v9 •!^L% *>
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Direction of a
SOUVENIR Booklet and
Program published to
commemorate the open-
ing of the Frankford
ALVIN A. SWENSON
Largest Ford Dealer in Northeast
TH» UNIVERSAL CAH
LINCOLN MOTOR CARS
4120-50 Kensington Ave.
TWO BIG ACHIEVEMENTS
Opening Frankford L and Swenson's
New Service Station
I am now prepared to serve the tremendous army of
Ford Users. Everything must be as represented or no
on all cars.
Cash or very con-
OUR INTEREST IN YOUR CAR DOES NOT CKA»B
BUY YOUR FORD FROM SWENSON
Direction of a Qreater Philadelphia
Published to commemorate the celebration of the opening
FRANKFORD ELEVATED RAILROAD
November 4th to 11th, 1922
GUERNSEY A. HALLOWELL and THOMAS CREIGHTON
Thomas Creighton, Guernsey A. Hallowell,
Henry S. Borneman, Judson Yerkes,
David Tuteur, R. C. Buzby
Committee ox Celebration
1327 Foulkj.ui St.
HARRY .M. HILLEGASS
1206 Foulkrod St.
Alvin A. Swenson, Ch'rnian
John E. Gossling
B. E. Effing
I'" rank B. Baldwin
< 'has. J. McGough
J. Harry Schumacker
Allen M. Stearne, Esq.
James F. Curia n
J. A. Edgar
Norman S. Castor
Edward J. Gall en
Hon. James A. Dunn
Edward M I. Ward
William G. Streit
George A. Williams
PRESS AND BOOSTING
E. C. Patterson, Chairman
George W. Henrj
12«i4 Wakeling St.
BENJ. S. THORP
5012 Penn St.
Dr. J. .Mendenhall, Ch'r
Prof. T. Worcester W >rrell
Guernsey A. Hallowell
John T. Shaw
G. Alvin Snook
( :. Fiank Lever
Harry M. Hillegass
William B. Gilmour
Henry S. Borneman, Esq.
James A. Adams
Edna R. Worrell
William R. Horn
John A. Quinn
Thos. W. Schumacher
J. Harry Schumacker.
John T. Shaw
\Y. S. Diamond, Jr.
J. Ellwood McKinley
W. Howard Holden
Thos. Creighton, Chairman
Judson J. Yerkes
< ruernsey A. Hallowell
Henry s. Borneman, Esq.
R. L. Buzby
( has. A. I )isne.\
C. Grant Lucas
I. Ellwood McKinley
Hon. James A. I )unn
J. A. Allwein
B. E. Filing
C. Grant Lucas
Jos. B. Seaman,
Judson J. Yerkes, Ch'rman
John A. Quinn, Chairman
Thomas G. Williams
J. Ellwood McKinley
Clifford K. Fowler
John J. J. Clabby
Francis P. M'Oitz
I leorge W. Henry
• reo. Tauraccio
I )a\ id Tuteur
Frank B. Baldwin
H. F. Holme
Chas. W. Bea\ er
Judson J. Yerkes
Chairman. I. Walter Fastburn Dl I >hn \'
Harrj M. Hillegass Ellwood S.
George Gray, Chairman
('has. I. McGough
I). R. Greenwood
W. Howard Holden
Jaiiu . S. McMaster, Jr.
Thomas N. Murray
George Roj le
John M. Williams
Eugene A. Burgin
Fred P. Burkhart
F. S. Putney
Robert L. Sheppard
John N. Williams
Jos. I'. Candy. Chairman
Robert H. Ashmead
I leorge E. Earnshaw
Alberl J. Welsh
Wm. J. Randall
R. John Boyd
Fdw. D. Boehmer
.1. J. Steele
Chas. H. Harvey
John J. J. Olabbv
John A. Quinn
James L. Adams
Dr. Thomas C. Ross
C. ( rant Lucas
Evan C. Patterson
\)v. lobn Y. Allen
John M. I. Ward
Bernard I lavis, Chairman
Judson J. Yerkes
Thomas G. Williams
c. Warren Allen
William B. Gilmour
William E. Allen
Chas. II. Button
John I. J. Clabbj
T. s. Hodgins
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
An Old Problem Recurring in Progressive Phases Since the
Days of Perm
FRANKF< >RD had a vision of elevated rapid transit to and from
the centre of the city almost thirty years ago, when a short section
of elevated structure was erected on Front St. north of Arch. It
remained there for a few months and then was taken down and
removed to Pencoyd, where it is now doing duty as a trackway for a
traveling crane. Still Frankford cherished hope, and if it be true that
a patient waiter is no loser, the accumulated credits for hopeful wait-
ing during three decades, compounding interest, ought to bring a hand-
some reward in the form of up-to-the-minute transportation service
when the trains finally run over the red skeleton on which the North-
east now pins its hope.
Transit problems are indigenous to the northeast. It was in that
direction following the settlement of the old city that the Provincial
Council ordered the first King's Highway built about Philadelphia.
The first "kick" about delayed transit to the northeast appears to have
come from William Penn himself, when in 1/(K), he wrote a sharp note
to the members of the Council asking when they were going to build
the bridge over the Pennypack and the Poquessing, so that he could
come to town in comfort from his up-river home.
As early as 1725 an enterprising Philadelphian apparently found
it profitable to run "four-wheeled chairs" from the old Three Tuns
on Chestnut Street above Second to Frankford. Four ticket- for a
quarter now seem but a song compared with his transportation rate
to Frankford of ten shillings for each passenger. For nearly a century
and a quarter after that date the means of traveling to and from
Frankford were limited to the slow -going coach, while the rates oi
fare continued high and operated as a continuing check against the
growth of that part of Philadelphia County.
The infrequency of the service was the chief cause of dissatis-
faction, as most of the lines discontinued service shortly after sundown
and an indication of the limited extent of transit accommodations may
be noted in an advertiseme.it in the middle of the past century
announcing that a special night bus would leave the centre of the
city, "on Saturday nights only." at twelve o'clock.
Although one of the earliest settled regions outside of the city-
proper, as late as 1840 the population of Frankford did not number
twenty-eight hundred. At that tune three regular bus lines were in
operation, one from Frankford, one from Holmesburg and another
from Bustleton, twenty-five tents being charged for a ride from
Frankford to Market Street, and fifty cents from either of the other
two points. Now and then, however, a resident of Frankford desiring
a quick journey townward could pick up a vacant scat on one of "the
Hying machines," the speed; and light four-horsed carriages that
traveled between Philadelphia and New York, or secure a seal on one
of the mail coaches as it passed through the borough.
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
The "L" Program
Some Features of the Big Celebration
FRIDAY NIGHT, NOVEMBER 3rd— In the Hail of the
Frankford Library, Lecture by Mr. George II. Pattison on the Pasl
Historj of Frankford.
SATURDAY, AT NOON, NOVEMBER 4th— Bells will
ring and whistles blow to usher in the beginning- of the Celebration.
SATURDAY AFTERNOON, NOVEMBER 4th, at 2.30
O'Clock — Historic Pageant on the Avenue showing the develop-
ment of Frankford Avenue within the Past Half Century.
SATURDAY NIGHT, NOVEMBER 4th — Community
Dance on < Kerington and other streets of the town, under the super-
vision of Miss Walt/., superintendent of dancing.
SUNDAY MORNING, \'< >VEMBER 5th- -Preaching in the
churches on the Religious Development of Frankford.
SUNDAY AFTERN< »< >N AT 3.30— Gathering of the Sunday
Schools on the High School Plaza and singing of hymns and patri-
MONDAY NIGHT, NOVEMBER 6TH Street Dancing and
display of industries in the store windows, and music by the hand-
on the Avenue.
TUESDAY, \T 7.30, NOVEMBER 7th (hand Baby Pa-
rade on the Avenue.
WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, NOVEMBER 8th Parade
of school children.
WEDNESDAY NIGHT, \'< >VEMBER 8th Open.
THURSDAY NIGHT, NOVEMBER 9th Industrial parade,
by Manufacturers and Merchants.
FRIDAY NIGHT, NOVEMBER 10 Big Fraternal Parade.
SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER Urn Burning of
the Mortgage at the Legion House on Paul Street, and Parade ol
the Service Bi 13 S.
SATURDAY AFTERNOON, NOVEMBER Htm Dedica
tion d!" World War Service Boys.' Memorial on Community Field.
-RANKFORD DIRECTION 01- A GREATER PHILADEL1
Smedley Bros. Co.
LUMBER AND MILLWORK
Complete Saw and Planing Mill Facilities,
Stairwork, Bulks and All Kinds
of Special Millwork
UPSON WALL BOARD
UPSON FIBRE TILE
PROCESSED A wood fibre board which looks and
P\ Jj[\ t\ \j works like wood. The nearest perfect
.THE UPSON COMPANY^
lining for walls and ceilings.
ASBESTOS AND ASPHALT SHINGLES
BISHOPRIC STUCCO BOARD
For all kinds of Stucco Work
RED CEDAR POSTS
Frankford - - - Bridesburg
8 FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
The Oldest Bank in the Northeast
SECOND NATIONAL BANK
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS - - $1,000,000.00 H
DEPOSITS $8,000,000.00 5
RESOURCES - - $9,500,000.00 B
Over a Half Century the history
of this Bank has been a record
of efficient service to the com-
munity. Our success has been
largely due to the generous sup-
port of our patrons.
WE SOLICIT YOUR ACCOUNT
FRANKFORD- DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
G. FRANK LEVER
REAL ESTATE INSURANCE
4304-4306 FRANKFORD AVENUE
PHOENIX OF LONDON FIRE - ESTABLISHED 1782
PHOENIX INDEMNITY CO., NEW YORK
If You Want
Fresh Drugs, Pure Chemicals, Toilet
Articles, Sick Room Requisites, Bath
Room Supplies, or Choice Cigars,
Go to JOHN T. SHAW
MAIN AND FOULKROD STREETS
Prescriptions accurately and promptly compounded at all hours
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
LAFR'NCE OUR MILLS
demonstrating the latest achievements in
Jacquard Weaving will he open to visitors
1 " " ■■ " ■ " ' ciurin» L Celebration, and to all interested
from educational point of view and at certain hours after
La France Textile Co.
Frankford Ave., Unity and Paul Sts.
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPH1
KEYSTONE PHONE. EAST 8493
BELL PHONE, FRANKFORD 0125
3Frankftirft Ctal anft ICtm? (Eo,
JOHN J. SINN
Sttilfora' fHatrrtals, Anthraritr mb
443II Jfeun §>tort
Consistent Since 1898
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
-\ I0L55 5M5jnr tttt to j / to l .
? l i : ;, i -i: ^ ^n im : a i ImI i^ !■"•: :■"•: :-: '- : 'i "■: :-: v-i v>: :"•: i^i y-
Of the Better Kind
Courtesy and Service Reign Supreme
Charge Accounts Solicited
HUB FURNITURE CO.
Three Stores in Philadelphia
4734 FRANKFORD AVE., FRANKFORD
22 and 24 W. CHELTEN AVE., GERMANTOWN
2205 SOUTH STREET
M. Huh & Sons, Prop's
t ft: ft: ft: fti W ft: ft: s&sisffiz ssaeaJB SS fti:fti ft: ft: ft: ft:fti ftrftift:ftTft:^ft^ft:ft:ft: 3
PRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 13
Established - 1909
CHARLES A. DISNEY & SON
Artistic Marble and Qranite
5119 - 25 FRANKFORD AVENUE
1-i I-RAXKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
THE BUSINESS MEN'S
A live, progressive band of citizens
who work for the ^ood oi a com-
Meets third Tuesday ol each month
at eight o'clock p. m.
FRANKFORD LIBRARY HALL
FRANKFORD AVE. at OVERINGTON ST.
Organized April 28th, 1806.
