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English and Normafl-Freflch Progeaitors 



With Addenda and Corrigenda. 


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{'' JUL S6 1109 ^1 

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: <^V 

Mt Brother, 

General Cbatles Aflton Zcxxcll, 

U. S. Army, 

Who took an Absorbing Interest in the Ancient History 

OF HIS Family, this Little Pamphlet is 

Affectionately Dedicated. 

The Ancient Heraldic Arms and Crest 


Tyrrells of Heron, from whom the 

Tyrrells of Springfield and the Tyrrells of Thornton, 

from whom William Tyrrell (or Terrell) 

of Virginia. 

Arms: Argent, within a bordure engrailed, 
gides, two chevrons, azure. ^ 


Crest: A peacoch^s tail issuing from the mouth 
of a hoar's head, couped, erect. 

Supporters: Two tigers, regardant. 

Motto: Sans Dieu Rien. (Without God, Nothing). 


In 1907, the author of this little pamphlet published a 
preliminary sketch of the ancient history of what he called 
the Tyrrell and Terrell family of Virginia. He had re- 
cently returned from a trip abroad, during which he spent 
some little time in London, where he made some researches 
in the library of the British Museum on the subject of the 
early history of this well known Virginia family. He did 
not have the time to make any very extensive investigations 
into the subject, and was obliged to rely very largely for 
the data, upon which was based the sketch he subsequently 
prepared on his return home, upon a very eminent authority 
he found in this great library, called in French, "Histoire 
Genealogique et Heraldique de la Maison des Tyrel, Sires, 
puis Princes de Poix, et des Families de Moyencourt et de 

Some time after the issue of the little pamphlet above 
referred to, the author learned of the pul)lication in Eng- 
land in 1904 of a very authentic and complete history of 
the Tyrrell family, compiled by Joseph Henry Tyrrell, of 
"Castleknock," Queen's Road, Twickenham, England. This 
book was sent for and was found to be one of the most 
thoroughly prepared genealogical histories of a family ever 
issued. Correspondence was at once opened with Mr. 
Tyrrell, the English author of this book, alid as a result of 
this correspondence, which has gone on now for over a 
year, and from a careful study of the pedigrees contained 
in this English history of the family, the author of this 
little pamphlet has deemed it expedient to issue a second 
edition, in order to correct many errors which were found 
to exist in his first edition and to make many important 
additions which he first learned of through the more elab- 
orate history above referred to. During the correspondence 
with Mr. Tyrrell, the English historian of the family, he 
very kindly annotated with valuable notes the pamphlet 
which had been published by the author in 1907, making 

many little corrections in the historical data, and many val- 
uable suggestions as to important facts hitherto unknown 
by the author. In the following pages no attempt will be 
made to give anything but a brief resum6 of the exceedingly 
interesting matter contained in this rare history prepared 
in England; it is recommended, however, that those mem- 
bers of the family who are desirous of making more elab- 
orate researches into the history of this old family should 
send to Mr. Tyrrell and obtain a copy of his book while 
the limited edition of it lasts. Only one hundred copies 
were published, and while any of the edition lasts it can 
be obtained by sending two pounds, four shillings to Mr. 
Tyrrell at the address given above. 

San Antonio, Texas, 
March, 1909. 


Th^ founder of this family, known as de Tirel, Tirel, 
Tyrel, Tyrell, Tyrrell, Terrell, Tirrell, (and with other va- 
riations in the orthography), was Ralf, Sire de Tirel, de 
Poix and de Quemanville, son of Walter L, Count of the 
Vexin and Amiens. 

The Counts of the Vexin were the lords of a district 
situated on the northern borders of France as they existed 
in the tenth century and which lay between France and the 
ducal possessions of the House of Normandy. This little 
district, known as the Vexin, was sometimes under the 
suzerain control of the Norman dukes and sometimes under 
that of the French crown; but finally became absorbed 
with Normandy by the latter. The father of Rolf de Tirel, 
Walter /., Count of the Vexin, lived about 995 and was lord 
proprietor over many lands even beyond the Vexin. He 
was the son of Waleran, Count of the Vexin, and hereditary 
standard bearer of France, who died in 965. The mother 
of Walter I., was Edelgarde, a daughter of the Count of 
Flanders and a great-granddaughter of Alfred the Great 
of Eng^^nd. Walter I. was also lineally descended from 
Pepin le Gros, Charles Martel, Duke of Brabant, and 
Charlemagne. He was also lineally descended from the 
Dukes of Burgundy. These pedigrees, with the marriages, 
from Pepin le Gros, Charles Martel and Charlemagne to 
Ralf de Tirel are given in Mr. Tyrrell's history of the 
family. Walter I. married Eve, daughter and heiress of 
Landry, Count of Dreux. Ralf de Tirel was the fourth son 
of this marriage. Ralf, the first to bear the name of Tirel, 
had his castle near the village of Tiret on the banks of the 
Seine, a short distance below Paris, from which he took 
the surname of Tirel Having married a daughter of the 
Seigneur of Gu^rnanville, he became in time the Seigneur 
of Guemanville, the Chatelain of Pontoise and the Viscount 
of Amiens. The little village of Tirel on the banks of the 
Seine is now known in modern orthography as Triel, a mere 


transposition of two letters. The ancient spelling of the 
village name was Tirel. 

From the time of its founder, Ralf, the family name has 
been spelled in many different ways, depending on the lan- 
guage in which it was spelled and probably on the changing 
taste of its different members in a matter of this kinA*. In 
the old Norman histories, such as Ordericus Vitalis and 
others, it appears in several different ways, such as Tirel, 
Tyrell, Tyrrell, etc. In one of the alumni registers of the 
University of Oxford in England, containing the graduates 
of that old university between 1571 and 1622, Volume II., 
on page 413, the following various spellings are given of 
the family name as constituting one and the same family, 
viz., Tirrell, Terill, Terrell, Terrill, TirriU, Tyrell and 
Tyrrell. The commonly accepted spelling of the family 
name in England for the past four hundred years has been 
Tyrrell. In the old colonial land records at Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, where the first mention is made of the Virginia an- 
cestor of the family, the name of William Terrell is spelled 
William Tyrrell; and the name of his brother, Richmxmd 
Terrell, is spelled in the same early records Richmond 
Tirrell. In many parts of Virginia still, and in some other 
states where branches of the same family are established, 
the name is still pronounced as though it were spelled 

When the author of this pamphlet was the American 
Envoy and Minister at Brussels, (1889-1893), his British 
colleague was Lord Vivian, a nobleman of most distinguish- 
ed ancestry in England. Lord Vivian always called him Mr. 
"Tirrell." On the author's explaining to him one day that 
his name was spelled "Terrell** and was pronounced as that 
name is usually pronounced in America, Lord Vivian re- 
plied, "Your name is that of one of the oldest County fam- 
ilies in England and the name is spelled in English history 
in various ways, but it is always pronounced as though it 
were spelled 'Tirrell,' and in England, even if the name 
should be written 'Terrell* it would be pronounced 'Tir- 
rell' " While the author was making his researches in the 
British Museum library he was always addressed by the 
officers and attendants about the library as Mr. "Tirrell," 
although they had his card in their hand on which his 


— 11 — 

name was engraved "Terrell." In the French book re- 
ferred to in the preface to this little pamphlet the family 
name is given as **Tyrrell de Poix/' and in the frequent 
references to the family in that history it is always spoken 
of in that way when the family name is mentioned. This 
addition of the affix ''de Poix** came from the fact that 
among the many titles possessed by Ralf and his descend- 
ants was that of Lord of Poix, and ultimately Prince of 
Poix. The village of Poix is situated 26 kilometres south- 
west of Amiens and 116 kilometres north of Paris, on the 
railroad line from Paris to Calais, and on the line from 
Amiens to Rouen. (The name of this little village should 
be pronounced "Po-ah," and not "Poy," nor "Poyicks"). 

