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T O R O N T O 




Seven ttundred and Eighty Co]ies trinted ; 
type distributed No    


Collected and Edited 
PÆofe,sor of Engli,8 Language and LiteÆatuÆe in che Uni,eÆ,i of Sheel« 




MARGINALIA (preçedcd by a list of books con- 
taining Harvey's signatures or MS. additions) 77 
APPENDIX I (Thomas Baker's transcripts) . OE 16 
APPENDIX II (Marginalia in Speght's Chaucer) 
NOTES 235 
INDEX . 313 

t CHAUCER » I 598 . 
Jo.N HARVtV's Housr 4 
In pcher ut 
the end of 
SPEGHT'S  CHAUCER' tbe olume 


Tu/ general intention and scope of this book will be 
gathered from the Introduction which follows ; but after 
that Introduction and most of the following pages were 
printed off, the book received a most important addition 
in the new set of marginalia drawn ffom Harvey's copy 
of Speght's Cbaucer ( 598). 
These marginalia in their bearing on the date of 
ttamlet were discussed by Malone, Steevens, and Bishop 
Percy (the possessor) in the cighteenth century. Since 
then, it has been supposed that the book perished in 
a tire at Northumberland House (see p. 86). Although 
Mrs. Stopes assured me three years ago that this was 
an error, I was no nearer getting access to the volume, 
till Sir Ernest Clarke kindly informed me much more 
recently that he had been permitted to see it at the house 
of the lady who now owns it, herself a great-grand- 
daughter of Bishop Percy. After some further corre- 
spondence he was able to convey Miss Meade's very 
kind invitation to me to see the book. This invitation 
1 accepted with alacrity, and to crown my happiness, 
Miss Meade most cordially allowed me to publish the 
notes and photographic fac-similes. My readers will join 
me in gratitude to her for her generosity, and to Sir Ernest 
Clarke for his very great kindness in the matter. 
The special interest which these marginalia bave is 
twofold. First, they give Harvey's views of a later 
group of English poets and writers than any whom he 

viii Preface 

mentions in the previous marginalia, and this group 
includes Shakespeare. They are the most decisive 
proof we bave of Harvey's openness of mind and 
freedom from pedantry. Secondly, as was seen in the 
eighteenth century, one note, that on pp. OE3 OE, OE33, 
has a most important bearing on the date of Shakespeare's 
The following extract from J. o. Halliwell-Phillipps' 
&Iemoranda on the Tragedy of Hamlet, i879 (kindly 
copied for me by Sir Ernest Clarke) will show the 
different views taken ofthe note at different times by 
Emund Malone :D 
p. 46: There was once in existence a copy of Speght's 
edition of Chaucer, 1598 , with manuscript notes by Gabriel 
Harvey, one of those notes being in the following terms:D 
«'-l'he younger sort take much delight in Shakespear's Venus 
and Adonis, but his Lucrece and his tragedy of Hamlet Prince 
of Denmarke bave it in them to please the wiser sort.' This 
note was first printed in 1766 by Steevens, who gives the year 
1598 as the date of its insertion in the volume, but, observes 
Dr. Ingleby, we are unable to verify Steevens' note or collate 
his copy, for the book wbich contained Harvey's note passed 
into the collection of Bishop Percy, and his library was burnt 
in the tire at Northumberland House'.  Under these circum- 
stances one can only add the opinions of those who bave had 
the opportunity of inspecting the volume. Firstly, from a 
lettcr of Percy to Malone, 18o3, 'In the passage wbich extolls 
Shakespeare's tragedy Spenser is quoted by name among out 
flourishing metricians. Now this edition of Chaucer was 
 Itis curious that this statement should have been made again and again for 
three-quarters of a century when, as Sir Ernest Clarke bas pointed out to me, 
Joseph Cradock in his Literary and llisc«llaneous lernoir (8z8) had already 
denied the fact. ' It bas becn asserted that Dr. Percy sustained great losses at the 
tire at Northumberland house : but I [Cradock] vas present when his apartments 
were in flames, and can nov explicitly declare that ail his books and papers vere 
safely removed.' (I. p. 43-) 

Preface ix 

published in 598, and Spenser's deatb is ascertained to have 
been in Jauary,  598-9, so that these passages were ail written 
in  598, and provcs that Hamlct was writtcn before that year, 
as ),ou have fixed it'. Secondly, from aletter from Malone to 
Percy, written also in 8o3, in which he gives reasons for 
controverting this opinion, when I was in Dublin I remember 
),ou thought that, though Harvey had written 1598 in his 
book, it did hOt follow from thence that his remarks were then 
writtcn ; whilst, on the other hand, I contended that, from the 
mention of Spenser, they should seem to have been written in 
that year ; so that, like the two Reynoldses, 1 we bave changed 
sides and each converted the other ; for I bave now no doubt 
that these observations were written in a subsequent year. 
The words that deceive are, our now  flourishing metricians, by 
which Harvey does hot mean now living but now admired or 
in vogue; and what proves this is that in his catalogue he 
mixes the living and the dead, for Thomas Watson was dead 
before 593- ,Vith respect to Axiophilus I think you will 
agree with me hereafter that hot Spenser, but another person, 
was meant. Having more than once named Spenser, there 
could surely be no occasion to use an), mysterious appellation 
with respect to that poet. My theory is that Harvey bought 
the book in I598 on its pub}ication and then sat down to 
read it, and that his observations were afterwards inserted at 
various timcs. That passage, which is at the very end and 
subjoined to Lydgate's catalogue, one may reasonably suppose 
was hot written till after he had perused the whole volume'., from Malone's observations on the date of the tragedy, 
ed. I821, ii. 369, In a former edition of this essay I was 
induced to suppose that Hamlet must have been written prior 
lin Notes and Qu¢ries, 11 S. 1 viii, p. 3  (I6 Aug., 93), Professor Bensly 
kindly explains this reference. According to Yullcr' Cbur«h Hitory, x, pp. 47, 48 
(655) John Reynolds, or Rainolds, the author of Th" Overtbro of Stage Play 
wa originally a Papier and his hrother William a Protestant. By mutual disputa- 
tion they converted each other and so gave occasion to W. Alabaster's epigrarr 
 Bella inter gcmino plusquam civilia fratres' &c. Anthony  Wood in his ltbenoe 
(ed. Bliss» , 6  3) questions the truth of the story and says it tests on disputes carried 
on betv¢een John and Edmund Rainolds, hOt however to the conversion of each 
other.  The worà «now' àoes hot appear in the original MS. 

x Preface 

to 1598 , from thc loosc manner in wh/ch Mr. Stccvcns has 
mentioned a manuscript note by Gabriel Harvey in a copy, 
which had belonged to him, of Speght's edition of Chaucer, in 
which, we are told, he has set down Hamlet as a performance 
with which he was well acquainted in the year 598. But I 
bave been favoured by Dr. Percy, thc possessor of the book 
referred to, with an inspection of it; and, on an attentive 
cxamination, I have round reason to believe, that the note in 
question may have been written in the latter end of the year 
6oo. Harvey doubtless purchased this volume in  598, having, 
both at the beginning and end of it, written his name. But it 
by no means follows that ail the int«rmediate remarks which 
are scattered throughout were put down at the same time. He 
.,peaks of Trans/ated Tasso in one passage; and the first edition 
of Fairfax, which is doubtless alludcd to, appeared in  6oo.' 
Everything turns, as Malone said, on the meaning 
of the phrase 'our flourishing metricians', ls Harvcy 
referring to men whom he believed at the moment to 
be still alive ? or merely to men whose works were 
still sought after ? 
If the former, the note was clearly written before 
January, I .ç99, the date of Spenser's death, about which 
it was impossible for him tobe mistaken. We must, 
however, then suppose that Owen's Epigrams though 
hot published till 16o6 wcre already known to him in 
manuscript: and furthera more difficult supposition 
that he had forgotten that Thomas Watson had died 
in I .9 OE. If thcse suppositions appear possible, we may 
date the note I _9 8, the year in which the volume came 
into his banals. No difficulty arises from the mention 
of a translation of Tasso, for though Fairfax's translation 
first appeared in I6OO, Carew's translation of part of 
Tasso had been published in I .ç94- 

Preface xi 

If we consider I-Iarve), to bave included among 
our flourishing metricians' men whom he knew to be 
dead, the note ma), of course bave been written after 
Spenser's death. But how long after ? 
Malone says it 'may have been written in the latter 
end of the year I6cc'. He gives no reason except 
that Fairfax's Tasso had appeared in 16cc, and that in 
itself would not exclude a much later date for the note. 
Malone means, as I take it, merel), that the note for 
the reason mentioned could not well have been written 
before the end of 16cc. But could it bave been written 
much after that ? To my mind the words 'The Earle 
of Essex much commendes Albions England' are here 
decisive. They imply that Essex was alive, and we 
know that he perished in February, I6cI. 
/kccordingly, interpreting ' our flourishing metricians' 
to include men known to be dead, we arrive at the con- 
clusion that Harvey's note was written between some 
time in 1598 , when the Cb,Jucer came into his hands, 
and February, 16ci. 
The general result is that the note was certainl), 
written before Februar),, 16ci, and possibl), in the 
latter part of I598. Whenever the note was written, 
Shakespeare's Hamlet was already well known: from 
which it follows that the usually accepted date for the 
first performance of the drama, 16coE, is almost certainl), 
two years, possibly four years too late. That date has 
been arrived at, I suppose, by three considerations: 
first, that Meres in his Palladis Tamia (1598) knows 
nothing of Hamlet; second, that the entry of the pla), 

xii Preface 

in thc Stationers' Register on OE6th July, 16ooE, contains 
the words, 'as yt was latelie Acted by the Lo: 
Chamberleyn his servantes'; third, that the passage 
relating to the 'aery of eyases' (which, however, may 
hot bave been in Shakespeare's original text) appears to 
bclong to the end of 16Ol, or beginning of 16o°. 1 
These considerations in themselves do not seem to 
preclude the possibility that the play had appeared as 
early at least as ,6oo, if hot as early as the end of 
Ten years have passed since 1 began to collect 
Harvey's marginalia, and it is hardly possible for me 
to enumerate all the kind friends who have in different 
ways and at different times assisted me in my work. 
Certain of them, however, must not pass unmentioned. 
The Rev. J. T. Steele, Vicar of Saffron Walden, kindly 
gave me free access to the Registers of the Church, 
while Mr. Voynich, Mr. Ellis of New Bond Street, 
and Mr. F. T. Sabin allowed me permission to copy 
marginalia from books in their possession at the time. 
In copying the notes from Harvey's book in the Saffron 
Walden Museum, I owed much to the kind attention 
of the Curator, Mr. G. Maynard. I am indebted to 
my friend Professor Gollancz and to the Committee 
of the Saffron Walden Museum for trusting me for a 
short time with their very valuable books. When 1 
was at a distance and was in doubt about a reading, the 
information was kindly sent me by Dr. R. B. McKerrow, 
Mr. Walter Worrall of Oxford, or Mr. A. Esdaile or 

I See CW. Wallace, Cbddren ofthe Chapd pp. 173-185. 

Preface xiii 

Mr. A. I. Ellis ofthe British Museum. To Dr. McKer- 
row in particular I owe help, freely given, in many 
different ways. Some of my notes corne from him : 
still more from another friend, Professor E. Bensly 
of Aberystwith, who in the kindest manner put his 
extraordinary knowledge of out-of-the-way sources at 
my service. Other problems were solved or illustra- 
tions round for me by my friend and colleague, Pro- 
fessor W. C. Summers of Sheffield, and by Mr. Bullen. 
The notes so contributed are marked respectively 
'R.B.M.,' 'E. B.,' 'W. C. S.,' 'A. H. B.' 
Some valuable notes were kindly supplied to Mr. 
A. H. Bullen by Mr. Charles Crawford. One or two 
others came from my colleagues Mr. J. H. Sleeman and 
Mr. A. Hermann Thomas. In the case of others again 
I am indebted to the kindness of Professor Henry 
Jackson, O.M., Sir John Sandys, and Mr. J. H. Hessels. 
My thanks are due to the proprietors of the Essex 
Review for permission to reproduce the illustrations of 
John Harvey's house as conjecturally reconstructed, 
and of the mantelpiece that undoubtedly belonged to it. 
In conclusion, I cannot sufficiently express my sense 
of the kindness, consideration, and sympathy which l 

have received from Mr. Bullen in the course of the 
work. It owes much to his sound judgment and 
critical sense. 

G. C. M.S. 

,,o« Svçx's 'Ci^c', l çS. 


Sumtyme my booke is vnto me A God, 
Sumtyme I throwe it from me A rodd. 
On while I studdy, as thowghe I were madd: 
An other while I playe ye vngracious ladd. 
To daye as merry, and lusty, as A crickett, 
To morrowe, as mallancholy and waspish, as A wickett. 
Robbin good fellowe, when I liste: 
With in lesse then an Hower all is whuiste. 
. . I am shaken, like A kixe, 
With A thowsande sutch fittes; 
And yet returne at laste 
To my accustomid taske. 
As close at Tullyes Orations and Aristotles Politickes, 
As on, that neuer hearde tell of other trickes. 
And but for sleepinge, and playinge, lwisse, 
I had kund them both by harte, longe ere this. 
• . Within A daye, or twoe, immediately followinge 
At Petrarche, and Boccace I must haue A flynge. 
• . Sumtyme of Lawe I bestowe A daye, 
And sumtyme Master Physician I playe. 
And sumtyme I addresse myselfe to Diuinity, 
And there continue till I gin to be wery. 
Ail kynde of bookes, good, and badd, 
Sayntish and Diuelish, that ar to be hadd. 

xvi Gabriel Harvey at Pembro/¢e Ha!! 

Owlde, and yunge, 
For marrer and tunge, 
Wheresoeuer they dwell, 
In Heauen, or in Hell; 
Machiauell, Aretine, and whome you will, 
That ar any waye renownid for extraordinary skill : 
Ether with myrte owne Familiar aloane, 
Or when twoe of us, like Dogges, strive for a boan'e, 
I reade and I reade till I flinge them awaye, 
And then Godnight Studye, tomorrowe is Hallidaye. 

Letterbook, fos. 65-6. 


TH object ofthis book is to illustrate the lire, character 
and opinions of Gabriel Harvey by help of hitherto 
unpublished material. This material taken together 
with that round in Harvey's published works is so 
abundant that it would not be strange if Harvey stood 
out as the best known of all Elizabethan Englishmen. 
His lire with its bright morning, its noonday storms, 
and its long dull evening has a tragical and picturesque 
interest, which is heightened by the feeling that the 
causes of its failure lay in the man himself. And yet to 
most students of English literature Harvey is merely 
the Cambridge don who tried to induce Spenser to 
write English verse in classical metres, or the man who 
ungenerously attacked the dead poet Greene and round 
more than his match in the brilliant Tom Nashe. 
It might bave been thought that an editor of Harvey's 
works would have striven to make his complex character 
clear to other students ; but, unfortunately, Dr. Grosart 
ruade no study of Harvey's character, and was content 
to reiterate and reinforce the old taunts. Of late years, 
it is true, there bave been some attempts to treat Harvey 
more fairly and to understand him better. In a paper 
called 'Spenser's Hobbinol,' published in 869, * the 
late Professor Henry Morley defended Harvey's char- 
acter against many misrepresentations, partly on new 
evidence gathered from Harvey's marginalia in a copy 
of Quintilian ; and Dr. J. Bass Mullinger earned the 
gratitude of later students by the lire of Harvey which 
i Fortnigbtly Re,iezv, New Scrie-, vol. ». 


he contributed to the Dictionary of National Biograph.v. 
I may, perhaps, claim that in my edition of Pedantius 
(IgOç),  by showing that the comedy confirmed the 
general truth of Nashe's picture, I contributed some- 
thing towards our knowledge of the manner of man 
that Harvey was. Finally, Dr. R. B. McKerrow in his 
monumental edition of Nashe's IP'orks studied the 
Harveys (hot Gabriel only, but his brothers as well), with 
that acuteness, soundj udgment and masterly knowledge 
of everything beari**g on his subject which makes lais 
work a perpetual delight to those who corne after him. 
Dr. McKerrow, however, was hOt dealing with Har- 
vey for Harvey's own sake, but with Harvey in his 
relation to Nashe, and it was naturally hot necessary for 
him to make use of the great mass of material for a 
knowledge of Harvey's life, reading, literary tastes, and 
ethical principles which he has left us in manuscript, 
especially in notes inscribed in his books. Some of 
Harvey's manuscript writings have indeed seen the 
light : his' Letter-book' bas been printed by Dr. E. J. L. 
Scott :  his notes in his Quintilian have been drawn 
on by Professor Henry Morley  : those in his copy of 
Gascoigne's Certayne Notes of Instruction by Professor 
Gregory Smith 4 : those in his copy of Hoby's Courtier 
(which I have hOt seen) have lately been published 
by Miss Caroline Runtz-Rees.  But the great mass 
of Harvey's manuscript notes has hitherto escaped 
attention: and I now publish the present selection 
because I believe that, in the light which they throw, 
the secret springs of Harvey's character and conduct 
will be revealed as they have never been revealed before. 

m Bang's Materialien vol. viii. 
2 Camden Socieg.Publications » Series i!. No. 33 
 utsup.  Eli=abetban CriticalEs, ay,, i. 38-6z.  Publications oftbe 
Modern Language A**ociation of America» xxv. 608. 

Introdt«tiot 3 

The marginalia are therefore the essential part ofthe 
present book. To make them, however, the more intel- 
ligible to readers who corne fresh to the subject, 1 havc 
prefixcd to them a short study of Harvey's lire and 
character, which I think will here and there supplcment 
or correct the accounts of Harvcy already existing. 
Whcther it will be considcred f'avourablc to Harvey, 
I neither know nor care. Enough ifit hclps thc reader 
to understand him better. 

4 Gabriel Harvey 

G/tI3RIEI. HARVEV, son of John Harvey, yeoman, of 
Saffron Walden, was born about 15 5 °. Unfortunately the 
Registers of Saffron Walden do not extend further back 
than I558 , and there may have been more than one 
John Harvey as the head of a family in the town. It 
is therefore rather difficult to determine how many 
brothers and sisters Gabriel had, but the following, at 
least, belonged to the family : 
Gabriell d. Feb., 163o-I. 
Alice, married Richard Lyon, yeoman, of Saffron Wal- 
den, 16 July, 157 o. Ofthis marriage the following 
children were born :--Gabriel, bap. 7 Mar., 1573-4, 
bur. 4 Sept., 1578 ; Mary, bap. I8 Sept., I575 ; 
Margret, bap. "2_ 7 Dec.,  576 ; Richard, bap. 26 Oct., 
i578 ; Mary, bap. 9Jan. , I58O-i ; Alice, bap. oE Apr., 
1583 ; Gabriel, bap. OE3 June, 1586, and John, bap. 
-9 Nov., 1588. Ofthese Richard and the younger 
Gabriel (a notary public) were alive in 1634. * Their 
father died before 1613-4 when his daughter Mary 
of St. Dunstan's in the West, London, was to be 
married by licence to Thomas Gwillim, Merchant 
M ercy, probably of about seventeen or eighteen years 
of age at Christmas, 1574- 
Richard, bap. 15 Apr., 1560, d.  630. 
John, bap. 13 Feb., 1563-4, d. July, 1592. Married 

* The name Gabriel is hot infrequent in the Saffron Walden registers. 
-" See Harleian Sociey' Publ., rvii. p. 7- 

Martha, daughter of Mr. Justice Meade, by whom 
he left two daughters, Joan and Elizabeth. 
Mary, bap. 15 May, I567 . Married Phillip Collin 
3 I Mar., 16oo. The latter, at least, and some sons 
were alive in 163 I. 
In addition the following may bave belonged to the 
family : 
Christian Harvie, infant, bur. 19 Feb., 558-9 . 
Margaret 'daughter of John Harvey', bap. 6 Jan., 
156OE-3, bur. OE I Feb., 156OE-3 . 
John 'sonne of John Harvey', bur. OEo July, I57O. 
Thomas 'son of John Harveye', bap. 6 Sept., i567. 
Alice 'daughter of Mr. John Harvey', bur. 6 Aug., 
We know that one brother besides Gabriel, Richard, 
and John lived to grow up, l and was apparently alive 
in 1595. If this was Thomas, baptised 6 Sept., I567, 
four months after the baptism ofMary Harvey, we must 
suppose either that Mary's baptism had for some reason 
been deferred, or that the two children were twins, and 
for some reason Thomas's baptism was deferred. Tom 
Nashe writes in I595  :-- A¥other brother there is, 
whose naine 1 have forgot,' and Dr. McKerrow suggests 
to me that Nashe round it convenient to forget it, as it 
was the saine as his own. Further in a passage ofa letter 
of Harvey's dated 15753: ' which words . . . my brother 
Nedd, being a grammer scholler can hot finde, he saythe, 
in all his dictionary, which kost my father at the least xx 
good shillinges and twoe,' it is noticeable that the words 
my brother Nedd' are a correction and that Harvey first 
wrote my brother Tom' If the fourth brother was 
born in 1567 it is natural to find him a grammar-school 
boy in 1575- 

i Gabriel writes of his father : 'Four sonnes him cost a thousand pounds at 
lest.' Vorks (Grosart), i. z51.  IVors McKetow), iii. 58.  Letter-boo,p. 94- 

6 FmiIy 

Although we have hitherto only heard ofjurbrothers, 
it is quite possible that John who died in July, 1570, had 
also belonged to the family : and that we bave a case such 
as was by no means uncommon in the sixteenth century 
oftwo children ofthe same family bearing the same name. 
This would also be the case if Alice, buried 6 August, 
i.çgI , belonged (as probably she did) to the family. She 
is described as daughter of '14r. John Harvey'mand 
two years later, on OE 5 July,  593, the registers record the 
burial of' Mr. John Harvey'--undoubtedly Gabriel's 
father. \Ve know that the mother still survived : and 
probably she was the' Mrs. Alse Harvey'who was buried 
on the I4 April, I6I 3. It would seem likely, therefore, 
that the names John and Alice (or Aise), borne by the 
parents, were both given to two several children. 
The whole family would then consist of Gabriel [b. 
ci?c. I _ 50], Alice [Lyon] lb. «irc. 155 I], John, Alice, 
Mercy lb. circ. I556], Christian lb. I558"-9] , Richard 
[b. I56o], Margaret lb. 562-3], John [b. t563-4], 
Mary, Thomas lb. I567]. 
We do hot know the maiden-name ofGabriel's mother, 
but the Harveys were related to the family of Gyver 
in Saffron Walden. 1 They claimed relationship also with 
Sir Thomas Smith, Secretary of State under Edward V1 
and Elizabeth. Sir Thomas was a native of Saffron 
XValden, but the degree of relationship is impossible 
to determine. 
For a man with a large family John Harvey was fairly 
wcll-to-do. He is described in legal documents as a 
'yeoman', owning land and houses in Walden.-" Before 

 Will of Rev. Rich. Harve}-. 
-* See a document in the Record Office 'Chancery Proceedings, znd Series 
[$79-62), 241 l'qo. {.'. In another, 'Chancery Proccedings B & A Eliz. CC 
' he says he is 'seysed by coppy of courte Roull . . . in diverse customarye 
landes houlden of... Thornas Lord Howard." 

Honte at Saffron ll/'alden 7 

572 he had held the chief oflîce in his town .1 he sup- 
ported three sons at Cambridge and one elsewhere, with 
great charges2: and at the end of his lire, as we bave 
seen, he was designated CMr., in the church register. 
His bouse was situated on the site ofthe present Cattle- 
market, a little below the Market place. Part of it 
became an inn, 'The Eight Bells, 's and was hot demol- 
ished till 1855 , when it was round to contain two 
chimney pieces carved in clunch. These were transferred 
to the Saffron Walden Museum, where they may still 
be seen, along with a small oak window from the saine 
house. The more remarkable of the mantels illustrates 
the trade ofrope-making which John Harvey carried on 
in addition to his farming, and which was perhaps the 
chier source of his wealth. To quote in part from Dr. 
Grosart and in part from Mr. Goddard : 
' The frieze which is in high reliefis divided into three 
compartments by means of two trees : 
Ox with pack Three men making ]3ees at work 
a rope, the toaster 
The middle compartment also contains all the adjuncts 
to a farmyard--somewhat mutilated--e.g., the end of 
a bouse, a bullock or cow, yard with the head of a cow 
peeping out, a pig, poultry, bullock and corn and (seem- 
ingly) flax or hemp : also a plant of saffron, whilst on 
a tree hangs a satchel.' As Dr. Grosart says, it is pleasing 

I In the Charter of Incorporation of Walden which was obtained in 1549-5o 
and confirmed in 15ç 3 and 1558 , the body politic is described as «The Treasurer, 
Chamherlains T,enty-four Assistants and Commonalty.' Brayhrooke's History of 
ludley End, p. zç3. " Harvey's 142"orks (Grosart), i. 16o. 
a Lord Braybrooke in his HistÇry of/ludley End (1836), already speaks of «the 
removai of the mart for cattle to a yard at the south end of East St. formerly the 
Eight Bells public house» the site of which was purchased in 183 I.' 

8 Date nf Gabriel's Birth 

to see that the rope-making was held for honest labour, 
hot stigma, both by the old man and by Gabriel, if--as 
is likely--he supplied the Latin mottoes. 
I have said that Gabriel Harvey was born «about 
1550'. Such a date would be most consistent with the 
year of his matriculation, I566. It also agrees with a 
phrase used by Harvey in April, 573, 'it will be the 
worst spring that hapnid to me these xxii years,' and 
with his New Year's lines enclosed in his letter to 
Spenser of OE3 April, I58o , 'O that I had you three 
[-ç'ertue, Fame, and ,Vealth] with the loss of thirtie 
Commencementes,' though the sentiment approaches 
nonsense. -" Two reasons have been adduced for putting 
his date ofbirth some years earlier: one, Nashe's account 
of him in Have with you 3 (written apparently in I595) 
as 'of the age of fortie eight or vpwards' ; the other, 
Harvey's statement that Lord Oxford in the prime ofhis 
gallantest youth bestowed angels upon him in Christ's 
College.  As Lord Oxford was at Cambridge at the time 
of the Queen's visit in August, 1564, it is thought that 
this must have been the occasion on which he bestowed 
charity on Harvey, who must therefore bave already 
joined the University, though not yet matriculated. 
With regard to the first argument, not much weight can 
be attached to Nashe's loose account ofhis opponent's age. 
With regard to the second, Lord Oxford in 1564 could 
hardly be said to be' in the prime ofhis gallantest youth,' 

1 Harvcy's H:orks {Grosart), i. 1  : A. R. Goddard in Essex Reaiew vol. vii 
(z 898 ). Mr. Goddard quotes a newspaper published at the time of the demolition : 
'the valls of the old house even thc staircase, seem to have been covercd vith 
a vcry pcculiar style of stencilling in black and vhite, and the ancient bay indows 
with oak carved benches remained at the back of the house." Mr. Goddard's article 
is illustrated by a photograph of the mantelpiece and a drawing of the Harvey house» 
based on older sketches. 
*" Letter-book p.  and Igork (Grosart), i. 79- Cf. also ttbenurn, Dec. 5, 
 9o and Prof. H. Morley's argument in «Spenser's Hobbinol 
vol. v (New Stries). a Nashe' Igorks {McKerrow), iii. 
 Harvey's ll"orks (Grosart), i.  8 4. 

trom ocooot to ttortst s tottege, Cambridge 9 

having been born on OE April, 155 o. He owned Stansted 
Hall, within a short distance of Saffron Walden, till 
158oE , and may well bave visited Cambridge after 1564 
and have had some ground for taking an interest in the 
young Essex scholar. 
John Harvey's children, like the children of other 
farmers, took their share in the work of the farm. * 
For the boys» however, the Grammar School of Saffron 
Walden, founded in I5oE5, opened a vista of higher 
things.  Nashe in his humorous sketch of Gabriel's 
lire tells us that already at school he acquired that ' faire 
Romane hand' which many a writing-master might 
envy :--that he was argumentative and quarrelsome 
'a desperate stabber with penknivcs'; that he wrote 
ballads ; and called forth the enthusiastic admiration of 
lais schoolmaster. Much of this is no doubt true, and 
it was as a brilliant schoolboy that he was matriculated 
from Christ's College, Cambridge, on 28 June, 1566. 
His college expenses were largely defrayed by his father, 
but were partly met by the generosity of Sir Thomas 
Smith, and of Sir Walter Mildmay, who founded some 
exhibitions at Christ's College in 1569 .« Harvey tells 
us of the Latin letters which he was accustomed to 

I The above statement owes something to a letter which Dr. H. P. Stokes 
kindly sent me some years ago on the subject of Harvey's age. 
" His daughter Mercy in 574 writes *though mie bringing upp hath bene 
allwales so homelie and milkmaidlike' (L«tter-book, p. 147), and we find her mother 
and sister with some of their servants in the ruait-bouse 'sure turning yc mault, 
sum steaplng, sum looking on' {ibid. p. 43)- Cf. Sonnet xx 'His Apology of his 
good Father' 1. o (ll"orks I ed. Grosartt i. zS ) : 21lalt» haires» and hcmpe» and 
sackcloth must be had.' 
3 See a note at the end of his Smitbus :--*neque enim obliulsci queo quod olim 
pueri in Valdinensi gymnasio didiceramus.' John Disborowe became master of the 
school in 1564-5 (Carnbridge Uni,ersiy Grace-Book A, p. 186,) and remained there 
for many years {Registers of Walden). I do hot know the naine ofhis predecessor. 
4 Cf. Harvey's *Epistola Nuncupatoria' to Mildmay in his Smitbus» ,el Musarum 
LacbD'moe (I 577) : 
tLis erat» vtri horum Vates» Smithone propinquo 
An plus Mildmnlo deberet, maximus olim 
Qui studiorum esse b doctrinaru,nque Patronus.' 

IO .,tt Pembroke with Spenser 

write to this latter benefactor.  In IS69-7o, Harvey 
took his bachelor's degree, his naine appearing as 9th 
out of 114 in the Ordo Senioritatis.  On 3 November, 
I S7O , having failed to become a fellow of Christ's, he 
was elected, through Sir Thomas Smith's influence,  to 
a Fellowship at Pembroke Hall. 
Tall, dark, and handsome, 4 a passionate student, 
conscious of his superiority, and thirsting with unsatis- 
fied ambitions--the faults of his character which were 
to mat all hot yet clearly developedmGabriel Harvey 
was singularly qualified to win the enthusiastic attach- 
ment of some younger man of high soul and ardent 
imagination. Such an admiring friend Pembroke gave 
him in Edmund Spenser, a young Londoner, now a 
student in his second year, and therefore three years 
below Harvey in academical standing, though perhaps 
only a year or two his junior in age. Already Spenser 
had published a series ofsonnets, although anonymously, 
and for that reason alone must bave been a marked man 
among his fellow-undergraduates. Harvey no doubt 
fclt the attraction of his genius and lofty character ; and 
between the two sprang up a friendship in which each 
had much to give and much to receive. 
This friendship with an undergraduate was all the 
more valuable to I-Iarvey because he was hot popular 
with the other fellows of his college. He was ruade 
aware of this when in the spring of 1573 he was ready 
to take his M.A. degree. An unusual obstacle was put 
in his way, certain of the fellows of Pembroke refusing 
their consent to the grace being proposed. Whcn 
Harvey inquired into the cause of this proceeding, he 
found that charges of very various kinds were brought 

! Cùvonianu(I577), P. :4. " GvaceBook A, p. Z33.  Lettcv-book, p. 16z. 
 Nashe, passun. 

)pposition to Ha»vey t  

against bi,n. He was arrogant and unsociable,--in the 
Christmas holiday time he would rather read his books 
by himself than play cards in company. He was over- 
critical, ever in extremes of blame or praise. He vould 
defend paradoxes even against Aristotle, and it was to 
be feared that this singularity in philosophy would grow 
dangerous if he turned to study divinity. It was even 
said that he had been heard to commend puritans and 
precisians. Harvey denied that he had ever praised 
puritans quâ puritans, or had himself maintained any 
particular point ofpuritanism. Ifhe had dissented from 
Aristotle, his dissent had been mainly from four only 
of Aristotle's positions, and in this he had followed 
Melanchthon, Ramus and other moderns. On this 
point at any rate we shall hot be severe on Harvey. As 
Dr. McKerrow bas well said : ' The charge of maintain- 
ing paradoxes and strange opinio,s is perhaps the most 
honorable that can be brought against a scholar or a 
scientist : it is a charge which bas been brought against 
every man who bas contributed to the progress of the 
world, and never yet was a nonentity so accused.'l But 
how about the charge of arrogance and unsociability ? 
Dr. McKerrow again rightly draws attention to Harvey's 
reply. He was 'aferd les over mutch familiariti had 
mard al'he had at first been 'as sociable, and as gud 
a feIIow too, as ani,' but some had hot taken it weI1, so 
that he had had to withdraw himself ' althouh hot greatly 
nether" out of continual company. Harvey, as an egotist, 
a man feeding his soul on books and vast dreams, was 
perforce a being apart, except vith younger men like 
Spenser who would look up to him as a master. If he 
had been a man ofgood birth and a gentleman by nature, 
he could have been what he was and still kept on good 

 Nas|'-. 1Vorks, ". 7 o. 

terms with lais equals. But with all his lofty ambitions, 
he was a parvenu, without that instinctive sense of 
the happy mean in bearing and conduct which saves 
a natural gentleman from ridicule or dislike. Even in 
his letters to the Master ofhis College, Dr. Young, who 
was his firm friend, we see a want of savoir-faire a 
tendency to praise the Master according to the forms of 
rhctoric,--which was unbecoming in a man in Harvey's 
position. His Saffron Walden breeding had made him 
a scholar, but it had hot taught him how to behave 
himsclf modestly and easily in society. The defect 
might have been ruade good if Harvey had had any 
sense of humour ; without such a sense--and no man 
was ever more deficient in it than Harvcy--the defect 
was incurable. 
For a time his brilliance as a scholar carried him 
through, at least with those who could appreciate his 
high qualities and were hot brought in daily contact 
with him. Even in the present difficulty friends stood 
by him. Humphry Tindal, fellow of Pembroke, and 
aftêrwards President of Queens', rode to London and 
spokc with the Master, Dr. Young, and the latter wrote 
on Harvey's behalf to the fellows. His letters seem 
to bave rather irritated than mollified the cabal; but 
he then came down to Cambridge in person, and in a 
(ew days crushed ail opposition. Harvey received the 
desired degree, and the Senior Proctor, Walter Allen, 
a nqember of his old college, Christ's, gave him unso- 
licited the first place in the Ordo Senioritatis.  Some 
fresh opposition was in store for him when, in October, 
hê entered on the office of college lecturer in Greek, 
to which he had been appointed by the Master : but 

 The above account is bascd on the Lettcr-book and on Grace BookA, p. 262. 
" Like most fcllows of colleges, ho was also a tutor. Cf. L«tter-book, p. 47, mine 
ownc pupils'. 

University Pr/ector in Rbetoric  3 

again the incident shows Harvey at his best. There is 
the tone ofa true scholar in his words to Dr. Young of 
 November, 573: 'For the bestowing of the lecture, 
do in it as you shal think best for the behoof of the 
collidg. For mi part, I am the more desirus ofit, I must 
needs confes, bicaus ofthe stipend, which, notwithstand- 
ing, is hOt great : and yet suerly I wuld refuse no pains 
to do the schollars good, and to help forward lcrning in 
the meanist, if there wcre no stipend at al.'1 
Meanwhile he was obtaining recognition outside his 
own collcge. On z3 April, x 574 he was marie University 
Proelector or Professor in Rhetoric,  after having lectured 
as deputy sincc the beginning of Lent,  and he secms 
to bave been re-elected to the office for the years  574-5, 
and 575-6. 4 In this capacity he instructed practically 
ail the first year students of the University, lecturing 
in the Public Schools. Itwould seem that the first lecture 
ofthe course was a Latin oration on Rhetoric in general, 
after which thc lecturer expounded a work of Cicero or 
some other author. 
Two inaugural lectures Harvey published in 577, 
the one called Ciceronianus, the other (divided over two 
days) Rbetor. No scholar can read these discourses 
without surprise and admiration for Harvey's command 
ofthe Latin language, his eloquence, his scholarly open- 
mindedness and readiness to learn, and his extraordinary 
width ofreading. The Ciceronianus or Oratiopost Reditum 
was published in J une,  577, but was delivered, I imagine, 
in January, 575, when the University re-assembled 
after being dissolved for a term on account of plague. 
It is accompanied by a letter to William Lewin, who had 
been a Fellow of Christ's in Harvey's time, and had 
I L¢¢ter-boo, p. 5¢"  Grace Boo A, p. z7¢. 3 L¢tt¢r-book, p.  76. 
 In his copy of Quintilian {in the British Museum) Harvey describe himelf as 
«Rhetoricu Professor Cantabrig.  çT],  74  ç7ç," and the note as far as thc year 
 75 is concerned, is confirmed by the Lansdowne MS., xx. 77. 

14 Harvey's Ciceronianus 

himself also been Proelector in Rhetoric, but had now 
left the paths ofscholarship for those ofthe law. Lewin's 
reply, also printed in the book, testifies to his high 
opinion of Harvey. He says that he is but a youth 
(adbuc adulescentem), but that if he had persisted in 
his office of Proelector, he would have produced both 
for himself and the whole University incredible fruit 
and glory.  In the speech which follows, Harvey says he 
has been for nearly twenty weeks in his Tusculan villa, 
i.e., at his father's house at Saffron Walden, assiduously 
studying hot only the greatest ofthe old Roman writers, 
but renaissance writers such as Sturm, Manutius, 
Osorius, Sigonius and Buchanan. He had given more 
time to Cicero than to all the rest put together, yet 
sometimes he had dropped Cicero on Friendship to 
take up Osorius on Glory, if only to detect the secrets 
of Cicero's superiority. There had been a time when, 
like some of the earlier Renaissance scholars, he had 
been a pure Ciceronian--he had dragged tags from 
Cicero into his Latin letters to Sir Walter Mildmay, 
and had been unable to endure any praise of Erasmus, 
because his Latin was so impure. He had valued authors 
hot for their substance, but solely for their style. He 
had then corne across the Ciceronianus of Sambucus-- 
that had led him to the Ciceronianus of Ramus--and 
Ramus had given him new eyes. He now read Coesar, 
Varro, Sallust, Livy, Pliny and Columella, and found 
merits in ail. He began to find imperfections in Cicero, 
though still he felt that he was in the main the chief 
model for imitation. He was reconciled to renaissance 
writers such as Erasmus, Picus Mirandola, and Politian. 

1 A private letter of W. Lewin to Harveywritten hefore the other--is given hy 
Baker frorn a copy in Harvey's own hand (Camb. Unir. Library, Baker MSS., xxxvi. 
p.  o). Here Lewin says that after his father-in-law, Byng, no one in the University 
is dearer to him than Harvey. 

and Rhetor I 5 

He now cried--Away with those who treat all but 
Italians as barbarians, we will set against the Italians 
Ramus, Erasmus, Sturm, Freigius, Sir Thomas Smith 
and Sir John Cheke. Let a man learn to be hot a 
Roman but a Frenchman, German, Briton or ltalian. 
His hearers must strive hOt only tobe authors ofwords, 
but actors of deeds, they must learn from Cicero hot 
only rhetoric but dialectic, hOt only what he says, but 
why he says it. To-morrow they would hear Cicero 
The other two orations, called the Rbetor, were 
published in November, 1577- The work was dedicated 
to Bartholomew Clarke, another Cambridge scholar who 
had found a career, as Harvey secretly hoped to do, in 
the great world of London. In this he extends his praise 
beyond the great Latin writers to writers in vernacular 
tongues--to Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Sannazaro, 
Ariosto--to our own Chaucer, More, Eliot, Ascham 
and Jewel. Both speeches were delivered apparently at 
the Comitia, the Bachelors' Commencement, in March. 
Next day he would begin to study with his pupils the 
great writers on Rhetoric. 
As Professor Morley said,  such lectures are hOt the 
lectures of a pedant--they are the work of a strenuous 
open-minded student and of an inspiring teacher. 
After the publication of the Ci«eronianus, Harvey 
received a letter from Thomas Hatcher,  in which, after 
saying that from their first acquaintance, he had seen in 
him the image both of an honest man and a most polished 
writer, he complained that no mention had been made 
of Walter Haddon in Ciceronianus. Harvey replied that 
a similar complaint might be ruade in regard to Ascham, 
Christopherson, Linacre, Thomas More, Richard Pace: 
! Fortnigbdy Revieo, New Series, vol. v, 'Spenser's Hobbinol.' 
- Hatchet in  567 had edited the Lucubration« ofWalter Haddon. 

 6 M«rcy ltarvey's Love-affair 

while he thought highly ofHaddon, he would put Smith 
and Cheke in the first place, and Haddon in the second 
or third. From Hatcher's letter it seems that Harvey 
some time before had stayed with him at his house at 
Carebury, near Stamford.* 
We have now reached the year x577 ; but a word 
should perhaps be given to an incident in Harvey's lire, 
which he has narrated with curious minuteness in his 
Letter-book,  riz., the attempts ruade, about Christmas, 
I574, on the virtue of his sister Mercy, then a girl 
prohably of seventeen or eighteen, by a young lord, 
now identified as Philip, Lord Surrey, a married man 
of seventeen-and-a-half.3 The story ends with a letter 
written by Gabriel to the young nobleman, which one 
must hope put an end to his pursuit, and rescued Mercy 
from a position in which her own conduct had been 
somewhat ambiguous. Harvey no doubt has the inci- 
dent in his mind when in his copy of Erasmus' Parabolw 
to the words 'stultis magnifica fortuna iniucunda', he 
adds the note, ' you knowe, who vsed to write : Vnhappy 
Philip'. We may perhaps connect with Mercy's story, 
the letter written by Harvey from Pembroke Hall on 
0_ 9 March of some unknown year to Lady Smith, Sir 
Thomas Smith's wife, * asking ber to take one of his 
sisters into her service. 
In July,  576, Spenser took his M.A. degree and lefi 
Cambridge for the North of England. Perhaps Harvey 
accompanied him on hisjourney ; at any rate we find that 
he was in York in August of that year : "' and probably 
in coming or goinghe paid his visit to Hatcher at 
Carebury. In August, 1577, Sir Thomas Smith died. 

* These two letters were copied by Baker from Harvey's own MS. (Baker MSS. 
xxxvi, p. to7).  pp. 43-58.  See Note ad .uerie, Eleventh Series, iii. z6t. 
* Letter-boo, p.  7 o. 
:" MS. note in 2q brief treaeie contcinyng raany proper Table,,  $76. 

ofmmus) V¢l tvlusarum Lachrymœe i 7 

There seems to be no reason to doubt Harvey's state- 
ment that Smith was in some way related to him: he was, 
as we know, his kind friend and adviser, and Harvey 
had stayed at his house, a Harvey was informed of his 
death and attended his funeral at Theydon Mount, 
Essexwan occasion on which he gave a sharp answer to 
Dr. Perne, Master of Peterhouse, who had called him 
a fox for having induced Sir Thomas' widow to present 
him with some rare manuscripts.  Perne, according to 
Harvey, was henceforth his lifelong enemy. On the day 
after the funeral, in an inn in London, Harvey began 
to write a series of Latin elegies on Smith which were 
published next year as Smitbus, velMusarum Lacbryme. 
Like his other Latin verses they show great facility, but 
no poetical feeling. Harvey was a rhetorician--perhaps 
we may say, a philosopher and statesman--but not 
a poet. 3 The collection was prefaced by a letter to 
Harvey's other patron, Sir Walter Mildmay; it closed 
with some verses to his younger brother and pupil, 
Richard Harvey, now an undergraduate of Pembroke 
and all but B.A., and some further verses purporting to 
have been addressed by Richard to his elder brother and 
tutor. It became characteristic of the Harveys that, in 
all they did, they brought their brothers on to the field 
with them. 
The year  578 saw perhaps the culmination of Gabriel 
Harvey's early career of brilliant success. On 26 July, 
Queen Elizabeth visited Audley End, the great house 

i Letter-book pp. 16z, 168, 170, 176. 2 Harvey's Iorks (Grosart), il.  13" 
z An undergraduate of Harvey's own tlmejudged him more favourably. A copy 
of Smitbus wel lFlusarum Lcbrym,e in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
contains the foilowing manuscript note : 
«Tu Rhetor me|ior seu sis Harueie poeta, 
Hu]us et iilius debita palma tibi est. 
Henricus Barber Cantabrigiensls 
Regalis Cellegii lreshman'. 
H. Barber matriculated on 3 De¢. 1580. 

18 Ube Quecn at /ludley End 

close to Saffron Walden, and for a day or two Audley End 
became the seat ofthe University. It was a testimony to 
Harvey's position at Cambridge as a scholar and Latin 
orator that he was one of those chosen to dispute before 
the Court, especially as Dr. Howland had written z some 
days before to Lord Burleigh, 'Theactorsaresuch as I do 
hOt doubt but will greatly commend themselves, and 
delight the hearers'. With the Queen were Burghley, 
Chancellor of the University, the Earl ofLeicester, his 
nephew Philip Sidney, Lord Oxford and others of the 
noblest and most famous ofthc land. Doubtless Harvey 
saw in this gathering an opportunity for commending 
himself to some illustrious patron and, inspired by the 
example of Sir Thomas Smith, Sir John Cheke, Lewin 
and Clarke, hoped to exchange the shades of a College 
for the sunshine of the Court. Already he could call 
Lord Leicester his special lord or patron. Who gave him 
the introduction we do hOt know, but he seems to have 
been in comcxion with Leicester as early as  576.  He 
now probably ruade the acquaintance of Philip Sidney, 
and was fascinated, as ail were who came within the 
circle of that grave and noble spirit. Ho was ata dance 
with ladies of the Court and, greatest triumph of all, 
attracted the notice of the Queen who asked Leicester 
who he was, remarking that he had the look of an Italian, 
and allowing him to kiss her hand. 
Was Harvey's modesty proofagainst this intoxicating 
experience ? Or did the farmer's son show beneath the 
fine clothes, exciting the smiles and scorn of those who 
watched him ? 

t Calendar of MSS. at Hatfield {Hist. MSS. Coin.), il. p. 89. 
s The Gratulationes IValdinenses lib. il},  578, contain « Epigramma in eflïgiem.. 
Comltis Leicestrensis duobus abhin¢ annls Londini conscriptum et ex eo tempore à 
multis descriptum copied ?)." Also ' Epigramma in eflïgiem . . Cornitis Varuicensis 
I Leicester's brother» Lord Warwick) eodern . . rempote exaratum.' 

Harvey at Court  9 

This is the account that Nashe gives ofhis behaviour : 
I haue a talc at my tungs end.., of his hobb}'-horse reuelling 
& dominering at ludley-end, when the Queene was there ; to 
which place Gabriill(to doo his countre}' more worship & glor}') 
came rufling it out huffty tuffty in his suite of veluet. There 
be them in Cambridge that had occasion to take note of it, for 
he stood noted or scoard for it in their bookes man}' a faire da}, 
after. . . 
There did this out Talatamtana or Doctour Hum, thrust 
himselfe into the thickest rankes of the Noblemen and Gallants, 
and whatsoeuer they were arguing of, he would hot misse to 
catch hold of, or strike in at the one end, and take the thearne 
out of their mouths, or it should goe hard. In selle saine order 
was hee at his pretie toyes and amorous glaunces and purposes 
with the Damsells, & putting baudy riddles vnto them. In fine, 
some Disputations there were, and he ruade an Oration belote 
the Maids of Honour... 
The proces ofthat Oration, was of the saine woofe and thrid 
with the beginning: demurely and maidenly scoflîng, and blush- 
ingly wantoning & making loue to those soft skind soules & 
sweete Nymphes of Heli«on ; betwixt a kinde of careless rude 
ruflîanisme, and curious finicall complement : both which he 
more exprest b}' his countenance, than anie good jests that hec 
vttered. This finished.., by some better frends than hec was 
worthie of, and that afterward round him vnworthie of the 
graces they had bestowed vpon him, he was brought to kisse 
the Queenes hand, and it pleased ber Highnes to say.. that he 
lookt something like an Italian. No other incitement he needed 
to rouze his plumes, pricke up his eares, and run away with the 
bridle betwixt his teeth, and take it vpon him.., but now he was 
an insulting Monarch aboue A4onarcha the Italian, that ware 
crownes on his shooes ; and quite renounst his naturall English 
accents & gestures, & wrested himselfe whol}' to the Italian 
puntilios, speaking out homely Iland tongue strangely, as if he 
were but a raw practitioner in it, & but ten daies belote had 
entertained a schoole-master to teach him to pronounce it. 
Ceremonies of reuerence to the greatest States (as it were hot 
the fashion of his cuntray) he was very parsimonious and nig- 
gardl}' of, and would make no bones to take the wall of Sir 
Philip $idney and another honourable Knight (his companion) 
about Court }'et attending.., is Halle fellowe well met with those 

'o Gratulationes Valdinenses 

that looke highest.., follows the traine of the delicatest fauorites 
and minions... * 
Harvey himselfwas unaware that he had exposed himself 
to ridicule. He rejoiced in his apparent conquest of all- 
powerful friends, and when all was over, sat down to 
complete his success by celebrating in verse the events 
in which he had played a part. So we bave from his 
pen a new volume of facile Latin verse, the Gr,tula- 
tiones l'aldinenses. It is in four books, each presented 
separately to a different person whose favour he would 
conciliate--the first book to the Queen (to whom Harvey 
also presented the printed work at the bouse of 
Mr. Capell in Hertfordshire), * the second to Leicester, 
the third to Burghley (his separate copy in Harvey's MS. 
is now in the British Museum),S the fourth to Lord 
Oxford, Sir Christopher Hatton, and Philip Sidney. A 
poem is devoted to the Queen's remark that he looked 
like an Italian, another to his having kissed her hand, 
another to the ladies of the Court. He urges rather 
indiscreetly the Queen's marriage with Leicester, who, 
unknown to Harvey, was already secretly married to 
the Countess of Essex. He addresses Sidney in tones 
ofwarm affection. The book concludes characteristically 
with an epigram addressed to Gabriel himself by his 
brother Richard. The whole shows Harvey's eagerness 
after the favour of the great, and his lack of restraining 
good-sense. With all his great qualities, he was his own 
worst enemy. 
 Nashe's l, VorkJ (McKerrow), iii. 7t-7- 
 Note b¥ E. K. in Spenser's SbepbeardJ Calender (September). An Arthur 
Capell was a fellow-commoner of Pembroke in ! 575- See Letter-bool, p. lSZ, and 
Lansdowne MS. zo, 77- a Lansdowne MS.  zo, ! z. 

Devotes bimself to Civil Law OE t 


WHEI Harvey was introduced to the Queen by Lord 
Leicester, it was as a man who was about to go abroad 
in Leicester's service. 1 For some reason or other, this 
project fell through, and it is hot clear that at any rime 
of his lire Harvey crossed the Channel. 
A change of lire was now, however, before him. His 
fellowship at Pembroke was expiring, and a request 
made by Lord Leicester that it should be continued for 
a year, though backed by Dr. Fulke,  the new Master 
of the College, was hot complied with. 
For years past he had inclined towards the study of 
Civil Law. In a letter to Sir Thomas Smith, 3 evidently 
written at the end of r573, he says that if he had 
obtained a fellowship at Christ's, he supposes it would 
have drawn him into the ministry, but he now rejoices 
that he was not elected, and his present intention is 
to make the Civil Law his study, 'partly now and fully 
hereafter.' Sir Thomas invited him to see him, and gave 
him advice as to his course of reading, 4 and in a letter 
evidently to be dated about the following April, » Harvey 
says that though there was then a fellowship for Essex 

i There had been some intention of sending him abroad a few months earlier, as 
is seen from the dedication to John Aylmer, Bishop of London, of Richard Harvey's 
.qstrologicall Discourse (1553) , where he refers to Aylmer's «singular curtesie toward 
my hrother Gahriel uhen he should haue trauailed to Smalcaldie'. Queen Elizabeth, 
urged by Duke Casimir, nominated deputies [ Laurence Humphry, John Still, John 
Hammon, Daniel Rogers] to attend a Conference of German Protestant princes 
which w-s to bave been held at Schmalkalden on 7 June, 1575. The conference 
,as, ho,ever, given up and the deputies did rot leave Englad. Both Dr. Daniel 
Rogers and Dr. Still were frlends of Harvey's and one of them may bave procured 
some appointment for him in connexion with the mission. (Foreign Paters 
577-$, Nos. 546, $zo($), 868, 9, 9z: 75-9» Nos. z, z, 47-) 
 Lett«r-book p. 88. Dr. Fu[ke's |etter is dated zztad August,  578. 
 Letter-book» p. 16z.  ibid. p. 65.  ibid. p. 76. 

z z Fellow of Trinity Ha# 

men vacant at Christ's, he would not accept it ifit were 
offered him, unless it were accompanied by a dispensation 
from taking orders, so resolved was he to make the Civil 
Law his profession,  how slowlyyet soever I go unto it.' 
Fortune therefore favoured him when within a few 
months of losing his fellowship at Pembroke he was 
elected on 18 December, x 578, to a new fellowship at 
Trinity Hall, the home of the study of Civil Law in 
Cambridge. Perhaps his election was assisted by the 
Master, Dr. Henry Harvey, who may have been a 
distant kinsman. 
Early in the year  578 Dr. John Young, Master of 
Pembroke, who had been so good a friend to Harvey 
rive years before, became Bishop of Rochester. We 
may imagine that Harvey besought his patronage for 
the young Pembroke poet, Spenser, while he urged 
Spenser to leave the North and his unhappy love-affair 
and make a career in southern England.  
Then, if by me thou list advised be, 
Forsake the soyle that so doth thee bewitch : 
Leave me those billes where harbrough nis to see, 
Nor holy-bush, nor brere, nor winding witche : 
And to the da|es resort, where shepheards ritch 
And fruictfull flocks bene everywhere to see. - 
&t any rate Spenser went south, and became the 
Bishop's Secretary. This we know from a note in one 
of Harvey's books, 'Ex dono Edmundi Spenseri Epis- 
copi Roffensis Secretarij x 578-' a 
How long Spenser held this post we do hot know. 
In the September Eclogue of the Sbepbeards Calender» 
I Dr. Grosart has produced some evidence that Spenser left the North in 1577 
and was Secretary to Sir Henry Sidney in Ireland at the end of 1577 and beginning 
of 1578. At any rate he was 'ith the Bishop in 1578. Spense h/'Vorks (Grosart), 
i. 65- 7. "- 8bepberds Calender (June). Sec E. K.'s note. 
a The book Turler's Trauail«r (1 75), was seen by me by kind permission of 
Mr. F. T. Sabin. It now belongs to Dr. Gollancz, who has called attention to the 
interest of this note, as Mr. W. C. Hazlitt had also donc previously. 

Renewed Intercourse with Spenser OE 3 

1.  76, where the Bishop under his pastoral name' Roffyn ' 
is in question, we are explicitly told ' Colin C10ut, I wene, 
be his selle boye' : and one must infer that when Hobbi- 
noll in the April Eclogue, 1. -',. I, says, ' Colin thou kenst, 
the southerne shepheardes boye', the Southern Shepherd 
is again the Bishop, though E. K. writes vaguely, ' Seem- 
eth hereby that Colin perteyneth to some Southern noble 
man, and perhaps in Surrye or Kent.' In the July 
Eclogue, 11. 79-8 , ' the salt Medway' must surely be 
due to an acquaintance with the river at Rochester. It 
seems, however, probable that Spenser soon after his 
coming south was introduced, again through Harvey's 
means, to Philip Sidney, and by him to Lord Leicester, 
and that he left the Bishop's service sometime in 1579 
for that of the great Earl. 1 
Two days after being elected to his fellowship at 
Trinity Hall, Harvey was with Spenser in London, and 
received from him the copy of Howleglas now in the 
Bodleian, in which he wrote the following note, now 
partly obliterated : 
This Howletglasse, with Skoggin, Skelton, and L[a]zarillo, 
giuen me at London, of Mr. Spensar xx Decembris [  5 ] 78 on 
condition [that I] shoold bestowe ye reading of tbem oue[r] 
befo,'e ye first of January [imme]diatly ensuing: otherwise 
to forfeit unto him my Lucian in fower uolumes. Whereupon 
I was ye rather jnduced to trifle away so many howers, as 
were jdely ouerpassed in running thorowgh ye [foresai]d foolish 
bookes : wherein methowg[ht] not ail fower togither seemed 
comparable for s[utt]le and crafty feates with Jon Millet, wbose 
witty shiftes, & practises af reported amongst Skeltons Tales. 
During the first winter after his return Spenser was 
writing or revising his Sbepbeards Calender, that series 
! Harvey writes to Spenser on 23 April, lSgo (I4"orks» ed. Grosart, i. 81):-- 
' Imagin me to corne into a goodly Kentish Gard«n of your old Lords or some oth¢r 
Noble Man': this is I suppose Bishop Young i and Spenser's connexion withhim 
was now over. If so, it is noticeablc that Harvcy, like E. K., speaks of the Bishop 
by implication as a nobleman. 

24 The Shepheards Calender 

of eclogues which brought a new music into English 
poetry, and inaugurated a new era in our literature. 
Suflïcient to say of it here that it is an eternal monu- 
ment to the friendship of Edmund Spenser for Gabriel 
Harvey, of Colin Clout for Hobbino]. In the January 
Eclogue the love-sick Colin bas no other way ofshowing 
the intensity of his passion for Rosalind than by saying 
that he now disdains the kindness of Hobbinol, ' Albee 
my love he seeke with dayly suit.' In April Hobbinol 
is seen lamenting that ' the ladde whom long I lord so 
deare Nowe loves a lasse that all his love doth scorne.' 
The June Eclogue contains Colin's lament to his' deare 
frend Hobbinol' that he is forsaken, and Hobbinol's 
exhortation to him to return to the south, the land of 
wealthy patrons, and once more practise poetry : 
Colin, to hear thy rymes and roundelayes, 
çVhich thou wert wont on wastful h),lls to singe, 
I more delight then larke in Summer dayes : 
Vhose echo ruade the neyghbour groves to ring, 
And taught the by'rds, which in the lower spring 
Did shroude in shady leaves from sonny rat, es, 
Frame to thy songe their chereful cheriping, 
Or hold theyr peace, for shame of thy swete layes. 
And in the closing couplet of Colin Clout's December 
Lamentation, the naine of his friend is tenderly linked 
with that of his love : 

Adieu, good Hobbinoll, that was so true, 
Tell Rosalind, her Colin bids her adieu. 

The 8bepbeards Calender did hot see the light till the 
end of 579- Then it was modestly ushered into the 
world with a dedication to Philip Sidney from the un- 
named author, and a letter addressed by the editor, 
Edward Kirke, 'to the most excellent and learned, both 
orator and poete, Mayster Gabriell Harvey.' Kirke had 

Harvey's Lost t4/'orks OE 5 

been, like Spenser, a sizar of Pembroke Hall, and he 
was a staunch admirer not only of Spenser but of 
Spenser's elder friend. He bids Harvey, if envy and 
malice should stir up any wrongful accusation against 
the poet, to defend his cause 'with your mighty 
Rhetorick and other your rare gifts of learning.' 
To his letter Kirke adds a quaint postscript, ' From 
my lodging at London thys o. ofAprill, 579-' In this 
he urges Harvey to publish 'those many excellent 
English poemes of yours which lye hid,' and no longer 
withhold from men 'so divine pleasures, which they 
might conceive of your gallant English verses, as they 
bave already doen ofyour Latine Poemes, which, in my 
opinion, both for invention and Elocution are very deli- 
cate and superexcellent.' And in a note to the September 
Eclogue, after mentioning Harvey's Musarum lacbrym,e 
and Gratuhttiones, E. K. refers to ' other his sundrye 
most rare and very notable writings, partely under un- 
known tytles, and partely under counterfayt names, as 
his Uyrannomastix, his Ode Natalitia, his Rameidos and 
especially that parte of Philomusus, his divine lnticos- 
mopolita, and diuers others of lyke importance.' 
It would seem, then, that Harvey by this time had 
composed a number of poetical works, in English and 
in Latin, but had been chary of giving them to the 
world. Most of them never did see the light ; and it 
would have been better for Harvey ifthis had been the 
case with all. However, we may take it that early in 
 579 he was seriously thinking of publication, and that 
Kirke's words were intended to prepare the public for 
what was to corne. One of the works mentioned by 
Kirke was entered on the Stationers' Register on the 
3cth June to Richard Day, viz., ' Anticosmopolita, or 
Britannioe Apologia.' It was probably never printed, 

z6 Verlayes 

for Harvey writes in April, x58o , 'My Anticosmo- 
polita remayning still in statu quo, and neither an inch 
more forward, nor backwarde, than he was fully a twelue- 
month since in the Courte, at his laste attendance vppon 
my Lorde there.'  Perhaps an appeal made to Lord 
Leicester to assist in its publication had proved fruitless. 
Richard Harvey writes in 1583 of the' favourable accep- 
tance' his brother's zlnticosmopolita had received from 
Bishop Aylmer of London, * but even the Bishop may 
hot have been disposed to defray the cost ofpublishing it. 
Harvey's Letter-book contains (on pp. 58-64) a puzz- 
ling letter, dated ' the xo ofthis present and as bewtifull 
a sunnye daye as cam this summer 579,' in which he 
remonstrates with Spenser for having published his 
poems or Verlayes, and having sent him a copy. 
Nothing is known of any such publication. It is clear, 
however, from the various titles of proposed works 
which we find in the Letter-book that Harvey looked 
forward to getting some of his poems published in a 
manner which would suggest that he was hOt privy to 
their seeing the light. And this letter to Spenser of the 
summer of I579 is, I believe, a draft made in advance 
ofwhat hewas prepared to say (and to let the public read) 
after one ofthese proposed works had been issued. The 
fullest sketch-title in the Letter-book  is curiously one of 
the Ferlayes, dedicated to Mr. Edward Dyer by Benevolo 
(i.e., Spenser), and dated ' This first of August, 1580. ' 
Harvey would hot have drafted this dedication and title 
if the l/'erlayes had appeared against his consent a year 
Ail this shows a certain inclination to finesse or 
trickery in Harvey's character, which manifested itself 

! I4/'orks (Grosart), i. 68. 
-" I owe this reference and the reference to the Stationers' Registcr to Dr. 
McKerrow (Nashe's 4/'OrkS» V. 63). a p. 89. 

Letters of Harvey and Spenser 27 

still more clearly in later years. One may add that the 
specimens ofhis poetryscattered through the Letter-book, 
whether in halting hexameters or Skeltonian doggrel 
are so tasteless and clumsy, with no merit beyond a 
copious vocabulary, that Harvey is convicted of an 
extraordinary lack of self-criticism if he thought they 
deserved to be publishedmas was indeed proved when 
some did see the light a year later. 
Their publication came about in this way. In the 
course of the year 158o rive letters which had passed 
between Harvey and Spenser were given to the public 
by a supposed friend of the writers, who took occasion 
to extol Harvey's letters and to ask that others which 
he had heard of might also be given to the world. 
After what we have seen of Harvey's literary artifices, 
this is a little suspicious. The letters appeared in two 
groups, with two title pages : first, the three last of the 
series ; and, secondly, the two first.  All were written 
between October, t 579,and May, t 58o,--two by Spenser 
and three longer ones by Harvey. 
Spenser was apparently no longer Secretary to the 
Bishop of Rochester but in the service of Lord Leicester, 
though living in Westminster, where he died twenty 
years later. At Leicester House he would be frequently 
In the society of Philip Sidney and Edward Dyer. 
These two gentlemen had been fired--not apparently 
by Harvey or Spenser but by Archdeacon Drant--with 
the desire of introducing into England poetry written 
in classical metres and without rime, and in their 
àpt,e¢e' (as Spenser writes jestingly) they had pre- 
scribed the laws ofquantity in English verse, improving 
on rules submitted to them by Drant. Spenser himself, 
who in the past had withstood Harvey's exhortations 
 Ttt Por and vittie, familiar Letters. Two o,n very commendable 
Letters. Ent. Sttioners' Registcr, June 3o. 

OE8 The Letters 

in favour of classical metres, from the feeling that 
Harvey and Ascham stood alone in the preference, had 
come over to the cause when he saw it had powerful 
patrons at Court. ' I am, oflate, more in loue wyth my 
Englishe Versîfying 1 than with Ryming: whyche I should 
haue done long since, if I would then haue followed your 
councell.' ' I perceiue you.. continue your old exercise 
of Versifying in English: which glorie I had now 
thought shoulde haue bene onely ours heere at London 
and the Court.' He encloses some English lines of his 
own in ' lambicum trimetrum.' This letter was begun at 
¥estminster on October  5th and ended on the 16th. 
With it, however, were enclosed a Latin poem of Fare- 
well to Harvey before Spenser's expected voyage to 
France, and a postscript, dated ' Leycester House this 
5 ofOctober 1576. ' These additions had by mistake not 
been sent earlier. * The Latin poem is specially interest- 
ing for the light it throws on Spenser's view of his own 
character and Harvey's. He himself was distracted by 
love, and maintained ' in parvis bene qui scii desipuisse, 
Soepe superciliis palmam sapientibus aufert.' Harvey was 
ready to sacrifice ail the sweets of life to his ambition. 
Spiritus ad summos, scio, te generosus Honores 
Exstimulat, maiusque docet spirare Poetam, 
Quam levis est Amor, & tamen haud levis est Amor omnis. 
Ergo nihil laudi reputas oequale perenni, 
Proequê sacrosancta splendoris imagine tanti, 
Coetera, quoe vecors, uti Numina, vulgus adorat, 
Proedia, Amicitias, vrbana peculia, Nummos, 
Quoeque placent oculis, formas, spectacula, Amores, 
Conculcare soles, vt humum, & ludibria sensus. 
Digna meo cette Harveio sententia, digna 
Oratore amplo, generoso pectore, quem non 
Stoica formidet veterum Sapientia vinclis 
Sancire eeternis : sapor haud tamen omnibus idem. 
I 'Versifying' with Spenser implies writing according to clasical prosody. 
-* The point was made clear to me by Dr. McKerrow. 

Ube Letters OE9 

To this letter and its enclosures Harvey replied on 
OE30ctober, from 'Trinitie Hall, stil in my gallerie.' 
He calls Drant 'your gorbellied toaster,' 1 and sneers 
at his rules, which he had neither seen nor heard of 
before. Evidently he is jealous of Drant for robbing 
him of the glory of converting Sidney and Dyer to his 
views of versifying. At some length he dwells on 
Spenser's expectation of going abroad in Leicester's 
service. He even seems to refer to a similar prospect 
for himself when, speaking of' Titles,' he says, ' I hope 
by that time I have been resident a yeare or twoo in 
Italy, I shall be better qualifyed in this kind.' This, 
however, is probably hot to be taken seriously. There 
is a curious break in the correspondence between 23 
October, I579 and April, I58o. Was Spenser abroad 
in this interval ? 
Spenser's next letter, dated 2 April, refers to a visit 
Harvey had paid him 'the last time we lay together 
in Westminster,' but we bave no evidence that Harvey 
had visited Leicester House at that time. He promises 
to give Harvey Drant's rules of quantity as improved 
by Sidney and himself, says he is now going to work 
at his Faery Queene, and begs Harvey to return it to 
him with his criticism. He refers to the earthquake 
which had just been felt in London.  Harvey's letter 
of 7 April tells how he had felt the earthquake when 
playing cards with some ladies at a gentleman's house, 
near Saffron Waldron (apparently), and gives the sub- 
stance of" a disquisition on earthquakes ruade to his 
friends the same evening, in which he advanced natural 
causes for their occurrence, and tried to dissipate idle 

1 Drant sa)'s of himself in Sl,oa  Corpore concrevi, turboe numerandus obesoe.' 
 Spenser's letter quarto Norias Aprilis' z April} must be wrongl)' dated, as 
the earthquake took place on 6 April. Probabl¥ 'Nonas' was a slip for qdus'. 

30 Tbe Letters 

terrors. Speaking of his poems he says ' my Anticos- 
mopolita [is] neither an inch more forward, nor backe- 
warde than he was fully a twelve-month since in the 
Courte, at his laste attendaunce upon my Lorde there.' 
Does this imply that Harvey had himself hot been in 
attendance on Lord Leicester for some time ? I see 
nothing in these letters to support the common state- 
ment that Hariey was a regular visitor at Leicester 
House at the meetings of Sidney and Dyer's «Areopagus'. 
Harvey ends his letter with a severe criticism of the 
state of the University, which was occupied rather with 
modern French and Italian literature than deep learning, 
which was permeated with the spirit of worldly self- 
seeking, and in which wealthy and noble youths were 
allowed to lire as they liked, regardless of academical 
discipline. He makes a particular attack on one per- 
sonality of the University, whom, addressing Spenser, 
he calls 'your old Controller.' From what happened 
afterwards we know that he meant Dr. Perne. 1 In the 
last letter of the rive, written in answer to Spenser's of 
the OEnd (?) April, Harvey introduces several sers of 
English verses ofhis own, including Speculum q"uscanismi, 
a satire on an Englishman Italianate, and, characterist- 
ically enough, several sets done for him by his brother 
John, then aged sixteen and a third year student of 
Queens' College. He writes with excellent good sense 
on the laws ofquantity in English. If our verse is to be 
measured by syllables long by nature or by position, 
we must first have an orthography conformable to our 
natural speech, i.e., phonetic spelling ; and we must hot 
make syllables long in verse which in our natural prosody 
are short, e.g., the middle syllables of 'carpenter,' 

 How Spenser could have corne under the control of the lblaster of Peterhouse 
is hard to see. Perne was, however, Vice-Chancellor in I 574-5, and Spenser may 
have corne into conflict with him in that capacit)'. 

:t e Letters give offence 3  

'suddenly,' ' merchandise.' Here, so far from Harvey 
forcing his pedantry on Spenser, he is protesting against 
the excess of pedantry to which Spenser had fallen a 
victim, along with Sidney and Dyer, at the hands of the 
« fat-bellyed Archdeacon.' Harvey was no pedant, with 
ail respect to those who bave treated him as the pedant 
par excellence. He was a critical reader of all literatures 
and all sciences of his day. What failed him was that 
play of mind which can take delight in dreams and 
shadows and music--what we call pure imagination: 
and there is no greater example of it than his faint 
praise of the Faery Queene in this letter. For himself, 
he acknowledges that he had spent too much ofhis lire 
in desultory reading and trifling, and it was time to be 
making a career. ' I truste I shall shortly learne to 
employ my trauaile, and tyme, wholly or chiefely on 
those studies and practizes, that carrie, as they sa)re, 
meate in their mouth.' 
If he hoped that the publication of these letters 
would assist him to make a career, he was sadly dis- 
appointed. In the first place the publication of rive 
private letters of two young Cambridge men of thirty or 
under was a proceeding certain to excite ridicule, and 
no one could believe then, any more than now, that the 
publication was without Harvey's connivance. But the 
contents of the letters were also open to objection. The 
University was aggrieved at the picture drawn of its 
degeneracy. Lord Oxford, instigated by John Lyly, 
the author of Eupbues, was said to have taken offence 
at the Speculum 'uscanismi as a satire on himself (he had 
quarrelled with Philip Sidney the year before), and Sir 
James Croft, the Controller ofthe Queen's Household, 
saw an attack on bim in the passage directed against 
Spenser's old Controller, Dr. Perne. 

3 2 Harvey's Defence 

According to Nashe's account in later years, Harvey 
had to take refuge in the house ofa nobleman (no doubt 
Lord Leicester), whence Sir J. Croft ferreted him out 
and had him sent to the Fleet.  
Harvey acknowledged that he had to give an explana- 
tion ofhis words to the University, to which he professed 
his dutiful and entire affection. He denied that his 
Speculum quscanismi was directed against Lord Oxford 
or gave him any offence. He acknowledged that letters 
passed between him and Sir James Croft which were 
read at the Queen's Council Table, but he denied 
that he was ever sent to the Fleet. He explained the 
tone of his letter by his irritation at being crossed through 
the ill-will of Dr. Perne in his candidature for the Public 
Oratorship ofthe University. 
læetters may bee priuately written, that would hot bee pub- 
likely diuulged : I was then yong in yeares, fresh in courage, 
greene in experience» and as the manner i% somewhat ouer- 
weeninge in conceit" and for varietie ofstudy, and some deeper 
intelligence in the affayres of the worlde, otherwhiles reading 
ituectiues, and Satyres, artificially amplif},ed in the most exag- 
gerate and hyperbolicall kinde, I coulde hardlie refraine from 
discoueringe some little part of my reading : I had curiously 
laboured some exact, and exquisite poyntes ofstudie and practise, 
and greatly misliked the preposterous and vntoward courses of 
diuers good wits, ill directed : there wanted not some sharpe 
vndeserued discourtesies to exasperate my minde: shall I 
touch the vlcer ! it is no such mysterye, but it may be reuealed : 
I was supposed not vnmeet for the Oratorship of the vniuer- 
sit},, which in that springe of mine age, for my Exercise, 
and credite I earnestly affected : but mine owne modest petition, 
my friendes diligent labour, our high Chancelors most-honour- 
able and extraordinarye commendation, were ail peltingly 
defeated, by a slye practise of the olde Fox : . . . some like 
accidents of dislike, for breuity I ouerslip : young bloud is hot ; 
youth hasty : ingenuity open : abuse impatiente : choler 
stomachous : temptations busie : the Inuectiue vaine, a sturring, 
 Nashe's .tl'ork (McKerrow}, iii. 7 8. Harvey's l"ork Grosart), i. 18o, &c. 

Harvey's Defence 33 

and tickeling vaine: the Sat),ricall humour, a puffinge and 
swellinge humor: Conceit penneth, leisure peruseth, and 
Curtesy commendeth many needlesse discourses: Idlenesse, 
the greatest Author & variablest Reader in the world : some 
familiar friendes pricked me forward : and I, neither fearing 
daunger, nor suspecting ill measure, (poore credulitie sorte 
beguiled) was hOt vnwilling to content them, to delight a few 
other and to auenge, or satisfie my selfe, after the manner of 
shrewes, that cannot otherwise ease their curst hearts, but 
by their owne tongues, & their neighbours eares. Signor 
Immerito (for that naine will be remembred) was then, and is 
still my affectionate friend, one that could very wel abide 
Gascoignes Steele glasse, and that stoode equallie indifferent to 
either part of the state Demonstratiue : man)' communications, 
and writings may secretlie passe betweene such, euen for an 
exercise of speech, and stile that are not otherwise conuenient 
to be disclosed : it was the sinister hap of those infortunate 
Letters, to fall into the left handes of malicious enemies, or 
vndiscreete friends : who aduentured to imprint in earnest, 
that was scribled in iest (for the moody fit was soone ouer :) 
and requited their priuate pleasure with my publike displeasure : 
oh my inestimable, and infinite displeasure, rVhen there was 
no remedie, but melancholy patience : and the sharpest parte of 
those vnluck), Letters had bene ouer read at the Councell Table : 
I was aduised by certaine honourable, and diuers worshipfull 
persons, to interpreate my intention in more expresse termes : 
and thereupon discoursed euerie particularitie, by way of Articles 
or Positions, in a large Apology ofmy duetiful, and entire affec- 
tion to that flourishing Vniuersitie, my deere Mother i which 
Apology, with not so few as forty such Academicall Exercises, 
and sundry other politique Discourses, I haue hitherto sup- 
Happ), man I, if these two be my hainousest crimes, and 
deadliest sinnes, To bee the Inuentour of the English Hexa- 
meter, and to bee orderlie clapt in the Fleete for the foresaide 
Letters : where he that sawe mee, sawe mee at Constantinople. 
IndeedeSir IamesCroft(whom I never touched with theleast tittle 
of detractions) was cunningly incensed and reincensed against 
mee: but at last pacified by the voluntarie mediation of my 
honourable fauourers, M. Secretary Wilson, and Sir Walter 
Mildmay : vnrequested by any line of my hand, or any woord 
ofmy mouth. Neither dicl I otherwise sollicite, or intreate Sir 

34 Facatzcy in the Public Oratorshit 

Iames, till I had assured notice of his better satisfaction : when I 
writte vnto him, as became mee» in respectiue, and duetifull sorte: 
not for feare of any daunger, but for loue of honourable fauour. 
V¢hich Letters.. the wise knight., accepted fauourablie ... : 
and for my selle earnestly affirmed, I was first wronged by other, 
and then mistaken by him : but now round another man, then 
I was supposed. As for my olde Controwler, Doctor Perne . . . 
he was old enough to answeare for himselfe, and should not bee 
defended b)r him. Onel)r he wished me to proceede louingly 
with the Vniuersity, howsoeuer I dealt with that Doctor. And 
that was ail the Fleeting, that euer I felt : sauing that an other 
company . . . would needs forsooth verye courtly perswade the 
Earle of Oxforde, that some thing in those Letters, and namely 
the Mirrour ofTuscanismo, was palpably intended against him : 
whose noble Lordeship I protest, I neuer meante to dishonour 
with the least preiudicial word of my Tongue, or pen : but euer 
kept a mindeful reckoning of manï bou»den duties toward 
The-same : since in the prime of his gall.test youth, he be- 
stowed Angels vpon mee in Christes Colledge in Cambridge, 
and otherwise voutsafed me manï gratious fauours at the affec- 
tionate commendation of my Cosen, M. Thomas Smith, the 
sonne of Sir Thomas, . . . But the noble Earle, not disposed 
to trouble his Iouiall mind with such Saturnine paltery, stil 
continued» like his magnificent selfe : and that Fleeting also 
proued, like the other, a silly bullbeare, a sorry puffe of winde, a 
thing of nothing.  
This trouble must have occurred in the summer of 
l.çSo. One must retrace one's steps, however, at this 
point to touch on the story of Harvey's candidature for 
the Public Oratorship. 
Richard Bridgewater, LL.D., of King's College, had 
been Public Orator since i.ç73. His resignation had 
been apparently expected for some time, and Gabriel 
Harvey, after his brilliant success as Proelector in 
Rhetoric, may well have looked forward to succeeding 
him. At last, on OE50ctober, I579, Bridgewater an- 
nounced his resignation in a Latin letter to Lord 
Burghley, the Chancellor.  He says that he would 
1 Harvey, FoureLetters. lorles(Grosart)i. 171]&c. " LansdowneMS.21],81L 

Harvey's Candidature 35 

bave resigned earlier if he had thought that the Uni- 
versity could have elected some one with the same 
unanimity and concord with which it had elected him. 
' But since I perceive that this cannot by any means be, 
owing to the importunate ambition of certain persons 
who are contending about it as though it were amatter 
of lire and death, I corne to you and lay my office at 
your feet.' He had hopes that his successor would 
be John Preston (afterwards Master of Trinity Hall). 
For some reason Bridgewater's resignation was hot 
known in the University till early in the following 
April, when Harvey, returning to Cambridge on the 
Ioth (afterexperiencing the earthquake in Essex), found 
that the post was vacant and other candidates were 
already in the field. Two days later he wrote the follow- 
ing letter to Lord Burghley :1 
Dabit hanc mihi ueniam, uti spero, tua Clarissima Amplitudo, 
arque Dignitas, Honoratissime, Sapientissimeque Vir, us, pristina 
fretus, cure in Academicos communiter ornnes, turn in me 
priuatim unum, tare excellenti benignitat% beneficentiaque tua ; 
paul6 in hoc tempore possim uel quàm ipse soleam, audaciùs 
uel, qum tantus feras auctoritatis tuœe splendor, liberiùs ; in re 
longè mihi optatissima, arque antiquissima, singulare quoddam 
implorare Patrocinium tuum. Quod ut pace iam tua semel 
iicea b utcunque meo aliquo merito non licet, ira plan ab 
Honore tuo peto, arque contendo; nihil us unquam neque 
petierim sane humiliùs, neque contenderim uehementius. Neque 
enim tare uoluntate mea aut iuvenili aliqua confidentia incitatus, 
qutm proesentis ui quadam necessitatis, proeter institutum im- 
pulsus, in eo Proesidium, arque opem Summi Cancellarij nostri 
obtestor, in quo domesticorum potiùs suffragia deberem Senatus- 
que Academici sententiam expectare. Sic enim nimirùm habet» 
us expediam, si placet, paucis. 
I Lansdowne MS., 28, 83. The letter is dated 'Pridie ldus Aprilis x579.' 
I think, however, that ' 1579 ' is a slip for' I8O,' On.*- must remember that 
according to then usage, the new year had only begun on zsth Mar¢ so that the 
mistake is intelligible. This letter asks Burleigh for a recommendation. Harvey's 
lester of 16 June, t 5go, thanks him for giing him one. One cannot suppose that 
more than a year had passed in the interval. In 158o the Vice-Chancellor was 
John Hatcher brother of Harey's oid friend, Thomas Hatcher so we can under- 
stand that he xas one of Harey's supporters. 

3 6 Harvey's/lppeal to Lord Burleigh 

Accidit nuper meo quodam, uel infoelici fato, uel miserabili 
solitudine, ut priùs Orator Academioe Bridgeuaterus munere 
se isto abdicare uellet ; tresque id alij me multo iuniores, (de 
coeteris uel inimici iudicent) importunis cum suis, tum ami- 
corum precibus, à ploerisque Doctoribus, Magistrisque propt 
omnibus eflqagitasse,lt ; quàm ego nudiustertiùs domum reuersus, 
et nihil omnin6 tale suspicatus, iamque priuata quadam certarum 
rerum occupatione distentus, id aliquo modo resciscere potuissem. 
Fatetur quidem mei amantissimus Procancellarius, se mihi po- 
tius, quàm cuiquam alij suffragaturum fuisse, nisi mea illi partim 
absentia, partira etiam post reditionem silentium persuasisset, nec 
id me omnin6 curasse ; et ira iuri iam esse ciuili addictum, atque 
astrictum, ut ab eius adhuc quotidiano studio, nulla uellem cui- 
usquam muneris procuratione diuelli. Fatentur idem Doctores : 
Magistri etiam plerique omnes proritentur" nunc uer6 necessari6 
sibi standum esse promissis : nisi extraordinaria a]iqua ratione, 
et tanquam personali quopiam Priuilegio, (quod i]li uehementer 
cuperent) mihi possem ipse in tantis diflîcultatibus, atq ue angustijs 
Quid facerem ? Solus mihi occurrebat Honoratissimus, idem- 
que beneficentissimus, atque optimus Cancellarius, qui suis id ad 
Procancellarium, reliquosque Doctores et unis, et breuissimis 
Literis, quam facillim effectum date posset, quod et ego tare 
impens, tamque ardenter postularem, et il]i (re iam integra, 
sa]uaque superioris promissi ride) quam libentissim, cupidissi- 
mèque concederent. Quod si impetrare quamprimùm liceret 
 Proestantissima Dominatione tua (celeritatem namque res 
desiderat) noe ego me tibi long omnium obligatissimum, obstric- 
tissimumque existimarem.. Datum Cantabrigioe, ex Aula Trini- 
tatis. Pridie Idus Apriles, 1579- Quia equitare ipse per valetudi- 
nem non potui, rogaui ornatissimum uirum, amicissimumque 
meure, Doctorem Stillum, ut, meo nomine, expectatissimas tuas 
ad Academiam Literas, (de honoririca enim, et propensa vo]un- 
tate, spero profect6 optimt) pro arbitrio, placitoque tuo proesto]a- 
Tui Amplissimi Honoris, semper, ut par est, obseruantissimus, 
longëque obsequentissimus, 
GalL Halvjtss. 
According to Harvey Dr. Perne was using his influ- 
ence against him, and although Lord Burleigh wrote 

Burleigh's Fruitless Letter 37 

a letter in his favour it had no effect. Harvey thanked 
Burleigh on the I4th June in the following terms :1 
Ex quo Honoratissimas tuas accepi, easdemque singularis 
cuiusdam beneuolentiœe, fauorisque plenas, meo ad Academiam 
nomine, non ita pridem perscriptas Literas ; semper, Amplissime 
Domine, in ea fui sententia, semperque ero, Infinitum quiddam 
esse, quod ego, homo minutus, et unus  multis Academicus, 
perexiguœe quidem certe facultatis, uoluntatis solùm non con- 
temnendae, Honoratissimœe debeam Dominationi tuœe. 
Quanquara enim nondum eum sint effectum, qui à me opta- 
batur, sperabatur à meis, consecutœe, (neque enim vetus Orator; 
lic+t idem Doctor, quod haud scio an unquara sit visum antea, 
et licèt Septennium illud exegerit, quod est Lege, Consuetudi- 
neque proestitutum, et licët etiam, quod caput est, homo diues, 
atque diuitis Episcopi Cancellarius, pluribus implicetur negoti- 
orum turbis, quàm ut unquam ipse per se, aut soleat, aut possit 
huius functioni muneris incumbere ; eo se, aliquo adhuc modo 
priuari, seu potius leuari patitur): ita tamen causam ageban t meam, 
et tam illustre atque luculentum prœe se ferebant eximioe cuiusdam, 
et perhonorificœe benignitatis Testimonium tuœe, quod etiam 
Propria Manus ornabat, augebatque plurimum ; ut non modo 
Honori me tuo multis Obligationum uinculis putem obstrictum, 
sed perpetuam, et agnoscere priuatim cogar, et public profiteri 
debeam, Seruitutem. 
Certè nunquam committam, ut non summi uidear ]3eneficij 
loco ducere, In Illius esse quantulacunque Gratia, cul uel notum 
esse, summum reputo Beneficium. In qua cure multis abhinc 
annis opinione uixissem, nec diu assequi possem tamen, quod 
tantopere cuperem, sperarem in die% in hebdomade% in menses, 
in annos singulos, effeci aliquando tandem . . . ut et aliquam 
mei notitiam, et qualecunque haberes obseruantissimi illiu% 
deditissimique animi chartaceum Monumentum... Ad quas.. 
Favoris tui Primitias, cure tantus, et Valdini iam tutu, et alibi 
non ita rouit6 post, et ex eo, illarum maximè dignatione Literarum 
quasi Cumulus Honoratissimarum Beneuolentiarum accesserit.. 
(I should be utterly ungrateful if I did hot venerate you). 
Cantabrigioe tuoe, ex Aula Trinitatis. 8 Calendas Julias, 

1 Lansdown¢ MS. 3o 7- 

38 Harvey once more Jubilant 

It would scem from the above letter that the effect of 
Perne's intervention was to induce Bridgewater to con- 
tinue in office for some time longer. And it was not till 
March, x 5 8c)-I, that a new Orator was elected, and then 
the choice fell on a rival. Harvey, then, by June,  580, 
felt that he had been foiled in his candidature through 
the machinations of Perne. This led him to attack the 
University, and Perne in particular, in his letter to 
Spenser, and was one cause of the troubles (mentioned 
on page 3 I) which the publication of his letters brought 
on him. 
Vhen F, is difficulties were over he returned to 
Cambridge, as Nashe would have us believe, in no way 
Where after his arriuall, to his associates and companions he 
priuatly vaunted what redoublcd rich brightnes to his naine, 
this short eclipse had brought, and that it had more dignified and 
raisd him, than ail his endeuours from his childhood. With 
such incredible applause and amazement of his Iudges hee 
bragd hee had cleard himselfe, that euery- one that was there 
tan to him and embrast him, and shortly hee was promist to be 
cald to high preferment in court, not an ace lower than a 
Secretariship, or one of the Clarks of the Councell. Should I 
explaine to you how this wrought with him, and how in the 
itching heate of this hopefull golden worlde and hony moone, 
the ground would no longer beare him, but to Sturbridge 
Fayre,  and vp and downe Cambridge on his foot-cloth maies-- 
tically he would pace it, with manie moe madde trickes of 
youth nere plaid before i in stead of making his heart ake with 
vexing, I should make ),ours burst with laughing. Doctor 
Perne in this plight nor at any other rime euer met him, but 
he would shake his hand and crie F'anitas vanitatum, omnia 
vanitas, Vanitie of vanitie% and ail things is vanitie. 
His father he vndid to furnish him to the Court once more, 
where presenting himsclfe in ail the cGulours of the raine-bow, 
and a paire of moustachies like a black horse tayle tyde up in 
a knot, with two tuffts sticking out on each side, he was askt 

 Sturbridge Fait opened annually in September. 

lSecomes Secret, try to Lord Leicester 39 

by no meane personage Unde hec insania ? whence proceedeth 
this folly or madnes ? & he replied with that wether-beaten 
peice of a verse out of the Grammer, 8emel innaniuimus omne«, 
once in our dayes there is none ofvs but bave plaied the ideots ; 
and so was he counted and bad stand by for a Nodgscombe. 
He that most patronizd him, prying more searchingly into him, 
and tïnding that he was more meete to make sport with, than 
anie way deeply to be employd, with faire words shooke him 
of, & told him he was fitter for the Vniversitie, than for the 
Court or his turne, and so bad God prosper his studies & sent 
for another Secretarie to Oxford. 1 
This seems to imply that in the late autumn of  580 
Harvey was for a rime in Lord Leicester's service as 
his Secretary. We may remember that this was the rime 
when Spenser left Leicester's service in order to accom- 
pany Lord Grey of Wilton to lreland, " and it would 
be very natural that he should persuade Lord Leicester 
to put Harvey in the place he was vacating. That 
Harvey was for a time at Court under Leicester's 
patronage is clear from Spenser's Colin Clouts corne home 
again, where, after Colin has been inveighing against the 
Court, Hobbinoll (Harvey) retorts (I. 73 OE) : 
Ah, Colin, then said Hobbinoi, the blame 
Which thou imputest is too generall, . . . 
For well I wot sith I myselfe was there 
To wait on Lobbin (Lobbin well thou knewest), &c. 
' Lobbin' is undoubtedly Leicester. See E.K.'s note 
on Shqheards Calender, xi.   3 : ' Lobbin, the naine of 
a shepherd, which seemeth to have bene the loyer and 
deere frend of Dido.' 
One might hesitate to accept any statement about 
Harvey given by an enemy. Nashe's account is curi- 
ously confirmed, however, by the Latin play Pedantius, 

 Nashe's lF'ork (McKcrrow), iii. 7 8. 
Lord Grey landed in Dublin on z August. 

4o Ridiculed at Cambrtdge tri t'ecantlus 

acted at Trinity College, Cambridge, probably in 
February, 58o-t. Nashe himselfe tells us  that in the 
chief character of the comedy, Pedantius himself, ' the 
concise and firking finicaldo fine Schoole-master,' Harvey 
'was full drawen and delineated from the soale of the 
foote to the crowne ofhis head. The iust manner of his 
phrase in his Orations and Disputations they stufft his 
mouth with, & no Buffianisme [buffoonery] throughout 
his whole bookes but they bolsterd out his part with : 
• . . I leaue out halfe ; hot the carrying vp of his gowne, 
his nice gare on his pantofles, or the affected accent of 
his speach, but they personated. And if I should reueale 
all, I thinke they borrowd his gowne to playe the Part in, 
the more to flout him.' The play, as we bave it, abun- 
dantly confirms Nashe's statement. 
We have references to Pedantius' rhetorical discourses 
in the public schools, to his personal peculiarities, his 
mustaches and pantofles, to his going to Court, where 
a favorite pupil had preceded him, to the airs he gave 
himselfin the company ofthe great, to his ignominious 
return, to a difference with the University which led 
him to retire to his Tusculan villa. His poems, the 
Speculum uscanismi and Musarum Lacbryme, are intro- 
duced by naine.  
It is clear that though Harvey had gained the devoted 
love and admiration of Spenser, though his abilities and 
learning were beyond dispute, he had ruade himself 
ridiculous in Cambridge, and given a handle to his 
enemies. Next month Anthony Wingfield,  who perhaps 
had a hand in the composition of Pedantius,  was elected 

 kl/orks, iii. 80. -" See my edition (Bang's Materialien, viii. pp. xxxii-I). 
 Possibly he was known to be a persona g, rata at Court as the Queen had 
previously desired Trinity College to confer on him the rectory of Caisshaw in 
Bedfordshire, xvhich the Master and Fellows in a letter of 3 Dec. * 579 said would 
be contrary to their statutes (Lansdowne MS. 28, 86). 
 Pedantius» ut sup. pp. xi-xvii. 

ls hOt elected Public Orator 4  

Public Orator of the University, and Harvey had sus- 
tained his first great defeat. 
It was a curious coincidence that, when Harvey in 
May, 1583, was appointed by his College to fill a vacancy 
in the office of Junior Proctor ofthe University, he had 
as his five-months colleague Anthony Wingfield. 

