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Full text of "Forty-seventh Annual Report of The National Farm School 1944-1945"

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FORTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT 
OF 

THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 



RECEIVED 

^AN 17 1957 
OFFrCF 



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A School or Scientific and Practical Agriculture 
Supported Largely by Voluntary Contributions 



Specializes in Training City Boys for Careers 
IN Agriculture 



Open to Boys of All Creeds from All Sections of 
THE L'nited States 



FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY 
PENNSYLVANIA 

1944- 1945 




Joseph Krauskopf 
Founder 



OFFICERS AND BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Louis Nusbaum, President 

Louis A. Hirsch, Vice-President 

Maurice Jacobs, Second Vice-President 

James Work, Treasurer 

Bernard Weinberg, Assistant Treasurer 

Elsie M. Belfield, Secretary 



Joseph H. Hagedorn, Honorary Chairman Board of Trustees 
Leon Merz, Chairman Board of Trustees 



Sydney K. Allman, Jr. 
Isidore Baylson 
J. Griffith Boardman 
David Burpee 
Harry Burstein 
Horace Fleisher 
S. S. Greenbaum 
Jos. H. Hagedorn 
Lester Hano 



HONORARY TRUSTEES 
Roy a. Heymann 
Julian A. Hillman 
Jos. H. Hinlein 
Stanley H. Hinlein 
Louis A. Hirsch 
Maurice Jacobs 
Chas. Kline 
Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf 
M. R. Krauskopf 



Al. Paul Lefton 
Leon Merz 
Louis Nusbaum 
Leon Rosenbaum 
Edwin H. Silverman 
Philip Sterling 
Isaac Stern 
Emanuel Wirkman 
James Work 



William M. Adler 
Gustave C. Ballenberg 
Morris R. Blackman 
Samuel Cooke 
Gabriel Davidson 
Sylvan D. Einstein 
Edwin B. Elson 
Benjamin Goldberg 
Lester M. Goldsmith 
Albert M. Greenfield 
W. A. Haines, Sr. 



ELECTED TRUSTEES 
Kevy K. Kaiserman 
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles 
A. Spencer Kaufman 
David Levin 
Albert A. Light 
Sydney J. Markovitz 
David H. Pleet 
Theo. G. Rich 
Lee I. Robinson 
Edward Rosewater 
Matthew B. Rudofker 



Max Semel 
Harry Shapiro 
Nathan J. Snellenburg 
Israel Stiefel 
M. L. Strauss 
Max Trumper 
Fred H. Weigle 
Edwin H. Weil 
Bernard Weinberg 
Sydney L. Wright 
William H. Yerkes, Jr. 



ALUMNI REPRESENTATIVES 
Samuel S. Rudley Sol. Shapera 



WOMEN'S AUXILIARY COMMITTEE 

Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf, Chairman Mrs. A. Marks, Treasurer 



Mrs. a. J. Bamberger 
Mrs. Henry S. Belber 
Mrs. D. T. Berlizheimer 
Mrs. Leon Cohen 
Mrs. Louis Finkel 
Miss Belle Floersheim 
Mrs. Sol Flock 



Mrs. Henry Gartman 
Mrs. Samuel Colder 
Mrs. a. M. Greenfield 
Mrs. Hiram Hirsch 
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles 
Mrs. a. M. Klein 



Mrs. M. R. Krauskopf 
Mrs. Sidney Lowenstein 
Mrs. Theo. Netter 
Mrs. Abr. A. Neuman 
Mrs. Wm. Fleet 
Mrs. Maurice E. Stern 



NATIONAL BOARD OF STATE DIRECTORS 



ISAAC STERN. New York City, Acting Chairman 



Edmund H. Abrahams, Savannah, Ga. 

B. Abrohams, Green Bay, Wis. 

Sam Albrecht, VicksburK. Miss. 

Henry A. Alexander, Atlanta, Ga. 

Arthur A. Aronson, Raleitrh, N. C. 

Marcus Bachenheimer, Wheeling, W. Va. 

Melvin Behrends, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Henry J. Berkowitz, Portland, Ore. 

I. W. Bernheim, Denver, Col. 

W. P. Bloom, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

R. D. Blum, Nashville, Tenn. 

S. B. Brunwasser, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Edgar M. Cahn, New Orleans, La. 

Gabriel M. Cohen. Indianapolis, Ind. 

Julius L. Cohen, Superior, Wis. 

Louis Cohen, Ft. Smith, Ark. 

Miss Felice Cohn, Reno, Nev. 

Herman Cone, Greensboro, N. C. 

Allen V. deFord, Washington, D. C. 

Max de Jong, Evansville, Ind. 

Nathan Eckstein, Seattle, Wash. 

Samuel Edelberg, Saranac Lake. N. Y. 

Herbert U. Feibelman, Miami, Fla. 

Rabbi J. B. Feibelman, New Orleans, La. 

Rabbi A. J. Feldman, Hartford, Conn. 

Stanley Frank, San Antonio, Tex. 

Ike L. Freed, Houston, Tex. 

Max Friedwald, Billings, Mont. 

Louis M. Fushan, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Judge Edward I. Gleszer, Bangor, Me. 

Milton D. Greenbaum, Baltimore, Md. 

N. Greengard, Mandan, N. D. 

Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg, New York, N. Y. 

Judge Samuel J. Harris, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Hugo Heiman, Little Rock, Ark. 

Harry Hirsch, Toledo, O. 

Wm. L. Holzman, Beverly Hills, Cal. 

Robt. W. Isaacs, Clayton, N. M. 

Carl H. Kahn, Chicago, 111. 

Thos. Kapner, Bellaire, O. 

Edmund I. Kaufmann, Washington, D. C. 

Howard Kayser, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Daniel E. Koshland, San Francisco, Cal. 

Rabbi Isaac Landman, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

G. Irving Latz, Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Isidore Lehman, Jackson, Miss. 

Jos. G. Lehman, Dayton, O. 

Bernard' Levitt, Wichita, Kan. 

Dan A. Levy, Fort Worth, Tex. 

Dr. I. H. Levy, Syracuse, N. Y. 

M. Lipinsky, Asheville, N. C. 

Alex. Lischkoff, Pensacola, Fla. 



J. H. Loveman. Birmingham, Ala. 

A. L. Luria, Reading, Pa. 

H. A. MackoflF, Dickinson, N. D. 

Herbert Marcus, Dallas, Tex. 

Ben. H. May, Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Isaac May, Rome, Ga. 

Jewell Mayes, Richmond, Mo. 

Sam Meyer, Meridian, Miss. 

William Meyer, Butte, Mont. 

M. G. Michael. Athens, Ga. 

Abe Miller, Chicago, 111. 

Louis Mosenfelder, Rock Island, 111. 

Herbert A. Moses, Sumter, S. C. 

N. Murov, Shreveport, La. 

Chas. Nussbaum, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Michael Panovitz, Grand Forks, N. D. 

