FORTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT
THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL
^AN 17 1957
A School or Scientific and Practical Agriculture
Supported Largely by Voluntary Contributions
Specializes in Training City Boys for Careers
Open to Boys of All Creeds from All Sections of
THE L'nited States
FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY
OFFICERS AND BOARD OF TRUSTEES
Louis Nusbaum, President
Louis A. Hirsch, Vice-President
Maurice Jacobs, Second Vice-President
James Work, Treasurer
Bernard Weinberg, Assistant Treasurer
Elsie M. Belfield, Secretary
Joseph H. Hagedorn, Honorary Chairman Board of Trustees
Leon Merz, Chairman Board of Trustees
Sydney K. Allman, Jr.
J. Griffith Boardman
S. S. Greenbaum
Jos. H. Hagedorn
Roy a. Heymann
Julian A. Hillman
Jos. H. Hinlein
Stanley H. Hinlein
Louis A. Hirsch
Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf
M. R. Krauskopf
Al. Paul Lefton
Edwin H. Silverman
William M. Adler
Gustave C. Ballenberg
Morris R. Blackman
Sylvan D. Einstein
Edwin B. Elson
Lester M. Goldsmith
Albert M. Greenfield
W. A. Haines, Sr.
Kevy K. Kaiserman
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles
A. Spencer Kaufman
Albert A. Light
Sydney J. Markovitz
David H. Pleet
Theo. G. Rich
Lee I. Robinson
Matthew B. Rudofker
Nathan J. Snellenburg
M. L. Strauss
Fred H. Weigle
Edwin H. Weil
Sydney L. Wright
William H. Yerkes, Jr.
Samuel S. Rudley Sol. Shapera
WOMEN'S AUXILIARY COMMITTEE
Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf, Chairman Mrs. A. Marks, Treasurer
Mrs. a. J. Bamberger
Mrs. Henry S. Belber
Mrs. D. T. Berlizheimer
Mrs. Leon Cohen
Mrs. Louis Finkel
Miss Belle Floersheim
Mrs. Sol Flock
Mrs. Henry Gartman
Mrs. Samuel Colder
Mrs. a. M. Greenfield
Mrs. Hiram Hirsch
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles
Mrs. a. M. Klein
Mrs. M. R. Krauskopf
Mrs. Sidney Lowenstein
Mrs. Theo. Netter
Mrs. Abr. A. Neuman
Mrs. Wm. Fleet
Mrs. Maurice E. Stern
NATIONAL BOARD OF STATE DIRECTORS
ISAAC STERN. New York City, Acting Chairman
Edmund H. Abrahams, Savannah, Ga.
B. Abrohams, Green Bay, Wis.
Sam Albrecht, VicksburK. Miss.
Henry A. Alexander, Atlanta, Ga.
Arthur A. Aronson, Raleitrh, N. C.
Marcus Bachenheimer, Wheeling, W. Va.
Melvin Behrends, Washington, D. C.
Dr. Henry J. Berkowitz, Portland, Ore.
I. W. Bernheim, Denver, Col.
W. P. Bloom, Tuscaloosa, Ala.
R. D. Blum, Nashville, Tenn.
S. B. Brunwasser, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Edgar M. Cahn, New Orleans, La.
Gabriel M. Cohen. Indianapolis, Ind.
Julius L. Cohen, Superior, Wis.
Louis Cohen, Ft. Smith, Ark.
Miss Felice Cohn, Reno, Nev.
Herman Cone, Greensboro, N. C.
Allen V. deFord, Washington, D. C.
Max de Jong, Evansville, Ind.
Nathan Eckstein, Seattle, Wash.
Samuel Edelberg, Saranac Lake. N. Y.
Herbert U. Feibelman, Miami, Fla.
Rabbi J. B. Feibelman, New Orleans, La.
Rabbi A. J. Feldman, Hartford, Conn.
Stanley Frank, San Antonio, Tex.
Ike L. Freed, Houston, Tex.
Max Friedwald, Billings, Mont.
Louis M. Fushan, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Judge Edward I. Gleszer, Bangor, Me.
Milton D. Greenbaum, Baltimore, Md.
N. Greengard, Mandan, N. D.
Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg, New York, N. Y.
Judge Samuel J. Harris, Buffalo, N. Y.
Hugo Heiman, Little Rock, Ark.
Harry Hirsch, Toledo, O.
Wm. L. Holzman, Beverly Hills, Cal.
Robt. W. Isaacs, Clayton, N. M.
Carl H. Kahn, Chicago, 111.
Thos. Kapner, Bellaire, O.
Edmund I. Kaufmann, Washington, D. C.
Howard Kayser, Minneapolis, Minn.
Daniel E. Koshland, San Francisco, Cal.
Rabbi Isaac Landman, Brooklyn, N. Y.
G. Irving Latz, Ft. Wayne, Ind.
Isidore Lehman, Jackson, Miss.
Jos. G. Lehman, Dayton, O.
Bernard' Levitt, Wichita, Kan.
Dan A. Levy, Fort Worth, Tex.
Dr. I. H. Levy, Syracuse, N. Y.
M. Lipinsky, Asheville, N. C.
Alex. Lischkoff, Pensacola, Fla.
J. H. Loveman. Birmingham, Ala.
A. L. Luria, Reading, Pa.
H. A. MackoflF, Dickinson, N. D.
Herbert Marcus, Dallas, Tex.
Ben. H. May, Oklahoma City, Okla.
Isaac May, Rome, Ga.
Jewell Mayes, Richmond, Mo.
Sam Meyer, Meridian, Miss.
William Meyer, Butte, Mont.
M. G. Michael. Athens, Ga.
Abe Miller, Chicago, 111.
Louis Mosenfelder, Rock Island, 111.
Herbert A. Moses, Sumter, S. C.
N. Murov, Shreveport, La.
Chas. Nussbaum, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Michael Panovitz, Grand Forks, N. D.
Judge Max L. Pinansky, Portland, Me.
Myron Porges, Pocatello, Idaho
James A. Pratt, Loch Raven, Md.
Chas. S. Rauh, Indianapolis, Ind.
Hiram S. Rivitz. Cleveland, O.
Alex Rosen, Bismarck, N. D.
Bernath Rosenfeld, Tucson, Ariz.
Arthur Rosenstein, Boston, Mass.