4 OE Harvey and lais Brothers 


IT is time to turn for a moment to Harvey's private 
circumstances. He still had a haven of refuge in his 
father's house at Saflî'on Walden, and he round balm for 
his wounds in the extraordinarily close attacbment which 
united all the members ofthe family to which he belonged. 
Two of his brothers, as we have seen, had followed him 
to Cambridge. Richard had been matriculated as a pen- 
sioner of Pembroke on  5 June,  575, had proceeded 
B.A. in 577-8, commenced M.A. in 58 I, and become 
a fellow ofhis college, where he probably remained till 
he was preferred to the rectory of Chislehurst in October, 
586. Dr. McKerrow says: 'The most noteworthy 
feature ofhis University career would seem to have been 
his partisanship ofthe Ramistic logic, in praise ofwhich 
he wrote his Ephemeron sive Pwan, in gratiam perpurgat.e 
reformat, eque Dialectic,e,  583-' The book was dedicated 
to Lord Essex, who was ever a bountiful patron of its 
author. Rare us' Logic must bave been generally studied 
in the University, as it x;-as among the books bought for 
Lord Essex himself on his entering Trinity in  577- 1 
Gabriel Harvey, as we bave seen, had shocked conserva- 
tive minds in his early days at Pembroke by supporting 
some of Ramus' tenets against Aristotle ; and in this 
revolt against the infallibility of Aristotle, Richard 
followed his elder brother, with similar ill results to 
himself. Nashe addresses Richard : 'Thou hadst thy 
hood turnd over thy eares when thou wert a Batchelor, 
for abusing Aristotle, and setting him vp on the Schoole 

 Lansdosne MS. zS, 4 6. 

Richard Harvey 43 

gates, painted with Asses eares on his head.' * He must 
have been a scholar ofsome mark among his contempor- 
aries for (apparently in the year 1583-4) he was University 
Proelector in Philosophy. Not having Gabriel's rail 
stature--' Pigmey Dicke,' Nashe calls himmhe seems 
to have also lacked his great intellectual force, while 
he had his full share of Gabriel's weak points. The 
only extant letter of Gabriel's addressed to him * was 
apparently called forth by some foolish conduct vhich 
had caused him to be punished by the Master of his 
College (possibly the act referred to by Nashe). Gabriel 
urges him to solicit the Master without delay for his 
'restitution,' and then settle himself to other things, 
especially his «Astronomicall Dialogues.' This work, 
on which Richard was engaged, was no doubt that which 
appeared under the title An Astrological Discourse,  early 
in 1583. It prophesied all sorts of ill consequences from 
the conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter which was to take 
place on 28 April of that year, and entailed boundless 
ridicule on its author when its predictions came to 
nothing. The whole was addressed to Gabriel, whose 
attitude towards his brother's pursuit is well shown and 
is creditable to him : ' You advertize me either hOt so 
much to addict my selfe to the studie, and contempla- 
tion of Judiciall Astrologie ; or else by some euident 
and sensible demonstration, to make certeine and infal- 
lible proofe what general good I can do my countrie 
thereby, or what speciall fruite I can reap thereof unto 
my selfe.' In a prefatory letter to John Aylmer, Bishop 
of London, Richard announces that he is 'shortly to 
professe Diuinity (so soone as my place in the Colledge 
shall call me thereunto).' 
1 Nashe's Worts s i. a95. Dr. McKerrow shows that the first wotlls probably 
mean 'Thou wast suspended from thy degree.'  Letter-book, p. 83. 
a Though, as Dr. McKerrow points out, this is not in dialogue form. 

44 John Harvey 

The third brother, John, matriculated as a pensioner 
of Queens' College in June, 578, perhaps choosing 
that college because Sir Thomas Smith had j ust founded 
some scholarships there for which preference was to be 
given to his own naine and kindred and to scholars of 
Saffron \Valden School. He graduated B.A. in  58o- I, 
and M.A. in z584, when he seems to have become 
tutor at Wendon Lofts, near Saffron Walden, in the 
family of Mr. Justice Meade, whose daughter Martha 
he afterwards married. He, too, was bitten with a 
passion for astrology, and early plunged into author- 
ship. On the eve of the conjunction of Jupiter and 
Saturn in 583 he put forth An .4strologicall .4ddition 
to Richard's work, and so secured his own share of 
ridicule. ' My brother Gabriel,' he says, ' beeing of him 
selle otherwise affected, bath hot disliked either of my 
brother Richard's, or of my exercise in this kinde ;' and 
addressing Gabriel himself, he expresses his gratitude 
for Gabriel's tare of his early studies. ' I must be 
thankful first vnto God, and then vnto those, whom it 
hath pleased him to make my founders, and chieflie 
your selle.' 
It is easy to understand that these demonstrations 
of fraternal admiration taken in conjunction with the 
writings ofthe younger Harveys helped to bring ridicule 
on all three brothers. 
Nashe tells us, 1 and we may take his statement for 
what it is worth, that there was ' a shewe' ruade at Clare- 
Hall of the three Harveys, and another of' the little 
Minnow Dodrans Dicke, at Peterhouse called 
Dunsfurens, Dick Haruey in a frensie. 
Whereupon Dick came and broke the Colledge glasse 
windowes : and Doctor Perne (being then either for 

iii. 80. 

1ll the Brothers laughed at 45 

himselfe or Deputie Vice-Chancellour) caused him to be 
fetcht in, and set in the Stockes till the Shew was ended, 
and a great part of the night after.' 
Another illustration of the impression ruade by the 
Harveys may be round in a letter written by an Oxford 
undergraduate in this year, x 583, to a cousin who had 
just left the University :1 
Cognato suo charissimo Stephano Waterhouso 
Prodijt his ultimis diebus Johannis Harveij Libellus in quo 
fratris sui Richardi parte, strenue et viriliter agit adversus otaries 
inimicorum insultus, nihil prmter insulsam loquacitatem et 
insignem arrogantiam spirans, vt eodem simul omnes ovo genitos 
iurares esse : imo ovum ovo tare simi]e non est quam Johannes 
Richardo et vterque Gabrieli. Nec dubitat etiam adhuc incon- 
cinnus bi,trio in scoenam rursus prodire Richardus, et ridiculum 
suum Poean de restituta logica cure profuso astantium risu occi- 
nere. Emisit enim in vulgus et in lucem edidit Libellulum qui 
inscribitur Poean Harveij de restituta logica, quo nihil unquam 
legi insulsius, nihil ineptius, nihil iejunius: a quo si verba 
demas, omnia dempseris et ne hilum quidem reliqueris. Prodijt 
etiam tandem repertus a tenebris in quibus per rot decursa 
oetatum spacia delituit, Ciceronis de consolatione libèllus, quem 
iicet supposititium arbitrentur nonnulli, quibus non gravate 
meure etiam ascribam iudicium ; singulari tamen artificio con- 
textus, et ipsissimam Ciceronis phrasin referens, vix potest a 
coeteris Ciceronis iibris dignosci. Nisi nimis multa repeteret 
quoe pas, ira in alijs Ciceronis libris reperiuntur, omnino Cice- 
ronis Libellulum esse eiurarem. Nisi rei nummarim diflïcultate 
laborarem, istos ad te codices deferendos curarem. 
Vale raptim e collegio .,Eneanasensi 
Augusti vltimo An. Dni. t 583, 
Cognatus tibi addictissimus, 

I Rawlinson MS., D. 98, 46. 
 Rob. Batt, of Y'orkss arm., matric. Brasenose 9 Nov.s I $79, aged 9  B.A.s 
6 Feb.s  Sz-3 ; M.A. (Unir. Coll.) z 9 Apr.  86 i B.D.  594- Stcph. Water- 
house, of Y'orks, gent, matric. Magd. Hall, 9 Apr., 
Coll.)  jul),s  8 : M.A. z 7 June,  çS. I have given the whole letter because 
Nashe accuses Gabriel ofhaving forged the spurious Ciceronian work De eonsolatione 
(otherwise attributed to Sigonius). It is noteworth, tht Batt does hot do tbis. 

4 6 Facancy in the l¢astership of Frinity Hall 

In February, 584-5, died Dr. Henry Harvey, 
Master of Trinity Hall,  and was buried on Friday, 
the tth. The fellows of the college had deferred any 
meeting to elect a successor till after Dr. Harvey's 
funeral, and they had still hot met when a letter was 
received from Sir Francis Walsingham conveying the 
Queen's command that the election should be stayed. 
They now held a meeting, and addressed a letter to 
Walsingham and to Lord Burleigh asking the Queen 
hOt to nominate an), one for the mastership until she 
had read the statutes prescribing the manner of election 
and the qualifications of the toaster, which they there- 
fore enclosed. The letter was signed by ten fellows, but 
Gabriel Harvey's name is not among them.  Harvey 
himself had hot stayed to sign the letter. He had 
believed himself sure of being elected, and was bitterly 
disappointed at the check to his hopes. He posted up 
to London, and delivered a letter of his own to Lord 
I beseech you good My Lord, haue patience this once, and 
I will hot troble, or importune yo" L. again in hast. Myself 
woold not be seen to stay after yo r L. answer, assuring me of 
repulse, for xl 1i. The summe of my proesent intendiment is 
this. Partly A reuerence to yo" L. great autority, and part[y 
so round and peremptory A signification of ber Ma ty« pleasure 
contrary to my long hope, and frustratory expectation, so 
alltogither astoonished me at ye very first, that I do scarsely 
remember myselfe euer so tung-tyed before. I was yesterday 
at Trinity Hall, when we uniuersally agreeid on this Answer 
to ye Letters sent from yo  L. & M. Secretary first to obey 
ber Maiestyes commaundiment for ye stay : and then to make 
humble supplication, that it might please her Maty to vouchsafe 
us A fuller cognisaunce of the Cause, and farther consideration 
ofowr statutes concerning ye order and forme ofowr proceeding 

 The date of his death as given by Cooper and the D.N.B. (zoth February) 
is clearl wrong. 
 Lansdowne MSS., 43, 4 °. The letter is dated ;çth Feb. 

Queen Commands tbe Election tobe Stayed 47 

in that behalfe. Which humble supplication makith exceed- 
ingly for me : considering how ye statures of },e howse make 
especialljt for me ; how the suffrages of jte cumpan), make 
especiall)' for me ; and in truth how euery fauorable, and 
charitable respect makith especially for me. ]]y owr statures, 
none is eligible, but ether A fellow, suflïciently qualified, or for 
want ofsuch, A student in the Towne at this præsent. Vhere- 
unto thes principall considerations ar to be addid, ut non 
beneficiati beneficiatis, pauperiores ditioribus praeferantur. Ail w' 
circumstances were supposid more agreable unto me then any 
my competitour. Then for uoyces, I had fiue of ten ; the 
other fiue being deuided in to three partialityes, for Bettes, 
II/hitcraft, and Berrv. so that no man now is proeiudiced, and 
ouerthrowen by ber Maiestyes Mandate, but my porc miserable 
selfe, who (if I had taken an other course,) might uery likely 
haue proeuentid any such Mandate. But reposing my only 
hope first & last in yo  L. and with consideration hot vsing 
Mine owne Lord in so great an affaire ofyo' Vniuersity, I ara 
wofully disapoyntid. I woold to God, my case had hot bene, 
or were hot more fauorable, and more commiserable in ail 
respectes, then ye case of any my Competitour. Trul)', My 
Lord, there is no scholler in lngland of my continuaunce and 
trauayle in study, that standith in so slender condition, as 
myselfe. I neuer },et had any thing bestowed uppon me, hauing 
referrid great part of my studyes to aduaunce the honour of ye 
greatist in autority, with as much regard to ye pruesente state, 
as possibely I cowld. Alàs ] this benefitt woold haue ruade me : 
m l, competitours af made alreddy ; and shall haue lytle accesse 
ether of woorship, or commodity by this petite prœeferment. As 
for )re judgment of any out Heddes, the uery truth is, hot any 
o! of them knowith me to an), purpose, but on[y D. Still, and 
hot he so much, as My L. of Rochester, nor euen he nether so 
much, as I can make certain and infallible proofe of uppon euery 
triall of ualu. Nether did I euer requier the testimony of any 
on of them, till yesterday after on of ye clock in ye afternoone 
I moouid M. Chaderton  to that effect, only to prœeuent A 
counterpractis, that uery secretly wa» intimatid unto me. And 
but that I thowght it more materiall, and weighty, to deale 
immediatly abooue, I was halfe persuadid to experiment the 
rest in lyke sort. I saw prœesent comfort, or discomfort to ly in 

i The first Master of Emmanuel ( 

48 Harvey's Bitter Disappointment 

her Maiestyes hand, and therefore after assuraunce what was 
doon by Mr. Bett«,, M. Berry, and ve rest, I stayed not ye 
subscription to o" Answer, but prouided myselfe for this iorny, 
taking horse at three of ye clock, &c. Truly My brothers, and 
myselfe w tb my man, haue nyghhand kylled fower good geid- 
inges abowt this suyte, besyde other charge abooue my hability. 
So that I remayne now more vndoon, then before. My finall 
most humble suyte is, that in case ber Maiesty shall uppon inti- 
mation ofowr statures, condescende to owr humble supplication, 
it may please yo' good L. to continu my good Lord ; and thynke 
fauorably ofso fauorable, and œequitable A cause. Myselfe euen 
for uery shame to shewe my face in ye Towne, am now con- 
straynid to go post, as I cam post. Thus hoping that yo r good L. 
will i nterpret ye proe misses no otherwyse then was meant (only to 
declare m), singular Interest in this suyte, whatsoeuer bath bene 
speciously suggestid) I committ yo" L. to ye protection of God. 
Here in London, Raptissimè. This uery Munday morning. 
Yo" good Lordshippes euer most dutifull 
at commaundiment, V nhappy Haruey. 
I know owr Doctors, as well, and better then they know me : 
and I dowt not but I may be hable to creditt, or discreddit ye 
best of them w tb more effect, then ye best of them can 
creditt, or discredit me : as I hope yo' wisdom wiil acknowledg 
vppon sum more jnward knowledg of me. In ye meane, I 
beseech yo' good L. proesume the best, howsoeuer these petite 
goouernours proesume of my goouernement withowt tryail, or 
other iustifiable cause. May it please yo" L. to pardon this 
forcid toediousnes for once: and euer after I protest breuity. 1 
From these letters it seems clear that Harvey had 
not been elected Master as is commonly stated. And 
he was not destined to be elected. Once more he was 
thwarted by secret enemies. On I5 February, thirteen 
Doctors of the Arches who had been brought up in 
Trinity Hall, knowing, no doubt, of the royal missive, 
recommended to Lord Burleigh for the Mastership 
«Mr. Berye, one of the ancientest fellowes of the saine 
house. ' But even they had been forestalled, for before 
the death of Dr. Henry Harvey four heads of houses, 
 Lansdowne MS., 4z, 7- -" Lansdowne MS., 4, 4- 

Ubomas Preston elected 49 

Richard Howland, Bishop of Peterborough and Master 
of St. John's, Andrew Perne, Master of Peterhouse, John 
Bell, Master of Jesus, and Thomas Byng, Master of 
Clare and Professor of Civil Law, had recommended to 
Lord Burleigh Thomas Preston, late of King's College, 
saying' he bath allwayes shewed himselfvoyde of faction' 
and 'the howse at this present (as wee heare) is hot all- 
together free from that inconvenience.'* Perne had once 
more acted as Harvey's enemy--and a powerful one. 
When the royal mandate arrived, it was in favour of 
Thomas Preston. = 
It is possible to associate with this fresh disaster a 
strange episode of Harvey's lire which occurred in this 
year. In 1584, after completing seven years as a student 
of Civil Law, he performed the exercises for his Doctor's 
degree. For some reason he was hot inaugurated and in 
December accordingly forfeited 2os. to the University 
chest. 3 In 585, after thus declining the degree of his 
own Alma Mater, he obtained leave of absence from 
his college, 4 went to Oxford, performed his exercises 
there, and was admitted a Doctor of Civil Law of that 
University on 3 July " As he had hot been previously 

I Lansdowne MS., 42, 72. 
 Thomas Baker (Baker MS., xxxvi, p. o7, Universitï Librarï, Cambrldge) 
speaks ofthe incident in these terres : 
' He [Harveï] was chosen Master but was supplanted bï the cunning & con- 
duct of some of the Heads, on one or more of w t' he reflects bitterly in his English 
works. He was a man of hright and livelï parte & was once in fayot wlth the Lord 
Burleigh our Chancellor who reccommended him hither for the Oratorship : but a 
flashï wit, a rambling Head, & a factious spirit ruin'd his Interest here & put the 
Heads upon procuring the Queen's Mandat for a man of a more peaceable retaper." 
a Grace Book A,, p. 89.  Trinitï Hall. Book of wtcta. 
 The note in the *Registrum Universitatis Oxon.' (Oxf. Hist. Soc.), il. Pt. . 
49, is worth giving. ' z July,  8 $. Harueï, Gabrlel, Master of Trlr. H. Cambr. asked 
D.C.L. in Oxford. He was M.A. Camb. and had had grace to incept there in law 
as was testified in Congregation bï the oath of Richard Wafeeld, John Harueï, and 
William Barker. He was lic. D.C.L. at Oxford on * Julï *85.' How Harveï 
came to be described, or to descrihe himself, as «Master of Trinity Hall', is hard 
to sec. Perhaps the election was still pending, but this is hardly a sufficient justi- 
ficatlon. It is thls note which seems to be the basis of the common statcment that 
Harvey had been elected Master. 

So D.C.L. of Oxford 

admitted at Cambridge, his proceeding was perhaps 
irregular. At any rate Nashe is never tired of twitting 
him with it: 1 
So it is that a good Gowne and a well pruned paire of 
rnoustachios, hauing studied sixteene yeare to rnake thirteene 
iii english Hexameters, came to the Vniuersity Court regentium 
f.ff non» to sue for a commission to carry two faces in a hoode : 
they hot vsing to deny honour to any man that deserued it, bad 
him performe ail the Schollerlike ceremonies and disputatiue 
right appertaining thereto, and he should bee installed. 
Noli me tangere : he likt none of that .... 
Pumps and Pantofles, because they were well blackt and 
glistered jolly freshly on it, being rubd ouer with inke, had 
their grace at length to be Doctour, Ea lege, that they should 
do their acts (that is, performe more than they were able). 
•. so to Oxford they trudge, hauing their grace ad diputandum» 
and there are co»firmed in the saine degree they tooke at 
It seems clear from a note in Harvey's Commonplace- 
Book  that he somehow broke down in performing his 
Acts at Oxford. Commenting on the words ' Ciues 
Audacissimi, et apud multitudinem dicere potentissimi,' 
he adds, 'At Cambridg, in my proctorship my default ; 
at Oxford, in my Acts for my Doctorship.' 
We have hurriedly traced Harvey's career to the year 
I585. We bave seen his triumphs--and we have seen 
them overclouded by reverses• He has reached the age of 
thirty-five; he is a Doctor of Laws, nominally practising in 
the Court of Arches, but probably never getting a case ;3 
he has been at Court and has an overweening confidence 
in his powers of playing a part in public life, but his 
public career has led to nothing and will lead to nothing. 
It is now time to ask what side-lights on his character, 
his successes and failures, are thrown by the notes, 
which he made so freely in his beautiful handwriting in 
his books. 
I Nashe's IIe'orks (McKerrow}, i. ZTg. 
" Add. MSS., 3z 494, P- 5 ° r. 3 Nashe (McKerrow), iii. 73 $5 -6. 

Harvey's Marginalia 5  


HARw"s marginalia give usjust what we should like to 
ha,ce in the case of his greater contemporaries, Spenser 
and Marlowe and Shakespeare. They add, it is true, only 
a few small details to the known facts of his lire ; but 
they throw a flood of light on the books he read, and 
on the thoughts he cherished in secret. When they are 
before us we can indeed say with Dr. E. J. L. Scott that 
Harvey is better known to us than almost any Elizabethan 
writer, though Grosart, who had no liking for him and did 
hOt even master the best-known facts of his lire, strangely 
opined that there was hardly any Elizabethan of whom 
we knew so little. 
The mother ofGabriel Harvey was probably a woman 
' of energetic character, and this is borne out by the one 
saying her son attributes to her, ' Ail the speed is in the 
morning.' He quotes some jesting rimes of a rather 
cynical kind which his father used to repeat, and he tells 
a little story of his own sense of filial duty under pro- 
vocation. His brother Richard appears as smitten with 
admiration for a fair lady ofthe Court ; his brother John 
as an example of rapid learning. 
Harvey tells us something about Spenser, besides 
the fact already referred to that Spenser was for a time 
secretary to Bishop Young of Rochester. x, Ve hear of 
Spenser's admiration of Du Bartas' astronomical book 
(the 4th Day of the t st Week), and also of his regret 
that he had hot more skill himself in astronomical rules, 
tables, and instruments. 
When he would illustrate a rich man's foolish hanker- 
ing for some thing he does hot possess, he thinks of 

New Ligbt on bis Lire and Reading 

Philip, Lord Surrey, who left the side of his young 
countess to court Mercy Harvey; when he would 
illustrate tergiversation and falsity, he thinks of Dr. 
It is from Harvey's marginalia that we know that he 
was University Prœelector in Rhetoric from I573- 4 to 
1575-6 ; that he lost his ready speech on some occasion 
during his Cambridge Proctorship, and again when 
keeping his Acts for the Doctor's degree at Oxford; 
that he succeeded Lancelot Brown in a medical fellow- 
ship at Pembroke ; from them, too, that we hear of a 
disputation in which he was engaged at Trinity Hall, 
and of a match in quick repartee in which he bore off 
the honours at Oxford. 
But these facts about himself and his friends are 
unimportant compared to the new knowledge we get of 
Harvey's reading, of his literary judgments, and of his 
deepest thoughts on lire. The books ofhis which I bave 
handled range from Erasmus' Parabolw, which was in his 
possession in 1566, the year of his going up as a fresh- 
man to Christ's, to a medical work in which he inscribes 
his naine in 159 O. The earliest books are, as one would 
expect, of a humanistic kind, Erasmus, Xenophon in 
Latin, Quintilian, Cicero's Letters, a history of Cicero. 
Events ofthe moment meanwhile make him bu" books 
on Mary, Queen ofScots. A number ofbooks on travel 
and geography, which he acquired in the seventies, 
connect themselves with his hopes of travelling abroad 
in Lord Leicester's service. From 1574 onwards he buys 
books of law, the study to which he was now to devote 
himself. In I584 he is taking up medicine, and about 
the same time resuming the mathematical and scientific 
studies which he had begun years ago at Pembroke. He 
now has special artisans who make instruments for him. 

His wide Literary Interests 53 

Harvey's notes, made generally in Latin, next often 
in English, sometimes in Italian, and here and there in 
French or Spanish, testify to his wide reading in the 
classics, in English, Frertch, and ltaliart literature, in 
works of rhetoric, geography, history, law, politics, and 
in the mathematical and experimental sciences. Several 
times he makes a chart of his reading for a week. Often 
he bursts out into enthusiasm over his favourite authors. 
They are not limited to the great writers of Greece 
and Rome, but include Ramus, Machiavelli, Aretine, 
Du Bartas, Angelus Decembrius, Guevara, Blaise de 
Vigenère, Tasso, Ariosto, Jewel, Chaucer, More, Hey- 
wood, Sidney, Spenser, Smith, Ascham, Wilson, Digges, 
Blundevile, Hakluyt. 
Harvey's reading in a number oflanguages is seen to 
have been enormous, his interests encyclopoedic, tending 
always to the practical, to law, history, politics, natural 
philosophy rather than to pure literature. It is remarkable 
that he makes little reference to the contemporary stage. 
He has a word for Gorboduc, but none for the plays of 
Greene, Marlowe, or Shakespeare, except that now-lost 
note which was seen by Steevens and Malone in Harvey's 
copy of Speght's Chaucer ( 598) : ' The younger sort 
take much delight in Shakespeares Venus and Adonis, 
but his Lucrece and his tragedy of Hamlet Prince of 
Denmarke have it in them to please the wiser sort.'  
The most interesting of Harvey's literary criticisms 
occur in his notes on Gascoigne's Posies. 
The chiefvalue ofthe marginalia, however, lies in the 
light which they throw on H arvey's character and attitude 
towards life. 

 Note in the Variorum Shakespeare (1Si  and 18zl) before Hamlct. Harve),'s 
copy of Speght's Chaucer has been supposed to ha,e perished in the tire vhich 
destroyed Bishop Perc,'s iibrar,. Mrs. Stopes, however, assures me that it exists, 
and that an account of its contents wiii shorti), be published. 

54 ,'1 Man of the Renaissance 

Harvcy is often called a Puritan. Ifto be a Puritan is 
to have a strong sense of personal religion, a spirit of 
self-humiliation, a disposition to despise this lire in com- 
parison with that which is to come, a fanatical intolerance 
of a ceremonial form of religion, Harvey seems to me to 
bave been as little ofa Puritan as any man could be. He 
shows nothing of thé spirit of the fanatic, and the only 
approach to religiousness which I have seen in his notes 
is in the little story to which I have referred, in which 
he promises to pray for his father. 
In his home ttarvey used the language of an ordinary 
Christian ; he believed as a statesman in the necessity of 
religion to a commonwealth ; he was shocked at open 
blasphemies and professed atheism. More than this 
one cannot say. He was too much a man of the ltalian 
Renaissance to be a very fervent Christian. 
Conceive what is meant by the man of the Italian 
Renaissance: the man who aims at universal know- 
ledge ; who can sympathize with the intellectual detach- 
ment of Machiavelli and the audacious licence ofAretine; 
who yet would make scholarship a means rather than an 
end ; who firmly holds that worldly success, power and 
riches are things worth striving for, and things which can 
be won if one is only resolute ; that resolution may 
require the casting away of many moral scruplesmcon- 
ceive such a typical man, and you bave Harvey as he 
appears in these notes written only for his own eye. No 
man lives up to his principles, nor perhaps down to his 
principles, and in the living Harvey there were no doubt 
amiable qualities which could hot be justified by his 
professed opinions ; but Harvey, as he depicts himself 
in these personal notes, is, I believe, the Renaissance man 
pure and simple, and in him we see the full influence ofthe 
Renaissance more clearly than in any other Englishman 
known to us. 

Political Ambitions 5 5 

Harvey was following the Italians when he published 
his inaugural lectures on Rhetoric; he was following 
them when he published his Familiar Letters. From the 
beginning he had without any doubt the hope ofpassing 
from Cambridge to public life ; of treading in the steps 
of Cheke and Smith and Cecil. It was this that fired his 
ardour in his early studies. He would make himself 
a consummate orator, and though a novus homo he 
would rise as Cicero rose. Almost ail the' Megalandri' 
were, he says, excellent orators, and he cites the names 
of Wolsey, Cromwell, More, Gardiner, Smith, Cheke, 
Cecil, Bacon, and others.  The prince's court the only 
mart of preferment and honour. No fishing to the sea, 
nor service to a King.'  Give me entrance,' he cries,  and 
lett me alone. Give me footing, and I will find elbow 
room.' 'Regula regularum, to seek and enforce all 
possible advantages.' ' In any excellent action, più oltra 
the bravest and Imperialest posy in the world. You do 
well, do still better and better--più oltra. Another doth 
or speaketh excellently well, do you and speak you better 
--più oltra.'  Who would not rather be one ofthe nine 
worthies than one of the seven wise masters ?' ' To me 
Cœesar alone is more than all books.' ' Let Pompey be 
false to himself, be conquered and perish : let Coesar be 
true to himselfand conquer and triumph.' Nietzsche 
ruade it a reproach to men of the sixteenth century--and 
especially to Shakespearemthat they failed to recognize 
the greatness of Cœesar. If he had known Harvey, he 
must bave excepted him from this censure. In Harvey 
there is already latent the doctrine ofthe' Uebermensch'. 
With these views of his end, Harvey disparaged the 
writing of books. ' Little or no writing will now serve. 
AI1 writing laid abed as tedious and needless. All is now 
in bold courtly speaking : and bold industrious doing.' 

56 'emperance, Irony, Subsetwience 

Another means to success was the complete subjection 
ofthe body to the mind. He is never weary ofadvoca- 
ting moderation in sleep and food, and the habit of bodily 
exercise, and reproaching himselffor any weakness which 
stood in the way of his attaining the mastery he sought. 
' I was ever a slow-worm in the morning,' he says. 
The ascetic lire, to which he was forced not only by his 
principles but by his constant impecuniosity, is seen in 
Nashe's account of him. 
But the man who is to succeed must not only be 
bold and self-reliat, be must be supple, ceremoniously 
polite, one who can mask all feelings which it would hot 
be politic to express. He must be 'a continual ironist 
like Socrates, Sannazarius, and our Sir Thomas More.' 
He must find ' precedents of honorable behaviour and 
entertainment in Esau and Jacob, the Queen of Saba 
and Salomon, Dido and Aeneas.' 'The Siren every day 
of one's life, The Gorgon hOt once in the year, only 
in extremes.' Even flattery and self-abasement are a 
legitimate means to success. 'Learn from the dog how 
skilfully to treat a Lord or a King. Endure anything in 
the way of wrongs, and fawn none the less.' ' Visible 
flattery is abject and unworthy ofa gentleman ; invisible 
flattery a matter of skill and suited for men of affairs.' 
(These last maxims are in Latin). 
Such were Harvey's principles. In his youth he 
hoped to rise in the world by combining in himselfthe 
qualities of a Cicero and a Coesar ; as disappointments 
came on him he seems to have been ready to adopt baser 
methods. In various places his notes bave the tone ofone 
who feels that he bas failed. 'The coyning of base 
moony, Cardinal Wolseyes great Deuyse to enrych the 
Kynge. The suppressing ofAbbyes, the Lord Cromwells 
famous aduice. The Court of Augmentation S r Francis 
Drakes Gowlden Booty from Spain. At nihil tale feci: 
illis honorificum, mihi turpe.' 

8penser's Eulogy 57 


WI have traced Harvey's lire up to  585, the year of 
his failing to obtain the mastership of Trinity Hall, and 
ofhis taking the degree ofDoctor ofLaws at Oxford. 
Spenser's sonnet to him, the finest tribute ever paid 
to his character and powers, is dated from Dublin, 8 
July, 1586. 

Haruey, the happy aboue happiest men, 
I read: that, sitting like a looker-on 
Of this worldes stage, doest note, with critique pen, 
The sharpe dislikes of each condition ; 
And, as one carelesse of suspition, 
Ne fawnest for the fauour of the great, 
Ne fearest foolish reprehension 
Of faulty men, which daunger to thee thrcat: 
But freely doest, of what thee list cntreat, 
Like a great lord of peerelesse liberty; 
Lifting the good up to high Honours seat, 
And the euill damning euermore to dy: 
For Lire, and Death, is in thy doomefull writing ! 
So thy renowme liues euer by endighting. 
Your deuoted frend during lire, 

Edmund Spenser could hOt be mistaken in praising 
Harvey's critical faculty; but we must feel that he did 
hOt know Harvey as well as we do, when he counted him 
'happy above happiest men,' because 'sitting like a 
looker-on ofthis world's stage' ! To one bitterly chafing 
at being a looker-on and not an actor on that stage, the 
words ofcongratulation must have seemed sadly ironical. 
We have little evidence of meetings or correspond- 
ence between Harvey and Spenser after this date. A mong 

58 Ly/y's lttack 

the manuscript notes, however, which Harvey made in 
Twine's Surueye of the 14/'orld, is the following : ' Pudet 
ipsum Spenserum . . suoe in astronomicis canonibus, 
tabulis, instrumentisque imperitioe, proesertim ex quo 
vidit Blagravi nostri Margaritam mathematicam.' As 
Blagrave's Mathematical Jewel was only published in 
1585, and Spenser is hot likely to have seen it in Ireland, 
this is an indication of" a meeting between the two old 
friends when Spenser was in England about 159 o, or 
on his subsequent visit. Professor Hales, arguing I from 
the fact that Hobbinol is introduced into Colin Clouts 
corne home again, suggests that Harvey visited Spenser in 
Ireland after the latter's return from England, but this 
is at least a very doubtful inference. 
We now corne to the war of" words between Harvey 
and Thomas Nashe, the history ofwhich has been for the 
first time most carefully analysed by Dr. McKerrow. 
The quarrel took its origin in 1589 when Lyly, in his 
anti-Martinist tract, Pap with a Hatcloet, referred con- 
temptuously to Harvey's letters to Spenser of I58o 
and to the offence therein given to Lord Oxford,  which 
Lyly himselfhad apparently fomented. Harvey wrote a 
reply to Lyly, dated from Trinity Hall, 5 November, 
1589, but hOt then published. It contains a most serious 
treatment of the Marprelate controversy, in which 
Harvey's statesmanship, his independence of" ecclesias- 
tical prejudices, and his powers as a writer are seen to 
the highest advantage. He shows that a perfect system 
of Church Government is not to be had in a day, that 
the Primitive Church adapted itselfto temporal circum- 

I Glob« Sp«ns«r, p. xxxviii. 
 «And ne will we conjure vp, that writing a familiar Epistle about the naturall 
causes ot r an Earthquake, fell into the bowells of libelling» m'hich ruade hls eares 
quake for feare of clipping." (Lyly's I4"orks, ed. Bond, iii. 4oo.) He calls Harvey 
the son of a ship-wright or a Tiburnian ¢right. 

.4nswered by Richard Harvey 59 

stances, and that the creation ofa theocracy represented 
by ministerial rule in every parish would be intolerable. 
The better scholar, he says, the colder schismatic. \Ve 
must have mutual charity or Church and State will be 
overthrown. Perhaps nothing wiser or more far-sighted 
was ever written in the whole of the 16th century.  
Next year Richard Harvey (who since we last heard 
of him had been ordained and become rector of Chisle- 
hurst in Kent)  took up the challenge which Gabriel 
had apparently declined. In his work Plaine Percevall, 
while professing a desire to reconcile Martinists and 
anti-Martinists, he attacked the group ofanti-Martinist 
writers in general. It included, of course, Greene, Lyly 
and Nashe. In another treatise, issued early in the saine 
year,  59 o, The Lamb of God, he went out of his way to 
attack Nashe in particular for the arrogance with which 
in his epistle prefixed to Green's Menaphon he had 
criticised contemporary writers of more account than 
himself. Dr. McKerrow quotes the passage, 'Iwis this 
Thomas Nash, one whome I neuer heard of belote (for 

 Had Harvey by this time abandoned his crusade in fvour of classical metres 
in English ? Il would seem so frorn thc tone of conternlt with which ho says, ' I long 
sithenre founde by experienre, how Dranting of Verses, and Euphuing ofsentences 
did edifie.' (Iorks, il. p.  3 
 Richard Harvey was ordained Deacon and Priest by Richard Howland, Bishop 
of Peterborough, on  z December,  58% and was coilated to the Rectory of Chisle- 
hurst, Kent, on  October,  586, by Bishop Young, of Rochester, the latc rnaster of 
Pembroke Hall, who was patron of the living. He compounded for first fruits on 
40ctober. Perhaps he did not go to reside at Chislehurst al once, as he was hot 
licensed to preach till  g Septernber,  87. Even then there appears to have been 
something irregular about his position, as on 6 December,  596, according to the 
Register of the Bishop of Rochester, he was again collated to the rectory, and on thc 
oth again ¢ompounded for first fruits. Nashe (595) accuses hirn of incontinency, 
and says he qost his Benefice and his Wench both al once, his Benefice for want of 
sufficiencie, and his Wench for want of a Benefice.' (I4/orks, iii. 8.) We hear that 
he transcribed the earlier parish reglsters. (History of Chisleburstb}, E. A. Webbs &c.s 
g99, P- 6.) He rnust have died before o June, 63o , when his successor, Richard 
Chace, v¢as instituted. 
A Richard Harvey was collated to the Rectory ofWoldeharn (near Rochester)on 
z 3 july,  596, but only held it for three rnonths, as his successor, W. Nicholson, was 
collated on 4 Novernber. Sirailarl¥ a Richard Harvey was collated to the rector), 
of Maplescombe on z 9 November, 6o. Whether either of these was the Rector 
of Chisl«hurst is not clear. 

60 Death of .lohn Harvey 

I cannot imagin him to be Thomas Nash our Butler of 
Pembrooke Hall, albeit peraduenture not much better 
learned) sheweth himselfe none of the meetest men, to 
censure Sir 'bomas Moore, Sir Iobn Cbeeke, Doctor 14/'atson, 
Doctor Haddon, Maister ,tscham, Doctor Car, my brother 
Doctor Haruey, and such like.' 
After this the war of words slumbered till it was 
revived in Greene's Quip for an Upstart Courtier, pub- 
lished in July, 159 z, just at the time when Gabriel 
Harvey was overwhelmed in the trouble brought on 
him by the death of his brother John. 
John Harvey had married a daughter of Thomas 
Mead, 1 by whom he had had two daughters, Joan and 
Elizabeth. He had received a license to practise medicine 
from the University of Cambridge on IZ June, 1587, 
and had since been practising at King's Lynn. " Gabriel 
was with him in his last hours. ' I can neuer forget,' he 
says, 'that sweete voice of the dying Cignet : ô frater, 
Christus est optimus Medicus & meus solus Medicus. 
Vale Galene, valete humanoe Artes; nihil diuinum in 
terris, proeter animum aspirantem ad coelos. That best 
and his onelie Phisition knoweth what spiritual physicke 
1 commended vnto him, when I beheld in his meager and 
ghastly countenance, that t cannot rehearse without some 
fit of compassion.' 3 
John Harvey was no sooner dead than a violent quarrel 
broke out between his widow and her brother-in-law. 
She declared later that Gabriel, having profited by her 
ignorance and sickness, had obtained for himself letters 
of administration of his brother's goods, and on the 
strength of these had deprived her of all that she had, 
I One of the Judges of the Queen's Bench, 3 February, I 78, died zo Ma),, 
 $. His estate of Wendon Lofts passed to his son, Sir Thomas, b.  8» d. 6 7. 
 He dates a dedication to Sir Chr. Hatton in hi$ book z-/Dicourie Probleme 
Concerning Propbeie ( ç88), 'At Kingslynn . . this xx of Augut, , 587." 
3 Harvey's tk'orl (Grosart), i. 188. 

lttacks by Greene and Nashe 6  

and with his father's connivance had taken into his 
possession bonds given to John Harvey for money 
which he had lent his father and Gabriel out ofhis wife's 
portion.  As a matter of fact, administration of John 
Harvey's goods during the minority of his daughters 
was granted to Gabriel on z October. But Martha 
Harvey had herself obtained letters of administration on 
26 August. It was no doubt with the desire of upset- 
ring these last-mentioned letters that Gabriel (whose 
Fellowship at Trinity Hall had now expired ) came up 
to London at the end of August, and in London he was 
detained by this saine family quarrcl till the following 
Ail this time he was living, as Nashe tells us, in the 
house of his printer, Wolfe, in St. Paul's Churchyard, 
though the plague was raging for part of the time and 
the churchyard was the burial place of rive parishes. 
According to the saine authority, he was utterly impe- 
cunious, and ran up a bill of £3 6 with XVolfe for the 
printing ofPierce's Supererogation and for his board,t hough 
so full of compliments and fine speeches that a visitor 
took him at first sight for the Usher of a dancing-school. 
Sorely stricken by the loss of his beloved brother, 
harassed by the attacks of his sister-in-law (whether he 
had given just occasion for them or not we do hot know), 
Gabriel was lashed to fury by a passage in Greene's Quip 
(published in July), which heaped insult on his father 
the rope-maker, his brothers and himself,  as well as by 
a scornful account of Richard Harvey, which Nashe 
inserted in his Pierce Pennilesse, in reply to Richard's 
attack on him in Tbe Lamb of God. 

i Chancery Proceedings, znd Series (z ç79-z 6zz), z4z, No. 6 (Record Office). 
s Christopher Wivell was admitted to the fellowship which  Gabriel Havry' 
[sic] 'nuper habuit' on zz January, zq9z-z. (Note from Mr. H. E. Malden). 
s The passage was cancellcd in later copies of the Quip and is now Iost. 

62 Harvey retorts in Foure Letters 

Harvey had intended on coming to London to take 
legal action against Greene for his slander on his father, 
but he had onlybeen in London a few days when he heard 
that Greene had died (2 September) after offering IOS. or 
2os. to the printer ofhis book to expunge the passage on 
the Harveys. Unfortunately for Harvey's after-fame, 
he did hOt allow these facts to cool his animosity, and 
he hurried out a Letter in which he savagely attacked 
Greene's character, while giving a pitiless account of his 
miserable end. Harvey's conduct was scarcely Christian, 
but it is extenuated by the deep love which bound him 
to his father and brothers. 
His letter was written on 5 September, three days 
after Greene's death, and, as Dr. McKerrow argues, was 
at once published by itself, though later, perhaps in 
December, i592 , it appeared again as the second of 
Foure Letters. The first letter purported to be written 
by Mr. Christopher Bird, of Saffron Walden, and was 
commendatory of Harvey ; the second, third and fourth 
were by Harvey himself. In the third, aftcr defending 
himselfagainst Lyly's remarks on his old correspondence 
with Spénser, he turns to Nashe, and deals with his 
attack on his brother Richard.  
Who in that Vniuersity can deny, but M. Haruey read the 
publike Philosophie Lecture with spccial good liking, and many 
will say with singular commendation, when this mightie lashing 
Gentleman.. was hot so much as idoneus auditor ciuilis scientia'. 
He defends his father : 
Fewe Sonnes haue felinger cause to loue or reuerence, or 
defend their Fathers, then my selle" but his dealing is such, 
where he trad..eth" and his liuing such where he conuerseth, 
that he may easely shame himselfe, which goeth-about to shame 
him, or vs in him. I will hot trouble you with the rehearsall 

I Foure Leuers and Certaine Sonnets especiaily toucbing Robert Grcene» and otber 
parties, by bim abused ! $9 2. 
z Harvey' 14"orks i. zo,.  ibid. i. o-6. 

Professes a Desire for Peace 6 3 

ofhis inheritance, which I could haue wished more then it was: 
),et was it more . . . then the inheritances of both their Fathers 
He wishes no more contention :* 
I hope this winde bath hot shaken an), suche corne, but 
feliow-schoilers, (as Dr. Caius would say), and now forsooth 
feilow-writers, ma), bee ruade friendes with a cup of white 
wine, and some iittle familiar conference, in calme and ciuile 
termes. I offer them m), bande: and request their" 
He appeals to Nashe to put his talents to better use :2 
Good sweete Oratour, be a deuine Poet indeede . . and 
with heroicall Cantoes honour right Vertue, & braue valour 
indeede ; as noble Sir Philip Sidney and gentle Maister Spencer 
haue done, with immortall Fame . . . 
He includes him already 3 among 
the deere Louers of the Muses" and namely the professed 
Sonnes of the-same: Edmond Spencer, Richard Stanihurst, 
Abraham France, Thomas Watson, Samuell Daniell, Thomas 
Nash, and the test, whome I affectionately thancke for their 
studious endeuours, commendably employed in enriching, & 
polishing their natiue tongue, neucr so fitrnished, or embellished 
as of late. 
In his Fourth Letter Harvey complains of a decline 
in serious literature, and speaks contemptuously of the 
writers then in fashion :4 
They are fine men, & haue man), sweete phrases: it is my 
simplicity, that I am so slenderly acquainted with that dainty 
stile: the onl), new fashion of current eloquence in esse : far 
surpassing the stale vein of Demosthenes, or Tully- Iewel, or 
Harding: Whitgift, or Cartwright" Sidney, or Spencer. 
He declares that his own inclinations are hOt for 
controversy : s 
That little I haue done, I haue done compellcd, and would 
wish vndone, rather then any storme of Debatc ... should insue 
thereof: let them glory in Pen-scolding and Paper-brabling, that 

ibid. i. z* 5.  ibid. i. z* 7.  ibid. i. 
 ibid, i. z54.  ibid. i. z35. 

6 4 Declares bis ztdmiration for Men o.[ Acnon 

iist : I must not, I can not, I will not .... good honest youthes, 
spare an old Truante, meeter now to play the Dumme Dog . 
then the bauling Cur, no felicity [compared] to a 
commodious intercourse of sweete stud),, sweeter conuersation, 
and sweetest action . . . Only my determination is, rather 
to be a Sheepe in Volfes printe, then to surfer my selle or 
deerest frendes, to be made Sheepe in the wolfes walke: and 
onely my request is, that euery discreete, and courteous minde, 
will as considerately weigh the cause, as censoriously note the 
Harvey appended to the four letters a number of 
sonnets, called ' Greene's Memoriall,' which show that 
he was not so wedded to classical metres as to disdain 
the verse-form then most in fashion, and that, if the 
highest regions of poetry were beyond his reach, he 
could at least write verse lofty in tone and sentiment. 
I append one of these compositions, hOt as being the 
best, but as it shows that admiration for wise statesmen 
and brave soldiers which is so characteristic of Harvey. 
Whether this is the quality of a 'Pedant,' others may 


intercession to Faine. 

Liue euer, valorous renowned Knightes ; 
Liue euer, Smith, and Bacon, Peereles men : 
Liue euer, Valsingham, and Hatton wise: 
Liue euer, Mildmayes honorable name. 
Ah, that Sir Humfry Gilbert should be dead : 
Ah, that Sir Philip Sidney should be dead : 
Ah, that Sir William Sackeuill should be dead: 
Ah, that Sir Richard Grinuile should be dead : 
Ah, that braue Valter Deuoreux should be dead: 
Ah, that the Flowre of Knighthood should be dead, 
Which, maugre deadlyest Deathes, and stonyest Stones, 
That coouer worthiest worth, shall neuer dy. 
Sweete Fame, adorne thy glorious Triumph new : 
Or Vertues ail, and Honours ail, adieu. 

Pierces Supererogation 65 

At the end of" his own sonnets, Harvey printed the 
sonnet which Spenser had addressed to him in 586. 
Harvey's Foure Letters provoked a rejoinder from 
Nashe, who, in January, 593, in his Strange Newes 
c'Af the intercepting certaine Letters, violently denounced 
him for his attack on the dead Greene. To this Harvey 
replied with Pierces Supererogation (dated OE7 April, 595) 
--a chaotic piece in which he strangely inserted his reply 
to Paphatchet written four years belote. In the part of 
the work written for the present occasion, he again 
expresses his dislike of controversy and his admiration 
for heroic action. He seems constantly glad to escape 
from Nashe and expatiate on some congenial theme. 
When Nashe is the topic he loses himself in the most 
clumsy and tasteless kind of humour, to which the 
biting satire of his character-study of Dr. Perne stands 
in marked contrat. 
Pierces Supererogation was hOt published, as Dr. 
McKerrow argues, till the autumn. It contains a 
preliminary letter of Harvey's, dated at London: 
this 6 of July.' Immediately after this date Harvey 
must have been recalled to Saffron Walden, as his 
father was buried there on the OEsth. From Saffron 
Walden he addressed a letter to his printer, Wolfe, 
which seems to have been published together with 
Pierces Supererogation. It was entitled At New Letter 
of Notable Contents, and expresses a certain backward- 
ness to accept the apology which he understood that 
Nashe was about to make to him. It has an independent 
interest in its references to the death of Marlowe, which 
had taken place on  June. Harvey shows that he was 
quite ignorant of the true circumstances ; and in his 
'sonnet', The IConderJul Tear, assumes that the poet had 
fallen a victim to the Plague. 

66 Pierces Supererogation 

I give a few passages from Herces Supererogation. 
He declares his unwillingness to write for the public : * 
I protest, I haue these many yeeres, not in pride, but in 
iudgement» scorned, to appeere in the rancke of this scribling 
generation : and could hot haue bene hired with a great fee, to 
publish any Pamflet of whatsoeuer nature, in mine owne name, 
had I hot bene intollerably prouoked. 
The spirit of the times is against serious literature :' 
To be a Ciceronian, is a flowting stocke... The Ciceronian 
may sleepe til the Scogginist bath plaid his part: . . no profes- 
sion, to the faculty of rayling ; ail harsh, or obscure, that tickleth 
not idle phantasies with wanton dalliance, or ruffianly lestes. 
In his own justification he gives the names of some 
who bave cornrnended hirn : 
M. Bird, 4 M. Spencer, Monsieur Bodin, . . . M. Thomas 
Watson,a notable Poet ; M. Thomas Hatcher, a rare Antiquary ; 
M. Daniel Rogers of the Court ; Doctor Griflïn Floyd, the 
Queenes professour of lawe at Oxforde ; Doctor Peter Baro 
a professour of diuinity in Cambridge ; Doctor Bartholmew 
Clark, late Deane ofthe Arches; Doctor William Lewen, Iudge 
of the prerogatiue Court; Doctor John Thomas Freigius,.. Sir 
Philip Sidney ; M. Secretary Wilson : Sir Thomas Smith : Sir 
Walter Mildmay; milord the bishop of Rochester ; milord 
Treasurer ; milord the Earle of Leicester. 
English writers should be worthy of an heroic age :5 
Ingland, since it was Inglastd, neuer bred more honorable 
mindes, more aduenturous hartes, more valorous bandes, or more 
excellent wittes, then of-late, . . . The date of idle vanityes is 
expired : awaye with these scribling paltryes : there is another 
Sparta in bande, that indeede requireth Spartan Temperance, 
Spartan Frugality Spartan exercise, Spartan valiancye, Spartan 
perseuerance, Spartan inuincibility : and bath no wanton leasure 
for the Comedyes of Athens .... 
Read the report of the worthy Westerne discoueries, by the 
said Sir Humfry Gilbert : the report of the braue West-Indian 
voyage by the conduction of Sir Frauncis Drake : the report of 
I l¢/orks (Grosart), il. 33-  ibid. il. 53- 3 ibid. il. 83. 
4 Christopher Bird, of Saffron Walden, a letter from whom precedes Harvey's 
Foure Letter*. He was married to Mrs. Mary Gale z8 Ma},, 578 ; and buried 
z 5 Oct., 16o 3 (S. Walden Registers).  ibid. ii. 95- 

Letter of" Notable Contents 6 7 

the horrible Septentrionall discouereyes by the trauail of Sir 
Martin Forbisher" the report of the politique discouery of 
Virginia, b} the Colony of Sir Walter Raleigh" the report of 
sundry other famous discoueryes, & aduentures, published by 
M. Rychard Hackluit in one volume, a worke of importance" 
tbe report of the hoatt welcom of the terrible Spanishe Armada 
to the coast of Inglande, that came in glory, and went in 
dishonour " the report of the redoubted voyage into Spaine, and 
Portugall, whence the braue Earle of Essex, and the twoo 
valorous generals, Sir John Norris, and Sir Frauncis Drake 
returned with honour- the report of the resolute encounter 
about the Iles Azores, betwixt the Reuenge of England, and 
an Armada of Spaine" in which encounter braue Sir Richard 
Grinuile most vigorously and impetuously attempted the 
extreamest possibilities of valour and fury . . . who of reckoning, 
can spare any lewde, or vaine tyme for corrupt pamphlets. 
He extends his praise to skilful mechanics :  
He that remembreth Humfrey Cole, a Mathematicall 
Mechanician, Matthcw Baker a ship-wright, Iohn Shute an 
Architect, Robert Norman a Nauigatour, William Bourne a 
Gunner, Iohn Hester a Chimist, e or any like cunning, and subtile 
Empirique,... is a prowd man, if he contemne expert artisans, 
or any sensible industrious Practitioner, howsoeuer Vnlectured 
in Schooles, or Vnlettered in bookes. 
In his Letter of Notable Contents Harvey would again 
have writers exercise themselves on great themes-S 
Some ! know in Cambridge; some in Oxford; some in London; 
some elsewhere, died [i.e. dyed] in the purest graine of Art, & 
Exercise: but a few in either, and hot man] in ail" that vn- 
doubtedl] can do excellently wel], exceedingl] well. And were 
the] thorowghl] employed according to the possibility of their 
Learning & Industry, who can tell, what comparison this tongue 
might wage with the most-floorishing Lguages of Europe" or 
what an inestimable crop of most noble and soueraine fruite, the 
hand of Atrt, and the Spirite of Emulation might reape in a rich, 
and honorable field ? Is hot the Prose of Sir Phi@ Sidney, in his 
sweet Arcadia, the embrodery of finest Atrt, and daintiest Witt ? 
Or is hot the Verse of M. Spencer in his braue Faery Queene, 
! ibid. il. z8 9. 
 Hester's prospectus of his wares with Gabriel Harvcy's liniatiins and signature 
is preserved in the British Museurn.  /4"ork (Grosart), i. z6 5. 

68 Nashe's expression of Penitence 

the Virginall of the diuinest Muses, and gentlest Graces ? Both 
delicate V¢riters : alwayes gallant, often braue, continually de- 
lectable, somtimes admirable. 
Belote the publication ofPierces Supererogation and the 
Neo Letter, overtures of friendship had been made to 
Nashe by friends of Harvey acting on his behalf, and 
Nashe had inserted an expression of penitence in his 
Christs qçears woer Ierusalem. Harvey has been attacked 
for having replied to this recantation with fresh invec- 
tive, and no doubt this was how Nashe saw his conduct. 
But Dr. McKerrow has shown that when Harvey wrote 
the New Letter, he had not seen Nashe's printed words, 
and it is quite likely, as Dr. McKerrow suggests, that 
the New Letter and Pierces Supererogation, being already 
in the printer's hands, were issued without Harvey's 
consent to recoup Wolfe for Harvey's debts to him. 
Nashe, however, naturally withdrew his expression of 
penitence in the second edition of Christs Tears. 
According to Nashe * Harvey remained some six 
months at Saffron Walden after his arrival there in 
July, t 593- He then returned to London with a prentice 
of Wolfe's, whom he had retained as a servant during 
the six months, but without the £36 due to Wolfe, who 
accordingly had him arrested. He was released from 
Newgate through the Rev. Robert Harvey, of St. Albans, 
Wood Street, who stood bond for him merely for his 
name's sake, and found a lodging for him. Ifwe are to 
believe Nashe, Harvey left his benefactor in the lurch 
and escaped to Saffron Walden, where he ' mewd and 
coopt vp himselfe inuisible, being counted for dead & 
no tidings of him,' till in the autumn of 1595 Nashe 
came across him accidentally at Cambridge. Both men 
happened to be staying in the same inn, the Dolphin, 

I iii. 93-97- 

Harve.y in  595 69 

though Harvey, we are told, subsisted on the Trinity 
Hall commons 'as the greatest curteisie hee could doo 
the House whereof he was, to eate vp their meate and 
neuer pay anie thing', 1 and in consequence came into 
conflict with his hostess for 'lying in ber bouse a fort- 
night, and keeping one of the best Chambers, yet neuer 
off.ring to spend a penie.' Nashe's description of his 
antagonist shows us Gabriel as he was in his years of 
disappointment and decay. 
To dçscribe . . his complexion . . it is of an adust swarth 
chollçricke dye, like restie bacon, or a dride scate-fish : so leane 
and so meagre, that j, ou wold thinke (like the Turks) he obseru'd 
4- Lents in a yere: .. his skin riddled and crumpled like a peice of 
burnt parchment.. For his stature, he is such another pretie lacke 
a Lent as boyes throw at in the streete, and lookes, in his blacke 
sure of veluet, like one ofthose ieat droppes which diuers weare 
at their eares in stead ofa iewell. A smudge peice ofa handsome 
fellow it bath beene in his dayes, but now he is olde and past his 
best.., cares haue so crazed him, and disgraces to the verie bones 
consumed him ; amongst which hys missing of the Vniuersitie 
Oratorship, wherin Doctor Perne besteaded h im, wrought hot the 
lightliest with him ; and if none of them were, his course of lire 
is such as would make anie man looke iii on it, for he wil endure 
more hardnes than a Camell, who in the burning sauds will liue 
foure dayes without water & feedes on nothing but thistles and 
wormewood & such lyke no more doth he feed on anie thing, 
when he is at Saffron-ll/ald«n, but sheepes trotters, porknells, and 
butterd rootes ; and other-while in an Hexameter meditation, or 
when hee is inuenting a new part of Tully or hatching such 
another Paradoxe as that of Nicholaus Copernicus was, who held 
that the Sun remains immoueable in the center of the World 
that the Earth is moou'd about the Sunne, he would be so rapt 
I Accordirg to Nahe (iii. 88), H arvey vhen a Fellov of the College, had never 
been able to pay his Commons. After he ceased to be a Fellow, he told his friends 
that he had still an • out-brotherhip' hich brou8ht hirn in os. a year, and 
librar),, worth zoo remained in the College. Orte vonders if he ever rernoved it 
to Saffron Walden. Nashe's account of Harvey's usual irnpecuniosity is curiouly 
illustrated by the Account Books of Pembroke College vhich the Bursar» Mr. 
H. G. Comber, kindly alloved me to inspect. When Harvey left Pernbroke in  578 
the following sums were deblted to hirn ir the college accounts pro arreragijs in 
Anno  $76 xl'--for two pery messes taken downe in Mr. Harvey's yeare I'.' This 
debt of 9os. continued to be entered in the college accourtt till. the year 638  hen 
Harve)" had been dead seven years. 

7 ° Haue with you to Saffron Walden 

that bce would remaine three dayes and ncither eate nor drinke, 
and within doores he will keepe seauen yeare together, and corne 
not abroad so rnuch as to Church. 
Harvey desired a meeting or conference, says Nashe, 
. . . wherein ail quarrells rnight be discust and drawne to an 
attonernent, but . . I had no rancie toit, for once before I had 
bin so cousend by his colloging, though . . we neuer met face to 
face . . . nor could it settle in rny conscience to loose so rnuch 
paines I had tooke in new arraying & furbushing him, or that a 
publique wrong in Print was tobe so sleightly slubberd ouer in 
Nashe had, in fact, already written a reply to Pierces 
Supererogation, namely, Haue with you to Saffron I4alden, 
and he did hOt want to lose the money it would bring 
him. In this most brilliant and rollicking work he gives 
an account of Harvey's life, from which I have already 
largely quoted, and which in the main, I believe, does 
not stray very far from the truth. It appeared in 1596. 
Like Dr. McKerrow, 1 doubt if Harvey made any 
rejoinder : for I also hold that g'he g'rimming of Thomas 
Nashe is not his work. In any case, to quote Dr. 
McKerrow once more : 'The conclusion of the whole 
matter is to be round in the order of Whitgift and 
Bancroft, given on I June, 599, "that ail Nasshes 
bookes and Doctor Harvyes bookes [among others] be 
taken wheresoeuer they maye be round and that none of 
theire bookes bee euer printed hereafter."'* 
What is the impression left on one by the controversy ? 
With regard to Harvey, I am ready to accept his 
assurances that the controversy was uncongenial to him 
--it interrupted the course of continued study which 
he had resolved on. He was drawn into it from a feeling 
that he would be expected to defend his father, his 
brothers and himself from an attack which the recent 
death of his brother John had made very bitter to him. 
 T, an,c,ipt ofStatione,," Registe, {ed. Arber), iii. 677. 

Nashe and Harvey compared 7  

But in such a fray he was out of his element. That 
he could write powerfully and nobly is seen by his 
praises of his age and its heroes, and by his most sober 
and wise treatment of the Marprelate writers ; that he 
could write powerfully, though hot nobly, by his biting 
pages on Dr. Perne. When he turned to such topics he 
was himself. In dealing with Nashe, having no humour, 
he had to descend to vituperation, and here he showed 
that ground ofcommonness and coarsenesswhich under- 
la), his veneer ofgentility. He is still a great scholar and 
in a sense a great man, but a great man who trîes to do 
something that is beneath his powers and fails hopelessly. 
Nashe's hatred of Harvey did hot go very deep, I 
think. To a humourist deep-seated hatred is hardly 
possible. There was a point in the controversy when 
he held out his hand to his adversary, and when, as he 
thought, Harvey played him false. Even after this, in 
his H,ue with you to Saffron lff alden, he is ready here 
and there to put in a charitable word for his oppo- 
nent. He seems to feel some sense of the pathos of 
Harvey's lire, the high hopes that he had once inspired 
in a troop of powerful friends, and his present poverty 
and friendlessness. But Nashe knows that in this sort of 
warfare he has the advantage, and he fights with a light 
heart and a rollicking enjoyment of it all. For my part 
I cannot read him without liking him. He is at bottom 
a gentleman, licentious it ma), be (and he acknow- 
ledges that Harvey was hot licentious) but hot foul- 
minded. He does not stoop to notice Harvey's mere 
abuse, but gives us a delightful picture of the man as a 
humourist would see him, and utterly exposes those little 
artifices and falsities to which Harvey's Machiavellian 
principles and his want of money ruade him inclined. If 
Nashe never sinks so low as Harvey, he never rises so 

7 OE Mastership of Trinity Hall 

high. He has not that width of reading, that philo- 
sophical mind, that power of writing, that Harvey can 
show when he is on his true ground ; he is ajournalist 
and humourist ofgenius, and Harvey no humourist but 
a thinker and statesman. 
This controversy with Nashe over, Gabriel Harvey 
publishes nothing more. His abstinence is quite in 
accordance with his frequently expressed dislike of 
writing--a dislike no doubt increased by his ill-success 
in crushing Nashe and by the contempt which Nashe 
had publicly thrown on him, but a dislike which had its 
roots earlier. He had published nothing for many years 
before Greene's Quip roused him in I592.1 But if 
Harvey had ceased to write, his personal ambitions were 
not yet quite extinguished.-" Dr. Preston, Master of 
Trinity Hall, died in I598 , and he had hOt breathed 
his last when Harvey ruade one more effort to get the 
place he had lost in 1585. Fie had lost it then by the 
interposition of Royal authority in favour of his rival. 
Fie would try to gain it by the same means. 
And so on 8 May he addresses Sir Robert Cecil in 
a letter which is given in full by Grosart  and in abstract 
in the Calendar of Hatfield MSS. issued by the Historical 
MSS. Commission (viii. 16o). I give the abstract, 
adding a few words here and there from Dr. Grosart's 
text in brackets. 
G. H. to Sir Rob. Cecil, 1598, May 8. 
You cannot be ignorant how special favour it pleased as well 
m), lord ),out father as m), lad), ),out mother to vouchsafe me 
many ),ears since & I must never forger [the report of sure . . 
frends] how much I was beholden to ),ou for some good words 
uttered of me [whiles ),ou were] in the Low Countries at the 
 Cf. the opening of the third ofhis Foure Letterz :  Albeit for these twelue» or 
thirteene yeares,' etc. (Works, i. 176. 
 In 1595, Williarn Covell, the author of Polimaneia, speaks of Harvey as 
living 'without preferment,' and 'to learnings injurie unregarded." (Nashe's l'orkz, 
ed. McKerrow, v. xo.)  Harvey's 14"orks, iii. xxv. 

Harvey's application to Cecil 73 

time of that weighty t,eaty with the Prince of Pa,ma. I, 
which respects I am the bolder to petition you in a suit wherein 
I earnestly solicited your parents some twelve years since, not 
without pregnant hope ofspeeding either by [ the ordinary course 
of] election, or their favour, had hot the Queen's mandate over- 
ruled the case. Dr. Preston, the toaster of that Hall, is either 
now dead or past hope of recovery. I should think myself at 
the last someway happy, if by the only means of my good Lord 
Treasurer and your good Honour, I might procure the gracious 
favour that preferred Mr. Preston to that mastership: first by 
the letter of your predecessor, Mr. Secrctary ,Valsingham, for 
the stay of the election till ber Majesty's pleasure were known, 
and then by ber mandate for the election of Mr. Preston, which 
course ruade h ira master of that college, wh ere otherwise he could 
no way have [requested, or] purchased one voice: and I then 
might have gotten it by pluralitie [of voices] [whereof I sup- 
posed myself sure]. Now having some years discontinued my 
place tbere, and but two of the company left that were fellows 
then, [aud I using no plausible or pleasing means, after the 
fashion of the world] I know not how far I might prevail with 
thcm, the more in respect of some new doctors sojourning there 
since, much my punies in seniority and never fellows of the 
college, whereas I was fellow there sure fiftecn years after I had 
been fellow eight years in Pembroke Hall. I can say for myself 
that I have spent so great part of my age either in reading the 
best authors extant, as well in Law as in other [emploiable] 
faculties, or in writing some discourses of private use or public 
importance. [For in all my studies and exercises, especially since 
I was Doctor] I had ever an earnest and curious care of sound 
knowledge, [and esteemed no reading or writing without matter 
of effectual use in esse] as I hope should soon appear if I werc 
settled in a place of competent maintenance. Some men would 
have used more plausible [means of insinuation] to my good 
Lord Treasurer, that bave not written hall so much in honour 
of his weighty & rare virtues, as I can impart at your leisure for 
the perusal of such exercises. But I sought but his honour & 
lame : as I did in sundry royal cantos (nigh as much in quantity 
as Ariosto) in celebration of her Majesty's most glorious govern- 
ment, some of them devised many years past at the instance of 
the excellent knight and my inestimable dear friend Sir Philip 
Sidney, some since the renowned victory in '88, which, never- 
theless, I intended hot to publish in the lifetime of the Queen, 

74 Hawoey's Last l'ears at Saffron I4alden 

had not some late provoking occasions enforced [an alteration of 
my purpose: but in case of mortalitie, or a thousand casualties 
in foreign travel, I meant to commit them to.. sum . . frend]. 
Now, il: my good Lord Treasurer or yourselfshall not disallow 
of them, it imports me to bestow a little time in the transcripting 
and reforming of them, & to publish them, with other tracts and 
discourses, some in Latin, some in English, some in verse, but 
much more in prose ; some in Humanity, History, Policy, Law, 
and the soul of the whole bod), of Law, Reason ; some in Mathe- 
matics, Cosmography, the Art of Navigation, the Art of çVar, 
the true Chymique without imposture (which I lcarned of Sir 
Thomas Smith not to contemn) and other effectual practicable 
knowledge. I speak it not any wa), to boast. For I can in one 
year publish more than any Englishman hath hitherto done. 
But thereof more at fitting opportunity. Now concerning my 
present petition, if I might obtain a stay of that election and 
then the Queen's mandate on my behalf, surely I should hold 
myselfto be the most bounden unto your Honour ofany scholar 
in England. Walden 8 Ma),. 
We cannot imagine that Sir Robert Cecil made any 
reply to this forlorn appeal. Neither Cambridge nor 
London had any room for Gabriel Harvey; even at 
Saff'ron Walden he probably never held any public 
office. For another thirty-three years he lived on, a 
disappointed man, in the scenes of his schoolboy 
triumphs, till at last, on  February, 63o-i , the 
Walden Burial Register enters his name «Mr. Doctor 
Gabriell Harvey.' He had reached the age of eighty 
or perhaps eighty-two. His mother had been buried 
on 4 April, 6 3 : Richard Harvey had died at Chisle- 
hurst early in 163o , still in his last will showing his 
lifelong devotion to the elder brother. 
In nomine Dei. I Richard Harvei make my will Anno Christi 
1625" Augusti mensis 25 ° die. ffirst I commend my spirit unto 
thy hands, ô God, Then I yeild my body to Christian buriall. 
 The text of the will 'hich I give follows the original copy preserved at 
Somerset House (Register of the Consistory Court of Rochester, book xxi. f. 454)- 
It is given hot quite accurately in Webb's History of Cbislcburst» p. ¢o6. 

Richard Harvey's Pl/ill 75 

As for my moveable goods in money, or in bookes, or in house- 
holdry, or in lynnen, or in woollen, or any brasse pewter, and such 
as the catalogue of my bookes and the note of myne other move- 
ables shew, these I bequeath to my brother Gabriell Harvei, and 
hym only I make mine heyre, with these conditions :--I. That 
he shall out of my goods aforesaid give to Richard Lyon, thelder 
son of my sister Aise, the summe of tvetie pounds to be paide 
to hym so soon as maie be. 2. He shall give to Gabriell Lyon 
the younger sonne of my sister Aise the sure of twentie pounds, 
to be paid hym in like manner. 3- He shall give amonge the 
sonnes of my sister Marie thirtie pounds, to be paid them equallie 
so soon as maie be. But ifmy brother Gabriell Harvey dye belote 
me, my will is that all my moveable goods aforesaid shall be 
divided among the said sonnés of my said sisters. The sonnes of 
Alse shall bave two parts of them, and the sonnes of Marie shall 
have the third part, all as equallie as they can be divided. I make 
my cosen John Gyver, and desire him tobe with Phillipp Collins 
my brother-in-law executors of this will. Richard Harvei my 
seale. Witnesses to the will: John Ellis the elder, John Ellis 
the younger. 
Vera copia Teste me Gabriele Lyon No '° pub c°l 
How had Gabriel Harvey spent those long last years ? 
Our only direct evidence is the following note by Thomas 
Baker :3, I bave seen an elegy on Dr. Harvey of Safron 
Walden composed by William Pearson dated an : 1630. 
By that it would seem he practised physic and was a 
 With the copy of the v¢i|l at Someret Houle ome other papers are preser,ed. 
The first i only to be read in part. It shows that the two executors named in the 
will, John Gyver and Phi|ip Co||yn (v¢ho sign this document), renounced the 
execution of it and deslred that administration should be granted to 'Gabriei Harvey 
doctor of the lawes." The paper is dated « oth claie of June 63o' , and i wltnessed 
by John Ayer and Richard Lyon. 
The econd document is dated xi Junij a6to', and shows that Mr. Wyan, as 
proctor for Gabriel Harvey, appeared belote the Bishop of Rochester's Chancelior, 
Dr. Edmund Pope, and, a the executors named in Richard's wiii had renounced 
execution, begged that administÆatiln shouid be granted to Gabriel Harve¥. 
Gabriel himself dled, as we bave seen, in the following February, apparenti)" 
before he had completed the adminitratlon of his brother' estate or ruade a wiii 
of his twn. (I have searched at Somerset House for a wili or letters of administration 
but without uccess.) 
Accordingly on zo April,  63 a, administration of Richard's goods 'de bonis non 
admin, per Gabrielem Hamey etiam defunctum' wa granted to Alice Lyon, natura| 
ister of the deceased. 
 Baker MSS., Cambridge Unlversity Librar)', xxxvi. o 7. The eegy mentioned 
is now lost. 

76 Conclusion 

pretender to astrology.' This account is corroborated by 
Harvey's marginalia, which seem to show an increasing 
interest in the study of medicine, and in physical 
speculations and experiments. We know of few books 
purchased by Harvey in those last years : the two last 
on our list show, however, the persistence ofhis love for 
his old favourites in literature, Speght's Cbaucer, 1598, 
and Sidney's trcadia, 1613. He probably had some little 
property at Walden,  and eked out a living by amateur 
doctoring among his poorer neighbours : but spent most 
of his time over his books, unless some visitor came 
to whom he could pour forth his recollections of the 
friends ofhis youth, Leicester and Sidney, and Spenser.  
It is a strange conclusion to the lire of the brilliant 
young Humanist who aspired to be a great statesman, 
but was only a dreamer of great dreams, if dreams can 
be called great, which have no other definite object than 
the attainment of personal master. We may feel that 
we cannot appraise with exactitude the character of 
any man who lived 3cc years ago. Yet I think we may 
also feel in Harvey's case that, whatever he was, the 
common view of him has been a ver wrong one. He 
was nota pedant, who saw nothing good outside the 
classical writers of Greece and Rome ; he was nota 
Puritan, nor inclined to Puritanism, except so far as the 
Puritan was a philosophical critic of the shortcomings 
of existing institutions ; and however we may regret his 
posthumous attacks on Greene and Perne, we shall refuse 
to admit that so devoted a son and brother, so beloved 
a friend ofSpenser, was a man of exceptionally bad heart. 
 Nashe says that he spoke of «rents' coming in even before his father's death 
(¢/ors, iii. 9x). 
-" Mr. Mackail has suggested to me that Milton on one of his journeys to or 
from Cambridge may have stopped at Saffron Walden to hear raies of Spenser from 
the lips of  Hobbinol '. 




FOR certain notes, to wh/ch I have appended the letters 
' W.C.H.,' I ara indcbted to Mr. XV. Carew Hazlitt, who 
bas kindly put at my disposal the materials he had collected 
for a list of Gabriel Harvcy's books. 

Letter-book. Sloane MS., 93, British M useum. [Printed 
by Dr. E. J. L. Scott in 1884, for the Camden Society. 
Series il, No. 33.] 
Gabrielis Harueij X«p uel Gratulatio Faldinensis 
ad.. Dom... Burgleium. Lansdowne MS., IoEO, fi 
Br. Mus. 
Commonplace Book. Add. MS., 3OE,494, Br. Mus. 
Commonplace Book. About 584 . Small 8 °. Only a 
fragment remains in the shape of a poem entitled 
' A View, or Spectacle of Vanity,' at the end of which 
Harvey notes "Incerti Authoris Anno 584 ' and a 
few other extracts in Latin, English and Italian. The 
English fragment relates to enclosures. The whole 
makes rive leaves. I printed the aforesaid Poem in 
Inedited Poetical Miscellanies, I 8 7o.--W. C. H. 
Totus mundus in maligno positus (English poem printed 
in Lord Surrey's Songs and Sonnettes, ,587, 8°), followed 
by an English sentence headed 'Sir John Cheek' 
and Harvey's autograph. MS. Rawlinson Poet. 82, 
Bodleian Library, Oxford. 

80 Gabriel ttarvey's 

Here begynneth the Booke of Kynge Solomon called tbe Kay 
of Knowledge. Add. MS., 36,674 (I), Br. Mus. 
MS. headed by G. H., ' This tome booke was round 
amongst the paperbookes . . of Dt: Caius." Add. MS., 
36,674 (oE), Br. Mus. 
Here begmneth an excellent booke of tbe Hrte of Magicke 
first begoonne tbe xxij "'j of Marche Hnno Dni 1567. Add. 
MS., 36,674 (3), Br. Mus. 
MS. headed by G. H., 'Certaine str«ung l'isions.. 
Hnno 1567.' Add. MS., 36,674 (4), Br. Mus. 
n. d. Institutions, or Principal grounds of tbe Laws and 
Statures of England. R. Tottell. 8 °. G.H.'s autograph 
and notes.--W. C. H. 
n.d. In this booke is contayned tbe offyces of Svriffes, 
Ba),liffes of Libertyes, Escheatours, Constables, etc. T. 
Marsh. 8 °. G. H.'s autograph and notes.--,V. C. H. 
[I 5o5] B. Sacchi de Platina. Platinw hystoria de Fitis 
pontificum. Parisiis (colophon 'Parrhisiis'). 8 °. G. H.'s 
autograph and notes: 'emptus à Joanne Hutchinsono 
Pembrochiano' [B.A. 1570--3, M.A. I576]. Belongs 
to F. J. H. Jenkinson, Esq., University Librarian, 
[C. I SOS] Dialogus de vero etfdso bono. 8 °. Bound with 
Platina [I 55]. Belongs to F. j. H. Jenkinson, Esq., 
University Librarian, Cambridge. 
 538. A. P. Gasser. Historiarum et Chronicorum totius 
Mundi epitome. [Basil. ?] 8 °. G. H.'s autograph and 
notes : ' 576" Valdini Mense Februarjo 577.' C. ".8. 
a. 6, Br. Mus. 

2vargtnatta 8 1 

 539- Firminus. Repertorium de Mutatione ,4eris... 
perPhil. Iollainum Blereium. Parisiis ap. Iac. Kerver. Fol. 
G. H.'s autograph and notes. Combined monogram of 
G[abriel], R[ichard] and J[ohn] H[arvey] (pointed out 
to me by Dr. McKerrow). 718. h. 4 (3), Br. Mus. 
t54o. J. Alkindus. De Temporum Mutatiotibus. . . 
per Io. Hierot. h Scalingijs. Parisiis ap. lac. Kerver. Fol. 
Appended to this is a tract, Incipit liber h,pbar de 
Mutatione Uemporis. G. H.'s autograph (579) and 
notes. 78. h. 4 (4), Br. Mus. 
t 54 - B. Castiglione. Il Cortegiano, Ven. 8 °. G.H.'s 
autograph (once as 'Gabriel Arvejo') and notes. Ira the 
possession of the late Rev. Walter Begley, OE4, Green- 
croft Gardens, Hampstead, in April, t 904 . 
t 54oE- M.F. Quintilianus. Institutionum oratoriarum 
Libri xii. Parisiis, ex off. Rob. Stephani, 8 °. G.H.'s 
autograph and notes : mense Martio, 1567, ' ' Relegi . . 
mense Septembri Anno t579-' C. OE8.1. 4, Br. Mus. 
 543. Aphthonius. AeëO,,vtou ,,eët«rou rrpo7Eulavtrlaar« 
cure interp. Rud. .4gricol, e. Aug. Vindel. G.H.'s auto- 
graph. Aa. 3- 3 o, St. John's College, Cambridge. 
1544- Valerius Maximus. I/'alerii Maximi Dictorum 
factortmque memorabilium exempla. Lutetioe, ex off. Rob. 
Stephani. 8 ° G. H.'s autograph and notes. Belongs 
to F. J. H. Jenkinson, Esq., University Librarian, 
545- Xenophon. Opera . . in latinam linguam cot- 
uersa. Basileae. 8 °. G. H.'s autograph ( 57 o) and notes : 
' Valdini 576 fauentibus Etesijs.' Bodl. Lib., Oxford. 
t 555- Iosias Simlerus. Epitome Bibliothece Conradi 
Gesneri. Tiguri, ap. Chr. Froschoverum. Fol. G.H.'s 
autograph (584, 588), and notes. Ira the possession 
of Mr. Voynich, September, I9O6. 

8 OE Gabriel Harvey's 

I.ç60. J. j. Huggelius [Hugkel]. De 8emeiotice. 
Basileoe. Fol. G.H.'s autograph (1584) and notes. 
543. g- I8 (oE), Br. Mus. 

56. B. Castiglione. Tbe Courtier, trans, by Hoby. 
4 °. G. H.'s autograph and notes. See paper by Caroline 
Runtz-Rees in Publications of tbe Mod. Lang. /1ssoc. of 
/1merica, vol. xxv. p. 608. 

 56 . [H. Braunschweig]. A most excellent andperfecte 
bomish apotbecarye. Trans. by Jhon Hollybusch. Collen. 
Fol. G. H.'s autograph (59 o) and notes. 543- g- 8 
(z), Br. Mus. 

I562. Lawes and Statutes of Geneua. London. 8 °. 
G. H.'s autograph and MS. notes.--\V. C. H. 

563 . M. T. Cicero. Epistole ad Atticum .. ad M. 
Iunium Brutum, &c. Aldus, Venetiis. 8 °. G. H.'s auto- 
graph and notes : ' Relegi.. in aula Trinitatis.. Mense 
lulio 58oE.' C. z8. g. 9, Br. Mus. 

 565. D. Erasmus. Parabole, sive Similia. Basileoe 
per N. et E. Episcopios. 8 °. G. H.'s autograph and 
notes: 'mense Januario, i566 ,' 'Relegi mense Sep- 
tembri,  577 ? In the possession of Mr. Ellis, :9, New 
Bond Street, W., in October, 9o8. 

[c.  565 ?] T. Murner. /1 merye jeste of a man 
called Howleglas. London, W. Copland. 4 °. Note by 
G. H., 'given me at London of Mr. Spensar,' &c., 
' 578. ' 4 °. Z. 3, Art Seld. Bodleian Library, Oxford. 

566. L. Dolce. Medea et ff'bieste ff'ragedie. Venet. 
G. H.'s autograph on each title and man), MS. notes. 
In the catalogue, No. 36z (? May, i9o5) , ofA. Reader, 
, Orange Street, Red Lion Square, London, W.C. 

arginalia 8 3 

 567 . F. Desprez. Receuil de la Diversitd des Habits 
qui sont de present en usage. Paris. 8". G. H.'s autograph 
on title and at end.--W. C. H. 
r57o. Otrovotl«,, seu Dispositio Regul, lrum vtriusque 
Iuris in Locos Communes. Col. Agrip. ad Intersignium 
Monocerotis. G. H.'s autograph [ 574, * 579,  58c] 
and notes. Saffron Walden Museum. 
,57 o. F. Fabricius. M. Fullii Ciceronis bistoria per 
consulesdistincta. Ed. sec. Colonioe. 8 °. G.H.'s auto- 
graph (x57oE). Belongs to F. J. H. Jenkinson, Esq., 
University Librarian, Cambridge. 
157 o. G. Meier. ht Iud, eorum Medicastrorum calumnias. 
[Spira.] 4 ° . Note by G.H. 489.. b. OE, Br. Mus. 
57 . M. G. B. [G. Buchanan.] lne/Idmonition, direct 
to tbe trew Lordis maintenaris of tbe Kingis Graces luthoritie. 
London, Iohn Daye. G. H.'s autograph and notes• 
G. 5443, Br. Mus. 
[  57  ] R.G. ' Salutem in Cbristo. Good men and euill,' 
• . . ending (A. 7 v.) ' at London the xiii of October, 
57I- Your louyng Brother in Lawe, R.G.' G.H.'s 
notes• G. 5443, Br. Mus. 
57 OE. W. Fulke. obp«,ot«X«, boc est lstrologorum 
Ludus. London. 4 °. G. H.'s autograph, no notes. In 
the possession of the late Rev. Walter Begley, 24, 
Greencroft Gardens, Hampstead, in April, 9o4 . 
57 ŒE. Dionysius Periegetes. q'be Surueye of tbe 
l/Uorld. . . englisbed by U. Uwine. London. 8 °. G.H.'s 
autograph (574) and notes. Belongs to Professor 
I. Gollancz, Litt. D., F.B.A. 
 573- H. Lhuyd. 'be Breuiary ofBfftayne. Englisbed 
by U. ff'wyne. 8 °. G.H.'s autograph and notes: ' Ex dono 
M' Browghton Christensis.' Belongs to Professor 
I. Gollancz, Litt. D., F.B.A. 

84 Gabriel Harvey's 

1574. N. Macchiavelli. The /lrte of Iarre . . . Most 
Briefe Tables... by Girol. Cataneo of Novara, trans, by 
H.G. 4 °. Autographs of G. H. and Richard H. and 
filled with notes by G. H.DW. C. H. 
I575. C. Hollyband [C. Desainliens.] Historie of 
/lrnalt & Lucenda : with . . Rules and Dialogues..for 
tbe learner of th' Italian tong. London. 16 °. Pages 305 
to the end bound with S. Guazzo, La Civil Conversatione 
(158I). Harvey's autograph (158z) and notes. 711. a. 
zS, Br. Mus. 
1575- G. Gascoigne. ThePosies.--t 576. Steele Glass.-- 
1576. ComplaintofPhilomene (bound together). London. 
4 °. G.H.'s autograph and notes : 'Londini Cal. Sept. 
I577.' Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
1575. Ierome Turler. The Trauailer. London, W. 
How, for Abr. Veale. 8 °. G. H.'s autograph and notes : 
'Ex dono Edmundi Spenserij Episcopi Roff'ensis 
Secretarij, I578, ' 'legi pridie Cal. Decemb. I578. ' 
Belongs to Professor I. Gollancz, Litt. D., F.B.A. 
I576. ThePostofthe l/Uorld. London, T. East. 8 °. 
G. H.'s autograph (I58o) and notes. Belongs to 
Professor I. Gollancz, Litt. D., F.B.A. 
1576. /1 brief treatise conteinyng many proper Tables. 
London. 8 °. G. H.'s autograph and notes: 'Emptus 
Eboraci mense Aug. I576.' Belongs to Professor 
I. Gollancz, Litt. D., F.B.A. 
I577. G. Harvey. Ciceronianus, Rbetor, Musarum 
Lacbrymw (bound together). [Now lost ?] Harvey's 
MS. additions are given by Thomas Baker in Baker 
MSS. xxxvi, p. o7, Camb. Univ. Lib., as well as in a 
copy of Harvey's Ciceronianus in the Bodleian. 
i578. G. Harvey. Gratulationum laldinensium Libri 
quatuor. Londini. 4 °. Various corrections of the text 
in H.'s hand. IzI 3. 1. 6 (z), Br. Mus. 

Marginalia 8 5 

I58O. T. Tusser. Five hundred points of good 
busbandry. 4 °. G. H.'s autograph and MS. notes.-- 
158o. Ioach. Hopperus. In veram Iurisprudentiam 
[sagoge. Coloniœe. 8 °. G. H.'s autograph (I58O , 1581 ) 
and notes. C. 6I. a. OE, Br. Mus. 
158 I. Littleton. Tenures in English. R. Tottel. 8 °. 
G. H.'s autograph and MS. notes.--W. C. H. 
158 I. S. Guazzo. La Civil Conversatione. Venetia. 
16 °. G.H.'s autograph (i 58.',) and notes. 71 I. a. z5, 
Br. Mus. 
I58OE. Io. Foorth. Synopsis Politica. Londini, ap. 
Henr. Binneman. G.H.'s autograph and notes: 
'Mense Augusto, 158OE,' ' ultimo Septembris I58OE. ' 
Saff'ron Walden Museum. 
1583. H. Howarde. ,4 Defensatiue against the Poyson 
of supposed Prophesies (J. Charlewood), bound with 
Abr. Fraunce's Lawiers Logike, 1588,--one or other 
having Harvey's autograph. (Sale-catalogue of the 
Heber Library, Part I. No. OE81 OE.) 
1583. J.T. Freigius. Mosaicus. Basileœe. 8 °. G.H.'s 
autograph (t584) and notes. C. 60. f. 4, Br. Mus. 
1585- [J- Blagrave.] The Mathematical Iewel. Fol. 
G.H.'s autograph (1585, 159o ) and notes. 5OE8. n. 2o 
(z), Br. Mus. 
[I 585 ?] Broadsheet. These Oiles . . waters are . . 
to besolde by Iohn Hester. Fol. Signature of G. H. (I 588). 
546. d. zo (6), Br. Mus. 
1588. Abraham Fraunce. Lawiers Logike. Bound 
with H. Howarde, ,4 Defensatiue, I583one or the 
other having Harvey's autograph. (Sale catalogue of 
the Heber Library, Part I. No. OE81z.) 

86 Gabriel Harvey's Marginalia 

1591. lod. Greverus. Secretum, et «llani Dicta de 
Lapide Philosophico. 8 °. MS. notes by G.H. Puttick's 
sale-catalogue, 14 Dec., 1893 , No. 349.--W. C. H. 
I 59 z. W. Borne [Bourne]. A Regimentfor tbe Sea.. 
amendedby T. Hood. [London,] Thom. Est. 4 °. G. H's 
autograph and notes. 8806. b. 16, Br. Mus. 
T. Hood. The Marriners Guide. [London,] 
4 °. G.H.'s autograph and notes. 88c6. b. 16, 

Th. Est. 
Br. Mus. 

Chaucer (ed. Speght). A copy with notes by 
G. Harvey was known to Steevens. It is said to have 
perished with the rest of Bishop Percy's library. But 
see p. 53 n. 
1613- Sir P. Sidney. 'he Countess of Pembrokes 
«lrcadia. Fol. MS. notes by G. Harvey, dividing the 
work into chapters, and giving the contents of each. 
Sotheby's catalogue, July 28th, 1893 , No. 812 (from 
Heber's Library).--W. C. H. 
1587 . R. Hakluyt. De Orbe Novo Petri Martyris . . 
Parisiis. Autograph and notes of R. Harvey, one, 
' narrent Hispani exitum Gualteri Raleghi : sub Jacobo 
Rege.' This seems to disprove the idea that R. Harvey 
had gone blind about 1592 (see McKerrow in Nashe's 
I¢/'oî'ks, iv.  59)- 

COMMONPLACE BooK. Add. MS., 3OE,494, Br. Mus. 

At jmployed man, hath no leysure to be acowld jn 
wynter, to thinke uppon heate in sommer, to be heauy- 
hartid, or drowsely and swaddishly affectid, to be syck. 
but euer goith cheerefully, and lustely thorowgh with 
5 all his enterprizes, & affayres. He is A very swadd, & 
sort, that, dullith, or bluntith ether witt, or boddy with 
any lumpish, or Melancholy buzzing abowt this, or that. 
The right pragmaticall karrieth euermore liuely and 
quyck spirites, and takith continually the nymbliest, 
,o and speediest way. for the dispatch of his busines : w c 
he neuer attemptith withowt cause, nor euer slackith, 
or forslowith withowt effect. 
Arte opus maturandum ; arte onus leuandum. 
Lett hOt any necessary, or expedient action lye in the 
,5 suddes. All A mans Actions woold be Expeditious; 
to be steepid in quick syluer, or Mercury precipitate, 
hOt in cowld water, or heauy boyling leade. A resolute 
hedd : An actiue Hand : an Inuincible Hart : A plyable 
Tongue; rather well spoken, & temperid with quyck 
zo discretion, and reason, then uainely curious with the 
lest spyce of apparent Affectatjon. 
Alexander, et Coesar, Homericis, et Tragicis Historijs 
instructi, omniumque maximè actuosi, coeteris omnibus 
proestiterunt, et albis equis proecurrerunt. 
z5 Nihil temporis perdendum aut vllius proficentioe in 
mea ipsius possibilitate: abiectis proprijs omnibus 
Impedimentis: vt cibi, potus, somni, veneris, otij 
inutilium negotiorum. 

7 r Not sloth- 
fui in business. 

88 Commonplace Book 

Vex hOt your- 
self because of 


Scek  3 v 
Four own good 
in ail things. 

Angelus  4 v 

Omnis vis, simul cogenda, in proesenti negotio: ut 
Apthonij Sophia. 
It is grosse folly, and A uile Signe ofa wayward, and 
frowarde disposition, to be eftsoones complayning of 
this, or that, to small purpose. A miserable quality to 5 
greiue A mans mynd, or to dull his liuely spirittes 
with ye dooinges of any other: freind or foe. It is 
nothing materiall or aduauntageable toward ye ende 
whereat yourselfe shoote, whether this, or that man do 
so, or so; or whether this, or that thing be thus, or ,o 
thus dun. It is on speciall poynt ofmans foelicity to 
make the best of euery thing; and to passe ouer A 
Thowsand bu[s]ye jmpertinent Accidentes slighly and 
cunningly, withowt ye least vrging of yo r mynd to, or 
froe. Nothing more necessary jn mans lyre, then A '5 
pleasaunt, and gallante security jn others mens matters. 
Lett them take there owne swynge : and go to there 
bedd, as themselues shall make it, for me. 
When you haue dofi yo r uttermost by witt, & 
Trauayle, you shall haue fewe workes of supereroga-zo 
tion, to spare for other. So do, so haue : and fast bynd, 
fast fynd. Nothing meritorious, or infallibly profitable 
at A pynche, or assuredly constant to ye ende, but yo  
owne Health, wealth, and Honor; supported by all 
effectuall meanes of mightiest value, z5 
An aduised man, noway rude, or ignorant, must vse 
euery conference to his proper benefit, & aduantage : 
he must make A commodity and gayne of euery 
Discourse : he must loose, or neglect nothing that may 
obiter be gotten. Th'only easy familiar way, to excell. 3o 
Angelus en furius, quo non jnstructior alter, 
Siue Arte Artifices, seu numine vincere numen. 
Angelus en furius, quo non resolutior alter, 
Et fraudare homines, et fallere numina mundi. 

Commonplace Book 8 9 

A Joab for Abner : A Chusay for Achitophel : ABc a mat,h for 
Mercury for Argus. Aut fistula ; aut ense. 
fast bynde, & fast fynde. Auoyde euery other*sr 
mannes folly, and abandon euery your owne least 
S default in any kynde. 
Mosis serpens deuorauit serpentes Magorum Phara- "rh uisdom of 
onis. the serpent. 
The forgeries, experiments, & collusions of lmpos- 
tors. The deceits of woomen : ye practises ofproelates : 
1o y shiftes of cursitors : y" fraudulent & coouenous con- 
ueiances of Lawiers. ye knacks of Gypsies : ye slightes 
of Juglers. 
I dowt not, but A sensible man may learne ye use of 6r 
ma i ho learnt 
his weapon in A day, or two: of his horse in A day, i, short time. 
5 or two: of his gunne lykewise in A day, or two: ail 
three jn on weeke, by good direction. Any seruiceable 
poynt, ether ciuil, courtly, or militar, is uery soone 
learnid, by Art, & practis. 
principium, dimidium Totius. T,3 '«t''t'« "'" 't' 
zo ipv««r*p« " proeparationes fere operum, ipsis operibus 
operosiores. Enter rowndlyjnto ye bowels ofy" marrer • 
et triduo quiduis assequeris. Reade, & repeate for lyfe, 
with as much liuely conference, as possibely you may- 
& euermore post on to practis: w  only workith 
"-5 proesent masteryes. Auoyde all writing, but necessary : 
w « consumith unreasonable much tyme, before you ar 
aware: you haue alreddy plaguid yourselfe this way: 
Two Arts lernid, whilest two sheetes in writing. 
Bartolus J. C. tanta vsus est frugalitate, et modera-Temperteli, 
exemplified by 
30 tione in cibo, potuque : ut utrumque ad pondus sumere Barol, 
sit solitus : nimirum ut ista ratione, et corpore, et vale- 
tudine semper esset eadem, et oequali: quod solerti, 
arque industrio viro maxime conducit. Eandem etiam 
Charles V. 
Laudem tribuit Carolo V Goblerus J. C. Dr. Haruey ,r.r.rrey. 