This French history of the old Norman family found by 
the author of this pamphlet in the British Museum library 
was prepared by M. Cuvillier-Morel-D'Acy, a distinguished 
archivist and genealogist of France. The book was pub- 
lished at Paris by the author in 1869, and as the author 
states, the data for this elaborate history of this old Nor- 
man-French family came from manuscripts preserved for 
many centuries in the Moyencourt family, which was re- 
lated to the Tyrreil family through descent and intermar- 
riages. M. D'Acy says, "The ancient House of the Tyrrells 
came from Normandy and was an issue of the first dukes 
of Normandy and very old and distinguished. In the char- 
ter of the primal church of Rouen in 1030 Walter Tyrrell 
is mentioned, and is there stated to be a wealthy nobleman 
and a close kinsman or cousin of Robert, Duke of Nor- 
mandy." The Robert, Duke of Normandy, here mentioned 
is the one familiarly known as Robert, the Magnificent, 
and sometimes as Robert the Devil, fifth Duke of Nor- 
mandy, who was the father of William the Conqueror. The 
English historian of the family, Mr. Tyrrell, gives the ex- 
act pedigrees of the family from Ralf, the founder, down 
to the present time. These pedigrees have evidently been 
prepared with great care and are based upon authorities 
easily accessible in England which Mr. Tyrrell regards as 
absolutely reliable. In fact, Mr. Tyrrell gives in his book 
a list of the authorities he has consulted in the preparation 
of his history, and they are, generally speaking, very rare 
and expensive books which it would be impossible for any- 

— 12 — 

one on this side of the Atlantic to be able to consult. They 
include many old French and Norman family histories, 
books published by archaeological societies, County pedi- 
grees, works on extinct titles, books on heraldry, and many 
of the earliest books published in the English language on 
genealogy. According to these pedigree lists, the second 
son of Ralf, Viscount of Amiens, was Fulk de Tirel, who 
became the Seigneur of Guemanville and Dean of Evreux. 
He married Orielda, who was a daughter of Richard I., 
the third Duke of Normandy. Among the children of Fulk 
de Tirel and Orielda was Walter, known in history as Sir 
Walter Tyrrell L, Lord of Poix, Castellan of Pontoise, and 
a Baron of both France and England. This was the Sir 
Walter Tyrrell who accompanied his relative, Duke William 
of Normandy, in the expedition which led to the conquest 
of England, and who was present at the battle of Senlac 
or Hastings. 

According to M. D'Acy's book, the House of Tyrrell was 
prominent both in Picardy and in Normandy. Its members 
made themselves distinguished for their rich seigneurial 
possessions and their high positions in this province and 
in the neighboring provinces of France. They were pos- 
sessed of many fiefs. They were Lords and Princes de 
Poix, de Brimen, Conty, Fremontiers, Morenil, and de RiM- 
court. They were Viscomtes d'Equennes et de St. Maxent; 
t^arons d' Angles et de Prunget and lords of ninety-four 
towns in Picardy, Brittany, Berry, Poitou, Touraine, Valois, 
Vermandois, etc. The first member of the family to bear the 
title of Prince de Poix was Hugues, (in English, Hugh), 
^vho was a great-grandson of the first Sir Walter, and who 
will be hereafter spoken of. The Hugh Tyrrell who firmly 
established the Tyrrell family in England, was this Hugh 
Tyrrell L, Prince de Poix. The family in Picardy, in the 
male line, died out in 1417, and all its possessions and titles 
passed from those of that name to the illustrious House of 
Moyencourt, through a female member of the Tyrrell fam- 
ily, who had married a Moyencourt. When that family 
ceased to exist in the direct male line in 1510, the titles and 
possessions passed into the great family of de Crequy, also 
descendants, through marriage, of the Tyrrells. The book 

— 13 — 

gives the direct descent of the possessions and titles as fol- 
lows : 

House of the Tyrrells, 1030-1417; 

House of the Moyencourt and Soissons-Moreml families, 

House of de Crequy, 1510-1574: 1417-1510; 

House of Blanchefort'Crequy, 1574-1687 ; 

House de la Tremoille, 1687-1717; 

House de Rouille, 1718-1729 ; 

House de Noailles, 1729- 

Many of the landed possessions in France of the old 
family of Tyrrell de Poix, and such of its titles as have not 
become extinct, are now held by Francois Napoleon de 
Noailles, Due de Mouchy and Prince de Poix, a lineal de- 
scendant of the old Norman-Picardian family. 

Sir Walter Tyrrell L, according to the English historian 
of the family, was both of Norman and French extraction, 
being a descendant of the Norman Dukes and at the same 
time a lineal descendant of the Dukes of Burgundy and 
Brabant and of the House of Charlemagne. He was the 
possessor of the lands of Bussy, Croixrault, Equ^rmes, 
Famechon, Fremontiers, Moyencourt, etc. According to M. 
D'Acy, his descendants in England are represented by the 
well known County family of Tyrrell, Terrell and Tirrell, 
established in Hampshire and Essex Counties by him and 
his descendants in the earlier years after the Conquest. 

Sir Walter Tyrrell I. is lepresented now in France in 
descent by two principal branches: first, the Moyencourt 
family, and second, the Mouchy de Poix family. The fam- 
ily of Tyrrell de Poix figured prominently in the Crusades ; 
they held high positions at the courts of the kings of France 
in the early days; produced a Grand Admiral of France, 
who was killed on the French side at the battle of Agin- 
court ; were governors of cities ; and filled many other posi- 
tions of importance in the military and civil history of the 
north of France. 

As before stated, Walter Tyrrell I. accompanied William 
the Conqueror to the conquest of England. Being a close 
kinsman, or cousin, as M. D'Acy's book calls it, of Duke 
William of Normandy,' he asked to have the honor of lead- 
ing one of the columns in the first assault upon the English 
lines at the battle of Senlac (Hastings) ; he was accorded 

— 14 — 

this honorable post, and with his large and well trained 
band of retainers from Poix he participated prominently 
in the assault on the English left wing at the great battle 
of October 14, 1066. 

The name of Tyrrell is mentioned in the "Cartulaire de 
St. Martin de la Bataille," which was a list of the distin- 
guished noblemen who took part in this great decisive bat- 
tle. See also list published by Andr6 Duchesne for the name 
of Gauthier Tyrrell, it being understood that the French 
spelling of the English name of Walter is Gauthier. His 
name is also inscribed on the walls of the Church of Dives, 
at the little port of Normandy, put there in 1861 by one of 
the antiquarian societies of France. Duke William's army 
assembled for the Conquest at this little port of Dives. 

In 1046, Sir Walter Tyrrell I. with Alix, his wife, built 
the Chateau de Poix et de Moyencourt, and also the fortress 
of Famechon, and he became one of the most powerful lords 
of the country and the stem of one of the most illustrious 
Houses that ever existed in Picardy. He married twice, 
first, a Saxon lady by the name of Olga; and second, Alix, 
Dame de Fremontiers, the only daughter of Richard, Seig- 
neur de Fremontiers. He had by his first marriage a son. 
Sir Walter Tyrrell II. This son, Sir Walter Tyrrell II., 
died before his father, leaving a son. Sir Walter Tyrrell III. 
This Sir Walter Tyrrell III. is the member of the family 
who, it is said, accidentally Hilled King William Rufus of 
England, while hunting with him in New Forest. His name 
appears in several documents in Picardy as the grandson 
of Sir Walter Tyrrell I. Sir Walter Tyrrell I. died in 1068 
or 1080, and was succeeded in his titles and possessions, 
both in England and France, by his grandson Sir Walter 
III. The latter had accidentally killed the King, as afore- 
said, August 2, 1100; he died at one of his chateaux in 
Picardy in 1135, after having made a journey to the Holy 
Land. The full account of the manner of the death of 
King William Rufus will be found in Augustin Thierry's 
History of France, and it will be found on examination to 
be full of most interesting details. In a recent letter to a 
kinsman of the author of this pamphlet, Lieutenant-General 
Frank Tyrrell, a retired officer of the English army, in 
speaking of the accidental killing of King William Rufus, 

— 15 — 

refers to the tradition that Sir Walter Tyrrell III., after 
the accident, crossed the river Avon on his way to the coast 
at a ford which is still called Tyrrellsford. The scene of 
all this is in Hampshire, where the first lands that were 
granted to Sir Walter I. by William the Conqueror were 
located and where the village of Avon-Tyrrell still exists. 
In his letter General Tyrrell further says that the forge 
in a neighboring village is still shown where Sir Walter 
got the shoes on his horse's feet reversed in order to baffle 
pursuit. He also says that the Avon-Tyrrell property which 
belonged for so many generations to the Tyrrell family 
now belongs to Lord Manners. 

Sir Walter Tyrrell ILL married, by order of his kinsman, 
William the Conqueror, Adelaide Giffard, who was of the 
illustrious House of Giffard in Normandy and England, 
and who was the granddaughter of Walter Giffard, first 
Earl of Buckingham, and daughter of Richard Giffard, one 
of the lords of the court of the King of England, and of his 
wife Mathilde de Mortemer, daughter of Walter de Mar- 
temer, in Normandy. 

Sir Walter Tyrrell III. left, by Adelaide, his wife, a son, 
Hugh Tyrrell L Sir Walter Tyrrell III. bore all the titles 
of his grandfather. Lord of Poix, Vicomte d*Equennes, 
Baron de Ribecourt, etc. He was a rich and powerful 
nobleman, owning vast possessions in Normandy, Picardy, 
Ponthieu, etc. He founded the Priory of St. Denis de Poix, 
in 1116, with the consent of his wife and his son Hugh, con- 
forming thus to the pious wishes of his father. In 1118 
he gave a donation for the support of this priory, to be 
obtained out of a portion of his rents from some of his 
lands in Langham, England. M. D'Acy, from whose book 
the foregoing details have been translated by the author of 
this pamphlet, remarks on this donation, "One sees by this 
that the Tyrrells at that time possessed large land holdings 
in England, and that Walter Tyrrell I. had received his 
share of the spoils from the Conquest." 

