grow brighter as we recede from 
them. 

Just now, what transpired while we were yet at Camp 
Allen stands out as on pYinted page. Our lamented 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Baldwin J. Crossthwaite, to whom 
the regiment owed the proficiency it accjuired in drill, 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 261 

returns to life, and is before me in plain view while 
he marshals his regiment in the intricate evolutions 
so imposing to the uninitiated. He had served as 
officer of cavalry in the Mexican war, and was an able 
tactician, whose knowledge of the details of army life 
was of the greatest benefit to us. He had brought with 
him from Mexico a disease that would have prevented 
most men from attempting service again, but his patriot- 
ism led him to disregard his own comfort and health j 
he chose rather to sacrifice his life in his country's cause. 
He died at his home in Angola, while our guns were 
thundering at the gates of Donelson — a fit requiem for 
so true a soldier and patriot. His memory is cherished 
in the hearts of the brave men who honored him for his 
many virtues. 

The Hon. Charles Case had represented our district 
two terms in Congress. He used all his large influence 
and ability in the furtherance of his country's cause. 
He took the position of Adjutant of the 44th, to fit 
himself, by actual service in the field, for higher and 
more important duties. In pursuance of this, he soon 
accepted a position on the brigade staff. His health 
gave way, from exposure at Donelson ; and while at his 
home on sick leave he was commissioned Major of a 
cavalry regiment, and soon after was commissioned 
Colonel of the 129th Indiana. 

Our Chaplain, Dr. .Green C. Beeks, at the time of 
his acceptance of the chaplaincy, was presiding elder of 
Fort Wayne circuit. As an eloquent preacher his prom- 
inence gave him much influence, which he used in the 
enlistment of men for the regiment. Having been for- 



2C2 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

merly a practicing physician, his knowledge and skill 
rendered his services valuable at all times. He was with 
us at Donelson, and devoted himself energetically to 
the care of our wounded. He accompanied the regi- 
ment to Pittsburg Landing, was taken sick on the way 
up the river, and sent to the hospital, thence to his 
home, where he lay at death's door for many months. 
His health was so much impaired that upon his return 
to his regiment he found himself unequal to the duties 
of his position, and resigned his commission and re- 
turned to his home at Fort Wayne. 

George W. McConnell, Escp, of Angola, Steuben 
County, was a gentleman of high standing, who accejjted 
the position of Quartermaster of the 44th, and used his 
best efforts for the good of his country by devoting 
himself to the health and comfort of the men of the 
regiment with untiring zeal. Upon our getting fairly 
under way in the field, he resigned his commission-, in 
February, 1862. He is remembered with the kindliest 
feelings of regard by all. 

But I must hurry on. I find that I have more than 
filled the space allotted me, and I much fear that, in 
traveling over the same ground as our Historian, I have 
been repeating what has already been far better ren- 
dered. I wish much to add a short chapter on the 
" Siege of Corinth," and then bid a long farewell to 
the "Iron Men" of the 44th Indiana. 



<-:\o 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 263 



CHAPTER V. 

Genkral Buell had not forgotten us, and did not 
fail to reclaim the regiments of our brigade. I was or- 
dered to report to him, which I at once did in person. I 
found him a solidly-built, soldierly-looking martinet of 
about 5 feet 7 ; shoulders well back, breast thrown out, 
head erect — in feeling, an embryo Napoleon. I was 
referred to his chief of staff, and by him directed to 
report to our former division commander. General 
Tiiomas L. Crittenden was a true Kentucky gentleman, 
every inch a soldier— plain, straightforward and unpre- 
tending, his only thought being to do his whole duty to 
his country. He esteemed every brave man as a friend 
and comrade. I have known of his telling his chief of 
staff that he deserved to be shot, for marching his troops 
an unnecessary long distance on a blistering day, the 
hot southern sun heating our rifles so as to be almost 
unbearable to the touch. His sympathies were with the 
men, to whose care and comfort he devoted himself 
without stint. Himself and family were looked upon 
with the warmest feelings of regard by all his soldiers. 
They moved amongst us like the patriarchs of old, their 
presence giving a home and kindred feeling to all. In 
battle he was a Saladin, — with his only child — a boy 
of some seven years — on his horse behind him, he would 
have cut his way with his good sword through a host. 



264 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

General Buell took exceeding good care to provide 
for us a brigade commander after his own heart. Gen- 
eral Von Blank was a West Pointer. A man of sedate 
and sober aspect, exceeding tall and gaunt ; his 
length of leg greatly out of proportion to the trunk — 
dangling about, when mounted, in a supple-jack fash- 
ion. His face was small and 'sharp, his lower jaw 
receding; but his prominent, peaked chin made amends 
for this evidence of indecision. To be soldierly, he 
chewed tobacco in a feeble way. His eyes were small 
and faded, gray in color, and covered with large, 
gleaming spectacles. When he looked at you while 
speaking, your mind was so distracted by trying to 
decide to what to compare him, it was difficult to 
understand what he was saying. As he ambled around 
on his fat horse, he was as a whole an object fearfully 
and wonderfully made up. The "boys" very irrever- 
ently called him " Old Double Eye." 

He had, from some sort of conscientious scruples 
about fighting, as he said, resigned his commission in 
the army rather than take part in the Mexican war. 
Afterwards his conscience had given him so many 
twinges for dishonoring his country's draft for the debt 
he owed it, that he had resolved to wipe it out now, — 
and here he was, in all his glory. It goes without say- 
ing, that he was an immense tactician, but his specialty 
was "orders." 

He soon set himself about organizing a school for 
the instruction of his ColoYiels in all the loie he had 
imbibed. An order was promulgated that each and 
every Colonel appear at brigade headquarters at 7 p. m. 



PERSOSAL REOOLLECTIOSfL 265 

sharp. This, as a matter of imminent peril, was dis- 
cussed in committee of the whole. One of the Colonels 
had in other days commanded a brigade. He felt the 
indignity deeply. To be called upon to attend school— 
and night school at that— and be put through his paces 
by this "slab sided dotard." was a little too much. 
Another of the Colonels had for years "taught the 
young idea how to shoot." To be thrust back into a 
pupil,— would see him d— hanged, first ! The other 
two, being of more pliable natures, and not having had 
the same advantages, reported as directed. The Gen- • 
eral, with imposing deliberation, opened school by 
placing himself at his camp desk with book in hand, j 
and demanded what we knew of the recusants. We \ 
smoothed down his ruffled mane with assurances of their 
presenting themselves on a future evening. We soon 
got in accord when we found the General relied upon 
his tactics entirely, and was easily led to read the whole 
question and answer to us. Our report led the other 
Colonels to reconsider their determination, and we pre- 
sented ourselves in a body. The General's digestion 
was at fault, probably,— after a time he propounded a 
difficult problem that we professed our inability to dem- 
onstrate, and asked that lie would expound for us. The 
General looked wise, adjusted his glasses, read, but could 
not find the right place — commenced again, got con- 
fused, blundered. School closed. Other duties pre- 
vented a re-opening. 

