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'■^ * f I 

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. « 


or THE 

u ^ta^lr 0f ^n^lanC 



Stand fast therefore in tlie liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free^ and be not 
entangled again with the yoke of bonda^ge" — Galatians v. 1. 








Missions, 8, 27, 51 63 

mt from the Maintop 81 

-Pusey ite Parody 175 

mikon : A word to all 

aes 201 

ry Down Voluntary 209 

Collections for the Central 


^ from Protestantism 56 

ider 61 

/onntess of Hantiogdon's 

h, 37, 116, 138,176 218 

I, St. George's Free Church 

;land58, 83, 116, 196 204 

Cleeve Free Church 218 

louth, Free Church move- 
it 103 

•tes on the work of the Free 

h of England 9 

I Free Church 76 

athChurch 177 

aive 231 

^ree Church of England, 37 

;, 116 197 

ith my young Friends, 13, 

1, 110,165 211 

lam. North Place Church 

8 218 

n World and the Orders of 

:3hurch of England 222 

Membership 123 

of God, how designated, 

JIO 226 

and Laity ; or Unity in 

:h Work 41 

Jardens Free Church 37 

onal, the Stronghold of 

ism 121 

ace of Countess of Hun- 

on's Connexion 153 

indents, To, 20, 60, 79, 100, 

140 200 

utions to Society for Spread 
9 Gospel, 20, 79, 100, 120, 

179, 199 220 

ition. Special Meetings of, 
nnual Meeting of 146 

Meetings, 25, 42, 69 86 

as, The Late Bishop 21 


Doing and Getting Good, by Mrs. 
Thoresby 30 

Ebenezer 95 

Ecclesiastical Register, 17, 39, 47, 

57, 75, 96, 116, 138, 159 233 

Editor's Table, 16, 59, 95, 113, 132 145 
Episcopacy of The Free Church of 

England 26 

Evangelical Party and the Free 

Church of England 8S 

Evening Communion 123 

Everton Free Church of England, 

17, 76 218 

Exeter Free Church of England, 76, 

138 218 

Fragmentary Thoughts 69 

Free Church of England — Central 
Fund, 40, 119, 199 235 

Free Church of England and Re- 
formed Episcopal Church 176 

Free Church of England— What it 
is? 1^4 

From Sadness to Gladness, 180, 
172,184 207 

Gilbert Wright, the Gospeller : a 
Tale of the Lollards. By F. S. 
Merryweather, 4, 32, 45, 64, 88, 
106, 126, 154, 166, 188, 212 ... 223 

Give Them Christ 70 

Golden Hill Free Church of England 37 
Gratuitous Circulation Fund 80 

High Wycombe Free Church of 

England, 17 96 

Hint to Teachers 70 

Hollinwood Free Church of Eng- 
land, 37, 96, 116 197 

I am Thy Servant. By the Rev. 

J. B. Figgis 2 

Ilfracombe Free Church of England, 

57, 116 159 

Jesus Liveth 228 

Jottings from our Note Book, 16, 
25, 50, 68, 93, 115, 129, 145, 174, 
195,217 ^%<S 


?m L 

hv.^L, II. zi. ri 

d'.»L"t Cimjitl ... it? 

J,*'.«ttiiiiK*T Jrt* ''.'i-c.i. -jf Ear- 

Sisn Lease 

SfSTuruiBd EijBBBpiJ C^mch^ at 


'it?.'' *'ii« 

i«id, 17- 5:, 5ii. :•:, ::7, i-i.r 

IT7, ISO ij-T 

Laiitf'i Tjtble Tfclk 

i!cQia for Sztnffiifei 

I-.- 1 


Eitsalista ani 1^ Fne Oarah 
of Eaigla^ 15iL 


ing Cireal&tioa of 

lUlrm Leak CLapt^l 

iraa<-A«f<«r (xvanfiaa as iLe Fret 

CfaarcL of EDglasd 

lliddleum, St. St«pben*iC1ia{Kl ... 

M'iolaad DlEtrict Jfeetiiig 

MitAon Wofk in Sum Leone, 27, 

. atiTe Miffdon iK crk u Sitna 

Xttnre'i Voice to Xan 

New Maiden Free Church of Eng- 
land, 82, 58, 77 

Kotioef, 19, CO, 78, &&, 119, 220... 

Obitnarj E. & Hart, 31, Mn. 


One Thousand Ei^t Hundred and 

Seventy Seven 

Oranmore'f, Lord, Letter on Apathy 

of Prelates and Peers 

Orders of the Free Church of 


*' Orders," bj Bishop Sagden...l42, 
Ordination of Free Church of 

England Ministers 

OswaMtwistle Free Church of 

England 38, 96, 117, 

Peers in a Panic 

Priestism at West Hackney 

" Priest in Absolution " 

Priests among the Children 

Piinciples of the Free Church of 

England ,... 

Putney Free Church of Eng^nd J 7, 
88, 68, 77, 97, 118, 139, 178 ... 

4 X 

* t 

Quiet Thoughts— Autumn 




























^ Ifi 

Srinosy for tke &t«id «ff th« Gond, 

Annual Mfletuc 151 

S:«e tho^^te^ ^ 2r«ei tf 

Fiowfss - m 

S^uriiainpifccRi Fraa Clundk of 

EDfl^and, 43^ % 77. 97. 118^ 198 S» 
S>utfaeDd Fne ChawJi <iff JSa^ 

laai, S9 — ^ 78 

Spa FifrUs Clnj^ 18 

Spalding Fraa Ouich of F^wiil 

89, 98. 108, 1«0 ^.^ SU 

SpesldBg Dead— On T^iifc 

Teddmgttm Free Cbonli of In- 
land, 89, 98, 1S9, 161^ 1781...... 

The Teachers 

Thoresby's Bar. T. E., Latten fa 

The Bach M6 

To our Beaden S21 

Topeham Free Chnreh of Enfdbuid 89 
Tollington, Free Cbmoh of £Bg- 
lanf 58, 99 178 

Voiea from Ludmov on tbo Fiw 
Church of Englaiid 18S 

Western District ICeetiiig 09 

Wheelton Free Choxdi of Sngkal 

89, 139, 198 SM 

Whitwell Free Chuzdi of Soghad, 

178 Z^.. IW 

WUeabonragh Free Camroh of Sqg- 

land,40 IW 

Williama, Ee7. S.^ ntiun to Siena 

lieone 199 • ''' 

Wilaien Free Chnreh of *Ensdaad, _ 

19, 40 ZZZ!. IW 

Worcester, Coante« of HuntiBg- 

don^aChufch 1^ 


JANUARY, 1877. 


The New Year comes to you between two companions — the Past and 
the Future. With the Past you are more or less familiar ; with the 
Future your relations are doubtful and mysterious. 

The Past has spoken to you in tender, solemn tones. Like the strokes 
of the passing bell, it has checked the swift current of business and toil, 
has tempered the warmth of your festivities, and has added solemnity to 
your thoughts and devotions. 

The Past, however, is not done with when it has gone. Its recollec- 
tions remain with you. It leaves many legacies of memory : some precious, 
all useful. Of all its features this, however, stands out as the most 
affecting and impressive — it is unalterable. It has gone before you to God, 
and no power can change it. 

It is remembered in connection with this declaration : ^' God shall 
bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be 
good, or whether it be evil" (Eccles. xii. 14). What an aspect this 
gives to every event of your past life ! God does not change its character, 
but He is pleased in mercy, by Jesus, to " put away sin,*' and to " remember 
your sins and iniquities no more.^' There are many things in respect to 
which you may praise Him, but the chief is this — that He says : " I, even I, 
am He that blotteth out thy transgressions yb?- mine own sake, and will not 
remember thy sins ; " and you may say to Him : " Thou hast forgiven 
the iniquity of thy people." So it is with those who part with the year 
in the faith of Jesus ; you stand between the Past and the YvLiure—forgiven, 
The Future is a veiled friend, whom the new year will not at once 
introduce. He is shrouded behind the present, and will only appear when 
the present has become the past, and he himself has changed. You deal 
now with the present, the present only. Yet in this what privilege and 
power are hidden ! You are like a painter standing before the outspread 
canvas, waiting to give each touch of the pencil. The yeat'a 'viot\L'^''^\i^ 


what you make it — a cltefd^ceuvre or a daub. You stand before the year 
as a scolptor before a block of fair marble. Every stroke that falls on the 
head of the chisel may go to make a figure of a demon of darkness or one 
of an angel of light, just as the thoughts of the soul are transferred to 
the material stone. So the life of everyj day — its thoughts, its words, 
its deeds, will tell, an4 the sum of your existence will reveal the beauties 
of a holy life orthe deformities of a sinful one. 

Begin the year, then, with a divine ideal, a holy purpose. Let 
every motive, thought, word, action/ be " in the light." Then, if you 
complete the year on earth, your work will stand out as a year of witness 
for Jesus. If your purposes are broken off, your accomplished work will 
reveal them, and whilst men alone feel what is manifest, God will approve 
both that and what was in the heart. The only safe and happy course 
is to walk with God ; to be hand in hand with Jesus. What joy and 
confidence these words inspire — '' Lo ! I am with you alway." 

The present writes history thus '' He hath been mindful of us ;" and 
utters sure prophecy thus " He will bless us." 

So, dear readers, in view of the Cross and the sp.oiled Tomb, and 
more as from the steps of the Throne, we repeat to you the old greeting, 
" A Happy New Year ! " J. S. 


''Truly, Truly," says David, "I am Thy servant." Can we say the 
same ? Can we say it truly ? Can we say it ^oiih truth f 

Do we not say, in effect, just the opposite? *' Lord, make me safe, make 
me happy, make me good ; bear my sins, carry my cares, comfort my sorrows ; 
but let me keep the control, let me have my wish, let me have my way : not 
Thy will but mine be done." Surely our actions and our attitude, if not our 
utterances, often speak like this ; yet we call ourselves God's servants ! 
What would you think of your servants if they were not to do as you told 
them, but as they thought ; not as you meant, but as they were minded ? 
You would think that they were trying to change places with you, would 
you not ? That they were making you the pervant and themselves the master ? 
How often we wish thus, — to change places with Christ, so as to get from 
Him everything and to give Him nothing : for we do give Him nothing till 
we give Him our will. 

And yet we are the people that pray daily : *' Thy will be done on earth 
as it is done in heaven." Fancy Gabriel wanting his own way and Michael 
grumbling at his position. '* As it is done in heaven." No, indeed, not even 
as it is done in earth. The flowers serve God submissively, the birds obey 
God implicitly ; and yet Christ ;aever died for the flowers, God never gave 
His Son for the birds. Think of this, ye murmurers and disputers, and be- 
come dutiful as they. But you have better patterns than the birds and 
flowers ; you have better patterns than the angels and archangels. You have 
Him whom God so often called His " Servant," and who came down from 
heaven not to do His " own will but the will of Him that sent " Him. And 


wliat is more — muoh more — yon have in Him not merely a pattern but a 
power ; a Being prepared to come dovrn again, to come down into you arid 
possess you with His own Spirit of obedience, and to say in you (as He once 
said for you)," Lo, I come to do Thy will, O God." 

Once you are possessed of His presence you will be able and willing to 
say, '*Teuly, truly, I am Thy servant." 




-A. PAVER, signed " Thomas Hugo," dated from the Rectory, Stoke 
^Newingtoo, and addressed to the congregation of the Parish Church 
of 'West Hackney, has been put into our hands. It is professedly a 
warning against an announcement which appears to have been made in the 
parish that a building to be called Christ Church was about to be erected, 
in which Church services were to be^held and the doctrines of Evangelical 
truth preached. We can imagine that to a rigid Anglican like Mr. 
H'lgo, such a movement would be very displeasing ; but it is seldom that 
we have read anything — coming from the hands of a professed minister of 
Christ — so offensive to good taste and Christian feeling as this precious 
^^'^oftieau. Allowing for the warmth of a temper that seems to have 
carried him beyond all prudence, we can hardly imagine a gentleman 
writing in a style so scandalously unfair and with such scurrilous abuse. 
'^e know nothing of the promoters of this proposal to erect an Evangelical 
Church at West Hackney, although a writer in the Bock speaks of it as 
* ** Free Church of England," but we are quite sure that somethmg 
^^ght to be done to protect the Church people of West Hackney from 
the priestly arrogance and pretentious claims to sacerdotal power put 
lOrth by the Rector. A mediseyal monk could not have written in a 
*^ore bitter and uncharitable spirit. The paper breathes Romanism in its 
worst phase, and every passage glares with the most imperious priestism. 

patrn'^'^ ^oxa its Pan. 


'^ HiofiSB and higher ! " 
The eagle cries. 
With pulsing pinions 
Cleaving the skies. 

" Deeper and deeper ! " 
Thunders the river ; 
Downward and seaward 
Plunging for ever. 

" Swifter and swifter ! " 
Shouts the strong sun ; 
His star-girdled path 
Rejoicing to run. 

Higher, aye Truthward, 
Mind ever soar : 
Deeper humanity, 
Heart evermore. 

Swifter, aye God ward, 
Hasten, O soul ; 
Seeking in Him 
Eternity's goal. 

Philip Norton. 


Chapteb I. — The Villagb of Studmobe and the Monks op Goeyleyk. 

England four hundred years ago was a very different country from the 
Enghind of to-day ; but four centuries have wrought but little change 
in the scene associated with our tale. The quiet Hampshire village of 
Studmore has not even to this day been invaded with the iron tramp of 
modem civilization. Across the moor, almost hidden among trees of mighty 
girth, it seems to have escaped the keen eye of speculators. It is but five 
miles from the railway station, yet the white stone cottages with their 
thatched roofs retain all their picturesque beauty and primitive incon- 
venience. If great great grandfathers of past generations could rise from 
their resting-places in the churchyard, they would find but little change. 
The old farmsteads in which they lived and kept hospitality are there ; the 
very oaks under which they made sport, and danced with the village maidens ^ 
are yet spreading out their branches over the same spots, and look fresh in 
their verdant spring leafage, as if they had no thought of old age or death. 
The lanes and grassy avenues, narrow and twisted and skirting the stiff 
corn lands of Studmore are as cool now in summer, and as muddy and 
impassable in winter, as they wore in the days of the second Edward ; those 
high hedge-rows, not so common then as now, but much valued by the swains 
of Studmore as love screens, are still the nestling homes of early primroses, 
and violets, and nodding daffodils ; and the sweet spring perfume of those 
lovely old-fashioned lanes would call back to those great great grandfathers 
pleasant and tender memories of plighted faith, and gentle wooings in the 
merry May days of their youth. 

Yes ! it is a pretty English sc^e, and not without its historical interest. 
Bising amidst that cluster of trees, over the clear trout stream that glistens 
like a streak of molten silver, and runs so smoothly along the southern 
boundary of the village, you see staring out from the dark foliage the ruins 
of an old tower of grey bare- withered stone. It is a lonely weird-looking 
place, forsaken by all save bats and owls ; even the confiding ivy has refused 
to hide with her generous tendrils the grim decrepitude of this gaunt and 
forbidding ruin. In the village some say that the place is haimted, and strange 
legends are told in whispers over the winter firesides of Studmore peasantry, 
about the dark doings at Greyleye Priory in the latter days of monastic rule. 
And at the time when our story begins — ^that is, in the spring of the year 
of grace, one thousand four hundred and thirteen, when Henry the Fifth 
was king — this power was in full sway. Prior John and his twelve monks 
of Greyleye were the rulers of all the social life of Studmore. The influence 
of centuries of unopposed priestcraft had brought wealth and power to the 
monks. Yeomen who had tilled their lands with honest labour, and had 
scraped together a little store of worldly goods as dowers for daughters and 
widows, and portions for sons, had often been led to change their wills at 
last, and had left larger portions to the monks out of gratitude for liberal 
absolution, and for the remitted penalties of sins that had weighed heavily 
on their souls in the hour of death. Squires and yeomen, and even peasants > 
scarcely emancipated from the serfdom of ancient custom — hardworking and 
poor, were nevertheless taught, according to their varied means, the sacred 
duty of pleasing God by ministering to the temporal necessities of the saints 
at Greyleye. By cunning and superstition, and all the machinery of priest-^ 
ism, under the pretended blessings of confession, absolution, and mass saying, 
the monks had, bit by bit, managed to add to the domain of the Priory 
the best lands of Studmore, had increased their rent roll with some fee fomk 
or quit rent from almost every cottage in the village, had filled their coffers. 


VFith coin, and loaded not only their '* altars " in the chapel, but even the 
groat buffet in the common dining-hall of the Priory, with gold and silver 
plskte in such gorgeous profusion as to strike all beholders with reverent 
r^^ard for the power and greatness of the monks of Greyleye. 

And these wealth-grasping monks were the representatives of Christianity 
a^ Studmore, and not only at Studmore, but very much of all England in 
tfci.^ year 1413. Light, indeed, was beginning to break through the clouds, 
an<i Wickliffe, that early star of the' Reformation, had shone with a bright- 
n^»s« that had warmed some hearts with hope and caused other hearts to 
irLtiher out of very fear because of those better and happier days that were 
piropbesied to come. 

The village of Studmore was built chiefly of stone, and was inhabited by 
a -^rery simple class of people. The accommodation of even the best houses 
seldom exceeded a living room and a dormer above, but at either end of the 
vilXage there was a house of more pretentious features. The one at the east 
eixd was the ''great house " of Studmore, and, besides its capacious dining- 
hall, had seveial rooms on the ground floor, with many dormers and a guests' 
ciKiMnber above. Its front abutted upon the main street, but behind there 
were gardens and apple-orchards, and a charming look-out over the meads. 
Tbe interior was furnished in a style that bespoke hospitality, and with 
m&ny comforts which in those days were regarded as innovations upon 
anoient custom. The arrangements of the dining hall, however, were truly 
English in their plain severity— the floor was covered with green rushes, and 
the tables were mere boards and trestles of rough carpentry work. The 
windows were unglazed, and only slightly protected with lattice work. But 
leading out of the hall and raised above its level by two or three steps was 
an. apartment, which in the early part of the fifteenth century was rarely 
fotmd except in the homes of wealth. This was the speaking-room or 
parlour, and, luxury of luxuries ! it had a chimney, up which ascended the 
■moke from a cheerful sea-coal fire on the hearth. A sunny, cozy, bay 
window, with its leaden casement glazed with small lozenge-shaped panes, 
half hidden with a curtain of needlework, made the room bright and cbeerfuL 
There must surely be some one else living here than old Anthony Barton, 
or why those Flemish chairs, that steel mirror, that carpet before the fire,^ 
•ad those other nicnacs and " new-fangled notions " from over seas ? 

Tes ; although at the time when our tale begins there lived in this com- 
fortable home Master Anthony Barton, sometime miller and fell-monger, 
but now gentleman and churchwarden of Studmore, there also lived there 
Alice Chatfield, his niece. 

To know Alice was at once to understand all the many indications ot 
irefinement that appeared in the more private recesses of AJnthony's home. 
Her sweet and gentle spirit found its greatest joy at home. Her pleasures 
uid her musings, her tastes and hopes, were of that quiet order that finds 
its sphere of happiness in domestic life. An unendowed orphan, she had lived 
^^ her bachelor uncle from early childhood. He loved her with a father's 
^^erness, and she returned his affection with all the devotedness of a 
™ghter. Irritable in temper, of strong will and indomitable obstinacy of 
■pint, Anthony was ever kind and indulgent to his niece. Her open guileless 
^we, her sweet smile and cheerful voice, had a marvellous influence over 
"^ Qncle, and soothed his rugged and wayward temper into gentleness and 
P®*^' Nor was the person of Alice less attractive than her manner. She 
^M neither tall nor handsome, critically speaking, and, according to the 
^^onB of beauty, there was scarcely a feature in her face that could be 
PJiioonced correct, and yet she was inexpressibly lovely, winning her way 
mto the heart by a sweet genial smile of purity and good nature, that ever lit 
^ with the radiance of real beauty, that fair young face, making her blue eyes 
°^^ with tenderness, and her lips laugh with bewitching sweetness. 

Anthony Barton, now somewhat advanced in years, hs^ been «. ig»TQ^^^xcysi^ 


man. Keen-witted, he had worked hi& way from a miller's boy to be an 
important person in the little world of Studmore. He was reputed to be 
a stem man, not given to much tenderness of feeling ; he seldom, indeed, 
was known to change his mind, and he had little charity to those who did. 
He loved the old ways and old things, and had deep contempt for new ways 
and notions, and it was only by a sort of compromise between principle and 
feeling that, out of his love for Alice, he had permitted many of those little 
domestic luxuries to which we have alluded, to invade the time-honoured 
customs of home. He was withal a religious man, having the most obsequious 
reverence for the priest and the Church. His knowledge, however, was far 
below the level of his zeal. He was most devout at public worship, yet he 
did not understand a sentence of the Latin prayers chanted at matins and 
even-song. But Anthony lived in a dark age, when religion was a religion 
of formalism, and when the ministry wa^ a ministry of priests. 

Not that religous matters had as yet much disturbed the mind of Anthony. 
He would have regarded it almost as Kacrilege on his part to question for 
one moment the teaching of Prior John, or the doctrines contained in the 
homilies with which Master Koger de Whyttenham, the easy-conscienced 
Vicar of Studmore, sometimes treated his parishioners. His reverence for 
the Church was implicit — ^he placed his soal entirely in her keeping, and 
if her authorised priests couldn't save it, things, he would have thought, 
must have come to a pretty pass indeed ! 

/ Old Anthony could do that which very few in Studmore could do — ^he 
could read ; yes, and write his own name, and even indite a short letter, if 
needs be, without resort to the monks of Grey ley e. Besides, on a little shelf 
in his cozy parlour were two or three volumes of Romaunce, and a learned 
** Boke on the Crafte of Medycyne ; " these were rare treasures, and at once 
stamped Anthony as a scholar in the eyes of the Studmore folk. 

But although he oould read and write, Anthony knew nothing of the 
Bible. He had heard that in the library at Greyleye there was a great 
book written on vellum in old Saxon tongue, which was said to be a nearly 
complete copy of the Old Testament, from Genesis to Job, and he had heanl 
the Vicar sometimes read out of the " Gospel " in church, but he had never 
seen or handled a Bible in his life, nor did he wish to do so. He was quite 
content to hear it read in Latin by Roger de Whyttenham, and what buAiness 
had he to pry into matters that, as Prior John said, had been entrusted 
solely to the keeping of the Church ? 

But the religious notions of Master Anthony were, at the opening of our 
t«le, to receive a rude shock. As he went early to church on that bright 
May morning, in the year 1413, with sweet Mistress Alice at his side, he 
little thought what a sad spirit of naughtiness and heresy had entered the 
X)eaceful village of Studmore. 

The little church of St. Bditha adjoined the Priory. It was then a 
comparatively modem building, somewhat plain in its exterior, surmounted 
with a turret containing a single bell. Upon the interior much grotesque 
decorative art had been lavished ; carved cupids, or angels or infant demons, 
or whatever they might be, were all over the church, smiling or grinning, 
or making ugly faces to the astonishment and distraction of the village 
children, while the carving and gilding of the chancel and rood screen, the 
paintings, the crucifix, the glittering plate on the altar, and the gaudy 
dresses of the priest, made St. Editha on holidays as ' good as a show, and 
set the simple village folks gazing during service time with wonder and 

As old Anthony and his neice approached the wicket gate of the church- 
yard, they were met by one to whom they appeared on very friendly terms. 
He was a man of thirty, or perhaps thirty-five, years of age. He was tall, 
and, although dressed as a simple yeoman, there was a something in his 
manner and bearing that stamped him as one of Nature's gentlemen. The 


Ileal* ty greeting from Anthony, and the quick changing blush on the face of 
Ali<^G, indicated something more than common regard. These signs of 
friodiAdship were fully reflected in the open manly face of Gilbert* Wright, 
who 9 having raised his cap, greeted Master Barton with a hearty ^'good 
moK-row," and then, taking the prof erred hand of Alice, pressed it and held it 
as ±€ loath to part with it, as he said : 

^ ' Sweet Alice, I see thou hast been in the garden this morning, and 
brotaght away the bloom of the early roses." 

* * Nay, nay, Gilbert." said Alice, blushing, as if to prove her lover's 
«tal:i^ment^ << thou art always a flatterer." 

* *• Flattery ! then truly the strictest truth must be the greatest flattery, 
lor "Uiou art sweeter than all the roses in the world. But, Master Anthony," 
and. over the countenance of Gilbert passed a cloud of sadness, '^ I hear there 
is ackcl news abroad." 

* * News ! whence ? what about ? " inquired Master Barton. 

** A mandate fi'om the Council came by special messenger to Master 
Wtkyttenham yesternight. Search, I hear, is to be made for any Lollards 
larlcxng in the village, or for any writings of Master Wycliffe." 

** Ah ! I have heard nought of that," exclaimed Anthony, as he hurried 
on 'before. 

The rose tints suddenly left the fair cheek of Alice, and now with a 
trembling, timid voice, she inquired if any of their friends were suspected. 

** No, Alice," said Gilbert, '*I believe not. Simon the smith and John 
of ]Brenton were seen with the Lollards at Andover last Eastertide, and the 
man.lfs have had an eye upon them ever since, but there is nothing more 
against them. No, Alice, 1 think we are safe." 

* * TTe, Gilbert ! Why to hear you talk any one would think you classed 
yotiTTself among the heretics." 

CoS-ilbert was silent, but an expression of sadness, strangely mingled with 
i^T9 passed over hia face. They had arrived at the porch, and there was no 
oppoTtunity for further conversation. 

The service in the church passed off without any unusual occurroncie. Yet 
it yvskB evident that something was to be said or done, for the monks were in 
full^ sittendance, and Prior John sat at the altar, looking out upon the 
exoxt^ment. When the time came for reading the homily, instead of Roger 
<^® "^^hyttenham ascending the pulpit. Prior John advanced to the chancel 
8^ J>eL He commenced by reading the mandate from the Council, directing 
^i*^^^nt search to be made for heretical persons called "Lollards," or 
^^^Ospellers," and for any of the accursed tractates and writings of 
^yoliffe ; and then, raising his voice, he launched forth in angry 
deixvinciations against what he called the damnable doctrines of the 

These pernicious fellows," said he " are foxes with firebrands tied to 

ih^lr tails. What right had they to disturb the peace of holy Church by 

t^>ching their devilish doctrines and selling the Gospels among the people ? 

"B^d not the Church warned the faithful against the Bible ? Wo unto ye, I 

8*y,'* exclaimed the Prior, " who dare to read it. If there be any here who 

liave haiboured these writings in their homes, let them bring them before 

tfOiiset to the Priory, or prepare for the anathemas of holy church and the 

p^alties of the law. Ye think I know not ! Beware ! I have an eye upon 

eome of ye ! beware, I say, and purge yourselves in the matter, or take the 

(jonsequences of to-morrow's quest ! " 

Had a barrel of gunpowder exploded in the church there could aci 
jiave been greater consternation among the folk of Studmore. As the peo] 
JefK they congregated in little knots, and talked with many signs of fear 
trembling of the threatening words and warnings of Prior ^ John, — for Prit 
John was a holy man, but hard and stem, and knew no pity for Keifti 

(To be continued,) 

The question as to the Orders of the Free Church of EnglBud stilt 
continues to excite much clerical uneasiness, not only among Ritualists^ 
but, we are sorry to see, among some professed Evangelicals. Yery 
dignified little vicars of very small parishes are miserably afraid lest their 
parochial authority should be endangered^ and in their selfish eagerness to 
prove that their " Orders " must somehow or other be better than ours, 
seem quite to have overlooked the historical narrative of the English 
Episcopate. Perhaps they will read up their Church history ; they will 
then see that they are arguing upon very dangerous premises, for if the 
Orders of the Free Church of England are invalid because of some slight 
informality (which, however, we deny), so also must be the orders of the 
Church of England. Historically speaking, and from a Roman Catholic 
point of view, as much doubt may be thrown upon the validity of the 
consecration of the Bishop of London as upon that of Bishop Sugden. 

Itatibt ^issioit W&oxk m Sierra "^tam. 

While labouring in Sierra Leone, it was my happiness to make the personal 
acquaintance of the late Dr. Livingstone, of whom I sought counsel as to the best 
means of advancing the intellectual and religious welfare of the African people. 
He said : ''By all means train native teachers, and establish native schools and 
churches; and, if possible, persuade some of your people to emigrate into the 
interior of the country, and plant Christian villages in the midst of heathenism. ** 
It was also my privilege, very recently, to attend a meeting with Commander 
Cameron, who has been most successful in African explorations, and in his graphic 
description of the condition of the native tribes in Central Africa, quite substan- 
tiated the advice given to me by Dr. Livingstone. 

Now, this is just the sort of work we are doing in Africa ; we Jiave native 
churches, native teachers, and native schools on the West Coast of this grand 
continent. For over eighty years we have had churches and schools in Sierra 
Leone, which, with God*s blessing, have been extensively useful. During this 
long period only two English missionaries have gone out to assist them. They 
now manage their own church and school work, under the guidance of their Super- 
intendent, who resides in England. It will thus be seen that our Training Insti- 
tution, schools, and churches are all native. 

The following Report from Mr. Thomas F. Gamon, the native teacher of 
Waterloo, is a specimen of the kind of work we are carrying on in some African 
villages. He says : " My heart glows with gratitude to Almighty God while I 
write to inform you that at no former period did our school here wear so en- 
couraging an aspect as at this time : negligence and stubbornness have given way to 
punctuality and humility." After stating that the number in bis schools is 241, 
and specifying the course of instruction given by himself and the mistress of the 
girls, he goes on to say : **I am also glad to report that Mr. Williams, the Society's 
agent, visited us lately. He preached on the Sunday to large congregations, and 
on the Monday examined our schools in reading, writing, and arithmetic in a most 
patient and painstaking manner. The examination was most satisfactory. We 
render our hearty thanks to the friends in England for the Training Institution, 
which is a great blessing to us, and will continue to be an unspeakable boon to our 
chur ;bes and schools. The teachers and children always pray that God, the source 
of all good, may grant long life, and happiness to ull the friends of Africa. The 
Bible is our text-book in the advanced classes. May the Holy Spirit apply the truth 
of the Gospel to the hearts of our people, that soon 'the righteousness of Zion 
jijsj' £0 forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a iamp that burneth.* " 


An interesting service was held not long ago in St. Mark's, Waterloo, to present 
a testimonial to Mr. Thomas Caudell, who has been the head manager and preacher 
for about forty years. 

Mr. S. Williams may visit England next midsummer ; he is an educated, intel- 
ligent man, also a good iluent preacher and speaker. Should he come amongst us, 
it is to be hoped he will have aa opportunity of pleading for Africa in all our 
dinrcbes and schools. J. Trotter. 

St. Faul's Parsonage, Wheelton. 


Delivered at the Midland Distjiict Meeting, Worcester, 

Nov. 9, 1876. 

The month of November is remarkable in the history of this nation, of 
Protestantism, and of the Free Church of England : — 
On November 10, 1483, Martin Luther was bom. 
„ „ 17, 1558, Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne. 

„ 6, 1605, the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot. 

„ „ 5, 1689, WilUam III. landed in England. 

„ „ 9, 1841, the birthday of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. 

„ „ 10, 1873, Greorge David Oummins, D.D., Assistant-Bishop 

of Kentucky, seceded from the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in America, and hence was 
developed the Reformed Episcopal Church 
which is in union with the Free Church of 
And to-day, the anniversary of His Royal Highness's birth, he (the speaker) 
had for the first time the privilege of meeting the clergy of the Midland 


In order to understand the Free Church of England, it was necessary to 
go back to the last century, when such apathy existed in the Establishment. 
Then it pleased God to raise up such men as Whitefield, Wesley, Romaine, 
Toplady, Venn, Harvey, Berridge, and Fletcher ; and that noble lady, 
Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, whose private chapel, capable of holding 
some 3,000 people, at Spa Fields, was opened in the year 1779. The aim of 
Lady Huntingdon was not dissent, but to promote evangelical truth, and 
amongst the darkest days in the history of England's Church are those on 
which any man or woman has had to leave the Establishment in defence 
of the good old paths of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 

The first mention in print of the name "Free Church of England" 
occurred in the Countess' " Circular " during the year 1848, and for that 
name we are indebted to "Japheth," who is, he believed, the Rev. T. 
Dodd, the worthy Secretary of the Midland District. 



of the Liturgy and services of the Church of England have worked effectually 
to the leavening of the Church itself ; that obsolete words and expressions 
of doubtful meaning in the Prayer-book have been so intrepreted as to pro- 
mote, to an alarming extent, a sacerdotalism which is much to be deplored ; 
that the Prayer-book, which, interpreted by the Bible and Articles, is 
distinctly Protestant, is, when explained by the Fathers, as distinctly 
sacerdotal. To counteract the evils arising therefrom was, he thought, the 
dietinct work of the "Free Church of England movement," which hQ 


regarded as distinctly a Church movement^ promDted by those who are in 
sympathy with the Church of England, as her Liturgy and Articles are 
interpreted in the light of Holy Scripture, and he thouj(ht further that this 
movement, ri<?htly used, might, under God, result in proving acceptable, not 
only to many Evangelical Church people, but also to many others who are 
willing to hav«^ a Liturgy from which all sacerdotalism is eliminated. 

On June 24, 1863, the Deed Poll of the Free Church of England was 
published, and from it he learnt that the ** Basis of the Beligions Doctrines 
and Tenets of the Free Church of England is the Bible." The Free Qhurch 
of England is therefore based upon a free and open Bible, is free from State 
patronage and control, is free to revise her Book of Common Prayer, is free' 
to elect her own Bishops, and is free from sacerdotalism. She is a 
Liturgical Church, using a Revised Prayer-book, which has been compiled 
by Church people (the Prayer-book Revision Society), and exists for the 
bene^t of Church people, who, through Ritualism or other sacerdotal causes, 
are driven from their dear old mother — the Church of England. 

There is one cry sometimes raised against the Free Church of England 
which it would be well to consider, and that is the cry of *' dissent." When 
the Church of England at the Reformation threw off Rome's errors, the 
same cry was raised against her. Members of the Church of England are 
now in the eye of Borne, not only dissenters, but also schismatics and 
heretics. To throw off error is neither dissent, schism, nor heresy. Dissent 
from error, approaches very nearly to adherence to truth. And, as the 
Church of England at the Reformation, or might he say at the beginning 
of the Reformation, dissented from the errors of Rome ; so the Free Church 
of England now, by completing the Reformation (tlirough a Revised Prayer- 
book), has dissented not from the Church, but from Sacerdotalism, which 
has, alas, too much foundation in some of the Church's formularies. The 
Pree Church of England, while she rejects ScK^erdotalism in every form, is 
altogether one with the Church of England, so far as the Church of England 
is one with the Word of God. Having dwelt upon the Church's scaffolding 
as contrasted with the building, he said that this led him to say a word upon 
the subject of "orders," and when he spoke of " orders," he distinctly 
meant their Episcopal orders. The Bishops of the Free Church of England 
have received their orders through the Bishops of the Reformed Episcopal 
Church in America ; these, again, from the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
America ; and these, again, from the Church of England. 

On February 4th, 1787, the Revs. White and Provoorst were consecrated 
by the Archbishop of Canterbury, as ** Bishops of the Episcopal Church south 
of Connecticut," and on September 19th, 1/90, the Rev. James Madison 
was consecrated by English Bishops to be Bishop of Virginia. On November 
15, 1866, the Rev. George David Cummins, D.D., was consecrated Assistant- 
Bishop of Kentucky, by seven Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
America. On November 10th, 1873, Bishop Cummins gave notice of 
secession, and was subsequently, according to the Canons of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, deposed on June 24, 1874 ; but, between those dates, the 
Bev. Charles Ewd. Cheney, D.D., was elected bishop (December 2, 1873),and 
duly consecrated by Bishop Cummins, etc., at Chicago, December 14, 1873. 

The Rev. Edward Cridge, B.A., Cantab, was subsequently consecrated by 
tb^ co-Bishopa of Bishop Cummins, and Bishop Cridge having visited 
Bngjand this year, consecrated two of the Clergy of the Free Church of 
England — vi2^. Bishops Price and Sugden. Consecration being the official 
delegation of authority by one bishop to another, the validity of their 
"orders" in a direct line from the See of Canterbury, cannot be logically, 
legally, or ecclesiastically set aside. 

The speaJter then dwelt upon the admirable manner in which the work of 
the laifywas developed in the Free Church. of England, and concluded his 
address thus : — 


*^ And iK>w^ brethren, as a clergyman (son of a clergyman, nepbew of 
dei^men) whose life's tnditions ha\'e ever been aBsociated with the Church 
of England as by law established, and as a Vicar of that Church, I • wish you 
God speed. You have met with difficulties, opposition, and coldness, but 
the hard has helped you. Thank God for the past, and take courage for the 
future. If our grand old Church (if England were purged from every 
semblance of sacerdotalism, I believe Ihat you would run to her as the child 
to its mother's arms ; but if, on the otiier hand (which I fear, and more than 
fear), the Romish leaven should continue to work, destruction must ensue; 
the Establishment must fall — the Protestant Churchmen therein must seek a. 
refuge. And, as at the Keformation, the nation found a Zoar from Rome in 
the Church of England, so the Free Church of England may yet prove 
another Zoar for those who love an unfettered Bible, a Reformed Church, 
and a pure Liturgy. Thus the seed of your work sown in human weakness, 
but in God's strength, may yet grow and flourish until * the hills be covered 
with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof be goodly cedars.' You are 
now as a Church going forth fully equipped under the banner of the Saviour, 
The cloud has, I believe, led you, and will lead you ; and although at times 
Tou have been hemmed in by the wilderness and shut in by Pihabiroth and 
Migdol, and a Red Sea of difficulty has obstructed your path, while the 
Egyptians pressed upon your rear ; may you all have grace to rest, not 
upon an arm of flesh, but upon the arm of Jehovah. May you have grace 
first to ^ stand still and see the salvation of the Lord which he will show 
you,' and so surely as grace is given to you to wait upon the Lord, so surely 
your strength will be renewed, and He (making the depths of thie sea a way 
for His ransomed to pass over) will say, in almost the last words of sainted 
Bishop Cummins, and which now I repeat from the depths of my heart, * Tell 
ikew, io go forward and do a great work.^ " 

No. IX. — Autumn. 

The bright fresh Spring has come and gone, the Summer and its glorious 
sunshine has passed away, and now the Autumn with its golden beauty is 
slowly departing, though it lingers still, as if loath to go. 

How lovely the calm and restful beauty of these mellow Autumn days ! 
How tender and quiet are the rich warm sunset hues on field and hill, the 
Rowing tints of the woods, the lengthening shadows. 

I love the hazy, dreamy look that Autumn wears ; the russet brown and 
sober grey of the hedges, and the sombre look of the firs and gorse. I love 
the smell of the falling leaves, and the rustling under my feet. 

The young Spring biirst upon us in such lusty vigour, it told only of un- 
tiring strength. The Summer rushed by in such hot, swift haste I had not 
time to c^ch its fleeting pleasures. But the Autumn stole gently on us with 
its golden days and silvery nights, and stayed among us. It was in no hurry 
to go. It gave us a second summer, full of grand rich beauty, cool and 
sweet. Like a tried and trusty friend, it took our hand, and bade us sit and 
rest awhile, and enjoy the good it brought. 

What a change around since I was here in the Spring. How still ! 
Nature is resting after all her stir and turmoil. The harvest is ended, the 
reapers are gone, the fields are cleared. The very birds are hushed. There 

is only — 

The robin-redbreast perclied upon a spray 
Of russet Autumn leaves — both sad and gay ; 
The red sun sinking slowly in the west, 
The breezes hushed, and all around at rest, 
Whilst the sweet songster trills his winsome laj', 
As it' he tried to cheer the parting day. 




Yes ; all is peace. It is like the middle age of life — a g raeiouB, qoiet 
resting-time, before descending into the Winter of old age. Vfe have reached 
the summit. We look back at the toiling and stniggling, and thaok God 
F-e have got so far ; and now we pause and refet awhile, for life is not iD 
turmoil — peaceful, quiet days come between. To most of ns is siven thii 
gracious second Summer in our life, when we can '^commune with our own 
heart, and be still " — when we can ^* remember all the way the Lord our God 
has led us these forty years in the wilderness. " Looking back at the oonfficiR 1 1 
and sorrows past, oh, what memories are stirred — of the times when ouriool 
was filled with bitterness, and we said, ** All these things are against me"-* 
when we *'forgat prosperity.** 

Seemod the earth so poor and TORt, 

All our life-joy overcast. 1^^ 

Yes, and we can remember deeper anguish than this. When ** deep |;^; 
called unto deep, all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me," and we 
groaned aloud : '^Hath God forgotten to be spacious ? Is His mercy dean 
gone for ever ? '' No, no ! '^ He led us forth by the right way, to bring u 
to a city of habitation." And now we can sing : "He hath set my feet 
upon a rock, and established my goings. And He hath put a new song in 
my mouth, even praise unto our God." Then we think of the word that is 
written : ** Thou shalt forget thy misery, and remember it as waters tbat 
pass away. And thine age shall be clearer than the noon-day ; thou sbslt 
Rhine forth, thou shalt be as the morning " (Job iL IC, 17)- So '* He bring*^ 
us unto the haven where we would be." 

Press on though Summer wanoth, , 

And falter not nor fear ; 
For God can make the Autumn 

The glory of the year. 

And now the Winter approaches. Do we dread its dreary days and dax^ 
nights ? Do we fear as we enter the cloud ? Yet why should we ? 

The clouds ye so much dread 

Arc big with mercies, and shall l)reak 
In blessings on your head. 

When I see the withered leaves trodden in the ground ; when I hear ti^ 
solemn evergreens shivering in the wind, and see the bare trees bendi^* 
helpless in the blast ; when I see all Nature stamped with Winter's eo^ 
seal — oh ! then my heart springs up with joy, and my spirit exults. If tl* 
gay Spring made me sad, because I, too, could not put on new life. 
Winter makes me glad. Now it is my turn to rejoice ; for the frost 
snow, the cold and ice cannot roach me, nor arrest my onward 
cannot benumb my faculties and feelings, cannot touch my heart and st 
its warm beating. No ! not only have I life, but, thank God, I have it mo 
abundantly, and "1 will sing and give praise with the best member that 
hfive." ** Awake up, lute and harp ! I will trust and not be afraid ; for t" 
liORi) jEUovAir is my .strength and my song." A. E. P. 

Tm; neat little Church at Ludlow was opened and consecrated by the Eig 
Kov. Bishop rriec^ as Trinity Free Church of Enj^land, on Sunday, Decemb 
Mhy when tlio morniiijjf, afternoon, and evening soi*vices were attended by 
grej^'ations wliicli iilhul ovciy available seat and corner. 

Tlic members residinj^ in Imdlow and neighbourhood have, for rather mi 
llian a year and a-hall", lield their services in the Good Templar Hall, under tl 
Rev. J. Renny, the present Incumbent; and, linding tlieir number graduaUyi 
rreasJng. and a suitable .^ite in the same locality being available, it wasresoivi 


lild a church capable of comfortably seating about 200 worshippers. It is 
>pen building, with stained and varnished seats, pulpit, reading desk, and 
munion table.- It is well lighted and ventilated, and attached to the front 
ion of the roof there is a bell-turret and bell. 

he service was in accordance with the revised Consecratipn Service of the 
e Church of England. The sentence of Consecration was read, declaring 
diurch placed in trust under the Deed Poll of the Free Church of Englaoid. 
J officiating Minister, the Rev. J. Renny, then read the Service for the Day. 
3 Bishop read the Communion Service, and afterwards, ascending the pulpit, 
ivered a sermon appropriate to the occasion, taking for his text 1. Samuel 
L 29 : "Is there not a cause ? " In the course of his remarks the Bishop 
mated that the Free Church was founded by church-people, who, thirty- 
years ago, did not approve of a movement in the Established Church — 
lovement which commenced with Tractarianism, was followed by Ritualism, 
had since developed into Sacerdotalism, or the religion of the priests, 
a proof of the progress which the Free Church was making in the 
hem, eastern, and midland comities of England, he observed that the 
>le who approved of its principles were greatly on tte increase, and that 
number of churches was increasing in proportion with the increased 
iber of worshippers. 

t the afternoon service the preacher was the Rev. J. Renny, who selected 
tie basis of his discourse Psalm cxviii. 25 : "0 Lord, I beseech thee, send 
prosperity." In the evening the sermon, by Bishop Price, was preached 
I St. John i. 46: ** Come and see." Miss C. E. Smith, MUl-street 
>il of Mr. R. Bartholomew), officiated at the harmonium during each 
ice, and played selections from Mozart, Mendelsolm, Haydn, and Handel. 

Cfeats toit^ Pg §onnQ Jfmnbs. 


* A HAPPY New Year, my dear ! a happy New Year !" On all sides, with a 
^ry ring of sincerity and love, one to another, young and old, were these 
I words addressed. Ah ! and with a heartiness enough to stir up hope where 
d, so far as this world's comfort is concerned, had well nigh died out. 
re is something in a joyous, happy greeting, that rings like church bells, 

sound as pleasant ; and how catching it is ! Isn't joy always so ? Only 
Le, and see if the reflection of it doesn't dance like a sunbeam on other 
8. Only laugh a good, honest, real laugh, and you will see the most 
tian faces relax, and grin and dimple in spite of themselves. Try it, my 
c young friends, try it ; but to be genuine you must be happ^ within, 
^nd on a New Year's Day these merry greetings and wishes for good 
i^ to come seem to have a special significance, if we stop a moment and 
^^ about it. The worst of it is, so few of you will stop and think about 

On New Year's Days the thoughts are apt to run off to that smiling, 
>xning, pink- faced doll in a crimson dress, or to that stunning Noah's Ark 
oUy new game from the Lowther Arcade. And so New Year's thoughts 
^iirawn away to New Year's gifts. Well, well ! so it used to be with me. 
^in I was a little boy, on Christmas Day or New Year's Day, and such 
X days and holidays, I never could keep my thoughts reined in as I used to 
^ in Tom and Harry Sparks when we were playing at horses. Oh ! when 
^ pranced didn't I — well, well, but that wasn't what I was going jfco say ! 
^ow let's be serious a bit, and have a few minutes' chat about " new 
*^8." All young people are fond of new things. Just recall to mind the 
X>ie8t moments of your life ; and are they not associated ^ith.&oxck!&^\vYCL^ 
'' ? A new toy,, a new hook, r new pair of knickerDOck.QiB, at ^xiqtt \>^-^ 


sifter. What a joy there Ib in thingft bright, and fresh, and new ! And 
your new things ; what did yon do with them ? ^ow, if you are honest, 
you will admit that you generally very soon spoilt them. That Christmas 
toy ; wasn't it broken before New Year's Day ? That handsome book ; isn't, 
it turned down at the comers already, like dog's ears ? As to those knicker- 
bockers'—look at the knees and the nethermost parts. And the dear littLs 
baby sister ; — how many times have you teazed it and made it cry already 1 
And so I'm afraid it too often is with those new resolutions and plans for 
the better that older people sometimes make at the beginning of new yearsk 
It's marvellous how many people foiir a time wish to do right, and how very 
good they are in their intentioiis. But somehow or other, like you, my young 
friends, with your '^ new things," they spoil them as soon as they begin to use 

To be candid, I feel some uncomfortable twinges myself as I write. 
Certain good resolutions made on past new year's days are sad subjects to 
think about, now that the hour and opportunities are fled. What a blessing 
it is that there is a pardon for these shortcomings, and that He who knows 
our weaknesses and our temptations has given you and I another opportunity 
to try .again. 

I hope you will all think of this, and not only turn over " new leaves," 
and make new resolves, but pray that you may have strength to keep them. 
That, dear young friends, is the great secret of success. 

But as regards ourselves — you and I, I mean — ^lei us take counsel 
together, for I want you to help me. 

Let me tell you I am fond of young people. I love their society, and the 
bright, sunny freshness of their ways. I love to hear them laugh, love to 
see them romp and play, and their noise never disturbs me. No wonder, 
then, that I like to chat with them. Some of them I meet every Sunday in 
a certain school, some few I teach there, and we spend some very happy 
hours together. But there are a great many who read this Magazine whom 
1 never see ; perhaps never shall see in this life. I've often thought of 
them, and how I should like to know them. But they are too numerous to 
call upon or to write to singly, even if I knew their names and addresses. 
Why, they are scattered over the country far and wide, from Land's End to 
John o'Groats ! There are hundreds of them in Lancashire ; and when, some 
time 8if^Oy I paid a visit there, many a bright-eyed lass and saucy young rogue 
whom I saw spinning in the cotton mills, gave me a smile that I haven't for- 
gotten to this day. Yes, all over England ; ah ! and in America, and in sunny 
Africa, the Magazine finds its way into homes where there are young people, 
who tiu:n over the leaves to see if there is anything /or them. 

Ah ! my young friends, 1 must own it ! With aJl my thoughts of you in 
other ways, I haven't thought of you in the Magazine. There has been 
some solid stuff for Father, and now and then a good sermon for Mother's 
Sunday reading, but very little for you. 

I saw it at once, when a dear friend who has often addressed you, who is 
famous not only in Worcester, but in all the Free Churches of England, for 
his genial love for young people and for the happy success with which he 
lalks about their Sunday-schools — I say, I saw it at once when he pointed 
out to me that I had forgetten to keep a page or two of the Magazine for 
the young. 

Why, it's the very thing I have been longing for ; the opportunity of 
a little chat with my young readers. flenceforSi let us talk together in 
these columns. Let us know each other better. But there must be two to 
a bargain. If I talk, will you listen ? If I promise to find something for 
young people in the Magazine, will you help me to make it known to them ? 
'* O yes, that I will," exclaimed one little girl, to whom I read the proof. 
" But how can 1 make it known ? " 
" Oh^ easj enough, my dear," said I. 


"But how?" 

"Why, when you find anything that please* you, read it to your young 
friends, or lend them the Magazine.'* 


" Well, the next time they take their tickets to the table at the Sunday- 
School on magazine day, very likely they will ask for the Free Church of 
England Magazine, and so become one of my young friends with whom I 
hope often to have a chat. '* 


" Tom, Tom ! why dyou tinker like that ? Drive it home lad, drive it 
home ! " 

Tom was doing what most lads like to do— carpentering a bit, and making, 
as young amateurs will, a rare noise as he hammered lustily at the nail. 

" The wood is so precious hard," grumbled Tom, by way of an excuse. 

As I overheard this I began to think about this passing circumstance 
in reference to a certain lesson that I had on my mind for next Sunday. As 
«very teacher knows, some of the best illustrations for Bible teaching are to 
be thus gleaned from the common incidents of every-day lif e, and I thought to 
myself. All ! there's a hint for me here, " Drive it home — drive it home ! *' 
Tes, yes ; my lessons, sure enough, are like the nails, and the scholars are 
the wood. Not very complimentary, I must own, to my scholars. Wooden 
heads indeed ! I wonder what they would say to that. But then, when we 
are thinking we are apt to be very matter of fact, and don't stop to be polite 
and complimentary to the unconscious subjects of our thoughts. 

As a teacher, how many Scripture lessons I bad been for months and years 
tvying to hammer into my young friends, and yet how few seemed to ** hold,'' 
or, as a mechanic would say, ** bite." What could be the reason ? Was it 
that the nails were blunt ? Was it that the hammer was weak ? Was it that 
the heads and hearts of my scholars were as wooden blocks, eh 1 Or was it, 
conscience whispered, that your manner of handling the tool was weak and 
unskilful ? Conscience somehow or other is generally very pertinent in her 
quiet questionings, and, after a little struggle with the pride of self, I was 
obliged to own that she at any rate, so far as that question went, had driven 
it home. 

Yes, no doubt about it, it was my unskilful handling of the means placed 
in my way. There was the bright, true, powerful Word of God, the Word 
of the Spirit — mighty to do wonders in the hearts and brains of my pupils ; 
but from my weak and uncertain handling the truths had not been 
driven home. It is not always very pleasant to thus discover one's own lack 
of skill, or one's own shortcomingH. But it is wholesome, and these passing 
reflections do us good, especially when we are able, as I was in this case, to 
get a practical hint towards improvement. I'll tell you what that was. It 
is all very well to say, ** Drive it home," but no nail is driven home with the 
first blow. Use ever so much skill, ever so much power, whether by amateur 
or mechanic, it always takes more than one blow to drive a nail home. Like 
Captain Cuttle, I mentally made a note of that. Whatever I have told my 
scholars of Bible trnth, thought I, whatever fact, historical or narrative, 
whatever great principle or simple precept of the Gospel I have told them, 
FU tell it again. I'll strike on that nail of truth another blow, ah ! and 
another and another, until I *' drive it home." 

Seriously, I believe half our failure in Sunday-school teaching is because 
we don't repeat simple truths often enough. We think because this fact or 
that truth is so self-evident to us, it is surely not necessary to t^ll \Jk. o'«i«t 


again. Alas ! that is a great mistake. As a role, depend upon it, it is the 
plain, simple truths of Christ's free and hlessed Grospel that are the most 
difficult to receive, and the soonest forgotten, and need repeated applications 
to drive them home, 

^oihtQB fxom out ^ait-'^aak 

A MOST excellent likeness of Bishop Sugden, in his episcopal robes, 
has heen taken hy a photographer at Spalding. 

The Reformed Episcopal Church at Ottawa is gaining ground. The 
Churchwarden of St. John's, of which the Anglican'bishop is the Rector, has 
lately joined the Reformed Church. He is one of the foremost laymen in 
the city of Ottawa. 

The Rev. R. X. S. Kelly has written a letter to the Rock, in which he 
calls into question the validity of Church of England " Orders." - Of course 
he writes as a " Roman Catholic," but his letter is a sharp reply to the 
captious remarks of soxne correspondents in the Rocky about the Free Church 
of England and its Bishops. 

We deeply regret to record that the Rev. D. Horscroft who recently 
applied for admission into the ministry of the Free Church of England, and 
who has preached in many of our pulpits, died suddenly at the Railway 
Station, Finchley Road, on November 23rd. Mr. Horscroft was much re- 
spected and beloved by all who knew him. 

The Free Church of England Magazine may be obtained at Hounslow, 
Isleworth, Barnes, Putney, and other bookstalls on the South- Western 
Railway. This is through the kind interest taken in the Magazine by one of 
our subscribers. Will not other friends help its circulation by placing a few 
copies on the bookstalls of their own neighbourhoods ? 

The Rev. C. Rumball, Vicar of Littlehampton, writes to assure the 
public that the Free Church of England recently opened in his parish, has 
not decreased the attendance in his new church. He states that the 
supporters of the Free Church of England are chiefly those who have not- 
attended the Parish Church for years, and of others who have "either 
wandered about to neighbouring churches, or attended the Congregational 
Chapel." The Editor of the Rock justly asks, " Who caused the sheep to 
wander ? " 

C^^ (giritor's Cable. 

The Footsteps of St, Peter ; being the Life and Times of the Apostle. By 
, J. B. Macdupf, D.D. London : Nisbet and Co., 1876. 

All who have read Dr. MacdufiTs " Footsteps of St. Paul " — and who has not ? — 
will be eager to read this companion volume. They will not be disappointed. It is 
marked by careful preparation, extensive reading, and is written with the advantage 
of a personal recollection of many of the localities associated with the life and work 
of St. Peter. The style of its composition is both graphic and pleasing. 

Somiletical Commentary on the Book of Job. By T. Robinson, D.D. London : 

Dickinson, 1876. 

We have never been so impressed with the richness and value of the Book of Job 
as after the perusal of this valuable work. Dr. Robinson, with indefatigable patience 
and keen judgment, has produced a Commentary which csinnot fail to be of the 
greatest practical use to the Student and to the Preacher. The latter, indeed, Mrill 
find in this work valuable hints and varied illustrative material upon every important 
text in this difficult portion of the Bible, drawn from the works of the most eminent 
Biblical scholars and expositors, and rendered still more useful by an arrangement and 
classification almost perfect in itself. 


Hymm of ■ Consecration and Faith, Compiled and Arranged by tlic liev. 
J. MoimTAiN. London : Haughton and Co.,, Paternoster Kow. 

Among the multitude of Hymn-books recently published, this is certainly one of 
the most commendable. It contains the best of our oldest and the choicest of modern 
hymns, with many new pnes written expressly for the collection. We have been 
delighted with the sweetness of some of the tunes, and especially by many of the 
Bev. Mr. Mountain's own composing. "lean trust** (121), "Loving the Holy 
Spirit'* (188), "All is well'* (191), "Jesus Thy life is mine** (264), are among those 
that we have marked as possessing softness and beauty. 

We have two editions of this Hymnal before us. One neatly bound in limp cloth, 
with nearly 300 pages of music, for one shilling and sixpence; the other containing 
the words, printed in double columns, on upwards of 150 pages for one Fenny ! It is 
marvellous how the book can be printed for the money. For Prayer and Mission 
Meetings a better and cheaper book cannot be found. 

[AU commwnications for this department must he sent direet to the Editor^ New 
Maiden, Surrey, not. later than the l'6th of the month^ 

EVERTON. — Emmanuel Free Church op England. 
Tke Anniversary Sermons at this Church were preached by the Revs. 
J. B. Stoneman, E. Quine, and J. Worrall. The Tea and Public Meeting 
was well attended, and large numbers have been present at the recent 
** Special Gospel Services ; " many wrere deeply impressed, and sought 
counsel and prayer. A course of Advent Sermons have been delivered by 
the Rev. J. Worrall. We are glad to hear of cheering signs of spiritual 
growth in connection with this church. A few Sundays ago, no less than 
one hundred persons remained to the Communion. 

HIGH WYCOMBE.— Christ Church Free Church of England. 
We have a cheering report from High Wycombe, and the progress has 
been steady and sure. The congregations are good, and every seat in the 
Church let. 

LITTLEHAMPTON.— Free Church of England. 
On Wednesday, Nov. 22, a meeting was held at the Assembly Room, to 
consider what steps should be taken in building a Free Church of England 
at Littlehampton. R. French, Esq., presided. A Building Committee, con- 
fflsting of Mr. French, Dr. Vines, Captain Hills, Mr. CoUings, Mr. J. 
Kobinson, and Mr. Hammond, was formed, and from the speeches delivered 
^^^ appears every probability of a Free Church of England being speedily 
^ted./ It was announced that JB600 had already been promised towards tiiis 
^ect. "The Bishop, we understand," says the Littlehampton iST^ic;*, ** has 
*|®Jed his wish to do anything if only the errant churchmen of Littlehampton 
?"** go back to their local fold again. But the concern of his lordship, the 
^^'^ of Churchmen, and the abuse of irritated and disappointed opponents, 
^ oome too late. The Free Church movement will go on, and we doubt not 
^^^ prosper." 

- PUTNEY. — Emmanuel Free Church of England. 

^'^^Tent Sermons have been preached on Sunday evenings in December by 

Q*p llev. H. 0. Meyers; and on Thursday evening, December 7, the new 

. S^Ji was opened, on which occasion a Special Service was held. Several 

g^^^s were played by the maker, Mr. CosteUo ; and the Rev. H. O. Meyers 

iLT^ a most interesting address on the " Musical Instruments of the Bible." 

jg^ ?j:e glad to note uie healthy progress of this Church, and the interest 

g^^^ested in it by the congregation, On Sunday, December 10, Bishop 

.^8<len preached in the morning in aid of tiie Free Church of England Exteii- 

«»oa j'^^^ rpjjg collection amounted to 8Z. 2s. 9d. 


A series of Special Services were held, extending from November 22 
to December ;i, 1876, to commemorate the Thirtieth Anniversaiy of tiie 
Pastorate of the Rev. T. E. Thoresby. This commemoration originated with 
the Deacons, having been proposed by Mr. Willcocks. The Ministers 
engaged most cordially in the work, and preached most ably. If the sermona 
delivered were a fair specimen of those ordinarily preached, then London may 
well be proud of her modern pulpit. The following were the preachers : The 
Revs. Dr. Aveling, Newman Hall, LL.B., J. H. Rose, B.A. (Vicar of Clerken- 
well), John Morgan, Dr. Davidson, Dr. Allon, Dr. Parker, E. PaxtonHood, B. 
Oswald Sharpe, A. K. C. (Vicar of the Martyr Memorial Church), and J. Spencer 
Edwards. The services by ^Ir. Rose and Mr. Sharpe were in the Schoolroom. 
Mr. Thoresby preached on the Sundays, November 20 and December 3. The 
services were weU attended, and have done much good. The Anniversary-day 
was the 29th of November, when there was a meeting of the congregation and 
a hearty rally of friends, who took tea, and then spent a very friendly and 
profitable evening together. Mr. Willcocks presided most genially. Th® 
kindest expressions of love and esteem for the Minister filled up the evening- 
The room was most tastefully decorated and brilliantly lighted — ^bringing into 
full and beautiful prominence a goodly array of smiling, pleasant faces- 
Having cleared the debt, the Chairman handed to the Minister one hundre€l 
and sixty pounds, as a remembrance of the day, and added, ** I never did my' 
thing with greater pleasure in my life." The following important Resolution* 
which speaks for itself, was passed : — 

First : That we hereby record our devout and grateful thanks to Almighty GoO. 
for His providential care and gracious blessuig shown to this CongregatioD, not odI^ 
during the thirty years' Pastorate of our present Idinister, but sdso during theearUo^ 
period from the opening of the Chapel, nearly one hundred years ago. The worl^ 
carried on by Lady Huntingdon at this Chapel and other places, chiefly ^y 
preaching Christ to the people, has produced most glorious results in the &^^^ 
revival of religion in the last century, in the Evangelical succession in the Establisbe^ 
Church, in the large multiplication of Places of Worship among the Nonconformis*' 
bodies, and in the spread of the Gospel in far distant lands. The harvest of thi0 
work will be reaped for ever. 

Secondly : This meeting recognizes the Divine providence in the fact that througl>- 
the wise foresight and hberality of the late James Oldham Oldham, Esq., who 
desired to provide for the future of this Congregation, a sum of money, now over 
£10,000 (Stock 44 per cent Dominion of Canada Bonds), part of the proceeds of th© 
sale of the Cobham Kow Estate, now lies available for building a new Chapel. 

Thirdly : That inasmuch as the year 1877, now within one month of its arrival* 
will be the Centenary of the opening of the Chapel, the present time, in th^ 
judgment of this meetiog, offers a most favourable opportunity to adopt measoro^ 
for sach building. 

Fourthly : That for this purpose, namely, building a new place of worship, tii^ 
Committee of the Chapel, always the agency employed for the work here from th^ 
days of the Countess until now, be respectfully but earnestly requested to take im- 
mediate action. 

Fifthly : That the Minister is hereby empowered to make an appeal for donatiooS 
to assist in building the new Chapel (with special reference to the purchase of 9> 
site), and Mr. Willcocks be appointed Treasurer of the Building Fund. 

Sixthly : That in the judgment of this meeting it is most desirable that tbo 
present Spa Fields Chapel should be employed, not only for the continued worship 
of Almighty God as heretofore, but also in vigorous and well-sustained missionary 
evangelistic efforts in the neighbourhood, amidst the dense population of ClerkeH' 
well. And that the Pastor be further empowered to make a further appeal f<>' 
funds for this object, and that all donations or subscriptions obtained for tbiB 
purpose be paid to the Treasurer of the Chapel. 

Seventhly : That the Committee be respectfully requested to call a meeting of the 
Church and Congregation once in six months to report progress, and encourage each 
other in the work, of building a new chapel, and strengthening the old onei to 


cli we now solemnly give ourselves la humility and prayer, for Divine guidance 
. for the presence and power of the Holy Spirit crowning our labours with His 
mdant blessing. 

Che Resolution was moved by tlie Minister ; seconded by Mr. Sims, the 
easurer; supported by Mr. List, Mr. Dix, and Mr. PerHns; and carried 
Miimously. • 

[t is intended that these Services shall be followed by others in the New . 
jar, and that they shall culminate (d.v.) in additional Services in July, 1877, 
celebrate the Centenary of the opening of the Chapel. It was expressed at 
) public meeting by the Minister that the New Church should be a memorial 
Ijady Huntingdon, and that the Tower should be the " Whitefield Tower," 
commemorate her Chaplain, the greatest preacher of modern times. 

WILSDEN. — St. James's Free Church of England. 
)n Saturday, November 25, a large number of the members and Mends sat 
''n in the schoolroom to a substantial tea, provided by the lady-members of 
congregation ; after which a lecture was delivered by the Rev. J. Trotter, 
Wheelton, on a "Voyage to the White Man's Grave." The chair was 
3n by the Rev. J. Bullock, M.A. The rev. Lecturer gave a graphic descrip- 
L of his voyage to Sierra Leone, and the various perils and adventures con- 
ted with it. In the course of his remarks, he bore testimony to the courage 
hose heroic men who had gone out from time to time to preach the ever- 
ing Gospel to the poor heathens in Africa. The lecture was listened to 
5t attentively. Several musical pieces were effectively rendered by the 
oir ; and votes of thanks were passed to the lecturer and chairman. On 
> Sunday following, the Rev. J. Trotter preached in aid of the incidental 


The Monthly Meeting of the Council of the Free Church of England, will be held 
V.) at 3, Westminster Chambers, Victoria-street, Westminster, on Tuesday, 
luary 9th, at 2 o'clock. F. S. Mbbeywbathek, B^on. Sec, 

The Monthly Meeting of the Southern District will be held at 3, Westminster 
ambers, Victoria-street, on Tuesday, January 9th, at 12 o'clock. 


In future all letters, applications, and inquiries, relative to the general work of 
i Free Church of England, should be addressed to Mr. F. S. Meeeywbatheb, Jffon. 
c.. Free Church of England Committee Rooms, 3, Westminster Chambers, Victoria- 
reet, S.W. 


Subscriptions and donations, which are urgently needed to extend the Home 
fotestant Mission Work of the Free Church of England, may be sent by cheque, 
38t-oj05ce order, or stamps, addressed to the Treasurer, T. L. Wilson, Esq., 3, West- 
inster Chambers, Victoria-street, S.W. 

Applications or inquiries relative to the opening of Free Church of England 
srvices in parishes beset with Ritualism and Sacerdotalism, may be addressed to the 
resident or Secretary, of the District to which that application relates. 


All letters, MSS., Books for Review, Notices of Meetings and Reports, should be 
fnt cUrect to the Editor, New Maiden, Surrey. 

Advertisements to J. D. Appleton, 7, St. John's-terrace, St. John's-street-road, 
ondon, E.C. Scale of Prices as follows : One Page, £1 Is. ; Half Page, 12s. 6d. ; 
uarter Page, 7s. 6d. Bills stitched, £1. Short Advertisements, 6A. ^pct Waa, 



Our friends are reminded that all orders for Magazines and Free Church of 
England Publications must he prepaid. We mention this to save trouble to ouraelTes 
and disappointment to our subscribers. 

We ask Superintendents and Teachers in our Sunday-schools to assist us iu our 
efforts to increase the circulation of the Magazine, by making it known in the school 
and in the home circle. We shall be happy to send handbills and specimen numbers 
to those so disposed to help. 




Spa-fields Chapel S. S, — Per Miss Policy. 

Miss Bentley's Class ... 

£0 6 

„ Buckland's „ ... 



„ Clntterbuck's / . ,, ... 



' „ C. Clutterbuck's „ ... 



,, Cleveland's „ ... 


„ Dymock's „ ... 


„ Holland's „ ... 



„ Moncur's „ ... 


„ Mitchell's ,, ... 



„ Nash's „ ... 


„ Policy's 


„ Ridgley's „ ... 



„ Woodward's „ ... 



„ A.M. Woodward's , , ... 



„ Willcock's „ ... 



Friend, per ditto 



Mr. J. Jones' Class 



4 4 1 
WiUesborough. — Per Rev. Dr. Newman. 
Collection 4 13 

Turibridge Wells. — Per Rev. G. Jones. 
Children's Pence after Juvenile 
Missionary Meeting, per Rev. 
G. Llewellyn 8 8 

Great Malvern. — Per Rev. A. S. 
Ofifertory after Sermons by 

Rev. G. Llewellyn 7 10 

Missionary Box at Miss Price's 

School 10 6 

8 6 

Brighton,— Ter Rev. J. B. Figgis, M.A. 
Children's Pence after Juvenile 

Missionary Meeting, per 

Rev. G. Llewellyn 1 1 11 

Collectors' Cards : — 

The Masters Figgis 4 6 

Miss Roberts 6 7 

2 14 6 


Shoreham. — Per Rev. C. Kuowles. 
Collection after Sermon, per 

Rev. G. Llewellyn 10 1 

Bigh Wycombe.— Vev Rev. H. Webb 
Collection after Lecture, per 
Rev. G. tlewellyn 2 9 7 3 9 

C(mtributions, dkc, to he sent to the Treasurer, Mr. Frederick Wm. Willcocks 

MyddelUm Villas^ Lloyd Square, W.C, 

Turibridge Wells. — Per Rev. G. Jones. 
Collection after Sermon, per 

Rev. G. Llewellyn 1 17 6 

Mrs. Bowman 110 

Mr. Davies 10 6 


Mr. H. Rowles.— We do not know of a position likely to suit our correspondent. 

H. Thomason.— The paper has already been printed, and wa do not care to occupy our space with 

mere reprints. 
A Tbachkr.— -TVe thank our correspondent for his kind letter, and for his efforts to make tha 

Magazine known among the members of his class. 
W. H. S.— We have a long indictment from our correspondent against the Magazme—ita omissions 

and its commissions, and almost everything about it. Well, it is very difficult to please I 
P. B. S.— We are not at all surprised to hear that celebacy is advocated by some of the Ritualists 

The whole tendency of Sacerdotalism and Romanism is to degrade the female sex. It was not 

until the beginning of the fourth century that priests were forbidden to marry. The first 

Ecclesiastical law upon this subject was, we beUeve, enacted at the Council of Elvira. a.d. 305. 

when an infamous decree was passed. 


FEBRUARY, 1877. 

Annual €olhttxam fax i\(t Central Jfuntr. 

At the request of the Council we call the attention of Ministers, 
Wardens, and Office-bearers, to Canon I., Section Y., Title 2, and urge 
upon them the desirability of fixing at an early date a day when the 
Annual Collection in aid of the Central Fund shall be made. Due notice 
might then be given in the Magazine of the day fixed upon. 

The observance of an Annual Collection is a duty that in all fairness 
ought generally to be observed. At the last Council Meeting, the 
Treasurer reported the names of the few Churches, that had observed this 
Canon, and contributed to the Central Fund by an annual collection. 
These Churches are not the oldest, largest, or most opulent, whilst some 
of our most flourishing congregations, who have reaped the full benefits 
of our organization, have not contributed a single collection towards the 
Fund, out of which the general expenses of the movement are to be paid. 
This, we presume, has only to be mentioned to be remedied. 

Thkough the kindness of an esteemed correspondent in America, we 
are enabled to present our readers with an admirable portrait of the 
late Right Rev. George David Cummins, D.D., the founder and first pre- 
siding Bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church, a body with which 
the Free Church of England is in close federative union. 

Greorge David Cummins was born in Smyrna, Delaware, Dec. 11, 
1822. He graduated at Dickinson College, Carlysle, Pa., and there 
obtained his degree in the year 1841. He was ordained Deacon by 
Bishop Lee, of Delaware, in October, 1845, and Presbyter by the same 
Bishop in July, 1847. Princeton College conferred upon him the degree 
of Doctor of Divinity in the year 1856. His first parish was Christ Churchy 


.'Norfolk, Va. ; and the last, Trinity Church, Chicago. While in charge of 
Ma parish, he was elected Assistant-Bishop of Rentacky, and was conse- 
crated in Christ Church, Louisville, November 18, 1866, The Bishop of 
Vermont performed the consecratory service, assisted by the Bishops of 
Kentucky (Smith), of Iowa (H. W. Lee), of Indiana (Talbot), of Ten- 
nessee (Quintaid), of Nebraska (Clarkson) and the Bishop of Pittsburgh 

His later history is well known and precious to all who are connected 
with the Reformed Episcopal Church. On the 8th day of October, 1873, 
Bishop Cummins made his memorable address before the Evangelical 
Alliance in the City of New York. Four days afterwards (October 12^ 
he assisted in the administration of the Holy Communion ih Dr. John 
HalFs Presbyterian Church. Little did he or his associates then dream' 
of the eventful issues of that occasion. Soon after appeared Bishop Tozar^s \ 
letter of appeal and complaint to Bishop Potter, of New York. On the 
10th of December, Bishop Cummins sent his letter of resignation to the 
senior member of the House of Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, Bishop Smith, of Kentucky. The latter, on the 22nd of tiie 
same month, responded by a formal notice that in six months Bish<^ 
Cummins would be deposed from his office. 

But on the 2nd of December, 1873, the Reformed Episcopal Churd, 
was organized in the city of New York by seven clergymen and seventeeij 
laymen. Bishop Cummins was elected the Presiding Bishop of the nei 
organization, and Rev. Dr. Cheney the Missionary Bishop of the Norfc.j 
we'st. The consecration of the latter followed on the 14th of the saM 
month, Bishop Cummins performing the consecrating services, aided If 
the other clergymen of the Church. 

Since then his life was given exclusively to the work of extending aod 
.istrengthening the Reformed Episcopal Church. He travelled from 
Oanada to the extreme Southern States, and his eloquent voice of warn- 
ing and appeal was heard throughout America. His theme was ever the 
same — the Cross of Christ — no sacrifice save His ; no altar save that o 

The Editor, both in an official and private capacity, had the privilef 
'Of corresponding with Bishop Cummins on several occasions. " Let i 
.hear from you often," wrote the Bishop, and his letters were warr 
■expressive of a desire that the Reformed Episcopal Church and the F 
Church of England should be " closely united in the good work." 

This good and brave man and truly Protestant Bishop died sudd 
.at Lutherville, on Monday, the 26th of June, 1876. His dying wore 
those who were working in the great and holy cause that he love 
dearly, and for which he had sacrificed so much, were, " Go forward 
•do a grand work." 

Jhe Late JliGHT J^EV. George David Cummiks, p-p-. 


o^i^h li^cttirtg oi ih €ounttL 

The Council of the Free Church of England met at Westminster on Tues- 
, January 9tb, at two o'clock. 

tresent — The Right Rev. Bishop Sugden (in the chair), Revs. H. O. 
yers, T. E. Thoresby, J. H. G. Llewellyn, A. S. Richardson, S. J. C. 
tksee, P. Norton, J. Wilkie ; Messrs. T. L. Wilson, R. Harris, C. Page, 

H. Simms, H. T. Sugden, F. S. Merry weather, Hon. Sec, &c. 
The Auditor reported that the balance to the Treasurer in both funds 
3 £21 lis. 9d. The Treasurer having called attention to the non-receipt 
Annual Collections from the Churches in aid of the Central Fund, and to 
i fact that many of the first annual payments to the Bishop's £5,000 
tension Fund had not been collected, it was — 

Resolved "That the Editor be requested to notiiy in the Magazine to 
) Ministers and Officers of our Churches the desirability of early appointing 
.ay for the Annual Collection on behalf of the Central Fund, in accordance 
bh the Canon." 

It was also resolved "That Bishop Price be requested to kindly continue 
1 efforts on behalf of the Extension Fund, and that he give directions for 
e collection of the outstanding promises." 

An application having been made to the Southern District Meeting by 
e Rev. E. J. Boon for admission into the Ministry of the Free Church of 
Qgland, it was — 

Resolved "That the application be received, and that the usual papers 
> sent to Mr. Boon." 

Notices of motion to be brought before the Quarterly Meeting of Council 

February were given by the Rev. P. Norton, Rev. T. E. Thoresby, and 
ev. P. X. Eldridge. 

A long discussion having taken place as to the position of a section of the 
^angelical clergy towards the Free Church of England, it was unanimously 
Solved " That a letter be addressed to Lord Ebury, suggesting a Conference 
tween members of the Revision Society, the Council of the Free Church of 
Jgland, and clergy of the Church of England, as to the best means of pro- 
>ting the interests of the Evangelical Protestant Christianity ; '' and 
■^tain important propositions were suggested for discussion. 

f0lti:ngs from axxx |lol^-§00fe. 

The Southern District Meeting was held on January 9th, at Westminster, 
Messrs. Brooks, of Chicago, have published finely finished photographic 
traits of all the Bishops of the Reformed Episcopal Church. 
The Rev. A. S. Richardson, of Great Malvern, preached at the Free Church 
England, Southend, on Sundays 14th and 21st January. 
Notices of several very important motions have been given for discus- 
^ at the next meeting of the Council of the Free Church of England. 
The paragraph that appeared in a contemporary about the " examining 
plains " appointed by the Free Church of England has no authority. No 
a appointments have been made. 

INURING the recent season of Advent, special Mission Services have been 
ducted at Crowhurst, near Battle, in Sussex, by Mr. W. H. Simms, Liscened 
ingelist. The room, with harmonium, lights, and all needful accommoda- 
i, being kindly provided by E. Howard, Esq., one of the wardens of the 
ititess of Huntingdon's Free Church, Brighton. The attendance was good, 
^ much interest was manifested in the services. 

** The Bishop of Chichester," says the Jtiocky "is stated to be greatly 
tied at the way in which the Free Church movement is progressing. His 


lordship has, according to local report, stated that he will do all he possil 
can for the errant Churolnien au LittlehamptofTif only they will go oaclc 
the Mother Ohurcli again. This the Free Churchmen will not listen to. 
may be a warning to the Bishop in future to nip Kitualism in the bud, a 
be uore careful in his appointments to vacant livings.'' 

The Ritualists are adopting the most degrading mummeries of Rome, 
please the foolish and raise funds. The sacred story of Bethlehem has 1>€ 
turned into a complete farce by the Vicar of St. Michael's, Shoredit' 
" The Nativity '' was performed in the style of a penny show, Christ b©i 
represented by a wax doll. St. Joseph was acted by Father H., with nal 
arms and legs, and a sister wrapped up in white personified the Yirn 
Mary. Such blasphemy is intolerable. Is there a Bishop of London ? 

By the Rev. C. H. Davis. 

It is no business of mine to defend the English Free Chui'ch of England 

supported by *' Lex " in the Roch, and assailed by *' C. J. H." as regards 

orders. But *' facts are facts." And as the Romanistic-Ceremonialists (n 

called Ritualists) threaten us with a Church of Secessia, so there is no ha 

in showing that the Episcopacy of the Protestant Church of Secessia is 

least as good as any Papistical fancy-church of the future is likely to 

Pelagius, Bishop of Rome, was consecrated on April 11th, 555, by i 

bishops — viz., John, Bishop of Perusia, and Bonus of Ferentiniun, and (a; 

third could not be found to assist) by Andrew, a presbyter of Ostia. A 

tlie Act of 3rd and 4th William IV., chapter 85, section 99, passed in 18 

iillows two bishops of the listablished English Church in India to consecr 

a bishop for a see in the Anglo-Indian Church, if no third bishop beouttlK 

The lust canon of the Scottish Episcopal Church of 1838 allows consecrat 

by two bishops. Bede tolls us (B. ii., ch. 3) that Augustine, the first ar 

bishop in the Anglo-Siixon Church, consecrated Lawrence as his o 

successor, and Mellitus and Justus as Bishops of London and Roches 

There is no evidence of any bishop assisting him. Whether Luidhai'd, 

French bishop whom he Ibund here, was then in England we do not lax 

In 1722, R. Taylor, one of the succession of the non-juring bishops, c 

secrated R. Welton single -lianded ; and in the same year, assisted by Welt 

he consecrated one Talbot. In 1733, Campbell, . the Scotch bishop, sin^ 

handed, consecrated Roger Lawrence; and then, assisted by Lawrence, 

consecrated T. Deacon ; and Deacon consecrated P. J. Brown ; and again, 

1780, he consecrated K. Price and W. Cartwright. In 1795, Cartwright c 

secrated T. Gamett, and Garnett consecrated C. Boothe, who died in Ireh 

in 1805 ! (See Perceval's " ApostoHcal Succession," pp. 247-249.) Surely, * 

Free Church succession is as good as that ? In 1610, the Scotch bishops w 

not ordained deacons or priests before their consecration. In the early Chui 

there are several cases of consecration to the episcopate without previ( 

ordination — such as (I believe) Ambrose of Milan, in 371; Eusebius 

CoBsarea, in 303 ; Mectarius of Constantinople, Martin of Tours, Tararius 

Constantinople, and Chrysostom. According to the Romish system, there 

no difference of *' order " between a priest and a bishop, but only of " degre( 

and it is only since 1061 tbit the term " ordained" has been apphed in 

English Ordinal to the *' consecration " of a bishop. In the Act of 1 

Ehzabeth, cap. 12, sec. 1, and in 3 and 4 Vict., cap. 85, sec. 99, the tc 

" degree " is applied to the episcopal order. The whole question is well c 

cussed in the late Rev. G. S. Faber's *' Primitive Doctrine of Justificatio 

2nd edit., appendix x., pp. 453-462; and Dean Goode's "Divine Rule 

Faith," 2nd edit., vol. ii., cliap. viii., pp. 230-348; also in Mr. T. Powe 

Wesleyan work on *' ApostoHcal Succession." Mr. Pow^ell does not object 


a moderate episcopacy, and aprrees with tlie views of Faber and of Goode ; 
and. he explains our Anglican Church's doctrine better than I ever saw it ex- 
plained — ^\'iz., that it does (at least since 1661) hold a distinction of '* order " 
bet^veen a priest and a bishop, but not as of divine right. Herein it differs 
from. Borne. To " ordain " is to appoint ; to " consecrate " is to set apart — as 
in -A.et8 xiii. 1-3, quoted in our service for consecrating bishops, where we see 
how Paul and Barnabas were consecrated as apostles, and *' sent forth " as 
"apostles." (See Acts xiii. 4; xiv. 14.) As to non-episcopal orders, the 55th 
Canon of 1604 recognizes the Pi-esbyterian orders then in Scotland ; and jfrom 
the Act of 1571 to that of 16f'»2 it was no uncommon thing for men in 
Presl)yterian orders to be admitted to English benefices, as Dean Goode 
has shown. Even since 166:>, it is only "in this church" that no non- 
Episcopal minister is to be allowed to act as a " lawful " minister. The 23rd 
Article does not condemn such in the abstract. Archbishop Whately says 
that a statement that no one in this realm is a lawful magistrate without the 
Queen's commission by no means denies the validity of the acts of a repub- 
lican magistrate in America. (*' Cautions for the Times," ix., 132.) Forms 
9^ ordination and consecration vary. And the 25th Article delares that there 
is not in ordination any visible sign or ceremony ordained by God. Ours of 
1662 differ from those of 1547. And in the An^lo- American Episcopal Church 
^e bishops can — and often do — use a form which does not contain John xx. 
22, 28 in it ; and yet their ordainees can hold any English benefices under the 
Colonial Clergy Act of 1874. In my •' Practical Defence of the Evangelical 
^^^'"gy," at pp, 30-41, 1 have fully discussed tlie matter. Dean Goode seems 
^ prove that, according to Eutychius, the person appointed to the episcopal 
office at Alexandria held it and executed its duties without any episcopal 
consecration. (Vol. ii., pp. 265-258.) See also the Rev. John Harrison's 
^Q-luable work on *• The Primitive Mode of Making Bishops, etc." (Long- 
'^tians, 1870, price Is.) 
Littleton Drew, Wilts. 

[issbn Wioxk in Surra W^am. 

Mb. S. Williams tbus describes his recent visitation of the Eastern Dis- 
trict : — Left Freetown for the Eastern District on Friday, November 10th, 
*»id reached Hadings in the evening. On Saturday, according to previous 
**xungement, I gave the school children a treat by an exhibition of my Magio 
j^^ntem ; a great many adults were also present, all of whom were wonder- 
f'llly interested. It was very cheering to see so many gathered together, 
*^ to hear their admirable singing whilst the amusement was going on. — 
I2th, Sunday : Conducted Divine Service at 10.30 a.m. The Church was 
®^w<ied, and much power attended the word preached. In the afternoon 
^^nt on to JRoikeUe^ whore I had to preach in the evening. On nearing the 
^JUage, I was met by our schoolmaster and late student, Mr. Cole, and many 
p the friends, who gave me a hearty greeting, and conducted me to my 
^"Jl^giiig. Our people were all the more delighted to see me, because they 
?.^^gbt I would not come to them. They said, speaking of me : " He don't 
^^ we ; he go all time to de oder villages, but him neber come to Rokelle ; 
'"l® hab bad head, because when daddy Trotter been come, he go to all the 
Plages, him neber sick ; but when him come to Rokelle, he most die,, dat 
'^^^o VVilliams fraid.'* However, at 6.30 I preached to a large and devout 
S^^^i'egation, and was much struck with th^ musical taste of these villagers. 
*^®y chanted the " Cantate Domino " and " Nu7ic dimittis ''< with exquisite 
■^eetneas and wonderful power. The next day I inspected the day-school» 
•'^ found it in an admirable condition. The master is an intelligent and 
^«U-informed young man. I promised to exhibit my Magic Lantern on my 
'^^'ttii from Waterloo. 

Wt Bokelle for Waterloo in the afternoon, and was quite exhausted oa 


my arrival, having had to pass through running streams and over veiy rough 
roads. Took up my abode in our Mission-House, which is occupied by mc, 
Garron, our head schoolmaster, and by whom I was kindly received. Mr. 
Garron is an excellent man. It rejoiced my heart to see that since our beloved 
Pastor, the Rev. J. Trotter, appointed him to this important station in Jan., 
1873, he has been devoted to his work, and thoroughly respected by the 
people ; not a single complaint has ever been brought against him. I 
attempted once to remove him to Freetown to take charge of the Institution, 
but our elders said he is the best man they ever had, and must not be taken 
from them. 

14th, Tuesday, was a great day to us, and one long to be remembered. 
The dear friends overwhelmed me with kindness and greetings. We had a 
largely-attended Prayer-meeting at five a.m. At ten I inspected the day- 
school, and found the master, his assistant, and the mistress in full work 
!Nothiiig has afforded me more complete satisfaction than our education work 
in Waterloo ; indeed, it is a model school, and has a good influence on the 
other schools in the district. The last Government grants to our schools ac^ 
as follows :— Waterloo, £1G 123. 8d ; Rokelle, £7 Is. ; Goderich, £4: l6s., 
and Hastings, ^4 10s. As we were to have a dedication service in the aitev- 
noou, I had the school closed at noon, that the teachers and young peop}^^ 
might be present. The little new church to be set apart for Divine worship 
and education is at Coles Town. Mr. Trotter visited this place, and approvow- 
of the site selected for the church. At two ov^r 300 friends from Waterloo* 
also representatives from all our Colonel churches, who had arrived to atte^*^ 
the district meeting to be held on the following day, attended the servi9^" 
I preached from Psalm xx. 5. In reviewing the engagements and solemniti^* 
of this memorable day, I felt that if I had done nothing more, I was amp^X 
repaid for my visit to this district. I would suggest that the work of GirO<^ 
in this newly-dedicated house of God will be best sustained by the appoix*-'*'' 
ment of a regular Evangelist, who would also teach in a day-school. ^'^ '^' 
A. H. Brown, our District Secretary, an old soldier of the Cross, and a m^^'^ 
of much experience, would be a tit person to take charge of this place. Twetx*^ 
shillings from the Parent Society is all that is asked for his support. Wl*^^* 
can be done l . 

15th, Wednesday, was another hard-working day, as it was the day ^^\ 
apart for our district meeting. Our managers came from all the differ^*'"*' 
churches. Over fifty were present, who related their experience in gra<5 
and gave an account of God's work in their respective churches and schooX^ 
some of them had walked over thirty-one miles. One of the greatest attr 
tions at this district meeting was to hear read Mr. Trotter's letters 
England. Old Mr. Caudell presided. They all were delighted with the i 
of my proposed visit to England, and look upon it as a new era in < 
histor}'. We commenced business at eight a.m., breakfasted at ten, retun» 
to duty at eleven, and finished our deliberations at four p.m., when 
dined together, and closed by prayer and the doxology. Everything 
done during the day in the most satisfactory manner. At seven I amu» 
the young people with my Magic Lantern. 

16th, Thursday : Left Waterloo for Freetown, via Rokelle. At the latt^ 
place I remained over night to fulfil my promise in exhibiting my _ 
Lantern. The people had never seen such a thing before, hence they shouts 
screamed, jumped, and laughed, and many ran out from fear ; some of t" 
views they called the ** white man's devil." They all begged me to co: 
again at their ginger season, when they would pay for admission, for 
present, they said, ** our hands dry." Next morning I started for Freetow: 
and after walking twenty-one miles over mountains and through da' 
reached home quite wearied, but thankful to God for his thousands 
mercips both by sea and land. Samuel Williams. 

Freetown, Sierra Leone, Nov. 21, 1876. 


This very interesting; report of our native agent, Mr. S. Williams, will 
peak for itself. It has been examined by F. W. Willcocks, Esq., also by 
he Rev. T. Dorld, of Worcester, the Rev. G. Jones, of Tunbridge Wells, 
he Rev. J. B. Figgis, M. A., of Brighton, the Rev. J. T. Bland, of Oswald- 
•vriatle, the Rev. W. H. Hines, of Basingstoke, and others, who suggest 
)hat it should be published in our Magazine^ and sent to all who are 
interested in the civil, intellectual, and spiritual regeneration of Africa. 

J. Trotter, Foreign Superintendent. 

St. Paul's Parsonage, Wheelton, Ohorley-lane. 

To the Editor of the Free Church of England Magazine. 
Sir, — Under the above heading, in your number for November (Page 202), 

read, not without regret, the following : — 

** Now that, as I hope, the Prayer-book of the Revision Society is being 
enerally adopted by our congregations, it may not be out of place to call 
ttention to the provision made in that excellent manual of devotion for the 
lortening and variation of the public services of the Church," etc. And at 
age 215, the writer further states, " It will be seen that the greatest liberty is 
lowed in the shortening and variation of public services," etc. 

I am at a loss to know where the writer finds a provision made for the 
sliortening and variation " of the general order of the services, which is " to 
5 said and used throughout the year." in the sense he applies to it. Nor do 
know where he finds the " greatest liberty is allowed " for that object. I do 
id in " the order " the writer refers to, the words, " a reasonable discretion 
ay be used," but that is evidently subject to the opinion of the Church ; for 
e order goes on to state, *' If any question arise as to the reasonable discre- 
^n, it shall be decided by the Bishop." 

JNow the practical object of my letter is to endeavour to show that the 
"^ter has misunderstood the " order " for morning and evening prayers, 
iirning to that " order," we find the instruction points to a fixed service to 
i Said and used throughout the year, and that in the arrangement of the 
i^vlce the authors had regard to its undue length, as in modern use. And 
3 again find them alluding to tliis fact in the Preface (Page 6), where they 
ate that they have studied both greater brevity and greater elasticity in the 
ul>rical directions. Also in the order referred to above, we find proper 
x'a.ngements for shortening the services at certain times. All further* altera- 
>iis can only be made with reasonable discretion, which must mean that they 
all be exceptional, seeing that full directions are given as to any departure 
^na. the fixed services as explained by the Rubrics. To alter the services for 
B sake of variation would, I tliink, not be reasonable, and to imdo the 
'Hexal order of the Revision Society would not show discretion. 

Turning again to the " order," we read, ** Although the following is the due 
"der of morning prayer and of the otlier services, it is intended that a reasbn- 
c>le discretion may be used." I understand this to mean, that a regular 
fder is to be observed; and the reasonable discretion to mean, a limited 
J^rty only to alter that *' due order." I cannot discover ** the greatest liberty 
Howed " to a minister to re-arrange that order by introducing a fresh, so- 
^fid stereotyped service in the place of the one the writer complains of. 
"Moreover, I cannot believe that the Revision Society had any intention of 
*^troying the principle of imiformity, which would be the case if one Free 
^^h had this form of worship and another that ; or that they meant by 
~«>\ying reasonable, discretionary alterations, that the general order of the 
JlP^ce should be changed, the Rubrics partly disregarded, and a multiformity 
^ Worship introduced. Against such a step the "Revision Society" warn 


ministers in the instructions concerning the services of the Church (Page^ 
and 8). The writer would do well to ponder the prayerful desire of til 
Revisers, that — '* The various religious bodies, which are the offsprings of 
Beformation, shall be wedded together once more in love and harmony, 
find in the adopted Prayer-book of the Free Church a common bond of unio: 
—I am, Sir, yours truly, W. E. Dandtt « 

** SJie hath dovA what she could,'' — Makk xiv. 8. 

*^ And he that ioatcreth shall be watered also hi)nself,** — Paov. XL 25. 

Who would not gain a crown? Not one of self-glorification, but^ 
gracious acknowledgment of the Saviour's acceptance and approval : " 
done! good and faithful — enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." Is 
this an exalted aim? One worthy of our immortal self! Some say 
have no ability to speak to others about eternal things ; — the only qualifiL 
tfon that is essential is the love of God in the heart. Let me give you 
instance of this. 

About sixty years ago, there were living in a ruined cottage on the Wa"! 
coast a very poor and aged couple — old Matthew and Hannah Edwarc^' 
their grandchildren liad long since been married and gone to live elsewho: 
Matthew wa3 ninety years of acje, and his faithful old helpmate was upwi 
of eighty. Both had become almost blind through age ; but he still follo^^* 
his life occupation of weaving fish-baskets for himself and his neighboiB. 
and was daily to be seen, when the tide was out, on his way to and _ 

the Weirs for the fish, which he sold to the neighbouring gentry, when, ^-t 
was good enough to offer, the refuse supplying their own homely mo^"*^- 
They had also a little plot of potato ground around their cottage, where tti.^^ 
grew potatoes and cabbages, and so they contrived to live. They were n<> '^^ 
too feeble to go any distance from home, but there was one house witlii-*^ 
their reach, about half-a-milo off", where the country folks said **the straif*^^ 
English gentry " lived ; and hither they from time to time brought their lifctX* 
sale of lish. It was soon discovered by the good mother that these pool 
people were very destituto ; and, having a large family of young folks, sl»-^ 
would often send one of them down the lane to old Hannah's with sorKX^ 
milk or soup, or other little matters which the poor people were v©*^ 
thankful to receive. 

There was one of the daughters, a pretty, quiet girl of sixteen, on wh.o'^ 
this little office most frequently devolved, and she became very fond *^* 
running over the fields and down the lane thus to visit her old frien-^i**- 
On one occasion, after expressing much gratitude for the kindness sho^^^» 
the old woman said tliere was oiie thing for which they very grefiktHS 
longed, and which they had often asked the good Lord to be pleased *^ 
grant them before they died, namely, to hear once more a chapter from t^*^ 
own blessed Book. It was many years since they had been able to wallc *^ 
church, and nearly as long since they could see to read for themsel^^^ 

and if Miss C would only road to them a bit out of God's Word, it woixl^ 

be the crowning wisli of their hearts. Of course C said she would ^^ 

pleased to do so, and from that day her visits became more frequent, \mJ^^ 
often twice in the week might she be seen sitting reading to those po^ 
eager listening souLs, drinking in once more of the pure stream of God's o*** 
refreshing truth, and feeding on the bread of life. They had long kno'^'^ 
the Lord, and now, in the extremity of age. He did not forsake them. ^* 
was simply from good nature that their young friend had complied wi*** 
their request, for as yet she was ignorant of the true value of the precio'^^? 
treasure wliich shy brou'^ht them, for which their grateful prayers ascend ^^ 
for God's blessino: on her whom Ho had thus sent to bless them. Th&^f^ 


^ers were accompanied by their simple and heartfelt expressions of the 
Inesa which His Word afforded them, and of the great faithfulness and 
t of the Saviour, and of their assured hope, through Him, of Eternal Life ; 
.rging on the certainty of all finding that salvation who sincerely sought . 
.t the same time affectionately entreating her to make this '* Pearl of 

,t price " her own. C *s attention was arrested, and her mind became 

:h occupied with the things which were thus spoken to her ; and now she 
Ml in her own private retirement to ** seek the one thing needful.*' This 

her starting-point for Eternity ; and, as a soul never savingly receives 

grace of God itself without earnestly desiring and seeking the like 
sing for those most dear, she soon communicated her new feelings and 

to her favourite sister, a few months older than hei:self, — and together 
'' set out fo^r the better land ; and, in the course of a year, were received 
:ommunicants at the table of the Lord, confessing Christ before many 
» knew Him not. One of these sisters, after a long and devoted Christian 

ever labouring for the salvation of others, has gone on before to the 
ily home above. The other is still on the way, an unobtrusive, but 
.ing light, calmly awaiting her summons home — whither their works do 
>w them ! Who, then, will say they cannot do as poor Hannah did, and 

jewels for the Redeemer's crown ? Ellen Thoresby. 

^hxtmx^.—'§^tiy. €. S* Part. 

We have to record the death of the Rev. E. S. Hart, M.A., of Linfield, 
sex, who died, deeply regretted, on the 22nd of November, 1876. He 
formerly a minister in the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion,' and 
be remembered by many as an able and faithful preacher of the Gospel. 
>iit twelve months since he was invited to Linfield, but his services there 
e but of short duration. From the effects of last summer's heat he 
ime very prostate, which, being followed by a severe cold, greatly injured 
health. His illness was but of short duration, and was rendered peculiarly 
ng from the fact that Mrs. Hart was at the same time confined to her 
la at her sister's, near Swansea, and was unable to be removed to attend 
aer husband. Every attention, however, was shown him by a faithful 
'ant and kind friends, but it soon became evident that all human efforts 
3 unavailing. Earnest prayer was offered by his congregation for the 
•innance of his life, but the Master had otherwise determined, and on the 
i of November, in the fifty-third year of his age, he " entered into the 
of his Lord." As a preacher, Mr. Hart was a man who always com- 
<ied attention, and his services were highly apprecilEited in the new 
!•© of labour to which he had so recently been invited ; but the time wais 
short to witness any very marked results. " His pulpit power," says 
of his hearers, " was great, and his pithy, pointed, practical manner of 
^g forth the great doctrines of the Gospel rendered his preaching very 
^tive." In prospect of his end, his mind was kept very calm and 
efiil. "My times," he said, "are in my Heavenly Father's hands. 
'' that this sickness may be for the glory of God. His hand is upon me ; 
sufferings are very great ; but God is good." During his severe illness, 
•aind was sustained by that Gospel he had so long proclaimed to others. 
'g conscious that his end was drawing near, he chose a spot for his in the cemetery. His end was very peaceful, and almost his 
"W-ords were, "I leave myself with Jesus ; He doeth all things well, 
f^g or dying I am His." By the special request of his sorrowing wife, 
funeral service was conducted by the Rev. J. B. Figgis, M.A., of 
Hton, assisted by the Rev. Messrs. Gooby and Bower, and siipported by 
Committee of the Church. " He rests from his labours, and his works 
callow him," 


^xlhtxi WixiQhi, thjt &OB^tlUx. 

By the Editor. 

Chapter IL — Mistress Alice and Gilbert the Gospeller. 

Alice was up betimes next morning, and down to the usual five o'clock 
breakfast of bread and meat and cheese m the halL This may seem startliiig 
to some of our fair readers, who not only need to be " called," but sometimes 
need a rousing, too, to stir them from their downy beds. Ah ! but then ia 
those old days, before composites and gas, people were early to bed, and bo, 
as a matter of sequence, were early to rise. Custom and fashion have so 
changed the habits of people that we must not always judge of the 8eeixi.ii^ 
Spartan virtues of our ancestors by the degeneracy of modem times. A. lie*' 
could claim no exceptional virtue by her presence at a five o'clock break£i*s*- 
The housekeeper. Dame Jane Mostyn, and the maids and serving- men, ^vere 
alreadj' seated at the board, and as there was seldom much restraints *^ 
conversation at these times, Master -tVnthony Barton soon began to speak ^^ 
the event of yesterday. 

" Sad work this, Dame," said Anthony. " Things are coming to a pr^**^ 
pass. I thought we were free from such evil-doers in Studmore." 

"Oh ! sanctify us," exclaimed Dame Mostyn; "I wot not Prior jr<^^^ 
had not been so wroth without good reason." 

" Tush ! " replied Anthony, " think ye such malpractises could ^^ 
amongst us unbeknown to me." 

" Well, but good master, thou knowest foxes are Mly." 

*' Sly, nonsense ! '' said Anthony, with oflBicial importance. " I tell tlm. ^^' 
had such things been harboured in Stud more, the churchwardens hold -4>^^^ 
keen a quest not to have had them down in their presentment." 
*'True, true, master," said Dame Mostyn. dutifully. 
" But, uncle," said Alice, ** why was the Prior so angry ?" 
"Ah ! why, indeed," said Dame Mostyn, shaking her head ominously. 
*• Fear lass, mere fear. No, no, the Prior need not have been so wroth." a 
Anthony ; adding indignantly : ** As if the churchwardens had been aslee 
** True, true," replied the obsequious Dame. 

" Be not so sure of that, master," said Geoffry, the serving man, w£- 
a knowing look. 

"What meanest thou?" demanded Anthony. 

"Only that there are others,'* answered Geoffry, " beside Simon t 
smith and John of Brenton in Sbudmore that know something about t 
Lollards, else gossip is astray." 

"Idle gossip ; idle gossip. As for John and Simon the smith, they 
half crazed. The churchwardens know of none other, 1 tell thee." 

" None of our friends, I trust," exclaimed Alice, turning to Geofl&:y. 
"Nay, mistress Alice, inquire not too closely, lest thou should'st b 
grieved," replied Geoffry, in a low voice. 

Alice started with alarm, and the quick current of thought was shown h 
the rapidity with which the flush of beauty was blanched to pallid fear, 
half-uttered exclamation escaped her lips, but with a happy presence of min 
she checked herself. 

** Friends !" exclaimed Anthony, with a dark frown, in reply to the inqui 
of Alice. " Friends, what mean ye ! Nay, thank God and Saint Dunstai 
we call no heretic by the name of friend. Come, let us hasten our meal, anc:^ 
let us see if we can give a hand in hunting out, if there be any, these Lollan^' 
traitors against the Church." 

•* Stay ! uncle, dear ; be not so eager," said Alice gently ; " for after 
they say that Simon and John too, are good men and peaceable.'' 


* * Tush, Alice," replied her uncle hastily ; *' in this matter hold thy 
peskc^. We want no Lollards in Studmore." 

"X*!:!© meal was soon finished, but finished in gloomy silence, and Master 
Bairfcozi, calling his two serving men, departed for the Priory. The maids 
Bouglit their several duties, but Alice experienced a strange oppression, and 
ihbb^t Tindefined presentiment of coming evil, so often prompted by the tender 
fewTs of love. Gilbert Wright, her betrothed, to whom her young heart was 
5 o'csl we<ided with a deep and loyal affection, and in whom she placed implicit and 
siaiti trastin^ faith, had never openly professed his sympathy with the Lollards, 
>metiis| and yet she could not but remember many little circumstances unthought of 
th«« as fn]^ught with danger at the time, but upon which the words of the I^rior 
, aDilil and recent events seemed to throw a new and dangerous meaning. More- 
haT5jJ over, had he not often spoken well, and in a tone of apology for Simon the 
smitli ; and when he had told her how the new King, Henry V., had com- 
menced his reign with such severity against the Lollards, had he not always 
a gentle word for the sufferers, as if he pitied them ? Ah ! just like Gilbert, 
she liad thought, for he was always kind ; and then she remembered, too, how 
when her uncle was one day talking of the burning of John Badby, the 
tailor, in the late King's reign, he had repeated some strange but sweet 
words about a forgot te'u precept that we were to do unto others as we would 
pKCfl that others should do unto us ; and she remembered, too, how angry her 
I uncle vras about it. 

i I Alice was absorbed with these thoughts as she sat at the bay window — 

her fingers were idle, and the spinning wheel was untouched before her. 

She must, indeed, have been more absorbed still, for she even failed to detect 

that which the quick ears of expectant love is so eager to note— the approach 

of the one in whom the heart's affection is centred. Gilbert stood for a 

nioment at the door-way, watching, with eyes beaming with tenderness and 

pnde, the sweet form of Alice. She was sitting at the open casement, her 

iiead slightly resting on one hand, with her face turned to the window in an 

attitude of abstracted thought. She was dressed in a morning kirtle of 

wmple stuff, with a tight bodice of black velvet, and a white lace collar, 

pinned with a plain gold brooch. Her hair flowed down her shoulders in 

wS- *^^ natural profusion. She was, indeed, a graceful form, and one in 

j"^<5H love might well delight. Gilbert watched her as if spell-bound, in one 

* "tHose happy moments of a lover's sure complacency, broken at last by an 

^?r^lvintary deep-drawn sigh, not of pain, but of tender and thankful ad- 

^^?^^tion, Alice quickly turned, and, with an exclamation of joy, arose, 

^^T*^ that impulsive eagerness to greet him, which ever betokens the sincerity 

j£» ^^ve. She held out her hand, which he took with a grace that seemed 

|^_^^* reverence, and, gently drawing her to himself, imprinted a fond lingering 

^^^ upon her lips. 

** Oh, Gilbert," she exclaimed ingeifUously, " I am so glad you are come." 

** Thanks, dearest, my heart is lighter for seeing thee ; but why so deep 


^* Because 1 am sorely anxious, Gilbert, about this quest for the Lollards." 

T)he face of Gilbert, that seemed before beaming with all the brightness of 

^py love, became suddenly overcast with an expression of touching gravity, 

^:ie slowly and gently replied. 

** Sweet Alice, ' Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.'" 

** But, Gilbert, I have a strange misgiving that makes the threat of Prior 

in terrible to me. It seems " 

" What, darling ] " 

" As if some great calamity were about to happen." 
** Nay, nay, Alice ; thou hast been brooding over thy fears too much," 
►lied Gilbert lightly. 
" I trust it may be so ; but Geoffry spoke words this morning that 


" All ! What did Geoffry say ? " 

And Alice repeated the words that had given her so much alarm ; 2X%A 
then she waited, with a look of yearning anxiety, for some assurance froaa 
her lover. 

But Gilbert did not immediately reply. Still holding Alice by the haxB.^* 
the grave expression of his face returned ; but there was no. trace of fesm-t- 
His form, indeed, became somewhat more erect, his mouth firmer, his ^^'^ 
more fixed, as if looking far beyond the surroundings of the moment. 

Alice looked up beseechingly at him, and, in a trembling voice, sls^ '^ 
fearful to disturb his thoughts, whispered : 

** Speak, Gilbert ; speak." 

As if aroused from a reverie, he started, then looked, almost pityux^ 
into those sweet and trustful eyes, and lifting the small and delicate li.< 
that rested so confidingly in his, he raised it to his lips, as he said : 

''Be brave, my darling ! I have nothing on my conscience, neither ]& 
I wrought or thought evil against £^ing Henry, or the Church of Christ. 

** Nay, Gilbert, believe me," quickly exclaimed Alice, with a loold ^^ 
almost injured pride, "I doubted not thine honour, but I am aowr^^^y 

" Why, dearest ? " _ 

" Because it seemeth to me that so many true men are mixed up r^*""^"^ "^ 
this Lollard sedition." 

*' Hard things are sometimes said, Alice, because of lack of charity." 

^' But heard you not what Prior John said ? Did he not affirm that tl 
who recanted not their wicked, heretical opinions, and failed to give up 
secreted writings, would be reported to the Council ? " 

''But what does Christ say, Alice? 'Blessed are ye, when men stv- 
revile you and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against ^* 
falsely for My sake.' " 

" But, Gilbert, I do not understand. Prior John says that it is wicl 
to read the Bible, and that these Gospel writings are dangerous 

" Dear Alice, how can it be wrong to read Christ's own words ? " 

" Christ's own words ! Surely the Prior cannot mean that.*' 

" I fear he doth. I know nothing of the doings of the Lollards or 
Lord Cobham's men, but Master Wycliffe did a good thing, I trow, when 
gave us Christ's words in vulgar tongue, let the monks say what they wilL 

" Hush ! Gilbert," exclaimed Alice, looking round nervously to tl 
parlour door. 

"Dear Alice, fear not ; there are no eavesdroppers here, and, after 
would it not be an honour to profess, in the face of danger. Him who die 
out of love for us ? " 

" But, Gilbert dear, have a care. Think what they did to Masti 

" Well, well, Alice, I am no seeker of danc^er. I will be silent for -gei 

" And for mine, Gilbert." 

" Yea, and for thine, sweet Alice," said Gilbert fondly ; and then, as 
fearing that he had been somewhat weak, he added, " Nevertheless, I wi 
not deny my Lord." 

" But these writings, Gilbert ; thou hast none of them, I trust." 

"Qaiet thy fears, love, quiet thy fears," said Gilbert. "If Wycliffs 
wrote aught that was treasonable, I know it not. The words of Christ 
cannot be treason, His Gospel cannot be wrong, and one little book writ oi 
parchment is aU I have." 

" A little book of Wyclifie's ! Oh, Gilbei-t ! " exclaimed Alice, with ai 
afi'righted look. " Where is it 1 Hide it, GUbert ; hide it ! " 

Gilbert did not reply, but unclasping his doublet he drew from his ho^oxEC^^ 



SL »xiiall book or iractpce written on parchment, and fastened around his neck 
l>y t% silken coit\ It was xhe Cospel of St. John in English. Opening the 
l©«3fi^e8, and looking at the words with eyes filled with radiant joy, he slowly 

**Fe that bath My coi]maj?dments^ and keepeth them, he it is that 
lo"V"^*h Me." 

** Tf a man ?ove Me, he will keep My words." 

^' He that ^oveth Me uo5 keepeth not My sayings." 


^Ibere 's nothing so potent and catching as the influence of a strong and 
en'fclAiisiastic faith, especially when manifested by those we love. Alice 
lools«d upon the tace, and listened to the words of Gilbert with feelings in 
"wiiioh were awe, love, and admiration. All timidity, all fear of con- 
seq^xxences were banished, and there was a thrilling pathos in her voice as 
8h.t3 exclaimed : 

• * God bless anc' strengthen thee, Gilbert ; thou art right ! " 
-At this momert a sudden noise was heard in the hall, and Gilbert had 
only time to thrust the precioas book of Gospel truth into his bosom, when 
the door was flung open, and Prior John with a dozen men appeared at the 


,^ "GROWTH." 

Why, bless me, Fred, how you are grown ! Dear me, how fast you 
gro-w ! »» 

«, I recollect it very well, although T was only just rising ten, when Uncle 
i'^'^j who hadn't seen me for a year, thus greeted mo wlieu I came home 
^^ '•ihe Christmas holidays, and I fancy there are but few children who do 
^* like to be so greeted. I know very well that it always pleased me 
^^H^zinstly to be told that I was growing fast, and that I should soon be a 

^t ^he same weakness makes ?t pleasant to most children to be told that 

££ ^^ aie growing. Coildren always look a-head. Old people look back, and 
tliey have spent a life in Christ's service, their joy is in that backward 

^*^^CH3. But boys and girls are conscious that theirs is especially a state of 
2^_J'j^ipation, and in the bright morning of life they see nothing in the sunny 
^^i^scape but signs of hope and gladness. They know nothing or little as 
q£ vP^ ^^^ clouds and storms of life's misfortunes, nor of the lightning flashes 
lj|.^,*^«reavement and woe, which so shut up the eyes of worldly hope. The 
qj^^-^ boy looks forward to the time when he can take his place in the upper 
f^^|^*> or join in the more advanced, sports of boyhood, and the youth looks 
il; ,^^ard to the time when he can rank among men. And, dear young friends, 
ij ^"^ Well that these feelings and desires c^; exist. It would be a sad thing 
cJl^^^^^ were not to grow — ^growth means strength and power. If a branch 
Xf^?? *iot put forth its buds and leaves in spring we know that it is dead. 
^^^'J^© seed we drop into the earth does not, after the sunshine and showers, 
li^^^ xip the green blade above the dark mould, we know that the germ or 
Xf ^^ that seed h?s perished. Growth, therefore, is the sign of active life, 
y^^^tir bodies didn't gTOw, what a race of Tom Thumbs you would be. If 
1^^^^ minds didn't gro(/, wjat KilJy men and women you would make by and 

"^^^^^S and if your souls didn't grow in grace, in love, in charity and good 
^ I, what helpless, miserable little Chnstians you would appear. 


I was always fond of flowers, at least, I cannot recollect the time when • 
flower did not give me pleasure ; and even now, although no longer a boy, 
I like to wear one in the button-bole of my coat. But I was going to My^ 
when I was a very little boy, a lady gave roe a fuschia in a pot. Fuschias 
were not so common then as they are now, and I looked upon it as a 
treasure. For a time it seemed to flourish, and was green and bright, bat 
by-and-bye the vigour of the plant decayed. The leaves one by one dropped 
off, and no young shoots appeared. The stems became dry and brittle— the 
poor little plant was dead. For a long time I nursed it, and flattered 
myself that it was not dead, but at laat the truth became too evident. It 
seems a simple thing, but to this day I can recollect something of my 
disappointment when my father turned it out of the pot, and revealed the 
secret of its short blossomlens life. The plant had no root hold. 

Now I dare say this will put you in mind, as it has often put me in mind, 
of some striking passages in the Gospel as recorded by Matthew, Mark, and 
Luke. Look for instance at St. Matthew ziii. 21 : you will read about one 
who received the Word, *^ Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a 

How truthfully — alas ! that it should be so — does Christ here describe 
the state of many, many Sunday-schools scholars I How some of them seem 
to be affected by God's Word — and for a time to have ** religious 
impressions," and yet soon prove tlicmselves sadly wanting in something^ 
wanting indeed in that JioJd of Christ, without which there can be no real 
life — no growth. ^^ But dureth for a wTiiie," only for a while ; just like my 
little fushia, and from the same cause, only in a spiritual sense. They have 
no root. 

So you see the first essential to growth is not so much that which is seen 
above, as that which is hidden beneath. Something lying deeper than the 
eye can see, yet upon which depends that life and vigour, that growth and 
beauty, that blossom and fruit that all admire. And what is this unseen 
part of the living plant buried in the earth but. the root ? Yes ; without the 
root there is no growth — no lovely blossom, no delicious fruit. 

Now, my dear young friends, why do you attend the Bible-class or the 
school ? And why am I so anxious to have these quiet chats with yon, but 
that you may become rooted and grounded in the faith, and ^*groic in grace 
and in that knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ." 