Sir Walter Tyrrell III. founded the Monastery of St. 
Pierre de Selincourt and the Abbey of St. Larme. This 
monastery and abbey were pronounced to be the most beau- 
tiful in all Picardy, nexft after ihe great Cathedral at 
Amiens, and they constituted for many generations the 

— 16 — 

sepulchre of the Tyrrells. They were owned for a number 
of years by the family of Ged6on de Forceville, of Amiens, 
but they have been in ruins since the revolution of 1789. . 

Hugh Tyrrell L, son of Sir Walter Tyrrell III., inherited 
the lands and titles of his father and was Lord of Poix, 
Vicomte d'Equennes, etc., and qualified as Prince de Poix 
in 1153, 1155 and 1159. Hugh confirmed the grants of his 
father to the said churches as above mentioned; he also 
made one of the Crusades. He married Ada d'Avmale, 
the daughter of Etienne de Champagne, Comte d'Aumale. 
This Ada d'Aumale was lineally descended from Richard 
II., Duke of Normandy, and from Ralf de Mortemer, Baron 
of Wigmore. Sir Hugh Tyrrell I. made his will in 1158 
and died in 1159, leaving among other sons Walter Tyrrell 
IV., who died in 1171 without children, and Hugh Tyrrell 
II., who finally succeeded to the titles and possessions of 
the family. There were also other children, and among 
them, Adam Tyirell, who became the founder of the Moyen- 
court family. Sir Hugh Tyrrell II. was a great soldier and 
distinguished himself in the Crusades. In the Hall of the 
Crusades, in the great palace at Versailles, in Folio 24, 
No. 125, is an article on Sir Hugh Tyrrell, Lord of Poix, 
and one of the leaders of the Crusades. His coat of arms 
is in the third Hall of the Crusades. They are spread upon 
the beam which is above the picture representing the 
"Raising of the Siege at Rhodes," August 17, 1480. The 
escutcheon bears the date of 1147, and is under the name of 
Hugh Tyrrell, Lord of Poix. Sir Hugh Tyrrell was ac- 
companied to the Crusades in 1190 by four of his cousins, 
two of whom perished at the siege of Acre in 1191. Sir 
Hugh II. died in 1199 and was buried in the Abbey of St. 
Pierre Selincourt. He had married, first, in 1161, Isabelle 
de Wignacourt, who was of an illustrious House in Picardy ; 
and second, in 1173, Marie de Senarpont, who was also of 
distinguished blood. 

Sir Walter Tyrrell I. had received from the Conqueror 
large tracts of land in Hampshire and in Essex. He did 
not live long after the Conquest, but in 1067, when William 
I. of England went over into Normandy, Sir Walter Tyrrell 
I. was left as one of his High Commissioners for the County 
of Essex during his temporary absence. He held the lord- 

— 17 — 

ship of Laingaham in Essex; was lord of the Manors of 
Kingsworthy and Avon-Tyrrell in the New Forest; and also 
held the "Sueburga" and "Contona** in Somerset from Os- 
mond, Bishop of Salisbury. There is some dispute as to 
the date of the death of Sir Walter Tyirell I., as the French 
authority so frequently quoted herein gives it as in 1068, 
but Mr. Tyrrell in his history of the family gives it as 
occurring in 1080. As before said, he was succeeded by 
his grandson, Sir Walter Tyrrell III., his son, Sir Walter IL, 
having pre-deceased him. The wife of Sir Walter Tyrrell 
III., Adelaide, was a cousin of the Conqueror, who had 
commanded her marriage to Sir Walter, and she appears to 
have lived to a great age, for according to the Pipe Roll of 
1136 she was seized as a widow of the Manor of Langham 
in Essex. Sir Walter Tyrrell III. joined the first Crusade 
and was present at the siege of Jerusalem in 1096. It was 
at this time that he adopted what are known as the "Poix** 
arms to distinguish himself from his kinsman, the Sire de 
Tirel, who was also taking part in the siege. Reference to 
this coat of arms will be made hereafter in this pamphlet. 
There has been much conflict in the authorities as to just 
the manner in which King William Rufus met his death, 
and it has been disputed that the accident was due to Sir 
Walter Tyrrell III. However, all the authorities agree that 
it was purely the result of an accident, as Sir Walter and 
the King were great friends and kinsmen and had for many 
years been on terms of the greatest intimacy. Late in life 
lie made another pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and dying 
in 1135 was succeeded by his son, Hugh Tyrrell /., as be- 
fore stated, who was the first one of the family to bear the 
title of Prince of Poix, and who is mentioned by the Nor- 
man historian, Ordericus, as an ardent soldier. Sir Hugh 
Tyrrell I. joined the second Crusade of 1146. In the Pipe 
Roll he is named as being seized of the Manors of Kings- 
worthy near Winchester, Avon-Tyrrell, and also lands at 
Ripley, Shirley, and Sopley in the New Forest. This Sir 
Hugh gave the chateau and lands of Moyencourt to his 
fourth son, Adam, from whom descends the House of Tyr- 
rell de Moyencourt, (which name he then took) , represent- 
ed in France to this day. As before stated. Sir Hugh Tyr- 
rell I. was ultimately succeeded by his son. Sir Hugh Tyr- 

— 18 — 

rell II., who was the sixth Lord of Poix. Sir Hugh Tyrrell 
11. was conspicuously identified with the first conquest of 
Ireland by the English and accompanied his cousin, Strong- 
how, Earl of Pembroke, to that country in 1169. He was 
made Baron of Castleknock in 1173 and was Governor of 
Trim in 1183. He was at the siege of Acre in the Crusades 
of 1191 and was known as the "Grecian Knight/' Sir Hugh 
Tyrrell II. was buried at Selincourt in 1199. He left a 
number of children. The eldest son, Sir Walter Tyrrell V., 
succeeded to the titles and possessions of the family in 
Picardy and Normandy, under the usual law of primogeni- 

Another son of Sir Hugh IL, Richard Tyrrell, succeeded 
his father as to the Irish titles and possessions, and became 
the second Baron of Castleknock. This Richard Tyrrell of 
Castleknock was the founder of all the different branches 
of the English-Irish family of Tyrrell. In the history of 
the family published by Mr. Tyrrell in 1904, all the pedi- 
grees of the descendants of Richard Tyrrell, Baron of 
Castleknock, are fully given down to the present time, and 
show that the various descendants, in the many centuries 
that have elapsed since the family was first established in 
Ireland, have held numerous titles and positions of honor 
and have been distinguished in the troublesome periods of 
Irish history in many ways. 

Another son of Sir Hugh Tyrrell IL, Roger Tyrrell of 
Hampshire, succeeded to the vast possessions of his father 
in Hampshire and in Essex, and became the ancestor of all 
of the English branches of the family. 

Before taking up the matter of the several branches in 
England descended from Roger Tyrrell, it may be interest- 
ing to note briefly the subsequent fortunes of the old stock 
left in France. Sir Walter Tyrrell V., who had succeeded 
to the vast estates and the many titles of the family in 
Picardy, Normandy and other parts of France, died in 
Picardy in 1228, and was succeeded as to these titles and 
possessions by his oldest son. Sir Hugh Tyrrell III., who 
was killed in battle in 1272. The latter was succeeded by 
Sir William Tyrrell I., who died in 1302. Sir William I. 
was succeeded by his oldest son. Sir William II., who died 
in 1323. The oldest son of Sir William Tyrrell IL, Sir John 

— 19 — 

/., succeeded to the various titles and lands, and was killed 
at the battle of Cr6cy on the French side in 1346, when 
the Black Prince of England won his great victory. He 
was succeeded by his son, John 11. , who died in 1361. He 
in turn was succeeded by John III., who died in 1381. His 
successor, John IV., was killed in battle in 1402, and he 
was succeeded by his son, John V., who was Grand Admiral 
of France, and who, with his relative, Roques Tyrrell de 
toix, was killed at the battle of Agincourt in 1415. These 
deaths in this great battle left, as the sole male heir of the 
titles and landed possessions in France of the family of 
Tyrrell de Poix, a boy twelve years old, Philippe, son of 
John v., who died two years later in 1417, thus extinguish- 
ing the male line in France of the oldest branch Of the 
family. The titles and landed possessions then went, 
through the preceding marriage of Marguerite Tyrrell de 
Poix to fhibaut Soissons, into the distinguished family of 
Moyencourt'SoissonS'Morenil, as hereinbefore stated. Car- 
dinal Richelieu, the great Prime Minister of France in 
the seventeenth century, was descended, through his ma- 
ternal line in the Moyencourt family, from the old Norman 
House of Tyrrell de Poix. These data as to the details of 
the family history in Normandy and Picardy, after the 
settlement of members of the family in England, have been 
translated from the elaborate history so frequently referred 
to herein, published by M. D'Acy in Paris in 1869. 