On April 22, 1862, weMeft our camp, where we had 
so long remained, and around which so many memories 
clustered, and moved forward three miles and reported I 



i-itW.\fMKt 



206 PERSOyAI. RECOLLECTIONS. 

to General Crittenden. From this time forward we 
were almost constantly in front and on picket duty, and 
skirmishing with the enemy, changing camp almost 
daily, constructing roads, cutting down timber, build- 
ing bridges, throwing up entrenchments, etc., had but 
a tithe of which been done while we were doing nothing 
but waiting for the enemy to attack us at Tittsburg 
Landing, our position would have been impregnable, 
while now there was as little use of all this wasted labor, 
our heavy picket line being three to four miles in ad- 
vance, and almost continuously fighting as the enemy 
were slowly driven back. When we had arrived within 
six miles of Corinth there was immense artillery firing; 
heavy siege guns were got into position on eminences, 
and thundered away at space. The black-bearded, short 
and stout General P. would climb a tree or some other 
elevation, and with a field-glass at his eye scan the 
enemy's earthworks, six miles away, to decide whether 
a breach was made. This booming of big guns came 
to be a lullaby to which the men would fall asleep as 
quietly as a babe on its mother's lap. At other times 
we were called into line of battle half a dozen times a 
day, during which time there would perhaps be fierce 
skirmishing, as the enemy were gradually, inch by inch, 
driven back ; and at no time w;is there any good reason 
why we should not have moved forward to within point 
blank range of our siege guns and opened fire upon 
their works and at the town of Corinth, unless it might 
have been in deference to ''the wish of General Buell 
that the rebels should not be hurried too much. Almost 
every day afforded us the amusement of throwing up 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 267 

breastworks and skirmishing, while the rebels were mak- 
ing up their minds which way tliey should go. 

May 30th we were on picket at an old log meeting- 
house on the main Corinth road, when explosions and 
dense clouds of smoke and dust within the enemy's forti- 
fications indicated evacuation. 1 rode forward within 
plain view, could see no guns or troops, and returned 
and informed General Crittenden. Next day we occu- 
pied the camp of the 19th Louisiana, in Corinth. 

June 4th we marched, with three days' rations in our 
haversacks, following the rebels' line of retreat as far as 
Booneville, Mississii)pi. We returned by way of luka, 
stopping here until June 14th, when we took up our line 
of march for Florence. We went into camp on the 
Tennessee River near Tuscumbia, where we spent some 
time, while our army was building block-houses and 
other fortifications, from Mississippi to Georgia ; thence 
to Athens, Huntsville, and to the Tennessee River at the 
corner of the three States of Alabama, Georgia and 
Tennessee, and went into camp at the junction of a 
little stream called Battle Creek with the Tennessee 
River, a few miles west of Chattanooga. 

While on this long, weary march under the scorching 
rays of the southern sun — a clbud of dust following us 
by day, and all manner of oree\)ing things to annoy us 
at night — the men would manage to pick up some 
crumbs of comfort, in spite of the surveillance of 
" Double Eye" or Don Carlos, who rode from rear to 
front with his staff, and did not fail to note any irregu- 
larities as he passed. One day : " Colonel, I see many 



"> ('. 



268 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

of your sergeants without their guns. Why is this?" 
" They are in command of their companies." '• Where 
are the company officers?" "Killed or wounded in 
battle." "They should carry their guns instead of a 
sword." " Am I to consider that an order ? " After 
evading a direct reply for a time, he finally said «' No," 
and passed on. 

Among the hills and in the hollows, all over the 
South, are ragged nooks where the scouts and " bum- 
mers " knew by instinct apple-jack, peach and bourbon 
must grow, in the nature of things, and of course must 
somehow be unearthed from its cachd. Canteens were 
very handy. If one was thirsting for a drink of water, 
and asked one of the men for his canteen, he would 
say, " Haven't any," and would call out for a canteen 
of water to be sent to the front. After some delay 
some one in the rear would pass forward his canteen. 
When put to your lips for a good long drink, you would 
sputter, cough, and grunt "Whisky!" If good, you 
would finally become reconciled. 

An army passing through an enemy's country zvii/ 
have some of the good things, eatable or drinkable, if 
there are any within five miles on either side of the line 
of march. The unhappy man with a well-stocked cellar 
on the line of march will go thirsty for the balance of 
that year, I have seen men rush to a stagnant, swampy 
mud-hole, get down on their stomachs, and drink water 
that the horses would not touch. 

One day, while halting, 6ne of the men spied a baby 
in a house near by. He was off like a shot, secured it, 
and brought it out, and it was passed from one to an- 



PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 269 

Other, was caressed and kissed as never was babe before. 
The poor mother stood trembling, in an agony of fear 
lest it never reach her arms again. On another occasion 
the sight of a baby raised a shout that caused its fright- 
ened mother to clutch it and run off and hide out of 
reach, and no persuasion could induce her to return 
with it. 

On one occasion, when away down in Mississippi, 
Alabama, or some other God forsaken place, when on 
half rations, fresh meat had grown to be one of the 
things that memory dwelt upon with longing. A little 
party found a slab-sided land shark roaming the woods, 
and soon brought it down to fresh pork. While in the 
very act, red-handed, the General pounced down upon 
them. In passing I was hailed by his Adjutant, and 
taken to the spot. The General stood aghast at the 
enormity of this breach of "orders," and went on 
lecturing the men upon the heinousness of the crime. 
I did not interrupt him, wanting time to think of some 
way out of the dilemma, but could find none, other than 
to charge back upon him the folly of expecting men 
with guns in their hands to resist such temptation, when 
living on half rations of "sow-belly and hard-tack." 
When ordered to prefer charges against the men, I 
bluntly refused, telling him that if he wanted it done 
he must do it himself— that I considered it an act wor- 
thy of commendation. Whether the boys sent him a 
roast, and thus mollified him, I do not remember. I 
heard no more of it, at all avents. 

Another time, after marching all day, a detail was 
ordered for guard duty. Upon in([uiry I Icanietl iluit 



amtrnmimmmimd^c. 



270 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

it was to guard tlie house of a prominent rebel, I 
directed tlie Adjutant to pay no attention to it. Some 
hours after, the brigade Adjutant rode over to learn why 
it was not fiirnisheil. I told him we came out to fight 
rebels, not to guard their property. Of course the 44th 
stood badly at court. Its Colonel was looked upon as 
most insubordinate, and a good opportunity awaiteil for 
his overthrow. I attended this same "court " on occa- 
sion, and saw richly-appareled secesh ladies drive up in 
grand style — their coachman and courier in livery — 
alight, present themselves to the commander of a Union 
army, who bowed himself to the very grouiul — the 
slightest intimation of their wishes a command to be 
obeyed. 

We remained for some weeks in camp at Battle 
Creek, guarding the river — the rebel pickets on the 
opposite shore. 

Many incitlents of interest, happening here, time 
and space will not permit my dwelling upon ; but one 
incident I will give. General Buell was by instinct, if 
not by birth, possessed of all the chivalry of the true 
Southerner. Within our camp was the residence of an 
an officer in the rebel army. His family, living in our 
very midst, were on intimate terms with the officers and 
men of our army, and were fully informed of all going 
on about them. Their slaves, cattle, horses, sheep and 
all other property were guarded with scrupidous care. 
The wife of this rebel officer, desiring to visit her hus- 
band, was, after some weeks, passed over the river 
within the enemy's lines, by order of General Buell. 
This lady was escorted by myself and others to the 



J'EUSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 271 

river. Slie was undoubtedly expected by her friends on 
the other side. This took place while (ieneral Bragg 
was getting ready for his invasion of Kentucky ; and 
when fully prepared he marched his army north, leaving 
liucU lo follow at liis leisure — which he did, abandoning 
all of his immense line of fortifications and railroad 
bridges, for the benefit of our Southern brethren. Then 
commenced the great foot race for Louihville, which 
was won by Buell, while Brngg was bagging the game 
on the way and capturing many thousantls of federal 
troops. 

After waiting at Louisville to reorganize, and for the 
large reinforcements the loyal North hurried to his aid — 
while Bragg and his army overran Kentuck) — at length 
Buell leisurely moved his aimy into the neighborhood 
of the enemy, but carefully avoided giving battle. 

