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Sakah Saunders Smith. 




iH-' TIIK 





Sarah Saunders Smith. 



Washington, D. C. 




Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1807. 
by Sarah Saunders Smith, in the office of the Librarian of 
Congress at Washington, D. C. 




Saindehs. Gexeoi,o<;y and Lineal Descendants, 
















SlIATTOCK, itc, etc., . . . . . 

Fiust Ciuhch, Salem— Its Covenant, 

St. Pktkk's CiirucH (Its Foumlers,) 

TiiK WiTCiiCRAi-T Craze (Its Victims), 

Organiz.\tion of Provincial Congress, (Delegates) 

Battle ok Lexington (List of killed), 

Salisbury (Its Founders), . . . . 

Map ok Sale.m, ..... 



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. lor. 

. 199 

. 211 

. 2ol 


. 331 

. 349 

. 354 

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. 82 

. 218 

. 270 









I )E Die AT EI). 


1714 Connecticut Ave., 

WasliiiifTton. I). C. 

June 1897. 

'"Vhv Puritans, wcit iiirii whose niiiids haii ilcriviMl a iieculiar <'liarai.-t('r fvdiii 
the daily eoiiteiniiiation nf suiierior beinss and etiTiial interests. Not content with 
ackii(>wled;iiny in general terms an ever rulini;- Providence, they liabitually aseribeil 
every event to the will uf the Great Bein«-, for whose itower iiotliinK was t(.i(.) vast. 
for wliose inspection nothing,' was too minute. To know him, to serve him. to en- 
.joy him. was witli them the sreat end of existance. They re.jected with contempt 
the ernjuious homat^e which other sects substituted for the pure worship of the 
soul. . . The Puritan was nuide up of two <liffei'ent men,— the one all self-abase- 
ment. i)enitcnt. ;;ratitude. passion ; the other i)roud, c;alm, inflexible, and sa,i;acious."' 

LoKU Macai'lev. 


In oircring this book to tlie puhlic, tlie uutljor wishes. liiroiiiili tliis 
medium, to exjn-ess h^r most grateful acknowioilgements to tlie many 
friends who have most cordiall_v assisted her in this research. Tlie idea was 
first germinated througii the perusal of many old and musty papers, deeds, 
wills, commissions and records, most carefully preserved by tlu; heirs of 
the trustees of the different lines mentioned, hence the combination of fam 
ilies, in their different lineal lines : each so interwoven witli the other, and 
eacli one tlic record of the lineal ancestry of tlie first. The records of riic 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, of the Court, State, and the Church have fur- 
nished the connecting links, and the faithful researcli of the good Vicar of 
Downton Parisli, England, completes the history. To him the autlu-rowes 
so much, tiiat she takes tlie liberty to give here a portion of liis kind letters, 
that those most interested may share her gratitude and acknowledgements. 

Df.c. 21, ISOC, I 

Downton Vicarage, SAi.isiiURY. ^ 
.Mv Dkak .Madam: — 

At length I am able to give )'oii .some answer to your enquiry respect- 
ing the records of the Sanders family at " Weeke," in this parisii. I was 
away from home at the time, but I have now had time to investigate tlic 
registers. It is a very laborious matter to extract from these old books, 
and this one is the oldest we have, beginning 1(502. I have given you all 
the entries of Sanders in the book from 1002 to ]C^^^(]. You will see tliat 
there must have been several families of Saunders or Sanders, but tiiosc; 
that seem obviously connected witii yours I have marked witli n^l ink 
John, l)orn 1013, may liave been the one who came out to America in 

John Saunders of Weeke married Alice, who died in 100!». He was 
marrie,d again to another Ales in 1010, (see record,) a son. Jolm, being born 

The description John Saunders of Weeke no doubt indicates that in- 
was a man of position. Weeke, or Wick, as it is now called, is a handct 
in this parish. There were his old farm houses, substantial ami of inipoii 
ance, one now liaving been jMillcd down to give ])hic(' to a largiT liouse. 1 
can give you no more information, but you might apply to the Registrar 

8 Preface. 

;it SonuMsct House for the probate of wills of that date : and there arc 
ollices, siicii as the Herald's ollice in London, which ■wo\dd tell you if the 
Saunders family bore as erest an elejihant's or a lioar's head. 

1 remain \'onrs faithfully, 

A. D. Hill. 

June 3. 1897. \ 


I)i:ai! ^Iadam; — 

Pray pardon my delay in answering your letter asking for some photo- 
graphs. I now send you two of the church, and one showing you the front 
of the Wick (Weeke) farm house. "■• * It may intei-est you to know that 
the two arches in the church picture nearest to you are 700 years old ; the 
ue.\t two uj) to the pulpit, and the chancel arches are over 600 years old. 
In the external view of the church the porch and south side were somewhat 
newly repaired and moderui/.c^d last century, and the present pinacles of 
the tower date from the same time. With the photographs I send a copy 
of the parish magazine, which may interest you. 

Yours faithful! V, 

" A.. D. IIlLL. 

(Note.— In coiiyinc: from the oriciiinl records tlio author has endeavored to most 
earefully follow tlie orisin;il spoUiiiir.) 




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The name Saunders is of (Tennan extraction ;iii<l generally 
derived from llohert, Lord of Insprnnk in Germany, who was 
second brother of Ranihtlph, Lord of Hahspurcje, who became 
Emperoi-, whose successors became tlie Arch Dukes of .\u!-tiia. 
Princes and Kin^-s, of many countries, as our ancient and au- 
thentic annals give an account: transcripts of wln'cli have been 
carefully transmitted and preserved li)ieal]y to desceiulants. 
The first of this name of Saunders came to England al)out the 
year 11 7<', deriving his pedigree from Robert, Lord of L)s- 
pi-uid-;. who l)egat (Charles, who l)egat Charles junior, who begat 
David, who l)egat Rol)ert, who begat Euda. who begat Saunders 
by Annulla, daughter of Ilebc, then Prince of Denmark; the- 
said Saunders was the first of his family surnamed Saunders, 
who begat Harlowen Saunders, who came into England in or 
about the year 1170, A. D., and married Marianna, daughter 
of Sir Edward Marsh, who was lineally derived I'loni tiie 
Saxon race; and the line (continues as follows: J3y the eldest 
son, viz: Sir Harlowen, Sir Robert, Sir Charles, Sir P^dward, 
Sir Robert, Sir Richard, Edward, Rol)ert, Harlowen, Robert, 
Cliarles, Robert, Harlowen, Richard, Es(]., Robert, Esq., Rich, 
ard, Es(p, Robert, Esq., who served in the army under Oliver 
Cromwell in all his wars. It is ])resumed that .lohn and 
William and Richard, Es(j., were brothers at Downton Parish 
at this time: John of Weeke, William of Plaitford, and Sir 
Richard of llampworth. From a copy of the earliest book, 
now in existance of that Parisii dated 1002, we have approved 
births, iriarriages and deaths of this family, ami fiom lloar\s 
liistory of AV'^iltsiiire, we gleam the sad disrui>tion of the 
family: in the persecution of Sir iiichard Saunders, as also of 

lO Founders of MdHsarlnisetts Hay (^oloni/. 

the Coles faiiiilv at Uarford, in the (lis-iillowiiiy; of their arms, 
and confiscation of their property. That these families were 
prominent during' the reign of Cromwell, and incurred the 
enmity of the Crown, is apparent from their emigration to 
America, in so large and influential a body. 

The ahove line of the family of Saunders, hears as their 
])atenial coat ai'mor : 

Argent a chevron hetween three elephants: Erased lSal)le; 
Ropes between two plates and for his crest, on a helmet l)efit- 
ting his degree, "An Elephant's PIead," issuing out of a 
crown mural. Argent charged with an Agress, moutli Gules, 
double argent. Motto, Genitnra Secrodere Mundo. 

Saundem. 1 1 


Robert Sandys (Sanders) of St. Briers, in Cumberland, 1339. 
lic'iixn of Henry IV. father of Jolm Sandys, of Furnace Falls, 
in J^ancastshire, whose son and heir 

AViLLiAM Sandys was father of 

WiLLTAM of Hawkeshead wIki married 

Margaret, dau<2;liter and heir of William Rawson, 

William Sandys father of 

George Sandys, citizen of London, who married 

Margaret, daughter of John Dixon, father of 

Edw^yn Sandys an eminent divine in the time of 

Elizabeth; and in succession 155'J. He was 

Jiishop of Worcester 1560 

]jishop of London 1567 and later Bishop of Winchester, 

Arch Bishop of York. 

Di;. Saxkvs was educated at Cambrid<^e, was vice chancellor 
of the university at the decease of Edward A^I, when by order 
of the Duke of Northumberland he preached a<4-ainst (^ueen 
Mary; for this he was thrown into prison, but subsequently 
was jjardoned. lie died in 1588. 

His Grace married Cecelia, daughter of Thomas WiU'ord, 
Esq., of Cran brook, Kent. 

Siii Edwin, second son of Dr. Sandys, received honor of 
knighthood from King James first, was a leading man in paili- 
mentary affairs; well versed in business, an excellent patriot in 
defense of wdiich speaking to boldly he was thrown into prison 
January 16, 1612 until July 18, when he was liberated, lie 
was treasurer of the undertakers for the western plantations 
(New England) which he effectually advanced. He was 
ol)liged to Hee the country in l()2s. While in Paris, 16»2i), he 
wrote "Euro])ean S])eculation." He h'ft L'15<hi \n the Uni- 

12 Founders of ^laasacJiUnetlx Bay Colonij. 

versity of Oxford, uiid died in l<i21l. Tie was buried in the 
church of Northbouriie. 

Sir Edwin Sandys married Margaret, daughter of John 
Eveleigh of Devonshire; among his children were 


-Edwin — heir, 

■^Richard, who purcliased Downhall and who was like his 
brother, a Colonel in the Parlimentary Army. 

Richard married Hester, daughter of Edwin Archer, second 
son of Anthony Archer, Esq., of Bourne. 

Sir Edwin Sandys, the heir, received a mortal wound at the 
battle of Worcestei- 161:2. 

Sir Richard Sandy'S, who married Mary, daughter of Sir 
Henry He3'man Baronet, was killed l)y a fouling piece acci- 
dentally by his son, while ])Mssing over a bridge in 16()9. 

Sir Richard Sandys, Es(|., of NorthI)ourne Court, who was 
baronet 15 Dec. 16s4, married first Miss Ward, daughter and 
heir of Brebandai'y Ward of Salisbury, and secondly 
Mary, daughter and co-heir of Sii' Francis RoUe Knt, of Bee- 
ton, in County of Devonshire. His daughter, Anue, married 
Charles Pycott, Esq of St. Marty us. 

Rriscilla married Hern-y Sanders, of Downhall. and she 
conveyed to him the estate of Northboui'ue Court, which 
passed to their son and heir, Richard Sanders, Esc]., of North- 
bourne Court, whose grand daughter became eventually co-co- 
heirs of the line, namely: 

Catherine Sanders, wife of Capt. John Chessbyre, R. N. 

Alieca Arabella Sanders became wife of Francis, the son 
of Sir James Cockburne, baronet of Langton. 

Arthur and Henry^ sons of Sir Edwin, settled in the New 
England colonies. Arthur received a i^-rant the 23d of the loth 
month, 1738, at the general town meeting at Salem, Mass. 

Henry Sanders, son of Sir Edwin, came to the Colony in 
1633 from Reading Berks, received grant of land at Boxford, 
Mass., in 1651, of 200 acres. He came to the Colony 1633 
with Syl)ill his wife — had son Swnotiel^ l)orn at Rowley 20-4- 
1630. From the family records of the Bible of Arch Bishop 

iS(lUn(/'/:\\ i;] 

Sunders (Sauiiilers) at Suli^lniry, Eiiylaiid, we tltid that Geur<ij(5 
Sandei's, brother of Ili'iirv. was born day-March at (5 o'clock 
in tlie iiKiriiiui;- l")?!. Ilr was secretary of the Vlr«i;iiiia Colo- 
ny. He died in En<flaiid at the h(»nie of his neice, the widow 
of Governor Wyatt. The (iod fathers of George Sanders 
were George Earle of (Jniiiberniand and William Loi'd Ever. 
His God mother was Catherine Countess of lluntiniiton. lie 
died at the age of 00 years. In the registrary of llexley Abbey 
is tlie entry Georgius Sandys, Pactorum Anglorum, 7 Stilo 
Anglic Anno Dom 1043. — {Burkes Ueraldnj). 

"In the hundred of Dunworth Edward I. in the 22nd year 
granted to tlie iVhbys a free warrant t^) the manor and demeans 
at Duidiead. On the surrender of the possessions of the 
Al)bess of Shaftsbury. Es(j., by Elizabath Souch or Touch, the 
last Abbess, King Henry A'lII in the 36 year of his Reign, 
granted to Sir Thomas Arundel and Henry Sanders, liis 
Lordshij). The manor of Dnnhead, alias Dunhead Mary and 
x\ndrew, with the advowsens of the churches there, and all his 
wood and lands called Firth, containing 25 acres in Dunhead. 
St. Andrews, and St. Marys Charleton and Combe;, in the com- 
mon called Feme. Land to h(dd to the said Thomas Arundel 
and Henry Sanders, and to their heirs use, etc. — {Iloare's His- 
tory W'dtz):' 

"In the Pedigree of Dnncond) of l>ai-ford, afterward Lord 
Feversham of i\c'iit, and Banm (A Downton County of Wl/tz, 
we find Thomas seccjiid son of Thomas born August 7, 1531, 
married to Isabel, daughter of Sii- Thomas Saunders of Amer- 
sham, C(Minty l>ucks." 

14 luyandcrs of Mast^acJiutietU Bay Colony. 

TiJE Pkdigkee of DuNcoMiiE, Aftekwaki) Lokd Feveksiiam 
OF Kent, and Bakon of Downtown, County Wiltz. 

Tji()^[as Duncomi?, County of Bucks, August 7, 1531, married 
Jo;ine, will dated 2(» September, 1538. lie had two children. 

William, his son, married first, Mary, daughter and heir of 
Richard Iveynes, third son of Sir Jolm Reynes. She died 1576. 

Second wife was Alice, daughter of Whilton of Oxfordshire. 

Thomas, second son hy wife Mary, married Isaljel. daughter 
of Thomas Saunders of Amersham, County Bucks. 

William, son hy second wife, Alice, married Ellen, daughter 
of William Saunders of Peltesgrave, County Beds. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Isabel, baptized 1582, married 
second Anne, daughter of Robert Buber of Kensworth, County 

Willia:m Duncomhe, second son and heir of Thomas and 
Isabel, married Elizabeth, daughter of William Childs of Ches- 
ham, County Burks. 

Maky, daughter of William Duncome and Elizabeth, married 
Thomas Brown, Es(p, of L(jndon. lie was Receiver General 
of tlio Excise and took the name of Uuncombe. 

Their daughter, Mary Duncombe, married John Cambell, 
Duke of Argyle and Greenwich. 

Their son, Thomas Duncombe, married Lady Diana Howard, 
daughter of Henry 4th, Earl of Carlisle, K. G. This Thomas 
succeeded to Barford on the death of Anthony, Lord Fever- 
sham, in 1763. He died November 25, 1779. Barford was 
the home of the Coles familj^, who emigrated to America with 
J(,)hn Sanders. 

Their daughter, A.nne Duncombe, heiress of Barford, Weeke 
and Hainpworth, married Robert Shafto of Whitworth, County 
Durham, and of Barford, Weeke and Hampworth, County 
Wiltz. He was member of Parliament from County of Durham 
and for Downton, County Wiltz. 








Saundem. 1 5 

RonKRT Eden DuN'coMHKSirAFTOof Harford and Ilaiiipwortli, 
County Wiltz, memher of Parlaiinent for the city of Dinliaiii, 
1804, marriofl J)orot!iy, dauiihter of Sir John Eden of Wind 
Icston, County Durham, I'.art. Durham, 18*i4. 

Their son and heir, Robert Duncomije Shafto, born i^<MJ. 

2. JouN Dunuomue Shafto, l)orn 1S07. 

3. TnoMAS DrNooMRE Shafto, horn IMl. 

A. EuEDERioK W 1 1. MAM DuNcoMBE Shafto, l)orn 1812. 

5. Slingsby Duncombe Shafto, born 1814. 

"In direct line of William Buncombe, (son of Tliomas Dun- 
combe and second wife Alice,) who married Ellen, daui;hterof 
William Saunders of Peltesgrave, County Beds, we have : 

Anthony Duncombe, Member of Parliament for New Salem 
and Downton. He was created Lord Feversham. Baron of 
Downton, by [)atent dated June 13, 1747 ; died Juno 18, 17f')3. 
He married the Hon. Margaret Verney, daughter of George, 
Lord Willoughby de l>roke, and died 9 October, 1755, aged 59. 

Anthony Dun(;omi5E, Member of Parliament for lleyden. 
County York, died A[)ril 14, 1708; married J;me, eldest 
daughter of Hon. Fred Cornwallis, first son of Fred, Lord (yorn- 
wallis, of Eye. Hamptworth, an extensive portion of the tith- 
ing of Downton, formerly in the family of Sir Ilichard Sand 
ers, was devised with Barf(jrd to Antony, Lord P'eversham." 
These possessions to-day are a part of the great estates belong- 
iuir to the Earl of Radnor, who is a descendant of Jacob, Earl 
of Radnor, who married the Hon. Anne Duncombe, youngest 
daughter and heir to Anthony, Lord Feversham. 

The Parisu oe Downton, County of Wii.t/, Engi.anu. 

The name of this p irish appears to be derived from the Saxon 
<lunc,(downwards,) a town, describing its situation in the valley 
of the Avon, immediately below the ridge of high land whicii 
overhangs to eastern extremity. (Jamden. in his account of 
Wiltshire, names this place Dunet(jn or Donketoii. and it is so 

10 Founders of Man.sachusetts Bay Colony. 

wronj^ly spelfc occiisioiially. In Domesday ]>ook it is written 
Dunton, and the same word occurs in the thirty-one years of 
Henry VIII. The proper spellirify of tlie word in lOOO was 
Downton. In ti-acirii:; tlie liistory of the manor of Downton 
we may ascend withont difficulty by the aid of authentic docn- 
ments from the present day to the conquest, and ascertain that 
it has been held by the Bishops of Winchester, or lessees under 
them, from that period. To ascei'tain the original extent of 
tlie episcopal possessions here would l»e impossible, Init the 
present irregular form of the hundred and itsjiortions, scattered 
like frairments over intervenini>; districts, may in some instances 
indicate the wide range of territory which the ])rofnse munifi- 
cence of the Saxon princes, in the zeal of recent conversion, 
attached to this foundation. That Downton was a station of 
importance at an early period of our history is certain. Near 
the western bonnds of this country (Hants) runs the gentle 
stream of the Avon, which, as soon as it enters into Hampshire, 
meets with the ford of Cerdick, formerly called Cerdichesford, 
aftervvanl Cerdeford, and by contraction Chard ford, from Cer- 
dick, meaning a valient Saxon. ((Jamdon'a P)rittannia by Gib- 
son ; ed. 1005, p. 114.) Adjoining this portion of the Parish 
toward the New Forest, lie the Franchises of Hemptworth, 
Barford, and on the western side of the river, Weeke, a tract 
attached to the see of Winchester. 

Hemptworth was in possession of Sir Richard Saunders, son 
and heir to Sii- Edwin. He also became owner of Downhall, 
in this parish. He married Hester, daughter of Edwin Archer, 
Esq., of Bonrne. He was a colonel in the pai'liamentary army. 
His arms were disallowed 1023. Barford at one time was in 
the family of Coles, whose danghter, Alice, nuirricd John 
Saunders of Weeke, but was purchased by Sir Charles Dun- 
combe in lOOO of -Fohn Chaplin, Esq., and at the deatli of Sir 
Charles, passed l)y will to Anthony Duncombe, Esqr., who in 
1747 was created Lord Feversham and baron of Downton. He 
lived at Barford with considerable splendor, and in tiie exer- 
cise of great hosj)itality, and was a distingnishcd member of 
the circles of wit and fashion of his time." — (Iloare.) 

Saunders. 17 

In 17:^7 Aiitlioiiy Diinconibo re[>i'eseiittHl Dowutnii in ji;ii-- 
liauK'nt until ho was raist'd to tlio Peerai;e. 

" Wecke" simply signified a }>lacc of residence and e(mi|>risc;d 
a tract of many acres. This tract, or a portion of it, was in 
possession of the family of John Sanders, and through the inar- 
riage of Thomas, second son of Thomas Dnncftmbe, to Isabel, 
danghtiM- of Thomas Saunders of Amershaiii, Ihicks County, 
and till' mai'riage of William Duncombe, son of Thomas Dun- 
cond>t' by second wife, to Ellen Saunders, daughter of William 
Saunders of Peltesgrave, Count}^ Beds, became in possession of 
the family of Duncombe, of whom Anthony, Lord Feversham, 
was a descendant. In the last century it was purchased of the 
trustees of this estate by Jacob, Earl of liadnor, and is now the 
proj)erty of the present earl. " Weeke " formerly possessed a 
chapel subordinate to the mother church, but no part of it re- 
mains now. 

Thus we find the family of Sanders, Saunders, one of im- 
portance and position in the Parish of Downton, County of 
Wiltz, in old Englaml in the years 1500 — 1000. John Saunders, 
the ancestor of this genealogy, came to New England 102n, 
returned to England 102:5. Revisited the colony 1«;30-1038- 
1G30. He remained in New England as a place of residence, 
though often visiting the mother country, until his death, in 
1070, at OS years of age. His will, probated 10 2 107(», men- 
tions himself as " I, John Sanders of Weeke, in ye parish of 
JJownton, in ye county of Wiltz, in Old England.'' 

His will was sealed with the crest of the Saunders arms, the 
inipres.-of wiiicli is still visible, vis: an elephant's head, side view. 

Four miles from Northampton, on the turnpike road to 
Leicester, through Wilford, is the Priory of St. Andrews, which 
was acceeded to Sir Thomas Arundel and Sir Henry Sanders. 
The principal land-holders in 1533 were: — 


John d(; Monseacuto. 

Prior Hosi)ital St. John Jesus. 

Laurence Saunders. 

I'i-iii(ri])al Landholder or Tenant in Caivete 

Doiin Robert Dryer Capt. February 2<» 1533 — 

18 Founders of Massac/tusetts Baij Colony. 

Tlins we find at tlie Priory of St. Andrews Rev. Laurence 
Saunders one of the principal Land owners and tenants in 
rio'lit of (probably) his ancestor Henry Sanders. 

The descendants of Capt. Rol)ert Dryer sought refuge in the 
new world, at the time that a large family of Saunders also 
enn'grated. It does not seem amiss to place here a short sketch 
of what perhaps may liave been the original cause of the imi- 
gration of so large and influential a family to America. 

In searching for facts concerning the history of the Saunders 
family in England, the life and martyrdom of Laurence Saun- 
ders has impressed me with the fact that he was most closely 
connected with the family of the Bishop of York. Fox in his 
history of English Martyrs describes him, "as of St. Andrew 
Priory, where his mother, a widow of gentle blood had posses- 
sions." From this history we quote the following: 

"Laurence Saunders came of a family, infiuential, and of 
gentle blood. He was born al)out the year 15L5, was one of a 
large family, receiving a most liberal education. He was first 
sent to Eaton, and from there, according to the rules of the 
foundation, he was sent to King's college at Cambridge, where 
he studied very hard for three years, making great progress in 
the different branches of learning, then taught in the schools. 
At the end of three years he fancied he would like a commer- 
cial life; and his mother, tlK^n a widow, was prevailed upon to 
place him with a friend of hers, Sir William Chester a I'ich 
merchant of London, and who was afterwards sheriff of that 
city. Commercial life in London was not to his taste after all; 
he became so weary of it and his despondency was so noticable, 
that Sir William became very solicitous for his health ; and soon 
learning the cause, kindly gave him his liberty and he returned 
to iiis mother. 

He soon returned to Caml^ridge ao-ain and so devoted him- 
self to scriptural studies, that in the beginning of King Ed- 
wards reign, when the true religion began to be countenanced, 
he entered his orders, and preached with great success. He 
was first appointed at Frothesingham and afterwards became a 
preacher at Litchfield. He was much loved and I'espected, not 

/Sai/fidi/:^. lit 

only tV»r his sweetness of temper and kiiuwled^e of liis profes- 
siuii but also for his eloijueiit iiiaiiiiei' of uddressiiij^ his hearers, 
and the lionesty he ilis[)hiyed in his sincerity of thuui;lit. 

His next cull was at .MhaUows in Jhoad street, London 
King Edward died, and Mary becoming (^ueen issued a procla. 
nuition, "commanding all subjects to attend mass." 

Many pious ministers refused to obey, and none were more 
pronounced than Kev. Lawrence Saunders. Soon however, his 
sui)ornation became marked, and he was privately advised to 
Hee; this he would not do During a conversation with Sir 
John Mordant, ])rivy counciller to Queen Mary he was asked 
"where he was going," his reply was, "to Broad street to in- 
struct my people" and when being advised not to ])reach. his 
re|>ly was "how then shall I be accountable to God?" 

The following Sunday he preached to his j)et>j>le upon the 
errors of l*opeiy. lleexhuited them to hold themselves stead- 
fast in the ti'utli. His discourse was eloquent and impassioned, 
but he felt his doom though the morning passed without 
arrest; but in the afternoon an otlicer apjirehended him and 
Sir John Mordant <rave evidence ao;ainst him. This was in the 
second year of the reign of (^ueen Mary, A. D., 1555. He 
was examined by the Bishop, and exhorted to retract his asser- 
tions, l)Ut he was firm, and steadfast in his belief, and was re- 
manded to prison after a short examiiuition, being told that iu' 
was a mad man without reason. 

He remained in ]Mison a year and three months; during this 
time he wrote many letters to tlevine persons, who later 
sulfered martyrdom like himself. To his wife he wrote, "that 
she must not consider him any more longer as her husl^and in 
this world, but that he hoped to spend an eternity with her in 
Heaven. That the blessing of everlasting coveiumt could only 
be insured to believers in conse<|uence of the death of Christ, 
and that the firm j)ersnasion of the resurrection of our Redeemer 
was the means contrived by inlinate wisdom in order to bring 
us to a state of happiness." 

He was conlincd in Marshalsea [)rison. No one was allowed 
to converse with him. though his wife was permitted to enter 

20 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

the prison, uiul liis child Samuel suffered to l)e [)laced in his 
iirins. Mr. Saunders rejoiced at seeing his child, and said to 
the hj-standei-s, " what man fearing God would not lose his lite 
sooner than have it said, that the mother of such a child was a 

lie was awiin <i"iven an examination, but had foilitude to de- 
clare himself against Popery, for which offence he was ex-com- 
municated. Later he was given to some officers, with ordei's 
iii conve_y him to Coventry to be Inirned at the stake. Upon 
their arrival at Coventry, a poor shoenuUvcr said, "oh my good 
master, nuxy God strengthen you." Good shoemakei', replied 
the Rev. Mr. Saunders, "I beg you will pray for me for I am 
in a vei-y weak coiidition, but I hope my Gracious God will 
<j;ive me stren<>-th." 

In speaking of his people he says, "and although I am not 
so among tiiem, as 1 have been to preach to them out <.){ a 
pul[»it, yet doth God now preach unto them by me, by this my 
imprisomnent, and captivity, which now 1 suffer anu)ng them 
for Christ's sake, bidding them to beware of the Romish Anti 
Christian I'eliizion, and Kingdom re<|uii'iui'- and charu-inir them 
to abide in the truth of Christ, which is shortly to be sealed 
with the blood of their ])astor." 

Be not careful my good wife, writes he, "cast your care 
ui)on the Lord, and commend unto him, in repentant prayer 
as I do, our Samuel.^'' 

"Fare you well, all in Christ, in hope to be joined with you 
in joy everlasting. This hope is put up in my l)osom. Amen. 
Amen. Amen." 

The next day, Sth of February, L555, he was led to the [)lace 
of execution, falling by the wayside however — as he was so ex- 

He was led to the place of execution barefooted and allowed 
but an old gown and a shirt. When brought to the stake, his 
last words were, " Welcome, the cross of Christ, welcome ever- 
lasting life." Thus suffered one of the many martyrs of Queen 
Anne's reign ; among whom were Taylor, Farrer, Marsh, Lat- 
imer, Cranner, Hooper, Rogers and Bradford. Descendants of 

Saunders. 21 

which, houinl tdijjL-thei' hj one Itoiid of sympathy and ('hristly 
love, wore the rtrst to seek peace and cunifoit in the I'nritan 

Descenchmts of these martyrs were the founders <»f the 
Plynionth Colony, having previously tied to llolhmd as a teni- 
poiary I'efuge ffoni persecution. 

Saniiirl Saunders, son of Laurence Saunders, the martyr, may 
have been ancestor to the many mend)i'i-s of the Saunders 
family who sought refuge in the colonies in the early part of 
this null century. 

Fi'um the Colonial Uecords, also from deeds and wills, we 
find the family of Sanders who came to America were from 
Wiltshire County, England, as also were many of the organ- 
izers of the Plymouth Colony. 

Sir Ferdinando Gorges, one of the original promoters of the 
colony, was from Castle Langford, Wiltshire. 

There were fifteen distinct ])arislies of Wiltshire. 

I have previously mentioned that the Pi-ioi-y of St. Andrews 
was irranted to Sir Thonias Amndell and Sir lleiu'v Sanders in 
the thirty-six years of the reign of Henry A'lII fn Mai-yland, 
one of the counties on the Chesapeake shore was settled hy 
Amndell and is still named Ann Arundel County. 

1()2<> — In the Virginia records is noted the arrival of liev. 
David Sanders, in charge of Capt. Samuel Mathews' colony of 
one hundred at I[o<;gs Head. Henry Sanders was one of that 
company, travelling in the country. He <li(! not remain, as in 
the Colonial Records at London is recorded the return of 
" Capt. Henry Sanders at Southampton, I»)23." 

The early ministers, appointed by the home government, 
were men of influence, birth and education. They were to act 
in the capacity of advisers, magi.strates, and judges ; and their 
intluence was felt to a great degree both in the colony and 
abroad, as many of the organizers of the plantations did not 
accompany them, and the prosperity and success of the enter- 
prise depended greatly upon the good government and iidvice 
of the ministry. I find no note of the i-eturn to England of 
Rev. David Sanders of \'irginia, and it is sujjposed that he is 

22 Founder of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

the ancestor of the hi-aiicli ot the Sanders family who are 
descendants in Viri>-inia to-daj. 

The name of Sandei's, or Saunders, is most contiictini;;, as in 
the early records the clerks and correspondents abreviated the 
word. In our earliest records of ijrants it is fre(|nently spelt 
Sandys, or Sanders. 

Durinij;' the orii;anization of the Plymouth Colony we find 
Sir Edwin Sandys, Bishop of York and aftei'ward Lord Mayor 
of London. His ancestral estates were at Wiltshire (Jounty. 
Many records of his family are to he found at Salisbury, the 
county town. We (piote from history and these records the 
short account of George Sanders, brother of Sir Edwin. 

George Sanders was born 1577. After passing some time 
at Oxford in KUO he travelled over Europe to Turkey; visited 
Palestine and Egypt. He published his travels at Oxford 1GL5, 
and they received great attention. The h'rst poetical pi'odnc- 
tion in Angel's American Legislature, was ])ublished by him, 
while acting in capacity of Secretary of the Virgirda Colony 
and in the midst of the confusion which followed the massacre 
of 1622. 

Sir Francis Wyatt of Allington Castle, Boxley Abl)ey in 
1618, married Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Samuel San, 
dys [Samlers) of Ombei'sley, Worcester — 

(Was Sir Samuel \\w &-A\ne Samuel whom Laurence Saiulers 
blessed in Marshalsea prison? the dates and circumstances cor- 

Li 1621 Sir Francis Wyatt received the appointment of 
Governor to the Virginia Colony, and de])arted in the ''Geoi'ge 
in 1021'' for that Colony, with his young wife, Margaret Saun- 
ders, and her uncle George Sandys (Sanders), as his secretary, 
(so written and spelt.) 

At this time came also the colony of Capt. Samuel Mathews, 
accompanied by Kev. David Sanders, as overseei'. This latter 
colony arrived at James City, Virginia, in the " Boiuiventure." 
Tn a few months after the massacre of 1022 George Sandys 
(Sanders), was sent to England by the colony to look after their 
interests, but in disregard to their wishes he introduced into 

ISminders. 23 

till' lioust' of coimiitiiis a Iiill, asking a restoration of tlu- uM 
London foinj)any and all the piivileges of the original cliartei*. 

This was oluioxioiis to the eolonies, and they entered a })ro- 
test; hut when the protest had heen received, the King was in 
^ orkshire. and the civil war had hegun in England. We lind 
that he did not retiii'ii to the colony noi very much advance 
their interests. 

He, died as hefore mentioned, at the home of his niece, 
Margaret, wife of Governor Wyatt, in 1043. 

After the charter of Vir<>:inia had l)een dissolved l>v James 
first, Sir James Wyatt continued governor. He returned to 
England, where he died, and was l)uried at Boxley Ahbey, 
August 24, lfi43. " His wife, daughter of Sir Samuel Sandys 
(Saunders), who passed some time in A'irgiina, was a gentle 
woman of much tact and ciieerfulness and willing to accept the 
hardships of a new settlement." — {History of Yirghiia..) 

She died at I'.oxley Al)l)oy. May 27, 1044. 

Hoar's History of Wiltshire. 
Colonial Records at Loiirlon. 
History of Virginia. 
Private papers of Sir Francis Sandys. 

24 Founders of MassachusetU Bay Colo'ny. 


The success of tlie Virginia settlement about the year 1016, 
einbmcino- the iuHuence of many men of rank and talent in the 
kino'doin, inchidini;' .-^uch as Loi'd Cavendish, Sir Edwin Sanders, 
Sir Edmund Sackville, nnd the Earl of Soutliainpton, was in- 
ducive in promotin<^ the proposition of issuin<^' other patents ; 
and acom]iany was formed at this time to include many of the 
refugees at Holland, and such as were concealed in other parts 
of England, lieligious persecution was still in force, and it 
was diflicult to raise funds for an independent settlement. 

Permit to form a lottery for the disposal of shares of propri- 
etorship of grants was formed and Sir Edwin Sandys (Sanders 
— Saunders) was appointed treasurer and together with Sir 
Ferdinando (lorges were the authorized agents for the sale of 
the same, having headquarters at Salisbury, in Wiltzshire 
County, England. (Salisbury was the county town of Wiltz- 
shire and not far from Southampton.) 

In this undertaking they were assisted l)y a very worthy and 
wealthy merchant of London, Thomas Weston, wlio was largely 
enwaj^ed in the fisheries on the Nova S(;otia coast. 

In 1617, November 12, Sir Edwin Sandys writes to Mr. Ilol>- 
inson and Mr. ]>rewster at Leyden, saying :— 

" Your agents have carried themselves with that discretion 
as is l)oth to their own credit and theirs from whom they came ; 
and the seven articles sul)scribed with vour names have mven 
the gentlemen of the council of Virginia that satisfaction which 
has carried them on to a resolution to forward your desire, in 
the Ijest sort that may be for your own and the public good." 

1620 — Sejitember 17, (is recorded,) after long attendance, the 
Leyden agents obtained a jmtent granted and confirmed under 
the Virginia company's seal, but the patent being taken out in 

6V/ uiulers. 25 

the iiuiiie of ^Ir. Jitliii X'icnio, a ivli^ii)iis >;-cMtleiu;ui hfldii^iii^' 
to the tHumties of Lincoln, who intuiided to go, but providence 
ordered otherwise. However, the j)iitent being curried by one 
of tlieir messengers to Leyden for the people to consider, with 
several proposcals for their transmigration, made by Mr. Thoiada 
Weston, iti London, merchant, and other friends and merchants, 
as should either go or adventure with them; they are rerpiested 
to prejiare with speed for the voyage. Mr. Weston coming to 
Leyden, the people agree with him on articles both for shipping 
and money to assist in their transportation. They send Mi'. 
Carver and Mr. Cushman to England to receive the money and 
provide for the voyage, Mr. Carver at Southampton, Mr. Cush- 
man at London. Those who are to go sell their estates, i)ut 
their money in the common stock, to he disposed of by their 
luanafjers, for making general provisions. 

A ship of si.xty berth, and purchase say seventy tons, is 
bought in Holland, both to hel[) transport them, and to stay in 
the country. (See Sir Echviri Sandys pai)ers). 

ir>2i>, May L5, "Mr. Robinson writes and comjjlains of 
Mr. Westons neglect in not getting shipping in England. Wv. 
West(jn has purchased one ship at Llolland." 

1H20, June 10. "He has secured a Pilot, Mr. Clark, wIm. 
went last year to \'irginia." 

1020, August 13. "The two siiips sail, but put back as one 
is leaky." 

102O, August 15. "The larger ship sails, lia\ing taking a 
good many passengers from the leaky ship." 

1020, November !). "At break of day they reach Cape 

1020, November 9. "The ship found harbor in a small bay 
near Cape Cod, and called the ])lacG Plymouth'^ 

Thus came to New England the " Mayllower," through the 
mistaken reckonings of their pilot, this Colony designed by Sir 
Edwin Sandys for A'irginia. 

2r> Founders of JSlassachusctU Pxnj Colony. 


Under the above date, tlie colonial records of the IMjmouth 
colony note: "Came unto our ]i;irl)or two ships of Mr. Wes- 
tons. The Charity, h)\) tons ; the Swan., ZO tons ; with letters 
of April loth, and fifty or sixty men, sej\t at Ids own charge, 
nrider Capr. John Sanders overseer, to settle a plantation in the 
Massachusetts hay., /<'>/■ lohich he has procured a patent.'''' 

"They sailed the last of April, the Charity, tlie bi<r<>-er ship 
leaves them, having many passengers for Virginia." 

Note the record: "Two sliips sent l)j Mr. Weston for 
which he has procured a patent." This little colony arrives as 
a private enterprise. 

Mr. Weston, assisted probably by the intiuence of the coloni- 
zation fratenuty. Sir Edwin Sandys and Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges, procures a patent. He risks the united Capital, u})on 
a venture of the future success of the colon}^, and places Capt. 
John Sanders, possibly a l>rotlier of George Sanders and 
uephew of Sir Samuel Sanders, as overseer of the enterprise; 
and 1)ecause it was a. p7'ivate enterjyrise, and not inspired i)y the 
bond of mutual benefit lottery affairs of the first colony at Ply- 
mouth, there was a prejudice against it, which has its origin in 
these earliest records, and which has been enlarged upon by 
Prince and Hubbard, until one can hardly recognize the malice 
and disparagement of this unfortunate venture, as coming from 
the Puritanical records of 1022, even though in their jealous 
proprietorship, they felt that the mistaken spot of their ow7i 
j>atent, needed a protection against intruders. 

Again the Plymouth records say : By Mr. Weston's ship 
comes a letter from Mr. John Pierce, in whose name the 
Plymouth patent is taken." 

1622 — September. Plymouth records : " Mr. Weston's largest 

aSu antlers. 27 

ship sails fur Eiii;laii(l, le.iviiii; what was supposed suflicicnt for 
tliis colony." 

1<>2'2, Noveinbur, is recorded : " Shortly after harvest, Mr. 
Weston's peoi)le at the Massachusetts, haviuii; by disorder much 
wasted their provisions, heujin to pei'ceive a want appi-oachin<;-, 
and heariiii; we had hou<jht coinmodities and designed to trade 
for corn, they write to the Governor to join with us, olfer their 
small shiji for the service, and pray to let them have some of 
oiir comnnKlities, which the Govevnov condescends to, (note the 
animosity,) desii^-nino- to go round Cape Cod to the southward, 
where store of corn may be obtained ; but we are often crossed 
in oui- purposes." 

The Plymouth Colony for various reasons are deterred, but 
Governor Bradford writes : '■ They got twenty -six or twenty- 
eight hogshead of coi-n and bread in all, for both plantations." 
This was at the end of harvest.) Note the i-rmai-k "having 
by disorder wasted their pi'ovisioiis." 

This Plymouth Colony had at this time not more than tliree- 
(piarters of an hundred souls, having lost more than a third of 
their number the first winter, and deaths following constantly ; 
we find they were, in fact, scarely larger than the Weymouth 
Colony, just arrived. 

Having been in the country two seasons, they had had time 
to house themselves, raise crops and store their fish and corn, 
aiul yet they, with all their thrift, economy and experience, 
were obliged to often make shift, as they expressed it. for sub- 
stance. How then could they have supposed th;it a new colony 
of fifty to sixty men, with no housing except such as they could 
riulely construct in a few weeks, with scant provisions at the 
most, have been in a better condition than they themselves were 
as regards their substance. 

The animosity of their sentiments is most apparent. 

In March, ir)23 — previous t<» the appeal from Capt. Sanders 
for assistance, is the following record in the Plymouth lecortls : 

1<)24, Alarcli b. "The captain, having i-efreshed himself, 
takes a schallop and goes to Maroniet for the corn the (roccrn. 
or has hought.^'' 

28 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

1()2;3, March 4. The records read, " An Indian comes in 
from Capt Jolm Sanders, the overseer of the Weston colony, 
with a letter showing the great wants they had fallen into, 
having spent all their bread and corn ; would have borrowed a 
hogshead of the natives, bnt they would IcTid none. He de- 
sired advice, whether he might take it by force to support liis 
men, till he returned from Wenham, where is a jdantation of 
Sir Fei'dinando Gorges whither he is going to hay hreadT 

We note here the decision of John Sanders to see his fi'iend 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges for relief, and the consideration he 
shows towards his neighbor, the Indian, and the manner of ex- 
pressing his wish for assistance ; his deference to the judg- 
ment to the older colony. 

It was mid-winter; his men wei-e starving, the provisions 
had been insntticient. The colony settled at Weymouth in the 
fall of the year. There was no ])rotection for winter, but such 
as they could rudely construct. The apj)eal had not been made 
to the Flyniouth colony until March, five months tfter the de- 
pai'ture of the Charity, and yet Prince and Hubbard, and the 
early colonial records, themselves, show how unwilling assist- 
ance was given, except at the last, and then only nj)on assur 
ance of their departui'e for Englaiul again. 

From the colonial records of March we note, "but the (jov- 

ernor, loiih others, despatched the messenger with letters to 

dissuade him by all means from such a violence, exhortiinj him 

(Capt. Sanders) to make shift as we, who have so little left 

mnst do." 

(Very good advice lor tlie protection of the Plyiiioiitli colony, l)ut to xtarr- 
iiiy nu')i, (jood <i<lm-c w\t\i im xiihtiUtncc Ix'.sides, was scarcely a stinmlus to 
good behavior.) 

TuK Records — "npon receiving o-iir letters, Mr. Sanders 
alters his purpose, and comes first to Plymouth, wuen r)otwith- 
standing our necessities, we spare him corn." 

(Not until personal appeal, was scant necessity offered liim.) 

Records — "Next day comes oiu^ of Weston's men with a sa.d 
tale of suffering want, and near dead with cold and hnnger- 

Saundem. 29 

One in gutting sliell tisli was so weak that he stuck uj^ri<jht in 
the rnud, and was found dead in the placed 

(Not until a last resort was appeal made for help) 

Records. — "The next day Capt. Stamllsh arrives at Wey- 
mouth; is threatened by tlie savages, rumors of an attack ui»un 
the helpless colony having been made." 

Kecokds. — •' Standish, watching his opportunity, falls upon 
the Indians, killing many, but releases the Indian women, and 
would not take even their beans and goats nor suffer the least 
discourtesy to be offered them." 

" Upon this they resolve to break up the colony." 

" The men are sick, disheartened and turbulent, and have 
manv conferences." 

" They desire Captain Sanders to let them have corn and they 
would go with him in their small ship (the Swan, thirty tons,) 
to "Winhiggin, where they may hear from Mr. Weston, or may 
have some su})i)ly from him, seeing the time of year is come 
for the fishing ships to be there ; or otherwise would work 
with the tishermen for their living or get passage to England." 

Hecokus. — " So they ship what they have, what corn Captain 
Standish has he gives them, scarcel}' keeping enough to last 
him home, (about two or three hours time.) He sees them 
under sail well out of tlic luii'bor, not taking of them the worth 
of a penny, (to the regret of the narrator, it would seem.) With 
some few who desire it he returns to Plymouth, bringing the 
head of Vetuwamet, an Indian, which he sets up in the fort." 

And yet at this date, March 6, we read, '' The Captain, having 
refreshed himself, takes a schallop and goes to Wacomet for 
the corn the Governor has bought." 

ItECOKDri. — " Shortly after Mr. Weston's peoi)le went to the 
eastward he comes there himself, with some tishermen, under 
another name, and disguised as a blacksmith, when he heard of 
the ruin of his plantation." (Mr. Weston had come to their 
relief; hie ship was cast ashore at Ipswich.) " lie took a schal- 
lop with a man or two, and C(jmes over to see how things are ; 
but in a storm is cast away in the bottom of the bay, between 

30 Founder's of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

l*af-cata(piak and Merrimack river, and luu'dly escaped witli his 
life. Afterwards he falls into the hands of the Indians, who 
pillage him of all he saved from the ship, and stripped him of 
all his clothes to his shirt ; at length he gets to Pascataquak, 
borrows a snit of clothes, and finds means to come to Plynionth." 

(It can scarcely be wondered that the gentleman presented a 
false name, when he finds his plantation ruined, his men adrift 
in a starving condition, and himself disguised in the raiments 
of a blacksmith.) 

1G23 — April recorded: "Thus this plantation is broken up 
in a year, and this is the end of those who, heimj able hodied 
men, had boasted of their strength, in comparison of the people 
at Plymouth who had many women and children, and weak 
ones with them.'''' 

One very early historian says : " It was the judgement of 
God for their conceit in thinking they could successfully con- 
duct 2k. private enterpriser 

The i-ecords following express no anxiety for the safety of 
the ship, and its half starved burden, who at the most treacher- 
ous time of the year, departed with scarcely food sutticient for 
a few days, to cross the ocean ; no prayers were appai-ently 
uttered for their safe delivery, from envy, hatred and malice, 
nor from lightning, and tempest, nor from ])lague, pestilence, 
and famine, or from sudden death; but God in his almight}' 
benevolence, had pity upon their infirujities ; and they found 
delivereuce and a safe harbor, though after weeks of storm 
and tempest and sufferings, having fallen in with another ship, 
who assisted them as far as it was possible in their extjemity. 

Saimders. 31 

1623, May 23 — Colonial I^ecords at London. 

"Ciptaiii Sanders and conipaiiy arrived at Soiithaiiipton,'' 
and thns ended the disaster of the Weymouth phintation. 

]\[r. Weston and Sir Ferdinando Gorges were not discouraged 
however; in September of the same year, 1023, '' Capt. Robert 
Gorges, son of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, with Mr. Merrill, an 
Episcopal minister, and sundry passengers and families arrive 
in Massaeliusetts bay and begin a plantation. "They pitch 
upon the same place Mr. Weston's people had forsaken." He 
had a commission from the council for New Enc-land to be 
their lieutenant governor or general governor of the country." 

1()24 Kecord.—'" Toward the spring after Capt. Gorges and 
Mr. Weston had been at Plymouth, Mr. Weston conies again 
and then sails for Virginia." 

Record. — " Capt. Gorges not finding the state of tilings to 
ansiver his quality, with some who depended upon him, re- 
turns to England. Some of his jieople go to Virginia, some 
few remain, who are helped with supplies from hence^ 

This last record speaks for itself, and shows an animosity 
towards Gorges, and a declaration almost that supplies coidd 
not have been obtained from them. Rev. Mr. Merrill had a 
hard time, remaining with this Plymouth settlement ; he was 
considered in the light of a spy ; his religion, declared Episco- 
palian, was contrary to their principles; he was arrested and 
confined by the Governor, but later leaving the colony, returned 
to England the following year. 

One more record, and I will close this sketch of the first two 
settlements in Massachusetts I>ay. 

1024, March. — " Mr. Winslow, our agent, comes over in tlic 
ship Charity, and brings a pretty good supply of clothing * * 
■" ■". 'J he ship comes a fishing, a thing fatal to this planta- 

32 Founders of Massac! msetts Ba;/ Colon;/. 

Hon. He also brings a bull and three heifers, the first cattle 
in the land; but there is a sad account of -a strong faction 
among the adventures against us, and especially against the 
coming of Mr. Robinson and the rest at Leyden." (This is the 
first mention of the Colony of Weymouth. They are called 

" Bv Mr. Winslow we have several letters from the Governor 
dated December 19, 1623, whereof he writes with great concern 
about the killing of the savage conspirators at the Massachu- 
setts. He says : ' Oh, how happy a thing had it been that you 
had converted some before you had Jfilled any.'^ " 

Thus it would seem that there was some reason for prejudice 
toward the Plymouth Colony, since the failure of the two sister 
plantations, the unfortunate recepti(ni of the Rev. Mr. Merrill, 
and the scant welcome of the second visit of the " Charity " in 
the records. 

''''The ship comes a fishing, a thing fatal to this plantation.^'' 

When we read the records of the new colonies as inscribed 
at London, and notice the intimate connection of the Gorges 
and Sanders families one is assured that in a very near way the 
interests of John Sanders — (Saunders,) the ancestor of many 
branches of the family now in America, must have been ad- 
vanced by more than personal favor. From deeds and his will, 
well preserved in the Probate Records of Massachusetts, we find 
that he describes himself as coming from Weeke in ye parish 
of Downton, in ye County of Wiltz, England. This will was 
sealed with the crest of the Saunders arms, and I can but con- 
clude that John Sanders iiad a lineal right to that crest, or he 
would not have assumed the use of it upon so sacred a docu- 
ment as a will, and at a time in the sixteenth century wiien 
goldsmiths were unknown in America. 

In the English Record of Heraldry we notice : '' Edward 
Marsh quarters his arms with his family, those of Nethersol 
and Sanders ; the former in right of marriage of his ancestor, 
Thomas Marsh of Brandred, Avith Anna, daughter of John 
Nethersol, Esq., and the latter in right of marriage, 1637, of 

Saunders. 33 

another ancestor, John ]\rarsli, Esq., with Anna, dani^htcr and 
heir of Henry Sanders of Canterbury. In tlie Marsh arms we 
find Sanders arms, the same domestic hoar, as in Sir Edwin 
Sanders, Edward Marsh, Esq., Snare Manor, and Ivy Manor, 
County Kent." — {Burke.) 

In this last record we note that in 1637 John Marsli, Esq., 
married Anna, daughter of Sir Henry Sanders, and united tlie 
arms of tlie two families. In our Colonial Records we find that 
at Salem, Mass., in 1037, John Marsh, Esq, with wife, Anna 
{Sanders,) received under " Grant No. 260, a tract of twenty 
acres, to be laid out by the town." 

1640-30-1. "John Marsh, Esq., receives thirty acres more 
of meadow land." 

165o-10-Nov. "It is ordered that John Marsh and John 
Kitchen are chosen searchers and sealers of leather for the year 

Elizabeth Kitchen, sister of said John Kitchen, became wife 
of William Sanders, who came to the colony 1637, and later 
was one of the founders of North Carolina. 

34 Founders of AlasHachuseits Bay Colony. 




BrRiELs' EAKr.i?:sT Book of Kecords, 1602. 

1(>09. Ales Sauxders, the ivife of John Saunders of 
Weeke, 29 December. 


1010. John Saunders and Ales Coles were married the 
fourth day of Fel)rnary. 


1613. John, 50/i o/ John Saunders of ^Yeeke, baptized 26 

1614. Elizabeth, daughter of Sohn Saunders. 

1615. Sarah, daughter of ^o\\r\ Saunders. 
1617. Joseph, son of So\\\\ Saunders. 
1622. Moses, son of io\\n Saunders. 

"Weeke," or Wick as it is now called, si2;nified a place of 
residence in the parish of Downton, Wiltshire, Enj^land. It 
consisted of two large old houses, substantial and of import- 
ance, one having been pulled down to give place to a larger 
house. The ground and belonsrino-s to the Hamlet of Weeks 
consisted of 1184 acres. This track was in possession of the 
family of Sanders and through the marriage of Thomas Dun- 
combe to Isabel, daughter of Thomas Saunders, and the mar- 
riage of William Duncombe to Ellen Saunders it became by 
purchase and inheritance a portion of the estate of the family 
of Duncombe, of whom Lord Feversham was a descendant. In 
the last century it was purchased by Jacob, Earl of Radnor, a 
descendant bv marriage of Anthonv Duncombe. 



w _. 

§ I 

Saunders. 35 


.luliii Saunders of "Weeke," the ancestor of the Saunders 
branch of this _i:;enealo<2:y, seems to have been undaunted by his 
faihire of lG2o, to establish the Weymouth colony. During 
the following live or six years, he made several voyages to the 
Virginia settlement, generally it seemed in command of his 
sliip and supposedly in the interest of the home government. 

It is not until 27 July, 1635, that we note John^ Saunders 
returns to the New England colony, and then it is as passenger 
in the Merchant, " Hope," Hugh Weston commander, lie 
came probably this time to see his son John- Saunders (who 
came with Eiidicott's colony in 1G28-9 and had remained in the 
settlement) and also to establish new enterprises as follows : 

Duriuir the years 1G35 to 1638, there were so manv of the 
name of Sanders, who came to the new settlement, their ad- 
vent so united, their means so liberal, and their ability so 
acknowledcjed, that one can but infer that thev were members 
of one family and were forced t(j emigrate from some unusual 
faujilv trouble; this family trouI)!e I conceive to have been the 
failure of the Virginia company, of which Sir Edwin Sanders 
was treasurer; and of his banishment from £lngland. At this 
time Sir Richard Sanders of Dowuton was also deprived ()f his 
estates, and many unfortunate failures had occurred from these 
foreign investments. 

1 will i)rieriy note the different branches of the Sanders 
family who souirht the new world at this time, ami then con- 
tinue the history of John^ Sanders, the lineal ancestor of this 

First came to New England — 

1623 — John' Sandeks of Weeke, in charge of Weymouth 

36 Founders of Maasaehusetts Bay Colony. 

1628-9 — JoHN^ Sanders, in ship " Margaret." 

1635 — John Sanders of Weeke, iu merchaut " Hope," 
Hugh Weston, master. 

1635 — Edward Sandeks arrived at Boston in ship " Safety" 
with daughter, Jane, wife of Thomas Parker of Horley, Essex, 
born 161-}:. Thomas Parker was a descendant of the celebrated, 
divine, Mathew Parker, who was Queen Elizabeth's lirst 
Protestant bishop, consecrated 1560. (At a little later date, 
April 19, 1562, we notice that " Sanders and about twenty-two 
others were consecrated bishops, Kitchen, however, refusing to 
take oath." (See Pierce and Styppe, Engliah Ecclesiastical 

Edward Sanders, father of Jane Parker, is described as com- 
ing from Charlewood, commoner Surry, England, a widower. 

Edward Sanders was appointed by Gov. Winthrop as mem- 
ber of an important colony about to found a plantation at 
Charlestown, South Carolina. Ancestors of this line were 
scattered through Kentucky and Tennessee and Mississippi. 
Of this family there are many college graduates. One govern- 
or (of the Mississippi colony,) Ralph Sanders of Kentucky, a 
distinguished lawyer and literary man, is of this line. Also 
Daniel, a lawyer and writer of great reputation. 

1635. Arthur Sandys or Sanders, said by early historians to 
have been the son of Sir Edwin, came to Marblehead, and en- 
gaged in the Usheries. 

1638-23-10 he was granted by the general high courts 20 
acres to plant in. At this time Marblehead was a part of 
Salem, Mass. 

1635. At Boston is recorded Elizabeth Sanders, who came 
as the wife of Henry Walcott, magistrate of England. He 
was second son of Sir John Walcott of Tollard, County of 
Sommerset. He inherited Golden Manor, Tollard, at the de- 
cease of his brother Christopher. He bore the arms, common 
to his family from Sir John de Walcott. Tempo Richard II. 
At the time of his advent to Massachusetts Colony, a grant had 
been obtained for a settlement in Connecticut. Magistrate 
Henry Walcott was selected as one of the proprietors. 


Saumhi's. 37 

^Fauistrate IIuniT Walcult. huin 157S, died May 30, 1055, 

and Klizalictli S:inii(|iT> were iiianac(l in It'aiV and had the lul- 
l«>\\iii<;- cliildivii lioni ill Kuulaiid. Anna, I Icniy .1 r.. ( it-ori^e, 
Clirist<»[>lior, ^hivy and Simon. M\> Klizal>L'tli Sannders Wal- 
cott snrvivi'd her Im^hand. Ili> .^un, Ilunui'altlc itoiicr Wai- 
cutt, heranic i;o\uinur ul Connecticut. — [Samuel W'alcot'd 
meiiioirs, 1881). 

At Tollard. I{..val Ilnndivd ..f Clialk. WiIt/.>liiro, Eiiiiland, 
\vc find at the resist rai-v umhT date l<tT7 that George Sanders 
ami Juliii Everny were (diui'cli wardens. — (Il(>((rt\s JliMorij of 

1030. Joliid Sanders returns to New England, and in (•(in- 
junction with Wiiliaui Sanders, William Wentworth, William, John Cliliord and others receivcil tht^' grant and 
founded the colony of Ilamprnn. Mass. 

1037. Henry Sanders, said to have been a hrotiicr of 
Arthur Sanders, was in Salem ami Ilowley, and afterwards at 
Boxford, whei'e together with Jolin' Sanders they received a 
grant of 200 acres. Henry Sanders came with wifi; Syliill. had 
lioi'ii to him at Kowley, 1639-4-2<i, Samiicl. son of Henry and 
Svbill— 164:2-1-2-1-, Mercv, daughter of Ilenrv and Svhill. 
Rowley was then a part of Salem, Mass. 1(530 .l(iliii' Sanders 
was made freeman. 

In 1<'..3S. John' Sanders is supposed to have heen sent to 
England on impoi-tant husiness for the colony. lie i-eturned 
in the ''Confidence" with daughter Sarah Sanders, mot as 
some historians have said, as wife). 

Sara Sanders became the wife of Major lioltert Pike April 
3, 1041, of Salisbury, Mass. He was a mend)erof the General 
High Court, 1048. and for many years following. He became 
lieutenant, captain, majoi- in commaml of one iif the l']sse.\ 
regiments. He was assistant in lt'is2, was one of the Council 
(jf Safety in the overthrow of Andros, 10S9, and also a mend>er 
of the couiieil ill the AVilliam and ^^ary ('barter, 1 <')!»! . His 
I'apid advarn,-e to |iowei- and ]MPpiilaiity was most niarke(|, ami 
by many he has been style(i the "('romwell of iVmeriea."" 
Sarah Sanders, wife of Robert Pike, 1 [)lace as sister to Eliza- 

38 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colonij. 

l)ijtli, wife of Ilcury WaK-utt of Coimecfu'iit. lio!)ert Pike was 
soil of floliii Pike, who came in the " -laines " from Langford, 
Wiitz County, Eno;land, (a descendant of the Archl)ishop <»f 
Litchhekl,) and was brother to Israel Pike, who became tlie 
wife of Henry Trew. A lineal descendant of Henry Trew 
(Nancy Trew,) married, in 1S;:55, Pliilip Henry Saunders of 
Salem, Mass., who was a lineal descendant of John ^ Sanders, 
and tlu'ij were the parents of the author of this history. 

lOoO, April (I, we note from the records of the Planter, Nico 
Tracie, Mr. bound thither. 

Martin Saunders, a^e 40. 
IIachel Saunders, age 4(». 

Lea Saunders, age 10. \ 

Judith Saunders, ai>;e S. - Tliree children. 

Martin Saunders, age 4. ) 

Maria Fuller, age 17. ) 

Richard Smith, age l-t. |- Three servants. 

iticHARD ItiDLEv, age 16.' ) 

Martin Sanders v/ith his family ai-rived in Poston 1()35, 
moved to Mount Walliston, now C^)uincy. 29 Sept., 1(130, with 
several others, they founded the first church at Mount AVallis- 
ton. He was made freeman Mav PJ, 1(140. He died xluii-ust 
4, 1(k58, having two sons and two daughters. 

In 1(338 Christopher Sanders, who with wife, Mary Clark, 
daughter of Daniel Clark, former Governor of Barlmdos, assisted 
in settlement of Windsor, Connecticut. 

During many years following he was actively engaged in 
these settlements, and expended much money in the defence of 
his grants. He died in Boston September 1, 1708, a very 
wealthy man. His will, which covers three full pages of fools- 
cap, written in his own tine handwriting, is the most interest- 
iiiij; document I have read. It is full of reli2;ious faith and 
pathos, and in every thought and consideration marks the gen- 
tleman most c<_>nclusively. After ])r(»viding for the future of 
his wife, giving becpiests to his servant, he leaves, at his wdfe's 
death, the wdiole of his estate, both real and personal, consist- 

Saunders. 81) 

iiii;' <it I;iii(ls. liniisiiii:-s. imiiu'vs and plate, to liis son Daniel, 
reservintf t'Kxi as a lei;ac'v to liis nrjihew, .losliua Laniit, son of 
dipt. Jo.slnui I.anil) of lioxhnrv, hut in case of his son Daniel 
should not return home, imr anj certain advice of his heing in 
the land of the li\inii' '>t3 received, then he irivesand hetjueaths 
unto his a:randson, .loshna Lanih. son of ('a]»t. Joshua Lanih of 
Roxlmi'v. ( Jeiitlcniiii. and Susanna, his wife, his (hiughter, all 
the remainder of his estate, hotli real and personal." 

Witness, James Wood, 

Ei)\\ Ai;i) Weaver, Sen. 

He appointed his respected friend, Samuel Lynde, Es(|., and 
loving wife executors. 

I nominate and request my beloved friend, Mr. Robert 
Howard of I>oston, Merchant, to be overseer. 
Febniai'v, 1T"8. 

(Signed with a seal with an impress of the crest 
of the Sauuders Coat of Arms.) (The Elephaut's 


Christopher Sanders. 

1038. Daniel Sanders arrives at Cambridge. lie died 

ICSs. Also came Tobias Sanders, one of the King's life guards, 
and brother of Christf»pher. He came to Boston, but 1643 
settled at Xew[)ort, R. 1. 

1039. He married Marv, daughter of Joseph Clai'k, who was 
a neice of Deputy Governor John Clark of that state. 

1039. Robert Sanders arrived at Boston, is a magistrate 
and executes wills. From 1039 to 104-2 he is a memlter of the 
(General High Court, was afterward one of the proprietors of 
Rye, X. H., then a ]xirt of the settletiient of Hampton, where 
were ))reviously -lohn' and William Saiulei's. 

I04U. George Sanders eomes to Boston, establishes him. 
self as a merchant, trading largely with the Barbados, having 
his uncle, Stei)lien Spicer, as agent at Barbados. Descendants 
settled in North Carolina. 

1050. We have .losicrn Sanimors, supi)Osed to have been 
son of John at Dover, .\ . 11. lie was killed by the Indians in 

40 Founders of MassachusetU Bay Colony. 

tlie £>;t'eat massacre, June 27-S, 16S9. Thus we tiiid in Ameri- 
ca (Inriiio; its earliest settlements 

Margaret Saunders, dano-hter of Sir Samuel and wife of 
Governor Sir l''rancis Wjatt of Virginia. 

Cteoroe Sanders, her uncle, secretary of Virginia Colony. 

Rev. David Sanders iti A^irginia. 

Capt. Joh\1 Sanders of Weeke, Wiltz County, England, in 
New England. 

John- Sanders, of Weeke, in New England. 

Arthur Sandys, or Sanders, in New England. 

Henry Sandys, or Sanders, in New England. 

William Sanders, Downton Parish, in New England. 

Elizabeth Sanders Walcott in New England. 

Jane Sanders Parker in New England. 

Edward Sanders in New England. 

Sarah Sanders Pike in New England. 

Tobias Sanders in New England. 

Christopher Sanders in New England. 

Capt. Charles Sanders ,M'ho in 1649 applied to General 
Court for certificate of the destruction of his ship. 

Alice Sanders, wife of Thomas Eastnum. in New England. 

Daniel Sanders in New England. 

Martin Sanders in New England. 

Robert Sanders in New England. 

Joseph Sanders in New England. 

A large representative of settlers of the same name and each 
[)r()njinent in their individual location. Their advent was so 
united, their means so libera,! and their ability so acknowledged 
that we can hut c(iiiclnde they were members of one family 
and were forced to emigrate from some unusual familv trouble. 
Tlio |)i'ol)able cause of emigration 1 have before mentioned. 

1 will now follow the brief history of John'-^ Sanders, who 
came to Salem with Eiidicott's Colony, and then continue the 
life of John' Sanders, which was a long and pi'ominent one. 









DowNTON I'AKisii. Register Weeks, County ok Wii.t/,, England. 


lt'»<il. RiciiAKD, wn ^Jolin Saiidors. 

1603. Ellen, daughter o/' William Saunders. 

1605. liiciiARD, S071 o/" William Saunders. 

*1606. DoROTHA, daugJiter of John Sanders of Weeke. 

August 17. 

l<ill. Ellinor, daughter of William Sanders. 

"1613. John, son o/' Jolin Saunders of Weeke, 26 ^farc-h. 

*1614. Elizabeth, daughter o/" John Saunders;. 

*1615. Sarah, daughter o/" John Sanders. 

*161T. Joseph, son, of John Sanders. 

1622. MosKs, son o/" John Saunders. 


1»'><|-1-. Ellen, daughter of AVilliam Sanders, A|)ril H'. 
*1609. Ales Saunders, to//(3 o/' John Saunders •>!' ^Veeke, 
29 December. 

1621. Alice Sanders, i^i/'(? o/" Richard Sanders, 21 Ai>iil. 

1626. Richard Saunders, 27 Septeml)er. 

1628. Elinor Saunders, xoife of William Saunders, 2 

164-1. Eli/.ai;ktii, daughter of William SatidiMs of Tlail- 
ford, 21 June. 

1646. William Saunders, February 13. 

*161<». JdiiN Saunders of Weeke and Alice Coles were 
man'ied 4th February. 

1634-. TnoMAS Eastman and Alice Saunders were maiiied 
21 Octol^er. 

1636. liicHARD Saunders and Elizabr'th .Michell, 1st .No- 

42 Founders of J/assachusett'< Buij Colony. 


John- Sandkrs, son of John Sanders of Weeko, haptizod 
March 23, 1613, in tJio Parish of Downton, County of Wilt/, 
Eiiii;lan(l, came to New Salem, in New England, in tjie "Mar- 
garet" from Plymoutli, Hugh Weston, master, in company 
with John Enilieott and his colony, June 28, 1628-9. lie is 
recorded as a lad ahont eighteen, but we perceive by the above 
record that he was scarcely sixteen at that time. From the 
parish records we perceive that he had two sisters, Elizabeth 
and Sarah, who a few years later came to the colony, and re- 
spectively became the wives of Henry Walcott and Robert 

John- Sanders was son of John Sanders of Weeke, by his 
second wife, Ales Coles, married Febrnar}- -1, 1610. 

John- Sandei's came to the colony under the protection of 
Robert Coles, probably his uncle, and received a grant of 40 
acres adjoining Mr. Coles. Mr. Robert Coles was one of the 
wealtliiest investors in the colony at that time. 

John- Sanders united with the first church in Salem, 162l>. 

1636. John- Sandei's was made freeman, and granted 40 
acres freeman's land, grant No. 2385. 

"The freeman of Plymouth were an aristocratic class. They 
were empowered to choose a Governor. Deputy Governoi- and 
eio-hteen assistants. The freeman could administer oaths of 
supremacy and allegience. It is worthy of note that the Gov. 
ernino; body thus constituted was at once a legislative body and 
a judicial body, like the English county court, whicii served as 
its model. This government at this time, was virtually a re- 
public. — {Fishes Civil Gov.) 

About 1636, Jolm- Sanders, was married to Priscilla Graf- 
ton, daughter of Capt. Joscj)h Grafton, and wife Mary; a 

Saundei's. 43 

family imu-li respected aiitl ol'teii iiKMitioiietl in uur earliest 

Tlie grant of land to dulin" Sanders is the [)reseiit location <»f 
the south side (it' Washinii'ttm S(|U:irc in Salcin. Mass., ad jacent 
to the coninion. extending along the M;dn street I Essex street) 
beyond the I'iekinan lidiise and East India Marine society to 
the foot of Liberty street, at ye point of the burying ground. 
A portion of this land remained in tli(> family foi- many 

Upon the knoll side of the lot, facing the common, but w hat 
was then tiie Public pasture land or training ground, John- 
Sanders built Ids house. 

The house must liave been a substantial one and well fenced 
in, for at a general town meeting held the fourth day of the 
second muiitli. l<i4o, it was ordered '"that all fences as well 
general as particular about the town shall be continued sntHci- 
eiitile maile and maiiitaiiie(i all the years as well in winter as in 
summer. xVnd if any person be defective in their fences, they 
are to pay two shillings for every day it is poised they are de- 
fective, twelve pense thereof to be given to the surveyor that 
finds it out, and gives notice of it to the p'tie so defective, and 
twelve pence to the town. And further the said p'tie shall be 
lyable to i)ay all damages besides, that shall be don by any 
cattle or swine by reason (jf that defect." 

16i0. Same day John ■•' Sanders was appointed surveyor. 
Voted, "at a general court town meeting, held the day afore- 
said in the field where ^\\\ AVillianis" house is, Mr. Keiiniston 
and Mr. John ~ Sanders are ai)pointed overseers, to survey the 
fences in that field.'' He had been already appointed freeman 
at this time, and tlu; monthly meeting of the seven selectmen, 
together with the Freemen's meeting at the (-Jeneral Court 
every two weeks, seems to have been all that was necessary for 
the self irovernment of this little settlement. 

1630-104(1. John " Sanders served as a member of the grand 
jury at the Court. 

44 Founders of JlasnacJiusetts Bay Colony. 

The t'ollowiiii;- oi'dci'is arc well woi'tlij of notice. 

"That wortliy i;'Ciitlemaii, ]\[r. Endicott, coiuin^' over t't»r 
Governiiieiit of tlie MaHsaehusetts, visits tlie people of Mei'i'j 
Mound, causes tlie j\[ay Pole to he castdo'wn, rehukes them for 
their profanities, admonishes them to lot)k there he hetter walk- 
ing, and the name is changed to Mound Dagon.'" 

1642-3-2. "Ordered that there sliall noe more trees be 
felled by any nuiii within the lymits of Salem unless it be in 
inen's appirtyes, upon tlie payiie or penalty of 20s foi- everie 
such tree felled by any one man, whether inhabitant or stranger, 
and that this order be j)\sently published and notice given to 
sucli as sete them, or worke, provided that this order extend 
not to any that shall fell a.ny timber for his own building or 
fencing or building of ships here with thelymits of our towiie, 
without spitial lycence from a magistrate." 

Ordered, '' That two be a[>pointed every Lord's day to walke 
forth in the time of God's woishippe, to take notice of such as 
either lye about the meeting house, without attending to the 
word or ordinance, or that l\'e at home or in the fields, without 
giving good account thereof, and ask or take the names of such 
persons and to present them to the magistrate, whereby they 
may be accordinglie ji'ceeded against." 

The life of John "-' Sanders in this little colony was verj' 
short, but for a young man of his age he certainly received 
recognition from the colony of his ability and integrity, having 
been appointed juryman, surveyor and freeman to the General 
Court. He died 1048, 10m., leaving wife, Priscilla Grafton, 
and one son, John -^ baptized in tlie iirst church 1640 — Im. l>d. 

The will of John -^ Sanders, dated Oet. 12, 1643. Probated at Salem 

Court, house, 10m., 1648. 

" S.\GAMORE, Jan. 

John Sandkks, inhabitant of town of Suleiu. 

1 do leave unto nie son, John Sanders, mj ten aker lot, with me house 
now built, on the eonimons side front knoll over against, solon he comes to 
the on e twenty-live or at the deatii of his mother, with the aker and jias- 
ture of meadow bound alonging it, and 1 do make my father, Joseph CJraf- 
ton and Goodman Hardie to admr. this my will and deed, the 12 of Oc. 

Saundt/'if. -i ."> 

12 OftobiT. I of sed boon oaks in connty wit Xatiiani'-I Porter. Ex. 
also tbat tl)t' srd John Samlcrs icfl Gtr,^c Itanwli all tbi' rest of Ibr 
estate to bis wife. 

Tlie last will and lestanunt uf .Iomn Sa.nokks reeuived. (Kndorsed.) 

CoiKT •,'"i, lOni.. l(i|:j. 

This will is (iiiu of tlie earliest lil'j«l at tlic Court of liecords. 

.loliii- SaiidiT.-, (Iviii-i at the earlv a^e of thirty years, coiild 
scarcely he called a promoter of the colony, thoiii;h his (diiirch 
records and his freeman's duties hoiiorahly performed for the 
few years he lived in the colony, denote him a voiinuinan much 
respected hoth in church and state. 

Priscilla Grafton, the widow of Jolm- Sanders, was married 
l*).")-!-, Fel)ruary 20, to -lohii (Gardner of ISaleui, Mass.. lia\ in^- 
Iiiit one child hy Ijer deceased husband. 

John Gardner and his brother llichaiil ha<l ])ec!i in the 
colony previous to John~ Sanders deatli, havin<^ received i;iMnt 
of land, m acres each, in 1632-9-2!). John (irardner became 
rather an important nian at this time, being Surveyor and 
Deputy to General Court, called Senator. Priscilla Sanders 
Gardner survived her second husband and uas married later in 
life to Deacon AVilliam Goodhue. 

We are obliged to retuj-n in oiu' narrative to the year 1030- 
S when Jolin^ Sanders, having lost his second wife, is sent to 
England. lie returns to the colony with daughter Sarali, who 
soon after married Kobert Pike, as before mentioned. Durini; 
the year 1G30 John' Sanders takes unto himself a third wife, 
Hester, wlmm he possibly married at Salisbury in England. 
He was then about (JU years oKI. Historians btate that he 
married Ihfiter Roll ov Rolf e from Melchit Tark, Wiltzshire. 
Hester lioile was possibly kinswoman to Sir Fram-is lioll 
Kniirht, whose dau<;hter Marv ha<l previoiislv married Sir 
Itichard Sanders of Northl)ourne. 

Sir Richard Sanders of Northborne was .-on of Sir Richard, 
who married JIe.stei\ daughter of Edwin .\ rcher, second son i»f 
Anthony Archer, Es(j.. (d \'«mnn'.{/i'n<///.s/i lltnildry.) 

Samuel Archer, sn|)]>osed also to have; been a kin>nian. came 
to the colon V in H!;;t; with dohn' Sanders, was made freeman 
Dec. 26, 1636, and received grant <d" land of forty acres. 

46 Jumnders of MassacJiusetts Baij Colony. 

From uiir ('oloiiial lu'cnnis ;it ('ustoiii House, S()iitli;uii[»t(m, 
Eii<;'laiul, 1<');)S, \v(! liiid tluit".I(ihn Kollc or llolfo (as souk; 
historians write it) was aged 50, linsl);iii(liiiaii, fnjui Mclcliit 
I'ai'k, Wilt/sliii-e,aii(l with wife Aim and (hmghter Hester, wife 
of Johid Sanders, and Thomas Whittier, servant, (so recorded, 
hut wliom in his will he designates as kinsman) took passage 
for the Colonies." 

Mr. ISomshy in General History, Vol. 5, thinks the name was 
Kolf. Mr. Diake in General History XIY. p. 325. thinks the 
name Iloafe. As near as one can judge l>y the writing it is 
Rolfe. In the Salisl)ury records it seems s[)elt Rolfe. 

At St. Stephen's church, Iletfordshire, England, against the 
south wall, is inscribed a tablet in memory of John liolfe, Es(j., 
otHcial of the archdeanery of St. Albans, commissary of the 
archdeaneiy of Hnntington,'and one of the masters of chan- 
cery, died aged ()5, Oct., IBoO. — (ZieherH J/cfuldrij.) 

.John Itolfe, our American ancestor, is sup[)osed to be son of 
the al)Ove. 

At any rate John Roll or Rolfe was an impoi'tant man both 
at the liome ofHce m England, as also in the colony. 

John Rolfe, together witli his l)rother Henry, who also came 
to the colony about this time, were among the original propri- 
etors of Salisbury and Newbury. Hannah Roll or Rolfe, 
dauiihier of Henry of Newl)ury, was wife of the first Richard 
Coles. Robert Coles, the first emigi'ant, was one of the richest 
men in the colony, dohn Roll or Rolfe remained in Salisl)nry 
but a few years, however, and at his (jeath willed liis liome- 
stead to John^ Sanders, which he, ii; coMJunciion with his wife, 
Hester, deeded to his l)rother-in law, Richard Coles, as attorney. 
The disaster of the Weymouth Colony did not deter eithei- 
(T(O)'ges or Sanders from their interest of speculation and en- 
terprises in the new colony. It was suj)j)osed that John' San- 
ders was sent to England in 1(;;>S to obtain a jiatent for the 
foundation (d' another colony ; that this was accomplished was 
proven by the following records: — 

1<)38. "John Sanders, together with Simeon liradsti-eet, Dan- 
iel Uennison, Christopher Bailey, Samuel Winsley and Samuel 

DiiilK'V, wt're [frtnttid a |)Iaiitati(»ii l<i la- callrd .Mcniiiiai-k, 
afterwards cliaMijed to Salislmrv. 

Of the |)r(»|)rii>tors of this to\viisIii|). we have lir,-t; Siiiiti.n 
Bradstreet, Esij., s(»ii of a minister in Liiieohishire, horn at 
IIorhHnii\ ^lareh, lOo:'; liis father was son of a Suffolk o;entle- 
luan of tiiic estates, and was one of the first fellows of Emanuel 
colk'iie. Simeon liroadstreet was niarried to Ann, sistei- of 
-lohn Winthrop, Governor of the colniiy." 

* Secondly. We have Samuel Dudley, son of the Deputv 
Governor of the colony, who was horn at Northampton, 1574. 
ITe was the only son of Roger Dudley, who mari-ied a gentle 
lady of large estates of the honsc of Dudley. 

Samuel Dudley was married to Mary, daughter of Governoi- 

Daniel Dennison was third in i)n»prietorship and was Major 
General of the colony. 

('hrist()j)her Ball, the foiii-tii man associated with Jolm^ San- 
dei-s in his enterprise, was son (tf Rohert Ball, whose father 
was Rector of Newton Toney, Wiltzshire, England, in 15!»4— 
lt;i7. At this same time Fortunatus Sanders — Saunders suc- 
ceeded him at the Rectory.- — (Private letters from George 
Bhillij^ present Rector of Newton Toney, Wilt/c). 

Christopher Ball had heen in Salem for a lew years previous 
to the organization of this new plantation. lie was a civil 
engineer, huilt several hridges, and a wharf at Batts point, 
opposite Derby Wharf. 

We perceive l)y the social standing of these gentk-men that 
.lolin' Sanders was i-ecognized as an influential leader amoiio- 

This grant of ]\rei'i'imack or Sali>hniy. as it was afterwards 
called, covered an extent of 75 miles; hounded hy the Atlantic 
ocean on the east, it included what is now Ameshury, Sj-alirnok. 
Newton. Southampton, Kensington, East Kingston, and |)art 
of Ilarverhill. Extending from the Atlantic ocean to the 
Mei'rimack and Ilam|)ton ri\er. 

This was a royal grant, and a I'oyal .-uli-i|ivi>ion loi' I'ach of 
the proprietors. 

48 J-'^mndcrx of ^lassacJiuxett.s Bay (Jolomj. 

l()-l-()-J:-2. .Idlm^ Sanders was apiioiuted siirvoyor to make 
rates, to settle disputes and to lay out hiofhways. He built a 
house and occupied the different important positions of ])ul)lic 
trust in the town, Init at this time Cleorge Gorges, brother of 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges, had commenced a plantation at Wells, 
Maine, and offered such inducements to John^ Sanders that we 
find in 1(54:3-4 he makes an exchange of part of his property 
at Salisbury, including his house, with Ezekiel Knights of 
Wells, taking the latter's house and lands at Wells, where he 
removed in chai-ge of the Gorges Colony. This deed from 
Ezekiel Knights was signed l)y wife, Ann. Rev. John Wheel- 
wright was a witness. Ezekiel Knights liad previously received 
grants of land at Salem, Mass. After remaining a short time 
at Salisbury he returned to Salem, Mass. 

Before permanently removing to Wells, 1044, 30 Oct., "it 
was ordered by General Court that " Mi'. Samuel Dudley, Mr. 
Carlton and Mr. John Sanders of Salisl)ury shall be commis- 
sioners to hear and examine all matters concerning Mi*. Batch- 
eller (the minister), who had come to the colony from Newton 
Stacy, Hants. Rev. Mr. Batcheller was a very aged minister 
at this time; the company at IlamptiJU was without a minister 
and they very much desired Rev. Mr. Batcheller to assist in 
founding that colony. From Hampton records we find, lf'»43-4, 
granted " to John' San<lers, as well as to William English, ten 
aci'cs for a house lot to -January, if becomes within six weeks.'" 

"Granted ten acivs also to AVilliam English (he was a 
wealthy ship owner) if lit; comes within same " "" "" eleven 
acres '" * " one-half of '•'' * * one-half near, one-half further 
off." This colony was formed l)y Rev. Stei)hen Batcheller, 
then 7" vears old. lie had ijreat chari):;es for the furtherance 
and upholding of the same, yet never had any maintenance 
from tiieu whatsoever." 

Siiunders. 4li 

Among tlie names of the ui'igiii:il |>r<>[)rietors of this colony 
of iraiiipton are the fullnwini;: 
-lohn' Sanders, 

Willi Sanders ami KnKard Sanders, 
William Englisli, 
Ivev. Stephen Batelieller, 
John Cliffurd, 
Henry Elkins, 
Rev. Samuel Dalton, 
T(jl)ias Hanson 
The two Verney brothers, 


John Garland, 
Philemon Dickerson. 
(Tiu!se names rcpresciir lainilies wlioiii I liiid residents in I lie parish of 
Dowiiton, Conuty Wiltz, 1600-23.) 

Sevei-al of tlic original names in this colony are continued in 
the lineal lines herein ti-anscnbed. 

1048, 7 May. Mr. Willie Paine, Mathew Page and .lolm' 
Sanders are appointed to settle bounds between Hampton tnid 
Exter within two months. 

John' Sanders continued to live at Wells though his luisi- 
ness enterprises extended through parts of Massachusetts, Xcw 
Hampshire and Maine. These states were at this time part of 

ir»51-12-13, John Sanders was granted forty acres. This 
errant was at Poxford, wlien later it was extended to hut acres. 
1G51. "Granted John Sanders in right of his father, Hcnrv 
Sandys, forty acres." 

Tlius it would signify that the father of John Sanders so 
granted, w^as Henry Scmdcrs. The only Sanders in thec(Jony 
at this time by name Henry, was Henry, son of Sir Edwin 
Sanders. Could records point more closely, who was the an- 
cestor of .John Sanders the first? In later generations we have 
tlie sir luime John and Henry followed in lineal line l)y his 
descendants. I write the names as they are spelled in the 
records. I am inclined to believe that the words Sandys was a 

r)0 Foiiiider^ of Mdsxdchiixf'ifx Ihaj (Jolovij. 

clerical errui-, ;iii(l tliat the original name was SaiKlurs. I find 
in English records the later generations have added the " ii "" 
to the name, as was done here in the seventeenth century, and 
generally it is written "Saunders." 

" Boxford, where this grant was located, was then called 
Rowley Village, and considered a jxirt of Salem. It followed 
the banks of the Ipswich river down to Salem l)()unds." In 
the records of the town of Boxford is the following : — 

" To John Sanders in I'iglit of his father, Henry Sanders, 
two hutwired aci'es. hoiiiided northerly hy the line of tlie Meri'i- 
mack and a pond, east hy an undivided liiu% first lot, IT)!)!*." 
John^ Sanders was freeman and attended the General Court for 
many years. 

Lieutenant John Sanders, as is now written, was not always 
in accord with the I'uling judges of the General Court; he was 
perhaps a little too self-asserting in his opinions, as the follow- 
ing record would imply. 

General Court, 1651-7-7, John' Sanders, for his mutinous 
and offensive speeches, is fined £5-0 and enjoined to acknowl- 
edge his fault at Ham})ton. — {Rec.^ Yul. 2 jk 32.) 

This he prol)al)ly did in a graceful speech when he paid his 
fine, for he continued to he a memlter of the General Court 
until he died. 

ir)59, May. At the General Court at their session " appointed 
Abraham Preble in company with Capt. Nicholas Sliapleigh, 
Mr. Edward Ilisworth and Lieut. John Sanders, to run the 
dividing lines of Falmouth, Saco and Seasborough. 

It was at this time that there was a desire for a division of 
the states and many in this plantation of the Gorges wished a 
separate government. 

1G53, July. "John' Sanders was among those at Wells who 
acknowledged themselves subject to the Govei-nor of Massa- 

During the following years we find him administering to 
many wills and estates, settling disputes, settling lands in Hamp- 
ton, Haverhill and Salisbury, and attending to his duties at the 
General Court. 

Saunders. 51 

16()(>. IK' was a iik'IiiIh.t nl' tlic (Ji'aiul .1 hit. callt'il Sciiatdf. 

From tlie histury ot Maine wo note: 

" 'I'lie first houses of Wells were hiiilt iKjar the New Island 
Le(l>i;e Iloiisr. mi or alioiit Uial-ce's Ivlainl ami (Ui tlic island 
hetwecii that ami Little ri\er. dohii ISander.s lived on tlieeast- 
ern side of Little river on l.iiid now owned hv llenr\- Ilai-t. 
They were a few days'" journey from York, having n(» road>, an(| 
were obliijed t(j tr.ivel where the horse could find tract. The 
works at Monsen, the houses of John Saiulers and llaniiniTj 
were the only bnildinijs which were known to have been on 
wliat is now the territory of Kennebiudv. The wilderness was 
elsewhere untouched bv man." 

"In the Registry of Wills at Salem, Mass., we liml liichard 
Dole to John Dole by [)ower of attorney given 9 day May 
liI7". ami now upon reeoril for Norfolk liber 7-3 p of ye 7 
book doth appear by virtue of pt)wer of said Richai'd Dole 
agent, or attorney for -loliii Sanders of Weeke in ye Parish of 
Downton within ye county of Wiltz in old England, I'tc, dis- 
posed of a lot of land in ye town of Salisbury, consisting of a 
one and twenty lot and a numljer of othei's, and a thirty acre 
lot belono;in<i- to ve common rialit Ivinii- in ve joint division 
etc., etc.'' 

liouEui' I'lKK, Asst. 

Stei'iikn Sewki.l, lieg. 

(Robert Pike was liusbaiul to Sarah Saiulers, daugiiter nl' .lolmi Sanders, 
and brother inlaw to John- Sanders.) 

Thus we have inscribed John Sanders of Weeke, in vc 
J*arish of Downton within ye county of Wiltx in old EnglaiMJ. 
and to that |)arish and thatc(Mnity we credit the ancestry of the 
lineal branch of Saunders comprised in this genealogy. I'roni 
coriesi)ond(;nce with the Vicar (.tf tlu- Parish of Downton, 
Salisburw I have obtaineil the>e reeoids of births, niarriaires 
and deaths of the family of Saunders of *' Weeke." He writes: 
'"The family was one of position and importance in that county. 
Uj)(tn their estate were once two large iiouses, substantial and 
of importance, one now lia\'ing been jiulled down to give place 
t(; a lari^er house.'" The laniiK name seems to lia\i' been 

52 FoinxJers of Alassachusetts />'/// Colony. 

spelled then as now, geiierullj Avitli the " u," thuu*i,h in his 
manuscript I notice frequently the clerical mistake of the omis- 
sion of the "u" in the same family, copied fi-om the orii;inal 
records. The crest horn hj this branch of the family in 
Amei'ica was the Elephant's head, found u})on the earlier wills, 
yet there is some i)late existinii; in the same family hearin"- the 
crest of the Boar's head, proving that both crests were used. 

The faujily of Coles, with wliom John Saunders was united 
l)y marriage, was also a family of importance. Barnaby Coles 
of Downton, 1611. His arms also disallowed 162o; was pos- 
sessor of " Barford," a large estate in the list of family pedi- 
grees of Wiltshire, England, which eventually came into pos- 
session of the Duncombes. 

1613. John Coles was born at Downton. l^.VJ. l)ai'naby 
Coles died at Downton, Wiltshire, England. In 1655 Widow 
Coles, John Coles, Nicholas Coles, and Wm. Coles were at 
Wells, Maine, together with flolm Saunders: Anne Coles, wife 
of Capt. Keane, was granted 500 acres at Wells, Maine; they 
sigued and acknowledged themselves subject to the Govern- 
ment of Massachusetts, July 5, 1655. This was at the request 
of the General Court. llol)ert Coles and John- Saunders were 
members of Endicotts company at Salem, Mass., 162s. 

I was much mislead in my early research, by the conlii('ting 
names and dates given by Sa\-age of this fanjily, and it has 
been only after careful research of the state and probate recoixls 
of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine, and a thorough 
study of Early English history, and Colonial Records of J^oii- 
don, and a careful conq)arison of the dates and records of the 
Peerage, and the histories of Wiltz County, England, that I 
feel justiiied in asserting, that in most of the records in this 
instance, that Savage showed almost, an entire ignorance, of 
the history of the family, wdien he wrote his record. There is 
such a wide variance of dates, facts and occupations, of this 
numerous family, in his account that 1 found it dithcult to 
follow; though in some instances he is correct. I am not sur- 
prised however, for this has been a very conflicting skein to 

iSuundef'S. 53 

Hester, the wife of .loliii' Samler?, died lux'viimsly t(.> 1070 
for Ity ]ii.< will, wo tiiid he has a fourth \\\\\\ Ami, (siiipposud 
to have hceii the \vi(K)\v of EzeUial Kni^lits and daughter <jf 
Kev, dohii Wheelurij^dit.) lie died in July 107(>. His will 
made 13 June, 107O, probated August 3, 1070, names wife 
Ann. and son Thomas, to wlii(di his homestead was given. To 
his sun he gives 1(»()() aeres, eight <»r nine miles above C.'ape 
P<irj)oise, River Falls, and to all the residue of his chihh-en 
eijual shares in his real estate. This vast pro])erty extended 
throUirh what is now Maine, New Hami)shire, and latei' in the 
seventeenth i^eneration we find the Saunders familv in posses- 
sion (d' maiiv proi)rietorship grants through ^lussachusetts 
and New Hampshire, ])resuniably through this inheritance. 
In my supposition that John' Sanders was the son ot Henry 
Sanders, it would place the latter as the sou of Sir p]dwiii. who 
was the son of Sir Samuel Sanders. 

Joliid Sanders was closely connected both by m;iri-iage and 
interests with the two branches of this fanuly. His descend- 
ants continued their English interests and profession, building- 
ships and commanding them, coloinzing Virginia, the Carolinas, 
Connecticut. Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
and Maine, and in the eighteenth century this same wild love 
of adventure caused the sons of Capt. Henry Saunders (Thorn- 
dike William and Edward) to extend their business relations to 
every state in tlic far "West ; and their sons to-«hiy claim the 
most prondneut states (»f the West ;.s their home. In I^.">+ a 
still later generation, Henry and Charles Saunders, grantlson> 
uf Capt. Henry Saunders, were among the forty pioneers to 
populate Kansas, and in the thrilling stories of this last gener- 
ation, of their sull'erings and trials, treacheries from the Indians, 
and attempted legislation for the slaves, and in ihe history (d 
the border wars of Kansas, in which Colonel Henry Saunders 
nobly particii)ated, we realize again what a struggle for existance 
our early forefathers must have had and what noble courage 
they must have possessed to have lived, sulferivl. an. I <lied for 
their adopted country. 

54 Founder f< of ^lasaachd setts Bay Cohmy. 

In John' Sanders we tind a man of tlie strictest inteirritv, of 
liberal ideas, and hy his enterprise and faith in the New World 
deserves much mure recognition than I can give in this little 
volume, lie was scarcely a sympathizer with tiie strict puri- 
tanical principles of the early settlers, as his staunch friendship 
for and jirotection (»f Rev. Mr. Wheelwright would indicate; 
yet I judge him to have l)iien of true English Episcopal faith, 
and to have borne a liber d and muniticent charity toward all 
mankind. This simple narrative of his ])ioneer life is all that 
can be gathered from the records, but of their sufferings, strug- 
gles, home sickness and perhaps despair, uo one but God could 

THIRD gi:nrration. 

JoHX-^ Saxdkrs, (son of John- Sandei's and PrisciJla (Grafton) 
baptised tirst church Salem, l-!'-l(;4(i. pi-obably received as 
liberal an education as the colony alTorded, and that could not 
have been meagre, foi" the ministers of those times were 
teachei's, as well as ministers, and most learned men. 

JoiiN'^ Sanders was left with a good property and his familv 
were the substantial men of the colony. He was eai'l}' accus- 
tomed to the sea, making 'uany voyages to England and the 
Barbados. During his life he was the owner of the first 
wharfs and built some of the first ships of Salem. He acted 
as magistrate in the settlement of wills, such as settling the 
estate i>f Mi's. (loodell and John Friends. 

