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Full text of "The garden month by month; describing the appearance, color, dates of bloom, height and cultivation of all desirable, hardy herbaceous perennials for the formal or wild garden with additional lists of aquatics, vines, ferns, etc."

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY 

OF 





CFTHE 

iV O F 
Vc, 




THE GARDEN 

MONTH BY MONTH 



DESCRIBING 

the appearance, color, dates of bloom, 
height and cultivation of all desirable, 
HARDY HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS 

for the formal or wild garden, with addi- 
tional lists of aquatics, vines, ferns, etc. 



BY 

MABEL CABOT SEDGWICK 



Assisted by 

ROBERT CAMERON 

Gardener of the Harvard Botanical Gardens 



With over two hundred half-tone engravings from 
photographs of growing plants, and a chart in colors ; ; v 



THIRD EDITION 

NEW YORK 

FREDERICK A. STOKES COMPANY 

PUBLISHERS 



or THE 
JJNIVERSITV 



Copyright, 
BY FREDERICK A. STOKES COMPANY 



TO 
W. C. C. AND E. R. C. 



I 



09684 



ERRATA 

p. 5, for Galdnthus plicatus read Leucojum vernutn. 
p. 17, for Leucojum vernum read Leucojum cestivum. 

pp. 27 and 101 for Erysimum ochroleucrum read Erysimum 
ochroleucum. 

p. 153, under Polemonium reptans var. Himalayanum the height 
should be given as 1-2 feet. 

p. 180, under Lilium candidum, the height should be given as 
3-5 feet. 

pp. 200 and 304, the reference to Leontopodium Alpinum or 
Edelweiss should be listed under whitish, not under yellow. 

p. 203, under Linaria Dalmdtica the height should be given as 
i-3 feet. 

p. 204, under CEnothera fruticdsa var. Fraseri for species read 
variety. 

pp. 282, 347 and 449, under Delphinium grandiflorum and var. 
album the height should be given as 1-2 feet. 

p. 326, under Tritonia crocosm&ndra for watering read win- 
tering. 

pp. 401 and 453, under Lilium speciosum and var. Melpomene 
the height should be given as 2-4 feet. 



PREFACE 

O P erf etui Fiori del Eterna Letizia 

IT is prudent perhaps for many of us to have our pleasure gardens 
shaped for us by an expert wiser than we may hope to be. A trained 
eye, long study of old forms, and that knowledge which is born only of 
experience, make possible a beauty of outline and insure a perfection of 
detail in a project which in the minds of most of us is a desire rather than 
a definite conception. Yet he who truly loves his garden will not relin- 
quish altogether the happy task of creating it. For him it is the centre of 
bright imaginings. He dreams of it asleep and awake, until from among 
the multitude of his thoughts there flashes some happy vision finished in 
all things, like the completed picture which the painter sees on the white 
canvas before him. Quickly before it fades he rushes to his task. But 
to the amateur, garden catalogues are often a snare and most books a de- 
lusion. Search as he may, these helpers serve him little, and as he struggles 
to find the appropriate flowers with which to paint his picture, the gay 
vision fades and confusion and discouragement ensue. 

It is for this gardener that I have made this book and offer it as a full 
palette, to enable him the more readily to paint the picture as he sees it, 
and save him the discouragement of looking in a thousand places for a 
thousand bits of information. However small a part of the garden it may 
be that he himself plans, he will look upon that portion with a kindlier 
eye, and find more in it to love and enjoy than all the rest of the garden 
has to offer. 

With this book I wish my gardener joy of his experiments, and if he 
fails to make his garden altogether as he has imagined it, may he have a fancy 
quick to suggest new visions; for in the possibilities of change lies the im- 
perishable charm of gardens. Forever through past experience shine the 
bright alluring pictures of the future. 

vii 



PREFACE 

The plan of this book is simple. The plants are arranged in the order 
of the months in which they bloom, while for the reader's convenience a 
plant which flowers in more months than one is listed afresh in each appro- 
priate month, though the full description of its habit and the directions 
for its culture are given only where it makes its first appearance. 

In the great majority of cases, the dates of bloom are taken from 
personal observations in the vicinity of Boston. The season about New 
York is, generally speaking, about ten days earlier. A rough and ready 
calculation allows six days' difference to every degree of latitude. 

Yet in this matter of the date of bloom the reader must understand 
that nothing like exactness is possible. All that can be claimed is the 
representation of a fair average. The season of bloom is very irregular, 
often varying as much as a fortnight in the, spring. But though early 
dates may vary, by June first all irregularities seem to disappear, and the 
reader can be confident that whatever are the dates of bloom, the succession 
of bloom remains invariable. 

As the plants are divided according to the months in which they first 
bloom, so they are subdivided according to color. In each month's list of 
blooming plants there are nine color groups, including " parti-colored," i.e., 
those plants in which each blossom is variegated, and " various," i.e., those 
in which the color of the blossoms vary. 

Since color is the chief glory of a garden, much stress has been laid 
upon it throughout the preparation of the book. Almost every flower 
mentioned has been accurately compared with the appended color chart, 
and in the column devoted to that purpose it bears its appropriate color 
number, while above this in quotation marks is the color ascribed to it by 
some reliable authority. 

The reader must remember, however, that with matters of color it is 
much as with matters of taste. One may call the wood violet purple and 
another insist that it is blue, while red fades so insensibly into pink, and 
yellow blends so imperceptibly into orange, that he is an artist indeed who 
can define the precise point where one becomes the other. It must also 
be borne in mind that the same flower may vary in color in different 
localities and the same plant may put forth blossoms of varying shades. 
And yet, though you may quarrel with the division lines, they are just in 
the main and are not further wrong than others might well be. 

A word or two is needed concerning the comprehensiveness of this 

viii 



PREFACE 

book. Annuals have not been included, as their dates depend altogether 
upon the time when their seed is sown. Of biennials but few are mentioned; 
but of hardy perennials it can fairly be said that all are included which de- 
serve a place in the garden proper, in the rock or wild garden, or which are 
worthy of naturalization; and of tender perennials a few that should find a 
place in every garden have been added. Large estates as well as small gar- 
dens are increasing so rapidly throughout the country and so many new 
and unfamiliar plants have come to enlarge the gardener's choice, that it 
has seemed best to make this book offer all which the most varied taste 
could wish for beautifying a great estate; but it is selection rather than 
variety which the small gardener needs, and for his sake such plants as are 
especially serviceable or exceptionally to be desired are marked with a 
single or double asterisk. 

The details of this book have been almost infinite in number, and my 
best thanks are due to all who have helped me: To Mr. Robert Cameron, 
of the Harvard Botanical Gardens, for revision of all facts mentioned in 
the book and for much valuable assistance; to Prof. Benjamin Watson, of 
Harvard, for advice and encouragement; to Mr. L. T. Ernst for observing 
many of the dates of flowering; to Miss Louisa-B. Stevens and Miss Turner 
for the preparation of the color chart and, with the assistance of Miss Edith 
May, for the skilful comparison of colors; to Miss Rose Standish Nichols, 
who has conducted the book through the press; to Messrs. John L. 
Gardner, J. S. Lee and J. Woodward Manning for many admirable photo- 
graphs which I should have gone far to secure elsewhere; and to Miss 
Elizabeth Dean for much devoted work. To all of these I feel greatly in- 
debted for their real interest and assistance, and in a special sense I wish to 
record the gratitude with which I shall always remember the unselfish and 
unremitting assistance and encouragement given me by Miss Pauline 
Brigham. 

For the rest I only hope that this book may help to make more gardens 
lovely and more gardeners content. 

M. C. S., 
BROOKLINE, MASS., Nov., 1906. 



CONTENTS 



Page 
PREFACE : - , . vii 

MARCH . . .... 3 

APRIL . . .11 

MAY . . 7i 

JUNE . . . . . . . . i67 

JULY . . 274 

AUGUST '..'.*.'*'. -375 

SEPTEMBER . . . . . .416 

THE BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS . . . .... . .446 

A FEW WATER PLANTS OR AQUATICS . . . . . . .458 

SOME BOG GARDEN OR MARSH PLANTS . 466 

SOME PLANTS CONSPICUOUS FOR THEIR FOLIAGE 472 

A FEW SELECTED VINES AND CLIMBERS ... . . . .479 

! A FEW OF THE BEST FERNS .... . . . . .486 

I SUPPLEMENTARY LISTS . . . . * . . . . . .489 

INDEX OF BOTANICAL AND ENGLISH NAMES . 493 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

{For English Names of Flowers^ see Index) 

A GARDEN OF FLOWERS IN FULL BLOOM Frontispiece 

Page 

EARLIEST SPRING FLOWERS: GALANTHUS NIVALIS AND ERANTHIS HYEMALIS . 2 
Photograph by John L. Gardner 

A. GALANTHUS PLICATUS. B. GALANTHUS ELWESII 5 

Photographs by John L. Gardner 

A. HELLEBORUS NIGER. B. CROCUS VARS. ... ... . . .6 

A. IRIS RETICULATA VAR. KRELAGI. B. CHIONADOXA LUCILI^). C. SCILLA 

SIBIRICA. Photographs by John L. Gardner . . . . . . .9 

AN APRIL LANDSCAPE. Photograph by John L. Gardner 10 

A. ANEMONE SYLVESTRIS. B. ARABIS ALBIDA. Photographs by John L. Gardner . 13 

A. FRITILLARIA MELEAGRIS. VAR ALBA. B. DICENTRA CUCULLARIA . . 14 
Photographs by John L. Gardner 

LEUCOJUM VERNUM. ORNITHOGALUM NUTANS. Photographs by John L. Gardner. 17 

PHLOX SUBULATA VAR. ALBA . . , ,; 18 

SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS . . ... * 21 

VIOLA CANADENSIS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 22 

ALYSSUM SAXATILE. Photograph by John L. Gardner > 25 

ERYTHRONIUM AMERICANUM. Photograph by John L. Gardner . . . .26 

NARCISSUS INCOMPARABILIS "SIR WATKIN". Photograph by John L. Gardner . 29 

A. NARCISSUS LEEDSII. B. NARCISSUS JONQUILLA * 30 

Photographs by John L. Gardner 

NARCISSUS PSEUDO-NARCISSUS, DOUBLE VAR. Photograph by John L. Gardner . 33 

A. PRIMULA OFFICINALIS. B. TROLLIUS ASIATICUS 34 

Photograph by John L. Gardner 

AQUILEGIA CANADENSIS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 37 

TULIPA GREIGI. Photograph by John L. Gardner 38 

BELLIS PERENNIS AND NARCISSUS POETICUS. Photograph by John L. Gardner . 41 

ARMERIA ALPINA. Photograph by John L. Gardner 42 

ERYTHRONIUM DENS-CANIS 45 

PHLOX PROCUMBENS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 46 

SAXIFRAGA CORDIFOLIA. Photograph by John L. Gardner 49 

MERTENSIA PULMONARIOIDES 50 

xiii 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

MUSCARI BOTRYOIDES. Photograph by John L. Gardner .... 

A. PHLOX STELLARIA. B. PULMONARIA SACCHARATA 
Photographs by John L. Gardner 

FRITILLARIA IMPERIALIS. Photograph by John L. Gardner .... 

A. PRIMULA POLYANTHA. B. FRITILLARIA MELEAGRIS .... 
Photographs by John L. Gardner 

SINGLE HYACINTHS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 

PRIMULA POLYANTHA. Photograph by John L. Gardner ..... 

TULIPS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 

TULIPA "YELLOW PRINCE". Photograph by John L. Gardner .... 

SINGLE PARTI-COLORED TULIPS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 

A MAY BORDER. Photograph by John L. Gardner 

A. ANEMONE PENNSYLVANIA. B. ANEMONE NEMEROSA .... 
Photographs by John L. Gardner 

CONVALLARIA MAJALIS . '. '. V 

IRIS FLORENTINA. NARCISSUS POETICUS. Photographs by J. W. Manning . 

LEUCOJUM jESTIVUM AND TULIPA "WHITE SWAN" 

Photograph by John L. Gardner 

NARCISSUS PSEUDO-NARCISSUS VAR. MOSCHATUS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 

ORNITHOGALUM UMBELLATUM. TRADESCANTIA VTRGINICA VAR. ALBA . 
Photographs by J. W. Manning 

PAPAVER ALPINUM. Photograph by John L. Gardner 

SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS v. . . 

A. STELLARIA HOLOSTEA. B. SHORTIA GALACIFOLIA 

TRILLIUM GRANDIFLORUM. Photograph by John L. Gardner . 
CYPRIPEDIUM PUBESCENS. Photograph by John L. Gardner .... 
CYPRIPEDIUM PUBESCENS. Photograph by John L. Gardner .... 

HYPOXIS ERECTA. NARCISSUS INCOMPARABILIS STELLA .... 
Photographs by J. W. Manning 

EUPHORBIA MYRSINITES. Photograph by John L. Gardner .... 
RANUNCULUS FICARIA. Photograph by John L. Gardner . . 

SPRING FLOWERS. Photograph by John L. Gardner . ... 

A. TULIPA SYLVESTRIS. B. TULIPA RETROFLEXA . . . 

Photograph by John L. Gardner 

UVULARIA PERFOLIATA AND VIOLA BLANDA ... 
TULIPA DIDIERI. Photograph by John L. Gardner . ... 

A. DIANTHUS DELTOIDES. B. DAPHNE CNEORUM 
DICENTRA SPECTABILIS. Photograph by John L. Gardner 

SCILLA HISPANICA VAR. ROSEA. Photograph by John L. Gardner . ,. . 

xiv 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

Page 
ASTER ALPINUS . 129 

DODECATHEON MEADIA. Photograph by John L. Gardner 130 

GERANIUM MACULATUM. ERIGERON BELLIDIFOLIUS 133 

A. AND B. IRIS VERSICOLOR. C. IRIS PUMILA 4 .134 

VIOLA CORNUTA VARS. AND PHLOX PROCITMBENS 137 

Photograph by John L. Gardner 

POLEMONIUM C^ERULEUM. Photograph by John L. Gardner 138 

AMSONIA TABERN^MONTANA. Photograph by John L. Gardner . . . .143 

BAPTISIA AUSTRALIS 144 

HOUSTONIA C^RULEA , . . . .147 

LINUM PERENNE . .. . . . .148 

MYOSOTIS PALUSTRIS VAR. SEMPERFLORENS. Photograph by John L. Gardner . 151 

A. VERONICA GENTIANOIDES. B. POLEMONIUM REPTANS . . . . .152 
Photographs by John L. Gardner 

IRIS GERMANICA ". . . ... 157 

PJEONIA MOUTAN. Photograph by J. W. Manning . , * .- . . . .158 

LATE TULIPS. Photograph by John L. Gardner . -. . '. . . .161 

TULIPA "DARWIN" AND MYOSOTIS ALPESTRIS. Photograph by John L. Gardner . 162 
TULIPA GESNERIANA VAR. DRACONTIA. Photograph by John L. Gardner . .165 
A JUNE BORDER ...... . v . ., . . .166 

ASTILBE JAPONICA. Photograph by James S. Lee v ... .. ' . V . . 169 

CAMPANULA PERSICIFOLIA VAR. ALBA. Photograph by James S. Lee . . . 170 

CORNUS CANADENSIS ., . V . . . 175 

DIGITALIS PURPUREA VARS. Photograph by James S. Lee . . * . . .176 

LILIUM CANDIDUM -. . . . . .181 

LUPINUS POLYPHYLLUS VARS. Photograph by James S. Lee . . . . . 182 
MITCHELLA REPENS . . . . . v * . . . .185 
POLYGONATUM MULTIFLORUM. Photograph by John L. Gardner . . . .186 
A. SMILACINA RACEMOSA. B. VIOLA PED ATA VAR. ALBA. C. VIOLA CANADENSIS . 191 
YUCCA FILAMENTOSA. Photograph by James S. Lee v " . . . . .192 

HEMEROCALLIS FLAVA 201 

LILIUM CANADENSE VAR. FLAVUM . . 202 

PHLOMIS TUBEROSA. LYSIMACHIA PUNCTATA. Photographs by John L. Gardner . 205 

A. CENOTHERA FRUTICOSA. B. PAP AVER NUDICAULE 206 

Photographs by John L. Gardner 

LILIUM ELEGANS. Photograph by James S. Lee 215 

LILIUM MACULATUM. Photograph by James S. Lee 216 

PAPAVER ORIENTALE. Photograph by James S. Lee 219 

xv 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

Page 

JUNE LANDSCAPE ............. 220 

DIANTHUS PLUMARIUS VARS 225 

EREMURUS ROBUSTUS 226 

CAMPANULA CARPATICA 235 

CAMPANULA GLOMERATA. Photograph by James S. Lee 236 

IRIS GERMANICA 243 

IRIS SIBIRICA 244 

PRIMULA JAPONICA. Photograph by John L. Gardner . . . . . .247 

STACHYS BETONICA . . . 248 

AQUILEGIA C^RULEA. Photograph by John L. Gardner 251 

DELPHINIUM FORMOSUM . 252 

DELPHINIUM HYBRIDUM 255 

IRIS XIPHIUM 256 

MYOSOTIS SYLVATICA. Photograph by John L. Gardner 259 

AQUILEGIA FLABELLATA. Photograph by John L. Gardner 260 

CAMPANULA MEDIUM 265 

DIANTHUS BARBATUS. Photograph by James S. Lee 266 

IRIS L^VIGATA. Photograph by James S. Lee 269 

P^EONIA VARS 270 

A MIDSUMMER GARDEN 275 

ACHILLEA PTARMICA VAR. "THE PEARL" 276 

CAMPANULA PUNCTATA 279 

CIMICIFUGA RACEMOSA . . 280 

LILIUM AURATUM 287 

PLATYCODON GRANDIFLORUM VAR. ALBUM. LYCHNIS CHALCEDONICA VAR. ALBA 288 

COREOPSIS GRANDIFLORA. Photograph by James S. Lee 297 

COREOPSIS LANCEOLATA 298 

HELIANTHUS MOLLIS 301 

HYPERICUM MOSERIANUM 302 

RANUNCULUS REPENS VAR. FLORE-PLENO. Photograph by John L. Gardner . 307 

RUDBECKIA SPECIOSA 308 

SOLID AGO SEMPERVIRENS. Photograph by James S. Lee 311 

THALICTRUM FLAVUM 312 

VERBASCUM OLYMPICUM. Photograph by James S. Lee 315 

ASCLEPIAS TUBEROSA 316 

HEMEROCALLIS FULVA AND PHLOX PANICULATA. Photograph by James S. Lee . 319 

LILIUM TIGRINUM 320 

xvi 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

Page 
TRITONIA CROCOSM^FLORA. Photograph by James S. Lee 327 

CORONILLA VARIA 328 

ACANTHUS MOLLIS VAR. LATIFOLIUS 335 

ACONITUM UNCINATUM 336 

ECHINOPS RITRO. ERYNGIUM AMETHYSTINUM 349 

PENTSTEMON GLABER . . .350 

LILIUM BROWNI. Photograph by James S. Lee 355 

ALTHAEA ROSEA 356 

CACTUS DAHLIA 361 

DECORATIVE DAHLIA. QUILLED DAHLIA . . 362 

GLADIOLUS VARS * - . . . .367 

IRIS LJEVIGATA. Photograph by James S. Lee . . . . . . . 368 

PHLOX PANICULATA . . . . .373 

"A SHADY WALK IS PLEASANT IN AUGUST" f . . . |j f . . 374 

BOLTONIA ASTEROIDES , >..-. . r ; . . .377 

EUPATORIUM AGERATOIDES . .378 

SEDUM SPECTABILE. Photograph by James S. Lee . i; ,...._- - -399 
LILIUM SPECIOSUM VAR. RUBRUM . . . ... .,,. . . . .400 

ASTER NOVJE ANGLIC . .405 

STOKESIA CYANEA . . . . . .406 

AUTUMN ........ ^ ; .; 417 

ANEMONE JAPONICA VAR. ALBA . . . / 418 

A. HELIANTHUS GIGANTEUS. B. ASTER TURBINELLUS . . . . .423 

HELIANTHUS ORGYALIS 424 

KNIPHOFIA ALOIDES , 429 

ANEMONE JAPONICA 430 

HEUCHERA SANGUINEA Photograph by James S. Lee 433 

ASTER NOVJE ANGLIC . . . . . 434 

GENTIANA CRINITA 441 

SINGLE AND DOUBLE HARDY CHRYSANTHEMUMS 442 

CALTHA PALUSTRIS 459 

NELUMBIUM SPECIOSUM 460 

3ARRACENIA PURPUREA 467 

LOBELIA CARDINALIS AND VARIOUS FERNS 468 

:LEMATIS PANICULATA 477 

WISTARIA CHINENSIS . 478 



XVll 




THE GARDEN 
MONTH BY MONTH 




MARCH 


WHITE 


Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation' 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Chionod6xa 


Pretty bulbous plant somewhat re- 


3-6 in. 