ANYTHINQ AND EVERyTHINQ
TO BOOM FRANKFORD
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF V GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Established - 1913
CHAS. H. J31TTOX
Frankford Avenue and Sellers Street
16 FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Notary Public Insurance
Established January, 1903
E. M. JEANNISSON
Realty in All Its Branches
4628 FRANKFORD AVENUE
Bell Phone, Frankford 0513
IS FRANKFORD -DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
The 92 Homes on the
are the first in the series for the
development of Northeast
Frankford Real Estate Co.
4413-15 Frankford Avenue
MORTGAGES BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATION
REAL ESTATE IN ALL BRANCHES
s?s^^ c ^^5^s^sz5^sz5^5zsz5zs3^^s^^sz5Z5^sz5^5^szs^5zs^szs^5^5^s^s^5^sz5z. ,
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OP A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
, — i
20 FRANKFORT — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Recent delays, discussions and disagreements over the rapid tran-
sit proposals for the relief of that section had a counterpart shortly
after that time in the quibbling and squabbling thai attended the first
efforts to introduce "modern'' tramway traffic to that section in the
years preceding the Civil War. Frankford Avenue, known as "Mam
Street" within the confines of 'hat borough, then was under the con-
trol of the Frankford and Bristol Turnpike Company, and the bridge-
way across Frankford Creek was like a bottle-neck through which all
traffic to that section had to pass unless the rider or driver made a
detour of about a mile and a half to avoid toll charges. When the first
transit proposal was advanced for rail service tin- promoters lo
not only to connecting the city-proper with its northeastern borough
hut projected a line running from Fifth and Cherry Streets to the
Delaware Gap, the incorporating Act. adopted by the Legislature of
1854, authorizing the laying of a railway from the Cherry Street term-
inal to Frankford, to Hatboro, Riegelsville and Easton. I'm before
the Philadelphia and Delaware River Railroad Company began opera
tion its charter rights were confined to the cit) and its corporate privi-
leges acquired by the Frankford and Southwark Citizens' Passenger
The latter company built and operated the first horse car line
m the city, hut before it was started a vigorous remonstrance was filed
against it and Richard Garsed, Coffin Colket, Jacob Peters and other
principal stockholders in these early roads had to conduct an energetic
canvass of residents along the right of way and iss U e a number of
appeals for public support. One of the arguments advanced againsl
the construction of the road was that it was being projected entirely in
the interest of the manufacturers of Frankford and Southwark, who
desired to connect those districts and the mills ol Kensington and
Moyamensing by rail, so that an eas) and direct line of freight trans-
port could he developed through the centre of the city. Any such in-
tention was disclaimed promptly by the owners, whose pica- for public
support read like phrases from recent transit arguments. The I'hila
delphians and Frankfordites of that day were informed that the road
was projected in the interests of workmen, artisans and craftsmen,
that such a line meant "cheap rents, speedy transit and pure air." and
that no less than "three-quarters of a million people" were concerned
in the projected service.
When the road was started, early in 1858, it was equipped with
horse cars, hut the haul from Morris Street on the ?outh, to ( 'rthodox
Street on the north by thai means proving too Ion- and time consum-
ing, the method of operation was changed at the upper end of the
road. In 1863 Frankford thus came into possession of the first "all-
rail high-speed intra-urban" line in the city, independenl of the steam
roads, when the upper part of the Frankford line, north of Cumber-
land Street, was equipped and operated with "ilinuniv engines."
Kates of fare, however, were high over these old roads, and when, in
1880, the fare from Frankford to Philadelphia was reduced from
twelve to ten cents it was heralded as a notable victory in obtaining
cheap transportation for the extreme northeast.
n'nued on Pa
FRANKEORD DIRECTION OS A. GREATER PHILADELPHIA 21
READ THIS NOW!
and decide to read
THE FRANKFORD DISPATCH
ALL THE LOCAL NEWS
THE LARGEST CIRCULATION
THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM
22 FRANKFORD- DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Kinkerter & Sheppard Co.
CHINA AND GLASSWARE
SEEDS EVERGREENS BULBS
Red Star Oil fi)CjE wialSfu^i Miller ( )i]
Cooking Stove LJylJBifA^S^M' 1 ) Heating Stove
RADIANTFIRE GAS HEATER
To resl or -hop or buy our Store is at your service
Celebration Week &rsd every other week on the
Bright Corner Frankford, Pa.
FRAN KEORD— DIRECTION <U ; A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 23
THE OLD FRANKFORD HIGH SCHOOL
Slate, Tin and Tile Roofers
4815 FRANKFORD AVENUE
Happy is the Man With a Qood Roof Over His Head
ing I 'romtly Attended to
Bell I 'hour
24 FRAN KFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
that has fulfilled every promise made
to the people of Frankford,
THE FRANKFORD THEATRE
You always get more real, clean amuse-
ment here than elsewhere in Philadel-
phia for less admission price.
A Three-in-One Show changed Monday
and Thursday. Get the Frankford
Vaudeville and Picture Habit
PRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 25
Office and Plant
Foulkrod and Duffield Streets
MILK and CREAM
Special Milk for Infants and Invalids
Drink BALDWIN'S CREAM
For Better Health
Your Inspection Invited
26 FRANKFORD — DIRECTION <>!•' A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
We wish to thank the
people of Greater Phila-
delphia for the patronage
given our Frankford
You know what Old Town
Bread is. Our other products
are just as good.
Cinnamon Buns Coffee Cakes
Pies and Pastry
And the Best Reading Pretzels
TRAINER BAKING CO.
4668 Frankford Avenue
5514-16 Germantown Ave. 3525 Haverford Ave.
7157 Germantown Ave. 100 Market St.
8425 Germantown Ave.
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF V GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Thos. E. Boysen
4312 FRANKFORD AVE.
Lucas' Tinted Gloss readj mixed
paint, stains, varnishes, enamels and
brushes. Oils, glass, window shades
and wall paper for sale.
Pratt & Lamberts' 61 Floor Varnish,
38 preservative varnish and Vitralite
the long life enamel.
The present business was stalled
by George H. Boysen, Sr., in 1889, a1
i^Ts Frankford Ave., in 1891 the busi-
ness was moved to the present ad-
dress 4312 Frankford Aveune, being
successfully conducted by George H.
Boysen, Sr., until his death which
occurred in January, 1909. Thomas
E. Boysen, son of George H. Boysen,
Sr., succeeded his father in business
and is still carrying on the business of
:!;! years standing.
Bell Phone, Frankford 2110
4813 Frankford Ave.
"Say it with Flowers"
No more beautiful or
expressive testimonial of
fond recollection than
W. G. COUNSIL
flowers- both for the dead
4809 FRANKFORD AVE.
and the living.
Formerly 4353 and 4526
HilPs Flower Shop
Repair all Makes
4465 FRANKFORD AVE.
Vacuum Sweepers and
Bell Phone, Fkd. 770
Phone Frankford 047 1
2£ FRANK-FORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Bread is the Staff of Life - Therefore
Eat Qood Bread
This business was founded in
1845 by Ernest Shopher. In 1851
it was sold to two young men, Mr.
Thorn and HofT. Business was
afterwards bought by Wm. Vedity
and at his retiring to Henry-
Becker, passing at his death to the
4310 Frankford Ave.,
We Invite Your Patronage
I-K.W KEORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
REAL ESTATE SPECIALISTS
Real Estate in tdl its branches
REAR OF FRANKFORD LIBRARY
Smallest Margin of Profit Ever Attempted in the Shoe World
FOR MEN V DOYS
4611 FRANKFORD AVENUE
NEW FALLSIllirrSAXI) \KCKWKA
GLOVES, SWEATERS, KMT JACKETS
THOS. J. MURRAY
SHOPS FOR MEN A XI) WOMEN
4:n:M5 b^rankford avenue
Let Munsin&wear Union Sun You
, : ,() FRANKFORT)—- DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
The Elevated will cut down the time to and from the city, but ^
[J you will save time and money by trading here. Thirty years con- 3
\j\ tinuous service proves it. G
VICTROLAS KODAKS a
| GENERAL SPORTING GOODS
4359 Frankford Avenue
Opposite Second National Bank
Both Phones Open Mon., Friday and Sat. Evenings tg
GEORGE M. HOLCOMB
Real Estate and Insurance
OXFORD AVE. below FOULKROD ST.
Bell Phone. Frankford 2378
I'R'ANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 31
Guernsey A. Hallowell
Conveyancer and Real Estate Broker
4510-14 Frankford Avenue, Philadelphia
Our Business is Sixty-five Years Young !
( >ur unique record stands as a bright lighl in Frankford's history.
Starting in 1857 .it Unity St., the business prospered through the
successive ownership of Mr. Gilliams and Mr. G. S. R. Wright.
A firm foundation was built through application of our slogan
"Quality plus real friendly service."
In 1913 the store was purchased by Charles J. Seltzer, who has
carried forward all policies and traditions that have done so much
toward making the store popular. < >ver 500,000 prescriptions have
been filled since 1857 in the Unity Street store.
In 1920 the store at 4662 Frankford Avenue was established.
Through the two stores we are supplying popular demand for over
9,000 distinct items of evevy-day use.
THE SELTZER DRUG STORES
4662 FRANKFORD AVENUE
4 doors above Empire Theatre)
4401 FRANKFORD AVENUE
(at Unity Streeti
PHONE, FRANKFORD L406 REXALL STORES
IRAN Ki-okD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
NEW HIGH SCHOOL BUILDING
Courtesy o/ Mi
This service, along with the semi-suburban train service fostered
l/\ the Reading and the Pennsylvania railroads in tapping thai section
hi the city, developed Frankford until its growth reached a point
where electric transportation succeeded in uniting it to the city, at
points, in an unbroken row oi buildings. At the time of the conver-
sion of the horse car and dummy lines into electric roads the Frank-
ford "I," project came to the front, along with proposals for similar
high speed lines on other main thorough fares of the city. But outside
of the minor start made at Front and Arch Streets nothing happened
until Dr. S. S. Neff, about twelve years ago, proposed a new elevated
road branching off from Broad and Lehigh Avenue. Then the Xcl'f
proposals, along with the renewed interest in high speed transit caused
by the building of the Market Street Elevated and Subway, started a
new era of development in die northeastern transit field. The year
I'd 5 witnessed the actual beginning of the present line, when it was
believed three years would suffice to put it into operation. Planned
then to om six millions oi dollars, running as tar as Rhawn Street,
in 1 iolmeshnrg, it has now taken six years in carry to its presenl
state, while the rising cost of railroad construction has raised its
financial requirements to fourteen million- to furnish ;i road as far
as Bridge Street Evening Bulletin, June 21, 1921.
FRANKFORD- DIRECTIOJ' "l A t.kl-ATKK PHILADELPHIA
"3W a £faut Sfomkfnri)
aufi a Okratpr Nnrtbpaat"
"THE FRANKFORD GAZETTE"
Oldest Suburban Weekly in Northeast Philadelphia
An ideal community newspaper welcomed in the homes be-
cause it appeals to every member of the family.
An interesting weekly feature is the word picture of our < )ld
Nome Town as it was hack in the Eighties. Contained in the New-
Events gleaned from back issues of "The Gazette.
Mailed anywhere in the United States, postage
free, for one dollar a year.
For 38 years the present editor has been for the progressive
uplift of Frankford, and tor 33 years we have advocated an Ele-
vated Railroad thai would give better transit, and comfort to the
people of this section.
Therefore "The Gazette", along with thousands
of others, takes special pride in this Great Event
we now celebrate, because it means so much in
the way of Real Rapid Transit and Greater Pro-
gress and Prosperity for Frankford and the Greater
Always keep your light shininga little ahead of the next
FRANKFORT - ) DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
I cannot imagine a live and
energetic painter of to-day who has
not been stimulated and encouraged
by the campaign:
"Save the Surf ace and you Stive All"
A painter should feel proud oi
his business and of the fact that he
has helped the house owner to
protect and beautify his property.