Judge Max L. Pinansky, Portland, Me. 

Myron Porges, Pocatello, Idaho 

James A. Pratt, Loch Raven, Md. 

Chas. S. Rauh, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Hiram S. Rivitz. Cleveland, O. 

Alex Rosen, Bismarck, N. D. 

Bernath Rosenfeld, Tucson, Ariz. 

Arthur Rosenstein, Boston, Mass. 

Emil Rosentock, Sioux City, la. 

Dr. Henry Ross, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dr. Leo S. Rowe, Washington, D. C. 

Samuel Rudley, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Oliver R. Sabin, New York, N. Y. 

Henry Sachs, Colorado Springs, Col. 

Judge S. B. Schein, Madison, Wis. 

Charles Schoen, Cedar Rapids, la. 

Dr. Laurence Selling, Portland, Ore. 

Max Semel, New York, N. Y. 

David Snellenburg, Wilmington, Del. 

Samuel Stern, Fargo, N. D. 

Edward Stiles, Montpelier, Vt. 

Bertram A. Stroock. Jackson Heights, N.Y. 

Milton Sulzberger, Providence, R. I. 

Louis Tober, Portsmouth, N. H. 

Louis Veta, Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Jerome A. Waterman, Tampa, Fla. 

Adolph Weil, Paducah, Ky. 

Isadore Weil, Montgomery, Ala. 

Herschel Weil, Lexington, Ky. 

Lionel Weil, Goldsboro, N. C. 

Morris Weil, Lincoln, Neb. 

Leo Weinberg, Frederick, Md. 

Henry Weinberger, San Diego, Cal. 

M. J. Weiss, Alexandria, La. 

S. D. Wise, Cleveland, O. 



NEW YORK COMMITTEE OF SPONSORS 



ISAAC STERN, Chairman 



Belmont Corn 

Hon. Abram I. Elkus 

Milton Erlanger 

Sidney C. Erlanger 

Sydney B. Erlanger 

Howard S. Gans 

Mrs. Paul Gottheil 

Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg 

Moss Hart 

Siegfried F. Hartman 

Miss Florence Henry 

Leo H. Hirsch 

Dr. Herbert M. Kaufmann 

Mrs. Otto V. Kohnstamm 



Daniel L. Korn 

Arthur M. Kuhn 

Dr. Isaac Landman 

Herbert H. Lehman 

Mrs. Harry F. Louchheim 

Jesse J. Ludwig 

Otto Marx 

James Marshall 

Alfred I. Mendelsohn 

Moses Newborg 

Siegfried Peierls 

David Piatt 

Mrs. Sigmund Pollitzer 

Dr. Henry Reiss 



Louis P. Rocker 
William Rosenthal 
Louis F. Rothschild 
Bernard J. Rose 
Oliver Sabin 
Charles Sonfield 
Mrs. William Stern 
Mrs. Samuel Stiefel 
Joseph Stroock 
Louis Tekulsky 
Lucien Uhry 
Mrs. Leon L. Watters 
Dr. Stephen S. Wise 
Alfred Yankauer 




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FACULTY 

Louis Nusbaum, B.S., Ped.D. (Temple University), President 

Samuel B. Samuels, B.Sc. (Massachusetts State College), Business Mana- 
ger, Director of Domestic Department, Director of Athletics; Rural 
Sociology 

Irwin Klein, B.Sc, M.Sc. (Ohio State University), Director of Student 
Relations; English 

Isidore Baylson, LL.B. (University of Pennsylvania) ; Fcnm Law. 

Redding H. Rufe, M.D. (University of Minnesota), Physician; Applied 
Hygiene 

Walter J. Groman (The National Farm School), Head of Department of 
Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering; General Agriculture and 
Farm Machinery 

Leonard Rose (The National Farm School), Assistant in Agronomy; Field 
Crops 

David M. Purmell, B.Sc. (Michigan State College), Head of Department 
of Pomology and Vegetable Gardening; Pomology, Vegetable Pro- 
duction, Plant Breeding 

Solomon Leon Soskin (The National Farm School), Assistant in Pomology 
and Vegetable Gardening 

Herman G. Fiesser (Gartenbauschule, Geisenheim, Germany), Head of 
Department of Ornamental Horticulture; Landscaping 

W. A. Haines, D.V. M. (University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary 
Medicine), Head of Department of Animal Science, School Veteri- 
narian; Animal Science 

Henry Schmieder, B.Sc, M.Sc (University of Pennsylvania), Head of 
Department of General Science; Sciences, Apiculture 

OTHER STAFF MEMBERS AND AGRICULTURAL SERVICE STAFF 

Jean Wright, Matron 

Norman G. Myers, School Mechanic; Farm Mechanics, Farm Carpentry 

William J. Wilkinson 

Charles Mashtaler 

Assistants in Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering 

Joshua Feldstein 

Daniel Miller 

Assistants in Pomology and Vegetable Gardening 

Abraham Rellis, Assistant in Ornamental Horticulture 

Paul Fickes, Herdsman 

Herman Stoever 

LeRoy M. Landis 

Assistants in Dairying and Animal Husbandry 

Raymond R. Rice, Assistant in Poultry Husbandry 

Irwin A. Kulp 

Roy J. Zeiher 

General Farm Assistants 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT 
LOUIS NUSBAUM 

October 1, 1944 

Tliis Annual Report of The National Farm School is presented 
at a time and under conditions which are most unusual and which we 
all hope will never again exist so long as we or our children, or our 
children's children may be able to congregate for future meetings 
at this school. 

The school has passed through a somewhat difficult year, due 
largely to war conditions. Practically all students of the upper classes 
either enlisted, or were drafted, into the armed services of the country. 
The requirements of military service caused the school to reduce its 
age for admission of new students to fifteen years, and scholastic re- 
quirements for admission were lowered compatible with the new 
minimum age limit. 

There is evidence that there will be an increasing demand for 
the type of instruction afforded by this school, both by beginners and 
by young men now in the armed forces who already are making 
inquiries as to the possibility of taking rehabilitation or refresher 
courses at The National Farm School. As in the past, the school's 
program includes provision for applicants of any of these types who 
are otherwise fitted for admission to the school. 

Adviisslon Age 

Although pupils are being received at a lower age and with less 
advanced scholastic standing, the final standards of attainment for 
the pupils have not been lowered. The additional preliminary work 
made necessary by this situation will be compensated by intensifying 
the instruction in the upper grades, so that these younger pupils will, 
at the time of graduation, have completed substantially all the cur- 
ricular work included in our course of study. Along with this rigid 
program of related academic work, our students will continue to 
devote approximately seventy per cent of their school time to super- 
vised practice and detail work, both of which are essential parts of 
the training offered in the school. 

Likewise, the school is setting for itself increasingly high stand- 
ards of production. If our training is to be of real value, it must be 
able to demonstrate the most modern and best methods of production 
so that the talents acquired by our students may be turned to profit- 
able use after graduation. Therefore, we try never to lose sight of 
the fact that good education must include good production. 