When we reached Perryville, Bragg forced a right 
with a portion of our army, and a whole hecatomb of 
lives of brave men was sacrificed — for what ? Let Don 
Carlos Buell answer. He was not even aware, lor some 
hours, that there was a battle in progress; which might 
possibly indicate that Bragg ungenerously failed to give 
due notice of his intentions. Our division was within 
easy reach, and for hours in line of battle, awaiting 
orders to move forward into the fight. At last they 
came. 

Away dovvn in memory's depths I can see that chiv- 

alric Kentuckian, Colonel H , move to the front of 

his brigade, — his face newly shaven, his long hair 
smoothly combed back from his martial brow, mus- 
tachios freshly waxed, and twisted into rat-tails on each 



272 PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

side his face ; his chapeau-bras in hand, and with it 
gently bee koning forward his brave knights to the cliarge 
as he backed his caracoling steed with the skill and 
grace of a knight of old in list of tournament, — when 
lo ! the enemy were on their winding way in full retreat 
— -the cravens. 

We arrived only to finil the battle-field strewn with 
the slain. Never was such a ghastly sight as was here 
presented — in cold blood to be called to look ui)on the 
slaughtered thousands — the enemy gone. 

This was Buell's first and only battle. To him alone 
belongs the credit of this massacre. He was disjjlaced 
from command, and compelled to render an account be- 
fore a tribunal presided over by — General Lew. Wallace. 

After some days wasted, we were ordered in pursuit 
of Bragg's retreating army, which was loaded down 
with the rich spoils gathered in his Kentucky raid. 
When we had overtaken him we could only skirmish 
with his rear guard as he was driven out of the State. 

Here I must bid a final adieu to the 44th Indiana. 
My recollections have carried me far beyond what I 
intended or was expected, and I owe an apology for the 
delay caused thereby. I will close with a sentiment. 

Here's to the men of the glorious old 44th Indiana. 
May their memory be ever green in the hearts of their 
countrymen — " May they live a thousand years, and 
their shadow never be less." 



A LETTER 

FROM COLONEL HUGH B REED TO HON. F. P. RANDALL, 

FORT WAYNE. 



Hkaihiuautf.u.s FoiiTY-FouuTii Indiana Vols.,) 
I'ilt.'fljur',' LaiuUn-i, Tcnu., April l.st, 18U2. | 

Hon. F. J'. Itdnddll, Miii/or, Fort Wnyne, 1ml.: 

My Dkak SiK — Your very kind and welcome letter of tlie 
20tli iiist. wiis liiURlod uie yesterday. Your coniiuendatioii.s niul 
coiit,'ratulati()iis, if apjjlied to tlie reginieut, are iiierilod. It is 
certainly very gratiCyiiijj t<j nic to know tliut our ellort.s are appre- 
ciated liy our IVienil.s at lioim.'. 

We iiave not liad full Justice from tlie press— nor yet In oflicial 
rep(jrt.s of eoninia riding ollieers; neither does my own ollieiul 
report, gotten up under a constant demand for it every half hour, 
give a fair umlcrstanding of wliafr we accomplished in this our 
first balth,-. I do not know how it was done, but anotlier regiment 
is given tlie position tlie lltli Indiana occupied in the balllo of 
the afternoon. Wo were In advance of the lllh Inillanu when the 
Jlth made its brilliant charge up the hill. As to the " supiiorting 
part," I never heard of it until I saw it in the publishi;d reports. 
The Kth Missouri being in advance of us, engaged the enemy first. 
We were exposed to the same bullets, however, and to get ut the 
enemy I was compelled to change our position to the left of that 
regiment— one of the things, I can assure you, both dilticult and 
dangerous to do in the face of a perfect hailstorm of bullets. Ji was 
successfully accomplished, however, and we charged up the hill 
In gallant style, cheering lustily. 

Our churye was what started tl^e rebels back to their entrench- 
ments. At this time the 11th Indiana was yet in our rear and 
passing to our left. I ilo not mean by what I say to detract from 
other regiments, but to make plain our part and to claim what is 
Justly our due. I very freely acknowledge that Morgan I,. .Sinitli 



18 



274 LETTER FROM COLONEL REED. * 

and the Sth Missouri Ueseive greater credit tiiaii any, as tlicy iiad 
tlie advance, engafied tlie enemy lirst, and fmifilit Kl'>riou.sly. To 
him and liis regiment I give tlie full meed ol' praise. 'I'lie lltli 
fouglit its own battles of tlie moi-ning and afternoon, neitlu-r see- 
ing nor receiving an order from any otlier tliaii its own Colonel. 
Had eitlier divi.sion or brigade coniuiaiider lieen with us during 
tlie battle, we miglit not have been denied tlio justice we failed to 
get in their otlicial reports. 

It would all'ord me great pleasure to be able to comply with 
your suggestion to send you a line scccsh Hag. I woul 1 most gladly 
do this, as a very slight return U>t tlu; "old glory" you and the 
ladies i)resented us. I will bear it in mind, and make a liasli for 
tlie linest looking one when ojiportunity oilers. Had we not bi.'en 
hurried o(f with such cruel liast(; from Donelson, alter the surren- 
der—scarcely given time to bury our dead or care propi'rly fur our 
■wounded— I might have sent you the mementoes of inteiest you 
request; otliers carried them oil'. You Mill ask why we weie thus 
hurried away. Well, perhaps because our brigade was first to 
march in and U\ke possession of the Kort. The -lUh, at the lie;id 
of the column, marched through the ranks of the enemy to the 
river, and took possession of the imminse stores of property cap- 
tured. Whether we were too fast in doing this or not, I wt)n't say. 
Wc had been ordered to make an attack that morning on tin; rebel 
works, and were all ready to march forward for tills purpose, when 
news reached us of the surrender,— it was not ollicial, and wc 
marched on and took possessiou.- 

It looked very much for a time as if we would have to fight our 
way In. The enemy were drawn up in line of battle on each sitle 
of the road, with their guns ready to bring to their shoulders. Had 
any officer given the command, "lUady— fire," we should not 
have gone in without a fight. 

While we were marching over the buttle-tteld of the preceding 
day, and over the rebel eiitrenchmenls, I for the first time fully 
realized ail the horrors of war. Thv ground was In many jilacos 
strewn with the dead, many of them horribly mangled by cannon- 
balls. But this is the dark side of the picture; it had best be left 
covered. 

I have already written a long letter, but have not yet done 
what I started out to do. l^wlsh to give some account of the 
battle of the morning, this being the lirst time we were under 
fl,(;_i;ypecially the part performed by company ollicers and men 
—so that should I not return to tell, they may have some little 



LETTER FROM COLONEL REED. 275 

portion of tlie cjeillt due them. I wish this, because of not having 
given it ill my oIlK'lal iciiorl, Ibr rta.sons already stated. 

CJaptaIn Murray, Co. H, oC I'ieroeton, left wing, fought gal- 
huitly. Ills (Ire was well directed, and did much execution when 
repul.^iing cavalry and infantry atlaclis. Co. 15 deserves high 
praise. Captain Murray is an old soldier— was in the Mexican 
AVarandin the regular army, lie says lie has been In a number 
of battles, and never saw a better fought one. This comimny was 
much exposed, and lost heavily. 

Captain Cuppy, Co. E, of Whitley County, was very danger- 
ously wounded in the early jiart of tlie action, while in advance of 
his company, lie Is us dauntless as a lion. Nothing but a bullet 
could luU him hum dc conibal. He is jet unable to retiuii to his 
regiment. Ills 2d Lieutenant, MclJonald, was in command of his 
company the balance of the day, and did well. Co. E lost a num- 
ber of brav(! men In killed and woumleil. 