A house that is well painted
and painted with good taste is a
lasting advertisement of a good
citizen and a ^ood painter.
4817 FRANKFORD AVE. 1327 FOULKROD ST.
PRANKEORD DIRECTlOf OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 35
The History of the Dummy Car
l'.\ Tii' i mas Creighton
Read before the Historical Society of Frankford, January 28, 1 ' ' l-< •
The question of rapid Transit between Frankford and Philadel
phia has always been an important one. The stage roach ol 1830 was
entirely too slow, and so in February, 1832, the Philadelphia and Tren
ton Railroad was incorporated as a steam road, and for a shorl time
cars thai were pulled by horses conveyed the good people ol Frankford
to the city. Vgain in May, 1857, the Philadelphia and Delaware River
Railroad was chartered, giving them a right to build the road from
Philadelphia to Frankford, upon which cars drawn by horses could be
used. These were all in the line of quick transit, and no doubt was a
greal improvement over the stage coaches which were drawn by horses
over hilly constructed roads that were almost impassable in bad
But at last relief was al iiai d. The clouds were rolling away and
a rax of sunshine seemed to gild all Frankford, for real rapid transit
was coming at last. The horse cars that had been in use from Janu-
ary 8, 1858, to November 17, 1863, were laid away, and the horses,
like those used in the stages, had to find other employment, for the
dummies were coming to the relief of the inhabitants oi Frankford.
True, there was ;i line of cars drawn by horses on Paul Street,
l»ui nearly everybody patronized the dummies in order to make
It was a gala day in Frankford when the first dumni) arrived. It
was called the Alpha. The engine and boiler were situated in the trout
part of the car, and as the boiler was an upright one there was a nar-
row seat for the engineer between them. Hack of him. looking into the
car. was a tiny square window that answered tor ventilation in sum
mer and was a means of communication with the conductor. I know
that this scat hack of the window was a favorite one of mine, lor from
there I could catch a glimpse (over the shoulder of the engineer) ol
the road over which we were to traverse.
It is said of this car that on one of her trips she collided with a
shifting engine of the Reading Railroad, called "The Bee." The
dummy car was not damaged, hut the engineer in his excitement re-
versed his engine and hacked at full sped to the depot at Fourth and
Berks Streets, where the car fell into the salt pit and was badly dam
aged. There is no mention of what befell die passengers.
At first there were only two cars. 1 have mentioned the Alpha.
The other car was called the Sea (hill, and there was an oval picture
painted on the outside of the car. In it there was a view oi the sea
with a great wave, and skimming over that was a picture ol a sea gull
1 suppose an emblem of how this dummy would skim over the tracks
from Frankford to Philadelphia. 1 well remember tin- car. for as all
of the school children had a holiday to celebrate its arrival we were
all taken in it for a ride, and when we reached Frankford Creek al the
border of the town, were politel) told thai thai was the end ol the
:.,-,/ on f>.l» w
36 1K.WKI tON OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
WM. F. LA REAU, Mgr. Bell Phone, Frankford 3241
Frankford Paint, Varnish
and Glass Company
A COMPLETE LINE OF WALL PAPER
4430 FRANKFORD AVENUE
Frankford, Philadelphia, Pa.
S I G NS
YES, SIGNS For Many Years
The Business of CORSON, the House and Sign
Painter, was established and carried on by Wm. A.
Corson; afterwards taking into partnership his son,
Joseph W. In 1882 Joseph W. took entire control
of the business. In 1901 his brother, Wm T.
Corson, succeeded him and is now located at
4339 Frankford Avenue
FRAN KFC-KD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Why is it McCall c?in sell
sweaters, mufflers, shirts in
fact, all kinds of MEN'S FUR-
NISHINGS cheaper than the
4817 FRANKFORD AVE.
jBell Phone, Fkd. 443
Established May II. 19121
Our Business Making Clothing
W. E. ALLEN r2
4616 Frankford Ave.
Dyeing, Scouring, Pressing and
Established 10 12
ELMER H. SWALLOW
Richard G. Hadly ck Son
Plumbing — Heating
Watchmakers and Jewelers
4831 Darrah St.
Bell Phone 0758-J
Fine Watch and Jewelry Repairing
Masonic Marks a Specialty
Hme waits for no man. therefore
Always at Your Se
48 1 2 Frankford Avenue
3b FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
JOHN A. QUINN
Plumbing and Heating
4324 Paul Street
FRANKFORD DIRECTION "I A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 39
THE HISTORY OF THE DUMMY CAR - Continued
trip and we could walk home again. As the business of the road
increased other cars were added until there were six, and they were
known bj their numbers. The Alpha and Sea Gull were Nos. land 1.
The numbers were increased as additional ears were placed on the
For thirty years, from 1863 to 1893, these cars conveyed the
people ot Frankford from their homes to the city, and I suppose even
one ot middle age has a vivid recollection of them. I well remember
that not many years ago, while in New York, I met a gentleman who
inquired where 1 lived. I told him in Frankford, and then he laughed
and said: "1 well remember your dummies. I rode out there once
from the city. There were two long seats, one on each side, and as wc
traveled Kensington Avenue with a great noise and jolting, I was
amused to watch the people trying to keep their seats and their balance.
1 want to say that I have traveled all around the world, hut never
experienced anything like your dummies."
!n 1893, when the trolley was first introduced, there were eight
dummies. In order to accommodate more people the old horse cars
were used in the rear of the dummies as trailers, and the roof was
utilized also. A spiral stairway made of light iron was hooked on the
rear end of the car as a means of access. This ladder was patented
by Thomas Carter, of Frankford. The model is now in the possession
of this Society. For the comfort ol those riding on the top of the
trailer an awning was placed over the seats. These seats were always
occupied in fair weather, as they afforded the passenger a splendid
view of the country on the way to the city. When the cars reached
the covered bridge at Frankford Creek there was a rush and a roar, a
rattling of planks, and there was very little room between the awning
frame and the roof of the bridge. These trailers were not heated in
winter, hut to keep the feet warm the bottoms of the cars were tilled
with salt hay. It is needless to say that this soon became a disagreeable
mass after a rain or snow storm.
The dummies had a seating capacity ot thirty-two people, the
trailers thirty-two also, while the top would accommodate twenty. It
is needless to say that the art of crowding a car was done as success-
fully then as now. and Mr. Thomas Kim told me that on one .Me-
morial Day he carried 2384 passengers.
The question has keen asked, why were these cars called dummies:
and it might he answered as follows: These cars have been called
dummies from the desire of the inventor to make them look like a
horse car. and yet to he propelled hy -team power. A car that would
run without noise or smoke.
Some of the dummies w :re considered taster than others. It is
said that No. 9 was capable of making the quickest run to the city.
( )n one of these occasions the conductor of \o. 9, Joseph Ritman, was
desirous of taking the Reading train for New York that left at 12
o'clock, midnight, to see Bud Howe compete in a walking match in
New York City. Mr. Frank Golden, who was engineer of the car.
left Frankford ai 11.30 and arrived at the depot, Kensington Avenue
and Cumberland Street, in eleven minutes. Continued on page 4i
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
KtBOlvtb tltat UNITY BUILDING & LOAN
ASSOCIATION of Frankford, run by the people of
Frankford, shall stand for the Progress of Frankford.
Subscriptions for Single and Double Shares received
by Officers. No entrance fee charged.
RONALD B. DUNCAN
Supt. U. G. I. Co., 1226 Wakeling St,
MISS ELIZABETH M. H. KEYES
Office Manager, Foerderer Company,
CLIFFORD P. ALLEN, 3rd
Allen .v Barnes, Real Estate, 2515
Germantown Ave.. Phila.
JollN H. GOSSLINC
Atty.-at-Law, Stephen Girard Bldg..
and 4320 Frankford Ave.. Phila.
Cashier, Second National Rank of
Phila., at Frankford, 927 Herbert
Real Estate, 4320 Frankford Ave.,
EUGENE M. JEANNISSON
Real Estate, 4628 Frankford Ave.,
RALPH R. STEARLEY
Real Estate, 1618 Frankford Ave..
Real Estate, 6039 Torresdale Ave.
FREDERICK J. WILKES
President Frankford Machine Co.. Inc.
1099 Frankford Ave., Frankford
ALFRED P. GRAY, M. D.
4923 Penn St., Frankford
WILLIAM F. SPILKA
Construction Engineer, Sears-Roebuck
Co., Roosevelt Blvd., Frankford
MISS ADELAIDE W. PETERS
Chief Clerk, Bond Dept., Second
National Bank, 1628 Howarlli St., Fkd.
La Prance Textile Company, 1419-27
Frankford Ave., Frankford
UEORGE ALLAN WILLIAMS
Williams Brothers, Printers, Engravers
Kinsey and Josephine Sts.
Presidenl Alva Mills Co., Kinsey and
Hedge Sts., Frankford
i EORGE GRAY
1330 Factors St., Frankford
EDWARD T. BENDER
Builder, 601 I Torresdale Ave.
GEORGE S. WARDLE
Contractor, 1689 Harrison St..
C.HORCK R. OSliORNE
Builder. 5014 Saul St., Frankford
joseph p. McCartney
Amusement Enterprises, 1600 Pilling
I »»s hi -H B. SEAMAN
Districi Manager, Phila. Electric Co.,
Frankford Ave. and Orthodox St.,
Interior Decorating, 3200 Comlj St.,
GEORGE W. MacINTYRK
.Manager !•' rank ford Branch Metropol-
itan Lite Insurance Co., Postoffice
THOMAS C. WILLIAMS
w> in, The U. <;. i. Co., I iit-lm
Frankford Ave.. Frankford
FRANKFORD DIRECTION Hi- A GREATEB PHILADELPHIA II
History of the Hardware Firm of
N. M. Holden & Brother
The original business was established by Samuel
Huckel in the year of 1850, situated on the west side of
Frankford Road, which is now 432') Frankford Avenue.
Samuel Huckel sold this hardware business out to
John Holden, the present owner's father, in the year of
1858. The stock at that time was comprised of about
$500.00 worth of merchandise.
In the year 1861 John Holden purchased the property
now 4325-27 Frankford Avenue from Edward C. Knight,
and in the year 1862 moved into the building now occupied
by the firm of X. M. Holden & Brother.
The original floor space was at that time 24 feet \
30 feet, but since that date there has been several additions
to the building and at the present time the business occu-
pies three floors 35 feet x 120 feet each.
This is the oldest hardware store in Frankford. En-
gaged in business since the year of 1850.
Building Hardware, Cutlery, Tools, Etc.
4325-27 Frankford Avenue
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADEI,
James F. Curran
To our many
Friends and Patrons:
We take this opportunity of
thanking you for our success.
Our efforts without your
assistance would all have gone for
With our thirty-one years in
the Grocery Business and ten years
as a prelude, we hold the palm for
the longest and most successful
career in the Grocery Business in
We not only say to our
friends and patrons, "We thank
you", hut "God Bless ^ on".
1500-02 Church Street
1628 Bridge Street
Frankford L Celebration
FRIDAY, NOV. 3rd, 2.30 P. M.
Announcement by Mr. Henry S. Borneman through radio of Girnbel
Bros, to all the Country of the Opening of the Frankford L.
FRIDAY EVENING, NOV. 3rd
Lecture in the Free Library by Mr. George H. Pattison on Old
SATURDAY, NOV. 4th
Noon— Blowing of whistles, ringing of bells. At 2.15 starting of
Parade on the Avenue from Worrell Street to Bridge, returning by
the way of Penn St. to Orthodox, showing by groups of figures the
development of a great highway.
Mayor Moore and Directors will formally open tfie ceremonies and
view parade from stand in front of residence of Dr. John V. Allen.