And I am so anxious, because I know that unless you have a good root- 
hold of the living truth, your soul will soon be starved and dwarfed for want 
of growth. Your religion will be very much like those flowers which often, 
when we were little children, we would cut off" and run and set joyfully in 
our play gardens, thinking, in our simplicity, that they would growy but 
which, instead of bloasoming, soon drooped pitiably to the ground. No ! 
we have Christ's testimony for it, that a rootless religion will iiever grow. 
And although He told us this in a parable, it is Gospel truth nevertheless. 
And what Christ meant was, that a mere book knowledge of Him — ^such as 
some of my young friends at the Sunday-school are content with — mere 
matter-of-fact and surface truth won't last, won't grow, but will " endure 
but for a while." 

Now, I know a dear girl in my own school who knows much about Jesus. 
She has heard of His love, and has read again and again the sweet story of 
His life and death. She has seen Him in those graphic life-pictures of the 
Godpel narrative. At Can a, turning the water into wine ; on the sea of 
Tiberias stilling the storm ; in the cities and villages of Galilee, raising the 
dead, healing the sick, giving speech to the dumb, and sight to the blind ; 
and yet I grieve, sadly grieve to say it, that J have no ground of hope i\xA 
the soul of that girl is rooted in this Almighty Saviour ! 

I hope you will all think of what I have said. I wish I could have TS?®^ 
all face to face, that we might talk about this growth and root-life, £c3t »^ 


know that you wofild listen to a great deal more than I can expect you to 
read. But although we cannot see each other, believe me I feel a deep 
interest in your spiritual welfare, and hope in the silent pages of this Maga- 
zine to often spealc from my quiet study a few words to help on your growth 
in the knowledge of Christ and His truth. 


[-4// communications for this department must he sent direct to the Editor, New 
Maiden^ Surrey , not later than the ISth of the month.] 

BATH. — Countess o^ Huntingdon's Chapel. 
The Rev. W. E. Darby has lately been presented by his congregation 
with his Portrait in oil colour, also with that of his wife's, as a token of 
affectionate esteem. The paintings were executed by Mr. Russell, junr., of 
Bath, in a way that has done him credit. 

CARDIFF.— Free Church op England. 
The Church here is in a most flourishing condition. Congregations con- 
tinue to increase. The Sunday-school also is very much enlarged, and at the 
recent treat not less than 200 sat down to an excellent tea, provided for them 
by the teachers and others connected with the Church. After tea, by the 
kindness of Messrs. Allen and Moreton, the children were much delighted 
by a grand display of dissolving views. After Christmas an excellent meat 
tea was provided for about 100 old people connected with the Church. A 
** watch " service was held in addition to three other services on Sunday, the 
last day of 1876. The Church was quite full. The Rev. G. Mackey preached 
from Acts zvi. 31, being, as he said, a midnight answer to a midnight question. 
The service was a very solemn one, and felt to be so by all present. On Sun- 
day, the 14th inst., sermons on behalf of the West Airican Missions were 
preached by the Rev. G. J. H. Llewellyn, of Ledbury. The day being 
unusually severe, many were kept away ; still there were very good congre- 
gations, and the collections amounted to £5 14s. Od. The children's service 
in the afternoon was a very great success. 

COMER GARDENS— Free Church of England. 
On Sunday, January 7th, the Anniversary Services were held in this 
Church, when appropriate sermons were preached by the Rev. T. Dodd in 
the afternoon, and by Mr. Ward in the evening. On Monday, the 15th, a 
Tea Meeting was held, after which the Mayor of Worcester presided at a 
Public Meeting, when several addresses were delivered, and suitable pieces 
were sung by the Choir. A satisfactory report for the past year was pre- 
sented by Mr. Ketringham, the Treasurer. 

GOLDEN HILL. — Christ Church Free Church ojj" England. 
On Sunday, .lanuary 14th, the Anniversary Services were held, when two 
excellent sermons were preached by the Rev. G* Type, of Malvern Link. 

HOLLINWOOD. — St. James's Free Church op England. 
On Christmas Day the annual Tea-party was numerously attended. At 
the meeting which followed, Mr. James Walker, licensed Evangelist, presided, 
and in his opening speech reviewed at considerable length the work of the 
past year. He stated that the Sunday-school was in a good condition, but 
wanted more male teachers. After the speeches, the rest of the evening was 
spent in reciting by the various scholars, all of which were creditably 
rendered. On New Year's Day the scholars' annual Tea-party was held in 
the school-room, and a happy evening was spent. 

LEDBURY .—Holy Trinity Free Church op England. 
We are glad to hear a good report from this Church. Earnest sermons, 
appropriate to the season have been preached " From grace to glory " is 


the watchword, iasued by the Incumbent on a neat card, with texts and 

fassages of Scripture, for 1877. We earnestly pray that, as a Church, the 
^astor and congregation of Ledbury may have grace during the year to do 
the Master's work, and be faithful in ail the great principles of Protestant 

MIDDLETON. — St. Stephen's (Lady Huntingdon's Connexion). 

On New Year a Day, at the annual congregational party, about 180 sat 
down to tea. After tea, a meeting was held, presided over by the Rev. J. 
Miley, who, in his opening remarks, spoke of the mercy of God in sparing them 
to see another year, and of tiie importance of taking the Word of God as a 
lamp and light for their feet, and Jesus as their guide and counsellor through 
the coming year. After an excellent paper, read by Mr. John Wellens, on 
^^The Horrors of the Spanish Inquisition by the Jesuits f*' the Chairman 
again made some powerful remarks on the persecuting spirit of the Chnrch of 
iCome, and of the introduction of Popish doctrines into the Established 
Church of England. He was sorry that Papacy had found its way into 
Middleton, but he hoped the people would not be led away with its deceptive 
teaching. He had in times past much to do with Roman Catholics, and must 
confess their outside show was very captivating to the natural eye and ear, 
with their masses and music, etc. ; still he believed the inside working was, 
as it had been called, the ** mystery of iniquity," and the masterpiece of the 
devil. Messrs. A. Wellens, R. Buckley, J. Tetlow, R. Fallows, and others 
also addressed the meeting. Recitations, etc., were also given, and the choir, 
assisted by a string band, sang several pieces in a creditable manner, especially 
the anthem, ^^ Sing, O Heavens," for which an encore was demanded. 

NEW MALDEN. — Trinity Free Church op England. 
The Rev. R. A. Williams preached at this Church on the last Sunday of 
the year, and the Midnight Service was conducted by him in the absence of 
the Incumbent. On Sunday, the 7th January, the Rev. S. J. C. Dicksee 
preached a sermon appropriate to the commencement of a new year. The 
Bazaar, which was held at the Institute on December 26 and 27, in aid df the 
Building Fund, realized, in spite of most unfavourable weather, £80. The 
Church at New Maiden has now entered into the seventh year of its existence. 
It has had many trials and much opposition to contend with, yet in the fac& 
of all adverse circumstances it has kept its position as a Church, cleared 
itself from debt, and is doing something towards providing for the future 
stability of the movement. Nevertheless, much more might be done, for 
there are the elements for the consolidation of a strong Free Church of 
England in New Maiden. 

OSWALDTWISTLE.— Trinity Free Church op Englaj^td. 

Cn New Year's Day the usual treat was given to the scholars attending^ 

the schools belonging to this Church, and on the following day a Tea and 

Public Meeting was held. Large numbers were present, and addresses were 

given by the Chairman, the Rev. J. S. Bland, Rev. J. Trotter, and Mr.Hoghton. 

PUTNEY. — Emmanuel Free Church op England. 
A most interesting midnight service was held in this OhurOh on the last 
night of the year. The service commenced with the hymn, '• To-morrow, 
Lord, is Thine," and a prayer. Mr. Dunlop followed with an appropriate 
address. Prayers were then again offered by the Rev. Mr. Wake and the Rev. 
H. O. Meyers, and a most successful meeting was brought to a close amidst 
warm congratulations and wishes for a happy year. The Church was full. 
We rejoice much in the quiet, steady prosperity of this little Church. The debt 
is being rapidly liquidated, the offertories increase, the seats are letting, and 
there is that kind helping spirit manifested which is always a sign of health 
in Church life. On Sunday, Jan. 7, the Rev. H. O. AJeyers preached from 
his motto text for 1877, " Thou art near, O Lord." (Psalm cxix. 151). The 
Quarterly collections on Jan. 14 for Church expenses, produced £12 Os. Id. 


ROCHDALE.— St. Stephen's Church. 
A very gratifying testimonial was recently presented to the Rev. E. C. 
Xiewis, the late Pastor of the Church . By a long and faithful ministry of thirty- 
eight years, Mr. Lewis has won the love and respect not only of the congrega- 
tion of St. Stephen's, but of all the members of the Countess o" Huntingdon's 
Connexion. The testimonial consisted of an Address, expressive of the deepest 
affection, and a purse containing £850. 

SOUTHEND.— Free Church op England. 
On Monday evening, December 18, 1876, a largely attended meeting of 
the congregation worshipping in the Public Hall, was held, for the purpose of 
constituting a Free Church, and of electing Church officers, etc. The Right 
Rev. Bishop Sugden presided, and after prayer by the Rev. P. X Eldridge, 
the Bishop briefly expressed the pleasure he felt in being present, and 
gave a short explanation of the objects of the Free Church of England. 
J. R. Hemmann Esq., Principal of St. John's College, a parish Church- 
warden, stated the several causes which had led to the commencement of the 
services in the Public Hall, and expressed his hope that a Free Church would 
be established on a permanent basis in the town. Major Geach then 
proposed the following resolution : " That in consideration of the insufficient 
Church accommodation existing in the town, and of the unsatisfactory 
condition of Church affairs generally ; and in consideration also of the i 
facilities for public worship afforded by the Free Church of England, and the 
success which has attended the services in the Public Hall, it is desirable 
that a congregation of the Free Church of England should be, and is hereby, 
constituted in Southend." This was seconded by J. Gray Glen, Esq., and 
carried with acclamation. The election of Church Officers to serve until 
Saster, was then proceeded with, with the following result : GhurcJiicardens — 
Major Geach and Mr. Glen. Sidesmen — Messrs. Hemmann, Webb, Eorry, 
and Howes. Auditor — Mr. J. Hudson. A vote of thanks to the Chairman 
and the Benediction brought the proceedings to a close. 

SPALDING. — Free Church op England. 
A very interesting ''Service of Song," entitled "The Advent," was 
rendered by the children of the Sunday-schools, assisted by the Church 
Choir, on the week before Christmas. There was a very good congregation 
present. The proceeds were devoted to the School Fund. On January 10th, 
the members of the Choir were entertained to tea by Mrs. Savage, who 
provided most handsomely for every possible want. 

TEDDINGTON.— Christ Church Free Church of England. 

On Christmas Day, Bishop Sugden was surprised to find that a Clock had 
been placed in the Church, and gratified to learn that it had been purchased by 
the girls of the Station Road Day School, as a mark of their affection for him ; 
the Clock cost 41, lOs. , and the girls saved up their coppers till the amount was 
obtained, a result as creditable to them as it was gratifying to the recipient. 
Two pulpit lamps — of elegant constructioij, have recently been placed in the 
Church. On Thursday, the 11th, and Friday, the 32th January, the usual 
meeting of Parents, and treat to Infants, respectively, took place at the 
schools. In addition to the Prayer-meeting on Monday, at seven o'clock, 
at the schools, and the Service of Song, with address, at 7.30., in the 
Church (which continues to be a great success). Bishop Sugden commenced 
on Thursday, January 18, a Bible-class, to be held each Thursday, at eight 
o'clock. at the schools. The Epistle to the Hebrews will first be read and 

WHEELTON.-— St. Paul's Free Church of England. 

The usual Tea Meeting was held on Christmas Day in the School-room of 
this Church. More than 500 took tea, after which a Public Meeting was 
held, presided over by the minister, the Rev. J. Trotter, who delivev^d w:l 


address on the importance and necessity of good edacation, and explained 
to parents the Education Act of ■ 1876. Then a variety of well-selected 
dialogues and pieces were efficiently recited by the young people. The 
meeting was also enlivened by a choice selection of music, sung by the choir 
and scholars. The chief room was tastefully decorated, and every available 
space was occupied by the large gathering of people. It was a very successful 
festival. There was oue cloud over this social party, and that was the 
dangerous illness of one of the best scholars in the school. Although Alice 
Maria Grimshaw was little more than sixteen years of age, she was a model 
to her family, her school, and her neighbourhood. She fell asleep in 
Jesus a feV days after, and on December 31, 187C, the Rev. J. Trotter 
preached in reference to her death to a large assembly of young people from 
the words, '' The maid is not dead, but sleepeth." 

WILLESBOROUGH.— Christ Church Frbe Church of England. 

The friends of religious education will be pleased to learn that tbe 
Sunday-school commenced in the schoolroom belonging to Christ Church, 
Willesborou^h, and built by the late Joseph Foster, Esq., has become a 
success far beyond the expectations of its most sanguine promoters. To 
mark their gratitude, the Superintendent and teachers, together with the 
Incumbent and his lady, resolved to invite the children and their parents to 
meet them in the schoolroom on Monday evening, the 8th inst., where, by 
the kindness of Christian friends, a large Christmas tree was abundant]^ 
furnished with all kinds of useful and ornamental articles. The meeting was 
enlivened by speeches and sacred music, and at the close of a most enjoyable 
evening, a plentiful supply of oranges and nuts was distributed among the 
children, in which the parents and old people shared. The room was literally 
crammed with children and spectators. 

WILSDEN. — St. James's Free Church op England. 

On Christmas Bay, Divine Service was held in this Church in the 
morning, and in the afternoon a public tea, after which a meeting was held, 
presided over by the liev. H. Baldwin. After some speeches, recitations, 
songs, glees, and choruses were given by the scholars and choir, the great 
feature of the evening was the distribution of one hundred prizes for. good 
attendance during the year. The Church was tastefully but neatly decorated 
with evergreens and mottoes suitable for the season. 

On New Year's Day, the tcichers' quarterly tea was held, when nearly the 
whole staff of teachers, and part of both classes of young men and women 
met together. After tea the proceedings related entirely to the Sunday- 
school : its progress and improvement. On this occasion a beautiful work- 
table was presented to Mrs. E. Jowett, who lias recently married and 
has left the village. She has been a teacher in this school from its com- 
mencement, and was scarcely ever absent from her class. The minister made 
the presentation on the behalf of the teachers and scholars in a brief but 
pointed speech. The Superintendent and several of the teachers warmly 
•expressed their appreciation of her efficiency and tbe value of her services. 
The half-yearly meeting was afterwards held in the same place. The 
financial report was read by the Secretary, Mr. A. H. Calvert, and adopted. 
The various officers required for the management of the Sunday-school, etc., 
were elected for tbe ensuing year. 


Received shicc last Statement. 

For Magazines and Advertisements £IQ 4, 7 

JPainet/. — Collection per Rev. H. O. Meyers 10 

-For Magazinesy etc 18 9 9 

January 15th, 1877. W. H. Simms, Auditor. 


MARCH, 1877. 

The yigonr of a man depends npon his health. A large organism 
needs a good constitution, — a strong heart and sound liver to give to the 
imposing physique the real attributes of power. A Church, like a man, for 
vigorous action and effective work, depends upon a number of things, 
quite irrespective of mere external organizations ; yet, how slow some of 
ns are to recognize this fact. Perhaps we in the Free Church of Eng- 
land, from educational antecedents, are apt to lose sight of the Scriptural 
idea of a Church as a corporate body. Dissenters, as a rule, are from 
their youth educated with a more liberal interpretation of congregational 
responsibilities. They are early initiated into their duties and privileges 
as active members of the body corporate. The effect of this difference is, 
to put it broadly, that Churchmen grow up with the notion that the 
Church is something belonging to the clergyman and the State, whilst 
Dissenters understand that the Church belongs to themselves. We need 
hardly say that the latter idea is the true Scriptural one. 

The aspect of some of our Free Churches leads us to fear that there 
is a danger of our falling into the old groove. And yet, perhaps, 
in the very cases that we are thinking of, the present condition is the 
result of what has appeared to be a most satisfactory state of things. It 
may be that the congregation were willing to allow the minister to labour 
single-handed because he did his work so well, read the prayers so 
effectively, preached so eloquently, visited the schools and the sick and the 
people so assiduously, and took the active superintendence of all the Church 
organizations. What more could they require I They were quite satisfied 
to pay their pew-rents, and leave him to his zealous work. Bat this sort 
of thing has gone on until the minister almost unconsciously begins to 
regard the church and all that appertains to it as exclusively his own, 
and the old obnoxious and absolute expression of *' my church " creeps 
into the idiom of the pastor. 


Now wherever this state of things exists — or an approach to 
matter how eflSciently the externals may seem to work, that Chiu 
bad health. You may take that as certain. It is defective in i 
and vital parts. The body corporate is doomed to decay where tl 
bers are apathetic and feeble. The organism may seem to be stn 
the constitntion is bad. The stones of the building may be symi 
but they lack arrangement and cement. 

It is unwise to leave everything to the minister — the minister ia 
Church. If we are to keep firmly to our Protestant character, and \ 
ourselves from the slightest tendency to priestisra, an active, vigik 
' is essential. In every Free Church of England the minister and 1 
ought to be closely associated together as one spiritual socie 
interest and work of which they ought to lay to heart, and strive 
promote. The constitution of the Free Church of England fullj? 
the principle of co-operative membership, and it is the duty of ev( 
gregation conscientiously to act upon it. It means something mc 
the recognition of it as a principle. It means that every memb 
and ought to have, his or her proper work to do in promoting the! 
extending the usefulness of the Church to which they belong. I 
that all, old and young, shall not only be hearers but doers of th 
striving with holy emulation to extend by the exercise of various 
gifts, and opportunities in their " vocation and ministry," the bei 
influence of a truly active spiritual community over a world of d 
and sin. 

- - - - - - - - _ 

^nwckth pic^tiirg of iht (Eoxxndl 

The Quarterly Meeting was held at Westminster, on Tuesday, F 
13th. There were present — the Bight Rev. Bishop Price, in the chj 
Right Rev. Bishop Sugden, the Revs. P. Norton, P. X. Eldridg( 
Thoresby, A. S. Richardson, J. Wilkie, H. O. Meyers, G. H. lAe 
T. Dodd, J. Trotter, S. J. C. Dicksee, F. Newman ; Messrs. 
Capps, Sinuns, J. Stevens, F. S. Merry weather, T. Sugden, *fec. 
having been offered, and the Minutes read, 

The Treasurer's Report was presented, showing a balance in hand 
Central Fund of XIO Os. 7d., and on Extension Fund £10 18s. 5d., b 
liabilities for outstanding accounts of nearly .£150. 

The Auditor then read the report of the Finance Committee, and 
urged that the unpaid promised contributions to the Extension Fund 
be immediately applied for. 

Considerable discussion took place on the unauthorized publicati< 
circular, containing some most misleading and fallacious statements at 
application of the funds for ** Extension " purposes. It was exf 
however, that the Finance Committee entirely repudiate that stateme 
that it was issued without its knowledge. 

The Secretary reported as to. the steps he had taken in relation to i 
posed Conference, and read his correspondence with the Right Hor 
Ebury and the Rev. Mr. Carrow. 

An application was read from the Church at Everton, and a cone 
grant made. 


Resolved that the appointment of the E*ev. G. Mackey as minister of St. 
PftuFs Church, Cardiff, be confirmed, subject to the approval of Convocation 
to his reception as presbyter. Resolved that Mr. T. Williams, of Cardiflf, be 
elected a member of the Council. 

' The Registrar reported that he had received the Trust Deed of the Free 
CkixTch of England at Ludlow. 

iieports were made by the Rev. P. X. Eldridge from the Eastern District ; 
by 'fclie Rev. A. S. Richardson as to the Midland District ; by Bishop Sugden 
wto the Southern District, and by Bishop Price as to the Western District, 
ancl. various matters relating to these reports were discussed. 

rrhe Rev. P. Norton read a paper in support of the motion of which he 
hadi <]:iven notice, as to the establishment of a distinct branch of the Reformed 
Episcopal Church, but the motion, on being put to She vote, was lost. 

ThH motion, of which the Rev. P. X. Eldridge had given notice, as to 
ihe alteration of the title of the Free Church of England, after a full dis- 
' casksion, was also lost. • 

It was, on the motion of the Rev. T. E. Thoresby, 

itesolved, " That any resolution including a new rule for the action and 
government of this Church shall not be introduced for consideration and 
adoption until at least one month's notice had been given in writing to the 

It wa« moved by the Rev. T. Dodd, and seconded by the Rev. A. S. 
Bichardson, and carried, ** That the next meeting of Convocation be held at 

The Rev., E. J. Boon has been nominated, subject to the approval of 
Convocation, the Minister of St. John's, Southampton, and on Tuesday, 
January 29th, he was publicly and cordially received at a tea provided in 
the Philharmonic Hall, to which about 500 sat down. The public meeting 
which followed was fully attended, and the short, spirited addresses 
which were given evidenced the sympathy which is extended towards the 
worshippers at the Free Church, and lent to the proceedings an unusual 
*n»onnt of interest. The chair was occupied by Mr. H. Denby, of 
Jjondon, who was supported upon the platform by the Revs. T. E. Thoresby, 
^' J. Boon, S. March, R. Urquhart, E. S. Sbelton, G. F. W. Grego:, 
Jj Povah, S. B. Strihling, Skinner, and Grovenor; Churchwardens J. 
^nk and H. Harris ; Sidesmen J. H. Ruffell and A. Doggrell ; Messrs. J 
otevens, Harrindale, E. J. Ruifell, G. Robins (members of the committee), 
J^ The proceedings having been opened with a hymn, and prayer by the 
^^- Mr. Skinner, 

« Xhe Chairman read letters of apology from the Right Rev. Bishop 
yj^S^en, Mr. Merryweatlier, the Revs. Hines (Basingstoke^, Smith (High 
^rcombe), Figgis (Brighton), S. J. C. Dicksie (New Maldon, Surrey), 

/nT Wright (who was at Bath), J. H. Paterson, and Mr. H. Taylor 
L^^ltenham). He said they would remember that some time back 
1 ^ Harnett resigned the pastorate and left the town, since which they had 
^^ Supplies of good men, and amongst them Mr. Boon, who proved so 
*?^I>table, and the evidence of his true-heartedness and ability was so 
^^loos, that he was asked to accept the vacant pulpit. He (the chairman) 
^''^^idered that they had been led by God in this matter, and that a wise 
* judicious choice had been made, and ho hoped that their pastor elect 

^^Id not only be Boon by name, but would prove a true boon indeed to 

^^tir^ and to the locality in which he had been called to minister. He had 
, ^^ greatest pleasui*e in welcoming bim to his new sphere of work, and to 

*^^®^and encourage him in the responsible duties which he had undertaken, 
*•»! the more so because of the remarkable times in which, wo \\\©. Qt'vNvasj» 


Lim the right hand of fellowship, he prayed that he might long have th& 
rich blessing of God resting upon him, and that he might be spared andL 
blessed to the building up of souls unto His kingdom. In conclusion, tb.e- 
chairman urged upon them as a Church to be regular in attendance, "bo 
encourage and cheer their minister by holiness of life, "which was the frixxt^ 
of true piety, and to be possessors and not merely the professors of the pecucfl: 
of great price. 

The Bev. S. Mabch said he had known with a great deal of pleasis.S'e 
their new pastor for some time past, and he was pleased to be able to sp^tSkk 
heartily and highly of his ability and piety as a preacher. He shoi3.X^ 
now recognize in him a near neighbour and a true friend, and he felt tliLSkri 
they had not only secured a good man but a faithful minister of the Gos' 
of Christ. All the teaching in St. Mary's was not what they could desf 
and it would not be his (the speaker's) fault if they did not work 
and harmoniously together. He hoped that both pastor and people wo«JB.1-d 
live together in great peace fbr very many years to come. 

The Rev. T. E. Thobbsby, who was heartily received, said it 
through the sympathy he had entertained towards St. John's Free Chu' 
from its commencement, that he had come down from London to be prea 
at their meeting that evening. Alluding to the fact that it was not untiL 
preached at Basingtoke that he discovered from a local paper the list 
speakers who were to be present, he acknowledged the services which -fcli« 
Southampton Times rendered to the movement on its first introduction i^rxt^o 
Southampton. This, he said, he should never forget, and while it '^'V^* 
especially esteemed by the friends in London, their thanks were also due *^ 
the Press in general for the kind support they had always been ready to gi"^'^- 
At the commencement of the chairman's speech, his mind reverted to "t^^* 
passage, ** And they all began to make excuse," so that under the cirCTB.^"-' 
stances he was very glad that he had come, and trusted they would hair^ * 
meeting that would prove spiritually profitable to each of them. He had so*J»* 
knowledge of their minister, and he could safely say that they had chose JC*- ^ 
man of sound character (and in the ministry nothing could take the plac9 ^^^ 
that), of sound mind— at present of sound health, and of sound religic:>'*** 
views, for he believed he did not entertain extreme opinions, and ^^^ 
predicted for him a glorious and successful future in the responsible dut>i^^ 
he had undertaken. 

The Rev. C. Povah expressed his sympathy with the Free Church mo"^'^' 
ment, and hoped that every blessing would attend Mr. Boon and hispeopX^^ I 
and by persevering in the maintenance of Evangelical truth, he predict>^^ 
for him a prosperous and an honourable future. 

The Rev. E. J. Boon, who met with a very cordial and hearty receptii 
said he felt that he had undertaken a very arduous responsibility, but he'tv- 
received so many tokens of kindness that he knew the blessing of G- 
would be upon him, and upon them, and he should not easily forget 
heartiness with which he was received by the officers of the Church in t- 
name of the congregation on entering last Sunday morning. He imprest'- 
the importance of punctuality in attendance, and of private prayer, a' 
remarked that although he. should feel his responsibility, he knew that 
should have Divine guidance, and their sympathy and prayers in his wo 
for the care of immortal souls. 

The Rev. E. S. Shelton, in the course of a vigorous defence of t 
principles of the Reformation, thought the Church of England at tf 
present time presented a most pitiable aspect, being unable to do anytl 
but call in the assistance of Lord Penzance's court. 

The Rev. S. B. Stribling, from personal acquaintance with Mr. Boo- 
spoke of bis amiability and his invariable geniality of character, after whii 
Mr. Monk, one of the churchwardens, proposed a hearty vote of tl 
to the chairman. 


The vote was seconded by tha Rev. G. W. F. Gregg, and supported by 

. Harbis, who also expressed the thanks of the committee to the ladies 

for presiding at the tea-tables ; to the choir for the assistance they had 
rendered ; and to all who had in any way contributed to the success of the 

The proposition was carried with acclamation, and the Chairman, in 
reply, said he heartily sympathized with the work in which they were 
engaged. He hoped they would be the means of diffusing a thorough 
Oliriatian influence around them, and that a large, healthy, and vigorous 

Cliiirch would develop itself in the St. John's Free Church of England. 

TixG Rev. T. E. Thoresby having made a humorous and suitable reply, 

tbe meeting terminated with the singing of the hymn, *' Sometimes a light 

Buz-pxdses," and the pronouncing of the Benediction. 



Chapter III. — The "Quest" for Lollards. 

Greyleyb Priory in the fifteenth century was an imposing structure. Its 
^^yle of architecture was solid and massive, and gave little sig^n of that ruin 
**^d.' decay, which was to sweep away all traces, save a lonely tower, of its 
**^cient glory from modem eyes. The tower itself formed part of the Prior's 
apartments, which were constructed upon the plan of a castellated mansion, 
*^d. -were united with the monastic buildings by the cloisters, and by a covered 
passage leading from the Prior's dining hall to the great Refectory in which 
*^© monks always took their meals. On this Monday morning, the Refectory 
^aa the scene of an unusual gathering. The four o'clock matins had been 
«"Urried through, and the monks, instead of again seeking their dormitories 
™J^ an after slumber as usual, had immediately sat down to an early meal, and, 
^y ** prime," or six o'clock, had formed themselves into a Chapter for the trans- 
action of the solemn business of the day. Prior John sat on the dais in a 
^^SU oaken chair of state, whilst Master Roger de Wyttenham was seated 
^^ his left. Rough benches on each side accommodated the cowled monks 
^* Crreyleye, who sat there grim and mute, and ominously vigilant. Standing 
Uncovered at the end of the hall was Anthony Barton, with his church- 
''^*i*<ien's badge and wand ; the constable of Studmore, dressed in a serge 
^J^^^H and carrying his painted stafi" of office ; and two assistant constables. 
^■^ a. table at the right hand of the Prior, were some parchments and writing 
''J^torials. Two lay brothers, dressed in the habit of the order, were 
*y^ttoned at the hall door. The business commenced by the Prior reading 
^J^® mandate : he then ordered one of the lay brothers to call Nicholas 
y^yfifen and Geofiry Try on, which he did with a loud voice, at the outer 
.j^c^xr. When they appeared, they were formally commanded by the Prior 
^? ^ell and truly servo as questmen, and to give all diligence in assisting the 
.^J^^xrcb wardens and officers in searching for Lollards and their pernicious 

^^oth of these men were of low stamp and forbidding aspect, the restless 

>- ^> and the dogged sullen look of Geoff ry — whom we have seen before at the 

^^^^kfast-table of Anthony Barton, for he was no other than the serving 

-.^^^•^specially marked him as a- likely tool to be employed in any purpose 

'ViUany. Geoffry had, indeed, voluntarily proffered his services, and had 

^^^ shown a strange eagerness in the matter, and had strengthened his 

.Implication by hinting that he might be able to put tliem on a scent they little 

^^\igbt of following. This was said on the Sunday night after evensong 

^^ One of the lay brothers and the Prior at daybreak the next morning, had 


sent for Geoffry, and held a long and secret conversation with him injiis 
private closet. It will be remembered that Geoffry had made no aUosion 
of this interview at Master Anthony's early meal, 

The quest having now assembled, Anthony Barton, as churchwarden, and 
the constable led the way, followed by Nicholas Wyffen, and Geoffry, and 
the two assistant-constables. A monk. Brother Stephen, accompanied theiCy 
and carried a warrant authorizing any search tbat the questmen might think. 
fit to make. 

'* Where,'' inquired Master Anthony, " are we to make a beginning in 
this matter ? " 

The monk, taking a paper from his satchel, read the first name on the 
list — ** Simon Ralffe.'* The whole now walked on for some time in silence, 
but when they entered the main thoroughfare of the village, they attracted ; 
general attention. The people came to their doors, and, with alarmed looks, 
watched them as they passed. Some followed them, impelled by curiosity, 
and by the time the quest had reached the smithy, quite a crowd had 
gathered round tham. The loud and vigorous beat of the hammer on the 
clanking iron, indicated to the ofdcials as they approached that Simon was at 
work, and as he worked he sang, in a full bass voice, snatches of verses from 
** Piers Plowman's Complainte" against the abuses of the times, which were 
very popular among the working-classes in the fourteenth and fifteenth 
centuries, and used with many variations by the Lollards. Few, however, 
were so bold as Simon, who, fearless as he was strong, would, when at work, 
sing these " seditious ballads,*' modify the words of the old poet to express 
his contempt of the evil living of the monks, and give tremendous emphasis 
to what he sang in mighty blows. 

Monk Stephen looked aghast as he heard — 

" And then shall come a King, 
Who will do the rightful thing, 
And beat you as a fool, 
For breaking of your rnle. 

Beat you as the Bible telleth 
For breaking of your rule." 

Beat you, heat you ! Oh, how the hammer came down to enforce the 
prophesy ! How the iron bent on the anvil under the sturdy blows of the 
Lollard, as he sang, " To heat — to heat you for breaking of your rule ! " 

" Oh ! oh ! " cried the monk, ** T smell a LoUer now." 

But on went the smith, amidst the blows of the hammer and the clank 
of the iron : 

" Then the Abbot of Andover, 
And all his monks for ever, 
Shall smart with the knock of a King, 
As he does the rightful thing."* 

"And heat you " — down came the hammer with a crash. *' And heat you " — 
away flew the sparks in a gleeful shower ; — and so engrossed was Simon with 
his occupation, that it was only when one of the constable's men went so 
close to him that the sparks from the anvil caused the man to quickly 
exclaim : " Oh ! stay ! good morrow, Simon ! " that the blacksmith ceased 
from his labour. 

Resting on his hammer, Simon watched the officials enter his shop with a 
quiet and undisturbed coanten<ince, and waited as if to be informed of their 

He was a man about fifty years of age, of dark, swarthy countenance 

* This remarkable prediction of the*. Reformation was written almost in these words 
by Robert Longlande, in the 14th Ceijtury, in his '* Vision of Piers Plowman." The 
I^oem was popular among the LollarJs,.' 




ftad stalvrarfc frame. Not a man easy to be frightened, nor did he seem 

in. the least so, although he had heard the news, and fully expected a visit 

from the quest — for he had taken no pains to cloak his favourable opinions of 

the LoUaids, and had often been heard to say that he wished he could read 

^Caster Wycliffe's writings. .Nay, it was even said abroad that Simon had, 

by some mysterious necromancy, learnt to read ; and tliat he had been seen 

with something in his hand very much like a parchment book of Wycliffe*s, 

and information of this had been duly conveyed to the monks of Greyleye 

by no other than Nicholas Wyjffen, a lazy lout of a fellow, who more than 

once had been taken before the Justices as a ''common loiterer and eaves- 

«lropper," and had been soundly whipped at the post of reformation for his 

pftins. This fellow was one of the questmen, and, with an air of insolent 

authority, was the first to make known the object of this official visit. 

"Ho ! ho I Master Simon, we be the quest ; so hasten thee, and brin^ out 

of hiding those evil writings of thine." 

** E^ writings ! what meanest thee ? " cried Simon. 
"It is known to our reverend father that thou hast some heretical book 
in thy possession/' said monk Stephen, ''and I advise thee at once to 
deliver it.'' 

**The good father has been misinformed ; I have no such book." 
**Lie not, lossel ! " angrily exclaimed the monk. " We have no time to 
parley; if thou art not inclined to obey we must put our warrant in force." 

** If thou thinkest I lie," gruffly muttered Simon, " thou hadst better 

** Nicholas ! " exclaimed the monk, " proceed with thy duty." 
Nicholas obeyed with alacrity, and with that swaggering importance 
which power, however brief, generally excites in the servile and the 
mean. He had been a spy upon the blacksmith for some time, and in his 
frequent loiterings about the smithy had cunningly watched the actions 
of Simon. No sooner, therefore, was the order given, than, without any 
disguise or pretence, he went to a recess in the living room behind, and, 
seizing a book, hold it up in triumph, exclaiming : 
" Ah ! did I not tell thee so." 

Brother Stephen eagerly seized the volume, but when he opened it he 
fonnd that it only consisted of two covers, inside of which was pasted a 
skin of parchment, inscribed with the alphabet, and little words of two 
letters. It was simply a " horn-bcok " or primer, the common school book of 
those ancient days. Over this, Simon, in his desire to learn to read, had spent 
mnch time, and had often been seen bending with puzzled look by the spy 
Nicholas, who in his crass ignorance, had jumped to the conclusion that the 
horn-book was one of the heretical writings of Wyclifife. The monk glanced 
darkly at Nicholas, as he warmly exclaimed : 
" What meaneth this foolery ? " 

Nicholas, however, was mute, and stood gaping with open mouth, 
disappointed and crestfallen. 

** And pray, reverend Sir," said Simon, " what hast thou discovered in 
this book of mine presentable ? Has the King*s Grace's Council declared it 
treason for me to learn my A.B.C.? " 

*• Prate not," replied brother Stephen, " thou hast been learaing letters 
for some evil purpose, I'll warrant." 

*• Only that I might read, — only that I might read." 
''Bead indeed!" contemptuously replied the monk. "What next, I 
wonder. Every jack-a-nape artisan, I suppose, will be claiming benefit 
of clergy, and every vagabond thief reading his neck verse ! Tend to 
thy hone-shoes and anvil, Master Simon, lest the devil lead thee into heresy 
with thy reading." 

With these words, the monk turned in anger from the smitli, followed by 
the officials. With a self-satisfied smile^ Master Barton exc\%\m^^ *. 


" T thought as much. Little heresy you'll find in Studmore, Pll warrant 
As if such things could be and the churchwardens not know it ! *' 

From the smithy the quest visited several domiciles, mostly of th 
poorer cla^s. In each case there was some little circumstance known to tb 
monk, communicated no doubt by the tattling eavesdropper, Nicholas. Man; 
of these were innocent and unimportant in themselves, but the jealous feai 
of the monks had construed them into positive proof of heresy. Some indi 
cation of a thirst for knowledge, as in the case of Simon ; some scrap of hom 
conversation perhaps, listened to at the cottage door, and repeated to th 
monks with those exaggerations that always varnish the stories of the mil 
chievous gossip ; some well-learned text of Gospel, spoken in public £ 
Christ's words, was brought against others as evidence of LoUardism, am 
any pretence to the merest knowledge of the Scriptures was looked upon s 
almost certain proof of heresy. And, indeed, these things luid a significanc 
little thought *of then ; they were indications of that coming change in tfc 
religious and social life of England ; the gentle stirrings of the atn^osphei 
before the coming tempest that was to clear away the black clouds of aupo 
stition and priestcraft that, daring ages of darkness, had Lung in tb 
heavens and obscured the sun of Righteousness and Life. An instinctive pn 
monition of the rising storm, invested with an undefined terror in the heaj 
of priestcraft, the feeblest sign of this new phase in the religious world. 

Several hours were spent in this house to house search, but as yet nothin 
was . discovered of sufficient importance to be ''presentable" as here83 
although such items were jotted down as ** suspysious." At this failu 
Master Churchwarden Barton looked more important than ever, and shove 
many signs of impatience at what he now openly ventured to call a bootlei 

"Come, my men," said he, '*it is eleven by the dial, and our dinnei 
will be spoiled ; let us to our homes and report all's well." 

"Not so fast, Master Barton, not so fast," said brother Stephen, agai 
opening his paper of instructions. 

" Whither now, then ?" inquired the constable. 

" Well, let me see," said the monk slowly, as he conned the papes 
"John Breuton — no, we can go there by and bye." And then, after 
moment's hesitation, he exclaimed, " To Gilbert Wright's ! " 

" What ! " exclaimed Anthony Barton, turning quickly round. 

" To Gilbert Wright," said the monk. 

*'To Gilbert Wright's ! " incredulously repeated Master Barton. 

"Ah ! even so, Master Anthony," said the monk, with a sneer. "T 
Gilbert Wright's ; we shall find some game there, I'll warrant, in spite of a 
thy watchfulness. Master Churchwarden Barton." 

Chapter IV. — Godlingstone Grange. 

There stood at the western end of the village of Studmore a laig 
rambling stone house, of ancient date, and built in feudal days, when home 
had little of that sweet security that we now enjoy, but when, to guan 
against the lawless hand, domestic architecture partook of the militai; 
character. Godlingstone had been somewhat modernized, and as the timo 
were thought more peaceful, the eyelets or narrow windows had bee: 
enlarged so as to admit more of the light of day into the interior, but th. 
general features of the building were unaltered. There were turrets bulgin. 
out at each angle, with strong vaulted chambers beneath, and bartizans o: 
the front turrets to defend the outer approach in case of an attack. Thee 
were also traces of a moat, although this was now filled in, and the dmfB 
bridge had long disappeared ; the old entrance remained, and was more life 
the gateway of a oastle than the door of a plain yeoman s house. ' Bat th09 
indications of military times were now pleasingly contrasted with abundiift 


sigTi-S of a more peaceful nature. A great barn, and smaller farm buildings 
at "tlie side, with the well-filled rick-yard and richly blooming apple-garth, 
dezmoted active, prosperous industry. 

Oodlingstone was the home of Gilbert Wright. Gilbert's position was 
sincftxlar to that which in these days we should ascribe to the gentleman 
farrxier or country squire. He was descended from an old family, who, 
altlxough decayed by misfortune, still retained sufficient to enable its living 
repx-«3entative to occupy the home of his ancestors, and by farming to main- 
taian. an honourable position in the village. 

IBy a series of strange providences, Gilbert was now the only descendant 
of SL family which in past times had been numerous and strong. He was 
iho only son of his mother, and she was a widow, and the love existing 
heb-veeen them was of a nature touching in its tenderness. Mistress Wright's 
devotion -to her son was unbounded, and Gilbert loved his mother with the 
clickging affection of one, who felt that in her were centred all the natural ties 
tluLt God had left him. 

^Mother and son lived in this old house in quiet happiness. There was 
anl3ounded confidence between them, Gilbert had no thought or hope in 
secret. As the shades of evening drew on they would sit and chat. Of 
l&te, indeed, much of the conversation had been about the new opinions that 
wero spreading among the people, and stirring sleepy minds into activity and 
thought, and much, too, upon a subjecfc with which Gilbert never tired, for 
Mis-tress Wright ever listened with fond complacency to her son's fervid 
description of the marvellous virtues and graces of Alice Chatlield. 

Xndeed, these two subjects had of late introduced new joy and hope into 
th© somewhat monotonous life of Godlingstone Grange. The earthly love 
had become sanctified by this holier love of Jesus. The soul of Alice was 
dear to Gilbert, and the brightest and tenderest thoughts were those which 
were consecrated with this new joy. The eager desire of Gilbert was to lead 
^ l:>eloved to the foot of that Saviour whom he had so recently found. But 
•ItKough he had somewhat prepared the way for the reception of the truth, 
^ had not openly declared even to Alice how he had found Jesus, and what 
he bad read and beard about ffim and His trords. But with the mother 
^^ son it was of late the frequent subject of conversation, and when the 
doors were closed at night, and the shutters of the casement were barred, 
' Mistress Wright would sit and listen with thankfulness as her son read the 
«^eet story of the Gospel. 

And in this pursuit of spiritual knowledge there was ever present a 
feelijjg of which in the present day we know nothing. To read the Gospel 
^^^h. the dread of an eavesdropper at the door ; to read it as a sacred duty 
^d great privilege, yet with a consciousness that the act was a breach 
?* Earthly law ; to read it knowing that the discovery of the act would 
^^ to imprisonment, and perhaps even to death, was a fiery trial to 
f Rble readers or Gospellers of those days. Many were unequal to the 
?*T^iii, but those who by God's grace were enabled to grasp in their mighty 
**ith. the preciousness of the truth ; found themselves day by day living more 
?^ CJhrist, caring less for self, and being prepared by the power of the Spirit 
^^Jf the glories of martyrdom. 

^o Gilbert, unconsciously almost, but surely, the Gospel had become 

Pif^ioug. It had revealed to him a Christ who, without priestly inter- 

^*^on, had given him eternal life. With the simplicity of faithful trust he 

^^^ read the Word and believed, and with this he had felt in every sense a 

L ^^ creature, l^ew hopes, new thoughts, and new aspirations seemed to 

I vniiohle and sanctify all the aims and purposes of life. He understood little 

■ ^ nothing about the dogmas of the monks, but he saw, now that the scales 

m '^.Men from his eyes, many things in a new light ; but he was too full of 

K S^^^ ^^ ^^^ peace to stop to analyse the contradictions between tbft 


enough for him in his new-bom happiness to have discovered the way c 
trath and life. 

To communicate joy is the delight of love. Gilbert was eager to mak 
known his new-found treasnre to Alice. Mistress Wright, with matenu 
timidity, had restrained Gilbert from doing so. His mother knew ha 
strong were the prejudices of Master Barton, and his horror of anything lik 
heresy, and she dreaded the effect of a too hasty communication. Bat tk 
events of the Sunday had brought matters to a crisis, and after Chuicl 
before seeking their rest, mother and son had talked over the matter— st 
with maternal fear and trembling, the other with glowing enthusiasm. 

" To-morrow, dear mother, 1 must tell all to Alice." 

*' God help thee, my son ; I fear it may breed trouble. Wait yet awhile. 

*' I cannot, dear mother. With this coming search, who knows what ms 
happen. My opportunity may be gone ; and oh, mother, I have prayed i 
earnestly that 1 might be allowed to be the means of leading my beloved i 

'* Well, Gilbert, be it so ; and may the Lord preserve thee," said t1 
mother, with a sigh. 

The next morning, Gilbert hastened at an early hour on his mission 1 
Alice, and it was during his absence that the quest came to search Godlin^ 
stone Grange. 

Monk Stephen, with more politeness than he had yet displayed, inquire 
of Mistress Wright for her son, and on learning that he was not at hom 
endeavoured to gather from her some account of his pursuits. The motbe 
however, was on tbe alert, and, after much tact and skilful fencing, tl 
monk found himself completely foiled in his attempt to convict the son by tl 
mouth of the mother. Her manner was quiet and dignified ; but when tl 
now irritated monk demanded to know where Gilbert was, she answerer 
without the slightest hesitation, that her son had gone to Master Barton^ 
Thither tbe monk immediately ordered the quest to proceed, to the amas 
ment and indignation and no small discomfiture of Master Barton himself. 

The attachment between his niece and Gilbert Wright was no secret 1 
the churchwarden. He recognized it, and gave it his cordial approval ; hi 
this was the first time that he had ever heard a word spoken against tl: 
character of Gilbert. 

" Some gossip's mischief," he exclaimed, " or the tattling of thi 
scoundrel Nicholas. I'll have the knave's feet in the stocks for this ! Ab 
marry, indeed, will I ! " 

But Master Constable, to whom he addressed himself, looked gloomy an 
suspicious, and only replied with a shrug of the shoulders, and Master Bartc 
followed the quest in silence. 

No sooner did the party reach the home of Anthony, than, without tl 
least ceremony, the monk abruptly entered the hall, and flinging open i»t 
parlour door, confronted Gilbert Wright and Alice Chatfield in the positic 
related in the former chapter. 

The Northern District is to meet on the 26th of this month at Evertoi 

The pulpit at Lindfield, Sussex, vacant by the death of the Rev. H'' 
Hart, has been supplied for two Sundays by Mr. W. H. Simms, Licenses 

It is very desirable that at the Quarterly Meeting the District Secretarie 
should present their reports in writing. Important matters are apt to b 
lost sight of in the absence of such official records. 

At the Morning Service at S. S. Peter and Paul, Teddington^ on BrmiiJ^ 


January 28, Public Ptayer was offered for ''Arthur Tooth, Priest of the 
Church of England." The ^irrey Comet says, " We shall next hear of Bill 

[es, a prisoner for conscience sake, requesting the prayers of this congrega- 
tion. Mr. Tooth has broken the law. If he objects to the law let, him either 
•dyocate its repeal in a proper manner, or let him leave the Establishment." 

A \^ Mission " was held from February 3rd to February 11th, at Ringwood, 
Haats, the Rev. R. Shutte, of Portsea, being the " Missioner.*' The occasion 
▼48 tiaed for teaching the doctrines of the Real Presence and the duty of 
aricular confession ; all were urged to come to their clergyman and confess 
their sms, from which he had power to absolve them ; and a correspondent 
Msures us that it was taught that " the tie between priest and people was 
stronger than that lietween husband and wife.'' Will our friends keep their 
eye on Bingwood ? 

-A large section of the Evangelical Clergy are sanguine enough to believe, 
th&ti the action taken in the case of Mr. Tooth, at Hatcham, will have a 
crasLing effect upon the Ricualists, and lead to a large secession of them from 
the Established Church. We shall rejoice if it does, but we fail to see the 
dig^litest prospect of such a result. There is very little spirit of self-sacrific3 
in til© Church of the present day. Neither Ritualists nor Evangelists have 
iho^n much of it that we can see, in these latter days of darkness and peril. 

§,tcalitdlxaxts oi "fission Wiaxk in Sierra "^toixt 

"While on the eve of starting for my field of toil in Africa, I spent a tew 

* days in Cheltenham, with my dear friend the Rev. L. J. Wake. During my 

brief stay at his house, I received a visit from Dr. Bowen, the Bishop elect 

of Sierra Leone. As I was to precede him to our adopted country, he said 

he lioped, on his arrival, we should be good friends, and strive together for 

the glory of Christ. When we were separating for the last time in the mother 

country, his last words to me were, ' * Depend upon it, Mr. Trotter, we shall 

i find, one of the chief means of elevating the African people to be, tlie suitable 

I traifiing of the iKitive children and young 'people. ^^ His courteous and Christian 

■dyings refreshed and comforted me. 

Jt was my happiness to be one of the first to welcome this model Bishop 

^^ his noble wife to the shores of West Africa ; and the friendship formed in 

^'^gland was cemented in Africa, and continued without the least interruption 

?^J^ God took them. Mrs. Bowen was the first to succumb to the pestilen- 

^* <*limate of " The White Man's Grave ;" and Bishop Bowen — brave, strong, 

^^ Useful as he was — soon followed his sainted wife to the land of silence. I 

Card him preach his first sermon in Africa. It was preached in Freetown, on 

1 f^^^tmas Day, 1867, from the words, ** Rejoice evermore/' in wliich sermon 

*'^f erred with much genuine feeling to Christmas gatherings at home. I 

vfj^ ftlso present at his first Ordination Service, which he conducted with 

^ponxing solemnity. Dr. Livingstone was also present, and was much 

uj^^sted in the service. It was my privilege to sing from the same Hymn- 

^Pj^^ "with the heroic Livingstone on that memorable occasion. It was my lot, 

^?^> to hear the good Bishop's last sermon, from the words ** Set your affec- 

jjj^** on things above, and not on things on the earth." Three days after this, 

^^ gf eat soul went home to God. J. Trottek. 

u^^J^ anything were needed to prove that the Free Church of England is the 
1^2?^ practical means of checking the assumptions of the Sacerdotalists, and 
^^^Siug even the bishops to something like a sense of their duty, we should 
<c^^ it in the case of Littlehampton : ** While the town," says the Nm:^^ 
without any practical remedy for Ritualism, a secoivd cYixwOa. \(^'& ^sav 


apparent impossibility. The Bishop was helpless, or seemed to be so ; and 
had nothing better to offer than lame regrets concerning matters which it 
appeared to ontsiders hu was encouraging to an alarming degree by inaction 
No sooner, however, is a Free Church of England set on foot than the 
Bishop can see his way to sanction something else. Under his encourag»> 
ment — at least, we presume so— this new scheme has so far grown as to have 
secured the Vicar s sanction to certain provisions, and to have brought the 
more independent church almost to a standstill, although we honestly believe 
that in the present condition of tiie Church of England security for the 
worship of Protestants is of the most slender kind . But if in inaction, what 
then ? The new movement is paralysing the older one ; and should that 
older one collapse, we are ungenerous enough to think the other would very 
soon be among the things that have passed. It is a step, only fanned into 
existence and kept alive by the alarm of the Free Church of England, and in 
the absence of that would scarcely long survive. It behoves the people of 
Littlehampton to consider this well, and not allow the individual excellence 
of the promoters of an associated Church of the Establishment to lead them 
into a course which may ultimately put the place in precisely the same con- 
dition as it was before the Rev. Philip Norton came into Littlehampton. 
The town surely ought to have, if for its business interests only, a Church 
of some kind approved by Churchmen who do not feel ashamed of their 
Protestantism; and it never had such an opportunity as now. Matters 
appear to us as if this opportunity were going to be lost." 

One Autumn I spent a very pleasant, quiet month at Exmouth. On 
the first Sunday, going home from church, I saw two little boys running on 
before me. I fancied they were Sunday-school scholars. They were carrying 
their Bibles and hymn-books, and one of them in his haste dropiped hie 
Biblo. I now felt pretty sure that he, at any rate, was a Sunday-school 
scholar. Why ? No, not because he was careless about his Bible, I didn't 
mean that, but because out of his Bible fell one of those reward tickets 
called "prayers and promises." Little cards with a word or two of pray©^» 
and a text containing some precious ** promise" from God's word. Well, 
1 picked it up, and then shouted after tlie little boy ; but it was no use, J^ 
ran so fast that he was soon beyond all hearing. Running away, full of ^^ 
and spirits, but heedless altogether of his lost '* promise " \ As I stood for * 
moment with the card in my hand, my thoughts went travelling far awfty. *? 
my own dear little school at home, and I couldn't help thinking with a ^^"^ 
how many boys and girls in tJiat school carelessly lose their * ' prayers ^^J^ 
promises." Not their tickets — though some of them, especially the yoiii^^jT 
ones, have a marvellous way of getting rid of their tickets — whether i^^ ' 
eat them or not I can't tell, but it is astonishing what a loss and deteri^'^ 
tion there is in the circulation of tickets in the Sunday-school. Bt^'^'-j 
wasn't thinking of these tickets then, but of the real " promises " of Qr^^^ 
Holy Word. The promise on this little card was : — ^ 

" Ask and it shall he given " (Luke xi. 9). — " Ask, and it shall be given- ' 
As I stood there the beautiful blue sea, with its white ctested waves, ^^ -% 
before me, stretching away for miles and miles ; ah ! as far as the eye ca ^^ 
reach, and I could not but think that boundless as it seemed, how still m^^^ 
boundless in love was this precious promise of the Lord Jesus to it^ 
Sunday-school boy ! *' Ask arid it shall he given ! " Ask for what ? Why, 
for pardon and peace, for the spirit of' God, and for everlasting, etor 
boundless, never-ending life in a kingdom of glory and beauty, and ^^it sh 


given." Given for the asking. Oh! I wondered whether » that little 
aghtless boy knew what a precious " promise " he had <lropped. 
Well, it seemed a pity that this ticket should be lost, so I thought I 
lid just go after dinner time, when the children would be likely to be on 
ir way to school, and try and find the owner, and 1 can assure you 
>und this "prayer and promise'' very useful, and quite a card of intro- 
tion to many little boys. I stepped several, and asked them if they had 
>&*' Prayer and Fromise.'^ Some poor little fellows stared and didn't 
'W what I meant, and these I found knew nothing about the blessings of 
mday-school. I soon found out who were the Sunday-school boys, for 
>Te answering " No, Sir," they generally opened their Bibles or their 
an-books, or dipped hurriedly iuto their pockets to see if their tickets 
e safe. But although I didn't find the owner of the lost '* promise," the 
:ch gave me some blessed opportunities of talking to the boys, not only 
of school but in school, and whilst I was in Exmouth I paid a visit to 
rly every Sunday-school in the town, and it is astonishing how many 
igs I found to say to little boys about the lost promise. 


'* What has become of my boy ? " said a poor woman to a Sunday-school 
iher one Sunday evening. ** What," he replied, " has he not come home ? " 

! I have not seen him since dinner." 

The boy had been sent to school, but had not returned to his tea as usual, 
the mother, becoming alarmed, had sought his teacher, thinking he' 
ht know something of him. 

[arry was the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. The poor 
her did what she could for tfie lad, but the loss of a father, as a restraining 
controlling influence over a boy's life, is always a groat loss. Harry was 
ell-disposed lad enough, but, like otlier boys in our large cities, was 
3sed to many temptations and the inlluence of bad examples. "Evil 
cnunications corrupt good manners," and Harry must have been sadly 
upted, for of late he had given great trouble to his teacher. The boy had 
Lually grown into a disobedient and hardened lad. Many were the efforts 
e to reclaim and reform him, but in vain. Every attempt had utterly 
d to effect any change in his conduct or character. At last his example 
•me dangerous to the discipline and good order of the school. What to 
Bvith him was the difficulty, for the thought of his expulsion was too 
£ul to be entertained. At length, wearied out with his ill-behaviour, and 
■y means failing to reduce him to anything like order, it was at last 
ded, very reluctantly, to expel him from the school. 
This sad event had occurred on that identical Sunday that the boy had 
returned home from school as usual, and therefore the mother's inquiry 
bled the teacher, who immediately said, " I will go with you and search 
bim." They rushed down to the docks, thinking he might be lounging 
at, watching the ingress and egress of sliips, but no one had seen or 
•d anything of him there ; so they passed through the streets and lanes of 
city, and continued their search to a late hour, and then parted for the 
it. The search was renewed next day, and the next, and the next — a 
k passed, and still the boy did not turn up, nor could the slightest clue 
»btained of what had become of him. 

^tenths and years rolled by, but nothing was heard of the boy. If he 
dissolved into thin air he could not have more completely disappeared 
Q the world. His mother mourned long, and ultimately descended 
» the grave without hearing anything of him. The circumstance at the 
e made a great noise, and excited much sympathy, but in the course of 
^it slipped out of the public mind and was forgotten. St. James's 

001 was as full as ever, and taught by as devoted a baud of teachexi^ b^t 


Harry's schoolfellows had grown into men and women, and other boys and 
girls tilled the forms which Harry and his companions used to occupy in 
days of yore. 

One (lay, years after the date of these events, a sailor knocked at tho- 
door of .1 clergyman's house, inquiring " If Mr. ■ lived there V* 

" Yes," was the servant's reply, who answered the door." " What 
your business ?" 

*' I wish to speak to him," he said. 

The man was ushered into the study by request. 

•'You wish to see me?" said the clergyman, wondering what a »ulo! 
could want with him. 

" Your name. Sir, I believe is Mr. ? " 

" That is my name," the clergyman replied. " May I ask what is you 
business ?" 

"You were a teacher. Sir, in St. James's Sunday-school many years ago 
1 believe," said the man inquiringly, without noticing the clergyman*! 

** I was," he replied, his curiosity being now aroused, yet unable to con 
jecture what that had to do with the present interview. 

" I believe. Sir, you had a boy in your class," said the man again, in th 
same inquiring tone and manner, '* of the name of Harry," looking th 
clergyman full in the face. 

The clergyman gave a start. " I had," he said, eagerly adding, " C 

you give me any information respecting him ? He suddenly disappearedfS 
from the City many years ago, and was never heard of afterwards V 

" My object, Sir, in calling upon you was to give you that information. ^ ' 

The clergyman was now thoroughly aroused, and listened with the deepe^^ 
interest to the following statement : — 

"Well, Sir," said the sailor, "when the lad was expelled from tbi« 
school, he felt that he had lost the best friends he had in the world, and i^xi 
his despair rushed down to the Quay, and accosting the first captain he md'fc, 
inquired if he wanted a lad. 

" ' Want a lad ? ' said the captain, eyeing the^^boy from head to foo'fc. 
' W^hy, yes I do ; do you want to go to sea 1 ' 

" * Yes, Sir,' the boy replied. 

" * Well, I don't mind taking you,' he said, * if you can bring me a good 

" Alas ! Here was a dilemma ! He had never thought of that, and x^^ 
for a moment confounded and bewildered, and hung down his head- ■■"^ 
dismay ; but suddenly recollecting that on the fly-leaf of his Bible tb-^^® 
was written, * a reward for good conduct,' he hastily took it out of ^^^ 
pocket, and presenting it to the captain, and pointing to the words, BfM^'^ * 
' Will that do, Sir ? ' ^ , 

" ' Yes,' said the captain, after looking at it, * that will do ; go on boar* ^-^[^ 

"The lad stepped on board, and the wind freshening, the ship slipg^ ^^1 
her anchors, and was out to sea in a few hours, consequently all traces 
him were lost. ^ -^^ 

" At sea, Sir," said the sailor, continuing his narrative, " he led a vr ^^ 
and reckless life. He grew up to manhood on the ocean, and all restrai^^^^- 
being now withdrawn, he gave rein to his vicious habits, and recklea^^' 
plunged into all the excesses of a depraved and corrupt life. The dang^^^ 
proverbial to a seafaring life were not unknown to him. He had been -^^ ^ 
dangers oft, and had had many hair- breadth escapes of his life, but wither '•-^^ 
producing any impression upon him, or in the slightest degree checking h£-^ 
in his mad career. At length. Sir " 

" Yes," said the clergyman, getting intensely interested in his story. -m 

"Wei J, Sir, 1 was going to say, that at length one night, in an awf"*^ 


3, the ship was totally wrecked, and be was plunged into the seething 
^6,. the sea at the time running mountains high ; but be was a good 
amier, and reached what proved to be a rock at a little distance off, and 
trivei in the dark, by dint of great effort, to reach the top. He had 
.n, he thought, escaped a watery grave, and was congratulating himself on 
good luck, when it suddenly occurred to him that possibly it was a 
•en rock in mid-ocean, for he bad not the remotest idea where he was, 

might after all be left there to perish of starvation, which thought 
ktly alarmed him. And now, to add to his dismay, be •discovered that the 

was rising. And, oh horrors ! in a short time it would possibly rise above 
level of the rock. Alas ! the rock after all then was not above high water 
k, and the conviction flashed through his soul that at length his last hour 

arrived, and he gave himself up for lost. By this time the tide had 
hed his feet, and in an agony he fell on his knees for the first time in his 

and cried for mercy ! And there swept over his soul a more terrible 

than that which had swept his body overboard. His whole life stood 
before him, with all its guilt and sin, and he trembled at the idea of 
ting an angry God ! But there, on a barren rock, ih the depths of a 
: night, but darker still in soul, amid the howling of the winds and the 

of the waters, he poured out his soul in one agonizing cry, ' God be 
3iful to me a sinner,' vowing that if God would spare his life, that life 
lid be given to.Him. And now all his school days came rushing back into 
nind, the Scriptures he had learnt, the hymns he had sung, the prayers 
lad heard, and the instruction he had received, all came back again. He 
a boy at school once more, and it melted his hard heart, and humbled 
in deepest abasement. The fountains of the great deep were broken up, 
he rained bitter tears of repentance, and made a full surrender of himself 
od on the spot. The Lord heard his prayers, for though the tide rose till he 
i up to his armpits in water, at that point it began to recede, until it had 
a left the rock high and dry. The day was then just breaking. To his sur- 
i he found he was not far from land. He was descried from the shore and 
led. His life was saved, and, what is more, his soul was saved too. 
tepped on shore a new man, determined, by God's grace, to lead a new 
and at once, if possible, to undo some of the mischief he had caused. 
>ecame as decided and earnest for God as he had been for the devil, and 
as bold in God's cause as he had been in the devil's service. He 
n with his comrades. He read the Bible to them, prayed for them and 
them. No amount of ridicule, or opposition, or persecution deterred or 
mraged him, and he soon gained such an influence over them as in the 
to win their respect and esteem, for he had been the means of the 
ersion of many." 

'he clergyman had listened with breathless interest to this story, and 
I the man stopped he was going to say — but the sailor, interrupting him, 

" I have one thing more to add ; I am Harry, Sir, your old scholar, 

[ ." 

'he clergyman, starting to his feet, exclaimed, " You Harry I you Harry ! 
possible ? " and rushing to the sailor, grasped him by the hand, and held 
jht. ** You Harry ! " he cried again ; " thank God, thank God ! O, my 
friend, how glad I am to see you, and to hear of God's grac& and mercy 
3U." And they mingled their tears and their prayers together. 
t need not be added that Harry was a welcome guest in his old teacher's 
je, who in the meantime had become a clergyman, and was livin^j at a 
3ry not far from the city where both teacher and scholar had formerly 
1. There is little more to be added. Harry went to sea again ; and some 
years afterwards another sailor called to say that Harry had gone home. 
' Then he has finished his course," said the clergyman. " 1 Iiopo he was 
•ful to the end." 
*Died at his post. Sir," said the sailor. "We ne'er shall ft^e Im Ivka 



again. He sacrificed his life for us, Sir, and in the service of his Lord. 
He would visit the sick in the hospital ; he was one of the best of nurses, and 
incessant in praying and reading with the sick and the dying. He canght 
the yellow fever in these visits, and passed away to glory, mourned and 
loved by all. ' He rests from his labours, and his works do follow him.' " 

There are two lessons to be drawn from this true story. First, never 
despair of the worst and most hopeless character in the school, and never 
expel a boy if it can possibly be avoided. 

Next, let no Sunday-school teacher be discouraged by the want of success. 
Lee him "sow in hope and labour in hope," "casting his bread on the 
waters," with the assurance " that it shall be found after many days." From- 
the most unlikely field has been reaped before now the richest harvest. 


[ff 'e do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions expressed by our 



To the Editor of the Free Cfiurch of England Magazine. 

Sir, — The enemies of our Protestant Church are incessantly at work- 
** in season and out of season " — in con*upting the rising generation. 

To meet these " false brethren who have crept into the Church of EnglanJl 
unawares " is no oas.y task; for they are " full of all subtlety and deceivable^ — ' 
ness of speech." By corrupt hymn and devotional books, pictures, imager — ' 
decorations, sensuous attractions, they captivate and charm our young people^ 
and make material impressions upon them which, when once made, arc=^ 
extremely difiicult to be removed. The sad mischief that these so-callecS^ 
I)riests (or bold apostates) have already made and are still making among thf^ 
yoimg, is as distressing as it ought to he most alarming to those of us who artz^ 
grounded in tlie history and doctrines of the Reformation, and who ar^^ 
anxious earnestly to contend for the faith once delivered to the saints. 

Besides lectures and sermons, to be delivered at least once a month to ^ijntzrs 
young children and teachers in our Church of England congregations (SrAir^i 
OR Free), I strongly advocate the wholesale dissemination in our Sunday 
schools of simple, short, and pithy tracts adapted to youthful mind& 
and I beg to suggest such tracts, as leaflets, being delivered to the youn . 
wholesale as they leave church or school, or the lecture-room, after hea ring^m ? 
sermons and lectures on the Protestant Bible religion. 

I suggest also that these anti-ritualistic tracts should be extensively bL'* t 
judiciously circulated in those parishes and districts infested by these jesuiticf^-l 
and domineering traitors. 

I suggest, further, that the whole system of Romanism, Ritualism. Sace"»-"- 
dotalism, and especially the horrors of the degrading Confessional and *-^^ 
nunneries and convents, be prominently brought before our youth. 

The miniature editions of " Foxes Book of MartjTS," and " BunycL'^ 
Pilgrim's Progress," ought to be circulated by hundreds of thousands am«'*-^*'<' 
our schools throughout the land. , 

Let us all, Sir, be up and doing in these perilous times of sham forTJ^* 
religion and gross hypocrisy; for tliese Romanizers, gaining a hold u^^^^jf 
])arishes and creating animosity in families, would seek by physical force? * . 
they had the power, to undo (as they impudently avow their dishoi^^^ 
intention to undo) the work of the Reformation in England. In my opini-^^ j 
as a State Churchman and a lawyer, Ritualism is an anti-social systen»-^ ^^^ 
j)riestcraft, superstition, and idolatry of the worst kind, repugnant to the ^^^^ ^ 
Hud letter of our laws, the morals of the people, and the best interests c^^ 
free and enlightened State. — I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 

Newport, Isle of Wight, February^ 1877. George Prince Joyce. 



lU eommunications for this department must he sent direct to the Editor, New 
Maiden, ^Surrey, not later than the ISth of the month.] 

CHELTENHAM.—NoRTH Place Church. 
On Thursday, February 1st, the Rev. W. M. Lennox delivered a lecture 
his recent visit to Mount Vesuvius, including Capri, Herculaneum and 
mpeii, Puteoli, Baise, and other scenes of interest along the Neapolitan 
si. Photographs of the principal places were exhibited by means of the 
ae Light. Alderman Willmott presided, and a good collection was made 
iid of the Restoration Fund. 

On Friday, February 2nd, the members of the choir of North Place 
irch, with tbeir wives and friends, sat down to an excellent supper, 
7ed in the schoolroom, and provided by the liberality of the managers. 
)ut fifty were present. The Rev. W. M. Lennox, and Messrs. Mills, 
les, and Thomas Mills, presided at the tables. Speeches, interspersed 
h music, occupied the remainder of the evening, though the company 
3re separating: did not fail to express their thanks to the managers for 
ir generous hospitality. 

ILFRACOMBE. — Christ Church Free Chuch of England. 
The annual Tea Meeting was held at the Town Hall, on Wednesday, 
uary 31. Wet, cold, arid uncomfortable though the weather was, about 

hundred people sat down to tea, and the several tables were presided 
r by the following ladies : Mesdames Brown, Devonald, Mogridge, Keall, 
3r, Hussell, and Misses Price (2), Marshall, Hobbs, Moule, and Hax- 
le. At the Public Meeting in the evening, the Hall was filled. After 
fing a hymu, the Bishop offered prayer, and then addressing the 
sting, said he would not occupy them with a long speech, for he was 
ious to give as much time as possible to their friend the lecturer. But 
could not help saying how pleased he was to see so many present on 
1 an unpropitious night. Ee felt thankful to God for enabling them 
ather together again as they had done in many previous years. Miss 
Je then played a pianoforte solo, ** Lays of Albion." The Bishop ex- 
ised his regret at the unavoidable absence of the Revs. F. F. Medcalf 

W. Spilsbury, after which the Rev. J. Bainton addressed the meeting, 

the '* Responsibility of Influence,*' which he enforced by many 
itnents and illustrations. Miss Marshall then sang, ^^He shall feed 

flock,*' arid Miss Price played a pianoforte solo. Bishop Price then 
>duced the lecturer, the Rev. Albert Hockley, who congratulated him 
he happy gathering of Christians of all denominations, and delivered a 
• able and interesting lecture on Electricity. Bishop Price warmly thanked 
Lecturer, and called on Dr. Slade-King, as Hon. Sec. to the Science and 

classes, who said he was sure that he was anticipating the unanimous 
». of those present in proposing a hearty vote of thanks to the lecturer 
the interesting experiments he had shown them that evening, experi- 
ts which were the outcome of the long labours of scientific men. He 
Vd include with his proposed vote of thanks to the lecturer, one to the 
'- Bishop Price, who had procured them the treat, and who was a 
1-working member of the Science and Art Committee. The Rev. Albert 
skley acknowledged the compliment, but assurred them they were 
ebted, if indebted they were, to the Bishop, who had brought him there. 
'be Right Rev. Bishop Price thanked all for their kind vote, and for the 
d assistance they had given that evening, especially he mentioned Miss 
rshall, whose talent-, he hoped, would always be devoted to a noble 



LUDLOW. — Tkinity Free Chuboh op Enqlanb. 
On Wednesday evening, February 7, the members and friends connected 
with tliis Church assembled, at the invitation of the Kev. J. Renny, in the 
Good Templar Hall, Brand-lane, to partake of a social cup of tea. About K 
one hundred accepted the invitation. The proceedings commenced with an 
exposition of the Canons of the Free Church, its doctrineSj and its worls- 
A hymn, " He cafeth for me," was then sung, after wbich tea was servecL 
An address on " The Tabernacle,'' illustrated with diagrams, was also givox 
by the Rev. James Renny. The Rev. incumbent, in suitable terms, spo'tee 
of the services rendered by Mr. A. J. Smith and his family during a period 
of eighteen months, more especially those of Miss C. E. Smith, who h^fc^d 
cheerfully and assiduously performed the duties of harmonionist ; and in tl:** 
names of the members of the congregation of the Free Church of EnglaiL^:^ 
presented Miss Smith with a very handsomely-carved Swiss sandal-woc^d 
Casket, an Harmonium album, and two volumes of Rimbault's "Voluntaries* 
for the Harmonium.'' 

NEW MALDEN.— Trinity Free Church op England. 
On Sunday, February 18th, special sermons were preached in this churc^^'a 
in aid of the Sunday School. The Incumbent preached in the morning fro^rai 
Deuteronomy xi. 18, and spoke very earnestly upon the duty of the Chur^ * 
in seeing to the spiritual instruction of the young. In the evening, tt^ « 
prayers were read by the Rev. J. Wilkie, of Teddington. The sermon waa-'^ 
preached by the Right Rev. Bishop Sugden, from Matt, xviii. 2: "Ai »>^ 
Jesus called a little child unto HiiM, and set him in the midst of them." 
is seldom that we have listened to an address so appropriate in every 
to the occasion ; so full of prof.iund wisdom, practical advice, and heart 
stirring piety. To all the it was a great encouragement, and ? 
are sure that the Bishop's kind words and earnest appeal, must have ii 

effect in arousing in the Church a lively interest in the welfare of tl 
Sunday school. Special hymns were sung by a choir of young peopl^^, 
under the direction of Mr. Lee, the organist, and the Bishop afterwari* 
expressed his satisfaction at the efficiency and heartiness manifested in tki* 
part of the worship. 

PUTNEY. — Emmanuel Free Church of England. 
An afternoon *' Service for Children '' is now held, on the last Sunday ^tJi 
every month, in the Church. This we trust will tend to promote tl:a.e 
establishment of a vigorous Sunday-school. The Rev. H. O. Myers isgivix^g 
a very interesting series of Thursday Evening .Lent Lectures on l)or< 
celebrated Pictures. 

SOUTHAMPTON.— St. John's Free Church of England 
We are glad to hear that now life has been infused in the church. 
Southampton, and that our friends are thinking of enacting schools upon 
land adjoining the church. At a recent teachers' meeting, this subject "V" 
discussed. Mr. E. J. RuiFell was re- appointed Hon. Secretary to 
Sunday-school. * 

St. GEORGE'S BERMUDA.— Free Church of England. 
We are glad to receive a favourable report from the Church. From 
Bermuda Colonist, we learn that the Rev. R. A Bilkey has delivered an a^ 
lecture on Henry VIII. and the English Reformation. On Ohristmiis I> 
an early six o'clock. Morning Service was held at the Young Men's Cbrist 
Association, the music being furnished by the Free Church of Engl 
Sunday-schools. Addresses were delivered, among others, by the R 
Mr. Bilkey, and W. C. Hyland, Esq., Superintendent of the School. 

TOTTING TON. —St. John's Free Church of England. 
The seventh annual treat to old people residing within a certain radius 
Tottington, took place on January 27th. About 300 persons partook of 


THE editor's table. 59 

;ea in St. John's Free Church of England School. Among this 
included sixty-eight old men, and ninety-eight old women. After 
oceedings were presided over by Mr. Hugh Roberts. There were 
latform the Revs. J. Br un skill ^the pastor), C. Freeman 
d), R. Johnson, Esq. (Manchester), and other gentlemen. 
AIRMAN delivered a brief address, in the course of which he said 
•t think that " auld acquaintance" ought to be forgot, such 
ts that were the very times when they should sing the song — 
all met together to have a friendly cup of tea, and when they 
y each other's company, exchange friendly greetings, and wish 

a Happy New Year. There were many present whom he had 
V since he was a lad. Some were at their first annual gathering 
s ago, when there were 140 present. At the present meeting 
in increase in the number, but not quite as many as last year, 
3g died since that time. Some twenty or thirty were kept away 
jlemency of the weather — indeed some of the oldest, between 
n and ninety, could not come on that account, and he suggested 
ht be better to have the treat in summer time. In conclueion he 
m alia Happy New Year, and said he was very glad to see them. 
V. J. Brunskill pointed out that more of the old people had 
y the past year than in the preceding year. Many of them were 
ist Spring during the bitterly cold weather. Whilst the old folks' 

going on, twelve months ago, one of the oldest women drew her 
The oldest woman present (Betty Birtwistle) was eighty-seven, 
lest man (Squire Nuttall) was eighty-six, and to each of those he 
alf -crown. 

jllent programme of s;lees and selections were gone through by the 
ch was conducted by Mr. H. G. Roberts, and Mrs. Harris 
as accompanist, Mr. ^. Johnson (Manchester), and Rev. C. 
Birkenhead), also delivered brief addresses. 

lowing day the " Old Folks' " Service was held in the Church, at 
t of the old people assembled. The service was read by the Rev. 
n, of Birkenhead, and the sermon was preached by the Rev. J. 
from Proverbs xvi. 31 : " The hoary head is a crown of glory, if 

in the way of righteousness," He began by saying it all turned 
3 word If. An old man had said, he would attend the service If 
JB,3 better, snd an old woman said, If her pain wixa gone, she 
?. He went on to say. If there was no sin, there would be no 
erino:, and that old age itself, as well as its infirmities, were the 
1. He dwelt on the secret of a happy old age, and how to attain 
istances of what he himself had witnessed ; how that religion can 
py old age, and give a bright hope of heaven. The sermon was 

with marked attention^ and would, doubtless, lead to serious 
ti the part of many wbo had lived to three score and ten. 

'fors. By Widwoethy. 8vo., sewed. Colmcr, 48, Hunter- street. 1875. 

of two clergymen — a Ritualist and an Evangelical — ^and their efforts to 
3rding to their respective views. How the vagaries and innovations of 
^ht trouble into the parish, and how the quiet benevolent life and work 

brought respect and peace are well told. As a specimen of the produc- 
* Ladies printing press for the employment of necessitous gentlewomen," 
rard it much commendation. Printed in a bolder type, and on paper of a 

and with a due regard to other business details, the tale mightjhave 
; which it deserves — ^but is not likely to have — a large circulation. 


Sunday Evening Stories from ike Bible. By Habbiet Poweb. 12mo., dotili. Sunal .] 

Bagster and Sons, Paternoster Row. 
A pretty volatne for the younfif folks. The stories are told in language simple yit 
attractive, and in a manner well adapted to print the truth on the mind of clukUbood. 

A Short Hebrew Grammar Without Points. By Samuel Shabpb. Samuel Bagsfear 

and Sons, Paternoster Row. 
A very concise and nsefal grammar, published in a cheap form, and adminA^ 
printed. The preface contains some cogent reasons against the use of the points. 

The Secrets of tJie Heart. A Report on the Confessional. Compiled by Movtacru 
K BuTLEB. 12mo. Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row. 
A collection of opinions of some thirty ex-Roman Catholic priests, who, u 
penitents and confessors, have had an intimate acquaintance with the character of ftl 
Confessional. There is here enough, and more than enough, to show the degradiBg 
and immoral tendency of auricular confession. 

Book of Common Prayer. " Gem " Editions. Samuel Bagster and Sons, FkternoBtar 

With the exception of some of the Elzevir editions of the classics, we have not i 
such beautiful specimens of minute typography as in the '* Gem ** editions of tiie Book 
of Common Prayer, published by Messrs. Bagster. The type is so dear, and fti. 
printing so accurate, that they arc much easier to read than an ordinaiy brevis 
edition. The only drawback to our pleasure whilst examining these handsomfllj 
bound and exquisitely printed little volumes, was that they are unrevised. Had im 
our Revised Fi'ayer Book printed like these what a charming volume it would be i9 
present to our young people. 


Mr. Everard. — The Canons now form the Bye-laws of the Free Churoh of England. Thflv u 
printed in a pamphlet form, and may be obtained of Messrs. Partridge, Fatemosteiviow, *iifw ^ 
any bookseller, price Is. Should there be any difficulty in obtaining a copy, we will forwHdtt 
post free on receipt of twelve stamps. » 

Miss A. Shafpnell. — We are sorry that the lines are not suitable to our Magazine. 

Mb. G. Kemp. — We have received a guinea from our correspondent towards the " Eztenaioii Vtai4" 
which we shall have much pleasure in handin<^ it to the Treasurer. 

F. C. — Probably composed by Cranmer. The beautiful Collect for Quinqnagesima Son&y is ski 
one of the Reformation Collects, and written in 1.049. " Lent," in the old Saxon langaage^ i 

fied Spring. The Collect for the Sunday next lieforc Easter was retained from tfae , 

Liturgies, it w found in the Sacramentary of St. Gregory ; in the Liturgy of St. Ambrose ffc ii 
appointed for Good Friday. 

Received.— 2%ff Jiermuda Colonist, The fiouthampton Times, The Surrey Comet, The AppedL Leltan 
from Rev. W. M., Rev. Dr. Lane. Miss Sharpe, Mr. W. H. Simms, Itev. J. Carrow, Rer. E. Dotldl^ 
Rev. G. Hogbcrt, Sir Tilson Marsh Tilson, Rev. W. M. Lennox, Mr. Ruffell, Rev. J. Brnnddl^ 
Right Rev. Bishop Price, Mr. H. Alexander, Mr. G. H. Jones, Rev. R. A. Williams, Ber. P. X 
Eldridge, Mrs. Thoresby, Mr. J. L. Hamilton 


The Monthly Meeting of the Council of the Free Church of England, will be held 
(d.t.) at 3, Westminster Chamhers, Victoria-street, Westminster, on Tneflday, 
March 13th, at 3 o'clock. F. S. Meebtweather, Son. See, 

Will he held at Emmanuel Free Church of England, Liverpool, on' Monday, Harch 
26th, at 12 o'clock, at which important husiness will be transacted. Ministen ami 
Wardens, if possible, will please to attend. 

Are requested to meet on Tuesday, March 13th, at 2.30 p.m., at Westminster 
Chambers. W. H. Simms, Auditor. 

All letters, MSS., Books for Review, Notices of Meetings and Reports, should be 
sent direct to the Editor, New Maiden, Surrey. 

Advertisements to J. D. Appleton, 7, St. John's-terrace, St. John's-street-ioa^ 
London, E.C. Scale of Prices as follows : One Page, £1 Is. ; Half Page, 128. 6^^ 
Quarter Page, 7s. 6d. Bills stitched, £1, Short Advertisements, 6d. per Ihie. 


APRIL, 1877. 

We are sorry that it should be necessary again to call attention to the 
Central Fnnd — the fand oat of which the general expenses of the Free 
Church of England as a movement most be met. It mast be — anless, 
indeed, there is more selfishness among onr Charches than we should like 
to believe — ^that the claims of this fund upon the consideration of every 
congregation is very inadequately understood. Some have been content 
to receive all the benefits of past exertion and expenditure, bnt have 
never once regarded it as incumbent upon them to contribute towards 
this fand. Yet there is not a Free Church of England but owes much to 
the assistance rendered by the Executive Council. Not, perhaps, in 
actaal money grants^ but in the important benefits resulting from that 
organization and machinery which the Council, at the cost of much time, 
labour, and money, have effected^ and continues to maintain. Every 
hundred pounds spent in making known and defending the principles of 
the Free Church of England — whether by printing, by meetings of Con- 
vocation, or other measures — reflects a benefit, not only upon the whole 
as a religious movement, bnt upon the status and prosperity of every 
individual Church. This ought not to be lost sight of, and every con- 
gregation ought loyally to acknowledge its obligation by an annual col- 
lection. The time for the meeting of Convocation is rapidly approaching, 
and we therefore venture to remind ministers and Church officials of their 
^nty. The work grows, and money is urgently needed, not only to meet 
present responsibilities, but to enable the Council to carry on that great 
Protestant work which is daily becoming more important, and to the 
^'^^omplishment of which, events seem, in the providence of God, to point 
•• tte special mission of the Free Church of England. 


Od February 18th, the Bight Rev. Bishop Fallowes preached at Emmanod 
Church, Ottawa, in support of an effort to place the Church on a sotod 
financial basis, and with a view of clearing off some of the remaining debt of 
fifteen thousand dollars. The result was certainly most remarkable. Attbe 
close of the sermon the Kev. Mr. Hunter stated the case, and the subscnp- 
tions were then received. At the close of the day the amounts given in and 
promised reached the large sum of seventeen thousand four hundred dolian, 
clearing off the whole of the debt, and leaving a handsome balance in hand. 
As an acknowled(;;ment, and to show their gratitude, the Church afterwudi 
met, and passed a resolution to double their promised annual subsoriptumtoi 
the General Sustentation Fund. This is the kind of spirit — earnest and 
unselfish — that we should like to see manifested in our own Churches. Tha 
congregation of Emmanuel Church are deserving of all praise for the liberaliiy 
they have shown in this matter, and the visit of Bishop Fallowes, in coIlne^ 
tion with their financial scheme, will long remniQ a red letter day among ^ 
Reformed Episcopalians of Ottawa. 

^Ijt Jfrjeje Cj^urrj^ oi (gnglanir in i^ittltlja:mpt0ir- 

The Rev. P. .Norton has published in the Nev)8 of March 10th, afoU 
statement of the position of cmurch affairs at Littlehampton, and he com- 
plains with justice of the course taken by some who have been won overly 
the suavity and promises of the Bishop : — 

. '^ The unhappy ecclesiastical condition of things in Littlehampton had 
been notorious for some years. At last, invited by a letter from a gentleman' 
visiting at Littlehampton, the Free Church of England came to the resoufli. 
Services were begun and crowned with immediate and great suooeu. A I 
General Committee was formed, a Clergyman appointed, an excellent ajto 
secured (conditionally), and a public appeal issued and about ^£700 promiied 
towards building a church. But in Littlehampton nothing seems man 
unfortunate than success. As soon as our movement bids fair to secure for 
the town a truly Protestant church, gentlemen who for years have dow.j 
nothing but complain, start what must be regarded as a rival scheme. Thv 
rivalry is denied, but with equal justice and politeness the young cuckoo ni 
the sparrow's nest might deny any rivalry with the hapless bird he i* 
shouldering out. 

" The second point in which there is a grievance, is the manner in which 
this new Committee have set about their work. Members of the Free Chtocb 
Committee have been canvassed, and attempts made (too successfully in some 
instances) to get them to transfer their allegiance and their support to tfao 
newer movement. Not only so ; earnest and attached members of the con- 
gregation have been attacked with a similar object. Is this generous ? ^ 
it just ? 

** But it has been said to me by friends of this new movement, * We can- 
not sufficiently express our obligation to you ; before you came the Biuhop 
was deaf and theVicar obdurate,' and then it is hinted, ' You have done your 
work, why not gracefully retire.' Some have even been kind enough to add, 
* If on a future occasion we should want the Free Church we will send i(^ 
you.' Now it is very pleasant to be assured that one has been useful, and i 
should carefully consider the propriety of, like another Jonah, going ovex-^ 
board, for the sake of promoting an ecclesiastical calm, but for two reasons. 

"1st. — The unsatisfactory stattis of the proposed New Chmrch, I as* 
assured that at any time it can be suppressed by the Vicar or his sucossaof' 
It is at best a temporary scheme, whilst ours is permanent. The Bishop of 


hichester is to have the appointment of the minister ; and he is to be a 
Qioderate man.' Now moderate men are my special dislike ; because they 
"e the most dangerous. A thorough Ritualist is comparatively harmless. 
Lis flaunting robes act as a danger signal, and warn people from the doctrine. 
be dangerous men are those who, content with surplice in pulpit and 
Bymns Ancient and Modern ' in the pew, silently but surely instil the 
3ison of Sacerdotalism. 

"2nd. — It is my sorrovjful but fim\ conviction that iw movement in con' 
region with the Established CJiurch wUl be permanently Protestaivt. The tide 
\ Sacerdotalism is rising, it has swept away many of the clergy, not a few of 
le laity and some of the bishops. No Act of Parliament can stay its on- 
aid progress. Why 1 Because, unfortunately, the springs of Sacerdotalism 
"e in the Prayer-book. Whilst our Evangelical brethren can take their 
and upon the truly Protestant Articles, their far more active and far more 
isorupulous opponents magnify and glory in the rubrical and other bits of 
arlet. Extremes meet ; the President of the English Church Union, and 

President of the Prayer-book Society both declare (one with joy the other 
th sorrow) *• while this book remains unaltered the victory of Kitualism is 
ly a question of time.* 

" For these reasons, representing, as I do, a truly Protestant Episcopal 

lurch, for the sake of the present and still more for the sake of the future, 

un determined, the Lord being my helper, that St. Saviour's Church shall 

built. I am sure that the congregation, and, I believe, that the townsmen 

Littlehampton, will support me in this resolve. If some who at first 
^loomed the Free Church with open arms draw back, I shall regret their 
IS, but shall remember that the Lord can save by few as well as by many. 

" However, there is one practical matter in which I do trust that the 
iblic opinion of Littlehampton will make itself felt. There is a whisper 
Kt certain. gentlemen intend to transfer not only themselves but their sub- 
riptions to the rival movement. To this latter step I have a decided 
jection, and against it shall raise a vigorous protest. With honourable 
m a promise is equal to a gift, and when money has unconditionally and 
blicly been promised for a certain church, to that church alone should it 

"If, however, subscriptions should be transferred to the new movement, 
d the rival church be partly built with money belonging to St. Saviour's, 
camiot prosper. * The stone shall cry out of the wall, and the beam out 
the timber shall answer it.' The church will be known as St. Jacob's — the 
urch of the supplanter. I trust, however, that the voice of conscience and 
e rule of equity will prevail, and that all who have promised will be faith- 

1 to their promises. If so, the original scheme for a stone church can be 
fried out ; if otherwise, we must be content with a humbler building. 
Wher it be little or great, we shall have the satisfaction of knowing that 
. Saviour's will be a truly Protestant church, built for the good of men and 
e glory of God." 

It has been decided that Mr. Williams, the native Agent of the Sierra 
Htte Missions, is to visit England this year, and we are given to under- 
bid that he may be expected about the end of May. His duties will not 
Init him to remain long in this country, yet many who are interested in 
if African Missions will be anxious to see him, and to hear from his own 
^ some account of the important Christian work in which he is engaged. 
)iigregation8 and schools desirous of according a welcome to Mr. WiUiams, 
^d of hearing him preach or lecture on behalf of the African Missions, had 
•tter make early application to the Rev. J. Trotter, St. Paul's Parsonage, 
^beeltoD, Lancashire. 

A Tale of the Lollabds. 


Ohapteb v.— Appbehension of Gilbert. 
The scene in the quaint, old-fashioned parlour of Anthony Barton wool 
have made a fine subject for a painter. The brave manly bearing of Gilbtf 
as the monk with a dark and suspicious scowl approached ; the alarmed u 
excited look of Alice, who, with heightened and glowing beauty, stood besi( 
her lover, and had involuntarily, amidst this seeming danger, grasped him I 
the arm ; the perplexed and astonished Anthony, whose official importan* 
had lamentably given way before this unexpected turn of events; tl 
exulting malicious smile on the low-browed face of Geoffry ; and the eag 
curiosity depicted in the attitude and looks of the inferior questmen, ga 
altogether a strong dramatic character to the group. 

Brother Stephen, the monk, was the first to speak. Advancing to Gilbe 
he said : — 

" Gilbert Wright — my lord the Prior has been grieved to hear a chai 
against thee of heresy." 

"In what respect, I pray ? *' inquired Gilbert. " My conscience char| 
me not." 

" Thou shalt hear and answer the charge before by lord the Prior, iR 
will first inquire of thee concerning this matter ? " 

" What matter ? " 

" Nay, pretend not to innocency. Master Wright. There is one her 
exclaimed the monk, pointing to GeoSry, " who avouches that thou h 
Wycliflfe's writings even now about thy person ! " 

" Whflt ! Geoffry ! " almost scream^ Master Barton, " Oh thou ly 
villain ! Thou sneaking, pitiful scoundrel — thou ! " 

"Silence!" shouted the monk, with a frown. "Would'st thou <3 
intimidate the knave in his duty ? Let Gilbert Wright deny the charge ii 


During this commotion, Gilbert remained silent ; but when thus appet 
to, he quietly replied : 

" If I am charged with heresy, I deny it. They alone are heretics ' 
pervert the truth." 

" But the book, the book ! hast thou the book 1 " 

" If I am charged with reading the Gospel, I care not to deny it." 

*' Where is it ?" exclaimed the monk. 

" Look within his doublet, reverend Sir ; look within his doublet," i 
Geoffry, in a low voice — but loud enough to be overheard. 

" The sneaking dastard of a cur," exclaimed the now excited chu 

" Silence ! " thundered the monk. 

But Gilbert quietly drew forth the little parchment volume, 
unclasping it, read aloud : "These things I command you, that ye love 
another. If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hi 

" Hold, heretic ! hold ! " shouted the monk. 

" Nay, quiet thine anger," replied Gilbert. *' Dost thou not recognh 
as the Gospel ; can'st this be an heretical book?" 

" Thou knowest that book," exclaimed the monk, " is unauthorized 
holy Church. It is one of the accursed and heretical paraphrases of Wycli 

" Accursed ! " said Gilbert with a shocked and troubled look. 

" Yea, accursed,'' replied brother Stephen, with excited anger. " Del 


it immediately, that it may be burned in accordance with the injunction of 
Uie King's Grace's Council." 

" Nay," firmly replied Gilbert ; " never ! '* 

The monk was enraged at this bold defiance ; anger flushed his brow, and, 
with a hasty spring, he reached forth, and snatched at the silken cord to 
which the volume was attached : the cord broke, and, in the unseemly scufile, 
the book fell on the floor. With a quick motion, Alice caught it up, and in 
the confusion the action was unseen by all, save by the vigilant eyes of her 
lover. The silken cord alone remained in the hands of the disappointed 
moiik ; and, under the impression that Gilbert had again thrust the book 
within his breast, he passionately exclaimed : 
« The book, heretic ; the book ! " 

Gilbert was silent. He rejoiced to know that the precious volume was in^ 
the hands of Alice. Amidst all the excitement, his thought was for her,, 
and with that peaceful, joyous smile again on his face, he breathed a prayer 
that the Word might prove to her a message of salvation and peace, as by 
God's blessing it had to him. 

Still more incensed at this imperturbable silence, the monk ordered the 
eonstahle to seize Gilbert in the King's name. Gilbert made no resistance, 
hut turning to Alice, whispered a few words of loving and tender farewell,, 
and bade her, for his sake, to have courage. 

" Read, my darling," said he, " the precious book of Christ's GospeL 
Take it as my parting gift, and may it comfort and bless thee." 
" Yes, Gilbert ; but oh, how can I part with thee.'* 
The words were uttered in a low moan of tender agony. It was indeed 
. a bitter trial to those loving hearts ; there was a very martyrdom of anguish 
in that parting. To the strongest and bravest, to those who can endure 
undaunted the peril of the deep or the din of battle, there is a cruel 
pang in a hopeless separation, that makes the strongest weak. As Gilbert, 
trembHng with emotion, was dragged away by the questmen, he looked back 
with a yearning tenderness and pity upon Alice, and saw her fall fainting 
into the arms of her uncle. 

Chapter VI. — Gilbert before Prior John. 

The Church of Kome had been so long the one great power in the world, 
Jad even in brave old England subdued princes and bowed the necks of 
l^ga ; had held, indeed, the mind of the nation so completely under her sway 
py the power of her false teaching, that she strove to suppress the feeblest 
indications of freedom in religious thought. So long as men were blind and 
Ignorant they could be led, and were of necessity compelled to feel a de- 
J*^dence upon her guiding hand. But when the Gospel was written in the 
^guage of common folk, when its glorious power and mighty truth touched, 
^ with healing rays, the darkened eyes, and shed a new light on the religious 
^6 of England, the monks and all the priestly orders of Papacy saw that their 
power was in danger. Fear bred cruelty and hate ; and one could hardly 
'^^Je believed it, had it not been stamped on the national mind in deeds of fire 
y^" blood, with what bitter malice And fiendish cruelty the priests en- 
**®4voured to maintain their sway over the consciences of Englishmen. 

History, it is said, repeats herself. Strange, how the history of Evangelical 
^th in the first century repeated itself in the fifteenth. It was not before 
Worldly power and might that Paganism trembled in the days of Caesar. The 
P^r fishermen of Galilee and the tent -maker of Tarsus shook the whole 
^^ric of mythological priestcraft. Contemptible in the eyes of Caesars arnd 
**^rod8— driven into the catacombs and cast to the lions — nevertheless, the 
P^^r Christians even in their martyrdom preached the doom of their op- 
P**«8or8. And so with this Paganism of Priestly Rome. In the fifteenth 


century, a poor Rector in a church, a few vulgar folk who hkd learned to md^ 
and who, in their zeal and love for this new-found truth, were eager to 
teach others to do the same, — these were the poverty-strioken and vulgir 
*' Gospellers/' who at first raised the contempt and then excited the fean of 
the Papacy. 

And these were the pioneers and evangelists of the English Reformatioo. 
What a great but silent work was done in quiet homes in those mdj 
days ! How the good news was spread; how the word was treasond; 
what sacrifices were made to get it ; and what sufferings were endond 
to keep it, no tongue has ever told, — no heart has ever known. Kuyt 
indeed, suffered and died for the Gospel and the right to reail it; and 
these *' Gospellers '' swell the list of our English martyrs. Bat the 
wretched system of priestly persecution ; the dogging, and traoking, 
and watching of men in their homes ; the petty cruelties, and ininlfi^ 
and tyrannies, which were borne for the Gospel's sake, no historian hai 
related ; and it is only incidentally in theT records of social and domesfcio life 
that we see how bitter was the hate, and how merciless the perBeoution of 
the monks towards the poor " Gospeners " of the fifteenth century. 

No wonder, then, that when Gilbert Wright was led as an arrested hezetie 
through the village of Studmore, the popular feeling was against him. Stad- 
morc was in the hands of the monks ; all connected with Studmore wm 
directly or indirectly under their sway. Self-interest helped the false teach- 
ing and kept up the tyranny of priestcraft. Some few, secretly touched 
with the new doctrines, held their tongues, and looked. on with fear 
and pity, but most of them, as they turned out from shop or house, joined 
in the cry : 

"A Lollard ! a Lollard ! down with the Lollards." 

This was a bitter experience to Gilbert. He had always stood well witii 
his neighbours. Indeed, he was popular in the village, and young and did 
regarded him with favour. But popular friendship was no proof against 
religious fear and bigotry. This sudden desertion and revulsion, as it weiOi 
of good feeling, struck like a chill to the heart of Gilbert. He felt alone. 

The quest soon reached the Priory, and Gilbert was ushered in to tTw 
great Refectory, where already assembled were the Prior, the rector, »B^ 
some of the monks. 

" Well," inquired Prior John, looking towards the monk, ''hast tb-^^ 
proof ? " 

" Ample ; not only has he now the book of Wycliffe's about his pers^^^ 
but he has dared to read it before us." 

" What say you, son," sternly demanded the Prior, turning to Gilbertf^ 

*' The book I had, reverend father, was no evil writing, but a fair 
of the Gospel by the holy evangel John." 


** In English," replied Gilbert. " 1 wit not Latin ; it was plainly 
in common tongue." 

''And therefore accursed, as the work of that evil-minded here 

" Accursed ! reverend father." 

*' Yes, accursed ! Holy Church alone hath keeping of God's Word, 
thou knowest, Gilbert ; that thou knowest.'* 

"I pray you be not angry, reverend father ; the Book is simple trut — 
The clerk at Andover tested it by the Latin, and vouched for the verity 
the translate." 

" It's false," exclaimed the Prior. " The book, doubtless, is that heretiCi-^^ 
version of Wycliffe's, condemned by the King's Grace's Council." 

" I ween not, reverend father," boldly replied Gilbert, *' the little book :: 
but Christ's gospel, unglossed with any comments of Master Wycliffe." 

" Tush ! Christ's gospel, indeed ! Treasonable lies against holy ChurdC^ 


i whose keeping is the true Gospel. It seemeth me," added the Prior, with 
frown, " to have led thee into grievous error." 

" It hath been a comfort,'' said Gilbert, 'Ho me and to many." 

'' Ah ! then thou hast been infecting others with thy Lollard heresy.^ 

** Heresy ! " exclaimed Gilbert : ** Christ's Gospel heresy ! " 

** Yea, heresy, when writ in that swinish tongue," angrily replied the 
*rior. " If thou wantest Christ's word, ask thou of the priest.'* 

** He saith, reverend father," answered Gilbert, ^ Let whosoever wilL 
ome.' " 

'* Ah ! I see thou hast gone far in thy Lollardy, and darest with argu- 
nent to show thy disaffection. Where is the book ? " 

Gilbert was silent. 

" Where is the book," demanded the Prior, in a loud and angry voice. 
* Deliver the book, I say, that we may cast it into the fire, lest it lead thee 
diere thyself." 

" I have it not," said Gilbert. 

*' What, dost thou lie ! heretic, beware ! " 

The face of Gilbert flushed, his eyes brightened with indignation, angry 
words rose to his lips, when he remembered his Lord's example under pro- 
vocation, and he meekly replied : 

" I speak the truth ; I have not the book." 

'* Not the book ! " exclaimed brother Stephen, with unfeigned astonish- 
ment, " Why, I saw it in thine hand, thou lying heretic ! " 

*'Thou didst," said Gilbert, still unruffled at this monkish brutality, 
''but when thou snatched at the cord it fell to the ground." 

" Believe him not, ray lord Prior, believe him not ; he hath the book for a 
surety under his doublet," said brother Stephen. 

"I demand thee, in the King's name, to deliver it," said the Prior; adding, 
as he saw that Gilbert made no sign, '* or I will order thee to be searched." 

**I object not, reverend father," said Gilbert, opening his doublet. 

Every pocket and fold was felt again and again, but in vain. Stephen the 
monk looked mortified and suspicious, whilst the Prior could with difficulty 
sappress his rage. At last, finding the search fruitless, he exclaimed : 

*^ What knavish trick is this ? " 

**Some necromancy of the. devil," muttered Stephen the monk, with a 
Afkened brow, and crossing himself as he spoke. *' 1 saw him with the 
ook, I swear." 

** Heretic ! " exclaimed the Prior, " Where is the book ? " 

** I have it not," was the reply. 
" Where is it, I ask, knave 1 " 

£ut Gilbert was again silent ; and, although the question was put again 
^<i again, he did not reply. So eager was the Prior to secure the Gospel 
H>]c that it might be burned, — so fearful indeed of the effect of the simple 
^JhI of truth, that he offered Gilbert liberty and even absolution if he would 
'^e information that would secure possession of the dreaded Word of God. 
^'^ neither persuasion nor threats availed. As a last resource the Prior 
"-opted a more gentle tone, saying : 

*' Gilbert, my son, tell me what thou knowest, lest this evil book lead 
^*iae others astray." 

•* I fear not, reverend father," replied Gilbert, " Christ leadeth not His 
^^Qp astray : He is a good Shepherd, and not a hireling. Nay, father, let us 
k-^lier hope that that Gospel book may comfort and bless its possessor, even 
^ it hath blessed and comforted me." 

, "Thou obstinate heretic!" shouted the now enraged Prior. "Away 
^^h thy vile Lollardry. Ho ! ho ! there ! Take him away to the cell 
^ t;he gate tower ; we'll find a way to make the fellow speak !" 

As Gilbert was hurritd away from the Refectory, the Prior advanced to 


the table, and ran^ a small hand-bell. A lay brother answered thesnmmooi 
and stood bare-headed awaiting the directions of his superior. 

" Go to the Scriptorium," said the Prior, "and bid Walter de Wyiiun 
attend me with pen and parchment : Haste ! I await his coming/' 

The lay brother turned, and was about to retire, when the prio 
impatiently called him back. 

"Stay!" said he. "See that a messenger be ready to carry a lette 
post haste to my lord of Winchester." 

rl^rttings from onx ^oit-^ooK 

The Rev. A. S. Richardson, of Great Malvern, preached at Southend on 
Sunday, March 18. 

On Sunday, March 25th, the Rev. S. J. C. Dicksee preached at the Free 
Church of England, High Wycombe. 

Thr Rev. J. Wilkie, of Teddington, preached at Christ Church, Willes 
borough, on Sundays, Miarch 4th and 11th. 

We hear that the Rev. Dr. Gregg has been asked to become the ministe: 
of the Free Church of England at Southend. 

The fifth General Council of the Reformed Episcopal Church is to t: 
held in Philadelphia, on the second Sunday in May. 

The state of Church matters at Bournemouth would fully justify tl 
immediate inauguration of a Free Church of England. 

A SBiALL publication, edited by the Rev. George Mackey, has been issa < 
At Cardiff, called the " St. PauFs Free Church Advocate." 

The Rev. H. Webb- Smith, of High Wycombe, preached on Sundsi'; 
March 25th, at Trinity Free Church of England, New Maiden. 

The only Church in this country in union with the Reformed Episcoc> 
Ohurch is the Free Church of England. The same principles and praotL^ 
govern both Churches. 

The Rev. Professor Bradshaw has resigned the chaplaincy of the Fr< 
Church of England at Lynmouth, and will probably preach in several of o^ 
churches during the next month. 

The Rev. H. 0. Meyers is publishing his recent lectures on Dor^ 
Pictures. By sending twelve stamps to Mr. Meyers, Lampton-roaX 
Hounslow, a copy will be sent post free. 

The Rev. Dr. Lane has recently visited Boston, Sleaford, Nottinghars 
Manchester, and Liverpool, and lectured on the desirability of a Protesta^ 
Reformed Episcopal Church for England and Scotland. 

An entertainment, consisting of vocal and instrumental music, is a^ 
nounced to be given on Easter Monday at the New Maiden Institute, by th' 
young people connected with Trinity Free Church of England Sunday-schoc^ 

In addition to the languages, the Candidates for the Ministry will hs 
expected to answer upon the Books of Sacred Scripture, Doctrinal an. 
Pastoral Theology, Scripture History and Evidences, and on the Principle 
and Government of the Free Church of England. 

The veby Bond op Peace. — Of this also I am persuaded, that nothing 
pro&ts without charity, and if any act which we desire to do, and which 10 
not necessary to be done, is likely to give offence to others, it ought to \0 
forborne, in a spirit of love. — Bislwp Wordsworth. 

Undenominational. — It is not by washing out all colour, and it is no€ 
by chiselling out all feature, from our Chri.stianity, for the sake of precipi- 
tating a complimentary fraternity, that we shall promote the real interestsi 
of either trutJi or charity. — C. «7. VaughaUy D.D. 

r>9 . 
gp[0titlTlg SJ^tfmg 0f t^t €mm:xl 

The Council met at 3, Westmiaster Chambers, Victoria-street, on 
IJaeaday, March 13th, at 3 o'clock. T. L. WUson, Esq. in the chair. 
The Rev. H. O. Meyers opened the meeting with prayer. , 

The Minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 
The Treasurer presented his report, showing that on the Central Fund 
^ere was a balance of ^10 lis. lOd. in hand, but that on the Extension 
*^ond there was a balance of M6 19s. 6d. owing to the Treasurer. A letter 
^nich the Secretary had written to the Secretary of the General Council 
^f the Reformed Episcopal Church, was read, approved, and ordered to he 
watered on the Minutes. 

It appeared that many promised contributions to the £5,000 Extension 
* and had not yet been paid. It was. 

Hesolved, ** that Mr. Stevens be requested to apply by letter to those 
^00 had not as yet paid their first annual subscription." 
In view of the approaching Convocation it was 

Resolved, ^' That early meetings of the Examination Committee be 
^Qvened, and that Reports from the Committees be presented at the 
Quarterly Meeting of the Council in May next.'* 

' WSit^ttxn gistritt "^tdxxtQ. 

A meeting* of the Western District was held at Ilfracombe on the 20th of 
February, to consider various important matters pertaining to Lynmouth 
and Topaham. The greatest harmony prevailed. Regret was expressed at 
the Key. Professor Bradshaw being about to leave the district, and a 
iinanimous resolution was passed commending him to the Churches seeking a 
. faithful and earnest minister. 

^Hat is truth? Not the World — it "walketh in a vain show*' 

'"^^Jl^erade) ; not the friendship of the world — for its springs are. selfish, 

y** it will pierce the heart that embraces it ; not thine own hewrt — for it " is 

r^^itf u) above all things," etc. ; not hopes of e^thly happiness — all things 

S^ perish in the using, and leave the unsatisfied soul still asking. What is 

^^ ? lliat solid, beautiful Reality, that exceeds, not falls short of the 

lr*^ing desires. Heaven is Truth. It is the fufilment of all those words of 

^^ise on which the trusting soul has cast itself for life ; and in Heaven 

^®y are all ** Yea and Amen ■' — inexpressibly reaZ, and never to have an end. 

gJ^Ven is Truth — it is the full consummation of all those dawnings of the 

|A|^t upon the heart ; those drawings of "soul ; those sweet and gentle 

j^^^pers which cheer the fainting pilgrim on his way below, and enable him 

: ^^ now to lift his heart above the waterfloods, and sometimes to sing for 

r.^ of heart ! Oh, to grasp Truth more firmly as we travel on !, We never 

\h^ ^ut as we inhale this life-giving principle, and put forth our actions, by 

J?^ "Vigour derived from it. All that is in and of ourselves being opposed to this 

^^^ agency, it must be daily received afresh into the soul, through the 

*^things of prayer — that prayer that can believey and come to God with its 

^ptiness. It is also Truth that the fruit of sin is suffering ; that distance 

1^^ estrangement from God are unhappiness and danger ; that the soul is a 

* ^?y» helpless being in the universe until it is brought to know Ood, Hell 

^^Trath — ^believed too late ! But, seeking soul, to you Christ is " Truth." 

^^ve Him, then, when He tells you that you are lost, and must seek Him for 

y^Ut Good Shepherd ; that you must be born again by His special grace 

70 "GIYB them CHRIST.* 

beforeyon can enter the Kingdom of Heaven ; that those who seek shall food : 
that £Le is waiting to be gracious. 

There is something unspeakably sublime in the stiUness of this rockj 
valley ! The sheep browse in mute silence among its craggy points ; aad 
the oak stretches its arms over the whispering stream that washes its roo^ 
or gurgles around the rocky promontory. Each little verdant tuft of mm 
seems to speaJc — all things around seem to speak — but oh, their voice i> 
ineffable ! Yet it meets a something within which deeply responds. B 
thrills through the inmost soul, and almost impels our spirits to fall dowD 
and adore. ' But Nature, with her loudest, clearest voice, cannot tell tu d 
Christ; that ''Door" by which alone we can enter and worship Oodintiie 
great Temple of His Works. She tells us of our Maker — that He is tiie 
Great Supreme, and bids us worship Him. But the heart untaught by the 
Spirit of Life, feels, at times, even to bursting, the overpowering force of 
tnis, yet can only weep under the pressure, because it feels that it 
cannot find Him out, though conscious of a capacious soul within^ that loogi 
to srasp the Infinite. It withers and weeps because it cannot reach nor goD' 
prehend that Something which it feels it was destined to enjoy. With what QH- 
utterable gladness does the Christian turn from such a state of mind, toth^ 
written Word ! which also speaks, but in addition tells Iww he may drav 
near " the High and Lofty One," through that " Way " wliich Chrilt 
opened when He took our nature upon Him, thus to raise us to God. Hen 
is " Truth" here is something tangible as it were, and the whole soul itiift 
up itself to draw near in this way of access, and communes with G-odas wi&t 
Friend — ^as One who has dwelt among us, and knows our frame ! This is the 
gate of heaven — heie we gather its first-fruits, and here it is we feel that we 
have found that Living Essence to which our inmost soul can utter itself. 

Bishopstone Valley. E. W. 

pints to Ctuttes. 

Look after your Absent Scholars. — We cannot too often impress 
upon teachers the duty of looking after their absent scholars. In all well- 
ordered schools, it ought to be laid down as the duty of the teacher, not 
only to report to the superintendent the name of any scholar who may have 
been absent two consecutive Sundays, but it should also be regarded as a 
part of that duty to personally ascertain the cause of the absence. It is 
surprising what trifling circumstances lead sometimes to school desertion. If 
a child has been away for two Sundays, without very good reason, shame will 
often keep him away the third Sunday, and so make it still more difficult 
for him to muster courage enough to induce him to face his teacher on the 
fourth. Shame or timidity keeps away many. Let the teacher visit the 
absent one, quietly admonish, if necessary, and win him back with a word of 
forgiveness and love. 

Glory op a Sunday-school. — "The glory of a Sunday-school is not in 
its numbers, its beautiful order, or its thrilling music, but in its thorough 
Bible training, and the spiritual success that keeps it in a constant glow of 
Pentecost." — Bev, T, L, Cuyler, 


mst €\txa dJ^rist ! " 


Some years ago a superintendent of a Sunday-school, a man of much 
ability and goodness, was addressing his teachers upon the subject of teaching. 
He spoke at some length about their manner of communicating information, 
about the duration of their lessons, about the need of preparation, about the 


^se of anecdotes and lively illuBtrations, and on other topics ; and dvrelling, 
^ it seemed to one, at least, of his hearers, rather too emphatically upon 
these external matters, he was suddenly interrupted by a voice from the back 
Roches, exclaiming, with intense earnestness of tone, that thrilled through 
hia bearers, " Give them Christ ! I say, Give them Christ ! '' 

And so say we. That theme must underlie everything. Unless Christ 
be the foundation, the superstructure will go for very little. 

And yet we would venture to add a comment or two to that teacher's 
advice. There are different Christs in the world : the Christ of the so-called 
"Unitarian ^ is not your Christ and mine ; the Christ of the Romanist differs 
widely from the Great Being whom you and I adore under that name. 
Human, merely human conceptions, unguidpd by the Spirit, mar that gracious 
figure — sometimes, I fear, put altogether another in His place. We must 
"give Christ,*' then ; but it must be the true Christ, not the Christ of our 
own fancies and imaginations, but the Christ who is set forth in the Scrip- 
tares, and whom the Holy Ghost, counteracting the tendency of our hearts to 
pervert and distort the likeness, enables us to realize, and to make, as it 
were, a visible and a tangible object for ourselves. 

Then, T think, we must be careful to ** give " a living Christ. As there 
is a difference, as we have said, between one Christ and another, so there is 
& difference between the word *' Christ'' and the personal Christ. Some 
peisoDs seem to me to teach the vxyrd Christ. Their scholars can tell you all 
sbout Christ : His doctrine, His miracles, His life and death ; the prophecies 
which proclaimed His advent, the results which flowed from His appearance 
on the earth, and the works which He did upon it. But these scholars seem 
to regard Him, at least practically, as a bygone personage, who did wonderful 
things certain centuries ago, and who is now of course reigning somewhere in 
heaven, but who has little or nothing to do with the ordinary life of the 
present day, and with persons like ourselves. Such should not our teaching 
be ; we should labour to present a living Christ. — Rev. G, Calthorp's 
" Labourers Together with God" 

^^aflete from a %tVit\tx'B ^0diet-§00k. 


" I can't make it out, Miss Jane, how it is that your little dots of girls are 
so attentive." 

** They are not always so, I'm afraid," said Miss Jane, with a smile. 
" There's one just been asking me all sorts of questions about my bonnet ; 
another has had something to say about the colour of my neck-ribbon ; whilst 
little Ada would tell me all about her new doU, and how it's head got broken." 

" Dear me ! I shouldn't have thought you allowed that sort of thing in 
school," said Miss Martin. 

"Well, but you see they are so very young, and we must be gentle with them." 

" Gentle with them, indeed ! How can you be gentle with them, when 
they are everlastingly wriggling about, as mine are, and paying no more 
attention to what I say than if I didn't speak to them at all ! They make mc 
quite cross ! " 

** Perhaps that's the reason," said Miss Jane. '* It's no use to be cross. 
when you are talking about love." 

" About love ! " 

** What but it, dear Miss Martin : what but it, but love from first to last ? 
Yes, the dear little things know something about Christ's love, I hope." 

** Oh ! but how about the Catechism and hymns ?" 

"Ah!" said Miss Jane, "very naughty sometimes, indeed, and very 
imperfectly learnt, and I'm obliged to help them a great deal" 


*' Oh, but," exclaimed Miss Martin, " I expect them to knowtlieir lesMiii: 
uud if they don't, I give them a bad mark. Help them, indeed ! I see yoa 
spoil them." 