Cajjtaiu Uingham, Co. H, Lagrange County, was cool and in- 
trepid. While we were waiting our chance at the enemy, and 
yet uucerlaln whether Colonel Logan's ;Jlst Illinois regiment was 
out of range of our guns, he took our tlag from where it had been 
]ilacetl in front ot our centre, and carried it forward ten or twelve 
paces, to a prominent position, and waved it In the air. lie was 
saluted with a volley. I exjiected each moment to see him fall, 
but he walked back unharmed. Jlotli his Ijieutcnants were ab- 
sent, sick. Co. II fiiught bravely and well. 

Captain Tannehill, Co. C, of Eyrt Wayne, did his duty fear- 
lessly. I'rompt and decided, always kind and consitlerate, he 
looks to the welfare of his men llrst, his own last. This, our color 
company, occupied an exposed position and Ajught bravely. 1st 
Ijieutenant Wm. Story was the llrst to place our colors ten paces 
in front of our line, that the enemy miglit know we were reaily 
and our friends that we were there. 2d Lieutemint I'hillp Unuid 
Is as valiant as Hercules. He was detailed on other duty, but was 
not to be cheated out of the tight. He performed his part man- 
fully, as did Sergeants Carman ami Livingston. You will prob- 
ably remembei' a freckh'd-faeed boy of Itj— .Sam. Sweet, Co. C, son 
of Erancls Sweet, and Tom Stanley, Co. IJ, son of Chauucey Stan- 
ley, who I thought, when they came into camp, had far better beat 
school ; both of them stood their ground ajid fouglit like heroes — 
blazed away at tlie rebels as eoolfy as the bravest. They won their 
si)urs, and are fairly entitled to a ''well done, gooil and faithful 
Sjidiors," lor present reward. A. 1'. ^\'aterluulse, John .Strong, 
Michael Harrison, Willhuu Woodford, Uwen .Shaw, John Keofer, 



276 LETTER FROM COLONEL REED. 

Fred. Ktino, Win. Hedges, Win. Noililliifr. Joiiii i;i/,i(;, .laiius M. 
Flutter, Win. Henderson, I'eter Slalil, Uolicrt Slewuil, .los. Nico- 
deiniis, Frunlc lialdwln, MiUon Kites, Marion .Me(Jiiuiis, .lacob 
Kress, Aiij;. 'I'lavenei-, .]os. Haisli— ii little (liuniilin^; of a Ijoy of 
18, wltli a fresli, ehiiliby laee, (calltHl "C'liub,") ii t;cniTal favorite. 
John t!. Dec was llie vuiy lirst to fall, while linlitiii;; lilii; a hero, 
giviiif? up his yoiint; life In defense of hl.t country. All deserve 
hont)rahlc mention, as do nuiiiy others, if time and spuee per- 
mitted. 

c;omi>any I, of I'^lkhart County: (,'aptain Heath Is a Trojan, 
brave as a lion, promjit and wary, ever ready fur an emeryeney, 
active and decided in light or counsel. There is no better soldier 
tlnm ("aptain .Mbert Jieath. Tlie more you know lilni, thi' better 
you like him; \u\d his company i)arl,ako of his (jiialitles. 1st 
Lieutenant Hodges, th«>ugh sick, was at Ills jjost.aml ilid his whole 
duty nobly. 2d laeutenant Curtiss is as steady and brave as one of 
the Old (iuard ; and Wergeant Manslleld, 1). Uelknap, 1!. F. Laj ton, 
and very many others, are of the same sort. 

Captain Cosgrovc, (Jt>. 1), of Allen County, is an Intrepid sol- 
dier, cool and prudent, of much exjiei'ience, having serveil in the 
Mexican War. Hi strategj ho is an adept, and fought with valor 
andjudgment. "You can Lie to him." IHs 1st Lieutenant Wayno 
is as sinrited and brave as his namesake. Mad Anthony. Jle will 
quibble over the ninth jiart of a hair in a bargain, anil will give 
his last dollar to a frieiul in need. He is a good olliccr and a brave 
man. 2d Ijieutenant, the lamented J. Delta Kerr, who died at 
Evansville, of typhoid (ever contracted at Donelsim — the bravest 
of the brave. Kver f<jrcniost in all lliat was valiant, his chivairic 
bearing won the hearts of all. Alas, no more shall he be with 
us on the march, or his kindly beaming face cheer our bivouac. 

" He sleeps his hist sU'<'p, rfe has fuUKht his last, balth', , 
Nu more shull he wukeii to glory iigulii." 

Sergeant Geo. W. Mchell, James Ueed, Piatt Squires, William 
Underwood, William Casebeer, D. McCord, J. McClellan, John 
Poppy, and John Trauger, deserve honorablo mention, as ilo many 
others. 

Captain Merrill, Co. F, of DeKalb County, wa.s sick and unable 
to take much part. 2d I-ieutenant Klnmont had commnnd. Ho 
is a brave, determined soldier, did his whole duty, and is ileserv- 
ing of high praise. Hergcant Kol. DeLong is entitled to especial 
coniniendatlon for his coolness and Intrepidity. Ho prefiirred to 
pick his man as a sliarpshooter, and did exi'cution. Alexander 
Kinmont, Sol. Kinsley, Thos. Sloau, Samuel Jacques, and others, 



')?i' 



> (■ I ) 1 . ,H ' 



LETTER FROM COLONEL REED. 277 

did well. Adjutant Colgrove, first lieutenant of this company, per- 
formed his duty bravely during the entire day. 

Acting Captain Sowers, Co. A, of Steuben County, Is u good 
olllcer, cautious and "lull of cunning fence," a dangerous foe, a 
great lactlcian. lie has won his spurs,— may he wear them to the 
end. 2d Lieutenant Smith is a brave man and a good soldier. He 
fought valiantly, as did also Lewis Grillilh, Samuel Tinsley, John 
Gilbert, Oliver Throop, John Ryan, and many others. Captain 
Kinney and 1st Ijieutenant Rose, of this company, were botli ab- 
sent, sick. 

Co. G, Captain Williams, and Co. K, Captain Aldrich, were 
unfortunately separated from the regiment, having been left at 
Henderson, Ky., to guard tliat post. They were highly indignant 
at being left belilnd, when the Hth stopped on its way down the 
Ohio, en roitCe for Fort Henry. 

Our .Surgeon, ])r. Martin, deserves much praise. No man ever 
devoted lilmself more faithfully to his duties. His whole time was 
given, day and nlglit, to the care of the wounded and sick. 

Surgeon llerick was in charge of the sick at Henderson and In 
liospital at Callioun. Tlie Important duties of ills position were 
nevei' more faithfully and conscientiously performed. His wliole 
soul is in his work. 

(Jur Chaplain, Dr. Beeks, was detailed to take charge of the 
wounded and sick on hoard of the steamer to Paducah. He now 
sull'ers from the ellects of his arduous labors in their behalf. He 
was taken sick upon liis return to the regiment at Fort Henry, and 
refusing to go where he could have proper care, he came with us 
to I'iltsburg Landing, but was unable to leave the boat. He re- 
turned to Evansville, and from thence was sent to his home at 
Fort Wayne. 