9 ° Commonplace Book 

Do hot itch to 


Spcedy Icarn- 
ing cxcmplified 
by Coesar, 

Alcxandc G 
Joan of Arc 

Ferd. Corduba, 


'Our little 

was herein A most excellent Bartholist, hauing browght 
his boddy into ye most setlid & confirmed frame, that 
euer 1 knew in any of his yeares. He risse continually 
& infaIIibIy at fiue, or before : his Diett alIwaies alyke : 
r'easonable exercise & recreation euery day in y yeare : 5 
he neuer fayled to breath his hownde once A day at least. 
A most wise order, more worth, then all physique besyde. 
Lacedoemonij Leges, et omnia magna scribebant in 
animis: reliqua negligebant. Lycurgus, Socrates, Pytha- 
goras, Druydes, sapientissimi homines, omnia 117p«9« o 
esse uoluerunt. 
The brauest mixture in yC world, to be merry & wise. 
Coesar, magna gerenda dicebat, non consultanda: 
quippe in quibus plurimum pollent Audatia, et Celeri- 
tas. Cicero, triduo esse voluit Jurisconsultus. Ye i s 
French Aduocate jn Alphonsus Court. Euery profes- 
sion, and faculty whatsoeuer, but A feate, and a Slight. 
Alexander, an Unexpert youth, a most incomparable 
Warrior. ye French Virago, A young wenche, A very 
excellent warrior with woonderfull victoryes: Dauid, zo 
A forward stripling, vanquisshed A huge Giant: A 
ualiant lusty coorage with continual, & most uigorous 
lndustry, dispatchith ail, & workith Miracles. Memento 
semper Coesaris Borgioe jn polemicis: Machiauelli in 
politicis : Ferdinandi Hispani jn scholasticis : qui ado- z5 
lescentulus, cum alia omnia, tutu etiam Juridica per- 
callebat. Etiam Valerio Petroniano Eudromo, mult6 
magis ,)t, ot-*o.,: : qui tamen Petronianus annos tres, et 
uiginti natus, diuina, humanaque J ura expeditè tenebat : 
nihilominus medicinam, politicaque professus ; legatio- 30 
neque urbica, et peregrina quinquies functus. (Ower 
litle Hubert, hable to discourse reddily in Law, in 
Diuinity, in all kyndes of historyes, in Arithmetique, 
Geometry, ye Sphoere, in a manner wfiuersally in all 

Commonplace Boo 9  

Lerning : by A good witt, apt & quick : speedy dispatch 
of on thing atonce with often repetition. & practis, 
upon euery light occasion. He might safely be made 
a uery Ferdinando Corduba, by y" same yeares.) The 
S L. Cromwell, by ye only promptnes of his wit, facility 
of speach, & A pragmatical dexterity to all purposes, 
ouershadowed & obscured, euen our greatist clarkes. 
My L. Treasurer, alyke singular by semblable meanes, 
with sure lytle more lerning, & lyke politique Method. 
o Any Art, or science, liberal, or mechanical may sum- 
marily be lernid for ordinary talke, in three dayes; for vse, 
practis, & profession, in six: any language, to vnder- 
stande, in six : to speake, & write, in twelue. My brother 
Jon, did lerne to Domify, per se, in two or 3 howers ; 
S ye Vrinal, in few more. Many such pragmatical feates, 
proesently gotten. 

Thomas, Lord 

Lord Burleigh, 

John H-rvey. 


[After quoting from 'Egnatius de patientia', the story ,Tf 
of Franciscus Dandolus, who after failing in other 
supplications to the Pope on behalf of the Venetians, 
at last moved his compassion by creeping under his 
table and tying a chain round his own neck, Harvey 
continues :] 


A very notable 
Aretino, or owld 
z Gylbert, or any such braue old hedd, or peraduenture 
even ye Queene of Scottes in sum semblable kynde. 


Doggtrick: and meete for Vnico Dsdainno 
means of 
Mr. Wythipoll, or Syr Humfry,,«,s,. 

Chi la dura, la vince. Rogeros flying horse. 
Vita, vigilia. Sleepe, the swad of the world. Triplex 
Entelechia, maximum Secretum. 
Captain Skynkes late Aduenture thorowgh ye Prynce .s r 
of Parmas host in ye night, euen to ye Prynces owne 
howse, whome he marie flye owt at a wyndow, ye 
watchword first gotten. 

9 OE Commonplace Book 

, oml ." 
Joan of Arc, 

Maria Puteo- 

Pope Joan, 

Early 19 r 
rising, temper- 
ance exercise. 

[After quoting the story of Joan of Arc 'ex illustribus 
Exemplis Egnatij 1 3 c OE De fortitudine,' Harvey 
continues :] 
A gallant Virago : Vnius Virginis Gallicœe, jncredibilis 
sui fiducia, mirabilisque fortitudo: A most worthy 5 
ualiant young wenche, General of ye fielde, worthy to 
be Queene of France at least, for her Labo'. Vos 
etenim Juuenes animos geritis muliebres : Illaque Virgo 
viri. What may not an Industrious, & politique man 
do, with lyke, or more coorage ; when A lusty aduen- ,o 
turous wenche might thus much prœeuayle ? Nothing 
in her, but A liuely prœesumptuous Audacity, and braue 
vigour, ad omnia quarè. She cowld haue no other great 
value at those yeares: much of Alexanders mettal, & 
a wife worthy of him, if wiuing might hot haply haue ,5 
marid [marred] both. 
Huic adde Mariam Puteolanam; quœe item puella, 
domesticis seditionibus excitata, relicto penso, ac cola- 
this, Gladium, et hastam, virili sumpto habitu, sumpsit, 
primaque in acie semper uersans, fortissimè semper zo 
dimicavit. Illud mult6 memorabilius accessit, quod 
inter militaria saga, virosque semper agens, virgineum 
pudorem, quàmuis longè pulcherrima, nunquam usquam 
ad mortem amiserit : id in primis cupiens, et agens, ut 
ciues o'»nes sui, in summa Concordia agerent, patriœeque z 
dignitatem proecipue admirarentur. (Two right noble 
wenches, and famous Examples for ye woonderful effects 
of Audacious Industry. 
A maruelous successe of bowldnes, & other suffi- 
ciency. That A woman shoold prooue Pope. The 3o 
heroical Exploit of Judith, upon Holofernes. 
Annibal, vsing continually, to ryse uery early before 
day, neuer restid all day long, untill ye night cam againe : 
atlength in y twylight he restid himselfe at supper : he 

Commonplace Book 93 

oftymes sleepid upon y° bare grownde, hauing to couer 
him, nothing but his owne Cloke. (A short Antepast 
& Repast. 
Scipio was woont to eate his bread, as he walked in Scpo, 
5 his iorney with his frends: w ch is also reportid of 
Alexander ye Great. (A hunters feast, tanquam canis, 
bibens t Nilo, et fugiens.) A modicum. A snatch, & 
Lykewise Masinissa, being fowersquore, & ten yeares 
o owld, was woonte at noone to eate his meate, ether 
standing before his pauilion, orelse walking upp, & 
Ail these vsed continual exercise: A thin spare Diett: 
& litle sleepe. (Actiue and sturring men.) 
*S All y speede, is in ye morning: q' my Moother. r*F 
Sanat, doctificat, ditat quoque, Surgere Manè. Mother. 
Surgere man cit6, spacium peragrareque ser6, 
Hoec facient pu|chros homines, sanosque, alacresque. 
Manè Medicus dat pharmacum : manè Jureconsultus 
zo clientibus consulit : manè Theologus inuocat Deum. 
In y" bookes of y° Kings, ail actions, and businesses, 
commonly enterprised uery early jn y morning. 
See, what great matters may be dispatchid in on night» 9 
Four opportu- 
by ualiant Industry, and cunning pollicy. itF of attack. 
zS T. Martius, A right ualiant industrious Knight of'ritu, 
Roome, being goouernour ofy ° residu ofy « Army, that 
remained after y death of y two worthy Scipios: & 
perceiuing, that two hostes of y° Carthaginians lay at 
hand, hot many myles asunder : jn A magnanimous & 
30 noble resolution, encouraged his Sowldiours to take 
good harte unto them, & play y partes lyke right men, 
as they were, & sett lustely upon ye host, that lay next 
unto him, at midnight, (w  we commonly call y dead 
tyme of y" night) being now secure, & iocunde, & owt 

On efforl" 
nt - rime. 

94 Commonplace Book 
of all order, thorowgh afiance & prsumption of yr 
victory : y aduenture was straitwais resolued, & imme- 
diatly executid, insomuch that they slew rightowt euery 
moothers sonne of that whole hoste, hOt leauing so 
much as A messanger to karry tydings of that wofull 5 
& most miserable Nightesworke. Then giuing his 
Sowldiours A lyttle space to rest them, in the heate of 
that peremptory, & furious rage, euen theselfsame Night, 
with all forcible and possible haste, proeuenting y flying 
faine of y fresh Victory, nolesse ualiantly & mightily ,o 
inuadid thother Army. Thus twise i** on nighte, enioy- 
ing lyke happy chance ofbattail, and euery where destroy- 
ing ye Carthaginians in huge multitudes : he famously 
& mosthonorably, with notorious & furious speede, 
restorid Spaine againe to y Romanes. (no other course, 5 
could so effectually haue preuailid.) (his couragious & 
worthy Act of manhood, was y° greater, & more noble, 
in that it was so resolutely aduenturid, & so ualiantly 
atcheeuid, in ye middest of yr owne most greeuous & 
2or wofull calamity. I My collection. Incontinently upon zo 
mine owne foyle and my Enemies victory; in y topp ofy  
iollity, & security, woold I most curragiously & furiously, 
ex improuiso, sett upon them with all possible mayne. 
On Iron in y fyer atonce. (ï,, r¢.,b¢ ',,) 
Langrauius Hassioe, prudentissimus princeps, solebat z 5 
dicere : Siquis Tres Inimicos habeat, pacem cure duobus 
componendam, quo Tertius possit superari. Ne Hercules 
quidem contrà duos. The Romanes were neuer ouer- 
chargid with two great warres atonce : the cheife mighty 
cause ofyr happy and honorable successe. Machiauel 3o 
at larg Disco'si lib 2 cap I where y" meanes ar lykewise 
discoouerid, whereby y" Romanes might haue bene kept 
short, in case all y enemies woold haue vnited them- 
selues togither, conioyned there uttermost forces against 

Comrnonplace Book 95 

Vtrinque virtus vnita fortior. Vnum obiectum satis 
vni organo, vno tempore. 
Many notable & most worthy Disputations, Confu- 
rations, & Reioynders, in those excellent Commentaryes 
of/Eneas Syluius, afterward Cardinal, & Pope Plus . 
Very eloquent, lernid, & uehemcnt Orations in utram- 
que partem : sure for Pope Eugenius, sum against him : 
few gallanter proesidents of publique Discourse. A 
booke, worthy of curious Reading. 
Nihil ullo in loco odiosum facicndum, apud ullum 

_t r The 
of/Encas Syi- 
vius» examples 
of skilful 

zt v Keep 
your good hu- 
hominum genus. A most exccllct resolution & reposç, ,,r nd  
both for witt, and boddy : To passe ouer all things by good h«-rt. 
way of merriment, w th continual alacrity, & dexterity" 
euen in taking y foyle, & whatsoeuer reptalse. (Well : 

5 non  tempo adesso: it will onday be better: Vir 
fugiens, denu6 pugnabit ; but for hope, y" Hart woold 
brust. A good hart, is more worth, thon all y gowld 
jn y Exchequor.) 
Senecœe Amatorium poculum. A quibus amari, et 
zo indulgeri uis, eos ut apertè amcs, et indulgcas. Ccrtis- 
situa Regula. 
He bearith his misery best, that hydeth it most. '- 
Summa fiducia, in summo periculo" maxima abun- 
dantioe pompa, in maxima penuria" in extrema miseria, 
zS apparentissima foelicitas. 
Totius hominis tota vis, simul, et semel coacta, arque -.v Co,- 
centratc ail 
uehementissimè extensa, ad Hoc Vnum, ldemque pera- o, strength 
on on¢ ilTIITle- 
gendum: eccoe statim euadit fortissima, et miraculai.t««n. 
operatur. Sola rectissima ratio, omnis excellentissime, 
:o et admirabilissimoe perfectionis acquirendoe. Probatio 
ad Solem. 
Principia, proesertim practica, Jurisprudentioe, et Havethee«- 
ments of Law 
Politicoe ; ad unguem, semper, habenda in promptu ;-t o 
tam paratissimo vsu, quam quotidiana vestimenta: 

9 6 Commonplace Boo/e 

iike Aubrcy or 

Speculator and 
your au- 23r 

Meditate on 
the deeds of 

Joan of Arc, 



Nemo omnium ut in ijs œeque promptus uideatur : ne 
Auberius quidem, aut Hammondus. 
Coetera, suis Tempestatibus, et occasionibus reser- 
uanda: nisi qu6d jnterim biblicœe Oeconomiœe peritis- 
simum esse oportet ; proesertim in peruolutandis Tribus 5 
Methodis Vigelij ; Ciuili; Canonica; et Communium 
Opinionum: cum Repertorio Magno. In quibus obuij 
erunt quique Casus: aut saltem Capita Casuum: quorum 
ampliorem, acutioremque Discussionem DDD. sugge- 
rent, quoties Vsui proesenti erunt. Quibus Tempestati- ,o 
bus, procliue fuerit ; Raptari iam iamque per infinitam 
glossarum, et Doctorum viro, et continuis certorum 
dierum, noctiumque Lucubrationibus, immodicam volu- 
minum immensitatem, auidissime, rapidissime, sed inten- 
tissim exsorbere : consentanea proposito, dexterrim '5 
colligendo: dissentanea, promptissimè separando. 
Speculator, et Machauellus, Duo principes Auctores. 
multùm, non multi : nisi practica exigente. 
When you haue no certain proesent obiect to thynke 
vppon : bethynke you of sure on, or two most notable, zo 
and egregious Examples, ether of proffitt, of pleasure, 
or of honour. Sure memorable Act, and braue practise : 
ether uery proffitable, uery pleasurable, or uery honor- 
x. The French Viragos Imperatory, and Militair zS 
Industry ; acheuing wunderfull Exploytes and assuring 
curragious Industry ofani victory, euen against all hope 
of possibility. 
2. The state of Fermo, gallantly surprized by Signo' 
Oliueretto. 3o 
3- Beausalts politique and ualiant escape owt of 
4-Coesaris duoe preciosissimoe picturoe, Aiax, 
Medea : 

vterque plenus furijs; ille Martijs; hoec 

Commonplace Book 97 

Mercurialibus. Erat ipse uiolentissimo actionum furore 
Aiax, et Medea : callidissimis jngenij machinationibus, 
Vlisses, et Syren. Igneo semper spiritu oestuans. 
5. Duodecim famosi Labores Herculis. The most 
5 egregious acts, and admirable exploytes of ye Nine 
Worthyes. The Miracles of Moses, Christ, Apollonius 
Tyanoeus, Mahomett. Eery singular man, did acheue 
certain singular notorious workes; worthy all mens 
commendation, and admiration. 
,o 6. The most constant resolution and inuincible jm- 
portunity of Dandalo that worthy Ambassadour, who 
hauing effectually tried all other possible meanes of 
persuading, and seeing now no other hope in ye world 
of proeuayling, cast himself prostrate at ye feete ofye 
* 5 prynce, and crept under his Table lyke A Dogg : lying 
there jn most base and abiect manner, untill atlast with 
fountaines ofteares and ail dutyes ofextreme humility, 
he bredd compassion j] A hart of flynte, & wunne the 
inexorable Tyrant to his purpose. A right Oratour, 
zo that woold neuer surcease persuading, & compassionat- 
ing, until he finally proeuayled, and ouercamme. 
A Lion, treading vpon A Dragon ; with the Motto: 
Fortitudine superatur lnuidia. 

The Nine 


An Emhlem. 

  Ciuill and unciuill Lyfe.--Valentine. 
Towching ye conuersation ofCuntry Gentlemen, you 
shall, beside the rusticity of there howses, and unseeme- 
lines of there garmentes; fynde them full of Lofty 
lookes, barbarous behauiour, and undecent dooings: 
3o As for example, sure on will lawgh, when he speakith : 
An other will cowgh, before he tellith his Tale: And 
sum will gape, or yawne, when he giueth the hearing. 
So as in deede, (unles they be of better education) 
few do knowe what countenance to make among y 


3 v Quota- 
tmns from 
C)'uile and un- 
cyuile Ly.fe 

9 8 Comraonplace Book 


œequalls; and among y" betters ar utterly to seeke. 
Also if they happen to dine at any Table, ether they 
remain sullenly silent, orelse they fall into speech of yr 
owne Ancestours, y" owne Lands, yr owne wiues, or 
children : other subiect oftalke you shall seldom fynde  
among these sortes of cuntry men. 
In good fayth Syr, when I remember all mine acquaint- 
ance, I confesse that sure ofthem, (cheefely in cumpany,) 
ar to seeke which way to Looke ; and much more how ,o 
to jntertaine, wbich I speake hot only of us, that dwell 
in ye Cuntry, but by yo  leaue, of many Courtiers. 
I ara hot so simple (althowgh simplest ofmany) but 
that I fynde in Court diuerse, as unworthy the name of* 
Courtiers ; as of you, that deserue hot ye reputation of 
Gentlemen. But yet necessity, and occasion do drawe 
us to be of better manner ; and cheefely in owr dooings 
to use more respect. And woold you practise mine 
opinion, to lyue sumtymes in Cuntry, and sumtymes in 2o 
Citty, or Court ; yee cowld hOt choose but know y 
thrift of the on, whereof ye boast ; and also y ciuility 
of ye other, w « y wante. 
Vincent (paul6 ante) 
Cuntry gentlemen, best hable to talke of y* shyre, 2S 
wherein they dwell; as of y fertility, or barennes 
thereof; of hawking, or hunting ; of fisshing, or fowl- 
ing; and finally of ail such matter, as concernith ether 
y" pleasure, or proflît. Only they lack y Art of 
Adulation, or ye skill of ceremonious speech : borrowed 3o 
from Discourses beyound ye Mountains. 
The greatist Trauaylers full of respects; and in ail 
y" dooings, there manner is to use more modesty, & 
cunning, then other folk. more reuerence & regarde. 

Commonplace Book 99 

Good Interteinement of Gentlewoomen and Ladyes, 
on speciall property of A right Gentleman. No saluta- 
tion, withowt much respect and ceremony. 

Not euery fayre box, or gallypott, that standith in y 
5 Apoticaryes shopp, is full of good oyntment, or good 
conserues. Offenders may be pittied for yr case, not 
maintained for yr cause. He that bestowith owte uppon 
A deade carkase, takith sumthing from himselfe, but 
giuith him nothing. It is A woomanly part, to be 
io outragious, or furious in anger. A wooman doth lightly 
coouet that most, that is denyed ber most. The Sufi 
gratifieth good & badd. 
A badd cause needith A good oratour. A deformid 
boddy A fayre garment. The Moone sheweth her 
'5 Light in y world, w ch she receyuith of y Sonne : so ar 
men to employ, and declare yr good giftes. Meane 
things ar most in number, and greatist in measure : but 
where is excellency, there is scarsity. God himselfe 
cannot please euery man. 
zo That is neuer too often repeated, w «' is neuer learned, 
or practised enowgh. 
Had I wist, cummith too late : it is good, to be wise 
before y° Mischiff. 
He that knowith hot so much, as he owght, is A 
25 beast amongst men. 
He that knowith so much, as he owght, is A man 
amongst beastes : 
He that knowith more, then he needith, and excellith 
in wisdom, is A God amongst men. 
3o Eueri Vice hath a cloak : and preasith, or creepith in, 
under ye maske of A vertu. 
poore Gentlemen must be fayne to putt ye Seruants 
wages in y Masters Breeches. 

from Sir Hgh 
Platt's Tbe 
Floure, of Pl, ilo- 
,00,i«(,ST).(. ) 

IOO Commonplace Book 

The Prynce is lyke ye Sonne, w «' neuer standith still 
withowt great hurte unto all. 
Noble men Councelours, ar lyke Gentlemen that 
shoote rayer, and farr off. 
Had yonge men knowledg, and owld men strength, ç 
The world woold becum A new paradise. 
The foole wantith all things : yet if he had them all, 
he cowld hOt use anyon of them. 
It is better hOt to lyue, then hOt to know how to ]yue, 
or hOt to lyue as you know. o 
These few fruytes owt of those flowers. 
The crimson, & purple morning, a souerain frende 
of ye animal, & reasonable powers. 
Your Journal, Alacrity, & Actiuity. 
Potentissima Belli, pacisque machina, Oratio. Elo- *; 
quence, ye mightiest engin of y" world. 
He hath helpes for aduersity, that sowght them in 
Strokes betwixt mates ar light. 
So strong is y" force of Affection, that it deemith all zo 
other qualityes lyke itselfe. 
A man hath free arbitrage to begin Looue, but hOt 
to ende it. 
The cowgh will needs be heard: and Looue soone 
bewrayeth itselfe, z 5 
He is dubble slayne, that is killed with his owne 
A lytle pollicy proeuaileth, when A great deale of 
strength fayleth. 
A Teacher of Errors, is A disciple of Vices. 3o 
A fault once excused, is Twise committed. 
If you coouet to be well spoken off, then vse to 
speake well of other ; and spare hOt to do well, when 
conueniently you may. 

Commonphce Book I 0 1 

A happy man shall be sure to haue more coosens, 
and kinsfolks, then euer he had, ether by fathers, or 
mothers syde. 
That mai happen to many, 
5 W c'' doth happen to any. 
He threatenith many, 
That hurtith any. 
On unthankfull beggar doth hinder ail ye rest of his 
o Subtract occasion : and what enuy remayneth ? 
The remembrance of best things, will soone passe 
owt of memory : if it be hot often renued, & reuiued. 
Memori woold at least be lyke a Nett, w eu howldith 
great fisshes, and lettith small passe thorowgh. 
15 The spyder weauith her webb owt of herself: so 
sure coyne slaunders, & lyes owt of yr own mynt. 
fi'utes of good goouerncment, owt of y « flowers of pbilo- 
Ether hOt towch or pay home. Take heed of con- 
zo trary windes, & false hartes. 
Matrons ar praised for there silence : orators for there 
Small helpes, ioyning togither, grow uery strong. 
Heauy repentance followith light credit. 
zS It is A fault as well, to beleeue ail things, as to beleeue 
nothing : but ye on vice is more honest, the other more 
Moony, and sowldiours ar y sinews, and marrow of 
warr: y ueri strength of strength. 
3o The wiser man, y° more he cherisheth, & tenderith 
his animal powers. 
Gowld guydeth y globe of y earth : and Coouct- 
ousnes runnith rownd abowt with it. 

I02 Commonplace Book 

What matter is it, how much thou hast ? that is much 
more, w c thou wantist. 
He that spendith much, and hath but small liuing to 
maintaine it, is neuer like to leaue his son A Gentleman. 
On spender had neede be * matchid with two sparers. 5 
• married to two sparers. 
Thou shalt be A God to thyself if thou chaunce 
uppon A rich wife. 
When thou goist awooing, marke how thy neighbours. 
haue spedd before ye. ,o 
He that will thryue, will begin to spare in ye first 
yeare of his Marriage. 
He that will thryue, must fise at fiue, 
He that hath thryuen, may lye till seauen, 
He that will neuer thryuen, may lye till aleuen. ,S 

Too late sparing at y" bottum ; where nothing left, 
but y least, & last. 
Sure looue to haue an Oare in other mennes boates ; 
yet will committ there owne shippes to y" winde, and 
weather. 2o 
He is much deceyuid, that thynkith A prynce can 
continue long in safety. 
It is no lesse dishonour to A prynce to haue destroyed 
many his subiects, than discredit to A physicion, to 
haue killed many patients. 25 
Be not A Cipher in any thing, wherein you haue 
Interest. make not y" Title a Tittle. 
Seuerity, often used, doth quickly loose her autority. 
A gentle Master makith idle, & negligent seruants : 
A cruel Master makith them unwilling to yr work, and 3o 
weary of y" seruice. 
Lett fountains of Reconciliation spring from y" : and 
fluddes of dissention flow from other. 

Commonplace Book I o S 

Certayn frutes of discretion ; owt off he Flowers of2S v 
philosophy. Seneca. 
When owld frendes be long absent, then new freindes 
oftentymes stepp in there roome. 
S It is an easy matter to abuse the greatist things ofall : 
But it is uery hard, to use euen trifles, as they owght. 
Admonish frends secretly: but praise them openly. 
Vse sure fayer speech in eueri check, seing those 
words sooner pierce the hart, w  cum thorowgh A 
,o playne smooth wai, then those, w  passe thorowgh A 
rough path. 
Speak frendly, yea thowgh it be to thy Enemy. 
He rulith most in Venus Court, that seruith his 
Lady best. 
*S He that gatherith Roses, must be content to prick 
his fingars, and he that will win his Looues fauour, 
must abide her sharpist words awhile. 
Yeeld to him, that cummith w t maine force, and 
striue hot against the streame. 
2o A pleasant looke doth pacify the Loouer, thowgh his 
Ladyes Hart be neuer so angry. 
A counterfayt dissease is sumtymes remedied w t« A 
salt syrup. 
Peaceable goouernement is lyke ye pure Heauens, that 
25 be as cleare, as ChristaII. 
Witt makith a felicitie of miserie. 
Chiding not used as it owght, is A Medecin layed to 
A sore, that greeuith, but not helpith. 
Malice drinkith upp ye greatist part ofherowne poyson. 
3o Enuy shootith at other: but hittith, and woundith 
Ifthou wilt be greater, enuy not : for he that enuieth, 
is lesse. 
Excessiue glory doth quite extinguish Enuy. 

o4 Uommonplace Book. 


Speak no euill by thy Enemy, how much soeuer 
thou thinkist. 
A smooth enemy is poysonid hoony. 
Pleasure thy frends : and pray for thy foes. 
A frendly mynd is ye niest and neerist kindred. 5 
To looue, and to be loouely, is ye nexte way to gett 
yç Looue of Ladyes. 
Nor God, nor wise man euer doth any thing to 
halues. Deus est, cui nihil deest. 
Eueri little suspicion will encrease calamity. o 
Men which be in fauour, shall bave fauourable judg- 
He that hath once falsified his çaith, wherewithall 
shall he then proeserue himselfe ? 
Ail doith well enowgh, that endith well. 5 
It is neuer well doon, where fortune is putt in trust 
w th y dooing. 
Surfer that w e hurtith, to enioy that which proffitith. 
Gentlenes makith eueri howse happy, wheresoeuer 
it cummith. 2o 
Perfourme that willingly, w e thou canst do: and 
deny that courtuously, w « thou canst hOt do. 
Hope well as long as Hart is whole. 
Vse no Talke in uayne ; but lett it ether proffitt, or 
delight; ether admonish, or persuade, ether commaunde, 25 
or beseech, ether ease, or please him, whome thou 
speakist unto. 
It is an honest seruice, to serue the Tyme. 
\Vhen vice doith well, lett vertu goe. 
Vertu being prouokid, addith much unto herself. 30 
The cheifist mainetenance of" any excellency, is com- 
parison, & oemulation. 
Speake little in prayse of men: but fesse in there 

Comntonpl, tce Book I o  

Straungers wander in yr uoyages : the unskilfull err 
in yr dooings. 
Nothing is long pleasant, except it be renuid with 
5 If thou canst choose, be hot sadd: if thou canst hot 
choose, yet shew hot thyself sadd. 
Glad pouerty, is no pouerty. 
No wiseman offendith twice in on thing. 
Fooles ar lyke babes, allwais crying. 
,o The feare oftentymes, worse then y stroke. 
Fooles ar allwais beginning to Liue. 
He is hot wise, that is not wise for himself. 
If thou wooldist be reputid A wise Magistrate, or 
excellent officer, surfer hot good wittes to comme to 
* 5 promotion. 
The cunning Draper will prouide, to haue his light 
cumme in at A dira window. 
When fooles go to markett, then wise folkes gett 
o There is deceyt in all occupations, but Apoticaries. 
As tru, as A TaylC. 
It matterith hot, how many, or how few, but how 
necessari, and wise bookes thou hast. 
A swift chariot, drawen with slow horses, will nouer 
25 ridd way apace : A man is commonly, as his cumpany, 
and Instruments af. 
Happy is he, that is seruant to y happy. 

Aloe platonicoe. 
3o ficinus soepe in Epist. 
Lentezza : debbollezza, viltà. 
t,.,. ,;,,«t3«,;m,,oç, Alexander, Coesar, omnes non 
rudes, atque simplices pragmatici. 
Confidar in se stesso. 

Nemo magnus sine quodam furore. Madncss.27r Divine 
No sluggish- 


IO6 Commonplace Book 

Serve the z8 r 
state like 

Thomas» Lord 

Sir Francis 

Speech and 

Direct your 
studies to some 
worldly end» 

like Gardiner. 

Use),our talent. 


* Sustine et 

The coyning of base moony, Cardinall Wolseyes 
great Deuyse to enrych the Kynge. Fide Conceit of 
Pollicy, 3 6. 
The suppressing of Abbyes, the Lord Cromwells 
famous aduice. 5 
The Court of Augmentation: Sir Francis Drakes 
Gowlden Booty, from Spain. 
At nihil tale feci; jllis honorificum, mihi turpe. 
Duo saltem magna, et famosa prooemia; vnum ora- 
tionum, alterum actionum. o 
Other schoolepoints, & doctrines, but such, as have 
sum prospect to actual commodity, & proeferment, do 
but %educe there student, and bring him jnto A fooles 
paradise. * disguise. 
Stephen Gardiners only studies, Lawe; Languages, 5 
French, & Italian: & pollicy, w th a little formal 
Lamia, Lais, et Flora, nouerunt uti suo Talento : et 
erant ditissimoe meretrices. 
Multa nouit vulpes : sed Echinus vnum magnum. 2o 
The brauest vertu, & the mightiest worth, A Fiery 
Trigon from his pregnant Birth. 
Triplex Entelechia, Trigonus Igneus. 
Scholasticus versiculus. Loeditur in clune rar6, solens 
equitare. 25 
Clericus annosus, licet annus sit furiosus, 
Non curat brumam, dura drachmam suscipit unam. 
In duobus Epicteti verbis, tota ferè Ethica et Socratica 
philosophia : ,h,g\o,, cci ,igo,,, sustine et abstine : sus- 
tine dura fortiter: abstine a mollibus temperantèr, 3o 
sustine uiriles labores: abstine ab effoeminatis uolup- 
A Persian, or Lacedoemonian, Boddy: stronge ; and 
lytle, nothing excrementitious. 

Commonplace Book 

The emproofe of witt, wealth: the emproofe of3v Wealth 
and honour. 
wealth, reputation. 
Duoe Aloe Mundi, Aurum et Honor. 
A thousand points of good Husbandrie: but fine 34r 
S Getting, and sure Sparing, worth them all. 
Vana est sine viribus Ira. Strength ye natural roote s6v 
of tru confidence. 
Diligentia, strenuitas, ad res gerendas promptitudo ; 45 v Prompt 
Groecis vpag/aO«. ye French Kings interteinement of Charles of 
Anjou and 
o Sordello, Gouernour of Mantua. 
aVlaf:3o6Xot ç ypîol,ra b rîov ;tar(ov roiç rolatipor6rotç» 0" iv Sot Passion, 
the soul of 
roç ;\,o,ç rlrrrî,, g*,,,«g,,o,ç. Cnsiliariis vtuntur, ciuium eloquence. 
audacissimis et apud multos uerba facere pollentibus. 
Earundem Causarum, prudenter at 
x 5 applicatarum, iidem effectus, elocutio 
my proctorship 
sonat, et valet, ut à Motu animi 
my default ; at 
pulsatur, summa causa ualentis pro- Oxford, jn my 
nunciationis ualens animi cogitatjo, Acts for my 
cordata spiritus jntentjo. Animus Doctorship. 
zo cuiusque, is est quisque. 
Cordatissimi ; sui confidentissimi ; audacissimi, et lo*an«s,&- 
quence, and 
jmportunissimi ; eloquentissimi, et ad dicendum poten-winning man- 
tissimi', ore, et vultu gratiosissimi -, ad omnia dicta, nesl«d t°succes. 
facta; ingenio, sermone proesentissimi; omnium in 
zS omnibus adulantissimi, aut saltem placentissimi, apud 
summos, mediocres, infimos summè proeualebunt, et 
omnium animos suffurabuntur. 
Absolons confident popularity, and gratiosity. Absolom. 
Il mondo di presontuosi. 
30 Marius, semel, atque iterum repulsam passus; At Marlus. 
tandem, inquit, per Deos jmmortales, proeualebo, si 
nulla alia virtute, at saltem jmpudenti et obstinata 
jmportunitate. (Argenture viuum.) 
Tanti pris alijs, quanti fueris tibi. 

Cambridg, in n,ey'«a«- 
fault as Proctor 
at Cambridge 
and when per- 
forming his 
Acts at Oxford. 

IO8 Commonplace liook 

The power of 

Self- confidence 

P,e serpent and 
dove, lamb and 

Lose no 51 v 


Vi, et Auro geritur res: prœesertim eloquenti vi, et 
eloquenti auro. 
Totus Mundus Aureum vitulum colit: et Aurum 
omnes Idololatras facit. Novi qui se Asinum optaret ; 
mod6 Aureum. Abijcienda omnia, vt aureum hinnulum 5 
uenêris, ut argenteos cuniculos agas. 
Cogitata sunt mentis : Dicta, et facta, Spiritus. 
Artes maximé quiduis 
Chrematisticoe lmpudentia operantur. ,o 
Cure bona dose 
Argenti, aut Auri 
A grain ofcreditt with other ; and A dramme of con- 
fidencejn yo'self; is powerable to remooue mountaynes 
and states, and to work Miracles: being politiquely 15 
applied with reasonfull discretion. 
Acta fidem faciant. Columbinus serpens : serpentina 
columba: Agnina vulpes: Vulpinus agnus. Sed agen- 
dura quamprimum aliquid Notabile, et famosum, publicè 
proedicandum : quod vel à magno quouis viro possit pro- 2o 
cedere. Tum rei soli familiari, omnibus uijs, et modis, 
appetentissimè instandum, peritissimè constandum. 
Nulla lucelli occasiuncula, aut circumstantiuncula 
Sed heu, quàm breuis oetas; 25 
et Vita, quàm inconstans ! 
Impetuosa, et importuna perpetuaque festinatione 
peropus est. 
pro summis viribus omni modo. 
Angelus furius : Angelusjn sermonibus, et consilijs : 30 
furius in actionibus, et negotijs. Aretinus, ex improuiso 
semper irruens perpetua Regula: Ecquid erit precij ? 
Nain nimium nimiumque iam perditum optimoe partis 

Gassarus 10 9 

Vtilissimoe partes Juris Ciuilis, et Canonici ; prœeterea 
communis nostri Anglici tantum, quantum uel praxis 
Juridica. in foro Ecclesiastico requirit, uel pragmaticum 
inter nostrates commercium, in Discursibus pactisque 
5 popularibus. 
In Romanorum Artibus, vernaculoe Jurisprudentia, 
et vernaculoe Eloquentia:, propè infinita vis. 
Medicinam aut Theologiam parure admodum atti- 
gerunt: vt artes minimè politicas; et ad capessandam 
o domi, aut militioe Remp. nihil, aut valdt parure con- 
ducentes : imo plurimum officientes jnterdum. 

The most 
neccssary parts 
of Law. 

The Romans 
valucd Law 
abovc Mcdicine 
or Theology. 

Historiarum et Chronicorum totius Mundi epitome. 
 Gabriel Haruejus x576 Capo di buona speranzaTit«p-,g« 
Hora est iam nos è Somno Surgere : Bishop Gardiners 
[On the words 'g'ormenta bombard«rum . . a monacho r.'-sç ,v«n- 
Germanico . inuenta ":] tion of guns. 
20 The first Invention of Gunnes in Germany A brave 
devyse for a Moonke No Kyng, or Captayn coold ever 
devyse the lyke ingin. 
Tamerlane ofa lusty stowt Heardman A most ualiant p. 2s6 
& inuincible Prynce. 
25 His tents y first day whyte : y 2 redd" y 3- black. 
Baiazetem Turcarum Imp. in cauea ferrea circumfert, 
ludibrij causa. 
Gabriel Haruejus p. 277 , at end 
:30 Mense Februarjo x577 
[On the words 'Joannes Faustius artem imprimemK p. 26 Faust's 
invention of 
libros . Moguntiw in Germania adinuenit' :] printing. 
A gallant devyse, and as honorable for the cuntry, as 
the former terrible Invention of Goonnes. 


M. Fabii Quintiliani . . Institutionum oratoriam«m Libri xii. 
Parisiis . . Ex Officina Rob. Stephani. MDXLII. 8 °. 

Title page 

Men of p. z 
t'. A.D. i00. 

Synopsls p. 6 
of Quintilian's 
l mti tutions. 

P. 7 
compared with 
L. Valla. 

Gabrielis Harueij mense Martio 1567 precium iii" vi '. 
Gabriel Haruejus I579. 5 
In eadem sub Imperatoribus, Domitiano, Nerua, 
Trajano oetate uiguerunt Quinctilianus, Suetonius, 
Tacitus, duo Plinij, Plutarchus, Dion Prusejus : omnes 
egregi docti, et clari uiri • proeter haud obscuri nominis 
Poetas, J uuenalem, Martialem, Silium et Stellam. Litera- 1 o 
tissimum soeculum. 
Plinius Secundus, Quinctiliani discipulus, iamque 
amplissimus Senator, et doctorum hominum patronus 
singularis; proeceptori suo, in filioe matrimonium, 5oooo 
numfim dederat. 1 5 
The first two bookes, preparative. 
The rive next, Logique for Invention, and disposi- 
The fower following, Rhetorlque for Elocution, & 
pronunciation : Logique for memory: an accessary, zo 
and shaddow of disposition. 
The last, A supplement, and discourse of such appur- 
tenaunces, as may otherwyse concerne an Orato  to 
knowe, and practise. As necessary furniture, and of 
no lesse vse, or importaunce in Oratory Pleas, then the z 5 
[On the concluding sentences of the Procmium :] 
Ant, et post Valloe dialecticarum disputationum 
libros tres: eodem fere acri, criticoque spiritu tam 
disert concinnatos; quàm liberrim effusos. Nec vel o 
huius, vel illius piget, tanto cum fructu, ac iucunditate 
totiès perlecti. Talia verb, decies repetita placebunt: 
vt scitè ille. 

Quintilian t i I 

[On I. cap. ii :] 
Semidocti, omnium maxim perniciosi, et jntolera- 
"Enw rr«&«, pueri in primis refert 
 quant6 magis interest literati adolescentis ? Sine 
Graecae linguoe peritia, tantùm semidoctus est, vel 
latinissim literatus. Ut Erasmus Roffensem, doctissi- 
mum alioqui Episcopum ; Checus Haddonum ipsum ; 
Textorem Vives; Carpentarium Ramus, non nisi 
fo semiliteratos iudicabant. Undè de Haddono iocatus 
est Aschamus, licèt amicissimus, Vna illum ala voli- 
tasse. Et satis erat frigida Pomponij La, Il excusatio, 
qui h Groecis abstinuisse auctoribus videbatur, ne 
Romanoe suœe virginis castitatem, id est, Latinoe linguoe 
15 puritatem, vitiaret. At non violatur virgo filia, castoe 
lautoeque matris comitatu. 
Ars mnemonica. Vnde à teneris 
[On I. cap. iii. :--] 
Vnus uni Magister, Discipulo. 
2o futurus Orator se faciat multis familiarem ; nec uelut 
claudus sutor totos dies desideat dotal. 
Quid, nisi secretoe lœeserunt Phyllida syluoe ? 
[On I. cap. x, on the words' Etiamne hominem appellari, 
quia sit humo natus ? quasi verb non omnibus animalibus 
25 eadem origo : aut illi primi mortales antè nomen imposu- 
erint terrw, quhm sibi' 
nihil est, quod dicis, Quintiliane. nonne etiam cuncta 
animalia moriuntur, et tamen se solos homines mortales 
appellauere ? cur autem mortj nomen imposuere prius, 
30 quàm sibj ? 
Sunt qui hominem h consortio, et societate, arque 
concordia vitœe appellatum volunt, propterea qu6d groec 
6#,h, ovç, concors, et 61a6vom concordia consensusque 
nominatur, hominem enim omnium animalium maxim 

The half- 

Ignorance of 
Greek in 
Bishop Fisher, 
W. Haddon 


P- 4 Learn- 
ing by heart. 
p. t6 

P.  7 The 
Orator must be 
a man of the 

p- 4-6 * Homo' 
derived from 
&hHmus' or 
olloVoo ç ? 

 12 uinttltan 

Grcek and 
Latin Authors 
suitable for 

Valla's favorite 

style over- 

Never despair. 
p. 7 g 
natural to boïs. 

p. 89 
Learning by 

esse sociabilem, veteresque non hominem quidem dix- 
isse, sed homonem, autor Perottus. 
lngeniosè illud quidem, sed parure rectè. 
[On l. cap. xiv :--] 
Poetarum cognitio pueris .gratior. Qualis Homeri 5 
B,,Tp,,V,t,,ot,,,¢,,. Virgilij Moretum Eclogoe. Epita- 
phium Bionis. Adonidis. Hymnus Apollinis. Quibus 
addi possunt lepidissimoe Aesopi fabuloe, e Luciani 
dialogis facetissimi. Vt pro copia Latinoe etiam Linguoe, 
Viuetis, Erasmique colloquia, proe ceteris elegantissima ,o 
atque floridissima. Quomodo etiam placent Terenti.j, 
atque Plauti suauissimœe Comoediœe. Et quid tandem 
selectis quibusdam M. Tullij epistolis, ac dialogis 
politius, aut venustius? A quibus inchoari velim 
Latinoe linguœe elegantiam. 5 
Nullos auctorum video tantùm L. Valloe perplacuisse, 
quantum Cicero, et ipse Quintilianus: Virgilius, et 
Homerus: Liuius, et Herodotus. 
v. s3 [On Quintilian's praising Cicero's use of quotations 
from the poets :--] 2o 
Ab hoc iudicio factus est Quintiliani stylus paul6 
nimis poeticus. Vt soleam quasi oratorum poetam appel- 
lare Quinctilianum ; Virgilium vero, tanquam poetarum 
v. 57 [On I. cap. xvi ad fin. ' mrpiter desperatur quicquid fieri 2 5 
pot«st" :--] 
Magnanimi Equitis Humfredi Gilbert gnoma apode- 
[On II. cap. iv :--] 
Vbertas, et foecunditas in puero, adolescente, est 3o 
Redundans copia, wde aliquid amputes. 
[On Il. cap. viii :] 
Auctorum ]nsigniores loci, potissimum ediscendi. 
Loci aliquot ,,;,,,,. 

Quintilian   3 

[On II. cap. ix :] 
{ froenis 
optimus do«tor vsus cal«aribus. 
[On II. cap. xii :--] 
Ineruditi, vulgo jngeniosiores habiti. 
Greatest Clarkes, wisest men ? Heywood part OE. c 5- 
Vide Hutteni Aulam. Academici, quod sciunt, nes- 
ciunt &c. 
Interest doctiorum» esse exemplaria indoctorum. 
Turpe eruditis ab indoctis superari. Vel solus Quinc- 
tilianus proe«larè docebit eruditos egregiè vincere 
ineruditos. Vt quidem eximi docuit Vallam, Decem- 
brium, Rodolphum, nonnullos alios, suis maioribus 
conspicuè proecellentes. 
[On I1. cap. xvii :--] 
Abusus Artificum, non usus Artium nocere. 
Non vini, sed culpa bibentis. 
[On I lI. cap. i:--] 
Proetermissum miror politissimum illum Demetrium 
Phalereum rrt, ,Ot,,'doç [sic]. 
Plus Dionysio Halicarnasseo debuit Quintilianus 
quàm proe se fert. proesertim in elogijs et censuris 
clarissimorum autorum. 

p. 9 ! 

The utaleartaed 
popularly con- 
sidered cleverer 
than the 

p. to9 
The evil of 
learnlng in the 
p. tz7 
mlustce to 
Dion'sius of 

cur proetermissus Tacitus, etiam synchronus ? 
z5 Plinius Quinctiliani discipulus : Tacitus, oemulus. 
[On I I I. cap. iv :] PP. , -4 
Demosthencs Jestes, cam hardly and harshly from him : .«osthe.e, 
hot raturall, 
hot with any naturall facility, but artificially enforcid, as witt, like 
it were shorne against the wooll. He had no maner of Citer° 
30 grace or fylicity this way. Tully as pleasurable, and as 
full of his conceytid jestes and merrimentes, when he 
floorisshed--as owr S' Thomas More of late memory, ° Si,'rhoa 
Theire speciall grace, and fylicity this way. Both to be 
reckonid in the number ofthose, whome we terme uery 

Sed P-' 2s Tacitus. 

t 14 Quintilian 

Jesting p. 3a $ 
a5 part of the 
cquipment of 
an orator. 

p. 3z3 

p. 3z4 
Mr. Harrison 
of Radwynter. tO 

and p. 33z 

p. 357 

Eloquence and 
urbanit), needed 
to gain influ- 

good at a Kutt ; & ofwhome we may say : They were 
borne with a iest jn their mowth. 
Vulgaris versiculus. Sylua tenet Leporem : sapientis 
lingua Leporem. 
De jocis, et facetijs, conferendi Lib: OE. de Oratore : g 
jl secondo libro del Cortegiano dol Conte Castiglione : 
Jouiani Pontani de Sermone urbano, et faceto libri sex : 
proesertim tertius : M. Secrctary Wylsons Rhetoric : of 
delighting the Hcarcrs, and stirring them to Lawghter : 
The diuision of plcasaunt behauiour: pleasaunt sport o 
made by delightfull, and liuely rehearsing of A whole 
marrer : Sport moouid by telling owld merry Talcs, or 
straunge Historyes. fol. 69. 7% 7 I. 7 OE. 73 &c. Jocorum, 
ueterum, ac recentium libri trcs Adriani Barlandi. 
ye most compound Jcst, ye best. 5 
So in stratagems : so in ail singular deuyses. 
A mixture, and concourse of many Conceytes, in on. 
he is as suttle, and false, as A sheepe. 
M. Harrison of Radwynter, sayd he wanted nothing 
be Doctor, but wyll, skyll, and beare it owt. zo 
{ Omnium horarum hominem esse. 
Duoe singulares Proteum. 
laudes Ingenium semper in numerato 
habere. Linguam in manu. 
[On thc title of Book VIII :m] z 
Salue pulcherrima, arque nitidissima Virgo: tam diu 
desyderata tanto ardore flagrantissimi animi. Jam de- 
mùm ad ipsam, quoe tantoperè est affectata, Rhetoricam. 
Quae, tanto inualescit potentius, quanto uiuidior est, 
atque fluentior. 30 
[At the end of the Pro«mium :] 
Duo maxima gratiosi ciuis ornamenta, Eloquentia, 
et Vrbanitas. Quoe nostri sunt Eutrapeli indiuiduoe 
Comites. Quis magis vrbanus ? Nemo tam elegans. 

Quintilian I 15 

Optima elocutio, quoe optim effert, atque exprimit 
animi cogitata ; intimaque sensa foelicissim aperit, ac 
[On VIII. cap. ii. 'Deperspicuitate':--] 
5 Excellit bac laude latinè Caesar" groecè Xenophon. 
Cœesar and 
Ambo prudentissimi viri ; ambo fortissimi duces : ambo x,opho,. 
elegantissimi scriptores, et sine vllis salebris fluentissimi. 
[On VIII. cap. iii. 'vis oratoris omnis in attgendo 
endoque" :] 
o Iphicrates dixit, Eloquentis esse, ex paruis magna, ex 
magnis parua reddere dicendo. 
[On IX. cap. iv. 'Monosyllaba continuata vitiosa':] 
syllables in 
The common fault of our Inglish. .,gi. 
[ib. 'si cadentia similiter & similit«r d«sinentia, &eodem 
15 modo dedin«ta, multa iungantur':] 
sumwhat ouermuch affectid of M. Ascham in owr 
affected by 
vulgare Tongue. 
Alijs poetis studeo" sed Homero incumbo. 
[On X. cap. i:--] .Sl 
o Juuat enim singulares Vtopiensium auctores recog- 
*Utopia " 
noscere. Poetas quidem, Aristophanem, Homerum, 
Euripidem, Sophoclem: et poeticum Lucianum. Histo- 
ricos vero, Thucydidem, Herodotum, Herodianum : et 
polyhistorem, Ethicumque Plutarchum. philosophos, 
  Platonem, Aristotelem, Theophrastum nec non Dioscori- 
dem pro Lexico. Medicos, Hippocratem, et Galenum 
in opusculis. Nec oratores legunt : nec iuris consultos : 
nec theologos. Mori vena. 
Euripides, poetarum sapientissimus : excepto tandem pa:us]4 
wisest of 
odiuino Bartasio. Euripides. qui nonnullis credebatur vo,: 
des and Du 
synchronis, ipse fuisse Socrates. Vsque adeo singula g.,n.,. 
videbantur sapientissima. Vt etiam hodie censentur, 
vel à prudentissimis Criticis. 

  6 Quintilian 

»so9(Kvii) Placet quidem Herodianus historicus: sed malo 
Harvey's judg- 
ment of Greek Thucydidem. Non aspernor Libanium rhetorem : sed 
prose writers. Demosthenem antepono. Delector Luciani dialogis : sed 
Platonis Xenophontisque magis afficior. Alios amo 
rhetores : sed Demosthenem medullitùs amplector, f 
[On Quintilian's mention of Hyperides, Lysias, 
Isocrates :m] 
Rhetoricians His etiam addi velim proeclarissimos Philostrati, et 
passed over by . 
Quintilian. Eunapii rhetores : proesertim smgulares illos Oratores, 
maxim omnium admirabiles. Nec ver6 Lucianum ex- ,o 
cludo, nec Julianum, nec Athenoeum. 
p. s** {zviii) Totius latinoe eloquentioe principes. Virgilius, Teren- 
tius, Cicero, Salustius.BAngelus Decembrius. 
[On Quintilian's remarks on Roman authors :--] 
,ngelus D- Huc etiam Angeli Decembrii in politia Literaria con-,  
¢embrius as a 
¢riti¢. similis ferè censura in eosdem poetas, oratores, historicos, 
philosphos. Ncc aliam in illos malim proefationem" ne 
Manutij quidcm, aut Melancthonis, aut Erasmi. 
p.l(ii) [On Quintilian's comparison of Cicero and Demos- 
thenes :B] zo 
i«-,, c-,n Huc etiam Carri nostri insignis prœefatio in Demos- 
thenis tres Olynthiacas» et quattuor Philippicas. cum 
exquisita Ciceronis, et illuminata syncrisi. Qua nihil 
ferè, in hoc ipso genere pulchrius legi, aut proeclarius. 
Tantus est Orator, Criticusque Carrus. z5 
Elogium M. Tullij singularc. Latinoe eloquentiœe 
exemplar adhuc incomparabile. 
p. 7 (t iii) Nunquis hac oetate floret uel orator, uel aduocatus, 
The great 
orators of an- uel aulicus concionator, uel politicus logodoedalus, vel 
tiquity, regius consiliarius, vel legatus, vel ullius denique facul- :3o 
tatis professor, his eloquentior eloquentissimis viris? 
Age vero, siquis tandem viuus Orator talis, is continu6 
audiendus, imitandus, œemulandus, atque ade6 super- 
andus quoquo modo. Sin nemo viua voce talis, mortuos 

Quintilian   7 

istos magis viuos magistros existimo, quàm tot viuos 
condiscipulos. Hisque contentus rarissimis mortuis, 
vulgares non curo viuos, seu actores, seu scriptores. 
Aut quoerendi meliores: aut alij nulli magnoper 
5 curandi. Qu6 plures vulgares, eo ad rem pauciores. 
Magnifica Euscopij resolutio. Sera quidem, sed seria. 
Nec multa valent, sed egregia. 
[On X. cap. il :--] 
Optimorum auctorum optinqa requiritur imitatio, 
oatque ade6 exertissima oemulatio. Sed astutè celata 
Non est, qu6d minora curet, aut leuiora accumulct, 
qui has omnes eloquendi virtutes, viuis coloribus effictas, 
opportunè expresserit : egregieque pro sua virili super- 
15 averit. Quem pulcherrimoe oemulationis spiritum, L. 
Valloe, paucisque excelsis animis feruidissimè inussit 
Fabius. Atque hic etiam, dimidium ferè plus toto. Nec 
ver6 numero auctorum, sed pondere operum constat 
eminentissimoe dignitatis perfectio. Pauci proecellentes ; 
zo meoe delitioe. Vt Achille isto proemunitus, magnifice 
gloriatur iactabundus Valla. 
NI r Ascham in his fine discourse of Imitation, sum- 
what too precise & scrupulous for Tullie onlie in all 
points. Wee hauing such excellent & daintie choice in 
z5 the Latin toung ; worthie to be regarded & resembled 
in fitting place. Especiall¢ Cesar mightie in acts, & 
stile; weightie & speedie Salust; pithie & pregnant 
Liuie; fine Velleius; ritch Valerius; deep Tacitus; 
sharp Seneca; gallant Portius; more gallant Quintilian; 
3o industrious Plinie ; worthie Celsus ; compendious Jus- 
tine; free Suetonius; trim & sweet Curtius; cunning 
Frontine ; braue Vegetius ; sage Boethus [sic] ; & who- 
soeuer deserue to be reputed of like worth, or of anie 
special note. As I esteem elegant Lactantius: pithie 

P- 59 (tiiii) 
Emulate the 
an¢ients as L. 
Valla did. 

1. 5 z3 (L 
Aschzm too 
exclusively a 

t t 8 Quintilian 

p. 5z6 - vii') 

p. 5z$ (Lviii") 
Study of 

with mere imi- 

p. 54z 

p. 608 (. i') 
Lying some- 
times justifia- 

Augustine : morall Gregorie ; sententious Cassiodorus ; 
quick Sidonius; & divers such. 
[On X. cap. iii :--] 
Vltrà posse, non est esse. M. Cheeks, and M. 
Aschams censure of Salust. 5 
Valetudo bona studijs necessaria. 
Valetudinis semper habendo ratio• 
[On X. cap. v.' neque . . semper est desperandum .. aliquid 
• . melius posse reperiri':--] 
hoc est, quod Erasmus tare soepe inculcat in Cicero- o 
niano, non similia, sed paria, aut etiam meliora. 
[On X. cap. vii :--] 
An extemporall Discourser uppon euery suddayn 
occasion, neuer unfurnished to pleade his owne, or his 
frendes Cause.  5 
An extemporal Discourser, allwaies sufficiently pro- 
uided to undertake ye Defence ofany marrer, apperteining 
his Prynce, his Lord, himselfe, or his frende. Neuer to 
seeke in any cause, or plea, that concernith him any ways. 
A man, is but A chyld to speake of, and a uery Cyphar in 2o 
comparison, untill he hath perfitly attaynid this faculty ; 
to be of proesent hability to maintayne, and iustify his 
owne, or his frendes Right. 
[End of Book X.] 
Gabriel Haruejus, Rhetoricus Professor Cantabrig. 25 
[On XII. cap. i. 'concedanl mibi otaries oportet. 
ficturum aliquando bonum virum ut men,tacium dicat. . 
ut in pueris egrotantibus' :--] 
Idem etiam uel Diuus Hieronymus agnosci h de 30 
Oflîcioso Mendacio scribens. 
pîrrov " MoOat 4oç, ¢/h+lOç adv. e Menandri 
Gnomicis. Satius est, sequi mendacium, quam, verum 
perniciosum. Vlisseum et Machiauellicum. 

Quintilian 119 

o [On XII. 
Tria { 

Est ubi acerrimè defendendus sit Dux bonus, licet P.6°9 
idem malus Ciuis, atque improbus vit. 
[On XII. cap. iii. 'Juris cognitionem diffcilem non esse . . . 
quw scripm sunt . . nullam habent diffcultatem':--] 
Hinc tanta Valloe fiducia in celerrimè perlegendo, R,pid 
maturimè intelligendo, expeditissimè disçendo, acerrimè L. Va.a. 
censendo, arque adeo peritissimè docendo, magnificeque 
exercendo Jus ciuile. In promptissima methodo, subtilis- 
sima analyse, proegnantissimaque praxe omne punctum. 
cap. x. ' De genere dicendi' :--] p. 6.! 
graue. Vlissis apud Homerum Iliad. v- vox 
magna: uerba, niuium instar hyemalium. 
humile. Menelai Iliad. «. 
mediocre Nestoris Homerici. lliad. «. 
suauiloquus Nestor, dulcis Pyliorum concio- 
nator" Cujus à lingua ruelle dulcior fluebat 
[On XII. cap. x :] p.e, 

Nihil Homero placet ne in fceminis quidem jllus- 
zo trioribus, nisi Heroicum. 
Placent lepida ; valent seria ; florent animosa et mag- 
nifica ingenia. Qualia ipsius Quintiliani, Valloe, Fortij, 
Lutheri, Smithi, Rami, talium perpaucorum. Huc etiam 
Ferdinandus Corduba, Agrippa, Morus, Paracelsus, 
zS Florauantus, Aretinus, Rabeloesius, Machiauellus, Gan- 
dinus, Cosmopolita, Bartasius. Nain Bembo, Sadoleto, 
Longolio, Osorio, Sturmio plus Latinœe phrasis, quàm 
Romani spiritus. 
[On the words' lsianum . . instinctis diuino spiritu vatibus 
o comparandum ' :] 
Huc omnes, psychagogi, pathopoei, Enthusiasta:, 
demagogi, Megalandri. Qualis mihi, Fortius: Neandro, 
Lutherus: mundo, Paracelsus. 

p. 6:t5 Harve 
living in a 
serious and 
Roman age. 

Th« divine m 
ncss of grcat 
mon such as 
Sforza, Luthe 

 20 uintilian 


Quin- p. 636 
tilin urges 
Cicero and 

Harve), care8 
only for the 
greatest minds. 

Aire at p. 637 
an unexampied 

p. 638 

p. 639 (printed 
Great men are 
vcry rare. 

Huc magnanimi Equitis, Humffcdi Gilberti heroicum 
emblema: Quid non ? Altera eiusdem Equitis generosa 
gnome: Turpiter desperatur, quicquid fieri potest. 
Quales pleroeque sententioe Fortianoe: nobiles, et prœe- 
ualidoe. Tam potentes, quàm solertes. Cure seriœe, 5 
tutu animosoe. 
Stylum quaero plus quàm Tullianum: animum firmo 
plus quàm Julianum- bona omnia exaggero conspicuè 
honesta, vtilia, jucunda. Aut non sum idoneus Fabij 
auditor, lpse sui temporis Phoenix. o 
Sola curo rarissima ingenia: in quibus Gueuara 
Hispanus : Vigenerus Gallus : Tassus Italus : Juellus 
Nemo vnquam nec Orator satis fuit Orator: nec 
philosophus satis philosophus: nec vllius facultatis '5 
professor, satis absolutus in sua classe pragmaticus: 
sentiat mundus qui vir sis: quàm flexanimus Orator: 
quàm peritus artifex: quàm profundus philosophus : 
quàm proegnans j ureconsultus: quàm mirabilis in mundo 
actor: vir denique quam singularis. ,o 
Tare tibi, quàm mihi. Qui optimè meretur, maximè 
potietur. Aemulationi incumbo: inuidiam sperno. 
Superet, qui non vult vinci. Ignaui est succumbere: 
cordati, superare. 
Quintilianus lectorem faciet, si non Oratorem absolutè 25 
optimum; at hominem proeclarè literatum ; aut scriptorem 
ingeniosè facund u m ; aut saltem virum egregiè cordatum. 
Alioqui indignum se Quintiliano proebebit auctore. 
Rarissimi in ulla professione Megalandri. Iique vel 
vnicè, vel maximè respiciendi: et suo iure omnibus 5o 
anteferendi, qui sunt omnium dignissimi. Ah, quando 
Chrysotechnus ille Megalander? Tf,il,r" 17rl«rp/voç h:¢.ll 
rrh,«oeeoç, oioç [sic] rdrrvm'«, ,orrol celiez, vtinam dictum, 
et ictum. 

Statim discitur, quicquid unicè studetur. Cit6 per- 
ficitur, quicquid fit singulari industria. Hoc agere, seriœe 
est prudentiœe: Ad Hoc, entelechia : ad cœetera, ironia. 
Quoties concinnanda est prosa, superandus, quantum v-64o Am.t 
the highest. 
S fieri potest, ipse Cicero. Quoties condendum est carmen, 
antecellendus ipse Virgilius. Quoties egregia est aliqua 
actio perpetranda, proestandus omni vigore, industria, 
velocitate, contentione ipse Coesar. Nihil meritis, aut 
dignitate suprà, quantumcunque honoribus, aut diuitijs 
o eminentius. Generosa Fabij, Valloe, Rodolphi, Fortij, 
talium perpaucorum Hypothesis. Cette ad secunda 
proeclariùs accedet, qui ad prima acerrimè aspirabit. 
Quicquid humanitùs acciderit, Eutrapelus semperv.4, 
Megalander. Hoc quoque maximè est oratorium : non 
 S modo optimè philosophicum. Hoc tene, quicquid contrà. 
Multi prœeclarè literati: perpaucis spiritus Quintiliani, v. 6,, 
aut Val|m- Taciti, aut Suetonij: Senecœe, aut Epicteti: 
Ambrosij, aut Gregorij Magni : &lexandri VI, aut J ulij Il: great 
Volsoei aut Cromuelli: Lutheri, aut Paracelsi: Fortij, aut 
2o Bartasi. • Aretini, aut Machiauelli • Gilberti, aut Draconis, 
famosissimorum terra, marique actorum: Inualescunt 
omnia, prout animantur. 
Il Cardinale Sedunense del Guicciardini, uehemente, Gui¢clardini. 
eflîcace, et gagliardo oratore. Gran po|itico, et brauo pra- 
2 matico. L.XII de|l' historia d' Italia. Con la quale valo- 
rosa e|oquenza, haueua sempre trapassato tutti gli altri. 
Sedunense, gagliardo e terribile Oratore, corne Vlisse: 
6 Giulio II- 6 piu oltra, procedendo nelle parole, et in 
tutte le cose, corne se fosse superiore à tutti: Un' 
3o valoroso politico, e brauissimo pramatico del mondo. 
Sine magna scientia, et ingenti virtute, nemo mega-v. 643 
lander. Summa enim scientia excelsiorem requirit spiri- "rhe get 
• -  must havegreat 
tutu- et viuaci virtute animata, intacte corroboratur. Nec knowledge and 
tali scientia, tantaque virtute quicquam exstat in ambitioso  great soul. 
mundo eminentius. 

Apply yourself 
to your on c end. 

 OE  Quintilian 

The most living 
souls among 
past and present 

Most p. 644 
great men have 
becn orators. 

p. 646 (printed 
546 ) 

Scnile decay. 

p. 65 s (printed 
The most indis- 
pensable authors. 

Tria viuidissima Britannorum ingenia, Chaucerus, 
Morus, Juellus: Quibus addo tres florentissimas indoles, 
Heiuodum, Sidneium, Spencerum. Qui quœerit illustri- 
ora Anglorum ingenia, inueniet obscuriora. Perpaucos 
excipio ; eorumque primos, Smithum, Aschamum, Vil- 5 
sonum; Diggesium, Blundeuilum, Hacluitum, mea 
Omnes ferè Megalandri, egregij erant vel natura, vel 
arte Oratores. Quales sub rege Henrico 8 ° Cardinalis 
Volsoeus : Prorex Cromuellus : Cancellarius, Morus : o 
pragmaticus, Gardinerus: quatuor heroici Consiliarij. 
Sub principe Edouardo 6'° dux Northumbrius : archie- 
piscopus Cranmerus; secretarius Smithus: Checus 
pœedagogus. Sub regina Elizabetha, Smithus Cineas; 
Cecilius Nestor; Baconus, Scoeuola; Essexius, Achilles. 5 
Quot aulici urbicique, Cicerones, et Virgilij : Columbi 
et Sfortiœe ? 
[On XII. cap. xi. ' Fidi ego summum Oratorem, Domitium 
ztfrum, vaAde senem quotidie a/iquid ex ea quam meruerat 
authoritate perdentem " :--] zo 
Doctor Busbyes wofull Replyinges at Commence- 
mentes. Prudentius ipse Quintilianus : qui honestissi- 
mure finem putavit: desinere, dura desideraretur. 
Quintilianus : Valla: Fortius : Bartasius. Smithus. 
Domenicus etiam, et Gandinus, mei indiuidui comites, zi 
Nec aulico Aretinus ; nec politico Machiauellus ; nec 
polyhistori Valerius, aut Egnatius: nec pragmatico 
Tacitus, aut Durandus, non penitissimè percallendi. 
Wilsons Rhetorique & Logique, the dailie bread of 
owr common pleaders, & discoursers. With his dialogue 30 
of usurie, fine, & pleasant. 
[After ' Finis" :] 
Gabriel Haruejus. Relegi ab jnitio: Mense Sep- 
tembri, Anno. 579- unàque Ciceronis Oratorem ad 

Quintilian  2 3 

M. Brutum, cure Quintiliani Oratore comparaui: et Harm, 
parcs Quintil- 
utrumque ità collatum, Ramoeis demum Rhetoricarum ianwlthCicero, 
scholarum ponderibus examinaui. Acutè quidem Ramus, ,ut,and tnlmus.COn- 
atque uerè artes distinguit: quas tamen oratorius, et 
5 forensis iste usus coniungit : nec veto Oratorem suum 
Cicero, et Quintilianus, vnius facultatis professorem, 
sed tanquam Artificum Artificem esse uoluêre : plurimis, 
maximisque Artibus; ijs proesertim, quarum summus 
esset in foro, inque ciuium causis perorandis vsus; 
io vndiquaque instructum, et armatum. 
A perfit Orator: A most excellent Pleader and singular "rb, an«ound 
equipment of a 
discourser in any Cvil Curt, or otherwyse ; hot A lerfectorator. 
bare Profess0r of any one certain faculty or A simple 
Artist in any one kynde : howbeit his principall Instru- 
i  mentes af Rhetorique, for Elocution and Pronunciation ; 
and Logique, for Invention, Disposition, and Memory. 
[On the ' Index' :] 
Cornelij Taciti Synchroni, nulla hîc mentio: credo, Quintilian 
slights Tacitus. 
zo Demosthenes, Oratorum Monarcha. 
Nullus scriptor, neValla quidem, Quinctiliano affinior Arter Quintil- 
Jan, Rudolphus 
vel materia, vel forma, vel fine, quam meus Rodolphus Ag,icola. 

de inuentione dialectica. Erg6 ad Rodolphum 
• 5 [At the end of' Index':] 
Extemporalis facultatis parandoe, continu- 
andaeque rationes 537- 
hastrumenta, et adminicula scité altercaqdi. 
30 Instructions for coqfuting ether ex tenpore, 
or otherwyse: especially ex rempote. 275 
Necessary directions for memory. 56 . pro- 
nunciation 65.57 *. cgomly Audacity, and 
currage. 6, 9. against ail ma*mer of diffi- 
3 deuce or despayr. 647. 5o &c. other 
naturall, and Artificiall helpes. 7- 645 &c. 


My Notes, agai*ast 
my Disputation at 
Audley end: in the 
Court: &c before 
I MyLordTreasurer 
My L. of Leycester 
&c in the Queenes 
hearing &c [Last 
words added later.] 

for his disputa- 
tion at Audl¢y 
End july 



The Acadcmy 
at Fiorence. 

 OE 4 Xenophon 

Concitandorum affcctuum efficacissimus, et uiolentis- 
simus modus 3  2. 
Ornandoe, illustrandoeque orationis ratio 399- Orato- 
rius apparatus. Amplificandoe, et exaggerandoe senten- 
tioe artificium 305. 45. 
Vnico Aretino in Italian, singular for rare and hyper- 
bolical Amplifications. He is a simple Orator, that cannot 
mount as hyghe, as the quality, or quantity ofhis matter 
requireth. Vaine, and phantasticall Amplifications argue 
an jdle, or maddconceytid brayne : but when the uery o 
Maiesty, or dignity of the matter itself, will indeed bare 
owt A stately, and haut), style; there is no such tryall 
of A gallant Discourser, and right Orator. 
Allwayes An especiall regard to be had of Decorum ; 
as well jn oratjons, and all manner of parlyes, as jn,s 
other Actions. 
The Academyj n Florence, A braue Theater ofdomes- 
tical eloquence. Will. Thomas. 

Title page 
Last page 
Plutarch and 

Other favorite 
Grcek writers. 


Xenopbontis philosophi et historici clarissimi opcra . . 
in latinam linguam conuersa. Basile,e I545 8 ° 


I57 o. Gabrielis Harueij Scientia, et virtute G H 
Antè, et post Plutarchum, meorum alterum radian- 
tium oculorum. Ab Aristotele, et Platone, nunquam 
absint Plutarchus, et Xenophon : Plinius, et Seneca. 
Nec Halicarnasseo vnquam carere velim, aut Athenoeo: 
nec Epicteto, aut Antonino Imp. philosopho. Permul- 
tùm etiam Tzetze, et ./Eliano delector, et vtroque Dione, 
et vtroque Philostrato, et Eunapio, et suo Juliano, et 
Polyoeno, et interdum Luciano, 
meissimo Isocrate, Attica Sirene. 

et meo /Esopo, et 3o 
Sed suo quemque 

Sïmlerus I OE 5 

tempore amplector. Nunc uer6 Musam Atticam Xeno- 
phontem: mox Plutarchum, auream huius oestatis 
messem, et nectareoe ambrosioeque copioe Jouiale cornu. 
Hoc age, hoc vnic: Lege qu0tidiè, quantum potes, 
5 alacerrim : viuida analysi penitùs excutito singula : sed 
heus Socratico more, mente, non penna: desine scriptu- 
rire, et seri6 cogita quod res est, scriptitandi istud vulgare 
cac0ethes, ipsum esse pretiosi temporis prodigum filium. 
Sat prooemij. Jam Xenophontem ipsum, inaffectata 
o eloquentia quasi sua sponte fluentem, attentissime audi- 
amus. Me auidum Leo ccelestis facit: sitibundum 
Sirius : feruidum Sol. 
Gabriel Haruejus : Valdini: I.ç76 
fauentibus Etesijs. 
5 In scientia, et virtute omnis spes. 
Coesaris ipsius axioma. 
Mille alioe in mundo nugoe: rarum hoc in republica 

Read but do 
hOt itch to 


2o Epitome Bibliothec,e Conradi Gesneri.. per Iosiam 
Simlerwn 7ïgvrinum 7ïguri apud Christophorum 
Froscboverum, mense Martio anno MD Ll. fol 

Gabrielis Harueij. Title page. 
Magna adhuc opus est Gesneri bibliotheca" proeser-Acte the 
25 tim ad argumenta variorum auctorum, et censuras. 
Quœe magni sunt momenti in classicis, multisque alijs Vac of thls 
Bi bliography. 
scriptoribus, considerat, ut refert, et vtiliter perlegendis. 
Cert cuique philologo valdè expedit, in promptu habere 
succincta argumenta, et sagaces censuras insignis cuius- 
30 que auctoris : proesertim classici, aut in sua professione 
eminentis. Quœe potissima est hodierni Critici facultas, 
et multiscij discursoris summa professio. Tanti valet, 

1 2 6 Simlerus 

A choice tobe 
ruade among 

p. 7 I 

Ever), 182 v 
book ma), have 
its use. 

prœegnantem esse summistam acremque Censorem. Sed 
heus tu, pro Hesiodi partitione ego : rrMo,, 'ïm«" rr,h,roç: 
et ex omnibus seligenda optima ; ex singulis aptissima ; 
ex optimis aptissimisque ipsis actuosissima ; aut siqui- 
dem malis, quod meâ apprime refert, efficacissima. Nec 5 
enim friuola conferunt, aut ociosa ; sed vtilia conducunt 
atque momentosa. Hoc ego delectu Bibliothecam istam 
curiose excusserim, serioque expenderim. Nec ver6 
ullum neglexerim in agendo conducibilem, rebusque, 
ipsis accomodatum, seu veterem seu nouum, seu inter- ,o 
medium scriptorem. Proecipua autem, ac peculiaris de 
illis est libris adhibenda cura, qui maximè operantur, et 
huic industrioe, oetati, in omni experimentorum genere, 
periculum facienti, commodissim, dexterrimèque inser- 
uiunt. Qualia non tare multa exstant, quam multùm *g 
fertilia opera; de industria carptim eligenda. Valeant 
vulgaria, et tot inania ; rara potissimùm, et proepotentia 
invalescant. Hoc lege quod possis dicere Jure, Meum est. 
,od «i rr/,,rr ; Socraticoe sapientioe summa. Elrrpfa 
"rrq,f«c p«rd. In arte, et virtute omnia, zo 
gabriel Haruejus. I584. 
[On ' H. C. Agrippa' :] 
Et hoec omnia legi, et plura Agrippoe habeo ; septem- 
que in primis Epistolarum libros, et nonnulla Epigram- 
mata. 2 g 
Plerique istorum, salua artis, et virtutis, dignitate 
relegari possunt ad Epistolas obscurorum virorum. 
Verumtamen proprlus est cuique in sua classe locus, et 
vsus. Nonnunquam etiam polyhistori, aut philologo 
opus est ijs, fortasse maximè, quoe minime putares. 3o 
Onus non est, quod aliquando est opus. Et paruorum 
interdum magnus est vsus, tare scriptorum, quàm 
instrumentorum. Me refert, vt amicis, sic scriptoribus, 
cure omnibus ad gratificandum communiter vti, tutu 

 ugge, us t 2 7 

singulis ad opitulandum propri frui. Certe Oecono- 
mioe biblicœe singularis est vsus, et incredibilis quandoque v,t,e of 
apparatus. Valde etiam conducit, Constantini Nomen- 
clatorem insignium scriptorum opportunè attrectare [?]. 
Eademque methodo alias tractare omne genus auctores, 
in suas cuiusque classes seriatim distributos Vt nec 
aliquid proestantium scriptorum desyderetur, vel anti- 
quorum, vel recentium : et insigne illud dimidium plus 
toto accurato tandem iuditio seligatur, ad vsum humani 
,ogeneris efficacissimum, proesertim hodierni mundi. 
Interim verb rb rapbv « rottîv æ meum semper consi- 
lium, et quotidiana praxis. 
An hîc omnes libri ab orbe condito, et singuli omnium 
temporum scriptores ? Vtinam ver& Opus sanè operum, BiBliography 
after ail 
et immensoe Lucubrationis, Pandectre, infinitœeque copire incomplete. 
amaltheion. At multos ego libros legi, et manuscriptos, 
et typis editos, variosque scriptorcs peruolvi, nonnullos 
etiam memorabiles, de quibus hîc ne gry quidem. 
Hiccine catholicus Index omnium hactenùs scrip- 
zotorum. Vt nullo sit hodi opus pleniori librario? 
Viderint Neocritici" ego scio multa desyderari vtilia, 
nonnulla insignia. 
[On 'Ascamus, Rogerus' :] 
Noster Isocrates. v.. Ascham. 


Htmc.LUS (J. J. Hue.c) 
De Semioti«e medidme parte tractatus. . Ioanne Iacobo 
Huggelio . . . lutbore. Basileae MDLX. 


Ifthe disease be hott,& drie, vse remedies cold,& moist. .,k of Title. 
Treatmett of 
If hot & moist, vse cold, & drie. dis«ase. 
If cold & moist, vse hott, & drie. 
lf cold & drie, vse hott, & moist. The best instruc- 
tions in 

1 2 8 1-1uggettus 

Dcfectof p. l 
modern writers 
on Medicine. 

The P. 3 
Mcdical Art 
the handmaid 
of Nature. 

his boosum-booke: sumtime his Vade mecum. But 
nothing comparable to Bruels theorique, & empirique 
practis of physique. 
Noui isti scriptores, proesertim Germani, vald sunt 
superficiarij : et aliquid habent in genere, sed non satis 5 
in specie: compendiosi magis, quàm subtiles" Quales 
multorum philologorum, polyhistorum, discursorum, 
sciolorum denique in gencralibus excessus, in speciali- 
bus defcctus. Vnius diei lcctio: altcrius meditatio; 
multorum repetitio, to 
Ars imitatur Naturam : quoe non errat, non coacta; 
nihil facit frustra; ordine procedit ; consentanea asso- 
cians, dissentanea excommunicans ; vt in Sympathia, et 
Antipathia. Amputanda, quoe supersunt : supplenda, 
quoe desunt : corrigenda, quoe nocent, aut errant. Pro- 5 
uidet sibi Natura : et signis annuit, quoe corrigi, aut 
proecaueri vult. Optima sui intcrpres, Natura ; Physio- 
gnomicam scholam in suis omnibus operibus aperit; 
et in hominum, rerumque faciebus perpetua imprimit 
Prognostica. Verbum sapienti sat: signum scienti, zo 
I ntelligentibus loquitur Natura, non ignorantibus: quos 
solos Scientia habet inimicos. Vt Naturoe Genesis 
artificiosa est: sic Artis Analysis esse debet naturalis ; 
et acutissimo Argumenti Jngenio, solidissimoque Syl- 
logismi Judicio procedere in singvlis. Ne me cures, vt ai 
bubulcum, aut fossorem : sed priùs causam aperi : aiebat 
medico suo Aristoteles. Philosophus quoerit g,;r: et 
signa significant, bona quidem bonos euentus; mala 
malos. Saltem verb, Et quoe non prosunt singula, multa 
iuuant; Et quoe non obsunt singula, multa nocent. 30 
Lict vni testi non credatur ; duo, tresue plenam faciunt 
fidem: vbi deponunt, non quidem de credulitate, sed 
de scientia. Adiunctorum ea rides. 


Quicquid alij confutent temerè : Cardanus profitetur v. iz 
Diagnosis by 
se reperisse ipsam subtilitatem subtilitatis Medicoe, in the puhe and 
exquisitis Judicijs Vrinarum, et Pulsuum" atque indè h«,.i« 
admiranda et proedixisse, et perfecisse. 

5 ç Meum Judiciuln, post multiplicem Lectionem : 
 } substantia. 
Urina detegit Materiam morbi Colore. 
Loum vero, et Formam, seu accidentia, Contentis. 
Unde triplex morborum cognitio. 
lo Gabriel Haruejus 1584 
The right making of ptisana, or barlie water. 
I. Take full growne barlie, that is heauie, & hOt 
withered : take also cleere running water, that hath his 
cours toward the East; whose grownd is stonie, or 
15 sandie. Of this water take X partes, & of the barlie 
one part: putt them togither into a cleene pot, make 
a slowe tire vnder it of wood, twelue howres long, till 
the water is coulored of the barlie yellow red, like to 
bier ; after that take it of, & let it coole, & vse it. 
o A good barlie water for ail diseases ofthe Lightes, & 
manie other diseases. 
Take half a pound of faire barlie : a gallon of water : 
halle an ounce of Licorise : fenel seede, violets, parselie 
seed, of etch a quarter of an ounce : red roses a quarter 
25 of an ounce : drie Isop, & sauge ofetch a pennie weight ; 
sixe leaues of hartestoung ; of figges, or raisins a quarter 
of an ounce. Seeth all these in a newe pott, that the 
water be sodden away two finger bredth: & sett the 
pot in coIde water, & then straine the cleere from it, & 
3o drinke it. This is a special barlie water, that cooleth the 
liuer, & all the members : driueth away ail euill heate, 
sIaketh thirst, causeth to cast owt much, purgeth the 
lightes, the spleine, the kidneys, & the bladder: & 

At end. 
Recipes for 
ptisana or 


Medical value 
of ptisana. 

causeth to make water well, & is specially good for ail 
agues, that cumme of heatte. 
Ptisana, or barlie water is commended of all physi- 
cians: & is a soueraine medicine against ail cholerick 
& subtile heate: it openith the opilation or stopping: 
it mooueth sweates & Vrine: it mollifieth the bellie 
bownde with hard filth: it causeth sleepe, & alayeth 
thirst : it doth also partly nurrish : it is conuenient for 
ail partes of the brest, & the lightes. Ptisana is taken 
sumtime warme to cause sweat : sumtime colde, to alay 
thirst : sumtime with suger, sumtime withowt ; sum- 
time much, sumtime Litt]e. The ministration therof at 
one time is a cruse full, that is, 4 ounces : howbeit it 
must be ministred to an emptie stomack ; or at least hOt 
ouercharged. It is sumtime taken bie day ofthe thirstie 
diseased: & is conuenient in feruent agues & manie 
other diseases. Transcribed owt of the most excellent 
Treatise of homelie physique for all the diseases of the 
boddie : annexed to Turners first Herbal. 

Long life of 


/1 most excellent and pefecte homish apotbecare 
Translated out tbe /lhnaine specbe by Jbon Hollvbusch. 
Impriltted at Collen 15 61 

Hœec est methodus, et praxis Hieronymi Brunsuichi, 
quondam celeberrimi [hole in the paper] et pharmacopoei z  
Argentinensis. Qui suam ipsius valetudinem ita sus- 
tentauit, vt eam ad annum vsque oetatis CX illoesam 
protraheret ; tandemque nulla alia lesitudine aut infir- 
mitate proeterquam senectute, placidissimam mortem 
obiret. Vsque ade6 cauta rerum omnium obseruatione 30 
memorabilia illa prœecepta, diuinitùs mandata, tenuerat : 
philosophe, nosce teipsum. Et, Medice cura teipsum. 

Braunscbweig 13  

Id quod non magis erat Asclepiadeum olim tv,v,;«,vov, 
quàm Brunsuichium non ità pridem elogium. Vtrius- 
que singulare monumentum : vt etiam Hippocratis, et 
Galeni. Quorum longoeva vita, gloriosum erat suoe 
 magnificoe professionis corollarium. Nec alio est opus 
marmoreo aut adamantino monimento. Multa Paracelsi 
experimenta longoeva: et erat ille vir sagacissimus 
naturoe, artisque secretarius : ipsius autem vita breuicula. 
Nec tam annis vigebat, quàm arcanis. 
,o Pragmatici Medici, et empirici pharmacopoei aphoris- 
tica methodus, et praxis, proegnans adhuc ira Germania 
medicina: cure Paracelsicis aliquot experimentis, et 
arcanis, tam Chymico, quàm pharmaceutico artificio 
i Huc etiam secreta therapeutica Veccheri; Alexij, 
Mizaldi, Lemnij, Florauanti Portoe, Luptoni ; Bruelis 
etiam, Heurnij, Louei; Matthioli, Villanouani, Petri 
Hispani; Euonymi, id est, Gesneri ; 
Ecce saluberrimum illud, et preciosum medicamen- 
zo tutu, quo Hieronymus iste Brunsuichus suam tot annos 
vitam produxit : ut est a Ranzouio ,rt«T,,:,ç descriptum 
libro recens edito de conseruanda valetudine; c. z7- 
vbi alia etiam nonnulla id genus vitalia electuaria, et 
vina sublimata. In quo genere gloriatur Florauantus, 
Ausus est etiam Hieronymus Brunsuig librum scri- 
bere de destillationibus herbarum, radicum, florum, 
seminum, fructuum et animalium: excusum Franco- 
forti, I .5 I. Vt est apud Gesnerum in Bibliotheca. Vel 
o rarus destillandi artifex, vel post Paracelsum satis audax. 
Nana post eum Matthiolus, Veccherus, Florauantus, tot 
recentiores pragmatici, et empirici pharmacopoei. 
Hinc probabiliter potest iudicari, quantus fuerit 
medicus, chirurgus, pharmacopoeus, destillandi etiam 

Earl¥ death 


elixir of life. 

book on 

 3 OE Braunschweig 

This book 
to Harvey by 
Brown, M.D., 
of Pembroke 
Hall, as an 
to the Greek 
medical writers 

N. Myrepsus. 

artifex, Hieronymus iste Brunsuig. Nec temer hic 
mihi practicus liber commendatus a sagacissimo Medi- 
cinoe doctore, Lanceloto Brouno fuit : cul iamtum auloe 
Pembrochianoe medico succedebam in proprio illius 
professionis sodalitio. Cure enim Mensœe philosophicoe 5 
peritissimum me sensisset : et Plinij, Celsique perstudio- 
sum cogn6sset, nec non Columbi et Cardani ; tandemque 
me potiùs quàm alium ullum collegam in suum locum 
cooptari voluisset discedens: Age, inquit, hanc Brunsuigi 
familiarem practicam, quam amoris mei pignus esse o 
volui, quanprimùm ediscito quasi ad unguem; cure 
prazgnantibus etiam Matthioli, et Petri Hispani, anti- 
dotarijs, eadem fere methodo compositis ,r 
Sed heus, exquisito optimorum remediorum delectu, 
aut aptissimorum in hypothesi. Nam vnum soepè instar '5 
decem : et decem plus quàm centum. 
Hi tanquam prodromi, proesertim cum Vecchero et 
Fernelio, inquit Brounus; tandem ctiam cum Bruele, 
Heurnio et Florauanto, quos nondum ille attigerat : 
apertissimum aditum patefaciunt ad Graecorum medi-zo 
corum signiferos, Galenum, Aeginetam,/Etium, Oriba- 
sium, Dioscoridem : Trallianum etiam iatrosophistam, 
et Polybum, et Dioclem, et tales nonnullos: omniumque 
facilè principem Hippocratem : ne ipso quidem excepto 
Hermete Trismegisto, iatromathematico. Nicolaum z5 
Myrepsum, componendorum medicamentorum magnum 
artificem, iam diu fecdre oflîcinoe famosissimum vbique 
vrbium et oppidorum pharmacopoeum : [unfinished]. 



M. Tullii Ciceronis Epistolae ad/ltticum . . cure correc- 
tionibus Pauli Manutii. /lldus Venetiis, MDLXIII. 
Title page. 
Epistoloe ha: pleroeque omnes maxima parte politicoe : a'he Epistl« 
5 et quotidianoe uitoe, communibusque hominum consilijs, practical use. 
arque rerum euentibus perquam accommodatoe. 
Gabrjelis Harueij. 
Arte, et virtute. 'Er 
Istas ad Atticum epistolas, plerunque Atticas, soepè 
Harvcy values 
,o Laconicas, semper Romanas, id est, serias, et ad rem ; thym more 
now than 
pluris iam paul6 maturior facio, et propter singularem ormem» 
stili elegantiam; et propter summam consilij pruden- 
tiam ; et propter maximam acerrimi iam tum mundi 
experientiam ; et propter pragmaticas passim cautelas, 
* 5 arque technas; et propter leporem, suavitatemque ubique 
renidescentem ; et propter Groeca denique cum Latinis 
frequentissimè coniuncta, ad contrahendam vtriusque 
linguoe indiuiduam facultatem. Taceo interim tot inge- 
niosas ironias, astysmos, argutias, oenigmata, griphos 
zopropè inexplicabiles, certè admodùm acutos, ac pun- 
gentes. Quo in aculeato genere soepè excellit hic noster ; 
prœesertim in his Atticis Epistolis, suarum commenta- 
tionum acerrimis. 
De Cœesare, et Pompeio, passim plurima. "rhe 
ing of Coesar 
zS Coesar pro sua ipsius potentia : Pompeius pro Repub- a,« eompe, 
seen in these 
lica. Uterque pro gloria : maiori personarum ambitione, 
quàm causarum oequitate. Nam vtrobique 
«ïrtov. Politicus vtriusque partis Elenchus, et sophisticum 
aspirantium Ducum stratagema. Et Ciceroni, et Attico, 
3o et ploerisque omnibus Romanis ciuibus admodùm pro- 
fuisset Dionis fi't«'«. Nec ver6 tanti ullum Ciceronis, 
Atticive consilium in maturimis consultationibus suis. 
Epistoloe valdè politicoe, in primisque pragmaticoe, nec 

 3 4 Cicero 

Harvcy a 

p. 34 t 
favorite Epistle. 

p. 388 
The book read 
again at Trinity 

Greek words in 

Praise of the 

vero aliquid Ciceronis, tanti in Republica momenti. Pro 
eleganti, et subtili forma, Atticœe: pro amplissima, ac 
sublimi materia Hyperatticœe. Certè meœe tandem delitiœe: 
nec aliquid in isto deliberatiuo genere pretiosius. 
Roma, orbis domina, iam tutu iv ,i:m. Tare atticis- 5 
mus, quàm politismus in flore, et fructu. Nihil vel 
ingenij proegnantius, vel fortitudinis proepotentius ullo 
œeuo ab orbe condito. Tanti sunt vigoris, atque ade6 
maiestatis hoe lectiones--Julianoe dicam, an Tullianœe ? 
Nam Pompeianoe non placent, tare Cœesariano in re mili- !o 
tari, et ciuili, quàm Ciceroniano in re oratoria, et forensi. 
Deserat se Pompeius, et pereat victus. Sibi constet 
Coesar, et victor triumphet. Omnes in Coesare Manes. 
[Against the Epistohrum ad Q. Fratrem Lib. I. Ep. I.] 
Omnium Ciceronis epistolarum, vt mea quidem fert 5 
opinio, hoec vna et eloquentissima, et sapientissima est. 
[At end of Ep. ad Q. Fratrem Lib. III.] 
Relegi has politicas, pragmaticasque epistolas in aula 
Trinitatis, multo, quàm unquam antè, accuratius: et 
planè, ut Liuij verbo utar, deliberabundus. Mense zo 
Julio, sole in Leonis corde flagranti. 582. Gabriel 
Harueius, auloe Justinianœe socius. 
[On the list of lérba Graeca Latinis eapressa :--] 
Atticoe eloquentioe quasi stelluloe quœedam passim 
interspersœe, meœe adhuc delitiolœe, prœesertim apudz5 
Attica ingenia. 
Eutrapeli dactilotheca Attica. digna aurearum aliquot 
horarum analysi adamantinfi, vt sunt ploeraque Attica, et 
Laconica, affatim adamantina, Ô singularis Eloquentia, ô 
insignis Lepos, ô incredibilis prudentia, ô magnanimitas :30 
admirabilis, ô omnis ars, virtusque egregiè memorabilis. 
Interim ista Attica quàm exquisita, lauta, pulchra, suauia ? 
Nusquam nitidior, d ulcior, maturiorque Atticism us quàm 
in istis Atticis ad Atticum Epistolis. Meoe delitiœe, magis 
adhuc, magisque concoquendoe. :35 

Cicero 13 5 

Grœeca cum Latinis coniuncta, cuique literato Acade- 
mico vtilissima: et vtriusque orationis facultas, perneces- 
saria. Nec ulla magis oetate, quàm bac nostra: in qua 
tot pueri, et omne genus scioli, passim iactabundi 
5 Groeculi. 
Quantus Haddoni pudor, tantum Oratorem, eundem- 
que Osorij non modo oemulum sed etiam antagonistam, 
et Censorem, has Ciceronis sui ad Atticum planè Atti- 
cissimas Epistolas non potuisse legere ? 
z o [Harvey divided this Greek-Latin glossary into portions 
for daily reading.] 
[On second page :w] prima hîc latina simul, et grleca 
lectiuncula, dies 9. 
[After glossary to Lib. III :--] 2  latina groecaque 
15 lectiuncula, dies 
[After Lib. V:--] 3" lectiuncula, dies . 
[Beginning of Lib. Vil :--] 4  lectiuncula Valdin- 
ensis, dies 
[Beginning ofLib. X :--] 5  lectiuncula Attica. dies . 
zo [Beginning of Lib. XIV:w] 6  lectiuncula Attica. 
dies ç. 
[Before beginning of Lib. I. a,t Brutum:] 7 " hic 
Attica lectiuncula, festum . 
Sunt etiam in familiaribus Ciceronis Epistolis Graecoe 
25 aliquot Elegantioe, et tanquam Attica emblemata bellè 
intertexta. Quoe mea iam 8  est philogroeca lectiuncula, 
soepiùs in bac Tusculana vacatione repetenda. Nihil 
meorum hic librorum vel iucundius, vel honestius, vel 
denique artificiosis meis studijs commodius. Quanquam 
3o animosas Fortij sententias libentissimè annecto : vtrique 
linguoe peropportunas: et aurea proestantissimoe Artis, 
Virtutisque calcaria, ut nihil supra. Quoe meoe est instar 
9  in his non inertibus ferijs lectiunculoe. Nec tanti puto 
A. Gellij noctes Atticas, quanti meas istas censeo dies 

llecessity of a 
knowlede of 

W. Haddon's 
sgnorance of 

The glossary 
dividcd into 
portions for 
daily reading. 

Letters of 

1 3 6 Erasmus 

Atticas. Non multa: sed multum. Et quidem ,p\,) 
;jla,n, rr «vrbç. 
Fortij gnomoe Atticoe et Hyperatticoe : cum Ciceronis 
Atticis paradoxis mea vnius propoedia Attica. 
Eccè tandem Appollonij Tyanei, magni illius thauma- 5 
turgi Epistoloe Atticoe, et adamantinoe. Ne Lacolfismus 
quidem par. Hoec demùm linguoe Graecoe ars quoedam 
mirabilis; solis detectoe ingenijs Atticis. 

Title page 

Ail the book 
hot equally 

Flattery. p. 5 

Du Bartas. 

p. 24- 

p. 3 2 


Parabol, e, sive Similia Des. Erasmi Roterodami 
Basilew, MDLXI/-. 


quas ipse profitetur esse exquisitas gemmas. 
À quibus nihil boni spero, quià nolunt : ab ijs nihil 
mail metuo, quià non possunt. 
Gabriel Haruejus. mense Januario 1566.  5 
Vel Arte, vel Marte. 
[On Erasmus :--] 
Cui nec Ingelfium acre defuit : nec Judicium serium : 
Sed tamen proprio Judicio, eligenda aptissima, et eflîca- 
cissima, nec semper Plutarchus Fortis, aut Prudens: zo 
nec semper Plinius fidus, aut operœepreciosus. Seligenda, 
quœe valent: vt Cœesar lectis militibus confidebat: et 
J udicio gerebat omnia. 
Mineradoro. Comede Solem: et Hoc Age. 
Octaua mundi Scientia. Visibilis Adulatio, abiecta, et z 
indigna generoso : Inuisibilis, perita et apta pragmaticis. 
Bartasius ingenuè, et peritè laudat Pibracum; in 
Triumpho Fidei. 
magistratus ostendit virum. 
statim ad punctum, ye quintessence. 30 
the glosse oftentymes marreth the Text. 