Emil Rosentock, Sioux City, la.
Dr. Henry Ross, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dr. Leo S. Rowe, Washington, D. C.
Samuel Rudley, Philadelphia, Pa.
Oliver R. Sabin, New York, N. Y.
Henry Sachs, Colorado Springs, Col.
Judge S. B. Schein, Madison, Wis.
Charles Schoen, Cedar Rapids, la.
Dr. Laurence Selling, Portland, Ore.
Max Semel, New York, N. Y.
David Snellenburg, Wilmington, Del.
Samuel Stern, Fargo, N. D.
Edward Stiles, Montpelier, Vt.
Bertram A. Stroock. Jackson Heights, N.Y.
Milton Sulzberger, Providence, R. I.
Louis Tober, Portsmouth, N. H.
Louis Veta, Cheyenne, Wyo.
Jerome A. Waterman, Tampa, Fla.
Adolph Weil, Paducah, Ky.
Isadore Weil, Montgomery, Ala.
Herschel Weil, Lexington, Ky.
Lionel Weil, Goldsboro, N. C.
Morris Weil, Lincoln, Neb.
Leo Weinberg, Frederick, Md.
Henry Weinberger, San Diego, Cal.
M. J. Weiss, Alexandria, La.
S. D. Wise, Cleveland, O.
NEW YORK COMMITTEE OF SPONSORS
ISAAC STERN, Chairman
Hon. Abram I. Elkus
Sidney C. Erlanger
Sydney B. Erlanger
Howard S. Gans
Mrs. Paul Gottheil
Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg
Siegfried F. Hartman
Miss Florence Henry
Leo H. Hirsch
Dr. Herbert M. Kaufmann
Mrs. Otto V. Kohnstamm
Daniel L. Korn
Arthur M. Kuhn
Dr. Isaac Landman
Herbert H. Lehman
Mrs. Harry F. Louchheim
Jesse J. Ludwig
Alfred I. Mendelsohn
Mrs. Sigmund Pollitzer
Dr. Henry Reiss
Louis P. Rocker
Louis F. Rothschild
Bernard J. Rose
Mrs. William Stern
Mrs. Samuel Stiefel
Mrs. Leon L. Watters
Dr. Stephen S. Wise
■ ''* 1
__^ ,- ,,.. ^s •''^HBiH
HHWitfe A^i> ' ^a
s'^^*- t *'
Louis Nusbaum, B.S., Ped.D. (Temple University), President
Samuel B. Samuels, B.Sc. (Massachusetts State College), Business Mana-
ger, Director of Domestic Department, Director of Athletics; Rural
Irwin Klein, B.Sc, M.Sc. (Ohio State University), Director of Student
Isidore Baylson, LL.B. (University of Pennsylvania) ; Fcnm Law.
Redding H. Rufe, M.D. (University of Minnesota), Physician; Applied
Walter J. Groman (The National Farm School), Head of Department of
Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering; General Agriculture and
Leonard Rose (The National Farm School), Assistant in Agronomy; Field
David M. Purmell, B.Sc. (Michigan State College), Head of Department
of Pomology and Vegetable Gardening; Pomology, Vegetable Pro-
duction, Plant Breeding
Solomon Leon Soskin (The National Farm School), Assistant in Pomology
and Vegetable Gardening
Herman G. Fiesser (Gartenbauschule, Geisenheim, Germany), Head of
Department of Ornamental Horticulture; Landscaping
W. A. Haines, D.V. M. (University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary
Medicine), Head of Department of Animal Science, School Veteri-
narian; Animal Science
Henry Schmieder, B.Sc, M.Sc (University of Pennsylvania), Head of
Department of General Science; Sciences, Apiculture
OTHER STAFF MEMBERS AND AGRICULTURAL SERVICE STAFF
Jean Wright, Matron
Norman G. Myers, School Mechanic; Farm Mechanics, Farm Carpentry
William J. Wilkinson
Assistants in Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering
Assistants in Pomology and Vegetable Gardening
Abraham Rellis, Assistant in Ornamental Horticulture
Paul Fickes, Herdsman
LeRoy M. Landis
Assistants in Dairying and Animal Husbandry
Raymond R. Rice, Assistant in Poultry Husbandry
Irwin A. Kulp
Roy J. Zeiher
General Farm Assistants
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT
October 1, 1944
Tliis Annual Report of The National Farm School is presented
at a time and under conditions which are most unusual and which we
all hope will never again exist so long as we or our children, or our
children's children may be able to congregate for future meetings
at this school.
The school has passed through a somewhat difficult year, due
largely to war conditions. Practically all students of the upper classes
either enlisted, or were drafted, into the armed services of the country.
The requirements of military service caused the school to reduce its
age for admission of new students to fifteen years, and scholastic re-
quirements for admission were lowered compatible with the new
minimum age limit.
There is evidence that there will be an increasing demand for
the type of instruction afforded by this school, both by beginners and
by young men now in the armed forces who already are making
inquiries as to the possibility of taking rehabilitation or refresher
courses at The National Farm School. As in the past, the school's
program includes provision for applicants of any of these types who
are otherwise fitted for admission to the school.
Although pupils are being received at a lower age and with less
advanced scholastic standing, the final standards of attainment for
the pupils have not been lowered. The additional preliminary work
made necessary by this situation will be compensated by intensifying
the instruction in the upper grades, so that these younger pupils will,
at the time of graduation, have completed substantially all the cur-
ricular work included in our course of study. Along with this rigid
program of related academic work, our students will continue to
devote approximately seventy per cent of their school time to super-
vised practice and detail work, both of which are essential parts of
the training offered in the school.
Likewise, the school is setting for itself increasingly high stand-
ards of production. If our training is to be of real value, it must be
able to demonstrate the most modern and best methods of production
so that the talents acquired by our students may be turned to profit-
able use after graduation. Therefore, we try never to lose sight of
the fact that good education must include good production.
Our physical plant, while in generally good condition has re-
quired during the past year, a number of unusual repairs of an
emergency nature. Many of our facilities are suffering from old age
rather than neglect, and, like the "One Hoss Shay", a number of
things have happened at the same time. These emergency repairs
have included the installation of two complete new heating plants for
service of some of our largest buildings, the replacement of heating
mains between two of the large buildings, and the relocation and re-
equipment of practically all the main telephone and electric poles on
the campus. It was unfortunate that so many of our capital installa-
tions terminated their usefulness at the same time. The replacements
which have been made will again serve the school for many years
Planning for the Future
Looking forward in our plans for development of the school into
fields of greater usefulness, the Board of Trustees has under con-
sideration several projects which w^e believe to be of vital importance.