Physical Plant 

Our physical plant, while in generally good condition has re- 
quired during the past year, a number of unusual repairs of an 
emergency nature. Many of our facilities are suffering from old age 
rather than neglect, and, like the "One Hoss Shay", a number of 















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things have happened at the same time. These emergency repairs 
have included the installation of two complete new heating plants for 
service of some of our largest buildings, the replacement of heating 
mains between two of the large buildings, and the relocation and re- 
equipment of practically all the main telephone and electric poles on 
the campus. It was unfortunate that so many of our capital installa- 
tions terminated their usefulness at the same time. The replacements 
which have been made will again serve the school for many years 
to come. 

Planning for the Future 

Looking forward in our plans for development of the school into 
fields of greater usefulness, the Board of Trustees has under con- 
sideration several projects which w^e believe to be of vital importance. 
First, when the proper facilities and personnel are found to be avail- 
able, it is planned to expand the work of the school to the grade of a 
Junior Agricultural College, with the attainment of the necessary 
accreditation that goes with an institution of such a grade. 

Second, the proposed plans include provision for the agricultural 
education of girls. Throughout the time of his connection with the 
Farm School, Dr. Krauskopf held this objective to be one of his 
cherished aims. Although other considerations made its fulfillment 
impossible during his lifetime, there seems to be no good reason 
why the facihties and opportunities of our school should be confined 
to the training of boys. It has been amply demonstrated, and more 
especially during this war period, that in most farm operations, girls 
and women can render as effective service as boys and men. Certainly 
it is to be expected that farm wives with an agricultural training can 




be more effective helpmates than those without such training; and 
with a scientific training, the products of such a farm home can be 
materially increased in value. From the point of view of male grad- 
uates of The National Farm School, it would certainly be an added 
stimulus for them to continue their agricultural pursuits after leaving 
school if they could look forward to the companionship and eventual 
marriage with young women whose training and interests had already 
proven to be of the same kind as their own. The values of effective 
• training of skilled agriculturists can be spread over a far wider area, 
if girls as well as boys are Included In the pupilage of the school. 
There is no sex limitation in other schools of comparable type. This 
project, like the development of the Junior College Idea, must wait 
on the recruitment of substantial additional funds, since this addition 
to the school would require the establishment of a separate campus 
and erection of separate dormitories and perhaps other buildmgs. 

Third, The National Farm School Is badly In need of a modern 
school building which can house all of the classroom activities of the 
institution now scattered over a number of buildings because no 
existing building has adequate or proper accommodations to care for 
all classes. There will always, of course, be the need for certain 
teaching facilities at the points where activities are in practice, but a 
single school building designed to comprehend all kinds of classroom 
acttvltles will give solidarity, dignity, and importance to the instruc- 
tional work of the school. • , , i 

Fourth, with increased physical facilities and with the develop- 
ment of more highly specialized personnel, the school will be In a 
position to expand its community services to agriculture. As a semi- 
public institution, we feel that we have definite service obligations to 




the community. Beyond these obligations, we believe that the neces- 
sity of serving others, mostly adults with backgrounds of practical 
experience, will do as much as any other one thing in challenging the 
school to meet up-to-date requirements of an institution such as ours. 
A number of such services have been included in the activities of the 
school for some time. For the past three winters, the school has con- 
ducted evening extension courses for the community which have at- 
tracted scores of farmers and other citizens from a radius of many 
miles. The appreciation expressed by those attending our classes is an 
added reason for wishing to continue and to expand these activities. 

Golden Jubilee 

In 1946, The National Farm School will celebrate its Golden 
Anniversary. Looking forward to this occasion, and in view of the 
foregoing plans for expansion, and improvement, the Board of 
Trustees has been making preparations for launching a Golden 
Jubilee Fund Campaign for $1,000,000, part of which will go for the 
items described above and similar new developments, part for the 
rehabilitation of existing properties, and another part toward main- 
tenance of the school. Plans for the conduct of this campaign are in 
active preparation, but have not yet advanced to the point where 
public announcement of details may be made. We feel sure that the 
thousands of friends of The National Farm School and others who 
are sympathetic with its aims and methods will be glad of this 
opportunity to express in a substantial way their appreciation of our 
institution. 

Services to the School 

Our school has acquired a standing and a reputation, not only 
locally, but throughout the United States, of which any institution 
may be proud. No one knows better than we ourselves what are our 



10 




shortcomings. However, one is not seriously disturbed by such knowl- 
edge if along with that knowledge there goes a feeling that this con- 
sciousness of shortcomings is acting as a continual spur to the im- 
provement of conditions. Our Board of Trustees, collectively and in- 
dividually, are alert to the needs of the school and are giving a 
wonderfully fine service out of their busy lives to help in its better- 
ment and expansion. The time and attention given to Farm School 
affairs by these good men and women are beyond price of purchase. 
It is the spirit of this generous service which will insure the continued 
success of our undertaking. 

We record with deep regret the passing of three of our valuable 
board members, Messrs. Harry B. Hirsh, Elias Nusbaum, and Harry 
H. Rubenstein. 

J\lr. Hirsh was among the pioneers in the founding of The 
National Farm School. He worked side by side with Dr. Krauskopf 
and was always a strong supporter of the school. For a number of 
years he served as Vice President of the school and as Chairman of 
the Board of Trustees. 

Air. Nusbaum was actively associated in the affairs of the school 
for a great many years. He not only served as a member of the Board 
of Trustees, but for a number of years he gave freely of his time to 
come to the school for the purpose of giving instruction to the stu- 
dents in Applied Electricity. As Chairman of the important Buildings 
and Grounds Committee his practical experience and his technical 
advice were of invaluable assistance to the school throughout the 
years of his connection with our Board. 

Mr. Rubenstein was a graduate of The National Farm School 
and was an elected member of the Board of Trustees. He was always 
interested in fostering relations between the school and the Alumni 
Association. He was closely associated with all those activities which 



11 




concerned themselves with the welfare of the students, and in both 
of these relationships his fine services will be greatly missed. 

We note also with regret, the death of two important members 
of our staff. Dr. Wesley Massinger was for almost a generation the 
School's veterinarian and instructor in Veterinary Science. He will be 
missed by hundreds of students with whom he had professional 
contacts. 

Our school physician, Dr. John J. Sweeney, had been officially 
connected with the school only since the beginning of the war, but he 
was a good neighbor and for many years had been much interested 
in all the activities of the school. 

Our School Family 

There are other elements essential to the welfare and progress 
of any institution such as ours. Of primary importance are the 
ability, enthusiasm, and fine cooperation of the directors, depart- 
ment heads, teachers, and all other members of the staff. This help- 
ful participation is a most important factor in the progress of our 
school. 