Erasmus 13 7 

[On' Nain [fwneratores] statim petunt ; & ponentes tollunt; .  
& foenerant, quodpro fa'nore accipiunt':] 
y frutefull Trees of Guiana. 
Vbi vlcus, ibi manus : 
5 vbi amor, ibi oculus. 
[On ' Qui in lutum iuciderit, eum oportet aut fugere, aut P. 34 
manere : nain si se uoluat, magis etiam inquinatur: Sic 
qui rem habet cum fwneratoribus':--] 
Hoc scio pro certo. 
,o giue me entrance, & lett me alone. 
An inch, an ell: an ounce, a pow,,d . 
the head, the whole boddy. 
Principium, dimidium Totius: et Dimidium plus Toto. 
giue me footing, & I will finde elbow roome. 
' s [On 'Qui corpus wgre affectum ad balneas, ac uoluptates 
trahit; quasi putrem, ac laceram nauem deducit in 
Doctor Wathes new marriage. D,. Wath. 
[On' stultis magnifica fortuna iniucunda, sapientibus humilis v. 4s 
o ac tenuis fortuna suauis':] 
You knowe, who vsed to write: Vnhappy Philip. Lofe S.,,» 
Dic ad ipsam rem : dic ad ipsum hominem. 
Un raro assai piu, che Cento mediocri. .74 
I cannot lyue with thankes, v.8= 
as [On 'Seruus interrogatus quid ageret dominus : cure adsint, . 8s 
inquit bona, quwrit mala ':] 
Vnhappie Philip. Lord 
y° new French politique discourses of Vocation: & 
y Spanish Examen de Ingenios. 
Aretinesinfinite Minerai oflnuention&Amplification. P. 89 aretine. 
In lauto, et dulci animo, omnia dulcia. 
Adde Plutarcho Homerum : Homero Virgilium : 
Virgilio Bartasium: et habes egregium magisterium. D .,-. 
Nihil suprà. 


P-35 Onlygive 
m a starl. 

 3 8 Erasmus 

.rno. Pestilcns Ironia. magœe laudant arbores, animalia, 
pueros, puellas : eademque necant occultè. 
e-99 [On 'philosophie pr, ecepta nota sunt omnibus : id uero quod 
in ea est optimum, latet':m] 
Secret wisdom. Optima latent.. Cabalistica. 5 
p. ll 0 [011 'sacerdotes ob turbam minoris sunt, magno in precio futuri, 
si singul, e ciuitates singulos baberent sacerdotes vt olim' :] 
Cartwright. Cartwright's position. 
æ.,,z bonus seruus, perpetuus asinus, honores mutant 
mores. 1 o 
e.,,4 nihil Coesare in pace clementius: in bello immanius. 
"rr,e e.,,6 Splendida, et faciliOratione, nihilgratiosius : affectata, 
et curiosa, nihil putidius. Dulcissima Eloquentia fluit 
facillimè : nec nimium habet mellis nec parure Salis. 
v.',s [MS. heading to page.] 1 
Pedants. Against those, that go abowte to make shewe of ail 
yer lerninge atonce. Omnigatherum. 
[On 'quidam ostentatores orationem parure eruditam uideri 
credunt, nid [all possible authors] commiscuerint... ':] 
Plutarch, Plutarchista:, Gueuarista:. zo 
He is a simple Coniurer, that cannot fortify himself 
within his Circle. 

p. 124 

A foe's words 
to be ignored. 

gratia magnatum nescit habere stature. 
Scabbida facta pecus totum deperdit ouile. 
as good neuer a whit, as neuer the better. 
Erasmus, & Dr. Perne will teach a man to Temporise 
& Localise at occasion. 
[On ' nonnulli ad regis omnes nutus obsecundant':--] 
Jumpe with K. Harry. 
spoken bie an enimie, hot spoken: 
aduersarie, hOt written. 

written bie an 30 


. ,s [On 'nihil magis cauendum, quam blandus hostis':] 
Alexander y nOW prince of Parma, in ye Low Countries. 
Far.e,« [aftcr written] a fine politician in braue exploits. 

Erasmus  39 

[On 'sic principum attl, e babent nescio quia blandum, quodP. 
inuitet in perniciem ":] 
Ironia Aulica. 
[On 'quosdam nihil queas dictis lw&re ":] 
S Todos es nada. 
[On non oportet hominem ubiuis eund«m esse, sed cure 
ac tempore uariari':] 
Dr. Perne. D,. Pcrnc. 
[On ' adulator laundo perdit':] r., 6 
,o The Catt playeth w t'' y Mowse. 
Singuloe Bestioe, sui Medici. Autotherapeutoe. Medice 
The beasts 
cura Teipsum. et 
Thc Dog, his own physitian, with his vomit: His 
own Surgeon, with his tounge. 
*S Coesar Borgia, aspis acutus. 
[On 'quidam ad solum qu,estum suum sapiunt, alibi pécud«s 
Tom Turner. Sclf-intercst. 
[On 'cure res exigiçvertcndi sunt in diuersum mores':] 
zo Erasmus & Per»e. Time-setvets. 
[On 'Cocç, x oua subdit in nidis ,,a«,,is':--] 
Inde fortasse nomen, Coockouldes. 
Panurge, a cuccu. 
[On 'qui ueris virt«tibus aut literis est prwditus, minus 
a s ostentat se, quam qui secus':] 
S  Thom. Smyth A bladder, full of Branes. Sir . Smith. 
[On 'acanthis minima auicula &o&nos pariatpullos':] 
Little Tytt, ail Tayle. 
[On ' Morus nouissima omnium germinat et tamcn parit inter . ,s7 
o primas ":] 
quasi a mora nomen traheret. Etymolog of 
 motl$  {ml- 
[later] aut reuer, quasi stulta ¢«V a,,rtO«,,,. A shrewd 
Lay your cares in a narrow roome: M " Strachie p.,ss 
Mrs. Strachey. 
S to her husband. 

140 Erasmus 

Art or p. 1S9 
Nature ? 
Thcbest p. 16o 
sort of year. 

Ars, certior dux quam Natura. A disputable Question. 
It is euer merriest at ye yeares ende, 
When euery moonthe followith his kynde. 
rustica gens est optima tiens, et pessima gaudens. 

p. 161 [On 'dura blanditur, strangulat':m] 5 
A «eady iro,» Ironia perniciosa. 
spri,g p. 163 yC sprynge, & the fall of yC leafe, ye twoe most 
and autumn. 
daungerous partes of y yeare. 
P" 164 [O11 'illud apud iuris male consulIos « uel dic" toties re- 
petitum':m] o 
Dr. Fuike. D. Fulk. A cumpany of desperate Dics. 
Cheese. p. 167 Caseus est nequam, quia digerit omnia, Se quàm. 
poco fa, chi à se non gioua. 
Guevara p.68 Guevara: Vir bonus in Aula, est veluti Nucleus in 
on a good man 
at Court. Cortice : medulla in osse : margarita in concha : rosa in 15 
Value of Ail excellent, & most necessarie Storehowse, for ail 
'Paraboloe'. Discourses, written or spoken. Multa paucis: et Cornu 
Copioe, ad omnes Theses, et hypotheses. Nemo, quem 
sciam, hoec paucissima habet in promptu; omnium zo 
Causarum proegnantissima lnstrumenta. Vix unius diei 
opus; ad rot vsus dicendi, agendique conspicuos, et 
Multoe hîc prudentes, proegnantesque Sententioe; instar 
Aphorismorum, et Gnomarum : obiter etiam multarum zs 
rerum physicarum, et quorundam Secretorum expedita 
notitia: Vt nusquam ferè plus vtilium, elegantiumque 
obseruationum in tantillo spacio. Vnde facillimum, pul- 
chras, et splendidas Comparationes adornare; etiam 
supra ipsum Homerum, aut diuinum Eunapium. Prin- 30 
cipium, dimidium Totius: et Verbum sapienti sat. 
Relegi mense Septembri 1577 ° 
Gabrjel Haruejus 

Oovopu ! 4 ! 

Erasmus three cheefist [' 
Paper bookes - 
His Similes augmentid, and 
5 places, by Zuinger. 
His Apothegges, by Lycosthenes, and Zuinger. 
His Prouerbs, newly turkissed by diuers. 

His Similes 
His prouerbes 
His Apothegges 
browght into common 

P. '75 
Erasmus" hooks 
of collections. 


O,o,,»t-«, seu Dispositio Regularum vtrivsque Iuris in 
i o Locos Communes breui int«rpretatione subiecta : quw com- 
mentarij & locorum communium Ioannis Rami Iur«consulti 
ad easd«m Regulas, instar sit Enchiridij. Colonim 4grippinw 
ad Intersignium Monocerotis. .4nno ]I4D LXX. 

 574- Il pensare non importa, ma il fare. 
,5 Gabrielis Harueij 
Etiam exquisitissima sapientia ruera Vanitas est, nisi 
priuatim, publiceque exerceatur, et in mundo proficiat. 
poco fa, chi a se non gioua. 
«,;,t, oç. 158°- 
• o Groecorum Literre, nihil ad Artes Romanorum. 
Artium autem Romanarum principes: lndustria Vigi- 
lantia : in pacis Bellique tempestatibus solertia : Domi 
militioeque Virtus. hoe Artes Artium: hre Architech- 
tonicre Disciplinre. Hre maximè ostendunt, atque pro- 
•  bant, qui vir sies. Hre priuatlm, publicèque vtilissimoe. 
Harum Artium waa, instar Omnium Literarum. Minima 
Romanarum Artium, major maximis Artibus Groecorum. 
Ye Lord Cromwell : ye Duke of Northumberland : 
Captain Stukeley, ye popes general: Captain Drake, 
:3o her Majesties adventurer &c. of a Roman Disposition. 
plus Virtutis quam Artis. 

Title page 
A cloist«red 
 isdom useless. 

Epis. p.  
Roman arts 
better than 
Grcek letters. 

£pi. p. z 
Englishmen of 
Roman disposi- 

M.,ke the most 

Epi. p. 3 
Roman states- 
manship and 
Roman warfare 

Epis. p. 4 
The Court the 
sole fountain of 

Index p.  
' Li res '. 
Deeds, hot 
The most richly 
endowed of the 
Greeks and 

Alacrity in 
peace and war. 

14 2 Oovopa 

Improoue, & extend ail to ye very exceedingist vtter- 
most : with ail possible aduantages. 
[Quotes Virg. 6//en. 'Excudent aliJ":m] 
En facta variorum populorum comparata: ad illustran- 
dura amplificandumque Romanoe virtutis, atque nominis 
Corinthij oera : parij marmora : Athenienses causas : 
Aegiptij, et Chaldazi astra diligentiùs perfectiùsque sunt 
persecuti: Romani veto, politicam atque polemicam 
Disciplinam : quoe una, omnium est Artium nobilissima 
et augustissima ; omninoque Viro dignissima. 
The prynces Court, ye only mart of proeferment, & 
honour. A Goulfe of gaine. No fisshing to y" Sea. nor 
seruice to A King. Solum operaprecium. 
[' Index regularum ex pandectis ':] 
Vitoe Plutarchi electissimoe: et finalis historiarum vsus. 
Summa Summarum Mundi. Hoc fac, et viues. 
Amabilissimoe et illustrissimoe Naturoe; P. Scipionis 
Africani, Pomponij Attici, Coesaris, Pompeij: Romano- 
rum: Philippi Macedonis, Alexandri Magni, Alcibiadis: 
Groecorum. quorum vitoe generosa splendidaque oemula- 
tione effingendoe : l. They had all uery goodly gladsum 
countenances, with A coomly grace, and Maiesty, as well 
amiable as venerable, z They were ail uery quick of 
witt, and passingly eloquent in speach. 3 There noble 
audacity, inuincible corage, jndustrious actiuity, and 
speedy dexterity: with many witty pollicies, & sum 
wily suttleties: proceeding of A vigorous nature & 
ualiant Exercise, with sufficient Art to any manfull & 
honorable purpose. 
In peace, as quick, as quick syluer : in warr, as wyld, 
as wyld lyre. 
No buzzing, or muzing in y world, but cheerly, 
liuely, & actiue: proesently actiue with all impetuous 
Lyfe & coorage. 

O-ovowa 143 

Nunquam ullo momento Melancholicus, aut abiectus: 
(uilt) sed semper alacris, et iocundissimus. 
Liuely, & floorishing actiuity, is durable" all,,e. 
siuenes, & slowth, deseased and deadly. 
5 Ignaua, frigida et turpis Melancholia. 
A gentleman, without Eloquence, & fortitude: is lyke roq,,«nc« and 
A cock of ye game, without voyce [?], & spurres. 
Nihil uanius vsitato scribendi Cac6ethe. ,.a« r- 
Fo|ly of much 
Tria Mundi abominabilia, et abhorribilia mala; pigri-xritlng. 
No languor or 
o tia, tristitia, et frigiditas, cold,l«s. 
In Saturno Mors: in Sole, vita. 
Languidus spiritus nihil unquam fecit nobile. 
A braue quality, and most suttle property of thet.a«xp.4 
Emperour Tiberius : who ahogither fayned to do that, irony of Tib- 
 5 W  he meant hot to do : and hot to do that w « in deade ,ri. 
he meant to do. A wily, mischeeuous, coouetous, cruel 
and deceytfu]l fox. Politic:e lronioe. 
Stult tempus dividit, qui non saltem wam oetatis Halfone'slife 
tobe given to 
medietatem jmpendit praxi. Nimium est, puerum esse action. 
zO per dimidium Vitoe. 
Sanazarius (ut scribit Pontanus :) magn us I r,n • sera per lronv of San- 
laudabat homines, reprehendendo : reprehendebat, lau- 
dando, studiosissimus; llli, maximus Temporis perditor 
in choreis, et nugis. 
lIarvey and his 
zg My father began to chyde and square with me at )'-father. 
Table: I proesently, & doing my duty, ryse from y bowrd, 
saying only: I pray you good Father, pray for me and 
1 will pray for you. 
The lest qu, or hint : ye lest ouerture, y smallist or "«" -« 
Take your tue. 
o dimmist Light, sufficient to A nimble, & proegnant 
A persuasible, & importunate Sollicitour, with effect: ch;«'¢« yo,, 
A vehement, & inuincible Actour with effect, purpose. 
Brutus, quicquid uult, vald vult. 

S¢ipio', Scipio, is cited to answer an Accusation layed against 
him. He appearith, & with A good grace, callith away 
ye cumpany after him, to give thankes unto God, for his 
.a«« n. [, Index Regularum iuris canonici':--] 5 
Bc co,stnt to Vnum, ldemque Semel: decies: centies- millies. 
ro,r ,,q,o,. Illustrissimi Solis waus, idemque perpetuus Cursus. 
puerile vitium, et phantastica Leuitas, ab alijs ad alia 
transcurrere. In ijsdem fundantur sapientes. 
t)op t« p«n, Abijce pennam, et Linguam acue. Linguam acue, et o 
and sharpen thc 
tongue, insuda vehementi perpetuoeque Exercitationi. 
aoofmi,a A whott mynd : and A whott Boddy. A whottjnvin- 
a,ad body. 
cible mynde- and A whott durable Boddy. 
[Fortij Regula :--] 
Fo,tic «: Statim Disce - et statim Doce : jdem centies Doce :  ; 
learn by teach- 
ing. idem priuatim, publiceque Doce, quoties quotiesque 
licuerit. Sic ipse discens, docensque Rhetoricam, Arith- 
meticam, Cosmographiam, multo se plus profecisse 
affirmat, dura centies, crebriusque easdem Lectiones 
repeteret, nunc in hac, nunc in illa Academia; apud zo 
doctos, indoctos, cuiusque conditionis, et status : quàm 
si totidem Auctores Rhetoricos, Arithmeticos, Cosmo- 
graphicos, toties pervoluisset, seque interim Melancho- 
lico studio fatigasset. Cure contrà suœe illoe populares 
Repetitiones, plurimum adferrent jucundissimoe fami-25 
liaritatis, et viuidos spiritus salutari alacritate excitarent, 
• atque animarent. 
Do hot stifle Multitudo lmperatorum, perdidit Cariam. Multitudo 
your own mind 
under a weight Auctorum, proeceptorumque perdidit generosa Ingenia. 
of authorities. In paucis plurima, imo omnia. 30 
Smn,,««a of Lyttle or no writing will now serue, but only upon 
proesent necessary occasions, otherwise hot dispatchable. 
Ail writing layd abedd, as toedious, & needles. Ail is 

OtoPota 14  

now, in bowld Courtly speaking, and bowld Industrious 
dooing. Actiuity, proesent bowld Actiuity. 
Nullius lnimicus, proeterquam trium odiosissimorum, 
vehementerqueabhorrendorum Hostium: pigritioe, Tris- 
5 titioe, et frigiditatis. Sola abominabilia mala meoe Vitoe. 
Soloe causoe meoe omnis proeteritre miserire. Nunc 
foelicitas fuerit, Tria splendidissima et gratiosissima 
Dona semper, semperque amplecti" Industriam, Loeti- 
tiare, et Sudorem. 
o Alia quoeuis Institutio, certa Vanitas, et Miseria, 
prœeterquam Vna Hoec: A Tabula ad Meditationem; 
à meditatione, ad praxim ; à perfecta et exacta medita- 
tione, ad perfectam, et exactam praxim. Semper, semper, 
Ô semper, si sapis. 
5 Nomotheticam igitur Aristoteles, ipsius politic:e Dru- n 
dentioe architectonicam prudentiam facit .... Aut the founa:,tion 
of statcsman- 
igitur desipiscere nos fateamur, aut summi Nomophili, 
atque adeo etiam Nomophagi esse jncipiamus. G.H. 
2o [The book proper begins here :--] 
Malim esse Spartanus mlles, quam Atheniensis Rhetor. p-' r.«t«r the 
Spart-n than 
Vtrumque autem coniunctum, pulcherrimum. Hocte 
affectationi facillimum: illud Industrioe. 
Attica Lingua ; Lacedzemonijs manibus pedibusque ; 
25 geritur Res. 
J ureconsultorum Sparta, philologorum Athenis longè 
longèque anteponenda. 
Let hOt the Son go downe upon any thy offence, r- Se«not 
on any offence 
ether passiue, or actiue, giron or 
3o Summa Summarum, est in gratiosa Euschemosyne et 
Ahove ail, 
Docosophia, maximè omnium quoestuosa, et conqu:es-«rie to,,-in 
to. rti t pitre% qm çoç s¢enfi Jris. 
Prima dics hebdomadis: Summa Institutionum è p'4 Aweek's 
reading in law. 

H arve)"s three 
hane« : sloth, 
sadness cold- 

The end ofedu- 
cation, action. 

 4 6 Ott¢ovotta 

Have the p. 
law at Four 
fingers' ends 

iike Aubre F. 

Value of P-7 
this book. 

Ma_ter what 
Fou read. 

OE. Hoc Regularum Enchiridion. 
3- Regularum Distinctiones,  Damaso. 
4 DuoTractatus Iudiciorum,Jo Andrœeoe, et Bartholi: 
cum processu Sathanœe. 
5 Solennis practica Henningi: cumOdofredi Summa 
de Libellis formandis, seu de omnibus Actionibus 
6 Analysis Freigiana Consiliorum aliquot Zasii. 
7 Sabbatica meditatio eorundem. 
Hebdomas soepe repetenda, et alacriter rejteranda; io 
ad principia Iuris ; eiusdemque practicam ; altissime, 
profundissimeque imprimendam ; etiam Ludovici Pro- 
tonotarij curiositate; etiam francici Aduocati dexteritate, 
et cautelis. 
Legem pone, Legem porte: Erubesce sine Lege loqui: 
Vt Ludovicus protonotarius, qui memoriter quamque 
Legem citabat; tanquam de Libro pronuncians. Speciosa, 
et pomposa perfectio--qualis fere Doctoris Auberij apud 
nostros Arcuistas. 
This whole booke, written & printed, of continual 
& perpetual use: & therefore continually, and perpetually 
to be meditated, practised, and incorporated into my 
boddy, & sowle. 
In A serious, & practicable Studdy, better any on 
chapter, perfectly, & thorowghly digested, for proesent 
practis, as occasion shall requier: then A whole volume, 
greedily deuowrid, & rawly concoctid: to no actual 
purpose, or effect of valu. 
No sufficient, or hable furniture, gotten by unperfect 
posting, or superficial ouerrunning: or halfelearning: 
but by perpetual meditations, repetitions, recognitions, 
recapitulations, reiterations, and ostentations of most 
practicable points, sounde and deepe imprinting as well 
in ye memory, as in the understanding: for proegnant 

OKovo#m 147 

& curious reddines, at euery lest occasion. Every Rule 
of valu, and euery poynt of vse, woold be continually 
recognised, and perpetually eternised in y& witt, & 
5 Omnia, quoe curant, etiam senes meminerunt. 
The foole hydeth his Talent. 
Verus Artifex, instar Lunoe est, in nocte Plenilunij. 
Archimedes quantus quantus erat, totus totus erat 
o Mulcasters College of Lawiers, must studdy, confer, 
& practis only Law: his college of physicions, only 
physique: of Diuines, only Diuinity. Tongues, & Arts, 
forelerned in y proper colleges. Histories vncertain, 
thorowgh ignorance of circumstances, but a studdy for 
'5 pastime after meate. 
Sola oedificant, quibus necessari6 jndiget Respublica. 
A right fellow to practise in ye world : on, that knowith 
fasshions: & prettely spiced with y° powder ofexperience 
& meetly well temperid with ye powder of Experience. 
zo Machiauel, & Aretine knew fasshions, and were 
acquainted with y" cunning of y" world. 
Mach. & Aretine were hot to lerne how to play their 
pattes, but were prettely beaten to y" doings ofy  world. 
Mach: & Aretine knew yr lessons by hart & were hot 
z5 to seeke how to vse y wicked world, y" flesh, & y" Diuel. 
They had lernid cunning enowgh : and had seen fasshions 
enowgh: and cowld & woold vse both, with aduantage 
enowgh. Two curtisan politiques. 
Schollars,& common youthes, euen amongst yelustiest, 
30 & brauist courtiers; ar yet to lerne yr lesson jn y° world. 
Vita, militia : uel Togata, uel Armata. 
First cast to shoot right: then be suer to shoot home. 
Lett hOt short shooting loose y& game. aime straight, 
draw home. risoluto per tutto. 

We can remem- 
ber things we 
care about. 
p.$ Do nothide 
)'out talent. 
The truc zrtist. 
p. o Specializ- 

Knowledge of 
the world ex- 
emplified in 
and Arctine. 

Knowledge of 
the world. 
Life is warfare. 

'In the sweat 
of thy face.' 

In sudore vultus tui vesceris pane tuo. Non iam 
miseriœe humanœe, sed foelicitatis tuœe Regula. nothing 
sweat, nothing eat. 
Di,pe,,e ,ith Nihil deinceps penna notandum, nisi vtiliter nouum, 
aut rarum. Regia praxis Edouardi VI. Cœetera omnia 5 
Agrapha, Rheta, mnemonica, Empirica, practica, mech- 
anica, Chirurgica, vsu ipso quotidiano familiaria. 
Lycurgus, et Socrates, Grœecorum sapientissimi, etiam 
maxima quœeque Agrapha esse voluerunt. Christus ipse 
suum Evangelium non scribi, sed predicari mandauit, l O 
Ite, et prœedicate (non sedete, et scribite). 
P.s Curious in deliberatory, & Judicial Decisions: furious 
in actiue expeditions, & executions. 
Orderly & Methodical proceding. 
What woold Speculator, or Machiavel aduise in this 15 
act i. rouf a,e Case ? 
What woold Cœesar do, or surfer in this case ? 
How woold Vliffes discourse, or, dispatch this matter ? 
How woold the wisest Hed; the finest Tongue; the 
valiantest & actiuest Hart, behaue & besturr himselfe zo 
jn this Case ? 
What course of proceding, or conueiance, woold ye 
cunningest, & deepest witt in ye world, take ? 
"rheq.aitie, of Dulci narratore, nihil dulcius. In un dotto, eloquenza: 
narrative style. 
Uuallorum fiducia: Gallorum viuiditas: ltalorum maies- z 5 
tas: Hispanorum Ambitio. 
'Vertù.' Quicquid est in Deo, est Deus: Quicquid estjn Viro, 
sit Virtus, et vis. 
Quicquid cogitat, Vigor: quicquid loquitur, Emphasis; 
quicquid agit, Dynamis: quicquid patitur, alacritas. 30 
Totus Vita, Entelechia, furor, Zelus, Ignis. 
In uno Cœesare multi Marij, et Syllœe : In wao Angelo 
furio, multi Cœesares. 
The 'wings' of 
,accent. p.7 In Mathematicis, opus est alis Platonis : 

Act as the 
wisest and 
bravest would 

O«ovot«« 149 

In Mechanicis, Alis Dedali: 
In Pragmaticis, alis Coesaris : 
In Hippicis, et Apodemicis, alis Pegasi : 
In Legationibus, et Expeditionibus, alis Mercurij, aut 
5 etiam Angeli : 
Sine quibus fere, et opera mathematica, mechanica, 
pragmatica, Hippica, Apo&mica, Apostolica, Oratoria, 
lmperatoria perditur: et oleum autel temporis argen- 
tearumque expensarum luditur. 
l o Marcellus vicit Archimedem: et Romana: virtuti 
cedere tandem coacta est graeca omnis scientia. Plus valet 
Machiauelli, aut Volaterrani Princeps quam Erasmi, aut 
Osorij, Patritij, aut Heresbachij. 
Smithoeis Literulis, proeluxit Coecilianus rro)«r««laoç, et 
5 polypragmatica Cromelli Industria, polytechnicam Gar- 
dineri prudentiam superauit. 
Socrates,maximus ,it,,,,, et Ramus, maximus popularis, 
eundem semper vultum, eandemque frontem ostentabant 
in vtraque fortuna, et in omnibus casibus. Eadem virili, 
zo fortique Alacritate semper conspicui. 
Statim properandum a potentia in actum ; et semper 
ab actu in actum jncessanter. Sola orbis furia actuosa, 
vt etiam Syren persuasiua Vnica. Regna terrarum, 
coelorumque rapiunt Violenti. 
z5 Democritica, Epicurea, Lucianica vita (omnimodo 
lauta, delicata, dulcis) quoìd animi voluptates. Herculea, 
Alexandrina, Coesarea vita (omnino ambitiosa, industria, 
strategematica) quoad corporis actiones. Vtraque vita, 
splendida, Heroica, Honoris plena. 
3o Bos, et Asinus, Laborant tristes: Canis, et Equus, 
Alacres ; generosa lœetitia gestientes, et exsultantes. 
Omnia cogitationum, actionumque pocula Homerico 
nepenthe permiscenda delicatè à vil, priuatiua particula, 
et r,Ooç, luctus. Nonnullis Buglossa. 

p. a 8 Science 
-nd letters 
must bow to 

P-  9 The ironï 
of Socrates and 

Be stiil doing. 

p. zo Inteilec- 
tuai plcasure 
and steruous 

Have joï in 
your mork. 

I 0 Ooom« 

Beware p. z 3 
of oppoBing the 
powerB that be. 

Macchia- p. z4 
velli's political 



The full- p. z 9 
blooded man. 

The glosse, or marginal note : Treason cannot be 
wrowght so cunningly, or so secretly, but it will be 
detectid : & the least apparance of dîspleasure, or mal- 
contentment, disgraceth euery subiect, & proouith 
nothing but his own contempt, & forlorne wretchednes. 5 
Frowardnes towards any is on ofy e basist, vilest, rudest, 
& grosest qualityes in ye world : but toward ye prince 
or any princely peere, A most absurd, senceles, & 
pernitious property. The cause of no good anyway: 
but full of many euils, & disgraces eueryway. o 
Machiauellica politica, in Mercuriali, et Saturnino 
genere; n ullo ferè modo Heroica: mea,j n Jouiali, solari, 
Martio, et Mercuriali genere; omnimodo Heroica. Mea 
politica proecepta, et exempla, plena Excellentissimoe 
prudentioe ac fortitudinis; semperque Heroicam, et stu-  5 
pendam Industriam, longè latèque ostentantia : Machia- 
uellicis prœeceptis, et exemplis, mult6 magnificentiora, 
et nobiliora. Vt etiam efficaciora actoosiora, habiliora, 
A most excellent & heroical prœesident of honorable zo 
hauiour & Interteinement, in Esau, & Jacob Genesis 
33- the Queene ofSaba & Salamon, Regum lib. 3 cap. x. 
Ail ceremonious Ciuility & ail honorable magnificence. 
Heroica Evtr\ nlotrfivn 
A braue Example in Dido, & Aeneas. 25 
Doctor Bartholmew Clark, delitium humani generis, 
quoth bishop Elmer. 
Doctor Tobie Mathew puttes downe y finest Lawiers, 
& Courtiers. 
The fullist of lyre with sufficient knowlege y fittist 3o 
for any seruice or execution, ether publique, or priuate. 
The quickist of sense, & motion; y aptist for any 
Euery fine, witty man ; full oflife, Spirit, & quicknes 
at all rimes. 

Orovolum 1 51 

Secreta omnium Artium discenda. Symposiacè, Inqui- v- . 
sitiuè, Empiricè; facillimo, et familiarissimo more Croli  
Virali Xetetici. 
The only braue way to lerne althings with no study, 
& much pleasure. Sic Augustus, totus actuosus, obiter 
profecit scientia. 
Sink euery on to y" depth, & pumpe him d,jn euery 
practicable skill; & there an ende. fiat Socraticè et 
Lucianic ; ingeniosè, et scitè ; quasi obiter. [pxn 
 fi vr o¢. ] 
Robin Goodfellow's Table Philosophy, good sociable 
fier will owt : & feates will shew his Cunning. 
Common Lerning, & y name ofA good schollar, was v. 
leatning now 
neuer so much contemn'd, & abiectid of princes, Prag-itt tm«. 
maticals, & common Gallants, as nowadayes ; jnsomuch 
that it necessarily concernith, & importith ye lernid ether 
proesently to hate y" books ; or actually to insinuate, & 
enforce themselues, by uery special, & singular proper- 
tyes of emploiable, & necessary vse, in all affaires, as 
well priuate, as publique, amounting to any commodity, 
ether oeconomical, or politique. 
Who would hot rather be on of y Nine Worthyes : 
then on of  Seauen Wise masters ? 
The prœesent tense only in effect to be regardid. 
Meoe Hypotheseos Optimum Maximum Axioma. Par r- 
¢ontrsts him- 
est fortuna Labori. Vt jnitio Turpe Coesari" At nihil 
tale feci. 
Ail y" Nine Worthyes, in Coesar only : & Petrarchs v- s c,. 
whole Triumph of faine. 
Ego, tutu demum beatus, cure Incomparabili Industria, 
et Alacritate floreo maximè. Mihi solus Coesar plus- 
quam Omnes Libri. 

I  2 Oovopa 

p. »6 Salomonis Ecclesiastescuiquemandat sedulumjnofficio 
An obscure life 
hot lice at ail. laborem, damnatque ignauum proeceptum, k«Ot fi,w««ç 
qualis illa Horatij vilis sententia, benè qui latuit, benè 
vixit : cure vita in tenebris acta mors potius sit, quàm 
vita: nec quicquam valeat vita, nisi in Luce et sole. 5 
Lw for »ou- Commend, or Amend. Medice, cura Teipsum. 
If they, & they did not well, I pray God we, and we 
Ole, quid ad te 
De cute quid faciat jlle, vel jlle sua ? lO 
Sapiens est maximè qui sibi ipsi sapit optimè. 
Poco fa, chi à se non gioua. 
Charitas jncipit a Seipso. 
Inutiles Cardani subtilitates negligendoe : Sola prag- 
matica, et Cosmopolitica curanda- that carry meat in ! 5 
y mowth; & ar daily in esse. quœe alunt familiam et 
parasitos" quae semper oedificant. 

The lift p. 37 
of action. 

The 'ay p. 39 
to fise. 

p. 4-0 


In verbis Emphaticus : 
In factis energeticus- 
In vtrisque Industrius, 
Rerum potitur. 

l L'emfatico ben parlà: 
L'inquisitiuo ben sà: 
L'energetico bon fà: 
) L'jndustrio ben hà. 


Aurora tempus Deorum : dies virorum : nox, puero- 
rum, et sellLlm. 
The two souerain Counsels, or Oracles of Apollonius 
Tyaneus, to his Disciples: To consult early in yz5 
morning, with y diuine spirits of Heaven: After 
meate, to question, & discourse, with y° cunningest & 
expertest men, where soeuer they becam. The souerain 
vse of y diuine Morning : & excellent Conference. 
His own sentences, were short, & adamantine: vttered 3o 
like oracles, with A diuine grace: & he spake with A 
certain dignity, like A prince, or Commander: tanquam 
autoritatem habens. His wordes, were hOt pompously 
affected ; but Attique, emphatical, & pithy : euer to y 

purpose, & effèctual. He had ye cast, to ouerawe them, 
that went abowt to restraine him. He woold shew them 
a Gorgons hed. first bewitch them with A Sirens tongue: 
if that will not serue, coniure them with A Gorgons hed. 
5 Diuine Apollonius. v." 
Apollonius being asked why he writt nothing, being 
so excellently hable : answered, It was hOt his dessigne, 
To sitt still. And surely it is hOt my platform, to ly by-it. 
The Hed: The fountain of Witt, & fine conceits; 
o must euer be kept cleare, pure, neat, & sweet. Apollonius 
diet, Bred, & frute. 
Diuine Apollonius. t,. 43 
The only Pythagorean, that excelled his Master. 
If he were anything more, then an excellent philo- 
5 sopher, & an expert wiseman: it was natural, or 
supernatural Magique" by y" resolution of Eusebius, 
y" Ecclesiastical hystoriographer, & bishop of Coesaria. 
His three souerainest propertycs : pure Temperance: 
excellent discourse" & singular Memory" the rest, was 
2o miraculous Magique : his diuine Sapience. 
[On the words, ' bonum pr, esumi quemque, donec probetur 
malus'.] Machiauelli contraria proesumptjo. 
A fiery Witt will soone gaine Artes: & quickly be 
acquainted with tongues : like Apollonius. A Witch of 
aS tongues : & A Jugler of Artes. 
No sheild inuincible, but y Hart of Confidence and 
lndustry and 
the Hand of Industry. Industry, witty, & iudicious 
Labour; extensiuely emprooued and amounting to ye 
highest degree of valour, as well indefatigable, as violent. 
3o Industry, is y" fift Element: & Confidence, y lire 
& vigour of all fiue. 
Sirenis lingua, et caput Gorgonis: quod volunt, valent. æ. 47 
The Siren and 
In extremis casibus Gorgon reuelanda" alioe rixre, et the Gorgor. 
lires Ironicè transigendœe, mel in ore, verba lactis. 

A pirt 
of tire. 

No mclan¢holy 

Once is p. 63 
hot enough. 

The 'ins' 
and thc %uts.' 

Cynical p. t46 
m,xlms of Har- 
vey's father. 

Siren singulis diebus vitœe: Gorgon ne semel in anno: 
tantum in extremis. 
All lingring is pelting: & ail wrangling, paultering. 
Grassator spiritus, et dominator Animus, totus igneus. 
Neuer staied with common Lullabyes. 5 
Nihil egregium, sine areo Trigono Celeritatis: et 
igneo Trigono Confidentioe. 
The neatest, finest, sweetest & brauest Theurgia: my 
Sharp, & fine Witt : pure Sanguin, or braue Choller: o 
Melancholy an Asse in Witt, & Memory: Saturne A 
Beast in Behauiour, & Action--no baser, or viler 
wretch, then Melancholy. The longer ye Melancholy 
man liueth, yC lesse he knoweth : quoth Doctor Phillip, 
in ye 6 Discourse of his Counsellour. 15 
Quod non legitur ter, non legitur semel: quod non 
fit centies, non fit semel. 
Giue me possession :' & take you possibility. 
matters in esse & persons jn possession, beare ail ye 
swey. zo 
My father woold now & then merrily kast owt an 
owld Ryme, of sure Skeltons, or Skoggins making, as 
he proetended. 
Ego, et Ille 
Ar hOt so sille, 25 
But Jwis we can play 
Mock Halliday. 
The cunningest in schoole 
May learne of many a foole. 
Euery plain Simplicity, 3o 
Hath sure knack of knauery. 
By God, & by y Rood, 
The Diuel was neuer good. 

Other familiar glosses he wanted hOt, upon ye Title 
De Dolo Malo: wherein lightly his Conclusion was; 
The Diuel is A knaue, and his Data A whore. 
Celebre est apophthegma veteris philosophi: homines 
S trahendos esse, non pallio, sed auribus. 
It is A bad cloth, that will take no cullour, v.,6s 
Galenus Paracelso sophista, non medicus. Sic Aris- 
toteles ferè Ramo. 
Libri omnes, Chimeroe sine praxi, vt soepe Aretinus. Ar..tin« 
IO An exercised Boddy: A ioyfull mind: An impregnable v.,72 
Audacity : All incessant, & incomparable. 
Apud principes huius soeculi, Audacissimi, Gratiosis- 
The most proegnant Rule, & Souerain Maxim, ofmy p. 17; He:,lth 
boldness elo- 
S whole Vertu, & Fortune : no Boddy, withowt Exercise: que,ce and 
no mind, withowt cheerfulnes: no Fortune, withowt industry. 
Audacity: no Treasure, like A nimble, & durable Boddy: 
with A liuely & euer-cheerly mind: and an inuincible 
confidence in all interteinements, & actions. Your daily 
zo charg, to exercise, to lawgh : to proceed bowldly. And 
then Eloquence, & Industry, will acheue ail: the two 
heroical singularityes of Angelus Furius ; still excelling 
ail, Peritia, Assuetudine, Zelo. 
A continual Ironist, like Socrates, Sanazarius, & owr p.,TS :,« 
of irony. 
z Sir Thomas More ; suer in ye sweetist, & finist kinde. 
No such confutation of Anger, rage, chiding, carving, p. ,76 
brawling, rayling, threateni ng, scoffing, mocki ng, or s uch 
like: as witty, & pleasant Ironyes. A most easy Apology, 
& the finest ofall other. Thine owne pleasure, & foelicity: 
30 thy aduersarys extreme greife, & vexation. 
In any excellent action: più oltra, y brauist, & «Piu oltra." 
Imperiallist posy in y° world. You do well: do still 
better, & better : piu oltra. An other doth, or speakith, 
excellently well: Do you, & speak you better : plu oltra. 

p. 6; Mon 
led by the ear 

P- 7 Paracel 
sus and Ramu 

15 6 O:ovo«, 

Arctine. p. t 77 

The most 
spiring authors. 


p. $6 
and theory. 

p. 189 
Thomas, Lord 

p. 192 
Bruno (.) 
at Oxford. 

Ficry P-  94 

A cry p. 196 
of regret. 

An Iron Boddy: A Syluer mind: A Gowlden For- 
tune: A heauenly foelicity upon Earth. But euer excell 
more, & more : piu oltra. 
Aretines glory, to be himself: to speake, & write 
like himself: to imitate none, but him selle & euer to S 
maintaine his owne singularity, yet euer with com- 
mendation, or compassion of other. 
Angeli Autores, Orpheus et Prooeresius : Furij, For- 
tius, Aretinus, Lutherus: etiam Agrippa in mathematicis, 
Machiauellus in politicis. o 
Art, little worth, vnles it be transformed into Nature. 
A Lusty Boddy " & a Braue Mind : ye mighty dooers 
in ye world. Heroical valour, nothing else. 
Experience, is A man, & A perfect Creature: Theory, 
is but A Child, or A monster : ex vltima Tabula physicoe   
Rameaz, in Platonica fabula Aristoei, et Protei. 
Orderly proceding wantith hOt happy succeding. 
Cromwell espccially commendid for A cleare light of 
witt, with A diuine mcthod, & singular dexterityjn al 
his sayings, & doings. 2o 
Jordanus Neopolitanus, (Oxonij disputans cure Doc- 
tore Vnderhil) tare in Theologia, quàm in philosophia, 
omnia reuocabat ad Locos Topicos, et axiomata Aristo- 
telis; atque inde de quauis materia promptissimè argu- 
ebat. Hopperi principia mult6 eflîcaciora in quouis 25 
Argumento forensi. 
Marij, et Sfortioe, magna Vi, magni: animi quàm 
ingenij pleniores. Camillus furius. Papirius Cursor. 
Metellus Celer. Ricardus I Cor Leonis. feruidis homini- 
bus applaudit vulgus; eosque solos, reputat Viros. 3o 
Calidi videntur validi. Idem nuper notatum à Lipsio, 
politicorum 1. 4. 
At nihil tali feci. VOe misero mihi, dum fecero etiam 
singulare et admirabile aliquid in vtroque genere tam 

Oovoa« I .ç 7 
cffectiuo quam cxprcssiuo. Vt ncmo sit in mundo magis 
Pacicncc is an excellent quality : and Constancy, thc P-'9 6-7 
Bc merry and 
honorablist Vertu of all Vertues. the brauist mixture 
S in y° world, To be merry, & wise. \«,',,v, « , 
Sir Roger Williams Rede : As he that doth most, so P. 
Sir Roger 
he that saieth most, is most tobe commendid : Soit be 
to purpose, & with Reason. 
Reason, & Industry supply all other defects of Dis- g"° 
o course, & Action. industr)'. 
Lucians Rhetor wilbe heard : pescenninus [sic] Actor 
wilbe fealt. 
Gallant Audacity, is neuer owt of countenance : But 
hath euer A Tongue, & A Hand at will. 
  Begin with resolution : & follow it thorowly for life. 
Reason and Industry, cunningly, & effectually em- 
ployed, will proeuaile. 
The most easy, & flowing composition, euer best: 
with gallant words. Add reasons and respects, (orderly 
zo disposed) : et nihil suprà. 
No such Tuchstoone, to prooue A Man, as his own p. 99 
Tongue. howld tuch at least. 
He that woold be thowght A Man, or secret anything 
worth ; must be A great Dooer, or A Great Speaker: 
z$ He is A Cipher, & but a peakcgoose, that is nether of 
both: He is y Right man, that is Both" He that cannot 
be Both, lett him be On at least, if he meane to be 
accounted any boddy : or farwell all hope of valu. 

Fie grcat either 
in act or speech. 

Last page. 
Erra Patcr. 

Dr. Lopcz. 

Dr. Burcot. 

Dr. Julio. 

 5 8 Bucbanan 


In Iudoeorum Medicastrorum calumnias. 157 o. 

Erra Pater, a great Professour of Astrology and secret 
Doctor Lopus, the Queenes physitian, is descended  
of Jewes : but himselfe A Christian, & Portugall. 
He none of the learnedest, or expertest physitians in 
ye Court : but one, that maketh as great account of him- 
self, as the best : & by a kind of Jewish practis, hath 
growen to much wealth, & sum reputation : aswell with to 
ye Queen herselfe as with sum of y greatest Lordes, & 
Doctor Burcot was in a manner such an other : who 
so bold, as blinde Bayard ? 
Doctor Julio, the Italian, beside his courtly finenes, t5 
had witt, & learning in him: & for his gallant practis, 
deserued to be A princes physitian. 

Title page. 


ztne ztdmonition, direct to the trew Lordis maintenaris of the 
Kingis Graces /lutboritie 1. G.B. [George Buchanan] 
lmprinted at London by Iobn Daye : according to tbe 
Scotish copie Printed at Striuilyng by Robert Lekpreuik 
ztnno Do. MDLXXI. 


Gabrjel Haruey 
A fine Discourse of Buchanan, but bitter in his z5 
Inuectiue veine, for elegant stile, none nearer owre 
[Many words underlined. 
Ciiddisdail, glossed ' Liddisdail'] 

Dionysius Periegetes 59 

[Second tract in saine volume begins ' S«lutem in Cbristo 
Good men and euill. . .' etc., ending A 7 v ' ¢It London 
tbe XIII of October z 57 . your louyng Brotber in 
Lawe. R. G.'] 
glosse by G.H. A most perillous rebellion intendid. 
The Lord Treasurers hed, supposed to be in the 
conueyance of this Letter missiue. 
I heard it reported in the Court, & affirmed in London, 
this Nouember. 

At end. 
An intended 



Tbe Surueye of tbe IlZorld . . englisbed by T. Twine.  572. 
hnp. at London, by Henrie Binneman. 

Notable Astronomical descriptions in Chawcer, & 
Lidgate; fine artists in manie kinds, & much better 
5 learned then owre moderne poets. 
Chawcers conclusions of the Astrolabie, still excellent, 
vnempeachable : especially for the Horizon of Oxford. 
A worthie man, that initiated his little sonne Lewis with 
such cunning& subtill conclusions, as sensibly, & plainly 
o expressed, as he cowld deuise. 
The description ofthe Spring, in the beginning ofthe 
prologues of Chawcers Canterburie tales. In the begin- 
ning of the Complaint of the Black Knight. In the 
beginning of the flowre & the leafe. 
5 In the beginning of Lidgats storie of Thebes. 
In the Squiers tale. In the tale of the Normes preist. 
In the beginning of the second booke of Troilus. 
In the romant of the Rose: oEz. 6. 
In the beginning of the Testament of Creseide, a 
o winterlie springe. 
(P¢esie, a liuelie picture: and a more florishing purtra- 
ture, then the gallantest Springe of the yeare.) 

in poets. 

ol the Swing. 

160 Dionysius Periegetes 


Eutrapeli stylus maximè viuidus, longéque omnium 
floridissimus. Poetarum, et oratorum pulcherrima, sua- 
uissimaque Anthologia. Quasi amoenissimum Virida- 
rium, et cultissimum florilegium. Vt nihil venustius, aut 
nitidius ; nihil fragrantius, aut mellifluentius videatur. S 
Nullum adhuc stylum vidi satis viuidum,aut animosum ; 
nullum florescentem, aut fructificantem satis [proeter] 
unius Eutrapeli : qui est [?] solis splendentis Orator, 
verisque poeta virescentis. 
D,crivti,,n The description of Winter, in the Frankleins tale. In 7o 
of Winter : 
the beginning of the flowre of Courtesie: made bie 
In the beginning of the assemblie of Ladies. In a 
ballad 343. 
of the hour The description of the hower of the day: in the Man ,  
of the da)'. 
of Lawes prologue. In the tale of the Nonnes preist. 
In the parsons prologue. 
Notable descriptions, & hOt anie so artificiall in Latin, 
or Greeke. 
Ecd: etiam personarum, rerumque Iconismi. 2o 
Description, The artificial description ofa cunning man,or Magician, 
of magiclans 
.,,d .stroog., or Astrologer, in the Franklins tale. 
andtheirworks Two cristall stones artificially sert in the botom ofthe 
fresh well" in the romant ofthe Rose. 1 0 3. The Natiuitie 
of Hypermestre : in her Legend. 25 
Fowre presents of miraculous vertu : An horse, & a 
sword: a glasse, & a ring" in the Squiers talc. 
The natiuitie of Oedipus, artificially calculated in the 
first part ofLidgats storie ofThebes: bie the cunningest 
Astronomers, & Philosophers of Thebes. So 
The discouerie of the counterfait Alchymist, in the 
tale of the Chanons Yeman. 
Other commend Chawcer, & Lidgate for their witt, 
pleasant veine, varietie of poetical discourse, & all 

Diotysius Periegetes 

humanitie: I specially note their Astronomie, philoso- 
phie, & other parts ofprofound or cunning art. Wherein 
few of their time were more exactly learned. It is hot 
sufficient for poets, to be superficial humanists: but they 
5 must be exquisite artists, & curious vniuersal schollers. 
M. Digges bath the whole Aquarius of Palingenius 
bie hart: & takes mutch delight to repeate it often. 
M. Spenser conceiues the like pleasure in the fourth 
day of the first Weeke of Bartas. Which he esteemes 
,o as the proper profession of Urania. 
Axiophilus makes the like account of the Columnes, 
and the Colonies ofBartas. Which he commonly addes to 
the Spheare of Buchanan. Diuine, & heroicall works: 
and excellent Cantiques for a mathematicall witt. 
,5 Excellent Doctor Gesner ruade as singular account of 
the most learned Zodiacus of Palingenius Stellatus, as 
owre worthie M r Thomas Digges. Who esteemes him 
abooue all moderne poets, for a pregnant introduction 
into Astronomie, & both philosophies. With a fine touch 
,-o of the philosophers stone its¢lf, the quintessence of 
nature, & art sublimed. 
Ver animi, corporis, fortunœe oeternum. Inprimisqtte 
florentissimoe orationis pulcherrimum, dulcissimumque 
Ver. Floroe, Pomonoe, Cererisque delitium. Syluani, 
z Panis herois, Bacchi item herois, mirabilisque Vertumni 
suauium. Amalthœeoe et Melissoe Jouiale Cornu. 
Musarum, et Charitum ; Venerum, et Sirenum 
Fixa Naturoe, artis, exercitationis, cunctoeque perfec- 
o tionis stella. 
Mensium per sua signa, elegantissima est apud poetas 
Vt eccè in synonymis Textoris. 
Pulchra sunt Virgilij de Solis ortu, tetrasticha. 


3r Palingenius 
and Du Bartas. 



1 6Z Wtonystus l"erlegetes 

Astrological 4v 
learning in 
Italian and 
French poets 

in English  r 


De quatuor anni tempestatibus, etiam tetrasticha. 
De l Z. signis coelestibus, Hexasticha. 
De Iride, tristicha. 
Excellunt in hoc astronomico genere poetoe per- 
pauci, prœeter Ouidium, Senecam, Lucanum, Manilium; 
Pontanum, Fracastorium, Palingenium, Mizaldum, 
Buchananum; Gallic etiam Bartasium. Qui diuinus 
est astronomus in die quarto primœe hebdomadis: in 
Columnis: alibi obitèr. Coelestis Vates, vt Trismegistus, 
et Sibylloe. 
The like fine, & gallant astrological descriptions, 
diuers in Italian ; especially in sweet Petrarch, diuine 
Aretine, worthie Ariosto, & excellent Tasso: fowre 
famous heroique poets, as valorously braue, as delicately 
Sure not wllike astrological descriptions in the 
notablest French Poets : cheifly in liuelie Marot, florish- 
ing Ronsard, admirable Bartas, &c. 
[insertion.] Flos Microcosmi: uel gemma Orientis. 
Giue mee the astrological descriptions in anie language, 
that from the pictures of the heauens appeare most 
visible, liuelie, florishing, & admirable. 
Diuini Iconismi, et coelestes Picturoe. 
Nemo Poeta, satis diuinitùs, aut coelitùs Poeta. 
Nullus in mundo Pictor, satis conspicuus, aut viuidus 
Pictor. Ver illud pulcherrimi, florentissimiq«e styli 
adhuc desydero. 
SOep miratus sure, Chaucerum, et Lidgatum tantos 
fuisse in diebus illis astronomos. Hodiernos poetas tam 
esse ignaros astronomioe: proeter Bucloeum, Astrophilum, 
Blagravum : alios perpaucos, Uranioe filios. 
Pudet ipsum Spenserum, etsi Sphoeroe, astrolabijque 
non planè ignarum; suoe in astronomicis Canonibus, 
tabulis, instrumentisque imperitioe. Proesertim, ex quo 

Dionysius Periegetes a 6 3 

vidit Blagraui nostri Margaritam Mathematicam. Qui 
n Pontano quidem, aut Palingenio, aut Buchanano, aut 
etiam Bartasio cedit, exquisita vtriusque Globi, astrolabij, 
baculique familiaris scientia. Vt alter iam Diggesius, vel 
5 Hariotus, vel etiam Deius videatur. Aureum calcar non 
rudium oemulorum. 
The planets be to the signes, as the soule is to the 
boddie: & the signes to the planets, as the boddie to 
the soule. Erra Pater. The one without the other, can 
o do nothing. 
The A.B.C. of owr vulgar Astrologers, especially 
such, as ar commonly termed Cunning men or Arts- 
men. [later] Sure call them wissards. 
Erra Paters prognostication for euer. 
5 The Shepherds Kalendar. 
The Compost of Ptolemeus. 
Sure fewe add Arcandam: & a pamflet, intituled, 
The knowledg of things vnknowne. 
I haue heard sure of them naine Jon de indagine. 
this in a manner 

zoTheise be theire great masters" & 
theire whole librarie: with sum old 
tables, & instruments. 
Erra Pater, their Hornebooke. 


6r Theplanets 
and signs. 

An astro]oger's 

The Shepherds Kalendar, their primer. 
z5 The Compost of Ptolemeus, their Bible. 
Arcandam, their newe Testament. 
The rest, with Albertus secrets, & Aristotles problems 
Inglished, their great Doctours, & wonderfull Secreta 
3o De Anno, et partibus eius: 
(quoe valde est vtilis, et assidu necessaria doctrina:) 7 r , Book 
of Common 
Eccè elega,as, atque proegnans tractatus in authentico Vra)'cron the 
year and 
Libro Precum publicarum in Ecclesia nostra Anglicana. .,t. 
Nullum fer opusculum dilucidius, aut compendiosius, 

Title page 
At end. iii 
Praise of this 

Title page 

Prais© of this 

^ iiij* 

The author. 

The Flyl«af 
beginning of 
the day. 

Differcnt kinds 
of months. 

16 4 Lbuyd 

quàm illa Clericorum Clauis Computus Ecclesiastici. 
Cuius ignarus, planè asinus ad lyram Ecclesiasticam. 
Certum mea, tuâque refert, illum ediscere disertum, 
proegnantemque tractatum De Anno, et partibus dus. 
Gabrielis Harueij. 1574- 
Synopsis mundi: breuissima, et facillima. Mea tandem 
mnemonica typocosmia. Cum Neandri etiam mnemonica 
Geographia; eademque pragmatica Neographia. Qualis 
etiam in Freigij Poedagogo, adhuc breuior, atque facilior. 


• "be Breuiary of Britayne. IVriten in Latin by Humfrey 
Lhuyd. . Englished by 5Fbomas 5Fwyne. hnp. at 
London, by Richard Johnes.  573- 


Gabriel Haruey 
Ex dono M ri Browghton, Christensis. '5 
Tractatus, cuique Anglo necessarius ; non ignoranti, 
rudique suoe patrioe. 
[At end of 'Epistle':--] 
Nihil turpius quam domi esse peregrinum: nihil 
magis pudendum, quàm ignarum esse suoe Patrioe. 2o 
M  Floyd, a rare antiquarie: & this Tract replenished 
with manie notable antiquities; sum memorials ofsingular 
vse, aswell in action, as in discourse. 
[At end of book :] 
A natural day, the time ofoE4, howres. The beginning 25 
thereof, with the Babylonians, at Sunrising: with the 
Vmbrians,& Astronomers at Midday: with the Athenians 
at Sunsetting : with the Romans, & vs, at Midnight. 
The Solar moonth, the Sunnes continuance in one 
signe. The moonth of Consecution, from chang to 3o 
chang. Of apparition, z8. days or 4 weeks. Ofperagra- 
tion, OE7- days, & 8. howres. 


The Posies of George Gascoigne Esquire. Corrected. . by the 
authour. 1575. 
Gabrjel Haruey. Londini, Cal. Sept. 577- 

"r,tle page 

The fruites of tCarre, written vppon this Theame, Dulce Bellum 
inexpertis . . written by peecemeale . . as the Aucthour had 
vacaunt leysures from seruice, being begon at Delfe. 
A sory resolution for owre Netherland Soldiours. 
poem unworthy 
,o A good pragmatique Discourse ; but vnseasonable, & o«  ,olaier. 
most vnfitt for a Captain, or professed Martiallist. 
The Prince of Oreng, cheifly commended for his r''cxxi" 
,Villiam the 
fortification, & sum more Discipline, then was vsual $ilent. 
in thos riotous Countries. 
5 [On Mountdragon :--] 
highly commended by Sir Roger Williams, in his new 
Discourse of Warr. 
[On Verdugo :--] p.diij 
highly commended in Chytroeus new chronicle. 
zo Plus Prudcntioe, quam Fortitudinis. l'clviij 

Hearbes [containing the Comedy Supposes and the 
Tragedy Jocasta]. 
A fine Comedie: & a statelie Tragedie. 
Gabriel Haruey. 
The best part, Hearbs: especially, the Comedy, & 
Tragedy, excellent. 
[On Prologue to Supposes: 'you shall see the toaster supposed s.,o,. 
for the seruant', etc. :--] 
To coosen the expectation, one notable point in a 
Comedie: & one of the singularities of Vnico Aretino, 
in his courting ltalian Comedies. 

Title lage 

166 Gascoigne 


p. 6o 

P. 4 [End of Scoena I of Supposes 
They speak of ye Doctor, to serue their own turne : 
but he is highly commended, jn 54. 68. and worthily, 
as shoold seeme by anie course of his owne, in actes, 
or wordes. 
p. 6 [On ' by reading, counsailing, and pleading, within twentie 
yeares 1 haue gathered and gayned as good as ten thousande 
Ducats': ' îéa mary, this is the righte knowledge: Philo- 
sophie, Poetrie, Logike, and all the rest are but pickling 
sciences in comparison to this':m] o 
[G. H. marks these speeches with a stroke & adds:--] 
'Lawe.' 'J. C.' 
[On the argument to Yocasta :--] 
Summa ferè Tragoediarum Omnium. 
p. 69 [On ' Fortunatus Infa'lix':--] 
lately the posie of Sir Christopher Hatton. 
The, & 4 Acts, doon by M. Kinwelmersh : the rest, 
by M. Gascoigne : the Epilogisme, by M. Yeluerton. 
An excellent Tragedie: full of many discreet, wise 
& deep considerations. Omne genus scripti, grauitate zo 
Tragcedia vincit. Huc Vatsoni Antigone, magnificè 
acta solenni ritu, et verè tragico apparatu: cum pul- 
cherrimis etiam pompis, et accuratissimis thematibus. 
v. 7* [On' the dumme shewes' : 'a king., sitting in a Chariote 
.. drawne in by foure Kinges':] 
Regis tragici Icon, Philostrato digna artifice. 
v. *s4 [On' Beleeue mee Bette, our Countreymcn of late', etc. :] 
English Italians. 
Want of resolution & constancy, marred his witt & 
vndid himself. :30 
»'9: Sum vanity: & more leuity: his special faulte, & 
the continua1 causes of his misfortunes. Many other 
haue maintained themselues gallantly vpon sum one of 
his qualities: nothing fadgeth with him, for want of 

Gascoigne i 6 7 

Resolution, & Constancy in any one kind. He shall 
neuer thriue with any thing, that can brooke no crosses, 
or hath hot learned to make the best of the worst, in 
his Profession. It is no maruell, thowgh he had cold 
5 successe in his actions, that in his studdies, & Looues, 
thowght vpon ye Warres; in the warres, mused vpon his 
studdies, & Looues. The right floorishing man, in 
studdy, is nothing but studdy : in Looue, nothing but 
looue : in warr, nothing but warr. 
o [On the fable of Ferdinando Jeronimi :m] 
{ Leonora, a blasing starr of false Looue. 
Franceschina, a fixed starr of tru vertu. 
The one, a glas of brittle Bewtie ; the other a Mirrour 
of during Honour. 
5 this Fraunces, euer an excellent wench, to touch ye 
quick with her toung, & witt. 
The discouerie of his mistres, a false Diamant. His 
sicknes, & Jealosie did hot help the matter, but did marre 
all. Woomen looue men: & care hot for pore harts, 
zo that cannot bestead them. Especially at the returne of 
his riual, her Secretarie ; it imported him to emprooue 
himself more, then before; & hot to languish like a 
milksopp, or to play the pore shake vpon himself. 
Ladie Elinor woold haue liked the man that woold haue 
25 maintained his possession by force of armes, & with 
braue encounters beat his enimie owt of the feild. 
Ladie Fraunces, a fine & politique gentlewooman : 
a sure freind at a pinch, & a helping hand at euerie 
turne : a good wench, & worthie to be better requited 
:3o for ber kind hart, & effectual loouing dealing. 
[On Gascoigne's final motto ' iV[eritum petere graue':--] 
Meritum petere, vile: capere, generosum. In hoc 
mundo, non loquendum de meritis, sed reuerh meren- 
durn. Jactare industriam, vanum : reipsa extendere, virile. 

p- 19t 

Ç. 214 

p. z76 

p. z9o 

16 8 Gascoigne 



Du Bartas. 


Spcnscr. z r 


Right stress. 

Certayne notes of Instruction concerning the making of 
verse or ryme in English. 
5 leaues, his fiue fingers. 
[On ' I would . . finde some supernaturall cause wherby 
my penne might walke in the superlatiue dcgree ":] 5 
In hoc genere Lucianus excellebat: et post eum 
plerique Itali: maxime Poetœe. 
Aretinus voluit albis equis proecurrere, et esse Vnicus 
in suo quodam hyperbolico genere: Petrarcha, Ariostus, 
Tassus, plus habent et ciuilis ingenij, et heroici animi. ,o 
Nouissimè etiam Sallustius Bartasius, in lingua Gallica, 
ipse est Homerus diuinus. Nihil unquam tale in Gallia. 
His aptest partition had I Inuention 
bene, into precepts of I, Elocution 
And yC seueral rules ofboth, to be sorted & marshialled, 5 
in their proper places. He doth prettily well: but might 
easely haue dun much better, both in the one, & in the 
other: especially by the direction of Horaces, & Aristotles 
Ars Poetica. 
ye difference of ye last verse from ye rest in euerie 2o 
Stanza, a grace in yC Faerie Queen. 
[On passing from one measure to another in the same 
poem--thus from xii-xiv syllables to xiv-xiv] 
An errour (if an error) in sum few Eclogues of Sir 
Philip Sidney. zS 
[On ' )Vatural Emphasis ':] 
y naturall and ordinary Empha[sis] of euery word as, 
uiolêntly : not uiolêntly. 
[-On the word 'Treastre':] 
as I haue heard sum straungers and namely Frenchmen 3o 
pronounce it. Treasfire. sed ineptè. 
The reason of manie a good uerse, marred in Sir 
Philip Sidney, M. Spenser, M. Fraunce, & in a manner 

Gascoigne 6 9 

ail our excellentest poets: in such words, as heuên, êuïl, 
diuêl, & ye like ; made dyssyllables, contrarie to their 
natural pronunciation. 
[On Gascoigne's observation that Chaucer's lines are not 2 
5 of the same number of syllables, but that the longest 
verse to the ear will correspond with that which has 
fewer syllables :--] 
So M. Spenser, & Sir Philip, for ye most part. 
Our poems only Rymes, and hot Verses. rla,,.c 
reformer of 
o Aschami querela. Et meapost illum Reformatio: post out 
me, Sidneius, Spenserus, Francius. 
[On' thrust as few wordes of many sillables into your verse  
as may be . . . tbe more moîmsyllables that you vse, the truer 
Englisbman you shall seeme, and the lesse you sball smell 
 5 of tbe Inkeborne':] 
Non placet. A greate grace and Majesty in longer r«,tr 
words in versc. 
wordes, so they be current lnglish. Monasyllables 
ar good to make upp A hobling and hudling verse. 
[written latcr] Sir Philip Sidney, & M. Spenser of 
zo mie opinion. 
A pithie rule in Sir Philips Apologie for Poetrie. The 
Inuention must guide & rule the Elocution : non contrà. 
Tropes, and figures, lende an esspeciall Grace to A 3 "r,-o,s. 
verse, gallant, & fine. 
25 persecutingofone figure too mutch: bald andchildish. 
[On 'Escbew strauuge words, or obsoleta':] 
Spenser bath reuiued, vncouth, whilom, of yore, 
for thy. 
[On section IO 
3o The stile, sensible, & significant ; gallant, & flowing. 
[On' Gascoigne's direction to follow English idiom, and  
not set the adjective after the substantive :] 
And yet we use to say He is of y bludd royal, and 
not : he is of y" roiall bludd, he is heire apparant to ye 

 7 ° Gascoigne 

Crowne, and not he is apparant heire to ye Crowne. 
Rime Roiall in regula i3, et I4, hot, royal ryme. 
[On forms allowed by poetical licence such as 'ydone, 
adowne, orecome, tane, power for powre, heauen for 
heavn, thewes for good qualities' :m] 
Spe,,«', Ail theise in Spenser,& manie like" but with discretion : 
& tolerably, thowgh sumtime hot greatly commendably. 
4v [On the words, ' In Rithme royall [the pause] is at the 
wryters discretion ':] 
A special note in Sir Philips Apologie for Poetrie. 
The Inglish Pentameter. 
Rime royal. Ryme Royal still carrieth y° credit for a gallant and 
stately verse. 
s, [On 'Poemes . . of terme syllables, whereof the first aunswereth 
in termination with the fourth ; and the second and thirde 
answere eche other : these are more vsed by other nations 
than by vs':--] 
Sidner. Sir Philip vseth this kind often: as in Astrophil, 
Vh.,e,. Mr. Phaers Virgil in a braue long verse, stately & zo 
flowing, y King of owr Inglish metricians. 
[On ' eschue prolixitie':] 
Prolixity in gaudent breuitate moderni. Spenser doth sumtime 
otherwise: & commendably, as y° matter leadeth, y° 
verse floweth, or other circumstance will beare it owt. z5 
[On' tbe long verse of twelue and fouretene sillables, altbough 
it be now adayes vsed in all Ubeames, yet in my iudgement 
it would serue best for Psalmes and Himpnes':] 
sv or sum heroical discourse, or statelie argument. 
Ulve Steele Glas. 30 
a'ite p.,ge Gabriell Haruey 
Speculum Mundi. &ç, «i 
l.ine, I), ^iii" 66. Prouide A cloake, to cooller still your rime- 
G. Whetstone. 
Then worke your will, Apollo oft doth sleepe : 

Gascoigne 7 

But if your wiles do cum to light in tyme, 
To salue sutch misse, sum carelesse seruant keepe, 
Plague him with blame, when you ye proffit reape : 
What if sharpe checkes do putt you in som feare ? 
5 The gayne remaynes; the taunts in tyme doth weare. 
q G.W. 
[After Walter Rawely's verses ' Swete were the sauce, '^ iiij, 
etc. :] 
The enemy to the somach» and word of Dsgrace» 
o Is the Gentlemans naine» that beares the good Face. 
[On the Author to the Reader' • ^iiij- 
' tbere is a sort of faine 
Tbe wbicbe I seeke, by science to assault, 
.4nd so to leaue remembrance of my name':--] 
15 brauamentè. Vt in the complaint of Philomene. 

The naine 
• Rawle)" '. 

better side. 


G. I¢ . to y" Courtier. 
48. For credit sake, you needs must brauely serue : 
And credit won, is quickly worne awaye: 
Gett upp your crummes therefore, ere Grace doth 
2o swerue, 
Fawne still on them, that beare ye greatist swaye : 
Attendaunce dawnce, when others plye there playe: 
The mightiest please, howe so y" mindes af ledd: 
for wisest wittes with sure conceites af fedd. 
With Lawier soone, see thou thyselfe acquainte : 
W c» knowes what gifts ar in ye Princes handes : 
What lies concealde by reason of attainte : 
What fee, what farine, amonge his leiges lands 
Drawes to an ende; that clarkly understands 
30 What office yeelds A gaine aboue ye rest : 
What penall lawe to begg for the, is best. 
50. Who finely drawes a pattent for a neede : 
And pattents see you allwayes haue in stoare ; 

J ij" Lines by 
G. Whetstone. 

 7OE Gascoigne 


• Harvey 
agalnst 'But 
use' writes 
• Refuse'. 


P. Plasmos, 

A tyme may serue, when haply you may speed, 
W « fitted not so well A yeare before : 
And by y" way, this care have euermore, 
Well to foresee, to whome you wray your minde, 
Lest in your sutes you slender fauour finde. 5 
Your charge is greate: shift therefore for your selfe: 
for facion sake, yet flatter to their face: 
But use  no course, in prowling upp of pelfe: 
And if mishap doth throwe one owte of grace, 
Be reddy preast, to prease into his place: l O 
for why ? your ioy comes by your neighbors thrall: 
Then make hOt nyce, to rise where he doth fall. 
he complaynt of Phylomene. I576. 
Coosiners, Cheaters. 
This monstrous mate, had neede ofthousand shiftes;, 5 
To feede y" thoughtes of those, whose forme he 
beares : 
A Lawiers hedd he hath, full stuft w th drifts : 
A simple looke, to free resh youthes of feares : 
A flatterers tunge, to fecde beleeuing eares : 2o 
A harlots face, to witch with wanton sight : 
A tyrants hart, to wound the harmeles wight. 
A scriueners fist : a lackies legg to trudge : 
A merchants mind, to Mountaines that aspires: 
A gluttons throte to shewe he is no snudge, z5 
What gaine may be, ungleand, this monster then 
desires ? 
What youth vnspoild, whose wreake this fiend 
conspires ? 
q' G. W. 
P. Plasmos description of Couseners. 
A Lawiers hedd, to drawe a crafty deede : 
A Harlotts looke, to witch with wanton sight : 

Turler "  73 


A flatterers tonge, with sugred words to feede : 
A Tyrants harte, to wounde ye harmeles wight : 
To fowle w t' cheere A greedy gluttons gorge: 
A Merchants mouth, of falshood truth to forge. 
A scriueners fist, by nimblenes to race, 
To scrape, to forge, to counterfett a naine: 
A lackies legg, to trudg in euery place: 
A desperate minde, w «' dreades 11o kind of shame 
[On 'lnd yet could 1, if so it were my minde, 
For harïnony, set al these babes to schole':] 
Drants aspiring spirit. 


çhe çraveiler of Ierome çurler. . iï»., by tP'ilL How for 
ztkr. Iéa]e London I_çT ç 
Gabrielis Harueij [cut down] 
Gabriel Haruey. 
Methodus apodemica Zuingel'i. 
Ex dono Edmundi Spenserij, Episcopi 
Secretarij. 1578. 
2o -Against Finis of Table of Contents :--] 
The excellent Tract of Albert Meier; intituled 
Special Instructions for gentlemen trauelers, marchants 
venturers, students, soldiours, mariners, &c. employed in 
seruices abrode, or anieway occasioned to conuerse in the 
25 gouernements offoren princes. (Typcosmia Apodemica) 
[Some pages later, just belote treatise begins :] 
The Treasure for Trauelers. Conteining necessarie 
matters for all Trauelers, bie Sea, or bie Land. bie 
William Bourne. 78. " 


Title page 

Roffensis The book a gift 
from Spenser. 

^i Booksby 
A. Meier, 

W. Eourne, 

A mirrour for Mathematiques: or the Trauelers R. Tanner. 
Felicitie. bie Robert Tanner. I587. 
Both for y Mathematiques more competent, then 
either Turler, or Zuinger, or Mcier himself. 

 74; Grafton 


p. t9z 

y delicate realme of Naples. happye Campania. 
Naples Noble. Rome Greate. Venice Ritch. Florence 
legi pridie Cal. Decembres. I578. Gabriel Haruey. 

Small p. 7 6 
gains make 
Causes of 


h« Pst Fr divers ?arm / th« rld . PMdish«d 
Richard Rowlands. London. 1576. 
Dic, quot quadrantes tua septimana valebit, 
Tot solidos, tot denarjos tuus Annus habebit 
First he, and they: then this, and that: io 
Next thus & then: last where, and what. 
herein consist causes of Instance. 
Cnceptiones verborum ad matrimonium contrahen- 
dum aptœe. 
I will be thine, quoth she to me: 1 
Now I am thine, say I to the : 
from her hereby now am I fre, 
And yet thus bownd, unbownd may be. 
Turne ouer now, mark, reade, & see, 
And then prouyde acordingle. 2o 
Fast bynde, fast fynde. 
»,,2 [After the concluding sentence of' Elizabeth.. to whom 
God graunt long to reygne':m] 
King James. 

Title page 

The author's 

[R. GRAFTON] 2 5 
at London by Ihon VValey.  576. 
Gabrielis Harueij. 
Emptus Eboraci, I576. mense Augusto. 
bie Richard Grafton, newly quoted for ye planetarie 3o 
howers (&c) in ye preface to y Thowsand notable things. 

Hopperus x 7  

Mores Prognostication, for 34. yeares, notable, & ^i- Astro- 
loglcal prognos- 
necessarie. The Mariners file, in Mores prognostication, tlcations. 
Bakers rules of the Ephemerides & Digges general 
prognosticatîon. Ista vulgaria ignorare, i,,,r,«;v est. 
S [Against 'January ":] ^ 
Clara dies Pauli, bona tempora denotat Anni : The Conver- 
sion of St. Paul. 
Si fuerint venti, designat proelia genti : 
Si fuerint nebuloe, pereant (?) Animalia gula. 
[Against ' February" :] ^ 
o A faire Candlemas, a fowle Lent. 
Ely. riii* Ely. 
Hoec sunt Elioe, lanterna, capella Marioe, 
Et molendinum, et multum dans vinea vinum. 
, Hœec sunt Cambrisoe, durty streates, et halfpeny pisoe. 
Kingston vppon Hull. H.,l. 
Hœec sunt Hullina, Humber quodlings, et bona vina. 
[Against Faires in EnglandJuly OE 5- On S. James day :] 
[adds.] At Audlie ende, bie Walden. 
2o Gabrielis Harueij, et amicorum. 
One of mie York pamflets I576. then fitt for mie 
natural & mathematical, studies, & exercises in Pem- 
brooke Hall. 
z D. Ioachimi Hopperi. In veram Iurisprudentiam 
Isagoge. Colonie x 580- 
Labor, cibus, potus, somnus, Venus: Omnia Medio-on flyleaf , v 
Moderatlon in 
cria. ail things. 
Ad ruborem, non ad sudorem: ad necessitatem, et 
o salutem, non ad satietatem. 
ep.,t[a» non rravovpT[a. 
• torov[% nos rovrov(a. 
non est viuere, sed valere vita. 

1 7 6 Hopperus 

,,,y ,..,, bi, Si tibi deficiant Medici, Medici tibi fiant 
own doctor. 
Hoec tria: Mens Hilaris, Labor, et moderata Dieta. 
assiduus potiùs, quam immodicus. 
gymnastice, frictiones titillantes, at temperatœe. 
Seize lhe Aut llunc, aut nunquam 
,,o,e,t. [Hodie mihi, cras tibi vnum necessarium. 
ll«e-«r I. (Prudentia Duce; Comite Temperantia.) 
t..i,, «,,- Quicquid agis, prudenter agas, ac respice Finem: 
Inque Vsu, exque Vsu sit tibi, quicquid agis. 
OE. (Tithonus, Auroroe filius.) 
Surgere manè cit6, spacium peragrareque sero; 
Hoec facient lœetos homines, sanosque, iocundosque. 
3- (Dioeta tenuis, et calida.) 
Oua recentia, Vina rubentia, pinguia Jura, 
Cure simila pura ; Naturoe sunt valitura. 
4- (succus, et sanguis, humidum, et calidum radicale.) 
Ebrius, atque Satur, nunquam benè philosophatur : 
Nolo saginari, sed volo corpus ali. 
5- (luge à moroso, et Melancholico: aut visus sit tui 
materia illius miseria, tua foelicitas.) 
Spiritus exsultans facit, ut tua floreat oetas: 
Loetjor omnis homo, pulchrior omnjs homo. 
6. (Ne quid nimis. Angli vitium.) 
Parca manus, labor assiduus, designat habere : 
Larga manus, labor jnsolitus, desistit habere. 
7. (Mea Trinitensis dioeta, et exercitatio. Coesariana 
Principium lauda, quod consequitur bona cauda. 
G. H. Hebdomas. 
Horat. Viue memor, quàm sis breuis oeui. 
ne major labor, quàm fructus, aut honor. 
He that hath all his naturall pwers and actions lusty, 
and is himself of A stronge & hard complexion, leading 
lais lyre in continuall labour, may safely eate y strongist 






Hopperus  7 7 

meates: but he that is ofA weak boddy, & liueth idely, 
must be f.edd with ye weakist meate, & w tJ' that w «J' is 
easy of" digestion, & wyll soonist be turnid into good 
iuyce, & blood. 
Nihil conf'us, aut perturbat • 
Omnia prudenti facilitate expedienda : 
leui, promptoque pollice, dexterb: distincte: discretè. 
We schollers make an Asse of" owr bodye, & witt. 
what f'oolishnes, & maddnes, to studdy af'ter meate? 
being so extremely pernicious hot only to y° stomok, 
& nutrition: but to y brayne, witt & memory? Lancton. 
çSmell y° sauer of Musk, Camamell, Redd roses: 
drynk wyne measurabely : eate sage, but hot too much : 
keepe y° hed warme" wash your hands of.ten" walk 
measurabely : sleep measurabely" heere lytle noyse of 
Musique, or singars: eate Mustard, or pepper: wash 
ye Temples with rose water 
ç ç Good for y brayne. 
AIl manner of" braynes ; Gluttony; Dronkennes: late 
suppers : to sleepe much af'ter meate ; corrupt Ayers ; 
Anger; heauines of mynde: to stande much bare 
headdid; to eate too much, or hartely; too much heate; 
too much watching ; too much cowld ; Mylk, Cheese, 
ail manner of" nutts, much bathyng, Onyons, Garlyke, 
greate noyse, or to smd| to A whyte Rose 
ç  Ill for y brayne. 
[later] Memorioe officiunt, quoecunque moderatam 
siccitatem jmpediunt; siue ad nimiam trahunt siccitatem, 
siue ad superfluentem humiditatem. 
Wheate, rye, and wheat broth, and ryesse ar of good 
iuyce,& be gentle, and uery meet for y stomake, making 
it moderately hott: barly broth, sure call it ptisane, mylk, 
& sort cheese, & ail byrdes of yemyddle order, with 
sure of y" bygger, as feysant, pccock, curlcw and capon, 

Study aftcr 

Flyleaf z" 
What is good 
for the brain. 

What is bad 
for the brain. 

A good s.holo- 
some diet. 

17 8 Hopperus 

An tmwhole- 
some diet. 

A wholesome 

breed & ingender uery good iuyce : and of fysshes, such 
as be betwene tender, and hard, as mulletts, pykes, 
gurnardes, and perches. And of herbes, as lettuce, 
mallowes, cucumers, and gowrdes: of egges, such as 
be rere, & softe: (houbeit hard egges ar of A uery 5 
stronge nourishment, and softe, & rere of A weake) : 
of fruyte, ail that be swete, and also sweet wyne ; & to 
conclude, ail fatt, & clammy flesh. 
Cerebrum delicatè fouendum, studiosis. Doctor 
Gregorius de Memoria. 
Myll, barly and all powdrid flesh, and also ail sault 
fysh, and owld cheese, and yC grayne lyke pease, called 
fytchcs, certayn rootes also, as rapes, & raddysh, and 
moreouer beetcs, thyme, onyons, garlyk, hysop, rue, 
fenel, cumyne, dyll, musterdseede, lyekes; and also '5 
myltes, kydneyes, and entrales, allmost of euery grcat 
beast, breedith euyll iuyce, and nawghty bludd: further- 
more all sowcr, and tarte fruytes, and finally ail thynges, 
that be sharp, tart, or bytter ; & allmost all fyshe that 
lyue in fennes, lakes, or muddy pondes, or such as we zo 
call ouergrowen fyshe. 
All sharp, & tarte meates, & such as be lyghtely 
powderid, be uery meete, & holsom for yC stomoke: 
& beside these, vnleunid bread, ryse, or ptysanes, & 
all wyld fowle, hauing whyte flesh; & of domesticall 25 
meates, beafe hath no fellow. Of other beastes, ye leane 
better for y" stomoke, then y" fart: and beside these, 
swynes feete, & eares, & y° woombes ofbarrayn beastes. 
of herbes lettyce, pasneppes, & sodden cucumers: of 
fruyte cheryes, mulberyes, tender peares, orenges and 3o 
quynces, stepid grapes, reere egges, pyneapples, whyte 
olyues sokid in sharpe Vineger, or else black, that were 
not gatherid before they were thorowgh type, or else 
haue bene kepte in sweete wyne. 

Hopperus 179 

(All meates, w h ingender good iuyce, be hOt good for 
ye stomock.) 
All hote meates, all salt meates, all manner ofpottages, Tit|e page. 
An unwhole- 
all thynges that be uery sweet, ail fatty meates, all sup- some diet. 
 pinges, & leuenid bread, & oyle that is ruade of myll, 
or barly, & salades, that be sawcid with sault, & oyle : all 
manner ofcheese, mylk, greene figges, & dry ; and finally 
all that ingender wynde, do greatly hurt y stomack. 
Gabrielis Harueij 58. 
o , « fir: v 
Vitoe summa breuis, spem nos vetat inchoare longam. 
Semper nocuit differre paratis. 
Nimia omnia, nimium exhibent negotium. 
ride et zelo. 
Th. Smithus, Legum Doctor transmarinus et pro- 
$ir T. Smith's 
fessor Cantabrigiensis: paulo etiam post Eques Auratus, di 
bout to stud 
'Tenenda sunt' inquit ' Multarum Legum principia.. 
2otanquam Civium nomina: non est ignorandus sensus 
quasi eorundem dignitas et ordo: vis et ratio Legis tan- 
quam vultus et habitus oris: inspicienda arque agnos- 
cenda est. neque est illud ignorandum quoe cuique 
vicina sit Lex: quoe cognata et tanquam anis: qu 
25 quasi lnimica et contraria.' 
In hoc genere excellebat Ludouicus Protonotarius : pt,ti,. 
omnes Leges et paragraphas ad unguem repetens; quasi 
de scripto Aut non omninS, aut omnino insigniter. 
Coesar ipse destinabat, Jus Ciuile ad Certum Modum  
intention of 
o redigere : atque ex diffusa, immensaque Legum copia codlfing 
Optima quoeque, et Necessaria in paucissimos confcrre " 
Libros. Sueton. in Coes. Ver id fuisset Jus Coesareum ; 
nec dubitaremus, Commentarios Ciuiles, Bellicis Com- 
mentarijs antestare; Vnumque Coesarem vtriusque militioe 

18o Hopperus 

principem agnoscere; et vtriusque Imperatoriœe Artis 
Regium professorem prœedicare. 
The way ,, S" Soepe rogare : rogata tenere : retenta docere ; 
to |earn. 
Haec tria discipulum faciunt superare magistrum. 
Eheu, quàm breuibus pereunt ingentia causis ! 5 
Exer«is, x6 Bycause Exercise doth clense & purge y* lytle pores, 
before meals. 
& also expell the Excrementes; it may most conuen- 
iently be taken before meate, for Hippocrates sayth: 
If thou nurrish wcleane boddies, & such as are full of 
excrements : thou shalt do them more harm, then good. o 
l. to purge ye body of excrementes, 
Vaue of Exercise neces- open, dense, purg ye pores. 
««ri,« saryfor2.causes. 2. to chaung it from a worse state to 
A better. 
l. hardenes & strongnes ofy « lymmes,, 5 
or of such partes, as be exercized: 
whereby these 2. encrease of naturall heate: w t* 
3- followe, stronger concoction. 
3- swifier & ofiner & stronger moou- 
ing of y spiritts. ,o 
Th« tire« for Exercise mus be taken after soin reasonabledigestion: 
determined by otherwise it wyll ff/Il y body full of rude, & rawe humors: 
the urine, or else augment pale, & cytrine choler. 
The true mark by y vryne. 
Whyt-water betokenith crudity : redd, overmuch zs 
concoction (when it hath taken ouermuch of choler): 
somwhat pale, & A lytle turnid to yellow, A token that 
ye second concoction is alreddy donn. (betwixt redd, 
& whyte, tyme to begin exercise.) 
ae 6" Gratia fit pluris, quàm tota scientia Juris. Utraque 30 
need of learn- 
ingandof coniuncta illustrissimos Papinianos, et gloriosissimos 
in,,enc« Tribonianos effecit; apud suos principes singulariter 
m " ' 
gratiosos; apud omnem populum agnlfice honoratos. 

Hopperus  8  

Schematismi Nomologici, cum Euschematismis Prag- 
maticis ; et quoestus, et auctoritatis gignunt plurimum; 
aliosque Jurisconsultos, alijs excellentiores faciat, pluris- 
que oestimatos ; et antepositos. 
5 Termes of Law: Institutions: & Natura Breuium:'7 Howto 
begin the study 
w rb Powltons poenal Statutes. a compendious Introduc-of Common 
tion into ye Common Law. L,w. 
Beasti me, optime et prudentissime Hoppere, tuis Vraise of 
istis insignibus Libellis, aureolis totius iurisprudentioe book. 
o fundamentis. Quibus tare solidè tamque conspicuè iactis, 
quis non gaudeat in hoc magnificum, atque illustre stu- 
dium acerrimè incumbere ? Nullum adhuc Legi Juris- 
consultum qui me uel allexerit iucundiùs, ve1 instruxerit 
uberiUs. Salue mi proestantissime Hoppere, qui me 
, proficiendi artem, in excellentissima professione dex- 
terrimè, maturimeque docuisti. Mihi equidem egregie 
conducunt tres Analyses: Freigii ratio generalis logica: 
Hopperi ratio specialis j uridica: Vigelii et Marantoe ratio 
specialissima pragmatica. Cure Bodini tandem politica 
zo ratione censoria. 
Si uisus ab obieito nimis excellenti offendatur, prorsus  • The care 
of eyesight. 
aduersus color est adhibendus : ut si ex solis splendore 
loedatur, Niger adhibeatur. Reficiuntur autem oculi colore 
coeruleo, ac fusco: et superficie politis, et pellucidis: ut 
=f speculis, aqua profluenti. &c. Si cui fatigatio ex animi 
motibus, ac laboribus contigerit: (obiecto mutato) ali6 
animus, ac sensus recipiantur, in quo haud ita laboret: 
à diflîcilibus ad faciliora, arque iocunda. 
Mihi Freigij analysis logica: Hopperi iuridica"; 'y 
ratior has 
3oVigelij pragmatica. Bodi,fi tandem politica. In que ito,, 
• jurispruderice 
acutè exami,andoe Francica Jurisprudentia ferè regm demardlng our 
apud Bucherellum : Anglicana propè etiam regia apud study. 
Couellum: Veneta fer aristocratica apud Contarenum: 
Heluetica propè democratica apud Simlerum: nonnulloe 

I 8 2 Hopperus 

xx 4" 
Maxims from 

Regimen good 
for the sight. 

Regimen bad 
for the sight. 

Thing good 
for the heart. 

Things bad 
for the heart. 

Italicœe mixtœe apud nostrum Thomasium: Cuiusque 
gentis, atque status sua ferme plus minusJurisprudentia, 
oequis politicoe analyseos ponderibus trutinanda sem- 
perque proprijs. 
Mulcaster woold haue ye Actions of ye Boddy, and 5 
Mynde, to continu " strong 
long. towgh. 
Morning before Meate, ye fittist Tyme for exercise. 
Walking, an Antidote, or Counterreceyt against Death. 
Great, and swift Exercises, will abate, and pull downe ,o 
the flesh: small, and slow will fatt, & thicken it. 
He that eatith much, and sleepith much, must exercise 
Litle eating: lytle sleepe: lytle, or no exercise. 
Redd Roses, Verueyn rootes, fenell, salendine, pim- '5 
pernell, Oculus Christi ; to wash your eies with cleere 
water, or to looke uppon green coloures; measurable 
sleepe; to looke in A fayer glasse; often washing of yo r 
handes, & feet, & it makith your meate digest well. 
Good for the sight, zo 
To studdy after meate; Garlyk, Onyons, Leekes, 
Lettyce, too sudden going after meate, & wynes ; whott, 
or cowld aier, Drunkenes, gluttony: mylk, cheese, 
much behowlding of bright thinges ; and as euill, redd 
thinges, as whyte ; much sleepe after meate, too much z5 
walking after meate ; & too much letting blood, cowld 
wortes, fyre, dust, too much weeping, & ouer much 
watching: Euyll for ye sight. 
Saffron, burrage, musk, cloves, Galingall, nutmeggs, 
ye redd rose, violetts, sugar, maces best of all: Good for 3o 
y hart. 
Beanes, pease, leeks, garlyk, onyons ; sadnes, Anger, 
dreade, too much trauell, to drynk cowld water after 
trauayl, & euill tydinges: Ill for y hart. 

Hopperus  8 3 

Labor; Cibus; Potus; Somnus; Venus; 
In Victu, in uestitu, in ploerisque aliis; 
Maior enim Medijs gratia rebus inest. 
Ambulatiunculœe, Equitatiunculoe, natatiunculoe, por- 
tatiunculoe, gladiatiunculoe, frictiunculoe. 
Duœe Imperatorioe Artes, Leges, et Arma : veroe illoe .' 
quidem Artes Artium, scientioe scientiarum, ipsœeque 
Animœe florenfissimarum Rerumpublicarum. 
Coesar ipse, Jus laboriosissimè, et seuerissimè dixit : 
ait Suetonius in Coesare. Vtriusque Militioe princeps, 
tare Togatoe, quàm Armatoe ; et Romanœe Virtutis Unica 
In pace, ad Leges, ad Leges : In bello, ad Arma, ad 
Princeps Erasmi, Patritij, Eliotoe, Osorij, Heresbachij, 
Sturmij, potius Legumlator, quàm Bellator: Princeps 
Machiauelli, et Volaterrani, magis Bellator quam LL. 
Leuis, et puerilis Ingenij est, cure perueneris ad, 
Quanquam te Marce fili, denu6 iam descendere ad, 
Batte mi fili, Batte : aut posteaquam prœeterieris, Arma, 
Virumque Cano: nihilomin us redire, ad Titire, tu patuloe. 
Certè prudentis est, neque dediscere, quoe discenda 
merit6 videbantur ; neque discere, quoe judicari possunt 
Lycurgica, et Socratica omnia, Agrapha, Rheta, 
Mnemonica, Empirica, practica, Çosmopolitica: vrbica, 
Aulica, demagogicè popularia, basilicè regia : postrem6 
consuetudinaria, localiaque maximè. 
Quoe conueniebant mixto, et confuso statui Romanoe 
Reipublicw non possunt vsquequaque congruere sim- 
plicibus, merisque Monarchijs. Compositus, et multiplex 

omnia The golden 


and Arms. 

P. 3 

P-4 Do hot 
go back in Four 

The rules of 
LFcurgus and 

Laws for 
rcpublics and 
Laws for 

I 8 4 Hopperus 

Hopperu and 

Rome. p. 255 

p. z6, 
A good teacher 

p. 264 

The p. z66 
method of 

A ol's p. z67 

Law. p. z89 

status, multas Juris species admittebat, proesertim Demo- 
cratica Plebiscita ; et Oligarchica Senatusconsulta; quoe 
Regno uix, ac ne uix quidem quadrabunt. 
Hopperus, animoe dimidium Justinianeoe, vt Vigelius, 
alterum dimidium. Alter iuris Hercules, alter, Theseus. 5 
Ambo mei indiuidui duces, et comites. 
Roma, diu Centrum sacrarum Linearum: hodiè multi 
Circuli Eccentrici. 
Gabriel Haruejus. 58o. 
Da mihi auctorem, intima suœe professionis principia, io 
peritè efficacitèrque declarantem : et multa paucis com- 
plectentem vtilissimè. Nec Cuiacius, nec Roeuardus, nec 
plœerique omnes Critici, tanti, ad ipsam rem. 
h-, Imperiale, satis «bOv-o,;,,, : sed, 8- Rationale, 
magis «;,r,;«ro,,. «bTo;« : oculata rides. 15 
A nullo professore plus requiritur subtilis ingenij, et 
acris indicij, quàm à Jure Co1:sulto. 
Tum demum ascendit animus perfectissimè, cum ab 
omni affectu purgatus, abiecta M ultitudine, ad Vnitatem 
fertur absolutissimè. o 
Socrates, more Empirico, et mechanico, otaries Artes 
scientiasque tractabat; paucissimis prœeceptis atque regulis; 
exemplis experimentisque plurimis ; et proesenti statim 
praxi, iterum atque iterum approbatis; et quotidiana 
exercitatione, magis magisque confirmatis ; et familiari, 5 
perpetuoque vsu, ipsius perfectionis excellentissimum 
habitum maturantibus ; tam foelicissimo successu, quam 
solertissimo judicio, et compendio expeditissimo. 
Habens memoriam Inordinatam, proesumitur fatuus. 
Alexander j.c. 30 
Mali, metu poenoe } { sub Lege. 
politici, spe proemij viuunt In Lege. 
boni, amore virtutis supra legem. 