The former one of the 1 irsre.'it land owners in Die colony. 
He alsofrerpiently sailed as cai)tain of his own ships. 1679-April 
11, he returned from a voyage as commander of the " William 

•Saunfhr.s. 55 

and flidiii."" l)i'iiii>iiiii' iikidv nassi'iiiii'i's to tlic colonv. A low 
book of his giving- suiUKliiiii's at lliirhados ;niil other points I 
have; it having Itoon the property of my grandfather, Caittain 
IleiHT Sunndei's, 

-loiiN'^ Sanueks, bapti/ed l-D- l«)4n. \v;is man-ied by Major 
llathniin'. Novenil)er 5. Ifilil. to Hannah, (huighter of Nathan- 
iel an<I Tabitlia Pickinan, (born 1042) slie died Mareh In, ITUO 
aged 05 years. 108S. Nathaniel Picknian received grant of 

*• 1638. (Granted to Nathaniel Pitman a portion of land nere 
about twenty acres lying next unto the widow Dikes land nn 
the south side of Forest River." In the early records this is 
all the land 1 lind accorded to Nathaniel Pickman, but he 
either accpiired moi-e in this location, or it was jiurchased later 
from j)rivate parties by John-^ Sanders, for we find a testinxtny 
in conit as to the ownership (jf this said property at Forrest 
River, now South Salem. It was settled in court as belonsinir 
to John Sanders and then t-ontained KM) acres. 

'"IGOo. JoiiN-^ Sandkks i)urchased of Dr. Parton the tract 
of land which is now Essex street, extending from AV^ashington 
street in a northerly dii-ection to North street, and thence from 
the waters edije to bevond what was called the Noi'th l-'ields. 



1674, .liily 27. Joii.n^ Sanukks fonvcys to Josiuli Soutbwick, 
biishandniaii, luilf an acre of salt marsh, be it iiiorc or less situ 
ate lyinjr and liciiii: in S.-ilciii ahdvc tiir cnrii iiiiil in liic Norlh 
Hiver: and l)OUMilcd easterly with some upland nf the widow 
BuH'um and southerly by some marsh of Kiehard Jiishop, and 
west southerly with some salt marsh of ye said Hulfum, north 
erly liy some marsh of Kii hard Hisboit and west southerly with 
ye river of .Millford, to liave and to bold, etc , ete." 

.John'i Sanders owned ibis to be bis own aet and deed. 27-")- 

U)fil-5-8. JohnS Sanders and John Kitdien convey to Joiin 
Williams, seaman, ten acres of upland lyiui,-^ and l)einii: scituale 
wit inn ye township of Salem aforesaid, in a field called ye Norlli 
Field, ])Oundi.'d l)y ye land of Kobert Hutl'um, westward wilb ye 
land Li'nst that uf .lubn Williams, boderin.ii soiiliiward by ye 

56 J-'^otimlers of 3tassachusetts liny Cohmy. 

maish of Thomus Spooiier, uiul iiort.hwaid with ye hij;'li\vay.s 
wliicli go tlirougii the ten-acre lot, cte., &c. 

(Sigued,) John Kitchen, With a Seal. 

John Sandkks, Witli a Seal. 
Thomas Hale, ) 
John Putnam, |- Witiici^Ncs. Notary, Wm. Hathoune. 


III the will of Nathaniel Pickinan, Salem, Mass., dated Sept., 
1684, liequeathintr certain lands to his daughter Hannah, wife 
of John'^ Sanders, he appoints his son-in-law, John Saunders, 
executor. In this will we find the name Sanders has assumed 
the addition of a letter and the name is spelt " Saun." This is 
the first notice in colonial records of the name with the '" u '' 
annexed. From this time on it occurs with more and more 
fre({ucncy, until wc find that descendants of this line a.ssumed 
the proprietorship of the name Saunders instead of Sanders at 
the heginnintr of the seventeenth century. 

In 1680 Captain John"^ Sanders, accompanied hy his wife, 
Hannah, visited the island of 13arl)ados. At this time the I'ick- 
mans were also interested in the trade with this island and in 
1604 was recorded the death of .lolin Pickman, dying there at 
the age of eighteen years. Captain John'^ Sanders may possibly 
have made the trip to Barbados in the William and John, as he 
was in command of that sloop Aug. 11, 1670, {Sa/e/n records.) 
From a list of ])ersons in the town of St. Michaels, Barbados, 
Anno. 1680, we find John Sanders, wife, two children and 
slave. This slave must have been a valuable one, for Captain 
John'^ Sanders mentions h'wn partiGidarly in his will, probated 
Nov. 26, 1(504. In the probating of the will of Nathainel Pick- 
man, there seetns to have l)een some suspicion of undue infiu- 
ence as regards the disposal of the })roperty, and Johir'^ Saiulers, 
his son-in-law, refused to be executor. There seemed to be 
other trouble in the settlement of the estate, and in Book 7, 
page 42, Probate Records, we find the following: — 

" Jolui Hill testified yt .sometime in ye fall of ye year 1683 Mr 
Simon Willanl and I was desired l)y Mr. Alexander Cole to go 
along with him and see his father-in law, Natlianiel Pickman 
Sr. , lay out and deliver unto him, a parcel of land which his 

Saunders. 57 

suitl latlier in law hiuliiivuii him. Sue wc Ixjtli wcul uloiig witli 
him, and I did then sec his aforesaid father-in-law, Nathaniel 
Pitkman Sen, measure out unto him, ye aforesaid Alexan<ler 
C%)le, and deliver him, thirty foot in breutli. adjoinini;- unto ye 
land of Mr. Joiin Sandi'rs. and to the nortiiward tiicrcljy tlu; 
cove, and sed Nathaniel Picliman did then stake it out lu him, 
and said he gave it to him ; his said .son in law, Alexamler Cole. 

Swornc,, Feb. (!, 10X4-"), before uie, 

John IIatiiorne, AmI. 
Read in court, tialem, June 80, 1685, and to be inscribed as 

John Appleton, Cleric hs." 

'■ Mr. Simon Willard testified that some time in ye fall of yc 
year 1683, John Hill and I was desired by Mr. Alexander Coles 
to goe along with him, and see hisfather in law, Nathaniel Pick- 
man Senr., lay out and deliver unto him a parcU of land, wiiich 
his said fathcr-inlaw had given him. .Soe we both went along 
with him, and I did there see his aforesaid father inlaw, Na- 
thaniel Pickman, measure ont unto ye aforesaid Alexander Cole, 
and deliver him thirty foot of land in breath, adjoining unto ye 
land of Mr. John Sanders, and to the northward thereof, and .so 
Id run to the land where Alexander Cole now dwells ; westward, 
the same breath of thirty foot down to the cove. 

Said Nathaniel Piekmandid then stake it out to him, and sayd 
he gave it unto him, his son-in law, Alexander Cole. 
Sworn Feb. 6, 1684-."i, before me, 

John Hathorne, At text. 
Owned in court, Salem, June 30, 1685, and ordered to be recorded 
attested. John Appleton, Cleric us." 

The controv^ersy between the heifs lasted fonr years, and it 
was not until March 22, 1088-9, that a notice of arbitration 
was given, and a settlement by the courts declared. 

We whose names are underwritten being chosen 

Arljitration as Arbitrators by Nathaniel Pickman, son of 

coneerinng Nathaniel Pickman deceased. John Sanders, 

Pickman Mary Hodges, and Bethiah Hill, and Lieut. 

A: John Pickering, attorney to Edmund Feversham 

to settle account with Jeremiah Neal as adminis- 

tratorto tiie estate of Nathaniel Pickman aforesaid decea.sed ; 

and to order that ac(|uitance and full discharge be given 

to said Neal, as he is administrator to aforesaid estate, from 

under ye hands and seals of all the persons named above, accord- 

58 Founders of Massachusetts llaij Colony. 

intr to law upon dcinaiid, and so make division of the; remainder 
ol' ye estate aceordino- to the 1)est of our discretion, and under- 
standing, as dotli to us, and may appear fmm under tlie iiands 
(if tlie above named jiersons, bearing ilate 19 day Jaiuiary 

" We having accordingly, fully examined the accounts of 
every kind and nature given in by Jeremiah Neale as adminis- 
trator, with free and joint consent, determine and tinally award 
as followeth : 

Impr. That LieiUenant Jeremiah Neal shall have five shil- 
lings in money paid him out of the estate remaining, and have 
full actpiitance and discharge given him under the hands and 
seals, of all the above named persons, upon demand and accord- 
ing to law. with resjiect to his administration upon the said 
I'ickman estate. 

Second. That Xathauiel Pickmau, st)n of ye aforesaid Pick- 
man deceased, shall have his fathers wearing apparel, and what 
small things are now in his custodj' as were liLs father's, and 
that li'tK rliililroi shall have the direUina /loiist where he now 
liveth, with "/tr (/nxrfcr j/urf of the land adjoining, which is yet 
unsold, to be equally divided amongst them, as they shall come 
of age : and their father to have present ])ossession of ye same, 
with all ye appurtenances belonging to it, in their behalf, and 
for their use when they come of age, and the said Pickman to 
sign to quit claims, unto all the parcel of land which are sold 
already and may lie sold. 

Thirdly, that the remainder of the estate of the sd Pickman, 
disccased, as laud, and be with (jonvenient speed sold, and ye 
liniduce thereof bedivided l)etween John Sanders, Mary Hodges, 
Bethiah Hill and Edmund Fevershani, proportionably, accord- 
ing to the legacies given them in tlieir father's will, so cdllefl. 
We nominate and appoint our loving friend. Lieutenant John 
Pickering, and Mr, ^Fanasock ]\Iarstau, or either of them, with 
ye advice of Mr. Joiix Sanders, to sell the remainder of the 
estate as lauds, itc., of sd Pickman, deceased, which is yet un- 
sold, and see the division be made, among the fore mentioned 
children, proportionately as lielore ordered by us arbitrators. 
In testimony of our full, free and joint consent, to this errand 
as a full and tinal issue witii respect to all persons concerned, 
with the above said estate of Nathaniel Pickman deceased, we 
have set our hands and seals this 31 day, January 1687-8. 

Ben.i.v.min Gekrisu. and a seal. 
SriiPUEN Sewkll, and a seal. 
George De.vxe, 
Smith Toppan. 

Saunders. 59 

The decree of the court is a satisfactory ])roof tliat tlie will 
probated l()7(i was judged not to have been made according to 
the last wishes of the deceased or his family. 

We sec by this decision that Jon.x'^ Sandkks was brother-in- 
law til .Maiy lI(Mly;L'f<, liethiah Hill, Alexander Coles and 
Edmund Feveivsham ; the latter was not living in the colony at 
the time; he was supposed to have l)een in England or the 

(^nery — Who was ^Iv. Edmund Feversham ? Was he a de- 
scendant of Lctrd Feversham of Kent, England, who is men- 
tioned in the pedigree of Duncond) of Barford "as Lord Fever- 
sham of Kent and Haron of Downton, County Wiltz ? 

Again we note " J*robate Records, August 15, 1<)S5." 

"Til all chiislian people, to whom this present ruling .shall 
eonie, I, Joseph Haidy senior, of ye town of Salem, in ye 
county of Essex, in New England Mariner, send greeting, know 
ye, that ye said .Tosei)h llardic, as well for and in consideration 
of the natural atfcction and love such I have and do have unto 
my Will lii'loved son in-law, ]\Ir. Benjamin Piekman, of ye town 
of Salem, in ye county of Essex, in Xew England, mariner, who 
married my daughter Elizabeth, as also for divers other good, and considerations, we at this present moving, have 
given granted and by these presents, I Joseph Hardy senior, do 
give, grant, and confirm, unto ye said Benjanuu Piekman, his 
heirs, and assigns forever, a small parcel or cjuantity of land 
lying and being in ye town of Salem, in ye county of E.ssex, in 
New England, being by estimation a ijiiKrtcr t>f an acre, he it 
more or less upon which land ye old Benjamin Piekman his 
dwelling housi- now standeth, and is in length north and south 
seven poles and in breath east and west six poles five feet, and 
is boimdcd innih, and south, with ye land of Mr. Joseph Hardj^ 
senior, in ye west with ye land yt was formerly Goodman 
Jiggles senior his laud ****** eastward with ye highways 
belonging to those that live there abouts. 

JosKPii H.VKDY, seal. 

Bkn.iamin Haudy, 

Fkancis Nkal. 

James Hatuohne, Asst." 

.\pril :;, H)8!>. Nathaniel Piekman, rAV/w S(nider>i senior, Mary 
Hodges, /rliuliiii Hill, .Ir., and Lieutenant John Pickering, 

60 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colo'tiy, 

attorney to Ednmnd F'evershani, all of Salem, released Mr. 
Jeremiah Neal of his administratorship and coulirm all transac- 
tious he has made. 


John Sanders, and a seal. 
Nathaniel Pickman, and a seal. 
Hannah Makston, \ 

JOSEIMI PhU'PEN, Ji{. , - WitlUiSS. 

Phillip Hill, ) 

Maky Hodoes, X her mark and ;i seal. 

Zebulum Hill, and a seal. 

John Pickekin(;, and a seal. 
lioiJEK'l' GlUBS, ) Witness to NdtlKiukl Pkl-mdii 

William Redeohd, \ xcdfi/if/ mid deliveriiKj. 

Attornt}/, Willia.m Bkown. 

Thus ended the famous Pickman controversy, and this estal»- 
lished to Benjamin Pickman, brother to Nathaniel Pickman, 
liis (luarter of an acT<' (jf land, April 3, lOSl). 

In 1090 Ca|)tain Joun^ Sandkks was about to make another 

voyage to Europe, ainl before departure he j)laced at the county 

registry at Salem, Mass., the following deed, I'ecorded 13 -'uly, 

lODO :— 

"Know all men by these presents, that I, John>5 Sanders of 
Salem, in New England, mariner, have assigned, ordained and 
made, and in my stead and place jait, and constitute, my beloved 
wife, Hannah, to be my tiaie, lawful attorney for me, and in my 
name, as to my use, to ask, sue for, lesage, re(iuire, recover and 
reserve, of all and eveiy person and persons whatsoever, all and 
evei'V sueii debts, dues, sums of money, or other goods or mer- 
chandise as are now due to me, or wliicli any day or days, time 
or times iiereaft:<'r, shall be due, owing or belonging, or apper- 
taining, rents me by any manner of ways or means wh'tsoever, 
giving or granting unto my sd attorney, by tlu^ tenor of these 
presents, my full and wliok; forme, strength, and authority, in 
and about ye premises, or upon ye receipt of any such debts, 
dues, sums of money, or other goods aforesaid ac(iuittances. or 
other discharges, for me and in my name, to make sale, and de- 
livi;r, and all and every other act (jr acts, thing or things, * * 
to have, etc. J(MIN Sanoeks, and a seal. 

HiLLIARD VeREN, ] ,,.•, ,^, 

Thomas Gardner, ) 


This probal)ly was the last voyage of Ca])tain Johir'^ Sanders 
to England. Though comparatively a yoniig man, he reared ;i 

rfl '. 

^ s 





Saunders. •il 

large family in attliieiice for those early times. He was prom- 
inent, wealthy aiitl honest, and leaves a reeord of usefulness 
and res[)ectabiiity that would come hut fi-oni the strictest integ- 
rity of the record of a lifetime. His health failed him, and 
anticij)ating the care and res})onsihility ot a division of his prop- 
erty after his death, he wisely j>rovidcd for it by will. 

At the Registry of Wdls, Salem, Mass., is recorded the fol- 
lowing : — 

"Xov. 2(i, 1694. 
Ill tliu uanie of God, Amen. 

I, .Jolin Sanders, of Salem, sick, and weak in l)ody, but tlirough 
(lOil's iidodiicss, of perfect mind and memory, and not knowing 
how siuidin my ciianne may come, doe make this to be my last 
will and testament, and doe dispose of what outward estate God 
hath given me in this world. Imp. As to my funeral charges, 
and just debts be paid by my executors hereafter named. Imp. 
I give unto my wife, ilannaii, all my n^al estate, housings and 
lands, seiluale and being in Salem, during her natural life, and 
also to my wife, Hannah, all my i)er.sonal estate ; that is to say 
moneys, gcjods, hou.sehold stuif and plate ; as also ///// negro man, 
Saniho, during her natural lite or so long as she shall remain my 
widow, and at my wife's decease I give unto my son, Benjamin 
Sanders, this my new dwelling house, ami land, excepting ye 
piece of land 1 hoinjJit of !h-. Ihirion 

I also doe give unto my son, Benjamin Sanders, my irarc/iouse 
and w/i(irfs ainl the lands thereunto adjoining, after my wife's 

I give unto my son, William Sanders, all that my farm, all 
through Forest River, so called, after mv wife's death. 

I give unto my daughter llaimah, after my wifes decease, 
that piece of land I bought of Dr. Barton. I give unto my 
daughter Elizabeth, after my wife, decease, the acre of salt 
marsh, be it more or less of it, lyeth and is situate in ye Xorth 
Fields, so called. 1 give unto my two daughters, Hannah and 
Elizabeth, after my wifes decease, or at the time of the marriage 
of my said wife, if it so happen, all my real estate, that is to say 
moneys, goods, household stuif, plate and negro man Sambo, to 
be equally divided l)etween them, Hannah and Elizabeth. 

Also my will is, in ease my wife Hannah should marry again, 
that after her marriage there shall be no wood, nor timber, cut 
nor carried from the sd farm at Forest River. I ajjpoint and 
constitute my wife Hannah, to God sole e.xetri.v of tliis, my 
last will, and testement. Lastly I appoint my loving friend, 
Captain Steven Sewell, I.t. Robert Hilxjon and Benj., 

62 Founders of Massachit setts Bay Colony. 

overseers to this my will duly and truly performed. In testi- 
niouy whereof I have set my iiaiid and seal this fourth day of 
May, 1694. 

John Sanders. 

Robert Kitchen, 

Ben.t. Gerrish, 

Bettina Kitchen. 

(This will was sealed with wax upon which 

is the impress of a seal bearing an Elephant's 
head, side view, stdl reniainiiit;- intact. The 
crest of the Sandys arms is an Elephants head, 
side view.) — [Ihwk'fi llvrnhlrii.) 

Over. By the Honorable Bartholomew Gedney, Esq., judge 
of Probate of Wills, and granting letters of administration in 
said count}', November 26, 1694. Mr. Robert Kitchen, ilr. 
Benjamin Gerrish ami ;Mr. Bethia Kitchen made oath that they 
saw Mr. John Sanders sign and declare ye within Avritten docu- 
ment and heard him publish and declare it to be his last will and 
testament, antl that he then was of disposing mind to their best 
discerning and they ye dejionents then subscribed as witnesses 
then'of u])on which his will was jtrovcd ap]winted and allowed." 

AH. Stephen Sewei.l. 

I have briefly passed over the record of (Jai-tain Joiin'^ San- 
ders' life, and will now take iiji the several lines of his chil- 
dren, in so far as to give the disposal of his property and t(^ 
touch upon in a general way the cause of the omission from his 
will of his sons John^, William, Nathaniel and James, each of 
whom was married and estal)lishcd fpr(J)al)ly by his generosity) 
previously to his death. 

Saunders. 03 


The children of -lohn'* Sanders and Hannah Pickman, mar- 
ried Nov. 5, IGOl, by Major llathorne, were ; — 

1. i>A^'/////^<'r Hannah, b. lo-l 1-1662. 

2. Benjamin, b. 16G8-4 : died before 1700 ; will probated 1695. 

3. S'iu John, b. 23-10-166o. 

4. Son James, b. 23-7-1667 ; m. ElizHbeth Whittier June 22-1699: 

died Dec. 9. 1721. 

5. Sou William, b. 1668 ; in. Bridget, daughter of Abagaii and 

John Sinitli ; Itap. Aug. 1672. 

6. Xatiianikl. b. 2-7-1670; in. Abigail, 1700; settled iu 


7. Joseph, b. 21-6-1673 ; d. 7-6-1674. 

8. Ei.i/.ARKTH. v.. Aug. 28, 1678 ; d. 1708, aged 30 years. 

Of these children (1.) Hannah Sanders, born Nov. 1.5, 1002, 
married, first, Thomas Flint, wlio lived but a short time. At 
the time of her brother Benjamin's death, 1095, she was desig- 
nated in his will as " his loving sister, Hannah Flint.'' Previous 
to IToi* she became the second wife of Samuel Southwick. son 
of Johir Southwick. 

(2.) Benjamin Sanders, born Ii>()3, never married. He was 
a mariner by profession, seemingly a Godly man, much beloved. 

(8.) JoHx^ Sanders, born Oct. 22, 1005, received his educa- 
tion in Saleni. lnit early in life folhjwed the seas. At twenty- 
one years he was in command of the ship *' John '' and in 1087 
made a voyage to England. At the age of twenty-three years 
lie married Return Shattnck. The family were (Quakers and 
with them he sought a more retired life in the unsettled p(jrtion 
of New Hampshire, as the sect was looked upon with mnch 
disfavor in Salem. 

(4.) William, boi-n ItiOS, mai'ried Bridget Smith, d.iughter 
of John and Abigail Smith. He settled in Boston, and at the 
time of ills father's death was an importer and merchant. 

64 Foundei'ii of Massachusetts Bay Colom). 

(5.) ,Iaiues Saiulers settled in llaveiliill ; iiiarried Elizabeth 
Whittier June 2:3, lO'.t'J : he died Dec. 9, 1721. 

(<i.) Joseph Sanders died young. 

(7.) Nathaniel, with wife, Abigail, settled in Gloucester in 
1700 and engaged in the building of ships. His son Thomas 
built a house in Salem on the property John-^ Sanders pur- 
chased of Dr. Barton ; so stated in his will. (Essex street, near 
North street.) 

(8.) Elizabeth was unmarried and died at tliirt}' years of age. 
She is buried in the Charter Street Burying Ground, beside her 
parents, and well preserved grave-stones mark the graves. 

In following the disposal of the property through the records 
I find that Hannah Pickman Sanders was well worthy the trust 
imparted to hei', but she was soon called u[)on to pass through 
another sorrow. Her son Benjamin must either have been in 
})Oor health or had a premonition of coming death, for previous 
to sailing on what jiroved to l)e his last voyage, he disposed of 
in the following manner, the property recently inherited from 
his father. 

Register of AYills. Probate Office, Salem. 

In the Name of (rOil, Amen. 

Tlie 8th day of .lune, Anno Domino, 1G9.1. 
I, Benjamin Sanders, of the town of Salem, in the eounty of 
Essex, in New England, mariner, being bound a voyage to sea, 
and not knowing how it may please God to deal witli me, and 
considering tlie mortality and immortality of man's life, being 
now of sound and perfect memory, i)raised to God, do make and 
ordain this, my last will and testament, in manner and form 
following. I place and l)equealh mj' soul into the hands of 
Almiglity God, mj^ maker, hoping through the merits, death, 
and passion of .Jesus Christ, my only Savior and Redeemer, to 
receive free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins, and my body 
to christian buriel ; and as for that worldly estate, as the Lord 
hath bestowed upon me, I dispose thereof as foUoweth : Impri- 
mus. I give and bequeath unto mj- loving brother. William 
Sanders, the wareliouse and wharfs, with the land therein to 
belonging, scituate in the town of Salem aforesaid, near Mr. 
Timothy Lindall's warehouse, those i)remises being given me by 
my father, .John Sanders, dead, in his last will and testament. 
I say I give and bequeath the same with all ye profits, privi- 

Saunders. 65 

ledges ;iii(l niHKiIiiumcrs tluicor Ixldiigiiig, 1 any to liiiii, Ihe 
same William Suiulois, and his heirs forever. 

llcin — 1 give and lir(|iu:itli unio my dear and loving sister, 
Hannah Flint, my dwelling iiousc and land in Salem aforesaid, 
sl;in<ling between the house of Mr. Jolm Cornwells, to the west, 
and the house of Mr. Ilumplirey Coombs to the east. Also I 
give unto my said sister mj' whole estate, both real and personal 
of whatever nature, kind, or (juality, both in posse.ssion and 
reversion, and what maj' become due to me upon the voyage, I 
am now going in the Salem " (ially." If 1 sliouhl nnsearry and 
that l)e performed, I say 1 give and t)eiiueath the aforesaid 
(/iC'llii/f/ liousc and lands given me by aforesaid father, Mr. John 
Sanders, in his last will and testament, after my mother's death, 
together with all other of my estate as aforesaid in this second 
bc(iuest, unto my said sister, TTannah Flint, to be at her own 

Item — 1 do liercby ordain, constitute and appoint ui}' loving 
sister, Hannah Flint, to be my executor of tliis my last will and 
testament. In witness whereof I have here unto set my hand 
and seal at Salem this 8th day of June, IGD;"). 

" The word dwelling liouse interlined before." 

Benj. Sanders. 
(Seal of the Saunders crest, the Elephant's 

Signed, sealed, published and ileelared by Benj. Sanders 
to be his last will and testament. 

i Ei.iz.v Kevnok, 
-| Dkbora GooiiE, 
( Jonathan Corwin. 

In presence of \ Dkbora Gooiie 

.Mrs. Eliza Kenyor and Mrs. Debora Goode 
personally ajipeareil and made oath tluil they 
saw Benj. Sanders sign, seal and deliver j'e 
above written testament and heard him pub- 
lish and declare ye same to be his last will and 

E.\ .June '11. 

All. J.N. IIiGGiNSON, liegr. 
Ilaiiiiali I'iekmaii SandcM-s imi.-^t liavt- mci'itcil the confidence 
of licf liiishaiid to a great decree, and have been a woman of 
remarkable e.xecntive ability. She was virtually in ])Ossession 
of her hnsband's property for four years previous to his death, 
and seems to have manai^cd tlie business to the satisfaction of 
botli parent and children: we iind however that she was 
oljliged to often defend the l.)oundry of his proi)erty, even in 


J'hunders of MassachusetU Bay Colony. 

At the Probate Ofiice, Salem, wo find. 

" Evidence of ye bounds of Sunders fann recorded .June 18, 
1709. In testimony, .John Blancy senior and .loiiu Holmes of 
full aii'c saitb that we may well know a certain parcel of land 
that Captain .John Sanders, late of Salem, Mass., deceased, 
which land is in Salem, County of Essex, at ye head of a river, 
called Forest River : the which land is bounded on ye south, 
with land which was formerly George Darlings, now deceased, 
and is now already in j'e possession of his son, .Tames Darling ; 
further we testify that the divisinal fence as it now stands was 
and has been their settle bound for easterly for this twentj^ 
years. .Jno. Blaney, 

John Holmes. 

June 18, 1TG9. 

Evidence alxmt the Sanders farm recorded.'' 

This testimony was probated three 3'ears after her death, 
wliich occurred March IS, ITOH. Slie was 65 years old. In 
the old Charter street bnrying ground at Salem, adjoining the 
land whereon John Sanders built the ware house and his ships, 
he lies buried, and two well preserved tomb stones of verj' 
ancient desiu-n mark his grave and that of his wife. Near bv 
are buried their parents, Nathaniel and Tabetha Fickman, and 
beside them rests their oldest child, Elizabeth, who died un- 
married in 1708, aged 30 years. 


IHerF 'L'i-ES bur'E. 





F^Vme^'' W,75 to 
• Aged 4i>\;r|v3n-5 



r:,;,, .„:-.., A.,.,. 4.: 



After the death of both Captain Joluv^ Sanders and his wife 
Hannah, William Sanders, their son and heir to part of the 
estate, continued to conduct the business of ship l)uilding. 

Saunders. 67 

1710. "A liii,^h\vay is allowed at Salem, complaints were 
entered to the seleetnien of obstructions in the ancient, and 
usual liiii'lnvay for carts and horses and men, between Jose})h 
Allins, Phillij) Hill and Marshal Bacons, and the loharf -Aud so 
aloniij bv Mr. Sanders wa7'e liouse and Mr. Bartholomews ware 
house to the ])iteh of ye burying ifronnd." 

1711. "• J\Ii-. Bacon hud a shi]! on the stocks, too near the 
ware house wliicli lie was to lauticli, and then build us more on 
the spot. A committee was instructed to have the passage one 
rod wider." 

This wliarf was at the foot of Xorthey, now Liberty street. 
The burving ground mentioned is Charter Street burviiiir 
grouiul, which was adjacent to their ship yard. 

William Sanders, son of John and Hannah, now about 43 
years, and being weary of sea life, had established himself at 
Boston as an iinjiorting merchant. He disposes accordingly of 
a portion of his inheritance to Major Samuel Browne. 


"To all christian peoi)k' to whom these i>icsciits shall come, 
greeting. Know ye that William Sanders of Boston, county of 
Suirolk, ye province of Massachusetts Bay in New England, 
raerciiant. Agree witli ye free consent of ye Bridget Sanders, 
his wife, for ye consideration of ye sum of four hundred pounds 
current money of New England, to him in Hand and duly paiil 
l»y Maj(jr Sauuiel Browne Esqr. of Salem, in ye County of Essex, 
in ye province aforesaid, ye receipt hereof of said William San- 
ders doth hereby, and acknowledge, and himself shall l)e fully 
satisfied, contented, and of any other paymeut, and further of 
satisfaction, against, execute, and discharge, ye said Samuel 
Browne E.S(ir., his heirs, executors, administrators, hath bar. 
gained and sold, and dotli herebj' give, grant, bargain and sell, 
to said Samuel Browne, the aforesaid farm, scituatc in the town- 
ship of Salem, containing about lOO acres of upland meadows, 
marsh, and swampy land, more or less ; boimded by Frost tish 
brook southerly, \\) an Eln: 'I'ree that was marked X, then in a 
straight line to a great oak X near to George Darling's house, 
from there up a straight line, * * * being all within fence, 
excejiting about an acre of it upland left out. withnut a fence 
to northerly, together with yc m ir Unnm , and all other eililii'es 

68 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

thereon, with all of ye wood, timber, fences, stone, rocks, and 
mines generally. 

Signed, William Sandeks, 

Bridget Sanders. 
JosiMi Williams, ) ,,r., 
Nath'l Osgood, f *' Stephen Sewell, Baconler. 

Salem Probate Records, April 27, 1711. 

Again October 15, 1715. William Sanders, son of Jolin"^ 
Sanders and Hannah Pickman. niortages the following land to 
Samuel Ih-owne, Esq., declaring himself upon oath to he the 
rightful owner thereof: 

"A certain message or tenement situate, lying or being in 
Salem, aforesaid, consisting of a dwelling house, out house, and 
about 53 rods, a pole of land, northerly to ye street or highway, 
westerly to ye land, southerly to the laud that was formerly 
John Gardners, now in possessi(jn of Samuel Langsford ; easter- 
ly with ye land yet was Humphrey C'oombs, alsoe a cerlain 
meadow and irlun-f, situate in Salem, aforesaid, nigh a place 
known by ye name of huriiliKj <ir<iiiii(l pulnl iihirc, butted and 
bounded as fulhnvelh : Northerly and north easterly Av'ith ye 
laud yt was Alexander Coles, died, now in p(jssession of Michael 
Bacon ; easterly to Mr. Lindclls ware house, westerly to the 
salt marsh, or howsoever otherwise, Arc, itc. 

Signed, William Sanders. 

Stephen Sewell, Rccvrdcr. 

Oct. 29, 172U. Then received of William Sanders tti.") in full 
discharge of the mortgage, p. 

Samuel Browne. 
Being principal and interest of the above mortgage. 

Stephen Sewell, Ji/sftrc" 

The same day is recoi'ded where William Sanders sells to 

James Lindall, his uncle, a portion of this property. 

Oct. 29, 1720. Itecorded. 
Mr. William Sanders to James Lindall. 

Know all men by these presence that William Sanders of 
Boston, in ye county of Suffolk, in province of ye Massachu^ 
setts bay in New England, merchant, for and in consideration 
of ye sum of £38, to him in hand, well and truly paid by Mr. 
James Lindall, in ye county of Essex, and province aforesaid, 
Merch't, hath bargained and sold, and doth by these presents 
grant, bargain and sell, convey and confirm, unto j'e sd James 
Lindall, a certain wharf and wharfs land, scituale in Salem 
aforesaid, neigh and adjoining to ye burying point ; butted and 

Saunders. 69 

bouuded as t'ollowutii, vis: Wcstfily up 30 suit marsh, where 
it is thirty-two ftct in front, ami so to run ye same breath back ; 
easterly to ye burying point land, and bounded southerly with 
ye land of ye sd Llndall : easterly with ye burying point, north- 
I'rly with ye land that was Bcthiah Cole's, now in possession of 
Michael Bacon, and how soever otherwise. To have, and to 
hold, ye said wharf and wharf land, and wareiiouse thereon 
stamling. with all ye flats, jjrivilege and appurtenances, ways, 
casements, rights, immunities thereto, belonging or any way 
appertaining unto him, ye sd James Lindall, his heirs and 
assigns forever. As an estate of inheritance in fee, as fully and 
absolutely tu all intents and purposes, as I ye under might or 
could do. before ye sealing hereof, by force and venture of a 
deed of conveyance from my grandfather, Nathaniel Pickman, 
Senior, late of Salem, dead, unto my late father and mother, 
Hannah and John Sanders, as b\' deeil bearing date 18 Dec, 
1681, duly executed and recorded, reference whereto being had, 
and ye sd William Sanders doth for himself, his heirs, executors 
and administrators, covenant, promise, grant and agree to and 
with ye sd James Lindall, his heirs and assigns, in manner as 
following, vis: 'I'liat at and Ix'fore ye ensealing thereof, he is 
ye true and rightful owner of ye bargained premises, and every 
j)art thereof, and hath good right, full power, lawful authority. 
in his own name, to give, grant and convey ye same as afore- 
said ; and that its free, and clear, and fully and clearly execu- 
tors, acquitted and di.scharged of, and from all manner of former 
and other gifts, grants, sales, mortgages, or other incumbrances 
whatever. AVilliam Sanders, 

Witness, Samuel Lynde. Bridget Sanders. 

Suffolk Co., Boston, 24 Oct., 1720. Seal." 

By tliis deed is conveyed to James Lindall. husband to the 
sister of Hannah Pickman Saiidei's. the wliarf and warehonse 
at tlie foot of Northey, now Liberty street. 

Oct. 29, 1720. William Sanders sells house and lands in Salem 
to Paul Mansfield. "He conveys to Paul ]\Ianslicld a certain 
dwelling house, Jiousing. and '}',', poles of land, bour.dcd easterly 
on Humi)hrey Coondj's land, soutiierly on land formerly and 
near John Gardener's, westerly adjacent to the land which leads 
to ye water's side, and northerly on ye street or highway, or 
however bounded and rcpulcd to lie hounded, to have 
and to hold, ite., ite. * * * Siiiiicd. 

Wii.i.i.v.M Sandkhs, / o J 
1>i:ii)(;et Sanders. ) " ' 

WlhieiS SotilVlj^ S.XNtUKl. I.VNDK. 

Recorded (Jet. 2U, 1720. 

70 Founders of Massachitsetts Bay Colony. 

I have followed tlie life of William, son of Johir^ and Hannah 
Sanders, only so far as the disposal of a portion of the estate 
left him by his brother, Betijatnin, through the death of his 
father and mother. William Sanders died Jan. 4, 172i, aged 
56. Bridget Smith, born lfi72, wife of William Saunders, the 
above, was daughter of Abigail and John Smith, he the sup- 
posed grandson of Sir Hugh Smith of Ashton, Somerset, and 
his wife, Elizabeth, who was the daughter of Sir Edward Goi'ges 
of Langford, and Katherine. daughter of Sir Rob Osborn. 

The children of Sir Hugh Smith were : — 

1. Helen, m. Gibbons. 

2. Margaret, m. 1, Flemerv ; 2. Sir Francis Purjeau ; 3. Sir 

John Ward. 

3. Mary was maid of honor to Queen Elizabeth. 

4. .John. 

5. Bridget, who married Sir Robert Dilington. 

6. Henry. 

Saunders. 71 


I will now take up the lineal line of John"* Sanders whose 
baptism is recorded Urst church Salem, Mass. 

"John"* Sanders, son John and Hannah, horn 22-10-1605.'' 
lie was educated in Salem, and early in life followed the seas. 
At the age of twentv-one years he was in command of the 
ship, "John." and in 16S7 made a voj^age to England. IJe 
was married at Topsiield, 24 Sept. 1688, to Return, born 
August 16, 1662. daugliter of Samuel and Mary Shattuck. 
Samuel Shattuck was son of the widow Uamarius Shattuck, 
who afterward married Thomas Gardner (uncle by marriage to 
John^ Sanders.) The wife of John^ Sanders received her 
name Return on account of the happy return from England 
of her father with Royal Rescript of lenity to the Qualers, 
just previous to her birth. Hence the name Return. After 
his marriatje John^ Sanders for a time remained near the inter- 
ests of his wife's family, who had sought Xew Hampshire as a 
more agreeable place of residence, after leaving their farm at 

John'* Sanders, together with James his brother, occupied 
jointly the farm at Boxford, which their grandfather had re- 
ceived grant of in 1651. James Sanders had married Hannah 
Tewxbury. 20 October, 1687, one year previous to his brother's 
marriage, and the two families were at 13oxford, 1688. 

John* Sanders and his brother James were interested in 
lands at Haverhill, and it was probabably through inheritance, 
since John^ was so identified with the settlement of this poi"- 
tion of New Hampshire. 

John"* Sanders extended his enterprise to the Isle of Sholes 
where he built himself a '* mansion " at the point called "Sandys 
point" and they established a ferry communication with the 

72 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

main land. His neighbors Avere tlie most influential men of 
the day, William Wentworth, William Eno-lish and Governor 
Chute, (who mentions him in his diary). It is said of the 
dwellers of the Isle of Sholes "that they lived like Lords and 
were Monarchs of all tliej snrvej'ed.'" 

He continued his occupation of sea captain until 1710, when 
he became laro-ely interested in the ])roj)riet(»ry and settlement 
of liarverhill, afterwards his home for man}- years. 

John"* and James were both largely interested in real estate 
as the tnanj transfers of property at that time would indicate. 

Under the Haverhill grants to John^ Sanders we find " a 
grant of land No. 44." This is what is now known as Sanders 
Hill, on the road to Almesbury. In the earliest records it is 
designated as Hoggs Hill. It received its name from the 
similarity of one of the Sandys arms to the wild boar or 
domestic hog. This grant Ko. 44, was a grant of 200 acres 
and is a high commanding ]3oint of land. Adjoining to plot 
44, granted to John^ Sanders, was also granted to his kinsman 
Thomas Whittier, plot 45, a grant of 50 acres. 

Today at the junction of these two grants is an old home- 
stead, a short distance from the road. At the entrance to the 
path which leads to this homestead, has recently been placed a 
large block of granite, which bears this inscription. 
" JoH>' G. Whittier born here." 

Thus we find the record that John G. Whittier, the poet, 
was kinsman to the lineal descendants of this line of the 
Sanders family. 

1706-7-8-9. James Sanders was a representative to the 
General Court. 

1710, January 15. James Sanders was ajipointed selectman 
and thus I might continue foi' James Sanders repeatedh" repre- 
sented Haverhill in this capacity as in many others of public 
service. His family were the strong substantial men of New 
Hampshire, and his descendants occupy prominent positions 

Though JoHis"^ Sanders had a residence and farm at Haver- 
hill, he also extended his proprietorship to other towns, vis: 

iSaunilers. 73 

Kensinijton. Portsiiioutli, ML'tliucii, Siileiii, N. 11., Errol and 

ITlJ^. JoHN^ Sanders was elected as representative to tlie 
General Court. 

1720, Nov. 17. Kocorded, " Whereas Jose] )li IMke on behalf 
of himsell' and other inhabitants of this province have made 
application for a grant of land for atownsliip, whereof resolved, 
that Captain Gardner, Captain Kimball and Mr. Sanders be de- 
served and empowered, taking with them the Sheriff of the 
County of Essex and a number of men from Haverhill, and back 
about fourteen miles from Haverhill, &c., &c.'' This was the 
lirst authoritj' for the township of Penacook, afterward Con- 
cord. Among the names of the proprietorship of this township 
are the following : — 

"John Wiiinwright, Esqr., 

Capt. .John Shei)ley, 

Mr. .John Sanders, 

Eleazer Tyng, Esqr., 

^Ir. Joseph Welden, 

Capt. Gardner, 

Capt. Ivimball. 
These were names of the proprietors of sliarcs, but they did 
not live in the town." 

1725, Feb. 5. 

JoHx4 Sanders, ) Each paid 20sh. among 

John.") S.vndeks Jr., - others, to defrey charge 

Natii.\mkl y.\NUKKS. ) of Committee. 

"1721, A'ov 27. The town of Haverhill grants fifty acres 
of land beyond Hogs Hill Mill, be it more or less, to John 
Sanders, to be laid out l)y the town." 

We judge by this that he had established a mill for the saw- 
ing of timber. 

Several of the children of John* Sanders were supposed to 
have been born at the Isle of Shoales, as he was a resident there 
previous to 1720. Unfortunately the records of the Isle of 
Shoales were indifferently kept. There was no church nearer 
than Portsmouth, and the baptisms were made only every few 
years, at the convenience of the families. These baptisms were 
at times conducted by some layman, at what was called the old 
South Church, Portsiuouth. Of these old records so few re- 
remain, that the town clerk of Portsmouth writes mo 

74 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


" there are to be found less than loo in the past 200 years, 
^NTew Castle was inhabited by a few families only at that time, 
it beinu' almost a wilderness. Today New Castle is inhabited 
by a few residents only in charge of the summer hotels. 
{History of New Hampslnre.) The point of the Isle of Slioles 
was called Sanders point. Return, wife of John Sanders, died 
previous to 1095, for at this date his deeds of transfer have 
but one sio-uature. Johx'* Sanders was married twice. First 
to Return Shattuck and secondly to Mary Sargent. 

"The old Pearl jilace at Boxford is the tract of 200 acres 
laid out by Johui Sanders in right of his father Heury Sanders. 
It was bounded on the south west b}' Mr. Nelson's great farm 
of 200 acres, came into possession of Joseph Dowding, a merchant 
of Boston, who sold it to Cornelius Brown, a farmer of Reading, 
for £70 September 10, 1703. Mr. Browne came the following 
spring and built the pre.sent house in 173y. The place was 
after sold to Richard Pearl of Bradford — housewright. Mr. 
Pearl's father was .John Pearl of Ridley, Yorkshire, England." 

Thus we would judge that John^ Sanders lived at the Isle of 
Shoales between 1703 and 1720, where w'elind him engaged in 
establishing the bounding lines of Haverhill and near town- 

April 20. 1710. '• Yuted that ye town of New Castle have 
ye liberty of building a bridge from Great Island to Sanders 

172-1. "An act signed John Frost, in behalf of Robert 
Sanders of Isle of Shoales, as express allowed, and an order on 
ye constables of Gosper, out of ye province. Rate £2." 

April 12, 1726. A Sandys beach petition signed Samuel 
Sanders, Robert Sanders, John Sanders. 

1725, July 2. At the Probate Records we hud that John 
Sanders Senior, gives to John Sanders Jr., by deed, his iiome- 
steat at Haverhill, butting and bounding as followeth, vis: At 
ye northeast corner next ye country Road a stake, and heap of 
stones next Almesbury line, so running, southwesterly as ye said 
country road runs, to a stake, and heap of stones in ye corner 
of a fence, near the dwelling house of Green Whittier, then run- 

Saunders. 75 

ninn' southcastorly as ye fcufc now sUiuds. to ye end of sd fence 
and beu]) of stones standing in ye pine swamp so running about. 

Cornelius Page, 
John Sanders. 

Witaens, James Sanders, Jr. July 2, 1725. 

This transfer to .Tohn^ Sanders included the great jilot 44. 
next to Thomas "Whittiers, called Sanders Hill. 

1729, Mav 19. An ao^reenient is recorded to fix ve dividiiio^ 
lines betwix the farms of John^ Sanders, Jr., and James Sanders 
Jr., farms between Haverhill near Almesbury, adjoining the 
Whittier farm near Mr. Benj. Smiths farm." 

John^ Sanders was justice — a member of the General High 
Court in 1718 — 1720 — 1724. He largely invested in lands in 
New Hampshire and Massachusetts and was one of the most 
prominent land holders of the time. Tlie number of deeds 
j)robated in the name of Sanders in Essex county alone down 
to 18(Hi were more tha)i two hundred and fifty. The right to 
family distinction is expressed in ^he following record from the 
session of General Court meeting at Kensington, Mav 28, 1746, 
vis : "Lord Sandvs was present at court at Kensington l.odav." 
This clerical spelling of the name Sanders — Saunders is notic- 
able through om- early records, and frequently is mispelled in 
different ways in same document. 

76 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


Tlie children of John-* Sanders and lietnrn Shattuck, 
married September 14-, 16SS, were: 

1. John, b. 1(390, d, y. 

2. Philip, 1). 1G93-3 ; m. Mary Elkins June 29, 1729. 

3. Robert, b. 1693-4 ; m. Hannah Abbott September 19, 1731 ; 

bj' the second marriage, the children of John-i Sanders to 
]Mary Sargent ; ni. December 16, 1695. 

4. John, b. Au,<iust 25, 1696. 

5. Sarah, b. Jiuie 16, 1699; ni. John Svvett. 

6. Thomas, b. May 94, 1701. 

7. Marv, b. February 2, 1703 ; m. p]d\vard Woodman. 

8. Jam?:s, b. July 11, 1707 ; m. Elizabeth Estes. 
8. Jacob, b. July 4, 1710. 

10. ]{achel, b. April 22, 1713 ; married Benj. Hill. 

Philip Sanders son of Jolm^ Sanders and Return Shattuck, 
l)orn 1792-3, received liis name in gratefnl remembrance of 
Dr. Philip Shattuck of Watertown, brother to his grandfather 
Samnel Shattnek, who with many others sent a petition to the 
home Government asking for pardon for his brother Samuel, 
a Quaker, which was obtained. 

Samuel Shattuck, grandfather of Philip Sanders, was born 
in Eno-kuid in 1620. He was admitted to the church at Salem 
1642, Init was excommunicated for being a Quaker. He was 
lined for entertaining Thomas Maule, one of that sect, and 
banished on pain of death. He immediately departed for Eng- 
land, leavino; a laro;e familv behind him to mourn his misfortune. 
Phillip Shattuck, his brother, -was a man of great influence at 
General Court, and at England, and it was througli his petitions 
and the influencd of friends, that Samuel Shattuck was 
pardoned and ordered back to the colony, just previous to the 
birth of the mother of Philip Sanders, hence the name Retnrn_ 
He had received a decree from Charles first, for the cessating of 

Sainiders. 77 

such pi,'r6i.'L-utiuii, aiul wiis comiui.ssioiied tu prctscnt it to tlio 
Governor of the new coh)nies. 

Dainarius afterward (tlie widow of Siumicl Shattiickj married 
Thomas Gardner of Salem, Mass. 

William Bowditch of Salem married Mary, the daughter of 
Thomas Gardner, Aug. 3, 1688. 

()f the cliildi-en of Samuel Shattuck, six daughters were 
married thus : — 

1. Hannah, daughter of Samuel and Damarius, b. Aug. 22, 

K)')! ; married John Sownos of Boston. 

2. iX^.MAKius, (IniKjJiter of Samuel and Damarius, b. Nov. 11, 

155:5 ; married Benjamin Pope of Salem. 

3. Mauy, daiif/hter of SanuR'l and Damarius, 1). .Marrh 11, lO.").") ; 

married Capt. Benjamin Tiask of Beverly. 

4., diUKjJder «/ Samuel and Damarius, b. May 1, 1658; 

married Hugh Nichols of Salem April 26, 1694. 

5. Retukn, r/(«««//<to' r>/' Samuel and Damarius, b. Aug. 16, 1662; 

married John Sandehs of Salem Sei)t. 14, 1688. 

6. Patiknce, diiiiijhti^r >// Sanuiel and Damarius, b. 18 Nov, 1666; 

married 29 July, 1689, John Smith of Salem. 

Thus in the beginning i»f the seventeenth century John' Saii- 
ilers was hrother-in-law to Captain Benjamin Trask, John Smith, 
Benjamin I'ope, efohn Sormes of Boston and Hugh Nichols of 
Salem, Mass., and Hugh Nichols, Benjamin Trask, John Smith, 
Benjamin Pope and John Sormes were uncles to Philip Sanders 
and Rol)ert Sanders. 

Hannah Sanders Flint Southwick, was aunt to Philip, 
John'' and Robert Sanders ; as also Nathaniel Sanders of 
(Tloucester, brother to Hannah Sanders Flint Southwick. was 
Philip Sanders' uncle. 

Benjamin Pickman, husband of Abigail JJndall, was great 
uncle to Philip Sanders, and a very good friend as well, as we 
see in the future pages. 

Philip Sanders wasgrand nejJiew to Deacon William Good, 
hue and cousin to John and Thomas Gardner. 

Sarah J^ickman, wife of Captain George Corwin, was Philip 
Sanders' cousin, as also was Mary Orme, the wife of Josej)h 

78 luxinders of J/as'saf/iifS/tts lldij Colony. 

Nathaniel Ropes, tlie husband of Abigail Picknian, was 
c-onsiii by marriage to Philip Sanders. 

.Tolnv^ Sandei's was Philip Sanders' half brother, as also was 
James, the husband of Elizal)eth Estes. 

Ilenrv Elkins was brother-in-law to Philip Sanders. Captain 
Henry Elkins, born 1757, was his nephew. 

Elizabeth Elkins (daughter of Thomas Elkins.) who married 
Thomas Sanders, (Philip's nephew,) was Philij) Sanders' neice, 
hence Elizabeth and Thomas were cousins. 

Thus we have a relay of relationship which may be familiar 
to some of my readers. I have digressed somewhat from my 
records to advance this. 

Among the men interested in tlie settlements of New Hamp- 
shire and associated with Joiin^ Sanders ])articularly at Exeter, 
Portsmouth, Hampton and Kensington, were William English, 
(a wealthy ship builder, who had been persecuted at Sahnn at 
the time of the witchcraft excitement.) Henry Elkins, John 
Shillaber and William Wentworth. 

Philip English. William Shillaber and Henry Elkins. sons of 
these gentlemen, were Philip Sanders' dearest friends, both at 
sea and ashore, during his entire life. The result of this bond 
of friendshii> between the families of Shillaber, Elkins and 
English, is shown through the entire seventeenth century in 
the inter-niarriage of the families, their close business relations, 
the mnniticence of gifts and charities, and later, in the time of 
the revolution, of the staunch support given to the government 
by each representative of these families, to the sacrifice of for- 
tune and life. 

Philip Sanders, son of John^ Sanders and Return, seems not 
to have had much interest in this unsettled state of new town- 
ships, and at an early age, tradition tells us, was sent to England 
to some of his mother's people, where he received his educa- 
tion. He followed the sea a few years of his life and was at 
one time mate with Captain William Shillaber. He made sev- 
eral trips to the West Indies and to Europe. He was married 
Sept. 0, 1720, to Mary Elkins, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Elkins. Philip Sanders continued to follow the sea until tlie 

Saunders. 71) 

death of his fathcM-, wlien lie made his home peniianeTitly in 
Salem, Mass. 

He must have inherited sterling- qualities and a sympathetic 
religious temperament. The sad history of his mother's family, 
the almost annihilation of the English family, the prejudice 
arisiui:; in the colony from the tyranical discipline of the Turi- 
tanical church, alt<»gether tended toward encouraging himself, 
together with a few friends, in estahlishinga new church, with 
a more lihenU and enlightened creed ; or rather in re-estahlish- 
iiiii" an old church on a more deiinite and declared basis. 

The Episcopal CnuRcn of New England. 

The history of the establishment of tlie Church of Englund 

dates back to the religious services held in Salem as early as 

1625, when the Kev. John Lyford was driven from the Plymouth 

Colony by Separatists for adhearing to the faitli of his fathei's, 

and opposing schism. He came to Salem with Roger Conant 

in 1025, who was soon appointed Governor at Cape Ann. Eiom 

the records of that date we find with him the names of : — 

Roger Conant, governor, 
John Lyford, minister, 
John Woodbury, 
Humphrey Woodl)ury, 
Jolui liulch, 
Peter Palfrey, 
Walter Knight, 
William Allen, 
'I'homas Grey, 
Thomas Gardner, 
Kichard Norman, his .son. 
Captain William Trask, 
William JelTrey. 

Mr. Lyford ministered to the colony about three years in the 

wilderness, and continued the muster of this colony about ten 

months in Salem. He went to \'ii-ginia in 1027 and it is sup- 

])osed he took the records witb bim. as there are none to be 

80 Founders of Massachusetts Uay Colon;/. 

found. The Irrothers Browne, who adhered to the raother 
church and wlio Jield services in their home^ were sent Imch to 
England hy order of Governor Endicott. 

From tlie original covenant of the First Church, estahhshed 
in Salem 1029, wliicli we give l)elow, one can judge how strong 
was tlie opposition to the mother ehurcli, and how prominent 
and pronounced must have heen tlie faith of any one to have 
eml)raced it. 

Originat- Covknant of the First CnuRcn of Salfm, 

Mass., 1020. 

"We covenant with the Lord and one with another and do 
hind all ourselves in the presence of God to walk together in 
all his ways, according ns he is pleased to reveal himself unto 
lis in Ills 

"Blessed word of Truth." 

1030 Covenant. 

"We know the Lord to he our God an<l ourselves to he liis 
people in the truth and simplicity of our spirits. We give 
ourselves to the Lord Jesus Christ, and the word of his Grace 
for the teachinij,-, rulinor' and sanctifvinjx of us in matters of 
Worship, and conversion, Resolving to cleave to Him almie 
for Life and Glory, and to ojyjwse <dl contrary ways, covenants 
and constitutions of men in his worship. 

We hind ourselves to steady the advancement of the Gospel 
in all Truth and Peace." 

Li the year ISTO, nearly two hun<lred and fifty years after 

the first estahlishment of this church, a committee was appointed 

to consider the covenant as to its future adoption; the report 

was signed liy 

(Jharles W. Upliam, 

Samuel F>. Bntterick, 

dames T. Hewes. 

It consisted simply of a copy of the covenant of 1G2U with 

the following endorsement: 

FiKsT Church, Salem, Mass., 1636. 

Saunders. 81 

" The ])rocoediiig rrport accept and adopt the earliest 


'i'hus \vi' have liad for nearly two hundred and fifty years in 
tlic C^ovenenant of tlie First Ciuircli the resolution to (yleave to 
Iliin for T.ife and (llory, and to oppose all contrary ways, 
covenants, and ('(institutions of men in TTis worship. 

First CiicRcn, Salem, Mass. 

In '• 16S3, Auo-. 7, Samuel Sanders and Charlie Sanders were 
admitted to this church." 

"1683, Sept. 2 and Oct. 7, Samuel Sanders (son of Henry 
and Sylnll) had seven children l)a]itized in this church." 

1684, May 19, within nine months of his admission to the 
First church, " Samuel Sanders presents aj)etition to the church 
for a dismissal and the right to establish a ('hurcli at Marhle- 
head, which re(piest was granted." 

" 1684, May 11), Samuel Sanders, (ieorge Sanders and various 
others living at Marblehead, i)etition this church for a dismissal 
that they might form foi- themselves a church at Mai'blehead." 
This petition is recorded. 

" Petition for church at Marblehead granted Aug. 13. Mr. 
Cheever aj)pointed pastor." — {Records First Churchy Salem.) 

This church at Marblehead was afterwards named St. Michaers. 

It would seem by the appointment of Mr. Cheever as pastor 
that the foi'in of worship which w'as afterwards estal)lishe(l at 
Marblehead at the new church, " St. Michael's," could not have 
been defined at that time ; l)nt the congreo^ation ijrew and the 
love of the mother church was so prominent that in 1714 a fine 
Cruciform Church was erected, and in this a large and respect- 
able congregation assembled for worship. 

Tims we tiiid as early as 1684 Samuel Sanders, son of Henry, 
was one of the original organizers of \]\v. Church of St. 
Micb;icls at Marlilchcad, Massachusetts. The church grew, 

82 Founders of MassaGhuseU.s limj (Jolony, 

and the nieiiibers from Salem were so iininerous that at this 

"they erossed the liai'hor to worshij) at St. Michaels." 

There must have been also an org-ani/ed hand of worshi[>pers 
at Salem, for we find : 

1727. "The Rev. George Pigot, the Ueetor of St. Michaels, 
delivered monthly lectures and administered the Holy Com- 
munion in Salem." 

Though this little band of worshippers assumed an indepen- 
dence they were constantly threatened with annihilation. The 
prominent words of the covenant of the First Church "to 
oppose all contrary ways, covenents and constitutions of men in 
their worshij)" was enforced in every way that it was possil)lo 
to do so, and the tax to support the church was enforced upon 
each individual, even to imprisonment and banishment. 

In 1725 Philip English, then a man 75 years old was 


support of the East Congregational Society." 

The law releasing church men from paying a tax for the 
support of Congregationalism was repealed in 1732. 

This l)an(l of christians, discoui-aged by the repeal of the law 
releasing them from paying taxes to a church, of which they 
were not members, l)ut embolden by the success of St. MicliaeFs 
church, resolved upon building for themselves a church of their 
own faith, where they could worshi]"» openly and publicly, aiul 
in 1732, June 29, a churcli was raised u})on ground contributed 
by Philip English, his family and some friends. 

From the records of St. Peter's church we quote the follow- 
ing; transfer of the deed : 

" To ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that We Pllilil) I^nglisll, 

merchant; Philip Englisli junior, publisher; John English, 
mariner ; William Browne, mariner, and Mary his wife ; John 
Touzel, mariner, and Susanna his wife ; all of Salem, in the 
county of Esse.K and Province of Massachusetts Bay in New 
England for diverse good causes, and considerations ; us there- 
unto receiving particularily in consideration of five shillings to 
us in hand before the delivery thereof, wholly and truly paid by 
George Sigot of Marblehead, now tiie county of * * * oak. and 

St. Prtkk's Cm utn, Sai.k.m, Mass. 

Saunders. 83 

Missionary Wiliiaiii Fairfax, Estj., James Gibson, nienliant ; 
Jacob Manning, goklsniitii, and John SLillaber, sliopkceper, all 
of Sak'Mi, aforesaid, a committee appointed to build an Episcopal 
cliurcii in S-deni, aforesaid, and to purchase a suitable lot, a 
piece of land whereon to erect it, and for a yard about it, the 
receipt whereof we hereby acknowledge, ourselves therewith 
fully salislied and paid. Have bargained and sold, and by these 
presents do give, grant, bargain, sell, convey, and conlirm, with 
the aforesaid George Pigot, William Fairfax, Jacob Manning, 
James Gibson, and .lolui Shillaber ****♦****» 



PiriLTi' English, 

PiiiLii' Engmsh, Jr., 

John English, 

William Bhown^;, 

John Touzel, 

Susanna Touzel. 

The coiitrihutiuiis for niisino- and the expense tor iHiildini;- 
the cliiircli was l;u\<^-cl_y g-iven by the vestrymen and clnircli 
wardens, of whicli record we liave the followiiii^: — 

Salem, New England, July 20, 1733. 
We, the HuliHcrihers, vestrymen, toge.ther with the minister and 
church wai liens, altogether assembled, unanimously confirm 
and verify the fifteen preceding rules as also the numbering, 
aiiitrising ami allowing the seats or pews as before described. 

Witness our hands, 
f Jacob Manning, 

I Jos. lln.L.MO), 

Vestry ! Piiii-U' S.v.ndkus, Churcli j Hen.i. Mokehead, 

men. | K. Pal.mek, Wardens, \ Jno. Clauk;. 

I KoHKKT Geiikisii, Missionary, C. A. l>Rori\WELL. 
1 Daviu Buitton. 

July 20, 1733. "Please to pay to Samuel Barnard, Kscp., 
sum of eleven pounds and seven shillings and six pence, being 
for Sundays supjilying and rai.siug ye parish of St. Peters." 
William Faikkax, 'I'rcasurer. John Shillabek, 

July 23, 1733. James Pebson. 

Fifteen rides were voted upon and agreed upon by thediil'er- 
ent cliurcli menil)ers and contributors, as to its government 
thereof. Tlie "eleventh order" vi^as as follows: — 

"That what additions or altering shall be needful to be done 
to the cliurcli, or aiiv other work that is to be done in or alioul 

84 Fotuhders of Masaacliusetts Bay Colony. 

the church, beside; the galery, iuid altar i)iece, and Mic elevated 
seat on the i^alery, which the church warden and assistant 
engaiicd in, at the desire; and by the consent of the parish, shall 
be done by vote of the vestry or the best part of them." 
"Twelfthly. The name of the presently vestrymen are : 

KrciiARn Palmeu, 

Mk. Jacob Manninc, 

Benj. Gerish, 

Joseph Hillard, 

David Britton, 

PuiLip Sanders. 

Church j (\\PT. Ben.j. Morehead. 
Wardens, \ ('apt. John Clark. 

Cjias. BRocnwEi.L, Mis.sionary. 

"Thirteeuthly. These of the above shall make vestry." 
" Fourteenthly. That all the parishioners shall make no other 
contribution only, and they liardly desire to do so." 

Tims it would seem tlint tlie biiildiiii:' liereafter tu Ue called 
St. Peters, was I'aised 'inly 2(», 1733, and that the ceremony 
pertaining to it cost the sum of eleven j)ounds and more. This 
ceremony, of which we have no record, was probably a very 
impressive one, and certainly stands today, as a proof of 
unusual wisdom, imd strenoth of faith, in the future prosperity 
of this little settlement. The church was not hirge, it consisted 
of a nave and a tower and contained forty jiews. 

173S, October. The first book of common prayer was 
presented to St. Peters by the Right llonoral)le Arthur Onstow, 
speaker of the House of Commons, in England, and one of His 
Majesty's most honorable Pi-ivy Councillors. It was procured 
by Captain (Jerrish, through his friend Yassale, while he was 
in England. 

There was yet no regular clei'gyman attached to the church, 
though Mr. Brock well is mentioned as missionary. His appoint- 
ment permanently was not secured until a most urgent appeal 
had been made in l)ehalf of the chui-ch by its members. 

" October 15, 1736. We the subs(;ribers, inhabitants of Salem 
in New England, having been at great expense in erecting a 
house for the worship of God, according to the usage of tlie 
church of England, and being very desirous of effecting our 
design therein, have theretofore presumed, to ai^ply ourselves to 

/S(t unders. 


tlR" soc-it'ty, for propajifntiiig ye GosprI, to assist us, for that 
purpose, since wiiieh \\v have been witness, of the repeated 
instances of their conii)arison. Hegaid to some of our neighbor- 
ing, in likr ciiiiinistances, with us, being well assured, \vc 
niigiit have rejoiced, in llie same goodness, liad our distressed 
case have been fully known. Have once again ventured by the 
Rev. Mr. ****** bounlys, who will cnMiiiuiiiicate our 
desires, more at large, and to whom we refer. 

And as a testimony' of our most earnest, and sincere intention, 
in this important alTair, for ye en(;ouragement of any gentleman 
who will reside with us, as a nnnister, we do promise, and 
oblige ourselves, to pay to such person annually, during his 
resitiencc with us, in that capacity, the sum oi' one hundred and 
thirty pounds : heartily ])raying you may be disposed to consider 
and relieve us in oui- iirestiit dilliculties. 

We ye 

Iluiubic Supplicants and most obedient servants : 

William Browne, 

,Jona Lambert, 
CMiU'ord Crowniogshield, 
Kdwanl Iliilanl, 
'riiomas Lisbit, 
IMiill Knglish, 
William Dove, 
Phillip Sanders, 
.Jonathan IJeadle, 
John Dampney, 
Richard Palmer, 
Phillip Sanders Jr.. 
Peter V'indeat, 
Samuel Chatmeu, 
Samuel Massey. 
Robert Williams, 
John Shillaber, 
Samuel Masury, 
Daniel Webb, 
John Pressin, 
lienjaiidn (Jlover, 
Aley Stoley, 
Edward Rofs, 

John Cabbott, 
.Jacob Manning, 
.lohn ( Jark, 
Joseph Willanl. 
Philip Sanders. 
Jose Iv nights, 
Jonas Newcomb, 
Stephen Daniels Jr., 
Michael Bacon, 
Abraham (Jabot, 
Martin N'alay, 
William Shillaber, 
John Crowningshield, 
William Gale, 
Richard Bethel, 
Jacob Hawkins, 
Kphraim lugalls, 
Thonuis Melroy, 
John Gorge, 
Joseph Stevenson, 
Sanuiel Jjuscondj, 
John Williams, 
Samuel Stone, 

Samuel Parrott. 



ncnt ail 

[)ctiti()ii most pfohuhly iiiclmlutl all the; iiKjiuhcfs ol the 
Anioiiir the iiaiues we find some of the most i)romi- 
<] wealthy members of the colony at that time. 

8G founders of Maaaachaiictt-^ I>((y Colony. 

Fcl). S. 1738. " Voted ye clay, tliat Mr. llillanl, Capt. Heii- 
jauiiii Urown, Cai)t. Morehead and Mr. Jacoh Manning- he ye 
considei'ation of twelve ponnds each, liave j)erniission to take in 
ye long {)evvs in order to enlarge their own pews." Thus we 
find that the nund)er of })ews were reduced to thirty-six. In 
the matter of j)ews, the church at once, in recognition of the 
generosity of the English family, allotted them a free pew 

"The secdiul right hand pew or seat from ye Pul[)it, l)el()ii,u,s 
to ye family of y^. English and Brownes, in C(jusi(leration of 
their benevolent gift of the land whereon the church stands. 
The deed on tile ; and belongs to Mr. Brown and wife, descend- 
ants from Philii) English, to descend, English and Brown, and 
are to couform to ye rules, to older of ye society, from time to 
time, and always. 

iSalem, Sept. 25, 1738." 

"OHt)icE HY First rhuKcu Wakdens, of Clkkk, P/'c."' 

"■At a meeting of the memhers of the E|)iscopal .'-■ociety, in 
this town, heiiig yesterday, after divine service, was ended, 
desiied that we, that are })resent, viz: 

Capt. Benj. Morehead, Philip Corwin, 

Jacol) Manning, Henry Paine, 

Jos. Willard. Josiah Adie, 

John Clark, Richard Palmer, 

Ephriani Ingalls, Sam'l Cheever, 

J no. Dampuey, Wm. Gale, 

Jonas Adams, Zach Burchmore, 

Philip Sanders, ' Michael Bacon, 

Sam'l Parrot, Benj. Rutland, 

Benj. Phippen, Joua Mclvenny. 
SamTiel Luseumb, 

Taking into consideration the jiroposals ye Revd. Mr. Brock- 
well made in order to his removal hither, to settle with us, to 
official as our pastor, in the church called St. Peters, for time 
to come, have concluded and agreed, that we will contribute 
give, and pay, to the ])ersons that may officiate as church 
wardens, for the time being or order, to be given and paid to 

yi' Rev. ]\[r. IJntckwell, every Sunday oven, <»r Aroiiday muin- 
in*i; next eusuiiig, the sum of two jtounds ten shillings in good 
bills credit, to do and continue to do, till death or any othei- 
sad circutnstiUU'C jiart us. In witness whereof we voluntarily 
set our hands the day and year above said. 

October 2, 1738. 
Signed by tiie above named gentlemen. 

Samuel Stone appointed clerk instead of Wm. Gale agrees 
to do his duty such as it is for £11 per annum." 

llev. Charles Brock well was regularly installed as Rector of 
St. Peter's, October 8, 1738, and continued in chai'ge until 
November 27, 1746, when he removed to Ivings Ohappel, 
Boston, having been appointed to that diocese by the Bishoj) 
of London. 

We find that the expense of a clinrch, in those times, could 
not be depended upon from private contri])ntioii, and tliat 
each ])ew and individual were rated to pay so much f(»r the 
sup]iort of the church. 

The aggregate of the amount would have been sufHcient for 
the expenses, but the records of this as well as others, show how 
impossible it was, always to depend upon an etjualization m 
the income and expense. 

1738, November 2. "Ordered this day at a vcsti-y held, 
present, the ministers, church wardens, and other members of 
St. Peter's clinrch. 

"That the })ews hereafter numbered be rated as to pi'icc of 
each Sunday's contribution as followeth : 

Nos. Names. Kates. 




Mr. Clark's J no., 



Mr. Cabbott's J no., 



Mr. lieth In .rails, 



Capt. John Touzell, 



Capt. John Touzell, 


( . 

J no. r)am])iicys. 



.Mr. CliHord Cnnvninti,shicl(l, 



Mr. ClitTord Crowningsliicld, 














: (J 


: (i 


: (i 




: (i 

88 J''ou/i(ltf.^ of JIasmc/iuseUi< Jtaij Cohmy. 

Nos. Names. 

10. Jolin Crowniiigsbield, 

11. U\\ Philip Sanders, 

12. Ciiurcli Wardens, 
18. Edw. Hiiiards, 

14. Mr. Sam'l Stone, 

15. Jno. Newcomb. 
IC). Mr. Naburys, 

17. , 

18. , 

19. Mr. Brown and wife, 

20. English family, son, 

21. Mascott Williams, 

22. Benj. Pbippen, 

23. David Brilton, • 

24. Mr. Philip English, 

25. Jno. Wolcott, 

26. Col. Benj. Brown, 

27. Beal Bacon, 

28. Stepben Daniels, 

29. Mr. Ricliard Pabner, 

30. Mr. Abraham Cabott, 

31. Mr. William Shillaber, 

32. Mr. John Shillaber, 

33. Ira Hillard, 

34. Mr. Peter Vendall, 
35. , 

30. Mr. Jacob ^Manning, 
37. Ciiptain Mnreliead, 




1 : 6 


1 :6 


1 : 6 


1 : 


1 : 


1 : 6 


1 : 6 


1 : G 


1 : 


1 :6 


2 :0 


2 : 


2 :0 


2 :0 


2 : 


2 : 

2 : 

2 ;0 


2 : 


2 : 


2 : 


2 :0 


2 : 


2 :0 


2 : 


2 :0 


2 : 


Thus wo have an assessinent of from tl : T; to £ 2 for eael) 
pew per Sunday; and tin's assessment was expected to be paid. 
Alas for the records of the church, for the church wardens' 
faithful administration (»f their duties. The contributions were 
often in arrears, and to such an e.xtent, many times, that the 
good cliuich war(lens made the deficit from theii- jirivate 
purses; that the rector should have no cause to complain, nor 
their i;-oo(l woi'd forfeited. 

It was not until Jan. 29, 173S, that the church was decorated 
or the ])illars placed in the chancel. 

Saunders. 89 

At that time ^^l•. Jolm (iil)l)s of Boston was conitnissioued 
foe £'(')(), jKiid ill KilLs of credit as soon as completed, to 

" Fiiniisli Iwii pillars in ('!ich end of llic cliancel. Tlic table 
irons, banister, tlie altar, to be black and while marble. 

The curtains crimson or blue, with gold fringe and tastefully 
lettered, tiie Commandments to be gold on black letters. 

Letters of ye Ivord's creed to be; black against gold. 

Table marbled. 

Ye iron standard blue, edged with gold. 

Banisters blue, with white marble. 

Pillars of ye altar marbled. 

Two [)illars on each side marbled. 

Ye ' Glory and ye name' in Hebrew Jehovah : needful cIiImi- 
bre and ornaments. 

Appointed blue cloth for ye altar, the guard to be left to Mr. 
Gibbs, his generosity. 

Agreed, Charles Brock well, lit'ctor. 

To the Church Wardens and Yestry of Salem. 

Benj.\min Mohehead, 
Joseph Hilton, 
Davh) Buittan, 
Philip Sanders." 

The dcscri[)tioii of the first St. Peter's cliiii'ch was not un- 
like many parish clin relies we see in New England to-day, ami 
certainly must have been a ver}^ attractive and pretentions 
church for these early days. 

April 23, 1739. "Easter day meeting of the vestrymen 
voted that hereafter there shall he two church wardens oidy 
instead of four." 

Voted. "That Mr. Ih-itton and ISFr. Thilip Sanders consti- 
tute the two side men." 

April 7, 1740. " Church Warden, Mr. PniLii- Sanders." 

December 28, 1740. Mr. Puilip Sanders, Warden. 

1740. " I>y the consent of the church wardens and vestry- 
men, present, Captain Andrew Woodbury purchased of 
Captain John Clark his pew No. 2, which is hereby recorded. 

Ben.i. WniTEirEAD, 

1*1111.11' Sanders. . 
March 3(1 1741. 

Mr. I)a\ ii» BmrrAN, ) /„ , ,,r . 
,, ,, ,, ' t/iiirc/i Wardens. 

Air. riiii.ii' Sanders, ) 

i><) Jumnders of Masi^acJnisetts Bay Colony. 

Ill 1741. The faith of the worshipj)ers at St. Peter's was 
un(|ue8tioned, their rector was an able, enthusiastic worker, the 
pews were all rented and occupied bj the principal families in 
the town, l)Ut there was one important feature however, which 
troubled them very much, and that was the absence of the 
Chimes to sound forth the praise to the Almighty; and to call 
the little band to worship. This was a great exjiense to incur, 
as the interior was as yet incomplete. The church wardens 
were most active in their desire for completion, and a few very 
generously contributed towai-ds the Chimes. Among the 
largest C()ntriI)utors wo note the followino-: 

Kev. C. Brockwcll, £10 : 0. 

Capt. Benj. Morehead, 10 : 0. 

Mr. Win. Sliillaber, 7 : 0. 

Mr. Philip SaiKk'rs, 7 : 0. 

Mr. Brittan, 5:0. 

:\Ir. Bacou, 4:0. 

Mr. Browne, ' 5:0. 

Mr. Daniels, 3 : 0. 

Capt. Elkins, 2 : 0. 

The Chimes at this time cost altogether £211. The subscri]^- 
tions for an oro;an to the church in 1743 amounted to t'30!> : 7. 

April 10, 1742. Philip Sanders, cliurch warden, voted 
"that Benjamin (Terrish, Jr., should take Col. I>rown's pew; 
that Brown should take Daniel's, and Col. Brown, Bacon's. 

Benj. Gerrish, ] ^,, i ^^r -, 

1 niLip Sanders, \ 
April 4, 174:1 

Benj. Gerrish, j 
Philip S.-VNDERS, "/ Wardens. 

Captain Woodbury, ") 

Josepii Willard, | 

Epr. EngalLs, j 

Jno. Danipney, \- Vestrymen. 

Mr. Manning;, | 

J\lr. Ilatborne, | 

]Mr. Palmer, J 

1744. "James Parrot to St. Peter'.s cliiircb, Dr. to his dcfi 
cient contribution, t'1.06 

1745. To his deficient contribution, 1.05 

t2. 1 1 
1740. Sir : Please to paj^ the above am't to July 2 to Jolni 

Hcnman. This Hecept shall be ye discharge. 

Philip Sanders, | Churcli 
John Dampney, )' Warden;?. 

Saumhi's. 1>1 

Apiil IT), 1745. VoUd, I'liiMi' Sandkuk, } Clmrcli 

John DAMi'Miv, \ Waiclcns. 

Will. Ilatliiiriif, 1 

II pm Inuiills, I 

David 15riHan. \- Veslryiiien. 

IJciij. (Jorrisli, | 

Cliir Crowiiingsbicld, ) 

yigut'd, BiiiK'KWKLi., Rector. 

Mr. nruckwell was very inncli liked in the church, but Hke 
many cler<;yineii of the present day, lie found that £2:10 i)er 
Sunday, thougli a jj^enerons contribution from tliis small j)arish, 
M'as scaicely ade(|uate for the wants md maintenance of him- 
self and family. We have the first intimation of his discontent 
in the records of the church, dated 

February io, 1745. 

"The proprietors of St. Peter's church being duly warned lo 
consider ye proposals made by Mr. Broekwell in order for his 
better support anioog us. They met and after consideration 
ofl'ered Mr. Broekwell twenty pounds and O. T. in addition to 
his former salary. But in consequence of an oiler made ye sd 
Mr. Broekwell by ye Bishop of London to remove to ye. chappel 
at Boston, he refused our offer, upon which we liave lo a vote, 
to join with Mr. Broekwell, to petition ye society for another 
missionary, and accordingly we do agree, and consent, lie 
accept ye offer made by the Bishop, upon condition he preaches 
amongst us till another comes. 


B . 

Salem, March 31, 1740. "This bein^ Easter Monday the 
vestry examined and passed the wardens' account and then 
proceeded to the election of officers for the year ensuing." 

From this wardens' account, and from many others, we find 
that the church was indebted to the faithful church wardens 
for a greater part of its support, and to no one t<> a greater 
degree than to Philip Sanders, the faithful contributor to the 

Year after year he was elected church warden, and year after 
year we find him not only a generous contributor, but at times 
assuming a good part of the indebtedness, as his unbalanced 
accounts would indicate. 

02 Founders of Ala.s.sachusttt.s Bay Co/on ;/. 

S'j'. Peter's Church Acc't to Piiimp Sanders, Dr. 

17;}(), Aug. 5. To YK BaI.ANCE OF YE OLD DlilJT, 

Dec. 24. To paid dial for 3 boxes, 

To paid Capt. Morcliead for sand 

aud coal, 
To paid Brockwcll, bad contribu- 
tion , 
Sept. 28. To paid Mrs. Coffin, 
Jan. 27. To paid dito, itc, 
1743. To paid Hliillaber and Manning, 

To paid Morehead toward yc paint 

Aug. 12. To sundries for altering Clark's 

Sept. 5. To sundries, 6s. 9d., to paid Benj. 

Allen, 24s., 
10. To cash for advance, 2s. 17d., 

paid for Mars 4s. 9d., 
Oct. 2(). 'I'o paid David Stover 4s., 
Jan. 24. To Leden Foster, 

To pade Benj. Grey lOs., 

1742. Apr. 27. By Capt. David Brittan, 

This is not an indebtedness to Pliilip Sanders as chnrcli 
warden, Idit to liini individually as tlie promoter and 8up[)oi'ter 
of this little church. This account of £82 : 11 : 5 covers three 
years of silent and modest waiting before the bill was presented 
and was probably later a gift to the church, as it is preserved 
among its archives. 

After Mr. Brockwell's decision to leave the church of St. 
Peter's for Kings Chapel, tlie church wardens and vestry were 
much concerned as regards his successor. An appeal was made 
to the Bishop of London, a copy of which is ])reserved in the 
church records at Salem. It showed such earnestness of faith, 
such a heartfelt desire to establish the clnirch of their fore- 
fathers, in spite of all obstacles, that I herewith inscribe a copy 
of the appeal, still preserved in the handwriting of Philij) 
Sanders, chief warden. 

































S< I unit era. 93 

Salkm, Mass., Fi'I)rii;irv 'Jl. 174"». 

To His UriU'c, the most Ki-vd Fatlicr iu God, Joliii, Arch 
Hislio]) of Canti'ibury, I'residriit ; and to tlio rest of the riyht 
Hcverend, rinlit llonoialile and wortliy Governors, and inendx-rs 
of tlie society nl ilic |iro|ia<;ali()ii ol' ye gospel in foreiu'h pails. 

Gcntlcnicn. The removal ol Ihe Rt;v'd I\Ir. liro(;U\vell, the 
societies missionary in this town, liy ye Bishop of London to the 
Kings Chapel in Boston, in (he room of Mr. Koe, makes us oucc 
more petitioners to the honorable society, that they w ill be 
pleased to ajipoint some suitable gentleman for this church ; we 
doubt not but that you have had a satisfactory^ account from 
Mr. Brockwell of tlie state of our churcli, as also of the great 
e.vpense we have been at in raising and finishing a house 
suitable for ye worship of the Suprenie Being. When we say 
great expense, it is so indeed, considering the small number 
engaged in the alfair, and have at last completed ye same, and 
as this town is the Shire town of the county, and ya ne.xt market 
town to Bo.ston, iu New England, you cannot but conclude, 
our iippudtion /iiits been rjredt, having what we would call (jreat 
men us our antagonistK. But thanks to Heaven ihey have at last 
gn^at reason to ajiplaud our s^'stem, and we hope ere long they 
will J(jiii with us in the eslablislied form: they having had 
monstrous diversions in most of their societies, occasioned by 
Mr. Whitetield, and his successor, which has opened the eyes of 
s(une of us, to behold ye beauty of our church, which has 
hitherto escaped the snares laitl by the grand deceiver of man- 
kiml. We thereforr lio])e that you will, as soon as may be 
send us a man, who by his part and prudence will be able to 
still all oppo.sers, ami by the soundness of his doctrine convince 
all gainslayers, and lastly by his exemplary life, do honor to 
the religion he professed ; and as we are the second town in 
New England, you cannot but thiid< the e.xjx'nse of a family 
are greater than at Scituate, Kingston, and where the stipend 
is greater. 

Indeed we know where those mi.ssionaries spend si.v i)ence 
where a clergyman in this town must unavoidably spend 
ciuiilccn pence, unless he breaks through all four rules of 
common decency and good manners. Therefore we hope Ilic 
home society will take ye matter under con.sideration, and add 
twenty jiounds to the forty, which was taken olV from Mr. 
Brockwell, to the next gentlen\an to come, so that with the one 
hundred and thirty pounds we will give ium, it will all'onl him 
as comfortable and handsome living, as that he nuiy devote the 
whole of his time to his studies, not being iiurplexed in his 
mind, by the narrowness of his income, how he shall live. As 

94- Ifounderis of Matmachicsettty Baij (Jolomj. 

to Mr. Brockw(!ll to bo sure he lias heen faithful to the trust 
re])ose(l in liini, and as in course, he must leave us. We conunil 
our ease to you, not doubtinu' your regard for this iufauL, the 
nourishing ehurch, as it is the design of the soeiety to piopagate 
the gospel in foreign parts. 

We salute you, and are your 
Innnble supplicants and most 

hund)le servants. Puiui- Sanukks, ] ('Imrrh 

Salem, February 24, 1745. Jno. Dami'NKY. f ll'(//Y/r//.v. 

H. Gerrisii. ^ 

I) Hutton, | t^ 

Wni. Ilathorne, (" ' ' '■'^■ 

Ephriam Ingalls, J 

P. S. dentlemen : 

If you will be pleased to .send us .some Common Pniyer books 
with Tate and Bradys version Psalms, they will be of great 

Tliis last appeal was iK it in vain; one can see to day at St. 
Petei'\s the l*saliiis and pfayer hooks sent at this chite. Three 
vei-y tine copies of the lafo;est size for chnfch deliver)-. The 
services of Rev. Mr. Gilcrist were seeitred, l»tit 1 find no note 
that the mission extended its protection to the chnrcli, except 
in the copy of the enclosed order, which sj)eaks for itself. The 
little church shouldered its own hnrdcn, and year after year 
' was more and more indebted to the i)rivate snh.scriptions of its 
few faithful benefactors. 

"Salkm, Aug. ye 13, 1757. 

At sight please to pay to Mr. IMiiiip Sanders, warden of the 
Episcopal church in Salem, the sum of one pound and nine 
pense, lawful money, it being the minister's rates of Mr. George 
Nusse for the year 1755, by you received, and du(^ to the said 
church of Salem because he is a member tiieieof, and this shall 
be your warrant for so doing. 

I am, sir, your most honorable servant, 

Will ^[cGil< hist. Minister."' 

To Mr. Daniel MausHeld, Treasurer of Lynn End. 
" This is a true copy. 

Test, Piiiiai' Sanukhs." 

iSaanders. t)5 

April ."), 1745. l'iiii,ir Sandkks, / Church 
.lohii l)aiii|)iiey, \ Wai'diMis. 

174<;. 1*1111,11' Sandkk.s, Church Wartlcii. 
1747. I*nir,ip Sanders, Church VVarihni. 

174^. I'liiLir Sam>kks, I Church 
.John Daiiipucy, ) Wardens. 

1741). 1*1111. ir Sanders, ) Church 
John Danipncy, j Wardens. 

duly 'lo, 1750. \"()ted, that Mr. I' Sanders and Capt. 
Gerrisli and Capt. Clark take charge of church books and 

1751. Voted, that tlu; pew belonging to John Sliillaber, Xo. 
31, be let to Richard Mobcry in case he pay £30 12s. to St. 

Easter Monday, Marcli 30, 1752. "The proprietors of St. 
Peter's church, I)eini>: leii;allv convened, unanimously voted that 
1*1111,11' Sanders and Ephraiin lugalls be church wardens for 
the pi-esent year, 1752." 

Easter Monday, April 22, 1752. 

Voted, Piiii.ii' Sanders, ) Church 

Ephraiin Ingalls, \ Wardens. 

April, 1753. I'im.ii' Sanders. ) (Jhurch 
Ephraiin Ingalls, ) Wardens. 

Aj)ril 15, 1754. Piiiui' SANDEiiS, ) Church 
Ephraiin Ingalls, \ Wardens. 

March 30, 1755. Easter moi'iiing, voted, 

Piiii.ip Sanders, ) Church 
E})hraim Ingalls, ) Wardens. 

April r.i, 1756. Easter Monday, voted, 

1*1111.11' Sanders, ] (Jhurch 
Ephraiin Ingalls, \ Wardens. 

Apiil 11, 1757. Easter morning. 

PiiiLiP Sanders, Church Wanlcii. 

90 Founder ."i of M(issach'usett.s Bcnj Colony. 

March 27, 1758. A^oted, 

]\rr. PiiiMi- Sanders, ) Clinreli 
Mr. liicli Lickinaii, \ Wardens. 

AVilliaui Ejks, ) y 
Diivid IJrittiin, \ ^ ^■^''^'• 

April ir», 17r)'.>. Voted, 

Piiirjp Sanders, ) Clnireli 
Iticliaid Palmer, \ Wardens. 

Voted, Win. Ihitlioriie sliall have pew 5 and 0. 

Capt. Crowningshield, pew 8 and 9.. 

Mr. Philip Sanders, pew 10 and 11. 

]\Ir. AVill Epes, pew No. 13. 

Mr. Hoi)kin8, pew No. 14 and 15. 

Mr. Wni. Brown, pew No. 17 and 18. 

Sir., pew No. 2.5. 
Each to bo taxed 4s (5p old tenor per Sunday. 

April 7, 17<Kl. Mr. PiirLip Sanders resigns the positioti of 
eliief warden and Mr. llichard Palmer is elected in his place. 
Mr. Sanders acce})ts the position of \ estryman and sei'ves the 
chnrch in this capacity nntil his death. 

In -1701 it was found necessary to enlarge the clinrch hy an 
addition of twenty feet. 

Thus since 1733 Philip Sanders was one of the most promi- 
nent and trusted men of his church : more than thirty yeai'sof 
faithful service, giving largely of his means, his time and his 
example of such christian life, and service, as marks him a man 
of the strictest integrity, upright, honorable and respected, to a 
doirree of recosuition in his christian and social relations to 
maidvind, such as no one hut of the nol)lest and purest life 
could attain. 

lie remained an active member of the vestry of his church 
until his death, 1708, and I am hapj)y to say did not live to 
grieve over the persecutions of the church, nor ever realize that 
an act could have j»assed the New England legislature in 1777 
which comi)elled them to close the church ; as the act pM-ohib- 
ited the reading of the church services %inder a penalty of one 

Sinimhrs. 97 

liiindred pounds and imponsoninent for one year, when the 
parish hy this order f(»r a time became extinct. The old cliincli 
was Imriied and re[)hiced hy a new one. which still lives, how- 
ever, a momnnent to the <i;oodness and pnritj of the early lives 
of its fonnders. 

Ill an honored spot in tlie litth' enclosure beside the church 
lie loved and cherisluMJ, which 1 pray may be ever sacred until 
all eternity, lies buried all that remains of Philip Sanders, his 
wife ]\Iarv, and several of his children. 

The business life of Philip Sanders commenced in Salem 
about 1733, when we find him deserting a sea-farini;' life to a 
venture of commercial life, of which he was unaccpiainted, but 
which seems to have been not only a means of support for him- 
self and a larije familv of (diildrcn, but to have enabled him to 
have been o;enerous almost to a fault in his charities and to have 
mei-ited the confidence of his partners in business, unto the 
close of his life. 

At the death of his father, John* Sanders, we tiiid liim in 
])ossession of a tract of lainl wlii('h his grandfather, .lohir' San- 
ders, mentions in his will '' that piece of land 1 bought of Dr. 

This land was located on Main street, immediately opposite 
IJarton square, and is where, in 1700, Philip Sanders owned a 
house and land, which house and land C^ai)taiii Daniel Sanders 
piindiased in 1700 of his mother, Mary, widow of Philip 
Sanders. Upon this land in 1800 Oai)tain Daniel Sanders bnilt 
a large brick house. This house is mentioned by Felt "as one 
of the iifty Ijrick houses in Salem " at that time. 

Upon a portion of this land which Johu'^ Sanders mentions 
in his will as "the land 1 bought of Dr. Harton," Captain 
Thomas Sanders also built a house, Avhich is a prominent lan<l- 
mark to-day. 

Another j)ortion of Philip Sanders' inheritance was " a tract 
of land le;idiM<'- from the eoimiKiii trainiiii;' Held to the IVorth 

98 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

River." The deed is eonveved to iiiiii tliroiio-li one Jereniiali 
Neal, administrator of the estate of iiis fathci-, Jolin^ Sanders. 

For a long; time it had been a question of expense in fittins;- 
out ships for sea with biscuit bread imported from England. It 
was imported at great expense, and oftimes was sour and wormy- 
and no one l)etter than those accustomed to the sea could realize 
what a growing business this might l)ecoine for the colony, if 
properly conducted. 

Richard Elkins began the business of bread and l)iscuit manu- 
facturing, or of '' hai'd tact," as the sailors called it, at Marble- 
liead, and was so succosstnl in business, that a company was 
forni('(l in Sahim in 1735, consisting of the following gentlemen : 

Benjamin Ives 
Ricliard Elkins. 
Samuel Manning. 
Jonas Baxton. 
Philip Sanders. 

Eaeh man purchased of Piiiur S.xndehs "one-fifth of a 
certain piece or parcel of land scituate, lying and being in 
Salem, together with one-fifth part of a windmill thereon, stand- 
ing with all furniture and utensils to tlu; same, belonging or in 
any way pertaining to it, being the same received from one 
.Jeremiah Neal, administrator." Sd is ])ounded as follovvs: 
" Easterly, northerly and westerl}' on land of ye Jeremiali Neal, 
as ye fence now stands, ar.d southerly on the highwa^y winch 
leads from }'e training held to ye North Hiver, and contains in 
ye hold fifty yioles. 

PiiiLir Sandeks, 


MiCHAKI, Skwki.1,, .histicc. 

1742. "Richard Elkins, (jue of the co-owners with I'enj. 
Ives and Philip Sanders in the land, dwelling house and wind- 
mill which was where Northy street now runs, sold his portion 
to Rev. James Driver." 

May 31, 1738. " Mr. Ropes buys of William Hunt, merchant, 
and wife Eunice for €40 two common rights, one for said IPs 
house and one for the house formerly .John Pomeroys, both 
entered to his father Jjcwis. died August 11, 1T38. He with 
wife Al)igail sells for £300 to Benj. l^ickman, merchant, one- 

Saic/ufern. "•'•' 

sixth of a iiic'ssagc consistiui? of a dwelling house and oue-t'ourth 
uc'ic (if land, bd S on the: highway Main slrc-et, W by land of 
i-'hilip Sanders. N by land of sd Picknian, Jr., part and ji'ty of 
Fieiil, and K partly do of Mr. H;'.ttcn .iiid pailly of llic proprie- 
tors of the new meeting house with a eoinniou right belonging 
thereto." This was formerly the homestead of Mr. Kopes, 
father of Capt. Piekniaii. 

Tims wt'iierceive that I'liilij) Saiulcrs propcfty was (lc.sciil)cd 
as heiiig oil tlie Main street, near Nortliy, and nearly opposite 
Cluireli street. 

" J>cnj. Pickinan agrees to pave the whole length of his land 
wJiicli is 140 feet with Hag stones, over and above his sul)scri])- 
tion. John Sanders, Jr., (Piiilip's father) signs for his father ^ 
agrees to pave the walk way in front of his house." — {Citt/ 
Records^ Salem,^ March, 1692. 

November 9. 1763. " Wardham Ilathorne and Iliith, and 
David Ropes, and Sarah, and Dainel Cheever agree to a 
division of the real estate (tf their father, Win. Ilathorne, 
deceased. The pro[)erty consisted of mansion and laiul being 
east on the street leading froin Main street to (Jabot wharf 
(now Washington Sf^uare) called Ilathorne farm, being ninety- 
five acres. Saving to Sam'l Archer his shop on tlic homestead 
land, and to Ji»hn Sanders his, and to Ih'iij. Ilathorne, or who- 
ever claims under him. his, now occupied by Samuel Estes, 
with liliert}' to remove the same. I mention these transfers 
only to establish the location of PhiHp Sander's home, and (»f 
the })roperty which he inherited from his father, John' 
Sanders, Jr. 

Before lO-iU "Richard Elkins had sold his share of the busi- 
ness to Rev. James Driver, and Mr. Benjamin Pickinan, a 
cousin to Philip Sanders, purchased a share to the amount of 

17-1-3, Dec. 7. Philip Sanders extends his business in the 
shij)ping line, and we find a deed recorded at this date, " where 
he purchased oue-eighth j)art of the new whaid" in lieverly of 
Thomas llardie Jr." This purchase seems to have been only 
a speculation, for in less than three weeks, "Dec. 25, 174;>, 

100 FoinxJi'TH of Jfassdchiisclls /',in/ (U>lnrn/. 

i*hili[) and Mury Sanders convey to William lleyligee oiie- 
eii^htli part of the new wharf which was conveyed to them l)y 
one Thomas liardie Jr., by deed dated ye 7 of Dec. with the 
a[)pertenances and |)rivileges to the premises Ijelonging. 

Philip Sanders, 
Mary Sanders." 

1750, Afarcli 15. Thomas Elkins, father to Mary, wife of 
Philip Sanders, having died, tlie hittei- is appointed adminis- 
trator of the estate. Under this date, he sells at common auction 
to the hiirhest bidder, one common riu;ht or share in the division 
of ye common lands, for the sum of £11 9s. 4p." Deed re- 
corded Fel). K'l, 1751. 