'' No, I think not ; but I love them," quietly replied Miss Jane, " and I 
like to win their confidence and affections." 

'' And so you let them talk about ribbons and dolls on Sundays!" exclaimed 
Miss Martin, almost in a tone of reproof. 

'' Yes, even tliat, if I can get them to listen to me. That broken doH was 
quite a text to me." 

'* A text to you ! what nonsense, Miss Jane." 

'' Nevertheless, it was." 


'* AVhy, you see that broken doll was a grief to poor little Ada ; it had been 
]icr worry all the week, and she wanted something to comfort her." 

" Well ? " 

'' So I told her about Jesus, and how He could even feel for her in her 
sorrow about the doll. We read about God, * Who comforteth us in all our 
tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble.'" 
(2 Cor. i. 4.) 

" But a broken doU can hardly be called a trouble," said Miss Martin." 

" The text says any trouble, and this was a trouble to Ada. It was her 
* care,' and when I taught her to cast it upon Him (1 Peter v. 7), you would 
have rejoiced to see how her face brightened." 

" Ah ! " said Miss Martin, " I now see how it is that your little girls are so 
quict»and good. You win their love." 

*< Yes, I do." 

'' Thanks, dear Miss Jane, for this lesson — ^for such it is to me. I see* 
now, why my girls are so inattentive. I don't \vin their love. But I'U try.' 


By the Editob. 


" What ! late again, Tom ! Dear me, what a boy you are. Why w&: 
you not in time yesterday ? " 

" Well, Sir, I don't know," said Tom ; "I can't make it out. 1 think 
clock must have been wrong. I was only just too late, if at all, for I sm^ "** 
you driving oflf up the road." 

Tom had been asked, with several others of us, to meet Mr. StebbiiLfiTy 
our tutor, at the schoolroom on Wednesday afternoon, without being t<^^^ 
for what purpose. All came at the time appointed, except Tom. We fonMiMd 
on our arrival a smart waggonette and pair awaiting us at the school doo^r ; 
and when the whip cracked and we all started oflf in style and in rare spiri'*'* 
for a glorious afternoon's outing to Barracup Hill, the only thing tt«-»* 
damped my pleasure was that^Tom Glover wasn't with us. 

For Tom Glover was not a bad boy, after all. He was one of those goo^' 
natured fellows who, in spite of many little faults and failings, one canK»-0* 
help sticking up for. He was my boon companion, and, of course, I lil*^*^ 
him ; and I once recollect pitching into a fellow who wanted to impose ^"E^^^ 

his good nature, and I ; but there, that was very wrong, and I ougb'fc *^ 

have kept my temper down, as Mr. Stebbing said, when he gave me a lo^ 
parsing lesson to do after school hours, as a cooler to my impetuosity. - 

But as I was saying about Tom, he was always getting into scrap©^,^^ |2, 
his thoughtle.sH way of putting things oflf. It seemed to come liatnral to 
to put off until "by-and-bye " anything that ought to be done at once. 




little tbonghfc what a jolly ride and what a glorious scramble over the hills 
this want of readiness was to cost him on that summer afternoon, or else he 
would have been in time, 111 be bound. I wish he had been, for I didn't 
like leaving Tom behind at all. 

I wonder whether any of my young friends give way to this habit of 
putting things off. Ethelred, one of our old Saxon kings, was sumamed 
the '^ Qnready*' because addicted to this unlucky habit, and I fear many of 
his posterity inherit his character ; not, perhaps, when pleasures and long 
rides and summer treats are in question, but in matters far graver and 
more important. I know, from my own feelings, how prone young people 
are when they are full of fun and thoughts of bats and cricket, and games at 
horses and soldiers^, to put off, like Claudius Felix, really serious things to a 
more " convenient " season, which, alas ! is a very common way of putting 
them off altogether. 

Tet, my dear young friends, we have had no lack of warnings about the 
danger of putting things off. Some dreadful events have happened to prove, 
from the days of Job until now, the alarming uncertainty of our having any 
opportunity of doing what ought to be done — except the present time. 

I don't know that I can give a more striking illustration of the danger 
of putting things off than in relating a circumstance that occurred in one 
of the London hospitals. An eminent surgeon, who was very clever at 
dissecting and showing the parts of the human frame, was lecturing to a 
cUss of medical students on the body of a man who had died of a most in- 
fectious disease. Snddenly the point, of the instrument which he had been 
using slipped, and slightly pricked his hand. Turning to the young men 
ud pointing to the little wound which looked scarcely more than a scratch, 
lie told them that so virulent was the disease of which this man had died 
tbat even that slight prick of the poisoned knife was quite sufficient to cause 
death. *• There is," said he, " of course, no danger in my case, for I shall 
Apply caustic and burn it out before any mischief can be done.'' 

Apply it, then, at once, doctor,^* urged several of his students. 

Nay, I shall have finished the lecture in a few minutes, and then I 
^ see to it," he replied, rather impatiently. 

Se was about to resume his address, when a messenger hastily entered, 
^d whispered to him that a gentleman wished to speak with him on most 
«rf?ent business. 

" 1 will be back directly," said the doctor, and left the room. 

The young men, thus left to themselves, began to converse together, and 
the tiixxe passed in pleasant chat, until one of them drew attention to the 

**liook!" said he, "three-quarters of an hour have passed since the 
doctor left, and don't you remember what he said about his hand ? " 

They all remembered it, and grew more anxious as the minutes passed. 
uitense was the excitement as the hand slowly moved towards the fatal hour. 
Some volanteered to go and seek the doctor, but they came back with the 
news that he had driven away in the gentleman's carriage as fast as the 
fiories could gallop, they knew not where. Then nervously they tried to 
comfort each other. 

** Oh ! " said one, " he knew his danger, and is sure to have applied the 

"To he sure," said another, " he is too old and thoughtful a man to 
toTgQt such a matter of life and def»th." 

^ they thus talked, the clock struck, and they knew that the limir had 

^*'?*^ -' Every breath was held, almost every heart stood still, as, a few 

""^utoa alter, a carriage drove up to the door, and they heard the doctor's 

4 kj?®J? footsteps in the corridor. They felt some relief as he entered with 

^^ Senile on his face. But seeing them all look so anxious, he inquired 


the cause. Too excited and too agitated to ipeak, they pointed to the clook 
and then to his hand. 

The doctor, with an affrighted look, now remembered all. 

*' Oh ! " he exclaimed. ^' I'm a dead man ! It's too late ! — too late ! I 
forgot the poison. It's too late ! " 

Alas ! it was too late. That very night he died in fearful agony. 

What a lesson for all of us who are in the habit of putting things off. 
The poison of sin is in us, and our only cure the blood of Jesus. Time is 
short — death is certain, and the time to seek the remedy is now. Do, my 
dear young friends, think of this, and don't put off until it is too late those 
things that appertain to the sanation of your immortal soul. 

[fVe do not hold ourselves responsible for the opmio}i8 expressed by our 



To the Editor' of the Free Church of England Magazine. 

Sir, — Feeling the importance of spreading information about the Free 
Church by increasing the circulation of your excellent Magazine, I have tried 
a simple plan, which I have already found very sucMssf ul, and which could 
be generally carried out by a little exertion of even one person in eaoh 
Free Church of England congregation. 

Last year I had subscribers for thirty Magazines monthly — (our chuioh 
is only a small one). In January I bought thirty Magazines and sent thfl"^ 
out gratuitously. The result was that I obtained twenty new subscribers. X& 
February I bought thirty more, and in March twenty, and sent them oo^ 
free. By a little solicitation, I have now seventy-two regular subscribeA 
most of them having paid for six months in advance. The cost has onlJ- 
been five shillings to me and very little trouble, and I have more tb&^ 
doubled the permanent circulation of the Magazine in this place. 

I write this thinking that some one can surely be found in every cong^^ 
gation to make a similar effort to increase the circulation and usefulness ^ 
of your now attractive periodical. — I am, dear Sir, yours truly, 

March 19, 1877. Margarbt G 

[We are much Qbliged to Miss G. for her kind exertions, and we print 

letter because we trust that her example will find imitators. — ] 


§ltlits for Ritualists. 

Helics set in trinkets are coming into fashion among the Ritualists, 
all sorts of absurdities are imported from Rome — not so much for Rodb-^ 
Catholics, as for members of the once Protestant Church of Engla t^^ 
The other day we heard of the tooth of some saint being worn as a charm ^^ 
a lady. For what purpose we were not told. Perhaps for the same purpc^^ 
that the teeth of St. ApoUonia were hung around the neck, in the time ^ 
Henry VI., to cure the toothache. That monarch, who was not v^- 
squeamish about such matters, was, nevertheless, so disgusted with tJ 
excess of this folly, that he ordered all who possessed teeth of Apolloni- 
to bring them to a certain place, and when they were thus coUect^J^ 
together, the num"ber was so great, that they filled a tun ! " Were ^* 
Apollonia's stomach," says FuDer, the witty church historian, " proportio^^' 
able to her teeth, a countj^ would scarce afford her a meal's meat." 

^Ittshiir on ^rtat^htg* 

There is a passage in Raskin's "Stones of Venice," which shows 
how men of taste and .refinement may view this matter of preaching, 
and what is, in their estimate, ^^ good preaching. ^^ He says: "There 
are two ways of regarding a sermon, either as a human composition 
or a Divine message. If we look upon it entirely as the first, 
and reqnire our clergymen to finish it with their utmost care and learning, 
for our better delight, whether for ear or intellect, we shall necessarily be led 
to expect much formality and stateliness in its delivery, and to think that 
all is not well if the pulpit have not a golden fringe round it, and a goodly 
cushion in front of it, and if the sermon be not fairly written in a black 
hook, to be smoothed upon the cushion in a majestic manner before 
heginnmg. All this we shall duly come to expect ; but we shall at the same 
time consider the treatise thus prepared as something to which it is our duty 
to hsten without restlessness for half-an-hour or three-quarters, but which, 
when that duty has been decorously performed, we may dismiss from our 
Dunds in happy confidence of being provided with another when it shall be 
necessary. But if once we begin to regard the preacher, whatever his faults, 
Ma man sent with a message to us, which it is a matter of life or death 
whether we hear or refuse ; if we look upon him as set in charge over many souls 
ui danger of ruin, and having allowed to him but an hour or two in the seven 
days to speak to them ; if we make some endeavour to conceive how precious 
theae hours ought to be to bim, a small vantage on the side of God, after 
hiB flock have been exposed for six days together to the full weight of the 
Jjorld's temptations, and he has been forced to watch the thorn and the 
™tle springing up in their hearts, and to see what wheat has been 
•®^ered there, snatched from the wayside by this wild bird or the other ; 
jpd at last, when, breathless and weary with the week's labour, they give 
Jun this interval of imperfect hearing. He has but thirty minutes to get at 
the separate hearts of a thousand men, to convince them of all their weak- 
J^s, to shame them for all their sins, to warn them of all their dangers, to 
jjl/ oy this way and that to stir the hard fastenings of those doors where the 
*^ter Himself has stood and knocked, yet none opened ; and to call at the 
entrance of those dark streets where wisdom herself has stretched forth her 
'**^<*j and no one regarded ; thirty minutes to raise the dead in ! — let ua but 
^© Understand and feel this, and we shall look with changed eye upon that 
^Ppery erf ^y furniture about the place from which the message oi judgment 
™ust be delivered, which either breathes upon the dry bones that they may 
^e, or, if ineffectual, remains recorded in condemnation, perhaps against 
^ ^Uerer and listener alike, but assuredly against one of them ; we shall 
onL*^ easily bear with the sUk and gold upon the seat of judgment, nor with 
WorS^**"* of oratory in the mouth of the messenger ; we shaSl wish that his 
^^*«a may be simple, even when they are sweetest, and the place from which 
^,^P©aks like a marble rock in the desert, about which the people have 
«*^^ered in their thirst." 

CARDIFF.— St. Paul's Fbbb Chukch op England. 

del ^"™® of Sermons on the Modem Cretd of Pope Pius IV. is being 
l?**^6red at this church on Wednesday evenings, by the Rev. George 
p^J^key. The church still meets with opposition, not only from the 
In ♦ *^'*' of St. Mary's, but from some who profess Evangelical principles. 
*iie face of all, the work progresses. 




BRIGHTON.— Frfe Cuurch op England. 
The anniversary of the dedication of the new church in North-street wu 
celebrated on Wednesday, March 2l8t, by a conversazione in the Bqyal 
Pavilion. The suite of rooms was beautif ullv decorated with flowers, lent 
by Mr. Nell, paintings by Mr. May all, singing birds by Mr. Page, and other |^.^ 
objects of interest ; Mr. Aylen, Mr. Nash, and Mr. Sawyer contribntiDg 
beautiful microscopes. Mr. Hilton read a report of the Building Fond, 
which showed a balance of over i:400, and stated that the Committee had 
agreed to become practically tenants of the present house of the pastor, in |^ 
the interim of completing the search for a parsonage. The adoption of the 
report was moved by Mr. Tooth, and seconded by Mr. Aylen ; after which, 
an account of the kinder garten system was given by Miss Kidley. After an 
adjournment for refreshments, the meeting was addressed by the Hev. E. L 
Roxby, of All Soul's ; and by Fredk. Graves, Esq., of the ^th HuBsartL 
The musical arrangements were admirably conducted by the organist, Mr. 
West, who had prepared a pleasant surprise for the company (60 in num- 
ber) by the introduction of the Aquarium band. 

EVERTON. — Emmanuel Free Church op Exgland. 
On Sunday, March 11, Special Sunday-school Sermons were preached by 
the Revs. E. E. Walter, R. Davies, and T. Worrall. Hymns selected for 
the occasion were sung by the children. On Monday evening, March 12^ 
the iifth annual Parents' Tea Meeting was held in the schoolroom connected 
with the Church, about 400 being present. The Rev. T. Worrall presided, and 
Mr. Charles Gorst read the Report, which showed that the school was in ^ 
very healthy state, having twenty-nine teachers, 339 scholars, a useful 
lending library, and monthly periodicals, &c. An entertainment folloved, 
consisting of select recitations and sacred music, rendered by about 
seventy scholars, conducted by Mr. John McCarthy and Mr. R. E. Bridaon, 
accompanist. On Thursday evening, March 13th, the Children's Treat cania 
off. After doing justice to a good tea, the time was profitably spent in short 
addresses, singing, &c. 

EXETER. — Christ Church Fueb Church op England. 

At the settlement of the Rev. James Wonnacott, four years aj^o, th^ 
church was restored and enlarged at a cost of 7001- A debt of 170^ stiu 
remained on the fabric, and on the 13th of February a sale of useful aBO- 
fancy work was held. The proceeds, with donations, have entirely cleared 
the debt. The church is now one of the neatest and most comfortable V* 
Exeter, and is largely attended by Protestant Churchpeople unable to worsbip 
in the Parish Church because of Ritualism. 

Under the able superintendence of Mr. Thomson, the Sunday-school iB ^ 
great prosperity. With additional space a much larger number of children a**" 
young people could be taught. A short time since Mr. Thomson gave a dee'pV 
interesting lecture on " Livingstone and Stanley," illustrated by magic lant^^^ 
slides specially had from London for the occasion. The same evening ^ 
number of prizes were distributed among the various classes. The Incumb^**^ 
made some suitable remarks, and closed a very pleasant evening. 

LITTLEHAMPTON.— Free Church of England. 

" We understand that — whatever may be done in connection with a il^^^ 
district church for Littlehampton—the Free Church movement will go <^^^* 
Several names have been added to the Committee, and as there is now ^* 
apparent possibility of amalgamation, there will be on the part of the 5**^"^^- 
Church no further delay. The subscriptions already promised, as will be s*^^ 
by advertisement in another column, now amount to over i£800, many of tl^ 
additions having been made during the present week," — Littlekampton NcU^'^^ 
March 17. 


LUDLOW.— Trinity Free Church op England. 
Ve understand that the teaching and practises in the parish church still 
e much dissatisfaction, but the Evangelical Church people as a body lack 
courage to make a vigorous protest. Why do they do not come forward 
support the Free Church of England ? Several subscriptions have been 
Lved from attendants at the parish church in aid of the Free Church, but 
mpanied with the request on the part of the donors not to make their 
es public. This want of courage is an encouragement to the Ritualists. 

MALVERN LINK.— Lady Huntingdon's Chapel. 

L series of very successful services have been held, extending from March 
. to IGth, conducted by the Rev. George Slater, of Leominster. The 
tings were well attended, and many were deeply impressed, by the very 

addresses delivered by Mr. Slater. 

)n Sunday, March 18th, two sermons were preached on behalf of the 
day-school Fund, that in the morning by the Rev. Greo. Type (Pastor), 

in the evening by the Rev. Thomas Dodd, of Worcester, when the 
)el was crowded to the doors, and good collections were made. 

NEW MALDEN.— Trinity Free Church op England. 

It a Church meeting recently held it was decided to decline the lease of 
piece of ground oflfered some time ago by the Gover trustees for the 
uaoent church, but to purchase the freehold of the present site. The iron 
rob is in the very best possible position, both for prominence and 
ssibility ; and, taking all things into consideration the Church, we think, 
e to a right decision upon this matter. Without touching the subscrip- 
s promised towards the building fund of the permanent church, an efEort 
be made to raise the purchase money for the freehold, when it is intended 
> the whole property >hall be'placed in trust to secure its continuance as a 
e Episcopal Church of England for ever. 

POTNEY. — Emmanuel Free Church of England. 

The series of Lent Lectures, delivered by the Rev. H. O. Meyers, on 
'^'s Pictures have been numerously attended, and must be pronounced a 
plete success. They have excited so much interest that Mr. Meyers has 
!i requested to print them, and they will shortly be published in a con- 
ned form at one shilling. On Sunday, March 18, the quarterly collection 
Church expenses amounted to £13 4s. In the evening the Rev. J. G.. 
) preached an able sermon. 

SOUTHAMPTON. -^St. John's Free Church op England. 

hx Sunday, March 11 th, an Anniversary Service was held in this Church 
onnection with the Sabbath-school, which has now been in existence 
3 four years. Beginning with about 20 scholars, it has steadily increased 
pwards of 200. About 70 of the scholars had been selected and carefully 
^ed by the choir to take part in the services, which added much to the 
tiness of the worship of the day. The Rev. E. J. Boon preached 
ifable sermons, in the morning taking as his text Matt, xviii. 1-3, and 
li© evening, Prov. xxii. 6. He spoke of the necessity of simplicity in 
bing, patience in bearing with them, and real sympathy with them in 
bings. The congregations were very good. The collections amounted 
T, and were devoted to the Sunday-school Expenses Fund. The Church 
^mittee are contemplating an important alteration in the church fabric, 
puilding a porch and large lobby at the west end of the church, and 
LTig up the present door on the north side, which will give more seat 
mmodation, and increase the value and comfort of a large number of 
^igs, which, as the congregation continues to increase, is an important 



On Sunday, March 11th, the Services were conducted by the Rt. Rer. 
Bishop Sugden, who preached in the morning from Exod. xiv. 15, and in 
the evening from Matt. ix. 2. 

The congregations are well sustained, and the Evangelical Ohnroh 
]>eople, who have so wisely initiated, and who are determined emeu* 
getically to continue this much needed movement, have every reason to be 
thankful for the encouragement and blessing which have been afforded 
liithcrto. There is no doubt that when a cler^man is resident upon the 
Hpot, the Free Church here will assume its true character. Southend is an 
increasing and attractive sea- side resort, and, apart from the utter neglect 
with which its spiritual interests have been hitherto regarded by tnoie 
.appointed to care for it, there is every reason why those who yalae the 
principles of the Protestant Reformation and their development, should seek 
a home other than the deserted Parish Church. Wo congratulate our friends 
who have conducted the services in the past, and heartily wish our friends 
** God Speed " for the future. We understand that they have an esteemed 
clergyman in view as a settled pastor. 


Tlic Monthly Meeting of the Council of the Froo Church of England, will be held 
(d.v.) at 3, Westminster Chambers, Metoria-street, Westminster, on Tuesday, 
April 10th, at 3 o'clock. F. S. Mebbywbatheb, Man. Sec. 

The Examination Committee will meet (n.v.) at Spa Fields, on Monday, April 9th, 
at 3 p.M„ when Candidates will be required to attend. 


In future all letters, applications, and inquiries relative to the general work of 
the Free Church of England, should be addressed to Mr. F. S. Mebktweatheb, Mom, 
<S>r., Free Church of England Committee Rooms, 3, Westminster Chambers, Victoria- 
street, S.W. 


Subscriptions and donations, which are urgently needed to extend the Home 
Protestant Mission Work of the Free Church of England, may be sent by cheque, 
Post-office order, or stamps, addressed to the Treasurer, T. L. Wilson, Esq., 3, West- 
minster Chambers, Victoria-street, S.W. 

A])pUcations or inquiries relative to the opening of Free Church of England 
Services in parishes beset with Ritualism and Sacerdotalism, may be addressed to the 
l^videut or Secretary of the District to which that application relates. 

All letters, MSS., Books for Review, Notices of Meetings and Reports, should be 
sent direct to the Editor, New Maiden, Surrey. 

Advertisements to J. D. Appleton, 7, St. John's-terrace, St. John's-stroet-road, 
London, E.C. Scale of Prices as follows: One Page, £1 Is.; Half Page, 12s. Gd.; 
<^u!irter Page, 7s. 6d. Bills stitched, £1. Short Advertisements, 6d. per line. 
Our friends are reminded that all orders for Magazines and Free Clmrch of 
Englnnd Publications must be prepaid. We mention this to save trouble to ourselves 
and disappointment to our subscribers. 


to f lioso so disposed to help. 



Mr. J. Ball. — Although your "Breeches" Bible is curions, it is tiy no means a scarce edition. Ol 
the "Treacle Bible" thOTe are several editions, printed dnring the reign of Henry VIII. and 
EHsabeth. In these copies the Balm of Gilead is called the Treacle of G-ilead, as in Jer. yiii. 'J2, 

** /* (here no treacle in Oiliadf" and in Jer. xlvi. 
Virgin thou daughter of Egypt." — Edition 1576. 

11, " Ooe up unto Giliad and bring treucl*-^ (f 

Mr. C. FORBEa— The Canon rdating io the election and duties of Churchwardens and other officers 
is as follows : " In each congregation annually, in accordance with ancient custom during Eustcr 
week, the Wardens and other officers of the Church shall be chosen from among the communl- 
cants ; except in the case of certain existing congr^ations, where other usages prevail." " In 
addition to the duties which custom has attached to their office the Wardens or acting Com- 
mittee shall be the special advisers of their Minister, and shall be associated with him in the 
reception, dismission, or discipline of Church members." — Canons o/ tlie Free Church of EngUuul, 
Title iLf Canon iv., Sections 5 and 6. 

Bev. T. H. — ^Apply to the Rev. J. Wilkie, of AmbCTly House, Teddington. 

W. T. and MB. EDGAR. — There ought to be no difficulty in obtaining the Magazine through the lucal 
bookseller. There are Bkfew copies still left of the January number. 

Mb. F. Pearson. — Some curious information as to the old laws of the Saxon Chureh upon the 
administration of the Sacrament may be found in Spilman's " Concilia," and Johnson's " eccle- 
siastical Laws." 

Mr. Jon B8.— The third edition of *' The Free Church of England and the Bishop of Winchester " is 
out of print. 

Dr. J. — We are sorry that there should have been any disappointmciit, but the Magazine was printed 
when your letter cama The information might just as well have been sent at the beginning? of 
the month as on the 25th. 

Bbceiyed. — Rev. I>r. Ashley, Mr. Alexander, S. V., Rev. J. Wonnacott, Rev. T. WorraU, Rev. 
J. Trotter, Mrs. Cheney, Mr. T. Sugden, S. J. , A. R., Miss Richards, Rev. H. O. Meyers, Mr. 
B. Page, Right Rev. Bishop Sugdaa, Rev. F. Newman, Miss M. G., Mr. Dandy, Rev. M. B. Smitli 
M.A., of Fassaic, N. J., Rev. G. Type, Rev. J. Renny, Rev. J. B. Figgis. 




East Grinstead. — Rev. K E. Long. 
Sunday-school Boxes and part 
of Juvenile Missionary 
"Working Party ..£2 10 

Chring and SoiUTisioke. — Per. Rev. H. 

Collection 5 12 

Sanday-school, per Mr. Harris 10 

Spa-fields.— T^y, T. ?. Thoresby. 

Mr. Tnll and Friends 14 6 

Mr. Lawrence 10 

Sanday-school (Infant Class), 

per Mr. Bown 10 

2 4 6 
Turthridge TTcZfe.— Rev. G. Jones. 

Miss and Master Allen 5 4 

A Sttraut, by the sale of bones • 
*>mJ scraps usually thrown 

«.*^V 10 

**«n«V-«chool Children and 

^^chers' Collections. Half 

S^ year, per H. G. Sharp, 

'^. ......r ..; 7 

Collected by Mr. W. H. Davies : — 

Miss Stewart £5 

H. G. Sharp, Esq. 2 2 
Mr. Boreham ... 5 

Mr. Manser 10 

Mr. W. H. Davies 1 1 
Mr. E. Ellis 10 

Mr. R. PUton ... 4 

Mr. E. H. Strange 4 

Mrs. C. Stidolph 8 

Mrs. Banning ... 5 

Mrs. CoUinson ... 5 

Miss Carr 6 

Miss Bagwell 4 

Mi»s Badger 1 

Miss Ajres 1 






Collected by Miss Carter : — 

Mr. Allen £10 

Miss Burrows ... 4 
Mrs. Christmas... 10 

Mrs. Cozens 4 

Mrs. Corfield 4 

Mr. Coomber 4 

11 7 (► 

Miss Carter 10 

Mr. Day 4 



80 ' 


Mr. Edwards £0 4 4 

Mrs. Elliott 4 4 

Miss Hammond... 4 4 

Mrs. Knight 4 6 

Mrs. Peacock ... 5 

Mrs. Mercer ..... 4 4 

Mr. Paul 4 4 

Mrs. Stapley 5 

Mrs. Sumner 4 4 

Mr. Sims 4 4 

Miss Carter^s Class 15 

6 11 8 

Anniversary Services by Reva. 

J. Trotter and H. Dyke ...16 18 6 
Sale of Articles by Members 

of the Dorcas Society 14 1 8 

Mr. Boreham, profits on the 

saleof Hymn Books 10 6 

£57 4 3 

Worcester.— TSier. T. Dodd. 
Mr. Bradbume*s Class, acknowledged 
last month as eightpence should hsvi 
been eight ahiUings. 


JBereford. — Per Rev. Jas. Wager. 
Collection after Sermon, per 

Rev. G. Llewellyn £0 16 

Mr. Collins 5 

Joseph Jones 2 

W. Jennings 5 

Mrs. King 5 

„ Wager 5 

Mr. H. B. Williams 5 

Leominster. — Per Rev. G. Slater. 
Collection after Sermon, per 

Rev. G. Llewellyn 1 

E. Blundell, Esq 

Mr. J. Davis 

H. N. Edwards 1 



S. Goode, Esq 1 

E. Russell, Esq. (2 yrs.) 10 

Rev. G. Slater 10 

Mr. G. Smith 5 

Worcester. — Per Rev. T. Dodd. 
Collection after Sermon, per 

Rev. G. Llewellyn 12 

Mrs. Clay 5 

Rev. T. Dodd 10 

Mrs. Farmer 5 

Mr. E. C. Hancock 5 

Mrs. Harrison 5 

Mr. A. Higgios 5 

Hymn-book Fund, per Rev. T. 

Dodd 1 1 

Mrs. Ladler 10 

E. Lewis, Esq 10 



Mayor of Worcester, the £0 10 ( 

Mr. MUton 5 

Mrs. Russell 5 

,, Scriven 6 

Mr. J. Wilesmith 5 

Per Rev. W. B. Birtt. 

Collection at'Lowesmoor Chapel 1 

Rev. W. B. BJrlt 5 

Great Malvern. — Per Rev. A. S. 

Collection after Sermon by Rey , 

G. Llewellyn 

Mr. W. Archer 

»» Bray 

Miss Carter 

Mr. T. Cox 

Mrs. Hallett 

Miss Lowe 

„ Price ." 

Rev. A. S. Richardson 

Mr. W. Sparkes 


2 10 ( 

10 ( 

5 ( 

5 ( 

10 i 

10 ( 

10 i 

10 ( 

5 I 

5* ( 

Malvern lAnJc. — Per Rev. G. Type. 

Collection after Sermon per 

Rev. G. Llewellyn 14 < 

Mr. W. Davis 5 < 

,, Parser 10 I 

„ W. Towndrow ... 6 • 

„ G. Wilesmith 6 < 

£22 8 I 


Contributions, tkc., to be sent to the Treasvrer, Mr. Fredbrick Wm. Willoocks 

MyddeUon Villas, Lloyd Square, W.C, 


The Editor begs to acknowledge the receipt of the following sums in aid of til 
Magazine Gratuitous Circulation Fund : — 

Mr. Seymour, Bath £0 1 

Mr. Jones, Bath , 8 

Rev. H. 0. Meyers 6 

Mr. Dandy 15 

Right Rev. Bishop Price 10 

Mr. Ayres 5 

M. M 2 


MAY, 1877. 

Events are becoming on every side more and more stirring, and tlie 
tion, both political and ecclesiastical, daily increasingly delicate. In 
ence to the latter and ourselves, we feel assured that the relations of 
Free Church of England and of the Keformed Episcopal Church of 
ica, both to the religious conditions around them, and to one 
er, are at this moment of the first importance. We need closer 
oximation, a heartier spirit of union, and, so far as possible, more 
ess in organization. This should be a time, not of separations, but of 
ities ; a closer and more compact formation should be our aim. 
e has been in the past a looseness and irregularity in our con- 
tions and operations which, whilst pardonable on account of the 
tances attending on new movements, has been unfavourable to 
ility and to progress whenever it has shown itself in matters of mo- 
itj in the principles and practices affecting the every essence of our 
opal Church life. Doubtless, in Evangelistic and Missionary work 
need much freedom, and our institutions should be elastic enough to 
every demand which can be made upon them. Moreover, in so far 
they are in harmony with the spirit of the Gospel and the genius of 
ianity, they will be free and facile. They will combine the liberty 
simplicity of the early Christian time with all adaptation to the 
kfnements of modem civilization and the demands and complications of 
kodem society. The principles of the Gospel of Christ, whether in 
istion to inner life or to external forms, are perfectly sufficient for all 
miBf and are capable of abundant and varied application. It is very im- 
nrtant that our leaders on both sides of the. Atlantic 8lio\i\d\va\^ ^'^ \3csv- 


♦lerstanding of the times to know what Israel ought to do." One i 
h clear, that we need union, not severance. We need compactnc 
system, sustained order, both in scriptural requirements and in the 1 
yet not unimportant domain of human arrangements. It would be 
if we could present in the future one united front, and both in Eng 
and in the grand America appear not only as united guards of Era 
WcbI truth, but also as fellow-heralds of salvation. 

Within a few days our brethren of the Reformed Episcopal Ch 
©f America and Canada (and we Free Church of England men w 
add, also of Great Britain and Ireland,) will be in annual session in 
American Branch. We trust that all our Churches will pray that 
Divine blessing, in all its fulness, may rest upon them. It is not 
probable that some questions deeply affecting our own organization 
be brought before them. We trust that they will treat us as ready in all things to represent them ; and if anything should be ir 
ing, to deal faithfully and affectionately in respect of the defect, tb 
may be remedied. We seek, and are prepared, for the fullest nnic 
organization and work. Let us ask for them a spirit of wisdon 
power, of love, the love of Christ, which will thrill all hearts and qui 
the spiritual circulation in the most distant members of their 
fellowship. May the leaders, whether lay or ministerial, have tn 
standing in all things, and may the future journals of their Gte 
Council attest the presence and might of the Divine Spirit, the Ai 
of Life, the Fountain of Power ! May the bonds of Christian hv 
of Church union between us and them be drawn closer and closer, 
our one Reformed Episcopal Church may be fairly represented in • 
liind, and may approve herself a portion of that, the truly Cal 
Church, which is the prepared Bride of Christ ! 

A Special Meeting of Convocation is to be held on Tuesday, M 
«t Westminster, to receive the Report of the Committee appointed to 
sider the relations of the Free Church of England with the Refc 
Episcopal Church. The Committee, which met at Great Malven 
Worcester, and presided over by the Right Rev. Bishop Sugden 
unanimous in the very important recommendations contained in 
Report. Circumstances render it expedient that immediate action 8 
l»e taken on some matters affecting onr union with the Befc 
Episcopal Church. We trust that the attendance will be fully i 
sentative, and equal to the gravity of the occasion. 


Cj^i (&abtxnax oi §<ermuba; anir i\it ^xn €^nxt^ d 

His Excellency the Governor of Bermuda has taken a very avt- 
^cions mode of showing his dislike to the Free Church of England. 
Without, as far as we can see, any legal right to do so, he refused t9 
address a marriage license to the Rev. R. A. Bilkey, the Incumbent ei 
dor Church at St. George's, and when he found he had made a mistake, 
tus Excellency, instead of at once acknowledging his error, endeavoured 
to take refuge behind the paltry excuse that Mr. Bilkey did not occupy 
a ^definite public position." Now, it is well known that it is the 
"definite public position" that Mr. Bilkey — who is an ordained and 
esteemed clergyman of the Free Church of England— occupies, that 
excites among a certain class anger and jealousy in Bermuda. The 
Qovernor has certainly placed himself in a very undignified position, for 
ihere is nothmg in the act to warrant the course he adopted, nor had he 
•ny right to demand evidence of the ordination of any clergyman. We 
publish the correspondence between the Colonial Secretary and the Rev. 
Hr. Bilkey. * It speaks for itself, and shows to what miserable pettishness 
his Excellency descended. As the Bermuda Colonist remarks, " No one 
^ reads the correspondence, and knows anything about the Act of 
1847, can uphold the Governor in the course that he has pursued. The 
Pefosal to issue the license was a mistake; the effort to cover that 
Uistake behind the paltry excuse that Mr. Bilkey had not complied with 
ionditions of which the law requires no proof, only made the matter 
rorse ; and the effort to appear to concede a right that could not be 
rithheld was a bit of satire for which we were not prepared to give eve» 
he Governor credit." 

ai ®nglanir» 

To the Editor of the Bermuda Colonist, 

St. George's, March 19, 1877. 

Sir, — May I ask yon to give publicity, through your columus, to the followitig 
nrrespondence ? I add no comments ; and noue are required. It may be fouud 
wfal, however, if I copy here in full a clause of the Bermuda Marriage Law, tn 
hieh reference is more than once made below, and which, indeed, is a material 
jement in the matter in hand : — 

Act 1847. No. 20 : ** Be it enacted, &c., that from and after the commenceraent 
: this Act, it shall and may be lawful for any Minister of the Christian Iteligion 
dftined or otherwise set apart to the Ministry of the Christian Religion, and acknow- 
dged.a8 such by any known Sect or Society of Christians in the United Kingdom 
^ Ureat Britain and Ireland, according to the usage of the persuasion tu whiuh sucU 
Knister shall belong, to publish within these Islands Banns of Marriage between 
mona desirons of being joined together in Matrimony," &c., &c. — I am, yours 
riiged, R. Anthony Bilkrt. 


St. George's, Febraarjr 6, 1877. 

Sir, — I desire respectfally to call your attention to the following; eiroammiM: 

Last week, a member of my congregation, by tbe name of Hams, applied to M 
to marry bim. I engaged to do so, feeling myself, under the terms of the Bermdi 
Law (Date 1847, l^o. 20), clearly entitled to perform snch ceremony. A daj ortm 
subsequently, the same person informed me that on application to yon for a Ueeen^ 
he was told, in eftect, that I was not qualified to marry him. Consequs&tlj, tb 
ceremony was performed by another than his own pastor. 

I can only assume that Harris's statement is a reliable one ; at the same tinib I 
shall be obliged by your informing me if it really is so. 

Bat, still assuming the correctness of his report, I beg to ask on what gronoii 
the refusal was given. — I am, yours respectfully, 

R. Anthony Bilkey, 

The Hon. James Tucker, Incumbent of the Free Church of England, 

Colonial Secretary. ■ St. George's. 

Colonial Secretary's Office, Feb. 12, 1877. 

Sir, — I have .the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of tkl 
6th instant, and in reply to your inquiry, on what grounds I declined to addnn 
a marriage licenne to you in the case of one John Harris, I am directed by tbfl 
Governor to inform yon, that before his Excellency can issue a license to aqj 
minister, not holding a definite public position, he requires evidence of such miaiitir 
being *'a Minister of the Christian Religion ordained or otherwise POt apart to titf 
Ministry of the Christian Religion, and acknowledged as such by a known Sect or 
Society of Christians in the United Kingdom, according to the usage of the pa> 
suasiou to which such Minister shall belong" (Act 20, 1847) ; and I am to renuni 
you, that you have not complied with these conditions. — I have the honour to bi^ 
Sir, your obedient servant, James Tucker, Colonial Secretaiy. 

The Rev. K A. Bilkey. 

St. George's, Feb. 21, 1877. 

Sir, — I am obliged to you for your reply (dated 12 th instant) to my ioqniiyi 
'* On what grounds you declined to address a marriage license to me in the caia d 
one John Harris." I must crave your indulgence if I make this general remark oa 
that repl}^ namely, that it is so far a satisfactory answer as it does reveal what in 
the grounds of refusal, as they appear to his Excellency the Governor, but that tt 
does not furnish me with the practical basis for actiou wliich is desirable. I w3l 
pass by the insinuation of his Excellency that I do not hold a ''definite pabliB 
position," with the respectful request that he would be good enough more explicitif 
to state what he meaus by that — since, to my own thinking, and also that of a laigi 
majority of this Bermuda community (if not to the Governor's), I hold a veiy 
" definite public position" indeed. 

1. "Before his Excellency" (to quote from your letter) *'can issue a license to 
any minister, not holding a definite public position, he requires evidence of8ttcli.| 
minister being ' a minister of the Christian rtfligiou ordained or otherwise set aptft 
to the ministry of the Christian religion, and acknowledged as such by a kno«» 
sect or society of Christians in the United Kingdom,'" &c. (Act 20, 1847). I b< 
to submit that this demand is vague, andi in its present form, unhelpfuL Does lA 
Excellency require proof of my ordination, only and simply ? Or does he, with thit 
also require authoritative assurance of my recognition as a Christian minister by lb* 
sect or society I claim to represent ? Or does he, in addition to both the fore^>iitt 
require proof that the Free Church of England is **a known sect or sncie^J 
Christians in the United Kingdom ? " As to each and all of these questions I w 
be able to satisfy the Governor — although he might see the latter of ttiem sufficieBtilf 
answered, as a matter of fact, from time to time in the London Times newspifC^ 
I repeat, on each and all of these points his Excellency may be satisfied; but ill* 
should elect to yvesa for the extremest proofs (as, for example, formal evidence fw* 
the Court of Chancery as to our eurolmf^ut as a religious corporation, &c.), I shoulA 
necessarily be put to trouble I would fain avoid. But, in any case, I cannot moW 
a step until I learn just what kind and amount of "evidence'* will satis^ bi* 

2. You further say : ** I am to remind j'ou that you have not complied with then 
conditions" {Le., the conditions involved in Act 20, 1847, bi^fore quoted). WiA 
respect to this, I beg to ask if there be &ny form which a Christian minister, entMiog 


ion A charge id these Islands, is expected to fill np ? If there be, what and where 
it T No snch form has been presented to me. Nor has any other minister of whom 
ha?e inquired, been asked to '* comply with these conditions," in the Bense of pro- 
icing credentials or guarantees. 
I claim to have certain ministerial rights — ^rights which compare with those of 

Sf other minister of any other Church — and, as an Englishman, I demand, respect- 
iy bat firmly, to have that claim, not evaded, and not precipitately ignored, but 
.wfally examined and honestly acknowledged. I take my stand where any other 
lergyman, on first coming to this country, would take his. I claim the Act of 1847. 
he Governor can have no other knowledge of the ministerial respectability of, say, 
Presbyterian minister, than he already has of mine, and need not be more ignorant 
f my Church in England than he would be of his. — I am, yours respectfully, 
The Hon. James Tucker, Colonial Secretary. R. Anthony Bilkey. 

Colonial Secretary's OflBce, Feb. 23, 1877. 

Sir, — I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 
Slitinst, and am directed by his Excellency the Governor to inform you, in reply 
l»w»to, that the proof required by his Excellency is, that of your ordination only. 

"No formal evidence from the Court of Chancery, as to the enrolment, as a 
iligions corporation, of the sect or society which you claim to represent," is required. 
-I have the honour to be. Sir, your obedient servant. 

The Rev. R. A. Bilkey. James Tuokek, Colonial Secretary. 

St. George's, Feb. 26, 1877. 

Sir, — I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your reply, dated the 23rd inst., in 
Aich you inform me that "the proof required by his Excellency is, that of my 
ndination only." 

Accordingly, I send with this a document which should meet that requirement-— 
ad which I will ask you to return to me at your convenience. — I am, yours respect- 
nlly, E. Anthony Bilkby. 

The Hon. James Tucker, 

Colonial Secretary's Office, March 3, 1877. 

Sir, — I have the honour herewith to return your Letters of Ordination, which 
ccorapanied your letter of 26th 'February last ; and I am directed by his Excellency 
^ Governor in Council, to inform you, that they have been accepted as sufficient 
loof to justify his Excellency in recognizing you as duly qualified to perform the 
larriage Ceremony in these islands. — I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient 
errant, James Tucker, Colonial Secretary. 

The Rev. R. Anthony Bilkey, 

Minister of the Free Church of England, St. George's. 

St. George's, March 7, 1877. 

Sir, — I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, dated the 3rd instant 
in reply to mine of February 26th), together with the document I had for«varded to 
r<w. Therein you inform me that my Letters of Ordination **have been accepted 
!■ nfficient proof to justify his Excellency in recognizing me as duly qualified 
io perform the Marriage Ceremony in these islands." Au bon droit. 

I have now only to remark that, in my opinion, no thanks are due for the 
^7 acknowledgment of a right which need not have been questioned at all, 
>Bd which never has, to my knowledge, been questioned in the case of any other 
Biiaister. If, as I understand, no other minister has ever been required to submit 
*> iriQch even as proof of ordination, and if, as now transpires, this was the only 
^'idence required by his Excellency, in order to his recognition of my claims — 
^ it not seem a significant and gratuitous act of injustice to demand such proof 
™ Biy case only ? However, nemo mortalium omnibtis horis sapif. 

^ I would, however, thank you. Sir, personally, for the promptness and courtesy 
*Wi which you have carried this correspondence through. 

I have but to add that, as some misunderstanding has arisen in the public 
^ind as to the matter in point, and to prevent further misunderstanding and mis- 
"■proseatation, I may probably see it to be a duty which I owe to myself and 
ny congregation to publish this correspondence. — I am. Sir, yours respectfully, 

R. Anthony Bilkey. 

The Hon. James Tucker, Colonial Secretary. 


The Monthly Meeting of the Council was held on Tuesday, April 10, 
Westminster. Present — the Right Bev. Bishop Sugden, in the chair ; Ber 
P. X. Eldridge, T. E. Thoresby, A. S. Richardson. S. J. C. Dickaee, . 
Wilkie, H. O. Meyers ; Messrs. T. L. Wilson, W. H. Simms, F. S.Merr 
weather, H. T. Sugden, &c. 

After prayer, the minutes were read and approved. 

The Treasurer's Report was presented, showing that there was a balan 
due to the Treasurer on the Bishop's Extension Fund of £38 19s. 5d., and 
balance in hand on the Central Fund of £6 2s. 2d. 

A letter was read from the Rev. J. Brunskill, as to holding the meetii 
of Convocation in Liverpool, whereupon is was resolved — 

''That the holding of Convocation at Liverpool appearing to be inoor 
venient, it was resolved that the meeting of Convocation be held in London 

Resolved '' That this Council, having before it the correspondence betwef 
the Rev. R. A. Bilkey and his Excellency the Governor of Bermuda (thioiil 
the Colonial Secretary) in reference to the Rev. R. A. Bilkey's authority 
solemnize marriages in the Colony, hereby expresses its approval of the fir 
stand which the Rev. Mr. Bilkey has made in defence of his ministeri 
rights, and further assures the inhabitants of Bermuda that the Rev. R. * 
Bilkey is a duly authorized and highly esteemed clergyman of the Fr 
Church of England ; and that, in the interests of civil and religious liberty, 
is further resolved that the Resolution be inserted in the Bermuda Colonic 


Important Resolutions were unanimously passed in relation to the Chnn 
and Schools at Atherton, Lancashire. 

America and Reformed Episcopal Church. 

The Secretary read a letter from the Rev. M. B. Smith, President of ti 
Standing Committee, in reply to the letter entered on the minutes of the la 
meeting, and after a long discussion, a Special Committee was appointed 
consider the relations between the R.E.C. and the Free Church of Englan 

Applications for admission into the Ministry of the Free Church of Englu 
were considered, and resolutions passed thereon. 

In the last number of the Appeal, the organ of the Reformed Ep 
copal Church in America, there is a leading article on the Bvangdic 
Party in the Charch of England, pointing out that the common foe 
Evangelicanism is Romanism, and that this foe is steadily gaining t 
mastery in the English Church. " The Church Times" says the edit^ 
*' has heralded the extinction of Evangelical principles in tliat eccle^ 
tical organization. But God in His Providence has provided a home I 
these brethren. The Reformed Episcopal Church and the Free Cht* 
of England, one in principle and polity, open their doors to receive thee 

This one Church in its two-fold aspect, is the true Charch of Engl*-' 
and the Protestant Episcopal Church of America. It is the Charcb 
which the Evangelicals once separated on the minor doctrine of deer 
can become one for the advancement of the Redeemer's Kingdom. 


f ul^^r's CaWe ^cdh. 


I have before me a remarkable volume. The title-page announces that 
it is "Dris Martini Lutberi Colloquia Mensalia, or Dr. Martin Luther's 
[■ divine discourses at his table, <&c. : translated out of the high Germane into 
f the flnglish tongue by Capt. Kenrie Bell. John vi. 12 : * Gather up th« 
fragments that remain that nothing be lost.' London. Printed by William 
Du Gard dwelling in Suffolk lane near London-stone, 1652." 

In a singular preface, Captain Bell says that being beyond the sea on State 
affairs, he heard in Germany great bewailing and lamentation because Pope 
Gregory XIIL had instigated the Emperor to command all the books o€ 
Luther to be burnt. Eighty thousand copies of the "Table Talk" were 
conanmed. It was made death for any person to possess it. So strictly was 
this edict carried out that it was believed that every copy had been destroyed. 
But in 1626 a German, in digging for the foundation of a house, discovered 
a ** Table Talk" lying in a deep hole, '* being wrapped in a strong linnen 
clotli which was waxed all over with Bee's wax — whereby the book was pre- 
served fair without any blemish." Ferdinand the 2nd, the then Emperor, 
being a foe to the Protestant religion, the discoverer, knowing Captain Bell 
to be " perfect in the high Dutch tongue," sent the book to him, at this time 
wturned to England. With the book came a letter " earnestly entreating 
Mm for the advancement of God's glory and of Christ's Church to translate 
the book, to the end that the most excellent divine work of Luther might 
again be brought to light." What next occurred is so remarkable that it shall 
be given in the worthy Captain's own language. ** Whereupon I took the 
said book before mee and manie times began to translate the same, but 
alwaies I was hindered therein, being called about other business ; insomuc^li 
that "by no possible means I could remain by that work. Then about six 
"weelca after I had received the said Book, it fell out that being in bed one 
lught;, there appeared unto mee an antient man standing at my bed's side 
arraied all in white, having a long and broad white beard hanging down to 
l^is girdle steed : who taking mee by my right ear, spake these wqrds foUow- 
pg Unto mee — * Sirrah ! will you not take time to translate that book whidi 
18 sent you out of Germanic ? I will shortly provide for you both place and 
*Mne to do it ; ' and then he vanisht away out of my sight." Not being at 
*11 superstitious, the good captain took no heed to the vision. However, « 
fortnight afterwards, whilst sitting at dinner, two ofl&cers came from the 
Council with a warrant to take him to the Gate House, Westminster. Ne 
cause was assigned, and it is said that the real cause was that our captain had 
IMfessed the Lord Treasurer for arrears of pay amounting to a large sum ; se 
that hia lordship devised this easy way of getting rid of a troublesome 
^'^^itor. In prison the captain languished ten years. FiVe of these years 
^we spent in translating this book, and thus the words of the vision proved 
J"i®. Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, hearing of the translation, obtained 
■^^^ it and the original from the captain, after some hesitation on the part o( 
*"® latter. Having kept them two months, he (to his honour be it recorded^ 
■^t a messenger to the translator, saying he had "performed a work worthy 
w eternal memory and the more he read therein the more he desired to read,'* 
^ with this kind message sent a present of £10 in gold. After some diffi- 
y**y the book was published, and ever since Luther's homely but profound 
^ftble Talk has been familar as a household word to the English race. 
^^ Thus, in the providence of God, this book was preserved by being buried-; 
^^^ated by a vision-warned prisoner ; and helped to wings by the gold of 
^^r Popish Httie Laud. 



Chapter VII. — ^Hiding the Book. 

Some time elapsed before Alice Cbatfield regained her consoiomUM. 
Her uncle, alarmed beyond measure, shouted lustily, and soon bfOOf^ 
Dame Mostyn and the maids to her assistance. They carried her to ihs 
upper ciiamber, and sent off hastily for the village leech ; but before )» 
arrived, the cordials and distilled waters of which Dame Mostyn always ke(t 
a goodly store, had so helped her recovery that she refused to see Miite 
Poddlestone, who came fully prepared to give her a copious bleeding, wbipk 
kill or cure was his remedy for almost every ailment. No sooner md Alios 
thus partially recover, than, finding herself alone with Dame Moityn, sbfl 
anxiously inquired about Gilbert. 

^'Oh, good dame ! " she eagerly asked, '^ whither have they taken bim?" 
'' "Alack! alack!'' replied the good woman; "they've taken him to 
Greyleye, to my lord Prior, and all about some wicked book. Oh dear 1 di 
dear ! alack ! sdack ! what a foolsome youth." 

" Nay, dame, nay ! thou knowest naught about the matter," geatij 
remons-trated Alice. 

" Wot not about it ?'* exclaimed Dame Mostyn. " Didn't I hear that it 
was seen in his hand, and didn't Master Stephen promise that it should be aH j 
well if he gave it up, and that if he didn't " 

" Well, well, dame, speak no more now, I am weak," said Alice, in a sad, 
desponding tone. 

"Keep thee quiet, sweet mistress. Oh dear, a dear, I fear my pratiqg 
old tongue hast frightened thee." 

So indeed it appeared, for Alice looked deadly pale, and as if about to 
swoon again, but by and bye she became more composed, and asked to be 
left alone. Dame Mostyn, after attending to her comfort in a kind and 
motherly way, quietly withdrew. 

The first thought of Alice was for the book, and it was joy to her to find 
that it was safe in her pocket. She pondered for some time within her mind 
how to guard it from all accident of discovery ; at last she remembered that 
at the bottom of the bedstead head there was a sliding panel, a very common 
contrivance in those days as depositaries for money and valuables ; and she 
Took the opportunity during the absence of Dame Mostyn to place btf 
treasured volume in this place of security. 

But the shock that Alice had sustained proved more serious than at fixit 
supposed. Her grief and anxiety for Gilbert preyed upon her mind, an4 
after a long and sleepless night of anguish, at early morn she fell into a 
disturbed and fitful slumber, to wake a few hours later in a high state 
of fever. 

Master Poddlestone, leech and barber of Stud more, was again sentfof) 
and a great fuss he made in the house, brewing his potions over the kitobeP 
fire and talking ominously of signs and prognostications ; but straage to 
say, in spite of all his leechcraft, his awful messes and copious bleediag>» 
poor Alice, on the third day, was so far recovered as to be able to ait 
up in bed ; but it was a sad and gloomy time, for she could learn nothiqg|J 
to the fate of Gilbert, except that he was lodged in the gate tower ^ 
Greyleye Priory, awaiting, it was supposed, his examination on the change 0^ 

But in the midst of this dull despondency Alice found an unezpeeM 
comforter. Happily she had been taught to read and write, and was, forh^ 


tie, educated even beyond tbe average of her class. Her natural intei- 
ence, and quiet reflective habit of mind, enabled her to profit by all she 
ixned. The little book, so dearly precious to her as the parting gift of 
Ibert, and not esteemed the less because of the danger incident to its 
Bsession, was read when alone, at first from mere curiosity. But the 
wer of the Truth was soon felt. Tbe seed of the Word fell upon good 
>tmd, and her heart warmed and glowed with new-bom gladness as she 
&d the sweet words of solace and tenderness recorded by the disciple whom 
BUB loved. She not only read it in secret, but occupied herself in com- 
Ltting verse after verse to memory, thinking that, should events rob her of 
r tr^ure, some portion of the precious truth might thus . be stamped for 
er upon her heart. What a comfort that little book was to her none can 
II. What a revelation of mercy and love divine, and what a new and 
tter life it opened to her soul ! Oh ! how she longed for some friend with 
lom she could talk about Christ, and how she yearned for the society of 
ilbert now, that they might together rejoice in the happiness of their 
utual faith, and together seek their Saviour's aid to sustain them in their 
itter trials. 

One day, before she had yet left her bed, thus reading, Alice, feeling 
eak, had reclined upon her pillow, and so fell into a reverie, which 
ihered her into a gentle dream of those happy days which seemed, alias ! 
>w gone for ever. All was quiet, and as usual in the afternoon she was 
one, and not likely to be disturbed. As she slept the Gospel book slid 
om her hand, and lay open on the bed, and the title-page, with the words, 

*' Kl^e (©jospjelU as Irg Sagnt |l^cm; pt jmia 
^lagtije €»gl|rg$l^je bg Pjeaster ^gtlgffe/' 

w fully exposed to view. 

Wbilst Alice thus slept, unconscious of danger. Dame Mostyn, who had 
ne to prepare the supper, it being four by the dial, returned bearing on a 
X)den platter a marchpane cake and a small bowl of wheaten gruel for the 
▼alid. Seeing that Alice was asleep, she placed the platter on the table, 
id, turning to the bed, saw the open book. The good dame was no scholar, 
id had never got beyond the horn-book, but she had heard so much 
•out the evils of books of late, and the danger and sin of reading them, 
at her curiosity was excited, and she softly crept to the bedside to ex- 
line what seemed to her a very dangerous possession. Imperfect as her 
iming was, she made out clearly enough the words, " John WycLYFPE," 
: the parchment page, and she could scarcely forbear a scream as she made 
e alarming discovery. Alack ! alack ! what did it all mean ? How coidd 
ice have obtained the book 1 Then she thought that perhaps, after all, 
6 was mistaken, and that it was not one of the dreadful books about which 
had heard so much. Well ! she would wait until Alice awoke, and then 
k her all about it. 

The good dame sat on the window settle for some time thus thinking, 
ttas AUoe still slept, and, not caring to awake her, she thought she would 
ke tbe gruel into the kitchen again, that it might be kept warm. Giving 
t^ons to one of the kitchenmaids to tend it, she was about to return, 
len Geoffiy, the serving man,' came in, bringing some fagots for tbe fire, 
aofiy was still retained ; indeed, it would have been difficult, with the 
^Iflgal regulations between master and man, to have got rid of him, even 
iQcb an act woidd not have excited, as it would have done, the anger and 
'*picion of the monks. To discover heresy was a virtue, and a virtue, it 
^ said, which every good Churchman should encourage,' even if it affected 
^ members of his own household. As for Mostyn, she did not know, not 
^ present at the apprehension of Gilbert, that Geoffry had taken any 
lit in tbe proceedings, so that, when Geoffry greeted her with a "Good 


day, Dame Moystyn," she gave him a gracious answer, and inquired ^ ^ 
gOBsip of tbe day. 

'' Ah ! gossip, Mistress Mostyn ! Evil things are said about us here^^- ^ 
can tell thee." 

'' Evil things, Geoffry ! alack-a-day, what dost thou mean ?" 

*' Why, forsooth, they do say,'' said Geoflfry, "that the quest wiU ha-""^** 
to pay another visit to the Grctehouse." 

"Another visit here! Oh, dear! oh, dear! a mercy me; what next ^ 
wonder. " 

** How's fair Mistress Alice ? " abruptly asked Geoffry." 

" Poor lass, she's sadly, Geoffry, sadly, and frets sore at heart abo'^EJsi 

Ugh ! more's tbe pity,'' said Geoffry, sullenly. 


'* Why, because he's doomed for the stake," replied Geoffry ; " unl( 
indeed," he added, " they can't find the book, for it be said that on his 
to Greyleye he ^ave the book to the devil." 

"What book?" _ i 

"Why, dame, the book of Master Wycliffe's, of course! You see, 3f | 
they don't find tho book, he may perchance escape the burning." 

"Ah! I see, I see," said Dame Mostyn ; "good luck then, it is, surel; 
Yes, yes, I see. Ah ! ah ! good luck, good luck ! " 

" What's good Inck dame ? '' 

"Well, well, well, well !" 

" Well, well, well, well ! " exclaimed Geoffry. " What hast thee fotUL«3, 
good dame, that thou'rt so joysome." 

But dame Mostyn only shook her head, smoothed her kerchief, pursed "vsp 
her I'ps, and looked very knowing. 

Geoffry, crafty knave that he was, saw that there was something to Xse 
known about the lost book, and with adroit cunning set to work to discover 


" I fear me he has it, dame though, for I saw the book in his hand,''8Bfci<I 


The dame still remained prudently silent : would that she had kept so - 

** Better it were burnt, unbeknown to any." 

"Ah ! good, Geoffry, a good thought, Geoffry," said dame Mostyn. 

"Save a heap of trouble," said Geoffry, "The quest 'ill be here "to* 
morrow," he added as a bold venture. 

** Here ! " exclaimed dame Mostyn, " a-lack-a-day, a-lack-a-day, po^ 
Alice!" ^, 

" What about Mistress Alice, dame ; does she know anything about it ? . 

Dame Mostyn, now fully alarmed, looked straight at Geoffry, and go^^ 
close to him, whispered : 

" Wilt thou keep safe counsel, Geoffry ? " | 

" Ah truly, dame, by Holy St. Dunstan I will." i - ce. 

Dame Mostyn, thinking no harm, and only anxious for the safety of A**- » 
on whom she doated, told Geoffry what she had seen. The caitif hst^^-^ 
with malignant joy, but it did not suit his purpose that the book shoul<^ ^ 
burnt. He advised dame Mostyn to go back to Alice, secure the book, ^ 
hide it away in safety for the present. ^ 

Dame Mostyn bustled away on her errand, whilst Geoffry haatene*^ ^^ 
Greyleye Priory, and, knocking loudly at the gate, asked to be taken, witt* 
loss of time, into the presexice of Prior John. 

Chafteb VIIT. — ^Thb Citation. ^ 

When Dame Mostyn returned to Alice, she found her awake and n*-^*^ 

refreshed. The book had disappeared, for Alice had restored it to its ^^Ivvjig 
place, not suspecting that it had been seen. Dame Mostyn eoold not 


tain her anxiety, prompted as it was by a real desire for the welfare of 

* * A.h ! *' she said, " I have news, my dear.'' 
** l^'ews ! of whom ? " eagerly inquired Alice. 

** Of Master Wright. I hear tbey cannot find the book, and they are 
>ly to search for it here.'' 

** And if they find it not, dame, what then ? Will they let Gilbert alone 
peace ? " 

** I wot not," replied the dame. " Geoffry says " 

'* Geoffry ! " exclaimed Alice. 

** Yes, Geoffry ; be says if the book could be hid away, it 'ud be much 
iter for Master Wright." 

** He's a false hind ! " exclaimed Alice. ** Hold no converse with him, I 
ly thee, about Gilbert." 

'* Nay, nay, lass dear ; I ween he meaneth well." 

** He's false, dame, I know it. He it was who brought the quest here. 
3*8 in league with Prior John — trust him not," warmly spoke Alice. 

*' Oh dear, adear ; alack, alack," moaned Dame Mostyn, as she always 
l.when in trouble. 
*' What's the matter, good dame," inquired Alice. 
Oh, what have I done, with my foolish old tongue — alack, alack ! " 
Tell me, good dame, tell me what hurts thy mind," said Alice tenderly, 
oing how distressed she was. 

And then she told Alice how she had seen the book open on the bed, and 
hat she had said to Geoffry about it. When she finished, Alice quietly 
" And where is Geoffry now ? " 
'*I wot not ; he left the kitchen awhile ago." 
"For Greyleye Priory, dame, I doubt not.'' 

Ahce at once saw the danger, but she bore this shock with happy quiet- 
388 of mind. The precious words of the Gospel came even ' now like 
hisperings from the mouth of Jesus to comfort her. She felt strong already 

* the energizing power of the Divine presence, and in the might of that 
dwelling faith which had enabled the glorious army of martyrs to brave 
©tires of persecution, and march triumpliantly to death. She had no 
citation about her duty as a new disciple of her Lord. She refused to 
'ten for one moment to the suggestion of Dame Mostyn as to the destruction 

the Gospel book. She loved it too dearly to show it such dispite, and she 
^Ived to keep it as long as she had power to do so. She did not divulge ■ 

* hiding-place, but took every opportunity of reading it, and adding some 
ccious text to the riches of her memory. 

The next day Alice was so much better as to be able to sit in the parlour, 
'o Mfaa disappointed to find that her uncle knew nothing more about 
■Ibert. He had several times inquired at the Priory, but the lay brother 
^ht3 gate was disinclined to answer his (questions, and all he could learn 
^ that Gilbert was awaiting his examination. 

Alice, amidst this anxious uncertainty, again found solace in her hid 
^J8ure. She soon, however, ventured in the boldness of her love to take 
^it>m its hiding-place, and read it as she sat alone in the quiet curtained 
•y^^indow of the old parlour. Already she began to feel the workings of 
^t living zeal which a loving recognition of the good news ever stirs in the 
**©lfi8h heart. She longed to tell others of her Saviour and His free offers 
^ercy, and she began to question to herself whether ^he ought to hide so 
^tily as if ashamed of it, the little book, when her uncle or Dame Mostyn 
^P^oached. She was thus thinking, when Dame Mostyn herself came in, 
^ sat down to her work. Alice soon introduced the subject now so dear 
' ^Qr heart, by quickly taking the Gospel from her pocket, and commencing 
^ <^Ad the 14th chapter of John. 


Poor Dame Mostyn was terribly frightened ; indeed, as soon as she ww 
the book, she shuffled her stool farther away, as if she feared some tenOde 

"A mercy me ! " she cried, "put that book away ! " 

'^Fear thee not,'' said Alice, ''it is a good-news message, and one thai 
will delight thee to hear." 

'' Prithee not now, sweet Mistress Alice ! prithee not now ! " she ex- 
claimed, holding up both hands in an imploring gesture, and loddng 
nervously round, as if almost expecting to see the constable peeping in at 
the door. 

Allay thy fears," said Alice gently, '' whilst I tell thee somewhat sboot 
these sweet words of Jesus Christ." 

And so by degrees the good dame was led to listen, and as she lirtened 
marvelled that words so gentle and full of love could be heresy. Why, HiiBf 
were sweeter than the homilies of Kogcr de Whyttenham ! Well, well, she 
could'nt understand it at alL 

Whilst thus engaged, her uncle entered in great excitement. He heU 
a slip of parchment in his hand, to which was attached a pendant sealol 
yellow wax. He looked pale and alarmed, and in such a state of frightened 
eagerness, that he could scarcely speak. 

*' Alice ! Alice ! " he at last exclaimed, pointing to the document whub 
fluttered in his trembling hand. 

" What is it, dear uncle ? " cried Alice, starting from her seat. 

The old man almost gasped for breath in his speechless fear. He shook 
as if he had the ague, and could only mutter — •* Kead, read." 

Alice took the parchment from his hand, but like all the legal documents 
of that time, it was written in Latin, and so was a dead language to her ; 
but attached to it were a few words in English, writ by way of explanation, 
which ran thus : '^ This is a citation to Mistress Alice Chatfield, to appear 
on the eve of the Feast of St. Editha, before the Lord Bishop of Winchester 
and the Abbot of Andover, at Greyleye Priory, then and there to answer the 
charge of heresy, on the deposition of Geoffry Tryon." 

'* The lossel caitif ! " exclaimed Anthony Barton, in a rage. 

** Oh, alack a-day, alack a-day," sobbed Dame Mostyn, who now saw the 
mischief her gossip had done. 

" But — but, Alice, what meaneth it all ?" inquired Anthony, still in great 

"Dear uncle, be calm," said Alice. 

"Calm, niece!" exclaimed Anthony with sudden energy, "and this 
vile charge against thee, my sweet one ! Alice, dear," he continued, nor 
with trembling voice again, "thou shalt not go — no, no ; they shall never 
take thee from me ; no — ^no — no ! " and the old man sobbed bitterly. 

" Nay, uncle, fear not, they canst not harm me." 

"Harm thee ! why, with the lying speech of that false caitif, theyinll 
bum thee, my darling ! Alice — Alice, dear let us flee," said the old man, 
"let us flee!" 

It was long, indeed, before Alice could calm her uncle's fears ; but her 
own sweet heroism won upon him at last. Her fair young face expressed no 
terror, and although her girlish mirth was gone, and the sunny smiles thai 
were wont to dance in every feature had fled, there was in her 'whol^ 
countenance a sweet and holy serenity, radiant with the quiet joy of inwarf 


^jpfitings from onx '^oU-'^Dok. 

The Rev. P. Norton recently delivered a very interesting address at 
tlehampton on the " Names of Flowers/' 

The Right Bev. Bishop Sugden preached at Emmanuel (Countess of 
intingdon's) Church at Great Malvern, on Tuesday, April 17th. 

** Gilbert Wright, the Gospeller,'' the tale now appearing in. this 
fcgazine, is being re-published, with the consent of the author, in the 
jpeal, the organ of the Reformed Episcopal Church in America. 

The Fifth General Council of the Reformed Episcopal Church will be 
Id at Philadelphia on the 9th of this month. In all probability cable 
mmunications will be transmitted from the Council of the Free Church of 
Dgland during its sitting. 

The Special Meeting appointed by the Council to consider very im- 
)rtant questions in relation to the Reformed Episcopal Church and the 
ree Church of England, met at Worcester on Wednesday, April 18. The 
)port will be presented at the next meeting of Council. 

St. Stephen's (Countess of Huntingdon's) Chapel, Rochdale, seems to be 
Imost completely under Congregational management. In the account of 
16 ordination there of the Rev. R. Lovell, given in the Christian IVorld, 
e do not find any of the Countess of Huntingdon's ministers named as 
iving been present. 


Between three and four years ago, a Free Church of England Mission 
as commenced in a little village, a veritable **Zoar," in the West of 
ingland. At first the service was held in a cottage on Sunday afternoon 
nly, when the glad tidings of salvation by grace, through faith in the Lord 
esus Christ, was simply and earnestly taught. 

From the commencement a spirit of hearing was given to the people, and 
I a few months we were obliged to obtain a larger room. The congregation 
>ined most heartily in the singing and responses, and were very attentive 
) the preaching, some of them coming from long distances to attend the 
drvices. But all this, though great matter for thankfulness, was not the 
iain object for which the services were held. That which we earnestly 
haired was to see our fellow-creatures awakened to their lost condition as 
inners, and then led to seek and find forgiveness and acceptnace with God, 
lirough the mediation of our gracious Redeemer. 

Conscious how utterly powerless man is in himself to obtain such a 
l^»ed result, we sought the earnest prayers of some of God's faithful ones, 
^tthe Word spoken in weakness might be accompanied with power from 
^ high. All praise be to God ! Our petitions were heard and answered. He 
P^ the arrow of conviction, and caused it to enter the heart of a young girl, 
'^e prayed with her, and directed her to the blessed Saviour and His pro- 
^8, and at last had the joy of witnessing her confession of faith in Jesus, 
^ot long after, her mother, who had long known the plan of salvation but 
^0 had not decided the great question for herself, was aroused to the 
^ssity of making sure work for eternity. One Sunday evening she came 

* ^, earnestly desiring to feel the peace of God in her heart. VVe directed 

* to the only source of peace and joy. God, in His goodness, manifested 
^^i to her as her Saviour. She fell on her knees, took the place of a sinner, 
^ed the promises, and after a while was enabled to praise the Lord for 


the witness of the Spirit within her, that she was "justified freely by B 

The work continued, and God was pleased to bless His own Word toil 
conversion of souls. But there were some of our congregation who we 
most regular in attendance at all the services, for whom our souls yearns 
They seemed to be halting between two opinions — almost, but not altogethe 
Christians. At this time there was given to us more of the spirit of praye 
Some of our number met together day by day for some months to plei 
earnestly with God, that He would grant an especial outpouring of H 
Spirit amongst us. At length we determined to hold some continao 
special services, and invited an Evangelist, who has been much owned 
God, to be the preacher. He consented, and came to us, supported ai 
encouraged by the prayers of his own flock, but — 

"God moves in a mysterious way 
His wonders to perform." 

Just before these meetings, a young married man, in the prime of heal 
and strength, was taken ill. The fiat went forth, '' The place that knew k 
shall know him no more." After a short but severe illness of two or the 
days he passed away. This sudden death of one well known and universaT 
respected, caused a solemn feeling to pervade the neighbourhood, and seen 
to be used of God to prepare the hearts of the people to receive the tml 
The meetings were held in a large bam. Between two and three handr 
persons were sometimes present, and the Word preached was felt to be wi 

The results will only be known " when He maketh up His jeweU 
for many strangers came and went whom we saw no more, but tidings ha 
reached us that at least one of these had cause to thank God for these spec 
services. Amongst our own congregation there was much blessing. It n 
indeed a time when ** Jesus of Nazareth passed by." Some of those for wh< 
we had interceded with God, were able to rejoice in the Lord. In the fam. 
of that young girl, who was the first fruit of our labour of love, there w 
much cause for praise. Father, mother, daughter, and two sons (young m< 
all made a confession of faith. God grant that they may continue to the ex 

Twelve months have passed away ; the past year has not been withe 
fruit. The widow of the young man to whose death we have referred, ci 
in her lot some months ago with the people of God. A Sunday or two ago, 
she was returning from inoming service (we have two services on the Sabtoi 
now, and commemorate the dying love of our Lord on the first Sunday in t: 
month), she said to a friend who had been recently bereaved, " I know wfc 
trials are ; my best earthly friend was taken from me. but since then I hai 
found a Heavenly Friend, one better to me than ever husband could \p* 
Praise the Lord ! May He continue to grant her the consolations of His lo"^ 

On narrating this history to a brother minister a few days ago, he s^^ 
'^ Send it to the Magazine." I do so in the hope that some who read tl 
record of God's mercy, may have their faith strengthened, and may be I- 
with brighter hope and more earnest expectation of blessing, to — 

" Tell again tlie old, old story, 
Of Jesus and His love." 

A. R H- 

Study op the Wokd. — In puttinsr on your armour, don't forget that the swiC 
of the Spirit is the Word of God. Not content with merely reading your Bit' 
study it. Instead of skimming over whole acres of truth, put your spade into 4 
most practical passages, and dig deep. Study the twenty-fifth Psalm, and "C 
twelfth chapter of Romans, as well as the sublime eighth chapter. Study the wlft^ 
Epistle of James. It will teach you how a Christian ought to behave before 1^ 
world. As you get on further you may strike your hoe and your mattock into ^ 
rich ore-beds of the Book of John. Saturate your heart with God's Word. — Tbmo» 



X7B1NG the last few years a large sum of money has been expended in 

mak-iiag known the principles of the Free Church of England, yet much 

lemskljis to be done in this way, and we are continually receiving applica- 

tioas for information. Some of our correspondents urge us to print in 

ever^r number of the Magazine some explanation in a condensed form of the 

fanciskmental principles of our Church. We cannot promise to do so in 

everjT number, but we recognise the importance of the suggestion, and having 

goocL reasons to believe that at this particular period it is important that the 

[ ackxi.owledged principles of the Free Church of England should be widely 

Imo^w^, we print in full the 

BtcUxration of Frinciples of th-e. Free Church of England, in union with the 
£ieformed Episcopal Church, {Adopted at Convocation held in London^ 
^'u/My 1876.) 

X. — The Free Church of England, holding " the faith once delivered unto 
the saints," declares its belief in the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New 
Testaments as the Word of God, and the sole Bule of Faith and Practice ; 
in the Creed "commonly called the Apostles' Creed ;" in the Divine institu- 
tion, of the Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper ; and in the doc- 
tnnea of grace substantially as they are set forth in the Thirty-nine Articles 
of Religion. 

XI. — The Church recognizes and adheres to Episcopacy, not as of. Divine 

I light, but as a very ancient and desirable form of Church polity ; but for 

t the avoidance of any possible misunderstanding, it hereby emphatically 

ueclstres its repudiation of the Komish dogma of Apostolical Succession in 

^^ IMinistry as involving the transmission of spiritual powers. 

Xll. — This Church, retaining a Liturgy which shall not be repressive of 
freedom in prayer, accepts the Book of Common Prayer as revised and re- 
oonannended for use by the Convocation of the Free Church of England. 

XV. — This Church condemns and rejects the following erroneous and 
strand ge doctrines as contrary to God's Word ; — 

^irst. That the Church of Christ exists only in one order or form of 
^^^esiastical polity : 

Second, That Christian ministers are " Priests '' in another sense than 
that; in which all believers are " a royal priesthood :" 

Third, That the Lord's Table is an altar on which the oblation of the 
Bo^^ and Blood of Christ is offered anew to the Father : 

^otfrth, That the Presence of Christ in the Lord^s Supper is a presence 
^ t^lie elements of Bread and Wine : 

^iftb, That B>egeneration is inseparably connected with Baptism. 
^7". — This Church, in its public worship, and in preaching the Gospel of 
^d Lord Jesus Christ, is distinctly opposed both to Sacerdotalism and 

hive in the Present ; The Five Wonderful Alls ; Do All for God. By the Rev. J. B- 

Figgis, M.A. Partridge and Co., Paternoster Row. 
"^^ese neat little tracts, published at 6d. per dozen, are laden with gems of 
Christian thought ; and not only useful for general and extensive distribution, but 
•dnairably adapted for a place in the pocket-book of the busy man, to be taken out 
P*^ I'ead during those spare moments of time that occur even in the most active 
livcss. yffQ i^n J « liVfQ in the Present " in the railway train, on our way to town, and 
r^ -S^od counsel and wise thoughts of the little book did not leave us when we 
^u^bted at the terminus, but took up their abode in our mind we trust for ever. 
" ® felt spiritually healthier for the perusal, and so can very earnestly commend it to 
^^'eadepg. " Do All for God " and the " Five Wonderful Alls " are full of thoi:^htR, 
^P'^aenaed and suggestive, all tending to " the encouragement of holier and higher 
■""^ iu Christian Uf e." 


\AU comniuuicatio7i8 for this department rMist be sent direct to the Ed/Uoff ye^t* 
Maiden, Surrey, not later than the ISth of the month.^ 

CARDIFF. — St. Paul's Frek Church op Eitoland. 
The Vestry Meeting "was held on Easter Monday, when all the Chnic^S 
officers were re-elected. Good progress was reported. The Sunday-adioc^^ 
has very much increased, and from an average attendance of about 50 ' 
reached nearly 200. The course of lectures which the Rev. G. Mackey 
recently been delivering on the "Modern Creed of Pope Pius IV.," h»t' 
been remarkably well attended. 

HIGH WYCOMBE. — Christ Church Free Church op Englaitd. 
The Siindiiy-school in connection with this Church has recently mad 
rapid progrens, owing in part to the Christian efforts of the earnest an« 
devoted band of teachers, who spare neither time nor labour in thei^' 
endeavours to interest and benefit the children, and also because of a nc 
system of teoching (recommended by a neighbouring clergyman), whi( 
appears peculiarly adapted to the necessities and exigencies of model 
Sunday-schools. A carefully chosen library has recently been establishes^ i 
and is now in good working order. 

The Church Committee have resolved not only to support the Sien-^^ 
Leone Mission, for which sermons were preached some mouths since by tli -^^ 
Rev. AV. H. Hinea, but have decided to hold an annual meeting in behaC — ^ 
of the Moravian Mission. Under tlie late Vicar, sermons were pi " ^ 
annually in the Parisli Church for the Moravian Mission Aid Society, am 
as. these are now discontinued, the Committee deem it both a privilege 
a duty to render all po.ssiblo assistance to a society so ancient and, in bygoa 
years, so honoured of God. 

HOLLINVVOOP. — St. James's Free Church op England. 

This Church mourns the loss of another valued member in the person 
Mrs. T. Dawson, who died after a severe attack of bronchitis, on Marc 
27th. She was buried at St. Margaret's, the Vicar, the Rev. T. ChapmM»- 9 
reading the service. Mr. Walker, licensed Evangelist, preached a very aUL^ 
sermon at St. James's on April 8tli, in relation to this sad event. Mr^^« 
Dawson died in peace, leaving abundant evidence that she had be^s 
** washed in the blood of the Lamb." 

Wo are glad to hear that this Cliurch is now improving, and that M"Mr. 
Walker, and it« band of devoted teachers, are beginning to see some fruL"fca 
as the result of their patient labours. 

NEW MALDEN. — Trinity Free Church of England. 
A Vestry Meeting was held in the Institute, on Thursday, April 5th, "^^^ 
Incumbent presiding. The Churchwardens presented their accounts ft*^^ 
financial statomeuts, which were duly audited. Mr. G. R. Pilgrim "^^fj* 
nominated minister's warden. Mr. Merryweather elected people's chui^*^ 
wardens ; and Messrs. Ay res and Howell, sidesman. A report was presen't^^ 
in accordance with the resolution of a previous meeting by the chur^**' 
wardens, as to the best mode of immediately raising ^400 for the purcb^** 
of the freehold and the iron building, now used as an Institute. It "*^ 
decided to raise a portion by subscription, and tlie rest on a n*®^**^. 
Several sums were at once promised : Mr. Ciutterbuck £'10, Mr. Rioa**^^*' 
f5 53., Mr. Howel, i:5 5s., Mrs. E., £1. 

OSWALDTWISTLE.— Holy Trinitv Frek Church of England. .-^^ 
A library in connection with the Schools belonging to the Church ^^^^^i 
just been opened. The collection at present consists of 420 volumes, ' 


ia hoped that friends interested in this effort will contribute suitable 
oks. A Free Church of England Young Men's Mutual Improvement 
sociation has also been formed, and some admirable rules and bye-laws 
uned and printed. The objects of the Association are stated to be : The 
iintenauce of the Protestant principles of the Free Church of England 
d her defence against all her enemies ; the encouragement of kindly inter- 
arse amongst her members ; and the promotion of the religious and mental 
provement, and the personal usefulness of the members. 

PUTNEY. — Emmanuel Free Church of England. 
A Vestry Meeting was held at this Church on Easter Tuesday, for the 
)ction of Gharcli offioerii; ^bc. The B^r. H. €L Hej^ws tiomiiuM. J: N. 

kge, Esq., minister's warden, and E. Cox, Esq., was elected people's 
urchwarden. The position of this Church is very encouraging, and nearly 
3 whole of the debt has been cleared off. The Church has recently been 
ensed for marriages. 

SOUTHAMPTON. —St. John's Free Church of England. 

The Annual Vestry Meeting was held April 3. About seventy or eighty 
TO present, the Rev. E. J. Boon, the pastor, presiding. Alter prayer, and 
ew introductory remarks by the chairman and Mr: Harris, Mr. Monk read 
9 balance-sheet, which was very satisfactory, and showed a balance of 
» 2s. lOd. in hand. The Hon. Secretary, Mr. Edney Page, reported the 
>rk of the Committee during the past year, also that the expenditure on 
K»unt of the Sunday-school had been ^19 3s. 4^d., and the amount 
reived was M23 3s. 4^d., leaving a balance in hand of £4. The 
nibers in the Sunday-school increased Sunday after Sunday ; good 
ier was maintained, but their great difficulty was the want of teachers — 
tb ladies and gentlemen. The building fund, he stated, had during the 
at year been almost in a state of inactivity, but there was now a small 
lance of £12, which would form the nucleus for some useful work. There 
•s great need of a new Sunday-school. The chairman spoke of the necessity 
this, and hoped that a Committee would be appointed to take up the matter 

The meeting then proceeded with the election of officers. Mr. Harris 
•s elected minister's warden ; Mr. Monk, people's warden ; and Mr. Edney 
•ge. Honorary Secretary ; the following gentlemen being elected a.s the 
'Urch Committee : Messrs. T. Crocker, Jos. Stevens, A. Doggrell, Alfred 
yne, R. E. Page, Arnold, Lewington, A. Davies, Curtis, G. Robins, 

Harrindaile, and George Crocker. 

After the ordinary business, the Chairman presented, on behalf of the 
^gregation, to Miss Page — wiio had voluntarily and most efficiently fulfilled 
' duties of Organist — a very handsome Secretaire, as a testimonial of their 
preciation of her valuable services, and he hoped the gift would tend to 
•lind her of the work she had done in connection with St. John's Free 
Urch of England, that she would be long spared to occupy the position 
^ did at present, and that the whole of her future life would be crowned 
'li an abundant blessing. 

On Sunday afternoon, March 18, the annual distribution of prizes to the 
olars of St. John's Sunday-school took place. The Pastor distributed 
^^t seventy volumes, prefacing the presentation of the prizes with appro- 
^te words of encouragement and advice. The free competitive examination, 
^ch has now become the established mode of testing knowledge in this 
^ool, was this year taken part in by about sixteen of the eldest of the 
molars, and five valuable books were presented for the five best papers. 
^ first prize, "Eadie's Biblical Encyclopedia," was gained by Walter 
•Wlinson, of Mr. Page's (first) class ; next came two papers of equal merit, 
^-tten by Harry Rawlins, of Mr. Monk's (second) class, and Amy Woodland, 
^iss Bowditch's (second) class, Rawlins receiving Dr. Edersheim's 


** Temple Service," and Amy Woodland, " Social Life of the Jewj.»lw **^* 
same author. The other two succeHsf ul competitors were Loniaa WoodlfO^^ 
of Miss Page's (Hrst) class, and Jackman, of Mr. Banister's (fourth) ^B^ 

SPALDING — St. John's Frbb Church of England. 

The Anniversaiy i::>ermon8 were preached on Sunday, March 25th, by tlw 
Rev. P. X. Eldridge. The congregations, both morning, afternoon, and 
evenini^, were good. In the afternooon tho children and their friends neaily 
filled the Church. 

On the following evening tlie Public Meeting was held in the schoolroom. 
The School Keports were very encouraging, showing a most satisfactory 
attendance of teachers and scholars during the year. Several recitatiou 
were given by the children, and the special hymns were well sang. 
Altogether the meeting was a most successful one, the schoolroom being | 
inconveniently crowded. 

On the Wednesday a Service of Song, Rpecially compiled for the occasloc 
by the Rev. P. X. Eldridge, entitled "The Man of Sorrows," wa« given by 
the choir. 

TEDDINGTON. — Christ Church Free Church of England. 

On Sunday, March 25, Bishop Sugden preached morning and evening, 
and in the latter discourse brought prominently forward the claims of the 
Free Church movement to support. A sum of X'5 from the offertory for 
the day was devoted to the I'ree Church Extension Fund. Next evening, 
March 26th, an appreciative audience filled the school -room, and were 
delighted by an excellent concert, sustained by Mr. Howard Reynolds, the 
celebrated comet player, and by many well-known amateurs, in aid of the 
funds of the Boy's School, which profited by their exertions to the extent of 
£7 15s. 

On Thursday, April 12, Christians of all denominations — ^including the 
neighbouring clergy, Congregationalists, Baptists, AVesleyans — met at seven 
o'clock to celebrate the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. The Rev. W. Pate, 
Congregational Minister, Kingston, delivered an admirable address of 
about ten minutes duration on Christian fellowship, saying that unity did 
not involve uniformity, and that as in a wheel the nearer to the centre the 
nearer the spokes were to each other, so among Ciiristians the nearer to 
Christ the less the difference between them. 

The General Meeting of the Church was held on Monday, the 16th April, 
at seven o'clock, in the Girl's School, Bishop Sugden in the chair. The Trea- 
surer presented his annual Report. The Bishop congratulated the members of 
the Church on its peaceful relations and its progress, in spite of changes and 
removals. Whilst rejoicing in the measure of success already attained, he 
was by no means satisfied, and trusted that they would see higher attainment 
in spiritual life, and in practical devotion to the service of Christ. He 
expressed his hearty thanks to the Churchwardens, who had been unwearied 
in their attention to the interests of the Church and congregation, to the 
Treasurer, the Secretary, Sidesmen, and Auditor, and other officers, with 
whom he had enjoyed cordial harmony, and from whom he had received all 
assistance. He also expressed his grateful sense of the aid afforded to bim 
in the liturgical portion of the services by the Rev. J. Wilkie, whose constant 
and disinterested assistance he was glad to acknowledge. The pew-to-pew 
offertory had been successful, and had realized JcQO more than the boxes 
at the door had done last year. He also stated that the Siinday-sohool 
was overfull. He trusted that the year upon which they were entering would 
be to themselves and to the churches of Christ around them a year of blessipg. 
An animated discussion on various Church matters followed. The following 
officers were elected : Treasurer, Mr. T. McComas ; Churchwardens, MeBsn. 
R. J. Tozer and W. H. Denyer ; Sidesmen, Messrs. J. Garrett, 0. M. 


CtMxftird, W. G. Taylor, and J. Simmonds ; Auditor, Mr. J. N. Goatly; 
Bou, Secretary, Mr. S. Hill, jiin. A vote of thanks was cordially passed to 
^^ Ch6ir for their voluntary and valuable services. Reference was also made 
to some slight modifications in the service desired by some members of the 
Church, with a view to their increased propriety and spirituality, especially 
in the sustentation of a spirit of praise. It was deemed best to inake no 
alteration at present. A cordial vote of thanks to Bishop Sugden, congratulat- 
iijg him on his promotion to the Episcopate, brought the proceedings to a 


A lecture was given on Friday evening, February 27th, by the Rev. W. 
Glenny Orory, in the temporary place of worship of the Free Church of 
£n^)and, Topsham, on " Baptismal Regeneration." The mode of adminis- 
tration and the proper subjects of baptism were incidentally mentioned, 
' the lecturer supporting the poedo-baptist position, and arguing for sprinkling 
rather than immersion. But the p'*iiit and purpose of the lecture was to 
show that the heresy of " Baptismal Regeneration " was opposed to the Word 
of God, and also contrary to the creed of the Church of England. The Free 
Church of England, he said, had done good service in expunging certain 
portions from the directions for the Administration of Baptism in the Prayer- 
book, which are at least redundant and ambiguous. She (the Free Church 
of England) liad also, by allowing the custom of godfathers and godmothers 
"to fall into desuetude, done a well-timed service to the cause of Protestant 
Ohristianity. After an exhaustive treatment of the subject, the lecturer 
concluded by remarking that the Anglican clergyman, who, under the notion 
that he was a priest, and could, therefore, if only he intended it, regenerate 
the soul of the person he baptized, not only contradicted the Creed he 
professed to believe, but raised himself up in rebellion against Christ. The 
attendance was fair, and tha lecture was well received. — U^estern Times. 

TOTTINGTON.— St. John's Free Church of England. 
The ninth anniversary of the openin ^ and consecration of this Church 
took place on March 25bh, when two sermons were preac'jed by the Rev. 
John Miley, of Middleton. The collections of the day amounted to £20. 
The weather was most unfavourable. 


A Special Convocation will be held at Westminster on Tuesday, May 8th, at 
1 o*clock for the transaction of most important business. 

P. S. Meeeyweathee, Son. Sec. 

The Quarterly Meeting of the Council of the Proe Church of England, will be held 
(d.v.) at 3, Westminster Chambers, Victoria-street, Westminster, on Tuesday, 
May 8th, at 11 o'clock. P. S. Meeetweather, Hon. Sec. 

The Monthly Meeting of the Southern District of the Pree Church of England will 
be held (n.v.) at 3, Westminster Chambers, Victor! a- street, Westminster, on Tuesday, 
May 8th, at 11 o'clock. John Wilkie, Hon Sec. to the District. 

In future all letters, applications, and inquiries relative to the general work of 
the Free Church of England, should be addressed to Mr. P. S. Meeeyweathee, Son. 
Sec, Free Church of England Committee Rooms, 3, Westminster Chambers, Victoria- 
street S.W. 

Subscriptions and donations, .which arc urgently needed to extend the Home 


Protestant Mission Work of the Free Church of England, may bo sent \ij cheque, 
Post-office order, or stamps, addressed to the Treasurer, T. L. WiLSOK, Eaq^ ^, West* 
minster Chambers, Victoria-street, S.W. 

Applications or inquiries relative to the opening of Freo Church of England 
Services in parishes beset with Ritualism and Sacerdotalism, may be addressed to the 
President or Secretary of the District to which that application relates. 


All letters, MSS., Books for Review, Notices of Meetings and Reports^ should be 
sent direct to the Editor, New Maiden, Surrey. 

Advertisements to J. D. APFLBTOif, 7, St. Johu's-terracc, St. John's-street-Toad, 
London, E.C. Scale of Prices as follows : One Page, £1 Is. ; Half Page, 12b. 6d. ; 
Quarter Page, 7s. 6d. Bills stitched, £1. Short Advertisements, 6d. per line. 

Our friends are reminded that all orders for Magazines and Free Church of 
England Publications must be prepaid. Wo mention this to save trouble to ourselves 
and disappointment to our subscribers. 

We ask Superintendents and Teachers in our Sunday-schools to assist us in our 
efforts to increase the circulation of the Magazine, by making it known in the school 
and in the home circle. We shall be happy to send handbills and specimen numben 
to those so disposed to help. 




Qoring, — Rev. J. Dunk. 

Rev. R. and Mrs. Pingree £0 10 

Miss Perrins (Kent) 6 

An old Bible Scholar 5 6 

10 6 

JSlley-.—'KeT, E. Jacob. 
Collections, &c £5 

Southampton, — Per Mr. H. Davis. 
" First Fruits *' 10 

Contributions, d:c., to be sent to the Treasvrer, Mr. Frederick Wm. Willcocks, 

Myddelton Villas, Lloyd Square, W. C, 


The Editor begs to acknowledge the receipt of Jib from " A Sympathizing 
Friend," a member of the Church of England, and a reader of the Magaziw, 
in an exceedingly kind letter, which was as gratifying as the money contriba- 
tion to our work. 


S, R.— The Free Church of EnRlaiid Hymn-book may bo had of Messrs. Parfridge. You may 
thoroughly dei)end upon its Evangelical character. 

Mr. W. Martin. — The subject is in many ways an unpleasant one. Its moral effect has been 
infamous. If you desire to inquire further into this subject, you will find some heart- 
depressing information in *• Awful Disclosures from the Moral Theology of AlphonsusLignori, 
who was canonized in the year 1839," by R. P. Blakeney. But there is another aspect of the 
case, that of placing a " priest " in the place of God, which strikes at the root of all truth. 
Take this passage from St. Philip Neri, the patron saint of the Oratorians : *• Those who 
denire to advance in the ways of God, commit themselves to a wise confessor, whom they obey 
88 holding the place of God. He who does this scatres hlmsp.lf from rendering an account to 
God of his actions." 

F. EccLE8TON.~AJl applications of this kind should be uddrossed to the District Secretary. Tou 

will find all the information you need in the Fourteenth Annual Report of the Free Chorch of 

G. R., >ow Maiden.— Yes ; but we have purposely abstained from referring to it. 

Meyers (will 
noticed next month); "Ought Protestant Christians to Circulate Romish Versions of the 
Word of God," Ac. 


JUNE, 1877. 

Ths long and anxiously expected jadgment in the appeal case, the 
BT. C. J. Bidsdale v. Clifton and others, was glyen on the 12th nit., and 
s been generally approved, having called forth careful and, on the 
hole, jndicions comments from the public Press. The political papers 
: ▼arions shades of opinion regard it as decidedly adverse to the views 
I the Ritualists, yet as bearing in some respects the character of a com- 
romise, and as, in the matter of costs, dealing very tenderly with the 
elinqnent Protestant traitors.* The religious or ecclesiastical journals 
K>k upon it from a closer point of view, and if with prejudice yet with 
le&rer apprehension of its character. The simple fact is, that it is neither 
victory nor a defeat, or perhaps both a victory and a defeat, for the 
ivangelical and the Ritualist parties. Of the four pomts involved, the 
idgment condemns the Popish vestments, premising, however, that it 
oes so for " Priests " or inferior ministers only, but that it takes no 
ognizance of those of Bishops ;f it allows the Eastern position, pro - 
iding^that the priest stands so as to allow the people to see his ''manual 
cts of consecration ;" it prohibits wafer-bread, or " the wafer properly 
o called," but allows the use of '' fine wheat bread," shaped and cut thin 
o as to resemble a wafer ; it condemns the use of a crucifix, except as a 
colptnred decoration (Philpotts v. Boyd), and as sanctioned by a faculty 
rem the ordinary. 

Looking at the decision from an independent point of view, we think 

* The Times says : " The result, it may be hoped, is such as may be accepted 
>J all bat extreme partisans on either side. The Ritualist vestments, indeed, are 
iliolately, and no donbt finally, condemned. But the mere adoption of the Eastern 
HMttion cannot by itself he henceforth the groond of a penal prosecution." 

t The words of the judgment are : " They do not propose to express any opinion 
jMm. the vestures proper to be worn by Bishops, as to which separate considera- 
Qons may arise." We are informed that the Bishop of Loudon wears a cope or 
tMndotal doak when celebrating at St. Paurs Cathedral. 


onr Eyangelical Protestant brethren who rejoice over it are very flu 
fw small mercies, and very Indifferent to great calamities. The ( 
Times, May 18th, says, and tmly : ''All that will now follow 
gradual adoption of the Eastward position, to onr mind far more imp 
as a ritual observance than the vestments, in hundreds and thousa 
churches where the chasuble had no chance of admission; and thus c 
forth in them of that sacrificial doctrine which the Bennett judgmei 
made legally unassailable, and which is the real matter of coni 
underlying the surface dispute about robes and gestures." 

We earnestly call the attention of our brethren of the Protests 
Evangelical Churches to this utterance, in the firm conviction that 
be the basis of future Ritualist action. We rejoice to see tiiat the 
and Bev. E. Y. Bligh has, in the Eock of May 18th, taken up this s 
and urged the Evangelical portion of the Church to ^' be united 
man to resist to the very last extremity the disgrace and infiictioii 
established by the pending judgment*) of legalising the position 
Roman priest, which was deliberately rejected at the Reformation, 
also pertinently and wisely adds, '' Could I be brought to believe 
local presence of the Son of God upon an altar at the east em 
church, I should doubtless concede that the most gorgeous vee 
were the best — green, red, or blue, it would little matter which 
the real point is, is the doctrine true or false ? The Rituah'sts 
tell us they believe it is true, and they require the eastward posil 
denote it It is impossible therefore that, either with regard t( 
itself or to the self respect due to ourselves as Evangelical derg 
laity, we can in any way consent to a compromise on a point so vii 

We agree with Mr. Bligh, this is " the real point^ and the juc 
tacitly sanctions the false doctrine. But have not this and other 
false and soul-destroying doctrines been diligently taught in thonsa 
our parish churches for many years past, and are they not week 
almost daily inculcated? The simple truth is, the Popish poisoi 
the Book of Common Prayer. The Gorham case, tiie Bennett ca 
Ridsdale case are all compromises of truth with the vain idea of se 
ptiict. The true l^otestants of England must meet tiie Ritualist 1 
as Jehu met Joram, and to the inquiry, "Is it peace! " thej 
respond, " What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother J 
and her witchcrafts are so many t '* Let them carry out Privy ( 
judgments as they can be secured for the truth and for the welfare 
Church of Christ ; but their labour, and that of the Church Assoc 

* Mr. B)igh*8 communication was penned and sant before the deUTary 
jvdgmaat. Tba jndgmont haa aanctionad tha Eastern position, providfldtka 
may see the '* mannid acts ** of the priest. 

^ The ^9ck, May ISth, 1877, page 419. 

xne spsAKora diad-^-ouk xiraLiBH xAirrai. 103 

riD an be in Tidn so long as Sacerdotalism is left rankling in the Book of 
Kommon Prayer^ poisoning nearly all the offices of the Chorch, and 
Mftating the home, the school, and the sanctuary. For onrselves, we 
mfess an ntter want of faith in the Evangelical section of the Gharcb. 
!fe lacks both principle and courage. It has not a single man, layman or 
lirie, who has the capacity of a leader. The time for whimpermg has 
ftag passed by ; the Church of England, if she is to remain Protestant, 
Mist haye a native Luther, who, Bible in hand, must represent her before 
he Parliament and the nation, and say, as the noble reformer did before 
ke Diet at Worms, ^* Here I stand, I can do no other ; God help me !" 

Then, and not till then, will victory be truly gained and inscribed on 
he Evangelical banner, and the sentiments of the Psahnist, in Ps. Ixxxv., 
m realised by our beloved country and her Church. Then, and not till 
hen, will the now oft-heard feeble lamentation cease, " If the foundatibns 
M destroyed, what can the righteous do ? " Meanwhile, let every dumb 
Hid sleepy Protestant know that silence may be sin^ and slumber may 
dose in death. 

' FoK some time the Conncil have felt the claims of this beautiful and 
ittnctive watering place. It is the centre of Kitualism in some of its worst 
onus. Kepeatedly has the Bock called attention to the wretched state of 
he Churches ; and the Council a few months ago voted a sum of money for 
be purpose of holding Free Church services in Bournemouth, entrusting 
he arrangements to the President and Secretary of the Western District. 
We are glad to know that a movement is being made, and there is a 
Robability that a Free Church of England will be commenced. The 
Bournemouth Obaerver, the organ of the Kitualists, is wild and furious, 
nd in a long leader denounced the Free Church of England. They are 
ifidently alazmed at the thought of a Protestant Church of England. But 
be attack is doing good, and leading Churchmen to inquire into our 
vinciplea and organization. 

" ffe heing dead yet sptaketh" — Heb. xL 4. 

What a long, long time the first martyr had been dead when the Apostle 
PImI spoke thus about Him. How many generations had been gathered to their 
hfliers mnce He had '* witnessed a good confession." And yet, though so long 
dflid, he was living and speaking and influencing the conduct of men in Paul's' 
dty, as He is still in the present day, and will be for ever. 

How fxr back in the long-ago it seems since our English Protestant 

" Bravely dared to stem Satanic pride, and nobly die." 

^VlntdiaDges have taken place in our social habits and religious feelings since 
^Mirtime. How much of what they. did appears on the eve of annihilation. 
Bow much of what they gained — at cost of so much pain and blood — seems 
F*«8ing away from us. And yet, though the interval between their lives and 
^^ is 80 greats we still feel the influence of their example ; and are the better 


in a hundred ways for the fierr baptism by which they were admittod % 
** noble army of martyrs." They live — they speak ; though their bodie 
burned, and their caloned dost was given to the winds of heaven ; iba^ 
cannot now catch an echo of their grand brave voices. Being dead, thOT q 
not in the dialect of vocal sounds, nor yet in the modem spiritism oy 1 
rapping and slate- writing, but in the dialect of work that was nohty di 
the actions of a life spent for God — those deeds of good intent Yridd. 
after the man who does them has passed away. In tins language, Atx 
first martyr, still speaks to us ; and in this same language hundreds of 
meo, '* of whom the world was not worthy," lift up their voice in £ii 
testimony to the truth, and urge us to an unfidtering support of Ghiis 
His Grospel. 

Let us hear — and take heed how we hear — what our martyred fathers 
to say. Be brave in defence of the truth. This is one of the first things our Ex 
martyrs have to tell us, and it comes to us with the greater force becw 
the undaunted courage of the men wlio bid us be bold in defending the 
They were heroes, indeed. The charge of the JJght Brigade at Bala 
when, while 

<* Cannon to left of them. 

Cannon to right of them. 

Cannon in front of them. 
Volleyed and thundered,'* 

the six hundred guards rushed in their assault on the enemy's positioi 
the very "jaws of death," we justly regard as one of the bravest deedi 
record^ in martial histoir. But much more brave — possessed of far g 
heroism — ^were the men wno opposed themselves to the errors of the CI 
of Bome ; stood unflinchingly by their purpose of promoting reformatio! 
in consequence met with persecution, and at length with a terrible and lin^ 
death. To stand face to face with an enemy, amid the excitement < 
battle-field, doubtless requires courage, but to stand before " governor 
kings for Christ's sake and the Gospel," — to be brought again and 
b^ore cruel-hearted and ill-mannered judges, only, after one-sided examii 
and insult, to be remanded to a dark, damp cell, and severest espionag 
torture — and, finally, after months of suffering, to be roasted at the sta 
cut to pieces in an infernal machine — and yet never once to deny the 
never once to falter ; never once to desire IHe so strongly as to retract a i 
good confession in order to secure it ; this is to exhibit a courage such 
soldier in the service of any earthly prince has ever shown. 

O, there were giants in bravery in those days of martyrdom ! Wha 
courage was that expressed by Thomas Bilney on the night befa 
execution ! Some one present remarked upon the great^heat his body 
have to endure on the morrow. "Ah," replied the martyr, advandi 
hand to the candle until his finger touched the flame, '* I feel by expei 
and have known it long by philosophy, that fire, by God's ordinas 
naturally hot ; but yet I am persuaded by God's holy word, and by tl 
perience of some spoken in the same, that in the flame they felt no hea 
m the fire they felt no consumption. And I constantly believe, howev 
stubble of my body shall be wasted by it, yet my soul and spirit sh 
purged thereby. A pain for the time, whereon foUoweth joy unspeak 
How bravely Anne Askew stood her ground, in telling the Lord Chan 
who threatened her with the martyr's usual death, that she would " rati 
than break her faith ; " then in the prospect of such pain as might well ui 
the stoutest heart, and cause the purposes of the firmest of men to falter 
ning a noble confession of her Scriptural faith, thus signing it : " Writ! 
me, Aipe Askew, that neither wisheth death nor feareth his might, a 
merry as one that is bound towards heaven." We are not surprised 
this, to learn that when at the stake she was oflered the king's pardon 


vould recant, she averted her eyes from the tempting docmnent, and nohly 
told those who held it hefore her, that she had not come thither to deny her 
Iicad and Master. And how heroically Bishop Hooper carried himself through 
file long period of suffering he was called to endure. He never once murmured ; 
SMTer resisted ; never turned aside from the truth. To the last he was gentle 
wod brave. " Gome, brother Bogers," said he to a fellow-prisoner for con- 
floknce sake, " we two must take this matter first in hand, and begin to fry 
ISbfise feiggots ; " and then he walked to the place of torture with a heart that 
jotrrer foiled. Sir Anthony Kingston was appointed to superintend his 
oiecation, and addressed hini the night before thus — perhaps with a kindly 
desire to save him from a fearfal death : *' I am sorry to see yon in this case, for 
as I understand, you be come hither to die. But alas ! consider that life is 
sweet, and death is bitter. Therefore, seeing life may be had, desire to live, for 
^fife hereafter may do good." The bishop beautifully answered : *' Indeed it is 
ine, Master Kingston, I am come hither to end this life, and to suffer death 
hetBy because I will not gainsay the former truth that I have heretofore taught 
amongst you in this diocese and elsewhere, and I thank you for your friendly 
ooTmsel, although it is not so friendly as I could have wished it. True it is. 
Master Kingston, that death is bitter, and life is sweet ; but alas ! consider that 
fhe death to come is more bitter, and the life to come is more sweet. There- 
fore, for the desire and love I have to the one, and the terror and fear of the 
other, I do not so much regret this death, nor esteem this life, but have 
wtfled myself, through the strength of God's holy Spirit, patiently to pass 
ftroagh the torments and extremities of the fire now prepared for me, rather 
tiua to deny the truth of His Word." 

At the stake, as in Anne Askew's case, and in many other instances, the 
nyal pardon was offered as an inducement to recant ; but the martyr only 
fined out when he saw it : " If you love my soul, away with it ; away with it." 
• Hot once during the three-quarters of an hour in which his body was being 
oonsiuned did he ask for a reprieve or express regret at the course he had taken. 
**Pttt on more fire," was all he asked, as the green wood burnt slowly beneath 
Mm; "put on more fire;"* and when fresh fuel was added to the flames, 
lie prayed and bent his breast, till both his arms dropped from off him, and 
Qoly ms black swollen lips were seen moving in earnest addresses to his God. 
These were some of the noble deeds of the men who speak to us to-day ; 
tod the message borne dowii from them to us, on the wings of three centuries, 
k this : ** Watch ye ; standfast in the faith ; quit you like men ; be strong ! " 
Beceive the truth which alone can make you free, and love and defend it, if 
seed be, with your blood. " Fight the good fight of faith ; " and be, " For 
Christ and His Gospel," your dauy battie-cry ! 

The truth requires defendmg. We are again threatened with a bondage 

. Bke that from which our fathers delivered us. Within the very church which 

Cwnmer, and Eidley, and Latimer, and Hooper laboured to make free, men 

He to-day seeking to force upon the conscience the fetters of Homan superstition 

Jdhlasphemy. The Reformers are spoken of as " unredeemed viUians ; " 

notestantism is called '' that cold, miserable, unloving, im-Christlike, godless 

agmaat" — " the demon who has already degraded the Church's doctrine and 

pBctice to the vulgar level of tlie sects ; " and that the spiritual worship which 

V BO acceptable to God, is being exchanged for the sensuous services and 

^togeroos deceits of the Man of Sin." The truth needs defending; for 

[ Ijuiother gospeJ," which after all is no gospel, is being taught in our churches. 

\ ^^^^ needs bravely defending. The opposition to it is so great, and comes 

f nom Buch fashionable quarters, that all who would do battle on its behalf 

j awurt be prepared to suffer loss. To dare to express a belief which does not 

' 2!f^y ^ ^^ ^® Anglo-Catholic parson's sacerdotal pretensions— to stand 

finnly against the current of erroneous yet popular religiousness — means, in 

I JjJ* ft few cases, a decreasing business, loss of social position, the renewal of 

^ peace which belongs to obscurity. The truth needs defending, bravely 


defofidiug ; not with even a show of half-heartedness, but with a man's 

Wliat answer shitll we make to the dead who thus speak to us? Th 
us be brave. \V<^ will be brave ! Daring nobly to do the right, and will 
die in defence of the right, if our deatli bo required ! Ye warriors in the 
martyr band I Ye blessed wearers of the martyr's crown I We see your w< 
and bodies chained and bleeding ; wo hour tlie cries of agony from yon 
and trembling lips by torture, imprisonment and death — and we look and 
with bowed heads and throbbing heart, and cheeks that burn with shame, 
seize your fallen mantles, oh ye prophets of tlie Truth, and ^vith thei 
about us, and the sword by whieli ye fought so well, grasped firmly in 
we go forth to do our work of witnessing and fight your battles o'er i 
" Be brave," ye say ! We will be brave I Ye bid us "Hold the fort ; " we ai 
" By God's grace we will I " 

So, oh ye speaking dead, shall your message not be in vain ! 

A Tale of the Lollards. 


Chapter IX. — The Examination. 

During the few days that had elapsed since the opening of our tali 
monks had been busy enough. The search for the Lollards, it is tru( 
not been altogether so successful as they had expected, and very few 
had been unearthed. But after all there was a goodly ** presentmen 
read to my Lord Bishop, who was coming over from Winchester. G 
Wright was safe in the cell beneath the tower, Mistress Alice had been 
to appear, Simon the smith had been put under watchful eyes, and Jo 
Brenton, the tailor, had only last night been caught reading a New 'i 
ment as he sat mending an old doublet, little thinking as he road a 
between his stitching, that prying eyes were looking through the era 
the shutter ! Poor John was a timid man, meaning to do good and wi 
to act as a Christian should act, but sadly weak in the flesh, and whe 
constable hurried him off to Greyleye, and he stood before Prior John 
felt his stem look upon him, his courage failed, and he made a 
confession of his heresy— gave up the New Testament on bended k 
and received promise of absolution, on condition of doing penance o 

Gilbert was kept in close prison, and although the prior had visitec 
and used persnasion and threats to induce him to confess heresy, a: 
give information about the Gospel book, he had remained iirm. I 
(Questions, too, had been answered by Gilbert in a manner that 
exasperated the prior. It was evident that ignor-mt as Ihj might be t 
the theology of the schools, he was wise in the simple truths of the Gc 
and this was enough for Prior John to act him down as a dangeroui 
incorrigible heretic. The great desire of the monks was for a recanta 
It was a real triumph to priestcraft when a Gospeller recanted — dec 
himself convinced of his error, and threw with his own hand the IMble 
the flames ; but it was a very doubtful gain to the Church, when faith i 
even the test of the fire. All, therefore, that persuasion, and threatei 
and worrying, and arguing could do, was done, to wear out the spirit 
bring the heretic on his knees. Too frequently this badgering succe 
— especially when backed up with threats of the tar barrel and the fla 
Hundreds recanted— did miserable penance, received absolution, and 


back into society with the sting of apostacy, and recanting their recantation 
bitterly in their hearts. 

Ah ! and let ns be gentle with them, for many of them were forgiven by 
Eliqi, and became His true followers after all. There have ever been 
OLore Peters than Pauls in the world, and some of our bravest martyrs were 
lorely tried, and their courage and faith wavered often amidst the cruel 
lenors of priestly persecution. 

Nature will prevail sometimes. It was so with Gilbert Wright.. In 
bat lonely cell, with its dim light and bare walls, the mind was thrown 
Ack to feed upon itself in a mood of dulness and depression. He thought 
f the life and joy he had to sacrifice. He thought of Alice, and her 
ri^ht smile haunted him in his solitude, and made him yearn for her 
Pireet presence. Life seemed so dreary and so sad, that even the thought 
F lier, now that hope had well nigh fled, brought not the joy that before 
: liad never failed to do. Indeed it was his deep love for Alice that made 
Lb cross almost too heavy for his faith to bear, and the fiercest battle that 
is heroism had to fight was the strong temptation of his heart's affec- 
Lon to forsake his Saviour for the idol of his love. 

And yet he conquered. Not in the power of his own might, but rather 
ecause he trusted not to it, but to the sustaining power of the Divine 

And so when at day-break on the morning before the Feast of St. Editha, 
lie lay brother who attended upon Gilbert in his cell told him that he 
I'ould have at "tertia," or nine o'clock, to appear before the Bishop, Gilbert 
(elt no fear, but with his uplifted prayer for help, received all that he needed 
ior the coming trial of his faith. 

Oreyleye Priory that morning was in a state of solemn excitement, for 
my Lord Bishop of Winchester had come to examine charges of heresy, and 
to suppress by his admonitions any further disaffection to Holy Church. The 
great refectory had been arranged for the occasion, and the whole house put 
into severe order, as became the strict rule of the monks. 
. The bishop, who was received with obsequious reverence by Prior John 
and the monks, was a fine aristocratic-looking man, with a face which neither 
cue or asceticism had robbed of its natural advantages. His eyes, keen and 
Penetrating, could yet twinkle with humour, and a courteous smile would 
sometimes play around his mouth. His voice was gentle and persuasive, and 
^ manner kind and paternal. Henry Bolinbrooke, Bishop of Winchester, 
was nevertheless a hot-headed papist, and worked with Arundel, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, and Clifford, Bishop of London, in a zealous persecution of 
the Lollards. His natural suavity of manner was his strength, and if 
^nindel gloried in having burned more heretics than any ecclesiastic of his 
^7, Bolinbrooke could boast of having led still more to recant by his crafty 
jood nature. 

As soon as seated, the bishop called for the depositions. 

"Let us lose no time," said he, '^ but inform me what disaffection thou 
^ foand in Studmore." 

**May it please your lord's grace to listen to the presentment of the 
l^est ? '' inquired Prior John, bowing lowly. 

''Bead it, and then to business," said the bishop. 

^or John handed a paper to brother Stephen, who acted as clerk, and 
>widiiig up, read the following : — 

Presentment of the Quest, 

**Item. We do find that one Simon Balffe uses opprobious words, sings seditious 
"•^Jj^, and leameth to read. 

*|Item. We find that on the Saturday after Ash Wednesday was seen in the house 
pi«cfaard Kempe, a brass pot over the fire, with a piece of bacon and oatmeal seething 
^ it, and tUat he doth not observe holy days, and holdeth conference with Lollards. 


•< Item. Wc find that Gilbert Wright liatli n book of Master Wjcldk% nd 
rcfiisoth to give up the same, and is suspect of heresy. 

" Item. Wo find that Mistress Alice Chatfield, ncice to Master Barton, ii of 
LoUnrd sect, and hideth a New Testaiiieut, and can read English. 

** Item. We find that of John Hrenton, the tailor, is one of the LollanU, imd iMtt 
a New Testament, which he bought for four nuirks and forty penco, and Iwth tiBgkt 
from the same naughty book." 

** A heavy bill, Sir Prior,'* said the Bishop ; " and betokening Ux vigQ* 
ance, methinks." 

*' fleresy groweth apace, my h>r(l," replied the prior, apologetically. 

^^ We must use strong measures, then, and burn some of these Ldln 
knaves by \7ay of warning.'" 

*' Wisely said, my lord," said the gloomy monk ; " mercy is out of plw 
with these troublers of our peace. Wo have, I fear, an obdunite and sedi- 
tious fellow in this Gilbert Wright." 

** Yet I hear," said the bishop, " that he is held in worshipful respeet ia 
Studmore. Bring him forth that I may question him. ' 

The lay brother, having received his orders, proceeded to the cell, wd 
unlocking the heavy door, beckoned Gilbert to follow him. When in the 
corridor, he touched Gilbert on the shoulder, and whispered — 

"Now, Master Wright, be not wilful, but confess thy fault, andgi?eiip 
the book." 

Gilbert shook his head. 

