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Full text of "Galeni Pergamensis De temperamentis, et de inaequali intemperie"

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GALENI PERGAMENSIS j 

DE TEMPERAMENTIS, ET DE ! 

INAEQVALI INTEMPERIE j 

LIBRI TRES j 

THOMA LINACRO ANGLO INTERPRETE.-. 



Opus non medicis modo, fed et philofophis oppido $ neceflariu 
nunc primum prodit in lucem 

CVM GRATIA 
& Priuilegio. 



Reproduced in exac~l Facfimile 



WITH AN INTRODUCTION 



JOSEPH FRANK PAYNE, M.D., F.R.C.P. 

FELLOW ov magdalEn college, oxford 

AND A PORTRAIT OF THOMAS LINACRE 

1T Printtd by C. J. Clay, M.A. Prinitr to tht Univerfity of Cambridgt 

for Alexander Macmillan a*d Robert Bowes, Bookftlltrt 

No. I Trinity Strttt, ovtr againfl Saint Marys Church 

MDCCCLXXXI 



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PUBUSHERS* NOTE. 



THe prcsent reproduction of Linacre's translation of two treatisel 
by Galen is issued as a specimen of early typography, being the 
sixth in order of the seven books printed by John Siberch, the first 
Cambridge printer, in 1521. Besides these seven, one appeared in 
1522, after which date no book is known to have been printed in 
Cambridge till 1584. The books printed by Siberch are all very 
scarce ; of one but a single copy is known, and of three of the books 
there is not a single specimen in Cambridge. Tn 1878, the publishers 
of the present volume proposed to issue the whole of the eight books, 
and the following are now ready, and will shortly be published : 

1. Bullock, Henry. Oratio habita Cantabrigiae. 1521. 

2. Cujufdam fidelis Chriftiani Epiftola ad Chrifhanos omncs. SubCequitur 

et Divi Auguftini de miferia...vibe fermo. 1521. 
8. Papyrii Gcmini Eleatis llermathena, feu de Elaquentiae victoria. 1531, 

Mr Bradshaw, University Librarian, has compared the eight books 
side by side, and has thus been able to determine their relative order. 
He kindly allows his notes to be printed, and they will be issued 
with the first of the above three volumes. 



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4 PUSLISHERS NOTE. 

The Fublishers are desirous of gaining information about the 
printer, John Siberch, before 1521, when he commenced to print in 
Cambridge, and after 1522 when he discontinued printing there. 
Herbert suggests that he may be the john Sibert, who was prinrJng 
at Lyons in 1498, and mcntions a book of that date being in the 
Cambridge University Library. But this book, Henrici Bouhic Dis- 
tinctiones super libros quinque Decretalium, consists of two large 
folio volumes, and the printer calls himself 'Magister Johannes 
Sibertt ;' both of which facts make it unreasonable to identify him 
with the plain Johannes Siberch who printed little books at Cambridge 
80 many years afterwards. 1 

Cambxidgz, fufy 1, 1881, 



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INTRODUCTION. 



|HOMAS LINACRE, known to his contemporaries 
as one.of the most learned scholars of an epoch 
when learning was highly prized, but in after times 
chiefly as the founder of the College of Physicians in 
London, wasborn at Canterbury, probably about the year 1460. 
Of his parentage and" descent notning certain is known, though 
some of his biographers have assumed, apparently without 
any evidence except the name, that he was connected with 
^ the family of Linacre in Derbyshire. It is clear from a 
passage in Linacre's will that he had a brother, sisters, and 
other relatives (the brother strange to say, bearing the same 
baptismal name — Thomas) but further the family history can- 
not be traced. 

This fact will appear less surprising, if we remember that 
Linacre like many scholars of his time, was never married, 
and lived for many years an almost monastic life, little 
influenced by family or social ties. More important than his 
descent was his education, and in this Linacre was unusually 
ftappy; for not a little of the success and eminence of his 



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6 INTRODUCTION. 

after life may be traced to the bias which the young scholar*s 
mind received from his earliest teacher. The Cathedral 
school of Canterbury within the monastery of Christ Church 
where Linacre became a pupil was at that time under the 
direction of William Tilly, otherwise called William of Selling, 
an Augustinian. monk, and a scholar of a type at that time 
rare in England. Originally educated at Oxford, elected a 
Fellow of the newly founded College of All Souls, and after- 
wards received as a monk in the Monastery of Christ Church, 
Canterbury, Selling found the means to travel in Italy, where 
he not only studied the Canon Law, but, what is more tp the 
present purpose, during a stay at Bologna, studied Greek 
and became the pupil of Angelo Politiano. After two years' 
stay in Italy, he returned home, became Prior of Christ 
Church, and later on was sent as Envoy from Henry VII. to 
the papal court; an event which proved of great importance to 
Linacre. At the time of which we are now speaking, he was 
only Master of the Grammar School, whether appointed before 
or after his first jouraey to Italy we do not know. In any 
case it is clear that he had already those tastes and pursuits 
from which his pupil Linacre derived not only his determining 
impulse to the Hfe of a scholar, but especially that love of 
Greek literature which runs like a thread through the great 
physician's life and is the clue to much of his versatUe literary 
activity. 

At the mature age (especially according to the customs of 
the day) of twenty, Linacre was sent to Oxford. At what 
College or Hall he studied is uncertain, though it is assumed, 
on trivial grounds that he must have entered at Canterbury 
Hall. The only fact which is certain is that after four years' 
residence at the University, in 1484, he was elected a fellow 
of All Souls' College. It has fceen .thought by Dr Noble 



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TNTRODUCTION. 7 

Johnson, the best biographer of Linacre, that this election 
must have implied relationship to Archbishop Chichele, the 
founder, and thus also to Selling, assuming that the latter owed 
his preferment also to family connexions. But the entry in 
the College books (which though not contemporary is a copy 
thought to have been made about 1571 of the original record) 
has no indication of his being of founders kin. It is simply 
"Thomas Lynaker, medicus tnstgnis" The omission to specify 
kinship to the founder is regarded by Dr Leighton the 
present Warden of All Souls (he was himself good enough 
to inform me) as decisive that no such kinship existed, and 
the supposition of any family tie between Linacre and 
Chichele or SelHng must therefore be regarded as entirely 
' baseless 1 . 

The time of Linacre's residence at Oxford was one of 
much moment in the history of the' University, already stirred 
by the earliest movements of the revival of learning. The, 
first Oxford printing press was already issuing those few 
volumes, now become so rare, which must have been of 
startling interest to the world of scholars. The study of the 
new learning, Greek, had been introduced by Cornelio Vitali, 
an Italian, said to have been the first teacher of that language 
in England, and it is stated that Linacre became his pupil. At 
the same time he doubtless. formed the acquaintance of two 
scholars who shared his devotion to the 'new learning/ 
WilHam Grocyn and William Latimer, the former of whom 
Qurvived to form part, with Linacre himself, of the brilliant 
circle of Oxford scholars, who a few years later excited the 
admiration of Erasmus. 

But Linacre was soon to have the privilege which he 
must have long coveted, of perfecting his knowledge of 
Greek at what was then the fountain-head of that learning, 



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8 INTRODUCTION. 

in the schools of Italy. The opportunity came through his 
old friend and teacher, WUKam of Selling, who was sent' by 
Henry the Seventh as his envoy to the Papal Court. It is 
not clear that Linacre had any official position in the embassy; 
he accompanied his patron however, as far as Bologna, but 
not in his further journey to Rome. At Bologna Linacre 
is stated by Leland to have been introduced to Angelo 
Politiano, and to have remained there in order to become a 
pupil of this great scholar. His stay in Bologna appears 
to have been short, and we next hear of him at Florence, 
having perhaps followed thither Politiano, who along with 
Demetrius Chalcondylas had now been charged with the 
instruction of the two sons of Lorenzo de Medici, Piero and 
Giovanni. Linacre seems to have been favoured with the 
patronage of Lorenzo, who allowed him to share the in- 
structions given to the young princes. It is not easy to 
understand precisely what was the position Linacre now 
occupied at the Court of Florence, for though his fellow 
pupils were boys and he himself a man of twenty-five and 
already a considerable scholar, he is not spoken of as in any 
sense their tutor. The connexion however must have been 
in after years valuable to him, as the dedication of the' work 
now reprinted clearly shews : the pope Leo the Tenth, being 
the younger of the two Medici princes. It will be evident 
from the dedication itself that the privilege accorded to 
Linacre was shared by others, and it was therefore perhaps 
not so important as it has been regarded. It is enough to 
know that he studied under such eminent scholars as Politiano 
and Chalcondylas, and thus laid the foundation of the elegance 
in Latin scholarship and profundity in Greek leaming for 
which he was afterwards distinguished. 

After a year thus spent in Florence, Linacre proceeded to 



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WTRODUCTION. 9 

Rome, where his studies in the Vatican Iibrary procured him 
the acquaintance of another great scholar, Hermolaus Barba- 
rus. It is possible that this acquaintance may have given 
Linacre's studies a bias in the direction of medicine ; for Bar- 
barus, though not a physician, had devoted himself specially 
to the study of Dioscorides, whose works he translated into 
Latin, and illustrated with commentaries, more than once re- 
printed. It is suggested by Dr Noble Johnson that the example 
and arguments of Hermolaus Barbarus may have given Lin- 
acre's mind a bias of a different kind, namely towards a single 
life ; for the Italian scholar, we are told, wrote a treatise in 
favour of celibacy at the age of eighteen, and never after- 
wards deviated either in practice or theory from the principles 
there advocated. Barbarus was also a great Aristotelian 
scholar, and in this direction also he may have influenced the 
mind of Linacre; who afterwards undertook and partly car- 
ried out a plan which had also been among the projects of the 
elder scholar, of a complete translation of the woiks of Aris- 
totle. In other less important matters, the influence of Her- 
molaus Barbarus seems traceable, and if Linacre took as his 
model in a learned life any of the great scholars with whom 
he studied, it was certainly rather Hermolaus than any 
other. 

From Rome Linacre went to Venice, and here made the 
valuable acquaintance of the great printer, Aldus Manutius 
Romanus, who was then engaged in bringing out some of the 
most important editions of the classics, by which he earned 
the gratitude of scholars. Aldus appears to have treated the 
English scholar with great kindness, which is acknowledged, 
as a personal favour, by William Grocyn, in a Ietter to Aldus, 
which must have been written shortly after Linacre's re- 
turn from Italy. After acknowledging the kindnees shewn 



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io TNTR0DUCTT0N. 

to his friend Linacre, Grocyn goes on to thank Aldus, in the 
name of English scholars especially for his cditions of the 
Greek classics, and commends his preTerence for Aristotle to 
Plato. The rest of this letter, the style of which ts praised by 
Erasmus, is interesting, especially as the only extant composi- 
tion, except two trifling epigrams, of this once celebrated 
scholar, but has no further reference to our subject. Aldus 
prefixed it to Linacre's translation of Proclus On the Sphere, 
printed by him in the year 1499 2 , in order (as he says in his 
dedication of this work to Albertus Pius, pnnce of Carpi) to 
make the Italian philosophers ashamed of their bad Latin, 
and lead them to rival the Englishmen. In the dedication 
just named Aldus pays a high compliment to Linacres scho- 
larship, which may be quoted here, though written later. 
" Linacre," he says, "has translated this work with elegance and 
learning. 

"Qui utinam et Simplicium in Aristotelis Physica, et in 
ejusdem meteora Alexandrum quos nunc summa cura Latinos 
facit, ad me dedisset, ut et illos una cum Proclo ad te mitte- 
rem. Quanquam (ut spero) eosque et alios in Philosophia, 
medicinaque perutiles libros aliquando dabit. ut ex eidem 
Britannia unde olim barbarae et indoctas Hterae ad nos pro- 
fecta Italiam occuparunt, et adhuc arces tenent, latine et docte 
loquentes bonas artes accipiamus, ac britannicis adjutoribus 
fugata- barbarie, arces nostras recipiamus, ut eadem hasta 
sanetur a qua illatum est vulnus." 

He also implies that an intimate friendship existed be- 
tween Linacre and the prince of Carpi, on which account the 
work will be more welcome to his patron. 

The Aldine editio princeps of Aristotle contains also an 
interesting allusion to Linacre, which seems to shew that he had 
something to do with the editing or correcting of that great 



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INTRODUCTION. n 

work. It may even not be without some significance that a 
, splendid copy of this edition, printed on vellum (and as com- 
plete in this state, according to Dibdin, of the highest rarity), 
once belonged to Linacre, and is now, bearing his autograph, 
in the library of New College, Oxford. In the dedication 
prefixed to the second volume of this work, Aldus boasts of 
the pains he had taken to secure a correct text, 

" Ut tum querendis optimis et antiquis Hbris atque eadem 
in re multiplicibus tum conferendis castigandisque exemplart- 
bus quse dilaceranda impressoribus traderentur, perirentque 
ut pariens vipera, in manus hominum venirent emendatissima. 
Id ita sit necne sunt mihi gravissimi testes in toti fere Italia, 
et prxcipue in Venetiis Thomas Anglicus, homo et graece et 
latine peritissimus praecellensque in doctrinarum omnium dis- 
ciplinis." 

This volume is dated February, 1497, the first volume 
1495, dates which are qulte reconcilable with the time when 
Linacre is believed to have been at Venice. 

On Ieaving Venice, Linacre went to Padua and probably 
made some stay there : since it was here that he graduated 
as Doctor of Medicine, and here he must have acquired the 
greatest part of his medical knowledge. Padua was at that 
time one of the chief seats of medical knowledge in Europe, 
and became shortly afterwards one of the first schools of 
anatomy. Its reputation in both departments was long pre- 
served under the enlightened patronage of the Venetian 
Senate. Many students from Northern Europe naturally 
flocked thither, and among them a few from England and 
Scotland. Linacre was not the first eminent EngUsh scholar 
who graduated in medicine at Padua; the once celebrated 
Phreas [Wellsl who left Balliol for Italy, and died at Rome, 
having preceded him by half a century or more ; but he was 



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12 INTRODUCTION. 

followed by a long roll of English and Scottish students the 
names and escutcheons of some of whom may still be seen 
in the gallery of the University quadrangle. 

Though Linacre is said to have taken the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine with great distinction, there is no founda- 
tion for the assertion that he was ever Professor of Medicine 
in the University. The story rests on an obvious confusion 
of the titles of Doctor and Professor which were then 
and long afterwards equivalent and interchangeable in the 
European Universities. 

The tradition of Linacre's successful disputation at Padua 
is preserved in a dialogue by Richard Pacey (quoted in 
Johnson's life) where Grammar and Rhetoric are made to 
dispute as to the respective merits of Theodore Gaza and 
Thomas Linacre. Grammar first claims Linacre as her own, 
Rhetoric contends that he was by right her son, and that 
Grammar was only the occupation of his leisure moments. 
On one occasion (says Rhetoric) he condescended to dispute 
with some Grammarian on certain minutiae connected with 
the vocative case, but gained a more brilliant victory when 
he defended his theses for graduation at Padua, " Nam quum 
in gymnasio Patavino, professionis artis medicse ei (ut nunc 
moris est) darentur insignia, publice non sine summ& laude 
disputavit, et seniorum medicorum adversaria argumenta accu- 
ratissime refellit" 3 . 

Linacre's route after leavmg Padua, may, Dr Johnson 
tells us, be accurately and precisely traced through Vicenza, 
Verona, Brescia, Bergamo and Milan; but the authority for 
this statement is not given. It may however be permissible 
to delay for a moment at Vicenza, since it is pretty certain 
that Linacre did pass there, and highly probable that his 
stay had some influence on his literary Ufe. This city was 



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INTRODUCTION 13 

the home of a celebrated physician and scholar, Nicolaus 
Leonicenus, best known as the author of the earliest treatise 
on Syphilis, the fearful malady at that time beginning to be 
known ; but also celebrated for having translated several 
works of Galen from the Greek. One of these versions, 
that of the treatise De motu' musculorum was afterwards 
published by Linacre with some of his own, Leonicenus 
was much older than Linacre (though he survived him) 
and in after years, as we know from a letter of Croke to 
Henry VIII., spoke of Linacre as his pupfl*. 

The reputation of this now almost forgotten scholar was 
very high among his contemporaries. Aldus Romanus, in 
the dedication of the Aristotle aiready spoken of td Albertus 
Pius, Prince of Carpi, speaks of Leonicenus as 'philoso- 
phorum atatis nostra medicorumgue facUe princeps'. A 
correspondence which has been preserved between Leoni- 
cenus and Angelus Politianus is full of mutual compliments ; 
and shews that the two scholars regarded themselves as allies 
in the common warfare against 'barbarism' a foe that had 
to be expelled from the nelds of philosophy and medicine 
as well as from that of letters 5 . 

It is certain that the example of such a man could not 
have been without effect on so apt a pupil as Linacre, and 
the influence of Vicenza is clearfy apparent in some of his 
later work. 

On leaving Italy, Linacre is said to have indulged m an 
antiquarian caprice which seems little in harmony with what 
we afterwards hear of his staid character, though in his hot 
youth and under the influence of the classical sentiment it may 
have been possible, and even natural. The story is that on 
bidding farewell to Italy at some mountain pass he indulged 
his fancy in building a caira of stones, which he crowned with 



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14 INTRODUCTION 

flowers, and dedicated to Italy, as sancta mater studwrum. 
AIl that is known about this transaction comes from two 
Latin poems, by Janus Vitalis and by Joannes Latomus, one 
of which it may be sufficient to quote. 



JANUS VITALES 
IN THOiLE LINACRI ANGLI ITALIA DISCESSUM. 

Dum Linacrus adit Morinos, patriosque Britannos, 

Artibus egregiis dives ab Italia, 
Ingentem molem saxonim in mpibus altis, 

Congerit ad fauces ante Gebenna tuas, 
Floribus hinc, viridique struem dum fronde coronat, 

F.t sacer Assyrias pascitur ignis opes: 
"Hoc tibi" ait "mater studiorum, 6 sancta meomm 

Templum Linacrus dedicat, Italia; 
Tu mod6 cui docta assurgunt cum Pallade Atheme 

Hoc de me pretium scdulitatis habe." 

The second poem is by Joannes Latomus, and entitled 
Amidis querela in Thomam Linacrum Anglum Italid disces- 
surum. It represents the nymph of the Amo expostulating 
with Linacre while engaged in erecting his altar, on his fixed 
resolution to return home. It is highly laudatory, but too 
long for quotation 6 . 

In both copies of verses the name Gebenna occurs in 
connexion with this incident, and as this usually means, in 
classical Latin, the mountain district called the Cevennes, Dr 
Johnson concludes that Linacre before pursuing his journey 
to Paris stayed in this district It does not seem necessary 
to suppose that he took so circuitous a route, or visited a 



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WTRODUCTION. 15 

part of the country which must at that time have been wild 
and Httle traversed, and where a scholar, uninfluenced by 
modern love of the picturesque can have found nothing to 
attract him. But Civitas Gebennensis is the name given, 
almost universally, by the printers of Linacre's time, to the 
city of Geneva, and Stephanus : — Dictionarium nominum pro- 
priorum gives an interpretation apparently identical. We 
can well believe that, in crossing the pass of the great St 
Bernard on his way down to Geneva, Linacre would not bid 
farewell to the southern side of the Alps without some ex- 
pression of emotion. But too much importance must not be 
attached to a story which probably rested only on some trifling 
incident of travel in crossing the AIps, related by Linacre 
himself in writing to his Italian friends. 

The name Morinos in the verses quoted above sufficiently 
indicates that Linacre returned home, or was expected to re- 
turn by way of Calais. He must doubtless have passed 
through Paris, but we have no record of any acquaintance- 
ship there, though certainly at a later time Linacre had literary 
correspondents and friends in that city, 

On his return to England Linacre seems to have resumed 
his residence in All Souls' College. His position in the Uni- 
versity must have been one of considerable eminence, since a 
knowledge of Greek was still confined to a few scholars, and 
great respect was paid to those who had acquired this new 
accomplishment in Italy. There were about this time or a 
little later but four such scholars in Oxford. Grocyn and 
Latimer were a Iittle older than Linacre. Colet was younger, 
or, at least, visited Italy later, and the date of his stay in 
Florence gave his studies a somewhat different complexion 
from what we see in Linacre. It has been well pointed out 
by Mr Seebohm, in his work on the Oxford Reformers 7 , that 



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16 TNTRODVCTION. 

Colet was at Florence during the agfcation and enthusiasm 
aroused by the preaching of SavonaroTa, and doubtless derived 
from him that new spirit in theology which his after life dis- 
played, and which has caused him to be reckoned among the 
precursors of the reformation. Grocyn and Linacre shew 
nothing of this, They knew Florence when the literary re- 
naissance was at its height, and when the spirit of the leamed 
world was more pagan than Christian. We shall notice after- 
wards what bearing this had upon Lmacre's literary and theo- 
logical position. 

The dissertation which the newly-returned scholar read for 
his degree in medicine is said to have .attracted attention, but 
he does not seem to have taught publicly; — at least Grocyn 
and Latimer are the only names we hear of as public lecturers 
on Greek. It was, however, Linacre's good fortune, at this 
time, to meet with a pupil whose subsequent eminence was 
enough to make his teacher distinguished, with whom he 
formed the most important literary friendship of his life, and 
who has left us the brightest and most life-like pictures of Lin- 
acre himself. This pupil was Erasmus, whose long-cherished 
plans of going to Italy to learn Greek were, as is well known, 
deferred, in order that he might visit England with the same 
object. The story of Erasmus' stay in Oxford has often been 
told, though never before so fully and clearly as in Mr See- 
bohm's volume already referred to. It is very Hkely that he 
may have derived from Colet some of the ideas which after- 
wards influenced his Hterary and theological activity. To 
Linacre he owed, undoubtedly, the foundation of his Greek 
scholarship, and his respect for the ability and character of his 
teacher are shewn in many well-known passages from his 
letters. In one of the best known he writes as follows: "In 
Colet I hear Plato himself. Who does not admire the perfect 



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INTRODUCTION. 17 

compass of science in Grocyn ? What can be more acute, more 
profound, or more refined than the judgment of Linacre ?" 
There are many similar passages, and, though eulogy was the 
fashion of the age, we feel at once that, at least in speaking of 
Linacre, Erasmus meant what he said. The same impression 
must be derived, I think, from an amusing passage in the " En- 
comium Moriae," though some of Linacre's biographers seem 
to have omitted it as if derogatory to his reputation. It is, 
however, written in a strain of good-natured banter, which 
shews that there was a foundation of good feeling and mutual 
respect between the two scholars. 

" Novi quendam arX.w^vorarov Graecum, Latinum, Ma- 
thematicum, philosophum medicum kol Tavra, fiaaiXucbv jam 
sexagenarium qui ceeteris rebus omissis annis plus viginti se 
torquet et discruciat in GrammaticS, prorsus felicem se fore 
ratus si tamdiu licet vivere, donec certo statuat, quomodo dis- 
tinguendae sint octo partes orationis, quod hactenus nemo 
Graecorum aut Latinorum ad plenum pnestare valuit. Proinde 
quasi res sit bello quoque vindicanda, si quis conjunctionem 
faciat dictionem ad adverbiorum jus pertinentem 8 ," 

There is no record of Linacre's practice in his profession at 
Oxford. A new direction was given to his life by the call ' 
which he received about the year 1501 to come to court, and 
direct the studies of the young Prince Arthur. This mark of 
court favour appears to have been in some way connected 
with the visit of Prince Arthur to the University where he re- 
sided in Magdalen College. The appointment lasted till the 
prince's death in 1503, butthe only record of it which remains 
is the Latin translation of the treatise of Proclus On the 
Sphere, dedicated to Prince Arthur, which has been already 
referred to. This was Linacre's earfiest published work. 
After the prince's death Linacre appears to have stayed in 



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[8 TNTRODUCTWN. 

London, and probably to have practised medicine, but there 
is no satisfactory evidence as to this period of his life. 

The accession of Henry VIII. must have raised the hopes 
of Linacre, as it did those of all the scholars and enlightened 
men in England at that time. The young king, known to be 
learned himself and a favourer of learning, was expected to 
give a powerful stimulus to the progress of the new studies. 
Erasmus was urged by his friends to return to England to 
share the prosperity and splendour of the new reign. A new 
epoch of enlightenment was to commence, and a final blow 
was to be given to all those evils and abuses which the scho- 
Iars summed up in the word barbarism. It is well known 
that these hopes were not at all, or very imperfectly, realized, 
but Linacre himself had no reason for disappointment. He 
was made the royal physician, a post, in those days, of great 
influence and importance in other than professional matters, as 
is shewn by a curious letter addressed to Linacre by the Uni- 
versity of Oxford. From this, as from other events, it is clear 
that Linacre did not, while at court, forget his old mistress, 
learning, but used his influence as far as possible for her 
advancement. He is described by a contemporary and friend 
George Lilly, as conspicuous among the chief persons of the 
court in a purple robe and a hood of black silk 9 . Among 
his other patients are mentioned the great prelates Wolsey, 
Warham, and Fox. 

After some years of professional activity, and when he 
was about fifty years of -age, Linacre appears to have taken 
holy orders ; or possibly at this time merely proceeded to 
priest's orders, having been previously deacon. The sim- 
plest explanation of this step is that which is given by 
himself in ttie dedication of his translation of Galen de Natu- 
ralibus FacuUatibus to Archbishop Warham, namely, that he 



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INTRODUCTION. iq 

hoped to get more leisure for literary work. It is supposed 
that he prepared himself for the sacred office by entering, in 
mature life, upon the study of theology, and a curious story is 
told in connexion with his first reading of the New Testa- 
ment, which, as it has been strangely misunderstood, may be 
worth giving in detail. The story rests solely on the autho- 
rity of Sir John Cheke, Professor of Greek at Cambridge, in 
his letters on the pronunciation of Greek, addressed to Bishop 
Gardiner, at that time Chancellor of the University. Cheke 
seems to have been anxious to conciliate the Bishop, and at 
the same time, for some reason or other, to depreciate Lin- 
acre. He speaks of him as a learned person and a good phy- 
sician, but one who should not venture out of his own province, 
and, he says, in power of rhetoric and popular expression 
far inferior to the episcopal correspondent to whom Cheke's 
letters were addressed 10 . 

He then tells the following story. Linacre when advanced 
in life, his health broken by study and disease, and near his 
end, took the New Testament in his hand for the first time, 
(although he was a priest,) and read.the Gospel of St Matthew 
to the end of the 7th Chapter (that is to the end of the 
Sermon on the Mount). Having read it, he threw the volume 
away with all the strength he could muster, swearing "either 
this is not the Gospel or we are not Christians." It is pro- 
bable that the striking contrast between the teaching of the 
Sermon on the Mount and the practice of the Christian Worid 
has inspired many readers with the same feeling, and it will 
continue to have the same effect on many more, though they 
may not happen to give vent to their surprise with the same 
petulance. Cheke seems to argue that it shewed some scepti- 
cism in Linacre or want of respect for the Scriptures. Selden 
has misunderstood the story still more strangely, imagining 



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20 INTRODUCTION, 

that Linacre referred only or chiefly to the prohibition of 
swearing. But looked at without prejudice Linacre's excla- 
mation seems natural enough. It is well known that the 
Scholars of the renaissance, before the time of Erasmus at 
least, were very little acquainted with the Scriptures in the 
original text, or even in the Latin Vulgate Version, which is 
said to have been avoided on account of its non-classical 
idioms. Now Linacre was a scholar and not a theologian. 
A theologian by profession either passes lightly over discre- 
pancies such as these or else has already found such an 
explanation of them as is possible. But the spirit of scholar- 
ship and criticism is to take words in their true meaning 
and to view ideas by uncoloured light Linacre's remark 
needs no other explanation than that he read the passage 
with the unbiassed judgment of a scholar. 

Although it is clear that.Linacre entered the Church under 
the patronage of Archbishop Warham he is said to have been 
ordained priest by the Bishop of London on Dec r 22^ 1520. 
The date of his entrance into deacon's orders is unknown. 
It has been conjectured that he received from Pope Leo the 
Tenth, his old schoolfellow, a dispensation from the necessity 
of passing through the inferior clerical degrees, and that this 
may have been the kindness for which he expresses his grati- 
tude in the dedication of the present volume. Be this as it 
may, he received from Warham in 1 509 his first preferment 
to the Rectory of Merstham in Kent, which he resigned in a 
Httle more than a month from his collation. In the same year 
he received the Prebend of Easton iri Gardano in the Cathe- 
dral of Wells, and in the same year the living of Hawkhurst, 
in Kent, which he held till the year 1524. Further marks of 
favour were bestowed upon him in 1517, when he was made 
Canon and Prebendary of Westminster, and in 1518 when he 



c;yG00^Ic 



INTRODUCTION. 21 

acquired the Prebend of South Newbold in the Cathedral of 
York. He resigned the latter preferment on receiving the 
important appointment of Precentor in the same York Cathe- 
dral, but resigned this also in the same year. Two other 
benefices are recorded as having been bestowed upon him, 
■ the Rectory of Holworthy in Devonshire by the King, in 
1518, and in 1520 the Rectory of Wigan, in Lancashire, on 
the title of which he received priest's orders, Dec. 22, 1520, 
and which he held till his death 11 . 

There is no evidence that Linacre resided at any one 
of the benefices or Cathedral appointments which he received. 
In fact it is most probable, though not absolutely certain,. that 
he continued to live in his London house. His biographers 
then have been somewhat puzzled to account for his accepting 
so many preferments and resigning most of them so soon. 
But it is probable that a phystcian and scholar did not hold 
more rigid notions respecting the evils of pluralism than his 
more strictly clerical contemporaries and that he saw no harm 
in holding a benefice of which he could not discharge the duty 
or only did so by deputy. The speedy resignation of a bene- 
fice is no evidence that the preferment was unprofitable. It 
is probable that in accordance with the common custom he 
resigned only in favour of a consideration paid by an aspirant 
who desired to be presented to the office, and was willing 
to pay the holder to vacate it Such a practice has lasted 
in regard to secular offices almost to our own time 12 . 
Linacre must be judged not by the system which, what- 
ever its faults, gave him leisure for literary- work and plans 
of public usefulness, but by the manner in which he employed 
the wealth which these benefices placed at his disposal. It 
must have been from this source that he obtained funds for 
his munificent endowments. 



c;yG00^Ic 



22 INTROVUCTION. 

The firstfruits of his renewed literary activity did not ap- 
pear till the year 1 5 1 7, eighteen years after his first work, when 
he published his translation into Latin of the six Books of 
Galen, De Sanitate Tuendd. This version was printed in a 
fine folio by Rubeus, of Paris, and dedicated to Henry VIII. 
The dedication of this work shews the reverence in which 
the writings of Galen were held, a point of which we shall 
have to speak again. It is also interesting since it tells us 
that many scholars of Italy, France, and Germany, but 
especially the two great lights of the age, Erasmus and 
Budaeus, had repeatedly urged him to publish this work. 
The Preface addressed to the reader contains a great many 
Greek words, which may perhaps be the reason why the 
work was not printed in England, where no Greek type 
probably existed at this time, as will be seen from Siberch's 
introduction to the work now reprinted. A vellum copy of 
this book presented to Cardinaf Wolsey is still preserved 
in the British Museum with the original letter which ac- 
companied iL Another copy presented to Bishop Fox is 
now in the library of the College of Physicians, and has a 
dedicatory letter written at the beginning, but I cannot 
think it to be Linacre's own handwriting. 

Two years later appeared the translation of Galen's Me- 
thodus Medendi, in bulk one of the greatest of his works, and 
in substance one of the most obscure. It is not now easy to 
understand the admiration and gratitude with which scholars 
received his translation. The work itself was known by name 
only to most, and perhaps on that account was the more 
respected. The judgment of Dr Johnson, Linacre's biogra- 
pher, is as follows : — " Not less formidable in its length than 
incomprehensjble in many of the theories contained in it. 
The sentence pronounced by the Mufti on the vdSes of the 



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INTRODUCTION. 23 

Turkish poet Missi, whose meaning he declared to be in- 
telligible to none save to God and to him by whom they 
were composed, may with equal truth be applied to the 
doctrine which this book inculcates." This translation also 
was dedicated to Henry 8th and it is curious that Linacre 
speaks of it as the third work published under the protection 
of the Royal name, though no other is known than that 
already mentioned, unless the allusion be to the dedication 
of his translation of Proclus to the King's elder brother, 
Prince Arthur. It is further introduced by some com- 
mendatory verses from the pen of Janus Lascaris. It was 
beautifully ' printed in folio by Desiderius Maheu, at Paris, 
in 1519. A presentation copy sent to Cardinal Wolsey with 
the complimentary letter which accompanied it is still pre- 
served in the British Museum. Both the above-mentioned 
versions have been frequendy reprinted at Paris and else- 
where, and, with a few alterations, have been accepted as the 
standard translations of those works of Galen. 

The next work published by Linacre was the translation 
now reproduced of which we need not speak further at this 
point The dedication to Pope Leo the Tenth is, as will be 
seen, inspired by a recollection of the writer's early friendship 
with the great Pontiff, when they were fellow-pupils of Politian 
and Chalcondylas. One passage in this letter is still obscure, 
that in which he refers to some recent and striking proof of 
the Pontiff 's munificence, shared in common with others, who 
had been also his schoolfellows at Florence. It has been sug- 
gested that this act of kindness may have been some dispen- 
sation which facilitated Linacre's entrance into Holy Orders. 
If there were any such dispensation, it is more likely that it 
was one enabling him to hold a benefice, while still a deacon, 
or perhaps even a layman, since we find that Linacre's first 
clerical preferment was given him in the year of Henry the 

>,ait Geot >yGoOQle 



24 INTRODUCTION. 

Eighth's accession, which must also have been that of Lin- 
acre's appointment as Court Physician, and it seems highly 
improbable that his ordination should have taken place almost 
simultaneously with this appointment But there is no proof 
that any dispensation whatever was referred to, and it is quite 
possible that the Pope's generosity may have been shewn in 
some other way, such as by some valuable present, since this 
might have been, what a dispensation could not have been, 
bestowed alike on his other old schoolfellows. 

Two other translations from Galen, were published by 
Linacre during his lifetime, one the treatise De Naturalibus 
Facultatibus in the year 1523 by Pynson, in London, and a 
short tract De Pulsuum Us4, either in the same year or in 
the next, which was the Iast year of Linacre's life. Two other 
translations, De Symptomatum Differentiis and De Symptoma- 
tum Causis, were printed by Pynson after the writer's death. 

Two grammatical works must also be mentioned as oc- 
cupying some part of Linacre's later years ; the Rudimenta 
Grammatices was composed for the use of the Princess Mary, 
and is in English, though its title is Latin. It was afterwards 
translated into Latin by George Buchanan, and in this form 
published at Paris. 

A more elaborate work entided De Emendatd structurd 
was not printed until the year 1524, but from the history of 
its composition must have been written about i4years earlier. 
Linacre's old friend Dean Colet, the founder of St PauTs 
School, desiring to have for the use of his school a better 
grammar than any which already existed, appears to have 
asked Linacre to compose a suitable work. The treatise of 
which we are now speaking resulted, but when produced it 
was thought to be, in bulk and difficulty, quite beyond the 
comprehension of young pupils. Colet accordingly thought 
himself obliged to decline it, and substituted a much shorter 



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INTRODUCTION. 25 

compendium written by himself, or William Lily, or by both 
jointly, which was afterwards revised by Erasmus and re- 
printed by Cardinal Wolsey for the use of Ipswich School. 
This was the foundation of the well-known Lily's Grammar. 
Linacre appears to have been annoyed at the rejection of his 
Grammar, and a breach was thus made in his friendship with 
Colet, which never appears to have been healed. Erasmus 
vainly endeavoured to bring about a reconciliation. This 
was the best known work published by Linacre in the domain 
of scholarship ; several editions were printed by Estienne at 
Paris, and many others in other European cities. To some 
is prefixed a laudatory preface by Melanchthon. It is not 
quite clear whether it was published before or immediately 
after the author*s death. 

The works now mentioned were, in combination with 
medical practice, the occupation of the last 14 years of Lin- 
acre's life. It is impossible to say exactly at what time he 
gave up the active practice of his profession. The only 
passage which might be supposed to throw any light on 
the subject, is one in the dedication of the translation of 
De Naturalibus Facultatibus to Archbishop Warham, where 
he speaks gratefully of the leisure afforded by the assumption 
of the priestly office conferred on him by Warham 13 . But as 
the only certain instance of his receiving a benefice from the 
Archbishop, was that of the rectory of Merstham, in 1 509, 
the year in which Linacre entered upon his duties as Court 
Physkian, it seems that some later preferment or else ordi- 
nation, must be referred to. It is possible therefore, that he 
may have only gradually given up practice. 

But Linacre rendered a service to medicine far more im- 
portant than any of his writings, by the foundation of the 
College of Physicians and it is for this that he has been and 



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26 INTRODUCTION 

will continue to be held in grateful remembrance. In order to 
understand the importance and utility of Linacre's conception 
we must remember that up to this time medicine could not be 
satd to have existed as a distinct profession in England. The 
two classes of physicians and surgeons were very widely sepa- 
rated. The former were chiefly ecclesiastics and so far as any 
authorization was necessary to allow them to practice they 
received their authority from the Bishops or Archbishops. A 
statute passed in the 3rd year of Henry VIII. (3 Henry VIII. 
Cap. 11.) exhibits a first attempt to remedy this deficiency. It 
is there recited that " forasmuch as the science and cunning of 
physic and chirurgy to the perfect knowledge whereof be 
requtsite both great learning and ready experience is daily in 
this realm exercised by great multitudes of ignorant persons 
of whom the greater part have no manner 01 insight in the 
same nor in any other kind of Iearning ; some also can know 
no letters on the book, so far that common artificers as smiths, 
weavers, and women boldly and customarily take upon them 
great cures of things of great difficulty in the which they partly 
use sorcery and witchcraft, and partly apply such medicines 
unto the disease as be very noyous and are not meet therefor, 
to the high displeasure of God, great infamy to the faculty, 
and the grievous hurt, damage, and destruction of many of the 
Kingfs liege people, most especially of them that cannot dis- 
cern the uncunning from the cunning." It is then provided 
that no one should practise as a physician or surgeon within 
the City of London or seven miles from the same except he be 
examined and proved by the Bishop of London or by the 
Dean of Paul's with the aid of doctors of Physic and experts 
in surgery. In bther parts of the country the duty of proving 
medical practitioners was assigned to the Bishop of the 
Diocese. 



ooyGoo^Ie 



INTRODUCTION. 27 

We do not know whether Linacre's influence was in any 
way concerned in getting this Statute passed. A few years 
afterwards, in the year 1 5 1 8, Royal letters patent were granted 
for the carrying out of the scheme in which Linacre was con- 
cerned and which was in all probability framed by him. The 
letters were addressed to John Chambre, Thomas Linacre, 
and Fernandus de Victoria, together with three other physicians 
also named, and all men of the same faculty in London, 
These were to be incorporated as one perpetual commonalty 
or College, to have the power of electing a President, the use 
of a common seal, the liberty of holding lands in fee and of 
purchasing lands whose annual value did not exceed £12. 
They were permitted to make statutes for regulating the 
practice of physic in London and forseven miles round.and 
received the important privilege of punishing offenders by fine 
or imprisonmenL 

These letters were dated 23rd September in the ioth year 
of Henry VIII. Four years after the privileges thereby 
granted were confirmed and extended by a Statute (14 & 15 
Henry VIII. Cap. 5). By this Statute the privileges of the 
College were extended over the whole of England, no person 
being allowed to practise physic without having been examined 
and licensed by the President of the College and three of the 
elecL The reason given for this extension of privilege was 
the difficulty of finding in each dioce.se men able to sufliciently 
examine those who were to be admitted physicians. The 
graduates of Oxford or Cambridge who had accomplished all 
their exercises in due form without any grace were alone 
allowed to practise without a licence. The privileges of the 
College were confirmed and enlarged by several subsequent 
Statutes and Letters Patent in the reign of King James the 
First, in the Protectorate of Cromwell, and at other times. 



c;yG00^Ic 



28 INTRODUCTION. 

Among other powers conferred by Jatnes the First was that 
of examining into the purity and goodness of all apothecaries' 
wares kept in the houses of apothecaries and druggists in 
London. This right was exercised up till the beginning of 
this century and a similar inspection or visitation of drugs is 
still performed by Government Assessors in Germany. 

Comparing the College of Physicians with the bodies which 
exercised the same rights in other countries in the sixteenth 
century we see that the chief justification for its existence was 
the fact that no University or Faculty of Medicine existed in 
London, In Paris, for instance, and in other University 
. cities very similar privileges were given to the Faculty, that is 
to say, to the Doctors of Medicine of the University. It would 
have been a serious curtailment of University privileges to 
have founded iri those cities any body like the College of 
Physicians. Linacre, who was so well acquainted with the 
learned bodies of Italy and France, must doubtless have felt 
the want in London of a learned body with the name and 
dignity of the University. His College was doubtless in- 
tended to take the place of the University so faras medicme 
was concerned. There is, however, no hint of any provision 
for teaching. 

Beside the ostensible object of preventing the practice 
of medicine by ignorant persons, the foundation of the 
College effected another equally important reform which may 
possibly have been foreseen and intended by its founders, 
although the intention was not avowed. This was nothing 
else than the liberation of medicine and the medical profession 
from the control of the Church. The Bishops, it is said, not- 
withstanding the formal abolition of their privileges, continued 
to license physicians for 180 years after the foundation of the 
Cpllege, but never since has any ecclesiastical authority con- 



ooyGoo^Ie 



INTRODVCTION. 29 

trolled the status or the practice of the medical profession in 
England. This liberty could hardly have been so complete 
had medicine been as completely as in other countries a de- 
partment of University teaching. Linacre's foundation must 
have the credit of preserving medicine both from the imme- 
diate domination of clerics and from future subjection to the 
leaden rule of orthodoxy, which swayed for several centuries 
the English Universities. The conditions of the new Col- 
lege and the mode of admission into it were clearly designed, 
and were calculated to give a very definite stamp to the Eng- 
lish physician. He was to be in the first place a man of learn- 
ing, and in this respect the standard of the College was cer- 
tainly higher than that of the Universities, as is clear from 
the history of certain controversies that arose between these 
authorities. Considering too that it was scarcely possible 
to obtain in this country the particular kind of learning re- 
quired, a strong inducement was held out to physicians to study 
at the Universities of the Continent, especiaHy in Italy. Hence 
physicians were not only learned but very often travelled per- 
sons ; and the names of foreigners are found rather frequently 
in the early rolls of the College. Moreover as the number of 
physicians practising in London was not large, and the dififi- 
culties of obtaining a licence were so considerable, a physician 
had no doubt a social position very much above that of the 
surgeon, and perhaps relatively higher than at the present day. 
It must be admitted also that the standing of an English 
physician has been made more definite and further removed 
irom any association with trade than in any other European 
country. We see then pretty clearly what was the ideal that 
Linacre had framed ; — a grave and learned person, well read in 
Galen, respecting, but not bowing down to, the prestige of 
the Universities, claiming for his own science a dignity apart 



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30 INTRODUCTION 

from, but not conflicting with, that of theology, looking upon 
surgeons and apothecaries with charity, but not without a sense 
of his own superiority. 

Such was to be the English Physician, and Linacre suc- 
ceeded, if such was his object, in moulding a definite type of 
character which lasted for two centuries at Ieast. But the 
physician of Linacre's school is no more ; — his epitaph was 
written nearly a hundred years ago by no less a person than 
Samuel Johnson. The great lexicographer was asked upon 
his death-bed for what physician he had sent. " I have sent," 
he said, " for Heberden, ultimum Rotnanorum, the last of our 
Iearned physicians." 

The further history of the College of Physicians need 
not be written here ; but something must be said of two 
other foundations also due to the public spirit and far-seeing 
benevolence of Linacre. These were his readerships at 
Oxford and Cambridge. In order to provide for the public 
teaching of medicine in the University and more especially 
for the reading of the works of Hippocrates and Galen, 
Linacre shortly before his death transferred to trustees con- 
siderable landed estates producing about ^30 a year, which 
it was no doubt intended should be conveyed directly to the 
Universities for the foundation of Readerships. But the 
manner in which his purpose was carried out was unsatis- 
factory, and the subsequent history of the foundations is a 
melancholy chapter in University annals. The four trustees 
were Sir Thomas More, Tunstall, Bishop of London, 
Stokesley, himself afterwards a bishop and a certain Sheriff, 
a lawyer. For reasons which it is difncult to understand, 
unless slmply negligence and procrastination were responsi- 
ble, nothing was done with these funds till the reign of 
Edward VI., when Tunstall, the surviving trustee, transferred 



coyGoo^Ic 



INTRODUCTION 31 

part of the estate to Merton College, Oxford, for the founda- 
tion of two Readers, and another part to St John's College, 
Cambridge, for the establishment of a Readership there. It 
is quite clear that Linacre intended these to be University 
and not college foundations. His intention is sufficiently 
established by a letter addressed to him by the University 
of Oxford which has been published by Dr Johnson. The 
University acknowledges "that peculiar affection towards 
our commonwealth by which you have rendered yourself 
specially eminent," and speaks of the splendid lectures "which 
you have appointed to be read here at your expense as wisely 
devoted to the study of medicine." This might seem to refer 
to a foundation already established, but for the concluding 
words of the letter, " Lastly, we earnestly and again and again 
implore you not to abandon the resolution you have under- 
taken, and that your intentions may never be so many and 
varied as to divert or overcrowd this project Let us certainly 
hope that the restoration of these, as well as all other studies 
to their pristine dignity may be eifected during your life, 
and if aught in our power can promotQ this most excellent 
design, believe us prepared to second your wishes. Farewell, 
and may you long enjoy life, chief patron of learning!" 
According to Anthony Wood, Linacre's foundation was settled 
in Merton College instead of in the University, on account of 
the great decay of the University in the reign of Edward VI., 
and through the persuasion of Dr Reynolds, warden of 
Merton College. This College was moreover for some 
reason specially frequented by the students of medicine. 
The appointment of readers, originally the duty of the 
trustees, was now transferred to the College. Members of 
the College had a preference for the appointment; though 
if none were found properly qualified, a member of another 



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32 INTRODUCTION. 

College or Hall might be appointed. The appointment was 
for three years only. With our present experience of Uni- 
versity history, it "is easy to see that no system could have 
been better calculated to reduce Linacre's great foundation 
to uselessness and obscurity. 

Th* names of a few of the earlier readers are given by 
Wood ; that of one only, Dr Robert Barnes, emerges from 
total obscurity. The Readerships soon became sinecures, and 
their stipends were regarded as nothing more than an agree- 
able.addition to the incomes of two of the Fellows. Among 
the many similar instances of the misapplication of endow- 
ments we shall not easily find a grosser abuse. Twenty years 
ago, as is well known, the Oxford Commissioners revived the 
name of the Founder in the present flourishing Linacre Pro- 
fessorship of Anatomy so ably filled, so important in the 
history of science in Oxford, and provided for its endowment 
by Merton College, as an equivalent for the income which the 
College still derives from Linacre's estates. 