"1750, FL'hruary 23. One coiiiiiioii iii;lit in ye divisions of 
ye common lands, was also sold In David Northy of Salem, 
H'oldsnutli, by Philip Sanders." 

"1751, May 4. Pliilip Sanders, Imys of Elizabeth Sevvell, 
widow of Koxbiiry ; a pieec of land in Salem, fronting on the 
Main street, and e.xtcnding to the North Itiver," containing 43 
poles; easterly on land of Timothy Orne, thence measuring *J 
poles 5 inches ; south by said Orne's, thence measuring 4 poles 
41 liidss ; westerly on land of James Odell, and thence 9 poles 
and 2(t links ; ntn-therly on North River." 

"1751, May 18. Philip Sanders and Mary, by deed, convey 
to Timothy Orne a certain piece ot land in Salem, aforesaid, 
containing 43 poles, l)utting easterly on land of the said 
Timothy Orne; then measuring 9 ]>oles and (» l)utholes 
southerly on sd Orne's land ; then measuring -t poles and 14 
liidvs westerly on land of James Odell, as a fence now stands, 
measuring 9 poles and 9 links; and northerly on the North 
River, so called, and there measuring 4 poles and 13 links by 
the wall as it now stands. 

Signed, sealed and signed, Philip Sanders. 

Delivered to us I)y Philip Sanders, Jr., Mary Sanders. 

John Orne. 

Jos. PowDiTCH, Justice.'''' 

1758, March 11. " Thomas Lane, a merchant of London, 
through his ao;ent, bv the hand of Thomas Green of Poston, 

Saimders. I < » 1 

pajs till' luort^a^'c uimhi a ccrtaiii imi-tioii of the estate of l'liili|) 
Suiidi'i's. wliicli aiiKUiiits to t"^-'" lawful money, G. 1>., iiiid 
assilined the dcrcl of trust." 

IT.")?, May 20. "IMiili|) Sanders contributes Iari;ely tinvards 
tlu- expense for a draft of soldiers made in Sal(Mii under order 
of leahotl l*laisti'(l, colonel. Mr. Sanders was now too old for 
active service, luit was liberal and pntriotic to such a degree 
that Rev. Daniel Chute, cha})laiii, mentions liini in his diary 
Sept. 3, 1758." 

17r»2, Feb. 22. Thomas Laiu' acknowledges by deed to tlie 
pa^'ment of I'll 5, a portion of the former deed of trust. 

1765, May 13. Philip Sanders conveys to Benjamin Per- 
kins Jr. a deed of trust for the remaining amount due, trans- 
ferred from TlK)nias Lane." 

17<)7, Aug. 13. The business of Phili[) Sanders is descril)ed 
as follows : — 

"The dwelling house, barn, warehouses, and all the buildings 
thereon, being in said Salem, the said land butting southerly on 
ye Main street, westerly on land late of Timoth}' Orne, de- 
ceasefl, thence northerly, then easterly, then southei'ly, then 
easterly again^ on land of Benjamin Pickman Ksqr., \o the 
street aforesaid, with the pi'ivileges and appni'tenances thereof, 
to jiold the same of the said Pickman dr., to his heirs and their 
use forever, etc., agreeable to the conditions and discharge of 
a ])ond of the same date therewith of the sum of £'4(ti>, like 
nnjney to be given by me to said I^ickman."' 

Signed, PniLir Sa.ndkks, 

Mary Sandeks. 

17<)7, Septend^er \). " nenjainin Tickman acknowledges 
that he has received the sum, principal and interest of this 
same tleed of trust, which hail been conveyed to him. 

Signed, cancelled." 

BkN.I. PlCK>rAX, »Iw. 

dou.N IIi<.(;iNSoN, Esq. 

huriiig these previous years, and foi- many following, the 
colonies were enifaiied in saiious contentions and disturbances. 
The e,\})ense of the I'Veiicli and Imlian wars was a givat drain 

102 Founders of MasftacJniseMs Bay Colony. 

upon tliein. Tuxes were assmiiing an enonuous strain, the 
expense of sustaininiij an army fell u[)on the people; the 
interruptions to Inisiness, caused by the continual call and con- 
scription for troops, placed them in such an unsettled state that 
nearly all business was suspended. Merchants in fear of the 
priv^ateers man, which constantly threatened the coast, scarcely 
dared fit their ships for their usual tratiic of the West India 
trade. It was during these years that we find the co-partner- 
ship of this business firm made some changes, though for nearly 
thirty years we find that it continued with not less than three 
partners generally. 

The deed of 1767, Sept. 9, wherein we find that Phili|) 
Sanders has redeemed the mortgage uj^on his estate, is the last 
transfer I find in his name. Good, honest, generous and be- 
loved, unused to a business life, he nol)ly sustained his part to 
the end, never forever sacrificing his iidieritance ; he pledged 
his home thrice during these troublesome times to the relief of 
his business interests, and thrice again he redeemed it. He 
died in 1708, as previously mentioned, and his wife, Mary, was 
appointed administrator to his estate. She was a capable, ener- 
getic woman, and though advanced in years, she did not hesi- 
tate to assume the business until she was able to conclude a 
settlement to the satisfaction of her bondsmen and childi'cn. 

June ii, 176S. At the Probate Office at Salem is recorded 
a bond of 

" Mary Sanders, widow of Philip Sanders, given in co7ijunc- 
tion with John Sanders, merchant, and Stephen Elkins, mai'iner, 
all of Salem, for faithful administi-ation of the estate of Philip) 
Sanders, deceased." 

The ''John Sandei's, merchant, of Salem," mentioned in 
this deed, was iialf brother to Philip Sanders by his father's 
second nuirriage. 

Stephen Elkins was brother to Mary, the wife of Phili]) 

"Elizabeth Sanders, widow ; Abijali Estes, gentleman ; and 
Samuel Sanders, Mariner, all of Salem, in county of Essex, give 
a bond of £1000 to Nath'l Ropes dated P. day December, 1771." 

Saunders. 103 

The consideration of this present ohlipition is such that the 
aforesaid EHzaheth Sanders, assists in the a(hiiinistration of the 
estate of Piiii.n' Sanders, late of Salem, etc., mariner. 

Elizabeth Estes Sanders was widow of James Sanders, who 
was also half brother to Philip Sanders deceased. 

December 3, 1770, l*rol)ate office. " Jjond of Marj^ Sanders, 
widow of Philip Sanders, endorsed by Elizabeth Sanders, 
widow, and Abijah Estes, gentleman." 

On the first Tnesday Novembei' 1771, havino; received 
permission of the court, Mary Sanders conveys to Daniel, her 
son, captain and mariner, " who will give most for the estate 
herein conveyed," viz: "In consideration of £500 lawful 
mctney the said property herein described is conveyed to 
Daniel Sanders." 

" The dwelling house and huid late of the said intestate Philip 
Sanders, scituate in the Main street, Salem, and bounded on 
said street southerly four poles and five links of Genter's Chain, 
westerly on land late of Timothy Orne, deceased, eleven poles 
and twenty links, northerly partly of Orne's land and partly on 
land of Penjamin Pickman Esq., six poles and one link ; east- 
erly on Pickman's land two poles and seven links, then south- 
erly on Pickman's land two poles and five links, then easterly 
on Pickman's land nine poles and ten links, to the Main street 

Given this 9 day of May, 1772. 

Signed, Maky Sanders, Admr. 

May 20, 1772. Joun Higginson, Esqr. 

II'., i Peter Frve, 

' ( Mary Sanders. 

"June 3, 1772. Captain Daniel Sanders and wife, Sarah 
(Peal,) convey to Abraham Rand for €200 lawful money one- 
half of the estate lately purchased, which was my father's 
Philip Sanders, his homestead, bounded on the Main street 
thirty-two jwles westerly on the land late of Tinu)thy Orno 
eleven ])oles and twenty links of Gunter's chain, northerly on 
Orne's land thirty-two feet, aiul easterl}' on my own land by a 

104 J^owiders of Massachuseti s Bay Colony. 

stniight line; to tlie street aforesaid, etc., etc. Also one-lialf of 

the well, etc., etc. "'■■ ■" '■' 

Signed, Danip:l Sandp:rs, with a Seal. 

Sarah Sanders, and a Seal. 

John IIi(tOiNS0N, Recorder. 
Tjr-, i Pp:ter Frye, 

' ( 1 noMAS Sanders. 

Thns we find that the property descended to Daniel Sanders 
l)y ]>urchase as well as inheritance. Mary Sanders, widow of 
Philip Sanders, lived to he l>e nearly eiii:;hty-five years old, 
dying- beloved and respected by all. She also liesl)nried in the 
little enclosure of St. Peter's chni'chyard, and the mention of 
her death upon the church record reads : — 

"Jan. 10, 1705. Old Mrs. Sanders buried, aged 85." 


The children of IMiili]) Sanders and Maiy Elkins, married 
September 9, 1720, M'ere : 

1. IIkmsy, b. .Tilly 4, 1730 ; in. Desire Ooiiiam, of Marbleliead, 

in 17G0-1 "; had son John, b. at Marblehead, June 3, 1763 . 

2. PiriLii', b. June 2, 1732 ; buried August 5, 1758. 

3. Joii^', b. November 9, 1734; d. January 21, 1740, aged 

yr. 2 mo. 12 d. 

4. Samth-u., b. January 14, 1736 ; d. 1773. 

5. Maky, b. June 12, 1739; m. Adam Needhani. 

6. Sakaii, b. September 4, 1741 ; unmarried ; d. January 16, 


7. Thomas, b. February 20, 1743. 

8. Danikl, b. Septem))er 8, 1744; d. December 31, 1824; m. 

Sarali Peal. 

9. Ei.izAiiinu, b. July 4, 1747; m. Josei)li TTathorne April 9, 


10. SisANN'A, b. October 21, 1749 ; d. September 4, 1818, ag. 69 

n. JoMN, b. 1753 ; m. 20th May 1787 Mary Warren. 

(Records City Hall Salem, copy of Vol. 11, marked B. page 73.) 

Sii iiiiih'VS. 1<'5 

Daniel Sanders, oiglitli eliild of l*liili[t and Mai-y, Ixn-n 
September 8, 1744, received his early ediieati<»ii in Salem, 
Mass., but be inberited the desire nf a wandering life and love 
(if travel too strongly to be resisted. At tbe age of 21 years 
be bad served as mate and very soon was promoted to a captain. 
At tbe age of twenty-five years, on September 9, 1709, be was 
married to Sarab Peele, dangbter of J<jnatban Peelo, Jr., a 
wealtby sbip builder and exporter. Ca})tain Daniel Sanders 
must have merited tbe confidence of bis employees in tbe com- 
mand of tbeir sbips in bis voyages to tbe Iiidias and Africa, 
and bave been esteemed highly as a citizen and patriot as well, 
for at tbe breaking out of the Tievolutionary war be received 
letters of iiiar(pie from General George Washington and Con- 
gress and did much service as privateersman during tbe entire 

Ill 1772 he [>ui-chases bis father's estate on Essex street, 
Salem, opposite Barton square, for £500. Here he resided, and 
his children were all born upon this estate. He was also inter- 
ested in tbe continued advancement and prosperity of St. Peter's 
church, as also in tbe furtherance of townsbijis in New Hamp- 
shire, proprietor's rights of many of which he bad iidierited 
fnmi bis grandfather. He became a sea captain by profession. 
He made fre<]uent voyages, but at this time they were continued 
with great danger. Both tbe French and English molested and 
attacked our ships at the least provocation, and many a hair- 
breadth escape is narrated by our mariners of these times. 
Taxation and legislation became intolerable, and with the first 
declaration of war we fiiul Captain Daniel Saunders most 
actively engaged in the defence of bis country. 

Aug. 23, 1776, a company was organized in Salem, Mass., 
for tbe erection of saltpeter works, tbe first (»f tlie kind in tlie 
new world. 

We find Captain Daniel Saunders one of the largest sub- 
scribers to tbe sum of £228, (see Kecords, Salem, also Felt's 
Annals. 2nd vol., p. 177.) 

1<M) Founders of MaxxackuxetU Hay (Johmy. 

Tlie following appears npoii the Ilevolutionary archives at 
lH)ston, a ('()])y of which is snhscrihed lierc. 






Daniel Saunders appears on a petition dated, Boston, October 
30, 1780, signed l)y Henry ITigginson, in 
behalf of John and Robert Leach, and 
others of Saleni, requesting that said Saun- 
ders be appointed coniinander of Ship 
" Two Brothers." 

Granted in Council November 3, 178(». 
Vol. 171 p. 298. 

Boston, Septend)er 2i, 1795. 
I certify the foregoing to he a true ab- 
stract from the record index to the Revolu- 
tionary war archives deposited in this office. 

Witness the seal of the Commonwealth. 

(Seal) Wm. M., Secretary. 

Saunders. H'T 


Revolutionary Council Pai'krs. 

Vol.. 171, Page 298. 

To His Excellency the Governor and Ilonlde Council of the 
Commonwealth of MassHts. 

The Petition of John and Robert 
Leech and others of Salem, 
llunibly sheweth 

That your Petitioners have fitted out tlie ship called the 
"Two Prothers," burthened two hundred tons, nu)untini;eii^ht 
four pounders and swivels and navigated by thirty men, having 
on board as provisions fifteen barrels of beef and pork and three 
tliousand AV. of l)read. As ammunition, two huiuh-ed W. of 
powder and shot in proportion. Said ship is intended as a letter 
of marque. 

"^'our petitioners therefore re(|uest your Kxcellency and 
Honors to commission Daniel Saunders as commander of said 
ship, for the purpose above mentioned and as in duty bound 
will ever pray, etc. 

IIeni;^ IIioginson. 
Poston, October 3o, 17S0." 

lOS Fonniler^ of MassachiisetLs J'ki;/ (\>liy))>/. 

,l:iiiu!U-y 2t», 17S1. "The Two Urotlicrs " fought with ;m 
Enu'lisli scow, Cai't. Daniel Sandeks C." 

Jn 1781, ]M-cvioiis to taking command of the Two Brotliers, 
we find the following record : " Ship Franklin, C Mr. Duniel 
Saunders, was taken October * ■'^" came December, 1781. 
Mr. Saunders from Boston taken prisoner by BRrrisn." 

This record is copied from a list of prisoners taken (the 
British Rev. archives). 

Feb. 13, 1781. From log book of Captain Daniel Saunders 
we find, " sighted Rilgnis 0. Robinson." 

December 25, 1781. " The Two Brothers," Daniel Saunders 
captain, had a battle with a Spanish Frigate, forced her to 

January 5, 17.S2. " Engaged a ])rivatee]' of 83m. 22(|. for 
3gl. and took her. He had Ik. 2w., his ctpponimt had liei- 
captain and four more Iv. and iSw." (See Records Felts, 
1845, p. 271). 

Considerable prize money and silver plate was awarded 
Cai'T. Daniel Saunders ; of the latter there ai'e still several 
valuable |)ieces owned and ])rized by his great grandchildren, 
the Misses Cleveland's of Salem, Mass. 

To the generosity of Captain Daniel Saunders inpart, and 
to his active interest in the establishment of the Rectory, St. 
Peter's chui-ch owes her parsonage and the l)eneficeries 
aecompaning the gift. — " Probate Records^ Salem, Ifasi^y 

" Know all men by tlifse presence, tliat we, James Bott Sadler, 
Jonalban Ingalls, and Daniel Sanders, mariner, all of Salem, in 
County of Essex, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, for and 
in consideration of the sum of £400 lawful money, paid to ns ni 
hand by Nathaniel Fisher of Salem, in the county and connnon- 
wealth aforesaid, clerk, the recei]it whereof we do hereby 
ackuowlidge ourselves, therewith fully satisfied and contented, 
have granted, bargained, and sold, and do by these presents 
grant, bargain and sell and convey and remise unto him, the 
said Nathaniel Fisher, and to his heirs and assigns forever, a 
certain piece or parcel of land, containing thirty poles more or 
less, scituate in Salem, in the county of Essex, and common- 
wealth above named, on the 4 side of Federal street, so called, 
bounded on that street 3 poles, northeasterly, on land of Jona 

&(un(/t'rf<. |iil> 

IJiilTmn, liitc (ifsd Salciii, deccasfd ; it poles !."> ft. sduUkiIv (iii 
laiiil late of .losliiia lluiruiii, 2 poles and 1"» It. ami (i in. soulli 
westerly on said .Joshua Ijiill'iiin's, liis laiid 10 poles 8 feet uud 8 
in. or however otherwise Ijouiidetl, being tiie same messuage of 
land sold by Jeremiuli Ilagerty of Salem, (above named lot,) 
deeeiused, to Nathaiuel Fisiier, clerk, and James IJolt, and Mas- 
eott Williams, all of sd Salem, for the i/njirorciiia/it, nxc. and 
bihoof oi the miiiixter, nstry, iriivdcux and iiiiinhcris oi St. Pdcr's 
Ch'irc/i, in said Salem ; to have and to hold the said granted 
premises, with all the buildings thereon, and all the privileges 
and appurtenances thereto, belongingto him, the said Nathaniel 
Fisher, his heirs and assigns forever hereafter ; and we, the said 
.lames Bott, .Jonathan higallsand Daniel Sanders, above named, 
for ourselves, heirs and assigns, and for the proprietors of St. 
Peter's Church, above named, do covenant, with the said Nath'l 
Fisher, his heirs and assigns, thai we are seized of the above 
granted and desvised premises in fee, that they are clear of all 
incumi)rances, and do warrent to secure and defend the same for 
the use and beuetit of the said Nathaniel Fisher, his heirs and 
assigns, against the lawful claim or claims of any i)erson or per- 
sons whomsoever. In witness thereof, we, the said parties, 
have hitherto set our hands and seals, this day of -Inly, 1795. 

.l.\MES Bo'lT, ) 

Daniel Saundeks, -Seal. 
,Jna. Ingeksoll, ) 

T^ ,• I • n \ Nathaniel Teague, 

Delivered m presence of -^ ^^^^ p^k^cott. 

Commonwealth oi'^ .Mass., .July 14, A. D. 17'.).'). 

This day Messrs. James Bott, Daniel Saunders and Jonathan 
Ingersoll, within named, appeared personally and acknowledged 
the within written instrument to be their voluntary act. 

Before Wm. Phescott. Justice Pence. 

Essex Rec'd ScpteinUer 1 1, IT'.'."), and recorded and e.xainiiied 
by Jolin Pickeriii<^, Es(j. 

June 27, 1792. Capt. J)axiei. Saundkrs made a uieiid)er 
of the East India society of Salem. 

(Mo one was admitted to this society unless he had made a 
successful voyage around the Cape of Good Hope as captain of 
his ship). 

At this time we notice that Capt. I)a.\ii:i. lias introduced the 
letter " i; " in the name " Satnokks ; *' iVoin this generation we 
date the introduction of the additional letter to the name. 

lit) Founders of NdSsacJiu setts Bay Colony. 

Cai'T. Daxtki, Sai'Ndkks was frequently ii> Eug'laiul, as also 
were his sons, and no donltt visited the ancestral estates and 
probably learned the modern method of spelHm;- the Dame of 
tluiir forefathers. 

July 25, 1795. Captaix Daniel Sai-ndp^ks havino- been 
appointed administrator of the estate of his oldest brother, 
IJenry, deceased, (Who settled in Mai'bleluiad) closes his 
accounts with thi' following: (See l^robate Records, Salem, 
July S5, I7t>5.) 

"An account of administration of estate of Ilein-y Sanders, 
late of Marblehead, by Daniel Sanders, Admr." (Signed.) 

" Then rt'ccived of Mr. Daniel Sander.s, Admr., of the estate 
(if \ny father, Heury Saunders, late of xtlarlilehead, the sum of 
twenty -two pounds — , 8fs which, with three hundred and thirt}' 
l)ounds, six shillings and eight pence, received ni paper money, 
etiual to eighty-two pounds, eleven shillings and eight pence in 
full for the balance of his account of admiinstratiou of deceased 


John Sandehs. 
Att. .Iamks Bott. 

Makbi.euead, May 15, 1775, Inventory signed." 

Daniel Sanders, Adnir. 

Enumerated, also a negro boy, t 00. 

negro girl, £ 40. 

700 paper dollars, £310. 
Estate of Henry Sanders. 

It is noticable that Daniel Sanders omitted the "u" to his 
name, when signing an official document. 

John Sanders, son of Henry and Desire, born at Marblehead, 
June 3, 17<')2, was therefore grandson to Philij) Sanders and 
nephew to Daniel Sanders, the administrat()r to his fathers 
estate. John Sanders, boi'n June 2, 17<>2, nuirrie<l Susanna 
Mason February 22, 1788. 

From the Probate records in the County of (4rafton, N. IF, 
we (juote the following: 

" 1786. Mercy Mason conveys to Daniel Sanders a certain 
house and lands, etc., etc." 

" Hook 19, p. 25," John Sanders, Salem, County Essex, .sells 
to Richard Lang, Jr., one i)roprielors right of land, which lie 

Saunders. 1 1 1 

purcliased ot" liis son, .hilin Saiulcrs, Jr., of .Saltiii, Ma.^s., in the 
township of Northinnhcrlund, in liie County of Grafton. 
Numbered, 72. April 25, 1794. 

John Saunders, Jr. John Saundeus. 

Wm. Phescott, J. P. 

Book 20, p !)0. February 10, 1795. 

Joint Saunders of Salem, conveys to Richard Lang, County 
(Jrafton, N. II., inercliaut ; one full right or original propiietors 
right for sum of £115. 

April 18, 1792. John Saunders. Jr., conveys to John Sanders, 
mercliant of Salem, one full right lie had in the township of 
Northumberland, County Grafton, N. H. 

John Sanders, Jr., of Salem, Counlj^ E.sse.x, Com. Mass., 
having been duly appointed collector of taxes for the proprietors 
of Township Krrol, County Grafton, State of New Hampshire, 
1798, October 1, conveys to Philip White, Esq., of Southampton, 
Count}^ of Rockingham, State of New Hampshire, two original 
rights to said White in Township of Errol. The said While 
being highest bidder for the same at public auction, held at 
Hampton Falls, County Rockingham, N. H. 

March 4. 1795. B. 20, p. 98-99. 

Nathaniel Ropes of Salem, Mass., conveyed to John Saun- 
ders, Jr., of Salem, INIass., merchant ; for the sum of £125, five 
full shares or rights in the Township of Errol, County Grafton, 
State New Hampshire." 

"Sarah Sanders, widow of Jonathan Saunders, conveys, etc., 
etc., August 13, 1795." 

Ill tilt' year 179S tlie unprovoked ontratyes of the French 
government upon the colonies caused such indignation among 
our ])eoj)le that congress adopted vigorous measures for j)utting 
the country in a proper state of defence preparatory to an ex. 
pected war. A naval armament was decided upon ; the capture 
of French vessels was authorized and the treaties with Finance 
were declared void. Captain Daniel Saunders was most active 
in volunteering his services, and did much good privateer 
service for the two following years, before peace was again 

Ilis health failed him, however, and he was obliged to retire 
to private life. 

112 Founders of MassaclmsetU Bay Colony. 

He died at Wenliam Dec. 31, 1824, while temporarily sojourn- 
iuii; with an aunt for the l)eiietit of his health. 

Sarah Peele, wife of Captain Daniel Sanders, died Jan.. ISIO, 
(some years previous to her husband.) aged 60 years. 

Of the different branches of the Saunders family we find 
that eight wcrr graduates of Harvard College previous to ISOO, 
and to one bnnicli of the family the college is indebted to a 
maiiuiiicent i:;ift, called Saunders Hall. 

Among the records of Essex county, Mass., we find 207 
deeds of transfer of real estate of this family of Saunders pre- 
vious to ISoo. 


The children of Daniel Saunders and Sarah Peele, married 

Sept. 1), mv^, were : 

1. llKMiv Saundeks, b. .Tune 21, 1770 ; d. May 13, 1835. 

2. Damki, Saundeks .Ju., h. March 4, 1772 ; in. Sarah Phippen 

Gill, Oct. 11, 1794. 

3. PiiiLH- Saunders, bap. May 15, 1774 ; died at sea. 

4. Sahaii Saunders, hap. .Tuly 24, 177!) ; d. -July 10, 1795, 

aged 17. 

5. .Tonatifan Peele Saunders, hap. .July 10, 1785 ; in. Dec. 28, 

1811, Mary Adams. He died Feb. 22, 1844. 

Of this generation, the four sons became pi'ominent sea cap- 
tains, making long voyages to the coast of Africa, the Indias 
and to the Continent. 

The shijiwreck of (yaptain Daniel Saunders Jr., born 1772, 
his trials and sufferings, and extracts from the interesting nar- 
rative he wrote, will I)e found in the Public Library, Boston, 

Philip Saunders, born 1774, was a brave, polished gentleman 
of the old schixJ nnd noted for his gallantry ashore as well as 



his braverv at sea. He loved tlie sea, as liis fathers hef(jre him, 
and in its far dejjtlis lie found his <ijrave, having been wiislicd 
overboard in a heavy gale. 

^sc-^ 'X d^<'^^i^ e^^^<>^^ 

Jonathan Peclc Saunders, named for his illustrious grand, 
father, was baptized at St. Peter's churcii -Inly 10, 17>!5. He 
was a very scholarly man of the old school and very fond of 
travel and reseandi. At 21 years of age he surveyed and 
designed a map of the city of Salem, which is an authentic 
reference maj) to-day. In ISO!) he niade a voyage to (.hina as 
captain of ship " Recovery," and in 1838 was captain of ship 
" Elizabeth." 

114 Founders of MassaclitiMflK Bay Colony. 

Sarah Saunders, the only daughter of Captain Daniel, and 
Sarah Saunders, died unmarried at the early age of seventeen. 
Henkv Saundeks, son of Captain Daniel Saunders and 
Sarah Pecle, born June 21, 1770, had all the advantages of 
education, that means and the best private instruction, could 
give liim ; he earl}- conceived the desire to travel, and passed 
some time in England and France. At the early age of twenty- 
five years he was made captain of one of his grandfathers ships. 
In 1705 he made a voyage to England, Holland and France, 
bringinn' home with him the handsome furnishings of the 
home he had provided for his wife. Tlie rich mahogony 
furniture, the chipendale and tekewood desks, the canopied 
bedsteads, the old English clock, the paintings, bronzes and 
plate, hardly coincided with the stories of puritanical prudence, 
which our novelists of today describe as the virtues of our 
ancestors. Capt. Henry Saunders was married August 27, 
1795, to Sallie Shillaber, daughter of Robert Shillaber, one of 
the most prosperous and wealthy importers and shii)ping 
merchants of Salem, Mass. 

Captain Saunders home was 140 Boston street, now Salem, 
Mass., wliere his family resided until his deatli. The home- 
stead was built in the vicinity of that of his father-in-law's, 
Robert Shillaber, and adjacent to that of Major Caleb Low, his 

February 8, 1804. "Capt. Henry Saunders comes in from 
Charlestown, S. C, with eight persons, crew of schooner 
"Hariet" a wreck from Boston, whom he took oif much 
ematiated, for want of sustenance. He lay by them twenty - 
four hours before he could reach the vessel. Soon after his 
kindness to them he lost two of his own men in a gale of wind. 
(See Felt's Annals 1845, j) 315)." He became a member of 
the old Salem Marine society on April 24, 1704, having made 
the voyage around Cape of Good Hope, as commander, at 24 
years of age. 

It was on the return trip of' a voyage to Portugal, when 
about sailing fi-om the port that a native, half dead from cold 
and exposure in the water, clung to the side of the ship as she 



was about to sail and lteii;ii;c<l to he taken on board. lie liad 
been conscri[)ted as a soldier and escaped. Ca])tain Saunders 
listened to his appeal, took him on board and placed him in his 
own cal»in until he had <;-ained strength and life again. The 
law was very stringent, and the penalty of bringing a slave 
iiiiii our northern ports was very great at this time; hence upon 
arriving at Boston, Captain Saunders placed the man, Francis 
Praarra, in a ])arrel with holes bored in it to give him sufficient 
air, and in that wa}' l)rongiit him ashore. The gratitude of the 
man was so great that lie remained with Captain Saunders 
until his death, a most devoted and conscientious servant and 
friend. Francis Praarra lies l)uried in the old buryJTig ground 
at Danvers, beside the ])!ot where lies the remains of him who 
saved his life. 



Died Nov. 25, 1856, 
Aged 68 years 8 moiitlis. 


Died Sept. 16, 1853, 

Aged 69 years. 

Farewell my distress and my woe, 
The storms of existauce are o'er. 

'i'iiough fiercely tlie tempest may blow. 
Its fury ai)))uls me no more. 

Previous to the war of 1S12 Captain Henry Saunders was 
captured by the British, and his ship taken from him. He was 
carried to England and retained as prisoner some time. This 
last service was most severe. From the exposure and sickness 

116 Founders of Jfaxsachusetts Bay Colony. 

during liis confineiiient, liis health was so iiiiicli impaired that 
he did not resume his profession of sea captain. 

May 10, 1813. Stephen Abbott conveys to Henry Sanders of 
Dunvers a pew in St. Peter's church, No. 89, in consideration nf 
t'25 paid, to have and to hold the same with the privileges and 
appurtenances, to him, the said Henry Sanders, his heirs and 
assigns forever. Stephen Abbott, a Seal. 

Mauy Abbott, a Seal. 

June 20, 1808. Mr. Robert Sliillaber, father of Mrs. Henry 
Saunders, dies, and Henry Saunders is appointed guardian to 
his chihiren, heirs-at-law to the [)roperty left to them by his 

May T, 1817. Capt. Henry Sanders and wife, Sally, con- 
vey to Ebenezer Sliillaber, her brother, a portion of the 
property which she inherited from her father, vis: 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Henry Saun- 
ders of Danvers, in the County of Essex, and Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, and Sally, his wife, in her right ; the said Sally 
being a daughter and one of the heirs-atlaw of Robert Sliillaber 
late of said Danvers, deceased. 

In consideration of live thousand dollars, paid by Ebenezer 
Shillaber of the same Danvers, merchant ; the receipt whereof 
we do hereby acknowledge, and for diverse other good causes, 
and considerations, as hereunto moving do for ourselves, our 
heirs, remise, release and forever (juiet claim, unto the said 
Ebenezer all our right and title in and to the following parcels 
of land and buildings in said Danvers, vis : The homestead of 
said dec'd, bounded southwesterly by the highway, north- 
westerly by Curtis Searl, northeasterly by mill road, south- 
easterly by Nathaniel Walton, and heirs of Henry Trask. Also 
half house, late of Sarali Tucker, bounded southwesterly on the 
street, northwesterly on Nathaniel Garland, northeasterly by 
mill road, and southeasterly by Joseph Abora and others. 

Also house and laud occupied by David Daniels, bounded 
northeasterly by highway, northwesterly by Bo.ston road, soiith- 
westerly by Benjamin Giles, southeasterly by Joseph Osborn, 
containing about one acre. 

Also one acre and half mowing land on mill road, bounded 
southerly on mill road, easterly on James Brown, northerly on 
mill pond, westerly on Nath'l Watson. 

Also six-ninths and live seventh of a ninth of one-(piarter of 
Fryes Mills, 

S(tU7l(h:rit. 1 1 7 

Alsi) twcnty-livr acres of woodliiiid, lumiMlcd weslcily on 
Joseph Newiialls, soiitlu riy on Ivcjuling rojul, and easterly on 
.Idiiathan (Jardiiers. 

Also liftuon acres woodland near Kzekial Marsh's, bountled 
northerly on the country road, westerly on Caleb Low's heirs, 
southerly on Zackariah Kinj^'s. and land of ilic town of Danvers. 
and sontlieasterly on heirs of Henry Cook. 

Also the Orne woodlot, containing about four aert's and half 
in eomnion with Henry Cook's heirs, Ijounded ou Zacariah 
Kings, and land of the town of Danvers. 

Also the following parcels of real estate in Salem, in said 
county, vis : A house and land on Boston road, calleil the 
Troi>liater house, containing about li\'e acres, bounded northerly 
on l>oston road, southwesterly by Aborn street, northeasterly 
on Farrington and others, northwesterly b}' Henry Tewksbiiry, 
and Henry Cook's heirs. 

Also three-quarters of an acre of mowing land, bounded 
southerly on Aborn street, northwesterly on Joseph Torrey, 
southwesterl}' on Ward Pool. 

Also about seven and one half acres of land, called the great 
ghiss house field, bounded northwesterly on Aborn street, 
soutliwesterly ou Sylvester Osboru and on Nichols, southerly 
on heirs of I{ol)ert Shillaber, easterly on heirs of Edward 
Tucker and northerly on J. B. Winchester. 

Also one and one-half acres, called small glass house field, 
bounded easterly on Edward Tucker's heirs, northeastc^rly on 
heirs of Robert Shillaber, southwesterly on Nichols, south- 
easterly on Eleaser Popes, and a passage way. Also about ten 
acres, called i)asture field, boimded northeasterly on Aborn 
street anil road to tlie pasture; also bounded on l"''itch Pool and 
John Frost, and u private way. 

Also two and one-half acres, called Proctor field, bounded on 
Joshua Pope and IJobert I*roctor, on hors(' pasture ami on heiis 
t)i E/ekial William. 

Also half store, and one-(iuarler of two wharfs at North 
Bridge, store joins on Joseph Sprague, and the wharf is all in 
conunon with Wait Sprague and Sternes, or however otherwise 
in t h( premises arc bounded with all the buildings, privileges 
anil appiirtences. The said Sally meaning to convey her right, 
in all the real estati; wliereof her father deed seized, and 
possessed of the, being subject to the dower of Eliza- 
betli Shillaber, widow of said Robert. Tlu^ reversion whereof 
is also hereby conveyed. The said Sally being seized of one 
undivided third i)art of the 

Together with all the estate, right, title, interest, use property 
claim and demand whatsoever of us. 

118 FouiKlert; of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

The said Henry aiul Sally wliich wc; now liave or at any time, 
theretofore had, with tlie appurtenances, or to any part thereof, 
or which at any time hereafter has heen hehl and occupied or 
enjoyed, as part or parcx;! of the same. To ha\'e and to hold, 
all the said released premises, with the appurtenances, to him 
the said Ebeuezer Shiliaber, his heirs and assigns forever, and 
we the said Henry and Sally do hereby for ourselves, our heirs, 
our executors and administrators, and every one of them coven- 
ant, and grant to .•ind with the said Ebenezer ShiUaber, and 
with liis heirs, executors, administrators and assigns in manners 
following, that is to say that the released, with the 
appurtenances, without any lawful claim or hiuderance of us. 

That the said Ebeuezer ShiUaber shall from henceforth for- 
ever quietly and peaceably, have and enjoy the released i)rem- 
ises, with the appertenances, without any law fid claim or 
hindrance of us, 

( )r of any person or persons claiming, or who 
by any wa}' or means nuiy claim, the .same or any part thereof, 
b_y, from, or under us. 

In witness whereof we, the .said Henry and Sally Saunders, 
have hereafter set our hand and seal, this seventeenth day of 
May. in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and 
seventeen. Henry Saundeks, 

S.\Li,Y Saunders. 

Signed, sealed and delivered \ A.mos Chote, 
in presence of us, ( Eliza B. Ciiotk. 

Recorded in Kcgister of Deeds, May 17, 1.S17. Book 214 ; 
leaf 57. 

Tills property extended frcmi the sontlierii point of the Dnn- 
vers hnryint!; irronnd, inchulin>^ very nearly all of the two sides 
of the street down to what is known as the " Big Tree." It 
ineluded several houses, mill ri^j^hts, wharves, pasture land and 
stores. It included the portion of land below and heyotid Pros- 
pect street from Ahorn street to heyond Gallows Hill ; that 
latter portion was inherited from the Proctor estate. 

This transfer from HENin' and Sally ShiUaber Saunders to 
her brother, Ebenezer ShiUaber, was at so low a valuation as to 
have been often commented upon in after years. It proved the 
old adage '' that a sailor can never become a business man." 

However much Ebenezer ShiUaber profited by his contr(tl of 
this pro])erty during his life, he was generous to his heirs, and 
iit his death his estate was e(|ually divided among them. 



8e|)t. 11, iMIl, l^lizuhutli i*r(»ctur, wile ot liobcrt b^liillalicr 
aiul mother to Sallj Samulers, died at tlie advanced age of S9 
years. Throujj^h lier death the children of Captain Henry 
Saunders iidierited the Proctor portion f>f her estate. This 
consisted mostly of hinds, a ])ortion of whicli was called Proc- 
tor's plains; also a portion of this lan<l were the fields east of 
(iailows Ilill, hetween Hudson street and Al)orn street, through 
which .Mr. Philii). eldest son of Caj)taiii Henry Saunders, opened 
a street, now called Prospect street, built a proniiuent house 
upon the land, and lived there many years. 

October 2(», 182(5. Mrs. Sally Shillaber, wife of Captain 
Henry Saunders, died aged 52 years, leaving a large family of 
children to mourn her loss. 

Captain Henry Saunders survived his wife nine years, but 
he was much broken in health and spirits. He had a loving 
family of six sons and two daughters. His eldest son, Philip 
Saunders, mai-ried and always occupied the homestead with him. 





Captain IIenky Saunders, 

Who died October 20, 1826, 

Aged 53 years. 

Forgive blest shade the tributary tear 
That moiu-ns th}^ exit from a world liivc tliis, 

Forgive tlie wish that would have kept tliee 
And stayed thy progress to the seat of bliss. 

No more confined to growling scenes of iiighi 
No more a tenant here in mortal elay, 

For should we rallior hail thy glorious lliglil 
And trace thy journey to the relms of day. 

120 Found eri^ of MassacliusetU Bay Colo'ny. 



tiENRY Saunders, 

Who died 

May 13, 1835, 

Aged 64. 

Capt. Henry Saundrhs, 1797. 

iSaunderx. 121 


The cliiltlrcu of Captain Henry Saunders and Sally Shilla- 
Iter, married Auuiist 27. ITiT). were : — 

1. Sakmi Wii.i.ard Sadndeks. 1). June 3, 179(5 ; d. Jul^y 6, 1823. 

2. Aha(w\ii. SiiiiLAHER Sadndeks, b. May 18, 1798 ; d. Jan. 10, 


3. Pmi.ii' Henry Saunders, 1.. June 23, 1800 ; d. Feb. 8, 1886. 

4. Ei-izAi5ETri Shilt.aber Saunders, b. Dec. 16, 1802 ; d. June 

24, 1873. 

5. lioiiEKT SiiiLi.AisEK Saundkrs, b. Ffl). 23, 1805 ; d. July 22, 


6. Eren Siiii,i,aber Saunders, b. Nov. 4, 1807 ; d. Ajiril .1, 


7. Thorndike Proctor Saunders, b. March 9, 1810. / r,, . , d.l872. 

8. Wir-MAM SiiiLLAHKR Saunders, b. Marcli 9, 1810. \ ^^'"'' d.l880. 

9. Edwaiu) Warren Saunders, 1). June 21, 1814. 

Sally Sliillaber Saunders, the mother of this larii;e family, 
must have been very proud of her name and her ancestry. 
Her's is the first family in tliis 2;enealoc:y where I lind the 
family name added as a middle name, and I judi^e by this that 
slie was very familiar with tlie history of the Willard, Thorn- 
dike, Proctor, Sliillaber and Saunders ancestry, and wished her 
<lescondants to regard the same. 

This large family were all born in Salem, Mass. The home- 
stead was situated upon the main road between Salem and 
Danvers. The spot is now numbered 140, Boston street. 

The estate was a gift to Sally Saunders from her father. 
Captain Robert Sliillaber, and was adjacent to the old Sliillaber 
house, asalso tlu; homesof her brother an<l uncle. The ground 
has since been sub-divided, and 111)011 a portion of the land, 
where Captain Henry Saunders' house stood, is now a neat, 
nMidci-ri dwelling. On the Lii'onnds tluire is still li\ing a fine, 

122 Founders of JSlassachusetU Bay Colony. 

large tree, carefully ^uanled and cultured, which was planted 
there more than seventy-five years ago by the (ddest son of this 

Sarah Willard Saunders, horn ITUO, was married to William 
Jhirding. She died at the age of 25 years leaving two children, 
Henry and Sarah. 

Elizabeth Shillaber Saunders, horn 1S()2, became the second 
wife of Mr. Burding December 22, 1823. She had a large 
family and died at the advanced age of 72 years. 

Robert Shillaber Saunders. ])orn 1805, married Louisa Curtis 
of Salem, Jamiai-y 27. 1831. Of this family of five childi-en, 
l)ut one lived beyond the age of 25 years. Two grandsons, 
descendants of this Jine, are residents of Cambridge, Mass. 

Eben Shillaber Saunders, born November 4, 1807, married 
Margaret Ferguson, September. 1829. She was sister-indaw 
of Daniel Potter of Salem, Mass. She is now living in New 
York at the advanced age of 92 years. 

Thorndike Proctor Saunders, born 1810, married Al)by 13. 
Barnaby, daughter of Rev. James Barnaby. April 0, 1835. 
They settled in New York city, where Mr. Saunders engaged 
in wholesale importing business. They had eight children, 
among whom are Mr. Thorndike Saunders, a prominent lawyer 
of New York, and Mrs. Abby Frazer, wife of Judge Frazer of 
Detroit, Michigan. 

William Shillaber Saunders, born 1810, married Se])t. 25, 
1836, Sarah Davis of Ljmn, Mass. 

This familv settled in Michiyan and aftei'ward in Illinois, 
where Mr. Saunders established a large wholesale business in 
connection with his brother Edward of Boston, Mass. His 
sons, one a minister alid the other a doctor, are settled in Wis- 
consin. His daughters, Caroline and Fanny, are respectively 
the wives of two of Wisconsin's most prominent men, Hon. 
Joseph (^uarlesof Milwaukee and the celebrated Dr. Kempster, 
also of same state. 

Edwakd W. Saundkks. 

Saunders. 1 23 

Edward Warren Saunders, horn June 21, 1814, nian-ied 
Uehecca Brooks, a ji:rand-neice of (Tovei'iior Brooks of Miissa- 
cliusetts, A|)ril 11, ls;i(). Mr. Edward Saunders established a 
hir«i;e wliolesale business in Boston, and extended its branches 
to ahnost every state in the far West. He amassed a large 
fortune, but during tlie war of 1801 he lost heavily through his 
southern connections, lie resided for iriany years at Melrose. 
At present he is a resident of Maiden, and though 82 years old, 
is full of life and vitality, aiul liis memory so keen, that I am 
gi'eatly indel)ted to him in numy ways in the amassing together 
the records of this volume. Of hischihlren, but two are living, 
Mr. Edward Jr., and a daughter, Nellie, the wife of Mr. William 
Payson of Maiden. 

Philip 11 knrv Saundkrs, eldest son of Captain Henry 
Saunders and Sallie Shillaber, born June 23, 1800. lie 
received his name in memory of his iirst ancestor, Henry, as 
also his fatiier. and the name "Philip" in memory of his great 
grandfather, Philip Sanders, of Salem, Mass. 

Pnii.rr Henky Saunders was born in the old ShillMber 
house, so-called, 140 Boston street, now Salem, Mass. This 
home was also the birthplace of his children. It was located 
in a historical section of the town and desigiuited as "the C^apt. 
Saunders estate" until the year 1850, when the house was 
torn down and the land sub-divided. Philip Henry Saun- 
ders' early education was received from the private instruc- 
tors of the day. He was very fond of mathenuitics and 
architecture as also had a natural mechanical taste for en- 
gineering. He was the oldest child, and having been 
delicate in his youth, was given no i)rofession and though 
married at the age of 21 years he renjaincd at the homestead 
with his parents until their death. In his younger days he 
conceived a desire for the ministry, being then of a very 
religious temperament, and was at that time a nu»st active 
worker and speaker at all religious meetings of his church. 
He was always patriotic, even in his youth, and at the first 
sound of cannon in Salem Harbor, at the commencement of 

124 Founders of Massachusetts Uoi/ Colony. 

the battle hutwecii tlie " Cliesii])eake and Sliannan," June 1, 
ISlo, Pliili]) Henry Saunders, then a lad of 13 years, attempted 
to run away and join in tlie defence. Ilis father, (/aptain 
Henry Saunders, was at sea. He was the eldest son, and after 
being sought after and brought home sevei-al times, he yielded 
to the persuasions of his mother and remained with her. 

Latei", as a man, he l)ecanie a member of the famous "Light 
Infantry,'' and later, still in the fifties, he re-enroled himself as 
a mend>er of the "Salem Cadets," a company of the Governors 

Philii' IJknky Sadndeks was much attached to the bi'oad 
fields, high hills and grand views seen from the Proctor fields, so 
called, inherited from iiis grandfather, Thorndike Proctoi-, Jr. 
Mr. Philip conceived in imagination a h(»me of Iiis own placed 
upon its highest jxjint. The stories of witches, and the tales 
of their appearance as night fall approached, had no terrors for 
him, fV>r he and Iiis brothers often talked over together in 
secret, the pi'anks they themselves had committed to keep U|) 
the superstition ; how on dull dark evenings, especiall}' when 
church folks were out for the evening service, they had dis- 
played their jack-o lantern kites from long strings with their 
candle burning, well [)rotected from the breeze; how they had 
tied sti-ings to the door latch and given occasional pulls for 
hours at a time, knowing full well that the inmates were 
sitting in fear and silence, awaiting the d6i>arture of the so- 
called "witches spirit" again. 

These fields by day time, were the most charming heights of 
the city, commanding a most extended view of Salem, fi-om 
Gallows llill to the harbor, including Marblehead, Beverly and 
Dan vers. 

In 1840 Philip Ilenr}' Saunders completed liis house upon 
these lieights, and from a letter dated July 16, IS-tS, addressed 
to liis father-in-law, one has a httle insight into the pleasure he 
had in his new home, and the rather patriotic manner of having 
completed it. His eccentricity of character could hardly have 
been better expressed. I?i describing his home he writes: — 


Saunders. 125 

" Nittliinfi^ equals its beauty and pleasantness. On the 8th of 
January, General flackson's battle at New Orleans, I s(]uarred 
the eeller and drove the steaks." 

" On the 22d day of Februai-y, George Washington's birthday, 
I c<Miinienced eleariiig what little dirt there was on the rocks.'' 

" On the 15th of March, General Jackson's birthday, I moved 
the steaks tour feet back and squared the eeller again, and re- 
moved all the dirt.'' 

''On the 19th of A[)ril, the battle (»f Lexington, the first 
blast was made in the cellar." 

" On the 7th of June, the day that General Washington was 
appointed comniandei" and chief of the army, the rocks were 
all cleared out of the cellar ready for laying the wall." 

•* On the I7th day of June, the Battle of Bunker IJill, the 
first corner stone was laid." 

"On the 4th of -Inly, Independant day, at sunrise in the 
morning, amidst the firing of cannon and ringing of bells, and 
tiie fiags flying at mast head, was raised the "cottage"; and as 
we raised broadside, and as every ])in was drove, three clieers 
were given ; and after l)eing raised, the men were treated to 
crackers, cheese and brandy |)unch. So you may judge they 
were merry enough at the raising. The young men, within 
fifty feet of the frame, erected a staff and raised a flag. A large 
cannon on a carriage was firing minute guns. Yoii are well 
aware that the cellar was blown out of solid I'ock. The house 
is sui-rounded by a broad piazza, is two stories with a pointed 
roof formed of seven gables, surmounted with a belvedere, or 
turret, or dome, eight feet stpiare, commanding a view of Bev- 
erly, Marblehead, Lynn, Danvers and Salem Harbor." 

Signed, ■ Phuji- II. Saunders. 

This homestead was for miny years a conspicuous spot, 
remote from the city, and for a ver}' long time almost the only 
house built upon the Proctor fields, so called. In 1861 Mr. 
Philip Henry Saunders paid for a substitute to take part in the 
defence of th(! rei)ublic, though he himself was much too old 
to be drafted at that time, lie lived to the advanced aije of 86 
years, dying Feb. 8, 1886. 

126 I'vunderis of Ma-ssachunetts Bay Colunij. 


Philip PIenry Saunders, born Jniie 23, 1800, was married 
at Lowell, Mass., in 1821 to Eliza N. Josepli, by whom lie 
bad tbe tollowing children : 

1. Henry Francis Saunders, 1). 1822 : still liviug iu Lawrence, 


2. Chari-es Richard P. Saunders, b. March (5, 1831. 

Eliza Joseph, wife of Philip Heury Saiiudcrs, d. Ajjiil 0, 
1834, ag. 32. 

Philip Henry Saunders, born June 23, 1800, was married, 
2nd, on December 25, 1835. at Dan vers, Mass., to Nancy True, 
born 1806, daughter of Winthroji True and Sarah Clitiord, of 
Wetitworth, ^. \L 

The children by this second marriage were: 

3. Eliza Ann Saunders, b. September 9, 1837. 

4. WiNTHRop True Saunders. )> ()ctol)er I'J, 183'J ; d. 1843. 

5. Sarah Spraoue Saunders, b. July 24, 1843. 

Henry and Charles Saunders, sons of Philip Henry Saunders, 
were early inibuded with the s])irit of travel and adventure. 
Henry, the eldest, fancied he would like a sea life. At the 
age of eighteen he embarked in one of his uncle's shijis as 
captain's boy, and as a parting gift he was presented with one 
hundred Spanish silver dollars, M-ith instructions to invest it to 
the best advantage for himself. Before reaching port, how- 
ever, they encountered a severe storm and were shipwrecked 
within sight of land. Remembering his fortune the 1)0}^ 
attempted to swim ashore with his bag of money around him, 
which nearly caused him to loose his life; fortunately the liag 
burst, the money was lost, and he was washed ashore more 
dead than alive. Through the agents of his uncle he obtained 

I'liii.ii- JFknky Saunders. 

Saunders. 127 

l)assai;e to tlie United States, and iiov(m- was known to attempt 
a jonrney l)y sea again. 

His next adventure was in 1^54-, when lie witli liis l)iotlK'r 
and a company of ten ])ioneers from IJoston, went to Kansas 
and assisted in the settlement of that state. Charles Saunders 
was not strontr enough to endure the fatigue of pioneer life, 
and returned to Massachusetts ; I)ut Henry Saunders was most 
activi' in till' enteri)rise. lie formed a company of militia and 
was inunediately elected its captain ; later, during the border 
war, he was appointed colonel of a regiment and served witli 
distinction in defence of Ids adopted state. He was the first 
one to enter largely into business relations, and was the author- 
ized agent in extending the business of Edward Saunders, his 
uncle, to the interior settlements of the far west. Pie is now a 
resident of Lawrence, Kansas, where he and his family have 
lived for more than forty years. 

Charles Saunders, second son of Philip Henry, entered the 
army at the breaking out of the civil war in 1861-2. He was 
mustered into the U. S. service at Newburyport, Mass., and 
appointed to Co. A in the Thirtj'-ninth llegiment of Infantry. 
The ofHcers of this regiment were : — 

Colouel, Ingraham Barton. 

Lieutenant Colonel, Charles L. Pearson of Salem, Mass. 

Major, II. M. Tremlet of Boston. 

Captain, George H. Nelson, commanding Co. A. 

First Lieutenant, Henry Moulton of Peabody, Co. A. 

Second Lieutenant, George Miley of Peabody, Co. A. 

Colonel P. Stearues Davis was in cliariic of the ljci;imciit 
after the first month of the service, lie was killed in front of 

Colonel Pearson is still living. 

Major Tremlet died of wounds received at the battle of 
Spotsylvania. Of the numl)er of engagements. Mr. diaries 
Saunders writes me the following record : 

" We did picket and patrol duty during the year 1802 and 
186:i .uid |i:irli(ip:iti(l ill liir following engagements. 

" :\Iinc l{un, Va., May 26-30, ISO;}." 
" Wilderness, Va., May 0-7, 1SG4." 
"The Angle, Va., May 12, 1804." 

128 Foimders of .MassachusetU Bay Colony. 

" Spotsylvania, Va.,May 12-18, 1864." 

" North Auna, May 2:}-27. 1864." 

" Bctlicra Church, May 30, 1864." 

" Cold Ilarl.or, ,liiiK'l-r), 1864." 

" White Oak Swamp' June 11-12, 1864." 

" Petersburg, June 17-24, 1864." 

" Weldon R. R., July 18-19, 1864." 

" Poplar Spring Church, September 30, 1864." 

" Hatches Run, October 27, 1864, also February 5-7, 1865." 

" White Oak Road, March 31, 1865." 

" Five Forks, April 1, 1865." 

■' Hickannock Creek, April 2, 1865." 

" Bagotton Plank Road, May 29, 1865. 

" Appomattox, April 9, 1865." 

Mr. Charles Saunders was honorably discharged June 2, 1805, 
by reason of the close of the war. Of the livintij members of 
his regiment lie writes : " We have about one hnndred and 
thirty at our reunion eacli year, but they are scattered over the 
state. We do not muster over ten of Co. A's men now; every 
year reduces our nnmbei-, and soon we all will muster on the 
other side of life." And this is true of all God's creations; 
the nearer we live to IJim in this life, so miu-li nearer will we 
be to llim m Eternity. 

Mr. Charles Saunders' health was very much impaired from 
exposure during his war service, and though he has occupied 
an honorable a[)pointment in the civil service of the government 
for many years, he has at times been a great sufferer, and never 
fully recovered his health. 

Nancy True, second wife of Mr. rhili[) 1 1 en ry Saunders, was 
daughter of Winthrop True, (a descendant of Henry True of 
Salisbury, Mass.,) and Sarah Clifford, daughter of John Clifford 
of Ramney, N. II., (descendantof the house of Clifford, England.) 
JSTancy True died Aug. 7, 1857, aged 1:9, leaving two daughters, 
Eliza A. Saunders and Sarah Sprague Saunders, who became 
the wife of Chief Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy. 

Descendants of the Saunders line herein inscribed are lineal 
descendants of ev'ery line (except the Daniels line) inscribed in 
this book. 

Sau7iders. 129 


Sarah Sprague Saniulers, bom July 24-, 1843, daugliter of 
Philip Henry Saunders and Nancy True, was married hy the 
Rev. Georges D. Wihlcs at St. Mark's chai)el, Boston, Mass., 
Jnne 26, 1867, to Chief Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy ; 
born at Briclien, Scotland, Dec. 13, 1834. 

Thetr Chh.dren. 

1. WiNTniioi' Clikkokd Smith, b. Wiisliins^ton, I). C, June 26, 

1870 ; d. July 7, 1870. 

2. .VixAN Lowe Smith, b. Boston, Mass., August G, 1872; d. 

Jiuiuaiy 16, 1873. 

3. Helen .Maud SAtiNDfeRS Smith, li. Wassliiiiirtoii, I). C, 

F(!l)ruary 9, 1874. 

4. Esther Bvers Smith, b. Nice. France, March 25, 1882. 

T). Marie Lowe S-viith, b. Washington, D. C, OctolxT Ui, 1884. 

The Author's Lineal Line. 

Captain John' Sanders, l)orn al)t)ut L582, father of 

JoiiN^ Sanders, born 1613, father of 

Captain Joiin'^ Sanders, born Im. Od., 1640, bap. I^'irst 

church, Salem, Mass., father of 
Captain John'* Sanders, born Oct. 22, 1665, father of 
Captain Piiri.ii' Sanders, born 1694-5, father of 
Captain Daniel Saunders, born Sept. 3, 1744, father of 
Captain Henrv Saunders, born June 21, 1770, father of 
Piiii.ii' Henry Saunders, born June 23, 1800, father of 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, born duly 24, 1843, wife of 
(>iiiKK Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy, father of 
IIicuKN Saunders S.viirn, l)orn Feb. 8, ls74. 
Esther Bvers Smith, born March 25, 1882. 
aNLvuiK Lowe Smith, born Oct. 16, 1884. 

130 Foundn'fi of ]\raMftaeh'nsettfi Bay Colony. 




*1604. RiciiARn, w>?/ o/Molm Sanders. 

1603. Ellen, f/(?'/,'////^'r r;/' Wm. Saunders. 

1605. RiciiAKD, sttn of William Saunders. 

*1606. Don ATiiYE, f/'/'/'7/'y/'/' '>/".IonN Sanders, Wceke, Aug. 17. 

1601. Ellinor, daiKjhter of William Sanders. 

*1613. John, S')/? «/ John Saunders of Wes:ke, was baptized the 26tli 

of March. 
*1614. Elizabeth, da uglitcr of inhn Saunders. 
*1615. Sarah, '/'/«,'/A^';/' ';/' John Saunders. 
*1617. Joseph, .>iv>M ^/ John Saunders. 
*1622. Moses, mii. of idhn Saunders. 
1637-48. James, Elizabeth, D.wid, Mary, Sarah, vhiUhcu 'j/Riehard 

and p]lizal)eth Sanders, or Saunders. 

1650. Richard, «o?i «/ Richard Sanders. 
1652. Richard, »>ii «/' Richard Sanders. 


1604. Ellen. ihnKjldir of "^\\\\\,\,n\ Sanders, Ap. 10. 
*1609. Ales Saunders, ilu- irife if John Saunders of Weeke, 29 Dec. 

1621. Als Sanders, //(r; Wi'/'c «/ Richard Sanders, 21 April. 
1626. Richard Saunders, 27 Sept. 

1628, Elinor Saunders, the ir/fc of William Saunders, 2 Aui!;. 

1644. Elizabeth, dmig/iter of William Sanders of Plailford, 21 June. 

1646. Elizai5e;th Saunders. 

1648. John Sanders, ffeb. 12. 

1649. Moses Sanders, Aug. 11. 

1656. Sara and Elizabeth, din/t//i/<-r of .^o\m Sanders, May 3. 


1608. John Saunders and Joane Moudge, June 24. 
*1610. John Saunders and Ales Coles, were iitarricd the 4th day of 

1622. Georoe Earle and Elizabeth Saunders trrrr mamed the 6 

of jNIarch. 

1622. Andrewe Downer and Grace Saunders were nuirried the 

13th of Novemb. 
1634. Thomas Eastman and Als Saunders were muriied the 21 Octob. 
1636. Richard Sanders and Elizabeth Mithell, the 1 of Nov. 

Saunders. 131 



1562. TuisTKEN Matiikw, Burgess. 

1585. Thomas Uorgks, Burgess. 

1592. AViLiJAM, w/? <?/ Anthony Cliirord, Baronet. 

1596. RoBKHT Turner, Burgess. 

1602. Walter Arundell, Buried. 

1612. Rowland, ><(>u (y/Thoniiis Lawreuee, Buried. 

1013. John, s^/t o/ Philip Coles, Buried. 

1628. Sir Richard Saunders, owner of manor Hempworth, 

Downton Parish, arms disallowed. 

1653. Barnahy Colkb, Burgess. 

1727. Hon. John Verney. Burgess. 

1728. Anthony Diincoml), Esq., afterward created Lord 
Feversliani. a))j)ears after tliis tinit^ to liave obtained a jire- 
])oiiderin^- inllueuce in tiie boi'onij;'li and re[)resented Downton 
in l^arliament until lie was raised to the peerage in 1740. 

1747. J Ion. (i(e(jri;e Proct(n- represented Downton in Par- 
liament. The names above, such as Mathew, Gorges, Clilford, 
Proctor, Turner, Arundell, Lawrence, Saunders, Coles and 
Verney, are found amongst the earliest settlers and [)roj)rietors 
of the New England Colony, and especially are they associated 
witli .lohn Saunders the first, in the colonization of Salisbury, 
Hampton, Wells and Hampshire, or New Hampshire, as it is 
iKiw called. 

132 Founders of Masmchusetts Bay Colony. 


JOHN Saniulers of Weeke, Dowiitoii Parish, Wiltsliire 

County, England, and Ales •, married . She died 

29 Dec, 1GU9. 

Their Children. 

1. 1604. HiciiAui), son <if John Sar.ders, bii]). Downtou Parish. 
3. 1600. Aug. 17, DoKOTiiY, (htnghtcr <>/ .lolm Sanders, Weeke, 

Second Marriage. 

JOHN Saunders of Weeke, Downton Parish, Wiltshire 
County, England, and Ales Coles, married 4th Felj., 1610. 

Their Cuildren. 

3. 16 lo. 26 Mardi. John, .'^^/m (^f John Saunders of Weeke, bap. 


4. 1614. Elizabeth, (Im/ghfer of John Saunders of Weeke, bap. 


5. 1615. Sarah, danyJiter of John Saunders of Weeke, bap. 


6. 1617. JosEi'ii, .N'>// "/John Saunders, of Weeke, l)ap. Downton. 

7. Hj'2'2. Moses, son </ John Saunders of Weeke, bai). Downton. 


SARAH, i'/o/it),) h;i\). Downton Parish, En<^land, 1G15, came 
to America in the " Confidence," 1638, was married, Salis- 
bury, Mass., to Major Robert Pike, A[)ril 3, HHl. Major Pike 
was one of the uKjst prominent and influential lawyers and 
officers in Essex county ; was a lineal descendant of Robert 
Pike, Bishop of Litchfield, England. 

Their Children. 

1. Sarah, b. 24 Feb., 1642 ; m. Wymond Bradbury, May 7, 1661, 
son of Capt. Thomas Bradbury and Jane Perkins. 
Sarah Pike Bradbury died Nov. 1, 1679. 

3. Mary, b 22 Feb., 1644 ; d. young. 

Saunders. 133 

3. DoKt'iiiv, 1). 11 Nov., 101"); 111. .loslnui I'icrce. 

4. .M u<v. iigiiiii, It. 5 All--.. 1(J47. 

o. Eliz.vijktii, 1). 24 June, 1G58 ; in. Kichanl Ornu ; danijhtcr 

I01i/.;ilii'lli 111. Altijiili EstciS. 
G. .loiiN, I). i;3 .May, 1G.j:{, II. C. 1G75. 

7. KoBEUT, b. 26,)uue, 1G55. 

8. Mosiis. 1). 15 Murch. KI.W. 


WILLIAM Sanders and Ellinor were married in Wiltslnre 
County, Et)<(land, prol)al)ly at Plaitford, and had the foHowini^ 
cliildren, baptisms at Downton Parish, Wiltsliire County, Eng- 
land : Ellinor Sanders, the wife of William Sanders, died 2 
August, 1628. Jn irt33 William Sanders emigrated to America 
with his brother, John, and formed one of Rev. Stephen 
Batclielder's colony at lIamj)ton, N. II. He was a sea captain. 
1038, liis ship was burned to the waters edge, and be asked the 
General High Court for a certificate of the fact, to send to the 
owners at London. At the foundation of the colony for North 
Carolina William Sanders was commissioned by Governor 
Winthro}) as one of its founders. lie settled there and his 
descendants have been the foremost promoters of North 
Carolina. Kentuck}' and Tennessee. 

C'hildren of William Sanders of Plaitford, and Ellinor, 
bajitised, Downton Parish, Wiltshire County, England. 

1. 1001. ELLiNoit, (hiughtcr of \Y\\\\ixm Saiulers, bap. 

2. 1603. Ellen, rf««5?A^<'r 61/ William Sanders, bap. ; died April 

4, 1604. 

3. leOo. Rk'HAKD, son of Williaiii Saunders, bap. ; died 27 

Sepl. 1020. 
[These words are spelled as written in the register.] 

Colonel David Sanders, a j)rominent lawyer of Louisville, 
ICentucky, is a descendant of this line. 

The wife of tlie })re8ent Governor of North Carolina, Mrs. 
D. A. Russell, was Miss Sanders, a lineal descendant of this 
line. The names John and William Sanders appear fre(piently 
in the records of the Revolution from the Carolina branch of 
this family. 

1^4 Founder f< of ]\[assachusetts Bay Colonij. 


JOHN Sanders {J)orn Weeke, Doitmton Paruh, England) 
married Ales Coles, Feb. 4, lOlO, their daughter, Sarah, horn, 
1G15, (see record Dowiiton Parish Register) came to America, 
iij the "Confidence," and was married, April 31, 1G41, to 
Major Itohert Pike of Salisbury. Their son, 

INIosEsPiKE, boni Jan. 15, 1658 ; iiianied Susanna, granddaughter 
of Hev. Wui. Worcester, one of the orignial grantees of Salis- 
bury, Mass. Their son, 
John Pike, born Oct. 20, 1703; married, Oct. 31, 1728, Mary 
Hooke, granddaugliter of Governor Wni. Ilooke, wlio was sou 
of Ilumplirey Hooke, Mayor of Bristol, England, M. P. Their 
J.\MES Pike, born Sept. 27, 1745 ; marrifMl Mary French Aug. 6, 
1768, she the descendants of Edward French, one of the richest 
men of Salisbury. Their daugiiter, 
Sarah Pike, born Ajiril 20, 1769 ; married, Jan. 27, 1794, Samuel 

Baker, Jr. Their son, 
Geoikse W. Bakek, born June 20, 1799; married, Sept. 25, 1825. 
Dorothy True (lineal descendant of Capt. Henry True and 
Israel Pike). Their daughter, 
Antoinette Josephine True, born Dec. 20, 1838; married, Feb. 
21, 1865, Judge Edwin R. Huntington. 


JOHN [Capt. John of Weeke, I)ownto7i , England^) l)aptized 
Downton, March 26, 1613; married Priscilla Grafton, 
daughter of Captain Joseph Grafton, at Salem, Mass. 

Their Cnir.D. 

John Saunders, b. Salem, Mass. ; baji. 1-9-1640, First church, 
Salem, Mass. 


JOHN Saunders, {John, Capt. John,) baptized 1 9-1640. 
P'irst church, Salem, Mass ; was married by Major Ilathorne 
Nov. 5, 1661, to Hannah Pickman, daughter of Captain 
Nathaniel Pickman and Tabitha. 

Saunderx. 185 

Fouirrii (tKneiiation. 

Children of John Saunders and Ilaniiali Pickniun, married 
Nov. 5, \m\. 

1. Ihtuf/hter, Hannah, b. 15-11, 1662. 

2. Ben.iamin, b. 1663-4 ; d. before 1700. 

3. Sim, John, b. 22-10, 1665. 

4. Son, James, b. 23-7-1667; m. Eli/.al)etli Wliilticr .June 22, 

1699 ; d. Dec. 9, 1721. 

5. Son, Wii.i-iAM, 1). 1668 ; lu. Bridget, daughter of Jolui and 

Abagail Snuth ; 1)ap. Aug., 1672. 

6. N.vtiiamel, b. 2-7-1670 ; m. Abigail, 1703 ; settled iu Glouces- 

ter, Mass. 

7. Joseph, b. 21-6-1673 ; d. 7-6-1674. 

8. Elizaheth, b. 28-7-167S ; d. 1708, aged 30. 


NATHANIEL (6V^. JMti, John, Caj)t. John) Un-n 2-1- 

1(570; married Abigail , 1703, settled in Gloucliester. 

^ Their Ciiildken. 

1. Hannah, b. Jan. 26, 1704. 

2. Xathanikl. b. Sept. 29, 1705 ; d. Sept. 26, 1717. 

3. John, b. Mareli 18, 1707 ; m. Hannah Saj'ward. 

4. Joseph, b. October 17, 1708 ; d. November 18, 1712. 

5. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 24 ; 1710 ; d. Dec. 24, 1727. 

6. Mary, b. Sept. 13, 1712 ; d. young. 

7. David, b. Feb. 1715. 

8. Mary, b. May 1, 1718. 

9. Abioaii,, b. July 13, 1720. 


JOHN {Nathaniel, Capt. John, John, Cajd. John) horn 
Marcli 18, 1707; married, Jan'ry 23, 1735, Hannah Sa_y\vard. 

Their Ciiii.itiiKN. 

1. J<mN, b. Oct. 24, 1735. 

2. AuKiAii,, b. June 3, 1738. 

136 I^ounders of MassachuseiU It ay Volo'/iy. 


WILLIAM {Qipt. John, John, Capt. John) l)orn 1008; 
married l^ridi^ot Smith; bap. Aug. 1672; settled in Boston, 
Mass., an iuiporter of dry goods, etc. 

Their Children. 

1. John, b. Nov. 24, 1711. 

2. BiiiDuicT, 1). Dec. 14, 1714. 
8. Hannah, h. Aug. 23, 1717. 

4. Edward Ladd, b. Nov. 3, 1720. 


JOHN, {Capt. John, John, Copt. John,) l)aptized Salem, 
Mass., 22-10-1665, was married Sept. 14, 1688, to Return 
Sliattnek. Second marriage Dec. 26, 1695, to Mary Sargent. 

Children, First Marriac^e. 

1. John, d. young. 

2. RoiiKUT. )). 1093-4. 

3. Piiii-rr, b. 1694-5. 

Children, Second Marriage. 

4. John, b. Aug. 25, 1696. 

5. Sarah, b. June 16, 1699 : m. .Tolin Swctt. 

6. Thomas, b. May 14, 1701. 

7. jNIary, 1). Feb. 2, 1703; in. Edward Woodman. 

8. .Jamks, b. July 11, 1707 : m. Elizabeth Estcs. 

9. .Jacoi:, b. July 4, 1710. 

10, Kac'hei,, 1). April 22, 1713: m. Benjamin TTill. 


]*HILI1*, {John, Caj^t. John, John, Cap)t. JoJm.,) was mar- 
ried Sept. {), 1720, to Mary Elkins, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Elkins and Elizabeth. 

Their Children. 

1. IIrnry, bap. June 2, 1732. 

2. PniLir, bap. June 2, 17.32. 

Saunders. 1 37 

3. John, bap. Nov. 9, 1734 : d. 1740. 

4. SAMUiii-, bap. Jan. 14, 173G. 

5. Maky, bap. June 1'^, 1739. 
(5. Sar.vii, bap. Sept. 4, 1741. 

7. Thomas, bap. Feb. 20, 1743. 

8. Daniki-, bap. Sept. 8, 1744. 

9. ELrzABExn, bap. July 4, 1747. 

10. Susanna, bap. Oct. 21, 1749. 

11. John, again bap. 1753. 


DANIEL {Philip, John, Cajpt. John, John, Cajpt. JoJin) 
bap. Sept. 8, 1744; married Sarah Peele, daii<jjliter of Jonathan 
Peele, Sept. 9, 1709. 

Their CniLDREN. 

1. IIenky, 1). June 21, 1770. 

2. Daniel, junr, b. Marcli 4, 1772. 

3. Piiiup, bap. May 15, 1774. 

4. Sarah, bap. July 24. 1779. 

5. Jonathan, bap. July 10, 1785. 


HENRY, {PhiUjf, John, Capt.John, John, Capi. John,) 
l)orii Jniie 2n(l, 17'>2 ; married Desire (iorhain of Marhlcliead, 
170 1. 


JoifN. b. Marblehcad June 2, 1762. 


JOHN, {Henry, Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John, John, 
Capt. John,) born Marblehead, June 3, 1762. Married Susanna 
Mason, Salem, Mass., Feb. 22, 17S3. 

Their Children. 

1. Susanna Mason, bap. April 11, 1784. 

2. Dksiuk Gokha.m, bap. June 5, 1785. 

13S Founders of Massachusetts Uaij Colony. 

3. John. bap. Sept. 2, 17f^fi. 

4. Lydia. bup. Au--. 20, 1788. 

5. Pkbsekveu Et,kins, bap. Oct. 21, 1790. 

John Sanndei'fi, son of Henry Saunders and Desire Gorliain, 
was ])orn at Marl)lehead, but after liis nuirriafi^e resided at Salem, 


DANIEL Saundei-s, Jr., {Capt. Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, 
Capt. John, John, Capt. John, Henry), I). Marcli 4, 1772, was 
married, October 11, 17'Jl-, by Rev. Dr. Bentley to Sarah 
Phippin Gill, daughter of John and Priscilla Phippin Gill, of 
Salem, Mass. 

Daniel Saunders, Jr.. son of Captain Daniel Saunders of 
Revolutionai-y fame, was a well educated, cultured gentleman, 
of great courage, personal endurance and bi'avery; early im. 
buded with the love of travel and adventure, lie at the age of 
19 years, shipped as mate of a vessel bound for Madras and 
Bombay. At Madras he and his captain had some difiicult}' as 
to the government of the ship (the captain being very cruel) 
and Daniel Saunders, Jr.. re-enlisted in the ship Commerse, 
Samuel Johnson of R. J., as captain; also bound for the same 
port, Pombay. They sailed from Madras, 28 April, 1792, and 
on July 10th, were shipwrecked and cast ashore upon the wild 
and uninhabited coast of Arabia. Several of the crew were 
drowned, the remainder began a wearisome and almost hopeless 
journey along the coast toward Muskat, being nearly 500 miles 
in a direct line, though the rout they were obliged to pursue 
over mountains, or burning sands, was almost twice that distance. 
The narrative, written and published by Daniel Saunders, Jr., 
on his return to America, August 17, 1793, which contains an 
account of his perilous journey through the wilds of Africa, 
his half starved condition, the death and despair ».>f liis comrads, 
his perilous escape from the treachery of the savages and his 
timely arrival at a port of civilization, when nearly exhausted 
from a march of 800 miles through an uninhabited country. 

Saunders. 130 

tliruiiiili the scurcliiiiir saiuls, without r;iiniuiit ur loud soeuis 
iihiiost incredible; hut with him were others, who also endured 
the same terrible experiences, and tlie narrative published 
175)7-0 and 1825 is without its parallel of human ^snll'erings 
and endurance. Undaunted by this unfortunate beginnini:; he 
still continued the i)rofession of a mariner, and made many 
voyages to Europe, Africa and the Indies, and rose to the posi- 
tion of captain, with great credit to himself. 


The children of Captain Daniel Saunders .Ir. and Sarah 
Phippen (Till, married at Salem, Mass., Oct. II, 1704, were: 

1. Thomas Mason, bap. St. Peter's chureh, Saleiii, June 38, 1795. 

2. Sakah, b. Feb. 3, 1797 ; bap. St. Peter'.s chureli, Salem, Feb. 

12, 1797 ; (1. June 18, 1880. 

3. Emza, bap. St. Peter's, Salem, Dec. 23, 1798. 

4. Maky Ann Gill, bap. Salem, Feb. 1, 1800. 


SARAH Saunders, daughter of Daniel Saunders Jr. and 
Sarah Gill, born Feb. 3, 1707; died at Salem June 18, 1880 ; 
married May 11, 1824, Captain Emery Johnson of Salem, born 
at Weston, now Warren, Mass., Aug. 24, 1700, and who died 
in Salem, Jan. 10, 1845. 

TuKiK Children. 

1. Emkky Saundeks Johnson, 1). Salem, May 7, 1827 ; m. June 

19, 1850, Ann Flizabeth Creamer of Salem; b. Dec, 
1824; (IdUfjhter of Benjamin Creamer and Anne Mauly 
Brau Creamer. Capt. Kmery Saunders Jolin.son d. Dec. 
13, 1880. 

2. Ciiaklp:8 Augustus Johnson, d. unmarried, aged 21 years, 8 


3. IIouACK I'almkk Johnson, d. unmarried, aged 19 years, 8 


4. FuANCis IIenuy Johnson, d. ag(;d is months. 

14 It Founders of 3lassachnsetts Bay Colony. 


C;i}»taiii Einci-y Samiders Johnson, horn May 7, 1.S27; mar- 
ried June I'J, 1850, Ann Elizaheth Creamer of Salem, Ma«a. 

Their Children. 

1. Charles IIouace Johnson, b. Salem, Mass., Feb. 3, 1855 : d. 

Dec. 17, 1872, umnarried. 

2. Emery Walter Juiinson, b. Salem, Mass., Sept. 15, 1857; 

m. Annie Eliza Cloutman, ilaiujlUer of Capt. Steplien 
and Mary Elizabeth (Peace) Cloutman of Salem. 


E.viERY Walter Johnson Jr., b. Denver, Colorado, April 20, 
188(i; d. Denver, Colorado, Nov. 25, 1890. 

Captain Emery Johnson, horn Aug. 24, ITl'O, hushand (d" 
Sarah Saunders (the daughter of Ca[)tain Daniel Saunders Jr.,) 
came from a most illustrious family. lie was the lineal 
descendant <»f General John Johnson, general of militia, and 
surveyor general of the Massaciiusetts Colony, who came from 
England, and ai-rived with wife, Margery, and children, proh- 
ably with Governor Winthrop's Heet in 1(530. General John- 
son was a warm, trusted friend of Governor Winthrop, and at 
his (Winthro[)\s) death, was made executor of his will. General 
Johnson was Representative to first General Court in lOSJ and 
for the iifteen years succeeding. He was a member of tlie 
Honorable Artillery Company in 1G3S, and its clerk from 1G3S 
to 16-10. 

His son, Isaac Johnson, was also a member of the same com- 
])any in 10-1-5, a lieutenant in 1606, a captain in 1{W)1. He was 
also captain of the Roxbury company in 1653, Representative 
in 1671, and killed by the Indians in tlie Narragansett fight, 
Dec. lt>, 1675. 

His son, Captain Isaac Johnson of Roxbury, was ca})tain of 
the Honorable Artillery Company in 1677, and killed in King 
Phillip's war. 

Abner Johnson, grandfather to Capt. Emery Johnson, born 
Sept. 16, 1737, was a soldier of the Revolution. 

Saunders. 1-il 

8;irali Ciill. wilV' «if Daniel iSuuiidoi's, Jr., was (lau<^litt'r of 
John Plii])j)in (iill. J(»liii (iill was a nieinber of the Provincial 
Congress, and a most iinjxirtant man during the revolution. 
John Gill and Moses Gill, hoth ancestors of the Provincial 
Congress, were con.-^j»i('ii(ms for their active support and sub- 
stantial assistance during the trouhlesoine times. The family 
of Gills or (iylls, as projierly written, were descended from 
"William Gyll, a wealthy merchant of London, whose daughter 
was wife to Thomas Saunders, Es*^., of E.I. C, and whose son, 
John, was associated with John^ Sanders and Simon Bradstreet 
in the colonization of Salisbury, Mass. 


Daniel, I^hilip., Capt. John, Capt. John, Lieut. John, Capt. 
John), born July 6, 1785; died Feb. 22, 1844; married, Dec. 
28, 1811, Mary Adams. She was born March 21, 175il ; died 
May 5, 1871. 

TniciK Children. 

1. IIknky TrcKKit, h. Dt-c. 11, 1812 ; m. ; d. Oct. 8, 1864. 

2. .Mauv Adams, b. Oct. 4, 1815 ; in. William S. Clcveliind, Oct. 

30, 1845. 

3. Olivek HuiuiAKi), I). .July 14, 1822; in. ElizabL'Mi McKcy 

Apr. 30, 1857. 

4. CiiAra.Es lIouATio, b. Sept. 29, 1820: d. May 25, 1872; was 

married twice, had children Mary Adams Saunders and 
Susan Adams Saunders. 


MARY ADAMS SAUNDERS, {Capt. Jonathan, Capt. 
Daniely PhilijJ, Capt. John, John John, Capt. John), born 
Oct. 4, 1815; died Dec. 11, ISIM ; married William Sewell 
Cleveland Oct. 30, 1845. He was born Feb. 28, 1810 and 
died AugiLst 3, 1883. 

142 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Their Children. 

1. LrcY Hii.LKK, b. Sept. 14, 1846. 

2. M.vuY S.\UNDERs, b. Jan. 23. 1849. 

3. Twiu girls. Alice Hubbakd, b. Dec. 6, 1852; d. Jau. 11, 

1860. One child died at birth. 


Capt. Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, John John, Capt. John), 
born July 14, 1822 ; married Elizabeth McKey April 30, lb57. 

Their Children. 

1. M.VRY Elizabeth, b. Jau. 24. 1858 ; m. Joseph de Selva Aug. 

20. 1883. Their daughter, Alice, b. Aug. 21, 1884. 
Joseph de ISelva d. May 10. 1887. 

2. Sakah Alice, b. Feb. 15, 1864 ; ni. Frauk O. Whittier May 

7, 1890. Their childreu are Ruth, b. March 1891, 
Robert Bradstreet, b. April 27, 1895. 

3. Olivek Hubbakd, Jr., b. May 28, 1800; m. Grace Bartell 

Burt. Sept. 7, 1891, had dau. Helen Elizabeth, b. Feb. 
18, 1895. 

4. Thomas Williams, b. July 13, 1867. 

5. Charles Willis, b. Aug. 26, 1869. 

6. :Mai{tha Auams, b. March 20, 1871 ; ni. Johu Chester Lawrence 

June 19, 1891. 

7. Joseph He.nky. b, Aug. 4, 1872. 


Capt. Daniel, Pfnlip. Capt. John, John John, Capt. John), 
was a traveller and captain in the merchant service for many 
years. Mary Adams Saunders, child of his first marriage, is 
still living^ — a most charming and cultured woman. His second 
daughter, Susan Adams, by wife, Harriet Price, born March 
15, 1852 ; married Joyce, and is also living. Capt. Charles 
Saunders ; died May 25, 1874. 

Saunders. 143 


TUORNDIKE, ^Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip. CapU 
John, John, Capt. John,) born Salem, Mass., 1810, died March 
8, 1872 ; married April 6, 1835, Ahhy B. Ijarnaby, born Jnly 
8, 1812, daugiiter of Rev. James Barnaby, born in Freetown, 
Mass , June 25, 1787, died Dec. 10, 1877, married Aut,^ 13, 
1810, to Abigail Burt, n-ho was born in Berkley. Mass., Dec. 
24, 1786 ; died March 15, 1879. Abby Barnaby Saunders died 
March 17, 18i)5. 

Their Children. 

1. TiiORNDiKE, b. Dec. 16. 1835. 

2. Abbie M.. b. Dec. 26, 1837. 

8. Catherine Amanda, b. April 19, 1840. 

4. Adelaide Malvixa, b. Sept. 11, 1842 ; d. March 27, 1890. 

5. James Barnaby, b. Feb. 13, 1844. 
0. IIenuy Houart, b. Feb. 11, 1846. 

7. Ebkx Siiillabkh, b. July 10, 1849. 

8. Charlotte Augusta, b. Jan. 27, 1853. 


TUORNDIKE, [Thorndihe, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip), Capt. John, Cap>t. John. John, Capt. John.) born Dec. 
16, 1835 : married Emma Hall 1860. 


ADDIE M., {Thorndihe, Capt. Henry. Capt. Daniel, 
Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John, John. Capt. John.) born Sept. 
11, 1842. married James Kingsley Oct. 26, l'^63. 


1. Clara, b. July 1,1864, lu. to Sept. Griswold 1887 ; (liil.l, 

Pearl, born 1888. 

2. Frank, b. 1866. 

3. Frkdkric, 1). 1869. 

144 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Volo'/iy. 

4. Stklla, b. 1872, m. Coolidge, Nov., 1895. 

5. Fannii;, b. , d. . 

6. Katik, b, 1879. 

7. CiiAKLKs, b. 1882. 


ABIUE M., {ThormdiJce, Henry ^ Daniel., Philip., 

Capt. JoJin., ('apt. John., John. ('ap>t. Jo/in,) Ixji-n Dec. 26, 1837, 

married Robert E. Frazer Aug. o, 1803 ; resides in Detroit, 


Their Children. 

1. Carrie Wells, b. July 25, 1SG4 : m. Walter Prian Nov. 9, 


2. Frances Adelaide, b. Oct. 20, 1869. 

3. "William Robert, b. Nov. 21, 1871 : in. Miranda E. Hood 

Nov. 6, 1895. 


CATHERINE, {Thorndike, Capt. Henri/, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. Jolm,) bum 
April 10, 1840; married Josiah B. Ilobson Sept. 23, 1868. 

Their Children. 

1. KiTTiK, b. March, 1871. 

2. PiioEi-.i;, b. 1873 ; m. Roy (4ills Auo-., 1894 ; cliild Ha/.el, b. 

July, 1895. 


JAMES, {Thorndike, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. Johii), born Fel). 13, 
1844; married A<]a J. Pierce Sept. 2, 1867. 

Their Children. 

1. Georgia, b. Aug;. 1868 : ra. Ernest Van Klcek Oct. 1896. 

2. Lottie Belle, b. Jan. 1870 ; m. Frank Corr, 1893. 

Saunders. 145 

3. Ada, l>. ISTl. 

4. Kate. b. 1873. 

5. James, b. 1875. 

6. llAKiJY, b. 1877. 

7. Nona, b. 1879. 

8. Florence, b. 1882. 

9. ViRA, b. 1885. 


El^EX, {Thorndike^ Capt. Ilenry^ Capt. Daniel^ Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, CajJt. John), born July 10, 
1849 ; married Annie , 1873. 

Their Children. 

1. William, b. Nov. 19. 1874. 

2. EnwARD, b. Dec. 1876. 

3. Bert, b. . — , 1878. 

4. Mabel, b. . — , 1880. 


CHARLOTTE, {Thorndike, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Plnlip, Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John), born Jan, 
27, 1853; m. Thomas Pain, May, 1881. 

Their Children. 

1. Lilian Vera, b, 1882 ; d. May 6, 1889. 

2. MuRXEi-, b. 1893. 


CARIilE, {Ahhie, Thorndike, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip, CajA. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. e/o/m), born July 
25, 1864; married Walter Prian Nov. 0, 1802. 

Their Children. 

1. KoitKRT FUAZER 1*RIAN, b. AUJl,^ 12, 1894. 

2. Carolyn Rerecca, b. Aug. 25, 1895. 

3. Walter Soutiiall, b. Oct. 10, 1896. 

l-iG Founders of Massachusetts lUnj Colony. 


WILLIAM, {Ahhi(\ Thorndike, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Philij), Capt. John, Ca2>t. John, John, Capt. Jolni), born 
Nov. 21, LS71 ; married Miranda E. Hood Nov. 6, J 895. 

Their Child. 
1. Elinor Hood, b. Oct. 1, 1896. 


ELIZABETH, {Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, Capt. 
John, Capt. John, JoJin, Capd. John), born, Salem, Mass., 
Dec. If), 1802; married William Biirding December 22, 1823. 
He died Eel)rnarj 15, 1856, aged 65. He was the son of 
William Biirding of London, who arrived in Salem, al)out 1780. 

Their Children. 

1. William A., b. March 21, 1825 ; ni. Sally Palmer Jan. 2, 1844. 
2 Elizabeth S., b. May 2, 1828; d. March 17, 1853 ; m.— West, 
child, Lizzie. 

3. Abigail 8,, b. April 2. 1831 ; died 1851 ; m. John Ropes. 

4. Susanna S., b, Jan. 2, 1834 : m. John D. Kelly December 28, 


5. WiLLAUD Peele, b. March 21, 1835; m. 1st, Deen ; 2nd, 

Tete ; 3rd, Henderson. 

6. Kebkcca B., b. April 1, 1842; m. Samuel Larabee Sept. 13, 


7. Edward W., b. , 1845; m., Jan. 19, 1871, Kate 



REBECCA, {Elizaheth^Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
Cap)t. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John), born, Salem, 
Mass., April 1, 1842 ; married, Sept. 13, 1871, Samuel Larabee. 

Their Children. 

1. Mary Brooks, b. July 2, 1871. 

2. ALif'K Worcester, b. November 2, 1878. 

EiJZAMi.Tn S. Saundkus. 

/Saunders. 147 


WlLLAJiDJElisaleth, Caj't. Henry, Ca-pt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) born Salem, 
Mass.; niarried 1st, Mary Dean of Salem, Mass.; 2nd, Selina 
Tate of Richmond, Va.; -Trd, Mrs. Abby Henderson of Bev- 
erly, Mass. 

Children of Willakd P. Burding and Selina Tate, Born 

Salem, Mass. 

1. Florence Dean Bukuing, b. 1871. 

2. Willakd Augustus Burding, b. 1878-9. 

3. Agnes Burdlng, b. 1881. 


SUSANN A,(/:7«2a5eifA, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Cap>t. John, John, Capt. John,) born Salem, 
Mass.; married John Dustan Kelly, Dec. 28, 185G. 

Their Children. 

1. Susanna S., b. Oct. 15, 1860. 

2. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 25, 1867. 


PHILIP, iCapt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, 
Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) born Salem, Mass., June 23, 
1800; died Feb. 8, 1886; married Dec. 22, 1821, Eliza N. 
Joseph of Lowell, Mass. She died in Lowell, Mass., April 6, 
1834, aged 32 years. 

Their Childrkn. 

1. IIenky Francis, b. Nov. 16, 1822, DiUivcrs, Muss. 

2. CllAKLKS UlCILVRD PRnciiARD, b. Maicli 6, 1831, 

148 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


PHILIP, [Caj't. Henry. Capt. Daniel. Philips Capt. John, 
Capt. John, John, Capt. John), horn, Salem, Mass., June 23, 
1800 ; married, 2nd, Nany True, Dec. 25, 1835. She died 
Aug. 7, 1857. 

Their Children. 

1. Eliza Ann Saunder!*, b. Sept. 9, 1837. 

2. WiNTiiKur True, b. Sept. 9, 1837 : d. 1843. 

3. Sarau Sprague Sauxdeks, b. July 24. 1843. 


Henry Francis Saunders, sou of PhiHp Henry Saunders, 
and Eliza Joseph, horn. Dan vers, Mass., Nov. 16, 1822, hecame 
a resident of Kansas in Octoher 1854. At that time he with a 
party of ten others immigrated to Kansas, upon the passage of 
the Kansas-Nebraska bill. On reachino: Kansas City, this small 
party purchased a wagon, and two yoke of oxen, loaded it with 
tiour, bacon and other provisions, and walking and riding 
alternately, they made the journey to Lawrence ; arriving on 
the prairie, v/here now stands this historic city, just in time to 
take a hand in the first conflict between the free state and pro- 
slavery parties. Their timely arrival, October 4, 1854, added 
ten more to the little band, which then inaugurated that resist- 
ance to the tyranin- of slavery, which culminated in its 

Henry F. Saunders resided upon his original claim, which 
was where is now Siblyville Station, on the Southern Kansas 
railroad. During the first winter the party lived in a common 
log cabin together, and this cabin became the headquarters of 
the free state men of that section. The pro-slavery men had 
already banded together, and were more formidable as to num- 
bers, and this neighborhood was the scene of several conflicts. 
Henry F. Saunders was elected captain of the non-slavery force 
and participated in the battles of Franklin, Blackjack, Bull 

ISaanders. 149 

OrcL'k, lA'coiiiptiiii, aiitl nearly ;ill of the free state eiii^ai^eiiiLMits. 
llu was appoiiitetl l)y (ieii. Lane as coiniuissary and IxM-anie 
a leadin<^ spirit in the (•i'usa<le for free institutions. He was 
elected a niend)cr of the first legislature of Kansas, 1801. At 
tiiis time his husiness interests of the iirin of his uncle's, Saun- 
ders l>ro. of ('hica>4ti, occu[)ii'd so much of his time that he 
declined puhjie life. In 1875 he hecanie a partner in the hoot 
and shoe manufactory at Webstei', Mass., as also at Kaiulolf, 
Mass. He I'etired from business about 1S'.>0, and now resides 
upon his large farm at Lawrence, Kansas. 


HENKY FIIANCIS, {Philip, dipt. /lennj, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip, Capt. John, Capt. Jolm, John, Capt. Jo/m), l)orn 
Danvers, now Salem, Mass., Nov. KI, lS2'i; married, at Salem, 
Mass., October 7, 1840, Martha Elizabeth Morse, boiai 
Metheum, Mass., Nov. 25, 1827. 

TiiKiK Cnir.DiJKN. 

1. Helen Au(iusta, b. .January ;50, 1848, Salem, Mass. 

2. Anna Boudman, I). April 20, 1850, Saluin, .Mass. 

3. Lucy Alice, b. May VS, 18.')2, Salem Mass. ; d. Sept. :), 185'), 


4. IIenuy Wahukn, 1). .luiic 4, 1858, Salem, Mass. 

5. Fk.vnk MoiisK, b. Ducomber 9, 185(5, Lawniiice, Kansas. 
G. John CiiAithEs, b. October 2. 1851), Lawrence, Kan,sas. 

7. Ehkn . b. March 22, 1862, Lavvrenee, Kansas. 

8. WiiaaAM Edwaku, I). Nov. 3, 1804, Lawrence, Kansas. ; d. 

Oct. 7, 1805. 

iJ. KoiiKUT Sini,i,Ai!Ei{, b. August 25, LSOfi, Lawrence, ivaiisas. 
10. Eva , b. November 12, 1870, Lawrence, Ivaiisas. 


MOWVAIT ,{Ca2>t. Henry, Philip, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Cajtt. John,) boin Law- 
rence, Kansas, Aui^. 25, ISOC ; nuirried May 1!>, 18U7, Mrs. 
Emma -L Gathers of Lawi'cnce, Ivaiisas. 

150 Foaii,<ltirf< of Maatsachu.scU.s JJmj Colonij. 


EKANK MORSE. [C<ii>i. How;/ Fmixus. PIiilijK Caj^t. 
Ileiu'ij, ("apf. hiinii'L Phil'ij', C<ij>t. ■folm. ('<ij)t. .JnJm. Jahii, 
Capf. Jo/ui). horn, Lawrence, Kansas, 1 )ccc;nil)cr 1), l:s5(i, mar- 
ried All--, i;;, 1.SS4, Ada B. Ed-ell. 

TllElK (hlll.UKK.X. 

1. Alii, INK Eliz.vbetii, 1). June 1, isisr), Kansas 

2. Caukik AdNKS, 1). Fl'1). lU, INST, Kansas. 

o. Ror.KUT Siiii.L-MJKK. li. May 27, l.sjsit, Kansas. 
4. W \i;nKN MdHsi:, 1). .Tunc 27, ISDl, 
T). EdN-V M.\k, I). August 11, INiri, Kansas 


EBEN, (C<U>t. Ihiinj Francis, PJ,Uii>. C<(j>f. 11,'nnj, Capf. 

Ddiiicl. Philip. Pitpt. John, Piipt. John, John, Capt. -/ohn,) 

horn, Lawcrnce, Mareli l!2, iSC.i>. niaiiied Pauline Ahi-ani/, 

April 23, ISKC. 