Coming back to Roger Tyrrell, son of Sir Hugh Tyrrell 
II., who, as has been said, became the ancestor of the dif- 
ferent branches of the family in England, it may be said 
that there is some confusion in the authorities as to the 
first two generations after Sir Roger, relative to his mar- 
riage and to the names of his children and grandchildren. 
It is sufficiently clear, however, and well established that 
his great-grandson was Sir Edward Tyrrell, who married 
the daughter and heiress of Sir William Borgate of Suffolk. 
Mr. Joseph H. Tyrrell, the English historian of the family, 
spent many years in the preparation of his book and has 
devoted much patient investigation to the early history of 
the various English branches of the family, and he states 
that it is quite evident that these branches all come from 
Sir Walter III. and Sir Hugh I. and II., as Sir John Tyr- 

— 20 — 

rell of Heron was possessed of the Avon-Tyrrell properties 
in Hampshire in the seventeenth century. (It will be 
recalled that Hugh I., son of Walter III., owned these lands 
in 1159, according to the Pipe Roll.) There is a marginal 
note on a pedigree by Segar, Garter King of Arms, stating 
that Sir John Tyrrell of Heron sold this Manor early in the 
seventeenth century. 

Sir Edward Tyrrell, who married the daughter of Sir 
William Borgate, as above mentioned, left a son. Sir Hugh 
Tyrrell, of Great Thomdon, Essex, who was living in the 
time of Edward III. of England. He was the Governor of 
Carisbroke Castle, which he defended against the French 
in 1378. The son of this Sir Hugh Tyrrell of Essex, Sir 
Jame^ Tyrrell, married Margaret, the daughter and heiress 
of Sir William Heron, Knight, of Heron in Essex, and thus 
became the ancestor of practically the entire family of Tyr- 
rell in England, which became known as the Tyrrells of 
Heron. Different members of the Tyrrells of Heron in 
succeeding generations settled in other counties in Eng- 
land, notably in Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire and Suf- 
folk. From the above mentioned marriage of Sir James 
Tjrrrell and Margaret of Heron came the several branches 
of the family in England known as the Tyrrells of Spring- 
field and the Tyrrells of Thornton, to which branches ref- 
erences will hereinafter be made. 

Mr. J. H. Tyrrell, in his "History of the Tyrrells," gives 
the detailed pedigrees, lists of marriages and complete line 
of descent from Baron Richard Tyrrell, of Castleknock, and 
Sir Roger Tyrrell of Hampshire, all of the twelfth century, 
down, with scarcely a missing link in the chain, to the pres- 
ent representatives of the family in Ireland and England. 
He does not always give the names of all the children bom 
in the successive generations, but does give most of them 
and the oldest son in each case who inherited the lands and 

The old coat of arms adopted by Sir Walter Tyrrell III., 
known as the "Poix" arms, is carefully described in heraldic 
language, with an illustration of its appearance, in the 
elaborate publication of M. D'Acy. This was the coat of 
arms selected by Sir Walter to distinguish his bearings 
from the arms of his elder kinsman, the Sire de Tirel, who 

— 21- 

took part with him also at the siege of Acre in 1096, during 
the first Crusade. 

Armorial bearings were probably assumed by Rolf, Sire 
de Tirel, about the year 970 A. D., for the device of his 
oldest son, Hilduin, was a shield "Vair." This word "Vair" 
is used in heraldic language to indicate the different tinc- 
tures or colors and their method of arrangement on the 
shield, the word itself indicating a peculiar kind of fur 
which was largely in use about the tenth century. Sir 
Walter Tyrrell /., who came to England with the Conqueror, 
also bore "Vair" on his shield, as did his son and grandson. 
The arms of Poix, assumed by Sir Walter Tyrrell III., at 
the siege of Jerusalem, were as follows : Gules, with bend 
argent, together with six crosses, recrossed with small 
crosslets and pointed in gold, posed three and three. M. 
D'Acy, referring to the coat of arms of the family of Tyrrell 
de Poix, says, "It is in this manner that this coat of arms 
is represented painted in the historic museum at Versailles 
in the third hall of the Crusades." The swords on it, with 
crosses recrossed, were evidently symbolic of the fact that 
the prominent members of the family in Picardy had taken 
distinguished parts in the Crusades. After this, changes 
seem to have been made in some features, for Sir Hugh 
Tyrrell 11. , born about 1130, bore "Vair, on a chief gules, 
a demi-lion rampant, or," and on succeeding to the titles 
and possessions of Poix in 1171 he became entitled to bear 
also the "Poix"arms. Some time after the conquest of 
Ireland by the English under Strongbow, the following 
arms were adopted either by Hugh Tyrrell 11. or by some 
of his descendants in Ireland: "Gules two bars ermine, 
between seven crosses pattees or, three, three, and one; on 
a chief argent a demi-lion rampant gules." (Harleian MSS. 
4036.) The motto used by the descendants of Hugh Tyrrell 
in Ireland probably dates from the year 1100 and consisted 
of the old Latin motto used in Picardy, "Veritas Via Vitae." 

It would seem that Roger Tyrrell of Hampshire, the son 
of Hugh Tyrrell IL, who inherited all of the possessions of 
the latter in Hampshire and Essex, and his descendants 
never used the old "Poix" arms nor the old motto in Latin 
above given. Very early in the establishment of the family 
in England, the coat of arms seems to have been taken 

— 22- 

which has ever since been identified with the Tyrrells of 
Heron and the different branches of the family descended 
from them. This coat of arms goes back into the twelfth 
or thirteenth century and consisted of the arms in silver, 
within a bordure engrailed, gules, two chevrons, azure; 
with the motto, "Sans Dieu Rien;" and with a crest of a 
peacock's tail issuing from the mouth of a boar's head, 
couped, erect. This is the coat of arms of which an illus- 
tration appears at the head of this little pamphlet. In the 
pamphlet issued two years ago by the author there was 
a mistake in the motto given connected with the coat of 
arms. It there appears as "Sans Crainte." This, the 
author has learned, is an error, as the motto, "Sans 
Crainte" belongs exclusively to that branch of the Tyrrells 
of Heron known as the Tyrrells of Boreham House in Es- 
sex, who are the descendants of John Tyrrell of Billericay 
in Essex, and who are still represented in England by 
Colonel John TufnelUTyrrell, of Boreham House, Essex. 
This motto, "Sans Crainte," was originally that of the 
Highams of Boreham, whose daughter and heiress married 
John Tyrrell of that branch of the family, and in this way 
that motto became connected with the old coat of arms of 
the Tyrrells of Heron, but applicable only to that particular 
branch of the family. The old motto, "Sans Dieu Rien," 
is that of the Essex Tyrrells and is the only one which any 
of the American descendants of the Tyrrells of Heron would 
have the right to use; and this is for the reason also that the 
motto of "Sans Crainte" was placed on the coat of arms of 
the Boreham House Tyrrells after the first Virginia an- 
cestor had left England. 

The Standard of the Tyrrells of Heron was "The Cross 
of St. George, azure, on a wreath argent and gules, a boar's 
head couped and erect argent; and issuing from the mouth 
a peacock's tail. The other charges consisted of six repe- 
titions of the Badge." The Badge of the Tyrrells of Heron 
was "Three long bows fretted in triangle," which after- 
wards took the form of a continuous knot. The descriptions 
of the Standards and Badges are from the MSS. of Sir 
Christopher Barker, Garter King of Arms, who died in 
1549. (Harleian MSS. 4633 and "Excerpta Historica".) 

— 23 — 

The pennon of the Tyrrells was the Badge on a triangu- 
lar flag gules. 

A very interesting description of the arms of the TirrelU 
Tyrrell family, told in heraldic language, will be found in 
a very rare book in the Virginia State Library at Richmond, 
called the "Visitations of Essex,'' part 1, page 299. The 
description here given will show how the early generations 
of the family in England gradually built up their coat of 
arms from the original shield of the Tyrrells of Heron by 
additions taken from probably the coats of arms respect- 
ively of the different families into which the earliest mem- 
bers of the family had married, such as the Borgates, the 
Coggeshalls, the Swynfords, the Flamberts, etc. 

In this same book of the "Visitations" there will be found 
very interesting lists in quaint and old-fashioned spelling 
of the pedigrees of the different English branches from the 
time of Sir Walter Tyrrell III. in England down to about 
the year 1550. 

In speaking of the coat of arms that decorates one of the 
title pages of this little pamphlet, it may be stated inci-r 
dentally that the tiger supporters would not be permissible 
now in England, as supporters are never used in England 
except when there is an actual existing title to be sup- 
ported, and as all the titles in the Tyrrell family, such as 
Tfn'i ' Mpfl. etr J have long since become extinct in Eng- 
land. The author has simply given the tigers in the illus- 
tration as having at one time formed part of the ancient 
coat of arms of the Tyrrells of Heron. 