First, when the proper facilities and personnel are found to be avail-
able, it is planned to expand the work of the school to the grade of a
Junior Agricultural College, with the attainment of the necessary
accreditation that goes with an institution of such a grade.
Second, the proposed plans include provision for the agricultural
education of girls. Throughout the time of his connection with the
Farm School, Dr. Krauskopf held this objective to be one of his
cherished aims. Although other considerations made its fulfillment
impossible during his lifetime, there seems to be no good reason
why the facihties and opportunities of our school should be confined
to the training of boys. It has been amply demonstrated, and more
especially during this war period, that in most farm operations, girls
and women can render as effective service as boys and men. Certainly
it is to be expected that farm wives with an agricultural training can
be more effective helpmates than those without such training; and
with a scientific training, the products of such a farm home can be
materially increased in value. From the point of view of male grad-
uates of The National Farm School, it would certainly be an added
stimulus for them to continue their agricultural pursuits after leaving
school if they could look forward to the companionship and eventual
marriage with young women whose training and interests had already
proven to be of the same kind as their own. The values of effective
• training of skilled agriculturists can be spread over a far wider area,
if girls as well as boys are Included In the pupilage of the school.
There is no sex limitation in other schools of comparable type. This
project, like the development of the Junior College Idea, must wait
on the recruitment of substantial additional funds, since this addition
to the school would require the establishment of a separate campus
and erection of separate dormitories and perhaps other buildmgs.
Third, The National Farm School Is badly In need of a modern
school building which can house all of the classroom activities of the
institution now scattered over a number of buildings because no
existing building has adequate or proper accommodations to care for
all classes. There will always, of course, be the need for certain
teaching facilities at the points where activities are in practice, but a
single school building designed to comprehend all kinds of classroom
acttvltles will give solidarity, dignity, and importance to the instruc-
tional work of the school. • , , i
Fourth, with increased physical facilities and with the develop-
ment of more highly specialized personnel, the school will be In a
position to expand its community services to agriculture. As a semi-
public institution, we feel that we have definite service obligations to
the community. Beyond these obligations, we believe that the neces-
sity of serving others, mostly adults with backgrounds of practical
experience, will do as much as any other one thing in challenging the
school to meet up-to-date requirements of an institution such as ours.
A number of such services have been included in the activities of the
school for some time. For the past three winters, the school has con-
ducted evening extension courses for the community which have at-
tracted scores of farmers and other citizens from a radius of many
miles. The appreciation expressed by those attending our classes is an
added reason for wishing to continue and to expand these activities.
In 1946, The National Farm School will celebrate its Golden
Anniversary. Looking forward to this occasion, and in view of the
foregoing plans for expansion, and improvement, the Board of
Trustees has been making preparations for launching a Golden
Jubilee Fund Campaign for $1,000,000, part of which will go for the
items described above and similar new developments, part for the
rehabilitation of existing properties, and another part toward main-
tenance of the school. Plans for the conduct of this campaign are in
active preparation, but have not yet advanced to the point where
public announcement of details may be made. We feel sure that the
thousands of friends of The National Farm School and others who
are sympathetic with its aims and methods will be glad of this
opportunity to express in a substantial way their appreciation of our
Services to the School
Our school has acquired a standing and a reputation, not only
locally, but throughout the United States, of which any institution
may be proud. No one knows better than we ourselves what are our
shortcomings. However, one is not seriously disturbed by such knowl-
edge if along with that knowledge there goes a feeling that this con-
sciousness of shortcomings is acting as a continual spur to the im-
provement of conditions. Our Board of Trustees, collectively and in-
dividually, are alert to the needs of the school and are giving a
wonderfully fine service out of their busy lives to help in its better-
ment and expansion. The time and attention given to Farm School
affairs by these good men and women are beyond price of purchase.
It is the spirit of this generous service which will insure the continued
success of our undertaking.
We record with deep regret the passing of three of our valuable
board members, Messrs. Harry B. Hirsh, Elias Nusbaum, and Harry
J\lr. Hirsh was among the pioneers in the founding of The
National Farm School. He worked side by side with Dr. Krauskopf
and was always a strong supporter of the school. For a number of
years he served as Vice President of the school and as Chairman of
the Board of Trustees.
Air. Nusbaum was actively associated in the affairs of the school
for a great many years. He not only served as a member of the Board
of Trustees, but for a number of years he gave freely of his time to
come to the school for the purpose of giving instruction to the stu-
dents in Applied Electricity. As Chairman of the important Buildings
and Grounds Committee his practical experience and his technical
advice were of invaluable assistance to the school throughout the
years of his connection with our Board.
Mr. Rubenstein was a graduate of The National Farm School
and was an elected member of the Board of Trustees. He was always
interested in fostering relations between the school and the Alumni
Association. He was closely associated with all those activities which
concerned themselves with the welfare of the students, and in both
of these relationships his fine services will be greatly missed.
We note also with regret, the death of two important members
of our staff. Dr. Wesley Massinger was for almost a generation the
School's veterinarian and instructor in Veterinary Science. He will be
missed by hundreds of students with whom he had professional
Our school physician, Dr. John J. Sweeney, had been officially
connected with the school only since the beginning of the war, but he
was a good neighbor and for many years had been much interested
in all the activities of the school.
Our School Family
There are other elements essential to the welfare and progress
of any institution such as ours. Of primary importance are the
ability, enthusiasm, and fine cooperation of the directors, depart-
ment heads, teachers, and all other members of the staff. This help-
ful participation is a most important factor in the progress of our
Acknowledgments would be wholly incomplete if we failed to
give adequate recognition to the fine contribution of the school's
Alumni. Not merely their generous money gifts, but their enthusiasm
and their encouragement of students, have been sources of much
satisfaction and value to the administration and to the student body.