Theik ('una I. 

1. Hi'.NUV Fi;an( IS, b. >SL'pl. \(>, 1SU4, Kansas. 


CHARLES, (/V///7>, r.7>/. IPnr//, Paj>/. I>,inirP Philip, 
Capt.Jolin, ('iij>t. John, Joh)i, (\ipl . Joh n),\H)V\\ Danvers, now 
Salem, Mass., March ('>, IS.;], married, 1st, Mareli 23, isr)2, 
Harriet C. Parrott, horn July ;•, ls;-;i. <lied May 10, 1S75. 
Marriiid, 2d, Eeh. 17, 1 SSI, Melinda A. doiies. widow of Henry 
E. Jones. Melinda. A. Saunders dieil Se})!. o, 181)0; no issue 
hy this luarriao-e. (Children hy (,-liarU's and Harriet C. Parrott, 
daui,diter of Lsiah 11. Parrott and Harriet (iranu'ei'of Lynn, 
Mass., married Marcdi 23, L->r)2. 


1. Samuioi, L., I), -hnie U, ISO:;; m. iMinnu li. Hayes Ahiich 4, 
• 1870. 

Sa}intle7\s. 151 

2. Sam. IK E.. li. Aiiii'. 24. lS.")(i : m l''i;uiii> A. S.ivorv .Iiiiic 'Jl, 


:{. IIkn-ky F.,Ii. Manli 11, is.-,s ; m. Kilic (',. Mmiy M:iy 11, issi. 

4. C'li.vui.Ks A., 1). .June 23, 1862; iii. Nellie A. Coldwcll Oct, 


5. .M.urriiAT.. h. ()c(. Ml, 186S ; m, l.viiian D.iimlicrt v Aim. 11, 



SAUAll. (Philip, Ciij't. Henry, Caj>l. Daniel, Philip, 
Cnpd. Jnh)i. ('apt. Jolni. John. ('aj>t. John), l)orn Salem,, July 24, 1S4:); riiarriud. .Iuik- 25. l>^f')7. David Siiiirli. 
Chief Engineer Unire<l States Navv. David Smith was hoi'n 
at I>riehen, Scotland. Deeemher \'A, ls;34; son of John Smith 
and ]\rary Low. who settled in Andover, Mass,. 1840. Capt. 
David Smith was educated at Philips Academy, and a student 
iif IIaivar<l (^jllege ; graduating second in class of the Scientific 
school of that institution, 1858. He entered U. S. Navy in 
1859, Xn. 1. (if his class through competitive examination. 
Capt. David Smitli was on active duty duiing the civil war, 
being at hombardnient of Fort Sumpter and other imi)ortant 
positions. lie was. according to law, placed on th(> retire<l list 
Dec. 13. 18UH, after .37 years of most active and j)rominent 
.service. At ])reseut Ca[)tain David Smith is president of the 
Society of Naval Engineers, a member of Philoso])hical Society 
of Washington, and member of the *' Loyal Legi(»n,"' State of 

TUKIK (ynil.DKKN. 

1. WiNTiiiiDi- Ci.ii-i-oKi) Smith, 1). June 26, 1870, d .Inly 7, 1870. 

2 Ai, I.A.N LdWK Smiiii. b. Aug. 6, 1872, d. .l;in Ki, 1S7;1 

;}. y\\\\i S.MiTii, 1). Feb. 9, 1874. 

4. EsTirr:i! IJvkks S.mftii, 1). Marcli 25, 1882. 

."). .Maimi; Lowi; Smith, b. ()ctol)cr Id, 1884. 


E \)\\ AIM) W A II HE X, ( ('apt. Ilmry, Ca.j>t. Daniel, Philip, 
('apt. John. ('aj>f. Jolin, J(>h,n. Caj>t. /ohn,) born Salem, Mass., 

152 Founders of IfassachusetU Bay Colo'/iy. 

Jiiuo 21, 1.S14; mariicd Ucl)cc('ii Hrooks, ;i ^riuid-iiiece ot (tov- 

enior JJrooks of Massachusetts, April 11, 183G. Resided in 

Melrose, Mass. 

Their Childrkn. 

1. AiicrsT.v Ukooks, 1). Sept. 24, 1838. 

2. Ki-.KN Siur,i,AiiKK, 1). April 27, 1S4(I ; d. Nov. 22, 1860. 

3. .li;r,i.\ \\., 1). Nov. 9, 1843 ; d. May 14, 1877. 

4. Er,T,.\ IvRrsECCA, 1). Jan. 29, 1852 ; m. William A. Payson, b. 

July 10, 1883. 

5. EnwAun M., 1). 1855. 


ELLA, (Edward, <'<ij>t. Ihurij, C(ij>f. Daniel, Philip, C(ij>t. 
John, Copt. John, John, 0<ij>t. Jo/m,) horn Jan. 29, 1852 ; 
married WilHani A. Payson, -Inly 10, 1883. 

TlIEIK (!!)ITr,DlM<;N. 

1. Wrr.LTAM Edward Payson, h. July 10, 1884. 

2. T;Ksi.iK (JoNSTANTFA Paysok, 1). Dec. 25, 18S5, (horn with a 



SARAH WILLARI), (C.7)^. Ilennj^Cnpt. Ihmiel, J'h!nj>, 
C(ij>t. John, ('o/)t. JiiJrn, John, <><i]}i. John), horn, Saloni, 
Mass., June .'!, ITiHi; married WilHain I)nrdinir 1814. 

Theik (-nil, due 


1. ITkm.'Y, 1). Sept. 18, 1S15, d. June 30, 1858, ag. 41 y. Oni. 12(1. 

2. Saijaii. 

Mr. AVillam Bnrdini!^ Avas an EnoHshman hA^ l)irth, — "He 
was a resident of Danvers, now Salem, Mass; was a highly 
respected citizen, and l)y his honest and nohle character he 
drew around him a large circle of friends and acquaintances. — 
{Salem Gazette, HVy/. FJ). 15, 185G.) 

Saunders. 153 


MARVPAI.MKli lUaiDING, {Elizabeth, Capt. Henry, 
Capt. Daniels JPhilip, Capt. J'ohn, Cajjt. John, John, Capt. 
John,) l)oni 1S4(»; luarried, ISdd, Josejili Carletoii of Salem, 
Mfiss. Mrs. ]\Iary P. Carleton died same year. 


EBEN, {C(q>t. Henry, Capt. Daniel, rhiiip, (Japt. John, 
Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) boi-n Salem, Mass., Nov. 4, 
1S(»T; married Margaret Ferguson Sept. — , 1829. 

Their Cmildrkn. 

1. Sakaii Sim,i,Ai!i:jj, in. .Toscphus Aslil)y ; oliild I)oll3^ 

2. Mkucy L , m Francis W. Randcll of Salem, Muss. 

3. Mahgarkt, m. Feb. 4, 1855, AVallis Tliomas. 

4. F. 

."i. Hannah Bott. hi. Ilcnr}- May of Boston ; child ilonry. 


MARGARET, (A7>^w, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, Jo/in, Capt. John), horn Salem, Mass., 
; married, Feb. 4, 1855, Wallis Thomas. 

TiiiciR Cinr>i)KKN. 

1. AiniM i;, 1) Sept. S, 185(5, d. young. 

2. Annik F., 1). 8cpl. 28, 1857, m. Waller 8. Hicks of Brooklyn, 

N Y.. August 21, 1876. She died July 23, 180G. 


ANNIE, {Margaret, Khen. Capt. Henry, Cajtt- Daniel, 
Pliilip, Caj>l. John,, Caj'f. John, John, Capt. John), horn 

154 Founders of MaHsacliasetU Bitij Colony. 

Salem, Mass.; inarrird, .A iii^nist 21, 1^70, Walter S. Hicks 
New York, i'(>si(Ii; IJrdoklyii, New \'()rk. 

TUKIK ( 'llll.DKKN. 

1. Etiiki. F , li. June 1877. 

2. Okokck a.. I). Dec ii, 18,s0 


MEIICY, {Khiti, (''Iff. llrurij, C<ij>t. DiDiiel, riulij'. Cupt. 
John., ('(ipf. ■/(i/in, .hihii. <\tj>t. '/(i/in), l)()ni, Salem, Mass., 
Nov., ls;)4 ; maiiicd FiMiicis W. Uaiidall, iSC)."), uf Salem, Mass. 
Reside New ^'ork. No issue. 


HANNAH, (7t'/>w, C<(j>f. flenr>j, dpt. Daniel Philq'- 
Capt. John, Capt. J(ihn,Joh)i, Vapt. -/o////,) horn Salem, Mass., 
1838-9; married 1SG5, Henry May <>f r.ostoii, Mass. 

Henry, b. 1807, Bostou, Muss, licsidcs New York. 


RORERT, {('apt. Henry, Caj>l. PanJJ, I'hilij>, Caj>f.J<ihn, 
Capt. John, John, Capt. John.) horn, Salem, Mass., Feb. 23, 
1805, married Loisa (/iirtis, Jan. 27, 1831. 

1. A.Miaiosi.: Stacy. 

2. Maky Loisa. 
8. Geokck. 

4. Wii.ia.vM. 


AMBROSE, {nohert. Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. Jo}in,)\^(m\, Salem, Mass., 
married Mary Roswell, had sons Georj^c and Rohert. 


Samuhm. 155 

NINTH (;f.xi:i;ati()N. 

WILLIAM SlIILLAl'-Kli, {Caj>t. llenrij, Capt. Ihnnel. 
Philij), ('(ij>t. John^ ('apt. Jolui^ Jofin, (*aj>t. Johii)^ Ixnii 
W-Aw\\ W ISIO, Siilein, Mass.; diedJau. 18, 1SS5, Racine, Wis.; 
married Sept. 25, 1830, Sarali Davis, <];ui<rliter of Elepluis Davis 
of Marlboro, Mass., and wife, Hannah Sawyer (Davis) in Lynn, 
Mass. William Sliillaber Saunders was a merchant for many 
years at Ann Arbor, Mich., as also at Ciiicago, Ills, lie died in 
Kenosha, Wis., July 28, ISSU. Sarah, his wife, died in Ilacine, 
Wis., Jan. IS, 1885. 

Thkik Children. 

1. William IIknky, b. 1837 ; d. 18:58. 

2. William IIknky, 1). Nov. 14, 1840. 

8. EhENEZEK SlIILLALKU, 1) ^I;ii. 28, V6\',\. 

4. Cakoline Adelaide, b. .June 14, 1848. 

5, Sakaii Frances, b. il;iy 12, 1853. 

(5. RoswELL Douulass, b. Oct. 30, 1855 : d. Nov. 13, 1855. 
7. Florence Isauelle, b. .luiic '.'A), 1857. 


WILLIAM HENRY, ( William, Copt. ITenry, Capt. Dan- 
iel, Philip), Cap>t. John, (\ij)t. John, JoJin, Capt. John), born 
at Philadelphia, Nov. 14, 1S4(), married -lune 20, 1804, Eliza- 
beth Mott of Ann Arbor, Mich. Children, William, born 
July 1871, died Dec. 1871 ; Mary E., born Sept. 1874. 

Second wife, married Harriet E. Lusk, nee Walter, Oct. 29, 
1877, at Kenosha, Wis. Dr. William Saunders is a graduate 
of Ami Arbor LTniversity, and a physician of great ability. 


EBENEZKR SlilLLABER, ( Willlain, Capt. Henry, (apt. 
Daniel, Philip), Capt. John, Capt. John John, Capt. John),honi 

150 Foaiulerti of Massachusetts JJay Colony. 

ill l*liil;uk'li)liiii, March 2S, ISlIj ; married, Aug. S, 18C-4-, 
■lulia A. Joiicy of Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Theik Childken. 

1. Sakah May, b. Feb. 28, 1806 ; m. George Wriglit, 1«81. 

2. Elizabeth M., b. Dec. 18. 18G7 ; d. Sei)t. 11, 1869. 

3. CiiAKLEs Wesley, b. Jan. 9, 1870 ; d. Feb. 1, 1880. 

4. (lAKiE M., b, June (i, 1S72. 

Second wife, married OHve S. White August 11, J88(!, 
(lauiihter of -lohii A, and Candace White, ('hihj, Ebeiiezer 
J., i)orn dune 11, ISiM); died August S, 18!)1. 


CAROLINE iVV>ELMl)\\{WUUam,Capt. Henry, Capt. 
Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John, John, CajA. JoJin), 
liorii Ann Arbor, Mich., June 14, lS-18; married at Lawrence? 
Kansas, Joseph Very Quarles of Kenosha, Wis., Sept. 25, 1808. 

Their Childken. 

1. William Ciiaules, b. Jan. 3, 1870, at. Keniwlia, Wis. 

2. Joseph IIenky, b. Sept. 8, 1874, at Kenosha, Wis. 

3. Edwaki) Lewis, b. Dec. 17, 187<5, at Keiioslia, Wis. 

Mr. J. V. (Quarles is one of the leading lawyers of Wisconsin. 
lie was l)oi'n at Southport, now Kenosha, 1843, received his 
preliminary education in the public schools. During the war 
he enlisted in the 31t Wis. Vol. Inf. and was commissioned lieu- 
tenant. He graduated in law from the Michigan university, 
1800, and in 1808 was admitted to the bar at Kenosha where he 
commenced practice of law. He was district attorney for six 
years, mayor of the city 1870, declining a re-nomination, was 
president of the board of education 1877, and member of the 
assembly 1878. In 1880 and 1881 was tnember of the state 
senate, and for a number of years has been republican delegate 
to state conventions. Mr. (.^uarli^s has no political ainl)iti<»n 
however, and prefers his ]irofession to all other positions in 
life. His son William is a rising young lawyer of great 

Saunders. 157 


SARAH F11AN0E8, William, Capt. Henry, Capt. Da7iiel, 
Philip, Capt, Julin, Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) Ixjrn 
M;iy 12, 1853, in Ann Arbor, Mich.; ni.irried Dec. 19, 1872, 
John Eraser, wlio was born March 22, 1827, at (^rowarty, Scot- 
hmtl, died Jnne 4, 1878, in Pittsburg, Pa. 

Sarah Frances married 2nd, Dec. 2, 1802, Dr. Walter Kcnip- 
ster, born May 25, 1841, Lon(h)n, England. 

Professor John Eraser, graduated at Aberdeen and Edin- 
borough universities, Scotland, was a professor at Bermuda, also 
at Jefferson college. Pa. September 1802, he was commissioned 
Lieut. Col. 140 Penn. Vol.; commissioned Colonel July 4, 1863, 
ih-evet. Brig. Gen. March 13, 1SG5, mustered out at close of 
the war 1865, was wounded at Battle of Wilderness and Spott- 
sylvania, prisoner at Petersburg, Va., July 1SG4. In 1868, 
accepted Chancellorship of Kansas State university, which 
position he resigned 1875, bei)ig elected state superintendent 
of public instruction. In 1877 acce[)ted position of professor 
of mental and moral })hilosophy and international law. 

Dr. Walter Kempster is a physician and surgeon of inter- 
national fame. IJe was born at London, England, received his 
medical education at Brooklyn, N. Y. April 25, 1861, he en- 
listed in 12th JN\ Y. Infantry for three months, re-enlisted 
Noveud)er 1861 in lUtli N. Y. cavalrj', commissioned lieuten- 
ant June 9, 1863, and served as assistant surgeon until close of 
war July 1865. From 1867 to 1873 he was assistant physician 
N. Y. state lunatic asylum, when he was ai)pointed superin- 
tendent of Northern Hospital for Insane, Winnel)ago, Wis., 
He was special commissioner for United States government 
al)road from 1891 to 1893; his investigation and reports gave 
him a national prominence. At present Dr. Kempster is health 
commissioner for the city of Wilwaukee, Wisconsin. 

158 Founder t:^ of MaH^UjcliUactU Bay (Jolouij. 

- 140 Boston Street, ) 
Salem, Mass., Nov. 3, 'Od. f 

Mks. David Smith, Wasliiugton D. C 

Dear Madam, : — 1 am this day shipping yon by Am. 
Ex. a box of apples from off tlie tree that your dear father's 
liand did place it in this "spot", as I learn, some seventy-live 
years ago, and you have seen for yourself this summer, it is 
hale and hearty and well groomed ; its yield this season was 
twenty-two bhls You will notice they run small, if they were 
larger you would have them just the same. Was very sorry 
I did not have the pleasure of meeting you when you were in 
Salem. I feel that it W(.iuld have l)een a real treat to meet one 
that evidently retains the sentiment of the old song, ''How 
Dear to my Heart are the Scenes of my Childhood."' Hoping 
you will accept the box in the s))irit in which it is sent, and 
that you had a pleasant vacation in your native Salem, 

I am very Kesp. 

M. Kelly. 





Crest ok thk Pick.mans AS(iiri;i;i) ki Bkn.iamix Pickman, 

Ks(^, OK SaLKM, in NkW EN'(iI,ANI) IN Till-: 

"Gules, two battle axes in saltire gold, between 
two martlets, argent, 172;J." 

Nathaniel Pickman, the first ancestor of this family, prob- 
ably came to Salem in lf)89. It is said that the Pickmans 
first came from Bristol, England, wlicre Hannah, Nathaniel 
Jr. and Benjamin were said to have been born. The Pi(;k- 
mans at once established a social and financial position in 
the colony, and for generations were acknowledged to be the 
leading men in enterprise in that section. The Pickman 
mansion, built by a grandson of Nathaniel, still stands, and is a 
fine representation of the few large and spacious houses of those 
early times. 

lf)39-6in.-8d. is recorded the first (j^rant of land to Nathaniel 
Pickman, viz : " A proportion of land, neere about twenty 
acres, lying next unto the Widow Dike's land on the south side 
of the Forest River." This grant is a i)ortion of the Forest 
River farm which came by iidieritance to John Sanders and 
Hannah Pickman. It is supposed that Natiianiel Pickman huilt 

lf)0 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

a farm house about the year 1(547, for at tliat date " at a meet- 
iuii' of ye seveu men, boards were lent out to several men, 
ainoniy them, ])oards to JNathaniel Pickman,'' for which he jxiys 
a rental of <Is. «>[). Possibly these boai'ds may have been to 
fence in the land, as all land was particularly I'equired to be 
fenced in. 

ir)57-2in.-23d., at a meetina; of the selectmen, we find the 
following record : " Samnell Archaad and Natlianeell Pickman 
have undertaken betwix this and the next Court to make the 
stackes sufficientlie and to sett up the wuipping post, and to be 
paid by Mr. Corwin when the work is done." (The whippin<i^ 
post seems to have beeti a favorite mode of punishment for the 
most minor olfenccs.) 

1(>59 the town agrees " to summer three cows for Nathaniel 
Pickman at 4s. Gp. per head until the 2()th October, to be payd 
in butter and wheat and Indian corne, as in former years." 

1658-9in.-21d., at a general town meeting, Nathaniel Pick- 
man chosen juryman. 

irioT-S, Nathaniel Pickman is a deputy to the General 

Nathaniel l^ickman extended his entei'prises to the Island of 
])arba<los, where he had interests and where his son died, 1080. 

Nathaniel Pickman died previous to 10S4, for his will, dated 
Sept., 1084, was probated same year. In it he leaves certain 
lands to his daughter, Hannah, the wife of John Sanders, and he 
appoints John Sanders administrator. The subse(pient division 
of the estate by arbitration is fidly given in the third genera- 
tion of the Sanders line. Among the children of Nathaniel 
Pickman we have : 

Nathaniel Jr. 

Hannah, boi-n 1042. wife of John Sanders. 

Bkn.iamin, boi-n 1()4.5. 

Mary, wife of Mr. Hodges. 

A daughter, the wdfe of Zebulon Hill Jr. 

A daughter, the wife of Alexander Coles. 

A daiujJder, the wife of Edward Feversham. 

Pichman. Ifll 

From the- reconU, V>\\\ llnll, S;ilciii. we extract the t'ullowiiiy; : 
Nathaniel Pickiiuui Jr., his daui;hter, Ta])itha, borne by 

Parina, his wife, tiie first week of Dm., KJTO, deceased 3 mo. 


2. Ih(injht,r, T.\i;i:iiiA, 1). 4tli <1, i)m. 1671. 

3. Elizabeth, h. tlie 25 Dec. 1673. 

4. I^ii, Nathaniel, b. 13(1. 3m. 1676. 

Ben.iamin Pk'Kma.n, born Bristol, England, 1045; 1067, 
married Elizabeth Hardy, daughter of Capt. Josejjh Hardy, by 
whom he had the following children : 

1. Joseph, b. Sept. 1668 ; d. at sea 1704, ag. 35 yrs. 

2. Benjamin, b. Jan. 28, 1673 ; d. 1719, ag. 46 yrs. 

3. Susanna, b. Fcbr'y 3, 1674 ; m. John Neal. 

4. Maktha, b. June 3, 1677 ; m. Edmund Batten ; d. 1713. 

5. John, b. Sept. 12, 1679 ; d. at Barbodos 1704, ag. 25. 

6. Joshua, b. June 9, 1684 ; d. 1704, ag. 20 yrs. 

7. Nicholas, b. Aug. 18, 1688 ; m. Mrs. Ricliard I'ikc ; d. Mar. 

5, 1777, ag. 89. 
Jienjamin Pickman senior died Dec. 170S, ag. 04. 
Elizabeth, ins wife, died 1727, ag. 77 yrs. 

Cai'T. J'en.iamin Pickman, i)orn Jan. 28, 1073 ; mariied 
Abiirail Lindall in 17<i4, by whom ho had the followinii" 
children : 

1. Aihoail, 1). Feb. 9, 1705 ; m., 1725, Mr. Nath'l Ropes. 

2. Ben.jamin, b. Boston, 28 Jan. 1708. 

3. William, b. Boston, Oct. 1, 1710; d. a1 iJarhodos, 1735, ag. 

25 yrs. 

4. Samuel, b. Jan. 19, 1711-12 ; d. in W. 1., 1772, ag. 62 yrs. 

5. Elizabeth, b. Jan 22, 1713 ; m. John Nutting ; d. 1785. 

6. Caleb, b. June 16, 1715 ; was killed by ligiitning June 1734. 

7. liACHEL, b. July 25, 1717 ; m. Ebene/.er Ward ; d. 17W9. 

8. Sarah, b. Dec. 1, 1718 ; m. Capt. Geo. Curwen. 

Of the above, Penjamin Pickman, born 17'*^ ; married Love 
Itawlins of lioston, October, 1731. Their children : 

1G2 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

1. Love, ihnighte/' of lien] . and Love Pickmiui, in. Peter Frye. 

2. Ar.iCAii,, 1). 1733 ; m. William P]pes of Virginia. 

3. Judith, b. Jan. 24, 1738 ; ni. Edw. Holyoke England. 

4. Benj.\min, b. Nov. 7, 1740. 

5. Clark, b. July 30, 1746 ; m. Sarah, daughter of Mr. Timothy 

0. William, b. Mar. 12, 1748; m. Mary Leavett, whose son, 
Dudley Leavett Pickman, b. 1779 ; m. Catherine Saunders 
Sept. 6, 1816 ; d. Nov. 7, 1846. 

Williatii, above mentioned, married Elizabeth Leavett. 
Benjamin, born 170S ; died Aui,r 20, 1773, no-. 05 
Love, liis wife, died June 9, 1788, ag. 77. 

Ben.iamin Bickmax, l)orn Nov. 1740; married, April 22, 
17G2, Mary, daii. of Dr. Toppan, by whom he had 

1. Ben.iamin, b. Sept. 30, 1763. 

2. Mary, b. Sept. 29, 1765 ; m. Isaac Osgood, E.s<i. 

3. Thomas, b. May 10. 1773. 

4. William, b. June 25, 1774. 

William Dudley Pickman, born Jan. 0, 1810, son of 
Dudley an<l Catherine Saunders Pickman, was a man of iiioh 
interests and great influence. He married, Jan 12, 1849, Caro- 
line Silsbee, daughter of Zachariah and Mary P>. Silsbee. lie 
died Feb. 18, 1890. Lineal descendants of John"^ Saunders 
and Hannah Pickman are lineal descendants of the " Nathaniel 
Pickman " line. 







IIenky Elkins of Eii<flanJ, arrived in Boston in 1034, was 
nuitle freeman May 6, 1635. His child Mary was horn at Bos- 
tun and was haptized April S, 1038. He early entered into 
the reliij;ions controversies of the day, and in Noveud)er 1038, 
he was detained as one of the majority of the church wiio sup- 
ported Wheelwright, who had been vicar of Belshy, Lincon- 
shire, Eng., in consetjuence of which, he removed to Hampton 
November 19, 1668. The will dated April 27, 1007, mentions 
children Gresham, Henry and Eliesur. 


Henky Elkins of Hampton, son of Henry of BosttJU, mar- 
ried Esther, daughter of Major Iliohard Waldron, he died 
early ; she then married Abraham Lee, who was killed by the 
Indians, 27 June, 1689 at the house of his wife's father. His 
wife Esther was also taken into distant captivity, but was after- 
ward restored. Esther Elkins Lee afterward mairied Richard 
Jose, sheriff of the province, from this latter marriage des- 
cended Eliza N. Jose or Joseph, as now written, who in 1821 
became the wife of Pliili]i Henry Saunders of Salem, Mass. 


Henry Elkins, {Henry, Ihnry^ was killed by the Indians, 
17 September, 1707, near Kinsington. 

164: Fov riders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


Thomas, {Henry,) born 1640, was for a time iiiarsliall of 
the Gorges province and in 100''> he was at Scarl)Oi'ongh 


Thomas {Ilenry, Henry ^ was married to ISarah and 

had son Thomas wlio l)ecanie a sea captain, who married 
Ehzahetli White and had the foUowing chikh'en baptised at 
First Cbuich, Salem, Mass. 


1. Sahaii of Thomas Elkins, bap. March 7, 170i3. 

2. UoiJEKT of Thomas Elkins, bap. December 29, 1704. 
8. John of Thomas Elkins, baji. November 10, 1706. 

4. Mary of Thomas Elkins, bap. April 20, 1710. 

T). TiioM.'^.R of Thomas Elkins, bap. October 17, 1712. 

6. Henky of Thomas Elkins, bap. November 11, 1716. 

7. Jean of Thomas and Elizabeth Elkins, bap. April 24, 1717. 

8. Hannah of Thomas Elkins and Elizabeth, bap. April 10, 171t). 


Mary Elkins, daughter of Captain Thomas Elkins, ])aptised 
First Church, Salem, Mass., April 20, 1710, married Philip 
Sanders of Salem, Mass., September 9, 1729, from whom des- 
cended the lineal Saunders branch herein inscribed. Descen- 
dants of this line are also descendants of the Rickman, Thorn- 
dike, Proctor, Shillaber. Peele, Willard and Mason lines. 




TiiK Thorndikes of England. 

The John Thorndike Line. 

Lineal Descent. 


"Argent, six goiittes, three, two, one, on a chief of the last. 
Three Leopard's faces "or" add and correct " 

THE CREST : a damask rose : stalked aud leaved proper : 
Nestling at the bottom of the stalk a beetle. 

Motto, Jionea inter ftpiiyis miscunter. (Among thorns roses bloom.) 

Heraldic Journal 1-52. 

Sn- Bernard Burke. 

The General Armory of England 1883. 

The Rook of Family Crests 11-463. 


AVii.i.iAM TiioKNDiKK livt'il ill T-ittlc Carlctoii. Comity 
I^iiiculii, in loo'J. We iiiid liis <lcsfi'iui;uits iiiciitiuiicd in the 
Ilerahls Visitation of 1 0.'U from Comity of Lincoln. Jolin 
Thorndike came from (\)mity of I^incolii. Ho arrived in 
America, Muj?>. 

"From tlie woi'ks of IIerl)ei't Tlioi-ndikc, I'rohcndary of 
Westminster Al)l>ey, the research of J.oid Monson, Messrs. 
II. (t. Somerhy and (leorge C^nincy Thorndike, and orijj;iiial 
documents, the following acconnt has l)een prejiared : 

William Tiiohndike, tlie aiicestor of the Thoindike's of 
New Englaml. was Iiorn in the reign of Henry V'll (1-1-70?) 
He lived in tlie town of Little Carlton, County of Lincohi. 
married there and died \^lV,h 

Thecliildren of William Thorndike wei-e Ilerliert'-', William-, 
John, and three daughters. 

IlKKiiEKT TiioKNOiKK, eldest Soil of William, was loi'd of the 
manor of little Carlton, and hy his wife, .laiict 'I'horndikc, he 
had five sons. 

1. Nkiiolas. 

2. ]{!( iiAitn. 

o. IlKKiiEKT^. 

4. Jamkh. 

5. GEoiUiK, ;in(i also live daiighlcrs. 

IIerl)crt'-' TlioriHlik(! dietl in l.').")-!^, and his wife, daiiet, died 
in 1558. 

Nicholas, eldest son of llerlici't and rLiiiet Thorndike, 
married Frances Sonthcy, and had sons and daughters. He 
lived at (ireat Carlton, and afterwards at Cireenlield. He died 

IGG Fuanderis of MaamchuseiU llaij Colony. 

June 12, 151)(>. His sons, Francis and Herbert^ sii^ned the 
pedigree for the first visitation of Jlcralds lecorded in the 
family in tlie year IG^-t. 

Francis'*, eldest son of Nicliolas and Frances (Southy) 
Thorndike, was baptised January 0. 157(», at Great Carlton; 
married Alice, daughter of Edward Coleman of Wallin^field, 
County Snil'olk ; was Imried at Burwell, Jan 1, 1023. 

The chihh-en of Francis and Alice Tiiorndike were 

1. Fkancis5 

2. JoiiK'"' (the tiist of the Tliorndiko's in New England). 

3. IlEKiiEKT'''' (Prebendary of C'ollege at tJhurch of St.. Peter's 

Westminister Abby). 

4. P.\UL (who lived at Burwell and Seanil)lesliy, dying at the 

latter place in 1644). 

John"' TiioKNDiKE, second son of Francis and Alice (Coleman) 
Tlioiiidike, came to New England in 1033; mai-ried and had 
son Paul and six dauixhters. 

JoHN''' Tin)KN])iKE was one ot the twelve associates of John 
Winthro}), Jr., son of the Governor, at Ipswich, March lti33, 
and was a deleiii^ate to the court at l>oston, same date. 

"From records of "Grants" 28-<)ni.-ir)37, we find the 

"Granted, that Mr. John Thorndike shall have ISO instead 
of l(h» acres aji])roved hv the town." 

This o-rant of land was in the section of Beverly (formerly 
Salem) now called the cove. " A certain breadth by the sea 
at Patches Beach iind a good way back, as far as Beavers Pond." 

Jan. 25, lOSO. "Granted unto Mr. Francis Johnson 200 
acres of land at Brooksliy's Highway (now Peabody). Bounded 
by Mr. Thorndike's on the north side and the common on the 
other. The farm is on the north of the river of Brooksby 
about two miles from Salem, westerly. 

Mar. 2, 163(i. " Mr. Johnson and Mr. Thorndike relin(|uished 
their farms, but the town promised first accommodations for 

Anno l(').")(i. "Mr. John Thorndike, 100 acres next Mr. 

Thornd'ike. K'h 

. I line V.\ 1637. " Mr. .lulm Tliorndiko ls5 acres i)r()l);ilily 
extended hack from the shore at and hcyoiid II.>>|)it;d N'icw, 

Dec. 25. It;,')?. •" Mr. .lolm 'rhotiidike (H»iisented unto the 
i;-rant of same iiieadi)\v at l>ro()kshy, to E<hiiuiid Batten, it be- 
inn formerly <j:r:inted to liim." 

Nov. 2ft, 103(5. Granted to Mr. N'erin K) acres, which was 
t'onuerly Mr. Thorndike's. 

Aui;. 2S, 16.58. " dohn Thorndikc witnessed the will of Mr. 
William Woodhnry." 

.Inly 1, KJfiS. "John Thorndike, one of the appraisers of 
the estate of Ilobert Salles." 

^lav 15, 1605. ''John Thorndike one of the first persons 
chosen to make rates for Mr. Hale's maintenance. At the 
time the hretheren on Bass River side were employiiii;- a 
seperate teacher under permission granted Oct. 2, 1058, still 
holdinj; couiniunion with the Salem church." 

Nov. 11, 1007. " John Thorndike, again one of the assessors 
to make rate for Mr. Ilale." Also 

"John Thorndike appointed one of a committee to draw up 
a settlement to he considered hy the company, with reterence 
to a more comfortable setting." 

John Tlioimlike did not sign the application of Roger 
Conant and others to have a distinct chuich made June 23^ 
•rranted July 21, 1067, noi- was he one of tlie first church 

Sept. 20, 1607. " NoK WAS he ever a member." 

In the year 1008 JoiiN^ Thorndike returned to England on 
a visit to his brother Herbert^, then Prebendary of Westminster 
Abbey, and took with him two of his daughters, Martha and 
Alice. He died in London not lony after his arrival, and wan 
buried in Westminster Ahhey Cloister, Nov. 3, 166s. 

The two daw/hters remaine<l in England as memi)ers of their 
Uncle Herbert's^ household, until he tlied, when he provided 
for them in his will, on condition, however, '^ that they should 
neither return to New England, their birthplace, nor yet re- 

lt;s Founders of Jfassachusftf.'< Jhn/ Colony. 

miiliiliKj in EiiijlaniU s/kjuUI inarnj amj one ivho ivent to 
Massachuscits, nor to the new licenced eonventldeti colonies^ 

Ilei'hci't •'' Tlionulike, brother to John, our Americaii ances- 
tor, was one (tf the most profound iind <listin<;'uished scholars in 
Kn^land during his life, as his numerous works, not long since 
re-puhlished, testify. 

When ahout to return to England, our ancestor, John'' Thorn- 
dike, made liis will ; a copy is here inscril^ed, taken from the 
Essex County Court House Papers, NOl. xxii, p. 1<>2. 

"Clerk's ofHce, 4m., 1»!71, i-ecorded, will of 

(I) .Toliii 'Hinrndikc being by God's mercy purposed to goe this 
year to England doe by these presents eonstitutc and ordain this 
to be my last wish and testament. 

" Imprimis, in regard to my eldest daughter. Anne Thorndike, 
hatli bene for .these many years, soe mucli <jver come wilii 
choly, and is grown so deeply dist(!mpered thcreljy, that, her lui- 
(lerstanding is nuich besotted, and stupepied, that without (}od"s 
great mercy and extraordinary means seems hopeless, ever to act 
in the world to (lod's Honor, and her own comfort. I give the 
livelyhood as also extending my estate upon which I now live, 
unto my son Paul Thorndike, after my death ; doe give unto my 
Sonne, and Ix'cjueath unto him, lu}' house and land, meadow and 
farme, (orchard and all the appertenances, belonging unto the 
same, as also the meadow I bought of John Leach, lying b3' 
Western Pond, in consideration that he take upon him tiie cliarge, 
maintenance, and tuition, of this my aforesaid daugiiter Anne 
Thorndike. as also to use means for her recovery, but aft<'r her 
death, to become his own, and to his heirs forever. 2nd. If I, 
the said John 'I'iiorndike, the Lord sliould be pleased to continue 
my life, and 1 should think tit- to return unto this country again, 
I doe give unto m^- sonne Paid Thorndike ;!() akers of land com- 
moidy called Sawyers Plains, and the meadow, as also the 
meadow at Topstield ; also thirty pounds to be taken out of my 
housi'liold slulT'e, stock of cattle, besides all the increase of the 
cattle, implements of the land, that lit; shall raise in my absence 
to him and his heii's forev(!r. I doe give and bequeath unto my 
daughter, Mary Tiiorndike, to be payed her before my departure, 
fifty pounds, in in.iiuier and form following, best 3 cows and one 
heifer, goeing three years old, one payr of oxen, one horse, one 
mayr, one feather bed and bolster, one chirk rugge and pair of 
blankets, and what shall remain wanting of the aforesaid some of 

Thorn J ike. IGO 

€50, to l)c iniiilf ii]) in liouscliold stuiTc or ntlicrwisc according: to 
coiisidrralion aud order liikcii tlioniii. 

4tli. Wlicrnis it dm- extend my two yomif^cst daun'liters, Alico; 
and Martha 'riiorndil<e, sluiil !i(cnni|iaiiy nic unto lunula iid, and 
it' that (!od's providence slioidd soc order liiat liiey donotcMijoy 
their health tliere, or l)y otiier casauity or distress doe tliinlv lit to 
return into this country a.ii:en, I doe fjive and l)e(|uealh unto my 
said two dautjhters all my land Ij'ing and ad joininy- witii tlie said 
pond, heiiif;^ according tiiito computation, 100 akers, as also if my- 
self die and depart this life, tlien 1 doe engage' their ])rother, Paul 
Thorndike, to pay unto s;dd two sisters twenty pounds, hesidi^s 
the said land in common, and cattle, aecording to the value of the 
ocmntry prized here, within one year after tlieyre arrival here, hut 
if one of my said daughters should return hither, then my son, 
paj'iug rents to that sister that shall returne £50 within a year 
after her arrival, and tiie said land an<l meadow to remain unto 
my sonue to him, and his heirs forever. 

Lastly. For the hetter overseeing and aecomiilishnient of this 
my will and testament, I doe entreat my worthy friend, ('apt. 
Thomas Lowlhrop, sis also my two .sonnes-in law, .lolm Finrior 
and John Low ; and first in ease my sonne Paule should dye he- 
fore iny daughter, Anne Thorndike. then 1 doe give unto tlieni 
full [lower and authority to make provision out of this my estate 
for the maintenance * * * and care of this my daugh- 
ter, according to their wisdom, and the Lord shall please to vouch 
safe means. If ,iftc r my departure, my said daughter should grow 
under a greater di.stemper, either of sottishness or phrien.sie, then 
to take care to place her with some diseiete person, to use means 
for lier recovery ; or further what otherwise my sonne himself 
njay doe, with further dilference may concerning any clause 
in it, I do entreat them to determine recently with my worthy 
friend, ('apt. Thomas i>olliro|i, my .sonnes in law, .Julm I'nu-fdr 
and John Low. In witness hereof Jiave .set to my hand and seal 
the 2Tth day of July, KiGH." 

JOEN TnoilNniKE. 

Sealed and delivereil in the jiresence of ye 
John Hill, 

JoirN Hl.Af K. 

"r';i])tain 'I'homas Lothriiji gave oatli in court at Salem 'J-IO-TO 
that tiis ahove written was kept in his hands hy Mr. John Thorn- 
dike as his last will and testament." 


IIiLi.iMsn Vf.iucn, Chrl,-. 

" I'-nilorse<l. Mr. I'aul Thorndike is appointed administratof nf 
the will of Mr. John Thorndike, deceased, to fullill ye written 

170 Found 67^8 of Massachusetts J) ay Colon ij. 

will and niiiid of tlic deceased, and to brini;- in a true inventory of 

his estate, at tlie next month iu Salem 2-101070. 


HiLLiARD Veren, ClericiiH. 

"Paid Thorndike, ye administrator whoe presented a writing 
at ye court held at Salem 21-4-70, whieii he owns to be wn-itten by 
his fatlier as an explanation of C'aiit. Lothrop as jier ins oath, un- 
derwritten, and in ye sd paper and tlie said Paul Thorndike is to 
said paper togetlier with ye will." 


Hii.LiARD Veren, Clericvs. 

" Whereas, I, John Thorndike, having disposed of my estate, 
according to my last will and testament, I doe l)y the present 
writing explain .some things contained in it, as also make furthur 
expression of some other things not mentioned in it, which I de- 
sire, may be performed as first concerning my daughter Marye. 
I have given unto her £50. I doe a.ssign unto her the cow called 
Brown, Cherry and all 3 cows, and a heifer, which I value at 
14-lOs. The young oxen I bought of Thomas Peach, £10. One 
feather bed and bolster * * * and £10 iu money. I 
doe appoint unto her one romme in the house, the parlor, or the 
chamber, and desire .she may not remove elsewhere, and woidd 
have her brother winter her two cows ; but if she should remove 
I doe give unto her the second best hog fatted, as also 10m of wine 
and 2ii of * * * * to furnish her with her provisions, for I 
desire lu/f, she slioiild Jk contifriiiind ta (ja In serricr; also I doe give 
unto her lialfe of the ilax dressed out the last year, and some pait 
of the tlax growing this year ; also 30th of cotton wool and a 
large pewter dish, given her by her motlier, l)esides the portion of 
£50, if I return not hither again. I dc tjin- nnln uiii xainic Prortor 
tlie copiier and truit he hath of mine, 20th a little clumpit to a 
spring lock to set upon a dore. I doe give unto my sonne Low a 
heifer of a year old, 30tli cotton wool, and a sand! cliest standing 
in the parlour, also 3 yards of K of (t * * A. 

Whereas, I have made provision in my will concerning my 
daughter Anne, that if she should grow unto a condition 
after my departure, then I do again (commend lier condition unto 
the cares and charity of the overseers of my said will, to entreat 
tliem to place her with some friend, a discreet person, and tliat 
she may be maintained out of my estate, and that my sonne fur- 
nish her with bedding, where she may be placed." 


The 27th of July, IfiOS. 
"Capt. Lothrop o-ave oatli in court at Salem 29-4-71, that 
the above written was written and assii>-ned to and ])y ye sd 

Thorndike. 17i 

Jno. ThonuliUc, uiid left in his liaiul as an explaiiatiun of ye 

said will." 


IIiLi.iAUi) ViiiiKN Lbrkuis. 


UKNDEUED JAN. 2!>, 1(!71. 

Dwclliiitr liousc, ham .unl orchanl and <>0a., £270 

80 a. laiiil. iuid 10 a. meadow at Itcuvcr Pond, 80 

30 a., called iSawyer's I'laiu, 60 

7J a. meadow by Wcidiam Poud, 35 

3 a. meadow at " the old house," 12 

2 a. salt marsh at home, 10 

3 a. meadow, Topslield, 13 
Personal chattels, 115 


This was considered a very larg,e estate fur those early times, 
and w^as most faithfully administered upon by JVIr. Paul Thorn- 
dike and Capt. Lathrop until the death of tlie latter. 

RECt)Hi). '' Capt. Thomas Lathrop and 70 men were killed 
h_y the Indians at Heverly Creek 1081." 

.lou.N Tiiorndikp:, {Francis^^ Friincin^, Niehola.^^, Ilerhert^, 

}ViUimn}^ born little Carleton Co., Lincoln, JMigland, al)out 

1005, came to America 1033, returned to Enijjland, in the early 

pai't of fall (»f H'li!'^. died at London Nov. 3, lOOS, and liuried 

at Wcistminster Abbey Cloister. 

The children of dolnr'' Thorndike were, 

1. Annik, 1). 

2. Sakah, b. ., m. Dec. 10. 1001, .John Low of Ipswich. 

3. EiJZABKTii, b. 1042-3, m. Dec. 1002, .John Proclor, she died, 

April 15, 1694. 

4. Pa II., l)ap. Apr. 18, 1663. aged 20 years,(by Dean of Weston) 

was married, Ai)r. 28, 1668, to Mary daiiirhtcr of James and 
Hannah Patch. 

5. Mauy, 

6. Maktiia, bapti.scd in England, ,\pr. 1060, of ripe years. 

7. Alice, 1)aptis(;d in I''nglan<l, Ajir. 10<i',), of ripe years. 

172 Foandera of Massachtisetts Bay Colomj. 

Elizabeth Tiiokndike, tliiril child of John Tlionidike and 
Ills wife, married first, Edniiiiid Bassett ; second, John Proc- 
tor,Jr. of I]Kswicli, Dec. 16G2. They removed to Salem in IGOti, 
and purchased the Downing farm. Tliis farm was a grant of 
200 acres, wliich had been granted to Emanuel Downing, a 
brother-in-law to Governor Winthrop. It was considered the 
most desirable pro})erty in the township, having also houses, 
and buildings, stock, etc. A large family of children were 
l)orn to them ; they were prosperous and hap])y until the life 
of the father, was sacrificed l)y false accusation, to allay the 
terriide frenzied excitement, and ap})arent suffering of the so\\ki(\ witch, craft accusers in 1692. Elizabeth, his wife was 
also arrested, imprisoned, and condemned to death, havirig been 
accused of "bewitching her servants," but was afterward par- 
doned, throngh personal aj^jteal of "gestation." 

Among the cliildren uf John l*r<ictor and Elizabeth Thoi'ti- 
dike we find, 

4. Maktiia, b. .Tune 4. IGGtV 

0. Maky, 1). Feb. 20, 16«7, d. 1667. 

6. John, b. Aug. 28, 1668. 

7. Maky, b. Nov. 30, KiOO. 

8. TuoRNDiKE, b. .July 15, 1672. 

TnoRNDiKE Proctor, b. duly 15, 1672, eighth child of Jolm 
and Elizabeth {Thorndike) Proctor, married Hannah Endicott 
nee Feltoii) widows of Samuel Endicott {he the grandson of 
Governor Endicott) in l«i!>7. Hannah Felton Endicott was the 
daughter of Nathaniel Felton and wife Mai-y, the latter the 
daughter of the Rev. Samuel Skelton, the first minister of the 
Massachusetts Colony, who arrived in 1629 with a company of 
381-. Rev. Samuel Skelton died Aug. 2, 1634. 

In 16S4, Hannah Felton, married Samuel Endicott, son of 
(tov. Endicott. It was natural that these two young persons 
should love each other ; brought up in the same social circle 
their homes adjoining one another and their families two of 
the prominent ones in the colony. From the issue of the mar- 
riage of Haimah Felton and Samuel Endicott, descend the 
direct line of Endicotts, who are represented today, by the 

ThonnVtlc. 173 

foi-iiiur ex-Secretai-y of W;ir AVilliaiii ( -. Eiitlicott, liis son Wil- 
liam C. Eiitlioott Jr., and tliu (laui;]itt'i- iMury, tiic pi-eseiit wife 
of tlie linii. Joseph ('liaiiil)i'rlaiii *.A IJinniiiiiliain, Eiii;-liuul. 
Samuel EiKlieott died alioiit HilM). At the time of hei' widow- 
hoo(l. Ilauiiah Feltoii Kndicott received miich kindness and 
attention fi'om hei- ad joiniiiii' neii;-hl)oi-s the i'rocturs, and Dec. 
2, 1(597, she was mari'ied to Thurndike Proctor, 1). July 15, 
1072, eighth son of John Proctor and Eizaheth Thorndike, his 
wife. From tliis. laarriage^ descend the Proctor, Shiilaher, 
iSauuders, aud Daniels line, herein inscribed. 


Wii.i.iAM TiioKNDiKK, h. Little Curletou, Eng., about l-tT'» ; 

father of 
Hkkijekt TiioKNDiKi;, b. about \h^K) \, father of 
Nicholas Thokndikk, 1). about 1535 ; father of 
J(jii.\ TnoRNDiKK, b. 1605;y«/A<?r of 
Elizabktii TiioRNi)iKE,b. 3m. 16-12; wfe of 
John Proctor, b. 1632 ; father of 
Thorndike Proctor, b. July 15, 1(S1 2 \ father (f 
Thorndike Proctor, Jii., b. June 2, \^)^d'6 \ father of 
Eliza iJETH Proctor, b. 1735 ; wfe <f 
liouEKT SiiiLLAUER, b. May 20, 1730 \ father (f 
Sally Shillaher, b. 1773 ; wife of 
Cai't. Henry Saunders, b. June 21, 177(i ; father (f 
Philii' Henry Saunders, b. June 23, 1800 \ father if 
Sarah Saunders, b. July 24, 1843 ; tirife of 
Cai'T. David Smith, U. S. N., b. Dec. 13, X't^'U \ father of 
Helen Maud Saunders SMirn, 1). l'\b. !•, ls7l. 
Esther Pyers SMirn, b. Mai-ch 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, b. October 16, 1884. 

174 Founders of MasmchuactU Bay Coloruj. 


Cait. Joiix Tiiorkdike, died Mareli 24, 1 700, ii_<i;ed SO vears. 

Mr. NioiroL.xs Tiiorndikk, died Fel). 17, 1788, aged 55 years. 
(A soldier in the war of the Ilevoliition.) 

(yAi'T. Osmond Tiiornm)Ike, died May 8, 1700, aged 55 years. 

Capt. Tsrak:. Thorxdike, died Nov. 'i, 1782. 

R0BP:RT proctors, {Thomdil;^, Pioctor Jr., Thorn- 
dike-, John^, Proctor, Eihaheth Thorudihe, John, Nicholas, 
Ilerherf, ]VilU<rvi Thorndike,) horn 17P.2 ; died Feh. 1, 1803; 
married 1st, Hannah (roodhne. (CUiiUl Martha, married Wil- 
Ward.) 2nd, Hannah Lefavor. 

Benjamix Proctor, son of Rohert and Ilannali hy second 
mari-iage, inairied Hannah Archer. 

]\Iakv pRocioR, horn Ang., ISO',), died Se])t., 1852, (hmgliter 

of Benjamin i^-octor and Hannah Arclu'i-, mai-i'ied Natiianiel 

Jackson ; their chihl. Ellen Lander Jackson, married George 



Mary Ella Ara'EDsox, a lineal descendant of John Pi'octor, 
as also of John Tliornchke. 

Thitrndlke. 175 


11 ANN All FKLTON', {^.\<dhaniel?' Felton, Man/ Skelton, 
lice. Siimael ^K-elton,.) 

Hannah Felton in. Samuel Eiidicott, 16S4. 

Samuel Endicott in. Cousin Ann p]n(li('ott, Dec. 20, 1711. 

,lniiN Endicott in. Eli/.iihetli Jacol), May 18, 1738. 

Samlkl Endicott in. ElizalK-th Putnain, -lune, 1703. 

William Putnam Endicott in. Mary Crowningsliield, Mar. 
5, 1803. 

William Crowx-shikld Endicott b. Nov. 10, 1825, m. Miss 
Pea hotly. 


\\u,i.i\.M CuowiN(isiiiKi.r) Endicott .J I!., m Miss 'I'lioiin 
.Maky Endicott hi. Honorable Jose pli Cliuinhiilin itf I'.iiiuiiiuliam. 


The PnorTOK Akms as i'.okne y,\ thk Kaki.y 
OF New EN(;i,ANn r.Y that name. 


"-liimos Proctor, of the clergy of Lincoln, of the English 
low church and a j)uritan. Was at (^neen Elizabetii's first 
convocation, and was in London, Jan. 24, 1558-9." 

I have no earlier record of the Proctor family in England, 
other than that fonnd in Downton, Connty of Wiltz, England, 
wliere it was a family of su(;h influence and importance, as to 
have heen represented in Parliment in 1747, hy the Honorable 
George Proctor. 

The American ancestor, John Proctor, sailed witli his wife 
and two children from London and arrived at Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts in 1635. Li the colonial records of that date we have, 

Mr. John Pro(;t()r age 40. 
Mr.s. Miirtha, age 28. 
Jolm, age 3. 
Mary, age 1. 

Mr. John Proctor was a man of good estates, and seen)s to 
have l)een very much refpcctcd. He ]x)sscssed a large farm 
and occupied many various offices of trust in the colony. 
Ijjswich was then a part of Salem, and was an arable farming 
portion of the town. ]>y this record we find that John Proc- 
tor Jr., was born in England in 1032. He received his educa- 
tion at Ipswich, and grew up to be a man of most decided re- 
ligious character^ and thougli impulsive, he was considered to 
i)ave been a mont honest, u'pi'i<jht, honor<d)le and sincere 
christian, as well as a popular and inlluential man. He was 
married at Ipswich, Dec. 1662, to widow Elizabeth {IVwrn- 
dihe) Passe tt, born, 1642-2 m. 

In 1666 John Proctor, .Jr., and wife, Elizabeth, moved to 
Salem, from Ipswich, and purchased the Downing farm ; this 
faiMii was a grant to Einamicl Downing, lirother-in-law to 

178 Fo'unders of Massachuseth Bay Colony. 

Governor Wintliro}) ; it consisted of 200 acres, had house, out 
l)uih1ini;\s. harii, etc. Elizabeth Thorndike, wife of Jolm 
Proctor. Jr.. was daughter of John Thorndike, Esq., who 
about this time made a journey to England, died, and is buried 
in Westminster Abl)ej. John Proctor was appointed ad- 
minister to his estate and was mentioned in his will as his son- 

From 1606 to 1692 John Proctor, Ji'., and wife, Elizal)eth, 
occupied this home, raised and educated a large family of 
children and were iiineli respected in the church and the 
community generall)'. 

In 161)2 the terrible craze of witchcraft was started in Eng- 
land as well as in the New Colonies, and the victims of this 
terrible misfortune were from the most religious and respected 
families in the colonies. The story of the life of John Proctor, 
Jr., and that of his wife, Elizabeth, from this date has been 
told by records of blood, and his name is immortalized through 
ids arrest, conviction and execution , caused by the frenzied 
and ignorant sujierstition of the representations of witchcraft, 
accused by an ignorant servant. It was a conspiracy among a 
few girls to accuse these people of bewitching them. The 
most prominent among the accusei's was Mary Warren, who 
had been a servant to the Proctors. 

" She had lon<)^ been a member of the circle that so often had 
met at Mr. Parris's house and Thomas Putnam's. She was a 
leading spirit among the girls. She did not take an open \Y\xi 
against her master and mistress at the examination, although 
she acted with avidity and malignity against them as an accused 
witness, thus contributinijj to secure their conviction and the 
death of John Proctor." The trial was short. lie made a most 
noble appeal to the authorities at Poston for the life of his 
associates and himself. Two petitions, testifying to their worth 
and christian character, were offered to the courts in behalf of 
"John Proctor and his wife, EHzabeth, now in trouble, undei- 
tlie sus])icion of witchcraft," but the feeling of superstition was 
too strong; judges were obdurate, and he was executed August 
19, 1692, a martyr to the foolish and malicious representations 

Prorior. 17'J 

of a few iijirls. Two weeks after liis execution a child was born 
to Elizabeth, his wife, in prison. Later she was pardoned by 
order of the Crown. Ann Putnam, one of the accusers, con- 
fessed to the impositions she had practiced, attributin<i; it to the 
devil. Be it said of the jn(l<;"es that they realized in time, but 
alas too late, how deluded they had been. Judge Jewell, who 
M'us present as one of the council, in his diary writes later, on 
the margin of that date, " Alas, alas, alas, what perfectly de- 
luded us, were the exhibitions made by the afilicted children." — 

While in j)rison Joliu Proctor Jr. wrote the following- letter, 
addressed to several reverand gentleman at Boston. 

Salem Prison, July 23, 1692. 

Mr. Mather, Mr. Allen, Mr .Moody, Mr. Willard ami Mr. Bailey; Rev. 
Gentlemen : — 

The innoci nrji oi o\w ci\?,v with the eitiiiity of our accusers, and 
OUT judf/as and j I' ri/, irhdiii nntliliuj hut our innocent hhxnl will xerre, 
having condemned us already before our trials, lieiiig so much ///- 
censed and ennff/ed (iffnitint hh by the Dcril, makes us l)()ld to l)eg 
and implore your favorable assistance of this one hunibh! petition 
to his excellency, that if it be possible our innocent blood may be 
spared, which \uidoubtedly otherwise may be shed, if the Lord 
doth not mercifully step in : the magistrates, ministers, juries and 
all the i)eople in general being so much enraged and incensed 
against us by the delusion of the Devil, which we can term no 
other, by reason wc know in our own conscience, we are all inno- 
cent personal. 

Here are tive persons, wlio iiave lately confesseil lluinsclves to 
be witches, and do accuse some of us of being along with tlieni at 
a sacrament since we were committed into close prison. This we 
know to be lies. Two of the tive, all Curriers sons, young men 
who mould n/jt confesx nnything till they tied them neek and herls 
till the blfjod was ready to co7)ie out of their noxex, and it is credit- 
ably believed and reported, this was the orcaxion of making them 
ronfeHS what they never did, by reason they said one had been a 
witch a month, and another tive weeks, and that their mother 
made them so, who lias been confined here this nine weeks. My 
son Willi'un Proctor, when lie was e.vamined henmsc he ironld not 
co/ifexK that he irax f/irilt//, wlien he was innnnnt, they tied him 
ueek and heel>i till the hlood. flushed, ont at his nose, and would have 
kept him so 24 hours, if one nmre uureifid tliaii the rest had not 
taken pity on liim, and caused liini lo he unlidund. Tli(S( iirti<iiin 

180 Founders of Ma«,sac/iusetts Hay (Joiouy. 

are irry like the Popish cruelties. Tlu-y have already undone us, 
in our estates, and that will not serve them, without our innoeent 
blood. If it cannot be granted that we can have our trials at 
Boston, we humbly beg that you would endeavor to have those 
iii(it/isti-(i/r.s chinn/.'f/ and (/tin is in tJirir romii, begging also, and be- 
seaching you that you would be i)leased to Ih' here, if not all, some 
of you at onr trialx, hoping thereby you may be the means of sav^ 
ini:- the sheddiiKj of our iinioecid Idood. Desiring your prayers to 
the Lord in our behalf, we rest your poor afHicted servants. 

John Proctor and Otiikks. 

Tins HOLD LETTER cost JoliH Pi'octur liis life, and altli()iii;li 
petitions were sent the (Governor and council, nothing could 
stay the anger of the court and accusers. The excitement was 
so intense that a word of sympathy was sufficient reason for 
another accusation. I give helow the names of some who 
sio-ned the petition for tlie release of John and Eliza! u'th 
Proctor — tliey did it knowing that perhaps from theii- very 
protestations they themselves might become implicated. It re- 
quired more than moral courage to sign this petition, and theii' 
names should he immortalized in history : 

Jno. Wise, Jonathan Cogswell. Jr., 

William Story, John Cogswell, 

Keiuald Foster, Thomas Andrews, 

Thomas Chote, Joseph Andrews, 

John Harnum, Benjamin Marshal, 

William Tliomson, John Andrews, Jr., 

Thomas Low, Sen., William Bartlett, 

Isaac Foster, ^ William Andrews, 

John Baruum, Jr., John Andrews. 

William Goodhue, Joseph Proctor, 

Isaac Perkins, Sam't Gidding, 

Nath'l Perkins. Jo.seph Eveleth, 

Thomas Lookiue, James White. 
William Cogswell, 

Thomas Veruey, Courage. Justice. 

John Fellows, 

Wm. Cogswell, Jr., (<^'0])y original 
Jonathan Cogswell, by I'ltliam.) 

The court met Aug. 5, aiul John Proctor,his wife Elizabeth, 
George Jacobs, John Willard, and Martha Carrier, were con- 

f{^/-^lL^^ '^^^ "^^^ 


VW^^^-'V^^^^^ J y^t^c/o-* 

Proctor. 181 

ilemiied to be L'xecutcil \.\\v I'.Kli. Eliz;il)etli PrDctor was pur- 
doiied ini(k'i' tlic plea of i^cstatiuii, but -Joliii Proctor was liiu)<^ 
upon hinotoii estates, and within siy/it oi A/.y home ami jjosnes. 
*•/(>/< 6' ; the excitement was so intense, that even the celebrated 
Cotton Mather rode up on lutnseback to see the execution, /lar- 
anijlmj tJte people upon the ijoocl work they had acconqdished . 
Nineteen [)ersons in all were executed here, before the public 
feeling was somewhat abated. The suilei-inns and sadness of 
the immediate families can iie\ei' be estimated, and throui:;h()ut 
the hind a i^eneral feelini;' of compassion, was raised in their 
behalf. A i)roclamation was issued by the Jlonorable, the 
Lieut, (irovernor. Council, and Assembly, of his majestys 
pi'ovince of the jMassachusetts bay, in General Court assend)led, 
and the 15 day of May, 1694, was aj)pointed as a public day of 
prayer, in the cliurclies, for the families of the accused and 
convicted. The proclamution read thus, 

'■ Wlic'R-as till' anger oi' God is not, yet turned away, l)ut liis Iiaud 
is still stretclied oul against liis people in many fold judgements," 
and after usual spieitications of the calamities under wiiieli they 
were suH'ering, and n Icrring to the many days of public and 
solemn adresses made to God it proceeds, "yet we cannot but also 
fear that there is someting still wanting to accompany our subli- 
eatious, and doubtless there arc some particidar sins which God is 
angry with our Isreal for, tliat have not been duly seen and re- 
sented by us. about which God expects to be sought if ever he 
turns against our captivity," therefore be, 

Thursday 14 day of Jan. 1697 be accordingly appointed to be 
observed as a day of prayer and tasting." 

As time passed and a better realization of the evil effect of 
what had been done began to be realized, the feeling became 
intense against the judges ;md jui'y who condemned the inno- 
cent sufferers to death. Dtiring the year 101)7, the following 
document was [)ublished and circidated. 

" We, whose names are underwritten, being in the year 1092, 
called to serve as jurors in court in Salem on trial of many wiio 
were by some suspected guilty of doing acts of wilclicraft upon 
tiic bodies of sundry persons, wc; confess that we ourselves were 
not capable to understand nor able to understand the mysterious 
delusions of the power of darkness and Prince of the air, but were 

182 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colo7iy. 

for want of knowledge in ourselves, and better information from 
others, prevuikid witii to take up with such evidence against the 
accused, as on further consideration ;ind better information we 
justly fear was insufficient for tlie touching the lives of any 
whereby we fear we have been instrumental with others, though 
ignorantly and unwittingly to bring upon ourselves and this peo- 
])le of the Lord the guilt of innocent blood, which sin the Lord 
saith in sciipture He woidd not pardon, that is, in regard to His 
temporal judgments. We do therefore herel)y signify to all in 
general, and to the surviving sufferers in special our dee]) sence 
of, and sorrow for our errors in acting on such evidence to the 
condemning of any person, and do hereby declare that we justly 
fear fhut we wi-re suflli/ deluded and irrixtaken, for which we are 
much dis(|uieted and distressed in our minds and do therefore 
humbly l)eg forgiveness first of God, for Christ's sake, for this 
our error, and pray that God would not impute the gilt of it to 
ourselves nor others, and we also praj- that we may be considered 
candidly and aright by the living sufferers as being then under 
the power of a strong and general delusion, utterly unaccpiainted 
with and not experienced in matteis of that nature. Wc do 
lieartily ask forgiveness of you all, whom we have justly 
offended, and do declare, according to our present minds, we 
would none of us do such things again, on such grounds for the 
whole world : praying of you to accept of this in way of satis- 
faction for our offence, and that you would bless the iidieritance 
of the Lord, that He may be entreated for the land. 


Thomas Fisk, foreman of the jury, Thomas Peasley Sr., 

William Fisk. John Peabody, 

John Bacheler, Thomas Perkins, 

Thomas Fisk Jr., Samuel Sawyer, 

John Dane, Andrew Elliot, 

Joseph Evelith, Henry Herrick Sr. 

This inaiil}' acknowledgement of error allayed the resentment 
against the jury, but a pnhlic acknowledgement and redress was 
demanded of the court, and March 18, 1702, a petition was pre- 
sented to the general court by persons of Andover, Salem and 
Topstield, who had suffered by these condemnations of 1G02. 

" Your petitioners, being dissatisfied and grieved that beside 
what the condemned persons have suffered in their persons and 
estates, their names are exposed to infamy and reproach, while 
their trials and condemnations stand upon public record, we there- 

rroGtoT. 183 

lore luiiiihlj' prey this honori'd court that something may be pub- 
iirly (loiH! to talcc olT infamy from the names and memory of tiiose 
wiio liavc sullereil as aforesaid, tiiat none of tlieir sullering rehi- 
tious nor their posterity may siiifer reproach nn that account. 

Signed, Francis Faulkner. 

Isaac Eastey, 

TJiorndilii' Proctor, (son of Jdhn Proctor Jr. 
Eighteen otliers. 

On 20 July a hill was introduced by the, house of representa- 
tives forUidiiig such proccedino-s as in the witchcraft trials of 

July 8, 1703, an address was made to the General Court hy 
several ministers of the county, begg'ing the prayers of the fore- 
going petitioners be granted. 


Thomas Barnard, Andover. 
Josei)h Green, Salem, 
William Hubbard, Salem. 

John Wise, ) 

John Rogers, \ Ipswich. 

Jabez Fitch, ) 

Benjamin Rolfe, Haverhill. 

Samuel Cheever, MarbU-head. 

Joseph Gerish, Wenham. 

Joseph Capen, Topstield. 

Zacariah Symonds, Bradford. 

Thomas Symonds, Boxford. 

May 25, IToy, an address was introduced into the drenei-al 
Court for the passage of a suitable act to restore the rej)utali<ui 
of the sufferers, and to make some remuneration as to what had 
been damnified in their estates, etc. This paper was signed by 
Phili]) English and twenty others. 

At General Court, Oct. 17, 1710, an act was passed '' that the 
several convictions, judgments and attainders be and hereby 
reversed and declared to be mill and void." 

17 Dec. 1711. (lov. Dudley issued his warrant for the 
purpose of carrying out a vote of the (ieneral Assembly by 
and with the luhice of tlie Majesties council to pay the sum (jf 

184 Fouoiders of Massacliusetts Bay Colony. 

£578 12 to such porsoMS as are liviii<>; and to those that legally 
represent them that are dead, which sum was divided as 
follows : Descendants of 

Jolin Proctor iUid wife, 

George .I:if'ol)s, 

Geo. Binrouu'lis, 

Sarah Good, 

Giles Corey mid wife, 

Dorciis Hoar. 

Abigail Ilobhs, 

Rebecea Eanics, 

Mary Post, 

Marcy Lacy, 

Ann Foster, 

Samuel Wardell and wile, ^ 

Rebecca No arse, 

Mary ]^]astey, 

Mary Bradbury, 

Abigail Faulkner, 

John Willard, 

Sarah Wildes, 

Elizabeth ITow, 

Mary Parker, 

Martha C;arrier, 

IMiilip Eno-lish, a weahhy ship l>uilder, who with his wife 
was arrested, ti-ied, and condemned, i)ut were enahled to escape 
tlir(>ni;h the assistance of the Rev. Mr. Moodey, received £60 
through a judgment from a legal prosecution of the judges. 

These awards were small in estimation of the wrong done, 
hut were a just and deserved acknowledgement of this wrong 
and were accepted as proof of the errors committed and lion- 
oral )ly admitted as such. 

The farm of John Proctor extended through the extreme 
northwest jtortion of Salem, adjoining Danvers, and his home 
Avas somewhat distant from the main IJoston Road, {ho called) 
to the left. He was executed u])on his own ground within 
sight of the hoirie of his wife and family. This sight was the 
most elevated \^omt of land in Salem, and commanded a view 
of Lynn, Danvers, Salem, J^>everly and the Harbor. This si)ot, 
so memorahle from the terrible results of the so called Witch 





























Proctor. 1 85 

craft craze, is still isolated groniul to day ; the lot has never 
been built upon, and for years the Proctor fields around it have 
remained in the family and their descendants. It is only since 
1850-60, since the subdivision made by Mr. Philip Saunders, 
and the cutting of streets through the northern poition of the 
Proctor property, that the section has grown into a resident 
portion of the city, and even now is mostly iidiabitcd I)y the 
foreign element of the city, who could by association have lit- 
tle or no sentiment in i-egard to the location and its history. 


Amonii" the children of John Proctor and Elizabeth Thorn- 
dike we find : 

1. John, b. 1664. 

2. Martha, b. June 4, 1666. 

3. Ben.iamin, b. Aujr. 28. 166S. 

4. Mary, 1). Nov. 80, 1669. 

5. TiiORNDiKK, b. July 15, 1672. 

6. William. 

7. Elizaheth. 

8. Joseph. 

9. Abigail. 

10. Samuel. 

TnoRNiMKE Proctor, born 'Inly 15, 1072; married llarmah 
Endicott (Felton), 1697 


The children of Thorndikc Proctor, born July 15, 1672, 
married 1607 t(j widow, Hannah Eiulicott, were: 

1. Thorndike Puoctok, Jr., b. June 2, 169S. 

2. Nathan Proctor, b. October 18, 1700. 

3. EnKNEZRR Pkoctok, b. Aug. 16, 1702. 

4. Jonathan' Pkoctou, b. Aug, 2, 1705. 

186 Founder H of MassachusetU Bay Colony. 


TiioKNDiKK Pkoctor, Jk., hofii Juiic 2, 101)8; man-ied Al)a- 
i^iiil Wilson April 5, 1721. Late in life he married 2n(l Maiy 

Their Ciiildrkn. 

1. Hannah Phoctok, b. November 1), 1723 ; d. May 6, 1727. 

2. TiiouNDiKE Proctor, b. November 26, 1725. 

8. Abagail Proctor, b. Aiiyust, 27, 1727 ; m. Zadock Buffingtoii. 
4. Hannah, b. Sept. 3, 1729. 
f). Wim.iam, b 1781. 

G. EuzARF/ni, b. 1730; m Robert Shilluber Nov. 80, 1758; d. 
Sept. 14, 1824, ag. 89. 


Elizabeth Proctor, l)orii 1735, daughter of Thorndike 
Proctor, Jr., born June 2, 1008 ; married Capt. Robert 
Shillabor, a prosperous importer and merchant of Danvers, 

Nov. 30, 1758. 

Thkik Children. 

EBr<:NKZER Shillarer, b. 1760; m. Miss Cook, no issue. 
p]LiZAHK,Tii SiiiLLARER, 111. llev. David Daiiiels Dec. 6, 1780. 
Ben.jamln SiriLLAHER, b. 1770 ; d. Aui;-. 10, 1S23. 
Sally Snir.LABER, b. 1773, May 11 ; m. 27 Aug. 1795, Capt. 

Henry Saunders. Slie died Oct 20, 1826, aged 53 yrs. 

He died May 13, 1835, ag. 64. 

Thorndike Proctor, Jr., born June 2, ]Oi)S, inherited the 
sturdy (pialities of his puritan ancestors and we find him loyal 
and patriotic to a great degree. 

10 May 1758. He was appointed "an ensign rank, 2nd 
lieutenant, of the third foot com])any in the town of Salem, 
Mass, under the command of Capt. Penjamin Goodhue, in the 
first regiment of militia in the County of Essex, whereof Icha- 
bod Plaisted, Esq., is colonel." His commission, one of the 
first issued in the colony under the seal of King George II, 

Proctor. 187 

(l;ite<l May 1<"'. 175S, I liuvo in iny i)ossessioii, it liuving 
clescended to me tlirouij;li my inaternal ancestor, Elizabeth 
Proctor, liis daiigliter. It is reasonable to suppose that lie was 
l)ronioted, as he was at Lonisbnrtjjli, 1700, and was generally 
known as Capt. Proctor. The friendship existing Ijetween 
Col. Plaisted. and Capt. Thoriulike Proctor, was proof of his 
lioiior and ability as a soldier and a man. An inventory of 
Icliabod Plaisteds property was taken January ''1\)^ 1707, by 
David Northy, Joiia IhitKngton and Thorndike Proctor, Jr., 
Admrs. P. 302, Vol. XIII, 11. C. E. I. 

" Aug. 15, 1774, an enlistment was made to reinforce the 
American army until last of November, as one-sixth of the able- 
bodied militia of 8alem, according to a resolve of General 
Courts, Aug. 8, 1774. Among those drafted we find the name 
Thoi-iidike I'roctor Jr.," (record appended.) — Felt^ 1827, p. 565. 

1776 Capt. Proctor (Thorndike) became majoi' in a regiment 
of artillerv I'aised for the defense of the town of Boston. 

Continental Akmv, ] 

Hkadquarters, June 18, 1778. f 

" Major Proctor will strictly enjoin of his detachment punct- 
ually to attend I'oll call, of which the General is informed there 
has been too much neglect. 

By order. Gen. IIeatu." 

Ebenezer Proctor, brother of Thorndike Proctor Ji-., was also 
an officei- during Fi'cnch and Indian wars. — {Itev. Archives.) 

188 Founders of MansachtiHetta Uaij Colony, 


TH(»[AS PoWNELL, Esg. 

pR()\ii\CK OK rill:; ( 'aptdln-Gcncral and Governoi'-in-Chlef 
JVIassachusetis Uav. in and over Ills Majesty's Province 

of the Mas--Hichusetts Bay in New 
England, Etc. 

To TiioKNDiKH Pkoltok, Jii.,* Gextleman, Guektinc; : 

Py virtue of the Power and Authority in and hy liis Majesty's 
lloyal Coininission to me »iraiited, to be Ca})tain-General, etc., 
over this, his Majestj^'s Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
aforesaid, 1 do I)y these ])resents (reposing especial Trust and 
Confidence in your Loyalty, Courage and Good Conduct,) con- 
stitute and appoint You, the said TJiorndike Proctor dunr., to 
be Ensign of the third Foot Company, in tiie town of Salem, 
undei" the command of Captain Benjamin Goodhue, in the first 
Regiment of Militia, in the County of E?se.\, whereof Ichabod 
Plaisted Escp*. is Colonel. 

You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the 
duty of an Ensign in leading, ordering, and exercising said 
Com})any in Arms, botli inferior Officers and Soldiers, and to 
keep them in good Order and Discipline ; herel)y commanding 
them to obey yon as their ensign, and yourself to observe and 
follow such orders and instructions as you shall from time to 
time receive from Me, or the Commander-inChief, for the Time 
being, or other your superior Officers, for his Majesty's service, 
according to military Rules and Discipline, pursuant to the 
Trust reposed in you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Boston, the six- 
teenth day of March, in the thirty-first year of the Reign of 
His Majesty King George the Second, Anno Domini 1758. 


\jj His Excellency's Command. 

Tugs. Clark, D'p'ty Secr^y. 

I'rndor. 189 

It must l)e rcinemherecl tli;it in tlicsi; i-arly times tiiat u 
soldier aiul an otlic-cr was a citizen us well. The eoimtry could 
not ciilord tlie e\})eiisu of a standiii<;' army, and u[)oii each dis- 
turbance of the colonies, were it either upon the hordei* or the 
coast, the militia of the different counties were immediately 
called into active ser\ice, and I believe in many an enj^a^e- 
ment bore individually their current expenses, or it was often 
obtained by subscri])tioii from the residents of their respective 

Thorndike Proctor Jr., though frecpiently a soldier was a 
prominent active business man as well. He was lar<i:;ely en- 
gaged in shipping enter[)rises, was part owner ot a wharf, 
speculated in land, inipoi'ted much mercliandise from England, 
and withal was always active in church duties and the ad- 
vancement of the mutual interests of the colonists, lie became 
connected with Di-. Iluntiuii-ton's church in IT'!"), and in 1T()9 
.was church warden. 

Salem, Oct. 21), 17G.5. Ka-eived of Mr. Tlniiiulikc I'mcfor .Tr 
six pounds lliirteeii sliilliiii;s and four pence in full foronclialf 
part of a floor pen in the meetinghouse in wiiieh the Kevd Mr. 
John Huntington ollleiates as Pastor Number ( ) and the 

land whereon said i)en stands, with all the |)rivileges and apjiur 
tenants of the same. " (Signed,) 

Uicu.MU) Lee, 
Tugs Mason. 
John Gai{i>eni<;k. 
to. 13. 4. 

At the death of the llev. Dr. Huntington, Thorndike Proc- 
tor, Jun'r, issued the f(dlowing recpiest to the (Jhurch mem- 
bers and subscribers : 

"Pursuant to a warrant to me, the subscriber, directed by the 
worshipfull Joseph Bowditch, I'^sc^'r, to notify the Pr()i)riet(M-s of 
the Meeting House in Salem, where in ye late K(\ d Mr. John 
Huntington, dea'cd. officiated as pastor, to assemble at said House 
on Monday, the twenty-seventh day f)f February, 1709, for the 
purposes hereafter nuMitioned, I hereby Notilie said Proprietors 
to assemble at sd House on said Day and 'rinic 

To Chuse a Clerk, to Enter all Voles and Orders that shall from 
time to lime be madi- at such meetings, and agree upon any other 

111! I Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

inctliod of callintr nicecinss. Allso to Chuse a Committee for 
iiKUiaging the affairs of the Property, & call future meetings. 

Allso to pass all orders and rules for Ihe further Managing, Im- 
proving & Ordering said estate or Interest as they shall agree. 
Allso to decide upon Assessment or Ta.\ on the Pews in saidiMecit 
ing House, the Sum or Sums of Money as shall be agreed upon 
for llie defraying the minsteral and other Incidental Charges. 
Allso to Chuse a Treasurer and Collectors, and all Necessary and 
Proper Officers." 

Thoknuike Pkoctou, Jun'r. 

S.M.K.M, February 11, 17()i>. 

"Aug. 25, lT(!*.i, Thonidike Proctor and Charles Wortlien 
insured witli Josepli Cal)ot the cargo of the Schooner Sallv, of 
which thev were owners in e(|iial sliares " to the stun of £2(HI 
from Saleni to any or all of the West India Islands and return. 

Aug. 25, 1771. "Thorndike Proctor Jr. insures with Benja- 
min Pickman -Ir.. for tlie sum of £5(M), the cargo and vessel 
Betsey, from Salem to the West Indies and return." 

May 8, 1773. ^'Thorndike Proctor Jr. insures with Benja- 
miti Pickman Jr., for the sum of tlOO, the schooner Betsey 
and cargo, John Tucker captain, to any one of the West India 
islands and return.'' 


Betsey's return voyage, Sept. 14, 1778. 

Thonidike Proctor Jr. returned, 
Robert Shilla])er, 
Jeremy Hacker, 
Caj)!. John Tucker's, 

Thorndike Proctor, Dr., his \ is 

t S. P. 

Toi of cargoe, etc., 1141 :} U contrcor l)y accjt. 1216 II 10 
To lid. of Hacker, 75 6 10 






















1216 II 10 

Robert Shillal)er, Dr. 1141 ;J (I c'ontre or by ac(it. 1165 12 

To Rd. of Hacker, 4 18 

To Rd.of Tucdver, 10 10 8 

1165 12 6 

rnx-tnr. mi 

Jeremiah Iliickcr. Di 1141 3 contreor by af(|t. 10(i() 

Pay Proctor, TO 

Pivy Shillaber, 4 












To Capt. Tucker. Dr. 1141 8 1141 

coiitru or by ac(|t. 1141 
Pay Sliiilaber, IS) 

1141 3 

This paper is eiulorsed "settlement of Schooner Betse}% Sept. 
14, 177B.' 

It would seem liy this account, and it is no doubt correct, 
being copied from original papeivs, that for the sliort voyage 
the captains profits, £1141 3, was a very good gain for the 
four months cruise. If this is a fair estimate of the captain's 
profits in the merchants service, it is not sur})rising tliat so many 
of our ancestors found it a more profitable and interesting pro- 
fession than many others ])iirsued in the colony. 

"Nov. 26. 1774. 'I'iiorndike Proctor junior insures witli Benj. 
Piciiman junior tor the sum of £100 the Schooner Betsey and 
Cargo. Joiia Tucker, master; to all or any of the West Indies 
islands and return to Salem, etc., etc." 

A bill for Sciiooner Betsey from Salem to the West Indies and 
back to Salem. 

Mans name. Quality. Time Entry. Discharge. Time. 

John Tucker, master, Dec. 24, 1772 ; July 19, 1778, 6m. 25d. £16 8 

Jonathan Tucker, mate, Dec. 24, 1772 ; July 19. 1773, 6m. 2r)d. 15 9 9 

William Pecle, cooper, Mar. 15, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 4m. 4d. 13 15 6 

James Trask, sailor. Mar. 15, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 4m. 3(1. 8 14 1 

IchabodComstock, sailor, Mar. 16, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 4m. Id. « 16 4 

Tliorn<like Deland, sailor, Mar. 15, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 4m. 4d. 8 16 4 

William Porter, boy, Mar. 15, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 4m. 4d, 4 2 8 

£76 2 8 
Cr. By advance wages rec'd before sailing, 15 8 

60 14 8 
Endorsed Sept. 15. Uec'd ye i partof within ^ each, 15 3 8 

of It. Shillaber J. Hacker, T. Proctor and k to J. 

Settlement, Schooner Betsey. 5th voyage. 

" Jn the fall of this year, 1774, General (iage wh(» hat! re- 
cently been appointed (Governor of Massachusetts, caused Bos- 

192 J^}mnde}\'< of MassacJnisetts Bay Colon;/. 

ton Neck to l)o foi-tificd, and seizing the aniniunition and mili- 
tary stctrcs in the provincial arsenals at Cambridge and Charles- 
town, conveyed them to Boston. On the other hand the 
assembly of Massachnsetts, having been dissolved by the gov- 
ernor, the members again met and resolved themselves into a 
Provincial Comjress. ' 

Committees of ''^Safety and Supplieii'' were formed and this 
provincial congress resolved to e(piip twelve thousand menand to 
eidist one fourth of the militia as minute men ; that is, that 
tiiej should be i-eady at a minute's warning, for action in de- 
fence of their adoj)ted country. The militia of Salem formed 
an important pai't in these defences, and on many occasion, the 
regiments of militia comprising the l)est citizens of the town 
were called in defence of the ad ioinino- country. Thorndike Proc- 
tor Jr., served his country in many lionoral)le positions at this 
time for its defence, as also did his brother Ebenezer. — He died, 
1777-8 — He left a draft of will unsigned, which instructions were 
most carefully fi>llowed by his son-in-law, llobert Shillaber, 
who was a])pointcd admr. of his estate; as also guardian (»f his 
son, Thorndike'^ a minor, who afterward serVed as purser on 
the Privateers Ship. "America,'' from Sept. 1, 1S12, to Jan. 
7, ISi;), and made three other cruises on same shi[) until 1S15. 

From an inventory of Thorndike Proctor's propei-ty taken 
by Robert Shillaber, admr., we find : 

Dwclliiii;' lioiisc, lands, personal cJlVrts, v\v.., 
( )iic of certain notes, etc., 

" " John Proctor's bond, 
" Joseph Clough's liond. 

" " Elislia A: p]ben Felloii's bond, 

" " l{o))t. Wilson's ;^d l)ond, 

" " IJenj. a. Ualand A: Tach r. FeUon's bund 

" '• Naliiaii Felton's & P.. Proctor's bond, 


" " Ste]»hen's Proctor's note, 

" " Caleb Low, 

" " Gilbert Tapley, 

" " JIahiclii Feltou, 

" Nathan Proctor's bond, 
" " Timothy Feltou's " 




1 7:59 














































Proctor. 193 

€. S. P. 

Oue of Williain Shilhibcr's note, 11 11 4 

" " Joseph Aboni, " ..... 

" " Dau'lJacobs, " 

" " Ciik'l) Foster, " 

" " Tlioinas Aii(lr<!\vs, " ..... 

" " Jona Proctor, " 

" " Slidton Skeldeii, 

" " Tlioriidikc Proctor, Jviii'r, note, 

" " John Felt, note, 

£2,921 7 

[Much of this writniff has been defaced and be(;«me obliterated through 

The draft of the will gave full power to Eobert iShillaher to 
a(hnini.ster to the estate, and conchided as follows: 

"AH the residue of my estate, rights, titles and interests what- 
soever, I give to my two sons : To my son, Thorndike, and his 
heirs, one half tliereof, and to my son (Robert Shillaber) and his 
heirs, the other half. Lastly, I appoint my good friend and son- 
in-law, llobert Shillaber, of Danvers, e.xecntor of this my last will 
and testament, and whereas I am owner of a part of the land in 
Salem where stood the meeting house, lately ])urnt, in which Dr. 
Whitaker olllciated, and it may be greatly detrimental to the 
owners of the other parts of that land if mine should remain in 
the hands of my son till their majority, and also be less profitable 
to them than the money f(jr whidi it may be sold, I hereby give 
full power to my executor to sell and convey ab.solutely my part 
of the meeting house land aforesaid, etc., &c." 

15 May, 1782. Recorded. 

" Know all men by these presents that I, Mary Proctor, of 
Salem, in the County of and Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts, widow, in consideration of seventy pounds lawful money 
and other valual)le considerations paid me by my son-in-law, Wil- 
liam Proctor, of said Salem, mariner, and by Robert Shillaber of 
Danvers in said County, merchant, as the guardian to my son-in- 
law, Thorndike Proctor, Jun'r, of said Salem, a minor, the receipt 
whereof I do hereby acknowledge, do hereby give grant bargain 
sell and convey to the said William and Thorndike and to their 
heirs and assigned all the right of dower which I have or may 
have in the estate of my late husband, Thorndike Proctor, late of 
said Salem, deceased, either real or personal. To have and to 
hold, &c., &c. 


li)4: J-'ouiuiers of Mastiachamtts Baij Colony. 

Rights conveyed in the followiiii;' ])ropert_y of Real Estate 
by Mary Proctor : 

No 1. 2 Rights ill Norman's Rocks in (;i|iial sliares. 
No. 2. U right dito. 

«3. The lot of land in the field by Nurnian's Rocks, No. 8, as 
lately divided. 
The Mansion house and land. 
A lote by l)e Ornes. 
The meeting- house lot. 

A lot where Banerot's shop stands. 
The shop. 

\{ rights in tiie Horse pasture. 

\\ rifjhtx in Norman Rocks, in Ohl Mr. Proctor'x estate. 
l-f) of Otd Ml-. Proctor's ItiiuJ in Neir Sulrm, &c. 

£ior)7 (» 

Thus was conveyed to llohert ShiUaber, adin'r and lieii', 
" Old Mr. Proctor's land in New Saleae ;" tliis was the 
land of John Proctor, the martyr, executed by order of 
"Witchcraft delusion," 1002. (Descendants of Robert Shib 
laber and EHzabeth Proctor are lineal desgendants of the 
Thorndike, Proctor and Daniels line.) 

Proctor. 195 


Jiiii.N I'koctok, l)oin ill Kn^laiid, 1595 \ father of 

John Proctor, Jr., born \^^Z'i\ father of 

TiiiiKNDiKE Proctor, born IQl'l \ father of 

Oapt. TnoRNDiKE Proctor, Jr., bom lQ\i'^\ father of 

Ei.izAHKTH Proctor, born 1735 ; xoife of 

Cai'T. lioiiEKT Snii.LAiiKK, bom 1730 \ father of 

Sally SniLLAUER, born 1773; wife of 

Captain PIenry Saunders, l)om 1770 \ father of 

Philip Henry Saunders, bom \><()^) \ father of 

Sarah Sprague Saunders, born 1843; wife of 

Captain David Smitit, corps of En<j:;'rs, IJ. S. N., born 1831; 

father of 
Wlnthrop Clifford Smith, liorn June 26, 1870; died <luly 

7, 1870. 
Allan Lowe Smith, born Au^^. G, 1872; died Jan. 16, 1873 
IlKr^EN Saunders Smith, l)orn Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Byers Smith, born Mar. 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, born Oct. 16, 1884. 


JC)IIN, {John^) married Elizabetli (Tliorndike) Passett and 
b;i(l the fnllowini:: cbildren : 

1, John ; 2, Martha ; 3, Hkn.iamin ; 4, Mauy : 5, Tiiokndiki. ; 
(), AVii.MA.M ; 7, F^l.lZAiiKTll ; 8, .r<isi;iMl ; i>, AnniAil. ; 10. HamueL ; 
11, Em/.ahkth (Very.) 

190 Founders of Mansachibnetts Jlaij Colon ij. 


BENJAMIN, {John, John,) horn Salum, 1<;7*> ; died ITliO; 
married Whitridge, Dec. 8, 1094. 

1, Mahy ; 2, Pkiscilla ; 3, Sauaii ; 4, John. 


JOHN, {Ilenjamtn, John, John^ born Saleiu, 1705; died 
Sept., 1773; married Lydia Waters, Dec. 14, 1727. 


1, John ; 2, Lydia ; 3, Benjamin ; 4, Mahy ; T). (Sarah ; (l, Syl 
VKSTER ; 7, PnuDENCK; 8, JosEi'H ; 9, Daniel. 


JOHN, {John, Ijcnjaiyiin, Joh n , rfohn,) horn Se[)t. 14, 1728 ; 
died Aug-. 27, 1771 ; married 1st, Mnry Eppes, 1751 ; 2nd, Ruth 
Ilea, 1702. 


1, Mahy : 2, Hannah ; 3, Lyi)l\ ; 4, Elizaheth : 5, Sakah , (», 
Anna ; 7, John ; 8, Johnson ; 9, Hannah ; in, Uili.y. 


JOHNSON, {John, John, Benjamin, John, John,) horn Oct. 
29, 1765; died Nov. 11, 1815 ; married 1st, Lydia Waters, Dee. 
31, 1789 ; 2nd, Mary Rutnam, Feh. 23, 1809. 


1. John Waters Pkoctoh, h. July 30, 1791, 

2. Lydlv Pkoctoh, b. May 10, 1793. 

3. LuciNDA PitocTOii, b. Jan. 31, 1795. 

Proiior. 197 

4. LvDi A Watkus IMiocTOK, 1>. .May 1 I, ITU^. 

0. Ai;ki. I'ltoiTou. li. Miucli .'S, 1800. 

(>. 1ski;al I'riNA.M 1'ko( TOK, 1). 8r])t. 1, ISll. 

7. A \i;i'N CiiKKVKK I'Kdi'ioi;. li. Xnv. 'JS, iyi3. 

SEVENTH (feneration. 

JOHN, [Johnson, Joliii, John. /lr/i/((//t i/i, John. John,)horn 
July 3(1, ITIM, married Mary I. Osburn Nov. '2'2, 1825. Slie 
died May 19, 1815. He married second, Sally Wellington, 
March 1, 1852. 

Child KEN. 

1. Maky L. I'w.KTon, 1). Aug. :i, 182.5. 

2. ELiZAiiKTH OsiiouN Pkoctdk, b. Sept. 11, 1827. 
:j. .John Arcus-rrs Puoctou, b. Aug. 1, 1829. 

4. lOi.iZAi-.KTU, again, b. Oct. 10, 1881. 

.5. .IdllN W'KliSTEK PUOCTOK, li. PiT. 7, 1884. 

6. Cahulink Wateks Pkoctok, b. Dec. 28, I80O. 

7. AudUSTis OsHOKN Pkoctok, b. Oct. 18, 184U. 

8. IIknuy IlAKWiisoN Pkoctok, b. 

9. Kdwaud \Vateu:< Proctor, b. Mauli 4. 1842. 

Descendants of these lines, are lineal descendants of the 
John Thorndike line. 

200 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Tn the will of llicliard Willard, proved May 16, IGIT, he 
makes special provision fur the virtuous briugiug up of his 
cliildreu. lie left all real estate to children of second ma.r- 
riage, which were Margery, Simon and Catherine. 

To Simon he gave lands called Hooks, the messuage and lands 
and tenants called Welsbines. To Margery and Catherine he 
gave the messuage Baen-Close, two gardens and orchards, 
bonght of Wood. Of the children of Richard Willard, who 
came to New^ England, April 1634, tliere were Margery and 
her husband. Captain Dolans Davis, Captain Simon Willard 
and wife Mai-y Sharp, and two children, and his half-brother 
George, son of Richard Willard and wife, Joan Morehead." 


Simon Willard, l)aptised Ilorsmondon, Co. Kent, England, 
April 7, 1605, married first Mary Sharp, born Horsniondon, 
1614, daughter of Ileniy Sharp and Jane Teylde. Mrs. Simon 
Willard was oidy twenty years old when she emljarked fi-om 
England, A[)ril, 1634, with her husband and two children for 
the New World. 

(•aptain Simon Willard settled at Concoi'd, INIass., 1635. 
He was married three times, having in all seventeen childi'en. 
His ninth child was nanied Simon. His seeoiid wife was Eliza 
Dniister, his third wife, Mary Dunster. 


Simon Wirj-ARir, son of Major Simon Willard and Mary 
Shar[) his wife, was born at Concord, Mass., Nov. 23, 1649. 
He niai-ried. 

First, in 1670, Martha, daughter of Richard and Joane 
Jacob of Ipswich. 

Second, July 25,1722, he married Rriscilla Ruttolph, Salem, 
Mass. Simon Willard", died at Salem, Mass., June 23, 1731. 

WMard. 201 

Children of Simon Willard- and Martha Jacob of Ipswicli, 
married, 1670, were, 

1. J.uor., linrii Ipsw icli, Sept. 17, 1080, died before Sept., 1743. 

2. JosiAir, born May 24, 1G82. 

3. IMauth.v, born Jan. 27, 1683. 

4. Simon, born, Salem, Nov. 4, 1685. 

5. lliCHAiU), bora Juno 26, 1686. 

Forirni (ieneration. 

Jaco]! AViM-Aki), son of Simon Willard- and Joanc Jacob of 
Ipswich, born Sept. 17, IGSO, was married May 3, r7<>4, to 
Sarah Flint, daughter of Ensign Edward Flint of Salem, Mass., 
and Alice Hart, his wife. 

Theik Children. 

Sakah Willard, daughter uf Jacob Willard and Sarah 
Flint, born, Salem, Mass., Feb. 18, 1704-5, was married July 
28, 1727, to Jonathan Peele, son of George Peele Jr., and 
Abagail Augur, born Dec. If). 1702. 


Jonathan Peele .ilnior, son of Jonathan I'eele and Sarah 
Willard, born July 17, 1721; married Margaret Mason of 
Salem, Mass., August 3, 1750. 

Their Child. 

SaKAII PKKf.K, h. .Illlv 2"), 17.-,1 ; (1. .luM. ISIO. 


Sarah Pkele, daughter of Jonathan Peele junior and 
Margaret Mason, born July l?5. 1751 ; was married, Scjit. 0, 
1769, to Capt. Daniel Saunders, son of IMiiii|i Sanders and 
Mary Elk ins, b-.m Sept. s, 1744. 

202 Fo under >< of MaHmaclm^^etU Bay Colouj. 

Their Ciuldkkn. 

IIenky Saunders, b. June 21, 1770. 
Daniel Saunders, Jr., h. 1772. 
Pnii.ii' Saunders, b. 1774. 
Sarah Saunders, b. 1775. 
Jdnatiian Peal S.\unders, 1). 1785. 