At Cambridge the history of the corresponding Reader- 
ship was even more unfortunate. The appointment was 
given to St John's College, and though it was at first pro- 
vided that the lectures of Linacre's Reader should be de- 
livered in the Schools of the University, the office soon 
came to be regarded as nothing more than a college sinecure, 
Moreover, through bad management of the funds, or chiefly, 
I believe, through an imprudent exchange of the estate 
originally settled by Linacre for one which has turned out 
to be of less value, the income originally intended for the 
Readership seems to have been lost. But for the sake of 
other than Cambridge men it ought to be here stated that 
the present Linacre Reader of Pathology fills with credit a 
chair most inadequately endowed, and has revived in Cam- 



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INTRODUCTION. 33 

bridge the public teachings of a study perfectly congruous 
with, though different from that which was intended by the 
founder. It is impossible to doubt that Linacre looked for- 
ward to founding what should essentially be a school of medi- 
cine in each University. And it is a strange instance of the 
irony of fate, that Cambridge at the present day comes far 
nearer to carrying out the plans of the great scholar than his 
own University of Oxford, to which he always shewed the ' 
loyalty of an affectionate son, and on which he conferred the 
largest share of his munificent bounty. 

In the year 1524 it became evident to Linacre that his 
health was breaking, and in June of that year he executed his 
wilL He appears to have suffered much from the painful 
disease, stone in the bladder, which finally carried him off on 
the 20th October, 1524, at the age, as is supposed, of sixty- 
four. His death was a great loss to the cause of learning in 
England, and many passages in the letters of contemporary 
scholars will shew that it was not less felt in all learned circles 
throughout Europe. He was buried in the Old Cathedral of 
St Paul, but for more than thirty years no memorial appears 
to have marked his grave. This strange neglect was only 
supplied in the year 1557 by the great physician John Caius, 
a name memorable in Cambridge annals, who if not personally 
a pupil of Linacre was in the most complete sense the in- 
heritor of his spirit, and the most perfect type of a physician, 
such as the founder of our College wished to see. The Latin 
epitaph, written no doubt by Caius himself, perished in the 
great fire of London, but has been preserved by Dugdale. 
After an enumeration of the learned works and public services 
of Linacre it sketches in a few words a fine character, 
" Fraudes dolosque mire perosus ; fidus amicis ; omnibus 
ordinibus juxta carus." 

S 

DigltbadbyCoOgle 



34 INTRODUCTION. 

It will hardly be necessary to supplement the terse 
eulogium pronounced by Caius, by any attempt to sum up 
Linacre's moral excellences. But it may be worth while to 
form some estimate of the talents and accomplishments which 

?ave him so high a reputation among his contemporaries. 
lo original writing of Linacre's has been preserved, except 
his grammatical works and a few dedications and letters, on 
the strength of which it would be absurd to hazard any gene- 
ralization as to his jntellectual power. His reputation rested 
and still rests upon his translations ; together with the un- 
defined, but unmistakably strong impression which he pro- 
duced upon his friends and literary contemporaries. From 
them we should gather that it was to the multifariougness of 
Linacre's attainments as well as his excellence in each, that he 
owed his renown. To his literary faculty there are many 
testimonies. His Latin writing was thought to be so good 
that according to the friendly eulogium of Erasmus, the 
works of Galen as interpreted by Linacre, spoke better 
Latin than they had before spoken Greek. Other opinions 
not less laudatory were expressed both by Erasmus himself in 
other places and by other scholars not less sensitive in the 
matter of style. Linacre was not, however, a slavish imitator 
of any master. Erasmus among others has preserved the 
tradition of his slight regard for Cicero. He would rather 
have been thought to write like Quinctilian. The only com- 
plaint however which Erasmus makes against his friend is for 
his excessive elaboration in polishing and correcting his 
writings, from which it resulted that much of his work was 
reserved as not sufficiently perfect to be published : and in 
many cases ultimately lost 14 . It is disappointing to hear that 
Linacre had translated Aristotle in such a way that Erasmus 
says ' sic Latine legitur Aristoteles ut, licet Atticus, vix in suo 



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INTRODUCTION. 35 

sermone parem hadeat gratiam 7 : and of his other versions 
' sunt illipermulta in scriniis, magno usuifutura studiosis' 

Beside the excellence of his style, Linacre was famed for 
his critical judgment, 'vir non exaeti tantum sed severi judicii', 
says Erasmus, while in Grammar and Rhetoric, as shewn in 
the curious little fable of Richard Pacey formerly quoted, he 
was regarded as no less a master. Moreover he was what 
was called in those days an eminent ' philosopher,' that is, 
profoundly read in the works of the ancient naturalists and 
philosophers, such as Aristotle, Plato and PHny. 

It is not easy to form any distinct notion of Linacre's skill 
in his own profession. Little more was expected of a physi- 
cian in those days than to apply with proper care the maxims 
of the books. We do not even knpw whether in his practice 
Linacre made more use of the ancient medical classics whom 
he was endeavouring to rescue from neglect than of the 
' Neoterics ' who were the ruling spirits of the day, and whose 
doctrines were derived from the Arab physicians or from 
European schools sprung out of the Arab learning. Some 
have taken for granted that a man so great in book Iearning 
could not be good in practice. But the few notices which remain 
give no countenance to this assumption. Erasmus comme- 
morates in two or three places his friend's medical skill. In 
one he deplores Linacre's absence, and Iaments (with curious 
modernism) that his servant had left the physician's last pre- 
scription at the druggist's, and begs for another copy, In 
one instance a record of Linacre's treatment of Erasmus's 
complaint remains, and appears to have been as sensible and 
practical, as if- the physician had known not a word of Greek, 
and had passed his life as a country apothecary. He is also 
recorded to have advised his friend William Ltly not to 
consent to an operation for the removal of a tumour of the 



c;yG00^Ic 



J6 INTRODUCTION. 

hip; but the operation undertaken against Ltnacres advice, 
unfortunately proved fatal. 

It was not Linacre's fortune to contribute anything to the 
science of medicine, or to any of its collateral sciences. His 
age was not one of research as now understood. The first 
original work on medicine produced in England was done by 
his successor Caius, whose treatise on the sweating sickness 
published twenty years after Linacre's death is stUl esteemed. 
This and other great epidemics must have passed before the 
eyes of Linacre, but no record remains to shew us in what 
light he regarded them. Nor is there any evidence that he 
appreciated the importance of the revival of Anatomy and 
Botany ; sciences on which the subsequent development of 
medicine in Europe has so largely been based. Though 
evidently eagerly desirous to assist in the renovation of medical 
science, he looked to other means to accomplish this end. 
What these means were it may be worth while to state some- 
what more in detail. 

The aim which Linacre and other scholars set before them 
in translating or publishing the works of Galen can only be 
understood by a consideration of the state of medical learning 
and scholarshtp at the time. The student of medicine in those 
days, like the student of theology or philosophy, had to derive 
his knowledge almost entirely from books. There was indeed 
one school of practical anatomy in Italy, that founded by 
Mundinus at Bologna in the 14UI century, and continued in 
Linacre's time by Berengarius Carpus, who is said to have 
dissected one hundred bodies with his own hand, but in other 
parts of Europe only a literary knowledge of anatomy was 
possible. There was no such thing as hospital instruction, 
and what would be called in modern times Materia Medica 
was represented only by the empirical knowledge of humble 



ooyGoo^Ie 



WTRODUCTTON. 37 

collectors of simples, and by the works of scholars learned 
only in books who gave descriptions borrowed at second or 
third hand from the Arabian physicians, or at a still greater 
distance from Aristode. Medical learning, thus understood, 
received like all other learning the stimulus of two great 
movements, the revival of Greek literature, with the con- 
sequent higher estimation of the classical Latin writers, on 
the one hand, and on the other hand the readier diffusion of 
books through the invention of printing. How the classical 
revival affected letters in general, theology and philosophy, is 
well known. Everywhere men became aware more or less 
distinctly that there was a new world of knowledge within 
their reach, but concealed from them by a mass of com- 
mentary and compilation, barbarous in language, and corrupt 
in substance, though professedly founded on the works of 
those great authors who were little more than names to the 
mediaeval scholars. Gradually the great figures of antiquity 
became more distinct, as the followers of the new learning 
tore off the barbarous wrappings which had so long hidden or 
distorted them. It was in this spirit that the scholars set to 
work in their great task of restoring antiquity. There were 
doubtless many other aims, and some of them higher, which 
animated the more ardent spirits of the Renaissance, but of 
these we cannot pretend to speak. What alone concerns us 
here is their resolute endeavour to get at the real Aristotle, 
Plato or Homer, instead of the reflections and shadows of 
them which had long been reverenced. It was this spirit 
which made the printing of the first edition of Homer by 
Chalcondylas and Demetrius Cretensis in 1488, seem to them, 
as it has indeed seemed to later generations, an epoch in 
literature. It was this which in the next generation led 
Erasmus to devote years of labour to bringing out the Novum 



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38 INTRODUCTION. 

Testamentum, and it was in this spirit too, that Linacre the 
pupil of Chalcondylas and the teacher of Erasmus, standing 
between the literary and the religious revival, conceived the 
two great projects of his life, the publication of Aristotle and 
Galen in a form accessible to the whole learned world. The 
first scheme indeed he scarcely commenced, of the latter he 
did but little, though as he says " nihil magis in votis erat." 

To discover the genuine text of an ancient author and 
rriake it known may seem to us a useful task, though not 
among the greatest, but to the scholars of the Renaissance 
it was a matter of supreme importance. Linacre and his fellow 
workers doubtless expected that medicine would profit as 
much by the rediscovery of the Greek medical writings as 
letters and philosophy had gained from the masterpieces of 
Greek poetry and speculation ; and it was with such hopes 
that they undertook to revive and make known the works 
of Galen. Galen, like Aristotle, had been very imperfectly 
known, even to those who most implicitly acknowledged his 
authority. With regard to Aristotle Sir Alexander Grant 
has pointed out that thousands of scholars who considered 
themselves staunch Aristotelians, knew not a word of the 
master beyond the two first treatises in the Organon ; and 
in the same way, many who reverenced Galen as the source 
of all medical knowledge, knew him only through imperfect 
Latin versions, the compilations of mediseval scholars, or of 
the Arabians, whose works were chiefly based on Galen, and 
who had in this case as in that of Aristotle the credit of 
making a Greek author in large measure known to the 
modern worid. 

The works of Avicenna, Mesua and others were the chief 
medical text-bcoks in Europe before, and even for a long 
time after, the revival of learning. The Jewish teachers, who 



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INTRODVCTION. 39 

had founded schools of surgery in many European cities, 
(among others in Oxford, before the rise of the University) 
were versed in Arabian learning, and thus it came to pass 
that medicine presented itself to the mediaeval world in an 
Arabian dress. Froni these sources and from the teachers of 
the school of Salerno, were compiled the manuals of the 
" Arabistse " or " Neoterici," which under such names as 
Articella, Practica, Lilium Medicime, Rosa Anglica were the 
daily guides of the medical practitioner. 

'W hen the Arabian writers fell into disrepute, partly through 
being condemned as heretical, and partly as being barbarous 
in style, it was regarded, if one may say so, as a sort of in- 
dignity that Medtcal Science should still be so much beholden 
to the infidel sages. Those physicians who were also scholars 
felt this to be a reproach which must be wiped out This 
feeling, fantastic as it may seem, was apparently wide-spread 
through the Httle world of scholars, and has been expressed by 
one of them in a manner so strange that I cannot forbear to 
quote it both for the sake of the grain of truth which it con- 
tains, and for its unconscious reflection of the fantastic ideas of 
the age. 

The author Symphorien Champier was a physician of 
Lyons, a voluminous writer as well as a liberal and wealthy 
patron of letters. The extract is from a short tract Symphonia 
Galeni ad Hippocratem, Comelii Celsi ad Avicennam, una 
cum sectis antiquorum medkorum ac recentium, forming the 
introduction to a little work on Clysters, Clysteriorum campi 
contra Arabum opinionem pro Galeni sententid, etc, which is 
known in Hterature as the original of the "Treatise on Clysters, 
by S. C", placed by Rabelais in the catalogue of books 
forming the library of St Victor. 

After lamenting that for so many centuries pure literature, 



ooyGoo^Ie 



40 INTRODUCTION. 

that is Greek and Roman, should have been neglected, and 
instead the mean ditties {nenue) of certain pretenders should 
have been cultivated. Indignum facinus, says Champier, (ita 
me deus amet) nullis bobtis, nullisque victimis expiandum. 

Next, passing to the subjects of philosophy and medicine, 
he represents a war as arising between the Arabians and the 
Classics, which might have ended disastrously for the latter, 
but for the interposition of divine providence. 

" jam eo insolentiae ac temeritatis devenerant Arabi prin- 
cipes, ut nobis medicam artem funditus auferre audacissime 
conarentur; quandoquidem castra solventes in Graxos ac 
Latinos omnem belli impetum convertebant, multaque millia 
processerant, cum deus Opt Max. (cujus est hominum repente 
et consilia et animos tmmutare) ut auguror sanctissimi Lucse 
precibus et orationibus flexus, auxiliarios milites demisit, qui 
obsidione miseros, Hippocratem, Galenum, Dioscoridem, 
Paulum Aeginetam et nostrum Celsum Cornelium, jam dedi- 
tionem cogitantes eriperent et liberarent ; idque quanta sit 
confectum diligentia, in confesso est. Hippocrati non pauci 
auxilio fuere, Galeno ab Arabum principe oppresso strennue 
[sic] adfuit Vicentinorum duxfNicolaus Leonicenus], praeterea 
ex Gallia Copus, ex Anglia Linacrus, bone deus quo studio, 
qua alacritate. Porro Dioscoridi Gallorum virtus et ferocia, 
Venetorum prudentia, Florentinorum divitiK opem tulerunt" 

This passage only puts in an extravagant form the same 
ideas about the value of ancient learning in relation to medi- 
cine which we have already quoted from the letters of Leoni- 
cenus, and of Aldus. 

A more serious scholar than Symphorien Champier, Janus 
Cornarius, has left a very clear statement of the position 
which Galen and the ancient medical writers were considered 
to occupy at this critical.epoch in the history of learning. 



c;yG00^Ic 



mrkODvcTtON. 4 i 

He says that medicine, like all good atts and disciplines, 
comes. from the Greeks, and is to be learnt from their works 
alone. As to the Arabs, Avicenna, Rhazes and others, who 
now-a-days reign in nearly all our schools, and the numerous 
Italian or French physicians, who have become celebrated by 
writing so many of the books called 'Practica' they are 
physicians only in name. It were to be wished, he says, 
that all public schools would acknowledge their errors and 
repudiate the barbarian physicians, as the Florentine academy 
had done. 

"At vero non penitus desperandum quando nuper adeo 
una Florentina Academia resipiscendo aliquando etiam aliia 
spem nobis exhibuit, quee excusso Arabicje et barbane servi- 
tutis medicae jugo, ex professo se Galenicam appellavit et 
profligato barbarorum exercitu, unum totum et solum Galenum, 
ut optimum artis medicse authorem, in omnibus se sequuturum 
pollicita est 16 ." 

The above extracts will shew far more vividly than any 
generalized statements in what light Galen and the ancients 
appeared to scholars at the time of the revival of learning, 
Before considering what was the actual efifect of the revival 
of the ancient medicine on modern science and practice, it 
may be well to clear away a certain amount of misconception 
which has been prevalent on the subject. 

It is often assumed that the study of Galen introduced 
the habit of relying implicitly on authority and dogma, and 
thus retarded the progress of medicine. But in reality the 
habits of submission to authority and blind acceptance of 
tradition were already prevalent, and had been so long before 
the revival of learning. Never were men more ready to bow 
down to authority than in the middle ages ; and, in name at 
least, they reverenced even the anCient rulers of thought, 



c;yG00^Ic 



42 INTRODUCTION. 

Aristotle, Galen and Hippocrates, though it was to distorted 
images of these heroic personages that their homage was paid. 
The names of Galen and Hippocrates were associated with 
corrupt and often spurious treatises, of which the style was as 
barbarous as the matter was worthless. The aphorisms of 
Hippocrates were known in Latin versions as the Amfilforismz, 
a barbarism perpetuated even by Symphorien Champier. 
Galen was chiefly known by a little treatise, often copied and 
printed with the title Liber Tegni Galieni, afterwards known 
as the Ars Parva to distinguish it from the great Methodus 
Medendi, translated by Linacre. The quaint tide of this work 
!s a history and a commentary in itself ; a scholar might well 
be puzzled with the word Tegni, which seems to suggest an 
tmaginary author, Tegnus Galienus. But this word is simply 
a corruption of the Greek tcwij, handed down by a succession 
of scribes ignorant of Greek. Moreover, as in the case of 
Aristotle, not only were the works ascribed to Galen and 
Hippocrates corrupted and misunderstood ; but their best 
works were unknown. If men were to bow down to canonical 
authority it was better they should have the best works of the 
writers regarded as canonical, and have them unadulterated. 

On the lowest view then the change was rather the sub- 
stitution of one dogma for another than the introduction of 
the dogmatic habit; but in reality a much wider and more 
salutary reform was involved. In the first place, the new 
authorities were actually much more valuable than the"t>ld, 
and in the second place the new dogma, instead of being 
merely conservative and petrifying, was found to be innovating 
and inspiriting in its tendency. Galen himself was not so strictly 
a Galenist as his followers. His works shew (in spite of his 
undeniable and fatal love of system and formula) enterprise and 
originality, with frequent reference to observation, and even 



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INTRODUCTION. 43 

experiment, They led also inevitably to a study of Hippocrates, 
a writer far more unsystematic, and free from the vice of 
formalism, whose sagacity and power of observation give his 
works a perennial freshness. - Finally, the revival of the ancient 
classics led to the revival also of the sciences on which modern 
medicine rests, and which were destined to overthrow all the 
dogmatic systems, viz. Anatomy and the knowledge of Drugs. 

Haller, speaking of the progress of anatomy in the i6th 
century, attributes it to two chief causes, the revival of the 
works of Galen, and the invention of printing. Not less did 
Botany and Pharmacology take a new departure from the 
works of Dioscorides. It would thus appear that the task 
of Linacre and the scholars, really though not in appearance, 
contributed to the scientific movement which was the turning- 
point in modern medicine. This movement was the special 
work of the i6th century. The time had not yet come for 
the reform in practical medicine which the progress of the 
sciences rendered possible, and which was reserved to be the 
special glory of the next age. But a definite and brilliant 
service was rendered to Ae progress of medicine by the 
scholars of the Renaissance, among whom no name is oetter 
entitled to be held in grateful remembrance than that of 
Thomas Linacre. 

It would be out of place here to enter into any generat 
estimate of the value of Galen's writings. They are of im- 
mense bulk, and few persons in modern times can claim to 
have done more than dip into them. But this massiveness and 
bulk were perhaps even among the features which caused his 
works to be held in such high estimation. They formed a vast 
encyclopadia in which all the ancient medical lore was com- 
prised. A very large part of the works even of Hippocrates 
may be said to be contained in Galen, and many older 



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44 WTRODUCTION. 

writcra are now only known through the account which Galen 
has given of them. The Galenical collection embraces ana- 
tomy, physiology. practical medicine, and what we should now 
call Hygiene, as well as dissertations on the history and sects 
of medicine, with many curious anecdotes and allusions to the 
manners and opinions of his time. We hear also of works on 
logic and philosophy which are almost entirely lost 

This encyclopxdic knowledge was classified with a sys- 
tematjc minuteness and a delusive appearance of scientific 
precision which especially fitted Galen to be a ruler of thought 
in ages when men were willing to accept an intellectual 
despotism. The disctple of Galen had a formula to explain 
every disease, and a rule for the treatment of every case. 

What his general principles were is shewn very cleariy 
in the work now reprinted, which is rather physiological or 
physical than strictly mcdical. In it we find developed the 
theory of humours and temperaments, which formed the 
physiological basis of Galen's system of medicine ; and which, 
conveyed through many popular medical works to the lay 
public, entered largely into the current philosophy of the time. 
Hence Linacre speaks of this work as not less necessary to 
philosophers than to physicians. Some knowledge of these 
ldeas is indispensable for understanding many aliusions and 
metaphors in English writers of the Elizabethan age. Nay 
more, a great part of it has passed into our common Tanguage. 
Such words as ' kumour' in its many acceptations, and many 
compounds, temperament, temper, ekoler, melwnckoly and others 
derived all their original significance from the place which 
they held in the GaJenical system It is perhaps not too 
much to suppose that this very version may have been among 
the sources whence sueh writers as Elyot (who was a pupil of 
Linacre) in his Casttll of Hdtk, Bright, thc predecessot 



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WTRODUCTION. 45 

of Burton, tn his TreaMse of ' Mdanckolie, and later, Walkington, 
in the fantastic book cafied The Optick Glasse of Humors, 
obtained the ideas which, popularized by them, became the 
common property of scholars and literary men. From this 
point of view, our treatise is not without importance in the 
history of English literature. 

The little treatise at the end, De Inaguali intemperie, is no 
part of the work which precedes it ; but is apparently appended 
by Linacre to shew Galen's application of his physiological 
system to certain points in pathology or the theory of disease. 

It is only necessary to say in conclusion that this version 
of the De Temperamentis appears to have been the first ever 
made in Latin, or at-least published. Orlandi (in 1722) 
speaks of a previous edition with Linacre's name, published at 
Venice in the year 1498, but this statement is certainly erro- 
neous. All the enquiries of Lioacre's learned biographer, 
Dr Noble Johnson, and of the present editor, have failed to 
establish/the existence of any such edition, and indeed the 
preface to this edition is of itself enough to refute the story. 
The treatise De inesquali intemperie on the other hand had 
been previously translated into Latin, though not by Linacre. 
It is included in a collection of Latin versions of many of 
the works of Galen and others, translated by Georgius Valla, 
of Piacenza. This was printed at Venice in 1498; and hence, 
no doubt, the source of the confusion between Valla's trans- 
lation of this treatise and Linacre's translation of this and the 
De Temperamentis. I have seen the third edition of Valla's 
collection published at Pavia 1516; the version of this treatise 
there given is quite different from Linacre's. Dr Johnson 
is responsible for the statement that a second edition of 
both was published during Linacres lifetirne, of which a 
presentation copy on vcllum given to Henry VIII. is in the 



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46 WTRODUCTION. 

Bodleian Library. But an examination of this copy has 
convinced me that it is of the same edition, though an error 
in the printing of the last six leaves makes it appear different 
According to the British Museum Catalogue a second edition 
in 24010. was printed at London in 1527. The version was 
frequently reprinted on the continent, either alone or as a part 
of the coUected Latin editions of Galen's works ; but no sub- 
sequent cdition has appeared in this country. 



LIST OF LINACRES PUBLISHED WORKS. 

I. Translation of Proclus de Spkard. Venice, by Aldus Roraanus, 1499. Folio. 
3. Translation of Gaten, De Sanitate luendd. Paris, Gulielmus Rubeus, 1517. 
Folio. , 

3. Trauslation of Galen, Methedus MedendL Paris, Desiderius Maheu, 1519- 
Folio. 

4. Trauslation of Galcn, De Tem^erameittis et de inaquali mtemperie, Cam- 
bridge, Siberch, 1521. 410. 

5. Translation of Galen, De Naturalibits Facultatitms. London, Richard 
Pynson, 1523. 4to. 

6. Trauslation of Galen, De Pulsuum usu. London, 'in sdibus pinsonianis,' 
sine anno. 4to. 

7. Translation of Galen, De Symfitomatum Differtnliis et causis. London, 
Pynson, 1524- 4t«- 

8. Rudimenta Grammatices. London, ' in sedibus pinsonianis,' sine anno. 410. 

9. Dt emendald structmrS LatUti sermmis. Londen, Pynson, 1524. 4to. 



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NOTES. 



SOURCES OF THE BIOGRAPHY OF LINACRE. 

THE only sepaiate biography of Linacre is that by Dr Noble Johnson, a fellow 
of the College of Pbysicians, published, in 1835 aftcr the author^s death, under the 
editorship of Mr Robert Graves. From this the biographical part of the short 
sketch here given has been chiefly derived. Dr Johnson collected with great 
learning and industry the contemporary notices of Linacre, as well as all that has 
appeared in later writers, and investigated rnany manuscript authorities. It would 
be ungrateful here to point out the few errors into which he has fallen, especially 
■as they are probably partly due to his work having been published without the 
authors personal revision, The earliest life is either that contained in the Elogia 
contributed by George Lily to the Descriptio Britannia of Paulus Jovius, Venetiis, ^ 
1548 (also Basileas IS78),orthat givenin Bale'sIItustriummqforis Britannite scrip- * 
torum summarium. Gippeswici, 1548. Further materials are contained in Leland 

{Principum et eruditorum etc. tncomia. London 1589) Pits {De IHustriius Anglias 

scriptoribus); Freind's History of Physic; the Biographia Britannica; Wood's 
Atktnat Oxonitnsss, Bishop TannePs Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica, etc. 
Later biographical collections, such as Aitken's Biographical Memoirsof Mtdicine, 
the U-ves of the British Physicians, and Dr Munk's learned Roll of the Royal 
Cotlege of Physicians, have added little or nothing. The present Editor has care- 
fully verified most of Dr Johnson's references ; and corrected or added a few facts, 

but has found little to glean afterso exhaustive a wc " 

of this short introduction owes little to Dr Johnson. 
the University Librarian, for some valuable hints. 

NOTES (referred to in text). 
1. (Page 7). There is no reference to Linacre or Selling in the Stemmata 
Chickeleana or in the MS. additions made to the copy in the library of AU Souls' 
College. 

- 2. (P. 10). Procli de Sphtera, in the collection called Astrmomici Vtterts, KfflM- 
tiis curd Aldi Romani 1499. 

3. (P. 12). Dr Johnson quotes Pace/s Dt Fructu qui tx DoctrinS ptrcipitur. 
Basilece Froben 1517, p. 76. 



aft yGooQle 



Also in Angeli Potitiani tt oiiorum tpistobz. Lib. il, epist. 3, 4 ct seq. (EdL 
Hanovias 1622, page 46). 

6. (P. 14). Johnson's Li/e of Linacrt, page 147. It does not appear whence 
these verses are quoted, as no reference is given by Dr Johnson. 

7. (P. 15). Seebohm. The Ox/ord Rt/ormers: Colet, Erasmus, and More. 
and edition. London 1869, page 17. 

8. (P. 17). Eraimi Roterodami Moria encomium. BasUese, Froben 1521, 
page 251. 

(Is thii passage the foundation of Mr Browning"s fine poem, "The Gram- 
marian's funeral '?) 

9. (P. 18). Pauli Jevii Novocomensis episcopi Descriptio Britannia. Basileas 
1571, p. 40. Elogia virorum per Georgium Lilium Britannum exarata. 

10. (P. 19). Sir John Cheke : 

Jeannis Cheki Angli de pronuntiatione Gracas potissimum lingua disputa- 
tiones eum Stephano Wintoniensi Episcopo. Basilece 1555, p. 176 and 281, etc 
Linacre's name is brought in as follows. Bishop Gardiner finds fault with Cheke 
for too Ciceronian a style of writing (Ciceronii grandiloquentiam ad sententias de 
rebus levibus atque ridiculis inconcinne additam et accommodatam), and quotes to 
him Erasmus in Ciceronianos and also Linacre, who he says never admired the 
style of Cicero and could not listen to it without disgust. Cheke retorts in the 
manner we. have quoted, " Si de acumine et celeritate ingenii disputatur etc. — in eo 
si sunc viveret, tibi laudem concederet," and makes the curious remark that it is 
strange Linacre could not listen to Cicero without disgust, when his work De 
structurd abounds with examples taken from Cicero. Perhaps, Cheke euggests, 
he had not really neglected the study of that writer, but through some perversity 
wished to be thought to have neglected him, "ut non tam fortasse revera neglexerit, 
qnam animi quadam morositate videri voluit neglexisse." 

1 1. (P. 21). The phrase quoted from Tanner, Eibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica, 
seems to refer clearly to ordination, not merely to collation to a benefice. 

12. (P. 21). See Dr Munk. Roll o/ the College o/ Physicians. ind edition 
1878, page 16. 

■3. (P. 2;). "pro ocio in quod me (honorifico collato sacerdotio) ex negocio 
primus vindicasti." Introduction to Galen, De Naturalieus EacuUatibus, London, 
1523. 

14 (P. 34). This foible of over-elaboration is discussed at great length by 
Bayle in his article on Linacre in the Dictionary. He remarks that thongh 
this is not a common fault with authors, it has often operated to the prejudicc 
of the best, and to the consequent loss of the public 

15. (P. 41). Janus Cornarius, in his introduction (dated 1535) to Marcellus de 
Medicamentis, published in the collection called Medica Artis Principes, Paris, 
Henr. Stephanus, 1567. 



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SANCTISSIMO DOMINO NO* 
STRO PAPAE LEOM DECIMO, 

Thomas Unacer Medicorum 
Minimus. S.D, .*. 

nhanc ttibi fucubratiuncula 

ra Beatif Eme Patex quafi 

is aptam ftudijs diguamve 

Fero, que totu totius diri* 

ianae Rcip. gubernaculis in 

imbere omnes feimus,fed 

atura no ingratam fperem. 

quibus quidquid vfui efle potcft, tibi quocp fo 

re iueundum no dubito. Accedit quod quu re* 

cens in me coflatx no Vulgaris munificeriar tuar, 

qua me quocp ftcut rdiquos quicuncjj te olim co 

muabamurin ludum beareescognatus,nonim 

memore me aliquo filte offtcrj genere dedarare 

Volui: vnu hoc inter facultates meas quoid efB* 

cereconarer Itferarium pertpext genus . quod et 

mflit cui pene praeter literas nihil eft,et tibi qut in 

literis es emtneadi mus maximc vifu fit congrues, 

Tn quo genere Gafcni hic, fe obtulit IibeQ 9 .breuis 

olno, fednon minus phdofbphis qu3 medicis 

neceflarius. Qui breuitatefua fimul ofFidu meu 

tninus erat moraturus,fimuf meae in uer tedo ,qua 

tufceaicp, certetenu is facultatisguftu alique tibi 

pncbuurus. Pereyguacfateor jres, nfmis cp im* 



coyGoO^Ic 



par quae pro tanterxnignifatfs vel Mnemofyno 

ad (acraprdferumCelfirudine tua mitiatur.Veru 

ct cuius ipfc vicem in terru geris paupercula? mu* 

lieris ctuo minuta probauiuet mola falfa litare cos, 

qiri chura non haberenc, proditu no ignoras.Sut 

fane mihi plura maiora cp in manib 9 , qwe vt pri* 

mu per valetudineetminifterr) meiofiicialiccbit, 

firibiba-c nondifplicere intelligam, fubnoie tuo 

(modoidnongrauerisj acdentur. Non quoxjs 

opersepreciu tjbi vllu me facluru autiime, quod 

loJico mihi de meo ingemolo fperare non Kcet, 

fed quo rjs ex prxfatioe nois tui,qoV. merito litera 

tis omnib 9 cft chariflimu, gratia aliqua autoritate 

cp capte. Permultu fane fi qui crut qui exvigitrjs 

meis frudrum afique perdpient ,Sancl itari tua? de 

biturn, qui tam inugtri beneficetia ftudioru 

meorum odo cofulueris, Deu opt.Max. 

precordiuienobtsfiTuetattpincccpta 

tuaomnia (ecudet. Londuii. Anno 

Chrifttan* fahms. M. D, XXI. 

NonisScpieinbris. ,?, 



coyGoO^Ic 



ELENCHV3 SEQVEN 
PROHeiKt)ihuiusintelIigeaa,(cireIicet,quuin 
ftngulis huius codicis pagdlis viginti lepte vetfus 
conrineatur: diujfis ijsintreisnouenarios:per A 
Cgnificamreoru prim'. per Biccudus. etperC 
Cerrius . Sicintra noue femper verliis lecflor quod 
tx Elenchorequiret,n5diffiailterinueniet.Mo<" 
do qui breuiffimus labor eru,fingulis Iibri chartis 
numerumadfcribereyelit. ,'. 

A_ 

AnimansinrummocaliduHumidu frigidumaut 
ficcumnuHumefle. folioprimo.pagina. i. C 
Autumni incomodum. fo. vrj. i. B 

Autumniqualtcas. fo.eodem. i.C 

Autumnietveriscollatio. fo. eodem. i>A 
AnimaKa quomodo veteribus calida et humida 
fintdiAa. V fo.x. rj.A 

Atreebilistemperict. fo.xxxiij.t. C 

Animalcalidum et humidumcurdixerintuete* 
res . to.eodem. fj.C 

Adipisetcarnitvaria; oufc. fb.xxxiiq. rj.B 
Anatomica (peeulacio. fo.xlrj. rj. C 

Ariftotdemdefubfetiafortnatricis vimiiis dii» 
bicafle. fo.xKitj.ij. A 

Abcdguomometotmgnam fieriinrerdum mu 
tationem^tciusreiejteniplum, foli.i.C 

Archimedes. foliojij. i . B 

DijilinaoyGoOgle 



TTS OPERIS. 
Attcndendu in Gcco et humi. quid per ft uk li 
quid per acddens. fo.lv. n.B 

Aliqna pao a noftro corpore magis qua agere 
aliquamagisagercquapati. ornniaverotuagere 
tumpati. foJvirj.iC 

Hirasia. folio.lvirj. rj.C 

Aliquaprimo rcatim vfualterationemfuam ofte 
dcrc. fo.KxiA 

Absquibuscxtcrnisiudicadu. fo.Ixi. rj.B 

Ad aliquid efli quicquid ptate dktt . foJxtu>rj.C 
Arcerias et vcnas partcs efle compofitas. fo Jx vi * 
Aliter fimpKce carne aliter vniuerfummufculum 
inaequalitcmpcrieatFciftumcfle fo.lxvi. 

Abfceffioqucmeliorlitqucdeterior. fo.lxVrj 
Alcerationis varietates in phlegmonis, ex quincp 
generibusaccidere. , fo.lxviq* 

Animaliuquacdacouenictes, qtKedacotratiosin 
tcr fe fuccos habcre 

Aliquos rigere ncc tamenfebricitare.Ratucjjid 

B (foJxxrj. 

Btliofumquod in uentriculogignimr quo fitco» 

fore.etquoquodiniodnore. fo.xHfjjj.A 

C 
Ca!idum,humidu/rigidu, Gccu mulrifariam did 
Aritcotdcmcenfuifle. fbuxrj.C 

Calidum etfrigidumjiumidumet ficeudididem 
corpusmultismodis. fo.xirj. i.B 



,,Goosk 



ELENCHVS SEQVEN 

Calidu & frigidu non de corporibus modo,ied 
etfi de qualitaabus interdu dici. eode. n. C 
Calida, fri. hu< flc.vt (ubftatia;, quar.foixv .i.B 
Ca!ida.frig.bumi.fic abfolute quac. fcxvi. ij. B 
Cutem in catore & fcrigorc medium optinere 
ftaium. fo.xxi.i. B 

Cnondrofyndefmos fo. eodem. rj. A 

Calidumtnaaaribusqualiter taifcu fit difccmeru 
dum. foHojodx. i.A 

Catorem ihpueris &Horentibus parem efle.fo, 
Carnofi generis (pecies.fo.xxxn, i. A ' xxxi. i. B 
Caro proprie, qux fobo eodem. i. A 

Carnem icianoris,lien<s,pulnionis ) &renu.lim 
pKcis naturae ene. fo- eodem. rj. B 

Cordis arne no efte fimplice. fb.eode.rj.B 
Camein ventrieuli, vteri,& veficarum propriam 
quandam efte. folio eodem. rj. C 

Camis temperies. fo. xxxiij..t.A 

Garolaginis cemperametu. fo. xxxitj. i. B 
Calcarium teniperies fblio eodem. i. B 

Carnofiquk folioxxxtirj.rj.B 

Cofuetudtne efli acquiuaoa natura. fo eo. n. B 
Caluicur. folio xxxix. i. B 

Cani cur. folto eodtm. rj. A 

CurcaluialtncipBecaniateporib'magis fiatfo. 
Cut maxime atcendedu curn cor» (eode.rj.B 
porii teperie iudicabmius, fo.eode. rj.B 

iijiiiuaoyGoOgle 



•ns OPERIS. 

Cur quib» hirt» eft thorax ob ichpfii aliquado re 
liquis partib°dilIimiliGnt teperameto,fo.xl.fj,C 
Cuus quando fiib ie pofitaru partiu tcmpericm 
indicet,&quarum. folioxli. i, C 

Cofiderandu ctiafi quid raroaccidit .fo. xlrj.rj.A 
Cerebri ipfi»temperarnetum ex quibus dignolca 
tur fo.jdiirj.i.A 

Cau6qua-dShuiditatisicarne fo.xlvi.i,A 

Cofideradu efle ex quibus & in quac mutatioes 
fintrWbe. folio eodem i. B 

Cur aliquapioiinus,aliquainterpofitotempore 
calefaciant. fblio 1, fj. B 

CalefecereoTseeaKmericc*cmefFecK.fo.lf|.fj.A 
CuraUquaeorumquaeutalimentacomedutur, 
cua' impofica exulceret . folio.liij.fj. A 

Corpora calida. frigkla.hu. & ficquxdam per 
(etaliaefle,quedaexaccidenti. fo.lv. i.B 
Cantharidas Veficam exukerare, fo.eode.rj. A 
Comune iudiciu fn onibus quz poteftate lunt 
cx aberatioDts celeritate. folio.lvi. i. B 

Cotrariaasnaturae vnde iudicJda.fo^ode.ij.C 
Cedendum aliquando efle non exacliiume lo» 
qucntibus. folo lvifj.fi. B 

Cibi pariter & mech'cameta,que. fb'Hx.1. B 
Calidi. frigidi. humidi. fica'.rc(pec"tu noftri iudi 
ctum a nobis certu efle pofle. fblio bd.rj. A 
Cator quodo ex acrideh r e fi^g e m . fo.bdij4J.B 



,,Goosk 



EL.ENCHVS SEQVEN 

Calidum reuma quemadmodum muiculi partes 
Corporisteperies quadocxrrifc» (iuadaUoJxvi 
cus^tquJdointemealteretur. fojxxi. 

CuraliquifinHilrigeantctfebriritent fo.eode. 
Conccxftionemplileginonrs duofcqui. fojxvrj. 

Demonftrationis ois principia efle quz fenfui et 

Sieimdleauifintnvuiildla. fo.xxviij.rj. B 
uruettrKxlecu^ediocritercalniudicada fo. 
DubitauodcnonnuBisquomodo (xxxi.rj-C 
calidafrigidaueappellentur. fo.xlix.iA 

Diuerforuexmedicameus erfecluucaufie fojiii) 
Diacanthaidon. foJv.rj.A ti.C 

Ddeterion. folio Jvi. rj. A 

Ddeterea vndeiudicanda. fo.eodem. tj. C 
Dubioiioderjsquarfub caloreapplicata,tamcri 
refrigeram foJvr)J.C 

Duplidterfierialiquidcalidius. fojix. ij. A 
DupUdterfierialiauidfrigidius. fo. eode. JJ.B 
DiuiCopartiSmaioriiinfibiproximas. IbJxvi. 
Digeftioncin ph!egm5e maxieoptand»" effccu 
DolorquJdoclefinat.fo.eode (raaone.fo.lxvt) 
Dolorisinfebrifpadumeteiustermin».foJxix, 

B 
Eufecos, fblio.xij.LA 

Eucraton corpus quod dicaturi fcxvrj. ij.B 
Exflmitatc de folonafo iudiandu.fo, xly. i. A 



,,GoosIe 



TIS OPERIS. 
Ecror a!iu« in nidicjdis teperameris fo.xlvi. rf. B 

F. 
Frigidam temperie nee huinidam neceflario efle 
nec Gccam. fblio xvij. i. C 

Floreiceris etatistemperies. fo. xxv.i. A 
Fibrae temperies. folio eode. i. A 

Fibreevaria: folio xxxrj, r/. C 

Flauae bflts temperies. folto xxxirj. i. C 

Formatrice vianifice facultate efle fo.xliirj, fj, A 
FriRidaper naruram immodice calefadla vim fu 
am amittrre. folioIviij.i.A 

H. 
Humidum & calidum tempcrametum efle pef 
fimum fb. virj. i. A 

Honrinis cute mediu efle m calidofri.humore 
&6ccpropriecpe5quasimanueft fo.xix.f).B 
Habitushirfutus&glaberquamtemperirm co 
mitentur, Folioxxxvi.i.B 

Hypophora depitoru generatioe folio eo. i.C 
Hippocratrs folio Ixvfj, 

Hipophoia &SoIurio, foSb bdx, 

Hippocratii diftum ,&eiufdem nonnulla pro» 
babilitas foKo, eodem 

Hepialo» qua: vbcetur. fblio Ixxr. 

Iulficia qirid. folio. xtifj i. B- 

Intemperiei quse in altera tantu oppofirione ex 



,,Goosk 



BLBNCHVS SEQVEN 
cedunt.quolocoponendx. fo.xvfj. fj.G 
Intemperiesduplex. fo.xxxv.i.C 

Inteperiimeticjuoditrafinital?fit^JOta.f.eo.tj.A 
IntcrtiaruparticuUru teperieexrikfti6ib»digno* 
ice^,tuexcorinenueaspamuaffe<Su.fb.xliAC 
InacqualeseflecemperiesiaregioibramKpcratis 
Inaequalemefleteperknipartruqua: (fb.eo.fj.A 
phlegmonelaborant. Fo.xIvfj.i.C 

Inijiqua:poteiEateca!ida,frigidavefut^rriage» 
nera fpeitanda. foJv.fj.A 

Iunioresmediciinquofuerintfalfi. fo.lix.fj.A 
Incxploridomedicamento aliudquiddamobler 
uandum. fo.lxfj.i.C 

InpMegmoneduplice>lTeaffec1um.fo.lxiij,fj.B 
In explorando medicamento aliud obleruandam 
foHoeodem. (fo.rj. C. 

In phlegmonequis fangirisprimum calefiatquis 
deinceps. foJxVifj 

Incc»porequodph!egtTic*laboretquidmaximc 
inflSmeturquiddeinde. fo.eodem 

Indolefcmriadnheifticiscaula. fojxix. 

Inaequalitasteperameriinfanis fndolcsefc.fo.co. 
Inax(ualjsinteperanietigefier3divarieroncsXlxx 
In hepialis cur friguset calor Gmul letiant.fo. Ixxi 
In acceitfonumfnuafionefebriatantcsaliquosrrf 
gusetcatoremfimullentfre. fo.eodcm. 

InlipyrfjsvtnjtKjpapewoitavtinacceffionibus 

),jii„ M o,GoosIe 



TTS OPERB. 

lennrj, L> fo.eodem. 

Lacfuca cur (bmnoconducat. fbJixXA 

L«9uca:fijccum liberalius fumptu.fimilem vim 
habere cupapauerisfucco. foJx.iA 

M 

MoI]esetduraemanusadquidapta:.fb.xxi.iA 
Membranaetemperies. fo.xxxiij.iA 

Medius(iueeufarcos,quis fo.xij.iA 

Mediuintotoanimaliumgencre. fb.xi,fj.C 
Mediuminhoimlpccie. fo.eodem.fj.C 

Mediocriter calens fit oportet,quod ficcum hunri 
dumveiuchcabis, b.xix. i.B 

Miningon fiue membranarum cerebritemperies 
Medrjcamiaginis et ligameri (folio.xxxii/. i. A 
eorporis, temperies io.codcm , i. B 

Mdancbolicatemperamentavnde. fo.xrtii. C 
Mdancholicus,quis fo.xIvfj.i.A 

Mdancholid futuri,cjuf fb.xh/i. fj. A 

Medicamentorum natura duplex fo.Ii. fj. B 
Medfcamemruterriaquedalpecies. fo.eo. ij.B 
MecHcamentoru quarta Ipedes (b.eo.fj.C 

Medicamentum Medese fbJrj,i.B 

Medicamematantum,qua;(nit foJvi.fjA 

Medicamentum quando tepidu applicandu fit, 
quandofrigidum fo.lxiiijii.B 

Mifcereflmplidacorpora humani facuharisnon 
eu^ieddeiuelnamrae fojax.i.C 



,,GoosIe 



BLENCHVS SEQyEN 

NeruorOm tcmperies folio xxxrj. rj. A 

Notxdi(cCTnediaveWaiIont4diudeiJdin.i.B 
Nibil nutrirt niD quod [oafubftada td akwxe 
mutauit folio.li. i. A 

NutririottcefleaiuWaric^perrecTa fbJixB 
Nutrimentum triplex folrb litj. i. A 

NuDimewccnpuscalefacit. fo. c5de.uA 
Noic naturse quidintelligat Gakn' foJvirj.i. B 

o 

Opiniones de,temperamenris folio i. fj. A 
Opinio quxda fo.eo.t>A. Opinioaliafo.ro. 
Opinionis radonrs folioij. i. A (r(.C 

Opinionis alterius rationes foubirj.fj. A 

Opintonesquopcccent foho.iiij. i. B 

Opinio feSatorum Athinei folio V. i C 
Opinionis Athinei fofratoru error fo.vi.iJV 
Os fkcuqueadrnoduabfoluto fermGe dicac f.irj 
Occairoerrcrocircalenuteperiefo.xxvJ.B(rjJ\ 
Offis temperies folio xxxiij i. B 

OpHones denorjsaboculis. fo. xrtirj.i.C 
Oem aburaagereinoftTucorp'o]!pari.fJx.i.C 
Oblcruac!uinexpk)ta^orrKdicarnetofoJxij.i.C 
Omne irnmodicuexceilu adatiquidefle fo.Ixx. 
Oem febrepreter bafticea laborate letiri fo.eo. 

P. 
Plara VeIaTalqnoptiefehaberedicaf.fo.xiirj.i.A 
Polydoi ftatua «f» folio xx, rj. B 

D,jil,naoyGoOgIe 



_ TTS OPERIS. 

