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Full text of "Forty-sixth Annual Report of The National Farm School 1943-1944"

FORTY-SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF 



THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 







FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY 
PENNSYLVANIA 



1943- 1944 




Joseph Krauskopf 
Founder 



THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 

Founded 1896 



A School of Scientific and Practical Agriculture 
Supported Largely by Voluntary Contributions 



Specializes in Training City Boys for Careers 
IN Agriculture 



Open to Boys of All Creeds from All Sections of 
the L^nited States 



OFFICERS AND BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Louis Nusbaum, President 

Louis A. Hirsch, Vice-President 

Maurice Jacobs, Second Vice-President 

James Work, Treasurer 

Bernard Weinberg, Assistant Treasurer 

Elsie M. Belfield, Secretary 



Joseph H. Hagedorn, Honorary Chairman Board of Trustees 
Leon Merz, Chairman Board of Trustees 



Isidore Baylson 
David Burpee 
Harry Burstein 
Horace T. Fleisher 
Jos. H. Hagedorn 
Roy a. Heymann 
Julian A. Hillman 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Jos. H. Hinlein 
Stanley H. Hinlein 
Louis A. Hirsch 
Harry B. Hirsh 
Maurice Jacobs 
Chas. Kline 
Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf 
M. R. Krauskopf 



Leon Merz 
Louis Nusbaum 
Leon Rosenbaum 
Edwin H. Silverman 
Philip Sterling 
Isaac Stern 
James Work 



William M. Abler 
Sydney K. Allman, Jr. 
GUSTAVE C. Ballenberg 
Morris R. Blackman 
J. Griffith Boardman 
Samuel Cooke 
Sylvan D. Einstein 
Edwin B. Elson 
Benjamin Goldberg 
Lester M. Goldsmith 
S. S. Greenbaum 
Albert M. Greenfield 
W. A. Haines 



ELECTED MEMBERS 

Lester Hano 
Kevy K. Kaiserman 
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles 
A. Spencer Kaufman 
Al. Paul Lefton 
David Levin 
Albert A. Light 
Sydney J. Markovitz 
David H. Pleet 
Theo. G. Rich 
Lee I. Robinson 
Edward Rosewater 
Walter Rosskam 



Harry H. Rubenstein 
Matthew B. Rudofker 
Max Semel 

Nathan J, Snellenburg 
Israel Stiefel 
M. L. Strauss 
Wm. H. Sylk 
Max Trumper 
Edwin H. Weil 
Bernard Weinberg 
Emanuel Wirkman 
Sydney L. Wright 
William H. Yerkes 



ALUMNI REPRESENTATIVES 
Samuel Rudley Fred M. Weigle 



WOMEN'S AUXILIARY COMMITTEE 



Mrs. Jos. Krauskopf, Chairman 



Mrs. Theodore Netter, Treasurer 



Mrs. a. J. Bamberger 
Mrs. Henry S. Belber 
Mrs. D. T. Berlizheimer 
Mrs. Leon Cohen 
Mrs. Sol Flock 



Miss Belle Floersheim Mrs. A. M. Klein 



Mrs. Sig. Guggenheim 
Mrs. Hiram Hirsch 
Mrs. M. J. Karpeles 
Mrs. Carrie Kaufman 



Mrs. Albert M. Greenfield 



Mrs. M. R. Krauskopf 
Mrs. Sidney Lowenstein 
Mrs. a. Marks 
Mrs. Wm. Pleet 
Mrs. Maurice E. Stern 



NATIONAL BOARD OF STATE DIRECTORS 

ISAAC STERN. New York City. ActinR Chairman 



Edmund H. Abrahams. Savannah. Ga. 

]i. Abrohams. Green Bay, Wis. 

Sam Albrecht, Vicksburu. Miss. 

Henry A. Alexander. Atlanta. Ga. 

Arthur A. Aronson. Raleigh. N. C. 

Marcus Bachenheimer, Wheelinp:. W. Va. 

Melvin Behrends. Washington. D. C. 

Dr. Henry J. Berkowitz. Portland. Ore. 

I. W. Bernheim. Denver. Col. 

W. P. Bloom. Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

R. D. Blum. Nashville. Tenn. 

S. B. Brunwasser. Pittsburtrh. Pa. 

Edsrar M. Cahn. New Orleans, La. 

Gabriel M. Cohen. Indianapolis. Ind. 

Julius L. Cohen. Superior, Wis. 

Louis Cohen, Ft. Smith, Ark. 

Miss Felice Cohn, Reno, Nev. 

Heiman Cone. Greensboro, N. C. 

Allen V. deFord. Washinpton. D. C. 

Max de Jong, Evansville, Ind. 

Carroll Downes, Jr., Kansas City, Mo. 

Nathan Eckstein, Seattle, Wash. 

Samuel Edelberg:. Saranac Lake, N. Y. 

Herbert U. Feibelman, Miami, Fla. 

Rabbi J. B. Feibelman. New Orleans, La. 

Rabbi A. J. Feldman. Hartford. Conn. 

Stanley Frank, San Antonio, Tex. 

A. Frankel. Sr.. Des Moines, la. 

Ike L. Freed. Houston, Tex. 

Max Friedwald, Billings, Mont. 

Louis M. Fushan. Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Judge Edward I. Gleszer, Bangor. Me. 

Milton D. Greenbaum, Baltimore, Md. 

N. Greengard. Mandan. N. D. 

Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg, New York, N. Y. 

Judge Samuel J. Harris, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Sieg. Harzfeld. Kansas City, Mo. 

Hugo Heiman, Little Rock, Ark. 

Harry Hirsch. Toledo, O. 

Wm. L. Holzman. Beverly Hills, Cal. 

Robt. W. Isaacs, Clayton, N. M. 

Simon Jankowsky, Tulsa, Okla. 

Carl H. Kahn. Chicago, 111. 

Thos. Kapner, Bellaire, O. 

Edmund I. Kaufmann. Washington, D. C. 

Howard Kayser. Minneapolis, Minn. 

Daniel E. Koshland, San Francisco, Cal. 

Rabbi Isaac Landman, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

G. Irving Latz. Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Isidore Lehman, Jackson, Miss. 

Jos. G. Lehman, Dayton, O. 

Bernard Levitt, Wichita. Kan. 

Dan A. Levy, Fort Worth, Tex. 