H' I could but give to eacli man of the regiment his due ! This 
tiling of being drawn up in line to bo shot at— llzz— fizz— about 
your ears,— to look at tlie men while they stand waiting, waiting 
for the word /^(/•c-.'— bowing witli a most subdued air to the ene- 
my's salutations— well, it was not comfortable. The Illinois regi- 
ment did get away (if tiiey ever were in our front), and we did 
blaze away, and soon became so intent upon doing It that we were 
not aware that we had Ijeen left entirely alone, and the enemy 
attempting to surround us. We gave them a very warm i ecep- 
tion, repulsed their cavalry and infantry attack, and witlidrew 
slowly and In good order to wliere our other forces had taken up 
tiieir position. The Hth was the last regiment engaged during tiie 



278 LETTER FROM COLONEL' REED. 

monilnsr. and the very last to leave the Held. I have alroudy said 
we engaged the enemy in tlic nitcrnoon, and drove liiiu inside ids 
entronelunonts. 

Now all tlii.s jnay not seem of sninclent importanoe to you, at 
tliis late day aftvr the battle, to Justify my leaving many matters 
you refer to unanswered. Nevertheless, I shall have todefor them 
for another oeeasion. 

We are, as you say, pretty well down into Dixie, and I suppose 
we shall have a flight hufore golui,' much further. Itut I will spare 
you. With kinde.st regards to Mrs. Uundall and all tho other 
ladles wliu helped witli our flag, 

I am very truly yours, 

Hugh B. Reed. 




JOHN H RERICK, 

BlIRGUON. 



FIRST RE-UNION 

OK 

The 44th Ibdiaba Yolubteers 

AT KENDALLVILLE, INI)., 

TUESDAY, APRIL U, A. IJ. 1H80. 



On the lOtli day of September, 1879, at a soldiers' 
reiiiiioii at Auburn, ludiaua, the inenibers of the 44th 
Iiidiiina Vohiiiteer Infantry, then present, met and 
formed a temi)orary organization, witli IMajor W. B. 
liin^'iiani as President, S. B. Sweet as Secretary, and 
IMajor J. H. lleriek as Jiiograplier ; and set Ajjril Gtli, 
1880, tiie eigliteentli anniversary of the battle of Shiioli, 
and Kendallville the |)laee, to hold the first reunion and 
perfect a jjermanent organization of the regiment. 

On the early trains on that day members of the regi- 
ment began to arrive, and by mid-day upwards of one 
hundred had congregated. Now was witnessed a seene 
never to be forgotten by the participants. Comrailes 
true, and brave juen, long since parted, once more 
clasped each other l)y the hand with u si)irit that be- 
tokened a friendship as lusting as life, heartfelt greet- 
ings were heard on every side, familiar faces brougiit to 
memory scenes and incidents long since forgotten, 
battle scenes were re-enacted, incidents on the march 
and in the camp were rehearsed. The enjoyment was 
at its height when the long roll was beat and the regi- 
ment fell in line under the okl regimental tlag they had 
so ol"ten followed to victory. 



280 FIRST RE- UNION. 

Under comnumd of ISfajor Biu^^liaiii, the regiment, 
heaJed by martial music, mareliud lu (lie dti.ot to meet 
expected conirudes on tlie east ami west trains. On tlie 
arrival of the trains, the regiment, with au-mented 
ranks, took up the line of march for the city. Arriving 
in front of the Hall, a halt was made, when Captain 
Cosgrove advanced to the front and center of the line 
with the old 44th flag, and proposed for it three cheers, 
which were given with u will that only old soldiers caii 
ap])reciate. 

Once more in the Hall, the meeting was called to 
order hy iMajor IMngham, President of the lemjx.rary 
organization, after which 8. ]I. Pierce delivered an 
address of welcome in beliulf of the citizens of Ken- 
dallville. 

The IM-esident then announced that Colonel H. Ji. 
Reed would not he ])resent, being detained at his home 
in New Jersey on account of sickness. 

The Secretary, S. ]i. Sweet, then stepped on the stage 
and read the address the Colonel had prepared to deliver 
in person. The address was listened to with marked 
attention, and at its conclusion the boys arose to their 
feet and gave three rousing cheers for Colonel \iwi\. 

Colonel VV. C. Williams ollered the following resolu- 
tion, which was adopted unanimously : 

♦ ^, ''?"''"', V,"' •l''''';*-*''''^'' '" »>i-'l'i'"' «'l' tlio sncii'ty, prepare and send 
to(.ul()iiel Heed a letter ai)preeiatlve of their di-ep fe.-lliif,' of rc'ard 
lor luiii, Ills ^allaiiti'y and devotion to llie inleresl oC the re"iinoiit 
while euiinecte<l with it. Alsotlu^ir syiiii.athy lur him in lils ill- 
ness, whieh had prevented him meetiii'^ with Ihem this day." 

Several letters were read from absent members of the 
regiment, including a telegram from Colonel Philip 
Grund, all regretting their absence, and e.xjjressing a 
wish to be remembered by their comrades; each of 
which was applauded by the boys. 

Captain S. P. Bradford nmved that the regiment at 
once i)roceed to ellect a pern^anent organization, which 
motion was adopted with cheers. 

Major Rerick then presented a constitution for the 
consideration of the society. Several amendments were 



I'VRST RE- U^'^10l\. 281 

ofTored and added. After remarks on the merits of the 
coiistitLitiuii tiinl for tlie best inlercst of the society, by 
Captain S. P. J}radfonl, E. O. Rose, Captain Newman, 
F. W. Willis, Nick Ensley, K. I.ockwood, and others, 
the constitution was adopted as a whole, and reads as 
follows : 

Constitutiou of the Furly-fourlli Indiana Soldiers' Association. 

We the uiulursijineilex-iiietiibeisortlicJJth Regiment Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, Iieiel)y organize ourselves into an associa- 
tion, and adopt for our governnienl the foUownig Constitution : 

AliTlCLK I.— Namk. 

.SKcrroN 1. Tlie name of tliis soeiety shall bu Known as the 
44th Indiana Soldiers' Association. 

AUTICLE II.— OlJJECr. 

Hkc. 1. The object of the association sliall be the holdiiiK' of 
reunions of the members of tlie refiiriicnt, the renewal of acquaint- 
ance and friendship, also the preservation of the memory of the 
services of the ret,'iment and tlie names of its faithful members. 

AkTICI.K III.-DKKICEltS. 

SIX'. 1. The ollicers of the siKiiety shall consist of a l>resident, 

. a Vice-President, a Secretary, and a Treasurer; also an Kxeciitive 

Committee consistinj;; of one from eadi com|)any of the regiment. 

Skc. 2. Kacli ollicer shall iierforiii the usual duties of his olliee, 
e.\ccpt the Secretary, who, in addition to the usu.il duties of Sec- 
retary, shall keep a record of the members of the society, also a 
record of all living members of the regiment so far as he may l;e 
able to obtain them, together with the jiost-ollice address of each. 

Si'X'. ;!. The President, Vlee-Pi'esiden t and Secretary shall also 
be members of the Kxecutive Committee. 

Sko. J. The ollicers shall be elected at each regular meeting, 
and serve until tlicir successors are iluly elected. 

Aitriei.K IV.— .MKMitKusnip. 

Sec. 1. Any honorably dlscliurged njcxnberof the nth Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry may become a member of this association 
upon signing the Constitution in person or by authorizing ills 
name to be attached. 

AiiTioLE v.— Ukvknuk. 

Sec. 1. The President, Viee-Presidentand Secretary shall con- 
stitute a Committee on Finance, and shall credit all bills and 
accounts presented to the association fur payment. 

Sec. 2. Kacli member of the association will be expected to 
contribute to the payment of tlie expenses according to the 
amount required and liis ability. 



282 FIRST RE -UN ION. ' 

AllTICLK VI.— TiMK AND I'JLACK OK RkUNIONH. 