Particularu ornniu teperamenta. fo. xxxir).i,A 
Parechyma fjaouj. i.B. Pli teperiej f.Tnrir[j.B 
Pitute: temperia fojioeodem. i. C 

Piguis macaue,co(ueiudini8 alicuproe qiris fo. 
Pflc»ugrneradotur6.fojuaVij.i.B (xjariii>i.A 
Pilinigrivn.fo.ecuj.B Pt1inauivn.fo - eo.ij.C 
Pilialbivnfo.eo-ij.C Pdirufi vfi fo.eo.rj.C 
PiHcrifpivnde folioeodem. rj. C 

PrKin capite fuperdlijs dlijfcp cur nobifcu coge* 
niti .'.. .C. fo.xxxvifj.fj. C 

Pili capitisetfupeKiforuoMrubrofii.xxirix.iA 
PjUcurlxmifimincmwri&cranS. fo.eo,i.A 
Piruita ex cibis efle no ex corpore ro.xlvi. fj.C 
Pituttofusabexaerrietfsqurj. fceo. fj.C 
Poteftateeflequidfit. foto xrvfij. i. B 

Poreftais aiud genus foto xtix. i. A 
Pitultam etiam cum a uensi detrabirur frrgidam 
fenttri f foto lvf> ijB 

Piiltealidajduplidftatu v eu ia txai iuiu ra folio 
Proprietate quSdj! teperamerf cuicp (bctj.C 
naturx efle.qua: cum alrjs oaturis cofenriat.ab 
alijs driTeniiat. fotolxi i. A 

Per(e,&primu,&riulointercedenteidemfig< 
nificare fofo. lxfiij.i.C 

Propria pbarioneVBaefleinungulisfo eo.rj."C 

Q, 

Ciromcxlorelpodcduaduiterrogationccui 9 r& 



,,Goosk 



ELBNCHVS SBQVBN 

peramentiflthomovelbos fo.xtiij. r).A 

QustemTtrameiKaconiitenturucduriries,rnol 
lk*s,cra(Erudo,gracilitas fo.xxxuj,rj:A 

Qut fam€ mrli» fe5t nquidiffici!i'fb,xxxiii),I.B 
QushfemedeUtefaim.curpingub fo.eo.rj.A 
Quibus adeps catocp pari modo aw3i,<juaflnt 
tempetic fo.xxxv.i.A 

Qoibusadipisplus/iuaCnttemperie fo,eo.i.A 
Qufouscarnispkic,quauntttrnperie fo.eo.i.B 
Quaceperameminpdorudifferemiapioetatt, 
rcgioe^tcocponinaiuraconab^t, foxxxvirj jC 
Quaiesnhtcalid5n«cTuhabit3tiupili. fo.eo J.C 
QBfcshumiduinecJendumpili. fo,eoderii4).A 
C^aloKpefatapla^uicoleaupiB.fo,eodt4.A 
Qualesinfantiump4'. fo.eodem. $A 

Qrirsephcboruetpucrorumpili, fo.eo.r|.B 
Qudraprocorporumrafurispili. fo.eo.rj.B 
Qudesfnfifodaregic^hotes. fo.xli.rJ.B 
Qua;putreiarm,quocalorecJeant fo.xlrjJ.A 
Quinxridiaraplagamincctontadlddciocaiore, 
calere.propriorngere. fojrodemj.A 

Quld in ucntriculi tcmperamentonolceodoad» 
uettendum. fo^odem.fjA 

Quodcalefadt nonomnino fiecare. fo.xlvrji. B 
Quodaftu eft.perfeflum efic.quod poteftate 
imperfeclum. fo.xlviij.i.C 

Qux maxic proprie ptStc ee dicacf. fo^o.rj A 

iijiniJoyGoosIe 



TIS OPERIS. 

Quaefecuclaroepoteftateefledicaiif. fo.co.fjJ3 
QuaMorefletorirocorporisfacultates fo.Lfj.C 
Quatuor corporis faculrates a tota fubftanria ma 
Qiiodnutrietnecefleeftinco» (nare, (b,eojf,C 
coc(uediiftriirnetisaiiqu3diiifitnwratu. f.B.i.C 
QusaiT?milcntiirnutrirrrata,reb'cjuair^caroe"» 
ravocari. fo.eodem. fj. A 

QuimorbiimodicuvinipotucornitS.fbJit).i.B 
Qusccorp^noftrunoncalcfacfut fed reftigeranr, 
haec ecorporenonvinci. foJvxB 

Quaeda dum concoquntur refrigerare, poftqpS 
funtperccKaacalfaccre. fo.UxJ.C 

quaridonutrimentumaIiquld<!t,et qiiando medj 
cameiitu.etquogenerenutrimetu. fojx.hji 
QuandoanobisetquamloabexterrisfacJefl<£i 
fitjudidiim. foJxf.ffA 

quaratioefngidumcalefaciat. fo.jdin.i,B 

Queactaodui^ih«.i.nucSckfic(cnd«aHwaf» 
cirusdogmaufderivemmpoflit. fbJvifj.fj.B 
quormnterpcAalpadanocernarit. foJxvt, 
Quandodoleantcorpora 
c^dciu^etquidtardfusalterettumgeneratim 
cummembradm, S foJxvirj. 

Suftariaiipliciterqnoeucratosclfcif. fbjdffJfJQ 
StirpsveUialquSdicaf eucratonJb.eodem.fj.C 
SeniumtodiiuVnunj efle, fo.xxv. fj.C 

Siccurneflefenium, fo.eodem,ij.C 



I 
«wGoosk 



ELENCHVS SBQVENTJS OPERE. 
Tcmperatuixzquatatnainuiibuf&phntf» 
qus lii .C. fblioxiifjj.C 

Tanperattffimi bominii notae fo.xx, i. B 
Te^atiflifflu^iemeufarcooioefle.fb.eo.rj.C 
Ta^excrdtatKUadakmmfavariarnateriadif 
cemendum, raub fblio xxx.i, C 

Trperam&ucerebri & puinonis fb. xxxrjj.B 
Tcpaamctuoflis&rnedullx fo.eo.i.C 

Ttpctara ct u parrium cercbri fo.eo,i.C 

Teperatos hibit' fi modice cxeraanc eularcos 
Toauibftauaquaefitf.li.i.A(ee fo.xxxiirj.rj.A 
Tafl5euqmiudicamrusfit,oiiacc]uifititfj<2lo 
tmvelfrigorisexpcntefledebere fbjxv. 

Termin'altcraubtiisquis ftatueodus fo.lxrx 

VercalUijethumida vndcpuatu. foax, fj.A 
Vt Verrais ficaiSjCU umdibusloquclis.quomo* 
do accjpiendum fblioxi. fj- B 

Vcrab^aJom%mi^guita:c5trjL.fo,xxxirj, 
V&ricuKteperamerinota: fojtlfjj.C (fj.C 
Vinucekirimenutrircacroborarc foiu. C 
Vinu curvatem corp'calefaciat , fb.lrj.i.C 
Vkerulpnitenafijennucatuae fo.liirj.i.B 
VeriasaarrcriasmphksrnonepRtercxterava 
riedoktt fottb Ixvi. 

Vi<3a frixtoor qux deinde curatio fblib lxvfj. 

(i) f i n i a «) 



,,GoosIe 



GALENI PERGAMENSIS 

D« temperamcnris,Liber 

primus. 

ThomaLihaao Anglo interprete. 

lalnicorporaex 

(ica,huiradicjue 

rfle horu omoiu 

aturaporrioae, 

nantiquisabun» 

ilofophorum,t3 

medicorumpt3?cipuis.Diximusautem&nostIe 

rjs^aqux^pbabJialirmnifa alioopere.Inquode 

rfcquxHyppc«atesc5rritrateJemeiis,egimus. 

Hocopere,quodiDiproxime(uccecIit,oirmium 

temperameraorumciWerentias,<potha7,qualefcp 

fii»,uuegencratimquis,fiixniembratimdiuidaf, 

moeniedocebo.SumamcBabipfanominumin» 

terpmarionepnna'pium.Cumnancpcxcalidi,fri 

p'di ) Gcd,&humicu',temperatunicoflaricorpora 

cUcuffi,&ijs,qua;fummogradulkfeharxnr,ipfis 

(ciKcete!crneriris^ere,igtii,ao^terra^eiligenclii 

aiunr.Cumueroanimai^irpemuecau'cknvii)mi* 

midam^igidan^ud uccam efle,non irem. Neque 

eiiimuIIumanimal^utcalicKiiifummorilcpoHe, 

uieftignis,autinfummohumi'du,(icu[dr3qua: 

parimodonrelngidum^cumueinfumrno.Sed 

abeocjuodiamarurapollet.appellatione fbrtfri, 

A uccsubus 



,,GoosIe 



uocaraibtis nobistdliumiclum.mqiiomaior cft 
hraniditaosporiio.ficaini.inqnoficciKiuii.lQuoi 
ro & calidum, inquo calidum frigidoplus.ualct, 
frjgiduraueroinquote'du^dopra:ftat,Atcn 
hicquidcmtioniuiimiuiuscft.Nuucdetaiipcra* 
mentis ipfis agendumJEorum igitirr, <jui ruin me» 
dicorum,tum pJi iloloplioni inaxime iliuft rcs fues 
re,plurimi fanc opinati fiint huniidunicalidumcjt 
remperainentum ab humido&frigido diucrfum 
effe.ActtxuumabhijsfirxuincVfiigidum.diuc» 
fiimaficco&calido.Noiuiijllitarncneorumhumt 
dum Gmulac frigidum tmiperamaitumquodda' 
c<IecoiKedunt,atqtea'amab hocakerum calidum 
ficcucp.Noinauriiiiiiud5fiirnil&calidu,aulfrioj 
cluparitcr&ficcuKperamEicicflc.Necpcmpoflc 
amhumiditatccuabundaIccalore,cofifterc,autcu 
frigiditattfkciratttquippeabfumiacalido,cum(ii 
pcrar,hrimidiratcrn.ltaq;ficri,uicaliduiiiliiiiul& 
fJcaimcorpiiseuadat.EarKJeubiimbealtusiiicor 
porecalorcft.incoclajinipcrft^iaciimanerc.quo 
ficriatc calido uirtccntedcquatur ficcitas, frigido fii 
peranrc,humiditas. Atcfjhrj quidcin his ratbhibus 
nixi,duasfanttieffe teperametoru dilTcretias opi* 
riaiit.Quiueroeac(iiaiuocauturriant,bifariahisc5 
tradiainr. Aliiftatimidqd^prirniipetiitriegantcs, 
iic^r^ncorlTcfithumcuracalicbfuperatcdfee» 
rLAIrjc6^aidquidSaflent&mur,(cdaIiaroncilil« 
fcuuunt. 

DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



faitiut,Aepnores qiridecalidirminusefle .iitcale 
rada^aflcuetat/r^gwiutrcfr^eitt^iairinitlitefic* 
a',uificca,&humid£uthun^ct,Proindecorpo 
ra,c^c*daficacpnanjraunt,c|ijcrrBclmodum 
iguis,ea quatenui calida nint,racalfacerc,quatenus 
(icaikcarc.«^a;huira'dacalid.iqifunt,uelutcales 
aquaJia:cnoTiumecWmodo,fedetii)aIcfaceiT 
poflc,utraqjqualitatehicquocj)iuiuopuvdq)^' 
priu obtinctcHaLidquacj} igii cocedcre (e, (i quid 
calefaciat,idc^u'nm&(lccare,inioficalorihiimidi 
» fit adiucta , no cajfaccre niodo, fed ctiaiji (lurnw 
cTaK.QucrnadmcidubaliicuduIcisaqiia-.Siiifiaio 
iicalidum,itaetiamficcumcorpusfir,udutiignis, 
<brimidruca)faccre,tuuero(iccarc.N6rarncnid 
caforircfercndu^cccptu,fcd(kdtari,qiia:umiilcft 
coiuiSa.Admonctautliocloconosdehis,quifub 
cftiuofolc Jijtiusltitucrfalj.aqjita^urocililiili- c 
arcfacli^tcitiicorpusficcu,fqualliduq;hab?r,Tu)l 
fcrabiVtcrcpfiuut. Qujppcremcdiuhisexpcditu, 
&facile dianyiouricpfi bibcrint,(edficalida:, cV 
dulcisaqua;ralneouraiit,racphuiditatc,(iiieeacu 
frrgorefir,fiuecucalore,luumunusob(reualente. 
C^ippehue&arccaqiiacOTgat.Adeude^riodu 
o£fica'tatelcpCTaiutficcare,bore3eniquificais& 
fi^dusGtu&us,oiaficcareacrefrigerarc.idqjcf(<: 
cU'auabHome«i,utuerohuiiietedciiccat^)rinu8 
«gruautuoiboteasParinio&pauperisIachryinS, 
A ij &ato 



,,Goosk 



&;lialei(CcnraphanMaca6ccareparitw&refrige» 
nreJtacpnocucnccd&riuni,(iquidfrtgidunicft, 
idemprotmus&humicnimeflc.Necliauidcali' 
dum,idemftadm&(kcum.Necj<igittrrcalidtira 
tanptammaanaeaf&tiotBiOcca,iamopo(& 
aliquaridbinanimalistemperameiitocalrdumQui 
dcmplusualeiv,cpfrigidi4m,&humidum,cpfic< 
aim.Qutnctiamtumgenerationcni,tumalKia< 
tioncm, tum rnuradonem ,ex contrarip m contrac 
riaficri. Quiscnimeft.cjuifidiiteritalbu altcratu, 
dVmutatumcjiefle,proptcr«quodfa(ftumliicali 
dum,nonfitridiculusfCumpoftuletearatio,n3 
eam.qugc eft in calido & fngidojed quaeeft inco 
lore,rrattarioriem.Mutaturenimquodalbumeft, 
innigninij&quodnigrumeft.inalbum.Rurfus 
quodcalidumeft,infrigidum,& cjuodfrigidum 
eft,incalidum.Adcundemmoduin,&quodhu» 
midumcnVni!ccum,&quoduccumcft,inhurni 
dum.Quippc fidicas aberamrn corpus efle, pro* 
ptetea quod cum prius eflct humidum,minc fit al» 
bum,udcumpriuselletficcum,tiuncfitriigrum, 
parum compos menris uidearis . Sin quodprius 
erathumidum,nikfacUefleficcu^amc{Uodprius 
eratnigmm,nuricefrec1umalbiim,awetbrnexca<: 
lidofrigidum.aucralngidocalidum.uticplapcre 
&coiiuaiieiiriad^cereceti(earis.Quoderurniiiuta 
tur,quaternornutatur,eatcnuBceden:rncc«raiu 
ckbct. 

D,jil,naoyGoOgIe 



cHiet.Sicfuidcmficbathic^fitnuiiiais,eitnon 
mufico cucimus:cVgrammaticus,otnoo granura» 
tico:&rhetor^xnonthaoic.Bcmu(koLKn>gr3' 
rruucurn.jutcxgtammaacornuCcurn.autcxalio 
quoddiuerfi utgenera,fieriau'quiddicerr,{anecft 
abfirrdurruPc^oumquipnusawgta^tiaticuj, 
nurKmulki«eiTc,micpiirnuiicmgrlniaiH3c sdie 
dc^grammaucamabirar.Atqijifiquidacquifi 
uit,tm'oreetiammancniir,cuinonpatet,nondieal 
tetaramineocjuodmanetflanonexgrainmatico 
tWtmeftimificus.Quiptxnuriccuamgranimau 
cuseft,Mexncmmufico,muGcus.Noncnirnpo 
teftfK>ft&imifiaiseft:faflus,etiamnonirttiGais 
rmnere.Cumigftur omnis mutauo,&abcontra 
rfjs,&ex contrarijsfiatin conttaria,nvuiiieftum 
cfteriamhumidumfiquater^humidumcft.mu 
tetur,tumrpTumficcatumiri^umc|ucididficcct^ic 
cumdiccndumeflfc.Deiiriaigitmincpiutclicere, 
nonpofi^caUdum,&lninu'dumtemperarncntum 
efle. Quippecalidumfimul & fc&idumefieidcm 
temrxiarivi«um^humidum,&ficcumnonpc> 
trifCumfierinequear^mecKlemtemporecorw 
trariatqua!iracesumconfiirant:burm'dumuerofi> 
mnl & calidum , prarrerea fVfgjdum fimul x ficcu v 
profc&oinericlemcor^ltcier^crfTunt&uritumra 
rioipfimcmftrauir.rumqiccpaulofiiprapropoit ' 
afirntexempla.Actalisquidceftpfiorispropcw 
A iij fitarura 



o,Goosk 



firampartiubrano. Alttraparsnegatalichuarauo 
neefle.aiSficaltdu dttcaciiiuriiicqiiatuorfit.ita 
ut no in frigidu modo, fed etia m humidum agere 
pofltt:cftciatiientcnipcraiixiKu\quodcaficiufit, 
& humidum, uricp eu in primo ft atini atiitnatis or 
luhumoris (imul,calorifqt copiain idecoeanr. Ra 
noiwolxMfiiXHiiiludcttiri^quodiicqijcatahqii 
iiirodccorpotehumidipIuscflivJfica,4Vcau'di, 
cp frigidi.Sed quod liib «iuniodi ftatu durarc pcr 
pecao noa poflSt.Qiicppc dtgcfto lemper per ca» 
fidHimhtrmorcJparioaia^caicorpusdfici.Arqf 
pro calido & humido, calid um ttccumqt tcddi . Li 
hociplimqucKicahducVficcFeftrcddituin.prcM 
cedenre tempore frigidii ficcumqjforeiubi^enim 
omnecutunoclf corporis httmorcnicalorabfum» 
pfit,ipfequcK^(iiiquiunt)marcciareinapit,dcfi;J 
tutus lcdicetalirnmto,quodJpfumacccdcrat. Nc» 
que igitur mirii purant tum inrcr inttia, ftatim ut gi 
gnitur animal conuenire in ictcm, aut humidu plus 
ficco^utealidu pIusfrigido,tumteporis proced 
fu.qcfpriuserat calidu & humiciu , poftca polle 
caUdueflc&ficcu.arque utpoftcaqtEeficcaerar, 
calidacptfpcrics,ubicaloripleexuc7uscft,fngid3 
ficcacpcWere.E^oeftquideaUqcFtepcrarneiii, 
qcPcalidfi fit cc humidfi,ac rurfus ahud qcrTrigidu 
fic&ftccu,exiftiscoiifinr*N5poflcaurteperaj 
roentoru dfftieiiaspltjreseffi,tpquatuor^x his 
docenj 

)ijiio,ao,GoosIe 



docoxcouarf.Cuoiimcptatuorftatiiututqualita 
tes , quae ih fe agere inuice patiqj pollinr , Nempe. 
caforjrrigus^Gccitas.himiiditaSjOppofitioncsexia 
fterediiaj.alterauiqua caliduaduerlatur frigido, 
aheram m quahumidu pugnac cumlitco . fcoque 
quatuopuon amplius emci coniugationes.Quip< 
pkfccfiai,exquatuoriiiter.feccraulau's,CBnuigia. 
Quonim duo fubfiftere no poue.Cu nccB humi- 
dumparitcrcVliccum,ncccalidum(imulcV fiigi» 
dumdaricmpuspoiTir.Reliquasigirureflc qua« 
tuortemperairientoruincoiiiLig3tioiies,duashumi 
dM.&duasficcas.Atquchascalore.frigotequedi 
uifas.rKcclunt quaEefcgantiflimicorum.qui amc 
nosfuere,tumniedicorum,tum philofophorum 
dehisdixere.Quaeurro rnihipnvtcnniliflcuiden 
tur,nuncad!Jciaiilumreor,unumigtiui&rprimu 
iA eft, quod temperaram naturam , qtfir tanien n5 
uirtute modo , lcd etiam uiribus rrliquis prarfrat, 
non aduertemnt.Iinmo tancjj imlla fit.prorfus omt 
feut, Qiiancpncloquiquidcm dcrcliquisaliquid 
finehac docuenh. Quippequoductincaltdaterri 
pcriecalidupnniaIcatfrigido,uelinlTigitla tepe» 
tK,frigidupraftctca!ido,idrKintel1cxiuecfiidcrn 
elt,nmprius porutureucraros fiueteperata,necn 
ertiaUo^adhlctepcraianaiuralunttntrticufanita 
tatucndx ui<fKiinue(rigat,ca]idiusuiftocorpu« 
iubenccstefr^crare.ueilrigidius excalfacere, ucl 
rurfus 



«wGoosk 



nfi (us hnmidius ficcare,uel ficcius hurnc&araSci* 
hcet quo tcmperatum quetidam inediocremcf 'fta* 
rumefficiautjidquodminus-efteijCfuod exupe- 
rat iemper scquantes.Ergo quem aiHdue perfeouu 
tur,&quoIejnpcrrelpicientesintempcratos fta» 
tuscorrigunt, huncegoquidem primum omniu 
ftatuicen(uerim.Hiijerotaraumabeft,ttteius ud 
meminermt,utea'amtomprsctereant. Atnoprtr* 
tenmus inquiunt ex his aliqui.tn calido enim & hu 
mido comprehedirur . Et quomodo non quinque 
eucin totumtemperamentadixiftis : ied quatuor, 
it modo op timum non omififtis C Quippe duo* 
nimakerum,autex intemperatis ftaubus ncccfle 
cftuniimefleoinifMm,aiitipfumteniperatum.At 
egoquidemexhisjqiucftatuunt.temperaiuipfis 
pi^ermi(iu-:ncertefab:ubienimcab'du &ficcu, 
ud fhgidum &humidum,uel aliud quoduis tcm* 
pcramenium nominant r nouticj fummas anobis 
irtteDigi qualirates poftulantJmmo ex rjs , qua: fii» 
perantficriappdlaiionesuoIunt.Quodfiteinpcra 
tum ftatum omitti nolunt,certe reliquorum alique 
omifiile conuincentur.Sitenim ficutipfi uoltint, 
temperatusftams.isquicaliduseftj&hiimidus. 
Oiuiirusioiturillisplaneeftjsquifrigidointem" 
peramentoa.duer(etur,&ficco. Nempeinquohu 
mtdum poUct 8" calidum. At idem inquiunt is eft. 
AtquifieritKjteft.utfeiuIexiiperetcalidu.&no 
exuperet.* 

DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



exuperctf3c* (upcrctur frigidum, & no fupercturC 
Si enun terriperat us ftatus eft , neurrum alterii im# 
mcKuce exuperat.Sin intemperatus,neceflecft exu 
peret altera oppoCaonum pars, At hoc ipfum in* 
qtriunt temperati ftatus proprium eft , ut in ea cali 
dumpracftetmgido,&huiTtidumiicco, Quippe 
fi rrigidum modice quidem uincae , non efle com* 
modumtemperamentum.SinampIius exuperet, 
iamuticpmorbumexifteroequeutuuehementer 
exuperet, mortem . Ad eundem modum de ficco 
iudican dum. In prindpio quidem exiftere intem* 
periem.SiampIius augeat ur,egritudinem,fi pluri* 
mum exuperet,mortem.Ceu uero de calido & hu* 
mido nonidem (it iudicium. Quis enim non dicat, 
ubi ud calidum frigido , uel humidum ficco paulo 
quidem plus ualet»intemperiem ita neri,ubi ampli 
tcrexiiperat J morbum,ubiplurimuni^riortemC' Si 
quidem eadem eft; utrobicp ratio. Alioqui nec qui 
calidi humidicp immodice ftatus lunt,eos uitio de 
irrus :necquicalidi morbicumhumore immodi* 
co confii rJunt,eos efle morbos (ateamur.Huic fen* 
tentrx adueriantes quidam AttalenGs Athenri C& 
<fhitores,negantautcaIidum humidumcp ftarum 
uinbdandum,autmorbun]uUuminueniri,quica* 
lidus Gt & humidus . Sed omnino qui ud calidus 
fir & Gccus, ut febris , ud frigidus cV humidus , ut 
aqua intercus,ucl frigidus & ficcus, ut mdancolta. 
B . Faciunt 



wGoogle 



Fariut hic & de armi temporibus tnentibne , Quo 

rum hiemem frigidam eflfe atcjjhurradam dtcunc* 
Eftatem calidam & Cccam . Autumnum frigidum 
& liccum , Ver autem rum temperatunvum ue* 
rocalidumhumLdumcpappdlant. Adeiidemmo 
dum,&exa?tatibuspuerilem quide temperatam 
eflc,tum uero calidam humidamcp ; porro iudicari 
autiimantcorumtemperiemexnaturalibus acticw 
nibus,qua* llla actate maxle fint ftrmae.Sed & mor* 
tem aiunt animantium corpora ad frigidum ficcu* 
cp perducere,Quippemortuos Graece JtfJ Wr«s, 
uocari , quafi nihil humoris in iehabentes , Vtpote 
tumcaloris abirioneeo exhauftos tumfrigorc nW 
gentes.Quod fi,inquiut^mors taUsaftnaturze,eer 
te uita,cum fit iUi cotraria,caIida eft cV humida. At 
uero fiuitacalictum quiddam attjjrujrntdum eft, 
omnino quod llli fimiflimum tcmperamentumeft, 
idoprimurjecenarioeft.Quodfieft,neminelate* 
re,idem quoqj tem perariflimum efle . Sic in idem 
recidere calidum humidumqj ftatum,cum tempe» 
rato,nec aliud efle temperatum , fiue eucraton fta* 
tum,cpcalich'tatemumul&humiditatem polletes.. 
Atcp Athenei quidem fequariu haz funt rarioncs * 
uideturcp& Ariftotdis philofophi ,&pofteum 
Theophraft i, & Stoicorum eadem efle quodamo 
do fentenuajta teftium quoque numero nos terrw 
tajit.Egoueroquemadmodum AriftoteJesoeca 
Udahu* 



coyGoO^Ic 



Edahumidaqj temperie fenfcrit , in progreflu (i iw 
poffailetyforcafle explicabo, uident aii eu no rccle 
accipere . Nunc id agam , ut eos qui ficientiunt. 
iu quo (eipfos fallant , doceam . Mox rem totam 
in unum coadamcaput demoufirem,Cum]cnim 
calidum,& bumidum,atque ctiam eucratonexi 
ftimant uer efle,hicfciriamfeftedecipiunt, Nam 
nequehumidum eftikmhi£ms,nequecalidum 
ficutarftas.quareneutrumirnmodice.Cumta» 
rmi ipfis autoribus exceflum quendam indicet 
cjuocluistaliumnominum.Bifariarn autemfunt 
decepri, primum quidem quod inquatuoranni 
Rmporibus .quarram temperamentorum coniu* 
garioneminuentam omninouolut.Deindcquod 
id ea nttione condudunt,quodfithiemequidem 
cafidius,acfrateuerohumiclius ,uenim necqua» 
tam in temporibus anni ftatuere trmperamend 
coniugaabnem eft neceffe.nifietiam talis appa» 
rerCj&ccsmilifieidcumremporibusurriulcjjpo» 
fitis,non magis id humidum & calidum, quam fti 
gt'dumprobat& uccum.Sienimcalidum humi* 
dumque exceflus cuiufdam nomina (iint , non 
poteft,necipfis quidern autoribus , ucrum efle 
quod uer in omnibus mediot» fit . Stautem eo 
quod arftate humidus eft, hieme uero calidi* 
us , idcirco humidum cft & calidum. Qtrid 
B ij caulse 



«wGoosk 



au&eft.quomtosfr^dumidficcumcpptites, 
proptcrea quod arffole eft frigidius , & rueine lio- 
ciusruduuamubifacitfc*tirioriern,utun2mparte 
oppofttiotusabhicrrir.altcramabaftateaccipiat, 
, Quippccurnabutrocpmutracpoppofirionurn 
panediffidcat^cincxciimdiocojbuoncm.fcdcx 
totokibcreclerxbat.Atquifiitafiatraitrariailli 
ineffedicmius.Namcalidumcrit&fkcurnj5con 
feratur cum htemr, frigidura & bumidum , fi cum 
xffcte.Exncurraigtturcolladotie.fimodointe* 
graeft,cafidum&himudumerikSedfiiUisIicetcx 
iffiracpoppofitiorKfiimptodirridio.caliduidbu* 
midumrp afleirre,nobisquocRadalterum dimie 
cuumtranfire,atcpidfr^icfi&ficcumdixre,c|uicl 
nilicebit.Scilicet ficcurn, ut adhicmcm,frigidum, 
wada^re.OmniargiturhacrarioneuercritJiu< 
rnidum,ficcunvalidum frigidum. AtquiiHorum 
ipforumferiteraia.nonpoffuntquatuor qualitates 
eadetnref»flere.Ergoriec[iarftati^ec^hitmi uer 
comparareeftxquu.Sedpodusipfumper&efti 
niarc.Necpenimhiememipfanteadecaufahumi» 
daineuc,&frigid^clicimus,quodrdiquistcm* 
poribus humidfor frigidiorcB fit . Immo id ifli alia 
quocprationeaccidit&dquodhumiditasineafu 
peret ficcitatem , & frigiditas catorern , propterca 
rrigida dtctfur,atCB fiumida. Ad rnndem modcm 
&acftas,quum iueal.LmorumciLur aficco,& fri» 
gidurn 

),jii„ M o,GoosIe 



gidumacalido ,ipfaquocp calidadia'rur& ficea. 
Siquidem jequumcenfeo quatuor anni temporu 
quodlibctexluapteeftimatumnaturajionexaite* 
rius comparatione calidum, trigidum , humidum , 
(kcumuenomuiaridebere.Quinetiamfiadhanc 
fonnulam eftimes,apparebit ubi uerefte omnis 
exce(iusp)ancinmedio,Cum neq) Ccutinhieme 
plus ualeat in eo frigidum q? calidum.neqj ficut in 
&ftate,minus.AdeudemmodumGccitatis hurni* 
ditatifcparquabilitatemineofpectes. Neqtfcilicet 
ineoficutinxftate pncualente ftcco.neqjGcucin 
hienK/xuperante humido.Proinde rccle ab Hyp 
rxxTateeftdifttim.-uere(fefalubcrrimum,aciriini 
rnemorbis,quimorteman c erant,obnoxium.E(t 
&aucumnusutcpxitasminiiscaltdus,(icuncpqj 
hiemsminus frigidus. Quarehacrarioneneccaiu* 
dusabfolutofenKXKcfrjiecfrigidus.Qutppecu 
amrjofit,acricutrumadfummum.Ca!terumaltetu 
inroeft incommodum. QuodctiamHyppocra» 
tistlUfcitemiafigfiiGcauicCumcodemdiefnodo 
frigus nos arFicitjnodo calor urger,aurumnales ex 
rx3andimorbi(unt.Atcjearescft,quarrnaxime 
aurumnu morbtleru fadt,inequalis ipla tcmpcrics. 
Itacpi»nretSefTigidus,ficcu(qjclia'tur. Noenim 
tngiduscft^ipfepcrfe(pec1crur,C|d'tamenhierns 
eft.Sed ubi cum arftate confertur,utiqj illa frigidi» 
oriftdnccaMjuabilitcrtemperatus.ficutuer.Immo 
B irj inhoc 



,,Goosk 



mhocmajdmcjbflotanporedifljit.quodnie* 
dumtrmpmmi&ctjualitaitni perprtuopare no 
(eruat.QuipperncridirriiultorilcaIidic*,c|irane 
autuerperi.r^fahumicto&{kcomedinmomni 
rraflatumopanc^cfjoradmodum&uer.Sedad 
ficamclajcrgrt.AbslhteuCToetuminhocuinci 
rur.NontanienaritoiriteruaBo,quamom calorc. 
Ergopatrrearbirror,neeautumiiumab(biuto fea 
mcme,&cirraexceprionemfifeidum&ficcum ) fi= 
ajtillisplacet^ceridimiefle.Ciimneutriiadfurn 
mumfit^iimcatmeoficcitashumidiate\Qua» 
rerarior*nieritoficcusappelletur.lncaloreuero& 
foore^mxtumc^ddamexambobus,&incqua« 
leftatuatur.Proindrfi quatuor temperamemoru 
coniugationesin quatuor anni tempora diftribut 
uoluru,(aarttfrrion(bkirhueri^d^Jiumid5cp 
ftammrrialeait^mflc,fedefiamautuninofr^idu 
&Gccum. QuanB&fihuricquoclJCcVedarnus fii» 
gidum&Gccumefe,noneritftartnnecefleuerhu 
midumcaliducpefle.Noncnimfiquatuortntcm 
perieconiugarioncsintotum(unt,iamomnescas 
taquatucjrarimtemrioradilpenlarinecrinMieft, 
Sedfiquishocinmundoeftordo.acproutnieli* 
us eft^ion prout peius omnta Gint dupofita, pro» 
babfliusutplura quidemexannitemporibustem 
r>eraraeflcfacta,urmmuero,Gmodoaliquocl,inK 
peratum,triuerocontra oftendereconantur,nuU 
lum torum 

• DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



Iumeorum efletemrxraM.Sediieceflario inipfij 
eimperarealiascakdum.aliasfrigiduni.Etnuncu' 
itafors tulit,uccumjiunc humidum. Ego uero tan 

mmarxftuitautuer,awGquidtempcrarumeftca 
lidumaKjthumidum dicamoitquod phnecontra 
riumcft,idaffinr>em,omniumaeristanperameto 
rumtjeflJmumidefle^quodhumidunieft&cahi» 
dum.Quod(anetempetanientumanquaiuc«ranru 
rempc>ribusiniien«nequeas.fograui&peftilen* 
tiaerisftatujnterdurninciditjUelutiquodamlcco 
Hyppocrates comemorat his uerbis : pluebat per 
ariturnimber largus affidue.Idnanqjeft humidi 
& calidi ftatus proprium ,ut in arftu affidue pluat. 
QuodfiudtanmmzftusGt,quemadmodumin> 
naturah'ter(ehabentea:ftate,udpluat.Sedmfrigo 
re,udun'hieme(cJet,fiCTiiiequit,utisftanis cab 
dusfit&hunudus.Anigitframorbiserataiftas 
illajn qua pduifle dicit in catoribus largum imbre; 
Atquicarbucuk)sineafuiflcnarrat,purrefceribus 
(cilicetincorporeexcremetis^icfaniequanda,qua: 

gesidexrpfididocwJitotatibiaTcripfeoeaficha» 
bet:Eratio^orieanS5cu!ieftiiii,plucratpereft5 
largoibri,idqjaflidue.Aca'derataut magis auftro. 
Ac (bberatquide fub cure fanics,quac coclufa icahi 
itjKprurituVxdtauiLmoxpufuleudutiarribuftus 
fi«cibc>n»,uric|(ubaitelutuila;:ucruhicrmniis 
utpote 



,GoosIe 



utpote unotantumequatuor temporibus muta» 
to,inaKifuit.Quodfiduo,rnaueuhtmutata,aut 
«riam totus annus calidus,humidufcp f uerir,nec€f«< 
fe eft,magna peit fleria fiiceedat.C uiulmodi in ter* 
tio epidemion,id eft ,gr aflanrium publice morbo» 
rum riarrar. Apponam autem primum, qux de t» 
porumintempeftiuoftatuicripfit:deinde deho* 
minurn,qux iubieaira eft corruprela, Aduertas au 
temanimuminomnibus uelirr^eftimcfcjj prtmum 
cuiu(inodireslitcaIida,humidaq)temperies,dein 
decpnecefrarioineaommaputrefcanr.foapitigi» 
turl IyppocraiisnarratioinhuncmodumtAnnus 
Auftrinus plmrius a uenris in totum filens,deinde 
toriusftatusparticularemrationeiubijcit.crebros 
imbresin calido cVauftrino ftatu ruiilefcribcns. 
Moxumuerlumlermoneminunamfummamco* 
faens.Cumruifler,inquit,totusannus auftrinus 
humidus.&monis^arc&racinriderirt.quseutw 
cjjommamhoclibrolcripfiflefitlongurnjicerau* 
temcuiubuerimternoepidemionmemhrarimea 
legere^cinunumcaputoniniaredaSauidercne^ 
pepurredinemaximam.Cuiuseriam ipfiusHyp 
pocratesnoraro mrrnnanm memitut. Alijs ficlcri 
bes: EtarauremcV fluxioipfacofleiWiaudfimilis 
puri.SedaliaquardamputredoacftuxiomuItaua 
riac^.AIiasiic:Etinpudendiscarbunculi aeftiui. 
tumaliaquae putredincs appellantur.Etquodex 

hac 

• DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



hjcputrcdmcmukisquidCTnbrachium.&cubitus 
totu»dccid<TCTTKtotcmurufUuracftnudjta,io 
tulcripes. Qutncuamnagnicrfuumcarrauni^ja» 
uorum^culoraprcfcpCsinddcrunt.Dcniiquc 
nuUuracxaffo!rjbus/pos(cripfit,iriucnia»,ciui& 
boks Dutredmisnon.ut. Quippecumnccaucco 
pumf»criquiccjfitapturn,nccafiTgido.IntcDjgas 
idficjarnes&relicruaquxamqiaileruariabbomi 
nibuslbIent > oblen]eshat£lale,hrarriuria^«cacc<> 
roJhaKabbjsuoptam exrjs.cruaificcaiii^cornmode 
prarparari.Dcpcrflcndas&Borca,quiCccusnau 
ra&n^dusumtiiseft.oiiiniaSdiutiflitrie im= 
puuiaduraK.C^Mraputreforelacillime Auftri» 
noftatu.Eftcnimis ucotus calidus& humidus, 
Adconcwcotumcorura,c|hi,c]uiGdjdum&hu« 
midumucrauturrjantdcccrrirrnus.Cum necprale 
iu.iitxrjficnojuucpfaiubiccflcr^autfaraiariacco- 
modurariiautcm &raleelicuoiurir,&proprere» 
ctiamfaktifoumfcilkctutrcibicpr)«cates,tumin 
brp quajfenfupercipcre tumquajrarioneeftrrrttl 
ItgcrtCvralcnfuidmariifc^eliceatplarietempe» 
rawmadumcre.Necmiraisraucraiiludinumire, 
cjuodproptcrcacft apturnfanitari,quodcqultuor 
rwlIameocnialiatumexuperet.Quodfiudcalidi* 
rssciusfrigiditatemullD e*cederec,uelhumid>'ras 
ficciratem.utuams putrcdfnibusobrioieium.Sic 
ornruuanratemrronBnrrKxbiseu^rnaameopor 
C tunurn. 



,,GoosIe 



tumm.Nuncqmaiorqualitaiuouxrionisirquali 
tss.&mediac gmpcnmBt dus , 6i laliibriraii» 
*unicaufc.Ciuidigifnifclias,jcphilofophiiqui. 
lMisd3pcrfua(ic,mcaUduhumicEi<jucrdJciudiai 
f^Nfpcqd^quaruortcpcramctonJcoiugiaqua» 
twvaMtrporibucacbrjtareiioIuaut.Poiioidaw 
dcaca'dir ; qd'pnmuoimreptramecc*u,ideft,me 
dnimipium piajiaiii derun[.QumetfiuiAju,mc 
Wicarncraonur^omniumdcnicnrmjmdjrFrrcriri» 
a3,inrusquaruorcoiugariocsrccIucut^xquonia» 
irfcftucft.cfijamopcrepamrtr^.falbrTiCBclclio 
niinismturarciricijncclicauonitmobfim.r^ifc 
CJJci^chioruabtra.irmprc^scAifirJOcliratioiies 
tionattigifie^tcOTesrKrieritiacckedere^pri 
usinlc^cai^)cajIaric«exrTcirarufuiiic.Quippe 
qm'rKte3CDene«areftatlOTtus,&natuiafairiec»w 
mataaggirdit^priul^ralTCmc.qualiiccinueniatco 
ucnicmercxCTCuit^ccilceftiriciuiWcucauilhCt 
pcrducru^^dcc^cribm,ccuB,cruifen£icarcat, 
ctfputet.TuA»fflotdetcnSachic^i^«aica 
acdpicctocac^Dra?cipii.HiccrucaIidu,fiTeicKi, 
hiimickm),&ficcum^daplidrcrdidnc*iit.lllirio 
quafi muhiplicirr.fcd quafi ad eundem perpe* 
nio modum did udit,accipiunt. Quin eoam is 
qoodaliqmdfuo &naruralicalore,aut alieno,& 
accrcriGtitibcaricrum&,iicraefle«ciem 
Bb'hoco^ir)cpc)cxT^accr^gi%A4b«iUu^Ote> 
fcs,ite«na| 



,,GoosIe 



I«,ftemqj Thcophraftus ,quo terpirientei tepcra 
tainihtrmpcrat5ut naturSeflc.iudicare oporteat, 
dilii^iiCTpKxliclerimt.lllitKidquiclanmiellgut. 
ScdcumhosaudiumanimalcaltJumhumickimcp 
dicirre,autpuclliicnipmchumid3, caidamcp efle, 
neccnieadmodueadiftaunt.intell^.&ftiipicli 
adquatuorannitemporarationetranfFerunt.Ceu 
ueroidemiivcnonlongointaualbcliflidespro* 
rraalicuiusttrnt^hurm'd^,calicbrncpefle,aut 
citamdatinobisaeris.Neciienim umditerdichur 
•nimalis temperies calida & humida, ficut aeris 
i u iipaaiiiuiiU fatHn r Hrmir clthumid5.Quaeigit 
fecuimnimhoruoccafio iamdicam,clareepoftaM 
da^'spia ^ L ui ^c[uiintcntieflcuolum,ex^ctim 
errorem inrp,qiraeintn itiitialogica; lpeculamv 
rris tradurur/naxirnorurn etrorum occafionem fie 
d/ortaflcqueonriibui,qua;uciiQcucrtisairf)us, 
uclinuteaAtOriibus pcrrjeramgcnmtur,(bphi& 
maafucccdunt.AccrjhaKquidemfophilinatailli 
innofccceriimt,c(uod^iticpn5refedennit5«ftde 
ealicliugiiiricarionibiis.Sedduobiistatiturmxfa 
dididputaftim.Qucmmia h ci ofaiifi ce u ir,c|Cr' 
fy-iKerumimmixrumcVunirdricft.J^ro.cajoci 
mmrxricVcufuocmnrarioJidiupcratiQuod arw 
trmcUaiieramtrinrxricmcurnalaEra coniexertres, 
lubfndealteram earum caVdam proro,quodcft 
calidiorem proriundinius,idnonrrirmirierunt. 
C ij Atqut 



,,GoosIe 



AtquiadcuminodumsmnMntiaiicttribuicalidl 
&hurtiidafunndi<fta Non proprieternperarune 

morruacollata.Quippe denwmi»& ftrrpibus, 
animanuacaUdjora.humkubrac^iunt.QuinfUain 
exanrrrancibua ipGs fpcdaiim inrer fe collaus, ca« 
msiicdorcft ,homohurrodwt .Atlifomucar ucl 
apictfflroicc«fetas,illasficaores,hurchumidiore 
inuenia i fta idem animaru prani i homo ficctfm , 
pranitapicuhrnjmidumruericJiurfusadhomine 
coihtumiriudum^reonemrrvgidurooiLNecmi 
rum.fiadaliudatqjaliudcornparatum.contrariafi 
mulcritickreparrnmNeqiiclaHtnumeft,fiidem 
corpusfimulcalidum^rigidumc(idbtt™Nifiad 
idemcotitemisticdixms.QtrcKlmimincommcw 
duni,fieunclemrnmrnemclei<rrum^riu%irrrto^cU 
casf ntfsadeundem eonferensftadicasf Cumad 
akmmidcrmimt^^dakcnimrmiftrunviihilfit 
abfoni Siciguw&cam'srrumidmparirer&fic< 
cus^rittmcalidusttmulcVfrfgidirseft.noota» 
mcnadidemcollanis. Qtiippeadhomtnemlico< 
feras.ficcuseftad formicam^mmidus .Rurfus ho- 
mimstefpecTacauduseft,lec)rirsfrigidmjQuin 
eriamcaUdtue^uttuuem,cumrncimiusnonam. 
pliusfitcaKdus.NcmcaUdus.madaiiertimfGita' 
iritrcanemc un i pjr juu . Atcrthatc qui d e n i o iiB ii a' 
fMCcJlaricirrOTiriierfcdicunrur.Quaf aaoutrh 



,GoosIe 



animanttumtjanMonfauMur Ahararione.licu 
ueriamquaKuiKBmaiiquaanimauumfpecre.Ca 
naranqi ad fcumicam&apimeft humidus.m 
ammajitiumgmcrccftficcu-s. Rurfusipfoiiumpc 
CMiim,canmii,hic (iccm,dkhumidus,alim (ut fas 
eftcanijtempcratus. Acdi&umquidema nobis 
eft^iecundodepulluuin agniiioiredctalinomi» 
num uludiffufilfirne. Neccfle tammuidctur nutic 
quocnfummatimaliquid,quodadrempropofita' 
fitutik,dicenduin.Quodabiblutoicrmorc,ncc 
adaliud uBumcoUatum,uccumuocatUT,idin Iblis; 
elementiseft,igni,terraqt.Sicuthumiduminac|ua 
SCaocAdcundem modum & decalido , fngido 
(enaenduraNuQumcnimcascronjmprorfusca* 
udumrngidumuecft.ledfehdemcnra.quKquid. 
pOToha!cccpcris,exhismixusconftat.EocBfe» 
aindougmficaa'onumgencre,caUdum,frigidum 
i»:eft,nonablbIutaratione,ueluu fyncerum,&a 
mixtioeaIieiium.ImniouelutiufIcalidumbrgius, 
frigidumpamusjud frigidum largius , calidu par« 
tius fit ibrcitum reliquommquiduis calidum , fri» 
gtdumucdicitw.Acduoqu)demugruTicata calt"» 
3i Jrigidi iiumidi,& ficdJsec funtialtcrumex ab» 
(cJutofennoneloqucntiumjnixturacarens,&fyn 
cerumtalterumexcontranjs.quidem mixtis.ccn» 
ftans,caeterumexpollena's inmixturauomineap» 
peuatum.HcK:gcnettlar^s,pituita^deps,uirtu, 
C iij okum. 



