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^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^ 00025594651 

Triangle Area Mushroom Club Newsletter Volume l, issue l 

January 2004 

Antique postcard courtesy of Anne Walker 


As 2003 conies to a close, it's time to take a quick look back. This was definitely a good 
year for mushrooming... lots of choice edibles, a few uncommon species and more than few 
"what -in-the-world-is-that?!". The edibles kept most of us coming back, the uncommon and 
weird finds added excitement to the forays and the unidentifiable ones challenged our taxo- 
nomic skills. Other than a few more Boletes, who could ask for more? 

This was also a year of changes in TAMC. Mary Beall, our President/Secretary/Treasurer, 
(what a woman) has retired. Pat McConnell, our Membership liaison, has retired but is still 
willing to talk to anyone, anytime, anywhere about TAMC and NAMA. Jennifer Mahon, Fun- 
gifile Editor, has retired. 

As the new Prez, I would like to thank Mary, Pat and Jennifer for all their hard work and 
time spent promoting TAMC and keeping the club active. A special thanks goes to our Foray 
Coordinator, Carolyn Norris, who will continue in that capacity in 2004. 

Looking forward to the new year, I would like to welcome our new Treasurer, Ralph Davis 
and our new Fungifile Editor, Debbie Midkiff. 

2004 promises to be an exciting year. With the support and guidance of long standing 
members, we will see a renewed vigor in the club.... with more new members, more good food, 
more fun, new challenges and hopefully, even more mushrooms. I'm ready. 

) Fungi-mentally,g Q ^ an y 3eCtiOH 


APR - 1 ?n"& 

Our Final Foray Report 
David Green 

October 11,2003 
Umstead Park, Chapel Hill, NC 

This foray followed several days of 
rain and was well attended 

Amanita citrina 
Hygrophorus conicus 

Armillaria mellea 
Armillaria tabescens 
Entoloma Abortivum 
Pleurotus ostreatus 
Phyllotopsis nidulans 
Partus stipticus 
Laccaria ochropurpurea 
Russula emetica group 
Russula crustosa 
Xerula Jurjuracea 
Lepista nuda 
Clavariadelphus pistillaris 
Lycoperdon pyriforme 
Favolus alveolaris 
Grifola frondosa 
Lycogala epidendrum 
Hydnum repandum 


Will hold it's annual foray in 

Asheville, NC , JUL 14-18, 2004 

For more information on how to be 
part of this spectacular event, see 
inside article by Pat McConnell 


Pa ^ e2 Triangle Area Mushroom Club Newsletter 

To 2003 
Foray Leaders 

Carolyn Norris 

A big thank you to those avid mush- 
room hunters who led forays for TAMC 
this year. In 2003, we had lots of rain 
and lots of opportunities to find a variety 
of mushrooms — including some won- 
derful edibles. 

Theses forays would not be possible 
without a fearless leader to select the 
foray location, time and show up rain or 
shine to lead us through the woods. 

John Risk- Who graciously let us 
hunt mushrooms on his wonderful prop- 
erty in Chatam county. 

David Green — Our invaluable re- 
source who willingly continues to share 
his vast mushroom knowledge and con- 

Continued on page 3 


Dave Dickman 


Ralph Davis 

Foray Chair people 

Carolyn Norris 
David Cook 

NAMA Foray... 

Pat McConnell 

It's not often that the annual North 
American Mycological Association 
foray is held in North Carolina. The 
Asheville Mushroom Club pulled it off 
with exceptional skill and phenomenal 
success in 1994 and is about to do it 
again in 2004. Approachable experts, 
exceptional programming and FUNGI 
(Asheville style!) will abound. 

And always.... tasty mushrooms 

There is however. . . . 


if you want to go , you must be a 2004 
NAMA member. It's easy to join or 
renew (see enclosed membership dues 
form). Other than a great weekend foray 
in our North Carolina mountains your 
2004 membership will have other bene- 
fits for you also. 

Some of those are: 

• NAMA sponsored regional forays 

nearer you for example the 

hugely popular Wildacres Foray 
near Little Switzerland, NC. 

• Special educational programs (slide 
shows) for local clubs 

• A chance to associate enjoyably 
with professional mycologists, ama- 
teur mycologists and novices. 