Dr. I. H. Levy. Syracuse, N. Y. 

M. Lipinsky, Asheville, N. C. 



Alex. Lischkoff, Pensacola, Fla. 

J. H. Loveman, Birmingham, Ala. 

A. L. Luria, Reading, Pa. 

H. A. Mackoff, Dickinson, N. D. 

Herbert Marcus. Dallas. Tex. 

Ben. H. May. Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Isaac May, Rome, Ga. 

Jewell Mayes, Richmond, Mo. 

Sam Meyer, Meridian. Miss. 

William Meyer. Butte, Mont. 

M. G. Michael. Athens, Ga. 

Abe Miller. Chicago. 111. 

Louis Mosenfelder, Rock Island, 111. 

Herbert A. Moses, Sumter, S. C. 

N. Murov. Shreveport. La. 

Chas. Nussbaum. Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Michael Panovitz, Grand Forks, N. D. 

Dr. I. E. Philo, Youngstown, O. 

Judge Max L. Pinansky, Portland, Me. 

Myron Porges, Pocatello, Idaho 

James A. Pratt, Loch Raven, Md. 

Chas. S. Rauh, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Hiram S. Rivitz, Cleveland, O. 

Alex Rosen, Bismarck. N. D. 

Bernath Rosenfeld, Tucson, Ariz. 

Arthur Rosenstein, Boston, Mass. 

Emil Rosentock, Sioux City, la. 

Dr. Henry Ross, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dr. Leo S. Rowe. Washington, D. C. 

Samuel Rudley, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Oliver R. Sabin, New York, N. Y. 

Henry Sachs. Colorado Springs. Col. 

Judge S. B. Schein, Madison, Wis. 

Charles Schoen. Cedar Rapids, la. 

Dr. Laurence Selling. Portland, Ore. 

Max Semel, New York, N. Y. 

David Snellenburg, Wilmington, Del. 

Morris Stern, San Antonio, Tex. 

Samuel Stern, Fargo, N. D. 

Edward Stiles, Montpelier, Vt. 

Bertram A. Stroock, Jackson Heights, N.Y. 

Milton Sulzberger, Providence, R. I. 

Louis Tober. Portsmouth, N. H. 

Louis Veta, Cheyenne. Wyo. 

Jerome A. Waterman, Tampa, Fla. 

Adolph Weil. Paducah, Ky. 

Isadore Weil. Montgomery, Ala. 

Herschel Weil, Lexington, Ky. 

Lionel Weil, Goldsboro, N. C. 

Morris Weil. Lincoln, Neb. 

Leo Weinberg, Frederick, Md. 

Henry Weinberger, San Diego, Cal. 

M. J. Weiss, Alexandria, La. 

S. D, Wise, Cleveland, O. 



NEW YORK COMMITTEE OF SPONSORS 



ISAAC STERN. Chairman 



Belmont Corn 

Hon. Abram I. Elkus 

Milton Erlanger 

Sidney C. Erlanger 

Sydney B. Erlanger 

Howard S. Gans 

Mrs. Paul Gottheil 

Mrs. H. A. Guinzburg 

Moss Hart 

Siegfried F. Hartman 

Miss Florence Henry 

Leo H. Hirsch 

Dr. Herbert M. Kaufmann 

Mrs. Otto V. Kohnstamm 

Daniel L. Korn 



Arthur M. Kuhn 
Dr. Isaac Landman 
Herbert H. Lehman 
Mrs. Harry F. Louchheim 
Jesse J. Ludwig 
Dr. Morris Manges 
Otto Marx 
James Marshall 
Alfred I. Mendelsohn 
Moses Newborg 
Siegfried Peierls 
David Piatt 

Mrs. Sigmund Pollitzer 
Dr. Henry Reiss 
Louis P. Rocker 



William Rosenthal 
Louis F. Rothschild 
Bernard J. Rose 
Oliver Sabin 
Max Sondheim 
Charles Sonfield 
Mrs. William Stern 
Mrs. Samuel Stiefel 
Joseph Stroock 
Louis Tekulsky 
Lucien Uhry 
Mrs. Leon L. Watters 
Dr. Stephen S. Wise 
Alfred Yankauer 



FACULTY 

Louis Nusbaum, B.S., Ped.D. (Temple University), President 

William 0. Strong, B.Sc. (Cornell University), Dean of Agriculture; 
Farm Managevient 

Samuel B. Samuels, B.Sc. (Massachusetts State College), Business Mana- 
ger, Director of Domestic Department, Director of Athletics; Rural 
Sociology 

Irwin Klein, B.Sc, M.Sc. (Ohio State University), Director of Student 
Relations; English 

Philip Gorlin (The National Farm School), Acting Librarian; Library 
Practice 

Isidore Baylson, LL.B. (University of Pennsylvania); Farm Law. 

Redding H. Rufe, M.D. (University of Minnesota), Physician; Applied 
Hygiene 

Walter J. Groman (The National Farm School), Head of Department of 
Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering; General Agriculture and 
Farm Machinery 

Leonard Rose (The National Farm School), Assistant in Agronomy; Field 
Crops 

David M. Purmell, B.Sc. (Michigan State College), Head of Department 
of Pomology and Vegetable Gardening; Pomology, Vegetable Pro- 
duction, Plant Breeding 

Solomon Leon Soskin (The National Farm School), Assistant in Pomology 
and Vegetable Gardening 

Herman G. Fiesser (Gartenbauschule, Geisenheim, Germany), Head of 
Department of Ornamental Horticulture; Landscaping 

Philip Ellman, B.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agriculture), Acting 
Head of Department of Dairying and Animal Husbandry; Dairying 
and Animal Husbandry 

W. A. Haines, D. V. M., Veterinarian ; Veterinary Science 

Samuel H. Meisler, B.Sc, M.Sc. (Rutgers University, College of Agricul- 
ture), Head of Department of Poultry Husbandry; Poultry Hus- 
bandry 

Henry Schmieder, B.Sc, M.Sc. (University of Pennsylvania), Head of 
Department of Science; Sciences, Apiculture 

OTHER STAFF MEMBERS AND AGRICULTURAL SERVICE STAFF 

Jean Wright, Matron 
William J. Wilkinson 
Daniel Miller 
Charles Mashteller 

Assistants in Agronomy and Agricultural Engineering 
Joshua Feldstein 
Herman Wilensky 

Assistants in Pomology and Vegetable Gardening 
Abraham Rellis, Assistant in Ornamental Horticulture 
Paul Fickes, Herdsman 
Herman Stoever 
LeRoy Landis 

Assistants in Dairying and Animal Husbandry 
Abraham Cohen, Assistant in Poultry Husbandry 
Norman G. Myers, School Mechanic; Farm Mechanics, Farm Carpentry 




The Farmer — Essential in War and in Peace 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT 

to the 

Forty-sixth Annual Meeting 

of 
The National Farm School 
October 17, 1943 
In times such as these, the position of an institution like The 
National Farm School is one of grave concern. On one hand, there 
is an unusual need for the kind of training and service given by this 
School in order to conserve the food supply, and if possible, to help 
increase it. On the other hand the exigencies of a war situation oper- 
ate to hamper its activities. 