,GoosIe 



oJnim.md.quicquidhisiimiledyiumfcJumdia"* 
tur.Os.carulago^ingurs.iingub^cornn.piliiSjljg^ 
num,rmena,later, minoremportione humidifiint 
lbrota.maioremfKxi.Eoo^eiufrriodi omnia ficca 
dihinnrJRitnHcaueroficcacfttcVugTmigfaunik 
dus;fdIic«utfuiitanimaiia.Rurfosintcriplosuer 
mcs,alimlifnis,alilKhumidusJdqucudabiblute 
lrxjurndo,utiterirro,udakenaupiamuerrnicom 
paratus.Caaeruhocipiutnquoddidinus.uruer»' 
misfoais,uthoniocalidus,utcanisfrigidus:iiiil 
quis mSeacdpiat , & prius intdlWt quid iibiue» 
lit,neci^eftoinnelemionemcc«ttundat.Eftau« 
Kmmfteaccipere,idquodin(ecundodepul(ibus 
agnofcmclisdidmr.wiumquodcjjlecundugrnus, 
iKlip«desnonrrKxlocalidum,frigiduin,hurnidu, 
(iccumue:iederiamrnagnum,panium,cekre,tar<: 
iliirn,a)!'acpidgemuittirK:noniinari,mmiuprame 
ctWe^neciumcp&.Verbigratia.animalcalidu 
cum&pramecuuinKmperieiitanimal,eciuumcali 
cJumcumfnpramediumtemperieittcquurnPor* 
toihquoquegenere fpecieue mediafuntea.quat 
Graxefymractradicunir.Quippequa:afummis 
meogeacrecV/pedefmibusa^Hterdiftant.Ac 
gentisqtticleeftaiumal:(pe(lcfeqiMs,bc«,canis. 
Meduimtcmperiem toto anmftlium genere^hcw 
niocftJdercminfequmnbusdemonltrabif.Me 
c^uero^utinhcTOinumfpecieeftjquaeGraMe 
eu&con 

)ijiio,ao,GoosIe 



cufirco«uocant J Latine.puto^juadr3tuiii.tspor« 
roeft,crucmnecgradlrmcu'cm,nMcraiTunif>o& 
fisicdncccalidum.nccfrigidum.nrc altoquouis 
noieextjs,qua:exceitum drfec*himueindicantap 
pdbre.Qyifquislupfrhuiicfucril,i!prorfusca]l« 
cubr/ri^dior.hiirrudiM.Ccdc^eeft.lStermria» 
ttrrautralt5parrimalircJirto(mrK>ne,partirnn5ab 
fctecvAblouitec|i udeloqueti,cjuorrH calidusjri» 
gidus^ccus,huidusueeile,mtnirneuniah'cuipri<> 
uatimccJlatusdidE.Itaaiimcanis abfolutoqiiid? 
fnrnoe.promuicidkctcuipfiopiniocit.ammal 
fioumdidtur.NouricpaKcuicopararus.uerbigra 
uafc^carJC^nabtotouero.unacjuide ratio» 
lic,quod(aHcofjTnm«ro^clt,coecjuali,&:mc* 
d>btc«iiijipeddcopararur.Alteraiirro,<juodcu 
eoqct'uiterciuiii i a iurr uialiacc«cniale,cVrnediatg« 
rxriecft,c^'cqm , didftamas,ccfflfcTtur.Ergoi.1pa 
lam&,quraunumquc^criennmi,quxuccu'cun 
tur^sidufluntauaincpcomparanra^alidiim, 
rrfeirru.hiimifrnue^aml^.madilhiddicimui, 
tidinquoc^Mere^JedeviefitdicTu^derujme 
«]BiirefoTnttsJafpcdejguide;meo^cane,boue, 
ribrano,nyerfloJicu.Cjerimuero,utaninBli,uel 
pIanta,hisaccau'tcVtrnnimi^fficarum,ccrum 
it*«,quaeab(c^fenix^dicimrrrr„cniaEim<i 
permixtasuuiiinascphaboTciualitatesclixta 

docorpo* 



nwGoosk 



docorporibuBiJs,qiotifFoSaqualiow(untfiiiiK 
terappellamus.WrumckhcKmoxagetur.Scdad 
irmpropoiiiam,cuiriquali'atcarrc<Sacorporara« 
lariamdicuniur^cofydcrandum jrbnrorinquacp 
die11oc,rrufjdrnocluuumiirappdlauoibu3,utru 
ricutlmpkxalicjuid&irnnmtuiudicsntes,anue 
hmadlyrnmaronciuioemgefieris^udlpecici ca* 
fcrcnies^iichrdadrcrnquarnliDct.ficutcurnoj 
ficcumdidrniis,aut t^idum^ibiiilutoitaiecTnorre 
noiuinantes,rid sdinfto leotiit^anis t aut nominis, 
Palamriancpeft,quc)dadiira'ucrfamnaaira^mm' 
itmquacruntinrnundo corrxmunreipioentcsah 
quidcoixip]musmcdj'um,cumquo cortfercntcs, 
ipfumCaumdicirnus. Atfiquislconis,uclcanis, 
udhormnsosficcrtmc^did^liquctbuncrurlus 
o" quodin ipfis antmalium oflibus rnediUmef id 
ccmpararr.Eftcpqucmiarnumucricmjmanimali» 
um,alrjs magis^Iijs minus ficcaoflaiunthic quocp 
os aliquod in aliquo animalium gcnere ihtclligen» 
dum,quodmediatemperie it,uerbicaufa.hocni* 
ms,atqthuicrdiquacoIIau,aliahuiTuda,aJiaficca 
aprjdianda.Iaminipfis r»iiimibus aliusosfiau, 
alius humiduinhabere dieeair,uticjj ei,qut medius 
eft,ut inhomimbus a>&tus.Quodueroinornm'« 
bmquxlunt.quodrriediuminKrextmriaeft.iH 
l^mrietron^o^ioiIIogeiiere.uelfpedetCTnperas 
tum ut,in orrmirriirii iermone fubaudiendum pe» 
peruoeft. 



,,GoosIe 



pra»eit,qmn£j< fitm dbZtiatitQtml&mAxtfai 
haccquidemCcfehahfflW|UblaliquMhanc,iiaill3 
hurnidain,calidamiKtemD«rKmanirrriat,rogan» 
dus cft cjuctnadinodumdwictit, utru nehunc qui 
pianiirudrfirutocomparansPlatoni uerbigratia 
Theophraftu,anuVaudumgenusqucdIibct,lpe 
ctemuecollat»iKmfado3S.Quippeuetuthomi> 
urm^uranimal^wlubrfcuiriamablblute.tr» 
tiumcrr^ugrificarumcuMristalhimnaniriurn, 
quodlunplex cflrirnpermrxtumcR duumus ,idin 
mbms (ubftantns noru&Scd inipGs priras.qua: 
etiamuocanrsektnrnajacumquodcfjaffccuv 
mmquaIitatecorpccumrri(ariamcbcaci«ohisad 
prorxAamdetrnuxramrmstraferionenviio» 
bustanrumeftcpm,utc^udadunumquodli« 
bet,udadmediumeiuiaYmgairriscomparemui. 
Quontam autemmulta grneralum.qurmadmo* 
duinuticB&t«lrmdm,pc»rtmulrjsmodBide 
ccrpus,&rjMiim,&ftrgidmn,&'humidimi,cV 
IknrmriP.Verrjmcumumcuilibqcomparatur 
ao^nicKhimmarnrT^hrmeftccmtrartadeeodcmdi 
cereiio^VeluriD^cmTlwxKqmde^cVMen 
nfity&xforemArrftcw.cVQauooMhBtnia^w 
rerri.Ataimadiriediuraa'ul3cmgei»is,udlpe« 
ciciftt coflano Jifc iam corfundi.conturbariqi.qui 
panimcxncitarilurir,(alem.Ickmnancpbomohu 
rrtidusuraulcVcaudusf^poicft-.fednonmmus 
D ficcus 



,,Goosk 



fiecu&fngfdus.VatJinficaBd 
dmad mcdfocrf» icinpcmiituli norninemcolla» 
tus,humidus autem Sc calidbs,adaliud quoduts 
animal ftirpemue,aut (ub f i am i u il comparatus, 
uerbigratia ad ammal,ut apem & formica:ad ftir» 
pon.utoleam.uelficum.uellaiirurn.Adaliainue» 
roquarnpiamfubffcinriam,qiia:riecaniir^fir,iicc 
planta^it Iapidem/errum,uei ars.In his uero coHa* 
rioriem,quaradhorninemfir,adremeiufclcmtpc» 
ciddimis.Qu^adar3ern,udfbrmicameft,adahV 
qutd emlclem gcneris. Simili modo qusc ad frirpe 
Ctc^arrilibetEfieriimfcpraanirnalftirpisgenus, 
quemadmodumfancfupericris,cjtfrfrpium gene 
risfiiarlapis,fcrrum,Scaesnioceturtamenprodo» 
ceridicomrxndioadomcgmcs.ideft.remefufcle 
generis, omnis efufinodi comparario . IBud tuodo 
mea determfnarfbus nobis quod ubf Gmplfciter 
fcbftamda quaepfam cucratos.fiue t uii p t nta di» 
drur,rumhacaliaficcior^liahumidior,STaliafTf* 
gidior,aIiacafidior,eolocoeamqua;ex contrarffs 
axpaprorfusiriterfeporriorie coeunribuscoftet, 
cuaaronjGuctemrjeratariomitiari.Quaxunqjue» 
roabhacdefidum^perarircpalicjuoeamfuperan 
tisw>mireuocari:ubfuerofttrrxrn^nimansueul 
fum eucraton dicimus,nec[uacp iti ea diciione fim* 
plicitercontrariainrerlccomparamus.Sedadnatu 
ram ud aufnialis , uel ftirpis rererfmus , Rcu uerbi 
grata 

DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



granateroperaramdiornres,ojtali6fir,quali5rnari 
mcficusd{enaiurader>rtt.Rumjscancm,{uem, 
cquum,8cbo«ii»ni,aimeoruquilcpproiuana« 
niraoptirrriehabeattoptrmeuetoiehabereali» 
C]uidprofuaoaiuracxip(i(ifuniflionibusintcfligi« 
tur.(^ppeanimal,acftirpemquamiibct,tuopd 
niefehabacdirimus.cumoptirnefuam functKM 
ncmc«beijnr.Ficmera'muirtus^>onitalqjcfr,opri 
mos,pIunmotqs ficos afFerre, Ad cundem modu 
uiiis,plurimas opdinaicpuuaspcndere.Equiuc» 
ro,cpueIcK^ffimecurrere.Cam*!,ad uenadoncs 
quidem, &niteLamq»animoiifumum ) addorrK:« 
f^osc^mitiffWtme[^.Harcigiturorrtnia,ani« 
maliadicocVitirpes,oprimam,nicdiamcphaberc 
miuogeneretempcriemdicemus,ix>nuriqjabfb« 
kitolermone,cumparitas exarSacontrarionjinfj» 
itc.Sedeueamedic»cxitas ) cjira>adpotertatemrefer 
tur,hisadfa.liu(modiafejuid,&iuftit£i cfledid 
mus^cjuacponcW > &meiura.Sedqua;coc|cl' 
prodignitateccUicmrarcfialitaieexplorat.Eitigic 
temperatunc aequalitas in omnibus tetnperarJs ani 
rnalibus^bTpibuicp^onca,qua?cxc*arteIernen» 
rorumccmi^rumipcctaturiTOle.fedqiwtuani 
raalis,iu ftirpis naturx conucnit.Coucnit aut alias , 
urhunaduficco,&fVigidumcaKdoprapondcret. 
r^fepenimfimilmihabereteperaturadcbcnt.bo» 
roo.Iec^pis.Sicanis.ErgoadqusticniecuiusIit 
D n temperamcti, 



,,GoosIe 



temperatneiia,homo,equits,bcti,carus,altudue 
quodlibet.noncftabfotulofennoncrtfpcndow 
itum.^fonem'mfim'pctteft,iitc]uiadea,aua;mul 
tismodjsfuradifl.viixunodon-rpoixlCT.noiico 
arguatur.Oporret igiror duotutn aheram , aut ocs 
perceriferedWeraitias,awpCTConrammprius,de 
cjuarogau>n't,iIlam(bIamdiccrc Namfiutinani» 
iralibus,cuiuscfIetrcmpaameririrogabat,adid 
quod tncdio eft inter omnia animaUa temperamen 
toirfpicientes,refpoiidCTeoportet.Siabfolutc,at<> 
cn ut ad omrtem fubflantiam.Sk iam cotraria,cjuae 
funtineo coni p aiarciruerfeoportctacpacftirra» 
ir^uudauacpadacuonem temperiem referenres, 
fedad cfemcntorum porttones ,finhuic cuipiam 
fingulatimcomparansjvgabat.uucpadilludfbKi 
conferencfeeftrefponcfcndum.Iamniiiuscrfam, 
fiindiuiduorum cuiuflfbeickims.uerbigratiauel 
huiuscanis,rogemur,cRjxriamfitfubftantia;terii 
peratura, cft fimplex danda refponfio. Dabit eril 
hinclbpbifVis.adcaluniniamoccafiononparua. 
Namftcalidiefl(etemperamenn',&ficddioncm 
dicat,facilel!'cebitinis,partimhomi'nem queirifi* 
bet,qui calidioris f5 dion f!t,&fica'oris tempenK 
meiiripropoiKraiDus.WadiTlumhumiduiri.rrf» 
gidumqj dione-dicercpartim aliud quodufs ani» 
mans ftirpemuc,uerbigratia lconem,aut cancni, 
atqj his humidiorem.ac frigidiorcm aflerere dio» 



«wGoosk 



item. QuiTcjuis fgcc nec ipfe fefe faflere,nec ab alio 
falhuc4et,huicopus eftabhis fub(lantns,qu£e 
fimpliciter calidae,fneidsc, humidae , ficcsc dicunt 
mdpere,arq?itananfireadreliqua3 . Acprimum 
quidernjUudipfurninrjsexpIoratuhabae^nehas 
Cjujdem tametfi maximc uidcntur abfoluto lermo* 
ne dici s quo minus ad mediocre eiufdem generis 
comparentur effugere,ueluri enim canemmedio 
temperamento efie omnium canum dicimus, cum 
partfpariodiftatabextremis,itafubftaniiamnie* 
dioefle temperamento dicemus ,cumparimodo 
abextremis abefi;,quacicilicet & prima omniura 
H^oVdernettta.Pon-oaberitparimodoabextre* 
miSjCumeacontinetaequaliterinterlemixta.Ergo 
quar iupra citra ue hanc,temperies eri t, eam calidi, 
fi ngidam Jiumidam,ud ficcam dicemus , firmil ei , 
cjuac media eft,conferentes JhrnA cotrariorum elc* 
mentonjmexamoimeafaeimtes.Quaniniirura* 
tfone urnpl tdtef cam calidam, rngidam , humida, 
ficcamue pronunctabimus : ubiueroatm medio 
temperamento conferimus,n6 fimpliciter, fed qcF 
ad mediocre eiufcJem generis ficfe habct. Porroge 
nusearum fobftantiaeft,omniacnimIubJiae,ut 
ujperiorifuntgcnere,mmanimata,tuminanima. 
En^cpbarchomuiis 1 canu,platam,ficus^eris,ferri, 
aliorum denicp omntum,communegeniis.Sub ca 
uerofuntalrageneraparnHila.AnMquidera, 
D uj auis» 



coyGoO^Ic 



auis,pi<as:ftirpsarboris &hcrbaauis,aauila: 8C 
corucpiiciSthipi & rombi. Similimodo oleac & fi 
cus.gcnuscftarboraiugallidos.&pconiac.bcrba. 
larohaKultinaafimtgcnen^ocpipecjcsappdlan* 
tur,coruiis,roinbus,ficus,3nagalUs,finiilicerbo» 
mo&bos. Aciupernarquidem deiccndenribus, 
liaxulcinian^tgenera^indefpedesdiclaNlntcr 
nerieroaicmo^tibus^indiuiduislaliOTiubftaa 
tijs,prialunr.Indiaruxj:au'oc>perecft,roeriio oia 
qute mcdia iunt iter pria & idiuiduagenerajrmul 
genera & lpess ueterihus nominari. hrgocu defi» 
nitafignificaraiauht,acclareindicai6,queadmo* 
dutumablbluto^un5abfolutofemonecalidi!,fri 
gidiiJiurnidu,uccuuecorpusaliquod pronucian 
3ufit,c|iia3etida;nobisdeinccpseor3iuntnot3e. 
QuScjjhic quoqt decemere prius de nominibus 
orwrtetcfixinhabedonobui fermonc, neccffario 
iricidec.GmulejtpUcarerecjuandaVc^poteftatcia 
ra5ftratapriiiscfi^i5oiaboibus,tjuihoscoiticn 
tanbscuolict,fadlcfal[cniinlelligipotcft,lc3cp<!c 
noibuspritisIocurus,moxadrereueitar.Quod 
cahdum,fn^ic!u,humidum,ficcunonunua!iquid 
fimpliaterfetiracent.ubidc corporibusdicunf, 
prius eftinatcatu . Quodaut&&lxipt2cincor< 
poribus qualitates,dtracorpora,qua:eas lincipi* 
mit,fcitenmnomirient,idquide,utn6due(t 4"« 
<3ii,itanucidcfttepeftiuu. Queadroodunome: 
albl.tum 



«wGoogle 



albiiudecefcrecnGaat,cuitalocjuut,c&rarius e 
albuscolornigrOjtudecorpore.qcVooiottfiiia» 
pu,cu^cetc4oriscorpusalb5dicut.Ira&calidi 
ra;rrK,rucleo^alitatcarBnrfltipfa ) clcpiicaliditare 
appcHartt , tuucrodecorporeqd' calidirate fufti* 
net, QuipDecaKditateacorporecjcVca fufcipicdi» 
u<nfimharWratur5,&propmea'ftiirarec>Dor 
ta.ucliminopcrededcmcnsrflidicanj.Htcalidi 
tascjuidequalitaseft.eadeuero&calidS dicitur, 
ueluti &albedo albuipiu uero corpus calidu,unu 
hocnorne tantumodo opnriet,calid5,ficutialbu. 
N6^mcaliditas > tidalDeclo,corpusipiurndicS. 
Adeudemoduficcu,t^dti,&humiclu,ricuaiit 
tuip(ucorpus,ruqualiras.Nontncixpusfrigidi» 
tasJiunadte,udficciiasappeKaf,ciucadrnodurn 
qua:ieoe*qualitasJiaxcufic(ehabeat,t»ai>cnue', 
crhrdcalidirateiudrn^cVatediip^quisBfm, 
nuiKexorfriar^cme.C^odicJafcjuaKtatrehisin" 
dtcericnoibus . Atcalidu .frigidumuecaclidrur , 
o^janck&qualitasto,&cjucieam£ifcipit,cor» 
pusnominatur,fadefi"td,qwredarguetcftuder, 
mquodaloquentenonugnificatur^dquopoflit 
Kprtfaenkre,acdpiatBu(modienimranfac£ir, 
c|mfnitetitiamiflam,quadicttHyppocr3tesau» 
gefcentia corporaplurimumhabereinnatumcali* 
3um,oppugrant'.Neque enimefle corpus ali» 
ctuodcalidum,ip(uni innatumaialicalidumirttd* 
ligentes, 



,,Goosk 



ijgmKs.mqjidquid&ufqifiquarcnte.fcddc 

fciaqualiatcquam leilicet caliditatem appcllamus 

nomenid dici piacfiiutemu jicdidumdus refdle 

rtparare.ftiamapparcf,quodde homonyraiadj 

/hYtguae,tamrmlitresparua,rarrxnmreriimiilii 

nonleuis expcrirnrrnornaia,ucnmcubocqucu 

cpabimdehcdefiniuirri,ruriumtdcpcKllupereir, 

rrpctanui.CiihuiiiidrCB.&ficcKas.cVraliditas, 

& rngidias , lyncerae qterdam , 6V itnpcnmnre 

qiiakarcsiuiit.quaxuncphi^fijlapcrccorporaea 

caltda,&rrrgtda^<xa,&hurntda,prorfuscxacSiC 

qjftmt.AKptixtrntlitgmftorum.&rxroniuu 

demcsraintdltge.Rdic^ccepcraudariimaMj, 

udforpiurr^udinantrrarumcnxiuli.ueluaams, 

rerhJapid\iniJigtxx^rm^mrdibr^imrrrurni]lo« 

rucc4l^adre. Nufttmfnimiliorurntidadfum 

mtracaUdum,tidadfirmmiimfrtgKlum,udad 

fummum humidttm.udadlummum ficcumeft. 

Bcdudmedumrjroriuscontrarioruni.irautiiilu» 

lomagis(italidum,cfifrigiduin,juthutriidumcp 

ficctrm .udadaherum contrariorumeft proper» 

fumjiawmagrsfirc.thduin,Cjt(rigidiim,udma« 

glttiilximidumcpltccS,acuquraVmmeditimph 

nctitinumxpcontranbrumgnKTCjiuutnonma» 

gtsutcah'dumcph^ckitn,authtrtrrVdumc^(kxu, 

eucratonidiitietcmperarum omntnodicenir . Sin 

akcrumconnariortimfupei!et,UKinaltcraoppo» 

finooe, 



«wGoosk 



fition<vliucinuira<5idlJy»nBianidi«tureucrsu 
ton'Ac ficaKdummagisfitcpfrigidum,quodma 
gis eft,id appeflabitur.ldem ftatuendum de Ccco, 
&humido.Adeundemmodum fitrigidumma* 
gis fityiorathabitur frigidum. At fi in urraqt- oppo 
utione alterum (iiperet,fiue calidum una cum humi 
do,fiuecalidumfimdcumficco,fiuefrigidumfi» 
mulcumhumido,fiuerrigidumunacumficco,utitf 

gpro utnceti fortieturid corpusappeflationem, 
has quidem quatuor intemperies,ut iupra dixi* 
mus,pluriminomnt,tummedici^iumphflolbphi. 
Rdiquas quatuor, quae ex dimidio harum coftitu 
txmm,rie(cioqucar»ododerelinquurtt,ficutetiam 
eam,qux prima omnium,optimacp eft.Caserum 
quodfiipcrante calidoliceatmhilo magishumida 
efle.tpficcaintemperieniiquoduricpadharicipe^ 
cfecoiugarioMm^duelexrjs,qua;iamdi<3aiunt, 
rriamreftumarmVor.faalccpeftetiamfinihdeflec 
prx&°fom,idcoflipere.Concedentibtisleriidi' 
Iud(altem,alteramefereropciiemhuim'dam&ca 
Bclam^ltcramficcam&calidjini.Sinancpiiecefla>< 
morrnirtoti5eft6ccame(Ie,quxcalidafit,fed)i> 
oseam&humidamefie.licebituricrj&niediam 
efleipropiornancpGccartemperaturarnediacft, 
5pix^da.Adeundemrnodueft&frigidaquae' 
dam temperies aherajn qua nimirum (ngidu poU 
kta^anccunennechumidameue.necficcam.eftne 
" ' E ceflc. 



o,Goosle 



cefle. Scd poteftinter has & mediaefle.Rutfiis 
enimhkquoepeandemanrasrationeni.Nenipe 
(ineceflcnon alfrigidani temperie efiehumidj; 
ledticet&nccaineamr7ffi'm2nifcfhimelt,trKdia 
quoqteflcpofle. Qtnppeque uicnior humicbe 
eftfj licca.Bgouduri duae intemperiesinaltcra 
oppofitionf fiuunKKiitracc^lnracaLda tantum, 
aterafrigida.Skinskrraoppofitionedua:alKc(la 
ruantur,altcrar^tarimm^jterahumida,medk>s 
aiterfcilicctie(ehabei5titocahdo&frigido.lrei 
rumtiacRdirjemushicquoo^ficuanecefleiioeft, 
flquatemperifsfcacftJiancprtMiriuscabdaqucw 
crfefle.Scdfienrxiile.uteriafrigidafi^itafieripo» 
rriT^mquarpianeccalidafittrefngida.Sedinhac 
quidemoppofitioiieeiiOTtos,fiuetemperatajnai 
toaJicca.Sirnilimodo ncchmnidam remperiem 
neceileeftcafidamjTigidamueeile.Sedeamme* 
diam cfle inter huius oppofrriotus extrema licet. 
Si»gtoncceflcnOTeft,mudinrempcricm,qu3B 
mcalidoeft&fVigido.fequattrreaquaeeftinalte 
raoppofmbt>einteperies,uelhaiic,qua;iniUa,Iice 
bit rif qu an.do & naturam, qmc in caliditate & frt» 
gidiratctcmrxiMfit,uelficeamefle,uclhumida. 
Inuicecpcparmhijtej>erata(it,uelca!id5ene,uel 
frf^'dlrrumfut&h3ealjtjs,quaspriorcsrumcdi 
a\rirpnftofbphinpbis tradideriit quatuor diuerfae 
fat^pertej,Medroqjlocopo(iECinttr tcmperatos 
babJBig 



,,GoosIe 



Jr/oius.SiTcosquiiutracpoppofoiotfiintltfpo 
rau.Quinac|jlfummoctcperaius,isiieutraoppo 
uiionehabet fuperarue . Qui uero aduerfus huk i 
iteperatus,ua3c|)hahrtumofam.MediuTortitIo» 
di,cjuiialteraquide^teperatra,ialraaiteperatus, 
qui uticjt & exdimidio eucratos,cjc dimidio itcpe 
ratuscufit,mertromediusdidpmintercu,quiex 
tc*oeftteperatm,&tfiquiexlotoeftitcperaujs. 
Iifiquidehxcikfehabet.ficutccrtelchabft.cur 
noucdiceteumucr&stcperanictoruoilFercuas du 
bitemus.Teperata quidc una" , no teperatas oclo, 
quaru quatuor fimplices finr,huicla,ucca,calida, & 
rngicb^iamorcopofita-huidaumd&calidaVic 
caparaer&caiida^frigidafirnul&huidajfngidafi 
mj&ficcajiiqiiolihctucroiadicjorutepcrameil 
roru permagnus e cxccffus ,defe<frulcj; modus no 
intTsmcidoquscfimplidafunt.Sedetilicopbfitis. 
Idcp tmtotatubfrStia,! 5 ucroiunocjuocjjgenc» 
rc^cui^ftagnoicedc^tccMTametorucurae^n* 
ciptatexercttationeoportctabijsiquolibetgcne» 
renaturts.cjtrrctcperara^mediaxgiW.Qjijppe 
cufihisaliascopamfacilecjcrinquauisfuperetdc 
ficjaueintienerit.Ergoprimudcrp,qua;uinpIid 
terk)«ufobus^epejata,itfperatacpdiaint\agedu, 
quaefcihcetmmgerierarafubftatia^ioinfolisaiali 
buscVfttrpAu«dirc(uirendadiximus.Porrohic 
rjwcpt3uffii61tecI|ftigi!erederK)ibusc5uci(rt,c(cr' 
, " E i) calida 



«wGoosk 



catida temprries,aliaianienergia,(iur, ut loquutur 
adu fo,alia rxxdfeitc.tumquodpoteitateea cfle 
dicamus,cpiaequoddicuntm,idr»ridumfint:fed 
feileidfieripolEnt,QuoniamnaturaknvitidB< 
antficulratemuntacleptaJgiiurpriniudeijijCjuaE 
acmcalicU,frigida,huiiucla^cVficcalunt,diflera» 
mus,aulpiQriabuniurrfafubftanria.Moxadani< 
mdia&ltirrxsdilccrfurUtaenimccmifumn-ati» 
nemkibebit,quc^aTftiratumnobiseft.QuoniS 
ioiiurquodinomniumgenere.maxirnecpinuni» 
uerfa fubftanria medium cftydcx mixrionr exrrc* 
rnorum conflatur,utiqj conueniet^it tu norio eius 
rumagnirioexiHisfumarur. Acnotioquidcm fa* 
cillirmeft.Quippeacalidiflirnoomni5,quaefub 
ferirumueniut,ueluu'igni,autquapiamaqua,qua: 
adfurnmumfitfmirnsadid,quodomuiunv]us 
nobisapparcnt,cftrrigWflimum,uelurigladan, 
&ra'uemuenier^,a;ftirmtointcreainttruaIlo ) in 
rnedioaduriguanfddiducimus.Sicenimfyrrime 
tron, quod falicctab utrocpextremorupariabcft 
fpacio^ntdlcflu comprehendemus . Quinenaid 
nobisprafparareliccuMifcentibusaqirsferueru 
dparemmodumglaaci. Quodenimcxambobus 
rftmixtumpari interualloabutroq) exrremorum 
aberit, 8c eo quod urit, & «o quod frigoreftupcfa 
cfcNoneft igiturchfEcileri.quiitamixturn tetige 
rit,tnc<Kumuniuerfe(ubftanri<rincaIidifrigid;cg 
oppofitio 

DijiliuaByGoOgle 



opCK>(ttionehabere,eiufc{miera'niflc,atqM;acm 
niailli udutinorme adaptataiudicare. Quincria 
li tcrranvjuse ficca fit,uel cincrem, uel cafe aiiquid 
quodplaneiitaridurrj,rariacjua:rnocloimbucris, 
medium inficci humidicp oppofirione efFeceris . 
Ergoneliicquidemdiffidecftubiui(upariter,ta» 
clucpeiuimodicorpusnouerisrnemoriaEidinfige 
re,eocp ad humorum, ac ficcorum, quae deficiant, 
fuperentue agmri'onempionorrna,exemplaricjj 
uti.Porrocorpusdcquoiudicandumeft,medio» 
critercaIenscft.Namhocipfumhumidi,Cccicp 
medium corpus fi ad (iimmumid calorem frigus 
ue(TtperducTuim,falfamimerimirmginarionernex 
citabit,uidebiturcpcpfitmediocrc,alic(uandohu« 
midius,aliquando ficcius . Quippe G liberalius ca» 
kfajiquaamiiarn^fluxilejiumiclioris fubftan» 
tixpliantaDamdc fcprarbebit contra refrigenuu 
r^sAifco^cmufltt^ccjgirurainmobi^redcu* 
tur,& durum tagend apparet. Vnde etiam faKam 
cIun^imagmadoneexhBbet. Quodfiuejuri hu» 
iradificdcjparemmodumhaber/iccalcOTs,acfrf 
gcffisfitinmedio.necdurum.necmolle tangenti 
apparebitidcorpus. Atcp totaquidem eiufinocli 
cr.iporapertotafemi6endi^'dum,inquam,fn> 
gjcUimJlccumy&liuiriiduni,homimricultasnon 
eft.TaraeriimaciuarcOTfuila.mifcenir quidcm 
(quatejiusfalicetuiclericwpiamr)ofui)atc);itai 
B ifj tota 



,,Goosk 



cota tou conteraperaiur . Casterum appofitio exi> 
guarumpartiunicacft ,ncquacjuam cotorumper 
rotarnixab,Scdambocapcrtotamucere,dei > ud 
Bacuraceft opus^magifcp euaficalidivicnigidum 
iter (e tota per tota mifceda fiuc . Aitame appofitio 
neeiu(itK)dieffecirc,uiieniumcffugfit fingulafim 
ptictu" eorporu , no foffi naturae opus dri ue e , Sed 
euanofbii.Nex^aMd^idleetatimixriocjIunjm, 
qcFmediu ficd,huidicp fe.mol n.Simtli mo & qoV 
calidf acfrigidiiitniediu,uidcbitq? tibi riufmodi 
corpus i catbre &C mgorc tepenwu: imo otia in du* 
ricie,m©flidecp medio rtatu cfle . Id ain genus cft 
kxntrns cuas,utpote omnu extremoru calkuVnV 
gichjiu tdi/icd uere media. Maximecp ea,qusc tik 
inirranu^^ccnimomraufeuOiuuuelutitiOiimafu 
tiiraeratpmdeaffimo^iijn^anim&iu tadusin* 
ilmrr^abipianaiiirapr^parata.Quomagisca 
abcmi^sextJvmiscaiidoincp,fi^ido,£cco,5£ 
huidopariabel1einterualIoopc»tuK.iauti^c<cco 
ft»exhoniorrini5equisponi5il>us^copoliris. 
mo,fcderiapertotas[einixris,qoynoili6piarteric 
mo enScere pot;Sed e naturac opus. Quaecucp igi 
Uirpartes<^cuMitduriores,ueJutioua carrilagi* 
ncs jcornua^pilijungues^igameta, ungulae , caica» 
ria, in hts ornnibus uccu pramaler. Quaeciicp uero 
moUiores lunt,ficuti (anguis,pituita,ieuum^deps, 
ccrebru,meduila wfpit^»aiaiiera,ijjhis humidl 

plus 



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phise,^ficcuQuinrtwcju^ofica'flirnaonimiim 
qua^ruminhoieparscuieficcitatefuperar.utorur 
fusacuttiuperatjqcFefthijidiiriiiiu^r^ouiclec 
nucdilcep^oimlb^eaqu^utililllrnafumstmT* 
gere^cdocCTeurndqoVtuara'm^liu,tuueroonTni 
um corporu teperaiiffimus fit ho.Simul qcr' omni 
um J qu«mcoturaparaculaniajris J cjua:nKraina* 
nu habet omnis exceftus plane fi t expcrs, Infiftetes 
igithocloco,eftimemus quifnafitoptimetepenw 
tusho,que fcilicet totius {ubftatiar,uel potius tum 
hoim,nTireliquonlam'maliumediu,ueluuregul5& 
norma ftatuetes,reIiquos oes huic coQatos calidos 
frigidos,huidos,ficcos ue dicere oportet. Cocur* 
rat aut oportet in hoc hoie mukse notac. quippe & 
cuuniueriafubftatiacoflatus ,mediusapparerein 
ea debet,& magis etia cii hoibus & beilijs. Acme 
d^qmdernuniuer&fubfta^,c6munesiiora:di* 
fl^iafu^i^iaEueromanirnaliujfpeciebus notat» 
skftiois peiTec^bcVquxcutcputcoueniesiucucant* 
Conuenit auterohomini, ut fit fepientujrnui, cani, 
ut mioflimus pariter fit & for tifumusjeotii, ur ta> 
tum fit fortiiuVnus. Sicuti om',u t ik tanttim nwiffi 
ma. lam uero quod corporis acliones confcntien* 
tes efEaminimoribusoporteat ,tum Ariftoteli in 
hisjquardeparribusanimalium fcripfit,rum ue* 
ro nobts alibi nihilomimw e moftratu. Ac meiho* 
dus quidemhax elLExerciiari uero,ut non in Gn* 
guUsmodo 



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guImiKxlogencribiis.fi dctiamiuuuuerCs m» 
duiminpromptuqiusnofcar.idcuiullilxthomi» 
nisncOTelticddiligaitisimprimiSi&quipcrlon» 
gam,cxpCTiaitiam, &multamoinraumpartKula> 
riumperitiamanuenirr medium quett.Quippcad 
eutidarimodumpl.ifta:,pi*ftoiTsJrauiaii),alrjde« 
niojfictoes,cjua;pii!chemmainomnium fpecie 
iunt,cuin pingunt, tum hngunt , ndutj homincni , 
equumixxiemJeone formolHIununv ad id quod 
n^umeftmilUfpedecolIiniaraes,laudanKBhc> 
minesquandam Polycleti ftatuam canonem ap«* 
pellatam.Indeadeoid nomenfortitum,quodpar 
riuminterleomniiim competentiam ad unguem 
habeachabet autemquemnuncquaerimus , plus 
sliqmd,cjiCanoiiilk.Quumnoii(bIiinihumoris 
acuccitarismmedioconuftat,isqmeufocos,iiue 
c^dratusefthcmoilederiamoptimamformario 
iiem&adcptus.Qua-fortafTcbonam quatuorele 
roentorumtempenemeftcomttata,fortaflediui« 
nioremaliquamfupeme onginem habet.Case» 
nimproriuseufarconfiltemefleeiufinodihomi» 
nemaduero eft neceflarium. Qtrippe mechbcri* 
tasincame^mediocntatetemperamentiproue 
rik:prorimisautemadiec)uiairtaIecorpus,utopd 
meada&cmesfeomparatunvTummmoflicie, 
& duriria praeterea calorcac trigore mcdiooiter 
fchabea^atqshaxomniainfintairi^ufcjmaxii 

twiHi 



,,GoosIe 



mcillipart/,i]ua:ctiimramanumJ5dlicrtcjusccal 
kimdulmocUiion corxraxit,qualisin remigibus 
&fofloribtjsccrnirur.CuenimgernraufuseaiM 
ftnanmiMJtCi&tfa&u <tfcerKdi,&Kmqu5pJ 
aracompreHendendi akfcfactucSttiinudet 
cjHunn tangendum, dutc ad aKquidrraiore ntea 
pinxlumnwgisfiiruidonec.QumctiJcuiis.ciua: 
jK>a tolum omnium bomiais parriuiri,ied eua* unu 
uer£c.quxgenenubni,cc«updoniq) lubrjdtur 
rubltantia:mediacft,earKCcaIlola,riecdur2bp.> 
deaueeit,fediccunclumnaturamichabcns,quo 
ftilicet cutis gencK msudme.perfectum eueiacuj 
eeniinws.AcqucKlmduricu&mollidcmedium 
ompjumpamcularum locumuttortia^bundeli» 
quer.Quodaurem&mcalore,acfrigorefiiriiIiter 
Khabear,exduslubftanturrrainicintelligaslicer. 
Btenimuebti fanguinepcedirusneruus,quilit 
interneruum,&carncmquiddamplanemedium. 
Acliexmiictisurrifqjconftituercrur.CatcrStier» 
uus,ornruVexaguis eft &frigidus,Caromukifati 
nguiriis&calicU.^criamteruminqueeltcutis. 
Necplaneexanguisutuerous,necfanguineabun 
dans,utcaro.fiigirurhancomniuraanirnalis par* 
oum,ueludnormam. Judicemcpproponcns, rdi> 
quailUcoiiferas^tcpadeamcxarriines.CKSodiuer 
lasiruemperies ineis inucnicsjamq» membraiim 
tibideomnibusdcirKepscliffiram,rmrrudiiT?inu, 
F ftigidifli» 



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fijgidifuniumcjincorpore pnuiacft. Calidiffi» 
rnum (anguis ,non tameeft is perinde humidus,ut 
pituitxSiailfimuac frigidiflimumrft piliis . Mi< 
nus eo fcV frigtdum & ficeum eft os. hoc uero mW 
nus (iecum eit c art dago.Proxirne haac fequit ,quc 
Graracxcartilapine&Iigairiento compoiifo no* 
naine^hondroiyiidefmon uocanc , poft hunc ten» 
do.danceps membf ana,& artena,cV t icna, ipfa (ci 
Kcetcorporauarorum.Succcdunrdeinaeneruidw 
riunottes autem nerui in humiditate & ficcitatc, me 
diamnarmam,Ccuticurisopnnent.NamipaUera 
oppoficione.qusceft calidi &C frigidi neruus mofc 
fcinrnediotwneft.SedtaiJrumeidefitdeealore.. 
Cjtiaritumdeianguiie.ItauerocVreut^ornniapri 
iisckfta^ofuntcMcn^'cu'ora,quatuominush>: 
bent (anguiiui.Etiam timicaeipfavnaxime fangu/ 
neorum uafbrununeriarum,dico & uemrum,ix> 
■eluracxanguaura,lcdeiiamn^'daeriatuiaccw 
caetu tum tanguinis catefiunc .accjj ad medium tem 
peramendftarumtjeffltint.Sanguisueroipfe.acoc 
defuumaccipitcalorem.Quippeiduilcusfiaturt 
mmomaium animalisparticularum maximefan» 
guineum^umuerocah'ifRmumcit:proximumiI 
Iiiecureil.uerumcorpauIocpcudsmfnuseftdu» 
mm,ieeurmtiIto.Iacpetiamhumidiusq;cutiscof 
eft,quanto&iMceteftmolIius.Iamueroc3rohunil 
taiorcuteeft,cademtamenca!idior.Sp£naIisautem 
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medulbmterfthumfdior,atcprtiamfrigidiOf,Si 

cuci iwc njrfus humidius eft ccrebrum: ccrebro ai» 

tnniplbadepscui conaetio conttgit,propterca 

quod menbranis adtacet.Craflb nancn olroeft fi» 

nule,Eocpcongelan1r,ubiamifrigidis,8c'ejian» 

gutbuspatticulisconumgitur.AtnecpdrcaKair 

eoire adeps poteft , nequecirca at:erias,uenas ne, 

au t cocScd nec rirca aliam ulbm prxcalidam pa» 

ticufam.Quoniamaulcrocogittirperid,quoduai 

cfeeft(rigiduni,iclcircoca!efKffaUciuatur,oncrcw 

cuin congelatorumritu. Atcetebrum calefacfium 

nanimeliquatur.eocnadipe minus elthurmdu. 

Porro miniishumidaqHaadcps.eft&piiInio» 

nianca-o.Vtquacnccipfacalcfaflaliqudcat.Iaiii 

Song? ettam cp haec adipe mtnus humida cft , tii 

licnis.tum rcnuhi caro.Omniatamecuteujnthu 

rnidiora. hatum rerum drnxxifcraxiones 

proiimoubrotradam.ficudomraa 

quxad uniuerfamdetempe» 

mcnds dilputationem 

peruhet, duobus 

dcincepscome 

cartjs expo 



Gaicmde temperameUs.ThomalAaao 
Anglointerprcte^tbripriinijfinis. 



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GALENI DB TEMPBRA* 

mcnlii.libcrfetundBS.Thoma 
Linacro interprcte. 

ICquodmulufariam qiridcmdica» 
rur,humidum,(i<:cum,cabduin,&frf 
gidum corpus in< proximodcfmi* 
mmeftlibro^dcmonfrratumprxte 
m eflr. temrjctanentoru difFcrrntias. 
unamqiridemquac mediocris fit &cueratos ,qui 
eriamKmr«atamuc*amm.Rcliqu3sornnes um 
tcpera tas ejuamorferiphccs.uniaialKctmquaq» 
ponenrcquah'rai^catorc,frigore,Occitatc ) ud fauml 
dirax:quaruorabhuch'uerla9,inc|uibusuiriul(p 
oppofitiortisalteraqualitas exuperat,dicoautem 
duasoppc^ricfflcs^eraquseeflcalidi&frigidi, 
alteraqua>eftrngidi&fiecr,Abhisadnotasearii 
digreliT.dctempcraramtiiradifceptauirmis.quo» 
i]iamhaxomniumprimauirrrjre,porcntiacognt" 
tionifcpordinefikAtcumtempaanimaliudabfb 
rotedictum inueniarur inuniuerfa rerum natura. 
AUudinfinguusgenerlbus,pnncipioui(um eft 
cleeocc^derandumerR.qucjdcrarraiunuerin 
uniuer(amtijraeirJmaiur,r«i^iK)rrra,iucIicucp 
erac,ckrrratocvjmpordcinb3MpaKtas.Cuiusrd 
grariae^rerrmnimomniuni mcdiumadunguem 
ieddtom,euaatc«i&ljnrnmetron,rijjeterm)eratu 
&medic» 



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8tmcjio<Ttmiult,didtur.Rt)iquaquatnCiigu« 

lisoaieribustcmperatadicunturproprris corpo» 
iClWftcKiibuiufiburtpiudicant.Eotjifit.utidc 
anrmahscuiufpiamftii^i8uecotpus,oinruuqua: 
incoiuatg£Dcir,mediumt{rcpoffit,idcft,inillo 
gencieeucraton&mediocre.Altcriajipamcom 
paratmn,udflTrpuirn,uclantmaliuiTi,viclaniniorit 
gewri^Ucraumiuieiriteraperatuin , Quippe uia 
uencis corpus cum doraortui ooSatum, humidius 
eo^aUdiuTcncir^ierbigratiaJeouiue^corietTior» 
tuo^mipiciriplb^umalteralterocalidior,humi 
dk>rcBeit,AtcBrnde adeo d><5him ueteribuseit, 
anunalcalidum&humiduni efie.Non abtoluto 
fenrone,cnrodhunjiditasineo,calorue.cxuperet 
(Skeniminucnirceitanrnialiaucca,frigiclacBCo< 
pIura^iduocul>cej,mufcas,apcs,forrnic2S,'fediit 
admcxtuacoUatu:uiuaeraapes calidior buidiorcn 
cJnxrrtuaclr,cVfornii:auiiia,cpmomia.Cuhoic 
tama^eormJjctueuecollata^alrjjiaiiguinepraw 
clrdsanirnau1xis,ornniaidgerrustngida,ikcacjue 
ttmperkruntQuinfiadiiniuerlamnaiuramfpe' 
clanseaeapendat^eficcjuidcmcjuomrnusfrigi» 
da,flceacBlnititbDamur.Taricpeniminuriociuo« 
quegenere,ubiqm'damedicxritarcrecetlit,abeo 
quo3uirmr,norriena£dpit,Irideininuniuerla(ub 
frariria^umalicpudnietuamtranncritjiSamplius 
cuciaimJedurfc^diun,uelfriycKJ,uelhumidu, 
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udficannrKmiriabftur.Monftrammetiimfupra 
efthominrm nonforumatumaliurn,ftirpium ue: 
ledeaamrdiquorum omnium maxfmecne tenv 
perarum.Quoniam autemexmultis & atflrdend 
bus iicondinjs.cft pjrtit)us,manifcfhmicft(jiBC 
parsmcdioomniumfit cemperamento,eamefle 
manmeeucraton, fhre ternperaram . Quacnanque 
anima]iseiuscruodmedfjfirtemperamenri,media 
parriculacftjiaxomnium umplidtereft tcmpera 
tfflrmum.Monftracumueroeftidefle in homine 
cutem.Atc8huiuseammaximeparte,qua:inma5 
nueftinrema.Sicamenqiralerneamnaairacftmo 
uB^alisperititerit.Iamueroquodneccuiuiuftp 
homiiisainsmccju ablblutcloquendofitunuier 
fefubfr.itiar.Scdciusquirnaximeeft tcpcratus, 
diclupnus eft.Plurimaenimefleipltsquocp ho» 
numbiis inter fe diflereaa, uerii maxie teperatus xs 
eft,qm'oorporisriabfm,me&'uslioi2 extremoiu 
apparct^raalitatis,craiiinjdirus,durKic^r.ciiciri 
itc\yealcm's,cVfrigcraJnueiiia8emcuruflibctho< 
miniscarigedocorpiis,udmrce&halfcuorcanca* 
- torc,udirmeu,&aox > uclhorurieiinujmiiiofngt 
cUarequ3cl5polIcie,<rigiditateai«fxMlereutirKss 
corpore icelftgerc oportet.Eocjtu fartguirKO,iu 
huido.Accorporequidetalis e teperatiflimusho, 
Ideaioquc<pmecliusomm'noe,audacia;SCa'mo 
ris.Cuccatiois &praxipjiau'di< > rriiicncordia;, SC 
inuidiar: 



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nus,&pmdero.Bteprrau'lumuscp'dehoexhis 
primu^podiuroicpagnc^.Acccclutnonpauc» 
corum,quae «ncceflitatrhaK fecjuunf. Qeippe 
edit^bibiKjifamodo.&iuitrimeranolbluiuetre, 
iedetiainuenis,&totacoiporistrK)fe, > pbcc6co« 
quit.Oc/qKut(emddica^r2rHruraIes,maiaIesiiir 
tutesinculpatashabet.Cu&lcnluu raculratibus, 
& membroru rnoribus oparnis fit .pixdirus^; ru 
imiKbcc4orelempo(u^diadper(piradiexcKrrie 
toru bene coparacus Jde medius imer fomnokntu 
&peruMe,tri«erglabru&hirri5,imerri«tucolo 
rem&alBiim,pdorcubabeatcumpuereitrnagis 
rufos^]iigros,mflorccftcontra.Atquoniadifa 
fererKiaru,c^exxiatcciuslpeclari(^>ietionefc' 
ci.noalimufo.aliquidiadeijsquocpappcmCTc. 
Porrouoleba unius cuiulcppratdtcraru norarum 
caufcpCTfcqui,ucrucuadea,qoa;nucfut^)pofii9 
magtsjuigcataaatucofyderario^uxetS maxirni 
nobisadcauMinueuc«raculiiateluggent,huic 
nuctnfiltimus.Iradl^amus^irurrecaisformatu 
«pimalfa u tero rrotrit,quo fcranms ejuaranonehu 
midinTOu^caKdiflurim^u^)rimaeiiieiusc6ftitu 
Kbexlemine &£ngufaeeft,quxliurmdat&ca<- 
lidxresfunt ,his autem magis (emper ficcelcenri* 
bus , primum quidem forrnantur membranar, tuni 
^iieutlccra&langtiijuala.ulriauejoperficrut 
ofi&& 



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ofla,&ui^ra,&csuTihg«wj,concrcQlci&ec©f 
rumlubftarKia.AnteeriimtjtudtenclipcJlttfiib« 
KCla£ibftiincia^ic[concrdcetr,nJhilficriincmora 
torumpotcft.Ettunica; quidcm,acrncmbrar,a:, 
artcriaccp,&ncrui,&ucnae^cn£lc»,ofla,caiti1»gi» 
ncc,ungucs,unguia;,8Ciiifccra,coagulatacapcrfl 
ciunmr.HisucroiauteropcrfofUsuadcindepari 
cer iiifans.Elt ucro adhuc *a fiimmo humidus,uc 
lLuini2rualga.Idcr<noin(angwnisuafis modo& 
uifceribus, ac camac , ted etiam ipus ofljbuf , quae 
lalicecficcinirnaiuntomnium quxinnobisiunr, 

£jrdum.Vcrumtumh»c,tumrcliquatotaunac5 
smembraquaficercafira^nfanriumnutricesfin 
gunt/ormantcp.TantacftintotopueIlonimcor« 
rx^rehumiditas.Quinfireccmeditumporceuunt. 
ude(Ie,iicldi(rccmminJpicercueus:carncmqui« 
dOTeiusrrmccofam,pradTOuclaVpinuenics.Ofli 
umuerogcrmsuniurrlum,caleoquimodoutcoa 
gulamsacTfimile.A<leo,utrrurxrriarianimaIi9cor 
puspropter redunclantemineohurnoremlibens 
Boncomed^.QucKlma]dmctumtuilh>anouil> 
u'fo2tuscorporiacddit,propterea quodcarmxi» 
mefumhurrridVi.Caprinu^ouodGcciusfit, Sime* 
huseluieft&iucundius.Contraueroq;uinouel 
UsproceIUs,qua?curK£imfenuerutJiaxoi1aqui' 
demomnia &Ugan^um'uerl^pratfcca,(irie(uc 
cc^cVir^pidapouldem.Camemuerooeruolata 
&dunm 