• At 3.30— Bridge St. and Bustleton Ave. The ceremony of the trans-
fer of the Elevated Road from the City, represented bv Mayoi
Moore to the Traction Co., represented by Mr. Thomas P. Mitten,
will take place. The Formal Opening of the road will be made by
Mayor Moore, who by pressing a button will turn on the power to
start the running of all trains.
Evening — Dancing in costume on Harrison St.. side of High School
No masks allowed.
SUNDAY, NOV. 5th
Preaching in the Churches on the Religious Growth of Frankford.
Afternoon, 3.30— Singing on the Campus of High School.
MONDAY, NOV. 6th
Bands on the streets. Display in windows.
TUESDAY, NOV. 7th
Evening at 7 — Baby Parade on the Avenue. Over 300 entries
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 8th
Afternoon at 2 o'clock— Parade of School Children on the Avenue
Dancing and drills at Brown's Field.
THURSDAY, NOV. 9th
Industrial Parade by Manufacturers and Merchants. Mills thrown
open to visitors during the day.
FRIDAY, NOV. 10th
Evening at 8— Fraternal Parade. Mr. Pattison's Lecture in Free
SATURDAY, NOV. 11th
Morning— Burning of the mortgage of the Legion House.
Afternoon — Dedication of Memorial on Community Field.
MONDAY, NOV. 13th
Mr. Pattison's Lecture at 8 o'clock in the Free Library.
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 15th
Frankford Theatre. Crowning of the most Popular Lady in Frank-
ford. A stupendous affair.
Monday Evening is reserved in case it should rain on Saturday Afternoon
Wednesday Evening is reserved in case of rain for Baby Parade
The Frankford Camera Club will have an exhibition of Photographs
in main room of Free Library.
Visitors will be taken on the afternoon of such days as there are no
parades to the Sears-Roebuck Company's plant on the Boulevard.
The rooms of The Frankford Historical Society, 1507 Orthodox St.
will be open to visitors from 2 to 5 on the afternoons of the days in
which there are no parades.
A splendid exhibition of Rugs will be shown in Second National Bank
FRANKFOJRD DIRE< flON "I A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 43
THE HISTORY OF THE DUMMY CAR - Continued
- About the year 1872 nearly all of the horses in Philadelphia had
the disease called the epizooty. This seriously crippled the horse car
lines and experiments were made of running the dummies to Jackson
Street. One car made the round trip, going down Fifth Streel to
Jackson Street and returning by the way of Sixth Street. This little
outing of one of the dummies created quite an excitemenl in the centre
of the city and the streets were lined with people. The experiment
was not a success, however, and as horses were brought to the city
from the wesl the running of the horse cars was resumed.
Sad was the ending of the useful dummy ears which had so faith-
fully performed their work so man) years. After the entrance of die
new mode ol trolley transit in 1893 the cars were sold. The first one
to leave, No. 8, was boughl b) the Bangor and Portland Railroad,
running from Bangor to Portland at the entrance to the Water Gap,
and some ten years ago the writer had the privilege of riding in it
between the two town-. It seemed like a little hit of old time- a- 1
rode in the car through the hilly country of die Gap. Another, No. ( >,
was sent to Barnegat, where il conveyed passengers along shore for
several years. The remaining cars were sent to the ear barn at Llan-
erch to run on the West Chester Pike between Sixty third Street, at
Market, and Newtown Square, a distance of twelve miles. They were
used by the company for a special purpose, as by their charter at that
time they could not use trolley privileges on this road, bul were com-
•i page 48
OFFIC1 HOURS 9 to 5 BELL PHONE. FRANKFORD 1429
Monday, rhursday, Friday Evenings
Maude B, Crans
DOCTOR OF CHIROPODY
4660 Frankford Avenue, Frankford, Phila.
1743 ORTHODOX STREET
Fresh Bread, Rolls and Buns daily after 3 p. m.
Sundays after 4 p. m.
Birthday and Wedding Cakes a Specialty
44 FRAXKFORD — DIRECTION Of A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
SAMUEL D. KNORR
Wholesale and Retail
LOWE BROTHERS HIGH STANDARD
PAINTS AND VARNISHES
The Quality Lasts
Long after the price is forgotten
1817 Orthodox Street
Bell Phone FRANKFORD 1290 Keystone, EAST 8670
VNKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 45
INCORPORATED - 1843
The Frankford Mutual Fire
INSURANCE BUILDING £
4510-14 FRANKFORD AVENUE
FRANKFORD- DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
1682 Colonel William Markham bought for Penn the first piece S
of land purchased in Pennsylvania. [n
1919 Captain John K. Markham. l\ S. V. bought for the War S
Department the Camp Travis, Texas, reservation. ]h
1922 — John E. Markham. Real Estate Broker, sold land for Frank-
ford's largest dwelling operation at Bridge and Duffield Sts.
Reliable Real Estate Service
1567 PRATT STREET, FRANKFORD 1
At Frankford Avenue Ej
Frankford Motor Vehicles, Inc.
DURANT AND STAR
5107-09 Frankford Avenue
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OV \ GR1 VTEE PTIILADF.l PHIA H
Keystone, East 8915 Bell, Franktord 2281
HERBERT G." STAGG, President
ittrQiamUauit $tatummi (£u., 3nr.
STATIONERS, PRINTERS, ENGRAVERS
BLANK BOOK MAKERS
4426 Frankford Avenue
The Only Large Uptown Stationer
Prompt Auto Delivery Service
T s FRA.VKFORD- -DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
THE HISTORY OF THE DUMMY CAR - Continued
polled to use steam power. The dummy cars were not successful there.
They could not ascend the steep hills, and one night at a fire which
destroyed the car barn, they were all burned except one; thai was
fitted up a- a freight car and carried milk to the city for many years.
No history of the dummies would he complete unless mention is
made of the famous curve at the entrance to the town. Mere, aftei
leaving Kensington Avenue, a graceful curve is made, and on a grade
of 167 feet to the mile man_\- a car has met its defeat. How it would
puff and blow, stop, and then go on, and finally stop altogether, go
hack again, try it all over, and perhaps some of the athletic passengers
would gel out and help push. It required 125 pounds of steam to make
the ascent with a trailer, and 60 pounds without one: and if an engi-
neer did not have that amount of steam at Buckius Street, he would
>top at Adams Street and blow up his tire. Near Adams Street was
the switch, and here the trailers were left or taken on as the load
Great difficulty was experienced in running these cars during the
winter months. During the blizzard in the winter of 1866 the road
was tied up for several days. It is related that the four-horse sleigh,
belonging to Mr. Xester, of Fox Chase, who ran the stage line, arrived
in Frankford one morning while the employes were waiting at the
depot. They all left the depot, took a day off and a sleigh ride to fox
Chase and return. In March, 1888, the road was blocked by deep
drifts from Sunday night until the following Thursday.
Many stories are related of the dummies. One of the best is as
follows: A new hostler, employed at the depot, was instructed to till
the boiler with water. Xot knowing the right valve he put the hose
down the smoke stack, and as the water would naturally run out of
the grate at the hoi torn he became alarmed and informed the boss that
the "bottom had fell out of the boiler."
Another story is as follows: A stranger in Frankford, alter wait-
ing on a street corner for ;i long time to take the car to the city,
became impatient and stopping a passer-by inquired in angry tones:
"How often does these tool car- run?"
The average time from Frankford to Fourth and Berks Streets
was thirty minutes: to the new depot at Kensington Avenue and Cum-
berland Street, twenty minutes. The last car from the city would
arrive in frankford at 12.55 at night, and the first car would leave in
the morning at ?.Hl During the rush hours they would run from
fifteen to twenty minutes apart. In the middle of the day every thirty
minutes. The time from frank ford to Market Street was about fifty-
eight minutes. Conductors were paid $2.50 per day of from twelve to
fourteen hours. Engineers were paid by the month aboul ^7^ each.
They also received a bonus of Sod a year, paid quarterly if their
engines were kept in first-class condition and had no accidents to
occur. Men who worked on Sunday received $3.50 per daw
In 1S7J the following persons had charge of the six dummies then
running: No. 1. Engineer Thomas Golden; Conductor. Elwood Cox;
No. 2., Engineer Thomas ECim; Conductor Daniel McCool; No. 3,
c Continued on pagi • i
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 49
Strong Reliable Sound
FRANKFORD TRUST CO.
4344 FRANKFORD AVE., PHILA.
CAPITAL, $250,000.00 TRUST FUNDS, $3,700,000.00
SURPLUS and UNDIVIDED PROFITS, $650,000.00
EMMETT O'NEILL J. W. R. HARDING JOHN B. HARTMANN
A. H. GILMOUR WILLIAM H. SMEDLEY F. L. DEGENER, Jr.
ALLAN J. GILMOUR NEWTON M. HOLDEN CHAS. C. DAVIS
JOHN H. GLOVER T. COMLY HUNTER
Interest Paid on Deposits
We Insure Titles
EMMETT O'NEILL, President CHAS. R. CORNELL, Secretary
JOHN B. HARTMANN, Vice-Pres. and Trust Officer
CHAS. B. COLEBAUGH, Treas. and Asst. Trust Officer
ELMER S. CARLL, Title Officer WM. WICK, Asst. Treas.
What Its Name Implies
A Trust Company should be exactly what its name implies, a TRUST Com-
pany. As such, it is better fitted to Administer Trusts than the private in-
dividual. This Company is equipped for ACTIVE— EFFICIENT— SERVICE
— Try it.
WILLS WRITTEN AND SAFELY KEPT, WITHOUT CHARGE
where this Company is named as Executor, Trustee, etc.
FRANKFORD TRUST CO.
Open Banking Hours Every Day and on FRIDAY EVENINGS, 6 to 9 o'clock
50 FRANKFORD DIRECTION iiF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Established I'M I
Miss Clara Weidenmuller
4852 Frankford Avenue
Real Estate Broker Notary Public
"Our Business Is lo Boost the Northeast"
HERMAN T. GRUNINGER
2312-14 Orthodox Street
Bell Phone, Fkd. 1228 FRANKFORD, PHILA.
FRANKEORD DIRECTION Of A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 51
M. LOTMAN & SON Established I HH7
Lotman's Variety Store
DRY GOODS NOVELTIES
A Full Line of TOYS
The Store of UnEqUaLeD VaLuEs
4433 FRANKFORD AVENUE
THE HISTORY OF THE DUMMY CAR - Continued
Engineer Howard Adams; Conductor George Gibson; No. 4, Engineer
I.cwi> Miller, Conductor Joseph Shoch; No. 5, Engineer John fohns-
ton; Conductor Archie Hoff; No. 6, Engineer Edward Swope, Con-
ductor William Swope.
Some account should be made of the roadbed of that time. At
first the rails used were of cast iron, each one only eight feet long.
These would be spiked on long stringers. In summer time these rails
would expand and spring up, then the engineer would stop and take
the spikes and the sledge hammer, which he carried with him, and
repair the track. There was the same trouble with deep water during
rains at the railroad crossing at Harrowgate then as there i- now, and
the cars would have to stop until the water had subsided. Sometimes
the tracks would he covered to a depth of three feet. The tracks were
watched by a man employed for that purpose, who devoted his whole
life to the watchful care of other-, and it is -aid he was expected to
walk every day from Frankford to the depot, Fourth and Berks
Streets, hut that he was allowed to ride hack.
FRANKFORD- DIRECTION iH ; A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Modernize by Electrifying
JAMHS A. CUMMINGS & CO.
E.st abli shed il)oj
The quality of an installation
will long be remembered after
the price is forgotten.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND I
R&5BS5 mi^iizzmmM ■i.&tittfcttfc^^^v^tefcmmififfitv
PRANKEORD MiviM flON "l A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Benjamin F. Getz
4842 Frankiord Avenue
In the Fall of I 9 I 5 when this
store was first opened the trading
district of Frankford did not ex-
tend much above Margaret Street.