The Annual Reunions of the Alumni held at the school at the be-
ginning of the summer are always a fine demonstration for the stu-
dents of what the Alumni Association is and what it represents. Their
activities on these occasions are quite as much for the benefit of the
student body as for the personal satisfaction of the members of the
oro-anization. Their presence at the school is always an up-bft lor the
student body. Beside this annual occasion, organized groups ol the
Alumni Association visit the school, promote and participate in stu-
dent rallies, pep meetings, attendance at athletic games, school dances,
and other occasions, serving as a distinct encouragement to the stu-
dents by their presence and their example. In recogmtion of the part
the Alumni plays in the advancement of the schools affairs, the
Association is entitled to designate two of its members as represen-
tatives on the Board of Trustees. In addition to these two, the Board
of Trustees includes in its membership five other graduates of the
school, elected as regular members of the Board. The Alumm mem-
bers are among the most active and most valuable members of the
Board of Trustees.
As indicated above, the pupilage of the school has been greatly
affected by the wartime conditions. I wish, however, to take this
opportunity of recognizing that even though our numbers are de-
creased, and our age and educational requirements for admission have
been reduced, we are very proud of the character, the enthusiasm,
and the loyalty of the students we now have m the school, i hey are
a group of fine young men and we feel that they will be able to
maintain the splendid reputation and traditions of the school. _ _
Notwithstanding our small student body, regular student activi-
ties are carried on with much interest and enthusiasm. Our regular
school athletic teams are continuing as in the past. A definite program
of inter-class athletics has been set up to include every student of the
school. The publication of "The Gleaner", our student magazine, is
continuing, and we have an efficient, even though small student band
as exhibited here today. These are but illustrations of a wide program
of student participation which is either actually under way or in-
cluded in the plans for immediate development.
The Women's Auxiliary Committee of the Board of Trustees
has made a fine contribution to student morale by providing for the
equipment of a new canteen in a basement room of Ulman Hall
dormitory. Much of the work necessary to fit up this room was done
by the students themselves. Although in operation only a few weeks,
this place has already become a rallying point for student activities.
The very life of the Farm School and the plans for expansion
and development of its activities depend on a recognition of the
necessity for a school of this kind. Whether or not we believe that our
country for the next generation is destined to become the "granary
of the world," no one will deny the urgency of maintaining an
adequate food supply produced under the best practical and scientific
methods in order that even our own people may live according to
modern standards of nutrition, a condition which has never been
available to a large percentage of the population. If problems of dis-
tribution and of economic needs were solved, it would be found that
there is no surplus of food production even under the intensified war
production conditions existing today. Even as this report is written,
we get woeful pictures of starvation in countries liberated by the
allied nations, and we have accepted the responsibility of alleviating
this situation. More and more this condition will be found to exist as
we approach the ending of the war. It is not to be assumed that the
United States will be able to carry all the burden of providing food
for the world but it may reasonably be in the picture that our country
will provide the skilled leaders needed to rehabilitate food production
all over the w^orld. It is at this point that The National Farm School
and all other institutions with similar objectives will find one of the
most important outlets for their fields of activity. Not only is there
an urgent necessity that the work of this school be continued and
expanded but there will be found to be an urgency for the creation
of many other institutions like ours, in the United States, and in many
foreign countries as well. We are glad of the opportunity afforded
us to make our small contribution to this important world picture
and we shall continue to feel a distinct pride in our accomplishments
along this line.
Some of the noteworthy accomplishments in connection with our
production departments include the following:
Our wheat harvest this year was particularly fine. x\ll the w^heat
produced was of a new variety and the quality was such as to make it
possible for us to dispose of it as seed wheat at premium prices. The
feed wheat which we required for our own use was purchased by us
at a price very considerably below what we received in the sale of
A young peach orchard, four years old, came into production for
the first time this year. This orchard contains a number of new
varieties propagated by the New Jersey Experiment Station. All the
peaches in this lot were of a particularly fine fiavor and texture. This
should be a valuable asset when these trees have grown into full
In our Dairy Department, we have effected a material reduc-
tion in the size of our milking herd without impairing our milk flow.
This has been accomplished by culling out the poor producing cattle
and replacing them with a few high producers. Our program of herd
improvement has not been completed, but definite progress is being
made. This year for the first time, the school has become a member
of the Dairy Herd Improvement Association. Accurate official records
of production and of costs are kept and a monthly report is made of
all herds participating in the program. We are glad to be able to
report that for the past three consecutive months, The National Farm
School herd has been among the "high herds" of this region. In con-
nection with our dairy herd, we take some pride in the fact that we
have purchased this year, an outstanding proven Holstein bull. Sir
Jewel Ormsby Duke. The possession of this animal would be a val-
uable asset to any dairy herd.
We have started on a program of large scale development of our
nursery stock. The program thus begun will be in time, not only a
commercial asset to the school, but will also provide a better back-
ground for our instruction work in landscaping.
In our poultry department, we have constructed a concrete-block
egg storage room with provision for proper humidification. This room
will enable us to maintain the high quality of our eggs between the
time of gathering and the time of shipment, and will actually increase
the sale value of the eggs. Appended to this report will be found
excerpts from reports of our several department heads which will
provide a somewhat more intimate acquaintance with the activities
of the school. We trust that all present will be able to read the
completed report when put into printed form.
Excerpts from Department Reports
Agronomy and Agriclltlral Engineering
"'Our efforts are directed mainly at giving e\ery part of our
farms equal care. This should eventually produce the best results in
crop returns. This care includes consiste^it crop rotation and proper
utilization of animal and green manures.
"We have drastically cut the amount of work done with horses.
Shortage of student help has forced us to use motor tractors and
trucks for all of our hauling and field work.
"The crops we produce are for two main purposes, first, to
supply fodder and bedding to all of our stock, and some supple-
mental feed and, second, to produce some cash income.
"We are gradually improving certain areas of the farms by
reclaiming land. This involves removal of stumps and stones and
roadside trees. The work necessarily is not progressing rapidly,
again due to the lack of help.
"We had a fine crop of wheat, all of which was sold as seed
wheat, at a premium price.
"Our field crops, like all others in this vicinity, suffered from the
prolonged summer drought, which greatly reduced our production."
Dairying and Ani:mal Husbandry
"The past year is notable for the marked reduction in the size of
our dairy herd. By the culling out of poor producers and other non-
profitable cattle almost 40 percent reduction has resulted. A few
high-producing cows have been added with the result that our neces-
sary milk flow is maintained with a much smaller herd, thus reducing
labor and feed expense.