** Tis thine only chance," urged the brother, adding with a jeer : ** Why 
bum, when thou canst marry and live ? " 

"Away ! '' cried Gilbert, "and tempt me not.*' 

With a shrug of the shoulder the lay brother led the way to the refectory. 
The room had now been cleared of all except the bishop, the Abbot of 
Andover — a quiet, dull-looking ascetic, — Prior John, and 6>tephen the 
Monk. Directly Gilbert entered, the bishop smiled upon him blandly, ttd 
said, in a tone almost tender and compassionate — 

" Son, I trust thou art in a better frame of mind." 

" Yea, thanks be to Christ's grace,'' answered Gilbert. 

" Good,'' said the bishop, with another sweet smile, "we should hsTV 
sorrowed if thou, of all others, had remained obstinate in thine error. '' 

"Mine errors have been grievous," replied Gilbert; "but by Godli 
mercy, I am pardoned. " 

" Not so fast, good son — not so fast," said the bishop. " Thou mBBt 
first show by duo penance thy fault, and receive from Holy Church abso- 

" Reverend Father, Christ hath assured mo of that.'* 

" What meaneth thou, Gilbert ? " exclaimed the bishoj). " This babWe 
soundeth like LoUardy."' 

" Not LoUardy, my lord, but Gospel Truth ; for the words of Christ, «« 
writ by blessed .lohn, are : * He that belie veth My Word hath everiasting 

" Ah ! I perceive where thou art now ! ' exclaimed the bishop. " Haw* 
care lest the devil blind thee ! " 

"Told I not your lordship," said Prior John, leaning across the taWoi 
" how his heart is indurate. Question him closely upon his Lollardism.*' 

" 1 find it in the deposition, " said the bishop, turning to Gilbert, "thi* 
thou hast a vile book of Wycliffe's in hiding. Where is it ? " 

" I have it not," said Gilbert. 

"It was seen in thine hand. Thou knowest full well that the £inS' 
grace hath prohibited these baleful writingH." 

" I have given them Thy Word," slowly repeated the Gospeller, io • 
quiet and absent tone, " and the world hath hated them." 

" Cease thy babblings of Scripture," exclaimed the bishop, impfttienil^ 

*'Lo, Sir,*' said the prior, taming to the bishop, ^'this is ever the 
mer of these lossels ; they pick out sharp sentences of Scripture to warrant 
tir free use of the Grospel." 

"Gilbert ! Gilbert!" exclaimed the bii^hop, in an angry tone. "I see 
k€ hast been travelling with the devil, and art fast in his bonds." 
*' No,t so, my lord," replied Gilbert ; " but rather in the joysome liberty 
Dhcist, for fie died to make me free." 

** But not free to read the Bible, though. Thou hast no right to read 
5 Book save by the aid of Holy Church," said the bishop. 
« Yet I read," said Gilbert, " that Christ said, ' Ye shaU know the Truth, 
i the Truth shall make you free. ' " 
"Proud presumptunusness,'' exclaimed the bishop. 
**Te8t him, ray lord, test him," whispered Prior John. " Inquire of him 
to his LoUardry." 

The great fandamental truth, which was the pivot, as it were, upon 
ich tamed the whole course of the English Beformation even from its 
liest day, was not so much the right to read the Bible as that the Sacra- 
ntal Elements in the Lord s Supper continued after consecration to be 
t bread and wine. This great Evangelical truth struck at the very root of 
erdotal power. This was the subject of the controversial battle of 
> Reformation. Sacerdotalism had built up the fable that the bread and 
le, after the priestly consecration, became the very body and blood that was 
iciiied on Calvary. The monks bolstered up the fable by stories of bleed- 
; wafers, and coupled it with the miracle of Bolsena, which was com- 
morated by the great festival of Corpus Christi, and immortalized in the 
SCO of Kaphssl. It was against this stupendous imposition of priestcraft 
^t the earliest Reformers contended. It was for this that Sautre, the first 
rtyr, died, it was for this that Chatres, and Thorpe, and Badby, and 
rd Cobham, and a host of others, went bravely to the stake ; and this 
sstion became the natural and almost universal test-question for the dis- 
'ery of Lollard ism. 

** Ah ! answer me truly,'' said the bishop. " WTiat sayest thou, Gilbert ; 
it thou believe that after the consecration of the Sacrament, there re- 
ineth the substance of bread or not ? " 

I never bn^iied myself, reverend father, in this matter ; more fit is it 
the sophistry of the schools. I follow Christ's Word." 
"Nay, nay ! thou escape not so," exclaimed Prior John ; " test him, my 
d, test him. " 

" Sir," said the bishop, angrily, " have a care, for by St. Thomas I will 
re an answer." 

"Pat it plainly to him, my lord," urged the prior ; "oppose you him on 
B point, that we may hear from his own mouth." 

^'Believest thou," sternly demanded the bishop, " that the sacramental 
iad of the altar is Christ's body after the consecration ?" 
*'Kay, I cannot so believe ; for if every piece of sacramental bread were 
body of Christ, there would be an infinite number of Christs, because a 
^ffouoidi priests or more make a thousand such Christs daily. I can only 
fship one Christ, and no bread-Christs." 

A sardonic smile passed over the gloomy face of the prior, whilst the 
bop, striking his hand violently on the table, exclaimed : — 
*^ By Jesus ! but if thou leave not such evil errors, I'll send thee to the 

"This oometh of reading Wyclifie's writings," added the monk Stephen ; 

3ieel down, loller ! and pray our reverend father's grace." 

But Gilbert was silent, yet with uplifted eyes sought the help of Him who 

eth strength to the weak. Exasperated with this patient firmness, the 

nk, in a still more angry tone, exclaimed : — 

^Bobmit tiiyself to Holy Church ; confess thy error and thy sorrow." 

By the Editob. 



** Nay. reverend Sir, I sorrow not, for Christ hath given me joy*" M^ 

" By St. Thomas," exclaimed the bishop, " I'll tnm thy joy into lonof." Hi 
*' As I told thee, my lord, he is indurate, and doeth groat spite to BAf |i 

Church b^ spreading these heresies.*' 1^ 

'^ I pnthee no,'' said Gilbert ; " my heart chideth me in this mate iU |i 

I have not made known Christ's words." 

' ' Thou hast, and joyed greatly in spreading thy Lollard errors," ezdaiofli |i 

the prior. "Why, thy cursed sect is ever busy sowing popple among tta 

wheat." Ml 

The prior whispered to the bishop, and then gave a sign to monk Stepheii |^ 

who left the room. 

" I wot well, lollar, thy evil work at Master Barton's," said the pDRj 

addressing Gilbert ; " Mistress Alice Chatfield had not been on the pieMBt^ 

ment but for thine evil teaching.'* 

" Alice ! exclaimed Gilbert, in alarm ; " thou surely hast not ^" 

At this moment the door opened, and Alice Chatfield, pale and trembiiBg^ 

was led into the room by Anthony Barton. 

{To he Continued.) 


The other day, walking along the pretty country road that leads to tho 
town near which I reside, I saw two lads meet each other just ahead of me. 

" I say, Charley," said one, " which way are you going 1" 

Ah ! tiiat's it. " Which way are you going ?" A very important queitioB 
indeed. I suppose all of us at some time or other in our lives have oeenis 
that very foolisii position of not knowing which way we were going. Theie^B 
such a slap-dash, helter-skelter habit with some of us, especially in oar 
boyish days, that we need sometimes to be brought up sharp with thii 
question : ** I say, which way are you going ?" 

Some years ago, I was in a country thousands of miles away — a oountay 
the other side of this round world — so that as you stand on English soil it 
is just opposite to the soles of your feet, and which is why, as some of you 
who learn Latin will know, it is called the Antipodes. 

Well, in this far distajit land I started one day on' a long walk for * 
small settlement some miles from the city. The country was wild bosh an^ 
forest land, and no regular road or path led through it. I was told* 
however, that the way was easy enough if I kept due north, and looked oUt 
for the notched trees — that is, trees from which great patches of bark bft^ 
been stripped, and which are readily found by those who are aocustom^^ 
to look out for such signs. For a time I got on pretty well, but by and W 
became sorely puzzled and my heart leaped for joy when I met a solitil^ 
wood splitter. 

*' I say, mate," I inquired, " am I going right for Karra-burra ?" 

*' All right," said he, ** leave that big gum tree on your left and ke^P 
ahead until you come a wee lagoon, then bear to your right.*' . 

So on I went, merrily enough for a time, listening to the strange notes ^^ 
the birds that broke the grand silence of the forest and scrub. I a^^ 
passionately fond of flowers and insects, and I could not help stopping evesr^ 
now and then to pluck or examine them. My curiosity led me into troabL^^ 
for I forgot to keep a sharp look out for the signals, and at last came da^^ 
against a matted cluster of trees, that made me look around. I hoped ^^'Z, 
I had recovered the track as I again went on, but I was miataken, aodg^ 


re confased than ever. I endeavoured to retrace my steps, but failed, 
I was in a maze worse by far than the maze at Hampton Court, and I 
m, became nervous and alarmed. To add to my growing dismay the 
tides of night came suddenly upon me, for in that country there is scarcely 
f twilight. 

JuBt imagine, my dear young friends, what a pickle I was in ! You will 
r, perhaps, I was a coward to be frightened. Perhaps I was, but don't 
D think if you had heard as much about ^^bushrangers" and '^stickers 
^* as I had done, you would have been frightened too ? I know you are 
ry brave, my young friends, but I do think you would have been a little 

Well, there was no doubt about it. I had lost my way, and if any 
e bad put the question to me: "I say, which way are you going?" 
couldn't have told them. I could just see a way through the great 
368, and that was all. It was no use standing still ; so on I went, with 
Lcertain step and trembling heart. I don't know that I ever felt so lonely 
my life as I did amidst this strange and gloomy wild. How rejoiced I 
18, after groping about for a long time, to at last espy the flicker of a 
stant light ! Slowly I approached it. I knew not what it was. It might 

a camp of natives, or bush prowlers, for what I knew, so I stepped very 
utiously. All at once I heard the loud, fierce bark of a dog. Here was a 
w danger, for the native dogs I knew were ugly customers to meet in the dark, 
it when we have lost our way we must expect dangers . and perplexities, 
I made up my mind to risk it, and got nearer and nearer to the light. 
1 ! how rejoiced I was when I heard the chink of a chain, for then I knew 
at the brute, whose fierce bark was something terrible to hear, was fastened 
). Now don't laugh boys, but my courage after that revived immensely, 
id I actuaUy went up to the hut with a merry careless whistle, as if I 
dn't care a bit — wasn't at all frightened, and was quite an old hand at this 
Ft of thing. 

A man in a Panama hat, and a blue jumper came to the door of the hut, 
id casting upon me the light of a lantern, gruffly shouted — 

"Holloa! what's up?" 

" Nothing much," said I, " only I have lost my way." 

"Ah !" said he, "you didn't follow the trees, the way's easy enough if 
>u'd only mind." 

I now found that he was the woodsplitter that I had met in the morning, 
d that after my long and wearisome ramble I had come back very near to 
lere I had first met with him. I was not far from home after all, and oh ! 
^ thankful I was when once more snugly there, although I had not seen 

Kow my dear young friends, we are all apt to lose our road sometimes, 
'Ccially when we don't heed the marks and signs by the way. We require 
^e very wide awake, and to keep a sharp look out for the barked trees, or 
) in this wilderness of the world we shall fall into terrible scrapes. Many, 
y many of my young readers are I trust in the right way, and if they 
■© addressed with — 
* * I say, which way are you going ? " 
J Id be able promptly and joyfully to answer — 

" I*m a pUgrim bound for glory, 
I'm a pilgrim going home." 

^&appy, happy, if it is so. And what a glad thought it is for my young 
^^stian friends, that whether in the sunny glorious days, when the heart 
&>« and the feet can scarcely keep from dancing, or in those nights of gloom 
^ darkness, when the lurid flashes of the angry lightning follow the 
^Ynn thunder, to think that you have ever a companion and a guide ; 
^ Jesoi gently leads the way. And it is so, for although you cannot see 

112 DK. obeg:; on tiif. uiusdale case. 

Jesus with your bodily eyes, you can with the eyes of faith. The body d 
Jesus, you know, is in glory with the Father, and so it cannot be in heam 
and on earth at the same time, but the Spirit of Christ is ever with the yomi 
Christian, and He having in the body gone the same rough pilp^image of fill 
that you are going — having travelled the same rugged way— climbed the nae 
steep hills, and waded through the same dismal swamps that beset the pith 
of all — has left us in the Gospel narrative the footprints of His example to 
guide us in the right way. 

Sicrr:t '^tom UTrssiou. 

Our readers are doubtless sufficiently informed as to the objects and 
operations of the work cariiod on in Sierra Leone, which originated in the 
missionary zeal of the late Countess of Huntingdon, and which has ben 
continued by Native agency for some ninety years. During the last hiH- 
century, at long intervals, some of these African brethren have Tinted 
England, and have invariably been kindly received and warml}- welcomed 
by the Ministers and congregations associated with the Connexion, and bj 
other Christian Congregations. Mr. Samuel Williams, a native of Sient 
Jjeone, who has for some years acted as Correspondent and Superintendest 
in the Colony, is shortly expected on a visit to this country. His intelligenoe 
and ability will, we doubt not, commend themselves, and will secure for him- 
self and the work in which he is engaged the sympathy of the friends in 
England. We should be glad for him to visit, as far as possible, the 
jjriucipal congregations who have been kind and liberal supporters of the 
Mission work, in order to personal testimony as to its operations, together 
with others who may wish to take an interest in the work ; but as his stay 
will bo limited to a feu* weeks, the number and extent of his visits must be 
controlled by the promptness with which the arrangements can be made. 

During his sta}'' in England he will be entirely under the care and chsi;ge 
of the Rev. .1. Trotter, Wheelton, Chorley, Lancashire, who has three times 
visited the Colony, and has for so many years acted as the European 
Superintendent, and w1j«) will be happy to receive applications, and toniake" 
arrangements for Mr. Williams' visits, and will, when practicable, accompany 
him. To prevent disappointment, it is particularly desirable (indeed, neces- 
sary) that Mr. Trotter be immediately communicated with. 

a3^ 6ngg 0n: ij^c §liirsb:ilc Case. 

The Rev. Dr. Gregg, Vicar of East Harborne, having announced daring 
the course of his sermon on Sunday morning, May 13th, that he woald in 
the evening make some reference to the decision of the Judicial Conunittee 
of the Piivy Council in the Ridsdale case, and it liaving been genersUy 
anticipated that the occasion would elicit from the doctor the course be 
would take in consequence, a large congregation assembled. The Doctor 
chose for his text the 18th verse of the ICth chapter of Matthew : " UjKW* 
this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail 
against it." Having dwelt at some length upon the sacrament, he explain^ 
that tlie decision in the Ridsdale case was in favour of the adoption of tbe 
eastward position. " If over," he said, " they went into any church *D» 
saw the minister standing at the communion table consecrating the elemeo^ 
with his back to the people, they would know that it involved tbe nnbbodjT 
sacrifice of the altar ; it involved an earthly priest coming between the KBOf^ 
and God, and it involved the adoration of Christ present under the form ot 
bread and wine. He asked were not these principles whioh Latiowft 
Cranmcr, Ridley, and a host of other martyrs, protested against with thi^ 
lives. He had a very deep and sincere affection for the beloved Choio'^ 

THE editor's table. 113 

Sn^and. How could he help loving it when his father had 
m a clergyman in it for about half a century ? two of his uncles, 
ee nephews, and a brother-in-law were also amongst its ministers. 
w» bom in it, he was confirmed in it, he was brought up in it, and. 
loved it. He was a Churchman by birth, by choice, and by con- 
tion, but sacerdotalism be abhorred, and he would say to all who truly 
ed tiie Church of England that they must set their faces like flints against 
r atoning sacrifices except that of Cavalry. The great point in the 
Isdale case was the Eastward position, and this position allowed to the 
ebrant in the Kidsdale case was the exponent of the doctrine permitted by 
> Bennett judgment. He knew this — that the Ridsdale decision has sent a 
ill through the Church of England such as had not been experienced for 
itories. They had asked him what he was going to do. He felt deeply 
tefiil for their interest in his welfare, but was there not a more important 
Man ? He asked them as the laity of the Church what they were going to 

This week a letter, now in the press, would be sent by him to the 
mbers of his congregation, and would show what step he should take. 

bad for them, his dear friends, only one desire, the welfare of their 
nortal souls. He would ask them to reserve their opinion as to his course 
iction until they had carefully read his letter. He felt sure they would 
e him credit for this, that what conclusion he had arrived at had caused 
1 great searchings of heart, and he was fully persuaded in his own mind, 
I he had the courage to act up to the convictions that he held. He valued 
iearly as ever the beloved Church of England in which he had ministered 
some fourteen years, and ho could only now say that he feared the 
se of Evangelical truth, nay, the very stability of the Church of England 
If, would be injured and imperilled by the decision in this cise." — 
mitighajH Daily Gazette, May 14th. 

^\t €inifsx'^ ^-Mt. 

ilance of Six Lectures delivered in Emmanuel Free Church of Engla)\d, 
Putney, during Lent, by Rev, H. 0. Meyers^ on Bore's Celebrated Pictures, 
Price One Shilling. Franks, High-street, Putney. 

^L who appreciate higher art should see Dort^'s pictures, but before 
ig so, let them read these lectures ; brief as they are, they will materially 
) to a more profitable examination of these beautiful productions of the 


Mr. Meyers' remarks are very suggestive. They do not profess to be an 
aastive or elaborate critique upon Dora's works, but are put forth rather 
iketcbes or outlines, which, by the way, those adept at word painting 
bt easily fill in and reproduce as good sermons. 

Pictures, or the use of pictures, as accessories to worship, have been justly 
demned by the Protestant Church as dangerous. Experience has shown 
: such direct appeals to the senses have often fascinated the emotions, and 
lulated a spurious and sensuous worship, very much akin to idolatry. 
re is always a danger of this, and had Dor^ lived two centuries ago, his 
nres would probably have shared the fate of these glorious artistic pro- 
^ns which fed the bonfires of the Puritans. The Rev. Mr. Meyers is 
T alive to this possible mischief, and gives a word of caution. *^ While I 
ire," he writes, '* these pictures with all due appreciation of that which 
imutiful, still, as a Christiany with the most profound reverence for Divine 
Rs, I feel that anything which professes to be a representation of God, 
%ii8t, or of the Holy Spirit, is injoi according to the mind of God, bat ia 
tlmptive and profane. So that, while I may speak somewhat enthu- 
ic^^ of these productions of Dor^*s, I must be understood to do so with 
^ reservation. 


Especially interesting are the remarks on Dor^s picture, *' The Dream of 
Pilate's Wife/' a picture in which the artist has given foil scope to hit han. 
Our author says : — '^ As Pilate's wife descends the staircase, yon see herid- 
yancing before you. Her face is very beautiful and anxious. She is dn^ 
in blue. She is accompaaied by an angel on the wing, who is whispering ii 
her ear, and conducting her on her dreamy way ; a light emanates from ibe 
angel, and, falling full in her face, dazzles her, so tlukt with one hand ihe 
shades her eyes from the blinding effect of the angelic splendour. The angd 
is pointing to Oue who stands before her — thai just Man — crowned w^ 
thorns, and is telling her the story of the Cross." 

" In this picture Dore has given as the ' Dream of Pilate's Wife ' a histoij 
of the Christian Church, its tnals and triumphs, to the end, in one confowd 
mass of conflicting elements. In the foreground is portrayed some of the nioifc 
conspicuoub characters in the history of the Church. There is St. AmbroMi 
St. Athanasius, St. Constantine, the first Emperor of Rome who embnoed 
Christianity, and whose eye is fixed on the vision of the Cross ; Charlemagne^ 
Godfrey de Bouillon, St. Louis, &c." 

Ought Protestant Christiana to circulate Romish Versions of the Word of Ood, dj 
the Rev. B. Grant, B.A. 8vo. cloth. London : Trinitarian Bible Society, 1877. 

" In general/' said Macanlay, " prize sheep are good for nothing but to make taUov 
candles, and prize essays arc good for nothing hat to light them." The book befise 
us is certainly an exception to this doctrine, and is a valuable essay upon a sdijeet 
that has created much anxiety among the lovers of the pure Word of GKkL The 
circulation of Komish versions of the Scriptures by the British and Foreign Bible 
Society has naturally aroused the fears of some of the warm supporters of this nobb 
institution, and the subject has led to much controversy and correspondence. Tbe 
Society maintained that the versions circulated by them in Roman Catholic oonntriei 
were not Romish, though made by Roman Catholics; that they were honest, good, and 
sound translations, and that the Society was enabled to circulate these where tnmsli- 
tions made by Protestants would be utterly inadmissible. Mr. Grant has c&refollj 
gone into the whole question, and shows, we think, beyond dispute that RomaniBO 
does find considerable support in the versions circulated by the Society. 

Sequel to the Church of the Period, toith tJie AuiJior's reasons for leaving the Chtatek 
of England, By the Rev. John Ashley, LL.D. London: W. H. Gneefcf 
29, Paternoster Row. 1876. 

This is a pamphlet of true Protestant stuff, written in a very spirited style. R 
contains a series of letters by the author, published in the Christian Standard undfif 
the signature " A Wykehamist/' in which the Ritualistic conspiracy is exposed. We 
quote one or two passages. " It is not what the Church — the professing Church^ 
hath said; it is not what 'the Fathers' have said; but what 'hath God said?' 
On page 2: "What have we to do with the opinions of men of ages gone by? 
Wliat have we to do with the ambiguous expressions of men of former days, many <» 
them vacillating between light aud darkness, in Rubrics that have come down to ns* 
What concern have we with other ages, whether Mediaeval and dark, or comparatively 
enlightened ? We have the Bible, the charter of our salvation. This, and this alonft 
is to be our guide." These letters are followed by a sad statement of prescait 
prospects. " I have watched in vain through five years (the author continnes) fof 
any favourable sign. The superstition has assumed a more determined aspect, and if 
we are not willing to be carried away with it, I feel the time has arrived when we 
must come out and separate ourselves from the * accursed thing ' altogether." Then 
follows a serious charge against all the Bishops except the Bishop of Durham. ^ 
great bulk of the Evangelical clergy are gravely charged with want of f aithfulneee to 
their professed principles, and with hatred to Nonconformists, imbibed throng^ 
inhaling the atmosphere of Rome to be found in the ecclesiastical system aod 
unreviBed|Prayer-book. The practice of the Confessional is dealt with, and seems to 
be the last straw the worn-out camel falls under, for the author, who has for fi^ 
years ministered in the Establishment, concludes : '* From a Church that would aOo^ 
its introduction I fly — and must remain separate till she is wholly purged from ^ 


.tion, and is prepared to place Christianity, stripped of all those meritricious 
oments and adjuncts derived from theatres and concert-halls, in its simple form 
re the people of this land — with a Bevised Prayer-book — and wholly delivered, 
from those babyish bufiboneries which seem to have such fascination for a silly 
eiffiminate Priesthood." 

- - - 1 1 . 

riottings fxam am ^oh-^aak. 

Che Special Cohvcxsation of the Free Church of England convened on 

7 8 was not held, in consequence tof some doubt as to the legality of the 

Wb hear that the Rev. Dr. Gregg has been accepted by the General 
noil of the Reformed Episcopal Church, and that he will probably be 
secrated a Bishop. 

The Rev. Eustace E. Long, late of the Countess of Huntingdon's Chapel, 
t Grinstead, has accepted a most cordial and unanimous invitation to 
Mtorate at Oakbill, near Bath, and expects to enter on his duties in July. 
The Rev. W. Lane, nor the movement with which his name has been 
ciated, is in no way connected with the Free Church of England nor with 
Reformed Episcopal Church. He has unsuccessfully applied to the 
9r body for consecration. 

Thib Incumbency of the Free Church of England, New Maiden, is now 
mt by the resignation of the Rev. Mr. Dicksee. The proximity of the 
rch to the metropolis renders it important that new life and energy 
dd be infused into the work, and tlmt this little Church should be fully 
'esentative of the Free Church of England, to the principles of which 
"e is a strong attachment in New Maiden. 

The Rev. Dr. Gregg, Vicar of East Harbome, has now issued his address 
is parishioners, stating that he has now decided to secede, and in a post- 
jt, he adds : ** Since the foregoing was written, I have had the honour to 
ive (quite unexpectedly and altogether unsought by me) a * cordial and 
nimous invitation' to become the Incumbent of a church and congrega- 
, the members of which have recently in a body ceased to worship in the 
irch of England as by law established. That invitation I have cordially 
pted (subject to the termination of my ministry here). It is our intention 
uild, as soon as possible, a church where we shall have the privilege of 
g the old Liturgy, which all Church people love, but without the 
rdotalism which 4^ Evangelical Church people deplore." 

Che revival which we need is a revival of the religion which keeps Ood's 
mandments ; which tells the truth, and sticks to its promises ; which 

8 more for a good character than a fine coat ; which lives in the same 
ction that it prays ; which denies ungodly lusts, and which can be trusted 
^ery stress of temptation. A revival which will sweeten our homes and 
ten our Press and commerce from roguery and rottenness would be a boon 
I heaven. A revival which will bring not only a Bible-knowledge, but a 
e-conscience to all, is what the land is dying for. The world's sorest 
k, to-day, is more Christ-like men and women. The preaching it needs 
lore sermons in shoes. — Cuyler. 

Jktwbbn twenty and thirty years ago three little English boys were 
sing themselves one summer afternoon. Suddenly one of them looked 
e, and left off playing. **I have forgotten something," he said, *'I 
>t to say my prayers this morning ; you must wait for me." He went 
tly into a comer of the place they were in, knelt down, and reverently 
ated his morning prayer. Then he returned to the others, and was soon 
fily engaged in play again. This boy grew up to be a brave man, 
ttoted Captain Hammond. He was a faithful servant to his earthly 
•teign, but, better still, a good soldier of Jesua Chmt. 


[All eommnmcaiUons for this department must he send dWect to the EdUor^ Nm% 
Maiden^ S^Mrrey^ not l<Uer than the ISth of the month,"] 

BATH. — Countess of Huntingdon's F&eb Chuboh. 

At the sixty-fourth Sunday-school anniyersary, held on Sunday, Mj^ IS 
sermons were preached by the Rev. W. E. Darby — the musical part of the sea 
vice being very effectively rendered by the children and young people of tba 
school. Collections were made after each service. 

BERMUDA. — St. Geokqb's Free Church of Bnoland. 

'^ Easter Day has a very special interest for our friends of theFnfl 
Church of England, since, in addition to the larger interest which that diu; 
possesses for all Christians, it is endeared to them as the anniversary of th»: 
Church. As last year, this double character of the day was observed. Us 
temporary place of worship was tastefully and appropriately decorated. Tta 
singing was very effective, and large congr^^tions assembled at both serfi<>^ 
— ^in the evening, indeed, the room was crowded. The Rev. R. A. Bilkes 
incumbent, preached, in the morning on the general, and in the evening o 
the local, significance of the occasion. The text in the morning was 1 Ch^^ 
XV. 19, 20 ; in the evening from 1 Samuel vii. 12. In connection with tbii 
the preacher took occasion to review the history of the Church during tfti 
past two years : he pointed to the many and continuous providences whio 
had attended it ; vindicated its position and mission ; called for the.expiai 
sion of devout gratitude, on account of the spiritual and material suooac 
which God had been pleased to vouchsafe ; and predicted for it a happy azK 
useful future, if its members remained faithful, not so much to party, as 'i 
their own religious instincts, and to Grod and His truth. The offertoiy*- 
which was given to the building fuud — amounted to JBll 6b. 5^.'' — BermiuM 

CARDIFF.— St. Paul's Free Church of England. 
<^We have now ready for publication, the balance-sheet of ourOhuro 
expenses and outlay from the month of AprU, 1876, up to the present tiiDM 
and from it we learn that our present liabilities, including building fon^ 
amount to .£673 Is. 2^. To get this sum reduced, if not entirely abolishe 
during the next twelve months, ought to be the earnest desire of all oc 
friends. As a ready means, by which all can help more or less, we ha^ 
adopted the system of quarterly cards, so that those who cannot put doW"- 
at once a large sum, may, by paying so much quarterly, very materullyaisi^ 
in reducing the debt. One of our friends has very kindly promised, as EOOf' 
as we can raise JglOO, that he will give a donation similar to that which 1> 
gave on a former occasion, and as that is very considerable, we trust o0 
friends will do all they can soon, so that this particular friend may not haV 
long to wait with his cheque." — St, FauVs Free Church Advocate, 

HOLLINWOOD. — St. James's Free Church of England. 
The Anniversary Services in aid of the Schools were held on SuiKbC 
April 29, when two sermons were preached by the Rev. T. WorralL la ^ 
afternoon an address to teachers and scholars was given by the Rev. J. ^ 
Williams. Collections were made in aid of the School funds. 

ILFRACOMBE. — Christ Church Free Church of England. 
"We understand," says the Ufracomhe Chronicle, "that comddenfr- 


al^^xations are contemplated to be made in this cburch, in order to provide 
n^itfk'ter comfort and convenience for the congregation, and also for visitors 
in jsa vumner. It is proposed to entirely re-pew the nave ; to widen the centre 
ai&l^, and add one or two side aisles ; to fill the recesses in the east end with 
th^ Ten Commandments, the Belief, and the Lord's Prayer, and the re- 
mmjLwider with Scriptural subjects ; to raise the communion floor a step ; to 
reiK^^)ve the pulpit and reading-desk from their present position to the com- 
mimai^on end of the church ; and ultimately, as the funds come in, to re- 
mo<5i.«l the exterior, and give it a more ecclesiastical appearance. Only a 
poic^sSxm of these alterations are at present in hand, and the funds for them 
naw^ ^^ bem provided by Hne congregation.'' 

[YT ^3 are glad to hear that some of these improvements are being vigorously 
<:r«rried out.— Ed. F.CE.M.] 

LITTLEHAMPTON.— Free Church op England. 

are glad to hear that an excellent site has been secured, and that the 
Corn Tnittee hope very shortly to begin building the permanent Church. 

LUDLOW. — Trinity Free Church op England. 

^IThe second social gathering of members and friends was held on Wed- 

neadaiy, April 25th, in the Templar Hall, which was tastefully decorated 

wittft. banners and flowers for the occasion, and a very pleasant and profitable 

evdxi.iiig was spent. The proceedings commenced with devotional exercise ; 

tit^ir which, the Bev. J. Benny gave a short address on ^' The Ecclesiastical 

PoBxtion and Principles of the Free Cburch of England." Later in the 

evdZiing he also gave a brief lecture on *^ The Early Life and Conversion of 

St. X^aul." An address was also delivered by Mr. G. Menhensoti, a member 

oiUie congregation. Tea and coffee, &c., were served, and the proceedings 

^i^'Uier enlivened by the singing of appropriate melodies, such as ^' Scatter 

See^ji of Kindness," and " Work for the Night is Coming," — ^Master A. M. 

J^^lie presiding at the harmonium. A collection was made at the close in 

^ of the funds of the Church. 

On Sunday evening, April 29th, the Incumbent preached specially to 
youx^r men, when the Church was well filled in every part with an attentive 
Md. apparently appreciative congregation. The text was : " Is the young 
^''^^sx Absalom safe ? " (2 Sam. xviii. 29) ; and the dangers to which young 
^"'^^ are specially exposed and the only means of safety were clearly pointed 
pot. Xhe Sunday-school in connection with the Church is steadily in- 

I9EW MALDEN. — Trinity Free Church of England. 

^Khe Rev. S. J. C. Dicksee has resigned the incumbency of this Church, 
*o^ almost without any notice of his intention preached his farewell sermon 
^I^J^nnday, May 13. Much surprise has been expressed at this hasty and 
mo^igic[erate action. 

OSWALDTWISTLE.— Holy Trinity Free Church op England. 

On Sunday, May 13th, three excellent sermons were preached in this 
2*«e of worship by the Rev. T. Worrall, of Everton, on behalf of the Day 
^^ Sunday-schools. The amount realized was the very handsome sum of 
7*^P 4«. 6Jd. Out of this sum JBIOS 13s. 8id. was contributed by the 
^l^^lien and scholars. The services were very cheerful, the congregations, 
^^Xoh were good, taking a lively interest in the responses, and the choir, as 
^''^'^l, ae^uitted themselves in a creditable manner, selecting such tunes as 
•^l^l^ibe joined in by the whole congregation. The young people take a 
^®*^jr deep and warm interest in their school, manifested not only by their 
^^teibiitions, but by their labours in painting the windows, cleaning the 
■"^octioom, Ac, &c. 


PUTNET. — EiTMAHUSL Free Chtthoh of Eira&AVD. 

The second Thtinday in May being the annivenuuy of the opening of ft» 
Chnrch, a commemoration Bervice was held in the evening, when the Ber. 
T. Dodd, of Worcester, preached an eloquent sermon on Acts xir. 7«- 
'* There they preached the Gospel." A collection was made in aid of the 
Building Fund with a view of extinguishing the debt on the Church. Hit 
offertory realized £2S ISs. 4d. , which leaves the Church free from inciim- 
brance. We congratulate the congregation and the Rev. H. O. Meyen on 
the year's results. Steady, persevering prayer and work have been bleaed 
abundantly. The attendance is regular and increasing, and no len a ram 
than £500 has been raised during the year. These are cheering evidences of 
life and vigour. 

SOUTHAMPTON.— St. John's Fkbb Chuech op England. 

The Building Committee having met, the Congregation have nnanimoiuly 
resolved to make an effort. to raise funds for building a SundayHMhool- 
They are anxious to commence this important work without delay, and tiiey 
have issued an appeal for subscriptions. The Sunday-school is increasing^* 
and the want of a schoolroom is felt more and more. We wish the promoter* 
of this good work every success. 

SPALDING. — St. John's Fkee Church of Enolajtd. 

The new organ for St. John's Free Church, now being bnilt by NohL^ 
of Birmingham, will (d.v.) be opened on the 29th inst. Arthur Thacke' 
Esq. , Organist of Thomey Abbey, will preside at the instrument, and ~ 
musical part of the service will be rendered by the church choir, assisted 
several members of the Peterborough Cathedral and Thomey Abbey choirs^ 
At a recent meeting of the congregation the yearly accounts were pn^ 
.sented ; and it is satisfactory to note that notwithstanding a slight fallixi^ 
off in the offertory during the last quarter, owing to the illness and enforce ^ 
absence of several members of the congregation, the financial position of tli^- 
church is as good as in former years. 

Tlie B/ev. P. X. Eldridge has announced his intention to conduct a seri^ 
of open air services in various parts of the town during the summer months 
and several other evangelistic agencies are being talked of. 


The anniversary of the Countess of Huntingdon's Chapel at Weston wa^ 
celebrated on the 6th and Tth May. Sermons were preached on Sunday 
in the morning by Mr. John Gray, and in the evening by the Rev. S. Naylo^ 
to good congregations. On Monday a tea meeting was held in the Schoo. — 
room, when a large number of friends, including many from Bath an — 
Twerton, were present. jcVfter tea a public meeting was held in the chap^ 
and the Rev. T. Wallace took the chair. Addresses were delivered d^ 
Messrs. Taylor, Palmer, Smith, J. Gray, and Angell, and it was announces 
that the Rev. W. E. Darby had resigned the oversight of this branch churdfc 
and that the Trustees had placed it in the hands of the present manager ^ 
who had unanimously requested Mr. Gray to undertake the superintenden«c2 
of affairs in the village. 

WORCESTER —Lady Huntingdon's Free Church. 
On Sunday, May 6, the anniversary services of the Sunday-schools ^• 
connection with the above church took place, when two appropriate sermMD 
were preached by the Rev. Thomas Dodd, the esteemed minister of fc»^ 
church. Special hymns were sung by the school children (who number over 
600), under the able leadership of Mr. Charles Jones, organist. The con- 
gregations, both morning and evening, were very large, and the ooHectioii' 
at the close, including donations, amounted to 4;55. 



ConTocation will meet in London at the end of this month. The Council at its 
meeting on June 12 will decide as to the time and place of meeting, and notice will 
^ sent to the ministers and memhers of the Council, who will kindly make it known 
'^ the churchwardens and lay representatives. 

The Meeting of the Council of the Free Church of England, will he held (d.t.) at 3, 
Westminster Chamhers, Victoria-street, Westminster, on Tuesday, June 12th, at 3 
e'olock. n P* S. Mebbywbatheb, Son, Sec, 

The Monthly Meeting of the Southern District of the Pree Church of England will 
be held (d.v.) at 3, Westminster Chamhers, Victoria- street, Westminsber, on Tuesday 
June 12th, at 11 o'clock, a.m. John Wilkie, Son, Sec, to the District, 

^e Spring Meeting of the ahove District, including ministers and representatives 
ot t;be Churches in I^dy Huntuigdon's Trusts, and also of the Pree Church of 
SD^land, will he held at Emmanuel Church, Malvern, on Tuesday, June 5th, when 
;he attendance of hoth ministers and laymen is respectfully invited. The meeting 
31* hosiness will commence at 10 o'clock in the morning, and the district Sermon 
ill be preached hy the Rev. Mr. Blore, of Brixton, in the evening;. 

The fifty-seventh annual Conference of ministers and laymen will he held on 
^^sday, June 26th, at Spa-fieldn' Chapel, London. The business of the session will 
ZQinence at 10 o'clock precisely. In the evening I tea will be provided in the 
^ool-room at 6 o'clock, after which the annual meeting of the Countess of Hunt- 
's Missionary Society will be held, and a cordial welcome be given to the 
- S. Williams, from Africa, who, with other friends, will address the meeting. 
cbair will be taken by P. W. Willcocks, Esq., Treasurer of the Society. 

In future all letters, applications, and inquiries relative to the general work of 
^ ^HVee Church of Englani should be addressed to Mr. F. S. Merryweathee, Hon, 
'*^-> Ree Church of England Committee Rooms, 3, Westminster Chambers, Victoria- 
^et;, S.W. 

Sx&bscriptions and donations, which are urgently needed to extend the Home 
''^^■teatant Mission Work of the Free Church of England, may be sent by cheque, 
^■fc-office order, or stamps, addressed to the Treasurer, T. L. Wilson, Esq., 3, West- 
L«^ter Chambers, Victoria-street, S.W. 

-Applications or inquiries relative to the opening of Pree Church of England 
**''*^ic5es in parishes beset with Ritualism and Sacerdotalism, may be addressed to the 
■^si^lent or Secretary of the District to which that application relates. 

Ihe Treasurer has received the following amounts : — 

g. APRIL. 

*'^- W. T. Smith (Teddington) £1 

»> -A. Spurr (ditto) 5 

» C. F. Martin 1 

»» W, G. Taylor 1 

^» :E.Blundell 1 

*^«^ Bev. W. F. E. Ashe :— 

Hr. Mnir 1 

„ B.Ri«by 1 

Handcock 1 

S. NixoD 1 


Collection, Christ Church, per 

Bishop Sugden £5 


Mr. Clipson (Tedddington) ... 1 

„ Geo. Kemp (Whitstable) 1 
A Sympathizing Friend, per 

Mr. Merryweather 5 

Mr. J. Denny 5 

C.Denny 6 


Mrs. EnsoU (Leominster) 





Bath, — Rev. H. Darby, per Miss 

Collected by Miss Sansom £0 6 

Mr. Lnxton Oil 

Mrs. Skinner Oil 

Miss Flukes Oil 

„ Gibbs Oil 

„ Clement Oil 

A Friend -.. Oil 

Magazines 6 

Mr. Baker's Class 15 

Ellicott „ 8 

Jones „ 6 

„ Sellick „ i 

Camhertoell Road School-^ 

Per Mr. Ellicott 2 


£0 13 
Less Expenses 14 

£0 11 8 
Brighton, — Per Rev. J. B. Figgis, M. A. 
Young Ladies* Juvenile Society — 
Per Mrs. Tinkler £5 17 2 

Spa melds,— Vet Rev. T. E. Thoresby. 

Collection £13 

Sunday School — 

Per Miss Polley. 


B Bnckland*s Class 



Burch ,, 


Cleveland ,, 




Clulterbuck*8 Class 




C. Clutterbuck „ 



Dockree „ 



Dymock „ 



Faulkner , 




Holland „ 



Mitchell ,, 



Nash „ 




Polley „ 





Roberta ,, 



Sherriif ,, 




Willcocks „ 



Woodward ,, 




L. Woodward „ 




A. M. Woodward Class 



's School. — Per Mr. Buckland— 


Miss Corn well's Class 



Larkin ,, 



• • 

Eses .. 



£5 15 
Wbrcester.^BAY. T. Dodd. 
Annual Subscriptions — 

Rev. W. Rowland (Ceylon) £1 1 

T. R. Hill, Esq., M.P 1 

M. Jones, Esq. (Mayor) ... 1 1 

Mr. J. Wilesmith 6 

Mrs. Benyon 1 

R. Padmorp, Esq 1 

Mr. Hooper 5 

J. Edmunds, Esq 1 1 

Rev. W. B. Birtt 10 

„ T. Dodd 2 2 

Collected by — 

Miss A. Farmer 18 

„ S. Cliff i 

„ Allbut 6 

Mrs. Thomas 5 

Bevington 2 

Harrison 10 

Baldwin 1 

Sunday-school — 
Miss A. Farmer's Class .... 









A. Gee 




S. Price 
Mr. Bradley ,, 




BaUy „ . 

Miss Jones's Bible Class 
Mr. Bradbume „ 










1 3 

7 1 

3 2 

2 8- 

1 7 


1 i 

4 6 

2 6 

4 9 


4 3 


9 6 

£14 2 7 

Contributions^ <fcc., io be sent to the Treasurer, Me. Fkederick Wm. Willcocks, 

MyddeUon Villas^ Lloyd Square, W. C, 


J. F. CuLLEN.— The movement in question does not seem to be supported by any recogniwd 

ecclesiastical body. 
Miss Skdqwick.— The number for January contains the first chapter. 
H. Alexaitdeb.— Thanks for your kind letter. We shall anxiously await the unfolding of ewn* 

in this matter. 
Beoeivzd, Bishop Price.— Rev. J. Brunskill, 3Ir. R. Jackson, Mrs. Cheney, Rev, M. B. ftw** 

Rev. Mr. Long, Mr. Williams, Rev. H. O. Meyers, Rev. P. Norton, Mr. H. Jones, Btr* 

P. X. Bldridge, Rev. R. 8. T., Miss Thomas, J. P., P. R., Mr. Appleton, Mr. Stevens, A 

Protestant, A Teacher, G. F., &c. 


JULY, 1877. 

onfessional, with its doctrine of Absolation, is the stronghold of 
ism. Get that, and everything is gained. It gives to man the- 
. God. With it, what are Kings and Queens and Parliaments f 

of the proud priest swells with ambition when he learns from 
at this assumed power has done ; when he contemplates what 
3t do for the dominion of Priestcraft. So we find that in the 
clesiastical censure, in spite of popular disgust and Parliamen- 
istrance, those so-called priests who live and fatten upon the 
f our once dearlj-loved Protestant Church are determined to 
They see in it the best and surest means of undermining whatever 
il truth yet remains in the State Church, of destroying our 
iberty, and robbing us of that spiritual right which our souls 
I the most precious of all privileges of going direct to Christ for 
They think the Confessional would be a convenient middle wall 
m, to separate the children of the Church from Christ and bring 
bly to the feet of the priest, and then all the wicked crafts of 

lustful, grinding Sacerdotalism could be revived in England 
England of old Popish days. 

n$]^1ishmen take warning. There is no tyranny more galling than 
ssional. Its use secures for the " priest " complete power over 
s. The man^ or woman, or the maiden who submits to it, is no 
le. With the false hope of a false absolution, a secret, it may 
nae and ignominy, is confided to the keeping of one who blas- 
y claims to hold the eternal destiny of his victim in his hands. 
3 the power of binding or loosingJ** What a terrible power for 

• Greale^'5 ** Ordinance of Confession," pago 6^. 


man, with all his miserable weaknesses and passions, with all his designs 
and love of power, to hold over his fellow mortal ! 

Nor let the Confessional be thought innocent if purified from its immo- 
rality. If we were sare that nothing suggestive of evil, that no prurient 
idea could ever be breathed in the ears of those we love ; neTerihekss we 
should abhor it as a thing dishonourable to God, destructive of our 
Christian privileges, and derogatory to the honour and glury of Christ, 
to whom " all the Prophets witness, that through His Name, whwoeYcr 
believeth in Him shall receive remission of their sins." 

Witt fejom ^Hthnofaj an iht gxtt Cj^urrj^ of (Bnglanlr. 

" Wb are much interested in the progress of those two young denominir 
tions of kindred character, the Reformed Episcopal Church of America, and 
the Free Church of England, because they are built on a noble principle, 
they are the result of an honest indignant protest against that permciooi 
sacerdotalism which is so rapidly sapping the fonndatious of the Established 
Church, and playing into the hands of Rome. We are glad to see that the 
two bodies so simikir in their origin and principles are becoming fina^ 
cemented and are encouraging each other in their good work. Bishop 
Cridge of the American branch, which is in the apostolical suooesooB 
through its late lamented founder, Bishop Cummins, has recently visitaa 
Engkmd and has consecrated there two bishops, so that now this oev 
Church will be fully equipped with all needed officers, and better fitted for 
a rapid extension through the land. 

'* It is very properly explained by the writer of the article from whidi^e 
quote, that the Free Church of England '* utterly disbelieves and rejects the 
wretched figment of apostolical succession as the one great link on which all 
priestcraft hangs/' but as a harmless concession to the prejudices of many it 
has secured this authentication of its orders that its bishops may stand oas 
level with all their English brethren. On both sides of the Atlantic ibs 
movement already numbers about 120 influential congregations, and it u 
certain to prosper. The Prayer-book in use has been very thoroughly 
revised and purged from every trace of priestly assumption, so that we &*• 
in it, what seems to meet the want of many minds, a liturgical but truly 
Protestant Church. 

'^ Although as a principle we like to see denominations growing fewer bj 
the union of those differing in unimportant particulars, we are qoit* 
satisfied that the forming of a new Church in this case was a most righteoni 
and altogether advisable thing. The difference between them and the <^ 
Episcopal bodies was too vitsd to be overlooked, and any hope of thoroagh 
reform in a compact priestly organization, such as the old bodies are, iSf ** 
all history teaches, perfectly hopeless. The tendency is wholly and alvaj* 
the other way, even as the growing power of Ritualism admonishes ^ 
Hence it is to the Reformed Episcopal Free Church that we look toseealaig^ 
part of the best elements, the really Protestant elements, in the Establiahed 
Church steadily gravitate, until tbe coming disestablishment shall set t^ 
from their unwelcome bonds the Evangelical wings of that Church. "^ 
Luchww Times. 


(BbtxtxixQ €amm\xnmx. 

Chubch life — ^bigh, low, and broad — is a common topic of conversation 
r-a-days. It crops up in all places, in season and out of season ; and 
^rday, as I was reading in a railway carriage, my attention was diverted 
i somewhat animated controversy going on between two ladies. One I 
w, by sight only, as the wife of a Surrey vicar, the other was a stranger 
ae. The subject of the dispute, for a dispute it was, was as to the custom 
veniug. communion. The vicar's lady defended the practice, not so much 
Scriptural grounds but because so many of her husband's congregation^ 
* could not get to church in the morning, preferred it. The other lady 
strong and emphatic in the expression of her positive dislike to what 
called an uuseemly and unwarrantable practice. 

" It is," said she, ** quite opposed to Church usage and order, and a 
e methodist novelty." 

" Nay," said the vicar's wife, ^' it was sanctioned and supported by the 

'* The Keformers ! " exclaimed the other lady, almost in a tone of con- 
pt. '' I don't know much about that, but certainly it is opposed to the 
imonyof the Fathers and to the practice of the primitive Ohrifltians, 
J celebrated at daybreak ! " 

This was a clincher for the vicar's' wife, who, evidently pleased at the 
H>rtnnity which the stoppage of the train at the next station gave her, 
nged the topic of conversation. 

I was sorry that the rules of courtesy forbade my intruding my own 
nion, for I should like to have shown that, whatever the Fathers might 
upon the subject, the testimony of the New Testament is evidently in 
our of evening communion. 

It is true that only twice is the language definite as to the time when 
followers of Christ partook of the Lord's Supper ; but in both cases it is 
Qtioned as late in the evening. The first commuion, celebrated by our 
^, was on 'Hhe night before He was betrayed. *' Then when the Christians 
Troas assembled to break bread, the narrative shows that it was in the 
ning. St. Paul preached an unusually long sermon, so that poor Eutycbus 
asleep and tumbled out of window, which, together with the long sermon, 
sed such a delay that it was past midnight before they could partake 
sther of the Lord's Supper. 

That evening communion in Apostolic days was the general custom we 
f also gather from 1 Cor. xi. 

Nevertheless we are permitted in this, as in many other matters con- 
ted with Church ordinances, a wise freedom. So long as we break bread 
aithful remembrance of Him, it matters little when or where it is done, 
ther Christ nor his Apostles have left any command as to the hour of 
ibration. It is only when we allow the bread idolatry and superstitioh 
the sacerdotalists — when we admit that the " consecrated" bread is the 
ybody of Christ — that there can be any meaning or virtue or necessity 
"eoeive the Lord's Supper as our breakfast. 

The subject of the right of voting in Church affairs is just now en- 
;iiig the serious attention of the Reformed Episcopal Church. It is a 
ject surrounded with practical difficulties. Who ought to possess and 
fcise the suffrage in important matters connected with the internal 
^ape of churches may seem, at first sight, a very easy question to 
ide, but no principle has hitherto been agreed upon by wiy ^\vxaO^^ 


which, when brought folly to bear, has been found to bo completdj sitii- 
factory. Some restrict the right of voting to commanicants, some to 
enrolled members, others to mere seat-holders or to regular attendant! it 
public worship. In the Church of England every parishioner is suppoeel 
to have a right to vote in vestry ; that is, when he gets the chance, wbick 
18 rare except for mere legal purposes. In the Reformed Episcqid 
Church the privilege is not only accorded to communicants, but to stitd 
worshippers, and all who, in a greater or lesser degree, contribute to 
the support of the Church. In the Free Church of England the qoafi- 
fication is much more restricted, and the Canoa points to the nltiisite 
establishment of the principle that all Church affairs should be decided bf 
communicants, and that all Church officers should be chosen not onlj bf, 
but from communicants. In theory this is excellent and right, botitii 
difficult to reduce it to practice. Wo shall be interested to watch the 
action of the Reformed Episcopal Church in this matter. 

liblanb gistrrtt ^wtiitg- 

Thk Spring Meeting of the Representativos of the Free Chnroh of 
England, and also of Lady Huntingdon's Connexion, was held at Greit 
Malvern on Tueiday, June 5tb, and was fairly attended by both laymen tad 
ministers. The Rev. A. S. Richardson presided, and prayer was offered bf 
Rev. W. Howell, of Swansea. A satisfactory report was made by the Chairotfi 
in reference to the Free Church of England at Buxtun, and resolutions wn* 
passed respecting the funds which were contributed in the District, for whiflh 
the Rev. G. Type was appointed as deputation. It was considered desinS* 
to render help to the new Free Church of England at Lndlow, and a oo&di' 
tional resolution was passed to that effect. Grants were recommended Iv^ 
the Education Society. The Rev. Gordon Llewellyn preached an ezoeM 
sermon at Emmanuel Church in the evening, the Litany being read hy^ 
Rev. J. R^nny, of Ludlow. The brethren were hospitably entertained bf 
Mr. and Mrs. Richardson, and the greatest harmony prevailed in tb* 
Assembly. The next meeting was fixed to be held at Kidderminster in the 
autumn, and the Rev. J. Blore, of Buxton, was appointed to preach ontbi 
occasion. ^ 

"^t ^rwst in ^bsjolutbn." 

It would be indeed strange if the Free Church of England Magazau tr* 
to keep silence on the subject of a discovery which, within the last few^ij^ 
has so deeply crimsoned the cheek of astounded Protestantitim with a bins 
of holy shame, and sent such a thrill of horror and anguish through i' 
indignant bosom. 

Since the newspaper Press of the kingdom will have made the reader^' 
the Magazine familiar with the leading facts of the case, before (Mir remar 
upon it can be seen by them, we will not enter at any length into the deta^ 
of the exposure of that abominable Puseyite "Manual," entitled **T 
Priest in Absolution," and of the detestable Sodetff of tlie Holy Croai 
both of which were unearthed and bravely drapged into the gaze of * 
House of Lords, by Lord Gedesdale only a few nights ago. 

The revelations then made, and the few extracts read by his lordihS 
literally electrified the Peers, both temporal and ppiritiial, with a sens9 
horror ; and wrung from the lips of the Archbishop of Canterbury the hun^ 

"the priest in absolction." 125 

bat humiliating confession that, *^lSo clergyman who wonld pnt such 
(faestions as the 'Manual' contained, ought to be adoiitted into the hoase of 
any bead of a family !*' Nevertheless, those very questions — and they are as 
numerous as tbey are revolting — were specially prepared for the very purpose 
of being asked by the priests in the Confessional, aud of being put to women 
of an ages, married and single, and even to children, both boys and gu^ 
down to the tender age otjioe years. 

All decent journals have shrunk, in virtuous shame, frompolluting their 
columns with any loathsome quotations from *' The Priest in Absolution,*' 
and have contented themselves with a general statement of the facts, and with 
loathing denunciations of the hideous state of things, by which the National 
Ohorch is being both poisoned and polluted. 

The facts alluded to may be thus epitomized. ''The Priest in Absolution" 
was written by " one of the brothers " of iJie Society of the Holy Cross. 
That secretly and recently-formed fraternity, numbering over 700 members, 
has, it is said, Mr. Machonochie for its *' master," and his curate, Mr. Stanton, 
with an immensely long list of equally pronounced priestly traitors to the 
Church and the country, as its most prominent members; among whom the 
names of Lowder, Littledale, and Tooth, would of themselves afford a sufficient 
indication of the character and aims of this Romanizing regiment of sappers 
and miners^ 

Under the auspices of this sacerdotal set, who purchased the copyright of 
**The Priest in Absolution " from the author, that precious epitome of moral 
filth was privately printed and circulated among the priests, iis a *' Manual '* 
for '^such as are called unto the higher ministries in the English Church.** 
Canningly enough, it was determined that the circulation should ber limited 
to the clergy, and that the brochure was to be carefully kept from the eyes of 
the laity. 

These precautions were taken lest its scandalous contents should arouse 
their wrath against those traitors in the Church, who, under the garb of 
religion, were proposing to use it to the destruction of all social and 
domestic purity. 

Out of temporary evil, however — and even out of such hideous evils as 
those we are denouncing — may iome great and permanent good ; and one 
food result, at all events, of the painful and humiliating discovery of such 
inestly crimes, will assuredly follow their public exposure. Need we say 
thai we here allude to its influence on the work and prospects of the Free 
Church of England, in which Churchmen will find all they Itve, and no priestly 
^fTQTs to hate ! There can be no doubt that notwithstanding the antipathy 
^ the Archbishop of Canterbury, and many of his brother prelates, to the 
titra-Ritualism of the Puseyites, and, above all, to the abominations of its 
**Holy Cross" latest d- velopments ; and notwithstanding, also, that the 
House of Lords has indignantly denounced those disgraceful iniquities, and 
^ House of Commons has quickly re-echoed the denunciation, and means 
to return to the charge ; still, it is to the people themselves, and 
^t to either Peers, Prelates, or Commoners, that the Protestantism 
W}d purity of the Church and the country must look for protection. Nothing 
]>^ sooner secure it than a large secession to the Free Church of England, 
"^^ nothing else will/o/ceour rulers, civil and ecclesiastical, to pass measures 
for the Church's salvation from its internal destroyers, with whom there is ai 
P**en^ no effectual modes of dealing. 

. All that the Archbishops and Bishops can do is to declare their indigna- 
wwi and sorrow, and express ** a hope," as the Primate of all England ha» 
^^^^y that the clergy associated with the Holy Cross traitors and pollutors 
J*^ comparatively few, and that even the priests of that detestable brother- 
.**jdwill not continue to play such unholy pranks, but will abstain from 
y^ingthe foul questions in the Confes<sional which "The Priest in Abso- 
™ttou" has so handily furnished for their use and j'uid'ince. 


We announce with pleasare the safe arrival of our friend the Bev. Samael 
Williams, of Sierra Leone. After resting for a few days with hb friend Mr. 
Trotter, he has commenced visiting some of the congregations who have for 
80 long manifested great interest in the Mission work in Africa. In fatan 
numbers we shall be pleased to report an account of his visits, which, m 
already fixed, mark out a long and hard summer's work. At the few pliM 
already visited — viz., Rochdale, Tunbridge Wells, Margate, &c. — thefriendi 
have expressed themselves greatly pleased with his intelligence and aptnen; 
and we believe a largely increased interest has been created in his work. 

He had been an exhorter and occasional preacher for many years, ud 
subsequently the General Superintendent of the Schools and Stations in the 
Colony. On Wednescfcay, June 13th, he was ordained at the Counten of 
Huntingdon's Church at Tunbridge Wells to the work of the IMQuistry. 

The morning services commenced with the Litany, read by Rev. Ow, 
Jones. An appropriate address from the text, *^ Ethiopia shall soon stietdi 
out her hands unto God," was delivered by the Rev. J. B. F^gis, M.A., 
after which the Ordination Service was held, the Rev. W. H. Hines, PKii- 
dent of the Conference, asking the usual questions, the remaining portiooi 
of the service being conducted by the Revs. T. Thoresby^ D. Lloyd, ind 

The ministers and local \managers, together with Messrs. WiUoocks and 
List from London, were hospitably entertained by Mr. Sharp at his retidenoA. 

The newly-ordained minister, the Rev. S. Williams, preached in ths 

(I^xlhtxt WxxQ^i, iljt <S0HpIIjcr» 



Chapter X. — Alice befobe the Bishop. 

When Alice entered the Refectory she looked pale. Grief had left de^ 
traces of her visit on that fair young face. During the last week her 
sufferings had been great, and the fond hopes of her opening life had hecofSfi 
<lark and overcast. But amidst this furnace of trial, a holy presence m 
strengthened her. It was marvellous what a brave and noble spirit the 
Truth had kindled in that slender girl. Gentle and undemonstrative, soma 
would have thought her incapable of those deeper feelings that stir up tbe , 
heart to heroism, ^et such quiet natures can often bear more, withsUv* 
more ;— can love with a stronger and more unselfish love than those who 
sparkle with all the vivacity of robust energy and the glow of life. The lofj 
of such, if not so warm in its outward aspect, burns with a steadier faith, ai^ 
endures for ever. Such a love we can trust. In its quietness and depth, ** 
is safe from many influences that disturb more restless natures, and is no^ 
likely to be kissed away by the most brilliant wooer. In holier things »»* 
for great purposes, these are the natures that surprise us with their abidi^S 
8trength,and the readiness with wliich they clothe themselves with martyrdoU^ 
in their sacrificial devotion to the Truth. 

And so now, entering into the presence of these stem men, Alice, girl ^ 
shew as, was spiritually stronger than they. No hesitation — no weaknea** 
were visible. Faith had filled her heart with courage. Yet with tb*' 
maiden shyness so natural to her age, and quite unconscious of a presence ^ 
dear to her. she advanced with downcast eyes towards the table, led by b^ 
uncle. Suddenly she started at the sound of a voice that had never left IJ^ 
in her solitude, or her dreams. 


" Alice ! " 


And love^ which conquers fear, rejoiced in a moment of redeeming bliss. 
efore bishop, prior, or monk could interpose, the lovers were clasped in 
ich others arms. 

The prior, amazed and scandalized at this disregard of tbu presence of 
ly lord bishop, seemed for a moment too astonished to speak. He soon re- 
)yered himself, however, and turning to Master Barton, exclaimed : — 

'^ What meaneth this foolery ? How dare they show this unseemly con< 
act here ? Separate them instantly ! " 

" Stay ! stay ! " said old Anthony, "grudge tliemnot this sorry comfort ; 
ley need something in their misery, poor thingfs." 

" Let them alone," said the bishop, and tlien turning to the prior, he 
hispered : — 

'^ Methinks I see how this may be useful in bringing them to submission. " 

"How, reverend father ? '* asked the prior. 

*' Appeal to each through their affection. Gilbert will confess all to save 
lis jade ; and she, poor fool " 

" Ah ! I see," said the crafty prior. 

Whilst this conversation was going on, Alice and Gilbert were not idle. 

"Courage, my sweet one," said Gilbert, " and fear not forme. But why 
rt thou here?" 

"Because of the book ; it was seen in mine hand." 

" And thou hast given it up ? " 

"Nay, Gilbert, it is in safe hiding." 

" Hast thou read it darling ? " 

" Oh, yes ; again and again," said Alice eagerly, "and it has made me 
o happy." 

" Thanks be to God," exclaimed Gilbert. 

The bishop now commanded them to stand apart, and addressing Alice, 
laid :— 

" It grieveth me much, my daughter, to find thee set down in the present- 
nent. I fear that Gilbert hath seduced thee from the faith with his evil 

" Not so, reverend Sir ! " said Alice, with courage ; " thou knowest not 
Gilbert Wright, else thou wouldst think no evil of him. " 

"Well, well, we will not dispute with thee on this matter,'* said the 
Wshop ; " show thy dutifulness, daughter, by gentle obedience." 

"It is so my desire, reverend Sir," replied Alice. 

"Good, my daughter; but we hear," said the bishop, smoothly, "that 
tbou hast some Lollard writings in hiding, doubtless in ignorance of the 
dinger and sin of keeping such.. I charge thee to discover them." 

"Pardon me, my lord," replied Alice, "the little book I have is *but 

IwlySt John's Gospel." 

" So I wit," said the bishop, " but it is, I hear, the translate of that 

wch heretic, Wycliffa's — the same evil book that hath wiled thy companion 

Jnto heresy." 

"Where hast thou hid the book, Alice? Tell my lord, Alice, tell my 

^ where thou hast hid the book," urged her uncle. 

*' Press me not, uncle, in this matter. I dare not give up the book ! '* 

" Ah ! ah ! " exclaimed the bishop, with an angry frown. ** What, art thou 

Aboard us with thy malapert ways and whims ? Thou hast read the book 

^ I ween?" 

"Sooth, my good lord," gently replied Alice, " and comfort have I had 


The bishop bit his lip, and marvelled at the courage of this frail, young 

VA ; for lier eyes, so sad in expression, nevertheless looked fearlessly into his 


"Daughter!" lie exclaimed in anger, ''thon hast done wrong. I fna 
would arrest this matter for thine uncle^s sake. But have a care ! Oonfoi^ 
therefore, that thou hast erred ; deliver up the book ; and receive our ibo- 
lution. Thy penance shall be light." 

** The book is dear to roe, my lord. I pray thee grant me its use." 

'' This obstinacy beseemctb thee not ! Thou hast infected her, loan!,'' 
said the bisliop, turning to Gilbert, << with the vile contagion of thy loUardyl 
Give up the book, daughter, or it will go the harder with him." 

'*0h, I pray ihae, reverend Sir," exchiimed Alice, turning deadly pile, 
•'let no word of mine anger thee against Gilbert, for — " 

"Fear not, Alice, my darling,'* said Gilbert, eagerly. ** As thou lowifc 
me, be brave and do as thy conscience bid a thee." 

** Silence ! " shouted the prior, and then taming to the bishop, he said: 
"Test her, my lord! make sharp work with the jade; she is far goneiB 
loUardy, I ween." 

" It seemeth so," replied the bishop, and thereupon he plied her with 
many intricate questions upon the orthodox doctrines of ]|lome. But Alioe 
knew nothing of these theological disputes. Her faith was too simple it 
its purity to be troubled about such abstruse dogmas. 

She had learned the one great saving truth, that Jesus had died for 
her. To this she clung. Her whole faith was a resting on that m\^\itf 
fact, and she felt in its satisfying greatness the vanity of all those spuriom 
accessories on which the priestly teachers of her girlhood had taught her 
to rely. Instinctively, with her loyalty to Christ, she would have Bhunned 
confession and priestly absolution, but she was not prepared to give her 
reasons. She was guided not so much by reason as by the loyalty of her 
heart. And so in the matter of the book. She had recognized aod 
received it as the Word of God. To give it up as a thing fit for the flameii 
seemed like treason to her faith ; and with the spirit and enthusiasm of i 
true disciple, she was prepared to suffer reproach rather than thus seem- 
ingly to cast discredit upon the Word of God. 

When, therefore, the bishop wound up his questions, which from their 
length and the cruel pertinacity with which they had been repeated, hid 
utterly exhausted the spirit of the persecuted girl, by demanding her, 
on peril of incurring the penalties of the law, to deliver up the Groapel 
book, she lifted up her head, and in a voice of calm strength, and with t 
look of holy determination that made her beauty shine as the beauty of an 
angel, she said : — 

"My lord, I will never, God helping me, so dishonour His blesied 
Word ! " 

"May our Heavenly Father bless and strengthen thee, my darling!" 
exclaimed Gilbert, with a face glowing with joy, and springing impulsivell 
towards her ; but he was suddenly held back, for at that moment two 
lay brothers entered, with the constable and Geoffry Ti^on, and, forgetting 
in their eagerness the homage expected by the presence of the bishopy 
shouted in one breath, 

" The book is found ! " 

So it was, and discovered, too, by the cunning and treason of QeoSiJt 
who was a paid tool in the hands of the monks. He had been, ever since 
his conversation with Dame Mostyn, watching his opportunity, and so soon 
as Master Barton left his liouie with Alice for the priory, Geoffry had met 
by arrangement the lay brothers and the constable, who, armed with 
authority from the prior, immediately commenced their pearch, and, in spito 
of the indignant protestations of Dame Mostyn, insisted in ransacking tfae 
sleeping chamber of Mistress Alice. The result of this search was the 
discovery of the secret hiding-j^lace, and the capture of the book, whish tb^ 
then hurried to the priory. 

"Thou hast done well," said the prior taking the book and turning to 


eoflfiy, "and proved thyself a faithful servant of the Church. We will 
je that thou art fully rewarded." 
^* Tba book is mine," exclaimed Gilbert, " and I beseech thee restore it 

''Thou art mad^ lossel/' said the bishop, turning over the leaves of the 
ttle volume. " It is as I weened, one of the accursed translates of Master 
^ycliffe's, and fit for the flames of hell. See to it, Sir Prior, that we have 
burning to-morrow ! " 

" And the prisoners, my lord ? " asked the prior. 

"Let Gilbert Wright be taken to Winchester, and handed over to the 
calar authority, as an inveterate and obstinate heretic ! As to this silly 
ol, let her go with her uncle until we inquire further into the matter, for 
^ St. Thomas, her pretty face shall not save her from the fagot unless she 
bmit ; " and pushing back the high chair in which he sat, the wrathful 
clesiastic arose and left the refectory, followed by the prior, who glared 
»on the youthful Gospellers as he passed with a look of malignant triumph. 

(To be continued.) 

Jollmgs fr0m anx flofe-^0ok» 

The Rev. fl. 0. Meyers preached at Southend on Sunday, June 10. 

The '^ Italy," the steamship by which the Rev. Dr. Gregg sailed, reached 
iw York, on June 18th. 

Thb Southern Diocesan Meeting was held at Westminster on June 12. 
16 Bight Bev. Bishop Sugden presided. 

Bishop Fallowes, Presiding Bishop of the Beformed Episcopal Church, 
11 probably visit England this autumn. 

The Midland District Meeting of the Free Church of England met at 
mmanuel Church, Great Malvern, on June 5. The Bev. A. S. Bichardson 

On June Cth, the comer-stone of a new Beformed Episcopal Church was 
id by the Right Bo v. Bishop Fallows at Toronto. The Bev. Dr. Ussher 
the minister of this church. 

At the Annual Meeting of the Church Association, great, nay almost 
itire satisfaction was expressed at the. recent judgment in the Bidsdale 
se! Yet the judgment undoubtedly denotes a serious retrograde step 
^m Protestantism. 

A Thanksgiving Service, to commemorate Her Majesty's fortieth Coro- 
ttion Day, was to be held in Emmanuel Free Church of EugUnd, Putney, 
i Thursday, June 28 bh, whea the Right Bev. Bishop Price was to preach. 
The mind has been nausclated of late by the discussions of the obscene 
erature circulated by Mr. Bradlaugh, Mrs. Besant, and the '^Society of 
B Boly Cross." The Government have declined to prosecute the 
Lblishers of " The Priest in Absolution,'* on the ground that it is printed 
r private circulation among the clergy. But, as the DaUy Telegraph 
werves : **The guilty parties are not more private individuals, they are 
^ymen of the Established Church. Is it right that the law officers of 
e Crown should hepitate to prosecute persons who are poisoning the 
irity of English morals, and absolutely sapping the whole structure of 
T family life, when those persons turn out to be servants of the Crown, 

the sense that they are ministers of the State Church ? Is it not the 
ity of the State to purge its own servants of immorality, and does not 
n private ciiculation, and the official use in the Church of a book which 
B Attomey-Gxineral deliberately declared to be * obscene and disgusting,' 
id to immorality ?" 


Jfr0m ^vHmtBB to ^lubtiess. 



" I thought upon my sins, and I was sad, • M[^ 

My soul was troubled sore, and filled with pain ; 1^ 

But then I thought on Jesus, and was glad ; Ws. 

My heavy grief was turned to joy again. ' 1^^ 

Chapter I. — A Sad Heart. 

Ix a large country town, on a dark, cold winter's nigbt Bome % 
years ago, a young girl might be seen walking toward her home fron i 
place of religions worship. SShe was alone ; yet one of a crowd. J2oM,m 
sad thought and feeling, yet in the midst of many others who, like henw, 
bad but just left the porch of the neighbouring church. And oh! bow 
strangely varied was the conduct of that retiring congregation ! Soori 
persona looked grave, and, as they walked, they lifted up to HeaTen ft 
silent prayer for a blessing on the Word of Life proclaimed that day. A 
few were going to their homes comforted and strengthened by the mesngB 
they had heard ; others conversed with their neighbours upon the liteniy 
merit of the sermon — its beautiful figures, its finished sentences, its poliihfld 
diction. And some — oh, how many — spoke neither of service, nor d 
sermon, nor of preacher ; perhaps neither had been reaMy seen nor heaid, 
but as they walked, they laughed and jested about tbe coming pleasures or 
business of the week. What strange particulars the recording angel wrote 
that night against the names of some who had been present at the service! 

But the sermon had touched one heart at least. Tbe arrow shot £roa 
the preacher's bow '^ at a venture," while it had passed by many altogether, 
and had grazed but a few, had entered deeply into one soul. One at lent 
of the hundreds of people who had sat tos^ether — oiie at least, felt hff 
sinfulness and her weakness, and put forth her hands after God. 

The young girl of whom we are writing walked home that night by he^ 
self. She felt in no mood for conversation with friends or acquaintaoflV' 
Her heart was too full of grief — of grief which no earthly companion oooid 
share. Along back streets and unfrequented paths she took her way, and tf 
she walked she '^ thought upon her sins, and she was sad." Her sins— ytf! 
one by one they flashed across her mind — transgressions long forgotten-Sl 
words and evil thoughts, long before spoken and cherished and cast onto! 
remembrance — ^back they all came at the irresistible call of Conscience, isd 
oh ! the reproachful glances they seemed to cast, and the bitter, accadiigi 
condemning words they seemed to speak! No wonder the ^rl was sad! 
Who, under like circumstances, could be otherwise ? 

*^ He loved me ; He gave Himself for me. " Twice, she remembered, i^ 
ids sermon had the preacher said these words, laying each time particul*'' 
emphasis upon the personal pronouns in the sentence : '^ He loved me; S^ 
gave Himself for me. " And they had arrested her attention, and set hor 
thoughts in motion. '^HCf'* *'me." Who is meant by '^ He^'* and who by 
"me".* ^^Hc who was rich, yet became poor. He who knew no sin, y©* 
was made sin for men — He who was just, yet died like the unjost 
** jBr<?," Jesus, the Son of the living God, ''He'' loved vie. ''Mt'^ 
sinful, foolish, erring, giddy, and only one among millions aft*' 
all I What is there in me to expect His love ? Are there no beings piii®' 
and grander, more worthy of His affection ? Yet there they stand, tho»^ 
words of wondrous meaning, in His own inspired book. " -&c loved fW^ ' 
and oh I gigantic proof of love, *' He gave Himself tor me." 

Then, as she thought on these things during her quiet walk, another s^* 
more awful in its shape and of far larger proportions than any of its pre<^^' 
cessors — came before her mind. It was the sin of neglecting and rejecfcU^ 
Christ. Out of the darkness it seemed at first to glare upon her, and tb^ 
its terrible form came full in view, and she shrank back as it approach^^ 



b on it came with steady step, and when it reached her it stooped down, 
I whispered in deep, distressing tones — so loiv^ that none around could hear ; 
sloWf that every word pierced through the heart —''Two years ago at 
ristmastide, and^hen twelve months ago to-night, and afterwards in May, 
en Charlie died, and then again in June, and when the leaves were fall- 
; from the boughs, He touched you in His passing by, and beckoned you 
follow in His path, and whispered peace and rest unto the soul. But you 
tiaed to listen to His voice ; you cast His love away« and gave your love to . 
I and selfish pleasure. Kemember ! oh remember ! how He called and you 
«Ad not obey ! " 

What could she say? What could t(78 have said ? For every word was 
le— Jesus Jiad called. He had invited her to Him. He had shown her 
8 hands and His side, with their nail-prints and deep spear-rent wound, 
d she had made light of all — the sorrow and the pain, the Cross and the 
:den, the peace and the love. She had rejected the Saviour. What could 
) do in view of all her sins but feel sad and weep ? 

I. — ^What is the Chuech of God? 

The blessed company of all who were saved through faith in the pro- 
led Messiah, and all who have been, or shall be, saved through faith in 
» finished atonement of Jesus Christ. 

1. Where is the Church of God? ^' Where two or three are gathered 
^ther in my name, there am I in the midst of them." (Matt, xviii. 20.) 

2. What position, does Christ occupy in the Church? " He is the head of 
B body, the Church." (Col. i; 18.) 

3. Who are comprehended in the Church ? " All that in every place call 
K)n the name of Jesus Christ." (1 Cor. i. 2. ) 

4. With what was the Church bought ? " Purchased with His own blood." 
ctsxx. 28.) 

5. JFho alone can add to the Church ? ** The Lord added to the Church 
tly such as should bejsaved." (Acts ii. 47.) 

6. What is necessary for membership ? " Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, 
I thou shalt be saved." (Acts xvi. 31.) 

T. Where are the names enrolled? "Rejoice, because your names are 
tten in heaven." (Luke x. 20.) 

8. Who are excluded from tlie Church? " iTe will not come to me, that 
night have life." (John v. 40.) 

^* Unto whom is the Church subject ? " The Church is subject unto 
Ut." (Eph. V. 24.) 

to. What did Christ do for the Church ? " Christ also loved the Church, 
gave Himself for it." (Eph. v. 25.) 

tX. In what condition does Clirist present the Church ? "A glorious 
■I'ch, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it 
tUd be holy and without blemish." (Eph. v. 27.) 

1^2. What is the true place and standing of the Church before God ? ** And 
^ raised us up together, and made us sit togetlier in heavenly places in 
Ut Jesus." (Eph. ii. 6.) 

1^3. What is the hope of tJie Church ? " The glorious appearing of the 
^^ God and our Saviour Jesus Christ." (Titus ii. 13.) 

i-4. What is the influence of this hope? ** Every man that hath this hope 
^Im pnrifieth himself, even as he is pure." (1 John iu. Z,) 

132 THE editor's table. 

II. — How IS THE Church Designated iw Scbiftu'b& 

The Body of Chriat (1 Cor. xii. 27). 
The Bridu (Rev. xxL 9). 
Wife of Christ (Rev. xix. 7). 

The Iiamb'8 Wife (Rev. xxi. 9). 
Peculiar People (I Peter ii. 9). 
People of God (1 Peter ii. 10). 
The Wliole Family (Eph. iii. 15). 
Household of God (£ph. ii. 19.) 
A Chosen Generation (I Puter ii. 9). 
Royal Priesthood (1 Peter ii. 0). 
A Holy Nation (1 Peter ii. 9). 
Temple of God (I Cor. iii. 16). 
God's Building (1 Cor. iii. 9). 

— From the Appeal. 

, A Spiritual House (1 Peter iL 5). 
' Pillar and Ground <»f the Truth |V 
Tim. iii. 1). 

The Church in the Wlldemets (Acta 
vii. 38). 

House (Heb. iii. 6). 

New Jurusalem (Rev. xzi. 2). 

Zion (Isaiah L 2/ ). 

Branches of the True Vine Johnxv.S)- 

A Vineyard (Inauih v. 1). 

As a Fold of Sheep (John x. 16). 

Lighte in the World (Phil. ii. I^. 

Saints (1 Cor. i. 2). 

dht (Eiriter's ^Mt. 

Undf.ceircd ; Hfnnan or Anglican f A Story of English Bitualismf pp. 

London : James W. AUini^IiHm. 
We welcome Ruth KUiott in the new path of Literature upon which she 
has recently entered. We read her first lictle piecos, contributed occasionaJI^ 
to the public notice, having in our minds what she has written since, with 
great interest ; and, also, with great pleasure derived from their own intriasio 
quiilities — which are not ordinary. Wo refer to '* A Chat with a Coastgua>t«l 
Man,'' " The Scottish Martyrs," &c. These remind us of Dr. Watts' lines — 

" A flower^ whon offered in the bud. 
Is uo vam sacrifice." 

Since then we have read her stories for children — "Dick's Trouble*, " 
"The Wonderful Lamp," "Little Ray and her Friends," &c. There need 
be no tiresfome Sunday afternoons for the dear little children in religion* 
families now that lluth Elliott has \i-rittcn these charming child-books. VVe 
have tried their liTect upon children and have proved their fascinating power. 
We recommend them for prizes in schools, and for school libraries. 

The larger works*, such as "Margery's Christmas Box " and "A Voice 
from the Sea," show tliu possession oiF great power ; and this is by no meaSi^ 
diniinibhed in " James l)aryll " and " Undeceived.*' It is this last woric 
which calls forth the present notice. 

In the creation and description of character, there can be no doubt tb® 
work belongs to the highest class of imaginative art, and the pathos whio^ 
pervades the whole is most healthful and satisfying. In tine contrast i* 
shows what the Sacerdotal idea can do in chilling the warm sensibilities of 
human nature — transmuting them into cold steel, and making the prieS* 
himself an incarnation of all evil. 

The plot is 80 well laid and so well managed as to keep up the interest to 
the last ; the style is clear, but sufficiently strong to do its work ; the spiH* 
is sweetly (hristian, without a bit of religions sectarianism or controverai** 
bitternesss in it ; the argument is unanswerable. The characters are dra^** 
to the life, and preserve their individuality in all the new scenes and events 
through which they pass. Tiiere in deep sympathy with all sr)rts of sufferiHC^ 
— even a Christlike oiiftness with its lower forms. No religious party c*^ 
complain of unfairness — all are treated with even-handed justice aO" 
Christian liberality. 

The ppecijility of the work is to us ita greatest value. It is writt^^ 
against Ritualism — not ho much the tawdry ecclesiastical doU-dressiiig, 
tho deadly poison which is wrapped up in the Sacer'lot J doctrine. 


This is the best bonk againsb RituaJisin which has- yet appeared. It 
108 with meiciful aid tu the families of the Church of England, and 
'ht to be sown broadcast throughout tlie parishes of our land, espKcially 
ure Uoman priests, under the guise of English clergyn^en, or English clergy- 
1, who are not Boman priests, but who have false views of the Church 
i*rong views of Christy are perverting the grand old English nation — by 
-eliminary course in the frightful immorality of the Confessional — the 
atroQS worship of the Mother of Christ, and the blasphemous super- 
.on of the Mass, with a view of leading on to a not distant submission, 
^ist, to the poor old imbecile sinner at Rome, who, at the bidding of the 
^Jesuits beliind him, calls himself — *' Infallible." 

Vhe Free Church of England may well hail this book, and if they are 
» they will make good use of it in their work against the stealthy and 
*juctive sacerdotalism in the Church at the present day. 

Congregation of Believers; or, The Suffrage in the Beformed EpUcopcU 
Jhurch. By tlie Bev. H. M. CoUisson, 8vo. Printed for Private Circula- 
*ion, 1877. 

'• object of Mr. CoUisson is to show his reason for supporting a motion 
sh the General Council of the Reformed Episcopal Church were to 
(ider, affirming the principle that none but communicants, only enrolled 
ucb, should be permitted to vote for deputies to Synods or Council, or 
bhe lay officers to be associated with the pastor in the admission, demis- 
I, or discipline of Church members. Mr. CoUisson brings forward some 
xig arguments in favour of this proposed amendment to the Canon of 
Church. It is a very difficult question, and ought not hastily to be 
alated upon ; but all who feel interested in this subject, so important to 
welfare of every religious community, will do well to read this pamphlets 

lUumincUed Teoets, 
We Lave received some very pretty lithographed Scripture Texts from 
Advertising Agency. They are all of a most chaste design, and admir- 
^ adapted for prizes and presents. We are especially pleased with the 
'ly floral border of that sweet and comforting little 23rd Psalm, ** The 
d is my Shepherd." It should brighten the walls of every home where 
re are young people. 

By the Rev.. P. Norton. 

I?in& Bible, which is the Book of Books, teaches that God planted the first 
ten and put the first man in it as gardener. It was in this garden, named 
tn — or pleasant (and every garden is an Eden) — that our first parents, 
l>eing sufficiently intent upon their duties, listened to the evil voice, and 

'* That forbiflclen tree, whose bitter fruit 
Brought death into the world aud all our woe." 

• if in a garden man was vanquished, in a garden man was victor. It was 
>lie garden of Gethsemane, beneath the branches of tbe olive trees and 
t'ouaded by the flowers of the field, that the second man, the Lord from 
'^en, drank the bitter cup which regained for us Paradise. But further, 
' Bible describes heaven itself as a garden in a city, or a city in a garden ; 
Meetly blending together the refinement and sociality of the town with the 
graiice and flowers of the country. The seer tells us that he beheld in the 
istof the city a river of pure water, and on either side of the river an 
*^ue of trees, bearing twelve manner of fruits, and yielding their fruit 
iiy month ; and the leaves of the trees were for the healing of the i\aAiQ\i'&, 


Indeed, our word Paradise itself means a pleasure ground or park. We find 
an echo of the statements of Scripture in the legends of the Ureeks. Tlun 
we read of f the garden of the Hesperides, where grew the golden apptii 
watched by fiery dragons. There also we read that after death the loiili of 
the righteous pass into the Elysian fields, where there is perpetual suouur 
and floweni of unfading beauty. Tbis love of nature is very strong, andii 
seen in the fact that art is but the imitator of nature. All the decorationiof 
the walls and furniture and robes of the rich and the great are borrowsd 
from the flowers of the field. We have all heard of the hanging ganlen 
of Babylon, contrived by a great king to gratify the lon^ng of In 
queen for the flowers and freedom of her native hills. The LondflQ 
gardens, poor botanical hospitals though they be, the town cooMni- 
tories of the rich, and the pot of Mignonnette ('WiW^ darlitig" ihewoA 
means) on the window-sill of the poor ; all these testify to the inborn 
love of nature; to the secret feeling that ''God made the country, lad 
man made the town.'' But we have now especially to do with floweik 
Flowers, beautiful flowers, the delight of childhood, the solace of age,tli6 
silent preachers of trust in God, the silent rebukers of sin and pride. As De 
Quincey has well said, speaking of the new light cast upon all things 1^ 
Christianity, ^'Fowers for example, that are so pathetic in their beauty, ftiil 
as the clouds, and in their colouring as gorgeous as the heavens, had throngh 
thousands of years been the heritage of children — honoured as the jewelltfy 
of God only by them^ when suddenly the voice of Christ, countersigning tho 
voice of infancy, raised them to a grandeur transcending the Hebrew throDe, 
and pronounced Solomon in all his glory not to be arrayed like one of theio." 
And with regard to this retral beauty of flowers, it is worthy of notice tiut 
every flower, according to the botanist, has a corolla, or little crown. 

In making a few remarks upon the nomenclature of these kings and queeni 
of the earth, I will begin with that flower which is almost throughout the woiid 
acknowledged as peerless — the Hose. Now wo have a very high authority 
for saying that '* the Rose with any other name would smell as sweet ;" and 
yet there remains this fact that in the case of tlio Hose, as with many other 
flowers, the name has to do with the nature. It is not a mere mark^ like ft 
letter on a sheep to denoto its owner, but is a description of some particalir 
quality. With regard to the Hose, it is interesting to find that in SaxoD, 
Danish, German, and French the name is exactly the same as in Engli^* 
in Greek it is Ehodon^ from which we get the rhodo-denclrony namely, a tree oear- 
ing Roses. We trace the word back to the Sanscrit, the root of all languagei< 
and there we find the word in its primitive form ratra^ from the verb ra*i 
to colour. Thus we sec that it was the inimitable blush of the fiover, tht^ 
lovely tint varying from light pink to deep crimson, which caused our ancient 
forefathers to give it the name of Rose. Also in the fact that this word is 
almost the same in all languages we have a proof of a fact of very gi^ 
importance, namely, that all languages, and consequently all mankind, hft<l 
one origin. The name of the sister, and sometimes so esteemed the rival 
flower of the Rose, the lAhjy is similarly interesting. In this instance 
again we find the name almost the same in all languages, and trace it to the 
Sanscrit lilata, or pleasant to the scent. Thus whilst the Rose is named 
from its beauty, the Lily is so called from its fragrance. From these statelj 
flowers let us descend to that humble but favourite ^'modest wee tipp^ 
crimson flower," the Daisy, "Surely," saj's Trench, **this channinff 
little English flower, which has stirred the peculiar aflection of Engli*'* 
poets, from Chaucer to Wordsworth, and received the tribute of their songi 
becomes more charming yet, when we know, as Chancer long ago has told ^ 
that daisy is day^s eye, the eye of day. These are his words — 

*' That well hy reason it men callen may 
The daisie or else the eye of day." 


ontidfir how much is implied here. To the sun in the heavens this name, 
fe of day, was naturally first given ; and those who transferred the title to 
ir little field-flower, meant, no doubt, to liken its inner yellow disk or shield 
» tbe great golden orb of the sun, and the white florets which encircle their 
isk to the rays which the sun spreads on all sides round him. What imagi- 
■tum was here to suggest a comparison such as this, binding together as it 
oes the smallest and the greatest. What a travelling of the poet's eye from 
nth to heaven, and from heaven to earth, uniting both." What poetry and 
tness there frequently is in the names of flowers. In some cases this 
I lelf-evident. Forget-me-not^ Hearths-ease, Old Man, Boy^s Love, Venvs* 
lodking-glass, Meadow Sweet, Eye Bright ^ Crow's Foot; these all tell 
lieir own story. A^in there is that delightful climbing shrub which 
lakes the lanes in Devon and Cornwall like walls of Paradise, the 
Itmeysuckley or Woodbine; the first name describes the sweetness of 
s scent, the second its power of binding fast to any tree that it may 
timb. There are other names equally appropriate, but not quite so self- 
vident. Thus Primrose is the prime-rose, jbhe first rose of the year. 
hwdip is BO called because cows are said to be glad to lip it or eat 
'• Buttercup derives its name either from the fact that its cup is yellow 
I butter, or from the fancy that its bright colour causes spring butter to be 
ke it ; this, however, I am informed, cannot be the case, since cows will 
ot eat Buttercups. There are some flowers the beauty of whose name is 
bflcored by a slight divergence in spelling from the original form. This is 
le case with Foxglove, I often wondered at the name. What could a fox 
Wit a glove for ? and if he did, a fox's paw would be far too large for the 
love provided by the flower. But one day I met with the explanation ; 
Biy simple, but very interesting. Foxglove is properly " Folks' glove," 
unely, tne glove of the ''good folks " or the fairies. There is another very 
ppropriate name, which also is slightly disguised. The Turks have often 
sen in our thoughts during this extremely long Eastern crisis, but perhap 
'e never dreamed that there was any connection between a Tulip and a Turk. 
Tich, however, is the case. Tulip comes from the Turkish word ''tulban," 
bich means turban ; and how appropriate is this name both as regards the 
vm of the flower and its gorgeous colours. We must now pass to those 
ames of flowers which are memorials of persons. This is a large class, but we 
ui select only three specimens. The Hyacinth is so named after Hyacinthus, 
be son of a Spartan king. He was a beautiful youth, beloved by the god 
^pollo. One day while they were playing at quoits, so the story goes, the 
od Lad the misfortune to kill his friend. From the blood of Hyacinthus 
pnog up the flower called the Hyacinth, on the leaves of which are supposed 
D appear the Greek letters A.I. , signifying alas ! alas ! Shakspeare varies 
w story, saying — 

" And in bis blood that on the ground lay spilled 
A purple flower sprimg up, chequered with white. 
Resembling well his pale cheeks and the blood 
Which in round drops upon their whiteness stood." 

^^ the legends of the ancients we pass to the superstitions of the medi- 
^ times. In Marigold, or Mary's gold, we have a witness to that undue 
^''fiiation of the mother of our Lord, which in these latter days have 
^hed such extreme limits. I have always very much admired the Passion 
^^w. It is a most graceful, and, so to speak, artistic flower, but it i& 
^''^ the Passion flower because there is thought to be in it a resemblance 
'decrown of thorns and the letters I.H.S. In conclusion, let me say 
J^t whilst conscious that this is but a paper just touching the fringe of the 
*^j^, I offer no apology for the simplicity of the illustrations. I have 
'Posely chosen familiar and wayside flowers ; for let us remember that 
^Qi these the more gorgeous and stately inhabitants of the gardea «.tLd 

136 8T. sayioub's fuee church of enqlakd, uttlkhaxptov. 

conBerratory are derived. Scientific men tell us that oata^ whsati ai 
barley have been developed from common grass. Every gardener kAon 
iiiat in flowers there has been and is a siniilar development ; and who «■ 
say what forms of beauty and grace may gladden the eyes of those who ihiE 
live iu this planet a thousand years hence ? There is aometbing mj 
interesting iu this fact. The gardeners watchword ia progress. Ik 
gardener's aim is perfection. Thus, his calling ia suggestive of moral hI 
spiritual culture ; the nurture of those flowers and fruita of grace whkk 
alone can fit one to enter what the Welsh call the " white world," when 

" Everlasting fq)riDg abides. 
And never*withering' flowers.*' 

miS t^je ^KVLX of St. Plars'0. 

A PABAGRAFH recently appeared in the local paper, copied from 4l 
Church TimeSf on Church affairs at Littlebampton, in which, after speddig 
of the "simple services " in the pariah church, it waa stated that ''th«i 
simple services are distasteful to a few parishioners, who have obtained thi 
Vicar's consent to build a wooden church, in which the services are to beef 
the approved fashion of twenty-five years ago. The building is to hoU 
about 200. In addition to thin, an attempt has been made to start a edui' 
matical Free Church of England (so-called), and services have been cutiii 
on in a billiard-room at one of the inns. They have selected a site to buM 
a church upon, but, considering the average evening congregation now ii 
about 80 or 90, it remains to be seen whether or no this heretical ni 
schismatical sect will gain ground. Many of their supporters have alrei^l 
fallen away after discovering that their Prayer-book is not exactly the BUM 
as ours." 

To this the Rev. P. Norton has replied as follows : — 

Sir, — In your hut week's paper appeared a paragraph copied from tVa 
Chutch Times concerning the Vicar and St. Saviour's Free Church. I kiw' 
from experience that it would be useless to write to the Church limes to tik 
them to correct the mis-statements in the said paragraph ; and therefore be^ 
the favour of a little space in your columns. The writer, who it appean » 
the Vicar himsof, speaks of the ** simple services " at the parish church. I 
shall leave this question of simplicity to be settled by those who are ^ 
witnesses of these services ; merely remarking that, judging from the foei 
that on *' Corpus Christi Day *' services were held in connectitm with t^j 
most advanced of the Ritualistic Societies, " the Confraternity of the BlesBed 
Sacrament," one would not expect ** simple services." The Vicar alludei to 
the proposed "wooden church" and then says : ** In addition to this aj 
attempt has been made to start a schismatical Free Church of England. 
No stranger would from this suppose, what is really the fact, that the FfW 
Church of England came to the rescue when Protestant Churchmen hej 
exhausted every other resource, and that consent for the wooden churfltt 
scheme was given by the Vicar only with the view of crushing our movenW** 
These are comparatively trifl'ng errors ; but there are three statements whkh 
must not be allowed to pass. 

1st. — It is asserted that our services are carried on in a bilUard-WOB- 
Tliis is not the case. We meet in an Assembly Room where lectnreetf® 
given and flower shows held. Surely those who turn churches into HoweJ 
shows cannot object to the latter. Before the Free Church of Bnglj** 
began, nine months ago, there was a billiard-table in the room, ^^^.^' 
Stedman kindly had it removed, and it has not been there since. Billi»'"' 


•ye at some time deeply impressed the Vicar's mind it seems^ so the poor 
0119 IB not forgiven. 

Shid. — '^ Many of their supporters," says the Vicar, *' have already fallen 
ray after discovering that their Prayer-book is not exactly the same as 
OB." This is an extraordinary statement. From the very &rst the Revision 

the Prayer Book has been brought before the congregation — the Book is 
Id at three shops in the town, and a card with the names of the noble 
resident and other officers of tJie Society has been and is displayed upon 
le wall of the Assembly Boom. A Revised Prayer-book has been used in 

3rd — The Vicar describes us as *Hhis heretical and schismatical sect.*" 
eretical we are not, for we teach the doctrines of the Thirty-nine Articles, 
bich are the doctrines of the Church of England. Schismatical we are not, 
»cording to the dictum of Archbishop JLaud himself, who said '^ They are 
ke schismatics who cause the schism." 

The Vicar appears to know the exact number of our congregation. This 

more than I do. I know that frequently the room is full, and that this 

lonth our communicants are more than before, but I should object to count 

le people. Numbers are nothing to God, they ought to be nothing to God's 

linisters, the promise is '^ where two or three." 

I am obliged to the Vicar for making it known that we have secured an 
Koellent site. Your readers will be interested to learn that we are this week 
UTertising for builder's tenders for the erection of the nave and side-aisle of 
bediurch. Contributions to the Building Fund are earnestly desired. It 
I Tory gratifying to > be able to say that the work here has the sympathy of 
lany Evangelical clergy. 1 have received kind letters and donations from 
loro than ten Rectors and Vicars. One learned man, not rich in silver and 
old, has generously sent me twelve copies of an excellent work, the proceeds 
f which are to go to the Building Fund. 

The fact that Mr. Rumball consents to what he had long refused, mis* 
epresents us in the Church TimeSf and piteously appeals for an assistant 
' priest " to come to the rescue, is the best proof of the success of our work, 
nd should be the most convincing reason to induce Pratestant Churclmien 
strengthen our hands in God. — Faithfully yours, 

Philip Nortoik. 

[We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions expressed by our "_ 



To the Editor of the Free Church of England Magazine. , 

Sir, — The recent decision in the '^Ridsdale case" cannot give much 
tt&fsction to earnest Evangelical Churchmen. The sanction given to the 
"Eastward position " is, to say the least of it, a lamentable state of things. 
pi« doctrine may still be taught — the Popish poison inculcated — and Sacer- 
jotaKsm tolerated in the midst of an avowed Protestant establishment. 
1^ truly say, in the excellent leader which appears in this month's 
«ijMt'«, " that Evangelical brethren who rejoice over it are very thankful 
wtmall mercies." It must not be forgotten that Sacerdotalism rests mainly 
<nth6 Sacramental system. Apost<ilic succession is the root of the mischief ; 
^ it is the belief in " priestly pretentions " that is unprotestantizing the 
^orch of England. To assert that the validity of a sacrament depends on 
*8 consecrating power vested in certain ordained men, is ** a weapon of 
™»«idouB force '* in priestly hands. All this would be consistent enough 
**^ the idolatrous Church of Rome — a Church that maintains the sacrifiLct) ot 


the Mass, and which olaims the Churches' Head, to be Christ's Vicv on 
earth — but it is neither in the New Testament, nor tanght in the Artickirf 
the Reformed Church of England. Ultramontane teaching, such as wehin 
witnessed proceed from Dr. Pusey and the Oxford school, ought to kn 
been checked long ago. If the people had been well indoctrinated vitk 
the TKUE FAITH and had understood the deep laid conspiracy to Bomiini 
the national religion, much could ha^e been done to stay the eviL BotI 
fear it is now too late. Nothing short of " Disestablishment " will fmtiili 
the traitorous designs of Ritualistic priests. 

That the '* Free Church of England " may grow and become a pomrfd 
instrumentality for good is the sincere wish of— -Yours very truly^ 

82, Bloomsbury, Birmingham, June 4, 1877. Thomas H. Astox. 

[All conimnnications for this department m%utt he iteiU direct to tlie Editor^ Ntw 
Maldeiiy Surrey j not later than the ISth of the month,] 

BATH. — Countess of Huntingdon's Chapsl. 
The Bible, Greek, and other classes belonging to this chapel, with ilii 
Pastor, the Rev. W. E. Darby and friends, held a pic-nic on the 2]it 
of May last at the estate of the Marquis of Lansdowne, Bowood Park, Witt& 
His lordship very kindly opened his beautiful private grounds for thflir 
enjoyment, and ordered the waterfalls and fountains to be set in play. A 
verv happy day was spent. The classes, at their meeting for prayer on Jodb 
11th, presented the Kev. W. E. Darby with a well-selected and soitabb 
parcel of books and beautifully illuminated address, full of kind wishes, lad 
expressing their esteem and confidence. 

CHELTENHAM.— North Place Church. 
The Annual Sermons in behalf of the Sunday-school were preached \ij 
the Rev. W. Marshall Leimoz, on May 13th. A Service of Song was gives 
by the Sunday scholars, aud repeated on Monday evening. The school 
continues to flourish, its numbers being almost double what they were two 
years ago. 

EXETER. — Christ Church Free Church or England. 
On Thursday evening the congregation of this place of worship mbt te 
welcome home the Rev. J. Wonnacott, who has been at Lynmouth two 
months on account of ill-health. There were about one hundred revt^' 
sentatives of the congregation present, and the following address, beaatiially 
illuminated by Mr. White, and handsomely framed, was presented : — "Be^* 
and dear Sir, — We, the undersigned members of the Free Church of Bng- 
land, worshipping at Christ Church, Grosvenor Place, St. Sidwell*s, deiiw 
on behalf of the congregation most earnestly and sincerely to congratoU^ 
you on your safe return home, as we trust, with renewed health aw 
strength, to prosecute, with the Divine assistance, your many labouif ^ 
love and the faithful preaching? of God's Word. Surrounded as we are ^f 
Churches of a Ritualistic character, we feel that it is an inestimable blesliDg 
to have at our Church a plain and simple sesvice, in which all can heartOy 
join, and hear without distraction of thought the welcome tidings of* 
Saviour's love. We cannot forget that we are indebted to you, also, for thj 
exertions you have made to have our church repaired and enlargedi »^ 
rendered more suitable for the glorious purposes for which it was dedicate^ 
We congratulate you on the completion of this work by the liquidation/* 
the debt, and we conceive this to be a fitting opportunity for our declsriD^ 
our sincere attachment to your ministry, and the benefit and help we bftYt* 


d from it. We pray that the Divine blessing may continue to rest upon 
fork, and that you may be spared many years to minister unto us the 
of Life .-T- We are, Be v. and dear Sir, your sincere friends in Christ 
" . (Signatures follow.) — The presentation was made on behalf of 
present by Mr. Silvester. — Mr. Wonnacott, in responding, thanked 
smbers of the church, and expressed a hope that he should be long 
. to work amongst them. He should prize their gift more highly from 
dings which had induced them to present it to him than for its in- 
value. He trusted that all would do their utmost to assist him in 
ork of the Church, and in promoting the Sunday-schools. It had 
ong his desire to make all the sittings in the church free, and he 
this suggestion of his would before long have practical results. His 
was to bring together a larger congregation, which might easily be 
n so large a parish. — Exeter Gazette. 

NEW MALDEN.— Teinity Febe Ohuech op England. 
e Pastorate of this Church being vacant, the Revs. Professor Bradshaw , 
enny Crory, J. Wilkie, and B. A. Williams, have been the preachers 
I the last month. 

PUTNEY. — Emmanuel Feee Chuech op England. 
rmons were preached in this church on Sunday, 17th June, and the 
ions, which amounted to £12 6s. 7d., are to be divided between the 
tal for Incurables and the Hospital Sunday Fund. 

PEDDINGTON. — Cheist Chuech Feee Chuech op England. 
M. Inspector of Schools has made the following report on the schools 
3ted with this Church, for the year ending March 31st, 1877. Girls : 
I reading and writing are very well taught, but the arithmetic of the 
classes requires attention. The children are all neat, orderly, and in- 
)nt, and are in excellent tone ; the music and geography are good, and 
^lework is thoroughly well and judiciously taught." Boys : ^* The 
ig and writing are satisfactory ; the arithmetic is rather weak ; discipline 
rder are very fair, and the instruction creditable, under the circum- 
« of the teaching staff. The average attendance is 61, and the whole 
e six standards are taught by the master. More reading books are 
red." A solid oak brass-mounted stationery case, bearing a suitable 
ption, was, together with a purse, presented to Bishop Sugden, on 
lesday, June 20, as a summer holiday present, by the members of his 
egation. Not only were the Bishop's usual hearers prompt to avail 
lelves of this opportunity of giving *' a slight mark of their esteem,'* 
. few other villages were allowed to participate, on their representing 
t was a pleasure and a privilege to join in the gift to one who was so 
rsally respected in Teddington. The Bishop's acknowledgments was as 

rs: — **My dear Mr. , Allow me most sincerely to thank you, and 

gh you the many kind friends who have contributed to the generous 
Qt for a holiday tour, and in addition to the paper and envelope case, 
I will remain with me as a treasured souvenir of their good wishes." 
>p Sugden preached, morning and evening, at Christ Church, on behalf 
3 hospital funds, on June 1y (Hospital Sunday). Many of the con- 
tioD are out of town, still the collections amounted to £15. The annual 
xiptions for the salary of the Teddington City Missionary, Mr. Green- 
^ who does great good, and is much liked in the place, are novir due, and 
be paid to the Treasurer, Miss Thomas, I, Carlton Villas, Park-road. 

WHEELTON.— St. Paul's Free Chuech op England. 
he aannal School Sermons, in connection with the above Church, were 
shed on Sunday, June 3rd. The Rev. J. Trotter, the Incumbent, 
3hed in the morning from the words, ^' The memory of the just is 
nd." The Bev. S. Williams, a native minister from Sierra LeonOy 
ched afternoon and evening. The occasion was made the op^ottv]ca\V9 ^^ 



uncovering a liandRome and neatly executed tablet, containing a bnit of ttt 
late Peter Todd, Esq., to whose memory it is affectionately iuscribed. Tha 
inscription on the tablet is, " In memory of Peter Todd, bom Kebmary 7tii| 
181G, died September 25th, 1874. This tablet is placed here by his woik- 
peoplti an<l frieiidn. ' The memory of the just is blessed.' " Mr. Trottoi^ 
sermon ha<l special reference to the uncovering of Mr. Todd's tablet, and be 
took occasion to spenk in high praise of the kind, generous, manly Gbristiai 
character of Mr. Todd. The words of the preacher were not intended raere^ 
as an eulogy, but used to stimulate his hearers to exercise in their daily life 
those just qualities which made the memory of this man so beloved. As Mr. 
Trotter truly observed, ^'The foundation of such a character was to be f oond 
in his strong religious principles. These were the elements of the solid roc^ 
on which it was built, for when the rains descended and the floods came 
and the winds blew, the piety of his character remained unshaken. ** The 
people were much pleased with the sermons by Mr. Williams. The Choreh 
was crowded, and the collections amounted to about i:57< 

WOODMANCOTE.— Countess op Huntinodon's Ohafbl. 
On Whit-Monday the scholars of this branch station of North Flaee 
Church, Cheltenham, were examined and received their prizes. The Rev. W. 
Marshall Lennox afterwards gave a lecture on " Difficulties," tp an andisnoe 
which filled the chapel to overflowing. Mr. Brownsett presided. The 
customary thanks were awarded to the lecturer, ohairmany and to those who 
had presided at tea and decorated the chapel. 




7 3 

RochdaU, — Per Rev. R. Lovetf, M.A. 
Collections ntSr. Stephen's.. .£20 6 8 

Do. Public Meeting at do.. 7 
Donation — Holland - street 

School 2 

Mrp. Heapo 1 

,, Howarth' 

Mr. D. Howarth 

Mrs. Hoyle 

„ Lord 

Miss Lnpton 

Mm. Ritff? 

Mr. C. J. Roberts 

W. Robeits 


Mrs. T»»e 

„ Mitcbell 

Miss Duckworth 














Mrs. Haresceneh 4 9 

Mr. Harescengh 4 9 

Mrs. Jones 4 

£34 8 I 

Cheshuwt Colleye. — Rev. Dr. Reynolds 

Collectiou 4 

Dr. Reynolds 1 1 • 

£5 1 
Spa Melds. 

W. Lia^, Esq £100 • 

Brighton. — Per Rev. J. B. FI^kis, K.^ 

Collection £14 15 « 

Ditto at Public Meeting 6 59 

£20 I 


Mf. G. Somfrs. Toronto.— Thfl Articles of Uni n were not onlv puMftod by t^'C GenorilOflwA 
hnt nlMo Hi^ncd h\ the high hev. Bishop Cuniinins, ihj flivt i-rehiding biiihop. 

Mr. S. R. GKOVE.-Thf»'cliiam of the Fr o Church of England for the use of SchooUii F*" 
lUhe I at 111., and may bo liad of Mfssra. Partridge, Paterii08te -row. 

T. R- — The old btate service for the SOlh January was rescinded in 1859. 

Ma. G. Maktis — Utid ubtciiy in the ancient Church piesbyte h wura allowed to oonfirm ft»r^ 

• 'pIu) . Stj •• Lishop B ruot on the Thirty-niae Articloi," and '*B ogham's iDtiqait* 

bookxii. ch. ii. 
M. A. T.— W« shall bo ^ ery pleased to r«wid your M.S., but we cannot possibly engage to pfi«*it 
MiHB J EPSuN.— Thanks for your k nd note. Probably it will be repriutHd in a amall vnloma. 
Rbceivko.— Rev J. R. S , utv. J. Nash, Mr. P. W. Wilhtocks. R v. T. Dodd, M--. Onwf'tiJ^ 

T. II Aston, Hev. T. E. 'Ihorflsby Rev. A. S. Richardson, Rev. P. £9orton. Mr. £. (?«•■* 

Proicssor lJiad>, Kev. J. Trotter. „ 


AUGUST, 1877. 

HE Protestant public owe a debt of gratitude to a few members of 
Souses of the Legislature, for the manly efforts they have made to 
;he swelling torrent of Tractarianism, which has already swept away 
any of the blessed principles of the Reformation out of the 
lislied Church of this country. 

ut, highly as we prize such rare proofs of courage, and fidelity to the 
stant cause, as those which have endeared to us the names of Ebury, 
jsbury, Redesdale, Oranmore, and a few others, we can entertain no 
fot' their success, so long as the laity of the Church continue to show 
tion to such derilection of duty on the part of the Archbishops and 
ps, and such apathy and collusion on the part of the secular Peers, 
•rd Oranmore has so plainly pointed out, in his letter to the Dailj/ 
-aph of the 14th ultimo. 

fter stating that he had, '* five years ago and several times since, 
1 the attention of the House of Lords " to the priests' book on the 
asional, and " also to ' Little Books for the Young,' teaching the 
disgusting system of confession to children," Lord Oranmore 
:ly charges the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of Peter- 
igh, and several of the Peers, whom he specially names, with 
oained opposition to his own proposed clause in the Public Worship 
to prevent the use of confession-boxes in the Church ; — " the intro- 
on of which into several Churches, the Primate " had " instanced as 
f the reasons why the Bill was necessary ; and then," says his Lord- 
'* I was obliged to yield to the clamour of noble lords, whose friends 
ilatives hear or attend confession." Further on, he deals with the 
lence of auricular confession among "the ladies of the upper ranks," 
he wicked way the execrable and demoralizing practice is ^'forced 
the children of the poor, through schools under the dlr^etvoxi ol tW 

142 ORDERS. 

clergy." But tbe most importaDt and most withering part of his letter, 
is that in which he exposes the want of sincerity and fidelity in tte 
Bishops, no matter what they may say against the Romish practices cf 
their clergy ; and in which he proves that they have *' absolute power," it 
several ways, which he specifies, to pat a stop to those practices ; iMt 
that, so far from exercising it, they have selected ttie Romanizers "for 
their approval in many Dioceses." 

What further proof can we desire of the sympathy of the Prdetei 
with the Popish Priests in the Church, than that which even tbe Priouto 
of all England himself has given within the last few days, in his colpaUe 
parleying with Mr. Tooth, the defiant brealjer of the laws of both Chnrdi 
and State ? 

The fact is, it all amounts to this : Preach what doctrines yon please; 
intrpduce new ceremonies if you will ; assume all tbe rights and awfol 
prerogatives of absolvmg, sacrificing priests ; sap tbe very foundations of 
Protestantism, and bow the neck to Home ; but do it quietly, and, abofe 
all, keep up tbe pomp and privileges of the Church, no matter hot 
polluted that Church may have become by such priestly treachery. 

By Bishop Sugden. 

** Whether any do inquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellovo-helper eoncsrfS»$ 
you : or our brethren be inquired of they are the messengers of the Churchett ni 
the glory of Christ," ^-c— 2 CoR. viii. 23, 24. 

The word " order ** is used to express the idea of regular disposition» 
methodical arrangement. It is further used to describe a class, grade, or 
condition of persons. In its plural form the word has come into commoi 
use, to set forth the conditions of the Christian ministry. Thus, a nuB 
who is solemnly designated for any duty in the holy ministry of the 
Church, is, in our common language, said to be in *' Holy OrdersJ* The 
Christian Church acknowledges no difference of standing between nua 
and man, in the sight of God. It is o, family ^ of which God is the Father, 
and in which all are equally brethren, ^^ children of God;" it is a;w% 
in which all are alike citizens, and in which the Supreme Ruler and King is 
God. Yet, for teaching, discipline, government, the avoidance of confasioft 
in worship and work, it seemed good to the Holy Ghost to bestow certain 
spiritual gifts adapted to the performance of certain duties, and to 
require that certain persons should be chosen and designated to 
exercise those gifts, and to discharge those duties. Thus it i* 
written : " And He gave some (to be) Apostles ; and some (to be) 
Prophets; and some (to be) Evangelists; and some (to be) Pastors 
and Teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the 
ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ, till we all come b 

ORDERS. 143 

the nnity of the faith, and of the kaovrledi^e of the Son of God, 
DDto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of 
Christ," &c. Ephes. iv. 11-16. Both, the offices, and the men to fill 
them, were given of God. In 1 Cor. xii., the diversity of gift and 
minifitry is plainly shown. It is not by any means clear what offices of 
ninistry in the Church were intended to be special and temporary, and 
irhat were meant to be permanent. Possibly the matter was left undeter- 
nined, that the Church might be at full liberty to exercise its prayerful 
adgment, and to adapt its arrangements to every occasion and circum- 
tance and condition of society. All that we know certainly, is 
hat some offices were held and exercised with freedom under divine 
Itfeetion. When the extraordinary and miraculous gifts frequent in 
be early Churches, had gradually ceased, certain duties of a perma- 
ent character remained to be discharged, and men were continually 
lised up, gifted by God, and set apart for their due perform- 
Dce. What these duties were is a question of serious importance 
D the Church of God, and the only guide and authority is the 
ispu*ed Word. -Subordinate evidence and illustrative attestations are, 
doubt, to be found in the earliest history and records of the Church, 
Qd they are entitled to most careful attention, and should have their due 
'eight ; yet, as the Church was corrupted even in Apostolic times, we need 
> accept statements and precedents drawn from its history and its unin- 
)ired writers with caution. In any case, the principles laid down by 
ispired Apostolic men must be our chief guide and authority. 

Our Blessed Lord and Saviour, the only Head and Ruler of the Church, 
iose Twelve Apostles, including the one who had a devil ; and also the 
Bventy whom He sent out, two and two, on a temporary mission. The 
welve obtained a prominent position in the primitive Church. On 
le apostacy of Judas, after the Ascension but before the Pentecost, 
^e vacant place among them as witnesses of the Resurrection, was sup- 
lied by the choice of Matthias, who was one of two set up by popular 
Dmination, and who after special prayer and the use of the sacred 
•t, was " numbered with the eleven Apostles." Though " the Twelve 
^ so distinguished, it seems that neither the designation of ^^ Apostle, 
w indeed the office, was absolutely limited to them. Saul was divinely 
hofien an Apostle ; Barnabas is spoken of as such ; as were others also 
^ore or less distinctly. The very fact that false claims to the Apostleship 
fere repeatedly made, points to the probability that the office of an 
apostle was not so restricted, as has been usually supposed. 

The question, how many orders there are in the Christian Church 
7 divine appointment is not an easy question to answer ; perhaps on 
W very account, it is not an important question. The poll deed of the 
' We Church of England settles the matter authoritatively that there are 
^two; and the Epistle to the Philippians, if tbe PbWvp^mw. CiWtOck 


144 0RDKB8. 

constitution were a rigid model allowing of no variation, would 
or less support this decision. In this case, the various officers des 
elsewhere as Apostle^ Prophet, Evangelist, Angel, Elder, &c., &;c,ii 
be obsolete, or, be included in the one or the other designation of I 
or Deacon. The Philippian Church does not, however, appear t< 
been intended or set forth as a strict model ; the Apostles used 
and variety ; for other New Testament Churches had officers otl 
designated — e.g,^ some had an Angel — i.e., Messenger"" or Aposth 
others had prophets and evangelists, &c. There were elders app 
by Titus in every city of Crete by Apostolic authority. Under 
sanction Timothy set apart in Ephesus Bishops and Deacons, and p 
may have been himself the first Angel of that Church. Titus and Ti 
whilst in office, are never described either as Elders or Deacons, 
were '' in orders," but appear as exercising the duty or office of del 
of the Apostle Paul The Apostle, if we may receive the words oi 
as applying to his brother Apostles as well as to himself, was a 
Eldei' or Bishop. Peter had, however, the care of many Charche 
also had others of the Apostles; whilst some of them, as Jam 
John, seem to have been more closely identified with particular Cti 
and with their fellow presbyters. 