We believed that with the com-
pletion of the "L" Frankford
would expand rapidly and that
Harrison Street would be a busi-
ness centre. This belief has
been well borne out.
When we made our first display
of Fine Shoes, some said that the
people of Frankford would never
buy shoes of such high character.
But we believed that the people
of Frankford wanted the highest
grade of Shoes. This, too, has
been borne out.
It is our firm conviction that
Shoes should be comfortable as
well as good looking and durable.
To this end we make a specialty
of fitting, giving personal atten-
tion to each customer.
Because of increased business we
have twice increased the size of
our store, until now we are in a
position to offer personal service
to a larger number.
Our Shoes are of the finest
quality obtainable, and priced
You can make no mistake if you
4656 Frankford Avenue
When this business was estab-
lished on September lb, 1905.
Frankford was a town apart from
Philadelphia. In these I 7 years
it has grown rapidly until now it
is looked upon as the direction in
which a Greater Philadelphia
The business established here in
1905 has grown along with the
community. Today Ale and
Graham are the largest distribu-
tors of Arrow Collars in Greater
Northeast Philadelphia, and sole
distributors of Belber Traveling
Many important changes have
taken place in Men's Furnishings
since we first began retailing
them. The comfort of the
wearer is given more considera-
tion than ever before, while
quality and good appearance are
never lost sight of.
It has been our pleasure during
these past I 7 years to serve
many of the best men of North-
east Philadelphia. Numbered
among our customers you will
find the leading men of this com-
munity, the men who are help-
ing most to make Frankford what
it is destined to become.
By catering to the comfort, con-
venience and satisfaction of the
many men who will come to our
midst with the increased popula-
tion we hope to merit the patron-
age of an ever-increasing num-
FRANKFORT) — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
A STAGE COACH OF 1845
This line of Coaches ran from Frankford to Philadelphia. Starting from
Mrs. Rice's Hotel, Frankford Avenue and Ruan Street, every morn-
ing, arriving in Philadelphia at the Sign of the Camel, Third
and Vine Streets, and returning same day
By Guernsey A. Hallowell
The principal means of travel at the time of the settlement by
the Swedes was by boats. The country was not cleared and the roads
were in had condition for many years. Wagons were very seldom
used for some time after the arrival of the English on account of the
stumps in the roads, and travel was principally niton horseback.
As the country began to be more thickly settled, a better means of
travel was established, and stage-coaches came into use.
The first stage-coach of which we have an authentic record was
in November, 1756, when "a new stage left John Butler's sign of
'The Death of the Fox,' in Strawberry Alley, Philadelphia, for Ww
York." The trip was made one way in three days once each week.
Previous to this, in 1733-34 there was a stage line to Nev\ York by
way of Burlington and Amboy. Passengers from Philadelphia took
the boat to Burlington and then proceeded by stage to New York.
In 1765, John Barnhill was proprietor of a line of stages known
as the "Flying Machine," which was advertised to make the trip to
New York in two days during the summer.
In 1773, John Bessonet & Co. established a line of stages from
Philadelphia to New York, making the trip in two days.
Si ion after opening the bridge over the Delaware River at Tren-
ton, on February 1, 1806, four new lines of stages were started from
Philadelphia to New York, which proceeded the entire distance with-
out change. These lines, which ran daily (except Sunday), passing
through Frankford, were the "Diligence," at X A. M . ; the "Industry,"
:ii 9 \. M.; the "Mail Pilot," at 10 A. M.. and die "•.Mail" at noon.
The last carried only six passenger-.
In 1810 the "Expedition" line of stages made die trip to New
\ ork m one day. commued on .
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
P. BOWES & SON
PAINTERS and PAPER HANGERS
1528 CHURCH ST., FRANKFORD
Phone Frankford I 499-J
GOOD ICE is not a luxury — but a necessity
JOSEPH A. CARROLL
COLUMBIA ICE COMPANY
1521 Womrath Street, Frankford, Phila.
GEORGE E. HAINES
Manufacturer of WEB BELTS
Bathing Belts a Specialty
1645 Pratt Street, Frankford, Phila.
Phone Frankford 3087 \\
Business founded in 1863 i>v \l fohn Cocker, Si
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES
George Washington Cocker
1517 Arrott Street
IV <7? <7? T? T? T? T? <T? T? S? T? T? T? <7? S? S? T? TP <T? T? =7? <7? T? T? T? <7? T? TR T?. I 7?-5?-5?_Tri<7
56 FRAN KK)Ri>- DIRECTION 01- A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Contractors and Builders
Founded 1 890 by Thomas Rush
We give our
best efforts to
1006 HARRISON STREET
PRANKEORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Best wishes to those who
have been responsible for
my continued success.
George A. Sinn
FkAXKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
J. A. ALLWEIN
Located at CHURCH STREET "L" STATION
Our Low Cost of Doing a Cash Business Enables
Us to Give You Better Value
Frankford's Only Store
Carrying an All-Inclusive
Line of the Famous
Visit Our ART NEEDLEWORK DEPARTMENT
Finished Models on Display
Free Instruction If Desired
Use Our Popular
ANEITA BRAND HOSE
for dependable service. Quality and style to suit
FOR MEN, WOMEN, CHILDREN
Satisfied customers are our best asset
Can we count on you as one?
Watch Our Windows for "DAISY-DAY SALES"
4284 and 4286 FRANKFORD AVENUE
ERANKEORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA ' 59
AN OLD HORSE CARI
Aftam (!I. $tmuirr
4346 Frankford Avenue Frankford, Phila
PHONE, FRANKFORD 0213
60 FRAN KEORD— DIRECTION Of A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Progress for Frankford
George Royle & Co. gladly add
their humble voice to the general
shout of joy at the opening of the
Frankford L - an event which will
result in not only speedier trans-
portation but in increased pros-
perity for every manufacturer,
every retailer, every individual in
our progressive community.
GEO. ROYLE & CO.
FRANKEORD DIRECTION OV A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
45 ^ c i is m I r.i nkford
THOMAS J. EAGAN
STEAMSHIP PASSENGER AGENT
Notary Public Insurance Estates Managed and Settled Mortgages-
Rents and Interest Collected
.American Line, Anchor Line, Cunard Line, Leyland Line.
Panama Pacific Line, Red Star Line, White Star Line
4281 FRANKFORD AVENUE
Bell Phone, Fkd. (Ho 7
4661 PAUL STREET
Frankford I I 48
62 [•' RANK FORD- DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
John T. Schofield
EST VBLISHED 1904
In ye olden days the people of Frankford journeyed
7 miles to Philadelphia in poorly equipped and slow
moving transit facilities to get a pair of spectacles.
Nowadays you can have your eyes properly cared for
by Eye Specialists and your prescriptions promptly
and accurately filled right here at your own door.
Because we are
we car, fill any prescription in the shortest space oi
time. Saving you mone) as well as valuable time.
Your prescription is Kepi on rile here, enabling us to
give you record replacement service in case oi acci-
With 18 years oi practical experience behind us we
are in a splendid position to render you expert service.
4915 Frankford Avenue
Grind in q of Lenses and all Repair Work Pour at This Addre
I'KAN KI'OKD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 00
Diamonds Jewelry Watches
"GIFTS THAT LAST"
X/fAY we serve you whenever you desire
artistic jewelry, reflecting elegance and
good taste. We also offer a varied and
extensive selection of silverware, beautiful
in design and moderate in price.
S. J. LYONS
4612 Frankford Avenue
2258 N. Front Street 2846 Kensington Avenue
OPEN MONDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHTS
Phone Frankford 2076
FOULKROD AND DUFFIELD STREETS
64 PRANKEORD — DIRECTION OK A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
TRANSPORTATION - Continued
In 1830 three coaches often ran at one time through Frankford
to New York, carrying both mail and passengers. The arrival of
the coaches from New York was then an event of daily interest.
As earl) as 1830, and for many years subsequent, the great lottery
companies <<\ New York maintained a daily express between that city
and Philadelphia. The express consisted of men on horseback who
changed every ten miles. A blast of a horn was a signal for the
hostlers at the inns upon the route to have another horse in readiness.
All stages ceased running to New York in 1836 because of the
opening of the Philadelphia and Trenton Railroad. This railroad was
incorporated February 23, 1832. The road was completed from Kens-
ington to Morrisville, November 1. 1834. Cars drawn bv horses ran
from Frankford to Third and Willow Street-, on this road, for several
In 1840 three lines ol stages were running between Frankford and
Philadelphia, including one from Holmesburg, and one from Bustle-
ton, owned by David Maguire. The fare between Philadelphia and
Frankford was twenty-five cents. The coaches for Frankford left
Nail's Hotel on Second Street below Arch.
( >ne of the earliest lines of stages between Frankford and Phila-
delphia was conducted by John Haines, and ran from the Seven Stars
I [< itel in Frankford.
In 1845 Thomas Rorer was proprietor of a stage line which ran
from the Eagle Hotel, now numbers 1-42 and 4244 Frankford Avenue.
Later, Mr. Rorer purchased the property on the southeast side of
Frankford Avenue, northeast of Unity Street, and transferred his
he,:' [quarters there.
About this time Allen Pickup conducted a stage line to Phila-
delphia, which ran from the Eagle Hotel, lie sold the business to
After November 27, 1845, William II. Shallcross & Co. ran a
stage from the Jolly Tost Motel, now 4612-14 Frankford Avenue, at
5 I'. M. in the evening, for the city. Returning, it left the Sign of the
Camel, on Second Street between Race and Vine Streets, starting in
lime to reach Frankford by midnight.
Besides the Stages mentioned, stage lines to the city were con-
ducted by Messrs. Gallagher, Fries, Van Brunt, and [ohn O'Brien.
Lines of stages have also been run from time to time between
Frankford and Fox Chase, and Frankford and Bustleton.
In 1855 agitation was started for the establishment of a better
means of transportation to the city. In December of that year a
meeting of business men was held in Frankford to consider the
organization of a horse car line, and as a result, in May. 1857, the
Legislature granted a charter to the Philadelphia and Delaware River
Railroad Company for a line between Southwark and Farnkford. The
first car ran January 8, L858, and the line was opened to the public in
the city January 20, 1858. The first car ran to Frankford March 15.
1858, There was much Opposition to the horse car line at first by the
i. 'ontinued on page
PRANKFORD — DIRECTION Of" A CRF.ATF.K PHILADELPHIA 65
ALBERT H. ENTWISTLE
Fellow -residents :
This commemorates an epoch in the annals ol our town.
We have been patient and now we may enjoy the materializa
tion of <»ur cherished dream. Frankford has made rapid strides
in recent years — but to use the opportunity for greater growth.
Here as everywhere the Pharmacy, an individual unit,
lias played its part. We have endeavored to offer the besl
service and the best merchandise. PURITY, QU \1.ITY WD
EFFICIENCY have been OUR STANDARDS. Your patron-
age has shown your appreciation oi these. We shall continue
to meet your demands with the purest ingredients, of the besl
quality in the most efficient manner.
We invite your patronage of the many thousand articles
included in our stock. For greater Pharmaceutical Service,
Sincerely \ ours,
ALBERT II. ENTYN ISTI.K
Harrison St. and Frankford Ave.
Frankford - Phila., Pa.
PRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Styled for Young Men
;hats of quality
*Frankford Theatre Block
When You Build
Stability, Quality and
4842 Hawthorne St.
FRANKFORD— DIRECTION OF a CREATF.K PHILADELPHIA
AN OLD DUMMY CAR WITH TRAILER
TRANSPORTATION - Continued
omnibus owners. They were finally compelled to withdraw the stages.
The first cars run on this line were constructed by Thomas Castor,
• it Frankford.
There was much agitation at this tune aboul the cars running on
Sunday. Those running to Frankford were compelled to stop on Sun
day at a one-story frame building, which once stood in what is now
the hed of Kensington Avenue, northeast of Adam- Avenue. It was
not many months, however, before the cars ran on Sunda) to the depol
on the north corner of Frankford Avenue and Arrott Street.