Hopperus 18 5 

The natural vse ofTestimonies, is, To prooue, where 
dowbtjs, hot to accloy, where all is cleare. Mulcaster, 
positions c. 3- Solum id operœeprecium : reliquus omnis 
apparatus, non nisi pro forma, et ad humorem Temporis. 
s Gregorius autemjn Arte mirabili, distinguit; apud doctos, 
et disciplinis jmbutos, prouidendum, vt tunc maximè 
locis ab autoritate traductis, ornamentum sumat oratio. 
Nimirum tam pompoe, qua»t fidei ergo. 
Non licuit de Lege Mosis, aut Christi disputare, 
,o aut earum Legum rationes perscrutari : vt etiam scribit 
Galenus lib _. de diff'eret, pulsuu»: Lib I Codicis, 
Titulus I. De summa Trin. et ride Cath. et ut nemo 
publicè de ea contendere audeat. 
Sic Turcis vetitu»t, disputatione»t de aliquo Alchorani 
 sui Capite instituere, quod etiam nonnulli sunt alibi 
moliti : sed pl0erisque hoc tyrannidem quandam videtur 
sapere. Quanquam alia legis, alia religionis ratio: quippe 
qua: ride potiùs credenda, quàm ratione disceptanda. 
Problema Trinitense Petri Vithipoli, legum bac- 
2ocalaurij, illiusque aulœe socij. Vithipolus respondens. 
Ego, et Gardinerus opponentes, magna expectatio: 
satisfactio competens. Vithipolus se ipso paulo iuris- 
[On 'De ministris Ecclesiasticoru;n':] 

p. 309 The 
use of evience. 

3 ° 

p. 364 Thc 
law of Moscs 
or Christ above 

as to the Turks 
thc law of 

P-373 A dis- 
putation at 
Trinity H-II. 

Institutiones, Legum plenissimœe; et hic quartus Ele- 
mentorum : cure regulis iuris, eodem ordine digestis à 

P- 399 
Against intermedling in temporal1 and Ciuill affayres Cartwright. 

18 6 Hopperus 

A diet p. $03 
for the melan- 

Law p. $04 
has a 'oman*s 

of mind» 

shown in 

Gardiner» &c. 

Flyleaf z 
Act promptly 

Proeter modum tristes vinum bibant boraginatum, 
buglossatum: et in quo citrago 1, et radices * gel madu- 
erint: et musicœe aliquo genere permulceantur. 
1 ye hearb, baulme, baulme gentle: Apiastrum : 
Melyssa: Melissaphillon, wherein bees greatly 5 
• geum, ye hearb Auens. 
borago. ' 
buglossos, vel buglossum, buglossos  
Lex foemina est: vt Fortuna: non Vir, non Deus. io 
quis expectet à Muliere, quantumuis incorrupta, per- 
petuam constantiam ? Sit Astroea, virgo illibata, et integra: 

sit Themis Dea: at fceminei sexus sunt. Verbum 
intelligenti sat. 
The Rota in Roome, much lyke the Court of" th' '5 

Obelyscolychnion. pluribus jntensus, minor est ad 
singula sensus. 
Audiui sa:pe P. Bayronem, Medicorum nostroe oetatis 
facil principem ; quoties ei aliquid accuratum, jncerto o 
auctore, offerri contingeret ; ira dicentem ; Opifex hic, 
quisquis est, haud alibi uacat. Gribaldus de Methodo 
Juris studendi : unde etiam asserit, hinc Bartolum tam 
cit6 euasisse tantum Jureconsultum ; etiam admodùm 
adhuc Adolescentem. Vnum necessarium, z5 
So M. Gardiner. Thurgood. Spite. Robert Harvey 
&c. with no great study, reasonable proficients. 
Proecipit Plato No#,v n vt singuli Ciues unam tantum- 
modo Artem discant: unam exerceant: ex qua sibi victum 
parent. Ne Hercules contrà Duas. 3o 
Il risoluto, spedito. 
Tempus deliberando perditur: agendo proficimus. 
Coesariana Dexteritas. 

Hopperus 18 7 

Hilaris animus, et hilaris frons, perpetuum conoiuium. 
Res age, quœe prosunt : rursus vitare memento, a,t aright. 
In quibus error jnest, nec spes est certa Laboris. 
Nihil frustra, nihil illusorium, aut vanum. 
Maneggiare le cose del mondo, rrle.,f - 
Temporeggiare con gli accidenti del mondo. 
Vt in voluptate cor dilatatur, et erigitur: 'iela hot to 
ira tristitia, arque oegritudine contrahitur, atque de- 
d,p««« corporis bX«M« linguoe. The weii- 
endowed man. 
bOvtaf« animi bq, wv[« vocis. 
Podagra : A common dissease in y feete, namid vqy ""f" 
,t The gout. 
gowte, rysing of y" course of superfluous humors to 
place: by occasion of continuall surfetting» vehement 
going, excessiue riding, immoderate vse of lechery, or 
such lyke causes: y" principall matter being sumtyme 
bludd; sumtyme fleame; sumtyme choler, or Melan- 


choly ; sumtyme mixt. 
foeda. Tibul. 
tarda. Horat. 
turpis. Virgil. 

nodosa. Ouid 
locuples. J uuenal 
podagricus, gowty. 

Mulcaster comendith, A strong, & dry body. A goo« 
Lancton. If melancholy be mixt w t flegme, it makith 
him slowthfull withowt all meane, or measure. 
2 Lerning speakith. Looue me Litle, and Looue me 
Alexander Magnus, mortuus Anno oetatis xxxiii orbis v»«e«  T, 
early achieve- 
ante Victor. mcnt of 
B.C. Eheu quàm miserum est, eu,n esse inter viros 'u'na¢" 
30semihominem, qui esse percupiat inter Heroas semi- 
Deum. M.P. 

In play do no 

Mcn to avoid. 

Titlc page 
Practice makes 

Epis. Ded. p. 
Promise and 

Avoid ib. p. 3 
ail excess. 

I 8 8 Foorth 

S. GuAzzo 
La Civil Convesatione del 8. 8tefano Gvazzo. 
Yenetia 15 8 I. 
1582. Gabrielis Harueij. 
[Against a page of Tavola 
Play with me & hurt me hOt: 
Jest with me & shame me hot. 
[At end of çavola :--] 
Da medico rognoso ; Dio mi 
Da Alchimista stracchiato : 
Da monaco ingrossato : 

} A notable rule 
of Ciuilitie. 


loannis Foorth 8ynopsis Politica. Londini Hpud Henricum 
Binneman Typogr«phum. Hn. 1582 
Gabrielis Harueij  5 
The Hunter euery day exerciseth his greyhownde, 
to keepe him in breath, and continuaunce. Apelles' 
prentice must euery day drawe A lyne (Sola mors, ultima 
linea) at ye least. 
Vse Legges, & haue Legges: Vse Law and haue Law. 2o 
Vse nether & haue nether. 
Liberality prommiseth :  Sunday wordes: & 
Coouetousnes performeth. J Satterday cheare. 
Jasons dubble fee: extend all to ye dooble valu atleast. 
Fees officies & rewards to be improoued to y uttermost. 25 
You must neuer be ruade A wanton, neuer seduced 
with this or that uanity, carnality, or foolery. Ail yo * 
tyme ouer little for greater matters. Intemperantia, pestis 
animi, corporis, fortunœe. Tenuis et calida Diœeta: Venus 
aut nulla, aut quàm rarissima. Vinum pestis mei corporis 30 
propret nimis prœecipitem nutritionem, prœesertim affec- 
tarum partium. 

Foorth  8 9 

Neuer lullabyed, or babyfied. A fooles paradise. B« hot out- 
A younger brother, neuer coosenid, or Vncled. 
Prooue any masteries with A dexterity Euer cautelously. 
Vinum, per epenthesin Venenum. 
Open ye fluddgates of yo r eloquence & knowledg in Cltivate 
euery kynde A curtizan Tongue. Ulissea procella cloq,.«.«« 
eloquentiœe ; instar hyberni torrentis. A flowing & full 
The greatist Quœestionist in ye world: & of ail men, 
1ohow proegnant soeuer, the most curious Inquisitiue. 
more liuely, & nimble in euery Intelligence, of know- 
lege, or practis, then any pragmatical. 
Abundantissimoe Opes, et Amici. My dooble Canon. 
Alexander, Pyrrhus, Caesar had enowgh : and might 
haue lyued in A soueraigne degree of Honour, & weakh, 
withowt any such trauayle, or hazard, as they susteinid: 
accordingto that schoolish arguing ofCyneas to Pyrrhus: 
A mette Theme for Cyneas: but an unfitt Argument for 
Pyrrhus. Lord, what continual Toyle they endure, what 
perpetual aduentures, & ieoperdyes ; as well nightes as 
dayes, in ail weathers, to win glory, & to make proofc 
ofthere Vertu & Valour ? how much more owght we to 
besturr & extend owrselues that want ail that good is ? 
Euen Lewd Gascoigne, when ail was prodigally spent, Gascolgne's 
thowght to repayre himselfe by magnanimity & I ndustry: reformation. 
as he professed to Mv L. Gray of Wilton. he acknow- 
legith his loytering & lubbering, when ye sonne shyned 
in y" Maymoone of his youth: & therfore was now 
striuing to load y Cart, euen when it rayned. 
Kutt of al such fooleryes & uanityes as may any-Ria ro-r,elf 
of ail weak- 
way stay or stopp your course. Alexander was most ,«,c. 
straungely continent for woomen : Coesar vsed them but 
politiquely, to serue his turne for bewraing of secrets &c. 
Alcxander giuen sumwhat to wyne, in Imitation of 

ib. p. ¢ Be 

]Ioney and 
ib. p. 5 Be 
dauntless in 
pursuit of ).our 
own good. 

19 ° Foorth 

ib. p6 
of Ely. 

ib. P-7 
Harvey and a 
lady of the 

The vay to 

Mr. Earle. 

Attach yourself 
to some great 

Achilles : but so that it made him more furious, & more 
actiue, neuer hinderid his Impetuosity. Coesar was euer 
vini, cibique parcissimus & sobrius. But all mens defaultes 
must be defalced, to excell ail men. Make yourselfe 
known to ye best & highest, To be such, & such. s 
Mr. Haruey of Mr. Arthenstall ofEly. He knoweth 
many thinges, & hath great experience diuerse wayes, 
& is A very skillfull man in sundry matters (myself 
know him to be audacious, & faierspoken). 
My brother Richards report of A Gentlewooman o 
Courtier in Syr James Croftes chamber in ye Court. 
That she spake so rowndly, finely, and sweetly, that her 
voyce seemed not to cure owt of A boddy of flesh, but 
owt of sure more pure and diuine Creature. A very 
Angels voyce. ' s 
I. Art. 
Three causes of  Industry without art. Experi- 
mentes of ail fortunes. Great 
mariages, sure egregious Act. 
3 Seruice in warr, in peace, zo 
M. Proestons report of Earle. that he woold worke 
and frame as he lysted, euen him that cam unto him 
with this setlid persuasion, not to be deceauid, or inticid 
by him ; as if he had been A witch : in so much that 
sure in deed accounted him A witch, z5 
M. Earle was hable to trayne and allure any man to 
an), purpose. Yet his Education but marchantlyke: 
first A facto r beyound y sea: synce an Agent. A popular 
Rhetorique and Logique sensibely and sweetly applyed 
might haue addid far greater perfection. 3o 
Warriers ar to deuote themselues to sure ualiant 
especial nobleman, or singular Captayn of most famous 
Valu : professors of more ciuil lerning, ar to follow and 
serue those lernid, and wyse Honorable personages, unto 

Foorth  9 t 

whome y State hath committed such auctorityes, and 
functions : and principally sure on of principal hability 
and p6wer, that can iudg, may pleasure, and wyll accept. 
Craue & haue. 
May looue aske leaue, & haue leaue ? leaue to play. 
looue will creepe, where it can not goe. 
Owld Doctor Kenoll of Oxford, To me sumtyme 
attending his ; Doctor Humfry ; and three other cheefe 
Doctors cumpany: and sumtyme accompanying other 
younger gentlemen, my inferiour guestes ; Agis fabulam 
motoriam- My Answer ; Utinam promotoriam. His 
Reply, Omnia tempus habent. My reioynder: Sed 
Tempus intempestivum, non est Tempus. His Tripli- 
cation: Yet I know a gentleman giueth for his posey, 
Ser6, sed certo. My quadruplication : Spes, bona cornes 
maloe fortunoe. But I thank you Syr, for yo r first motory: 
and remaine yo r detter for yC other motiues. Ah Syr, you 
ar quick ofAnswer. Sum woomen ar, thowgh I am not. 
A most princely Quality ; 
Honorable autority, 
With gentle Curtesy. 
Isocrates difficu]t mixture. 
Itali dicunt, multos ubique esse Placentinos, et Lau-i». -, an 
Italian saying. 
denses" paucos Veronenses, aut Bononienses. 
Italus ante factura. The nations 
Gallus } sapit { in facto. { Anglus' °mnes' °wra- 
Germanus post factum, et nemo. 
The pearcing fascination ofy « eie : y tickling inchant- . - s 
ment of y Tongue : y sweet bayte, & lure of curtesy: witchery. 
The cunningist and most intellectual witchery of all 
Mea singularis Obseruatio. Aristoteles nouit politeu- »- - s 
Aristotle and 
mata: sed non nouit strategemata. Virgil. ferrure armare Vergil. 
veneno, vnusquisque, mihi Deus, aut Lupus. 

ib. p.z 
Harvey's war 
of xvit xvith 
Dr. Kennall of 

Authority and 

1 9 OE Foorth 


Need ib. p. 9 
of resolution. 

The greatest 
English states- 
men of recent 

Audacity and 

Surfer in order 
to rlse. 

Blank page 
A lesson from 
thc dog. 

Fortius supremam hominis gloriam ponit in {';;im7 « 
Sermone, omnes proesentes conspicuè superandi. Aut 
tacendum aut dicenda meliora. Stilo, omnes proesentes, 
absentes; proeteriti, futuri; admirabiliter superandi. 
Vincenti gloria victi. 5 
A slowthfull man (quoth Salomon) is ouerthrowne 
with feare : and commonly we fynde, that men distractid 
into diuerse, and sundry wayes (as Grimany notid wisely 
in the Senate howse at Venice) proeuayle in nothing, 
for default of resolution, for while sum cauill, uppon !o 
causelesse feare : others execute according to y*prœesent 
opportunity: and therefore he that is afrayd of euery 
starting grasse, may not walke jn a meddow. 
But fower right politiques of late memory: Wulsey: 
Crumwell: Gardiner: & Cicill. All the rest, children 15 
in comparison. But noouices, & pupills j,a pollicy. 
Incipientes : hOt perficientes. 
The wiseman striketh ye stroke : but his twohandid 
dubbleedgid sword, is Resolute audacity, and absolute 
Eloquence: Audacity, to execute,lyke A man" Eloquence, 2o 
to persuade, lyke an Angell. 
What passe I, quoth Signor Tucco of Florence, 
thowgh I be crucified a few howers; so I aryse againe 
within three, or fower dayes, and then ascend into the 
Heauen of my desires, and euen sitt at y Right hand 25 
of his Highnes ? 
Disce 5 Cane, scitè tractare Dominum, aut Regem: 
quiduisjniuriarum tolera: at tamen nihil6 minus abblan- 
Blandiendum : ut Syren, roulier, soror, uxor. 30 
Modestè, et delicat toleranda, omnia Media, Impedi- 
mentorum, grauaminum, jniuriarum, contumeliarum, 
contemptuum, dilatoriarum remorarum, quorumlibet 
denique occurrentium obstaculorum: si omnino fine 

possis quoquo m0do potiri. Illi tergiuersantur, negant, 
indignantur, stomachantur: Tu insta nihilo [minus?] 
alacriùs; et tant6 dexteriùs abblandire. Vicisti Crucifixe. 
An), passion, but Christes passion: pacience and surfer- 
5 ance in all occurrences, sauing in cases of lyfe and death. 
Who so presently bowlde, as blynd Bayard ? Yet so 
pressently fortunate, as bowld Bayard ? 
Ail ye stringes of yo' Tongue, & powers ofyo r speech 
euer loosed & prest. The instruments, & powers ofyo r 
,o witt & speech, euer most reddy with facility. Lingua, et 
ingenium in manu. All ye L. Cromwels commendation, 
sauing a continual heroical audacity & sum pragmatical 
Il pensare non importa, ma il rare. resolutely for 
* 5 jntent" lustily for act; mightily for effect, resolute lusty 
& mighty Industry. 
Sol; et Jupiter; Mercurius: et Mars; faciunt foelicem. 
He that is Solary ; seemith Jouiall • and can Mercurize, 
or strategize at euery occasion: may mariage any exployte, 
zo or practise any fortune. 
A man hOt needid, seemith superfluous, and may be 
Ouids Metamorphoses, nothing else, but Mercuries 
pageants, where Jupiter, and Apollo do euerywhere 
2 Mercurize for lyfe; and sumtymes Martialize uppon 
The right-learned, shoold be a mirrour to ail other ; 
& a spectacle of y" world. 
Mercuries timely dexterity, and agility" who lying 
3o yet an Infant in his Cradle, and spying Apollos back 
towards him, then in talk with his Moother ; suddainly 
whipd him upp, and priuily stealing away certain of 
Apollos Arrowes owt of his quiuer, nymbely conueyed 
himselfagain into his swadlig clothes. It was hot the 

Eph. p. 2 Blind 

Readiness of 
speech and wit. 

lb. p.  Action 
the chief thing. 

Page after 
Be Solary, 

Pditica, t r 
The infant 

I94 Foorth 

Propertles x v 
ofa great castle. 

Severityin 6 r 


A man must 
impress his 
owfl Rature off 
ail that is his. 

silly Infant, what ungratious knaue soeuer playd him 
that feate. Yes; and euery Mercury hath it in him, 
euen from his uery Cradle. A forward Impe. A liuely 
quickfingerid, and quickfootid slaue from his Moothers 
lapp. 5 
A kynges court, or great castle of defence, woold 
haue ye same 3- propertyes to make it floorishing, and 
durable. . to be houlsumly situate for ye Aier. 2. to 
yeeld easy ingresse, and egresse, for commodius impor- 
tation, and exportation. 3. to be impregnable in time of o 
Good bringing upp, we call breaking, as well in 
children, schollars, and Seruants, as young coultes &c. 
which can hOt be withowt sure mixture of seuerity. 
Secretis signis et tanquam tesseris, equi incitantur, 5 
aut cohibentur. M. William Smyths wachword to his 
great whyte Irish Hoby : Mack Dei. Mack Diaboli. 
A man must take a delicate delight, and pryde in 
euery thing, that concernith himself. A souerain conceyt 
in his own affayres. A man must appropriate his own 2o 
necessaryes, to his own peculiar and seueral vse: as 
namely his Horse, voce, sono, tactu singulari: quoe 
efficaciora omnibus calcaribus. 

The most 6 v Generali historiœe  I. Chronico Carionis, et OE. Coopero; 
useful parts of 
history, addendi, 
3- Xenophontis poedia Cyri,Scipioni Africano familiaris; 
4- Curtius de Rebus gestis quarum oemulatione Coesar 
correptus inflammabatur ad omnem Imperatoriam vir- 
tutem : 

5- Coesaris ipsius Commentarij, Baiazeti, Turarum 3o 
Imp. admirabiles : 
6. cure Militia Coesaris, a P. Ramo illustrata. 
7- Sallustij Jugurtha. 
8. Scipionis, et Hannibalis, facinora  Liuio. 

Foorth 195 

9- Res Turcicœe à Jouio nobili stilo descriptœe: cure 
recentiorum Ducum, atque Regum facinoribus ex Elogijs 
IO. Philippus Cominœeus de Ludouico XI, Caroli V 
Imp. exemplare. 
His decem, tribus mensibus facil perlectis ; addendi 
Regum libri 4. quià magis populo cogniti, et magis 
authentici. Vtiles istarum rerum Discursus apud Macha- 
uellum in Principe, et Discursibus Liuianis. In coeteris 
oproeter Suetonium quid magni discitur, nisi eadem, 
frigidius et facta et narrata, aut etiam potius, eorundem 
obscuratio, et memorioe confusio ? 
Justinus, vniversali Historioe utilis appendix: cure 
Chronologia Mercatoris et Geographia. 
I. Vnicus in polemicis, et politicis, Homerus, et 
Machauellus : 
OE. Vnicus in Juridicis, Freigius, et Speculator: Myn- 
3- Vnicus in Theologicis, textus biblicus, cure Ramo, 
et Manlio. 
4. Vnicus in Medicis, Brightus, with ye Castell, and 
Hope of Health, and Halles Anatomy; efficient te 
5- Oportet prœeterea in Arithmeticis, Rami et Recordi 
esse promptissimum, cure ingenio semper acuto; iudicio 
solido; animo proesenti, et inuicto; pragmatica in omnibus 
dexteritate, lingua expedita, et flexanima; vultu amabili, 
et gratioso; quantùm interest. Hoc cogita semper, et 
hoc semper Age. 
In leuioribus, uel artibus, uel negotijs; qu6 melius, 
e6 pejùs; as Diogenes answerid on, that commendid his 
sonne unto him, for excellent Dawnsing. Res age, quœe 

7v The chi,'f 
masters in the 

g r Secknot to 
exce| in things 
of no moment. 

Thom$, lOV 
Lord Cromwll 

Early ! z r 

Aretine. ! 2 V 

The way ! 3 r 
to succeed. 

Self-marie  3 v 

Thomas, Lord 

Our 14r 
lawyers hot 

1 9 6 Foorth 

The Lord Cromwell, of A Romane disposition, in his 
kynd a Marius, or Sylla. Smal Lerning, but nobely 
minded, & Industrious, with sufficiency of common 
witt, vtterance, & experience. 
Tis A uile signe of gross dissolutenes, and euen of s 
miserable sluggishnes, hOt to start-upp immediatly, & 
leape owt of your bedd lustely, euery morning in ye 
whole yeare, so soone as euer you first begin to awake. 
Vnicus Aretinus, erat scriptoris hyperbole, et actoris 
paradoxum. Illius affectatissima foelicitas fuit, omnia o 
scriptitare hyperbolicè, singula actitare ex inopinato. 
Qui uelit Vnicum vincere, eum oportet esse miraculum 
eloquentioe, oraculum prudentke, Solem Industrioe. 
A perfit disposer, & dispatcher of priuate occasions: 
A bowld sollicitour of publique persons: A resolute S 
practitionerjn Judicial or extra-iudicial causes. Ad omnia 
Quare, resolute et prudenter. In all attemptes, enter- 
prises, actions, negotiations, affaires, aduentures, prac- 
tises, whereinsoeuer you may happen to be employed 
more or lesse ; contriue for lyfe to dispatch & perfourme zo 
it most excellently ; the sooner to grow and shoote upp 
higher, and hygher. 
Pauci, natalibus nobiles ; ploerosque officia publica, et 
beneficia Regia nobilitarunt: maxime eos, qui gradus 
scalasque ascendendi tenuerunt, et cuiuis suoe dignitati z s 
dignitatem addiderunt, maioresque uisi sunt suis maximis 
honoribus: Vt olim Marius, sed proecipue Coesar : ut 
nuper apud nos Cromuellus. 
Mr. Cromwell, afterward Lord Cromwell, augmentid 
ye commodity, and autority of eueri office, that he :30 
Nostri Jurisconsulti norunt vti foro, sed non Aula: 
Curia Consistoriali, sed non Curia Regali : officijs Ciuili- 
bus, sed non honoribus palatinis. 

Foorth 97 

Consider A prynce in fower boddyes" two lesse, & IçV /k I)I'ilIcc 
two greater : 
in his own proper boddy: 
in ye boddy of his howsehowld, or Court: 
5 in ye politique boddy of ye Commonwealth : 
in y Ecclesiastical boddy of ye Church. 
He that can uprightly underly this tryall, and iustly 
acquit himself- is in uery deede A right prynce, and 
condignely meritith that Honorable naine. Alias, instar 
o speciosi corporis sine Anima. 
Putatiue perfections, or flattering accomplements, 
make hOt A prynce euer y worthier, before God, or man. 
Quid uerba audiam, cure facta uideam ? 
The Queen of herself. 
5 When first I tooke y scepter, my Title ruade me hOt .,,¢ouQt of 
forgett y giuar. Then enterid I further into yC schoole 
of Experience, bethinking what it fitted A king to do: 
& there I saw, he scant was well furnished, if ether he 
lackid Justice, Temperance, magnanimity, or Judgment. 
zo As for y two latter, I will hOt boaste, my sex doth hot 
permitt it. but for ye two first, this date I say, Amongst 
my subiects I never knew A difference of person, where 
Right was on: nor neuer to my knowlage praœeferrid 
for fauour, whome I thought hOt fitt for worth : nor 
z5 bent my Eares to credit A Tale, that first was towld me : 
nor was so rash, to corrupt my judgment with my 
Censure, before I heard ye cawse. Others partiality in 
many reportes, might marr sumtyme y" matter: for we 
prynces may hOt heare all ourselues: but this dare I 
3o bowdly affirme, My Verdit went euer with y" Truth 
of my knowlage. 
Viuimus jn Smithi Rep" nofi in Mori Utopia" aut '6 We lire 
 in England, 
Platonis Politeia ; aut regno Xenophontis. Phantasti- hot in Utopia. 
carum RerumpuMicarum Vsus tantummod6 phantasticus. 

As Cicero 
ruade his own 
fortunc% so 
ma), another. 

Hugh Brough- 
ton's teat. 

The Stoic% 

Bc bold 17 r 
and useful, like 
Stukeley and 

 9 8 Foorth 

Ad Smitheam jstam Remp. omnia studia rrp«r,g,ç et 
ivtTnr*g,C accommodanda. Cose moderne, et neoterice. 
In esse. Cœetera mortua. 
Cicero, homo nouus, ciuitatis inquilinus; suis oratorij s, 
et forensibus actionibus; cum summa populari gratia,  
etiam ipsum Consulatum, etiam Romœe, orbis terrarum 
Dominœe, etiam in illa ipsa florentissima & ambitiosissima 
œetate, inter medios Pompeios, et Coesares, obtinuerat. Cur 
non idem possit alius orator, jpso Cicerone ad dicendum, 
persuadendumque potentior, et politicis omnibus strate- ,o 
gematis instructior, alia quavis in Rep. aut Monarchia ? 
principi officiosissimè; laboriosissimè; efficacissim inser- 
uiens, gratiosissimum in modum : et instanti Tempori 
peritissim instantissimque obtemperans et prœesentibus 
personis, rebus, actionibus, sese prœesenti dexteritate '5 
accommodans : et maxime rationali eloquentia, maxime- 
que officiosa humilitate, & omnium animos (prœesertim 
eorum qui sunt rerum Domini) artificiosissima instantia 
Redde rationem villicationis tuoe. Browghton coram 2o 
Eueri frend mai reasonably command my actions: but 
nether frend, nor foe, shalbe toaster of my passions. 
Epictetus, non tam proeclarè tuo puero, aut seruo, aut 
cuiquam homini sit, vt perturbationum tuarum habeat 25 
potestatem ; cap.  7- 
No state, whereto thou maist aspire 
Can make the worthy Coesars lre. 
Irasci, rude, et ferinum : parure dixi" certè quidem 
barbarum est, et prophanum, ullo modo irasci ; nisi fortè 30 
simulat6, et Ironicè. 
As mightily, and more mightily bowld, aduenturous, 
and seruiceable, then Stewkly, or Drake: two braue 
Romane natures: winners ofgowld, & wearers ofgowld. 

Foorth 199 

Two noble Aduenturers, most seruiceable at ail assayes, 
by sea & lande. 
Angelus furius, y most eloquent Discourser, & most 
active Courser, hot in this on Towne orjn that on Citty ; 
5 but in ail ltaly, yea in ail Christendom, yea euen in y 
whole Vniuersal worlde. No on so persuasiuely eloquent; 
or so incessantly jndustrious. 
Nihil illusorium, aut uanum: nihil frustrà, aut sine 
effectu : omnia ad rem : hoc facit pro nobis, hoc, hoc. 
o No idle musing, or buzzing at randon : but continual 
meditation upon prœesente studyes, & instante occasions. 
Cœetera cogitata inepta, et intempestiua, somnia. 
Euermore early, uery early rysing; Euermore thin, 
ver), thin diett ; euermore liuely, uery liuely alacrity; 
t 5 ail after A fine & delicate manner. Supra ipsum Vnicum. 
Nec cauis ripis fidendum: nec alieno Cani; nec equo 
qualicuique ; nec mulieri loquaci ; nec seruo glorioso ; 
nec omnin6 cuiquam homini, aut rei, nisi cautè, et 
zo In studdy: prœesent Meditations, & particular impres- 
sions, orderly disposed & digested for euer, only 
auailable with effect. In actions, instant occasions af 
resolutely, & most industriously to be sollicited, im- 
portuned, & dispatched for lyre. other raunging and 
25 transcending generalityes in abstracto & contemplatiuo, 
& in y Clowdes, nothing but idle & vain speculations. 
Idle Heddes ar allway in yr transcendentibus, & in 
nubibus : politique Witts, euermorejn concreto actiuo. 
omnis theoria puerilis, sine virili praxi. 
30 Curious in expense oftyme, & stoouer. 
Curions meditation, & practis. 
My three curiosityes ; early rising, & spare diet, 
perpetual cheerfulnes : for ye gaining of" tyme, & win- 
ning of Honour. 

 7 v Ang¢lus 

 8 v Do evcry- 
thing with 

Be slow to 

Bc rncn of 
action» not 

Harvey's rules 
of life. 

Learu and 19r 
practhe what 
),ou learn. 

Lead the 19v 
strenuous |ire, 
and ail is yours. 

Let your zor 
ambition be a 
hidden tire. 

trenuous o v 

Becs and ants. 
Gct ail z  r 
you can. 

200 Foorth 

A lyttlc howse well filled : a lyttle land well tilled. 
Nothing mightily prœeuaileable, that 
is not mightily appropriated. J 
Harueiismus { methodica meditatio priuata. 
pragmatica exercitatio publica. 5 
Qui non discit, dediscit : etiam qui non practicè discit, 
quantum quantum discit, parure discit, jncerta uia discit, 
rudi disciplina discit, hoeret, erubescit, pudescit in foro, 
ubi triumphare deberet, et regnare. 
Quotidiè duplica vires triplicaque vigorem : o 
Quaque die corpus, cursare ; equitare ; agitare 
Brachia, crura, pedes ; uigilare, uorare Labores 
Omnigenos; usque usque assuesce magisque magisque. 
Romana hoec virtus, fortunoe fabrica magnoe, 
Ad summa armata est, dextrè, ualidèque gerenda, 5 
Quodcunque inciderit, seu uis, seu uiuida Virtus. 
Tenta iterum, atque iterum: nunc his, nunc artibus illis, 
Nunc precibus, nunc oflîcijs, nunc denique scriptis : 
Tempore proficies quod uis aduersa negabat. 
Perge, audax, alacrisque per omnia; et omnia habebis. 2o 
lnsta hodiè, arque hodiè, semperque magisque 
In omnem honoris, potentioeque ambitum, Heroico 
vigore, et Hyperbolico Impetu, ualid¢ furiosèque inflam- 
matus : attamen Crypticis, atque delicatis ueluti Cineri- zS 
bus obducto Igne et ad extinguendas Inuidioe, Odijque 
faces, scitè candidque dissimulata Ambitione. 
No such Honorable Seal, As noble vertu & zeal, All 
worthines to reueal, Ail basenes to repeal. 
Apis, et formica, parua corpora : sed quàm actuosa! 3o 
Regula Regularum. To seeke & enforce ail possible 

Grose meate enowgh, 
for )/' toyling plowgh. 
Meat warme & light, 
for y actiue Knight. 
Warme potions ; 
& whott motions. 
Desier sufferith no delay. 

He is rightly neat, 
And deseruith his meat, 
That dispachith ye feat, 
And winnith ye seat. 

Delay, A sluggard : Expedition, y"only workman. 
Now, now, euen now, whilcst ye mattcr fresh, & whott. 
o Diuinam metaphoram vsurpauit philosophus, qui as- 
seruit, Animum esse Ignem. Proximoe illi debentur, qui 
censuit esse Entelecheiam, perpct uamque motionem. Non 
mirum, si in aqueo, terreoque mundo, Ignis Elementum, 
ex Elementorum numero sustulerint Valla, Cardanus, 
 i Scribonius, neoterici nonnulli alij: cure reuerà in actuoso, 
uiuidoque mundo, solum Elementum Ignis. 
Conquerimur soepk sine causa: sœepius sine ) 
effectu : soepissimè quidem, cure mala gratia : 
rarissimè uero, cure bona. 
zo Don Diego, iumpe ofKing Harryes Religion, whilest 
he continuedjn Jngland : alleging for his warrant : Cure 
fueris alibi, viuito more Loci. 
Machiauellus foelicem definit, cuius dicta, factaque 
proesenti Tempori correspondent; sed addendum fuit, 
25 etiam Loco. Nain uno, eodemque tempore, vt Ece 
nostro, diuersis in locis diuersoe uigent actiones, atque 
adeo aduersoe factiones, prouerbium, foro uti, choro uti; 
Locum potiùs respicit, quam Tempus. patients knowe, 
what dislocation meanith in y" priuate boddies : no lesse 
3o inconuenience, & mischiff it jmportith in ye politique 
Boddy of y Church, or commonwelth. 
Oratoris oratio, non magni admodum precij est, neque 
etiam vocis intensio: sed in idem planè cure populo 
consentire, atque eosdem odisse, et amare, quos patria. 

2tv Thediet 
of thc active 

Make no 

zz r The soul 

mLD1l, futile. 

Don Diego. 

Study the 
place as well 
as the time. 

z 3 r , The 
orator s main 

Make reaaon 
the fuie of 
your lire. 

The way' z 4 r 
to be¢ome a 

and ¢ourtly' 

Burlelgb.'8 tule 
of conduet. 

Demosth. de Corona. Referri potest ad concionatores, 
et suggestores Ecclesiasticos. Persuadebit optimè, qui 
Mores, et humores Principum alet optimè. Regis ad 
exemplum, totus componitur orbis. Nestor et Vlisses, 
non tare oratores, quam parasiti Agamemnonis. quorum  
melle dulcior fluebat oratio. Adulari, adulari. 
Regia via, optima. 
Animal rationale, nihil dicere, aut facere debet sine 
ratione; proeterquam in jis, quoe excedunt humanam 
rationem, et mysteria continent diuinoe rationis. Alioqui to 
nihil sine Quare; ad omnia Quare. 
Parcus uescendo: parcissimus esto bibendo: 
et somno, et coitu : ter mage parcus eris. 
Prodigus Ingenio: sermone alacrique Sutda: 
Vtilibusque actis : pragmaticoque sopho. ,  
Vulseius : Morus : Cromuellus : Vintoniensis : 
Coecilius : dictis consilijsque potens : 
Hi multique alij Ingenio creuere ; Logoque : 
Vtilibusque actis : pragmaticoque sopho. 
Paruis paruoe Animoe incumbant : magnalia tractent zo 
Magni Animi : ad solos respiciendo loues. 
Audendum est proeter reliquos, supraque supremos : 
Aulicus hac sola nobilitatur ope. 
Nec eloquentiam, nec audatiam superbam esse oportet, 
aut ullo modo odiosam: sed summè amabilem : et alteram z5 
quidem maximè blandam, atque plenam Rationis: alteram, 
erga omnes humanissimam: erga potentes, maxim6 cere- 
moniosam arque respectiuam. 
Omnes, priuatarum publicarumque Actionum pattes, 
redigendoe ad capita quatuor Virtutum: prudentioe, forti- 30 
tudinis, Temperantioe, Justitioe. Virtutum, et Vitiorum 
vsus, iuxta occasionum exigentiam. My Lord Treas- 
urers compendious method. 

Freigius OEo 3 

Xenophons noble Horse, in his Brauist lykenes. 
gallant patterne of lusty & heroical currage. 
[After Finis :m] 
Hoec Synopsis, uix Trium horarum pensum: ut ter 
5 sum expertus: Mense Augusto 1582. 
Gabriel Haruejus. J.C. 
A Diuel in ye proemisses : an Angel in ye conclusion. 
Polyphilia, viua panoplia. Multorum manibus grande 
leuatur onus. 

A 24v 

Joannis Uhomw Freigii Mosaicus . . . continens historiam 
Ecclesiasticam . . . Basilew.  583. 8 ° 
[At end of Preface.] 
Certè Freigius, homo eruditus, et vir bonus: et in Freigius. 
15 omni genere doctiores, admodum rari: ut non fuerit 
fortassis, vel acutissimè subtilis, vel ualdè animosus. 
[Before beginning of book.] 
Prima mundi historia, tam politica, quàm Ecclesias- 
tica: maximè omnium historiarum heroica: et divina 
zo Idea heroicarum omnium actionum: speculum Uni- 
uersale omnium Artium, omniumque Autorum ab orbe 
condito. Res gestoe quatuor Monarchiarum, cunctarum- 
que nobilium Nationum: meroe jmitationes istorum 
Exemplorum: ad vtilissima quoeque, et illustrissima 
z5 aspirantium. Certe Mosaica historia, liber librorum est, 
et fons fontium. Qu6 diligentius est, et curiosius 
examinanda: maximè in excellentissimorum hominum 
secretis, et potentissimarum rerum arcanis: quœe sunt 
proecipua Mnemosyna singularium jngeniorum. Socratis 
30 rouv»uovu«-«, nihil ad mysteria Noachi, Abrahami, 
Josephi, Mosis, incomparabilium Heroum, Doctorum- 
quegentium. [later] Etiam qu6 quid antiquius, eh melius. 

The Mosaic 
histor 7 

204 Freiius 

Its truth bas 
been attacked. 

AIl religions 
derived from 
the Jewlsh. 

The six P. 5 
days of Crea- 

Mosis origines, uehementer perstrictoe à Simplicio, et 
Galeno: De quo videndus Balduinus J. C.j n extremo ferè 
Lib OE. De coniunctione Historioe cum Jurisprudentia. 
À nonnullis Aristoteleis, Moses, fabulator/Egiptius: 
Christiani, mod6 ignari Idiotœe: mod6 r«,Xg,«ç, tanquam 5 
scelesti, furiosique nominantur. Rare. I. i. de Relig. c. 7. 
et in Scholis physicis, et metaphysicis sœepiùs. 
Consulendus Brocardi de prophetia Liber I. prim6 
seorsum de Genesi Mosaica, (ubi subtilia aliquot 
problemata de creatione solis, lunœe, diei, noctis, &c.) : o 
tum simul, de Exodo, Leuitico, Numeris, Deutero- 
nomio: ubi etiam œenigmata aliquot problematica, 
mystica, allegorica, typica; Emblematica, parabolica, 
Quœecumque uel ex Persis Magi ; uel è Babilonijs, et  5 
Assyrijs Chaldoei; uel ex Indis Gymnosophistoe ; uel è 
Gallis Druidoe, et Semnothei, inuenerunt: ea ipsi à 
Judœeis accepêre. Nam Judœei, primi omnium philosophi 
fuerunt: et /Egiptus, Judœeos prophetas illos, nostros 
inquam illos, aliquandiù habuit. Pythagoras autem, et zo 
Plato, mutato Cabalœe nomine in philosophiam ; ab illis, 
non à Grœecis, uel Romanis accepta, Grœecè suis exposue- 
runt. Idem porr6 Cabaloe, Pythagorœe, et Platonis, 
docendi modus fuit, quomod6 hominum animi in Deos, 
coelumque referendi : parque exercitatio, qua quis ad eius 25 
rei cognitionem, et mysteria deduceretur : nempè per 
symbola, atque notas ; per prouerbia, et paroemias ; per 
numeros, et figuras; per litteras, syllabas, et verba. 
Metellus, in literatissimo Commentario, de Hispanorum, 
et Lusitanorum Nauigatione, in Occidentis, et Orientis 3o 
lndiam. Vbi sanè paucis plurima, eademque egregia. 
Vita Mosis, a Philone Judoeo scitè expressa. 
Mosaica Genesis, seu Cosmopoeia, per suas partes 
distincta in Hexiemeron, uel historiam sex dierum. 

Freigius 2 o 5 
Hextemeron: cuius quatriduo creantur res inanimatoe; 
biduo, res animatoe. 
Axioma vald magnum jn tota rerum natura, Quies- 
cere omnia ad rectos angulos. Ecquid mirum? Hoc 
5 enim jmperium Dei, arque numen Geometricum est, quo 
terra, medio mundi Loco ordinata, conquiescit ; ideoque 
Cubico octonfim rectorum solido t Pythagoreis com- 
parata. Ramus. l. OE. schol, mathem. 
Naturoe pulcherrima, et dulcissima Descriptio. 
,o Architecturoe diuinoe viuida pictura. 
[On 'paradisus . . in oriente fuit':--] 
orient gemms, & orient pearle. 
Lex, Arbor scientioe, Euangelium, Arbor vitoe. 
Egregium problema Argonauticum. An efidem 
,5 Materifi proeparata, et eadem Forma obseruata, liceat 
sperare Eundem finem ? Ut nauis istiusmodi, in mari 
nauiget, nulli subiecta periculo, sed semper tuta, et 
secura. Disegno di Fiorauanti dello Specchio l. 3. c. 17- 
Noecus, primus vites, vinumque jnuenit: ut etiam 
2oJosephus, Antiquitatum primo: posteà apud Groecos 
Dionysius, id est, Liber pater ; apud Latinos Saturnus, 
primum vini vsum tradidêre: arque ità jntelligendus 
Diodorus Siculus : cure ploerisque Historicis, et Poetis, 
Groecis, Latinis, Barbaris. 
2 Prima seruitus Chananeorum, vt etiam Josephus 
contra Appionem ; non Lacedoemoniorum, vt Plinius, et 
Macrobius finxre. 
Thre persons sufficient to people, and replenish the 
vniuersal world. 
3o Antiquissima Apodemica, et Odyssea; à Noacheis 
usque Temporibus. posteà Abrahamidoe, et Hebroei, 
Magni Apodemici. Nouisssimis etiam temporibus, Apos- 
toli, et primitiui Christiani, summi Apodemici. Diuinus 
semper populus, maxim omnium Apodemicus. 

p., i Allthin 
rest at right 

p. 17 
p.7 o Noah's arl 

p. 7 $ Noah 
the inventor o 

P- 79 Slavery 

p. 80 

P- $3 God's 
people a 

OEo6 Freigius 

Ltad. P- g4 

p. 85 

Nimrod. p. 87 

the hivc of 

p. !o7 
of pcoptes. 

Noster Lud, à quo Londinum et Luddesgate, florebat 
non nisi paul6 ante Coesaris in Britanniam expeditionem. 
Hebroei, peregrinatores, Apodemici. Etiam Pelasgi, 
rro)rcX«'vrov îOvoc. 
Nimrodi gymnastica, politica, militaris, jmperatoria, 
heroica l ndustria; ad monarchicam dignitatem aspirans, 
atq.ue Regiam Maiestatem. 
E Germania, et Scythia, Exercitus, tamquam Apure 
Examina, erumpere consueuisse, scribunt Methodius, 
Paulus Diaconus, ploerique alij: Jornandes, hominum 
vaginam nominat : Olaus magnus, hominum officinam: 
und nimirùm Gothi, Gepidoe, Hunni, Cimbri, Longo- 
hardi, Alani, Burgundi, Normani, Picti, Heruli, Sueui, 
Sclaui, Suiceri, Rugi, alij multi traxerunt originem : vt 
ploerisque omnibus Historijs constat, atque Chronicis, 
posteriorum Temporum res gestas complexis. 
The sundry peregrinations ofsundry nations. Apode- 
mica Industria. Causoe complures Migrationis Gentium. 
partira voluntarioe, causa maioris Vtilitatis, Voluptatis, 
honoris: partim coactoe, Cceli, Soli, hostium, lnimicorum 
Vi. Hinc Argonauticoe, et Heroicoe Expeditiones: 
Odyssea: famosoe migrationes nobilium Troianorum, 
proesertim Aeneoe, et Antenoris; und ploerique Europoei 
populi se oriundos tradiderunt : (Ipse hostis, Teucros 
insigni laude ferebat, Seque ortum antiqua Teucrorum à 
stirpe uolebat.) Ne fceminoe quidem bac Apodemicalaude 
priuandoe; cure eccè Carthaginiensium lmperium Dido, 
Tyria regit vrbe profecta, German um fugiens. Vnde, por- 
tantur auari Pygmalionis opes pelago: Dux fcemina facti. 
• Hinc ferè captatoe maiorum rerum occasiones: quo- 
modo etiam Coesar, Alexandri oemulatione inflammatus, 
missionem continu6 petijt, nec tare dotal, quàm foris 
magna gessit; nouum semper bellum exoptans, ubi 
virtus dus enitescere posset. 

Freigius OEo 7 

Vt hominum, sic Linguarum sua infantia, pueritia, 
adolescentia, juuentus, maturitas, senectus est, etiam 
mors denique. Ecc leges, mores, verba, facta, humana 
omnia, varia, fluxa, caduca, postrem6 mortalia. 
5 Vt Locorum, et Linguarum, ita etiam Religionum 
raira alteratio, et variatio. 
Nobilissimi aliquot Ethnici diuinitus vocati, 
Hebraicœe Ecclesiœe jnserti: Nabogdonosor, Euilmero- 
dach, Darius. Cyrus. Artaxerxes Longimanus. 
o Paterna gubernatio, necessitate exigente, mutata jn 
rulc superseded 
Dominicam. Sine reuerenda seueritate politicoe Disci- 
plinoe, nullus status potest consistere. 
Etiam jn physicis, et Geometricis, omninoque jni"sEquaitY 
the cause of 
vniuersa rerum natura; /Equalitas, quietis, et statusrt. 
 causa est; contrà, Inoequalitas, motus, et ruinoe: Vt 
pulcherrim philosophatur Ramus. Libro OE. scholarum 
mathematicarum : Ad rectos angulos quiescere, consis- 
tereque omnia, non ad obliquos. 
Historia magis nititur Romana Fide, quàm Groeca. 
zo Seuero Imperatori, Quatuor summi Auctores heroicoe - 
four heroes. 
virtutis, dictis, factisque potentissimoe: jn diuinis, 
Abrahamus, et Christus" in humanis, Hercules, et 
Orpheus: quos Seuerus, omnis antiquitatis miracula 
judicabat, ideque suprà alios otaries proecipu eligebat 
z  ad imitandum, tanquam singularia Exempla admirabilium 
Abrahamus, vir doctissimus, et homo excellentissimus. P-'' So, of 
Quales fer sunt, qui singulare aliquid profitentur, aut 
nouam, reformatamue sectam moliuntur, quasi ueri filij 
o partis Abrahami. Talis Paulus, tuba Christi, et mirabilis 
rt«TtO t" aTazrrlç " • P" z9 
• " " vpTovttv » ttaTa 
Abrahami filij, fer Apodemici. Errantes planetoe. ,-' 

o8 Freigius 

p. 14o 
the fathcr of 

P- 4 
heroic seed. 

Hermcs p.  58 
z grandson of 

The barren 

p. ,6o 
Jacob's p. ,66 

Abrahamus, primus Mathematicarum plantator in 
_/Egypto : Vndè, nec ira mult6 post, rot Mathematica, 
et Physica Miracula. Hinc fer Magia omnis Naturalis. 
Artes Hebroeorum, proesertim, Lex; Arithmetica, 
Astronomia, Medicina: et si Rabinis credendum, Cabala. 5 
Nocturna, et Ulyssea militia Abrahami. 
Ploerique post Abrahamum Hebroei Heroes; forti 
phantasia, et confidentissima plerophoria, proeualidè, et 
proepotenter animati ; mirificas victorias reportarunt, 
languidoeque fidei jncredibiles. Quales plerœeque victoriœe o 
et Triumphi Justorum contrà Impios. 
Hermes Trismegistus, nepos Abrahami : qu6 credi- 
bilius, illum nonnulla diuinitatis mysteria attigisse 
diuinitùs : Vt alioqui philosophus, et mathematicus 
erat, mirific singularis. 5 
Agrippa, in oratione sua ad Hermetis Trismegisti 
Pimandrum ; probat Hermetem illum, seu Mercurium 
(post Osyridem, )Egiptiorum Regem,) fuisse Abrahami 
nepotem, nimirùm illum Enoch, filium Mydan, quem 
Mydan ex pellice genuerat Abrahamus. zo 
[On 'operam demus ne simus ,«&«prco, ':] 
Maledicta ficus, sine fructu. 
Ad quid, talentum, thesaurusue reconditus ? 
Ad quid, lucerna sub modio occultata ? 
fideles, filij Abrahami, lucis, Dei. , 
Radius, Instrumentum perantiquum, omnium Geo- 
metricorum Instrumentorum prœestantissimum, et coin- 

modissimum ; Vulg6 Baculus Jacob dicitur, tanquam à 
sancto patriarcha jllo iam olim inuentus sit. Ramus, 
Geometrioe lib. 9- Nimirùm hoc Jacobi mathematicum o 
jnuentum, superioribus aui Abrahami jnuentis mathe- 
maticis addendum videbatur. 
-*o [On 'pincerna liberatus obliuiscitur Yosephi':--] 
memories. Pauci beneficiarij valent Arte memoratiua. 

Freigius OEo 9 

Josephus, primo nobilis Aegiptij seruus : 
postea Regis ipsius, et quidem primarius. 
Somniorum Pharaonis, Interpretatio. 
Eccè mimetica «o;$,),« Ambrosij Merlini, Libro 4- 
5 Galfredi Monemutensis, De gestis Britannorum: ubi 
rictus ille Virginis filius, satis hypocritico, et sophistico 
ritu, in fletum erumpens, spiritum haurit prophetioe, et 
Vortigero Regi, duorum Draconum proelium jnterpre- 
o Vita, Platoni, Apodemia; Plinio, Vigilia: siquidem 
Somnus, Imago Mortis. Homo igitur Viuus, maximè 
Apodemicus, et Vigilans: vt A1exander, Coesar, ploerique 
Heroes, non modo Patriarchoe. 
Exstat Vita Mosis,  Philone Judœeo descripta. 
5 Mosis etiam meminerunt Galenus, et Plinius. Prœe- 
tereà exstat Mosaicarum et Romanarum Legum collatio, 
seu Rufini, seu alterius cuiuspiam Jureconsulti, ante 
tempus Imp. Justiniani edita. 
Quinque Libri Mosaici, Prototypus, et Archetypus, 
zo omnium scripturarum: Radix, tons, officina, Bibliotheca 
omnium Librorum in mundo. Quid ni igitur, Dulciùs 
ex ipso fonte bibantur aquoe ? 
Castellionea Pentateuchi Translatio, cure eiusdem 
Annotationibus, distincto volumine edita ; ex vsu esse 
25 potest ; nec quidem est contemnenda. 
Tria prœecipua erant Tempora Miraculorum : 
Mosis"  quorum etiam Spiritu, 
Elioe :  nonnulli jpsorum 
Christi: [, discipuli erant aati. 
:o Gods passeouer, or skippouer. 
[On Moses" 'Leges Ceremoniales':] 
Impossibile est, aut nouam politeian fundare, aut religion to 
veterem tueri, sine Religione: In quo, ploerique Machia- a State. 
uellitoe, et Athei, phantasticè, ac pueriliter sapiunt, 

p. x78 Joseph. 

A pretended 
' Virgln's son'. 

p. Ig Heroes, 

P-'93 Moses 
known to the 

P" '9 The 
the first book. 


p. 205 Ages 
of mi racle- 

p. 207 
Necessity of 

OE  o Freigius 

Reason p. z47 
and virtue the 
priest's Urim 
and Thummim. 

p. z4.8 

The p. z53 
fort), days' fast 
of Moses, Elias 
Christ and 

p. z77 

Israel p. z95 
and Spain. 

somniantes se posse, non obstante Religionis neglectu, 
aut contemptu, Respublicas, atque Regna politicè guber- 
nare: cum experti omnes, satis, superque senserint, 
quàm plan fim,«-o, sit, sine diuino aliquo cultu, vel 
publicam Maiestatem, vel etiam priuatum aliquem 5 
statum, diu sustinere, 
In sacerdote requiritur perfectio Vtriusque Virtutis, 
{ Dianoeticœe, Vrim. 
Ethicœe, Thumim. 
Men, aswell jndued w  cleere vnderstanding, &  
sound iudgment ; as also replenished with all vertues 
of upright & godly Conuersation. 
Logicoe, Ethicoeque diuinum Lumen • 
In diuinis prœesertim Sacerdotibus «onspiciendum. 
Vos estis Lux Mundi, et Sal terroe. '5 
Scholion elencticum, de sophisticis, et scholasticis 
Logicalibus, nullius in mundo vsus. 
Sic etiam posteà Elias, et Christus, 40. dies, noctesque 
ieiunarunt : item Pythagoras, si Laertio credimus : sed zo 
Pythagoras ille, aut Moses fuit, aut Elias: quom0do 
Groeci, puerili antiquitatis ignoratione, ploeraque suis 
attribuunt, quoe erant Hebroeorum; nescio quoe frag- 
menta, aut vmbras sortiti talium Historiarum, non nisi 
Cabalisticè traditarum, z 5 
Rudis, et crassi populi, assiduus relapsus, apostasia, 
scisma, rebellio. 
Moses Trauayler, & Exploratour. His Instructions, 
& directions, to his Espies, & Messengers. 
Conspiratio, coniuratioque Coroe, Dathani, et Abirani, 3o 
seuerissimo supplicio obruta. 
Pyrotechnia coelestis. 
Catholica veterum habitatorum destructio. Hispano- 
rum, in nouo Orbe, Disciplina. 
Mortui non mordent. 

Blagrave OE I I 


[On 'Mors Mosis':--] p. 3,4 The 
death of Moses. 
Notabile Exemplum, sapienter, pieque moriendi. 
Michaelis Logica, et Ethica Disputatio de Corpore 
Mosis, aduersùs Diabolum ipsum antagonistam. 
Quorsùm igitur tot Cabalistica Secreta producendoe, v. 3,6 
et quasi perpetuandoe Vitoe ? Cure nihil, nè in Cabala 
quidem, suprà Mosem. 
[On 'Mosen solum . . . oEo. annos vixisse . . . tteminem 
plus esse victurum ':] 
At Simeon frater vterinus Jacobi, affectus est extremo 
longcvity sine« 
supplicio, tempore Traiani Imp. cure iam esset egressus 
annum oetatis  OEo. Nec de Galeno Medico dubium est, 
eum annos vixisse centum, et quadraginta. Et exstat 
Thomoe Rauennatis Liber, de Vita, vltra annos 

,  producenda. 
Gabriel Haruejus. 584 
Synopsis historica Freigij, et Neandri. 
Heresbachij Jurisprudentia Christiana. 

On lagc at end. 
Sigonius, et oo, o- 
Bonauentura de Rep. Hebroeorum. Brocardus, de j,wh i,tor. 
zo Prophetia. Duareni Pontificia Methodus. Acontij 
Strategemata Sathanica. 


'be 2(atbematical Iewel. 1585. fo. 

[On preliminary page headed ' Margarita Mathematica' 
in G. H.'s writing] 
Chawcers Conclusions of the Astrolabie, still in esse. ch-ee, 
Pregnant rules to many worthie purposes. 
His familiar StaoE newly published this i59o. The 
_ Instrument- 
Instrument itself, ruade & solde by M. Kynuin, 
London, neere Powles. A fine workman, & mie kinde 
frend: first commended vnto me bie M. Digges, 
M. Blagraue himself. Meaner artificers much praised 

OE  OE Blagra:e 

Humphrey bie Cardan, Gauricus, & other, then He, & old Humfrie 
Cole, John 
Reyn«a,, Cole, mie mathematical mechanicians. As M. Lucar 
John Read, 
Cit. Paine. newly commendes Jon Reynolds, Jon Read, Christopher 
Paine, Londoners, for making Geometrical Tables, 
with their feet, frames, rulers, compasses, & squires,  
M. Blagraue also in his Familiar Staff, commendes Jon 
Read, for a verie artificial workman. 
Mr Kynvin selleth y Instrument in brasse. 
[On che verses : ' rhe authour in his own defence." 
'.4 «hilde but yesterday, *4nd now to s«ale the skie ? ,o 
FFhere gathered loe his skill ? Fl/7oat tutor tolde kim in ? 
rhe Fniuersities denill rhat ere he d«elt therein 
"rhe earing An Youth: & no Vniuersity-man. che more shame 
of the 
unlearned, for sum Doctors of Vniuersities, chat may learn of him. 
rhe'rable Annulus Astronomicus Boneti, et Gemmoe Frisij , 
The astro- 
nomical Ring. supra descriptus : eiusdemque vsus etiam efficacissimus, 
et amplissimus.,;- p., Omnes Artes fundatoe super Sensu, et Ratione, planè 
mental science. 
constant Ratione, et Sensu. Ratio, anima cuiusque 
principij. Experientia, anima animoe, firmissima demon- zo 
stratio, et irrefutabile :t,;,t,ov. Da mihi ocularem, et 
radicalem demonstrationem cuiusque principij, experi- 
menti, instrumenti Geometrici, Astronomici, Cosmo- 
graphici, Horologiographici, Geographici, Hydro- 
graphici ; et omnin6 cuiusvis Mathematici. 
p-" Post PrincipiaGeometrica, etAstronomica, Canonicè, 
Geometry the 
ba,l, of et Empiricè cognita: nihil difficile in Mathematicis, 
experiments, aut Mechanicis Instrumentis, aut Experimentis: sed 
maxima quoeque, vt vtilissima et honoratissima; ira certè 
facillima, etjucundissima. Etiam admirabilia maximè, et 
valentissima; è paucis illis Canonibus, expedita maximè, 
et promptissima: nec talibus Experimentis quicquid 
aut extrinsecus efficacius, aut intrinsecus dulcius. 
Munsteri Principia Geometrioe, et Horologiographioe ; 

Blagrave OE 1 3 

cum Sphœera Sacrobosci, a Fabro illustrata: mea olim 
prœegnans Isagoge ad talia Omnia; nisi quatenùs alij 
maiores, minoresque Mathematici, veteres, noui, suum 
obiter off.errent prœesidium, subsidium; nullo tœedio, aut 
5 labore. Delectum posteì feci excellentissimorum Artifi- 
cure: et quidem eos probo maximè, qui possunt maxima. 
Empiricus Mundus sola curat Empirica. 
[On a short list of books given by Blagrave :--] 
His sole, or principal Autors. 
o Schollars haue the bookes: & practitioners the 
Ocularis, et radicalis demonstratio Vsus Quadrantis. P-"- 
matical and 
per Leuinum Hulsium, nouissimus tractatus, Gallicè, astronomi¢.l 
et Germanicè. l'uno, ma l'unico Mathematico del mondo. 
5 Garcoei tractatus vtilis de erigendis figuris coeli. 
Aplani Cosmographia. 
Reinholdi Prutenicœe Tabuloe coelestium motuum. 
Tres exquisiti artifices: Copernici, et Ptolomœei ob- 
seruantissimi; iidemque Gemmœe Phrysij, aliorumque 
zo exactissimorum artificum deliciœe. 
Ad eorum accuratam scientiam quamproximè acce- 
dunt Joachimus Rhœeticus, Iofrancus Offusius, Tycho 
Braheus, Michael Moestlinus, Joannes Antonius, Magi- 
nus, Clauius, Finchius, Ranzouius : 
z5 Doctor Cunninghams Cosmographical Glasse. 
Non plures, sed plura: sœepe etiam non plura, sed 
Blundeuils breife description & vse of Blagraues 

P"  9 Blngrave's 
few books. 

OEI 4 Atdd. MSS. 36,674 


/1 Regiment for the Sea wriuen by I4Glliam Borne. Newlie 
corrected and amended by 'homas Hood. 
by Thomas Est for Thomas FFight  59 . 

xij- One chapter of Naumachie, or Sea-fight, were neces- 5 
No chapter on 
naval ,,a«ar« sarie in a Martial world, & in ye heat of reprisais, thre 
notable Stratagems, in ye last chapter of Frontin. 
x. Scipios tankerde of pitch, & tar. 
. Annibals pottes of snaks, & adders. 
3. Cassius ships fired, & sent with y° stream, & wind fo 
against y enemy. 
4- perforatio Nauium, per Urinatores. 


The Marriners Guide by Thomas Hood. 

x iii" gabriel haruey. 1 5 
This book. The most sensible & familiar Analysis of the Sea- 
Card, that euer yet cam in print. 

fo.z 3 

fo. 4 
W. Butlcr 
d. 1618. 

AII. MSS. 36,674, British Museum 
[The book is a collection of papers relating to Magic and 
Witchcraft, and is carefully described by Mr. J. P. Gilson in the zo 
Catalogue. The first four articles belonged to Gabriel Harvey, 
whose handwriting in the additions he made to them was 
recognised by Mr. Gilson. Harvey's name does hot appear.] 
(Tract OE) 
This torne booke was round amongst the paper bookes, z5 
& secret writings ofDoctor Caius: Master & founder of 
Caius Colledg. Doctor Legg gaue it to Mr Fletcher, 
fellowe ofthe same colledg, & a learned artist forhis time. 
The best skill, that Mr. Butler physician had in 
Nigromancie, with Agrippas occulta philosophia : as his o 

Add. MSS. 36,674 

coosen Ponder upon his Oathe often repeated, seriously 
intimated vnto mee. 
(Tract 4) o. ss 
Certaine straung Visions, or apparitions, of memor- 
able note. Anno x567 . 
Lately imparted vnto mee for secrets of mutch 
A notable Journal of an experimental Magitian. 
The visions of S t Th. S. himself: as is crediblyf°.s9 
supposed. Thowgh Mr. Jon Wood imagins one G. H. 
Tempus demonstrativum reue]abit. 

,  His principal S. Luke. 
Autors Bacon. 
These two Gospells; with 
ye vij psalmes, ye Letany, 
zo& De Profundis; com- 
monly read, ofthese Salo- 
monical Artistes, in their 
greatest Experimentes. 

S. Lukes Gospell: Petite, 
et dabitur vobis: quoerite, et 
jnuenietis: pulsate, et aperi- 
etur vobis. Si ille perseuera- 
uerit pulsans; etsi non dabit 
illi, qu6d amicus ejus sit; 
propter improbitatem tamen 
ejus, surget, et dabit illi. 
S. Johns Gospell: Amen, 
amen dico vobis, siquid peti- 
eritis Patrem in nomine meo, 
dabit vobis. Petite, et accip- 
ietis: vt gaudium vestrum 
sit plenum. 

fo. 6' 



[The following pages are a transcript from the MS. of Thomas 
Baker (Cambridge University Library, Baker MSS. 3 6. pp. 
1o7- x4)--in which he gives transcripts from MS. additions 
made by Gabriel Harvey to a bound volume of his own 5 
works, including letters addressed to him by Thomas Hatcher 
and William Lewin, and letters of his own to Hatcher and 
Sir Valter Mildmay, and his V.pitaph on Sir Nicholas Bacon. 
Words in square brackets are Baker's additions to what he 
found.] 1o 

IN a printed Book of Gabr. Harvey (containing his 
Ciceronianus, Rhetor, Musarum Lacrymœe &c:) v.nd 
edition I577 probably his own Book are added in his 
own hand, several notes, MSS :, Letters &c: In the Title 
Page i thus, secunda editio, pauio, quam prima, emendatior.  5 
The next Title, wt my Rhetorique Orations, put 
Gabrielis Haei Rhetoricarum Orationm Liber, in 
icademiâ Cantabrigiensi publicè habitarum &c : 
Thomoe Hatcheri Epistola, cum G. Harveio expostu- 2o 
lantis, de suâ G: Haddoni, in Ciceroniano proetermissione. 
Amico suo longe charissimo M: Gabrieli Harvejo, 
Auloe Pembrochianoe Socio. 
Ex quo tempore te primum novi, Disertissime Harveie, 
mirifica quadam voluptate perfusus sum; quodjam tum, 25 
et hominis probi, et scriptoris politissimi effigiem reproe- 
sentare visus sis. Quod si ego paulo tibi notior essem, 
quo animo in eos affectus sim qui cogitationes suas, quo- 
cunque modoliteris mandent, et Posteritati commendent, 
plenius fortassis intelligeres. Cum vero ejusmodi aliquis ;o 
 Baker doee not make it clear to whlch work he ie referring. Probabl¥ 
Ciceronianu b and Harvey's addition is for a new edition which never came. 

Ippendix z  7 

prodeat, qui quoecunque relit, eloquentioe luminibus illus- 
trare valeat, hunc ego, e maxime de caus admirari soleo, 
quod, quœe ipse, nullo unquam sensu attingere potuerim, 
nec admodum curaverim quidem, copiose ille, et acute, 
5 et illuminate dicendo exprimat. Habuit hrec Academia 
tales aliquot, quos Ciceronianus tuus, Ciceronianè satis 
complexus est. Illud queri fortasse possem, Haddonum 
nostrum, suo tempore, et quidem merito Ciceronianissi- 
mure habitum a G: Harveii, tare eleganti Ciceroniano, 
 o parure Ciceronianè (ne quid amplius addam) esse proeter- 
missum. Non dubito, quin facti hujus tui, aliquam 
saltem rationem aliquando sis redditurus. Eam certe per 
ocium expecto, nisi etiam hoc ipso tempore (quod facillime 
potes) mihi sis satisfacturus. Alexandri Nechamii (ejus 
15 enim est, vt ex Baloeo dixi) de variis Qurestionibus, 
prœesertim [rhetoricis] heu vetustum fragmentum, ex 
antiquissim Membran a me descriptum, cure esses in 
Prœediolo Carbiensi, optatissimus inprimis, et gratissimus 
Hospes, ad breve tempus, postulasse te memini. Jam 
zo illud cupio restitui, si videbitur. Plura vellem, sed sunt 
hœec ipsa in mediis occupationibus negligenter et meo 
more scripta. Multum vale (Harveie charissime) meque, 
uti coepisti, amare perge. Ex .Edibus Augustanianis, 
23 : Novembr : I577. 
z 5 Tuus, 
Tho : Hatcherus. 

meì non refert, dura potiar modb. 
Dura potiar, patiar. Gabriel Harveius. 
Posset eodemjure queri Granta, quod Harveij Cicero- H.,rwy's r, 
to Hatcher. 
3o nianus Aschamum proetermisit suum. 
Christophorsonum non modo nostri populares, et 
groece latineq« pereruditum, sed exteri etiam permulti 
in iisque Petrus Nannius, et Achilles Statius, disertissimi 

z 18 lppendix 

illi quidem homines, atque doctissimi, ut disertissimum, 
doctissimumclue virum celebrarunt..c Nannius quidem, 
Philonem, credo, ejus objiceret, et Carmen illud crebro 
insusurraret suum ; 
Nunc Ciceronizat Latio sermone disertus 5 
Seque ex Hebroeo, Romulidem esse stupet. 
Queri possint Manutius, Sigonius, Itali omnes, quod 
Reginaldum Polum omiserim, hominem cum istorum 
ipsorum, tum Bembi etiam et Sadoleti quoque testimoniis, 
elegantem in primis et cum primis Ciceronianum. o 
Idem possent Paulus Jovius, Philippus Melancthon, 
Georgius [sic] Lilius, quod Linacrum non nominarim 
nostrum, Latinoe apud nos Linguoe, alterum quasi Vallam, 
et hominem multarum literarum laudibus egregie 
Erasmus etiam fortasse Thomœe quoque Mori, et 
Richardi Pacœei, cum aliis nominibus, tum in primis 
propter insignem illum leporem quo utriusque Oratio 
mirifice erat aspersa, et quandam Oratoriam Urbanitatem, 
faciendam contenderet mentionem. 2o 
.lii alios laudarent, proedicatione efferrent, admiraren- 
tur, nec ipse fortasse non in primis amicissimos meos, 
Clercum et Lewinum nominarem. 
De Haddono Wœeclare sentio, lta tamen ut Smithum 
et Checum in primis ponens, eum in secunda, tertiave g 
constituam. In illius Orationibus, Epistolis, Poematis, in 
quibus colligendis, divulgandisque, laudabilem tu quidem 
operam posuisiti, multa homine [Oratore] excellenti 
digna, sed quoedam etiam deprehendo, quoe meis nequa- 
quam laudibus faciant satis. 3o 
Cum Cantabrigioe in Regali vestro Collegio oetatem 
ageret, ad eorum referendus numerum videbatur, qui ex 
actione plus opinionis atque famoe, quam ex ips eloquenti 
consequeretur. I taque I-Iortensianus fortasse ab amicis, 

.,'lppemtix OE  9 

aut etiam Antonianus appellari potuit, non meruit certe 
ab omnibus Ciceronianus perhiberi. 
Vicit in quibusdam Osorium, sed eum Osorius (de 
stylo loquor) in mult6 pluribus ; et tamen ne Osorium 
quidem Ciceroniani cognomento dignarer mei. Groece 
nihil sciebat, Philosophus erat mediocris. 

Italorum Musarum  Xenia Encomiast : a peregrino 
quodam Binnemanno Typographo tradita, ut typis pro- 
mulgata ederentur : 
o Pandolphus Strozza Patricius Ferrariensis nuperrime 
in Taberni mea Londinensi, .forte fortunoe [sic] conspica- 
tus, et postea perfestinanter tumultuariis horis percurrens 
(ut fit) Gabrielis Valdinatis Poetœe Britannici Lacrymas, 
sequens Eulogium, communis jure humanitatis (homine 
5 ne de vultu alioqui noto, neque noscendo fortasse) 
apponendum curavi, publicandumque: Contubernalibus 
meis quibusdam (ne mentiar) Xenium una approbanti- 
bus, laudantibusque. 
Harveium quendam Britonem ...... Strozzœe 
zo de gente Valeque 
Apposui (Xenioli quantulicunque Ioco) Csmus 
Roselettus, Pandolphi Strozzoe Comes, quidvis potius 
quam Poeta. 
Italicum nomen .... Hoc satis, hoc superest. 

 Baker, one must suppose, copied this heading, and the comFiimentary verses 
of P. Strozza and C. Roselettus with their prefaces from Gabriel Harve),'s Manu- 
script. The whole of this matter was» however, printed at the end of Liber I (p. z7) 
of Harvey's Gratulationum I.'a/din«nsium x 578. There are a few differences ofreading 
between the printed version and Baker's, for which Baker does hot appear to be 
entirely responsible. This is rather curious, if the veres were really vritten by 
the two Itallan strangers. Hariey's heading in thi irlnted book begins 'Italorum 
duorum" not qtalorum Musarum'. In Strozza's verses there are these variants : 

1. xa. vena hoec' Baker Xenia hoec'. 
1. a9- pultabit' » «pulsabit'. 
1. zo. Heroesque' » «Herveique'. 
1. za. si pareres . . labaret' » si parias . . labascet'. 
1. z. Ricardetti' » Ricordatti'. 
1. z 5. egomet tibi:sufficit unus' ,, egomet, tibi sufficit unus'. 
1. 3o. blanditur'  'blanditioe'. 

'Verse$ oi'I 
Harve)" b)" two 

OE oE o Atppendix 

W. Lewin's 

Post G. Leuini Epistolam G. Harveii Ciceroniano 
proemissam Alia G: Leuini Epistola ad me [G: H.]privatim 
scripta paulo ante, quam illa altera typis mandaretur. 
Atmico meo spectatissimo et singulari M: Gabrieli Harveio 
Atulw Pembrochianw Socio. verso Folio. 
Charissime Harveie, Jampridem tuis in me officiis, 
meum vicissim erga te animum non excitasti modo, sed 
inflammasti etiam. Hoc vero non dicam officio, sed bene- 
ficio tuo, roture possides, arque adeo retines devinctum 
tibi. Sic igitur paucis habeto. Ex Cantabrigiensibus 
nostris quos diligo plurimos (sunt enim plurimi perstu- 
diosi cum Salutis, tum etiam Dignitatis meoe,) secundum 
[Bingum] Patrem meure, teipso neminem mihi charior- 
em esse. Hunc ex Majoribus maxime veneror arque 
suspicio: te ex Posteris plurimum amplector: Illum ipse 
secutus, te in vih iisdem vestigiis antevertens, quem tu 
tamen non sequeris modo sed jamdudum assecutus 
etiam es. Sed perge in eo, quem coepisti, proeclaro 
cursu. Virtus tua non mihi invisa, sed quotidie amabilis 
existit. Arque hoec ad ea, quoe tu ad me Latine: non zo 
enim potui nihil ad illa rescribere quamvis hoec et fuse, 
festinanter, et in mediis circumstantium clamoribus non 
satis, ut potest animadverti, numerose.n(Coetera An- 
glice, nisi quod ad extremum, ira epistolam terminavit.) 
--Hoc eo scripsi ut intimum dolorem meum, in tuum 
effundam sinum, meque aliquo modo relevem. Tu 
quoere, liber ut vivas: Hoc autem efficies, si alicui 
quoestuosoe Arti, teipsum quamprimum consecraveris. 
Vale mi Harveie, quem ego fratris loco habeo, alioqui 
non isto modo apud te, tam libere arque fidenter. Iterum 3o 
vale, et coetera quoeso illa propere, idque quam poteris 
primum. Ego jam de Aristocratih, Oligarchie, et coeteris. 
Londini decimo quinto Decemb : 1576. 
Tuus vere et perpetue, Gulielmus Leuinus. 

.4ppendix OE 2 x 

Ampliss : 
Gabr. Harveius S.P. 
V'enit ad te secundo Smithus meus, seu potius tuus, 
Honoratissime Mildmaie, vir multis nominibus specta- 
5 tissime, et venir tanquam hominis egregie literati, 
ejusdemque prudentis cum primis, atque politici proe- 
clara quoedam effigies, exemplarque propemodum singu- 
lare. In quod omnes velim humaniorum doctrinarum, 
Ciuilis disciplinoe Candidatos, et quidem nostros proeser- 
, o tim Academicos, Cantabrigienses et Oxonienses Alumnos 
assidue intueri. Non quod talem hic aliquam Ideam 
cogitatione effingam, vel adumbrem versibus, qualis 
est istorum, qui suas habent Respublicas, Imperatores, 
Principes, Senatores, Oratores, Aulicos, ne per somnia 
*S quidem aliquando visos, et omnino meras fictiones, ex 
Aristotelicarum Categoriarum Regno jampridem exter- 
minatas, et in Fortunatas, nescio quas Insulas, cum Regis 
ipsius beato relegatas : aut quod Homerico Ulissi 
aut Xenophontis Cyro invideam, non Hominibus, sed 
zo Heroibus, et Virtutibus potius quam Viris, sed quod is 
mihi Smitus, aliisque quamplurimis, vivus, mortuusque 
videretur, quem summorum Ingeniorum generosâ oemu- 
latione, mediocrium... Imitatione, proedicatione omnium 
plurimorum admiratione dignum . [Hic intervenit 
zS Hiatus.] 
Fuit namque, quod tu proeclare meministi, rarum 
quoddam communium literarum, politiorisque Humani- 
tatis, arque omnis Prudentiœe ornamentum, et quidem, 
ut verbo dicam, talis omnino fuit, qualem vix refferet 
3o altrum, Millibus ex multis bominum consultus Ipollo. Quod 
hinc vel maxime elucere potest, quod cure geminos 
nobis soles, foelicissim, œetate dederit Academia nostra, 
Henrici, dico, octavi temporibus, quibus cunctoe Intelli- 
gentioe, nec non Virtutes atque Artes, quasi e sepulchris 

Clarissimoque Equiti Gualtero Mildmaio 
letter to 
Sir W. Mildmay 

z 2 2 Appendix 

exsuscitatœe revixerunt, Smithum atque Checum, ei 
tamen primœe sint, a plerisque hominibus, et plurimarum 
rerum, et altissimarum scientiarum nomine attributœe. 
Pares erant fortasse in Latinis, oequales in Groecis. In 
reconditis quibusque Artibus, abstrusisque Disciplinis, 5 
solus sine oemulo regnabat Smithus, vel Checo ipso 
illiusque summis Admiratoribus, Principatum ei facile 
concedentibus. Id quod Budoeo uni apud Gallos, 
Erasmo apud Germanos, apud Hispanos Vivi, Miran- 
duloe apud Italos, qui Phoenix est cognomento usurpat us, o 
paucis ante annis contingebat. Si tamen istorum 
aliquis, aut etiam simul omnes, quod vix, ac ne vix 
quidem aflîrmarim, cum Smitho nostro fuerint, omni 
ex parte, et tantarum, tamque variarum rerum, atque 
Artium cognitione conferendi, optimo ut jure, suoque 5 
merito annos jam natus triginta duos, aut etiam tres, 
in splendidissimum Equitum Britannorum Ordinem, 
atque adeo ad summum, Regiorum Consiliariorum Col- 
legium cooptatus, quod perpaucis apud nos Eruditis acci- 
dit, proesertim Adolescentibus. Ex Academiœe Umbra- 2o 
culis, ubi tanta honoris, dignitatisque fundamentajecisset, 
i_n clarissimam Reip: lucem, atque Aulœe celebritatem, 
quamprimum emersisse videretur: homo non solum 
egregie, uti dixi, literatus, exquisiteque doctus, sed 
politicus etiam in primis atque prudens, et vere ad capes- 2  
senda Reip: Munera peridoneus. Ac memini quidem 
Joannem Vuddum, ejus, cure in Galli Legatus esset, 
Secretarium, solitum dicere soepenumero se Parisi's, ex 
P: Ramo, audivisse, optimo et solertissimo summorum 
Ingeniorum œestimatore, neminem illum omnium, neque 3o 
popularium suorum, neque exterorum hominum con- 
venisse, quem multiplici gravissimarum plurimarumque " 
rerum scienti, cure ipsius comparandum Avunculo 
judicaret: Legato opinione su longe proecellentissimo, 

/Ippendix OE OE 3 

atque omnibus eîuditionis, pîudentiœe, gravitatis numeris 
absoluto, maximarumque virtutum comitatu atque con- 
cursu circumsepto. Nec minus de eo honorifice sensisse 
Ludovicum Regium, eruditum Aulicum, et Historicum 
5 proecellentem, qui crebris sermonibus profitebatur, se 
nullius unquam vel Aulici, vel Academici consuetudine, 
tantam coepisse vel utilitatem, seu voluptatem. [Coetera 
desiderantur, neque ultra progreditur.] 
o Nicolai Baconis, summi Anglioe Cancellarii. 
Siccine mecum agitis Parcœe ? Sic Fata Poetam 
Reddere decrevistis, et invito mihi Carrnen 
Extorquere novum ? Jarnpridem nostra Thalia 
Abstersit lacrymas et Justinianus ad alt'rum 
,5 Tendit opus, cur me frustra tentatis in illo 
Fixum opere ? Heu semper mihi Smithus carmine 
flendus ? 
Musarumque novis lacrymis, Tumuli usque rigandi ? 
Assiduoqlte dolore dolor cumulandus, et Eheu 
2o Tristium et afflictis, renovanda Epicœenia chartis? 
Non faciarn, non si veteres illius Arnicos, 
Non si Delitias Themidis, si Gentis Honores, 
Non Patrioe si Thesauros, si lumina Regni, 
Si Decora Anglorum, si Principis Ornamenta 
25 Si prœetextati veneranda Oracla Senatus, 
Si capita Imperii, Tumulo condatis eodem ; 
Non si ipsam Astrœeam, non si ipsam Pallada, non si 
Ipsas Pierides, si Phoebum, Mercuriumque, 
Non si ipsam Sophiam, non si ipsam denique Suadam, 
3o Virtutesque omnes, tumu!o condatis eodem. 
Quorsum ego multa canam, qui j ussi Helicona valere ? 
Non si ipsum Patrioe Patrern, Themidisque Medullam, 
 This Epitaph mas printed (somewhat incorrectly) from Baker's manuscrlpt, 
along with Baker's notes on Harvey which there follow it» in the Eurolean 
Magazine, vol, xlv. p. 343- 

Epitaph o 
Sir N. l-con. 

2  4 /Ippendix 

(Horresco referens, sed vestras nemo Sagittas 
Eff'ugit ; non Heroes, non Juppiter ipse) 
Baconem (illum autem dum nomino coetera cuncta 
Nomino, quœe summi Mortales admirantur) 
Oraclum Regni, tumulo condatis eodem. 
In tamen aurato Tumulo, Doctissime Sculptor 
lllius adcle unum Carmen, quem Fata Poetam 
Effecere olim, nunc frustra expectat Apollo. 

Sepultus loquitur. 
Hunc mihi non Tumulum Membrorum sed Monu- 
Virtutum feci, Regni Lux altera Baco. 
Aut si id non placeat, malisque audire Sepulchrum, 
Tantis Divitiis, tantoque Heroe triumphans, 
Tale appone aliquod, Famâ auspice, Apolline Vate 
Propiciis Musis, multum venerabile Carmen. 

in lIargine. 

Sepulchrum loquitur. 
Cujus ego Ossa tegam, si poscis forte, Viator 
Sta modo et ausculta, Magni fuit ille Sigilli 
Custos; Heu Magni, si dixero, non ego totum 
Dixero; Reginœe, Regno, Magnatibus, Urbi 
Tris fuit ille Megistus, et ipso Hermetior Herme ; 
Judicio, Ingenio, Sophiâ, Virtuteque tantus 
Quant' allure vix Anglioe habet, vix integer Orbis 
Nomen erat Bacon, prenomen magna popello 
Promisit, majora dedit, Victoria Plebis 
Verbo appellatus, facto fuit: O tibi multos 
Det tales, talem quœe proestitit Anglia: Dixi. 
G. H. faciebat. 
[Sed neutiquam tare foelici 
Lacryme, quibus prœemittitur] 1 

genio, quam, Musarum 3o 

1 $ome notes of Baker's on Harve),'s lire follow. 



g'be Workes of our Antient and lerned English Poet, 
Geffrey Cbaucer, newly Printed [by g'. Spegbt]. 
Lond. Imp. Geor. Bisbop. 159 8. fo. 

[Bookplate :--] 
Thomas Millington of Gosfeild Hall in Com" Essex Esq. 
7o7 • 
[In Bishop Percy's hand :--] 
,o This Book is invaluable 
having belonged to 
Gabriel Harvey 
Lb D 
the distinguished Friend 
 5 of Spencer 
by containing many various 
MS. notes 
in his handwriting &c 
particularly an enumeration 
20 of the popular writers 
of their rime 
but especially one of the 
earliest mentions of 
5 concerning Gabriel Harvey 
see Wood's Athenoe 
Edit I72I. vol x... 
page I28 
[On the opposite page :--] 
30 It is remarkable that this Book which was published in 1598 
was immediately purchased by Gabriel Harvey, who writ many 
things in it concerning the popular Poets &c of that period, 
and especially Spencer, whom he mentions under the naine of 
Axiophilus: and all these entries were made in I598 ; fbr 

OE OE 6 .4ppendix II 

Spencer died in Jan y I598_ 9 : For the following MS Note has 
been round entered in a Copy of the 2'a. part of the Fairy 
Queen printed in 1596 , after the name in the Title Page, 
Ed. Sp. * 
• Qui obiit apud Diversorium in platea regia apud ,Vest- 
monasterium . . IO ° die Jan. ,598. juxtaque Geffereum 
Chaucer in eadem elia supradict. (honoratissimi Comitis 
Essexioe impensis) sepelit : 
Henry Capell * 
• Father of the first Lord Capel. The above-mentioned 
copy was pick e. up by Mr. Brand Sec »'. of y" antiqL Society & 
the notice of it sent me by Mr. Edm. Malone, DecL 9 18o9_ 
Tho. Dromore. 

Title page. 

c iii" 
Chaucer and 

c mj 

gabriel haruey. 1598. 
[After ' To tbe Readers' Harvey has added the naine :m]  5 
Tho. Speght. 
[At end of Chaucer's Life :m] 
Amongst the sonnes of the Inglish Muses; Gower, 
Lidgate, Heywood, Phaer, & a fewe other of famous 
memorie, ar meethinkes, good in manie kindes: but 20 
abooue all other, Chawcer in mie conceit, is excellent 
in euerie veine, & humour: & none so like him for 
gallant varietie, both in marrer, & forme, as Sir Philip 
Sidney: if all the Exercises which he compiled after 
Astrophil, & Stella, were consorted in one volume. 25 
Works in mie phansie, worthie to be intituled, the 
flowers of humanitie. Axiophilus in one of his Inglish 
[On ' .drguments to euery ale and Booke 'mon '4rgument 
to the Prologues" :m] 3o 
Pleasant interteinement ofTime, with sociable inter- 
course of Tales, stories, discourses, & merriments of all 
fashions, Gallant varietie of notable reines, & humors in 
manie kinds, supra fo his loouing frend, concerning his 
obseruation of the art of Decorum in his Tales. A fine 

/Ippendix H OE OE 7 

discretion in the autor : & a pithie note in the Censor. 
utrunque scitum. 
[On' Tbe Knigbts tale'--on the words 'deeds of Atrmes, and 
loue of Ladies 


 Heroical pageants. 
[On ' The Millars tale':--] 
Comical tricks. The Prior disguised like a scull, 
shamefully discouered, in the new Canterburie Tales. 
[On ' Tbe Reues tale':--] 
,o Such a reueng vpon Marian of Cherryhynton, bie 
Sir Rowland of Peters hostell in Cambridg. In the new 
Canterburie Tales, called The Cobler of Canterburie. 
A Tragedie for a Comedie. 
Tria grata ; Nouitas, Varietas, breuitas. 
  [On ' Tbe Mon of Lawes Tale' :] 
Courtlie practises. 
[On ' Tbe Squiers tale" :] 
Heroical, & magical feates. 
[On ' Tbe Mercbaunts tale':--] 
[On 'ff'he Fryars ta/e'--on the words ' inuectiue against 
the briberie of the spirituall courts':--] 
Ecclesiastical iurisdiction. J.c. 
[On ' Tbe Somners tale":--] 
An od lest in scorne of friars. 
[On' The Clarke of Oxfor«s tale' :--] 
Moral, & pathetical. 
[On ' The Frankelins tale'mon the words ' The scope of 
this tale seemeth a contention in curtesie':--] 
A generous Emulation.. Magical feates bie the way. 
[On ' The second Normes tale':--] 
An Ecclesiastical Legend. The life of S. Crispin, in 
honour of the gentle Craft, for varietie. The liues of 
Eunapius, Philostratus, or such like. 

e iilj" 

OEOE 8 Ippendix H 

[On ' Tbe Cbanons yeomans tale':u] 
A chymical discourse, & discouerie of a cunning 
impostour. One of Axiophilus memorials: with that 
lost labour of Aurelius. Two notable discourses of 
cunning withowt effect. 
[On ' The Shipmans tale" :] 
The Smithes tale, in the new Canterburie Tales. A 
iealous Cobler, cunningly ruade a Cuckold. In the 
Coblers tale, the Eight orders of Cuckholds. Cuckold 
Machomita. Heretick. Lunatick. Patient. Incontinent. 
Bie consent. Bie parlament. Innocent. 
[On ' Chaucers tale':--] 
[On ' The Monkes ta/e'--on the words ' /Tragicall dis- 
course on such as baue fallen from bigh estate to extreame 
miserie" :m] 
The Mirrour of Magistrates. 
[On ' Tbe Manciples tale' :] 
No Tales like the Tales of cunning Experiments, or 
straung exploits, or queint surprises, or stratagems, or 
miracles, or sum such rare singularities. 
[On ' Tbe Plowmans tale' :] 
Ecclesiastical abuses. For tales ofthriftie, husbandlie, 
& prosperous courses, none like the reuiued stories of 
Jack of Newberie, Dick of \¥orcester, Tom of Redding, 
Will of Salsburie, Georg of Glocester, & diuers such : 
who grew passing wealthie & famous bie their trades. 
[On ' Uhe Persons tale':] 
Moral, & penitential. The last of his Canterburie 
tales, with Lidgates tragical storie of Thebes. 
[On ' Troylus and Creseid' :-] 
A peece of braue, fine, & sweet poetrie. One of 
Astrophils cordials. 

Appendix H OE oE 9 

3o [' 

[On ' Tbe Legend of Good women ' :] 
Heroical, & tragical Legends. 
[On ' Tbe tstrolabe':--] 
An astronomical discourse. 
5 [On ' Tbe Testament of Love':--] 
A philosophical discourse in the veine of Boetius, & 
sumtime of Seneca. 
[After ' Finis' :] 
All notable Legends in one respect, or other: & 
l o worthie to be read, for theire particular invention, or 
elocution : & specially for the varietie both of matter, 
& manner, that delightes with proffit, & proffittes with 
delight. Thowgh I could haue wisshed better choice of 
sum arguments, and sum subiects of more importance. 
  [On the text of the poems :] 
[' Tbe Millers tale :] 
A student of Astrologie. 
['Tbe Squiers tale' :--] 
The Spring: vt supra jnfra. 
zo Cunning Compositions bie Natural Magique. f« 24" 
[' çhe Frankeleins tale" :] 
A cunning man, & arch-magician. 
[' Tbe tale of tbe Cbanons yeman' :] 
z The great Alchymist. 
[' Fhe tale of tbe Normes priest" :] eo. 87 
The spring. The prime of the day. 
[' çbe Plowmans tale' :] 
The Clergie. 
Tbe Parsons prologue' :] « 97 
the description of the howre, ut supra I7. 
Contritio cordis. 
[' Tbe Romant of the Rose" :] 
Excellent descriptions of Beautie. Richesse. Largesse. 

fo. 9 8 

OE3 ° lppendix H 

««*'3 Fine Optiques. 
«« *3s Jelosies architecture. 
f« z4 [, The fifih Booke of Troilus':m] 
A cold spring. 
[' The Prologue' (to the Legend of good Itomen) :mi S 
«« z98 The daisie, his looue. 
f« ,99 The goulden Legends of famous Ladies, & XVorthie 
Chaucers VTorks in honour of Woomen. 
f« z4 [, The Floure of Curtesie ruade by Iohn Lidgate' :] o 
S. Valentines night. 
fo.:47 I-ST] [' Tbe assemblie of Ladies' :] 
the fall of the leafe. 
f« 6,. ['of tbe .4strolabie'mafter ' Tbe conclusions of tbe .4stro- 
labie" :]  S 
Nouem folia proegnantissimi adhuc vsus: et ipsa 
margarita astronomica. 
f« 7o [' The complaint of the blacke Knight" :] 
A Maie morning described. 
«o. z76 [« of the blacke Knighte':--] zo 
f«,ss plu oltre. 
f« ,s6 [, the testament of Loue" :] 
To his peerles Margarite. 
fo- 3ss" [' Chaucers dreame':m] z5 
f« 36s" [, The Floure and the Leafe':] 
fo. 37 ° [« (Lidgates) Story of Thebes' :] 
Spring supra. 30 
f« 37" The scrupulous calculation ofOedipus his natiuitie. 
f« 3s3 [On the opening of' The thirdpart':] 
planer Mars. 

.lppendix II z3  

[At end of the poems :--] 
Not manie Chawcers, or Lidgates, Gowers, or Occleues, 
Surries, or Heywoods, in those dayes: & how few 
Aschams, or Phaers, Sidneys, or Spensers, Warners or 
Daniels, Siluesters, or Chapmans, in this pregnant age. 
But when shall we tast the preserued dainties of Sir 
Edward Dier, Sir Walter Raleigh, M. secretarie Cecill, 
the new patron of Chawcer; the Earle of Essex, the 
King of Scotland, the soueraine of the diuine art; or a 
few such other refined wittes & surprising spirits ? No 
maruell, thowgh Axiophilus be so slowe in publishing 
his exercises, that is so hastie in dispatching them : being 
one, that rigorously censures himself; vnpartially ex- 
amines other ; & deemes nothing honorable, or com- 
mendable in a poet, that is not diuine, or illuminate ; 
singular, or rare ; excellent, or sum way notable. I dowbt 
not, but it is the case of manie other, that haue drunk 
the pure water of the virgin fountaine. And Chryso- 
technus esteemes a singular poet worth his weight in 
gould : but accountes a meane versifier a Cipher in the 
algorisme of the first philosopher : who imitated none, 
but the harmonie of heauen; & published none, but 
goulden verses. The precious v«fi r, that deserued the 
siluer commentaries of Hierocles in Greek : Stephanus 
Niger in Latin : & Angel Politian in fine Tuscan. Giue 
mee such goulden Verses: or diamant Cantos: or in- 
chanting sonets : or percing epigrams" or none. Few 
translate excellently, or suflîciently well ; yet meethinkes 
neither exquisite Virgil is wronged bie Doctor Phaer: 
nor pithie Horace bie archdeacon Drant : nor conceited 
Ouid bie M. Goulding : nor sententious Seneca, nor sage 
Euripides, nor learned Palingenius bie the gentlemen 
that bestowed an Inglish Liuerie vpon them. More of 
Chaucer, & his Inglish traine in a familiar discourse of 

The rar spirlts 
of the age. 