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&durariiJWriasqtic«jS&ucnaj,&neruos^rta 

asculpaloriuiec,tafuaues,&finefucco.Qua:rne 

choitaaihorurri^nupermtorumiuiif,qiia!uucj) 

iamaccceprao^iatinqinniualciuoabfcini.taw 

mm&r&exoerraftccirarefuntremota. Quasmi* 

rtorafiinr,atcp adhucaugcicunt .tantum eaquocp 

abgefcaticriamnumfcetushumoreabfumjquarv 

tumprocefleruntaaatc.Rorefcensuooanas om» 

iiiunianimaliumrrarameinmedBextrcrnoruefi 1 , 

necji (icur liniinn adfumnum pcrducla uccitatf , 

necji tieluri infanrium anas in hutnore & muko uui 

dornerfa. Curigiruraliquicelcbriummedicorum 

hiunidum effe icniuiTi,prodiderum . An uidejicet 

quod excrementorum abundsnria iunt decepu , 

Quippetumoculi hulacruiusfuffundunrurtuni 

naresdefbllarioneiriarianuTijmirioreeorurnfali 

uscopiacMibeiacAdriaKtumtuffiunt,rumex« 

avampituitarnSblicetpulmoDes quoqj hacefle 

irfertrMiudicaraes.unerqticKpillispituitaeftple 

iius.Tufir]guuamciiliqtK)damc*k>muccofi.Ca> 

Knimritriilriorumobftat,quorninus(enum cor» 

poraficcaccnfeanrur. Vt quorumneruos & artt. 

rias,&uenas,&men3brarias,&c«ritiiuminfnii« 

memorammmcas^railtx>c]jpriuserant,ucciores 

inuemas.Circumfundiauttrnillis extrinfecus ,in> 

trinlecmue,autpiuiitofumquendamriurnorem, 

autmuccofiirn.Vertimtanrumabeft,ma'ufmo« 

G difigna 



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<B%raimnia6fau(nnse(attm humidamconfi 
mant,metiamficcOTeffcpropeirJtentur.Ic!drco 
nancB rjarriculaqtseuis ficcior.qulante uidctur, 
cjuodpeccalorbiinbccffitatcmJtDiilinaoanutri 
hir.rortscntmcc^a3b',fauirncUcxcKinctaifupe> 
fluitat.Corpusamemcmufcj?ihtrinfecus,ficaim 
eft,c]uodnec trahrre intro nutrimentum ualeat, 
necco furFicientrr frui.Eft ergo humidus fenex, 
nonproprrjsfuispam'<^,fcdexcrementis.Rur« 
fumficcus,tioexCTemcriris,fedparnculisipfis.Ita 
mminimah'ogenere(kcus,al«ohumidus.Verum 
noncftadpranensdcexcrcmcnriscius,(cddepro 
prijs partibus difceptario, quarum propriae actio 
nes uitam cius complent :his igitur ficcus fencx 
eft, quibus fcihcct puer cft humidus.Ipfis nimi 
rurn fblidis corporis parricuIis,ombus,menv 
branis, Ugamentis, arterrjs, ucms , neruis , runicis, 
carnibiifqar.Mrritoque Ariftotdesfenfummar 
cenri fhrpi adfimilar. Quippe ftirpes noudla: 
dum funt.moues ,humidaeque cemuntur.fenw 
fccntesaffiducmagts ficcefcereuidentur, Adpos 
ftrennim ftcca: prorfus redduntur. Idque ipfis 
mors eft. Ac quod ficdflima sctatumfcnilisfit, 
exfem dicns Kquet. Quod aulem & frigidi[fi< 
ma Ct.id ud niagfsefteuidens.Ifautdeeo ne* 
modubttaucrit.l^^&:tangermlmesfngKk'ap» 
parent, 8cfaalcin frigidum ftatum mutantur. 
Etnigri 



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fimgri.&Iiuicufiutt.&fr^^morbis fadfc 
capiuntur. Apoplroa ncruonim lefolurionc^tu 
pore.a-anortjCOniulDone.clelnllauonc.taucc» 
cbne.Ponoperijteorumomnis paulominusfaiv 
guis. Eoqueuna perijc & coloris rubar.Iamue* 
rocoria>cBohis,&c!igeftio,&figm'ficario,&ap 
pofrab,&nutrHio,& appctcniia,& fenfiis,& 
morus ,obkfa omnia (um,uiriofeqiieadminiftra 
ta.fi cou'd,qii3rfb,ahudcftfcruum,cguiaadime* 
ritumf Ita n mors naturalis calotis eft extincnb, 
un'c^feniumueIuritabesqua:dam«usnierit.Ve 
rumnonperindcdepueroram.&florenriuacta 
tetncamedicoscoriuenic.SediieccIirimereins 
tereoslicemeftprompcum,prcJjabfle8enim(uilt 
iitrorumque raciones , tum eorum , qiri pueros 
calidiores efle, qnam florentes setate cenfent. 
Tum eorum,qui contra,florentes caudiorespu 
eris eflecomendum.AIteriiiancnieexeoquod 
jangutats humor ornnium,qua? in animalis haben 
tur corpore caMiiTimum nacura fit.tum quod 
fcctus tn utcro propcmodum fanguis tantum fit 
poft enfm fingendisutiqueiam particulis,au'ud 
os efBcicur, auudjarteria, aliud uena,aliud di* 
uerfum ab hfs aliquid : omnia tamen rubra, 
tum quod fanguinem f^erifutnum,calidifli« 
mucpoptmeattcolItoutcaKdWimiicflegeftatum 
inuterofetu. (^ocTfieftetia pucroscjuaiD gefta 
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tisinutcropropiorafimt.tantocneflormtilius 
actatecaUdicra.AheriqiicdettampIurimusfitiri 
floreabusfanguij^ccoptofiotcpinpucris.Itaut 
cius occafionecrebrohis languisproflu&.Quiii 
caauiquodflauaibilisfuccus.quiiarguine multo 
cft cajidior, plunmus hts fit , propterea calidiores 
eflefloirntcs,qjpueros,confirmam.RutfusilIiab 
ipfisfunilionibiisqiiocftumaugcantur,tumplu» 
ra,6Jprocarporisfuiportionc,alimfntatumap* 
petant,tum conficiant,ua!idum efle in pucris calo* 
rem aflerunt. hi contra humiditatis occaltoue , po* 
tius,cp caloris ui, augeriillos contendunt. At con 
coctione non modo florentes non uincerc Jed eti3 
longeabippucrosuiirci.NamcVuomitionesris 
excoricociiscibisaccidercj&deieclioncshumfa 
clas,a/pcra(cp,aca(uccoaIieras.Quodfiappctut 
plurajnjhilidfacere adcaloris robur.Primuentni 
idnoacddcrecaloriscopia,utanimalappcratpIu 
ra.Immocontra,rcfrigeratis fdicct hts parribus, 
qufousappetermadebetur.Deindequoniamno 
tantumad nutririonem,federiam increraenrum, 
aJimetmimmoIiuntur.Idcircoctiampluribusmw 
trimmtfsipcfleopus.Iamuerorelicjuisfun&icini 
rwsuniucrus,criamnoobicurc,inferiorcseflepu 
eroshis.qui florendfimt «ctate,utquinectrgredi, 
neccurrcrc^joportare.necquicqtin (ummaagen 
ck>tumopcrumGiniUterobeant,Cumflorcribu», 
aHenfuni 



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rum foJumcvmncm.tumintcDcdumadfuiranam 
perfe&cwem,borataGcmcj; peruenifledicant.In 
lummapuerum adnuc impetfeclumeflenWnce, 
atiimal perfectum.In perfetflis rattonabileetle, ma 
ximeacUiummaximecpprfhcepselernentumpol 
lere.Quin fomno quocp plurimo dedttos pueros 
uidet%licet,contraminirnoflorentesefle conten* 
ros. Quanfp hunc quoqj,alirer accidere , neinianu 
quJdemhc»ninemcenfereaiut,cpcalidouidtoquo 
dammodograuatoq; humoris copia,uelutitum 
exttmuleraisinteIJigerelicet,ttimtjs,quibalneoU» 
beralius fint uQ .Irauero & papauer (omnificum 
efle,&mmdragotam,&Iacfacam,&omra'aquae 
humidiore/r^fdiorecji tfperie iunc Ac tales qui« 
Ctemde propofitarumanatum temperie rationes 
utrinos ancruntur. Omnes enim receniere , fuper* 
uaajurnuidetur.CumforrnuIaipfa epicherema* 
tu^uetexrp.cjuaftetulitnus.&tisclareperlpicipof 
flcEminus eramutricp , fermccp a (ecundis priota 
colligunc Ac tancpiamfciataudttor quemadnx» 
dumauc"tio,quernadmodumconco(Sio,&cjuem 
adm«Iumnumaofiat,ueriSafadimSiriilimodo 
defoi(u,demotii,defunc"hbnibm,tumrtaturah> 
bus,tumqua:agifunttdonea?,di/putantX^e(brn» 
niqtiocpgeneratione&ciboruinnatura,menrio» 
nem,faa'uut,qnorum nuOum fimplex promptucp 
cognitucfl:£ed&multanidi(qui(itionemrequi« 
G ii} rit.ncc 



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iit,nccpoteftfortaiIcuIUcomperttmieflc,iiifiqui 
prius f»imidani,ficcam,caficlam,rfigidamcj tem* 
periemfdatagno£ere.Qm'cquidcnimeoniniue 
lurifdentesdicunt,idfidocereeos cogat.proriui 
difputarionemde temperamcntisjiandcilicetcui 
nuncinfiftinius.cldydcrabunt. Quarepermutua 
&exmutuis,fiunti)sdcinonftrarioncs.Exr)squi 
demquxnuiica^aTirnus,ccuiamfimcognita,cu 
deaflionibusdilpitfani,&alxHumacmedicame 
torumfacultatesinueftigant,acde(bmno,&alijs 
idgcnusdflerum.Riiriusauternquacnuncfiint 
propofitapmlla.uduapnusianctodcmonftra. 
Egoueroduunodidemcraftraaoriesiionprobo, 
quinfiratcriumimoportet^cclemonftratiories 
eascenleo,ucIiiriclifFufiusmalipoftmdi,(ariufcp 
e(IemomriidcKxndigerieitexiffimo,ordinenic5 
cepdontun difEmire . Sifeitur prindpium omnis 
quscde tempcramentts iufopitur duputationis , 
rraccario deelemetis rft,Ciitnccaiinparibiiapror 
fufcpmurarionisexpcma,aIterari,muraricBpoten 
ria,abfflommuerocogiun'one,Scundadeiriccps 
eft,propofitanunedifputario,nonuu'cpfumenda 
eft ipforum fides ex fjs,qux no dum (duntur/ed 
ficurinimrcctumeft,tumueroiiiftu,quodfume 
diimaddcmonffrarionemeft,uclcuidensaliquid 
firoportet,uclquodprius fuit demoftratum. No 
cftgiturnccpde(brniiigcncrationementiofadc« 
ckyxqj 

DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



ffejKtp&coaGO&oiiviKpau&oc.wcpdralio 

»dgenusullo,fedabiplaiola^dacpfubic&arum 
rrrurafublfcnKiajtiiTquifitiofacierelajCcutiinpri. 
nwIilmfcdmus.Quippcftaruentn aliudefle, 
quodenetgri,uueac~mf}r,alrudqucxlporeftate, 
decoquoa^a<^iamcaMdum^TOidum,hurjiidu ) 
(koimue(It,rjriu«dincrcndumriiediximus,fuli" 
indeadcaquapcxcftateuniucnieridum.Porro 
eonim,qua;adu,calicU,rngicUjTmrrida,ficcj 1 ue 
runr,obuia,rOT)mpracrjoiruAuscc»ninocfl:,ut» 
porequajraimdtfcerrrlquelt. Quifcilicer, &igne" 
iplum cahrrurn eflc doaiit ,&gfademfrigidam. 
Quod fialiaquapiam raacVrononcm.agrntknic 
quc catidi, frrgidiuehabmt.dicanrhaocnobis. 
Iramffam enim ac rulbus effedus (apientiam 
promittunt .Immo C uerum fateri rfcebit ftupo» 
icmpouusjireramtcruibilrumaliumqucrnpiam 
habere&iudicemmeliorcmputent,quam iple 
(Jtfcnfus.AqmficorunijCJiocacTucalidafurir.ali» 
mefleiudexcjBiSvui.nuBuspoteft.iirngantiarn 
derncr^smulro3tuK>s,tumienes,trrmadolc(ceri* 
res^umpueros,tumincintes.Itaenim inuenient, 
cpitr^is^ninusuecalidiCnrJSidercbusfaifibili 
busrarioalesdemoftTrooesquaiu^deniueipfa 
mqurrerKfueft,cenfcndane(ir,(icutoibushoikus 
apparet.candida^uidcut Anaxagoras afleuerauir, 
no c3cUda.Svrero<fcpice(rrnilimcidocoruocg,ac 
rdiquis 



«wGoosk 



tclKjMomnftu«rftini»ndumNtqienini(iiion 

hlbciidacftoculisfKfesdralboquoduidcnt.dt 

nigro(tnedenron(riacionefidesdfchabenda.Om 

nia igiturqua: fenfuiapparttit,fiiamii'decareredi> 

cu«/iecol«TmaIbumdledcaiit^fipriujidui* 

derfnr radone Jmmo nec cakem,nec dienvKC (o* 

lcm.Adamdcmmodum&deuocc^unbusfide 

abrogent,&deodore,riaribus,&deomnic 

bi1i,ipfiactusfcnfui.BriOTehsrcfimtpyroni3 

(tatio,&mgjeimrnen{a^Saneeciuumruerat,eot 

quiopamamfectaminpMofcir^adcgifieir,quas 

(aJicacalidiin^feiduynirnidum^&liccurnprin» 

cipiacVdcmencaitamit,nc«intanaimdilciuri]ea 

uirisqirihaxpolueixim.mqcf omnisdemoftra» 

tioiijspnncipiafunc,quarc])(enfui,cjijarcf iiitellc* 

duifuiitrraiWeltaronccciio(ocmirJ3tprofcvfto 

cpifqiu'sdehnaddum'tat,lruftradc alifsinquirir. 

Vtpotenetmdequdemiitincepturusquicc^Cbi 

relinquens. Vndcigitur 4i tam diuertam uiam di» 

omaua,-x&tiSMkmtaamcogfaUmca n »tk> 

neconlequitmianintTEgolarienecogitarequide 

pofliim. Eoqjquod aciu calidumeft, tactuiudi» 

co.SiquidautemadhuccalidumnoneftJedutta» 

lefiatcftidonetim,quoduticppoteftatec:lidi)m 

apprllamus/d rarione inueftigare ccnon hrj uero 

onmianeboquopacfo(ubucinra,&faargum£ 

u'sprolixen:loricantHr.Scdhosmiaa!rHB.lili'usra 



«wGoosk 



mennucmmimeobliriquodimumprauorudog* 
matii principium (Il.nihildc demoftrauoneprius 
meditatum finiulresipfasinquirere.firnul ueluti 
icientemquidmmdemonftratioiit,demonrtrare 
temare.Denuoigituradpropo(itumreuerfl J ca!i» 
dumquodmaa^biiscognofcerecupirmis.pn» 
mum &maxirne,t»!miuaicemus.Eritautemopti 
rmrmiudio^iiiurio,eodemcriuniusrrifamiscoh> 
pore.potcftenim &qiialiscalorilliante bicruuu 
tuertt.inmemoria reporii.Etqiialisnuncfit poft 
duosforteuclmsinterpofitoJaiinoiJSinJcjjniu» 
taiioorriuihoullaadcalidirm/rigidurnue rnfanri 
faclaiudcbif.nuUuinpnrtcrcanrjiotiumentjqiu 
ulcRadflorentemxtatemfuturus exceflus litcolli 
gere.Quodfiplurespuellospluribus conferreflo 
rcnabus»tateudis^racilcsgtacilibus, quadratos 
cpaclraas,&craflacr^sconfercs,r«jueuero& 
quicolore,& rdiquisomnibus ( quoadfieripo» 
ftft}nmiluerlehabeanr.QuippeudifFeremiamrri 
a^urxisinuaiircftudcas.iniimilibusfjtrnaxirM' 
Iicctnarirris,<amrnquifiiionaTiamu5faa'csJ'orro 
inconrrarijs naturishanc dilquirerenon paruier» 
roriseftcKcafio.Cumrnterimnontamexplorato 
tumcorporumanatis,cpnaturaiis temperamenti 
graria cUffercnria exi ftat. Ad eundem modum , tu 
uicTuuniuerlb tum tcmpacum,quibus cxpJora 
ftarij,parimcidoleliabeiiicorrxiraeiigea,noexer 
H citatum, 



«BvGoosIe 



ritawm,reqtrictocor^Is,nobameo'u(uni,ei qul 
eoi»fitulusjt5iduiuu ) {aturo,noficientf,ebrio! 
no eu qui Ibk inealuit,ei qui ex frigorerigct, nocu 
quiuiglauit,aquidotrra'iu't,necdeniq;eosquii* 
buscouariaeiiueirutura,ueluic1usratIo,uelqifie 
Kbttreram aYcutifefia.St-drdiqiiaornmaiintcp 
fieriucetparia^uraxtateexceptx-parimodofiunu 
eundemqipueOum aim(eip(bconferes,omnes 
eius extemas drcuftantias (imiles ad unguem (ere 
uabis:quo fcilicer, fi quaharu aKcuius caufat calore 
&frigore dfferentiaccmtFgit ,aTaiisinurat«3in5 
impuxcf. LongannibiexpcrinidiratioDefQrtafTe 
ffadereuideor.SedpIaneuerimrnarn,atcpex ipia 
reiquxfira:efXmtiade(umpta.Sicwinriis,qua7de 
dem5ftraHoe(erip(mius,anobiseftprcidii5.Tu 
uero fortaflecompendiariauoles rninime curans, 
fi&faGt.SdrocrgorrofoluTaliamte.fedetialcnea' 
ir^nefuOTU&NecBtribus.quatuor ueannis ,cp 
rcquiris,inuenturum,fed tota uita m iononltia uerss 
fandiC^antuemmacdpiexmemoratoruuiroru 
coffiTOuerGalicet,noneft,quodputemusclareaii 
quiddemonflraipofle.Sedneci-ationabileorne 
ninoeft,exijs quaefx>fteriorafim,earjrobariqua: 
mntprioira.Brgocalidu.rriBiclurrKpoDyuscjuod 
{altem acf u,necadhuc poteftate tale Gt/emu iudi« 
cemus,miflbnucwpriOTiudidorarcri'cpBSOm» 
rubus notis.Etteiameeutecletadicaturu.adipfi 



«wGoosk 



e^erienr«ternitt6,Meuautiudicuim ipfe(nter« 
pretator.Ccmpluaemmda'ncepscorpora,non 
pi«loiunKxbueruftianii uf antAim,ac'olcfccliil, 
& aCTenorerffiuVurioletangens,ncutros ucra lo 
aitosmiicni,nccco»qiKabfolutofamoiiccalidio 
ren\ncccoscnufrigid»rancflcfk>rcnte«atc,cp 
puer&mdrxcnm.Sienimrelicjuisomiiibusqua: 
extrirtfecusadueniunt alterationibus drcumcifis, 
eascpia:exfolaaetateproiieniure,dirFerenuasefbi 
tnaueris,neuterablbluteloquenriuidcbiturtibica 
lidior.Quippe diflidcnc eorum catores qualitate, 
qua?eximparitateditnatusaeanir.Cuiiisreiot> 
cauonenonnufliueleos,quiiccum uericnrur ,uef 
(npfc«fattcrees,alijpucTcmim,aIrjiuucniim,ualen 
tiorem efle cabrem autumant.Eft cnim puero» 
mm,calor magis halituofus,cVcopioius,cVtan 
gerioblanior.floreritiumcalOTiubacrecjuiddam 
habct^cnonfuaueJ-?aEcigitur tangcuti eccurfus 
differentia , plures indudt , ut florenrium corpus 
cahdius efle pronuririent. Resucroaliter fcliabct. 
Quippequiih uaria materia tacrumluum adca» 
lorem,tum ualenriorem , rum imbeculiorem, 
rumparem cJiicemendumexercuent,buicnodu 
bito puerorucalore, florenoum eak>ri,ucl parcm 
iidampIiorcmmlumraEftporroexcrcendiratio 
haK.IndpiaidumcnimabcoqcFcuidemrnaxinie 
eft. BaIinearuaeritaeftaliqncalens,Htncmoeura. 
H rj ferac 



,,Goosk 



feratSeduriiieo urrfatus uideatur. Altquando 

uae(tfrigidus,mfudarrmeononut.Iamterauiri 

quc>q?&abhisdiuerlum,q^]emua'cj!n]aximere< 

quirimus.tcinpc m um acris ffatum.quid refat 

dicerefldemtrescaloris lratus,in(bIfjquoqfap« 

parentaqua. QuippequarcVcalida adeout urat, 

& frigidaadeo.ut necaUfadac quide.cVtemperaB 

adeo,mcakfadatmodice,&pecernitur.Grgolite 

itreruccatidfor percomer,aquane temperata,an 

acr temperatus,neu trum dicere poflts. Cum e nim 

ambo(imiu'tercbrporib!artda(int,cVmedfoaerite 

perie,alterumeorumdicere cak'diusefle,akerum 

rngidius,nulla did ratione uideturjam fiiatc&tgas 

aquamlabri,cae(fecaliditatrutferueat,autaercm 

baWi'prorfusinnammatum,abiuroqtteparinio 

cbdeurendumo3nifat.Rurfusfiaquamitainteui 

gcsfngidam^utproculaghciatido non abfit.aut 

acremptorfusreirigcratum,ficutcumningir,con« 

ipicitur,patet , quod utriuuus occurfu pari modo 

rcfiTgCTaberis^Tgebifqj.Ergofuiiiinumtum colo 

rem,tumfrigus fumliter in aqua,(imfluerqt in aere 

ftnge praeterea medium amborum extxemorum 

fbtum,umiIimodofnutroq; conftirue,hocc»(u 

quodin medto interuauo txtremorum.&medrj 

ftatus tu tn aere eft , tum aqua,eafdem exceflus di 

ffanaa-cp rattones habebit.Tanroq) dfcesakeru 

mediocri efle calidiu s, quanto alterum . A deundc 

rnodum 



,,GoosIe 



modum & frigidrus cp medk>cnr 9 tatilo cfle aquam 
atiquandodices,quanto& actcm.Tarnetufuus 
iitriuicjj occurfus tangentydem non fit umcp.Ne-* 
cperamuWii modoaquatemperataiicutaertenw 
peratus ucluafficit. Et quid opus eft ui cam difli* 
miUbus exemplum proponam . Cumipfe aerqui 
firrali fit calore,uarie tangenri occurrat , prout alias 
udira"caliginofus8t' haliruofus ,aliasuduti fulu>i* 
noius&hjmoius:interunpurusomninoeil.Igic 
rri pluribus niaemcp differenribus a?qualitas calo» 
risconfiftir.Quxmconiyderarisquafiinequalis 
fiymponit, propterea kaket quod no undequa* 
cpun^apparer.CaaerumhomOjCjuirationes, 
quas propoiui expenderit,& fenfum in multa par 
ricutarium experietiaexercueri£,isnimirum rcqua 
fitatem caloris in pueris florenubufcp inuenie t,ncc 
co faSetur,quod alter in humida^drer in ficca fub <* 
ftanria repreientetur.Quippclapis aliquando pa= 
ricumaquacalore eflepoteft,nuIlumeo faciente 
diicrime,quod lapis Ccrus fit,aqua humidajra igic 
tnihicum pueros iuuenes adoleicentes miflies con 
lyderauon,pra!terea eundem uifanrem, puerum» 
adolefcencecp fac"tu nihilo calidibr uifus eft . Nec 
puer qj «etate florens , nec xtate florens qua puer. 
Sedtantumquemadmodum dixiinpuerismagis 
haluuoius ,cV multus,& (uauis: m floreiitibus exi * 
guus^ccus,necuini]ita' (uaiuseftecaloris occur» 
H irj fus. 



iDvGoogle 



fia.Siqui&mputmrumfubftSiii.iiipoCehumi 
dx,niuiruni foraKcffluit,fiortnciuni fubftanuac 
parumucpoccfio^.Icaqcncucereorum fimplicv 
pcruidet catidior . Sedalrermultirudineeius quod 
difHx.taktr aoiinonia. Quippeinfldcalorispuer 
piusrubCT.eiufijlbiandioris.limodoexlangume 
&ienTOeorc5r«bel.Iiiflorericibus3ECate,exiguu5 
SCocm^cfirmBteriuauiscatortai^fdoccumc. 
[3rgocjlidi,fiigKi!(pcorporis (blus ra&jscft/n. 
dcxJiuiriidiiB&faiunaaitaL^lu/arki.Qyiiv 
peqcFfouefcdoruprctlvisenVAchoctaiSuoQi 
im»dionolcit.Nonrirncfiquiddurueft,vdcl : ra 
tim&£djeft.[ieriimirrleperabilisafaocorpo 
ttduririaeftNoncameerusuriiuspropria.Nam 
&quodafrigoreconcrerum eft,durum cemitfi 
cutglTOes.Quo ucia^rninus ficti Jnimidicrj adeu. 
dalCT'mdifcraioeft,anceMccccJefcirraituut, 
quemaaWidufeincalorehabeantScfrrgore.Ne* 
cpeilimu^dcumiurniTKifi^orereprefeicatdu 
rum^detiamikcuc^.Necfiquidcuuehemeraica 
loreeftmollcJc^fhttimefthumidu.Verucunie 
diocritcreft catidu,cueftimarechirunean moDc 
flt oporcer.Sienim moDefit Jmmidu effcfi durum, 
flcciVerumfihaxraliriaJjecparcium,qu3einhu 
manocorporerumGcxa^rrullaefthiimiida.Nccjj 
mmtaiitaeflemeofi^idicaspoteft^ariquidin 
ipro csncrefcerein duriciem queat.Poteft cnim 
quod 



),jii,i,aB,GoosIe 



cjuodpriusfuitfluxilc^liqu3doconc»r(ctreiKliin 
adeps.QucKieiiimoleofumintanguinc,f]uxilccji 
cVpinguecft.ubiiifr^idumuauilocum.co» 
gitur:duramtamenneficquidemefficirur.Com 
iiitxlrigitiirdiiftuniuctmbusdc.huniidilTimam 
cfleadifKmSccundopoltcarilococarnolunige 
mis.r^pluresluK(pecies,primaquidequa: > p> 
priecaroappellatur,quamicilicetnu(cpincorpo 
reprr (einuetries,(edelt perperuomufculi pars. 
Abhaccuiufc»ui(cau propria fiibitanria eft . ria 
Eraiihanisparcndijmauocai.Quaficp.prepar 
uaJcuicphabet,paruiniTOcll^enicuiu(q3ui(crris 
a&ooiun,huiccanriaccepramrelem:irdhcrum 
noneftnunctempus.Quodaiitcmiprurncerebri 
pulrnonifcjjproprium corpusproxirnuadipiluu' 
rniditarisradcsKfi^exrnollideeiusconiedtareli* 
cet.Nonenimafngidocongdauir,cuneccalore 
fund^rur,propinquamijsnaturamhabetrncdul> 
Ia.Nc«cfttammrAilcleingenenscumcerebro& 
ipinalimeduOa,ea qunein quolibet habeturoiTc. 
Sedcerebru &(pina:medulla erufctemluntgctie 
ris.Rdiqusoc»mrduU«altmusnaairaclunr£ft 
te<nenhumidiusaccalidiusctTebru,cp(pinalisine 
diilkEoqjcriammonia^.practcrcaipliuscercbri 
priorcsrwtesfiraiuthindiorcs.cruatomolliores: 
orr^rarnehaec(stenohu)dioramodo(unr,fed 
<tiamrr^dic«,urioo^uerl>oorraKexaiigwfrigi 
dius faa» 



,,GoosIe 



diusfanguincpKedilotft.ProximacuticftmoI. 
liumneruorumnatura.Duriores auteminhumif 
do&ii<xo,{ecundumciitisraturamiehabeni.Ca 
lc*eabemsnaruratantumabrurit,quarumconien* 
aemeftexaiigiieccrtpusaianguiiieprarditoabelj' 
fe:lienisautemrenum,& iedhoriscaro^antocutc 
efthumidibr,quantoeftmoIlior.Calidior autem 
cjuantomagis abundar langiune.lamcordis caro 
omnibushrjs tantoeft£cdor,quantoeic durior. 
Calidioruerononinodohis.icdraamomnibus 
phnecorponsparriculis.Quoderiainfenfuclare 
deprcrietidaslicecaapeSons animalis diileclioe^ 
fidigituminuniftrumeiusunumirnrniierisjnue* 
niescnimlocumhunc cnimu,qua-inanimaliuint 
nonpauIoralidif[!muraAieririoris,Ueius,rcn5, 
&pulmoniscaro,iimpiias craufdam natutx eft, 
circacuiufqiiufcaTSuenas.artmas.&nrruoscrc» 
fcem.Cordis,iimpl«camisnaturanoneft:fed 
funtineonbrae,qiiaksinmuicu(iscernimus,qufc* 
buscaroo'rcumherer.CaEterumnoneft idem fU 
brarumgenus,ledqua:inmu(culis habenmr ner* 
ucram,&ligamcnrorum iiint parncufee.Cordis 
propria quardam fibrarum eft lpecies, a?que icili* 
cetucumanim,ronicx,atcpartenanimJtemcj>in« 
ttftnommaienm'culiuteri,&ueiica;ucriulcpJicet 
eniminhis quocp inftrumenos propriS quanda 
uiderecarnera/uisiplbrumfibriscicumiiafcentc', 
Atque 



«wGooste 



Atquchacquidtmcima,cuttlunlcalidiotrs;fi.. 
bra:uerocJcutisparampaulom^is,rjartlmpau 
lomimu.aimftigidarjtumfKcx/um^partinilirni» 
ksomiinocurislubftamiie.Porro omnrommv 
branxcutefumficdorcs.ucluriccrrbri.&ljjinalit 
mcJidKrinuohjcri.quxmmingcsdiaBitur.Sunt 
cnirnlttquocpmnnbcsrer. bmltoarnaitaomnia 
quantoajKfuntduriora,l2lofiini&.'Ccciota.Ten 
donesquocpianictfiliganicnuifunt mofliores,it 
tamcncutcluculcmcrluntdiinorcs.Cartilago ue» 
topoftlipireTOtimdeiiKepseft,praTOeainediV 
irmquoddamimereacorpiis.AppcUantidarato 
mici quidam xgoKotAf^U a-Artarfm, quafi uero 
cartilajmeumlifjameritumdjca&Eftaweiriiddu* 
nim,cartilagirjoiWic^lrgamennim«Osiieroom# 
iiiumquxcutisorOTitjduriiiimumeft^AtcoTum 
cpa-cxmKoaaficallimirsepilus.Ddndccornu 
inoxungues,&imgufcr^&calcaria,&roftra»quat 
tjhisiiifingulisaiiimaliumraiicmccarenriiimfi» 
rniles&ntpartes.SucccaumopuniuSj&mairime 
proprius^cdomcilicusfanguueft.liuiusuduri 
iedrrneturn,acfex,arra bilisrft.Quaefdrirco tum 
iiigidic)i^mcraiTior{ariguinceft.8icutnau»bi> 
ItsIorigecaUdior.ftigMimumueroachumidiili 
mumomnium.quxinanimali habentur.piuiita 
eft.InftrunKntum autemquoid cognofdt.iple 
eftuAiis.VeluriHyppotTatesinlibeilodehomi 
I nisnatura 



,,GoosIe 



nbaatuianxmftmit. CasimimcaicdrHgfclaft, 

patot^^irfw.&nKioiudkaiL&iackisqiii 
danaciafij«,<jaodtalisip ccnwur.Rariouero, 
ubinoocaiorecopia,fedmjurjlihumorr'taler{lt: 
orfoiuitAcparticuIxquiarm&fucricorporis, 
adbuncmodumfeliabcntJDcrji > qiia;tcmrjcrani£ 
McomiBnaar defaccpsagctxuim.Cocacat «nim 
ca&quxdxfaiamlunt3niinopc*iiisrafcparabii> 
Waornninofu!*,Affccoc|uick™corporrdurica, 
ab humHO moKicie s . Si tamen cum tepido cakce 
dl;fcd&crai&iK)ohabiais,&gradlicis,tcnipc» 
rataico^imtur.Noneanx>doc|uxnaturafa(unt, 
{edetiamfi quacilot^aconfutludinefum contn 
cfe, Muhos yqukfcn qui natura graoJe» ruerant, 
pingucsrtddit03uidi,contnicpiiuipinguas fue» 
ram.grades.Dliscjuiclemexotiolacc' ddicatauin, 
tototempefarneritoadhuiridiusraitato.Hisur« 
ro m ii k a t cJeratitia^curo,&teriuiuicoi perfic* 
caas.t>'crmusucrac«:horuindilcpmtiidokimno 
tas.Saaiisenimeftt^rcquilpnmnaturafit.aii 
«coo(urtuclmereottrusrio0netpeTalic|uotligna 
difanercpdle^abalioidc|icereit.Sancrhi& 
modi figoonim autor^rque at rdiquorum omni* 
um.mmis eft Hyppocratcs . Siquidcm tjuibut 
cunque htforci uenxrunt, UcaJkuBK* natuta 
funt. Quibusanguftiores.contram^is frij ' 



,,GoosIe 



duCriarfenmjropuscft hajcWatart.ftmicpew 
unclertJtaratibriabilitmnidemferc recidit uera» 
rumangun^etsnihabiropnr^&craffratejiabi 
tusgnwlKCUniucnanimkxitjte. Qnodliqutsfi 
muipinginvt^ffiiicpc.KuemslaxasbAajiscS 
faeajdnsaticuius occaSoc nonaturapinguiseft 
«ddto.Srait ediuerlb.fi quis anguftas habet 
uenas,cVgraeuiseft,ne huncquidmi ralcmeffc 
naturaiiecefieeft. Qumcurn famcsurgct medfc» 
aitatemexla»rateumanrm,cVarrgiutia,nona 
cacterotorjus coroors habtru fpe&anda efle ait. 
QurppecjDianguftas habene uen» ,exigui (imt 
5ngusvs,neclongam tnediam rYrunt.Quibus 
latt, his copia fangtonis eft,& cina noxam d» 
im abftmentur . Caufx horum euidentes iam 
fc«,tjsc^anm.umaduerteriM,tametfianienon 
referanrur.Scdquoniam non omnes aduertunt, 
nrcenurn fortaue.erit aliquid eorum caufa dixif* 
fe. Quicqutd tn languhe pingue ,iene, & te* 
nueeft,idincaUdtoribus corporibus aumentum 
cjuoddam caiido fit. In frigidiorfbus feruatur. 
CiiiKjueiduengtran fi ia faM tubimfrigiclaspar» 
tkubs modk , quodgenus membrana: funtm rp 
conarfdt.In partjbus uero natura cahdtoribus, 
cuuGnodi camofx funt , a calorc ipfb abfurni» 
rur.Kcngeritur. Nnt&ubi frigiditati tempera. 
mcnti etiamuiifhis indulgciitK>r,ipfis camoiis par 
I rj rjciUis' 



,,GoosIe 



tfciftttrifrfraliqliidaiinat. Quaniionectilauac 
hiarKdcimtam anmalia,iionraio injcniuntur 
adiptobd^fcmlinicuirafuntpiguioro.Qd' 
(atefoemiiHijimtftlngidior&plurinijnido 
miucr&ur.AcquiajncjcarpoiumhafainisSttt» 
pttamtnu natura fint & mtdiocri tmcuaonoc 
utuntur,rKwnccrireefteuiarcoscfir,idueroeft 
mcdioaioniiurocotporishafauu.QuibusutTO 
huiradu abundat,&calot anwJjocritate (umma 
iwnlongeabeft,hicocpulrrm,lijr carnofi fiunt, 
(^puli^iwiusfiitiiiiciuinaiutaiuntcrmpaa» 
ri.Caa«rumdr6dci &0006 uiuunt, Quippedi. 
(5himauocrilM,ron)nKKiinlnccrt,coQluctudi 
nemarrarifinnamciTcnaniraro.^^fcinalTcopot 
tcbitcuroidiOTicmddixmnlus,inquoui»cuam 
capitedefrmrenatur»ncftgidior,anexccmfiirtu» 
dincquifpiamftrcddims.Scdilludlcgcnubutrc 
mitterc.feautemcopetidficaulaprorjriojcuiqj 
tcmperamcntocorparishabirusperfccjui.SuiiBi<= 
turiKjnnuBiqui&graaksfiif.&urtusparuasha 
bcant-Sedficxipqucmpiaminckias.adcpsotci» 
dct.Quamconftatnm^intnTimeiusmtnbta» 
namfubnala.Etntoidquiclrmmiairisctjtiipia» 
tui^fotminuifepuTWiiiiriTiair.Bfnaixptum 
frigidiorisTOttrrasrumuitxmagisdcGdiokciuf» 
ntodinota,Siquidemadtp» tx habttttsfiigiditace 
gir^'tttf,Coipukiida;fliWcaiiii» abundatjtia ex 



«wGoosk 



{anguinucopia mfcitut.Mcdkxriias tcmperatat 
natuneeftnota.Eia>tpuleaiquide,omnino plus 
adipishabent^temperad.Ncctamvnprocatms 
fen^rrportiooeadcpsCmulaugcwr.Scdaliosha 
betepluscaniisydiospluaadipisiitdeas.alijsam 
boparin»dofumadaucta.Etquibusc|uidemarn 
boparimodoluntau(fia,histantumfupratanpe« 
ratanaturjhuinonscft.cJtu&frigons.Quibus 
aijtrmpluscftadipiSjTnrusfrigidipluseft.cphu» 
midi.Ect^utc(uibiiscaroeltpicriior,hishiirno« 
risplusiifto elt.Nontammctiam rngoris.Cum 
cnimcaloriintradebitosfrrKamaneiiti.bomiaiw 
guinuacceducopia,rirceiteeftcorpuleiitiafecrua 
tur.Quantum autem (upra mediocriatem efle 6n 
guisdebeat^dcjuidemmenluracVporidere.often 
derenonefcRatioetradereJicet. Quippeubitnil 
lumadhucniorbcJumfymptoma.craftatocorpo 
riincidit.huinorisabundaiiaintraljliitaiisinrcnm 
eftfines.Mocrftratumenim nobis & in alijs eft, 
nonpantamincoftam,qux£bitasdirfuir,nccefla 
rfoftatuendameiuVlatrrudinem. Quinmmcquo» 
ctjinonrni ferefcmonenoftro apparet.Qui tenw 
fjmtam,nKdumcprianiram,rehquartimudutica 
none femper ftatuarnui.Quar uero exhuius urra» 
cpfunt partejntempcratas ccfcirnus. Quoduricp 
ric>nlacercmiK,nffiinfaraiarisllaru,niaicris,mirio 
rifcp rarJo inueniraur.Eftenimalia lanitaris,alia 
1 iij morbi 



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mocbiiotanpcoo AWbiquilcmeicjujci no 

(totanpOTtlongtfinicribdl.SaniQnicjMrfm*. 
hMLdefiavraycanuodmi nehkquideinrae»« 
iura^&pacidcrehocCiCjHiiuiUiinuiipcniiKiici, 
qtwdiHca&iKatthibccucfiifficictiioGtcftuuod 
t^fnriCdo»r^marrfei^fo»aliucbefa.Q^. 
lumitf<nirinKrujflumc(lnKiid 1 quodpafcdiG 
(^hnclkncmobic^idquodiiBrd&AeaAia' 
ncmilquamharxtobkianMOTOcftprotoao&T 
ianta»»,cVdiftcpaaon»,o^iatf»6niaiec5fi« 
fttfiaricudo^brne^pjamaeftiiteperiamcobo» 
la,eu fritVrf»iiliiiix j i s ^a i i ieoumoayot»t.N5 
onimbu«niano1ricaalaborac^craalrpaffc<n> 
busriopaucis,dVquibutmm^ua;<kmc*boruni 
drfeoiriplOTrKrnm.dfiufiuiagciur.Nuncre» 
rh»irlimiddiuerriaitomeft:Sicurienimnarura« 
Hdcmopcmiamlbuarxrtenipericm,fauiiiidum 
quod incranrarattswrrBncaeftauaurn^ionadi» 
panmocioinhomine.fcdniimcorpulemiamgi» 
grti^&aofyemcpjidempartrusadr^carriemiie 
roriwhoiib(xaliusaugetJtarurius,uirurnidum& 
fKeumediocriraiiadiM^ueintwleieroet^sJcrau , 
temmhrjminefitnvtKir.necefleefthiiusrarpus 
adipe,cpcamiseopianiagisabudet.Atuero(ic*> 
toraugeatur,(CTuetcpiriedic«iitatealKrac5tiarie« 
tas,minuscritciaialiadipiscpcarnis. Sicirtcdiuer 
foliqnpolletficcu^kcraccwrarietttemedCmo- 

dutn 



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dfifauswt.&gRKiliu&dtirius.coiptsoiadet. 
HaccamediclaliiK.patocpnofoluronemertriK 
tudle qcf fimpliccs m aialiu corporibus MCperics 
babeaiic,fedefiamqucdungulanimmanifeftefint 
iK«a^Necea:rrM)doincalore,frigore,moDitte,& 
ckmtk:ledet3inreuquisomnibus habittnim cor 
portsdiTcrni(ns.Qu.irumclcifs,q[«-exgraciliea» 
tecVorai£aidinelpecnmtirnwxcbarnus,dereli' 
cjats nunc dicamus.Caiida igitur & ficca intcmpc 
rieshirn»cft,iieri5(ainfcmrno.Mediocriteraut 
quaecalida quidem eft ,fedin alrera contrarietatc 
mediocritaiemhabct . Sim£tercVquaeficcac|uide 
cft,fcdincahdo&fr^idomediaeftreperie.Eft 
rneaqi»cpiiKxlicehirra.Nudapiusfuntfngida 
oiatepenrfraiueeanicdiocriterfe habentinhu 
m«ditate,uiieimrrirxuce.Ca;tenimadiurnmugla* 
btacftmgida temperies & humida.Minus Kac, 
quae frigida eft.fed in altcra contrarietate tem » 
perata.AdhtKminus,qua;frWdacft&ficca. 
Quanquam pucet alicjuis ficuc fieri non poteft, 
utirittrraliccahcrbKnafcaiitur.nutrunmr.&in. 
ercinerttumcapiant,ficnecpilimficcacute.Eftau» 
temfecris.Quippcten^utterraficcadicitur.Cus 
ris , ut cutis ; itaque ficcitas.qux m terra eft, rnaxi= 
meunehumcreeft.Qua:uroinhorninis eftcor 
pote,&eiusurni!iimanimaIium,nechumoriseft 
ejpers,&rtia^ornriiuadpiloru generatione eft 
idonea. 