Acknowledgments would be wholly incomplete if we failed to 
give adequate recognition to the fine contribution of the school's 
Alumni. Not merely their generous money gifts, but their enthusiasm 
and their encouragement of students, have been sources of much 
satisfaction and value to the administration and to the student body. 
The Annual Reunions of the Alumni held at the school at the be- 
ginning of the summer are always a fine demonstration for the stu- 
dents of what the Alumni Association is and what it represents. Their 



12 




activities on these occasions are quite as much for the benefit of the 
student body as for the personal satisfaction of the members of the 
oro-anization. Their presence at the school is always an up-bft lor the 
student body. Beside this annual occasion, organized groups ol the 
Alumni Association visit the school, promote and participate in stu- 
dent rallies, pep meetings, attendance at athletic games, school dances, 
and other occasions, serving as a distinct encouragement to the stu- 
dents by their presence and their example. In recogmtion of the part 
the Alumni plays in the advancement of the schools affairs, the 
Association is entitled to designate two of its members as represen- 
tatives on the Board of Trustees. In addition to these two, the Board 
of Trustees includes in its membership five other graduates of the 
school, elected as regular members of the Board. The Alumm mem- 
bers are among the most active and most valuable members of the 
Board of Trustees. 

Our Students 

As indicated above, the pupilage of the school has been greatly 
affected by the wartime conditions. I wish, however, to take this 
opportunity of recognizing that even though our numbers are de- 
creased, and our age and educational requirements for admission have 
been reduced, we are very proud of the character, the enthusiasm, 
and the loyalty of the students we now have m the school, i hey are 
a group of fine young men and we feel that they will be able to 
maintain the splendid reputation and traditions of the school. _ _ 

Notwithstanding our small student body, regular student activi- 



13 




ties are carried on with much interest and enthusiasm. Our regular 
school athletic teams are continuing as in the past. A definite program 
of inter-class athletics has been set up to include every student of the 
school. The publication of "The Gleaner", our student magazine, is 
continuing, and we have an efficient, even though small student band 
as exhibited here today. These are but illustrations of a wide program 
of student participation which is either actually under way or in- 
cluded in the plans for immediate development. 

Wovien's Jtixiliary 

The Women's Auxiliary Committee of the Board of Trustees 
has made a fine contribution to student morale by providing for the 
equipment of a new canteen in a basement room of Ulman Hall 
dormitory. Much of the work necessary to fit up this room was done 
by the students themselves. Although in operation only a few weeks, 
this place has already become a rallying point for student activities. 

Looking Forward 

The very life of the Farm School and the plans for expansion 
and development of its activities depend on a recognition of the 
necessity for a school of this kind. Whether or not we believe that our 
country for the next generation is destined to become the "granary 
of the world," no one will deny the urgency of maintaining an 
adequate food supply produced under the best practical and scientific 
methods in order that even our own people may live according to 
modern standards of nutrition, a condition which has never been 
available to a large percentage of the population. If problems of dis- 



14 




tribution and of economic needs were solved, it would be found that 
there is no surplus of food production even under the intensified war 
production conditions existing today. Even as this report is written, 
we get woeful pictures of starvation in countries liberated by the 
allied nations, and we have accepted the responsibility of alleviating 
this situation. More and more this condition will be found to exist as 
we approach the ending of the war. It is not to be assumed that the 
United States will be able to carry all the burden of providing food 
for the world but it may reasonably be in the picture that our country 
will provide the skilled leaders needed to rehabilitate food production 
all over the w^orld. It is at this point that The National Farm School 
and all other institutions with similar objectives will find one of the 
most important outlets for their fields of activity. Not only is there 
an urgent necessity that the work of this school be continued and 
expanded but there will be found to be an urgency for the creation 
of many other institutions like ours, in the United States, and in many 
foreign countries as well. We are glad of the opportunity afforded 
us to make our small contribution to this important world picture 
and we shall continue to feel a distinct pride in our accomplishments 
along this line. 

Production 

Some of the noteworthy accomplishments in connection with our 
production departments include the following: 

Our wheat harvest this year was particularly fine. x\ll the w^heat 
produced was of a new variety and the quality was such as to make it 
possible for us to dispose of it as seed wheat at premium prices. The 



15 



feed wheat which we required for our own use was purchased by us 
at a price very considerably below what we received in the sale of 
our wheat. 

A young peach orchard, four years old, came into production for 
the first time this year. This orchard contains a number of new 
varieties propagated by the New Jersey Experiment Station. All the 
peaches in this lot were of a particularly fine fiavor and texture. This 
should be a valuable asset when these trees have grown into full 
production. 

In our Dairy Department, we have effected a material reduc- 
tion in the size of our milking herd without impairing our milk flow. 
This has been accomplished by culling out the poor producing cattle 
and replacing them with a few high producers. Our program of herd 
improvement has not been completed, but definite progress is being 
made. This year for the first time, the school has become a member 
of the Dairy Herd Improvement Association. Accurate official records 
of production and of costs are kept and a monthly report is made of 
all herds participating in the program. We are glad to be able to 
report that for the past three consecutive months, The National Farm 
School herd has been among the "high herds" of this region. In con- 
nection with our dairy herd, we take some pride in the fact that we 
have purchased this year, an outstanding proven Holstein bull. Sir 
Jewel Ormsby Duke. The possession of this animal would be a val- 
uable asset to any dairy herd. 

We have started on a program of large scale development of our 
nursery stock. The program thus begun will be in time, not only a 
commercial asset to the school, but will also provide a better back- 
ground for our instruction work in landscaping. 

In our poultry department, we have constructed a concrete-block 
egg storage room with provision for proper humidification. This room 
will enable us to maintain the high quality of our eggs between the 
time of gathering and the time of shipment, and will actually increase 
the sale value of the eggs. Appended to this report will be found 
excerpts from reports of our several department heads which will 
provide a somewhat more intimate acquaintance with the activities 
of the school. We trust that all present will be able to read the 
completed report when put into printed form. 



16 



Excerpts from Department Reports 



Agronomy and Agriclltlral Engineering 

"'Our efforts are directed mainly at giving e\ery part of our 
farms equal care. This should eventually produce the best results in 
crop returns. This care includes consiste^it crop rotation and proper 
utilization of animal and green manures. 

"We have drastically cut the amount of work done with horses. 
Shortage of student help has forced us to use motor tractors and 
trucks for all of our hauling and field work. 

"The crops we produce are for two main purposes, first, to 
supply fodder and bedding to all of our stock, and some supple- 
mental feed and, second, to produce some cash income. 

"We are gradually improving certain areas of the farms by 
reclaiming land. This involves removal of stumps and stones and 
roadside trees. The work necessarily is not progressing rapidly, 
again due to the lack of help. 

"We had a fine crop of wheat, all of which was sold as seed 
wheat, at a premium price. 

"Our field crops, like all others in this vicinity, suffered from the 
prolonged summer drought, which greatly reduced our production." 