Much valuable information as to the English branches 
of the family may be found in Burke's "Extinct and Dor- 
mant Baronetcies," a book easily found in the old book 
shops in England and possibly in some of the book stores 
of Boston and New York. Pages 536, 537, 538 and 539 
in that book are devoted to the lineage of the Tyrrell fam-r 
ily, from its first establishment in England by Sir Walter 
Tyrrell III. down to a late period in the eighteenth cen- 
tury. Burke remarks: "The family of Tirrell is one of 
great note and antiquity, and for more than 600 years its 
Chief, in a direct line, enjoyed the honor of Knighthood." 
In the long list of pedigrees in this book it will be noticed 
that the same differences exist in the manner of spelling 

— 24 — 

the surname that have been mentioned in M. D'Acy's book 
and also in the history of the family prepared by Mr. Tyr- 
rell. In Burke's list the name is frequently spelled Tirrell, 
Tyrrell, etc., and frequently the surname of the son is 
spelled differently from that of the father. All this goes 
to show that these different spellings were of one and the 
same family name, and that like many other old family 
surnames in England there have been many changes in the 
form of spelling from one generation to another. In Burke's 
list of the first five or six generations from Sir Walter 
Tyrrell III. down to Sir Edivurd Tyrrell, who married the 
Suffolk heiress by the name of Borgate, he makes a num- 
ber of errors, stating that the ancestor was succeeded in a 
direct line by, first, his son. Sir Henry Tyrrell; and the 
latter by Sir Richard; and he by Sir Edward; and he by 
Sir Geofrey; and he by Sir Lionel, etc., down to Sir Edward. 
In the more accurately prepared lists given in Mr. Tyrrell's 
elaborate history of the family, this is all shown to be an 
error, and the true descent was as follows: Sir Walter 
Tyrrell III. was succeeded by his son. Sir Hugh I., and he 
by Sir Hugh II., Prince of Poix, who was the ancestor who 
permanently established the family both in England and 
Ireland and who took part in the conquest of Ireland and 
in the Crusades. On the death of Sir Hugh II., his body 
was taken and deposited in the old mausoleum of the family 
in Picardy at Selincourt. He was succeeded in his titles 
and possessions in France, as has before been said, by his 
oldest son, Walter Tyrrell V. Another son, Richard, who 
was the second Baron of Castleknock, became the founder 
of the Irish branches of the family, and another son of 
Hugh II., Roger Tyrrell of Hampshire, who was a son by 
the second marriage with Marie de Senarpont, inherited his 
lands and possessions in England and became the founder 
of all the English branches of the family. Sir Roger Tyr- 
rell was succeeded by his son. Sir Edward, and he by his 
son. Sir Galfrid, and the son of Sir Galfrid was the Sir 
Edward Tyrrell who married Jane or Joan, the daughter 
and heiress of Sir William Borgate. The earlier members 
of the family in England, such as Sir Walter III., Sir Hugh 
I. and Sir Hugh II., spent much of their time still in France, 
living at times in their various chateaux in Picardy, and 


were still, to all intents and purposes, noblemen of Picardy 
as well as Barons in England. Sir Walter Tyrrell III., 
while living in one of his castles in Picardy, was visited 
there by Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

There is another error which is frequently met with in 
statements as to the prominent members of the Tyrrell 
family in early days, and that is, that the Chevalier Bayard 
du Terrail, the Knight "sans peur et sans reproche," was 
a distinguished member of the family. This statement is 
not true. The family name, or surname, of the Chevalier 
was Bayard, just as Tyrrell is the surname of the family 
in question. The affix, "du Terrail," was not a surname 
at all, but was simply an indication as to the locality from 
which the Chevalier's family came. The name Terrail in 
French means "pottery works," and is pronounced in 
French, as nearly as it can be expressed in English, "Ter- 
rye." This family was a Burgundian family from the east- 
ern borders of France, and the gallant Chevalier was born 
in that province of Burgundy known as Dauphine, and his 
family became entirely extinct a few generations after his 
death. This family of Bayard du Terrail had no connection 
whatever with the family of Tyrrell de Poix of Normandy 
and Picardy. 

During the investigations of the author of this pamphlet 
in the British Museum Library, he came across an interest- 
ing little brochure, published by Mr. Peter G. Laurie, called 
"The Tyrells of Heron, in the Parish of East Horndon." 
The author found this to be an exceedingly interesting ac- 
count of the County family of the Tyrrells which had been 
settled in Essex for over 500 yearsi on lands probably 
originally granted during the time of, or shortly after, the 
Conquest. These Tyrrells of Heron were descendants of 
Sir Roger Tyrrell of Hampshire, and their Manor House 
located near East Homdon was occupied by the family for 
a number of centuries, down to a period early in the seven- 
teenth century, when Sir John Tyrrell, who was born in 
1571, sold this Manor House and its lands, known as Heron 
Hall, and went to live at Springfield near Chelmsford in 
Essex County. The author read this pamphlet with great 
interest and opened up a correspondence from London with 
Mr. Laurie, who was temporarily occupying his beautiful 

— 26- 

country seat near East Horndon in Essex, known as 
"Heroncourt/ Herongate, near Brentwood, Essex. The 
result of this correspondence was that Mr. Laurie invited 
the author of this pamphlet and his wife to visit the place 
near his country seat, where the old Tyrrell Manor House, 
known as Heron Hall, had been located, and near which 
Was the old Tyrrell Chapel, in which were buried many 
niembers of the family back to the thirteenth century. Mr. 
Laurie kindly put himself at the service of the author and 
offered to accompany the party when the locality should 
be visited and to show the spots of interest in that neigh- 
borhood, inviting them afterwards most courteously to take 
tea under the shade of his beautiful oaks, where an Ameri- 
can descendant of this old Essex County family could have 
the opportunity of meeting the members of his family. So, 
in August, 1906, the author and his wife went down to the 
little station of Brentwood, on the main line of the Great 
Eastern Railway, about twenty miles northeast of London. 
Driving out to Mr. Laurie's place, the party met the courte- 
ous and scholarly gentleman, who rode with them to visit 
Tyrrell Chapel, located about a mile from his country seat. 
East Horndon is a village and parish on the road from 
Brentwood to Orsett and is about three miles south from 
Brentwood railway station and about twenty-two miles 
from London. The little church visited is cabled the Church 
of All Saints, and is an edifice of red brick, erected about 
the time of Henry V., and consists of a chancel and a large 
aisle on the south called the Tyrrell Chapel, and a smaller 
chapel on the north, a nave, transepts, south porch, and a 
massive but somewhat stunted tower at the west end con- 
taining four bells, the lower stage of which tower is used 
as a vestry. In the chancel floor is an interesting slab with 
inscription: "To Sir Thomas Tyrrell, son and heir of Sir 
John Tyrrell, Knight, and Alice, his wife," dated 1422. 
There are also monuments in the north and south chapels 
to other members of the family buried in the vaults below 
at different periods, among others. Sir John Tyrrell, died 
1675, and Dame Martha, his wife, died 1670. The chancel 
referred to is enriched with handsomely carved bosses. 
Against the south transept there is an altar tomb, said to 
be a memorial of the burial here of the heart of Queen Anne 

— 27 — 

Boleyn, who was beheaded May 19, 1536. The chapel on 
the north side is called the Marney Chapel; the name, 
Mamey, came from the marriage, in the early part of the 
sixteenth century, of Sir Thomas Tyrrell of Heron to Anna, 
daughter of Sir John Mamey, Knight, of Essex. High upon 
the wall of the old church in the interior, was fastened an 
ancient helmet, said to be part of the armor of old Sir 
John Tyrrell, who fought at the battle of Agincourt under 
Henry V. in 1415. The helmet has been placed in the 
church for many hundred years. Fastened to the top of 
the helmet, in bronze, was the crest of the Tyrrell family, 
the boar's head with the peacock's tail issuing from the 
mouth, towering above the helmet six or eight inches; as 
one might say, like the plume of Henry of Navarre. The 
helmet was battered here and there with dents received by 
the doughty old knight in battle. Also nailed up along side 
the helmet were the bronze jointed gauntlets of the old 
mediaeval hero. These relics of the church are carefully 
guarded and are held very sacred. In the vaults under the 
chapel were buried Sir James Tyrrell of Heron, 1476; Sir 
John Tyrrell, who distinguished himself in the Civil War 
in the time of Cromwell on the side of the King; Sir 
Charles, Sir Edward, and other members of the family. 
There was also a highly prized alabaster slab tablet to the 
memory of Lady Alice Tyrrell, upon which were outlined 
her figure and face, placed in the church in 1422, seventy 
years before America wtas discovered. This was Lady 
Alice, daughter of Sir William Coggeshall and wife of Sir 
John Tyrrell, of Agincourt fame. The mother of this Lady 
Alice Tyrrell was Antiocha, who was the daughter of the 
famous English soldier. Sir John Hawkwood, Knight, of 
Essex, who for many years, during the wars between the 
Guelphs and Ghibellines in Italy, was the commanding gen- 
eral of the armies of Florence. A magnificent portrait of 
him was seen by the author of this pamphlet in 1906 hang- 
ing in the Duomo or Cathedral at Florence, Italy. The little 
church at East Horndon is now undergoing restoration, 
and all of these relics iare most carefully preserved and pro- 
tected. A rectory house was built in 1877 at the village of 
Herongate. The village is about three-quarters of a mile 
north of the church. About a mile from the old chapel and 