If the word " orders '* be used to signify only ojgUce or duty, th 
certainly more than two orders, and there might be twenty \ 
offence. If it be used to denote rank^ as if one Christian ma 
elevated above his fellows, or one officer were raised above his 
officers for any other end than the glory of God and the good 
Church, it is a false and anti-Christian term. The Apostles \\ 
joyed, if any might claim it, the first place and authority in the ( 
were strictly charged not to exalt themselves over one another ; ai 
taught that the humblest was the greatest, that the last should 1 
and that the servant of all should be the most distinguished of Qod 
were not to be called " Rabbi " or " Master," and they were tai 
render the lowliest service to each other, and to all their brethren, 
ing the lead of Him who had washed the feet of every one c 
Judas included. One of their number inculcated on the elders n( 
" lords over God's heritage," but to be " ensamples to the flock 
added : " And when the Chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall re 
crown of glory that fadeth not away " (1 Pet. v. 3, 4). The . 
Peter evidently thought little of orders in the sense of grades, n 
dignities, but much of them in relation to duty, spirit, and obed; 
Christ. The number of orders was too insignificant a point to en 
his calculation, but that every man in his own office should serve 
humility of mind was a great consideration with him and his 

{To he coutiiucec?. ^ 


|0ttin0S torn anx '§.att'^aaK 

lOF SuoDEN preached at St. John's Free Ohorch of England, South- 
;, on Sunday, July 15th. 

Paignton, in Devonshire, the state of Chnrch matters is most unsatis- 
and it would be well, in the interest of Evangelical Truth, if Free 
of England services were opened there. 

1 Barrow ReroM gives an account of a valedictory lecture delivered 
Rev. J. Dunning in the Town Hall, when an illuminated addresa 
rse of gold was presented to him, as a parting recognition of his 
I in Barrow and Fiimess. The list of subscribers includes the names 
rrace the Duke of Devonshire, Sir J. Kamsden, the |i£ayor, and others. 
lOP Fallowes arrived in England from New York on July 4th. 
ow on the Continent. He preaches at Christ Church Free Church 
land, Teddington, August 12tb, and will, in company with Bishop 
who was appointed at the last General Council of the Reformed 
)al Church delegate to the Free Church of England, attend the 
\ meeting on the 14th to discuss the terms of union between the 
ed Episcopal Church and the Free Church of England, 
bhe fifth General Council of the Reformed Episcopal Church, held at 
ilphia. Bishop Cridge presented a report, giving a full account of his 
the Free Church of England last autumn. He speaks in high terms 
eception he met with, and records his Episcopal acts during his stay 
it us. He refers to the consecration of our Bishops, and says : ^' Our 
ind forms are not of so much importance in the eyen of those who are 
they seem to those who are seeking freedom. In any other view we 
not the weight of a feather to the ' sucession.' We have given this 
Tree Church, and this act of our Council has been hailed by them, not 
», like children, they are pleased with a new thing, but because, while 
tnts the union between the two bodies, it gives them influence with 
iservative element, which has a force in England unlmown perhaps 


Ritualistic Conspiracy. London : the Office of the Rock, Aldersgate-street. 
L'TALES are not, as a rule, very desirable companions. Bat there are safe 
Qoarable exceptions to this, as to other roles; and the little "tell-tale 
Bt," entitled *' The Ritualistic Conspiracy" is one of the safest and most 
ble. There is nothing malicious in any of its revelations, although the 
t unfolds are so shocking and shameful that they will be sore to send many a 

sorrow through the hearts of multitades of Christians, no matter what may 
particular branch of the great Protestant Church to which they belong ; nor 
f fail to crimson the cheeks of all true Churchmen and Charchwomen with a 
i blush of shame and indignation. 

priestly names on the rolls of four distinct Sacerdotal Societies in the 
hed Church of England (inclading those of the blasphemously-dabbed 
y of the Holy Cross"), and their Romanizing objects, both secret and 
, are herein set forth, together with the < dishonourable |and ''demoralizing 
they employ to promote the one grand object of all their nefarious plots — viz., 
ruction of Protestantism in England and the world, and the establishment of 
jO'Spiriittal mpremacy and Sacerdotal tyranny over all classes of the people. 

cannot better express oar sense of the eminent services which this little 
et is calculated to confer on the commanity at large, but more especially on 
irch of England, than by saying we would greatly rejoice to learn that it had 
ts way into every Protestant hoasehold in the United Kingdom, and had been 
y read by every member of each family, who is capable of understanding the 
perils to which not only the Christian Faith, bat the morals, of both young 
. are constantly exposed, who are inflaenced in any way whatever, by the per- 
and polluted teaching of the Puseyite Priests. 



A LEADING article in the Mancliester Guardian of July 4th, referring to 
the recent consecration of Dr. Gregg at New York, quotes a passage fimi 
the New York Herald^ in which it is stated that '^ there are many icsttend 
flocks in the United Kingdom that will be ^lad to have a Church that ■ 
Liturgical and Episcopal and Protestant and Evangelical, stripped of all Pn- 
latical and Sacramentarian and Ritualistic pretensions '' ; and the editnr d 
the Guardian adds, ^' Of course the reference liere is to the Free Churrk of 
England congregationSf which have hitlvcrto, as we m^utt suppose^ been obUgdk 
carry on tlieir work witho-at Episcoptd siipervision of any kind. At lesBt, we 
cannot remember having at any time heard of a bishop or bishops 7aWi>f 
in connection with tlve denomination. Now, however, they will have abieliop 
at their disposal, if they care to avail themselves of bis services, and it liU 
be interesting to watch the development of the movement under this net 
influence. " 

This shows how little the character and work of the Free Ohurch of Eof- 
land is understood by the editor of the Guardian, The Secretary, howefoi^ 
in a letter, dated «fuly 7th, corrected this statement, and informed the 
readers of the Guardian that *' the Free Church of England is essentially n 
Episcopal Church, and has always been under Episcopsd supervision ; that 
Bishop Price was no stranger to Manchester, having consecrated sevHiI 
churches in the neighbourhood." " Until recently, however," he adds, 
*^ Bishop Price was the only bishop in the Free Church of England; 
but on the 20th of August last, the Rev. John Sugden, B.A., of Teddingioii 
was consecrated at Christ Church, Lambeth, the Right Rev. Bishop Oridge, of 
British Columbia, joining in the ceremony. The Free Church of England 
most emphatically repudiates the doctrine of Apostolic Succession as convey* 
ing any spiritual power, but its members set some value upon the historiMl 
succession of their Episcopacy. The consecration of Bishop Gregg was not 
therefore necessary to give to the Free Church of England a bishop ; but 
the Reformed Episcopal Church, as well as the Free Church of Englandi 
with which it is in federative union, are preparing for vigorous action, and 
it is not improbable that other bishops in connection with these Chaichtf 
will be consecrated.'' 

Annual €anbacuixon d il^t ^ut €^nxcl( oi (SngW. 

This, the 15th Convocation of the Free Church of England, was held it 
Spa Fields on Tuesday, June 26. The Rev. Bishop Price presided. Tlw» 
were present Bishop Sugden; the Rev. T. E. Thoresby, of Spa Field% 
the Rev. G. Jones, Tunbridge Wells; Rev. J. Brunskill, St. Johnai 
Tottington j Rev. F. Newman, Christ Church, Willesborough ; Bef. 
G. J. H. Llewellyn, Holy Trinity, Ledbury; Rev. J. Renny, Trini^f 
Church, Ludlow ; Rev. J. B. Figgis, M.A., Brighton ; Rev. J. MUeff ! 
St. Stephen's, Middleton ; Rev. H. O. Meyers, Emmanuel Church, Pntneyi 
Rev. Geo. Mackey, St. Paul's, Cardiff ; Rev. T. Dodd, Worcester ; Rev. J- 
Trotter, St. Paul's, Wheelton ; Rev. H. Webb Smith, Christ Church, High 
Wycombe; Revs. VV. H. flines, S. J. C. Dicksee, C. Freeman, J. VVilkw* 
G. W. Crory, E. J. Boon, C. Knowles ; Rev. Professor Bradshaw, &c,&^'* 
also Messrs. T. L. Wilson, Hugh Roberte, R. Harris, F. S. Merryweather, 
J. Monk, F. W. Willcocks, H. T. Sugden, W. H. Simms, Sawyer, <fco., Af. 




respecting the latter : — 


"the bidsdal£ judgment 

15 caused great commotion, and a variety of opinions have been expressed, 
le Okurch Association glorying in what they call a great victory, and the 
inglisb Church Union rejoicing that their main point of contention, the 
iutward position, has been left an open question. As outsiders and im- 
artial observers, we are bound to say that this, as all the previous judgments, 
as been a compromise. The crucial question has been left open ; so it was 
1 the Gorham case, and in the Bennet judgment ; a loop-hole is left by 
bich these enemies of a Protestant Church might escape : and so they escape, 
ith their wings somewhat clipped, indeed, but not sufficiently to prevent 
leir flight Homeward. While the Church Association is celebrating its 
iamph, the Ritualists are hurling defiance at their opponents and buckling 
1 their armour for a fiercer battle. Canon Byle thinks that they have saved 
ie Church from destruction, but is careful to qualify the statement by saying 
lat he does not profess to see beyond his time. Even Canon Byle does not 
«into have much confidence in the future of the Church, but considers, of 
•ame, that secession is not yet ; the time has not come for that. None knew 
titer than the Judicial Committee, that the Ritualists had nailed their 
lours to the mast-head of the Eastward position, and that a condemnation 

that position would at once have broken up the Church ; or, on the other 
uid, had it been confirmed, it would have driven out the Evangelicals : so to 
liet both it leaves the question an open one. But ' What concord hath Christ 
Ith Belial V Peace will never be secured by such means. It may produce 
hollow truce, but the war will break out again ; light and darkness cannot 
ingle, truth and error cannot fraternize, nor can Protestantism and I^opery 
veil together in peace. 
** In spite of the Church Association, 


id is gradually undermining the foundations of our Protestantism. We are 
the presence of a foe that must be met by other weapons than that of 
w, and by other agencies than that of Church Associations. It is well, no 
mbt, to know what the law is, but that knowledge will go but a little way 
wards rooting out Ritualistic practices from our Churches. What is 
anted is a power to grapple with the evil on the spot, and not in the Judicial 
immittee, or Lord Penzance's Court. And the question is, ' Have we not 
i|t hold of the right thine; to this end ? ' Yes, despite our weaknesses and 
ilures, have we not hold of the kind of instrumentality calculated to effect 
»e object in view 1 Is it not our work to supplant error with truth ? to meet 
ke foe on his own ground ? To plant the standard of Protestantism in the 
sry teeth of Rome ? To bring the Bible and the Gospel to the very doors of 

16 people, and undermine the sacerdotalism of the locality 1 That is our 
ork ; and if we had j)aid more attention to it and less to secondary questions, 
6 should not have had to cry out today, 'my leanness, my leanness.' 
he Bible won the Reformation, and the Bible only can retain it among us. 
"he unfurling of the Gospel banner and the bold and faithful preaching of 
^'s Holy Word was the instrumentality which rolled back the errors of 
'opery in the sixteenth century, and efl'ectually checked and rebuked the 
whemous pretensions and progress of Rome, and poured in upon Europe 
be light of truth ; and it is by the same instrumentality that Rome must be 
ow checked and kept in abeyance, and the Reformation be not only upheld 
^ extended, the work of the Reformers completed, and Protestantism be 
i^Med on an immovable basis. We must, meet superstition and infidelity 
^e with the Bible in our hands, confident in its ultimate triumph. We 
•ttrt fall back on the old motto, ' The Bible, and the Bible only, is the 
'•figion of Protestants.' 

" The year has not been an uneventful one to ourselves, and it o>\%\it to 


mark an era in our future history. We had the pleasure of welGoming onr 


among us, as a delegate to this Convocation from the Beformed Epiioonl 
Church in America ; and he, by his courtesy and gentleness, no less thsn or 
his eminently Christian character, won the regaM and est^^em of all vuL 
whom be came in contact during his brief visit. During his stay he deliveni 
an admirable address to this Convocation, and afterwards consecrated two ol 
our bishops; and last, though not least, preache<l in his Episcopsl roba 
from tho pulpit of Spa Fields' Chapel. When I heard of it, I could not hel{ 
regretting that the good Countess of Huntingdon had not been alive to gift 
him the hearty welcome which she would be sure to have done, thon^ ] 
question if she could have given him a more hearty welcome than one of thf 
Trustees did, who assisted him in robing, I believe, and thus became my Lon 
Bishop's head man ! Another result of his visit is, that our ministry lui 
been raised to the level of other Episcopal Churches, not excepting that o 
the Church of England ; conferring upon it an authority which even T^ 
Churchmen cannot affoid to repudiate. Not that we consider onr miniib; 
one whit more valid now than it was before, for the validity of the ChruttuH 
ministry does not depend on any Episcopal consecration, but on a Dim 
appointment. Nevertheless, as by this means it has at least been sappon* 
to have placed us in a more advantageous position to do our work, and t 
meet the enemy in the gate, the event ought to be regarded with intenr 
and the year marked in our calendar as a red-letter day. 

^* Although, notwithstanding this supposed advantage, we have nc 
made as much progress during the past year as might have been expeotoc 
there is 


There never was yet any good thing set on foot for the glory of Goc 

that the devil did not endeavour to spoil, either through a vain phib 

sophy, or a corrupted Christianity, or internal divisions. He proToke 

David to number the people ; entered into Judas the more effectually I 

destroy the Saviour and nip Christianity in the bud, and afterwards soa)|^ 

to crush the infant Church in the cradle of her existence, by raising sadi 

storm of persecution in Jerusalem, as scattered the Disciples hither u 

thither. But * They that were scattered abroad, went everywhere presduu 

the Word.' And when all direct efforts failed, he turned Jesuit, u 

' transformed himself into an angel of light,' ^ and his ministers into til 

Apostles of Christ.' Under the garb of a saint, who would suspect a Jesuit 

in an angel of light who could detect a fiend of darkness ? His one aim^ 

to spoil §od's work and destroy truth. Every good work, therefore, in r 

early efforts especially, has had to struggle with difficulties innumenU 

neglect, ridicule, want of friends and of funds, contending for years for ma 

existence ! The ancient people of God * were much discouraged becaase < 

the way,' and St. Paul says that they were ^ cast down but not deatrofed 

* perplexed, but not in dispair.' Referring to the early years of its hiatoi; 

the London City Mission, in its Annual Report just out, says, ' That it wi 

almost withering for want of nourishment. It was struggling for existew 

amid its own weakness, and the opposition, neglect, and ridicule of li^ 

standers.' And then significantly adds, 'things were most discouraging atii 

beginning ; little patronage smiled on the scheme, little property enrieki 

its funds, little assistance was brought to its labours.' Every great mof 

ment, in fact, has been small in its beginnings and feeble in its effiit 

•What do these feeble Jews?' was the taunt of old. *Will they jMtB 

themselves V ' Will they make an end in a day ?' * Will they revive tf 

stones out of the heaps ?' * Even that which they do build, if a fox gonft * 


shall even break down their stone wall.' Lather never dreamt that ao simple 
a -fcliing as the nailing of his now celebrated theses to the church door, 
would result in a Reformation that would convulse Europe, and shake the 
Popedom to its very foundations. Charles of Bala never could have con-» 
cei v^ed the idea that his sudden impulse to visit the Tract Society's Committee 
l^eeting that Monday morning, would give rise to the formation of that 
greatest and most glorious of all our societies, *the British and Foreign 
Bil>le Society.' The tiny rivulet struggles with obstacles of all kinds in its 
early meanderings ; here with a boulder ; there with a rock stranding its 
Ibirmy stream ; and yonder with the root of a tree stretching out into the midst 
of its bed, and threatening its further progress. Here its bed is nearly dry, 
and yonder it is gathered again into a pool, escaping therefrom by the tiniest 
and feeblest of nils ; yet, amid all its obstructions it holds on its course, and, 
as it advances gathers to itself strength, receiving small contributions on its 
way to the sea. By and by it begins to make a noise, rattling over the 
boldeis, rushing through the rocks, and swelling out into a river at last, broad 
and deep and flowing ; and having overcome all its early struggles, bears on 
its iMsom the ships of all nations to their intended destination. ^ Despise 
not the day of small things ' ; ^ the little one shall become a thousand, and 
the small one a strong nation.' 

* ' Be not then appalled by difficulties, nor intimidated by opposition, nor 

retarded by obstacles, nor hindered by Satan, nor dispirited by weakness. 

* Be not faithless, but believing.' Arm yourselves for the conflict, for it is 

only beginning. God has given you work to do ; arise and do it— do it more 

earnestly, do it more humbly, more prayerfully, more thoroughly, more self- 

denyingly, and with more entire dependence on God, ^ without whom 

nothing is strong, nothing is holy,' for He alone can make us strong and 

successful. *Be not weary in well-doing,' and we * shall reap if we faint 

not.' " 

Besolved, on the motion of Bishop Sugden, seconded by the Rev. £L O. 
Meyers, *' That the best thanks of Convocation be given to the Bev. Bishop 
^ce for his valuable address." 

The Secretary laid on the table a list of the members of Convocation. 

The Minutes of the last Convocation were read. 

Mr. Merryweather, the Hon. Secretary, then presented the Annual 

Beport of the Council, in which it was stated that a new Iron Church had been 

, erected at Ludlow, so that the movement in that town has now assumed a 

iBore settled character. At 


Mrrices were opened, and, for some months, most successfully carried on 
^er the superintendence of the Bev. P. X. Eldridge. Recently, however, 
tl^ Committee of the congregation have chosen the Rev. Dr. Gregg, as their 
^iKuiuiter, and have decided to adopt the name of the '^ Reformed Episcopal 

Important service has been rendered by the inauguration of a 


"^ was commenced in the autumn of last year, under the energetic 
Mperintendence of the Rev. P. Norton. Since then, the Vicar, evidently 
wmed, and possibly in the hope of utterly discouraging the supporters of 
uke Free Church of England movement, has consented to the erection of a 
^^ temporary Church, in which, for the present, Evangelical services are 
j^* A warm attack has been kept up in the local papers against the Free 
^^ntrch of England by the Ritualists, to whom Mr. Norton has n<yt owL^ 


most ably replied, but has clearly Bhown the necessity that still exists for a 
Free Church of England. The Council tnists that Mr. Norton will be folly 
supported by all true-hearted Protestants of Littlehampton, in his aidaou, 
self-denying effort. 

The relations between the Free Church of England and the 



Have occupied much of the attention of Council, and a Special Committef 
was appointed in April, to consider the whole matter. From information 
received by the Secretary from the Reformed Episcopal Church, it is not im- 
probable that a branch of that Church may be established in this conntty. 

The Council, relying upon Divine Wisdom, trusts that this event may be 
for the ultimate extension of the Kingdom of Christ. The Free Church o( 
England and the Reformed Episcopal Church profess alike the same great 
principles of Evangelical Truth ; and are so identified in the same common 
cause of Protestant defence, that it is earnestly to be hoped that they may 
ever be united in the bonds of Christian fellowship, and in a mutual and 
sincere desire, first and above all to preach the pure Gospel of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, and then to maintain in the government of their respectlTe 
churches those principles of Evangelical Truth and religions freedom in* 
herent to the Ecclesiastical polity of the New Testament. 

It is with regret that the Council has to call the attention of Convocation 
to the unsatisfactory condition of the Central and Extension Funds. Bat 
very few of the churches, during the past year, have recognized the datyof 
contributing by 6, collection to those common expenses, from which indi- 
rectly all derive a benefit. Nor have the promised subscriptions to tbe 
•£5,000 Extension Fund been fully realized. Thus the Treasurer's account 
again represents a serious deficiency, in addition to which a laige sumii 
required to meet outstanding liabilities. It is desirable that immediate steps 
should be taken to pay off these claims, and to provide for the necessary ex- 
penses of the coming financial year. 

But the special character of the work of the Free Church of England, 
requires tliat the whole question of finance should be carefully considered, 
with a view of placing the funds designed for the extension of the Free 
Church of England upon a definite basis. It is at all times difiicult to obtain 
subscriptions, but the difiiculties are greatly increased in the absence of Uij 
clear and definite plea. Many would not give to a f/eneral fund, who would 
give if they knew the special purpose to which their gift was to be applied 
Towards the general expenses of the Executive Committee, all the Churches 
ought, in compliance with the Canon on the subject, annually to contribute 
according to their means. But for maintaining the great spiritual work of the 
Free Church of England — for the support of the Truth where the people m»f 
be poor, but where, perhaps, pernicious teaching is most rampant — we most 
placet our chief fund upon such a basis as will directly appeal to the hearts of 
all who, irrespective of sect or special organization, desire to see error mec 
by the preaching of the pure Gospel. In fact, in the opinion of the Council 
the time has come when, in addition to the Central Fund for current and 
extension purposes, there should be instituted a Sustentation Fund tm^ 
in design and application, to that established with such remarkable success 
by the Free Church of Scotland. 

In conclusion, the Council sincerely hopes that the deliberations of this 
Convocation will lead to more unity of action among our churches — ^to m<** 
frequent interchange of pulpits — to more united prayer for the outpouring of 
the Holy Spirit — to more hearty combination for the support of the ^en«»l 
movement, and to the inauguration of a policy of more earnest Evangelii^ 
work. There is a time for all things. We have had our times of deluite, w 
revision, of preparation, of organizing to the full ; and now, by God^s h«te 


hb prayerfully and manfully, and with that self-sacriiice which is the very 
rit of love, set ourselves, one and all, to do the Lord's work. 
On the motion of the Bev. J. B.^Figgis, M.A., seconded by F. W. Will- 
ks, Esq., the Report was unanimously adopted. 


The Secretary read the whole of the Correspondence with the officials of 
I Reformed Episcopal Church ; and, after a long discussion it was — 
^' Resolved that Bishop Price, Bishop Sugden, the Rev. T. E. Thoresby, 
I Mr. F. S. Merryweather, be a Sub-Committee to draft a Resolution as 
the Reformed Episcopal Church, and to submit the same to Convocation. 
On motion of Mr. F. W. Willcocks, seconded by Rev. J. Brurtskill, 
nras — 

" Resolved, that the term * Right,' as applied to Bishops, be not used." 
Convocation then adjourned until eleven o'clock on Wednesday at Christ 
urch, Teddington. 

At eleven o'clock on Wednesday, June 27, Convocation re-assembled at 
irist Church, Teddington. 
After a short liturgical service, the Rev. Bishop Price took the chair. 


The Sub-Committee having presented their draft resolution, it was, on 
e motion of the Rev. G. J. H. Llewellyn, seconded by the Rev. H. O. 
eyers, unanimously adopted, and 

** Resolved, that this Convocation, having heard the correspondence with 
e Rev. M. B. Smith, President of the Standing Committee of the General 
) of the Reformed Episcopal Church, and referring to the Articles of 
nion solemnly agreed upon by the Reformed Episcopal Church and the 
ree Church of England, severally, as set forth in the Appendix to the 
»arnal of the Second Council of the Reformed Episcopal Church (p. 25) ; 
lilst cordially admitting the full and perfect right of the Reformed Epis- 
pal Church, to establish itself in Great Britain and Ireland, or elsewhere, 
ivertheless deeply deplores even an appearance of division and rivalry 
'tween two ecclesiastical bodies so thoroughly one in the great work of 
i^angelization, in the maintenance of Protestant Christian principles, and 

Church order and discipline ; and would earnestly and prayerfully suggest 

the governing authority of the Reformed Episcopal Church to consider 
bether it would not be promotive at once of the greater usefulness of the 
ro Churches, and the advancement of religion in the spheres of their 
▼eral operation, so to arrange that they might form in each country but 
^ ecclesiastisal organization. And further, this Convocation would suggest, 
ith a view to this desirable end, that a joint Committee or Delegation of 
ke two bodies might be empowered to meet and consider the subject, and 
^OBent a Report thereon to the governing authorities of the two Churches. '9 

tbeasubeb's bepobt. 

The Treasurer, T. L. Wilson, Esq., presented his Annual Report, 
'owing a balance due to him of JB28 5s. 3d. The Treasurer stated that, in 
idition to this there were outstanding accounts amounting to nearly £300, 
^d he hoped that the ministers and wardens of every Church would see 
^ an early collection be made towards liquidating these claims. There 
^ many who had not yet paid the first instalment of their three annual 
^yments to the Extension Fund. These he trusted, would be at once sent 
^ together with the second annual payment due on July lat. 


Besolvedy '^ That the Report be adopted, and the best thanki t 
vocation accorded to the Treasurer." 

BesoWed, ^* That in future all income and expenditure be entered 
account, and kept under the name of the General and Bishop's FiumL' 


were presented. From the Southern District by the Rev. J. WiDue 
the Northern District by the Rev. J. Brunskill ; from the Midland I 
by the Rev. T. Dodd ; from the Western District by Bishop Price. 

*^ Resolved, that the Rev. G. Mackey and the Rev. 0. Freeman be oi 
Presbyters of this Church." 


On Report of Examination Committee, it was " Resolved, that th 
E. G. Boon be received as an ordained minister, that the Rev. W. ( 
Crory be ordained Presbvter, that Messrs. Alfred Lefeaux, George 
Jones, and W. H. Simms be ordained Deacons of this Church. 


'^Resolved unanimously, that the Rev. Bishop Price be the Pit 
Bishop for the ensuing year, that Mr. F. S. Merryweather be Secretar 
Mr. T. L. Wilson be Treasurer, and Mr. H. T. Sugden be Re^strar. 
The members of the Council for the ensuing year were duly eleete( 


*^ Resolved, on motion of Rev. T. E. Thoresby, seconded by Rei 
fessor Bradshaw, that all information relative to the Free Church of E: 
be first sent to the Magazine ; and that the Editor be requested to f 
early proofs of news articles, to the editors of religious newspapers. 


On the motion of Rev. W. G. Crory, seconded by Mr. Merryw< 
it was — 

'* Resolved, that the plan for a proposed Sustentation and Exi 
Fund, drawn up for the consideration of Convocation, be refer 

Other formal business having been disposed of, the procc 


On Wednesday evening, June 27th, at the close of Convocation, an C 
tion Service was held in Christ Chiurch, Teddington. when the Revs. 
Crory, G. Mackey, and C. Freeman, Deacons of the Free Church of Ei 
were ordained Presbyters; Messrs. A. Lefeaux, G. N. Jones, and ' 
Simms were ordained Deacons, and the Rev. Mr. Boon was received 
ordained minister. 

The procedure was similar to Ihat observed in all Episcopal church< 
the service was in accordance "with the Revised Form adopted by ( 
cation. There was a large gathering of Free Church of England mil 
and several of them took part in the proceedings. The Rev. J. Bruns! 
St. John's, Tottington, read tlie Litany and special suffrage for tlie cand 


The Rev .H. O. Meyers, of Putney, preached a short, but most appropriate aud 
ftdniirable sermon, from CoL iv. 17, *' And say to Archippus, TaJke heed to the 
sdoistry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fiilfil it." 

The candidates for the diaconate having been duly presented to the Bishop, 
sod the pre-communion service read, Bishop Sugden put the usual questions 
and ordained the candidates, laying his hands severally upon the head of 
e?ery one, saying : ** Take thou authority to execute the office of a Deacon 
in. the Church of God now committed unto thee : in the name of the Father, 
md of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." 

The Gospel having been read by the newly-ordained Deacon, the Rev. A. 
Lefeaux, and Bishop Price having put the usual questions, the Veni Creator 
was sung, and the candidates for the office of Presbyter were ordained by 
Bishops Price and Sugden, several of the Presbyters present joining in the 
ceremony. At the close, the Bishops administered the Lord's Supper to the 
nei^ly-ordained ministers and a large number of the congregation. The whole 
aeJTvice was conducted with great care, and was marked by a solemn and 
de^votional spirit, which was very impressive. 

The usual annual meeting of the Ministers and Managers of the Countess 

of Huntingdon's Connexion, was held on Tuesday, June 26th. The Rev. 

^. H. Hines was re-elected President, and Rev. Thos. Dodd Secretary. The 

chief buainess, after the address by the President, was the public reception 

*jQd vrelcome to Rev. Samuel Williams, the Native Superintendent of the 

^flurchea in Seirra Leone, which was very h^rtily given. The Anniversary of 

*^e College was held at Cheshunt on Thursday, 28th. The morning service 

^« Head by Rev. J. B. Fi^is, and the sermon preached by Rev. Frank 

^l^dan.. The Earl of Chichester presided at the subsequent meeting held in 

^e OoUege grounds, when the Report was read and several addresses given. 

^jcrxctdm 0f fttntinsirmi's Somtg for % %«ah ai 

tilt (SnspL 

p, ■■■ ^^^ Annual Meeting of this Society was held in the School-room of Spa Fields 

J^pel on Tuesday evening, June 26th. After tea, F. W. Willcocks, Esq., one of 

Mie J/rxistees of the Connexion, and Treasurer to the Society, presided, and was 

sappprted by Revs.. J. BrunskiU, T. Dodd, J. B. Figgis, M. A., Geo. Jones, 

^raon J. H. Llewellyn Peputation Secretary), T.E.Thoresby, and J. Trotter 

(r-uirop^an Superintendent). Special interest attached to the proceedings 

™|°^ tile presence of the Rev. S. Williams, Native Superintendent of the 

Ciliuircli^g aii(j Schools in Sierra Leone, who received a very cordial and hearty 

^^J^^^^e. Mr. Williams read a very carefully prepared and deeply interesting 

SS?^'^' which dealt with the origin and history of these native Churches and 

**^~^9^> Jittd supplied very satisfactory and gratifying statistics as to their 

2^^^*^ and progress, and as to their present prosperity and efficiency. There 

^^ ^t present four native students in the Training Institution preparing for 

S JT^^^^k of the Christian Ministry, and tliis department also supplies teachers 

*°V~*^® Day Schools. Mr. Williams gave an interesting account of his recent 

Sl^^tion of the Schools at Gt)derich, Hastings, Rokella, Waterloo, and 

CoB^ -^ and some very touching letters, expressive of deep gratitude to the 

^?2^^*^ttee at home, from the children of Sierra Leone, were read. The 

^^clx at Waterloo is capable of holding 1,000 persons, and numbers no less 

^^ B97 members, with 53 on probation. The Government Inspector pro- 

'^^^^^see the Day School here to be one of the best in the Colony. Very grateful 


reference was made to the self-denying and heroic labours of the Bev. J« 
Trotter, who has three times visited the Colony, leaving his family and takinj^ 
liis life in his hand — from tlio deep love he has for Afiica, and the good woric 
going on in our native stations there. Mr. Williams stated that the great want 
of tlie present moment was a Mission boat, all our stations being accessible bjr 
water, and he recounted the many dangers to which travelling by road was 
exposed. In connexion with tliis part of the Report, the meeting received! 
with loud applause, the annomicement that, on the occasion of Mr. Williamft * 
recent visit to Kochdale, iho Church there, in addition to the very liberal 
collections amounting to about i;85, had generously guaranteed a further sma. 
of £25 to purchase a boat, to be called '* The St. Stephen's." An appendix to the 
Keport gave a statement of the number of scholars in the various schools, and 
the salaries of the teachers. It appears there are at present nine Churches, 
seven Day Schools, and two Sunday Schools, besides the Training Institatioii.. 
These are supplied by about forty-iive teachers and exhorters, ninety-two daas 
leaders, besides Bible-class and Sunday-school teachers. There are 529 
children under instruction in the Day Schools. All the preachers and 
exhorters give their services gratuitously, the only paid agents being the 
masters and mistresses of the schools ; and the whole machinery being kept Lci 
efficient working order at a cost of less than j£500 to the Executive at home. 
Bishop Sugden, the Kevs. J. Trotter, T. E. Tlioresby, J. B. Figgis, and Gr- 
Llewellyn took part in the proceedings. Mr. Williams is now engaged in. 
visiting the various Churches. He is speaking and preaching with great 
acceptance, and everywhere receives an entliusiastic welcome and liberal help. 
Among the Churches he has already visited we may mention Tunbrid^e Wells, 
Margate, Willesborough, East Grinstead, Brighton, Shoreham, Basingstoke, 
Kidderminster, Ledbury, Hereford, Leominster, and Ludlow. He is still 
continuing his visits to our Midland Churches, and we wish him every blessing 
and success in his deputation work in this country, and trust tliat permaneat 
support and increased interest among our English congregations may result, 
and that our brother will leave our shores greatly encouraged, and return to 
Sierra Leone in the fulness of the blessing of the Gospel of Christ, through 
many happy years of ministerial labour, to cheer our sable bretliren and sisters 



Chapter XI. — '*Dis'pling" op a Gospeller, and Brave Buexixo 

OF YE Scriptures. 

In spite of the anathemas of Home, the Bible became endeared to tbc 
English people. In the providence of God, the Gospellers prepared the way 
for its glad reception, when the invention of printing placed it within reach. 
Through tliem it was known to the unreading masses that the Bible was noi 
a book to be dreaded and shunned, but a book full of freedom, and hope, and 
promises of kindly blessings, and altogether opposed to that priestly thraldom 
which had so long oppressed the national mind. But before the invention of 
printing, very few could possess the Bible. It was only to be multipHed by 
the tedious process of the pen, and a fair copy was the labour of months. Its 
conmiercial value was a little fortune. A complete Bible was rarely found ^ 
the largest monasteries, and scarcely a parish church in the kingdom possessed 
it. Yet perhaps, at no period anterior to the age of printing, could the Scrip- 
tures have been so easily and cheaply preserved, as at the time of our talft 
The translation of Wycliffe had caused such an eager demand for the Word 
of Life, that the copyists found profitable employment in its transcription' 


The demand, as in all other oommodities, produced a supply, and to suit the 

mesns of an humbler class of buyers, the scribes wrote out little volumes of 

one or more of the Gospels, and tractates containing a few precious chapters. 

These were sold at prices varying from a load of hay to thirty pounds. In 

the smaller books a considerable but secret traffic was carried on by clerkly 

packmen, who, under cover of other wares, brought out these richer trea- 

BUTes for their Lollard customers. Lord Cobham had greatly encouraged 

this mode of spreading the Truth. These Gospel tracts found a ready side, 

and thus that seed was scattered which was to germinate in the national 

nund, and to grow into the fulness of the Keformation. 

A free Gospel has ever been the terror of Eome. So long as it was 

swathed in a dead language, it was harmless to the interests of priestcraft ; 

hot a vernacular Bible was a sharp weapon, dangerous to their whole system. 

^te popular use was therefore suppressed at all costs. Fear drove Rome to 

ttcrilege and profanity, and numerous were the fires she fed with the leaves 

of the Divine Word. In England, in the time of the Gospellers, Bible- 

Duraing was a common sight ; and the people were warned by flaring bonfires, 

to Tegixd the written Word of God as an evil book, to be shunned or cast 

uito the flames. 

But there was something more than Bible burning to take place on 
Mtia Feast of St. Editha. Prior John and his monks had not only made 
S'^eat preparations for a grand holocoust of Scripture, but had arranged 
^^tiain matters, by which to strike terror into the hearts of all persons tainted 
^ith heresy and Lollardism. 

"It is necessary," said the prior, "to uphold with a strong hand the 
••Hthority of the Ohurch, against the rising tide of inquisitiveness and inde- 
pendence about doctrine and practice. These wretched Gospellers would 
Jpeet everything ; and if their new doctrines about the Christian verity were 
*o prevail, what would become of the monks of Greyleye ? " 

So Pnor John determined to crush out the spirit of LoUardiy in 
otndmore, and his bitter, intolerant heart rather gloried in the prospect of 
*"© work before him. 

The Feast of St. Editha was the day after the examination of Gilbert 
V^^ght and Alice Chatfield, and by noon the Bishop, the Prior, and the 
:^®^ve monks of Greyleye, left the priory in solemn procession, to witness 
^e scene that was to take place in the market-place of Studmore. 

And a quaint little market-place it was. Some features of it still 
'^^nain, and old records help us to realize others that have long disappeared 
^'^th the changes in social life. 

-It was an irregular square of unpaved, down-trodden land, surrounded 

^**i straggling, low, straw-thatched nouses, rarely rising to an upper storey, 

Ut with projections or penthouses of timber-work, that formed the empo- 

*J'mi8 of Studmore commerce. The goods displayed on these open booths 

TT^^ neither grand nor dazzling to the eye. It could be seen at a glance 

^*t this was not an age of luxury. There was Peter SInell, who sold 

?^dles, that smelled horribly, and gave out flickering gleams of uncertain 

/8ht, for home comfort of an evening ; and who supplied this dim age with 

®^^ train oil for the horn lanterns, with which the good folks trudged home 

•iroogh the quagmires and mud, after vespers on winter nights. He didn^t 

^ much of a trade, for Studmore was content to be in darkness. There too, 

?** Master Jocelyn, the Flemish draper, who sold Kersey's and green cloth 

^pi Kendal, woollen blanket from Bristol, stuff of homespun by the yard, 

^^ bobbins and ribbons and hosen and caps, of statute quality, for lads and 

^^ of all grades ; and pattens and leather shoes, and kerchiefs of gaudy 

^*», for village maidens. Ah ! that was a winsome stall, and the cynosure 

2^ *U the bright eyes in Studmore. Then, just where a cluster of noisy 

^nicking fellows in smock frocks were always to be seen, stood the market 

**^em, the best hostelry in the village, and belong>ng, oi coxrc^^, \.q ^^ 


monks of Greyleye. It was known at once by its red lattioOy and il 
pole in the front, to which a great bnsh was tied when the '*' goodmii 
the house had finished his new brewing ; and the ale-conner had dsGhu 
** double double '* of statute quidity. Farther on was Tom Comford's 
covered with crayfish and eels, and small fry from the Prior's fishpo 
being the refuse, after brother Sampson, the cook, had picked out thi 
for the priory kitchen. It was curious to note how the interests of m] 
Prior were mixed up here, there, and everywhere, with the commei 
Studmore. The fine beeves in the shop of Sands, the butcher, had 
fattened on the priory lands ; the hares and birds hanging up in y 
booth, with those fat capons, were from my lord Prior's preserves, and 
the fagots and logs in the penthouse of Roger, the charcoal seller, cam( 
Qreyleye wood. Besides, didn't the very market tolls all belong to m; 
Prior ? and, as every one knew, farmer Noakes dared not sell a peck oi 
nor old widow Thomas a bunch of kale, without sharing the profits wi 
lazy drones of Oreyleye. 

In the middle of this old-fashioned market place, just opposite 
dosed shop of John of Brenton, the tailor, were the Stocks, and the ' 
of Beformation," at which sturdy rogues and naughty women were sc 
whipped ; and behind these rude instruments of justice, and close 
great leystal of the village, there was a small bnilding shunned by f 
quiet folks of Studmore. This was the closely barred up cage, or ] 
into which evil-doers were cast, heavily chained until the headborouj 
the constables could take them to the great jail at Winchester. Some 
clowns who got muddled and maddened with the '* double double " 
Ghreyleye Arms, were its frequent occupants, and roared their spirit 
subjection within its 'filthy cell. Frequently, too, it was occupied fo 
together by poor mad Tom, the fool of Studmore, who, when his fii 
upon him, was soundly thrashed and cast into this hole of. despair, 
JEmd heavily chained, to drive the evil spirit out of him. But just n 
this feast of St. Editha, it was occupied by one who, in the eyes 
Greyleye monks, had done greater despite than any burglar, or drunk 
madman in Studmore ; — was occupied, indeed, by one of those " ace 
Gospellers, who had dared, in defiance of Holy Church and monkish p 
tion, to read the New Testament in the vulgar tongue ! 

Tilly, the constable, and Nicholas Wyffen, with a noisy rabble i 
them, were mightily busy carrying fagots from the penthouse of Rog 
charcoal-seller, and piling them up in the open space before the cage, 
was the excitement as the bishop and the cowled monks were seen < 
down the road from Greyleye, and much curiosity was manifested, t 
the meaning of all this preparation. Only a few seemed to be in the 
and ominous whispers grew into dark conjectures. Some said that a Gk 
was to be burned. 

" I say, Nicholas," said one, " a brave burning, I ween, eh ?'' 

"Thee'U see if thou hast patience, gaffer," replied Nicholas. 

** Art going to roast a LoUer, Tilley ? " asked another of the cro 
dressing the constable. 

'* Not quite, neighbour, only a scorch," said the constable, with a 

When the preparations were completed, and the bishop was on tl 
the constable and Nicholas Wyffen entered the cage ; they soon cam 
again, the constable holding a whip of leathern thongs and Nici 
lighted torch. Between them, pale and trembling, was poor Jc 
Brenton, with bared head and feet, and but half clad, being strippec 
waist. In his left hand he carried a long taper of a pound weight, 
his right hand, the very New Testament that he had bought with hi 
earned savings in London. 

John, thus dressed as a penitent, was led at once to the bisho 
kneeling abjectly before him, remained in that posture whilst the vie; 



the bishop^s sentence. It was a long, wordy dooament, addressed to ^^our 
wall-beloved Roger de Whyttenbam, V^ioar of Sfcudmore," and recited that 
for the correction of the soul of John of Brenton, -who had confessed to 
emmeouB doctrines, and had been found reading the evil writings of 
Wydiffe, called the New Testament, the said John was to be disciplined, and 
the details of his degradation were minutely set forth in the sentence. 

A solemn procession was now formed. First came the wretched *' peni- 
tent,'' walking barefooted, and carrying the taper ; then followed tbo con- 
stable with the whip ; and after them the bishop, Koger de Whyttenham, 
John the Prior, and the monks of Greyleye. 

Slowly and '^ solemnly," in compliance with the sentence, they walked 
round the market-place, the crowd being kept back by the constable's men, 
SB belt they conld. As the procession paused after the first round, Roger de 
Whyttenham ordered the constable to inflict the '* dis*pling." The people 
shuddered, &>id looked on with gloomy and contracting brows, as the sturdy 
constable lashed the naked back of poor John of Brenton. The thongs 
came down sharp and strong, making the flesh quiver, and the skin to rise 
• in bliiters. Then the procession slowly moved round again, this time pausing 
at another spot, and, as it paused, tbe vicar again gave the dreaded signal, 
and the lash descended with feai^ul violence on the back of the Gospeller, 
this time flaying the swollen skin, and causing the blood to start and trickle 
down in streams. The pain was so cutting that poor John writhed and 
poaned, and at last could not forbear a cry. But it was evident that 
wis was wrung from him against his will, for no sooner did it escape 
bis lips than he looked nervously towards the closed shop on the other side, 
in wbich he knew his wife and children ; for whose sakes, indeed, he had 
nluctantly confessed ; were hiding their shame. Again, headed by the 
suffering ''penitent^' as before, the procession encircled the market-place, 
this time, with vindictive purpose, pausing at the very door of the tailor's 
<>^p. Here the vicar lifted his hand, ioid one more the blood spurted from 
the lacerated back of the Gospeller. Again was that cruel hand uplifted 
-^when the door of the shop flew open, and a woman, pale, haggard, and 
^^ hair disheveUed, rushed out. Pushing aside the crowd, she ran to the 
PWiitent, and throwing her arms around him, piteously cried— 

^' Oh ! spare him ! spare him ! Oh, my husband — my dear husband ! " 
This touching scene deeply affected the crowd, and loud murmurs rose in 
Ml angry hum. 

'' Enough ! enough ! spare him ! spare him ! " cried many voices. 
- But neither bishop, nor vicar, nor prior showed any si^ns of pity, but 
looked angrily at the poor wife. At last the prior exclaimed : — 
** Take her away, constable, take her away ! " 

But an English crowd, even in that down-trodden priestly aoje, had a 
"^^^gh sympathy in their hearts, which would make itself heroically heard 
^^etimes ; and the murmurs now'grew ominous as distant thunder, startling 
^^ monkish crew, and causing the constable hastily to drop the uplifted 
^'^p. Some eager whispering took place between the bishop and the prior, 
^^ the result was that the bishop, raising his hand, motioned the constable 
^ desist, saying : — 

** Come, our time is brief, proceed and let the fire be lighted." 
. Nicholas at once applied the lighted torch to the heap of fagots, and in a 
^^^ minutes a blazing bonfire sent its lurid glare over the motley crowd. 

The poor wife, fearful as to the meaning of the new sign, clung tenaciously 
^^er husband, and, looking wildly at the flames, shrieked, "Oh! John! 
'^ ^hn I what meaneth this ? " 

** Hush ! wife, be still ! " whispered John, *' its not me but God's Word 
*"«y would burn. Would that I had never confessed ! my conscience is ill 
^ ease." 

'' Bat, John, think of tbj babes.*' 


''Ah, wife, but ibis denying of ChriBt ia wbat Peter did, and meihinb 
even now *' 

'' Nay, nay, Jobn, cast away tbe book, else its woe and beggaiy for ui." 

John was weak, and this appeal of liis wife, smothered for a time bisrinBg 
courage ; and stepping towards the fire, he held forth the New Testameat, 
and repeated after the vicar the fearful, treacherous words, " I oonfeas thati 
have eired and done wrong in reading this evil book, and do repent, and am 
heartily sorry, and so of my own will cast the book into the me, as deyHiih 
and untrue." 

With these words, spoken in a low, trembling voice, and with lipa white 
and quivering with shame, John of Brentou threw God's Holy Word into the 
flames ! 

The prior stepping]; forward, and throwing back his cowl, then cast in tlie 
little volume of St. John*s Gospel, which had been such a comfort to Qilbert 
and Alice ; and the horn-book, taken from the cupboard of Simon the amith, 
and as he did so, he passionately exclaimed : — 

'' Thus perish all the accursed writings of the Lollards, and may thus peiiik 
all obstinate heretics ! " 

{To be continued.) 

Not long ago we had to record the death of the beloved wife of one of our esteemed 
ministers, the Rev. W. H. Sisterson, of Leamington ; we have now to notice the deBth 
of his mother — without the slightest exaggeration we can honestly say, one of the 
best of mothers. We offer to him, and the bereaved family, our sincere condolence: 
Mrs. Margaret Sisterson was a Northumbrian. As a wife and mother she was uuxt 
exemplary. Her's was a happy home, ruled by love, and such was the confidence in 
her wisdom, such the admiration of her cheerful piety, that all instinctively obeyed 
her. She was amiable, bright, sometimes witty, and so consistent and courageons ii 
to be a most powerful witness tor Christ. Her age was seventy-seven. Her funenl 
took place at Norwood, on the 12th of June, at which the Rev. T. E. Thoresby oiB- 
ciatcd. The deceased lies in the family grave, among others forming a row — the row 
of graves containing the mortal remains of families who once worshipped in the ssnie 
house of God together. One of the graves is that of the late Mr. Hanbury, of the 
Bank of England, the author of the celebrated '* Memorials of the Nonconformists." 

Our earnest wish is, and no better can be expressed, that Mr. Sisterson may hare 
his own prayer answered, which we give in his own words : — 

*' I am thy gervant Lord— thine haadmald's s^n ; 
Belp me to serve as she has done. 

In field or furnace. 
Give me thy strength to toil, thy grace to bear. 
And though oft grief I'ra called tu share, 
My mother's God be near ! " 

Cj^t ^Uturtlists itittr i^t i\Xtt ^\mt\ of (gngliiirlr. 

At the Free Church of England, Spalding, on Sunday morning last, the Rev. P 
X. Eldridgo read the second Homily on Repentance, from the authorised Book of 
Homilies, in place of the ordinary sermon. At the close of the Homily, which con- 
demns very strongly the practice of auricular confession, the reverend gentleman spoke 
as follows : " Most of us are aware that a book called * The Priest in Absolution,' hi* 
been made the subject of debate in the House of Lords, and of discussion in all the 
newspapers. It is a book giving instruction to the priest as to the mode of dealinjf 
with persons who come to him to confess. It gives the questions he is to ask hi* 
penitents — most of whom are young women and children — questions so filthy, so sng* 
gestive of sin, that I should defile this pulpit if 1 were to read the short portion of 
them which the papers have thought proper to print. The book is published for wW 
use of clergymen of tlio Church of Euifland — a Church which in the Homily we hate 
read this morning, condemns the practice of auricular confession, and directs the trw 
2>cnitcnt to the Lord Jesus alone, for confession and absolution. And this book i« 


^lished by a society of English Churchmen, called ' The Society of the Holy Cross/ 
I 80 alive are some of the bishops becoming to the evils of this Society, that one of 
m, at least — the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol — ^has refused to license any 
^man who is found to be a member of it. Many of the London papers, and 
le of the Church papers also, have printed a list of the members of this Society', 
Ich 80 unblushingly advocates the Confessional ; and in this list appear, I regret to 
, the names of the Vicar of St. John the Baptist's Church in this town, and the 
r. D. L. Scott, late Master of our Grammar School. I feel it my duty under these 
mmstnnces, and as the minister of a Protestant Church, most solemnly to warn 
I against giving any — even the slightest — encouragement to the work of these 
itlemen. Do not attend any of their ministrations, even from motives of curiosity, 
not sanction, even by your presence, the Bomish services that are held; 
ther go yourselves, nor let your children go. I am speaking strongly, but the time 
come when we must speak out what we feel, when we must take up boldly a posi- 
a in behalf of, or against, the truths of the Gospel and the Protestant institu- 
18 of the land. For not only are our souls in danger, but the purity of our homes 
indangered as well. To quote from the Times : * As illustrated by this revelation, 
;uali8m, as represented by the members of this Society, is nothing less than a con- 
racy against public morals ; and it is the first duty of all friends of the Church to 
:ge it of such a poison.* " — Lincolnshire Free Press, July 3rd, 

U communications for this depaHment must he sent direct to tJie Editor, New 
MaM&ny Surrey y not later than the ISth of the m^ith.] 

ILFRACOMBE. — Cheist Ohubch Fbbe Church op England. 
The alterations which were begun in this Church in the spring, have been 
Tied out with great spirit and success. The pulpit and reading-desk have 
m moved to the east end, and the seats turned round to face it. This 
)De has giyen another character to the place ; but when we add that one 
e of the Church has been entirely re-pewed in the most modem and 
proved style of comfort and convenience — another aisle added, new matting 
d down, new crimson carpet in the large space in front of the Communion 
de, new velvet cloth, cushions, hassocks, &c., — the transformation from the 
I place can be imagined. The walls have also been toned down to a cool grey 
our, throwing out the large stone pillars in fine relief, and giving a pleasant 
ling of lightness and airiness to the whole place. Several handsome gifts 
ve been presented to the Church, particularly two oak chairs for the Com- 
uiion, most beautifully carved, given by a lady. It is gratifying to record 
it the whole of these improvements have been effected by the congregation, 
ey are now hoping that the visitors who worship with them, and kind 
ands at a distance, will help them to complete their work. As money 
nes in, the rest of the Church will be re-pewed, q^d the outside made more 
<ractive and ecclesiastical in appearance, and for this they require £300 

NEW MALDEK— Trinity Free Church op England. 

The scholars attending the Sunday-school in connection with this Church 
)oyed their Annual Excursion on Wednesday, July 18th. They started 
nn the school-room in private omnibuses at half-past nine, and after 
tee hours' drive through a most delightful country, reached Virginia 
ater with an excellent appetite for their dinner, which they soon disposed 
in picnic fashion, and with a gusto stimulated by the pure refreshing air 

one of the loveliest of summer days. They then spent a very pleasant 
Wmoon in rambling with their teachers and other friends by the shores of 
'0 lake, and through the beautiful sylvan scenery and interesting ruins 
^ lend 80 great a charm to that lovely spot. After a substantial tea, the 


party returned home bj another ronte, and assembled in the scho<d-room, 
where bnns and lemonade awaited them ; and where, after the greeting song 
had been joyously suns, the Iter. Professor Bradshaw briefly luldressed tlw 
young people, cordiaUy congratulating them, as Mr. Merry weather had 
already done, upon the delightful day they had spent together, and their 
uniformly good conduct during the excursion. He also pointed out, in a fev 
affectionate words, the duty and blessedness of making even our worldly 
enjoyments subservient to the glory of God. The Doxology was then sung ; 
and when the Benediction was pronounced, the children and their friends 
separated in excellent spirits, and thoroughly satisfied with all the enjoy- 
ments of their annual treat. 

SPALDING. — ^Free Chfbch of England. 
The Organ built for this place of worship by Mr. Noble, of Birmingham, 
under the superintendence of Mr. A. Thacker, of Thomey, was formally 

rned on Friday evening last. The service was conducted by the Bev. P. 
Eldridge, and the choir was specially augmented for the occasion, the 
Misses Thacker (Thomey), Mr. B. Cooper (Spalding), and Mr. Bollon 
(Surfieet), taking part, and singing the solos in the various anthems. These 
consisted of ** Behold how good and joyful," and "O Lord our Governor/' 
In the first, the Misses Thacker, took up the treble and alto solos very beauti- 
fully. Mr. BoUon's fine bass voice was also heard to great advantage. The 
gem of the evening, however, was Mr. B. Cooper's fine solo in '' O Lord our 
Governor," the rich music being accurately and perfectly rendered. The 
sermon was preached by the Rev. P. X. Eldridge, his subject being the 
'' new song '' spoken of by St. John in the Revelations. Before proceeding 
to deal specially with the text, the rev. gentleman rebutted the idea that the 
addition of organ music to the services, was in any sense a giving way to the 
puerilities of the Ritualists — a good musical service being conducive to the 
successful worship of God. 

TEDDINGTON.— Christ Church Free Church op England. 
The annual Summer Treat for the Scholars attending the Station-road 
Schools, took place on Thursday, the 12th July, one of the finest days we 
have had this season. The party met outside the Church at half-past eig^t 
in the morning, numbering in all 215 persons, and started in merry mood 
for the pretty drive to Box Hill, accompanied by Bishop Sugden, Mrs. 
Cherington, Miss Collis, Mr. S. Hill, jun., and Mr. J. N. Goatby. 

WILLESBOROUGH.— Christ Church Free Church op England. 
On Friday, the 15bh June, a Missionary Meeting was held in the Scbool- 
room, presided over by the Incumbent, when the Rev. S. Williams and the 
Rev. J. Trotter delivered addresses on behalf of the Society for the Spread of 
the Gospel. 

WILSDEN. — St. Jamks's Free Church of England. 

On Sunday, June 10, two sermons were preached in the above place by 
the Rev. J. Miley, of St. Stephens, Middleton. In the afternoon the Churcli 
was moderately filled, but in the evening it was crowded. Mr. Miley 
preached two very impressive sermons. 'J'he collection for the day amouuteJ 
to £14 13s. 

WORCESTER— Free Church op England. 

On the occasion of the Rev. S. Williams, from Sierra Leone, visiting 
Worcester, a special service was held on Sunday afternoon, July 8th, at the 
close of which the Mayor of Worcester, Moses Jones, Esq., Superintendent 
of the Sunday-school, presented him in the name of the teachers and 
scliolars with Scott and Henry's Commentary in three volumes, handsometT 
bound, and also a Hymn-book for Mrs. Williams. Mr. Williams manifested 
considerable feeling in returning thanks for this unexpected present, whic" 
he said he should carry back with him to Africa as a lasting remembrance 
of his visit to the city of Worcester. 



Lord Redesdale has again endeavoured to open the eyes of the 

lestant Church people, to the insidious spu*it of Romanism at work 

Qgst them. He explained, in the House of Peers, how the most 

ing pretensions of Sacerdotalism were taught in the parish of 

allows, Southwark, by the Rev. 6. W. Berkeley, who has not only 

)daced Confession, but circulated among the children a Catechism 

of the grossest errors of Romanism. The following are extracts : — 

?. " What did the Saviour give the Apostles power to do ? " 

1. " To make bread and wine into His body and blood." 

Q. " Did He give this power to any one else ? " 

4. " Yes ; to the bishops and priests who came afterwards.'* 

Q, " How can we be freed from sin after baptism f " 

4. " By absolution." 

Q. " What is absolution ! " 

4. " The iorgiveness of sins." 

Q. " Who can give absolution ? " 

A. " The priest." 

Q. " What is necessary before we receive it 1 " 

A. "Penance." 

Q. " How can we ensure penance ? " 

A. " By confessing our sins." 

Q. " What is it to confess our sins 1 " 

A. '• To tell them one by one.'* 

It is against such doctrines, now industriously taught by a numerous 

y of Clergymen in the Church of England, that the Free Church 

Sngland is a protest. It is useless to complain ; the Bishops palliate 

I excuse ; the Law raises its golden barrier of costs ; the votaries of 

aiou smile on the '* priest ; " and the only remedy is a free, Protestant 

162 OBDECB. 

Episcopal Charch, using a pnre> revised Liturgy in its services, and a 
Catechism in its Sunday-schools, from which all taint of baptismal re- 
generation and priestism has been eliminated. Such a Liturgy and sooh 
a Catechism have been published, and are used in the churches and s<Aoob 
01 the Free Church of England. 

By Bishop Sugdsn. 
(ConUmied from page 144.) 

" Whether any do inquire of Titus, he is my partner and feUoio4kelper eweemf^ 
you : or our brethren he inquired qf^ they are the messenyers of the Cfh^Mxhes, t»^ 
the glory of Chriet," 4-c.— 2 COK. viii. 23, 24. 

That duty of the Apostolic office, which consisted in the oversiglt'C^ 
and regulation of several Churches^ and which was in some cases, as thos^^ 
of Ephesus and Crete, delegated by S. Paul to others, is seen on tlM^- 
very surface of New Testament Church life> and is acknowledged evoi hy 
Coiigregatlonalists in their missions, and admitted and acted on, tbKPw 
by Presbyterians, in a measure. It is properly and especially recognised itf 
the Poll Deed of the Free Church of England enrolled in Chancery, wh&fr 
is very careful to mark, by three separate names, three distinct duties aidl- 
spheres of duty, as connected with the Episcopate or Presbyterate. UraSy 
Section 5 (p. 6) says : " This order (i.6., the order of Bishops, or Presby- 
ters, or Elders) includes the Bishop Primus, President of the whole body ^ 
the Diocesan Bishops, or Presidents of Districts ; Congregational Bishops^ 
or Presidents of Congregations." After these follow the. Deacons, undeT* 
which name are also included " Managers and Churchwardens." Vido 
also Section 14, which requires that "All Ministers or Clergy of tho 
Free Church of England, shall be ordained " — " Ministers," including 
^^ Deacons ;^^ and Deacons, including '^Managers and Churchwardens!* k& 
these latter are not mentioned among the various New Testament tem^ 
of office, the spirit of liberty and elasticity evidently finds its place i^ 
our authorised legal formulary ; and it is equally clear that, in fact, eTaH 
the requirement of ordination is not rigidly pressed and insisted apoi^ 
in the case of Deacons. This, however, is akin to licentiousness. 

The general superintendence or oversight of several Churches^ lof^ 
certain common purposes, which the Apostles, and others at their instuic^ 
exercised, has been regarded and adopted in the constitution of aU tboe^ 
Churches called Episcopal, and is attached to their first office. It isapar^ 
of our own constitution in the Free Church of England, and needs to b0 
conserved and developed in its fair proportion. This element alone 
entitles the Free Church of England to any claim as an Episcopal Cisxtt^ 
in contradistinction to the Churches whose organization is Coogr^ 


OBDEBS. 163 

"^^luil, or Presbyterian ; and its Episcopacy is the comple^on of that 
xthtBie of ecclesiastical goYemment to which the Conntess of Hantingdon 
and almost all her associates were attached ; bat the full development of 
^>A^ tiiey could not, in their time, in an orderly manner secnre. 

In the Apostolic Ohnrch, the Elders or Presbyters were chosen by the 

P^ple, in pnblic assembly of the Ohnrch, and were appointed by the 

•Apostle, or his delegate, with prayer and with the laying on of his Imnds, 
*Mf those of the Presbyters already orduned ; if thwe were no Presbyters, 
^n by himself alone. (Epp. to Tim.) The laying on of hands was a token 
tf feHowship and blessing never omitted ; and it was often impressively 
sbnred to, as connected, in the case of the Apostles, with thebestowment 
' special gifts. The Presbyters were associated together as leaders of 
ir^icolar Gbnrcbes, ior teacldng, government, and work. So far as dnty 

ofiSce was concerned, they formed a second distinction. The third 
ic^e of the Apostolic ministry was held by the Deacons, men also chosen 
tbcOhristian Assembly, and appointed by the Apostles with prayer and 
3 Icijing on of hands. Their dnties were chiefly of a temporal and secnlar 
ttX'^i.cter, embracing matters of charitable finance and care of the poor, as 
i^lief to the Apostles and Presbyters, in order to the exclusive devotion 

tile latter to prayer and the ministry of the Word. When quailified 
^ c^ppointod, the Deacons acted also as Evangelists, as did Stephen and 
^ip and others, who, by fidelity and zeal in the discharge of their 
xtiee, " purchased to themselves a good degree, and great boldness in the 
itU which is in Christ Jesus " (1 Tim. iii. 9, 13). 

I^us, if there were but two orders or grades or classes of men, there 
^^ certainly more distinctions of duty, and more terms significant of 
Sco in the Ministry. There was in the Church, as apostolically con- 
^^t;^ no invidious distinction tolerated ; but there was a wise applica- 
'^ of the principle of the division and distribution of labour, and great 
J^i^d for decency and ordw. 

^^eside these offioes already alluded to, there were various additional 
'^^^S'^ate offices, occasional or constant ministries, some of them 
^^xited by women — e,g., the Deaconesses who ministered to their own 
^ and widows sustained by the Church and employed in its services of 
^I^italit^ to strangers and cfkre for the B\ck. There were also readers, 
fixers, «9tecbume«^ singeiis, doof-keep^ra, and others, whose sacred 
l^^HioDs were, and wcnre felt to be, both important in themselves and 
^^iCii\y coipeiQt^ with the welfare of the Church. 

^iMre Ib little doiibt that the arrangements of the Jewish Synagogue, 
^ louch to do with the outer form of these offices, in the early Church. 
A earefnl study of the whole subject will confirm a patient inquirer in 
conviction that the orders of 9ny Ministry, if they are to be valid, 
vofit he received fiirst of the Lord Jesus, and then endorsed by the 
^ble Church in which they are to bw exercised. The " So send I tjou'* 

>04 ORDERS. 

of Christ the great Head of the Charch, was a commission to all His 
servants till He shall come. No orders are, or can be, so TaSd as 
those which are enjoyed by the sonls quickened, and called, and endowed 
by His Spirit, solemnly anthorized by His Church, and appointed wift 
prayer and the laying on of hands, to some definite work. HoweTer 
questioned by others, they will be accepted by all who prove their fitnen 
and power, and by all who are in sympathy with Christ. 

The great question of the Church is not as to the number of orders, 
but as to their Scriptural validity, and the working of faith. '^ It is not 
the office we hold, but the way we discharge its duties, that is pleanng 
to Ood." Suppose the instant coming of the Lord ; what is the present 
attitude of each portion of the Church toward Him? and what is the tone 
of our spirit toward all those who love Him, and are accepted of Himt 
How important are these points I 

The unspeakable Oift of God is given to us all. The Incarnate 
Saviour set up His Cross in the midst of us all and for us all ; till the 
happy moment arrives when He shall set up His glorious Throne in its 
place, and spread His heavenly tent over His redeemed of every nation 
and tongue and people, let us all, led by His Spirit, witness for Him, and 
by love serve one another, that we may all the better serve Him ! 

Happy^ indeed, is that Church whose ministry is most orderly, whose 
fellowship is marked by fervent piety and zealous activity, and whose 
worship is spiritual, impressive, and sincere; but happier still is the 
Church which adds to these gifts of God, that greatest of all graee^ 
a charity which no bitterness can alienate, no controversy cool, no 
estrangement diminish, which ''beareth all things; believeth all things; 
hopeth all things." The Church "whose charity never faileth," is pre- 
eminently the Church of God. The ministry that draws its inspiration 
from His love, and that rests its authority and its vmdication solely on 
His Word and grace, and on the power of His Spirit, is the only trne and 
valid ministry. The real orders that can never be questioned, come not 
from Popes, Patriarchs, Bishops, Presbyters, or even Apostles ; they ax^ 
" not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ." 

N.B. — The questions of Orders and of forms of Church Government ought ne?^^ 
to be allowed to divide the Cluistian Church. The true and the false spaitf, ^^ 
reference to this matter, are stiikingly illustrated in two works now before me. 

*' Surely, if the salt has not wholly lost its savour, some one in authority— flofl^ 
bishop or prelate— will at length arise and be large-hearted enough to say to h 
separated brethren of the Family of God, 'There has been enough of strife, enopgh 
division ; henceforth let us be one in Christ. We do not ask for your submissioD, 
we have done in the weary ages of controversy that are past ; we ask for nothin^f, ^f 
wish for nothing, saving your unfeigned love. Your ministers we regard as ministe^^ 
of Christ in accordance with their work for Him, though you may not call them ^'^ 
our names ; and in you we gladly recognize the work and the fruits of the Spirit 
Grace, in just as full measure as we behold them among ourselves/ 

** When this most joyful day of days shall come, then shall the Family of God 
one on earth, even as it is one in heaven ; and then shidl our Saviour's Prayer, fc^' 


the fulfilment of which all loving hearts have ever been sighing since the spirit of 
dissension parted them asunder, have its blessed accomplishment — * That they all 
may be one.' " — Preface to *\Mossman's History of the Early Christian Church.** 

As we read these words we seemed to lose all sectarian feeling, and we saw only 
the Captain of the Lord's host, and all as brethren around Him. May this noble 
Christlike spirit spread and grow ! 

Bnt read again — 

**The whole Catholic Church never has accepted and never can accept Anglican 
Orders, and never ceases to cry aloud to those who would sustain the spirits of their 
followers by asserting that when they come over in a body she will make terms with 
them, *No illusions, gentlemen — no illusions!'" — ** Anglican Orders; Are they 
Valid r By J. D. Breen, O.S .B. 

So much the worse for the "Catholic Church *' of Mr. Breen and his friends. It 
is surely to be hoped that our Anglican Church brethren will not only shake off their 
*' illusions," but also shun the "delusions" of the Great Apostacy, and drink more 
deeply of the Apostolic spirit, " Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus 
Christ in sincerity ! Amen." (Eph. vi. 24.) 

By thb Editob. 

how t spent my new half-crown. 

When I was a little boy, a kind old gentleman gave me a brand new half- 
crown for repeating some verses. I was highly delighted, you may be sure, 
and was full of eagerness, to go off and spena my treasure. Down I went 
to the fancy shop in the High -street, and dSXev looking at all sorts of tempt- 
ing things, with as much perplexity as is said to have beset a certain pussy 
when she found herself amidst the temptations of a tripe shop ; I at last 
spent my half-crown in the purchase of a beautiful scarlet purse, with steel 
tassels and rings; and as I ran home with it, I couldn't help thinking how 
fine it would be to show off my handsome purse every time I wanted to 
spend my money. But these vain thoughts were soon to be dispelled, for 
when I ran eagerly to my mother to show her my purchase, she quietly said : 
" A very pretty purse, indeed, my dear; but what did it cost ?" 
** Oh Ma ! only half-a-crown," said I ; "isn't it a beauty ?" 
** It is, indeed," said she ; "but what is it for 1 " 
•* What is it for ! " exclaimed I ; " why, to put my money in, Ma ! " 
** Suppose, then.*' said she, "you put it in, ray dear, and see if the 
Ptti^e is large enough ! " 

-And then, foolish boy as I was, I saw what she meant. Only to think 

^^^k^-t a simpleton I must have been, to have spent all my money for a purse, 

5^^ then to have nothing left to put in it ! I can feel to tliis day the blush of 

^^:xrtification that tingled my cheek as I became conscious of my own absurdity. 

^, ^ iJow I don't suppose any one of my young friends would do such a foolish 

Jr'-^^g as that. I only hope that each of you may be put to the test, by some 

S*^ ^ old friend giving to every one of you each a bright new half-crown ! 

/^^^>ildn't that be nice ? And as you took great care of it, or spent it in the 

P'^^^'cshase of some good book — or, better still, gave some of it away to some 

*^^^^ creature who needed it — how you would smile a.t that simple Editor, 
y*^o was such a foolish little fellow in his youth. Well, well, I shall be con- 

to be laughed at, if it teaches you such a lesson. 

^oa do not know, my dear young friends, I am afraid, from what I have 

^^ often seen, that it's a very common thing for people to spend all their 

^^Xiey in buying their purse, and then have nothing to put in it. I don't 

^n exactly in the same way that I did, but in ways quite as foolish. 

^ow, I knew an old man who spent all his life in getting and saving 


money. He deprived himself of all iocdal pleasure and domestic oomM; 
never gave a new half-crown to a little boy or girl in his life ; and ilouit 
starved himself, and went abont shockingly clad, that he might scrape to- 
gether a pile of gold and silver, to be enjoyed by-and-by. Bnt death caae 
too soon for that, and he actually died, refusing even to have a doctor be- 
canse of the cost ! Now don't you think he was Yerv foolish to spend all Ids 
life in getting money, and in refusing even in his old affe, to use metni to 
prolong that life, in which he could hope to enjoy it ? So, when you think 
how foolishly I spent my new half-crown for a purse, try and laam a better 
lesson from it than mere common prudence. liet us all, ooth you and I, tike 
care how we spend the invaluable gift of Timey which our good Father in 
Heaven has given to all His children. Don't let us spend it all for tlungi of 
this world. Don't let us spend it all in play and trifling, and find sttiM 
end that we have nothing left for Stemity. Time is moce predoui than 
money. Whilst you have Time you may have Salvaxion^. The short kelf- 
crown as it were, of Time, is siven that we may prepare for Eternity. I^ u 
expend it, then, in securing the crown and riches that never fade ; for hov 
foolish we shall appear, if, spending all for the body, we have nothing left for 
the soul ? 

^xlhtxt Mrig^t, t^t (^OBi^tlltx. 



Chaptbb XII.— Gilbert in Gbbtlxyb Toweb. 

In compliance with the Bishop's sentence, Gilbert was taken to Winflheitpfj 
and handed over to the tender mercies of the secular power. The SQOiiItf 
power was a mere puppet, set in motion by strings drawn by the priests, irlio 
craftilv used it to unpart a seeming legality to the cruel vindictiveness of tto 
Qiureh. Gilbert underwent another worrying examination, in which he 
displayed the sublime but simple, faith of a Gospeller, though very little oi 
the acumen of a soholiystio dUi^utant. There was such a noble courage in his 
whole bearing — such a quiet meekness and faithful trust in his manner—that 
the Court was greatly moved in his favour ; but the malignant inflii^enee 
of the ecclesiastics predominated. The secular power had little more tp d9« 
than to carry out the sentence of the spiritual authority. Gilbert wi^ 
of course condemned, and a writ de heretico coniburendo came down irouf^ 
the iKing, directed to the mayor, sherifs, and justices of Winchester. 

The brave Lollard was now taken back to Studmore. It was thi 
wish of the Prior that the heretic should suffer there, as a wamii^ to tiu 
disaffected ; and through the Bishop's influence, the warrant was so worded^ 
that his subordinate's malignity could be fully gratified. The heartless ifusD^^ 
looked upon this as a triumpn, and as a means of re-asserting the povo^^ 
fmd authority of the Greyleye fraternity. _ 

To Gilbert, indeed, there was comfort in this cruelty. Thekuowled|^ 
that he was eo far away from tho^e he loved, had increased his suffemigk^ 
Sfeither his great trial, nor the sacrifice of all his cherished hopes for E^ 
leliiious faith, had for one moment diminished the endearing tenderness c^ 
his neart- ties. His love for Alice was even intensified by their co-partner- 
ship in suffering. Since his last hurried interview with her, he had felt gpf^ 
than ever, that they were one, not only for time, but for evermore. Hij^ 
and noble faith— iron-like in its endurance, and its sacrificial strength^i^ 
compatible with the tenderest emotions and sympathies of the soul. Hi^ 
very consecration to a martyr's glory, seemed to have purified his affection fron^- 
that selfishness which leavens all human love. So great was his yearning 


and chivalrous love for Alice, that it was a solace to him to know that he 
should be nearer to her, although he had but little hope of seeing her again. 
Nor did it seem that there was much to cheer the Gospeller even in this. 
He was to be kept in "close prison," and the gloomy chamber of Grayleye 
Tower in which he was confined, was a wretched hole. But it bad one 
feature which afforded sweet consolation to Gilbert. Through the bars of 
the open, narrow, lancet-shaped loophole — which admitted wind as well as 
light--could be seen a portion of the " grete house '* at the east end of the 
vmage, with its low roof ; and, as the sun shone upon it, the glazed bay- 
window in the parlour, glowed and glittered like rubies and diamonds in the 

It may seem a little thing to those who have never truly and tenderly 
[oved, but even this glimpse of the home of his beloved was a joy to 
Grilbert. When he prayed for her —as he ever did — it seemed to localise 
liiB prayers, and to give grasp and reality to his thoughts of her for 
^hom he pleaded. Poor Gilbert ! how often did his heart yearn towards 
:hat spot, and how busy was his fancy with the inner life of that saddened 
[lome. Tes ; it may seem a little thing, but love feeds upon such fancies, 
uid lives the happy past again, as it colours them with beguiling memories. 
Even after his condemnation, Gilbert was not left long unmolested. Now 
bhat the fearful consequences of his "obduracy" were before him, the 
Donks hoped to conquer the heretic. Brother Stephen was the first to visit 
[lim, and he strove, by long arguments and theological bludgeons to overpower 
the man of simple faith. But Gilbert had read the Gospel to profit, and the 
pure word, given in all the sweet, idiomatic simplicity of Wycliffe's version, was 
a very sword in the hands of the Gospeller. Monk Stephen left him, some- 
what staggered, maybe, in his own convictions, but with increased bitterness 
in his heart. Prior John, too, gave him a solemn visit, and with much 
austerity exhorted him to submit ; and backed up his arguments with mighty 
threats of fiame and tar barrels, which, to the marvel of Prior John, seemed 
but to light up a stronger glow of enthusiasm in the Lollard's breast ! 
Ah ! these simple Gospellers had right valiant hearts, and were made of 
true martyr stuff. 

But there was one who came to Gilbert with kindlier feelings. This was 

Boger, one of the lay-brothers. To him had been deputed the care of the 

prisoner. The rule was, that attendance was to be given in the strictest 

^ence. Scarcely a word was to be spoken^ and all communications were to 

^ made by signs. But Gilbert recognised no such restraint, and to the 

^exit brother he did not hesitate to speak. From mere commonplace words 

^ tihanks and courtesy — ^for the " gentle life " was in the Gospeller — he 

^^<luaUy spoke about other things ; asked questions about the dear ones in 

^^dmore ; and, now and then, gave some expression to the great subject 

^X>ermo8t in his mind. At first these remarks were replied to by signs and 

~ ions, and many evidences of fear at this breach of monastic rule ; but by 

!, Roger became interested in the words of the Gospeller ; and after the 

rormance of his duty to the prisoner, he would wait with folded hands 

immobility of face, to listen to the fervid, simple eloquence of Gilbert, 

.e spoke of Christ and the glorious tidings of the Gospel . 

^ne day, after placing on the board a sparse meal of oaten porridge and 

' bread, Roger, as usual, took his standing position half-way towards the 

r, in this attitude of silent attention,whilst Gilbert repeated from memory, 

.e verses from the twelfth chapter of St. John's Gospel. Before Gilbert 

finished, Roger suddenly turned and held up his hand. He was pale 

^^. agitated, and tears glistened in his eyes, and in a low, trembling voice 

^ csried — 

^ •* Repeat those words again ! — slowly — slowly." 

^* I am come," repeated Gilbert, ** a fight unto the world, tljat whosoever 
^Xl.eveth in Me shall not abide in darkness.*' 


** Whosoever f " eagerly inquired Roger. 

'^ Whosoeyeb," continued Gilbert^ ''but <he that rejeoteth Me and 
receiveth not My words — * *' 

'^ Stay ! " exclaimed Roger, — '' art sure thai ibose words were in ihf 

'* QuUe sure," replied Gilbert, '' my memory faileth not.'' 

" Go on— Oh ! go on ! " 

'' He that rejecteth Me, and receiveth not My words, hath one ^ 
judgeth him ; the Word that 1 have spoken, the same shall jadge him in the 
last day." 

'^ Great God ! " muttered Roger, as he. left the cell, ^^and thai iM tiie 
Word that we burned in Studmore." 

After this there was much earnest talk between them. Gilbert was nefer 
tired of repeating, nor Roger of listening to the life-^ving words of dnut 
The latter drank them in as the parched and thirsty land drinketh ia 
the refreshing rain and dews of Heaven. The quickening of the Word sooa 
became manifest in its illuminating, hallowing, and saving influences on th^ 
poor, benighted lay brother's soul ; and, through the comfort of the Bxa^ 
Scriptures, his hitherto desponding heart was cheered with heavenly hope ^ 
the dull despairing eye, that kept watch over the captive, sparkled with nei^^ 
life and joy ; and from the lips of the Lollard he daily learned many vefse^a 
of St. John's Gospel. But Roger was not content with this— <lelightfiLl3 
though it was to his heart. One morning he took from beneath the ^ds (C^ 
his gown a small roll of parchment and a horn of ink, and asked Gilbert tC=: 
repeat to him, slowly, the precious Words of the Saviour, that he himsri "^ 
might write them down. This he did again and again. And Roger ' 
Novitiate and Gilbert the Gospeller became as brothers. 

Chapter XIII. — ^A Lbttsr from GitBSRT. 

After her severe examination before the Bishop, poor -Alice 
weary, and ready to faint ; and, as her uncle led her away, she was sea 
conscious. Outside the Priory gate, Dame Mostyn was in waiting, 
slowly and silently they all returned home. The kind-hearted, bu.* 
garrulous dame, attended Alice with touching solicitude ; and, on the nec:^ 
morning, she felt so much better, that Anthony had the unspeakable joy o^ 
seeing his niece take her usual place at the breakfast-table. 

'' Thou art a brave-hearted lass,'' he exclaimed, as Alice took her seat 

^'Nay, I fear me, that mine heart trusteth not enough. Pray for me, 
dear uncle, that I may have strength." 

''Tea, truly, niece, and more ; I will this very morning to Master 
Whyttenham, with a goodly o£fering ; and bespeak a prayer to the Holy 
Virgin and the saints." 

" Not so, dear unde ! prayers so purchased have little comfort for me nor." 

''Hush, Alice! hush!" said Anthony, looking alarmed ; ''thou aft 
talking heresy, I ween." 

" I trow not, dear uncle ; but " 

'^ But what ?" inquired her uncle, as Alice hesitated. 

" Christ says," replied Alice, " * Gome unto MB, all ye that are l>es»y 
laden, and I will giYe you rest : ' and I would, dear uncle, rather go to JB«n> 

" Thou hast thine head full of strange fantasies, Alice ; but be it as thoB 
wilt. Come, come lass, sigh not so ; maybe all will yet be well.*' 

" Dear uncle, I doubt not, all will be well, come what may. Would iM 
my faith were strong to see it ; for suspense in such peril and sorrow is iui 
to bear." 

As she spake these words, a tear fell unbidden on her pallid chedr. 

Kothing more was said, and but little was eaten at that morning's mdsl 
The early sun shone brightly through the casement, but a wintry alestt 


eigned throughout the house. It was no longer like the joyous home it had 
>een so short a time before. The days seemed dreary ana purposeless, as if 
ihe bowl of life was about to Ivt^^jroken, and its silken cord was ready to be 
oosened. The poor, suddenly-tried heart could not but mourn over its 
Mattered idols ; and, although, now and then, some blessed promise of the 
3rospel came, as a merciful message from Heaven, to cheer her, poor Alice, 
in spite of her brave and noble courage, sank beneath the weight of her 
sufferings — beneath her blighted hopes and anxiaus fears — into such sad 
despondency, that she prayed, again and again, that God would shorten her 
youne life, and spare her the sad and lonely journey, which now so certainly 
and dreaiily stretched out before her. 

And greatly did it add to her sorrow t^at she had no longer the solace of 
the Book. We, enjoying to the f ull^ aT>d too often to satiety, the blessed 
feast of the Gospel, can hardly realize the craving, hungering desire 
for the literal Scnptures^ which filled the hearts of the early Gospellers. 
Brief as had been her acquaintance with the Word, young Alice had 
(earned to love it with her whole heart. Some sayings of the Lord 
^ere firmly stamped upon her memory ; but she could not help bitterly 
jdpining at the loss of that precious transcript of the GospdU, wlj^ch 
he monks had so ruthlessly dragged from her, and so recklessly and 
>la8phemous1y burned in the market-place at Studmore. 

Bat, amidst all, her^faith was graciously strengthened, in an&wer to her 
nnple prayers ; and, although deprived, as it seemed to her, of all that had 
ti&de life dear, she was yet enabled, feebly indeed, at first, but more fully as 
he prayed, to cast the great burden of her care upon Him, who had promised 
* never to leave her — never to forsake her,'* and who $tlways tempers the 
nnd to the shorn lamb. In even the fiercest tempest of her troubles, the 
|weet subduing " peace, be still I " of Him who hushed the wild hurricane of 
^nnesaret into silence, came softly and gently to her soul : and she adoringly 
w^ondered at the marvellous power of the Master's voice. 

With this oft-recurring spiritual help, came bolder faith. Her own 
feelingg were subdued in her recognition of the courageous testimony of her 
'^oble and beloved Gilbert. She never loved him so tenderly and truly, as 
^hen her heart swelled with holy joy, in the knowledge that he had the 
boldness which would enable him, should God permit it, to die for Jesus, 
^d, stimulated by her lover's example, she resolved, for Christ's sake, to 
^^^ar with patience, the shame and agony of the cross ; let it come in what 
foxm it might. 

Thus she passed several comparatively quiet days, thinking much, but 
*aying very little. Nothing had been heard at Winchester, for 9ew8 
^▼eUed slowly in those days ; and all saddening rumours, which were rife 
^d gloomy enough, were concealed by old Anthony, with fatherly and 
^mpassionate consideration, from the knowledge of his neice. But, when 
filbert was Inrought back to Greyleye, and the fatal news was known that 
he was doomed to die, it was impossible to keep poor Ali^ very long in 
^orance of the fact, for it was the terrible theme of sympathetic but 
conunon gossip, and caused general lamentation in the little town. Very 
?®ntiy did Anthony break it to her, when it could be no longer hiddexL and 
*^th a soothing tact which affection only knew how to suggest and guidfe. 

^'D^ar neice," said he, ** mine heart doth bleed for thee, and all th^ 
^ore so now, that I seem powerless to help thee." 

"Dear uncle," replied Alice, **say not so. Thou art ever kind to thy 
>Oor kinswoman. " 

^Ah ! sweet one, but thou hast now so hfiavy a load. Would that I 
^Hld share it !" 

•*The Lord wiU help me,** said AUce, « an' I trust Him." 

'^ Thou wilt sorely need itj, d^rlipg : sorely, sorely need it ! " said 
^hony, in a tremulous voice. 


'* Ah !" exclaimed Alice, with a piteous startled look — *' thou hast ii0ir» 

The old man covered his face with his hands, and his big frame quivered, 
with emotion, as he sighed : 

«<Alas! alas!" 

*' Is it as we feared, nnde ? " tremblingly asked poor Alice. 

" Ai we feared ! " said Anthony. 

Alice neither spoke nor moved. An expression of unntterable wo» 
stamped its grave, rigid lines on that marble face ; and not a mosole rebzfld^ 
even when her uncle drew her gently within his arms, and, fondly strokiDg^ 
her hair, as if she were a child, looked beseechingly through his teaxs into 
her face, and begged her, for Ms sake— for his lifers sake, — to look not lo ; 
but to have pity on his old age ! But her eyes were still fixed in Uank 
despair ; and her thoughts, if she thought at all, were far, far away, in th^ 
by-and-by of time. 

One morning, soon after Gilbert's return to Greyleye, as Alice was sittm^; 
deeply entranced in thought, Dame Mostyn hurredly entered the chamlMrw 
It was evident that something had occurred to startle her ; for, in spite ck£ 
her ei^mess, she was scarce^ able to speak. 

« Well, well ! " she gasped, ** a-deary-me ! I hope it's — ^I hope ib^m 
nought, ^— " 

'^ )^at, good dame ? " asked Alice. 

'*0h, dear! I hope it's nought amiss. But oh! a-deaiy-me, I'mfered 
out of mine wits." 

*' What hast so affrighted thee, good dame ? '' again asked Alioe. 

** Why, Mistress," said Dame Mostyn, *' going just now out of the heme, 
carrying a ferdel of white linen into the ap^legarth, to di^ ; a-deaiy.iae» 
who should'st think came right upon me, making me feel quite daffe ? '' 

" \VTio r 

" Why, one of the monks of Greyleye ! " 

*^ Ah ! and what sought he ? " inquired Alice. 

<< Whist ! said he, whist ? and beckoned me apart, and then speaaM 
about that none should ken, he put this paper into mine hand, fUkyvoff I 
was to give it to thee," and, as she spoke, she fumbled in her capaaou 
satchel, beneath her petticoat. | 

" A letter for me ! Who from ? Oh ! who from ? " 

** Certe ! and did he not say it was from Gilbert Wright ? " 

^* From Gilbert ! — Haste thee, good mother ! haste thee ! I'm all 
impatience. From Gilbert ! Oh ! from Gilbert !" and Uie sunshine of ft 
bright joy gladdened the poor weary face again. 

** Why, a-mercy-me ! " exclaimed the excited dame, as she plough 
deeper into the depth of her satchel — ** I fear me it's " 

" Fear what ? Haste thee, good dame, haste thee ! " 

** Tut, tut, tut, a-deary me ! Alack ! alack ! I fear it hath been witched 
away ! " said Dame Mostyn, as she hurriedly turned out of her pocket a whol^ 
heap of keys, bobbins, and plaisters ; with charms, crooked coins, and the 
most indescribable sundries. 

'* Oh ! dame, dame ! say not that it is lost ! " exclaimed Alice, with 
anxious distress. 

" Hist ! I wist it now ! " said Dame Mostyn, in a whisper : " Old Moth* 
Bedf em passed me as I came in by the kitchen door ! By the Blessed Viigu^ * 
she has it ! For was she not, the other day, before the justices of AndoTtf) 
for witching Farmer Greenstalk's kine ? " 

** Nay ! perhaps thou hast dropped it in thine haste. Oh, dame ! daisel 
would that thou hadst guarded it well ! Alas ! poor me ! " And whocaD 
wonder, that tears of bitter disappointment, washed the sudden and short* 
lived smiles from the face of poor Alice ? 

** Oh ! the vile old crone ! " exclaimed Dame Mostyn, " I'll hie me to the 


con.ei'fcabley and by the Holy Virgin ! if she gives it not up, I'll Lave her in 

tha CMge ! Stay ! what's this P^ 

**0h! dame!" 

* * Ah ! I wist now ! surely did I put it into my bodice for safety ! and here 
it Ijs^ thanks to my good care ! '' and Dame Mostyn drew forth a small, folded 
pap^x, directed to — *' The trew and gentil maydon, Mistres Alyce Chatfyeld." 
^^iice opened it with trembling eagerness. Written, indeed, in unclerkly 
styX^ and quaint orthography, it was, nevertheless, in Gilbert's own hand- 
wri-tsxng, and therefore doubly precious. It was dated from,. '' My cell atte 
Orcrj^l^e ; " and ran thus : — 

^* Myne owne Sweethert, — God, our Father, seeth yt well to try us. Be of 

lygb-ftegood courage, dearest ; forHeloveth more those whom He chasteneth 

w^b. HvB rod, as Master Warton, one of my Lord Oobham's pore pryests, 

did. areaa to me from the Newe Testament. Dear heart, I thynk of thee from 

moirxm tiU nyghte, and from nyghte till mom, and pray for thee, ryghte h'eartUy. 

IGzx^ owne love, thy face is ever wyth me, and thy brave wordes, when laste in my lord bishop's presence, comfort me now, and will cheer me even 

to tlie laste. Thynk of me, sweet Alyce, as gone but for a holydaye ; and soon 

wvU *the glade dawn break, when our wedded hearts will part no more^ for ever. 

On I for that home, and peace, and reste ! I hear from brother Boger, who 

hatb. shown much kyndness unto me, of the despite done to God's Word, and 

hoYv -they bumte the Gospel Boke I gave unto thee. I grieve much at this ; 

buii X^ray that by some good chance a little Boke may come in thy way. G^t 

ytlf thou can'st, and as thou loveth me, be faithful, and show thyne affection 

by ncutkyng known, as best thou mayest, the ryghte good news for which I die. 

r * * Gfood-bye, sweet wyfe, for so thou art to me ; and as so I love to thynk 

jl ol "thee. Pray for me. To know that my sweet one prayeth for me, gives 

Ci loe oourage and lyghtens alle. From thyne owne, now and in the lyfe 

heyonde, " Gilbert." 

\ Ah ! that letter ! treasured as a memorial of his love, how sacredly was 

\ it kept ! Years and years afterwards, when kings had followed kings upon 

^J^ the throne, and England was another England, in clerkly lore ; that letter — 

^^ yellow with age, and stained with many a tear — ^was still preserved ; and 

^^ lead with curious interest, as evidence of the feeling and the love, of the 

Slavery and nobility of soul, of Gilbert Wright, the Gospeller. 

|0ttin0S torn mx |t0f^-§00li. 

ibis: \ The Bight Rev. Bishop Fallowes left on Saturday, Aug. 18, for America. 

The Bev. H. 0. Meyers preached at St. John's, Southampton, on 
Sunday, August 1 91^, and in the afternoon held a service for children. 

The Bev. E. J Boon, of St. John's Free Church of England, South- 
ampton, preached on Sunday, August 19th, at Emmanuel Free Church of 
!dc4 Ki^and, Putney. 
^14 On Wednesday, August 29th, as we go to press, the foundation stone of 

s, is{ Si Saviour's Free Church of England, Littlehampton, is announced to 
be laid by T. L. Wilson, Esq., of Brighton; Bishops Sugden and Gregg are 
Jie&f expected to be present. 

Stakobltoal churchmen are getting alarmed at the state of things in 
Scaibozongh. Ritualism is making rapid progress there. Evangelical 
"vyioes, aocordinff to the revised Liturgy of the Free Church of England, 
wofQld be a great boon in that important town, as they have already been in 
10 many other places. 

BiBHOF Fallowes, presiding Bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church, 
*^^Qided the last Council Meeting of the Free Church of England, accom- 

Pjnied by Bishop Gregg, and took i>art in the discussion as to the best mode 
England and the Reformed Episcopal Church. 


into effect ^e Articles of Federative Union, existing between the 


\We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions express^ ky omr 



To Hie Editor of the Free Church of England Mctgcudne. 

Dear Sir, — A large number of the nobility luppear to have becooM M 
terrified at the unlioly pranks of the Puseyite Confessors, that thqr ^vn 
forwarded the following ursent petition to the Episcopal Bench, implonos 
the immediate exercise of rrelatical power, for the protection of impfl^U^ 
virtue and innocence : — 

'*To the Most Iteverend the ArchbUhopa, and Bight Reverend the Biaboi^of 

the Church of Enffland. 

*' We, the under&igned, lay members of the Church of England^ beff tpdnf 
your Lordships' attention to the late disclosures concemiDg the book entitled "Tb9 
Priest in Absolution/ printpd at the request of the clergy of the Church of J|pg^ 
united in a society called * The Holy Cross/ and to express our great ahgrm at ^ 
introdnction of the practice of Aun'cnlar Confession into the Church, and cor soirof 
and deep indignation at the extreme indelicacy and impropriety of the quMtuai 
therein put to married and unmarried women, and children. 

'* Believing, as we do, that the adoption of a system of Confession sueh atii sd 
forth in the above-named booh, would he fraught with most fatal consequences to tin 
Church, and would destroy all the friendly relations existing between deigy |od 
laity, we would earnestly and respectfully urge upon your Ixird^ipay pubniuj to 
express your condemnatiou of snch a system, and to withdraw all CQUAtenaDoe boo 
those who favour it, and to urge upon your cler£^ the necessity of its disavowal vai 
repudiation, especially with regard to all places of edncation." 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, in his written reply '* to this importivt 
document/' as he himself calls it, promises '* to lay it before his biiet]yKn 
at the next meeting of the Bishops ; " assures the noble petitioners thf^b 
''nothing shall be wanting on his own part, to maintain, with God's blessKog, 
the pure, Scriptural character of our Reformed Church ; ** and reminds thea 
of certain previously- made pledges (given on several occasions) in Uta 
form of Prelatical Pastorals and Pronouncements, that should convince the 
Peers, and every one else concerned, of the Bishops' determination to protect 
the Church and her children, from the sacerdotal spectres that haunt the 
confessional- box. 

While the Peers, however, are trembling for the purity of their wives sod 
daughters, as tbeir own unambiguous language to the Palates undoubtedly 
proves, the ** Holy Cross" brethren continue to defy the authority of these^ 
their spiritual rulers and '' right reverend fathers in God,'' whose couoiek 
and menaces they have always laughed to scorn. And now, more than everj 
they treat every new enunciation of their official mandates with ineffiibld 
contempt, by their incessant sneers, and grim, ghostly gigglings* 

This momentous and mournful fact, his Grace, the Lord Primate, seems 
to have utterly forgotten, if not ignored, when penning his new promissoiy 
note to the Peers, and therein alluding to previous pledges and guarantees 
of Prelatical protection for the Church and her children ; although the real 
value of such guarantees, whether old or new, can never be fairly estimated, 
in the absence of the light which the ignored, or forgotten, fact of tbe 
Priests' contempt for the Bishops, can shed upon their worth. 

If Dr. Tait's Primatial eyes have grown blind to the painful glare of 
that fact ; and if his noble Memorialists have so modified its intensity, by 
viewing it through the smoked-glass medium of an exaggerated and soptt" 
stitious belief, in the power of mere Prelatical incantation over evil qun^ 
as to make those Memorialists imagine, that these can be exorcised by fJN 
such silly conjuration, or by any mere brutum fuimen the Bishops esn hvn 
at the heads of the "Holy Cross " Father Confessors ; then, nothing better 


in uncere sorrow and pity can be felt for the Primate's blindness, and the 
^perception of the Peers. 

Bat there is consolation in the conviction^ that the optical clearness of the 
a«fc minority of the Church's children, like that of their fellow-Christians 
all other Protestant Churches, is no longer so dimmed, as to cause them to 
le sight of the defiant and scornful bearing of the ** Priests '^ towards the 
relates ; or to lead them to set any value whatever, upon any kind of Pre< 
deal pledges and protestations, that are unaccompanied and unemphasized 
r tiie (lotive energy of the fullest repressive power, which the Bishops- possess, 

''put down Bitualism ;" as, long years ago, they might easily have done, 
A they been willing to put forth even a moiety of their official, ecclesiastical 
liflsance. Not even Episcopal Promissory Notes will be worth the paper 
leyare written on, if they are allowed to be dishonoured. 

l%ere is one thing in the Peers' Memorial to the Prelates, which, more 
ita anything else therein, demands the serious attention of all true Pro- 
etants in the EstabHshed Churdi. It is this : — The noble Lords who pro- 
ist against the Confessional, do so (in that document) only in so far as it is 
A 8!yi|tem of Confession, such as is set forth in the above-7iamed book " — " The 
*riut (n Absolution: " that is to say, only in so far as Auricular Confession 
> a Priest, is conducted, on the polluting plan propounded and directed in 
lat loathjsome ** Manual," specially written for the guidance of the ghostly 
len who shrive the Church's female members. 

No doubt, many of the ninety-six noble Memorialists (some of whose 
ames render it impossible for any one to think otherwise) condemn 
Tuioalar Confession to a mere mortal, in any form or shape, and base their 
bjections to it, and their denunciations of it, not merely on the immoral 
J^encies so inseparable from it, under even the most favourable circum- 
taaces ; but, vastly more, on the blasphemous presumption of the *' priests," 
i daring to usurp the incommunicable prerogative of the Almighty to judge 
nd condemn, or to absolve, the sinner ; and upon the damning idolatry of 
lose who, by going to Confession, exalt the i>riestly usurper into the place 
f God Himself, and of *^the Great High Priest of our profession," **the 

S Mediator between God and man '^ whose priestly omce is sanctioned, 
Br tbe Christian dispensation, by the Holy Scriptures. But, since 
any of the bishops have always sanctioned and encouraged confession to 
the priest," and have pleaded the sanction of the Frayer-hooh on its 
)half — and since certain names among the noble signatories to the Memorial 

the Bishops, point out the most pronounced of Puseyite champions among 
le laity ; no true Protestant can help regretting that the names of some 

our most Evangelical peers, should have been found in such suspicious 
mpany, without the insertion of a clause in the Memorial, protesting 
mst Auricular Confession in toto, and against any and everv kind of 
leration to it, in any sense whatever. — I remain, dear sir, yours obediently, 

AngusJi 13, 1877. G. Butler Bradshaw. 

■ ' . ■ ! 

Jfr0m Stu^mBB to ^luinnt^B. 

CflAFTBB IJ. — ^A Worldly Homs. 

HiAViLT b^lxd^ned with sad thoughts and strong convictions, the young 
d peached her home, and found that her friends had arrived there before 
V. How fdioqld she meet them ? They would have, she knew, but little 
mpathy with her feelings ; and their ordinary Sundsiy evening occupations, 
otdd ill accord with her own sadness of heart. What should she do ? 
KpreflB the re^l caiijM of her sorrow, through the power of the Word 
tached that night 1 No ! she hadn't the courage to do that. And so^ as 
te joinfid the rest of the family in the drawing-room, though her face was 
mewhat pale and her eyes were red, she forced a smile into her features, 
id took her seat among the others by the winter's fire. 


Her futbor, a merchant of good means, had not been to church that night 
He felt dozy ; and, as he preferred sleeping in a comfortable arm-chair, to 
spasmodically nodding his nead in an uncomfortable pew, he remained it 
Lome, and spent his time in alternate dozing, wine-sipping, and glancing at 
the latest copy of the Monetary Gazette. He was in the arm-chair itfll, 
though thoroughly awakened into vigorous speech, bv the return of bis 
family, and the entry of a neighbouring friend ; and then the rest of the 
Sabbath was fon;otten in the commencement of the business of the week. 
Indeed, the weekly rest-day had not been observed at all, except in some 
show of outward reverence. For the whole day long the merchant's thonghti 
had been in his counting-house, and upon the mercantile purposes he hoped 
to pursue. 

The mother of our young friend, was a woman of some religious tee^ 
She really felt some attachment to Christ, though she had never daiedm 
any very positive way to confess Him, even before her own fiunily. Like 
Joseph of Arimathaaa, she was a disciple, '' but secretly." She went to 
church regularly; received the Holv Communion at the appointed times; 
was kind to the poor, and generally encouraged the claims of charity anJ 
religion. But never once h^ she spoken to her husband or her children 
about religious things ; never once had she said what the woman of Samaria 
said to her neighbours, '* Come, see a man which told me all things that ever 
I did ; is not this the Christ ? " If she had been less timid, or, rather, if ahe 
had been more decidedly Christian ; if, as every Christian should, she had 
suffered her light to shine, instead of hiding it under a bushel, what a 
different family hers might have been ! How many of its members might 
have been found rejoicing in the Lord ! 

And what different families many of ours might be — vxmld &e— if our 
daily home life were more in accordance with our public profession. We 
attend the house of God, and thereby declare in favour of religion ; yet when 
we reach home, there is little appearance of religion in any part of our cos* 
duct : our speech is not more sanctified, nor our actions more sober, or our 
tempers more subdued, than other men's. We profess to love Christ, bat we 
never talk about Him ; never so much as breathe His name, even to oni 
nearest and dearest ones. We profess to believe in Christian morality, bat 
we govern our lives by the maxims of the world. We profess to be seddog 
a city yet to come, while all our endeavours are directed to the laying np (n 
treasure upon earth. We profess to regard the Bible as the best of books, 
but every leisure hour is given up to the last new novel, or the newspaper of 
the day. We profess to believe in prayer, yet take nothing to the throne of 
grace of our daily cares, and wants, and rejoicings. brethren ! Christiaii 
brethren ! Ye who bear the name that expresses in itself all that is 
most earnest, and most holy, and most pitying, think of the incon* 
sistencies we are guilty of, and of the great harm done by them to the caiise 
of Truth !• Think of what we ought to be, and then of what we are; of the 
great gulf which separates our profession from our practice ; and tell me if i^ 
be matter for astonishment that worldly men, and even our own families, 
should consider religion to mean only this — ^the attending church on & 
Sunday, and the doing as one likes all the rest of the week. 

And so it happened that in the merchant's house, that night, the name of 
Jesus was never once named ; nor was the subject of religion introduced, 
except, at supper time, when the young friend who had come in to spend the 
evening, raised a laugh by describing what he called the ^' Methodistical 
fancies " of a fellow clerk. 

And she sat there — she, with a heart so full of grief, so burdened vith 
the weary load of sin ! How hollow, theriy seemed all the talked-of pleaBOxeB 
of the world — ^the balls and the routs, the concerts and the shows. What 
was there in any, or in all, of these, to satisfy a soid which was atbiist for 
God ? 


Oh "The Woodpecke» Tapping at the Hollow Beech Tree." 

I KNEW by the smoke that so Romishly curl'd 

Above the hot Censer, a pervert was near : 
And I said^ " If there's treach^y found in this world, 

All noses not Roman^ mast soon smell it here ! " 


It was ruxm — ^yet the candles were flaming all roand ; 

In silence reposed every devotee's tongue : 
And, e:^cept the Priest's n^utt'rings, I heard not a sound, 

But the tinkling of bells upon petticoats hung. 

^* And here, in this Puseyite Church," I exclaim'd-r- 

'' Mass, mumm'ries, and miUin'ry please ear and eye : " ^ 
And I lil^h'd for Old England, that she's not asham'd 

Her iS'toi^^-Church to napie — ^till such blasphemies die ! 


In the sh^de of her Prelacy, Treason now dips 

Poison'd dr^gs in her fo9ntain of Truth ; and reclines, 

There to laugh at the few feeble threats from the lips 
Of weak Bishops ftfraid of her rebel divines I 

% ||«8«gfcte f ar0bg 

On "My Hbabt's in the HiaHLANDS.** 

be sung by any of the "H0I7 Cross" Priests who have crossed the Bubicoa 
(ome^ but whose stifl^^ (ioosoieiicef are ill at ease. 

My hes^ U is Bomish, aad that to the core : 
My heart it is Boiyiish, and Borne I adore : 
Sworn Protestant Parson — to be so I*m loth — 
My heart it is Bomish, despite of my Oath ! 

My h^^t it is Bomish, &c. 

All haU to Old Home I then-r-our 4ear Mother Church ; 
The h^tbplaoe of Pnestcraft— for her. in the lurcb, 
Her Proti^tant Daughter Pve left ; t&ough I'U stfgr 
To poi^m ber ct^mren^ and pocket her pay ! 

My heart it is Bomish, ^c* 

Farewell to the Bible ! though purer than snow 
The dootrines and morals it teaches — ^I know : 
But Deiis and Ligu^riy in " Holy Cross " schools, 
Are guides good enough for the Priests and their tools ! 

My heart it is £U>mish> &c. 

mU I . «"1'l *!»■ » ' 

RfVn ^Po«wf and Pi^rodiei, Itfi^ja oqcI lijrics, both liuther*^ and Loyolan," 

ma to "The So^^ qi J^oW Cross '* S^i^t8 ; a m^nu^cript volume in prepar*- 

9" th« P^^ vhi^h w^ haiVe 1^ ttie pjeasure of peru^ng, and from much we 

le^i aUow^ to ^\sct tbe abpve pirpdics as fair samples of the shorter piece* 
woA. - - ^ ■ 



Adieu to all joys, then, in thee I possess'd. 
Pure Volume of Heaven ! true, holy, and bless'd : 
Proud Priestcraft forbids me my steps to retrace ; 
And, Conscience to stifle, I sing in disgrace — 

My heart it is Bomisb, and that to the core : 
My heart it is Romish^ and Borne I adore : 
Sworn Protestant Parson — to be so Pm loth — 
My heart it is Bomish, despite of my Oath ! 

The Council of the Free Church of England, which met on Tuesday, 
August 14, was occupied during the whole of its protracted sitting (from 
3 until half-past 10 o'clock) in discussing the existing relationship 
between the Reformed Episcopal Church and the Free Church A 
England, and the best means of practically developing the same. Bishop 
Fallowes, who was present, said, that he saw no reason why there shodd 
not be the closest federative union between the two bodies. Their prin- 
ciples and aims were identical, and he could subscribe to everything 
contained in the Canons of the Free Church of England ; the Articles 
of Federative Union already existing, were recognized in their Ml 
meaning by the General Council ; no such articles had been entered into 
by the Reformed Episcopal Church with any other ecclesiastical body, 
and it was most earnestly to be hoped, that nothing would interfere witb 
their fullest practical development. Although no formal resolutions were 
passed, the discussion, we trust, will be promotive of the best interests of 
both Churches. ^^^^^ 


The Rev. S. Williams will take his leave of his friends in England, at » 
social Tea Meeting, to be held at Spa Fields' Schoolroom, London, on 
Monday, September the 17th. Any fnends from the country will be cor- 
dially welcomed. Tea will be provided at six o'clock ; afterwards, a meeting 
will be held, at which the Treasurer of the African Mission will preside at , 
seven o'clock. 

BATH.— Countess of Huntingdon's Chapel. 
Services on behalf of the missions in West Africa, were held at tftj 
Vineyards Chapel on Sunday, July 22, the officiating Ministers being t^ 
Rev. T. E. Thoresby, of Spa Fields' Chapel, London, and the Eey^ 
Williams, of Sierra Leone. On Monday evening, July 23^ public meeW 
was held at the Guildhall, under the presidency of Mr. Handel CoashtfJ 
The Chairman, the deputation, and the R«V8. W. E. Darby and H. "^vstm 


ivered addresses. Mr. Williams' opening remarks turned very naively 
liis first impressions of England and his experience of the English climate. 

then gave an interesting account of the missions. In 1770, Lady 
ntingdon sent several ministers to Nova Scotia to preach the Gospel to 

** African brethren " there ; but the climate was too severe for the black 
n, and they were shortly after removed to Sierra Leone, whither the 
ssionaries accompanied them ; and from that time till now, the mission has 
en successfully carried on. 

BROADHEATH, near WORCESTER— Lady Huntingdon's Free 


This place of worship was re-opened on Sunday, the 5th instant, after 
kving uhdergone a thorough repair. The sacred edihce, which has been 
itirely re-seated, presented quite a neat appearance, and elicited the 
Imiration of every one present. The sermon was preached by Mr. A. H. 
oUins. On Monday, the 6th instant, about eighty persons met to take tea 
»gether, in an orchard kindly placed at their disposal by Mr Baker, the 
revisions and arrangements giving great satisfaction. At half-past six a 
leeting was held in the chapel, the Mayor of Worcester (M. Jones, Esq.) 
residing. The Chairman, in his opening address, took occasion to express 
is regret at the absence of the Superintendent of the Sunday-school, 
lir. C. Jarman), through illness. The Rev. T. Dodd afterwards gave a 
siy satisfactoiy report of the state of the finances. The meeting was also 
idressed by Messrs. Collins, Thomas, and Bradbum. The addresses were 
iterspersed by several hymns from Sankey's collection, which were very 
icely rendered by the choir, Mr. Davis presiding at the harmonium. Votes 
^ thanks to the Chairman and those who carried out the arrangements 
rought this very pleasant meeting to a close. The donations and coUections 
mounted to upwards of 35^. 

EBLEY. — Countess of Huntingdon's Chapel. 

A sermon was preached to a large congregation at Ebley Chapel, on 
fednesday night, July 25th, 1877, by the Rev. S. Williams, a native of 
ierra Ijeone ; a short address being also delivered afterwards by the 
ev. T. E. Thoresby, of London. A collection on behalf of the Missionary 
hurches, &c., was made at the close of the service. 
LITTLEHAMPTON.— St. Saviour's Free Church of England. 

At a meeting held on Friday evening, the 3rd August, in the Assembly- 
K)m, R. French, Esq., in the chair, a resolution was proposed by 
aptain Hills, seconded by Mr. Weller, and carried, empowering the Com- 
ittee to proceed with the work of building the nave, &c., upon Mr. Sne win's 
>nder of 1,205Z. The Chairman stated that it was the intention of the 
OQunittee to build only so far as the funds in hand justified them in doing. 
*. Vines, the late treasurer, reported 379Z. 19s. lid. received, of between 
|000{. and 1,1002. promised ; and disbursements of 185Z. 8s. with a liability 
> October, of 74Z. — Mr. Robinson feared the work of raising so much as was 

Suired would be a difficult one ; but said his promise of support would 
d good, if there were a fair prospect of the successful carrying out of the 
ndertaking. — The Rev. P. Norton stated, that the great bulk of subscribers 
ad paid an instalment of their promises, and the meeting, which was not 
^el^ attended, closed with the usual vote of thanks to the Chair. The 
allowing sums towards the building of the Church, have been promised, or 
jceived :— Subscriptions already acknowledged, 903Z. Ss. ; George Bass, 
fq-, lOZ. lOs. ; A Christian Friend, 61 ; Mr. Thomas Butt (General Fund), 
J ; Mr. Carter, 3Z. 3s. ; Mr. Ransome (2nd Donation), 2Z. 2s. ; T. K., 2Z. ; 
W; Bedman, 11. Is. ; Dr. Hubert, IL Is. ; Mr. E. F. PauU, 12. Is. ; Mr. 
^Biam Fry, 12. Is. ; Captain Wade, 12. Is. ; Bachelor of Divinity, 5s. ; 
^. J. Battersby, M.A., 5s.; Mr. S. P. Ockenden, 5s. ; Mr. Simkins, 5s. 
^e following subscriptions, received last autumn, were accidentally omitted 
1^^ some of the lists : -J. C. Knowles, Esq., 52. ; Mrs. Knowles, 52. 


Subscriptions thankfollj raoeiyed by tbe Bev. Philip Kortoiiy bj u^ 
member of tbe Baildin^ Committee, and at tbe Banks and Poat-oflto. 
PUTNEY. — ^Emmaxuel Free Chubch of Exqlahd. 

Ox Thondaj evening, Angost 2nd, tbe Bev. 8. Williams, of Siecia Lem 
preached at this diurch, on behalf of tbe African Missions, a most able nd 
tboogbtfal sermon from the words, ** Ethiopia shall soon stretch oat her 
han£ unto God." 

TEDDINGTON.— Christ CauBCu Fbbb Chttbch op Evolayd. 

On Sanday, July 22, the Rev. Gordon Llewellyn preached morning and 
evening, at Christ Church, on behalf of tbe African Missions ; and on Wed- 
nesday, August 1st, he attended a public meeting at the Station-road Gidifr 
school^ and introduced the Bev. S. WiUiams, mo delivered an adqunAb 
address. Mr. T. McComas took tbe chair. The collections amounted to ft 

Bishop Faltjowks at TsoDiNOToy. 

On Sanday, August 12th, the Bight Rev. 8. FaUowes, D.D., Pftiidiflg 
Bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church, preached in the morning.^ A 
finer sermon «ras probably not preached in England on this Sanday mommg. 
To a powerful, musical voice, impressive manner, and oratoiy of m^ order, 
the Bishop adds most elegant and appropriate gesture. His splemmsefmoi 
was Ustened to with rapt attention. 

TOTTINGTON.—- St. John's Fbbe Chubch of Evglaitd. 

On Sunday, August 6th, School sermons were preached in this dumb 
by the Rev. S. Williams, of Sierra Leone. There were good sermons sod 
good con^egations, and the collections amounted to neany 601. On Moi- 
oay eveninff a meeting was held in the school-room, in ud of lir. WiOiamp^ 
work in Axrica, presided over by lir. Councillor Horridge. The meetuff 
was addressed by the Revs. S. Williams, John Trotter, and J. Brnnsld^ 
Mr. Hugh Roberts, &a The collection amounted to KM. ; and, with the 
understanding of the meeting, five pounds had to be devoted to the geoenl . 
work under the direction of Mr. Williams, and five pounds specially to till 
chapel at Tombo, for repairs, &c., under the direction of lir. Williams sod 
Mr. Palmer, senior pr^icher at Tombo. The sympathy of the friends it 
Tottington was manifested for Tombo, through a pencil sketch of the clumel 
being pasted on the Sunday-school missionary box, such dcetch being taken 
on the spot by Mr. Trotter on his last visit. ** Be instant in season and out 
of season ! " 

NEW MALDEN.— TRnoTT Fbbb Chuecw of England. 

The Rev. Professor Bradshaw is still ofBciating at this church, and wSI 
do so. it is hoped, for the next three months. During that time he purposes 
to hold, on one evening in each week, a class to prepare those wbo may 
desire it, for the Continuation which it is proposed shall shortly be held in 

Trinity Church. 

WHITWELL, HERTS. —St. Mast's Feeb Church. 

This interesting Free Church, built about eleven years ago, by tbe 
benevolence of a Christian lady residing in tbe village (the land having basn 
given by her husband), has been supplied during the last six montos hf 
Rev. W. H. Simms, who was ordained deacon by Bishop Sogden, at our recent 
Convocation. We are ^ad to learn that Mr. Simms labours and ministit- 
tions in the village of Whitwell, have met with cordial acceptance, that the 
services are well attended, that on Sunday evenings the accommodation has 
been found insufficient, and that the offertoiy has been more than doubled- 

WILLESBOROUGH.— Cheist CnuRCfH Feeb Chueoh of Ekolakd. 

On Wednesday, 18th July, the diildren and teachers of the above school- 
held their first annual festival in a field kindly lent by Henry Foster, Esq. s 
Snrotlands. An enjoyable day was spent, and there was a plentiful snpj^jf 
ci good things. The friends of the church most liberally came forward an^ 
famished ample means to defray all expenses, with a balance ^ hand fo*^ 
rewards at a future day. 


Siaingsfok^. -iRev. W, H. HiutB. 