Dairying and Ani:mal Husbandry 

"The past year is notable for the marked reduction in the size of 
our dairy herd. By the culling out of poor producers and other non- 
profitable cattle almost 40 percent reduction has resulted. A few 
high-producing cows have been added with the result that our neces- 
sary milk flow is maintained with a much smaller herd, thus reducing 
labor and feed expense. 

"As one of the moves in the reduction of number of cattle we 
have disposed of our entire Jersey herd. 

"During the year the school has joined the Dairy Herd Improve- 
ment Association. This organization makes monthly tests of all herds 
in the association, and its official records give an accurate picture of 
production and costs, not only for the herd as a whole but also for 
each individual cow. We are glad to be able to report that the record 
of The National Farm School herd is comparable with that of the 
best of the 107 herds in the testing area in which we are located. 

"The school has recently acquired a famous Holstein proven 
bull, Sir Jewel Ormsby Duke. The possession of this bull is a matter 
of pride as well as of distinct advantage in the up-grading of our 
dairy herd." 

18 



Pomology and \'egetable Gardening 

"Our yield of fruits and vegetables was drastically reduced 
because of the prolonged drought this summer. Many vegetables 
failed to mature. Fruits were small because of lack of moisture. This 
year's experience forcefully demonstrated the need of some system 
of irrigation, particularly for vegetables and small fruits. 

"A new peach orchard came into production for the first time. 
The orchard consists of four-year-old trees of several new varieties 
propagated experimentally by the Xew Jersey Experiment Station. 
These new varieties all possess high color and fine flavor and texture. 
Among these new peaches are Triogem, Xew Day, Sun High, and 
Red Rose. Ours were probably the first of these peaches ever har- 
vested in Pennsylvania." 

Ornamental Horticulture 

"The department has introduced new varieties of plant material 
and has improved its methods of production, following lines pursued 
bv large commercial growers. 

■'The greenhouses have produced for the market large quantities 
of chrysanthemums, carnations, snapdragons, stock, calla lilies, mari- 
golds, freesias, peonies, and geraniums, in addition to large numbers 
of vegetable plants. 




"I'his \car tlic department resumed the propagation of a large 
amount of nursery stock including particularly azaleas and yews. 
With the post-war resumption of building operations there will be a 
great demand for this type of landscaping material. Our look forward 
contemplates not only large scale production of desired shrubbery 
but also the training of bo)'s to become competent to handle tliese 
problems. 

''The campus grounds have been kept in tiie usual way, and the 
lawns, in spite of the prolonged drought, have recovered remarkably 
well after the September rains." 

Poultry Husbandry 

"During the past summer the department was confronted with 
an epidemic of fowl cholera of localized respiratory and ocular type. 
The situation was met radically. 1 he entire flock of yearlings and 
hens was sold off in late June. The poultry laying houses were 
cleaned, hosed down, and disinfected by the State. So far no signs of 
this disease have again appeared. The entire flock is in fine healthy 
condition. 

"The egg room has been removed from the basement of the 
Alumni Building and moved into new quarters in the big laying 
house. Here the work of cleaning, sorting, and packing eggs is done 
in daylight under sanitary conditions. A new egg-storage room has 
been constructed of concrete block, with proper rat-proofing and pro- 
vision for humidification. This helps to maintain the high quality of 
freshly-laid eggs and actually increases their commercial value. It is 
also of educational value in its demonstration of modern methods of 
handling eggs. 

"Efficiency of the department has been otherwise increased by 
improving the water system at both the old and the new brooder and 
at the colony houses." 

Domestic Department 

"The year's activities have been maintained at their usual high 
standard. Much of the food consumed in our dining room is the 
product of the boys' efforts in the several production departments, 
and thus helps to point the educational value of their practical work. 

"During the summer the school installed a new matron, who has 
already shown her ability to handle her problems with efficiency and 
grace. The kitchen staff, headed by two competent chefs, are con- 
tinuing to render fine service, in clean, sanitary surroundings. 

"Students take regular turns as waiters, and thus acquire addi- 
tional training in being helpful to each other. 

"In spite of constantly rising prices of commodities, and scarcity 
of various essential foods the meals have been kept up to their usual 
high standard both as to quality and quantity. Foresight in the pur- 
chase of important items has made it possible to keep pace with the 
times without imposing a corresponding increase in operating costs." 

21 





Student Relations 

"The students enrolled at The National Farm School represent 
a cross section of any community where the lessons of loyalty and 
'give and take' can yield the greatest returns for a healthy, progres- 
sive, and happy unity. 

"With this goal as an objective the school provides numerous 
activities including glee club and band supervised by a musical 
instructor; clubs — forum, Varsity Club and agricultural groups 
where the interest is sufficient to warrant their establishment. A 
recreation room is available for ping-pong and pool. A new canteen 
provides a gathering place, for purchase of refreshments and the 
enjoyment of music from a free juke box. For relaxation during the 
summer months, weekly feature motion pictures were shown. Several 
week-end dances are held throughout the year. Non-sectarian chapel 
services during the school year provide the spiritual background for 
the students. Ministers and laymen address the group at each of 
these exercises. 

■'Recently, organized and planned intramural sports have been 
inaugurated for the benefit of all students who do not play on the 
major athletic teams. 



22 



"Cooperation of the student body in making and enforcing 
school regulations plays a large part in student character building." 



Athletics 

"The school's polic)' of providing for a regular program of school 
athletics recognizes not only the value of such a program for a well- 
balanced training, but also it provides interest in well-developed 
hobbies. The value of organized recreation is recognized as being 
essential to youth and adults as well. Such a program contributes 
\"itally to the health and physique of the students, and also arouses a 
healthy spirit of competition which is normal in growing boys. 

"School athletics also are a valuable asset in developing enthu- 
siasm among the student body, and in fostering a spirit of solidarity 
in the school, including not only students but also faculty and all 
other workers. 

"Although our student body has been small we have maintained 
through the year our school teams in the three major sports — foot- 
ball, basketball and baseball, and we have made creditable records 
in all. Our football team has not been defeated in three years. 

"Interest of the entire student body is developed and maintained 
through the planned inter-class games. These not only afford an 
opportunity for students to develop their skills and to overcome shy- 
ness and self-consciousness, but they also serve as preparation for 
those who will later join the squad of the 'varsity' team. 

"These activities are made to include all students of the school. 

"It is the policy of the school to schedule as many Inter-school 
games as possible 'at home.' This enables the entire student body 
to be present whereas games played away from home can be attended 
by only the playing squad. Our conditions are such that we need to 
provide as many recreational diversions as we can for the whole 
group. This policy helps to develop student morale and it provides 
needed breaks in what might become a somewhat monotonous hfe 
for students. 

"Bringing teams to the school to play is a matter of considerable 
expense to us since we must not only compensate all officials but we 
must also provide guarantees for expenses of visiting teams. Adding 
these expenses to the high cost of equipment for major sports our 
athletic program is costly to the school, but we believe we could not 
afford to eliminate these activities." 