Recruitment of students is difficult both because of the natural 
desire of youth to enlist in the armed services of the country, and 
because youth of the ages of Farm School students can find financially 
attractive situations in industry. The students we have are mostly 
within the age limit of the Selective Service Draft, and their continu- 
ance in the School depends largely on the attitude of the individual 
selective service boards throughout the country — we are subject to 
their various interpretations of the situation of our School as an 
institution of higher agricultural education, and of the status of the 
students as farm workers and food producers. Within the range of 
possibility of our discovery of the facts, we shall not permit The 
National Farm School to be used as a refuge for boys seeking to 
evade the Selective Service Draft. But as a vital factor in sustaining 
the war effort by increasing food production, we feel justified in seek- 
ing the deferment of our students so long as they continue in the 
School. There has been no federal government interpretation of the 
status of Farm School students as a class, but local boards, in a large 
majority of the cases, have granted limited deferments to our stu- 
dents on the ground of their occupation as food producers. 

We need constantly to keep before the public, the aim of our 
School in order that we may obtain the moral and financial support 
necessary to an institution like ours. As has been stated repeatedly, 
the main purpose of the founder of the School was to provide a place 
where city boys might be removed from congested surroundings and 
trained in scientific and practical agriculture so that they might settle 
on the land and make their contribution as producers rather than as 
consumers. This aim has been constantly and consistently observed. 
The fruits of this education are seen in the activities of our graduates, 
who occupy important and influential positions in federal and state 
governments and in agricultural councils throughout the land. They 



have entered industrial pursuits closely related to their agricultural 
training and have made valuable contributions in development of 
better methods of farming and of animal husbandry, and of market- 
ing farm products. A recent survey of former students, shows that 
approximately one-third of all the graduates of the School are still 
engaged in food production or allied occupations. I doubt that this 
record could be excelled by any institution or by any professional or 
technical group. 

In addition to this outstanding record, it is commonly conceded 
that the type of training given at The National Farm School has 
produced worthy results in preparation for useful citizenship even on 
the part of those who have left the field of agriculture. Many evi- 
dences of this fact are constantly received by the School. 

The very nature and objectives of the School as set up by Dr. 
Krauskopf, the founder, the ideals he envisioned for it will merely 
and certainly mark The National Farm School as a unique institution. 
In the spirit of this ideal, we have through the years, rendered ser- 
vices to the community w^hich go beyond the instruction of our boys. 
After the first World War, our School effectively served the govern- 
ment in rehabilitation of many soldiers wounded in the war and 
whose outlook for future employment was most promising in some 
agricultural specialty. Similarly, through many years, and until the 
enormous industrial development occasioned by the advent of war 
industries, The National Farm School continuously trained students 
w^ho were casualties of industrial accidents and who were sent to us 
by The Pennsylvania State Department of Labor and Industry for 
rehabilitation in some phase of agriculture. This work has ceased 
temporarily only because such persons are today employable in some 
capacity or other in connection with the war effort. State authorities 
know that the School is open for the resumption of this co-operative 
training when and as needed. Only recently we have been in con- 
ference with officials of the United States Veterans Administration, 
indicating the availability of our School to assist in retraining of in- 
jured service men of the present war. These officials know our School 
favorably, and have indicated their desire to utilize our facilities when 
cases warranting this kind of training present themselves for 
consideration. 

Another service which the Farm School has rendered to the 
Federal Government was in the training of about 450 farmers who 
were brought to the School by the Farm Security Administration 
from Kentucky, and were placed here in order to orient them in 
Eastern methods of farming. These men were placed mostly on 

10 







U\ \.*l^ v'^ A ^^ 





farms in Penns}-lvania and in southern New Jersey, wliere it was 
felt by the government they could be of more use as food producers 
than in their former situation in the south. This training continued 
through last winter and spring, and as more men of the same type 
are available, no doubt, will be resumed here at the School in the 
future. Other services rendered by The National Farm School in- 
clude the conduct through last winter of extension courses for 
farmers of the vicinity of the School. These and other adults came 
from a radius of twenty-five miles about, in order particularly to 
take courses in Farm Machinery. In many cases it has been impos- 
sible for farmers to replace their equipment and in order to keep their 
farms in operation it was necessary that they should learn how to 
repair and care for the equipment they already had. Our perform- 
ance along this line is a matter of record in our State Department of 
Education. In a similar way we are preparing now to offer a much 
broader program of corresponding services to the farmers of our 
vicinity during the coming winter. We are planning to add other war 
food production courses so that we may expect many more farmers to 
attend our School in the evenings. These plans are made in co-opera- 
tion with the Pennsylvania State Department of Public Instruction. 
We contemplate giving courses after the harvest which will treat such 
subjects as Animal Husbandry; Dairying; Poultrying; Care, Treat- 
ment, and Uses of Soil; Planting, Cultivation and Harvesting Field 
Crops; Vegetable Gardening; in fact, any agricultural subject for 
which there is a local demand. In addition to this we expect to offer 
more specific services to the farmers of the community, such as soil 
analysis; milk analysis, and the like. 

An outstanding service which The National Farm School ren- 
dered during the past spring and summer, was the establishment in 
Philadelphia and vicinity of three demonstration Victory Gardens. 
We felt that the Farm School was better equipped than most institu- 
tions to educate the public in what was bound to be a popular move 
for home food production. We knew that the communities could not 
all come to the Farm School to learn how to conduct Victory Gardens 
so we made it our business to take the Victory Gardens to the people. 
One of these demonstration gardens was located on the Parkway, 
opposite the Board of Public Education in Philadelphia; one was at 
Sixty-ninth and Chestnut Streets in Upper Darby, and one on the lot 
adjoining the Strawbridge & Clothier Store in Jenkintown. The 
opening of these gardens was preceded by a series of forums in each 
general location, and talks were given by members of the School stafT 
on the afternoon and evening of four days at the end of March. 