Sec. 1. The timu uiul place of reunions slmli be ilctermined 
by the E.\ociitivi! Conuniltee, and .shall require tlio vole of live 
ineinl)ei's cxelusive of the member living at the place where llie 
reunion is to bo lieiil. 

Article VII.— Dutiks of Memuku.s. 

Sko. I. ^-ael^ member of llie assocMatiou will bo expected to 
inform tlio Secretary of ail changes in iiis addros.s; al.so of llie de- 
cease of brother members of Llie society and of tiie legiment, not 
likely to be known liy the Secretary. 

Ahtki.e VIII.— Amendments. 

Sec. 1. This Constitution may be amended by a majority vote 
at any reauiar meeting. 



After tlie tiduption of the Con.stitiitlon, the following 
officers were elected to .serve the ensuing year : 

Pic.udeiit-\V. 15. HiNtniAM. 

Vicr- I'rcxlUv.iU — .1. II. UkkU'K. 

ti(fcrfl(iry—(i. W. (iouooN. 

Trcdsurcr—V. \V. Wu.i.rs. 

Ecccutivu Co»iHi(7^t'v— Company A.— I,ewis GuiEi'iTir. 

" H.— John 15. Waj.oo. 

" C— Samuel ]5. Sweet. 

" 1).— K. K. CO.SGKO\'E. 

" K.— Samuel IIa\en.s. 

" F.— Alexander Kinmont. 

" G.— IJAN K. JOIIN.SON. 

" II.— S.VMUEii P. Hradeoru. 

I. -I). L. Helknap. 
" K.— Nic'iioL.\s Ensley. 

ISroved by E. O. Rose, tluit a contribution be raised 
to defniy tiie expenses of tliis reunion and for the publi- 
cation of the i>roceedings in i)aniphlet form, for distri- 
bution to the nienibors ; which motion was adopted 
unanimously. 

Announcement was now nuule, by Amos ]J, Parks, 
that a free supper by the citizens of Kcndallville was in 
I'eadiness for the boys as soon as adjournment took 
place. The announcement was received with cheers. 

After remarks l>y Major Ilerick with reference to the 
forthcoming history of tlie regiment, the meeting ad- 
journed to meet at 7 o'clock. 



FIRST HE- IjyiON. 283 

MKETINO OK KXKCUTIVE COMMITTICE. 

Diii-iu^r the iuljouninicnt the I'Lxeeutivc Conmiittce 
met and organized, whin Major lieriek nioved that the 
next meeting of tlie -14th Indiana Bohliers' Association 
be iiehl at Fort Wayne, on Wednesday, February l(Jtli, 
ISSl, tiie nineteentli anniversary of tiie battle of Fort 
Donel.son, ijeing tiie tirst battle of any iniportanoe tlie 
re-inient was engaged in. The motion was adojite.l 
unanimously, and so reported to the association. 



EVENING SESSION. 



Pronijitly at 7 o'clock the meeting was called to order ' 
by the President, and the following programme carried . 

out : i 

1. Music by the martial band, I 

2. Historical record of the movements and marches ' 
of the regiment, by Major J. H. K'erick. •■ 

3. Song by the Glee Club—" John Brown,"— which 
was encored. 

4. Address by Colonel W. C. Williams. j 

5. Address by Lieutenant K. O. Rose. 

(i. Song by the Glee Club-" The Red, White and 
Blue." I 

7. Remarks by Captain F. K. Cosgrove. j 

On motion, a vote of thank.s was tendered the citi- 
zens of Kendallville for their liospitality ; also to tiie 
Glee Club, and to Mr. Mitchell for the free nse of his > 



lal 



The proceedings of the day and evening were en- 
livened by martial music by three members of the old 
44th band— W. T. Kinise^, John Kinisey, and W. H. 
Free— assisted by Messrs. Odell and Levi Hays, of La- 
grange. Billy Free played on the same snare drum 
used at Shiloh. 



284 FIRST RE-UNION. 

Three cheers were then given tlie INfexican veterans, 
of wlioiu four were on the stuye, nuniely : Major W. \^. 
liingluun, Herj-eant N. T. Fuller, Cai)tain V. K. Cos- 
grove, and J. Kiddle— all members, also, of tlie 44th 
Indiana, 

INIiich credit is due comrades Amos Park and Henry 
Park, who arranged the programme and superintended 
throughout, and by tlieir kindness made the boys feel 
at liome. 

UEPORT OF TREASUHEU, F, W. WILLIS. 

Total Rc'coipts of the A8sociation._. _ _ i^o ^.j 

Total Kx]j(.'iiso8 oi Itonnioii _ _ " '{[ jji^ 

Haliuice in Treasury ^^Volq 

On motion, adjourned to meet in Fort Wayne on 
Wednesday, February IGth, 18S1. 

F. W. GORDON, 

Skcuktaky. 



MEMORIAL 

TO TllK 



State Legislatuj^e of Indiana 



ADOPTED 

JANUARY Mr), 180;J. 



To THK General Assembly of the State of Indiana : 

Tiiic uiKloisigiic'ci, ollicers tuul sohliers of the Indiana 
Voliuitter Uugiuients, submitting witii patriotic self- 
denial to tiie i»oliey wiiieli denied us u voice in tlie late 
elections, and approving the ^\ isdoni of that feature of 
our government which secures the civil from the influ- 
ence of the military power, nevertheless desire to par- 
ticipate in the preliminary councils which are to sliape 
the popular ideas of the [State, and consecpiently to inm- 
trol the action of its re[)resentatives in the (general 
Assembly. 

We speak as soldiers, because our lives are stalced 
upon the issues of the present struggle as citizens, be- 
cause at no distant day those of us who survive are to 
sliare with you the responsibilities of citizenship, and 
to experience in common with the peoj)le at home the 
results of your i)resent deliberations. Whatever preju- 
dices may exist against any interference of the military 
in the allairs of State, certainly even the most vigilant 
guardians of the public interest could not expect the 
army to await with indillerence the result of deliber- 
ations which involve not^ only the common interests of 
the peoplt;, but also tlie lives ami fortunes of tliosc who 
have taken up arms to defend the integrity of the Union 
in a contest with our comnK)n foe in llu> Held. 



28(5 MEMORIAL TO LKGISLATUHK. 

Defeat strips the citizen of his fortuiU' luid liis politi- 
cal eiijoyiuent, I lie soldier of both tliese ami his honor, 
and, it may he, his life. It recjuires no argument to 
convince an intellif;ent mind that a war sustained l»y a 
iiniteii peojde, and urged with that energy and deter- 
mination which i)roceed only from undivided councils, 
presents a less fearful arra^' of casualties, with a better 
liope of success, than a sluggish contest waged l)y a 
party and merely sustained by a wrangling of factions 
at home. In other words, it recjuires more lives to sus- 
tain a government hampered and restricted by (he Jeal- 
ousy of a political party, than to sustain one supported 
l)y the voire of u unitetl peoi)le. As well might you 
cxi)ect a fettered victim to struggle successfully with his 
unlrammeled oppressor, as to hojie for a mition to sub- 
due its enemies when its energies are cramped by the 
unwise restrictions of a doubting majority. To live in 
si)ite of disease, every function must be clniracterized 
by the utmost vigor, and all unite against the common 
enen)y, who seeks in the destruction of one the certain 
ruin of all. Believing, then, that as soldiers we have a 
deeper interest in the great struggle than you can pos- 
sibly have as citizens, and, further, that the inliuences 
of military life have not untitted us for the high duties 
of citizeiisliii), we present ourselves before your honor- 
able boily as petitioners without apology. 