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idoaca&qufaRoilaqoaefiliaatclhmccdbfinc, 

neccmftaris,iie«jrioKreis,k>cuftis,cancris:fcd 
necexrjs.rjuscin aucrnis debtdcunt ,quaks ftint 
{erpetitr>,necc^(quamata(ura,cuiuiriiodi(um 
pifces.oriri pili poflucSunccnimhorunicutcsuc 
re,accp in totum ficcsr ritu tcftsejjd pccrae . Cartew 
rumdhis.qua-motlifuntcut^uthomo.qiianto 
utfcplicaoi-olidiorcpcuusfucrit^antomaoispo 
*teftp^k»gignere.Naittabexeploterra:,qd i illi / p 
potiut,norecedartnis:herlwnecinlkcaSUqualeV 
teadmodumterranalci po(runt,necinhumida & 
lacuitruuentinajmab(umic?perit^dundanahu* 
rnoris^umena(cuiitureterra.AugetiturauternIar 
gius,ubihaxquoqjficceiacn»dicequidemihue 
rccekrrime uero & plurimum ineunte«eftate.Sic 
cantur autem omnino,areradb terra,Eeftaie ta me* 
dia^icetcptibi(uplacec)nuncquocp,iicutimprio 
relibtodcmonftratueft,ueripium,proptereaqcl' 
otempotimsannitemperatumeft^emperaricor 
poiMidaflnnflaKcuu.ponflimumcghuius tem» 
porismedium.Tuinenimtcrraquoqjipla^Tiedio 
cjuodain(latuhumoris,(iccitatifq!eft.Quodaute 
uei^aftarieftproximuinjidiamliccioKmBifto' 
reddidit terramJioc ctiam amplius, atftas mchoa. 
ta,Quamgiturdicocalidam,&ficcamctitemhiic 
maximetnra-ltatuiaffimiles quxabeutefituerr, 
uHineuntea;ftate.Nammediaa:ftateinfummo 
eftficca 



«wGoosk 



eftflceapeimdriittdfofntefloruaiiimaliutegrne 
nouuthcminum,Mum,afitic>rum,equoru,autal« 
teriufcuiufquameorum,qua:pilis ucftiutur . Qua 
rclicutemtcrrxcompararcuoluntjiacmiusqup 
qiKirmcorimarccumijs^uscprius diximus in> 
ucnicm.Ipfiuerofeieexomoiiyniianon anjmabV 
ucrfafaDwJnCccacnim&cabdacutcmuJtojma» 
gnc^r^cipitosdiximus.Nimrrwnudehomi 
ncudanimali pilis pncdtto,non deoftrcis,aut can 
cri3uerbafacicmes.Quippeperornnemcuterndi 
gcritur femper abqutd a calido, quod fecum ctiam 
mtcrmhurnoris nonnihilaiifert,ueruminquibus 
humidacutiscftj&plancmoBis ,qualismodocon 
ax{ccnsca(ais^nhiseorumquxcxcidcrunt,uiae 
rjcrcwemnonmancm,pardDusfciliccteius,quac 
priusdiffidebat,nirfusinrerfeirniris.Atincpiibus 
duraeft,nonabfimilisca(eoiamcoac'to,perfora« 
tur quickm corum quse excut trasfluxii. Cum au* 
temrur(usunTriperiiccitatencqueat,mearusip(bs 
immutatosfenjat. QuictiampcrpcruotransBucn 
ttumicluaffiduemagisfiftulantur.Siigirur quod 
trSsfluit ud halitus uelhumor purus firjialinii cer 
te cefer jninintccB impeditus trifitus eft, humor m 
exilioribus fpirarnentfs nonunqua hzcret . Aliquid 
eriamintrorecurrereadprofundum cogirur.Sin 
udutiwliginofus,crafluf<^merieusuaporfu,fuI> 
inuecontinoitutinanguftis ipirametis impatSus: 
K nccfadlc 



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necfacrlc ruifuni introrcdrat,ri«iucuiri poflrt. 
HuncigUiiraliuirurfumtprofundorubioKfmr, 
prorfirmqjimpellit.rumrruiKruriiisaka^atcpiifi 
alius.Acniubo«mihiciu(hiodiuapoi*s,fuligino 
Cas alium fu(XTaliumimpa<ftos,Ianrxriecoir^!li 
carijforeiingicyraclligt^uiaimgurniodiefflcr» 
rccorpus,qualeeftea,quzforis cemirur fuligo, 
nrficjucKibisiriqiianrurnipiiiarumeft.rhtanrurri 
cuamjxrtraiifiiujarrgiiftiaraibpatimi^iangufta 
prcu^redaclurneitforrram.Vbiauremraltcor 
pus tc«umobibmeritmearumc1rincepsiam uio 
loirericlum,airrnia1xisiuiquibusexirus noacft 
excremcriris,tommihlerim propduW.Adeour 
cureexirecogttur^amloriforrnainadeprurn.Acl 
fuiulcsautcm,quodinrncarudlirnpaifrum,hrr» 
baedtirpisueueludradia'.Quodueroexcirteex< 
raUpfiuetua'ifirpi,fitautemrrigerpiIus,cumdeii 
fto ui caioris uapore,excrementum rri exacTam fu 
ugincm mutaturJlauus uero,cu uapor minus tor» 
retur.Quippequodtumeftimpaclirmftlua:bi» 
lis^niiigraefecderimmexaenierumeft.Aibus 
ueropilusexpitu»ria(citiir.Rurfuslicudcok>ris 
flauialbicpeftmediittJkeiiisgcrnatioexpituito 
fx.bflioEr^frasrncdiaqitadirarura^puenii.Cri 
fpipilifiuntuelpropter ficdtatcm temperamenti 
urfproptrrrnealijjnquoracucau£.EtproptCTCc« 
ritarsg^iide,adeumniid5quoccrigfe,quaeignt 

ptis 



«wGoogle 



bhaiuftofiaaatnr^tquidconjgianminieniinlC 
iccftopu3,cuip(bspilos,ubiigiiipropiujfu«ad 
nioa^pmaxisincorqueriiiidns.AlcpiQquidan 
emnesAetbicipesuucjilpi.Atproptermeatuu 
inqufanraclifanmrriatiira,adriuncrnodurn C5 
aaubtiof;epeinibctiIlioreft,C{)Wrca^m.m)fi 
binKtopoiut.promodoqiioinflcclUjrtummc 
atufuufigunLhtrriurrocxhilaiioiaus ualeseft. 
Sedduriorecutwnatura,rcclafcrrircgkincpro> 
bibfta^IatwikclituKiautcxtrtnlcciis uidereli» 
cct^haUtunwdo^fumu^iedctiarlarnmS ipia" 
cuusfumagiuctatur,diuifarnurrocpucriusinob 
u'qmimagiSkigimrcorporisexhalaoo,ubiprors 
&unagiprohibcnir,obIiquum fibi tranfiru iub cu» 
temolkur.Doneclongiorefpatio coQcdam,ali' 
quideiurgcar, 8drbrasflatuagat.Eltqriambo< 
bus coeuntibus,& prima exhabtionis,qua? mea* 
rufeixi!iin)xalli^,&airis{icduic,obliquias 
piloruradkibuscomingit.Qualcsautcminradi» 
ceflingutaur,ralcsraticoabilccftprrpctuofore. 
Nccpcramdurofnm&nccofumcoipui u iuqtiip 
pia^iiiprius nxjiat ,fingiinrcClripct.Atq»nscc 
qindeeftpiloru gcnerarJo.SequcrttefV.utcaufas 
orriniuvqua:tEpciaineusiriiIcTO»aaatcrcgioe,& 
cnrxmsriaturadffemUr^t^a^camus.Er. 
go AcOTpri^Araba.&hdi.oesdenicjquicali» 
cS&ufereg»neaicolunt^tos,eii^uicpincre 
K t) menti, 



,,Goosk 



maid^icoas,crilpos,&(n^ilap&»hab«nt.Coo 
iraqmhmiudam.fngidamcjjrrgioncm habitant, 
>fynj,Germara',Samiara^&cronisScyacaplaga, 
modice auctiles,& graciles,& roftos, & rufos o* 
pODcm.Quiucro uiter bos temperacum cohinc tra 
(fhtm,hipilospluniiuiiicrrmcci,&robuftiilimo5, 
&rnodicenigros,& iried^c>critercraflos,tumnec 
prcduscnfposaiecc«nnir]OKclosecKit.rJtin3eta« 
ribusadeundem modum tnfanrium quidcm pili 
Gernunis Rorerium xtate, Aethiopibus , Ephe« 
borum ,&puerorum, ijs qutemperatumlocum 
itKokm,inrobore,aaj[Titudine,inagnitudiric,& 
Golore^ad portioncm ie habentjn corporum. quo* 
que naturis ad 3cratum,&regionum ponjoriem pi 
Urerabent.Puerieru'madmodumparuinudi(unt 
p&QuoduacpnecmeatusadhucuDusulisincu 
tecit:necruliginofumexcrcmcntum.UKipimtc5 
aute pubefcere, paruos, & tmbedles extgut^At 
quiiamfloretualeaorcs.&multos &magnos,& 
tngroshabertt.QucJ&fn^entestammeatusijs 
fintfafli.EtruliginoPisextremenris.praficcirate, 
&cakjreabundenLCa3erumpft',quiincapitelu2 
percurjs, & cilrjs habentur , etiam pueris nobis in* 
nai^ritur.SiquideingeneratioiJ5efc,nonquaIis 
herbis,led qualis ftirpibus, prima rationea narura 
conditis.non temperamentum exnecefljtate leque 
ttW^icuiinuonsdeufupattitaiJaramcftmori* 
ftratuns 



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ftntunCu<mmhiquo(pquodquidcm(int,idna< 
turxaruaccrptumt>runt.Quodmgri,rufiue,u*l 
al[OcfjoiiiiCntajJorc,id artjrisinmpcramao om 
ninodcbait.Subruflet]imfetefunr,quoniac|uod 
inmearibuscftimrjac%jm,nondumtotumeitnt* 
gnim.Quippccumhumidnasniuhaut,&tranfi> 
rmbcilis&drulhbimbralla.BoniutToincrrmc 
u,& modiKCrsfli funt ,propter cxcrcmcntorum 
quibusaIuntur,copiam.Quippcipiapancorpo 
nsinquafaint/iccacit.TotamcpGjuaoffracft. 
CutisucTo,qua;illicftcircundata,tancordiqualo 
nuscorporisauccltficcior.quanroniarneitdu. 
rior.Aftmdirtammtumabip.quxcircacerebru 
{unr^tum ucro cx roto corpore,ruliginofi excreme 
rinonparua uis. Quo fit,utquakvrtatcflorenti< 
DUS,totumeftcorpus,riufmodiiaminfamibusfit 
capitis cuas.Eoctt rationabiuus nonnuDi proccdew 
tetcmporccaluiredduntur.Quibusfcihcaapri' 
modurior curiserat. Quippemonitracum prius 
eitferieftcntiumpartesomnes ficcefcere.Fitaute 
cutisncmpaticisuekrdtefbKea,ubifupraiuftufu 
eritficcatajneaueroficutexprioribus conitat ni» 
hilnaicipotefUtao^etiamintenunianuurn.cVin» 
rcma pedum Jemper glabra , & pilorum expcnia 
umUcjcPficciffcus,cienuuWifcHfittcndois,qui 
fubcutehabetur.Quibusautemadfumrnamficci 
cattrn,CMd'scar^8nc»rOTuenit,uribecillihisoni» 
K iij nino 



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. n«io,alblcpplifiuK,quosuu^o,cano«appdl3t. 
irobtrilliqillHf.coucnicnds aimicnu penum ialbi 
imoprofxacaquodabncntumquoaluntur,uc« 
JuuC^cilpinjia^qux^aooconiputruit.Vbi 
cnimmcacus eoamnum manec,CACiciueiictim ue* 
roeiigimmcft^il&jm^cbnguklcacolorcpros 
D<aVnr,n5dilTiniJittTpugcciihiafficiairjamcal» 
uifiumhcimincs.conlWfcum.aliacipitcmagis. 
£anclojiumagBa«eniDoribu«,qiionailrudom« 
ntancapio»paroumcftCcdu^mum.Hau«cu ii ii 
cuMilkc^niKk>^onporauerol»nnidtora(unt. 
Quod in hii mulculimagniiub cute babcanmr. 
Omnitautcm mufculus carnouisfit.Caro.umj 
oflcaumcutt hnrndior.Eft autcmd quoddici» 
tTjmcUigcntcraaendcnclijm^etmpriicicnttsticf 
metipfosfaflamus.StirafeMumiiilrirxip.cjiii 
op[uniuififuramcdici.Quificjuemoluuiri uide 
rin.ftaam buic ficcumefle totius corpctk •em> 
cnaniciitumputantNecpenimfimpliciterita co 
io^opcwiiaiAdpriusiWde&iirepraeftec 
n(Jiumamiccirpu«alr)sax(uab4ipcTtoamitfm. 
petamcntociTe.Ali^.nccrppaijcis inequabiliter 
tftaffaffi.CuecroafeparectibcrneciKxri&iu 
ftofumhuidicces:aI«h^dio«$,aiixiKcibres, 
aKKcaKciiOTes^faijrimteperatt^acTiiedtoae^ 
Pcim>hiikmaxiniccncattcntoscoumit,ubicDr» 
porisrepttieeiTjmarinis.QuippciiKiti»mc^^ 
«quab4iter 



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OKjmbfta-coreMIfit.otmc^ partuitcr fccope 
tctB inbrimdpeJongiMdine, « alrinidinr teruer. 
poturicpxquabtorattepcratucfleidcorpiB.At 
(kuicorporiTboraxcoIKi.&hucrinBiini funt, 
lumbipanii^Dmifticp,&crungradlia atcsucca, 
quomodoid cuxcrisornriibus particulis utmlftcr 
atedunrrQuinlicruracicranaCiit.Silumbi lad. 
ThoKucueroanguftua.ncid quidc oibus pamV 
bmccjuabiutcrcfttcpnatu.SutalBcorpora.qui» 
busnmoraicftaput^quibusparuu^uafcpa 
flcribu5.lJcruraalrjsblc(a,Jiprara.Arti!uquocp 
cMKnaabpgraciIiafiinr^lipcrafla.Etthoraxalr^ 
utclcuimcftjarmaltjsiabulxnnjariguftuj/aios 
Graed «-««AiAut uocant. Vbiueroopertaefia* 
pulaeiDisJiuccame udfcjt plenxrunt&alarurno 
repror^ncirninanturarnedico dufmodinaturae 
Graece imen£Au«, Quantoperehacuntuiciatx 
deperditohispaulo rninus omni intemo Ipaob, 
CfUopulmo,&a>rfaGta,ncrninJIatrtJtirainicra: 
ueroaliaiparticuIamcorporispbnean^Aoesfiit. 
Vbiidanaturalianalogia, ^jrinusrhutero manis 
adinstquaJe iritfpmeeftrnutatu. MinaneigS in 
corporibuskigenus,exumcaparriculac6iecTari» 
dudetotoeft.NecBemm'qm'rrK)rfsex^eniocor 
Mrfad«ere^xttet,umplicBerdeou>usj)nucfit. 
Verurpfiqtiocj ecperieuadpcu.fiquis impcnfc 
hirtocftpe^h>re.Hiuicaudacerniudic3t,uncru> 
ribuseft 



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rfcaj eft bbtaj&bcm . Non nmcn cauiam etiam 
adnriunmecjt cnim cum pcctus habe releoni fim i 
lcdicunt.Crurauerohirco,ianiprimamcauiamin 
u enerunt, Siquid em cur leo quidem audaxjiircus 
uero iafcix fit, ratio euam in ud tigadum exjgit , ha* 
clfrajjeruo^odinrefiericeniiturdixere.Cauiara 
tamcnriusorniiere.Caserumis t quinaturali(pecu 
latione eft exercitatus ,iicuu aliorum omnium , ita 
horumquocpcau(asinueniretentat.Proptcreae= 
nim quod inequali partium temperarneto iunt, n5 
leomodo&hioJS,iedetiamc3Eterorumffetaq3 
ajinnaIimn,idcircoadaIiasaclionesatiudeitpro« 
nurri.AcdehiscruidemAriftcrteiescommodetra 
tfhuibSed quod ad rem propofttam eft utile,id 3 
apparct*Hominum icilicettemperarnenta contyc 
dcrantibus.firigutispartiumperfc examinandas 
cflc.NecftcijithcjiTClWiitlJseft,hljictotumcors 
pmcalidiijs,ficciurcpcxnecdTjta[cpuiandu.Sed 
ph2nrriijji]tncctrcVcajoriiJcile,BocpsjjdW:rjot^ 
icucTo.iliqiiandoeuamhuius ipCusrcioccalione 
aeddere,quo trinus totuiti his corpus fimiliter ab 
dumficamxpiutcfucKifc&cetpajriiTinmcafofu 
(uriumhuc fpirauerit,atqiinambiaucm abierit. 
^^fitciococporiJtemperieseftaaqualBerithts 
ftaimAoras:ipfcuruuerCishtiiTiiniis,uctia;am» 
pbr^rtoir magnse,eatdem maximc.uchcmcnrif 
finiecttrjiii£uites,nipbtrimipmcttumcorpusptU. 
Atcphj 



,,GoosIe 



Auphi^dOTimcap«phiriraiihocm€u,nigri, 
&crifpi.Vucpmprirmattaier*occdciiijcrorim 
p«ccaluia««cipkt.Q^oianoBlhiodiho» 
niirabuscumaxfulittr(umjncmpCTati,&icbb- 
(hjm,&cxa&ckliiiiatum,&nwiculciluintocutn 
03rpuscrit.Tumoai>iiign»,cluri<]r,atcplmfiu 
aor.Adcimdcminocluin^comrariacmniaintbo 
naBmjemaubhmo corpore tcmprries nj. 
geat,idcft ,firrumidiorcs& frioidiores uniucrfc 
cc»pornpartcsimr,trioinquidanangu(tus,& 

flabtrcrit.Sictmctiamtotumcorpuspilu nudu. 
;utisueiornoliis&alba^piKiubrufi,poriiImiu 
miuucnrtrte,m'mfeiKCrutenoncjrucicum,tumi> 
dfcf)ftarim&ignatu,&frgries,addeirt4iampanii» 
uniis,acmim'rrKccmipicuir,&acipofifiutitJdcm 
ricmis^lcubfcpirriecfflis,&ariubus,parum« 
aclerifliniaiis,&blcUi,Atuoitari»pamumtcrn< 
peiiacft.cjtunacarumprcmurKiiredctotoeor» 
portnonlicK^adeutida:ungutefum:rrnriian 
dunx^quoirmpcrarocntoucntricuhis.quopul. 



n fit. Atcpharc qiuckmexlWubuibus no 
fcerida.Cumnecrnanuiirnco(urc(ftaii5e,n«ocu 
!orurnirr/pc'Cjic«inucruiTelcmr>etiemec»urnlit 
SrniulautOTp»»litandus,&corrtrricntiumeapa« 
riumaffetrusen^quarumoratirurn coremaeftcu 
risJ-iareiruwftrareg^cuiatutipteniriera» eft 
L fubiecla» 



«wGoosk 



6bicflimmpMTOminJ(uramprodrt.Qy»n$n« 

lu^quxmnKbbcntcutJcanpcfS.Atinhtiqiae 

n^utfi&(ubmerkJfc(untIocis,quoniScorp<Jiu 
qu*ijhcronmt,(^inaltuadroJndamcaarin» 
(>cus&uiceiitefrigoreeftfugatus.Alterori3incu 
icm^beictrcmocaloKattraciusprodijt.nonlicct 
exeoafiw!tu ) c)ioinattcccrnif^tcrr«5paruaila 
rum temperiei dare difcenji.Quippe corporis ce 
peries mregioriirwa^quaiaampmcreceflcrijt, 
ictjuaKs uiteur.ottmiiskllicct.uitcrnifcspanitus 
adeundem femodu non habcnribus . GaUis enim 
cVGernjams,&c»rmiThraa'o,acScithirogcneri 
frigidaJiurnidacpcurisefUcleocpenammoliis.al' 
ba,&piTfer>uda,C>jrjnisueroriaturalishiscalorin 
ui(ceraunacumfinguineconfugit,ubidumagira 
ror,&premitur& feruet , iracundi,aiidaces, & 
pratdpftis conulfj redduncur.Ethiopibtis uero & 
Arabibus .ornmbus denique fjs,quiad meridiV 
eminccaunt,naniracutisexanibieriasxfru&na 
mraKcaIoreforasa(fto,ufta,dura,lica,&nigra 
reddinir . Toto corpore mruralts quidem catoris 
exigiiam oprinente pombnem .Sed aKeno, atcp 
ad&toiric^cmte.QuippeidquoqucabArilto 
teleii mukis eft nadtcum . Eftque U , G aheri uU 
anendendum,acinfiiigulis corporibus eftiman» 
dum&one &proprio,an afrititio caferc incale* 

ant. 



«wGoosk 



ant.Q^tnmiputrff<unt,onin6i»d(adliocaloiT 
funtcalicU,propTiofrigent . Quimmdunsmplav 
gamincoluntiicBdtitiotAirehirtcilidi^proprio 
rrigidi.Iam apudnos quoque nKunbatohfe 
mrrftubrriorjKllckmusniinor.Aeffatccontra 
adlatinus mator,naamb mmor.Otnrxananai 
harcdefiniat opurret,qui RActtmpcranxntum 
cftcogniiirrus.Ncqutaioriornniiioiicutisni" 
grioraopara,iamtotu»honiocalidioceft.Scdfi 
itaeft ,C3Mcris omnibuiurnili modo fe habenti» 
bus.Srqufdcmfiakerin fale ueriatus dJUfJua eft, 
Aberinuinbra^iugriorJiukalbidiorcuBierit. 
Verumboc adtodus temperamenri aheracioncm 
riinilracft.IpGnariquccutisfub folcdiuuus habw 
oiccior,inunibra,hurmdioreuadet.Nonta» 
men naturalis temperies, ucliocinoris, ud cor» 
dis ,uel akerius cujufquam irifceris ,ftatim mu» 
ttbsW.Opanurn igitur fucrit .ticuri prius eft 
dtfrum , cutufque Korfum parucube tempera » 
mcnri notas cornparafle. Verbt graria uentri» 
culi.Gisbene concoquit cjuod temperatus fit. 
Smi»nbaieeoncoquitjinremperatus,linicloro» 
Ibs^mrncfeediriwfrus^uodigneusiheoca* 
lorfit.Sinaddos.nnbcciDus&inTirnius.Snnili 
rncKlo,fiqm'bubi4am,&ornniaqu3rconcoclu 
chfticilia Umt: concoquunt, quod eorum calor 
iinodiaisfu.SiquiliKCorjcocrucrenoualet.fed 
L ij laxaules 



iijiiinaoyGoOgle 



(ajatfepilccs.&taaaconcocjiiiint.mhmire.Vi* 
dttKhmaiitemhisnirumvTumttirrialiniiusqui 
jhnn^fmn fl " a 'i"' l r a * l "^ m d'*)""| l< ""' uen» 
meuIoacddat-Aupeiitfnexapitepituita^ujsfla 
uaexiecijoieb&,muenricuuimccmfluit.Raru 
tame hoccenaE &paudu%nBConcngetcAlc6< 
phaibmacapiedeilmpnuia.Atcpidmaxune 
Romae,aclocis perindehumidis.Ca«enj &quod 
ratoacdditcc^yderandi^Mcppro&perfluo 
habendum^negl^endimSiquidemipfcuico, 
quaSuTdam pcrcp puukofis homiafaaiitaokani 
tamcnmuecsacutocolligiflauambfan.auamca 
anteciximat«iauinoueepc«o^uonieredebuiC> 
lent/iquidcttJcrmnpriuscfuonxiCTjguftaflent, 
&boscc«iumpeKR,&caeke<Uerenc.Cumhos 
qutdamnaturabffiofo» efle tw d et c nt . Qatqnam 
eflemtc«cc«rKiienic4ts,&candidi,&glabn,& 
adipofl,&uetas^mulcuuspai5conrpicuis,prae 
tcreaexangues^ectangentibusadmcitac^di. 
V di &qui bflon nuncjuocnuerunt.qui tamen & 
gradK&hitfuti,&n»acufc>^&iiigii,&iienofi 
iuo»nt^>ffatimq)cau'di^qiiistangei«,uideban< 
rur.CuiufmodihabimEudcmusphilofopliUJ e* 
lat. Sedinddahocfc«>(p«3ifatioqiKedamanato 
niica ideu^quacadeorporum cUfcclionem pew 
tuiet,ajiamai^medicorunvgnoiantes,ei;fyn»« 
ptomatiimduIon3nua,magno p cic a »gu«ur,cC 
parum 



«wGoosk 



pariimimdHgunt meatumiTIum.per quemtecur 
McmmucntDcuuim euomi.alrtigemrrium eflr, 
atijsumcum,ldcjucx3inqindrupccum driTecub» 
nilxuuicicrclicct^Acplurimurnquideiiiunicusis 
en\ii id rntrftmurn quod pylorijdeft, cxinu fun 
diucotm , cViduni mcdium cft .infcrrus . Grstd 
mcdiumid ^^V^^»,qtuGquiddaincijencre 
cmnunuo<anLVdfigcminusmeatusiic,inecpby 
fin tlrammator iriierrajr.rTunoruifundurmiemri» 
arhpaublurjapyfotmUriuaiit^iedtamcmpau» 
cifllmis/up«rica:parsrrBior^fcric*mirc«.Ca^c 
nimquibmeftniajci,hismi>nitrrma^joudjen6 
cnguumbiuscft^ditur.Quam &euomantanre 
cibos oportct, & nifi id fadanrjardurur. Quibus 
auumuracuseftcnnii]omeams,hisrraMisco» 
flukmidutaum.QuanamigiWradoncdreriofce 
rcrjosrtcebic?Necjtenim diflecandos cflcuiuos 
CEu(co,pnmum ccrte rotrus corpons tempcramcn 
t o, uri i tfi pauio fupra cit propofirum.Deiiiderjs 
cfuarmfraertcrrnuntur.Eudcmmcr^biUo&me 
ra,perpcmoprxlrcEe>xeirjcbat:utporc,cniimui 
omcoiegiWan.amBniMmfupenOTcmuciv 
BcpenjcnkReVquB^icracacV piruttorb erant 
corpcmshaiMa^cVbjOTUomeban£,rushaudt)ua 
CpeiatahrmbilioliQuippccum&miraniumBa 
uarb&grgncrair,&ctusplunrmpcrmoihiupe< 
CKirejrnucntremrxruetrieiit^TeniumncMargcniu 
L uj j inipfis 



,,GoosIe 



inipuseftuacuaris.NamcfjibusinuerxreblicM 
fimirscmnomimgigiutur^dpomuircKmpnr» 
fert^AtqaibusatiodnoredefcoKiyiisudplaoe 
ffeuum eft,udomnino fakcmpallidura P i ar ttrea 
quibusinetriauobiu'siIUgignitur,cjiixporrico 
lorem irniiarur,debct omnino bis abtis firifie , non 
paras,nc«(uilhcaro,iirnikueau'quidir^necefla« 
rioaHqw'd,quodllscalickusmit ) KCjiidboiunjc» 
ci QuibusauKmexiocinoretnuentrern drnuxit, 
hisflauaca,paSidaueeiiomitur,ern{iboniimpri« 
misficerfuit.quodfiimpfcruiit , Eriam fiad fum» 
mumfuitcorK^xftum.uiioueromaguip£isquiad 
unguemcancoxerunt,flauauomuntut . Atqj etii 
magishisquidiutiusciboabfttnuenint-Qusrue 
robilispccrumrete,rjsfoh'sg^niturinuennv 
qtiiuticp eoncoxerunt ma!e. Quiiirtiamfollicitu' 
do,ira,dolor,labor ) exrrcfatio,uir^'a,abftinrnria, 
& inedia,(iieci flauae bilis plus aeeruat. Propterea 
quod pluseius fticriiniocmoregignum.Suritigx' 
rum hieccertainclicia,tumadh3rc,quoubi{icciirn 
c^ignepuenrricoK calorem,coucrlio ad biliofum 
iec^iuir I panis,cV:uu[]a,&btibubcaro,commodi« 
us tp urxatiles puces conaiqucntur.Cumfiexiecic 
uorebilisaftluat .excomeftorummutatione nut« 
l.ileciituraiitconcoctionts diuer(iras.Atcphfsqui 
.Icmdifcenim4r,quodnonremperaineoii,(cdalto 
riuscuiufquamgrariaproumit.Adeundemmo» 



«wGoosk 



Ainrfldenuema capite inucntrem pitoia acfdi 
■Whacai&eft ,ccauetiictutnffiratioe hicquoqi 
■ uetris propnoaflrciiuluncciifccrniTcEquiruc 
ro&apiriscUurcsexproprianedwintcrnpe» 
rie,anpropcet ucntris aVqua oornmi incicfam 
difceroendr Iam ccrcbrum iplum euius fit tcmpe 
ramei«i,perfeeicimarceft larius.cjjcx corporis 
sotius affeeluJpfius autem per fe confvderauo, ex 
caniae,catarris, cuiC,difnlIatione ,&ialiua copia 
snirur.Qurppequa:on^idfrigidius,humidiuf» 
cpefie dcictam.AtcpksanipIiusficxletucjuali* 
betoccauotie.inhosdeuenitafFeftas.Atcaluitics 
ex&dtateproucraNigrotuaut&fmjuetitiupi 
loru prouentus, cqualis lncerebrotcmperamcn» 
orMtaeftErgoadhuncirmdumcfctemperamen» 
osaieundanobis cafyderatioeft. Quanqj {dicet 
particula ieorfumpropeaciiribus.necauusexuna 
prorunc^edeoninirW.Quoduticttuonullifece 
runt,quireumos Jiuidos^tducos, ficcos eile db» 
rut.fitquibusparuiliintoculificcos.Qiiifausniat 
gnihunudos. Atcfjdrhocquide paruintcrrosco 
ucnit.Alrjnancp corum,qui fcilicethumidis parri 
nilisoculosadnuma-Jt,ubicasmaioresuida,iiis 
lnuatoteteperaineapoBereextftiinat. Alfjcaloris 
ueheraeu^o^ipriaformanoefurluccxenimagts 
copioCorcpfereb^nciailosmo.ueruetaosipiu 
etrdicjuccsoeameatasapuorcsfac^cisaiti.iunMi 
dttatis 



,,Goosk 



rJnamid/cdcafaruinAciumelTe.Vcrumamboa 
iKritatcabnTanc^momodo,«xpc5muni,quod 
tiniusparuculacoccaGoneclrtoto corporepronu 
ciarrluraau£Meroqcr'iorrratrfcisiriiiaturauii» 
lutis.quarOTifcxfoculasc/t.&parricuIasfccundu 
aniinimoreseHuigit.parummeiiiineninc.Dehae 
nancp Ariib3teinch]biauh:nunquiddiuinioris 
originis ftt^tqj acalick>/ngidoJn]mido,cV ffcco, 
rcsdiucrfa^juomihininusrrftt facereuidmtur, 
qtuumtrmcrcckrclxunu)arnitpronuiKiant t & 
iolis cpatedbu» fa i ua n da iurn partium catdacn 
aingnant.Rariomhilc tnimcft ,harc organa cflfc, 
fonrutcronaiiu.Scd&atratamarcKa»crLucfrio 
ncs,inumircbOT,ficutoftcndirrms^iuniiciim,iico 
c^n/tigidain,alKiairK^ianpcricin.Errantigttur 
quipropnpimiiaTsncgicctis.adcaqiiailongcpo 
iita iurjt, & iriagriarquajitiorufucruMtcBacl hunc 
ufcndiem optimis philoibphorum d ibitara tunc 
«nuenuntur.Necxeiumrmptrrraqucdrjueri 
riausmagisiumix<iniis,ntancesanateiriagead<> 
unois>ktrcorarjcaabire eftreumcsctrnneshiinvi 
ctetcmfrtc^ckiiKcisfccos^edfinipotcftjjifor 
marridsuirtuusduihiocrioriusirt.rxinusqltcrri» 
rxninirr*iQucidGiau p craueiiaefttCTa,a«ceT 
teciusqucdinmlotancumhabetur,noneiusqcV' 
intotooan^reiBtatuerit.Quawn^raffldVprae 
dicant ,in fiocb namra taiifxrairirjitisiiafamacu» 
tum.ooi* 



,,GoosIe 



tum ) oculosano«,tcmpocaa>lBp(a,Qiod(cili I 
cctmaHcaibusj)s J qusccoiporaliquaiu, 1 itcjifu5 
pracppareftjiiuiiiuntJiaeccotingSt.^arpcnancp 
ficaccidirfcpe non ita . Sed uiderc licet torius co» 
porishabilum,&moUem,&pir£UCTn,&album, 
& camotum.cum tamcn oculi lunt parui,& naius 
acutus.Rurluslicaim,mat!lcntum,iiigrum,&hir 
iutum.ubimagniluiitocuU.&naJusrclinHis.pra;» 
ftaigitui^k|iiidcdi'foIoaguurnafo,utcxcorcfe 
mo,hurruditatcm,exeo aduncofedratcm conie« 
firs.Nec de totni» anrmantis temperie cx his par» 
tkulis pronuncics Pari modooculorum,& altcnV 
uscuiuflibct parris proprium ternperamenrum 
cxproprrpirWicfpcftimarecftfauus.Ergode 
totius corports temperir non mficabuna qua» 
piam pardcula iudicium lumirur.Cum fiue humo 
nsuinttricis,fiuecaIoris,fiueetiamainborirm,ce» 
fiosoculos indicium ftamereoportet.uticppro* 
pnpplc)rumiK,nonommumtotiiJscorporis par 
uum^cmperanxiiriciocumentuenjnt.^^eriim 
fidura&mamcruraura.omriimjilceumeftto» 
uuscoiporisterimcramemiriri^Aiijnancpaffatim 
camc4&pmgues,&aafl!,&promrrieriuueritrc, 
&n»fc,&cai)dicliciiamcurnciufnioclicriiribus 
cerriumur.Verum fitorius corporis teperies , pa» 
riraucmefeliabeat,(kdomninofum,quibusma« 
crafumaura.HijmicK,qiiil)ijsaanLpjrmerraqui 
M'.' busacu» 



,GoogIe 



faus'iicutuscftiufus,autaduncui.HiGca',quibus 
rdunushumidi.Adcuiv*?inodudeoaiUs,tempo 
nbus.cMcmdenicpomnibuspaniculis.iudicaiw 
dum QuuSusimpariempenrnanumeii^KCom 
niumparticularuidcm^ienuatationeeft,exuni>> 
casparucul*riatura,deomriibus frntnHferre.Por 
rOHlcquippiampltmmiseorumimpofuit.dino 
dchominumir»do,ledcriam Jiorum animakum 
touuscorporistepctanieto.exindicijs.cpiatmcu* 
totamumipeflarf^udiaumfoetoaufi.Necp 
ennnfiduraaiuseft.necelTanbficcueftanirras. 
Seduerirjottft,u«antiOTcuusficfear?ecTa.Secl 
«cGnigrahaxhmaueeft.Simffiiric<k^finK>l 
lisliax,depdBiieeftrKarildumEiriecrJlicaretou; 
eft ammalVaurn fiper iwumsKjuabilmr eft at» 
omiperatum,ratioeft,irtc|uatoiicuti!,taiisfir&i 
rdiquarumparuum imaquacque. Sin rnequiUter, 
iionfam.Quippeeftrearumtonimcocpushuirii 
dWuTiumeit^oitijipfafiaiiBiraJ^enimrisrjua 
tegur>{tei^cuiufinc^eftnorna^.AtctthuK 
Sis Griece nomen «»«cwA<#« enim nomimnrur 
cmuaciufmc^dianimantH.proptereaquodcutis 
i^offr»c».i.refl»»d(irruusj5m^ofbataJdelV 
qua! rrK^r^integurKur.uriuumannar-locufta! 
«carrrari.&cancri.cutenicjrddemrutoCciam, 
rriquamuniueriam (mrxrfcmhurnidnn Jmmo 
um3iliidipi^hurr>jii«jd«mc»riTer>ornciriqul 



,,Goosle 



animalibuscaufadt,<]uodfi«ani ,tcrrerarr/por> 

tionemiiaturahisuniuerfamdKacutmiTiponiii 

Noncft^gnuiputanduni.necquodcutis oftreis 

ficcacft, fliicocarncqiioqj efle ficcam .Necquod 

h3rcpr**umvcla^iKro&cpeft,iamajamcjuocB 

fWBTKKUclTcXJuippcrquuinfftqumKjparticu 

lamcxfcip&d^iMfciiigoiuifiisppccayjquicS 

ni&aricBdcteperameteimbisrdiqucrut^quocl 

idanioh^Hn>pocmesrrrfMrWaclmc«^ 

it.^cclandudfeexquibus.inqusmuoiioesfui 

fac^Rtcniw)ntaro,utprarfcnsriotapn'omtcpc 

ramai!it,nociusquCKlincmporcnuchabcar,uc. 

luufiquisarmosnatus fexagintadenfb pibfir,no 

quodcaIidus& ficcus nuncfit,iedquodantetaus 

fu^ccnfiifamautemeipriusgeiuupiltAdeun 

doaunodum, qno berlxe.quauiere iurrtenacE, 

nonunquamr^eueratasn^.JUtfsenrmipactb 

&paulaii,cckrgitapluruiUararatatemutariXabe 

t*us(al»Mprenimi'atotatepil's,attjsaViitiffiiie 

pWpermanetuoqjquincct^pcciSiteporisadmo» 

cBficcat,dapiwualetehat«emtorigrneJ\r^^ 

ritu,quaruracrmirerraua!c:erc6prehe^erut.Ca 

uE^fiqueadmochimpilo4muideas,h5cftat! 

™<fichc*cuputes.c^ltquiclcfloretadhucams, 

noitcEeffetataSrfladecIrnayii^^ 

nttAtfifenexeft,ri5iti;Fiiimnanc^mdacholica 

•eperamenta.exfangumtsa ' 



,,GoosIe 



tiindpit.ironftaiimeftpexcrxSiB ,uerum hntus 
a)»de > qui<^duscYficcweft > ceIeritererit.Siirio 
cloconim^pxpiopo&afiinvneniMiius.No 
ilJconidaacaDiiais.Qu^pecudsde^as.cnino 
rumewrenxnDnim tranfaumm i ioraisin tema 
penmentis.qirarcakdatn fimano fiint,comburi 
eaccgit.Itant,tsttakrjsntaKute]ta*enKOlu > qd' 
piloscreat,quakotonprocedCTite temporeinuw 
fij&nguuii«eft(iiturum.Ta(iax:igitonBf6pri« 
oribusiW.TurapraOThaxcjJodexriaiura e» 
cre nKntorum.indefiri«ede rempenanenus pro» 
nuncunt.PutantOTmparticukruratrmpCTirm^i 
mikmellecumexaememorunaruculdueroufcp 
quacpuerumnoncftSedhWsatertm poteft.ut 
pimito6cwrmieritacoffigaiitur,nccuniaifnimi» 
ch&partiajla > irjrnoft^idaornriirK>:humidauee 
rononc«ririuirxQuippecumficcanic(ucKpetIeIi 
ceat.QuodautemeisimpoiW,(adfeariini>ciuer« 
rinir.iSbnenimnciruncquodexdbis > rir«|uaquam 
cx ipfc corporc noftro.pituita fir.Quare ntUmi< 
rirlr,(TiJjiinj^th)sctos(c(uirnimictfoitaiicnas 
tiMUntirionuiridtJiVriileijs, rpfirm cjuocp excres 
mentumcrcec ^Keftrgiturcjuodopiiier» ,tancp 
corpus licaimr^iridem txrrtmcnruiiiquocii eli 
fciiccurruEteriiinfiquwabmitfotiiciort.iTi^o 
rtcxtnrjperaineto ftanmfiiit.istion rnelaricholi* 
cus eft,frdun'cf abraiwnattis pnuitofiis,Quod 

ficx 



«wGoosk 



ficxJiabtrusmutan'OTe,&igidus,fkcufcpeftreddi'» 
tus^KOtffiriohk talis iam etiam mrlancholicus eft 
uerbigratia,Siquisantecaliduscx:ficcus,ex(angui 
ncurendoplurima generauitatrambile.Eftenim 
is prxterquam quod liccus eft & rngidus , proti» 
nusetiam melaiichoucus.Sinaprincipio frigidus 
cMccus fWt.Habitusquidecorporis erusalbus, 
mollis,depilB > uenis,arrjcuEfcpparum cxpreflis, 
gradlis,cV tarigendfngidus,animusueromininie 
audax,&timens,&triftis,nontameiirxcrementa 
huic melancholica lunt. In hts igrtur omnibus pec* 
cant plericp mediconimex eo quodpropnas no* 
tasre(puurK,atcpadeaqusenonperpetuo,fedfre 
quenter acddunt , conuertuntur . Bufdcm erroris 
CKcafione,&quodexcalfacit,idcn'amficcareomni 
noputat,HocemmueIua'corom'defummacBuni 
uerCiermonisaddito/ecuiidumiamlibrumfintfe 
fhttm.C^ppepHegmcmeobfeilasparrescauda 
pcrfurKientejaqua.atcBtrauacuariabfp hurr.ore 
cernemes,chreincbauumarbirraiitur,fica'tat?om 
ninocak>riluccederr.NrcBidmodotibicumficd 
ttteis,umimerismubicumhuiiioreeftcor»un« 
ctiB.CaMerum non cftideuduacuafleabaliquo 
humorem,quilcKKquibufa^fudilper(us,iid < p 
priamparbculxalicuiiistempcciemHcdotfredcli» 
cUfleS^uldcminequalisquxdamtahis^uarphle 
gmone toborjnt parabus^ntempcnVs eftJimiUris 
M if) bu» 



,,Goosk 



bus feScrt corporibiB a proprio temperamento 

nondum amotis.fedaffidueadhucin mutaiione 

atcpahcranorKUerlatis.omnibus rrimirum inter» 

pofio'sintereasfpac>olis,fluxionerefmis.Quaecu 

cpigimrcalidahuniidacpiiatura(urit,cumficaffea 

£hs admouentiuypfaquidem fiiperuacaneaqua: 

mediaumibrium Ipa cia occuparunt,euocant.Cor 

porataineiiip(atantumabeft,utficcet, utctiamil* 

lis bumorem adtjciant. Ac ipliquidem uerirasita 

fchabct.Dernonftratiotamen euidcns dictisre» 

quiritur . Verum eam cum & longiorem exifri* 

mem,cputhuiclibrouiferatur,&aucutoremdery 

derer^uimedicamentorum iacultatisutnonigna 

rus,inpraefcns dirTero.Cactcrumiibiintcrtio li< 

brodeomni temperamentommgenere traclaue» 

to,acderp,quxpoteftatecau'da^gidaJ)umida, 

ficcacpjuntomnem methodumindicauero,mox 

integrumlibcllum fcnberedeinequaliintempcrit 

decretri. Quippe flabfolucturanobis 

uniuerla de temperamentis 

difcepcatio.admedendi 

methodum non paru 

adferet commodi 



Gafcnidetcmpcramentis.TIiomaLinacrs 
Angfo (raerprete, Ltbrffrauidt, flns. 



«wGoogle 




GALENI DB TEMPERAMEN 
(fc,ThomaLinaaoAnglo8ittrpiac 

Libertertiiis, 

|Cquodenergia,fiue»9u cali» 
Jdonim,fr^idomm,humidori7, 
l&ficcorum unuqaodcp taleef 
lfcdica£,adqcVfumahabcteiuf 
|modiqualirate,uelqcr'uincitrn 
leoidgcnus qualitatum aliqua, 
udquodadcognatigeiKrisme 
tlioereauquid.ucl ad unumquodlibetanobis fit 
collatum,priiiseftttacu'tum,Mbnftratumpra5«' 
terea eft quemadmodum caquis agnofcere exa» 
<SepofEt.Reliquumcft,utdcfjs,qua:taua potc* 
ftate funt dffieramus , fi tamen prius cxplicueri* 
mus,quidipfopotcftatisnoniitieugnincetur.Eft 
aurembreuiscfus&fadlliina,& daraexplicario' 
Quippequod quale dicitur,tale nondum eft , fed 
pottajeefle,idhoccfie poreftate didmus.Komie 
uetbigraria,qtrim5natu.sfuit,r5nale,&aueuolarl 
le.&catieuoiaticUj&ccpuceleie.SalicetqcKeorii 
tmuqucKicBfoturiiomrurKief^finMfdexrrfrrie 
ajsirxcliat,Wceui3idfJt,appcllates.Vnarbitror 
Imefleporefbte,noacTndia'mus,pcrfe(Sunacp 
eft.aci5pra£ns,lpfaencigia,fruequodaiSucft. 
Qupduerorx>teftateeft,imptTfc$um,&ac)hiic 
<iituniri^atc^wfiatqvriclen)idquoddicnur,ue» 
luuhab.' 