12 



Thousands of people visited these projects during the summer. 
Some of the gardens were ably assisted by troops of the Boy 
Scouts of America. The product of these demonstration Victory 
Gardens in every way justified our operating them as another form 
of public service. We feel that we have in this respect made a real 
contribution to the food production knowledge of average house- 
holders who had no idea of how to proceed in such a matter. Pamph- 
lets answering questions of all kinds with respect to this summer 
project were printed by the School and distributed by the thousands. 

The Farm School is prepared to sponsor such gardens again next 
year if the expense of operating them can be provided from outside 
sources, as is probable in several cases at least. 

We look forward to the time when The National Farm School 
will become the real center of agricultural life for this section of 
Pennsylvania when farmers and others will look to the School for 
technical advice and assistance, so that in truth, we may become a 
community service agent. 

In our instructional program we must not only teach the theo- 
retical side but we must also produce in such a way as to demon- 
strate to our students what are the best and most profitable methods 
of production. It is, therefore, essential that at all times, production 
shall be made one of the main objectives. While it is true that we 
are not primarily at work in this institution to produce money- 
making crops, for us to do anything else would mean that we are 
satisfied to teach our students inferior methods of farming. There is 
another side to this rather commercial aspect of food production at 
the School. The National Farm School could not exist on its various 
appropriations, allocations, student fees, and the like unless, in addi- 
tion to that; it could eke out its income by marketing profit-making 
products. Therefore, we are using the profit motive for two impor- 
tant aspects of the operation of this School. I am sure no one will 
take exception to this procedure. It must always be kept in mind that 
tutition is free to all students and that the School depends on con- 
tributions and gifts in addition to the profit on its own crops to make 
it possible to balance its budget. 

Our departments generally have been working to high standards. 
\^^e had during this past season, probably the largest and most profit- 
able crop of peaches the School has ever had. The same is true this 
fall of our crop of apples. There has never been a time when the 
School has produced so large a quantity of hay for the feeding of 
our cattle; in fact, this year we shall have an excess crop so that we 
shall be able to sell some on the market. However, we are not 

13 




Allman Administration and 
Farm Mechanics Building 




satisfied that all ot our depailments ha\'c been picKlucing to the 
niaxiimiin of their capacity, and we are constantly reviewing the 
situation in our executive councils, and with our department heads 
to determine how we can improve production, and consequently 
improve also instructional methods. One oustanding example of our 
efforts along this line is in the program we have adopted to upbreed 
our herd of dairy cattle. We have had good cattle in the past and we 
have been producing good milk. From records of other institutions, 
we believe that by developing a new strain of cattle in our milk herd, 
following a recently developed blood line, we can produce far better 
results. Consequently, we have been purchasing cattle of this par- 
ticular blood line and correspondingly reducing our herd by disposing 
of our poorest milk producers. We believe that with the aid of our 
competent Farms Committee we shall be able to produce more milk 
with fewer cattle, and consequently less labor and less need of certain 
field crops than in the past. It must be understood of course, that 
such herd development has to be a matter of generations of breeding 
so that we may not look for materially improved results in less than 
three to five years. But we are convinced, on the face of the records 
made by this particular blood-line of cattle, that the Farm School 
will profit enormously by making the kind of change we have indi- 
cated. This is perhaps the most significant development in our 
attempt to improve farm conditions that we have made since I have 
assumed the office of President. In a similar way, the School has 
launched a project of breeding its own horses for replacement. For 
this purpose, we have been obtaining the finest work horse material 
.that is available and we already see some results of this fine breeding 
program. There is no doubt that we shall be able to follow relatively 
other important developments in various aspects of our farm 
production. 

During this past year, our greenhouses have been utilized very 
largely for the propagation of vegetable plants, rather than flowers, 
in order that we might thereby help in the enlargement of the food 
program of the community. These plants were used not only to 
provide for our demonstration Victory Garden requirements but 
chiefly to take care of cur own vegetable garden. We produced more 
garden vegetables than has been customary in order that we might 
this year can the vegetables that will be required for use in our own 
dining rooms during the coming winter. Our canning program has 
gene along very satisfactorily so that we have in hand enough of the 
kinds of vegetables we produce to make it unnecessary for us to buy 
any of these articles in the open market. It is likely that the net cost 

15 



of these thousands of cans of vegetables and of some fruits will be 
not much more than half of what we would have to pay for them if 
we had to buy them. 

A new project in Animal Husbandry which has both educational 
and financial value is the institution in December, 1942, of a hog- 
raising project. This was begun with an original investment of $500. 
The cost of operating this part of our plant is almost negligible since 
the feed is provided entirely by using up refuse from our kitchen. At 
present, our project has liquidated the original investment and is 
worth $1500. Our Poultry Department is another highly successful 
venture of the School. It would be meaningless to speak of the num- 
ber of chicks or laying hens or eggs produced, but it is sufficient for 
our purpose to say that our production for comparable conditions 
has been higher than ever in the past. 

The Roadside Market is one of the places where we feel there Is 
plenty of room for improvement. A special sub-committee of our 
Farms Committee has taken in hand the matter of exploring all the 
conditions of such a Roadside Market, and our ability to keep it sup- 
plied with a reasonable variety of products of the School, and at the 
same time make it attractive and profitable. Here again the profit 
motive is secondary to the instructional value of training our pupils 
to prepare their farm products in such a way as to make them reap 
a substantial return. 

The School is seriously affected by the existing war-time condi- 
tions. Our pupilage is about one-half of the capacity of the School 
and this seriously hampers our ability to plant, cultivate and harvest 
all of our crops because of shortage of manpower. It has been neces- 
sary for the School during the past summer and this fall to hire the 
services of a number of persons who under normal conditions of 
pupilage would not be needed at the School. Thus, although our 
pupilage is smaller, our overhead expenses continue to be virtually 
the same with the added necessity of employing persons from the 
outside. These conditions, we trust, will remedy themselves as the 
times again approach more nearly normal. 