Mid. 




GLORY OF 


Lucfliae 


sembling the Squill. Ten or twelve 


Sun or 


Mar. to 




THE SNOW 


var. alba 


flowers on each stem. Lance-shaped 


half 


early 








leaves. Plant in border or rock-gar- 


shade 


May 








den. Prop, by seed and offsets. Well- 












drained loam. Asia Minor. 






"White" 


CROCUS 


**Crdcusvars. 


See color "various," page 8. 




Mid. 












Mar. to 












late 












Apr. 


"White" 


GIANT 
SNOWDROP 


**Galanthus 

Elwesii 


Large handsome species; flowers 
more globular than G. Nivalis. Bul- 


6-12 in. 
Sun or 


Mar., 
Apr. 








bous. Prop, by offsets in autumn. 


half 










Any ordinary garden soil. Mts. of 


shade 










Asia Minor. See Plate, page 5. 






"White" 


COMMON 
SNOWDROP 


**Galanthus 
nivalis 


A charming plant with drooping 
blossoms. Blooms whenever the snow 


4-6 in. 
Sun or 


** 








leaves the ground. Plant in quantity 


half 










on the lawn, in borders or under the 


shade 










shade of trees. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 












sets in autumn. Any garden soil. Pyr- 












enees to Caucasus. See Plate, page 2. 






"White" 


PLAITED 
SNOWDROP 


**GaUnthus 
plicatus 


Excellent Snowdrop, larger in all 
its parts than G. Nivalis and blos- 


4-8 in. 
Sun or 


Mar. to 
early 








soming later. Solitary bell-shaped 


half 


May 








flowers on long graceful stems. Good 


shade 










for rock-garden or border. Bulbous. 












Prop, by offsets in autumn. Any or- 












dinary garden soil. Crimea. See 












Plate, page 5. 






"White" 


CHRISTMAS 
ROSE 


*HelleT>orus 
nlger 


Cup-shaped flowers about 3 in. 
across, sometimes purple-tinted. 


9-i* in. 
Half 


Mar., 

early 








Good for cutting. Attractive ever- 


shade 


Apr. 








green foliage. Protect in winter and 


best 










do not disturb. Plant in border or 












rock-garden. Prop, by division. Any 












well-drained rich soil. Europe. See 












Plate, page 6. 






"White" 


LONG- 


*Helle*borus 


Largest flowered variety, with sev- 


6- 1 8 in. 


Mar. to 




LEAVED 


ntger 


eral blossoms, 3-5 in. across, on a 


Half 


early 




CHRISTMAS 


var. altifdlius 


stem. See H. niger. Hort. 


shade 


Apr. 




ROSE 


H. n. var. ma- 




best 








jor, var. maxi- 


. 










mus 


' T; T ; 






"White" 


OLYMPIC 


*Helle*borus 


Profusion of small spreading flow- 




* 




HELLEBORE 


orientalis 


ers; good for cutting. a rotct ;if* 


jyw/. . 


" 






var. 


winter. Plant in rocfc*gar*cfefl..3pKfr 


sbadf'l 


* * 






Ol^mpicus 


border. Prop, by division. Well- 


list * J ' 


: /.* 








drained rich soil. Bithynia. 







WHITE, YELLOW, PURPLE, BLUE MARCH 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 
SIBERIAN 


**Scffla 
Sibirica 


Very pretty early-flowering species. 
One to three flowers droop from slen- 


3-6 in. 
Sun or 


Mid. 
Mar. to 




SQUILL 


var. alba. 


der stems. Long narrow leaves. 


half 


early 








Plant in clumps in rock-garden or 


shade 


May 








border. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets 












in autumn. Sandy soil; give an oc- 












casional top-dressing. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 


See color "various," page 8. 




Mid. 


6 




vars. 






Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 


"Deep 


CLOTH OF 


**Cr6cus 


One of the earliest Crocuses. Flow- 


3 in. 





yellow" 
6 


GOLD 
CROCUS 


Susianus 


ers tinged or striped with brown. Va- 
riegated leaves in tufts. Naturalize 


Sun or 

half 










in the grass or plant under trees and 


shade 










in rows or clumps in the border. Bul- 












bous. Prop, by offsets in late Sept. 












or Oct. Deep well-drained soil. Cau- 












casus; Crimea. 






"Yellow" 


COMMON 


**Eranthis 


Pretty cup-shaped flower, surround- 


3-8 in. 


Mar., 


4 


WINTER 


hyemalis 


ed by a whorl of leaves, appears at the 


Sun or 


Apr. 




ACONITE 




same time as the Snowdrop and does 


half 










well under trees, as it prefers partial 


shade 










shade. Bulbous. Any garden soil. 












S. Europe. See Plate, page 2. 






"Purple" 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 


See color "various," page 8. 




Mid. 






vars. 






Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 


"Reddish 


DARK-RED 


*Hell6borus 


Large cup-shaped flowers in clus- 


9-15 in. 


Mar. 


purple" 
42 


EASTERN 
HELLEBORE 


orientalis 
var. 


ters. Leaves evergreen, one on^each 
flower-stem. Good for rock-garden 


Half 
shade 


to 
early 






atr6rubens 


and border. Prop, by division. Any 


best 


Apr. 






H. o. var. 


well-drained rich soil. Hungary. 










Cdlcbtcus 


Vars. F. C. Heineman and Gretcben 












Heineman are good and somewhat 












similar in color. 







"Purple" 


NETTED 


*Iris 


Bulbous Iris. Fragrant yellow- 


i ft. 


Mid. 


55 


IRIS 


reticulata 


crested flowers on short stalks. Leaves 


Sun 


Mar. 








stiff and narrow, growing to full height 












after the flowers are gone, disappear 












when bulbs ripen. Plant in masses 












in the border in a sheltered spot. 












Well-drained sandy or fibrous soil. 












Several blue vars. Caucasus; Pales- 












tine. 






"Plum" 


KRELAGE'S 


*iris 


Flowers almost scentless; color va- 


i ft. 


Late 


42 


NETTED 


reticulata 


ries, yellow markings not distinct. See 


Sun 


Mar. 




IRIS 


van 


Iris reticulata. Caucasus. See Plate, 






t 


". ' * ' 


KrSlagei 


page 9. 






"Bltfe"".. 


ALLEN'S *' r ' 


' < ^ 


Similar to C. Luciliae, the white 


3-6 in. 


Mid. 


5 . 2 . 


GLORY- Of 


Alleni ' 


centre being less distinct. Border 


Sun or 


Mar. 






tibitfncfscitta 


and rock-garden. Bulbous. Prop, by 

j J H A J 'ID 


half 
i j 


to 






Alleni 


seed and offsets. Any good soil. Re- 


shade 


early 








quires moisture while growing. Hort. 




May 




(A) PLAITED SNOWDROP. Galanthus plicatus. 




(B) GIANT SNOWDROP. Galanthus elwesii. 



c 

7 



I 




CHRISTMAS ROSE, Helleborus niger 




CROCUS, Crocus vars. 



BLUE, PARTI-COLORED 



MARCH 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


GLORY OF 


**Chionod6xa 


Pretty, bulbous plant somewhat re- 


3-6 in. 


Mid. 


52 & 


THE SNOW 


Luciliae 


sembling the Squill. Ten or twelve 


Sun or 


Mar. 


white 






flowers on each stem; petals tipped 


half 


to 








with blue, shading to white at the 


shade 


early 








centre. Lance-shaped leaves. Bor- 




May 








der or rock-garden. Bulbous. Prop. 












by seed and offsets. Any good soil. 












Likes moisture while growing. Asia 












Minor; Crete. See Plate, page 9. 






"Blue" 


GIANT 


**Chionoddxa 


Large form of C. Luciliae, of differ- 


3-8 in. 


M 


52 or 63 


GLORY OF 


Lucilise 


ent habit. Groups of this plant are 


Sun or 






THE SNOW 


var. 


very effective in early spring. For 


half 








gigantea 


cultivation see C. Luciliae. Hort. 


shade 




"Blue" 
52 


TMOLUS' 
GLORY OF 


*Chionod6xa 
Lucilise 


Large flowers, bright blue and white; 
blooms later than the species. Choice 


3-6 in. 
Sun or 


Late 
Mar. to 




THE SNOW 


var. 


rockery plant; rather rare. For cul- 


half 


early 






Tmolusi 


tivation see C. Luciliae. Asia Minor. 


shade 


May 






C. Tmolusi 








"Genti- 
an-blue" 


SARDIAN 
GLORY OF 


*Chionod6xa 
Sarde*nsis 


Flowers borne on branching flower- 
stems smaller than C. Luciliae, deeper 


3-6 in. 
Sun or 


Mid. 
Mar. 


52 deeper 


THE SNOW 




blue and without the white markings. 


half 


to 








Two vars., one having white stamens, 


shade 


early 








the other black. Bulbous. Prop, by 




May 








seed and offsets. Any good soil. 












They like moisture while growing. 












Asia Minor. 






"Blue" 
61 


STAR 
HYACINTH 


*Scffla 

aindena 


Blooms freely, but not so attractive 
as other Squills. Several flower-stems 


6-9 in. 
Sun or 


<i 








bear 4-8 star-shaped flowers. Bulbous. 


shade 










Enrich the soil occasionally with a top- 












dressing of manure. Tyrol. 






"Dark 
blue" 


EARLY 
SQUILL 


*Scffla 

bifblia 


Earliest species. Spikes of 4-6 starry 
flowers. Graceful lance-shaped leaves. 


4-6 in. 
Sun or 


M 


62 






Desirable in wild garden, rock-garden, 


shade 










or border. Vars. alba and rosea; (color 












no. 25). Treat like Scilla Sibirica. 












Europe; Asia Minor. 






"China- 


SIBERIAN 


**Scflla 


Early flowering species. One to 


2-6 in. 


< 


blue" 


SQUILL 


Sibirica 


three flowers of beautiful deep blue 


Sun or 




61 deeper 




S. amana var. 


droop from slender stalks. Long nar- 


half 








prcecox 


row leaves. Charming in clumps in 


shade 










rock-garden or border, or for edging 












beds. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets in 












autumn. Sandy soil is preferable; 












give an occasional top-dressing. Sev- 












eral vars. are grown. Russia; Asia 












Minor. See Plate, page 9. 






Parti- 




**Cr6cus 


See color "various," page 8. 




Mid. 


colored 




vars. 






Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 



PARTI-COLORED. VARIOUS 



MARCH 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonymi 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Cream & 


SCOTCH 


**Crocus 


Stemless funnel-form yellowish 


6-8 in. 


Mid. 


42 out- 


CROCUS, 


biflbrus 


white flowers, tinged and striped with 


Sun or 


War. 


side, 44 


CLOTH OF 




purple. Variegated grass-like leaves 


half 


to late 


inside 


SILVER 




rise above the flowers. Pretty in the 


hade 


Apr. 




CROCUS 




grass, in borders, or under trees. 












Bulbous. Prop, by seed and offsets. 












Plant in late Sept. or Oct. in deep, 












well-drained soil. S. Europe. 






Parti- 


EASTERN 


*Helle"borus 


Large cup-shaped flowers, rose-pur- 


12-15 i n - 


Mar. 


colored 


HELLEBORE 


orientalis 


ple outside, and greenish, streaked 


Half 


to 




FRAU 


var. 


and dotted, within. Good for cutting. 


shade 


early 




IRENE 
HEINEMANN 


'Frau Irene 

leinemann" 


Evergreen foliage. Slightly protect 
in winter. Should not be disturbed. 


best 


Apr. 








Plant in border or edge of shrubbery. 
Prop, by division. Any rich well- 












drained soil. Hort. 






Green 

& 35 


PURPLISH 
GREEN 


*HelleT>orus 
viridis 


Drooping green flowers purple 
tinted, and grayish foliage, weeds 


12-18 in. 
Half 


(i 




HELLEBORE 


var. pur- 


slight protection in winter. Should 


shade 








>urascens 


not be disturbed. Plant in border or 


best 










edge of shrubbery. Prop, by division. 
Any rich well-drained soil. Hungary. 






Various 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 
vars. 


Large funnel-shaped stemless flow- 
ers. Stiff grass-like leaves. Natural- 


6-8 in. 
Sun or 


Mid. 
Mar. 








ize in masses in the grass and under 


half 


to late 








trees, or plant in clumps in the border. 


shade 


Apr. 








Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. Plant in 












light well-drained soil in late Sept. or 












Oct. The following are some of the 












best garden vars. : 












White vars. Caroline Chisbolm; 












free bloomer. Mammoth Wlite; very 












large. Mont Blanc; large and snow 












white. 












Yellow vars. Golden Yellow; (color 












no. 6), deep yellow. 












Purple vars. King of the Blues; 












deep purple blue, very large. Pur- 












purea grandiflora; large deep purple 












flowers. 












Parti-colored vars. Albion; deep 












violet striped with white. Cloth of 












Silver; silvery white lilac-striped. 












La Majestueuse; large lilac flowers 












striped white. Sir Walter Scott; white 












striped with lilac; large and free 












blooming. See Plate, page 6. 






White or 


SPRING 


**Cr6cus 


The commonest species. Large 


4-5 in - 


H 


46 


CROCUS 


vlrnus 


stemless funnel-shaped flowers, white 


Sun or 










or lilac, sometimes striped with pur- 


half 










ple. Stiff grass-like leaves. Mass in 


shade 










border or scatter in the grass or under 












trees. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. 












Plant in late Sept. or Oct. in light, 








j 




well-drained soil. Europe. 



















8 




KRELAGE'S NETTED IRIS. Iris reticulata -car. Krelagei. 




GLORY OF THE SNOW. Chionadoxa Lucilia. SIBERIAN SQUILL. Scilla Siberica. 




cr - 1E \\ 

UE.?!S..ITY Jl 




10 



AN APRIL LANDSCAPE 



APRIL 


WHITE TO GREENISH 


Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Cream 
white" 


WHITE 
BANE- 


Act&a alba 
A. rubra 


Strong-growing plant of the Butter- 
cup order. Flowers in showy clusters. 


i-i$ft. 

Shade 


Early 
Apr. 




BERRY 




Berries white. Foliage finely cut. Suit- 




to 








able for rock and wild garden. Prop. 




J^y 








by seed and division. Loose soil. 






"Green- 


MOUNTAIN 


Alchemflla 


Drooping inconspicuous flowers and 


6-8 in. 


Late 


ish" 


LADY'S 


alpina 


digitate leaves. Easily cultivated. 


Sun or 


Apr., ' 




MANTLE 




Suitable for the rock-garden. Prop. 


shade 


May 








by seed and division. Europe. 






"White" 


WILD 


*Allium 


Flowers change to rose-pink and are 


I -2 ft. 


Apr., 


turns to 


ONION 


mutabile 


borne in many-flowered umbels above 


Sun or 


May 


29 pale 






the narrow leaves. Effective rock- 


half 










garden plant. Easily cultivated. Bul- 


shade 










bous. Prop, by seed and offsets. 












Well-drained soil. N. America. 






"White" 


WOOD 


Anemdne 


Common Anemone. Slender stem- 


4-8 in. 


Late 


often 36 


ANEMONE 


nemordsa 


med plant, bearing a solitary flower, 


Shade 


Apr. 








often pink or purplish, i in. across. 




to 








Attractive delicate foliage. Pretty in 




early 








wild garden and in masses under trees. 




June 








Prop, by division; of easy culture in 












good soil. U.S.A.; Europe; Siberia. 






"Cream 


SNOWDROP 


**Anem6ne 


Large nodding sweet-scented flow- 


i-i^ft. 


Late 


white" 


WIND- 


sylve*stris 


ers, tinged with lavender, solitary or 


Sun or 


Apr. 


tinged 
with 39 


FLOWER 




two together; pretty drooping buds. 
Fine deeply cut foliage. Good in bor- 
der or under trees. Prop, by division. 


half 
shade 


to 
mid. 

July 








Europe. See Plate, page 13. 






"Cream 


DOUBLE 


*Anem6ne 


Large double-flowered var. of A. 


12-15 in. 


Apr., 


white" 


SNOWDROP 


sylve"stris 


sylvestris. Good border plant; also 


Sun or 


May 




WIND- 


var. 


suitable for open position in the rock- 


shade 






FLOWER 


fl6re-pleno 


garden. Europe. 






"White" 


MUN- 


*Aquilegia 


Abundance of large flowers, many 


2-3 ft. 


if 




STEAD'S 


vulgaris 


on a stem. Good for sheltered spots, 


Sun 






WHITE 


var. alba. 


in the wild garden or border. Prop, 








COLUM- 


A. v. var. 


by seed, sown as early as possible, or 








BINE 


nivea 


division. Deep sandy loam is best. 












Hort. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Arabis 


Heads of fragrant flowers form a 


6-8 in. 


Early 




ROCK 


albida 


sheet of pure white. Good for the 


Sun 


Apr. 




CRESS 


A. Caucdsica 


spring garden, for rockwork and edg- 




to 








ings, and for covering bare and rocky 




June 








places. Prop, by seed, division and 












cuttings. Thrives even in poor soil. 












Europe. See Plate, page 13. 












Var. variegata; var. with gold and 












green foliage. Var. flore-pleno; dou- 












ble-flowered var. 







II 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


ALPINE 


*Arabis 


Resembles A. albida but has smaller 


6 in. 


Early 




ROCK 


alpina 


flowers. Excellent rock-plant. Prop. 


Sun or 


Apr. 




CRESS 




usually by division, also by seed and 


half 


to 








cuttings. Thrives in any ordinary 


shade 


late 








soil. Europe. 




May 








Var. fiore-pleno; a double var. Var. 












variegata has green and yellow foli- 












age. 






"White" 


RUNNING 


*Arabis 


Useful trailing rock-plant with 









ROCK 


proctirrens 


small flowers. Prop, by stolons. Any 








CRESS 




soil. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Chionod<5xa 


See page 3. 




Mid. 




GLORY OF 


Luciliae 






Mar. to 




THE SNOW 


var. alba 






early 












May 


"Green- 
ish" 


GOLDEN 
SAXIFRAGE, 


Chrysosple- 

nium 


Creeping plant with inconspicuous 
flowers. Stems covered with small 


6 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Apr., 




WATER 
CARPET 


Americanum 


pulpy leaves. For bog-garden. Prop, 
by division. Wet soil. N. Amer. 




May 


"White" 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 


See page 8. 




Mid. 






vars. 






Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 


"White" 


PEPPER- 


Dentaria 


Petals pale purplish beneath. Two 


i ft. 


Apr., 




ROOT, 
TWO- 


diph^lla 
Cardamine 


compound leaves. Rootstocks edi- 
ble. Suitable for margin of border 


Half 
shade 


May 




LEAVED 


dipbylla 


or shrubbery. Prop, by division and 


or shade 






TOOTH- 
WORT 




by bulblets. Easily cultivated. Light 
peaty soil, well enriched. Eastern N. 












Amer. 






"White" 


SQUIRREL 
CORN 


*Dice*ntra 
Canadensis 


A few pendent pink-tipped flowers 
terminate leafless stems. Pretty gray- 


6-12 in. 
Half 


M 






Dielytra 


ish fern-like foliage. Good plant for 


shade 








Canadensis 


border or rock-garden. Prop, in spring 












by crown-division or root-cuttings. 












Light rich soil. Eastern N. Amer. 






"White" 
white & 3 


DUTCH- 
MAN'S 


*Dice*ntra 
Cucullaria 


Racemes of drooping yellow-tipped 
flowers on leafless stems. Deeply-di- 


3-6 in. 
Half 


it 




BREECHES 


Dielytra 


vided leaves. Suitable for rock-gar- 


shade 








Cucullaria 


den. Prop, in the spring by crown- 












division or root-cuttings. Light rich 












soil. Eastern N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 14. 