,Goosle. 



lutihab9r,none»tien adhuc lubSftcns. Sfquidem 
ncciru"ansrarionalisiameft/edtalisfuiurBS,Nec 
quin»doaxuriiseftcarus,ue!iator,quifdlicecad« 
huctKmuickatJedquwJueOTqucatfiadiufturn 
pcrueniatincKmcntun^ficnominatur.Acniaia» 
me quidcm ,pprie fblaea poteftate effe chcimus, 
inquibusnaturaipfafuorjtcimpetuadabfdurio» 
nemuetttVocpdnihildexinnfcusmpeclunen. 
tofir.Prxterea quarcuncp fientiumfutficdicamj 
conriiiemcsmaterixfunt. Necrcferrcontinentes, 
anconuenientcs ,anproprias dicas . Quippecum 
cxomc«busiudicetur^ucdprc^inquuclt,ciuod 
cpnecaliaintocec)entcniutarioneficdicitur,uetbi 
grariacumfarguincmpoceftatecamem appdlas, 
quoniamminimanimutarionemadcarnisgenera» 
uonemrequirar.Atnonquiinucntricuiohabetur 
concoctus dbus,coniines camis materia eft . Sed 
prius fit fanguis oportet Jongtus eriam abfunt^na 
za Sc panis . Quippequarutcarofiara.ccrtas fia 
mutationesrequirant.Canerumharcquocp om» 
nia,potcft ate caro dicuntur.Eriam antehsrc ignis , 
aer ,aqua,& terra. Etiam horum ipforum commu* 
nis matera. Atqucharcquidcmomniamagis, mi» 
cusue abuliue loqucntibus nobis dkurif . Primus 
autemniocluscoru,qua:poteftateef&aliquid di» 
cuntur,maxtmecft / pprius.Proiarrius huiceft eo» 
rum.quscfunt propinquarmteria.uchirififumif 
damcx» 



dmio(haIatH)nBJiflamiramefle,autbaIitum aeif 
dteritjDidiurpaCeftatecflrj & quodri quod ot 
accicknadicmir,ritexaduerlbpou\i]m,utu'carno 
(iquisiuuenis mfrigidalauarx>nrm,corpus eius 
exacddaw^ionaipiopriaDotelhtccakiaccrccU 
tat.&goiotmodiscnainpotcltaKcaIida,frigida, 
hurnida,cVfictadicaiturX)ubitabiturquoc{inon 
abrurde,curCaftoreum,uclEuphorbaim,uclPy 
rethrum,uel Smnbiotyicl Ninrum.ucl Mify, calu 
daefledkamus .Rurfus latfucam,url ckutam, uel 
tnandragoram^idfalamandnun > uelpapauer,(ri< 
gida.Vtrumne(ubpra;dictisiammodlscompre 
hendantur.anabaquapiam ratioiKdicantur , qrne 
diclaiK)ndumfit,Bitumenianqj refina,6c fcuu 
&oleuni,cVpix > caUdarx>tefbtefunt,quodutiqt 
energjacalidacelerrimefiant,Etenmcclerrimein>< 
I Ui»ii a iitur.Piaarreaaroo3rpotaDusi»ftriiad 
irwurr^mamfeftrcalefaciunt^Calciri^Mi» 
jy3ynapi,Ntrum,Acoron,Meon,Coftus,&; 
Pyrethnimcum nobisfumadmota.caHdauidcri 
tur.Alumagis.al/amimis.Noniamcfuntidonra, 
quainflammamuertantur.Anigiturfeipfotfat 
lunt,quiid(c4umefrimant.Nunquidaliquan5fa 
dleinflammam tranfinutcntur.qiios utKjmofic 
Sedanr»nucitanturinpmriameiumareoporte>> 
bat.CumfiiprunaignisnonminuSj^flamma. 
HwtanicncUlcrtainc,quodaox,udaemouopi< 
N amin 



«wGoosk 



«m in igne mutato fl3ma,terra , ud terreare aUqua 
accenfa/itpruna.Atcphaifknusquidec3ffnarefe 
cii femra omnmouidet. Sicfndeuidt-ntur rnedica 
mentaea,qus ubi igne amgeritaccedunt^ios cpio 
cjjexcalfacere.nififiquod cpter craffitieintracor 
pusnofaaleafiuminir.Dmeretur enidefjsiatius 
inlibrisdemectcamentomuiribus.QuaKuncpm 
mecHcamenta nofhumcorpmexcalfacereuioent, 
eaprompte uertunf inignc.Atquo^iairiiiqiriut 
tangentibus no icnriunf calida,hoc haud lcio cur di 
ear*,Namfienergia,iamc£calidu^efleprardicK>ru 
quidqj dfceremus^ptecto mirari liceret/Juomodo 
tangctibus no appareant caboa . Nuncquod pofc 
firafacilcca!idaertc,idcircoeapoteftatetaliauoca< 
imis.Itacj!nihilmiri,fieos,qm'letagutriodiiciilefa 
cianc.VeIutietiimixx:ignisipieauget,priuscpui«" 
cfraabeolignaiintmutata,quodaliquo temporis 
fpauooiofit.Itanecanimantiu caloramedicamen 
tis.niiiillapriusabiplblintmutata.Quippealio 
genere calcfit js qui ab igne ud fole itepefdt. Afo 
isquiaprasIicT»ru^iouismedkam«onj.ulanas 
cpacluflutcalida.medicamTOMqiracB.Itacpnec 
cakfacereriosualentpriuscpacTutaliafst.Atqcr' 
a<Sutaliafintjdaiiom'saccipiunt,ueluri(ica'cafc 
miabigne.Ita-uerocVI^naexluaquidemnatu* 
rafrigfdafuntunincria.Sed qtnrficcforafunt, & 
' gwi»,e»fac*nnitantminrgnem,Qua;hurm' 

djof* 



«wGoosk 



eh'cnrum&crafla^padoegentmaic«,Nihiligi» 
turmiri cft.fi mediamcnraqiioquepnrnurnqiii» 
deminpania&tcnuiafraugipoftuiani/ecundo 
loco.uttempore aliquotainediniinimo/nrnori 
noftro quo calida fiant fint adiureSa. Tu uero 
fieancc comminuta.nec prius calefacla, calida 
tamen ficri ccn(es,quidfgmfket,quodpotefta* 
tc calidum dicimus, paruin mihi meminitle ui* 
deris. Sic cnim ca exploras, tanquam cnergia 
finc calida.Sed ncciUudmirum, £quo recaifaci» 
ant,calefieri ipfi prius poftuknt.Cum idem fie 
rf cernatur , & tn kgnorum exemplo . Quippe 
h» uanefeentem,.r«mentcrnqueftamniaintum 
{eruant,tum ueroaugentdum abhac,ipla prius 
calefiunt.Non eft igitur alienum.calorcni.qui 
in animanribus habetur , eiufinodi rncdicameu* 
tis quafi ahmento quodam uri qucmadmodum 
ignis ligno.Quippe iditaquoquc ficricemi* 
rnus.Siueroperfrigeratocorporicorumquod' 
uis quantumuis drligenter commmutum uaper» 
gas,proi£isrnncaleut.Proindequa: refrigeratae 
partes (unt , eas dufinodi medicamentis plurimu 
pcrfricaraus,unacalotiempcrfncando exdrantes, 
una rarum,quod prius frigor e fuit defunveddcn 
tes . Quo fcdket tu inDorTus pharmacu pcnerrct, 
tum naturaK anrnantfj cateri coniuncTum mutc» 
Wr^accalcuaQu^pifljiusfipaticuIaquicpiam 
N fj uelmio 



,,GoosIe 



ucl minima,caIorem energia eondptat, hunc dein* 
deintotum proptcr cotinuitatem porrigat,pcrin 
deacficxpanufcintiDatcctamfummotcnusacccn 
das.Siquidem hanc uniueriam fadle depafdrtrr,™ 
hdo amplius fcintillam rcquircns.Acquidquid 
quidcm potcftate calidum cftjiuk nondurn in na 
tura fua calidum frigido prarpoBet, lcd m proptns 
quocft,utprxpoBcat,adeoutbreixmopcmquo 
uincat cxtr infecus r equirat.Hanc ili modo frifhb 
abundc prarftarepoteft.modouelignjis.uelcor» 
porisalicuiusnaturacalidicontacTus.Noneftigi 
tur tamarduumrationemrcddere,quidcaulie fit, 
curaliaprodnusiitcorpusnoftrumcont^erc,re< 
calfacere id pofTJnt. Aliapoft longiusid efficere 
fpacium. Quippc ex rjs,qux igni appropinquam, 
Alia ftatimaccenduntur.ueluri elychnium.cV te* 
nuis teda,8c pix,& ficcus calamus. Alia niG diuti* 
usfuntadmota,nouuuicumur,ficutuiridclignw. 
IHud podus definiamus ,cuius uticrt demonftratio 
cumdenaturalibuspotctrjs agemus,traderur.Ex 
hypomcfinuncquoojpropoutonrmcaufa,eou» 
tcmur,quatuor nimirum dicentes totius corporis 
proprias facultates cfle. Vnam idoneorum tratSri 
ccm,altcrameorumomnium retentricem,tertiam 
alteratriceni.&quarram quaealienifit fegregatrir. 
ealbemqtfacultates effeclusefle totiusm quouis 
rorr>o«fubstantia;.QuametiamConltarccxcali<i 
dcsnv 

)ijiio,aB,GoosIe 



do.fr^idojhuido.&liccomter lemixtis dicirmis, 
Vbi (girur hxc unaquaclibet earum, quas in fe ha= 
bct quaIitatum,corpus quod Cbi admourtur , de* 
mutat,nccip(amhocca(utotafua(ubftantiacxifti 
mandum eft agere,ncc quod ab ip(a mutatur po(* 
(eria(Irmi1ari.Quareneuncpnutriet,quodiiarnu 
taturneft,idqd'(emurauit. Atfifla mutet,ideft 
totafiialubftaritiaoperetur.uticptumCbiaffinii 
biidquodmutatur.rumabco nutrietur.Neque 
enimaKudnum'tioeft,quam adfimilatioperfecia. 
Quoniamaueemhoc derinitum eft, inderurfus in 
dpiendum.OmiieanirnalcoiTueiumteubi nutriE 
alimentotconueniens autem cuicp alimentumeft. 
quicquidaiTirnilariaxTXJriquc^mittiajr.potcft, 
OfK)netigitvirtcjunurrientisfubftann'a^cumro» 
tanurriti natura communio aliqua , firnditudoque 
fit:prorfus hicquoqjnonparuo exeeflus,dere> 
cTulcpfiibGftente ia ip&clilcrirnine,cumalia ma» 
grs«jrr^uctiu'aJ(imiiiacpfinr,aliaroinus.Proirw 
deetiamaliaconfiaendiopercualentiore.acdiu» 
tiiniiore,aliarairjore,acbreuiore eget:aurumcaro 
mit»re,uaBamaiore,bubulaerahacrnaiore.Vinu 
ueroutafllmilrruropus de(yderatminimu, Quo 
Gt,uttumnutriat^umi«bocetcrlerrirne.Porroid 
quocpinconcoquendiinftrumentis.uentriculo. 
lcKmore.cVuenis.prorlusaliquadintraxeritopor 
«et.QuibuslMcetprarparatum.nutrirecorpusii 
N iq qucat 



,,GoQgIe 



queat.Anteufro£pinhis6ddimtatumfitrinon 
poteft,ut^maliscorporifrtnutriirKrirurn.Ncfi 
per totii diem ,ac rxxScm extrinfccus fiipet corpus 
fitimpofitura.MuItocpminuspanis.uclbeta.uel 
maza,forisimpofitanutriat.AtquxquidcmacIfi» 
milanmr,on]nia nutrimentauoduur Jieliqua om» 
niamedicamenta,eff.porrocVhorum natura dn« 
plot. Qmppeuelcuiufinodrfunc adfunrpta,du£< 
modteu'ampcrriianeritia,m'ncut,corpufqsmutaV 
adeummodum,quoidcibos,atcpriacprorfustii 
ucnenofa,tumnatura animalts corruptririarnedi= 
camenta funt , ud mutationis inirium ab animalis 
corpore confecuta,deineep5 iam purrefcut,ac cor 
rumpuntur.deinde corpus quoqj una corrumput 
acputrefadunt . Sunt autemhax quoq? noxia ue» 
ncna.Eff.his etiamampliustertia mcdicamcma* 
rumrpedes,ec«umnimirurn/]uxa)rpus.recalfa< 
dont quidenynali rame nihil adfcrut . Eft cV quar 
ta eoru fpedes,qu3E & agunt 8c* patmntur aliquid; 
(ed fpatio uincuntur,planecp adiimifantur. Acddir. 
porro his,ut tam medicamcnta fint,cp nurrimcnta. 
Nihil aut miri eft, fi exiguu coiecuta mometurr^ali 

rina»'m3apriorcn3tiiramutationehabct.Cer« 
tur enim dufmodt muha in his , quse extranc* 
funt£iquideineaMyfia,quaeeftA(ia;pars,do' 
mushac aliqtiandorationeconfUgrauit.Eratpnv« 
i'ecli5colambiiiumftecus,cuiiampijracV«calfa. 
facTc 

)ijiio,ao,GoosIe 



<flo,aeiiaporem edentj, & tarrgedribns admodum 
caKdompropincjuofmeitafuerat^tautiamcon 
u'ngerariiisligra,cpixlargenuperillitarrluiafue 
rantMediaigiturseIfae,cumiolplurimusincidi 
fa^Cditmrelira.ruligniHmcaut&lorcsqiBc 
daaltx,cJU2c prope fuerant^feneftixnuperetS 
refirafflite,facikigKconcepeiat^ttCpadteciuufcp 
fumrm'ferat.VbiautexceptalemeIatectoeftnams 
ma.celertamtotamdonnimeftgraflata.Hccai* 
bitrormodoaiunt& Archiroedemholtiumtrirc 
mes urenribus fpeculis incendiuePorro fuccendi* 
turhisprc*iipteJai]a,lttit)a^ychniu/emla.Quic 
quid deniqj ftmilirer his ubarrryarumqj eft. Ham 
maedunt,&lapides atrriti,atcRhocmagis,fiquis 
fuIphurerHos iueuerit. Eiufmodi erat medicametu 
Mcdeae.Qtuppequodquibuseftiu7tii,oiaubiin 
idinridir,cak>raccenclit.C6ftatidexfulphure,& 
humidobirumine.Iamilludceu rc mirandaquida 
oftemauit.Exnrrmlucerna>crurIusmuroadmc*< 
ucns,accendit.AlterIapidi eaadmouit.Fuerataut 
tumurus,tuIapislulpnurecotacti. Quodubi de* 
prehenfum eft,defrjt miru uideri, quod oftentaba 
nir.Etgoorrmiaidgenmmedicamia,pedc(fte s atcp 
adarfumrratkrnecaHdiadbucTiofuiit^pdffiira 
tamenuteaudafiant.Atcjidcircopoteftate cali» 
o^dicuriiiir.Acderpcjuidcmnullaeltdubitatio. 
Sedneccwijiriubil^ualelitercorpuscalefaciai. 
Monftratu. 



,,GoosIe 



Monftta«um«iimfiipiapaulotft,idnooutKjul 
calidummedicamenrum.Imri>out conuemensnu 
irtnenimcakfatCTJ«i>iai.Tan6gcnimignisidoe 
neumaIimeiTmm,igrieipiwnaug«,itaquicquiy 
ODipc«umnaniracauaonimptoprMmcViiatura. 
ktftnumrnentum^clcaftnipCTnon Iblumroboc 
rabit,fedctiamin(irumcoruincaJoremiugcbil.Al 
cnid quidem omnis nutrimerai communis efie> 
c^dhVinoprascrcaseraproprimn.aciuueft 
mmatio«ceiWitas.Iiamicp > utteie,elychnrj > ftup 
p^pidsJamueroabigniseKmpIonondigrefii: 
admcmearrusnjrTumclelignisuiricIibus^quseipia 
quoojigriisnutrtmtmumiuntCaaerumnonfta» 
tim , aut continuo , eoqi fepenumero fgniininTta, 
rK>ntoIiunflainrmmc J ualIiopium,tedetiamfiim» 
betillaeftcVparua,comimpcnda:quocpeiuspe 
rfaiktmaffenintSicprofoico &mammalibusci 
b^quiim'prarfiisad^miinxur,cVa3rpiisnijtnant 
Ipatioegmtjhifrigiisuniuerff.poautquamcalcv 
Rmarferrempra^nuuidentur.CaKenimalefa» 
dumhiqucKp(pat»,ncmfears^reiiquicibi,fiie 
melmcorpusnutriant^mconfecua\Ornneenim 
iiuuai)MittJiiiJuatetiusnuiiimcniumeit,aiHiiMi* 
Kscaloremauget.Atfidcuorrturqviidcmutmari 
mentvmi,nectameniurxretur,ideritquodHyp« 
pocratts di)M,i>ominequidem nutrimerirum.re 
aijtemmimme.Quippccumtriiariamnutrirnen» 
tumdica» 



,,Goosk 



ttnndlcatur,Gcutfp(edocufth&uabis.Num'iwn 
liimeft,&qucidnurrit,&quodueluti nutnmen» 
tumeft,&quodfuturumnutrimeiumcft,quod 
utiqj iam nutrit,& rorjxsi adiungitur,nee ampli* 
mrutunimcft^dproprfcnutrimcntum nomina» 
tur Jdon uero & corpus qcV nutrit,excalfacit , qcF 
reHcjuorutn neutrum facit.Quodfcilicetproprie 
nutrimcnta non GntSed altrrum eomm uduri nu» 
trimerjturn,altcrumtaIcfutururn.Proindcriccui< 
num ipfijm temper aniVnal catefaa't,3crjue,ut ntc 
oleumnamtnamaccrnclit,tameniapti(Iimum cft 
IgnisnutriirimtuImirttfiimbecilk&exiEuefiam 
rrajCcmferttm multumoleum infundas ,Tuffoca* 
txsea,prortufcji extingues,potiuscpaugebis.Sic 
igiturcViiinurr^ubipIusbtbitiir.cpijtuir.ciponit, 
tantumabcft,utanmialcaIefadat,metiamfrigidio 
ra uin'agigiiat.QuippeapopIexise,& parapiegiar, 
&quxGra;cecaros,&comatauocamus,&ner» 
uorumrefoluno,&conuuak3coiiuuI)ioiies,cViiv 
taniytmmcdicumuimpc^umcomitatTtur.Quoru 
unumquodcR tngWumeftuiuu,generati'menim 
quaecuncti afiumpra in corpus,ut nutrimentum ca 
lcfaciunt.harc inrerim frigefacere deprehendas. 
Eque icilicet, ut flammam ab eadem materia , non 
augeri modo,ueru etiam aliquando extingui. Atcji 
haxquidemorrmia,tumn8,qua?deelernetis,tuijs 
«juasdc temperaraenris luntprodita ccmentiunt. 
O Ifludfor» 



,,Goosk 



Budfott^diBbiiareuKlrf>iturjtjiodnfip,qai 
utnummn«umcortieduraur,aUquacuriimpc>iia, 
hIcerod5t,atcpexulctr3LSicut(mapi,inuria,allia > 
eepe.VenlhocqucKpcupcrfitisaprincipiohypo 
the(u>usconcordat.Etcnimpropterea^d' tumin 
uentreconccKfb,tuinueni»infinguine uerfarriu* 
tam^lteranturcp,prartereaqd'unolocon5penra 
net:fedinmuhaspanesdiui(a,vindequacpfouni, 
adde&cjc?i>5fciKimulrisfuccisniifcenf,fcdetii 
(^is.cuquirjusiumuntur^dharcqcVceleriter co* 
tu&corKofto,&partiuleparauoperficS,taut 
quwlc5ueiiiensineise(Tad0mflet,quod(upenia 
caneum&acre^»aluumurinas,ctfudoreexcer 
nafcpropterhaecinqj.piaqd' forisimpofiru enil* 
arat^dcomeftun6exulcerat,Qu3uisfiuelununi 
quodfibrt horum accederet.fatis efletadcaqux 
foris funt integta feruanda,uerbi caufa mutatio 
ip(a.Sinanquenonmaneafunapi,quale extrinfc 
cus fuit,cum eft adfumprum ,mani(eftum eft, 
necutmeiusniajierecmfendum,Quodiittnidi> 
rimuntureics partes,tum purgantur, muhouricp 
magis fic ccnfcndurn . bm firis crat quodnec eo» 
demlorimanet.Cumneccireacutimaliquidcffi» 
cerepofleuideatur,ni(i diutius immoretur.Sed 
nremixttoipfa aim mukiscibis parum momenti 
habet.Si enimid citraalium cibumfoiu affiimas, 
facOe inteHiges quantum moleftiae, & rofionis 
uemria 



«wGoosk 



uoittjculo 6t albturuni . Qyin etiani,G pknimo 
duld admiaum fucco,cuu idimponas, quam 
ndil adferat incommodi.Cum igiturptardiclo» 
nan unuraquodlibet per (e ,faris prohiberepo& 
fit,quominusfitBpi, quod foris facir.idem fa» 
cere ihtus poffr .niuboarbi[rormagis,ubimuJ" 
ta umul coierint. Nam & coqucndo alteratur, 
& expurgatur , Sc" cummultis alijs mifcetur,& 
uarie diftri>uitur,&in omnem partem ferair, 
uec in ulla moratur. Quod autem li acrimoni» 
amfuamferuaret,interraquc«]uec>mnnoexuU 
ceraret,cx rjs,quae fponte.accidunt ulceribrc, 
inceliigas.Gigimur enim no raro alrjs ex uirioib 
cibo,a[rjsex quapDm inipfb corporecotrupte* 
b, cVputredine^uirioius fuccus , quam cacochy* 
rnun uocaot. Iis aliquando interiorum quoque 
abquidexulceratur. Magnatamenexparte,cu> 
ris quoniam in hanc excremenraquxin habitum 
corporiscolligunrur,riaturaexpeUit,multis&a& 
iiduis ulceribus afficitur . Quppe cancri pha» 
gedene.herpetes crodemes ,caibuncu!i, & qui 
chjTomia, & Celephia uocantur , miQeque sltx 
ufcerum generariones,ab riufmodi cacochymia 
nafcunrur.NecpigiturtaliuraquiccpeftdubitaiM 
dum.Sedneocur medicamentorumncnnulIa,cu 
nMiioscxmfecnscfferxIur.inrroafTumpiainag 
O rj nuuiaffcrant 



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numafFerant mafam. AKquarurfusiritro airurrw 
pta^ioraumcpkdaM,iminuric|icorfmt.Ahqua 
nonlbluminiroafliimpa.fcdctiamoannfccusap 
plicitac#endaiit.(^ippemfemddicam,irmUfo 
ris,intufcBparemagendifacukaremhabekNec^ 
mimauluipCTCualfnunvuirabidrcanisfpuma, 
auc afpidu ufni3,quz tamen (icxirinfecus corpori 
oxxumnt^orlcnderecRduntu^paremuimkabet, 
uclfolicmiappkna,uelintroaffuriTfxa.Scdiiecil 
lud eft rrrriandumji caterorum mfdicjnn m oi u m 
uis^profurKhmirwnpenienit.Necperamn» 
cefleeft,utorrinfaparemriabcaMiurrL Qiodfiex 
ris^Kiarmtrofumurmirrionpaucaxcrrotcmpoec, 
&ccrtaciuanritai£,&Mmrixura,cumca!tcrisaccc 
pta,conferiint.lntmipc(liucnitcm&largius,ncc 
cmnalrpadmixrabediirK.rieidqmcVmdubitatio 
ntmuUamdilpurarioriipariat^iquiclemidmmoba 
bts,tum ignujtum ueto omnifaus , ut fic dKaniCjtflt 
corponoccurrunt,accidctTfoW.Nam&rncdio» 
oinobuifUn¥TanonnuncpopuJcft,cafcj)ufi,p)u 
rimumcxeaiuuamur.Cijmtameniriimodicafia* 
manos urat. Ad eundemnudum SC frigtde potio 
c|uarrr^'o<™cft,ccrifOTquxirrimodicacfl,rria 
ximamarTmlc(ioric.Qyidigirurrniricit,cnciTic< 
ctiourienaliqucM^adcocalirKipoteitatc.utumul' 
tumeiusfuinatur,acinuacuumcorpus zriferatur, 
ac«latprorfus,ura(j.SmeM^uumCt,&cumJjs, 
qucuo 



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quzuehm«m'amriraremittam,c5uu]<3unyx5 
ritodoriihfluicomcxliaftctTe.uemmetiamcalefai' 
a'cndoituure.L^»irriamnum,udCyraiaica,uel 
nwicani,uclparuchamip(amquidcmpcrfc,citra 
iiKomodumfuincrrnoncft. Aifiorrauiwoc^ua, 
udoimalrpinIcmpciiccoip r utTictliciumpta,rra 
gnopcre conducit , Atcs adnuc qudemmodum, 
c|uaxuncpcorpmaccalrWit,ubimuiaiiontsprin 
dpitimoiipfcficutdifrumpriuscftacccpcrc.iT» 
calfacagjludiuritar)CLQuaeuctoit fi igci'a i <jielu 
dpapaucris inc£iis,hatcanofrrocorporc,ncud 
paulumquidCTndmiuiSiurJcdipfiinifbrimuiri» 
cunt^rcuua^tiamficalcfacTapriusdcdcris.Iiil 
erttrn eorum naturatnOTda,cruerradmcidumaquak 
QuareilludiretfreAriitotc^ricmaliamuka.cbVSu 
ef>,Caridaurn,fngidcnimJicccmjm,&humido« 
ntmcoiponmvjre«lamelTetaliaprrfe,quardam 
exaccidend . Siajtaquapa-icquidemtr^ida eft, 
cxaccidcnriucroaliquandocalida^ucruiTiaccjuiliti' 
ttuseiuscaior breui perit,namraK«fngiditas tna< 
nct.TancprgittirciIichaqtiaf1arrmiariniccla,cam 
ejaingim. Skmcconium £ id quantumuiscalefa< 
Sumdedeiis.&cabiemanimaiis perfrigerabis, 
&necispericrJumanTrcs.Omniargrnjridgenus 
tnerbarrtetajiexigueflntdaa,&iimciimr)s,qtw 
uerremerttunrifrigciraeaiimcafitgareuafeam^io 
nonmicj ufirm ajtqucm corporibus noftris praw 
O ifj ffcmr. 



«wGoosk 



ftam,queinadmoduni tnopere de medicamentis 
dic*tur.SiquickmmediC2menidquodCaniharfc> 
das rccipit,hydericis prodcft . Tametfi camharis 
tp(a,ueGcamomiu'noextiIcera.Veruubiperea, 
qua:adrircfmrcaftigaradl,acCOTjx)ri,quodplu 
rtmohunroregrauamr,tuniaffenw,illiimperuri 
rwexpeUit-MaicimeigttureftatteVfadutnonitiio 
bus,quarpoteftaeecauda,fr^daucdicunr^fiiitr«: 
exnatviraeoriim^pxnutrrrecorpuspcGunt,an 
ciuOnodi,cpa:exiguumalrcrationis morneotuna 
<fta,deinde (ecundurn proprianatura akerata,core 
pusipfumaliquomodo afFiciunt.Terriolecoan 
niBo pacloab ect quiccp altcrct.Si titf ex nutrien 
(iii fumgn>rre,(iqui<Kuincar*,calefaaut.Sin5iu' 
cant,refrigerat.Siiiexrjsnintqua:exiguuquippia 
alierat,oiocalrfadut.Siuerocxfp,qiiKoruuo no 
altcrant ,maxime rerrigeiara. A ttendere aute,ut di 
c% eft cjs maxime oportet,ac difcernere , quae pcr 
iefunt,abrp,qu3cpcraccidetis,noincalidiscVfa 
gidismodo,(ednihitoctiamferiu6inlicciscV hu« 
midis.Quippealiquataliu,cum(icc5 fubftantiam 
fint(brtita,ubilargocalorefuraliquata^umidatis 
phantafiam prarbent , ueluti ars,& ferrum . Quae 
dam per fe humida, ubi in fyncero frigore (iint mo 
rata,apparemfKcaficutglacies.Mirurne^iturde 
fpomnibusfaciendumabfo]uro,&frreuIla exce» 
piione iudidumeft.ficutinfuperioribus rnonuiV 
mu&Sed 



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mus .Scdcum eo.utquemadmodumlcfem calo» 
re , frigoreque habeant,confydercntur.Siqu idem 
ficxiguoprarditacalorc, nihilominus hiimidacer 
nuntur.taliaefTc cx propria natura funt cenfenda, 
tametficu copiofb calorefint ikca.Quaeueroucl 
lilb feruenucalorc fluuilt^uelfhbpuroiTgorcfunt 
conaeta,nehorum quidemakera pcr fe humida, 
akerapetteficcafuntexiftimanda.Krgotuadhunc 
modumdiftinguercc5ueiiiet,qua:pcr(eiunt,ab 
rjs,qu3eperaccidens,tuadhaecip(a fpecSantibus, 
eortim quac poreftate calida , fngida,humida, fic* 
cauefunt ,iudicium faciendnm. Non enimadid 
quod fecundum accidens eft , reipiciedbus:fed ad 
id,quodfecundumie cft.idquod poteftate eft, 
iudicaridebebit.Porrocoinunisinomnibus,uiia« 
qj iudiciidi ratio eft, alterarionis cderitas. At cum 
calidum,frigidum,humidum,& fkcum dicantur, 
opiufi^.cpodlcilicetaliaperid.quodexuperat, 
aliaquodeamquautateniaqmtwitdenominata, 
fummahabeam.in utrudicp horumprompteuer 
titur,dequoagiruriudicium,talepoteftatefue< 
ritOleumnanquecalidumpoteftateeft^iimirum 
quodflammafacilefiat.EodemmodorefinaJ)itu 
men,& pix, Vinum autern.quod faalefiatfarw 
guis.Parimodomel,&caro,&Iac. Atquc haec 
quidem rotfs ipfbrum alteratis fubftanrtjs, nu= 
trimenta lealrreannufunt. Qujcuerounaqualibct 
qualitate, 



«wGoosle 



quau'ta«e,akerarituracrmitantur,ea medicammta 
tamimfunt.Mec&amemairidem(uiK,&cjiMeniil 
hfubftamiarfiiaemutaiapartr,ledtc>a(eruatainte 
gra,corpus ipfum affidunt.Cartcrumgrauia & 
narurasaninialjscc*™npenua.Vnde&toiunieo 
nimgcnusdcleterion&peftilensdidreor.Quip 
pcharcnonminus genere dekteria funt dicenda, 
quod ubi planemiiumaodiibentur^niUam inferut 
(ehfibaem noxam . Sicnlcp necj ignts jpfc caiidus 
fo,necpnKfngida.NamnoruquocpCciuidprcc 
(usexiguumeft^iullumeuidesincorporibusrjo» 
ftrisexdraaffcflunvQuippecaefimaunius tan 
uHsepars.eftquidemomninogeneteignis.Caete 
rum adeo nos non urat excalfaciarue.ut corpori in 
ddens^)efeifumquidemulIumfuiexctiet.Adeu* 
demmodumfrigida; afperginis centefirnapornb 
n5modotiiWofferKla[.autrefngeret,fednec<en 
fumuiiuDumprxbeat.NequaqVigiturucnicUcan 
da ddeteria fiintJmtno torius natura fuar cotrarie* 
tatePorroiucKcabifcontrarieras.exeaquacmccua 
interceditmuatione.Inefemmisuerbigratia,nr>> 
aaquamutaripoteftinignc.necp ignisin aqua: 
fcdarnboinaerejsueroiutractt.AtiIlainaherutra 
nulio modo.Ergo corines,& Itne medio eft aquas 
nwtatiomaeie^temcptenis.Noncc«uriens,^nis 
&aquat in altemtrum£ec igitur inter fe contraria 
pugnantiaqjfiint NoudiutmiKrarione papaue» 
risfuccus, 

«jiiiuaSGoogle 



n*fucctis,hominiscorpori prqrfus (ftcontnrius 
utquoduidquicqj ag rencunaquidrm qualiia* 
Kpofflt^nLkoinmu'ioafuaiublt3iBpoffii.Ai 
aunumquidcinclclcterioru grnmeiulmodieft, 
altrnimeftec*um,ouxcxiioitrocalore momen* 
rumalicjuodniuQuoisacdpium^dcindcinrnul' 
u'fariasaferatic*iuertuntur,quibus corrumpina 
turamnoftramacddu. Eiuirncdierwnoniniadck 
teriagaierelunt.etiamfiprctptcr cxiguitatnn no« 
ntm6^niMqtKKilrntialurcBidant.Acquxcorpo 
risnaturam rodunt puffcfaciunt.cVliqujnt.mcn 
topotcftatccalKianominintur.Contraquxrcfri* 
goant^lcnlumauferum^orporcrncpnocabilcm 
afferuntJrigida.Etprioraquidem nihilnonratib» 
niccmionunyiec ipfa pati.nccin corporibusno* 
fb^dfcacuidrnrur.Siquidemcafidocorporiap 
pficita,ckrmitaticwmomerituau'quodru'ncade« 
rjra,pammeorumadlummamcalicUtatem,partim 
prCHicniumadputredmem.Iure^inirproafTedcu 
quxiplaconfecutalunt, ctramcorpusartfmalis af 
ndutkAtquasccfpustamcdiiplacaKchluntjap» 
rJifarajarnairefri'gerant,rionpaniam dubitarione 
afferurtutrius potius narurafint. Nam B cncrgia 
fondcaKdalurareddita.curariirrtalnocalcfaautf 
Smtic^umfuntcalefacte.qiiomodoapparentca 
bda.Solueciirdubitaaofidifbhguatur.qucidper 
fc fngidum cit^beo quodeft exaccidmti . Ita uti 
P Ariftoteks . 



,,GoosIe 



AriftxxdesdoeufcPeritnanfflcdtriicftoni.qua 

exaeddmrifuntcalida,acqiriuariusaffeclus.Itaut 
mprratemnatuiwfuxftatufidlereueHaraufPor 
roinappKcjridisrisnobis.cjuscnaturaquide Eint 
f rigida,(edper accidcns calida , duo hacc eontinge 
re eftneccfle,ut&accjuifitirius eorumcalorperes 
at,&propriaeotumraiu>eri'es,anoftranih3 im* 
rrwtaU,fagidaperftet. Et quid mirift papaueris 
fuccusjrondragora^cicua,uclfrmiliu aliquid,' 
cpuis oMieanrur catefat!ta,paulopoft euadunt 
rrigicU'^umidempariariuir,ptifana,&fec,cVfar» 
& panis. Vbi in imbedUum uenrrem demifla , ab 
mixmfuperaritur.Euorrwrinirenimnoraroabu» 
defr^idafiquc«irprnaruseft^uodcpHyppcw 
cratesnc«auit,pirniiaipfaquamuisiamfucaisut, 
atqiexcibisinuenrreiamcoiKocnsriara^liilorni 
iiusfrigidatangcnribuslenrirur,riecjidrnodo du 
inuentreconfiftit.fejpoftcjauenisipfis.purgan 
tis,cu iufpiam medicamenti ui,eft detracta.Tamet 
fienim cprenadnrmaeft,acperiurndua'tur,artarf 
men neipfa quidem tractus uiolenua caleficri po» 
teft.Quicr»imr miri.fi ecSpapaucrisfuccus.qcr' 
naturxnoftrxtamcontrarium rnedicamcnrueft, 
cpcekrrie«frfgeref,eti5licalefacVis&eiubitusC 
tefrigerct autem unafecum &corpusf Quippe 
acc^GtitficaIorer^feruar,propteitaepodiiatu< 
rafngiduseft, Atquiarius fubftanriaa nobisno 
aljeraJ. 

lonca-.Goo^lc 



alteracJmnK>potteiiosalrerat,&mut2t,idciico 
neca nobis quicqi tcripit caloris , & pro (iia uatu* 
a nos atfidt . Ina cum frigidus natuta fit , & ncs 
uiicprrfr^crat.NiliflieiturindiflioiKnofttadV. 
dubitatiois rdiquum. oumucro quod borum om 
nium,quzfrigidaper naturafunt, quicquid plus 
Bjftocakfeceris,expropriaidnaiurarecedat,prar' 
tercf quod nulbmdubitauontmhaboctiampras 
idisjnobis^ffmtcltimonrurn.SicutcninifiJa» 
mandraadcerrumufqitrrmmumabignitiihilpa* 
ritur,urirurautem,filoiigiorelparioigra'litadmo 
ta,Sic&rrcuidragcira,&cxuta,&pklInim,bre« 
ui fpario igniadmota , propriumadhuc trmpera» 
urarumlcrujm.Iargiusautoncxalrfafla.illico 
comimpiintur;nec quiccp t-ff iccrc.qux prius po» 
terant .ualent. Ac talium quidcm omrnun namra, 
ftcranibusiraxinieeftcoritraria.Sanenaturamcu 
clico.uniucrIam(iibitaua,actfperic,quKexprimis 
demetis c6flac,(ignifico,caKdo,frigido, huidcslic* 
oxEorum uero,qux cekmme nutnut couenietif* 
firna.Rdiquaotamediainterharc(um,quoruaJia 
magis.aliamrhtis agere,acpatiacorpore noftro 
poflunt,Siquidem caftoreum,&piper agcre ma« 
gis in corpus noftrii q) patrab eo ualent. V iriu, & 
rnd,&ptiian3,parimagis,cpagere.Ergoh£ECoia 
tum agunrcirca corpus a!iquid,rum uero patiunt, 
QrminoenimublduocorDorainterlecornmina, 
P fj aliqua 



«wGoosk 



aKqummukotonpoitpugnant^catartqideafce 

rando,utrurraeorumturnagcre,ii<mparieii ne» 

cene.Forrafleaih&Cri5itiii!toteporeidrut,arra 

meagirmSidqcPuicaVidqd^uiaKtieru ira exrgu 

um,ut(ailumcrHigiabNer«eramiiacunrraiK>RT 

ro moDidimam caeram toto dieac nocte inddas.fie 

ri potcft,ut nonfiaynanifefteobtufius. Ita nrmrru 

Okidcorriodediciuidetur.AlIMuoifliludurumca 

uatunduh6xum.QuippeiacjUocpracturncerni 

tur.Canenimuno.autaltcro fcfhinihiladriuceui» 

deiuidereintaIibuslicet,Exquofa(frumarbir«>r, 

utcpedamabadmotisifo,riirirlprorfuspari,opi 

narincmnulliGm.RcrderKlumquidemeftita lo» 

qucndbus.SaepeueronobisquocRipusuapkrun 

cpk>quenc1ume(t,niGlrcubiadulrimum cxatnen, 

diiputanbnrmperducrmra,quemadrnodurhprx 

fenuanicimus.Sieigitur !uiiriilu,ideft,nunquam 

defidermsaffecrionis dogma,fjsuricpqui (olum 

iderrirrunt,ualemedemorrftrat>r>nenocam.No 

cfttameneiusadpriuatasftngularimc&cuiidasa» 

cli5esiflusufus5iri5cpadeoe>^uiaffeflusfirit, 

quibusaiiiduearBdtrarr.utnuUiacricraienfibrle, 

&manifelrrimiriconimodumafferam,facilepro 

fcctocontemnendifunt^uqi riqiriaffecnittdge» 

nusrailloseficdidtrtonrepuj^durixPerirKirigi 

turhabet.&inm,qua:riumut4in>pedozrrmorn 

nibus.Quippequatipfaquocjthccirpote homi» 

ntsttu> 

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rrfsaKquidfadum.ScJnrcfcnfibilc aVquldproK 
(us^icccuicWns.diutumatanKncorumcxhibitio, 
magnopercaltera,mutatc)iiamcorpora.Suterum 
&quar primo Aarim ufu , inariifeftam ahc ranone 
ruamindiccnt,uclutilacluca,quxcos,quiDusucn« 
tcr arftuat,manifefte rerrigerat. A tqr a (iri trindicat 
quibusrcfrigcraturnc(l,manifcftclcdit.Condu» 
dt ucro&adfomnunonpatii,nccpidaliarattonc 
ullacf quodfrigidotcmpcramcto &humidoeft. 
Vcrfl liccft humida,& frigida ad hominem,& alfa 
quajnutrtrifuntapra.ficuiutridialignaad ignem. 
Quarcrationabilitcr dbi.idgtrrus unumqjprar- 
fbnr,&quoduchirirncdicanicritacorpusnoftiu 
afficrun^&qd'num'unt.Totoqindeconcoqucn« 
di(uitcmporc^umcdicamcnta.Vbiiamnurriunt 
acprodusfuraadfimihta.utqiiarnihilmnos agat, 
frdmruralcincatorcaugeant.criipriuseitdiclu. 
Quippcidomniumquar nurriant communc cft. 
NcccftqucKJmircirajr,(imcKk)0(mipu'ufridium 
ligrionimnon(urmgii a iiciiK)rcs,cf(caKriua,qtae 
ptuisc^ad(rmilenti]r,& nurriant,dum adnuc con« 
cocfuurrtirr,rrff^cT» J cumadurralatafunvciam 
numunr.cakfadani.Iucpulusquoq ratumomnu 
cVupkxmcdkisluppctrt.trimwcibonimyumut 
mrxtenmtcrom.Facrariqjmuratafitalicui opd 
maucraiicuh'rernpcnct^caaVlic*cm.bprofcAo 
tfdiulaftttcamcc«Kocp't,irefiigcrabirur,&rnc» 
P irj dfocri» 



,,GoosIe 



diocritatem temperamenti allequetur j Vbiuero 

exeaiamnutrituseft,iiimcalorislubffentiamaui> 

gebu.In eo igitur ud maximc fcfc fallere uidetur Ju 

niorummedicoru* uulgus,quodignorac in nobis 

aKquando quantitatcm calorisintmdi,aliquando 

llibftamiameiusaugcri.Tumcjuodutrocpgene» 

reueterescaUdiusfaftumariimaldicant.Quando 

eriamcalidiusfit,(iuecaloremeiusintedas,fiue{ub 

icaiKftinc^aprimaconu'ftit,inaugeas,fingenaq: 

exfp,quactaanirrialiscorporeconriicntur, fangui 

nemefleper(ecalidum.autfimagisplacetflauam 

bilem,reliquaomniaexaca'dentieflecalida.Vtic(i 

quodhuius aUquamhabeanrpartem,nunqw'dne 

ccfUeritanimalbifariacaudius effe,uelquodplus 

c^dcramfuccorumfitibrtitum.uelquodcaudioj 

rescoshabeatcjante.Mihiplane-itauidetur.Ad 

eundem modum arbitror, & frigidius cric bifaf ia, 

uel quod plures illrfuccreuerint Ingidi (ucci, ceu p> 

tuita,& nigra bilis,uel quodeoruhi onmiuin -mcx 

dononmutato(bUqualitasfitiiiteaAnigituririi 

riquicquameft,(icorpus quoad concoquit,qui 

frigidus naturadbus eft,licut pomtlaca, &1aftu» 

ca,frigidxqualitaa'snonparum pera'piat,pcrco' 

«fto auterr^ac iam in bonum fanguinem uerib: cali* 

difuca'acce(iione,cau'diuscspriuseuadat.Atqui 

ii nihilhoru, aut eiufmodi eft , quod fieri nequeat 

ametiamsdhucmiru^unantiainobftrepere^iui 

unum 



«wGoosk 



flnum eundemqt eibum.rum nultimenb',him nw» 

chcamenti iifumcc*poripra:(tarenegant .TanCjj 

enimliomninononpcrcoqun«iir,pcrpcruoma< 

ncrct mcdicamentu.Cc cu fi eft per co<fi u,ambo cf 

ficic.Ponecnimprorlusno concoquaturlacfuca, 

udHinauisfuccusfpfius^qnisfiliberaliusfumar.fi 

milcinhoiccupapauei«luccoeffecT:uriabet.Nu« 

quidlxKraluTiH^icammruiatueriyiecaliudcfuit 

cjuir Nemo arbittor de ea re dubitet. Ergo habet 

cnrrrao lacruca &medicameu faeuliate. At ueroha 

rKbarefnurrimcri':qiiipr>equeperfepenutrfjt.Am 

basigitfacultatesfimdinfeccnnet.nStarKnrnili 

ttTambasoitcndit.Verumurjipliis<OT'tinr»rru» 

ne,fj fit pafia,medieanienti porius indicat faculta» 

tem.uhipanapluscftCpegii/iurnmcti.Necmiiij 

ullut^,fiiacruczruagere,tmiparicontirigu,qua* 

doenfiquoq?,ceupauloamediximus,noiouiin 

ceramagere.iederia abeapariacadit . Csetrrueo 

quod mtiltoamptiuseftcruodagu,cpquodparic, 

altenimlatct. Arfidurifnmum Mi ferru adnioue* 

as,c6tramagispari,cpageretibiuidebirur.Tanw 

eifiagitalio^'dtumquocp.Sednegligirurpraexi 

fuirate efus uis.haq? deomnibus prorfus dbisjt* 
td pronunciarc non dubiramus^cjcFnon fblu a no 
ftriscorporuSuspari,fcdetiamagere aliquidinea 
pofrunfjamurro&dequibufdam,qua?planefci* 
EcrtKluailEnteruicleniusagere,quodn6rant5cf 
bifint, 



«wGoosk 



bifintJedetiam medicamtnra . Etbctuca qutdem 
ram abus^ji medicamentum frigidum eft. Eruca 
lam cibus,qj mrdicamentum cabaum. Quod G ca 

ftorcumquocpfpaDoconcoquiiur^iitidqucKpli 
mulnuininnitum,fmiulmcdicanKiiiunlcalKlum. 
AdeudemmocCfrham&piper.Exlierbisquo» 
qucanrrhum,&ri*a t &origani]m,&pulrgium, 
& calamy tuhe,& rhymbra, & ihymum , Quippe 
turcomnia,mmcjbi,iummedkarnCTacalidafunt, 
priu5cnimq<mlaiiguincmfuixnuiu£a,dumfali'< 
caadhuccona>cpuntur,mcdicameWv4utataue» 
roinfanguinemjionuticniammedicamenta.ird 
nudi^cnu.Sccundanimimmnutrimeal^nifica» 
uone,qmidGgntficatur,cniodnor>duniclt alime 
tum/cdiidunalimcrijrn.Ergo(kutdcl*flucapau 
lo fupra fccimus,cum duos ucntres,altcrum iufto 
fngidwrmvlimim iuftocalidioranfiroarnus. Ira 
nincquoqtprocontempundisrp/ruaepoceftate 
alidiiunl,propon3rnuscofdrmuci«rcsj&gocu 
quifrigidoriuftocit.quoadincocoltnctur.acco 
ccK^uunturonmcsidgcnmhcrtrarcalcfaciuntjucB 
ad temperamennaicrualitatcmreuocant.proninw 
queutmcdicuncta.AhmrmuCToquicilidus eft, 
mflaranabunt^cmagnoperebrdet.AtcBhasqui 
demaltcncioi)riquatuatrluaincbccm.Namom» 
ninopaoc«!ta,&mutaa,acm6ngnmcmborum 
iamucrfa.naturalisn animalicuoro tubftantiam 
augcbut, 



,,Goosfc 



aur^rjum,nonquaKtaiemintenclent.Tn lorii (ntm 
fiuefrjgidus/iuecalidus poteftarecibusfit,polte 
acpinfanguinem conuerfus eft,naruralem calore 
fimiliteraugebit. Quoad aut? ad fanguinis fcrma 
tcndu,necdumpUne&nguisrilrctlditus ) rtfngc» 
rar.cxcalfacitticaninialniedicariKrairftiiJSariceni 
nishaxdilceptatioabunopnncipiopedet.Quo 
m3gisfervjandumid,mcmorfacfitcnendurn pcr» 
petuoeft.Cuifcbetrorfjcmproprictatcrn quan* 
damtcmperarnendeflc t C|U3ehuicquidem naturar 
fitccjrricntfcrc.abhacucrolitdiffrnticns.Tumfl 
quodconueniem fibicft .infuaniriasuram trant 
mucet,eo pacto caloris fiai fubftantiam augcre. Sin 
fpiumfarnutattim,duorumakerumiIli coritirige* 
re,udurcalorcm quandam conquirat.irticpfiida 
quomuiatur,calefaa'r,uc!propnumcalorcmamit 
tat,Cidnoncalefacit.Liquetigiturcxfp,quodeiuf 
modi omnia,ex eorum funt numero, qux relata ad 
aliquid dicanturC Cum ad ptoprictatem mutanris 
namrar,qtncqiiida(Tunuiur,udnutrinienti, udme 
dicaiTicri,ucIutriufcprationcrnforrianjr,ucrbigra 
fia.Ciaita,lturnonutrirnentum eft,homini medi* . 
c3roennrin.Rurfus coturnid,ueratrurn nwrimen* 
tom eft Jiomfnibus medicamen . Si quidem cotur 
nfcum temperies amnulare fibi ueratrum potcft, 
qitodhoirBrMmrerrrpericsnonpoteft.Ergoma» 
f*teftumfamarbitrorfWturn,quodiicliclurJO:tus 
Q_ quod 



«wGoosk 



quod retpectu noiiricalidum, frigklum, humiau, 
&ficcumdiatur,nmexns,qu3eeicmti!ecus funt 
pofiW>edexrp,qwbusipfiafficiiiiur,cmiimex> 
cJunTqjfieripo(ur,Alcpidunipprtrilurn,acrna>> 
xime Ut fpecrandu . Deiride fi ta rxigii,ctuim qd" 
abexteniisperirur.Namfieiiidens adtenricirdu, 
&daiTisfeadrribirinirdicamermafFccTus,huicreil 
quisnotis omuibus poftlulwis credendum .Sin 
confiifus,&oblcurus^utCTiammKtus,aiitullam 
omninodiibirarionem(itexhibes,tumuticTiadex 
remaomniac6ferentes,deeo"iudicandum.Acne 
que horum quidem ad ea,quar kmpius abfunt, fcd 
qua:abip(aquarfira:ra(ubitaritiaiunr defumpta. 
V erbigrau'a.Si oleum calidum eft,no id iridc fpc» 
clabirur,quodglutino(um,autpallidum,autleue 
eft.fed quod/aale lriflammatur.Idruncperat lHi 
calidunipott(ratee(\e,quodceleriterineiKrgiaca 
liduminutatur.AdeundemmocUtm&incorpoa 
ribus no(t:ris,non utiqjid expendendum,an crat 
ianrmpartium,auttenuiunvuthumidum,autle» 
ue,autglutiriofutn,autpallidum:(ed an calefadac 
admocum . Eque uero nec an dulcc fit,an ahium de 
rjciacan ianguinem,(i inftiHcrur, faciat in miflionc 
fluxtkm . Quippc harc quocp fuperuacua funt , cu 
eftimare liceat^n calcfaciat cum admouctur Jbrgo 
fi notabilircr id ,ualentercf) faceret,quemadmodum 
piper,utiqueclamidprocuIc|ueckibioeflct.Nunc 



«wGoosk 



cumminuneuaIentcr,idpra;ftct,rneritoinqu3> 
ftioiie>enir.MuIroueromagisdrrolaceo,& acc 
to dubitatur a medicis , atqtie ambigitur calida nc 
ha:c,anfrigidapotcftatc (int.Agrnduni igiturid 
eft, ut in omnibus , quae poteftate calida , irigida, 
humida/icca uedicuntur, cxaclas aliquas , darafqj 
diicretiones inueniamus . Sicut ante dcrncrgialic 
ditftis fccimus. Porro incipicndum arbitror ab qs, 
quae ruidennftima (iint . Quando in ijs cxercita» 
tus, fadle confequerur ca , qua; minus funt ruidcn 
tia . Ergo ftatim ut corpori hoc , uel iQud medica* 
mentum , dbus ue adtnouetur , expers rfto omnis 
acquiGtitijcatoris,&frigoris . Quamcnim in lupe 
rioribus clctcrminationrm iniuimus ,cum(icca& 
humida corpora clignolcendapropo(uimus,ea* 
demnobisnuncquocpinijs.quaepoteftatecalida 
frigidacp(tint,nonminuscritutilis.Nam(itrepo< 
teftatefrfeidum,cumidappucas,calefacias,Gueca 
lt'dumrcnngcrcs,corpusprimooccurlu,qualita* 
tis acquifitx,non eius , qux propria eft rei admo» 
ta:,(enfu afficictur. Vt ergo admotse rei ucra , fyn» 
ceracp natura cxploretur , tepidum quoad ficri tna 
ximepweftjcfto^ncculBcjarinlccusnotabilcaltc 
ratione ualrntis caloris.frigoris ue cepcrit. Ac pria 
quide admoti mcdicamcri pnrparatio talis efto, 
Applicef aut cu eiusuiexpIoras,nocuibbet corpo 
risaffeclui,(edfipUdfluiK(^qucaJficrimaxiepo 