Any change of administration in any institution is bound to bring 
with it changes in the actual performance of the institution. Standards 
and points of view differ, and obviously, the incoming administration 
wishes to make conditions conform as nearly as possible with its 
views. Since my induction into the presidency of the School, quite a 
number of changes have been made in personnel, in methods, and In 
other conditions surrounding the School. Still others are in contem- 
plation. The School is fortunate In having had elected to Its Board of 

16 



IVuslces, a mimlici" ol line oiilstaiiclin^ cili/.ciis wiio were known in 
ach'ance lo ha\e a clerinite interest in the kinds of activities belonging 
to a Scii(K)l like this. 'l'he,>e new inenibeis will be a vital force in 
reju\'enatinu the SchooL II to this we aekl the esteem oi our neigh- 
bors and the public at large, the School should be in a position to 
render a good account of itself and of the stewardship of an important 
assignment. 

I do not wish to conclude this report without paying my personal 
tribute to the many friends of the School w^ho have given so gener- 
ously of their time, their services, and their means to help make The 
National Farm School a better School, a School that will deserve the 
esteem and the approbation of the entire community. It is particu- 
larly helpful to me in the newness of my relationship to the School 
to have the expert help which I have been so freely given by well- 
equipped members of the Board of Trustees and of our Alumni 
Association. I wish those persons to know that their help, advice and 
suggestions are always much appreciated. 

Louis Nusbaum, President 




: awr" - 



Krauskopf Memorial Library 




Segal Hall 



FOUNDERS DAY AND HARVEST FESTIVAL 

Forty-sixth Annual Meeting 

October 17, 1943 

The exercises originally planned for the annual celebration of 
Founders Day, traditionally held on the first Sunday of June, were 
combined this year because of war transportation restrictions with 
the Harvest Festival and Forty-sixth Annual Meeting. 

The joint program was held in the Louchheim Auditorium on the 
School grounds on Sunday, October 17, 1943. Included in the cere- 
monies of the day was the annual dedication of festive and memorial 
trees, always a prominent feature of the Founders Day exercises. 
In connection with this part of the ceremonies, a memorial garden 
was dedicated in honor of the late Louis Schlesinger, of Newark, 
New Jersey, who had been chairman of the National Board of the 
School for over fourteen years. There was also a special group of 
three trees dedicated to the memory of the late N. James Mesirow, 
of Philadelphia, while a number of festive trees were designated for 
various occasions of rejoicing. The complete list of those for whom 
trees were named at this occasion will be found elsewhere in this 
book. 

The exercises which opened with a prayer by the Reverend 
George AI. Whitenack, Jr., of Doylestown, Pa., continued as follows: 

Presiding Leon Merz 

Chairman, Board of Trustees 

Address Morris Wolf 

President, Federation of Jewish Charities, Philadelphia 

Address Gabriel Davidson 

Managing Director, Jetvish Agricidtural Society, New York 

Tribute to Founder and Tree Dedication, 

Rabbi D. A. Jessurun Cardozo 
Congregation Mikveh Israel, Philadelphia 

Student Representative Jack Gurewitz 

President, Senior Class 

President's Report • Louis Nusbaum 

President, The National Farm School 

Report of Nominating Committee Edwin H. Silverman 

Chair7nan 

Announcement of Exhibit Awards 

Closing Prayer Rabbi Cardozo 

National Anthem 

Music by Student Band 

Director, Lieutenant Joseph Frankel 

The Farm Products Exhibits of The National Farm School and 
of various Rural Agencies of Bucks County, which had been erected 

19 



in the Louchheim Auditorium, attracted considerable attention and 
much favorable comment. The exhibits comprised both competitive 
and educational showings of farm animals, animal products, fruits, 
vegetables, soils and other scientific displays. 

The following members of the Board of Trustees whose terms of 
office had expired were re-elected for a period of three years: Sydney 
K. Allman, Jr.. Samuel Cooke, Lester M. Goldsmith, W. A. Haines, 
Al Paul Lefton, Albert A. Light, Lee L Robinson, Walter M. Ross- 
kam, Harry H. Rubenstein, Bernard Weinberg and Emanuel 
\\'irkman. 




FORTY-FOURTH ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT 
March 19, 1944 

The forty-fourth annual commencement of The National Farm 
School was held in the Louchheim Auditorium, on the campus, 
Sunda}' afternoon, March 19, 1944. 

The graduation address was delivered by Bertram L. Lutton, 
Supervisor of the Agricultural Program of the Philadelphia Public 
Schools. 

Dr. Louis Nusbaum, President of the School, in his remarks be- 
fore the presentation of the diplomas and awards, referred to the 
decimation of the graduating class of 1944 by the call to selective 
service and by enlistments. He pointed out that students who had 
been obliged to leave the School for these reasons, before completing 
their course, would be eligible to return to the School and resume 
their work after the war. Dr. Nusbaum also spoke of the various 
fields, outside of its regular three-year training program, in which 
the School is using its facilities for the dissemination of agricultural 
information to increase war food production. 

The program of exercises follows : 

Entrance Senior Class 

School Song 

Invocation Rabbi Joseph Klein, Philadelphia 

Welcome Louis Nusbaum, President 

Salutatory Joachim Weis 

Address Bertram L. Lutton 

Supervisor, Agricultural Program, 
Philadelphia, Public Schools 

Selection by Student Band Lieut. Jos. Frankel, Director 

Valedictory Richard H. Kustin 

Passing of the Hoe 

Farewell Message Herman G. Fiesser, Representing the Faculty 

Awarding of Prizes Irwin Klein, Director Student Relations 

Introduction of Graduates. W. 0. Strong, Dean of Agriculture 

Presentation of Diplomas President Nusbaum 

Star Spangled Banner Students and Audience 

THE GRADUATES 

Animal Husbandry and Dairying 

JOACHIM WEIS Allentown, Pa. 

Horticulture 

TUVIJAS GOLDOFTAS Detroit, Mich. 

HARRY H. GRANSBACK Philadelphia, Pa. 

BERNARD KASLOVE Bronx, N. Y. 

MARTIN W. NABUT Bronx, N. Y. 

21 



Poultry Husbandry 

SEYMOUR B. FREED Newark, N. J. 

DAVID W. GOODMAN Long Beach. N. Y. 

JACK GUREWITZ Long Island, N. Y. 

RICHARD H. KUSTIN Philadelphia, Pa. 