"White" 


LARGE 
WHITE- 


*Epimedium 
macr&nthum 


Dainty interesting plant with curi- 
ously shaped flowers. New leaves 


8-10 in. 
Half 


Late 
Apr. 




FLOWERED 


var. niveum 


reddish. Suitable for rock-garden or 


shade 


to late 




BARREN- 


E. niveum 


border. Prop, by division. Any gar- 


best 


May 




WORT 




den soil. Japan. 







12 




SNOWDROP WINDFLOWER. Anemone 




WHITE ROCK CRESS. Arabis albida. 



OF - <- 
' r- K.-^. 





WHITE C.UINEA-HEN FLOWER. Fritillaria Mcleagris rar alba. 




DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES. Diccntra CucuUaria. 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 
white & 6 


WHITE 
DOGTOOTH 


**Erythr6- 
nium 


Solitary flower with recurved pet- 
als, yellow at base, and two long nar- 


6 in. 
Half 


Late 
Apr., 




VIOLET 


albidum 


row unmottled leaves, rising from the 


shade 


May 








root. Pretty on grassy banks and 












extremely good for planting in Rho- 
dodendron beds. Bulbous. Any light 












fibrous soil with good drainage. N. 












J.; Western U. S. A. 






"Green- 


LILY-LIKE 


*Fritillaria 


One to six lily-like flowers, veined 


6-12 in. 


Apr., 


ish" 


FRITIL- 


liliacea 


with green, droop from each stalk. 


Half 


May 




LARY 




Leaves mostly in a whorl near the 


shade 










ground. Border or rock-garden. Bul- 
bous. Prop, by offsets. Rich loam. 












Cal. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Fritillaria 


Solitary drooping bell-shaped flow- 


i ft. 


Late 




GUINEA- 
HEN 


Meleagris 
var. alba 


ers, slightly checkered. Delicate grass- 
like leaves which disappear after the 


Sun or 

shade 


Apr., 
May. 




FLOWER OR 
CHECK- 
ERED LILY 




bulb ripens. Charming for the bor- 
der and rock-garden. Bulbous. Prop, 
by offsets; division every 3 or 4 












years necessary. Grows best in deep 












sandy loam. Europe; Caucasus. See 












Plate, page 14. 






"Green- 
ish 


CAUCASIAN 
SNOWDROP 


*Galanthus 
Caucasicus 


Later blooming than G. nivalis. 
Plant in masses in the rock-garden 


8-9 in. 
Half 


Apr., 
May 


white" 


. 


G. Redoiitei 


and leave undisturbed for years. Bul- 


shade 










bous. Prop, by offsets. Any ordi- 


best 










nary garden soil. Caucasus. 






"White" 


GIANT 


**Galdnthus 


See page 3. 




Mar., 




SNOWDROP 


Elwesii 






Apr. 


"White" 


COMMON 


**Galanthus 


See page 3. 




(t 




SNOWDROP 


nivalis 








"White" 


PLAITED 


**Galanthus 


See page 3. 




Mar. to 




SNOWDROP 


plicatus 






early 












May 


"White" 


CHRISTMAS 


*Helle*borus 


See page 3. 




Mar., 




ROSE 


niger 






early 












Apr. 


"White" 


LONG- 


*HelleT>orus 


See page 3. 




Mar. to 




LEAVED 


niger var. 






early 




CHRISTMAS 


altifdlius 






Apr. 




ROSE 


H. n. var. ma- 












jor, var. mdx- 












imus 








"White" 


OLYMPIC 


*HelleT>orus 


See page 3. 




M 




HELLEBORE 


orientalis 












var. 












Ol^mpicus 









WHITE TO GREENISH 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacfnthus 


See color "various," page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientals 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Green- 


ORANGE 


Hydrastis 


Grown for its bright red berries and 


12-15 i n - 





ish 


ROOT, 


Canadlnsis 


attractive foliage rather than for its 


Half 




white" 


GOLDEN 




small solitary flowers. Root of me- 


shade 






SEAL 




dicinal value. Wild garden. Prop. 












by seed and division. Moist loam 












with leaf-mold. Eastern N. Amer. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Lathyrus 


Tufted habit. Drooping pea-like 


I -2 ft. 


<i 




SPRING 


ve"rnus 


flowers in clusters of 5 or 7. Pale 


Sun or 






BITTER 


var. albus 


green compound leaves. Excellent 


balf 






VETCH 


Orobus vtrnus 


for rock-garden and border. Prop, by 


shade 








var. dlbus 


seed or division. Any good garden 












soil. Central Europe. 






"Trans- 


SAND LILY 


Leucocrinum 


Clusters of fragrant funnel-shaped 


4-8 in. 


Apr. 


parent 


of Colorado 


montanum 


stemless flowers with pale anthers rise 


Sun 




white" 






among the narrow leaves. Blooms for 












several weeks. Good for the rock- 












garden. Bulbous. Pacific Coast. 






"White" 


SUMMER 
SNOW- 


*Leuc6jum 

aestivum 


Clusters of fragrant bell-shaped 
flowers, with green tips, somewhat re- 


i ft. 
Half 


Apr., 
May 




FLAKE 




sembling Snowdrops, droop among 
the narcissus-like foliage. Attractive 


shade 










in the border or for edging shrubbery. 












Bulbous. Any rich soil. Central and 












S. Europe. 






"White" 


SPRING 


*Leuc6jum 


Resembles L. aestivum, but is a 


6-12 in. 


N 




SNOW- 


ve*rnum 


smaller plant with solitary flowers. 


Half 






FLAKE 




Pretty in the border. Bulbous. Any 


shade 










rich soil. Central and S. Europe. 












See Plate, page 17. 






"White" 


WHITE OR 


"Lychnis 


Star-shaped flowers in showy clus- 


6-12 in. 


M 




EVENING 


alba 


ters. Foliage thick at the base of the 


Sun 






CAMPION 




plant. Plant in border or rock-gar- 












den. Prop, by seed or division. Or- 












dinary light garden soil. N. Asia; 












Europe; Amer. 




> 


"White" 


COMMON 


**Muscari 


Pretty bulbous plant. Dense clus- 


9 in. 


II 




WHITE 


botryoides 


ters of small globular scentless flow- 


Sun or 






GRAPE 


var. album 


ers. Narrow stiff leaves. Plant in 


half 






HYACINTH 




clumps in the border or rock-garden. 


shade 










Prop, by offsets. Ordinary garden 












soil. Europe. 






"White" 


PRIMROSE 


Narcissus 


Two flowers on each stem; pure 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 




PEERLESS 


biflorus 


white with pale yellow short cups. 


Half 


Apr. 








Plant in masses in the border, in the 


shade 


to late 








grass or the edge of shrubbery. Bul- 


best 


May 








bous. Prop, by offsets, riant in 












late Sept. or Oct., 6 or 8 inches deep, 












3 in. apart. Any good soil. S. Europe. 







16 





OF 




18 



WHITE MOSS PINK. Phlox subulata var. alba. 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
.and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


ALGERIAN 


*Narcissus 


Small delicate plant with several 


5-8 in. 


Late 




WHITE 
HOOP- 


Bulbocb- 
dium var. 


solitary flowers and slender leaves. 
Not very hardy. Plant in Sept. or 


Half 
shade 


Apr., 
early 




PETTICOAT 


Monoph^llus 


Oct., 5 in. deep and 3 in. apart. 


best 


May 




DAFFODIL 




Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. A good 












welUdrained soil. Give an occasional 












top-dressing. Algiers. 






"White" 


BUR- 


Narcissus 


A short-cupped Narcissus similar to 


12-15 in - 


Mid. 




BIDGE'S 


Burbidgei 


the Poet's N. Yellow cups edged 


Half 


Apr. 




NARCISSUS 




with scarlet, and white base-petals. 


shade 


to late 








For cultivation, etc., see N. biflorus. 


best 


May 


"White" 


WHITE 


*0mphal6des 


Trailing plant. Flowers like For- 


6 in. 


Apr., 




CREEPING 


ve"rna 


get-me-nots in clusters on an erect 


Sun or 


May 




FORGET- 


var. alba 


stem; less pretty than the blue var. 


half 






ME-NOT 




Good for rock-garden or for fringing 


shade 










walks. Prop, by division. Moist soil. 












Europe. 












Var. *plena-alba has double white 












flowers. 






"Cream 


DROOPING 


Ormth6galum 


Star-shaped flowers, white backed 


8-12 in. 


1C 


white" 


STAR-OF- 


nutans 


with green, in racemes of 3 to 12. Fo- 


Sun 






BETHLE- 




liage pale green, long and narrow. 








HEM 




Pretty plant, good for covering bare 












places in wild gardens as it increases 












rapidly. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. 












Europe; Asia Minor. See Plate, page 












'7- 






"White" 


WHITE 
ICELAND 


**Papaver 
nudicaule 


Charming large cup-shaped flowers 
on graceful erect and leafless stems. 


9- 1 5 in. 

Sun 


Late 
Apr. to 




POPPY 


var. album 


Buds nodding. Good for cutting. 




mid. 








Treat as an annual. Rock-gardens or 
borders. Prop, by seed. Light fairly 




June; 

late 








rich soil. Arctic and Alpine Regions. 




Aug., 












Sept. 


"White" 


WHITE 
MOSS OR 


*Phl6x 
subulata 


Creeping evergreen plant thickly 
covered with small flowers which rise 


4-6 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Apr. 




GROUND 


var. alba 


from a moss-like bed of foliage. Fa- 




to late 




PINK 




vorite rock-plant; good for carpeting 




May 








rock-gardens or borders. Prop, by 












seed, division or cuttings. Light dry 












soil. N. Y., West and South. See 












Plate, page 18. 






"White" 


MOSS OR 
GROUND 


**Phl6x 
subulata 


Sheets of pink-centred flowers cover 
the thick moss-like bed of foliage. 


4-6 in. 
Sun 


" 




PINK, 


var. 


Excellent for carpeting. Prop, by 








THE BRIDE 


"The Bride" 


seed, division or cuttings. Light dry 












soil. Hort. 






"White" 


NELSON'S 


*Phl6x 


Resembles the preceding in habit, 


4-6 in. 





MOSS OR 


subulata 


use and cultivation. Hort. 


Sun 






GROUND 


var. Nelsoni 










PINK 











WHITE TO GREENISH 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Bluish 


STRIPED 


*Puschkfnia 


Resembles the Squill family. Flow- 


4-12 in. 


Late 


white" 


SQUILL 


scilloides 


ers marked with blue, in clusters of 


Sun 


Apr., 






Addmsia 
scilloides 


i-io. Foliage long and narrow. Good 
border or rock-garden plant, but can- 




early 
May 








not be crowded. Bulbous. Light soil. 












Asia Minor. 






"White" 


FLOWER- 


Pyxidanthera 


Minute evergreen creeping plant 


2 in. 


Apr., 


buds 23 


ING MOSS, 


barbulata 


growing in dense cushions. Buds rose- 


Sun or 


May 




PYXIE 


Diapensia 


color, flowers white. Rock-garden. 


half 








barbulata 


Prop, by division. Sand and leaf- 


shade 










mold. N. J. to N. C. 






"White" 


BLOOD- 
ROOT, RED 


*Sanguinaria 
Canade"nsis 


Large star-shaped flowers with yel- 
low centres, surrounded by handsome 


Sin. 

Sun or 


Early 
Apr. 




PUCCOON 




dark foliage which springs from the 


shade 


to 








root. Gives a charming effect in 




mid. 








masses under deciduous trees. Prop. 




May 








by division. Light,preferably moist soil. 












Eastern N. Amer. See Plate, page 21. 






"Dull 


EARLY 


Saxifraga 


Downy tufted plant. Numerous in- 


4-9 in. 


Apr. 


white" 


SAXIFRAGE 


Virginie*nsis 


significant flowers in erect spikes. 


Sun 


to late 








Leaves in rosette at base of plant. 




June 








Protect with leaves. Suitable for 












rock-garden and used sometimes for 












border. Prop, by division. N. East- 












ern U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Scflla 


See page 4. 




Mid. 




SIBERIAN 


Sibirica 






Mar. 




SQUILL 


var. alba 






to early 












May 


"White" 


EASTER 


Townse"ndia 


Low-growing, almost stemless plant 


6-12 in. 


Apr., 




DAISY 
of Colorado 


sericea 


with white or purple-tinted flowers, re- 
sembling Asters. Leaves very nar- 


Sun 


May 








row. Western N. Amer. 






"White" 


NODDING 


Trfllium 


Solitary flowers with wavy reflexed 


i ft. 


Late 




WAKE- 


ce"rnuum 


petals, somewhat hidden by the broad 


or more 


Apr. 




ROBIN 




leaves. Pretty for moist borders 


Half 


to 








among ferns or for naturalization un- 


shade 


early 








der trees. Prop, by seed or division. 




June 


- 






Rich moist soil is best. Eastern N. 












Amer. 






"White" 


WHITE ILL- 
SCENTED 


*Trfllium 
erctum 


Showy. Charming flowers on grace- 
ful stems from which spring broad 


I ft. 
or more 







WAKE- 


var. dlbum 


dark leaves. For use and cultivation 


Half 






ROBIN 




see T. cernuum. N. Amer. 


shade 




"Cream 


EARLY 


Trillium 


Dwarf species. Flowers solitary on 


5 in. 


Late 


white" 


WAKE- 


nivale 


erect or drooping stalks. Foliage nar- 


Half 


Apr., 




ROBIN 




row. Pretty for the wild garden or 


shade 


May 








border. Prop, by seed or division. 












Moist rich soil is best. U. S. A. 






"White" 


PAINTED 


Trfllium 


Large handsome flowers marked 


I ft. 







WAKE- 


undulatum 


with crimson. Large leaves on the 


or more 






ROBIN 


T. erythrocdr- 


flower-stalks. Pretty in moist bor- 


Half 








pum, T. pic- 


ders, among ferns, or naturalized un- 


shade 








turn 


der trees. For cultivation see T. 












nivale. 







20 




BLOOD-ROOT. Sangitinaria Canadensis. 



21 





22 



WHITE TO GREENISH, YELLOW 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 






vars. 


color "various," page 64. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"White" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 













color "various," page 64. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Ver6nica 


Pretty tufted plant. Small flow- 


6-24 in. 


M 




GENTIAN- 


gentianoides 


ers borne in erect spikes on leafy 


Sun or 






LEAVED 


var. alba 


stems above the carpet of foliage. 


half 






SPEED- 




Good for border or rock-garden and 


sbade 






WELL 




for covering bare places. Prop, by 












division. Any soil. Hort. 






"White" 


COMMON 


*Vmca 


Trailing evergreen. Large solitary 


2-6 in. 


Late 




WHITE 


minor 


flowers and dark glossy foliage. 


Sun or 


Apr. 




PERI- 
WINKLE OR 


var. alba 


Spreads rapidly forming a thick car- 
pet for bare places, under trees or in 


sbade 


to 
June 




RUNNING 




rock-garden. Prop, by division or 








MYRTLE 




cuttings. Easily cultivated in any 












ordinary soil. Europe. 






"White" 


SWEET 


Viola 


Common species. Small flowers 


2-6 in. 


Apr., 




WHITE 


blanda 


somewhat veined with lilac and faintly 


Sun 


May 




VIOLET 




fragrant. Round leaves minutely 












downy. Prop, by division. Found 












in low wet places. N. Amer. 






"White" 


CANADA 


Viola 


Common in rich woods. Flowers 


3-14 in. 


Late 


tinged 


VIOLET 


Canade*nsis 


tinged with purple. Pointed heart- 


Half 


Apr. 


with 43 






shaped leaves. Vigorous grower; 


shade 


to 








good under shade of trees. Prop, by 




Mid. 








division. N. Amer. See Plate, page 22. 




June 


"White" 


WHITE 


Viola 


Petals pinkish outside. Plant in 


3-5 in - 


Late 




DOG 


canina 


masses in a shady spot of rock or wild 


Half 


Apr. 




VIOLET 


var. alba 


garden. Prop, by division. Europe. 


shade 


to late 












May 


"White" 


WHITE 
HORNED 


**Viola 
cornuta 


Vigorous tufted plant bearing a 
continuous profusion of sweet-scented 


5-8 in. 
Sun or 


Late 
Apr. 




VIOLET 


var. alba 


flowers the size of small Pansies. 


half 


until 




OR BED- 




Clean bright foliage. Good for cut- 


sbade 


frost 




DING PANSY 




ting and excellent for border or rock- 












garden and for spring bedding. Prop. 












by seed, division or cuttings. Any 












good soil. Pyrenees. 






"White" 


SWEET 


Viola 


Tufted Violet with creeping run- 


6 in. 


Late 




VIOLET 


odorata 


ners. Flowers very fragrant. Heart- 


Half 


Apr. 






var. alba 


shaped leaves. Should be natural- 


shade 


to late 








ized in large quantities. Prop, by 




May 








seed and division. Loose, rich sandy 












soil preferable. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


SPRING 


**Ad6nis 


Alpine plant. Dense tufts bear 


8-15 in. 


Mid. 


5 


ADONIS, 
OX EYE 


vernalis 
A. Apennlna, 


large buttercup-like flowers. Very 
finely cut foliage in whorls. Useful 


Sun or 

half 


Apr. 
to 






A. Davurica 


for rock-garden or border. Prop, by 


shade 


June 








seed sown when gathered, or by divi- 












sion. Light sandy soil. Europe. 







23 



YELLOW 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


**Allium 


Flowers in round clusters surmount- 


I ft. 


Mid. 


4 


GARLIC 


Moly 


ing a slender stem. Leaves lance- 


Sun or 


Apr. 








shaped. Easily cultivated. Good in 


shade 


to 








masses. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets 




June 


-' | 






and seed. Hungary; the Pyrenees. 






"Lemon 


AUSTRIAN 


*Al^ssum 


Shrubby habit. Less hardy than 


9-12 in. 


Apr., 


yellow" 


MADWORT 


Gemone*nse 


A. saxatile, but with larger flowers. 


Sun 


May 


2 






Rock-plant. Prop, by seed, division 












and cuttings. Europe. 






"Golden 


ROCK 


**Alfssum 


Excellent rock-plant of spreading 


i ft. 


Mid. 


yellow" 


MADWORT, 


saxatile 


habit covered with numerous clusters 


Sun 


Apr. 


5 


GOLDEN- 




of small flowers which form an effec- 




to late 




TUFT 




tive mass of color in border or rock- 




May 








garden. Good for edgings. If cut 












after flowering it will bloom again, 












even after frost. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion or cuttings. Of easy culture. 












Prefers a well-drained soil. Europe. 












See Plate, page 25. 












A. saxatile var. variegatum is a va- 












riegated form. *A. saxatile var. flore- 












pleno is a double var., a splendid rock- 












plant and good for the front of bor- 












ders. 






"Yellow" 


COMPACT 


**Alssum 


A compact var. of A. saxatile. Fra- 


i ft. 


Mid. 


5 


ROCK 


saxatile 


grant flowers in clusters. Foliage sil- 


Sun 


Apr. 




MADWORT 


var. 


very. Used for rockwork or border. 




to 




OR GOLDEN- 
TUFT 


compactum 


See A. saxatile. Europe. 




June 


"Golden 


YELLOW 


*Anem6ne 


Plant resembles the Apennine Anem- 


3-8 in. 


Apr., 


yellow" 


WOOD 


ranuncu- 


one. Flowers single or semi-double, 


Sun or 


May 


bet 1 & 2 


ANEMONE 


loides 


usually solitary. Leaves deeply cut. 


shade 










Good rock-garden plant. Rich light 












soil. Europe; Siberia. 






"Yellow" 
2 


YELLOW 
CANADIAN 


*Aquilegia 

Canade"nsis 


Pretty variety. Flowers droop over 
the grayish foliage. Plant in shel- 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


Late 
Apr. 