OE 3 OE tppenatx 11 

The o. 394" 
most admlred 
of contempor- 
ary poets : 






f« 9 [On'.//Catalogue of translations and Poetical deuises . . done 
by John Lidgate '--on' Kings of England since the conquest 
to Edward the fourth." :--] 
[On' The life of S. Mrgaret . . . ':--] 
goulden Legends. 
[On' The seuen partes of wisdome' :] 
Like Gascoigns flowers, herbs, and weeds. Heywoods 
prouerbs, with His, & Sir Thomas Mores Epigrams, 
may serue for sufficient supplies of manie of theis 
deuises. And now translated Petrarch, Ariosto, Tasso, 
& Bartas himself deserue curious comparison with 
Chaucer, Lidgate, & owre best Inglish, auncient & 
moderne. Amongst which, the Countesse of Pembrokes 
Arcadia, & the Faerie Queene ar now freshest in request: 
& Astrophil, & Amyntas ar none of the idlest pastimes 
of sure fine humanists. The Earle ofEssex much com- 
mendes Albions England: and hot unworthily for 
diuerse notable pageants, before, & in the Chronicle. 
Sum Inglish, & other Histories nowhere more sensibly 
described, or more inwardly discouered. The Lord 
Mountioy makes the like account of Daniels peece of 
the Chronicle, touching the Vsurpation of Henrie of 
Bullingbrooke. which in deede is a fine, sententious, & 
politique peece of Poetrie : as proffitable, as pleasurable. 
The younger sort takes much delight in Shakespeares 
Venus, & Adonis : but his Lucrece, & his tragedie of 
Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke, haue it in them, to please 
the wiser sort. Or such poets: or better: or none. 
Vilia miretur vulgus : mihi flavus Apollo 
Pocula Castalioe plena ministret aquoe: 
quoth Sir Edward Dier, betwene lest, & earnest. Whose 
written deuises farr excell most ofthe sonets, and cantos 

.4ppendix H z33 

in print. His Amaryllis, & Sir Walter Raleighs Cynthia, 
how fine & sweet inuentions? Excellent matter ofemula- 
tion for Spencer, Constable, France, Watson, Daniel, 
Warner, Chapman, Siluester, Shakespeare, & the test 
S ofowr florishing metricians. I looke t'or much, aswell in 
verse, as in prose, from mie two Oxford frends, Doctor Gager, 
Gager, & M. Hackluit : both rarely furnished for the Hakl,..t, 
purpose: & 1 have a phansie to Owens new Epigrams, Owen, 
as pithie as elegant, as plesant as sharp, & sumtime as 
o weightie as breife : & amongst so manie gentle, noble, 
& royall spirits meethinkes 1 see sum heroical thing in the 
clowdes: mie soueraine hope. Axiophilus shall forgett 
himself, or will remember to leaue sum memorials 
behinde him : & to make an vse ofso manie rhapsodies, 
l S cantos, hymnes, odes, epigrams, sonets, & discourses, as 
at idle howers, or at flowing fitts he hath compiled. God 
knowes what is good for the world, & fitting for this age. 
[After ' Finis' :] Last page. 
gabrielis harueij, et amicorum. 598. 
o Un raro assai plu, che Cento mediocri. 
The fine p6esies of Sir Thomas More. Po,tical writ- 
ings of Sir 
A merrie iest, how a sergeant woold learne to play Thoma o,e. 
the frere. 
A goodlie hanging of fine painted clothe in his fathers 
• 5 house in London : with nine Pageants, and verses ouer 
euerie image of those pageants. 
His Meters for the booke of Fortune: proefixed before 

that booke. 
The words of" Fortune to the people. 
To them that trust in Fortune. 
To them that seek Fortune. 

His preface to 
ye booke of 

A lamentation of the death of queen Elisabeth, 
moother to King Henrie the Eight, & eldest dawghter 
to King Edward the fourth, which Queen died in 

OE34 /Ippendix H 

Tweiue rules of John Picus earle of Mirandula, 
partly exciting, partIy directing a man in spiritual 
battaile. The twelue weapons of spiritual battaile, 
more fully declared. 
The twelue properties of a loouer, more openly ex- 5 
pressed in Balade. 
His Latin Epitaph upon his two wiues, Joane, & 
Two short ballets, made for his pastime, while he 
was prisoner in ye tower of London. Lewys the lost o 
Loouer. Dauy the Dycer. Both to Fortune. 
Ex vna, et altera Oda Philomelam. Sure of Hey- 
woods Epigrams, ar supposed to be the conceits, & 
deuises of pleasant Sir Thomas More. 



*** For other references to a person or subject consult the Index. Where 
note i wantîng, it ma l, be round under a,other reference. 

p. 87, 1.3 swaddisbly, lumpishly, 1. 5, a swad, a lumpish fellow. 
p. 87, 1.8 tbe rigbt pragmaticall, the truc man of affairs. The 
substantival use of "pragmatical' is very rare. See N. E. D. 
p. 87, 1.24 albis equispreecurrerunt. Hot. Sot. I. vil. 8: "Sisennas, 
Barros ut equis proecurreret albis.' Erasmus, Adag., ch. I, 
cent, iv, 2I. 
p. 88, 1.2 dpthonij 8aphia. phthonius, a Greek rhetorician of 
ntioch, wrote an introduction to the study of Rhetoric, 
called Progymnasmata, c. 315 A.p. The work was much 
read in the x6th century. 
p. 88, 1.21 flnt bynd, fastfynd. Occurs in Heywood's Proverbs. 
Harvey's lI/orks (Grosart), ii. 311 : 'Heywoods Fast binde, 
& fast finde.' Cf. Shakespeare, M. af l/en., II. v. 54. 
p. 88, 1. SI Angelus Furius. 'Angelus Furius' stands, I suppose, 
for Harvey's conception ofthe perfect man of action. There 
isan unprinted note ofhis in his Oovop«, p. 176: ")kudatia, 
et sedulitas Furij: Humanitas, et Eloquentia Angeli: egregioe, 
et diuinoe Virtutes.' Cf. p. IO8, I. 3o, and Harvey's IUorks 
(Grosart), i. 277 : 'The bravest [----finest] man is.. A Fury 
in execution, an )kngel in conuersation.' 
p. 89, I. 19 principium, dimidium Totius. "  " " 
apll Ilp«v zravroç. 
Erasmus Adag., ch. I, cent. ii, 39- Cf. p. I7, 1.2. n. 
p. 89,1.29 f.C. Jurisconsultus. The explanation would be 
needless, if one student of Harvey's r.otes had hot seen in 
these letters an allusion to Sir John Cheke. 
p. 89, I. 7- 9 Bartalus. Bartolus or Bartholus de Saxo-ferrato (I 3137 
 13567), a famous jurisconsult. His Tractatus iudiciorum was 
printed in 1477: again, with Processus Satbane contra genus 
bumanum at Paris in  510 (?) -" his collected works at Lyons in 
1544, Venice, 159 ° (I I volumes, fo.), &c. Fichardus, Fitee 
recentiorum Iuris cansultarum, writes :  Est proeterea qui scribit 
•. Bartolum ad pondus comedere solitum fuisse, vt intellectum 
haberet pariter dispositum, & nunquam alteratum.' The 
statement is repeated by T. Zwinger, Tbeatrum P'itee bumanee 
(Bas/l., I57I , p. 1184) , and in the Biag. Gttnelrale. 


p- 89,1- 34 Goblerus. Justin Gobler, a German jurist, was born at 
St. Goar c. 1496-x 5o3, and died in 1567 . He was the author 
of Spiegel der Rechten, Frankf., 1552, fo., Collectio Conciliorum 
l/'ariorum, ibid. x 565, fo., and Gerichtliche Processe, ibid. 1578, fo. 
p. 89, I. 34 Dr. Haruey. Henry Harvey, LL.B., x 538, LL.D., 
1542; Master of Trinity Hall, 1559-8415, when he died. 
See p. 46- 
p. 9 o, 1. x 3 Ctesar magna gerenda dicebat, non consultanda, quippe 
in quibus plurimum pollent /ludatia, et Celeritas. Èrasmus, 
/Ipophth. iv. under 'C. Julius Coesar,' 6: ' Facinora.. magna 
gerenda esse dicebat: at de his non consultandum, quod ad hoec 
perficienda plurimum habeat momenti celeritas. Expensio 
vero periculi revocat hominem ab audacia.' Erasmus seems 
to be following Plutarch's /Ipophth. (Ioralia, :zo6 B., ed. 
Xylander), where it is said of Coesar, rGv  rolanlartov rà 
p. 9 O, 1. I 5 Cicero, triduo ee voluit Juricomultu. Cic. pro. 
Murena, xiii. 28: «si mihi homini vehementer occupato 
stomachum moveritis, triduo me Jure consultum esse 
profitebor.'E. B. 
p. 9 o, I. 15 ï'e French/Iduocatejn/Ilphonsus Court. Cf. p. I46, 
l. 13" Cf. Job. Santes' Speculum boni Principis (Amst., x 646,) 
p. 82: Cum accepisset Gallum Medicum, acutissimi quidem, 
sed avarissimi ingenii Sophistam, relicta Medicina, ad causas 
agendas sese convertisse, forumque omne sophismatibus invol- 
vere; illum foro prohibuit, decreto edito, ut omnis lis, quam 
Gallus patronus susciperet, ipso iure haberetur i niqua & iniusta. 
Pan. 1.4- c. 38. Ms. 42? Santes' reference is to the work of 
Panormitanus (Ant. Beccadelli of Palermo) De dictis etfactis 
regis 41phonsi, libri iv, Pisa,  485---E. B. 
p. 9 o, I. 23 Memento . . Cesaris Borgie in polemicis. Coesar 
Borgia (1476-15o7), son of Pope Alexander VI. In his 
Commonplace Book, 52", Harvey has ' celeritas in Valentino 
Duce,' ' Borgioe calliditas,'' Coesare Borgia nemo Audatior,' 
and seems to be referring to ' Sabellicus, Enneadis, xi, lib. I' 
i.e., to the Rhapsodite historiarum enneades (1498-15o4) of 
Marcus Antonius Cocceius. On p. 2 13 of his Gassarus Harvey 
writes: Sic Coesar Borgia, ex Cardinale Valentino, factus 
Dux Valentinus, et summus Italioe princeps.' 
p. 9 o, 1. :z 5 Ferdinandi Hispani. Ferdinand of Cordova (cf. p. 9 x, 
1.4), ff- x 5 o. He had a reputation for universal knowledge. 
p.9o, l. 27 Falerio Petroniano Eudromo. Cf. Lud. Coelius Rhodi- 

Notes OE39 

ginus, Lectionum antiquarum libb. xxx, XlX, c. ix, col. o57 (ed. 
Geneva, 62o):--Illud ab hoc haud ira dissentaneum, ab 
Grlecis • t, , 
vopo/ovç, id est eudromos nuncupari, qui ingenii 
facilitate prleceleri multa breui obierint. Nain sic Petronianum 
Valerium iegimus honestatum, siquidem oetatis anno tertio ac 
vicesimo humanum tenuit Jus ac diuinum, medicinoe nec 
imperitus, ut ciuilia prœeteream, & toties obitas legation, es in 
digitos non mittamus.' The dates of Coelius Rhodiginus, or 
Ricchieri of Rovigo, seem to be 45o-152o.--E. B. 
Harvey adopted the word Eudromus' as he adopted 
' Eutrapelus' (' the man of the worid '), ' Euscopius' (' the 
good marksman '), 'Eunomius' (' the good lawyer'), 'Angelus 
Furius ' ( the man of sweetness and force '), for the ideai he 
set belote him in lire. In a note in his Hopperus, p. 5o2, he 
speaks of three books as  pugio Eudromi'" and in one in 
his Quintilian, p. 648 , writes:  Nullum temporis momentum 
Eudromo perdendum.' 
p. 9 o, l. 32 Ower litle Hubert. One wouid suppose that this was 
Harvey's youngest brother. I bave, however (p. 5), given some 
reasons for thinking the youngest of the Harveys was named 
Thomas, while no Hubert Harvey appears in the Saffron 
Waiden Registers. On the other hand, there was a family of 
the surname Hubert known at Walden. Cf. my note on 
p. 137 , i. 8 adfin. The chiefbranch ofthe family was repre- 
sented by Edward Hubert, or Huberd, of Birchanger, one of 
the six clerks in Chancery (HarL Soc. PubL, xiv. 584), whose 
son Francis (art. Sir Francis H. of Stansted Mountfitchet) 
was matric, at Oxford in 1584 at the age of 15, and adm. to 
Lincoln's Inn in 587. XVas Francis the 'iittle Hubert' in 
question ? 
p. 91 , l. 4 Domify. To divide the heavens into  houses', 
according to the principles of astrology. See Skeat's Chaucer, 
Giossary ' Hous '. 
p. 9 , i.  7 Egnatius. Giov. Baptista Cipelli (cailed Egnazio), 
x473-553. The book is loannis Baptiste Egnatii . . De 
exemplis illustrium [/'irorun ["enet,e ciuitatis arque allarum 
Gentium. Venetijs, 1554" Cf. p. 92, i. 2 ; p. I22, l. 27. 
P" 91' l. 18 Dandulus. The story of Francisco Dandulo is told 
by Egnatius, ut sup., iib. III, cap. iii, ' De Patientia'; and 
again, lib. iv, cap. v, iib. vi, cap. il and cap. iv. Cf. p. 97, l. o. 
p. 91, 1.23 Itnico 4retino. Pietro Aretino. Cf. Nashe, l'nfortu- 
nate Traveller (ll/'orks, ed. McKerrow, II, 265, i. 26)" ''oure 

OE4o Notes 

vniuersities honoured Aretine wyth these rich titles, llflagello 
de principi, Il veritiero, lI deuino, & L" vnico 4retino' : on w hich 
Dr. McKerrow remarks: 'The last title., seems to be 
merely an error; it properly belonged to the poet Bernardo 
Accolti . . Harvey makes the same mistake, IIorks, ed. 
Grosart, , 25, I, 272.' Mr. Bullen points out that, if 
Harvey and Nashe are wrong, they err in company with 
Sir John Harington, who in his notice of Dr. ,V. Cotton, 
Bishop of Exeter, refers to Petro Aretino, whom . . some 
Italians call unico & divino" (Nugte /tntiqt«e, ed. 18o4, ii, 
p. 9,1.9_ 4 owldMr, lI'ythipoll. At the end of Twootbervery 
commendable Letters (I58O), Harvey prints some Latin verses 
with a paraphrase by Dr. Gouldingham made  at the request 
of olde M. ,Vythipoll of Ipswiche,' an English translation by 
Olde Maister rVythipol,' and a paraphrase of the last by 
Harvey made at M. Peter ,Vythipolles request, for his 
Father.' (Reprinted in Spenser's II/orks, ed. de Selincourt, 
pp. 649-, 643). ' Owld Mr. .Vythipoll' was therefore the 
father of Harvey's contemporary, Peter ,Vythipoll (see p. 185, 
1. 9), who graduated B.C.L. of Cambridge in 1579--3, and 
was Fellow of Trinity Hall till about 58o. 
Further information is given by a pedigree of«rVythipool of 
Ipswich' of the date  56 , printed in C. Metcalfe's l"isitations 
of Sufl'olk, p. 89_. The first of the family to sertie in Ipswich 
was Edmond rVythipool, Esq., who married Elizabeth, dau. 
ofThos. Hynde of London, became the father ofeleven sons 
and seven daughters, and died in May,  589-. His third son was 
Bartholomew, his fifth Daniel, his eighth Peter.  Daniel' was 
no doubt the Daniel W. who graduated B.A. in  559-6o and 
M.A. in 1563. Further, Bartholomew and Daniel are clearly 
the men known to us as the friends of the poet Gascoigne. 
It was to  master Bartholmew Withipoll' that Gascoigne 
addressed Councel . a little before his latter journey to 
Geane, 1572, ' and both brothers are referred to by Harvey in 
his verses on Gascoigne's death in 577 (Letterbook, p. 57):-- 
But praythe see where Withipolls cum 
Daniel and Batt both atonse 
In soothe their odd copesmate thou wert.' 
It further becomes probable that Peter Wythipoll was the 
P. W.' whose verses are prefixed to Gascoigne's Posies. 
P" 9, 1.9-7 Chi la dura, la rince. A translation of  vincit qui 

Notes 241 

patitur' (quoted by Harvey, ll/orks, II, 3 1 2) round in thecouplet 
« Nobile vincendi genus est patientia, vincit 
Qui patitur. ,Si vis vincere, disce pari.' 
(Gartner, Proverb. Dicta, 157o, .. fo. 8o}. See Notes and Queries, 
l oth Series, iv. 417.--E. 13. 
P" 91, l. 27 R°ger°s flying horse. Ariosto, Orlando Furioso, xxii, l. 25, 
« il volante destrier' &c. 
p. 91, l. 28 l/'ita, vigilia. Cf. p. 209, i. IO. Pii**y, EI. ad. lresp. 
(prefixed to the Historia Naturalis): ' Profecto enina vita 
vigilia est '. 
p. 91,1.28 Triplex Entelechia. Cf. p. 12I, 1. 3 n. 
P" 91, ]. 3 ° Captain Skynkes late /lduenture. For Martin Schenck's 
exploit at Venio in I $86, see Motley's United Netherland», 
ii. 2o, and ,Stow's/lnnals (I 615) where he is called ' Coronell 
,Skinke' (p. 7 1 $), « Sir Martin ,Skinke ' (p. 7 1 7)" 
p. 92, l. 7 Ir°s etenim Juuen«s animos g«ritis muliebres : lllaque 15rgo 
viri. Ennius in Cic. de Off., 1. xviii. 61 : Vos, etenim, iuvenes, 
animum geritis muliebrem, Illa virago viri. 
p. 92, l. 13 ad omnia quark. Cf. p. 196, l. 16 ; p. 202, l. I I. 
Dr. McKerrow (note on Impacyente Pouerte, l. 79) quotes 
the Macro Plays, ed. Furnivall and Pollard, p. 21 (»Iankind, 
1. $71), 'I xall answere hym ad omnia quare,' and Holinshed's 
Chronicle (ed. 1 $86-7) , il. IOO b: ' maister Ailmer.. vpon the 
lord Cromwell his forewarning, was so weil armed for his high- 
nesse, as he shewed himselfe in his discourse, by answering Atd 
omnia ŒEuÆre, to be a man woorthie to supplie an office of so 
great credit.' 
p. 92, l. 17 Marlim Puteolanam. Petrarch (Eplst. de reb.fam., 
v. 4, ed. Fracassetti, i, p. .62) gives a lively account of this 
Amazon, whom he had just met again at Puteoli after an interval 
ofyears. Hisletter, to which I was directed by Dr. McKerrow, 
isdated from Baioe, 23 No,,. [1343]. Harvey's account is, 
however, a transcript from Egnatius' De exemplis lllustrium 
Grorum, lib. 1Il, where the section ' De Ioanne Virgine 
Gallica' is foIlowed by ' De Maria Puteolana '. 
p. 92,1.3 ° That/1 woman shoold prooue Pope. Pope Joan, who 
was said to bave been Pope from the year 854 to 856. 
p. 92, l. 31 Judith. See Judith, xiii. 
p. 92, l. 32 /Innibal, vsing . . to ryse uery early, &c. For part 
of this account, ci: Livy, xxi. 4 : ' multi soepe militari sagulo 
opertum humi iacentem . . conspexerunt.' 
P" 93, 1.4 $cipio was woont to eate his bread, as he walked . . . 


Cf. Plut. Moralia, o I C (among the 'A,-roç0. [3a«,gwv rai 
«rparnTov--ofthe younger Scipio at the siege of Numantia) 
Poérae  àPrfi, pv éraç ivPov 
P- 93- 1.6.  hunters ast. A rough-and-ready hurried meal : 
cf. Dekker's Shoemakers Holid,, il. 5: 
'You shall be guest 
To no good chcare but euen a hunters feast.' 
So hunter's ms'= hasty prayers.A. H. B. 
P- 93,1.6 tanquam canis, bibens t Nilo, et giens. Cri Harvey 
Hrks» .  9  : The wittier sort tasteth, & flieth : as the Dog 
from Nilus'. Erasmus, dag., ch. 
Nilo'. Erasmus says» 'Id adagij natum est ex apophthegmate 
quodam: cuius meminit Macrobius Saturnalium lib. 
7]. Id est hujusmodi: Post fugam Mutinensem, quoeren- 
tibus quid ageret Antoniu% quidam . . respondit: Quod canis 
in Aegypto, bibit et fugit. Nam in illis regionibus constat 
canes raptu Crocodilorum exterritos, bibere & fugere.' De 
Vocht (Invloed» . 238 ) refers also to Pliny, Nat. Hist., viii. 
48» and Aelian, Far. Hist.» . 4. Professor Summers refers 
me to Phoedrus, , xxv» 3, 4- 
P- 93, I. 7  match, & away. Also in Harvey's lUorks (Grosart), 
t. 3 o. 
P. 93, 1.9 lasinissa, being zversquore  ten yeares owld was 
woonte . . to eate his meate» . standing boire bis pauilion. 
Plutarch,  An seni gerenda sit res publica' (Aloralia, 79 
792 a in Xylander's ed.  599) has 
prpo«Ov rç r,rç oç0o,«« rç " " " 
" • • . " - 
«o'ç ur«?6v «ïprov laO[ovra.E. B. Polybius seems 
hardly to say so much. 
p. 93,1. z6 Sanat, doctificat, ditat quoque, Surgere Man. The 
book of proverbial commonplaces Carminum Proverbialium 
loti communes, Lond.,  579 (by S. A. I.), h this line in two 
forms: p.  8%  Sanat sanctificat ditat 
P-  99, ' Sanat, viuificat ditat quoque surgere man6.' 
P- 93, 1.  7 Surgere manè citb» spacium peragrareque erb, 
Hc facient pukhros horaire's, mnosque, alacresque. 
The couplet is round in Carminum . Proverbialium 
communes (Lond., 579), P- 89, where the second line 
runs: ' Hoc faciet pulchros homine% sanosque iocundos.' 

Notes 243 

P. 93,1.21 In y bookcs of y, Kings, &c. Cf.  Kings, vii, t2; 
!/111 2I. 
P" 93, 1.25-- p. 94, 1.  5 T. #Iartius. Harvcy is paraphrasing 
the account of T. Marcius's exploit given in Frontinus, 
8trategemata, i. x. 2 (as Professor Summers has pointed out 
to me). The original source is Livy, xxv. 37-40, where in 
the Teubner text the story is told of' L. Marcius,' (indexed 
as ' C. Marcius '). 
P- 94- 1.20. collection = conclusion, deduction. 
P- 94, 1.24 On lron in )'e'er atonce. The N.E.D. quotes from 
Sir W. Paget (x 549)" 'Put no more so many yrons in the fyre 
at OIIES.  
P- 94, 1.24 ïv pbç" ïv. Cf. Harvey, IIrks (ed. Grosart, II.  44, 
if the misprint be corrected):" Aristotle's Law  lmtru- 
ments, , wp6ç" û,." The reference is therefore to Aristot. PoL 
. ii. 3" obOiv 7àp 
wooTç ïpTo,ç fi" v ouov. The phrase is therefore 
used by Harvey to mean" one instrument to one task.' 
E. B. 
p. 9,1. uS Langrauius Hai. Probably Philip the Magnani- 
mous (15o4-67) , but I bave hOt traced the story. 
P- 9, 1.27 Ne Hercule çuldem contrà duos. Erasmus, da£a , 
ch. I, cent. v, $9, quotes Plato, 
P" 94,1.3o Machiauel. Discord wpra la prima Deca di Tito Livio, 
II. I. 
P-95,1-5 neas 8yluius. Aen. Sylv. Piccolomini (4o5-64) 
became Pope Pius II in t458. He wrote, Commentariorum 
de gestis Basiliemis concilii libri il, Basil., 535, fo., and 
Commentarii rerum memorabilium qum temporibus mis contigerunq 
Ven., 477- 
P- 95, 1.  5 Fit giem, denu$ pugnabit. Epigrammatum delectus 
0683), p. 525" ' Vit fugiens denuo pugnabit. 
«; 6t,, «V]«tra,. Plutarch.' Erasmus, pophth. (Op. iv. 
227 E.)" Demosthenes . . quum ad pugnam ventum esset 
illico projecto clypeo aufugit. Id qtltlnl illi probro daretur . . 
elusit vulgato versiculo: "Avp 
Id est" Vit qui fugit, rursum integrabit prœelium.' (H. de 
Vocht, lnvloed van Erasmus, I. 66.) 
P. 95,1. 16 butr hope, y« Hart wooM brust. Camden's Remains: 
 Without hope, the hcart would break.' 

OE44 Notes 

P- 95, l. 19 Senecee dtnatot'ium poculum, d qulbus amari . . uis, eos 
ut.. ames. Sen., Ep. ix. § 6: ' Hecaton ait: Ego tibi monstrabo 
amatorium sine medicamento, sine herba, sine ullius veneficoe 
carmine; Si vis amari, ama.W. C. S. 
P-95, I. 3 o Probatio ad 8olcm. Is hot the reference to young 
eagles having their eyes exposed to the sun's rays ? cf. Lucian, 
Piscator, cap. 46, 6 ' ïTkoc,  H«n««n, roJ« 
p. 96, 1.2 Jub«rius. William Aubrey, LL.D.,  529195 . Sec 
D.N.B.IHis epitaph, written by Rev. Geo. Coryate, fathcr 
ofTom Coryate, the traveller, and printed in an Appendix to 
Coryaf Cruditic, contains the lines: 
Audiit Oxonii superantem se sua Princeps, 
Tunc admirata est ingeniumque suum, 
Quum tot Pandcctas, quum tanta volumina lcm 
Tare cito, tam subito volueret ore suo. 
Cf. p. 46,1. 8. 
p. 96, I. 2 Hammondus. John Hammond, LL.D, 542-89. 
See D.N.B. 
p. 96, I. 6 Figel. Nic. Vigel, Professor of law at Marburg, 
d. 16oo. Author of Juris civilis totius absolutiima mctbodus, 
Basil., 56, Juris pontiflcii methodus, Rcpertorium Juri, 
ethodus regularum utriusque Juris. 
P-96, 9 DDD. These letters occur in an unprinted note of 
Harvey's in his Hopperus, p. 3o8 : « Bertachini Repertorium 
cure Elenchis DDD.' Do they mean ' Diversorum Doc- 
torum ' ? 
p. 96, I.  7 8pcculator. This name was applied to Gnilielmus 
Durandus after his publication of his eculum in  27 . He 
died soon affer he was 3 o. The 8p,xulum was edited by Jo. 
Andrea in  347 (Jo. Fichardus, IS"tae recentiorum luriscomuL 
torum). It was printed at Rome in 474- Harvey seems to 
have used an abridgment. In a note in his Otot,o#t«, p. 193, 
he writes « distinctionibus . . Speculatoris . . abbreuiati.' 
p. 96, I. 3 o Oliuer,'tto. I am indebted to Mr. V. A. B. Coolidge 
and Mr. I.. R. M. Strachan for notes which they kindly sent 
to Notes and Queries ( th Series, v. pp. 392,473, 9 Nov. and 
 4 Dec., 9  2) in answer to my query. Oliveretto, properly 
Oliverotto, of Fermo, a condottiere, got possession ofFermo by 
foui means and held it for a year, when he was put to death by 
Coesar Borgia, at Sinigaglia, 3  Dec.,  5o2. See Machiavelli's 
Prince, c. viii, and his Narrative  the murder  . Fitelli, 
0. da Fermo, &c., and the account of Oliverotto, by Sismondi, 
in the Biog. Universelle, 1822. 


p. 96, !. 31 Beausalts polltiTue and uallant escalhe owt of Calli. 
I bave hot traced this. 
p. 96, 1.33 C,emri du,e precioffsimoe picturoe, /liax, et lledea. 
Pliny, Nat. Hist., xxxv. xl. 136 :  Timomachus 13yzantius 
Coesaris dictatoris oetate Aiacem et l]ediam pinxit, ab eo in 
Veneris Genetricis œede positas, Lxxx ralentis venundatis.' 
--R. B. M. 
P" 97, l. 5 Y" Nine ll/'ortbyes . . Generally given as Joshua, 
David, Judas Maccaboeus ; Hector, Alexander, Julius Coesar; 
Arthur, Charlemagne and Godfiey of Boulogne. 
P" 97, l. 6 /Ipollonius Tyanoeus. Harvey's authority for his know- 
ledge of Apollonius was no doubt the lire of Apollonius of 
Tyana by Flavius Philostratus. 
P- 97, l. 25 Ciuill and unciuill Lyfe. Harvey, from p. 97, 1.26, 
to p. 99, l. 3, is quoting (sometimes hot quite exactly) from 
a work which appeared in 1579, Cyuile and Fncyuile Lift; . . 
by Richard Jones, and again in 1586 as Tbe English Courtier, 
and tbe Ctro'-g,'ntleman (running title, Cyuile and lnçruile 
Lt). ,V. C. Hazlitt reprinted the second edition (with a 
few variants from the first) among Incditcd Tracts for the 
Roxburghe Library, 1868. For p. 97, l. 26--p. 98, 1.23, see 
Hazlitt, p. 87, bot.: for p. 98, !1. 25-31 , Hazlitt, p. 86 (where 
the last words are,  which ),ou trauellers haue.brought rioto 
beyond the seas.')" for p. 98, ll. 32-3, modest)', see Hazlitt 
p. IO" for p. 99, ll. 2-3, No salutation, &c., see Hazlitt, p. 31. 
I was directed to Harvey's source by Dt. McKerrow. 
p. 99,1.4 Not eucryflyre box, &c. From this line to p. lO5, 
1. 27,except p. lOO, 11. 12-16, p. lOI, 11. 19-22 , 3 o, 3 , 
p. IO2, 11. 26-7, p. lO3, 1. 26, p. lO4, ll. 8-9,Harvey is 
apparently quoting (see p. IOO, l. 1 I, p. IOI, 1.17, ]3. lO3, l. I) 
from a work which seems to have disappeared, Tbe Floures 
of Philosophie, with Plcasures of Poctrie annexed to tbem, London, 
1572, 12 ° (by Sir Hugh Platt). Sir Egerton Br)'dges described 
what he believed to be the only known copy (Cern. Litcraria, 
viii. 1-17)as imperfect, as dedicated to Arme Dudley, Countess 
of.Varwick, and as containing 883short sentences rioto Seneca. 
This was no doubt the copy sold to Thorpe at the Heber Sale 
for 4 s. and numbered 5353 in Part I of the catalogue. The 
printer was H. t]ynneman. That copy was described as 
 imperfect at the end.' [The above note is due to Dr. R. B. 
McKerrow.] Sir Hugh Plat was matriculated as a pensioner 
of St. John's College, 12 November, 1568 , and became 
in 1571-2. He was therefore perhaps known to Harvey. 

2 4 6 lvotes 

P" 99, 1. 7 tle that bestoweth, &c. Epigrammatum Delectus, 
 Sententioe D. Laberii' &c., clxxxii:  Mortuo qui mittit 
munus, nil dat illi, adimit sibi.' 
P. 99, I.   The. ,çuî gratifieth good & badd. Seneca, de Ben. 4, :z6: 
 et sceleratis sol oritur.'--N. C. S. 
P- 99, I. uo That is neuer too ofien releated , w ¢1. il neuer learned or 
practhed enowgh. Seneca, Ep. 27, 9: nunquam nimis dicitur 
quod nunquam satis discitur.'--W. C. S. 
P" 99, 1. :z2 Had I w, cummith too late.  Beware of Had I wh" 
(Heywood's Proverbs, Bk. I, ch. il, &c.) was a proverbial warn- 
ing against being wise after the event.--A. H. B. 
P. 99, 1.3 ° Eueri Fice . . creepith in, under ye maske ofA1 vertu. 
Sen. de Ben. 4, 34: malus pro bono surrepit'.--V. C. S. 
p. 10% 1.5 Had yonge men knowledg, and ozvM mon strength. 
The proverb si jeunesse sçauoit & vieillesse pouuoit' is 
found in Charles Etienne's comedy Les/lbusez ( 549), (first 
printed in 1543 as Le Sacrifice), a translation of Gli Ingannati. 
See my note on Leelia, I. il. 66. 
p. zoo, 1.22 Af man hath free arbitrage to begin Looue, but hot to 
ende it. Sen. Ep. 85, 9: 'facilius initia illorum [affectuum] 
prohibere quam impetum regere.'W. C. S. 
p. IOO, 1.24 The cowgh will nceds be heard : and Looue sbone 
bewr«yeth itselfe. Cf. Gilb. Cognatus, Afdagiorum Sylloge: 'Amor 
tussisque non coelatur.' (J. j. Grynoeus, ddagia, p. 736). 
--E. B. Love and a cough cannot be hid' is a proverbial 
saying still current. It is No. 49 in G[eorge] H[erbert]'s 
Outlandish Proverbs, 64o.A. H. B. 
p. oI, l. 4 That mai happen to many,&c. Publ. Syrus: 'cuiuis 
potest accidere quod ciaiquam potest.'W. C. S. 
p. IO2, 1. I II"hat matter, &c. Seneca, a fragment in Heuse's 
ed. of the Ephtol, e, p. 6o: quid enim refert quantum 
habeas ? multo illud plus est quod non habes.'W. C. S. 
p.  o2, l.  3 He that zvill tl, yue, &c. The first two of these 
lines are apparently to be found in Clarke's Pareemiologia 
(639), P- 93, and the three in The Countryman's New Com- 
monzvealth, 647- (G. F. Northall, English Folk Rhymes, 
892, p- 5 
p. I o, 1.  6 Too late sparing at y bottum. Sen. Ep. , 5 : ' Sera 
parsimonia in fundo.'W. C.S. Eras./ldag., ch. L cent. 
ii. 64. 
p. o:z, I. 23 It is no lesse dishonour, &c. Seneca, de Clem. I, :24: 
' Non minus principi turpia sunt multa supplicia quam medico 
multa funera.'W. C. S. 

No te  OE47 

p. IO3, 1.29 Malice drinkith upp, &c. Sen. Ep. 81, 22" 'quem- 
admodum Attalus noster dicere solebat : malitia ipsa maxi- 
mare partem veneni sui bibit.--W. C. S. 
p. lO3, !. 32 he that enuieth, is lesse. I believe that Senecasome- 
where says qui inuidet minor est', though I cannot at 
present find the passage. Cf., however, Quintilian, xI, i, 16: 
« inuident humiliores, rident superiores' ; x, iii, 63 : «non 
fere ad banc [inuidiam] nisi inferiores confugiunt.'--W. C. S. 
p. IO5, !. 7 Glad pouerty, is no pouerty. Sen. Ep. 2, 4" 'honesta 
res est Ioeta paupertas.'--W. C. S. 
p. IO5, l. IO The feare . . worse then ye stroke. Scneca, Thyestes, 
572: Pejor est bello timor ipse belli" lgurton's/lnatomy, 
I. 2.4- 7 "  A true saying, Timor mords morte pejor.' 
p, IO5, l. I I Foolg$ ar alhvais beginning to Liue. Sen. E,#. 1 3' 1 6-" 
 stultitia . . semper incipit uiuere.'--W. C. S. 
p. IO5, l. IV. He is hot wise, tbat is not wise for himself P, ased 
on the proverb, « sapit nequicquam qui sibi ipsi non sapit,' or 
« Frustra sapit qui sibi non sapit.' See Erasmus, Atdagia, ch. I, 
cent. ri, 2o, and Nashe's llVorks, (ed. McKerrow) i. I69. 
p. IO5, l. x6 The cunning Draper . . . a dira window. In old 
plays drapers were frequently accused of darkening their 
shops (to pass off inferior wares on customers)" cf. Dekker 
and Webster's ll/éstward Ho, i, I (and D),ce's note on the 
passage) . . .  which commonly make the shop ofa mercer 
or a linen draper as dark as a room in Bedlam'. ]acon, in 
his essay  Of Seeming çVise,' glances at the practice - Some 
are so close and reserved as they will hot show their ware 
but by a dark light.'A. H. B. 
p. IO5, 1.20 There is deceyt in all occupations, but AlOoticaries. 
Stubbes in The Second part of the Inatomie of /lbuses, I583 
(N. Sh. Soc. repriut, il, 55) iuveighs against the dishonesty 
of apothecaries.A. H. B. 
p. o5,1.2I l, tru as a Taylor. Thieving and tailor go 
together' was a proverbial saying" see Fariner and Henley's 
81ang and its Atnalogu. es, s. Tailor.A. H. E. 
p. IO5, l. 25 ridd way, cover the ground, progress. Cf. Shaksp., 
3 Henry//I, v, iii, 2 I. Ridground is used in the saine sense. 
p. o5, 1.3 ° ./ïcinus s,,pe in Etsist. The works of the Platonist 
Marsilius Ficinus were published at Basel in 1576 in two 
volumes. His Epistolw extend from p. 607 to p. 964 of the 
first volume. He deals with «divine fury' or poetical 
fury' on pp. 612, 634 , 927 . Cf. Nashe (H'orks, iii. 265, 


and McKerrow's note): 'Aristotle saith, Nulla est magna 
scientia absque mixtura dementioe.' 
p. lO5, 1.32 tan;,, fiv«}3«kk«;tavoç. In Chytraeus's Deli«iae, 
16o6, p. 222, t,v v«t3«,,«;tvoç is given as one of two 
Greek mottoes on the tomb of Andr. Alciati in the Ch. of 
the Epiphany at Padua (Ticinum).E. B. 
p. 1o6,1.2 Conceit of Pollicy. I bave not traced this book. 
p. 1o6, 1.6 The Court of/lugmentation. These words should 
bave been connected with the preceding line. The Court 
of Augmentation was founded after the dissolution of the 
monasteries in 1536. See Gairdner's History of the English 
Churck, p. 21o. 
p. Io6, 1. 18 La»da, al Athenian courtezan, mistress of 
Demetrius Poliorcetes, ob. 283 B.c. Lai, another Athenian 
courtezan and rival of Phryne. Flora. Cf. E.K.'s gloss on 
Spenser's Shepheurd Calendar, March, l. 16 :  Flora, . . indede 
' (as saith Tacitus) a famous harlot, which . . having gotten 
great riches, ruade the people of Rome ber heyre: who . . 
appointed a ),earely leste for the memoriall of ber, calling 
ber.. Flora; making ber the Goddesse of floures.' Hake- 
will's/lpologie (i627) p. 335: t [The Romans] had certaine 
pastimes, which they tearmed Ludos Florales, in honour of 
Flora, a notorious strumpet. Q,d hMi tanto devotius quanto 
turpius celebrari soient, saith S./lugustine in his second booke 
De Civitate Dei and 27 chapter.' 
p. IO6, 1.20 AIulta nouit vulpes : sed Ecbinus vnum magnum. 
This is a translation of a Greek verse quoted by Plutarch, 
de sollertia /lnimalium, 16" r«,XA oi3" oAwr0, òAA" \îvoç 
ïv ta7«. The Latin ' multa novit' &c. (with the exception 
ofone word,' verum" for 'sed') is given by Erasmus,/ldagia 
in chap. 'Inconstantiae Perfidiae Versutiae,' p. 348, ed. 
1629. He says, " Zenodotus hunc senarium ex Archilocho 
citat'. King, Class. & For. Quot., ed. 3, No. 158, 'Ars varia' 
&c., only refers to Plutarch as above.E. B. 
p. 1o6, !. 2I The brauest vertu, & the migbtiest worth, 
/1 Fiery Trigon from his pregnant Birth. 
1.23, Trigonus Igneus. Trigonus was one of the 21 constella- 
tions in the north of the sky. (J. Stierius, Prtecepta Doctrinte 
Slhtericte , 1647 , p. 5.) Harvey, Ilbrks (Grosart), n, 7 O : ' now 
the warringe Planet was expected in person, and the Fiery 
Trigon seemed to giue the Alarme' ; ib. 303 : 'Whose Epi- 
taph none can display., but some Sprite of the Ayer, or the 

Notes OE49 

tire. For his Zeale to God, . . was an aery Triplicity : and 
his deuotion to his Prince . . a tiery Trigon.' 
p. 1o6, l. 24 Lwditur in dune rarb, solens equitare. Cf. Gartner, 
Prouerbialia Dicteria (157o), p. t 12 : ' Lœeditur in clune vir 
rar8 solens equitare' ; The line is given in the same form in 
Carminum Prouerbialium lod communes (Lond., 1579), P- 4o. 
p. lO6, I. 26 Clericus annosus, licet annus sit furiosus, 
Non curat brumam, dura drachmam suscipit unam. 
The couplet occurs in this form in Carminum Prouerbialium 
loti communes, pp. 19, 80, and with variants in A. Gartner, 
Prouerbialia Dicteria (57o), p. 15"- [There is an earlier 
variant in 15 v Bebel's Proverbia Germanica, No. 447 : 'Ira 
versificatus est quidam: 
Clericus annosus, licet imber sit furiosus, 
Non poscit prunam, cum drachmam suscipit unam.' 
W. H. D. Suringar in his notes, p. 495, gives similar distichs. 
--E. B.] 
p. 106, 1.2 9 av[xov ca', arr[\ov, sustine et abstine. Erasmus, 
/Idag., ch. II, cent. vii, xiii. Harvey, llorks (Grosart), II, 257" 
 what ,eneca, Epictetus, .... so effectuall a ,choolemaster 
of Sustine, et/Ibstine, as he .,9, 
p. lO6.1.33 A Persian, or Lacedwmonian, Boddy : stronge ; and 
lytl«, nothing excrementitious. The simplicity of lire of the 
early Persians is described by Herodotus, I, 71 : that of the 
Lacedoemonians is well known. 
p. IO7, 1.4 At thoumndpoints ofgood Husbandrie. A reference to 
T. Tusser's Hundreth Good Pointes of Husbandrie (1557) or its 
extension, Five Hundreth Pointcs of Good Husbandry (1573)- 
p. lO7, l. 6 ]/'ana est sine virlbus Ira. Is hot this a versification 
of Livy, I, x, 4 : "levique certamine docet vanam sine viribus 
iram esse'? The verse form is not quoted by editors of Livy. 
--E. 13. 
p. lO7, l. IO Sordello. Sordello sought refuge about I345 at the 
Court of Charles of Anjou in Provence, wbo received him 
well, gave him a fief & found him a wife. (Biographie 
p. IO7, I. I I av/_o5),o,ç XpGvr«,, .r.),. Isocrates, III, ai, a 
little abbreviated.E. 13. 
p. o7, I. 14 at Cambridg &c. - See pp. 41, 5o, 52. 
p. IO7, 1.19 nimus cuiuque, is est quique. Harvey's charac- 
teristic variant, I suppose, of the common  Mens cuiusque 
is est quisque ' (Cic. Rep., w, 0-4, 6), which he also quotes. 

u5 o Notes 

p. 107, I. 3 ° Marius, &c. Plutarch, Life of Marius, 408, speaks of 
his unsuccessful candidature for the two oedileships : 
uçaro ro çpowaroç . . 
p. XOT, !. 34 Tanti tris als quanff fitris tibi. Sir T. Smith, 
De RepubL Xngkrum, I, cap. 2o: ' for truc it is with us 
is saide, Tanti cris alijs quanti tibi fueris.' [So both MSS. : 
printed edd. have  feceris'. See Alston's edition, x 9o6.] 
p. xo8,1. 7 Xcta ridera raclant. Perhaps a variant of ' Dicta 
ridera faciant.' Cf. Cic., Brutus 5o, 87 :  fidem facit oratio.' 
p. IO9 1. I6 Hora est iam nos e wmno surgere. Rom. XIII I I. 
p. o9, I. 26 Baiazetem . . in cauea firrea drcun¢'rt. P. Jovius, 
Turcicarum rerum,  Baiazetes ' :  Hune . . captum Tam- 
berlanes . . . in ferream caueam detrusum, per totam Asiam 
ac Syriam circumduxit . .' 
p. I IO, I. 6. bt eadem &c. Cf. the similar pge (written 
 Nov.,  573) in Harvey's Letterbook, p. 53. 
p. I IO, !. 2o Logique r memory : an accessary, and shaddow of 
disposition. Sec Quint. x, 2, 3639 (e.g. 39 : ' quoe bene 
composita sunt memoriam serie sua ducent').V. C. 
p. I IO, l. 28 Fail diaitcticarum disputationum iibros tres. Laur. 
VaIla (4o6-57), De Dialectica lib. iii. Ven. 499, fo. 
p.  1% !. 32 decies repttitaplactbunt. Hor. X.P., 365 : 'decies . . 
p. I  I, !. 7 ErmmusRo'nsem. John Fisher, BishopofRochester, 
is often referred to as ' Roffensis'. Erasmus in his Epistle 
ccclxiii (to W. Latimer) praises Fisher tbr his ardour in learn- 
ing Greek when almost an old man. Mr. P. S. Aile», the 
editor of Erasmus" letters, who was kindly approached on my 
behalf by Sir John Sandys, refers me also to Epistles cxlvi, 
App. Iii, App. lxxxvii, ccci, App. ccccxxviii, in the I.eyden 
edition (452, 468, 48 I 52o 592 in his own), which show 
that Erasmus himselfgave Fisher lessons in Greek at Rochester 
and then tried to persuade W. Latimer to teach him. Erasmus 
does not of course describe Fisher as  semi-literatus '. 
p.   , !. 9 Textorem l/iwes. Mr. P. S. AIlen, through Sir John 
Sandys, refers me to J. L. Vives, 'De tradendis disciplinis,' 
lib. n, cap. 8 (Opera, Basil., 555, , P- 48 ; Valentia, 
x785, col. vi, p. 337): Petrus Textor leuidensam texuit; 
licebit tamen Ocinam eius nonnunquam consulere, quamuis 
perturbatam nec semper certain: ut erat autor literarum 
Groecarum prorsum ignarus, nec in Latinis magnae dexteri- 
tatis ; meruit tamen laudem diligentiae aliquam.' 

No tes 2 5  

p. I 1 I, I. 9 Carpentarium Ramus. JacquesCharpentier (1524-74), 
Professor of Mathematics at the Royal College, Paris, 1566. 
As a partisan and commentator of Aristotle, he came into con- 
flict with P. Ramus, and was accused of having murdered 
him in the massacre of St. Bartholomew. Harvey, H/orks 
(Grosart), IX, 45" 'Carpentarius . . against Ramus.' 
p. I I I, l. IO Undkde Haddono iocatus est A¢schamu. It is interest- 
ing to learn from Harvey that Ascham was thinking of Haddon 
when he spoke ofthe 'cock with one wing' in his Scholemaster. 
(Ascham's English IUorks, ed. W. Aldis Vright, p. 274. ) 
p.   , l. 12 PomponO'Leti. Julius Pomponius Loetus (x425-97) 
pupil of L. Valla and his successor in his chair at Rome. 
His Opcra were publ. at Mayence, 1521. 
p.   I, l. 2o ucc uelut claudus sutor totos dies desideat domi. Plaut. 
«CuL I, , 34 ; ' quasi claudus sutor domi sedet totos dies.' 
p. 11 I, I. OE2 Quid, nlsi secretee lwserunt Phillida syluee ? Ovid, 
Rem. Atm. 59 I. 
p. 112, I. 2 Perottu. Nic. Perotti (43o-8o) author of Rudi- 
menta grammatices, 473, and Cornucopia, siwe comm«ntaria 
linguw Latine, 1489. In the latter work (ed. Basel, 526, 
col. 654 ) Professor Bensly bas round Harvey's passage" 
' Nos tamen hominem nol ab humo, sed a consortio, atque 
concordia uitoe appellatum existimamus. Groece enim 
concors, 6p,vom concordia, & consensus appellatur, & 6povod 
concordo, consentio. Est enhn homo omnium animalium 
maxime sociabilis.' 
p. I 1 3' |" 6 Greatest Clarkes, wis«st men ? The proverb" ' The 
greatest clerks are hot the wisest men ' is used by Chaucer, 
Heywood, &c. 
P- * * 3, I. 7 l/ide Hutteni A¢ulam. «¢cademici, quod sciunt, nesciunt 
&c. Harvey refers to Ulrich von Hutten's «¢ula Dialogus, 
and to the pftssage (ed. Paris, 59, b iii*)" 'Omnes qui in 
vmbra philosophamur, nec aliquando ad res gerendas accedi- 
mus, quod scimus nescimus. Nain vt in tranquillo nauim 
quilibet facile gubernat, ita et in isto ocio, vnanquanque rem 
strennue laudamus vel vituperamus, aut vtrunque facimus, et 
consilia damus, ac de rebus maximis acutissime interdum 
disputamus, verbis abunde instructi, re penitus inutiles, & ad 
omne opus, nisi exerceamur prius, inepti.' 
p. 113,1.13 Rodolpbum. Rodolphus Agricola (1443-85) , author 
of De inuentione dialectica, printed  539- 
P.   3, 1. 6 non vini, sed culpa bibentis. Dionysius Cato, Dis- 

OE S oE Notes 

tycha, i b 21 - «Quae potus [or 'Quod potu'] peccas, ignoscere 
tu tibi noli ; Nam crimen nullum vini est, sed culpa bibentis.' 
$caliger points out the source" Oh "yàp rb rr)0oç, âv rorr F 
(Menander.)E. B. 
P.   4, 1.  good at a Kutt, sc. at a sarcasm. The N. E. D. has 
no exactly parallel example. 
P.   4, 3 Sylva tenet Lepoem " sapientis lingua Leporem. A similar 
line is given in Carminum Prouerbialium loci communes (Lond. 
 579), P- 6" ' In syluis leporcm, in verbis quoere leporem.' 
P.  4, 1. 7 Jouiani Pontani. Job. Jovianus Pontanus (Giovanni 
Gioviano Pontano, 46-5o3). See 143 ,  n. 
P.   4,1.  4 driani Barlandi. Adr. van Baarland ( 488- 54) 
Profesoer of Rhetoric at Louvain, author of Jocorum, ueterum, 
ac recentium libri tres. znd ed. Antwerp,  59 . 
p. I 4, 1.  9 Radwynter. A village near Saffron Walden. 
P-* 4 11. -40mnium borarum hominem esse . . lngenium 
semper in numerato babere. Cri Quint., lnst. w, 3,  o-  " 'de 
Pollione Asinio seriis iocisque pariter accommodato dictum 
est, esse eum omnium horarum, et de actore facile dicente 
ex tempore, ingenium eum in numcrato habere.'W. C. S. 
p. 114, 1. 33 nostri . . . Eutrapeli. I think by 'Eutrapelus' 
Harvey means merely ' the man of the world'. Cf. p.  , 
1. 13, p. 34, 1. 7- In p. 6o, 1.  he seems, however, to 
refer to some particular man. 
p. I 1 5, !.  o lpbkrates dixit, Eloquentis esse, ex parvh mana, ex 
magnis parua reddere dicendo. Erasmus, dpophth., lib. v. ' Ex 
parvis, inquit, facere magna, ex magnis parva.' The saying 
is b)" Isocrates, not Iphicrates, though Harvey unmistakeably 
writes 'Iphicrates'. Cri Plutarch, X. Oratorum Fitw (AIoralia 
838 E)" r,,, "" " 
ra #, #pa pT6a, a pT6a, #pà oîv.IE. B. 
p.  15, 1. 13" The common fault  our lnglish. Cri p.  69, 11. 
P.   5, 1. OEo l'topiemium auctores. Sec More's Utopia, book I b 
for the authors known to the Utopians. 
P.   5, 1.25 nec non Dioscoridem pro Lexico. More's own words 
are ' Ex his qui scripsere grammaticam, Lascarem habent 
tantum, Theodorum enim non aduexi mecum, nec dictionar- 
ium aliquem proeter Hesychium, ac Dioscoridem.' Whether 
More means Dioscorides the medical writer, is hot clear to me. 
p. I 15, 1. 29 Euripides nonnullis credebatur synchronis, ipse 

Notes OE 5 3 

fuis»e $ocrates. Cf. Diog. Laertius, II, cap. v, 2, where quota- 
tions are given to show that there was a popular belief that 
Socrates helped Euripides with his plays" e.g., the lines 
Evprw 9  6 Tàç rp«7oda ç oGv 
OUTOe à o aC. 
quoted  from Aristoph. Clouds, but apparently by Teleclides 
(Kock, Comic. ttic. Frag., vol. ,  x 3).E. B. 
P-  5, l. 3 o Bartasio. Guillaume de Salluste, Seigneur du 
Bartas ( 544-9o) author of La Première Semaine, La Seconde 
Semaine, &c. His works rst collected in 6o. 
p. 116, ll. 13, 5 ngelus Decembrius. His book Politiw liter- 
ariw libri vii was printed at Augsburg in  54o. 
p. I I6, l. 21 Carri. Nicholas Carr, Regius Professor of Greek 
at Cambridge, died in 1568. His Latin translation of 
Demosthenes' three Olynthiacs and four Philippics was pub- 
lished in 157 I. See the account of him in Cooper's thenw. 
p. I 17, 1.6 Euscopperhaps merely  the good marksman '. 
Cri p. 9 ° , 1. 27 n. adfin. 
p. I 17, 1. I 7 Fabius. sc. Quintilian. 
P-   7, l. 2o dchille isto. Quintilian ? 
P- 7, l. 22 çlr. Ascham in his . . discourse lmitation. i.e., in 
the latter part of the 2nd book of the Scholemastcr. 
p.  x7, 1.29 Portius. This must be M. Porcius Latro (d. . c. 4) 
W. C.S. 
p. I 17, 1.32 Boethus, sc. Boethius (ff. c. 5oo . .), author of 
De Consolatione Philosophiw. 
p.   8, ll. 4-5 Ultrà poue, non est esse. Is ultra posse non est eue a 
form of the maxim 'ultra posoe nemo obligatu?', N. & Q., 
i i s. i, 463, and King's Clan. & For. Quot. , A l'impossible 
nul n' t tenu' ?E. B. 
I. Cheeks, and I. Aschams censure  Salust. See Ascham, 
Schokmaster (ed. Mayor), pp. I9-8 , where Cheke is quoted 
as ascribing to Sallust 'an uncontented care to write better 
than he could, a fault common to very many men.' 
p.  8, 1.25 Rhetoricus Pruor. See pp. 3, 52. 
p. I 1 8, 1. 30 Hieronymus.. de Ocioso Mendacio. Several letters 
exchanged between St. Augustine and St. Jerome were on 
thesubject of the lie. One of St. Jerome's ' de mendacio in 
literis sacris' is given in his Opera (Basel, 1516), iii, fo. 153- 
çvooç,  ànOç «d,,. This 
p. x  8, 1.3  prrrov " M«O«, 
fragment of Menander is No. 777 in Kock's Comicorum 
Atticorum Fragmenta (from Stoboeus, Fkrilegium,  , 5)- 

OE 54 _Notes 

p. I 9, 1. 22 Fortij. I i,nagined at first that Harvey's admired 
Fortius (see index for other references) was the physician- 
astrologer Angelo di Forte or Angelus Fortius, author of 
De Mirabilibus vitw humanw, Ven. 1533" a, closer examina- 
tion of Harvey's references ruade it clear, however, that by 
Fortius he meant Joachimus Fortius Ringelbergius (Joach. 
Sterck van Ringelbergh), of Antwerp, whose Lucubrationes, 
uel potius absolutissima ,cvc)tora[,a appeared at Antwerp in 
529, Basel, 54, and under the title Opera at Lyons in 
53 , 54, &c. The collection includes the treatise De 
Ratione studij (dated 1529) , which we may imagine to bave 
been the gospel of Harvey's youth. AIl Harvey's ardour to 
attain glory and pre-eminence by study and self-mastery 
may well bave been first fired by this eloquent tract which 
long preserved its fame. An edition was published at Leyden 
in 1619 and again in 1622 by the great orientalist Erpenius, 
who attributed all his own devotion to study to his having 
met with Ringelberg's treatise when he was an idle student 
of 6. Dr. Vicesimus Knox celebratcd it in his 57th 
Essay, and in 83o it was translated into English by G. B. 
Earp, of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, with a dedica- 
tion to the underaduates of Cambridge, Oxford, and Dublin. 
Besides this tract, Fortius' Lucubrationes include treatises on 
Grammar, Dialectic, Rhetoric, Mathematics, Astrology, and 
some miscellaneous articles, including a treatise De Homine. 
In his copy of Foorth, 27" , Harvey has a note on a comparison 
between Antwerp and Rome (in favour of Antwerp) drawn 
by 'Joach. Fortius in proefatione ante Librum De Homine', 
and another in his Commonplace Book, 51 v on the same 
comparison, here ascribed to Fortius Ringelbergius'. He 
quotes another saying of Fortius (ib. 49 v) 'Euentum ex ri 
animorum Collige. Violenti, sine mora ad summa penetrant'. 
He is here referring to a section of De Ratione Studii, headed 
« Quibus signis cognoscantur illi qui ad magnam in scribendo 
gloriam peruenient'. Fortius divides students into three 
classes according to the degree of their ardour: those who 
will not allow their studies to trench on their mealtime%whom 
he calls propensi'; those who make light of their meals, 
whom he calls propensiores'; and those who will corne a 
long distance in the middle ofnight to study with him, whom 
he calls  violenti ' (and of whom he bas had no experience). 
Si talis existeret quisquam, . . hunc putarem sine mora ad 


summa uelle penetrare .... Ergo euentum ex ui animorum 
colligo.' I, a note in his Oovo#m, p.  86, Harvey writes : 
'Sic Alcander Linguas: Fortius Artes: Ludouicus Pro- 
tonotarius Leges promptissimè perdiscebant.' Fortius bas 
given a most interesting account of his early studies in De 
Ratione tudii» under the heading 'Qua ratione vitare possis 
in scribendo toedium'. His works were perhaps well knowr. 
in Cambridge, as the O]2era Ringelbergi (along with Mar- 
garita philosophie and Facetle Poggii) were among the books 
of Robert Pickering, M.D., of Cambridge, who died in 1552 
(W. M. Palmer in the Camb. /lntiq. Soc. Commun. xv, o76 ). 
p. I 19, 1. 24 ztgripa, sc. Henr. Cornelius Agrippa (I 486-I 535), 
author of De incertitudine et vanltate scientiarum and De occulta 
p. I 19,1.24 Morue. sc. Sir Thomas More. 
p. 119, 1.25 Florauantus. Lionardo, count Fioravanti, d. I588 
at Bologna. Author of Lo S]2ecchio di scienza univermle libri 
tre, Ven. 1564, &c., and Il com]2endio dei Secreti intorno alla 
Medicina, Chirurgia ed ztlchemia, Ven. 157 I. 
p. I 9, !. 25 Rabelwslus. Dr. McKerrow remarks, I think, that 
Harvey was one of the few Englishmen ofhis age who knew 
much of Rabelais. 
p. i 9,1. 5 Gandinus. Probably hot Albertus de Gandino, 
a jurisconsult, who wrote Tractatus De Malficiis, included 
in Tractatus diversi super maleflciis (I 55), but lk[arco Antonio 
Gandini, who translated i*,to halian Frontin's Stratagems 
(574), Xenophon's ll'orks (1588), Plutarch's Moralia 
(I598). Harvey has a note in his Hollyband's ztrnalt and 
Lucenda, p. 3o5 : ' Domenicus : Apologia Herodoti : Gan- 
dinus: Manlius: quatuor Eutrapeli Spiritus Familiares.' 
p.  I9, l. 26 CosmoDolita. The author of a Huguenot work, 
Dialogi ab Eusebio Philadelpho cosmololita in Gallorum et 
cwterarum nationum gratiam comtSositi. Edinburgi [Genev.'e?], 
 574- He is considered in the B.M. Catalogue to be Nicolas 
Barnaud. Harvey, I["orks (Grosart) , 85: 'Cosmopolites 
Dialogues, or later Histories'; lb. 46: 'lunius Brutus the 
second., aswell as his inwardest friend Euseblus Philadel]2hus'; 
lb. pp. 167-8: 'Faction . . Spire . . hmouation . . will 
needes know, why Iunius Brutus or Eusebius Philadelphus 
should rather be Pasquils incarnate, then they'; lb. p. 172 : 
' Oh.. that Melancton could traine [unius Brutus  Sturmius, 
Philadelphus.' It would seem that Harvey by I589 had lost 
his admiration for him. 

OE56 Notes 

p.  9,1.26 Bembo, Sadoleto, Longolio, Osorio, Sturmio. See 
Profi Mayor's notes in his edition of Ascham's Scholemaster : 
on Bembus and Sturmius, p. 243, on Sadoletus and Osorius, 
p. 233 , on Longolius, p. u4 . Harvey has a note on 
Sturmius in his Simlerus,  o  : AIterum Germanioe lumen, 
post Rod. Agricolam, Erasmum, Melancthonem, Camerarium, 
Regiomontanum. Leuini nostri delitioe Romanoe et Atticoe.' 
(W. Lewin was a friend of $turm's.) 
P"  9, l. 3 AIegalandri. A coinage of Harvey's for  great 
men'? Cri p. o, l. 9- 
p. 9,1.3u Neandro. Michael Neander, of Sorau, edited 
Luther's Smaller Catechism. Cf. p. 64, l. 7 n. 
p.  o, 1.9 non sure idoneus Fabij auditor. Hvey is playing on 
the phrme « non idoneus auditor moralis philosophioe' (cf. 
Pedantius, ed.  9o5, l. 3u7), which itselfrepresented Aristotle's 
saying, Eth. Nic. , 3" Tç or;Iç ob î«rv 
«poorç 6 voç. Harvey says his brother Richard  read the 
publike Philosophie Lecture with special good liking' when 
Nashe  was not so much m idoneus auditor ciuilis scienti¢' 
(II/orks, I, 202). 
p. 120, l. Il Gueuara. Ant. de Guevara (49o-xs4S) author 
of Libro aureo, Relox de rincies (I 529), translated by Sir 
T. North as DiaH Princes,  557, and Epistolas FamiKares, 
translated by E. Hellowes, 574, and with additions by 
G. Fenton, 575- 
p.  2o, l.  2 Figenerus. B. de Vigenère. He wm apparently 
chiefly a translator, translating among many other things 
Philostratus' L (9llonius Tyaneus. Vhy, however, 
Harvey esteemed him so highly is not clear. Hakewill, 
Hpologle (627) , pp. 27, 269, refers to 'the learned and 
copious annotations of Blmius Vigenerus in French vpon the 
first Decade of Livie.' 
p.  2o, 1.33 ooç rgr,,vr«,, o,rol «I«,. Hom. Odys. x, 495" 
«,a, «,««ov«,v. Polybius, xxxv, ri, says that the words 
o1««ov«1, applied to Scipio. 
p.  o, I. 33 dictum et ictum. Perhaps Harvey's coinage. Ermus 
hm  dictum et factum' but his examples are Greek equiva- 
lents of the phrme. 
p. 2,1.2 hoc agere, do the one thing you have in hand. 
Harvey refers to the proverb t Hoc age'. 
p. ,1.3 entelechia. ,,r[K«a is Aristotle's word for the 

Notes OE 5 7 

actuality of a thing as opposed toits simple potentiality. 
The word is often confused with iv&gXm , 'persistence'- 
cf. Cic. Tusc. I, 
appellat, novo nomine, quasi quamdam continuatam moti- 
onem et peremnem.' It is perhaps in this sense that Harvey 
uses it. Harvey dilates on Nimble Entelechy in his ?l/'orks 
(Grosart), II, IO5--7, and finds it in « the saile of the ship, 
the flighte of the bowe, . . the quintessence ofthe minde, . . 
the heate of the tire,' &c. It is the «head-spring of the 
powerfullest Verrues'. He calls it (p. 268) 'now a vulgar 
French,and English word,' though Nashe had mocked him for 
using it. Trip#x Entelechia (p. 9 I, I. 29, p. o6, I. 23)seems 
to mean « persistent attention to the goods of Body, mind, 
and Fortune'. Cf. an unprinted note in his Omovom, p. 44 : 
«in vno verbo Entelechia plus, quam in toto Homero aut 
Apollonio Tyaneo. Corpus, Animus, Fortuna assiduissimè 
p. I u I, I. 19 Fols,i. çVolsey. 
p. oE, 1.20 Draconis. Drake. 
p. v_i, 1. 23 Il Cardinal 8eduneme. Guicciardini, Historia d' 
ltalia, 1. x, (ed. 1587, p. 360) : ' il Cardinale Sedunense, 
chi ardentissimamente confortaua il perseuerare nella guerra, 
cominci6 con calidissime parole a stimolargli,' &c. (In the 
margin 'Matteo Lango, Card. Sedunense.') In Fenton's 
translation, he is called the Cardinall of Syon'. Settin or 
Sion (anc. Sedunum) is a town in Switzerland on the Rhone. 
p. I2, I. 2 Juellus. John Jewel, Bishop of Salisbury, author 
of Afpologia pro Ecclesia Afnglicana, 1564 . 
p. I v_2, I. 3 Heiuodum. John Heywood. 
p. I22, 1.5 I/ïls°num. Thomas Wilson, author of The Afrte of 
Rhetorique, I553, etc., The rule of reason, conteinyng the arte 
of logique, 55o-, etc., Af discourse upon usurye by way of 
Dialogue & Oraclons, 572, etc. He was appointed Secretary 
of State in  577, was in attendance on the Queen at Audley 
End 578,anddied in 58I. 
p. -2,1.6 Hachdtum. Richard Hakluyt. His PrinclpalNavi- 
garions appeared in one volume in 1589 (afterwards enlarged 
to three). See p. 233 , 1.7 n. 
p. -, 11. I3, 4 8mithus. Sir Thomas Smith. 
p.  --, 1.  5, Baconus. Sir Nicholas Bacon. 
p. 2oE, 1. 15 Essexius. I suppose this is the most famous Earl 
of Essex, Robert Devereux, though Harvey's Sonnet quoted 

2. 58 IVotes 

on p. 64 above, would suggest Walter Devereux his father. 
p. I22, 1. 16 Columbi, sc. navigators like Chr. Columbus. 
p. 122,1.17 $fortie. Francesco Sforza became Duke of Milan 
in I45O and died I466. Two sons succeeded him in turn. 
Harvey has a note in his Ot¢oa, o#ta, p. 188 : 'Guicciardinus 
ploeraque . . Ludouici Sfortioe Consilia, Vana appellat, quia 
carerent effectu.' 
p. 122, 1.2x Doctor Busbyes wofull Replyinges at Commencementes. 
Humphrey Busbie, fellow of Trinity Hall, B.C.L. (Camb), 
I535, D.C.L. I543, Regius Professor of Civil Law from 
about I545 to I55O. Hedied before x July, I58o (Cooper's 
/tthente). Harvey writes (1573 ?) in his Letterbook, pp. 7 I, 72 : 
' would to God i,i heauen I had . . the disputatiue appetite 
of Doctor Busbye, with the like affectionate zeale to the Com- 
mencement groates and afternoone seauenaclocke dinnars.' 
p. 12oE, 1.25 Domenicus. Lodovico Domenichi (I 5oo-64) trans- 
lated many works from Latin into Italian, and was the author 
of Facetie e Iotti, Floreqce, 1548 (which Harvey once men- 
tions). A French edition, Facecies et mots subtilz, d'aucuns 
excellens esprits et tres-nobles seigneurs, appeared at Lyons 
p.  2.2, 1.27 Falerius. Valerius Maximus, author of De Factis 
Dictisue il/Iemorabilibus Libri ix. He lived under the Emperor 
Tiberius. o 
p. i23, 1.22 Rodolphus, sc. Agricola. See p. I I3, 1. 13 n. 
p. I23,1.27 myDisputation.,t/tudleyEnd. See p. I8. 
p. I24, 1.27 ,The z¢cademy in Florence. Harvey is referring to 
The Historye of Italye by l, Villiam Thomas, Clerk of the 
Council to Edward VI, I549, 4 °, fo. I39. In speaking 
the 'Academie' Thomas says: I neuer heard reder in 
schole, nor preacher in pulpitte handle theim selfes better, 
than I haue hearde some of these in the Harange." 
p. 124,1.27 Intonino. The emperor MarcusAureliusAntoninus. 
p. 124,1.29 Eunapio et suo Juliano. Eunapius, a Greek sophist 
(ff. c. 400 a.i.) author of [23] Bo, 
He writes of Julianus, an orator of Cappadocia, of whom 
Prooeresius was a disciple. Is Harvey referring to this 
Julian ? or to Julian the Apostate, Emperor 36I-3 ? 
p. 125,1. 15 In scientia, et vtrtute omnis spes. Ctesaris ipsius 
axioma. Is the reference to Coesar B. G. II. 33, 4 : 'cum in 
una virtute omnis spes salutis consisteret'?E. B. 
p. I26,1.2 Hesiodi partitione. . rcXgov îllaterv zr,,vrdç. Hesiod, 

Notes OE 59 

It/'orks and DaU, 40" v,j,'rtot, 
« PTOÇ. 
p.  z6, 1.  8 Hoc lege quo possis dicere Jure, Meure est. Martial 
x. 4, 8 (the line is as Harvey gives it in the Paris edition of 
58, though Friedlnder has «.. possit . . vita').E. B. 
Quoted in lllustrium Poetarum Flores ( 566) under ' Lectio ', 
p. 400, in Harvey's form. 
. r. . (Fragments from Euripides' Peleu in Stoboeus, 93, 
o: Frag. 622 in Dindorf's Poet« Scen. 
p. 26, 1.27 Epfitolas obcurorum virorum. An allusion to the 
Ep. obsc. virorum directed against the enemies of Humanism 
which appeared in 56, and ofwhich Ulric von Hutten 
was principal author. 
p. 127,1.3 Constantini Nomendatorem insignium uritorum. Rob. 
Constantinus, Nomendator imignium crifltorum quorum libri 
extant, vel manuuripti vel impressi, ex Bibliothech Galli« et 
ngli« : In&xque totius Bibliothec« . . C. Gesneri. Parisiis, 
555, 8" 
p. 127, 1. I I r ]pOl'  O[P. Harvey, writing to Sir Thomas 
Smith (Letterbook, p.  79), says: 'Interim tu quoeso 
 wot, ut ait ille nescio quis groecus.' [See Plato, Gorgia, 
499 c, where it is preceded by the words 
,;Tov . .E. B.] 
P. 7 l. 6 amahheion. In allusion to the horn of Amalthea, 
the horn of plenty, Cicero calls the rich estate of Atticus 
"AaAO7o,. Ep. ad. tt. 
p. 27, i. 34 i" Leas paperbooke. Harvey frequently quotes 
pvescriptions on the authority of'M r. Lea.' Thus in his 
copy of Bruele (see p. 128, l. 2 n), he writes(p. I $9): 'probatum 
bie M r. Lea, & bie him exceedingly commended vnto mee', 
and (p. 5) 'prooued bie M. Lea, & his dawghter, M r 
Arme Wytham.' 
p.  28,1.2 Bruels tbeorique, & emirique practis of pbysiçue. Qualt. 
Bruele, PraxE medicin Theorœea et Empirka familiarfiima 
Antwerp, 1585, ç'. Qabriel Harvey's copy, bought from 
his brother John in April, 589, and containing notes by 
both brothers, is in the British Museum. 
p.  28, 1.  2 (Natura) nibil facit fl'ustra. A common maxim 
based on Aristotle PoL 
p.  8, 1.   ignorantibus : quos solos Scientia habet inimico. Allu- 

6o Notes 

sion to the common proverb, 'Scientia non habet inimicum 
proeter ignorantem.' See Pedantius, »59 n. 
p. 128,1.25 Ne me cures, vt bubulcum . . sed priùs causam aperi : 
aiebat medico suo/Iristoteles. The saying is given almost in 
the same words by Erasmus, 4pophth., vit1 (ed. 1671 , p. 
615. The source is Aelian, l/aria Hktoria, tx, cap. 23: 
p. I28 I. 29 Et quw non prosunt slngula mu]ta iuuant. Ovid 
Rem. m. 42o" ('Sed quoe iuuant'). The second 
line is no doubt Harvey's addition. 
p. 128, I. 33 diunctorum ca rides. On  adiuncta', see Cicero» 
Topica, xii. 
p. 129, l. I Cardanus. Hieron. Cardanus (Girolamo Cardano, 
15oi-76), author of De subtilitate, 155o , De Rerum 
larietate, 1557. He wrote a small treatise De urinis. 
p. 129, I. lu-p. 13o , l. 17. These passages are copied with 
slight verbal changes from Braunschweig's homish apothecarye 
(see p. 13o , I. 2o). This treatise was issued from Cologne, 
bound with W. Turner's The flrst and seconde pattes of the 
H,'rbal.. with the thirdepart, 1567-8. p. 129, ll. 12-t 9 
is taken from B. fo. 16; p. 129, II. 20--p. 130 , I. 2, from 
fo. 29; p. t3 o, ll. 3-17, 'diseases,' from fo. 16 top. 
p.  3o, l. 32 nosce teipmm. Œ,,GOt «eavr»v, the oracle given by 
the Delphian Apollo to Croesus. Xen. C),rop, Vtl, 2, 2o-25. 
3Iedice, cura teipsum. St. Luke, tv, 23. 
p. I 3 I, I. I sclepiadeum . . V,,Vd«v,,o,,. The reference is to 
the longevity of Asclepiades, physician of Prusa. Pliny, Nat. 
Hist., w,, 37: 'Summa autem Asclepiadi Prusiensi [lama 
est] . . . sed mime sponsione facta cum fortuna, ne medicus 
crederetur si unquam invalidus ullo modo fuisset ipse- et 
victor, suprema in senecta lapsu scalarum exanimatus est.' 
P. 31, l" 3 Hippocratis. Hakewill's pologie (1627) , pp. 15o , 
151 : ' certaine it is, that . . Hippocrates . . [liued] to one 
hundred and fowre.' 
p. t3 I, ll. 6-8 Paraceki . . vita breuicula. Paracelsus lived from 
1493 to t54x- 
p. 131 , I. I 5 Feccheri. XVecker (Hanss Jacob) was author of 
De secretis libri xvii, Bas., 16o4, 8  (of which an English 
edition, augmented by R. Read, appeared  late as 1661), 

Notes OE 61 

and Practica Medicinte generalis, Bas., I585, 16 °. ,Vecker 
is frequently quoted in Hakewill's ,4pologie (I 627). 
p. x 3 x, l. x 5 41exii.  Alessio Piemontese ', the professed author 
ofa work De" secreti (2nd ed. Ven., 1557) , is considered to 
bave been Girolamo Ruscelli. His book was translated into 
Latin as D. 41exii Pedemontani De 8ecretis libri sex by J. j. 
Weckerus, Bas., 1559- It had already been translated from 
French into English by W. Warde in 1558 as The 8ecretes 
ofllexis of Piemont, of which there were many editions. 
p. x3x, l. 16 Lemno'. Levinus Lemnius, author of Occulta 
naturte miracula explicata, Antwerp, 1559, 8 °. Harvey, 
ll/orks (Grosart), 11, 252 , speaks of Lemnius' «Artificiall 
liniment . . for a comely Beard '. I,emnius is frequently 
quoted in Hakewill's ,4pologie, 1627. Thomas Marsh printed 
in 1576 and 1581 The Touchstone of Complexions . . contayning 
• . Rules . . whereby euery one may . . know . . the . . Constitu- 
tion of his owne Body outwardly ; as aho the Inclinations . . of 
his Mynd inwardly ; flrst written in Latine by Leuine Lemnie 
and now Englished by Thomas Newton. 
p. 131,1.16 Port,v. Giambattista della Porta (c. 154o-1615) , 
author of 3/Iagia Naturalis,  558 (completed 1589). 
p. 131,1. 16 Luptoni. Thomas Lupton was author of Af 
Thousand Notable things, London [  595], 4 °. 
p. I ]I, 1. I 7 Louei. The reference is apparently to Peter Lowe, 
a Scot, who, after spending thirty years abroad, published in 
1596, ln easie . mcthod, to cure . . the Spanish 8icknes, and 
in 1597, The whole cours; of Chirurgerie . . wherevnto is 
annexed The Presages of Diuine Hippocrates. Lowe settled 
after this at Glasgow. 
p. 131,1. 17 lillanouani. Arnaldus de Villa Nova (ff. c. 3oo), 
who wrote a commentary o,1 Regimen Sanitatis b'cholte Saler- 
nitan,e. Note by G. H. on flyleaf belonging to his copy of 
Bruel (see p. 128, 1.2 n) : ' Qua in classe [sc. ' illorum . . qui 
Secreta ex professo produnt'] eminent Albertus, Agrippa, 
Cardanus, Lemnius, Mizaldus, Porta, Veccherus i,1 primisque 
etiam noster Bacon, et Arnaldus de Villa Noua, et Alexius, 
et Paracelsu% et Florauantus, et Andernacus, et nouissime 
p. 131 , 1. 18 Euonymi, Mest, Gesneri. Conrad Gesner used the 
pseudonym 'Euonymus Philiatrus' in his work, Thesaurus 
Evonymi Philiatri de remediis secretis, Tiguri, 1554, which 
appeared in English as The Treasure of Evonymus conteyninge the 
wonderfull hid secretes of nature. Trans. P. Morwyng [I 559]" 

z 6z Notes 

p. I31,1. 2I Ranzouio. Henr. Ranzovius, author of Cat. ogus 
.. principum qui astrologi«am artem amarunt . . edita à T. Sylvio, 
Antwerp, 1580  De comervanda valetudine liber editus a D. 
Sylvio, Lipsioe, 1576 ; De Somniis, Rostochii, 1591 ; Diarium 
sire Calendarium Romanum, Vitebergoe, 1593" 
p. I 32, l. 2 Lanceloto Brouno. Lancelot Browne, B.A. 1562/3 , 
M.A. 1566, M.D. 1576, Fellow ofPembroke 1567, Fellow 
of the College of Physicians 1584, principal physician to 
Elizabeth and James I, died 1605. For Harvey's relations 
with him at the rime the grace for his M.A. degree was 
opposed at Pembroke and a little after, see his Letterbook, pp. 
21, 29, 3o, 35, 43 (disregarding note a), 45-52. It would 
appear from the present passage that Harvey succeeded Browne 
at Pembroke in a fellowship set apart for medicine when 
Browne left Cambridge for London. Mr. H. G. Comber, 
however, Bursar of Pembroke, has kindly looked up the 
College records and informs me he has round no trace of 
anything of the sort. 
There is another reference to Browne in Harvey's notes 
on Freigius' Preface to his Momicus (not printed below, on 
p. 203) : ' Tria nobilia, et famosa problemata : ex Aristotelis, 
Auerrois, Plinij, et Pomponatij Theorematis. Eadem etiam 
ipsa, à Caio Julio Guercentio, proposita Brouno et Lauherno' 
[Richard I,auherne or Lawhorne, Fellow of Pembroke Hall, 
B.A. 157112 , M.A. 1575; see Letterbook, Index, for his 
opposition to ftarvey in 1573]. Commenting later on 
Freigius' account of his disputation with a Jesuit, who finally 
fled from the place in consequence of the uproar against him, 
Harvey writes: 'Similis fere exitus trium proelectionum 
Geometricarum Caij Julij Guercentij, mea memoria Canta- 
brigioe in Rhetoricis Scholis publice habitarum, frequentissimo 
Academicorum omnium concursu. Brouni mathematica, et 
Lauherni philosophica oemulatione, statim omnis illa declama- 
toria jactatio jnterrupta.' 
p. 132, l. 18 Ferndio. Jean Fernel (c. 1497-1558). His Medicina, 
Paris, 1554, passed through more than thirty editions. 
p. i32 , 1.22 Dioscoridem. Dioscorides Pedacius, or Pedanius, a 
Greek physician of Anazarba in Cilicia, probably of the 
2nd century, author of rive books H,pl )Anç i«rp«:ijç. 
p. 132 , 1.23 Polybum. A Greek physician of the island of Cos 
of the 4th century .c. and a pupil of Hippocrates, perhaps 
the author of some treatises attributed to his toaster. 

Nous OE6 3 

p. z32,1.25 Hermete Trismegisto. From Plato's time identified 
with Thoth, the inventor of language, writing, and arts and 
sciences generally. The work Pimander or Poemander (from 
'o#Mv) traus, by Ficinus as Mercurii Trismegisti liber de Pores- 
tare et sapientia Dal, Trevisa, x47I. In Greek, it was first 
published at Paris, 554- It was perhaps composed in the 
neo-Platonic age on the bmis of Egyptian lore (Biog. Gln.). 
p. 13 , 1.  5 Nicolaum Jl, repsum. Nicolaus Myrepsus, author 
of ntidotarium, ff. in the 13th cent. at Alexandria. He was 
the author of a work De compoitione medicamentorum train, a 
Grwco in Latimtm a Nic. Rhegino, I54I. 
P"  33, 1. z7 v«(rto,, ç «rtov. Aristot. dna(yt. Prior, u, cap. 
xvii, 6 5 b. " rb 7àp a»,aro,, ç mrm, rOaO«« ror6 
• " • z$ .... 0 
TO . 
kpo vwvoç oTov , wç ou" «T n,e« m.E B 
It is common in the Latin form ' non causam pro causa'. 
P- 33, 1. 3 Dionh àtarm. Harvey is referring to Dion 
Chrysostom's Oratio XXlV Dpi fi,oHaç., in which Dion 
urges the necessity of trusting no one, hot even one's best and 
nearest tiend. Dion, born at Prusa in Bithynia c. 5o .., 
lived as a rhetorician at Rome, and died c.  17- 
P- 34, 1. 4 Otaries in Cwsare Ianes. Lucan, Phars., vI, 776. 
P-  34, 1. o deliberabundus. The word is only found in Livy, 
, 54 and I b 45- 
P-34,1-uu aulw Jmtinianw. Trinity Hall, as the home of 
Civil Law. 
P.  34, 1.24 dtticw eloquentiw quasi stelluloe. Cri Erasmus, De 
Copia Ferb., , xi, ' Novata' : ' Groeca Latinis . . intermixta 
. . addunt gratiam.' 
p. x34 , 1. u7 dactiktheca. A«,oO», used by Pliny for a 
collection of gems, by Martial, xi, 59, for a ring-case, 
« Dactyliothecam non habet.' 
P. 35, 1. 6 Haddoni. Walter Haddon, LL.D., Master of 
Trinity Hall, 1549-5u, attacked Osorius in  56 in a work 
Pro Rrmatlone flnglicana ephtola apologetica, and later in 
another, ŒEEntra H. Osorium, usque odiosas imectationes. . . 
Osorius replied in 567. Cf. p.   x, 11. 6-u. 
p.  36, 1. x. Non muffa : sed muffum. Plin. Epp., wq 9,  5 : 
' aiunt enim multum legendum esse, non multa '.E. B. 
p. 36,1. x 3 d quibus nihil boni pero, quia nolunt : ab ifi nihil 
mail metuo, quia non possunt. Based on Cic. ad tt. , xiii, 2, 
• 'A quo nihil speres boni rei publicae, quia non vult: nihil 
speres [early v. 1. metuas] mali, quia non audet.'E. B. 

OE 64 Notes 

p. 136, 1. 24 Mineradoro, a mine of gold. 
p. I36,1. z4 Comede 8olem.  feed on tire'. Cf. an unprinted 
note of Harvey's in his Erasmus, Parabolw, p. 13-$ " « Ignea 
Ingenia Linguas et Artes statim arripiunt. Comede $olem.' 
p. 136, 1. z-$ Octaua, i.e. eighth after the seven liberal sciences. 
p., 36, 1. z 7 Bartasius . . laudat Pibracum. Du ]]artas' Triumph 
of Faith is dedicated to Guy de Faut, Lord of Pibrac. 
(Sylvester's translation.) 
p. 136, 1.29 magistratus ostendit virum, ap,t avepet et,vvtrlv, 
attrib, to Pittacus by Diog. Laert, ,, iv, 4 (77)" King com- 
pares Plut. degerrndrtp. I-$. Erasmus, 4dag., ch. I, cent x, 
76.  magistratus virum indicat'.mE. B. 
P- *37, 1.3 ye fi'ute)'idl Trees of Guiana. T. Masham, in his 
accourir of Sir XV. Raleigh's third voyage to Guiana, I-$96 
(Hakluyt's loyages, **l, p. 697 )"  the rarest fruits of the 
world, tbe pine, the plantan, with infinite otber variable and 
pleasant, growing to their bandes, without plantingor dressing.' 
P- *37, 1.4 l"bi vlcus, ibi manus : Erasmus, 4dagia, ch. I, cent. 
I, 44" « Ubi quis doler, ibidem et manum habet. rov rlç 
ATtî, ¢ttrt ¢« r)v \tp" . Senarius proverbialis quem 
refert Plutarchus libro de futili loquacitate . .. Plutarchus 
huc torquet, ubi quid sire dolet, sire delectat, ibi quisque 
linguam habet.' 
p. I ]7,1. -$ vbi amor, ibi oculus. John of Salisbury, Policraticus, 
lib. ***, cap. 12, Certe uetus prouerbium est quia ubi amor 
ibi oculus; et ubi uigil mentis intentio, ibi fixa cordis positio 
est.' C. C. J. Vebb in his edition says"  notissimum est 
prouerbium, sed unde prouenerit nescio; cf. uersiculum ap. 
Margalitz in Florilegio prouerbiorum uniuersae Latinitatis: 
Illic est oculus qua res est quam adamamus.'E. B. 
p. 137 , l. 18 Doctor II/'athes new marriage. Probably Nicholas 
Wathe, of CIare Hall, B.A., 1-$69/7o , M.A., 1573 . Ifso, 
he is probably the man whom Nashe mentions in connex- 
ion with Gabriel Harvey's brother John when at Queens' 
College: - M. Wathe his ancient ouer-wharter (betwixt 
whom & him there was such deadly emulation)' who Car a 
Commensment dinner in Queenes Colledge . . graueld and 
set a ground both him and his brother Gabienus (i.e. Richard 
Harvey) '. (II/'orks, ed. McKerrow, III, 81.) The burial- 
register of Saffron Walden church bas the entry  16ox 
[16o½] t 7 Match. M'. Nicholas Wathe Doctor of Visieke.' 
He apparently tberefore left Cambridge to practise at Saffron 


Walden. There are two references to him in Harvey's notes 
in his copy of Bruele " p. 133, ' Ascarides, occultus morbus 
Christophori Byrdi generosi [Chr. Bird was buried at Saffron 
Walden, 23 Oct., 16o3]" quem nondum curare potest 
Doctor Wathus.' p. x84. ' Doctori Vatho Salutem. Quid 
tibi vis, Ignaue, qu6d te tam grauiter aegrotare pateris, et 
tare diu? Non enim possum» Imperite, dicer% cul tot ad 
vnguem peritissimi. Sed tamen vt alijs iampride[m,] ita tibi 
ipsi tandem teipsum proba Mcdicum " et ante omnia Medice 
cura teipsum. Frustra stud[-et] tot Medicinoe, Philosophioe, 
Chymioe secretis, qui nescit curare sernetipsum. Nam nolle, 
aut tardare» id sanè esset insanioe. Quarnprimùm igitur Vale, 
et, salue ; Salue, et Vale. Sat benè, si sat cit6. Tuus G [H.]' 
Another note of Harvey's ruade in his copy of Castiglione's 
Courtier is quoted by Miss C. Runtz-Rees (Public. ofIod. 
Lang. 4ssn. of4merica, xxv, 6  9)"  M. Martin being asked 
of M *i Hubert how Doctor ,Vath her physitian looked in 
his sickness: answered, «ML Doctor lookes like the further 
end ofa tïddle".' In a will-suit of 594 it was deposed that 
Hugh Situons» of ,Valden, barber-surgeon, by the direction 
of the physitian, Mr. Vathe, of Valden,  did pricke the 
saide testator in divers places of his legs to let forthe the 
water, having the dropsy' (W. M. Palmer in Camb. Antiq. 
Soc. Commun., Vol. xvl, p. 15 I). 
p.37,11.2,27 F'nhappy Philip. I showed in Notes  Queries 
(Ith S., III. 26I 1 8 Ap. 9) that the young lord who 
pursued Mercy Harvey (Letterbook, pp. 44-58) was Philip, 
Earl of Surrey (by courtesy) and afterwards Earl of Arundel. 
It is to him, I doubt hOt, that Harvey here refers. 
P.  37, l. 28 ye new Frenc politique discurses &c. Not traced. 
p. I37 , 1.29 Examen de lngenios. By Juan de Dios Huarte, 
Baerça,  575- 
p. I38, l. 9 honores mutant mores. Cf. Gartner's Prouerbialia 
Dicteria (57o), p. 48": 'Immutant mores homines, cùm 
dantur honores'; Carmlnum Prouerbialium loti communes 
(Lond., I579) , p. o5" 'Immutant mores hominis, cum 
dantur honores'; Camden's Remains: 'Honours should 
change manners'" Englishmen for my loney (Malone Soc. 
l. 694 ) " ' it is an old said saw, Honors change Manners.' 
p.  38,1. 17 Omnigatherum. Generally in the sense of a mixed 
crowd. The N. E. D. quotes North's Plutarc ( 579-80)" 
a rash confused multitude of omnlatherum . Harvey in 

OE66 Notes 

the third of his Foure Letters (IP'orks, ed. Grosart, I, 19o), 
calls Greene "a Rayler, a beggar, an Omnigatherum.' 
p. 138,1.23 gratia magnatum nescit habere stature. The line is 
given in Gartner's Prouerbialia Dicteria (157o), p. 47, and in 
Carminum Prouerbialium loci communes (Lond., 1579), P- 72. 
p. 138, 1.24 8cabbida facta lOecus totum de]erdit ouile. Variants 
of this line occur in Carminum Prouerbialium loti communes 
(Lond., 1579), P- 39,' Unica praua pecus, inficit omne pecus' ; 
in Nashe, If/orks (reference mislaid) : 'a skald sheep marrs the 
whole flock'; in Camden's Remains : ' One scabbed sheep will 
mar a whole flock'. Cf. Juv., Bat. II. 79, 80 : 'grex totus 
in agris Unius scabie cadit et porrigine porci'. 
p. 138,1. 26 D r. Perne. See pp. 17, 3 O, 32, 36, 38, 49, 69. 
At Cambridge he had been the ' Vicar of Bray' of his age. 
See Harvey's scathing picture of him, llorks (Grosart), II, 
p. 138 , 1. 27 Localise. The word is hOt round elsewhere in the 
useful sense which Harvey gives it. 
p. 138,1.29 .lumpewith K. Harry. Cf. p. 2oI, 1. 20, and Lyly, 
Caml, aslOe , I, iii: 'Thou thinkest it a grace to be opposite 
against Alexander. Diog. And thou to be jump with 
Alexander '. 
p. 13%1. 18 Tom Turner. Possibly Thomas Turner, fellow 
of Peterhouse, I555-69, D.D. I583. He was apparently 
a time-server. See Cooper's Athenw. 
p. 139,1.28 Little Tytt, ail Tayle. In J. Heywood's Proverbs, 
pt. , ch. x, we have 'little tit-all-tail'. 
P" 13%1-34 A4ri" 8trachie. In Harvey's time the Stracheys 
were an important family at Saffron Walden. 
p. 14o, 1.4 rustica gens est olOtima fions, et lOessima gaudens. From 
_Notes  Querles, 1o S., II, 405, it appears this line [4nglica 
sometimes for Rustica] has frequently been the subject of 
queries and never identified : ridens is a variety ofgaudens. 
p. 140, 1. I I D. Fulk. Dr. W. Fulke was Master of Pembroke 
1578-89. Harvey is quoting a pun made by him on the 
oratorical use of vel dic' and the expression a desperate 
Dick '. 
p. 14o , 1.12 Caseus est nequam, quia digerit omnia, Se quàm. 
Given in Carminum Prouerbialium loti communes (Lond., 1579), 
p. 29 . King, under No. 255, gives ref. to S. de Rienzi's 
Collectio 8alernitana, I, 39o.E. B. 

Notes . z6 7 

p.  4 o, 1.  3 poco fa, chi à se non gioua. Perhaps based on the 
line: sapit nequicquam qui sibi ipsi non sapit,' (often 
attributed to Publ. Syrus). 
p. I4 I, 1. 6 Lycosthenes. Conradus Lycosthenes, author of 
lpophthegmatum . . per C. Lycosthenem collectorum loci com- 
munes . . His accesserunt Parabolw olim collectw (by F.rasmus) 
nunc vero per C. Lycosthenem in locos communes digestee, 574, 
and $imilium loti communes• Cure Ttaeod. Zuingeri Similltudinum 
methodo, Bas., I575. 
p. I4,1. I8 tu«G «oç,«rlv 8«r,ç o;s «ïro «dçoç. A line 
attributed to Menander (Monosticha, 332), quoted by 
Lucian (?)in his lpologia pro more. cond. Easmus, ldagia, 
ch. I cent. ri, 20. 
p. 141 , 1. 29 Stukeley. Thomas Stukeley (? 1525-78), adventurer, 
was knighted by Philip II in 157011. In 1577 he was 
supplied with ships and men by the Pope in order to invade 
Ireland, but at Lisbon joined Sebastian, King of Portugal in 
his expedition against Morocco and died at the battle of 
Alcazar. He is commemorated in Peele's Battle ofllcazar, 
and in a play (printed 1605) , The Life and Death of Captain 
Thomas Stukely. Cf. Harvey, II/'orks I, 146: 'aspiring 
Stukely, that would rather be the king of a moulhill, then 
the second in Ireland, or England.' 
p. 142, l. I ] No fisshing to y Sea, nor seruice to 1 King. The 
proverb is given in Camden's Remains." ' There is no tishing 
to the sea, nor service to the King.' 
p. 14S, 1. 21 $anazarius (ut scribit Pontanus :) magnus Irwn : 
• . studiosissimus ; Illi, maximus Temporis perditor in choreis, et 
nugis. The reference is to J. j. Pontanus, De Sermone, w, 
cap. 4 (the deïnition of Irony). Pontanas writes: 'Actus 
Syncerus [sc. Sannazarius] cure irridere uerbosum hominem 
honestè uellet, conuersus ad astantes" Homo hic, inquit, à 
muto parum abest. Quid qu6d hoec ipsa dissimulantia 
maximam quandoque uim habet laudationis, ut cum famili- 
aris noster Suardinus Suardus . . commendare industriam 
uellet assiduitatemque adolescentis cuiuspiam in literis: Hic, 
inquit, adolescens à Musis auersus est ode6, ut etiam noctes 
in choreis absumat ac palœestris'. Harvey ascribes to Sannazaro 
the saying which Pontanus attributes to another friend. 
p. 143 , l. u 9 qu = tue. Cf. Shaks. Rich. III, iii, 4, UT: ' Had 
you not tome vpon your Q my Lord . .' 
p. I44 , 1. I $cipiO. The accusation was mode in 85 l.c. on 
the anniversarï of his victory of Zama in uou. 