In 1858 the Second and Third Street car line was chartered, and
cars were soon after run to Frankford from the city over this hue.
the terminus of which in Frankford was Frankford Avenue and
On November 17. 1863, the dummy cars were first run from
Fourth and Berks Street- to Frankford. These car- had a cab in the
front in which were a vertical engine and boiler. The former horse
cars were then used as trailer- for the dummies. These trailer- were
provided with seats on the top and a spiral ladder to the top oi the
car. Some rears later a new depot v , a s built at Kensington Wenue
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
New Home of La France Art Institute, 4420 Paul St. Free Education
in Art to Deserving Boys and Girls
and Cumberland Street, and the dummies then ran no further than
the new depot, where a change was made to the horse-cars which ran
down Kensington Avenue to Front Street, thence to Berks Street,
thence to Sixth Street, and south on Sixtli Street to Jackson Si reel.
Returning, the cars came north on Fifth Street.
In 1893 the trolley cars were first introduced in Frankford.
These cars supplanted the dummies and horse cars. Soon after this
the trolley cars were run from Frankford to Jackson Street without
( >n July 2, 1894j the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Compan)
began running trains to Frankford from the Reading Terminal, Phil-
In 1903 the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company acquired the
property on the northwesl side of Frankford Avenue, northeast of
Pratt Street, and the largesl brick car-barn in the world was erected
" ,( ' 1 COn, Continued on page 82
PRANKPORD DIRECTION OP .\ GREATER PHILADELPHIA 69
Frankford and Qas Service
In the development of Frankford from a village
its present huge proportions, gas service has played a vital
In the greater development toward which this com-
munity is advancing with lusty strides, gas will be called
upon more than over to perform mam important services
in the industries and in the homes.
It is not too much to say that Frankford cannol con-
tinue to expand without the efficient co-operation of gas
service of the same type which has been enjoyed in the
Appreciating to the full the friendship which has ex-
isted between Frankford and U. G. I. service, we shall
continue to strive to the utmost of our ability for the
greater glory and prosperity of Frankford.
No great result can be obtained without adequate
investment of capital, and should we tail in performing
the maximum service which Frankford expects of us it
would be only because of financial limitations.
Frankford and gas service should co-operate for
THE UNITED GAS IMPROVEMENT
70 FKANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
THE HENNIGAR PHOTO STUDIO
Oxford and Frankford Avenue
Established 1902 Bell Phone. Fkd. 4580
PHOTOGRAPHING IN ALL BRANCHES
Special Attention Paid to
WEDDINGS and COMMERCIAL WORK
FRANKFORD CAMERA CLUB
Photographic Section of Wright's Institute
A workshop to encourage the cultivation of an interest in, and
an understanding of, the art and science of Photography
Buy -- UNITY -- Brands
FROM YOUR GROCER
Good Enough For Anyone at Prices Anyone Can Pay
ELIZABETH K. MAYES
491 1 Frankford Avenue Frankford
Exclusive Styles in all Seasons of
AT POPULAR PRICES
Special Attention to Remodeling Phone, Frankford 0116
l-'KANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
The materials and the methods
used by me are as modern
in my line as the
as a method of
U. GRANT CROMWELL
4617 Penn Street
HEATING and PLUMBING
All Branches of PIPE FITTING For Factories
11 Phone, Frankford 0356
72 FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
"On the Avenue Since I 899'
Recently a man called in our store purchasing a
suit of clothes. He remarked, "You have been
selling me for over thirty years."
Confidence is sometimes worth more than money.
Service— CLOTHES— Quality
Frankford Avenue and Margaret Street
RUDOLF NEFF CORSON
Law Real Estate Building Associations
1533 ORTHODOX STREET
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA /S
THE HISTORY OF THE DUMMY CAR - Continued
As the covered bridge at the Frankford Creek was ..unci by the
railroad Company, a watchman was employed there to prevent fires,
and no wagons or teams were allowed to cross it under penalty of $1<>.
The reversing or turning of these dummUs was quite a problem.
At first a temporary turn-table was built on the street at Frankford
Avenue and Arrott Street, but was afterward placed in the rear of the
present stone depot.
The most serious disaster that ever occurred on the road was a
collision at the grade crossing at Harrowgate with an excursion tram
returning from New York. This happened at 9 o'clock on Sunday
night, September 26, 1875. Two persons were instantly killed, Thomas
Adams and Mrs. O'Donnell, while three others died within a feu
days. Many others were injured. Thomas Adams was an engineer
on the road, but on the night of the accident was riding inside as a
passenger. Mr. Harry S. Adams, whom we all know so well, was
with his father at the time of the accident. They were sitting in the
rear of the dummy near the door. Mr. Adams stepped outside of the
door on the platform to speak to the brakeman, and seeing the
approaching train, he jumped and was instantly killed, while his son
inside was not injured. The conductor of the car was Charles \\ il
liamson and the engineer was Tony Evans. They both jumped and
so escaped injury. This disaster cost the road over $65,000 damage-.
but still it was a good year, as they paid 12 per cent, dividend.
Mr. Thomas Kim, through whose kindness I have collected the
data for my story, tells me that he was in bed on the night of the
accident. That he was sent for and told to take car No. 1 to the plai e
of the disaster, and that he gathered many fragments of the bodies,
among them a head. These he placed in a keg, and placing it before
him in the engine room of his car, he conveyed them to the police
station at Frankford.
Something must be said of the executive work of the road. Mr.
Albert Worrell had full charge of the running of the cars, and we all
remember how he would blow his whistle, a signal for the starting oi
the cars. Mr. Samuel Ford cared for the construction work. While
at the depot there was a machine shop where new cars were made and
old ones repaired. Cars were also built by outside shops. The firsl
dummies used on the road were built by the ('.rice & Uong Co., whose
works were on Beach Street. The engine was what was known as a
twin engine with a 6 by 10^ stroke, and was of 15 horsepower. The
boiler was an upright one and about 1600 pounds of hard coal was
used during the day. The temperature often exceeded 100 degrees in
the small engine room.
I must mention the bell and whistle of the dummy ear. The bell
was on the roof of the car suspended between two upright posts, and
was pulled by a cord from the engine room. There was also a u histle
lontrolled by the engineer. These signals were in great demand in
going down Kensington Avenue, notifying the fanners to clear the
tracks. And it is said that if a man with a load of hay refused to
Continued c- page ~
FRAN KEORD— DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Well Built Houses For Sale
Qeorge R. Osborne & Son
5014 SAUL STREET
Bell Phone, Frankford 1145 ESTIMATES
PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS - REAL ESTATE
Harrison Garage and Auto Livery
LIMOUSINES AND TOURING CARS TO HIRE
i'KANKFOkl? — DIRECTIOM m- a CKKATKK PHILADELPHIA
WILLIAM KUHN. Jr.
KUHN & LOWERY
Mortgage and Insurance Brokers
Conveyancing Notary Public
S. E. Cor. Fifth and Rockland Streets
— and —
4665 Paul Street, at Frankford Avenue
Fifth and Rockland B. and L. Association
New Olney B. and L. Association
Olney Suburban B. and L. Association
Patriot B. and L. Association
Rosehill B. and L. Association
Tabor B. and L. Association
Wyoming Ave. B. and L. Association
Lindley B. and L. Association
Special Attention Given to Building Operations
Ground for Builders a Specialty
1st and 2nd Mortgages
OFFICES OPEN MONDAY AND FRIDAY EVENINGS
FRAXKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
?SBSZSZSZ5ZSZSZSZ5Z5ZSES^5Z5d5Z5E5ZSZ5ZSZ5Z5ZSZSBSZ5^5Z5Z5d5Z5 Z5 iSI52SZ5Z^
Residence of Frank W. Hollingsworth
Edward W. Taylor
Successor to C. West & Co.
Builder of Modern Homes
OXFORD AVE. and WAKELING ST.
frankford — direction: or a orkater pnn.AnF.t.rrTTA
THE HISTORY OF THE DUMMY CAR - Continued
leave the track sonic of the engineers would fire up, causing a cloud
of sparks to till the air. This him was always sufficient for the driver
of a load of hay.
The old depot at Fourth and Berks Streets was abandoned in
lanuary, 1872, and the company moved into the new one ai Cumber
land Street and Kensington Avenue. Thomas Scott, who had the
honor of taking the first dummy into the new depot, was SO overcome
with the privilege that he could not wait until the doors were opened
hut backed his car through them, tearing them off their hinges. Some
of the men who worked in this shop included Kphraim Woodhouse,
who painted, gilded, grained and adorned the cars with landscape-.
< Hhers were John Burns, William Pendlebury, Elijah English, Roberl
'I nornton, Cary MacDonald and Samuel Bryan, who was the black
The question of fare was an interesting one. Previous to the war
the fare from the city to Frankford or return was ten cents, making
the fare for the round trip to the city twenty cents. It was after-
wards reduced to seven cents, and then to five cents to Columbia
Avenue, which was. in force several years. Round rubber buttons
with a hole in the center and strung on a leather throng were used as
tickets, and these were sold six for a quarter. Workmen's tickets. \1
cents for the round trip, were also sold. School children's tickets
were sold twelve for $1.00.
About 1892-93, a register was introduced for the collection ot
lares. It was a harp-shaped design, nickel-plated, and was hung
around the neck of the conductor by a leather strap, resting on his
breast. There were two leather cords hanging beneath, and there was
a great pulling and jingling of bells as the fares were collected.
Among all of the employes of this road there is one man whose
name should have special mention, that of James Lord, who was
employed at the Frankford depot as hostler. It was his duty to look-
after the cars, clean them, rub them down and keep them in condition.
He spent many years there and was a quiet, industrious citizen and
did his work well.
There is no doubt thai in the preparation of this Article I have
neglected to mention the names of some of the employes of the road.
Tf I should have done so I would appreciate any additions, also any
reminiscences that would add to the interest of the paper.
I desire to thank the following persons who have s,, kindly
assisted me: Mr. Thomas Kim, Mr. Lewis Miller. Mr. Charles \\ .
Castor, Mr. Robert T. Corson, Mr. Elwood Castor, James France,
files of Holmesburg and Frankford Gazette.
FKWKFORD- DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
i.^i.ii.lljInl l lll ll l il i i ll i lHI il l li ll l ll l l l lHIII II III I IIII
Stiiropraclic has a h%fa for each.Htttf 6f (fey
»rt Jj6ut^el|a|ju^e5an(f (font k a f rtij
FRANKFOKI) DIRECTION (>F A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 79
NAPPING, PRINT, DYE
Mens Fine Suit Linings
Pendlebury & Son
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
To the Discriminate Home
Seeker who will eventually
settle in Frankford, I offer
these Master-Pieces of home
Located in the Exclusive
and Dignified Northwood
Section of Frankford. On
the famous Roosevelt
Boulevard at Kenwyn
FRANKFORD- DIRFCTIO RF.ATF.R PI I I LADELP I II \
To such I dedicate this
effort of my twenty years
experience as a builder of
HARRY R. MOYER
2035 E. Allegheny Avenue
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHIEADEEPHIA
WATER TRANSPORTATION - Continued
would again sel them free. Whether the party stuck to the ship 1 am
unable to say, but undoubtedly the ship stuck to the mud. The next
morning all had disappeared."
Iu 1852 a stock company was formed to inaugurate a line of
steamboats on Frankford Creek under the name of the Frankford,
Aramingo, Bridesburg and Whitehall Steamboat Company. The com-
pany was capitalized at SKHXX), with shares at a par "value of $10
each. The constitution set forth that the Board of Managers should
have power to contract for tiie building of a steamboat to run on the
Delaware River and Frankford Creek between Philadelphia and
Frankford. They also appointed the officers and men to run the boat.