Descendants of tins family have the following; lineal lines, 
accordinsi; to their different branches: 

Major Simon Willard, born iHOo ; father of 
Deacon Simon Willard, born \{'A\) \ fifher <f 
Jacop. Wir.r.ARi), boi'n IGSO ; f(fAer (f 
Sarah WiLr.AK'o. born 1705; wife rf 
Jonathan Peklk, born 1702; fatAer of 
Jonathan Peele, Jr., born 1731 ; fither of 
Sarah Peele, born 1751 ; xoife of 
Captain Daniel Saunders, born 17-14 ; father (f 
Captain Henry Saunders, born 1770 ; father <f 
Philip Henry Saunders, born \'^()i) \ fatJter <f 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, born 1843; wife of 
Chief Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy, born, Ibichrn. 
Scotland, 1834. 

From the first settlement of Major Simon WiMard at Con- 
cord, 1034, until his death, we find him most active in :dl the 
enterprises of the conntry. In 1035 he established himself as 
a land owner, first at Cambrido;e, from thence removini!; to 
Concord, where he became identified with the ])i"osperity of 
that section to a very fjreat degree. He dealt extensively with 
the Indians in fnrs, exported the main products of the country 
and in May, 1040, was established as one of the founders of 
Concord, Mass. He was inmiediately elected to the (-Jreat and 
General Court, and Kiceived tlie appointmeiit of captain. 

1040. He was appointed liecorder. 

1057. He and his associates purchased the exclusive right 
to trade with the Indians of Merrimack P,iver. lie was a 

M'il/anl. 203 

iiieinlifr of the GeiR'ial Ili^li (A»nit for tliirty-sevun years and 
for liftocii vuars a Drputy fi'ciii Coiiconl. In Kl-iU, Capt. 
Willard was ap})oiiitcil to lay out 8alisl)iiry. 

KioO. Capt. Willard was chosen Controller of the Session. 

lt]5(i. Capt. Willard was chuinuan of IJoard of Arbitrary. 

1()58. Major Simon AVilJard was aj)pointed hy the court to 
assist accounts of the Treasury of this country. The Pliilli[)S 
war ln'oke out, and in September, 1054, by order of General 
Court, Major Simon Willard is Chief Commander in Mid- 
dlesex. General order, Septeml)er 1054. 

" To all our coiil'cdcrates, neighbors ami iiiciuls, to wlioiu thosu 
sball come greeting ; these are to request yon ami every one of 
you to permit Major Simon Willard Commander in Chief of all 
the forces sent forth in this expedition (luietly and peacefully with 
all his forees to i)ass, and repass through your sevei'al jurisdictions 
and to give liini credit, for what he shall want or stand in need 
of, he giving a ticket for what he shall take v\\) of ye inhabilanls 
and charge it on the Treasurer of Massachusetts, who shall faith- 
fully discharge the same, which we shall take as a favor and on 
all occasions render tin- like courtesy." 

Feb 2, 1670. The Council issued orders for Major Ilillard 
to raise a body of troupers and dra<i;oons to rano-e the country 
between Groton, Lancaster and Marlborou<jjh. 

A})ril 1076. Ma.tok Willard succumbed to sickness after a 
long life of arduous duty. The last year an unusual load of 
care with its train of anxieties added to the hazards (tf an in- 
tense winter in which he was so often exposed on the journey 
and march, that he was easily accessible to the attacks of the 
disease which was prevalent at this time. The disease was an 
epidemic cold of a very malignant type. 

Major Willard died after a short illness at Charlestown on 
]\Ionday, April 24, 1070, aged 72. {Genealogy Simon Wlllai'd.) 

Simon Willakd'' was a godly man, and was for many years 
Deacon of First Church, Salem, Mass. He resided at Salem 
in 1079. Ill 171^, wiien a second church was organized, he 
transferred his relations to the new church, lie was Marshall 
of Essex County in lOSU. In active service as Comniander of 

204 Founders of Masaachusetts Bay Colony. 

Military coiiipany in ;iii cxjieditioii a<;-ainst the Eastern Indians, 
1()81>-1()1M>. W^i survived his wife Martha, and ujarried Priscilla 
liuttulj)!', July 25, 1722. This marriage wa^' not a happy one, 
and they separated in a shoi-t time, he obtaining the decree of 
the court. He died, June 23, 1731, aged 82 years, G mo. 
The followino; citations fi'om the general colonial records of 
the Commonwealth of Maesachusetts and certified to be ab- 
solutely correct are of great interest, and impoi'tance to the 
descendants of Major Simon Willard. 


Vol. 1 ; p. I'.fi. Miirih 9, 1680-7. 

Symon Willaud, k'iftenant for C-oncord. 

Pag(; 185, .\ (ieiicnill (lourt, Imuldfii at BosLoii the 7tli Day of the lOlh 
Mo. (iix 1086. 

Deputies, Symon Wh^lakd. 

Page 191. A Oenerall Court, liekl the IStli Day of tlic 2n(l Mo. Ha). 1087. 

Left. Willard. 

Page 227. A Geiierall Court, held at Newtovvue tlie 2nd Day of the 8rd 

Mo., 108«. 

Deputies, Leift. Willard. 

Page 25r). At tlie Generall Courte. lioulden at Boston the 22nd of the 
3rd Mo., called May, 1089. 

Deputies, Symon Willakd. 

Page 801. A r4enrall Cort, held at Boston the 7th day of the 8th Mo., 

Deputies, Likft. Simon Willard. 

Pages 818-887. x\. Generall Court of Elections, held at Boston 2nd D., 
4th Mo., I(i41. 

Dejnities, Letf. Sym. Willard. 

A Generall Co\n-t, held at Boston the 7th Day of the 8tli Mo., 1041. 

Deputies, Leift. Sym. Willard. 

Vol 2 : p. 55. A Generall Cort, held at Boston the 7th of First Mo. 

Deputies, Willard. 

Willanl. 205 

I'.-i^^-^c !»• Al a C'li't of i;iccliniis at I'.ostdii, the 1 Itli ol' llic ::nl Mn., (^r^ 

Deputies, Lkik. Wii.i.akk. 

I'agc 145-0. Al a (iciiLiall C\)urte, at Hostdii, lor lOlcctioii, \\\v (Jtli of 
the 8nl Mo., 1()40. 

Deputies. Sim ^V ii.i,.\i;ii. 

It i.s ordorc-d, llial Lcift. Willanl shall lie Caj)!. of Ihc Company at 

Page 2Go. At a CiL'iieiall Coiirtc; of Jiilfctiou, at Boston, tlu; 2n(l of llic 
■Md Mo., 1()49. 

Deputies, C'ai-t. Svm Wii.i.akd. 

Vol. o, p. 1^<;5. At a C'ourle of Kicdion, held at Hoston, the 22, Mo. 


Deputies, Cai'I'. Simon Wh.i-akd. 


Pai;-e 220. Att a General! Courte of Kleetion, Iield at Boston, iNIay 7th, 

Dej)iities, Cai't. Svmon Wii.i..\i;i). 

Page 259, May 27, 1653. 

Cai't. Svmon Willaud. 


Page 297. All a Geneiall Court of Election, held al iioston, the 18 of 

the 3rd Mo., 1053. 

Names of T^ej)iityes, JNIa.iok Sim Willakd. 


Pages 389, 372, 422. Att a CJenerall Court of Eieelion, lield at Bo.ston, 
the 3rd of the 3rd Mo., 1054. 

Assistants, Ma.iok Symon Wii.i.akd (tknt. 

May 23, 1055. 

Assistants, ^Ia.iou Svmun Wili.aud (^ent. 

Vol. 4 : p. 254. May 6, 1656. 

Assistants, Ma.ioi: Wii.i.akh. 

Chosen Major Generall, Ma.iok Svmon Willakd. 

Vol. 4 ; i)t. 1 ; p. 285. May 0, 1057. 

Chosen Assistants, Majok Symon Willakd. 

Page 320. May 19, 1658. 

Chosen Assistants, Ma.iok Symon Willakd. 

Page 364. May 11, 1659. 

Chosen Assistants, Ma.iok Svmon Willakd. 

Page 410. May 30 1000. 

Cliosen Assistants, Ma.iok Symon Willakd. 

20C) Fownder^ of M assachasetU Hay Colon;/. 

Vol. 1 ; i>l. 2; p. 1. May 22, UiC.l. 

Chosen Assistants, 
I'age 40. May 7, 1662. 

(Miosen Assistant, 
I'age 71. May 27, 1()6;5. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Pa,iz:c 60. ^lay 18, 1664. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Paiic 142. May ;i, 1665. 

(Chosen Assistant, 
Page 204. May 2:5. 1666. 

Cliosen Assistant, 
Pago 330. :\Iay l-",, 1667. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 363. .\i)ni 20, 1668. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 417. May 10, 1669. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 448. May 11, 1670' 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 484. May 31, 1671. 

Cliosen Assistant, 
Page 5<i6. May 15, 1672. 

Cliosen Assistant. 
Page 550. May 7, 1078. 

Chosen Assistant. 
Vol. 5: p. 1. May 27, 1674. 

Cliosen Assistant, 
Page 27. May 12, 1675. 

Chosen Assistant, 


Ma.iok SyxMon Willakd. 

Symon Willakd. 

Symon Willakd. 

ISyimcn Willakd. 

Symon Willakd. 

Symon Willakd. 

SvMoN Willakd. 

Symon Willakd. 

Sy'mon Willakd. 
Sy.mon Willlakd, Esq. 
Symon Willakd. 
Symon Wii,lakd. 
Symon Willakd. 
Symon Willakd. 

Offick of the Secketaky. 

Boston, June 18, ISOO. 

( — ^'--^ 1 I certify the fore^oino; citations to be true ah- 
- Seal. - stniets from the liecords of the Mass. ]>a_y. 
( — , ) Witness the Seal of the Coninionweaith. 

Wm. M. Olin, Secretary. 


From the earliest ree»»rds of this name in Salem, ami fnuii 
subsequent letters and deeds of this line, we find that the name 
was at first spelled Peal. Even as late as 1751 the name was 
continued to be spelled in the same manner ; but early in the 
years just preceeding the revolution I find that some members 
of the family changed the letter A to E, thus making the name 
spelled Peel ; and among the latest signatures in the early part 
of the eighteenth century I find an additional E had l)een 
added to the name, making it read in this generation Peel, 
thouirh from all the earliest records of the family I am inclined 
to judge that the Peele's of Salem, like many others, indulged 
in an addition or change of letters. 

Among the earliest records we find : 

Geok(!E Peal, b. 1644, Salem, Mass., 

Geokge Peal, Jr , b. .Jamiiiry 2, 1673; m. Abiiiail Augur .July 

28, 1695. Their children were five sons and three daujsrhters. 

Georg<', the eldest, died ,luly 11, ITS."). 


JdNAiuAX PicAt. (third chil<l of George and Abigail) boi'u 
December It'.. ITui!; married Sarah Willanl July 28, 1727; 
died January 1, 1782. Mrs. Sarah Willard Peele was born in 
Salem, Mass., Fel). 18, 1701-5 ; she was the daughter of Jacob 
Willai-(| and Sarah Flint; granddaughter of Ilev. Simon 
Willard and Martha Jacobs; great granddaughter of Major 
Simon Willai-d, so renowned in colonial history. Mrs. Sarah 
Willard Peal died at the early age of thirty-one years, leaving 
three daughters and one son, Jonathan Peal, -Ir. 

208 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Volo'ny. 


Jonathan Pkal Jk., sou of Jonathan Peal and Sarah 
WiHanl, horn. Fast Day nii^ht, Juiy 17, 1731 ; died Octoher (5, 
1809. Jonathan Peal, Jr., was a prominent active business 
man in the town of Salem. lie was early enwao-ed in its 
shipping interests, and hnilr and owihhI many vessels. lie was 
a staunch patriot and a generons supported to the interests of 
the colony in the advancement of Iibert3^ 

October 10, 1775. Johathan Peele, Jr., (as he now signed 
his name) was elected a member of the committee of Saff;ty. 
Tiie trust conferred in the selection of this committee by the 
Provincial Con ogress, was verv o-reat, and much of the success 
of the revolution depended upon their assistance. Too old for 
active service he did not hesitate, however, when on August 4, 
1778, an appeal was made for volunteers to tlse defense of 
Rhode Ishintl, under Major Gen. Sullivan, to enlist in a com- 
]mny being organized under Col. Pickering at Salem, JMass. 
This was at the time of the British attack, their force being 
6, 000, which were repulsed l)y the Americans. This company 
from Salem consisted of 52 men, under command of Col_ 
Pickering, and was composed of men from the very best 
families of Salem. A list of the names, in the handwriting of 
George Williams, brothei'-in law to Col. Pickering, is headed 
" List of the Volunteer Company from Salem, Mass." ; among 
the names in the list is that of Jonathan Peele, Jr., and Robert 
Peele. (Vol. 1 and 2 p. iM) II. C. E. I.) Jonathan Peele, Jr., 
was largely interested in the West Indies trade, as als(j in the 
ijeneral advauceuient of his town until a verv advanced aire. 

November 26, 1792. " The town relinquish their dock to 
Jonathan Peele, Jr., Samuel Ward, and others, if they have an 
established one built in three years. 


Jonathan I'eele, Junr, b(»rn July 17, 1721, died October 6^ 
1809, mai-ried August 5, 1750, Margaret Mason, [sister of 

Pede. 209 

7'/ioina/<^ Jonathan, and AhatjaU Mason) lioiii Deceniljcr 24, 
1728, died Dcembcr 20, 1814. 

Tlll'.Ilv" C^IIII.DIJKN. 

Sarah, born July 25, 1751. tlicd Jiiii. Ul, IRIO; in. Ciipt. Daniel 

Saunders, Sept. J), ITG'J. 
jMargkhet, born August 10, 1753. 

Jonathan, born Sept. 4, 17G0, lost at sea, Sept. 8, 1775. 
Abagah,, born Xctvcinbcr 1, 1767, died Sept. 17, 1834. 
WiLi.AUi), born ]>ioveniber 30, 1773. H. C. 


Sarah Pkici.k. l)oni July 15, 1751, dangliter of Joiiatlian 
Peele and Margaret Mason, was married September 0, 1700, to 
Caj)tain Daniel Saunders, son of Pliilii) Sanders and Mary 
Elkins. Sarah Peele Saunders, died, January, ISIO, leaving 
the ffdlowing children. 

Thkir Ciiii.i»hf:n. 

IIenuy S.\unders, burn, June 21, 1770, died May IS, 1835. 
Daniki, Saundkrs Junr, born, Manli 4. 1773, ni. Ocl. 11, 1704, 

Sarah Gill. 
Philip Saunders, born. May 15, 1774. Lost at sea. 
Sarah Saunders, bcn-n, July 24, 1779, died, July IG, 1795, age 17. 
Jonathan Peei.e Saindkhs, 1)orn July G, 1785, in. Dec. 28, 1811, 

Mai'}' Adams. 

Office of thk i)v\\ Va.vmk. 

June 5, 1890. 

I. .1. Olifford Entwistle, clerk of the City of Salem, do here- 
by certify that it appears on the i-ecords in this ofhct>, that one 
Juiiatlian Peele, dr., was clio.sen one of tliii'ty, as a (Join in it tee of 

210 Founder's of Massachusetts lin;/ Colony. 

Safety, and corres[)()ndence, and tliat the foUowinf;' extract is a 
trnc copv of sneli record. 

" The town met by ud jouriinieiit, Monday, Oct. IG, 1775. 
" Voted to chiise a committee of safety and correspondence. 
"Voted that this committee consist of thirty* persons. 
" Voted severally for this committee, Jonathan Peele junr. 
" Voted that nine of the committee be a cj[uornm. 
" Voted that this meeting be adjourned to Thursday next at eleven 
o'clock in the forenoon.." 

I. J. Clifford Entwistle, clerk of the city of Salem ; do 
hereby certify that the ahove extract is a true co]>y of the 
records of this otHee. 

Attest. J. Clifford Entwistle, City Clerk. 


Geor(;e Leal, l)orn ir;44, Salem, Mass., father of 
George Peal, born 1<!73, Salem, Mi\s9.,, father- of 
Jonathan Peal, born 1702, Salem, Mwss., father (f 
Jonathan Peal, Jr., born ITol, Salem, Mass.,/'rt?^Aer of 
Sarah Peal (Peele) born 1751, Salem, Mass., vnfe of 
Captain Daniel Saunders, born ] 74-1, Salem, Mass., 

father of 
Captain Henry Saunders, born 1770, Salem, Mass., 

father of 
Philip IIenry Saunders, born ISOO, Salem, Mass .^father (f 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, born ISiS, Salem, Mass., '^^«/<3 of 
Captain David Smith, U. S. N., born, Prichen, Scotland, 

\^Z^, father of 
Helen Saunders Smith, born Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Byers Smith, Itorn Mar. 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, born Oct. IG, 1884. 


The Sliillaher family, tlujuu'li not <>f tlie earliest settlers of 
the Massachusetts colony, were among the most prominent and 
active business men in the early part of the seventeenth 
century. John Shillal)er, with wife Blanch, is supposed to 
have come to Salem. Mass., about the year 1600. Three (3) 
children were born to tliem in England ; Blanch, Walter, and 
John, and later a son \Villiam, born in America, KilM) 
Between the years 1680-S there was much disturbance in Eng- 
land on account of religious dirt'erences, and it was during this 
time that the rebellion of the Duke of Mt)nm()iith occurred in 
which Devonshire took a large part; the participants of which 
were pursued relentlessly, and thousands Hed or were banished 
the countr}'. It appears that Devonshire was the early home 
of the Shillaber's. Green says : "' Tlie farmers and traders of 
Devonshire and Dorset flocked to liis standard (John Shillaber) 
on account of iiis puritanical religious belief." Among the 
names familiar to the New England colony, bainshed to Barba- 
dos for higli treason during this rebellion, Sept. 25, 1085, were: 

Williiini Phippijii, from Devonshire of High Church. 

William Smith of l^)ad, 

Tliomiis Iloare, 

Mather Porter, 

Williiim Sanders, 

Samuel Lawrence, 

John Adams, 

Samuel Weaver. 

John Gill, 

Wm. Browne, 

Thomas Marshall, 

fldward Marsji, and possihly Joliii Shillaber, (since he was in Bar- 
bados about that time) thougli 1 do not lind ins name 
menti<jned among tlieni. 

212 Foundem of MassaehiisetU Pxaj Colony. 

John 81iill;il)or eiitei'cd ut once into active l)nsiness life, lie 
fonn<l Salem the lioiirishini;; county town of the province, 
Oct. 4, 1727, John Shllhiber purchased of Mr. Nathaniel 
Ropes, and wife Al)igail, for £160 his dwelling- house, built the 
ye;ir ])revious upon the spot where Samuel Hall, the printer, 
liad formerly lived. This was on Essex street, coiner of 
Washington, and described in the deed as follows : " Dwelling 
house and IGp of land, bd west l)y School street; 3p Oft 2in 
north, on ye new lane; Ip 14ft 5in east, by his own land ; 3p 
(Itt Din south, ])y d d ; 4p 14ft 5in, the right of comnionedge 
only excepted. This estate of two houses owned by the 
Shillaber''s was upon what is now corner of Washington and 
Clnirch street. John Shillaber became a merchant, impoi-ting 
largely and investing and speculating .in renl estate, lie was 
interested with John Saunders at Kensington and Portsmouth, 
where his gi-andson's, Joseph and Jonathan, settled, from who 
descended one of Americas modern writers, Benjamin 1*. 
Shillaber, or "Mrs. Partington" as he was called thi'ough his 
nom de plume. 

JouN SiiiiJ.AiuiR, senior, as also his son William were among 
the organizers, together with Philip English and Philip San- 
ders of St. Peter's church. Thev were generous contributors 
and supportei's of the church until the removal of the family 
to Danvers and the death of John Shillaber. senior, which oc- 
curred about the year 1754. 


William Siiillaker, son of John Shillaber and wife Blanch, 
born about the year, 1690, died 1756. lie was married twice ; 
first, to Lydia P^oster, Sept. 9, 1725. She died 1729; second, 
he married Sarah Proctor Hutchinson, widow of Robert 
Hutchinson and daughter of Thorndike Proctor. 

17o8. William Siiillaukh bought of William and John Trask, 
the consideration paid being £403, a certain tract or parcel of land 
scituate in Salem aforesaid ; the first piece containing eleven 

Slullnher. 213 

ut-rc'S Hiid one limuiiTd iiml iInc pdlcs df plow land pasture aiid 
mowing land, buuiided as follows, vis, beginning at Tucker's 
nortii east corner of the lane, thence running south sixty -eight de- 
grees, thirty minutes, west thirteen pole and lil'teen links, hutting 
on Tucker's land. iIkii running south fifty-four degrees and lilty 
minutes, west nine poles and ten links on T\icker's land, then run- 
ning south forty-one degrees, east nine poles and thirte(!U links 
butting on Tucker's land, then running north sixty seven degrees, 
ten minutes, east thirteen poles and sixteen links hulling cm 
Tucker's land, thence running south thirty one degrees and live 
minutes, east twelve pole and ten links, then running south 
eleven degrees and thirty miinites, east thirty-seven pole and two 
links butting on these two lines, on other land of the said John 
Trask, dec'd, then ruiuung west thirty degrees, north twenty-two 
poles, eighteen links, then running nortli twenty two degrees and 
twenty minutes, west ten poles and twenty-two links, butting on 
these two lines on the common great jjasture, then running north 
twelve degrees east nineteen pole, nineteen links, butting on laud 
of Hdward Trask, dec'd, then rutming north seventy-three degrees 
and twenty inin\ites, west eighteen pole and nineteen links, but- 
tiuii on Edward's land, then running north seventeen degrees and 
ten minutes, cast fourteen pole and fourteen links, butting on 
Uobert Hill's land, then running twenty-four degrees and fifty 
minutes, west thirty three poles and fifteen links, butting on 
tiamuel Aborn's land, then running south sixty-seven degrees and 
ten minutes, cast sixteen pole, nine links and a half, butting on 
John Southwick's land, then running north sixty-seven degrees 
and twenty minutes, cast twenty four poles to the same, butting 
on sd Southwick's land, then running south twelve degrees and 
thirty minutes, east three pole and twenty-two links to Tucker's 
corner, Avliich line runs over the said Tucker's fence, as it now 
stands. The second piece, containing ten acres of woodland, called 
Follett's, bounded as follows, vis, beginning at a stake and stones 
at a high rock, which is also Follett's and Boyce's bouml, thence 
running east two degrees and ten minutes, south thirty -one pole, 
ioining southerly on Hoycc's land, then nuining south thirty-four 
tlegrces and thirty nunulcs, east twelve feet, six inches on said 
Boyce's land, then running nortli thirty-four degrees and thirty 
minutes, east thirty-nine pole, eleven feet and six inches, butting 
on land of Ezckial Goldthwait, then running north lifty-eight de- 
grees, west thirty-five pole and twelve feet to Follett's line, but- 
ting on other land of the said John Trask, dec'd, then running 
south thirty-three degrees and fifty minutes, west seventeen pole 
to a high njck, which is Follett's, bound thence south luneteen de- 
grees and five minutes, west thirty-nine pole to the stake and 
stones first nuntioned, wiih thr privileges and appuruiianees to 

214 Foiinders of MasiiaohutieU.'< Bay Colony. 

Mic prciiiiscs ])t'l()nging, to liavc and to hold, Arc , A;c., the said 
^Villialll ShillabtT, liis heirs, vVc, &c. 


Wm. Tuask, 

John Tkask. 

This was tlie property on the niaiii Boston road between tlie 

hiiryini;; ij^romid at Daiivers down to Piitimm's corner, or near 

it, including the mill property, coumionly called " Trask's 


1740, April 39. " John Chapman conveyed to William Shilla- 
ber one full right or share in the Common lands of Salem, bound- 
ed and undivided, the tirst portion lying in the great pasture, and 
the second on stony plains so called." 

William Shillaber continued to amas property until his death, 
which occurred in 175(1 

April '20, 1757. An inventory of his estate is submitted to lion. 
John Chote, Escj'r, judge of Probate of Wills, l)y the following 
conunittce appointed by the court, vis : 


Benj. Prescott, Jun'k, | CoDnniftee. 
Dan'l King, ] 

Benj. Goodhue. J 

The inventory reads os follows: 

" Danveks, April 20, 17.57. To the lion. John Chote, judge 
for probate of wills, in the county of Esse.x, Sir ; 

Agreeable to your direction of the 11th inst., we have taken a 
careful view of the real estate of Mr. William SluUaber, late of 
Salem, deceased, and have divided it in the best manner we could, 
which is as follows, vis : 

We have set off to the widow, Sarah Sliillaber, for her thirds, 
or right of dowry, the westward part of the homestead ; four 
poles, one foot and a half upon the street, and keeping the same 
width through the lot, the line running through the house at the 
jiartition on the east side of the west room, with all the buildings 
thereon, except half the barn, which is reserved for No. 1, to- 
gether with the privileges of the improvement of the shop and 
convenient passage into her cellar through that part of the cellar 
set off to No. 1 during her pleasure : also two thirds of a mansion 
house and about twenty poles of land adjoining situate in Salem, 
adjoining to Mr. Thorndike Proctor's land, the other third being 
under the improvement of the widow, Sarah Proctor, late Hutch- 
inson, as part of her thirds of the estate of her former husband, 

Shillaher. 215 

Mr. Kohtrt llulcliiiisoii, of Sak-iu, dt'ceased ; also one hall' of the 
interest in Trasl<'s mills (so called), in Dan vers, being- one-sixlh 
part of the whiilc mills, also about twenty-seven acres of l.uid in 
Salem, upon the road leading to Boston, being the southerly 
part of a track of land, lately in the improvement of David Boyce, 
junior, bounded westerly, partly upon Boston road and partly on 
one acre of land, set olT with the buildings to No. 9, northerly 
upon land set off to No. S, about ninety-seven poles easterly on 
the sheep pasture (so called) about thirty poles and southerly on 
hind of David Boyce, Junior, one hundred and nine poles ; two 
acres of land l)y the burying place in Dauvers, inclosed by itself 
with stone wall and the mill pond; about two acres of land in 
the southeasterly part of the glass house field (so called) in iSalem, 
inclosed also with stone wall and half a common right in the com- 
mon lands of Salem. The remaining two thirds we have divided 
as follows, vis : To No. 1, of the homestead, thirty-one feet front, 
and holding the same width through the lot, except the laud cov- 
ered by the old part of the house and half a pole wide to the 
northward of said old house; and one-half the barn that stands 
upon the widow's thirds, being the northerly half, reserving tlu; 
privilege conveyed as on the other side to the widow, of the im- 
l)rovement of the shop, and a convenient way in her cellar, with 
all buildings standing upon the premises. 

To No. 2, of the homestead, six poles front, tive jjoles, ten feet 
rear, and a piece excepted as above out of No. 1, with all build- 
ings thereon. 

To No. 3, about four acres at the northerly part of Boyce's 
place (so called), adjoining to John Buxton's land, eight poles up- 
on Boston road and running l)ack to the sheep pasture on a paral- 
lel line with Buxton's line, seven acres and three-quarters of land 
by Roger Derby's huul, inclosed by itself; half a common right, 
and two small pieces of wood land in Lynn, containing a])out 
three acres and a half. 

To No. 4, about four acres at Boyce's, eight poles upon Boston 
road and running to the sheep pasture by a line parallel to the 
south line of No. 8. nine acres of upland and meadow by Thorn - 
dike Very's. of the homestead fcuir poles, twelve feet front and 
rear next the common, and oni' (piartcr part of a conunon right. 

To No. 5. Four acres at Boyce's, eight poles upon Boston 
road and running to the sheep pasture by a line parallel to the 
south line of No 4 ; ten acres of woodland in iiynn, described l)y 
deed ; one-half the interest in the mills, callid Tiasks mills, being 
one-sixth part of the whole mills, and half a <dnimun I'ight. 

To No. t). Four ac-rcs or thcrt'al)outs at Boyce's, eight poles 
upon Boston road and running back to the sheep pasture by a line 

210 Founders of Massadhxisetts Bay Colony. 

l)aiallfl to llic soul li linu of No. 5. Two acn'cs of orchard in the 
nortli field (so called) in Danvers, and five of ui)land in said lidd 
with one eonnnon rii;hl. 

To No. 7. About four acres of land at Boyce's, eight poles up- 
on Boston road, and running back to the sheep pasture by a line 
I)arallel to the south line of No. 6, and about seven acres of land 
in the glass house field (so called) in Salem, bounded southea.sterly 
on land set olT to the widow, northwesterly on land set off to No. 
8 from Samuel zYborn's northeast corner of Edward Tucker's south- 
west corner, being about fifteen poles. 

To No. S. Al)out four acres of land at Boyce's, eight poles up- 
on Boston road and running back to the siieep pasture by a line 
parallel to the south side of No. 7, about two acres of land and a 
half l)ring tiie northerly part of the glass liouse field, and adjoins 
so>ithe<isterly about fifteen poles on the northwesterly line of land 
in said field set off to No. 7, and four and a (piarter conunon 

To No. 9. The house, barn and well and one acre of land ad- 
joining where David Boyce now dwells ; the land lying ui)on 
Boston road sixteen poles and running back ten poles, all right- 
angles. The above division of Boyce's jdace are bounded by 
stakes and stones, and tlie several members are to I'vi'ii their pro- 
portional parts of the fences and to go through each others land, 
as they shall have occasion, not to do any unnecessary damage. 
The widow also to have her proportional advantage of going 
through the above parts of the estate as above. 


TiMO. PlClvEKlNC, I 

Bkn.ia. Puescott, .Itn'h, \ ('(nnmitlcc. 
Dan'i, KlNf!, I 

Ben.ia. (Ioodiiue. J 

Essex ss. May 2, 1757. This return of the division of Mr. Wil- 
liam Shillaber's real estate, late of Salem, deceased, being pre- 
sented, is allowed and accepted ; and the third therein set oflf to 
his widow, j\Irs. Sarah Shillaber, is confirmed to her dui-ing her 
natural life, and the other two thirds as divided, I assign to and 
among the said deceased's children and their heirs, as followeth, 
vis : To 'William Shillaber, the eldest son, share first and third to 
him and his heirs, as his double portion in said two thirds to Rob- 
ert Shillaber and his hears. No. 8 ; to Samuel Shillaljca- and his 
heirs. No. ;"> ; to Lydia Shillaber, alias Proctor, and lier heirs, No. 
G; to SaraJi Shillaber and her heirs. No. 7 ; to Eli/.abetii Shil- 
laberand her heirs. No. 4; to Hannah Shillabci- and her heirs. No. 



(yeu,».^ ^aM,f'j>^^<^. OOth^^/Zl... 

Shillaher. 217 

2; ami No. 9 to Benjamin Sliillabrr and his licirs. And this is to 
be recorded as a linal seltienient of the two-tiiirds of said estate. 

John Ciioti:, J. Probate. 
A true copy of record. 

Attest, Daniel Noyes, Keg'r. 

Tliis division of the juoporty reinained intact until the death 
of tlie widow, wlicii liobert Shilhilief l)()Uii,-ht from the heirs her 
undivided tliirds. 


The children of Williaui IShillaber and Sarah Hutchinson, 
married about 1730-2 were 

1. WiT.T.iAM SiTiLT.ARKK, b. 1783-4, ui. Sarah Tucker. 

2. Koi5kutSmii,i,.m!kk, 1). May 20, 173G, m. Elizabeth Proctor, 

Nov. 30, 1758, died, June 20, 1808, ag. 72. 

3. Samuel Shillahkk, b. 1738, became a sea captain, died 1800, 

leaving one son, El)enezer, a merchant of Salem, Mass., for 
wliom P^ben, the Banker, was named. 

4. Sarah, b. Dec. 28, 1739, m. Major Caleb Low : she died Dec. 

28, 1815. 

5. Lydi.v, m. I'roetor. 

6. Ei.izAm:TU, m. William Grey. 

7. Hannah, m. Samuel Peters. 

8. Ben.iamin, who l)ecame a sea captain, d. Aug. Ifi, 1823, 

ag. 07-9. 

Of the above family, William iShillaber and Robert Shil- 
laber, as also their brother-indaw, Major Caleb Low, were 
staunch patriots at the breaking out of tlie war of the Revolu- 
tion, and continued to assist in different capacities, to the in- 
dependence of their country. 

William Shillauek, as also his brothers, Robert and Samuel 
in early life, l)ecame mariners and attained tlie j)osition of 
Captains in the Merchant Marine service. Robert Shillaber 
later in life became a merchant and trader with the adjoining 
cnliiiiicis to a large degree, owning their own ships, and export- 
ing the products of the country, receiving in return the manu- 
factur(!(l (rf)ods of Knirland and France for the use of the 

218 Founders of Ifcu.mchu.-ietis Bay Colony. 

colonists, and i)rorits to the owiku's of sneli enter]>riscs. Uut 
from tlie ijiti-oduction of the stuinj) act in 1705, its repeal in 
1766, the additional tax uj3on tea in 1770, and the uprising of 
tlie colonists in 1772 in its opposition and determination to 
either overthrow the tea or the government itself, shipping 
was taken with groat risks, and uncertainties. 

In 1772 by a Royal regulation, provision was made for the 
support of the Governor and Judges of Massachusetts out of 
the revenue of the jirovince, independent of any action of the 
colonial assemblies. This measure the colonial assembly de- 
clared to be an, "Infraction of the rights of the inhabitants 
granted by the royal charter." 

Though patriotic and loyal to a very great degree, the 
colonists determined not to submit to what they considered an 
infringement upon their rights, in the unjust acts of parliament 
"of continual oppression of taxation without representation."' 

The country at this time was in an alarming state ; there 
were uprisings and bloodslied at the slightest provocation. 

In 1774 "a convention was called by the inhabitants of Essex 
county, to meet at Ipswich the 6th and 7th day of Sept., 1771:, 
to determine upon some action in relation to the existing laws 
of taxation and the infringement upon the rights of their charter 
and to the self protection of the colonists, through the forma- 
tion of committees of safety, and other resolutions. The dift'erent 
sections of Essex county were repi-esented l)y the following 
gentlemen : 

Danvers was rfpresented by Cai-taix Shillauku and ])r. 
Saimiel Holton. 

Salisbury, l)y Colonel Samuel Smith, (before mentioned,) Mr. 
Natlianiel Currier and Mr. Ileury Eaton. 

Almesbury, by Mr. Wintlirop Merrill and Mr. Caleb Pillsbury. 

Wenbam, by Mr. Benjamin Fairfield, Capt. Jaeob Dodge and Dr. 
Tyler Porter. 

Salem, by Hon. Riehard Derl)yJr. , Capt. Richard Manning and 
Capt. Timothy Pickering .Ir. 

Ipswich, by Captain Michael Farh'y, Mr. .bilm Patch 3rd, Mr. Daniel 
Noyes, Mr. .Jonathan Cogswell and Mr. Nathaniel Farley. 

S/iUlaher. 219 

Newbury, liy lloii. Joseph Gfiiisli Hsij., ('a|)l:iiii Joseph Hale, Ciip- 

tain Moses Little and Samuel Gerrish, Esij. 
Xe\\iiury])()rt. by Captain Jonatiian (Jrccnlcar. Justain Dalton, Esq., 

3Ir. Stephen Cross and Mr. John liroonilield. 
Marblehead, by Jeremiah Neal, Esq., Azor Orne, Esq., Mr. Elbridge 

Gerry. Mr. Joshua Orne and Air. William Dolliver. 
Lynn, by Captain John Mansllcld and Mr. Daniel .Mansfield. 
Audover, by James Frye, Escj., ]\Ir. Josliua Holt and l\lr. Samuel 

Beverly, by Captain Benjandn Sweet, Mr. Sanuiel Goodridge and 

y\v. Joseph Wood. 
Rowley, by Mr. Nathaniel Mighill and Daniel Spaff(n-d, Esq, 
Haverhill, by Samuel White, Esq., Mr. Jonathan Webster, Mr. 

Isaac Heddington and Joseph Haynes. 
Glocester, by Daniel "Witham, Esq., Captain i'eter Cotilu, Mr. 

Samuel Whittimore, John Low, Esi]., and Mr. Solomen Pansons. 
Topstield, by Captain Samuel Snuth, Mr. John Gould and Mr. Enos 

Bradford, by Captain Daniel Thurston and Mr. Peter Russell. 
Manchester, by John Lee, Escj., Captain Andrew Masters and Mr. 

Andrew Wooilbury. 
Metheum, by Mr. John IJodwell and Mr. John Sergent. 
Boxford, by Captain Asa Perley, ]\lr. "J'homas Perley and Mr. 

Joseph Hovey. 
Middleton, by Ca])tain Arehelous Fuller, ]Mr. Ephriam Fuller and 

Doctor Silas Merriam. 

It was first voted that Jeremiah Lee be elic»seii chairinan. 
Several papers relating to the situation of piil)lic atl'airs were 
read, as also to the altering of the constitutions and laws 
intended by the late act of Parliauieiit for regidating the 
government of the ])rovince ; after consultation and debate 
thereon, a committee of niiu; persons were a})pointed to consider 
and report u[)(iii the same. 

The committee reported a number of resolves, which after 
being read, debated upon and amended were unamously 
accepted, the delegates, one by one, declaring their assent. 

The report is as follows : 

"The delegates api)ointe<l by the several towns in this 
county to meet together at this alarming crisis, to consider and 

220 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


determine on such measures as shall a})pear to l)e expedient fur 
the counti'j to adopt; deeply impressed Mitli a sense of the 
i'nportance of this delegation, of the abilities and gratitieations 
necessary for conducting our pnldic affairs with wisdoui and 
])rudence, hut with the hrmness and resolution becoming free- 
men with the respect and difference due to the sentiments of 
our bretheren in the other counties of the province, with sul)- 
mission to the future determinations of a i)rovincial assembly, 
and the decisions of the great American Congress, do in the 
name of the country make these resolves, vis: 

1st. That the several acts of Parliament, whieh infringe tiie 
just rights of the colonies, and of this province in particular, be- 
ing subjects of deliveration before the continental congress, ren- 
ders it expedient for this country to suspend after determinations 
respecting them, except so far as their immediate operations re- 
(piire immediate opposition. That the act of Parliament, entitled 
" An act for the better regulating the government of the province, 
aud destruction of our liberties," and having been with uncom- 
mon zeal with arbitrary exertions and military violence, attempted 
to be carried into execution ; and this zeal, these exertions, and 
this violence still continuing from the sacred regard, and the in- 
voilable attachment we do to those rights, which are essential to 
and distinguishes us as Englishmen and free men ; and from a ten- 
der concern for the peace of this country, we are bound to pursue 
all reasonable measures by which any attempts to enforce imme- 
diate obedience to that act may be defeated. 

2d. That the judges, justices and other civil officers in this 
country, appointed agreeably to the charter and the laws of the 
province, are the only civil officers in the cf)untry whom we may 
lawfully obej'. That no authority whatever can remove these 
officers, excei)t that which is contributeil pursuant to the charter 
and those laws ; that it is the duty of these olficers tocontiiuie in 
the execution of their respeciive trusts, as if the afore mentioned 
act of parliament had never been made ; and that while they thus 
continue, untainted by any official conduct in conformity to that 
act, we will vigorously support them therein to the utmost of our 
power, indemnify them in their persons and property and to their 
lawful yield a ready obedience. 

3uD. That all civil officers in the province as well as private 
persons, who shall dare to conduct in conformity to the afore 
mentioned act for violating the charter aud constitution of the 
province are and will be considered by this coinitry as its un- 
natural and malignant enemies, and in the opinion of this body. 

ShUlaher. 221 

such men, while they persist in sucii conduct, and so contribute 
to involve the colonies in all the horrors of a civil war, are unlit 
for civil society ; the lands ought not to be tilled by the labor of 
any American, nor their families supplieil with clothing or food." 
4tu. "The fourth resolve, which rcsi)ected Peter Frye, Esc}., 
was omitted by the ilirection of the delegates of Salem, Marble- 
head and Danvers, they opposing his frauk and generous de(;iara- 
tion inserted in the papers, would give full satisfaction to the 
country, and uiidera publication of this resolve, superMuous and 

5tii. "Tlial a coininil tec be raised to wait on William Browne, 
Esq., of Salem, and accpiaint him that with giief iiis country has 
viewed his exertions for carrying into execution, acts of parlia- 
ment, circulated to Enslave, and ruin his native land. That while 
the country would continue the respect for several years paid him, 
it lirndy resolves to dctacii from every future connection with all 
such as shall persist in supporting or in any way countenancing 
the late arbitrary edicts of parliament ; that the delegates in the 
name of the country, request him to excuse them from the pain- 
ful necessity of considering and treating him as an enemy to his 
country, and therefore that he would resign bis otlice as councellor 
on the late cstablisimient, and decline as a judge and in every 
other capacity, to execute the late acts of i)arliamcnt and all 
others deemed by the i)rovince unconstitutional and oppressive. 

0th. Thai in the opinion of this body all town meetings in this 
county ought to be called agreeably to tiie laws of the jjrovince, 
and the ancient usage of the country. 

7th. That it is the opinion of this body of delegates that a 
provincial government is absolutely necessary in our present un- 
happy situation ; and that as writs arc now issued for the election 
of rei>resentatives, for a general assembly, to be held at Salem on 
the oth day of Oct. next, the representatives so elected will i)rop- 
erly form such provincial congress. And it is furl her our opinion 
that these representatives should be instructed by their several 
towns to resolve themselves into ai)rovincial congress accordingly, 
if, when assembled, they shall deem it necessary or expedient ; in 
order to consult and determine on su(tii measures as they judge 
will tend to promote the true interest of his majesty, and the peace, 
welfare and prosperity of the province. 

8th. Deeply alfeeted with a sense of the miseries and calami- 
ties now imi)endiug over the colonies, and this province in partic- 
ular, we are compelled to form these resolutions; which as we 
api)rehend, beimr founded in justice and necessity, on the princi- 
ples of our natural, essential, and unalienal)le rights, we are deter- 
mined lo abide by it. At tlie same time, we frankly and withsiu- 
ccrity declare that we still Imld ourselves subjects of his Majesty 

222 Founders of Mai<sacTiusetts Uaij Colony. 

King' George the lliinl ; as sucli, will liear him true aliegiaiiee, 
and are ready with our lives and fortunes to support and defend 
his person, erown, and dignity, and his eoustitutional authority 
over us. But by tlie horrors of slavery, by the dignity and happi 
ness attending virtuous freeiloni, we are constrained to declare 
that we hold our liberties too dear to be sported with, and are 
tlierefore most seriously determined to defend them. This in the\ 
present dispute we conceive may be effected by peaceable means. 
But though above all things, slavery excepted, we dei)recate the 
evils of a civil war, though we are dee])ly anxious to restore and 
preserve harmony with our bretlieren in Great Britain, yet if tlic 
disposition and violence of our enemies should finally reduce us 
to the sad necessity, we undaunted, are ready to appeal to tlie last 
resort of states, and will, in supjiorl of our rights, encounter even 
death, " sensible, that he can never die too soon wlio lays down 
his life in support of the laws and liberties of his country." 

YoTED, "That Jereiiiiali Lee, Esq., Doctor Sani'l Iloltoii and 
Mr. Ell)iidi;e Gerry 1)e ;ippointecl a coiuraittee, to wait on the 
lion. William Brown, Ef^<jr., agreeable to the 5th resolve. 

Voted, ''That a coinniittee be chosen, to notify the nieinbers 
of this body, to assemble again when the}' shall think it neces- 
sary, and that the members from Salem, and Marblehead, l)e 
this committee : and that they or the major part of them, be 
and they are hereby empowered, to issue notifications accord- 

^ -^ ■ JonN Pickering, Jun'k., Clerk. 

Salem, Friday, Sept. 9, 1774. 
Jeremiah Lee, Es(p-., Doctor Samuel Bolton, and Mr. El- 
bridge Gerry waited on the Hon. William J>rowne, Estp-., at 
Boston, with the fifth resolve of the delegates of this county, 
and received the following answer: 

"Gentlemen :— I cannot consent to defeat his majesties inten- 
tions and disappoint his expectations by which he has been 
graciously pleased to api)oint me, an appointment made without 
my solicitation, and acc-epted by me, from a sense of duty to the 
King and the hopes of serving my country. I wish therefore to 
give him no cause to suspect ray fidelity, and I assure you I will 
do nothing without a true regard to its interests, "as a .judge and 
in every other capacity." 1 intend to act with honor and integrity 
and to exert my best abilities ; and be assured that neither persua- 

Shillaher. 223 

sion can alter iiu'. nor shall nii-naces coniijcl me to do anything 

(lerogcrty to the character of a councillor of his majesties province 

of Mass Bay." 

William Bkownk. 

Boston, Sept. 9, 1774. 

To Jeremiah Lee, Doc. Samuel Holton and Mr. Elliridge Gerry. 

TiiK Men AViio Formed This Convention At Ii'swuii, were 
the Representative Men of tlie townships; men who were 
not only themselves, inihiided with the sense of right and jus- 
tice, in the validity of their chai-ter, and all that it conveyed 
from the crown ; Ixit men descended from the same English 
hlood, and allied to it hy many ties of marriage, whose repre- 
sentatives in Parliment, were with jealousy and nnreason, by 
their very acts, forcing upon the cohmists, this sense of opposi- 
tion, Ci)ntained in these resolutions, and their determination to 
resent the oppression. 

Loyal they were, and Englishmen they were themselves, and 
by their inherited principles of right, and wrong, they deter- 
mined to resist. 

William Browne, the judge to whom this particular resolve 
was directed, was descended from one of the most influential, 
prosperous, and respected families of Salem. Descendant of 
William Browne the first, who was son-in-law to Samuel Smith 
the first, mentioned in history. 

The family, loyalists, and influential, had ever commanded 
the respect of their townsmen. Judge Browne, however, was 
but trying to carry out the principles of the recent acts of Par- 
liment, Avhich had so incensed the community, viz. 

Act passed March 25, 1774, " an act for the removal of the 
officers concerned in the collection and management of his 
Majesties duties, and customs from the town of Boston, in the 
province of Massachusetts Bay in North America, and to dis- 
continue the landing and discharging, loading and shi])ping of 
goods, wares, and merchandise, at the said town of Boston, or 
within the harbor thereof. 

Also the act of 28th May, 1774, "on the allegation that an 
executive power was wanting, in the province of Massachusetts 
and that it was highly necessary to strengthen the hands of its 

224. Foxinders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

niai^istracy, the Pi'iiue Minister proposed to brinu' in a bill, 
"authorising the Governor for the time being to aet as Justice 
of Peace, and empower him to appoint at his will and pleasure, 
the officers throughout the whole civil authority ; such as the 
J^rovost Marshal, and the Sheriffs, to which latter officers, was 
to be delegated the nomination of jurors, wlio formerly had 
been elected by the freemen of the several townships, in the 
province. There was also added to the 1)111 several instructions 
as regards the holding of pul)lic meetings in towns, etc., and 
the bill passed in Parliment, '2nd May, 1774, by vote of 239 to 
64. In the House of Lords, by a decision of 92 to 20. The 
majority of the Peers of the realm entered heartily into the 
views of the ministry as to the coersion of American colonies. 

15th Apr. 1774. "The British Priin-e Minister proposed a 
third bill which he liojied would effectually secure the province 
of Mass P)ay from future disturbances. The tenor of this bill 
which bore the plausal)le title " for the im]:>artial administration 
of justice" was that "in case of any ]>erson being indicted for 
murder or any other cajiitol offence, committed in the Province 
of Mass in aiding the nuigistrate, the Governor iniglit send the 
person so indicted to another colony or to Great Britian for 
trial." This last act even met with opposition from its own 
previous supporters, and Colonel Barre who had jireviously 
acfjuiesced in the proceeding laws of coercion said, "you may 
think that a law founded on this motion will l)e a protection to 
the soldier, who imbrues his liaiid in the blood of his fellow 
subjects, but I am mistaken if it will; wlio is to execute it ^ 
He must be a bold man indeed who will make the attempt." 
Again he said, "the peo]ile will not endure it; they would no 
longer deserve the rejMitation of being descended from the 
loins of Englishmen if they did endure it." Sucli was the bold 
language of an English soldier, who knew Amei-ica well." 
(History of American Revolution, published in London l)y the 
Society for tiie Diff'usion of Useful Knowledge, 1832.) 

77it(S-, hy these act^ of iKirliatnent^ was all business sus- 
pended in the ])i-ovince. Boston was to become a fortified 
town. Governor Gage appointed by the crown, arrived, 

Shillaher. 225 

folloM-ed liy tM-(t R'oinients of foot and other detacliments, in- 
vested with the riijjht of Governorship and Connnander-in-chief 
(if forces; he could administer oaths, appoint judges, council 
and jury, control all ports of entry and departure; to exercise 
unlimited authority, and in case of rehellion, to hy the last act 
of parliament, protect the emmisaries in any act of cruelty or 
misdemeanor in the enforcement of this law, by immediately 
sending them out of the country, for protection, even against 
the justice of a trial, hy judge and jury of his own impanelling. 

The commencement of the operation of the one act, the 
port act, caused property to depreciate to the lowest scale of 
value. Houses were deserted, warehouses were emptied and 
al)andoned, quays deserted and silence reigned in the ship yards, 
thousands of artificers wandered through the streets destitute. 
Contributions begun to pour in from the adjacent townships as 
soon as they realized the importance of the resolutions of the 
Ipswich convention, and like conventions were being held in 
the sister colonies. 

On 7 June, 1774, Governor Gage held a court at Salem, but 
finding out that the popular leaders were not prepared to carry 
out his intentions, he immediately dissolved it; ordering it 
again to convene on October 5. In the meantime the colonist 
had decided that though resistance might mean death, that death 
was preferable to the surrender of all their charter rights and 
colonial independance ; and the convention was called with the 
result before mentioned. This action so alarmed the Governor 
in its bold action of the countries resolve, that he issued a 
proclamation in language which ratlier incensed tlusn conciliated 
his subjects. 

Province of Mass. Bay. 



"Whereas, on tlie finst day of Septemlxi- I ilii>iiulit, lit to issue 
writs for calling a Great and General Court 1o be convened, or 
held at Salem, County Essex, on the fifth day of Ocloher, and, 
whereas, from tiie many tumults and disorders wliicii iiavc since 
taken place, the extraordinary resolves which liave been passed 
in many fif tlie counties, the instruetions given by tlie town of 

22 C) Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colo'iiy. 

Boston and somo other towns to their representatives, and tlie 
present disonlercil and unliappy state of tlie province, it appears 
to nie highly inexpedient that a Great and General Court should 
be convened at tlie time aforesaid, but that a session at some more 
distant day will best tend to promote his majesties service and the 
good of the province. I have, therefore, thought tit to declare 
my intention not to meet the said General Court at Salem on the 
fifth da}- of October next. And I do hereby excuse and discharge 
all such persons as may or have been elected, and deputed re- 
presentatives to serve at the same from giving their attendance. 
Anything in the aforesaid writs contained, to the contrary not- 
withstanding, whereof all concerned are to take notice and gov- 
ern themselves accordingly. 

Given ai Boston 28th day September, 1774. in the 14th year of 
the reign of our sovereign lord, George III, by tne grace of God 
of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King defender of the faith. 

Thomas Gacje. 

Notwithstanding this proclamation ninety of the representa- 
tives were present at Salem ori Wednesday, Oct. 5, 1774. With 
cautious courtesy they waited during the day the attendance of 
the Governor, to administer the usual oaths. When it became 
certain that his presence could no longer be expected, they 
organized in a convention on Thursday. The Hon. John Han- 
cock was chosen chairman and Benjamin Lincoln, Escp, clerk. 
Hon. Samuel Smith represented the town of Salisbury, Dr. 
Samuel Holton, Danvers, and Mr. John Pickering and Mr. 
Jonathan Hopes, Salem. They resolved themselves into a con- 
vention, censured the Governor's conduct as unconstitutional 
and considered his proclamation as a further proof not only of 
his Excellency's disaffectation toward the province, but of tlie 
necessity of its most vigorous and immediate exertions for pre- 
serving the freedom and constitution. Upon a motion made 
and seconded it was voted : 


" That the iiuuibrrx (Jo /lo/r /■r.soh'i tJiemxeliX'x into (, PnoviNciAi, 
Congress, to be joined by such otlier persons as have been or shall 
be chosen for that puri)ose, to take into consideration the danger- 
ous and alarming situation of public affairs in this province, and to 
consult and determine on sucli means as they shall judge will tend 
to promote the true interests of liis Majesty, and the peace, wel- 
fare and prosperit}" of tiie province. 

Benjamin Lincoln, G'er/,:. 

ShiUaher. 227 

Even in this hold resolve they declare themselves subjects of 
the Crown, and were seekinj^ for the peace, welfare and pros- 
j)erity of the ))rovince. I scarcely thiidc had the snhject of in- 
dependence been approached, that their stout hearts and strong 
nerves could at that time have dared a resistance, and a total 
rupture of their filial affection to their mother country. One of 
the most important acts of this Provincial Congress, which act 
is observed unto this day, was that issued Oct. 23, 1774, viz: 
"The Provincial Congress ordered th:it Mr. Ap[)leton, Dr. 
Foster and Mr. Dcvans be a committee to agree with Messrs. 
Edes and Gill to print the resolve entered into by this congress 
recommending the inhabitants of this province to observe a day 
of Public Thanksgiving, and that they send a copy to all re- 
ligious assemblies therein." 

This conurress immediately ori>:anized themselves into com- 
mittees ; gave orders for the organization of militia for self 
protection of their province; organized committees of safety; 
a committee of supplies was formed, with orders to expend the 
sum of £15,000 sterling if necessary in pi'ovisions, military ac- 
couterments and stores ; which were accordingly provided 
and deposited at Worcester and Concord. Moreover, it was 
contemplated that the British, should be repelled if they at- 
tempted to march beyond Boston Neck, where the Governor 
had fortified himself. By these measures the Provincial Con- 
gress had hoped, that the home government would repeal the 
obnoxious acts, and peace and prosperity reign in the colony 
again ; but a cry almost unanimous v/as raised throughout Eng- 
land against thenj, and it was decided, that they must be re- 
duced to coercion. Willinm Shillaber, a delegate to this con- 
gress, was also chairman of the committee of safety, and gen- 
erously did he contribute to his suffering country ; it is said he 
was ever ready with a generous contriljutioii, though he saw 
his large fortune fast disappearing, in his disasterous shipping 
ventures, and his continual aid t(t the colony. 

Samuel Smith of Salisbui-y, was an important aid to the 
(•oDgi'css, and his family were represented by many menibei-s 
in thi'ii- ctlicient service during the folhnving years as otlicers 

228 Founders of Massachusetts Ij<ii/ Colony. 

ill tlic TuivoIutiuiKiry Army. Tlioiigli thr()iii;li the assenil)ly of 
the Provincial congress, means were providetl l)y private con- 
tril)iition, aiul every effort m:ule for a determined resistance, to 
the J'ritish acts of unjustice, it was not until the memorable 
11> of April, 1775, wlien Governor Gage ordered from his gar- 
rison SOU })icked men, under the command of Lieut. Colonel 
Smith, to proceed to Lexington and Concord, and seize the 
powder and stores of the insurgeants, that the lirst blow for the 
independence of America was given, though two months pre- 
vious, the men at Salem, without bloodshed, repelled the first 
hostile movement of Colonel Leslie and obliued him to return 
to his headquarters at Marl)lehead. The towns of Salem and 
Danvers were foremost in their fervor and substantial assist mce 
toward a common loyalty in support of the universal resistance 
to the arbitrary acts of the J5ritish Government. As early as 
1705, in a town meeting in Danvers, it was resolved, "that the 
inhabitants were greatly incensed by the burdens attempted to 
be imposed upon them, and were ready to I'esist to the utmost." 
In 17^)8, the delegate from Danvers to the convention at 
Fanueil Hall, was instructed "to look well to the rights of the 
peoj>le." Danvers as represented by Capt. William Shillaber 
and Doctor Hoi ton at the convention at I})swich, Sept. 6, and 
7, 1774, and was foremost in its support for a demand for the 
Provincial Congress, and during the time between this con- 
vention, and the 19 Apr., 1775, Danvers was again foremost 
in its organization of the minute men, and their equipment. 
Capt. William Shillaber was chairman of the Commtttee of 
Safety for Danvers and Jonathan Peele Jr., occu})ied the same 
position in i-elation to Salem ; and each l)y their encouragement 
and assistance, assisted in every way in the prejieration for 

Eight companies of militia were organized and olficered. 
Three of these belonged to the Essex regiment, commanded 
by Col. Thomas Pickering of Salem, commanded res])ectively 
by Capt. Samuel Flint, Ca])tain Samuel Ep[)es and the third by 
Captain Samuel Page. 

Sh'illuhir. 229 

A company of iiiimite lucii Fioin J);uivers Port was coin- 
inaiided hy Israel llutrliiiisoii, aiiotlicr from Daiivers Cciiti'c by 
Caj)taiii Asa Prince. 

Three companies, one commaiuled by Julin Putman, an(jtlier 
by Edmund Putnian, and tlie third by Capt. Caleb Low a 
brother-in-law to both Capt. Wirj,i.\M and Cai't. Pouiarr 
SiiiLLABER, were frt)ni the south parish, or what is now called 
Peabody. These two former companies were composed of 
older men, who had seen service, some of tliem with Pei)perill 
at Louisberiij ; and the third company, commanded by Captain 
Caleb Low, of twenty-three officers and men, was composed 
mostly of his friends and brothers-in-law, William and liobcrt 
IShillal)ei". The home of the Shillabers was on Boston street, 
William's home was on the site of the Caller lionse, and 
liobert's and Captain Low's near by. Their ])rincipal parading 
ground was on the Main street, and it was on the Main street 
near by the Big Elm Tree that Captain Caleb Low's company 
fell into raid<s the 19 Apr. 1775. Old men and young, gentle- 
men and artizans, side by side. A few minutes oidy, after the 
bell of the meetino; house had tolled out the solemn warninjj; 
brought by the swift winged messenger, " that the British 
were marching on Concord," they too marched with swift and 
determined air, up the main ]>oston Road, until they halted for 
a short time at Washington street ; but receiving orders from 
Col. Pickering to proceed without waiting for the other com- 
panies, and in haste, almost on a run; without paying much 
attention to rank and file, these brave men hurried over their 
long and tiresome road until they arrived at Medford, when 
quenching their thirst they again started for the scene of 
assault. They reached Arlington at two o'clock — having made 
the distance of sixteen miles in foui- hours. They were in the 
line of the British retreat and bitterly assailed them on all 
sides, and they themselves were assailed in return. The loss to 
Danvers were seven killed, two wounded and one missing. 
Tlic lost to tlie surrouiidiiiij:: towns iiiclu(lin<; men from Lexinij- 
tun, Danvers, Menotomy, Sudbury, (^oncord, 13edford, Danvers, 
Salem, Brookline, Cand)ridge and Medford, were 41 killed, 19 


Found er'x of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

wouiided and 2 missing. 

The British h)ss was 05 killed, ISO 

wounded and 28 prisoners. 

The following; is a co])y of a liandbill, issued immediately 
after the engagement at Conct)rd an<l Lexington. 

"A list of the names of the Provincials who were killed and 
wounded in the late engagements with his Majesty's troo[)s at 
Concord, 10 Apr. 1775:" 



IMr. Koliert Muuroe, 
iNIr. Jonas Parker, 
Mr. Samuel Hadley, 
Mr. Jonathan Harrington, 
Mr. Caleb Harrington, 
Mr. Isaac Muzzy, 
Mr. John Brown, 
Mr. John Raymond, 
Mr. Nathaniel Wyman, 
Mr. .ledikiah Munroe. 


Mr. Jason Russell, 
Mr. Jabez Wyman, 
Ml'. Jason Winshij). 


Deacon Haynes, 
Mr. Reed. 

Cai)t. James Miles. 

Cajtt. Jonathan Wiilson. 


Capt Davis, 

Mr. Hosmer, 

Mr. James Howard. 


Mr. Azael Portei-, 
Mr. Daniel Thompson. 


Mr. Henry Jaeoljs, 

Mr. Haniuel Cook, 

Mr. Ebenezer Goldthwait, 

Mr. George South wick, 

Mr. Benjamin Daland, Jr., 

Mr. Jonathan Webb, 

Mr. Perley Putnam. 


Mr. Benjamin Pcirce. 


Mr. James Miller. 

Capt. Wilham Barber's son. 


Isaac Gardner, Esq. 


Mr. John Hicks, 

Mr. Moses Richardson, 

Mr. William Massey. 


Mr. Henry Putnam. 


Mr. Abednego Ramsdell, 
Mr. Daniel Townsend, 
Mr. William Flint. 
Mr. Thomas Hadley. 





Air. .John Kolibiiis, 

Mr. John Tidd, 

Mr. Sdloiiioii Pcirci-, 

Mr. Thoiua.s Wiii.'^liip, 

Mr. Nathaniel Farmer, 

Mr. Joseph Comee, 

Mr. Ebcnezer Munroe, • 

Mr. Frami.s Brown, 

Prince Esterbrook.s (a Negro man) 

Mr. Hemenway. 


Mr. John Lane. 


Mr. George Reed, 
Mr. Jacob Hacoii. 


Mr. William Polly, 


.Mr. Jo.shua Felt, 
Mr. Timothy Monroe. 


.Mr. Nathan Putnam. 
Mr. Dennis Wallis. 

Mr. Nathaniel Cleaves. 


Mr. Samuel Frost, 
Mr. Seth Russell. 

The niglit after the ])attle was passed at Medford, l)ut the 
following day the soldiers of Danvers came slowly inarching 
lioine with tlieir dead. 

These heroes of tliis first battle of the Revolution liave never 
been forgotten, nor will their brave deed ever cease to be chron- 
icled. Sixty years later, on the anniversai-y of the day, the 
corner stone was laid for a inoniiinent at Danvers to })erpetnate 
their names, and this monument to-day commemorates the lives 
of those who fell and those who fought in the defense of their 
country, in that struggle for independence, the like of which is 
unparalleled in the world's history. 

Captain Caleb Low's services on that memorable day were 
rewarded by an appdintment uj)on General Washington's staff, 
where he served with distinction with the ratdc of major during 
the war. Notwithstanding these hardships, his life was 8])ared 
until the age of 70 years, when he died May 13. 1*^10. 

Captain William Shillabcir's name continued to aj)peai' in 
connection with important movements of public matter, as also 
that of Colonel Samuel Smith. 


232 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

April 2G, 1775. At the meetiiiiij of the Provincial Coiiiijress 
a letter was read from John Hancock recommending Mr. John 
Smith and Mr. John Avery, " two excellent, good soldiers and 
gentlemen, who will advance the reputation of the province in 
that department of command." 

Maj 1, 1775. "Same congress; a committee was appointed 
to consider what steps were necessary to be taken with i-espect 
to assisting the j)oor()f Boston in moving out with their effects, 
etc. Tlie report was recommitted for amendment. Captain 
Smith of Grandy, Colonel Mosely, Captain Goodridge and 
Major Samuel Smith were added to the committee." 

May 8, 1775. " Major Smith, with others, were appointed a 
committee to confer with the committee of safety with respect 
to settling the appointment of field officers." Among those of 
the name of Smith commissioned were, " El»enezer, Ilezediah, 
Isaac, John, Jonathan, Joseph, Phineas, Parsons, Panford, 
Richard, Samuel and Captain Samuel Smith," — a boM and 
brave representative of this honored name. 

June 2, 1775. "A number of gentlemen presented the con- 
gress in behalf of themselves and the men they have enlisted, 
praying that Captain Moses Little and Mr. Isaac Smith may be 
commissioned and appointed as two of the field officers over 

May 26, 1775. " The following warrant for supplying an 
express in the colony service was issued, viz : 

" Til nil Iiiki cpcrx, T<irrfii( rs and <ithi_r pi rsoiin irliom it iikii/ roiireni : 

You arc desired to furnish the bearer, Mk. Joun Gill, witli all 
necessaries u])on his journey to and from 11. I., as also with 
liorses, if neccssar}', and to exhibit your account to the Committee 
of Safety for this colony, he being an express for the colony." 

June, 1775. " A letter from the Committee of Safety, enclosing 
a letter from Mr. Samuel Smith, chairman, was read and ordered 
to be sent to the Committee of Supplies. This letter informed 
Congress that two small cannon, belonging to Massachusetts, and 
a double fortitied gun of N. H. was left at Fort Dummer when 
that fortress was dismantled, and a cannon was also at Fort 
Hinsdale, all four- pounders, which could be conveyed to the 

Shillaher. 233 

June 27, 1775. " Oi'dercd that Cai)taiii Sliillaber be directed 
to bring in a resolve fur tlie i)iir[)ose of assuriiii^ the olticers 
and soldiers tliat notwithstanding the date of tlie officers 
conmiission tlic })ay of both ofHcers and soldiers shall corainence 
at the time of enlistment." 

July 28, 1775. "Mr. William Shillaher, a mem])er of this 
congress, liaving represented to this congress that he has a 
vessel now at Philadelphia, having there deposed of her cargo ; 
a schooner, called the William, commanded by Sam'l Tucker, 
and that he a})prehends from sncli instruction as he has given, 
and will give the same master; that tlie vessel, if laden with 
tlour or partly so, might arrive safe at some port in this colony 
and set forth that he is willing to risk the same; resolved 
'• that this congress do approve thereof, and it is hereby recom- 
mended to the committee of inspection at Philadelphia, that 
they permit the said Capt. Tucker to lade his vessel as above 
desired, and sail free that port ; provided the same be not 
against the resolution of the American congress, or any resolu- 
tion formed in that colony." 

Juno 28, 1775. " A petition from Robert Shillaher was 
read asking leave to export fish, etc., etc., read and committed 
to Capt. Batchelder, Capt. Goodman and Major Fuller." 

The committee on the petition of Ro])ert Shillaher reported. 
Report was accepted, and is as follows, vis : " Resolved, that 
Mr. Robert Shillaher be and lie is herel)y permitted to export 
to the West Indies eighty hogsheads of Jamaica fish, provided 
that no other provision be shipped with the said fish, except so 
iiiiu'li as will 1)0 sufficient for such a voyage, and the committee 
of safety of Salem, are directed to see this resolve strictly 
complied with." 

"Capt. William Shillaher to represent tiie town of Danvers 
at the third provincial congress. May '>!, 1775." 

July 0, 1775. Resolved, "that Capt. Shillaher has leave to 
bring in a resolve, recommending to the committee of the city 
of Philadelj)liia to j)0i-mit him to export from thence a quantity 
of ilour." 

2-54 Founders of 21 assaohuselts Bay Colony. 

July 7, 1775. Ordered, "that Capt. Sliillaber, Capt. White 
and Mr. Crane he a connuittee to consider the account of Mr. 
Edward Mitchel and any otlier account tliat may be rendered 
of tlie expense of ])rucarino- spears for tlie army." 

July 11, 1775. Ordered, '• tljat Capt. Shillaber, Mr. Johnson 
and Mr. ]-)ro\vn l)e a committee to see that the fisli procured by 
tlie committee of supplies, for the use of this colony, be properly 
taken care of." And thus I mi<>'lit continue, for I find that in 
every emergency, both William and liobert Shillaber were 
foremost in both public and i)rivate life, in the advancement 
of the countries situation and in the jjroinotion of private 
enterprise. W^illiani Shillaber continued in active and ])ublic 
service until almost to the day of his death, which occurred 
about the year lso3, aiz;. 70 yrs. 

Robert Shillaber between the years 1775 and 1785, had the 
care of a great deal of private as well as of public business. 
He was largely engaged in shipping which was a hazardous 
enterprise, and often incurred with great loss ; lie was admin- 
istrator to liis father-in-law's estate, Mr. Thorndike Proctor's, 
as also guardian to his nephew, Mr. Thorndike Proctor, Jr. In 
1779, he made a voyage to Barbados, as Captain of his own 
ship the big " Polly." In 1783 and 1786, he respectfully pur- 
chased of William, Thorndike and Ebenezer Proctor, their 
individual interest in their late father's estate. 

June 0, 1787, Joseph Aborn and others, entered into a 
negotiation with Daniel Chute in a land speculation at New 
Hampshire, of which Ilobert Shillaber had an interest. Joseph 
A horn's interest amounted to $2,831.00. 

In October, 17^7, Itobert Shillaber took an inventory of 
goods imported that month which amounted to £2-1:07, 10s, Dp. 

Dec. 7, 1790, Robert Shillaber shii)ped by Capt. Eldridge, 
to Mahewin, North Carolina, a miscellaneous amount of im- 
ported goods, and gave ordei's for an amount of corn, white 
beans and pork to be l)ouglit to this account. Price limited to 
$5 per barrel for pork, three shillings per bushel for beans, and 

Shillaler. 235 

caiitioncil the c*;4»t;iin to lie cautie)U8 ami " nut take cttuiitcrlcit 
iiiuiiej ill oxcliaiiij^e." 

Se})t. 20, 1701, Uuhcft Sliillahcr slii[)j)L'd by a schuoiicr, riatnes 
Odd master, buiind for Alexandria to the care of Capt. Samuel 
Very, an amount of t>joods of various articles, viz., men's shoes, 
satinette shoes per value 5 sli. j)aii\ others of linen and woolen 
cloth, •'and 5 per cent, coniniission to he paid for the transac- 

Aui::. 7, 1792, Jaincs Porter at Alexandria, Viriiinia, coiii- 
})lains of the <|uality of a shij)mentof sui^ar from liobert Sliil- 
laber, and is oblii^ed to sell it at a rednctioii in ])rice. 

"Apr. 2, 1792, Robert Shillaber ships by schooner, IJeiiry 
Osborne master, consigned to Josejih Sliillal)er at Baltimore, 
several barrels of satinette shoes to l)e sold for cash." 

"March 8(i, 1793, Ilol)ert Shillaber ships to Alexandria, 
Virginia, by the schooner, ' Salem Packet,' Jacol) Very master, 
various barrels of shoes, to sell for the most I can get, and 
return me the effects in cash or Hour, after deducting live per 
cent commission for sale, dangers of the sea excepted." 

" D[sTHi(T OF Massachusetts, Survey No . . . 

Received of lioberl Shillaber of the town of Daiivens two dol- 
lars, for the duties on a chaise with a top, at^recably to an act of 
the Congress of the United States, passed tlic til'Ui day of .luiie 

Dated al S;ileni, the tuurlceiilh day of Sept., one thousand seven 

hundred and ninety -five. 

Geouoe OsnouxE, 

(JolUctor of (he li^'reiiuc. 

Afarch 8, 1795. "Robert Shillaber subscribes to the 'Col- 
umbian Centinel,' published by l>enj. Russell at Salem, Mass." 
This journal was a })aper of great weight in the county, though 
it did not flourish long; it was appreciated by its subscribers, 
however, as several well preserved copies, which 1 tind among 
the ])rivate papers of Rol)ert Shillaber will testify. 

Apr. 1797. "Robert Shillaber shipped by schooner, Betsey, 
Joshua Eldridge, master, to North (Jarolina, several boxes dry 
goods to the value of several Imiidrcil pounds." 

236 Foundera of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

17U7. "William Skillabur, Robert fShillabcr, Jobu Shillaber, 
Calelj Low, Samuel Purringtou, Amos Purriugtou, Stephen 
I>(tluTly and Henry Trask, leased from Benjamin Piekman, the 
right and privilege of several springs ; built a reservoir upon their 
premises, and preceded to lay mains for supplying the town of 
Danvers and Salem with water, from house to house, "with the 
rights and privileges of entering into said pasture, and of passing 
and repassing to said fountain, for the purpose of examining and 
taking care of, and repairing and replacing said Reservoir, if there 
be reason, etc., etc., for and during and until the end and ex- 
piration of one hundred years from the day of the date hereof, 
yielding and paying thereof for annually and at the expiration of 
each and every year during said term one cent. . . . and it is 
agreed, etc., etc." 

This reservoir was built upon tlie Shillaber ground near 
Aborn street and served for sometime as a conductor for water 
for the town. The rules and regulations of the proprietors of 
this enterprise, were such as govern such conditions, introduced 
by our own cities and towns of the i)resent day, and the 
''annual sum to I)e })aid for having one post for families shall 
be five dollars; the one-half of which sum shall be paid the first 
of November in the year 1797, and the other half the first day 
of November, 1798." 

1800. Robert Shillaber having by purchase and inheritance 
assumed control of the ''Trask Mills," so-called, adds to their 
convenience and size by additional buildings. He enters into 
a contract with Timothy Emerson for lumber and gives for a 
consideration an interest to Henry Cook. 

1801. Addition buildings are erected at the mills. Jeremiah 
Dodge contractor for the lumber, Wm. Frye contracting for 
the work. 

1803. Mr. Robert Shillaber, his son- in-law, Capt. Henry 
Saunders, Major Caleb Low, Sylvester Osborn and twelve 
others form a company for the introducing into the town 
of Danvers, " posts of iron and lamps for its illumination l)y 
night." This improvement to the town, of illumination by 
lanterns, was much needed. The houses were scattered, the 
church a long distance from this South Parish (now Peabody), 
and the residents, when walking abroad at night, were obliged 
to carry their lanterns as a guide through the dark, silent streets. 

ShiUaler. 237 

Kobort Sliill;il)cr, I need scarcely add, was most C(tiicise and 
careful in all husiness transactions; the records of sucli a loii^jj 
life, and those of his father were carefully filed year by year ; 
the result of which, by iidieritance, I am possessed of, and it 
has enabled me to write with much pleasure this scattered 
detail of a life which did not end till ])ast thnje score years and 
ten. Of all his years of usefulness, the record which the state 
of Massachusetts bears of two days of his life, will remain 
indellible, and 1 inscribe it here that we, the living, may never 
foriijet the o-ood work of the dead. 

Office of the Secretaky. 




Robert Shillaber appears with rank of Private on Lexing- 
ton Alarm Roll of Capt. Caleb Low's Co., which 
marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775, from 
Dan vers. Service 2 days. Residence Dan vers. 

Vol. 12, p. 171. 

Boston, May 7, 1896. 

I certify the foregoing to be a true abstracts from the 
Record Index to the Revolutionary War Archives deposited 

in this olHce. 

[Seal. J Witness the Seal of the (/ommonwealth. 

Wm. M., ^Secretary. 

238 Founders of MassacJnisetts Bay Colony. 

In Memory of 


June 20, 1808. 
Act. 72. 

In Memory of 




Sept. 14, 1824. 
Act. 89. 


Robert Siiillaber, born May, 20, 1730, died June 20,1808, 
was married November 30, 1758 to Elizabeth Rroctor, daughter 
of Thorndike Proctor, junr., and Abagail Wilson, married 
Apr. 5, 1721. 

Their Children. 

1. Elizaisetii Siiillaber, b. 1761, m. David Daniels, Dec. C, 178G. 

2. Ebenezeh Siiillaber, b. 1767, ni. Mis.s Cook, (no issue). 

8. Sally Shillaber, b. 1773, m. ('apt. Henry Saunders, Aug. 27, 


Shillaher. 239 


Eben Shillabek son of Robert Shillaher and Elizabeth 
Proctor was a man of untiring industry, both in his studies and 
his business relations, lie was educated at Bowdoin College, 
was administrator to the large estates of both his uncle and his 
father, and continued the different branches of business for 
many years. He was twice elected to the Massachusetts legisla- 
ture, and occupied many civil offices in his town. He amassed 
a large fortune, and established a bank at Danvers, of which he 
was elected president, retaining the position until his death. 

From the Salem Gazette of July 26, 1851, 1 copy the fol- 
lowing account of his accident, the illness from which, caused 
his death a few days later : -'A Serious Accident : We regret 
to learn that Ebenezer Shillaher, Esqr., of Danvers, was serious- 
ly injured in alighting from a carriage at Mr. M. A. Stickney's 
house, in front of his own residence on Tuesday last. Mr. 
Shillaher, in getting out of the vehicle, fell upon the door steps, 
striking his head above the temple, making a severe wound, and 
much injury to his side. He was taken up insensible, and still 
lies in a critical situation. Mr. Shillaher is more than four 
score years of age, President of Danvers bank, and a well-known 
and worthy citizen." 

The news of this serious accident to Eben Shillaher, cast a 
gloom over the town, and grief among his family connections 

240 Founders of MassacJiusetts Bay Colony. 

Married but a few years, lie found pleasure and association in 
the many children of his two sisters, Elizabeth Daniels and 
Sally Saunders, and as the children grew to manhood, they 
realized that in the death of their Uncle, they would lose a 
staunch friend and advisor, who while living, took the part of 
father, rather than friend ; by his death, he made them the 
beneficeries of his thrift and his wealth, the accumulations of 
several o;enerations. 

In an oration delivered at the Centejmial Celebration at 
Danvers, Eben Sliillal)er was mentioned " as one of those good 
men, who were content to live long and well, and was so to do 
in good to others, without any proclanuxtion made of it," etc. 

He was a lover of music and poetry and the few verses in- 
scribed below, found among his effects, in his own hand 
writing, better express than I am able to do, a tribute to his 


Sweet is the scene, when virtue dies, 

When sinks a righteous soul to rest ; 

How mildly beams, the closing eyes, 

How gently lieaves, the expiring breast. 

So fades a summer cloud awaj', 

So sinks the gale, when storms are o'er ; 

So gently shuts the eye of day, 

So dies the wave along the shore. 

Trinmpliant smiles the victor brow, 

Fanned by some angles, purple wing ; 

O Grave, where is thy vict'ry now, 

Invideous death, where is thy sting V 

A holy quiet reigns around, 

A calm, which notiiing can destroy ; 

Nought can disturb that peace profound, 

Wliicli tlieir unfettered souls enjoy. 

Farewell, conflicting hopes and fears, 

Where lights, and shades, alternate dwell ; 

How bright the unchanging morn aj^pears ; 

Farewell, inconstant world, farewell. 

Shillaber. 241 


Siillj Sliillabor, diiiighter of Eobert Shillaber and Elizabeth 
Proctor, born 1773, was married Aug. 20, 1795, toCapt. Henry 
Saunders, son of Cai)tain Daniel Saunders of Revolutionary 
fame, and Sarah Peele, who was the daughter of Jonathan 
Peele Jr., he the chairman of the Committee of Safety in 
Salem during the lievolutionary war. Thus were united by 
the strongest ties, in sympathy and in marriage, two of the 
most active and prominent families of this period. Sally 
Shillaber Saunders was proud of her family and of her children, 
and was a most affectionate and loyal wife and mother. She 
died Oct. 20, 1826, at the age of fifty-three only, leaving her 
liusband and a large family to mourn her loss. Elizabetli Shil- 
laber married Rev. David Daniels, and her lineal ancestry will 
l>e found in the Daniels line. 


John Suillauek, born Devonshire, England. 
Captain William Siiillaijer, born Salem, Mass., 1(!90 ; 

father of 
Captain Robert Shillaber, born 1730 ; husband of 
Elizabeth Proctor, born 1735 ; mother of 
Sally Shillaber, born 1773 ; t&ife of 
Captain Henry Saunders, l)Orn 1770 ; father of 
Philip Henry Saunders, born 1800 ; father of 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, wfe of 

Caitain David Smith, Engineer Corps, U. S. N., father of 
Helen Saunders Smith. 
Esther Bvers Smith. 
Marie Lowe Smitif. 

242 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colomj. 

Lines cotuposccl by Eben Sliillaber upon the 7Stb l>irthrlaj 
of his mother, EHzalx^th Proctor Shiilaber : 

FROM A Son to his Mothek, on iiek p.iktii day. 

Tins morning, ere yet I arose from my bed, 
Your l)irt,h day, dear mother, came into my liead, 
Witli a heart full of pleasure I welcomed the date 
That marks your arrival at Srccuty-cifjht. 

Then reflecting how few, either women or men, 
E'er attain to the limits of three score and ten, 
I adored the ALjriGirTY, whose goodness so great 
Had prcserv'd your existence to Scceiitn-cigJit. 

But when I consider'd the years that are fled, 
And those you loved living liow many are dead, 
Surely vain, I exclaim'd, is this mortal estate, 
And i pity'd the sorrows of Sewnfy-eirild. 

Still, to those who so number the days that pass o'er, 
As of virtue and wisdom to lay up a store. 
Whose wishes are humljle, whose thoughts are sedate, 
Some comforts remain e'en at Scventy-dglit. 

Yes, they who have early accomplished the mind, 
E'en in sickly old age many blessings ma}' tind ; 
And such is the case, I exult while 1 say't 
Oi my excellent mother of Beverdy-c'Kjht! 

Iler patience and piety, goodness and sense. 
Will live in remembrance many 3^ ears hence ; 
ficr praises too highly I never can rate, 
Nor recount half her merits at Screiitti-eijiJit. 

Her tender regard, her attention and care, 

I have felt from a child, but want words to declare ; 

Oh ! let me then pay, ere it yet be too late. 

Due homage to her and to fk'venty -eight. 

Contented I'd live in the lowest degree, 

To see her from care and anxiety free ; 

Wiiile some court the rich, others flatter the great, 

I bow to my Mother of Strenfy-ciglU. 

Might I live to behold her an hundred years older. 
In tiie arms of affection I still would enfold her ; 
No distance of time should my ardour al)ate, 
I'm so fond of mj- Mother of hs rvnty-cight. 

And now I have only to sing or to say. 
May you see many happ}^ returns of the day ; 
And another year gone, may the ollice be mine, 
To hail your arrival at Se.veaty-viiic. 



RoiJERT Daniels, tlie first original settler of this name, came 
from England to the Plymouth Colony. He first located at 
Sudbury, and in 1636 was a citizen of Watertown, Mass. He 
married, first, Elizabeth, who died Oct. 2, 1643. Ilis second 
wife. Miss Looker, died March 3, 1648. Ilis brother-in-law, 
John Loker, of Sudbury died Jan. 18, 1653. In his will he 
refers to Robert Daniels as his brother-in-law, and he refers to 
Robert Daniels' wife as his sister. 

May 2, 1654. Robert Daniels is married a third time to 
Jeane Andrews who survives him. His children were 

1. Eliz.\bet]i, wife of Thomas Fanning. 

2. Samuel. 

3. Joseph. 

4. S.\EAU. 

5. Mary. 

1665. Robert Daniels signed and sealed his own will, the 
seal being an anchor, with the letter "D" on the right side. 
He was one of the appraisers of the John Looker estate in 
1653. Nathaniel Sparrowhawk of Cambridge and Rich'd 
Newton of Sudbury were debtors to the estate of Rohert 
Daniels. (Gen. Records, Vol. VIl, p. 75.) 


SAMUEL DANIELS, son of Robert Daniels, married 

Mary Grant. 

Their Children. 

1. ItoJiKUT, h. April 23, 1072. 

2. Samuei-, b. 1674 ; d. young. 

3. .TosKi'ii, I). Ffl). 3, 1677. 

244 Founders of MaHsachusetU Bay Colony. 


JOSEPH, {Samuel, Robert^ niaiTied and had the fulluwiiii; 
chikh'cii : 

1. Jd.sei'ii Ju. 

2. Samuel, m. Experieuce ; hud son, John, b. Aug. 18, 1735, 

who became a captain in the 95th Reg., Col. Ralph Bur- 
ton, French and Indian war, 176o— 1. 

3. Eben'r. 

4. EzK.v. 

5. David. 

6. Henry. 


JOSEPH, Jr., {Joseph, Samuel, Bolert,) married EHzabeth 
and liad tlie followinii; chikh-en : 

1. Asa, b. Dec. 14, 1726. 

2. Molly, b. Nov. 7, 1729. 
;3. Jemima, b. Jan. 25, 1731. 

4. Joseph, b. June 25, 1736. 

5. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 3, 1742. 


ASA, {Joseph junr, Joseph, Samuel, Rohert,) born Dec. 14, 
1720 ; married Bathsheba, 1751-2. 

Their Children. 

Asa, Junh., b. May 6, 1753. 
Levi, b. Sept. 30, 1755. 
David, b. Nov. 25, 1757. 
Jessie, b. July 25, 1760. 
Bathsheba, b. Apr. 5, 1766. 


DAVID, {Asa, Joseph, Junr., Joseph, Saviael, Rohert,) born 
Nov. 20, 1757, was a graduate of Harvard College, 1770, 

DanieU. 245 

stiulit'd fur tlic niinistiv and was onlaiiiet] ami settled in ^Med- 
wav, Mass., l)ut owini;' t<> ill licaltli lie i;a\(' up preaeliini; and 
reniuvetl to ])an\ei"s, ^lass., wlieie he died in Dee. 1(5, 1.S2T. at 
the age of 70 years. 

Rev. David Daniels was inanied at Daiivers, Mass., to 
l^lizaUeth Sliillalici', daiiuiitci' <il' RnhiTt SliillaluT and Klizahetli 
Ti-dctor, iKini .lime <», 1 7<>'5 ; died Fehruary 10, is;;i, u<^ed 07. 


1. 1;i;tsky, 1). Sept. 25, 1T8S, d. April 11), ISIU, tig. 7(5. 

•I. KoiiKUT Siiii.LAiiKK, b. Sept. i:!, 1791 : d. Nov. 10, 1865, ug. 74. 

?>. 15atiisiii;i;\, li. .March 2G, 17'J4 : d. Dec 5, 185:], ag. 59. 

4. 1)\\ II', .Imir., 1). Miirch 4, 17!)(>, d. .Jan. 10, 18()G, ag. ()9. 

5. Aia(iAii,, b. Doc. 8, 170U. d. Nov. 17, 180-2, ag. G;J. 
G. Sauaii, b. Aug. 16, 1800, d. Nov. 29, 1S33, ag. 33. 

7. Ei5Kn3, b. Juue 28, 1803, d. July 12, 1818, ag. 15. 

8. TuoKNiUKi:, b. -Tuly 13, 1806, d. Nov. 29, 1869, xx^i,. 63. 


HON. RORERT, ( .4.^^, j >h, j>n,r.. Josrph, Samuel, 
liohert,) horn Sept. 13, 1791, died Nov. 1(», 1SG5, was married 
twice, first to Lydia Ahhott. who died April 1, iS.'>2, ai>'e 55 


lldiiKKT SHiia,Ai;Kii, J[in'i{, b. Feb. 2, 1830. 

Ei,iZAia;Tii, who m. tirst, Lord ; second, Porter ; and d. b'eb. 9, 

1890, ag. 57. 
C.\uoLiNE, b. Jan. 2, 1839. (m. Joseph C. Foster.) 
MAKiK.'wbo 111. Rev. Air. Fields, and d. July 2, 1864 : ag. 40. 

lion. Rnhort Sliillaher Daniels was a resident of Danvers, 
Mass., an<l one; of her most jirominent citizens <inriiiu- his 
entire life. lie took i^reat intei'est in all ^-eneral puhlic 
alfairs, was Captain of the Danvers Infantry in his youni;-er 
days, and for many years was Town Treasurer, lie represented 
the town hoth in the Ilonse and Senate of the Massachusetts 
Letrislature and was in the council of Gov. Davis and Gov. 
Rriggs. Was lir.^t [)resident of the hoard of trustees of the 

246 Founders of MdsnacJiiiwttH Umi Colon;/. 

J*cal)t)(ly Institute, and held tliat oilicc at tliu time of liis deatli. 
lie was ndmiiiistratoi- to the large estate of his Uncle, El)eii 
k?hinal)er, l*);nd<er. His second wife was a sister to Geori!;e 
PeaUody, London Hanker and Philanthrophist, hy wh(»in he had 
no issue. 


DAVID {Rev. Ddvid, Asa., Josepl) jiii))\ JosijJi, SaviKcl, 
Iiohcrf,) horn IMai'ch 4, 17'.)G, died JanuaiT l'>, ISIir*, niai'ried 
three times; first, to Martha Poor who died Nov., 1S25, aged 
30; second, to Eunice Saiford who died Se])t. 14, lb49, aged 
45 ; third, to dane Stickney who died Jan. *.), ISST, aged 75. 

CniLiiRKN OK David Daniels and Maktha Poor 
Married, IS IT). 

1. ]\rAHTiiA, )i. Nov., 1817, (1. Apr. 2, 1S92, ag. 74. 

2. Er.EN^ SUILLA15EK, b. Dec. 4, 1819, d. Mar. ;5, 1S86, ag. 66. 
;j. George, b. Apr. 15, 1821. d. Dec. 18, 1895, ug. 74. 

4. Augustus, b. Oct. 2, 1822, d. 1847, ag. 25. 

5. I\I.\KV, 1). .Tunc 2S, 1824, d. .Ian., 1876, ag. 52. 

Augustus was a graduate of IIar\aiil College and died at sea 
oti' Cape of Good Hope. 

CriiLDREN OF David Daxiei.s and Eltnice Safkord. 

1. EiiiMCE, b. Apr. 7, 1828, ni. Kcv. Mr. Phipixii. 

2. Ar.cY, 1). Feb. 8, 1830. 

3. David, Jiin'h, d. .July 6, 1838, ag. 7. 

4. Lucy, b. Mar. 29, 1834, m. VVilliani Sulton. 

5. William, b. Apr. 26, 1836, ul Abby J'circc. 

6. Sarah, b. Dec. 27, 1840. 

7. Au(UJsta, b. Sept. 25, 1844. 

David Daniels, was also a resident of Danvers, Mass., and 
was a man of large l»usiness afi'airs to which he coniined him- 
self very closely, being one of the largest shoe manufacturers 
in the state; his trade being mostly with the Southern and 
Western markets. He was at one time a mend)er of the State 

n»nlrh. 247 

Legislating, heiuii- a inrmlHT of the House of Roi)reseiitatives ; 
was a director of the Dauvers Dank of wliicli his Uncle El>en 
was President, lir <lii'(l ,laii. 10, 1806, ot the age of (>0 years. 


TllORNDIKE, {David, Asa, Josej^hjuow, Joseph, Samuel, 

RoUrt,) horn .lulj 13, 1806, died Nov. 29, 18G9, married Sally 


Their Children. 

1. Samuel, wiio d. Dec. 31, 1866. 

2. W. TiroKNDiKH. lioni Mar., 1^44. 


BETSEY, (Z>«wiW, Asa, Josvpli Jr., Joseph, Samuel, Rolert^ 
niarri(Ml .John Howard. 

TnioiK Children. 

1. Eren S , III. Anil Welcli ; d. March 2, 1891. 

2. Makiam Sargent, d. April 20, 186G. 


ABIGAIL niarriud Captain Samuel Symonds, who died 

March, 1830. 

Their Child. 

1. RoiJERT Sihm.aijer Daniels Sy.monds, b. Aug. 30, 1826. 


SARAH, married Caleb Frost. 

Tni:iii Cnii.DKEN. 

1. Lucy, in. .lames -M. ('idler ; cliildrcii, ('aid' .Mice, Sarah. 

2. .John in Helen Warner: children. William and Ilunice. 

24:8 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

nATl]SllEI5A, iiever mniTied. 


MARIA, {Ma.ria., Robert, Rev. David, Asa., Joseph. Jr., 
Joseph,, !Sara.}(,el, Rohert.) married Lieut. Frank Davenport, 
U. S. N. 


1. Edward. 

2. RolJKKT. 

3. IT A UK V. 


ELIZABETH LOIH), [Roluif, Rev. Daniel, Asa, Joseph, 
Junr., Joseph, Samuel, Dolx'rt,) married Dr. S. A. Lord. 


1. Lydia, inani.d (). R. Hall, 

2. Aijc;h;. 


CAROLINE, (Rohrrf, Drv. David, Asa, Joseph, Junr., 
Joseph, Samuel, Robert,) mari'ied flosepli C. Foster of Salem, 
Mass. Their sons. 

1. Wri.LiA.M IT. Foster. 

2. lior.iJ!'!' Sniia.Ai'.KK, .Tuxk. 

3. FjiANK ]{., married Emma Fisli. 


GEOR(tE p., {David, Rev. David, Asa, Josepdt, Junr., 
Joseph, Sam/iu'l, Robert,) married, first, Mary Loring; second, 
Maria Mills. 

Ihinids. 249 

Cnii.DKKN, First Marriage. 

1. rtF.or.r.K AidisTUs, ni. ('iini(3 Foss. 

'2. J{or.i;uT, M., (decieiisfd.) 

3. Makv. 

4. Lillian. 

Ciiii.JtuKN, Second MARRTA(iE. 

5. DAvin, wlin married Clara TTolmes of CliicaiiO, Ills. 


DAVID, {George, David, Rev. David, Asa, Joseph, Junr., 
Josei^h, Samuel, lioljert,) was married Nov. 0, 18S4, to Clara 
Elizabeth Holmes of Chicaico and New York. 

TiiKiit Child. 
Margaret, b. Aiuiapolis, Md., Dec. 13, 1888. 

Lieut. David Daniels, born Feb. 1, 1856, was at the awe of 
15 years appointed to the U. S. Naval Academy from the Fifth 
Congressional District of Mass. bv the Hon. B. F. Ijutler. he 
liaving passed iinmber one in a preliminary examination for 
that appointment from Salem, Mass. He entered the Naval 
Academy, June 12, 1871, as cadet midshii)man ; graduated 
midshipman, June 21, 1875 ; promoted ensign, Aug. 22, 1876 ; 
master, Nov. 17, lss2; promotcMJ lientenant, March ;>I, 1889. 
Has had sea service in the ship Constellation, Tennessee, Kear. 
sarge, Ticonderaga, Saratoga, Lancaster and Bancroft, has also 
served under U. S. Coast Survey ; has had service as Professor 
at U. S. Naval Academy, two terms, where he is at ])rcsciit 
stationed. Lieut. Daniels has borne a high reputation both as 
officer and instructor, as his appointments denote. Descendants 
of this line are also lineal descendants of the Tiiorndike, 
i'roctor, and Shillaber line. 