■m 



t^^-J/X^ w\ || 



/■:?<^-^-^n: 




HARVEST FESTIVAL AND 
FORTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL MEETING 

October 1, 1944 



The Harvest Festival and Forty-Seventh Annual Meeting of The 
National Farm School was held in the Louchheim Auditorium on the 
School campus on Sunday, October 1, 1944. 

The principal speaker was Dr. Alexander J. Stoddard, Superin- 
tendent of the Public Schools of Philadelphia. Leon Merz, Chairman of 
the Board of Trustees, presided. Special features of the program were 
the tribute to the Founder and the Tree Dedication ceremonies which 
were performed by Reverend Mortimer J. Cohen, Rabbi of Beth Sholom 
Congregation, Philadelphia. Tree dedications included four trees named 
in memory of the late Harry B. Hirsh, Honorary Chairman of the 
Board of Trustees, and special dedications to the late Elias Nusbaum, 
Chairman of the Buildings and Grounds Comniittee, and to Harry H. 
Rubenstein, one of the younger Trustees and a graduate of the School. 

A report of the year's activities was submitted by the President of 
the School, Dr. Louis Nusbaum. (The report is published in full on 
pages 7 to 23.) Reverend Frank Damrosch, Jr., Rector of St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church, Doylestown, Pa., gave the invocation. Raymond J. 
Solomon, President of the Senior Class, was the student representative 
on the program. 

Farm products exhibits, comprising both competitive and educa- 
tional entries, and including fruits, vegetables, farm animals, animal 
products, flowers, landscape designs, soils and scientific displays, were 
erected in the auditorium. Awards for exhibits were announced by Mr. 
David M. Purmell, Chairman of the Faculty Committee on Exhibits. 

The report of the Nominating Committee was presented by Edwin 
H. Silverman, Chairman of the Nominating Committee. The following 
Trustees who had completed ten years of service were elected to Hon- 
orary Board Membership: Sydney K. Allman, Jr., J. Griffith Boardman, 
S. S. Greenbaum, Lester Hano, Al Paul Lefton, and Emanuel W. 
\\'irkman. 

The following Trustees whose terms had expired were re-elected 
for a term of three years: Sylvan D. Einstein, Kevy K. Kaiserman, Mrs. 
AL J. Karpeles, David H. Fleet, Matthew B. Rudofker, Israel Stiefel, 
Aiax Trumper, and Sydney L. Wright. 

The following were elected to unexpired terms: 

Term ending September 1945: Albert AL Greenfield, Sydney J. 
A/Jarkovitz and William H. Yerkes, Jr. 

Term ending September 1946: ^^'illiam AL Adler and Edward 
Rosewater. 

Term ending September 1947: David Levin, A-Iaurice L. Strauss 
and Alorris R. Blackman. 

25 



Tree Dedications were made in the names of the following persons: 

Rachel Steinberg, Augusta, Ga. 

Helen May and Alfred Zirken, Springfield, Mass. 

Emma Pauline Hoegger Shankland, Atlantic City, N. J. 

Harry H. Rubenstein, Camden, N. J. 

Henry M. Rich, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mrs. Julian M. Livingston, New Rochelle, N. Y. 

Louise B. T. Hirsh and Morton B. Hirsh, New York, N. Y. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Meyer Schwab, Cincinnati, 0. 

Wilfrid H. Jones, Colwyn, Pa. 

Isak Julius Bauer, Elkins Park, Pa. 

Lillian Abrahamson Bonsall, Amelia H. Blumenthal, Flora Ancker Frankel, 
Lina Gottlieb, Abraham Moses Helbein, Florence G. Hinlein, Herman L. 
Hinlein, Harry B. Hirsh, Augusta Karpeles, Gerson Lefkowith, Dorothy 
Makransky, Elias Nusbaum, Joseph A. Orliner, Amelia Tower Putnam, 
Jennie Rosenthal, Arthur A. Strouse, Frederick Carl Tillberg, and 
Harry Weinreich, Philadelphia, Pa. 

A. Roy Robson, West Chester, Pa. 

Dora Abrams, Hearne, Tex. 




26 



The Officers and the Board of Trustees of The National 
Farm School at their meeting held on Thursday, September 21, 
1944, noted with sincere regret the passing away in his eightieth 
year on July 16, 1944, of 

HARRY B. HIRSH 

a valiant leader, a great benefactor and a beloved associate. 

From its beginning in 1896, he was ever associated with the 
School, loyally supporting the Founder, Joseph Krauskopf, 
helping with his keen analytical mind to solve its problems and 
exemplifying to his associates the ultimate in character and in- 
tegrity. As a Trustee, Vice-President, and Chairman of the 
Board, he zealously contributed his business talents, wise coun- 
sel and inspiring leadership. 

We lament the loss of the last of the Founders of the School 
and extend our sincere sympathy to his family. 

RESOLVED, that these sentiments be spread upon the 
record of the School, that an engrossed copy be sent to his be- 
loved wife and family, and that a tree be planted on the School 
campus consecrated to his memory. 

COMMITTEE: 

Joseph H. Hinlein 

Louis A. Hirsch 

Manfred R. Krauskopf 

Louis Nusbaum 

Leon Merz 

Isidore Baylson, Chairman 



27 



The Officers and the Board of Trustees of The National 
Vavm School at their meeting held on Thursday, October 19, 
ltj44^ noted with sincere regret the death on September 18, 
1944, of 



HARRY H. RUBENSTEIN 



one of our younger Trustees and a graduate of the School. He 
was intensely and enthusiastically interested in presentmg to 
the Board the viewpoint of the Alumni and of the student body, 
and his friendly recommendations were extremely helpful to the 
administrators of the School. 

We regret the loss of a member of our Board and extend 
our sincere sympathy to his family and to his fellow graduates 
among the Alumni. 

RESOLVED, that these sentiments be spread upon the 
records of the School, that an engrossed copy be sent to his be- 
loved wife and family, and that a tree be planted on the School 
campus consecrated to his memory. 

COMMITTEE 

Isidore Baylson 
Morris Blackman 
Sylvan D. Einstein 
Manfred R. Krauskopf 
Fred M. Weigle 
James Work, Chairman 



29 




FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES 

March 25, 1945 

The 1945 Commencement Exercises of The Xational Farm School, 
held in the Louchheim Auditorium on Sunday afternoon, March 25, 
1945, again witnessed the graduation of a class small in number. Because 
students of The National Farm School, like those of other similar schools 
and colleges, come within the age of the selective service draft and enlist- 
ments, only six students of the Senior Class remained to receive the 
diploma of the School. 

Joseph B. Shane, Dean of George School, delivered the graduation 
address. The valedictory address was made by Josiah Remsburg. The 
salutatorian was Raymond J. Solomon who as President of the Gradu- 
ating Class, also "handed down the hoe" to the President of the incom- 
ing Senior Class. 