We come boldly, aHkin{» only what we have n right 
to expect, cither as citizens or soldiers, battling for the 
integrity of the Union 

We ask simply that you will give this war a cheerful 
and hearty support ; that you will strengthen anil 
energize every department of government; that this 
unlnippy struggle may be i)rcssed to a successful termin- 
ation ; that you will pour out the treasure of the State 
as your soldiers have poured^out their blood on the licld 
of battle, to aiil in the holy cause of restoring the Union 
of our fathers; that jou will abstain from heated politi- 
cal discu.ssions ami vi(dent part3' wranglings, until the 



Il 
.1 -Kt»»(( 



MEMORIAL TO LEGISLATVRE. 287 

juithoiity of our {government is once more estaMishml ; 
tliut you will re.si.st tiie inferniil sj)irit wiiith would 
waste victory in humiliating compromise, or render 
temporary reverses a j)retext for tlie alienating of an 
od'ending community ; tiiat you will sacrilice every 
tiling except liberty and political ecjuaiity, to national 
integrity; tliat you will sustain all the oHicers of the 
State and general government in tiieir eflbrts to suhdue 
this unholy rebellion ; and especially that you will sus- 
tain our worthy (Jovernor, whose every energy during 
the j)ast two years has been so entirely devoted to the 
cause of the government and its suj)i)orterb. We appeal 
to you especially to sustain him for the reason that it is 
chielly to his unceasing care and labor, exhibited in 
arming and supi)orting the troo/>s of Indiana, that we 
have to attribute our present i)roud jKJsition among the ! 
loyal States of the Union; and for the further reason, 
that he has den)onstrated by his acts that he is an earn- 
est and zealous ])atriot, devoting his time with untiring 
energy to the glorious cause for which we are battling. ] 

We appeal to you as our Representatives, to encour- 1 
age him in the good work of ministering to the wants 
of our unfortunate comrades, who have been stricken 
down in the strife of the battle-field, and by the cruelty 
of relentless disease; that you will confer on him all the 
necessary authority and jjlace in his hands the re(]uisite 
means to carry on the good work which he has begun, , 
remembering that one human life is worth all the \ 
treasure of the proudest State. 

In conclusion, we pn»pose the'following resolutions 
be adopted by the liCgislature of Indiana, and to con- 
stitute the basis of all their acts bearing upon the inter- 
ests involved in the foregoing address. 

1. licsolved, That we are unconditionally and deter- 
minedly in favor of the preservation of the Union. 

2. licsolved, That in order to the preservation of the 
Union, we are in favor of u vigorous prosecution of the 
war. 



\ 



288 MEMORIAL TO LEGISLATURE. 

3. Resolved, Tlmt we will sustain our State and fed- 
eral autliorities with money and sui)i)Iie,s in all their 
eflbrts to sustain the Union and proseeute tiie war. 

4. JicKolccd, That we diseountenanee every faetion 
and intluenoe tendnii? to create aniniositieei at liome, or 
to alloril consolation to our enemies in arms, and that 
we will eo-operate only with those who will stand by 
the Union, and hy those who are lighting the battles i)t' 
the Union. 

5. Jicsoh'cd, That we tender to his Excellency, Gov. 
O. P. Morton, the thanks of his grateful friends in the 
army, for his extraordinary ellbrts in their behalf, and 
assure him that neither time nor the corrupting inllu- 
ence of i)arry spirit shall ever estrange the soklier from 
tlie Soulier's frieiul. 



IlEAnCiUAKTint.S HTII llEOIMKNT INDIANA V()I.S.,| 

(.'sinil) at I\lui IVeeslJoru, Toiiii., Jan. i"), l.Sd.i. J 

This Is to certify tliiit tlio iiifinbers of tlio lltli Ui'jjiiiicii t Iii- 
dliuiii V'oliiiileoi-s, on (U-css panule, l)i'in^( foriiiud into lioUow 
square, ami the aljove i)i'i'ainljle aiul resolutions being rcail in 
tlieir hearing, anil the question put tliat those in lavor oC tlieui 
would shoulder iheir arms, every gun was raisi'd. lljjon calling 
upon those who were opposed, to slioukler aims, no gun was 
raised. There were thiMi proposed three elieers for our ylorioufi 
State and Slate olHeers, wliieh were given in a manner indicative 
(jf Indiana soliliers. 

8. C. AI.DRICII. 

Lieut. Col. Com'd'g lltii Ind. Kegt. 
W. W. MAIITIN, 

Surgeon llth Ilegl. and 

IJrlg. .Surgeon, 2d Brig., lid Dlv. 

JOHN II. ICKllinC, 

.\ssisiant Surgeon. 
GI'TOUtiK \V. iJAltU. 

Assistant Surgeon. 
J. C. IIODUIOS, 

Adjutant. 
NELSON A. SOWKUS, 

Cuninnindlng Compftuy A. 
MAUVIN H. lUITLKK, 

Acting Isl Lieutoaunt. 



MEMORIAL TO LEOISLATURE. 289 

JOSKPII UUU(;iI, 

AcliiiK 2d lieutenant, Company A. 
JOHN (HINSKNIIOIISK, 

1st Lieuteiuint, Company F. 
I. N. THOMAS, 

Actinjj 2d Lieutenant, Company F. 
JAMES C()]AAKll, 

Actinjj 1st Lieutenant, Company D. 
G. W. BHFLL, 

Lieutenant Comm'd'g Company D. 
IJAVID K. STOPHKK, 

Acting iid Lieutenant, Company D. 
JAMES CUIJTISS, 

lid Lieutenant, Company I. 
WILLIAM S. STOUY, 

1st IJeutenant, Company C. 
rniLIl' GIIUNI), 

2d IJeutenant, Company C. 
HI RAM F. KIN(i, 

Actiiifj l.st Lieutenant, Company H. 
DANIEL P. STItECKEU, 

Actiuf? liieutenant. 
WILLIAM IIILDElillAND, 

2d liieutenaut. Company E. 

s. J. co:miton. 

Company E. 
JOHN S. WILSON, 

l.st liieutenant. Company K. 
N. s. benni<:tt, 

2d liieutonant. Company K. 
JAMES C. RIDDLE, 

Actinj? 1st Lieutenant. 
M. W. McMURRAY, 

Acting; 2il Lieutenant, Company Q. 
JAMES 8. UI-riTY, 

1st Lieutenant, (Company B. 
WILLIAM SHEKIUJUN, 

Actlufi 2d Lieutenant. 

These are all the officers present of the 44th Regi- 
neiit IiidiaiKi Volunteers, Colonyl Williams being taken 
)risoner in the late battle. 

SIMEON C. ALDRICH, 
Lieut. Col. Com'd'B -Hth llegt. Ind. Vols. 

19 



NOTE. 



As the kind assistance rendered lii the prcparallou of the prcceUfiig pages 
was rendered mostly after the Piefuce was In print, It Is due that 1 should 
here make expression of sincere (O'atlludc to Colonel Iliigh IJ. Ueed for his 
very Interesting contribution under the title of "Personal KeeoUietlons, " for 
the Shlloh battle scene, and much other vuluuble assistance; to all who con- 
tributed jjlates for the personal Illustrations; to Sergeant George W. Gordon 
for the use of his published letters, "Life In the IJanks of the Fortyfourtli 
Indiana"; to Samuel B. Sweet, and others, for aid on the Company records; 
and to I{. 11. Keriek for the map. Tlianks to all. 

I could find no record of the names of the killed and wounded at Clilcka- 
mauga, which accounts for this omission. 