OE68 Nos 

P-  44, !. 28 Multitudo Imperatorum,perdidit Cariam. Erasmus, 
Idagia, ch. x, cent. vx, 7- ro),),ol <rrparo'yo't Kapgav 
àrrgo,*aav" [The Greek line is in Suidas' Lexkon, 3o29 A, 
Gaisford.--E. B.] 
P.  45, 32 Gratia fit pluris, quàm tota scientia Juris. Cf. p.  80, 
l. 3 o. The proverb is given in Carminun Prouerbialium loti 
communes (Lond., x579), PP- 97, I I2. 
P- x45, 1- 34 Gothofredo. Denis Godefroi (549-6oEoE), editor 
of Corpus Juris Civilis (594), and author of Opuscula Juris 
varia., lnstitutionum-authore D. Gothofredo [Paris],  586, 8 °. 
p. 46, !. 2 Damaso. Probably Gulielmus Damasus, author of 
Burchardica sire regulw canonicw, a P. Saluno lquilio recog. 
Lugd., x 566,  6 °. 
p. 46, ll. 4, 5 See Index. 
p.  46, l. 5 Solennis practica Henningi. This book is not to be 
round in the catalogue of the Br. Mus. In an unprinted note 
in his O,o,,o,a, p.  9 , Harvey refers to «practica judiciaria 
Henningi,' along with Odofredus' book which here follows. 
p. 146,1.50dofredi. Odofredus Bononiensis' De libellisformandis 
included in Primum volumen tractatuum, vol. v, Lugduni, 
 549, fo., an d in Tractatus universi Ju ris, t o m. 3, pt. 2,  582, fo. 
p. 46, !. 8 4nal),sis Freigiana Consiliorum aliquot Zasii. Harvey 
refers to J. T. Freigius' work, Partitiones juris utriusfue . 
/ldjectw sunt Partitiones Feudales ex [Joannis Udalrici] Zasii 
epitome deduct,e, 157 I, fo. For Freigius, see p. 203, !. I o. 
p. 46,1. 2 Ludovici Protonotari. cf. 1. 6. In his Common- 
place Book, 2 r, Harvey quotes fiom the  Acts ofy  Councell 
of Basil': gVhen Panorrnitan had finished his oration, 
Ludouicus ye Prothonotary of Roome rose upp: a man of 
such singular witt, and memory . that he had allwais in 
memory, whatsoeuer he had heard, or redd ;.. and in Disputa- 
tion, his manner was, not to repeate ), principles ofy  Law . . 
as other Law)'ers do: but rehearsed y Text without booke . . ' 
Hakewill in his /lpologie (627) , p. 2, writes: ',tZEneas 
Sylvius in his history of the Councill of Basill . . tels vs of 
one Ludovicus Pontanus of Spoleto a Lawyer . . by profes- 
sion (who dyed of the Pestilence at that Councill, at thirty 
years of age,) that he could recite not the titles onel)-, but 
the intire bodies of the Lawes.' Prof. ]3ensly has round the 
original passage in Aeneas Sylvius' Opera (Basel, 57), P- 
24. He points out that the Protonotary is there called 
« Ludovicus Romanus' and is the man to whom a couplet 

Notes 269 

is devoted in Matthoeus Gribaldus' Catalogus afiquot interpre- 
tutu iuris drille. 
p. x 46,1.13 francici dduocati. See p. 9% 1.  4 n. 
p. 46,1. x 5 Legempone = give your reference. Harvey, [Uorks 
(Grosart), , 3 x  : '(Perne deeply considered) that Bayard in 
the stable, and Legem pane, were substantial points of Law'; 
1, 285 : without legem pane, wordes are winde, and without 
actuall performance, all nothing.' 
p. 147, l. Io Mulcasters College &c. For Mulcaster's proposed 
University reform, see his Poitiom (originally printed 158 ), 
edited by Quick (1888), pp. 237-49. 
p. 148, 1. t In sudore vultus tui veceris pane tuo. Genesis, iii, 19. 
p. I48, 1. 27 Quicquid est in Deo, est Deus. Probably a scholastic 
commonplace. Cf. J. Prideaux, Hypomnemata Logica . . 
Pneumati«a, &c., p. 7-58 :  An Aliquid sit in Deo, quod non 
sit Deus? N[egatur]." 
p. 148 , !. 32 In uno Ctesare multi Marq. Sulla's saying of Coesar. 
Plut. Ctesar, I: Suet. Jul. Ces., I. 
p. 149,1. I o Marcellus vicit/Ircbimedem. M. Claudius Marcel- 
lus took Syracuse in 2t2 B.c. when the mathematician 
Archimedes was slain. 
p. 149, 1.  2 A,Iacbiauelli . . Princeps. Machiavelli's DelPrincipe, 
written  513, pub.  53-"- 
P-t49, i. 2 Folaterrani . . Princeps. Raphael Maffejus, Vola- 
terranus, was the author of Rapbacli ["olatcrrani de Principfi 
Duciq ; offcio, & De re militari opmculum, ex nobilissimis 
autoribu, which is included (pp. 116-151 ) in Onoandri 
Platonici de Optimo lmperatore . Basileoe, tvtoxt.l. 
p. I49, l. 12 Erasmi. Erasmus' work here referred to is the 
lmtitutio Principis Cbristiani, Basileoe, 1516, 4 °. 
p. I49,1. 13 Osorij. Osorius (Jeronimo Osorio da Fonseca) 
was author ofD. Hieronymi Osorii . . de regfi imtitutione et dis- 
dplina lib. viii. Olysippone, 1571 , 8 . 
p. 149 , 1. 13 Patritij. Francesco Patrizi, Bishop of Gaeta, was 
the author of F. Patritii Senemis de Regno et R«gis institutione 
lib. ix, Parisiis, 1567, 8 °. 
p. I49, 1. 13 Heresbacbij. Conrad Heresbach, author of De 
Educandis «rudiendiÆqu« Principum L;b«ris d«qu« R«publica 
Christiana adminktranda Libri duo. Francofurti ad 
Moenum, t 57 o, 4 °. 
P- x49, l. 14 Ceecilianus. Harvey compares Burleigh as a states- 
man with Sir T. Smith, primarily a man of letters. 

OE7 o Notes 

p. 149 , 1. 2 3 Regna terrarum, cwlorumque raplunt I/'iolenti. 
S. Matt. xi, I2. 
p. I49,1.32 Homerico nepcnthe. Odys., iv, 9.9_I. 
p-  50, l. :'6 Bartholmew Clark ( 537-89190). Sec D.N.B. 
(Clerke): Harvey's Rhetor was dedicated to him (sec p. 15 su[,.) 
p.  50, l. :'7 bishop Ehner. John Aylmer, or Elmer (c.  5:' 1-94), 
Bishop of London, 157617-94 . See pp. :'6, 43. 
p. 15o ,1. 9_8 Tobie Alathezv. Tobias Matthew (1546-I69_8), 
Archbishop of York from J6o6. 
p. 151,1.9_ more Caroli l'ïrali [sc. Viruli], Xctetici, [For 
' Xetetici' Harvey should clearly have written « Zetetici'.] 
Carolus Virulus, first master of the Gymnasium Lilianum at 
Louvain. Vives, De Disciplinis librixx, l. iv (ed. Col., 1536, 
p. 36o), says that when a visitor came to this school, Virulus 
would ascertain before dinner what his profession or main 
interest was, and then « de eodem ipso arti/ïcio interea legebat, 
& meditabatur', so that, by displaying his knowledge to his 
guest, he could draw from him « intima & secretissima artis' 
and learn ' brevissima hora quoe ille usu multorum annorum 
vix esset consecutus'. An account of Virulus in Val. 
Andreas' Bibliotheca Belgica states that he died in I493 at the 
age of 8o, and was the author of Formule Epistolarum 
(printed 1489_). Erasmus, De conscribendis epistoli (ad init.) 
speaks contemptuously of these ' Epistoloe Caroli cujusdam, 
qui multos annos moderatus est paedagogium Liliense, quas 
hune nemo dignetur sumere in manus.'--Professor Foster 
Watson and E. B. 
p. 151, l. 5 4ugustus, totus actuosus, obiter profedt cientia. In his 
Commonplace Book, 7', Harvey writes: ' Augustus Politica 
Apophthegmata, et paroenetica proecepta ubique locorum colli- 
gebat, quoties maiora molienti occurrerunt ; nullam opportu- 
nitatem, aut commoditatem obiter oblatam proetermittens 
augendoe scientioe, et sapientioe.' Suetonius, dugustus, 84: 
' Eloquentiam studiaque liberalia ab aetate prima et cupide et 
laboriosissime exercuit. Mutinensi bello in tanta mole rerum 
et legisse et scripsisse et declamasse cotidie traditur.' 
p. 15 1,1.   Robin Goodfellow's Table Philosolhy. Harvey says 
of himself, 'Robin good fellow whan I liste', in the verses 
prefixed to this book. (Letterbook, fo. 65. ) 
p. 15 I, 1. 13 feates will shew hiÆ Cunning. Dr. McKerrow 
suggests to me that this expression may refer to a man Feats 
or Hilles mentioned in R. Scot's Discoverie oflPïtchcra (ed. 

Notes  7  

584, p. 44, reprint 886, p. 16) as having sold to Dr. 
Burcot a familiar' [familiar spirit]. This fellowe by the 
naine of Feats was a jugler, by the naine of Hilles a witch 
or conjurer, everie waie a cousener: his qualities and feats 
were to me and manie other well knowne and detected.' 
Cf. also pp. 257., 357 (ed. 1584), pp. 7.04, 7.97 (886). It 
seems possible that Feats was a general naine given to jugglers, 
and that there is no reference here to a particular individual. 
p.  5 , l. 2 3 ye Nine lUorthye. Cri p. 97, 1.5 n. 
p.  5, l. 4 Y* Seauen IUise masters, riz., Solon of Athens, 
Chilon ofSparta, Thales of Miletus, Bias ofPriene, Cleobulus 
of Lindus, Pittacus of Mitylene and Periander of Corinth. 
P- * 5 I, 1.26 Par est firtuna Labori. Is this formed from Hot., 
Sat. II, 8, 66 : ' Responsura tuo nunquam estpar fama labori' ? 
p. xsI, l.u 7 tjnitio turpe Cwmri. Cf. p. 206, 1. 3I n. 
p. 5,1. u9 Petrarchs . . Triump fame. The Rime del 
Petrarca, Ven. 147o, &c., include Trion della Fama, a short 
poem in terza rima. 
p.  5 , l.  Sakmoni Ecclesiastes. Ect., ix. o : 'Whatsoever thy 
hand findeth to do, do it with thy might.' 
p. 5 , l. u kil0« 3,a«ç. Epicurus' maxim. See Plutarch's 
treatise, EI «kç «inr«, fO 0 /3,«aç.E. B. 
p. 52,1. 3 bene qui latuit, bene vixit. Not by Horace, but 
Ovid, Tr. I, 4, 5: «crede mihi, bene qui latuit, bene 
p. 152, l. 90k, quld ad te, &c. Martial, w*,  o (' faciant'). 
W. C.S. 
p. 152,1. II Sapiemest . . quisibiipsisapit. Cf. p. o5, 1. IU n. 
p. 5, 1. 3 Cbaritas incipit a Seiso. Apparently based on 
 Charity begins at home', the first example of which phrme 
quoted by the N. E. D. is round in Beaumont & Fletcher's 
1Uit without Money, v, . 
p. su, l.  5 that carry meat in y mowth. CE Harvey, lorks 
(Grosart), tt, 9 u :  I truste I shall shortly learne . . to employ 
my trauayle . wholly, or chiefely on those studies and 
practizes, that carrie as they saye, meate in their mouth." 
p. I52,]. I6 quw aluntfamiliam. Cf. the proverb Verba non 
alunt familiam' (quoted in Pedantius, l. u696 , and given in 
J. Clarke's Paroemioloa (639), p. ). 
p. 5, 1. 4 pollonius Tyaneu. See p. 97, 1.6 n, and p. o, 
l. z n. 

OE 72 Notes 

p. x 52, 1.32 tanquam autoritatem habens. S. Matt., vil. 29 ; 
S. Mark, i. 
P-x53, 1. 6 by y" resolution af Eusebius. Hierocles, Governor 
of Bithynia, having compared the miracles of Christ with 
those of Apollonius in a treatise written against the Christians, 
Eusebius, Bishop of Coesarea (c. 265-c. 338), replied with a 
critical examination of the lire and alleged acts of Apollonius 
as told by Flavius Philostratus (c. 18u-c. u5o). Eusebius' 
tract is entitled Hpb¢ Tà 
T;V Tvm'[o a  " T, "lpoKA rapançO«av aTofi r a} ro 
Xpt«rofi OE7pt«t,,. Eusebius' 'resolution' or determination 
of the crue, seems hardly as definite as Harvey asserts. 
Eusebius was of course, the author of the Ecclesiastkal 
p. 154, l. I ne = 'ne . . quidem ', as frequently in Elizabethan 
p. 154, 1. 8 TeuÆia. OovpTia , art, magic. Porphyry. 
p. 54,1.14 Doctor Phillip in . his Counsellour. Bartolome 
Felippe's Tracmdo del Conseio y de los Conseieros de los Principes 
appeared in a second impression at Turin in 589 . It was 
translated by Harvey's friend John Thorius as The Counseller 
. . written in Spanish by B. Phillip. Jo. Volfe, 
Cf. Harvey's lfrks, . 4, 87. 
p. 154, 11. 26, 27 play Iock Halliday. To play mock-holiday 
to act deceitfully. See N. E. D. 
p. 155, 1.3 Th¢ Diuel is  knaue, and his Data  whore. For 
'The Diuel . . and his Dam' cf. Hrks (Grosart), I. 156 , 
252; ,I. 92 , 24 I. 
P-  55, 1.4 apophthegma veteris philosophi : homines trahendos esse, 
non pallio, sed auribus. Diog. Laert., VIL i, 19 (24) , in the 
lire of Zeno the Stoic" ç»i«i " "Aro&,,,o¢ 6 T6p,o¢, 
Otfi. ! Vl, Zeno Citticus, 3 I, gives the story in Latin, 
without any reference.--E. B. 
p. x55,1.6 It i  bad dotfi, tbat wi# take no cullaur. The 
proverb occurs in Camden's Remaim. 
p. 156 , 1.8 Praresius (c. 276-368 .v.), a teacher of rhetoric 
at Athens. Cf. Eunapius, Tbe lyue Pbilasapber, [x579] : 
Eunapius says Prooeresius was his toaster when E. came out 

No tes OE 7 3 

of Asia at 4, & P- was 8 7 : 'Diuine P. had not yet seene 
this Wryter'" 'in ail things he was beyonde a man" 'a 
man of such quality, as all the worlde was fylled with his 
eloquence, and inhabited of his Disciples'. 
p. I56 , !. Il ex vltima Tabula physicw Ramew, in Platonica 
fabula lristwi, et Protei. I bave hOt round a copy of Ramus' 
Physics with a picture such as seems referred to. 
p. 156, !. 21 Jordanus Neapolitanus, &c. I have little doubt that 
Giordano Bruno is meant, and that Harvey gives us some 
fresh facts about the disputation in which Bruno took part 
at Oxford in 1583 . Bruno, who was of course born at 
Nola, near Naples, came from Paris to England in 583, 
aud round his way to Oxford, where he began courses of 
lectures. From IO to I 3 June the Polish Prince, Alasco, 
was in Oxford, and Bruno was one of those who disputed 
before him and some of the English nobility. If, as Harvey 
says, Bruno brought all questions back to Aristotelian com- 
monplaces, this must have been because he knew Oxford 
was a stronghold of Aristotelianism, he himself having only 
lately at Paris supported Raymond Lulli against the authority 
of Aristotle. Bruno gives a poor account of his Oxford 
antagonist (whom we learn from Harvey to bave been Dr. 
Underhill), and of the behaviour of his audience, who were 
so incensed against him that he had to break off his courses 
of lectures and leave Oxford. Bruno's own words in La 
Cena de le Ceneri (1584, p. 93) are as follows: ' Andate in 
Oxonia et fateui raccontar le cose intrauenute al Nolano, 
quando publicamente disput6 coi, qu dottori in Theologia 
in presenza del Principe Alasco Polacco, et altri della nobilit. 
Inglesa. fateui dire come si sapea rispondere fi gli argomenti ? 
come rest6 per quindeci syllogismi, quin deci uolte quai 
pulcino entro la stoppa quel pouero dottor: che come il 
Coripheo dell' Achademia ne puosero auanti in questa graue 
occasione? Fateui dire con quanta inciuilit. et discortesia 
procedea quel porco, et con quanta patienza et humanité. 
quell' altro che in fatto mostraua essere Napolitano haro, et 
alleuato sotto piu .benigno cielo? Informateui corne gl' han 
fatte finire le sue publiche letture, et quelle de immortalitate 
animoe, et quelle de quintuplici sphera?' After leaving 
Oxford, Bruno stayed for two years in London under 
the protection of the French Ambassador, Castelnau de 
Mauvissi&re, and here consorted with Philip Sidney, Fulke 

OE74 Notes 

Greville, and Dyer. Bruno's account of their meetings is 
perhaps the best evidence we have for the existence of 
something like a philosophical club or "Areopagus' in 
Sidney's circle (see p. 3o above). "Ve met,' he says, "in a 
chamber in the house of Sir Fulk Greville . . to discuss 
moral, metaphysical, mathematical and natural speculations' 
(Cena de le Ceneri, trans. I. Frith, Life of G. Bruno, p. 128). 
Possibly Harvey met him during this time. See, besides 
Frith's lire, Giordano Bruno, by J. L. McIntyre, pp. 21-24. 
p. 156, 1. 22 Doctore l'nderhiL John Underhill, fellow of New 
College, 1563, rector of Lincoln College, 1577, proceeded 
in Divinity, 158 I, Vice-Chancellor, 1584, Bishop of Oxford, 
1589, died in London, 1592 (,Vood's ,4thenw, I, 609). Cf. 
Harvey, lP'orks (Grosart), n, 292. 
p. 156, 1. 29 gIetellus Celer. Q. Coecilius Metellus Celer, as 
prœetor in 63 B.c., assisted Cicero to put down Catiline. 
Died in 59- 
p. 156, 1.3I à Lipsio, politicorum L 4- Lipsius, Politicorum, IV, 
cap. v, writes 'Vulgus omne . . . Favet Fervidis' (margin, 
Calidos amat') and quotes Thucydides, In, 82" r  
p. 157, l. I I Lucian, Rhetor. The reference fs, I suppose, to 
the Lucianic piece, «Rhetorum prœeceptor,' ironical advice to 
an intending orator. Harvey has a similar reference in a 
note in his Quintilian, p. 634: 'Hodie Luciani rhetor vult 
dominari: ni regnet Eunapij orator.' Cf. Harvey, lI'ork, 
(Grosart), II, 44: 'Lucians Rhetor, neuer so brauely fur- 
nished, will be heard with an Eccho;' ib. 82: "no such 
Ape, [in my mind] as Lucians Rhetorician.' Miss C. 
Ruutz-Rees (Publ. of Mod. Lang. ztssn, of/lmerica, xxv, 
p. 622), quotes a note of Harvey's in his copy of Castiglione's 
Courtier: « Luciano Rhetori, Plato frigidus: Demosthenes 
expers gratiarum " Isocrates delirus.' 
p. 157, 1. I I pescenninus ztctor. One supposes that Harvey meant 
' Fescenninus Actor '. 
p. 157, 1.2 5 peakegoose, simpleton. 
p. 158 ,1. 5 Doctor Lopus. Roderigo Lopez, physician to the 
royal household from 1581 , who was hanged in 1594 for 
participation in a Spanish plot to poison Queen Elizabeth. 
p. i58 ,l. 13 Dr. Burcot. A foreign physician practising in 
London, and included in 1578 in a list of Papists. He 
appears as « Dr. Tocrub' in W. Bullein's Dialogue against the 

Notes OE75 

Fever Pestilence. Cf. p. 151, 1. 13 n, and my note (derived 
from Dr. McKerrow) in the Latin play Hymeneeus, I/, 2, 93- 
p. 158,1. 13 who so bold, as bl),nde Bayard ? The proverb is 
found in J. Heywood's Proverbs, Part , ch. 8. See Skeat's 
note on Chaucer, Cant. Tales, G. 1413 : "Ye been as bolde 
as is Bavard the blinde.' 
p. 158, l.  5 Doctor Julio. No doubt Julio Borgarucci, a Pro- 
testallt refugee, M.D. of Padua, and incorporated M.D. of 
Cambridge in 1567, when he was already a member of the 
College of Physicians in London. In 1573 he was appointed 
physician to the royal household for life, being succeeded on 
his death (c. 1581 ) by Dr. Roderigo Lopez. He was 
physician to Lord Leicester (see Scott's Kenihvorth, Note G.) 
and in this connexion was probably known to Harvey. 
His wife is spoken of as "Mrs. Julio', and he seems to have 
gone by that name. See Cooper's Athenw, I, 45o.--E. B. 
p. 159, l. o Dionysius Periegetes. This book is the first item 
in the volume of tracts bound together by Harvey, now in 
the possession of Dr. Gollancz. The Harvey notes here 
given are written on flyleaves at the beginning of the volume. 
On this page and the next the references to the particular 
leaves on which Harvey's notes are found bave been 
unfortunately omitted. On p. 159 against l. 13 add in the 
margin "flyleaf 1 ", and against l. 28, 'flyleaf '', on p. 16o 
against l. IO, 'flyleaf OE', and against l. 28, 'flyleaf OEv,. See 
p. 229, 1. 9 n. 
p. I59,1.23 Complaint oftheBl,«kKnight. Now attributed to 
Lydgate. See Skeat's Chaucer, vol. vu, p. xliii. 
p. 159, 1. 24 theflowre " the leafe. Now attributed (lb. p. lxii.) 
to "a lady' the authoress of the assemblie of Ladies (see 
p. 160, 1. I 
p. 160, 1. I Eutrapeli styl,«s. See p. 114, |. 33 
p. 16o, 1.25 ber Legend. In Chaucer's LegendofGood II'omen, 
1. 2589, &c. 
p. 6,1.6 Aquarlus, the XIth book of Palingenius' Zodlacus 
p. 6,I. 6 Palingenius. Manzolli or Palingenius Stellatus» 
author of the widely known poem, Zodiacus Jitee  537" 
p. 6, 1.   Axiopbil,«s. See p. 23I , 1.  I n. 
p. I6I, 1. 3 the Slheare of Buchanan. George Buchanan's 
Slhwra was thought by Hallam the best of his Latin poems. 
p. 6, 1.33 in synonymis Textoris. Ravisius Textor's'Synonyma 

OE7 6 Notes 

poetica' are included in his 'Epithetorum . . epitome, Lond., 
p. 161, 1. 34-P- 162, 1. 3" l":gilij, de Solis ortu, tetrastlcha. 
De quatuor anni tcmpestatibus . . tctrastlcha. De 12. $igni$ 
coelestlbus, Hexasticha. De lride, tristlcha. I bave hot round 
any such lines attributed to Virgil. Lines, however, corres- 
ponding to those mentioned are found among  Carmina Duo- 
dccim Sapicntum" in Bachrcns' PoctwLatini .|Iinores, v, 1882. 
Thus p. 126,  Tristicha de arcu caeli' ; p. 13 I, 'Tetrasticha 
de quattuor temporibus' ; p. 134, ' [Tetrasticha] de aurora 
et sole; p. I43 , '[Hexasticha] de duodecim signis'. 
p. 162, l. 6 Pontanum. Among the poems of Giovanni Gioviano 
Pontano are ]kleteorum liber unus, and Uranla, slve de stellis 
libri quinque. 
p. I62, 1. 6 Fracastorium. Girolamo Fracastorio of Verona, 
poet, philosopher, astronomer, and physician (1483-1553). 
An edition of his Poemata omnia was published at Padua in 
17 I8. I see no poem on a distinctly astronomical subject, 
though there are some verses» extracted from one of his 
prose works, callcd ' In calce Homocentricorum', p. 163. A 
prose work, De s).mpathia et antilathia rerum liber unus, is 
contained in Theatrum sympatheticum auctum, Norimbergoe, 
p. I62, l. 6 ,)lizahlum. Antoine Mizauld, author of the poem, 
/1. ,lizaldi Zodiacus, sire duodecim signorum ceeli hortulus : 
libellis tribus concinnatus, Parisiis, 1553, 8 °, and other works 
on astrolog-y and occult science (see p. I3I , 1. I6). 
p. i62,1.29 in diebus illis, 'a common expression derived I 
suppose, fiom Genesis, ri. 4, "Gigantes autem erant super 
terram in diebus illis"' (Dr. McKerrow, Nashe's ll'orks, I. 
367, 33 n). 
p. 162,1.3 ° luclum. Mulcaster (Positions, ed. I888, p. 241) 
tells how Sir John Cheke, when Provost of King's Colleg% 
Cambridge, sent from the court one maister Bukley som- 
time fellow of the saide Colledge' to read Arithmetic and 
Geometry to the youth of the college. Maister Bukley 
had drawne the rules of Arithmeticke into verses, and gaue 
the copies abroad to his hearers.' William Buckley, of 
King's College, M.A., '545, died c. 157o , author of 
lrithmetica lemorativa (in Latin verse). 
p. 162, I. 30 lstrophilum. I suppose, Sir Philip Sidney. 
p. 162, I. 3  Blagravum. Blagrave is, I believe, only known as 

Notes z 7 7 

a poet by his verses prefixed to The Mathematical Iewel (see 
p. 212, 1, 9)- 
p. 1 6, 1. I Blagraui Margaritam Matbematlcam. BIagrave's 
MatbematlcalIewel(see p. 21 , 11.22-5, and p. 23o, l. 16 n.). 
P-63,1.5 Hariotus. Thomas Harriot (156o-1621), mathe- 
rnatician and astronorner, see D. N. B. 
p. I63,1.5 Deius. E. Worsop, Discoverie oferrours (1582), G. 
'M. John Dee . . is accounted of the learned Mathema- 
ticians throughout Europe ye prince of Mathematicians 
of this age . . . This M. Dee hath put vnto these englished 
elernents [Bi[lingsley's translation of Euclid] rnany scholies, 
annotations, corollaries, and expositions . . . Also his 
mathernaticall preface vnto those elements, is a worke 
of such singularitie and necessitie to ail students of the 
Mathernaticals, that I wish them to rnake it a manuel.' 
See D. N. B. 
P- 163,11- 9, 14 Erra Paters prognostication for euer. This is 
The pronostycacion for tuer of Erra Pater, a Jewe borne in 
Jewery, a doctour in astronomye and physicke. Profytable to 
the bodye in helth, R. Wyer [London, 1535 ?], 8°- There 
were man), later editions. 
p. I63, 1. 15 The $hepherds Kalendar. This is of course not 
Spenser's work, but a translation of Le Grand Calendrier et 
Compost des Bergiers (editions frorn I493 onwards). The 
Euglish work was pri,lted by R. Pynson, I5O6 , fo., Hcre 
begyneth the Kalender of Sbepherdes &c, and there were rnany 
later editions. 
p. 163, 1. 16 The Compost of Ptolemeus. The earliest edition of 
this work in the British Museum is that printed by R. Vyer 
[London, I5] 5 ?] Hcre begynneth the compost of Ptholomeus, 
Prynce of/lstronomye. Translated oute of Frenche. It was 
a version of Claudius Ptolernoeus' astrological work called 
p. 63, 1. 17 /lrcandam. The work is Arrcandam doctor peritls- 
simuJ ac non vulgaris astrologus, de veritatibus et prwdictionibus 
4strologi, z" per.. R. Rousmt, Parisiis, x542, 8 °. 
P-63,1" 9 Jon de indagine. Is this Joannes de Hagen de 
Indagine, a Carthusian prior who wrote a book De perfectione 
• . Cartusiensis ordinis ? 
p. a63, 1.27 /llbertus secrets. A supposititious work of Albertus 
Magnus, called Liber Arggregationis seu Liber Secretorum, &c., 
or sirnply (as in the edition published at Augsburg, I496) 

OE78 Nooes 

Liber 8ecrctorum /tlberti AIagni de virtutibus herbarum et 
anirnaliurn quorundarn. 
p. x 63, 1.27 /tristotles problems Inglished. The earliest English 
edition of Aristotle's Problems iii the British Museum is The 
Problernes of Iristotle witl other PhilosolSlers and Phisitions, 
Lond., x 597, 8° : the Douce library has olle of 1595 (Edinb.). 
p. 164, 1.2 asinus ad 1),rare. A proverbial phrase for an ignorant, 
tasteles man. Erasmus, ddagia, ch. I, cent. v, xxxv ; Lucian, 
adv. Indoctum, 6voç ,6p«ç. 
p.  64, ll. 7, 8 Neandri Geographia. The Orbis Terrw 
Partium 8uccincta explicatio . . Islebii,  583, 8 °, by Michael 
Neander of Sorau (see p. I 19, 1. 32 n). Harvey refers in 
u**printed notes (O«ovou««, reverse of title) to Neander's 
8.}.nolSsis Chronicorum, and in his tl'orks (Grosart), Il,  7 I, to 
'his late Chronicle, and later Geographie' (this in x 589). 
p. 164, l. 9 in Freig O" Pedagogo. J.T. Freigius, whose book 
]blosaicus is commented o, by Harvey (pp. 2o3-o8 below), 
published at Basel in 1582 , 8° Pedagogus, hoc est libellus 
ostendens qua rationc prima artium initia pucris quam facillime 
tradi lossint. 
p.  64, l.  5 «gli B'owghton. Hugh Broughton, the Hebrew 
scholar (1549-1612), Fellow of Christ's when Harvey was 
ail u,,dergraduate there. 
p. 64, l.   Floyd, sc. Lluyd. 
p. 64, ll. 9-3 - Cf. J. Stierius, Precepta Doctrine 8pherice 
(647), p- x 5 : 'Mensis Solaris est naturalis transitus Solis à 
Signo ad Signum. Iensis [Lunaris] Peragrationis seu 
periodicus, est tempus una Lunoe periodo descriptum, 
Estque 27 dier. & 8 ferè hot. : Conjunctionis seu Synodicus 
est tempus inter duo proxima l,ovilunia, Estque 2 9 dier. & 
 2 ferè hor. : Apparitionis seu Illuminationis est tempus à 
primo Lunoe aspectu, usque ad ejus evanescentiam, Estque 
ferè 28 dierum.' 
p. 65,1.2 The Pode. The volume contains this note, I. 
believe by Malone: I prize the volume as no ordinary 
rarity ; it affords a curious average sample of the manner in 
which G. H. recorded his studies i, the margin of his books : 
his neat handwriting : his various learning : his quaintness : 
his pedantry: and above ail his self-satisfied perseverance.' 
The book came from the ancient libray of the Parkers of 
Brousholme, hereditary bowbearers of Bolland Forest, under 
the Dukes of Buccleugh. 

Notes OE79 

p. 165,1. x6 Sir Roger llZilliams, in his new Discoure of III'arr. 
4 Brief Dicourse of lI'ar,  59 o. Cf. Harvey, II'orks, , 99- 
p. 65,1.19 Chytrteus new chronide. David Chytroeus of Rostock, 
53o-6oo. His Chronicon Saxoniee appeared in 593. 
p. 66, 1.2o Omne genus scrlpti, grauitate Trageedia vincit. Ovid, 
Tritia, , 38 . 
p. 166, 1.21 [1atsoni 4ntigone . . acta . . cure . . pornpis, et the- 
matibus. The work was printed as Sophoclis 4ntigone Interprete 
Thoma [/'[/'atsono J. [/'. studioso. Huic adduntur pompte qutedam, 
ex singuKs Trageedite actis deriuatte ; & post eas» totidem themata 
ententijs refertisima ; eodem Thoma ll/'atsono 4uthore. Lond. 
Exc. Ioh. l/'llolfius, I58. It was dedicated to Philip, Earl 
of Arundel, Harvey's 'Unhappy Philip' (see p. 37, 1.2 n). 
The four «pompoe' are dumb-show% the C themata', choric 
odes. On the introduction of intermedli or dumb-shows 
in classic tragedy, see Cunliffe, Early Eng. Clas. Tragedies, 
pp. xxxix, &c. It is noticeable that Har,ey sa)'s the Atntigone 
was acted. 
p. 66,1.26 Icon, Philostrato digna. A reference to Flavius 
Philostratus' Ei¢6,«ç» or descriptions of pictures. 
p. 67, I. 23 play thepoor shake, act like a poor creature. The 
first example of c poor shake ' in the N. E. D. is from Greene, 
p. 69, 1. IO 4schami querela. Ascham's attacks in the Schole- 
naster on Cour rude beggerly ryming, brought first into 
Italie by Gothes and Hunnes' (ed. Mayor, p. 77), no doubt 
instigated Harvey to advocate the substitution of classical 
p. 69, 1.2I 4 pithie rule, &c. Only the general sense of the 
rule is to be round in Sidney's Atpologie. 
p.  7 o, I.  0 Ai special note in Sir Philips 4pologie for Poetrie. 
Harvey refers perhaps to the use of the coesura in English, 
which, as Sidney says, Cneither Italian nor Spanish haue, the 
French and we neuer almost fayle of.' 
p. x 7 O, 1.23 gaudent breuitate noderni. Joan. Nevizanus, Sylva 
Nuptialis, Lib. , Introd. § 6: 'Brevitas est delectabilis 
auditoribus» quia sensus auditus inter omnes sensus est valde 
attediativus : quia gaudent brevitate Moderni» ut etiam sylla- 
bain unam non necessariam non apponant gl. j. in 1. j. ff. 
quod metus causa.' He seems to refer to a gloss on the 
Digest» lib. ', tit. ii, tbe heading of which title is 'Quod 
metus causa gestum erit.'E. B. In a note in his Foorth 
(Lectori» p. 8), Harvey refers these words to 'Priscianus'. 

OE 80 Notes 

p. 17 o, 1.33 Prouide/I cloake. Mr. Charles Crawford points 
out fo me that these lines corne from Vhetstone's Rock of 
Regard, 4th Section, ' The Orchard of Repentante' (Collier's 
reprint), p. .o2. The number «66' is the number of the 
stanza in the original. The stanzas, «For credit sake', &c. 
(p. I7I , 1. IT)m'doth fall' (p. I72 , 1. x2) corne lb. p. I98. 
That beginning 'This monstrous mate' (p. I72 , 1. x 5), lb. p. 
.o6. The one headed 'P. Plasmos description of Couseners' 
(p. I7. , 1. 3 I) occurs in a section at the end of the Rock of 
Regard called 'Inventions of P. Plasmos touching his hap 
and hard fortunes'. 
p. x 7 I, I. 9 The enemy to the stomach, &c. Mr. Charles Crawford 
kindly sends me the following valuable and learned note: 
«The rebus is printed in Hannah's Poems by Sir Henry 
IIrotton, Sir IIalter Raleigk, and Others, ed. I845 , in a 
slightly altered form, and as a reply to a rebus on the naine 
of a M'. Noel, whom I identify with the court-wit, Henry 
Noel, who, according to Bacon, compared courtiers to fast- 
ing-days which are next the holy-days, ),et in themselves 
the most meagre days of the week (/lpophthegms, and used to 
illustrate passages in the De Atugmentis). Thus in Hannah :m 
"Dec. 3o: x6o2: 
Sir V. Rawl), ruade this rime upon the naine ofa gallant, one 
M'. Noel: 
« Noe L. 
«The word of deniall, and the letter of fifty 
Makes the gent[leman]'s naine, that will never be thrifty. 
"And Noel's answere. 
Raw Ly. 
«The foe to the stomacke, & the word of disgrace 
Shews the gent[leman]'s naine with the bold face." 
Introduction, p. xlix. 
« Hannah says the rebus on the naine of Noel has been 
ascribed to Raleigh hot only by Manningham in his Diary, 
from whom he quotes, through Collier, but that other authori- 
ties give it to him. It is, however, sometimes ascribed to 
Queen Elizabeth. Manningham puts the «Raw Ly" couplet 
first, and the other next, but Hannah follows Collier's ren- 
dering (Hist. Drain. Poetry, I, 336, n.). The "Raw Ly" 
lines are round in other places quoted by Hannah. 
'The saine play on Raleigh's naine occurs in another 
poem in Hannah, which is ascribed to Raleigh himself, but 
erroneously so :-- 

Notes  81 

« Water thy plants with grace devine, and hope to rive for aye ; 
Then to thy Sauiour Christe incline ; in him make steadfast 
stay : 
Rawe is the reason that doth lye within an Atheist's head, 
Wh/ch saith the soule of man doth dye, when the boddies 
S ir Wa. Raleigh." 
Poem N °. IV, p.  14, quoted from MS. Ashm., 
781, p. 6 3. 
 A]though Hannah points out the absurdity of the attribu- 
tion in this case, he forgets to strengtben his argument by con- 
necting the verses with the rebus quoted in lais Introduction.' 
p. x 73, !. I I Drants mpiring spirit. See pp. 27, 29- 
P"  73, 1.  7 Metbodus apodemica Zuingeri. Theodor Zwinger, 
author of Theatrum 15"tce. His I«thodus aIodcmica appeared 
at Basel, 577, 4 °. 
p. t 73, !.  8 Edmundi S»,'nse,'ij, Episcopi Roffênsis «eo'ctari,  578. 
The importance which this note bas for the biography of 
Spenser and the interpretation of lais Sbepheards Calcndar bas 
been pointed out by Dr. Gollancz in his paper Spenseriana" 
in the Proceeditçs of the British dcad«my, vol. III, a paper 
which I was not acquainted with when I wrote tbe earlier 
pages of this book. Sec, however, pp. 22, 23, 5 . 
P"  73, l. 2  The . Tract of Xlbert A4cier intitulcd Special 
Instructions, &c. A. Meier, Danish savant (I528-I6O3) , 
wrote Mcthodus apodcmica describcndi regione urbes et arces . . 
Hamburg,  587, &c. 
p. 73,1.29 Bourne. Sec p. 2 4. 
P-  73, !. 3 ° d mirrour for Mathematlques . . bie Robert Tanner, 
1587. A copy in the British Museum, d Mirror, &c. 
P- 74, !. 2 causes of Instance. Instance' in scholastic logic 
means a case adduced in disproof of a univeral assertion' 
(N. E. D). Here Harvey seems to sure up che facts necessary 
to be known to get the whole truth of a statement. Who 
did it? Whatdid hedo? How, when and where did he 
do it ? and what was the result ? 
p. I74,1.24 KingJames. Oneofthefewnoteswhich Harvey 
clearly added after Match, 6o 3. 
p. I74 , l. 29 EmptusEboraci, 1576. (Cf. p. 175,1.21. ) Sec p. 16. 
p. x74,1.3  y" Thowsand notable things. See p. x3 , 1. x6 n. 
p. x 75, 1.3 ttakers rules of the Ephemerides. The work is The 
Rules and . . . Documentes, touchinge thc use of thc common 


/llmanackes, which are named Ephemerides. . . The hole . . 
translated into En#lyshe by H[umphrey] Baker [1557], 8°- 
p. 175, 1. 3 Digges general prognostication. Z1 prognostication . . 
contayning rules tojudge the zveather . . corrected . . b), Thomas 
Digges, 1578, 4 °. 
p. 175 ,1. 6 Clara dies Pauli, &c. These lines are round in 
varying forms in Wright and Halliwell's Reliquiw antiqua', 
I, 93, and 1, IO ; in Carminum Prouerbialium loti communes 
(Lond., 1579) P- o5 ; in Chambers' Book of Days (Jan. sth). 
The form nearest to Harve),'s is that in ReL ant., 1, 93, 
transcribed from a Register of Spalding Abbe), : 
 Clara dies Pauli bona tempora denotat anni ; 
Si nix, vel pluvia, designat tempora chara ; 
Si fiant venti, designat prœelia genti ; 
Si fiant nebuloe, perlant animalia quoeque.' 
An English version, 
 If St. Paul be fair and clear, 
It betides a happ), ),ear,' &c., 
is given in the Book of Days and in Northall, English Folk 
Rhymes, p. 444- 
p. 175 , I. IO /l faire Candlemas, afowle Lent. Sir T. Browlae, 
IZulgar Errors, quotes 
 Si sol splendescat Maria purificante, 
Major erit glacies post festum quam fuit ante.' 
p. 175,1.12 Hrec sunt Elire, &c. I have not round elsewhere 
these dog-Latin verses on Èl),, Cambridge and Hull. Ver), 
similar ones are, however, printed in Wright and Halliwell's 
Reliqui,e antiquw, II, I78 , fiom a MS. at Trinit), Coll., 
Camb., of the 15th century. Those on London begin  Hoec 
sunt Londonus, pira pomaque, regia, thronus'. The others 
relate to York, Lincoln, Norwich, Coventry, Bristol and 
p. 175, l. 13 multum dans vinea vinum (ofEly). Dr. McKerrow 
sends me the following note: 'See Holinshed, Description 
ofBritain, Book I, Cap. xviii (ed. 1587, p. I I I a.) i  There 
used to be vines but there are no more. The Ile of Elle 
also was in the first rimes of the Normans called Le Ile des 
vignes. And good record appeereth, that the bishop there 
had ),earelie three or route tunne at the least giuela him 
nomine decimw, beside whatsoeuer ouer-summe of the liquor 
did accrue to him b), leases and other excheats, whereof also 
I have seene mention."' On the decline of vineyards in 

Notes z 83 

England, owing to the procurability of French wines, see 
Hakewill's A¢pologie (I 6Z7), p. 136. 
P" * 75, 1.33 non est vivere, sed valere vita. Mart. Ep., v, 7 o,  S- 
p. I76 , 1. I Si tibi de)qciant medici, &c. Given in Schola 
Salernitana. De Comerv. valetudine» Francof.» 1568, with 
 requies' in place of  Labor, et '. 
p. 176, 1.5 dut nunc aut nunuam. Cf. II/'orks (Grosart), Il, 55, 
6o, 309 . 
p. 176, 1.6 Hodie mihi, cras tibi. Cf. Ecclesiasticus, xxxviii, 23 : 
'rnihi heri, & tibi hodie.' Lad)r Jane Gray wrote on the wall 
of her prison, 
Non aliena putes, homini quoe obtingere possunt ; 
Sors hodierna mihi cras erit illa tibi.' 
(T. Heywood, Englands Elizabeth in Harleian Alisc., x, 3  5-) 
Perhaps her lines were based on Harvey's proverb and were 
hOt the source of it. 
p. 176, 1. 8 Quicquid agis, prudenter agas, ac respice Finem. See 
McKerrow's Nashe's II/'orks, I, 268, 29 note. The line 
(with sapienter' for prudenter') occurs iq Carmlnum 
Prouerbialium loti communes (Lond., 1579), P- 18 I. 
p. 176,1. 14 Oua recentia, &c. The couplet is from the De 
conservanda valetudine of the Schola Salernltana. It is given 
in Carminum Prouerbiallum loti communes (Lond., 1579), P- 3 °. 
p. 176, I. 16 humidum,et calidum radicale. ' Hurnidurn radicale' 
is thus defined by St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Th., b I 9, 
I. ad. 3: ad humidum radicale intelligitur pertinere toturn 
id in quo fundatur virtus speciei, quod si subtrahatur, restitui 
non potest' ; by Schtitz, Thomas-Lexicon :  Humidum radicale 
-ist die wurzelhafte oder Urfltissigkeit eines organischen 
Krpers' ; by J. P,-ideaux, Hypomnemata, p. 194 : ' Humidum 
radicale, seu primogenitum, à semine inditum, quo calor 
nativus, tanquam candela, a nutrimento pascitur.' 
p. 176,1.23 Ne quid nimis. Ter. 4nd., I, I, 34 : 'Id arbitror 
Adprime in vita esse utile ut ne quid nirnis.' 
p. 176, 1. 23 4ngli vitium, i.e. surfeiting. 
p. 176, 1. u4 Parca manus,&c. This couplet is given in Gartner's 
Proverbialia Dicteria (I57O), p. 79, and in Carminum Pro- 
uerbialiura loti ommunes (Lond.,  579), P. 94- 
p. 176, 1. 6 Trinitemls, sc. at Trinity Hall. 
p.  76, 1. 8 Principium lauda, &c. Occurs in Carminum Pro- 
uerbialium loti communes, p. 88. 
p. 176 1.3 ° I/'iue memor, quàm sis breuh ,eui. Horace, Sat. , 
6, 97, ('oevi brevis'). 

OE84 Notes 

P. 77, i. i i Lanctan. Christopher Langton, feiiow of King's 
Coilege, d. x578. He was the author of Principal Pat'tes of 
Physick,  547 ; ,4 Treatise of Urine,,  552. See p. x87, 1. 23 n. 
p. x 78, i. 5 rere (eggeO, lightly boiled. Cf. 11. 6 and 3 . 
P-78, !. 9 Doctor Gregoriu, de Memoria. See p. I85, 1. 5 n. 
P.  791. I I Fitw summa breuls, &c. Hor., Carre. I, 4, 15. 
p. 179, 1. x  Semper nocuit dirre paratis. Lucan, Phars. I, z8 I. 
p. x 79, i. 13 Nimia omnia, &c. Plaut., Poen. t, , 3 o. 
P-79, 1. 4 ç, «i rplç tri «h. Plat., Gorgia,, 498 E. 
. r. . The 8choliat says on this: oEpop[a» ç OE rpç 
c 7op, ô , «,,v «nv w««v.--E. B. 
P" 79,1" I7 Th. Smithus. Harvey when intending to take up 
the study of Civil Law wrote to Sir T. Smith for his advice 
(Letterbook, p. 62). Açter a visit to his benefactor, in which 
Sir Thomas gave him him the advice he required, he wrote 
a letter of thanks (lb. p. 168). 
p. 179, i. 32 Sueton. in Cci. Suet. , 44. 
p. 18o, 11.3, 4 Swpe rogare : . . magistrum. A. Gartner, Prover- 
bialia Dicteria (IS7O), p. 3 I, and Carminum Prouerbialium 
loci communes (Lond., 1579), P"  8 : 
'Multa rogare, rogata tenere, retenta docere, 
Hoec tria discipulum faciunt superare Magistrum.' 
p.  80, . 5 Eheu, quam breuibus ereunt ingentia «ausis ] Claudian, 
in Rufinum il, 49- Though modern editors read [bti at the 
end of the line, I see in Barth's ed. (65o) causfi is given, 
so I suppose this was in older texts.E. B. 
p. 18 , i. 5 Natura Breuium. Probably La Novvelle Natura 
breuium du ludge tresreuerende . . nthonie Fitzhcrbert, Lond., 
p. 8I, 1.6 Powltons brid5"ment (pwnal &atu#s. Ferdinando 
Puhon's ,¢n abstract  aH penal statutes, 158 , 4"- Among 
the books of Thomas Lorkin, M.D., who died May, I59 , 
at Cambridge, was Pultom dbstract (çV. M. Palmer in 
Camb. dnt. Soc. Commun. xv, p. 277 ). 
p.Si, i.I 7 Freigiiratiogeneralislogica. Cf. i. 29. Among 
Freigius' works is Logica Juriscomuhorum.. 
p. 81,1. I8 Marantw. Robertus Maranta, author of Praxfi, 
sire & ordine judiciorum tractatus, Cologne, 1598, 4 % 
p. 8I,!. 19 Bodini. Harvey claires more than once to have 

Notes OE 8 5 

been in some way commended by Jean Bodin. Cf. llorks, . 
252 , I. 23, 24: Bodine, register of Realmes happinesse, 
Which Italyes and Fraunces wonder is . . . let these [sc. 
Sidney, Bodine, Hatcher, &c.] By their sweet Letters, 
which do best vnfould Harueys deserued praise.' In the 
'Epistola' prefixed to his De republica (1586), Bodin says that 
he has heard that someone at Cambridge was attempting to 
interpret his book (ox'iginally written in French) to English- 
men. One wonders if this was Harvey. 
p. 18 I, l. 31 Francica Jurisprudentia apud tucherdlum. 
Jaques Buchereau's work is seen in Les lnstitutes [de Justiqien] 
joinctes avec la jurisprudence Franfoise . . Nagueres falot en 
Latin . . par J. 13., 1580, 8 °. 
p. x81,1.33 Couellum. John Cowell (554-6x), of King's 
College, LL.D., Regius Professor of Civil Law, 1594, 
Master of Trinity Hall, I598, author of lnstitutiones Juris 
]nglicani, x 605, and The lnterpreter, x6o 7. In the latter work 
Cowell asserted that the monarchy ofEngland was a despotism, 
and in consequence brought on himself the hostility of the 
House of Commons in 161o. See D. N. B. 
p. 181,1.33 Contarenum. Gaspa,'o Contarini, author of De 
Magistratibus et Republlca IVenetorum, Ven., 1589, 4 % (English 
translation by L. Lewkenor, 1599-) 
p. I8I, 1.34 Simlerum. Josias Simler, author of De retublica 
Helvetiorum, Tiguri, 1576, 8 ° 
p, 182, l. I nostrum Thomasium. William Thomas; see p. 124, 
l.I 7. 
p. I Su, 1. 5 14ukaster &c. Mulcaster's Positions, cap. 4 (ed. 
1888), p. uu. 1. 8 ]l.Iorning', &c. lb. cap. uo, pp. 88, 89. 
l. IO, Great and swift, &c. lb. cap. 3 o, p. III. 1. 12, He 
tbat eatith, &c. ib, cap. 3 o, p. 113. Cf. Harvey, IIorks 
(Grosart) 1,, _9 o, 9  : ' For a polished, and garnished stile 
• . how few may wage comparison with . . Mulcaster ?' 
p. 183, 1.4 Iajor enim l'¢ledgs gratia rebus incst. Maximianus 
Etruscus, Elegiee, I, 8u.E. 13. 
p. 183»1. 12 Suetoniusjn Ceesare. Suet. ,, 43- 
p. 183, 11. , 7-19 Princeps Erasmi, Patriti, . . Osorij, Heresbachij, 
• . llIachiauelli., l"olaterrani. See notes on p. 149, ll. 12, 13" 
p. 183, 1. 17 Princeps . . Eliotw. Sir Thomas Eliot's (or Elyot's) 
Boke of Tbe Governor appeared in 153 - 
p. 183, I. 18 Princeps . . Sturm 9. Ascham in the Scholemaster 
(ed. Mayor, p. 35), refers to ' that learned treatise which my 


frende Joan. Sturmius wrote de imtitutione Principis, to the 
Duke of Cleves,' i.e., De Educatione Principum . . Argent., 
p. 183,1.21 Quamquam te l|larce flli. Cic. de Off I, ad init. 
p. 183, I. x2 Batte miflli, flli mi Barre. I have hOt traced the 
schoolbook from which this comes. 
p. 184, I. 3 ° llexander J. C. Perhaps Alexander Tartagnus 
Imolensis or Alexander Socinus Senensis. In a note in his 
Hopperus, p. 447, Harvey recommends to the lawyer: 
' Uterque Immola, Joannes, et Alexander.' 
p.  84, 1. 31 klali, metupoenw, &c. Cf. Hot. Ep. I, xvi, 5 x, 53 : 
Oderunt peccare boni virtutis amore; Tu nihil admittes 
in te formidine noe.' 
p-  85,1.  The naturalvse. Mulcaster, Positions (ed.  888), p.  3- 
p. 85, l.  accloy, to overwhelm with superfluity. 
p. 85, I. 5 Gregorius in drte mirabili. See Harvey, lIrks, Il. 
95 ; 'Doctor Gregories drs «Iirabilis'; Petrus Gregorius 
(Tholosanus), author of Syntaxewn artis mirabilis [tomus, &c.], 
in quo omnium scientiarum et artium tradita est epitome, Lugd, 
158 , &c. In l. I, cap. n, Gregorius speaks of Memoff in 
some striking phres. CE p.  78, I. IO. 
p. 185,1. Il Galenus. Harvey seems to refer to a passing 
reference of Galen in his work De Dren. Pulsuum, lib. , 
cap. iv. He is aring against Archigenes de primis pul- 
suum generibus, quœe ipse appellat qualitates'. He says, 
' Multo certe proestaret aliquam apponere., rationem sucien- 
rem sermoni de octo qualitatibus, vt ne quis initio statim, 
quasi in Moysi[s], & Christi scholam impingat, leges audiat 
nulla constitut demonstratione' (Tv«  r¢ bOb¢ 
up«ç ç ç blwv«o al Xpt«ro cmrptlv 
vpv avaoetrv 
p. 85, l.  I Lib I Codici, Titulu I. The first title of the 
first boek of Justinian's Codex,  revised 534 a.v., is headed 
' De una deitate & trinitate . . de poenis hereticorum.' This 
title is dated 3 Kal Mart. 38o A.v. 
p. i85,1. 19 Petri Fithili. Sec p. 91, 1. 24 n. 
p. 186,1. 17 Obelyscolychnion, perhaps used by Harvey m'an 
instrument to serve two purposes', a jack of all trades'. 
Aristotle uses it (Pol. v (or v0, cap. 15)" 
o,v (translated by XVelldon  it is neces=ff to constitute 
the oces on the principle of spit-candlesticks'). 

Notes  8 7 

p. 186, !. 17 1 luribus jntemus, minor est ad singula semus. In the 
form  Pluribus intentus ', &c., the proverb is given by Garmer, 
Prov. Dicteria (157o), p. 86, in Carminum prouerbialium, &c. 
P. 45, and is quoted by Harvey, ItVorks, I. 68. 
p. I86, 1.19 udiuiswpe P. Bayronem. Quoted from Gribaldus, 
De Methodo, &c. [see next note] lib. t. cap. tt. P. Bayro 
(I468-* 558), a celebrated physician. 
p. 86, l. 2 Gribaldus. Matt. Gribaldus, died 1564, author 
of De kIethodo ac ratione studendi in Jure civili, Lyons, 1544. 
p. 86, 1. 6 I. Gardiner. Cf. p. 185, 1. . John Gardiner, 
B.C.L. I575/6, D.C.L. 1583. 
p. I86, i. 6 Thurgood. There were several men of this naine 
at Cambridge in Harvey's time. Harvey's man may be 
Bennett Thorogood, B.C.L. I583, who was probably a 
Trinity Hall man. 
p. I86,1. 6 Spite. Tho. Spight, B.A. 1569/7o (Peterhouse), 
M.A. 1573. 
p. 186, l. 6 Robert Harvq. One of this naine was B.A. 
STOl (Christ's), another, B.A. 58/3 (Christ's), M.A. 
1586, a third, B.C.L. 583 (? Trinity Hall). One ofthese 
was probably the man who assisted Gabriel in 594 (sec 
p. 68, up.) : but the man in the present passage was probably 
a lawyer, not a clergyman. 
p. 86, 1. 8 Prcipit Plato NotGv n. Plato L% vu, 847a : 
p. 87,1. e Re age qu prount: ruru vitare memento» &c. 
Dionysius Cato, Ditic»a IV, 7- 
p. I87, l. ce Mulcater comenditb» &c. Mulcaster (Positions, 
cap. 3o: ed. I888, p. 3) says that healthy young men 
have  stronge and drie bodyes'. 
pp. I87, ll. ŒE3, e4 Lancton, &c. Harveg is quoting from Chr. 
Langton (sec p. 77, l.  n) n Introduction into p@sicke 
(?549), bk. . cap. xv. Similiarly p. 76 l. 3-p. I77 , 1. 6 
is taken from thesame work bk. u. cap. ix: p. 77,11.9-I 
from bk. . cap. iii; p. 77, 1. 3o-p. 78, l. 8 (except 
ll. 5, 6 hard . . weake,' which are from bk. I. cap. ix.) 
from bk. . cap. xi; p. 78. I1. -e from bk. . cap. xii; 
p. 78 ll. e-34 from bk. . cap. xv p. 79 ll. -8 ri-oto 
bk. . cap. xvi. 
p. I87, l. 5 Looue me Litle» and Looue me Longe. Quoted as an 
'oide Proverbe' in Hall's Cbronicle, a.  548 (N. E. D.). 


p. I88, 1.6 Play with me, &c. I am indebted for the following 
note to Mr. Charles Crawford: 'Harvey is quoting this 
proverb direct from Sir John Harington's Orlando Furioso, 
note to Book xu, and he has tacked on to the saying the 
remark, slightly varied, used by Harington, who says : "that 
excellent rule of civilitie is evermore to be kept: 
Play with me and hurt me not, 
Jest with me and shame me not." 
' Harington quotes the proverb in the saine form in his 
A,letamorlhosis ofAjax ; but Puttenham, when using it, puts 
it thus : 
" Jape with me but hurt me hot, 
Bourde with me but shame me hOt." 
Artc of Eng. Poesie, p. 26I (Arber). 
' In the AnatooEv oJ lIdancholy, Part 1, Sec. 2, Mem. 4 
(p. 224 of Routledge's ed.) Burton has the saying exactly as 
in Harington.' 
p. I88, i. I2 J. Foorth. On the Title page Harvey bas made 
this note : « Misi huius Politicoe Synopsis exemplar, clarissimo 
philosopho, et Jureconsulto, Joanni Thomoe Freigio Altorf- 
ianoe Noribergensium Academioe Rectori vltimo Septembris 
p. 188|.22 8unday wordcs: " 8atterday tbcarc. Cf. lf"orks, 
u, uu 9" 'to disgrace her Sonday bonet with her Satterday 
p. 189, !. I babyfied. The word is hot in the N. E. D. 
p. 189, I. 7 instar . . torrentis. Cf. p. I 1 9' l. 1 2. 
p. 189, 1. 17 that schoolish arguing of Ç,neas to Pyrrhus. In the 
presence of the Roman Fabricius, Cineas, Pyrrhus' adviser, 
discoursed on the principles of the Epicureans who abandoned 
politics as a hindrance to blessedness. Fabricius broke in, 
«By Hercules, may these principles be cherished by Pyrrhus 
while he is at war with us.' (Plutarch, Pyrrhus, xx.) 
p. 189,1.26 as he profeued to my L. Gray of ll/ilton. In Gascoigne's 
letter prefixed to The Steele Glas : I bave loytred (my lorde) 
I confesse, I bave lien streaking me (like a lubber) when the 
sunne did shin% and now I strive al in vaine to loade the 
carte when it raineth. I regarded not my comelyness in the 
Maymoone of my youth . .' 
p. 19 o, l. 4 defalced, subtracted. The only example ofthis form 
of defalk in the N. E. D. is from Fuller, 165 I. 
p. 19o , 1.6 Mr. Archemtall of Ely. A pedigree of Arkenstall, 

Notes OE8 9 

including a Thomas A. of Ely (living in ,619) , is given in 
the Visitation of Cambridgeshire, x6 9. See Harleian 8oc. 
Publications, 41 . 
p. 19 O, !. I 1 8yr James Croft. See pp. 3 -34 and D. N. B. 
p. 19 o, l. 2 M. Prwston. Thomas Preston, Master of Trinity 
Hall, 1583r-98. See D. N. B. 
p. 19 o,ll. 2x-28 Earle . . an/lgent. Perhaps William Herle, 
whose letters to W'alsingham and 13urghley fi'om the Low 
Countries will be round in the CaL of State Paliers , Foreign 
Series, 158 , 1582. On p. 526, one Gilpin informs Valsing- 
ham that 'M r. W'illiam Earle says himself tobe left here 
(at Antwerp) as agent for the Earl of Leicester'. The 
following Calendar, ' May-Dec., i 582,' shows Herle leaving 
for England on 13 Oct. He is probably the 'Herle' who 
with Rola»d Yorke accompanied Gascoigne to Holland in 
March, 157213 . Sec Gascoigne's [/'oyage into Hollande. 
p. 9 i, !.6 looue will creele , where it tan hot goe. The proverb 
occurs in ll/ily Beguikd (ed. Malone Society, l. 2445)- Cf. 
Shaks., Two Gent., tv. 2. 9 : 'you know that love Will creep 
in service wlnere it cannot go,' and R. Junius (Young), The 
Drunkards Character (638), p. 52: 'It being as true of 
malice, as it is of love, that it will creepe, where it cannot goe' 
(quoted by Mr. G. Thorn Drury in N.  Q., 2 Aug. 913). 
p. 19 , 1.70wM Doctor Kenoll of Oxford. Probably John 
Kennall, D.C.L. 553, Archdeacon of Oxford from 
to his death at Exeter, where he was Canon Residentiary, in 
59'. Wood's Xthenee, I. 693, 7 o8, 755- Cf. IForks, . 9 ° : 
'to liue Doctor Pernes or Doctor Kenols yeares.' 
p. 19 , I. 8 Doctor Humfry. Probably Laurence Humphrey, 
President of Magdalen College, Oxford, I56, ; Dean of 
Gloucester, x57o; Dean of Winchester, ,58o. He died 
 Feb., 589 (Wood's Xthenev). Cf. Iorks, I. x57: 
"Doctour Humfry, of Oxford, and Doctour Fulke, of Cam- 
bridge, two of [the Puritans'] standard-bearers a long time, 
grew conformable in the end.' 
p. I9I , 1.20 Hnorable autority, 
IP'ith gent Curtesy. 
Isocrates diffcult mixture. 
Isocrates 2 ('Ad Nicoclem'), 2x-3¢: 
« «uvJç" rb/v 7p 
¢vvov¢ff«ç pl6vre, \«),errer«for  roîrro r[vrov ar rîov 
rcpo«r«'ladrov.E. B. 

OE 9 ° 1rotes 

p. i9I , 1.23 multos ubique esse Placentinos, &c. A play on the 
names of Placentia (Piacenza), Laus (Lodi), Verona (Verona), 
and Bononia (Bologna). 
p. I9x,1.34 Dcus, aut LulUS. An allusion to the proverbs, 
 Homo homini deus', « Homo homini lupus', used by Harvey 
in two succeeding lines in his Lettcrbook, f. xo b. 
p. x92, 1.5 I'incenti gloria victi. These words appear as an 
Emblem' at the end of the August eclogue of Spenser's 
Shep. CaL 
p.  92, l. 6 quoth Salomon. Prov. xx,. x3, xxw. 3" 
p. 192, 1.8 as Grimany notid . . in tbe Senate bowse at l"enice. 
Ant. Grimani was doge I52-23, and Marino Grimani 
p. 192, 1. I 2 he tbat is'ayd of eucry startin. grasse, may hot 
walke in a meddow. Camden's Remaim : « He that is affraid 
of every grass, must hot pass in a meadow.' 
p.  92, 1.22 Signor Tt«co ofFlorcnce. I bave hot traced this story. 
p. 193,1.3 Ficisti Crucifixe. Perhaps Harvey's variant of the 
words attributed to the Emperor Julian, ' Vicisti Galilæe'. 
P- 93,1.9 prest, ready for action. 
p. I93 , 1.29 M, rcuries timcly dcxtcrity. Cf. Hot. Carre. I. o, 
I I : viduus pharetra Risit Apol]o.' 
p. 194 ,1. 7 Hoby. A hobby' was at this time generally an 
Irish pony. See N. E. D. 
P" 94,1" 24  Cbronico Carionis. A chronicle bearing the 
naine of Carion, but really written by Melanchthon, and 
published in the German language, 532, was afterwards 
translated into Latin, and became the popular manual of 
uni,,ersal history', Hallam (following Bayle and Eichhorn), 
Lit. of Europe, I. 476. On the title page of his Gassarus 
Harvey writes that Gassarus' Etitome Chronlcorum Mundi 
was published aliquant6 post Lutheri seriem annorum 
Mundi" et aliquant6 ante Carionis Chronicorum libros 
tres, quos deinde Melanctho Peucerusque absoluerunt'. 
p. 94,1.24 Coopero. On the title page of his Gassarus, 
Harvey mentions among some other histories  Chronicon 
Carionis Philippicum et Chronicon . Languetti cure 
Coopero : Chytroeum '. Thos. Cooper (I 517 ?-I 594), Bishop 
of çVinchester, continued Languet's Chronicle of tbe lt'orM 
to the year 1547, and published his work in 549- It 
appeared, with additions, as Cool,'r's Cbronicle, in 1560 and 

Notes OE 9  

p. 194 , 1.26-I95.1.5 Cf. IVorks, II, 78 : ' Homer not such an 
author for Alexander: nor Xenophon for Scipio . .. : nor 
Coesar for Selymus: nor Philip de Comines for Charles the 
P- 194, 1.26 Xenophontk pedia Cyri, 8cipioni dfricano familiark. 
' Cf. Cic. ad Quint. Fratr., 1. i, 8, 23: 'Cyrus ille a Xeno- 
phonte non ad historioe (idem scriptus, sed ad effigiem iusti 
imperii, . . . (quos quidem libros non sine causa noster ille 
Africanus de manibus ponere non solebat . .)--E. B. 
p. 194 , l. 27 Curtius. Q. Curtius Rufus, author of De rebus 
gestk dlexandri Magni, lived, according to some critics, in the 
age of Vespasian, to others in that of Constantine. Harvey 
merely means that Alexander's achievements were envied by 
Coesar. Cf. p. 206, 1.3 I 
p. I94,1.32 mi/itia C, esaris, a P. Ramo i//ustrata. P. Raml 
Liber de Cwsaris Mi/itia, Parisiis, I559, 8 °. An edition of 
1584 has a preface by J. T. Freigius. 
p. 195, I. 1 res Turcicw a Jouio . . descriptee. Turcicarum rerum 
Commentarius P. Jouii, ex Italico Latinus factus, Vitebergoe, 
1537, 8°. 
p. I95,1.2 ex Elogijs be/licis. Paulus Jovius, E/ogia virorum 
bel/ica virtute i//ustrium, Florentioe, 155 I. 
p. 195,1. 4 Comin,eus. Ph. de Commines. Seep. 94,1 26n. 
p. 195 , 1. 14 Chrono/ogia A[er«atoris et Geographia. Gerardus 
Mercator's works include Chrono/ogia, hoc est, temporum 
demonstratio ab initio lIund;, Col. Ag. 1569, fo., and dt/as 
siue cosmographie meditationcs de fabrica mundi, Dusseldorpii, 
 595 (posthumous). 
p. 195, 1.17 Frdgius, &c. Harvey originally wrote ' Freigius et 
Mynsyngerus', and then added 'Speculator'. 
p. 195, I. 17 AIymyngerus. Joach. Mynsinger, author of 
dpotelesma, sire corlSus perfectum scholiorunt ad quatuor libros 
Imtitutionum Juris Civilis, 1563, fo. 
D" 195, l. 19 Ramo. Ramus wrote Gommentariorum de rcligione 
Christiana libri quatuor, Francofi, 1577, 8 °. 
p. 195 , 1.20 Manlio. Probably Harvey refers to the work 
Locorum Communium Collectanea. /t Joanne lIanlio per multos 
annos, tùm ex Lectionibus D. Philippi Melanchthonis, tutu ex 
aliorum . . relationibus excerpta. . iamue . . recognita.. 
Franco ad M., 1568 , 8 °. 
p. 195,1.21 Brightus. Timothy Bright's Hygieina, London 
[18I], Frankfurt, 1588- 9. 


p. i95,1. 2I ye Castell, and Hope of Health. Sir Thos. Elyot's 
Castel ofHelth appeared in 1534, 1539, C. Possibly, how- 
ever, Harvey is referring to some later medical work. 
p. 195,1.22 Halles Afnatomy. John Hall (15297-15667): Af 
v,ry frutefull and n,c,uary briefe work, of Afnatomie (appended 
to Hall's translation of Lanfranc's Chicurgia Parva, 1565). 
See D. N. B. 
p. 195,1.24 Recordi. Rob. Record, author of The ground of 
artes teachying the worke and practfie of Afrithmetike. Lond., 
I 543, 8°- 
p. 195 , 1. 31 quo melius, eh pejus ; as Diogenes amwerid on . . . 
Diogenes Laertius, vI, 2, 46: 
Erasmus, Afpophth., IIi, 84: 'Alteri cuidam adolescenti, 
lusum quendam amatorium eleganter in balneis exhibenti, 
quod Groeci vocant orrat/t,, , Diogenes; "Quo melius, 
inquit, hoc deterius."' Lyly's Campaspe, v, t, 3- (From H. de 
Vocht's Invloed van Erasmus, , p. :zoI.) 
p. I95,1.3 Res age, quwprosunt. See p. I87, 1. un. 
p. I96,1.32 vtiforo. See p. uoI, 1. 7 n. 
p. 197, 1.7 underly, submit to. Cf. Harvey, lI/'orks, l. 22o bot. 
p. x 97,1. I 1 accomplements, accomplishments. The N. E. D.'s 
examples of the form run from I587 to I642. 
p. 197,1. 14 The Queen ofherself I have hot found Harvey's 
source for this speech. 
p. I97 , 1.3 Fiuimusin Smithi Rep... phantasticus. Cf. Sir T. 
Smith's own words, De RepubL Afnglorum (I583) ad fin : ' I 
bave declared summarily as it were in a chart or mappe, or as 
Afristotle termeth it tbç/:v rn'o,, the forme and manner of the 
governement of Englande, and the policie thereof., not in 
that sort as Plato ruade his common wealth, or Zenophon his 
kingdome of Persia, nor as Syr Thomas AIore his Utopia, 
being feigned common wealths, such as never was nor never 
shall be, vaine imaginations, phantasies of Philosophers to 
occupie the time and to exercise their wittes.' 
p. 198, 1.2o Redde rationem villicationis tuw. S. Luke, xv, :z. 
p. I98 , 1.24 Epictetus . . cap. 17. In the Enchiidion, cap. 17, 
ed. Schr6der, Delft. 17u3, the Latin translation runs : ' neque 
vero ei [sc. puero] tam bene sit ut tuarum perturbationum 
habeat ille potestatem.' 
p. I98 , 1. :z 7 No state, whereto thou maùt aspire 
Can make the worthy Ceesars Ire. 

Notes OE 93 

A translation of Lucan III, 136 , i37 : 'Dignum te Coesaris 
ira Nullus honos faciet.'--E. B. 
P. 99, 1.3 ,4ngelus furius. The words 'in ail Italy' would 
suggest that Harvey's Angelus Furius was hOt a mere 
abstract ideal. I still think that he was. See p. 88, 1. 3I n. 
P- 99, 1. 3o stoouer, properly, fodder, provision. 
p. 2o% 1. I o Quotidie duplica rires, &c. Harvey's own verses ? 
p. 200, 1.29 reDeal , revoke. CL Faerie Queene, v, 7, 21. 
p. 2Ol, 1. IO philosophus, sc. Heraclitus. 
p. 2o 1, 1.11 illi, sc. Aristotle. 
p. 2Ol, 1. 14 l/'alla. Probably Georgius Valla, whose work De 
physicis quwstionibus appeared at Strassburg in t53o (?), 16 °. 
p. 2o 1, 1.  4 Cardanus. H. Cardanus, De rerum varietate . cap. 2, 
«Elementa': CEsse autem tria perspicuum est: terrain . . 
aerem., aquam.' 
p. 2o1,1. 15 Scribonius. Gui. Adolph. Scribonius, author of 
Rerum Dhysicarun . methodica exDlicatio , Francof., 1577, 
8 °, &c. Timothy Bright, In Physicam G. /I. Scribonii, 
Cantab. (584), p. Ol, quotes Scribonius as saying that the 
highest region of the air being the hottest, dry, and more 
luminous «ex consuetudine tantùm ignis nomine fuit dicta: 
vnde deinceps alij errore decepti proprium ex hoc aere 
elementum fecerunt'. 
p. 2o I, l. 2o Don Diego . . whilest he continuedjn Jngland. « Don 
Diego' is used by Nashe as a term for a Spaniard, and again 
as a mere term of abuse, as McKerrow shows. Here it 
would seem to designate a particular person, but possibly hot 
the man referred to in Nashe's letter to Cotton. (lIForks, 
Introd., Appendix D.) 
p. 2Ol, l. 2I Cure fu«ris alibi, viuito more Loci. In Gartner, 
Dkt. Prov., p. 65 , and in Carre. Prov., p. 4x we bave the 
couplet : 
«Si fueris Romoe, Romano vivito more, 
Si fueris alibi viuito sicut ibi.' 
p. 2o I, 1. 23 Iachiauellus fwlicem definit . . The Prince, xxv 
(t68o, p. 233): 'I believe again that Prince may be happy, 
whose ma,mer of proceeding concerts with the times, and 
he unhappy who ca,mot accommodate to them.' Cf. Dis- 
courses on Livy, III, 9" Cf. Harvey, II/orks, 11, 299: 'to 
Temporise . . according to Macchiauels grounde of fortunate 
successe in the world.' 
p. 2ol, l. 27 foro uti, choro uti. The proverb ' uti foro' is given 

OE 94 Notes 

in Erasmus'/ldagia, chap. 1, cent *, xcii as meaning 'take 
advantage of your opportunitics.' CI: Ter. Phormio, , 2, z 9 : 
'Scisti uti foro.' 
p. 2o2, !. I Demosth. de Corona. Dem. de Cor., 319, 28o" ïrrt 
" ov 6 )kdToç roî poropoç, A«kh,»h rquov, ob" 
p. 202, 1.3 Regi ad exemplum, totu conponitur orbi. Claudian, 
vnI. (De llç Gons. Honor.) 299"  componitur orbis Regis ad 
p. 2o2,1.5 quorum ruelle dukior fluebat oratio. Cf. p. I I9, 
11. 14-17. 
p. 2o2, I.  2 Parcus vescendo, &c. By Harvey ? 
p. 2o2,1.32 ly Lord Treasurer, sc. Burleigh. 
p. 2o3, I.  Xenophons noble Horse. Xenophon bas a treatise 
p. 20» ]. I0 ]. T. rdZu. Tht Hrvey h some personl 
reldons whh Yrciius is shown by his note qoCe p. 
l. I I n. Harvey refers to the Iosaicus in his IForks, 
p. 2o4,1.2 Gakno. Seep. 2o9,1. I5 n. 
p. 2o4, I. 2 BaMuinus. Fr. Balduinus (x 5zo-73), De Imtltutione 
bistori¢ vnivers¢, et dus cure iurisprudentia coniunctione (Paris, 
I56X, 4), p. 99: 'Valeat Simplicius ille, Aristotelis anti- 
quus interpres, qui cùm non intelligeret, quod noster Moses 
narrat de creatione mundi, Solis, lucisque, olim furiosè excla- 
mauit, fabulosam esse narrationem, & ex fabulis gyptijs 
tractam atque repetitam . . ait, vOt)v 7,a 
ùrb bOwv AiŒorruOv tv«ldvuv. . . Valeat etiam Galenus, 
qui, quod religios6 Moses narrat de creatione hominis, fasti- 
diosè respuit, improbè cauillatus Mosis (vt pro sua medica 
sapientia loquitur) B«rp]3, d,« ,«6«ro,. Atqui 
Plato & alij cordati Philosophi, cùm discere vellent rerum 
conditarum principia, non alium sibi doctorem vel magistrum 
delegerunt quàm Mosem, cuius narrationem legebant in 
libris Mercurij Trismegisti gyptij.' 
p. 2o4, I. 8 Brocardus de Prophetia. Brocardo (Giacopo)" J. 
Brocardi libri duo " alter ad Cbristianos de propbetia qu¢ nunc 
comktur . . alter ad Hebros, Lugd. Bat., I58 , 8% See 
p. 2I,l. x 9. 
P. 2°4, I" x7 Semnothel. Used for Druids' in Arist. Fr. 3 o 
(Liddell and Scott). 
p. 204,1.29 Ietellus in . . Commentario de Hispanorum Naui- 

Notes OE 9  

gatione. Perhaps J. Metalius Metellus (Jean Matal), author of 
Insularium, 16o l. He wrote prcfaces to Osorius' works, De 
rebus Emanuelis regis Lusitani,.e, 1574, and De regis institutione, 
1572. Another Metellus, Scipione Metello, edited C. Bartoli's 
Discorsi historici universali, 1582, 4"- 
p. 2o4, l. 32 Fita Mosis a Pbilone Jud,.eo . extressa. Philo 
Jud:eus, De vita Mosis libri 111, Paris, 1.554, 8". 
p. 2o5, I, 18 Disegno di Fiorauanti. L. Fiorauanti, Dello 8pecchio 
. cap. 17, says that through the study of the scriptures he 
bas discovered how to make ships incapable of being wrecked, 
Noah having mode the ark in the saine manner. 
p. 205, l. 21 Dionysius. In renaissance writers Dionysus frequently 
figures as 'Dionysius'. See (e.g.) Marsilius Ficinus, Opera 
(Basil., 1576), I, p. 615: 'Primum . . fitrorem Veneri, 
alterum musis, tertium Dionysio, postremum Apollini . . 
Socrates tribuit,' and lb. p. 927 . 
p. 206, l. 9 )lethodius. Probably Harvey means the author of 
Revelationes de rebus qu,'e ab initia mundi contigerunt, &c., first 
publ. at Augsburg belote 1496 and attributed to St. Methodius 
of Patara. See Biog. Glnlrale. 
p. 2o6,1. o Paulus Diaconus. Properly Paulus ,Varnefridus, 
Diaconus, author of Historia Longobardorum and De gestis 
Romanorum. He lived from c. 73 °to c. 796 a.». 
p. 206, l. Io Jornandes. Author of Liber de origine rebusque 
Gothorum, printed in 153  in Procopius De rebus Gothorum, 
and again as Jornandes «le Getarum sire Gothorum origine, 
Lugd. Bat., I597, 8". 
p. 2o6, I  Olaus rnagnus. Author of De gentibus 8qtentrionalibus, 
Rame, I555. An Italian translation Historia delle Genti . . 
settentrionali appeared at Venice in 1565. O. M. died in 
p. 206, I. 24 ltse hastis Teu«ros, &c. Virg. tien., I, 625. 
p. 206, 1.28 (Dida) Tyria r«g;t vrbe profecta, G«rrnanum fugi«m. 
Virg./len., I, 340- 
p. .o6,1.28 portantur avari, &c. Virg./len., I, 363 . 
p. 2o6, l. 3 x Cesar, /llexandri ,.ernulatiane inflamrnatu. Plut. 
Cemr, xi ; Dion Cassius, 37, 52  Suet., I, 7 : ' [julius Coesar] 
cum . . Gades . . venisset, animadversa . . Magni Alexandri 
imagine ingemuit et quasi pertoesus ignaviam suam, quod 
nihil dura a se memorabile actum esset in oetate, qua iam 
Alexander orbem terrarum sub%,sset. 
p. 2o6, 1.33 nauum semper bellum exaptam, ubi virtus eius enitescere 


po,ut. Sali., Car., 54" (Coesar) 'sibi . bellum novum 
exoptabat, ubi virtus enitescere posset.'--W. C. S. 
p. 207, ll. 7-9 I ha,'e not round Harvey's authority for this 
p. 207 l. 2o Seuero lmtseratori , Quatuor summi /luctores. According 
to Aelius Lampridius" lire of Severus, cap. 29, in the Historia 
/lugusta, Severus had statues of Apollonius, Christ, Abraham 
and Orpheus in his private chapel among the deified Emperors, 
whom he worshipped every morning. (Harvey bas' Hercules" 
for ' Apollonius'.) 
p. 207, l. 3 ° Paulus, tuba Cbrhti. J.C. Scaliger in his Divi 
addresses S. Paul as 'O tuba plena Deo' (Poematia, 546, 
P- 59, Poemata, 6oo, Part f, p. 3).--E. B. 
p. 207, l. 32 "x[r,ç . . . la)*wr« "*«¢«. Epis. to tbe Galat., v, 6. 
p. 208, i. 8 plerophoria, full conviction. A New Testament word 
found in I E D. Thes. I, 5, Ep. CoL , 2, Ets. Heb. Vl, I I, .C. 
p. 208, 1. 16 /looTa , in oratione sua, &c. Cf. H. C. Agrippa, 
Oratio I. (Otsera , Lugd., ,6oo, Pars posterior, p. 405)" 
'Le#mus apud Mosem . . Abrahamum . . mortua vxore sua 
Sara, plures ex pellicibus filios suscepisse" Inter quos, nus 
erat nomine Mydan. Is genuit filium Enoch nomine qui 
ob interpretandi scientiam . . appeIlatus est Hermes siue 
Mercurius... Is itaque noster est Hermes, qui apud Hebrœeos 
Enoch vocatus, Abrahoe ex Mydan filio nepos. Cuius rei . . 
testis est autorque peregrinus, Rab Abraham Auenazre in 
volumine suo astrologico.' Agrippa quotes Lactantius, and 
proceeds" ' Hic itaque Mercurius noster., in tanta hominum 
veneratione habitus est, vt post Osyridem ab Aegyptiis tex 
p. 208, 1.28 Baculus Jacob. Jacob's staff, an instrument used 
in taking the altitude of the sun. 
p. 209, 1.4- Libro 4. Galfredl lonumettnsis. The reference 
seems to be to Book ri, cap. 19- 
p. 2o9,1. IO J"ira.. Plinio, I/igilia. See p. 9 , l. 28 n. 
p. 209, l. 15 Io$il . . meminerunt Galenus, et Plinius. .According 
to the Biog. Générale (I857), Galen 'eut peu de rapports 
avec les Chrétiens ; cependant dans le fragment conservé d' un 
de ses ouvrages perdus, et cit par . . Abu-l-Faraj il parle de 
ce secte., il cite aussi et combat Moise au sujet de l' omnipo- 
tence de Dieu'. Pliny, N. H. xxx, I I " 'Est et alia magices 
factio a Mose et Janne et Lotape ac Iudoeis pendens, sed 
multis milibus annorum post Zoroastrem.' 

Notes 97 

p. 2o9,1. 7 Rufini. The catalogue of the British Museum 
doubtfully (like Harvey) attributes to Licinius Rufinus a 
work Mosaycarum et Romanarum legum collatio. It bas no 
copy of earlier date than I656. 
p. zo9,1.2I Dukius ex iiso fonte bibantur aqum. Ovid, Pont., 
5, 18 : Gratius ex' &c. 
p. 209, 1. 32 Imossibi, &c. Machiavelli held the saine opinion. 
Cf. Discorsi xi. Cf. Harvey's Iorks, , u9 u :  there is no 
Kingdome, or Commonwealth vpon Earth so prophane, 
or barbarous, but either in conscience is, or in Pollicy 
seemeth, religious, or cannot poesibly maintaine any durable 
p. 2 z o, 1.  5 os esti Lux Mundi, et Sal terroe. St. Matth., v, t 4 
and 3 (combined). 
p. 2Io, 1.2o item Pythagoras, si Laertio credimus. Diogenes 
Laertius, vt, " çl  A««;«poc 
p. 2o» 1.35 Mortui non mordent, o 
Erasmus, dag., ch. m, cent. v, 4 
p.   , !. 3 Michaelis . . Diutatio de Corpore Iosis. St. Iu&, 9. 
p. u**,[.8 Moyen, &c. Hakewill's pologie (6z7) , p. x49: 
Trebellius Pollio in his booke to Constantius thus writeth, 
Doctissimi Mathematicorum centum viginti annoe homini 
ad vivendum datos judicant, . . illud etiam adjicientes, Mosen 
ipsum, (vt Judoeorum libri testantur) . . viginti quinque ac 
centum annos vixiss% qui cure interitum hunc vt immutatum 
fort quereretur» ferunt illi ab incerto Numine responsum 
neminem deinceps amplius esse victurum.' 
p. z , 1. o t Simeon, &c. A table agnationis & cognationis 
Domini nostri IESV CHRISTI,' inserted in J. Manlius" 
Locorum Communium collectanea ( $68), p. 72o, includes' Simon 
episcopus Hierosolymitanorum, post Iacobum, anno oetatis 
suoe , 2o interfectu% tempore Traiani.' According to Smith's 
Dict. the Bible, the statement is ruade by  Hegesippus ap. 
Euseb. H. E., m, 3 u'. 
p.  I , 1. x 2 & Galeno. Smith's Dkt. ( Gk. and Rom. Biograhy 
quotes various accounts of the age attained by Galen, but 
none agrees with Harvey's statement. 
p. z . 1. 4 Thomoe Rauennath. I have not traced his Liber 
de lita . . prod,«enda. The author may be Petrus Tommai 
Ravennas, author nf rti5ciosa memoria, Cologne, I So6 (called 

298 Nom 

in his Opuscula, 1508, 'Ars memorativa'). As this man, how- 
ever, calls himself «Pctrus Ravennas', Harvey's Thomas fs 
more probably a different writer. 
p. 21 I, 1. 18 HeresbachI" Jurisprudentia Christiana. See p. 149, 
1. 3 n. 
p. 2I ,1. 2o Duareni Pontificia Mcthdus. Perhaps, Duarenus, 
Franciscus : De sacris Ecclesiee ministeriis . . libri viii. Item pro 
libertate Ecclcsiee Gallic,e adversus Romanam aulam Dcf«nsio 
opus., auctum. Parisiis, 1.564, 8 °. 
p. 21 I, 1.2o/lcontij Strategemata Sathanica. Acontius (Jacobus), 
Strategematum Satanw lib. octo. Basil., 565, 2 °. 
p. 2  , 1.28 His [sc. Blagrave's]familiar Staff. Baculum famil- 
llare Catholicon, sire Generale. t Booke of the making and vse 
ofa Staffê ncwly inuented. London, 159 o, 4 °. 
p. 2  , !. 3  M. Digg,.s. E. Worsop, Dis«overie of.. errours 
(582), sig. Ki: 'Ye haue heard of M. Thomas Digges . . 
AIl surueiors are greatly beholding vnto him, for setting forth 
three bookes of Geometrie, in which hee learnedly teacheth 
Geometricall measurings. For the part anathematicall ail 
good surueiors owe vnto him great reuerence, because he is 
a lanthorne vnto them, aswel in the speculation, as the prac- 
aise. He and M. Leonard Digges lais father haue bin the first, 
and chiefest that haue giuen light, and tast of this necessarie 
part of surueie in our vulgar tongue." 
p. 22,1.  Gauricus. Lucas Gauricus, Bishop of Civitate, 
author of Tractatus ./lstrologieus, Rome, 552, and other 
astrological works. 
p. 22,11. -3 Humfrie Cole . Jon Ro.nolds , Jan. Read. Cf. 
p. 6 7. E. XVorsop's Discoverie of.. errours, 582, contains 
'An aduertisement to the Reader' which begins as follows. 
'Scales, compasses, and sundry sorts of Geometricall instru- 
ments in metall, are to be had in the bouse of Humfrey 
Cole, neere vnto the North dore of Paules, . . : in wood, at 
John Reades in Hosier Lane,.. and at John Reynolds at 
Tower Hill.' 
p. 2  2,1.2 III. Lucar. Cyprian Lucar : .,'/ Treatise named 
Lucarsolacedevidedintofovver bookes,  59 °: P- I o.' Geometricall 
tables with their feete, frames, rulers, compasses, and squires 
are ruade and sold by Iohn Ret, nolds, dwelling right against 
the southeast end of Barking churchyard in tower streete 
within London, and by Iohn Reade, and Christopher Paine, 
dwelling in Hosier fane neere vnto .Vest Smithfield in the 

Nooes 299 

suburbs of London.' Cyprian Lucar was son of Emanuel 
Lucar, a prominent London citizen and merchant-ta),lor, 
whose first wife was the only sister of owld Mr. l, Vythipole' 
(p. 9 I, I. 24 n). 
p. 212, 1. 15 /lnnulus /lstronomlcus Boneti. Boncti . diuli 
dstronomici utilitatum liber is contained in J. Sacro Bosco's 
Textus de Spbeera, 1507, fo. 
p. 212, l. 15 /lnnulus dstronomlcus . . Gemmee Frisij. See p. 2  3, 
I. 1 6, dpiani. 
p. 212, l. 34 .iIunsteri Principia Geometriee, et IIorologiogra[Shiee. 
/Iuenster (Sebastian) : Rudimenta Iathematica. H ec in duos 
digeruntur libros, quorum prior geometri,e tradit principia . 
tost«rior omnigenum horologiorum docet delineationes lJasi]., I 55 I, 
p. 213, 1.  Sph,era 8acrobosci, a Fabro illustrata. Sacro Bosco 
(Joannes de): Tcxtus de $phcera Joan. de 8acrobosco: introductoria 
additione. . comntentarioque (j. Fabri Stapulensis).. illustratus. 
Parisiis, 1538, fo. 
p. 213,1. 13 Leuinum Hulsium. Hulsius (Levinus), author of 
Tractatus lbrimus lnstrum«ntorunt Iechanicorum . . . necnon 
quadrantis usus, Franc. ad M., 16o5, 4"- Erster (-dritter) 
Tractat der mechanlschcn Instrumenten, 3 pt., Franckfurt, 
6o4-3, 4 °, Iierdter Tractat .., 65, 4  [[No French 
translation in British Museum.) 
p. 213, i. 15 Garc,ei tractatus . . de erigendis figuris cceli. Garcoeus 
(Johann.), Tractatus breuis . . de erigendis figuris Cwli vcri- 
flcationibus, revolutionil, us, et dilectionibus, l, Vitebergoe, 1573, 8°. 
p. 213, I. 16 /lpiani. Apianus (Petrus) : Cosmograph&us liber.. 
correctusper Gemmam Phtysium, Ant., I 529 -" a new ed. called 
Cosmographia, Ant., 15S9. An edition of I5O, Antwerp, 
contains t"sus annuli astronomici per [Reinherum] Gemmam 
Pbrysium, &c. 
p. z  3, l.  7 Reinboldi Prutenic,e Tabuke ccelestium motuum. 
Reinhoid (Erasmus), Pruteni«e Tabul, e caelestium motuum, 
Tubingoe,  55 I, 4 °. 
p. 213, l. 22 Joachimus Rhwticus. Joachimus (Georg]us) Rhoe ticus: 
Canon doctrin,e triangulorum, Lipsioe, 1 5 5 I, o. 
p. 213,1.22 Offruslus, Joannes Francus. Jofranci Offusii de 
divina aÆtrorum facultate, in larvatam astrologiÆm, Parisiis, 
57 o, fo. 
p. 213,1. 23 Joannes 4ntonius. J. Antonius Campesius: 
Directorium summ, summarum medicime ad administrandum . . 

3 oo Notes 

Lapidera Philomphorum in eegritudinum curâ. (Sec Ulstadt, 
Ccelum Philosophorum, 63o. ) 
p. 23, 1. 23 lIaginus. Giov. Antonio Magini: Tabulw 
secundorum mobilium ccelestium ex qulbus omnium syderum 
motÆs . . colliguntu G congruentes cure observationibus Copernici, 
& canonibus Prutenicis, Venetiis, 585, 4"- In Blundeville's 
The Theoriques of che 8even Planers is CA breefe Extract . . of 
Maginus his Theoriques, for the better understanding of the 
Prutenicale Tables.' 
p. 213, 1. 24 ncbius. Thomw Finkii . . Geometriw rotundi 
libri xiiii, Basil., 583, 4 °. Horoscopographia, hoc est, situs 
stdlarum indagandi et.. ad astrologiÆm perveniendi manuductio 
.., [Magd.], 6o9, 4 °. 
p. z  3, 1.25 Doctor Cunninghams Cosmographical Glasse. Villiam 
Keningham, afterwards Cunningham, M.B. Cambridge 
 57, became an eminent physician in London. He wrote 
The Cosmographicall Glasse, conteinyng che pleasant Principles 
of Cosmographie, Geographie, Hydrographie or Navigation, 
Lond., I559, fo. The book is described in Oldys' .British 
Librarian, pp. 26-33. (Cooper's Atthenee, vol. III.) 
p. 2  3, 1.28 Blund«uils . . description . . of Blagraues Atstrolabe. 
John Blagrave, Atstrolabium Uranicum generale . che use of 
an Instrument or generall Atstrolabe, London, 596, 4 . 
T. Blundeville's book, M. B. his exercises, 594 [contains 
At very brief . . description of A4ahter Blagrave his tstrolabe]. 
p. 24, 1.7" Frontin. Frontin tells of Ch. Scipio's stratagem of 
 anaphoras pice et toeda plenas'» of Hannibal's vascula . . 
v iperis plena', and of Cassius'  naves accensas' (8trategemata, 
v, i, 9,  o,  4)- 
p. 24, 1.27 ]kIr. Fletcber. John Fletcher, fellow of Caius, 
587-63, in which year he died and was buried in the 
chapel. For his faine as an astrologer see Venn, Biog. Hist. 
ofCaius Coll., , p. 95. It is remarkable that Harvey speaks 
of him as a man of the past. Was this note written in 
Harvey's last years ? 
p. 24,1.29 Mr. utler physician. William Butler, fellow of 
Clare Hall, Cambridge, died 68. Sec D. N. B. 
p. 215, 1. 9 Sir Th. S. Sir Thomas Smith. Mr. Jon Vood' 
was his nephew. Cf. p. 222, 1. 27. 
p. 2  5,1.   Tempus demonstrativum reuelabit.  Tempus omnia 
revelat' is ascribed to Tertullian (Epigrammatum Delectus, 
 683, P- 5  8). 