9 Uld 1 

iT. W. H. Hmas 1 1 

.. Doiraa, E^. I 1 

JwCnrtU 1 

Jriena byUw, H. 5 

KBeUham 6 

Hemfuoa 5 

bl. Rempsoa'a Bax 2 

b. Valimn'B Bol 7 

In. Blandni 10 

Ivrail CallectioDt 11 16 

Suada; -school, OirU. 

In.Gheynei^'aC!>8i 2 4 

H Ayliffu'anadHinSiDith'a 

■in HolmuL's Clan 

„ BUtoh'i ,, 

„ Dnmaoaiid LUaley'sCUas 

„ Ifineaad Rnadle'd „' 

> Flcetwood'i Clui 

„ IlWey'. „ 

„ E T«plm-< „ 


Ir. Hithawty's Clu> . 
b &nt'a „ . 

h. Bnw'* „ . 

le Tulin'j „ 
tche^a „ 

18 2 

12 10 


8 2 

„ UWSUB „ 

lfi.O.Di»w'a „ 

hid^-aehool Collsctiim .. 

Vcnofa.— Per Rev. D. Llovd. 

IbBlaE 1 

mD. Uoyd 5 

l«.8<ipm 6 

.. B.]hit«d G 

« H.]Iuted 5 

,« Wktte .-1... 5 

■O^Jmj 1 6 

.. B^prt. 12 

» Hairt 9 

. OdM 


Saadsy-Bchool 1 16 

CoUectiona afler SerraoDi b; 

E«T, 8, Willi»ma 9 11 

Collection at Pablio Ueetiag... 2 15 

1*88 bj Bipewes 11 6 

Toltl«gloa.~-Rev. 3. BranskUI. 

Collsetiona £l 10 

For TraimnK School 5 

„ Tombo Station 5 

—Per Rsv. F. Newman, 

-Per Rev. J. Trotter. 

Shonham, — Rev. C. Knowlas, 

CoUectiona £\ 17 i 

EidieTviin*ter — Ker. A. Flower. 

CoUectiona £7 12 

SandBf-schaoI.perfttr. Binuian 8 7 6 

Rev. Alfred Flower 110 

Mra. Jlumphriea 110 

Mr. Uraen 6 

Daria 6 

Haycock 6 

Wiltahire 5 

Hamphiiea 6 

Williaroa 6 

Copeland 5 

Nicbolla 5 

WhitUll 6 

Jaa. Jones 2 6 

Adlintoa 2 6 

Tu»hri4ga F«U«.— Ber. Q. Jonee. 

CoUectiona £J2 4 6 

Snnday-scbool (six monUia] ... 5 14 8 

Sale of Atticlea at Bazaar 19 7 

A nonjmo us Donation 1 

OolleGt«d by Uts. Allen 7 8 



TToraa^er.— Per Rev. T. Dodd. 

Collected bv Miss A. Fanner... £0 14 

„ "S. aiflF 4 

„ M. A. Price 10 6 

„ Mrs. Thomas 8 

„ BeviDgton 2 6 

Sunday School — 

Miss S. Price's Class 8 


A. Farmer 
A. Gee 
Mr. Bradley's 
C. Jones 








f * 
f * 












Miss Price's Bible Class 14 

,, E. Jones 5 1 


Mr. Bradbnrne „ 6 8 

Collected after Sermons by Kev. 

S.Williams 15 

E. J. Lewis, Esq 10 

£19 14 6 
Bath.^?er Rev. H. Darbv. 

Collections 7 12 3 

Handel Cossham, Esq 5 5 

Per Miss Clement : — 

Collected by Miss Sansom... 6 


Mr. Lnxton 

Mrs. Skinner 

Miss Flukes 








„ Clement 


Magazine 6 

£13 10 3 
Bristol. — Per Rev. W. Adams, Lodge 
Street. | 
Collection after Sermon and 

Meetinfr £12 2 9 

Cheltenham. — Rev. W. M. Lennox. 

Cllections 7 13 

Subscription 15 

Missionary Boxes : — 

Boys 7 6 

Girls 12 6 

9 6 8 
Less expenses 16 3 

£8 10 

Rev. W. Howell... £6 10 

Malvern. — Per Rev. A. S. Richardaon, 
Emmanoal Church. 

Collections U 211 

Per Miss Stokes : — 

Annie Downes 17 

Selina King 5^ 

John Brewer 5 

£12 911 
Malvern lAnk. 

Collections £1 1 


Collections £8 

Collections £3 1 6 

Spa Fields. ~-Ver Rev. T. E. Thoresbjr. 

Mr. Tnll and Friends £1 1 6 

Mr. Edwin Blnndell 1 

Sunday School — Per Miss 
Policy :— 

Miss Clatterbnck's Class 




















2 2 


2 9 
8 ( 
8 8 
8 9 
8 8 
1 8 

5 4 



A. M. Woodward's Class 
Per Mr. H. Buckland. 
Miss Cornwall's Class 8 8 

,, Larkiu's 
Mr. Jones's 
Att wood's 





• • • • ■ • • I 

8 8 

8 1 
7 « 
7 « 

£8 2 I 

Teddinaton. — Bishop Sngdeo. ^ 
Collection £9 

Lochdale.T-VQX Rev. J. Lovett 
Special contributions for Boat 

for Sierra Leone : — . 

" St. Stephen's " £25 

CorUributums^ dec. ^ to he sent to the Treasurer, Mr. Frederick Wm. WiliLOOO0» 

Myddelton Villas, Lloyd Square, W.C, 


OCTOBER, 1877. 

The chief work and highest aim of all Christian comoianities, oaght te 

the spread of the knowledge of oar Lord Jesas Christ, and of His 
3ssed and glorions Gospel of Salvation. Professedly, with all Christian 
mrches it is so ; bat practically, alas ! it is not. There is too muck 

contention ; not against error, bat against each other ; too mack of 
•ntroversy, toa little of love. 

In the smaller congregations and poorer districts, this is some- 
nes painfully apparent, and breeds an unholy and jealous rivalry. All 
e so poor, both numerically and financially, that they iind it hard 

> be honest; and, instead of emulating each other in holy zeal for 
leir Master's honour, their energies are devoted to the selGsh question 
>w best to fill their own particular Church, and let their pews. 

It is difficult to see how this is to be avoided, until that spirit of 
orldliness^ which mingles so much with the holy things of modern 
itirch life, is driven out by higher and more spiritual aims. We are .ted 

> these remarks by a letter which we have received from an official 
Mmected with one of our Churches^ in wl^ch he complains of certain 
BfoHa, systematically made by some persons holding prominent positions 
^ another Church in his neighbourhood, to coax over several of the 
oonger members of his Church to their own denomination. The de- 
ices used, appear to us discreditable ; and we cannot but pity the 
^oditioQ of those who can condescend to such religious touting. Suck 
^iQgenaoQBDess is trying ; and we need a large measure of that charity 
bich *^ believeth all things," to reconcile such rivalry with a recogaiti<m 
' ttie Qdselfifih ipirit of our common faith. 


The Church Review, in its issae of September 15, has a long leader oa 
" Free Church of Englandism." It expresses its surprise that " thcw 
are beneficed priests of the Church of England who retain their benefices 
and still wish this movement Ood-speed." This it regards as treacbcrf 
and conspiracy, and hints that it would be more honest to leave the Esta- 
blishment and join the Free Church of England. 

Nevertheless, the Church Review admits the force and value of thia 
movement, and, although the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion pre- 
viously existed, even also, the necessity of the Free Church of Eng- 
land ; for as it observes, the ''queer name of the ' Connexion' hai 
hud something to do with the comparative neglect which that 
religions community has suffered. Few people with any sense of| 
humour, would like their religion to be called a 'connexion'; and so < 
few people kno^v, and so few people care, about the memory of 'Selina, 
('Ountess of Iluntingdon,' that nobody, or nearly nobody, would feel anj 
pride in being called by her name." ... So that " Anglo-Protestanti 
turn their attention another way, and they have established what they ttt 
jiiensed to call a 'Free Church of England,' that is^ a sect which is to 
combine in itself everything in the real Church of England that snitsttlj 
traditional tastes of Protestant Evangelical Churchmen. And supposiiig 
that no existing sect could serve their turn," (which is the case), " we tf*| 
sure our Protestant Evangehcals are quite right in doing as they han 

The writer then goes on to say, that from the point of view taken 1^ 
the promoters of this movement, " there is abundant justification for tfca 
formation of a Free Church of England. A Protestant Churchman is ia 
a very awkward position. We say nothing about bis attitude witli ] 
J espect to the Articles, for High, Low, and Broad all find in them pro- 
positions which they think inconsistent with other propositions in tka 
same Articles, and all could wish to see them amended or abolished. Bal 
with regard to the Prayer-book, our Protestant's attitude is serious. He 
cannot use a single office from that collection of formulae without to a 
greater or less degree solemnly making before Almighty God and the (XMH 
g negation doctrinal assertions which he believes to be absolutely false, or, 
at least, liable to serious misconstruction, and favourable to Popish error. 

A RECENT article in the Daily Express, furnishes an illustration of the 
Btrauge confusion of mind which possesses many High Churchmen, and not 
a few of the opposite party. The Daily Express holds up its hands in hoaoij| 
at the scbismatical proceedings of Bishop Gregg, late of Harborne,^ ftw 
indulges in the sage but somewhat truistic remark, that "schism is schism. 
We remember the famous definition of the word " archdeacon," fumiiW 

SCHISM. 183 

luny years ago, by the late Bishop Blomfield — viz., " an officer who dia- 
ihaigea archidiaconal functions," and we beg to congratulate our contem- 
Kiraiy, on treading so successfully in the footsteps of that prelate in the 
KTutice of the art of making statements that convey no new information 

Kow, how does the matter stand ? What is it in the conduct of 
bishop Gregg which excites the anger of the Daily Express ? The Record 
aforms its readers that he is about to enter upon ministerial work 
01 England, as one of the bishops of the Reformed Episcopal Church. 
*lii8, according to the Daily Express ^ is a schismatica] communion. Con- 
Ldmng the source from which this statement emanates, we pause for a 
jw moments, much marvelling — somewhat in this wise : At the feet of what 
istorian has the writer of this article sat ? '* Quis tulerit Gracchos de 
9ditione querentes ? '* The observation might have been intelligible, had it 
een found in the columns of a B.oman Catholic journal, but the Daily 
fJBpress is severely Anglican. We certainly were under the impression 
Hat, at the Reformation, the Anglican Church broke away — as did a 
reat* part of the Church in Germany — ^from the great body of the 
Western Church — from the hitherto undivided corporation of Western 
^stendom. The Anglican Church renounced the allegiance which 
be, like others, had hitherto professed — Groaset^te, Bradwardine, and 
IJiers notwithstanding — ^to the *' successors of Peter" ; and she and they 
svered themselves from the society of which the Churches of Spain, 
^nnce, and Italy continued to be members ; they took matters into their 
vn hands, and drew up a code of doctrine which, they must have known, 
'^onld make accommodation impossible. *^ Schism is schism," says our 
ontemporary. Was this schism, or not, according to the meaning which 
figh Churchmen attach to the word ? At all events, it was wilful separa- 
itfo. But perhaps, that which would have been ^'schism" in the case of 
ny other section of Western Christendom was simply a justifiable assertion 
f freedom on the part of the Anglican Church, or, at most, a venial error. 
Iiat in the ** Anglican " captain is a choleric word, which in the " Puritan " 
tidier is flat blasphemy. 

Perhaps it may be replied, that a National Church has a right to reform 
iaelf, and to separate, if the reform makes separation inevitable ; but that a 
Oft of a nation possesses no such right. But, according to the strict Higii 
%iirch theory — ^the theory that the Church is one corporation, and not many 
-Htnd High Churchmen are fond of telling us this when they enlarge on the 
omifold evils of separation ; according to this theory, a nation has really 
lO more right to separate than SLparith. There can be no question that, 
ceording to the strict High Church theory, the Anglican Church is a 
ehitmatical communion. 

And the truth is, that some High Churchmen are clear-sighted enough to 
idmit this, and of course they deplore the action of the Church of England 
tt the Reformation. Dr. Newman saw the utter absurdity of the Anglican 
NMtiony and, as everybody knows, became a priest in the Church of Rome, 
^course, when the artillery of his merciless logic was brought to bear upon 
hb Anglican theory, it toppled down like a house of cards. 

And, with regard to ^'schism," what is schism, not according to the 
nditional notions of High Churchmen, but according to the New Testament 
Scriptures? Separation from "the Church"? Nothing of the kind; the 
'X^iura of which the Apostle Paul speaks, were divisions in one of the many 
Churches, not separations from them. Those who called themselves followers 
^ Paul, or of Cephas, are not said to have separated from the Corinthian 
^nn^. They had as teachers the Apostles of the Lord, and they ignored 
k fact that these Apostles could not but deliver the same message — they 
Kt the teaching of one divinely-inspired ambassador, against the teaching of 
toother. Those who said '* We are of Paul," would seem to have wt&hed to 


suigB to the great Apostle a pre-eminence whicb he utterly discUisied-HBd 
wonld thus seem to have imperfectly recognized the supremacy of Christ: for 
he says, *' Was Paul crucified for you ? or were ye baptized in the nam* of 
Paul 1 " He seems to say, in other words, " Cease ye from serving xm. 
Call no man master ; for One is your Master, even Christ, and all ye tn 
brethren. We are only ambassadors, bringing you the King's message; be 
ye followers of us, so far, and only so far, as we are followers of Him." Ai 
to tho duty of separation under certain cii'cumstances, he speaks in another 
place pretty plainly — ** Though we, or an angel from heaven, preaeh my 
otlior Gospel unto you, than that which wo have preached unto you, let bin 
W accursed." 

Jfrom Sabixjess to (Slabntss* 


Chapter III. — Alone with God. 

At length came tho hour of parting for the night The kisa was planted 
»D the cheek, tbe loving good-bye ppoken, and the distressed one tooklitf 
way to the congenial solitude of her own chamber. Oh, the bleaaednew ti 
being alone at such a time — alone with one's self, and one's God! Ko 
liuman voice to give expression to human thought ; no noise of woMy 
(conversation to disturb the soul's deep feeling, or interfere with its aapiia- 
tions after the Divine. Blessed season of retirement, how little we enjof 
thee I We, in this busy, bustling age, with throbbing brow and fast-beatog 
pulse, and hands and feet in ever rapid motion, what know tiM of fte 
pleasures or the profit of being for awhile — alone ? Oh, that we would aeeon 
nore often than we do, an hour of perfect solitude, an Lour for akat 
•onverse with ourselves — for silent fellowship with Heaven ! If men wooU 
thus be quiet, we should not havo to mourn over the fading away of so JBiny 
religious impressions, and the cooling down of so much religious zeal. May 
not, at least, one reason why so many fall away, be found in the fact, thai 
they do not spend enough time in silent musing, questioning, and prayer 1 

Such a blessed season of quietness, the merchant's daughter sow 
possessed ; and she made Use of it. Seating herself by the little table thai 
stood near her bed, she leant her head, which ached very much, upon ber 
hands, and began to think of all the events of that night. A strange aeiiM 
of sinfulness and weariness seemed to oppress her. She was alone with ha 
God ; and the consciousness of His holy presence, made her guilt a]^ear 
more terrible than ever, and strengthened her desire to be recoiMiled. 
How should she obtain her desire ? Would her Bible give her the peace 
she wanted 1 And she began to turn over its leaves, stopping to read fiist 
vme verse and then another, in the vague hope that some text might li^t 
vpon her in her search, and bring peace to the soul. But the peace cane 
uot. Every now and then, indeed, some passage full of comfortable ptGai» 
ar assurance, would partly calm her troubled mind ; but the next veiae 
read, would be full of condemnation and threatening — as full of judgment tf 
the other seemed of mercy; and so the spiritual agitation would come bade 
again. What should she do 1 She wanted rest of soul ; how was it thalii 
came not ? Were her sins too great for God's pardon ? Had that sin wbi^ 
hath never forgiveness been committed by her 1 Had she striven against 
the Spirit so often, that now He would not help her in her need? WonW 
the Christ she had so long neglected, no longer bear with her t 

Her mind distressed by these questions, and in the desperation of 
despair, she fell upon her knees, and in broken language, interrupted often 
hj sobs and tears, sent her prayer for grace to the Throne of all giaoe and 
blessing : — 

Oh, God ! I own my guilt ! against Thee, against* Thee, only, have I 



•imnedy and done so wickedly ! Thou knowest my heart, for unto Thee all 
hearts ba open ; and more of sin than I can tell Thee, Thou canst 8e« 
within. In thought, in word, in deed, I have oflfended, and most wilfully 
and foolishly have gone astray. But I repent and turn to Thee, and, though 
unworthy to be called Thy child, I kneel before Thee for Thy pardon. Oh, 
God ! forgive ; for this my load of guilt is heavier far than I can bear ! " 

Chapter IV. — "The Deeds op the Law." 

When she awoke next morning, she was still burdened. The sermon of 
the night before, with its short quotation from Paul's Epistle to the 
Galatians, was still uppermost in her mind : whatever else might be for- 
gotten, that could not be. And the recollection of the love Christ had shown 
in dying, made her sins appear — as they were — very great, and caused her 
to long for reconciliation with God. 

But how was she to become reconciled ? how was she to obtain peace — 
that peace which she had so often heard spoken of, as ** passing all under- 
standing '* ? She put these questions to herself, and sought to answer them. 
She was resolved what to do. She had been sadly neglectful of her 
Bible, and had lived a very selfish life, but she would do differently. She 
would give more of her time to Bible-reading and prayer. Every day she 
would retire to her room, and for an hour, at least, would meditate and pray. 
She would visit the poor also, and seek to do tbem good by taking of her 
plenty to relieve their wants ; sending thus a gleam of sunshine into the 
darkness of their needy homes. She would be less giddy in her behaviour, 
more sober-faced and serious-speaking. And she would try and think more 
about God and religion, and Jesus and His love, and less about the world 
aod its fashionable attractions. Ob ! what resolutions she had made before 
breakfast time came ! And she felt happier, as everybody does who resolves 
in favour of the right. 

After breakfast she set to work. She read many comfortable passages 
from that most comforting of all books, the Book of God, and offered many 
ihort prayers, and made many new resolutions. Thus the hour set aside 
for secret devotion^ having all the charm of freshness, and being called forth 
bj the soul's new yearning after spiritual things^ passed quickly and 
pleasantly away. Then she wrote out in large letters the text that had so 
•traogely moved her heart, and she fastened it against the wall of her 
ehamber, that whenever she awoke her eyes might light upon the words — 
*' Who loved me, and gave Himself for me." 

In the course of the morning she paid a visit to a poor lame woman who, 
ys^rs before, had been in her father's service, but who was now a widow and 
a cripple, and she talked kindly to the poor afflicted soul, and left some little 
delicacy she had purchased on her way. And she felt happier, as everybody 
does who not only resolves to do the right, but does it. 

But she had not found peace ; nor did she find it for many a day ; not 
because it could not be found, but because she had sought it where it has never 
yet been discovered. Her sins still troubled her, and her good resolutions 
did the same, for she found it so hard to keep them. So many temptations 
were put before her, and the old habits appeared so strong, that the inten- 
ti<ms of one day, were often broken before the next day had closed. The 
good she would, she did not ; the evil she would not, she did. There was 
oontinual strife between her desires and her doings. She could not gain what 
the wanted, because she could not become what she had hoped she should. 
The ideal life she had set before herself, in the time of her deepest penitential 
feeling, had never been realized. She was as far off perfection as ever ; and 
MW^ nightly review of the past day's proceedings, revealed so many new sins 
aod thortcomings as to render hopeless any attempt to atone for previous 
transgression, by present and future obedience. Thus the days passed ; in 
alternate hope and despair — ^in the resolving to be good, and the failure to 


be good — in the longing after righteoosnesa and peace, and the possesaionof 
a burden of guilt that had long been borne and was daHy increasing in weight. 
How like the experience of some of us is this ! We, too, have proTed 
the difficulties that stand in the way of our being good. We, too, \m 
hoped for rest of soul, through obedience to a law whose demands no liviiig 
man has fully kept ; and, disappointed in our hope, we have lived od in 
great unrest. We have dwelt in doubt and despondency, when we might 
have enjoyed the perfect calm of the Christian faith. We have failed te 
understand the simplicity of the Gospel offered us by €rod. We have beea 
unready to let go our hold of everything connected with self, in order to lay 
hold on "Jesus only." When shall we learn what God has so long tried to 
teach us — namely, this : that " by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh 
be justified in His sight," and that *' Christ is the end of the lair for 
righteousness, unto every one that believeth. " 

Jfm Cjiurrj^ of (gngknir Poixemjetrf at pttltj^ampian. 

The foundation-stone of St. Saviour's Church, Littlehampton, was laid 
on Wednesday, Aug. 29, when the ceremony was performed by T. Luxmore 
Wilson, Esq,, of Westminster, Treasurer of the Free Church of England. 
The Church, or rather the first part of it, is being built under contract with 
Mr. Snewin, upon an excellent site in the New-road, between the Pier and 
Beach-roads ; and on this spot, which was gaily decorated with flags, several 
hundred persons assembled to join in the stone-laying services. At noon, 
the Incumbent (the Kev. Philip Norton), Bishop Sugden, Bishop Gre^, the 
Rev. J. B. Figgis, M.A., of Brighton, and the Revs. Hubert Bower, 
C. Elnowles, and B. Dinnick, arrived ; and the service commenced with the 
hymn, " This stone to Thee in faith we lay,*' led by Mr. Cardini Cole on the 
harmonium, and a small choir. Bishop Sugden read, in a clear voice, a portion 
of the 87th Psalm and the 2nd of Ephesians ; and Bishop Gregg followed witih 
an appropriate prayer. 

The Rev. P. Norton then gave a brief history of the movement in 
Littlehampton. " We were," said the Rev. gentleman, ** very freely handled, 
or catapulted, from the Church pulpits, here and at Arundel. The cry waa 
raised, and is raised, * These men that turn the parishes upside down are 
come hither also.' We admit the truth of this charge. I rejoice to have 
been able myself, to plant five Protestant Churches in the centre of priest- 
ridden parishes. (Cheers.) We turn the parish upside down, because we 
find it with the wrong side up. But this catapulting was not the only reauli 
The Bishop of Chichester, hitherto deaf to the cries of distressed Protestant 
Churchmen, became now anxious to listen to their sorrows, and soothe their 
wounds. A movement was accordingly set on foot for a temporary church, 
and that movement has been completed. As soon as this temporary church 
scheme was started, there seemed every probability that poor St. Saviour'i 
would be swamped. It was hinted that if I would "depart in peace"* 
handsome testimonial should be mine; but I declined for two reasons : hi 
Because I came here to form a church on Free Church principles* — namely, 
free from State control, free from an unrevised and sacerdotal prayer book, 
and free from a prelacy that differs from primitive episcopacy. Having 
obtained an excellent site, and a large sum of money for such a church, 
for the sake of the present and stiU more for the sake of the future, 
we determined to persevere. The second reason was that we had, an(^ 
have, no confidence in the stability of the temporary church. It may 
at any time become High Church. It certainly even now, cannot claim 
to be Evangelical, with that poisoned bread, ' Hymns Ancient and 

* "Free Church o/ England principles," the Reverend gentleman should have said ; forhe ctf^ 
tainly had not received authority from the Council, to form a Church at LittlehamptoD on uj 
other principles than those of the ** Free Charch of England."— Eo 


xlern'' in its pulpit and pews, rightly called 'Hymns Ancient and 
xiern,' because they contain ancient Popery in the form of modem 
seyism. It may at any time be closed by the Vicar or his successor, 
at) but not least, it is bound to a Prayer-book in which are the seeds of all 
) Ritualism against which it is supposed to protest. The Committee deter- 
Ded to proceed with our work. An excellent design for a church by 
»8r8. Habershon and Brock, of London, was selected from a number sent 
kindly architects. The tender of Mr. J. A. Snewin to erect the nave, 
oporary chancel, <kc., of the Church for ^1,205 was accepted. We have 
ieived, either in payments, or in promises which we hope soon to realise, 
50. We hope to be able to open the church in February nex^ree from 
)t. We are in money matters but a feeble folk. We ask you, therefore, 
strengthen our hands. In conclusion we look forward to the future with 
itidence, because this church is by no means undertaken in a spirit of 
ife, but with the humble desire of promoting the good of man and the 
ry of God. At the same time, this church is intended to be a protest, and 
ulwark against the sacerdotalism that, like a flood, is sweeping through the 
iblished Church. We view with alarm those Anglican priests who 

*' ' Nightly pitch their moving tents 
A day's march nearer Rome.' " 

Mr. Wilson was then sailed upon by the Rev. Philip Norton to lay the 
le ; and a handsome silver trowel was, at the same time, presented to him 
the architect, Mr. Habershon. Under the stone was placed in a tin case 
•ible, a revised Prayer-book, a Free Church of Englaivd Magazine^ a silver 
a of the realm bearing the image of Victoria, a sermon by Bishop 
mmins, and a copy of the Littleliampton News, Under the direction of 
. Snewin (the builder) and his mason foreman, the stone was then lifted, 
I the mortar was spread under it. Mr. Wilson ran the silver trowel over 
and it was lowered into its place, and tapped on the four comers with 
' polished mallet. The stone bore the following inscription : ^* This stone 
i laid by T. Luxmore Wilson, Esq., of Westminster, August 29th, a.d. 
7." After it was placed in position, Mr. Wilson repeated the words, 
■ lay this stone in the Name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost." A 
lection was then made, the Rev. H. Bower, of Brighton, reading the 
Jrtory words as the contributions were being given. 

Addresses were delivered by Mr. Wilson, Bishop Gregg, Bishop Sngden, 
I the Rev. J. B. Figgis. Most of the speakers dwelt with much earnest- 
18 on the Prayer-book being at the root of the sacerdotalism against 
ich they protested. Mr. Wilson, whose speech was humorous as well as 
ling, said there were already fifty-five Free Churches of England, and 
len would soon be spread over the land. 

Bishop Gbeog referred to the Ridsdale and Bennett judgments as 
)wiD|^ that the legal teaching of the Church was such that he was 
npelled, though with much sorrow, to come out of it. He forcibly 
npared her to a ship whose course was changed by a compact and well 
I&nised part of the crew ; and when the others complained, they were 
erred to the ship's papers (the Prayer-book) which were found to justify 
> change. He also spoke with pain of the proceedings at St. Paul's, 
ndon, as being of a highly Romanistic character, and feared it would be 
Possible, under present circumstances, for the Evangelistic clergy in the 
^h to fight any other than a losing battle. 

Bishop Sugden spoke of the progress of the Free Church of England 
▼ement at Teddington, which, though it had passed through a crisis 
itewhat like that at Littlebampton, was now a success; and urged the 
'gregation to enconrago Mr. Norton in his work. Mr. Figgis appropri- 
^y dosed with an appeal to the oongresratiou, to go nway in love and 
^ty to all who loved the Lord Jesus Cliiist. Th^ proce^diw^^^ ii\i\<c^\. 


«rere of an eziremely interosting character, doted with the Dozology, 
given out by the Rev. 0. Knowles (miniBter of the Protestant Free Olmicli 
•I Shoreham). 

Tbe luncheon was held shortly after the stone-laying proceedingi, 
at the Norfolk Hotel, and was attended by some forty or fifty penoiiH. 
Mr. B. French took the chair, supported on the right and left by the 
ministers and gentlemen before mentioned, and the vice-chair was filled 
^y the Rev. P. Norton. There were also present the builder (Mr. Snewin), 
the architect (Mr. Habershon), Mr. Fox, Dr. Vines, Mr. Camell, Mr. J. H. 
Snewin, and numerous ladies. In the evening, Bishop Gregg preached to 

attentive and numerous assembly. 



Obafter XIV. — How THB Good Sbed was soattered in *'yr Oldkk 


The monks had no suspicion of the change in the mind of Bofler. 
JLttidst the espionage, which is the spirit of the monastic life, there nid 
appeared nothing to arouse distrust, so that Roger was free to go and 
eome, unquestioned and unmolested. Gilbert knew this, and one dayb^ 
said to Roger — 

^' Would'st thou do me -j\ kindness 1 '* 

*' Yea, in good sooth,'* replied Roger, ** right heartily will I." 

" Go, then,'' said Gilbert, ** to my mother-^Dame Wright ; tell her that 
Her son is happy, and greeteth her with filial love. She needeth oomfoitt I 
ween. Say some soothing words to her, and assure her that I am content; 
and — and ask, before thou lea vest, how fareth it with Mistress Alice." 

Roger lost no time in fulfilling his promise ; and having occasion to go 
isto the village, he made his way to Godiingstone Grange. 

Dame Wright, since these troubles had come upon her, had suffered muflh* 
Gilbert was everything to her in this world, and now she seemed bereft 
indeed. At first she was so prostrated with her grief, that they feared sba 
would have died. But it was not to be. Very slowly she recovered; 
h«t the joy of life was gone, and she wondered why her days bad 
been prolonged. Her misery was increased by her helplessness, for, although 
her neighbours were kind, she had, at first, none with whom to talk about 
her son. She was too feeble yet, to seek him, even if the monks would grant 
her an interview ; and Alice, poor lass, had been too ill to visit her until very 
lately. !Now, indeed, she came often to the Grange, and tended her as a 
daughter. With her came no little comfort ; for Alice had a noble heait) 
that could hide its own sorrow, out of pity to another's grief. 

Thus, Alice was sitting with Dame Wright, on this very afternoon, as Bof^e' 
irisited the Grange. You could see at once that these women were in deep 
trouble. The solemn gravity of the elder, and the pale, wan face of the youngof) 
told their own tale of bitterness. As if dreading to hear the truth in aooebts 
tio» lovd, they were talking in a subdued tone of the coming doom of Gilbert 
Human love, tossed and torn, was seeking some haven of rest and hope, in tbe 
iBsovrees of Faith. But the strife,, just now, was wearying and trying) t<> 
hearts so heavy with the stem realities of present woe. 

*^ Dear Alice," said the Dame, in a feeble voice, and rocking herself on 
her stool, ^^ would that we had the Gospel book now ; methii^ it would 
comfort me to hear those sweet words of Christ, that my Gilbert used to 


'* Oood mother, Ipt ^e iiry and rememb^T tb^m, ' 

" Thou, Alios ! I wist Hot that thou hacbt heard them oft enough for 

*^ The Spirit bath helped ipe, dear mother ; and even a little of Christ's 
Vord hath abandant comfort." 

'< Tell me, Alice, if tbou canst remember it, that verse about the heart 
lot being troubled.*' 

'* Lei not your hec^rt be iroiibled, " repeated Alice ; ** ye believe in God, beUeve 
.1-90 vn Me. " 

" What gentle words, Alice ! " 

" JioiZZ iu>t have you comfortless,^ continued Alice, ^^ I will come to you.** 

'^ Gro on, dear Alice," said the Dame ; " these words soothe me, and sound 
o me as the bells of evensong. Hast thou yet another ? " 

" Yea, a sweet one. Listen, mother ! * Peace I leave with yo^i> — my peace 
^ give unto you ; not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be 
roMedy neither let it be afraid.'" 

And so they conversed, until disturbed by a gentle knocking at the door. 
'Vithout waiting for a bidding, Roger entered. The sight of him in the grey 
rown of his order, drew from Mistress Wright an exclamation of fear ; but 
^<;er, with a smile that betokened sympathy, repeated the words he had 
>verheard ; 

" ' Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid.' ** 

Nevertheless, the women were silent. The coming of one from Greyleye 
Priory, must surely betoken evil. 

" Good lady," said Roger, " be not alarmed. I come from thy son." 

*' Then I pray you speak quickly ! " said the Dame. 

" He sendeth thee greetings of love and duty, and asketh thee, out of 
ihine. affection, to help him with a brave bearing of thy trial, for his sake." 

Tears filled the eyes of poor Dame Wright, and she could not speak for 
K>bbing ; whilst Alice hid her face, and wept noiselessly. Soon, however, 
Uice looked up, saying — 

" And Gilbert ! His heart faileth not, I trow 1 " 

" Master Wright knoweth naught of fear, for Christ is with him," solemnly 
replied the brother. 

" My own brave, noble Gilbert ! " impulsively exclaimed Alice, her pale, 
tweet face lighting up with the beauty of enthusiasm. 

" Mistress Alice Chatfield, I ween ? " inquired Roger. 
• "The same." 

" Then, truly will Master Wright rejoice in the opportuneness of my 
▼int, for he talketh much of thee.'* 

"Doth he ? /Even amidst his sufferings ? " 

" The more, perhaps, because of them. As the strange power of the magnet 
^raweth iron, so the sympathy of sorrow draweth true hearts the nearer," said 
Hoger, with a sigh, and with an abstracted look, as if his thoughts were un- 
bnmng some tender memory of the long ago. 

For a few minutes they sat in silence, all, respectively, so busy with their 
own thoughts, as to be forgetful of each other. A rap at the outer door 
disturbed them, and Alice went to open it ; when she did so, she saw there 
% mffL with sandalled feet, his dress poor and travel-worn, with a satchel 
^ bis girdle, a stout staff in his hand, and a small pack slung across his 

"Nay, good master," said Alice, "we lack none of thy wares to-day." 

''Fair mistress, grant me thy patience," said the packman; /'it will 
plotmre me to show, and thou need'st not buy." 

** Waste not thine own time and mine," said Alice ; ^' we are in sore trouble 
^«e, and cannot chaffer with thee now." 

/' * In trouble ! ' " exclaimed the packman ; *' then, indeed, have I some- 
thing thou needest — a rich cordial for sorrow." 


** Nay, good man, we need not thy cordials. Spare me, 1 prithee, from 
further speech,*' said Alice, partly closing the door. 

*^Fair mistress, pardon my importunity, while I crave thine hospitably. 
I have travelled far to-day, and am weary and foot-sore ; grant me a rest, and 
a cup of water, for Christ's sake.'* 

Had not the inbred hospitality of the age prompted aoquiescenoe, theie 
words, ** for Christ's sake," would have been enoueh for Alice. Opening the 
inner door, she bade the packman enter, and brieify explaining the matter to 
Dame Wright, she brought, with her own hands, a cap of water and a small 
wheateu loaf, and set them before the stranger. 

The packman looked askance at Roger, and keenly watched him, as be con- 
versed with Dame Wright. Finding his opportunity, he turned to Alice, and 
gaining her attention by a motion, as if he needed the replenishment of bis 
cup, he whispered — 

*^ What meanetb this monkish visitor in the home of a Gospeller?'' 

Alice was startled at this unexpected question from a stranger ; the more bo^ 
perhaps, as there was something in the packman's manner that robbed it of 
all impertinence. 

*' What," she said, " is that to thee ? '* 

'^ Pardon, I prithee,*' said the packman, "the seeming rudeness of mf 
question, but wolves are dangerous visitors to the sheep. " 

^' But the monk," said Alice, " although from Greyleye, cometh as a 

'' A friend ! " replied the packman, incredulously. He kept his eye upon 
Roger, and munched his bread in silence. By-and-by, catching the atten- 
tion of the novitiate, he said aloud, *' I heard in the village, as I came along, 
that the master|Of this house was in trouble. Sir, how fareth it with him now I'' 

Brother Roger glanced at the packman with a suspiciousness natural io 
those dangerous times, when it was hard to distinguish between friend and 
foe ; but, after a little hesitation, he said — ^' Master Wright beareth the matter 

" But hath my lord the Prior brought him to reason ? Will he recant, and 
escape the burning? *' inquired the packman. 

** No ! " exclaimed Roger ; ** his heart feareth not the flames. The 
Gospeller will die, and die rejoicingly, for the Word's sake." 

" * For the lord's sake ? ' " said the packman. " Why, good master, thy 
tone bespeaketh praise ; which seemeth, methinks, somewhat contrary to thy 
garb, and to thy deeds." 

** My deeds ! " exclaimed the monk. 

*' Yea, good master, be not offended ; but a gossip told me as I came along, 
of the brave burning of the Scriptures the other day, by the holy brethren of 

A cloud, more of sorrow than of anger, passed over the face of Roger, 
and the sigh that escaped him was noted by the inquisitive packn^, 
who again, in a tone of indifference, but with latent sarcasm, said — 

** Hast thou really purged the village of these Gospel writings, good 
sir ? Hast thou thoroughly burned up every bit of parchment writ with 
Scripture 1 — burned it thoroughly, eh 1 '' 

**I fear me it is so," answered Roger, with a stammering tongue ; "«* 
least— that is to say — I believe they have." 

The hesitating manner, the evident sorrow of the novitiate, did not pass 
unnoticed by the keen watchfulness of the packmaiL It seemed td satisfy hioS) 
and, after a moment's thought, he made a bold venture. 

'* Methinks, good sir, that the Word, for all that, might yet be found in 

*'Mavbe," said Roger, ''but only, alas! in the hearts and memory 
of some." 

"J meant not that." 


** What more, then?" 

" Why, that I could put mine hand on a New Testament featly writ, 
hout mach search, or even the aid of master constable.'* 
" Where ? where ? Tell me where, I pray of thee ! '' demanded Roger, 
•h glad eagerness. 

" That thou mightest bum it, eh ? " asked the packman. 
" God forbid ! " impulsively exclaimed the novitiate. 
The eyes of these two men met. Each read in the other a testimony, 
tt inspired confidence and mutual faith. 

Without another word the packman arose, opened the door, looked 
itiously out into the hall, closely shut the door again, and resumed his 
t. Then, from the folds of his robe, he drew forth a copy of the New 

All eyes were upon him, and on his every movement. The very sight of 
volume brought looks of joy and thankfulness. The packman glanced 
nd upon them, and was re-assured. 

** Good friends,*' said he, *' this is a copy of the four Gospels, with the Acts 
the holy Apostles, featly writ by one of my Lord Cobham's scribes, in 
amon English tongue. I have brought it from afar, with some smaller 
iptures, that 1 sold at slender costs to yeomen in country villages, as I came 
ng. Hearing at Andover of the troubles here, and how the Word bad been 
mt by the monks of Greyleye, it was put into mine heart to bring this 
scious volume to Studmore, that it might, with God's blessing, shine as a 
ht amidst the gathering gloom." 
" What," asked Roger, " is the price ? " 

''Five marks,'' said the packman; ^* a large sum, but little w}ien coro- 
red with the labour of transcribing, and incomparable altogether with its 

The book changed hands. Dame Wright gladly gave the money, and 
ded to it warm and abundant thanks to the packman, for bringing to her 
lely heart this great consolation. 

Ah ! how much does posterity owe to those colporteurs of the olden time ! 
iimble sowers of the seed, when to sow that se^d was death ! Wycliffe's 
[M)or priests " in his day, and Lord Cobham's scribes in the times of which 
) write, carried, at much personal risk, the written Word of God into the homes 
English franklins and craftsmen — ^into the upland towns and country villages, 
d sowed, not for lucre, but with love and holy faith, the Bible seed of the 
iglish Reformation. 

And the seed thus sown in faith, was by-and-by to germinate in a kindly 
d productive soil ; and, despite the chilling and unpropitious blasts of 
sfavounng priestcraft, to send up vigorous stems of soul-saving truth sM 
er the land, rich and beautiful with foliage and flowers of heavenly 
omise, in spite of all the furious winds and storms of persecution that were 
shake them. 

Nor could all the malignant power of the popedom, the scowling discourage- 
mt of adverse princes, and the blasting cruelties of the " Holy Inquisition," 
event those flowers of scriptural truth from developing, in myriads of 
iman hearts and lives, into a heavenly fruitage of ** Righteousness, 
ace, and joy in the Holy Ghost." 

No ! nor could the combined hostility and prejudicial influences of all 
086 retarding and destructive forces, hinder the heavenly seed that had 
Qs germinated, blossomed, and fructified, from maturing into the glorious 
^Tty of the Reformation ; the emancipation of the human heart and mind 
>m mental darkness and spiritual thraldom ; and into that national freedom 
d greatness, neither of which has ever been found associated, for any length 
time, in any country, with monkish superstition and Popish rejection of 
e Holy Scriptures. 

Well done ! then, brave-hearted Thomas the packman \ 'R.\^,\i«^atA ^ 



powers of human imagination, will be the eternal harvea^ of bleaiadnmthat 
thon hast long since begun to reap, from the ''seed of the kingdom" so 
faithfully sown by thy hands, in the mental and moral fields of Stadmocft 
Little didst thou, and thy now glorified fellow-labourers, fancy, whensottter- 
ing the sacred seed in its once unpromising soil, how greatly your hambla 
efforts were contributing to lay the foundation of England's fotnie grait- 
neas, and to fill up the measure of her children's happiness. 

Ohaptbb XV. — Anthony Baktov and Hig Nibob. 

Anthony Barton looked upon all that had so hurriedly oooarred, ud 
which had so disturbed the even tenor of his lifci with much astd^hment, 
and with some feelings of humiliation. He saw that his position and import- 
ance were gone for ever in Studmore. The whole training and prejudiees of 
years had sustained a shock ; and it seemed to him as if the world had been 
turned upside down, and had become so jumbled together in the proeen. 
that there was no distinguishing between right and wrong. 

But Anthony felt in his heart too much real sorrow, to be bitterly angrt. 
He looked upon LoUardiy as a crime» and thought that Gilbert was pre- 
i^umptuous, in setting up his own opinion against tiiat of the Ohurch ; but he 
could hardly bring himself to believe that he was really guilty of heresy. HefeH 
indignant at the conduct of Prior John and the monks of Ureyleye. Be wtt 
a thorough Englishman, and therefore loved straightforwardness in all thiD|8; 
and he did not like this cowardly, priestly system of entrapping and catchng 
people unawares. Besides, " whatever they might find against GilberfWrig^ 
what could they possibly want to worry his niece about P If she did read 
the book, about which the monks made so much fuss, what harm coiUd h do 
her, poor thing P She was innocent enough, he could vouch ! His Alice an 
heretic ! A pretty thing, indeed, to say in the face of the churchwarden of the 
parish ! '* 

fiut when the dread news came, that Gilbert was to die, the heart of 
Anthony was stirred with bitter feelings, not so much, perhaps, on account of 
Gilbert, as out of compassion for the sorrow of his niece. A few days after 
he had broken the news to Alice, be hurried off to the Vicar, and besought 
his intercession with the Bishop — then he gained an interview with Pn(V 
John ; but from neither, to his indignation and surprise, did he meet with aoj 
hope, nor even with any sympathy. Indeed, he was told by the monk that "he 
had better mind his own business, and keep a sharp eye upon Alice ; for, unldM 
she gave proof of speedy submission, by St. Dunstan, it would go hard with 

When Anthony returned home from this interview, he found Alice in tean. 
The fatal day was fast approaching, and her heart yearned to see Gilbert; vet, 
knowing the vindictive spirit of the monks, she saw no way to accompliBh 
this. It seemed so hard, that whilst Gilbert was passing through the furnace 
of this bitter anguish, she should have no power to comfort him. 

Her uncle told her the un^uccessfjil result of his interview with the Prior, 
with a gentleness full of loving sympathy for her sorrow. 

" Oh ! uncle, uncle !" she cried, " is there no hope that the hearts of these 
stem men will soften P " 

*' None ! " impatiently replied Anthony, " Why did he not recant ? Whj 
not submit P Methinks, if he loved thee truly, Alice, Gilbert would not be eo 

" Uncle, think not so. Gilbeit is true and brave. 1 know," continued 
Alice, as a blush overspread her sweet face, " how much he loveth me! " 

*'Poor Alice! my poor Alice ! " said Anthony, in a tone full of tremblioj 
tenderness ; '* would, Oh ! would that I could help thee ! " 

** But I fear, dear uncle, thou canst not : yet, I must see Gilbert." 

" See Gilbert ! " exclaimed Anthony. *' Impossible ! " 


" Why P " said Alioe. ** Sarely these men, if they have on^ spark of the 

3 of Christ in them, cannot deny me that." 

*• Alice, my darling," replied the old man, ** they have no mercy, no com- 

ision ; and Prior John is wrathfuUy bitter. Besides, they "say that heresy is 

infectious as the sweating sickness ; and seeing that thou art under a ban 

eady, they will never let ye meet, I fear.'* 

There was a flush over her pale face, a trembling of the lip, a tear in the 

i—but there was a strange determination in her voice, as she replied : " See 

bert, I will, uncle, even if I were to walk to Winchester, and crave the boon 

the Bishop ! " 

Old Anthony looked at his niece, in amazement. He could scarcely believe 
kt this was the quiet, gentle Alice of a few weeks ago. She had scarcely 
ised her girlhood ; yet, now she seemed old, by having travelled through this 
ray of sorrow and disappointment. 

'* Tush ! my dear," said Anthony ; " thou art beside thyself. The roads 
i rough, and dangerous, too, for stronger limbs than thine ; and it's a good 
^'s ride. Be patient, Alice, and let us weigh this business in our minds, and 
I if it can be compassed." 

He sat silent for a few minutes ; then hastily rising, exclaimed .* " 1 will 
un to Master Roger de Whittingham, and urge the suit." 

" God speed thee, uncle ! " said Alice, vnth a sigh, and giving him a parting 

" I will use me all diligence," said Anthony. " If 1 fail, I will go myself 
Andover, and see Father Gamard, who hath some influence with Prior John, 
d hath avowed a friendship for me." 

Anthony found his mission qiore successful than he had anticipated. Bis 
sition as churchwarden, the respect with which he was held in Studmore, 
d his known loyalty to the Church, were considerations of no little weight 
th the Vicar; who, after some hesitation, sat down and wrote a few words in 
^ on parchment, and having affixed to it a weighty seal, and elaborately 
dressed it to the " Venerable John, Prior of Greyleye," gave it into the 
Ads of Master Barton. 

Thus strengthened, Anthony's request was received with favour by Prior 
»hn. Not out of any sympathy for Alice, but because that astute monk saw 

a glance, that this interview might be the means of weakening the stubborn 
1th of the Gospeller. Would not the sight of Alice kindle afresh the passion 
■ bis love ? and would not her distress, and the bitterness of parting, conquer 
18 obduracy, and lead him to a full recantation of his heresy ? Ah ! he was 

keen psychologist, and thought he could probe the depth of the human 
^d — but he knew nothing of the ennobling and self-sacrificing power of love ; 
Dd, least of all, of that disinterested Christian love, whbh imparts such 
Biestial sublimity to the earthly passion. 

" How beareth Mistress Alice P " he inquired. ** Doth the girl show any 
gns of submission ? " 

" Poor lass ! Methinks," replied Anthony, " her grief drives away all other 

*^See to it. Master Anthony; see to it! " said the Prior, with an ominous 
fowtt ; " we expect thee to answer for thy niece." 

Nevertheless, tiie Prior sent for brother Roger, and giving him strict orders 
observe due care apd watchfulness over the heretic, told him to admit 
l^aiter Anthony Barton and Mistress Alice Ghatfleld, to an interview with 
^rt, on the morrow. 

(To be contimted.) 


Cbe gxn Cj^urrj^ d (gnglanir— Mj^at it is! 

By the Rev. P. X. Eldbidge. 

*' What is the Free Church of England ? I have never heard of sucha 
Obiirch !" Sach is the exclamation and inquiry of hundreds of earnwt 
Church people, who, when lamenting the presence of advanced RituaUsmin 
their midst, are told to join the Free Church of England. Although the 
Free Church movement was commenced many years ago, its existence is itill 
unknown in some quarters, and not a few persons are ignorant of the good 
it has accomplished already, and the further good it is capable of acoom- 
plishing, under the blessing of God. Hence the inquiry, " What is this 
Free Church of England ? " which it is the object of this paper to answer. 

The Free Church of England is a duly organized, ecclesiastical 
body, whose Constitution or ''Deed-poll*' has been enrolled in the High 
Court of Chancery. 

The Free Church of England is an Episcopal Church, with Bishops 
in the same historical succession as the Bishops of the Church of England. 
It adheres to Episcopacy, not as of Divine right, but as a very ancient anli 
desirable form of Church polity. 

The Free Church of England uses a Revised Book of Comkox 
Prayer, in which everything that sanctions, or appears to sanction, sacer- 
dotal teaching is carefully excluded, while the old and much -loved forms of 
public worship are retained.* 

Thk Free Church of England admits the Laity to the work and 
govemmcBt of the Church. Every congregation is entitled to send, at least, 
two lay delegates to the Annual Convocation and Synodal Meeting ; and 
such delegates have power to take part and vote in all discussions, and in the 
election of bishops, he. 

The Free Church of England declares its belief in the Holy Scriptures 
of the Old and Kew Testaments as the Word of God, and the sole rale of 
faith and practice ; and it condemns and rejects the following erroneous and 
strange doctrines, as being contrary to God's Word : — 

First. That the Church of Christ exists only in one order or form of 
ecclesiastical polity. 

Second. That Christian ministers are *^ priests,^' in any other sense than 
that in which all believers are " a royal priesthood." 

Third. That the Lord's Table is an altar, on which the oblation of the 
Body and Blood of Christ is offered anew to the Father. 

Fourth. That the Presence of Christ in the Lord's Supper, is a presence 
in the elements of bread and wine. 

Fifth. That Regeneration is inseparably connected with Baptism 

The Free Church of England permits no Church decorations, orna- 
ments, vestments, postures, or ceremonies calculated to teach, either directly 
or symbolically, that the Christian ministry possesses a sacerdotal character; 
nor does it allow any Communion Table to be constructed in the form of an 

The Free Church of England is a Reformed Church, with a 
Reformed Episcopate, Reformed Convocation, and Reformed Prayer-book. 

The Free Church of England is a Protestant Church, protesting 
against the errors of Romanism, and the teaching of the Romanizing clergy 
in the Established Church. 

The Free Church of England is an Evangelical Church, upholding 
the doctrines of Grace, and seeking to lead the sinner to the " One Mediator 
between God and men — the Man Christ Jeaus." 

The Free Church of England is a Catholic Church, recognizing the 

* The Prayer-Book in most general use throughout the Free Churches of England, ia ^ 
revised nn er the direction of Lord Ebury and the Committee of the Prayer-Book Revision 8oci«V 


linistry of all Evangelical denominations, and holding Christian fellowship 
ith aU who love the Lord Jesus in sincerity. 

The Free Church of England, in short, is essentially one with the 
/hurch of England ; only free to use a revised Prayer-book ; free to unite 
lergy and laity in the government of the Church ; free to effect occasio^al 
•olpit exchanges with any Evangelical minister in good standing ; free to go 
ato any parish and preach the Gospel ; and free to debate and regulate its 
wn ecclesiastical and spiritual affairs. 

Thus, the Free Church of England is the simplest, most practical, and 
lOBt powerful weapon, with which to combat the Sacerdotalism that is 
estroying the Established Church. It meets the Ritualists on their own 
round, on the question of Orders ; it provides the liturgical worship, which 
hurchmen love, purged of the priestly leaven which all true Protestants 
^lior ; it saves expensive law costs ; it avoids the bitterness and anger 
^asioned by a prosecution in the Ecclesiastical Courts ; it testifies against 
ror in the spirit of love ; and it provides a I)resent and efficient refuge, for 
lose families who are driven from their parish churches by false teaching, 
unscriptural and unprotescant ritual. 

Jottings from mx |tote-§00k» 

The Meeting of the Southern District was held at Westminster, on 
ptember 11th, and was well attended. 

The Rev. E. J. Boon preached at the Free Church of England, High 
ycombe, on September 2nd and 9th. 

At the last Council Meeting of the Free Church of England, the Rev. 
J. Boon and the Rev. M. Lefeaux were appointed members of the 

At Cardiff a Confirmation Service was held at St. Paul's Free Church of 
igland, by the Rev. Bishop Price. The Bishop preached morning and 
ening on behalf of the Extension Fund. 

We have received from the Secretary of the Reformed Episcopal Church 
America, a copy of the Canons, as revised at the last meeting of the 
^neral Council. 

We have received an excellent photograph of the Rev. S. Williams, 
lose recent visit has done so much to interest our congregations in the 
rican Missions. On receipt of seven postage stamps, Mr. TuU, of 
, Whiskin Street, ClerkenweU, will be happy to forward a copy to any of 
r readers. 

We deeply regret, and we are sore that our regret will be shared by all 
ierested in the work of the Free Church of England, the publication of the 
'ters by the Rev. T. E. Thoresby in the Rock, of September 14th and 
8t, reflecting sevei^ely upon the report of the laying of the foundation- 
>ne of the Free Church at Littlehampton in the News, the substance of 
iich we give in this number of the Magazine, We have received 
'cral expostulations at the bad taste displayed by Mr. Thoresby in 
18 matter, and with all our profound respect for the talent, aivd oxvt d<^^ 


sppreciution of that gentleman's inestimable personal qnalities, we eamiot 
bnt think that oar friend has been^ on this occasion, injadicions and ill- 
timed in his remarks, and nncharitable in his reflections npon the conduct 
and motives of gentlemen who have given ample proof of their earaesl- 
ness in the canse of Protestant trnth. We have only seen Mr. Thoresbj'i 
letters and Mr. Norton's replyjas we go to press. The Rev. Mr. Norton 
has done good service in the Free Church of England, and has the esteem 
and confidence of the Conncil, of which he is a member. We deplon 
this unseemly controversy as to the relations between the Refonned 
Episcopal Church and the Free Church of England. Nevertheless, then 
is something to be said on both ffldes. A little more straightforwardnesi 
on the one part, and a little mord forbearance on the other, would havi 
prevented a discussion, the result of which cannot be advantageous dther 
to the Reformed Episcopal Church or to the Free Church of England 

By kind permission of the Rev. J. Abbott Peters, M.A., the Bev. 8. 
Williams delivered his interesting lecture on Sierra Leone and her paopkf 
in the lecture-hall of the above college. The Rev. J. Trotter took the chair. 
The Principal of the college, with all the masters and students, weri 
present, who highly appreciated the lecture. Mr. Williams met two of hii 
countrymen here, much to his joy. The collection was over 4L 

BERMUDA.— St. George's Free Church op Enolanp. 

Our friends at Bermuda have purchased a site for their permanent chuieb, 
and have commenced to build. Quietly and steadily, they have from the 
lirst, gone on their way, feeling their strength and conscientiously attendipg 
to their new work. Ridicule, opposition, and snubbing they have met 
with ; but such attacks have always been treated with that indifeimiee 
with which conscious strength can bear opposition, and even smile it 
its impotence. "The Free Church of England," says the Bermtiia 
Colonisty "is the only church organization in Bermuda that is actually 
self-supporting. W^ithout legislative grant, or pecuniary assistance from 
the parent Church in England, the membpra of the Free Church in 
St. George's have secured the services of a clergyman second to none ia 
the colony, and have, at the expense of the congregation, brought him and 
his family from England to Bermuda. During the last two years and more, 
they have paid their clergyman a salary of 200i. a year ; they have f umuhed 
a parsonage, hired a suitable building in which to hold their services, wd 
have fitted and decorated it in a neat and becoming manner ; have purchtfed 
an organ, &c. ; and at the end of each year, without imposing an extwj 
ordinary or unusual tax on themselves, have had a balance to the credit of 
the Church. And now, in less than three years from the first b^^oiilgw 
thiB movement, they have secured a suitable site for a church, and are. ahont 
to begin its erection. Such is the record of this self-supporting sect, doiinf 
a period extending over little more than two years." We underatuid thi^ 
the necessary deeds and conveyances attending the transfer of the pioptfV 
that has been purchased, have been executed and delivered, and that thtf* 

every likelihood of the building beii^g completed, within twelve mos^ 
from the present time. 


CARDIFF.— St. Paul's Free Churoh of England. 

On Sunday, the 16th September, the Rev. Bishop Price preached both 
truing and evening in this church on behalf of the Bishop's Fund, 
.^ congregations were large, the collections amounting to nearly ^7. In 
9 afternoon at 3 o'clock, the Bishop held his first confirmation at St. 
vftTs. The church was crowded in every part ; and the service, which ia 

aH times a most solemn one, was rendered more so by the manner in 
Lxoh it was conducted on this occasion. In addition to the collections, 
>X3ai8es were obtained from several members of the congregation amounting 
sfctiout ^60. 

I'he church is at present undergoing repairs and painting to protect it 
'laa the weather, and will look very beautiful when finished. The cost of 
3 painting, &c., will be about i*35, which we hope our friends will soon 


-A. successful Missionary Meeting was held in the Town-hall of the 

o^ve place, on Wednesday evening, August 29th. The Rev. J. T. Bland 

3a.cbed. The Rev. J. Trotter spoke at some length on the history, people, 

cc^dte, education, and religion of West Africa ; which was followed up by 

Interesting speech, giving particulars as to our own special work in 

Leone, by the Rev. S. Williams. The collection amounted to 4J, 

HOLLINWOOD. — St. James's Free Church Oi' England. 
A Service of Song, entitled " David," was recently given in the church ; 
t"- D. BL. Taylor, of Oldham, being the reader. 2L 10s. 5d. was collected. 
^^ Oldham Standard, in reporting a lecture given on behalf of the African 
■salons in the church, by the Rev. W. Williams, says, that " in connection 
til St. James's Free Church of England, there are excellent Sabbath and 
^y -schools, the former numbering 350 scholars and having 40 teachers ; 
^iile in the latter, which are under Government inspection, and supervised 
r -Mr. Hodgkinson, there are close upon 300 scholars." 

XITTLEHAMPTON.— St. Saviour's Fbeb Church of England. 

On Wednesday, the Free Church of England movement was advanced 
[bother important stage in Littlehampton by the lading of the foundation 
tone of St. Saviour's Church. The addresses then given can hardly fail to 
^Ve been helpful to the movement ; as they were certainly in the main 
9^erful arguments for its necessity. It is impossible for us not to sympathise 
'itli the Free Church and its work, and seeing that it has created in some 
^Jaae another church than itself — a rival, by the way, of incalculable value 
> Xiittlehampton — we can only hope that the town will sufiiciently extend, 
^<i with enough rapidity, to support efficiently and well both the churches 
roioh may be thus said to have sprung from the Rev. P. Norton's visit to 
<>^ttl6hampton. Should they both succeed, the town will vastly gain, by 
^Hg thus able to meet in so many ways' the varied religious requirements of 
^Otte who frequent it. — Littlehampton News, September i . 

OSWALDTWISTLE.— Holy Trinity Free Church oy Enqland. 

On the last Sunday in August, two excellent sermons were preached to 
^^e congregations in this church by the Rev. S. Williams, whose presence 
^ODgst the people at Oswaldtwistle was bailed with satisfaction. On the 
flowing Tuesday evening a missionary meeting was held, presided over by 
^. Metoalf, Esq. After the reading of th& second Psalm by the Rev. J. T. 
^Und, and prayer being offered by the Rev. W. E. Holt, the Chairman 
vriefly addressed the meeting. The meeting, which was a very crowded one, 
^^ flJso addressed by the Revs. J. Trotter, S. Williams, W. Brunyate, H. 
'^^08, and W. E. Holt. We must not forget to add that some of the work- 
P^pie at Mr. Hoghton's mill presented Mr. Wiiliama ^iUi «biL vjidx^'ss^ ^i 


hearty welcome to the village, accompanied with a small sum of money for 
the missionary funds, and a piece of calico woven in the mill. The anniyei- 
sary tea meeting w&s to be held on Saturday, the 29th inst. 

SOUTHAMPTON.— St. John's Fkbb Chuech of England. 

The work of Sunday-school building is now being taken up in earnest 
by this Church. At a church- meeting held on August 21, 120/. 19s. ^d. in 
cash was received, and promises to about 84^, there being 12^. previoiuily 
in hand. Mr. J. Stevens had most generously prepared plans of great 
beauty and excellence, but it was found that some 800^. would be reqaired 
to carry them out, and reluctantly the Church has been obliged to decline 
undertaking to raise so large an amount, and has requested the Building 
Committee to consider plans not costing more than 400/. to 500^., if possible 
to accommodate 300 children. With the energy which this church has 
evinced from its birth, we shall hope to see these schools progressing 
towards completion by Christmas. Scnool buildings are much needed here, 
for as the church increases in numbers, its usefulness in furthering various 
branches of Christian work is much hindered for want of suitable accom- 
modation for meetings, &c. It is hoped that the friends of Free Church of 
England Sunday-school work — for the importance of which see J'Vee Churcit 
of Englatid Magazine, September, "Priests among the Children," — ^will 
come forward and help in building these schools, that the hands of this 
Churcli may be strengthened and its ability to do good increased. Con- 
tributions will be most thankfuUy received by the pastor, Rev. E J. Boon; 
the Secretary, E. Page, or any member of the Committee. 

In the absence of the Rev. Mr. Boon, the pulpit of this Church was 
supplied on August 26th, by the Rev. J. Wilkie; on September 2nd, by 
the Rev. H. Webb-Smith, and on September 9th, by Rev. S. J. C. Dicksee. 

WHEELTON.— St. Paul's Febe Chuech of England. 

On Saturday, the 11th of August, the annual treat came off with great 
success. The teachers and scholars met in the schoolroom at two o'clock^ 
where they formed a procession headed by the drum and fife band, and, 
after paying their usual visit to the parsonage, &c., took possession of » 
large field, in which they enjoyed themselves until dark. The day was very 
fine, and about seven hundred were present. The Rev. J. Miley, of 
Middleton, the Rev. J. T. Bland, and several friends from Oswaldtwistle, 
the Rev. S. Williams, of Sierra Leone, and the minister of St. Paul's took 
an active part in the proceedings of the day. 

On Sunday, August 19th, excellent sermons were preached in the above 
church by the Rev. S. Williams, of Sierra Leone, on behalf of the African 
Missions. On the Monday evening a crowded meeting was held in tbe 
schoolroom, presided over by the Rev. J. Trotter, at which the Rev. S. 
Williams gave a graphic and very interesting account of Sierra Leone and 
her people. F. W. Willcocks, Esq. , the Treasurer of the Society, was also 
present. The collections were over 201. Some of the ladies of the con- 
gregation are busily engaged in making garments for African teachers and 
children. Dr. Jackson and family have presented Mr. Williams with a 
beautiful Musical Album, in which he will take home with him the photo- 
graphs of a large number of his English friends. 

WHIT WELL, HERTS.— St. Mary's#Frke Church op England. 

On Sunday, September 16, sermons were preached by Rev. W. H. Simms 
on behalf of the Indian Famine Fund. The congregation heartily responded 
by contributing nearly 5^. ; a good sum for so small a church. 

WILLESBOROUGH.— Christ Church Free Church of England. 
On September 2nd, the Rev. J. Wilkie preached in this Church, and 
on Sunday, September 9th, the Rev. H. O. Myers officiated, and held » 
special service for children in the afternoon. 


Our excellent friend, the Rev. Samuel Williams, sailed from Liverpool on 

urday, the 22nd September, for his return journey to his native country. 

has all along continued in excellent health, and has performed his mission 

rlt well. The following account of his last service at " Spa Fields Chapel '' 

'ropied f com a local paper : — 

* On Monday evening a farewell service was held, previously to the 
^rend gentleman leaving England. After a tea-meeting, at which the 
TXk was well filled, a public service was held, presided over by Mr. F. W. 
Ucocks, a former Churchwarden of the parish, and some excellent and feel- 
speeches were given by Revs. Bishop Sugden, T. E. Thoresby, G. Jones, 
Trotter, Thos. Dodd, and several other ministers and friends. The chair- 
»a, after recounting the almost innumerable presents which Mr. Williams 
L received for himself and for the African schools (in which the Lady 
iiitingdon and Free Churches of England take great interest), presented him 
>li one of tiie best made Clerkenwell watches, suitably inscribed, as a 
LTenir of his visit to England. Mr. Williams, in an excellent and feeling 
»«ch, returned bis acknowledgments, and took an affectionate leave of a 
ge number of enthusiastic friends. The meeting was appropriately 
Bed with the Benediction by the oldest minister of the community, 
'v, L. J. Wake, who is entering upon his 87th year." 




idteton (Rev. J. Miley) ... £6 6 6 

llinwood 17 

a«nadd 119 

^erstoD(Rev.W. Troaghton) 3 14 

beelton (Rev. J. Trotter) ... 20 3 5 
aton College (Rev. T. A. 

Peters) 4 7 6 

enfield 4 10 

verpool (Rev. J. Worrell) ... 2 12 6 

ide8ley(Rev. J. S. Eastmead) 3 18 1 
^rwich — Westbeech House 
(Rev. J. J. J. Eempster) — 
collected hy Mrs. Eempster : 

08waldtwistle(Rev. J.T.BIaud) : 

Collections £20 15 6 

Workpeople at 

Mr. Hoghton*8 

Mill 2 12 

Re7. J. T. Bland 

(special) 10 

Mrs. Brett £0 

E. K. Harvey, 
Esq., J.P.(De* 

paty - Mayor) 1 
Rev. J. J. J. 

Kempster 10 

Mrs. Eempster 5 

Miss Lock 5 

Mr. Nockall ... 4 


2 10 

23 17 6 
Leamington (Rev. W. H. 

SistersoD) 3 6 

Wycombe(Rev. H. WebbSmith) : 

Collections .. 8 8 10 

T.L. Wheeler, Esq. 2 2 

10 10 10 

Leominster (Rev. J. Slater) ... 4 7 9 
Ledbury (Rev. G. H. J. 

Llewellyn) 16 

Hereford (Rev. J. Wager) 17 

Ludlow (Rev. J. Rennv) 13 1 

Cardiff (Rev. J. Mackie) 3 12 

Putney (Rev. H. 0. Meyers)... 1 15 
Exeter (Rev. J. Wonnacott)... 13 
Teddington (Rev. Bishop 

Sngden), in full of £9 10s . 10 

mtrihutions^ <fec., to be sent to the Treasurer, Mr. Fkedekick Wm. Willcocks, 

MyddeUon Villas, Lloyd Square, W,C, 



ily 23. Mr. J. C. Part, Teddington, (two years* subscription) £4 

,, „ Mr. T. L. Wilson, (second subscription) 10 

„ 29. Mr. Dagg, Brighton (ditto) 10 

tf >} 
>» »» 

» »» 

200 H0TICE8. 

Aug. 3. Miss HuslcissoD, Brigbtou (ditto) 5 

14. Mr. G. M. Craufnrd, Teddington .•. .,.. 1 

Mr. Edwin PackhaiD, Brighton 1 

Mr. J. Ayres, New Maiden (second iostalment) 1 

Rev. P. Norton, Littlehampton 10 

„ 17. Mr. W. Denyer, Teddington 1 

,, „ Mr. ThoR. McComas, Teddington 5 

„ 21. Mr. J. Garrett, Teddington 100 

„ „ Miss M. J. Thomas, Teddington 5 

„ „ Mr. T. W. MuDDs, Teddington 1 

„ 29. Mrs. Ann Tily, Teddington (second instalment) 1 

„ „ Mr. S. F. Nurse, Teddington 1 

,, „ Mr. G. Malcolm, Teddington (second instalment) 2 OC 

„ „ Mr. A. Spurr 6 

Sept 5. Mrs. Sarah Hill, Teddington 100 

,, ,, Mr. Collings, Littlehampton 1 1 

„ 11. Mr. W. T. Smith, Teddington 1 

,, ,, Mr. Merry weather, New Maiden (second instalment) 5 

„ „ Rev. J. B. Figgis, Brighton (ditto) 1 

Rev. H. 0. Meyers, Putney 2 

A Friend (donation) 10 

June to Septembeii, 1877. 

Beceipts £106 19 ^ 

Payments , 103 9 > 

Cash in hand £2 9.7 

NOTK.— Subscribers to the £5,000 Extension Fund will kindly forward M 
promised contributions to the Treasurer, T. L, Wilson, Esq., 3, "Westmiiwter 
Chambers, Victoria Street, London, S.W. 


Mr. C. D.Hope. — Shall be glad to send informal ion. 

Mb. O. B SwAiMsoN.— If you desire to read the High Church view of the Bpiscopal (^taUoi;!^ 

had better g-t Brett's " Divine Right of Episcopacy ;'' but a far better woik is Dr. Jmov* 

" Ecclesiastical Polity of the New Testament." 

T. O. — No. Ihe Rev. Bishop Fallowes, presiding bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Charch, W 
consecrated on Presbyterian Orders ; Bishop Cridge on Episcopal Orders, l^e matter, bo** 
ever, Is of little importance. 

Rkobivkd.— Mr. Tull, Rev. T. Dodd, Rev. Professor Bradshaw, Rev. J. 8. R., Bishop Pkiw, B*'- 
R. A. Bilkey, Dr. Lane, R. Steer.^, Bishop Oregz, Rev. J. Braoskill, Mr. Fletcher, Be^ 
W. H. Simms, Rev T. Worrall, Rev. T. Bland, Rev. J. Renny, Bermuda ColonM, "!■• 
Appeal," *' Lite and Death, by the Rev. Edward White," LiitUhampton News, Surtty (M- 

i» it 
a If 





In future, all letters, applications, and inquiries relative to the general work of 
the Free Church of England, should be addressed to. Mr. F. S. Mbbbywbathib, S<i^ 
See^ Free Church of England Committee Kooms, 3, Westminster Chambers, "^^ctori** 
street S.W. 


Subscriptions and donations, which are urgently needed to extend the HodJ* 
Protestant Mission Work of the Free Church of England, may be sent by (^^ 
Post-office order, or stamps, addressed to the Treasurer, T. L. Wilson, Esq., 3, Wd^ 
minster Chambers. Victoria-street, S.W. 

Applications or inquiries relative to the opening of Free Church of Ijog^ 
Services, in parishes b^t with Ritualism and SacerdotaUsm, may be addrelied 4o tt>^ 
l^resident or Secretary of the District to which that application relates. 


NOVEMBER, 1877. 


By Clemens Anglic anxjs. 

e that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the Churches" 

— ^Rev. ii. 7. 

Our Blessed Lord prayed for His disciples : " That they all may be 
) ; as thou, Father, art ia me, aad I ia thee, that they also may be 
in U8 ; that the world may believe that thoa hast sent me." And 
lin, ** That they may be m^i^^ perfect in one'^ (Joha xvii. 21, 23.) 
This was a diyine purpose and ideal, accepted and recognized by the 
ostle Paul, and variously urged by him upon the Churches of his day. 
or we being many are one bread [loaf], and one body : for we are all 
takers of that one bread" — St. Paul, 1 Cor. x. 17 ; *' Now, ye are the 
ly of Christ, and members in particular " — 1 Cor. xii. 27 ; " There is 
body, and one Spirit," &c. Eph. iv. 4-6. The Apostle John also 
s taught to present the united, glorified Church, in this its heavenly 
ty and purity and beauty, to the eye of every believer upon earth, as 
le Bride, the Lamb's wife " — Rev. xxi. 9. All the Apostles more or 
1 directly enforced Christian union. 

It is admitted by all Christians, that this unity should exist, and he 
nfested on earth. Why is it not? Simply because the various 
arches do not reflect the Spirit of Christ; and because they all 
uire other conditions of unity, than those set forth by the Holy 
irit. The basis of union, as laid down by our glorious Lord and 
sad, is a state of inclusion in the Father and Himself— ^^ One in us." 

> individual, no body of men, has any right to vary this divine con- 
ion, set forth by the Holy Ghost. The recognition of this basis by 

> holy Apostles, is very clear. St. Paul writes : " But to us [Christians] 


there is bat one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in 
[unto] Him ; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we 
by Him.'' 1 Cor. viii. 6. St. John writes in the same spirit: "Herebj 
know ye the Spirit of Qod : every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ 
is come in the flesh, is of God." 1 John iv. 2. The Apostle Peter pro- 
nounces his benediction thas : '^ Peace be with yoa all that are in Christ 
esus." 1 Peter v. 14, The Apostle James, " a serrant of God and of 
the Lord Jesus Christ,'' warns : '^ For where envying and strife is^thereis 
confusion, and every evil work." '^ And the fruit of rigbteonsnessis sown 
in peace of them that make peace." James iiL 16-18. The Apostle Jads 
warns most solemnly against those ^' who separate themselves"; and urges 
us, "Keep yourselves in the love of God," Ac. (21-25). This should 
suffice for the Church through all time. The individoal and the fellow- 
ship that recognise and avow these great truths must be of God, and if 
" God hath received " such persons, or Churches, no man nor any bodj of 
men, has the right to reject them, so long as they are true in heart and 
in life to these divine confessions. 

It would be easy to show, from the earliest history of the Churches 
of Christ, that this basis was recognized as sufficient. It has been wd 
said, *' The prioiitive Church stood upon no narrower base than the 
doctrine of the Incarnation of the Son of God, in the person of Jesos 
Christ."* But beyond the inspired Word, recognised by all as the 
authority, we do not care to go. No genuine tradition of the Ho^ 
Universal Church can, if the Church has acted consistently with her high 
character and calling, contradict the mind of the Spirit as set forth in the 
Word. The error of the Church, then, has obviously been in insisting 
upon human creeds, confessions, articles, catechisms, constitutions, modes 
of ecclesiastical government, worship, and discipline, as neceaaanf and 
divine bases of union. All these may be useful and good, and may have 
served great purposes, and yet be serving them ; but they are not the 
divine bond of the unity of the Church of God. When that Church, in 
its youth, was '^ of one heart and of one soul," it had no formulated 
creeds ; b ut it had Apostolic teaching, fellowship, breaking of brea4 
prayers ; and, continuing in these, it praised God, had favour with the 
people, and received daily accessions of those who were being saTod. 
Subsequent differences of judgment, and administration, and doctrine, and 
worship, and use, did not interfere with its unity. Only when its M 
love had grown cold, and worldly, ambitious, and bitter controversies 
and heresies had been used by Satan, to alienate the members of thefamllf 
of God, were its heavenly foundations forsaken. 

It has lately been common, under the impulses to union which we 
believe have been inspired by the Holy Spirit in many branches of the 

* Mo88man*s " History of the Early Christian Church." 


lurch tmiyersal, to refer to the Nicene Creed as the point around which 
5 divided Church should rally and re-unite. There was, however, a 
int of rallying fixed and recognised long before the fourth century. 
lij should not the faithful rendezvous there ? The Great Captain of 
3 sacramental host of God stands forth ; the armies of heaven follow ; 
Lbe glorious company of the Apostles/* " the goodly fellowship of the 
rophets/* " the noble' army of Martyrs," summon the Church to His 
andard. It is on Mount Calvary, not at Nicaea ; around a dying, living 
brist, and not a formal creed, that the Church must rally ; and endowed 
rith the Holy Ghost, His gift, must go forth as aforetime to her hard 
oils and her sure triumphs. 

It is the bounden duty of every body of Christians, that is " in the 
Father and the Son," to receive every other, so situated, and so standing, 
to the glory of God. 

The question may arise, whether it is right to waive the claims o^ 
truth and consistency in the interest of unity, seeing that there can onljr 
be real unity in the truth, in its common acknowledgment and obedience. 
If we were committed to the errors and failings of one another, and if we 
were required to abstain from that holy controversy which contends for 
truth in love, this question might be raised. This, however, is by no 
means the case. Christian love forbids our allowing an^ sin in one 
Uiother. It commits us to a mutual service, and a helping of one 
ttiother's faith, and to a mutual edification. Is it not far more likely 
iat the loving, confiding, intercourse and communion of Christians at the 
eet of Jesus, and in the common enjoyment of His love, and in the 
ellowship both of devotion and service, will do tnore to bring about real 
greement of opinion and sentiment, than fierce and acrimonious controversy 
torn the strongly fortified camps of our several political parties and 
eligioos sects 1 

The Ascended Lord of us all, gives to all, duties and gifts, and graces, 
W mutual help in our common spiritual dependence, " until we all attain 
the oneness of the faith, and of the knowledge of the son of God to a 
^rfect man, to the measure of the maturity of Christ's fulness." 

The Cross of Jesus is set up in the midst of us all, and He who 
long npon it is the loving Saviour of us all, and the loving Father's gift 
us aU. The Throne of Jesus is set up before us all, and in one Spirit 
^ love we all do homage and adore Him who sits upon it. By-and-by 
le will spread His tent over all, and everyone will bathe in the Eternal 
ight, and unite in the new song, and combine with all other in heavenly 

Withoat the sacrifice of any truth, but together praying, hoping, and 
^tmg for the perfection of the Church of God, let us gather around our 
iisenLord, remembering Him and His love ; and, led by His Spirit, await- 
^g His coming, let as serve Him, and seek by lovo to ser^^ ou^ ^xio^^^x. 


Dear brethren of the scattered flock of Christ! penned in manyta 
earthly fold, scattered over many a bleak and dry and rocky pasl^m, 
harassed by many an enemy, and chiefly by " Vie Adversary^ — ^letus^lore 
one another, for love is of God," and His Love is oar Life ! Let as rally it 
His Cross, meet at His Table, mingle before His Thronej march ander Hk 
Banner! ^'Now, the God of patience and consolation grant yoatobe 
likeminded one toward another, according to Christ Jesas ; that ye my 
with one mind and one month glorify God, even the Father of oar Lord 
Jesas Christ. Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also beceivb) 
us> to the glory of God/' Hom. xy. 5-7. A door is opened in hearen: 
Let ns look within, and, listening to the prayer of onr High Priest, ''that 
they ALL may be one^^ let ns hinder no more its accomplishment! 


On Monday afternoon, Angust 27th, a large number of persons usemUefl- 
at St. George's, Bermuda, to witness the ceremony of Liying the Comer 8ioii^ 
of the new Free Church of England. The assemblage embraced persoiuaf 
all classes and ranks, resident throughout the different parts of the Islandi. 

The proceedings commenced with singing a hymn, and the reading fli- 
portion of Scripture by the Bey. W. 0. Brown, after which prayer was offeHM- 
by the Rev. K. F. Juner. 

The Bey. B. A. Bilkey the incumbent of the Free Church of England, callA 
upon W. C. Hyland, Esq., to deposit a bottle, as customary on such occasioiii* 
The bottle contained the following inscription : — " St. Paul's Free Chnicho^ 
England. Corner Stone laid August 27th, 1877, in the good reign of Quee»- 
Victoria, and the Governorship of Sir B. M. Laffan." This bottle, deposited 
beneath the Corner Stone, contains the following documents, &c. : A brii^ 
history of the Free Church of England in Bermuda, with the names of th^ 
Church Committee and Building Committee, of the Contractors for th^ 
Building, and Designer of the same. Also, a programme of the day's 
proceedings ; also, the Magazwe of the Free Church of Englcmd; also the 
Royal Gazette and Bermuda Colonist ; also coins of the Bealm, for the 
1876. God bless the Church, and save the Queen ! 

Everything being now in readiness, J. B. Swainson, Esq., presented 
Bev. Mr. Bilkey with a silver trowel with which to spread the mortar, thi^* 
having been duly performed, and the stone deposited in its bed, Mr. Wesj^ 
pronounced it well and truly laid, in the name of the Father, and of the S oc^ 
and of the Holy Ghost. The choir and audience united in singing a hynw-* 
of Thanksgiving ; after which, Mr. Bilkey, standing on the newly-laid ston^^ 
said : ^ 

It falls to me, dear friends, to address a few remarks to you on this txaifi-^ 
cious occasion. Allow me, first, very gratefully to acknowledge the honoir ^ 
which you have done me in placing me in the position of chi 
builder to-day. I take it as the expression of a people's kindness, and 
such shall always value it. Let me congratulate you, as I trust we oM^-- 
gratulate each other, on the event of this day ; and still more on wli«* ^J 
prefigures and promises. This is to us a day of days — we shall not kn o^^ 
a gladder, till the bright Bermuda sun shines upon the opening and dedic^*^ 
tion of this same building, and our satisfied hearts fill its walls with pn»^"*^" 
But our joy is great to-day— ii is even as the joy of them that have w»it 
for the morning, and at last behold its dawn. 


It is proper that I should here say a word SDnceming the history of our 
iciilding Scheme. I need not point out the reasons why we build — ^they are 
K> obvious to need mentioning. The question has been, how to do it ? We 
» not a rich people, though we are a united people. We had to move slowly 
id carefully. Subscriptions for the purchase of the site soon came together, 
id we had the land. Then we had to face the larger matter, How to do 
f Well, several schemes were projected, some of which we should doubt- 
iss have ultimat^y adopted, had not a better come unexpectedly to the 
•ont. It was on this wise. One of our own number — a quiet, non-consplcaous 
idi^dual — one of those men who may be meditating to do some wonderful 
tiiii|; when jou don't dream of it — one for whom I should like to ask you 
9 g^ve three cheers to-day — came, as I say, unexpectedly to our help, and 
;eii.eronsly offered to advance the necessary funds, the congregation paying 
dm back in subscriptions within five years. That suggestion was like a 
natch set to touchwood— it lighted all our hearts, if it also lightened our 
>ocket8. Subscriptions were immediately promised, and are already being 
ngid in, to the amount of nearly ^61,000. And that is where we are to-day. 
We want more money of course, and particularly ready money. But we have 
cause to be restful and confident. We thank God and take courage. 

If I must say something about our movement here as a Church,it will needs 
be little. I will not venture even to touch upon the local causes which led 
to this movement. Enough, that they were deemed to be sufficient. With 
those causes, I, personally, of course, never had anything to do ; nor have 
we now, as a Church, anything to do with them. They are past and gone ; 
let the dead past bury its dead, while we strive, in all Christian charity, to 
live unto better things. 

There is one thing I should like to refer to, in all sincerity and good 
feeling. My esteemed brethren of other Churches, whose presence we hail 
amongst us to-day, will understand the spirit in which I speak. It may 
have been thought by some, that there was no real occasion to set up an 
additional Church, and that the homeless congregation should rather have 
sought a home of adoption in some one of the existing Evangelical Churches. 
ISow this could not well be. The wrench from old associations was keen 
enough as it was ; it would be too much to expect that the wrench could 
be softened, by a change to entirely new and different associations. A people 
■0 long and so dearly attached to episcopacy and a liturgical service, would 
natorally desire, if possible, to retain those cherished forms. Believe me, 
xny dear Methodist friends, it would be no less hard for you to change your 
class meeting, and your other cherished Methodist features, for things quite 
luukocastomed and strange. Besides, there was, and is, room for another 
Church— at least for another Episcopal Church, which, being Episcopal, 
should at the same time be Evangelical and free. The Free Church of 
^England has a work to do in Bermuda, a work which, I humbly submit, 
no other Church in these islands is so peculiarly fitted to do. I repeat 
what I have said, that there is room — yea, a crying occasion — ^for such a 
Church ; you can work it out for yourselves. 

And now, it yon will bear with me, I should like to avail myself of an 
opportunity which may not soon be afforded me again, of making public what 
we are as a Church, both here and wherever our Churches are established, 
^r^^^ing generally, we were raised up as a Church, to afford an asylum for 
^.^Dgregations of the Church of England that should be discontented with 
^^^ circumstances, either because of the Ritualistic innovations, or the 
^due or arbitrary authority, of the clergy. We are not, strictly speaking, 
HP^^Ye, neither are we duputatious. We poach in no man's preserves, 
*jd We dispute no men's vested rights. We simply go where we are sent for. 
We think we know what the Church of England ought to be, and we endeavour 
to create such a Church of England wherever we plant our feet. We think 
*™g» are going wrong in that Church, and we try, feebly, but often success- 


fully, to set ibem right. We scout the '' Priest" entirely : he is never so 
much as breathed amongst us. '^ There is one Gk>d, and one Mediator be- 
tween God and men, the man Christ Jesus." While we hold to the Divina 
institution of the Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper, we throw 
all Sacramentalism overboard, iterating and reiterating that what amanmiufc 
do to be saved, is just to believe on the Lord Jesus Christ. As to doctriiM^ 
we hold the Thirty-nine Articles, revised. As to local polity, we uiiite 
the laity with the clergy in all internal Church management. As to genezal 
polity, we adopt Episcopacy, not as of Divine right, but as a very ancient 
and desirable form of Church government. We reach out the right bud 
of fellowship to all Ministers of orthodox Churches ; repudiating the Bondsh 
dogma of Apostolical Succession in the Ministry, as involving the transmii- 
sion of spiritual powers. We also fraternize with all orthodox Christian 
Churches, believing, and rejoicing to believe, that we are all one in Obrist 
Jesus, and that He is the Head, in whom all the memben, fitly joined 
together, grow up unto a holy temple in the Lord. 

One matter more and I have done. We call ourselves *'The jFVeeGhoreb 
of England." The title was at first thought by some in our Con Yocation si 
home, to be presumptuous ; but reflection soon showed it to be tilie only 
proper name. Are we then the Church of England ? What do you mesnl^ 
that ? Jf you mean the Church of Eugland as by law established, and as hj 
Parliament paid and patronized, then I answer, *' No." If you mean l^ 
Church of England, the Church of England rent as it at present deplorably u 
— by divisions, and hardly recognizable by reason of its wide diversities in 
ceremony and doctrine — then we are not the Church of England. Bat if yon 
mean the Church of England as it should be ; the Church of England accord- 
ing to the spirit of the Reformation ; the Protestant Church of England ; the 
Church of England free from State restraints and sacerdotid libertinism ; then, 
indeed, we are the Church of England — the Free Church of England. In what 
then are we free? Free to do what we like, and preach what we like ? No, no! 
In these respects we are not nearly so free as another Church which could be 
mentioned, where, truly, whatever is liked by any clergyman is done, and 
whatever is liked by any clergyman is preached. We don't pretend to a free- 
dom of that questionable sort. But we are free rather as being bound — ^bonnd 
to preach a pure, and simple, and saving Gospel, and bound to provide for the 
people, a people's Church. Accordingly, we are free to go into any parish, and 
preach the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. Where that Gospel is preached 
we do not interfere, but where another Gospel is preached — ^that of Saints and 
Sacraments — we do, when called for, interfere. Free to use a Revised Book 
of Common Prayer. Free to unite the laity with the clergy in the government 
and work of the Church. Free of all State support and control : yet, we are not 
Disestablishists, and have no quarrel with State Churches, as such. Free to in- 
terchange services with the clergy of Evangelical denominations. And free to 
hold communion with all who, in every place, call on the name of Jesus ChnsU 
our Lord — both theirs and ours. Our motto, therefore — ^the motto with whicb- 
each single stone in this building may well be supposed to be inscribed— our 
motto, I say, is that of the Pilgrim Fathers : as it was also of the Lollards^ 
the Waldensians, the Covenanters, with the more modem Nonconfonnists* 
and as it is, indeed, of the universal conscience — Freedom to worship God!* 
At the conclusion of the address, a collection was made on tiie. spot^ 
amounting to the sum of ^13 10s. 

The ceremony was brought to a close by the whole company singiofiT 
" God Save the Queen.'' 


**A Rockitb" in the Bock of September 28th, refers to a recently 
published article and letter in the late Daily Express^ cautioning the 
litualistic Olergy to be aware of a greater danger than the Beformed 
Spiscopal American Church in this country. The writer gives several 
easons for sounding this warning : '^ (1^ That the Free Church of England 
Las a true episcopacy as well as the American Church, both emanating from 
he same source (i.e. from Canterbury) : (2) That the Free Church of 
Cngland has many churches about the country, while the American Church 
las only as 'yet made a footmark on English soil :' (3) That the Free 
/hurch of England is thoroughly Church of England in its mode of worship : 
i) That in its name it has an advantage over the American Church, ' Free ' 
xpressing that freedom of worship which so many desire, and 'Church 
•f England,' what so many loVe, while it sounds more churchlike than the 
»ther. The writer says that those who love Catholic revival have more to 
ear from the Free Church of England, than from the American Church. 
le recommends the clergy not to treat them as other Dissenters, but does 
Lot state how they should be dealt with, and ends his letter with some 
lonsense about * Catholic teaching.' Surely, Protestants, to whom the name 
md worship of the Church of England is dear, if driven from their own 
t^arish church by Popery, will prefer taking refuge in a Church which in 
aame, in liturgy, and order, is more like their own ; than in a new American 
institution, that has not even stood a trial in the place of its birth." This is 
valuable testimony to the usefulness of the Free Church of England. 


Chapter V. — Gladness. 

The cold east winds and biting frosts had given place to the genial 
warmth and renewed loveliness of the spring-tide, when, on one bright 
Sabbath night, the merchant's daughter sat in her accustomed seat at 
^Qrch, feelmg more sad at heart than she had felt for many days before. 
•Tile old burden still oppressed her ; the old sins still accused ; the old long- 
^i^mained still unsatisfied. Never before had she so felt the worthlessness 
'* All her good works ; never before did her sins appear so many or so 
'*ck: ; never before had she so wished for peace. And that night, when 
^0 preacher rose to give out his text, she fixed her eyes upon him, as if 
^'i^^ohing him to find some word that should still the tumult in her souL 

^t^e preacher, always earnest, was, if possible, more earnest that night 
1^ XLsual, as he sought to expound and press home the truths of his text, 
Qidx was from the 5th chapter of the Epistle to the Romans : '^ Therefore, 
*wj^ Justified byfaithf we have peace vnth God through our Lord Jesus Christ.*^ 
^(H>inted out the various methods by which, in every age, men had sought 
^^d peace ; and he described in touching words, how keen had been the 
^f^pointment when peace, so sought, had not been found ; and then he 
>d& Y^ hearers look away from themselves, and every fancied deed of merit, 
^^^S^ze with him upon a scene at once both sad and cheering. 

* 7h€re," said he, ''stands the city of Jerusalem, and outside its western 
^ ^ little hilL Around that hill we see a mighty crowd of priests and 
^{^^e, and on its summit three persons are hanging, in the pangs of an 
wtv^ death. The central figure is that of One who, for three years and more, 
^ ISone about among the cities of Judea^ preaching deliveraaoQ to t^<^ 


captives of the devil, healing all manner of aickness, and offering rest to 
every weary soul ; and now, because of envy and of hate at Him and at 
His teaching. He is made to die. 

'' But the world, as represented in that Jewish multitude, knows Him 
not : ' He came unto His own, and His own received Him not/ though His 
name is Jesus — the Saviour of His people from their sins. And now He 
dies, not for any offence or fault of His own, but for the offences of Hii 
people — for the sins of men — for our sins. 

*' He bears ' our sins in His own body on the tree.' That darkness of tlie 
heavens is but a symbol of the blackness of our guilt ; that shrill, sharp ay 
of pain is the cry we were condemned to raise ; that death is our death— the 
dread punishment we ought to bear. 'He dies, the just for the nnjosi' 
^ He is wounded for our transgressions — ^the chastisement of our peace is 
upon Him.' 

'' Aud now, behold, by these His stripes we all are healed. He stancU in 
our place. He dies in our stead ; we stand, and live in His. God imputes to 
Him our sins, and then, through faith, imputes to us His righteousness, bo 
that, through faith iu Him, we are justified, and being justified, we have 
peace with God." 

She saw it all, and wondered she had not seen it all before. It was so 
simple, this Divine plan of saving men — so easy of reception by the most im- 
lettered, so easy of acceptance by the most defiled. How strange ii seemed, 
that she had never realized the simplicity of the Gospel before, but had gone 
about seeking to establish a righteousness of her own ! Strange that whilst 
she had read, and read again, the Lord's gracious invitation to the weary- 
hearted, " Come unto me, and I will give you rest ; " and whilst her text hfui 
preached its silent sermon every morning fiom her chamber waU, telling of 
Christ's love unto death, — she had never seen in Jesus her ransom andner 
peace, never thought of His perfect work, or God's acceptance of that work 
on her behalf. Bat she saw it all now, and trembled with joy at the sight 
She went in spirit to the Cross, and cast herself at its foot ; then, looking up 
through her tears into the loving face of the Crucified, by one act of faith 
she took Him to be her only Saviour, her only Lord — " to love, cherish, and 
to obey '' from that day forward, even for ever. Then she heard a voice, 
gentle as a mother's voice, which yet she knew to be the voice of God, which 
said, *^ Daughter, thy sins be forgiven thee ; go in peace." 

And so she made the great transition from — 

Sadness to Gladness. 
* • * • ••« «• 

Is thy heart sad, oh, reader, by reason of thy sin ? Hast thou prayed for 
pardon, yet hast thou received no peace ? Hast thou tried to be good, and 
make amends by thy goodness for past evil-doing, only to find new con- 
sciousness of sin, and to experience thine own helplessness ? If thou hast, 
look off direct to Jesus ! Look not to thyself — thou canst do nothing to deliver 
thyself ; look not to the priest — he is nought but a pretender if he seek to 
come between thee and God ; look away from self, away from man, to Jesnsiy 
the one Mediator between God and man, the one Saviour, who alone i^ 
" exalted to give repentance and remission of sins.'' 

" Peace, perfect peace, in this dark world of sin ; 
The blood of Jesus whispers peace within." 

How TO Pray. — ^Some people don'c know how to pray, nor what to p' 
for. The best prayers may be picked out of God's Holy Word. Look of^ 
the Psalms and the words of Jesus, and wherever you find a rich aiw 
precious promise, turn it into prayer. Plead God's own promises. He ^ 
faithful. He will always own his own Word. " All the promises of God ~"^ 
yea and amen, in Christ Jesus, to the glory of God." 


Many years ago we heard a capital story of a simple-liearted Scotch lassie, 
who, migratlDg from her '^ Highland Home ^' to one of the Lowland Cale- 
donian cities, was irresistibly attracted by the harmonious peals of an organ, 
to the interior of a large and splendid Church by which she was passing. She 
■eems to have had no idea of the Ecclesiastical character of the sacred 
edifice, so utterly dissimilar were its grand, imposing architecture, and its 
highly ornate appearance, both externally and internally, from that of the 
humble Kirk among the heather of her native hills, in which she had been 
always wont to worship ; and within whose sacred walls, her rigidly orthodox 
(although musical) ears, had never been offended by anything, as she con- 
sidered, so desecrating, as instrumental music. 

Fondly familiar, everywhere else but in the Kirk, with, to her, the pleasing 
and heart-stirring sounds of the Pibroch, to which she had often joyously 
danced ; she was, nevertheless, wholly unacquainted with the softer and 
sweeter notes that now fell upon her enraptured ear. But seeing other 
people entering the Church, and probably deeming it a theatre, she ventured 
to foUow them in, when she saw there was nothing to pay, and quietly 
ensconced herself in a comfortably-cushioned, aristocratic pew, not far from 
the organ, which still kept pealing forth its ^' Voluntaries ; " for the worship 
had not yet commenced. 

Our humble heroine was soon spied out by the quick, detective eye of the 
verger, who, going to the door of the pew, beckoned the intruder to come 
out. Jeannie, however, only nodded her head by way of bowing her 
thanks to the astonished functionary, whose dumb and digital signs she 
regsffded in the light of an invitation to become his partner in a reel, or a jig. 
The beckonings of the official growing more rapid and demonstrative, the 
polite but reluctant lassie made a low bow for every beck, and accompanied 
each nod of her head with an audible " Noo, thanWee — woo, thank'ee ! '' 

The congregation, by this time, had lost all sense of gravity, and found it 
very difficult to suppress a general titter. But that long-stiBed titter burst 
out into loud, irrepressible laughter, when the angry verger walked into the 
pew, and, laying hold on her arm, said — "You mmt come out 1 " while poor 
Jeannie exclaimed, in her innocent good humour — " Weel, then, if I moost, 
I wool — here, Maister Musicianer, like a gude laddie, gie us up ^ The Fleurs 
of Edinb'ro' ! ' '' 

A report in the Mid-Weekly Hampshire Independent of the recent 
Bitualistic proceedings at Emery Down, and of the magisterial investiga- 
tion into the disgraceful squabble forced upon the outraged Protestant 
parishioners, by the " Priests," has vividly recalled to our mind the foregoing 
Btory of Scotia B unsophisticated daughter. 

The reflections it suggests are vastly pleasanter, it is true, than those 
JOBpired by the noisy "Voluntary " performed in the Puseyite establishment 
atBmery Down. The musical Tractarian triumph is thus described by Mr. 
John Whittle, the anti-Puseyite Churchwarden, who is a highly respectable 
S'Biitleman, representing the vast majority of the parishioners, and is the 
^Qtl^orized defender of their rights and opinions : — 

^**0n Saturday, the parishioners of the above Church, declared unanimously 
jS^xist BituaUstic practices, and requested the vicar to remove the Cross and 
"® dandlesticks from the Communion-table, before Divine Service on Sunday 
^c^'Txiing. This not being complied with, 1 was deputed by the parishioners 
^ I^Xiblicly appeal to the vicar, after the service, and before he left the chancel^ 
'*^ioh I did : but the organist — the vicar's wife — on seeing me, played up, 
^^9 under cover of the noise, the vicar passed out." 

^ Jn olher words, the Protestant Vox Fopuli was drowned in the voluntary 
pXiiyed up" by the Romanizing vicar's wife, while the vicar himself. 


although he had no Scotch Jeannie for his partner, stepped triomphantly 
out, to the lively strains of the aiispicious tune. 

The affair at flmery Down has given rise to a judicial inquiry before the 
magistrates, who have deemed it their duty to mulct the courageous Ghoicb* 
warden in the sum of £5 (because he somewhat over-zealously removed the 
Candlesticks and Cross from the ^' Altar"), and to inform nim, that "if 
they considered fit to do so, they could have sentenced him to two months' 
imprisonment, without the option of a fine." But, alas ! not one wordwu 
said in condemnation of the Romish innovations of the priestly actors, who 
have so outraged the feelings of the Protestant parishioners. 

The upshot of the matter is (it is said) that an appeal will be made to the 
Bishops, or perhaps to Lord Penzance ; but whatever the latter may do- 
and tnere is not much in his lordship's power — ^it is the blindest of all 
infatuations, to expect either redress or protection from the Anglican Efoi- 
copal Bench. The aggrieved Protestants and faithful men of Emery Down 
should bestir themselves, and at once seek the refuge God's gradoas 
Providence has opened for them in the Free Church of England, in whidk 
they will find, without litigation or law-costs, everything whidi lifdoo^ 
associations have rendered so precious to them as churchmen, in tho 
doctrines and Liturgy of the Establishment, without that admixtiu« o£ 
Sacerdotalism, the baneful influence of which, is so rapidly destroying the 
Protestant character of the English Church. 

®;|^ie Cferwrcj^ of (Sob— JPoto gjesignateir, 

UL — ^What specially is meant by ''the Body of CmusT?" 

That Christ is our Head, and that we, as members, form. the rest of the 
body ; for as our natural body needs the head to direct all its members, u> 
we, as individuals, of different denominations and creeds, unite to form the 
one body of Christ ; disciples on earth following the directions of oar 
heavenly Head. 

1. Of what parts is the body composed? "The body is one, and hstl* 
many members." (1 Cor. xii. 12.) 

2. How are th^ niemhcrs placed f " Now, hath Qod set the members erery 
one of them in the body, as it hath pleased Him." (1 Cor. xiL 18.) 

3. What gifts did Christ bestow for the growth and edification of His body » 
^' And He gave some apostles ; and some prophets ; and some evangelists ; 
and some pastors and teachers." (Eph. iv. 11.) 

4. hx what sense are tixe siifferings of every member of the body of Christy Si^ 
sufferings? " He that toucheth you, toucheth the apple of His eye." (ZedM- 
U. 8.) 

5. JVhy doe^ Clirist pre^erce^ protect, and keep His body? "Fornomsn 
ever yet hated his own flesh ; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the 
Lord the Church." (Eph. v. 29.) 

6. What does the Chiiirh, cm the body of Christ, teach concerning owr«n«>'* 
with Christ ? " We are members of His body, of His flesh, and of Hi* 
bones." (Eph. v. 30.) 

7. And what concerning our lenioti with each other ? " Whether one 
member suffer, all the members sufler with it ; or one member be honorti^9 
all the members rejoice with it." (1 Cor. xii. 26.) 

8. Is tfic preservation and full salvation of every member of the body securd ' 
** Those that thou gavest me 1 have kept, and none of them is lost" iJol^^ 
xvu. 12.) 

9. From what does the Itody derive l}fe ? " Gk)d hath given to us stem** 
life, and this life is in His Son." (1 John v. 11.) 

10. IVhat is the standard of growth of the Church ? " Unto a perfect ina»» 
unto the measure of the stature of Uie fulness of Christ." (Eph. iv. 13.) 

*» AppraL. 


By the Editor. 


'* Take ifc easy, Charlie ! take it easy^'* said Harry Burton to his chum, 
LO was digging away in his garden as if he really meant it. 

** All right," replied Charlie. ** I'm not tired. I mean to get this done 
night, Harry, and no mistake." 

** Tush ! •' exclaimed Harry. ** There's no occasion to go at it as you do. 
.y one would think you were obliged to do it." 

" Well, don't you see," said Charlie, " I want to get it done?" And on 
T^ent, digging bravely. 

** Gret it done, indeed I You're surely not going to finish it to-night ? " 

''.I am ! though," said Charlie, in a determined voice. 

^^Ugh! You may just as well take it easy, and let's have a game 
iipreen," grumbled Harry, resting on his spade. 

'^ Oh ! I'll have a game, and a jolly one, too, when this is done," replied 
a.rlie, without stopping in his work ; '^ but I've made up my mind to finish 
:K)-night, and finish it I will, if I can."' 

**Botherl" exclaimed Harry. "I never saw such a fellow as you 
i ! What's the use of working like that 1 1 don't see the fun of it." 

There wasn't much in this brief dialogue ; but it showed the stuff of 
lich the lads were made. Both boys were at the same school, and each 
d a little patch of garden allotted to him. These garden plots were given 
r their recreation, and no task was connected with them ; but a lad's dis- 
»Bition and habits were often seen, by the way that he attended to his 
.tch. Some were disgracefully kept, some looked seedy and weedy, whilst 
liers were neat and prim. 

But about Charlie's there was ''no mistake." His little garden was the 
3at cultivated and most neatly kept in the whole row ; and for this simple 
iasoi), that when he worked at it, he worked with a will. When he played, 
le did play ; and it would have done you good to see how thoroughly he 
n joyed a game. He was out-and-out at horses and soldiers ; and as for bat 
md ball in summer, or hockey on a nice, frosty morning in winter, why, there 
wasn't his equal in the school. Ah ! when I think of Charlie, and the rare 
hn we used to have together, it makes me even now feel ready for a game ! 
Oh ! for those bright days of fresh, boyish fun ! 

No, no ! " Take it easy .**" wasn't Charlie's motto, I can tell you. He never 
trould have become the prosperous and useful man he grew up to be, if he 
bad followed Harry Burton's advice. " Take it easy ! " indeed ! —a wretched 
D^xim, made up of chilliness and sloth, and not to be thought of for one 
moment, by any lad who hopes to grow up to be a man worth his salt. And 
BO, my dear young friends, in all things beware of that spirit of indifference, 
that spirit of ease, which led Harry Barton to cry, ** Take it easy ! " Many 
a fine opportunity of usefulness and prosperity has been thrown away, for 
^^ of heartiness and good-will in the thing to be done. Now tell me who it 
J^ that said, " Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might ; 
for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, 
whither thou goest.'' 

Who, do you say, said that ? Yes ; " God," by the mouth of the Preacher, 
(^les. ix. 10). And what a great, grand sermon is enshrined in that little 
verse ! *< Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do (little thing or great thing, no 
fatter) do it with thy might / " If it be digging your play-garden, do it 
Roughly; if it be making a new kite, make it as well as you possibly can; 
^ it be the lesson for to-morrow, learn it so that it shall be stamped upon 
JJJ*'" mind ; if it be seeking wisdom^ seek it diligently y prayerfully^ heartUy. 
^' above all^ my dear young friends, seek that wisdom which means 


something more than a mere knowledge of writiDg, or reading, or rami; 
seek it at the very fountain of all wisdom. Seek it of Jesus, who is able and 
willing to make you '* wise unto salvation." In no matters, then, great or 
small — in no duty, whether to God, or to the world, — ^heed those who, in 
their miserable, selfish lukewarmness, tell you to ^' take it easy." 



Chapter XVI. — The Parting. 

It was with a sad, melancholy pleasure that Alice prepared forher meetio 
with Gilbert. At the grey dawn she was on her knees ; for with that wisdoi 
which is best learned in the school of sorrow, she knew that it was vain t 
trust in her own strength, for the great trial that was before her. >She dreese 
herself with care, as her habit was, and when she had finished her toUet, N 
down to think. She felt like one about to enter into the presence of deatl 
for the time had come, when the saddest word that lips can speak^-tiie lai 
good-bye — had to be Epoken. Oonid she bear it P Yes, her love was so grea 
so self-denying in its etrength, that it could even look beyond the bitter presen 
into the great Eternity, and find there its consolation. Such love knows o 
separation. " J go to prepare a place for you" was the sweet promise ( 
Him in whom they both trusted ; and the words seemed to impart a seme ( 
joy to her soul, enabling her, in the very thickness of this dark cload( 
sorrow, to reoognize the great truth, that the martyrdom of her beloved wool 
be for him the glorious beginning ; and for her a tie» to knit the dark, wintr 
present, with a bright and endless future. 

And when her uncle, that morning, saw her soft, sweet face, so sad— s 
very sad — yet, so quiet and patient, be wondered how it was. He knc 
notning of that early, prayerful preparation, and little kenned how, eve 
amidst the ruins of that broken heart, the Divine Spirit had strengthened he 
with His great comfort, and had taught her the highest and noblest heroism c 
love— the subjection of self, for the sake of the loved. And even afterwards 
when the great heavy gate of the gloomy Priory had been closed behia 
her uncle and herself, and she stood in the dim corridor leading to the towe 
in which Gilbert was, and saw Boger, the lay-brother, with his finger on h3 
lip motioning her to follow him ; although well knowing that she was aboatt 
meet her beloved for the last time in this world ; and though she conld almoe 
hear her heart beat in the viulcnce of its pulsation : yet, she was oatwardi 
calm, and her pale, still face— so fair, yet so aged in her sorrow— gave n 
sign of the sharp, inward struggle tliat was piercing her very soul. 

Ascending a flight of narrow, stone steps, they reached a halting place, an 
Roger stood by the door of the cell in which Gilbert was confined ; he the 
paused, and said : '' Mistress Alice, peradventure it would please thee best t 
see Master Wright alone, whilst thine uncle and I remain for awhile in tis 
corridor below." 

Alice looked gratefully at the brother, and bowed her thanks. 

Boger, nnlocking a narrow, low, heavily-barred door, signed for AJice^ 
enter. As she did so the door was re- closed, and she heard the bolt oatsiJ 
fastened with a click. 

The cell was so dark, that at the first moment, Alice, coming in from tb 
brightness without, did not see her beloved. To Gilbert, in that gloomy abod.^ 
she came like an angel of light ; and, in spite of the huge chain with which b 
was manacled, he sprang from the bench and clasped her in his arms, softl 


ezolaiming. " Dear, dear Alice I mine own gentle Alice ! this is kind and brave 
of thee ! *' 

Bat both hearts were full, and they scarcely spoke at first. Love, which 
has ever so mach to say when absent, is often powerless to unseal its lips in 
the presence of the loved. 

Gilbert drew her to the rough bench, and they sat, hand clasped in hand, 
each gazing into the other's eyes, as if to read there each other's tale of suffering 
0iz1.ce last they met. 

A cloud of sorrowful tenderness gathered on the brow of Gilbert, as he 
loolced upon that dear face, so wan with sleepless watching, yet so gentle, and 
pleasing, and peaceful even now. 

*• My poor Alice ! my poor, poor Alice ! how sore has been thy trouble ! " 
She sat, for a moment, motionless and silent. Under the violence of her 
efemggle to be calm, under the intensity of mental suffering, and in the dreary 
sezmse, that the bright past was gone for ever, her nerves gave way, and she 
sttzik into A helpless agony of tears. Yet, in that moment of bitterness and 
temptation, the faith of Gilbert triumphed. As a flash of thought, the wh-^le 
piotoie of what he had lost, of what he might regain — ^love, joy, life— came in 
one tempting, smiling form before him. Satan never appealed to the heart of 
maji with voice more alluring. With that sweet, helpless form — whose life 
seemed to hang upon his word — before him, clinging to him in her love, no 
wonder, if the faith of the Gospeller trembled ; no wonder, if, in the weakness 
o^ the flesh, the spirit shrank from the sacrifice. 

But lowly and tremblingly uttered, as if wrung from the very soul, came 
from the wmte and feeble lips of Alice, holy words that revived the martyr*s 
spirit : — 

" Dear Gilbert ! Not our will, but His be done ! " 

And then, both instinctively fell on their knees in prayer, and received 
from the ministering angels of His love, such comfort in the present, such bright 
hopes for their future in their Father^s home, as robbed the present of its 
B^g ; knit their hearts eternally in one ; and blessed them, in spite of their 
bitt^ trial, with a foretaste of that peace which they were to realize in heaven. 
Then, calmly they talked of the brief space that should intervene, before they 
>&«t in glory. On the threshold of the great Eternity, the life here seemed so 
'^^ brief 1 But the martyr spoke as if inspired, and with such noble words, 
^ to stir up in the heart of Alice, a yearning desire to fill up that brief space 
Jl^ deeds of self-sacrificiujg love, in the service of Him for whose Name they 
'^ been called upon to suffer. 

27ien came the terrible moment of parting. As Roger gently tapped at the 
n^* the warning came like a death-lmell. Both arose, each with the heroism 
^f Jove, striving to oast a smile of hope upon the other. 

J. ^ ** God be with thee, dearest ! " sobbed Alice, as Gilbert wrapped her in the 
'^ ^mbraee of his noble heart. 

** J'are thee well, mine own sweet wife, until we meet to part no more, in 
^^ father's dwelling ! " 

^^'Ajid so they parted; and to Alice, thenceforth, the days were without sun, 
^^ 'khe nights without stars. 

Chapter XVII. — The Secret Conventicle. 

^ -^ DARK and cloudy night, and the village of Studmore was as still as death. 
^^"^ in times of war, or civil strife, who ever heard of sound of man in Stud- 

after ten of the clock P The light behind the red lattice of the *' Greyleye 
, — ^" was darkened, and the rustics, noisy with " double ale;*' had stumbled 
^^^*^^« a full hour ago ; the constable had gone in peace, and all honest folk 
^^^^ slumbering in their beds. Not a step was heard — not a lamp was seen — 
?^ «ven a moon at which the dogs could bay ; and scarcely light enough 
^^V^een the breaks in the heavy clouds, to see the swift flitting of the bats, as 
^^y whirled around the old turrets of Godlingstone Grange. 


Yet, there were some awake and watchiDg, that night. A little oompiny 
had met in fear and trembling, and at great risk of personal danger, in i 
room selected with due regard to privacy, at the Granee. It waa at Sie bftek 
of the boase ; a room with only one narrow ivy-encircTed window, looking oot 
upon the ancient apple-garth, and shut in from outer view by Ihe trees; in 
upper chamber removed from the possible prying of the spy, or the eavw- 
dropper. A large room, with mighty beams of oak stretohmg across its low 
ceiling, with dark grained panels covering its walls, and with a great settie or 
locker in the deep efnbrasure of the narrow window, which showed at am 
the vast thickness of the masonry. 

On a rough table at one end of the room, was a huge, rough, metal-bft^ 
lantern, a fit representative of the light of other days, wMoli cast its rd 
flickering glare upon 1 Soger the Novitiate, seated at the head of the table, and 
left all the rest of the apartment in gloom and shade. 

It was a strange scene, and there were ample materials in its gria 
surroundings — in the feelings and anxieties working in the features of U06e 
assembled ; in the strong light throvm upon the wan faoe of the novitia^ 
and the dark shade through which peered the faces of the Lollards — toinnuie 
the genius, and employ the pencil of a Kembrandt. They were but a lit& 
company of eight, but they were true and faithful Gospellers, who had met 
for secret worship, and to offer special prayers for God's bcmizoii on the 
martyr of to-morrow. 

Mistress Dame Wtight and Cecil, her maid, were there, with Alice Ghat- 
field and Dame Mostjn, all looking sad and careworn. Then, there was Simoa 
the smith, and Thomas the pedlar ; and, seated between them, none other than 
poor John of Brenton, who, in spite of his sad *' displing," had returned again 
penitent, to the faith ; humbled, but more loving than ever. 

All drew their stools closer to the table, and for a few moments remained 
in silence. It was midnight, and the peril of meeting thus, caused some feeliflgB 
of timidity to creep iuto their liearts, which, in spite of their courage, weie 
manifested in a nervous apprehension at the slightest sound. 

" Hark !" said Dame Mostyo, ** what noise is that P Oh, dear ! alack a-daj, 
I fear we shall be discovered.*' 

" It's nothing, good dame," replied brave Simon the smith, " but the wind 
scraping the ivy against the lattice.*' 

Roger — ^yes, Roger, the lay brother of Greyleye, was the leader of this 
little company, and he was brave and valiant now. *' Friends in Christ," 
said he, "I would that we could, as did the Christians of blessed Apostolic 
times, when they met, chant a hymn of praise ; but because of the danger, 
whilst our hearts rej')ice in the Lord and His mighty power, let us content 
ourselves with reading and prayer.*' 

Then, all kneeling down, Roger poured forth words of earnest supplication. 
He pleaded for help and strength, that they might all patiently endure. He 
besought the Holy Spirit*s aid for Gilbert, that he might be bold in the Troth, 
and faithful to the end, even to the glorifying of God in the flames ; and he 
xsoncluded, almost in t'le words of the prayer used in the ancient litar0 of 
St Ambrose, and which forms, to this day, our collect for the Sunday next 
before Easter. 

The response was a deep *' amen ** from every heart, and the eyes of all 
were wet vnth tears, as they rose from their knees, and again seated thenselrcs 
at the table. 

Dame Wright and her maid now left the room, and in a short time re- 
appeared, the good dame carrying the very Book which she had purchased, a 
few days before, from the pedlar. She placed it reverently before Boger, ontiie 

Roger opened the Book, and dravnng towards him the lantern, turned over 
:^e leaves, seeking in silence a passage for their comfort. 


" Hist ! " exclaimed John of Brenton, in a whisper, ** was not that a step 
the drees P " 

All Ustened with hated hreath, hut no sound was heard. 

'* 'Tis hut thy fancy/* said Simon ; " thy fears have made a coward of thee, 

Roger now asked a hlessing upon the reading of the Word, and, in a solemn 
ice, hegan the fifth chapter of St. Matthew's Gospel. As he read, his face 
)wed with love and enthusiasm, his voice rising louder and louder, until he 
me to the words, *' Blessed are the persecuted, for they shall inherit the 
Qgdom of God." 

Dame Wright was melted into tears hy the sweetness of the words. 