"As one of the moves in the reduction of number of cattle we
have disposed of our entire Jersey herd.
"During the year the school has joined the Dairy Herd Improve-
ment Association. This organization makes monthly tests of all herds
in the association, and its official records give an accurate picture of
production and costs, not only for the herd as a whole but also for
each individual cow. We are glad to be able to report that the record
of The National Farm School herd is comparable with that of the
best of the 107 herds in the testing area in which we are located.
"The school has recently acquired a famous Holstein proven
bull, Sir Jewel Ormsby Duke. The possession of this bull is a matter
of pride as well as of distinct advantage in the up-grading of our
Pomology and \'egetable Gardening
"Our yield of fruits and vegetables was drastically reduced
because of the prolonged drought this summer. Many vegetables
failed to mature. Fruits were small because of lack of moisture. This
year's experience forcefully demonstrated the need of some system
of irrigation, particularly for vegetables and small fruits.
"A new peach orchard came into production for the first time.
The orchard consists of four-year-old trees of several new varieties
propagated experimentally by the Xew Jersey Experiment Station.
These new varieties all possess high color and fine flavor and texture.
Among these new peaches are Triogem, Xew Day, Sun High, and
Red Rose. Ours were probably the first of these peaches ever har-
vested in Pennsylvania."
"The department has introduced new varieties of plant material
and has improved its methods of production, following lines pursued
bv large commercial growers.
■'The greenhouses have produced for the market large quantities
of chrysanthemums, carnations, snapdragons, stock, calla lilies, mari-
golds, freesias, peonies, and geraniums, in addition to large numbers
of vegetable plants.
"I'his \car tlic department resumed the propagation of a large
amount of nursery stock including particularly azaleas and yews.
With the post-war resumption of building operations there will be a
great demand for this type of landscaping material. Our look forward
contemplates not only large scale production of desired shrubbery
but also the training of bo)'s to become competent to handle tliese
''The campus grounds have been kept in tiie usual way, and the
lawns, in spite of the prolonged drought, have recovered remarkably
well after the September rains."
"During the past summer the department was confronted with
an epidemic of fowl cholera of localized respiratory and ocular type.
The situation was met radically. 1 he entire flock of yearlings and
hens was sold off in late June. The poultry laying houses were
cleaned, hosed down, and disinfected by the State. So far no signs of
this disease have again appeared. The entire flock is in fine healthy
"The egg room has been removed from the basement of the
Alumni Building and moved into new quarters in the big laying
house. Here the work of cleaning, sorting, and packing eggs is done
in daylight under sanitary conditions. A new egg-storage room has
been constructed of concrete block, with proper rat-proofing and pro-
vision for humidification. This helps to maintain the high quality of
freshly-laid eggs and actually increases their commercial value. It is
also of educational value in its demonstration of modern methods of
"Efficiency of the department has been otherwise increased by
improving the water system at both the old and the new brooder and
at the colony houses."
"The year's activities have been maintained at their usual high
standard. Much of the food consumed in our dining room is the
product of the boys' efforts in the several production departments,
and thus helps to point the educational value of their practical work.
"During the summer the school installed a new matron, who has
already shown her ability to handle her problems with efficiency and
grace. The kitchen staff, headed by two competent chefs, are con-
tinuing to render fine service, in clean, sanitary surroundings.
"Students take regular turns as waiters, and thus acquire addi-
tional training in being helpful to each other.
"In spite of constantly rising prices of commodities, and scarcity
of various essential foods the meals have been kept up to their usual
high standard both as to quality and quantity. Foresight in the pur-
chase of important items has made it possible to keep pace with the
times without imposing a corresponding increase in operating costs."
"The students enrolled at The National Farm School represent
a cross section of any community where the lessons of loyalty and
'give and take' can yield the greatest returns for a healthy, progres-
sive, and happy unity.
"With this goal as an objective the school provides numerous
activities including glee club and band supervised by a musical
instructor; clubs — forum, Varsity Club and agricultural groups
where the interest is sufficient to warrant their establishment. A
recreation room is available for ping-pong and pool. A new canteen
provides a gathering place, for purchase of refreshments and the
enjoyment of music from a free juke box. For relaxation during the
summer months, weekly feature motion pictures were shown. Several
week-end dances are held throughout the year. Non-sectarian chapel
services during the school year provide the spiritual background for
the students. Ministers and laymen address the group at each of
■'Recently, organized and planned intramural sports have been
inaugurated for the benefit of all students who do not play on the
major athletic teams.
"Cooperation of the student body in making and enforcing
school regulations plays a large part in student character building."
"The school's polic)' of providing for a regular program of school
athletics recognizes not only the value of such a program for a well-
balanced training, but also it provides interest in well-developed
hobbies. The value of organized recreation is recognized as being
essential to youth and adults as well. Such a program contributes
\"itally to the health and physique of the students, and also arouses a
healthy spirit of competition which is normal in growing boys.
"School athletics also are a valuable asset in developing enthu-
siasm among the student body, and in fostering a spirit of solidarity
in the school, including not only students but also faculty and all
"Although our student body has been small we have maintained
through the year our school teams in the three major sports — foot-
ball, basketball and baseball, and we have made creditable records
in all. Our football team has not been defeated in three years.
"Interest of the entire student body is developed and maintained
through the planned inter-class games. These not only afford an
opportunity for students to develop their skills and to overcome shy-
ness and self-consciousness, but they also serve as preparation for
those who will later join the squad of the 'varsity' team.
"These activities are made to include all students of the school.
"It is the policy of the school to schedule as many Inter-school
games as possible 'at home.' This enables the entire student body
to be present whereas games played away from home can be attended
by only the playing squad. Our conditions are such that we need to
provide as many recreational diversions as we can for the whole
group. This policy helps to develop student morale and it provides
needed breaks in what might become a somewhat monotonous hfe
"Bringing teams to the school to play is a matter of considerable
expense to us since we must not only compensate all officials but we
must also provide guarantees for expenses of visiting teams. Adding
these expenses to the high cost of equipment for major sports our
athletic program is costly to the school, but we believe we could not
afford to eliminate these activities."
t^^-J/X^ w\ ||
HARVEST FESTIVAL AND
FORTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL MEETING
October 1, 1944
The Harvest Festival and Forty-Seventh Annual Meeting of The
National Farm School was held in the Louchheim Auditorium on the
School campus on Sunday, October 1, 1944.