Maurice Jacobs, Vice President of the School, took charge of the 
exercises and awarded the diplomas, substituting for the President, Dr. 
Xusbaum, who w^as prevented from attending because of illness. Air. 
Jacobs read to the Graduating Class the following message which Dr. 
Xusbaum had sent to them: 

"You cannot possibly know how deeply I regret my 
inability to be with you on this occasion of your gradua- 
tion from The National Farm School. I have looked for- 
ward as eagerly as you have to this event. 

"Your class has faced a peculiarly difficult problem. 
You, Ray and Joe and Lee, you, Al and Ralph and Irv, 
had to make difficult decisions because of the big task 
facing you at the beginning of your senior year and the 
small number of you left to carry out that task. You did 
the heroic thing, and because you did, you have main- 
tained, unbroken, a line of traditions in The National 
Farm School which will always stand as a monument to 
the extra efforts you have put into your senior year. I feel 
that the things you have done will bind you even closer to 
the school and I should like you to feel that you may 
always come back to us for any kind of help we may be 
able to give. We want you to come back not only for help 
but also because we shall be glad to see you at any time 
possible. You go out with m}^ sincere personal wishes for 
your success." 

30 



The complete prot^nani of exercises was as follows: 

Entrance Senior Class 

National Anthem 

Invocation Meir Lasker, Rabbi Temple Judea, Philadelphia 

Welcome Maurice Jacobs, Vice President 

Salutatory Raymond J. Solomon 

Address Joseph B. Shane 

Dean, George School, Geo)ge School, Pa. 

Selection by Student Band Earl J. Frick, Director 

Valedictory Josiah C. Remsburg 

Passing of the Hoe 

Farewell Message Walter J. Groman, Representing the Faculty 

Awarding OF Prizes Irwin Klein, Director Student Relations 

Introduction of Graduates W. 0. Strong, Dean of Agriculture 

Presentation OF Diplomas Maurice Jacobs, Vice-President and 

Chairman Educational Committee of Board of Trustees 

School Song 

THE GRADUATES 

Animal Husbandry and General Agriculture 

josiah C. remsburg Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ornamental Horticulture 
Landscaping 

RALPH MORITZ Yonkers, N. Y. 

Floriculture 

RAYMOND J. SOLOMON Bronx, N. Y. 

LEE CEDAR BERNSTEIN Bronx, N. Y. 

Poultry Husbandry 

ALVIN I. DANENBERG Evansville, Ind. 

IRVING HANDLESMAN Brooklyn, N. Y'. 

PRIZE AWARDS 

Best General Record Through Three- Year Course: 

First Prize Josiah C. Remsburg 

Second Prize . Raymond J. Solomon 

For Outstanding School Citizenship Alvin I. Danenberg 

Ornamental Horticulture Prizes — Most Capable and Efficient Senior 

in Landscaping Ralph Moritz 

in Floriculture Raymond J. Solomon 

Poultry Husbandry Prize — Most Capable and Efficient Senior 

in Poultry Work Alvin I. Danenberg 

A number of other prizes are distributed more informally in student 

assembly. 

31 



ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 
Annual Meeting 

The Alumni Association of The National Farm School held its 
Annual Reunion and business sessions at the School on Saturday and 
Sunda\', June 30 and July 1. The theme of all of the sessions was how 
the alumni as a body and as indi\'iduals could best further the progress 
of their Alma Mater. Plans were also discussed how the alumni could be 
of service to members who may be in need of agricultural aid in one 
form or another as they return to civilian life from military service. 

Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows: 

President Dr. Sol Shapero 

First Vice-President Kenneth B. Mayer 

Second Vice-President Benjamin Gartner 

Third Vice-President Paul Hanchrow 

Secretary and Treasurer Samuel B. Samuels 

Steward of Alumni House Irwin Klein 

Alumni Foundation 

The Annual Meeting of The National Farm School Alumni Foun- 
dation was held on July 1. This foundation administers a fund contri- 
buted by the Alumni, which now totals more than ^8000. The purpose 
of the fund is to make available certain sums for needs pertaining to the 
welfare of the Alumni Association, the School or any of the alumni for 
agricultural purposes. 

The following officers were elected for 1944-45: 

President Samuel Golden 

\'ice-President Samuel Billig 

Treasurer • Alex Burchuk 

Secretary Samuel B. Samuels 

33 




AN OUTLINE OF ITS HISTORY 
AND PURPOSE 

By Irwin Klein 

Director of Student Relations 

The National Farm School is an agricultural institution founded in 
1896 by the late Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf. Concerned with the problems 
of the overcrowded cities, he decided to offer underprivileged, agricul- 
turally - minded boys an opportunity to live a clean, healthful and 
independent life by learning how to work the land practically and 
scientifically. 

The School is located about 30 miles from Philadelphia, near 
Doylestown, Pennsylvania, on Route 202 between New York and Wash- 
ington in the rich agricultural Bucks County. It has its own railroad 
station on the Reading Railroad and its own post office, Farm School. 
Pennsylvania. 

Although the School is non-sectarian and is open to any deserving 
youth wishing to train for a career in agriculture, most of its support 
comes from the Jewish communities of the country and a large per- 
centage of its pupilage consists of Jewish boys. The record of the 
School's graduates shows that 60 percent of the graduates remain in 
agriculture or in some allied service. This is a record probably un- 
matched by any professional or other technical institution and makes 
The National Farm School stand out as one of the very few institutions 
whose results actually refute the anti-Semitic charge so often made that 
Jews are consumers, but not producers. 

Graduates of the School are engaged in varied occupations of agri- 
culture, as farm owners and managers, county agents, bee culturists. 
farm machinery mechanics, agricultural publishers, dairymen, vegetable 
growers, orchardists, landscape gardeners, salesmen and dealers in farm 
products or supplies, veterinarians, agricultural teachers in high schools 
and colleges, agricultural technicians, park managers and foremen. 

An interview of the prospective applicant at the School is required 

34 



of those living within a radius of one hundred miles. For those living at 
greater distances arrangements for interviews are made with selected 
alumni ^^■i^o reside in \'arious parts of the country. The applicant is re- 
quired to supply data including a physician's statement of physical fit- 
ness, previous schooling, transcript of high school record and a statement 
of his purpose in wishing to enter The National Farm School. 

There are no charges for tuition. An incidental fee of $150 a year 
MJiich co\-ers matriculation, athletics, social activities, and books, is 
required of all students. Families whose incomes permit, are required to 
pay all or part of the cost of maintenance calculated at actual cost to the 
school. In exceptional cases students may be accepted on payment of 
the incidental fees only. 

In some instances, community or philanthropic organizations, or 
individuals sponsor students. Many worthy boys interested in agri- 
culture have secured an excellent and inexpensive education at this 
School through the farsightedness of private benefactors. 

The School has also made its facilities available in the retraining 
and rehabilitation of returned servicemen for whom some form of farm 
life is indicated as a future career. After World War I, The National 
Farm School rendered valuable service in this field and has also given 
similar service to victims of industrial casualties. 