— 28 -- 

about a quarter of a mile from the village of Herongate 
is the site of the old Manor House of Heron Hall, the home 
of the Tyrrells of Heron for over five hundred years. Heron 
Hall was built in the thirteenth or fourteenth century. It 
was an imposing edifice constructed of brick, with a large 
central quadrangular court, and an extensive terrace on the 
east side, and was entirely surrounded by a moat. At each 
of the four comers stood massive round towers. The old 
building was destroyed about a hundred years ago or more, 
and no trace of it can now be seen; but the old moat which 
surrounded the Hall is still in existence and contains water ; 
a small portion of the old garden wall is also still to be 
seen. The Hall was located on a noble site, commanding a 
view of twenty miles of the valley of the Thames and the 
hills of Kent on the other side of the river. The plan of 
old Heron Hall, as it formerly existed, made in 1788, may 
still be seen at the residence of Mr. Laurie, known as Heron- 
court. Mr. Laurie himself is a vestryman in the old church, 
and being of antiquarian tastes and having lived in this 
part of Essex County for many years, he prepared his 
pamphlet on this old Essex County family on account of the 
local interest attaching to it. As he explained to the 
author on this visit, it was a family which dominated this 
portion of England for many centuries, and its members 
held the very highest positions in the County. That par- 
ticular local branch living in this part of the County had 
died out in the latter part of the eighteenth century, when 
its last member, the Countess of Arran, died. 

During this same month of August, 1906, the author of 
this pamphlet visited the old University town of Oxford, 
and, in looking over the Alumni registers of that Univer- 
sity, he found that Sir Timothy Tyrrell of Oakley in Bucks, 
as well as his son. Sir Timothy 11. , were both graduates of 
the University of Oxford. These members of the family 
are referred to in Evelyn's Diary as living in a beautiful 
country seat near Oxford, called Shotover, (from the 
French, Chateau Vert). The name of this Sir Timothy 
Tyrrell will be found in Burke's book above referred to in 
these notes, on page 538 in a foot note. It has generally 
been considered in the traditions of the Virginia Tyrrells 
that the first Virginia ancestor was a descendant of this 

— 29 — 

Sir Timothy Tyrrell of Oakley in Bucks. The date, of the 
arrival of the first members of the Tyrrell family in Vir- 
ginia seems to be involved in some obscurity. It is a tra- 
dition that a Thomas Terrell (or Tyrrell) arrived in Vir- 
ginia about 1637, and a James TyrreU in 1648, but nothing 
has ever been learned as to these two immigrants, or as 
to any descendants from them. It is known, however, that 
Richmond and William Tyrrell, or Terrell, arrived in Vir- 
ginia from England about the middle of the seventeenth 
century. The author of this pamphlet is a lineal descendant 
in direct line from William Terrell, one of these first two 
immigrants, and the line of his descent from this ancestor 
will be given hereinafter. In the old colonial land records 
at Richmond, Va., in the first mention made of William's 
arrival and his connection with lands, his surname is spelled 
"Tyrrell." In the same records, where the first mention 
is made of his brother Richmond, the name of the latter is 
spelled "Tirrell." There is a deed referred to in the William 
and Mary Quarterly, Volume 13, page 264, whereby Rich- 
mond Terrell conveys to Henry Wyatt a tract of land in 
New Kent County, Va. The date of the deed is April 29, 
1670, and in it the grantor reserves 100 acres, which he 
says he had previously given unto his brother William Ter- 
rell, and which has since been sold by the latter to Francis 
Waring. This deed clearly shows that Richmond and Wil- 
liam were brothers. 

The traditions among the descendants of William and 
Richmond Terrell are sometimes contradictory as to just 
where in England the two brothers came from, and as to 
the exact year of their arrival. They are all in accord, 
however, in saying that the two came from the old family 
of the Tyrrells in England and were descendants of the 
stock established there by Sir Walter Tyrrell III. As be- 
fore stated, the tradition generally relied upon is that 
William and Richmond were the sons of William Tyrrell, 
who was the son of Sir Timothy Tyrrell I. of Oakley. This 
Sir Timothy Tyrrell was the son of Sir Edward Tyrrell of 
Thornton and belonged to that branch of the Englisn fam- 
ily known as the Tyrrells of Thornton, who were an off- 
shoot of the Tyrrells of Heron. This William Tyrrell, son 
of Sir Timothy Tyrrell I., was killed at the battle of Chester 

— 80 — 

in 1644, during the Civil War in England. Richmond and 
William Terrell were both large land owners in Virginia 
at a very early period after their arrival. The family tra- 
ditions are that they came to Virginia with some sort of 
official authority in connection with the crown lands in 
Virginia, either as surveyors or in some other important 
capacity. It has generally been supposed that the large 
grants of land received by both of these immigrants came 
for their services in connection with their official position. 
It is a significant fact that the Christian name of Timothy 
was largely used in the first two or three generations of 
the descendants of both Richmond and William, and that 
among the children of William were five who bore the exact 
Christian names of five of the children and grandchildren 
of Sir Timothy Tyrrell of Oakley in Bucks. As to whether 
these two Virginia colonists, Richmond and William Terrell, 
were lineally descended from Sir Timothy Tyrrell I., or 
from Sir Edward of Thornton, is not yet quite clearly 
established in the mind of the author of this pamphlet; 
but that they came from the old stock of the Tyrrells of 
Heron, and probably the Tyrrells of Thornton, is substan- 
tially established in many ways. Among the descendants 
of William now living in the State of Georgia, there is an 
old gold watch, said to have been brought over by William 
from England, and still held in the family as a valuable 
relic, which has engraved upon it the old crest of the Tyr- 
rells of Heron, namely, the crest of the boar's head with 
the peacock's tail issuing therefrom. Moreover, there is 
another branch of the family in Virginia an old ring, hand- 
ed down from many generations back in that State, with 
the same crest engraved thereon. 

Sir Timothy Tyrrell I. of Oakley was the son of Sir 
Edward Tyrrell of Thornton, as before stated, and a de- 
scendant of the Tyrrells of Heron, and was born in 1575. 
In the correspondence which the author has had for a year 
past with Mr. J. H. Tyrrell, the English historian of the 
family, Mr. Tyrrell has intimated that the Virginia ancestor 
of the family probably came from the branch known in 
England as the Tyrrells of Thornton. In a letter dated June 
9, 1908, from Mr. Tyrrell to the author, giving his views on 
this subject, he says among other things, "It may interest 

— 81 — 

you to know that no matter from what branch of the Eng- 
lish house the American families come, they are of Royal 
descent, as you will see by the enclosed chart, which do not 
trouble yourself to return to me." Included in this letter 
was a very elaborate chart, carefully prepared by Mr. 
Tyrrell from the authorities so accessible in England, show- 
ing the line of descent from Edward /., King of England, 
and Eleanor of Castile, his wife, to Sir Edward Tyrrell of 
Thornton, through the marriage of Joan Plantagenet, the 
daughter of Edward /., to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- 
cester. Joan Plantagenet is sometimes called in history 
Joan of Acre, as she was bom during the siege of Acre in 
the Crusades, where Edward I., then Prince of Wales, was 
taking part, accompanied by Eleanor of Castile, his wife. 

There are doubtless many families in America who are 
descended from Royal ancestors, but it is not always easy 
to establish this fact by accurate lists of the marriages and 

In a Republic like that of the United States, where 
transcendent genius, relying upon character, industry and 
opportunity, can enable a man to rise from the depths of 
poverty and obscurity to the loftiest station of usefulness, 
honor and fame, like the immortal Abraham Lincoln, de- 
scent from Royalty, no matter how regular and honorable, 
seems of trivial importance indeed. In many cases, the 
character of a Sovereign has been so disreputable or vicious 
that to have him as an ancestor would be anything but 
creditable. However, as Edward Plantagenet (Edward I. 
of England), was a great law giver, soldier and statesman, 
and probably the ablest King that England ever had, one 
whose strong personality, keen intelligence and vigorous 
character were deeply impressed upon English history, it 
may possibly be a matter of curious genealogical interest 
for descendants of this old English County family to read 
the line of descent so carefully prepared by Mr. Tyrrell, 
showing the lineage of the Tyrrells of Thornton from the 
Plantagenet King. Therefore, the author will here insert 
the chart which was sent to him as above described. 