JACK W. LIEBER Bronx, N. Y. 

HERBERT A. MOSCA, JR Maplewood, N. J. 

IRVING WALDMAN New York City 

General Agriculture 

RICHARD RABEN Philadelphia, Pa. 

POST GRADUATE 

Animal Husbandry and Dairying 

HERBERT CLAYTON WEISER Brooklyn, N. Y. 

One- Year Student in Dairying 

WILLIAM C. K. JACOB River Edge, N. J. 

PRIZE AWARDS 

Best General Record Through Three-Year Course: 

First Prize Richard H. Kustin 

Second Prize Joachim Weis 

For Outstanding School Citizenship Richard H. Kustin 

For Greatest Improvement and Contribution to 

School Spirit Tuvijas Goldoftas 

Horticulture Prize — Most Capable and Efficient Senior 

in Horticulture Tuvijas Goldoftas 

Poultry Prize — Most Capable and Efficient Senior 

in Poultry Work Ii'ving Waldman 

A number of other prizes are distributed more informally in student 

assembly. 




FESTIVE AND MEMORIAL TREES 

At the Founders Day-Harvest Festival exercises which were held 
at the School on Sunday, October 17, 1943, trees were named and 
dedicated for the following persons. Rabbi D. A. Jessurun Cardozo, 
of Congregation Mikveh Israel, Philadelphia, delivering the address 
of dedication: 

FESTIVE TREES 

William K. Alsbei'g", Philadelphia, Confirmation 

Warren P. Goldburg-h, Philadelphia, Confirmation 

Jerome La Pides, Baltimore, Confirmation 

John Laurence Leopold, Philadelphia, Birth 

Jack B. Makransky, Philadelphia, Confirmation 

Rhoda Pearlman Nagin, Philadelphia, Birth 

Edward Whitehill Rosenbaum, Philadelphia, Confirmation 

Henry Wolfe, Philadelphia, Confirmation 



MEMORIAL TREES 



CALIFORNIA 

Los Angeles 

Mrs. Adolph Weil 
San Francisco 

Mrs. Leon D. Stone 

ILLINOIS 
Chicago 

Albert S. Louer 
Amanda Oppenheimer 

MARYLAND 
Baltimore 

Jennie W. Rosenberg 

MISSISSIPPI 
Jackson 

Eva B. Feibelman 

NEW JERSEY 
Atlantic City 

Mame B. Selig 
Deal 

Leah Groedel 
East Orange 

Joseph Davis 
Island Heights 

Dr. Edward J. Ill 
Newark 

Franklin Conklin, Sr. 

Edward W. Gray 

Frieda Lewis 

Aaron Poliakow 

Ray Puder 

Louis Schlesinger 
South Orange 

William L. J. Fiedler 
Ventnor 

Max Bacharach 



NEW YORK 

New York City 
Polly De Boer 
Rosa De Boer 
Jean Gottesman 
Jane Manner 
Dr. Ira Wile 

OHIO 

Cleveland 
Sinai Klein 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Philadelphia 

Amelia M. Abrahamson 

Miriam S. Bernard 

Dr. Morton Clofine 

Sarah Cohn 

David Coons 

Susannah Dercum 

Bertha Dreifus 

Elinor Eschner 

Mrs. Samuel S. Fels 

Benjamin Goldpaint 

Herman Klonower 

Minnie Lowenstein 

Ida Manheimer 

N. James Mesirow 

Earl B. Putnam 

Grace Williams Tower Putnam 

Miriam Rothkugel 

Ray Rothkugel 

Mrs. Lena Spitzer 

Simon Stern 

Flora G. Weinstock 

Alean G. Winkelman 

Herman Wolf 

Mrs. Henry N. Wessell 

WEST VIRGINIA 
Bluefield 

Ida M. Platnick 



23 





Ulman Dormitories 



RESOLUTIONS 
On the Death of Elias Nusbaum 

The Board of Trustees of The National Farm School at a 
meeting held on Thursday, December 9, 1943, noted with 
sincere regret by a rising silent vote the passing on December 4, 
1943, of 

ELIAS NUSBAUM 

a devoted and active member of the Board for many years. 
He gave freely of his time and his technical knowledge which 
were of great benefit to the School. His fellow Trustees are 
deeply appreciative of his sincere co-operation with them in all 
matters affecting the varied interests of the School. His finely 
developed sense of fairness and justice was conspicuous and was 
a source of admiration to all who knew him. 

Therefore, be it 

RESOLVED, That the Board of Trustees of The National 
Farm School hereby records its sincere regret at the death of 
Elias Nusbaum, and takes this means of expressing its sense of 
loss sustained by the School and by the Board of Trustees as 
individuals, and be it further 

RESOLVED, That an engrossed copy of these resolutions 
be presented to his beloved wife and family and that a tree in 
his memory be planted on the campus. 

COMMITTEE: 

Isidore Baylson 
Maurice Jacobs 
Theodore G. Rich 
Leon Merz, Chairman 



25 



IN MEMORIAM 

During the past year. The National Farm School sustained 
the loss of two of its devoted women workers : 

Mrs. David Frakkel^ a member of the Women's Auxiliary 
Committee for over seventeen years, who served also as that 
Committee's secretary, died on December 4, 1943; 

Mrs. Lillian Abrahamson Bonsall, advertising director 
of the School's Annual Report, passed away on October 22, 
1943. 

The National Farm School takes this means of recording its 
sincere regret and sense of loss in the passing of these two fine 
and useful women. 




THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 
AFTER THE WAR 

The National Farm School along with every other institution 
and agency in the United States has felt the impact of the great war. 
This is as it should be, or the School would not be contributing to the 
winning of the war. 

Now we are concerned with the peace to come. Again The 
National Farm School stands ready to do its utmost in helping to 
bring about a stabilized economic situation. Agriculture in general 
must play an important part in post war conditioning; and our School 
in particular must render specialized service in this field. 

The School offers its services in the retraining and rehabilitation 
of returned service men for whom some form of farm life is indicated 
as a future career. After World War I, The National Farm School 
rendered valuable service in this field of rehabilitation training. It has 
given similar service to hundreds of adults who have been the victims 
of industrial casualties and wdio could prepare for useful careers by 
taking specialized courses at this -School. The material gains to in- 
dividuals and the morale effect on the continuing of such services 
cannot be overestimated. The comforting knowledge that such oppor- 
tunities are obtainable is a relief to many minds. Now the facilities 
of the School are again available to those service men whose bodies 
are mangled or deformed, but who with sympathetically planned 
training in some farm pursuit may be able to take their places in 
the world as useful and independent citizens. 