Q,tf ttft, 



,,GoosIe 



tirf}/iinimo.At(i(uiJimiqiikfemcaiorisa(Fa3ioni 
ad:rtotuinrrigorisfoiumexdtet.erttprofecMc 
frigidu. I^irimCKbfifrirn^affec^applicaturn, 
calKJu:TiltjrimjpparcJvdc|uocperii ra llftil m , S > n 
ud calidc affe&ioracaJidum.udrrigide ftigidum 
lcnriatur.noneftuuod h«calictom,illudrngidu 
ommropronuiKiesJSfteraroaliciuaiidoiumrmca 
lcraaffecius.quemmecliocritcrfrigidrmnieclica 
maiadeononalteiat^rerngeraricto,deiilarickxp 
luirimumeiarinfecuscoipus^atoremiMmcooclu 
ite^difflariuetetJndVcpaffc&mrrngfeaccen* 
datjtauero ctCcpicKjfr^idVjaffecTuiadmouctur, 
nulkimafTeratcaloiCTvadoiJ u u i eft.r^iamidcu 
ficaliqiad meckcOTtercalidimv^ tj>«xi aflitSu 
qiultimrmid^uitcalciris.EyriecG c^dm otime 
dicatroiiscxpforadauiscft ,nec ficx accjdeariall» 
cptdefficiat,ricmperfe.IiKfcar»at»OT€aaDrJei( 
acciderittaliquidrack,tum exaffc&i ipti,ll—ujii 
pc««.Exaffec^(iisuVnplexeft,&irnus.Atate» 
pore dctermiiiabirur iudicium adhunc modum, 
QuodprotimisixadrrK)ameft,calefacere,ueirc 
frigerarc ma iii fe ftecerr«turjdiiticp8cex(c,cVp»T 
ietafefuerft,Quodtemporeidr*^fortafleexaIi 
quoacddtTOtiuceftacWi,ueIuriiuueiu't]uadra« 
ticorrraris.Tetanoaeftaternech'alaboranri,frjgicIa 
Ifeei^craffufecal o r ai e p er c uffumfacg.Octeru 
quod aqua rrigidapcrfenon oleradat ,ex primo 



loinuaoyGoogle 



«uu occuriu patetjjenfumnancp inuchit frigoris. 
Prasoracuumcpioadciaffuixritur,frigefacit.Tu 
calorem ncc in omni corpore, nec dum afi unditur 
inuehic . Immo iri iuuene , quadraii corpohs , & 
acftate mcdia, & poltcpaprofundendoeft ccfla« 
rum.Sicutigiturfrigidaquibus incidk,hacillico 
perfr%a^iuieanirnaucorporafunt,fiuencnani 
mata,uuccaiidaJiuefrigida,iu(iquod cffet tem* 
pra,udccu^risiiatura,uelancltusulIus,inquo 
frigida,primo ftatim ocairfu caloris fcnfum inue» 
heret,iuxequeripoitct,calefacerene,anfrigefacere 
t«ieriataefia.Nunccumomniatuinanimata,tu 
inanimata prorinus, &perpetuo frigefieri ab ea 
ccrnamus.Quibu.saurcniiilin]scalor,uclunforis 
quidamignisinirifcaibuseft.hisoccurrensreper 
cufTumaliqrunclocalorisfacit.rationabilc arbitror 
cxacdclijitinonfjerfctauacalefacete.Sedneclatet 
quarationeilludaccidat,Siquidcmitipara,clufacji 
cctfporisfuroniafKie.repCTCuinB.refTacmfcpia 
catariseus,quiaprofundo a(cendit,quiq;firnul 
ptopterclifHacusinopiaeftaccruatus .Simulpro* 
ptcr frigidi tircumftantis uiolentiam in altumrc 
cedit.Slmulcxfucdsiitfiichabitisnutritur. Quip 
pe ubicolletfcus^rutriaifcpcalorad tummacorpo 
risuiolcntiusruit,fitquidemcaloris repercuflus, 
iudiciumuero,acdcKiraentum,quodfrjgiclum 
haudqtBc^pcxfecalorcniauat.Na per {equide 
Q_.tfj cutfm 



,,Goosk 



airimperfr^auitfrigusueroeiu»,cirfltas,&res 
dituscalor&ad profundum (untcofeeuti . Rurius 
borum.denfttatem qutdcm difflatus prohibirio. 
Rcdttumu>Toadrmcrior.!,roticodio,confumnv< 
ttcKp,c|miftKc(umluccoruiri,cftadlccuta.Hairu 
u-to dif Aarus prohibitio,caloris cofligcndi , iucco 
mmconcoclio,eiufclemr^eracUfuitc*xafio.Por 
rohorum utrunqj nariui,catoris fequitur aucltb. 
ErgoBitcrccdcndbus.cVmcdijs umfqt.frigidatn 
animaliscorpore,caloris auquadorxcitatincrrrne 
r3,pcrfenun«.Scdnomiriuscalor,cftc|U!idocx 
acadmripcTrngeratVricpii u pcedcmcuaanobg 
ne.SicutpermftophlegiTOnen.Cumrntmexcalis 
dafluxicmcphlcgmonccon(ifrat,propruic|uiclciri 
eius<raatio,u2cuiuo(uperuacutefkVacuarioiaii 
tcpamculsr.quarpcrphlcgmoncn excalfacfra cft, 
oiofucccdnrcfr^crario.Ergoci3duplexirjs,quar 
phl«trnoiielaboratpam'cuftj,irFecrus(tt,iinwqui 
dcinquatitatc, cxfupcruacuinarurarmodum exc 
tinrtsabundatia^erinqualiur,quiexcaloris fpe 
ctanirraric)r^,fequiturprioriscorucurationc,cti5 
pofterioris curario: fiuntcp cx occidenri,quae uacu 
ant,ea!cnris matcriar remedia,& inflarnmariois par 
ricufaru refrtgcratoria.cfgo tu hacc difccrncre opor 
tet,ru idagcrc,ut pro modo (impbcis afFetfrus , etia" 
utriu mcdicameti inurntat' modus,nerbi gratia fi ca 
Kqusifurrimoaffcc7us(iV,frigidtiquoc{j ifurnmo 

medV 

),jii„ M o,GoosIe 



nKdi<amfmparrf.Smaffrfrusa(umopaiiEr«T 
dat^nedicameilru quocp a lurno paulu dediiKt. Si 
p!usa(un»caloreabfltarFe<Sus,adporlionfablit 
aiumofrigoremedicame. Quippe uaufpicatus a 
tau'eoie<5ruraeameeomfis,facilius l pprra,cufuO 
<f iueniasuim.Adlumacni inoifimplici afieclu 
calido ) c|ucKlcucpadhibitumedicame,prioftarioc 
ciirfurrigorisfenUiitulit^dfrigidupoieftatec.Ac 
inuho^e<!k>rnagis,fipoftprimaexhirjitionetale 
perpemorrana.Quodfiailiduafreclu^prlus fa» 
no/rigiduidrxiiecefGrarcfuem. Adhibecluueto 
e(tcuexploracoiotepidu,utpriusteftatifurniis. 
VT3iiacogninietakelTe,deindecuraric4scapetit, 
rWbirsn^iduumit.lSlfifirriedicarnelumiftt fri« 
gorisjnorbus in fummo caloris non fit. Atcp harc 
c(uiclediffiifim,tuinoperedeniedicamentis^£icu 
raridiriKtriodotradetit.Adpraicnsilludialieno» 
uiiie oporret . Si quod calido , & fimplici affeclu i 
EKJru1)irummedicamenmni,ruprotinus,iiirotodc 
iiKepstc[wcfrJTOris,(rnfuiri,acfadIiorisloUrran 
tiarj'uuamctit^larx)raiiriaf>'rrl^lfrigidumnccci7a 
rioeft.TamerfimaIipncViucJiiicleatcalidu.Dc» 
prcriendWrenrmmillisfidilrgeriterejcploret.no 
uricrt per (e Jed ex accidenaejrcairacrre . Cum per 
fe diamus^iclprimum,uelriullo rntcrcedentem» 
dio.miinibijifiufrrKxliiirrbividirmpolcftaterig 
tnficarnus.Incjuibus omriibuslectorcm.inoptw 
Q_ iirj de me 



,,Goosle 



dfmcdicaninfspivpnjscjKiiipttstxEfcJuuiiiitis. 

Nuncreccrifirisrjs,cjijxarttciamdixi ,propcfito 
lliSrocomodumimponcrefinemtent3bo.Cunan 
quecaUdum corpus nsilrifariamdicatur,rjarncV 
quod lummam ciudnodi habct n fc qualttarcm, 
iplumfeitcadciricnruraEtquodproptiTctiifmo 
cliqualitarcmpollaitem.nonicncftforrituni.Ad 
haxquodcoltoumadaKudaViniTjriadxiquod 
medtocre ciufdmi&gcncris^cIquiaiuidfbrstiK 
krit,fkcVqitCKlpoteitatecaiiciijmeft,eriergiaue« 
ronondumdicipc«ft,intrj1igi,piv>baricBiriitkis 
rrwdisoportet.Quouuo^miriusreiaiefiquidno 
ftatiminfcinmamr,idaliquineutadnos quidem 
ruealidumpctteftarcprunm.IN'am(iuc(aci!ccon 
coquitur,cV ctto numr,critutadnoscaiidum.Si 
ue admodum uduri medicamcntum, calcfacit, 
crit id quoque.ut ad homtnem calidum.Stcnt» 
mirum & pcr fingulas animalis fpeaes, ipfunl 
potcftatecalidum ,fiueeft,mmecKcamenturn,& 
ueutnutrimenum,adiUudrannimanimalcoIIa« 
ruradidtur.Hftenimexi^s^xadafiqmdreferun 
tur.quicquid poteftate aHquid dicitur.Quare 
&' probario,c(ija:propriacft^iidior uticjuedt, 
ojj quasab cxtemo peatur.Propria uero eft ua 
infir»uli8,uricpficeleiiertaleriim'appareai,quak 
ideitcpMcftatedtximus.Efteriimporeftateig» 
nis , quicquid cdcritcrin lgnem uemnirtpoteftare 
uero cali» 



,GoosIe 






Fo. bty. 
uerocalidum,utadhomine eft,ex(peciebuseo» 
rum,qu;r cxcoquod in ipfis pnepoOet, dieuniur, 
quidquid bomini applicatii , naturalis eius caloris 
uelqualitatcmauget,udfubftati5.Eadeinmihi& 
de alijs cenferi dicfla ueli , quxcucp fcilicet potefta 
tefrigida,udficca,uelhumidadicutur. Quuhsec 
quoqs partl uduti ad ipfa elemeta,paru ueluti ad 
ea,quasexpnrrx>lientcfimtnominata.tuinteDigi, 
tuexplorari,tudocericoueniatPatetueroeuquo Taclueu qui 
cp qui iudicat, tactu, omnis acquifiritr) caloris & iudicatur' (it, 
rngorisexpertemcfledebcre^icuticlcmedacarne ois acquifttr» 
lisipfispriuseft diflum. rrj calons tid 

rrigorisexper 
Dctemperamcntisfinis tedebereefle. 

Thoma Linacro An 
glo interprete 

GALENI PERGAMENSIS 

Dcina:qualiioteniperie,Thoma 
LinaaoAnglointerrjrcte 

sintemperiesaliasin 
lalis corpore fii.uelu 
ydropis fpecie, qui 
>-^fX«uouuit.6Vfe» 
quasijdemhepiala» 
kfereqtreuquisotn 
R nibus 

DijiliuaoyGoOgle' 



nibus, exceptis, quas Hrco!cas norninat. Inadi 
autcm 8i inunaqualibetparte,quum ea ud intu» 
mtrir,ud Phlegmone,Gaiigreria,Eri(ipiIate,Can 
crour,rftafFecTa.Hucpem'riet&quiElephasdi» 
citur,& Phagedena, & Herpes, Veru hsec oia cu 
fliixjoneconlifturit.Ablcj!aute materiaeaffluxu, 
folis partiun qualitatibus aliquatenus alteradis,in 
aequales intemperiesfiunt ,vtic^ refrigeraus i)s, 
aut deuftis,aut immodice exerdtatis.aut frriatis, 
autaliquididgm , paflSs.lamexmedicametisrjs, > 
quae foris corpori occurrunt,inaequaIis intemperi 
es gignitur,dumidudfripefit,uelcalefit,vdfic» 
catur ,udhume<Jlum redcutur. Quippe hae (im« 
plicesinteperiesfum,velutiinrp ,quxde tempe 
rametisfcripfimus, ell moftratum, Compofitae 
exrjjah'sequatuorfimt,quucorpus ud calefit (i= 
mul&ficcatur.udcalefit (tmuIcV hume<ftat,uel 
refngendf fimul & ficeefcit, ud refrigrrat pariter 
& madelbit.Quod aute riulmodi intemperiec 
ab aequaUbus eodifter,quodinomn!busintem» 
peranter affecri corporis partibus arqualiter uo 
infint:iddarclic[uet.Ergoquisfit omnis inarqua 
lis intemperarurxgenerancbe modus^n propo 
fitolibdloftatutumelt exequi. Admonedi aute 
iumus,quodarjor nobisomnisdifputatiout,de 
omnibus corporis particulis. principio amaxu 
mis fumpto,qua: lcfficet tie vulgo quide lunt ig» 

notae 

DuilinaoyGoOgle 



Fo. Ixvi 

notac.S(quidem manus,&pedes,&ueirem,& 
fhorace,& caput nemo eft qtri ignorar. Diuida Dnrifio pattf 
mus autc eara rurfus unamquacjj in proximas u maioru ih 
fui,qux *$o<r-«x3 grsecc dicutur ,particulas. Vcr fibi ptoxia». 
bi gratia,crus in rccmur^rb0,&pcdemJtcm to 
tum brachiurn,in bntchium, cubitum,& fummil 
manu.lam manus ipfiusparricula: funt,uoIa,& 
riusparsaucr(a,^Ta«<«fir.o«or£ed uocant,&digi 
ti.Digitoru ueroparucukelunt,ofla,caralagoJiV 
gamentu\arteria,uena,irjebrara,caro,tendo,un 
giris,curis,adeps.Has aute diuilifle in alia fpem 
noeft.Sedfutfiirdares,acprirriaNexcepristame 
artCTrjsctucms.Harni^exfibris&mebranisuit Arterias,& 
condita\ueluriin traclada: diflcclionis rauoeeft uenas partca 
tracKtu.Quietia' coplura efle Iparia itcr ipfks pri ee copofiras 
mas,& umilare s parriculas, atcp rjs etia plura ma Vacua fpatia 
ioracjt. inter ipfas rnftrumetales, &copolitas, ali» inter fingulas 
quauero«inuriacjualilxtfirriilaripamciila,ueIu corporapar 
rioflc citreepJitecquoqi oia in rp,qiiae dc admi tra itercedrre 
niftradis drfleflicmb' taipfimus,funt / pdita.Ac Quoru inter 
qua: mollia qiride lunt corpora,ea quonfi fibi in pofita fpatia 
uicerrKubut^terpolita fpatia latere cofpectu faci no cernatur, 
ur.Qi^duraficcacpfut,irir^caTicre(parialicet, 
ficuri offiu cauemulas. Cotinft hse trataliter mul 
fitiiciciWwrisJru^cpalbiVnidcoparari utofla 
nutriat,Qvce i cute foramla fiTt,ea,cj ratioe flatti 
r)sc^cVSperarriWspre£crOT%eftdiflu.AtcB 
" • R tj htxc 

DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



Jwc mcmuiffeneccfiariu crat daritans caufa eoru 

quaeanobisdeincepsfuntdicenda, Dcinaequali 

uerointemperknuncagedunvuquaena eiusna 

CunGt,tuquot cfgcncradx modi.Ergo qf in 

omriibus pirdculis, corpotis quocl fluxione eft 

affeclu, unica temperies non fit,prius eft dictum. 

Verumidcomuncomnisinteperamcntiuixqua 

liseft.DirFercciaeeius,ipfamcorporumarTevflar 

Aliter fimpli rum fcquunturnanira.quum aliterfimplcxcaro 

cecarne, Ab'« aliter uniueru» mufculus impari tcmperamenco 

teruniuerfu fitaffe(3us.QuippecaIicUfluxio,ubimmu(culu 

mutculu irue proculwit.primummaioresancrix.uercKjsop» 

qualiinteperi plentur.accUftendutur. Abijsrntnorcs.Atcp «a 

eafFectuelTe. resproccdit,doriecadminimasfitperucnturri.Iri 

Calidumreu rjs.ubiualenterimpacta fluxiotft, necadbuc iv 

maqueadmoftitur:para'mriusperipfarumc«,partirnpertu 

dummufculi nicas,ueluu'colarumrc>rastrantmimtur,Tuuero 

partesiuadat fpatiaiplauacua, qtiaeinter prima funt corpora, 

fluxicMieimplenir.Scorniiiaabhuniore,omnicp 

ex parte incalefcunt, ac perfunduntur. Ea (n, 

naui > ligameta,membrarce,caro ipfa,ante cpbxc 

Venas Scar» arteriae,cx°uenaE. Quae icilicet o£primae,cV r prav 

terias in phle ter caeterauario dolore affiaut. Quippe interi 9 

gmone uaric a fluaone tum excalfiunt, tum diftenduntur^c 

dofere, diuefluntur.exteriusnon modo excatftunt: fed 

eriampremurinir,acdegrauarinir.Reliqtnepaiw 

ticulas aliae compriroeu^£^,uelincalel«ndo, 

atse 

D,jii,i M oyGoosle 



Fo. Ixvij. 
allar utrocjgtnetcbborai.Appcllaturcf morb' 
ip& Phlegmona:. Eft aute reequaUs inteperic» 
mu!culi.feruetenimiam qui ineo eft fanguis.Is 
fccumcxcalfadtprimumquidemac maxtme ar« 
teriarum, &uenarum tunicas.Mox ueroomnia 
quae extra has funt,quibus (cilicet drcufunditur. 
ItaduoriiaIteramnecef6eftfequi,utufluxioiu« 
cerit, corruptio fequarui uifloru corporum. fin 
flu*iofituiAa:utmufcutiadnaturalemftarumre 
deant, Eftoigitur prius uifla fluxio (rectius eni Vifl» fluxio 
amclioribusindpitur) Duplexhicinddit cura» ne,quacdcin 
tiontsgcinis,quodudcftgexeturquidquidhumo decuratio. 
rainparticulamprocubuit, uelconcoquet. Ve» Digeftione i 
rumdigeihooptandamaxime curauo eft.Con» phlegmone 
roftoriemhacduoneceffciofequutur.purisge rnaxicoptada 
neratio, cVCeiusmaliquodfpaaumabfceflio. Ab» efie curaubnc 
fcedit aliquado in capadratu qux propiquz funt, Coccxfl «one 
mmmaxirm,tumminimemomeianeam.QuodphIegmonis 
faneab(cemWsgm 9 opn'mueft.AIiasinnomos duofequi, 
mentaneamquidem,nontarne maxima. Interim Sparioru ia 
m maxima.non tame nonmomentanea.Acquar quseabiccdit 
in uentriculum inddunt abfceffioriu, opama eft uaria geoera. 
quatinfinueiusintemum abit.lnquemetiample Abfcefiionu 
racpleaperiunt.Malaueroquarfubperitoneum. qusemclior 
Parimodo inrisquarcircacerrbruexiftut,bora utqusedcten 
eftquae iriprioresrius uetriculos abfccdit.Mala or, 
quarfubinuolucradus Jtemqioe in pofbieueius 
R. irj. uemre 

DijiliuaoyGoOSk 



uetrrm (e recipicQui uero drca coftas abfcdP 

eolliguntur:hi incapadtates erumpunt petSoris. 

Acmu(aiIorumquidcmabfccfIusrubcmrm,uif 

ceruucit>inarterias&uenas,quasinfe conti» 

nent,ud in mcmbranarn qua operiuntur, cjuac 

Si uifla pan ipGs pro cute eft. At li uiflae a fluxionc part» 

a ftudonefit. cufcefuerint.in tantam druenient ir*eperiern,uii 

dctum carum percat aclio,tum ipfic fpariocor 

Dolor cjuan rumpanrur. Porro definmt tum primum dole* 

dodefinat re.quum mutairiri qualitaa fuerint adfimihtar. 

Quado dolc Non cnim quum mutata particularu temperies 

aix corpora.iamcft,fiuecmficlc«juar)inip(bmutatumcflc, 

dolcnt, fed duro mutantur.fiue in ip(a mutatio 

Hippoerates ne. Quemadmodum mtrus dixit Hippocrates. 

„ Du alterafci ac corrupitur natura: dotores fiut. 

Alteratur autem, ac corrumpitur cuiufcp na« 

tuta,quuuelcalefii,ud(rfeeut,udficcatur,ucl 

humefit,ud dus unitas difloluitur .In rjs quide 

intemperamentis quse insequalia funt,cx calefod 

endcijUel cx fngetaciendo. Quippe cjuum effi» 

caciilimse qualitates hzfint.Secundoloco cfio 

cando,udhumectiindoJEx cfuriendouero udfi 

uendo,deficiente hic humidajllic ficca fubftaru. 

Ex uulna-ando.&erodendo, & tcndedo, &pcc 

mendo,&conuelkrKlo:uriitateip(a(cirueclxEr» 

goficajor6u^uinafanartfcula,cjuaphle«none 



,,GoosIe 



Fo. lxWf/. 

laborat,miu(ft:tuquiuitotoaramaKseftcor 
porc mediocriter atteperatus: no facfle una cu af 
fiifla particub cakfit, Gn ud dfc feruet uehcme* 
tius, uel quiper totum fpargitur antmal,biliolus 
eft:ulico totus ad caloran uerutur.Multo uero 
magis ficubi ambo concurrunt,ut 8C qui in pble 
gmone babetur admodu calidus fit,& qui in to» 
to eft animante bihbfus. Porro calefit primii qui In phlegmo* 
in arterrjs eft (anguis,quod fcilicetis tum natura ne quis farw 
calidior,tum uero raagis (pirituoms fit-pofthuc guisprimum 
uero etiamquiinucnis eft.Quodfiinpropiqua calefiat,quis 
uifceri,cui plurim 9 fit laiiguis,ob(efIaphIegrnoe dcinceps, 
parricula fuerit:iam celerius cumboc urriuerfus 
quimanimalicftfanguiscalore affkimr, Vnocjs 
ucrbo,quidquid ex Tadli alterabile eft,aut calu Quid cirius, 
dummturaridaquouiscalefacienteprirnumex &quidtardi 
catfir.Noniecus ckabeoquod frigefacit, quid* us alterrftii 
quid facile aftrratueft,ud natura frigidum:id generaamtu 
primum refrigeratur. Ac promptus quidem ad membrauVn. 
alterandu fbiritus eft. Vtpote extenuimmis co 
ftans partibus.CalidifEma narura meritocft fla 
ua bilis.At fngdifltma pituiia eft. Reliquorum 
humorum , languis poft flauam bilem maxtme 
eft ajidus ,ficut mgra bflts poft pituitam eft fri 
gida. Qumetiamaltrrarur flaua bilii leuinx» 
mcnto , ex quouis in eam ageiue . Nigraargre 
R iirj. akeraicit. 



,,Goosk 



abtiafrir.In furnrna quidquid KnuC eft parou^d 

prc^tealteraRir:cotracwcraflzfuntpanes,argre. 

Aknarionii ltanecefreeft multifaristpblcgtnSisakeradones 

•uatkma fa incidant.proptereaquodnnJtfmijniaffrifbluiit 

phlegrtionis, corpora. Principio naq) fttccus qui phlegmone 

cxqiancpgc' exdat.ma^mirijfuecaiiduseft.dddefiicapu» 

neribus acd» trefaftio.proipuusnamra rcfpondet.hon nrini» 

dere. mumccrte prcHttismagisiruWuecftimpaelus. 

Quippequae perfpiratu carent, cderi* putrcfcut, 

ueluti 8c* mexternis acddit onibus. Caeteru quu 

calidatempcricfunt& humtda^tum unqtpoafli 

mu. Iam ipfa phlegmonefaborans patticuh,ud 

prope uel longeGtaeft, amuhifanguinis uifceri 

bus jotus cp fanguis uel biliofus eft,ucl mdachoii 

cus,uelpituitofus,ueI {pirituofus^Atcphatconia 

rnagisminusqt. Quare necefleeftniultifbrrnes 

fieriakeratiotKs.fiueakentmalttriutcoIIatu.fnie' 

Incorpore icfemfibi.Fiumha;ornnesinatqua!escorporisiiVi 

quod phleg* temDeries^axirnequideminnammato eoqui tri 

moelabotet,plilegnx>neeftfarguinc.deinderaquiiniufceri* 

quidrnarirmbus habet&corde.AtcBhuiusmaximccoctuir 

innammetur, untftroriusfinueft.Inque(ucutinoperede ufur 

quid ddnde, pandis manudiireftiorabusrft dKftu ifiumo etiii 

animanre,necadhucfebretentato,cumitteTedigf 

tamudistuericmentilfirnuckprehendescalorein. 

Quomae^uerifinuleeft,ubitotijrncorpus prae 

ternatur3icalefcu:hijcriutxinie(fauadfummu 

pezuenste 

),jii,i M tyG00gIe 



Fo. bux, 
peruenirc cajorfe. Quippe quu tcrmriffirnii rnax 
lmecjj fpirituolum tanguine habeat, ac moucaE 
perpetuo.Cieteru in rebribus id genus onibus, 
calefitquide fanguis aliquado tmiuerfus,quicucfi 
no naturalcm lllu caIore,qui cx humoris putreT 
ccntia eii obonus,c5ccepit. Non tame aut arte 
riarum, uenaru ue tunica?,aut aliud uQum cvcu 
iacentiuni corporum,prorfus iam temperamen 
tum fuu mutauit, fcd adbuc mutatur atqi abera 
i incakfces,fiue Cut fic loquar; calefies.Quod 15 
gioretepore hoc padf.eriam uinceturaliquado, 
prorfus cb murabirur .ita ut no amplius calefitat, 
fed iam ut praxer natura calcfadrumJPorro tcr» Termin' alte 
min' mutarionis eft, cuiuscp pardcube fundri» rarionisquis 
onis kfio. Ad quem ufqj tcrnunu omnis ahera» fhniendus. 
rJonis laritudo : via eft in id quod prarter natu» 
ram eft. veluti mixtum comune a ac medium 
quiddam ex corrarrjs vtrifqj copofitu, ipib na» 
turali prorfus aftwfru, & co quf iam planc eft 
prarter natura. Ergo roro hoc tepore corpus in Doloris tnfi 
calefcensiprornodoalrerauonis etiam adportubri fparium, 
onem fentit dolorem. Quum vero omnes cor» &ef , termin' 
poris (olidae paruculae excalfatfbe ad abfoluno» 
nem iam tut, eiufmodi febrem He&icam grarci 
vocant. ceu non amplius iam in humoribus & 
tpiritu: fcd in corporibus iys qua? habirus raub 
nemhaIxt,comprermifarn.Haxdoforisrftex 
S pers, 

DijiliuaoyGoOSk 



Indolrfccdxi pers. putant q> qui ea febricitant , omnino fc fe 

hc&as cairfa bre carere.necp enim fentiunt eius calotem.om 

nibus fcilicet eorum parobus tcque percaffacTis. 

Sed cVcouenit de fjs,hter raruralisfcientiaepro 

Doloris fofe fellbres in fjs quae de (enfibus produnt, Necp 

bribuscaufa, enim citra alteratione eft fenius.neotin tjs quae 

iam ad perfeclione funt aIterara,dofor.Itaqj ena 

heclicE febres omnes.tum finedolore (untitu 

nec fenfu ab his qui ipfis Iaborat,perceptae.No 

enim ex eorum paru'culis,ha;c agit harc paritur. 

quum omnes inter fe iam fimiles (int redditae , 

Hypophora ac vnicam habeant cSfenriente teperiem. Quod 

& (blutio, G alia earu calidior eft, alia frigidior: at certe ea# 

tenus eft frigidior, ut uicina nihil ofFendar.Alfc* 

oqui flc Iciiicet partes qux pro natura? modo (e 

habent:mutuo ft ofFenderet.vtpote qui fic falte 

temperamentis diflideant.Caro naqj calidapar« 

lnaequalitas tictdaeft,osfngidu.Cxtenimtamnarupamu, 

teperameti in cp rdiquaru omniu indolens inaequalitas eft,mo 

(anis indoles di exceuus merito . Sic nanque nec aer qui nos 

eft. ambic ,prius ofFendit: quam ad immodicu calo 

rem frigusue eft immutarus.Cuius alioqiri quae 

ia medio (unt differentias, tametlt numero(as,ac 

manifeftu excefTum inter fe habentes, eitra nox 

Hippo.dictu am (enrimus.Ex rjs ergo forcaue nec jllud durp 

eteiufde non dici videatur,quod Hippocrates alicubiaicOm 

nullapro» „ nemorbii vfcus eue.Quippe vlcus vnitatis eft 

babifiras. diuiHo, 



,,GoosIe 



Fo. 1«. 

diuifio.Iinmodicus vero calor ac frig'proxime 
»ccedunt,vt vnitate ioluant. plurimus quide ca 
lor,du fegregat ac diuidit lubftatiae counuitate. 
fummu vao frigus,tii ftipando tu introrlu» pa 
riter trudedo,qua:dam cxprimit,qua;d3 quaffat. 
Atcp huc quilpiam immodicicaloris ac trigoris 
termirm ftatuens,fortalTe no incomode (entiat . 
Seu veroTs liuealius immodici excelTus termi. Omneitnme 
nus cft,ccrte cofifterc omnc immoderatu rxcef dku rxcefiu 
fum in habitudine ad alkjuid,ia liquet.Non eni ad aliquid re, 
pari ratione a calidis frigidis qj afticit omne cor 
pus.Indc cj) fit ut aliqua antmaliu couenietes in* Animalium 
ter (c fuccos habeam.aliqua no fblu non coueni quseda coue 
(ntes,fcd ctiS qui fe mutuo corrupat.veluti ho nientcs,quac 
mo atqj vipera,quorum utriufqj fahua altericft dam contrari 
pemirics.Ita vdqj & fcorpm necaurris.fiiciu» osinterfefuc 
nus uTi infpueris, Ac non homo bomtnemorlu coshabcre. 
interemir.nec uipcra uiperam, nec afpu afpide. 
Siquidem quod fimile eft: id congruu amicucp 
eft. quod cotrariu eft, inimicu ac noxm. Auget' 
eni quidque ac nutrita limilib',perirait accornr 
pif a diffimilib^Itaqjenafanitatis tmda per fnri 
lia perficitur,morboru fuhbtio per c5taria.Vera 
de rjs alpeft fcrmo Hectki uero febre quseia Omne febrf 
habitucorporis occiipauit,mi'tiicfoit quiea labo prarterhecTi» 
ratReHquatufebriunuIlaequscnoabboriitelece alaborate 
tiaEiedauxmagisaJtxtrun^a^rotaufwgraues. lentiri, 
S t). Sum 

DijiliuaoyGoOgle 



Sunt « ij! &C qae rigore ingefam . fit titim id 

quocp iypmtoma, vefuti atia mutta ,ab ircrquali 

intemperie. Rationem tame generandi dus in £ 

pofito nbro tradere non cft ,priutcp de natura 

libus faailtaribus demoftratum fuerit, quot hx 

qualeicp fint,tum quid agerc quaecR fit nata.Ve 

rii in libris de fymptomatu cauus.de onibus a« 

getur. Scd rcumor ad inarquahs intemperameri 

difFcrerias. Nam quemadmodu ra phlegmone 

febris nalcatur.tum quod febris omnis ac phle 

gmone omnis.prarter h«!ticas,cx morbis fint, 

quibus inarqualis fit intcmpcrtes:di(Su iam eft. 

Inaequal» in Porro accendi tebre cVcitfa phlcgmonc cx fbtis 

teprramrnu humoribus putrrlcenubus licet. Necp enim ea 

generandi ua lolum que mculcata liint, cV perfpiratu prohibi» 

rix rauoncs. ra, putrelcunt. verucderiter ca,max,mecB.Csete 

ru putrefcunt &atiamutta,quxputrediniiunt 

opportuna. Dicetur vero de horu opportunita 

tc alioloco. Iam alio quocp generetnarqualis ori 

ri intemperies in toto corpore poteft. modo ftw 

liginolb vapore dctento. modo exercitationibus 

& plulculis taboribus catoreadaucto, modo ab 

ira.quu lariguis immoderati' feruecmodo ex de 

uftione quauis extcrna, incalefcit. Porro cjcl' etta 

th his oib' febrib',no lecus cjj m phlegmonis fi> 

pra eft dicTu , tum pro uiribus efFeflricis caufar, 

tu^p corporis fpfius afFeiSudijmagis febriciiet, 

alfjmfnu, 

D,jil,naoyGoOgIe 



Fo. bou 

alij mmus,alfjhaud quaqs, apcrtum eflir arbitror. 
Aeo^everooquodititeperiesipfarwnucijfpiri» 
tuc6tatxuinuadit(ubfbntia,no™iu^ip(bseaa 
uiccos,daruid quocn reor. Sednecminus dhid, 
Cjuod omnibus huniunodi febribus fitraxerint, 
hec^tkafurxrueniet.larncplcrrnonofter^pperno 
dumoftcdit,iiixcjualehancinteperiealiquIdoex 
caUda,frigidave (ubftatia,qu3r in particuB aliqua 
influat, acciderc.vdunui his fiebat,quospnle« 
gnranxinfeftat.Serjenoftaiiedipfacorporistern Corporist? * 
perieinquau*taternutata.tuniquodalterantiu ea, peries quado 
qusedam ortu habeant ab ipib corpore, quardam extrin(ecus,et 
earin(e<^.vucBquucxputrec!inetantualiqua,veIquandointer 
pUegmoneexcttaturfebris^ibipfocorpore.quu ne altcrerur. 
abvftioevelexereitati6e,extrin(ec' > .Diceturaute 
et de his fuuus in morboru cau£s . Tancp aute ex 
dVuftioeaccediffebris^Iteratovidelicetcorporis 
teperamento:iude nonullifepe exfrigorerefrige 
raritorocorporeveherr^^iterlut.auquivcroefiam 
perierum.Iamquodhioeseliadoleayieidquide 
latet Porro dolent et quiex rigore ingeti vehemen 
terpnfrigerau.celeriterfeleexcalracerepropera» 
rununuld cp eoru quu fubito ac fimul manus rgnt 
admouerut,(ngmtedrcavnguiumradicefemiunt 
dolore. Etquil^quurSluculirtervideatimeperie 
inaequaledoloriseffecaulam.eriadeinternisdo» 
loribus dub itet,aut miretur, quo pado citra phle» 
S ifj. gmone 



«wGoosk 



gmonf <ubindeueIlaxioKinteftino,cjuCKjCciion 
grxct uoeat,ud dencibus,urj alia quauis parucula 
hominesdofcalfNainnKjtaffiuUuimrabilccft, 



Curaliquifi» tanmialiqui. Qyippcflpituctofusfuccusquit 

mulrigeant, gtduscft.quccp Praxagoras uitreumappellat,et 

« febricitent. amarabilisqua;calidarft,firnidaburident,acpcr 

(endbiliamebra moueantur: nihilmiri cft utrucpa 

oibateparirnrxlo(crrdn\Necncnifnu'hoicmiub 

rok teruido ftatuas^t aquaiHi figidainfudaSjfierf 

poteft,tttriolirriultta(bIecabrcm,ttabaquam'« 

gusientiat. Vr™hoccafaa1»extriiileciBiut,nec 

Inhcpia!ifcurpafuispc»ticmiDtisirKidut.[nfcbribusquashepi 

&ig' ct calor alos uocat, tuab intcrno, tumeiiguis porrtoibus. 

firnul (cuant. eocpunfaeHucc^usambolenureuidetur. Qu5 

mitmuifliniisrxmiuculisafrjerfupercorpusruni 

caHdufittufngidu:nuilatcnlileaIteriusrx)raijru« 

lamitapannddumas^C|noakerulitcopr<Efic(u. 

In accefflonu Impfa tameacceftionis inuafione^liqui tcbriciti» 

inualfeef^riuutumrgcm,tuuerofebricitat,tuarnbofeittiut, 

dtatefaliquos frigusimodicu, «caloreu™ .Verunoeodr loco. 

frig'etcalore QmppequupotnntquaceiKarfactaefuntpancs, 

flmul(etfre. inariiteearetrigetatisditcernere.Namitusetin 

ipfis utfceribus caloreienriut. In externis parubus 

InLtpyrrjs uniucTfrsfngus.TalespcrpctuofebresfutetquEe 

uttuqt pcrpe gratce Lipyriae uocatur.Pnercrea quodds ardetiu 

tuoitautiac» febri3rK™dolugcn'.Quodigif inbisitiaiorib'' 

ceflioibus (e» porriontbus 

riri 

D,jil,naoyGoOgIe 



i Fo. .Ixxif. 

porrioib 9 accidit,hoc tn hepialis cotingtt minutis. 
lna>qualis naq? d l rt haru iebrtu iteperies,ied nec 
min'rcliquam oim. rxceptis mhcAids. Quietia Aliquos rigc 
rjsquirigent,nectarrKfcbridtat,inaEquafetcpcra rencc tameii 
meiitucft. Rarutarneeft id fymptotna. Caaerii febricirarcRa 
inddittummulieribus, tumquibufdaaliquadoui tumcpicl. 
ris.Daber autooTno defes prseceflifle uita.autcer 
te tibofu copia longtore ipatto boiu pfifli^ex qui* 
bus tatd is.fr^idus, crudus, Bc pituitofus nalcac 
(uccus.qualeTcilicetPraxagoras uitreu exiftimat. 
PoiroantiquitusneoKJtutuidetMtaeftaflfefius, Symptoapri 
utqui nec adeoocioli.necin uicSus faturitate ui» fcis(vtviclef ) 
uerent.Inde cpfaeSu eft.utfcriplerint atiquitne» ignotti.etajr 
dki, rigori febrem neccflario luperuenire. Veru* 
tamemmriosipfi,tumaIniunioru medicoru no 
pauci,Iepetjumerouidimtr3rigore,quenuBafe# 
cuta fitfebris .Porro copoitexhacintepefic,et ea 
t^febriatatffi eft.HepialiB . appeHo ita febre Hepialos 
iilam.cuiamboiemperacciclunt. Atinquarigor quse vocet 
qutde rxxcedit,febris fequit urfmtin ferttanis & 
qttanaaisriancbepiaiunovoco.ItaexdirpiVciinar 
qualiiMe^ehepjaiiBeorjonit EnS aUarfebres 
pnetei h«aicasTere oes. Simili genere qtti parti 
cuIataKcuitiscnrurrioreraorbiftinr^cpocpoes 
pertdeac phlegmonae, cum inteperameroiraequa 
li confirKt.C^cer,Eri(ipeIiH, CarbucuI',Herpes 
Tumor Phagedma, Gagrena. Quippe comune 
fjsomnibus 

l!0itrre:,GoOCl|c 



ijj otb» eft.vt ex fluxioe liuoru Cut orta.Oi fljdct 

ineoquodau^expimito(o,aliiexbiliofo,velmela 
cholico fiicco, alij ex faguinc vd cabdo, Vel fcnui, 
veIbullicnte,vdmgido,vdcraflb,vdalioquopiJ 
gcnere affecto fianr.Dedarabiturenialiolocode 
horu mebratim difFerenaa ddigerer. Quod ad pro 
pofitam difccptatione pertinet, hoc tantO dixtfle 
abunde eft.quod quakfciiq? cft fluxio,radem ra» 
tic«e,que^praediflon1affefluucreat,qijaprius 
excalida et ianguinca phkgmoiimgigru moilra. 
uimus.Sednon minusctiaiimilanu,aclfmpliau, 
pninoracpinipcOTpciruungula.ficafluxioeafFe 
<3a,ad tnaequalcm inteperie deueniet. Caetcru <x 
trinfecus proreumatisrauone calefa<3a,refrige» 
rata,ltccata,Vdhumeclata.penirusetinprofudo 
norK)uiiniilucraftcfla.Quod(itoopcrtotamu» 
taDalteratacpfimifiutquideilhcoadcikmlibera, 
mdffidKtarrieltccSftitunumtftatu.Hecpraeno 
uiflehis quiopus demedicamaisiutpercepturi, 
etpoftidnvdendimemcKlum^ibundeniihifatis 
Vidctur. .!. ,', 

FintsTen^dcTemperamentis 

Tboma Linacro Anglo 

Interpretc 



,,Goosk 



INDBX ERRATORVM Fo. Ixrfij. 

Folio.Pagia.Vcrlu. Lege. FoIioPagia.Ver<u.Lege. 
Piio.icda.viij. huiduaUqcf ix. i. iiij. artioilaru qj 



x. i. x,eniau.idee,aut 
«'. i. xirj.rrigidoc|j 
xi. i. xuri.caiorucorporu 
xxii).alt(ruabfolu 
xv.udfpcde (to 
xxvrj.quemerxce 
xrj.i. xxrj.tes.Infpede 
xxirj.Genrre vero 
iirj. fariarn dicaotur 
xxirj .aliquo ea fu. 
xvi. enfm alioruud 



i. 



i. rj. xvirj. Iia qs 

rj. i. vlri. papaueris 

ij.rj.xrj. eaoratio 

rj. ij. xiir).lore,opponem 

irj. i. xxi.eodf corporcco 

irj. ij. xxurj.Ergoeequide 

iirj. i. xxi. hacpotuerunt 

iirj. jj. iirj. aflidue feciatur xij. i 

iii). rj. xurj. teperatu, Atcp xrj.rj. 

efy i\. .xvi. certofcio xrrj.rj 

V. i. v. . in eo cali. xvi. rj. 

V. J). vrj. porro indicare xviij. rj. xrj.ct xirjjxxicia 

V. rj. xij.rrifulhumeciiuu xix.i. virj. ad humidoru 

V. rj. xnij. taliseftnatura: xix.i. xx. Gcdtadsirnagi. 
vi. i. xvirj.appareret, & xix.rj vi erBcere,ut 

VU i. xix. vrrino^po. xx. i. xiiij.racergo opor. 

VI. i. xxv.humidiuseft xx. i. xvirj.fpebusnoran£ 
vi. rj. xix. invnaeadeqtre xx. rj. i. modoaraliuge. 
vtj. rj. xx. inteperature c5 xx. tj. vrj. inomrrifpedc 
virj.i. xiitj.innaruraliter xxi, rj, xix raclu rame (an 
vir). i. xvirj. afliduelargif xxij, i. irj. comingic 
virj.i. xxvi.ambuftus xxij.i. xxLpenrnent 
Virj.rj. x. teperiesc$cpue xxrj.rj. xrj.erxiij.al[er3 cjuar 
dquteteperaa rescduTxmile xxri.ij. xrfj (ftnutdfctucd 



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xxrj ij. xxu!>inditiucjj 

xxiiji. v. ineodemfimt, 

xxirj.i. vij iiuiiitnorum 

xxirj.i. ix. dcmortui. 
xrii).i. xvij. tnoitua collata 

xrirj.i). ix. eft teperatiflia 

xxlij. ij. xirj. neccuiufcjj . 

xxrij.ij. xix.ru adugueap. 

xxiirj.i. ix.mcuib'oprimis 

xxu'rj.i. xiirjjiig.os, cuin. 

xxBrj.ij. vrj paricurinfans 

xxv.rj, i. cofirmcnt. 

xxvii. vi« et faguificatio 

xxvi.ij. xv. exincocrisci. 

xxvi.ij. xxvrj.or>»rcqueant 

xxvii.rj. xx. experria,anal. 

xxvrj.i). xxirj.eftiftorufi. 

xxvirj.i. irj.dik]uiutiojieuda. 

xxvirj.i. xvirj. liore putant 

xxvifj.i. xxirj. lim.Sm de 
xxvirj.fj. xiij. defciuilTea 

xxx. i. i, interpretabor. 

xxx. rj. xi. &mediocrite. 

xxx.rj. xx. tumcaiorem. 

xxxii. v. peraftacluaf 

xxxirj, ix. eftiudex 

xxxuj. nv.CtduractuL 



Rbfcq.Pagia.Verlu.Lege. 

xxxij: i. xviij.habet oflnim 
xxxiij.fj. xrj. tcperametafe. 
xxxirj.rj. xvi.quipiguesfu. 
xxxiirj. i. xix, leue, ette 
xxxiitj.i. xxrj. vcrce extra fe 
xxxii|j.i, xxvi. Nifi iicubi 
xxxurj.i. vlti. vitaidulgetior 
xxxv. ij. ix. t8ta ep (accedcs 
xxxvi. rj. i. Siquidc nec ex 
xxxvrj.ijv. teporecopli. 
xxxvij. ij. virj. quod hicqua 
tum fpiflatum eft, tantum 
xxxvij.rj. xxij, Rufus fieuti 
xxxvirj.i. irj, protinus 
xxxvifj. tj. xvirj.&imbeciKos 
xxxix.i.xxvrj. nonperuenit 
xxjdx.rj. vi. acalorepro 
xxxix.rj. virj. cu ienefcut, a 
xxxix.rj. xxi.corp'inalijs 
xxxixij. xxrj. effeinalijs 
xxxix.rj. xxur).finthuidoiw 
xl. i. xi.alrjs vara.Aru». 
xl. i. xiirj. fcoptulxiHis 
xl. i. xv. nudicp plane 
xl. i. xvij.Quatopereaute 
xli. i, ij. ^pcedete vero 
xF. i. xir|. cunl.timidiqj 



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FoIioPi^&Vcrlu.Lege 
xli. i. XV. fiunt.udem 
xli. rj. • vij. abcxternoca» 
lorc attract' ,pdut no p5t ex 
xltj. ij. rj. autehicrurfii 
xtij. i). irj. aliude cofluat 
xlirj.i. vki. pemeniret 
xhrj. rj xx harequodvbi 
xliii). i. xvij. perpedetibus 
xlv. ij. xxirj. teftae eft adlt 
milis.lammalacoftaca 
xlvi.i. xV. Adeurnodu. 
xlvi.i. vlti Caacrucuid 
jdvrj.t|. xxi. tuadlibroidc 
medicainctis.tu ad medendi 
xlvirj.rj. xrj. indicetur.qd' 
xlix. n. i. inignemutato 
xb'x.rj. iirj. facileaaedun£ 
I. U vrj. tameiamfieri 
L i. xirj temalias,mo. 
I. rj iirj. turignisni. 
li. i. rj. fcorp'vnaquaIibet 
li. i. irj. ratti.idquod. 
I>. 1. firj necipfumhoc 
'■• i. V. ' abiplbmutat 



Folio.Pagiria.VerfuXege. 
li. i. vi. necvncp 
li.' i. vrj. fiiBudmuta 
Kiq.i. xxi. &qux 
liitj. tj. x. ficertorume. 
liirj. rj. xiiij, rii certisacce. 
Kirj.rj, xx. eacjivt 
Iv. i. fj. adferat 
Iv. u iiy ckndoiuuet 
tV. i vi. |alrpteporec6. 
Ivi. rj, vrj. noneominus 
Ivrj. i. rj. ineuquiccp 
Ivrj. i. xx, qutipla, 
lviij. ij.' xirft). cpi ratioe 10 . 
fad, i, xv calorequcYam 
Wt. i. xvii). casmaifeftccaJe. 
'•'■«'rj. t. tirf. Imotanrumih 
Ixirj i. v. aperfudedoe 
lxnj. i. xxiirj ad liima cor. 
Ixirj. i. xxvi. imticiu vero 
ac documentum quod frigida 
Ixifj. rj. xxfj. cx acddenti 
bmrj. fj, xvi. veadmotuvc. 
Ixiitj.fj. xvq. hominf potc. 
ftatecalidum 



ImprcJTuinapudpneclaran, Cantabrigiampcr 
loannemSibrrch. Anno.M.D. XXI. 



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