The following errata are noticed : On page 193, In the record of Captain 
Danseur, for "Shlloh" read Stone River ; on page 138, In the record of Sur- 
geon Martin, for "Indiana" read Jfuryia«d ; on page 137, for "IJev. George 
W. Beeks" read Jiev. Qretit C. Beeks \ on page -13, for "4th brigade" read 
M brij/ade. 

Two typographical errors are noticed on page 4.'3, where preceded Is made 
to read "proceeded," and ijrobubly to read "probable." There may be other 
like errors, but these and all other Imperfections I must now submit to, and 
trust to the charitable consideration of uiy old comrades. 

THE AUTHOR. 






i 



I 



CONTENTS. 



-» ♦ • 



CIlAPrEH I. PAOE. 

Organization _ _ 7,13 

ClIAPTEU II. 
The Departure II-Kl 

CHAPTEIl III. 
Ill the Fielil— Indianapolis— Kvansville and Henderson 2()-2*J 

CIIAI'TEU IV. 
The Green River Canipait;n 'M-'£i 

CIIAI'TEU V. 

Fort Donelsou, tlio Battle of— Killed and Wounded- 31-42 

CHAITEU VI. 

Fort Ilonry to IMttsburg Lainling- Battle of fjhlloh— Killed 

and W'uiuided I3-tiI 

CHAPTEK VII. 
To Corlntii and Battle Creek_ . (i2-Cfl 

(IIAPTEH VI II. 
The Great Foot Race from Battle Creek to Louisville 07-70 

CHAPTER IX. 
The PerryvlUe Campaign. _ „ 7i_7;j 

CHAPTER X. 

In the Vicinity of Nashvillc-skn niisli iit Rural Hill— Rcs- 
i^^nation ol Colonel, I,ii'iitiiiaiil-( 'olonel, and Chaphiin— 
Now O/liccrs 7-1-77 

CHAPTER XI. 
Stone River Battle-Killed and Wounded 78-S} 

cjiapti:r XII. 

At Murfreosboro— Disscnslon.sat the North— Memoriul of the 

Soldiers g^^g 



Mii) f ~l 



,1, •'• i1 llli/ 



292 



COXTLWTS. 
CUAl'TKU xiir. 



I'Ai.K, 



hroiii Miufrocslmro to Mi'M iniivillo- -Cliat timof.fjii— IfiiiK- 
t;<ilil-('ru\vii.sli S|iiiii-.s liiitlle of ('lii(lviiiii;iii"u -Skli- 
iiiisli oil Mih.siDii Ki(|-L' ()()_ 1)1) 

CUAl'TKU XIV. 
TliuSii-t;(M)r ('liiittaiioot,'u-.Siilh:riiit;>,iiml riililolisiu of the 

.Sollll'.'l'.^ — J IK-iduiltS 1(M»-1((') 

CUAl'TKU XV. 

A.s.si'iiniuiU to I'o.st l)iUy-\'uli r:ui Uo-cnllstmciit— \'et- 

cruii Kurloiiiih— lioiiii; and limU . lU(i-liw 

' t'lIAl'TKU XVI. 

Po.st Service i\t Cliiittaiioo-a— Service a.s Jlouiitid Jiifaiilry 
— Cliase of (ieiienil Koiic.st— Dealli of Kieiileiiaiil-Col- 
ouei lloilye.'5— llieiilelits 10'J-ll(i 

CUAl'TKU XVll. 
18(io and lloiiic— .Statistics 117-12« 



i'EU.SONAL MKNTION. 



Colon el.s 12!)- 

I.iculeiiaiit-CoUjiiels l.ii'- 

Majors l.il- 

-V (I j 11 tan Is I:;.')- 

*iiiai li rnuisters i:iii- 

Clia|ilaiiiN 1:;7- 

.Siii^eoii.s ];!■; 

Assistant Siirt;ooiis l.'ill- 

Non-i-oiiiniissionetl.Stall', i ll)- 

Coinpany A \ll- 

Coniimny L{ l.')0- 



l.i2 
l.'tl 

l:;.-) 

i.ii; 

i:!7 
l:;s 
l.i:) 

110 

Hi 

1.'>I) 
ir>s 



Company C , 


^^S-I(i) 


Coinjiaui' 1) 


l(i 1-172 


('oni]iaiiy K 


17-'-i7s 


Com 1 /any i'' 


17H-lS(i 


('om|iali.S' (i 


l.Mi-ll)2 


('omiuiny 11 .. 


ill '-IIK 


I'omiialiN' 1 


i!)--JO| 


Comiiany K 


L'l»)-L'2i 


lIiiassiL;iud Men 


212 


Sutlers -. . 


21.1 







PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

llY Cul.O.NKl, 111 (ill 1!. KkkU. 

I.IIAITKK I. 

Character of tiie Volnnleers— InehUnts at Henderson— 

•'My Nigger," etc _ i>ir,-2l!) 

CUAl'TKU 11. 

Calhonn to Fort Donelson— N'lsit to (Jeiieral <irant — Uattle 

of Kort Donelson — In l)over— Iiieidcn ts, etc 211I-22U 

CUAl'TKU 111. 

Ualtlc of Hhlloh - A True View— Personal .Mention ofOlli- 
cersaiul Men- Ciem-ral llnrlljiil and (ieneral Laiinian— 
Incidents, etc 2:10-217 



CONTENTS. 2'.);i 

(•H.\m:ii IV. 

!• UiK. 

Mattle ot'Shlloli (coiilliuicil)- I'lirt J'ci formed by (iciior-jil 
lUlL'ir.s Army— IiichU'Mts— Aiiioiit,' Ilie W'oiiinlcil ■ ( 'ol- 
cjiu'l S. S. liiiss, ol tin; :iOlli Indiitiia — I'lstiiiiatf m' ilic S»-r- 
vku's ol' till' Kegimeiit ut Home— Iiiekk-iils ami I'orsonal 
Mention -— liis-i'ii'^i 

CIlAl'TKU \. 

(ion era Is Hiiell and < 'rltteiuleii— Iiiculuutsoii tlio Maicli and 

in fanip— .Military Clas.s in the I-'leld, etc.— Adien 'ilL\\-Tr2. 



liKTTKIl KKOAI C(Jl,. KKi:i) TO F. 1'. UANDAI-L. 

.Account of the Mattle of Fort Donel.son— Correction of oili- 

eial Uoport— l'ei-.s(jnal Mention of OlHeei-s and Men 27^-J7K 



FIRST UF-UNI()N ((F TIIF FoUTY-ForUTII. 
I'roeeoilinKS -Con.'^titution of the As.scjeialion, etc :!7!i-J>4 

MKMOllIAL TO TIIK INDIANA I-KCISLATriU:. 
Adopteil liy tlie Uef,'inient .January •!'>, 18(i:i 2>!.->-2S'J 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Colonel lliij;l> H. Heed I'luiitixjihcr. 

l,ieutenant-(;olonel Baldwin .1. Croslliwail •_'!- Z') 

I,lentenanl-(.,'olonel .Simeon C. Aldrieli __ !«»- Ii7 

Major William B. lUngham l.{l-i.i.1 

Samuel 15. Sweet l.>S-|.j!l 

Captain .Jacob Newman li)i.'-l!);f 

Caitlain .Josei)li H. Danseur l!r.'-l!»:! 

Lientemmt Nicholas l':n.sley L'iHi-2(i7 

(ieorge W. (iordon — 2l()-i.'ll 

Snrt^eon John II. Uerlck 27.^-J7!i 

Scene at the Hiittle of I'itlsbnrg I>andinfi_ 12- i:{ 

Mai) Shi>winy the Movt.'menl.s of the lllh Indiumi.... "iDl-iiiti 



77 



7009 1