But this is not the only way that The National Farm School can 
play a part in post war agriculture. More than ever before the world 
will need the services of scientifically and practically trained agricul- 
turists to point the way and to be the leaders in this reconstructional 
field. Not only must our own country's production be put in skillful 
hands, but world wide need of leaders in farm work will be in con- 
stantly increasing demand for a long time to come. The devastated 
areas of the whole world will need skilled direction to help re- 
habilitate the primal necessity of adequate food production. The 
National Farm School, by its outstanding leadership in training men 
for such responsibilities is thus offering its facilities for the after war 
agricultural program. 



27 



ALWAYS . . . 

^^NEW FIELDS TO CONQUER"... 

IN AGRICULTURE 

The development of agricultural information within the past 
twenty-five years has opened new fields of endeavor. World War I 
saw the start of "ersatz" products, a movement which has continued 
in European countries up to the present day. Industrial competition 
and civilian and war demands of World War II have speeded up the 
manufacture of synthetic products in the United States. 

Many of these new products are derived from agricultural crops. 
Such well known examples of new commercial crops are: guayule 
and grains from which synthetic rubber is made; numerous plant 
resins for manufacturing plastics; soy beans for oil and plastics; wood 
pulp for rayon; f^ax for fiber and oils; milk for cloth. Also, many 
established crops like peanut, corn, and cotton are finding new places 
in industrial usage. Besides the synthetic products, many crops for- 
merly grown in European countries are now being grown here. 
Medicinal plants grown chiefly in the South Pacific area are now 
appearing on American farms. Specialty crops like castor beans, 
arrowroot, rapeseed, imported from other countries, are being con- 
sidered for cultivation in the United States. With the wide range of 
climatic and soil conditions to be found in this country and because 
of our well developed mechanized agricultural practices, there are 
unusual possibilities for new crops. 

This newer outlook is a challenge to the enterprising youth of 
today. "New Fields to Conquer" are as many in agriculture as in the 
industrial fields. Farming has a broad scope. To analyze its oppor- 
tunities still further, agriculture can be subdivided into three occupa- 
tional groups: (1) productive farming; (2) agricultural services; and 
(3) educational pursuits. 

Environmental factors and individual personalities will determine 
which occupation to follow. However, for each occupation a practical 
experience and a scientific training in general farming will insure a 
more sound foundation for a successful agricultural career. The 
National Farm School provides this basic training plus specialized 
instruction in productive farming, which refers to all production on 
the farm. The National Farm School is endeavoring to demonstrate 
that almost limitless opportunities lie before the students who have 
the background of training afforded by this School. 

28 



AMONG OUR GRADUATES 

The Jollozvi?ig are a jew of the reports zvhich come to the 
School fro7?i Its sons now 171 military service 

Cited for Meritorious Service 

Major Harry Robertson who graduated from The National Farm 
School in 1932 has been awarded the Legion of Merit by the Presi- 
dent of the United States for exceptionally meritorious conduct in 
the performance of outstanding service while serving as a veterinary 
officer in the Iceland Base Command. Major Robertson's citation 
from President Roosevelt reads: 

"In addition to his military duties, Major Robertson conducted 
extensive tests and research into the diseases of domestic animals 
then prevalent in Iceland, administered preventive inoculation to 
large numbers of cattle, sheep and hogs and advised and assisted 
Icelandic farmers in many ways. 

"As a result of his efforts, the farmers of Iceland have greatly 
benefited, and internal economy of the country has been materially 
improved, thereby advancing the already friendly relationship be- 
tween the people of Iceland and the United States." 

Tells About French Underground 

Three times in his thirty-seven years, John J. Asch who gradu- 
ated from the Farm School in 1926 has gone to France and today as 
a private in the United States Army is looking forward to his fourth 
trip to that country. Private Asch is the son of the brilliant novelist, 
Sholem Asch. 

In a recent letter. Private Asch described many interesting things 
in connection with the French Underground from his own exper- 
iences. He lived through approximately a hundred bombings and on 
one occasion woke up in a first aid station. 

He is a horticulturist by profession. Following his graduation 
from the Farm School, he did considerable work along those lines in 
France and later in Palestine and throughout the near and middle 
East as well as at the citrus experiment station of the University 
of California. 

With his father he assisted in establishing rehabilitation agricul- 
tural schools for the victims of the Nazi blight. Later he was con- 
nected with the foreign service of the L'nited States State Depart- 
ment where a part of his duties consisted in helping to represent 
British interests in France. When recently heard from, he was ready 
to return to France and expected little trouble In getting to where 
he was headed, for the Allied troops were then opening the way. 

30 



A Fighting Marine 

Sergeant Barney Cohen was graduated from The National Farm 
School in 1940 and then took post graduate work in vegetable garden- 
ing and pomology. After the attack at Pearl Harbor, Barney's desire 
to serve his country on the field of battle became so strong, that he 
enlisted in the Alarines. Since then he has taken part in many con- 
flicts, including the Guadalcanal invasion, Tarawa and Saipan. In 
fact, Sergeant Cohen was in the South Pacific war zone for twenty- 
three months. During that time, he contracted malaria, but after 
having been successfully hospitalized, he returned again to the 
combat zone. 

A few weeks ago, Barney visited his Alma Mater while on a 
thirty-day furlough. His principal interest seemed to be in a return 
to Farm School after the war to continue his post graduate course. 
His almost three years of military service seem more than ever to 
have convinced Barney of his desire to follow agriculture as a career. 

In Action with the Bomber Squadrons 

Taking part in the invasion of Africa, Sicily and Italy, Sergeant 
Max A. Sernoffsky has been in constant action against the enemy. 
Max w^as a member of the 1941 graduating class of The National 
Farm School. During his three years at the School, he was not only 
a fine student but an outstanding athlete. 