When Roger closed the Book, Simon said : *' Master, why should'nt we, 
» our friends at Andover, celehrate the Lord's death P We are all here true 
the Gospel, and it would much comfort us on this solemn night.'' 

" Soothly said, Simon," replied Roger, '* and if Mistress Alice will fetch 
ead and wine, we will together commemorate the merciful love and sufferings 
our dying Lord.'' 

Both Dame Mostyn and John of Brenton looked somewhat anxious at this 
monncement, and glanced timidly at the door. 

" Nay, John," said Simon, reprovingly, ** thou needest not look so scared, the 
•org are safely harred helow." 

It was well they were, for the celehration of the holy rite, in simple Lollard 
Jhion, without ceremony, or pretence of superstition, or priestcraft, was, of all 
resies decreed the rankest ; and, if discovered, would have condemned them 
I to the stake. But every precaution had been taken, and every door and 
ndow had been well shuttered and barred. 

Alice, assisted by Cecil, soon appeared, carrying a flagon of red wine and a 
p, with a plain wheaten loaf on a platter, all of which were laid on a sno^v- 
ute linen napkin^ on the table. 

Roger, standing up, very reverently consecrated the elements, whilst all the 
le company kneeled around the table. Pouring out the wine, and breaking 
I loaf into pieces, ho placed the platter in the centre of the table, so that all 
lid help themselves to a portion. They ate the bread kneeling, and in silent 
ditation, and thus they continued for a time. Then, taking the cup, Roger, 
; it to his lips, and drank with holy joy and grateful reverence, a little of 

memorial symbol of his Saviour's Blood ; and then, as it was passed round 
n one to another, he reminded them in a few words of that precious Blood 
Tesus which had been shed for them. It was a simple ceremony, quiet and 
"And now, dear friends, we will repeat together, our dear Lord's 

I sweet Prayer." 

t was not to be : for just as the hands of all were lifted in the attitude of suppli- 
on, a sharp rustle was heard at the window — so sharp, that Simon, seizing 
lantern quickly, turned the light upon it, when, to the consternation of all, 
t revealed the cunning, malignant face of Geoffry Tryon peering through 

casement. The next moment, with a loud and exultant scream, the spy 
denly disappeared, and the Gospellers gazed at each other in breathless 
or, at this unexpected treachery. 

Chapter XVIIL — Geoffry Tryon the Eavesdropper. 

The alarm of the Gospellers was great. For a time it seemed impossible 

them to calm their fears sufficiently to enable them to look their position 

^e face. Poor John of Brenton trembled like an aspen leaf, and Dame 

styn, with uplifted hands, moaned incessantly : — 

"Alack ! alack ! a-deary me, to think that I should come to be burned 

iiine old age. Oh ! alack ! alack ! alack ! " 

Those of stronger will sat for a time in silence^ realizing the full measure 

iiheir periL The face of Roger alone bespoke serenity. Nay, it indicated 


more than that, for in hU far-off gaze he seemed lost to the present, and joy 
spread a glow over his thought- worn features. Simon was tne first to speak 
a word of counsel. 

*' Come,'* said he, '^ let us put our wits together ; it's no use sitting 
gaping at each other in this wise." 

'* It feareth me," said the pedlar, *' thou hast but one way out of the 
snare. Those who are known let them bedight themselves in strange gear 
and leave the village." 

'' What !" exclaimed Simon the Smith, ^Hum cowards ? Deny the Lord, 
and run away, scared by such a scoundrel as that villainous eavesdropper? 
Nay, nay. Sir Pedlar, such disguises ill fit soldiers of the Cross, methinks !" 
** Nor doth fool-hardiness, good neighbour," replied the pedlar a little 
testily, *^ become the followers of the Lord. Christukns are <^ more oie in 
the world than to make priests bonfires, I ween." 

** True, true, good Sir," said John of Bisntan, ^* and we might, if we 
bestir ourselves, tnmp half way to Andover before dawn." 

" Good folks," said Roger, ^' our peril i? great. Doubtless this prying 
knave will use despatch, and will hasten to give speedy intelligence to the 
Prior. Our friend, the pedlar, counselleth wisely. Let each one see to it, 
whilst there is a cliance of escape. '* 

**And thyself — good Sir?" inquired Alice. 

'* Heed mo not, fair lady,'* replied Roger. " I shall return to Qreyleye, 
come what may. It would grieve me were I not with Master Gilbert at 
the last." 

'* Oh ! that I could be with him ! " exclaimed Alice. ** Tell him, good 
Sir, tell him that my spirit is with him, and that his Alice glories in hii 
bravery ; and tell him that on her knees she thanks God for bis noble love 
— and," she added with a blush, and forgetting all about their present 
danger, ^* ask him for a lock of his hair, that with his letter I may keep it 
near my lonely heart." 

*^ Fair mistress," said Roger, in a tone of sympathy, ^' I will see to it 
But now let us think to thy safety." 

^* Alice," said Mistress Wright, ''hath agreed to stay with me until all 
is over," and the poor mother shuddered as she thought of the morrow. 

" Ah ! but if this villain goes to " began Simon the Smith. 

'' It matters not now," said Alice, with a sad smile. '^ Better so, per- 
haps, better so. " 

'^ It seemeth me,'* said the pedlar, '^ that ye are all losing time. Let me, 
who am a stranger in Studmore, and not likely to be known to that spying 
caitiff, be the first to essay forth. If all's clear, I'll return and " 

" Nay ! nay ! thou goest not forth alone. I'll go with thee," said Simon, 
speaking through his set teeth, and firmly doubling his massive fist ; *' and 
if that lazy, sleveless loord of a dog cometh in my way, by St. Duiiatan, 
I'll ! •' 

**Good Simon, good Simon," gently spoke Alice, '^ remember thou art 
a Gospeller ! " 

**True," said Simon, **and I crave thy pardon, gentle lady; but fy 
thine admonition, his life, an I caught him, wouldn't a' be'n worth a fleaV' 

So it was decided that Simon and the pedlar should sally forth. 
Cautiously they opened the chamber door, and tlien crept noiselessly down 
the stairs. In the hall they stood and listened. All was silent as the night 
The great bolt was drawn back and the outer door unlatched, when they 
heard a noise that sounded like a groan. 

" Hark ! " said the pedlar, in a startled whisper. " That's not the note 
of owl or bat. Hist ! hist I " 

" Let us go forth, man," said Simon, grasping firmly a huge ^ 
that he held in his hand, '^ I fear not a dozen such sneaking hounds! " 

With this he pushed open the door sufficiently to allow of their exit> 


then closing it securely, stepped boldly from the threshold. As they did so, 
the groan, which seemed to come from the back of the house, was again 
repeated, and they heard a rough voice say — 

" Why Geoffry ! Geoffry, is't thou ? What ! hast thou been after the 
codlings, eh ? and by St. Thomas, thou hast met with thy reward, it seems. 
Speak, man ; art hurt ? " 

Another deep, deep groan — ^the groan as of a dying man. 

Simon and the pedlar hastened to the spot, and there stood Tilly the 
constable, over the blood-stained, prostrate form of Geoffry Tryon. The 
wretched eavesdropper had, from a ladder which he had taken from the 
rick-yard, watched the Gospellers at their secret worship. When the lamp 
was turned so suddenly upon him, he endeavoured to evade detection, and 
by BO doing overbalanced the ladder, which slipping, precipitated him 
violently to the ground. His head had struck against oue of the stone 
buttresses in his fall, and he lay there, a ghastly, disfigured form, bleeding 
and insensible. 

** Help ! help ! good mastet, or it '11 be a crowner's case. Run ! Simon, 
run to Master Pottleton." 

** Rather let us take him to the leech," said Simon, " it '11 save time." 

** Not so," said the pedlar, " the knave is dying fast. Let us carry him 
into the bam. " 

They did so ; Simon, all his anger gone now, lifting him gently and 
tenderly, and placing him softly on the litter. 

The groaning man opened his eyes, and fixed them in a glassy gaze ; but 
there was no sign of consciousness. 

The constable then hurried off for the village doctor, and soon Master 
Pottleton came, puffing and blowing, with his exertion in carrying an 
enormous wallet, full of plaisters and potions, and curious instruments of 
surgery. But it was too late ; Geoffrey was past the help of leechcraft, and 
before Master Pottleton came, the wretched spy had breathed his last. 

{To he continued). 

The Rev. A. S. Richardson is announced as the English correspondent 
of the Appeal, the American organ of the Reformed Episcopal Church. 

The comer-stone of St. Paul's Free Church of England, Bermuda, was 
laid on the 27th of August. The Rev. R. A. Bilkey gave an admirable 
address on the occasion. 

There are some good Protestants in Smethwick, and we are surprised 
that a committee has not been formed before this, to institute Free Church 
of England services there. 

There is a good opportunity for the work of the Free Church of England 
in Devon port. ** To all intents and purposes," says the Devonport Inde- 
pendent, ^* the Church there has become a Roman Catholic organization." 

The Church Congress at Croydon has disappointed all who recognize the 
perils which at present surround the Church of England. It is the old policy, 
'^give and take," or put up with any thing, so long as you maintain the 
<< Establishment." 

In the Annual Report of the Prayer-Book Revision Society, just pub- 
lished, it is stated, that "the First Edition of the Society's Revised Prayer- 
Book for the special use of the Free Church of England, is well-nigh ex- 
hausted, and has been found, it m understood, very serviceable to that body, 
more piurticnlarly in regard to the occasional services.'' 

We are glad to find that it is proposed to publish a cheap edition of the 
Bey. Dr. Jacob's " Ecclesiastical Polity of the New Testament.*' We have on 


several occasions strongly recommended this work to stadenU for ibe 
ministry, and it has been recognized as a text-book on the sobject of 
Ecclesiastical Polity in the examination of candidates for the ministry of the 
Free Church of England. We would suggest that the new edition be supplied 
with an index ; this would add much to its value. 

The Church Associatioh, after twelve years' conflict, and an expendiktreof 
.£50,000, finds the Church of England more advanced in lUtnalism and 
Romanism than ever. Why is this ? Is it that the work of this Society hu 
been rather a timid pruning of the branches of the Sacerdotal tree~i 
pruning which has tended to increase its vigour, and spread its secret growth 
beneath the surface — than any fearless striking at the root of the evil ? What 
a pity that all this labour and money had not been devoted to an effort to 
revise and cleanse the Prayer Book, from the taint of Priestism and Popery ! 

€a\tmBiml '§.tQmkx. 

BATH. — Countess op Huntingdon's Chapel. 

The 112th Anniversary of the opening of the chapel was commemonteA. 
on Sunday; October 7th, when two excellent sermons were preached by thd 
Hev. G. A Brock, B.A , to large congregations. 

BISHOP'S OLEEVE.— Countess op Huntingdon's Febb Chxteoh. 

Harvest Thanksgiving Services were held at this out-station of Nortb. 
Place Church, Cheltenham, on Sunday, Sept. 16, when sermons wero 
preached by the Rev. W. M. Lennox and Mr. James Thomas. On Monday 
the prizes were presented to the Sunday scholars ; and, subsequently, & 
lecture on "John Knox, the Anti-Ritualist," was delivered by the Bev. 
W. M. Lennox, to a crowded and appreciative audience. The customary 
votes of thanks terminated the proceedings. 

CHELTENHAM.— North Pla.cb Church. 

At the close of the service on Sunday evening, September 23rd, the 
Rev. W. M. Lennox, on behalf of the Choir, presented a Bible, with con- 
cordance, &c., to Miss Skinner, a member of the choir, who was about to 
eii)igrate to New Zealand. Considerable interest was manifested, and Miss 
Skinner cordially thanked those who had so kindly remembered her on th© 
occasion, and wished them good-bye. 
EVERTON, LIVERPOOL.— Emmanuel Free Church of England. 

We have much pleasure in recording, that, on October 1, the Rev. T- 
Worrall presented to Mr. John McCarthy, on behalf of the Sunday-schopl 
teachers and friends, a beautiful harmonium, encased in walnut-wood, ^ 
recognition of his disinterested services, in instructing the scholstrs of tli® 
Sunday-school for a number of years past in singing, and in training th^^ 
up to a high standard of efficiency. 

EXETER. — Christ Church Free Church op England. 

The Rev. W. H. Simms took the Services in this Church on October 7***' 
The Sunday School Anniversary Sermons were preached on Sunday? 
October 14th, by the Rev. J. Wonnacott. Special hymns were sung, aic»<* 
good collections in aid of the School Funds were made. 

LEAMINGTON. —Countess op Huntingdon's Chapel. 
On Sunday, Sept. 80, the Rev. W. H. Sisterson, preached on behalf of tl*® 
Indian Famine Fund. His text in the morning was selected from St. Ma**' 
xiv. 16, " Give ye them to eat '* ; and in the evening from Proverbs xxiV"-| 
11 and 12, ** If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, at^^ 
those that are ready to be slain ; if thou sayest, Behold, we knew it no* ' 
doth not He that pondereth the heart consider it ? and He that keepeth tJ^y 
soul, doth not He know it ? and shall not He render to every man accordix^^ 
to his works ? " 101. Ss. 6d. was the result of the rev. gentleman's appea**- 


LEOMINSTER.— Trinity Free Church of England. 
larvest Thanksgiving Services were celebrated in this Church on Sunday, 
ber 14, when two appropriate and impressive sermons were preached by 
Riov, George Slater, the Incumbent. The morning text was Galatians vi. , 
of the 7th and 8th verses ; the text in the evening was St. Matthew xiii., 
Srst clause of the 30th verse, "Let both grow together until the harvest.'' 

musical portion of the services was effectively led by a large and 
-trained choir, special hymns being sung. The Church, as on former 
uons, was tastefully decorated by the ladies of the congregation and 
• friends. The congregations were large at both services, while in the 
ing additional accommodation had to be provided, the Church being 
tely crowded. 

MALVERN LINK. — Countess op Huntingdon's Chapel. 
>n Monday evening, October 1, a meeting of the members and friends 
ected with this Church was held to welcome the Rev. G. Type, on his 
•n from a month's holiday. The proceedings commenced with a social 
Bring for tea in the schoolroom, which had been tastefully decorated, 
all the appointments were exceedingly satisfactory. After tea a Public 
ing was held, presided over by C. Fairbrother^ Esq. A hymn having 

sung and prayer offered, 

'he Chairman, in a lively and humourous speech expressed his pleasure 
»ing present on such an occasion. He was glad to find that such a cordial 
b existed between the pastor and people, so that, although Mr. Type had 
>een an inconsiderable time in their midst, they had not yet grown tired 
m, but the reverse. 

Ir. W. Towndrow, after giving a short explanation of the circumstances 
h had culminated in the gathering that night, presented Mr. Type with 
rse of gold (£18) as a small recognition of the value in which his services 

held by his congregation and friends, 
'he Rev. G. Type having expressed his gratitude for the kindness shown 

addresses were given by Mr. Wilesmith, Mr. T. Osborne Young, and 
Newell. The Chairman having made one or two final remarks, the 
logy was sung, and then the Rev. G. Type oflfered up prayer, and thus a 

interesting and cordial meeting was brought to a close. 

NEW MALDEN. —Trinity Free Church op England. 
""he Thursday evening servicrs have been recommenced at this church, 
liave been well attended. The clear and most interesting expositions of 
^ev. Professor Bradshaw, who is at present the officiating minister, 
3iuch appreciated. 

SPALDING. — St. John's Frer Church op England. 
>n Friday evening, September 28th, a harvest thanksgiving service was 
. in this Church. There was an entire lack of anything in the shape 
atural or artificial decoration or ornamentation. Notwithstanding, the 
ice was a most interesting, appropriate, and impressive one. The vocal 
instrumental renderings were very superior in their character, whilst the 
ion was thoughtful, and earnest, and concise. The Rev; P. X. Eldridge 
oted his text from Psalm cvii. 33 — 37. In the course of his sermon, the 

gentleman remarked that at a time when the smoke of the battle-field 
rising to their nostrils, the wailing cry of the famine-striken penetrating 
<* ears, and a deficiency of grain produce surrounding them on every 
d, it might seem to some a strange proceeding to hold a harvest thanks- 
Qg service. But when they remembered the scenes of carnage that were 
€ enacted in the East, the want and misery and death prevailing to so 
^ing an extent in China, Brazil Es[ypt, and our Indian possessions, 

what feelings of gladness and gratitude should they view the oon- 
^txce of peace, of which they were in the full enjoyment, the precious 
^ of which the harvest (although much below the average) had made 


them the recipients. These facts, the preacher forcibly and at length mged, 
should engender gratitude, create and stimnlate heart-searching, and en- 
courage hope. At the conclusion of the sermon, an offertory was taken 
on behalf of the church funds, Mr. Eldridge remarking that on a fotnre 
day subscriptions would be solicited on behalf of the Indian famine Fund.- 
Spaldirtg Free Press. 

PUTNEY. — Emmanfel F&eb Chu&oh of England. 
Harvest Thanksgiving Services were held, morning and evening, in this 
Church on Sunday, October 14, when collections were made in aid of tbe 
Indian Famine Fund. The amount collected was £25 12s. Id. 

TEDDING TON.— Christ Chuuch Free Oburgh of England. 
The congregation responded very liberally to the appeal made oa behalf 
of the Indian Famine Fund, the result being £57 5s. 6d. Commenciog 
from October 18, the girls' schoolroom has been lent to the Evangelization 
Society for a fortnight's Special Evening Services, sin^ilar to those which were 
80 appreciated in Teddington last year. 




Rochdale (Rev. R. Lovett) : 1 Norwich (Rev. L. J. Wake)... £5 

per Mr. W. S. Lewis £3 12 6 

Wheelton (Rev. J. Trotter) ; 

Dr. JacksoD 110 

Dover— collected by Miss E. E. 
Anderson : 

MissWissenden 4 6 
Mrs. Young ... 2 6 
Mrs. Fearnley .026 
A, M. Trott ... 1 
Miss £. E. An- 
derson 5 

Miss Anderson 2 6 


SpaFields (Rev.T. E.Thorsbj): 

Collection 10 15 

Mr. Woodward 5 
Mr. Chapman .220 
Mr. Gilbert ... 1 1 

18 18 

Ilfracoinbe(Rev. Bi&hop Price): 
Collections 611 S 

Worcester (Rev. Tho9. Dodd) : 
Rev. T. Dodd.. 2 2 

The Mayor 110 

8 8 

Ebley (Rev. E. Jacob) 5 

Brighton (Rev. J. B. Figgis, 
M.A.) : 
Rev. J. B.Figgis 10 
— Batho, Esq. 10 
Thank Offering 
(per Rev. J. 

B. F.) 10 

2 10 

Juvenile Missionary Society 

(per Mrs. Tinkler) 6 7 ' 

Contributions, etc., to be sent to the Treasurer, Mr. Fbedrrtck Wm, WiLLOOCWf 

Myddelton Villas, Lloyd Square, W.C, 


The Quarterly Meeting of the Council of the Free Church of England, will bej^^ 
(D.v.) on Tuesday, November 13th, at 2 o'clock, at 3, Westminster ChamD®"' 
Victoria-street, Westminster. ^ _ ^^ 

As important matters will probably be brought forward for discussion, it is n<nr^ 
that all members will endeavour to be present. 

F. S. Meerywkather, Hon. Sec. to Convocatto*- 


The Southern District will meet (d.v.) on Tuesday, November 13th, at 11 o'do*'*' 
at 3, Westminster Chambers, Victoria-street, Westminster. 

John Wilkie, Son. See- 


DECEMBER, 1877. 

Te cannot close the eleventh volume of the New Series of the " Free 
;h of England Magazine," without thanking those of our readers, 
ave, from time to time, cheered our labours by words of kindness and' 
val, or who have so materially helped to make the Magazine deserv- 
[ such approval^ by their valued contributions to its pages. 
^e have, however, again to appeal to all engaged in the work of the 
Church of England, to assist during the coming year in making the 
^Ine a more faithful record of the work done. Those who inquire 
the Free Church of England, naturally ask. What is it doing ? And 
efer to the Magazine as the official chronicle of its activity. Let our 
s remember how much the editor is at their mercy in this matter. If 
lo not communicate, how is he to know what is going on ? We trust 
»nr friends will not, in future, shrink from the trouble of sending us 
of their doings. We have good reason to make this appeal, for 
of our best and most active churches rarely appear in our " Eccle- 
tal Register." 

le editor makes yet another plea. He feels at this time, more than 
3 ever done, that he needs the help of something higher and better 
»6rsonal commendation ; and he solicits the fervent prayers of all his 
ian readers^ that not only the Magazine, but the work of which it is 
eble representative, may be conducted with that wisdom, and be 
thened with that blessing, without which nothing is strong — 
g is holy. 


*'It is difficult," says the Christian Worlds "for Nonconformsts to 
understand the extreme importance attached bj Episcopalians, generallj,to 
the ordination of their clergy ; so important^ indeed, is this matter regarded, 
that even in the Free Church of England it has been thought well to 
obtain bishops, who can confer orders which shall be as yalid as those of 
the clergy of the Establishment This, however, we are glad to know, has 
not been done with the yiew of discrediting the ministers of other com- 
munions, or from superstitious motives, but for the sake of maiotainiDg 
that propriety which the custom of ages has sanctioned ; and^ to some 
extent, it may be in order to satisfy the scruples and prejudices of weaker 

C§^^ §ljefr^ 5* 58JiIliam»' nixit nxxxbd in S^uxxn ICeow. 

Mb. Williams reached his native land on Saturday, the 6th of October^ 
quite well after a pleasant passage of only fourteen diays. He received ^ 
hearty reception from the people. When it became known that he had 
arrived at Freetown, he had visiton from morning nntal night ; mmI tii^ 
village friends poured in upon him from all directions, so that hia hand^ 
were quite full. He was kept out of bed night after night to relate ISt^ 
adventures in Sngland, and to distribute among the natives the Sngliik ftm^ 
seuts. He took out with him a large picture of the Kev. J. Trotter, which vanlp^ 
interested and amused the old friends. They pointed their fingers (a ft 
saying, «* Loc4c him I" "Him look at we," "Good daddy," «*See! him look: 
like fife, but him can no speak to we," *' Look him eyes, him nose, him 
mouth !" Poor creatures, their hearts were full at the sight of even only the 
pistore of their English friend and minister. 

Mr. Williams found all well at home, and everything in good workingT 
order. Friday, the 26th of October, was the time fixed for a large geiwMl 
meeting at Waterloo, of which we shall soon have particulars. He sendi his 
respects, greetlDgs, and thanks to all the kind friends he met in England. It 
is earnestly hoped that the missionary spirit will be kept alive in all wvr 
families, schools, and churches. 


From January next, the published price of the Magazine will be 

Special arrangements, however, will be made for the supply to congre- 
gations, and for gratuitous distribution. Parcels, of not less than fifty 
copies, will be sent direct from the Printers, on the day of publication, »* 
a charge of Id. a copy. 

This, we trust, will induce the officials of every Church to endeavour 
to secure a circulation of fifty copies, at least, in their respective 

The first part of a new Tale, expressly written for this Magazine, wi" 
aupear in the January number. 



Chuptqb XIX. — Joining *'Th» '^OBj^ji Abmt of Mabttbs." "^ 

The fatal day was ushered in with a blithesome morn. The fresh breeze 
tne perfumed and redolent with the breath of flowers. Fanned by the 
L t and balmy air, and beautified by the sunny brightness of June, how 
BU^ful and happy looked the village of Studmore ! The merry chirp 
d songs of birds on trees and straw-roofs, twittering and love-making 
der cosy eaves ; the busy hum of insects ; the stir and rustle of awaken- 
^ Nature ; and those innumerable evidences of active, joyous life, that 
kke up the music of a bright morning in early summer, preached every- 
lere, homilies of peace. 

How often it is so, that Nature thus smiles in our saddest moments ; 
t in mockery, b9t in the beneficence of hope, and teaching us that 
lidst all our troubles, and the dire consequences of human sin and folly, 
th. which we are surroanded, there is a sweet peace and promise of better 
ings in that work of our Father, which is beyond the meddling of man. 

But, oh ! what hearts of sorrow were beating that morning in Studmore, 
bcr the vigils of a sleepless night. "We will not pry into the bitterness of 
At mother's heart, who, in the anguish of desolation, prayed so fervently 

die. It was piteous to hear her broken sobs, and her monotonous moan, 
"Mj son ! my son ! oh ! my dear son ! " and still more touching to hear 
&r struggling faith murmur, in a trembling whisper, ** O Lord ! Thy will 
3 done ! '' •* God help her ! " the neighbours said, for they could find no 
ords to comfort her. Her face seemed turned to stone, and she heeded 
Jthing in the abstraction of her sorro^V^. 

Poor Alice, too. That bright, young, girlish face, that but a little 
hile ago outrivalled the fairest and sweetest flower in Studmore, and seemed 
^ sunshine and loveliness — how greatly w$is it changed by the solemnity of 
'J* grief ! Beautiful, indeed, ever beautiful ; but a beauty now that was 
ircely of this world. It was hard to think, those features had ever smiled, 
• the sorrow that curtained them, seemed older than the face. Poor Alice ! 
fisiiig through a fire of tribulation which had burnt up all her fondly 
wished hopes, she was coming out by the mighty grace, of God, a seraph in 
'^t, and with a martyr's faith. Marvellous it was to see, how the strength 
^od was manifested in the weakness of this gentle maiden, and how, with 
^t sacrifice which is the test of all love, she had consecrated herself — her 
^tions, her very will— to the guidance of the Divine Spirit. Marvellous, 
'> to see how brave she was on this sad morning, when already from the 
^^ tower of Greyleye, was tolling the death knell to all her earthly afiection 
^ all those bright hopes of happiness that lovers weave, and which arQ 
•^om destroyed but with broken nearts. 

^ut not only with those we have named, but in many homes there was 
^t morning the sense of a great sorrow in Studmore. Sympathy for Alice 
<^ her hapless love ; admiration of the Lollard's courage ; some secret 
^^ulness at the meddling oppression of the monks ; some angry feelings 
^ doubts left rankling in the minds of many since the burning of the 
^ptures, and the cruel " displing" of poor John of Brenton ; together with 
^Day uncertainty as to what all this might lead to, had caused here ^nd 
^^e a reaction, which even the long teaching of the monks could not repel, 
^t, although this feeling was slowly spreading and permeating the mind of 
^mon folk, it was not expressed ! and many there were \n\iO) \9\\>\i ^V^^xni^ 


desire for religious revenge, awoke that morning with almost pleasonUe 
excitement in the anticipation of a fearful holiday. 

Already they were busy in the market-place with the dread preparatiooi. 
A stout stake bound round with iron had been driven firmly into the 

ground, dry faggots had been brought and piled in a heap, and a strong 
arrier had been set up to keep off the crowd, which was gathering thick and 
fast from all parts, as if some holiday sights were to be seen. Young and 
old were there. Some with sad, forelx^ing faces, others with restlesB and 
wrathful looks ; but the majority were untouched by any deeper feeling, 
than that of curiosity to see a Lollard die. 

Anon the crowd grows thicker, and the hum of many voices, and the 
tramp of many feet, and the ghastly mirth of many tongues, swell into an 
ezoitinff whirr. 

And now the dull, heavy toll of the great bell at Greyleye, strikes the 
ear, and with one consent, the silence of death falls upon the crowd.^ Well is 
it understood that the Gospeller is leaving the priory, and is on his way to 
martyrdom. Eager eyes are turned towards the road, and the excitement 
grows intense. For awhile the chattering, thoughtless tongues are hushed 
to whispers, and none speak above their breath. 

On tney come, in funeral pageant and in solemn procession. ^ The sheriff is 
there on horseback, with justices of the peace, and ecclesiastics from Win- 
chester ; together with my Lord Prior and the monks of Greyleye, the lay 
brothers and the vicar of Studmore ; besides the headborough, the constabloB, 
and officers and men from Andover. A brave, grim parade of power. 

Between my Lord Prior and Roger de Whyttenham, bare-footed and bare- 
headed, walked the Gospeller. Noting how upright he was, with what a finB 
step and dauntless courage he came ; none would have taken him to havebe^ 
the victim. His quiet, upward look, and his placid, trustful smile, betokened 
that all fear and strife had passed away, and that in the anticipation of a 
martyr's glory, death had no sting or terror for him now. 

When all was ready : when the Gospeller had been fastened to the stake 
Dy an iron chain around his waist ; when the faggots had been piled around, 
him with straw and pitch, and it only needed the lighted torch to set the 
whole ablaze — a curious incident occurred. An old woman, carrying a single 
faggot tottered feebly towards the pile, and with a look of triumph cast it 
upon the heap, exclaiming — ** Ah ! let me throw in a stick well pitched, and. 
may the Lord bless it ! " 

And she believed, poor thing, in the darkness of her priest-taught soul, tha* 
she was doing God a service ; but, in that heart-hardening, and cruelt|^ 
prompting delusion of her Romish Creed, she was only a type in the darK 
age in which she lived, of myriads, whose blind fanaticism and persecuting 

groclivities, not even the noontide Gospel radiance of the nineteenth century* 
as been able to dispel. 

Around poor Gilbert Wright, the undaunted Gospeller, the officials nc^ 
orm a ring inside the barriers, and the last cruel mockery of priestcraft t^ 
tempt the faith of the martyr, takes place. Preceded by six monks, eacO» 
carrying two waxen torches, PriorJJohn steps forth, and walking slowly rouno- 
the pile , stands before the victim. He bears in one hand a crucifix, in th^ 
other a small paten of consecrated bread. Holding the crucifix aloft, he sho^^ 
the bread to the Gospeller, saying — **This is the Sacrament of the Lord ^ 
body. How dost thou believe it ? " 

The uplifted eyes of the Gospeller are steadfastly fixed on Heaven, whila*' 
his lips move softly in prayer, and for a moment he hears not the monk. 

" Wist ye not that I spoke ?" loudly inquires the prior ; and the thoughtB- 
of the Gospeller being thus recalled to earth, he listens as the priest repeat>» 
his question. 

"Trouble me not, I pray thee, with these questions, but hasten me o^ 
my way. I would be ^/lere, for methinks I see already," said Gilbert, agaii^ 


oldng upward into the bright blue sky, *Hhe golden gate opening into the 
Ave^y Qome. '' 

^'Answer me, heretic!" impatiently exclaimed the prior, as he again 
fered the bread, *' wilt thou receive this, believing it to be the veiy body 
id blood of Christ 1 " 

** Why wilt thou disturb my prayers ? " said Gilbert. Then, turning to 
ie people, he added, in a clear, loud voice : ** Good friends ! God has 
Bvealed to me since I have been in prison, the evil teaching of these men. 
!hat which is now offered to me thus, is, I admit, hallowed bread, but not 
he body of our God and Saviour. It's not Christ in the bread ye want, but 
/hrist in your liearts. The monks would give us what they call Christ, only 
E they please, or as ye pay them ; but Christ will come to ye all without 
dests, or monks, or price, if ye will seek Him for yourselves. This is what 
he Gospel tells us. This is the good news the monks would keep from ye ; 
od this is the reason why they bum God's Word, rather than ye shall 

" Hold thy peace, heretic 1 " angrily shouted the prior. 

" Nay, reverend sir, be patient with me," said Gilbert ; and then 
oming to the crowd, he continued — 

" I die, neighbours, because I refuse to forsake the teaching of Christ's 
Vord, and " 

"Not Christ's Word, but Lollardy ! " warmly interposed the prior. 

" Yea, good neighbours, for Christ's Word, which thou. Sir Prior, and thy 
fethren, are burning in the market-places of England. The monks would 
eep ye in darkness ; but learn, my friends, to read, that ye may search the 
Jriptures for yourselves. Be brave, and believe me the time is coming^ 
faen the Word of God written for common folk like you and me will be free 
rail Englishmen to read." 

Tbis speech was not what the monks had hoped to extort. Enraged at 
boldness, and at the Lollard's refusal to acknowledge the sacramental 
etrine of the real presence, the Prior passionately exclaimed — 
** Cease thy presumptuous babbling, heretic ! Give the order. Sir 
^rtff, and let the fire be lighted." 

** Yet one word more," said Gilbert, turning to the sheriff. 
** Nay ! nay !" said the prior, but the sheriff had bowed consent, and 
Oospeller went on — 

^ See, my friends, how they desire to keep the Truth from ye. Chriet 
B, * Search the Scriptures,' but I am to bum to-day, as a warning that ye 
Xk them ! I die happy and without fear : right willingly do I die, 
^^Idng God that He has opened to me His blessed Word ; and I lay down 
life gladly, to testify to my countrymen the preciousness of the Gospel of 
^ifit 1 " 

Oilbert ceased : then clasping his hands together, he exclaimed — 
* * Good Lord, receive my soul ! " 

•At the brave words of the Gospeller, a murmur of admiration ran 
oiigh the crowd. Here and there a voice bolder than the rest, was 
*ed for mercy. " Let him live ! " cried one. ** His words are true ! " cried 
>tihor ; and the crowd swayed to and fro in its excitement, straining the 
i^^ers until they creaked again. The monks, fearing the consequences, 
S^dthe sheriff to use dispatch ; and the sympathizing, but hesitating and 
ghtened spectators of auto defa, left the noble-souled martyr to his fate. 

The torch was quickly applied, and soon a lurid glow reddened the summei' 
y» The flames, fed by dry faggots and pitch, shot up in huge tongues, and 
ssed and roared around the martyr ; but in the midst of all, to the wonder- 
-nt of the staring crowd, the uplifted face of Gilbert wore a smile of ex- 
ctant joy, and, to the last, showed the possession of a quiet and settled peace 
** Was beautiful to see, but was far beyond their understanding. 
-^d so the Gospeller died, but died not in vain ; he left behind him the 


undyiDg infiuence of the noble sacrifice of a strong heart for Truth and Rij^i 
The fire burned slowly out ; but there were torches kindled in the (Rowing 
ashes of the Gospeller, that were to light the way to the glorious Befonqatkm. 

Weeks and months passed by, and the little world of Studmore feUiatoiii 
quiet round of rural industry. For some few weeks, a heap oi ashes within a 
blackened circle, marked the spot on which the martyr died. Although tying 
in the open market-place, none disturbed it — no foot desecrated it Itseeoed 
to be instinctively revered by all. During that summer-tide, on Sabbalfai, 
after even-soug, many turned thence to look upon the spot, and they woiU 
go away with tearful eyes, talking of the brave bearing of the mar^, sad 
repeating his dying sayings until they became familiar as household wordi 
in the lowly homes of IStudmore. Long after all traces had diaapp6aFed--ili ! 
even to this day ! that spot is hallowed in the memory. GeneiatioD&cl 
fathers have told their children the story of Gilbert Wright ; and lads ssd 
maidens have grown up loving their English Bible, yet the more for thereoord 
of his sufferings, and with a sturdy spirit of Protestantism in their hearts, 
which by God's Grace, may preserve the Church in Studmore for evw, from 
tlie bondage of the priests. 

And there came often to that spot a maiden with a widowed heart At 
early dawn, and sometimes, too, in the pensive gloom of evening twilight, she 
M ould steal away to the scene of the martyr's victory. There, standing alone 
iu Rilent meditation, now with downcast eyes, that bedewed the hallowed 
<rronnd with tears of tenderest love ; and now with upturned gaze, sad 
features radiant with heavenly smiles ; she seemed unconscious of ever being 
observed, while she presented a picture to the eye of every one that chanoed 
to behold her, of such commingled joy and sorrow, affection and fidelitf, 
womanly feeling and Christian fortitude — ^that no one, even amongst the 
rudest and most ignorant of the village boors, was ever known to obtmde 
upon the sacredness of her sorrow. Whilst the monks frowned upon her, 
and threatened her as being ** suspect of heresy " with the vengeance (rf the 
Church, ilie universal sympathy and respect with which she was regarded 
restrained them, for tho neighbours young and old instinctively loved her 
good deeds and her sweet tenderness to the sick ; and when she died, every 
lieart was filled with grief, and every village home with gloom, for all felt, 
not only that they had lost a sister and a friend, but that a sweet miniatering 
angel of mercy had been taken from among them, and never did they forget 
the holy devotion with which she secretly read out of a little book in English, 
those blessed Words of Life, which had inspired heavenly hope and consok- 
tion to many in hours of sickness and of death. 

The good and gentle Alice was laid to rest in the quiet little churchyard 
of Studmore. In her coffin, and nestling in her maiden bosom, according to 
her own ardently expressed desire, a long-treasured lock of hair was buried 
with her— as the last earthly gift of Gilbert Wright the Gospeller. 

The End. 

IV. — What is meant by desigxating the Church, " The Bride or 

Christ " 1 

The intimate union and great love which exist between Christ and the 
Churclj. The bride shares and enjoys the fortune, titles, and privileges of 
the hiisbj-nd, and all her liabilities are transferred to hitn. 

1. JFhy does the bride love Christ? "We love Him, because He fin* 
loved U3." \1 John iv. 19.) 


I did ChrisVs love for the bride originate ? "I have loved thee 

rlasting love." (Jer. xxxi. 3.) 

: WAS Uie hride^s condition ? "By nature the children of wrath." 


; IS the brides condition ? " Thou art all fair ; there is no spot in 

nt. iv. 7) 

did the bnde become spotless? " The blood of Jesus Christ, His 

)th us from all sin. *' (1 John i. 7.) 

%7iything separate the bride from Christ ? " Neither death, nor 

;els, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things 

ir height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to 

from the love of GU)d, which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord.'' 
38, 39 ) 

mtist ever be the language of the bride? "Whom have I in 
Thee ? and there is none upon earth that I desire beside Thee." 
i. 25 ) 

is the icedding garment of th^ bride ? " He hath clothed me with 
8 of salvation ; He hath covered me with the robe of righteous- 
iah Ixi. 10.) 

is the bride's inheritance ? "THie unsearchable riches of Christ. "- 


AT Specially is Meant by Designating the Church by' 
** Branches op the True Vine." 

nd His people together make up the Vine and its branches, whicK- 
rch of God. As each individual branch must be in a living 
with the vine in order to live and bear fruit, so must each 
ihristian be united to Christ by a living faith, and thus he lives 
ed to bear fruit to the glory of God. 
J is the life of the branch? "Hid with Christ in God.'^ 

\e Branch accomplish anything apaH from the Vine, ? '* For witl>- 
in do nothing." (John xv. 6.) 

at process is the branch made fruitful? "Every branch that' 
he purgeth it that it may bring forth more fruit." (John xv. 2. ) 
'.an th^ Branch glorify God $ " Herein is my Father glorified, 
much fruit." (John xv. 8.) 

is the word of injimction ? " Abide in me." (John xv. 4. ) 
is the promised residt of abiding in Him ? " He that abideth in 
I him, the same bringeth forth much fruit." (John xv. 5.) 
\h(ndd tlie branch glory in the whole process of purging ? " We 
ulations also ; knowing that tribulation worketh patience ; and 
)erience ; and experience, hope ; and hope maketh not ashamed ; 
love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost, 
m unto us." (Romans v. 3, 6.) 

are the distinguishing marks of a living branch of the true vine ? 
of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, good- 
neekness, temperance." (Gal. v. 22, 23.) 
fruit must there be on every branch ? " E^pentance toward God, 
vard our Lord Jesus Christ." (Acts xx. 21.) 
t does [the Lord mean by " much fruity'* and what is the sort of 
le brings forth by them who abide in Him, and in whom He abides ? 
diligence ; add to your faith, virtue ; and to virtue, knowledge ; 
wledge, temperance ; and to temperance, patience ; and to 
lliness ; and to godliness, brotherly kindness ; and to brotherly 
arity. For if these things be in you, and abound, they make 
should neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our 
Jhrist." (1 Peter i. 5, 8.) 


YI. — What is specially Meakt by Designatiitq thb CfltTSCE i 

" Holy Temple ! " 

As Solomon's Temple was intended for an habitation of Grod, bo ii the 
Church a Temple ; each individual believer is a lively stone, wad idl the 
believers combined form one spiritual building which is hallowed by tho 
special presence of God. 

1. Upon what foundation is the TeinpU huUt ? '* Thua saith the Loii 
God, Behold I lay in Zion for a foundation stone, a tried stone, a predou 
corner-stone, a sure foundation." (Is. xxviiL 16.) 

2. Can there he any other foundation 1 '^ For other foundation can no 
man lay than tliat is laid, which is Jesus Christ." (1 Cor. iii. 11.^ 

3. Of u'Mt materials is the Teniple composed ? ** Liyely stones/' (1 Peter* 
ii. 5.) 

4. What makes the Churdi a Temple f ^* Te are the temple of the livingr 
God, as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them, andlwiU 
be their God, and they shall be my people." (2 Cor. vL 16.) 

b. By whom is every part of the Temple inhabited! '^In whom ye also 
are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit." (Epfai. 
ii. 22.) 

6. What characterizes the Temple f ^' Holiness becometh thine honte, O 
Lord, for ever.*' (Psalm xciii. 5.) 

7. For what is the Temple designed f '* To offer up spiritaal saeiifioes, 
acceptable to God by Jesus Christ." (1 Peter ii. 5.) 


^t%m ?fifrtt|^." 

" Wherefore, He is able also to save them to the uttermost, that eome ffsto God hy 
JUnif seeing Se ever liveth to make intercession for themJ" — Hebrews Yn. 25. 

The mere perusal in priut of the lucid expositions and earnest nfclerancetff 
entreaties, and appeals that God's people are privileged to hear delivered 
from many a pulpit, by zealous and qualified ministers of Christ, in our 
Evangelical Churches of all denominations, can never convey to the mind nl^ 
adequate idea of the power and pathos, with which such pulpit ministrstioos 
are invested, when they reach our hearts and ears through the direct mediu0>> 
of the living voice of a faithful and energetic preacher. 

Nevertheless, as the substance of many a sermon, or some portion of ^ 
sermon, when recorded on the printed page, has often proved a source o^ 
great spiritual benefit, to those who had not heard it delivered ; we believ^^ 
that the following anecdote, recently related by the Rev. Professor Brad- 
shaw, in one of his sermons in New Maiden Free Church of England, will 
bring comfort and encouragement to many of our readers* hearts. We do 
not profess to give the anecdote verbatim et literatim, as related by tb^ 
preacher ; but where not exactly literal, it is substantially correct. 

'* A devoutly pious and prayer-loving mother, whose heart was habitually 
happy in the Saviour's love, was in the daily habit, when retiring to he^ 
chamber for private prayer, of bringing her little son — a chUd only si^ 
years old — along with her ; not deeming the presence of one so young, any 
barrier to her secret communion with God. 

^' Inspired with fond, maternal solicitude for the future and eternal happi' 
ness of her child, upon whose infant mind she felt it both her joy and bar 
duty, prayerfully to impress the Divine command — ^Remember thy Creator 
in the days of thy youth ;" she adopted the plan of thus teaching him tolov^ 
the Throne of Grace, 

** On those delightful occasions, she was so frequently wont to giveaodibl^ 
expression to her souPs felicity, and her faith in Christ as her evet'living sod 


J Saviour — by joyfully exclaiming, " Jesus Liveth ! Jesus 
that her little son soon became familiar with the holy words, 
day, however, having retired as usual for private prayer, accom- 
her child, she felt most strangely and deeply depressed in spirit, 
jr unable to exercise her wonted confidence in the changeless love 
lal care of God. From some unusual and unrecorded cause, dark 
bl clouds of doubt rose up between her soul and Heaven, and 
apletely concealed the Saviour's smile from the trembling eye of 
reatly-tempted and wavering faith. Again and again she tried to 
could only give veut to the anguish of her heart, in convulsive sobs 
Ding tears. 

IS too much for her beloved child, and he wept out copious sympathy 
iorrowing mother. Suddenly, however, he seemed to guess the 
ler unusual grief. He had noticed that she had not even once 
on that occasion, her well-known words, ' Jesus liveth ! ' so 
) bis ears ; and he concluded that the Redeemer, whom he knew 
r loved so dearly, must surely have died, and that she was weeping 
lath. Under this conviction, the little innocent looked up into the 
eyes, and pathetically whispered, ' Mamma, is Jesus dead ? ' 
pen's own magic was in that artless query, for, with more than 
power and electrical rapidity, it revived the mother's faith, 
up her more than little angel preacher — for such indeed he had 
md pressing him to her now relieved and rejoicing heart, with all 
: fondness of a holy mother's love, she instantly and triumphax^y 
, * Oh no, my child, my child ! Jesiis is not dead ! J$sus liveth ! 

an had desired to have her, that he might sift her as wheat ; but 
I prayed for her, that her faith, though shaken, might not fail.' 
igh the artless words of her infant son, the gracious Saviour sent 
id consolation iiito that pious mother's soul, and gave her complete 
er her own fears and the wily suggestions of the wicked one. In a 
he tempter was put to flight. In a moment the heavens grew 
ce more, for the wings of Mercy had dispersed the clouds of 
1 unbelief, and the glorious Sun of Kighteousness shone out more 
'', and smiled down more sweetly than ever, on that blissful mother 
lessed little boy." 

in substance, is the anecdote so graphically and touchingly told by 
ler, in illustration of the deathless nature, and ceaseless sympathy, 
idiation, and savinsj power of our once crucified, but risen, exalted, 
iving Lord. But we must leave untouched the reverend gentle- 
id and affectionate application of it, to all Christian mothers in the 
ion, and the deep and holy influence by which the Divine Spirit 
;vrhose merciful aid ixo preaching can do good) seemed so graciously 
rfully to impress both the illustration and the sermon, upon very 
lis hearers' hearts. 

®Ij^ ^tw:^tx. 

ST Study. — A teacher must be a learner. He who thinks he 
3ugh of the Bible, to dispense with special study in preparation for 
ing of a portion of it, is not fitted to be a teacher. The best 
are the closest and most persistent scholars. Dean Alford, in 
g his Commentary on the iHew Testament^ expressed his sense of 
so fully fathom the simplest text of the Word of God. Albert 
ire a similar testimony, in closing his series of Notes. Prof. Oalvin 
said at one time, that whilo. he had been carefully and critically 
!)ld and New Testaments in their original tongaes, yerse by Temet 


the Resolution was ordered were sent to the Secretary of the Befonned 
Episoopal Church in America. 

*' Why don't you attend the Pariah Church ? '^ First published in the 
Frte Church of JSngland Magazine for August, 1875, it i& now issued in a 
separate form by the Rev. J. Benny » of Ludlow, who will supply copies at 
lOd. per dozen, post free. This is an admirable little pamphlet, written in 
the form of a homely dialogue, in which are explained the principles of the 
Free Church of England. 

§urwir %libL 

The very mention of placing one within the house appointed for all 
living, whilst breath is in the body, makes even those least sensitive shudder, 
and the miscreant who would take such a mode of killing his fellow-creatures 
would be justly set down as the worst and vilest of murderers. Not a few 
persons, terrified by the fact that, designedly or undesignedly, many persons 
Lave been buried alive, have made special provision to guard against such a 
terrible contiugency in their own case, »nd no one sneers at such people. 
Nor is any one laughed at for rejoicing, when one who has swooned and 
been apparently dead, revives in time to escape interment. 

But how few feel concerned for the interment of great principles^ which 
can never die, although they have often been buried alive ! While multitudes 
are. anything but sensitive to the disgrace of having given no proof, that 
they are incapable of taking part in the degrading and God-dishonouring 
iniquity of putting Truth of any kind, into the grave — ^however decorated 
tb&t grave may be. 

Tot example, the doctrine of tho A.tonement, as history and current 

experience prove, has often been shrouded, carried to burial, and laid 

qvio^tly beneath the rubbish of Bomish confessions, penances, and absolutions : 

i^ut, aithough this was really burying alive that undying doctrine, and the 

^i^Jy^, Scriptural principles involved in it, what multitudes of professing 

■^<7^^0^dnt8 are, at this day, guilty of looking with apathy upon the funeral 

"^^ / ^ 

^^^.a. in, history tells us that the doctrines of the Holy Scriptures in respect to 
J^-Jf^^^^^onsX Kingdom of Christ, have frequently been arrayed in funereal 
9 carried with pseudo-solemnity, and laid beneath a mass of rubbish 
3 Temporal and Spiritual power of Popes ; the figment of Apostolical 
— a mere myth — as necessary to the validity of the Christian 
Sacramental efficacy, dependent on the intent ton of the ad minis- 
3 value of Scripture, a matter to be judged of by whether or not 
translation or edition was licensed by the Church ; the expulsion 
from participation in the active management of ecclesiastical 
innumerable inventions besides, by which it was intended **the 
slivered to the saints," should be hidden from the view of those 
imanded of God to contend earnestly for its purity, and make its 
the grand aim of life. But history bears testimony to the petty 
o funerals. The things attempted to be buried were not dead, 
lOt be killed. The whole affair was rebellion against Divine 
ixndecent violation of everything sacred ; and a crime, which, 
^ the mind is free, the spirit pure, and the understanding 
has ever been, and ever will be, regarded as exceeding in 
le wilful and premeditated wickedness of committing a living 

■d and undeniable facts, should arouse every lover of Truth to 
the subject ; and all should take care to handle it in such a 
;o avoid the possibility of even the slightest participation — 
^"Sitentional — in the sin of those who, whether th^^ b^\oTk%\a VJckft 


past or the present, will yet stand convicted before God and the universe, of 
having endeavoured to crush divine and deathless principles into the grave ; 
while, at the same time, thoy have professed to love what they have sought 
to destroy, and have used their position and influence in the Church of God, 
merely as instruments for promoting their personal ambition and aggrandize- 

That Church is a Church milifcant. She has ordinances of Divine 
appointment, and a ministry which, if true, has been instituted by the I^ 
Jesus Christ, her only Head and Lord, and by Him alone*; and which is 
accepted and authorized by His believing people, in every Christisn denomi- 
nation, solely on that account. But mere mortal men assuming to be lords 
and masters over God's heritaj^e, in any branch of the Church of Christ, aie 
*' thieves and robbers" therein : while ordinances not commanded in the 
Word of God, nor sanctioned by Apostolic usage — no matter how pleasing 
and popular, or even good and wise, they may be— can never be considere4 
binding upon Christians ; whereas there are some ordinances — alas, hov 
many in these degenerate days of Puseyite Romanism ! which can never be 
adopted, without bringing the guilt of idolatry upon not only those who 
administer them, but on those, also, who sanction their administration. 

Nothing short of the full development of her Scriptural and Protestant 
Keforraation life, can free the Church of England, from the perils in which 
Puseyism has involved her ; and all her own faithful children, should com- 
bine with all true, Protestant Christians in other Churches, to prevent her 
internal traitors from burying herself and her holy principles alive ; and 
every one should lend a hand to tear off the Oxford grave-clothes in which 
her enemies have shrouded her for the tomb. W. G. C. 

BATH. — Countess op Huntingdon's Chapel. 
On Sunday, October 28, two impressive Sermons were preached, mornipg 
and evening, by the Rev. J. Williams, of London. In the afternoon, Bpecial 
prayer was offered on bebalf of the Sunday-schools. In the evening the 
choir sang the Harvest Anthem. The congregations were large. 

HOLLINWOOD. — St. James's Free Church op Englajjd. 

The Church and Schools have recently sustained a severe loss, owing to 
the somewhat sudden death of Mrs. Elizabeth Scholes. She was a devoted 
and consistent Christian, and fulfilled her duties in the Sunday-school 
with a gentleness and earnestnes3 that endeared her to the Church. Her 
remains were consigned to their last resting-place in St. Margaret's go. 
Wednesday, November 7th, and was attended ty a large number of the 
teachers and friends of the Church. The streets on the way to the Church 
were lined with people, all evidently bent upon paying a last tribute o' 
respect to the memory of the deceased. The reading desk, lectern, and pulpit 
of St. James's were draped in black. 

NEW MALDEN.— Trinity Free Church of England. 

The usual Harvest thanksgiving services were recently held in thi» 
Church, when special sermons were preached by the Rev. Professor 
Bradshaw. The choir, whose valuable help on this occasion, was highly 
appreciated by the congregation, at both the morning and evening servioe"* 
has latterly received a considerable numerical accession of strength, i^ 
which as well as for its general improvement, the Church is chiefly indebted 
to the voluntary energetic efforts, and efficient assistance of Mrs. Mi^l^ 
The collections amounted to £'4 143. 3d., which sum will be appropriated 
to the incidental expenses of the choir, all the members of which give their 
services gratuitously. 


There are few churches that have had so much to contend with as this 
He Church. It has now been established seven years, and during that 
ae it has been assailed by many enemies. Nevertheless, in spite of 
ich underhanded and secret efforts to damage its work, and sow the 
)ds of discord amonc; its members, it has bravely held its own, and carried 

its mission without any pecuniaiy assistance from the Council. Just 
w it is doing much good, for the Gospel is being earnestly and faithfully 
cached by the Kev. Professor Bradshaw, and there are encouraging 
;nB of renewed interest in the Free Charch of England among the people. 
L accident, however, has recently befallen the church. During the heavy 
le that occurred on the night of Sunday, November 11, the steeple wa& 
)wn down, falling heavily upon the roof, and carrying the bell and belfry 
th it. The expense attending the repair of the damage will be 
3at, and will be a strain upon the financial resources of the Churchy 
pecially just now, when every effort is being made to form a fund for 
ilding a permanent church. The ^rrey Comet, in noticing the event 
serves, " The friends of the Church are looking upon this as an opportune 
>ment in which to commence the permanent building. Some hundreds of 
ands have been subscribed, or promised, towards this object, and it only 
Bds a little Christian sympathy, and a vigorous and united action among 
3mselves, to turn this seeming misfortune into a blessing to the congrega- 
•n at Trinity Church." 

Contributions from sympathizing friends would be very thankfully re- 
ved by Mr. J. Ayres, New Maiden, one of the Treasurers of the Building 
ind, or by the Editor of the Magazine, 

TEDDINGTON.— Christ Church Free Church of England. 

The Day of Special Intercession for Sunday-schools throughout the World 
viz., Sunday, October 28 — was observed at Christ Church. A special service^ 
th addresses to the school children and young persons in the congregation^ 
A held in the church in the afternoon. Sermons were preached morning 
d evening, with special reference to the religious education and training of 
9 young, and, by previous arrangement, the offertory was devoted to the 
nday-schools in connexion with the Church. The morning's sermon, by 
a Rev. F. Browne, of Mortlake, was appropriately founded on Zech. viii. 21. 

the evening, Bishop Sugden, who is never heard to greater advantage than, 
ten giving kindly and affectionate counsel to the lambs of his flock, preached 
>m Psalm cxlviii. 12, 13 : '^ And children ; let them praise the name of the 
»rd." The offertory amounted to £9 9s. 

The Special Evangelistic Services, under the auspices of the Evangeliza- 
m Society, which have been held in the girls' school, were brought to a- 
Me on Sunday evening, the 4th November, by an earnest Christian address 
)m Mr. Frederick Monk. 

SOUTHAMPTON.— St John's Free Church of England. 
At the very last moment as we go to press, we have received a long account 
hich would occupy two or three pages of the Magazine) of a very interest- 
g meeting held on the 5th of November, in connexion with this Church. It 
impossible for us now to insert it ; which we regret the more because 
e proceedings were characterized by a spirit which shows that the Free 
iiurch of England at Southampton is rising in strength and vigour. The 
Hewing passage is from the report of the Church Committee, read by Mr» 
Iney Page, the Honorary Secretary: — "The attendances at the Sunday 
i^ces during the year had been steadily increasing, and the sittings let to 
« present time were more than in 1876. Much good work had been done, a. 
V^-iueeting held at the close of the evening service on the fourth Sunday 
every month being largely attended ; while a congregational Bible class had 
!en established by the pastor, having mainly for its object the training and 
'^paring of young people for teaching- work in the Sunday-&c\ioo\. k. ^wv- 


firmation had been held during the year, tracts had been ireel^ diBtribtled, 
and the division of the neighbourhood into diitricti for vinting pnrpoM* 
was in contemphLtion. A Mutual Improvement Association had been snoooi- 
fullv formed, and bv these agencies it was earnestlv hoped thai the niriM 
usefulness of the Church would be much increased. A handsome BihU for 
pulpit use had been presented by the British and Foreign Bible SosiBtr, 
while an important alteration had been effected by the erection of a poiHi 
and the placing of a door at the west end of the building ; dosing the aoitii 
entrance door and re-arranging the seats, by which a gtStA improyemeat by 
been effected in the appearance and comfort of the entire edifice. The 
attendance at the Sunday-school during the year has been uniformly good, 
increasing progress beii^ made in this branch of the work. The staff d 
teachers has been considerably augmented, and some of the classes svb- 
divided. The pastor had contributed in no small d^;ree to the snoeMi 
attained by his practical suggestions and deep interest in the sdhooL Tk 
number of scholars on the books at the present time was 256, the avenfi 
attendance in the morning being 129^ and 194 in the afternoon, with tvso^ 
four teachers, superintendent, and secretary. The need of Sunday-aehool 
buildings had, for some time past, been urgently felt, and the coaimittee 
have been engaged in considering plans for the erection of suitable loliool 
and class-rooms, and the recommendation of the Building Committee thef 
hoped very sliortly to be able to submit to the Church. A sum of over Jgl50 
was already in hand, but this they hoped to be very largely and substantially 
increased. In conclusion, the Committee wished to express their thanks for 
the kind help and sympathy they had received during the ^ye years the 
Church had been established, and for the general interest taken in the 
Protestant work of the Free Church at Southampton. 

Tiie Mutual Improvement Association now forms an interesting featnze 
in the Church work at Southampton. It was initiated by the Rev. E. J. 
Boon, who felt that much good might result from such an mstitution amoDg 
the young men of the congregation, and others. It numbers amongst ito 
officers, most of the principal members of the Church. The first meeting 
was held at Mr. Monk's schoolrooms, St. Andrew's Road, on Friday, the 
6th October, when the Rules were drawn up, and the president, viee* 
presidents, committee, treasurer, and secretaries were elected. The Be?. 
E. J. Boon was unanimously chosen president, Mr. W. J. Bannister treasurer, 
and Messrs. A. J. Vertue and W. Rawlinson, secretaries. On each Friday 
evening since then, there has been a meeting, and the subjects have been 
Readings and Recitations, with criticisms. On Friday, the 2nd Nov., essayi 
were read by Mr. A. J. Vortue and Mr. R. E. Harris. The Committee haw 
arranged a programme for each week up to the end of the session — viz. , Friday, 
December 2l8t, 1877. The meetings have been well attended, and there is 
every prospect of success. 

WEST DRAYTON.— Free Church of England Services. 
A good work is still going on at the above place. The services held by 
the Rev. G. H. Jones, at Padcroft-rooms, are becoming more attractive every 
Sabbath. It is a groat satisfaction to know, that in a neighbourhood wheie 
Ritualism prevails on the one hand, and indifferentism on the other, every 
Sabbath evening this room is filled with most attentive hearers, sitting under 
the Gospel, preached with Apostolic simplicity and purity, and where the 
principles of the Free Church of England are carefully and faithfully in- 
culcated. The purchase of an Iron Church is in contemplation, towards 
which a collection is made every Lord*s-day ; and for the same object » 
Bazaar is intended to be held in the early Spring. 

WHEELTON— St. Paul's Free Church of England. 
On Saturday, November 10, a tea-meeting was held in the Schoolroom 
belonging to the Church. Upwards of 3d0 persons sat down to an excellent 

NEW BOOK. 235 

past. The evening was occupied with speeches, songs, and recitations. 
me of these were exceedingly good, instructive, and amusing, and added 
ith to the enjoyment of this social gathering. The Rev. J. Trotter 
copied the chair. The nieeting was closed by the audience joining in the 
itumal Anthem, and the Chairman pronouncing the Benediction. On 
yjkdxy eyening the children's tea-party was held. The Schoolroom was 
»wded, and if the happy, laughing faces of the children were any criterion, 
By enjoyed themselves immensely. After tea, sixty-three prizes were awarded 
tiiose who, in their respective standards, had passed H.M. Inspector in all 
bjects. Wm. Todd, Esq., occupied the chair. The children sang several 
Qgs, arranged by Mr. Cunliffe from classical authors, and the beauty of 
e mnsic and poetry, combined with the good singing of the children, was 
ill worthy of the tremendous applause it received. The Rev. J. T. Bland 
unined the children in Scripture and secular subjects, the questions 
ing answered with alacrity. Addresses were given by the Chairman, 
5v. J. l^otter. Rev. J. T. Bland, and Mr. Cunliffe, to children and 
mnts, and the meeting closed with a vote of thanks to the Chairman, 
id loud hurrahs from the children for the friends of the school. Th^ 
hools are well worked by two efficient masters, a mistress, and two good 
ipil teachers. 




J7. W. H. SistersoD, Leamington £1 

r. £. Blandell, Leominster 2 

0808 Jones, Esq., Mayor of Worcester 6 

)7.T. Dodd 2 

jrmn Book Fund 2 

r. and Mrs. Scriven, Worcester 2 

r..J. Wilesmith 10 

r. Higgins , 2 

r. Al^Brman Wood 10 

w. Sprang 10 

r. E. Milton 2 

Friend, per Bev. T. Dndd 10 

r.Matthews, New Maldtn 110 

n-Hartland, ftpa Fields 10 

M. Wilkie, Teddington 10 

KoTB. — Sabscribets to the £5,000 'Extension Fund will kindly forward their 
X)mi8ed contributions to the Treasurer, T. L. Wilson. Esq., 3, Westoiinster 
bmbers, Victoria-street, S.W. 





In answer to several inquiries, we have to state that Messrs. S. W. 
'^tridge and Co., 9, Paternoster Bow, having purchased the right of 
iiUiriaDg an edition of this Tale, it will be issued by them, dnring the 
^^umt month, in a handsome volume, price Ss. 6d., suitable for a 
'Mstmas Present, or a Sunday-school Prize. 




Col. Aycbioo.— We are obliged to thlB gentlemtn for sending as an early copy of ths Sipplement 

to his valuable historical digest or '* Memoin of the B. B. C " 
BicnTED.— Rev. C. Freemati, Rnv. W. K. Lennox, B shop Sngden, Be v. H. O. liters, Rev. W. H. 

Simms, Mr. Aston, Rev. Professor Bradshaw, Rev. H. Carrow, Rev. F. Newman, B^t. F. 

Norto", Mr. James Hinde. '* A Subscriber, Bath," Mr. H Jones, Mr. W. Baker, Mr. Vatae; 

Bimingham Daily Post, Bermuda Colonist^ Leamington Spa Courier^ apaUUng Free Preu, St. 

Paul's Free Church Advocate, Sumy Cornet, Annual Report of the Pra/yer-Book Revision HocUtf- 


The Monthly Meeting of the Council will be held (d.t.) at 3, Westminster 
Chambers, Victoria-street, Westminster, on Tuesday, December 11, at three o'docL . 

F. S. Mbsbyweathbb, Son, 8k,, 




Mr. Stokes Class 5 

Miss Price's Bible Class Oil 

Jones , 7 

Malvern Link. — Eev. G. T^pe. 
Collected by Miss Wilesmitn. 

Mrs. Banham £0 




., M. Fogg 

,, Eedward 

Mr. Newell 


W. Wilesmith 

A. Wilesmith 

W. Davis 

G. Wilebmith 


Bough and Friend 

Mrs. Hedges 

A Friend 

Mr. Towndrow 








E. Allbutt 

E. Bosworth 

M. Lewis 

„ S. Cliflf 

Mrs. Thomas 

„ Bevington 

Sunday School — 

Miss S. Price's Class 

A. Farmer 
A. Gee 
E. Lewis 
Bradbume „ 
Mr. Bradley 







• «•••• » •< 

,, ..^...w ,y 

„ C.W.Jones,, 

C. Jones 

• 9 








£3 6 2 
Worcester, — Per Eev. Thos. Dodd. 
MissA. Farmer 12 8 

6 2 

3 3 
6 8 

2 6 


1 4 





Mr. Bradbame 


8 4 
£4 18 7 

Ba;th. — ^Per Miss Clement 

Collected by Miss Sausom 6 

Mr. Luxton Oil 

Mrs. Skinner Oil 

Miss Flukes Oil 

„ Gibbs Oil 

„ Clement Oil 

Friend Oil 

Magazines 1 € 

Less expenses 14 

£0 12 8 
Spa Fields, 
Sunday School — Per Miss PoUey : — 

Mrs. Alderton's Class "o 3 

Miss Clutterbuck's , , 












A. M. Woodward's 


Mr. Baker's 





,, Jones' ,, .. . 
Mr. Tull and Friends. 

6 8 



7 6 

„ Ellicott's „ 9 1 


1 1 6 

£5 10 4 

Contributions, d'C. , to he sent to the Treasurer^ Mr. Fredekiok Wm. Willcocks, 

MyddeUon Villas _ Lloyd Square^ W,C, . 



ku dlta^li 0| (injjljinl 


fust therefore in the liberty wherevjith Christ hath made us free, and 6ft not 
eyitangled again with the yoke of bondage" — Galatiaits v. 1. 





121, FLEET 8TBSBT, E.G. 



nent 100 

t 1 

dons : Waterloo, West 

82, 188 

iw Year 1 

vocation of the Free 

England, The 145 

^nl, An 125 

^generation and the 

tjh Synod 180 

teas of Huntingdon's 
..89, 79, 189, 179,217, 284 
«e Chorch of England 


rhe 12 

Bzeter, The, and the 
ch of England at Lyn- 

le Free Church of Eng< 



:ed oat of the Fire, The 203 
or. The Missionary 

e Church of England 

,98,139,178 218 

r Churchmen on the 
rch of England 8, 85, 



Jread, The 76 

Called 216 

umiture in the First , 


od, The : Its Nature... 128 

the Lord 183 

I, Cheltenham, Free 

England 117 

the Young 11 

L 101, 146, 207 221 

the Lord's Prayer for 

e 62 

OS 19, 40, 60, 80, 100, 

160,180,200 220 

!nce 97, 110, 128, 177, 191 
mts, To Our 20, 40, 69, 

120, 140, 160, 180 220 

f Huntingdon's College 110 

aot Conversion Ill 


Cyprus 151 

Death's Teachings 18 

Divine Efficacy without Human 

Power 142 

Ecclesiastical Begister 16, 89, 57, 

79, 98, 116, 139, 168, 178, 199, 217 284 

Editor's Table, The,- 87, 62, 77, 196 214 

Episcopal Free Church of England 

Services at Roath 181 

Exeter Free Church of England ... 199 

Faith 206 

Feeling after the Truth 167 

Formausm 158 

Free and Gratuitous Circulation 

Fund 14 

Friends of the Confessional in the 

Church of England 65 

Gleanings among the Sheaves of an 
Old Harvest Field 12, 88, 41, 62, 

81, 102, 121, 142, 162, 208 222 

Gown in the pulpit, The 155 

Hardened Sinner Saved, The 8 

Haslingden, Opening of a Free 

Church of England 218 284 

Hatcham ad Nauseam 165 

Henrie Smith, the Silver Tongued 

Preacher 57 

Hidden Treasure, The 15 

Hollinwood Free Chunsh of Eng- 
land 99, 117 219 

How to be a Gentleman 11 

Ilfracombe Free Church of Eng- 
land 17, 68, 199 284 

Jottings from our Note Book ...16, 
30, 61, 76, 89, 116, 186, 167, 

176, 197, 208 225 

King David's Epitah 121 

Leamington, Countess of Hunting- 
don's Church 199 

««Logas,The" 114 

London. By Eev . V? * Qt. ^^rat^j ... "^QS^ 



Lord James Bailer's, and the Irish 

Church 177 

Ludlow, Free Church of Eoglaud 

17, 58 79 

MasiBZiDP, The 22 

Meditation, A 188 

Meeting of the Council of the Epis- 
copal Free Church of England... 191 

New Maiden, Free Charch of Eng- 
land, 17, 36. 39, 58, 99, 117, 
140. 158, 199, 219 234 

Nod -Episcopal Orders in the Church 
of England 201 

Notices, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 
140, 160, 179, 200, 220 286 

Obituary 215 

O dear { how I am worried 

Oswaldtwistle, Free Charch of Eng- 
land 89, 118, 219 235 

Our Position 215 

Prayer and Praise in Early Christian 
Homes 55 

Pusey, Dr., on Confession 21 

Putney, Free Charch of England, 
17, '39, 69, 99, 118 200 

Pynson, Richard, Bookseller of St. 
Paul's, 4, 23, 44, 70, 89, 105, 
132, 173, 193, 209 230 

Quarterly Meeting of Council ICl 

Keligion without Life 87 

Rich Man's Charge, The 41 

Self Righteousness 30 

Sermon on Human Learning 102 

Shoreham Free Chuicb, 18, 69, 79 80 

Sierra Leone Mission, 20, 95, 166, 198 
Sketches from Life, 8, 30, 52, 6Q, 

87, 111, 125, 206 225 

Some Points ot Differences between 
Church of England and Free 

Church of England 21 


Southnmpton Free Church of Eng- 
land, 17, 79, 110, 140, 158, 187, 
200,219 235 

Spa Fields Countess of Huntingdon'a 
Chapel 39, 118 235 

Spalding Free Church of England 200 

Spiritual Life 52 

St. John's Free Church of England, 
Southampton 180, 170 235 

Suspicious Saints in a Canon's 
Calendar 77 

Sweet Song of Old Father Simon, 
The 162 187 

Teddington, Free Church of Eng- 
land 99, 119, 200220 285 

Tottington, Free Church of Eng- 
land 39,69,100,119,158 17!l 

Treatise of the Lord's Supper, A... 81 

Treat to Old People 55 

Trial of the Righteoo;^ The 33 

Tunbridge Wells 100 

Ulverston, Free Church of England 

Mission .'. 1^0 

Unrivalled Ornamant, The 57 

Unsay the Word, Undo the Deed... 187 

Voting by Orders 177 IW 

Wedding Garment, The 13 

West Drayton, Free Church of Eng- 
land ...18,40,80,119,179,220 235 

Weston, Countess of Huntingdon's 
Chapel 119 

Wheelton, Free Church of England, 
40. 140, 178 200 

Wellesborongh, Free Church of 
England 40 200 

Wilsden, Free Church of England, 
18, 120 1^ 

Without God and Without Hope in 
the World 6« 

Worcester, Countess of Hunting- 
don's Church , IJ 


JANUARY, 1878. 

^ ixtB^ Start. 

A New Year opens upon as« and we enter it with a sigh of relief, 
irhaps in no period of its history has the Free Church of England been 
tried as during the past year. There has been a great sifting within 
e Church, and great^ but not, perhaps, unexpected, opposition and 
tagonism from without ; but for all that, there are signs that God has 
vrork for this Church to do, and its members and executive, now freed 
)m many vexed questions that have involved much useless controversy, 
II be able to make a fresh start, and, with the Divine help, to set 
rnestly to the real work before them ; to the preaching of the Gospel 

Christ, and to the raising up of barriers to the spread of Popery and 

We are thankful that we are privileged to thus inaugurate a new 
lame of the Magazine. God has been pleased to bless our efforts in 
e past. Will our readers ask for even a more abundant blessing 
iring the new year, and not only ask, but do that which always ought 

accompany prayer — use the opportunities that may be given them. 
ill all, therefore, try to increase the circulation of the Magazine, and to 
sike known the great principles which it is established. to maintain? 


Br THE Rev. P. X Eldeidge. 

The bells have been chiming merrily this hour and more ; the postman 
B just brought a packet of beautiful cards of every variety of design, sent 
friends far away and near at hand, but all having the same good wish ; 
i already, from two or three *' loved ones at home " has come the cheerful 
jetmg — " A Happy New Year 1 " It is time to sit down and ask ourselves 
at it all means. 
Of coarse, we know what it means ! It means that twelve whole 


months ydept a year, hare passed into the eternity of aooompliahed facts, 
oarryinff with them some stranse stories of human sorrow and hanuiiBin; 
hje, and of human gladness and triumph too. What a long queer yun the 
old year will have to repeat to the shades at hia eldec brethren I Hov they 
will alTlaugfa togetbier oret •the' self-etleenKd "wMbtoa^^f ti^naiMfeni mu, 
and the mistakes into which it has led him ! How they will weep at the 
thought that so many centuries of painful experience hare failed to lemoTe 
folly from man ! Well, well, we wish the year had not so much that is aad to 
say about us. We wish we could call (it back and put into itshandis 
more consistent story. But it cannot be; what we hare written we have 
written, with all its errors^ its blots and misspellings, its false grammsr and 
uncouth arrangement, the reoord of oar life- om earth has been carried into 
the archiyes of heayen, and no prixitiur^ pto6f will come back to us lor 

If we could — ^but a fresh salutation reminds us that we can't, and mDi 
back our thoughts to the merry greeting of to-day, ** A happy new jeuf 
So Father Time lays before us a bright new Tolume, wherein, on the tai^i 
the first paffe, he has put his own curious autograph — ^1878. This is Ae 
book in whidi for the next twelve months we are to write the story of our Hm 
from day to day. How clean itlooks^ thiivgh our fingers have already kmM 
the pure white page ! Thank God for the renewed opportunity afilcHnled m,d 
writmg sometlung worth reading ! Lei uS' be* vesy oarefnl^ bf#B nfewk 
thoughtful^, prayerfully ; and may every new pafee ofthia glad new jeaj^ wl 
of noble thmgs that we have not only dteamed Of, but havie done; aad d 
sins, net "only moumedover, but conquered 1 

'' A ioBqmfinewrytaBi'' W^,«.ha|>py ^WHt If ouc Imk^Mkh 
realiaedv But there is so much mystery about the future, w» caaoot em 
count the leaves in the blank volume before us ; wei know not w hi a tt irwr 
book bb not short of three hundred and six^ fi'^e pieigeas aad wt'sam^w B^ 
so weak^so pronet to irresolution and sin, thafccour hand:trembl0a sifrii 
begin to write, and we fear lest we should fail after all, and the yeas iaili 
progress and its close should prove more sad than at its commencement. 

** A hcejspy new- year !" Ah ! we can perceive now« how it may be a l»pMr 
yeaif^ in spite of its mystery and possible sorrow. If it be begun^, oontiiMiMk 
and ended with Christ — if He be our companion through all its stages, if B^ 
be by us, as wejtako up the pen to every page, then, it must indeed 
become a year of happiness to us, a year of successful endeavours^ and d 
bMssfol experience. If diffioulties arisen He wfll benearta huslt everyaHni 
to rest ; if troubles assail, the Man of Sorrows can calm ua woth the sweet- 
ness of his pain-perfected love ; if temptations thicken round us. He who his 
overcome the world, and made the devil to be already a vanquished foe^ fiU 
help us to conquer ; if in* some foolish thoughtless hourwe^ fall, into siD^stiQ 
He who ever liveth to make intercession for us, will plead the virtues of Bs 
blood, and obtain for us at once new pardon and cleansing. WeU may we 
greet one another with these joyful words— ** A Happy New Year!" ft 
cannot be otherwise with Jesus in the heavens and in our hearts — ourfVieDd) 
our Advocate, our all in all ! 

Beloved reader, in its fullest, truest sensO) may this year of grace be ^^i 
Happy New Year to you !" 

The Free Church of England recognizes and adheres to Spiscepacy, noi 
as of Divine right, but as a very ancient and desirable, form of Ghuidi 
polity ; but for tiie avoidance of any p33sible misnuderstauding, it emphiii' 
cally declares its repudiation of the Romish dogma of Apostolical SuooeeBee 
in the Ministry as involving the transmission of spiritual powers. 

l^nilitttB fax €)gmcl^mm,on % Jfm C^anrx:]^ 0f C^rgbnir. 

By the Rev. Professor Bradshaw. 

The Free Cburcli of England is already endeared to multitudes of Eng- 
ish Protestants. , Among these, we find both Conformists and Noncon- 
brmists ; but, since the vast majority are of the former class, and therefore 
arneand faithful children of the dear old English Church of the Relonners, 
IB by Law establkhed, they cling with fondest tenacity to all the tender 
Msociations of their early religious training in the Creeds, Articles, Lituiigy, 
md Episcopal order of Church Government, which collectively distinguish 
Ike National Establishment and the Free 'Ch\irch of England, from other 
lodesiastical organizations. 

But for these very reasons of State-Church, parentage and Staie-Chnrch 
tnudng from early childhood, those admirers and lovers of the Fxee Church 
of Eoglaiid, are men and women whose hearts have become horrified at see- 
ing the Establishment that was once so Scriptural and so true to God, and so 
Ipore and precious in the eyes of all her P^rotestant children, both secretly 
ind openly transformed, throughout numerous parishes in almost every 
diocese in OSngland, either into >a hideous Puseyite monstrosity, a soniething 
between Borne £knd OxJoxd ;<-^r into a real Komish hai?py, whose cruelvtdaws 
lutTe torn every Protestant And Scriptural piinciple of the Ai^gliofui State 
Church into shreds. 

It is therefore chiefly, though not exclusively, fbr those loyal children of 
the Church of England, that the Free Church of England has been esta- 
Uished ; and for their information these short chapters are designed ; 
letaiue, however glad and thankful all true Christians among Evangelical 
Nonconformists — ^properly so called — must be, at seeing Churchmen and 
Chnrchwomen endeavouring to save the National Establishment from Papal 
epilations, they cannot, as a rule, be expected to take so deep an interest 
m the Free Church Reformation movement, as those to whom everything 
teie and Scriptural in the old Mother Church — not that of Rome, but ctf 
&igland — must ever be invested with a lovable character. 

To such persons, the principles and prestige ; the history, trials, 'And 
tnnmphs ; the doctrines, Liturgy, ecclesiastical polity, and life-long .aasocia- 
fions of the old State Church, must ever continue to be dear. And although 
^titeh undying love of Protestant Truth, may even make them willing to see 
^ State prestige and emoluments ^ung to the four winds of heaven, should 
l^iflestablishment and Disendowment become a miequa non to Reform : still, 
4heb tendereet affections will continue toweling to the sacred memories of the 
put ; and will eagerly and gratefully entwine themselves around whchUia&r 
^Mnk most fully protects them from Popish innovations, while it preserves 
^ them all that was holy, heavenly, and true, with all that was tender from 
^ly education and associations in the now almost entirely Romanized 
'Church of their fathers. 

And since there is no eodesiastioal organization in existence, iviiiohso 
^y meets and satisfies all their wishes and wants, as that which laJmown 
^ the name of the Free Church of England ; no one can wonder .that 
thousands of Churchmen and Church women have already learned to love 
^at blessed City of Refuge to which they have fled, and to which all others 
^ 80 easily fly, from the Puseyism and Popery of the old ^tate Establish- 
^|Qnt, that is now in possession of a numerous host of clerioaHFaitors. And 
^^'Oaimot forget, that these are traitor* whose perfidy to Protestantism, 
^ loQg baen winked at by^nost of the Anglioan Bishops ; eneourftged .and 
^end^ by several others ; and, with one or two honourable ^o^ptions, 
^ver honestly and thoro\igh}y opposed by any existing Prelate on the 
English Bench. 

Slttj^arb ||9ns0n; ^oakBtlltt oi Sit Hani's: 

Bt The Ebitob. 

Chaptbb I.— '^Ib The King Dead?'' 

Hark at that mighty toll ! From the great, high turret of 8i Paul's, 
echoed and re-echoed from church steeples far ajod near, the bells load the 
air with sighs, and fill the heavens with the moans of a Nation's sorrow. 

The young and good King Edward the Sixth is dead, and the FroteitaBi 
hearts of England throb with grief, and are heavy with dark presentimflDii 
of woe to oome. 

It is the busy hour of the day in West Cheap, yet little is heard of il» 
babble and hum of chaffering. Some of the shops around old St. Patil'f m 
half-dosed, the upper windows darkened, and even the stalls are unbede^td 
with merchandize. The citizens, with saddened brows and smilelen bMf 
have left their shops, and stand in little knots about the conduit, andib 
comers of the narrow streets, and in a low, but ezdted tone, speak of tii» 
great calamity that was said to have fallen upon them all. 

'^Is't true, neighbour, think ye ? " asked one. 

*' Why, hear ye not the bells ? " said another. 

** Tea, I hear ; yet some^y the King liveth." 

'* Nay, it's too true, too true I ween,' replied another, monriifi4f 
shaking his head. 

'^Ah! then, that, good neighbours, was the meaning of yesierdayi 
exclaimed an aged citizen, holding up his hands. *' Oh, what a fearful day to 
be sure ! never, never saw I^the like ! " 

*' And marked ye not,"|^d another, '*how the heavens were as black tf 
night, with clouds shaped into angry forms 1 " 

** And," said a patten-maker, *^ how the streets ran like open rivers." 

*' A summer day of strange, strange marvels," said the aged citizen; 
** saw ye not how Smithfield and the gardens in Aldersgate* were covered 
with hail-stones as red as blood ? " 

f ** True, true," cried several voices at once. *' Ah ! no doubt the Eingi* 
dead !" 

** Tush ! " said one, who had not yet spoken, '^ the King yet liveth." 


"Yea," was the reply, ^** for his Grace of Northumberland assured the 
Lord Mayor, yesternight, that the King is not dead." 

" Believe it not ! some foul play, I vveen, has been at work ; hence 
signs from heaven," said the old citizen. 

** So, it's even bruited about at Westminster," joined in another; "'a^l 
hear from a gossip, who knoweth Master Richard, the King's' cook, that 
'tis said trace of poison hath been found in the royal bedchamber." 

** Then it's a plot, neighbours, a Popish plot, depend on't," exdsimed 
another; ''the galleon of Spanish monks came not at Eastertide from 
over seas for nought ! " 

'' Then heaven defend us, if so it be ! '' exclaimed a young man, who, a» 
he left the group, turned towards a lane on. ^Aie xvoxWa. ^\dft of St. Paul's, and 


tered the first of a row of quaint, timber-framed houses, whose projecting 
»per stories protected the stalls that were spread out before the windows 
the ground floor. 

These old houses were chiefly inhabited by the ^* Statlonari" or manu- 
ript-sellers ; and by dealers in relics, rosaries, pater-tiosters, aves, creeds, 
aces, legends, and, indeed, in all the devotional literature of Borne. 

And such were the wares in which old Thomas, the father of Richard 
fnaon, bookseller of St. Paul's, had escluslvely dealt, for he was a rigid 
itholic, and shunned all traffic in those heretical, vulgar versions of the 
sriptures, which some of his neighbours would secretly sell at goodly 
"ofits. But he died in the reign of Henry YIII., before the Reformation 
id fairly set in, and without knowing thit his son Richard, had in his 
eart, become a Protestant. 

Thomas Pynson, an old man when he died, bequeathed to his son 
Ichard only a portion of the wealth that he had amassed in trade. He left 
Im the business, the house in which he had dwelt, and a store of a hundred 
oands in English gold, a large sum in bluff Harry's day ; but all that he 
ad besides he left to the monks, to purchase masses for the peace of his soul, 
nd, in accordance with Romish teaching, to make easy by posthumous 
snerosity and good works, his admission into the Kingdom of Heaven. 

Perhaps Richard Pynson might have become a rich[man like his father^ had 
e followed in his steps and kept to orthodox bookselling ; but just a little 
rhile before his father died, an incident occurred that changed the whole 
arrent of his thoughts, and shaped and modified all the principles of his 
Iter Hf e. 

One afternoon, late in the autumn of the year 1526, when the sun had 
[one down, and the grey twilight was deepening, a man with a slouched cap 
nd flemish cloak entered the shop of Thomas Pynson. The bookseller had 
[one to Eastcheape on business, leaving his son Richard to look after the 

Richard immediately stepped forward, saying, *' Sir ! what do ye lack 1 " 

The man, who spoke in fair English, explained that he was a printer, 
hat he had just come from Antwerp, where he had been to learn the new 
^. He had sought employment of Master Grafton, and of the printers on 
x)ndon Bridge, but without success, and now he was driven to clos# straits, 
^ould Master Pynson recommend him to work, if not, would he lend him a 
ov florins if he left with him in pledge a book, that he valued much, and 
fhkh he had brought from over seas 1 

'^ It is a precious book, young Sir," said the man, *^and hard to part 

With that he drew from the folds of his cloak, and gave into Master 
kichard's hands, a small volume, bound in sheep-skin, with great brass bosses 
Qthe covers, and printed in old black-letter; a book well thumbed and 
iQch used, as many marks and notes on the margins did testify. But as 
[aster Richard opened it, and ran his eye over the leaves, he shook his 
8ad, saying, — 

*' I am sorry, good friend, bat this is a book strange and unvendible \ 
ad it been now, a Missal, or a fairly -writ ' Garden of the Soul/ maybe 1 
ight have ventured on its purchase." 


"^Oa its purchase' I good Sir," said the man, '^I card not to veil it! 
"Rather would I starve than part from it for ever; bnt I have a wife, God 
l^ess h^r Land she is famishing for bread," . . 

filphard looked at the man in astonishment, and wondered what he 
meant ;' but he saw that there was a tear in his eye, and that he waiin 
sorrow. The generosity of his nature was touehed, and he said, — 

*' T meant not to hurt thy feelings, good man ; but my father is sway, 
and 1 have but little wherewith to help thee. In pity of thy oase ttd 
necessity, I will, out of my own store, lend thee five florins, and thonein'si 
redeem the book when it pleaseth thee." 

'^Hay Gk»d bless and prosper thee ! " exclaimed the man ; '^and ni^titi 
book feed thy soul with living victuals ! *' 

Richard wondered still more at the strange speech of the poor man, kk 
lie gave him the florins, and taking the book up into' his bedchamber, 1» 
iooiced it up in the great carved standard, that stood at his bed*a foot. 

Tor some days Richard forgot all about the book, but by aad'by 1» 
thought of his florins, and wondered whether he should ever Beerihem'i;^ 

*^By the good Virgin!" said he, '^methinks I'm a weak-hearted fool, 
to part with my hard coin for nought. What would my good fatiier say?" 

Weeks passed, ay, months ; and the stranger came not to redeem lui 

Going to the great standard one Sunday morning to get out his M 
grey jerkin — ^for he was that morning to meet Mistress Tavemor at St TtxHS, 
before mass, and wanted to look smart in the eyes of his betrothed ; h 
caught sight of the book lying among his clothes. 

" Ah !" said he, " drat the book ! A pretty thing for five good -floriitt ! " 
(But he took it up in his hand, and glancing at[the open page, read : "9 
ny man eat of this bread he shall live for ever.'' 

This put him in mind of the stranger, and the still stranger words M 
,he had said about ^[ living victuals.'* So he sat on the bedside, half dressed, 
and began to read. 

And a strange book it seemed to him, and wondrously winning, too ; for 
Richard read and read forgetful of all else, until the bells of St. PanFs 
reminded him of high mass, and Jenny Tavemor, who hcul been waiting a 
good hour with pputing lips, wondering that her Richard should 'be so 
unfaithful to his tryst. 

And when Richard came, mistress Jenny noted something in his manoff 
that puzzled her. He was so quiet and thoughtful, that it was'nt like wooiBg 
at all 

'* Gk>od truth,'' said she to Richard, '' thou seemest in a duU mood tlufl 
morning. I have spoken fair words e'en twice to thee, and thou hast not 
answered me." 

" Pardon me, Jenny," replied Richard, " but I was thinking of asttange 
book that I have been reading, all about *' 

** Well ! well ! never mind thy reading now, Richard, or of a certifety 
we shall be too late for mass." 

A very imposing ceremony was that High Mass, performed 'with tho 

ehanting of a hundred choristers, and with the fullest and most' goigeeos 

ritoMl of Rome ; bat the grandeui ol t\i« ws^uA) «ii<itk« enchasitii^bviitof 


holy song seemed not to affect the eye and ear of Bichard. As they left the 
church they strolled across to Smithfield, to say the pretty things that 
lovers always have to say, and which, old as the world, are yet ever new ; 
and there, sitting under the great elm tree, Richard began after awhile, 
again to talk about the book, and the pleasant words he had read therein, 
until Jenny wondered whether he meant to say anything about their 
wedding-day, which had been the all-engrossing subject of their conversation 
when last they met, but which he seemed now to have forgotten altogether. 
Nevertheless, the wedding-day came in due course, and Richard was mated 
to pretty Mistress Jane, and a happy loving pair they were ; but even amidst 
the joys^of early married life, Richard couldn't forget the strange book, and 
the two would read it together, and talk about it, until the Holy Spirit shed 
new light upon it all, and so touched their hearts, and opened the eyes of 
their understanding, that they received it as the good message of Salvation 
and Love, to their mutual joy and bliss. 

Thus it was, that Richard Pynson came to be a Protestant, and a seller 
of goodly Bibles, New Testaments, and the early writings of the Reformers ; 
and during the few happy years of King Edward's reign, the shop at the 
comer of Paternoster Row, and then known by the sign of *' The Open Bible," 
was the resort of some of those great and good men, who, to the honour and 
glory of our country, died for the Protestant faith, 

In his domestic life, Richard Pynson experienced that mixture of joy 
and sorrow which seems the lot of most. In Jenny he found a kind and 
bithful partner, a good and thrifty housewife, who knew how, by prudence 
ind good temper, to make home happy and comfortable. But they had to 
mourn afflictions, the wounds of which were never healed. Their first-born 
vas a son, who died in his infancy ; then a bright-eyed daughter was given 
ko them, who was christened Katherine ; and, lastly, a son, who was named 
rhomas. But just when Katherine had grown to full girlhood — when her 
iweet temper and winning, fondling ways had wound round all their hearts, 
ind made the home of the bookseller a little heaven to them all — she died, 
lod left such a void in the circle of home, that for years, the very life, and 
jo^) and sweetness, of the place seemed to be gone, and in their stead there 
ma a strange, awe-like silence, painful and sad to feel. 

And so Thomas, the young man, who, leaving the knot of gossips turned 
nto the quaint shop, looking up Cheap, at the comer of Paternoster Lane, 
ras now the only child of Richard Pynson, the Bookseller. 

But a fine, tall, manly fellow he was, upright and bold, with limbs well 
aiit by good exercise at bow and quarter-staff ; with strongly marked features, 
• fair complexion, sunburnt by recent travel, dark hair, and eyes, that in 
pite of their clear, good-humoured straightforward glances, had at times a 
fcrangely sad and soft expression, which seemed to denote a quick and sen- 
ttive nature. 

Passing through the half -closed shop, Thomas Pynson entered the little 
Dom behind, where his father, now far passed middle-age, was sitting. 
Only occupied in arranging and collating the printed sheets of a book for 
16 binder. He raised his eyes as his son entered, and on his face there 
la an expression of deep anxiety. 

"My son,'* said he, *'I fear me that evU days are comia^laAl \i^qtl\a^ 


and we sball- «oon hare cause to moam^ jet mora b i ti a i t j, goed Kiag 
Edward's death." 

** Kay, dear fatker,'' replied the young man^ in a *<roico'tiiat tried to l» 
eheerfnl, *^let ue not add to our present soitow, bylieokoningOlhar*tnmb]fli 
to come and keep it company. '^ 

** Alas ! " said the bookseller, *^ they need no beoktming ; depaad'opoa tt, 
ihey aie dose npon us. With Lady Mary on the thxoQe^ all thegoodwock 
wiU'be undone ! '^ 

'* Ah ! but 'tis said," exclaimed Uieson, ''that thcKTOg^kayi-kft airiU, 
by whidi Lady Jane Grey, my Gface of STorthombeiland^ MaawmamA, m to 
be Queen of England." 

** Marry, my son," said the father, '^ this tportends trouble, 'Utethiida, ii 

another way. Sarely the Lady Mary is the rightful heir to 'Eofjkah 

throne ?" 
<<Bot the Lady Jane, God bless her, is«Pro«eatant," and OUkmbss, wlk 

entibusiaBm ; '^and fain do I hope that to-monuw ahe aay Jbo-pcoebeiei 

F^Kth frnn I'm by, I'll give a lasty cheer ! " 

** My<8on ! my son ! " replied the father, '^ bo not cash jod V**^***— y- 
Naught of good will oome of treason." 

** Treason, father ! " exclaimed the young man. *^ Why, tiiey say iliitili 
the Council— even the good Archbishop Oranme]>— liatii Bgned that the Siitf 
had a right to appoint the Lady Jane." 

*' 'Sorry am I to hear it," said Master Pynson, *' for I fear me-greslly Ai^ 
ii will only the more embitter the hatred of the Papiita, tewmrda the fDeai* 
of the blessed Reformation." 

At this point the conversation was interrupted, and Thomas ■ was ealldi^ 
attend a customer. When he returned to the parlour, he stoodier amooMBk 
irresolute. 'His father, seeing that he had something to say. said, — 

" Speak, my son. What is it ? " 

*' Dear father," said Thomas, with a submission and dutifulneis iHBiA^ 
would iu these days be deemed old-fashioned, *' I would cs«ve thy goodoH^ 
and ask thee, as customers will be scant, to grant me a holiday." 

** A holiday, my son, and just home ! " said Master Pynson, witha mah^ 
'^ Is there archery in Finsbury Field at a time so sad ? " 

*^ No, falser, thou knowest I care not for the butts in Finsbary lEielctf joi^^ 
now ; I only want to see Aunt Tavemor." 

'^Aunt Tavemor ? " said the father, with a knowing smile, **or,"— - 

** Well, of coarse," said Thomas, blnshing like a maiden, '^Iwant toW0 
CoBsin Amy too." 

"Well, well," said Master Pynson, **hie thee away, my son; hie Am 

SiktitlstB from ^ift. 


L. W. was an artisan, and had lived to middle life without God asd 
without hope in the world. He went to Church on Sundays, more ork* 
regularly, but had no more thought of religion than the steeple. His hsbiti 
were intemperate and his life ungodly, not worse, perhaps, or better thsa tb^ 
genenJity of men -, and be was ULttetl^ uunouoemed about hia soid, «b ili 


en naturally are. His drinking habits had probably undermined his 
nstitution, for a cold he had taken could not be shaken off. At first he 
a&ted it lightly, but after a while he had to knock off work, then to keep 
I doors, and, £[nally, was .confined to his house altogether. 

He had been in thia state nine months when I first saw him. He <was 
'OQching over the fire -when I entered. He received me coldly. ^' You are 
ot well," I said, going up to him. " No,'' he replied. On going away, 
I will call again," I said. ^' Very well," he replied, in a tone and manner 
hich seemed to say, '' as you please." Two months passed away without 
ny change. The man seemed clothed with a coat of mail, through which 
K) word could possibly force its way. Nothing seemed to move him or 
produce the slightest impression. A man, more dark, and indifferent and 
ipsihetic coidd not be. I was in .despair about him, and felt tempted to 
give him up as, I now learnt, others had done before me. Yet the man was 
honest and open. " What you say," he would observe, " is true, no doubt, 
but I do not feel it." Another time, ** I know I am a sinner : but I don't 
see that I am guilty as you say^I am, or polluted, or lost. '' He was willing 
to read the tracts left Mm, and the Bible too. But, notwithstanding all this, 
there was a stolid indifference about the man, that withered you and made 
rour tongue cleave to the roof of your mouth. All your efforte seemed ** as 
rater spUt on the ground." " What can I do more ? ''ie said, one day, in sheer 
exation, '^ I am reading and praying all day loi^g and all night, too. What 
ui I do more ? '' Annoyed at the drudgery he was put to — like a man 
t the treadmill, going through his rounds because he was obliged to— 
nd wishing, if possible, to startle him'out of his indifference, I said to him, 
Tou are rea^g and praying too much." ''Beading and praying too 
neb !" he said, eagerly catching at the thought. *' Yes,'^ I replied, and left 
incx abruptly, for I saw he was at last aroused. He was evidently relieved 
' the thought, and eagerly caught at it, so I left him to think about it. 
Did you not tell me. Sir," he asked, the next time I saw him, '' that I read 
id prayed too muchl" "Yes,"! replied, "what of that?" "I'he old 
)Utleman, Sir, would not believe it/' he said, alluding to a gentleman who 
ae in the habit of visiting him — "no mistake, was it. Sir?" **No,*' I 
iplied— and thought, "you have found your tongue at last " — ^but said to 
ina, '' You expect that all this reading and praying will help to save you ?" 
To be sure I do," he replied, " or else what's the use 7" " Exactly ; then 
ou are making a saviour of your prayers ; but your prayers cannot save 
ou, no, not if you prayed till you wore the skin off your knees. Christ, 
ind not your prayers and repentance, is the Saviour. He is the only 
Saviour." " Then, what must I do 1" "Nothing," I replied. " Nothing V 
be exclaimed, in great astonishment. "No,'' I said, " nothing." " Then I 
need'nt pray," he said, glad at the thought. "I did'nt say that," I replied, 
"hut that you were praying too much." " Praying too much !" " Yes," I 
said ; " when a man makes a saviour of his prayers, and trusts to them to 
>ave him, he is praying too much, for he thinks, like the Pharisees, that he 
9hall be heard for his much speakijog." "What, then, mv^t I do ?" 
'* Nothing," I again repeated, " for eveiytbing has beenjdone already. Christ 
laid, * It is finished,' ' Salvation is finished ' — 'What you have to do is just 
;o receive it and be saved.'* This proved the turning point in the man's 
iharacter. Some time after this, I saw him reading at the window as I 
lASsed. I had seen him there once before, but then he was reading old 
f oore's Almanack ; now I found the Bible before him, — a great and signifi- 
ant difference, I thought. Looking over his shoulders, I said, '' Yon have 
,good work there." "Yes, Sir," he replied, in a subdued tone of voice. 
^Whv, you are reading the 51st Psalm,^' I said ; ^'what makes you read 
bftt?" "Because it suits me, Sir." "Suits you," I exdaimed, "why 
iiat paalm is fuU of m^scy !" ^^ Yes, Sir," he replied, very J^mbly, so 
ifemtioJiis fozmecJiaxdun&eli^^g manner. ^':AuadQe«ixv^T^V9xV\9^'^^' 


I said. " Yet, Sir/ be again replied. *' And do 70a mj for a dean haut 
and right tpirit r ''Tea, Sir ; manj times a day." ^^Tbank God^^Iex- 
daimed, ** tnen I have hope of yon^ for no man ever sought God's mercy im- 
vain," and I left for the first time with anything like hope oonoeming him. 

About six weeks before his death, he took to his bed. One day, oil 
eallin£[ to see him, he expressed his deep gratitude to Gkxl in not cutting laxm. 
down in his sins a year ago. Surprised ij this earnestness and openness oE" 
manner, I inquired if he had reoeived any fresh light. '^Oh yes, Sir,** h^ 
replied. '' When ?" I inquired. '« Last night, S&. Ton see. Sir." h« 
added, '^ I cannot sleep much, and I think oyer &U you have been saymg to 
me, and while thus thinking, there came such a light into my heart, and 31 
saw what a sinner I had been, and the wonderful meroy of God to me, I di^ 
not know how to praise Him enough.'' He seemed to catch a (^mpse of tlae 
blessedness of the " man unto whom the Lord imputeth not sin.'* Two dsM 
after this he sent for me in great haste, said he was slad I had come^ oe 
wished to speak to me of the Lord's mercy to him whi& he had the power* 
He got up in bed, and then poured out his soul in words of wonder andjmiaa 
for nearly a quarfcer of an hour. As soon as I could put in a word, Isaid^ 
*^ Have you had another discovery made to your soul f ** Oh, yes, last nigitt 
It is all light now, all light," he added, with glad joy ringing in his woida 
'* I am a new man 1 It is all wonderful ! I see now why God has spaiwf 
me. Oh, I shall die happy at last!! In Christ," he added, ** in Ghritt'' 
'^ Christ is precious to you now, is he ?" I said. ** Tes, He is all my hope.'^ 
Then suddenly turning to me, he said, ** What a heart I must have had. Oh, 
the hardness of the heart I Ah ! Sir, it is hard work, hard work." '^Most 
people think it easy work to be saved," I said. " Oh, they will find out tiiflir 
mistake. Oh, what a hard heart was mine, and what sort of a crei^ure mfd 
I have been !*' '* You know now what the Bible says is true 1" ** Oh, vet, I 
see it all." ** Old things had passed away and all had become new " m bit 
case, and he rejoiced in the trutii, for it had made him free. It changed the 
expression of his countenance, and softened the tones of his voice. Shortly 
after this, he lost the power of speaking, except in a whisper, and hifl lif» 
was fast ebbing away. But his soul was absorbed in love and delighi To 
all inquiries, ''going to heaven,*' he would say; and a few hours before hift 
departure, his attendant saw the tears roll down his cheeks, and caught the 
words, ''Jesus, Jesas,'' and they were his last 

Thus passed away L. W., a hardened sinner, but a hardened sinner saved. 
Header, are you concerned about your soul ? In what do you trust ? 


Ik a search through an old library, I came the other day upon an 
inventory of the furniture and the contents of a Christian house in 
the first century. Shall I give you a few of the items ? The cup of 
salvation, the robe of righteousness, pure linen — clean and white, the 
water of life, new wine in the cluster, the bread of life, the finest of 
the wheat, the hidden manna, the white stone, the crown of riffhteousnflfl> 
the crown of life, the crown of glory, the fruit of the Spurit, accept- 
ance, adoption, assurance of faith, assurance of hope, assurance of undtf" 
standing, joy and peace in believing, everlasting consolation and good 
hope tlurough grace, charity, meekness, gentleness, temperance, boweu of 
mercies, long-suffering, kindness, forbearance, humility, love of the brethren. 
Stopy you say, that is enough— enough for one house, enough for one heart 
What then will you say when I tell you, not of the furniture, but of the 
tenant of this mansion ? He is the high and lofty One ! The Father had said, 
'^I will dweU in you and walk in you," axid He did : the Son had said, ** Wff 


le unto him and make our abode with him," and they came ; for we 
>n the best authority that Christ was in them, and the Spirit of the 
was in them too ; yea, their bodies were '^ the temple of the Holy 

May we not say of such a habitation, '^ This is none other tiian the 
: Grod, this is the gate of Heaven ? '^ 

le same library in which I found the inventory (you begin to suspect 
•rary it was), I saw lying about several o]d pictures ; one especially 
le. It was that of one of those very primitive people who actually 
. whatever Gk>d said to them, and reaped their reward in the comfort 
)erienced, the life they led, and the work they did. This man, for 
, could despise the old lumber in the cellar, so long as it was under 

of '* no condemnation," and so long as Jesus kept the key, he could 
3 in the hope of the glory of God,'' and could '^ glory in tribulations 
he could claim that *' the law of the Spirit of Ufe in Christ Jesus " 
him '* free from the law of sin and death." He gloried in infirmities, 
)asure in persecutions, and so little did he care for comfort that he 
rite, *^ I know both how to be abased and how to abound. ... I can 
lings through Christ which strengtheneth me." To this man to live 
dst, and to die was gain, so that the aureola superstition has set 
his brow, is not altogether out of place ; it is only too faint to repre- 

'* crown of righteousness which the Lord, the righteous Judge, E^all 
1 at that day." 

this crown is not for him only, **but for all them also that love 

appearing ; " and the life that led to it is for all to live. It is 
that it was so once. Eveiy page of the New Testament shows that 
vileges were practically enjoyed in the first ages of the Church. I do 
everywhere, always, or by iJl. No one can think that. There were 
isponding moments even in Paul's life, there were some black sheep 
Qong Paul's converts ; but the normal state of the earlv Christians 
) have been sweet, sunny, celestial ; it had the dew of the morning, 

of heaven upon it ; the converts were a happy people, a holy people, 


surely such an exalted piety was only for an exalted age ! This is 

John Fletcher and Mary Bosanquet, his wife, might sit for their 

s, and their pictures would look as well as any of those by the old 

; so President Edwards and his wife, and so some later saints. No, 
; ages are not to have it all to themselves. This is the sort of people 

expected to be, it is the sort of inheritance we were bom to, when we 
bom again.'' Full salvation is the '^ heritage of the servants of the 
and they shall enter upon it so soon as tiiey realize that ^Hheir 
isness "—imparted as well as imputed — *' is of Me, saith the Lord." 

€olnmn fax ilgt §^onng. 


)u see I am a gentleman ! " said Will Thompson. '*I will not take 

It." And the little fellow strutted up and down in a rage. He had 

rowing stones at Peter Jones, and he thought that his anger proved 

be a gentleman. 

you want to be a gentleman, I should think you would be a gentle 

It," said bis teacher. ^' Gentlemen do not throw stones at their 

•urs. Peter Jones did hot throw stones at you, and I think he ia 

lore likely to prove a gentleman." 

at he has got patches on his knees," said Will. 

lat wouldn't keep a boy from being a gentleman,'* said his teacher, 

bad temper does. Now, William, if you want to be a gentleman, you 

st be a gentle boy." ' ^^ 


A little f artier oiu .tke iMote m$i Beter Jobm. . ^oine itaies Jud lut 
bnny And ^e- itsm hust by ikeni. 

'< Weil, Peter, wliatii theaatter betveeayourand WiU4ib{»n^inij^t'' 
Mked tbe teaoiiw. 

"I was throwing a ball at oneol thobopfj in riajj Ku mi<I il>< wiiiiHlLiiii 
and bit Will Tbompaon^a dog.'' 

*' Then when he threw atooea-at yoo, why did yon not.ihraw4MMikf 

'^ Beoanae, Bir, another aaya that to be agentleman, Imvmk be a rnuHa 
hqiy ; 4Uid I thoQght ia beat to keep out of.hia way tULlie lOooledeCairttk" 

The teaoher walked on, bat kept the boya in inind. He Uy^d.taaae Will 
Tbompaon azowdy^and Peter Jonea agentUmao, kwradiind niiyootedjyalL 


A TJSY dsar only daaghto: lajr dying. She had bean Ji ihoog^tfial, pny- 
ing dnldy having profoaaed Eebgioa at twelre yeaca of age, and Hied a 
deyotad and uaeful Chriataan life. Now, ahe waa only •«aifing<aiaw!li«iin 
to go home. 

'Severe, pain at timea 'almoat tooiciaway the power of tiKmg^. iBetmen 
yu>8e aevere aitaoks of aufianngyvthe looked baek on hw ohildboad'i 
eijcpeniencea, and forward into the bleaaad f utnre, with •equal olaanieM jad 
joy, aaahe aaid, *' Theresa a delightful deameaa now." 

Ab I sat by her bed, we talked as her strength would pannit. Amoog 
the many things never to be forgotten, ahe aaid, ^'Fatiier, you know I 
prof eased religion when I was youngs vary young, aome th<»iglit.toa9«aBg^ 
but oh ! how I ^iah 1 oould tdl everybody what a oomfort it aeane 
to think of it." Reaching out her hand^the fingers already oeM-taad 
graaping mine, ahe aaid, with g^eat earaaeatneBB, '^Su&eryyoa areat wock 
for uie young. Do all jeia can for them while they are yauog. It is theihul 
$ime-^he best iime. Oh, I aee it now aa I never did before. It ia the bart 
time — while they are yoaag — the younger the better. Do all you caafor 
them — ^while they are very young." 

Do you think, my young friends, that she was mistaken ? I am suie 
she was not. It is the best time now to come to Jesus. What a eomfort it 
will be in the time of sickness, and how sad if you neglect Hia love. 

Here is a *' handful" dropped into the lap of the reader; and if he liketh it mil, 

he shall have another- handful next month. 

(Rom. xiii. 14 ; " Put ye on the Lord Jesus Chrigt") 

" Thebe be many fashions of apparell, but they are too Ught, or too heavy, 
or too sad, or too coorse, or too stale ; and all weare out. At last the 
Apostle found a fashion that surpassed them all : it is never out of fashion, 
meet for all season, fit for all persons, and such a profitable weed, that tiie 
more it is wome the fresher it is. 

" This Garment Paul hath sent unto you, to go before the King of heaven 
and earth : a Garment whereof every hem is peace of Conscience, every plaftte 
is joy in the Holy Ghost, every stitch is the remission of some sinne, and 
saveth him which weareth it. If she which touched the hem of Ghziifs 
Garment was healed ; be which weares this Garment, nay, he which weaitf 
Christ himself e, shall not he be healed of all sores, though he were weonded 
from head to foot ? 

^' We are not taught to put on Angels, nor Saints, nor the Yy^ffuMdiffj 
nor Paul himselfe, to cover onr ainnea with their righteouanaaa^ \U i» 


Pnqaiits doe : bat we are commanded to put on Ohriist, and cover €uir sinnes 
vith.his idgkteousBesBe. The body hath many garments, but the soul Jiath 
MiQigamnent. Every clout will cover our sores, but the fiDe8t>^lke will not 
sover our sinnes. Therefore when we aeeme brave to others, -we-aaemeioule 
io God, because his eye is upon our sinnes, which lye naked, -when all the 
rest is covered, untill we pup on Christ, and then we heare the voyce. Thy 
tinnes are forffiven ; and then we iiave that bkssing, Blessed is the, man uhose 
tirme i» cowred : so we are ckythed and blessed together. Yet ^lis .garment is 
>ut of request, too rough for some, too grave for others, too base for others. 
Ind therefore instead of putting on Christ, they put him off: instead of 
vel-comming him, they discharge him, like the Gadarens, that they may 
£eep their «wine^ that is, their beastly pleasures, which he* would cast into 
>he sea. 

** The Papists say this garment is not.£t for them, and thesefore they 
breake it, and mangle it, and piece it with rags of their owue. inventions : 
bhey say it is too light, and not able to beare off the stocmes of deaiJb, and 
therefore chuse rather to make themselves garments of their, jnents, like 
^dam and Eve, which. made themselves coates of fig-leaves, wlaich God 
iestroyed again, to shew that when men have patched all their Jeaves of 
Masses, of pardons, of pilgrimc^es, and satisfactions together, jret they will 
aot cover their nakednesse, nor keepe off the heate of God's wn^ih« 

*' If you will know how to put on Christ, you shall see Jiow ycur Text 
will catechize you in his i^ee names — Lord, Jesus, Christ. The Apostle 
seemeth to spell out the way unto us, how we should weare this Garment. 
First, thou must put him on as Lord, that is, thy Ruler to command thee ; 
khy Tutor to govern thee ; and thy Master to direct thee. Thou must put 
bim on as Jesus, that is, thy Saviour in whom thou trustest, thy Protector 
on whom thou dependest ; thy Redeemer on whom thou beleevest. Thou 
must put him on as Christ, that is, a King to rule ; a Prophet to teach ; a 
Priest to pray and sacrifice, and pacifie the wrath of God for thee. 

'' Lastly, when you have put on Christ in tiiese three sorts, which is your 
garment for this World, after you shall put on Christ in Heaven, and be 
clothed with his glory and that shall be your last vesture which shall never 
weare out. 

'^ Kow I have shewed you this goodly garment, you must goe to another 
to help you to put it on ; and none can put tiiis garment upon you, but hee 
which is the Gacment, the Lord Jesus Chnst. Therefore to him let us pray." 

Henry Smith, 
Eecior of Clements Danesy London.; about 1590. 

Death has been busy among us lately, cutting off many here and there ; 
Bntering our congregations, coming into our families, sparing neither young 
nor old ; sweeping away one suddenly, leaving another to wear away with 
sickness, and, like the Apostle, ** to die daily." 

We cannot choose the death we would die, any more than we can choose 
the time ; yet, even in this, we may reverently say, " My time is in Thy 

'* Not a single shaft can hit 
Till the God of love see fit." 

Some of ottr friends have been-iaken from us very 6uddeQly-*-no farewells, 
DO parting, no good-bye— yet they are gone for ever. How we miss their 
eheery greeting, their frank psaiseand words of enoouiagement. We knew 
not till Death took them how imuch they were to us; little l^ilLUle we 
awaken to our loss ; day by day^ we feel how much haa gone out jA oar life ; 
ire MMiiwd their love and all uieir kindneaa aa a xa^itlox ol owiiAfe— ^^ \a^ 


it all, and gave back so little— now they are beyond our reacb. '^ Ab," sayi 
one to nSy ''another saint is gone borne." Yes, we know it. bat oar bearto 
are yearning for tbem ; we are feeling only the great gap made, and tbinkiiig 
bow the circle is narrowinff every year. 

Deatb speaks to us at different periods of oar life in different ways. The 
message is not always tbe same, it does not affect as at all times alike. There 
are times when we fall on oar knees in earnest thankfalness tbat oar preciom 
ones are taken from tbe evil to come ; are safely boased, delivered from the 
figbtings without and fears within wbicb so harassed tbem in -life. And we 
are tbuikfal we have been permitted to outlive tbem, to sootbe tbeir kit 
moments, and tenderly lay tbem to rest. 

Again ; deatb takes those from us wbo are ripe and ready, waiting onlj 
to step over tbe threshold, listening for tbe voice, " Come up bitber.*' 1 often 
think of what a good old man — poor, yet ricb — once said to me : '* I do 
count it no small mercy to be able to go tbrougb life as a Obristian, without 
bringing any disgrace upon tbe cause of God.^ And so wben deatb takes 
tbese samted ones, our prayers rise into praise, and tbrougb our tears we 
grateful^ say, ** We bless Thy Holy Name, for Thy Servants departed this 
ufe in Thy faitb and fear. We thank Thee tbat they lived a godly, righteous, 
and sober life, to the glory of Thy Holy Name ; and we thank Thee for their 
peaceful deatb — ^no blot, no slur — ^but all through life in Thy faitb and fear." 
Ab, happy be wbo can have tbis epitapb written over bim. He may have no 
great genius, no great talent, no great learning, may be little known and 
little regarded, yet sball be sit down with Abraham. Isaac and Jacob in the 
kingdom of bis Father ; and wben earth's fame and glory are forgotten and 
peritthed, be shall shine as tbe stars in tbe firmament. 

But deatli comes sometimes and takes from us our beart's beloved, our 
other self, our very life ; and tbe sun becomes darkened,^and we grope at 
noon-day. We are dumb, and open not our moutb, or say with Joh, 
''Miserable comforters are ye all." Sucb intensified grief comes, I think, 
but once in our life, and we never forget tbe lesson. It is appalling to see 
it in others, but wben that sword is thrust into our own bosom, ah, who can 
speak about it? I dare not. We can only cry, " My heart is overwhehned 
within me, lead me to the Rock that is higher than I." 

But death seizes the young as well as the old. Sucb a death-bed haye I 
seen, tbe very ante-chamber of Heaven ; not that the young life was tired 
of this world. No ; life was fair and pleasant, but tbe future glory oat- 
shone all the joys of earth, and eclipsed its fairest prospects. The dazzling 
brightness of tbe other world came very near, and we who watched caaght 
glimpses too, and could scarcely bear the glory of the border-land. Long 
she lingered in sight of home, and heard the music, and saw the shining ones, 
and talked in raptures of Him whose love passeth knowledge. *' Can this be 
death ? " we said. '' Thanks be unto God who giveth us the victory." 