The regular course of training requires three years. The school year 
begins the latter part of March and continues throughout the twelve 
months. The program of instruction is laid out to give the student a 
thorough training in practical work and scientific classroom study. 

To orient city boys to farm life and provide seasonal experience, 
first and second year students attend classes each morning and do super- 
vised practice field work in the afternoon. Third year students work in 
their respective departments the entire day from the end of March until 
November when they return to the classroom until graduation the 
following March. 

No classes are held during July and August. These months are 
devoted to supervised practice in the fields. 

Most phases of agriculture are taught, the School comprising six 
departments: Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering, Dairying and 
Animal Husbandry, Fruit Growing and Vegetable Gardening, Land- 
scape Gardening, Greenhouse, and Poultry Husbandry. 

During the first two years students are rotated every three weeks 
in these departments. In the third year each student selects one depart- 
ment in which to specialize and in which he spends most of his time. 
With this arrangement, a graduate of The National Farm School will 
have a fundamental knowledge of most phases of agriculture, and a 
specialized training and experience in one chosen field and can readily 
adapt himself to any of several fields of agriculture. 

Classroom subjects include English, Library Practice, Agricultural 
Alathematics, Botany, Chemistry, Zoology, Beekeeping, Entomolog)', 
Plant Pathology, Feeds and Feeding, Rural Sociology, and the technical 
aspects of the content subjects of the various departments. 

Graduates who desire to pursue advanced study in agriculture at 
colleges receive credit for certain subjects completed at The National 

35 



Farm School. The amount of credit varies with the college and with ihe 
subjects previously covered in high school. 

Athletics, in the major sports of football, basketball and baseball, 
play a prominent part in the life of the School. Students are encouraged 
to participate, also, in interclass events. Tradition built up during the 
forty-eight years of the School's existence adds greatly to the School's 
lore and student spirit. 

Students are allowed twenty-eight days vacation during any twelve 
months, in addition to one week-end each month. 

Xon-sectarian chapel services are held every Friday evening. Once 
a week a general assembly is held at which educational motion pictures, 
speakers on agricultural subjects, and musical selections and dramatic 
skits by students are presented. At frequent intervals students partici- 
pate in school dances, entertainments, public functions, and in summer, 
swimming. 

A band under the direction of a professional instructor adds to the 
general school spirit and to the development of the individual student's 
musical ability. 

Alany persons inquire, "What of the future of agriculture.'" The 
opportunities are almost unlimited for those properly prepared. Briefly, 
these opportunities can be subdivided into three occupational groups 
(1) Productive Farming, actual farm work, the raising of crops and 
animals for food (2) Agricultural Services, salesmen of feeds, seeds and 
implements, technicians, produce inspectors, etc., (3) Educational Pur- 
suits, teachers, county agents, etc. 

Environment factors and individual personalities will determine 
which occupation to follow. Regardless of the choice, a background of 
practical experience and scientific training as provided by The National 
Farm School, will insure a sound foundation for a successful agricultural 
career. 

Although many of the School's studies are on a post high school 
level. The National Farm School makes no claim of competition with 
colleges. Agricultural colleges are designed primarily to train students 
who have had a background of agricultural environment or training to 
expand their fundamental knowledge, theoretically and economically. 
On the other hand. The National Farm School is primarily designed to 
give a basic farming background to city-bred boys and the experience 
of nearly a half-century demonstrates that this can be done successfully.. 



The National Far.m School 

herebv expresses sincere appreciation to 
generous friends whose contributions made 
possible the publication of this Annual 
Report without cost to the School. 



36 




THE XATIOXAL FARM SCHOOL pro- 
gram of tree dedications makes it possible for 
those who wish to commemorate a joj^ous occa- 
sion or to pay lasting tribute to a departed one, 
to do so through the dedication of living, grow- 
ing trees. Trees can symbolize as no other 
memorial, expressions of joys and sorrows and 
keep fresh the memory of those persons and 
occasions we wish to remember. 

The National Farm School has established for such purposes 

A Patriots Grove — to honor those who have made the supreme 
sacrifice or have otherwise served or are 
serving in the armed forces of our country. 

A Festive Grove — to commemorate births, birthdays, confir- 
mations, graduations, betrothals, weddings 
and other occasions and aniversaries. 

A J\Ie]\iorial Grove — to memorialize the departed. 

The names of those persons for whom dedications are made will be 
inscribed on a suitable plaque at the entrance to the groves. 

Contributors will appreciate this fine means of sharing festive occa- 
sions or of expressing sympathy while at the same time, enjoying the 
satisfaction of helping a worthy institution. Contributions ranging from 
$\Q to $100 and over are acceptable for this purpose. 

The form below may be used in sending in requests. 

THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 

FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY 
PENNSYLVANIA 

194 

Enclosed is contribution of $ , for which inscribe 

The Name of 

City and State 

Event Date of Event 

In the 

Patriots Grove □ 
Festive Grove n 
Memorial Grove □ 

Please send acknowledgment to: 

Name 

Address 

Name of Contributor 

Address 



37 



THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 

FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY 
PENNSYLVANIA 

Membership of The National Farm School 
Date 



I, the undersigned, being in sympathy with the object of The National 
Farm School — the training of youth in the science and practice of agri- 
culture — do hereby agree to subscribe as one of the maintainers of the 

institution the sum of dollars annually. 

A^a me 



Benefactor . 


. . SlOO 


Friend 


50 


Patron 


. . 25 


Member . . . 


10 


Supporter . . 


5 



Adcbess 

Make checks payable to The National Farm School 



Form of Legacy to The National Farm School 

"/ give and bequeath tntto The National Farm School, Bucks County, 

Pa., near Doylestowii, the sum of dolhns 

free from all taxes to be paid to the Treasurer, for the time being, for the 
use of the institution." 



Form of Devise 

ON REAL ESTATE OR GROUND RENT 

"/ give and devise unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa., 
near Doylestown (here describe the property oi- ground rent), together with 
the appuitenances, in fee simple, and all policies of insurance covering said 
]))-emises, ivhether fire, title or otherwise, free fro)n all taxes." 



A donation or bequest of $10,000.00 will found a perpetual scholarship, 
the income from which will go toward maintaining one student each year; 
such scholarship may bear the name of the donor or such names as the donor 
may designate. A donation of $900.00 will provide instruction, board and 
room of a student for one year (a twelve-month term) ; $2,700.00, for three 
years (thirty-six months) to graduation. 



Gifts to The National Farm School in Cash, War Bonds and 
War Savings Stamps Are Allowable Income Tax Deductions 



39 




THIS MAP SHOWS LOCATION OF SCHOOL AND HOW IT MAY BE 
REACHED BY AUTOMOBILE AND TRAIN 

(Readhzg Railroad trains, operating hetiveen Philadelphia and Doylestmvn, stop 
at Farm School station, directly on the grounds of the bchool.) 

40