250 Founders of MassackuseiU Bay Colony. 


THOIINDIKE, {Jiev. Ihivid, vl.w, J(m>i>l,, Jun'r. J<>sn>Ju 

Samuel, Jiohert,) married vSally . 

1. Samuel. 


3. J5ETSEY. 

4. Eben L.. 111. Anu M. Welch. 

5. Marian, in. George Sargent. 


Of the ii'raiKl-ciiildreii of Betsej: Howard : 

1. Ei.izAiJKTii, in. .James Browu. 

2. Maria, m. A, T. .Jolnison. 

:i IIelex, m. Edward Meacorn. 

4. George P., in. Ella Baclielder. 

5. Mariam, 111. Austin tlowartb. 

6. Carrie, in. James Smart. 

7. Alibie. m. Theodore Beliger. 


Of the uraiid-ehildreii of David Daniels: 

1. Mary E., daughter of Eben, in. William Wanson. 

2. George Augustus, son of George, m. Carrie Foss. 

3. William Sutton, Jun'r, m. May Cook. 

4. Nancy Sutton, in. Cliarles Law.son. 

5. Lucy Sutton, m. William Perry. 

6. Harry Sutton, m. Elinor Gardner. 

7. .TosiiUA PiiirrEN, m. Addie Greeley. 

8. Hardy is a physician, unmarried. 

9. Margaret. 


ARMS : Sab. a ohevrou, ermine, between tliree round 
buckles tlic tongues hanging downward. 

CREST: a demi dove, rohmf imjfKthi fpi, holding in 
beak a slip of barbary, vert. 


Thu iiaiiR' liradhury is of Saxoii ()rii;in. It is fuuiid vari- 
oiislv spellrd ill Eiig-lisli records; as Bi-adherrie, hradbcrry, 
l»raill)iiry. The latter is the orthoi^rai)hy a(U)pted by the 
eiiiii;-rant Thomas, and followed by his descendants g;enerally. 
From the Bradi)iiry i^enealogy, compiled by Mr. William P. 
Lapliam, ISIX). from the works of John Merrill Bradbury, Mr. 
James W. Bradbiii-y and the researches of (yaj)tain William F. 
Goodwin. V. S. A., together with records from Salisbury and 
Essex county, and private family papers, this brief lineage is 
submitted and believed to l)e correct, as far as careful research 
can make it. 

The first mention of the name Bradlniry in English history 
is to be found at Olierset, where in 1433 were living Roger de 
Bradbury and Rudolphus de Bradbury. The connection of the 
two families is unknown. The American branch of the family 
is sujiposed to descend from the line of which Robert is the 
liead. lie lived at Olierset and married a daughter of Rol)ert 
Davenport. Iiad son. ^\"illiam, who settled at Braughing county 
(»f Ilertfoi-dshire and married Margaret, daughter of Geoffrey 
Rokill, spelled also Rockhill ; from him descended the Brad- 
burys <»f Littlebury, and Wickham Bonliant, written the present 
day Wicken Bonant. In the report of the visitation, in Essex 
in 1558, William Bradbury married Jane or Joan, daughter of 
Sir John Fitzvviiliam, and widow of Thomas Bendisli. 

In the pedigree published in the East Anglian, lbi'i'2, the 
head of the line is given to Sir TIkjiikis Bradbury, Lord Mayor 
of London, 15(i<t. In tlie visitation of Hertfordshire, 1034, 
Robei-t Bradbury of OIJcM'set, County Derby, is made tlie head 
of the line, and father of Sir Thomas. 

252 FounderH of Mas-sachusettH Bay Colony. 

KuherL JJi'.ulhiiry must have lived in time of lleiiiT \ I, as 
lie is the earliest ancester of the family that can be relied upon 
with any dei!;ree of certainty. The pedi^-ree herei>;iven is fi-(tm 
the re|)Ortof the several heralds' visitation npoii prohate records 
and other pnl)lic docnments. The branch of the family from 
which theNew Enuland familv claim descent, settled atWicken 
Bonant, in the County of Essex, about the yeai' 15(50. The 
parish of AVicken Bonaiit contained only about eight hundred 
and forty acres, and less than two hundred })ersons. In the 
earliest times there ap]:)ear to have been two man(_>is, but they 
were united in the sixteenth century, and since have been in 
the one family. 

In 144:(), these manors were in the ilarber family, and fi'oni 
them i)assed to liobert Chatterton Estp-, who in turn sold it to 
the Bradbury family. In loSj. this manor was occupied by 
Alathew Bradi)ury, who was Lord of Wicken at the time (»f his 
death. It continued in the hands of the Ih'adbury's until the 
early part of IS century, when in default of male issue, Dor- 
inda, daughter of Mathew Bi'adbury Escp-, cai-ried it in mar- 
riage to Joseph Sliarpe Esqr. IJe sold the property with the 
exception of the "Brick house and onti bundled acres," to John 
Hetherington Esqr. who in turn sold it to Thomas Coventry 
Esqr, who in turn sohl it to Joseph Smith Es(|r of Shortgrove 
in Newj)ort, and in 1802 it was in ])ossession of William 
Charles Smith Es(p- of Shortgrove. The "Brick house,'' as it 
has always been called was built l)y William Bradbury Es(p- in 
1022, for his son Wvmond Ih-adbniv. This house is a very 
large imposing house, with various extensions and gables, and 
is cons])icuous for its massive chimneys on either side, now 
overgrown with ivy. It was formerly adorned with statues, 
some (»f which still remain in a mutilated state. The ai'ins of 
Bradbui-y are still upon the door. This manoi- is situated one 
half mile from the church called St. Margaret's, and orginally 
dates from the eleventh century. The liegistry of the ch\n-cii 
l)egins 1598, and their are no later dates than that of the Brad- 
l)nry family, which are represented by monuments, statues and 
tablets. Among the entries W'C find the following : 

Bradbury. 25.'> 

" >[r. William Hiadhurx , Luni nl W'ickcn, died upon St. An- 
drews daii' at niiiht about \I ol' the cKjck Nov ?> ye last, and was 
buried upon ye 2 Dec 1G22. Was laid under the high alter in ye 
ehancel on ye south side. Finn rals were kept up alter 'I'hursdie, 
alter the wealthe, with t he niaiiie niourners to ye nurniier of thirty. 

Tuos WAi)ist>.N Ukctok." 

The nnidliiifv brick Ikmisc at AVickeii Pxinaiit is 45 miles 
tVoiii Ldiidoii. was Imilt l»_v William I5i-a(llitii-y. fni jiis secoiKl 
son AV\ iiKiiid iJiadliiirv and it i\'maim'<l in tliat l'amil\- until it 
became extinct. 

At the deatli of Mr. William jiradhiifv the "'Ih-ick House," 
as it was called, fevertcd to the second l»ranch of the family, 
till at their extinction it reverted with the hall to Mr. Shar|). 
When he sold tliese possessiotis the mortgao-es upon the hall, 
wliich were twelve thousand pounds, ohlio'ed him to renounce 
ir to dolm l\[artin, Es(j., banker of Lombard street, and was 
held by him tmtil his son came into possession, in whose family 
it still remains. Before continuiuii; with this line 1 wish to 
state that tilready in this linetio'e we find the " Davenport's and 
Sharpe's" connections of the 15radbnry's at Wicken i'xtnaiit. 

In our earliest coloidal I'ccords of l(i3(5 we find Mr. Samuel 
Sharp made freeman and i;'ranted 3U0 acres, as also Lieutenant 
I)<iveni)oi't granted S(i acres, and each of these men became 
important, noticable men in the first settlement of this town- 
ship of Sidem, Massiichusetts, The Parish reo;ister of Wi(;ken 
JJontint shows that Thomas Jiradbuiy was btiptised there the 
last (\;\\' of Feb. 1610-11. This Thomas is not mentioned 
again in the ])arish registry, but in 1634 Thomas Hradbury 
came to Xew Entrland as assistant for Sir Ferdinando (iorijes 
in hi.-- colotdzation of Wells, Mtiine, then a [)art of Massachtisetts. 
He was a y<»uiig man of ability, about '24-25 years of age, well 
educated and of a position to warrtint an aj)pointmeiit from the 
Colonial Company's agents ;it L<Midon. lie was married in 
1030 to Mary, dan. of John Perkins, Kscp, born at (iU)cester- 
sliire, England, l.")'.)!). The Perkins family (the arms of which 
are still ])reserved) sailed from J'ristol, England, in ship Lyon, 
('apt. William Pearc(; ; and after a long tind stormy ptissage 
arrived at Poston, Feb. 5, 1031. (See Perkins line.) 

254 Fonndera of Massachusetts Bay Colonij. 

Thomas Uradljiirv of Xew Eiiiilaiul iiaiiied his eldest son 
Wjiiiond, t'oi' liis father Wyiuoiid of Wickeii, and also (]aii. 
Elizabeth, for his inotiier Elizabeth, and cliildren William, 
Jane, and Ann, for his brothers and sisters, all of whieli are 
family names. 

From the Heralds Visitation in r)erl)ysliire, in 1509, Kill, 
ICiol, tlie following; Bradbury ])edi2;ree is taken. Edwiwd' 
Bradbury of Ollersett, in County of Derby, named Eleanoi-, 
dan. of Thomas Shakerly of Longson. 


I. Ottkwell {'2), of Olk'rset, m. Agiu's Beard. 
II. Robert {2), .second son. 

Ottewell (2) Bradbury, son and heir of the pi'eeeeiling, 
married Agnes, dan. of Nicholas Beard of Beard. 


I. K.Ai.i'H (3), d. without issue. 

II. Ni(iioi,.\s (3), m. Katheriiie Warren, 

III. John (3), d. without issue. 

IV. Anne, ui. Robert Downes. 

NiGHOL.vs (;3) Bradbury, son and heir of the preceeding, 
married Katherine, dau. of Lawrence Wai'ien of Payton, in 

^^^'^"^^'''■^'- Children. 

I. Roi'.ERT (4), lu. Elizabeth Bradbury, 

n. John (4) 

III. Uttehwei.l (4). 

IV. Lawrence (4), m. (hiu. of Reynolds I'raye. 
V. Nicholas (4). 

VI. Ed.mund (4). 
VII. Alice (4). 
VIII. Anne (4). 

Robert Bradburv of Ollersett, son and heir of the proceed- 
ing, married Elizabeth, daughter of Balpli Bradbury of 
Bankhead. Children. 

I. Nicholas (5), ul Mary Teltowe. 

II. Francis (5). 

III. Alice (5). 

IV. Katherine (5). 

Bradhury. 255 

Nicholas Bkaduury of Ollersett, son and lieii- i»f tlic pro- 
ceediiiir, livintr in It'll 1. married Mary, daughter of I.Mwieiice 
Tel to wo, ill Lancasliire. 


I. Edmond (6), m. Mary West. 

II. IvATiiKiuNE (G), 111. Ilobcrl Hidgf ol llinligalu. 

III. Jane (6). 

IV. Anne (6). 

V. ELiz.xitK'rii (6). 
VI. Mauy (6). 

VII. Margaret (6). 

Edmund Bradhury, son and heir of proceed inc;, married 
Marv. daneliter of William West of Firbeck, in Yorkshire. 


I. Edmund (7). h. 1580 ; in. Dorothj^ Bowden. 

II. John (7). 

[II. Mary (7). 

IV. Elizabeth (7). 

Edmund Bradblky, son and huir of the [)rocee(lini;-, married 
Dorothy Bowden of Derbyshire. 


I. Edmund (8), b. 1612. 

II. Nicholas (8), b. 1614. 

in. William (8), b. 1618. 

IV. JORDAINE (8), b. 1630. , 

IIobert' Bradbury, of Ollerset, in T)erl)yshirc, married a 
dau. ot Robert Davenport of J'ramhall, Comity of Chester. 


I. W1LLI.S.M (,'2j of Braughing, 111. .Margaret Uockhill 
II. Thomas (2), Inducted Rector of Mersden County, Essex, Feb. 
6, 1486, (1. 151:1 

William- Bradbury, {liohert^), of Brauijjhin<!:, in Hertford- 
shire, Pation of the ehurch (»f Westmill m 14<;2, m. Margaret, 

25() Founders of Massaehusetts Bay Colony. 

dan. nnd co-heir of (icdlTrej Tlockliill of AV^oniiiiiiiford, Essex 

III. K()i:ki!T (3), in. Anne Cniildren Wyant. 

IV. TiioM.vs, WMs Sir Thomu.s Kiit, sheriiT of J.ondon, 1408 ; Lord 

IMiiyor, 1509 ; m. Jouu, dan. of Dcuis and Elizabeth Leacli, 
whose first hiisl>and ))y wlioin issue was Tiionias Dudley of 

Sir Thomas P>radl)iiry made liis will, Jan. 0, 1509-10, while 
Lord Mayor of London. lie hail no heir, and devised his 
nephew, Williain, son of his hrother, liohert l>radl)nrv, as his 

III. Geor(je'^ IjkadiuiRY was a London merchant. His will 
dated June 0, 150G, was proved June 2S, ]\y his hrother Henry. 
This will states that William Iji'adbury, cousin and heir of Sir 
Tliomas Bradhury, is son of Robert Ijradhury, etc., etc. 


WILLIAMMIRADIUTRY, {Rohert^ William% RohertK) 
succeeded to the estates of his uncle in 1510, and was buried 
at Littlebury June 15, 154*1. His children by Joan, daughter 
of Sir J(»liii h^itzwilliams, were : 

I. Wii.i.iAM (")), 111. Helen (ir Eleanor Fuller. 
II. PiiiMjPA (5), in. first Michael Wilton ; second, .John Barlee. 
III. Mathkw (5), ni. Margaret, dan. of I'ouse, of Caniljiidge. 


MATIIEW-" lUlADP.ITRV, ( Wi/J.Mm\ J?ohert% William^ 
Jiohert\) Lord of the Manor of Wicken Hall, in the Parish of 
Wicken Ponhunt, whicii manor he acquired b}- purchase, 1557. 
He purchased the manor of Grange in Thaxted, in County 
Essex, 1551, and sold it the followino; year. He died June 10, 

1585. He married Margai-et, daughter of Rouse, of 

the city of Cambridge. 

liradhury. 257 



I. Wilfjam'', iiiMiricd Aiinc, (l;uii;-liter and heir of liicliard 

II. Thomas, inanictl Dorothy, daua;hter of Sir Soutli- 

weU. lie had issue CordelF, AVentwortlr, Elizal)ctli", and 
another daughter, who became the wife of Mathew Martin. 

III. Bakkaka, married 1st, Sir Henry Cutta ; 2iid, Sir 
Thomas IIikM ; 3rd, Edward Gill Es(|., and 4th, Walter Covert 
of lio.xley. County Kent. Tiiis daughter is mentioned in the 
will of her brother, Thomas. 

(Here let me state that the family of "Gills" were associated 
with Tiiomas Bradbury of New Euglaud in the proprietorship of 
Salisbury. 1G40.) 

WILEIAiM'i EllADBUPwY, {Mathevy\ William^ Jiolert^ 
William-, Ilohert\) of Wicken Bonhunt, Es(|., was born 15-44, 
died Nov. 30, 1622. His will was dated April 19, lfi22, and 
proven May G, 1022. He married Anne, daughter and heir of 
liiehard Eden, Escp, LL. D., of J>ury, St Edmunds, County 
Suffolk. She (lied and was buried at Wieken Feb. 8, 1611-12. 


I. ]\Iatiiew (T), m. Jane, dan. of William Wliituift. 

II. Wy.mond (7), m. PilizabelJi, of William Wliilgift, by second 


HI. IIknuy (7), d. youn^^ b. at Wicken An-;-. 20, 1G16. 

IV. Thomas (7), d. younj^-. 

V. Thomas (7), d. young. 

VI. Bhidoet (7), m. Francis Bridgewater. 

VII. Anne (7), m. 'I'homas Kinlhori)e of South, County Lincoln. 
VIII. AiacK (7), bap. at Newport Pond Feb. 213, 1572-3; m. first, 

George Yardley of Weston Co. Hants; second, Thomas 

.MATHEW' BUADP>UJtY,( WllUaia^ Mathew^, ]\'ilU<im\ 
It(>hf'rl}\ William-, liohert^, of Wicken Bonant,) died Sept. 
22, ICK;. lie married Jane, dan. of William Whitgift of 

258 Founders of J\I as8achusett.s Bay Colony. 

(Jlaveriiig, Co. Essex, after his death she married Henry I'rad- 
biirj, supposed son of Henry of Littlebiiry. 

Chilrh'en of Robert'^ and Jane Whiti2;ift were : 

I. .John (S), of Wicken, m. Mary, (laughter and heir of Michael 
Morstro, of Crayden, Co. Essex; he died Aug. 1., 1024. 
His widow married Charles Mulliceiit and died in Noveni 
bar, 1628. 

II. Francis (8), bap. .Ian. 12. 1600, d. .lanuary, 1644-5; wife, 
Bridget ; son, Joliii {',)), b. Dec. 29, 1642 ;" in. Ann, dau of 
George James ; had .John (10), Francis. 

III. M.\TIIEW (8). 

TV. Edward (8). 

V. PHILLTI'A (8). 

vr. Bakisara (8). 

VII. Margaret (.S). 

vni. EiazAnETH (8). 

i.\. Martha (8). 

WYMOND' BRADBURY, ( William?, Mathew^, WUUam', 
Bohert^, William^, Rohert^,) 2nd son of William" Bradbury 
and Amie, dau. and heir of Richard Eden, Esq., L. L. U., of 
])ury, St Edmunds, was of the Manor Wicdvcn Bonant, and 
afterward of Parish of Whiteehapel, Co. Middlese.x. He was 
bap. at Newport Pond, May IT!, 1574, — was of London Oct. 
17, 162S, and died in 1650. He married Elizabeth, dan. of 
William Whitgift, Es(jr. She was niece to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, who remembered her in liis will, and sister of 
Mathew's wife. She died June 2(5, 1612, ag. 3Sy., 3 m., was 
luiried at Croyden, Co. Surry. Her first husband was Richard 
Coles, of Leigh, Worcestershire, who died, Nov. 16()(»; her 
second husband was Francis Gill, Es(|r., a rich merchant <»f 
London ; her third husband, Wymond' Bradbury, the above. 


I. William (8), bap Newport Pond Sept. 28, 1607, b. Sept. ;5, 

1607. He was living Oct. 23, 1628. 
II. Thomas (8). bap. Wicken Bonant Feb. 28, 1610 ; supposed to 
have been in New England in 1634. Was settled at Salis- 
bury in ]\Iassa(diusetts in 1638. 

III. .Tane (8), bap. Wicken Bonant June 2, 1603. 

IV. Anne (8), bap. Feb. 20, 1608. was married first to Mr. Stough- 

ten ; second, JMr. Stubbles. She was admr. to her fallier's 
estate in 16.")0. 

Bradbury. 259 

Tliuinas Bradbury df Salishnry,, baptized at Wickcn 
Ijonaut, lOlO-ll, was a man possessed of great ability, educa- 
tion and all the attributes which denote a man of i'-eutle birth, 
of inteij:rity, honesty and christian sincerity. He came to 
America eai"ly in H!.')4-, was first at An-ainouticus, now York, 
Maine, as a<;x'nt for Sir Ferdinando Cior^-es. lie was one of 
the ori<>-inal proprietorsof Salisbury with .John Sanders, Samuel 
Dudley, Simon Bradstreet, Caleb Cushinj::, Ileiu'y True, John 
Gill, and others. He was made freeman in l(!4(i. Held various 
offices of trust, such as town clerk, professor, justice of the 
peace, deputy to the General Court, county recorder and asso- 
ciate judge, lie was captain of the military company and filled 
all offices with credit to himself and satisfaction to the public 
generally, lie had a clear and concise style of expression and 
his hand wa.s easy, graceful and legible. lie married, in KJ^O, 
Mary, daughter of John Perkins, Esip, of Ipswich, and by her 
had a large family of cliildren. She was a refined, cultivated, 
christian woman, very much respected in the whole community, 
and yet, during the terril)le witchcraft craze, she had in some 
fan)ily way obtained the ill-will of some distant connections, 
who, from maliciousness, by a few disparaging remarks caused 
her to be accused of witchcraft. She was an old lady — over 
seventy years old — and the news of her arrest and cominittance 
roused the whole community to indignation. 

A petition was presented to the Governing Council, signed 
by lis prominent citizens testifying to her good character in 
the following language, " her life was such as becomes the 
Gos])el. She was a lover of the ministry in all ap])earances, 
and a dilligent attendant upon God's Holy Ordinancei^, being 
of a courteous, and })eaceble disposition, and carriage, neither 
did any of us, (some of whom have lived in the town with her 
for 50 years) ever, hear, or know, that she had any dilferences, 
or falling out with any of lii'i- neighbors, man, woman or child, 
but was always ready and willing, to do foi' them what lay in 
her power, night and day, though with hazard of her health. 
and other dangers." 

260 Founders of Massaahusettn Bay Colony. 

TIei' husband, tlicn an old man, testified for her in the fol 

ovviiiiJ:: uuiirna<»;e 

" We have l)eon married 55 years, and slie has been a Utvini;- 
f lithfnl wite to me unto this day. She hath l)een wonderfully 
laborious dilhgent, and industrious in her place, and emj)loy- 
ment al)()Ut the ])ringing up of our family, which have been 
eleven children of our own and four grand children. She was 
both ])rudent and provident of a cheerful sj)irit, liberal and 
charitable. She being now very aged, and weak and grieved 
under afHiction nmy not be able to speak much for herself, not 
being so full of speech, as some others might I)e. I hope her 
life and conversation among her neighbors, has been such as 
gives a I)etter or moi-e real testimony than can be expressed by 

She was most boldly and ably defended l)y liobert Pike 
(husband of Sarah Saunders) then a meml»er of tlie General 
High ('oui't, and one of the ablest men in the country. He 
was alone in the defence of those accused, foi" no one dared to 
raise a voice in their behalf, for fear of a like accusation against 
them. He denounced in bold language \)o\\\ accusers, juries 
and judges, and his powerful language caused them to hesitate. 
His plea, several ])etitions, and her own language and the re- 
spect which it conveyed saved her life. In her ],>lea l)efore the 
judges she addressed them as follows, 

" I do plead • not guilt}'.' I am wholly iiinocont of such wick- 
edness. Through tne goodness of (lod that has kept me hitherto, 
I am the servant of Jesus Christ, and have given myself up to 
Him, as my Lord and Saviour, and to the diligent attendance 
upon llirainall His holy ordinances, in utter contempt and de- 
liaiice of the Devil and all his works as horri<l and detestable, and 
accordingly have endeavored to frame my life and conversation 
according to the rules of His holy word, and in that faitii and 
practice, resolve, by the help and assistance of God, to continue 
to my life's end ; for the truth of what I say as to matter of prac 
ticc I humbly refer my.self to my brethren and neighbors that 
know me an<l unto the Searcher of all hearts for the truth and 
uprightness of my heart, therein human frailities and unavoidable 
intirmaties excepted, of which I heartily complain every day. 

[Court records.] Mary Bradbuky." 

liradbanj. 201 

IVfarv nradliiirv sur\ i\('(l Iut liii>l)ati(l a few years only (lie 
haviii<j;- (lied of ^rip ''HkI woifv at tlieir great trouble). In licr 
will she makes llenrv Timu', her t?t)ii-iii-law, her udiiiinistrator 
and executor, as follows: 

'■ In iIr' iiuiiii; of God, Amen, tlii' ITtli day of Fi'l)ru;iiy in tlic 
I'iiihlli yt-'ar of his Majesty's icii;ii, King Wiliiuiii, ye ;5rd. of Kiig- 
laiid, I, iMury IJnidhiiiy, widow, in ye town of Suiishuiy, in yo 
county of Essex, in yc province of Massachusetts Bay iu New 
England, being weak iu body, but of sound and perfect ineniory, 
praise be given to God for yc; same, and l<nowing ye uncertainty 
of this life on earth, and ix'inu' desirous to settle things in order, 
do make this my last will and testament in manner and form fol- 
lowing, that is, to say lirst and principally, 1 commend my soul 
to (Jod, my creator, assuredly Ijclieving that I shall receive full 
pardon and full remission of all my sins, and i)e saved by ye pre- 
(■io\is death and merits of my blessed Saviour and Kedeemer, 
Je.sus Christ, and my body to ^e earth from where it was takeu ; 
to be buried in such decent manner as my executors heretofore 
named shall be thought meet aud convenieut. And now for the 
settling of \\i^ tempor.-d estate, and upon such goods, chattels and 
debts as it hath i)leased God, far above, my deserts to bestow up- 
on me. I do order give and bestow aud dispose the same iu man- 
ner and form as follows, that is to say : 

" Fir>l. I will that all those debts and duties that I (jwe in right 
or couseience to any manner of person oi' persons whatever shall 
be well and truly contented aud paid or ordered to be paid within 
convenient time after my decease by my executor hereafter named. 

Item. I give and l)e(piealh unlu my i)el()\ed daughter, Mary 
Stanyau, of Hampton, in the province of Mew Hampshire, and 
my daughter, Jank Tkuk, of Salisbury, in the province of Massa- 
chusct.ts Bay in New England, all my estate and substance of 
what kind or nature soever to be e((ually di\i(led between my two 
well beloved daughters, as aforesaid, as namely, goods, chattels, 
leases, lands, debts, ready money, plate, household stuifs, apparel, 
brass, pewter, bedding and all others whatsoever, and I make 
my well beloved son-in-law, Henuy True, to be my sole executor 
of this my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand the day and year above stated." 

Ei,i/.\i;i;tu St.\nyan, Wit. 
Rich. 1. I!. Lonm;. 



262 F<nindert< of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Chiklrcn of Tlunuas IW-adhni'v and Mary Perkins, married 
1636, were: 

I. Wymond, b. Apr. 1, l(j;:!7, in. 7 May, 1661, Sarah, dau. Rob. 

and Sarah Saunders Pike. 

II. Judith, b. Oct. 2, 1638, m. 9 Oct., 1665, Caleb Mood3^ 

III. Thomas, b. Jan. '2S, 1641. 

IV. jVI.\1!V, 1). Marcli 11, 1643, ni. IT Dec, 1663, John Stanyan of 


V. Jane, 1). May 11, 1645, m. 15 IMar., 166S, Henry True. 

VI. Jacop., b. June 17, 1647, d. at Barbado.s. 

VII. WiLLiA.M, b. Sept. 15, 1649, in. 12 Mar., 1672. l{el)ecca Mav- 
erick nee Wheelwright, (dau. Rev. John.) 

Wymond Bradhury, who married Sarah, daughter of Rol)ert 
and Sarah Sanndei's Pike, May 7. 1661, died Apr. 7th, 1661.>, on 
Ishtnd of Nivis in the West Indies. She married second, John 
Stockman wlio died Dec. 10. 1686. Jolm Stockman, was son 
of AVilliam Stockman Estjr, of Parfoid Parish of Downton 
Co.. of Wiltz, England. 

" 1605, Mr. John Stockman, father of William, died." 

"1626, William Stockman Esqr, of Downton Co., AViltz, 
" directed that the rents of his e&tate called Chadwell Farm in 
White Parish shctidd he distrihiited yearly anions such i)oor 
persons as may he surcharged by children within the parish." 

Henry Trtie, who married Jane Pradhiiry, was son of Henry 
True of Hertsfordshire Co., England, (the home of the Brad- 
bury's) who came to New England previous to 1644. Henry 
True was the lineal ancestor to the author of this geneology. 
Descendants of Henry True and Jane Bradbury are lineal 
descendants of the Perkins, Bradbury, True lines here inscribed. 

/li(i(lhii /■!/. 2fi3 


KoiiKKT^ of OllersL'tt, Co., of Derby. 

William'-^ of I]raii<:;liing, Co., of IJurtfordsliire. 

Robert^ of Littlebnry, Co., of Essex. 

William of Littlebnry, Co., of Essex. 

Mathew of Wicken Boiiant, Co., of Essex. 

WiT.i.T.vM of Wicken J>onant, Co., of Essex. 

Wymond of tlte IJrick House, Wicken Bonant. 

Capt. Thomas^ of Salisbury, Mass., U. S. A., father of 

Jane Bradbury, b. May 11, 1045, wife<f 

Cai't. Henry True, b. March 6, X^'^'k, father of 

Cabt. Wilf.iam Tri'e, b. June, 1(S10, father of 

Capt. Winthrop True, b. Aug. 16, IIU), father if 

Lieut. Winthrop True, b. Sept. 14, 11^0, father of 

Winthrop True, b. Aug. 23, 1110, father of 

Nancy True, b. 1808, w?^/<^<?/■ 

Philip Henry Saundp:rs, born, June 23, 1800, father of 

Sarah Sprague Saunders, born J\ily 24, 1843, wife of 

Cai'Taix David Smith, Engineer Corps, U. S. N., father <f 

Helen Saunders Smith. 

Esther Byers Smith. 

Marie Lowe Smith. 

204 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


THOMAS' JJIiADBTRY, {Wyvwnd, Willia,i>, Matheto, 
Wilf/om, Rohert/^ Wllliarn- L'otx'rt},) baptised lOlO, was mar- 
ried l(i3G to Alary, dau. of Jolm Perkins, Esq., of Ipswicli, 

Their Son. 

William, lu. Sept. IS, KIGO, Widow llebeeca Maverick 
(nee Wlieelwrisj;ht). 

Their Son. 

William, I». Oct. IG, 1G72; m. Saraii Cotton, 

Thkir Son. 
James, b. Mny 9, 17<>1 ; \\\. Eb'zal)etii Sanders. 

Their Son. 
Saunders Braddurv, ni., Nov. 20. 1737, Sarah (Jolby. 

Thkir Son. 
.Ta>[ks BijADr.URV. HL. Api'il 20, 1798, Catherine Conant. 

Their Son. 

William, b. Fel). 14, ISOO; ni. EHzabeth Emerson. 

Their Daughter. 

Charlotte Emerson Bradbury, b. March 24, 1844; m. 
Chief Engineer llershel Main, U. S. Navy. 

Mrs. Chai'lotte Emerson Main is recordino; secretary of the 
society of the Daughters of tlie American Kevohition ; lias a 
national reputation as a woman of great executive power and 
influence. She is a lady of superior education, tact and abihty, 
and well worthy the honorable position accorded her by this 
influential society. 







These arms were worn b}' tlie P(M'kins family, New Eiiglaiul, 
tlie earliest ancestor of wliieli. .lolm Perkins Ixuii 1590, it is 
said at Newens in County Glouster, England, came probably 
in the "Lion" to Boston, Fel)ruar3', 1031, with Ilou'er Wil- 
liams, bringing also wife Judith, son John, born 1614, Thomas, 
born ir.lC, Jacob, 1027, Mary wlio ninrriod Ciipt. Tlioiuas 

2GG Fothnders of Masf^aahusetis lUnj Colony. 

Bradbury in 1G3S, Eliza who became the wife of AV^illiam 
Sargent and Lydia 1)ap. in Tpswieli, 3 June, 1G32. 

John l*erkins, the above, at once took a j)rominent stand 
among' tlie colonists, he M'ent with John Wintliro|>, Jr., to 
Ipswich, where he was made freetnan, IS May, 1G31. He 
rej)resented this township at the General High Court 1G3<5, — 
and inany following years. He died in 1G5-1-. 

John Perkins, eldest son of the above, was admitted free- 
man, IS May, 1G37, married and had the following children, 







Samukl and Thomas. 

"John Perkins, Jr., was granted in ir»34, GO acres of land, in 
eqnal shares with Thomas Hardy and Francis Jordan, lying 
east and west of him. At this time he was 20 years old." 

" 1G34. Granted to John Perkins jnnr a marsh, having Mr. 
Bartholomew on one side, and Great River on the other. Also 
house lot by the River." "Also oO-tO acres lying beyond 
Chibacco River, (a wilderness.) 

1G37. Granted to John Perkins, junr. To acres. 

1()35. He married Elizabeth, and gradually became very 
prominent, l)eing in 1G75, chosen (Quarter Master of the 
Military Organization of the province. Jane l>radbury, neice 
of John Perkins junr, became the wife of Henry True and 
settled in Salisbury, Mass. All descendants of Capt. Thomas 
Bradbui'y and Mary Perkins are lineal descendants of John 
Perkins, born in England, 1590, as also are the descendants <.)f 
Henry True and Jane Bradbury, daughter of Capt. Thomas 
and Mary Perkins Bradbury. 


Fioni /'icl)er's Ilenildi'y we copy ;i descripti(jii of the coat of 
arms \V(»ni hy the " Trew " family in tlie time of C^iieeii Eliza- 
beth, descendants of whom are sup[)osed to have emigi-ated to 
America, with Sii- Richard 8alstonstalls fleet, 1633-5. 

"TREW" av, I)etween tlircu' bcndlcts, gu. two grey lidiinds: 
couraiit ill bend sa. 

CREST : a ilciiii chevalier in armor, brandishing a sword, 
p. ]i. r. 

From a careful search of the county and state records of 
Massachusetts I And the ai'rival of but two persons by the 
name of Trew or True as now written, vis: 1633, Antonio 
Trew was a passen<i;er to St. Christophers, embarked in the 
'• Matliew " of London, Richard Goodladd, master, ])er warrant 
from ye Earle of Carlisle. 

1636. John Trew was a pa.sseiiy;er in the " Transport '" of 
London, Edward Walker, master. Certiflcate from tiie minister 
of Graves End of liis conformity to the order of discipline of 
the churcli of England. If the above John Trew was the 
ancestor of the American line of Trew's, he must have arrived 
with family of which I find no mention. The earliest ancestor 
of the Trew line, of which we have authentic record, is Ileniy 
Trew, whom we find settled in Salem, Mass., 16-14, mari-ied to 
Israel, daughter of John Pike, a lawyer and magistrate, who 
was the father of Major Tlobert Pike of distinguished record. 

Aug. 16, 1644. Henry Trew purchases a house in Salem, 
Mass., the deed of which in 1S5!) was in possession of Mi'. 
Jabez True of Salisbury, Mass. It reads as follows: '' T, 
Edwai-d (iibons, do acknowledge to have receivt'd of Henry 
Ti'ew of Salem, forever, pounds for the house in Salem, 

268 Founder )< of MatmachaHetU Bay Colony. 

\\'lii(jli was Mr. Stautoiis, by this })ayinetit do I ^ivu him full 
use of the said, to him, and his forever. 

The IGth of Auoust. 1G44. 

By me, Edwakd Giuons. 

There seemed to be some question as to the validity of tlie 
deed, and in Oct. 1()00, the following was tiled at the courts 
for record : 

Oct. 10, KJOU. The tfsliniony of Thoiiuis Browning, aged ahoiiL 
43 years, and Samuel Arcliard, aged 52 years, sayeth, the said 
Tlionias hcing eliosen I)y Henry Trew, and the said Saniuel lieing 
chosen by Major Gibbons to appraise a house, tliat was sometime 
Mr. .lohn Slrattons, tliat time in the liands of disposing of Major 
(iibl)ons, to be sold to the said. Henry Trew, according to the 
abovt' mentioned apprisers in value, tlie said house, which accord- 
ingly did ap]n-ise yt said house a1 jiounds, together with tlie 

Ground adjoining thereto. 

Said house is situate in Salem, by Ihc Soulh River side, adjoin- 
ing to the house and land of yc foresaid 'I'homas Browning, fur- 
ther soutii lot. This was about \'^ or 15 years ago. 

Taken * * * * by both tlic above named Jnentioned. 

lO-lOm-lOGO. Wii.i, Hatiioune. 

Henry Trew was made freeman in 107(5, moved to Salisbury, 
where he died, leaving wife, Isreal, (and seven children), wIkj 
afterwards married Josej)h Fletchei', a widowei'. She is men- 
tioned in his will as his beloved "■ Isreal." Pre\ious to Henry 
Trew's removal to Salisbury in l()4i> lOm., he petitioned the 
selectmen for a grant of forty acres, which laixl was granted 
him at said meeting. Possibly the land was located at Salis- 
bury, where in the seco)id generation we find the family settled 
at " Rockey Hill.'' 


From the records of the First chui-ch, Salem, we have the 
following children of Henry Trew and Isreal Pike ; the record 
of the first born bein<i' subscribed as follows : 

Trae. im;i) 

1. '•^l;.^■K^■ Ti;i;\v. tlie smi of Hfiiry Trew I)y Isreal (Pike), 
my will', Ixini the Sth of lirst moiitli, \i\\\. IIknkv Tkkw." 

2. Jttiix, ba|>. July 1«3, 1(545, of lli'iiiy and Isiral Tiew. 

'■\. Mauy, hup. March 14, 1()47, of Ilcnry ami Isrcal Trew. 

4. J/iDiA, l)ap. Fch. 4, 1049, of llcnr}' and Isreal Tit-w. 

5. JosEi'ii, hap. l'\l). 8, 1G53, of lleniy and Isrcal Trcw. 

(i. Kkn.iamin, hap. Fch. 1!), \{\T)\, of Henry and Isreal Trew. 
7. J K.MIMA, bap. April 2G, 1057. of Henry and Lsreal Trew. 

Fruiii tliis record of tl)e first I)oni, written by the parent in 
;i liandwritino; qnite unlike any of tlie ])revious records, I find 
tlie name s[)elied " Trew," and therefore jndij,e it to liave been 
the proper spellin<^ of filename atthat time. From an orii:;iiial 
])a[)er siifiied by Henry Ti'ue, of the se(;ond c^encratioii, I find 
the name spelled as written above, Henry True, an<l tlic bd- 
lowing generations have continued the same. In the colonial 
days there were various reasons for the changing and spelling 
of the name, the principal one being the wish to avoid religious 
persecution, in their seeking of new homes and associations. 


Henry True, born Salem, March S, Ifi44-, was marrie(l at 
Hampton May IG, 1008, to Jane Bradbui')', daughter of Tiionias 
Jjradbury of Salisbury, and .laiu; Perkins, his wife. The Trues 
had moved to Salisbury some years previous to this, and Henry 
True, now Captain True, is supposed to ]ia\e commanded the 
first com[)any ever raised there for its defense. Salisbury, the 
home of the True and P)radbury fandiy mentioned in this 
history, and the home of many ])ranches of the same fandlies 
t(jday, was just settled in 103s, when John Sanders, Simon 
Pradstreet, Samuel Dudley, Captain Deniuson, Christo[)her . 
Palle and others were allowed to begin their plantation at 
Merrimack, as it was at first called. 

I'loiii a speech of Mr. P. A. True, a lineal (les(rendant of this 
line, delivered at a meeting of the town Improvement Society 
at Salisbury, .lime 17, IMM), I extract the following description 

270 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

of the early years of this town, wherein were born, reared, lived 
and died very many of the ancestors of the line of True. 

'* In 1638, after receivini^ this r;;rant, they ininiediately took 
])ossession of the land and beijan the work of laying out public 
highways, docks and landings, commons, and train fields, sites 
for meeting houses, school houses, saw mill and grist mill 
pri\ileges, etc. 

" Their ])rinci|)al subsistance was fish and clams, and their 
first road was laid out on the ])0i'ders of the u])land and salt 
marsh. This circular road was the first road laid out, now 
called Mudnock Road, and so up ])ast the square and down 
towards the beach and the clam flats. The land within this 
circular road, or a portion of it, was reserved for the use of the 
public, on which later stood the meeting house and court house, 
the stocks and whipping ])ost, the garrison house and pound, a 
happy combination, which covered all the civil and religious 
rights of the people. Theii' next business, wiiich was one of 
great importance, was the laying out and setting oft' to them- 
selves house lots, which was all done inside of six months and 
prior to ir)39-8m., when we find recorded the report of sixty 
house lots laid out, containing from one to ft>ur acres each, all 
located round this circular road, and butting on the green, so on 
u[) past the S(piare. It was necessary that these house lots 
should be as near together as possible, to ])rotect each other, 
and also to receive shelter at the garrison in case any trouble 
should occur with the Indians." 

Just imagine for a moment sixty log houses located on the 
Mudnock road, and so on up past the square, with a garrison 
house, whip|)ing post, and stocks on the other side. 

Up to llUl, there were no mills for grinding corn, or mills 
for sawing boards, and lumbei-. 

In 1658 other planters had settled in the town, and to en- 
courage them, 500 acres of land were granted to new common- 
ers. Large divisions of land, were from this time forward laid 
out, and subdivded into sixty-one or more lots ; and assigned, 
one lot to each of their number, and one lot in each division 

True. 271 

for tlie use of tlie miiiistrv. fmin whence comes the parsonage 
of to-dav. Tht' thirteenth lot in tlie cow-cdtmiinii divison was 
laid out for the use of the ministry. The wood that warms 
the church to-day is cut from this lot. "The eleventh lot in 
the mill division M-as laid out for ye use of ye ministry, and 
contained forty-tive acres.'' Eighteen aci-es were cut olf by the 
State line in 1742, and fell into South Hampton, N. II. 

"In about the year 1700, the citizens of the town became so 
populous that separate meetings were held, the citizens under 
the name of 'The Inhabitant of the Town' and the conmoners 
under the name of 'The Proprietors or Commoners of the 
Town,' and have so continued from that time to tho present 

In the year 1677, Nov. 1!>, was transferred to Captain Henry 
True a deed of a commoners right from Timothy Lyndall to 
Capt. Henry True, viz : 

" To all christian people unto whom this present writting shall 
come, Tiniothie Liiulall of ye town of Salem, in county of Essex 
Massachusetts (Colony, in New England merchant, sendeth greet- 
ing, now know ye yt, I ye said Timothy Lendall for and in con- 
sideration of ye full and just sum of twenty and eight pounds 
sterlin to me in hand payd and secured at ye signing and scaling 
of these presents, by Henry True, in full satisfaction and for 
divers other good and lawful consideration, me there unto moving, 
have given, granted bargained sould enfoursed, alienated and 
confirmed and by these presents, do fully, clerely and absolutely, 
give grant l)argain sell alienate, enfourse and confirm unto ye sd 
Henry True all yt my township, or common right belonging unto 
me, within ye township of Salisbury, which did formerly belonge 
unto Mr. Francis Dowe, as by the town records dotli ai)pcar and 
sould unto me the said Lendell by Peter Dowe Esqr and son and 
licire unto ye sd Frances Dowe, together with ye four acre lott, of 
salt marsh belonging to ye cowcomon, with all other divisions of 
lands of what sort soever not yett layd oute any ways unto ye sd 
coniage and shares or belonging. To have and to hold the said 
township or common right, with ye four acres of .salt marsh, unto 
ye sd cowcomon granted as p records itt dott appere with at other 
grants of what .sort so ever, not yett layd out unto ye .sd common 
right, belonging as a fore said, unto ye sd Henry 'I'rue and to ye 
sole and proper use, and behafe of him, ye sd Henry True, his 
heircs, and assigned as good, firm, sure and ;d)solute estate of in- 

272 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

licrirance, in fc simple for ever: by tliese presents and I yesdTini 
l.cnddall for my self, my heires executors, and administrators, do 
covenant, promise, and grant, to and with ye sd Ilenr}' True, liis 
heires, and assignes yt, ye sd bargained premises, is clere and frc 
and frely and clcrely exonerated of charges, and acquitted of, 
from all tornier grants, guifts, l)argaine sales alienations, changes, 
dowries, extants, judgements, executions and al other incombrance 
what so ever, and I ye said Tim Lindall, for myself, my heires, 
executors and administrators, do hereby and shall from time to 
tinu', and at all times hereafter, warantiz and mainfaine the sd 
bargained and sould and liy these presents given, and granted 
premises, against al and all manner of jterson, or persons, what so 
ever, haveing claymeing, or pretending to have any just right, 
title, or intres, unto ye sd, bargained premises, or any part or 
parcell thereof, forever by these presents, unto ye sd Henry True, 
his heires, executors, administrators, and assignes for ever. For 
witness whereof I have here unto Sett my hand and scale the fifth 
<lay of September, one thousand, six hundred seventy-seven. It 
is also agreed upon yt, if ye lot called higly-pigly, which was 
formerly ordered to be layd out, for the use of ye above sd Dowe, 
cant be recovered by ye said True, the ye sd Lindall, is to pay or 
discount w itli ye sd Henry True, eight jxiunds upon his bill jiayc<l 
to ye sd JjindalJ. 

'J'lM Lindall. 

This writing was acknowledged by Timothy- Lindall to be his 
act and dei'd this 7th of Novinnber 1677, before me, 

Simon Bkadstrki<:t Assistd/it. 

Mary Lindall acknowledged ye above written conveyance was 
don with her free consent, and concurrence before me. 

BARxno Gedney, (JummimotKr. 

21 NOVKMBKR, 1677. 
Signed, sealed and delivered in tiie presence of, 

John Sevkkknce. 

John Mitchell. 

Entered and recorded in yc count}' records of Norfolk lib. 3c od 
pag G8 ye 19th day of November 1677 sd attest, 

Tiio. IjIiadbuky, lirriinhr." 

ThiLs by this deed was eoiiveyod to (■ai)t. Henry True, tlie 
I'ii^lit of proprietorship in tlu- town of Salisbury ; and he among 
others of the freeholders, was most active in his duties, as ad- 
ministrator of the town affairs. 1702 a fidlino- mill was ijranted 
by the commoners, at a town meeting held in Salisbury, ye 22 
Dec, 1702. 

True. 273 

It) 1004-5 we find Caj)t. Thomas Bradbury, fatlicr in-law td 
Henry True, died, he had Keen a iiieinber of the General 
Court for some years previous. We have Henry Browne, 
formerly of Salem, selectman, as also John Stevens, was 
occupying the same position. M:ir. 10, 1090, Capt. Henry 
True elected town clei'k. 10!»S ICl)',*, Capt. Henry True 
elected town clerk. 

"1702, Dec. 30. At a general meeting of tlie town-smen, 
commoners, Israel Morrell, Senr., was cliosen moderator of the 
present meeting. At j'e same meeting, voted, that whereas it is 
ordered to lay out a tract of land, and meadow, which lays from 
Pateridges Bridge, and so upon a straight line forty rods to tlie 
southerly end of ye Gravely Ridge Division, according to the sd 
vote, it is ordered, that the men hereunder named, are appointed 
and chosen to proportion, and lay out the sd meadow and land 
forthwith, Tlie mea(h)w in one division and the upland in another, 
and eacli division to be layed into tifty-nine e(|ual jn-oportions, 
according to the number of the Ancient Kites. As neere for 
quantity and quality as they can, the sd men to lay out convenient 
liighways in sd land and meadow. The sd men, wlien they iiad 
laid out sd land and meadow, to give tlie Proprietors notice there- 
of, so yt they may nu;ete together, to draw Lotts for ye same. 
The men that are appointed and chosen to the above sd sarvis are 
namely : 

Capt. True, 

Lieut. Brown, or anj^ three of ye sd men 

Mr. Isreal Morrell, agreeing to lay out ye same." 

Sargt. Jos. True, 

Mr. Ephriiini Winsley. 

1712, Apr. 26, " at a meeting of ye Proprietors in Common of 
ye town of Salisbury, Apr. 20, 1712. Att ye same meeting, The 
propersition of Request of the subscribers to the Proprietors in 
Common now met, is that they will be jileased to grant us liberty 
for the setting up a small House for a school house on sum part 
of tlieir connnon land, not damnifying the liighway, nere John 
Merrill's. Ileiuy True, Jos. Eaton, John Mch Jr., in behalf of 
themselves and neighbors. Voted in the allirmative. 

Isaac Mokkili,, Moderator." 

1715. A company is organized in Salisbury, of which 
Williaiii True, son of Ii(!nry, is appointed sergeant. 

274 Founders of MassachusettH Bay Colony. 

1715. William True elected selectman. 

1716-17- Is. Sergeant William True, selectman. 

1719-20. Captain Henr}- True, selectman. 

1720-21. Ensign William True, selectman. 

1722-23. Town voted to have three selectmen only. Lieut. 
William True, selectman; Edward French, cornet; Ezekial 
Morrill, sergeant ; William Smith, (juarterinaster. 

1728-24. Town clerk, Mr. Nathaniel Brown ; selectmen, 
John True, Rol) Smith, John Morrill, Samuel Collins and Jos. 
French Ji-. 

1726, March 28. Captain Plenry True, heing then 81 years 
old, and uj) to this time occupying and fulfilling very many 
positions of trust and importance in Salisbury, realizing that his- 
years and his health will not permit himself to continue in active 
duties, at the head of his estate, in the management of it, to his 
ow^n and his family's satisfaction, transfers said duties to his 
son, William, in the following language, viz : 

"Know ai,l men by these presents, that I, Henry True of 
the town of Salisbury, in County of Esses, in ye province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, iu New England, have assigned, ordained and 
in my stead and place, put and constitute my truly and beloved 
son, William True, of the same town, county and province, afore- 
said, to lie my own and lawful attorney, for mc and in my name, 
to sue for and retrieve of any man, any trespass that he or they 
had done, or shall doe, by pulling, cutting or carrying away of 
any broken wood or timber growing, or broken upon any land of 
mine, either within fence, or laying in common without grade, 
und to prosecute the same, from court to court, to etect and also 
for me and in my name, to defend any suit at law, of any |)erson 
that siiall sue for any lauds of nunc, and to prosecute the same in 
law . And also I do by these jiresents impower raj^ said 
attorney to demand, sue for and recover any debt due mc by 
bond, bill, or any other ways, of any jierson or persons whatso- 
ever, and to prosecute ye same, in law to etfect. And agreements 
to make of transfers, of land as above said, and of debts or 
acciuitance to give in my name, and to chuse an attorney or 
attorneys as he shall see good, for the prosecetion of ye above 
said, and to release them at pleasure, and what so doe my said 
attorneys, shall lawfully do, iu and a1)out the premises above said, 

True. 275 

and I do by these presents, allow of ratify and consent, as witness 

my hand, and seal, this twenty-lirst day of March, Anno Domini 

172.J— and in ye 12th ye-ar of his majesties reign King George 1st. 

This to continue till fartinT orders." 

IIknry True. 

Capt. Henry True personally ajipcared bcforr me, tlie subscriber 
hereof, and aclinowlcdged the above saiil letter of atlurney, to be 
his act and deed, this 28th day of March 1726. 

Wm. Bradbury, Jimtice of Peace. 

Endorsed. " Capt. Henry True's letter of attur- 
iiey to his son William True." 

Though at ail advanced age Capt. Henry Titie was still 
lionored by his townsmen. 

1728-29. He was selectman. 

1729-30. Capt. Henry True selectman and continued in 
different offices of the town until a few years before his death, 
which occurred Se})t. 18, 1735, at the age of 01 years. Jane 
r.riidhurv True, liis wife, died Jan. 24, 172!). 


Henry True, born March 8, 1644; died Sept. 18, 1735; was 
married, March 15, 1668, to Jane Bradbury, daughter of 
Thomas Bradbury, Esq., of Salisbury. 

TuKiR Children. 

1. Mary, b. May :30, IfKiH ; m. Feb. 5, 1688-9, Kpluaim Eaton. 

2. William, b. June, IC.TO ; d. March 18, 1733; m. Eleanor Ste- 

vens, 1690. 

3. Henry, b. Jan. 6, 1673 ; d. Nov. 1, 1722 ; m. Dee. 20, 16'J9, 

Abigail French. 

4. Jane, b. Dec. 5. 1676 ; m. June 16, 1702, Kdward French. 

5. John, b. Feb. 23, 167S ; m. June 16, 1702. Martha Morrill ; d. 

Nov. 19, 1754. 

6. Je.mima, b. May 16, 1680; m Oct. 30, 1700, Thomas Brad- 


7. jAiiEZ, b. Feb. 19. 1682 ; d. young. 

8. Jahez, 1). 16Sr): d. May 22, 1749, aged 64 ; m. Jan. 8, 1707, 

Sarali 'i';i|)p:ui. 

9. Mai:v. 

2 TO Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Wc perceive by the iiuirriages of these cliildren of Henry 
True that they were closely connected in many ways with the 
lines most fi'equently mentioned in this l)()()k. 

William True, horn June, 1070, married 1G90, Eleanor 
Stevens, horn Jan. 2, 1G75, daughter of Benjamin Stevens and 
Hannah J*arnard, married Oct. 28, 1073. 

lienjamin Stevens was the son of Joim Stevens, who together 
with Henry Browne first purchased lands at Salisbury of Capt. 
Thomas Smith. Hannah Barnard was the daughter of the 
Kev. Thomas Barnard, from whom ai'c many noted descendants. 

Henry'^ True, born Jan. 0, 1073, married Dec. 20, 10<J1>, 
Abigail French. Jane True, his sister, born Dec. 5, 1()70, 
married June K't, 1702, Edward Frjench. 

The French family was among the earliest families of Salis- 
bury. Edward French first came to Ipswich in 1030), removed 
to Salisbury 1052, and had the largest estate of any one in town 
except two. Ilis homestead was situated in the main center of 
the town o])posite the present meeting house site, and to-day 
the spot is nuirked by a fast decaying mansion, which in its 
former days must have represented a position of ease and com- 
fort to its occupants. Edward Frencli was youngest son of 
Joseph, the first of the same. Samuel French, son of Edward, 
married Abagail Browne June 1, 1004. Their children were: 

1. Ai;A(iAiL, b. 17 July, 16GG. 

2. Hannah, b. 15 March, 1669. 

3. Samuel, b. 34 March, 1G72. 

4. Henry. 1). 1G78. 

5. Edward, b. 1675-6. 

6. Nathaniel, b. 4 Dec, 1678. 

AuA(;\ir- FRENcn, l)orn, 17 July, 1000, daughter of Samuel 
Frencli and Abagail Browne, married Henry'^ True, Dec. 20, 

Edward French, son of Samuel French and Abagail l^rown 
married Jane True, June 10, 1702. 

I will now return in my narrative to Salem, to the family of 
Smiths and Brownes, Frenches and Curwens before mentioned. 

Trite. 277 

AViii. Jiiowiio, Es(^., of SaK'iii. who (lied 20 Jan. 10S7, a<5 71, 
caiiiL' in the '* Love" 1685, Oct. 20, tVoiii Luiidoii with Mary 
liis wife, who was the daughter of SainiK-l Smith of (ireat 
VaniKUith. England, he the supposed grand-son of JSir Ilugli 
Smith and Klixal)eth Gorges. 

William lirowne was son of FiMiicis, (who died 1(52(5) grand 
son of Thomas (^who died l(5tiS) and great-grand-son of Simon 
Browne of iirowne Hall in J.ancastshire, England. \\q was 
horn 1 JNIarcli, 1607-8, and had born to him the ft)llowiiig 
children, who lived to maturity, William, 15enjamin liev. 
Joseph d. s. p., Sarah, Mary. The only one of tlu^ sons to 
leave male issue was Major William llrowne .1 r., one nf the 
council duiing Andros regime; he died 23 Feb., 1716, leaving 
sous, Colonel an<l Judge Samuel and C^ipt. John l>rowiie. 

Williami Browne had eight children, the first child AVilliam-, 
born April 14, 1639, ni. 20 Dec, 1661:, Hannah, daughter of 
George Curwen. Haimah, widow of William- ijrowne admit- 
ted churcli, Salisbury, 16SD. Abagail i>rowne, sister to 
William-, married 1 A[)r., 1664, Samuel French. Their daugh- 
ter Abagail French, married Henry True 20 Dec, 161>9. John 
Curwen, son of George Curwen and uncle to Abagail French 
True, nuirried Margaret AVinthr(»p, daughter of Governor John 
Winthrop June, in 1665. Of this marriage Mary ('urwen, 
daughter of John Curwen and Margaret Winthrop, bap. Sept. 
1(1, 1C)7('», married Capt. Thomas Smith. Col. Samuel Smith, 
one of the most ])rominent men in Salisbury during the Uevo- 
lution, descendant of this line. Thus were the fanuly of 
Trues in tin; thinl generation, allied to th(; families of Frenches, 
I'rownes and Curwens, also to that of Stevens, Barnard, and 
Bradbury, as also to the families of Morrill and Tapjien, through 
the marriage of John True, born 23 Feb., 1678, nuirried June 
1(5, 17<)2, to Martha Morrill, and that of Jabez True, born 
1685, married Jan. 8, 1707, to Sarah Tai)p(ii. 

Salisbury, at this date, wms a ])urely agricultural section of 
the country, as it is tlie same today. The homes of the resi- 
dent families of 17<i", I'emaiii with few changes, in uiidi\ided 
sections, and are severally occnpied by descendants ol the same. 

27S Founders of MassachusetU Ihiy Colony. 

Tt was \\\\\\ iniiiii'k'd fceliiii^s of umh' and admiration that I 
rode over this section of New Eni;land, and helield the silent 
pride of i^eneration after generation ; and noted the family 
name and ])ossessioiis, lield so sacred fi'om father to son ; and 
realize(j that in this sturdy race, there was a superioi'ity of 
judiiuicnt and action, in its clanisii supremacy of individual 
rights; in the holief that home and ha))piness remain far more 
sacred in its seclusion and supremacy, than perha])s in the moi'c 
thrifty ])opuhited sections of the counti'y, where competition 
and strife, hai'hoi' pride and discontent, and the rapid uncertain 
business life of this century, Wring more often poverty than 
riclies, age before youth ; and oftcner still, death before its 

Salisbury was the home of the Bradbury's, the history of 
which has given many noted men to our country. Salisl)ury 
was the home of the Stevens' and ]>rowne's, wlio early in its 
history occupied many offices of tinist and resi)onsil)ility. 

Salisbury was the home of the Cushings, mend)ers of whose 
family have reached renown from generation to generation. 

Salisbury was the home of Rol)ei't J^ike, the greatest com- 
moner of America. 

Salisbury was the home of the Curriers, among whom we 
have Revolutionai-y officers, authors and the advanced men of 
that section in enterprise and business (jualities. 

Salisbury was the home of the Smiths, the staunchest sup- 
porters of the Revolution in all that section. 

Salisl)ury was the home of tlie Trues, who occu])ied nu)i'e 
positions of trust in the town, became more ])roiiounced and 
inde})endeiit in their religious declaration, jtroduced more men 
for the staunch support of our national independence, moi'e 
men of lettei's ami science, and assisted in the seventeenth 
genei'ation more in the colom'zation of other sections of the 
wildei'iiess, than it has been my privilege to record of any other 
family. The Trues were of that staunch, sympathetic, religious 
nature, that they were not content altogether with the daily life 
of agricultural jinrsuits, but were rather imbued with tlie belief 
that maidiind needed help and comfort in its social as well as 

True. 27(» 

rclii;-i(iiis lit'i'. and iiiaiiv df tlu- family were evaiifijelists and 
preachers tliroui^li the new settlements, whenever occasion 
rci|iiired. Tliey liad little sympathy with the Puritanical 
chiirrh and its tyranical doctrines, hut preached what was then 
a lu'w relit:;ioii in the colonies, " the J>aptist faith," or submer- 
sion, as it was then called. They wei-e ardent christians oftlie 
new faith, and carried their belief into the wildes of every new 
settlement, preaching', estahlisliini; new missions, and contril)- 
nting to their support. 

lf)83. A new settlement was formed at Ilampsliire, and 
called Salisbury, New Hampshire, after this town. Jal)ez 
True, son of Henry and Jane, became one of the orio:inal 
proprietors and established the first church. Hampton Falls, 
New Hampshire, was another settlement formed, of which 
Josej)!! True, brother of Henry, was an original settler and tax 
payer in 1 709. 

Deerfield, New Hampshire, another settlement, had as one 
of its most distinguished citizens Deacon Abraham True, 
grandson of Henry and Jane True. 

Williatn True, husband of Anne Bradbury, and grandson of 
Henry True, was father of Jonathan True who, by wife Anne 
Stevens, had Eleanor True, married to John Sargent; whose 
son, William True Saigent, married Hannah Mitchell. Their 
son, William True Mitchell Sargent of Portland, is the well- 
known historical writer of the day. 

Hon. William C. True of Flaintield, X. H., died Sept. 2S, 
1S95. He was a })rominent farmer; moderator of the town 
for over 30 years, candidate for State Senator, and a member 
of the Governors Council. 

Nathaniel Tuckermaii True, A. M. Md., late of Ui'tlicl, the 
veteran teacher, scientist and historical writei-, was the son of 
John'' and ]\rary Hatch True and grandson of Jonathan and 
Mchitabh; Tiaie. 

At Ilochester, N. Hampshire, we had a distinguished clergy- 
man, the Kev. Ezekial True, a lineal descendant of Henry 
1 rue. 

280 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Ill Washington, D. C, Professor True, a distinguished 
scientist is also a lineal descendant of Henry True. ^Vt Bod- 
oinhani, ]\Iaine, was settled William True, a lineal descendant 
of Capt. Henry True, whose two sons, William and Winthrop, 
graduates of Bowdoin college, would have distinguished them- 
selves, hut for their early death by consuMH)tiun. 

Mr. Brince Albert True of Salisl^ui-y, also a lineal descend- 
ant of Capt. Henry, is a hard student, and ever active and for- 
ward in the ])rominent advancement of ])r()ii(iunced ideas. His 
brother Oliver was a great student and thoroughly cultured 
man ; his death was a sad loss. 

Mr. Keul)en Ti'ue was one i>f the founders of Warren, X. H., 
as also Capt. Moses and Deacon Winthrop True were among 
the first pi'()))rit't()rs of Wentworth, N. fl. Capt. Moses of 
this town was a member of the first legislature of Xew Hamp- 

At Wentworth, Xew Hampshire, a new settlement was 
formed by Moses and Deacon Winthro]) True, lineal descend- 
ants of Capt. Hetiry True. These two men were the ])ro- 
])rietors of that wild section, and were prominent men l)oth in 
their churcii, and in the advancement of the prosperity of their 
town. Deacon Winthroj) True lived in that wild section of 
the country more than sixty years, and from a wilderness, was 
witness to the advancement of Xew Hampshire, to one of the 
proudest and most foremost states of Xew England fifty years 
ago. The gi'owth of the west has taken away many of its sons 
and daughters, but for bcautv of scenery, exhileratini"" climate, 
and comfortable liomes, Xew Ilampshii-e still is considered 
one of the ]u-ominent states of the Union. 


Wir.LiAM Tkue, son of Henry True and Jane Bradburj^, born 
June 1070, died March 18, 1733, and Eleanor Stevens, born 
Jan. 2, 1()75, died April 29, 1768 (daughter of Benjamin 

Trite. 281 

Stevens and Ilaniiali llai-nanl, nianicd Oct. 2S, 1073) were 
niaiTii'(l, ir.t»2. 


1. I'.KN.iwiiM, 1). Jail. IS. l(i<»;5-4, (1. Apr. 21, 1770, m. Dec. 26, 

1717, Juditli Morrill. 

2. :\Iakv, b. Fell. -JC), 1(105 (i, 111. Israel Sliciipivnl, Apr. .">, 1718. 

4. C.M'T. Wii,i,i.\M, h. Nov. 16, 1700, d. .luiic 10, 1768, in. Nov. 

9, 1721, Amia Briuihiiry. 
T). Jane, b. Oct. 11, 1703. 

6. Er.KANoR, 1). Nov. 4, 1705. 

7. IlENitv, h. Dec. 26, 1707, d. May, 1778, I. M. Sept. 19, 1727, 

Ann Allen. 

8. WiNTiii:oi>. 1). 18. 1710, d. .July 26, 1785, m. .June 15, 

17o2. Dorotliy Currier. Resided Kocky Hill, Salisbury. 

9. Samitki,, b. .Jan. 13, ITi:!, d. Oct. IS, 1770, in .Ian. 15, 1735-6 

Ann Currier. 

10. .h niTii, b. Nov. 20, 1715, d. .Jan. 7, 1716. 

11. .JiDiTii, b. May 10, 1718, m. March 9, 1738, Win. Osgood. 

Oiptain William Truc's home was sitnated in that portion 
of Salisbury called Rocky Hill, it consisted of a lari2;e farm- 
house, and about one hundred a(;res of land. lie was attorney 
for his father's estate, and occupied many positions of trust in 
tlie town, principally as selectmen in charLre of town affairs. 
Ilis family received a liberal education, were married and 
entered into different ])ro<i^ressive settlements, with the exception 
of his son Winthrop wli(» icinained at home ; married Dorothy 
Currier, and succeeded to the estates. Dorothy (Jiirrier was 
daui^htei- of Samuel (Jurrier, Esquire, a man wdi(» had held 
many prominent offices in the early history of Salisbury. 

Capt. Winthrop True, son of Ca[)tain William, was a promi- 
nent and much respected man. lie was captain of the first 
militia company of Salisbury, wdiich was composed of its fore- 
most citizens, or<i;anized in self ])rotection, and in defence of 
civil rights, during the early troublesome times of 1750 (!<». 

(Captain AVinthrop True, at an annual town meeting held 
March 1 1, 1755, was chosen Town Clerk, and fidlilled the ollice 
so creditably that he was elected Town Clerk for the twenty 

282 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

years following'. He was also elected as seleetinan in 1764, and 
for tlie five jeai'S following filled tiie same office. Among the 
men associated witli him in office at this time were, Moses 
Pike. Will. IJrown, and Caleb Cnshing, who represented Salis- 
hury at the General Court in 1762. 

1765-1760-1767. There were few changes in officers. Cap- 
tain Winthrop True still continuing town clerk. 

176S. Caleb Cushing was succeeded by Nathaniel Currier 
at the General Court. 

1769-1770. Capt. Winthrop True continued town clerk, 
AVilliam True, .lohn Pike, Junr., Daniel Morrell, as selectmen, 
with Calel) Cushing as i-epresentative at the General Court. 

1772-177;'.--17i-f. Capt. Winthi'op True, town clerk ; Hon. 
Samuel Smith, representative to General Court. 

1775. Ca])tain Winthrop True, town clerk ; Hon. S;imnel 
Smith as representative, and a mend)er of the Provincial Con- 
gress, now established. 

Ca})tain Withrop True continued an active and influential 
mend)er of society until his death, which occuri'ed July 26», 
1785. Dorothy Currier True died March 11, 1764. Honor- 
able Nathaniel Curriei', a brothei- to Dorothy True, was a 
member of the Provincial Congji'ess 177.'>, 1774, 1775. He 
became a Major in Provincial ti'oops, and was an active 
mend)er of a commission appointed by congress to station 
troops in Co. of Essex, 1775. Aj)pended will be found a list 
of the officers and men who served in the lievolution from the 
" True family." Attached is a certificate of service in civil 
life of Ca})tain Winthrop True. 

Saijsiuirv, Mass., .June lo, 189(). 
Ollicc of tlic Tdwii Clerk : 

I, William H. Grccnlcuf, clerk of the town of Sulisbuiy, do 
lierehv certify that it appears on the reconis in this ollice, that one 
Captain Wintlirop True was chosen Town Clerk, and that- the 
following extract is a true copy of such record. 

At an annual meeting held March 11, 1755, Captain Winthrop 
True was chosen Town Clerk. 

True. 283 

And tiial lu- was elected Town Clerk for the twenty years 
following, and was eU'cted as selectman in 170 1, and for the live 
years following. 

I, Wni. II. (Jreenleaf, clerk of the town of Saiisl)ury, do certify 
that the above extract is a true eoi)y of the records in this ollicc. 
Attest, W.M. II. GuEiiNLK.M-', Tinrn Clerk. 

JiiiiN L. Lilly, ,Jii.stirc of tlie Peace. 


WiXTiiiiiii' True, son of Ca|)t. Willium Ti-ik^ ami Kk-aiior 
Stoveny, bofii Ano-. IS, 1710, died July 20, 17^5, marriud Juno 
15, 1732, Dorothy Curner who died Mufch 11, 1704. 

TiiEiK Children. 

1. DoKoTiiY, born March 11, 1733, died same day. 

2. DoiioTiiY.born Marcli, 1734, married Deacon David Tew.xbury. 

3. IsKE.M-, born July 31, 173o, resided in Maine. 

4. Moses, born F^eb. 6, 1737, inteutinn to marry Widow Sarali 

Smith True, Jan. 26, 177o. She was daughter of Honorable 
Samuel Smith and widow of his brotlier W'inthrcji) True, 
who died Oct. 8, 1770. 

5. AViNTHHop, born Sei)t. 14. 1744. d. Oct. 8, 1770, married Jan. 

30, 17()0, Sarah Smith, born July 1, 1741, daugliter of Hon- 
orable Samuel and Mary Gove. 
«. Anna, boru October 27, 1743, died December 18, 1743. 

7. Anna, born March 11, 1745, married William Smitli, brother 

to Sarah Smith True, and son of Honorable Sanuul Smith 
of Salisbury. This family settled in Deerlield, X. II. 

8. Jacoi!, born April 7, 174!i, married Abagail Page. 

y. EiJEXEZEH, born July 2, 1752, died 22, 1799, married 
April 21, 1774, Ruth Stevens; no issue. 
10. WiLLLVM, born January 5, 1755, died Sept. 22, 1770, ag. 15. 

WiNTiiKoi' Trie Jr., born Sept. 14, 1744, was educated at 
Sidi.shury, and tli(m<;h he died at the early a<^e of tliirty-one 
years, liis Hfe was passed during' the most tryin<^ and ti'(iid)le- 
sonie time of our country's stru<ri:;le. He remained at the 
homestead with liis fatlier, marryin<:;at tlie a^e of twenty-two, 
Sar.di Siiiirh. (laughter oi iloiiorahh' Stnnuel Smith of that 
town ; he (hed Oct. 8, 177(1, leaving- his young wi(h>\v with 

284 Founders of Massachusetts Ilaij Colony. 

foni' youn<^ children to inonrn liis loss. It w;is not until five 
years later, January 2t^), 1775, that Widow Sarah Smith-True 
heeanie the wife of his l)rother, Moses True; who for those 
many years had l>een friend, and l)r()ther, and kind protec- 
tor and adviser, and l)y gentleness and respectful silence, had 
won her esteem, and gratitude. Of this last marriage there 
was one child, William, born July 10, r77<). 

Moses True was one of the active business men of Salisbury, 
entering into all enterprises with interest and success. lie 
purchased of the heirs, his fathers estate at llocky llill, and 
occupied it until his death. His name is honoiaUy inscribed 
by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as one who niai'ched 
to the battle of Lexington, that memorable llJth of April, 1775. 

M A SS AC H l^ S ETTS A IIC U 1 \' ICS. 

Apr. 10, 1775. Moses True ap|)ea,rs on the Lexington 
Alarm lioll of Ca|)taiu Steven Merrill's company, Colonel 
Caleb Cushings regiment, which marched on alarm of April 
10, 1775, from Salisbury. The soldici-s belonging to the town 
of Salisbury, service three and one half days. (Marched iVpr. 
20, 1775, instead of 10th.) 


WiNTUKOi' True, JrNR., born Sept. 14, 1740; died Oct. .s, 
1770 ; son of Winthrop True and Dorotliy Currier, was married 
January 30, 17r>0, to Sarah Smith ; born July 1, 1741, 
dauiihter of Samuel Smith and Mary Cove. 

TuEiR Children. 

1. DoKOTUY, 1). Dtr. 10, 17tj(i : m. Abel .lackinan; sL'ltk'd iu Cor- 

rliilh, VI. 

2. Mosi<:s, b. 8t'i)t. 8, 1708; iii. llaiinali IJrowii of Salisbury, 


3. WiNTiiKOi'3, b. Aug-. 27, 1770 ; in. Sarah ClillVird of Ramiiey, 

N. H., November 16, 17117. Slie tlie (laughter of John and 
Sarah Cliirord of Ramney, born Nov. 8. 1780; descendants 
of the noble house of ClilTords. 

T7'ue. 285 


Mdsks TuiK, boj'ii Feb. 0, 1T3T; married Widuw Saruli 
Sniitli True, Jan. 20, 1775. Moses True died Dec. 28, 1807. 
Wife, Sarah Smith True, died Feb. 28, 1809. 

TllKIK Cllll.DKEN. 

AViLLi.vM, b. July 10, 1776 ; d. Sept. S, 1821 ; m. Jan. 10, 1302, 
Susannah LowuU. She d. April 22, 1879, ag. 97-8. 

Of this t;-eneration, William, tlie last child of Sarah Smith 
and Moses True, retained the homestead and lands adjoining, 
which had descended from generation to generation from 
Henry True''. Today this beautiful iiiheritance is still care- 
fully guarded in the family, and is the [)roperty of Mr. Cyrus 
True, son of the al)Ove William. 

Moses- married Hannah Brown of Salisbury. In 1791 Moses^ 
True, together with his brother, Wiiithrop, Junr , commenced 
the foundation of a colony at Wentworth, New Hampshire. 
This spot, one of the most beautiful in New Hampshire for 
grand, natural scenery, was at that time a dense wilderness, 
nniidiabited by man, except through these courageous pioneers 
and their friends. Among the eai-liest settlers of this county, 
Grafton by name, we find Benjnmin Lang of Salem, husbiind 
to Sarah Saunders, a grand-child of Philip Saunders ; also John 
Saunders, Junr., was one of the early proprietors, though he 
did not make it a residence. 

Fkom the State Rkcords in County (iK.viroN, 
Nkw IIampshike. 

Vol 17, p. 357. We find on May 2, 1792, that John Sanders, 

Junr., Merchant, Salem, Mas.sachuselts, conveyed toTebina Curtis 

for the sum of £2700 in money, 9,000 acres of land lying in the 

township of Millsfield, Co. of Grafton, being the whole of the 

rights of 

Samuel Ward, Joshua Dodge, 

J(jhii SaiidiTS, Junr., George Dodge, Ks(|., 

Edward Morris, Esq., Elias II. Derb}', Es(i. 

Jonathan l{oi)es. Witness, 

Ebenezcr Beckford, Daniel J.ang and Jasper Murdock. 

280 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Apr. 2:5, 1702, Joliii Sanders, junr., conveys to John Siuukus, 
uicrchaiit of Snlem, Mass., one full right in the township of North- 
umb(;rlan(l, County Grafton, N. II. 

Oct. 1. 179;i, John Sanders of Salcni, Co. of Essex, is ai)point(;d 
Collector of Taxes for the proprietors of Errol, Co. Grafton, state 
of N. II. 

Apr. 25, 1794, John Sanders of Salem, Essex Co., sells to Richard 
Lang, one proprietors right in Co. Grafton, Township North- 
umberland, numbered 72. 

Feb. 10, 1795, John Sanders of Salem, Essex Co., Mass., con- 
veys to Richard Lang, one full right, or original ])roprictors right 
for the sum of t'115. 

()ii 21, Nov. 1789, is recorded in (iraftoii the following very 
interesting |)etiti()ii, wliicli shows the enterprise and persever- 
ance of these speculators and proprietors in township rights 
and settlements. 

T<i the IIi>noni'iJ( , fill SiKtfr, dud tin iln/ioraJdc, the Ilinisc of Bcprc- 
siiitdtlrcK (if JS'i'tr I fa iiipKhi re. Dee, l^SH : 

Proprietors of Errol and ^lillslield in sd state, humbly sheweth 
that in the year 1779, we employed a committee and surveyors 
with necessary attendants, and at the great expense of £180-0-0 
transported provisions by packmen through the wilderness 60 
miles nearly, without road, and laid out sd towns into 100 acre 
lots ; that ])y reason of the war and other difticultics, we were at 
that time iiuluced to lay aside our purpose of compelling the set 
tlements of said towns: that we have since renewed our intentions, 
and by our agent Major Joshua Heath, have begun to make im- 
provements by felling of trees, clearing of roads and putting up 
log in sd towns, by raising the sum of £50-Ss. That it is 
our unanimous resolution to pursue the original design of com- 
pleting the settlement of sd towns with as much speed as may be, 
provided we can be accomodated with roads &c., and be allowed 
a further time to complete the condition of our grant. Your 
petioners therefore pray the lands from Conway to Errol, may be 
be made liable to pay the expenses of making a good passable 
road, through the several grants, under the direction of such a 
committee, as this Honorable Court shall see tit to appoint ; ami 
that further time, to fulfill the conditions of our charters, may be 
granted and that such other proceedings may be had for the relief 
and encouragement of your petitioners, as Honorable Court shall 
seem meet, and as in duty bound shall we pra3^ 
Sat.e.m, 9 Dec 1789. 

Benj. Goodhue, Jonathan Ropes, Wm. West, 

Jona Peele, Wm. Shillaber, Abraham Rand, 

Jacob Ashton, Kdw. Norris, Sam'l Ward, 

Ebcn'r lieckford, Wm. Vans, Joshua Heath. 

True. 287 

We, the proprietors of townships of Errol at Salem, 9 Dec. 1789 
voted that Major Joshua Heath ]r' appointed to jjreseiit tlie fore- 
going petition to the Hon. General Court of New llainpsiiire at 
their next sitting. 

A true copy of sd Proprietors records. 

Edw. Noruis, Pro])' IX cirri-. 

New Hampshire liad but recently been made a union state, 
ami among the h'st of delegates at the convention in 1788, 
when the state of New Hampshire adopted the federal con- 
stitution are found tlie names of Mr. Moses Tnie and Col. 
Jonathan Smith (of Salisbury) as representative of their pro- 
prietors rights. 

It is to be seen by this, that this County of Grafton, even as 
late as the advent of the Trues at Wentworth was without 
roads and scarcely habitations. It was mostly an overgrown 
forest, whose trees even u[) to the time of the Revolution were 
reserved for the use of the Crown. 

Sept. 21, 1764:. When the charter of incorporation of New 
IIamj)shire was granted to Wm. Weaver by Governor Benning 
Wentworth, among other thing, this charter decreed, " that all 
lohite pine trees suitable for masts, should be reserved, for the 
use of the Royal Navy; and the sign of the broad arrow, or 
the large R (Rex) was put upon them by agents of the English 
Government, who were commissioned to travel about, for this 
purpose. This clause in the charter, was the occasion of the 
famous " pine tree riot," which occurred during the adminis- 
tration of Governor Weaver when a King's surveyor, was sent 
into the town, to carry out this unjust law. His demands were 
resented by the settlers, and in consequence of this disregard of 
his majestys will, and open defiance of his deputies ; the sheriff 
was sent to Governor Weaver, with warrants for the arrest of 
the rebellious subjects. This n)an met with rather rough re- 
ception ; when his slumbers at Aaron Quimby's were rudely 
interrupted, at early dawn, by a score of men with blackened 
faces, who burst into his i-oom. di.sarmed him, and gave him a 
most unmerciful whipping; after this treatment, they dis- 
l)atched him back where he came from. He returned, however, 

2SS Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colo'iiy. 

with a company of troops, but tlic rioters fled to the woods and 
were not captured. Many of them were arrested later, and 
subject to a large fine, by the Hon. Justice " Theodore Atkin- 
son" Esq. ; this was ascribed as the "})ine tree riot" and showed 
the same stubborn assistance to British agression, that marked 
the memorable tea party at Boston not two years later." 

Thus may be seen the difficulties encountered l)y Moses and 
Winthrop True, in their effort to furm a new home for them- 
selves, and their family. 

Moses True and Hannah Brown were prosperous and blessed 
with a large family, all of them growing to maturity. Their 
children were: William, Winthrop, Rachel, Betsey, Sarah 
and Hannah, all born at Wentvvorth, N. H. 

Capt. Moses True was a prominent citizen, occupied many 
town offices, was member of the Legislature and died May 25, 
1831, ag. r»,3 ; his family sold their estate and removed from 
the town. Hamiah Brown True, died June 12, 1837, ag. 68. 


Deacon Winturop True, born Salisl)ury, Mass., August 27, 
1770, son of Winthrop True Jr., and Sarah Smith, was married 
to Sarah Clifford of Rumney, N. H., November 10, 1797. 
She, the daughter of John and Sarah CliiTord of Rumney, born 
Nov. 8, 1780. 

Their Children. 

WiM-iAM, Ixirti Wentworth, N. 11., scUlcd in Bodoiubam, Miiiue. 
foni' cliildn'ii. 

WiNTiiitop, born Wentwortb, N. II., died Lowell, Mass., 1830, 

Nancy, Ixirn Wentwortb, N. H., about 1808, died, Danvcrs. 
Mass., August 7, 1857 ; married, Pliilip Henry Saunders, (son of 
Capt. Henry Saunders) Salem, Mass., on December 25, 1835. Sbe 
died, Aug. 7, 1857. 

Winthrop True"^ or Deacon Wintlirop True, as lie was al- 
ways cilled, received his name in honorable remembrance of 
his respected ancestor, Governor Winthrop of Massachusetts. 

True. 2S9 

He went to New Ilaiiipshire at the early age of 21 years, 
living in the town of Wentworth until his death, December 22, 
1852, at the au'e of 82 years. His homestead consisting of 
house, out liuildings and about 20(i acres ot land is still in the 
family ; inherited by a cousin l)y will, and descent ; as, late in 
life he married the widow of his cousin, Currier True; and to 
Elbridge True, son of Currier, this property has descended. It 
is situated upon a grand plateau on the top of a mountain, three 
miles above the valley and i)ictures(pie village of Wentworth, 
comprises a grand woodland, fine cultivated fields, a sheep 
ranch, a comfortable home and housing for his cattle. Peace 
and quiet reign everywhere ; and to one accustomed to the 
excitement and bustle of city life, these possessions seemed a 
sweet relief ; and the regret uf the author was very sincere, 
that in her youth she could not have known and loved and 
honored the possessor. 

Of his life, I can better quote a few lines of his ol)ituary 
written by some loving friend. 

" Winthrop True was one of those good old men, wlio almost 
idolized the youth ; lie was a true friend to the rising generation : 
and prohably no man in the town, was held in higlier esteem, by 
the young people than was the Deacon ; for such was his title, 
for many years. Well do I remember liim in my youthful days, 
for his many jokes, and the th<»usand stories, of his earlv days in 
the forest land, which lie would relate, in the winter evenings, to 
the young boys and girls, who used to assemble at his house, for 
this purpose. lie lived a kind neighbor, a devoted husband, a re- 
spected townsman, and at a gn^atly advanced age went down to 
the grave like a siiock of corn fully ripe." Deacon Winthrop 
True died November 22. 1852, ag. 82. 

Nancy True, (jniy daughter of Winthrop True, had the mis- 
fortune to lose her mother in early youth. She was of a sad, 
religious nature, sensitive and tender, and of scarcely strength 
to resume the cares and responsibilities of married life. She 
died Aug. 7, 1857, leaving the following children. 

290 Founders of Massachtisetts Bay Colony. 


Nancy True, born Wentwortli, X. H., ISOS, died Dauvers, 
Mass., Aiii^. 7, 1857, married Philip Henry Saunders, son of 
Captain Henry Saunders, December 25, 1835. 

Their Children. 

Eliza Ann Saundeks, b. Sept. 9, 1837, unmarried. 
WiNTiiKop True Saundeks, 1). Oct. 19, 1839, d. 1842. 
Sauaii Si'KAGIE Saundeks, b. July 24, 1843, married, ("apt. David 
Smith, Corps of Eug'rs U. S. N. June 25, 1867. 


Sarah Spraguk Saunders, born July 24, 1843, daughter of 
Philip Henry Saunders and Nancy True, was married at St. 
Mark's Chapel, Boston, by the Rev. Geo. D. Wilkes of Salem, 
Mass., on July 25, 1867, to Captain David Smith, Corps of 
Engineers, U. S. Navy. 

Their Children. 

WiNTiiROP Ci-iFFORD Smitif, b. June 2G. 1870, d. July 7, 1870. 
Allen Loave Smith, b. Aug 6, 1872, d. Jan. 10, 1873. 
Helen Maud Saunders Smith, b. Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Byers Smith, b. March 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe S.mith, b. Oct. 16, 1884. 

Helen Saundrrs Smith. 


True. 291 


IIexry Trie, father of 

Capt. Henky True, father of 

Cai't. William True, father of'T. WiNTiiKoi' True, father <f 

WixTiiRoi' True, -Iimi-., father of 

Deacon AVixthkoi' True, father of 

Nancy True, loife of 

PiiiLir IIenky Saunders, father (f 

Sarah Sprague Saunders, wife of 

Captain David Smith, U. S. N., father of 

Helen Maud Saunders Smith. 

Esther Byers Smith. 

Marie Lowe Smith. 

202 Foundevii of Massach/usetts Bay Colonij. 



Ai'K. 1775, WILLIAM TRUE, appears on the roll of the 
Lexiiig-toii Alarm, of Captain Henry Morrill's Company, 
Colonel Caleb Cushing's Tlegiment, which marched April 10th, 
1775, from Salislniry. Belonged in the town of Salis]»nry. 
Remarks: marched April 20th, 1775. 

October IHtli, 1775, WILLIAM TRUE appears on an 
order, dated North Yarmontli, Oct. It), 1775, for wages for 
two months ow Henry Gardner ; payable to John Hayes. 
Remarks : Sea coast service. 

WILLIAM TRUE appears in a Descriptive List. Entered 
from Cumberland Co. for nine months. Age 18 years, light 
complexion. Town, New Gloucester. Cajitain Harris Com- 
pany. Colonel Pike's Regiment. 

May 3, 177G, WILLIAM TRUE Commisioned. Api)ears 
as 2d Lieut, in Cai)tain Benjamin Evan's Company, Colonel 
Jona Titcomb's Regiment. Remark : 2d Essex Co. Regiment. 
Dated Watertown, April 30, 1770. 

WILLIAM TRUE appears among a list of officers of the 
Massachusetts Malitia as 2d Lieut, in the -Ith Company of the 
2d Essex Company Regiment. Commissioned May 3d, 1776. 

July 3, 1775, WILLIAM TRUE, Private appears on mus- 
ter pay roll of Captain Benjamin Parker's Company until De- 
cember 31, 1775. Time 6 mos., 13 days. Remarks : Stationed 
alonir the sea coast in Cnnd)erland Co. 

July 3d, 1778, Port Arnold, WILLIAM TRUE appears ou 
a list of men entered from Cumberland. 

True. 293 

Jri.v 7, 1770, WILLIAM TRUE appears on a muster roll 
of Cai)t;iiii Joiuitlian JMitclielTs Iiei;iiiieiit. 'rime of Service 
2 mos., (I days. Remarks: Service in exi)irati()ii l^enobscot. 

May 1, 178(1 to Decicmhkk 23, 1783, WILLIAM TliUE 
appears on a Muster R >11 of Captain Isaac Parson's Company, 
Colonel Primes' Regiment. Time 7 months, 23 days. Iloll 
dated North Yarmouth : Service at Eastward. 

WILLIAM TRUE appears amoni;- a list of officers of the 
Massachusetts Militia as 2nd Lieut, in the ith Company, of the 
2nd Essex Co. regiment. 

Ai'RiL 11>, 1775, MOSES TRUE appears on the Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Captain Steven Merrill's Company, Colonel 
Caleb Cushing's Regiment, which marched on alarm of April 
1!>, 1775, from Salisbury. The soldiers belonged to the town 
of Salisbury. Length of service 3)4 days. Marched April 20, 
1775, instead of April 10. 

JACOB TRUE, Private, ai)pears on Lexington Alarm Roll 
of Captain Moses NowelTs Regiment which marched A})ril 
10, 1775, from Newburyport. He was from Newbury})ort. 
Service fo'ur days. Remarks : Yol. 13, p. 17. 

AruiL 10, 1775, EZEKIEL TRUE, Private Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Captain Stephen Merrill's Company, Col. Caleb 
Cushing's Regiment, njarched on the alarm from Salisbury. 
Ezekiel True from Salisbury. Length of service, 3 1-2 days. 
Marched April 20, instead of April 10th. (Lexington Alarm, 
vol. 13, p. 206.) 

August U, 1777, EZEKIEL TRUE, enlisted, November 
30, 1777, discharged. Private in Captain Jonathan Evan's 
Company, Colonel Samuel Johnson's Regiment. Time of ser- 
vice, 3 months, 27 days. Remarks : Roll sworn to in Middle- 
sex Co. (Various service, vol. 18, p. 2-10.) 

Ai'Kii. 10, 1775, DUDLEY TRUE, i)iivate, Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Caj^tain Henry Merrill's Company, Colonel 

294 Founders of MamsacJiusetU Bay Colony. 

Ciilel) (yU8liiiiii''s KeiriniL'iit wliicli marched oii tlie alanu of 
Aj)i-il 10, 1775, fri»in Salisl)nry. From town of Salisbury. 
Length of service 4 days. (Lexington Ahirms, vol. 1"J, ]). isCt.) 

BRADBURY TRUE, 1st Lieut, on Company's return of 
Captain Northley's Compai\y, Colonel Phinney's Regiment. 
Town of North Yarmouth, Maine. Remarks: The date of 
I'oturn not given. Reported enlisted April 24, 1775. 

April 24, 1775, BRADBURY TRUE, 1st Lieut, of Cap- 
tain John Notthley's Company, Colonel Edtnnnd Phinney's 
Regiment. Remarks : From date of enlistment to date of 
marcliing to head<]uarters, July 7th, 1775, equivalent to 74 

OcTOHER (), 1775, BRADBURY TRUE, as Lieutenant in 
Captain Phinney's Regiment, recommended to l)e connnis- 
sioned hy General Washington. Bradhui-y True, Lieut, of 
Captain Northley's Company, Colonel Phinney's Regiment. 
From April 24, 1775. the date of enlistment, to the date of 
marching to headquarters, July 6, 1775, ecpiivalent to lo weeks 
and 3 days. 

BRADBURY TRUE appears on a receipt dated Camhridge, 
Fel)ruary 20, 1770, for pay for Novend»er and December 1775, 
signed by himself and others. 

August 1, 1775, JACOE^ TRUE, Private, appears on muster 
roll of Captain Qunt's Company, Colonel Little's Regiment. 
Enlisted May 2, 1775. Time of service 13 weeks. From N. 
P., age 21 years. He went to (Quebec. 

0(rroBER 0, 1775, JABEZ TRUE, Private, appears on com- 
pany return of Captain Jonathan Evans' company. Colonel 
James Frye's regiment, from Salisl)ury. Remarks: At 
Cambridge reported discharged Aug. 9, 1775. (Vol. 5G, p. S.) 

JABEZ TRLTE appears among signatures to an Order for 
P>ounty Coat, or its equivalent in money, due for the eight 
months' service in 1775 in Captain Jonathan Evans' Company, 

True. 295 

Colonel James Frye's Re<j;iiiient, at Cambridge, Nov. 13, 1775. 
Payable to Captain Evans. (Vol. 57, page file 1.) 

Mav 17, 1775, JABEZ TRUE, Private, a return of Ca]>tain 
Jonatlian Evans' Company, Colonel James Frye's Regiment, 
in camp at Cambridge. (Remarks: Mass. Muster and Pay 
R(.lls, vol. Uf), p. ()«), Arch Collection.) 

June 28, 1775, EZEKIEL TRUE appears on a receipt for 
advanced pay given by Company at Camp Cambridge, Captain 
Jonathan Evans' Company,Col. Frye's Regiment. Vol. 35,p.l53. 

.May n, 1778, JABEZ TRUE, private, appears with rank 
of Private on Muster Roll of Captain Samuel Huses' Company 
of the Guard Regiment, Colonel Jacob Gerrick at Winter Hill. 
Enlisted April 2. Remarks : Year not given, vol. r)9, p. 69. 
Sworn to in Middlesex County. 

JAPEZ TRUE, Private on Muster Roll of Ca])t. Stephen 
Jenkin's Company, Colonel Jacob Gerrick's Regiment. p]n- 
listed October 1-i, 1779, discharged November 22, 1779. Time 
of service 1 month, 20 days. Remarks : Suffolk and Essex- 
County Militia detached to reinforce the army under General 
Washington by Resolve of October 9, 1779, 12 days travel in- 
cluded. (Vol. 20, p. 118.) 

DANIEL TRUE, Seaman, of the officers and ci-ew of the 
Prigantine, Massachussetts. Remarks: Capt. Daniel Sonther, 
enlistment and discharge not given. (Naval Service, vol. 39, p. 25.) 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private ai)pears on a muster and pay 
roll of Captain Benjamin Parker's Company. En. July 3, 
1775, to December 31, 1775; service 6 mos., 13 days. Re- 
marks : Stationed along the seacoast in Cumberland Co. Roll 
sworn to in North Yarmouth. 

JONATHAN TRUP], appears in a list of men in the Con- 
tinental Army out of the 2nd Cumberland Cn. Regiment, Col. 
Jc^nathan Mitchell. From North Yarmoiitli, Captain Hill's 
Company, Colonel Vose's Regiment. Term of enlistment 3 

29() Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

JOHN TRUE, Private, appears on a muster roll of Ca])tain 
Jeremiah Piitman's Company, Colonel Nathan Tyler's Tle<,n- 
inent, for service at Rhode Island on the alarm. Enlisted De- 
ccnd)er 1, 1779, discharged Jan. 1, 1770. Time of service 1 
nio., G days. From Salisbury. 

JOHN TRUE, Private, aj^pears on muster and pay roll of 
Captain Jeremiah Putman's Company, Colonel Nathan Tyler's 
Regiment, for service at Rhode Island, on alarm. Enlisted 
July 2S, 1779, discharged December 1, 1779. Service 4 
months, 3 davs. 

JOHN TRUE, a]>pears on muster roll of Captain Daniel 
Iluses' Company, Colonel Jacob GerrislTs Regiment. En- 
listed November 10, 1777, discharged, February 3, 1778. 
Remarks: Regiment of Guards stationed at Winter Hill. Roll 
dated. In camp. Winter Hill February 9, 1778. Vol. 20, p. 25. 

JONATHAN TRUE appears in a list of men in the Con- 
tinental Army from the county of Cuml)erland, town of North 
Yarmouth. Eidisted from town of North Yarmoutli. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a muster roll of 
Captain Robert Davis' Company of the Mnssachusetts Regiment. 
Col(»nel Joseph Vose for Dec, 1778 ; dated Providence, Jan. 

5, 1778. 