The principal speaker was Dr. Alexander J. Stoddard, Superin-
tendent of the Public Schools of Philadelphia. Leon Merz, Chairman of
the Board of Trustees, presided. Special features of the program were
the tribute to the Founder and the Tree Dedication ceremonies which
were performed by Reverend Mortimer J. Cohen, Rabbi of Beth Sholom
Congregation, Philadelphia. Tree dedications included four trees named
in memory of the late Harry B. Hirsh, Honorary Chairman of the
Board of Trustees, and special dedications to the late Elias Nusbaum,
Chairman of the Buildings and Grounds Comniittee, and to Harry H.
Rubenstein, one of the younger Trustees and a graduate of the School.
A report of the year's activities was submitted by the President of
the School, Dr. Louis Nusbaum. (The report is published in full on
pages 7 to 23.) Reverend Frank Damrosch, Jr., Rector of St. Paul's
Episcopal Church, Doylestown, Pa., gave the invocation. Raymond J.
Solomon, President of the Senior Class, was the student representative
on the program.
Farm products exhibits, comprising both competitive and educa-
tional entries, and including fruits, vegetables, farm animals, animal
products, flowers, landscape designs, soils and scientific displays, were
erected in the auditorium. Awards for exhibits were announced by Mr.
David M. Purmell, Chairman of the Faculty Committee on Exhibits.
The report of the Nominating Committee was presented by Edwin
H. Silverman, Chairman of the Nominating Committee. The following
Trustees who had completed ten years of service were elected to Hon-
orary Board Membership: Sydney K. Allman, Jr., J. Griffith Boardman,
S. S. Greenbaum, Lester Hano, Al Paul Lefton, and Emanuel W.
The following Trustees whose terms had expired were re-elected
for a term of three years: Sylvan D. Einstein, Kevy K. Kaiserman, Mrs.
AL J. Karpeles, David H. Fleet, Matthew B. Rudofker, Israel Stiefel,
Aiax Trumper, and Sydney L. Wright.
The following were elected to unexpired terms:
Term ending September 1945: Albert AL Greenfield, Sydney J.
A/Jarkovitz and William H. Yerkes, Jr.
Term ending September 1946: ^^'illiam AL Adler and Edward
Term ending September 1947: David Levin, A-Iaurice L. Strauss
and Alorris R. Blackman.
Tree Dedications were made in the names of the following persons:
Rachel Steinberg, Augusta, Ga.
Helen May and Alfred Zirken, Springfield, Mass.
Emma Pauline Hoegger Shankland, Atlantic City, N. J.
Harry H. Rubenstein, Camden, N. J.
Henry M. Rich, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mrs. Julian M. Livingston, New Rochelle, N. Y.
Louise B. T. Hirsh and Morton B. Hirsh, New York, N. Y.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Meyer Schwab, Cincinnati, 0.
Wilfrid H. Jones, Colwyn, Pa.
Isak Julius Bauer, Elkins Park, Pa.
Lillian Abrahamson Bonsall, Amelia H. Blumenthal, Flora Ancker Frankel,
Lina Gottlieb, Abraham Moses Helbein, Florence G. Hinlein, Herman L.
Hinlein, Harry B. Hirsh, Augusta Karpeles, Gerson Lefkowith, Dorothy
Makransky, Elias Nusbaum, Joseph A. Orliner, Amelia Tower Putnam,
Jennie Rosenthal, Arthur A. Strouse, Frederick Carl Tillberg, and
Harry Weinreich, Philadelphia, Pa.
A. Roy Robson, West Chester, Pa.
Dora Abrams, Hearne, Tex.
The Officers and the Board of Trustees of The National
Farm School at their meeting held on Thursday, September 21,
1944, noted with sincere regret the passing away in his eightieth
year on July 16, 1944, of
HARRY B. HIRSH
a valiant leader, a great benefactor and a beloved associate.
From its beginning in 1896, he was ever associated with the
School, loyally supporting the Founder, Joseph Krauskopf,
helping with his keen analytical mind to solve its problems and
exemplifying to his associates the ultimate in character and in-
tegrity. As a Trustee, Vice-President, and Chairman of the
Board, he zealously contributed his business talents, wise coun-
sel and inspiring leadership.
We lament the loss of the last of the Founders of the School
and extend our sincere sympathy to his family.
RESOLVED, that these sentiments be spread upon the
record of the School, that an engrossed copy be sent to his be-
loved wife and family, and that a tree be planted on the School
campus consecrated to his memory.
Joseph H. Hinlein
Louis A. Hirsch
Manfred R. Krauskopf
Isidore Baylson, Chairman
The Officers and the Board of Trustees of The National
Vavm School at their meeting held on Thursday, October 19,
ltj44^ noted with sincere regret the death on September 18,
HARRY H. RUBENSTEIN
one of our younger Trustees and a graduate of the School. He
was intensely and enthusiastically interested in presentmg to
the Board the viewpoint of the Alumni and of the student body,
and his friendly recommendations were extremely helpful to the
administrators of the School.
We regret the loss of a member of our Board and extend
our sincere sympathy to his family and to his fellow graduates
among the Alumni.
RESOLVED, that these sentiments be spread upon the
records of the School, that an engrossed copy be sent to his be-
loved wife and family, and that a tree be planted on the School
campus consecrated to his memory.
Sylvan D. Einstein
Manfred R. Krauskopf
Fred M. Weigle
James Work, Chairman
FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES
March 25, 1945
The 1945 Commencement Exercises of The Xational Farm School,
held in the Louchheim Auditorium on Sunday afternoon, March 25,
1945, again witnessed the graduation of a class small in number. Because
students of The National Farm School, like those of other similar schools
and colleges, come within the age of the selective service draft and enlist-
ments, only six students of the Senior Class remained to receive the
diploma of the School.
Joseph B. Shane, Dean of George School, delivered the graduation
address. The valedictory address was made by Josiah Remsburg. The
salutatorian was Raymond J. Solomon who as President of the Gradu-
ating Class, also "handed down the hoe" to the President of the incom-
ing Senior Class.