" Should this night swift death overtake us, 
And our conch become our tomb. 
May the mom in Heaven awake us. 
Clad in light and deathless bloom." 

^xn anir (^xvimtom Circulation JfunJr. 

We need only to take up tbe newspapers of tbe day to see how Ititualisio» 
as a system of symbolism, has led to toe triumph of Sacerdotalism in tho 
Church of England. Priestly assumptions, as arrogant as those of fiome^ 
are disturbing the peace, and imperilling the souls of multitudes of oor 
countn^men. The rankest popery is not only preached from tbe pulpits d 
the ''National'* Church, but industriously taught to lisping infants m the 
Sundsj'BcboolB of tbe establishmetit. Tb« woi^t institutions of priestcraft 


the Maas/the Confesaional, Penance, Prayers for dead, and all the tricks 
which " priests " in the darkest 9ges of the Church, have striven to obtain 
ntrol over the human muid— are being established in open defiance of the 
V, «nd in the very face of Protestants. The Bishops, timid and vacillating, 
) treated by the bold conspirators of the '^ Anglican" party with contempt, 
d the laity are powerless. This is the time, then, when a knowledge of the 
ee Church of England as a Protestant, Episcopal Church, holding firmly to 
) principles of the Keformation, cannot be too widely known. We desire 
l>e enabled to send our Magazine, by thousaikls, freely into new chaniaels, 
place it in the reading-brooms of all the free libraries of England, to circulate 
abundantly in districts where error prevails, and in the parities where the 
icerdotalists are making such daxing] efforts to obliterate all trace of that 
mous Eeformation which gave us & free Gospel, uid 4in EvoQgelical 
x>te8tant Church. 

Donations towards this e^dal ob jectare-eamestly solicited. Remittances 
oold be addressed to Mr. Merry weather, l^ew Maiden, Surrey. 

^QitixiQB from mx ^tt-^0k» 

The Council of the Free Church of England met at Westminster on 
Dsday, December 1 1th. 

A Tea Meeting, in connexion with i^e Trinity Free Church «f {England, 
announced to take place Jit New Maiden on January :8th. 

Complete sets of the Magazine for 1877 are still on band, but those 
drous of possessing them should make early application. 

JiESSRS. Pabtbidge akd Co. have in the press a volume entitled '' Christ 
1 Full Salvation," by theBev. J. B. Figgis, M.A., of Brighton. 

TfiE Bishops are powerless, and Popery at Ha,tcham is^flaumted in open 
Sanee of the law. Why not commence a true Protestant Free Ghvrch of 
gland there ? 

MiNisTEBS and Churchwardens are reminded that it would be desirable 
make early arrangements for the Annual Collectioois in aid of the Free 
oreh of England Extension Fund. 

Thebe died recently, in the great city of Lyons, a poor widow who had 
«n so fortunate as to become possessed of a great treasure in her old age. 
dr parents were very poor, and her husband had nothing but his industry 
^ depend on. As long, however, as he was able to work, they honestly 
Lned their daily bread, though they were never able to put anything by 

a rainy day ; but, when the old man died, leaving his poor widow child- 
is and infirm, want entered her desolate dwelling as an armed man. She 
Id everything but what was indispensable, and removed to a misesable 
Kret to spend the remainder of her days. She was not entirely -without 
neleeling of dependence upon the God of the fatherlesa and the widow, 
k dhe was a poor Ktmianist, and knew much more about ^saints and 
udian angels than of Jesus Christ, «nd what He has done £or us. 

One 4aj, as she was sitting alone in her comfortless, half -wnpty room, 
ttnicklier that there was a singular outline on the beams of the wall, 
le waUai;badlieen' whitewashed, ^li^she thought it looked.aa if .tJuucQ .hail 
mumaqtmre opexung/ia one ot . them, -which had iMen .caaMi^oi^ dow^^^v^^^^a. 


a kind of door. 8he examined it oloaelj, and the thought oceaned to h«r, 
'* Perhaps there i» some treaeure hidden there ; " for the remembeied aft a 
child the fearful daya of the fievolntion, when no property was Mle bm 
the men of liberty and e<|nality. Perhaps some rich man bad conoealed bk 
treasure there from rapacity, who had himself fallen a Tietioi to the Beroln- 
tion before he had time to remove it; and perhaps one of the saints to 
whom she daily prayed had preserved it there tor her, to sweeten tiie 
evening of her davs. She tapped with her finger, and the boards retomfld 
a hollow sound. With beatii^^ heart tke tried to rmnove the square door, 
and soon succeeded, without much difficulty ; but, alas ! instead of the gold 
and ftUver she hoped to see, she beheld.^ damp, dirty, mouldy old bookt 
In her disappointment she was ready to fix in the boards again, and letfe 
the book to moulder and crumble away ; but a secret impulse induced her 
to take it out, and see if there were any banknotes or valuable papers in 
it ; but no, it was nothing but a book, a mouldy book ! 

When she had a little recovered from her vexation, she began to wonder 
what book it could be that some one had hidden away so carefully. It miui 
surely be something extraordinary. So she wiped it clean, and set honelf 
to read. Her eyes fell upon the words : " Therefore I say unto you, Take 
no thought for your life, what ye iihall eat, or what ye shall drink ; nor yet 
for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meatf.aoa 
the body than raiment ? Behold the fowls of the air ; fer they sow not, 
neither do they reap, nor gather into bams ; yet your Heavenly Father 
f eedeth them. Are ye not much better than they ? " And the words thst 
she read appeared to her so sweet and precious that she read on and on, dario|f 
the whole day, and far into the night, almost forgetting to sleep. Theiu^xt 
morning she sat down again to the damp old bool^ the words of which made 
an ever-deepening impression on her soul. She began to see that she hsa 
indeed found a treasure — an invaluable one. Her Uttle chamber no longer 
looked so desolate. Her food, which had so often seemed to her as the breas 
of tears, now appeared to be more like bread from heaven ; and her solitude 
was relieved by the presence of the great King, from whose book of gradoas 
words streams of blessedness flowed. 

She bad the book cleaned and bound, and it was to her as meat an^ 
drink, by day and by night, until she was permitted to close her eyes an* 
enter into the joys of her Lord. She related this history, in the 1***®^^J[JJ 
of her pilgrimage, to a beloved pastor in Lyons, in whose hands the bleMed 
book is now. It is Amelotte's edition of the New Testament, of the tim^ 
of the Huguenot persecution. 0. J. 

€tthsmiml Register. 

CARDIFF.— Free Chukch op England. 

We have received a very pleasant and cheering account of the work and 
progress of this Church since its opening, more than two years ago. 
'* That," says our correspondent, " was a happy day ; and I believe ibat 
very many of the Protestant Church people of the parish of St. Mary's hare 
blessed the day that gave us a Church free from Bitualism, Romanism, ana 
Sacerdotalism. We all heartily thauk God that He has given us so snog,* 
house to worship Him in, and although our Ritualistic neighbours call i| 
a * 0<yw Shedy' we are proud of our pretty little Church, and cannot bub feel 
very sorry that they are so wanting in artistic taste and * architectural 
knowledge of beauty.' We rejoice to tell you, my dear Sir, that we hare 
a tborongh Gospel preacher, and a\Ae "BVVAe \^w&i«t 'm wa minister {v» 


BY. 6. Mackay) ; he has been amongst us about fifteen months, and hia 
>rks do follow him. We rejoice in a well-attended Sunday-school, under 
e excellent superintendence of Mr. Fotbergill, which numbers, on th» 
'erage, two hundred. We are proud of our choir, which equals any other 

the town, under the management of our respected Choirmaster, 
T. Pullen. Although the present state of our town and trade tells upon 
ir resources, yet we are very thankful to say our position is improved over 
e last year, and we live in good hope of reducing the outstanding debt 
>on our Church as ' time ' and opportunity is given to us, God adding 
is blessing. 'Time' has done much for us, and we trust will (wii£ 
ciited effort) do much more to raise our standard in this large town, which 

overrun, as well as overruled, by all the invented ' isms ' of the day. 
et us hold fast our faith without wavering, and rejoice that we can boast 
ae ' ism ' onlyf which is the one handed down to us, and purchased for 
B, with the blood and lives of our forefathers — * Protestantism.'" 

ILFEACOMBE. — Christ Church Free Church op England. 

The alterations and improvements in the interior of this Church have 
(■commenced. The new pews on the north side are in hand, and the 
mels of the east-end wall are being filled in with the Commandments, the 
3lief, and the Lord's Prayer. It is hoped the whole of the nave will be 
lished by March. The young ladies are actively at work preparing] a 
X. of clothing to send to Mr. Williamr for the African children. A kind 
ly has generously given the material which their busy fingers are making 
O a variety of garments. 

LUDLOW. — Free Church op England. 

JL Special Service was held in this church on December 5, when the Kev* 
7ype preached an able sermon. A collection was made in aid of the 

:&rch funds. 
The Rev. J. Renny is now forming, in connexion with the Protestant 

ncational Institute, London, a class in Ludlow ''for the study of the 

atory and Principles of Protestantism v. Popery." 

PUTNEY.— Free Church op England. 

IBishop Sugden held a Confirmation in this Church on December 6th. 
Sunday, December 16th, the usual Quarterly Collections for Church 
>«n8es were made, the result being 12/. 7s. lid. 

SOUTHAMPTON.— St. John's Free Church op England. 

A meeting of the members of the Mutual Improvement Association in 
i-nexion with this church was held on Friday evening, Nov. 30th^ 
~« W. J. Bannister in the chair. Mr. E. J. Kuffell opened with a 
>er, "Ought Denominational Schools to receive State Aid?" He 
^ntained that manuals circulated by the clergy of the Church of England 
Xild naturally be foisted upon the children of the " day schools ;'^ 
csessarily contaminating the children, and encouraging an imitation of 
X>ery, which is repugnant to the majority of Englishmen, who support 
'Se schools. The discussion was continued by Mr. E. Page, in very able 

NEW MALDEN.— Trinity Free Church op England. 

The Rev. Professor Bradshaw, in ansvirer to an affectionate and 
stnimous invitation from the congregation, has accepted the pastorate of 
inity Church. We heartily wish him God-speed, and truat that he may 
joy a long career of usefulness in New Maiden. At a recent meeting^ 
e purchase of the freehold site upon which the temporary Church stands, 
is agreed to ; and a resolution was passed appointing a Committee, with 
»wers, on gathering in certain sums that had been promised, to proceed to 
)tain plans for the first portion of the permanent church. 


NEW SHOBSHAM.— Fru Ghuboh ov S^lastd. 

A speoial serrioe of ezhoftaiioii and Mored mong was held in 
on Mcmdaj evening) December 10th. Instead of ^^conneotiye readingSi'* 
wbioh has been nsual in snob serrioes, the inkervak were ntilywdbf short 
addresses on the following subjects :—*' Bringing yotmg cbildvMi to ths 
means of gntce/' and ^The benefits of SondaynMhools/* ^Mr/Storvold; 
**The yonSi commeneing daily labour,'' by the Ber. Mr. Minedaw; ^'Ihi 
yoftng man of age/' aim *^The youn|f girl in serrioe,*' by tiie Ber. 0. 
Knowlesy the Pastor; ''Man in affliction/' and ^'Maa in prospeiity," ^ 
Mr. W. F. Streader; <*The aged Ohristian in meditation," and '< The 
Christian anticipating heaven," by the Bey. J. Bailey. lach of thm 
jkddresses occupied five minutes. All the addressee weie of the most foidikli 
and stirring kind, and were attentrrdy listened to by « nameBoos oentngih 
tion. A suitable selection of hymns taken from the Pioisstant tFree Ohun 
Hymn Book, to which grand old tunes were used, was snnff daring fb 
evening, the choir being kindly assisted by v<uces from the otiber jplaoM of 
worship in Shoreham, and in which iJl present heartily joined. A ooUeotion 
was made on behalf of the organ fund. 

WEST DBATTON.— Fkbb Chubch of Bnolahtp. 

The Quarterly Tea Meeting, which was numerously sttended, was Idd 
at Padcrof t Booms, on Monday, December 10. After tea there was a pnldie 
meeting, presided over by ike Bev. H. O. Meyers, of Putney. A hyaoi 
having been sung, and prayer offered by Mr. W. Baker (who has raoen^f 
been licensed as an Evangelist by Bishop Sugden), the Bk9V. G. H. Jona, 
the Pastor, gave a brief outline of the histonr of the cause in this place, of 
which he has been the chief instrument imder Qod of raising. The B«t. 
H. Meyers then proceeded to explain, in a few pithy sentences, thi 
principles of the Free Church of England, pointing out the main object in 
which it was established — viz., to afford a legitimate refuge to conscisBoe- 
stricken churchmen shocked with the idolatry and profanity of Bonuoiia 
and error in the National Church, and showing also the liberal view it 
entertains respecting other bodies of Evangelic^ Christians. Most iffl' 
raessive and telling addresses were afterwards given by Messrs. Johnston, 
Newstead, B. and P. Bastin, and W. Baker. A vote of i^anks to tiM 
Chairman, and to those who had kindly taken part in the proceedings} 
brought to a close a very successful and profitable meeting. The purchaM 
of an iron church is in contemplation, in aid of which a Bazaar will ^ 
held in the Spring. Articles will be most thankfully received by Mnu- JoBfi^, 
of Emmanuel CoUege, West Drayton. 

WILSDEN, NSAB BINGLEY.— St. James's Free Chuboh. 

On Sunday, Dec. 9, 1877, two sermons were preached in the abo? e pliCJ 
by the Bev. J. Trotter, of St. Paul's, Wheelton. There was a very igcod 
congregation present at each service ; collections were made in aid of ih* 
Church fund. On Monday evening, Dec. 10, the Bev. J. Trotter gave* 
lecture, subject, ''My last visit to the white man's gcave." Mr. CatUHit 
occupied the chair. The proceedings were enlivened with music. A coUeolion 
was made at the dose of the lecture for the aid of the Mission Work in 
Sierra Leone. 

WOBOBSTER.— Countess op Huntingdon's Chueoh. 
On Sunday, November 25th, the 106th anniversary of the above Ohuwh 
took place, when two appropriate sermons were preached, in the morning by 
the Bev. Thomas Dodd, Minister of the church, and in the evening ^ 
the Bev. S. March. The congregations were large on both occasions, so^ 
at the close collections were made on behalf of .the church fondm amoQ^^ 
ing to ahont 201. 




BALANCE SEEMT^,.M% I, IST^ te Deeemhmt^ SI, 1877. 
BtribtftiMMfi a$f per^pasfticalasB iujiertedrixbdraf oetne wbeB^xeoeived. :— 


9 mlwML.,,...,., .«...£2i T Or 

CdlL (R0FrT.A..Pet^)i 4 7 e; , 

tr.ciatfcii 1 ir S 

cw: Berimes)... src a 

(BE. DkTby) Sills' 10^ 

(J;B. Fffegis) ... 54 1 2f 

(WlAdMBe) W 9^ 9 

1; 8' 


(J. Mackie) 9 6/ «v 

oham (H. M. Lennox) .. 8 10- (X 
mt Coll. (Dr. Bamolds) 5 10 

7 3 1 fi 

^ I 7 'i 

Wnstflad (K Lbng) 0^14 

(E. Jacob) 6 6 

rid; „ 4 1 a 


(J. Wonnac<yWj)i. IS 

r (ff.Dunk) e^l% 6 

wold 119^ 

ird (J. Wiger) ...... 17- 

jfowl... 17 

tmbe (BUop Prioe)r ... 6 11 8 

rminster (A. Flower) ... 15 6 

rieigh (J. Htcfcley)».„. 1 10^ 

Dgten (W. H. SibUrson) 10 14 8 

later (W. Slater) 4 7 9. 

ry (O. J. H. Lkwellyn)' 3 la 6 

wol (J. Worrell) 2 12 6 

w (J. RexmT) 13 1 

m (A.S.Richards«i) 20 10 5 

m Link»(G. Type) 3 17 7 

te (D. Lloyd) 20 1 6 

eton (J.Miley) 6 6 6 

Lcli (J. J.J. Kempster> 5 

(L. J. Wake) ... 5 

dtwistle(J. Bland) 23 17 6 

y (H.Q. Meyer).. 1 15 

lale (R: Lovett) 69 8 

bam (C. Knowles) ... 5 8 5 

ampton<@. J. Bdon) ... 1 

^Wa (T. E. Thore»by) 93 17 11 

(W. List, Esq.). 100 

il (Organ for Sierra Leone) 9 7 

»ea (J. Howells) 6-10 

QgtoB ( Bishop Sii^8n)L 16 13 

igton (J. Bninskill) ... 14 10 

ridge Wells (G. Jones)... Ill 19 6 

sley (J. S. S. Eastmead) 3 18 1 

stone (W. TronghtOB). 3 14 

H»n (J. Trotter) 26 9 5 

ibonmgli (Dr. Newman). 9 15 6 

Jtter (TJios. Dodd) ... 56 5 8 

Bribft (H. Webb Smitk) 18 14 4 

Bj^Paymenta t>n aceott&t of: 

Sttfrra Leone,, iiii^a^g' 

StihtxrL and^ Hissfon^ Ezv. 

mtneB'i PsssaM-libttey 'and' 

Visit of^R^. l^vW«9SaiQa, 

afiio' eost ot> BMi pr«vide4; 

b^ Friendt at Bbcli^B.v. £fi98 5 7 

AmencMV OmD'. 21 0. 

Books for Training School, 

Library, &c 27 17 11 

European Superintendent (six 

quarters) 60 

D^poUlioft^aadtrrttfTslling Ex- 

pensisi^ .,..6a 10 7 

DittCM'-'S«ierstarp^. 26 

Printing ., 22 8 

Mkjjfmeifwt^iiati Subsoribera^ ia*^ - 

cludi^-gcant toivaMb •eoaik; . 26. 3 9 
Anxiliimry EzpeD80s^^-«m«unt« 

of Contributions being 

credked in fall 12 6 9 

J^ssioiiMy^ Boxes- 2 4 2 

Postag«s> and incidental Ex* 

peases^ pwHoa. Sec and 

Treasurer 11 16^ 1 

£923 15 2 
Examined with Youchars, 

863 11 10 
Expenses at ConfereBce......... 6 

Homa- Grants — Shoreham (six 

quarters) 30 

Yillage. Stations, Insurance, 

Solicitor's Charger (la Re 

Leamington, &e;) 18'< 6 

Balance in. hajid 6 17 4 

£923 16 2 
F. W. WlLLOocKSi Treasurer. 
F. Sims. 


^u/u?nf, i£v:., to be sent to the Treasurer, Mr. FeedEiIliok ^u, ^^YL^jQttcsfa, 
Myddelton Viilas, Lloyd Square, W.C. 


S^uttn }ftom Possums* 

Thb ReT. S . Williami advisei that tHe Boat^ kindly prorided bj friendi at 
8t Stephen's, Bochdale, it to hand, and we hope it will soon be ueMy 
employed. In ounsequenoe of Mt. Williams' visit having caused serenlof 
the regular collections to be postponed, it was deemed desirable, indeed 
necessaiT, to defer the usual annual statement of account The accounts now 
rendered, see page 19, include the contributions received during a year soda 
half — viz., from Midsummer, 1876, until Christmas, 1B77* A Beport and 
Statement of the Mission work ii in course of preparation, and wm be for- 
warded for distribution in the Churches and Scoools upon intimation bdog 
given as to the number required. F. W. Willoocks, Treasurer, 

*" The MontUr Meeting of tfaeJCoimdl of the Free Church of England will beheld 
<D.v.) at 8, Weftmintter Chambers, yictoria Street, Westminster, on Toeidiy, 
January 8th, 1878, at 8 o'clock. 

The Ber. T. E. Thoreslnr has g^ven notice that at this meeting ** he will introdooe 
for the olUmate dedtion of the Quarterly Meeting in Febmaiy, a Besdation hringiog 
np for consideration the varions mattors now causing anzietj in the bodj." 

F. S. lisBBTWiATHBB, Wm. Seeretar$» 


In fiiture, all lettert, applications, and inquiries relative to the general work rf 
the Free Church of England, should be addressed to Mr. F. S. Mibbtwiathib, Eul 
See., Free Church of England Committee Booms, 8, Westminiter Chamberi, Yietoii' 
street, S.W. 


Subscriptions and donations, which are urg^tij needed to extend the Earn 
Protestant Mission Work of the Free Church of England, mi^ be sent bj ^m 
Post-office order, or stamps, addressed to the Treasurer, T. L. welboit, Esq., 8, mtt* 
minster Chambers. Victoria-street, S.W. 


Applications or inquiries relative to the opening of Free Church of Englaod 
Services, in parishes bc^t with Ritualism and Sacerdotalism, may be addressed to tht 
President or Secretary of the District to which that application relates. 

All letters, MSS., Books for Review, Notices of Meetings and Reports, shonld be 
sent direct to the Editor, New Maiden, Surrey. 

Advertisements to J. D. Afflbton, 7, St. John's-terrace, St. John's-street-road, 
London, E.C. Scale of Prices as follows : One Page, £1 Is.; Half Page, 128. 6d.; 
Quarter Page, 7s. 6d. Bills stitched, £1. Short Advertisements, 6d. per line. 

Our friends are reminded that all orders for Magazines and Free Churcb of 
England Publications must be prepaid. We mention this to save trouble to ounelTOi 
and disappointment to our subscribers. 

We ask Superintendents and Teachers in our Sunday-schools, to assist us in oar 
efforts to increase the circulation of the Magazine, by making it known in the school 
and in the home circle. 


Mr. AsHToif will find some cnriotis facts bearing upon the question of Ordination in an article in 
the October number of the Quarterly Review. It is there shown that the text, John xx. SSrii, 
has never been used at all in the Ordination form of the Eastern Church, that it was nevff 
used in the Western Church until the latter end of tbe 18th century, and that the Ant^tetn 
Communion seems to be the only one in Christendom which uses these words in the aotw 
conveying of orders to her presbyters. 

BscnvED.— Mr. A. H. Calvert, Rev. J. B. Fi^s, M.A., Mr. Bannister, Rev. H. 0. Uejvn, 
B shop Price, Rev. O. H. Jones, Mr. F. W. Willcocks, Rev. P. X. Bldridge, W. S., MIis /. f-» 
Rev. T. Dodd, Rev. C. Knowles; Southampton Obitrvr, Worcuttr Chronicle, Thi Afpu** 
Jfonfreal DaUy Star. 


FEBRUARY, 1878. 

Dr. Pusey has just published his long-looked-for book on Confession, 
iniewiiat restrained, perhaps, by the indignant protests of English 
otestants in respect to the "Priest in Absolution," Dr. Pusey has 
opted more guarded language than probably he would otherwise have 
ed ; yet, this pernicious book is full of the most detestable counsel. It 
actions the system of Auricular Confession in all its objectionable 
ases; and it will, we fear, give fresh encouragement to the Sacer- 
talists, to persevere in their efforts to introduce the Confessional, as a 
;al institution of the Church of England. This ought to arouse all 
le Protestants to greater watchfulness, and to more energetic efforts to 
tablish purely Protestant services, in every parish where there is danger 
false teaching in the State Church. 


The Church of England, as represented by the High Church party, holds^ 
at the Church of Christ exists only in one form or order of Church 
•vernment, a threefold ministry of Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, based on 
e divine right of Bishops, who are the successors of the Apostles, and to their 
postolic office, and derive their authority from them by succession in an 
ibroken chain. On this theory, only such bodies of Christians as possess 
is order and succession — corrupt though they may be in doctrine and in 
Tng — are parts of Christ's Church. 

The Free Church of England protests against this theory as unscriptural,. 
id opposed to Christian charity, in -that it denies the claims of all Pror 
stant Evangelical Churches. The Free Church of England holds that the 
ue Church consists of all who are joined to Christ hj a living faith, and 
10, although attached to different forms of organization, are yet one vst 
istis Christ. 

The claim to Apostolic succession of spiritual power, the Free Church of 
ijj;land repudiates, as opposed to God's Word, and aa a c\xiL\im%\^ A^V^&<^^ 
ble to further the doaigna of the Sacerdotalists. 



In the Chnrch of England, the Presbyter is called a ^'priest," and the 
Ordinal contains this formula : ''Receive the Holy Ghost for the office and 
work of a priest in the Chuich of God, now committed nnto thee by 
the imposition of our hands." 

The Free Church of England adjures the dogma contained in this. 
formula, as blasphemous and unscriptural ; strikes the word '' Priest,' a&. 
applied to the minister, from its Ordinal and Prayer Book ; and acknowledges, 
but one Priest — Christ Jesus the Lord. 


The Church of England teaches in the present day, through a larg^ 
mnjority of Iter ministers, that the grace of Regeneration is inseparably^ 
connected with Baptism. 

Tlie Free Church of England knows of but one Regeneration, that of tli^ 
Holy Spirit, of which Baptism is the acknowledgment, and profession. 

The Church of England teaches that at the Lord's Supper, by virtae of 
the priestly consecration, the simple elements of bread and wine are 
chan^ed into the very body and blood of Christ, and that the redpient 
feeds upon the body of Christ thus miraculously present and produced by the 
spiritual power of the priest. The Free Church of England denies Hhia 
dangerous and Popish doctrine, and holds that the Lord's Supper is a 
memorial of our Redemption by Christ's death, and that through faith we 
derive grace from Him, in the Supper, as we do in all other divinely* 
appointed ordinances. 


The Church of England widely adopts and allows the most dangerQOi 
dogmas of Popery to be taught and inculcated by symbolic RitualSmin 
the dress of its clergy, and in the ornamentation of its churches. 

The Free Church of England, whilst not opposed to Christian art 
or pure ritual, refuses to allow any decorations, ornaments, vestments, 
postures, or ceremonies calculated to teach, either directly or symbolicallf, 
that the Christian ministry possesses a Sacerdotal character, or that the 
Lord's Supper is a Sacrifice. 


The Church of Enj^land suffers altars to be erected in her churches. 
The Free Church of England declares that no Communion Table diall be 
constructed even in the form of an altar. 


The Church of England, by the teaching of many of her Bishops aD^ 
clergy, encourage Auricular Confession, Prayers for the Dead, and other 
imitations and corruptitins of Rome. The Free Church of England i^ 
emphatically Protestant, and prohibits the introduction into her 
worship, of anything calculated to teach the doctrines, or to encourage tb©^ 
e il practices, of Rome. 

Parcels of the Maj^jazine, of not less than fifty copies, are supplier 
to the Churches, direct from the Printers, on the day of publication, st 
Id. per copy. 

This is by a Special Resolution of the Council, and to prevent dis- 
appointment it is necessary that all orders should be prepaid^ and be io 
the hands of the Secretary by the 15th of the month. 

All buck numbers for the present year will be charged Twopence f^^ 


§lk|^arir ||gn»0n; ^mksdhx nf St. HauFs: 

By The Editor. 

Chapter II.-^ousin Amy, and the Cottage at St. Pancras. 

JLeavino the shop, Thomas Pynson turned down by the Prebend's Alms- 
Jises, then so luxuriantly covered with ivy as to cause the place to be 
:>wn as *'Ivy"Laney and, crossing Smithfield, he was soon amidst the 
r gardens and fruitful orchards of Clerkenwell — ^a fashionable and pleasant 
>iirb, studded with the goodly mansions of noblemen and merchant 
nces. My Lady Mary, the King's sister, had a place there ; and Thomas, 
l:xe leaped the stiles and crossed the meads, could not but recall how, on 
3 happy Spring morning, he had seen the Princess go to her house at 

John's, grandly escorted by fifty knights and gentlemen riding before 
r, richly dressed in velvet and wearing huge chains of gold, and fourscore 
Extlemen and ladies on beautiful prancing horses and palfreys after her, 
jrposely making open parade of their faith, and profession of the Mass, 
' wearing and counting their beads as they rode along. 

Ah ! well he remembered it, and now the thought troubled him, as again 
i heard the bells tolling for England's Protestant King. 

It was a bright, sunny afternoon, at that bright season of the year when 
le later-blooming vernal flowers commingle their charms with those of 
leir summer sisters of more gorgeous hues. The country, therefore, looked 
Lorious with its green hedgerows, and meadows bestudded with buttercups 
nd ox-daisies. Birds were singing blithely in the coppice by Clerkenwell, 
nd the fish splashed and sprayed the surface of the clear ponds lying in 
te valley we now call Bagnigge Wells ! But Thomas had no eye for these 
hings to-day. His mind was troubled, although, forsooth, he was on his 
^&y to St. Pan eras to see his fair cousin. Amy Tavernor. 

And a pretty neat cottage it was, with a great thickly -thatched roof, out 
'f all proportion to the low, whitewashed walls that were almost hidden by 
ich clusters of roses and clematis ; with diminutive windows, the quaint 
eaden casements of which were filled with small, greenish, lozenge- shaped 
[lass, and with an ample porch entwined with honeysuckle, and having a 
ettle on each side, forming cool resting-places from the summer glare. 

And as for the garden, it was a perfect nosegay. Roses and stocks, 
olks-gloves and marygolds, white and golden lilies, and sweet-smelling 
lerba scented the air and bloomed together into a glorious medley of colour, 
)lea8iDg to look upon, and irresistible to the bees that hummed their joyous 
^unmer song of industry, and to the butterflies which madly flitted about 
Q whirls of giddy delight. 

Inside this rustic home, the furniture was plain and simple, but scrupu- 
oualy clean. The floor was strewn, as the custom was, with silver sand, and 
•*Je table " dormant " in the centre, made only of " carpentrie," bad been 
*nibbed with oaten meal until it glistened like ivory ; so, indeed, did the 
^toola, whilst the great chair in the comer, between the window and the fire-- 
**c«, was cushioned with embroidery of Amy's own work. On the upper 
'^If of an old carved cabinet, standing on high legs, were displayed the 

24 BioHABD ptnson; boqksslleb of nc Paul's. 

proudest treasures of this cottage home : a great dish of chinaware, a few 
''poesie roundels," and some bright garnish of London pewter. On the 
chimney hearth were bough-pots of gilli-flowers and roses, and on the wall 
above was hung a framed portrait of Unde TaTcmor, who for yean had 
peacefully slept beneath the yew trees in the churchyard dose by, but who, 
every, day, was thought of still by Aunt Tavemor ; ah ! and thought of too 
with as much loVing tenderness as ever ! 

Than Widow Tavernor there was not a kinder-hearted dame within 
the sound of St. Paul's bells. Her husband had died after a few brief, 
happy years of wedded life, leaving her what small property he had, 
to provide for herself and their only child, a little bright-eyed girl o 
five. The young widow seemed to the world lightly to bear her 
sorrow, and because it was her nature ever to be cheerful and to 
make the best of things, few understood the depth and endurance of hdr 
love. (Gossips said, with a freedom that gossips ever use, that. she woqld 
never wear out her weeds, but, before the year was gone, would change them i 
for wedding gear. But the gossips were mistaken. Widow Tavemor never 
missed a day but she paid a visit to St. Pancras Churchyard, to drop a teai^ 
or strew flowers upon her husband's grave ; and when she took the cottag^ 
dose to the church, that she might ever see the grassy mound that corei 
him ; and when, year passed year, and she was Widow Tavemor stiU, ho 
neighbours began to understand her better, and none ever again made 
prophesies about the future, or hinted that she would ever change herniuiiiBW 

And as her little bright-eyed daughter grew into girlhood, she bo^V 
came the joy of the widow's life and home. The child had but few oobl.;^ 
panions, but she seemed contented, and ever happy that her little worl^* 
should he in her mother's love — her cottage home — ^the garden, her domesti — 
pets ; and for a change, a visit to Uncle Pynson and a romp with Cousin To: 

And although Tom was much the elder, the coasins had grown up wii 
much affection for each other. If Amy was in any little trouble or perplexity' 
she told it all to Tom, sought his counsel, and implicitly followed his adTic^- 
In this way they might have gone on loving and trusting each other with th0 
most innocent of cousinly affection, had not a temporary break in this 
pleasant intercourse opened the eyes of one, at least, to the knowledge of a 
deeper and more tender feeling. \ 

About a year before the time to which the opening of our tale 
alludes, Master Pynson had sent his son to Antwerp to buy books and 
paper, and to perfect his knowledge of bookbinding, and other arts 
connected with his trade. But, although Thomas was of an active, 
intelligent mind, and had much to see and a vast deal to learn, and 
was lodged in the pleasant home of Karl von Burgo, whose son played 
the flute, and whose daughters sang like linnets ; nevertheless, the 
months seemed like years, and his thoughts were ever over the seas, and off 
to the little cottage at St. Pancras. How he longed for the letter from 
home, and how disappointed he was when at last it came, to find it so full 
of business and not a word about Cousin Amy I But, made wise by these 
yearnings and whisperings of bis own heart, he knew that he — ^was in love. 

Thomas returned from Antwerp only the day before King Edward died* 
Happily, he f ound^his parents well,and;with hearts full of warm and eager love 


o greet him. In spite of the sad rumours about the King, they had a pleasant 
lay of chat together, for he had much to tell of the "foreign land," of the 
)eril8 of the deep, and of his own personal adventures, and then he had to 
isten to his father's account of all that had taken place in his absence, and 
low the Reformation had progressed. But for all that, it was not long 
>efore Thomas led the conversation to Aunt Tavemor, and how strangely 
le felt his very heart leap again, as his mother told him how the other day, 
Imy was almost wild with delight at the thought of Cousin Tom's return. 

And so it was, that as he lifted the latch of Aunt Tavernor's garden gate, 
le felt such a perturbation, that he wondered what it meant ; nor was this 
Reeling lessened when Amy, with an exclamation of joy, jumping from the 
seat in the porch, ran eagerly towards him, and holding out her hands, lifted 
ap her face, beaming with cousinly affection, for a kiss. Flushed with 
excitement, how pretty she looked ! But what a change a year had made ! 
Why, she had grown into a woman ! 

She was a tall girl, with a certain gracefulness of manner beyond her 
bation. Her dark, hazel eyes, in which were no lurking places for deceit, 
c:pressed the most ingenuous truthfulness, and habitually beamed with 
Lndliness and good humour ; yet, when aroused by any sense of wrong, they 
ould flash with an energy that testified to the depth and fervour of her 
»iiit. Her clear, open brow ; her soft red lips, dimpled with smiles ; and 
C3 rich brown tresses that flowed in luxuriance over her snow-white 
oulders, made her beautiful to look upon ; while the goodness and gentle- 
^ss of her nature made her presence like sunshine. 

Delectable, therefore, beyond description, was the thrill of delight which 
- Y cousin experienced, when she held up her sweet face for his kiss as 
^e had been wont to do in childhood ; but the kiss told its tale, and as 
^omas withdrew, her cheeks were mantled with a blush. 

** Dear cousin,'' she said, somewhat primly, " how glad I am to see you 
tome again. We have missed you so, and mother will be so pleased." 

** Thanks, sweet cousin, for thine hearty welcome," replied Thomas. "But 
i^ow marvellously thou hast changed ! " 


" Ah ! changed indeed. Why thou art grown to be quite a woman ! " 

A very happy afternoon did Thomas spend at Aunt Tavemor's. There 
was so much to talk about, and so many adventures to relate ; and Amy was 
80 patient and interested in all that Thomas said, that it was quite delight- 
ful ; and although Mistress Tavemor was full of nervous fears about the 
footpads and " masterless men " that had of late so infested the flelds after 
dark, it was not diiflcult to see that, when parting-time came, it came too soon, 
not only for Thomas Pynson, but for Cousin Amy, too. Else, why that 
lingering in the porch 2 

Chapter IH. — New Year's Day, a.d. 1655. 
It was New Year's Day ! 1554 was dead and gone. Would that all its 
defilements, and sins, and national unfaithfulness, had been impotent and 
buried for ever. Alas ! its dark deeds haunted this bright New Year's Day 
with a legion of ugly fears, and with dark, weird-like foreshado wings of 
deadly persecution. 


What a year it had been ! What black staiiui it had left on the page of 
England's history ! 

It was bravely ushered in with the roar of gnns^ to welcome the Bpsoiiii 
Ambassadors, who oame speaking fair wofds and soft, honied promises of 
charity and reconciliation ; yet, bringing, nevertheless, the hellish instromenti 
of the Inquisition stowed away among their baggage. But Spanish flatierin 
and Popish lies, mingled no more kindly with the old blunt honesfy of tiie 
English, than oil mixes with water ; and, before the month was spent, the 
people, loving their conn try well, but mad with righteous fear at the 
Spanish marriage, rose, with Wyatt at their head, to stay the coming doom, 
liiey failed, and then oame the fearful revenge of Mary Tudor. Poor Ladj 
Jane Gray — the sweet pupil of Oranmer and Ridley — died with unfalteria; 
piety, and in the Protestant faith. A few days more, and every city gtb 
was decorated with the ghastly trophies of tiie Queen's victory over tha 
rebels. Crows and ravens, then the chief scavengers of the city, came 
cawing and croaking over their horrid feast on the bodies of poor 
Kentish clowns, hanging from gallows' chiuns at Aldgate and Bishopigste, 
at Aldersgate and at Newgate, at Ladgate and on Tower SUIL With the stoims 
of March, came the fiercer blasts of priestly hatred ; and Cranmer, and Bidkj, 
and Latimer, amidst the trembling of ill Protestant hearts, were hoiried 
down to Oxford to be mocked by their foes. Now, came more hanging and 
qaartering, and beheading of great men, who loved their country but hated 
Rome. Then, amidst much sorrow and foreboding among the people, landed 
Philip of Spain, at Southampton, and the Queen, with unmaidenly haste, 
posted down to Winchester, and was married to the blackest bigot that ever 
wrought the devilish cruelties of Papal Rome. 

Then, with Jesuitry and craft, and with a serpentine guile of which 
Englishinen knew nothing ; at Court, in Parliament, in private life, and in 
every civil office ; commenced the deep laid plot of turning England from 
the faith of Protestantism to the blasphemy of Rome. Old laws, created in 
religious hate and bitterness, were revived and re-enacted, and new laws, 
more bitter still, were framed and passed in quick succession, to rivet the 
English nation in the chains of Popish bondage. 

Afterwards, with the November fogs, came the exiled English Oardinal, 
Reginald Pole, as legate from the Pope, who, having brought a cringing 
Parliament to his feet, gave them blasphemous absolution : and as a fit cloae 
to this dark year, and as a grim parody on this act of Popish grace, came 
the revival of the Acts of Parliament for the burning of English Protestants. 
No wonder, then, that this New Year's Day of 1555, should lack the 
cheery sound of bells, and the pleasant greetings, and smiles, and jolUties o 
old English custom. Clouds of doubt and fear were hanging in daric 
threatening heaviness over the hearts of men, who breathed as men 
waiting for the outburst of a storm. 

Unusually heavy-hearted that day, was Richard Pynson, the bookseller. 
In the past year he had been tried in many ways. He had suffered mnoh 
in his business, for Protestant books were going out of fashion, and even 
those who coveted them were afraid to buy, lest suspicion should he 
aroused. He could not but mourn for the good and holy men who were 
now in prison, and who had often been his customers : for Bishop Hoopflij 


>w in the Fleet, and Cranmer and Latimer who were close prisoner!^ at 
Kford, had frequented the '' Open Bible,'' and many a time, helped to 
'engthen the bookseller's faith, by words of wisdom and piety. When 
srefore, he thought of the cruelty abroad — of the arrogant hatred o f the 
.eats, of the spirit of terror and cowardice growing up among the people, 
i, most bitter thought of all, of the unfaithfulness and apostacy of some 
bis once Protestant neighbours, no wonder that he felt sad and downcast. 

But custom is strong, and Richard Pynson kept New Year's day as had 
»n his wont, by inviting Aunt Tavernor and Amy to join his family circle. 
vraa a bright, crisp morning, and when Amy came in fresh from her walk 
~oss the fields, she looked a very Hebe of beauty and health. Thoma^t 
sed at her with proud admiration, and well he might, for she was indeed 
Loble girl. 

Amy was certainly the brightest of the party: her laughter had a 
ui;y ring in it, and the sadness which seemed to oppress them all, sat 
btly upon her. She had known but little sorrow, and with her perfect health 
1 spirits, there was no proneness to dwell upon the darker shades of life. 

''Uncle," she cried, shaking her beautiful tresses with her merry laugh, 
he ducking ponds at Clerkenwell are frozen over, and, oh, you should 
ve seen the pastime ! " 

" Why, Amy, 1 " asked Thomas. 

" Oh I Sir," she said, turning to him with an arch look, and with a 
^tended frown, " if thou had'st shown thy courtesy by coming to meet us, 
jr gallantry would have been rewarded." 

" With what, sweet cousin — a kiss ? '' 

*' Tush !" replied Amy, with a saucy pout ; " but I tell thee, Thomas, it was 
iht goodly sport to see the Spanish grandees trying to slide with the 
K)den skates, and to see how their pride and stateliness came to a mighty 
1, amidst the jests of the bystanders. Hah ! hah ! hah ! " 

*' They didn't laugh, I'll warrant. Amy," said Thomas. 

*'Not they, Thomas; they got up, and tried to steady themselves to 
>k as stately as ever ; and when the people jested, saying that they were 
slippery places, they put their hands to their rapiers, and one was so 
pry that he drew his poinard, and was about to strike, when he fell 
^wling on the ice. Hah ! hah ! hah ! " again laughed the merry girl. 

*' Amy ! Amy ! " exclaimed Mistress Tavernor, " cease thy mirth. I fear 

it was no jest ; for, as we passed, angry words were rising into a brawl." 

*' Brawl indeed ! " said Richard Pynson, "it's ever so ; not a day passes 
w, but there's some street brawl with these Spanish upstarts.'' 

*' Out upon them," exclaimed Thomas, warmly ; ** no damsel, forsooth, 
lafe from their impertinence. Every night the Gatehouse at Westminster 
iUed with these Spaniards." 

** No wonder there should be strife," said the bookseller, ** seeing how 
ly sneer at the true faith. Why, only yesterday, one of these foreigners 
ixded me in mine own shop, calling me heretic, and telling me that my 
res would make goodly bonfires before long." 

*' An' I'd been at home," said Thomas, passionately, *'he should have 
1 the weight of my quarterstaff for his insolence." 

** Thomas ! Thomas ! " said Mistress Pynson, in a quiet, pleading voice'» 


'^ why wilt thou ever speak so imibly ? Bomember, my son, that becsase 
men revile thee, thou art not to revile again.'' 

^* Qod bless thee, good mother ! " said Thomas^ with a look of reveranoe 
and affection ; '^woold that I had thy spirit. '^ 

** Pray, my son^ that patience may be given thee ; we all aofely need it 

So, in spite of their anxieties, the day passed pleasantly eiiongh. Then 
was, indeed, much sober conversation among the elder members of the 
family, about the state of things, and Annt Tavemory who was a true 
Christian, talked sweetly about the promises of the Qo^pely and in anch a 
hopeful, trustful spirit, that the bookseller and his wife were quite oheerei 
Of course. Amy and her cousin found plenty to talk about, and no wonder if 
they forgot the present, in discussing the bright anticipations of the f atnre. 
Life, and life's problems were before them ; and, with delicious msgic, tiuy 
lilled the life with rosy scenes, and unravelled' its problems with the hopeful 
wisdom of happy love. 

But there was a custom, which the early English Protestants had fdtii- 

fully observed, and which, in spite of the disquietude snd danger of the 

times, Richard Pynson was not disposed to abandon even now. New Yearns 

Day, in good Edward's reign, was always closed with the celebration of the 

Lord s Supper. In every church the table was spread, and the faithful 

gathered around it in sweet communion. But the Mass had now been 

formally restored by the Parliament, and injunctions had been iasned 

against "heretical services.'* Still, there were some staunch Protestanti^ 

even under the shadow of St. Paul's, who, regarding the loving oonunand- 

ment of Christ as more binding than a Popish injunction, partook of the 

sacrament in secret. A year ago, and they were many ; now, after the 

clouds and menaces of the last twelve months, but few had the courage to 

persevere. A little company, however, were yet undaunted, and formed 

themselves into what might very truly have been called — a "Free Church. 

of England," faithful to the purest principles of the Reformation. Theyme^ 

in secret, but they had the sympathy of all the Protestant bishops. Richarc^ 

Pynson was an active member of this little church. Quiet, sincere, and witk=> 

true piety in his heart, be was yet cautious, for he was naturally a timid mas ^ 

and had none of the fervid zeal that gloried in martyrdom. Yet, obedient 

came as the natural issue of his love to Christ. To assemble together t 

worship God, to read His blessed Word, to commemorate His death, 

with him matters of conscience, which far outweighed any considerations o: -^ 

danger or expediency. He had often enjoyed the counsel, and had canghrr' 

some of the gentle spirit of, Cranmer ; and just before the good Archbiaho] 

had been dragged away to Oxford, Pynson had obtained an intervii 

with him in the Tower. The Archbishop had given to the bookseller a let 

"to a notable Protestant, Master Rosse, late vicar of Westham ; a man whi 

had seen strange vicissitudes, and between whom and Richard Pynson a 

•warm friendship was soon established. 

It was no surprise then, when, in the evening of this New Year^i 
JDay, Master Rosse came to sup with the bookseller and his fomily* 
He was an old and venerable man, with a grave, powerful face tha^ 
liudicated wisdom and gentleness ; a face that conunanded not only 


reverence, but also love. He was dressed after the fashion of the early 
Puritan reformers, and his long, white beard, his plain, belted robe, and 
sandalled feet, were familiar to the eyes of the Protestants of the city. 
Master Rosse was well known, and known, too, as the friend of Cranmer. 
In the home of the bookseller he was ever a welcome guest, for he was loved 
by all the family. 

As he came into the room, his first words were words of affection. 

** My dear, dear friends," he said, "I could not let the day pass without 
coming to offer new year's greetings to you all." 

*' Dear Sir," said the bookseller, '^we thank thee, and give thee a right 
hearty welcome." 

, All warmly grasped him by the hand, and wished him ^^a liappy new 
year, a year brighter and more peaceful than the last." 

'^ God grant that it may be so," replied the good man, affected almost to 
tears, '* but the signs of the times are evil, and it behoves us to be pre- 

" Doleful times, indeed," said Richard Pynson, with a sigh, " it secmeth 
to me that the Lord liath forgotten us." 

** Or chasteneth, to purify, us ? " said Master Kosse. 

" Oh ! but good Sir, 'tis fearful," said the bookseller ; ** see how the Pro- 
testants are being hunted, as wild game for priests. But yesterday, two 
young men of the congregation, were thrust into the pillory in West Cheap, 
for only speaking of the Bible as the rule of life." 

The face of Master Rosse saddened, and his gentle spirit was stirred. 

"Nevertheless, good friend,'* said he, ''I fear this is but the sad 
beginning, and perhaps after all, it is but God's harrowing of the soil, to pre- 
pare this realm of England for a glorious Gospel harvest." 

All now sat down to a frugal supper, and it was pleasant to see how 
cheerful the good old man appeared. That spirit of trustful faith that can 
leave all the cares aJld worries of life to the wise providence of God, was 
practically manifested in Master Rosse. He not only taught a life of faith, 
>ut lived it. Soon after supper, Thomas Pynson said, " Father, it is time 
o go." 

Amy and her mother left the room, but soon returned dressed for a walk. 
Homas came in with a great lantern and a good stout staff in his hand, ready 
> lead the way. Mistress Pynson was to remain at home with Will Carter, 
^© porter, to take care of her and to guard the house. When all were 
^^dy, they left in quiet order, Thomas going first with Amy a^ his side, whilst 
taster Rosse and the bookseller followed with Aunt Tavernor. They had 
ot far to go, for coming to Bow Church in Cbeapside, they turned quickly 
^tk) the churchyard, where Thomas blew out the light, and then knocked 
^utiously at the door of an old house, whose ancient architecture and large 
^tnensions, betokened it to have been one of the city mansions of the past, 
^viog knocked a second time, Thomas put his ear to the door and listened. 
*^-and-by, cautious steps were heard in the passage, and a voice inquired, 
' Who's there 1 " 

Thomas gave the watchword, " He that cometh to Jems by night j" and the 
loor was immediately opened. 


^oUkxtQB font 0ttr |(0te-§00h* 

The January number of the Magazine is already nearly out of print. 

Rev. G. H. Jones, of West Drayton, preached at Emmanuel Chareb, 
Putney, on January 13th. 

Bishop Suodbn has licensed Mr. W, Baker, of West Drayton, as lay 
Helper or Evangelist of the Free Church of England. 

At the Willesboroueh Free Church of England Sunday School, Green's 
*^ Systematic Bible Teaching " has been successfully introduced. 

The Council of the Free Church of England met at Westminster on 
Tuesday, January 8th. T. L. Wilson, Esq. , occupied the chair. 

The new Church, says the Rock, St. Saviour's Free Church of England, 
Littlehampton, is expected to be ready for consecration in a iew weeks. 

The Bev. J. Trotter is announced to preach two sermons in Emmanoel 
Church, Pntney, on Sunday, February 10th, on behalf of the Africaa 

A CORRESPONDENT suggcsts the Opening of Free Church of England 
Services at Hatcham. If a local committee be formed, we shall be happy to 
give every assistance. 

^hjetc^jes fr0m ^ife. 

No. II. — Sblf-Biqhteousness. 

The celebrated Mr. Hervey once observed to a parishioner, ^' I suppose 
you find your sinful self to be your great plague ?'' "No, Sir," he replied, 
*^ my righteous self is my trouble.'' This pernicious principle is so inter- 
woven with our nature as almost to elude detection. Its workings are so 
subtle, worming itself into our very thoughts and aspirations — minglins 
with our prayers and praises — that experienced believers are often deceived 
by it ; no wonder, therefore, if young Christians are misled by it, and 
mistake zeal, and earnestness, and energy for true piety. Saul of Tarsus 
made this mistake ; and even tnie Christians rarely suspect to what an 
extent they are influenced by it. St. Paul himself tells us that he possessed 
no better foundation for his former religious life than self-righteousness^ 
although oblivious of the fact, until God revealed his sin in him. 

E. B., also, a young woman of amiable disposition, and prepossessing 
appearance and manners, had reared a similar structure, and was rejoicing 
in the works of her hands, when one day, it unexpectedly came tumbling 
about her ears, to her utter consternation and dismay. One Sunday evening 
she was discovered in great distress, and brought into the vestry at the close 
of the service. Bidding her be seated, the minister inquired into the cause 
of her trouble. 

^'I thought I was a Christian," she said, ''but the sermon this mom- 

* 'J 


Here her sobs choked her utterance. She had been an attendant at the 

church, it seemed, for about four months, and from the first, the simple 

•Gospel, which was new to her, fell on her soul like dew or some enchanted 

imusic, and thrilled her whole being. It awoke her, as from a dream ; she 

entered upon a new world, and her whole character was suddenly changed. 

'* Thy words were found of me and I did eat them, and Thy word was unto 

me the joy and the rejoicing of my heart." It was heaven upon earth. Her 

•worldly companions were gradually dropped ; they had become insipid and 

uninteresting, by reason of a higher happiness she enjoyed. Her sopl 

seemed on fire, and was carried along by this heavenly influence, as a ship in 

full sail before the breeze ; when suddenly, on tbat Sunday morning, ber 

jhappiness vanished in an instant — a cloud spread over her heart, and her 


436 was gone. '^ Alas ! " she cried, in tbe bitterness of her soul, *^ I have 
n deceiving myself ; I am not a Christian after all ; my hopes have been 
(6 hopes, and my joys delusive joys ! *' The words which caused such 
stemation, and sounded her death knell, were these : *' Thou art wearied 
:h6 greatness of thy way ; yet saidst thou not, There is no hope : thou hast 
nd the life of thine hand ; therefore thou wast not grieved.'' (Is. Ivii. 10.) 
the sound of those words, her goodness vanished, her brightest visions 
»arted, and her comeliness was turned into gall. Bitter and agonizing 
i the discovery ; she fought and rebelled against it, and shed bitter tears, . 

they were not the tears of repentance for sin, but those of a proud and dis- 
ointed spirit. A terrible storm swept over her soul, and left her desolate. 

have found the life of my hand,'' she bitterly said, ^<and was not 
ived, but rejoiced in it." It was a similar conflict to that through which 
1 of Tarsus passed, and which every self-righteous spirit will have to 
3, when for ^^ three days he was without sight, and could neither eat nor 
ik 1 " It is a fearful struggle, a lif e-and-death struggle, and fought out 
h desperate resistance — ^the Divine Spirit '^ casting down imaginations and 
ry high thing" ; and the poor, deluded soul putting forth all its strength 
iefend itself and keep its possessions. 

But E. B. struggled on for two months, her soul refusing comfort. At 
; she sunk into a state of deep depression ; her appetite failed her, and 
, too, could neither eat, drink, nor sleep. The dejection at times bordered 
despair ; her sun had set, the worl4 had lost its brightness. There was 
ther joy abroad, nor peace at home. She would exclaim — 

"Depth of mercy ! can there be 
Mercy still reserved for me ; " 

I yet she persistently put this very mercy away from her. At length, 

ining the cause of her trouble, the minister said to her one day — 

** When you are willing to be saved by Christ, and will relinquish your 

Q righteousness, you will find peace." 

She gave a start, but resisted the idea stoutly, and replied with consider- 

e warmth — 

'* Oh, sir, I have come to Him, and am trusting in Him." 

** Why, then, have you not peace ? " was the reply. ** We have peace in 

ieving," he added, " but you have not." 

But she held fast her integrity, and seemed hurt in being thought so ill 

At another time it was put to her in another form : — 
" You naturally desire to stand well with God ; all men do," he said ; 
on would approach him with a good character, and you strive to believe in 
ir goodness ; and although it brings you no peace, yet you cling to it with 

your might." She became thoughtful. "You have been aU this time 
Qging your righteousness to Christ," he went on to say, *'not coming for it." And then added, ** You would be saved by your own good- 
a, not His grace, and so you are not yet saved at all." . It was a severe 
Qsation she thought, and still resisted tlie idea with proud disdain. 
One day, however, a sudden thought struck her, that possibly she might 
^rong after ail, and it led to deep searchings of heart. The very idea that 
»li a thing might be, increased her desire to get at the truth. The doubt 
3e lodged in her mind, gathered strength ; a small chink was made in the 
U, and a glimmer of light entered ; but the chink got larger, the light in- 
cised, and so did her misgivings in the same ratio. Like Mary sbe 
c^dered these things in her heart, and her confidence in herself began to give 
y. At length the mists rolled away, and she saw the whole truth. It 
Mned incredible. At first she stood aghast, and shrunk from herself, 

from something horrible and repukivej "Can it be true," she ex- 
•imed, "that I have been trusting in my own righteousness all this 
He ?" And she abhorred herself ; but the next impulse was to cast Uft\^<^\i 


at the feet of the Saviour, and throw herself on Him as a guilty, loit sinner, 
which she did, and immediately found peace. The conflict was over, grace 
reigned through faith ; a wondrous salvation now stood before her, full, free, 
and eternal. She recovered her happiness, her peace, her heaven ; and now, 
no longer resting on her own goodness and righteousness, but on the foanda- 
tion of Christ's finished work, she felt the Bock under her feet, and she- ''went 
on her way rejoicing." 

But her health, which had always been delicate, gave way in the spring, 
and in a few months broke down altogether ; a rapid decline set in, and the 
flower faded ere it was noon. Bat her faith never failed her, not for an in- 
stant ; her joy was deep, and her peace like a river. The spring months passed 
away, and June found her on a dying bed, but full of Christ, full of joy, and 
full of heaven. ** My trust is in Jesus," she would say, ** I do not fear 
death." I returned home in July, just to catch a glimpse of her departure. 
Observing that her cough tried her, the nurse said to her, '^ It won't be 
for long." 

'* And then, oh how sweet the conqueror's song," she replied, taking ap 
the other line of the hymn, and passed away with the words lingering on 
her lips, to realize its sweetness, and to join in the triumph. 

We see how subtle is the spirit of self -righteousness, how intricate are its 
workings, what a stumbling-block to simple trust in Christ, and in how many 
ways it mars the joys of the believer himself, and clouds his fairest prospecta, 
and dishonours Christ. Reader, what is the ground of yowr justification 
before God ? Have you peace with God as the eflect of it ? Let the prayer 
of the Apostle be our prayer, "And be found in him, not having mine own 
righteousness which is of the law, but that which is through the faith ol 
Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith." 

%ixxtmi ^issx0its. 

The Rev. S. Williams' Reception and Recognition at Wateelo 

Sierra Leone. 

When Mr. Williams reached Waterloo, the friends, old and younj 
poured in upon him. Their expressions of wonderment were amusing'- 
** Ah ! " they said, '* God bless white people. Sam go white man country]^ » 
no mammy dare, no daddy dare ; but white man take care ob him as the»-^ 
own picknene. Ah ! true, God is great ! Sam become white man." Other^ 
of them saluted him with their old native greetings. 

The Recognition Service took place in St. Mark's, on the evening o^ 
Friday, October 26tb, at which Mr. Williams was duly received as th^ 
native pastor of the Countess of Huntingdon's Free Church in Sierra Leon^* 
of which the Rev. John Trotter is the European superintendent. Mor^ 
than 600 persons were present, and the chair was occupied by the Rev. ^«- 
Taylor, native clergyman of the Church Missionary Society. There wer^ 
also present deputations from every Church in the Connexion. 

In opening the proceedings, the chairman said, they were all aware thatth^ 
object of the meeting was to give the Rev. S. Williams a hearty welcome, 
which they were all very glad to do. "We receive him," he said, "as* 
minister of Christ. We have all heard the good reports of his work ii» 
England, and how he was received and entertained by the noble Christians 
of that country. He has our confidence and sympathy, and we moat all 
support and cheer him in his spiritual work." 

T. Handles, Esq. , a native merchant, and Mr. T. Hayes, one of tii© 
elders of Goderich, and others, spoke kindly ; after which Mr. Williams rose 
to reply, and was heartily cheered. He thanked them for their words of 
welcome. He felt that if he had to succeed as minister, it would only be by 
the power he received from the Lord Jesus. Ho hoped they \iould all ^^^ 


together, then this would be the beginning of better times. The friends in 
England felt great interest in their souls, and also in their bodies — as the large 
number of garments they had sent for them testified. The first thing that 
affected him in London was to see Mrs. Thoresby and ber earnest working 
party, in the Vestry of Spa Fields Chapel, making garments for poor 
African children. In other places, he found Jadies working for them, such 
as Mrs. MoOomas of Teddington, Mrs. Binneau of Kidderminster, Mrs. 
Trotter, Mrs. Jackson, Mrs. Todd, and others, of Wheel ton. He had 
brought many Bibles and Testaments from the British and Foreign Bible 
Society, and books and tracts from the Tract Society, for free distribution. 
He then gave a graphic account of his union with their dear and faithful 
*' big daddy " and his excellent wife, and of his life in England. 

The meeting was deeply interesting throughout, and will have a good 

Mr. Trotter has just received several interesting letters from the Sierra 
Leone Churches relative to Mr. Williams' arrival, <fec. The new Mission 
Boat, presented by the friends of Rochdale, is already in active service ; 
ahe is called *' St. Stephen's," after the church at Rochdale. 

Cleanings uxtianQ ij^e Sj^jeafrjes oi ait ©Itr Par&jesl J^ijelir, 

Mere is a " handful " dropped into the lap of the reader ; and if he liJceth it well, 

he shall have another handful next month, 

Psa]in xxxiv. 19 ; ** Many are the troubles of the righteous, but the Lord delivereth him out of all.") 

^' The summe of this verse is, as he should say. Let the righteous look 
:or more troubles than other, and likewise let them hope for greater comforts 
:lian other ; for when they are well they shall be eclipsed againe, to show 
th.cLt their light was but borrowed : and when they are eclipsed, their light 
!<h.all returne, to show their difference from them whom Crod hateth, which 
fall from plague to plague, as they run from sinne to sinne. 

" So many things fall out contrary unto our mindes every day, that he 
wliich wanteth patience in this world, is like a man which standeth trem- 
bling in the field without his armour, because everyone can strike him, and 
he can strike none : so the least push of pain, or losse, or disgrace doth 
trouhie that man more which hath not the skill to suffer, than twenty trials 
<»tQ moove him which is armed with patience, like a golden shield in the 
hand to beare the stroke of every crosse, and save the heart though his 
body suffer ; for while the heart is whole, all is well. Therefore if you 
nuurke, when you can goe by an offence and take a little wrong, and suffer 
3 trouble quietly, you have a kind of peace and joy in your heart as if you 
1^ gotten a victory, and the more your patience is, still the lesse your pain is. 
If you put it to patience, and set her to beare it which is appointed to beare, 
she is Uke the hearty spies that came from Canaan, and said. It is nothiyig to 
^^come them : so patience saith, it is nothing to beare, it is nothing to fast, 
it is nothing to watch, it is nothing to labor, it is nothing to be envied, it is 
nothing to be backbited, it is nothing to be imprisoned : In all these things 
{saith Paul) we are more than conquerors. As though all these things came 
iiot to make us mourners, but to make us conquerors : nay more than con- 
querors, because a conqueror conquereth his enemy but once ; but we con- 
QQer these as often as Christ did the tempter. Thus all is in the manner of 
^^®&ring, which make persecution seem joyfuU unto some and irksome to 
^hers ; which maketh poverty welcome to one, and bitter to another ; 
^bich maketh him sing in his sicknesse as if he were whole, and thee rave and 
^^e, and curse, as if thou wert not sick, but frantick. Therefore Christ^s 
^oke is called an easie yoke, because it is easie to some, that is to them 


which have skill to beare it as Christ did beare it ; by hia infiaite patience 
he Bu£fered infinite paines for infinite sinnes. 

*' Christ was consecrated by afflictions, therefore we cannot be conse- 
crated without afflictions : who would not goe to heaven with Elijah thou(^ 
it were in a whirle-wind ? 

*^ Many are the troubles oftlte righteoiiSy for they most be made examples 
of patience, they must sufter their hell here, they must be CM^uared for the 
Temple, therefore they must have many strokes to make them fit. 

'' Who would think, when Jonah was in the sea, that he should preach 
at Nineveh ? Who would think, when Job scraped his sores upon the dang- 
hill, all his houses were burned, all his cattell stolen, and all his children 
dead, that be should be richer than ever he was 1 These are the acts of 
mercy which make the righteous sinsr : The Lord luith triumphed valianUy, 
Therefore (Paul saith) we are in distresse, but we are not forsaken: as 
Christ rose out of the grave, so we shall rise out of trouble ; and when the 
gold is fined, the fire shall hold it no longer. 

'^ This should content the righteous, to be delivered at last, as David 
quieteth himselfe, saying, By this I hiow the Lord favoureth me, because mm 
eiiemies do not triwnph over vne : not because I have no enemies, or because 
I have no troubles which would overcome me. Therefore when he wrote 
down Many tyoubles, he blotteth it (as it were) with his penne againe, as s 
merchant razeth his booke when the debt is discharged : and instead of 
Many troubles, he putteth in, The Lord delive^'eth. Because he forgiveth all 
sinnes, he is said to deliver from all troubles, to show that we have need o! 
no Saviour, no helper, no comforter, but him. 

'* The lawyer can deliver his client but from strife ; the physician cin 
deliver his patient, but from sicknesse ; the master can deliver his servant 
bat from bondage ; but The Lord- (saith David) delivereth out of all. As 
when Moses came to deliver the Israelites, he would not leave an hoofo 
hehindehim : so when the Lord commeth to deliver the righteous, he will not 
leave a trouble behind'^ him. But even as they pray in Ps. 25, Ddm 
Israel, Lord, out of all his troubles : so he will answer them. Be thou 
delivered oitt of all thy troubles ; that is, this and this, and this (that trouble 
that thou thinkest intolerable, that trouble which thou thinkest incurable), 
the Almighty hath might against all. When Job is tried, not a sore shall 
sticke upon him. Therefore as Elijah feared not when he saw as many 
Angels as enemies, so, now you see as many mercies as troubles, let the 
comfort satisfie you which satisfied Paul, Feare not, for I am with thee ; 
thy pardon is comming, like the angel which stayed the sword over Isaac's 
head. Read on a little further, and thou shalt heare the voice, which pro- 
claimed warre, proclaime peace : many troubles in the beginning of the 
verse, and no troubles in the end. What Physician hath been here ? The 
Lord (saith David). 27i€ Lord was in this phice (saith Jacob) and I knew it 
not : so the Lord is in affliction, and men know it not. 

" This is the anchor of the righteous : as he looks upon his troubles, the 
promise commeth in like a messenger from Christ, (while he is praying and 
weeping) and saith, Tfie Lord luill deliver thee out of all. Then he resolveth 
like Nehemiah, and saith. Shall such a man as I flee ? shall such a man as I 
recant ? If I be faint in the day of adversity, Solomon saith, my strength is 
small. Therefore I will wait the Lord's leisure, because Isaiah saith, Faith 
muheth no haste. I will not betray the cause, because God hath appointed 
it to trie me. I will not offend my brethren, because Paul had rather dye, 
than do so. Though my friends tempt me, like Job's wife, though my flesh 
flatter me, like Eve, though my persecutors would bribe me, like Balac; 
though they which suffer with me, should revolt for feare : yet I will be as 
Joshua which stood alone : and as Elkana was instead of children to 
Hannah, so Christ shall be instead of comfort, instead of wealth, and 
health, and liberty to me. For many were the troubles of Joseph, and the 


rord delivered him out of all ; many were the troubles of Abraham, and the 
lOrd delivered him out of all : therefore he can deliver me out of all. But 
he do not (said Sidrac, Meshac, and Abednego), yet we will not do evill, 
> escape danger : because Christ hath suffered more for us. Therefore, if I 
eriah, I perish (saith Hester). She was content that her life should perish : 
ut if my purse suffer, my money doth but perish : if my body be imprisoned, 
ly pleasures do but perish : and who can tell, when he hath suffered that 
hich is appointed ? Therefore God saith. When I see convenient time will I 
vecute judgement : not when thou doest think it convenient time, but when 
e doth think it a convenient time. Therefore (saith David to the Lord) In 
\ee do I trust all the day : that is, if he come not in the morning, he will 
ome at noone, if he come not at noone, he will come at night : at one houre 
f the day he will deliver me, And then, as the calme was greater after the 
empest, than it was before ; so my joy shall be sweeter after teares, than it 
raa before ; the remembrance of Babylon will make us sing more joyf ull in 
'ion.'' Henry Smith, 

Bector of Clemeyit Danes^ London ; about 1590. 

ffij^apljer^ fax €)guxt\(mm, an i^t Jfrtt Cj^urr^ jof ^ngkittr. 

By the Rev. Professor Bradshaw. 
Chapter II. — Explanation and Truthfulness of Title. 

Biographers sometimes introduce to their readers the persons who form 
he subject of their memoirs, bj delineating some important traits in each 
ndividual's character, before alluding to his or her genealogy, or the time 
nd place of the person's nativity. 

In like manner will the writer of this series of short chapters on the Free 
'burch of England endeavour, before referring to any chronological or 
ther point in her history, to give a clear portraiture of those distinctive 
eatures of that youthful Mother in our Protestant and Christian Israel, 
rbich are suggested to the mind by the adjective "Free," and the noun 
rhich it qualifies. 

This plan of procedure requires some preliminary explanation, that is 
*y no means unimportant, since much confusion has already arisen in many 
eople's minds respecting not only the real import of the title under dis- 
UBsion, and the particular ecclesiastical organization to which it properly 
elongs, but even the validity and truthfulness of the appellation itself. 
Ddeed, Puseyite bishops, priests, and priestlings have everywhere scom- 
iliy denied the latter. 

And although a considerable number of the Evangelical State-Church 
leigy, have spoken and written favourably of the Free Chuich of England 
lovement, the majority of them have either affected to ignore its existence, 
r have vilified its claims to Churchmen's confidence. But all this they 
ave done, either from unworthy and needless jealousy and fear for their 
vn parochial influence or in order to throw dust in the eyes of the people 
ad prevent them from too close a scrutiny of their own faithless dereliction 
^ dnty, and their treacherous fraternization with the Romanizing traitors in 
te State-Church ministry, whose Popish doctrines they theoretically con- 
dttn, but pra>cticaUy promote and encourage. 

Such have been the causes of the confused and even suspicious ideas of a 
^ portion of the laity, respecting the appropriateness and truthfulness of 
leveirname of this truly Protestant Church, which has already done so 
inch all over the kingdom to maintain and promote the principles of the 
•^formation, once so dear to English Churchmen. 

Another source, however, of the crude and erroneous notions prevailing 
I Kome quarters, on the subject of the Free Church of England, lies in the 
^ that it is often most improperly confounded with numeiona detached 


congregations, all independent of each other, and belonging in some caieito 
no particular sect, and in others to various Christian denominations that 
have each, respectively, appropriated the title Free, as a qualifying prefix to 
indicate their ecclesiastical independence, or to show that, in a pecaniary 
sense, they are self-supporting ; while, even in the State Church itself, there 
are, we believe, not a few congregations known as Free Churches, whoN 
ministers' stipends are not derived from the ordinary funds of the EstablUh- 
ment, but either from the munificence of wealthy patrons, or the con- 
tributions of their own members ; although in no cases^are such congre- 
gations free from the Ecclesiastical and Legislative bonds of the Anglican 

The freedom, however, of the Free Church of England (which in eyeiy 
sense is properly so called, as will be demonstrated in these chapters), rests 
on an entirely different foundation, in several respects, from that which is 
expressed in the title of any other Church or congregation, either within or 
without the Anglican pale ; although, in some other particulars, the claim to 
the special nomenclature that gives expression to that freedom maybe 
similar, if not identical, in all. 

The limited space at our disposal, will not permit those contrasts and 
similarities to be pointed out and explained in this chapter, but it is hoped 1% 
that Chapter III., in the March number of "the Magazine^ will fully diseiui Pj 
them. The moral and legal right of the Free Church of England to e(K& 1^ 
and every part of her peculiarly appropriate and noble title, will be so clearl/ m< 
demonstrated therein, as to render it impossible to confound her with oitif 1^ 
other "Free" Church, large or small, or leave it in the power of any priatiyl'^ 
caviller to say that the question of the truthfulness and validity of her title. ■*^" 
has not been completely and triumphantly removed from the arena « 

The members and . friends of the Free Church of England in Net 
Maiden, held a social gathering or tea party, at the Institute on Tueed^ 
evening, January 8th. A large company assembled ; the room was taste- 
fully decorated for the occasion, and the well-appointed tea-tables, adorneo 
as they were with fruit and flowers, gave a very pretty and attractive 
appearance to the Institute. The Kev. Professor Bradshaw, the recently- 
appointed incumbent of Trinity Church, most ably presided. After ^ 
prayer was offered by the Rev. Bishop Sugden, and then commenced the 
pioceedings of the evening, which were made interesting by short addresseBi 
varied with intervals of music and song. 

The Rev. H. O. Meyers, of Emmanuel Church, Putney, who ^ 
addressed the meeting, said he rejoiced to see such a pleasant gatherii^ 
and thought that they had good reason to be encouraged by it, althougj 
they had been under a cloud lately, and had had much to try them. Suca 
times were sometimes good for churches, as well as for individuals. ClonoJ 
brought showers, and showers fertilised, and he hoped that the cloud wooW 
bring down upon them a shower of refreshing. He spoke of the motto teP 
which he had adopted in his own church, for this year, ''Jesus only," and fl« 
exhorted them in all their works, in all their aims and desires, to think o» 
glorifying " Jesus only. " , 

Bishop Sugden delivered a very effective address, full of kind words oi 
encouragement. It gave him, he said, great pleasure to be with them oD 
this, their seventh anniversary meeting. Seven years was a long period o 
church life, and it must be to them a pleasant retrospect to look back op^ 
their seven years of active evangelical labour, during which time they b»» 
often been conscious of the Divine Presence and the Divine blessing* J* 
church was composed of many parts, and was not formed for the minis** 


the officials, but for all the members, in their individual and collective 
)acity. He congratulated them and the Kev. Professor Bradshaw, on 
) relations now established between them, but he urged them not to leave 
the work to be done by the minister. All should help and regard them- 
ves as parts of one body, having functions and responsibilities essential 
the good and effective working of the whole. The Bishop illustrated this 
ith by various similes, and concluded by wishing them, as a church, every 
ssing and prosperity, and trusting that they would be a centre of light 
1 usefulness in the village and neighbourhood. 

The Rev. W. G. Orory having spoken at some length on " Buy the 
nth, and sell it not," 

The Rev. Professor Bradshaw, in eulogistic words, called upon Mr. 
3rry weather, saying that, although he had been asked by that gentleman 
be excused from speaking, he was sure that they would all be disappointed 
he did not address them. 

Mr. Merbyweatheb, after proposing a vote of thanks to the ladies who 
d so kindly, abundantly, and tastefully provided the repast, which they 
d all so thoroughly enjoyed, said, that on looking back over the last seven 
^, and seeing how much they had done, he could not but remember 
eir great indebtedness to the ladies, for their present satisfactory position 
a church ; for in spite of great opposition and personal misrepresentation, 
d in spite of many trials and discouragements, they had never been in so good 
position as at the present moment. He did not mean that their numbers 
)Te greater, or that their finances were more flourishing ; but last 
ichaelmas their lease expired, and they had no site to which to remove 
eir temporary church, bince then they had purchased the freehold upon 
lich the church stood. Nor was that all. Trustees had been appointed, 
d a trust deed was now prepared, and thus there would be secured to New 
alden a free. Evangelical, Protestant, Episcopal Church of England, for 
^ time — a church which no change in the policy of the State, and no timidity 

the part of bishops, could corrupt with sacerdotalism, or the pulpit of 
iich could ever be occupied by a Tooth or a Mackonochie. He did not 
low what they thought, but to him this waa a 'glorious and satisfactory 
suit after seven years of trial, annoyance, and opposition. 

Kind and cordial words were also spoken by Mr. Bakeb, Mr. Himds, 
d Mr. Leslie ; and the Rev. Professor Bradshaw, at the close, affec- 
>nately addressed the meeting, exhorting them to cement the kind feeling 
at had been so cheeringly manifested that evening, in mutual forbearance, 
uistian love, and hearty co-operation in all their church work. 

The proceedings were made very attractive by choice songs, rendered 
th considerable musical talent by Mrs. Mills, Miss Ayres, Miss Robertson, 
iss Leslie, and Mr. A. Leslie ; while the Misses Clutterbuck, Miss Hiraus, 
iss Cooper, and Miss L. Taylor gave some excellent pianoforte performances. 

The tea-tables, which were so handsomely spread, were gratuitously 
ovided by Mrs. Ely, Mrs. Himus, Mrs. Merryweather, Mrs. Ayres, Miss 
orell, Mrs. Maunsell, Miss Smith, Mrs. Savory, and Mrs. Beaidshaw. — 
irrey Comet, 

^t €iritor's Cable. 

Hstian Life and Practice in the Early Church. By E. Pressens^, D.D. ; 
translated by Annie Habwood-Holmden. 8vo, cloth. London : Hodder 
and Stoughton, ]877. 

Is the earlier volumes of the important work of which this volume is the 
Dpletion, M. Pressens^ traced the labours and sufferings of the Church in 
conflict with the religious life of the Pagan world. Those of our readers 
o have read the previous volumes will recall to mind those graphic, and 
•quent chapters, which described the persecutions of the Christians under 


the refined cruelties of ancient Rome, and the effect of sncb severe tests and 
strains npon their faith, as manifested in their religions controversies ; and 
they will remember how clearly, and with what scholarly tact, the develop- 
ment of Christian thought was traced in the ecclesiastical arrangements and 
organization of the early Church. 

The present volume deals more especially with Christian life and practice 
AS manifested in public worship, and in the devotional exercisea and habiti 
uf home. 

Times of persecution, when it became dangerous, and sometimes imprac- 
ticable, to meet for public worship, were probably times of more earnest private 
and domestic devotion. The very perfectness of the mode and convenience 
of public worship, in the comprehensiveness of its liturgy, and in the 
frequent assembling of the worshippers, has at times, perhaps, tended 
to the disregard of worship in the home. This ought not to nave been, 
and would not have been, if the true relation between home and publie 
worship had been properly considered. Public worship ought to be tbe 
out-come of earnest private and family devotion ; for the very basis of publij 
worship is to give fuller expression to domestic piety. ^' "Like the stream," 
says M. Pressense, *' which receives into its broad bosom all the rivulets from 
the hills, so public worship blends in one common adoration, all the higher 
aspirations of separate souls. Every Christian solemnity which does not 
carry out this idea, is a delusion, and its certain result will be, to lend a 
fictitious character to the religious life itself." 

The chapter which treats upon this subject is especially interesting, and 
proves that the early Christians were earnest lovers of prayer. Origen, Tertol- 
lian, and Cyprian, wrote special treatises on the value and importance of prayer 
as the very breath and life of the Christian. ** How should Grod hear thee, if 
thou hearest not thyself V* says Cyprian. The priest in the house, like the 
priest in the church, must say to himself sursum corda. Prayer has shared 
in that great change which characterises all worship under the New Covenant 
It is borne upwards into the presence of God Himself, by the heavenly woidi 
taught us by the Master's own lips, which comprise in their sublime sini- 
pi icity the loftiest conceptions. Prayer rises from the hidden sanctuary of 
the humble cottage, made glorious by the Divine presende. Prayer is not a 
Mount of Transfiguration, to be climbed only at certain hours, while for tbe 
rest of their time men are content to grovel in the dust of worldliness. It 
has no value, except when it is the condensed expression of the whole life. 
Obedience alone can make prayer acceptable. Now the first Commandment 
of God is love. Hence TertuUian says, "Do we suppose that we can 
approach the God of Peace, without being ourselves men of peace ? Can we 
ask for forgiveness of sin with our own hearts full of hatred ? How can the 
Father, who condemns anger, receive us if He sees us full of spleen against 
our brother?'" 

Such, and many more, are the passages selected from the early fathera, to 
sliow the love of the early Christians for prayer, and many curious par- 
ticulars are given from the *' Apostolical Constitutions," to illustrate this 
and other features of domestic religious life. The volume is full of valuable 
historical research, and is worthy of the reputation of M. Pressense. 

Gilbert Wright the Gospeller ; a Talc of the Lollards. By P. S. MerbY- 
WEATHER, author of ** Lights and Shadows of the Olden Time," "Our 
English Home," &c. Post 8vo, cloth extra, with Frontispiece. London: 
S. W. Partridge and Co. 

The author states in the preface : " My earnest desire is, that this little 
tale may lead our young people to value, still more than they may have 
hitherto done, the inestimable privilege of a free Gospel ; and warn theffl 
afi^ainst that system of priestcraft, which would rob them of this precious gift 
of the Reformation." The volume is well printed and handsomely got up by 
the publishers, and is adapted for school prizes. 


€tc\mmixtid '^tQmttx, 

BATH.— Countess op Huntingdon's Chapel. 

The annual Choral Service at the Countess of Huntingdon's Chapel was 
aid on Christmas morning, at 7 o'clock, under the presidency of the Bev. 
L. Rew. The chapel was crowded. The musical portion of the service, 
insisting of selections from Handel's IVlessiah, was very effectively rendered 
y the united choirs of Argyle Chapel and Vineyards, assisted hy Mrs. 
*oole and members of various choirs in the city, directed by Mr. W. H. 
lOok, Organist of Argyle Chapel. Mr. Evill officiated at the organ. At 
be conclusion of the service, a substantial breakfast was provided in the 
^Is' school-room by the managers and some friends, for about seventy 
Mrsons who had given their services. The chapel was prettily and taste- 
nlly decorated, under the direction of Mr. Seymour and other members of 
Jie congregation. 

CARDIFF.— St. Paul's Fbee Chubch of England. 

A Special Service was held in this Church, when about 400 children and 
Uends were present. A sermon to parents was preached by the Bev. 
j^. Mackey, who urged upon them the necessity of giving to their children 
i religious training. After the service the distribution of prizes took place. 
^South Wales Daily Nens. 

I^EW MALDEN.— Trinity Free Church op England. 

A Watch-Night Service was conducted by the Bev. Professor Bradshaw 
nthis church on the last night of the old year. There was a large congre- 
gation present at this solemn, but most interesting, midnight service ; and 
a impressive sermon was preached from the very appropriate words in 
Eixodus xii. 42 — "It is a night to be much observed unto the Lord." 
3n Sunday evening, January tiK, the Bev. Professor delivered a very 
profitable New Year's address from the words, " So teach us to number our 
lays, that we may apply ouJ hearts unto wisdom'* (Ps. xc. 12). An 
Mcount of the Seventh Anniversary Meeting in connection with this 
^orch will be found in another page of the Magazine, 

OSWALDTWISTLE— Trinity Free Church op England. 
On New Year's Bay, the annual treat was given to the teachers and 
scholars of the Schools belonging to this Church. On the following day a 
public tea meeting was held, at which nearly 400 were present. Much 
interest in the Free Church of England movement was manifested. 

PUTNEY. — ^Emmanuel Free Church op England. 
A watch-night service was held in this church on the last night of the old 
year. There was a good congrej^ation present. The number of communi- 
<iuits is increasing. The collections for church expenses have, during the 
past quarter, been very satisfactory, and have amounted to ^32 14s. 

SPA FIELDS. — Countess of Huntingdon's Free Church. 

The Bible subjects, as arranged for the half-year to June 30th, for the 
^dy and discussion of the Foung Men's Society held at Spa Fields, are 
especially interesting, and embrace a great variety of subjects. 

The meetings of the Young Men's Society are held in the Committee 
Room every Sunday, at a quarter to three in the afternoon ; and on Monday 
^▼enings at a quarter past eight ; on Sundays, for the study of the Bible ; 
^d on Monday evenings, for mutual improvement in general knowledge 
pfor reading, recitation, essays, discussions ; also for the further const- 
wation of subjects adjourned from tke Lord's day afternoons, and for the 
'^'^ansaction of the business of the Society. 

TOTTINGTON.— St. John's Free Church op England. 
On December 29th a large tea party was held in the school-room b3loDg- 
^ to this church. 


WEST DRAYTON.— Frk Chttbch of EnoLAin). 

A meeting of a highly Bpiriiual character, in which Chriatians of varioos 
denominations took part, was held at Padoroft Booms on Christmas morn- 
ing, the celebration of the birth of Onr Saviour being considered by the 
friends to be a time when they might forget their minor differences, and 
hold feUowship one with another. On December 31at the Bey. G. H. Jones 
held a watch-night service, at which many persons were present. We are 
glad to hear that a Sunday-school has been commenced, under the superin- 
tendence of Mr. W. Baker. As a preliminary, a children'a service was held 
on Sunday afternoon, January 6th, when sixty put in an appearance ; on 
the foUowiog Sunday the number was found to be increased rather than 

WHEELTON.— St, Paul's Frem Ohubch or Enolakb. 

The annual tea meeting was held in St. Paul's School-rooms on Christmas 
Day. The decorations were very chaste and beautiful, and the mottoes 
suspended on the wall most striking and appropriate. More than 500 took 
tea, and then a most crowded and enthusiastic meeting was held, presided 
over by the Bev. J. Trotter. After the chairman's address, several suitsUe 
pieces were recited by the young people, which were interspersed with excellent 
music. Prizes of books are to be given to those of the scholars and teachen 
in the Sunday-school who have been present over ninety times during tbe 

WILLESB0B0U6H. — Christ Chttbch Free Chubch or Englaio). 

On Monday, the 14th inst., Christ Church School-room was a scene of 
festivity, when the first distribution of prizes among its Sunday sdiolan 
took place. A magic lantern was exhibited, after which prizes (between 80 
and 90) were distributed, as well as a good supply of nuts and orangK 
Bright eyes and rosy, smiling faces testified ihat the earnest efforts ol a good 
superintendent and kind teachers were not unappreciated. The Bev.E ' 
Orion Meyers, of Putney, kindly assisted, as also on the previous Sunday in 
taking the services in Christ Church ; preaching a sermon specially to the 
young, in the afternoon. 


The Qaart<?rlj Meeting of the Cooncil of the Free Church of England will be lieU 
(d.t.) at 3, Westminst«:r Chambers, Victoria Street, Westminster, on Tneadiji 
February 12th, 187S, at 3 o'clock. 

F. S. Mehbttteatheb, Sou. Secretary. 

The Southern District Meeting will (d.t.) be held at 3, Westminster Chambers, 
Mctoria Street, on Tuesday, February 12th, at 12 o'clock. 

J. WiLKiB, Hon, IHttricl Secretary. 


In future, all letters, applications, and inqmries relative to the general woritw 
the Free Oiurcb of England, should be addressed to Mr. F. S. Mekkyweathkb, -fl^ 
Sec., Free Church of England Conmiittee Rooms, 3, Westminster Chambers, Victori»' 
street, S.W. 


Bet. a. R Hockixt.— Papers sent by post 

A CDiiBESPoyr»E3rr from Went Drayton, where the Mcufoziru has jnn been introdooeJ. vrites : *T** 

fifty copies of tie Ftu C'l'urck of England llogazine sola rsjadir, acd we yhy l- be ^ad of fiftT 

for next month." 
fijCCTiTZD-— Rerr. J, Benny, Bcr. J. Bninskill, Mr. Bannister, Mr. H. Dav, Mr. H. Joies. Bcr. »• 

G. Crwy, Eer. J- Trofer, Rer. H- O. Meyers, Bev. T. D.xJd. R. ti. iz,i W. B.. Sii« PJice.3Cr 

W. Baker, Mr. W. T. Capr», Eer. J. Xasb, Dr. Coiy. Aprta:. llriApskire I%d0f<3kde»i, Ejis- 

copal JLeaa detf bvjrrt^ C<nnxi. 


MARCH, 1878. 


1 Tim. vi. 17, 18, 19. 

' Charge them that are rich in this Worldf that they he not high-minded, nor trust 
in uncertain Riches^ hut in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to 
enjoy ; that they do good^ that they he rich in good works, ready to ddstri- 
hute, willing to eonvmunieate ; laying up in store for themselves a good 
Foundation against the time to come, that tkey may lay hold on JEternal 

"When Timothy is to preach before Rich Men, the Apostle here fumisheth 
XL with the MateriaU of his Sermon, to warn them against the Sins 
ddent to that condition, and of the Duties incumbent upon it. He doth not 
J, flatter them, nor phase them, nor humor them, nor fawn upon them,, or 
mh to them ; nay he doth not say what some times he useth to do himselfe, 
tech them, intreat them, persuade them ; but he giveth Timothy the same 
E^er towards them, as he used towards him. These things comm^and and 

Charge those that are rich in this World, 

He doth not forbid Men to be rich, as if Christian Perfection consisted in 
untary Poverty, as some would persuade us. When Christ pronounceth a 
3 unto those that are Eich, he shews us whom he means, even such as 
eive all their consolation in this worldy and are wholly forgetful of another, 
ake vi. 24.) "When he said to the young Man, If thou wilt be perfect, sell 
^ thou hasty and give to the poor (Matt xix. 21), he speaks not of Evan- 
iea2 CownciU^ or a State of Perfection and Supererrogation, b^ond the 
SDing of the Law; but He speaJketh by way oi trial, and to convince liim 
that worldly Love, which obstructed His Sahation ; of his self-deceit, in 
Lceiving he had done all that the Law required ; of Jbis unsoundness and 
incerity of Heart, which could not forgo all when Christ required it, to be 
Disciple; which could not suffer theloss of all things, and count all dung 
the excellency of the knowledge of Christ, (Phil. iii. 8.) 
He doth not then forbid to be rich : Riches are the good gifts of God. The 
rd had in His Church, as well a rich Abraham, Job, David, Solomon, as a 
)r Lazarus. 

Neither doth he forbid the use of such lawful Means, by which, through 
d's Blessing thereupon, they may be Hich ; We must maintain honest trades 
necessary uses, (Tit. iii. 14=.) We must be industrious in them, that we 
« lack of nothing. It is true, in every Estate, as well of Want as Plenty, we 
St be content. (Phil. iv. 11.) There is a rich Discoutent as well as a poor. 
\ may be more rich in a narrow estate, with Ood's Blessing, than many 

42 GLBAVnrOS among THB SHEATBS of ah old HABTE8T FOLD. 

wicked men arc iti tlie midfit of their Abundance — ^A good Man may be rich 
in Prominen, wlio is but narrow in PoBsetnons. Jacob's Ladder, whieh 
coiivoycth to Heaven, may have its foot in a Smoking Cottage; and there 
may be a trap-door in a stately Palace which may let down to RelL A poor 
Man may be rivher by one Promise of tbe Gospel, by laying up but one Line of 
Sorijuure in hiu Heart, Uian a Doeg or a Nabal, by the Cattel on a thooBaiid 

We see a rich Man hath no reason to be hi^h-minded ; but he that is so, 
will not stop there. He tliat makes an Idol of his Riches, will worship and 
trust in it, when he hath done ; and therefore Timothy must give rich Men 
a second charge. 

That they trust not in uncertain Riches. 

liy which he givotli us a plain intimation, That Eich Men are naturally 
apt and prone to trust in tlieir lUches, as it is said of Doeg, that he did not 
make Ood his strength, but trusted in the multitude of hia Riches. (Psahn 
lii. 7.) Our Wisdom tlierefore it is to labour for that which Solomon calletii 
durable Riches ; which is current in another World, which will follow a Man 
when he dies ; his \\ ealth will not, his Works wilL (Rev. xiv. 13.) To make 
the Fear of the Lord our I'reasure. To be rich towards Ood. To lay w 
Treasure i> J haven. To buy ^Christ Gold tried in the Fire, that wefMOjiU 
Rich. (llev. iii. IH.) These Riches are returnable into Heaven. To be ruft 
in Faiths in Knoirledg, in Wisdom, will stand us in stead when the Worid 
liath lefl iiH. Things which come from Heaven to us, while we are on the 
JCarth, will go to Heaven with us when we leave the Earth. 

Riches ciin neither give Life, nor preserve it, nor restore it. It is not our 
Broad, but God's Word of Blessing whicli feeds us ; and that Blessing he caa 

5ivo to Pulse, and withdraw from Quails. Riches ferish, but Ood Uve$; 
iichfs Komotimes make us perish, but Ood makes us hve. A Thief can tab 
away my Gold, but who cau take away my God? What hath a Rich MMii 
ho haUi not Ood? And wliat wants a Poor Man, if he hath God? Better be 
in a Wilderness with God, tlian in a Canaan without him. If thy Presenetp 
not uith us^ said Mosos, carry us not up hence. (Exod. xxxiii. 15.) 

Ho givfS, 80 do not Riches ; thoy buy, tliey do not give. I must part ^ 
so much of thonu na I will proportionablj- have of otlier things : But when I 
have Ctml. 1 nood not exchange him away for other things ; He brings thei 
Eminently in himself, he gives them Bountifully with himself. And if b0 
give first, ho may well cliarge us to give too, since he requireth of us but his 
own. Ho gives all things: All the Wealtli in the World could not buy i^ 
moutliful of Air, or a drop of Light, if God subduct it. 

All things in tlio Promises^ All things are yours. (1 Cor. iii. 21.) -^ ^ ff 
nil, I abtmnd, I am full. (Phil. iv. 18.) As having nothing, and yet posstH' W 
ing edl things. (4 C\>r. vi. 10.) All tlungs in measure, in proportion to otir 
Capacity, to our Ability, to our Exi^ncios, to our Occasions. All thiojis 
necessary, suitable : witholda mo good thing, notliiug but that which would be a 
Snare and ToniptatiiUi unto us. Ho gives us all things richly to enjoy, and 
Uiat is moro U\hu all tlio World can do. If it give the Possession it cannot 
give tho Fruition — ^it cannot free a man from disquieting Thoughts, from 
anxious F<Nars. fixun discruoiating Caros. It is Grod s Blessing alone which 
makinh 9^h without Sonvu^, wliioh makes us eat and drink before him iri^ 

It is iho /^;,v of I\icJi Men. to make tlioir wealth the Materials of Good 
Worksi. Wo must not ojiablo oursolvos to do GckxI, by doing Evil first : Oai 
Ktt^jh A^>^.V?> h^r Ikmt Ojfering : wo must warm the Po^^r with the fleeced 
0mr own S \ 4rf , ^,1 oh xxxi. *.iO. ^ Hl-g^^t ton invxls aro mattor of Restitution rather 
than of I'isnihutu'X. — /iVA in jTivhI works, thoir Frutt must be plentiful as 
well a5 xhoir F.suj:/, Thoro may lo a narn w Hoart^a $t*rvod Charity, where 
thoxv is a »AT^" Ks;au\ as in Nat^U. And tl or<^ may bo a lajrero and bountiful 
Hojut where- tluiv? is bui a poor ai d nanv^w EsUtito ; As in the poor Widow, 


^ho as our Saviour tells us Cast in more than all others into the Treasury ; 
lore in proportion ; more in affection ; she cast in her Prayers with her two 
tiites. The word Seemeth to import To do good socially, modestly, humanely, 
be not only bountiful, but to adorn our Wealth, and our good Works wifli 
(navity of Conyersation, with an amiable and Communicative Deportment 
owards all Men. For a Man's very Charity may be so morose and austere 
hat tender stomacks may nauseate it ; as Physick that is wholesome but 

Let me press this Duty upon you from the example of God himself y who 
equireth us to imitate him in Works of Mercy. He gave his Son, his 
Spirit, his Love, his Grace, his Glory, Himself imto us ; and yet his Mercy is 

From the Example of Christ. Mercy was his Office^ his Practice. All 
lis Miracles were Works of Mercy. His Mercy was to Enemies , ours to 
Brethren; His to Debtors, ours to FeUow- Servants ; His free Grace to me, 
oine^'tf^^ Debt to my Brother ; His for ever to me, mine but for a moment to 
ay Brother ; His in Talents to me, mine but in Pence to my Brother ; His in 
31ood to me, mine but in Bread to my Brother ; His Mercy inricheth me, 
nine leaves my Brother poor still. If then I live by the Mercy which I 
lo enjoy, and must be saved by the Mercy which I do expect, shaU so much 
^ercy shine on me, and none reflect from me upon my poor Brother ? Shall 
ill the Waters of Life run from Christ unto me, as tliose of Jord<in into a 
Dead Sea, to be lost and buried there ? 

Again, For the Credit of our Reformed Religion, that the Mouths of 
Adversaries may be stopped, who falsely charge us with preaching, and you 
with professing, a naked, empty, fruitless faith, We Preach St. PauVs Faith, 
a Faith which works by Love ; remembering your work of Faith. We Preach 
/St. Peter's Faith, a Faith which hath Vertue and Knowledg, and Temperance, 
and PatiencCy and Godliness, and Brotherly-kindness, and Charity added unto 
it And we tell you with him. That if these things be lacking, you are blind ; 
and your Knowledg is worth nothing, so long as it is barren and unfruitful. 
We Preach St. James his Faith, a Faith which hath Works, which may be 
skewed, which visiteth the Fatherless and Widows in their Afflictions ; Ahra* 
ia»t'« Faith, that hath a Bosom for poor Lazarus ; RahaVs Faith, which had 
•n Harbor for endangered Strangers. We Preach St. Judes Faith, a most 
Wy Faith, a Faith delivered to the Saints ; such a Faith, as who indeed hath 
% is not a Cloud without Water, nor a Tree without Fruit. We Preach St. 
^ohris Faith, to believe on the Name of Christ, and to love one another ; and to 
shew this Love by opening our Bowels of Compassion to our needy Brother, 
•nd loving him not in Word, but in Deed and Truth. We tell you, if you 
^nut in the Lord, you must do Good. If you believe either the Truth, or the 
terrors, or the Promises of God, you must not with-hold the Poor from their 
^^e, nor cause the Eye of the Widow to. faiL This is the Faith we Preach, 
this is the Charge we give ; We tell you. Without this your Faith is hypo- 
^fitioal, your Religion vain, your Hope delusion, and all your Expectation but 
W a Spider's Web. 

Laying up in store for themselves. 

This laying out is a laying up ; it is like Scattering of Seed, in order to an 
kerease and Harvest, It is Money lent to God, and he will repay it to our- 
lelves. And it is laying up a Foundation — not by way of Merit towards God, 
Imt by way of Evidence in regard of ourselves, as Testimonies of oar Recon- 
Hiation and peace with God. And it is a Foundation for the time to come, 
dien none of our Glory will follow us. Good Works are a Bank in Heaven, 
fhen all other Men's Wealth doth stay behind them, and betakes itself to 
iher Masters. 

You have another encouragement, a fvU Reward, good Measure, shaken 
Tgether, pressed down, running over into your Bosoms. You give Money, 
rod gives Life ; you lay out to your Brother, God lays up fox yow. \ -^csxi ^^ 

perishing things to your Brother, God an abiding, an abounding Life to yon ; 
yon a Cottage or a Coat to your Brother, God a Kingdom and a Ciown to 
yon ; you snch things to your Brother which neither yon nor he can keep ; 
God such things to yon, which when once laid hold on, you cannot lose. 

If YOU do not thus by yonr Wealth, lay np a Fonndation unto Eternal lAfB, 
your thick Clay will load you with many Sorrows, and drown yon in Destrac- 
tion and Perdition. You have your Wealth for this end, yon have yonr life 
and Salvation with this homage, and quit-rent upon it. If you do not GKve; yoa 
shall not Live ; if you do not lay out, you shall not lay np. Here is yov 
option : keep your Money, and perish with it ; return it unto Heaven, and be 
gainers by it. If you love Gbd, or your Neighbour, or your Selves, or yonr 
very Riches themselves : do Good, be Bich in Good Works, you do not only 
comfort your Brother, but you keep your God ; you save your Selves, yon 
lengthen your Lives, you preserve your Estates uirto all Btemity. 

Bishop Betnoldb. 

Delivered in a Sermon at the Spittle, London, upon Mondcpy in EoMter Week^ 

JprU 12, 1658, before the Lord Mayor, dc. 

glicj^arir |^gns0n; §a0haellier jof Si Hattfa : 

By The Editob. 

Chapt£B IV. — " The English Sbbviob.'' 

Passino through the hall, or passage, which was very dark, Master BosBe 
and his party entered a large shed, or wool-loft, at the back of the house, 
and abutting upon Bow Lane. The windows were closely shuttered, and 
the chamber was dimly lighted with a few flickering candles. But the room 
was fitted up somewhat as a Church ; there was a railed chancel endosmg a 
wooden table, on which were spread, on a white cloth, the arrangements for 
the sacrament. At the right side of the cliancel was a carved oaken 
lectern, which served as a reading desk and pulpit, suad upon it waa a copy 
of Coverdale's Bible, and a Book of Common Prayer, printed in black letter, 
and bearing the date 1552. 

One by one the people assembled — men and women to the number of 
fifty. They all came in quietly, and silently took their seats. At a sign 
from Richard Pynson, the door was closed, and Master Rosse, in his surplioSt 
read the beautiful English service, according to the Prayer Book of Edward 
yj. It was read with touching solemnity, and responded to by tiie little 
congregation, with heartfelt devotion, and in deep tones of fervent piety. 

After the service, which concluded with an earnest, loving address f uU of 
sweetness and comfort, the whole congregation drew closer to the table, to 
partake of the Divine Ordinance. The ceremony was performed by Maater 
Rosse, in the simple manner of the early Reformers ; taking the loaf in hii 
hand, he broke it into fragments, and handing a piece to each of the kneeling 
communicants, he repeated the old, and beautiful, and faithful form: 

" Take, eat this in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed an 
Him in thy heart, by faith with thanksgiving." 


Then pouring out the wine iota a cup, and passing it round, he said 
to each : 

<< Drink this^ in remembrance that Christ's blood was shed for thee, and 
be thankful." 

All was finished, and the people rose up comforted with this sweet and 
holy oommunion. But as tliey were greeting each other, and preparing to 
depart, the loud cry of angry voices was suddenly heard in the passage. 

'^ We are betrayed !" shouted one, and some of the men rushing to the 
door, pressed against it with their shoulders, whilst others turned the key, 
and barred it. 

All was confusion. The women wrung their hands, and even the men 
ehowed some signs of fear, as the door was battered with blows, and angry 
dema nd s were made for admittance, in the Queen's name. 

''Fly neighbours! fly!" exclaimed Thomas Pynson, who with all his 
atrength was pressing against the beleaguered door. 

But the people were too alarmed to calmly and quietly seek the means 
of escape. Thomas beckoned Amy to him, for she, amidst them all, looked 
self-possessed. There was, indeed, excitement seen in the flush of her cheek, 
and in the brightness of her eye, but otherwise, she was sad and grave. 
'^ Thomas, what can be done?" she said, '^Why dost thou say 'fly'? 
Whither can we fly ? " 

" See ! see ! " answered Thomas, pointing to a casement, '' the lower 
panel opens as a door — down a few steps, and there is an Entrance into 
Bow-lane. Quick, Amy ! quick ! and take aunt and father with thee." 

'' Come," said Amy, beckoning her uncle, and taking her mother's arm,, 
*' Gome, follow me." 

With a marvellous presence of mind, the noble girl unbuttoned the 
casement and unfastened the door. 

'' Hush ! be calm," she cried, as all pressed forward eager to escape. 

They had passed out, and with several others had just descended the 
short flight of steps, when, with a loud crash, the guarded door was burst in, 
and the Sherifls, with the city guard, crowded into the room. 

Thomas, as quick as thought, rushed to the door through which his loved 
ones had passed, and, hastily closing it, stood with his back against it^ ready 
to defend it, so as to gain time, and enable those who had passed through, 
to make good their escape. 

'' Surrender, sirrah i" shouted the Sheriff, ''in the Queen's name." 

"Thy warrant, Master Sheriff," said Thomas Pynson, "we would fain 
know by what authority we are thus disturbed. Thou comest, with thy 
myrmidons, upon honest folk, like a pack of house breakers ! '' 

" By the authority of the Queen's Council, then, braggart," angrily ex- 
claimed tlie Sheriff. 

It was useless to contend, the Sheriffs were supported with a strong, well 
aimed band. All that remained, Ave and thirty in number, were arrested. 
ICaster Rosse entreated his friends to be patient, and to submit. 

" 'Tis the Lord's will,'' said he, " and for His good purpose." 

The guards seized the Bible and Prayer Book, and, with drawn swords, 
hurried off their prisoners to the Compter in Bread-street. 



The coarage of Amy failed when the immediate danger was paat, and no 
sooner did the little party gain the open street, than she felt faint, and 
almost powerless. *' Oh ! nncle, uncle, leave me !" she whispered, '^I cannot 

" Try, Amy, try ! ^' said Mistress Tavemor, " or we shall be taken. Even 
now, I hear steps behind ns." 

It was so ; the constables were in quick pursuit. But excitement had 
done its work, and Amy was in a swoon. Had not Master Pynson suddenly 
caught her in his arms, and turned into a dark, narrow passage, they would 
have been captured. The darkness was their best friend. The Shetifb' 
watch, with lanterns and staves, came noisily shouting in their hot pur- 
suit, and passed on. They made straight for Watling-street, and turned up 
Budge-row. It was some time before Amy recovered, but when all was 
quiet. Master Pynson cautiously peeped from their hiding place. The way was 
clear, and, favoured by the darkness they reached home at last. The distreaa 
of Mistress Pynson on hearing what had happened, was great ; and it was 
with thankful feelings, not unmixed with regret, that Amy found herself with 
her friends, safe, in Paternoster-row. *^ Where was Thomas ? He had surely 
been taken, or he would have been home by this time." In the anxiety of 
her love, she tortured herself with the most harrowing fears, and it was only 
when, by and by — after some vent had been given to their grief, and when 
the bookseller had read from the great Bible a portion of the 37tb Psalm, 
and, kneeling down, had devoutly committed all to the care of Him who 
ruleth all things — ^that Amy was able to calm her feelings. 

Sleep came not to any of them that night. At daybreak the anxiety of 
all could no longer be restrained, and Master Pynson sallied forth to learn 
the fate of his son. 

He soon returned : for, meeting one of the night-watch going home, he 
heard from him all about the fray. " Thirty-five men and women," he said, 
'^ besides Master Kosse, had been locked up in the Compter." 

The sad face of the bookseller, chilled the hearts of those who had so 
anxiously awaited his return. 

'^ What of my son ? '' eagerly inquired poor Mistress Pynson. 

** Thomas is in prison,*' mournfully replied her husband, " and may the 
good Lord sustain him ! " 

Amy began to weep. ^' And the congregation 7 " asked Aunt Tavemor. 

^* Alas ! alas ! " replied Master Pynson, in an agitated voice, '^ the con- 
gregation is broken up, and, with Master Kosse, are all in the Compter." 

Nevertheless, with this certainty of what had occurred, their courage rosft 
It was a great relief to know that Thomas was safe. Anxiety had pictured 
the worst of evils. They sat down in consultation. All asked what conld 
be done, but none seemed able to suggest anything. 

At last. Aunt Tavemor surprised them all. '' I will go,'' said she, "to 
the Compter, and see Thomas and Master Rosse. They do not know m^ 
there, and there will be no danger." 

"Nay, my good sister," said the bookseller, " that will never do. The 
Compter in Bread-street is no fit place for thee to visit." 

''But, unde," pleaded Amy, " will no one go to Thomas ? " 


*' Yea, my dear, even myself, I will to the Compter.*' 

** Then, of a surety, they'll take thee, too,'' said Mistress Pynson. 

^' I think not ; the Sheriffs' men saw ma not, for we escaped hefore they 
iTst into the room. Even did they know me, they could not touch me 
ithout a warrant. " 

The bookseller lost no time. Soon he was ringing the great bell at the 
rison door. The door was opened by Dick Husband himself. The surly 
ilor refused to admit him. The greed of the wretch was notorious, and 
[aster Pynson put a piece of money into his hand. He took the bribe, but 
) was inexorable. All that Pynson could get from him was, the information 
lat *^ Master Bosse and his fellow " were to be taken before the Bishop of 
rinchester, at to-morrow's dawn. 

All were greatly disappointed when the bookseller returned, and their 
ixieties were increased on hearing that their friends were to be taken 
ifore Bishop Gardyner, whose harsh and cruel spirit was too well known 

Another restless, sleepless night, and by daybreak Amy was down stairs. 
18 sat listlessly by the kindling fire, thinking of Thomas, when Will 
Krter, who had just been sweeping out the shop, came into the room, 
oosed by his entrance, Amy gave a deep sigh. 

*'Fair mistress,'' said Will, respectfully, *' be not so downcast. Master 
homas, maybe, 'ill be here to-day. Who knows ? " 

^^I fear not. Will, the Bishop is bitter and cruel," said Amy, overcome 
ith weeping. 

" Nay, nay," said Will, visibly disturbed, ** cry not so, I prithee, cry not 
), Mistress Amy." 

'* I cannot help it. Will," said Amy, sobbing, ^' it seems so hard that 
one can see him or speak with him. He is to be taken before the Bishop 
Iu8 morning, and who knows what they will do with him ?" 

'* Would it comfort him, think ye, if I were to see him V* asked Will. 

" How, Will t How canst thou see him ? " 

** Why," said Will, " I'll to the Compter, and watch whither they take 
im. Maybe, I may chance to get a word with Master Thomas." 

^* Well thought of, Will ! " exclaimed Amy, starting from her seat, ^^ but 
le time ! I fear me it's too late. Haste thee, Will, haste thee ! and should'st 
lou see him, give him my — my hearty greeting." 

Will Carter, who was porter and warehoaseman, had entered the service 

the bookseller when Thomas and Amy were children. He was proudly 
Kid of his young master. He was honest and faithful. But if he could 
faj to the sports in Finsbury fields, to the ducking ponds at Islington, or 
boat on the river, he was mad with delight, and his love of frolic and 
nopany had often led him into trouble. On more than one occasion he 
Mi been before the Lord Mayor, for some foolish street brawl ; but Will was 
shrewd fellow, and generally managed to escape with a reprimand, and 
^ so good-humoured, and so humble when he had o£fended, that, although 
s master scolded, he always generously forgave him. 

Will lost no time. He ran until he came to the corner of Bread- street, 
on, suddenly slacking his pace and falling into a lazy saunter, walked on 
iQ opposite side of the street, right past the prison. H.Q tq\ov^^^^q ^^^ 


that some of the Sheriffs men were standing aboat the gate, though he 
seemed to take no notice of them ; but, as he passed on, whistling a tune, 
he heard one of the guards say to his companion, 

** I say, Phil, whither are we going ? " 

** By ferry," was the reply, "from the stairs at Queenbithe." 

** Good," said WiU to himself. " I'U hie me there, and be in waiting. ' 

On he went, until he reached the comer of Thames-street. Will then 
looked around him cautiously, and listened. He soon heard the sharp tramp 
of the guard on the frosty ground. He hastened on, and going to the water 
gate, saw a large ferry boat unmooied, and ready for starting. Two men 
were in the boat. 

" Wliy," said one of them, with an awful oath, *^ isn't Toney here ?—- tho 
lazy scoundrel ! " 

'^ Just like him," said the other, swearing still more fiercely, "alwaya 
lagging when he's wanted. How are we two to pull the ferry over the lye, 
with this tide ? Bother the drunken fool ! " 

"Holloa! who's there?" cried the first speaker, as Will came to the 
water's edge, "jump in, will ye ? and give us a hand to bail out the water." 

Will Carter didn't hesitate a moment. His favourite pastime was on the 
river, and he was a good boatman. He set about his work like a regukr 

The Sheriff and constables had now arrived, and they at once brought 
Master Rosse and Thomas Pynson on board. 

The prisoners were too closely guarded to give Will much opportunity of 
speaking to Thomas ; but just as the latter was being led from the boat, he 
recognized the porter. 

" Ah ! " said he, " you here ] " 
*' ll\\>il\ ! " replied Will, in a whisper. " Mistress Amy is well, and sends 
thee sweet greetings — hush ! speak not.'' 

CHikPTER VI.— Master Rossk and Thomas Pynson before Bishop 


It was a great comfort to Thomas Pynson, as he lay the previous night on 
a miserable straw pallet, in the narrow, filthy cell in the Sheriff's Compter in 
Brt\ul Street, to think that, in all probability, his friends had escaped ; and 
his heart sweUed with a lover s pride, as he recalled the noble courage and 
presence of mind of Amy. Yet, he was very anxious, and he tossed about 
until break of day before he obtained a few minutes' slumber. He was 
soon rvjughly aroused by Dick Husband, the keeper of the prison, a felloff 
notorious in the annals of the time, for his oppressive cruelty, and who, only 
a year or two before, li;ul boon sent to Xewgate by the Lord Mayor, Sir 
Rowland Hill, for his '^barbarous handling'* of the unfortunate wietches 
that came within his greedy clutches. 

" Get thee up," said he, with a surly growl, "get thee up, and pay thy 
garnish ! " 

*' Out upon thy manners ! " said Thomas Pynson, angrily. ** lime enougli 
for thy guerdon after we have broken fast.** 

^^ ' Broken fa^t,' indeed ! Thou*lt have no time for tiiat The ooiiBtsbles 

BioHAiiD fynson: booksellbb of ST. paul's. 

will be here directly, from Fulham, to take thee to the Bishop. Pay thy 
fi^amishy I say ! and thou can'st muuch a crust as thou goest along, and take 
thy morning draught out of the Fleet ditch ; fare good enough for the like 
of thee and thy fellows. But the garnish, I say, the garnish ! " 

It was useless to demur to the demands of the extortioner, and Thomas 
had to pay a large sum for his wretched and forced lodging in the prison. 
Those among them who happened to be unprovided with money, had to fee 
the jailor with any article of value they possessed. Those who had nothing 
wherewith to satisfy the tyrant, were at once thrust into the most loathsome 
cells, in company with the vilest wretches of the streets. But neither 
Master Bosse nor Thomas were disturbed that day. Bishop Bonner was with 
the Council, and could not examine them, but a message came towards night, 
telling the jailor to be ready with his prisoners, as on the morrow they were 
to be taken before the Bishop of Winchester. 

Early next morning, Master Kosse and Thomas Pynson were dragged 
from their cells, and given into the charge of the Sheriff and his men. They 
were marched at grey dawn through the dark streets, down to the water's 
edge, where, as we have seen, a ferry-boat was in waiting. The morning 
was cold, the air blew keen up the river, and the tide being heavy, it was 
eight o'clock before they reached the landing stairs of old Winchester House, 
by St. Mary's, " over tiie rye." 

In this spacious palace, built by Gifford, Bishop of Winchester, in the 
time of Henry I., Stephen Gardyner lived in magnificent style. His enter- 
tainments were luxuriously splendid, and his household was composed of the 
younger sons of some of the noblest and wealthiest of the land. 

Gardyner was no sluggard ; already he had transacted much business of 
State, and his barge, gorgeous with gold and paint, in which he daily went 
either to Whitehall, or Westminster, was already being prepared as the 
Eerry-boat came alongside. Gold, and with fast unbroken. Master Bosse and 
Thomas Pynson were hurried by the guard up the steps into the great hall, 
at the upper end of which, under a massive candelabra, flaming with wax 
lights, sat Stephen Gardyner, Bishop of Winchester, Sir Eichard Southwell, 
an active member of the Priory Council, some ecclesiastics, and many ser- 
vants and attendants of the Lord Chancellor. 

Gardyner looked up sharply as the prisoners approached, and, as his eye 
icanned the face of Master Bosse, he exclaimed, with some slight surprise : 

'^ Ah ! I see who thou art ! Thou art he who preached heresy at West- 

" Not heresy, my lord, but the Gospel,'' said B'Osse ; *' and that not 
without authority, for the good King Edward gave imto me the living." 

/^ The Queen will have none such as thou, preaching falsely to the people. 
For their sakes she turned thee out. So thou hast been at thy mischief 
again ! " 

'^ ^ Mischief ! ' I did but that which the Word of God commandeth, and 
the law of this realm allowed in King Edward's reign." 

" Thou hast done mischief, sirrah ! " exclaimed Gardyner. 

«My lord," replied Master Bosse, ^^I marvel that I should be charged 
witii doing that which is allowed by your own writing." 

«* Jlfy writing ! Where?" 


" In your book, * De Vera Obedientia,* " 

<< Ah ! haat thou gotten that ? " 

*^ Tea, my lord ; and the reading of it hath strengthened my conBcienoe, 
for, as touching the Bishop of Rom