JONATFIAN TRUE appears in a return of men in the 
Continental Army from Captain Edward Russell's 2nd Com- 
pany of 2nd Cundjerland Regiment, dated Dec. 9,1777. North 
Yarmouth. Time three years. Joined Captain Jeremiah Hill's 
Company, Colonel Vose's Regiment. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a pay abstract of 
Captain John Wentworth's Company for travel allownnce. 
Remarks: Residence, North Yarmoutli. Dated Watertown, 
Aug. 20, 177f5. 

-HJNATHAN TRUE, Private, appears a pay abstract of 
Captain John Wentworth's Company, Colonel Aaron Willard's 
Regiment, for travel from his home in North Yai'moufh to 
Bennington. Remarks : Dated .Boston, Jan. 6, 1777. 

True. 297 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a \y.\y abstract of 
Captain John Wentwortli's Company, Colonel Aaron Willard's 
riei;-inient, for travel from Fort Edward to North Yarmouth, 
his iiome. Remarks: Dated Boston, January 15, 1777. 

-K )IIX TRUE, Private of Captain Samuel Iluses' Company, 
Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Rci^iment, enlisted I'cbruary 3, 1778, 
l)ischar<^ed March 12th, 1778. Service 1 month, 9 days. 
Remarks : Roll dated. Winter Hill, April 27th, 1778. 

JABEZ TRUE, Private, appears on muster roll and pay 
roll of Captain Moses Nowell's Company, Colonel Titcombs 
Regiment. Enlisted May, 4, 1777. Discharged July 4, 1777. 
Service 2 months and 9 days. lie was from the town of Salis- 
bury. Remarks: Arrived at Providence, May 4, 1777, and 
there remained until discharged. (Vol. 21, i)age 164.) 

JABEZ TRUE, Private, appears on muster roll of Captain 
Samuel Huses' Cotn])any, Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment. 
Eidisted A])ril 2, 1778. Discharged July 4, 1778. Service 3 
months and 3 days. (Vol. 20, page 13.) 

JOHN TRUE, Private, a])pears on muster roll of Cai)tain 
Eichard Titcomb's Company, Colonel Nathaniel Wade's Regi- 
ment. Enlisted, July 4, 1780; discharged, October 10, 1780. 
Service 3 mos., 20 days. (Vol. 23, p. 142.) 

JONATHAN TRUE, ap,pears in a list of men in Con- 
tinental Army out of the 2nd Cumberland (Joiupany, Colonel 
Jonathan Mitchell's Regiment, April 29, 1778, belonging to 
North Yarmouth. Service in Hill's Company, Colonel Vose's 
Regiment, term 3 years. Jonathan True, Private, appears on 
a muster roll and pay roll of Ca})tain Robert Davis' Company 
of the Massachusetts Regiment, Colonel Joseph Vose for Jan. 
1779, dated Fel)ruary 4th., 1779. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on Continental 
Army pay accounts of Captain Hancock's Company, Colonel 
Vose's Regiment to May 12. 177;>. Credited to the town of 
North Yai'mouth. 

298 Founder X of ILissachusetts Bay Colony. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on muster and pay 
roll of Ca])tain John Gray's Company, Colonel Jonathan 
Mitcheirs Jleginient. Enlisted July 7, 1779. Time 2 months, 
C) days, liemarks : Roll dated North Yarmouth. Service in 
expedition at Penobscot. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a pay roll of 
Captain Robert Davis' Company, Colonel Joseph Vose's Regi- 
ment, dated March 4, 1779, for service January 31, 1779 to 
February 2S. 1779. Service 1 month. 

JONATHAN TRUE appears on an order dated at Provi- 
dence, February 13, 1779, for gratuity given by himself and 
other privateers in Captain Robert Davis' Company, payable 
to Bill Yose, paymaster to Colonel A^ose's Regiment. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a muster and 
pay roll of Captain Davis' Company, Colonel Jos. Yose's Regi- 
ment, for November, 1778, dated December 9, 1779. Jonathan 
True appears in a statement of continental balances in Colonel 
Yose's Regiment. Time, engaged for 3 years. Remarks : 
Certified February 15, 1780. 

JOHN TRUE, Corporal, appears in muster i-oll of Captain 
John Robinson's Company, Colonel AVilliam Turner's Regi- 
ment, for service at Rhode Island on the Alarm. Enlisted 
August 12, 1781. Discharged December 1, 1781. Service 3 
months, 23 days. From Salisbury. Rhode Island service. 
(Yol. 3, page 115.) 

JOHN TRUE appears with raidv (»f Corperal on a warrant 
to pay offercers and men, borne on a roll bearing date March, 
1783, of Captain Joseph Pierce's Company. Remarks : Colonel's 
name not given. A^ol. 27, ]). 257. 

JOHN TRUE appears on a warrent to pay officers and men 
borne on a roll bearing date Jan. 31, 1783, of Captain Jeremiah 
Putmau's Company, Colonel Nathan Tyler's Regiment, Rhode 
Island service. 

True. 299 

NATHANIEL TRUE appears on a list of men Cuni- 
Iterlaiul fur the term of nine months from the time of theii- 
arrival at Fishkiil, as returned l»y P>ri<<. Samuel Thompson, 
Brunswick, July 1, 177S. Town from New (xloncester. 

OBAD TRUE appears on a receipt dated April 24, 1782, 
for £6. Given by Daniel Pillsbury, Captain. 

NATHANIEL TRUE, appears on an order dated North 
Yarmouth, October, 16, 1775, for wages for 2 months service 
given l)y himself and others, on Henry Gardner payable to 
John Hayes. In Captain Benjamin Perkin's Company. Sea- 
coast service in Cumberland County. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Private, a])})ears on a muster return of 
Captain Wheelwright's company, Colonel Benjamin Tupper's 
Regiment, January 25, 177s. P>elonged to Sanfoi-d, mustered 
by Colonel Varrick. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Corporal, on a pay abstract, Colonel 
Benjamin Tupper's Regiment for service Oct., December, 1780, 
Boston, June 14, 1780. Remarks: Enlisted for during the war. 

OBADIAH TRUE, appears in a description list of men 
belonging to Sanford ; age, 22 years; stature, 5 feet, G inches ; 
conplextion, dark; hair bhick ; enlisted January, 1780. Time 
during war, joined Captain Thomas Francis Company, 11th 
Regiment. Rank Coporal. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Private, appears on a muster roll of 
Captain Samuel Page's Company, Light Infantry Company, 
Colonel Tupper's 15th Regiment, dated at West Point, April 
5, 1779. Enlisted March 10, 1777. Time of service, two 
years, twenty -five days. 

OBADIAH TRUE appears in a list of men in the Conti- 
nental Army from the county of York, town of Stanford. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Private, appears on a muster and pay 
roll of Captain Daniel Wheelwright's Company, Colonel 
Ebenezer Francis' Regiment. Eidistcd March 1(>, 1777. Dis- 
charged April 20, 1777. 

300 Foiinders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

SAMUEL TliUE, Piivutc. appears on a muster roll of Cap- 
tain Samuel 1 1 use's Oouipauy of the (iaurd Tlegiment, Colonel 
Jacob Gerrisli, dated AVinter Hill, May 11, 1778. Enlisted 
K\^\•\\ 2nd. 

SiVMUEL TRUE, Private, appears on the Lexinii^ton Alarm 
Roll, Captain Stephen Merrill's Conn)an_v, Colonel C'aleh 
Cushini;"s Ivei2;iment, which marched April 11), 1775, from 
Salisbury. IJeloni^ed to Salisbury. Remarks: Marched A j)ril 
20, 1775, instead of April lU, 1775. 

SAMUEL TRUE, Private, aj^pears on the muster and pay 
roll of Captain Samuel II use's Company, Colonel Jacob 
(lerrish's Regiment. Enlisted April 2, 1778. Discharged 
July 4, 1778. Time, three months, three days. 

SAML^EL TRUE, appears among a list of men on l)oard the 
Sloop, Pi'ovidence. who have prize shares in the ship Alexan- 
der, captured Se])tember 20, 1777. 

THOMAS TRI^E, Private, ap])ears on the Lexington alarm 
roll of Captain Henry Morrill's Company, Colonel Caleb Cnsh- 
ing's Regiment which marched April 10, 1775, from Salisbury. 
Belonged to Salisbusy. Service 8 days. 

AARON TRUE, Private, under Captain Stepiien Jeid<ins' 
Company, Colonel Jacob Geridsh's Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 
14, 1770, dischai'ged, November 22, 1770. Remarks: 12 days 
travel included. Town not given. 

ZEBULON TRl'E appears as a Private on the muster and 
pay roll of Captain , Colonel Benjamin Tup^ier's 10 Regi- 
ment. Enlisted April 1, 1782. Time months. Remarks : 
Roll made up to January 1, 1783. 

ZEBULON TRUE appears among a list of men. Names 
on a waije account for 1778-S2 of Colonel Marshall's and 
others. Regiment not indentitied. 

S^Correct coiiy from li evolutionary lioJl, f<tate House, 
Boston fht. 22, 1896.] 

True. 301 

FiKsr (;knek.\'I'1()N. 

11i:.m;v 'I'lcKW and Isreal I'ikc, (^daii^'liter of .l<«lm Pike, a 
lawyer and niairistrate, and sister to Major liohert Pike, whose 
wife was Sarah Sanders, (hiuo-hter of Captain .li.lm Sanders,) 
were married at Salem, Mass., 1(543. 

TlIKIK ('nil.l)KKN. 

1. 11k>cuy, Isl uioiUli, sth (lay, 1(544; Itap. First cliunli, Saleiu, 


2. .Joiix, haj). July 18, 1045. 

3. Mauy, bap. March 14. 1017. 

4. LYni.\, hap. Feh. 4, 1049. 

5. Joseph, hap. I^'cb. 8, 1053. 

0. Bkn.j.\min, hap. Fch. 19, 1054. 
7. .Tkmim.v, hap. Ai>nl 20, 1057. 


Israel Pike Tiuk, widow of Henry True, married, 2nd, 

Joseph Fletcher of Salisbury, a widower. In an old Fletcher 

will she is mentioned as his beKjvcd wife, Israel. Mention is 

made of our four children, ''Henry True, Josei)li True Jennma 

True and Mary Fletcher." The homestead conveyed by 

Joseph Fletcher to Henry- True is now in possession of Prince 

Albert True, son of dabez True, a lineal descendant of Ilenryi 

True. This homestead, a grand <>ld liouse with out biiihiing-s 

and stables of the most approved style, has been rei)roduced as 

it were, from the oriy;inal home; and suiroundeil by its half 

hundred of acres or more, is one of the linest properties in 

Salisbury. I am very much indebted to Mr. Prince Albert 

True for the carefully preserved records of this family. There 

is a curious legend as regard names in the True family which 

has descended to this generation. It has been said that the 

Trew's, though religious refugees, were true Royalists; and in 

opposition to the tyranical doctrines of the reign ol the 

" (Jeorges" they for generations refused to allow a son to be 

named "George" in the True family; that Mr. Jabez True 

302 Founder,^ of If assachu setts Bay Colony. 

upon tlic accession of I*imiicc Alhci't to the Tviiigdom of Great 
Ijritian as the liusl)aii(l of Victoria, named their son I'rince 
All)ert out of I'espect to the crown. 

However ti'ue this legend is I know not, except that the 
Town Clerk assures me that no one in the town of Salisbury 
was named '' George " ])revious to 1S(H) ; though he also assures 
me that no town was more loyal to the (colonial government. I 
can also testify that no family was m(»re loyal to the lievolii- 
tionarv struj^ule than the True's and their connections. 


Capt. IIknkv True, {Henry) horn, is Jiin., I(ii4, mai'ried 
March 15, UKIS, Jane Bradl)ury of Sa]isl)ury, (daughter of 
Ca])t. Thomas Bradbury and Mary Perkins) born May 11, 1()15. 

Their Childken. 

1. Maky, 1). May 30, 10G8, in. Fcli, 5, 1G.S8-U, Ephriam Eaton. 

2. VViLLiAM, 1). .June 1070, d. March 8, ITi'd, murriud Eleanor 

Stevens, 1(592. 

3. Hknky. 1). Jan. 0, 1073, d. Nov. 1, 1722, m. Dee. 30, 1091), 

Abagail French. 

4. .fANK, b. Dec. 5, 1070, ni. -tunc 10, 1702, Edward French. 

5. .I()M.\, 1). Feb. 23. 1078, married .lunc 10, 1702, Martha Mer 

rill. He died Nov. 10, 1754. 
0. .1 K.MIMA, b. May 10, 1080, m. Oct. 30, 1700, Thomas Bradbury. 
7. ,jAnKZ, b. 1085, d. May 22, 1749, ag. 04, m. .Jan. 8, 1707,Saraii 



Cai't. William True(C«J!??J. Henry., Henry) born June 1()70, 
died March S, ITo?), married Eleanoi- Stevens 1002. She, the 
daughter of Renjamin Stevens and llaiiiiali I'arnard, born rian. 
2, l(i75, died Aj)r. 2i>, 17(!8. 

Their Ciiilhren. 

1. I^ENJAMiN, b. .Jan. 18, 1093 d., April 21, 1770, ni. Dec. 20, 
1717, .Judith Morrill. 

True. 303 

2. M.Mtv. h. Fcl). ','(!, KiD"), 111. Ismil Shoplicrd April ;J, 1718. 

4. C.M'T. Wii.i.i AM, li. Nov. 1(1. 1700, (I. .luiic 10, 17(iS, in. Nov. 

•J. 17',M, AiiiKi IJradhiin. 
.-i. .T.vNK, b. Ocl. 11. 1703. 
(i. Ei.K.vNOK, b. Nov. 4, 1705. 
7. IlENitv. 1). Dec. 26, 1707, d. May, 1778, in. Sept. I'J, 1727, 

Aim Allen. 

5. WiNTiiitop, 1). Alii;-. 18, 1710, (1. July Ofi, 178."), m. Juno LI. 

1732, Dorothy Cuiricr ; iX'sidcd Uorky Hill, Salisi)ury. 
9. S.^MiEi,, b. Jan. 13, 1713, d. Oct. 18, 1770, in. Jan. 15, ]73o-G, 

Ann Currier. 
10. JrniTir, b. Nov. 20, 1715, d. Jan. 7, 1710. 


JEMOFA {TTenry^ Ifenr'y)^ ]>orii May 16, 1680. mnrnVd 
Oct. 3t>, ITtMi/riioinas ni-a(ll)iii'v. 


JANE {^ILnwij. Henry), horn Dec. 5, 1076, married .lime 
16, 1702, Edw. B>encli. 


1., b. Sept. 11, 1702-3, m. Jan. 10, 1722-3, William Gill. 

2. John, b. Jan. 12, 1703-4, m. Sept. 4, 17:50, Mary Brown. 


DEACON JAUEZ TRUE, {Caj>t. Henry, Henry) l.orn 

Oct. 1685, died. May 22, 174!.>, aged 64, married .laii. 8, 17<i7. 

Sarah Tappaii. 

TiFEiK Children. 

1. M.Miv, b. Oct. 1, 1708, 111. An-;-. IC. 1727, Henry Eaton. 

2. S.vuAH, b. Jan. 2, 1710, m. Dec. 11, 1729, Mose.s Merrill. 

3. Hmzakktu, 1). .Alay 21, 1713, ni Dr. Samuel (;yler, Jidy 2. 


30-i l^uundem of MasaavJiuatAU lUnj Colon y. 

4. .lAi'.KZ, I). Sept. 1, 1714, 111. Snnili Hiiton, Feb. 10, 1740. 

5. Jank, ]). Sept. 5, 17I(i, ni. Jan. 11, 17:36-7, Joseph Eaton, Jr. 
(•>. Jkmima, b. June 10, 17:20, m. Feb. 18, 1741, Joseph True. 

7. Ahigaii,, b. Nov. 'i(\, 1722, m. Bradbury. 

8. Mautha, b. July 18, 1723, d. .\pr, 20, 1754, ni. Dee. ID, 1742, 

Abraham Eatou. 

9. Cai't. Hknhy, b. Oct. 17, 1725, d. May 22, 1782, graduate II. 

C. 1750, m. Nov. 30, 1753, Pvuth Ayer b. Nov. 17, 172S, d. 
Jan. 18, 1810. 
10. Dkacon Samuel, b. Dec. IG, 1725, d. Nov. 10, 1815, m. April 
11, 1754, Widow Hannah Kimball Hazeltine of Haverhill, 
Mass., who died July 21, 1768. He married second Sarah 
Miles of Newbury. Slie died Feb. 17, 1812. 


SERGEANT JOSEPH TRUE, {Henry, Henri/), l.oni, 
l)eceiiil)er 22, 1052, iiiarriod Aj)!-. 20. 1073, Riitli Wl'iittier. ' 

Thkik Chi[,l»hen. 

1. Ism:Ai„ b. Dee. 14, 1674. 

2. Joseph, b. Dec., 1676. 

3. John, b. Aug-. 18, 1677 : d. Dee. 13, 1677. 

4. JosKiMi, 1). March 4, 1678 ; m. Oct. 6, 1707, Hester Hibliard. 

5. ItiTii, b. Oct. 5, 1683 ; d. 1720; m. Oct. 26, 1703, Capt. John 


6. P.KN.iAMiN, b. March 5, 1690: d. July 4, 1748; m. Jan. 14, 

1718, Mary Eaton. 


ENSIGN HENRY TRUE, (//^';^;7/. Henry,) hovu Jan. 0, 

inc:!: (lied Nov. 1, 1722; inarried. Dee. 20, 1000, Al.i-ail 


TiiEiR Ciiijj)i;kn. 

1. Samikl, b. Nov. 29, 1700; d. June 29, 1701. 

2. Samuel, b. Apr. 29, 1703. 

3. AnioAiL, 1). June 3, 1704 ; m. Nov. 24, 1722, Joseph Page. 

4. JosEi'H, I). Dec. 23, 1706; I. .^I. Oct. 23, 1741, Jemima True. 

5. Joshua, b. March 9, 1710.' 

True. 305 

G. Hannah, b. Sept. 3, 1708: in. March 9, 1720, Samuel Moody. 

7. Maky, 1). Alay *>, 1710 ; m. Feb. 28, 1728, Necniiliiah Pa,^^e(V). 

8. Sakah, b. Jan. 14, 1712 : in, Jan. 16, 1722, Jabcz Katun (V). 


DEACOX JO FIN TliUE, (-/^/«?, Henry, Uenrtj^Umx Jan. 
12. 1703-4; iiianied, Sept. 4, 1730, Mary r.rowii. 


1. Thomas, b. Sept. 27, 1731. 

2. Maky, b. May 13, 1734. 

3. John, b. Oct. 14, 1737. 

4. Sus.\NNA, b. Jan. 5, 1739. 
0. AiiNKK, I). Jan. 15. 1741. 

6. Danikl, b, Jan. 12, 1743 ; d. Dec. 29, 1744. 

7. RiTii, b. Dec. 7, 1748 : d. Jan. (5, 1749. 

8. MiKiAM, b. Jan. C, 1750. 

9. Moses, b. Nov. 30, 1751. 
10. EnriuA^r, b. Dec. 21, 1756. 


EZEKIAL (Deacon John, Copt. Henry, Henry), l)oni June 
1, 1707. I. M. April 2(», 1744 to Mary Morrill. 


1. Sarah, 1). Sept. 29, 1746. 

2. Dkacon Jacob, b. March 16. 1748. 1. M. March 20, 1773 to 

Lydia Dow of Seabrook. 

3. Deacon Ezekiat,, h. May 16, 1755 ; d. July 24, 1842 at Mont- 

ville, Mich ; I. M. July 3, 1780 to Mary True ; b. March 19, 
1757 ; (1. Dec. 24, 1824 ; children, Hannah and Sanuiel ; 
b. ]\Iontville, Mich. 

4. Mai'.v, I). May 16, 1765; ni. Jan. 10, 1778, William True. 

5. Deacon Jaiu:/., b. Mar. 9, 1758; d. Feb. 9, 1851 ; m. April 13, 

1783, Hannah Katon ; d. July 20, 1808. 
6 Deacon John, b. Mar. 11, 1762 ; m. Jan. 24. 1797 ; first, Me- 
hitable CJram ; second, widow Jemima Dodirc 

7. Deacon Wm-ma.m, b. April 15. 1765: 1. M. to Elizabclh 


8. rAii., b. Sept. 11, 1766; d. Nov. 14, 1785. 

?)0C> Founder.^ of Massachusetts B<iij Colony. 


IlENKY {Caj>i. Williarn, dipt. Iloinj, Henry), Dec. 
2r., 1707; (lied May, 177s ; I. M. Sept. 10, 1727, Ann Allen, 
who died Aug. IS, 1756. 

TiiKiR Children. 

1. JosKPii, b. Dec. 7, 1728; I. M. Nov. 4, 1749, A1)i,ii!iil Page: 

2. Maky, b. S('iit. 26, 17:?0. 

3. MiKiAM, b. Aug. l(i, 173:3. 

4. Newcomb, b Jan. S, 1735 ; d, Aug. 11, 1755. 

5. DrnLEY, b. Nov. 7, 1737. 

(•). IlnoDA, b. Fob. 2, 1742 ; I. M. Dec. 4, 17G2, to Joseph Bagley. 
7. ]{UTU, b. : (1. Nov. 4, 1752. 


SAMUF2L, {Capt. William, Cajd. Henry, Henry,) born 
Jan. 13, 1713; died Oct. IS, 1770; married Jan. If), 1735-6, 
Ann Currier. She died Nov. 16, 1742. 


1. , 1). Oct. 24, 173(>; (1 Nov. 3. 1730. 

2. DruLEY, b. Nov. 7, 1737 ; d. Feb. 16, 1S04 ; ni. Die. 10, 1703, 

Sarah Evans. 

3. Er,EANOU, 1). Jan. 30, 1740 ; m. July 31, 1700, David Evans. 


RENJAMIN,(6V/^>^. 117// /Vry//, Capt. Henry, //enry,)uv,iiT\cA 
Dec. 26, 1717, Judith Merrill. 

TiiEiR Children. 

1. Deacon Ahraham, b. May 28, 1721 ; I. M. Feb. 22, 1744. to 

Sarah French: settled in Deertield, N. IT. 

2. Hannah, b. March 1, 1724. 

3. Ben.iamin, b. Nov. 25, 1725 : d. Feb. 11, 1720. 

4. Mary, b. Feb. 15, 172G. 

5. Betty, b. Jan. 17, 1727. 

'I'rae. 307 

(1. Ki;ii5K.N. 1). June 2(1, 17:j2, I. M., .luiic lo, ITIS, KaniLih Os- 
good. (V) 

7. .luDiTii, 1). .Inly 1734. 

8. Wii.i.iAM, I». Aug. 1, 17;{7, 1. .M Dec. 17G;5 Miriam Clough. 
!l. l).\Mi;i,, h. Aug. 21, 1742. 


CAl'T WIJ.LIAM, (6Vv>?'. \Vlllhi,ii,L\ipt. l/mryjlenr;/;) 
l) Nov. 1(), 1701, (lied June 10, 17G8, {i) iiiurricd Nov. 9, 
1721, Anna Bradbury, who died May 18, 1774. 

Tmeib Children. 

1. .Jonathan, b. Feb. 8, 17:21 ; in. Amu; .North Variiiouth, 


2. William, b. Nov. 18, 1723. 

3. J.UOI5, b. Feb. 19, 172.5. 

4. Eleanok, b. Apr. 14, 1728. 

5. AViLLLVM, b. .June 20. 1730; died Maivb 17, 173(5. 

6. Elizabeth, b. Oct. l.j, 1732 ; d. May Vd, 1737. 

7. BuADBUKY, b. Nov. 18. 1734 ; d. .Tune 4, 1737. 

8. Sakaii, b. Sept. 8, 1730. 

9. BuADUURY, b. July 29, 1738. 

10. Elizabeth, b. .May 23, 1742. 

11. Eli.iaii, b. July 14, 1744 : I. M. Oct. 3, 17G7, Sarah Clillord. 
12 Thomas, b. April 18, 1746 ; d. Sept. 27, 1785 ; I. M. Miuy 30, 

1769, Mary Hubbard. 


RIJTII, [./ox,q>/i, (Japt. Jlenry, Henry,) horn Oct. 5, 1683; 
married Oct. 26. 1703, Capt. Jolni Giles of Casco, Maine. 

Tiii:ii: Children. 

1. LsKALL, b. Dec. 23, 1702 ; d. Aug. 2.J, 1712. 

2. Abaoiah, b. Sept. 20, 17(J4. 

3. liKHAi;!), b. Sept. 20, 1706. 

4. KiTii, b. Nov. 20, 1718. 

308 Founders of Massachunetts Bay Colony. 


15ENJAM1N, {-Jof'.eph^ Cajit. Henry., Ilennj^} iiuirried Jan. 
4, 1715, Mary Eaton. 

Their Children. 

1. BEN.yAMTN, d. July 17o0. 

2. .Joseph, born 1710; d. Oct. 27, 174.5. 

8. Mai!y, 1). Fd>. G, 1717 : d. I\Iarch 15, 1717. 

4. RuTii, h. Apr. 1, 17151; m. .Ian. 22, 173.5-0, Beuja. Baker. 

5. :\rAKv, b. May 1, 1721. 

G. Hannah, b. juue .5, 1722. 

7. Ki;TrKAH, b. Feb. 14, 1724 ; m. Feb. 11, 1741, Enoch Marsli. 

8. t^AKAH, b. Feb. 14. 1724. 

9. Ahioail, b. Dec. 10, 1720. 

10. -Jemima, b. Feb. 20, 1728 : d.- Feb. 22. 173G. 

11. JMauy, b. Feb. 13, 1729 : d. .Ian. 21, 1730. 

12. IIesiah, b. Oct. 2, 1731 ; d, Dec. 14, 1731. 

13. Anna, b. May 17, 1739 : d. .Ian. 14, 1730. 

14. Meiu V, b. May 10, 173.J ; d. Jan. 31, 1736. 

15. Moses, 1). Oct. 17, 1740 (V). 

10. Ben.iamen, b. June 1, 1730: ni. Dec. 2, 1752, Meliitable 
Osgood (?j. 


DEACON ABRAHAM, {Benjamin. Capt. WiU{a?ii, Capt. 
Henry, Henry ^ born Mav 28, 1721; I. M. Feb. 22, 1744, 
Sarah Frencli. 

Their Ciiii.nREN. 

1. Hannah, 1). Dec. 2, 1740; d. Dec. 1748, Deertield, N. H. 

2. Sarah, b. Jiuie 24, 1748 ; ui., had two sons — three dauglilers. 

3. EzKA, resided Deertield, N. H., had two children, Sally and 


4. Deacon Ahkaham, b. 1755; d. 1827; resided at Chichester, 

N. H., was a prominent man. ]\Ieml)er (4. C. Ue]>. to 

5. Ben.evmin, had 7 sons and 5 daughters. 

0. Daniel, had ;> sons and 5 daughters ; resided Deerfiekl, N. H. 

7. Joseph, b. Deertield, N. H.; resided Garland, Maine. 

8. WiNTHROP, resided at Meredith, N. H. 

Trm. 309 


CAi'T. WlNTlli:()l\ {('«id. William, Caj>L llcnnj, 

Henry,) born Aui;. Is, ITU'; died July 2(5, ITSn; iiuirriod 

June 15, 1730, Dorothy Currier, Itoru "Sow. 22, 1711, d;iui;liter 

of Samuel Currier, horn 1675, who uuirried Dec. 14, 1700, 

1 )orothy Foot. 

Their CniLDUEN. 

1. CriMUKK, h. June 15, 1782; d. Wentwortli, N. II., April :!(), 


2. Doiuniiv, b. March 11, 17;};!, died saiiic day. 

'i. DuKOTiiY, 1). iMarcli, 17:34 ; in. Deacon David Tew .xhiuy. 

4. IsuKAF,, 1). .liily ;!1, 17;i'> ; resided in Maine. 

5. JMosEs, b. Fel). G, 1787, I. M., Widow Sarah Sinith-Tnie, 

•January 26, 1775. She, the daugliter of Hon. Samuel 
Smith and widow ol' his brother, Wiutliroii True .Jr., who 
died Oct. 8, 1770. 

6. WiNTiiKOP, b. Sei)t. 14, 1744 ; died Oct. 8. 1770 ; m. Jan. 80, 

1700, S.'irali Smith, b. July 1, 1741, dau. ol' Hon. Samuel 
Smith and Mary Gove. 

7. Ann.\, b. Oct. 27, 1748 ; d. Dec. 18, 1748. 

8. Ann.\, b. March 11, 1745; married William Smith, brother of 

Sarah Smith True and son of lion Samuel Smith of Salis- 
bury. This family settled in N(!\v Hampshire of whom 
Hon. Hoke Smith, a member of i'residcnt Cleveland's 
Cabinet is a lineal descendant. William Snnth, husband of 
Anna True, died July 2, 1810, ag-, 09, and is buried at Salis- 
bury, Mass. 
J.\cor., b. Apr. 7, 1740 ; m. Abaj^ail Paige. 

10. EiiENEZKU, b. July 2, 1752 ; d. Aug. 22, 1799 ; m. Apr. 21, 

1774, Iluth Stevens, no issue. 

11. William, b. Jan. 5, 1755 ; d. Sept. 22. 1770, ag. 15. 


DEA(X)N M()SES,(6'a^>(!. Wintnroj?, Capt. Henry, Henry,) 
horn Fel). 0, 1737, married Widow Sarali Smith True, Jan. 2(5, 
1775, (I. M.) 



Wir.i.iA.M, b. Jidy 10, 1770; d. Sept. 8, 1821. 1. iSI. Jan. 10, 
1802 Susannah Lowell. She died Apr. 22, 1879, ag. 97. 

310 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colomj. 


WINTIlliOI* JlIN'li, (Caj>t. Winthrop, Capt. Wdliaui, 
Capt. Ihnry, /A^?//'^,) bom Sept. 14, 174-1:; married Jan. 30, 
ITo^) Siirali Smith horn July 1, 1741, daughter of IIou. Samuel 
Smith and Alary (love. 

Their Ciiildkkn. 

1. DoKOTiiY, b. Oct. 17G7 : in. Ahd .Jiickmaii. 

2. Moses, b, Sept. H, ITOS, muriii'd Ilaimah Brown. 

3. WiNTHKoi'. b. Aug-. 27, 1770 ; diud Nov. 22, 1852 ; mariicd 

Sarah Clillord of Kuiiiney, N. H., Nov. 10, 1797. 81ic, the 
daughter of -Jolm and Sarah ClilTord, born Nov. 8, 1780. 


SARAH, {Rev. Ilinry, Deacoji Ja}>e:i, Capt. Henry, Henry) 
l)orii June 8, 17«;7; died Eeh. ^21, 1841; married Eeh. 23, 
1797, John Howard, horu June 20, 1760; died July 27, 1848. 

Their Children. 

1. RiTii AvKU, b. :\Iar. 22. 17«)8. HesubMl Ilanistead, 1859. 

2. jMaky, b. Dec. 20, 179(» ; d. March 1, 1819. 
8. Hann.vii Tri-k, b. Sept. 14, 1801. 

4. IIkv., b. Aug. 22, 1804 ; m. Fdizabeth Gilman of Meri 

detli, N. H. : d. Nov. 22, 1755. 
.5. SAKAir. b. March 8, 1808 ; d. Sept. 8, 1810. 

6. IIio.NurKTTA, 1). March 21. ISOfi; d. Oct. 2(i, 1858. 

7. xVnnk Makia, b. May 11, 1810. 


REV. HENRY, {liev. Henry, Deacon J ahez, Capt. Henry. 
Henry,) hora May 20, 1770; died April 17, 1857, was repre- 
sentative in 1706. A professor in 18()6 at Marion, Me., 
married, Aug. 2, 1810, Mary Barret, Ijorn June 5, 1784; died 
Feb. 18, 1856, at Marion, Me. 

True. ;j i 1 

Thp:iu Childkkx. 

1. DoCToi; IlKMtY, b. Aul,^ 10, 1S13 : m. Nov. 12, 1841, Eli/al.clli 


2. M.vuY Harrktt, 1). Aug. 28, 181i) : lu. May IC, 1843, Elijali 


3. Amos, b. July 22, 1826 ; d xVug, 0, 1826. 


SAMUEL, ^Deacon Samuel, Deacon Jahez, Cajyt. Henry, 
Henry,) born Apr. 2, 1750; died June 13, 18i7; married, 
Marcli 2, ITSS, Anne Pike, born Jan. 9, 1762. 

Their Ciiildkkn. 

1. LvDiA, b. Aug. 20, 1784. 

2. Moses, b. April 22, 1787: in. Jan. •"), 1818, Rutb Greeley, b. 

Nov. 3, 1792. 

3. H.VNN.vir, b. Feb. 20, 1791 : d. July 6, 1812 : m. Feb. 20, 1811 

Capt. Caleb Pike. 

4. Anne, b. Nov. 16, HOo ; m. January, 1825. Jolui Collins. 

5. S.\MrRT.. b. Marcli 16, 1798. 


DEACON JABEZ {Ezelial, Deacon John, Capt. Henry, 
Henry), born March 9, 1758; died Feb. 9, 1851 (^) ; married 
April 13, 1783, Hannali Eaton. 

Their Children. 

1. EsTiiEK, b. Jan. 28, 1784 ; m. Nov. 10, 1813, Joshua Davis, b. 

Feb. 18, 178.'). Resides West Brewster, Miiuiesota. 

2. Sak.mi, b. Marcli 12, 1785: ni. Pattie Flanders: d. Dee. 12, 

1853, Warren, N. H. 

3. P.MJL, b. Sept. 25, 1786, uimiarricd. Resided Salisbury, N.H. 

4. Omvkh, b. Dec. 6, 1787 at llainpton, N. II : m. June 29. 1S33 

at West Brooklield, N. Y., Sarali Mason, b. March 4, 18U3, 
Salisbury. Resided Peoria, 111., in 1859. 

5. JosKiMi, b. April 15, 1789; in. Polly Jones; resided in Chicago, 

6. II \.\N.\ii, 1). July 31,1790; in. Moses Thompson, Newport, N II. 

312 Founders of MassaohusetU Bay Colony. 

7. Jaukz, 1). April 1, 171)1 ; died Nov. 13, 1814; resided Ports- 

iiioiitli, N. H. 

8. Jank, 1). Sept. 29, 171t:i : d. Jan. 24, 1805. 

9. Ar.icAii,, b. Sept. (), 17!).") ; m. Eli/.a Adams, Salisbury, N. II. 

10. Ai.vA, b. Aug. 6, 1797; resided Rives, yackville County, 

Mich., 1854. 

11. John, b. July 7, 1797 ; d. July 20, 18.50 ; m. llannidi Watson 

of Rives, Mich. 


THOMAS, {C<ij>t. WiJliam, Capi. WiUiam, Capt. Henry 
Jlenr//,) \)on\ Apr. 18, 1747; married May 20, 17G0, Mary 

Thkir Ciiildkkn. 

1. Rktty, 1). Dee. 5, 1709-70. 

2. WiLTJAM, b. July 13, 1772. 

3. Jacoi;, 1). May 13, 1774. 


DUI)LE1\ (Srnm/r'K Qij't. WilJnnn, (Jaj>t. Henry, Henry,) 
born Nov. 7, 1737; died Feb. 22, 1S()4 ; married, Dec. 10, 
1763, Sarah Evans. 


1. Samtiki,, b. July 26, 1704 ; d. Aug. 30, 1705. 

2. Samukj,, b. Feb. 22, 1771 ; m. Aug. 3, 1S()7, :\Iary Edwards 

He died July 13, 1823. 

3. lOi.KANoi!, b. Nov. 15, 1707 ; d. Dec. 20, 1782. 

4. Davio, b.. March 9, 1770; in. Sarah Osgood, R. Cornell, Me. 

5. Nannik, b. Aug. 14, 1772; d. July 15, 18.54. 

0. Jane or Joanna, b. Oct. 2. 1774; ni. Oct. 0, 1796, Benja. 

7. Moi.i.Y, b, Sept. 11, 1770; m. Josejiii Merrill. 

8. Ji DiTU, I). Jan. 30, 1779; m. Nov. 1809, \Vm Bartlett. 


DEACON and D0(;T0R JOHN, {E-ekuil, Deeicon John^ 
Cap. Henry. Ihnry,) born March 11, 1702; died Marcli S, 

Tnie. 313 

1S43; married, Jan. 2-1-, 17S7, Meliitable Cram; 2ii(l, Widuw 
Jemima Dodge, 1S17. 


1. I'M i„ li. ^[iircli 23, 1788 ; married Dec. 20, 1814, Nancy Cram. 

b. May 30, 1791. • 

2. Levi, b. Nov. 21, 17!t(l ; municd Manli 2, 1805, Hot.sey Blako, 

b. 1796. 

3. Hannah, b. Feb, (i, 1793 ; iii. March 0, 1S1«, Capt. Nicholas 


4. Olivkk, b. Nov. 4, 179G ; m, May, 1822, Polly Brown. 

5. Saij,y, b. Oct. 18, 1799 ; m. 1817, Joseph Taske. 


DEACON WILLI AM, (i::~cHa/, Deacon John, Ccvpt. Henry, 
Jlenry,) born Apr. 15, 1765 ; married Elizabeth Tucker. 


1. Ebknezer. 

2. Reverend Wim.a.m. 


REUBEN, {Benjamin^Cajyt. William, Capt. Henry, Uenry,) 
married 1752, Ilamiah Osgood. 


1. Ben.famin, b. Apr. II, 17r)9. 

2. Reuben, b. Oct. 2r>, 17()1. 

3. David, b. May 25, 1763. 


WILLIAM, {Jienj., (Jaj>t. William, Henry,. Henry,) 
l»orn Aug. 1, 1737. 1. M. Dec 1763, Miriam (Mongli. 

'J'liKii: ( 'iiii,i)Ki:.\. 

1. AiiEi,, b. Nov. 10, 1704 ; ni. Dec 1. 17S(i, Abigail Brown. 

2. Betsey, b. Feb. 7, 1767. 


Founders of Massaehxi setts Bay Colony. 

3. Jonathan, b. Nov. 19, 1768. 

4. !Sami:el, b. Apr. 15, 1771. 

5. Daniel, b. Sept. 17, 1773. 


DEACON JACOB {Ezekial, Deacon John, Capt. Henry, 
]hnry\ lK)ni March 2r), 1T4S. I. :\[. Marcli 2<:), 1773, Lydia 
Dow of Scabrook. 

Their Children. 

Danikl, resided Lyons, X. X, 


Jacob, Salisbury, N. H. 
Doctor John. 


DEACON EZEKIAL {EzehlaU Deacon John, Capt. Henry, 
Henry), born May 16, 1775; died July 24, 1S42, at Montville, 
Maine; married Mary True; horn March 10, 1757; died 
Deceinl)er 24, 1824, at Montville, Maine. 

Their Children. 

1. Hannah, b. Sept. 14, 1781 ; in. first, O. Knowlton ; second, 

J. Fog.t;-. 

2. Polly, b. Jan. 12, 17S4 ; d. Jan. 2, 1849 : m. T. Dyer. 

3. Nabby, b. Jan, 27, 178G: m. Edward Knowlton. 

4. Betty, b Oct. 20, 1788: d. Mairh 27, 1851 ; m. S. Prescott. 

5. Deacon ]M<)SES, b. May 19. 1791 : resided Mt. Vernon, Ohio ; 

m. Feb, 6, 1814, Lois Knowles : d. 1858. 
(). Pail, b. May 14, 1791 : d. Oct. 29, 1811 ; m. Sallie Knowles. 

7. Reverend John, b. Aui?. 25, 1793 : m. Fanny Taylor. 

8. EzEKiAL, b. Sei)t. 27, 1795. 

9. Pattik, 1). July 10, 1800, at Pittsfield, N. H. ; d. October, 1805. 

True. 315 


JAOOl], {Capt. WiUlani, Cdjd. Wlllitiii, Capt. Henry, 
Ifrnri/^ niarriod Anne 1748. 

TiiEiK Children. 

1. Abel, b. Au,ir. 29, 1751 ; d. Oct. 30. 1753. 

2. Annk, b. Aug. 24, 1749 ; d. Oct. 28, 1753. 

3. Jacoi!, b. Nov. 27, 1752. 

4. Abel, b. Apr. 8, 1750. 

5. NvNME, b. March 11, 1758. 

6. Lucy, b. Jiin. 15, 1760. 

7. Chaklotte, b Oct. 26, 1761. 

8. Eunice, b. Oct. 21. 1763. 


DEA. SAMUEL, {Dea. Jazeb, Capt. Ilenrij, Ilenry^ born 
Dec. 10, 1725; died Nov. 10, 1815; married, Apr. 11, 1754, 
Widow Hannah Kiiul)an Hazeltine, HaverliilK Mass., horn 
May 21. 1729 ; died July 21, 1708. 

TnKiK Children. 

1. Sakau, b. Jan. 27, 1755 ; in. Moses Pike. 

2. Mahy, b. March 19, 1757; d. Dec. 24, 1824; m. Ezekial True. 

3. Samuel, b. Apr. 2, 1759 ; d. June 18, 1847 ; m. Murcli 2, 1783. 

4. Anna Pike. 

5. Maktiia, b. June 11, 1761 ; m. Jan. 13, 1784, Winslow Page. 

6. Jahez, b. Jan. 23, 1764; d. May 2, 1835; m. Nov. 9, 1786, 

Ruth Brown, b. Aug. 17, 1763; d. Oct. 27, 1843. Resided 
on the old site of Heiu-y True. Formerly a])nuf 100 acres, 
now 60 acres. 

7. ELiZAJiETii, b. March 20, 1760; ni. March 8, 1790, Nathan 


8. Ruth, b. July 13, 1768 ; m. Feb. 20, 1791, Nathaniel Oilman 

of Oilman, N. H. 


JiKN'EREXl) .lABEZ, {Deacon tiamuel., Deacon Jahez., 
Capt. ILennj, Henry:) horn Jan. 23, 1764 ; died May 2. 1825 ; 

310 Founders of MaaaachuisetU Bay Colony. 

married, Nov. 9, 1786, Ruth Brown, Imrii Aiii^'. 17, 1703 ; died, 
Oct. 27, 1843. She was dangliter of R. Q. Sales. 


1. John, b. Marcli 27, 1788 : d. A])!-. 1, 1788. 

2. Samukl, (4) b. Auu;. 9, 1789 : m. Oct. 4, 181o, .loaiiiia Stevens, 

b. Feb. 17,1792.'^ 
;i Lois, b. July 20. 1791 : d. July Ki, 179:]. 

4. I)i{. John, born Apr. 4, 179;} ; m. Oct. 1817, Josiuna Baker, 

b. Nov. 2. 1794. 

5. J.vr.KZ, 1). Sept. 28, 1795 ; d. Nov. 16, 1798. 
(!. Lois, b. Feb. G, 1800 ; d July 20, 1808. 

7. l)u. Jaukz, b. Oct. 19, 1802; ni. Dec. 1826, Anna Felt.s, born 

Jan. 17, 1804. Resided at homestead Cai)t. True. 

8. Lois, b. July 30, 1803, 

9. Aiiii.MiAM, b. Sept. 17, 1808; m. Mary liusker. 

10. Hannah, b. July 9. 1809, m.. Jan. 15, 1838, Newell Locke. 


DEACON AliRAIIAM, {Deacon Ahraham, Benjiimiv, 
dipt. Henry, Uenry,) l)urn 1775 ; died 1827. Resided 
Chichester, N. II., married and liad the following children. 

1. Natiianiet,, b. 1780 at Deerrteld, N. IL; resided Cbiebester, 

N. IL, in 1855. Was married and had two sons and four 

2. lL\NNAii, b. 1782 ; d. 1845 ; had I'our sonsand three daughters. 

3. JosKrii, 1). Aug, 1, 1785: resided Chichester, N. H., and 

Salem, Mass. 

4. Deacon Abraham, b. 1788; resided Salem, Mass., since 1819; 

was Naval Officer for four years. 

5. Nancy, b. 1791 ; resided Pittslield, N. II. 

6. John, b. 1793 : d. 1797. 

7. Sally, b. 1796 ; d. 1815. 

8. Benjamin, b. 1798 ; d. 1827 ; resided New York. 

9. John, b. 1804 ; resided Pittslield, N. IL 


DOCTOR JOHN {Beverend Jahez, Beacon Samuel, Dea- 
con Jahez, Ca])t. Henry, Henry), born Api-il l, 1793 ; married 
Oct. 7, 1817, Joanna Baker; born Nov. 2, 1794. 

True. ;)17 

TnEIK CltlinKKN. 

1. CJi.:ou(iE Wasiiin<jton, b. Oct. 7, 181S ; iii. Dec. 7, 1843, Eliza 

^lorrill : 1). Juiu; 1, 1823 (he tiie first iueml)er of this family 
bearing the name of George). 

2. M.\RY Pike, b. Aug. 22, 1823 ; d. Oct. 4, 1844. 


]MR. JABEZ {Rev. Jabez, Deacon Samuel, Deacon Jabez, 
Capt. Henry, Henry), born Oct. 10, 1802; married Dec. 3, 
182(5, Anna Fitts. 

Their Children. 

1. Caroline Elizabeth, b. Apr. 18, 1831 ; m. Apr. 23, 1855, 

Azor (). Weston. 

2. Oliver Aucustus, b. Dec. 9, 1884. 

3. Prince Alrert, b. .June 17, 1839. 

4. Hallette Louise Maria, b. July 5, 1845. 


SAMUEL, {Rev. Jahes. Deacon Samuel, Jahez, Capt. 
Henry, Heiiry,) born Aug. 9, 1789; married, Oct. 4, 1813, 
Joanna Stevens. 

Their Children. 

1. Ben.iamin, b. March 28, 1815 ; m. Dec. 4, 1844, Eliza Shaw, 

b. July 26, 1815. 

2. IsA, b. Oct. 29, 1817 ; m. July 12, 1847, Khoda Cook, b. Aug. 

30, 1826. 


WINTIIROP TRFE, Jijnr., {Cajyt. Winthrop, Capt, 
William, (Japt. Henry, Henry,) born Sept. 14, 174(»; died 

318 Foimders of Massachusetts! Jhn/ Colony. 

Oct. S, 177(1; married, Jan. 30, 170(5, Sarah ISinitli, bum Sept. 
14-, 1741 ; daughter of lion. Samuel Smith and Mary Gove. 


DoHoTiiv, 1). Dec. li), 17fiC; ni. Abel Jackman, .Jan. 80, 17111. 

Resided at Corinth, Vt, 
Mosiis, b. Ht'pt. 8, 1768 ; m. llainiah Brown. Settled in Weut- 

wortb, N. !I. 
WiNTiiHopS, b. Aug. 27, 1770: ni. Sarah (Ilillord of Rumuey, N. 

H., Nov. 16, 1797. He died Nov. 32, 1852. 


SAMUEL (Dudley, Samuel, Copt. ■William, Cajit. Henry, 
Henry"), l)orn Feb. 2, r7()6 ; died June 2'2, 1847 ; married Aug. 
3, 1807, Mary Edwards ; died July 13, 1823. 

Their Ciiildken. 

1. DiDLiiY, 1). .Tune 29, 1808 ; ni. .July 24, I80I, Mary Bates. 

2. Maky, b. Dec. 21, 1809 ; d. Oct 18, 1810. 

3. Sa.muel, b. Sept. 11, 1812; ni, Feb. 13, 1831, Mary Adam.s ; 

b. Oct, 13, 1807. 

4. .TiDiTH, 1). .July 13. 1815 ; m. .lona Collins. 

5. ^Iakv, b. .Tan. 25, 1817; ni. Arron Morrill. 


DAVID {Dudley., SarnueL William., Capt. Henry, Henry), 
l)orn March i>, 1770 ; married Sarah Osgood ; resided Cornish, 

Their Children. 

1. Samukl, b. Jan. 27, 1792. 

2. David. 

3. Ei.KANoH, b. Oct. 6, 1793. 

4. Nancy, b. Dec. 8, 1800. 

5. Sarah, b. Oct. 5, 1796. 

6. MAiiY, b. Dec. 17, 1798. 

True. 319 


DEACON MOSES {^Deacon Ezekial, Jacob, Deacon John, 
Oaj)t. Henry, Henry), born Ma}' 19, 1775 ; resided Monticello, 
Miclii»?an. Married Eeb. 0, 1814, Lois Knowles. 

Their Children. 

1. John Knowles, b. May 2, 1815 ; d, Aug. 9, 1847 at Mt. Ver- 

non, Ohio ; m. May 81, 1841, Mary Jaue Towle of Meri- 
dith, N. H. 

2. Ei.iZA, b. Aug. 27, 1817 ; m. Chester B Sumuer ; resided Ap- 

pleton, M. 

3. Ira, b. Dec. 19. 1820 ; m. Elizabeth H. Shaw. 

4. Gkok(4K, b. Sept. 16, 1823 ; m. Louisa Ttnymond, Mt. Ver- 

non, Ohio. 

5. Caroline, b. Dec. 5, 1826 ; d. Oct. 3, 1847, Mt. Vernon, Oliio. 

6. Amki.i.x, b. March 25, 1835. 


LEVI, {Deacon John, Esekial, John, Cajjt. Henry, Henry) 
born JSTov. 21, 1790 ; married Marcli 2, 1815, Betsey Blake, 
born 1796 at Concord, Ills. 

Their Children. 

1. Ehenezek, b. iMarch 1816 ; died 1832. 

2. John, b. 1821 ; m. 1844, Harriet Vent. 

3. Lyman, b. 1823 ; ni. 1847, Clara Barton. 

4. Lattka, b. 1832. 


OLIVER, {Deacon John, Ezekial, John, Gapt. Henry ^ 
Henry ^ born Nov. 4, 1790; married May, 1822 Polly Hrowii. 

Their Children. 

1. Meiiitahle, b. 1823. 

2. Cyris, b. 1824 ; d. Dec. 25, 1853 ; m. 1847, Julia Green ; had 

child Daviil l)<>rn Aug. 1, 1848. 

320 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

a. Charles, b. Oct. 1826; m. Jan. 27, 1854, Abigail Felton 

child. Ellen, b. Sept. 4, 1854. 
4. Jamks. b. March 27, 18;]0 ; d. Feb. 8, 1855. 



HEN 11 Y. {Dr. Henry, Rev. Henry, Rev. Henry, Dea. 
Jahez, Capt. Henry, Henry ^ burn Jan. 20, 1S43. 


HANNAH, {Samuel, Deacon Saimiel, Deacon Jahez, Capt. 
Henry, Henry.) born Eel). 20, 1701 ; m. Fel). 20, 1811, Capt. 
Caleb Tike. 

Their Children. 

1. Hannanii, b. May 3, 1813 ; d. Dec. 1818. 

2. Isaac, b. Apr. 24, 1815 : in. July 2, 1837, Joana Ilaynes, b. 

June 29, 1817. 

3. Moses, b. Dec. 30, 1817 ; d. May 17, 1838. 

4. RuTU, b. June 10, 1829; m. Sept. 24, 1836, Robert Dow. 

5. John Adams, 1). Nov. 26, 1821 ; m. Nov. 26, 1841, Charlotte 

Dow, b. 1822. 

6. Lydia. 1). , m. Oct. 29, 18.-)0, Jona W. Morrcll. 

7. Mark, b. Fel). 2, 1834; ni. Alvina .Alorrell, b. Dec. 27, 1857. 

8. Hannah, 1). May 31, 1835 : d. 1853. 


REV. JOHN, {Deacon Esekial, Ezekial, Deacon John, 
Capt. Henry, Henry^ born Ano;. 28, 1703; married, P\anny 

Their Childrkn. 

1. Elizabeth. 

2. George. 

3. Ellen Francis. 

4. John. 

True. 321 


ESTHER, {Deacon Jahez, Ezekial, Beacon John, Capt. 
Ucnrtj. Henry), l)oni Jan. 28, 1784; married, Nov. 10, 1813, 
Joshua Davis. 


1. Maky, b. Jan. r,\ 1815 ; iiuirried aiul hud Ihree chililreii. 

2. DouoTUY, b. June 4, 1818. 


OLIVER, {Deacon Jahez, Ezekial, Doc. John, Capt. Ilenry, 
Henry) born Dec. 1787, at Hampton, N. H. ; married Sarah 
Marvin. Resided at Bloomfield, N. Y. 

Their Children. 

1. Louise Makia, b. June 22, 1824 ; d. 1846. 

2. Oi.iYEK Jaukz, b. June 12, 1837, Marion, N. Y. 

3. Lydia, b. July 23, 1829. at Byron, N. Y.: m. Dec. 30, 1852, 

John Ingalls : resides Rock Island, 111., 1854. 

4. Mary Lxxinda, b. Sept. 16, 1828 ; d. Jan. 4, 1844. 

5. Lauka, b. Aug. 24, 1843. 


PAUL, {Doctor John, Ezekial, Deacon John,Capt. Henry, 
Henry,) born March 23, 1788; maiTicd. Dec. 20. 1814, Nancy 


1. Emii.y, b. June 25, 1818 ; ni. 1S41, James Mueiimore. 

2. ElhuiD(!K, b. Sept. 20, 1820 ; married Abigail Watson. 

3. PoRTKU, b. Aug. 7, 1824 ; m. Nov. 11, 18411, Widow Adams. 


CURRIER, (Son of Capt. Winthrop and Dorotlij Cnrricr) 
{dipt. William, Caj)t. Henry, Henry,) born June 15, 1732; 
married Widow Sarah Mai'.^hall, lived Hampton Falls, also 

P)22 I*hunders of Massac/iusett.H Bay Colony. 

Danvers, Mass., beinsj lessee of tlie farm of Samuel Endicott. 
Currier^ True was born at Salisbury 17>)0, and died at Went- 
worth, N. II., Apr. 30, 1821, ag. 52. His widow Sarah True 
married as 2d wife Winthrojr^ True, son of Winthrop True, 
junr., and Sarah Smith. Sarah, widow of Currier and Win- 
throp True (cousins), died at Wentworth, X. II., July 15, 

1872, ag. 85. 

Children of Currier True and Sarah. 

1. ELURiDdE, b. 1814 ; d. Oct. 28, 1896 ; married Abigail. 

2. Sarah, b. 1818 ; m William Thisell ; d. leaving two children, 

Martha and Charles, reside Alexandra, X. H. 


ELI J RIDGE, {Currier, Capt. Winthroj), Capt. William^ 
Capt. Henry, lienry^ born at ■ N. IL, about 1814; mar- 
ried Abigail' 1840. He died October 23, 1896. 

John Wesley True, b. 1841 ; d. June 13, 1874, ag. 33. 


NANCY, (i>6rtcwi Winthrop, Winthrop Junr, Capt. Win- 
throp}, Capt. William, Capt. Henry, Henry,) born at Went- 
worth, N. II., 1808 ; married Dec. 25, 1835, Philip Henry 
Saunders, son of Capt. Henry Saunders of Salem, Mass. She 
died Aug. 7, 1857. He died Feb. 8, 188G. 

Their Children. 

1. Eliza Ann Sauxdeks, b. Sept. i), 1837, resides Washington, 

D. C. unmarried. 

2. WiNTiiKOP True Saunders, b. Oct. 19: 1839, d, 1842. 

3. Sarah Sprague Saunders, b. July 24, 1843: m. Capt. David 

Smith, Corps of Engineers, U. S. Navy, June 26, 1867: re- 
sides Washington, D. C. 

True. 323 


WILLIA^I. {Moses. Capt. Winihroj), Capt. William^Cajd. 
Henry, ne}>r(/,)hon\ -luly Id, ITTC; died Sept. 8, 1821. 1. M. 
Jan. If), 1802, Susanna Lowell, born Dec. 6, 1781; died April 
22, 1879, ag. !>7 yr., 4nio. 


1. WiNTiFKop, b. Dec. 26, 1802: d. Aug. 30, 1835; m. Feb. 24, 

1824, Sarah Sanborn. 

2. DoHOTHY, b. July 26, 1804; m. Sept. 15, 1825, George W. 


3. Ebenezeh, b. March 5, 1807: m., 1st.. Fanny IIowcll, 2cl, 

Martha Stevens, resides Portland, Maine. 

4. SAKAn, b. Jan. 2, 1809. 

5. Moses, b. :\Iarch 10, 1811 ; m. Dec. 25, 1834, Elizabeth Hook. 

6. Anna, b. [May 14, 1814. 

7. Cykus, b. Dec. 1817; m. Jan. 27, 1850, Nancy Barnard, b. 

Aug. 31, 1825. 


WINTHEOP {William, Jloses, Capt. Winthrop, Capt. 
Williarii, Capt. TIenry, Henry), born Dec. 26, 1802; died 
Aug. 30, 1835 ; married Feb. 28, 1824, Sarah Sanborn. 

Theik Children. 

1. El.miua, b. Nov. 14, 1825; ni. Nov. 26, 1846, Edwin (Jorden. 

2. Harriett, b. Dec. 6, 1827; m. Oct. 1, 1845, Olden Morse. 

3. John, b. March 4, 1830. 

4. William Douglass, b. Oct. 31, 1832 : m. Abby Blaisdell. 
6. Sakaii, b. Aug. 29, 1835. 


PRINCE ALBERT [Jahez, Rev. Jah>z, Deacon Samuel, 
Deacon Jahez, Capt. Henry, Henry), born June 17, 1839; 

324 Founders of Massachusetts Ba;/ Colony. 

married Sarah Emily Morrill; born Nov. I'J, 1840; daughter 
of Ciii)t. John Morrill and Sally Marston, of Salisl)ury, Mass. 

Theik Children. 

1. Ralph Preston, b. Oct. 2, 1875. 

2. Florence Marston, b. Oct. 27. 1877. 

3. Helen Weisster, b. July 20, 1879. 

4. Edward Parker, b. Nc.v. 7, 1882. 


DUDLEY, {Samuel, Dudley, Samnel, Lieut. William, 

Capt. Henry, l^enry^) born June 29, 1808; married, July 24, 

1851, Mary Bates. 

Theie Children. 

1. Amos, b. Mar. 15, 1852. 

2. Mary, b. Oct. 1, 1855. 

3. Ellen, b. Oct. 1, 1855 ; d. Sept. 23, 185G. 

4. Henry, b. 1857. 


SAMUEL, {Samuel, Dudley, Samuel, Capt. William, Capt. 
He7iry, Henry,) horn Sept. 1, 1812; married, Feb. 13, 1838, 
Mary Adams, born Oct. 13, 1S07. 

Their Children. 

1. Alice, b. July 21, 1889. 

2. Ezekial, b. Oct. 20, 1840. 

3. Dauouter. 

4. David, b. Aug. 15, 1844. 

5. Samuel, b. Oct. 13, 184fi. 

C. Mary, b. Aug. 24, 1848 ; d. Sept. 9. 1848. 


JOHN, {Deacon Moses, Deacon Ezekial, Jacol, John , Capt. 

Henry, Henry,) born May 2, 1815 ; married. May 12, 1S41, 

Mary J. Towle. 

Their Children. 

1. Mary Ellen, b. March 15, 1843. 

2. Edward Lang, b. June 29, 184(). 

True. 325 


GEOlKiE, {Jloseb\ Er^ekial^ Jaooh, Jolni^ Capt. Ilennj^ 
ll'urij), liorii Sept. 10, 1823; inarried Louise IlayiriDiiil. 

1. Gknevievk. 


^Oii^VW, {Deacon Ahraham, Deacon Ahrahain, Benjamin^ 
Capt. WUJiavi, Capt. Henry., Henry^ boi'ii Aug. 1, 1785; 
resided at Gliicliester, N. H. Served three years in war. 


1., 1). Oct. \, 1809, Siilciii, Mass.; resided I^'oiia, III. ,1855. 

2. Dki!()i;aii, h. Due. oO, ISll, Salem, Mass.; resided Wauhegau, 

111 ; had si.\ children. 

3. S.\M-Y. b. Aug. 14, 1814, Chichester, N. H.; resided Salem 

in 1855. 

4. M.VKY, h. .luly 12, 1810; died Dec. 1, 1854. 

5. lOiJZ.v, 1). Aug. 23, 1821 ; d. Dec. 2!), 1822. 


BEN-J AMIN, {Samuel., Bev.Jalez, Beacon Samuel^ Deacon 
Jahez, Capt. Henry, Henry,) hovn March 2S, 1815; uiari'liMl, 
Dec. 4, 1844-, EHzabetli Shaw, Imtii July 26, 1815. 

Their Chii.drk.x. 

1. CiiAKi.Es Kinsley. 

2. luETTA AUKL.MDK, 1). Sept. 4, 1850. 

3. Ckll\ Au(irsT.\. b. Jan. 11, 1853. 

4. Bkotiieu, b. Feb. 22, 1857. 

32(i Fuuiulci'ti oj Maii.sachunctts lUiij t'olomj. 


IRA, {Samuel, Rev. JaheZs Deacon Samuel, Deacon Jahez, 
Capl. Ifenry, Henry) born Oct. '29, 1S17 ; married July 12, 
1S47, Rliuda Cook, horn Aug. 30, lSi>(;. 


1. Wii-LiAM Stkven.s, 1). LawrencL', Mass. 


GEORGE WASHINGTON, {Doctor John, Uev. Jahez, 
Deacon Samuel, Deacon Jaljez, Capt. Henry, Henry^) hui'n 
Oct. 7, 1818 : uiarried Dec. 7, ISW, Eliza Morrill. 

Their Childkkn. 

1. Ai.i.sTON Mason, b. Feb. 27. 1845. 

2. IsuAEi, MoKHEi-L, b. Jau. n», 1847. 
?). Maky Edwards, b. Feb. 6, 184'J. 


JACOB, {Closes, Samuel, Deacon Sam.uel, Deacon Jahez, 
Capt. Henry, Henry), born April 21, 1815 ; married didy 2, 
1837, Irene Haynes, born June 2!>, 1817. 

Their Cuildiien. 

1. MosKs, 1). .July 4, 1838 ; (1. Aug 25, 1838. 

2. CusTELLO, b. Sept. 9, 184(1; d. Nov. 21, 1840. 
?>. Henky, b. Jau. 29, 1842. 

4. Ellen Francis, 1). Jan. 81, 1843. 

5. Alfred, b. March 22, 1845. 

(■>. Jacoi!, b. April 4, 1846, at Salisbury, Mass. 

7. Caroline, b Juue 30, 1848, at Salisbury, Mass. 

8. E.MMA, b. Nov. 25, 1849. 

9. Anna Pike, b. June 16, 1852. 

10. Samuel, b. June 18, 1855. 

11. Charles Simmer, b. Jan. 31, 1857, at Amesbury, Mass. 

True. 327 


JOHN ADAMiS, (JA^se.?, Sam.uel, Sa/jiue/, IJeacoii JaOcc, 
Capt. Ilenrii. Ilrnn/,^ hum Nov. 20, 1821 ; married Nov. 20. 
1841, Charlotte Dow, horn .Inly 15, 1822. 


1. .\Nx, li. May 15, 1844. 

2. Hutu. b. Jan. 9, 184G. 

3. An])I!i:\v. 1). Oct, 1!), 1850. 


SAMUEL, ( William, Benjamin, Capt. William, Capt. 
Henry, Henry), horn Aj)r. 15, 1771; niari-ied and settled in 
Maine. Was a resident of Poland, Mechanics Falls, and 
Cherrytield. Maine. 


1. AViM.iAM, b. 1803 ; d. 1876, ag. 73 yrs; son George II. True, 

Wcntworth, N. II. 

2. John A. 

3. S.^MUEL. 

4. IIkn'ry. 

5. Cl.AKlSSA. 


GECJRGE II. TRUE, {William, Samuel, William, Ilenja- 
min, Capt. William, Capt. Henry, Henry'), horn, Maine, Dec. 
1854: married Ida M. ICncdand of North (Joiiway, N. II. 

TiiEiii CniLu. 

1 AitTin K \V. Tui K, b. Fcl). 17, 1886. 

328 Founders of Massachusetts Hmj Colony. 


WIEUAM, {Samuel, Williavi, Benjamin, Capt. William, Jlenri/, Ileni'tf), horn 18(>3 ; inari'ied , Poland, Maine ; 

(lied ISTr.. 


1. ORoii.iP: II. True, 1). Dec. 1854. 


^Nl\AA^U,{^Vinihro2\ Wiuthrdp, Capt. Wlnthrop, Capt. 

■ Williain, ('apt. Henry, Henry,) niurried Pliebe , settled 

in Bowdoinluini, Maine. 

Their CniLnREN. 

Wir,LTA,vr ; Bowdoiii College ; il. liet'ore 25 years of age. 
AViNTiiuoi* ; Bovvdoiii Colleen; ; d. before 24 years of age. 

Saiiati : in. Hall : settled in Woolwich, Maine. 

Catiikuink ; d. young. 

euuith generation. 

DOROTHA", {William, Moses, Capt. Wlnthrop, Capt. 
William, Capt. Henry, Henry), horn duly 26, 1804; died 
A no;. 5,1884; niixrried Sept. 25, 1825, George W. Baker, horn 
June 20, 17l»0 ; died Sept. 23, 1878. Mr. George AV. I'aker 
was seventh in descent from Mr. John Baker, who came from 
Norwich, Eiig., 1037 in the Rose of Yarmouth, with wife 
Eiizaheth, three children and four .servents, settling at Ipswich, 
1038. Descendant also of Rev. Wm. Perkins, who was asso- 
ciated with John Winthrop, jr., and eleven others in the settle- 
ment of Ij)swich, Mass., 1033 ; and of Major Pike, commander- 

True. 320 

in-cliief of the Eastern Mass. forces in lviii<;- JMiili[)'s war, and 
was also one of the grantees of SalislKiry, Mass. 

(Miildreii of (icorixe W. Ilaker and Dorothy True were: 

1. Sakaii Jankt, 1). Dec, 23, 1827. 

2. Fkedeiuck Wakkkn, b. xVug. 5, 182!) ; m. 1853 Susan E. 

Leslie of Lowell, Mass. Their only son, Frank Leslie Baker, 
is Society Editor of the New York Herald. 

8. Adelaide, b. .Tune 12, 1830; m. 1857 .John L. Cheney of 
Lowell, Mass., supt. of the Merrimac cotton mills. Their 
eldest son, Edward Cheney, is a graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege class 1882. 

4. Antoinette Josephine, b. Dec. 20, 1838 ; m. 1864 Edwin R. 

Huntintrton of IMoiiticcllo, Washington State. Mr. Hunt- 
ington is a Ruling Elder of the F'irst Presbyterian Church of 
Castle Rock, Washington, and has been Auditor, Justice 
of the Peace and Judge of Probate of Cowlitz County, 

5. WAi.TF.ii La Forest, b Feb. 12, 1846; m. 1874 Etta IIo])bsof 

Haverhill, Mass., wiio died in 187!). This family is a lineal 
descendant of Hon. Samuel Smith through the marriage of 
his daughter, Sarah Smith, to ('apt. Moses True, 1770. 


CYRUS, ( William., Cajpt. Moses^ Capt. Wi7it/iroj), Capt. 
William.., Cap>t. TTenry., Henry ^ born Dec. L"), 1817 ; married 
Jan 27, 1850, Nancy M. Barimid. 

TnKlli (/illl.DRKN. 

1. Sttsan, b. Nov. 2, 1850. 

2. WiLiJAM, b. Nov. 17, 1852. 

3. Sarah, b. Jan. 24, 1859. 

4. Eben, b. Ayril 1, 1805. 

Lineal descendants of the Hon. Sainnel Smith hue, also of 
the IJradhnry and Perkins lines herein mentioned. 

330 Founders of Massachusetts Jiay Colony. 


WILLIAM, (Cyrus, WilUain, Capt. Moses, Capt. Winthrop, 
Copt. William, Capt. Henry, Henry,) born Nov 17, 1S52 ; 
niarricd, Oct. 12, 1882, Ada A. Mitchell. 

Their Children. 

1. Caul, b. Aug. 2, 1883. 

2. Arthur, b. Nov. 10, 1884. 

3. Leonard, b. Oct. 19, 1886. 

4. ROBRRT, b. Sept. 18, 1896. 


HENRY GALEN TRUE, [John, Henry,) married 

first, McWilliains; second, Jenette Lafertj; born Iveokak, 


Their Children. 

1. Helen, b. 1878. 

2. Clara, b. 1881. 

3. Jenette, b. 1886. 

Third marriaii-c to Linnie Webber; cliild, Marion Galen. born 
Jnly, 1895. This family resides at Eddyville, Iowa. 

First Granted to Sir Henky Smith 1631. 


CREST : out of a mural coronet ar, an Ostrich's 
head of the last. — [Zu^/xr.l 

"These Anns appertained to the name of Smith heing first 
ii^ranted to Sir Henry Smith of England, Anno, 1631." 

Tliis is the inscription written under a well i)reserved, illnuii- 
nated in ccdor, (yoat of Arms now existing, and at present in 
possession of descendants of Benjamin Smith of Beverly, Mass. 
This Coat of Arms has been in the family many generations, 
and from the history of the family, ancestors of whom have 
retained portions of the original property ; also from research, 
documents, court records, wills, and histories, now existing, I 
feel assured that the ])edigree 1 snlnnit can claim descent fi-om 
the first Sir Ilev. Henry Smith, who came to the colony of 
Massachusetts with Governor Winthrop, and was a very 
inriuential man in the colonization of Connecticut and 

Sii4 nr(;n Smith of Asliton Somerset, Eiigland. 

KiA'AwiKiu (tokges of Laugfurd, Wiltshire, England, daughter 
of Sir Edmund (xorges and Katherine, his wife, who was the 
daughter of Sir Ilol)ert Osborn. (Hoare.) 

1. Helen, m. Gibbons. 

2. Makgakkt, m., 1st, Flemming; 2nd, Sir Francis Pur- 
jian ; 3rd, Sir John Waid. 

3. Maky was maid of honor to C^iieen Elizabeth. 

4. John came to New England to Salem, Mass., 1633-0. 

5. r>Kii)(;K'i ni. Sir Robert Dilington. 

6. IIknuv came to New England was minister in charge; of 
tleet with Wiiitliro[>, admitted freeman !> Oct. 1630, at AVells, 

332 Founders of Manaaohusettn Bay Colony. 

Maine, 1(531, was coniniissionod by (4ov. Winthrop to govern 
the first settlement of Connecticut; was at Hartford 1638, after- 
ward removed to Hadlev : was a member of General Hi<;li 
Court at IJoston 1651, representing Springfield and adjoining- 
districts. May 13, 1651, Hecords General and High Court 
Uoston. " In as much as there is a present necessity that some 
care be taken respecting the case of Springfield, they beir)g at 
present destitue of any magistrate or others to put issue to such 
causes or differences as shall or mav arise amon«:st them, uixm 
their request it is ordered by this court and the authority 
thereof, that Mr. Henry Smith for this year ensuing or till the 
eunite shall take farther orders, shall hereby have full power 
and authority to govern the inhabitants of Springfield and to 
hear and determine all cases and offenses Itoth civil and crim- 
inal that reach not life limb or banishment according to the 
laws herein established by this coui't.'' 

John Smith, brother to Rev. Plenry, sou of Sir Hugh came 
to the colony about the same time, as "Assistant General to 
the Colony." In 1637, 2ino., lOd., he received a grant of 150 
acres of land at Salem, Mass., "'beyond the old phmters farms." 
He for a time was engaged in the eastern portion of the state. 

1649, May 2. He wrote the (lencu-al and High Court, in re. 
lation to the representation of the town of (Jlocester. In the 
court records of this date we find : "It is. ordered at the request 
of the freemen of Glocester, that Thomas Smith in the room 
of Mr. Stevens, shall be one of three men to end all cijntrover- 
sies." This in answer to a letter from Mr. John Smith who 
writes himself "General Assistant to the Colony, 1649, May 2." 

Although Mr. John Smith, General Ass't to the Colony 
received this grant of 150 acres in 1637, we do not find him 
uniting with the Puritan church of Salem until August 1674, 
when Mr. John Smith, wife Abigail, with children Bridget, 
Samuel, Benjamin, and Sarah Smith are united with the 1st 

P)ridget Smith, daughter of John Smith and Abigail, — possi- 
bly named for her Aunt Bridget, the wife of Sir Robert Dil- 

Smith. 333 

iiHi;ton, — became tlie wile of William Sanders, son of Capt. 
Jolni Sanders and llamiali I'ickuiaii. and settled in Bcjston 
{see piuje 70.) 

It is presumed that liiii^h Smith, afterward Sir lJii<^h, ant! 
wife Elizabeth Gori:;es were for a short time, niend)e)Sof Win- 
throp's Colony. 

1054:, May 14, G. iV: II. Court, 'dn answer to the petitions 
of ye widow Elethorp, Hugh Smith, and Jno Packard, the 
Court on a hearing of the case, and other considerations, do 
grant the probate of the will of Thomas EUethorpe unto the 
persons names in the will, provided they gave security unto 
this Court that in reference to the [)()\ver nuMitioiied in said 
will, that the eldest son shall have — [)ounds and tlie three 
youngest children, &c., c^c. 

"1655 Grace Porter recpiests ptM-mission to sell her house and 
lands at Suli.sbury, objection being made by Daniel Smith;'&c. 
&c." I mention this record, as later on I find the Smiths and 
Porters have intermarried in several instances. lihoda Smith, 
daughter of ('ol. Jonathan, son of Col. Sa'nuel, married Col. 
Porter of Salisbury, and had son Winthrop True Porter. 

Rev. Henry Smith had one son, who can)e to the colony with 
him, viz: Samuel who arrived with wife Sarah, and two chil- 
tlren, Thonuis and ^lary, the wife of William Browne. ( See 
Winthrojj s diar'y.) 

1638-2-23, General High Court was granted to Samuel Smith 
two hundred acres, being 50 more added to his former grant and 
tlie former grunt annulled." 

Samuel Smith rapidly improved this grant, with houses, 
barns, cattle, and commenced cultivation of tlax, to a large de- 
trree. The i^rant was situated in the now beautiful location 
called Beverly farms, and his neighl)ors were the Lothrops, 
Thoi-ndikes, Johnsons, WofKlburys, and John Winthrop, junr., 
afterward governor of (Jonnecticut. He commanded much re- 
spect, and probably w'ould have been an intliirntial man to the 
colony, had he lived, he died however 1641-2. His will [)ro- 

334 Founders of Ma.s,sachusetis Bay Colotij. 

hated at Saloiii Court House, 1<> ni., 1042, is written in a bold 
upright hand, of tlie old school, and is one of the oldest wills 
on i-ecord. It reads as follows : 


"This r)tli ()ct()l)LT, 1C42. 

This, uiy last will and testament of Saniewell Smith of Enon, 
being in perfect memory. 

First, I will uud Itequeath unto my wife, Sarali Smith, my farm 
in Enon with all the houses ui)on it, as alsoe all the fruits upon it 
as cover it, and the like, for her owne proper use for the term of 
her life, upon consideration that she shall discharge me of that 
j)romise upon maridge, which is unto m}' Sonne, ^Vil!iam Browne, 
tiflie pounds ; as allsoe that she shall give unto his two children, 
William and John Browne, £30 be twenty, which shall be paid by 
my execjueters hereafter, or namod in my will ; further, is to give 
unio Sarah, my wife, all \\\y cattle nowe upon the farme, young 
and ould, as meat, best house-beds and swine in full consideration 
of that hundred pounds that I stand bound unto her by a bond of 
obligation in her of a former jointure, payable after my disseaso- 
which shall be performed by my executors ; as allsoe further my 
will in that my farme, with all the medowe and upland belonging 
thear unto, Thomas Snuth, my son, shall have it to himself and 
his heirs forever, upon this consideration, that he shall pay unto 
his sister Mary, if then living, tifty poun(is in three years after 
the entered of it ; that is, to pay tifteen pounds and a mare a year, 
and for the jierformance thereof, he is to lay in notes certitied unto 
the exe(|uators if the Lord take her away be death, this payment 
is to be mede unto the children of the aforesaid William Browne 
and Thomas Smith, that then shall be living ecpially divided 
among them ; then further, my will is that if my son Thomas 
shall die without issue, that my land and houses upon it shall come 
to my daughter Mary and her heirs forever, and after her to Wil- 
liam Browne and his heirs forever; all with debts and legations 
and (jther payformanc^es are to be payformed l)y my two execu- 
(pietors, which I have appointed, which is my loving wife and my 
trustful son, William Browne ; my will further is that if Sarah, 
my wife, shall marry, that then the tirst gift of my farme shall 
stand voyd, and my will is, that she shall then resign it ujt unto 
my mother's execmpietors, hand with a full account of all those 
goods, and what former belonged to the manadeggine of the 
farme, and protitt do except that hundred pounds which is her 
deed, which is to be payd her in cattle by tlie judgement of men, 
and all their household stulfe within doors, what soever it be, I 
give to my wife ; and my will is that mj' execi|uetors, William 

Smith. 335 

Browne and my son, Thomas Smith, to joine with liim to let the 
fiirme or improve it to the Ix-st iulvantafre for the good of my 
ihiughtcr .Mary, and to be apjioiiited witii and provided forl)y my 
execquetor, William Browne, in that partieular * * * form, 
with his eonsideration that if my wife marry, that then the farme 
is to be let as above until Mary be gathered for eternity. 

Item. A portion of a hundred and fifty pounds to be paid unto 
the exec<iuct(ir, William Browne, and he is to pay that hundred 
and fifty pounds at her day of marridge * * * and if her 
mother loaned * * * then tlie exec(|uetor, William Browne, 
to allow that my sonne be ae(|uilted of thai fifty pounds he stands 
mortgaged for, and all the part of a hundred pounds, to come out 
of my farme, to be paid to my sonne Browne, and his wife Mary, 
and after her descease, it is to be ec^ually divided between my 
daughter Mary, and all the grand-children shall have their living, 
and further, my will is, that my sonne Thomas Smith shall in 
this my last will be faithful to me, and shall be thereafter my 
execquetor of this my last will. Witness this, me * * * * 

(Seal lorn off.) 

W. Petting.vll, 


(This was found by suflicicnt tcstiiuony in court to l)e legal.) 

Attest — A true inventory of all the goo<ls, chattels, etc., of 
Samuel Smith, late of Enon, disseased bearing date the 18th of 
the 9tli month. 1642, brewed and pressed by us whose names are 

Dwelling house, out liuildings. 

Farm containing 234 akers, 
whereof 33 akers bought up, 
also 297 akers in common. 

24 akers in Dover and £ S. P. 

other personals mentioned l)rought over 397 09 02. 

Samuel Smith, Will Prob. 

R.\I,I'H F'l.VGG. 

4m. 43. 

This manuscript is copied from the orijjjinal p:i])er aiul as 
near the oriii;iiial as it was possible to decipher, some of tlie 
words being ahnost extinct with age. 

This estate was considered one of tlie largest in the colony in 
104-2. The location then as now, is one of the most valnahle 
in New England, adjacent to the lieantiful beach, commanding 
a magniiicent view of the ocean, ;md the ground nmning 
inlaiul under the highest state of (•ultiviition. This property 

33() Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

remained in tlic family and its immediate descendants until 
within ten j'ears, when it was sold to Colonel Lorinj^ of Boston, 
by Mr. Jjenj. Smith, a lineal descendant. 

Thomas Smith, mentioned in his father's will, went with 
(Governor John Winthrop, Junr., to Connecticut at its coloniza- 
tion. He rapidly came into })rominence and was commissioned 
Captain of Militia, llis dnties as (piartei'master ol)li2;ed him to 
pass much time at coui't, and he continued to retain his family 
interest in the Farms at Beverly, so-called. lie was supposed 
to have married Elizahetli Endicott, who died IS Sept. l()7r), 
ag. 65 ; added to his estates in KioO, hy ]:)urchase of land at 
Ipswich and Newbury. Mary, sister of Thomas Snjith, was 
wife of William Bixjwne, the latter l)ecoming one of the 
wealthiest and most influential men in Salem. William Browne 
was administrator to the estate of Samuel Smith. In 1085 
William J]rowne died, and a deed recorded Mar. 31, 16SS 
mentions Tliomas Smith and Waitstill Winthrop (husl)and of 
Mary Browne, a niece to Thomas Smith) as Ijeneficeries under 

the will. 

1688. " Wait Winthrop and Mary Browne his wife acknow- 
ledge by deed to have received of William Browne and Benjamin 
Browne executors of the father William Browne of Salem, the fidl 
and first sum of seven and twenty hundred pounds in current 
money of Xew England and one large silver tankard, one large 
silver breaker, 6 silver spoons, in right of the said iNhuy (Browne\ 
Winthrop in full of her portion in the estate of her said late 
IntJiers William Brown Es(ir deceased. Also the sum of three 
hundred pounds in current mone_y of New England in behalf and 
to the use of her children. 

Witness, John, Willi.\m and Ann Winthrop. 
Witnesses, 12 March, 16S6, 


Asa Addington, Mary Winthrop. 

Boston, Fel). l()87-8. 

March 81, 1688. Know all men by these presents, what we John 
Iligginson Senior, Nicholas Noyes, Thomas Smith, William Red- 
ford and Mary Haitt each of us severally and for ourselves we 
hereby acknowledge to have had and received of William Browne 
Escjr and ]\Ir. Benjamin Browne executors of the late will and 
testament of their father William Browne late of Salem in New 
England deceased the several and respective sinns of money as 
follows, etc., et(.'. 

Smith. 337 

AVaitstell Wiiitlirop was Major General of the colony and 
died Sept. 7, 1717. 

Capt. Thutuas Smith and wife, Elizabeth, resided for a time 
at Newbury, where he Iiad juirchaseil land. 

Richard Sniitli, supposed son of Thomas, was l)oni about 
the year 10J:5. 

Thomas, sou of (^ipt. Thomas, was born at Newbnry, -Inly 
(5, 1054. 

Richard Smith was married at Newbnry, 17 October, IGnfi, 
to Sarah Chandler. His will, dated 14 An<,nist, 1712, gives to 
his son, William, four acres of land of homestead where he 
lives next to Joseph Trne's with dwelling house, barn, etc., also 
lot of Marsh, given him by Major Robert Tike, etc. To son, 
Robert, he gives the rest of the homestead, etc. To James a 
lot of land, etc. To daughter, Mary, wife of Roljert Moulton, 
twenty shillings. To daughter, Joanna, wife of Pliilij) 
P'landers, four pounds. To beloved wife, Elizabeth, household 
fui-niture, government bonds, stocks, etc., etc. Sons, William, 
Robert, and James, to provide a comfortable support. William, 
and Robert are apjxtintcd executors. (Elizabeth was 2n(l wife.) 
In 1674, Henry True builds a house for Richard Smith. 
The witnesses to the contract were Thomas and .]a])ez Ri-nd- 

Thomas, son of Ca])t. Tliomas Smith, was married May 9^ 
1G91, to Mary Curwen Itaj). Sept. IP), l(')7n. She was the 
daughter of the Magistrate flohn Ourwen of Salem, Mass., and 
Margaret Winthrop, daughter of John Winthrop Junr, Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut. Margaret Winthrop wife of John Cur- 
win, and mother of Mary Curwin Smith survived her husband. 
She invested in lands in Salisbury, and a transfer of land is re- 
corded in her name. It may be possibly, through this transfer 
that her grand nephew Robert Smith settled in the township, 
or perhaps through the connection of his kinsmen, Abigail 
Brown, who was the wife of Edward French of Salisbury, the 
owner of one of tin; largest estates in that section. 

338 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

1710, July 31. Robert Smith conveys lo John Stevens, William 
Bradbury and Benjamin Eastman of Salisbury a tract of land 
consisting of etc., etc. 

1712. Sept. 30. Robert Smith conveys to Henry French of 
Salisl)ury land etc. 

171''>, Aui!;. 14, Robert Sinitli, son of llicliard and Elizabeth, 
entered liis intention of marriage with Sarah Gill of Salisbury. 

1715, Sept. 28. Robert Smith conveys to Joseph True of Salis- 
bury certain rii;lits and lands etc. 

Robert S:\rrTH died December 18, 1738, aet. GO, and is 
Iniried at Salisbui'j, Mass. 

Tlobert Smith and Sarah Gill intention to marry, Aug;. 14, 1713. 

Their Children. 

1. Samuel, b June 28, 1714. 

3. Ann, 

3. William, . . 

4. AnuAiiAM. 

5. Ror.ERT, b. Sept. 3, 1722. 

('). RlCnARD. 

7. Jacoi;. 

8. Sarah, b. Oct. 12, 1728. 

The will of Robert Smith, proved 10 Feb. 1738-9, gives to 
dano'hter, Ann, £100. The remainder is given to wife, Sarah, 
sons, William, Samuel, Abraham, Richard, and Jacob. Wife 
Sarah and son Richard ai-e made e.xeentors. Tiie inventory of 
the estate amounted to £5077 4 1, which was a very large 
estate for those early times. 


SAMUEL, [Jiohert., h'irliard^ Thomas^ Samuel.) born, Salis- 
bury, Mass., June 28, 1714; married Mary Gove, May 23, 
1734. He died Oct. 25, 1778, ag. 04. She died 1780, ag. r>7. 

Their Children. 

1. Isaac, b. 1736. 

2. Enoch, 1). 1740 : d. Oct. 1, 1817. 

Smith. 330 

3. Sakah, 1). July 1, 1741 : d. Feb. 1809; m. liist, Wiiitluop ; 

second, Moses True (brotlieis ) 

4. AiiiGAiL, b. Aug. 3, i74o; d. Oct. 15, 1825); numied Judge 

Miuch of Newburypoit. 

5. l{iioi)A, b. Oct. 9, 1745 ; d. Apr. 19. 1749. 

G. William, b Nov. 7, 1747 ; d. July 2, 181G ; in. Anna True. 

7. Hannah, b. Noy. 3, 1749 ; d. Apr. 22, 1753. 

8. RiioDA, b. March 11, 1752 ; d. Apr. 1784. 

9. Kkit.en, b. April 24, 1754; d. Aug. 17G3. 

10. Jonathan, b. Dec. 18, 1756 ; d. June 17, 1824 ; m. Dolly Gove. 

11. Molly, b. Aug. 16, 1771 ; d. June 1793. 

Colonel Samuel Smitii, the husband of Mary Gove, married 
May 23, 1734, became very active in the prosperity of his 
township, as well as largely interested in the propiietorships of 
the new Province of Hampshire. 

1736, Dec. 29. He was one of the original proprietorships 
of Walpole and was allotted Plot 29. 

1747, Oct. 20. Samuel Smith and others petition the legis- 
lature foi- a grant at Suncook. He rapidly rose to powei- and 
intiuence as a member of the General Court of which he was a 
deputy for many years. In the troublesome time of 1772, 
1773, 1774, he repiesented Salislniry at the great and general 
court, and in 1775 Col. Samuel Smith was elected a deleirate 
to the Provincial Congress at Cambridge. This was a great 
honor and he worthily fuliilled his mission (see Shillaber line, 
p. 232). The first church of Salisbury was built on the land 
of Col. Samuel Smith, as also the magazine for storing powder 
for the defence of the town from the attacks of the Indians. 

William Smith, son of Colonel Samuel Smith, also became a 
Colonel in the Revolutionary Army. He married Anne True 
of Salisbury and removed to Deei-field, New Ilampshii-e in 
1773. Their son, AV'illiam True Smith lived and died at 
Dcerlield, New Hampshire. Hildreth Ilosea Smith, son of 
William True Smith was a graduate of Powdoin college, Maine, 
1S41, moved to North Carolina PS52, and took charge of the 
German Reform College at Newton, where his son, Honoral)le 
Hoke Smith, a member of President Cleveland's cabinet was 

340 I'handera of Manaaeliuacttii I>aij Colajuj. 

CJoloncI J()iiatli:iii Smith, son of Ooloiiel Saimicl Siiiitli of 
Salisbury, lKH*anie prouiineut in his town, and was also lai'j^elj 
interested in the colonization of the new })rovince. He was 
collector of taxes for the township for twenty-nine yeais, was 
an officer of the llevoliitioii, as also a deleg'ate to the conven- 
tit)n. which adopted the federal constitntion in 17>SS. 

Sarah Smith, sister to Colonel Jonathan, and daughter of 
Colonel Samuel Smith and Mary Gove, born 'Tuly IS, 1741, 
was married January 30, ITOC), to Captain Winthrop True, son 
of (yai)t. Winthrop True, and great-grand-son of ('a})tain 
Henry True and Jane IJradbuiy, the daughter of Captain 
Thomas I'radbury, P]s(|., befoi'e mentioned. 

Cai)tain AVinthrop Tj'iie, husband t'l Sarah Smith, die(l 
October 8, 177(l, leaving thive children, Winthi-op"\ Moses and 

Mrs. Sarah True mai-ricd, secondly, a brotln'r of her husband, 
Moses True, by whom she had one son, William True, boiai 
July 10, 177<). 

(yolonel Samuel SmitlTs home at Salisltury, was in the 
vicinity of Powder Hill, so-called, and many are the stoi'ies 
told today of his gi'eat hospitality, his wt)nderfid i»opularity 
atul keen insight into the future of those trouidesome times. 
It is renuirkable that this lai'ge farm is still owned by a 
descendant, though the home and out buildings ai'e fast going 
to ruin and decay. 

CdIoucI Saiuucl Siuitli died Oclohcr 25, 1778, ag. (54 yrs. 
Mary, wife of Samuel Sniitli, died Feb. 18, 1786, ug. 08 yrs. 
William Smith died, Deerfleld. N. H., July 2, 1816, ag. 61* yi's. 
Jonuthan Smith, Esq., died June 17, 1824, ag. 08 yrs. 
Doll}', wife of Jtuiathaii Smith, Esq., died June 4, 1848, ag. 91 yrs. 
Sarah Smith, widow of W^iiithrop, also Moses True, died Feb. 28, 
1801), aged 68 yrs. 

Winthi-o[)'' True, son of Captain Winthn»j) Ti'ue and Sarah 
Smith, born August 23, 1770, and Sarah Clifford, daughter of 
John and Sarah Cliflord, borii liumney, N. II., November 5, 
1780; were married at Kumney, N. II., Nov. IG. 1797. 

Smith. 341 


Their cliil-K Xaiic.v True, born, Wentwurtli, N. 11., 1806; 
died, Daiivort;, Mass., Auujust 7, 1857 ; was married at Danvers, 
Mass., December 25. 18:35, to Phiiij) Henry Saunders, born 
Salem, Mass., dune 21. 1800; son of Captain Henry Saunders 
and Sallie Shillaber, married, Salem, Mass., 1797. Sarah 
Sprague Saunders, daughter of Philip Henry Saunders and 
Nancy True, burn, Salem, Mass., -Inly 24, 1843; was married, 
June 26, 1867, to Captain David Smith, corps of engineers, U. 
S. Navy, by whom she had three children living, vis: Helen 
Saunders Smith, Esther l>yers Smith and Marie; Lowe Smith. 

Salisjjuky, Mass., ,Tune 13, 1896. 

Office of the Town Clerk : 

I, Wm. H. Greenleaf, clerk of the tuwn of Salisl)ury, do 
hereby certify that it appears on the records in this ollice, that 
one Samuel Smith was chosen Representative and that the 
following extract is a true copy of such record. 

" At a meeting of the Ireelioldcrs aud inhabilaiits of the towu of 
Salisbury, May tlie 1772, Samuel Smith is chosen to Represent 
tins towu in the Great and General Court of this Province this 
year. He was elected in 177!^ and 1774. In 1775 was elected a 
Delegate to the Provincial congress at Cambridge." 

I, Wm. H. (Treenleaf, clerk of the town of Salisbury, do 
certify that the above extract is a true copy of the records in 
this othce. 

Attest, Wm. H. liKEKNi.EAF, Town Clerk. 

Joiix I>. Cii.i.Kv, Justice of Peace. 

1342 Foundev'a of llasfsaohusetts Bay Colony. 


Siii IIr(;ii Smith. 

kSiR IvKv. IIknky Smith. 

Sami'ki. Smith. 

Cai't. Thomas Smith. 

RioHARD Smith. 

TloKEKT Smith. 

Colonel Samuel Smith. 

Sarah Smith. 

Cai't. WiNTiiRoi' True. 

Nancy Trie. 

PiiiLii" Henry Saunders. 

Sarah Si'rague Saunders. 

Cautain David Smith, U. S. Nuvy. 

Helen, Esther, and Marie Smith. 

\i'<{)o. iJaptisL'd ;tt First Church S;ileni, Eunice Smith, wife 
of I5enjaniiii Porter, now living ai Fairfield, Connecticut. 

lienjainin Porter died and Eunice Smith Porter hecanie the 
wife of Guiles Smith of Fairfield, who died leaving her a 
widow, though not mother of his children Samuel, Eleaser 
John, Elean, Elizabeth and Joanna Smith mentioned in his 
will. The family of Porters and Smiths inter-married again in 
ninth generation and \Vinthrt)|) TiTie Porter, a descendant, 
married his second cousin, Joanna Smith, daughter of Benjamin, 
and grand-daugliter of Isaac Smith of the Revolntit>nary 

Smith. 343 

Aiiiiiist IT, 1777. During tilt! Revolutioniiry was, Wintlirop 
Smith was :i nieiiilxM- of (^i]»t. Parsnii's Co., Colonel vSiiit('r''s 

JoNAiiiAN Smith of Salishury, son of Colonel Saniuel, of tlio 
Provincial Conjjjress, served dnrinn- the revolution and rapidly 
rose to promotion. 

A[)r. 2(i, 1775. A letter from John Hancock, reconnnend- 
ing to the notice of the committee issuing commissions, John 
Smith, and Mr. John Avery, two excellent good soldiers and 
gentlemen, who will advance the rejmtation of tlie Province 
in that department of command, where they may be placed. 
He adds: "I most strongly recommend them, and earnestly 
pray they may be noticed. Do notice Smith and Avery they 
will l)e useful. T set out to-morrow. 