COLUMBINE 


var. 


tered situation in the rock-garden or 




to 






flaviflbra 


border. Prop, by seed sown as early 




early 






A. C.var.fla- 


as possible, or by division. Deep 




July 






vescens. A. 


sandy loam. N. Amer. 










ccerulea var. 












ftavescens 








"Yellow" 
5 


PROPHET 
FLOWER 


Arnebia 
echioides 


Slightly curving spikes of flowers 
with purple spots which gradually 


3-12 in. 
Half 


Apr., 
May 






Macrotbmia 


disappear. Spreading leaves. Does 


shade 








ecbioldes 


well in a northern exposure. Suitable 












for rock-gardens. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion or cuttings. Moist, but well- 












drained soil. Caucasus. 






"Yellow" 


DOUBLE 


Caltha 


Double form of our native plant. 


I -2 ft. 


M 


5 


MARSH 


paltistris var. 


Flowers i % in. broad. Good for cut- 


Sun or 






MARIGOLD 


flbre-pleno 


ting. Prefers wet places, but does 


half 








C. />. var. 


well in a rich border. Hort. 


shade 








monstrdsa- 












plena 









24 




ROCK MADWORT. Alyssum saxatile. 





26 



COMMON DOGTOOTH VIOLET. Erythronium Americanum. 



YELLOW 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green- 


BLUE 


Cauloph^llum 


Native plant of the Barberry fam- 


I-2Ht. 


Apr., 


ish 


COHOSH 


thalictroides 


ily. Racemes of small flowers, suc- 


Half 


May 


yellow" 
green & 






ceeded by deep blue berries. Foliage 
dark and finely cut. Good for wild 


shade 




2 






garden. Prop, by division. Grows 












well in rich soil or peat. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 


See page 8. 




Mid. 


6 




vars. 






Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 


"Deep 


CLOTH OF 


*Cr6cus 


See page 4. 







yellow" 


GOLD 


Susianus 








6 


CROCUS 










"Yellow" 

4 


EVER- 
GREEN 


Draba 

Aizoon 


Tiny Alpine plant bearing a profu- 
sion of small flowers rising from dense 


3 in. 

Sun 


Late 
Apr., 




WHITLOW 




rosettes of stiff dark green linear foli- 




May 




GRASS 




age. Plant on walls or in masses in 












rock-garden. Prop, by fall-sown seed, 












generally by division. Well-drained 












soil. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


ALPINE 


Draba 


Flower-stems hairy; leaves lance- 


3 in. 


M 


4 


WHITLOW 


alpina 


shaped. For description see D. 


Sun 






GRASS 




Aizoon. 






"Yellow" 


COMMON 


**Erdnthis 


See page 4. 




Mar., 


4 


WINTER 


hyemalis 






Apr. 




ACONITE 










"Sulphur 


ALPINE 


Er^simum 


Resembles the Wallflower. Flowers 


6-12 in. 


Late 


yellow" 


WALL- 
FLOWER 


ochroleucrum 


cover the plant thickly. Foliage forms 
a dense tuft. Good for front of bor- 


Sun 


Apr., 
May 








der, dry banks and rock-gardens. "On 












level ground it is likely to lose lower 
leaves and to perish on heavy soils in a 
hard winter." Prop, by division and 












cuttings. Spain. 






"Yellow" 
1 


COMMON 
ADDER'S 
TONGUE 


**Erythr6- 
nium 
Americanum 


Native plant. Charming lily-like 
drooping flowers with recurved petals, 
sometimes purple-tinged. Long nar- 


6 in. 
Half 
shade 


Late 
Apr. 
to late 




OR 




row mottled leaves. Excellent for 




May 




DOGTOOTH 




rock-garden, to naturalize or to plant 








VIOLET 




in Rhododendron beds. Mulch in win- 












ter. Bulbous. Prop, by seed and off- 












sets. Light peaty soil. Eastern U. S. 












A.; Canada. See Plate, page 26. 






"Yellow" 


LEMON- 


*Erythr6nium 


Pretty native plant. Flowers with 


6 in. 


Late 


15 


COLORED 


citrinum 


broad petals much reflexed, tipped 


Shade 


Apr. 


yellower 


DOGTOOTH 




with pink, 1-3 on the stem. Leaves 




to 


& lighter 


VIOLET 




mottled. For location and cultiva- 




mid. 








tion see E. Americanum. N.;Amer. 




May 


"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


**Erythr6- 


Attractive native plant. One to six 


6 in; 


11 


Slight 


FLOWERED 


nium 


flowers on slender stems. Handsome 


Half j 






DOGTOOTH 


grandi- 


unmottled leaves. Blooms early. 


shade or 






VIOLET 


fldrum 


Naturalize under deciduous trees. For 


shade 








E. giganttum 


location and cultivation see E. Ameri- 












canum. N. Western Amer. 







YELLOW 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


MYRSIN- 


*Euph6rbia 


Low prostrate plant. Flowers in 


I ft. 


Mid. 


2 pale & 
greenish 


ITES-LIKE 
SPURGE 


Myrsinites 


umbels surrounded by leaflets. Pulpy 
whitish green leaves. Good for rock- 


Sun 


Apr. 
to late 








gardens. Prop, by division. Any 




May 








soil. S. Europe. 






"Bright 
yellow" 


GOLDEN 
FRITILLARY 


*Fritillaria 
aurea 


Solitary drooping bell-shaped flow- 
ers checkered with brown. Deep green 


6-12 in. 
Shade 


Mid. 
Apr. 


5 






lance - shaped leaves generally in 




to 








whorls of three. Replanting every 3 




June 








or 4 years necessary. Bulbous. Prop. 












by offsets. Deep sandy loam. Cilicia. 






"Green- 


PALE- 


*Fritillaria 


Large pale bell-shaped flowers. Blu- 


6-15 in. 


M 


ish 


FLOWERED 


pallidifldra 


ish green foliage. Pretty for the bor- 


Shade 




yellow" 


FRITILLARY 




der and rock-garden. For cultivation 






2 deep & 






see F. aurea. Siberia. 






greenish 












"Yellow" 
5 


SHY 
FRITILLARY 


*Fritillaria 

pudica 


A charming plant and graceful 
species with fragrant bell-shaped un- 


6-12 in. 

Half 


Mid. 
Apr. 








checkered flowers, solitary and droop- 


shade 


to 








ing. Long and narrow grayish leaves. 




mid. 








Replanting every 3 or 4 years neces- 




May 








sary. Give slight shelter. Bulbous. 












Prop, by offsets. Deep sandy loam 












mixed with leaf-mold. Also a purple 












var. N. Western Amer. 






"Yellow" 


DUTCH 


Hyacinthus 


See color "various," page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Yellow" 


HOOP- 


*Narcfssus 


Small delicate species with several 


5-8 in. 


Late 


5 


PETTICOAT 
DAFFODIL 


Bulbocddium 


solitary flowers and slender leaves. 
Pretty but not very hardy. Plant in 


Half 
shade 


Apr. 
to late 








Sept. or Oct., 5 in. deep and 3 in. 


best 


May 








apart. Prop, by offsets. Any good 












well-drained soil. Give an occasional 












top-dressing. S. France; Spain. 






"Yellow 


STAR 


**Narcissus 


A vigorous species which increases 


12-15 in. 


Mid. 


mixed" 


DAFFODIL 


incomparabi- 


rapidly. Solitary scentless flowers. 


Half 


Apr. 






lis & vars. 


Plant in rows or masses in the border 


shade 


to 








or edge of shrubbery in Sept. or Oct., 


best 


mid. 








6 in. deep and 6 in. apart. Cover in 




May 








winter. In 5 or 6 years the bulbs 












become crowded and should be sepa- 












rated. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. 












Any good well-drained soil. Give an 












occasional top-dressing. S. Spain; 












France to the Tyrol. See Plate, page 29. 












The following are some of the best 












garden vars. They are hardy and in- 












crease rapidly. 












Medium Trumpet Narcissi, Single 












vars. **Barrii Conspicuus; (petals 












color no. 2, cup 5), yellow crown, 












edged with orange-scarlet, and broad 












spreading primrose base-petals; unex- 
celled for cutting, lasting long in wa- 












ter. *Incomparabilis cynosure; (color 












no. 2, crown 5), large base-petals with 







28 




'o 



29 




STAR DAFFODIL VAR. LEEDSII. Narcissus Lecdsii. 




JONQUIL. Narcissus Jonquilla. 



YELLOW 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








bold orange crown. ** Incotnparabilis 












Sir Watkin, Giant Welsh Daffodil; 












(petals color no. 3, cup 6), rich golden 












yellow cup, beautifully fringed, very 












large primrose base-petals. *Incom- 
parabilis Stella; (white and color no. 












5), pure white base-petals, with bright 












yellow crown ; blooms early. * Leedsii; 












(color nos. 2 pale & 3 light), white 
base-petals, pale primrose cup which 












becomes white; fragrant. See Plate, 












page 30. ** Leedsii Amabilis; (color 












nos. 2 pale & 3 light), pure white 












base-petals, and long lemon-yellow 












crown; a very beautiful var. ** Leed- 












sii Ducbess of Brabant; (color nos. 2 












pale & 3), white base-petals small ca- 












nary-yellow cup; a pretty var. *Nel- 
soni Major; (color nos. 2 pale & 4), 












large white base-petals, and long fluted 












bright yellow cup. 












Double vars. These bloom some- 












what later and are not so charming as 












the single vars. Incotnparabilis Or- 


, 










ange Pbcenix, Eggs and Bacon; (color 












no. 7 & white), very large double 












cream white and orange flower of 












great beauty. Incotnparabilis plenus, 












Butter and Eggs; (color no. 2, centre 












5), large double yellow flowers with 


v 










orange centres. Incomparabilis Silver 












Pbcenix, Codlins and Cream; (color 












no. 3 & white), one of the finest dou- 












ble sorts, with large pale creamy white 












fragrant flowers. 






"Yellow" 
3 


JONQUIL 


*Narcfssus 
Jonquilla & 


Delicate and graceful species; 2-6 
flowers on a stalk. Plant in Sept. or 


8-15 in. 
Half 


Apr., 
early 






vars. 


Oct., 5 in. deep and 3 in. apart. Prop. 


sbade 


May 








by offsets. Any good well-drained 


best 










soil. Give an occasional top-dressing. 












S. Europe; Algeria. See Plate, page 












30. 
Vars. Double and Single, Sweet 












scented; deep yellow. Campernelle; 












(color no. 5), large deep yellow flow- 












ers, excellent for cutting. Rugulosus; 












(color no. 4), very fragrant deep yel- 












low flowers; the largest Jonquil. 






"Yellow 


COMMON 


**Narcissus 


Hardy and common species. Usual- 


i2-i8in. 


Late 


mixed" 


OR 

TRUMPET 


Pseudo- 
Narcissus 


ly a single Trumpet Narcissus, but hav- 
ing also double forms in which the 


Half 
sbade 


Apr.. 
May 




DAFFODIL, 
LENT LILY 


vars. 


trumpet disappears. Plant in Sept. 
or Oct., 6-8 in. deep and 4 in. apart. 


best 










Cover in winter and separate after 5 












or 6 years. Plant in rows or masses in 












the border or on the edge of shrub- 












bery. Prop, by offsets. Any good 







YELLOW 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonym* 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








well-drained soil. Give an occasional 












top-dressing. 












The following is a list of hybrids. 












This is an especially beautiful group, 












but not so hardy as the Medium 












Trumpet Narcissus. 






"Yellow 
mixed" 






Large Trumpet Narcissi. Single 
vars. **Ard Rigb; (color nos. 3 & 


12-15 in. 
Half 


Apr. 
to 








4), large flowers blooming early. 


sbade 


mid. 








** Emperor; (color no. 3, cup 4), im- 


best 


May 








mense flowers with golden yellow 












trumpets, and deep primrose base-pet- 












als; hardy. *GolaenSpur; (color no. 












3, cup 4), large flowers with immense 












trumpets. *Henry Irving; (color no. 












4), very handsome golden yellow flow- 












ers with large trumpet recurved at the 












tip, and broad overlapping base-pet- 












als. *Jobnstoni, Queen of Spain; 












(color no. 2), sulphur-yellow flowers; 












blossoms early. * Nanus; (color no. 












3), about 6 in. high, bearing clear yel- 












low flowers which bloom early. *Ob- 












vallaris, Tenby Daffodil; (color nos. 












4 & 3 bright), bright yellow flowers 












with wide trumpets and broad base- 












petals; quite hardy. *Princeps; 












(color no. 2, cup 3), large yellow 












trumpets and pale primrose bas-pet- 












als. **Rugilobus; (color no. 4 to 3 












light), large golden yellow trumpets 
and broad primrose base-petals; a free 
bloomer. **Spurius; (between color 












nos. 3 & 5), one of the finest Trum- 












pet Daffodils, clear yellow flowers 












with large wide-mouthed trumpets. 












**Trumpet Major; (color no. 5), 












very effective golden yellow flowers. 












** Trumpet Maximus; (color no. 2, 












cup 5), golden yellow flowers with 












fringed trumpets and twisted base- 












petals. *Trumpet Minor; is a dwarf 










' 


form of T. Maximus, about 5 in. high. 












* Empress; (color no. 2, cup 4), one of 












the best Daffodils, rich yellow trum- 












pet and broad cream-white base-pet- 












als. ** Grandee Maximus; (color no. 












2, cup 5), large golden yellow trumpet 
and broad cream-white finely imbri- 












cated base-petals. **Horsfieldii, 












King of the Daffodils; (color no. 2, 












cup 5), large golden yellow trumpet 












and cream-white base-petals. *Scot- 












ticus; (color no. 4), deep yellow trum- 












pet beautifully serrated, white basie- 












petals; not quite hardy. 












Double vars. Telemonius plenus, Van 












Sion; "Old Double Yellow Daffodil"; 












(color nos. 5 & 6), very large deep gold- 












en yellow flowers. See Plate, page 33. 








33 





ENGLISH COWSLIP. Primula officinolis. 




34 



ORANGE GLOBE FLOWER. Trollius Asiaticus. 



YELLOW 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
5 or 6 


ICELAND 
POPPY 


**Papaver 

nudicaule 


Lovely plant. Large solitary cup- 
shaped flowers on graceful leafless 


9-1 5 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Apr. 


brilliant 






stems; nodding buds. Not enduring; 




to 








should be treated as an annual. If 




July, 








cut back flowers almost continuously 




late 








from spring until frost. Mass in bor- 




Aug. 








der or rock-garden. Prop, by seed. 




to Oct. 








Light rather rich soil. Arctic Regions. 






"Pale 


COMMON 


*Primula 


Several solitary flowers, i in. across 


6-9 in. 


Mid. 


yellow" 


EUROPEAN 


acaulis 


on naked stems, rise above the pretty 


Half 


Apr. 


2 


OR TRUE 
PRIMROSE 


P. grandi flora 
P. vulgar is 


tuft of foliage. Slight protection 
needed in winter. Very pretty in 


shade 


to 
June 








sheltered positions in the rock-garden 












or border. Prop, by seed and offsets. 












Rich light soil, not dry. England; 












Europe. 






"Yellow" 
3 


ENGLISH 
COWSLIP 


**Pnmula 
officinalis 


Six to twelve small cup-shaped flow- 
ers drooping in one-sided clusters 


6-12 in. 
Half 


Late 
Apr. 








which rise high above the rosette of 


shade 


to late 








foliage. Charming in sheltered posi- 




May 








tions in the rock-garden or border. 












Protect in winter. Prop, by seed. 












Rich light soil, not dry ; N. and Cen- 












tral Europe. See Plate, page 34. 






"Orange 


ORANGE 


**Tr611ius 


Large solitary flowers, 1-2 in. across, 


li-2ft. 


Late 


yellow" 


GLOBE 


Asiaticus 


less globular than T. Europseus, on 


Sun or 


Apr. 


6 


FLOWER 




leafy stems. Foliage bronze-green 


half 


to late 








and finely divided. Good for cutting. 


shade 


May, 








Popular border plant. Prop, by divi- 
sion or seed which will flower the sec- 




early 
Aug. 








ond year. Prefers a damp peaty soil. 




to Oct. 








Siberia. See Plate, page 34. 






"Yellow" 


TULIP 


**Tulipavars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 








color "various," page 64. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Yellow" 


TULIP 


**TWipa vars. 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 




(C 








color "various," page 64. 






"Yellow" 


VARIE- 


Tussilago 


Somewhat coarse spreading plant. 


6-8 in. 


Apr. 


3 


GATED 


Farfara 


Dandelion-like flowers. Grown chiefly 


Shade 






COLTSFOOT 


var. 


for its large downy leaves margined 










variegata 


and spotted with white. Apt to 












spread too readily. Wild garden. 












Associate with ferns, etc. Prop, by 












runners. Grows in stiff clay. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


**VJola 


One of the many charming yellow 


5-8 in. 


Late 


6 


HORNED 


cornuta 


varieties of this species. Excellent for 


Sun or 


Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


var. 


border or rock-garden. Prop, by seed, 


half 


until 




BEDDING 


lutea major 


division or cuttings. Any good soil. 


shade 


frost 




PANSY 










"Yellow" 


HAIRY 


Viola 


Common in our woods. Softly 


6-12 in. 


Late 


effect 
2 light 


YELLOW 
VIOLET 


pube*scens 


downy. Lower petals purple veined. 
Broad heart-shaped leaves. Plant in 


Half 
shade 


Apr. 
to late 








a shady part of rock or wild garden. 




May 








Prop, sometimes by seed, generally 












by division. N. Amer. 







35 



YELLOW, ORANGE, RED 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


EARLY OR 


Zizia aurea 


Flowers in flat-topped clusters. 


I-2$ft. 


Late 


4 


GOLDEN 




Plant in masses in the wild garden. 


Sun 


Apr. 




MEADOW 




N. Amer. 




to late 




PARSNIP 








May 


"Orange 


GOLDEN 


Bloomeria 


Round clump of flowers surmount- 


6- 1 8 in. 


Apr., 


yellow" 


BLOOM- 
ERIA 


aurea 
Notboscor- 


ing a slender stem. Foliage grass-like 
springing from the root. Winter pro- 


Sun 


May 






dum aureum 


tection of leaves or litter. Bulbous. 












Flowers from seed in 4 years. Warm 












sandy soil. Cal. 






"Or- 


DUTCH 


**Hyacinthus 


See color "various," page 59. 




Late 


ange" 


HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Deep 
orange" 


ORANGE 
ICELAND 


*Papaver 
nudicaule 


Charming large cup-shaped flowers 
on graceful erect and leafless stems; 


9- 1 5 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Apr. 


bet 


POPPY 


var. 


buds nodding. Treat as an annual. 




to 


12 & 17 




aurantiacum 


If cut back flowers almost continuous- 




July, 








ly from spring until frost. Rock-gar- 




ate 








den or border. Prop, by seed. Light 




Aug. 








soil, fairly rich. Arctic Regions. 




to Oct. 


"Deep 
orange" 


SMALL 
ICELAND 


*Papaver 

nudicaule 


Very showy var. See P. nudicaule 
var. aurantiacum. 


9-1 5 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


var. 






July, 


12&17 




miniatum 






mid. 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Scarlet" 


WILD 


*Aquilegia 


Compact native plant of slender 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


19 & 4 


COLUMBINE 


Canade*nsis 


growth, with many flowers. Effect is 


Sun or 


Apr. 








scarlet, but petals are yellow, with 


shade 


to 








spurs of brilliant scarlet and protrud- 




mid. 








ing stamens. Pretty foliage. Useful 




June 








for wild or rock-garden. Prop, pref- 












erably by seed. Any ordinary soil. 












N. Amer. See Plate, page 37. 






"Orange 


CALIFOR- 


*Aquilegia 


Drooping yellow - tinged flowers 


2-3 ft. 


Apr. 


scarlet" 


NIAN 


truncata 


with short blunt petals and stout 


Sun or 


to 


17 


COLUM- 


A. Calif dr- 


spurs. Border plant. Prop, by seed 


half 


early 




BINE 


nica, 


or careful division. Sandy loam, deep 


shade 


June 






A. eximea 


and well-drained. Cal. 






"Red" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacinthus 


See color "various," page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Brown- 


ILL- 


*Trfllium 


Charming flowers on graceful stems 


I ft. 


Late 


ish red" 


SCENTED 


ere"ctum 


from which spring broad dark leaves. 


or more 


Apr. 