— 82- 

Royal Descent of English Branch of Tyrrell, 
From the Two Marriages of Joan Plantagenet. 

Edward I. King of England m. Eleanor of Castile; 


Joan Plantagenet m. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester; 
Eleanor de Clare m. Hugh Despencer, Earl of Gloucester; 
Isabel Despencer m. Richard Fitzalan, 5th Earl of Arundel ; 
Philippa Fitzalan m. Sir Richard Serjeaux; 
Elizabeth Serjeaux m. Sir William Marney ; 
Sir John Marney m. Agnes Throckmorton; 
Anna Marney m. Sir Thomas Tyrrell of Heron ; 

Sir William m. Eleanor Sir Thomas Tyrrell m. Elizabeth 
Tyrrell D' Arcy. of Ockendeii \ Le Brun ; 

William Tyrrell m. Elizabeth Bodley ; 

Humphrey Tyrrell m. Jane Ingleton; 
of Thornton. 

George Tyrrell. 

— 33- 

After the death of Joan's first husband, the Earl of 
Gloucester, she jnarried a second time, her second husband 
being Ralf de Monthenner. The line of descent from this 
second marriage was as follows : 

Her son, Sir Thomas Monthermer m. Margaret ; 

Margaret Monthermer m. Sir John de Montacute; 
Sir Simon Montacute m. Elizabeth Boughton; 
Thomas Montagu m. Christian Bassett ; 
John Montagu m. Alice Halcot ; 
William Montagu m. Mary Butline ; 
Richard Montagu m. Agnes Knotting ; 
Thomas Montagu m. Agnes Dudley; 
Sir Edward Montagu, Chief Justice, m. Helen Roper; 
Eleanor Montagu. 

— 34 — 

George Tyrrell, who was descended from the first mar- 
riage of Joan Plantagenet, married Eleanor Montagu, who 
was descended from the second marriage of Joan. Their 
oldest son was Sir Edward Tyrrell of Thornton, who mar- 
ried, first, Mary Lee, and, second, Margaret Aston. From 
the first marriage Sir Edward had a son. Sir Edward Tyr- 
rell, Baronet, of Thornton, who married Elizabeth Kings- 
miU, daughter of Sir William Kingsmill, who was also of 
Royal descent. By the second marriage of Sir Edward 
Tyrrell of Thornton he had a son. Sir Timothy Tyrrell I. 
of Oakley in Bucks, who married Eleanor Kingsmill, also 
a daughter of Sir William Kingsmill From this chart it 
will easily be seen that there were three branches of the 
family, all of which were descended from Joan Plantagenet, 
namely, the branch headed by Sir William Tyrrell, who 
married Eleanor D'Arcy, and the two branches headed re- 
spectively by Sir Edward Tyrrell, Baronet, and Sir Timothy 
I. of Oakley. 

Sir Timothy Tyrrell I. was Master of the Buckhounds 
to King James I. and King Charles I. He was succeeded in 
his title by his oldest son. Sir Timothy Tyrrell IL, who 
was of Oakley in Bucks, and also of Shotover in the County 
of Oxford. The latter was also of the Privy Chamber of 
King Charles I.; he was Colonel in the Royal Army, Gov- 
ernor of Cardiff, and General of the Ordnance. One of his 
sons, James Tyrrell, was a historian of some distinction, 
having written a general history of England in five vol- 
umes. In M. D'Acy's book, referred to in the foregoing 
part of these notes, he speaks of the historian, James Tyr- 
rell, as a descendant of the old Norman-French family of 
Tyrrell de Poix, and mentions the fact that this James 
Tyrrell had written considerably on the subject of the old 
family in France. 

As to the place in England from which Richmond and 
William Terrell came, there is much obscurity, owing to 
the absence of documentary evidence on that point and to 
the long period that has elapsed, about two hundred and 
fifty years, since they came to the colony. One tradition 
is that they came directly from Richmond, England; and 
it is somewhat significant in this connection that the resi- 
dence of Sir Timothy Tyrrell 1., while he was an official 

— 85 — 

member of the household of King Charles I., must have 
been in the neighborhood of Richmond, as the residence of 
the Stuart Kings was at Hampton Court nearby. It has 
been insisted by some that the first Tyrrells in Virginia 
came from England via the West Indies. It is known that 
Usher Tyrrell, one of the sons of Sir Timothy II., located 
himself in Jamaica. He had married a daughter of Van 
Tromp, the Dutch Admiral, and had children. At that 
early date the route via the West Indies was frequently 
taken by the colonial immigrants. Bristol, on the west 
coast of England, was quite accessible to the Tyrrells in 
Oxford and Bucks ; and equally so, probably, was the route 
down the Thames, which would also be convenient to any 
member of the old stock left still in Essex, as Langham, 
Ramsey-Tyrrells, Boreham House, Springfield, Thornton, 
Heron Hall, and other places in Essex, where the Tyrrells 
had lived and flourished in the thirteenth, fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries, were all within a short distance of that 
river. The Civil Wars in England caused the emigration 
of many members of the old cavalier families, especially 
the younger sons who could not inherit under the laws of 
primogeniture, to the colony of Virginia. The Tyrrells 
ha4 largely taken the losing side in the conflict, and some 
of the more adventurous spirits among the younger mem- 
bers of the family evidently desired to shake the dust of 
England from their feet and seek their fortunes in the 
new world. William and Richmond may not have left Eng- 
land until after the Restoration of Charles II., although 
Richmond is said to have arrived as early as 1656. 

Therefore, being members of a family which had been 
loyal to King Charles I. in his great contest with Parliament, 
they may have obtained under the Restoration from Charles 
II. some authoritative position with reference to the crown 
lands or Royal hunting grounds in the colony of Virginia. 
Reference Has been made herein already to the tradition 
in the family that the first ancestors came out from Eng- 
land under some such Jloyal authority. 

The Tyrrell family m Ireland has produced many men 
of great distinction in the history of that country. Many 
were conspicuous in the wars that have devastated Ireland, 
and a number who have headed the different branches of 

the family in that country have borne the title of Baron 
and have been distinguished as owners of imposing castles 
and large possessions of lands. Many of these Irish Tyr- 
rells were graduates of Trinity College, Dublin, and occu- 
pied many high positions in connection with the Corpora- 
tion of that city. 

All along through the pages of English history from the 
thirteenth century down, the members of the family have 
been distinguished for patriotic and conspicuous service to 
their country. Sir John Tyrrell fought with the Black 
Prince in 1356 at the battle of Poitiers. Reference has al- 
ready been made to the presence of old Sir John Tyrrell, 
High Sheriff of Essex, at the battle of Agincourt in 1415. 
Sir William Tirrell was killed at the battle of Barnett in 
1471, fighting desperately at the side of Warwick, the King 
Maker. Another Sir William Tyrrell was executed during 
the Wars of the Roses as a Lancastrian in 1461. The only 
member of the family, in these early days, who seems to 
have disgraced the family, was Sir James Tyrrell, who 
was a supporter of Richard III., and who has been charged 
with having caused the murder of the two sons of Edward 
IV. in the Tower of London, at the behest of his Sovereign. 
This Sir James was a son of Sir William Tyrrell of Gipping 
in Suffolk, who was a descendant of the Tyrrells of Heron. 
During the great Civil War in England between Parliament 
and Charles I., many members of the family, as has been 
said, were distinguished for loyal services, mainly in the 
Royal army. Notably among them was Sir John Tyrrell; 
whose wife was Martha, daughter of Sir Laurence Wash- 
ington of Wiltshire, who was of the same family as the 
illustrious George Washington. These are the "Sir John" 
and "Dame Martha" hereinbefore referred to as being 
buried in Tyrrell Chapel. Sir Thomas Tyrrell, Judge of 
the Common Pleas, was one of the Commissioners of the 
Great Seal to Oliver Cromwell, and seems to have been one 
of the few of the family who were on the side of Parlia- 
ment. Sir John Tyssen Tyrrell of Boreham House, near 
Chelmsford in Essex, a descendant of Sir Thomas Tyrrell 
of Heron, died in 1877. The representative of this branch of 
the family now in England is Colonel John Tufnell-Tyrrell. 
There is a tablet in Westminster Abbey to the memory of 

— 87 — 

Richard Tyrrell, who was a distinguished Admiral in the 
naval service of England in the eighteenth century and was 
a member of one of the Irish branches of the family. All 
the evidence points to the fact that the family was what is 
known in England as an old County family, the members 
of which were always prompt to go to the front when duty 
called. The position of High Sheriff of Essex County, 
which in England is a position of great note and dignity, 
was held for many years by different members of the fam- 
ily. Old Sir John Tyrrell, who fought at Agincourt, was 
repeatedly elected Speaker of the House of Commons in the 
fifteenth century. Sir Timothy Tyrrell IL was famous for 
his princely hospitality at his beautiful country place six 
miles from the city of Oxford. Everyone who is descended 
from this old historic family may feel proud of the fact 
that it was a representative of good Norman-English stock ; 
and that in the various positions which its members occu- 
pied in the civil and military history of their country, they 
generally and uniformly conferred high credit upon the 
family. They never seem to have forgotten that their fore- 
fathers had been leaders of men, prominent in the early 
history of France and taking conspicuous parts in the Cru- 