To the Committee of Safety, John Hancook." 

May 8, 1775. "Major Smith with others appointed a com- 
mittee to confer witli the Committee of Safety with respect to 
settling the appointment of field officers." 

ISAAC SMITH, {Col. SavnuL Uuhcrt, Richard, Thomas, 
Smmiel, Sir Henry,) born 1736-8, and Susanna were married 

^^^^^- Their Chtldren. 

IsA.\c, b. .Tune S, 17(>1. 
HusAXNA, b. June 20. 176'J. 
Nabby, b. July 29, 1786. 
Mary, b. Nov. 10, 1787. 
Susanna, b. Oct. 8, 1789. 
LvDiA. 1). Nov. 1, 1791. 
EzEKiAi,, h. Jan. 11, 1794. 
Lyoia. b. Sept. 21, 179G. 
Sarah, b. Oct. 29. 1799. 
Bkn-iamfx, b. Oct. 27, 1801. 

Isaac Smith, born Jan. 8, 1701, enliste<l in the liiii^. of 
Joseph Cilley and became a member of Ca])t. Weete's Co. He 
was at Valley Forge, Jan. M. 1778, and died Pel). 2S, 1S43, 
aged 82 years. 1 tiiid also in a hst of expenses during the 

344 Founders oj Massachusetts Buy Colony. 

Revolution tliat Capt. Isaac Sinitli was accorded £1089 in pay- 
ment for service for 51 men of his company, lie married and 
retired to the farms at Beverly, where he died, and at the 
cemetery in that town a tomb stone markinsj his grave mentions 
liim modestly as "a Soldier of the Revohition. " No better 
tribute could be paid to his life's services than that simple 
inscription, "a Soldier of the Revolution." 


BENJAMIN E., {Benjamin, Isaac, Col. Samuel, liohert, 
Richard, Thomas, Samuel, Sir JJeni'y,) married Emily R. 
Vickery November, 1852 ; tliey had four children, of whom 
there is l)ut one living. 

1. Susan F., wlio married Eenjaiiiiii O. Larcom January, LSTo. 

2. Emit.y F., unmarried. 
:3. Maktha E. 

4. Eleanor W., m. Norris T. Hall .Time, 1891. 


SUSAN F., {Benjamin, Benjamin, Isaac, Col. Samuel, 
Rohert, Richard, Thwinas, Samuel, Sir Henry,) mari-ied 
Benjamin O. Larc(»m, January, 1873. 

Their Ghildren. 

1. Gkor(;r F. 

2. Nancy E. 


P>ENJAMIN, {Isaac, Col. Samuel, Rohert, Rirhard, 
Thomas, Samuel Sir Ilenn/,) born Beverly, Oct. 27, 18(il ; 
married Charlotte AVilkins, Nov. 1825, of whom seven children 
v.'ere born. 

Smith. 345 

]\IAItY, {Benjamin, Isaac, Col. Samuel, Rohei't, Richard, 
Thomas, Samuel, Sit' Henry,) married William A. Creesy in 


1. William A. 2, who manii-d liydia A. Willininsnn. 

2. ]\[auy J. Cheksy, miinanic'd. 


JOANKA, Benjam,in, Tsaac,Col. Samnel,Tlohert, JiicJiard, 
Thomas, Samuel, Sir ire?^ ry,) mar vied Wintlirop Trnc Porfcr, 
son of Col. Porter, of Salisbury, and Rliuda Smith, daughter 
of Samuel Smith, Esq., 

Their Children. 

1. Mary Adalade, ^vllo married Henry S. Woodbury ; issue, 

Carrie Elsie Woodbury. 

2. Abisie Fuancis, unmarried. 

3. Isaac Edwin, m. Minuit^ Hanliorn May, 1894. 

4. Charles Winthkot, m. Ella Green Deeenil)er, lSfl2. 

.J. Benjamin, ni. Saraii Macenlosh XovenilKsr, 1896. 
6. George Edwin, died 1857. 


COL. WILLIAM, {Col. Samuel, Robert, Richard, Thomas, 
Samuel, Sir Henry,) hoYw Nov. 7, 1747; died Jidy 2, 1810; 
married Ann True, dau<;hter of Capt. Winthrop and Dorotliy 
Currier True, Ijorn 1745 ; died May 4, 1800. 

Col. William Smith was a lieutenant in Washington's army, 
and was snb.sequently colonel of militia and a member of the 
(jr(^vernor's staff of New Hampshire. His only child, William 
True Smith was for 6?> years a meml)cr of tlie Deerfield Con- 
gregatioti;d church and foi' the grcatei- part of that period, 

346 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

William True Siiiitli J»orii October, 1727 ; died September 
1), 1851); married Nov. 7, 17^1, Phoebe, daughter of Natlianiel 
and l*hoobe (Loxejoy) Aiid)r()se of Peml)roke, N. II. 

Theik Children. 

1. Jonathan Ambrose, b. Dec. 7, 1801; for nioic tlian 50 years a 

successful physician in Alna, jVIe. 

2. Anna Tkue, b. Dec. 5, 1S03. 

3. PiiOE7?E A.MBROSE, b. Nov. 3, 1805. 

4. William Tkue, b .Inly 15, 1807. 

5. Timothy Opiiam, b. Aug. 13, 1809. 
(). Martha A.MiiitosK. b. Apr. 24, 1811. 

7. David Adams, 1). Aug. 18, 1814. 

8. Elizai'.eth Jane, b. Sept. 22, 1816. 

9. Hosea Hii.DUETri, b. Feb. '17, 1820 ; father of Hon. Iloke 


10. Abbie Baker, b. July 23, 1822. 

11. John Z Adams, b. Oct. 3, 1825. 


SARAH, {Col. Samuel^ Rol>ert., Richard., Thomas, Samuel.^ 

Sir Henry,) born Sept. 1-1, r7-l(>; married, 1st, Capt. Winthroj) 

True Jan. 30, 1706; married, 2nd, Capt. Moses True Jan. 

26, 1775. 

Theik Children. 

Dorothy, b. Dec, 19, 1706: ul Abel Jackmaii Jan. 30, 1791. 

Moses, b. Sept. 8, 1708 ; m. Ilannali P.rown. 

WiNTHROP, b. Aug. 27, 1770; ni. Sarah ClilTord, of Runiney, N. 

11., Nov. 16, 1797. 
William, b. July 10, 1770: m. Susanna Lowell 1802. 


Juii-N CiiLL, lit Salisbury 103G-40, also Wells, Maine. Richard 
Gill 26 yrs, Barque Prcurose, Capt. Dc)Uii:las, 27 July, 1635. 
Supposed to be sous of a wealthy Loudon merchant, Thouias 
Gyll, whose daughter Isabel was third wife of Tliouias 
Saunders of Auiershani Berks Co., England. 

Children of John Gill and Phebe Bu&well, dau. of Isaac 
Buswell, born at Salisbury, Mass., where John (iili was one of 
the original proprietors with John Saunders and others. 

Their Children. 

1. Eli/,ai!i:tii, b. 8: llin, 1645. 

2. PiiEBK, b. 6: 11 m, 1649. 

3. Samuel, b. 5: lliii, 1651. 

4. Sarah, b. 27: 4in, 1654. 

5. Moses, b. 26: 10m, 1656. 

6. Benjamin. 

7. Isaac, b. 24: 2in, 1665. 


SAMUEL GILL, (Jo/m,) born, 5; 11m., 1651; married 
Sarah Worth, Nov. 5, 1678, she thed;iu. of Lionel and Susanna 
(Whipple) Worth. Child. 

Sauaii, born Sept. 26, 1684. 


SARAH, {Samuel, JoJin) intention to marriage Aug. 14, 
1713, to Robert Smith, son of Ca})t Richard Smith. 

Tmkir Child. 

Samiei, Smith, b. 1714. Juno 28. A niciiibc r of the ProviiK ial 

348 Founders of JMassachasetts Bay Colony. 


HON. SAMUEL SMmi, Un-n June 2S, r714, [Rohcrt, 
Jtlchard, Thomas, Sa7avcl, Rev. Ilenty, Sir Ihujh,) niarriud 
Mary Gove May 23, 1734. 


I. Isaac, b. 17o(i. 

'I. Enoch, 1). 1740; d. Oct. 1, l.siT. 

3. 8ai!A1i, b. July 1, 1741; in. first, Capt. Wiutlirnii Tiuu ; 

second, Moses True. 

4. AI5IC4AIL, b. Aug. 3, 1743. 

.1. KiioDA. G. William. 7. Hannah. 8. Ruoda. 9. Keuiikn. 

10. .loN.vniAN, an officer of Kevolution ; children, Enoch, John, 

Samuel, Abigail, Mary, Khoda, who married Col. Porter; 

had son, Wiuthroj) True Porter. Col. Jonathan Smith died 

June 4, 1848, ag. 91 years. 

II. Molly, b. Aug. 10, 1771 ; d. June, 1793. 

John, an officer of llevolutiou. 
Isaac, an officer of Revolution. 

Descendants of Sarah Smith, born July 1, 1741, and Winthrop 
and Moses True recorded in the True line. 


DANIEL SAUNDERS JUN'R, {Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
(Jaj}t. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) born March 4, 
1772; married Oct. 11, 1704, Sarah Phippen Gill, daughter of 
John aiul Priscilla Phippen Gill, Salem, Mass. 

John Gill, a trusted officer of Revolution, (see record Pro v. 

The Crest of the " Worth" Coat of Arms is described as 

follows : 

ARGEJNT, an eagle imperiel sable, membered or. 
CREST, a Lion Rampant ]>. \i. r. 


In the Inuulri'd of Aiucsbiiry, we find Lewis 4tli, son of 
Roi;erus de ClitFord, who died 18 Ricliard II (1380.) His son 
William niarried Elizabetli, daugliter and heii" of Sir Arnold 
Savage Kniylit. He died, 1537, leavini; Lewis, who died M. 
r., niarried to Ann Molins. 

Second son, John, married to Florentina, ilau^hter of St. 
Leger, Esq., whose son Thomas was first in Boscombe. This 
Thomas married Thomasine, danghter of .lolin Thorpe, and 
sister of William Thorpe. We find that William, son of this 
Tiiomas, did homage to Henry VIII for the m mor of Teynton, 
alias Bnrdon, and the fishing of the river Teign in Devonshire, 
and for his })roperty in Glocester and Wiltshire. This William 
by his wife, Elizabeth Vamp, left only son, Henry, who made 
his will July 17, 1577, and by his lady Elizabeth, danghter of 
William Corant of Tnrnber. Es(|r.. had issne Anthony, who 
married Ann, 3rd danghter of Sir Peter Courtney Knt. This 
Anthonij made will 19 Apr. 22 year of Elizabeth's Ileign. 
Tile following epitaph existed in Exeter Cathedral, 12 May, 
1673, when the pedigree of Clifford was ajiproxcMl by Va\\\'. 
Walker, Esq., Garter, Edward Bysshe and William Norray 
Knt. The epitaph is as follows: 

"Hero lies Aiithouy ClilTonl of Hoscoiulx', in Wiltshire; Co., 
Esq., descendant of tlie honorable house of the I>ord CliU'ord, 
Earl of Cumberland, who dyed a good christian, 12 Sept. Anno 
D(jniino, 1580. 

His Children. 

1, IIknuv, bap. 2 Mar., 1566. 

2. Si.MO.M, bap. 4 Sept., 1509. 
8. Thomas, bap. 1 June, 1572. 
4. .loiiN, hap. C Oct., 157!). 

C. .loAN, bai). IG Aug., 1570. 

7. M.v(iO,vi.i.Ni;, bap. 25 .luly, 1575. 

8. SniLSToN, bap. 18 June, 1570. 

350 Jb Guilder n of Massachusetts J lay Colony. 

There seems to luive been another son not mentioned in this 
list, for we find in the Downton records the following : 

"1592. William, son of Anthony Cliirord, (lied. (Hoare.) 

Thus we find this family of Clifford's residing at Boscombe, 
Parish of Downton, at the time that John 8andei"s was a resi- 
dent of '• Weeke " of the same parish. 

Jolm Clifford, son of Anthony and Ann, 1)ap. 6 Oct. 157l>, 
may have l)een the John (ylilford who was so active a mendjer 
of the Hampton ('olony, together with John Sanders of 
Weeke, and many others from Wiltshire, who together with 
Rev. Stephen Batcheller from Newton Toney, made the first 
settlements at what is now called Hampton, N. II. IIami»ton 
was on the coast and hnt a short distance from Salisbui'y, also 
colonized bv John Sanders and others. 

ALEXANDER CLIFFORD, {George, Birhard Leinls 
William, Sir Lewis,) married Jane Sanders, and i)y her had 
an only dauo'hter. 

Henry, uncle to Alexander, and brother of George, married 
Ann, sister of Walter Deveren.x, earl of Essex. Descendants 
of this line were ])rominent in the settlement of MarlJehead 
and Salem, Mass. We also have the record in the New World 
of "George Cliiford, with wife Elizabeth and son John, who 
arrived from Arnold Village and Parish, Nottingham Co., 
England, in 1(U4-, at Pxiston, Mass. 

John Cliiford settled at Hampton, N. II., l()40-43. His 
iii'st wife was Sarah. He married, 2n(l, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Richardson Sept. 2S, 1658, who died Dec. 1st, 1007. He 
married, 3rd, Mrs. Bridget Higgins Feb. 0, 1072. John 
Clifford died Oct. 17, 10!)1, ag. 80 yrs. The children of John 
Clifford, ba])tised at Hampton, N. IL, were: 

1. Joii.v. 1). 1(345 : bap. May 10, 1646 ; in. Sarah (lodcy. 

Clifford. 351 

3. H.wNAii, b. Apr. 15,1649: m. IS'ov. 20, KiTT, I.iikc Miilooii, 

of Dover, N. II. 

4. Eli/.ahktii, 1). Apr. 4, 1050 : d. young. 

5. Mkihtahi.e, (1. youiiir. 

(J. Em/ai;ktii, l)iip. Aug. ;il, 1659. 

7. EsTiiKK, blip. Feb. 28, 1662. 

8. Isaac, bap. Feb. 14, 1664 : d. May 21, 1694. 
'.). Maky, blip. Fi'b. 8, 1666: d. Oct. 3n, KUiil. 


ISRAEL, {John, John,) born April IT). 1G47 ; inarried, Nov, 
2i», 1677, Ann Smith, and settled in Hampton, N. II. 

Thkik Children. 

1. A.NN, bap. 22 Fcl).. 1GS2 : in. 21 Dec. 1702, John Oatnagc. 

2. Meiiitai'.le, bap. 9 July, 1686. 

8. Samuki-, bap. 28 Mar., 1689; m. Sarah Dow. 

4. Sakaii, bai). 10 May, 1691 ; d. young. 

5. John, ba]). 1698-4. 

6. Isaac, bap. 24 May, 1696. 


liS A AC, {Isreal, Joh7i, Joh?i,) bap. 24 May, 1(590, went to 
Kittery, Maine, thence to Chester, N. II., where he married 
Sarah Ilealy, thence removing to Rnnmey, N. II. Ei_i>ht 
children were born to them, among whom was Nathaniel who 
married Ruth Garland of Candia, N. II. John Clifford, .son 
of Nathaniel and Ruth was born at Rumney, N. ii., and there 
married Sarah Hall. 


.lOlI.N, {2\at]uinieJ, hadc. Isreal, John. John,) born Rum- 
ney, N. II., had child, Sarah Clifford born Nov. S. 17S0. who 

352 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

was inan-ied Nov. 10, 1797, to Winthrop True, (son of Capt. 
AViiithrop True of Salisl)iiry, Mass.,) who settled in Went- 
wortli, N. II. 

Their Children. 

1. WiTJ.iAM, who m. Pliebe and settled in Bowdoinham, Maine. 

2. Nancy, b. 1806, wlio m. Dec. 25, 1835, Pliilip Henry Saunders, 

son of Capt. Henry Saunders, of Salem, Mass. 

3. WiNTiiKni', who d. at Lowell, Mass., 1833. 


NANCY CLIFFORD TRUE, {John, Nathaniel, Issac, 
Israel, John, John,) horn 1S06; married Dec. 25, 18^5, Fliilip 
Henry Sanders, Salem, Mass. 

Their Children. 

Eliza, b. Sept. 9, 1837. 
WiNTUiiOL, Oct. 19, 1839; d. 1842. 

Sai;aii, July 24, 184:5; ni. .June 20, 18(>7, ('apt. David Sniitli, 
Engineer Corps, [' . S. N. 


SARAH. { Aancy, John, Nailianiel, Isaac, Isreal, John, 
John), horn .Inly 24, lS-h3; married June 20, 1867, David 
Smitii, Engineer Corps, U. S. N. 

Their Children. 

WiNTiiKoi- Clifford, b. .Tune 20, 1870 : d. July 7, 1870. 
Allen Lowe, b. Aug. 0, 1872 ; d. Jan. 10, 1873. 
Helkn Saunders, b. Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Byers, b. ^March 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe, b. Oct. 16, 1884. 

The Cliffords of New Hamjisliire did good service during 
the Revolutionary War. Many of them were commissioned 
officers, and their records are prominently mentioned in l)otii 
Belknap's and IJatcheller's history of New Hampshire. 


Ki('iiAi:n CiKKiKu', born KilO, was one of tliu iirst .settlers 
of Salisbury, Mass. 


Thomas- CriiuiKU, born 164G; married ]\Iai'y, daughter of 
Win. Osgood, who also was one of the first settlers of Salisbury, 


Samuei;^ CuRRiEi;, born 1075; married Dec. 14, 17<»2, 
Dorothy Foot. 


Dorothy'* Currier, born Nov. 22, 1711 ; married, Jan. 15, 
1752, Capt. Winthrop True. 


John Stevens of Salisbury, and wife Catlierine, liad the 
following children : 

1. John. 

2. Eliza, wlio d soon. 

3. Eliza. 

4. jMauy. 

;■). Nathaniel. 

6. Benjamin, h. 2 Feb., 1650. 

Catherine, his wife, died 1082, lie died the following 

Benjamin Stevens, son of John and Catherine, born 2 Feb. 
1650; married, 25 Oct. 1673, Hannah, dangliter of Thomas 
and Eleanor Bainard. Their children were Eleanor and (Cather- 
ine, twins; baptised, 1st Cliurch Salem, 2 Jan. 1675, also other 

Eleanor, daughter of Benjamin and Hannah, married William 
True, son of Henry True of Salisbury, Mass., from whom 
descended the True line herein inscribed. 

In closin<r the records of some of the founders of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, the author does not wish it to b(> 
inferred, that they were all from this section, who were par- 
ticipants in this struggle for Home, Country and Independence 
• — ^far from it, — every city, town and hamlet, has its record of 
honored dead ; every spot has its hallowed memories, and 
every heart its sorrows to relate of the ancestor gone before. 
This record is the history of one family, and its connections, 

NoU. 355 

and it l>ut takes us to that section of New p]nii;laiKl, bordering 
the seacoafit, and the source of the rivers Merrimack, Saco and 
AVells. It is tlic record of the Saunders family and their 
married and inter-married connections. This family is now 
scattered ; very few are living in this section ; but the records 
are indellible, and are now gathered together to be numbered 
with other prized archives of the past. 

Note. — The picture of the old First (Church, as giveu here, 
would convey to anyone not familiar with its history, the impres- 
sion that it was rather a modern h)oking building, with its clap- 
boards of recent date. There has, however. l)een added an 
external structure of suitable strength to which tlie ancient frame 
is bolted ; this frame is seen projecting on the outside of the 
plastering within the building. The First Church, 1634, was com- 
posed of the rafters and posts used in this building, and the frame 
of the galerv shows its original use ; the roof of the original 
Church was supposed to have been thatched. Here in this build- 
ing the congregation worshipped until 1039, when an agreement 
was made with John Pickering to build an addition twenty-five 
feet long and of the same breadth as the present building. This 
house continued (as appears by the record.s) to accommodate the 
people until l(>7(l,\vlien a seeond house was l)uilt, tlie old meeting- 
house being reserved for a and town house. This 
town house continued in the town's use until May 19, 1700. It is 
supposed to have been disposed of to Thorndike Proctor about 
1764, who was at that time a conspicuous man in town, being 
selectman, moderator of town meetings and grand juryman. !t is 
supposed he removed it to his own land, back of what is now 
known as Boston Street, and here it has been undisturbed for 100 
years. A committee appointed by the Essex Institute, after re- 
search into the history of this structure, declare it to have been 
composed of tlic original frame work of " Tiuo First Ciiuucn." 
(Records published by Essex Institute.) 

NoTi:.— On page 110, line 33, the date should read February 33, 
1783 instead of 1788. 

Note. — On Page 346, the lirsl line sliouid read : William 
True Smith, born November, 1747 : died Septcmlter 9, 18'29, in- 
stead of October, 1727. and September 9, ISf)!). 

Note. — The impress of the Crest upon tlie will of CHiristophor 
Saunders, (/7W, Boston Prolxitc Offirc) is the most distinct Im- 
press I have seen; a (•()unl(r|)ar1 of the Crest submitted here, as 
that of Thiiuia- and .Inlin. (if l!i rks and Willshin;. 



Lvdia. 1J45. 
Mary. IIG. 
stepUen, IIU. 


Joseph, 116. 193, •^:U. 
Samuel. 210. 

I'luiliiie. l.")0. 

Eliza. 31-J. 
John, -ill. 
Julias. Sti. 

Maiv. U-i. 141. 309, 318, 334. 
Widow. 331. 


jDsiaU. SG. 


Asa, 33G. 


Ann. 381. 303. 30G. 
William, 79. 
-Mr.. 179. 


Nathaniel. 34G. 
Phebe, 34G. 

John. 180. 
John. Jr.. ISO. 
Jeane. 343. 
Joseph. 180. 
Thomas, ISO. 193. 
William. IKI. 


Juliii. :,7, 337. 

Al{( MAKI). 
Samuel. 3GS. 


Anthony. Es(|., 4."). 
Edwin. IG. 4:>. 
Hannah. 174. 
Hester. IG. 4.">. 
Samuel. 4.i. 99. UXi. 

Thomas Sir. 13. 17. 31. 
Walter. 131. 


Jac(jb, 286. 


Dolly. 153. 
Josephus. l.Vl 


Abigail, 207. 


Judse, 288. 


John. 333, 343. 


Kuth. 304. 


George. 171. 
Mary Ella, 174. 


Beal. 88. 
Jacob, 331. 

^lirliael. S(i. «G. 90. 

Joseph, .300, 


Mr.. 179. 
('hristiii)hfr. Hi. 


Adelaide. 339. 
Antoiietti'. 1.-J4. 339. 
Elizabeth. 338. 
Frank. 339. 
Frederick. 339. 
(ieorye, 134, 333.328. 
John. 338. 
Joaima. 31G. 
Samuel, Jr., 134. 
Sarah. 339. 
Walter, 339. 


William, ('apt.. s,.n, 330. 


Christopher. 47. 309. 
Robert, ]{ev., 47. 


Abhv. 133. I t:J. 
James, 133. 143. 


John. 79. 


Hannah. 37ii. 3.'<rt. ;w3. 
Xaiicv. 333. 339. 
Thomas, 183, 37G. 
Samuel, 83, 


Clara. 319. 
Ur., .".. 97. 
Ingraham, Col.. 137. 


Mr., 3GG. 


William. 180, 312. 


Mary, 310 . 


John, 100. 
John. Junr.. ISO. 


Edmund. K'3, 177, 

Mary, 318, 334. 


Capt., 333. 

Ella, 2.50. 

Rev. Stephen. 48. 49, 133. 


Jonas, 98. 


Mr., 99. 

Edmund. 101, 1()7. 
:Martha, 101. 


Jona, 8.5. 


Mr., 49. 
Ebene/.er, 3S."), 380. 


Abbie. 350. 
Theodore, 2.50. 


Dr. Rev., 13S. 


Richard .55. 


Jdlui, 109. 


j Abbey, 333. 


John. 00. 


Betsey. 313. 31 !i. 


John, Mr.. 319. 


:Marv, 310. 


•lames, 108, 109, no. 

B()\YI)I( II. 

Joseph, lOil, 189. 
William, 77. 


David. 315,316. 




Ki'vereiul, -Jd. 
Governor, 'i\\. 


Alice. 354, 5o7. 

Ann, •>'.■) 1, lioT. 258, 281, ;-i03. 80r. 

Barliara. 257, 258. 

Elizabeth. 254. 2.5.5. 258. 

Francis, 254. 258. 

Charlotte E.,2()4. 

George. 2.50. 

Edward, 2.54, 2.58. 

Edmund. 2.54. 

Henry. 257. 

Jacob, 262. 

James. 2ti4. 

Jane. 251, 254. 25S. 302, 260, 269, 

302, 340. 
Joan, 251. 
John. 2.54, 2.55, 257. 
Judith, 262. 
Katherine. 2.54. 

:\larv. 184. 255, 260. 261, 262, 302. 
.Alartha, 258. 
MaiKuret. 255. 258. 
:Mathe\v, 2.5«.2.57. 
LaAvrence. 254. 
Nichols. 254. 
Ottewell, 2.54. 
Phillipa, 2.56. 258. 
Kobert. 251. 2.52, 2.54. 2.56. 
Koger, 251. 
Saunders, 264. 
Thomas (.'apt., 251, 2.53. 258, 2.59, 

266. 269, 272, 3u2. 337, 340. 
Tliomas (2), 202, 275. 302. -303. 
Tlioma.s Sir, 251. 256, 257. 
William 251, 252. 254. 2.55, 2.56, 

257, 258. 2(!2. 204, 275. 338. 
AVymond. 254. 257. 278, 262. 

B1{.V( KEMU Ul. 
Kichard, 171. 


.Simon ]{ev.. 4i!, 47, 141. 2,59, 269, 


:\Ir.. 24. 


Governor. 245. 


David, 83. S4. ss, s'.l. 90, 91, 92. !16. 


Charles Kev., 83. S4, 86, 87. 89, 
90, 91, 93. 


LiD'd Geuri;!' ile. 15. 
Governor, \:^'i. 
Kebeeca, 152. 

John Mr., 219. 

Abis-ail, 276. 277, 313. 
Beuiainiin. ('apt. 80.88,90, 277. 

Cornelius 74. 
Francis, '.^73 276. 
JIann.di, 277, 2S4. 2S.->. 310, 318. 

Ilenrv, 273, 270. 

James. 116.2.50, 

John, ('apt. 277. 230. 

Joseph. Kev., 277. 

Mar\-, 82, 277, 303, 305. 

Nathaniel. 271. 

PoUv, 313. 

Kutii, 316. 

Sarah. 277. 

Samuel, 67, 277. 

Simon, 277, 

Thomas, Esq.. 277. 

William. ;Maior, 60, 82, 8.3. 

90, 211. 221, 222, 223, 277, 

334, 336. 


Thomas, 2r.S. 


Robert, .55. 
Widow, 55. 
Joshua, 109. 


Jona, 187. 
Zodock. 193. 


Zach, so. 


Abin-ail, 143. 


George. 184. 


Abia-ail S.. 146. 
Asrnes. 147. 
f:dward W.. 146. 
Elizabeth S.. 146. 
Florence. 147. 
Henry. 122, 1.52. 
Marv Palmer. 153. 
Kebecea K., 140. 
Sarah. 122. 152. 
Susanna S.. 146. 147. 
Susie, 147. 

WillardPeele, 146, 147, 
Willard Au.uustus. 147, 


Isaac. 347. 
Phebe. 347. 
Mary, 154. 


Samuel. 80. 


Priscilla. 20O. 


Joseph Hon.. 173, 175. 


Abraham, 85, 88. 
John, 85, 87. 


Alice. 247. 
Caleb. 247. 
James. 247. 
Lucv. 247. 
Sarah, 247. 


Jonn Puke, 14. 

Joseph, 183 
Mr,, 25 



Marv, 153. 
Mr.. "48. 
Joseph, 153. 


Martha, x80. isi. 

•^*^- Lord, 24. 


John. 341. 
Jo.seph Col., 343. 


Sarah. .337. 


John Es(ir., 16. 


Samuel, 12, ; 5, 
John. 214. 


Jlr., 81. 
Daniel. 99. 
Samuel, 86, 183. 


Edward, 329. 
John L. 329. 


William Sir. is. 


Elizabeth, 14. 
V.'illiam. I4. 


Amos, 118. 
Benja., ;^12. 
Eliza, 118. 
John Esq., 214. 217. 
Thomas, 180, 


Daniel. 101, 234. 
Governor. 72. 


Daniel. 38. 

John Capt.. 39. Si. 84, 8.5. ^(,, 87, 

89. 92, 95. 
Marv. 38. 39. 
Mr.," 25, 39. 
Thomas, 1^8. 


Ahce. 142. 
Marv, 108. 
Lucv. lijs. 142. 
William Sewell, ;41. 
Mary Saunders. 1 2. 
Nathaniel. 231. 


Anthony, 131. 349. 
Ann, 351, 
Alexander, 350. 
Elizabeth. 349, 3.50. 351. 
Estlier, 351. 



(ieoi'ire. 3.")(). 

ll.-nry. 34'.», i-)0. 

Ilaiiiinli. 351. 

Isiiac. :i">l. 

Israel. XA. :i51. 

John. 37, -19. VJH, 284, 2,S8, 310, 

John. 34'.t, :teO, 351. 
Joan. 349. 
Ltwis. 349. 
Marv. 3.51. 
Nathaniel. 351. 
Mehitahle, 451. 
Matrdaline. 349. 
Kof:enis. 349. 
Samuel. 351. 
Simon, 349. 
Sarah. R't!. 138, 284, 288. 307, 

310, 3IS. 340, 350. 351. 
Thomas, 349. 
William. 131, 349. 
Shil>ton. 349. 


Joseph, 192. 
Miriam, 3u7. 313. 


Alice. 12. 
James sir, 12. 

Mrs. 92. 
Peter Capt.. 219. 


Ales. Aliee. 16. 34. 41, 42. 132. 

Alexander, 56. 57, 59. 

Anne. .52. 

Barnabv. .52. 131. 

Bethiah. 69, 

John. .52. 131. 

Nicholas. .52. 

Ricliard. 40, 258. 

Hobert. 42, 46, 52. 

William, .52. 

Philip. 131. 


Jona. 311. 318. 
Samuel, 274 . 

Joseph, 231. 

Icabod, 191. 


Catherine, 264. 
RoKer, 79, 167. 


Jonatlian. isu. 218. 
Jonathan Jr., 180. 
William. 180. 
William Jr.. 180. 

Sarah, 204. 


Edward, 166. 
Aliee. 166. 

Thomas Es(i.. 2.52. 

Ciles. 184. 


William. ■i49. 

Frank, 144. 

Sarah, 264. 

John, 05. 

Iliimplirey. 65. 69. 


Ann. 349. 
Peter Sir, 349. 

Mehitable. 305. 313. 
Naiiey. 313. 321. 

Bishop. 20. 


Ann. 139. 
Anne. 139. 
Beii.jamin. 139. 

:Mr. 234. 


Stephen Mr.. 219. 


Clifford, 85. 87, 91, 96. 
John. 8.5. 87. 
Mary. 175. 


William A.. 345. 
William A.. (2). 345. 
Mary J.. 345. 


Henrv. 117. 236. 
:Marv, 250. 
Khoda. 3!7, 326. 
Samuel, 230. 


Caleb, 259, 282. 

Caleb Col., 284, 292, 293, 294, 

Mr. 25. 

Loisa, 122. 
Tebina, 285. 


Ann, 2S1. 303, 306. 
Dorothy, 281. 303, 309, 353. 
:ilary, 353. 
Nathaniel, 218, 282. 
Hichard. 3.53. 
Thomas, 3.53. 
Samuel, 281. .'WO. 353. 
Brothers, 179. 


George Capt., 77, 161. 277. 

.Mr.. 160. 

Hannah. 277. 

John. 277, 337. 

Marv. 277. 337. 

I'hiiip. H6. 


Benia.. Jr., 192. 2:%. 
Thorndike. 191. 


Justain, Eso.. 219. 
Samuel. ]{ev..49. 

John. 85. 86. 87. 90. 91. 94. 

John, 182. 


Col., 127. 230. 

Dorothy, 321. 

Elphas, 1.55. 

Governor, 245. 

Hainiah. 155. 

Joshua. 311. 321. 

Marv. 321. 

Robert Capt.. 296, 297, 298. 

Sarah, 122, 1.55. 


Augustus, 246. 

Aujrusta. 246. 

Abbv, 246. 

Abigail, 245. 

Asa. 244. 

Betsey, 247, 249, 250. 

Bathslieba, 244. 245, 247. 

Caroline. 245 

David, 244. 245. 246. 

David. Rev., 116.241,245. 

David, Lieut., 249. 

Elizabeth, 240, 243. 244. 245. 

Eben. 245. 246. 

Eben L.. 250. 

Ebenezer. 244. 

Eunice. 246. 

Experience, 244. 

Ezra. 244. 

Georire P., 248. 

Georse. 246. 249. 

Henrv. 244. 

John Capt.. 244. 

Jemima. 244. 

Jessie, 244. 

Joseph, 243, 244. 

Joseph. 243. 244. 

Joseph, Jr.. 244. 

Lillian. 249. 

Lucy, 246. 

Lydia. 245. 

Levi, 244. 

Maria, 245. 

Marien. 250. 

Margaret, 249. 250. 

Marv. 243. 246. 249, 250. 

Martha. 246. 

Mollv. 244. 

Robert. 243. 245. 

Robert >L. 249. 

Robert Hon.. 245. 

Samuel, 243. 244, 247, 249, 2.50. 

Sarah. 243, 245, 246, 247. 

Thorndike, 24.5, 247, 250. 

Thorndike (\V), 247. 

Stephen. 8f<. 90. 

Stephen. Jr.. 85. 

William, 246. 


George. C6, 07. 
James, CO. 




Frank l.ifiil.. t-MS. '-I.Vl 

Kdwaril. >>18, -J.VJ, 

lliirrv. -MS. 

Maria. -,'48. 

Kolierl -.MS. --C)!. 255. 


(ieoru'e, .58. 
.Mary. ."iS. WW. 1 ir. 


t'ai-it , -Jijli. 

Daniel Ma.ior (ien.. Jd, 47. 


Aun, a'iO. 
Walter. 3.50. 


Elias. -JSo. 

T?()i;er. 315. 

Hiclianl. .Jr.. Hon.. -,'18. 


:Mr., 337. 


Widow, •>-). l.")!i. 

Philemon. 40. 

Bridget, 331. 
Eobert Sir., 33:. 


George, 385. 
Jacob Capt., 318. 
Jemima, 33(j, 305, 313. 
Jf).sliua, 385. 

John. 51. 
Kichard, 51. 

William. 85. 

William ,Mr,. 310. 

.[oseiili. 74. 

Emanuel. 173, 177. 

Andrewe, 130. 


Charlotte. 330. 
Francis, 37). 
Lvdia, 305. 314. 
Kol)ert. 330. 
iSarah, 351. 
Peter, Esc].. 371. 


Mr., 4(i. 


Kobert ('apt., 17, 18. 
James Rev., 08, 99. 


Anthony. 14. 15, lo, 17. 34. 131. 
Anne. 14. 
Charles sir., Itj. 
Elizabeth. 14. 
Frederick, 15. 

Marv. 14. 
Robert, 15. 
Slinnsbv, 15. 
Thomas. 14, 17, 34. 
AVilliam, 14. 17. 


Gov., 47, 183 

Samuel, 47, 48. 2.59. 2(;9, 

Roger, 47. 


Eliza. 300. 
Mary, 300. 


:\Ir. William, 335. 

T., 314. 

EAST.11 AN. 

Alice. 40. 41. 
Beniamin, 338. 
Thomas, 40. 41, 130. 


George, 130. 

Rebecca, 184. 


Abraham, 304. 
Eiihriiim, 375. 303. 
llenrv. 318. 373, 303. 
Joseph, 304. 
Jabez, 305. 
Hannah. 305, 311. 
:Mary. 304. 
Sarah, 304, 

:\lr., 337. 

Anna. 35S. 
John Sir. 15. 
Richard. 3.58 


Ada. 1.50. 


Mary, 313. 318. 


Andrew, 183. 


Caiit., 334. 


Thomas, 333. 
Widow. 333. 


Elizabeth. 78, 130, 104. 
Eleaser, 103. 
Esther, 103. 
Greshon. 103. 
Hannah. 104. 
Henry. 40. 78. 103. 
Henry (i'apt., 78. 
Jean, 104. 
John, lfi4. 

Marv, 78. 130, 103. 104. 201, 300. 
Robert, 104. 
Richard, i\'!<. 00. 
Sarah. 104. 
Stephen. 103. 

Thomas ('apt., 78, 00, loO, 130. 


Elizabeth. 304. 
Timothy, 330 


J. Clifford. 300. 310. 


.\nn. 175. 

Elizabeth, 175, 336. 
Governor. 44. 172. 
Hannah. 173. 173, 1,85. 
John, 42. 175. 
Mary, 173, 175. 
Samuel, 173. 173. 175, .322. 
'William C. 173. 175. 
William, Jr., 173. 
William P.. 175, 


John, 83. 83. 

J'hilip, 78. 82. 83. 85, 80. 88. 183, 

312. 184. 
William, 37, 48. 40. 72. 78. 

El'ES. EPl'ES. 

Samuel Cav>t., 228. 
William. 00, 102. 
Mai-y. 100. 

Prince, a negro man. 231. 

Abi.lah. 103. 
Elizalieth. 70, 78. 
Samuel. 99. 


I.saac, 183. 
Mary. 184. 


Benj. ('apt., 292, 

David, 306. 

Sarah. 306, 312. 

Jonathan. Capt. 293, 201, 205. 


William, Lord. 13. 

John, 37, 

Joseph. 180, 182. 

William, 83. 

Ben.i. 218. 


Elizabeth. 243. 
Thomas, 243. 

Nathaniel' 231. 


Michael Capt,, 218. 
Nathaniel, 218. 


Bishop, 20. 


Abigail. 184. 
Francis, 183. 




John. 1S(I. 

FKI/r - s. 

Joliii. I'.t3. 
Joshua. •,'•11. 
Anna. ;11C. 

Abi^'ail. 3v'0. 
Ilannali. Mi. 175. 
Maiv. 17-J. 175. 
Malat-lii. 10-,'. 
Xatban. V.\-i. 
Nathaniel. 17:.'. 17."). 
Tiniotbv. 1!>-,'. 
Elisha. "l'.i2. 
Ehen, Iff.'. 

.Mai-jraret. Vii, 153. 


Lord. Vi. 14. l."«. .")0. 131. 
Kdnuind. 57. 5S. m. GO. 


Jabez. 1S3. 

Anna, 317. 


Tlionias Jr.. 182. 
William. 183. 
Tbimias. 18-». 

Emma, 348. 

Nathaniel, los, 109. 


Kev. 345. 
Maria, 345. 


Pattie. 311. 
Philip. 337. 


Marv. 301. 
Joseph. -iW, 301. 
Israel. 2C8. 


Hannah. 03. («. 
Samuel, -i-i^. 
Sarah, 3(il, 307. 
William. 330. 

FO(;<i. FLA<;(; 

J. 314. 
Kalph. 335. 


Carrie. 349. 3.50. 


Aim. 184. 
Caleb. 1!)3. 237. 
Caroline. 348. 
Frank 1{ . 348. 
Isaac, IWJ. 
Joseph C. 248. 
Lydia. 212. 
Le<lan, 93. 
Rob.-rt S.. 218. 
William 11.. 248. 
Ktiriald. IhO. 


Dorothy, 309, :«3. 


John. 164. 


Abbv. 144. 
Carrrie, 144. 
Francis. 144. 
Judire. 133. 
William Huliert, 144. 
Hubert E.. 144. 


Tliomas (apt., 399. 
Ebenezer Col.. 399. 


Abitrail, 375, 376, 377, 302, 304, 

Edward. 134, 374, 275. 376. 302, 

303. 337. 
Hannah. 370. 
Henry. 370. 338. 
Jemima. 303. 
Joseph. -,'74. 37(;. 
Nathaniel. 37l>. 
Marv. 134. 
Sarah. 300. .308. 
Samuel. 376, 377. 

Caleb. 247. 
Eunice. 347. 
John Jr., 74. 117,347. 
Eucv. 347. 
Sarah. 347. 
Samuel, 331. 
William. 247. 


Colonel James, 294, 295. 
Peter. 103. 163. 231. 
James Estj., 219. 
Sallv, 347. 
William, 330. 

John, .54. 


Archelous Capt., 319. 
Ejihriam, 319. 
Major. 333. 
3Iaria, .38. 

(;overnor, 191, 224, 226, 238. 

William, 85, 86, 87. 


Eleanor, 3.50. 
I<:iae. 330. 
Ili-nrv. 399. 
John. 45. 69.77. 189. 
•Ii'iiathan 117. 
.Mary. 77. 
Priscilla, 4.5. 
Hiehard. 45. 
Tliomas, 60. 71, 77,79. 
Capt. 73. 


.i..l]ii. r.i. 

Natbaniel. lir,. 


.\nn, .351. 


Emma. 149. 

Bartho, 63. 373. 


Eldridire, ,Mr.. 319. 233. 333. 


Mr.. 94. 


Ben.j. 58.61. ,S4. 90. 91. 94. 9.5, 96. 
Jacob. Col. 395. 397. 300. 
Joseph, Hon. 18-3, 219. 
Robert. H3. 
Samuel. Es(|.. 219. 


Abraham. 307. 
Ben.iamin 116. 
John. Capt., 304. 
Israel, .307. 
Richard. 307. 
Ruth. 307. 


Edward. 267. 36S. 


.Tames, Jla.jor. 83. 
Edward. 367, 268. 


Robert. 60. 
John, 89. 


Samuel, 180. 


Elizabeth. 310. 
Nathaniel, 31tj. 
Nicholas. 31.3. 


Barbara. 357. 

Benjamin. 347. 

Edward. Est|., 357. 

Elizabeth, .347. 

Francis, Esqr., 2.58. 

Isabel, 347. 

Isaac. 347. 

John. 13K. 141, 211, 227, 232, 259, 

303, 347. 
Mo.'^es, 141, :«7. 
Phel)e, .347. 
Priscilla. KW, 348. 
Hicliard, 347. 
Samuel. 347. 
Sarah. 141. 338, 347. 
Sarah Phippin. 112. I:i8, 139,348. 
Thomas, 347. 
William 141, 303. 


Sarah 3.50. 


Debora. 65. 
Sarah, 1S4. 


Mrs. .54. 




Heii.ianiiii. ill!, 286. 
Dciijamiii. ('apt.. 21-1. 
llaimali, 174. 
William, Dca., 15. Ti. isit. 
:Martla. K). 


h'icbjird. ('apt., 'iXu. 
('apt., •>■:«. 


('apt.. 232 
.Samuel, Mr., 219. 


Ebenezei'. 28(1. 
Ezekial, 218. 


IMri5.. 54. 


Elizabeth, 331, .'^S:! 
Edmund, Sir, 231. 
Ferdinand (). sir. 21, 24, 26. 

41. 48. 253, 2.'i9. 
Geori-'e, 48. 
John, S5. 
liohert. 31. 
Thomas, 131. 


W'illiaui. ('ai>t., 251. 

Francis, -zm. 


Edwin. 323. 


Desire. 104, 137. 13s. 


Dollv. 3.3H. 

Wary. 283, 3U9, 31.S. 338, 335, 


Beni. So. 


•Idliii. .Mr.. 219. 


Harriet. 150. 


Ella, 345. 
•Idseph, 1S3. 
Julia, 319, 
Tiiomas, 100. 


Jonathan, ('apt. 219. 
William H., 283, 341. 


Joseph, Capt.. 42,44. 134. 
Priscilla, 42, 44. 45, 54, 134. 
Mary. 44. 
Joseph. T,. 

<iREY. (JKAY. 

John. ('apt. 29S, 
Benj. 92. 
Thomas, 79, 
Williani, 217. 


Mary, 243. 




.Vddic. 2.511. 
Kuth. 311. 


Samuel. Dr. 3(.i3. 


Jeremiah, 190. loi. 


Samuel, 230. 
Thomas. 230. 


Joseph Cai)t., 219. 
Thomas, 5(j. 
Mr.. 1(;7. 

Emma, 143 
Norris T., 344. 
O. B., 248. 
Samuel. 212. 
Lvdia, 248. 
Sarah, 351. 


Tol)ias, 49. 


(ioveraor John. 232. 
John ('apt.. 220, 297,343. 


Beniamin, 59. 
Elizabeth. 161. 
Joseph Cai)t.. 44, 59, K!!. 
:\Ir., 51. 
Thomas. 99. 20G. 


Deacon, 230. 
Irena, 32(i. 
Josei)h .Mr.. 219. 


John. 292. 


Jacob, 85. 


Emma, 1.50. 
John. 299. 
Joana, 320. 


Mary, 33(;. 


Calelx 230. 
Jonathan, 23i» 


Henry, 51. 


BeiiJ.. 99. 
Elizabeth. 104. 
James. 59. 
John, 57, 
Joseph, 104. 
Major. 55. 
Ruth. 99. 
Wardham. 99. 

■SVilliam: ,58, 90, 91, 94, 9G, 99, 
134, 26S. 


Hannah, 304, 316. 


Sai'ali, 351. 


General. 187. 
Joshua, 28(). 
Ma.jor Joshua. 2S7. 


Mr., 31. 


Henrv, Sir, 12. 
John, 90. 
Mary, 12 

Abby, Mrs.. 146. 

Henry Sr., 182. 


Daniel, ('apt., 296. 
Samuel, Capt., 295. 297. 
James, 80. 

Kob, Lieut., (;i. 

Hester. 304. 

Esthel. 154. 
(Jeorge, 154. 
John. 230. 
Walter. 1.53. 


Bridget, 35(1. 

John. Sen.. 65. 101, 103, 336, 
Henry, 1(_)(5. 107. 


A. D., Re\-.. s. 
Betliiah. 57. 58. 59. 
John. .56, 57. 169. 
Philip. 60. 07. 
Zel)ulini Jr., 1)0. 


Edward, 85. 
Ira. ss. 

Joseph, 83, 84, 88. 
Mr.. 86. 

Joseph. 89. 


Dorcas, 184. 
Thomas, 211. 


Josiah, 144. 
Kittle, 144, 
Phebe, 144. 


Abigail. 184. 


Elinor. 146. 
Miranda. 111. 


Elizabeth. 323. 
Humphrey. 134. 
>Iary. 134." 
■William, Gov., 134. 




Bishop, •^. 

Mary. 5'. •^. •">'••. 'W. 

Clara. 240. 
John. GC. 


Joshu:i. Mr., -iV.K 


Samuel, Dr.. -'18, 322, 223, 


Edward. lt;2. 

Mr., IIG. 

Mr. ZVi. 


Elizabeth. 184. 

Fauny. 323. 

Austin, 2.")0. 


Abbie, 2.50. 
Anna. 310. 
Bet.sej'. 250. 
Carrie. 2.50. 
Elizabeth. 250. 
Eljen, 247. 
(ieorjre P.. 2.50. 
Hannah. 310. 
Helen, 250. 
Jabez, 310. 
.John. 247, 310. 
Henrietta. 310. 
James, 230. 
Marv. 310. 
:Maria. 250. 
>lariani. 247. 
Robert. 39. 
Ruth A., 310. 
Sarah. 310. 


Joseph, Mr.. 217. 


William. 1H3. 
-Afary. 307, 312. 


William. 98. 
Euni<'e, 98. 
Lewis, 98. 


Countess. 13. 
Edwin. Judge. IW, 320. 
John. IW). 
Kev. IJr., 189. 


Samuel. Capt.. 297. 300. 


Israel. Cai)t., 229. 
Robert, 212. 215. 
Sarah, 212, 217. 


Ephriam, 8.5. so. 90, 91, 94, 95. 
John. 108. 109, 321. 
Bethia, 87. 

Jonathan, 109. 
! IV EM. 

Beujamiu, 98. 

Abel, 284. 310. -iis. 
226, JACKSON. 

Nathaniel, 174. 
Ellen L.. 174. 


' Daniel, 193. 

I Martha, 200. 207. 

: Georfre. 180. 184. 

Richard. 200. 

Joan. 200. 

Henrv. 2.30. 
! Elizabeth, 175. 


William. 79. 


Judge, 179. 


Stephen. Capt.. 295. 


Goodman, .59. 


A. T.. 250. 

Abner. 140. 

Ann, 140. 

Charles H.. 140. 

Emery Walter. 140. 

Enierv. ('apt.. 139, 140. 

EmerV Walter Jr.. 140. 

Francis. 139. 

Emery. Saunders, Capt., 139. 

Horace. 139. 

Isaac. 140. 

Isaac, Ca|)t.. 140. 

John. Gen.. 140. 

Fi-ancis, .Mr., 100. 

Margery, 140. 

Samuel, Capt., 138. 

Samuel, Col., 293. 

Mr., 234. 

Julia, 156. 
Melinda. 1.50. 
Polly, 311. 


Eliza. 12(;. 147, 163. 
Esther. 103. 
Richard. 193. 


Miss, 142. 


Capt.. 52. 
.\nne, 52. 


Elizabeth. 147. 
.John, 141), 147. 
.Susainia, 147. 
Michael, 1.58. 


Walter Dr.. 122, 1.57. 

Mr.. 43, 

Eliza. 05. 

Capt.. 73. 

Dani«4. 214. 
Zacariah. 117. 


Clara. 153. 
Charles. 144. 
Frank. 143. 
Frederick, 143. 
Fanny. 144. 
James. 143. 
Katie, 144, 
Stella, 144, 

Bishop. 36. 
Bethia, 02. 
Bettina. 62. 
Elizal)eth, 33. 
John. 33,55. 
Robert, 62. 

Ada, 327. 


Ezekial. 48. 53, 85. 
Ann. 48. 53. 
Enos; Mr., 219. 
^\■alter, 79. 


John, 319. 
Lois. 314. 319. 
Sallie, 314. 


Edward, 314. 
O.. 314. 

Marcy, 184. 


John. 149.231. 
Thomas. 100, 101. 


Joshua, 39. 
Joshua. Capt,. 39. 
Susanna, 39. 

Jona, 85. 

Ben.1 . 285. 
Daniel. 285. 
Richard, 110.2^0. 


Beniamin O., 344. 
George F.. 344. 
Nancy E.. 344. 
Susan. 344. 

Bishop, 20. 

Alice, 14fi. 
Jlarv. 146. 
Rebecca. 140. 
Samuel, 146. 




Rowland. 131. 
.Smnuel. -Jll. 
'riiomas, l.'il. 


Charles, -I'M. 


Klizabeth, 1(1-,'. 
Mai-v. liy. 


.Ti)lm. 10(i. lor. Ids 

Koi)t>i-r, loti, lu;. 


AliraliaiM, It;:!. 
Jeremiah. -310. 'i-l-i, -IZV 
John. Esq.. -^'lii. 
Richard. IS!). 
Esther. 103. 

Hannah. 1^4. 

Stephen. '.^30. 


Col.. e-'S. 


Hirhard. 'JO 


John. ^'s:i. 


Abiiiail, 77. 161. 
James. (J(S. li'.i. 
Timothy. (i4, tl'.t, •J71. -I'i-i. 


Ben.j..Esq.. -J-^'O. 


Thomas, s"). 


Col.. -JfW. 

Moses. Capt.. -^lll. 2:!-.'. 


Xewell. 31li. 


Tliomas. ISO. 


Jolm. -.^43. 
Miss. -'-13. 


Richard. -Jlil. 


Thomas, (apt.. IC!*, 170, 171. 


Alice. 24S. 
Elizabeth. --M."), 548. 
Dr. S. A.. 54S. 
Lydia. 24s. 


Col.. 33i;. 
Mary, 248. 


Caleb. Maior. 114. 117. I'.i2, 217. 

229. 231. 23(;. 
Mary, 1.51. 

Jolm. Es(i., 109. 171. 219. 
Thomas, Sen.. ISO. 


Snsaiina. 2S.-). 309. .323, :WC. 

Harriet. 1.5.5. 

Sanuicl. 8.5, SO. 

Sannicl. 39. 09. 

John. Rev. 79. 


Sarah. 345. 


Cliarlotte. 204. 
Hen,«hel. 204. 

Luke. 351. 


Jacob. S3. S4. S5. SO. KS. 90. 92, 
Richard. Capt.. 218. 


Daniel, :\lr. 219. 
Jolm. Capt., 219. 
Paul, 09. 

Edward. Sir, 9. 
Edward, 9, 32. 33. 211. 
Ezekial. 117. 
John 33. 
Juili;e. 339. 
Marianna. 9. 
Rev. Dr.. 2n 


Ben.i. 180. 
Cohinel, 300. 
Sarah, 321. 
Thomas, capt.. 211. 


Hainiali. 0(i. 
Manasock. 58. 
Sally. 324. 

Jonn 253. 

MA mix. 

Sarali. 321. 


Samuel, S5. S5. 
William. 230. 

Andrew, Capt. 219. 
Aliiuail. 209. 
Johatlian. 208. 200. 
Mari;arct. 201. 2(18. 209. 
Sarah. 311. 
Susanna. 110, 1.37. 
Thomas. 1S9. 2(i9. 
Mercy, lio. 


Cotton. 181. 
Mr.. 179. 


Sauuiel, Capt.. 22, 
Tristeen Matbew, 131. 



Thomas. 70. 

Rebecca. 2112. 


Henrv. 1.53. 154. 
Henry. Jr.. 1,53. 1.54. 


Edward. 250. 


William, Rev. 94. 

31 (KEY. 

Elizabeth. 141. 

Thomas 85. 

Henrv. ('apt.. 29-3. 
Judith. 300. 
John. 273. 
Joseph, 312. 
:\Ioses. 303. 
Martha, 302. 
Stephen. 293, 
Stephen, Capt. 284, 300. 
Winthrop, 218. 

Silas. Dr. 219. 

M 1(1 HILL. 
Nathaniel. Mr.. 219. 
31 ILLS. 

James. Capt.. 230. 
Sarah, 304. 

(ieorue Lt.. 127. 

Maria. 248. 

James, 230. 


Ada, 330. 
Edward. 2:i4. 
Hannah, 279. 
Jolm. 272. 
Jona. Capt.. 293. 
Jona. Col., 295. 29S. 
Elizabeth. 41. 1.30. 


Timotliy. 231. 


Lord, 100. 

Ann, 349. 


Richard, 95. 


Caleb, 2(!2. 
Mr.. 179. 184. 
Samuel. 305. 


Aaron. 318. 
Daniel. 282. 
Eliza, 320. 
Ezekial, 274. 



Henrv, dipt.. -iSsi. ;100. 
Israel. 373. 
Isaac. 373. 

John. (apt.. 374. 33-J. 
.lona. 330. 
.IiKlitli. 3S1, 303. 
Mary. 305. 
Martha. 375. 277. 
Sarah, 334 


Ilonrv, Lt.. 137. 
Uobert. 3:^7. 

Ahlfii. 323. 
Martlia, 14!t. 

Edward. 3f«. 

John. Sir, I'.i. 


Beuj., Capt.. 84, S9, S»0. 
Capt. 86. S8, 93. 
Joan, 199. 

Col.. -iSii. 


Elizabeth. l.")5. 


Jasper. 285. 


Isaac, 230. 


James. 321. 


Ebenezer. 231. 
Robert. 230. 
Jedekiah -im. 

Mr., m. 


Adam. 104. 


Jeremiah. .57. 58, 60. 9s, 219. 
Francis. 59. 
John, 161. 

Georfje, Cajit.. 74. 137. 

Anna, 32. 
John. Es(|.. 32. 

Jonas. 85. 
Jno., as. 


Joseph, 117, 
.Moses, Capt.. 293. 


Richard. 343. 


IIUKh. 77. 
Priscilla. 77. 


Ni<h<ihis. 3;i0. 
Daiiii-I. 317, 218. 


Edward, 50, 3S<;. 2^7. 
Riulianl. 7'.i. 


David, 100. ls7. 
David. Capt.. 394. 


Rebecca. 184. 
George, 94. 


John, 161. 


James, 100, 235. 


Williaiu, 106, 306. 337. 


Arthur. 84. 


Azor. Esq.. 319. 
Josliiia. 319. 
Tiniothv. 100. 101, 103. 
Sarah, 162. 


Georjre, 235. 
H3nrv. Capt.. 235. 
Joseph, 116. 
Sylvester, 117, 236. 
:\Iary. 197. 


Hannah. 307. 313. 
Nathaniel. 6S. 
Sarah. 313. 318. 
Samuel Mr . 319. 

William, 3S1. 353. 


Betsey, 115. 
Francis, 115. 


Jno., 333. 


Abigail. 383. :M6. 
Cornelius. 75. 
Joseph. 304. 
Mathew, 49. 
Xeemihiah, 305. 
Samuel. Capt.. 238, 299. 
Winslow, 316. 


Henry, 86. 
Lilian. 145. 
Murial. 145. 
Thomas. 145. 
Willie, 49. 


Kichanl. 8:i. k4, S5. 86, 8S, 90, 96. 
Sally, 146. 


Peter. 79. 


Isiah. 150. 
James, 90. 
Samuel, 8.5. 86. 
Harriet, 150. 


Mr.. 178. 


Benj.. CaiJt.. 3113. 295. 
Jane. 36. 
Jonas. 230. 
Mathew, 36. 
Thomas, 36. 
Mary. 184. 


Col. Solomen, 219. 
Isaac, Capt., 393. 343. 
PAT( H. 

Hannah. 171. 
James. 171. 
John. 318. 
Mary, 171. 


Leslie. 152. 
William A., 152, 133. 
William E., 123, 153. 


Charles, Col., 137. 


George, 346. 
John, 183. 
Miss, 175. 


John, 74. 
Richard, 74. 


Thomas, 170. 


Asa. Capt.. 319. 
Thomas. 219. 


Abigaial. 301, 307, 209. 
George. 301. 207. 210. 
Jonathan. 301. 307, 308, 309. 
Jonathan Jr., 105, 201, 207, 208, 

209. 310, •irl'^, 386. 
Margaret. 209. 
Robert, 30K. 
Sarah. 103, 10,5. 114. 301, 307. 

Willard. 309. 
Wiliiain, 191. 


Thomas Sr.. ls-,>. 

William, 350. 

W., 335. 

Samuel. 217. 
Hannah 317. 


Benjamin. 8(i. 88. 
Joseph Jr.. 60. 
Joshua. 3."j0. 
William, 311. 

George, Rev.. 47. 




Abraliain. L'fifi. 

Benjamin. Jr.. 101. i:M. 

Isaac. ISO. -zm. 

Jolm, -J,"):! iC..5, -zm. 

John, Jr., ■H'j'-i. 

Jacob. -.iOo. :^>(i(;. 

Judith, 2U5. 

Luke. 266. 

Jlarv. 2.-)3. 2,59. 2()2, 2(55. 302. 

Nathaniel, 180, 266. 

Samuel. 266. 

Thdinas, 182, 26.5. 

William, Rev.. .328. 


Edmund, t'ol.. 294. 


John. 57. 60, 109, 222. 
Lieut.. .58. 

Thomas, Col.. 208, 230. 
Timothy, 214, 216. 228. 
Timothy. Jr.. Capt.. 218, 226. 

P1EK(E. PElKtE. 

Ada, 144. 
Ben.iamin. 230. 
Joseph, t'apt., 298. 
Solomon, 231. 
William, Capt.. 253. 
George, Rev., 82, 83. 


Abigail. 78. 161, 162. 
Ben.iamin. 59. 60. 77. 98. 99. 101, 

103, 159, 160. 161, 162. 236. 
Benjamin. Jr.. liil. 161, 1G2. 190, 

Caleb, 161. 

Catherine Saunders. 162. 
Clark, 162. 
Dudlev Leavett, 162. 
Elizabeth, 161. 
Hannah. 55, 56. 60, 63. 134. 1.35. 

159. IfiO. 338. 
Jolm, 56. 161 . 
Joseph, 161. 
Joshua, 161. 
Judith. li;2. 
Love. 162. 
Martha. 161. 
JIary. 16u, 162. 
Nathaniel. 55. .56. 57, ,58. 60, 66, 

69, 134. 159. 160. 161. 
Nathaniel. Jr.. 159, 16ii, 161. 
Nichola.*. 161. 
Parina, Kil. 
Rachel, 161. 
Samuel, 16'.- 
Sarah, 77, 161.' 
Susanna, 161. 
Tabetha, .55, 56. 1.34, 161. 
Thomas. 162. 
Willam, 161, 162. 


Anne, 311, 316. 
Caleb. Capt., 311, 320. 
Dorothv, 133. 
Elizabeth, 133. 
Hannah, 320. 
Isaac, 320, 
sreal, 320. 

James. 134. 

John. 38, H3, 134, 267, 282, 301, 

Joseph, 73. 
Lvdia. 320. 
Mark. 320. 
Mary, 132. 133. 
Moses. 133. 134, 320. 
Richard, Mrs.. 161. 
Robert. Major, 37, 38. 42, 51, 

132, 133, 260, 262, 267, 278, 

292, 301, 328, 337. 
Rutli. 320. 
Sarah, 132. 134. 262. 301. 


Caleb. 218. 
Daniel, Capt.. 299. 

Fitch, 117. 
Ward. 117. 


Benjamin. 77. 
Eleaser, 117. 
Joshua. 117. 

Martha. 246. 


Abbie. 345. 

Azaei. 23(1. 

Benjamin F.. 345. 

Benjamin. 342. 

Colonel. 333. 345. 

Charles W.. 345. 

Elizabeth. 245. 

George, 345. 

Grace, 333. 

Isaac, 345. 

James. 235. 

Joanna, 345. 

Mary A., 345. 

Mather. 211. 

Nathaniel. 45. 

Tvler. Dr.. 218. 

William. 191. 

Wiuthrop True. 333. 342. 345. 


Mary, 184. 


John, 98. 


Thomas, Governor. 188. 


William, 231. 


Daniel, 122. 


Icabod. Col.. 101, 187. 


John, 85. 


Betsey. 115. 
Francis. 115. 


Carolyn. 145. 
Robert, 144, 145. 
Walter, 145. 


Harriet, 142. 

Asa, Capt., 229. 

Col., 293. 


Abraham. Lieut., 50. 

Beni.. Jr., 214, 216. 
S.. 314. 
William, 1(19. 


Aaron, 197. 

Abel. 197. 

Abigail. 185, 186. 195. 

Anna. 190. 

Augustus. 197. 

Beniamin. 174, 185, 192. 19.5. 196. 

Billy. 19rt. 

Caroline. 197. 

Daniel. 196. 

Elizabeth. 119. 172. 173. 178. 179, 

180. 181. 185. 186. 187. 194.195. 

197. 217.238. 
Ebenezer. 185, 187, 192. 193. 234. 
Edward. 197. 
Gefiru'e, Hon.. 131. 177. 
Hannah. 174. 186, lv)6. 
HeiU'V. 197. • • 

Isreal. 197. 
James. 177. 
Jonathan, 185, 
John, Jr.. 177, 178. 179. 180. 181, 

184. 185. 192. 193. 194, 195. 
John. 169. 171. 172. 173. 177. 178, 

'92. 193. 195. 196. 197. 
Johnson. 19(), 234. 
Joseph. 180. 185. 195, 19G. 
Lucinda, 196 
Lvdia. 196. 197. 
Martha. 172. 177, 185, 195. 
Mary. 172. 174. 177. 185, 193, 194. 

i95. 196. 197. 
Nathan. 185. 192. 
Priscilla. 196. 
Prudence. 196. 
Robert, 117, 174. 
Sarah. 196. 212, 214. 
Samuel. 185. 195. 
Stephen. 194. 
Sylvester. 196. 
Tlujrndike, 172. 173. 183, 18,5,196, 

214. 216. 234. 
Thorndike. Jr., 124, 173. 185. 186. 

187, 189, 190, 191, 192, 195, 234. 
Thorndike (3'. 186. 193.195. 
William, 179, 185, 186, 193, 195. 


Amos, 236. 
Samuel, 236. 


Francis. Sir. 331. 


Ann. 179. 

Edmund. Capt., 229. 
Elizalieth. 175. 
Henry, 230. 
John. Capt.. 56, 229. 
Marv. 196. 




Xathan. 231. 

Perk-y. -,'30. 

Tlionias. 178. 

Jei-t'iniali. Capt., '.iOG, 2i)S. 


Caroline, l.">t). 
Edwani. l.Mi. 
Josi'pli, Vii, l.'iC. 
Williaui. 1511. 

Aaron, 28V. 

Earl, 17, 

Abraham, 103. 28(5. 


Frank, 158. 154. 
Mercy, 1.53. 151. 


Abed (Nejrro), 230. 

R.\WL1XS. • 

Love. 161. 


Loisa, 319. 325. 
John, 2;W. 

Ruth, 19c. 

William, 60. :J36. 

Isaac. Mr.. 21'.t. 

Edward. 5o. 


Elizabetli. 230. 
Georjre, 231. 

Richard 14. 


Moses. 2:W. 
Elizabeth, Mrs., 3.50. 


Rifhard, 38. 


John, 231. 

Rev.. 20. 
Jolin, 183. 


Mr., 24, 32. 
John, Capt., 298. 


Mr., 93. 


Abigail. 98. 

David. 99. 

J..iiatlian, 220, 285, 286. 

Joliii. 14ii. 

Natlianiel. 78, 102, 111. 212. 

.Sarali, 99. 


Ann, 40. 
Benjamin. 18.3. 
llaiinali. Id. 
lleiirv, 40. 
lle.ster. 4.5.46. 
Franeis, Sir, 12, 45. 
John. 40. 
Mary, 12. 45. 
Edward, 85. 


Edward. Capt., 290. 
Jason, 2:J0. 
Peter, Mr., 219. 
Seth. 231. 
Daniel A.. (Jov., 133. 


Benja., 86. 

Edmund, Sir, 24. 

Eunice, 246. 

Robert, 167. 

Aslave, 56, 61. 


Minnie, 345. 
Sarali, 323. 


George. 250. 
John. .Mr.. 219. 279. 
Marv. 70. 130. 
Marian. 247, 2.50. 
Peter, 330. 
William True. 279. 
William, T. S., 279. 

Arnold, Sir, 349. 

Samuel, 182. 

Hannah, 135. 


Abbv. 143. 144. 

Abigail. 03, 04, 121, 135. 

Ada. 145. 

Adelaide. 143. 

Alice, - Ales, 12, 34. 40, 41, 130, 

Anna. 53, 149. 
Ambrose. 1.54. 
Amanda, 143. 
Arline. Elizabeth. 1,50. 
Arthur. 12. 30, 37, 40. 1.53. 
Au;;usta Hrooks, 1.52. 
Beniainin, 01, 03, 04. 05, 135. 
Bert. 145. 
Bii-liop. 30. 

Bridsret. OS. 09, 70, 1.30. 
Catherine. 12. 143, 144. 162. 
Cari'ie Atrnes. 150. 
Caroline, 122, 145, 1.55, 1.50. 
Charlotte A., 143, 145. 
Charles, 9, 40. .53, 81, 120. 127, 

128, 144, 147, 1.50. 

Charles A., 151. 
Cliiirics W.. 142. 1.50. 
Charles Horatio, 141. 
Christopher, 37, 38,39,40. 
Clara. 143. 

Daniel, Cajit.. 30. 39. 40, 97, 103, 
104, 105. lOS, 109. 110. 111.112, 
114, 129, 137. 201. 209, 210. 
Daniel. Jr.. 112, 137, 138, 139, 

141, 202. 
David, 9.21. 40, 130, i:«, i:i5, 158. 
Desire. 110. 137. 
Dorothy. 41. 130. 132. 
Eben s".. 121, 122, 143, 145, 149, 

Eben. 1,50. 

Eben Shillaber. 1.52, 155. 
Edward. 9, 30. 40, .53, 122, 123, 

124. 130. 145, 1.51. 
Edward, Jr.. 123, 152. 
Edwin. Sir. 12. 16. 22, 24, 25, 20, 

33. 35, 36. 49. 53. 
Elizabeth. 34, 36, 37, 40, 41, 42, 
61. 03. 64, 00, 102, 104, 130, 
132. 135. 137, 
Elizabeth. S.. 121, 122. 140, 150. 
Ellen, 14. 34.41.130. 133. 
Ellinor. 41, 130, 133. 
Eliza, 126, 128. 13:), 148, 163, 322, 

Edna. 150. 
Ella KeV)ecca, 1.52. 
Eva, 149. 

Florence, 145, 1,55. 
Frank, 143. 149, 150. 
Fanny. 144. 
Frederick. 143. 
Francis. 122. 
Gaige, 156. 

Geors-e 13.22, 20, 37,39,40.81,151. 
(ieorgia, 144. 

Henrv, 12. 13. 17, 21, 3:}, 37, 40, 
49, .50, .53. 55. 74. 81, 104, 110, 
123, 137. 145, 149. 
Henry Francis (2). 1.50, 151. 
Henrv Francis. Capt.. 126. 127. 

147, 148, 149. 
Henrv. Capt., 112, 114. 115. 110. 
118, 119. 12.1. 121,123, 129, 137, 
173, 1K6, 195, 202, 230, 2.38. 
Hannah B.. 153. 154. 
Hannah, 55, .50. 00, 61, 63, 64, 05, 

69. 71, 133, 136,100. 
Henry Ilobart, 143. 
Henrv Tucker. 141. 
Ilarrv. 145. 
Helen 149. 
Isabel 13. 14, 34. 
Jacob, 130. 

James, 62. 63, 71, 72, 70. 77. 
James, Jr., 75. • 
James. 103, 136, 143. 144, 145. 
Jane, 30, 40, 350. 
John, Capt., 9, 14, 10. 17, 20, 27, 
2S, 29, 32, 34, 35. 37, 38, 39, 
40, 41, 42. 45. 40. 48. 49. 50, 
51, 53. 54. 56. 74, 129, 130, 
131, 132. i:W. 134, 141. 

John (2>. 34, 35, 30, 40, 41, 42. 43, 
44, 4.5,51,52.54.99, 129,130,i:il. 

John (3), Capt., 44. 54, 55, ,50. 57, 
.58. 59, 00. 01, 02. 0.5. 00, 09, 
71. 97,9J.129,134,135,1.59,ltK). 




John K\\ C'apt., tiS. 0:5. 04. 71.72. 

73. 74. 75, 70, 77. 78, 97, 99, 

129. 18.-). 212. 333. 
John (5». 73. 74, 70. 70, 77. 78. 

102. 13(;. 233. 
John. 104, 110. 111. 
John. 13(i. 137. 
John (.harles. 140. 
Jonathan Peele. Capt., 112. 113. 

137, 141. 202. 200. 
Joseph Ilenrv. 142. 
Josepli, 130. 132, 105. ' 

Julia B.. 152. 
Kate. 144. 145. 

Lawrence. 17. IS. 19. 20.21,22. 
Lottie Belle. 144. 
Luev. 140. 
Lvdia, 138. 
M'abel. 145. 

Maraaret. 22, 23, 40, 1.53. 
Martha, 1 12. 
Martlia T., 151. 
Martin, 38, 40. 
Marv Adams. 141. 142. 
Marv Elizabetli. 142. 
Marv E.. 155. 
Marv. 70. 97. 98, 100. 101, 102, 

i03. 104, 135. 139, 154. 
Mercv, 153. 154. 
Moses, 34. 130, 132. 
Nathaniel. 02.63. 64, 73. 77. 135. 
Nellie Ellen, 123. 
Nona. 145. 
Oliver, 141. 
Oliver, Jr., 142. 
Philip, 76. 77, 78. 83, 84. 85, 86, 

87, 89. 90. 91, 94, 95, 90.97,98, 

99.100.101. 102, 104. 110. 123, 

129, 130, 164.201, 209, 212. 

Pliilip, Jr., 85. 100, 104, 136, 137. 

Philip Henrv. 38. 119. 121, 123, 
124. 125. 126, 128, 129. 147. 
163, 173, 185, 195, 288, 290, 
322. 341. 
Preserved, 138. 
Kai-hel. 38, 76. 136. 
Raliih, 30. 
Keturn. 71. 74, 78. 
Richard. Sir.. 9. 15. 
Richard. 9. 35. 130. 131. 133. 
Robert, Sir.' 9. 

Robert, 9, 39. 40. 49.74,70.77,130. 
Roberts., 121,122.149, 150, 154. 
Roswell. 155. 

Sallv.ll6.117.11.s,119,121. 151,240. 
Samuel. 10. 12, 21. 22, 20. 37, 40, 

.53, 74.81, 102, 104, 137. 
Samuel L.. 150. 

Sarah, 34. 37.40.41. 42. 51. 76. 104. 
Ill, 112. 114.122. 130, 132, 133. 
136. 137. 139, 151, 153,1.56. 209. 
Sarah Alice. 142. 
Sarah Francis. 1.55. ISI . 
Sarah Sprauue. 126. 128. 129, 

14S. 173. .93, 290, 332. 532. 
Sarah Willard, 152. 
Stella. 144. 
Susanna, 1<.)4, 137. 
Susan Adams, 141. 
Sybill, 12, 37, 81. 
Tliomas, 13, 14, 17.34.53. 64, 76. 

78, 104, 136, 137. 139. 141. 
Thomas W.. 142. 

Thorndike P., 
Thorndilie. Jr. 
Tobias. 39. 40. 
Vira. 145. 
Warren Morse 
^Yilliam. 9. 14 

121, 123, 143. 
, 122. 143. 


33. 37.39.40,41, 
49. 53, 61. 02. (53.64. 65. 06. 07 
09. 70. 130. 133. 135. 13ii, 333. 

William. 49. 133. 211. 

William S.. 121. 122, 1.55. 

William H. , 155. 

William. Dr., 1.55. 

William. 135. 145, 140. 154. 155. 

William Edward. 149. 

Winthrop, 126. 148, 322. 352. 


Curtis. 110. 

Elizabeth. 100. 


Caroline. 162. 
Marv. 102. 
Zacariah. 162. 

Col.. 345. 


John, 272. 


Henrv. 200. 
Jane. 200. 
Mary 200 
Samuel. 253. 


Eliza, 317, 325. 
Elizalieth. 319. 325. 


Ji>hn. Capt., 73. 
Nicliolas. «^'apt. .50. 


Damarius. 71. 77. 
Hannah. 77. 
Mary. 71. 77. 
Patience. 77. 
Philip. Dr., 76. 
Priscilla. 77. 

Return, Ii3. 71, 70, 77, 130. 
Samuel 71. 76. 77. 


Frederick. 15. 
John. 15. 
Robert 14. 15. 
Thomas, 15. 


Israel, 281. 3ii3. 


Blanch. 211. 212. 
Ben.iamin. 1S6. 212. 217. 
Ebeh. 239. 240. 242. 
Ebenezer. 116, 117, 118, 186,217, 

238, 239. 
Elizabeth, 117, 186, 216,217,238. 
John. 78,83,85.88, 
Jonathan. 212. 
Joseph. 212, 235. 
Hannah. 216. 
Lvdia, 216, 217. 

Robert, Capt., 114. 116, 117, 119, 
121, 173. 180. 190, 191. 192, 
193. 194. 195. 216. 217, 229, 
233. 235. 236. 237. 

Samuel. Capt.. 216. 217. 

Sarah. 121. 210, 217. 

Sallv, 114. 116. 121, 123, 173, 186, 
195, 238. 241. 

Walter. 211. 

William. Capt.. 85. 88, 90, 92, 
193, 211, 212, 214. 210. 217, 
228. 231. 233, 236, 286. 


Joseph de, 142. 


Hannah, 172. 
Samuel. Rev., 172, 175. 
Shelton 193. 
Mary, 175. 


James, 250. 
Carrie. 2.50. 


Abisail. 63. 70. 332. 339, 348. 

Addle Baker, 346. 

Ann - Anna. 3:i8. 345, 346, 3.50. 

Abraham. 338. 

Beniamin E , 344. 

Benjamin. 75. 331 332, 343, 344. 

Allan, 129, 151, 195. 290. 

Brld},'et, 63. 70, 331, 332. 

Charles. Esq., 252. 

Daniel, 333. 

David. 129, 151, 173, 195. 290. 

322. 341. 352. 
David A.. 346. 

Doll v. :«0. 

Eleanor W.. 344. 

Elean. 342. 

Eleaser. 342. 

Elizabetli, 342. 

Enoch, 33s. 348. 

Emily F.. 344. 

Eunice, 342. 

Ezekial. :«3. 

Elizabetli J., 346. 

Ebenezer. 232. 

Esther. 129, 151. 173. 195. 290. 
341, 3.52. 

Grace. 130. 

Henrv. Sir. Rev.. 70, 331, 333. 

Giles." ;^42. 

Hannali. 339, 348. 

Hosea Hildretli. 339,346. 

Hufih, Sir. 331. 332. 333. 

Hezediah 232. 

Isaac. 232. 338. 342, :M3. 344, 348. 

James, 337. 

Joanna, 337, 342, 345. 

John. 63, 70. 77, 151, 232, 331, 
332. 342, 346. 

Hoke. Hon.. 309, 339. 

Jonathan. 232. 346. 

Jonathan, Col.. 287, 339, 340, 343. 

Joseph, 232, 252. 

Jacob, 338. 

Helen. 70, 129. 151, 173. 195, 290. 

331. 341.352. 
Lydia. 343. 

Mar\, 70. 277. 331. 333. 336. 337. 
340, :W3. 344. 



Marie. IS*. 131. 173. I'.C). •~''.I0, 

:»1. Xfl. 
Mullv. :«!t. :«?<. 
jraiiMi-et. 70. :«1. 
Maltha E.. 344, 34(i. 
Nahhv. :i43. 
Phehi'. .S4(). 
I'liinias. -^32. 
ParsKiis. i'!-.;. 
Keuheii. 33!t. :i4S. 
Kanforti. •J3-J. 
Khoda. :«3. :M!i. :i45. .■148. 
Robert. -►74. 337. 33S. 347. 
Richani. 3>*. 2:«. :W7. *S8, 317. 
Susan v.. -344. 
Susanna. 343. 
Sarah. 28S. 318, *«, :«:i. 3:«, 

:M9. 340. :«3. :«8. 
Samuel. -J^W. *«. *35, 342. 
Samuel, t'apt.. 219. 223, 232. 
Samuel. Col. and Hon.. 218. 221;. 

227, 231, 232. 282, 28:}. 309, 

318. 3:«. 3:i8, 339. :i40. 341. 

343. 347. 
Thomas. 332, *33. 336. ;J37. 
Thomas. Capt., 276, 277, *37. 
Timotliv. 346. 
William True. 34.5. 
William, 211. 274. :«7. 338. Wi. 
William. Col.. 28:j, 309, :539. 340, 

345. 348. 
Winthrop. 129. 151. 19,5, 290. .343 
William Charles. 252. 


Daniel. Capt.. 2'.i.">. 


Frances. 166. 
Francis. 16% 

801'TinVM K. 

Georfie, %V). 
Hannah. 77. 
John, 113. 213. 
Joseph, 55. 
Samuel. 63. 

Mr.. 46 
H. G.. 16«5. 

John. 77. 


Nathaniel, 243. 


Stephen, 39. 


Daniel, 219. 


Thomas, 56. 


Joseph. 117. 
Wait. 117. 

.Mr., -im. 

Capt.. 29. 


Elizabeth, 261. 
Jolm. 262. 
.Marv. ^'61. 


Joseph, 85. 


Ann. 279. 

Beii.iamin, 276. 280, 302, 354. 

Catherine. 354. 

Eleanor. 275, 276. 280, 302, ;i54. 

Eliza. 3.54. 

Hannah. 2s0. 354. 

John. 273. 276, 354. 

Mr.. 332. 

Marv. 354. 

Martha. 32;i. 

Nathaniel. 3.54. 

Joanna. 316. 317. 

Ruth, 283. 

Jane, 246. 
Mathew. 239. 

Mr., 117. 


William, 180. 


John, 262. 

Aley. 85. 

Benja.. 92. 


Samuel, 85. 87. S8. 


John, 268. 


Harry. 250. 
Lucy, 250. 

Nanrv. 2.50. 
William. 246. 
William. Jr., 2.50. 


Chester, 319. 

General. 2()s. 

Ben.i., Capt., 219. 


Robert S.. 247. 
Thomas, 183. 
Samuel. Capt., 247. 
Zacariah, 183. 


Gilbert, 192. 


Fannv. 314, 320. 
Rev., 20. 


Sarah, 275. 277, 3(J2, 303. 


Joseph, 313. 


Selina, 146, 147. 

TEWXBt in. 

David, Dea., 283. 3U'.i. 
Hanni;h. 7i. 
Henry, 117. 


Daniel, 23ii. 
Moses, 311. 
Samuel. Bris,'.. 299. 
William. ,so. 


Annie. 153. 
Arthin-. 153. 
Mar;raret. 1.53, 
Wallis, 1.53. 


.lohn. 349. 
Thomasina. 349. 
William. 349. 


Charles. .322. 
Martha. 322. 
William. 322. 


Nathaniel. 109. 


Miss, 175. 


Alice. 167. 168. 171. 
Anna. 168. 169. 171. 
Elizabeth. 171. 172. 173. 177, 178, 

Francis. 166. 
Georsre I'uincy. 166. 
George. 166. 

Herbert. 166. 167, 168, 173. 
Isreal. Capt., 174. 
James. 166. 
Janet. 165. 166. 
John. 166, 167. 168. 169, 170, 171, 

172, 173, 174. 178. 
Martha. 167. 168, 171. 
Marv, 168, 170, 171. 
Nicholas. 166. 173. 174. 
Osmond. Capt.. 174. 
Paul, 166. 1(18, 169. 170. 171. 
Richard. 16ti. 
Sarah. 171. 
William. Icc. 173. 


Daniel. Capt.. 219. 
John, 231. 


Jona, Col., 292. 
Richard. Capt. 297. 


Joseph. 117. 


Dr., 162. 
Marv. 162. 
Sarah, 302. 
Smith, 58. 

Mary, 319, 324. 


Daniel. 230. 


John, 82. 83, 87. 
Susanna, 82, 83. 





Elizabeth, 13. 


Benj., C'apt.. 77. 
Kdward, ^13. 
Ileiirv. 116, '^3li. 
Janies, 191. 
John, 212, 213, 214. 
William, C'apt., 7H, 212, 214. 

Major, 127. 


Aaron. 300. 

Abel, 313, 314. 

Abifi-ail F., 277, 304, 312,322. 

Abiier, 30."). 

Abraham, Dea., 279, 300, .308, 

Albert, 269, 280, 301, 317. 
Albert Prince, 301, 317, 323. 
Alfred. 326. 
Alice, 324. 
Alston. 326. 
Alva. 312. 
Amelia, 319. 
Amos, 311, 324. 
Andrew, 327. 
Ann, 327. 
Anna, 283, 309, 311, 323, 326, 

Anne, 316. 
Antonio, 267. 
Arthur. .327, 330. 
Benjamin, 269, 281, 301, 302, | 

304, 306, 308, 313, 316, 317 

Betsey, 288, 306, 312. 313, 314. 
Bradbury, 204, 307. 
Carl, 330. 

Caroline, 317, 319, .326. 
Catherine, 328. 
Celia, 32.5. 

Charles, 320. .322, 325, 320. 
Charlotte, 316. 
Clara, .330. 
Clarissa, 327. 
Costello. .326. 
Currier, 289, 309, 321, 322. 
Cyrus, 285, 319, 323, 329. 
Daniel, 295, 305, .307, 308, '^14. 
David, 312, 313, 318, 319, 324. 
Deborah, 325. 
Dorothy, 282. 283, 284, 309, 310, 

318, 323, 328, 329. 340. 
Dudley. 293, .306, 312, 318, 324. 
Eben. 329. 

Ebenezer. 283, 309, 313, 319, .323. 
Edward, 324. 
Elbridge, 289, ,321, 322. 
Eleanor, 279, 281, .303, 306, 307, 

312. 318. 
Elijah. .307. 
Eliza. 319, 325, 

Elizabeth, 303, 805, ,307,316, 320. 
Ellen, 320, .324, 326. 
Elmira, 323. 
Emily, 321. 
Emma, 326. 
Ephiiam, 305. 
Esther, 311.. 321. 
Eunice, 316. 
Bzekial, 279, 293. 295, 305, 314, 

316, 324. 

Ezra, .308. 

Florence, .324. 

Frederick, Prof., 280. 

Genevieve. 325. 

George, 317, 319, 320, 325, 326. 

George H., 327, 328. 

Hallett, 317. 

Hannah, 288,305, 300, .308, 311, 

313, 314, 316, 320. • 
Harriet, 323. 
Helen, 324, 330. 
Henry, .38. 128, 259. 2(51. 262,266, 

268, 269, 271, 272, 273, 274, 

275, 279, 301, 340. 
Henry, 2d, Capt.. 209, 275, 285, 

302, 337. 
Henry Galen, .330 
Henry, 276, 277, 281, 302, 303, 

.304, .306, 310, 311, 320, 324, 

326, 327. 
Ira, 317, 319, 326. 
Iretta, 325. 

Isreal, 269, 283, 30], 304, 309, 326. 
Jabez, Dea., 267, 275, 277, 279, 

294, 295, 297, 301, 302, .303, 

.304. 305, 310, 311, 312, 316, 

Jacob, 283. 293, 294, 305, 307, 

309, 312, 314, 316, 326. 
.Tames, 320. 
Jane, 275, 279, 280, 281, 302, 303, 

304. 312. 

Jemima, 269, 275, 301, 302, 303, 

Jenette, 330. 
John W., 322. 
John, 269, 274, 277, 279, 296, 297, 

298, 301, 302, 304, 305, 312, 

316, 319, 320, 323, 324. 
John, Dea., 275, 305, 312. 
John, Dr., 312, 314, 316. 
John, Uev., 314, 320. 
John A., 327. 
Jonathan, 279, 295, 296, 297, 298, 

.307, 314. 
Joseph, 269, 273, 279, 301, 304, 

306, .308, 311, 316, 325, 337. 
Joshua, 304. 

Judith, 281, 303, 307, 312, 318. 
Laura, 319. 321. 
Leonard, 330. 
Levi. 313. 319. 
Lois, 316. 
Loise, 321. 
Lucy, 314. 

Lvdia, 269, 301, 311, 314, 321. 
Lyman, 319. 
Marion Galen, 330. 
IMartha. 304, 316, 322. 
Mary B., 310. 
Mary, 269. 275, 281, .301, 302, 303, 

305, 306, 314, 316, 317, 318, 
321, 324, 325, 326. 

Mary H., 279. 

Alehitiible. 279, 319. 

Miriam, 305, 306. 

Molly, 312. 

Moses, Capt., 280, 283, 284, 285, 

293. 309, 310, 31S, 3.39, 340. 
Moses (2), 284, 287, 305, 311, 314, 

319, ,323. 
Moses, 32G. 
Nabby, 314. 
Nancy, .38, 126, 128, 129, 148, 

388,289,316, 318, 322, 341, 352. 

Nannie, 312. 314. 

Nathaniel, 279, 299, 316. 

Newcoml), 306. 

Obad, 299. 

Obadiah, 299. 

Oliver. 280. 311, 31.3. 317, 31! 

Paul, 30,5, 311, 314, .321. 

Polly, 314 

Porter, 321. 

Prince A.. 269. 280. 301. 

Pattie, 314. 

Kaehel, 28S. 

Reuben. 280. .307, 313. 

Ehoda. 306. 

Ruth, 304, .305, 306, 307, 316, 

Ralph, 324. 

Robert. 330. 

Sally, 313, 316, 325. 

Sanniel. 2S1, 300. 303, 304, 

306, 311, 312, 314, 316. 

318, 324, 320. 327. 
Sarah, 283, 285, 288, 303, 305, 

308. 309, 310, 311, 316, 

321, 323, 329. 
Susan, 329. 
Susanna, 305. 
Thomas, 300. 305, 307, 312 
William, Capt., 273. 274, 

27(i, 280, 302, 303, 307'. 
William, 279, 2»0, 281, 285, 
302, 305, 307, 309, 312, 

322, 323, 326, 328, 329, 

William C, 279, 292, 327. 
Winthrop, Capt., 281, 282, 

293, 303, 309. 840. 
Winthrop (2), 280, 283, 288, 

310. 317, 318, 339, 340. 
Winthrop (3), Dea., 126, 128. 

284, 285, 288, 310, 340. 
Winthrop (4), 288, .308, 323. 
Zebulon, 300. 


Capt. Samuel, 233. 
Edward. 117, 21(;. 
Elizabeth, 305, 313. 
John, Capt., 190, 191. 
Jonathan, 191. 
Marv, 186. 
Sarah, 116, 217. 


Benj., Col., 300. 


Robert, 131. 
William, Col., 298. 

Nathan, Col., 296, 298. 

Eleaser, 73. 

Charles, 80. 

Martin, 85. 


Ernest, 144. 


William, 286. 


Col., 299. 



31 S, 





VAUY. VKin. 

Jai-ul). rapt., ■,'3."). 
Sanuu-1. v'i"). 
Tluinulikf. --'l."). 

Mr.. 84. 

Peter, S8. 


Harriet. .-nO. 


llilliara. CO, IGl), 170, 171. 
Mr.. 167. 


Brothers, 49. 
Martraret. 1.'). 
Thomas. 180. 
John, Hon.. 131. 

Emily, --m. 

John, 25. 

Peter. &5, 


Bill, Pavma.ster, 298. 

Joseph, Col., 295, 296, 297, 298. 


John. 73. 


Nathaniel, 116. 


Dennis, 231. 


Edward, Capt.. 267, :i-W. 


Richard, Major, 163. 


Natlianiel. Col., 297. 


Anna, 37. 

Christopher, 36, 37. 
Elizabeth. 36. 
(ieor;re, 37 
Henry, 36, 37, :3H, 42. 
John. Sir., 36. 
Marv, 37. 
KoKer, .37. 
Simon, 37. 
John, 88. 


Helen, 247. 

Mary, 104. Ks. 


Marv. 2.-)0. 
William. 2.">0. 


(ieneral, 105, 125. 2ft4. 


Ebenezer. 16i. 
John. sir. 12,331. 
Samuel. 2i)s. 285, 286. 
William. 171. 


Samuel. \i^\. 

Lydia, 196. 


-Xhitrail, 321. 
Hannah, 312. 
Nathaniel. 116. 


Edward, 39. 
Samuel, 211. 
William. 287. 

Daniel, 85. 
Jonathan, .30. 

Capt., 34:^. 

Jonathan. Mr., 219. 


Sally, 197. 


Ann M.. 250. 


Gov., 287. 
John, Capt , 296. 
William, 37, 72, 78. 

Joseph, 73. 


William, 286. 


Azor, 317. 

Hugh, Capt., 35, 36. 42. 

Thomas, Capt., 24. 25. 27. 29. 31. 


Caudace, 156. 
Elizabeth, 164. 
John A.. 156. 
James, 180. 
Olive, 1.56. 
Samuel. Esq., 219. 
Philip, Capt.. 111. 234. 

Arch Bishop. 258. 
Elizabeth. 258. 
Jane, 258. 
Robert. 2.58. 
William. 2.58. 

Samuel, Mr.. 219. 


Elizabeth, 63. 64. 
Green, 74. 
John G.. 72. 
Ruth, 304. 
Thomas. 46. 72, 75. 


Ben.i., 89. 


Ann, 53. 
Daniel, Capt.. 299. 
John. Kev., 48, 54, 262. 
Rebecca, 262. 


Kiv. \h\. r.t.i. 


Alice, 14. 


Georwe. Rev., 129, 290. 
Sarah. 184. 


Charlotte. 344. 


Abajrail. 186, 2:J8. 
Jonathan, Capt. 230. 
Nathan. 316. 
Robert 192. 


Lydia, 345. 


John. .55. 85. 
Josiah. 68. 
:Mascott. 4.3. 88, 109. 
Robert, 85. 
Rojjrer, 265. 


Ezekial. 117. 


Tqomas, 231. 
Ja.son, 230. 


Ephriam. 273. 
Samuel, 46. 


Mr., 31. 32. 


Aaron, Col. 296. 

Catherine. 199, 200. 

Klizal>eth, 1<I9. 

Edward, 199. 

Georsre, 199. 

Jacob, 207. 

John. 180, 184, 199. 

Jacob. 201. 

Joseph. 85,86, 90. 

Josiah, 201. 

Marv. 199. 

Mar:,-erv, 199, 200. 

Martha. 201, 203, 2(>1. 

Mr., 179. 

Richard, 199, 200. 

Simon. Gen., 199, 200, 202, 203, 

204 205. 
Simon "(2). Dea.. .56,57, 200. 201, 

Simon (3K 201. 
Sarah, 207. 
Tliom;is. 199. 
William. 199. 


Ann, 47, ;M6. 

(iovernor, 36, 47, 140, 172, 177, 

288. 331, 332. 
John, 336. 
John, Jr., 160. 266, 277, 828, 336, 

Marv, 47. 336. 
Margaret. 277, 337. 
Waitstill, 330. 




Mr., 93. 


Jno., 180. 183. 


Daniel, Esci.. ','llt. 

Lionell. 347. 
Sarah. 347. 
Susanna Wliipple, 347. 

Joseph, 39, 219. 


William. \W\. 134. 


Charles, r.iii. 


Andrew, C'apt.. 89. 90, 319. 
Carrie E.. 34.5. 
Henry S.. 345. 
Humphrey. 79. 
John. 79. ■ 
William. 167. 


Edward. 70. 


Governor, 73. 
Francis Sir, 33, 4ii. 
James, Sir 33. 
Margaret, 23. 


Jabez, 230. 
Nathaniel, 330. 

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