28 


WAKE- 


T. pendulum 


Pretty for damp borders, to plant 


Half 


to 


neutral & 
lighter 


ROBIN 


T. purpureum 
T. fdtidum 


among ferns, or to naturalize under 
trees. Prop, by seed or division. A 


shade 


early 
June 








rich moist soil is best. N. Amer. 






"Red" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 






vars. 


color "various," page 64. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Red" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 




it 






vars. 


color "various," page 04. 








37 




RED, PINK 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Red" 
19 


GREIG'S 
TULIP 


**TMipa 
Greigii 


Very showy. Large flowers 5 in. 
across with dark spots at base of pet- 


3-8 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Apr. 








als. Leaves marked with purple. Ef- 




to 








fective in masses. Plant in late Sept. 




mid. 








or Oct. at a depth of 4 in. to the bot- 




May 








tom of the bulb, allowing 4 in. between 












each. Best to protect in winter and to 












give an occasional top-dressing. Prop, 
by offsets. Light soil. If drainage is 






t 






poor, put sand around the bulb. Tur- 
kestan. See Plate, page 38. 






"Intense 


LAUCHE'S 


**Armeria 


Flowers in dense heads spring from 


3-6 in. 


Late 


pink" 


THRIFT OR 


maritima 


cushions of foliage. Easily grown and 


Sun 


Apr. 


27 lighter 


SEA PINK 


var. 


blooms profusely. Excellent for rock- 




to 






Laucheana 


garden or for edging. Prop, by seed 




mid. 






A. Laucbeana 


and division. Any garden soil. Hort. 




June 


"Pink" 
31 deeper 


LEICH- 
TLIN'S 


*Aubrietia 
deltoidea 


Creeping ptant, usually evergreen, 
covered in spring with a profusion of 


2-10 in. 
Sun or 


Late 
Apr., 


& redder 


ROCK 


var. 


flowers. Leaves grayish. Attractive 


half 


May 




CRESS 


Leichtlini 


when trailing over rocks and when 


shade 










used for edgings. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion or cuttings. Easily grown. S. 












Europe. 






"Pink" 


ENGLISH 


*Bfllis 


A plant of neat effect. Rays white, 


3-6 in. 


Mid. 


29 & 


DAISY 


pere*nnis 


tipped with pink or red, so numerous 


Sun 


Apr. 


white 






as frequently to conceal the yellow 




to 








centre. Should be protected in winter. 




mid. 








Desirable for edging and border. Prop. 




June 








by seed in spring or division in Sept. 












Rich soil. W. Europe. See Plate, 












page 41. 






"Rose" 


CAROLINA 


Claytonia 


Spreading dwarf plant. Flowers in 


6 in. 


Late 


36& 23 


SPRING 


Caroliniana 


loose racemes on slender stems, pretty, 


Half 


Apr., 




BEAUTY 




but of few days' duration. Good for 


shade 


May 








the wild or rock-garden. Tuberous 












plant. Prefers moist soil. Minn, to 












the Atlantic and S. to the Mts. of 












N. C. 






"Light 


SPRING 


Clayt6nia 


Flowers are larger and more nu- 


6- 1 2 in. 


Apr., 


pink" 


BEAUTY 


Virginica 


merous than in C. Caroliniana. Slen- 


Half 


May 


36 






der stem bears loose clusters of star- 


shade 










shaped flowers, veined with deeper 












pink, which pass quickly. Plant six 












to twelve together in wild or rock- 












garden. Tuberous plant. Moist rich 












soil. Middle and Eastern U. S. A. 






"Deep 
pink" 


GARLAND 
FLOWER 


**Daphne 

Cneorum 


Charming dense trailing evergreen 
shrub with close clusters of deliciously 


6- 1 2 in. 
Sun or 


Late 
Apr., 


29 






fragrant flowers and crimson buds. 


half 


May 








Attractive dark glossy foliage. Often 


shade 










blooms again in summer. Plant in 












sheltered position in front of shrubs 












or in the rock-garden. Prop, by layers 












or cuttings of half ripe wood. Light 












loam well-drained and enriched. Eu- 












rope. 







39 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Var. majus; (color no. 30), "deep 












pink." Of stronger growth than the 












type. Hort. 






"Rose*' 


BLEEDING 


**Dice*ntra 


The best species of Dicentra. An 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


30 


HEART 


spectabilis 


excellent perennial. Arching stems 


Half 


Apr. 






Dielyira 


bear drooping heart-shaped flowers 


shade 


to 






spectdbilis 


with white protuberances. Handsome 
deeply-cut foliage. Good old-fash- 


best 


mid. 
July 








ioned border plant. Prop, by division 












of crown or roots. Light loam not too 












rich. Japan. 






"Pinkish" 


MAY- 


*Epigfca 


The well-known and lovely plant, 


2-4 in. 


Apr., 


36 or 29 


FLOWER, 
TRAILING 


repens 


native of the woods, with fragrant 
flowers in clusters amidst dark glossy 


Shade 


early 
May 




ARBUTUS, 




foliage. Difficult of culture. Plant in 








GROUND 




the wild garden. Prop, by layers, 








LAUREL 




cuttings or division. Moist soil, sand 












and leaf-mold. U. S. A. east of the 












Mississippi. 






"Pink" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacinthus 


See color "various," page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Pink" 


RED 


*L?chnis 


Star-like flowers in showy clusters. 


6-12 in. 


U 


29 pale 


ALPINE 


alpina 


Foliage thick at base of plant. Plant 


Sun 






CAMPION 


Viscaria 


in the border or rock-garden. Prop. 










alpina 


by seed or division. Ordinary light 












garden soil. N. Asia; Europe; Amer. 






"Ma- 


DARK 


*Phl6x 


Creeping evergreen plant covered 


4-6 in. 


cc 


genta" 


PURPLE 


subulata 


with masses of small flowers which 


Sun 




bet. 44 & 


MOSS PINK 


var. atropur- 


rise from a moss-like bed of foliage. 






38 dull 




purea 


Good carpeting plant for rock-garden 












or border. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Dry light soil. Hort. 






"Rose" 


LEAFY 


*Phl6x 


For description and cultivation see 


4-6 in. 


(i 




MOSS PINK 


subulata 


P. subulata var. atropurpurea. Hort. 


Sun 








var. frondbsa 








"Pink" 


THICK- 


*Saxifraga 


Showy and spreading. Drooping 


12-15 i n - 


Late 


bet. 29 at 


LEAVED 


crassifdlia 


masses of flowers high above the large 


Half 


Apr. 


32 


SAXIFRAGE 




clustered leaves. Protect in winter. 


shade 


to late 








One of the most popular rock-plants. 




May 








Prop, by division or offshoots. Any 
soil. Siberia. 






"Bright 
pink" 29 


WELD PINK 


*Silene 
Pennsylva"- 
nica 


Small attractive plant. Flowers in 
nodding clusters of 6 or 8 about i in. 
across. Foliage mostly about the root. 


6-9 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Apr., 
May 








Good rock-garden plant. Prop, by 
seed or cuttings. Sandy soil. Eastern 












U. S. A. 






"Pale 


TINY 


Trfllium 


Flowers small, about an inch long, 


i ft. 


Late 


flesh- 
color" 


TRILLIUM 


pusilluni 


on erect stems. Leaves lance-shaped 
or oblong. Pretty in moist borders 


Half 
shade 


Apr. 
to late 


white 






among ferns and naturalized under 




May 


turns 36 






trees. Prop, by seed and division. 












Rich moist soil. N. Amer. 






"Pink" 


TULIP 


**Tiilipa 
vars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 
color "various," page 64. 








40 




or ~ 




ALPINE THRIFT. Armeria alpina. 



PINK, PURPLE TO LILAC 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 






vars. 


color "various," page 64. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Rosy" 


DOUBLE 


Vinca 


A rare form with double flowers of 


2-6 in. 


Late 


bet. 


PINK PERI- 


minor var. 


unusual and conspicuous color. Its 


Sun 


Apr. 


36&37 


WINKLE 


rosea plena 


habit of growth is the same as that of 




to 




OR MYRTLE 




the Common Myrtle. Prop, by divi- 




June 








sion or cuttings. Any ordinary garden 












soil. Hort. 






"Pale 


CAROLINA 


Anem6ne 


Single flowers i-i in. across on 


6-12 in. 


Apr., 


purple" 


WIND- 


Caroliniana 


slender stems. Color varies to white. 


Sun 


May 


white to 


FLOWER 


A. decapetala 


Foliage much divided. Wild garden. 






44 bluer 






Tuberous. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Rather rich light sandy loam. 












U. S. A. 






"Lilac" 


AMERICAN 


*Anem6ne 


Star-shaped flowers on erect stems. 


4-9 in. 


i< 


50 


PASQUE 


patens var. 


Fine foliage. Good for the wild gar- 


Shade 






FLOWER, 


Nuttalliana 


den. Prop, by seed or division. U. 








WILD 


Pulsatilla 


S. A.; Siberia. 








PATENS 


hirsutissima 












(Brit.) 








"Purple" 


PASQUE 


*Anem6ne 


Flowers varying to lilac, i-2$ in. 


9-12 in. 


Early 


44 or 37 


FLOWER 


Pulsatflla 


across, erect on hairy stems. Leaves 


Sun or 


Apr. 






Pulsatilla 


much divided. Adapted for rockwork 


shade 


to late 






vulgaris 


or border. Prop, by seed or division. 




May 






A. acutipetala 


Well-drained or rocky soil. Europe; 












Siberia. 






"Pinkish 


ALPINE 


*Armeria 


Flowers in compact heads spring 


6-9 in. 


Late 


laven- 


THRIFT 


alpina 


from cushions of needle-like ever- 


Sun 


Apr. 


der" 37 






green foliage. Blooms freely and is of 




to 








easiest culture'. Excellent for rock- 




mid. 








garden and for edging. Prop, by seed 




June 








and division. Any garden soil. Eu- 












rope. See Plate, page 42. 






"Dark 
violet" 


PURPLE 
ROCK 


**Aubrietia 
deltoidea 


Creeping Alpine plant usually ever- 
green and covered in blooming season 


2-ioin. 
Sun or 


Early 
Apr. 


48 or 47 


CRESS 




with a profusion of small flowers. 


half 


to late 








Leaves grayish. Pretty for rock-gar- 


shade 


May 








den, border and edging. Prop, by 












seed, layers and cuttings. Any garden 












soil. S. Europe. 






"Dark 


EYRE'S 


Aubrietia 


Large flowered and branching var. 


2-ioin. 


Late 


violet" 


PURPLE 


deltoidea 


Rock plant of trailing habit thickly 


Sun 


Apr., 


48 lighter 


ROCK 


var. Eyrei 


covered with flowers when in bloom. 




May 




CRESS 




Good for edging and rock-garden. 












Prop, by layers and cuttings. Thrives 












in stony places or any garden soil. 












S. Europe. 






"Dark 


GRECIAN 


*Aubrietia 


A compact large-flowered var. 


2-ioin. 


Mid. 


violet" 


PURPLE 


deltoidea 


Hort. 


Sun 


Apr. 


46 & 


ROCK 


var. 






to late 


white 


CRESS 


Graeca 






May 



43 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Dark 


OLYMPIAN 


*Aubrietia 


Large flowers. Similar to var. 


2- 10 in. 


Late 


violet" 


PURPLE 


deltoidea 


Eyrei. Hort. 


Sun 


Apr., 


56 


ROCK 


var. 






May 




CRESS 


Ol^mpica 








"Purple" 
47 light 


DEEP 
PURPLE 


*Aubrietia 
deltoidea 


More erect than the type, with 
larger flowers borne on leafy stalks, 


2-ioin. 
Sun or 


Mid. 
Apr. 




ROCK 


var. 


covering the plant with bloom. 


half 


to late 




CRESS 


purpurea 


Pretty for edging or for carpeting. 


shade 


May 








Prop, by seed, cuttings or layers. 
Rich deep loam is best. Europe. 






"Rosy 


SPRING 


**Bulboc6- 


One to three flowers resembling 


4-6 in. 


Apr. 


purple" 


MEADOW- 
SAFFRON 


lium 
ve*rnum 


Crocuses spring from each bulb. 
Large broad leaves appear after the 


Sun 










flowers. Rock - garden or border. 












Bulbs should be divided every 3 












years. Prop, by offsets. Plant in 












light sandy soil. Alps of Europe. 






"Rosy 


BEAR'S 


Cortusa 


Choice but delicate downy Alpine 


6 in. 


Apr., 


purple" 


EAR 


Matthioli 


plant resembling Primula cortusoides. 


Half 


May 


39 


SANICLE 




Drooping flowers in clusters. Winter 


shade or 










protection necessary. Rock-garden 


shade 










plant. Prop, by seed sown when gath- 












ered. Moist loam, sand and peat. 












Swiss Alps. 






"Purple" 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 


See page 8. 




Mid. 






vars. 






Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 


"Lilac" 
often bet. 


COMMON 
DOGTOOTH 


**Erythr6- 
nium 


Pretty solitary drooping flowers; 
color varies from rosy purple to white. 


4-6 in. 
Half 


Late 
Apr., 


43&4S 


VIOLET 


Dens-Canis 


Leaves mottled with reddish brown. 


shade 


May 




of Europe 




Perfectly hardy. Excellent in rock- 












crannies or for naturalization. Bul- 












bous. Prop, by offsets. Light fibrous 












soil. Central Europe. See Plate, 












page 45. 






"Deep 
purple" 


PURPLE 
FRITILLARY 


*Fritillaria 
atropurpurea 


One to six bell-shaped flowers faint- 
ly checkered with green droop from 


12-15 in. 
Shade 


Mid. 
Apr. 


42 lighter 






leafy stems. Division every 3 or 4 




to 








years necessary. Bulbous. Prop, by 




June 








offsets. Sandy and open loam mixed 












with leaf-mold. 






"Purple 


TWO- 


*Fritillaria 


Two to ten open bell-shaped flowers 


1-2 ft. 





black" 


FLOWERED 


bifldra 


with green tints, droop from leafy 


Half 




56 


FRITILLARY 




stems. Leaves in whorls. Replanting 


shade 










every 3 or 4 years necessary. Bulbous. 
Prop, by offsets. Rich sandy loam. 






"Deep 


BLACK 


*Fritfflaria 


One to three drooping bell-shaped 


6- 1 8 in. 





purple" 


LILY 


Camtschat- 


flowers on a stem. Deep purple lance- 


Shade 




21 




c6nsis 


shaped leaves. Plant in the border. Di- 






purpler 




Lilium Camt- 


vision every 3 or 4 years necessary. 










scbatctnse 


Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. Rich 












deep and sandy soil. Siberia; West- 












ern N. Amer. 







44 





45 




4 6 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Livid 


RUSSIAN 


*Fritillaria 


Drooping bell-shaped flowers, 1-3 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


purple" 


FRITILLARY 


Ruthe"nica 


on a stem. Lance-shaped leaves. For 
location and cultivation see F. Camt- 


Shade 


Apr. 
to 








schatcensis. Caucasus Regions. 




mid. 












May 


"Reddish 


DARK-RED 


*HelleT>orus 


See page 4. 




Mar., 


purple" 


EASTERN 


orientalis 






early 


42 


HELLEBORE 


var. 






Apr. 






atr6rubens 












H. o. var. 












Cdlchicus 








"Pur- 


SWAMP 


Helbnias 


Very showy. Twenty to thirty 


I -2 ft. 


Apr., 


plish" 


OR 


bullata 


flowers crowded in terminal racemes. 


Sun or 


May 


44 deeper 


STUD PINK 




Long dark green leaves. Excellent 


shade 










bog plant; also good for edge of stream 












or moist sandy border. Bulbous. 












Prop, by division or offsets. Multi- 












plies rapidly. Any soil, preferably 












moist. Eastern U. 5. A. 






"Purple 


DUTCH 


**Hyacfnthus 


See color "various," page 59. 




Late 


& lilac" 


HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Blue 


SLENDER 


*Iris ve"rna 


Sweet-scented species. Stems very 


6 in. 


u 


violet" 


DWARF 




short, giving a dwarfed effect; free 


Half 




55 


IRIS 




blooming. Grassy leaves. Spreads 


shade 










rapidly. Plant in masses in sheltered 












spots. Ohio and southward. 






"Bluish 


SPRING 


**Lthyrus 


Tufted plant with small pea-like 


12-15 in. 


Mid. 


violet" 
39 


BITTER 
VETCH 


v6rnus 
Orobus vernus 


flowers; good for cutting. Pale green 
foliage. Grows well in almost any sit- 


Sun 


Apr. 
to late 








uation. Excellent for rock-garden and 




May 








border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any good garden soil. S. and Central 












Europe. 






"Pinkish 


TRAILING 


*Phl6x 


A choice dwarf plant closely re- 


3-5 in. 


Late 


purple" 
27 lighter 


PHLOX 


proctimbens 


lated to P. amoena but lower growing. 
Stems prostrate and terminated with 


Sun 


Apr. 
to late 


& more 






panicles of flowers. Excellent for 




May 


purple 






front row of border or rock-garden. 












Dr. Asa Gray regarded this plant as a 












hybrid between P. amoena and P. 












subulata. Prop, by division. See 












Plate, page 46. 






"Pale 


LILAC 


*Phl6x 


Masses of small flowers cover the 


4-6 in. 


Late 


lilac" 


MOSS PINK 


subulata 


mossy bed of foliage. Good for car- 


Sun 


Apr.. 


50 




var. lilacina 


peting rock-garden or border. Prop. 




May 








by seed, division or cuttings. Soil 












light and dry. Hort. 






"Lilac" 


HEART- 


*Saxifraga 


Flowers in thick panicles half hid- 


12-15 in - 


Late 


39 


LEAVED 
SAXIFRAGE 


cordifdlia 


den by the large dark and heart-shaped 
foliage. Protect in winter. Beautiful 


Half 
shade 


Apr. 
to late 








foliage plants for rocky places. Prop, 
by division or offshoots. Any ordi- 




May 








nary garden soil. Siberia. See Plate, 












page 49. 







47 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple' 


PURPLE OR 


Saxifraga 


Flowers solitary on leafy stalks, so 


2-6 in. 


Late 


53 


MOUNTAIN 


oppositifolia 


numerous as almost to cover the pur- 


Sun or 


Apr., 


brighter 


SAXIFRAGE 




plish mossy evergreen foliage. For 


shade 


May 








carpeting rock-gardens or for edging. 












Prop, by division. Sandy moist soil. 












Europe; N. Amer. There are several 












vars. 






"Violet" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 








color "various," page 04. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Violet" 


COMMON 


*Vinca 


Evergreen trailer. Large solitary 


8-10 in. 


Late 


49 


PERIWIN- 
KLE, BLUE, 


minor 


flowers. Dark glossy foliage. Spreads 
rapidly forming a thick carpet for bare 


Sun or 
shade 


Apr. 
to 




RUNNING 




places, under trees and for rock-gar- 




June 




OR TRAIL- 




dens. Prop, by division or cuttings. 








ING MYRTLE 




Easily cultivated in any ordinary soil. 












Europe. 












Var. ccerulea (V . ccerulea\ has bluer 












flowers than the type. Hort. Var. 












plena, has double flowers. Var. aurea 












variegata, foliage variegated with yel- 
low. 






"Violet" 


HORNED 


**VIola 


Charming tufted plant of strong 


5-8 in. 


Late 


47 or 49 


VIOLET, 


cornuta 


growth; bears a profusion of faintly 


Sun or 


Apr. 




BEDDING 




scented flowers the size of a small 


half 


until 




PANSY 




Pansy. Good for cutting. Pretty 


shade 


frost 








bright foliage. Excellent for border 












or rock-garden or for spring bedding. 












Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Any good soil. Pyrenees. 






"Violet" 


SWEET 


Viola odorata 


Parent of the cultivated Violet; 


6 in. 


Late 


48 or 47 


VIOLET 




tufted, with creeping runners. Flow- 


Half 


Apr. 








ers very fragrant, varying to reddish 


shade 


to late 








purple. Heart-shaped leaves. Should 




May 








be naturalized in large quantities. 












Prop, by seed or division. Loose rich 












sandy soil preferable. Europe; Africa; 












N. Asia. 






"Violet" 


EARLY 


Viola 


Flowers sometimes striped with 


2-6 in. 