Maurice Jacobs, Vice President of the School, took charge of the
exercises and awarded the diplomas, substituting for the President, Dr.
Xusbaum, who w^as prevented from attending because of illness. Air.
Jacobs read to the Graduating Class the following message which Dr.
Xusbaum had sent to them:
"You cannot possibly know how deeply I regret my
inability to be with you on this occasion of your gradua-
tion from The National Farm School. I have looked for-
ward as eagerly as you have to this event.
"Your class has faced a peculiarly difficult problem.
You, Ray and Joe and Lee, you, Al and Ralph and Irv,
had to make difficult decisions because of the big task
facing you at the beginning of your senior year and the
small number of you left to carry out that task. You did
the heroic thing, and because you did, you have main-
tained, unbroken, a line of traditions in The National
Farm School which will always stand as a monument to
the extra efforts you have put into your senior year. I feel
that the things you have done will bind you even closer to
the school and I should like you to feel that you may
always come back to us for any kind of help we may be
able to give. We want you to come back not only for help
but also because we shall be glad to see you at any time
possible. You go out with m}^ sincere personal wishes for
The complete prot^nani of exercises was as follows:
Entrance Senior Class
Invocation Meir Lasker, Rabbi Temple Judea, Philadelphia
Welcome Maurice Jacobs, Vice President
Salutatory Raymond J. Solomon
Address Joseph B. Shane
Dean, George School, Geo)ge School, Pa.
Selection by Student Band Earl J. Frick, Director
Valedictory Josiah C. Remsburg
Passing of the Hoe
Farewell Message Walter J. Groman, Representing the Faculty
Awarding OF Prizes Irwin Klein, Director Student Relations
Introduction of Graduates W. 0. Strong, Dean of Agriculture
Presentation OF Diplomas Maurice Jacobs, Vice-President and
Chairman Educational Committee of Board of Trustees
Animal Husbandry and General Agriculture
josiah C. remsburg Philadelphia, Pa.
RALPH MORITZ Yonkers, N. Y.
RAYMOND J. SOLOMON Bronx, N. Y.
LEE CEDAR BERNSTEIN Bronx, N. Y.
ALVIN I. DANENBERG Evansville, Ind.
IRVING HANDLESMAN Brooklyn, N. Y'.
Best General Record Through Three- Year Course:
First Prize Josiah C. Remsburg
Second Prize . Raymond J. Solomon
For Outstanding School Citizenship Alvin I. Danenberg
Ornamental Horticulture Prizes — Most Capable and Efficient Senior
in Landscaping Ralph Moritz
in Floriculture Raymond J. Solomon
Poultry Husbandry Prize — Most Capable and Efficient Senior
in Poultry Work Alvin I. Danenberg
A number of other prizes are distributed more informally in student
The Alumni Association of The National Farm School held its
Annual Reunion and business sessions at the School on Saturday and
Sunda\', June 30 and July 1. The theme of all of the sessions was how
the alumni as a body and as indi\'iduals could best further the progress
of their Alma Mater. Plans were also discussed how the alumni could be
of service to members who may be in need of agricultural aid in one
form or another as they return to civilian life from military service.
Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows:
President Dr. Sol Shapero
First Vice-President Kenneth B. Mayer
Second Vice-President Benjamin Gartner
Third Vice-President Paul Hanchrow
Secretary and Treasurer Samuel B. Samuels
Steward of Alumni House Irwin Klein
The Annual Meeting of The National Farm School Alumni Foun-
dation was held on July 1. This foundation administers a fund contri-
buted by the Alumni, which now totals more than ^8000. The purpose
of the fund is to make available certain sums for needs pertaining to the
welfare of the Alumni Association, the School or any of the alumni for
The following officers were elected for 1944-45:
President Samuel Golden
\'ice-President Samuel Billig
Treasurer • Alex Burchuk
Secretary Samuel B. Samuels
AN OUTLINE OF ITS HISTORY
By Irwin Klein
Director of Student Relations
The National Farm School is an agricultural institution founded in
1896 by the late Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf. Concerned with the problems
of the overcrowded cities, he decided to offer underprivileged, agricul-
turally - minded boys an opportunity to live a clean, healthful and
independent life by learning how to work the land practically and
The School is located about 30 miles from Philadelphia, near
Doylestown, Pennsylvania, on Route 202 between New York and Wash-
ington in the rich agricultural Bucks County. It has its own railroad
station on the Reading Railroad and its own post office, Farm School.
Although the School is non-sectarian and is open to any deserving
youth wishing to train for a career in agriculture, most of its support
comes from the Jewish communities of the country and a large per-
centage of its pupilage consists of Jewish boys. The record of the
School's graduates shows that 60 percent of the graduates remain in
agriculture or in some allied service. This is a record probably un-
matched by any professional or other technical institution and makes
The National Farm School stand out as one of the very few institutions
whose results actually refute the anti-Semitic charge so often made that
Jews are consumers, but not producers.
Graduates of the School are engaged in varied occupations of agri-
culture, as farm owners and managers, county agents, bee culturists.
farm machinery mechanics, agricultural publishers, dairymen, vegetable
growers, orchardists, landscape gardeners, salesmen and dealers in farm
products or supplies, veterinarians, agricultural teachers in high schools
and colleges, agricultural technicians, park managers and foremen.
An interview of the prospective applicant at the School is required
of those living within a radius of one hundred miles. For those living at
greater distances arrangements for interviews are made with selected
alumni ^^■i^o reside in \'arious parts of the country. The applicant is re-
quired to supply data including a physician's statement of physical fit-
ness, previous schooling, transcript of high school record and a statement
of his purpose in wishing to enter The National Farm School.
There are no charges for tuition. An incidental fee of $150 a year
MJiich co\-ers matriculation, athletics, social activities, and books, is
required of all students. Families whose incomes permit, are required to
pay all or part of the cost of maintenance calculated at actual cost to the
school. In exceptional cases students may be accepted on payment of
the incidental fees only.
In some instances, community or philanthropic organizations, or
individuals sponsor students. Many worthy boys interested in agri-
culture have secured an excellent and inexpensive education at this
School through the farsightedness of private benefactors.
The School has also made its facilities available in the retraining
and rehabilitation of returned servicemen for whom some form of farm
life is indicated as a future career. After World War I, The National
Farm School rendered valuable service in this field and has also given
similar service to victims of industrial casualties.