• Tasty dishes prepared at NAMA 
meetings by trusted mycologists. 


Let's Review the 

Mushroom Season 

David Green 

Unpleasant winters are sometimes 
considered to indicate plentiful Morels 
in the following spring but this proved 
no more reliable than most predictors of 
the Morel crop. We did find a few, par- 
ticularly in the weeks following the 
scheduled foray, but not nearly as many 
as in the past two years. It was, how- 
ever, the best year in recent memory for 
Chanterelles as large quantities of Ci- 
barius and Cinnabarinus were found 
relatively consistently from July through 
September in various spots. Black trum- 
pets were also abundant, but over a nar- 
rower time window. In general, it was a 
poor year for Boletes other than Suillus; 
the reason for this is not obvious. We 
found fewer specimens, representing 
fewer species than in recent years. 
There were also fewer of the large white 
Amanitas than we found in previous 
years, and possibly fewer Amanitas of 
all types. Through July and August we 
found a variety of Lactarius, some of 
which we identified. Regarding large 
imposing fungi, we stumbled across 
occasional specimens of sulfur shelf and 
Grifola. Russulas, little brown mush- 
rooms, slime molds and other miscella- 
neous curiosities were at least as com- 
mon as in most years. The off-season 
project, for anyone looking for a chal- 
lenge, is to name the Agaricus with the 
yellow cap. It is not Xanthodermis 
(although this is certainly an appropriate 
name, it is already taken) and is proba- 
bly not Hordensis. See you in April at 
the morel foray. Until then, Oyster 
mushrooms are usually available every 
month of the year. 

Volume 1, Issue 1 January 2004 Page 3 

Recipe Anyone 

Carol Kanapka has contributed a family recipe which was given to her by 
Joe's mom. Her mother-in-law taught her how to pick and cook their favorite, honey 
mushrooms. She and Joe found several this past fall, harvested, preserved by freezing 
and plan to have them for their Christmas dinner. She shares her family recipe with 
us, it is as follows. 

Penne with sauce of tomatoes & honey mushrooms 

1 ounce dried mushrooms or 1 cup fresh or frozen 

2 TBS chopped onion 
4 TBS olive oil 

1 TBS butter 

2 TBS 1/4" strips, pancetta, Prosciutto or bacon 

1 1/2 - 2 cups crushed tomatoes 
1/2 tsp salt 
1/4 tsp pepper 
3/4 lb Penne pasta 

1 . If using dried mushrooms, soak in 1 cup lukewarm water for 30 minutes. When 
they have finished soaking, lift out the mushrooms but do not discard the water. 
Rinse the mushrooms in several changes of cold water and set aside. 

2. Put the onions in a small saucepan with the oil and butter and saute over medium 
heat until pale gold, or carmelized. 

3. Add the pancetta and continue sauteMng for another minute or two, stirring several 

4. Add the crushed tomatoes, mushrooms, the strained liquid from the mushrooms 
soak, salt, pepper and cook, uncovered at a gentle simmer for 45 minutes, stirring 

5. Cook pasta until al dente, following package instructions, drain and transfer to a 
warm serving bowl. Pour sauce over pasta, and mix thoroughly but rapidly. 
Serve immediately with freshly grated Parmesan, Romano or your favorite cheese 
on the side. 

Serves 2-3 

Two elderly ladies were sitting on a park bench outside the local town hall where a 
flower show was in progress. One leaned over and said, "Life is so damned boring. 
We never have any fun anymore. For $5.00, I'd take my clothes off and streak 
through that stupid flower show!" 

"You're on!" said the other old lady, holding up a $5.00 bill. 

As fast as she could, the first little old lady fumbled her way out of her clothes and, 
completely naked, streaked through the front door of the flower show. Waiting out- 
side, her friend soon heard a huge commotion inside the hall, followed by loud ap- 
plause. The naked lady burst out through the door surrounded by a cheering crowd. 

"What happened?" asked her waiting friend. 
"I won 1st prize as Best Dried Arrangement." 