The Committee on Navigation was authorized to make the necessary
alterations and improvements to the creek, clean the channel and as-
sure a clear highway to the river. The landing-place was at the old
wharf which existed on the south hank of the stream, about fifty yards
east ot the six-inch bridge.
Work was at once commenced on the boat, which on a smaller
scale was modeled after the first "Edwin Forrest."' The operation of
the line, however, was attended with such disheartening results that
the effort was abandoned after a half do/en trips. On each occasion
the boat would he stranded in mid-stream, to the delight of the small
hoys who congregated on the hanks. It was soon apparent that the
stage coach lines to the city were much quicker and cheaper, and thus
it came about that the little steamer built for the Frankford Creek,
was sold and sent down the river to ply on one of the Jersey streams.
Since that attempt the placid waters of the stream have been navigated
up to recent years only by scows and canal boats, which often un-
loaded cargoes of coal for Hilles's yard or lumber for Duffield's saw
mill, both of which were located on the creek, near Frankford Road.
Additional Information About the Dummies
By J. K. Jen ks
The dummies running from Kensington Avenue and Cumberland
to Arrott and Frankford Avenue was the continuation of the Fifth
and Sixth Street line and there were eight dummies in all and they
made about eighty-four trips in all each 21 hours and their running
time from depot to depot was 20 minutes, and they often had a trailer
on to haul the loads more comfortable.
Bach dummy had an engineer and conductor, and when we had
a trailer on they often had a brakeman. The names of the conductors
and engineers are as follows: Conductors: No. 1. John Stewart;
Xii. 2, Rittenhouse Holmes; No. 3, Charles Lukins; No. 4, J. R. Jenks;
No. 5, Budd Howe; No. <>, James Schlafer; No. 7, William Coon; No.
8, Joseph Ritman. Engineers: No. 1, Thomas Goldin ; No. 2, Thomas
Kim; No. 3. Howard Adams: No. I, Louis Miller; No. 5, John Johns-
ton; Xo. 6, Edward Swope; No. ~, Frank Golden; No. 8, Jacob Puder,
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OJ A GREATER PHILADELPHIA 83
BUILDERS ENTERING FRANKFORD AVENUE
[■]< \\ KI-(iKi) DIRECTION Of A. GREATER PHILADELPHIA •^•' 1
J 3£30i 55 .35 55 Jjg 55 55 irn 55 ttj 55 55 ■ . . . .; ■..- .; 7 v •; .;
The Kensington Trust Company
Kensington and Allegheny Avenues
ALLEGHENY AVENUE STATION
NINE MILLION DOLLARS ON
Total Resources, $10,205,000.00
IfiHOz^^Z^ SB £fi SB jj & sQZ'SQz^g ffi an >■ " '" a* ag a> r^ to an Sii ffi M & ^ & jj M ^ M J
86 FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
It was shortly after the Centennial Exhibition that o com-
pany was organized and established to furnish electric light and
power to Frankford and vicinity; service then being supplied
from a small direct current plant installed at Paul and Meddow
Street in a small two-story building.
As Frankford grew and expanded, the limits of this class
of service were recognized and after the formation of another
company, which was later acquired by this Company, a more
adequate plant was located on the Delaware River at Delaware
Avenue and Robbins Street and which, to this day, is a cog in
the huge wheel of The Philadelphia Electric Company System.
As the welfare of the community is inseparably linked with
the progress of its industries, so is the Central Station one of
the mightiest factors in its growth and prosperity, as evidenced
by the increased use of our service — both in the home, factory
and office in and around Frankford.
It is our pride that PHILADELPHIA ELECTRIC SERVICE
will supply the current to operate the new FRANKFORD "I.".
The Philadelphia Electric Company
l'KAN ki'okd DIRECTION "1 \ r,Ki;.\Ti:k PHILADELPHIA
"Nothing Succeeds Like Success"
is an old proverb that can be applied to Schlater's Bakery,
corner of Frankford Avenue and Sellers Street. Probably
no business has had a larger share in developing Frank-
ford Avenue as the Fifth Avenue of the Northeast than
this well-known linn of bakers. Beginning in a modest
establishment on the avenue 71 years ago Schlater's Baker)
has grown in a remarkable way until it ha- become neces
sary for the firm to double the capacity of their plant many
times. Regardless of expense they have kept pace with
the modern development in bakery methods and have, from
time to time, installed new and up-to-date equipment m
order to turn out a satisfactory article at all time-. Clean
liness is the first principle of this business, together with
the very highest grade of materials, which are selected with
scrupulous care. There are thousands of families in the
northeast, and in fact all over the City of Philadelphia,
who patronize this well-known concern. Merely to say
thai it is "Schlater's" is a sufficient guarantee of the
quality of the goods supplied by this progresshe bakery
concern. The appearance of the store is always a credit
to the avenue and is one of the conspicuous sights as one
passes up and down the street. There is probably no busi-
ness where cleanliness and quality mean more to the human
family and where the most exacting scruples ought to he
exercised in the manufacture and sale of a commodity
than the bakery business. A visit to thelplanl of this con
cern is sufficient to convince the most skeptical that in
Schlater's Frankford has a business of which the citizens
can he jusly proud.
SHOP AT HOME. Make Schlater's your SHOPPING
CENTER. ( Hir bread is for sale at all stores.
IF IT ISNT
IT ISNT THE BEST
We Solicit Your Business
FRANKFORD- DIRECTION Of A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Pals Thru Life
One of the oldest established drug
stores in Frank ford.
Remodeled and greatly enlarged; and
Complete in Every Detail.
FRANKFORD AVE. at ARROTT ST.
'RANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
"An organization through ivhich
its public spirited citizens may
express themselves collectively on
community welfare and through
which they may make their public
desires eft ectwe
PRANKFORD — DIRECTION Of A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
F. SEITTER'S SONS
Building, Paving and Sewer Bricks
Office and Works
Nicetown Lane and "G" Street
Firm was founded about 1859, at what is known
as White Hall Commons; moved about 1867 to
Kensington Avenue, near Ontario Street, about
1870. Located at Harrougate Lane above Erie
Avenue, and in 1883, moved to present address
and have been continually operating in this loca-
tion almost forty years.
FRANKFORD DIRECTIONS "l A. GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Frankford's Standard for 35 Years
Copy of Advertisement in
The Frankford Gazette," August 30, 1889
CHEAPEST NEW HOUSES
in Frankford, situated on Sellers
and Wingohocking Streets. These
houses have seven nice rooms, w ill
Bath, Hot and Cold Water, Front
and Back Porch, good sized yards,
nicely papered, and everything to
make a comfortable home. The)
will be' sold at very low prices. For
further particulars, inquire of A. T.
France, 121 Sellers Street, or to
\\ in. M. France, Adams Street.
WM. FRANCE SONS, INC.
PRANKFORD— DIRECTION OF A GREATER I'l I I l.AI >KI.I" 1 11 A
4627 FRANKFORD AVENUE
PRANKFORD- DIRECTION 01 \ CREATE I; PI UIA 93
SOME years ago there appeared in The Gazette the following
article concerning navigation on Frankford Creek: The hundreds
who dail) pass over the Frankford Creek by trolley al Frankford
Road, where the bed of the stream al times is almost dry, would smile
at any suggested scheme of navigating the stream, yet the shrill whistle
and pull bi the steamboat was heard close by that point main years
before the Civil War. The following anonymous communication to
the editor of the North American and United States Gazette, was
written on the occasion of the town's first novel experience with a
"Frankford, July 11th, 1848.
Ti i tii e Editor :
On Tuesday afternoon between the hours of five and six, just as
the tide m the creek was about its height, the good people of this
place who happened to be near the scene, were startled by a bursl of
steam gushing forth with such puffs as to satisfy .ill that there was
something more than usual to cause this peculiar sound on the tran-
quil waters oi Tacony Creek. As each puff gave hack its echo, each
seemed to draw nearer and nearer. The bend or turn of the water
course with its thick growth of trees and bushes, obstructed our view
and hid the mystery from us. All seemed: anxious to discover the
cause, as they watched the bend; curosity seemed to increase and very
many had now keen drawn to the spot. At last there was seen round-
ing the bend, to the surprise oi all. a steamboat— it was not the "John
Stephens," hut a regular steamboat pursuing her course as steadily up
the creek as it it was no uncommon occurrence. Most oi those present
had looked upon such an undertaking as impossible, hut it was not the
first time that a steamboat attempted to navigate our waters, for a few
years ago a small boat was built here by a Mr. Castle, and made sev-
eral excursions up and down the creek, and the day is not far distant
when the sound of the steamboat will he heard making daily trips
between Frankford and Philadelphia. Now to the surprise and won-
der of all, on she came, puff! puff! puff! until she was fairly brought
to a stand, head up to the wharf. At this time, as 1 have said before,
the tide was at Us full, and admitted no delay verifying the old adage
"that Time and Tide" will wait for no one, and with no little exertion
did those on hoard get her off again, with a loud huzzaw from the
delighted party, she left the shore. The company consisted oi a tew
gentlemen who lett Philadelphia on a pleasure excursion and every
appearance on hoard gave evidence that they had spent a pleasant day.
They, however, had not proceeded far on their return down the
creek, when the steersman, owing to his ignorance as to the channel
of the creek, run the boai into the mud and stuck. Now here was a
dilemma not expected. All the power of -learn was oi no avail and
a long time spent in fruitless efforts to get off before they were
convinced that twelve hours would have to elapse before the waters
linued '"' page >j^
94 FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OB A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
When you read this-
Remember it is for Frankford
and do not forget E. B. K.
32 Years in the business
PAINTS, OILS, GLASS
EDWIN B. KNORR
1748 ORTHODOX STREET
William T\ Rose
AUTOMOBILES TO HIRE
1822 Orthodox Street
Bell Phone, Frankford 1232
FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA ' >5
TRANSPORTATION - Continued
In 190-1 the Philadelphia Transit Company began running a line
ol ti'ulU'N cars to Tacony. Another line from Bridesburg, through
Frankford to Olney, Germantown and Falls of Schuylkill, had been
Previous to this a line oJ trolleys had been run from Bridge
Street to Torresdale on the Bristol Turnpike, and another line from
Frankford Avenue and Bridge Street, over Bridge Streel to Tacony
Street, and thence on Tacony Street to Tacony and Holmesburg.
For the accommodation ol people living in Somerton and Bustle-
ton a line of automobiles lias been running for the past two years from
Frankford Avenue and Bridge Street, aboul two hours apart each day.
In l'Ul the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company established a
trolley freight service between the city and Frankford.
On February 1. 1912, trolleys were run for the first time without
change to Tenth and Market Streets.
On April 1, 1912, the latest and most improved near-side trolleys
were introduced between Frankford and Philadelphia. We now have
three lines of these cars: One which runs down Second Street and
up Third Street; another down Sixth Street and up Fifth Street, via
Lehigh Avenue; another down Tenth Street and up Eleventh Street,
via Berks Street.
Three Years in North America
By James Stuart, Esq.
Published 1833, Vol. 2
lau. 2 ( ', 1830. Arrived in Frankford, a clean, well situated vil-
lage a few miles from I'hila., where I had the pleasure ol staying a
few days with Colonel Burn, an American by birth, hut who had
keen long in Britain, being possessed of property in Scotland, llis
manners and mode of living were as much British as American, lie
commanded the American Calvary during the late war, hut had now
retired and lived very hospitably in Frankford. At Col. Burn's house
I first tasted terrapin— a small land turtle of which excellent soup is
made. I also first saw here in perfection the canvass hack duck o! the
1'otomac, winch is recorded the greatest delicacy in America.
While in Frankford 1 visited the Markets in i'hila. Meat is very
plentiful at an average of about two pence half penny a pound. The
price of a large wild goose is three quarters of a dollar.
1 left Colonel Burns house in Frankford on the 2nd of February.