Late 


53 


BLUE 


palmata 


white, growing in very dense clumps 


Half 


Apr., 




VIOLET 


'/. cucullata 


intermingled with foliage. Leaves 


bade 


Way 






var. palmata 


heart-shaped. Good to naturalize in 












shady spots. Prop, by division. A 












rather heavy sandy loam is best. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






"Violet" 


COMMON 


Viola palmata 


Commonest species in the east. 


2-6 in. 


Late 


46 


BLUE OR 


var. cucullata 


Thick clumps of leaves and flowers. 


Half 


Apr. 




LARGE 




Good for naturalizing. For cultiva- 


bade 


olate 




AMERICAN 




tion see V. palmata. Atlantic States. 




May 




VIOLET 










"Sky- 


APENNINE 


*Anem6ne 


Flowers i in. across. This and 


4-9 in. 


Apr., 


blue" 


WIND- 


Apennina 


white var. well suited for the wild 


Shade 


VI ay 


52 


FLOWER 




garden. Prop, by division. Any good 
garden soil, though a well-drained 












rich sandy loam is best. Somewhat 












tender. Italy. 







48 




49 





VIRGINIAN COWSLIP. Mertensia pulmonarioides. 



BLUE 



APRIL 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Sky- 


BLUE 


*Anemdne 


Flowers star-like. Foliage divided 


4-6 in. 


Apr., 


blue" 


WINTER 


blanda 


and toothed. Excellent for rock-gar- 


Sun 


May 


52 


WIND- 




den and to naturalize. Prop, by seed 






intense 


FLOWER 




and division. Rich sandy and well- 








OR 




drained loam. Asia Minor; Greece. 








ANEMONE 










"Blue" 


ROBINSON'S 


*Anem6ne 


Superior to A. nemorosa. Solitary 


6- 1 2 in. 


Mid. 


44 tinged 


WOOD 


nemorbsa 


flowers i in. or more across. Attrac- 


Half 


Apr. 


blue 


ANEMONE 


var. Robin- 


tive foliage. Good for rockwork, for 


shade 


to 






soniana 
A. n. var. 


naturalizing and for border. Prop, by 
seed and division. Rich well-drained 




June 






ccerulea 


loam. Hort. 






"Blue" 


ALLEN'S 


*Chionod6xa 


See page 4. 




Mid. 


52 


GLORY OF 


Alleni 






Mar. 




THE SNOW 


Chionoscilla 






to 






Alleni 






early 












May 


"Blue" 


GLORY OF 


**Chionod6xa 


See page 7. 




H 


52 & 


THE SNOW 


Luciliae 








white 












"Blue" 


GIANT 


**Chionoddxa 


See page 7. 




li 


52 or 63 


GLORY OF 


Lucfliae 










THE SNOW 


var. 












gigantea 








"Blue" 


TMOLUS' 


*Chionod6xa 


See page 7. 




M 


52 


GLORY OF 


Lucfliae 










THE SNOW 


var. Tmolusi 












C. Tmolusi 








"Gentian 


SARDIAN 


*Chionod6xa 


See page 7. 




< 


blue" 


GLORY OF 


Sarde*nsis 








52 deeper 


THE SNOW 










"Light 


VERNAL 


*Gentiana 


Beautiful Alpine plant of tufted 


3 in. 


Apr. 


blue" 60 


GENTIAN 


ve"rna 


habit. Solitary salver-form flowers. 


Sun 


to 


deeper & 
brilliant 






Rock-garden. Prop, by seed when just 
ripe. Deep sandy loam, moist but well- 




early 
June 








drained. Alps; Caucasus; GreatBritain. 






"Bluish" 


SHARP- 


*Hepdtica 


Resembles H. triloba, but the lobes 


4-6 in. 


Apr., 


near 44 


LOBED OR 


acutfloba 


of the leaves are more pointed. East- 


Half 


early 




HEART 


H. triloba var. 


ern U. S. A. 


shade 


May 




LIVER LEAF 


acuta, Anem- 




or shade 








dne acutiloba 








"Bluish" 


FIVE- 


*Hepa"tica 


Flowers over 2 in. across, sometimes 


4-6 in. 


Late 


53 lighter 


LOBED 
HEPATICA 


anguldsa 

Anemdne 


varying to reddish or white. For cul- 
tivation see H. triloba. Hungary. 


Half 
shade 


Apr., 
early 






anguldsa 




or shade 


Way 


"Bluish" 
near 44 


ROUND- 
LOBED OR 


*Hepdtica 
riloba 


Our common Hepatica. Solitary 
flowers about half an in. across, vary- 


4-6 in. 
Half 





or 46 


KIDNEY 


H. Hepdtica, 


ing to pinkish and white. Leaves three 


shade 






LIVER LEAF 


Anemone 


lobed. Good for eastern and northern 


or shade 








-lepdtica, 


exposures in the rock-garden or for 










A. triloba 


naturalizing under trees. Do not dis- 












turb. Prop, by seed and division. Well- 












drained soil and enriched with leaf- 












mold. Eastern U. S. A.; Asia; Europe. 







BLUE 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacinthus 


See color "various," page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Blue" 


VIRGINIAN 


*Merte"nsia 


The handsomest species of Merten- 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


57 deeper 
turns to 


COWSLIP, 
BLUE BELLS 


pulmona- 

rioides 


sia. Pretty tubular flowers, which 
turn pink, in pendent clusters, the ef- 


Sun or 

half 


Apr. 
to late 


29 




M. Virglnica 


fect being a mixture of pink and blue. 


shade 


May 








Large bluish-gray leaves. Charming 












for the border and for rocky places. 












Prop, by seed when just gathered, and 












by division. Rich loose soil. Eastern 












U. S. A. See Plate, page 50. 






"Blue" 


COMMON 


**Muscari 


Pretty bulb. Small globular scent- 


6-9 in. 


Apr., 


63 or 


GRAPE 


botryoides 


less flowers in dense clusters. Rather 


Sun or 


May 


paler 


HYACINTH 


Hyacinthus 


narrow leaves spring from the root. 


half 








botryoides 


Plant in masses in the border or rock- 


shade 










garden with Narcissi, etc. It makes a 












pretty edging to beds of bulbs. Prop. 












by offsets. Ordinary garden soil. 












Europe; Orient. See Plate, page 53. 






"Dark 


DARK 


*Muscari 


Flowers small and scentless, in short 


6- 10 in. 


ti 


blue" 


PURPLE 


commuta- 


racemes. Narrow leaves. Plant in 


Sun or 




49 redder 


GRAPE 


tum 


masses in rock-garden or margin of 


half 






HYACINTH 




border. Bulbous. Prop, by seed and 


shade 










offsets. Any ordinary soil. Sicily. 






"Blue" 


TUFTED 


*Muscari 


Flowers 40-100 on a long stalk; the 


I ft. 


H 


63 duller 


GRAPE 


comdsum 


lower ones brownish green, projecting 


Sun or 






HYACINTH, 


Hyacintbus 


outwards, the upper ones blue or vio- 


half 






PURSE 


comdsus 


let, on upcurved stems. Very long and 


shade 






TASSELS, 




narrow leaves. Bulbous. Prop, by 








TUZZY- 




seed or offsets. Ordinary soil. Orient; 








MUZZY 




Mediterranean Region. 






"Blue" 


FEATH- 


**Muscari 


A distinct form with round fluffy 


i ft. 





63 duller 


ERED, 


comdsum 


flowers which have a feathery effect. 


Sun or 






FAIR- 


van 


Much preferred to the type. Plant in 


half 






HAIRED OR 


monstr&sum 


masses. Bulbous. Prop, by seed and 


shade 






TASSELED 


M . plumdsum 


offsets. Ordinary soil. Hort. 








HYACINTH 


M. p. var. 












monstrbsum 








"Dark 


STARCH 


*Muscari 


Clusters of flowers with plum-like 


4-8 in. 


M 


blue" 


GRAPE 


racemosum 


fragrance rise above long and almost 


Sun or 




61 


HYACINTH 


Hyacintbus 


prostrate leaves. Good for border. 


half 








racemdsus 


Bulbous. Prop, by seed and offsets. 


shade 










Any ordinary soil. Mediterranean 












Region; Caucasus. 






"Deep 


EARLY 


*Myos6tis 


Of tufted habit. Flowers in small 


6-12 in. 


Late 


sky- 


FORGET- 


dissitiflora 


clusters. Foliage large, bright green. 


Sun or 


Apr. 


blue" 58 


ME-NOT 




Biennial, but self perpetuating. Good 


half 


to 


brighter 






for open places in the rock-garden or 


shade 


July 








for naturalizing on grassy banks. 












Prop, by division and cuttings. Pre- 












fers moist soil but will grow almost 












anywhere. Switzerland. 








53 



OF -HE 

UNIVERSITY 




CHICKWEED PHLOX. Phlox stcllaria. 




54 



BETHLEHEM SAGE. Pulmonaria saccharata. 



BLUE, PARTI-COLORED 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and. 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 
58 deeper 


CREEPING 
FORGET- 


*0mphal6des 
ve*rna 


Trailing plant. Pretty flowers like 
Forget-me-nots borne in clusters on an 


6 in. 
Sun or 


Apr.. 
May 




ME-NOT 




erect stem. Excellent for rock-garden 


half 










or for fringing walks. P ro _P- by divi- 


shade 










sion. Cool moist loam. Europe. 






"Pale 


CHICK- 


*Phl6x 


A tufted or creeping Phlox. Flow- 


5-6 in. 


Late 


blue" 


WEED 


Stellaria 


ers varying to bluish white somewhat 


Sun 


Apr., 


50 


PHLOX 




scattered. Rock-garden. Prop, by 




May 








seed, division and cuttings. Light 












well-drained soil. U. S. A. See Plate, 












page 54. 






"Light 


GREEK 


*Polem6nium 


Dwarf bushy plant. Flowers in 


6-8 in. 


Late 


blue" 
bet. 


VALERIAN 


re*ptans 


drooping lax panicles. For rock-gar- 
den or border. Prop, by fall-sown 


Half 
shade 


Apr. 
to 


46& 52 






seed or division. Deep rich loamy 




early 








soil. Eastern U. S. A. 




June 


"Blue" 


BETHLE- 


Pulmonaria 


Tufted plant. Tubular flowers in 


6- 1 8 in. 


Late 


51 


HEM SAGE 


saccharata 


clusters, turn to pink. Smooth leaves. 


Half 


Apr. 








Good in semi-wild spot or in the bor- 


shade 


to late 








der. Prop, by division. Light soil 


or shade 


May 








not too dry is advisable. Europe. 












See Plate, page 54. 






"Blue" 


STAR 


*Scffla 


See page 7. 




Mid. 


61 


HYACINTH 


amdsna 






Mar. 












to 












early 












May 


"Dark 


EARLY 


*Scflla 


See page 7. 




M 


blue" 


SQUILL 


bifdlia 








62 












"China- 


SIBERIAN 


**Scffla 


See page 7. 




f( 


blue" 


SQUILL 


Sibirica 








61 deeper 




S. amcena var. 












PTCBCOX 








"Blue" 


GENTIAN- 


**Ver6nica 


Charming tufted species. Light 


*-2ft. 


Late 


46 or 53 


LEAVED 


gentian- 


blue flowers with dark streaks borne 


Sun or 


Apr. 




SPEED- 


oides 


in erect spikes on leafy stems above 


half 


to late 




WELL 




the glossy foliage. Good to cover bare 


shade 


May 








places in shade or for border and rock- 












garden. Prop, by division. Any soil. 












S. Eastern Europe. 






Parti- 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 


See page 8. 




Mid. 


colored 




vars. 






Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 


Cream & 


SCOTCH OR 


*Cr6cus 


See page 8. 




u 


42 out- 


CLOTH OF 


bifl&rus 








side, 44 


SILVER 










inside 


CROCUS 










Effect 60 


TROLLIUS- 


*Delphfnium 


Long lax racemes of blue and white 


2-5 ft. 


Apr. 


lighter 


LEAVED 


trollifblium 


flowers surmount leafy stalks. Use- 


Sun 






LARKSPUR 




ful for cutting. Second bloom possi- 
ble if flowers are cut when faded. 












Border plant. Prop, in spring or 












autumn by seed division or cuttings; 












transplant every 3 or 4 years. Deep 







55 



PARTI-COLORED, VARIOUS 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








rich soil, sandy and loamy. Western 












U. S. A. 






26,43 
& white 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 


*Epimedium 
macranthum 


Dainty plant as interesting as many 
Orchids. "Outer sepals bright red; 


10-1 5 in. 
Half 


Late 
Apr. 




BARREN- 




inner sepals violet; spurs white." 


shade 


to late 




WORT 




New leaves reddish. Suitable for the 




May 








rock-garden or border. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Any garden soil. Japan. 






1, mark- 


TWISTED- 


*Fritillaria 


Bell-shaped flowers checkered with 


i ft. 


Mid. 


ings 17 


LEAVED 
FRITIL- 


obliqua 


brown and purple. Leaves grayish, 
oblique, numerous. Suitable for 


Sun 


Apr. 
to 




LARY 




mixed border or rock-garden. Bul- 




mid. 








bous. Prop, by offsets. Rich soil, 
well-drained. Greece. 




May 


Parti- 


EASTERN 


*HelleT)orus 


See page 8. 




Mid. 


colored 


HELLEBORE 


orientalis 






Mar. 




FRAU 


var. "Frau 






to 




IRENE 


Irene Heine- 






mid. 




HEINEMANN 


mann" 






Apr. 


Green & 


PURPLISH 


*HelleT>orus 


See page 8. 




ii 


35 


GREEN 


viridis var. 










HELLEBORE 


purpu- 












rascens 








Parti- 


TULIP 


**Tiilipa 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 


colored 




vars. 


color "various," page 64. 




Apr. 
to late 












May 


Various 


CROCUS 


**Cr6cus 
vars. 


See page 8. 




Mid. 
Mar. 












to late 












Apr. 


Various 


SPRING 


*Cr6cus 


See page 8. 




M 




CROCUS 


ve*rnus 








Often 


FLESH- 


Erica carnea 


Branching shrub. Numerous small 


6-9 in. 


Apr., 


near 


COLORED 




bell-shaped flowers, rose, pale red or 


Sun 


May 


22 


HEATH 




white. Needle-like foliage. Protect 












in winter. Plant in rock or wild gar- 












den. Prop, by division and cuttings. 












Soil of peat and sand is best. Europe. 






4, 13, or 
19 more 


CROWN 
IMPERIAL 


**Fritfflaria 

Imperialis 


Showy plant. Bell-shaped flowers, 
red, yellow or orange, droop under an 


2-3 ft. 

OWW, 


Mid. 
Apr. 


orange 






upright crown of leaves. Can be cut 


half 


to 








down when foliage turns brown. Dis- 


shade 


mid. 








agreeable odor. Divide every 2 or 3 


best 


May 








years. Handsome in groups among 












shrubs or in border. Bulbous. Prop. 












by offsets. Deep rich well-drained 












soil. See Plate, page 57. 












Var. *aurea marginata ( F. I. coro- 












nata var. aurea ntarginata); foliage 












striped with gold. Var. variegata, foli- 
age marked with white and gold. 







\ 



CROWN IMPERIAL. Fritillaria imperialis 




57 




POLYANTHUS. Primula Polyantha. 




GUINEA-HEN FLOWER. Fritiliaria Mcleagris. 



VARIOUS 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


GUINEA- 


**Fritillaria 


Large attractive, bell-shaped flow- 


10-12 in. 


Late 




HEN 
FLOWER, 


Meleagris 


ers in light colors checkered with green 
and purple, also white and purple. 


Sun or 

shade 


Apr. 
to late 




SNAKE'S 




Good for cutting. Foliage inconspicu- 




May 




HEAD 




ous. Plant in border and rock-garden. 








CHECK- 




It is well to have them spring through 








ERED LILY 




the green of some low carpeting plant 












like Creeping Phlox. Divide every 2 












or 3 years. Bulbous. Deep sandy 












loam. Europe; Caucasus. See Plate, 












page 58. 






Various 


DUTCH 


**Hyacinthus 


Fragrant flowers in large dense 


8-i8in. 


Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 


spikes surrounded by narrow stiff 


Sun 


Apr., 






vars. 


leaves. Protect with stable manure or 




May 








dry litter. Most effective when planted 












in rows. Plant bulbs 6 in. deep, 5 in. 












apart in Sept. or early Oct. Bulbous. 












Prop, by offsets. Light rich well- 












drained soil. Give an occasional top- 












dressing. S. Eastern Europe; Levant. 












The following are some of the best 












horticultural vars.: 












Single white vars. * Mont Blanc; 












snow white with large bells. *Queen 












of the Netherlands; pure white, of 












great substance. *Snowball; pure 












white with large bells. Grand Vain- 












queur; pure white. **La Grandesse; 












the finest pure white. *Lady Plim- 












soll; white, large truss, very fine. 












L'Innocence; pure white extra large 












bells. Madame van der Hoop; pure 












white, very large bells. *Alba Max- 












ima; pure white, large bells and spike. 
*Alba superbissima; snow white. 












* Baroness van Thuyll; white with 












primrose eye. *Paix de I' Europe, 












large bells, long truss. 












Double white vars. Bouquet Royal; 












white, very double. Grootvorstin; 












pure white. Jenny Lind; white with 
purple eye. *Miss Nightingale; pure 












white. * Prince of Waterloo; pure 












white, large double bells. Sir Bul- 












wer-Lytton; white, large bells. 












Single yellow vars. *Bird of Para- 












dise; (color no. 2), beautiful clear yel- 












low, magnificent spike; one of the 












best. *Ida; (color no. i), clear prim- 












rose yellow, large and superb spike. 
* King of the Yellows; (color no. 3), 












pure yellow, large bells in long sym- 
metrical spike. L' 'Or d'Australie; 












(color no. 2), pure deep yellow, long 












and very handsome truss. *0be- 












lesque; (color no. 2 deeper), pure yel- 
low, large truss. Yellow Hammer; 












(color no. 2 warmer), golden yellow. 







59 



VARIOUS 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Double yellow vars. Goetbe; (color 












no. 3 light), light yellow almost white, 












large spike. Minerva,- orange yellow, 
extra large and fine flower. Opbir 












d'Or; (color no. i), citron yellow with 












purple centre. Sunflower; (color no. 
3), buff yellow. 












Double orange vars. Bouquet d' Or- 












ange; (color no. 15 light), reddish 












orange. 












Single red vars. Mr. Stanley; (color 












no. 27 light and brilliant), "dark red." 












Robert Steiger; (color no. bet. 26 deep 












& 33), deep crimson, compact strikes. 












Roi des Beiges; (color no. bet. 26 deep 












& 33), dark red. 












Double red vars. * Princess Louise; 












(color no. 26 darker), "dark red." 












Single pink vars. Baron van Tbuyll; 












(color no. 36), beautiful delicate rose 












in large spikes; early. Charles Dick- 












ens; (color no. 29 warmer), salmon- 












rose striped carmine; early. Cosmos; 












(color no. 29), deep rose with light eye, 












large bells. Fabrola; (color no. 22), 












pink striped with bright rose. ^Ger- 












trude; (color no. 2^), bright pink, in 












large spikes. *Gigantea; (color no. 












36 deep), bright rose, very large 












spikes. *Lord Macaulay; (color no. 












26), deep carmine pink, striped darker, 












very attractive. Norma; (color no. 












22), coral pink, large waxy flowers. 












Von Schiller; deep salmon pink, striped 












with crimson. See Plate, page 61. 








. 




Double pink vars. C^ar Nicholas; 












(color no. 36 warm), delicate rose. 












Kobinoor; (color no. 30), bright rose, 












large spikes. *Lord Wellington; (color 












no. 36), the finest double pink, large 












bells and massive spike. 













Single purple and lilac vars. Grand 












Lilas; (color no. ^7), "porcelain lilac," 












large bells and fine spike. King of 












tbe Blacks; (color no. 56), "black 












purple." 












Single blue vars. Argus; (color no. 













49 & white), "dark blue, white eye." 












*Charles Dickens; (color no. 46 deeper), 












dark porcelain blue, large bells and 












spike. *C%ar Peter; (color no. bet. so 










. 