Botany Section 

APR - 1 ?nn.4 

Big Thank You 

Continued from page 2 

sistently enlightens us with obscure iden- 

Dave Cook — Who hit the jackpot 
with the most prolific edible mushroom 
TAMC foray in recent history (30 min- 
utes of silence as everyone was en- 
thralled with picking!) 

Martha Dyer — Who shares her 
enthusiasm and favorite black trumpet 

Dennis Dremel — Who patiently 
provides his expert advice and interest- 
ing mushroom classification tips, teach- 
ing novice hunters and old timers alike. 

Mary Beall — Who, with eagerness 
and dog in tow, insures that we find 
plenty of morels in April. 

The requirements for a leader are 
not complex: Pick a location, time, date, 
and display a zest for finding a few 
mushrooms for identification. We try to 
schedule 2 forays per month during 
mushroom season (June-October), at 
various locations. If you are interested 
in leading a foray please call Carolyn 
Norris at 732-5996. 

We are pleased to have a diverse 
group of leaders and locations, which 
adds variety and interest to our forays. 

^ • A • ^ • 

A Note From the Editor 

Send your favorite mushroom 
articles, recipes, pictures stories, 
jokes or anything you would 
like to see in the 
March 2004 newsletter to: 
debbiemidkiff@hotmail. com 
103 E Woodridge Drive 
Durham, NC 27707 


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As one of the most widespread, prolific, and delicious mush- 
rooms available, the "OYSTER" is well known and appreciated far 
and wide. 

Traditional Chinese medicine uses dried fruit bodies in a 
"tendon-easing-powder" and animal studies show anti-tumor and 
cholesterol-lowering effects, (see "Medicinal Mushrooms" by 
Christopher Hobbs) 

Pleurotus species (and other fungi) can also be used in myco 
filtration and myco-remediation to clean up water from hog lagoons 
and clean up soils contaminated by oil based toxins. 

Paul Stametts of "Fungi Perfecti" is a world leader in develop- 
ment of these innovative techniques. 

Anyone interested in learning more can check out his website : 

Triangle Area Mushroom Club Newsletter Volume l, issue 2 

^™»WW J».W. «■ March 2004 


So, you think you have morel tales to tell? I was just reading "Morel, a Lifetime Pur- 
suit" by V.V. "Tommy" Thompson, and realized "I ain't seen nothin' yet". This 36 page book 
follows "Tommy" through over 60 years of morel hunting in Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, and Ne- 
braska... the best years being 1971-1977 with the death of the Elm trees due to Dutch Elm Dis- 
ease. In 1972, deemed "the year of the morel", Tommy personally picked 800 pounds!! [ Mid- 
west morel hunters still seek out the occasional dead Elm tree, and I have found large collec- 
tions under living Slippery Elms as well]. Reading Tommy's stories, you can't help getting ex- 
cited about the season to come. To quote Nancy Smith Weber, PhD., author of "A Morel 
Hunter's Companion"... "A captivating mix of biography and adventure, "Morel, a Lifetime 
Pursuit" is fun to read — the best book of its kind. Morel hunters will sympathize with V.V. 
Thompson's quest for the elusive morel and they will relish what he has captured in his mem- 
oirs. Reading the recipes, I couldn't help gazing out the window, looking for the first hint of 
spring and anticipating morel season." 

This book is a great addition to anyone's library, and is still available from the Missouri Myco- 
logical Society for $5.50. Contact Maxine Stone at 314-963-0280 or 

Fungi-mentally yours, Dave f 

TAMC morel foray information on page 2 
April 1 7th 9:00 A.M. See you there! 


The Magnificent Morel 

By Bill Burk, TAMC co-founder and 
Biology Librarian at UNC- Chapel Hill 

In early spring, Triangle 
mushroom hunters and naturalists 
enthusiastically take to the woods 
in search of morels, also called 
sponge mushrooms, pinecone 
mushrooms, or crinkletops. The 
morel is a type of mushroom, 
which is much sought after be- 
cause it is one of the most deli- 
cious and delectable mushrooms 
in the world. There are a number 
of species belonging to the genus 
of true morels, Morchella (from 
German, Morchel). 