96 FRA.VKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
JAMES B. CUNNINGHAM
1747 ORTHODOX STREET
Cigars, Tobacco, Confectionery, Notions, School Supplies
Orders taken for Breyer's Ice Cream
Phone, Fkd. 3297-W
Bell Phone, Frankford 1040
S. KRUGER & CO.
Furniture, Carpets, Oilcloth, Matting
Ladies' and Gents' Clothing
1821 ORTHODOX STREET
ZSZSZSZ5 r!SZ5ZS ^SZ5ZSZS?SZSZ5?S?S"rl5Z [ 7ZSZSRSZSZS?S?FrlS?S^5?SHSZSZ5ZF.
Ladies' and Gents' Suits Made to Order Fur Coats Relined and Repaired
Cleaning, Pressing, Repairing and Altering a Specialty
At Reasonable Prices
1734 Orthodox Street, Frankford
Cor. Hawthorne St.
Bell Phone 305 2 J
Best Workmansii ip A Tn;il Will Convince
Cigars, Tobacco, Stationery and Candies
2001 ORTHODOX STREET
E. F. YOUNG, Manager
t-'RAXKEORD DIRECTION OV A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Towards Frankford points the way to greater Philadelphia.
Towards our store points the way to get Good Eats it
1737 ORTHODOX STREET, (Since 1886)
Bell Phone 0346
Dry Goods, Notions, Hosiery, Men's Furnishings and Ready-
1728 ORTHODOX STREET
L. F. LEUPOLD
ICE CREAM PARLOR
1922 Orthodox Street
A Select Line of Fine Confections Fancy Chocolates a Specialty
Ice Cream Served Promptly For All Occasions
Bell Phone 180 1 Keystone Phone 1802
Hardware and Housefurnishing Goods
1905 ORTHODOX STREET
98 FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Bell Phone, Fkd. 1076-J Estimates Cheerfully Furnished
JOBBING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO
£ BUZBY & PROPERT D
R CARPENTERS I
A — and—
^ TY STREET, FRj*
i>l Established 1912 „
PRINTING and ENGRAVING
"Of the Better Sort"'
Done Quickly and to Your Liking
Ideas Submitted on Cards or Catalogs
May Be Ordered a Year in Advance
Personal and Commercial
Designed a Year Ahead. Orders Taken at Any Time
I Individual Small Lot Orders Expedited)
Loose Leaf Ledgers and Special Forms
Carbon Papers and Typewriter Ribbons
We Make Our Own Type on the Monotype
Our Non-Plate Engraving Process Saves YOU Money
Adams' Envelope Service Excels
Printed envelopes delivered within 24 hours, if desired
Bell FR\ 1190 Kevstone, EAST 843 7
H. S. ADAMS
1 660 FOULKROD STREET, FRANKFORD, PHILA.
(Corner of Darrah Street)
"Here Type Can Serve You"
1'kan KFoKD -Direction op a greater Philadelphia 99
PATRIOTIC IRATERNAL BENEFU I \l
BROTHERHOOD OF AMERICA
Organized in Independence Hall 1854
Incorporated Under the Laws of Pennsylvania
INDEPENDENCE CIRCLE, No. 38
Instituted in Frankford, November 7, I 894
Every Friday Evening, Sellers Street, at Paul Street
3405 Vankirk Street
A. L. WELSH L. R. MURPHY
Hon. Register Hon. Scroll Keeper
4265 Paul Street 45 20 Penn Street
Pays Sick and Death Benefits
Worth of Circle upwards $24,000
In addition to above, optional with membership, Death Benefit Fund
under direct management of the Supreme Circle paying $250 to $500, ac-
cording to age.
Gross Assets $103,114.14
Claims Paid Since Institution of Fund $2,537,451.14
Claims Incurred Since 1890 from Institution of Fund 5,318
FRANKFORD — DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
COMPANY :: Printers
Beil Phone, Frankford 4581
OUR AMBITION TO GIVE SERVICE
is best evidenced by the fact that in all that section of Philadel-
phia North of Allegheny Ave. and East of Broad Street, com-
prising upper Kensington, Frankford, Olney, Wissinoming,
Tacony, Holmesburg. Logan. Oak Lane. Fox Chase. Torresdale.
etc., we were —
To Install Automatic Printing Presses
To Install Line Typesetting Machinery
To Install Folding Machinery for Mail Advertising
To Install Printers' Furniture Moulding Machinery
To Install Power Perforating and Punching Machinery
To Install Type Routing and Mortising Machinery
To Install Automatic Gumming Machinery
To Equip entire plant with Individual Motors
To Inaugurate Daily Automobile Delivery Service
To Install a Cost System
TO GIVE REAL SERVICE
1632-34 Meadow Street, Frankford
PRANKEORD DIRECTION 01? A GREATER I'll I I.AIM-I.l'll I A
Snmtrr UnrBtrft Olmnymut
"Made in Frankford"
1615 Foulkrod Street
George R. Dugan
102 FRANKFORD DIRECTION OF A GREATER PHILADELPHIA
The Ladies' Committee
Owing to later arrangements which were made
after the contract for printing this booklet was
awarded, a large Committee of Ladies was formed
to work for the movement. It is through their
loyal and efficient work that our celebration is such
We take this opportunity of expressing our
There is on exhibition at the rooms of The Historical Society
of Frankford, 1507 Orthodox Street, the following interesting ex-
A model of the first horse car, also of the spiral ladder used to
ascend to the upper deck of the car used as a trailer, rear of the
dummies, these were invented, made and sold by Thomas Carter,
The large register used in the dummies, a large gong used by the
conductor of the horse car to notify the driver to go ahead.
Public meetings were held in Frankford in 1857 protesting against
building the horse car road on Alain Street, as it would destroy the
quietness of the street.
For several months after the running of the horse car line to
Frankford in 1858, the cars were compelled to stop on Sundays at the
lower part of the town at Adams Street, the reason being that the
noise would interfere with the services in the churches.
Girard's Talk of the Day
If it was worth a song when "Yankee Doodle came to town, rid-
ing on a pony," it is surely worth a celebration when Frankford comes
to town riding on the new L.
A school boy's short essay on the capital of Italy: "Rome was
and is," may be applied to Frankford.
Tt has a past, a present and a future. Being now and for sixty -
eight years past a part of Philadelphia, folks forget that Frankford
has its own history.
It was recorded a century ago that the then oldest inhabitant had
a legend about how Frankford got its name. They said a negro named
Frankford had a ferry across the creek, really a ford, and so Frank's
Ford soon became Frankford.
There i^ <>ne trouble with that tradition. It isn't true. Anyhow,
the creek is labeled Frankford, clear as day, on Holmes' original map
of Philadelphia of 1682.
l-KANkl-okn I)lKhi"Tlo> "I \ GREATER PHILADELPHIA
Not the First
But the Practical Printers of
Quality is the Natural Result
of Our Experience
PRINTERS - ENGRAVERS - STATIONERS
Kinsey and Josephine Streets
A Word To Ye Book Lovers
Drop in and find that book you
have been looking for. Miss Powell
will be glad to discuss your book
problems with you. °% °$
THE BOOK SHOP
5016 Frankford Avenue
WWBMM HE wWBBTftK BE HE WHEWaE imliiiMM M MM urnm M MM M M M M MM !
Adams, 11. S 98
Allen. Wm. E :;;
Alt' & Graham 53
Allwein, Dry Goods 58
Baldwin Dairies "5
Becker, Gustav lis
Boy sen, Thomas 27
Brennian, Joseph, Co 100
Brotherhood of America 99
Bright, John, Shoes 29
Button, Charles II 15
P.n/.by's i irocery 97
Buzby lV Propert 98
Cassidy Bros 29
Carroll, Jos 55
Chaitkin D 96
Corson, R. N 72
• 'orson. Win :;•'>
cocker. George W 5.j
i 'ounsil. W. < I -7
( 'r;iiis, Maud 43
Creighton, Thomas 34
< Iromweli, U. Grant 71
i lurran, .lames 40
Cummings, J ' 'o. ... 52
Cunningham, .lames 9t>
Disney, Charles & Sons 13
l»nrant Automobile 4t>
Dorence Worsted Company HI
Bntwistle, Albert II Km
Eagan, Thomas til
Erankford Bakery 20
Prankford Camera I 'lull 711
Erankford Dispatch -'1
Erankford Business Men's Ass 14
Prankford Gazette 33
l'i 'ankford Mutual Eire Ins. Co 42
Erankford Paint Store •"•<■'
Erankford Real Estate is
Erankford (irocery Co 70
Erankford Trust Com] > 49
Erankford Theatre 2 1
Fischer's Dairies ss
Era nee. Wm. & Son 91
Erankford Bakery 2<i
< ieorge, 1 toward 30
i irui Inger 1 1. T "><•
i loldstein, A 27
Getz, B ">:;
lla.lle.v . ft. G. .V Son -'.7
I [aines, < ieorge 55
Eolcomb, George M 30
Hallowell, <i A 31
Ballowell, Grant 71
I [ennigar Studio 70
Hills Flower shop 27
llohien. N, M. & Brother 41
I I lib Kin-nil me i 'o 12
llarwood. B 97
Jeannisson, E. M 16
Kensington Trust Co 85
Kirst Bros 2-".
Kinkerter Sheppard Co 22
Knorr. Edward B 94
Knorr, Samuel |> 44
Kruger, s 90
Kuhn & Lowery 7"i
I.nl-Tauee Textile Mills 10
I. ever. G. F !l
Lawson, R 72
Leupold, U 11 !i7
l.oinian & Son 51
Lyons, s. s i;::
Markham. .1. C 46
Mayes, E. K 711
McCall, J 37
McCausland, Stationery 4~
McGough, c .1 :;,| cover
Mover. Real Estate 80,81
Murray, Thomas 29
Northeast Chamber <>f Commerce. .. 89
Osborne, George & Son 74
oxford Bank of Frankford 4th sover
Pendlebury iV.- Son 7n
Philadelphia Elect ric Co 8(5
Quinn, John 38
Rimer, < ieorge * »< »
Rose, W. T 94
Etosenberger, .1 u,
Rush Bros "it;
Royle Co., George tin
Sehiaier's Bakery S7
Sehweizer. George 43
Seltzer. Drugs 31
Second Nal Lona l Bank 8
Schofield, Optician *>'_'
Siegfried, II. .1 88
sinn. ( Ieorge A 57
Sinn. John II
Shaw. .John 9
Smed ley Bros. Co 7
Stanger, A. C ."iti
Stewart, Win 11 »>:;
Stuart. Dr. < 'harles 7s
Seitter's Sons, F 90
Swenson, Alvin 2d cover
Swallow. E. 11 37
Taylor. Edward . * »
[Tnitj Building \ Loan Asso U
l niieii Gas I mprovenient 1 "o 89
Weidenmuller, C 50
West. M 9L 1
Williams Brothers, Printers 103
Williams Garage 71
Womlliouse. S. I l!l
1'oung, B 9(i
Zanainger, 1 latter t'>i;
*^\| your^ Prosperity !
"Dost thou love life! Then do not squander time, for
that is the stuff life is made of." Benjamin Franklin, who
said these words, not only understood the value of time,
but put a price on it that compelled others to appreciate
Time is money and therefore if you are squandering it,
you are wasting money. Waste no time and you will lose
no money. Working, saving and putting your money at
work spells Thrift. Be thrifty with your time and deposit
your savings here. SQUANDER NO MORE.
Oxford Bank of Frankford
Frankford Ave. and Overington St.
Thompson and Ash Sts.
5906 Torresdale Ave.
Member Federal Reserve System
Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent
"We Are Here to Serve You"
Phone, Frankford j |?||
CHARLES J. McGOUGH
4744-46 Frankford Avenue
/••»•% y*^-> /.-^iX * •£
*U* °Jflilr ^
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