& 57), light porcelain blue, large bells, 












magnificent spike. * General Have- 












lock; (color no. 63 darker), "deep pur- 












ple shaded with black," large bells and 












truss. *Queen of tbe Blues; (color no. 












46), sky-blue, fine bells, stately spike. 
*Sir J. Lawrence; dark blue, white 












eye. * King of tbe Blues; (color no. 







60 





6l 




62 






VARIOUS 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








54 darker), clear dark blue, large bells 












and fine spike. *Lord Derby; (color 












no. 44), light porcelain blue, large. 












See Plate, page 61. 












Double blue vars. *Bloksberg; (col- 












or no. 46 lighter), porcelain blue, 












striped. *Garrick; (color no. 55), 












"deep lilac blue," very large spike. 












Lord Raglan; (color no. 46), "dark 












blue." Lord Wellington; (color no. 












42), dark stripes. *Vdn Speyk; pale 












blue, large bells, compact truss. 






Often 31 


HAIRY 


**Phl6x 


Profusion of flowers varying from 


4-6 in. 


Late 


duller 


PHLOX 


amcfena 


purple through pink to white in flat- 


Sun 


Apr., 






P. procum- 


topped clusters. Leaves in tufts at 




May 






bens, (Gray) 


the base of flower-stalks. Good for 












carpeting border or rock-garden. 












Prop, by division and cuttings. Light 












dry soil. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






40, 36, 

43, white 


MOSS OR 
GROUND 


**Phl6x 

subulata 


Creeping evergreen plant thickly 
covered by pink, blue, or white flow- 


4-6 in. 

Sun 


U 


& others 


PINK 


P. nivalis 


ers which" rise from a mossy bed of 












foliage, no. 40 being the most common 












color. Favorite rock-plant, good for 












carpeting in border or rock-garden. 












Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Any light soil. N. Y., West and South. 






34 & 


AURICULA 


*Primula 


Not very hardy. Round bright 


6-9 in. 





others 




Auricula 


flowers in clusters terminating a leaf- 


Sun or 








Auricula 


less stem. Usually yellow-flowered 


half 










in the wild state; ranging from white 


shade 










to purple in garden vars. Broad thick 












foliage in a rosette at the base of the 












plant. Protect in winter. Charming 












in a sheltered position in the rock- 












garden or border. Prop, best by off- 












sets or division; also by seed. Rich 












light soil not dry. Europe. 






Various 


POLYAN- 


*Primula 


Mixed yellow and red or yellow 


6-10 in. 







THUS 


Polyantha 


flowers in umbels rise above the long 


Half 










leaves which spring from the root. Be- 


shade 










cause of its richness in coloring it is 


best 










good for beds or borders. Prop, by 












seed, generally by division. Rich moist 
soil. Hort. See Plate, page 62. 






Mixed 


VON 


**Primula 


Among the largest and most showy 


6-12 in. 


tc 


white 


SIEBOLD'S 


Sieboldi 


of Primroses. Flowers 1-2 in. across 


Sun or 




& 48 


PRIMROSE 


P. cortusotdes 


ranging from white to dark purple- 


half 




& others 




var. am&na, 


rose, in clusters. Leaves in a rosette 


shade 








var. grandi- 


at the base of the flower-stem. Rock- 










ftora 6* var. 


garden or border, in sheltered position. 










Sieboldi 


Winter protection of leaves. Prop, by 












seed or root division. Light rather 












rich soil with leaf-mold. Has many 












pretty vars. Japan. 







VARIOUS 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


TONGUE- 


*Saxifraga 


Vigorous showy plant. Flowers 


I ft. 


Late 




LEAVED 
SAXIFRAGE 


ligulata 
S. Scbmidtii 


white to light purple, globe-shaped, 
in spreading panicles. Foliage broad, 


Half 
shade 


Apr., 
May 








springing from the root. Winter pro- 












tection of leaves is necessary. Plant 












in the rock-garden. Prop, by divi- 












sion and offshoots. Any soil. Var. 












*ciliata has roundish hairy leaves. 












Himalayan Region. 






34 or 
green 


SESSILE- 
FLOWERED 
WAKE- 


Trillium 

sessile 


Showy plant with small purple or 
green flowers surrounded by whorls 
of broad spotted leaves. Effective in 


8-12 in. 
Half 
shade 


it 




ROBIN 




moist borders among ferns and in 












masses under trees. Prop, by seed or 












division. Moist rich soil is best. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






Various 


LARGE 


Trillium 


Larger than the type. Petals 4 in. 


8-12 in. 


M 




CALIFOR- 


se*ssile var. 


long and leaves often 6 in. Flowers 


Half 






NIAN 


giganteum 


purple pink, or white. For use and 


shade 






WAKE- 


T. s. var. 


cultivation see T. sessile. Pacific 








ROBIN 


Californicum 


States. 






Various 


TULIP 


**TMipa 


Early Bedding Tulips. The follow- 


10-14 i n 


Late 






vars. 


ing is a carefully selected list of some 


Sun 


Apr. 








of the best single and double early 




to late 








Tulips of garden origin. There are 




May 








many others in the trade also desira- 












ble. Plant in late Sept. or Oct. at a 












depth of 4 in. to the bottom of the 












bulb, allowing 4 in. between each. It 












is best to protect in winter and to give 












an occasional top-dressing. Prop, by 
offsets. Light soil. If drainage is not 












good put sand around the bulb. See 












Plate, page 65. 












Single white vars. *Joost Van Von- 












del, White; very large pure white flow- 
ers, height 10 in. Le Matelas; (white 












& color no. 30), white, shaded with 












bright rose, large blossoms, height 12 












in. * Pottebakker, White; large showy 
pure white blossoms, height 14 in. 












White Swan; pure white large egg- 












shaped flowers, height 14 in. 












Double white vars. Alba Maxima; 












very large white blossoms, height 12 












in. Le Blason; white shaded with 












rose, height 1 1 in. 












Single yellow vars. Canary Bird; 












(color no. 4), clear rich yellow, height 












1 1 in. *Cbrysolora; (color no. 4), 












large pure yellow flowers, height 1 1 












in. *Mon iresor; (color no. 4), rich 












golden yellow, extra large, height 1 1 












in. Ophir d'Or; (color no. 0, very 












arge pure golden yellow, height 1 1 in. 
* Pottebakker, Yellow; (color no. 5), 












jure yellow, height 14 in. * Yellow 







64 




66 



VARIOUS 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Prince; (color no. 4), fragrant bright 
yellow flowers, height 10 in. See 












Plate, page 66. 












Double yellow vars. Crown of Gold; 












(color no. 7), rich golden yellow, very 
large and very double, height n in. 












Tournesol Yellow; (fire. color mixed 20 












lighter & 3), golden yellow, shaded 












with orange, height 1 1 in., especially 












fine. 












Single red vars. Artus; (color no. 












1 8), bright scarlet, height 10 in. Belle 












Alliance; (color no 20), rich crimson, 












height 10 in. Bi^ard Verdict; bril- 












liant carmine, gold striped. *Couleur 












Cardinal; (color no. 20 brilliant), rich 












crimson, height 1 1 in. Duchess of 












Parma; (color no. 19 deeper & bright- 












er), orange-red, yellow margined, 
height 12 in. * Kei^er Kroon; (color 












no. 1 8 bordered with 5), "crimson- 












scarlet, bordered with yellow," extra 












large, height 14 in. Pottebakker Scar- 












let; (color no. 20), large bright scarlet, 












height 14 in. * Prince of Austria; 












(color no. 17), "rich orange-red," fra- 












grant flowers, height 12 in. Stanley; 












(color no. 30 deep & brilliant), large 












''dark rich crimson," height 10 in. 












Vermilion Brilliant; (color no. 18 red- 












der & more brilliant), "vermilion," 












height 12 in. 












Double red vars. Gloria Solis; 












(color no. 19 bordered with 5), "deep 












crimson, with yellow border," height 












12 in. Imperator Rubrorum; (color 












no. 1 8), bright scarlet, much doubled 












and large, height 12 in Le Matador; 












(color no. 14), brownish red, height 12 












in. Rex Rubrorum; (color no. 20 more 












brilliant), brilliant scarlet. Tournesol 












Scarlet; (effect color no. 17), bright 












scarlet, edged with yellow, height 1 1 












in. 












Single pink vars. Cottage Maid; 












(color no 29 & white), "rose shaded 












with white," height 9 in. Proserpine; 












(color no. 27), very large "rich deep 












rose flowers," height 14 in.; it turns 












bluish. Queen of the Netherlands; 












(color no. 36), beautiful satiny pink, 












very large blossoms, height "13 in. 












Rachel Ruisch; (color no. 23), "rose," 












height 10 in. 












Double pink vars. Crown of Roses; 












(color no. 30), "delicate rose," very 












double flowers, height 1 1 in. Murillo; 












(color no. 36 deeper), blush white, 












shaded with rose, height 10 in. 







67 



VARIOUS 



APRIL 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Single violet vars. Van der Neer; 












(color no. 33 lighter), large purplish 












violet flowers. 












Single parti-colored vars. Gran d 












Duke of Russia; white striped deep 












violet Joost van Rondel, Striped; 












(color no. 33 & white), cherry and 












white, height io-in. Rose Grisdelin; 












(color no. 23 & white), rose and white, 












height 10 in. IVapen Van Leiden; 












(white striped with color no. 26), 












"white striped with rose," height 13 












in. See Plate, page 69. 






Various 


DUG VAN 
THOL 
TULIP 


**Tulipa 
"Due van 
Thol 


The earliest blooming of all Tulips. 
Dwarf habit. Large fragrant flowers 
from white to vermilion. Plant in 


6 in. 
Sun or 

half 


Late 
Apr., 

early 








masses in late Sept. or Oct. at a depth 


shade 


May 








of 4 in. to the bottom of the bulb, al- 












lowing 4 in between each. It is best 












to protect in winter and to give an oc- 












casional top-dressing. Prop, by off- 












sets. Light soil. If drainage is not 












good put sand around the bulb. Hort. 












Among the most desirable are: 












Maximus; (color no. 20 brighter edged 












with 5), red with yellow edge, fine 












form. Rose; (white tinged with color 












nos. 36 & 29), milky white shading to 












rose. Scarlet; (color no. 18), "red- 












dish scarlet." Crimson; (color no. 20 












lighter), bright crimson. Orange; 












(effect color no. 17), very fine. *Ver- 












milion; (color no. 18), bright ver- 












milion. 






46, etc. 


DOG VIOLET 


Viola 

canina 


Flowers blue, lilac, grayish or white, 
on leafy stems, petals pinkish outside. 
Plant in shady part of rock or wild 


3-5 in - 

Half 

shade 


Late 
Apr. 
to late 








garden. Prop, by division. Europe. 




May 


Various 


PANSY, 
HEARTS- 


**Viola 
tricolor 


Our hybrid pansies come under this 
head as well as the little Heartsease 


6-8 in. 
Sun or 


Mid. 
Apr. 




EASE 




which is often parti-colored, upper 


half 


to 




- 




petals color no. 42, lower and centre 


shade 


mid. 








no. 5. This plant has a wonderful 




Sept. 








length of blooming season and flowers 












with great richness of coloring, being 












purple, yellow, whitish, or parti- 












colored. Best to treat as an annual. 












Plant in border or rock-garden. Prop. 












by seed or division. Any garden soil. 












Europe. 









68 




A MAY BORDER 



MAY 


WHITE TO GREENISH 


Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Cream 


WHITE 


Actsea alba 


See page n. 




Early 


white" 


BANE- 


A. rubra 






Apr. to 




BERRY 








July 


"White" 


COHOSH, 


Actsea 


Vigorous plant of somewhat coarse 


I -2 ft. 


May, 




HERB 


spicata 


habit. Large racemes of small flow- 


Sbade 


June 




CHRISTO- 




ers tinged with blue which pass quick- 








PHER 




ly. Foliage good. Showy purple ber- 












ries in autumn. Suitable for the wild 












garden. Prop, by seed and division in 












spring. Japan; Europe. 
Var. rubra (A. rubra); flower clus- 












ters larger; showy red berries. North- 












ern U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 
BUGLE 


*Ajuga 
re*ptans 


Dense creeping plant. Spreads rap- 
idly. Numerous spikes of flowers. 


3-4 in. 
Sun or 


May to 
mid. 






var. alba 


Shiny leaves. Good for carpeting a 


shade 


June 








shady spot. Not so often cultivated 












as the blue var. Prop, by seed and 












division. Europe. 






"Green- 


MOUNTAIN 


Alchemflla 


See page n. 




Late 


ish" 


LADY'S 


alpina 






Apr., 




MANTLE 








May 


"White" 


WILD 


*Allium 


See page n. 




Apr., 


turns to 


ONION 


mutabile 






May 


29 pale 












"White" 


ALPINE 
ANEMONE 


*Anem6ne 
alpina 


Beautiful alpine plant. Large flow- 
ers solitary or few on the stem, vary- 


9-24 in. 
Half 


May 






A. acutipeiala 


ing to purple and cream outside, rise 


sbade 










above the large handsome finely cut 












foliage. Good for cutting and pretty 












for naturalization and for the border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Rich 












deep soil. Europe. 






"White" 


NARCISSUS- 


Anemdne 


Flowers J in. across, with yellow 


6- 1 8 in. 


May to 


39 under 


FLOWERED 


narcissifldra 


centres, in umbels. Foliage deeply di- 


Half 


Aug. 


petals 


ANEMONE 


A. umbellata 


vided. Pretty for the rock-garden or 


sbade 










border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Rich soil. Northern Hemisphere. 






"White" 


WOOD 


Anemdne 


See page 1 1 and Plate, page 73. 




Late 


often 36 


ANEMONE 


nemordsa 






Apr. to 












early 












June 


"White" 


CANADA 


*Anem6ne 


Erect plant. Cup-shaped flowers 1-2 


1-2 ft. 


Mid. 




ANEMONE 


Pennsyl- 


in. across on strong stems. Leaves 


Sun or 


May 






vfinica 


much divided. Prop, by seed and di- 


sbade 


to 






A Canadtn- 


vision. Any good soil; a well-drained 




early 






sis, 


good loam is best. N. Amer. See 




July 






A. dicbdtoma 


Plate, page 73. 







WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Cream 


SNOWDROP 


**Anem6ne 


See page 1 1. 




Late 


white" 


WIND- 


sylve*stris 






Apr. 


tinged 


FLOWER 








to mid. 


with 39 











July 


"Cream 


DOUBLE 


*Anem6ne 


See page i r. 




Apr., 


white" 


SNOWDROP 


sylve"stris 






May 




WIND- 


var. 










FLOWER 


fldre-pleno 








"Cream 


RUE 


*Anemone*lla 


A pretty native found in woods. 


3-6 in. 


May 


white" 


ANEMONE 


thalictroides 


Flowers nearly i in. across. Promi- 


Shade 








ThaHctrum 


nent stamens. Fern-like foliage. De- 










anemonoides 


lights in a shady spot in the rock- 












garden. Prop, by division. Prefers 
sandy peat. U. S. A. 






"White" 


ST. BRUNO'S 
LILY 


*Anthe*ricuin 

Liliastrum 


Lily-like flowers with green tips, in 
few-flowered racemes. Rush-like foli- 


1-2 ft. 

Sun 


Late 
May to 






Paradisea 


age springs from the root. Protect in 




early 






Lilidstrum 


winter. Charming in the border. 




July 








Prop, by seed and division. S. Europe. 












Var. major; 2-3 ft. An improve- 












ment on A. Liliastrum. Flowers larger 












and more numerous, 2 in. long, 2^ in. 












across. Good border or rock-garden 












plant. Hort. 






"White" 


MUN- 


*Aquilegia 


See page 1 1 . 




Apr., 




STEAD'S 


vulgaris 






May 




WHITE 


var. alba 










COLUMBINE 


A . v.var.nivea 








"White" 


WHITE 
COLUMBINE 


**Aquilegia 
vulgaris 


A vigorous plant of compact habit 
with an abundance of large flowers. 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
May to 






var. nfvea 


Excellent in border or rock-garden. 




July 








Prop, by seed. Rich soil. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Arabis 


See page n. 




Early 




ROCK 


albida 






Apr. to 




CRESS 


A. Caucdsica 






June 


"White" 


ALPINE 


*Arabis 


See page 12. 




Early 




ROCK 


alpina 






Apr. 




CRESS 








to late 












May 


"White" 


RUNNING 


*Arabis 


See page 12. 




a 




ROCK 


proctirrens 










CRESS 










"White" 


VERNAL 


Arenaria 


A dwarf alpine plant with star- 


1-3 in. 


May 




SANDWORT 


ve"rna 

Alslne verna 


shaped flowers on slender stems. Foli- 
age erect. Excellent for rockwork and 


Sun 










for carpeting. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion and rarely by cuttings. Any soil. 












Europe; Asia; Rocky Mts. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Armeria 


Flowers in round compact heads 


6-8 in. 


Late 




PLANTAIN- 
LIKE 


plantaginea 
var. leucantha 


spring from cushions of evergreen foli- 
age. Easily grown. Excellent for 


Sun 


May to 
ate 




THRIFT 


A. diantboldes 


rock-garden and edging. Prop, by 




fune 








seed and division. Any garden soil. 








CANADA ANEMONE. Anemone Pennsylvania. 




WOOD ANEMONE. Anemone nemcrosa. 



73 



OF -HE 

UNIVERSITY 




74 



LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY. Convallaria majalis. 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


SWEET 


Aspe"rula 


Delicate flowers in tight clusters 


6-8 in. 


Early 




WOOD- 


odorata 


rise from whorls of leaves which, when 


Half 


May to 




RUFF, 




dry, have a fragrance like hay. Spreads 


shade or 


mid. 




HAY PLANT 




rapidly. Good for edging and carpet- 
ing. Prop, by seed and division. Moist 


shade 


June 








loam. Europe; the Orient. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Aster 


Similar to the type, but less desir- 


3-10 in. 


Late 




ALPINE 


alpinus 


able and less vigorous. Large solitary 


Sun or 


May 




ASTER 


var. albus 


single flowers with yellow centres. 


half 


to late 








Leaves in clusters at the base of plant. 


shade 


June 








Good in rock-garden or border. Prop. 












generally by division of clumps. Easily 
cultivated in ordinary soil and expo- 












sure. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 
MOUNTAIN 


**Centaurea 
montana 


Dwarf compact plant. Large showy 
flowers resemble Bachelor's Buttons; 


9-1 5 in. 
Sun 


Late 
May to 




BLUET 


var. alba 


produced plentifully. Good for bor- 




early 




OR KNAP- 




der. Prop, by division. Ordinary 




July 




WEED 




garden soil. Hort. 






"White" 


STARRY 


Cerastium 


Mat-like habit; flowers abundant. 


4-6 in. 


May 




GRASS- 


arve*nse 


Good for bedding or half shady places 


Sun or 






WORT, 




under trees. Europe; Asia; u. S. A. 


half 






FIELD 






shade 






CHICK- 












WEED 










"White" 


LARGE- 


*Cerstium 


Prostrate creeper. Profusion of 


6-8 in. 


May. 




FLOWERED 


grandifldrum 


flowers on erect stalks. Silvery leaves 


Sun 


June 




MOUSE-EAR 




forming a dense mat. Good for edg- 








CHICK- 




ing or rock-garden, also used in the 








WEED 




border. Prop, by division or cuttings. 












Any soil. Hungary; Iberia. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Chionod6xa 


See page 3. 




Mid. 




GLORY OF 


Luciliae 






Mar.to 




THE SNOW 


var. alba 






early 












May 


"Green- 


GOLDEN 


Chrysosple- 


See page 12. 




Late 


ish" 


SAXIFRAGE, 


nium 






Apr., 




WATER 


Americanum 






May 




CARPET 










"White" 


LILY-OF- 


**Convallaria 


A favorite plant. Many small, 


8 in. 


Mid. 




THE- 
VALLEY 


majalis 


globular, fragrant flowers droop from 
the flower stalks. Clean and attrac- 


Half 
shade 


May to 
mid. 








tive foliage. Plant in masses under 


or shade 


June 








trees where it will spread rapidly. 
Prop, by division in fall or early 












spring. Moderately rich soil. Europe; 
Asia; S. Alleghanies. See Plate, page 74. 