Like gilled mushrooms, 
the part of the morel that we see 
above ground is actually the 

Continued on page 3 


This is the last newsletter you will 
receive unless your 2004 dues are 
paid in full. If you need more info 
or an application, contact Ralph 
Davis or Dave Dickman 

Page 2 


NAMA will join forces with 
the Mycological Society of America for a 
national foray in Asheville July 14-18. 
Top mycologists will present programs, 
workshops and forays. 

Since TAMC is associated with 
NAMA, our members get a discount 
when they join NAMA. When joining 
through TAMC, NAMA dues are 
$32.00 per year and include subscrip- 
tions to the bi-monthly Mycophile and 
the annual Mcllvanea, the privilege of 
attending the annual foray and numerous 
educational services. To join, send a 
SEPARATE check to TAMC, but pay- 
able to NAMAb 


Dave Dickman 


Ralph Davis 

Foray Chair people 

Carolyn Norris 
David Cook 

Triangle Area M 

Scrambled Eggs and Morels 

By D.M.G. Omer. (from "Cooking 
with the Morel Mushrooms" (Karau 
Associates, 1984). 

V* lb. fresh morels 
1 Tbs. butter 

l A clove of garlic-minced 

1 Tbs. parsley and chives-chopped 

Salt and pepper to taste 

3 eggs 

Clean and slice the large mush- 
rooms-leave the small ones whole. Heat 
the butter and gently saute the mush- 
rooms. Season with salt and pepper and 
add the garlic, parsley, and chives. 
Cover pan and beat the eggs in a bowl. 
Remove lid and pour eggs over mush- 
rooms. Stir in with a wooden spoon until 
eggs are slightly runny. Remove and 
serve immediately. Add a squeeze from 
a lemon wedge for extra zest.a 

Jack Czarnecki's salting technique 
for all mushrooms.... this really brings out 
the natural flavor of the mushroom 

1 . Pinch of salt 

2. Pinch of sugar 

3. Dash of Soya sauce 

Cook mushrooms according to your prefer- 
ence first and salt just prior to eating.B 


APRIL ll, 2004 9:00 A.M. 
Foray Leader: Bill Burk, UNC 

Area map on page 4 and details on insert 

Published by Jerry Mullins 

V / 

ushroom Club Newsletter 

Believe It or Not? 

By Bill Bevard 

"I've hunted morels all of my life" 
says Bill Bevard of Granville, Ohio, "but 
this is the largest one I've ever found". 

This monstrous morel was found 
near his home during the 2003 foraging 
season. Bill uses two 12 oz. beer cans, 
that he conveniently had on hand, to 
demonstrate its enormous size. 

Bill has a highly successful tech- 
nique in gathering the most that his 4-6 
week season has to offer. He starts in 
March when he sees certain plants and 
undergrowth begin to emerge in his 
woods on the East side of his property. 
When they disappear there, he finds 
them on the South side and then finally 
in April moves on the North side. 

Of course he is the "Mushroom 
King" of Granville, ask anyone. His 
wife, Connie, says he keeps 3 large mix- 
ing bowls of morels in the refrigerator 
all season. He tells me that he easily 
finds 100-200 on every excursion he 
takes. They eat them, sell them, give 
them away and throw them out by the 
time the season is over, 

Can you believe it?« 

Volume 1, Issue 2 March 2004 

Page 3 

I Continued from page I 

"fruit" of the fungus. Its main body con- 
sists of a mass of fungal threads, called 
the mycelium, which remains in the 
ground. Although the size and color of 
morels can vary, they have a hollow 
cone-shaped cap connected to a hollow 
stalk. The cap is pitted (Fig. 1). Another 
assemblage of related fungi, called false 
morels, have wrinkled caps attached at 
the top of their stems (Fig. 2). In these 
two figures, notice that the cap of a true 
morel is attached directly to the stalk 
(about midway down it), whereas in 
false morels it is attached at the top of 
the stalk with the cap's outer edges free 
from the stalk. Some species of false 
morels are toxic. 