Frequent letters recei\'ed from Sergeant Sernoffsky express his 
concern with post war conditions. Recently, he wrote: 

'T will, as soon as possible after my return to the States, go to 
Farm School and make arrangements to take a post graduate course 
so that after the war I may continue in farmmg.*' 

Killed in Action Over Germany 

A letter from the father of M. Clyde Maxton, a graduate of the 
class of 1933, informed the School of Clyde's death in action over 
Germany on January 5, 1944. The letter continues: 

"He (Clyde) was a Staff Sergeant stationed in England. He was 
first engineer and top turret gunner on a B-24 liberator bomber. This 

32 



fatal day there were 15UU planes bombing Germany and his was one 
of the tift>"-nine that failed to return. 

''He was proud of }'our school and his school and expressed his 
desire to return to \'isit the School after the war. 

"^^ e ha\"e three other sons in the Army and Xavy." 

''Clyde was a fine young man and had lots of friends. The train- 
ing he received while at The National Farm School contributed much 
to his success in business and also in making a fine citizen and soldier. 

"I will do my best to interest suitable students in your School that 
meet the requirements.'' 

Other casualties among graduates and former students are: 

Alfred A. Savino. accidentally killed while in training. Theodore 
Lewis, killed in action at Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941. Alfred 
Koslan. missing in action. Alaurice Doerfler. missinR in action. 




ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

Annual Meeting 

The Alumni Association of The National Farm School held its 
Annual Reunion at the School on July 1 and 2. The theme of all of 
the sessions was how the alumni as a body and as individuals could 
best assist in the welfare and progress of their Alma Mater. The 
outlook seemed to be encouraging for increasing the interest and 
activities of the association when the more than 360 alumni now in 
military service return at the end of the war. 

The following were elected as the Alumni Association official 
family for 1944-45: 

President Fred Weigle 

First Vice-President Kenneth B. Mayer 

Second Vice-President Sidney Brunwasser 

Third Vice-President Benjamin Gartner 

Fourth Vice-President Carl Schiff 

Fifth Vice-President Archie Toffler 

Secretary and Treasurer Samuel B. Sa:\iuels 

Steward of Alumni House Solomon Soskin 

Alumni Foundation 

The Annual Meeting of The National Farm School Alumni 
Foundation was held on July 2. This foundation administers a fund 
contributed by the Alumni, which now totals more than ^8000. The 
purpose of the fund is to make available certain sums for needs 
pertaining to the welfare of the Alumni Association, the School or any 
of the alumni for agricultural purposes. 

The following officers were elected for 1944-45: 

President Samuel Golden 

Vice-President Alex Burchuk 

Treasurer Morris R. Blackman 

Secretary Samuel B. Samuels 



34 




W^ii&ji.- 









WHO CAN 
ENTER? 



WHAT DOES 
IT OFFER? 



Often we are asked : 

"Why should a boy go to The National Farm School?" 

"Why should he not go to a rural agricultural high school?" 

"Why should he not go to a state college of agriculture?" 

It is true these institutions all teach agriculture. The choice must be 
made on the basis of individual background and objectives. The National 
Farm School is unique in that its procedures are designed primarily for 
giving a scientific and practical training in agriculture to boys raised in 
city environments and with city associations and concepts. Boys raised 
in rural or suburban surroundings make excellent students at this School, 
but most of the students come from the cities, and, therefore, require a 
different kind of treatment. It is this difference that marks The National 
Farm School as apart from other Schools having the same general objec- 
tives. We have heard some of our instructors say, "I would have been a 
better college student of agriculture if I had had some preliminary train- 
ing at Farm School." 

The fact that students live, study and work at the School for three 
full years gives an orientation in agriculture that can be acquired in 
very few institutions. The National Farm School is not in competition 
with either agricultural high schools or agricultural colleges. Its academic 
instruction covers completely the fields of operation of its practical work. 
General and cultural high school and college studies are not included in 
the curriculum. Thus, while certain subjects, as in the sciences, are 
treated even on a college level, other subjects are omitted. 

In normal times, the minimum age of admission is seventeen years 
and preference is given to high school graduates. War time conditions 
and selective service draft requirements have made it desirable to lower 
the admission age to fifteen years, and to accept applicants who give 
promise of being able to meet the academic requirements of the School. 
Candidates for admission must be in sound health, of good character and 
indicate a sincere interest in rural life. 

The regular course of training requires three years. Special one-year 
courses are also offered. The School year operates from April to April. 
Students are admitted from April 1 to July 1. There is no tuition charge. 
Liberal maintenance scholarships are available. Incidental fees are 
nominal. 

Those interested are urged to visit the School for further information 
or to write for a catalog. 



36 



The National Farm School 
hereby expresses sincere appreciation to 
generous friends whose contributions made 
possible the pubhcation of this Annual 
Report without cost to the School. 



THE NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL 

FARM SCHOOL, BUCKS COUNTY, 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Membership of The National Farm School 
Date 



I, the undersigned, being in sympathy with the object of The National 
Farm School — the training of youth in the science and practice of agri- 
culture — do hereby agree to subscribe as one of the maintainers of the 

institution the sum of dollars annually. 

Name 



Benefactor . . 


. $100 


Friend 


50 


Patron 


. . 25 


Member . . . . 


10 


Supporter . . . 


5 



Address 

Make checks payable to The National Farm School 



Form of Legacy to The National Farm School 

"I give and bequeath unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa., 

near Doylestoivn, the sum of dollars 

free from all taxes to be paid to the Treasurer, for the time being, for the 
use of the institution." 



Form of Devise 

ON REAL ESTATE OR GROUND RENT 

"/ give and devise unto The National Farm School, Bucks County, Pa., 
near Doylestown (here describe the property or ground rent), together with 
the ap^nirtenances, in fee simple, and all policies of insurance covering said 
premises, whether fire, title or otherwise, free from all taxes." 



A donation or bequest of $10,000.00 will found a perpetual scholar- 
ship, the income from which will go toward maintaining one student each 
year; such scholarship may bear the name of the donor or such names 
as the donor may designate. A donation of $900.00 will provide instruction, 
board and room of a student for one year (a twelve-month term) ; $2,700.00, 
for three years (thirty-six months) to graduation. 



Gifts to The National Farm School in Cash, War Bonds and 
War Savings Stamps Are Allowable Income Tax Deductions 



39 




THIS MAP SHOWS LOCATION OF SCHOOL AND HOW IT MAY BE 
REACHED BY AUTOMOBILE AND TRAIN 

(Reading Railroad trains, operating bettveen Philadelphia and Doylestown, stop 
at Farm School station, directly on the grounds of the bchool.J 

40