Notes 3 o  

p. 216, !. 20 Hat,&ri Epistola. See p. 15- 
p. 2  7, !. 15 ex Baleo. On the authority of Bishop John Bale's 
lllustriun majoris Brltanniee Scriptorum . . summarium (  548)- 
p. 2  7, i.  8 in Prediolo Carbiensi. Sec p. 16. 
p. 2  7, !. 23 Ex/Edibus/lugustanianis, sc. at London ? 
p. 217,1.31 Cbrlstopborsonum. John Christophorson, Master of 
Trinity 1553-58. Sec D.N.B. 
p. 27,1.33 Parus Nannius. Dutch critic and philologist 
{I 5OO-57)- 
p. 218, 11. 5, 6 Nunr Cireronizat, &c. The couplet occurs in a 
commendatory poem of eight lines by Pctrus Nannius prefixed 
to John Christophorson's translation of Philo Judaeus (Pbilonis 
ludel. . libri quatuor . . Antverpioe,  553)- Nannius' poem 
is followed by another by Achilles Statius. 
p. 218, I. 8 Reginaldum Polum. Pole's Liber de Condlio was 
edited with a preface by Paulus Manutius (Ven., 1562). 
Bembus and Sadolet were among Pole's correspondents (sec 
Elistolarum R. Poli.. et aliorum ad ipsum, 1744)- 
p. 2 8,1. 12 Linacrum. George Lily, son of rVilliam Lily the 
grammarian, commemorated Linacre in his Elogia of his 
learned British contemporaries printed in Paulus Jovius' 
Descriptio Britannie, &c., Ven., 1548- The D. N. B. records 
the esteem felt for Linacre's scholarship by Melanchthon. 
p. OE 8, 1.23 Lewinum. William Lewin. Sec p. OE2o, !. I n. 
p. 218, 1.34-P- 2  9, 1. I Hortensianus.. aut ctiam Alntonianus.. 
A man of the type of the orator Hortensius (p..c. I 14-50) or 
the orator M. Antonius (143-87). Cicmo compares the two 
in his Orator, 3 O, lO6. 
p. 29,1.3 17icit . . Osorium. Sec p. 35, 1. 6 n. 
p. 220, l. I G. Leuini, çVilliam Lewin's. Sec p.  3 and p. 218, l. 23. 
p. 220, 1.  3 Bingum. Thomas I}yng, B.A. 155516, LL.D. 
i 57 o, Master of Clare Hall 157 i, Regius Professor of Civil 
Law 57314, died 599. His daughter Catharine married 
WiIliam Lewin, LL.D. Cf. p. 49- 
p. 220, 1.32 Egojam de Irlstocratia, &c. Lewin seems to have 
left no writings on such subjects. 
p. 22 I, 1.3 [/enit ad te secundo Smitbus meus. Harvey's Smithus, 
vel Musarum Lacbrymee was published with a letter to Sir 
Walter l.ildmay, and had probably been seen by him in MS. 
Harvey now refers to the sending of the printed book. This 
explanation of secundo' was proposed to me by Professor 
Henry Jackson. 

3ooE Notes 

p. 22I, 11. I 1-18 Harvey's statement ,vas perhaps influenced by 
a passage of Machiavelli, The Prince, xxv. 'I thought it 
more convenie*,t to respect the eternal verity than the 
imagination of the thi*,g (and many bave framed imaginary 
Commonwealths and Governments to themselves, which 
never were seen, nor had any real existence)... Laying 
aside therefore all imaginable notions of a Prince, and dis- 
coursing of nothing but what is actually truc, &c. (ed. I68o, 
p. 219). Cf. p. 197, ll. 32-34 and the note. 
p. 22,1. I8 Beato. Baker's MS. bas 'D:ato'or'Diato' (what 
follows the ' D' is blurred). Harvey's ' B' is often so fo*med 
as to be easily misread as D', and I bave little doubt that 
Baker misread it and could make nothing of the word. 
Professor Henry Jackson, who kindly considered the point 
at the request of my frie*,d Mr. J. H. Hessels who also took 
a great deal of trouble in the matter, considers Beato' to be a 
satisfactory solution ofthe difficulty. He writes, 'The subject 
of the Ethics may be said to be, «how shall a man attain 
,«.«qaovm. In IV. 3 there is an elaborate characterization 
of the great-souled man (/a,3¢«,kdç\oç) which seems to show 
Aristotle's conception of the cïm'latov. h the Post dnaL, B 
xvm p. 97, Aristotle names Alcibiades, Achilles, Ajax, 
Lysander and Socrates, as persons in whom /a3,«),oç,,\[« 
might be studied. But even so, Harvey is justified in treating 
tbe characterization as ideal : it is hot a portrait. So it cornes 
under the same criticism as the Republic and tbe Cyropwdia." 
p. 22, 1.29 qualem vix reflêret altrum, &c. Ausonius, Idyll. 
xw, , 2 : ' V ir bonus et sapiens, qualem vix repperit unum' &c. 
Quoted in Sententiw veterum Poëtarum, Lugd. (1583), p. 3 o. 
For the non-classical form 'altrum' cf. p. 233 , l. 4, and 
Spenser's line (Harvey, II/orks, I, 15) : ' Vis facit una pios : 
Justos facit altera: et altra'... 
p. 222, 1. 8 concedentibus. The sentence seems to run on to 
contingebat', l.  I. The sentence 'Si tamen', &c., ifBaker 
bas copied it correctly, is very awkward and involved. The 
full stops at ll.  5 and 2o must be ignored, and the sentence 
extended to 'peridoneus', l. 26. Even so, it is only a 
corrective addition to the previous sentence, 'if indeed any 
of these or ail of them together were to be compared with 
Smith in knowledge of such great matters that at the age of 
3 2 ', &c. 
p. 222, 1.9 Mirandulee . . qui Phoenix est cognomento usurpatus. 

Notes 303 

Hakewill, 4pologie (1627) , p. 2x 7 : 'that Phoenix oflearning, 
Iohannes Picus Earle of Mirandula', &c. Cf. Harvey, H orks, , 
66 : ' Picus Mirandula.. who.. was in Italy and France as 
Paulus Jouius reporteth, surnamed Phoenix, as.. the onely 
singular learned man of Europe.' 
p. 222, I. 27 Joannem Fuddum. John Wood, ncphcw to Sir T. 
Smith. He is addressed in Harvey's Smithus. 
p. 9_29_, 1.9_ 7 cure in Gallid Legatus esset, sc. I569--67. 
p. 9_9_3,1. 4 Ludovicum Regium. Louis Le Roy, died 1577, 
author of Comidératiom sur 1' histoire franfaise et universelle de 
ce temps, 15;62, 8 ° ; Les Monarchiques de Louis Le Roy, 15;7 o. 
See Biographie Gtnrale. Harvey refers to him again in a note 
in his 'Foorth', p. 3 : 'et hypocriticis illis et politicis a Lud. 
Regio illustratis.' 
p. 9-23,1. IO Nicolai Baconù, died on 9_o Feb., I57819. Sir 
Thomas Smith had died on I2 Aug. I577. 
p. 29-5, 1.34 /lxiophilus. See p. 231 , I. I I n. 
p. OE26, 1.19 Phaer. Thomas Phaer, M.D. Oxon., had translated 
the /ïrst nine books of the tleneid when he died in I 
They were published in  562. The remaining books were 
afterwards supplied by Thos. Twyne, and the whole printed 
in 584 . The version is in 'fourteeners'. Phaer was also 
the author of 'Owen Glendower' in The A/lirrour for 
Magistrates, I 5 5 9" 
P" 2z7,1" 7 like a seuil. In The Cobler of Canterburie 
the cobler tells (BOE) how the Prior of Canterbury disguised 
himself as the scull of the kitchen to visit the Smith's wife. 
p. 29-7, 1.8 the new Canterburie Tales, i.e., The Cobler o[" Canter- 
burie, 16o8 (first edition I59o ). Cf. BIV: '.Vell, quoth the 
Cobler, now that wee are going to Graues-end, and so (I 
thinke) most of vs to Canterburie, let vs tell some Tales, to 
passe away the rime till we corne off the water, and we will 
call them Canterburie Tales.' 
p. 227, 11. lO-13 Such a reueng vpon Marian of Cherrybynton . . 
/I Tragedie for a Comedie. See The Cob/er of Canterburle 
(16o8), GI. Marian shuts Rowland in a trunk, letting him 
out next day after she is married to another man. He cornes 
out amid ridicule and says, ' this is but a Comedie, but looke 
for a Tragedie whensoeuer it falles'. 
p. 227, 1.32 The /ife of S. Crislin , in honour of th« gentl« Cra_lq. 
Thos. Deloney's book The Gentle Craft (in praise of shoe- 
makers) was entered on the Stationers" Register on 19 Oct., 

304 Nooes 

x597. It contained the story of Crispin and Crispianus (the 
patron saints of shoemakers). 
p. 227,1. 33 The liuei of Eunaplui, Philostratui . . Eunapius' 
Bfo, ç,),oo'dçov :«I o'oç,o-rv, Flavius Philostratus' Bloc 
p. 228, 1.3 that lost labour ofdureliui, sc. in the Frankeleyn's 
p. 228, !. 7 The 8mithes tale. CoblerofCanterburie (16o8) Dt : 
'The Smiths Tale . . of a iealous Cobler.' 
p. 228, !. 8 In the Cahiers tale, the Eight orders of Cuckholdd. 
There seem to be no extant editions of the CoMer of Canter- 
burie between the first edition of x59 o and that of 16o8. 
The latter was reprinted in 1862 by Mr. F. Ouvry from a 
copy in his possession believed to be unique. He collated it 
with Malone's copy of the I59O edition in the Bodleian, and 
stated that the only substantial difference hetween the two 
editions was in 'The eight ortier of Cuckolds'. In this 
title we bave 'orders' (I59O), 'ortier' (6o8). The fourth 
order is 'Innocent' (I59O), 'Patient' (16o8), the eighth 
ortier 'Quem facit Ecclesia' (159o), 'Innocent' (6o8). The 
list Harvey gives shows that he used the edition of I6O8, 
always assuming there was no intermediate edition ; and in 
that case these notes on the arguments to Chaucer's raies 
cannot be dated earlier than that year. The book was, how- 
ever, licensed to J. Newbery on I2 June, 16oo (Stat. Reg. 
nl. 163) , and this, as Mr. Esdaile surmises (English Tahs, 
P-37), suggests the issue of an edition in that year. A 
further edition called The Alerry Tales af the Cobler of Canter- 
burie., appeared in 64. For Robert Greene's repudiation 
(in Greenes Fision)of the authorship of the raies, see his 
lForks, ed. Churton Collins, I, pp. 25-27- 
p. 228,1. x7 The A4irrour of A4agistrates. The work was 
published in 1559 with the title ,4 i1/lyrrovrefor Magistrates, 
IFherein may be seen . howe frayl and vmtable worldly 
prosperity is founde, euen of those whom Fortvne seemeth most 
highly to favour. 
p. 228, 1.24 the reuiued stories of Jack of Newberie, &c. The 
Pleasant History of John II"inchcomb . . called Jack of Newbery, 
was entered to T. Deloney on the Stationers" Register, 
7 March, I59617 . 
p. 228, 1.25 Dick of IF'orcester, Tom of Redding, If'i# of Sais- 
burie, George oflGloucester. Harvey is apparently thinking of 

Notes 305 

T. Deloney's Thomas of Reading. Or, the sixe wortby yeornen 
of the IP'tst, which is mentioned in Kemp's Nine Daies llondeG 
I6OO (Esdaile, ibid. p. 42), though no edition belote that of 
I612 is extant. There is however some inconsistency in 
the names, which appear in Deloney as William of Wor- 
cester, Thomas of Reading, Sutton of Salisburie and Gray 
of Glocester. 
P. 229,1- 9 Tbe Spring. From this and the following note it 
is clear that Harvey paid special hecd to descriptions of times 
and seasons in the tales. Sir Ernest Clarke suggests, I think 
with reason that it would seem that Harvey's long note in 
his Dionysius Perlegetes (pp.  59-64 sup.) on astronomical 
passages in the poets was written at the saine time as or 
somewhat later than the notes now belote us. 
p. 23o, !. 16 ilsa margarita astronomica. Perhaps Harvey borrowed 
the phrase from the title of a work by Gregorius Reisch, 
A4argmçta lhilosothica (totius Pbilosothi,,e. principia.. 
comllectem), Strasburg, 15o 4 (I5O415). See p. I 9, 1. 22 n., 
ad. fin. 
p. 23 , I. 4 II'arners. W. Warner's/llbions Eng]and, 1586. 
P-23,1- 5 Daniels. Samuel Danicl's Delia and Com],]aynt of 
Rosamond (592), and First Fowre Bookes of tie Civile lIars 
between the two Houses of Lancater and Yorke (595): 'At 
the end of the seco'd book the writer eulogised the Earl of 
Essex and Lord Mountjo,... With Mountjoy he was 
henceforth especially intimate.' (D. N. B.) 
p. 23 , !. 5 Siluesters. Joshua Sïlvester's first translation from 
Du Bartas appeared in 59 O. Ho published part of his 
translation of Du Bartas' Scmaine in  592, and other parts 
in 1593, I598, x599the whole in I6O516. 
p. 23I , 1.5 Cha[,mam. George Chapman published his Shadow 
of Night in x 594, his translation of Seaucn Bookes of tbe lliades 
and his continuation of Marlowe's Hero and Leander in  598. 
p. u3x, l. 7 kI. secretarle Cecill the nevo patron of Chawcer. 
Speght's Chaucer was dedicated to Sir Robert CeciI. He 
became Lord Cecil in 6o3, Viscount Cranborne in 6o4, 
and Earl of Salisbury in I6o5. 
p. 23I,!. 8 the Earle ofEssex. It would seem likely that this 
note was written before Essex's execution in Feb. 6oI. 
The mention of the "King of Scotland' that follows shows 
that it was certainly written belote Elizabeth's death on 
:z 4 March, * 603. 

3c6 Notes 

p. 9-31,1. II lxiolh]iltts. I am inclined to think that here and 
elsewhere (cf. p. I6I, 1. I I in a note presumabl), written 
about this time--see note on p. 9-9-9, 1. 19 above--and 
p. 226, !. 97, p. 228,1.3, P- 933, !. 12) 'Axiopbilus' stands for 
Harve), himself. Cf. wbat he sa),s of his unpublished writings 
in  598 (pp. 73, 74 above) and wbat was said of them 
'E. K.' in the postcript to lais letter to Harve), prefixed to 
the Shepheards Calendar, I579, and in lais note on tbe 
September Eclogue, ' Colin cloute'. Bishop Perc), (see p. 9_25, 
l. 33) considered Axiopbilus to be Spenser, Mr. A. H. Bullen 
bas suggested Sir Edward D),er: while Mrs. Stopes bas 
independentl), suggested Sir Edward D),er or the Erl of 
Derb),. In support of lais suggestion, Mr. lqullen refers to 
Sidney's 'Pastorall' in Davison's Poetical Rhalsody (6o2) : 
'Made b), Sir Pbilip Sidney vpon lais meeting with his two 
worth), Friends and fellow-Poets, Sir Edward D),er and 
Maister Fulke Greuill.' Tbis might bave led Harve), to call 
D),er 'Axiopbilus'. I see no reason, bowever, wby Harve), 
(wbo bas mentioned Dyer b), naine just above) sbould find 
it necessar), to give bim a coined naine here: and I think it 
ver), characteristic of Harve), to speak of himself in this 
m),sterious manner. As to Fe,dinando, Earl of Derb),, the 
fact tbat he had died in 594 seems to me to make him 
impossible. It is gratif),ing to me to bear tbat Mr. G. F. 
FIarwick, of tbe British Museum, wbo bas been acquainted 
witb these notes for ),ears, after prolonged stud)' has also 
corne to the conclusion that b), 'Axiopbilus' Harve), means 
p. 23 , 1. 8 Chrysotechnus. Can this also be Harve), ? Cf. p. 
p. 23,!. 2o a Cilhher in the algorisme, a cipher in tbe Arable 
s),stem of numeration, a mere cipber. Tbe phrase was hot 
uncommon. See N. E. D., 'algorism'. 
p. 23 , !. 2  the first philosolher , i.e., apparentl),, Pythagoras. 
p. 23 , !. 23 goulden verses . . Xpvr« rro, the "golden verses' 
attributed to P),tbagoras. 
p. 23 , !. 24 Hierocles, a neo-Platonist of Alexandria, c. 45o A.t. 
wbo wrote a commentar), on tbe golden verses of P),tbagoras. 
p. 23,1.24 Stelhanus Niger (Stefano Negri), born c. 475, 
taugbt Greek at Milan. He is the autbor of Commentarioli 
S. Nigri in aurea carmina Pytbagoree,  532 and  582. 
p. 23 , !. 25 ngel Politian (Angelo Poliziano, 454-94), 

Notes 307 

classical scholar and author of the drama Or0, &c. I have 
round no reference to any commentary of Politian's on the 
Golden Verses of Pythagoras either in Italian or in Latin: and 
Sir John Sandys and Dr. McKerrow, who most kindly 
assisted me in my search, bave been no more successful. 
Sir John Sandys tells me there is no trace of any such work 
in Dr. Jacob Mahly's Angelus Politianus, Ein Culturbild 
(864) , no," in Polizia,ao's Prose P'olgari inediti, Poeffe Latine 
e Greche edite e inediti (x864), nor in his Opere l'olgari 
(885). He suggests that Harvey may bave attributed to 
Politian D. Bembo's Italian translation of the commentary 
of Hierocles (Ve,aice, 16o4). This would be possible if 
Harvey's note were of so late a date. Perhaps there was an 
earlier edition of Bembo's translation. 
p. 23 , 1.29 Phaer. Sec note on p. 226, 1. 19 above. 
p. 23 , 1.3 ° archdeacon Drant. His translation» Horace his ,4rt 
of Poetrie, Pi»tles and Satyr», appcared in 1567- 
p. 23 , 1.31 Goulding. Arthur Golding's translation of Ovid's 
A4etamorpboses appearcd in complete form in  575- 
p. 23  1.3  Seneca. Seneca his terme Tragedies tramlated into 
English (58i)'were the work of John Studlcy, Thomas 
Nuce, Alexander Nevylc, Jasper Hcywood, and Thomas 
p. 23x ,1.32 Euripides. I am hOt aware that any plays of 
Euripidcs had been translated except the Phceni»e (or, as 
they called it, Jocasta,) translated by G. Gascoignc and 
F. Kinwelmcrsh and acted at Gray's Inn in 1566. Even 
their work we now know hot to bave been taken direct 
from Euripides, but from the Giocasta of L. Dolce. 
p. 23 ,1. 32 PalingeniuL lïlarnabee Googe published in 1565 
his translation The Zodiake of Life, written by . ,4[arcellus 
Palingenius Stellatus (Manzolli). The original Zodiacus l'ite 
appearcd in  537- 
p. 23I , 1.35 dnonymu. Is this also Harvey? 
p. 232 , 1.9 Gascoigns flowers, herbs, and weed. G. Gascoigne's 
Posits (575) was divided into 'Flowcrs', 'Itcarbes' and 
 Weedes '. 
p. 232 , 1. o ttis, and Sir Thomas Mores Epigram. See p. 234 , 
p. 232  1.12 now tramlated Petrarch. Sonnets of Petrarch were 
translated or adaptcd b), Sir Thomas Vyat, Henry, Lord 
lcrners and othcrs. Wyat printed in 549 Certaine Palmes 

3o8 Notes 

chosen out of the Pmlmes of David commonly called vil peny- 
tentiall Pralines drawen into Englishe metcr. Perhaps these 
were translated from Petrarch's seven penitential psalms, of 
which Chapman published a translation in 1612. Henry 
Parker, 8th Baron Morley (476-556) published about 
 553 Tryumphes  Frauncis Petrarcke translated out  Italian 
into English (D. N.B.). Spenser has his seven translated 
sonnets, The lsions Pctrarch. Dr. McKerrow, writing on 
a passage of Nashe (lçorks I, p. 34u, 1. I 5) says, 'It would 
appear., that Lady Elibeth Carey had translated some of 
Petrarch's sonnets into English" (i.e., by I 592-3). 
p. 232 , 1.  2 Tasso. Richard Carcw's translation of the first rive 
cantos of Tasso's Gerusakmme Liberata appcared in I594, 
Fairfax's translation of the whole work in 16oo. Abraham 
Fraunce's translation of Tso's pastoral play mlnta appeared 
in Tbe Countesse  Pembrokcs uychurch in 59 I. 
p. 232  1. I2 Ariosto. Sir John Harington's translation of the 
Orlando Fudoso had appeared in 1591. 
p. u3z, l. 3 Bartas. Sec note on Siluesters', p. 23I  ]. 5 above. 
p. 232 , ]. I 7 Amyntas. A. Fraunce's Countesse  Pcmbrokes 
?ycburch, Conteining the actionate l, and vnrtunate 
death of Phillis and Amyntas : That in a Pastorall : this in a 
Funcrall: both in English Hexamcters (159 I), consists rst of a 
translation of Tasso's Aminta, and secondly of a republication 
of Fraunce's rst published work, Tbe Lamcntatiom qfAoEvntas 
fit thc death Phiilis ( 1587), a translation ofThomas Vatson's 
Latin Amyntas. Fraunce's title Thc Countcsse  Pcmbrokes 
ycl, urch is an obvious imitation of Tbe Countesse  P«mbrokes 
Arcadia which had appeared the year before. 
p. 232 , 1. 18 The Eark Essex much commendes . . See Preface, 
p. xi. 
p. 232  1. 9 lbions England. See note on Warners', p. 23  
1. 4 above. 
p. 22 ]. 22 The Lord Mountioy mak« b &c. Charles Blount 
became Lord Mountjoy in 594, and was created Earl of 
Devonshire in 16o 3. As to his admiration of Daniel, see 
note on Daniels', p. 23 , 1. 5 above. 
p. 232 , 1. 9 Hamlet. Harvey's appreciation of Hamlet should 
save him from being called a 'pedant' in the fiture. It is surely 
a remarkable evidence of his openness of mind. As to the 
beanng of this reference on the date of Haml«t, see the 
Preface, pp. viii-xii. 

Notes 3c9 

p. 232 , 1.31 l/ilia mitetur, &c. Ovid,//m. I. xv, 35, 36. 
p. 233 , I. I His lmaryllis. Sir E. Dyer's 'Amaryllis' (43 stanzas, 
signcd 'E. Dier,' beginning: 
'Amaryllis was fuil fayre : 
The goodlyest mayde was she 
From the east vnto the west 
That heauens eye could sec') 
is preserved in Rawlinson MS. Poet., 85. Grosart prmted it 
for the first time in his edition of Dyer in the Fuller II orthies" 
Lil, rary ]kliscellanies.--A. H. B. 
p. 233 , 1. I Sir ltFalter Ralelghs Cynthia. Dr. Hannah's collection 
of The Poerns of Sir ll/alter Raleigh contains a continuation 
of the lost poem 'Cynthia', published from a Hatfield MS. 
In his 'Appendix A' the editor brings together allusions to 
Cynthia ruade by Spenser, &c., and includes that of the 
present passage, which he quotes from Malone's Sbakesleare , 
ed. Boswell, 11, 579• 
p. 233 , 11.2-5 Excellent matter  ernulation for SD'ncer , Constable 
• . the rest ofowrflorishing metrkians. See Preface. 
p. 233 ,1. 3 Constable. Henry Constable's Diana was publishcd 
in complete form in 1594 . He lived till 613. 
p. 233 , 1.3 France. Abraham Fraunce is said to bave lived tdl 
1633 , though he published nothing after ,592. 
p. 233 , l. 3 BVatson. See note on p. 232 , l. x7 above. 
p. 233 ,1. 6 Doctor Gager. William Gager, D.C.L. of Christ 
Church, Oxford, author of the Latin plays, Rivales, Dido, 
,Ieleager, &c., and the antagonist of Rainolds in thc stage- 
play controversy. It is interesting to see that Harvey, though 
so often called a Puritan, was a friend of Gager's. Thc 
D. N. B. gives a list of his unpublished works in Latin verse 
contained in Add. MS. 22583 . 
P" 233,1" 7 M. Hackluit. Rich. Hakluyt, M.A. Oxon. 1577. 
His Principall Navigations appeared in one volume in 1589, 
again in three vols. in 1598-16oo. His last work P'irginia 
ri¢bly valued (from the Portuguese)appeared in 16o9, and at 
his death in 1616 he left a large collection of MSS., some of 
which were used by Purchas, and others are preserved in the 
Bodleian (D. N. B.}. 
P. 33, 1.80wem new Epigrams. John Owen's Latin Epigram- 
mata were first published in 16o6. One, however, addressed 
to Lord Burleigh is dated 1596 (D. N. B.}, so Harvey may 
bave seen some of them in MS. by 16oo, or carlier. 

3 1 o Notes 

p. 233 , !. 12 .4xiophi/us. See note on p. 23 I, I. I I above. 
p. 233 , I. 21 T])e fine tbOï$1e$ of Sir Thoma$ lIore. Harvey had 
evidently belote him The I/I/orke$ of Sir Thoma$ /bIore . . in 
the Eng/ysh ronge, I557, fo. Here we find: (C I) 'A mery 
lest how a sergeant would learne to playe the frere'; (C z v) 
'Mayster T. M. in his youth deuysed in hys fathers bouse 
in London :i goodly hangyng of fyne paynted clothe, with 
nyne pageantes', &c. ; (C 4) CA ruful lamentaci . . of the 
deth of quene Elisabeth.. in childbed' ; (next folio) 'Certain 
mcters in english . . for the boke of Fortune'm«The wordes 
of Fortune to the people'; (next folio) OTo them that trust 
in Fortune'; (next folio but one)' To them that seke Fortune' 
m'Thus endeth the preface to the boke of Fortune'; 
(p. 21)'Twelue rules of John Picus..'; (p. 25)'Thc twelue 
weapons . . '; (pp. 27, 28) 'The twelue properties of a 
louer' i (p. 1420 ) Latin epitaph" 'Chara Thomoe iacet hic 
Ioanna vxorcula Mori Qui tumulum Alicioe hunc destino 
quique mihi'; (p. 1432 ) 'Here folow two short ballettes 
which sir Thomas More ruade for hys pastyme while he 
was prisoner in the tower of London' 'Lewys the lost 
louer' 'Dauy the dycer'. 
p. 234 , I. I 2 Ex vna, et a/t«ra Oda Phi/omelam. Perhaps coined 
by Harvey on the analogy of 'Ex ungue leonem', 'Ex pede 


[! ara cxtrcmcl' vcxcd to havc to give this long list of corrigenda for which I, 
and hOt the printer ara solel Fat fault. HarveF's mcthod of interlacing notes 
of differcnt periods on his page is apt to Icad to error : and when these pages 
passcd m), hand 1 was out of reach of thc differcnt MSS., and only discovercd 
later that my transcripts were less accurate than ! had hoped.--G. C. M. S.] 

p. zS, I. zo, for 'z576' read 'z579'- 
P- 35, L z o, for ' John' read 'Thomas'. 
p. 8o. PmNTZn Boozs WTH G^nRzr 
[Since these pages were printed the 
press-marks of the following books 
in the Brltlsh Muscum have been 
changed. I Rive the new press- 
mark] :-- 
53 Gasser, C. 6o.e. 3. 
ç39 Firminus, C. 6o. o. 9- 
 ç4o Alkindus C. 6o. o. . 
 ç4z Quintilianus C. 6o. I. 
56o Huggelius C. 6o. o. o. 
ç6 Braunschweig C. 6o. o. 
 63 Cicero, C. 6o. f. 9- 
qTo Meler C. 6o. h. . 
çT Hollband, C. 6o. a. . 
gT G. Haey C. 6o. h. 7- 
So Hopperus C. 6o. e. 4 
S Guazzo C. 6o. a. . 
 595 Blagrave C. 6o. o. 7. 
[ 5S ] Broadsheet, C. 6o. o. 6. 
$9 z Bourne C. 6o. f. . 
59 z Hood C. 6. f. . 
[To this list the following books should 
be added] : 
 549 Tbe Images  d« Old Tetamen 
late expressed s sa ford in nglis and 
Frencbe. [Deslgns by Hoibein.] Printcd 
at Lyons, by Iohan Frcllon 4% G.H.'s 
autograph { 5o) nd notes. {In a book 
of the Pennant Collection soldfrom 
Lord Denblgh's librrat Sotheby's, 
93 and described in J. Tregaskis' 
Catalogue, April,  9  3-) 
 5ç  Lori Communes Juris Ciilis . . 
cure loan. Oldcndorpbii Epstola 
toria. Apud Seb. GrFphium Lugduni 
G. H.'s autograph (ç79) and notes. 
« Gabrielis Harueij, et amicorum.  579-' 
This is only a fragment of a book 
contained in the Bagford Collection. 
British Museum. Harl. 59 , No. 

 576 Tb« Post For diu«rs pattes of rb« 
orld. Pubiished by Richard Rowlands. 
London, 8% G. H.'s notes (se« p.  74)- 
Belongs to Professor I. Gollancz, 
Litt. D., F.B.A. 
ç78 P. du Ploiche. /1 treatise in 
Englisbe and Frtncbc . . ncl_ rruisrd. 
Imprinted at London, b¥ Ihon Kingston, 
for Gerard Dewes, 4"- G. H.'s auto- 
graph (58o) and notes. 'Ex dono 
Autoris, Monsieur du Ploiche'. (In 
the book of the Pennant Collection 
mentioned above.) 
 58ç Gualterus Bru«le. Praxis/lcdi- 
cin Tbeorica et Emfirica Famiharissima. 
Antverpioe, Apud Chr. Plantinum. fo. 
G. H.'s autograph and notes. «Emi : 
Joanne fratre Aprilis  5 °.  589. cum 
iii« allure sibi Bruclem, totidem suis 
chartis auctum compingi curasset, pre- 
cium, x'.' Many notes by John H arve}" and 
his autograph ,j. H.' British Museum, 
C. 6o. o. . 
* 590 A. de Corro. Tbe $panisi: Grain- 
mcr . . [/Fith a Dic«ionarie .. By Iohn 
Thorius. Imprinted at London by Iohn 
Wolfe. 4"- G. H.'s autograph (* ç9 o) 
and notes. (In the book ofthc Pcnnant 
Collection, mentioned abovc.) 
'59' Richard Percyvall. Bibliotbeca 
Itispanica. lmprinted at London, 
lohn Iackson, for R,chard Watkins. 4% 
G. H.'s autograph and notes. (As abovc.) 
59 z Tbe Survay or Topograpbical 
Description of Franc« . . London. Im- 
printed by Iohn Wolfe. 4 ° . G. H.'s 
autograph ( S9 z) and notes. (As above.) 
59 z [M. Hurault?] 2qn Excellent 
Discours« vpon tbe no¢v presrnt estat« 0 3 
Franc«, trans, out of French b" E. A. 
Imprinted at London b), Iohn Wolfe. 
4 °. G.H.'s autograph (*this August, 
t c;9z' ) and notes : *giucn me« bi« if. 
Woolfe, for a special rare Dit«ourse." 
(As above.) 

3  OE Addenda et Corrigetda 

! 59] John Eliot. Ortbo-epia Gallica. 
Eiiots Frqin for tb« Frenck. London. 
Printed by Iohn VVolfc. 4% G.H.'s 
autograph (!9]) and notes. (As 
p. 87, I. I% for' Expcdlt[ou' read 
p. 9 I. 3 for safely' rcad «cascly'. 
p. 9 z, I. 8, for 'colathis' rcad 
calathls '. 
P" 9 I. 7, for 'à' r¢ad ''. 
P- 9 I.  for conioncd' read and 
conion¢d '. 
p. !o, I. z] for'sait' rcad«fals '. 
p. o8,11. 31, z, read '(Arctinus, 
improuiso s¢mpcr irrucns). Pcrpctua', 
p.   s, l. z, for ' Loeli' rcad 'Loeti'. 
p. I ! I, I. 19, aficr ' Discipulo' add 
Non placet. One bringith on an othcr. 
Imitation Aemulation's &c. 
p. sz, I. ]o, for 'est' read 
p. s 3 I. z6, for 'III' read 'VI'. 
p. s  I. 4, for elegans' rcad 'cio- 
p. II 1. Z6, for =!7]- $' rcad 
ç. llg I. I] for =Iliad. g' rcad 
lliad. . pauca, scd ualc suauitcr.' 
p. ii9, I. ]z (margn), for =Sforza' 
read = Fortius '. 
ç. lzo I. zz, for =potictur' rcad 
p. lzT 1.  for «attrcctar¢' rcad 
p. ! ]z I. = ! for «quanprimum ' rcad 
quamprimum '. 
p. ]] I. 4, for =maxima parte' read 
maximam partcm '. 
p. t I. o, for «placent' read 
placet ". 
p. ]42, [. 2 for «aduantages' read 
aduantagc ". 
p- t43, I. 7, "voyce' is right. 
P- =4, I. =2, for *feclt' read = hcit'. 
p. =4ç, II. =z, =3» for 'praxim' read 
praxin '. 
p. qç, I. 9, for «praxi' read =praxe'. 
p. =çç, I. 2ç, for =suer' read «cuer'. 
P. =Sç, I. z6, for =caing' read 
iarring '. 

p. ! 76, I. 4, for ' at' rcad ' et '. 
p. 177 , I. 3"o, for 'ar" rcad 'be'. 
p. I79 , I. zs, aftcr 'contraria' add 
' Pulchrum et gloriosum uidctur, bonum 
esse legum Nomcnclatorcm. Aut non 
ornnin» aut omnino inslgnitcr'. 
p. ! 79,1. zg , dclc. «Aut... insignitcr'. 
p. 18o, I. zz, for 'rude' read 'crudc'. 
p. ! 81, I. 3, for 'faciat' read 'faciunt '. 
p. 18, I. 6, aftcr 'Powltons' add 
' Abridgment of'. 
p. I83, I. zz, aftcr 'mi fili' add 'fili 
mi '. 
p.   I. z for ' praxi ' read ' praxc '. 
p. 189, I. 4, for 'Vcnenum' read 
 Vincnum '. 
p. 19o , I. 6, for 'Arthcnstall' read 
 Archcnst ail '. 
p. 9o I. 6, against «Art' insert 
{ Ciuil, and common Lawcs. 
Ail politique and Martial studycs. 
P- 9, I. 7 (in thc margin) for "lb." 
rcad « Lectori '. 
p. 191 , I. 8 for 'three' read thcre'. 
p. 191 , I. 3o, for 'intellectual' read 
 cffcctual '. 
P- 93, II. 6-6 should corne on p. 
188, aft¢r I. 25 . 
p. 96, I. 9, Delc 'may'. 
p. 198 , I. # (in thc margin}, add ' 
Lines #-9 should thereorc comc aflcr 
p. 96. 
p. I98 , I.  for 'nouus' rcad 'nouus 
P- 99, I. z7, for 'allway' rcad 'all- 
wRi . 
P.  99, l. zg, for ' praxi ' read ' praxe '. 
p. zo% I. [ 6, rcad 
' Quodcunquc incidcri, rcrumuc homi- 
numuc grauamcn, 
Quoecuquc obstiterit seu uis, seu uiuida 
p. zoo, aftcr I. zz add 
'Cra% tardè cst : ser6 est: sntagcndum 
est nunc mod iam nttnc : 
Dura calor est, Valor est : Vigor omnia 
Vincit, et omncs.' 
p. zoo, I. ]= (in thc margin), for 
'z= r' rend 'flleaf z'. This should 
therefore corne on p. zo] after I. 7- 
p. zo6 I. z=, for ' Hinc" rad ' Hùc'. 

p. z57 , note on lzl, z:], for 'Scttin' read 'Sitten'. 

Harvey literature has just receivcd an important addition in a dissertation, 
Gabrlei HarqeV Der Dicbt,'rfreund und Kritiker by Hans Berh (Zurich, Gebr. 
Leemann & Co., 1913).--September, 19 3" 



[References to page and line. Where a reference is preceded by an asterisk, a note 
will be found on the passag¢.] 

'A faire Candlemas; &c. "175- lO 
'A snatch, & away' *93" 7 
Abner 89. 1 
Abraham 203.3o i z°7. zz, -7 i zoS. 1, 
6» 7, 12, 8, 3  
Abraham, sons of zo 7. z$, 33 ; zo$. z 5 
Absalom o 7. z8 
Accent of words in verse 68. z7 
Acclo' *lSg. z 
 Accomplements' *  97-   
Achiiies 9 o.  
Achltophel 89.  
Acontius, J. *z . zo 
Activelife 4- 8; 45- ol 5 z-l 
Adaptability of character   4- z 
lad omniaquare' "9 z.  3 t96- t6; zoz. 
«Ad ruborem non ad sudorem' (applied 
to thc taking of exercise by R. Baron, 
Cyrian Academy, 647, p. ) Tç- z9 
Aegneta Paulus (Greek mcdical wrter, 
7th century a.n.) 3z. z 
Aelian z 4. zg 
Aeueas 5o. z ; zo6. z 3 
Aeneas Sylvius *95- $ 
Aesop tz. 8; z 4.3o 
Aetius Amldenus (Greek medical writer 
of Amida, Mesopot amia, ff. c. oo 
Agamemnon zoz. $ 
Agricda Rodolphus *   3"  3 ;  z .  o; 
z3. zz 
Agrippa» H.Cornelius* t  9" z4  z6. z 3  
6.9;*zo8. 6; z4. 3oi zç. 7 
AIbertus Magnus * 63. 7 
Albis equis prœecurrere' *87. z4; 68.8 
Aldbiades 4 z. zo 
Alexander the Great 87. zzl 9 o. 8; 9 z. 
4; 93" 6; oq. 3z 4z. zo; 49-z7; 
87-z7; 89-  3 , 34; *zo6.31 
zo 9.  z 
Alexander Jurlsconsult *  84. 3o 
Alexander VI Pope z. 8 
Alexius Pedemontanus * 3 .   
phonsus, King of Arragon and Nap[es 
• 9 o. 6 

Ambition as a concea|ed tire zoo. 
Ambitious men 189. 14; 19z.-'-', 
Ambrose, St. 1 z 1.18 
Ameriea ZlO. 34 
{IiEIlTIOIt fOÇ lTtOlt *1]. z7 
Andreoe» Jo. (author ofro(t j»ru 
Cracoi, 53 ) 46. 3 
Angelus Furius *88. 3 ; o8. 3o; 
3z;  55. zz; t56.8 i *t99. 3 
Angcr boorish t 98. ZT, z 9 
Animais doctor thcmselves  39-  
'Animus cuiusque, is est quisquc' *lOT. 
Anibat. Sec Hannibat 
Anonymus *z 3 t. 35 
Ant, thc 2oo. 3 o 
Antenor zo6. z 3 
Antoninus, Marcus Aur¢lius  24. 
Antonius, Joan. "2  3- z3 
Antonius, M. *z 9. t 
Apdles t 88. t 7 
Aphthonius *88. z 
Apianus, P. *z 3. 6 
Apollo 193.3o 
Apollonius Tyaneus *97- 6i  36.  
zç-t 53- z5 
.rcandam *16. 17, z6 
Archenstall, Mr., of Ely * t9 o. 6 
Arches, Court ofthe t86. 5 
Archlm¢des *47- 8; t49- o 
Aretlno, P., 'l'Unico' "9 t. z 3 ; toS. 
!19 . 25; IZl. zo; 122. 26; 12 
t37.3o; t47. zo, zz, z; 56. 
t6z. 3; 65- 30; 68. 8; t9 
99- t5 
Argus 89. z 
Arlosto *gt.zT; t62.t 3; 68.9;*z3z. 
Aristophanes t  5- zt 
Aristoteleans zo 4. 4 
Aristott¢ t. z5; tz4. 24; *128. 
t68. fS; t9 t.3z; *zz. t6-t8 
Art ad ature t 56. t  
Artaxcrxcs Longimanus zo 7. 9 
Arundel and Surrey, Earl of (sec Surrey) 
apq ttl«u avroç 36.  
« Principium dimidium totius') 

3  6 Index 

'As good neuer a wh;t, as neucr the 
botter' 138. z 5 
Ascham, Roger*  1 I. 11 ; 115- 16; "117. 
zz; "118.5; lZZ. 5; 1z7. z4; 158. 
z7; "169, IO; Zl 7. 3o; z31.4 
Asclepiades of Prusa * 13 I. I 
Astrology 175- I 
Astrologer's library, an t63. 1 I 
Astronomy in poets 159. 13; 161. 1- 
163.6; zz 9. 19 n. 
Athenœeus ! 16. 11 ; I z 4. z6 
Atticus, Pompon;us 133. 9, 
14z. 19 
Aubcrius [Aubrey» W.] *96. z; 146. 18 
Audle)" End 175.19: disputation at 
Augustine, St. ! ! 8. I 
Augustus Coesar * 15 I. 5 
Aulus Gellius 13ç- 34 
'Aut nunc aut nunquam' "176. 
Axiophilus 161. II; zz6. z7; zzS. 
• z31.11z3. IZ 
Aylmer (Elmcr), Bishop * 15o. z 7 

' Babyfied' * 189. I 
Bacon, Sir Nicholas IZZ. 15 *zz 3. IO- 
zz4. z8 
Bacon, Roger z 15- 17 
Bajazet "1o 9. z6; 194. 3o 
Baker, Humphrey "175.3 
Baker, Thomas Zl6. z-zz4. 3"- 
Balduinu% F. *zo4. z 
Baie, John *Zl 7. 15 
Barlandus, Adrianus "114. 14 
Barley-water I z 9. 11 ; 13o. 3 
Bartas, Bartasius (sec Du Bartas) 
Bartolus (Bartholus) *89 . z9 14O 3i 
186. z 3 
'Batte, mi fil;,' &c. 153. zz 
Ba),ro P. * 186. 19 
Beausalt 96. 31 
Bee, the zoo. 3o 
Bembus "119. z6; *z15. 9 
Bibliography I z 5. z4 
Bion tlZ. 7 
Blagrave, John "16z. 31 ;'163. I ;"Zl I. 
zz, *zig, 3z; ZlZ. 6; *Zl 3. $, *zig 
Blithe spirit, a 95- fo; 14z. 33 ; 143- I; 
t49. 3o; 157-3; 187- !, 7 
Blundevil¢, T. 122. 6; "213" 28 
Bodinus, j. "181.19, 3o 
Boethius *t 7- 3z; zz9- 6 
Bold men 155. 12; 157. 13; 98. 32; 
zo$. 7 

Bonavcntura z 1 I. 19 
Bonetus *ZlZ. I 5 Boo of Common Prayer 163. 32 
Books ail of some use lZ6. z6 
Borgia, Coesar *9 o. zs 139- I 5 
Bourne, W. 173. z7; Zl4. I 
Brahe Tycho zt 3- zz 
Brain, regirnen for the 177. I z 
Braunschweig, H. IZ 9. lZ a; 3o. zo- 
I ]z end 
Bright, T. *95" Zl 
Brocardus, j. *zo 4. 8 i Zl i. 9 
Broughton, Hugh "164. 15; 198. zo 
Browne, Dr. Lancelot "13z. 3 
Bruel¢, Gualt.*lzS, z; 131.16; 13z. 18 
Bruno, Giordano (Jordanus Neapoli- 
tanus) "156. zt 
Brunshichus (ste Braunschweig) 
Brutus 143.34 
Buchanan, George 158. zs; *t61. 
16z. 7; t63- z 
U, ucherellus (J. Buchereau) * 181. 3z 
Bucidey, W. (Bucloeus) "16z. 3o 
Budoeus (Guil. Bud ,, cris;c, t 467-154 o) 
zzz. 8 
Burcott» Dr. *58. 13 
Burleigh, Lord (see Cecil) 
Busby, Dr. Humphrey *lZZ. Zl 
'But for hopey L Hart woold bru»t' *95. 
Butler, William *Zl4. z9 
Byng, Thomas *zzo. 13 

Cabala zo 4. zl, zS; "-08. 5; ZlO. 
Zlt. 5 
Cœesar, C.julius 87. zz '9o. 13; *96. 
lO 5. 32; il 5. Ç; 117. :.6; tzo. 8 
IZl. 8; *lZ. 16; 133. z4; 134. io; 
136."" ; 138. I I; 14". 19; "14.8. 17, 
*32; 149.2, Z7; t51.27,29, 32; 179. 
19o. z; *t94. z7, 3 o,*3z; 196. 
98. 8, zS; *zo6. 31; zo 9. !. 
Ca;us, John z 14- "-6 
Calais 96. 3z 
Cambridge 175. 4 
Camillus Fur;us (rive times Dictator, 
died 365 a.c.) 156. z8 
Canaanites zo 5. z 5 
Canis.. e Nilo' *93.6 
Carbury z  7- ! 8 
Cardanu% H. *tz 9. t; tSz. 7; 15z. 14; 
"2OI. 14; 212. ! 
Cardinal virtu¢s 97- 9; zoz. 3o 

Index 3  7 

Cario's Cbronid« * ! 94- z4 
Carpentarius (Charpentier), j. * t  . 9 
Carr, Nicholas 
' Carry meat in 
Cartwrlght, T. (Puritan leader) 138. 
t85. z6 
'Caseus est nequam' &c. *I4o. 
Cassius zt 4. 
Castellio, S. zo 9. "3 
Castiglionc's Cortegian I 4. 6 
Castle, a t 94- 6 
Caution I99. t6 
Cecil, Sir Robert (afterwards Earl of 
Salisbury) *z 3 I. 7 
Cecil, William, Lord Burlcigh, Lord 
Treasurcr 9 t. 8; t2z. t5; tz3- 32; 
• t49- t4; I59. 61 t9 z- t 5;zo2- I7, z 
Celsus t tT- 3o; t3z- 6 
Chaldoeans zo 4. 6 
Chapman, George *z3t. 5; z33- 4 
'Charitas inclpit a Seipso' 
Charles V 89 . 34; t95-4 
Chaucer Izz. I; I59. t3, I6, z2, 26; 
I6o. 5, zz, 3, z; I6z. zS; z l. 26; 
225-34; 226. z;23I. 2,8, 34; 23 z- 
Cheke, Sir John 
3; z8.25; zzz. , 6 
'Chi la dura, la vince' (used as motto in 
tiilo6ie 6i ,'t,isa, t 594, canto lix.) 
"9 L z7 
Christ 97- 6; 4. 9; $5- 9; 2°7- 22, 
30; zo 9. z9; 
Christophorson, John z* 7.31 ; 2,8.5 n. 
Chrysotcchnus *z 
Chusa), (Hushai) 8 9. 
Chytrœeus, David *6 5. 
Cicero, M. Tullius "9o. 
7; 3-3°; 14.5; 6"3,z3,z6; 
7. z3; zo-7; Izl. 5; 2z.6,34. 
Epistles t3-36; I98-4; zI7- 
Ciceronians zt7. 7-zI9. 5 
Cineas *t89. 7 
Cipher in the algorisme' *z3L zo 
Ciuili ami uniuiil Lyfe *97- z 
"Clara dies Pauli i &c. **7ç- 6 
Clarke Dr. Bartholomew *I5o. 26; 
Classical metres in English t69. 9 
Claius, Christ. (mathematical and as- 
tromical writer from c. t 574) z 3- z4 
Clercus (see Clarke) 
Clericus annosu% &c. * o6. z6 
Cobier o.f Cantcrburie *zz 7. 7-  3 ; *zzS. 

Cole, Humphry "212. I 
Columhus, Christopher *  2z.  5 
Columbu% Rualdus (anatomist, died 
 577)  3 z- 7 
'Comede Solem' * 36. z4 
Commines de, P. (Cominoeus)  94- 26 n; 
Complaining futile zol. 17 
Constable, Henry z33.3 
Constancy of prpose i44. 6 
Constantinus, his 2Vomendator *I 2". 3 
Contarenus, G. * I $ l. 33 
Cooper, T. * t 94- z4 
Copernicus z 3. 18 
Corah zo. 3o 
Cosmopolita (N. Barnaud ?) *I 19. 
Country gentlemen 97. z6 
Court of Augmentation *o6. 6 
Court-preferment  4 z. I z 
Courtl), manncrs, value of 45- 3o;  5 o- 
zo; zo 3. z 4 
Cowell, j. (Couellus) *  8 i. 33 
Cranmer, Archbishop  2a.  ; 
Craue and haut' 9 . 4 
Creation, Moses' account of zo 4. 33 
Critics z 5. 3 
Croft, Sir James *I9o.  I 
Cromwell, Thomas, Lord 9 . ç ; o6.4; 
Izt. t9; t2z. to; m4t.28; 49. 15 
t56. tS;,9z, iS;t93, ii;i96.,,, 
z9; zoz. t6 
Cuckolds i39. 2 
Cuiacius (Jacques Cujas, a French jurist 
1520-90), I 8 4. I 2 
Cunningham, Dr. W. "2i 3. 2ç 
Curtius Rufu% Quirtus  t-.  ; *94- 
 Cut" (sarcasm) I t 4- t 
Cyneas (see Cineas) 
Cyrus zo7.9; 22t. t 9 


Dœedalus I49.  
Damasus, G. *I46.2 
Dandulo, Fran. "9 L I8; 97- I l 
D-niel, Sain. *z3I. 5; z32- z3; z33.3 
Darius zo 7. 9 
David 9 o. zo 
Day, the 64. z 5 
Decembrius, Angelus  13. z; * I6.  3, 
Decorum z4- 4 
Dee, John *63. S 
« Defalced"  9 o. 4 
Deloney, T. "zz7. 32; *225.23- 7 

3  8 Index 

Dcmetrius Phalereus 113. zo 
Democritus 149. z 5 
Demosthenes 113 . z7; 116. 3, 5, Zl; 
12 3 . zo; zoz. 1 
«Dcus est, cul nihil deest" lO4.. 9 
« Dic quot quadrantes,' &c. 174.. g 
'Dictum et ictum' *szo. 33 
Dido 15o. zÇ; zo6. z7 
Diego, Don *ZOl. zo 
Dier (see Dyer) 
Diet 76.  3z; 77- , o; 78. ; 
86. ; zoL  
Digges, T. zzz. 6; z6.6, z7; 63-4; 
*7S- 3; *z. 3  
Diocles (Greek medical writcr 4th cent. 
..c.)  3z. z 3 
Dodorus Siculus zoo. z 3 
Dogenes 9- 3  
Dogenes Laeius zo. zo 
Dion Cassius z4. z8 
Dion Chsostomus, or Pruseius  o. 8; 
z4. zS; * 33- 3  
Dionysius Halicarnasseus t t 3- t 
Dionysius (= Diony8us) zoo. z t 
Dioscorides Pedacius *t t ç. z (?) *t 
Diseas, treatment of 7- 3o; 9-  I 
'Diuel .. and his Data' *ç. 3 
Domenicu, L. *.  
"Domif' "9 L 4 
Drake, Sir Francis o6.6;  z. zo; 4-- 
z9; 98-  
Drant, T. *73- ; *zL o 
Druids, 9 o. o; zo 4. 7 
Duarenuh F. *zl . zo 
Du Bartas (BartasiusJ, Guil. Salluste 
*36. z7;  37- 33; 6.9,   ; 6z. 7, 
8; 63. t; 68.;*zz.3 
Durandus W.  zz. z8 (see SpeculatorJ 
Dyer, Sir Edward z3. 7; z3z- 3; his 
Mmaçvilis *zt3.  

Eager search of knowledge 189. 9 
Earle, Mr. (Herle) "19o. Zl, z6 
Early rising 93-15; 196.5; 199. 13, 3 z 
'Ebrius arque satur,' &c. 176. t 5 
Education, severity in t94. lZ 
Edward VI 148. 5 
Efl'ect, to be almed at 143.3z; x47.3z; 
148. lZ; 149. Zl; 199.8 
Egnatius *91 . 17; 9z. z; lZZ. z 7 
Ego et ille Af hot so sille," &c. I ç4- z4 

'Eheu, quàm breuibus,' &c. "18o. 
Elect natures 14z. 18 
Èlijah zog. zg; ZlO. 19, Zl 
Eiiot (Eiyot), Sir T. "183. 17 
Elizabeth, Queen lZ3.34; 158. 5, 1: 
ber account of herself 197. 14 
Elizabeth, Queen of Henry Vil z33. 
Elmer (see Aylmer) 
Eloquence to 7. ; 3 
t9z. t, zo; 19. 8; zoz. z4-: power 
EI *Tç-   ; 9 o- 6 
Emblems 97- zz zo. z; 66. 6 
"Epttpa rç àt«paç partT 
Englishmen 9 L 6 
Enoch zoS. 9 
V pbç V *94- 4 
Entelcchia 91-z8; to6. 
Enthusiasts t ! 9- 3 t 
Epictetus lO6. Z8; lZt. 17; t4- 7; 
*198. 4 
Epicurus 149. z5 
Epismi o6scurorum irorum * I z6. 
Epitabium Mdonidis   e. 7 
Equality the cause of test zo 7. 
Erasmu% D. -7; z.o; 6. 
 8. o;  6. 9-4 ; *49- z; 83. 
7; z8. 6; zzz. 9 
Erra Pater 8. 3; *63. % 
Esau  o. z 
Esse Earl of, Robert Devereux 
8; *z3z.  g; Robert ? or Valter? 
Eudromus *9 o. z 7 
Eugenius, Pope 9- 7 
Eunapius 6.9; *z4. z9; 4 o. o; 
*zz7- 4 
Euripides * .zz, *z9; zt. 
Euscopius *   7- 6 
Eusebius ç3- 6 
Eutrapelus *4.]; z.l; 34. z7; 
E¢idence, legal 85.  
Evilmerodach zo 7. 8 
Excellence in trifles discouraged 9. 
Exercise 93-3; 8o. 6; 8z.8 
Experience, the best teacher 
Eyesight 8. z; Sz.  


Faber, j. Z l 3" 1 
Farnese, Alexander, Prince of Parma 
91-3o; 38 . 33 
'Fast bynd, fast fynd" *88. zt; 174. et 

Index 319 

Faus, John fo 9. 3t 
Fedinando of çodova "9o. 
z z 9. z4 
Feo 96. z 9 
Fernclius J. *3z. 18 
Ficinus, M. *o$. 3o 
' Fier will ot'  5 "   
Finchlus (Thomas Finkius} *z . 
F/re zoo. o 
'First he, & they,' &c. 74- o 
Fisheh John, Bishop of Rochester" 
Flatery 36. zS 9 z. zT, 3o 
zoo. 3z 
Fletcher, John *z4. z 7 
Flora *o6. 8 
Floravantus (Fioravanti) *   9- z5 
6, z4, 3i 3z- 9; z°5- 8 
Florence  9 z. zz: its Academy *  z 
Flour«s of Pbilo,opbie (Iqat's) *99- 
Foprth, j. 88-zo 3 
Fortius *9. zz, 3z zo.4; 
56.8/ 9 z.  
Fracastorius, Hieron. *6z. 6 
Fraunce, Abraham 68.34; 
Freigius, j. T. *46. 8; *64. 9; 
7,z9i 85.33 88.   n. *95- 
zoo. o-z;*zo3.o;z. 7 
French, the 48. zS; 9 . z6 
French advocate, the *9 o. 4; 
Friends zo 3. 8 
Frontinus, Sextus Julius  7- 3z; *z 
'Fuge  moroso,' &c. 76. 9 
Fulke, Dr. W. *4o.   


Gager, William *z33.7 
Galen5. z6; z3-4; t3'-z; 5-7; 
*$$.z;*zo4.z;*zo 9. tç;*z. , 
Gandlnus M.A. * 9- zS; zz. z5 
Garcoeus, j. *zt;. rg 
Gardiner John t85.zt *t86. z6 
Gardiner, Stephen, Bishopof Winchester 
fo6. rg; to9.6; t2z. tt; t49. tS; 
Gascolgne» G. 6573. ; *z3z. 9: 
his moral reformation  89. z4 
Gaudent breuitate moderni' *7 o. z 3 
Gauricus L. *zz.  
Gemm R. (Frisius) *zz.  5; *z g. 9 
Genesis zoo, 9 
Geoffrey of Monmouth *zo 9.  
Germans z9 . z7 

Germany the hlve of nations 206. 8 
Gesner, C. s z 5. t o, z4; * s 3 s. s 8 (ca||ed 
Euonymus) z9; 6. tç 
Gilbert, Sir H umphrey 9 - z4;   z. z 7 ; 
tzo. ; tzt. zo 
tGiue me footing, & I wil| finde elbow 
roome' t37. 4 
Goblerus, j. *sg. 34 
Gold, power of to8. t 
Golding, Arthur *z  t. 3 t 
Gorgon tS3.3, 3z t54. t 
Gothofredus (D. Godefmi) *t4-5- 34; 
Goulding (see Golding) 
Gout t$ 7. tz 
Gower, John zz6. fS; Z3l. 2 
Grafton, R. t74-3 ° 
'Gratla fit pluris," &c. *t4g. 3z; t8o. 3o 
'Gratla magnatum,' &c. *t35- z3 
Gray of Wilton, Lord $9- z6 
Greek as an educational subject t t t. 4; 
Gregorius, Petrus 178.9 (?); "155-ç 
Gregory the Great, Pope t t 8. t ; t : t. t $ 
Gribaldus, M. *t86. zz 
'Grose meate enowgh,' &c. zot. t 
Guazzo, S. t88. t 
Guevara, A. de *tzo. tf; t38. zo; t4o. 
Guiana *t37- 3 
Gnicclardini, F. t z t. z 3 
G,ns, invention of fo 9. zo, 34 


Haddon, Walter *t t t. 8, *toi *t 35.6; 
'Hoec sunt Cambrisoe,' &c. t75- t_ç 
'Hoec sunt Elioe; &c. 
'Hœec sunt Hullina,' &c. 
Hakluyt R. *tzz. 6; *z33. 7 
Half-learned, the 
Hall, j. *19s. 
Hammond Dr. J. *96. z 
Hannibal (Annibal) "9 z. 3z; t94. 34; 
Hariot (Harriott), T. 
Harrlson, Mr., of Radwynter t 14. I9 
Harvey, Gabriel, hls confessions of 
failure to6.8; lSt. z7;  56. 33i t87- 
z9: his Cambridge proctorship o 7. 
4: his Oxford Acts o 7. 7: Reader 
in Rhetoric at Cambridge t$.z: 
cares only for the grcatest minds  zo. 
 t : his reading se 7. s6: his reading 
for a week 3ç. o; 4. 33: his 

3 OE o Index 

principles & Machiavelli's 15o.   : 
hls reformation of English verse 69. 
lO: takcs part in a disputation 
z : inability to take wine 85. 3o: 
wit-combat with Dr. Kennall 191.7 : 
his Ciceronianus 216. zo-219. 6; zzo. 
1 : his Smitbus» d lllusarum Lacbrymoe 
219- *3; ZZl. 3: his Gratulationum 
2 9 n. 
Harvey, Dr. Henry *89. 34 
Harvey, John (Gabriet's father) 
154. 21 
Harvey, John (brother to Gabriel) 91. 1 
Harvey, Mrs. John (Gabriel's mother) 
93- '5 
Harvey, Richard (brother to Gabriel) 
19o. lO 
Harvey, Robert "186. 26; 19o. 6 
Hatcher, Thomas *z,6.6, *zO-Zl 9. 6 
Hatton, Sir Christopher ,66. 16 
« He is rlghtly nca h' &c. ZOl. 
'He that is afrayd of euery starting 
grasse,' &c. * 19 z. I z 
'He that will thryu%' &c. "1o2. 
Health, study of 118.6 
Heart, regimen for the *$z. 29 
Hcnningus "146. S 
Henry VIII 221.33 
Hercules 94- 27 ; 97-4 * 49- 26; 
zo 7. zz 
Heresbachius, C. "149- 13; 183- 17; 
2||. 8 
Herle (see Earle) 
Hermes Trismegistus ** 2.2ç; ,6_-. 9; 
2o8. t2, I6; 224.22 
Herodianus   5- 23    6.  
Herodotus 112.18, 23; lZ 4. 26 
Heroic natures ! ! 9. 21 
Hesiod t z6. z 
Hesse Landgrave of *94. zç 
Heurnius, Job. (medical writer at Ley- 
den, I543-I6O1 ) 131.17; I3-. 19 
Heywood%John t I 3" 6; tzz. 3; zz6. I9; 
231" 3; *232"9; 234- lZ 
Hierocles *231.24 
Hippoerates 1*5.26; "13|. 3; 132-24 
Historians 294.24 
' Hoby" (hobby} *'94-17 
'Hoc age' *lZ*.z; 125.4; 136. z 4 
CHoc lege quod possis,' &c. *126.18 
« Hodie mihi, cras tibi' "176. 6 
Holofernes 9 z. 3 z 
Homer I I.o 5, 17; 115" |8,.I ; 119. II, 
I 3, 14" 19; 137" 32; 140" 30 149" 32; 
,68. *z; |95. I5; .2I. I8 
«Homo,' its etymology *III. 
«Honores mutant mores" *i38. 9 

Hopperus, J. 181.8, 29; 184.4; |8 5. 
31: notes in his book, |75-87 
Horace |52.3;*68.18; I87. zo;231.3o 
Horsemanship 194. 15 
Hortensius *Zl 8. 34 
Hour of thc day in poets 16o. I ç 
Huarte, J. 137. 29 
Hubert, --, *9 o. 32 
Huggelius (j. j. Hugkcl) i27.26 
Hull 175.16 
Hu|sius, Levinus *zt 3-t 3 
Humidum radicale "176. 16 
Humphrey (Humfry), Dr. Laurence 
Hutten, von, U. *t t 3- 7 
Hyperbolical style I -4- 6 
]"]rr/g/$ .5ollr/$ I 12.7 

' I cannot lyue with thankes' 137.24 
' I will be thine, quoth she,' &c. 174. 15 
'II pensare non importa,' &c. 193.14 
Imitation of style   7- t 9;  t 8.  o 
«In diebus i||i" *62.29 
'In uno Coesare rouit; Marij' *48. 32 
lndian Gymnosophistoe zo 4. i6 
Industry |53. I6; i93. t6 
'Inualescunt otan;a, prout animantur' 
Iphicrates "115. IO 
lrony 138. t; I39. ; 14o. 6; 143. I3 
lsocrates I 5. o n; 124. 31+ 127. 24; 
*I9I. .o 
lt is euer merriest at y yeares ende,' 
ltalianate Englishmen 66.28 
ltalians, the 148.25; 9 . 23, z 5 

Jacob 150. . | 
Jacob's staff *zo8. 26 
James vI of Scotland and I of England 
* t74.. 24.; *z3t. 9 
Jerome (Hicronymus) 118. 30 
Jests 114". 5 
Jewel, Bishop lZO. lZ; *lZZ. z 
Jewsh religion parent of ail others 
zo4. = 5 
Jews zo4. tS zo 5. 3i ; zo6. 3:their arts 
zoS. 4 
Joab 89. I 


Joachimus, Georg. (Rhoeticus) "213- 22 
Joan of Arc 9 ° . 19; 92 . !; 96 . 25 
Job 215. 14 
John, St. zI 5. zo 
John de Indagine "163. 19 
Jornandes *206. IO 
Joseph, son of Jacob zo 3. 31; zo 9. I 
Josephus zo 5. zo, 25 
jovius, Paulus "195.1, z; 218. 11 
Judith 9 z. 31 
J,lianus 116. 11; "124.29 
julio (Uorgarucci), Dr. "158. 15 
Julius II, Pope 121. 18, 2 
Justinian 184. 4 
Justinus 127.3o; 195. 3 
Juvenal 1 lO. lO; 187. 20 

Kennall (Kenoll) Dr. j. "191.7 
Kins, Books 0f93. 21; 95- 7 
King's College, Cambridge z 18.31 
Knowledge of the world, need of 147. 
17, 20, 29; 187 . 5; 189- I 
[oran, the 185. 14 
Kynvin, Mr. 21 .29; 22.8 

Lacedoemonians 9 o. 8; 145.21 ; 205 26 
Lactantius  17. 34 
Lad)' at court, a 19o. Io 
' Loeditur in dune,' &c. "Io6. zç 
Lais "Io6.15 
Lamia "Io6. I$ 
Lan¢ton (Chr. Langton) * x 77- 11 ; * I gT. 
Languages in iux 207. I 
Latin prose-writers 117. 24 
Law ! 84. 3 ! ; 186. Io : law as a profession 
166. 12; 18o. 3o; 184. 16: principles 
of, to be thoroughl)' known 95- 2; 
146. 15 179.19:most tseful partsof, 
!o 9. i : necessary to a statesman 
15; 183- 7 
Laws adapted to different countrles and 
constitutlons 82. I; 183. 31 
Lawyers, hot courtiers enotgh 196. 32 
Lea Mr. "127. 34 
Learning by heart 111.17; 112. 33 
Learning by teaching 144- 15; 18o. 3 
Learning must be thorough 146.24; 
151. I; 54- 16: must be progressive 
Learning without stu,y I ç I. 4 

'Legem pone' "146. 15 
Legge, Thomas 214- 27 
Leicester, Earl of (Rob. Dudley) I 23- 33 
Lemnius, L. *t3x. 16 
Le Roy, L. (sec Regius) 
Leuinus, G. (sec Lewin, W.) 
Lewin, William *2 ! 8.23 ; 22o (ail); 220.. 
32 n 
Lhuyd (Floyd) H. 164. 16, 2 
Libanius 116. 2 
Lidgate (sec Lydgate) 
Life is warfare 147. 31 
Lire is work 14.8. I 
Life of obscurity, hot life, 152.1 
Lily, Georgc 21g. 12 
Linacre, Thomas (I 46o- 1524) * 218. a _" 
Lipsius, J. "156. 31 
Livy, I 2. 18; 117.28; 134. 2o; 194. 4 
' Localise' "I 38. z 7 
Longevity 13o. 24 
Longolius "1 t 9. 27 
'Looue me Litle,' &c. "187. 25 
' Looue will crcepc,' &c. "191.6 
Lopez (Lol, us), Dr. R. "158. ç 
Louis XI 19ç. 4 
Louius (Lowc, P. ?) (medic. rier) 
Lucan 162. 5 
Lucar, C. "212. 2 
Lucian 112.8; 115o 22 ; I16. 3, IO; 124. 
3o; 149. zç;151. 9; *157.11; 168.6 
Lud zo6. i 
Ludovicus Pontanus, Protonotarius 
• 146. lZ, 16; 179.26 
Luke, $t. Zl 5. 12, 25 
Lupton, T. *I3L 16, zç; 274-. 3 
Luther i19.23, 34; IZI-19; 156-9 
Lycosthcnes, C. "14 I. 6 
Lycurgus 9o. 9; 145. g; lg 3. 27 
Lydgate, J. 59- 14-, 25; 16o. 12, 29, 32; 
162. 28; 226. 19; 22g. 30; 230. io, 
29; 231. z; 232. z, te 
LTing sometlmes justifiable I t g. 3o 


Machiavelli, N. 9 o. 24; *94- 30; 96. I -; 
ig. 34; 119.2ç; IZi. 2o; 122. 26; 
147.2o » 22, 24; 14g. 15; *149. 12; 
150.11 ; 153.12 ; 156.10 ; 18 3. 19; 
195. g, 16; "2Ol. 23; 2o 9. 32 n; 221. 
Macrobius 205. 27 
Madness, a divine *fo 5. 29; 21.16 
Moestlinus, M. astronomical writer, c. 

3 ŒEE 2 Index 

Magie t38. 5; zo8. 3: magicians and 
magic in poets 16o. z 1 
Maginus, j. A. *Zl 3. z 3 
' Magistratus ostcndit virum' * 36. z 9 
Mahomct 97- 7 
' Major cnim Medijs gratia,' &c. * 153- 4 
Man of action, thc 87. , ; 9 z. 9; 94- 
lOS. 31; o6.9; lO7. Zl ; l.zo 
Manilius 16z. 5 
Manliu% J. "195. zo 
Manutius, Paulus t6. 18 i z18. 7 
Maranta, R. "181.18 
Marccllus, M. Claudius *t49- lO 
Marcius, T. [L.] "93. z5 
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (see An- 
Maria Puteolana *9z. '7 
Marius, C. "1o 7. 3o; *48.3z; , ç6. z7; 
196. z, z 7 
Marot C.  6z. 17 
Martial , o. o 
Mary, Qucen of Scots 91. z6 
Masinissa *93- 9 
Matthew, Dr. Toby "15o. z$ 
M:,tthiolu$ (Pietro Andrea Mattioli, 
botanis% 5OO-lç77. He wrnte on 
Dioscorides. Ooera, Basel , 598) t 3 
'7, 3'; 3 TM 
'May Iooue askc leaue, and haue leaue .' 
91- 5 
Maxims 99- 4 
Means of worldly advancement 189. 1 
19o. 16 
IqOv a,'ajaoll'OC *o5. 30; 
79. o 
Medical art and Nature 128.  t 
Mcdical treatises  3. IO 
'Medicc cura teipsum' "130. 32; 139. 
; 15Z-6 
Megalandri ('great men') *t9-32; 
zo. z9; ,z. 3,; ,zz. 8 
Mcier, Albert "173. z, 13 
Mclanchnly denounced 4]- ç, 9; 14ç. 
3; '49-3°; 154-1°: dict for 
melancholy men to be avoidcd ,76. 
Melancthon, P. 116. 18; z15. 11 
Memory 147.5; 177. Z7; 184.29 
Menander 118. 32 
Menelaus i 19- 13 
Mercator, G. *195.14 
Mercury $9. z; 49- 4; *'93- 17, 
• z9; zo$. 17 
Merlin zo 9. 4 
Metellus (J. Metal), *zo4. z 9 
Metellus Celer "156. z 9 
Mcthodius *zo6. 9 

Migrations of peoples zos. ]o; zo6. 3, 
8, 17 
Mildmay Sir Waltcr z z I. l--ç 23" 7 ; 221 • 
Mirandula, Giov. Pico *zzz. 9; z34- 1 
Mirror for Magisrrates *228. 17 
uo'ff, o'oq,o'r)l, «.r.),. *,41. 
Mizaldu% A. 131. 6; *6z. 6 
Modern writcrs supcrficial 17.8.4 
Monosyllables in English 115- 13; 169- 
Month the 164 . z 9 
More, Sir Thomas  13. 3z; "1 
20-8; , 19. 24; 122. 2, IO; I 55" 25; 
197. 32; 2o2. 16; 218.16; *2J2. 
• z33. Zl-Z34. 14 
Mnre's Prognosticatioa  75. 1 
«Mortui non mordent' zo. 3 
'Moru%' a mulber' its ctymology 
 39- 3 
Mnschus   z. 6 
M-ses 89. 6 i 97- 6 i  8 . 9; zo ]. z ç, ]  ; 
7, "8 
Mountjoy, Lord (Charles Blount) 
Mulcaster, Rd. "147. IO*12. *1. 
2; *1 7. 22 
'Multa nouit vulpes,' &c. "1o6. 2o 
' Multitudo Imperatorum,' &c. *  . z8 
'Multorum manibus grande Icuatur 
onus" 203. 8 
Munstcr (Mucnster), Seb. *z2.34 
Mynsyngerus, J. *19ç. 17 
M).repsus, N. 32. z 


Nanniu% Petrus *z 7. 33; ZlS. z, 5 
NapIcs t74- ', z 
Natura Breuium 18 I. 5 
'(Natura) nihil facit frustra' *lZ8. IZ 
• Ne Hercules quidem contr. duo$" *94- 
27; 186. 30 
Ne me cure% vt bubulcum' &c. "1 
'Ne quid nimi$' *176 z] 
Neander, M. "119. 3z; "164. 7 
Nebuchadnezzar (Nabogdonosor) zo 7. $ 
Necham, Alex. (, 157-,z,7) Zl 7. 14 
Nestor I I I. 14; ZOZ. 4 
Niger Stephanus (St. Negri) *zSi. z 4 
'Nimia omnia nimium' &c. "179. 13 
Nimrod zo6. 5 
'No fisshing to y" Sea,' &c. *4 z. 3 

In&x 3 2 3 

"No such Honorable Scal,' &c. zoo. 28 
Noah 203. 30; 205. 19, 30: Noah's ark 
205- 4 
« Non çt vwr% d valrç vta" *  7 -   
«Non.. donu.. audor' *lzo.  
« Non muR% sd multum' *  6.  
«Non vni sd culpa bbnt' * . 6 
Northumberland Duke of I z2. i 2 ] 141. 
Nosce teipsum' * 30. 3z 


Occleve, Thomas z3. z 
Odofredus *46. 5 
Offusius, J,oh. Franc. *z 3. z2 
*2o. 33 
Olaus Magnus *zo6.   
Oliveto [-otto] *96. 3 o 
Omn in Coesare Manes' *34-  3 
«Omnia, quoe curant» etiam senes memi- 
nerunt' 47- 5 
'Omnigatherum' * 38. 7 
'On Iron in y" fycr atonce' *94- z4 
One, from the Many to the 84- 8 
One teachcr to one pupil   . 9 
One thing at a time 94. z4; 95-z6i 
z.i 4z.7; 47 -8, ol 67-7; 
86. 9 
Opportunism  5 L z 5 
Opportunity to be seized  43- z9i  88. z 4 
Opposition to the poerful discouraged 
Orator, the perfcct tz 3. t t 
Oribasius (c. 3z5-4oo, medical writer) 
Orpheus  $6. 8; zo 7. z 3 
Osorius *9- ZTi 35-7i *49- 
83- 7; z9.  
Osyris zoS.  8 
«Oua recentia,' &c. *76. 4 
Ovid 6z. 5; 87. 9i 93- z31 z3L 3 
Oen, John *z33.8 
Oxford  9 L 7 


Papinianus, Aemiliu+ (Roman jurlst of 
3rd cent. ^.».) 8o. 3 
Papirius Cursor, L. (dictator in 3z5 and 
309 a.c.) t 56. z8 
«Par est fortuna labori' *SL z6 
Paracelsus 9. z4, 34i z. 9; 3 
6, z, 30; 55-7 
«Parca manu%' &c. *176. "4 
« Parcus vesccndo,' &c. "2o2. 1 z 
Parma (sec Farnese) 
Patriarchal rule 2o 7. o 
Patrltlu% F. *49- 3; 83- 7 
Patrons to be sought t 9 o. 3  
Paul, St. *2o7.3o 
Paulus Diaconus *2o6. o 
Pegasus 49- 3 
Pelasgi 2o6.3 
Pembrokc ltail, Cambridge  32. 3 
Pentatcuch, hcroic hlstory 203.  S : its 
truth attackcd 2o4.  : its probltms 
2o4. 8 
Perfection o bc aimed at zo. 4 
Perne, Dr. Andrew * 38 . z6  39, 
zo; 4o. 6 
Pcrottus, N. *11 z. z 
Persian Magi zo 4.  g 
Perspicuity of style   . g 
Pctrarch *5. zg 6z. 2; 68.9 
*z3z. 12 
Petronianus Valcrius "9 o. z 7 
Petrus Hispnus (mcdical writcr, died 
z77) 131. 17; 3 z- 2 
Phaer, Thomas 17o. zo; "2z6. 19; 
*z3t. 4, *z9 
Philip of Macedon t4 z. zo 
Phillip, Dr. (B. FeIippe) *t54- t4 
Philo Judoeus, *zo 4. 3z; zo 9. t4; 
3,5 n. 
Philostratus, Fiavius  6. 8; 24. 29; 
*66. z6; *zz 7. 34 
Phiiostratus thc Lemnian t z 4. z 9 
«Plu oitra' 5- 3; z3°- zz 
Place to bc considered zoL z 3 
Plat, Sir H. 99.4 n 
Piato 5. z5; 6.4; z4. z4; 48.34; 
56.6; g6. zS; 97-33; z°4- 
23; 209. o 
Plautus  t z. t z 
' Play wltb. me and hurt me hot' * 
 Pleroboria' * zo$. 8 
Piiny the cirier ! !o. 8; t tT- 30; 
36. z (.); zos. z6; *209. o, *5 
Plin the younger IIO. 8, tz !! 

324 naex 

"Piuribus intcnsus," &c. * 186. 17 
Plutarch tto. S i IIç. Z4i 
iz 5. z; 36. zo; 37- ]zi ]. zo; 
14Z. 16 
'Poço fa, çhi à se non gioua" *t4o. 
Pocts Grcck and Latin suitable for 
boys t z z. 5 
Poetry 9- ]t 
Pole, Reginald *zzS. 8 
Politian (Angelo Poliziano) *z;z. z5 
Polyoenus z z 4. 3o 
Polybus *z 3z. z] 
Pompeius Magnus 3]- z4i 34- ; 
Pomponius Loetus, Julius 
Pondcr (Dr. W. Butler's cousin) 
Pontanus j. Jovianus 
zz;'z6z.6; z63.z 
Pontanub Ludoviçus, Protonotarius 
• z46. zz, z6; z79-z6 
'Poor shake' *z67. z 3 
Pope Joan 9 z. o n. 
PopuIatity-hunting zoT- 
z45- 3 o 
Porta Baptita *z]z. z6 
Pottius {sç. . Porcius Latro) "117. 
Possession and possibility  54- z 8 
Powlton (sec Pulton) 
' Praçtiçe mes perfeçt' z 88.  6; zoo. 6 
Peachers zoz. 1 
'Prest' *z9]- 9 
Presto Thos. * z 9 o. z z 
Pride in oneself z 94- z 8 
Prince, the truc z97- z 
' Prindpzum, dimidium Totius' *89.  9 
 ]7.  3 (sec opXt .r..) 
' Prindpium lauda' &ç. *z76. 
Printing, invention of zo 9. 
Prooereius * z 56.8 
' Probatio ad SoIem' *95- 
Proeuus Satba z46. 4 
Promie-breakers z 88. zz 
Promptnessof mind 4-z; 18.3; 
Proverbial verses &ç. zoz.4; oz. 
z74.8; z75.6, zo, zz, zj, 7; z76- 
z,8; 88.6; z9 .z9; 
Ptisane z z 9. z z ; z 30. 3 
Ptolemy zz]. z: his Compost *6]. 6, 
Pulton, F. *zSz.6 
Pyrrhus z89. z z7 
Pythagora 9 o. 9; z 5;- 
Pythagoreans zoS. 7i zzo. 

"Quoe non obsunt»' &c. (quoted by 
Burton, .lnat. t. z, ff, 7 ad.jn.) tzS. 
Qualities conduci,e to succcss I $$. IO 
"Quiçquid agin» prudenter agah at 
resfice Finem" *76. 8 
Quicquid ent in D:o ent Deus' 48. z7 
'Quiçquid uult, valdë wdt" (Cœesar of 
Brutu% quicquid olet» vatde volet," 
'Quid nini seçretoe,' &ç. *  t. zz 
«Quid uerba audia' &ç. 97-  ] 
'Quicsere omnia ad rectos angulos' 
zos- ; zo7.   
Quintilianu M. Fabius  o. 75  z. 
7 3. o» z zS; I 7. 7 zgi 
s 9. zz; z¢. 9, z5; szs. o, 16 i 
t22. 22 24: his ltituon t Io. 
114.6 ç l]. 1,26: his style 
'QuO melins, e6 pejus' "195.31 
'Quotidie dupIica vires,' &c. * zoo. to 


Rabelai% F. * I 19- zSi 1 9- z] 
ILadinter (near Saffron Walden) t t 4-t 9 
Rzeuardus {j. Raewaerd, a Belgianjunt, 
514-68) 84. z 
Raleigh, Sir W. z3.7: couplet on his 
naine *7t-9: his C.rntbia *z35.  
Ramus, P.(P. la Ramée) 111.9; 19. 
z3; tz3. z; t49. t7; t55.8; *t56. 
16; *t94,.3z; *t95. rg, z4; zo4.6 ; 
zo 5. $; zo7. t6; zoS. z9; z-z. z 9 
Ranzovius» H. * 13 I. z  ; z t 3- z4 
Rapidity of learning 89-  3; 9 °-  3 ;   9- 5 
Read, John *z|z. 3» 7 
Reasoa the mark of man zoz. $ 
Record, R. *95. z4 
Redundance, natural to bo)'s   z. 3o 
Regis ad exemplum" &c. *zoz.  
Regius, Ludovicus (L. Le Ro),) *zz 3. 4 
Reinhold» E. *z  $.  7 
Religion» its value to a state " zo 9. 3 z 
Religions unstable zo 7. 5 
 Repeal ' *zoo. z 9 
'Res age quoe prosunt.," &c. *87. z i 
x95.3 z 
Resolution needed t9z. 6, t$ 
Reynolds, John *ztz. 3 
Rhoeticus (see Joachimus) 
Rhetoric 4. z6 i 6. z8; t9-  
R!chard I 56. z 9 

Index 3 OE 5 

Right anglea, al t|,ings rt»t al. zo 5. 3; 
zo7. ! 7 
Robin Goodfcllow *, 51. t t 
Rodolphua (sce Agricola) 
Rog«ros flying horsc "9- 17 
149. lo i 207. 19 
Rome  84. 7 
Ronsard V. de  61.  8 
Roelettu Comu z  9- z  andfootnou 
Rufinu h L. *zo9.  7 
' Rutica gen et,' &c. 

Sacro Boaco, J. de *z, 3. , 
Sadoletus j. *,, 9- z6; z, $. 8 n., 9 
'Soepe rogae,' &c. "18o. 3 
Saflon Walden 12 5. 13; 1]5. 17, Z 7 
Sallust !16. l] 117. ZTi *ll.  194. 
Sanat» doctificat, dira, quoque,' &c. 
"9$" 6 
Sannazaro *145.! i 155. z 4 
Saturnus o$.   
'Scabbida facta pccus»' &c. *18. 19 
Scheack» Martitx "9 . o 
Sclence chier matcrs of 195- I  
'Scientia non habet inimicun b' c. 
Scipi% P. Çorn. Afric. ajor *44- ' ; 
! 94- $4 
Scipio, P. Corn. Africanua Miaor "9- 4; 
4. B;'194.16 
5cipio Calvua Ch. Cors. zl 4. 8 
Scipio the two 9- 27 
Scriboiua, Gui. A. *zol.  
Scdunum (Sion) Cardinal of * ! z l. z , z 7 
Seize the moment 199. o 
Self-abaaement for an end 9 l. 17 
Self-confidence !o. !  
Sclf-interest to b¢ aought B8.6; !o6. 
ll o8.17 200. 3 ! 
Self-marie mon 196. zi 198. 4 
Semnothei *2o 4. t7 
' 5emper nocuit differrc paratis' * 179- I z 
Sen¢ca "95.'91 !°-21 ''7-29; '- 
'Sera quidem sed seria' (Burton, a. 
n. 3, 7 : «aero aed aerio')   7.6 
Serve the atate o6.  
Severu Alezander * o7. o 
Sforza *zz. 71 56- 17 
Shakesçeare» W. 31.17 13. 4 
Sheba (Saba) the Queen of  5o. zz 
Sbepberds Kalendar * 16]. ! 5 24 

"Si tibi dcficiant mcd,ci," &c. *,76. , 
'Si vis amari, ama' *95. t9 
Sidney, Sir Philip (Astrophel) Izz. 
161. 30;, 68. z,, 34; * ' 69- 8, , ,, , 9, 
• Z,; *17o. !o  18 i 2Z6.23; 
232. 15, 17 
Sidonlus Apollinais , 15. z 
Sigoniua C. Zl !. I; "18. 7 
Silius Italicus , lO. ,o 
Silvester (sec Sylvcsttr) 
Simlcrus, Josias ,15. ,9; ,b,. ;4 
Simon, brothcr of St. Jan,es *«, ,. 
Simplicius zo4. 1 
Siren '53- 3, 32; 154" ' 
Skelton» j. ! 54. zz 
Skoggin ! 54- zz 
Skynke (sec Schenck) 
Slavery instituted zo 5. z 5 
Smith, Sir Thoma ! 19. 13; Izz. 
4; ' 39- 16; '49- 14'!79- '7; *'97- 
32; ,98. , ; *2, 4 . zS;z, 5-9; 2,8.24; 
12,.3-z13.7; 122.17 ,.; 213. ,6 
8rai,bus (Harvey's poem) *12,. 3 
Smyth, William , 94- ' 6 
Socrates 90.9; ,15.31 ; ,25.6; ,48.8; 
'49. t7; '51-8; 155-24; '83-17; 
184. 11 ; zo3.29 
'Sola mors, uttima liuea' 188.18 
Solomon (Salomon) ,5 ° . 22; ,52. ,; 
192.6;zl 5. 13 
Sophocl¢s , ! 5" zz 
Sordello *, 07. ! o 
Spaniards, the ,48. 26; 2,o. 33 
Speak well or do well , 57-2 
Spccu|ator (sc. Gu|. Durandus) *9 6. , 7 ; 
148" '5; '95" 17 
Specd in actiot 148.34 
Spcght, Thomas zzS-z34; zz6. 16 
Spenser, E. !:. 3;'61- 8; ,6,-.3zi ,6b. 
zl, 34 169- $, !,, '9; '7 °. z; *'73- 
18 ('Episcopi Rofii:nsis Secretarij'); 
z 3 !. 4; z3z. ' 6; z 33.3 : hls archaisms 
169. z71 17o. 6 
Spirit, men of 15o. o 154.6; t56. 7 
Spiritus exsultan h' &c. ! 76. z, 
Spite (Spight), T. "!86. z6 
Spring described by poets ! 59-z,  ! 0,. 
Statius, Achi}}es (Portuguese scholar, 
! 5z4-$,) z,7. 33 
Stella Arruntius , 1o. !o 
Stoic impassivlt ! 98. zz 
• Stoouer' * ! 99- 3 ° 
Strachey, Mrs. "! 39. 34 
Strassburg (Argentina) ! 3o. 26 
Strozza, Pandolphus z, 9- ' o and 
Study after meals 177.8 

3 2 6 Index 

Stukeley (Stewldy), Thos. "141.29; 
198- 33 
Sturmius, j. "119 . 27; "183 . x8 
Style 115.  157. 8 
Success, the way to attain 196.4; 
200. lO; 202. x2 
Suetonius 11o. 7; lt7. 31; 121.17; 179. 
]2; 18]. 12; 195. lO 
Sulla (Sylla) 148. 32; 196.2 
'Sunday wordes: & Satterda" cheere' 
' Surgcrc man clt6,' &c.*9 - 17; 176. 11 
Surrcy, Earl of, Henry Howard 231.  
Surrcy, Earl of» Philip Howard (after- 
wards Earl of Arundel) * 137. z 1, 27 
'Sustlne et abstine" "1o6. z 9 
'Sylva tenet Leporem,' &c. * 14. 3 
Sylvcster, Joshuah *z 31.5 ; 233" 4 


Tac;tus 1o. 8; aa3. z4; 117.28; lai. 
17; 122.28; 
Tamburlaine lO 9. 23 
Tanner, Robert *a73- 
'Tant; cris alijs,' &c. *o 7. 34 
Tasso t2o. tz i t6z. t 3; t68. o i *232. 
Temperance 87. 25; 9 
83.;88.26 89.3 o 
Tcrence 2. t i 6. 
Textor, Ravis;us *z z z. 9; *z6z. 33 
«The enemy to the stomach," &c. * z 7 z-9 
'The glosse oftentymes marrcth the 
Tcxt' 236. 3 z 
Theophrastus z  5. 
Theory and practice z 56. 24 
Theseus z $4.5 
Thomas, Ravennas {quoted by Burton, 
«inat. . z, 3 ad. fin. as 'Thomas 
Philol. Ravennas') *zz 
Thomas, Will. *zz 4. 
Tbosand notable tbings z 74- t z {ses 
Lupton ztz. x6 
Thucydides  z 5- 23; 
Thurgood {B. Thorogood ?) * z 86. 26 
Tiberius x43- 24 
Tibullus 87. 29 
Trallianus, Alex. (ff. o 
Travellers zoo. 3oi zo6. 
Tf;bon;anus {one of the sixteen jurists 
commissioned by Justinian to compile 
the Digest) xSo. 3 z 
Trickery 89. 8 
Tf;gon, a Fiery *xo6. zz, 33 

Trinity Hall, Cambridge 134. 18,22; 
x76. 26; x85. 19 
Trismeglstus (ses Hcrmes) 
Troans 206. ! z 
Tropes in verse 169. 23 
Tucco of Florence x92. 22 
Turks 185 . 14; 95- x 
Turler, Jerome 173. 15-174. 4 
TurnePs Hcrbal * 1 to. 19 
Turner, Tom "139. 18 
Tzetzes, j. (Greek post and grammarian, 
c. 1150 ^.o.) 124. 28 


"Ubi amor, ;bi oculus' "137.5 
'Ubi ulcus, ;bi nlanus' "137. 4 
'Ultra posse, non est esse' (quuted 
Pedanttus 2672 , Tbree Lad;es of Lon- 
don» Hazlitt-Dodsley w. 288» &c.} 
*118. 4 
Ulysses 118. 34; 119. 1  ; 121.27; 148. 
18; 189. 6; 202.4; 221. 18 
'Un raro assai Fiu," &c. 137.23; 233. 
Unconcern about other peoples" affairs 
Undcrhill, Dr. (of Oxford) "156. 21 
'Undcrlie" *x97.7 
Unlearned men commonly reputed 
clcvcr 11t. 5 
Unpractical lcarning 147- 16; 49- lO; 
151-14; 152-4; 187-z; 199. lO, 
24, 29 
Urine as a means of diagnosis  z 9. 1; 
180. z 4 
Use and abuse 113.16 
'Vse Legges, and haue Legges' 188. 20 
Use rnen for 'our own ends 151.7 
Usurcrs ! 37- 9 
Utopia--authors read there 115- 20 
Utopias 197. 32 


Valet;us Maximus ! 17. 28 "172. 
Valerius Petroninus e9 o. z 7 
Vall, Georgius *ZOl. x4 
Valla, L. e1o. 28; 12.16; x!3.2 
117 . 15, Zl; 119.5, 22; lZl. IO» 
xzz. 24; xz 3. zx; zx$. 1 
'Varia est sine vit;bus Ira' çlO 7. 6 
Vatsonus (ses Watson) 
Veccherus (ses Wecker) 
Vegetius ix 7. 32 

Index 3z7 

Vcil¢ius Paterculus 117. z$ 
Vergil 11.6, 17, 3; 116. 1; 11.6 
$7- i 9- i z. 9 
Vert çS. z 7 
Vigclius, N. #96. 6; 181. !, 30; 184. 
Vigenèrc B. de zo. z 
'Villa mirctur vulgus..' *z3z. 3t 
Villanovanut (Arn. de Villa Nova) 
Vilsonus (sec Wilson) 
' Vincenti gloria victi' * t 9 z. 5 
'Vit fugiens, denu6 pugnabit' "95- S 
Viralus (sec Virulus) 
Virgil (sec Vergil) 
Virulua, Carolus * St- z 
'Vita vigilia" "9 L zS; zo 9. to 
Vithipolus (sec Wythipoll) 
Vies t tt-9; tz. o; zzz. 9 
Volaterranus (R. Maffejus) *t49. 
Volsoeus (sec Wolsey) 
Vortigern zo 9. 8 
'Vos etenim Juuenes," &c. "9 z. 7 
Vuddus (sec Wood) 


«XVho so boid, as blynde Bayard?" 
"!58.13; 193.6 
Williara the Silent 165. t z 
Williams, Sir Roger (sec D. N. E.) 157. 
6; #165. 16 
Wilson, Thomas I Iç. 8 i *tzz. 5, z9 
Wine 88. 3o; 89. 4: invention of 
z°5. 9 
Winter described by pocts 16o. to 
Wise Masterh the scven * t S I. z 4 
Wit combat al Oxford tgt- 7 
Witching peraonality t9 o. t t  tgt-z8 
Witty writers I 13- z7 
Wolsey, Cardinal o6. I ; Zl. 191 izz. 
iv; t9z. 14; zoz. t6 
Women of courage 9 z.  
Wood, John *ztg. to; *zzz. z7 
Worthies, the nine *97- 5; t5 - zg, z 9 
Writing discouraged 89. z 5  9 °. g; 12 ç. 
4; t43-8; t.t°, 3t;t48.4 
Wythipoll Eartholmew "9  . z4 
Wythipoll, Daniel (M.A. 56) "9 . 
Wythipoll, Edmund *9t-z4 
Wythipoll, Peter (E.C.L. t S7 z] 3) "9 t- 
z4; t85- t9 


'Warme çotions: & whott notions' 
Warner, William *z31- 4; Z3Z" 19; 
Wath, Dr. N. "137.18 
Watson, Thomas (poet) z33. 3: his 
flntigone "166. Zl : his flmyntas *Z3z. 
Wecker, Hans Jac. (Vecchrus) * 131- 
15; 13z. 17 
Welsh, the 14g. z 5 
Whetstone, ., ,terses by * 17 o. 3  ; 171. 
17-173. $ 

Xenophon ! IÇ. 5; I 16. 4i lœe4" 19; 
1, 9; "194- 26; 197. 33; *z°3- 1; 
ZZl. t 9 
York *!74. z9; 175. I 
Zasius, Udalricus 0urist of Freiburg, 
died I 3q) 146" $ 
Zwinger, Th. *141. 5; *173. 7, 33