Where and when are morels 
found in the Triangle? Several habitats 
in the region seem to be particularly 
favorable for finding morels. These ar- 
eas include: under tulip poplars, old ap- 
I pie trees, and beech trees; on recently 
disturbed landscape such as eroded soil 
Oi driveways newly leveled and covered 
with gravel; and along stream banks. 
Although the timing of fruiting is at the 
vagaries of nature, April is morel month 
in our area. Local mycologists believe 
that certain biological indicators signal 
the morel season. Watch for apple trees 
in bloom, mayapples putting out leaves, 
oak trees with new foliage the size of 
mouse ears, or the emergence of fern 

For the hunt, wear sensible 
clothing: a hat, long-sleeved shirts, long 
pants, and sturdy, comfortable footwear. 
Bring along a whistle in case you stray 
away from the group. When picking 
morels, cut the stem off just above the 
ground and brush off any soil or other 
woodland debris. You should place 
similar species together in paper (never 
plastic) sandwich bags or collecting bas- 
kets. Until you have mastered the identi- 
fication of morels, have an expert con- 
firm their identity before eating them. 

Since the Triangle Area Mush- 

room Club was established in October 
1982, it has sponsored an annual morel 
hunt each April. The usual location is 
about five miles south of Chapel Hill, 
off highway 15-501 (see map in this 
issue). The area has remained a faithful 
spawning ground of morels ever since 
UNC's first botanist, William C. Coker, 
brought his mycology class there in 
1903. Reports on the results of the 
spring forays have been recorded in The 
Fungiftle (the club's newsletter) and they 
illustrate how the success of finding mo- 
rels can vary greatly. For instance, in 
1995 only five specimens were found, 
but in the banner years of 1998 and 2002 
at least 500 were found on each foray. 
The average harvest is about 1 70 fruiting 
bodies. No matter how many morels are 
found, club members enjoy watching the 
excitement of the person finding a speci- 
men for the first time as well as taking 
pleasure in a spring tramp in the wood- 
land. ■ 

Figure t Example of a true morel {Monhelhi esculenta). 
[from "Morel Mushroom Cookbook" (1980), by Betty 
Ivanovich, p. 15] 

Figure 2. Example of a false morel ( Verpa bohemka). 
(from "Morel Mushroom Cookbook" (1980), by Betty 
ivanovich, p. 23) 


Ashville Mushroom Club Forays 
Sunday April 4 

Meet in the Roses parking lot in Weav- 
erville by 9:30. Call Steve Peek 828- 
645-5092 or Bring 
lunch & water 

1 1th Annual George Lantz Morel Foray 

Easter weekend April 9-11 at Big Ridge 
St. Park north of Knoxville TN. Mem- 
bers may camp or rent cabins. Park has 
56 campsites which can accommodate 
RV's, campers or tents. Cabins (limited 
number) are available by reservation. 
Call 865-992-5523 ASAP to reserve a 

Sunday April 1 8 

Meet in the Ingles parking lot across 
from the VA hospital by 9:30. Same 
location and information as April 4th 
foray. ■ 


Designed for people interested in edible, 
psychoactive and poisonous mush- 
rooms — will be held in Telluride CO. 
Complete info about festival program, 
registration, lodging and travel is avail- 
able at or call 
303-296-9359. You may also write Fun- 
gophile, Attn: Mushroom Festival, Box 
480503, Denver CO 80248-0503« 

A Note From the Editor 
Send your favorite mushroom 
articles, recipes, pictures stories, 
jokes or anything you would 
like to see in the 
June 2004 newsletter to: 
debbiemidkiff@hotmail. com 
103 E Woodridge Drive 
Durham, NC 27707 


qnj3 uioojqsnp^ bsjv 91§ireui 

General location of TAMC staging area for morel foray on April 17th, 9:00 A.M. 

From Chapel Hill or Durham: take rte 15-501 S thru Chapel Hill, (follow the signs where 15-501 diverges from the "bypass") Proceed, avoiding 
the orange barrels until you get to a traffic signal leading into Southern Village, which will be marked with a "Park and Ride Sign" and a street sign 
(Main St) which may be visible. Turn right, go 270 degrees around a traffic circle and turn right into a parking lot. Go to the farthest 
(southernmost) point in the lot. From Raleigh or Cary: take rte 40 or 54 west to Chapel Hill & follow directions above. Insert shows more detail. ■ 


\ i If / 


Chapel Hill 






^° .High Park 


15 Q 

1 — J pi( * 

501 ) C x 

^atf berry Dr. 

i 1 1 
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