The regular course of training requires three years. The school year
begins the latter part of March and continues throughout the twelve
months. The program of instruction is laid out to give the student a
thorough training in practical work and scientific classroom study.
To orient city boys to farm life and provide seasonal experience,
first and second year students attend classes each morning and do super-
vised practice field work in the afternoon. Third year students work in
their respective departments the entire day from the end of March until
November when they return to the classroom until graduation the
No classes are held during July and August. These months are
devoted to supervised practice in the fields.
Most phases of agriculture are taught, the School comprising six
departments: Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering, Dairying and
Animal Husbandry, Fruit Growing and Vegetable Gardening, Land-
scape Gardening, Greenhouse, and Poultry Husbandry.
During the first two years students are rotated every three weeks
in these departments. In the third year each student selects one depart-
ment in which to specialize and in which he spends most of his time.
With this arrangement, a graduate of The National Farm School will
have a fundamental knowledge of most phases of agriculture, and a
specialized training and experience in one chosen field and can readily
adapt himself to any of several fields of agriculture.
Classroom subjects include English, Library Practice, Agricultural
Alathematics, Botany, Chemistry, Zoology, Beekeeping, Entomolog)',
Plant Pathology, Feeds and Feeding, Rural Sociology, and the technical
aspects of the content subjects of the various departments.
Graduates who desire to pursue advanced study in agriculture at
colleges receive credit for certain subjects completed at The National
Farm School. The amount of credit varies with the college and with ihe
subjects previously covered in high school.
Athletics, in the major sports of football, basketball and baseball,
play a prominent part in the life of the School. Students are encouraged
to participate, also, in interclass events. Tradition built up during the
forty-eight years of the School's existence adds greatly to the School's
lore and student spirit.
Students are allowed twenty-eight days vacation during any twelve
months, in addition to one week-end each month.
Xon-sectarian chapel services are held every Friday evening. Once
a week a general assembly is held at which educational motion pictures,
speakers on agricultural subjects, and musical selections and dramatic
skits by students are presented. At frequent intervals students partici-
pate in school dances, entertainments, public functions, and in summer,
A band under the direction of a professional instructor adds to the
general school spirit and to the development of the individual student's
Alany persons inquire, "What of the future of agriculture.'" The
opportunities are almost unlimited for those properly prepared. Briefly,
these opportunities can be subdivided into three occupational groups
(1) Productive Farming, actual farm work, the raising of crops and
animals for food (2) Agricultural Services, salesmen of feeds, seeds and
implements, technicians, produce inspectors, etc., (3) Educational Pur-
suits, teachers, county agents, etc.
Environment factors and individual personalities will determine
which occupation to follow. Regardless of the choice, a background of
practical experience and scientific training as provided by The National
Farm School, will insure a sound foundation for a successful agricultural
Although many of the School's studies are on a post high school
level. The National Farm School makes no claim of competition with
colleges. Agricultural colleges are designed primarily to train students
who have had a background of agricultural environment or training to
expand their fundamental knowledge, theoretically and economically.
On the other hand. The National Farm School is primarily designed to
give a basic farming background to city-bred boys and the experience
of nearly a half-century demonstrates that this can be done successfully..
The National Far.m School
herebv expresses sincere appreciation to
generous friends whose contributions made
possible the publication of this Annual
Report without cost to the School.
THE XATIOXAL FARM SCHOOL pro-
gram of tree dedications makes it possible for
those who wish to commemorate a joj^ous occa-
sion or to pay lasting tribute to a departed one,
to do so through the dedication of living, grow-
ing trees. Trees can symbolize as no other
memorial, expressions of joys and sorrows and
keep fresh the memory of those persons and
occasions we wish to remember.
The National Farm School has established for such purposes
A Patriots Grove — to honor those who have made the supreme
sacrifice or have otherwise served or are
serving in the armed forces of our country.
A Festive Grove — to commemorate births, birthdays, confir-
mations, graduations, betrothals, weddings
and other occasions and aniversaries.
A J\Ie]\iorial Grove — to memorialize the departed.
The names of those persons for whom dedications are made will be
inscribed on a suitable plaque at the entrance to the groves.
Contributors will appreciate this fine means of sharing festive occa-
sions or of expressing sympathy while at the same time, enjoying the
satisfaction of helping a worthy institution. Contributions ranging from
$\Q to $100 and over are acceptable for this purpose.
The form below may be used in sending in requests.
THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL
FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY
Enclosed is contribution of $ , for which inscribe
The Name of
City and State
Event Date of Event
Patriots Grove □
Festive Grove n
Memorial Grove □
Please send acknowledgment to:
Name of Contributor
THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL
FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY
Membership of The National Farm School
I, the undersigned, being in sympathy with the object of The National
Farm School — the training of youth in the science and practice of agri-
culture — do hereby agree to subscribe as one of the maintainers of the
institution the sum of dollars annually.
. . SlOO
. . 25
Member . . .
Supporter . .
Make checks payable to The National Farm School
Form of Legacy to The National Farm School
"/ give and bequeath tntto The National Farm School, Bucks County,
Pa., near Doylestowii, the sum of dolhns
free from all taxes to be paid to the Treasurer, for the time being, for the
use of the institution."
Form of Devise
ON REAL ESTATE OR GROUND RENT
"/ give and devise unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa.,
near Doylestown (here describe the property oi- ground rent), together with
the appuitenances, in fee simple, and all policies of insurance covering said
]))-emises, ivhether fire, title or otherwise, free fro)n all taxes."
A donation or bequest of $10,000.00 will found a perpetual scholarship,
the income from which will go toward maintaining one student each year;
such scholarship may bear the name of the donor or such names as the donor
may designate. A donation of $900.00 will provide instruction, board and
room of a student for one year (a twelve-month term) ; $2,700.00, for three
years (thirty-six months) to graduation.
Gifts to The National Farm School in Cash, War Bonds and
War Savings Stamps Are Allowable Income Tax Deductions
THIS MAP SHOWS LOCATION OF SCHOOL AND HOW IT MAY BE
REACHED BY AUTOMOBILE AND TRAIN
(Readhzg Railroad trains, operating hetiveen Philadelphia and Doylestmvn, stop
at Farm School station, directly on the grounds of the bchool.)