In concluding these notes, the author of this sketch de- 
sires to give his own line of descent from his Virginia 
ancestors. He has been a resident of San Antonio, Texas, 
for over thirty years, and is a native of Indiana. His father 
was Williamson Terrell, who was bom in Clark County, 
Kentucky, June 12, 1805; his mother was Martha Jarrell, 
who was born in Frankfort, Kentucky, in 1808. She was 
the daughter of James Jarrell and Rachel Powell, his wife, 
who both came to Kentucky from Dover, Delaware. Wil- 
liamson Terrell was the son of Captain John Terrell, who 
distinguished himself in the early Indian campaigns in the 
West, under Harmar, St. Clair and Wayne, and who was 
present at Harmar's defeat and at Wayne's great victory 
over the Miami Indians at the battle of the Maumee Rapids, 
or "Fallen Timbers," August 20, 1794. The author's grand- 
father. Captain John Terrell, was bom in Spotsylvania 
County, Virginia, April 3, 1772, and moved to Kentucky 
with his father in 1787. John Terrell married Abigail 

Allan, the author's grandmother, who was the daughter of 
Archibald ADan of Albemarle County, Virginia, and who 
was the sister of Chilton Allan, the famous Kentucky law- 
yer, who represented the Ashland district in Congress for 
ten years after Henry Clay had been sent to the Senate. 
The writer's great-grandfather was Henry Terrell, Henry 
Terrell II., as he is called in the family, to distinguish him 
from his own father, who was also named Henry. Henry 
Terrell II. was born in Caroline County, Virginia, March 
29, 1735. He married Mary Tyler, who was the daughter 
of Captain William Tyler, and who was born in Virginia 
in 1743. The father of Henry Terrell II. was Henry Terrell 
I., as he is called, who was a lawyer and wealthy planter 
and who lived near Golansville, in Caroline County, but 
who was born in Hanover County, Virginia. Henry Terrell 
I. was bom about the year 1695 and died in 1760. A copy 
of his will is in the possession of his descendant, Colonel 
Lynch M. Terrell of Atlanta, Ga., together with a copy of 
the inventory of his estate; and they show that he was a 
man of large wealth, as property values went at that early 
day in the colony. He left large, improved tracts of land 
to each of his several sons, and disposed in his will of a 
large amount of personal property. Henry Terrell I. was 
a man of considerable influence in the colony ; as was quite 
common in that day, he combined several occupations and 
was a lawyer, a merchant and a planter. He made large 
shipments of goods for the use of his plantations from the 
port of Bristol in England, and he exported the surplus 
products of his land, being a large producer especially of 
tobacco. He was somewhat proud of his family lineage; 
lived in the comfortable style of a country gentleman, and 
was rather aristocratic in his ways and bearing. He was 
married twice; first, to Annie Chiles, a young lady of a 
family then quite well known and distinguished in the early 
colonial history of Virginia, several members of that family 
having been members of the House of Burgesses, and one 
a Lieutenant Colonel of Virginia Militia. Secondly, Henry 
Terrell I. married Sarah Woodson, the daughter of Tarlton 
Woodson. The great-grandfather of the writer of this 
pamphlet, Henry Terrell II., was a son by the first mar- 
riage with Annie Chiles. Henry Terrell I. was one of the 

— 39 — 

younger sons of the Virginia ancestor, William Tyrrell or 
Terrell, (as the name is written both ways in the early 
colonial land records). The wife of William Terrell was 
Susannah Waters; and the tradition in the family is that 
Susannah came from England to America to meet and 
marry her husband, William, accompanied by a retinue of 
servants and escorted by her husband's brother. There is 
even a romantic story connected with their marriage. It 
is said that the family of William in England was Catholic, 
but that while he was a student at the University of Ox- 
ford he became a Protestant, thus deeply angering his fam- 
ily ; that he had courted Susannah, who was also of Catholic 
family, many of the old English families still being ad- 
herents of that faith at that time. William went to the 
Virginia colony thus somewhat under his family's dis- 
pleasure; he was followed later on by Susannah, escorted, 
as above stated, by his brother; and the marriage took place 
in Virginia. Of course this is all tradition and it cannot 
be stated to have any very solid foundation. 

The oldest son of William and Susannah Terrell was 
named Timothy, and the descendants of this son Timothy 
are quite numerous today in Indiana, Missouri and Colo- 
rado. As before stated, it is rather significant that for 
several generations there was always a Timothy among 
the descendants of both William and Richmond. There was 
one daughter of the marriage of William and Susannah 
whose name was Anna,^ and who married David Lewis, from 
which marriage there are many descendants among the 
oldest families in the State of Virginia. Another son of 
William and Susannah was David Terrell, who married 
Agatha Chiles, a sister of the Annie Chiles who had married 
his brother, Henry Terrell I. From this marriage of David 
Terrell and Agatha Chiles are descended numerous 
branches of the family in Texas and other southern states ; 
and among David's descendants is the Hon. A. W. Terrell, 
of Austin, Texas, now in his eighty-second year, and still 
a man of great physical and intellectual vigor, who has been 
prominently identified with the history of Texas for nearly 
sixty years, and who was the American Minister to Turkey 
during the last administration of President Cleveland. 
Among the descendants of another son of William, the an- 

, — 40 — 

cestor, Joel, is the Hon. Joseph M. Terrell, lately Governor 
of Georgia; and there are also many descendants of this 
son still living in that State. There are also many de- 
scendants in Virginia and other southern states of Rich- 
mond, the brother of William, and one of the first two 
ancestors in Virginia. William Terrell, the ancestor, lived 
in St. Paul's Parish, Hanover County, Virginia, and he and 
his wife, Susannah, were both members of the established 
church, (Episcopal). This fact may lend some color of 
truth to the story of their both having recanted from the 
Catholic faith in England. There is a deed on record in 
Virginia from William and Susannah Terrell to their son, 
Henry Terrell, dated March 16, 1725, for a tract of 400 
acres of land situated in King William County. William 
Terrell, the ancestor in Virginia, died at a very advanced 
age in 1727. 

The writer of this little pamphlet has never specially 
interested himself in tracing down the various branches of 
the American Terrells from their original Virginia ances- 
tors, and has no special knowledge on this subject further 
than that of knowing his own direct descent from William 
Terrell. Other members of the family, notably two cousins 
of the author, the late General W. H. H. Terrell, of In- 
dianapolis, and his brother. Colonel Lynch M. Terrell, of 
Atlanta, Ga., have most industriously and thoroughly en- 
gaged during the last twenty years in accumulating a vast 
amount of information on the different branches of the 
family, descended from the two Virginia ancestors. The 
author of this sketch has only sought to investigate care- 
fully the early history of the Norman-French progenitors 
of the stock and the English forefathers, and to trace the 
direct connection between the first Virginia ancestors and 
the particular branch of the TjnTells of Heron from which 
they undoubtedly came. This work has been done from 
time to time, in the leisure moments of a busy professional 
life; and if the results of his researches as set forth in this 
pamphlet shall prove to be interesting to the many mem- 
bers of the family throughout the United States, the author 
will be amply compensated for his labors. He desires, in 
concluding these notes, to express in this public manner, 
the deep sense of obligation he feels to Mr. Joseph Henry 

— 41 — 

Tsrrrell, the English historian of the family, for ilie kind 
consideration he has received at his hands and for the many 
extremely valuable suggestions he has made from time to 
time by way of aid to the author in his researches and in 
the preparation of this little pamphlet. 

The descendants of this old Essex County family, thus 
transplanted to Virginia soil some two hundred and fifty 
years ago, have worthily maintained in America the sturdy 
and patriotic qualities characteristic of their stock in the 
mother country. As governors, senators, judges, and other 
prominent officers in the civil administration of their state 
and nation, they have taken their full share of honors and 
credit. In the wars on the borders of Virginia in colonial 
days ; at Guilford Court House, King's Mountain and York- 
town in the Revolution; in the Indian campaigns in the 
West under Harmar, Wayne and Harrison; at Talladega, 
the Horseshoe Bend and New Orleans under the indomita- 
ble Jackson; at Shiloh, Perryville, Cedar Creek, Cold Har- 
bor, and on many other desperate battle fields of the late 
Civil War, both in the Federal and Confederate armies, 
the American descendants of the old Norman-French fam- 
ily of Tyrrell de Poix have nobly sustained with their cour- 
age and blood the chivalric record established by their 
knightly forefathers at the siege of Acre in the Crusades, 
and at Cr6cy, Poitiers and Agincourt.