"Green- 


DWARF 


Cdrnus 


Native plant. Involucres white va- 


4-8 in. 


May. 


ish 
white" 


CORNEL, 
BUNCH- 


Canade*nsis 


rying to pink, supported by a whorl of 
dark foliage and succeeded by bunches 


Half 
shade 


June 




BERRY 




of red berries. Good for boggy places 












and wild gardens. Prop, by layers. 












Any soil. N. Amer. 







75 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


SMALL 


*Cypripe- 


Leafy stem bears a solitary flower; 


6-12 in. 


May to 


36 in 
effect 


WHITE 
LADY'S 


dium 
candidum 


the sac is striped and spotted with pur- 
ple. Protect in winter. Suitable for 


Shade 


early 
June 




SLIPPER 




rock or wild garden. Porous moist 












peaty soil. U. S. A. 






"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


*Cypripe- 


Handsome species. Fragrant flow- 


1-2 ft. 







LADY'S 


dium 


ers with wavy brownish petals, the sac 


Shade 






SLIPPER 


montanum 


being dull white, veined with purple. 








OR 




Large leaves. Winter protection nec- 








MOCCASIN 




essary. Forms clumps in the rock or 








FLOWER 




wild garden. Porous moist peaty soil. 












Pacific States. 






"White" 


PEPPER- 


Dentaria 


See page 1 2. 




Apr., 




ROOT, TWO- 
LEAVED 


diphflla 
Cardamlne d. 






May 




TOOTH- 












WORT 


- - . 








"White" 


PINK 


**Dianthus 


Dwarf Pink of compact habit with 


4-6 in. 


Late 




MISS 


"Miss 


numerous showy flowers. Good for 


Sun 


May 




SIMKINS 


Simkins" 


cutting. Excellent border plant. 




to late 








Grows in any ordinary garden soil. 




June 








Hort. 






"White" 


SQUIRREL 


*Dice"ntra 


See page 12. 




Apr., 




CORN 


Canade*nsis 






May 






Dielytra C. 








"White" 


DUTCH- 


*Dice"ntra 


See page 12. 




" 


white & 3 


MAN'S 


Cucullaria 










BREECHES 


Dielytra C. 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Dice*ntra 


Less vigorous in appearance than 


I -2 ft. 


Late 




BLEEDING 


spectabilis 


the type. Heart-shaped flowers in 


Half 


May, 




HEART 


var. alba 


drooping racemes hang above the 


shade 


June 






Dielytra 


pretty foliage. Often found in old- 










spectdbilis 
var. alba 


fashioned gardens. Prop, by crown 
or root division. Good light soil, not 












too rich. Japan. 






"White" 


UMBRELLA- 


Diphylleia 


Flowers in round loose clusters, fol- 


i ft. 


May 




LEAF 


cymosa 


lowed by dark blue berries. One or 


Shade 










two very large umbrella-like leaves, 












heart or shield-shaped. Border. Prop. 












in spring by division. Dry peaty soil. 












Mts., Va. to Ga. 






"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


*Dras 


Evergreen creeper with large rose- 


3-4 in. 


May, 




AVENS 


octope*tala 


like flowers and dense clumps of glossy 


Sun 


June 








foliage. Protect from winter sun with 












boughs. Excellent for the rock-gar- 












den. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 












tings. Loose well-drained soil. North- 












ern Hemisphere. 






"White" 


LARGE 


*Epimedium 


See page 12. 




Late 




WHITE- 


macranthum 






Apr. 




FLOWERED 


var. nfveum 






to late 




BARREN- 


E. ntveum 






May 




WORT 











WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Creamy 


MUSSCHE'S 


*Epimedium 


Not so ornamental as the other 


I ft. 


May 


white" 


BARREN- 


Musschianum 


species, "but desirable. Flowers have 


Half 






WORT 




curious spurs. Foliage leathery, 
changing in color in the autumn. 


shade 










Prop, by division. Any garden soil. 












Japan. 






"White" 


LARGE 


*Erfgeron 


Large feathery daisy-like flowers 


6-20 in. 


Late 




WHITE 


Coulter! 


1-2 on a stem. Good to mass in the 


Sun 


May 




MOUNTAIN 




wild garden or plant in the border. 




to late 




DAISY 




Prop, by seed or division. Any ordi- 




June 








nary garden soil. Sierras; Rocky 












Mts.; Col. 






"Yellow- 


RUNNING 


*Erigeron 


Yellow-centred solitary aster-like 


4-6 in. 


Mid. 


ish 


FLEABANE 


flagellaris 


flowers on half trailing leafy stems. 


Half 


May 


white" 






Color varies to pink. Good for front 


shade 


to late 








of border, and for naturalizing in wild 




June 








garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any ordinary soil. Western U. S. A. 






"Bluish 


WHITE 


**Erythr6- 


See page 15. 




Late 


white" 


DOGTOOTH 


nium 






Apr., 


white & 6 


VIOLET 


albidum 






May 


"Green- 


LILY-LIKE 


*Fritillaria 


See page 15. 




Apr., 


ish" 


FRITILLARY 


liliacea 






May 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Fritillaria 


See page 15. 




Late 




GUINEA- 


Meleagris 






Apr., 




HEN 


var. alba 






May 




FLOWER OR 












CHECK- 












ERED LILY 










"Green- 


CAUCASIAN 


*Galanthus 


See page. 15. 




Apr., 


ish 


SNOWDROP 


Caucisicus 






May 


white" 




G. Redoutei 








"White" 


PLAITED 


**Galanthus 


See page 3- 




Mar. to 




SNOWDROP 


plicatus 






early 












May 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Geranium 


Good species. Large flowers borne 


i ft. 


Late 




BLOOD 
CRANES- 
BILL 


sangumeum 
var. album 


on branching stems. Pretty foliage. 
Border or rock-garden. Prop, by seed 
and division. Any good soil. Europe. 


Sun or 
half 
shade 


May to 
mid. 
July 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Geum 


Single flowers 1-2 in. across, some- 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


often 


WATER 


rivale 


times vary to blue. Leaves mostly at 


Half 


May, 


near 41 


AVENS OR 


var. album 


the base of plant. Good for the rock- 


shade 


June 




WATER 




garden. Prop, by seed and division. 








FLOWER 




Light moist soil. N. Amer. 






"Yellow- 


ALPINE 


*Hutchinsia 


Minute alpine plant with clustered 


2-3 in. 


May, 


ish 
white" 


HUTCH- 
INSIA 


alp in a 


flowers and glistening leaves. Attrac- 
tive mass of bloom in rock-garden. 


Sun 


June 








Prop, by seed and division. Sandy 












soil. Pyrenees. 






"White" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacfnthus 


See page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientals 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 



77 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green- 


ORANGE 


Hydrdstis 


See page 16. 




Late 


ish 


ROOT, 


Canade*nsis 






Apr., 


white" 


GOLDEN 








May 




SEAL 










"White" 


GARREX'S 
CANDYTUFT 


*Iberis 
Garrexiana 


Spreading evergreen plant with 
clusters of blossoms which are good 


6-9 in. 
Sun or 


May, 
June 








for cutting, rising above clumps of dark 
foliage. Mass in border or rock-gar- 


shade 










den. Leave undisturbed. Prop, by 












seed, division or cuttings. Any rich 












soil. S. Europe. 






"White" 


ROCK 
CANDYTUFT 


*Iberis 
saxatilis 


Spreading evergreen plant with clus- 
ters of flowers borne above masses of 


6-9 in. 
Sun 


May, 
early 








fine dark green foliage. Effective in 




June 








clumps, drooping over rocks or edg- 












ing the border. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion or cuttings. Any ordinary garden 












soil, not too moist. S. Europe. 






"White" 


LEATHERY- 


*Iberis 


Excellent alpine plant, dwarf var. 


3-6 in. 


May, 




LEAVED 


saxatilis var. 


Flowers in round clusters on slightly 


Sun 


June 




ROCK 


corifblia 


drooping stems. See I. saxatilis. 








CANDYTUFT 


/. cori folia 


Sicily. 






"White" 


EVER- 
GREEN 


**Iberis 

sempe"rvirens 


Excellent shrubby plant with nu- 
merous dense clusters of flowers and 


9- 1 5 in. 
Sun or 


May, 
early 




CANDYTUFT 




handsome dark evergreen foliage. 


half 


June 








Very hardy and vigorous, and may 


shade 










prove troublesome by spreading. 












Splendid rock-garden or border plant 












and good for edging shrubberies. 












Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Any soil. S. Europe. 












Var. pleno; double flowered form 












not so desirable. Hort. Var. foliis 












variegatis, variegated leaves. Hort. 






"White" 


TENORE'S 


**Iberis 


Dwarf evergreen shrubby plant. 


9-12 in. 


(t 




CANDYTUFT 


Tenoreana 


Flowers turn purple. Foliage very 


Half 










hairy. Liable to perish in heavy soils 


shade 










in winter. Pretty in rock-garden or 












margin of border. Prop, by seed. 












Sandy soil. S. Italy. 






"White" 


FLOREN- 


**Iris 


Large delicate scented flowers tinted 


I -2 ft. 


M 




TINE FLAG, 


Florentina 


with blue, with purple veining and 


Half 






ORRIS 




orange-yellow beards, stand above the 


shade 






ROOT 




dark green leaves. Root-stock fra- 












grant, (Orris-root). Good border 












plant in soil not too dry. P r P- by 












division. S. Europe. See Plate, 












page 79. 






"White" 


WHITE- 


*Iris 


One of the best dwarf Iris. Short- 


4-8 in. 


May 




FLOWERED 


puinila 


lived flowers borne close to the ground. 


Sun or 






DWARF 
FLAG 


var. alba 


Sword-shaped leaves. Spreads rapid- 
ly. Good for rock-garden or margin of 


half 
shade 










border. Prop, by division. Any gar- 












den soil. Europe. 







78 




79 



or -HE 
UNIVLrtSITY 




8o 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Dime of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 
SIBERIAN 


**Iris 

Sibirica 


Attractive species, distinguished by 
its tall slender stalks and early season. 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


.ate 
Way to 




FLAG 


var. alba 


Forms dense tufts; many flower- 




mid. 








stems bear clusters of pretty though 




[une 








rather small flowers, which rise above 












the grassy foliage. Good border plant. 
Prop, by division. Rich soil. Eu- 












rope; E. Siberia. 






"White" 


TWIN- 
LEAF 


*Jeffers6nia 
binata 


Dwarf plant, similar to the Blood- 
root. Solitary flowers i in. across on 


16-18 in. 
Shade 


May 






/. dipbflla 


leafless stems. Round two-parted 












leaves. Bog or rock-garden plant. 












Prop, by seed and division. Peaty 












soil. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 


L>amium 


Semi-trailing plant. Flowers in 


6-8 in. 


Mid. 




VARIE- 


maculatum 


whorls on leafy stalks. Heart-shaped 


Sun 


May to 




GATED 


var. album 


foliage blotched with white. Good 




late 




NETTLE 


L. dlbum 


for border or for covering barren 




July 








places. Prop, by division. Prefer- 












ably sandy open soil. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Lathyrus 


See page 16. 




Late 




SPRING 


ve*rnus 






Apr., 




BITTER 


var. albus 






May 




VETCH 


Orobus v. 












var. a. 








"White" 


SUMMER 


*Leuc6jum 


See page 16 and Plate, page 80. 




Apr., 




SNOW- 


aestivum 






May 




FLAKE 










"White" 


SPRING 


*Leuc6jum 


See page 16. 




H 




SNOW- 


ve"rnum 










FLAKE 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Linum 


Branching plant. Flowers on slen- 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 




PEREN- 


aere'nne 


der leafy stems. A free and contin- 


Sun or 


May to 




NIAL FLAX 


var. album 


uous bloomer. Good border and rock- 


balf 


Aug. 








garden plant. Prop, by seed and divi- 


sbade 










sion. Any garden soil. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE OR 


*L?chnis 


See page 16. 




Apr., 




EVENING 


alba 






May 




CAMPION 










"White" 


MITRE- 


Mitella 


Small flowers in racemes on erect 


6-12 in. 


May 




WORT, 
TWO- 


diphflla 


unbranching stalks. Fine large heart- 
shaped leaves on the flower-stalks and 


Sbade 






LEAVED 




in a clump at base of plant. Rock or 








BISHOP'S- 




wild garden. Prop, by division. Moist 








CAP 




soil somewhat peaty. Eastern States. 






"White" 


COMMON 


**Muscari 


See page 16. 




Apr., 




WHITE 


botryoides 






May 




GRAPE 


var. album 










HYACINTH 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Myos6tis 


Loose clusters of small flowers with 


I -2 ft. 


May, 




WOOD 
FORGET- 


sylvatica 
var. alba 


yellow eyes. Good for spring bedding, 
for fringing walks, or in garden beds. 


Sun or 
sbade 


early 
June 




ME-NOT 




Prop, by seed. Any good soil. Eu- 
rope; Asia. 







81 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


PRIMROSE 


Narcissus 


See page 16. 




Mid. 




PEERLESS 


bifldrus 






Apr. 










' 


to late 












May 


"White" 


ALGERIAN 


*Narcissus 


See page 19. 




Late 




WHITE 


Bulbocodium 






Apr., 




HOOP- 


var. 






early 




PETTICOAT 


monoph^Uus 






May 




DAFFODIL 










"White" 


BUR- 


Narcissus 


See page 19. 




Mid. 




BIDGE'S 


Burbidgei 






Apr. 




NARCISSUS 








to late 












May 


"White" 


PHEAS- 
ANT'S 
EYE, 


**Narcissus 
poe*ticus 


A lovely and vigorous species. Fra- 
grant wide-open flowers, the short cups 
having red edges. An old favorite. 


12-1 5 in. 
Half 
shade 


May 




POET'S 




Plant in masses in the border, in the 


best 






NARCISSUS 




grass, or the edge of shrubbery beds, 












where it will endure for years. Bul- 












bous. Prop, by offsets. Plant the 












bulbs in late Sept. or Oct., 6 or 8 in. 












deep, 3 in. apart. Any good soil. 
Mediterranean Region. See Plate, p. 79. 












Vars. P. Grandiftorus; the largest 












of the type, pure white base-petals, 












cup suffused with crimson. r. Or- 












natus. Resembles N. poeticus though 












larger. It blooms earlier but is not so 












fragrant. P. Poetarum; large flow- 












ers, a fine var. 






"White" 
or 2 


WHITE 
SPANISH 


Narcissus 
Pseudo- 


Very fragrant large trumpet flow- 
ers. These Narcissi unfortunately die 


6-9 in. 
Half 


Early 
to 




TRUMPET 


Narcissus 


out after a few years. Plant in rows 


shade 


mid. 




DAFFODIL 


var. 


or masses in the border or on the edge 


best 


May 






moschatus 


of shrubbery. Plant in late Sept. or 












Oct., 6-8 in. deep and 4 in. apart. 












Cover in winter. Bulbous. Prop, by 












offsets. Any good well-drained soil. 












Give an occasional top-dressing. See 












Plate, page 83. 






"White" 


STEMLESS 


*<Enothera 


Tender perennial or biennial; treat 


6 in. 


Late 


turns to 


EVENING 


acaulis 


as an annual. Trailing. Flowers ~2\- 


Sun 


May to 


36 


PRIMROSE 


(E. Tarax- 


3^ in. across, pure white, becoming 




Aug. 






aci folia 


rose-color. Dandelion-like leaves. 












Rock-garden. Prop, by seed and cut- 












tings. Any well-drained soil. Chili. 






"White" 


TUFTED 


*<Enothera 


Tender perennial or biennial; treat 


4-12 in. 


Late 




EVENING 


caespitosa 


as an annual. Large fragrant flowers 


Sun 


May, 




PRIMROSE 


(E. eximea, 


3-4 in. across. Color changes to rose; 




[urie 






CE. marginata 


scent like the Magnolia. Long jagged 
leaves. Good for rock-garden and 












border. Prop, by seed, cuttings or 












suckers. Any soil. S. Western U. S.A 







82 





8 4 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


*0mphal6des 


See page 19. 




Apr.. 




CREEPING 


ve*rna 






May 




FORGET- 


var. alba 










ME-NOT 










"Cream 


DROOPING 


Ornithtfgalum 


See page 19. 







white" 


STAR-OF- 


nutans 










BETHLE- 












HEM 










"White" 


COMMON 
STAR-OF- 


Ornithdgalum 
umbellatum 


Star-shaped flowers in clusters of 
12-20. Leaves long and narrow, spot- 


in. 

Sun 


May, 
June 




BETHLE- 




ted with white. Pretty in grass and 








HEM, TEN- 




for wild gardens. Bulbous, increases 








O'CLOCK 




rapidly. Any soil. Mediterranean 












Region. See Plate, page 84. 






"White" 


ALLEGHANY 
MOUNTAIN 


Pachysandra 
procdmbens 


Dwarf shrubby plant with spikes of 
flowers sometimes varying in color to 


6-12 in. 
Shade 


Late 
May, 




SPURGE 




purplish. Attractive for the rock- 




early 








garden on account of its masses of 




June 








large dark leaves. Does well under 












trees. Prop, by division. Any soil. 
S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"White" 


JAPANESE 
EVER- 


Pachysdndra 
tenninalis 


Low-growing evergreen plant. Flow- 
ers in short spikes. Dense foliage, 


6-12 in. 

Sun or 


Late 
May to 




GREEN 




bright green and glossy, makes it good 


shade 


mid. 




PACHY- 




for carpeting. Grows well under trees. 




June 




SANDRA OR 




Prop, by division. Any garden soil. 








SPURGE 




Japan. 












P. 1. var. variegata, foliage varie- 












gated. Hort. 






"White" 


WHITE- 


**Pae6nia 


Showy herbaceous Peony. Single 


2-4 ft. 


< 




FLOWERED 


albifl6ra 


flowers with a tuft of yellow stamens. 


Sun or 






PEONY 


P. edulis 


For varieties see page 1 59. For cul- 
tivation see P. officinalis var. alba 


half 
shade 










plena. 






"White" 


POPPY- 


Pae6nia 


Beautiful shrub. Large flowers with 


3-6 ft. 


Mid. 


mark- 
ings 26 

dull 


FLOWERED 
TREE 
PEONY 


Moutan 
var. 
papaveracea 
P. arbdrea 


delicate petals like a Poppy, red mark- 
ings near the centre. Needs protected 
spot and winter covering. Handsome 
in the border, or on the edge of shrub- 


Sun or 
half 
shade 


May to 
mid. 
June 






var. 


bery. Prop, by grafting on roots of 










papaveracea 


herbaceous species; it then does not 












flower until the third year. A gross 












feeder, it likes a rich rather moist 












loam enriched with cow manure. 






"White" 


STRIPED 


Pae&nia 


Single flowers shot with pink, sweet 


3-6 ft. 


< 




TREE 


Moutan var. 


scented. See P. Moutan var. papa- 


Sun or 






PEONY 


vittata 


veracea. 


half 








P. arbdrea 




shade 








var. v. 









WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


COMMON 


Paednia 


.Herbaceous Peony. Flowers dou- 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 




DOUBLE 


officinalis 


ble, white delicately tinted with crim- 


Sun or 


May to 




WHITE 


var. alba 


son. Handsome divided foliage. 


half 


mid. 




PEONY 


plena 


Hardy and effective in the border, in 


shade 


June 








clumps, or edging beds of shrubs. 












A half shady position is desirable. 












Prop, usually by division in early 












autumn. A gross feeder, it likes a 












deep rather moist loam enriched with 












cow manure. Hort. 






"White" 


ALPINE 
POPPY 


**Papaver 

alpinum 


Dwarf Alpine species. Large fra- 
grant flowers with yellow centres. 
Foliage finely divided. Stems leafless. 


6 in. 
Sun 


Mid. 
May to 
early 








Prop, by seed. Good rock plant. 




June 








European Alps. 












Var. album, flowers spotted at the 












base. Also colored varieties. See 












Plate, page 87. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Papaver 


See page 19. 




Late 




ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 




POPPY 


var. album 






mid. 












June, 
late 












Aug., 












Sept. 


"White" 


DOWNY 


Patrmia 


Valerian-like flowers in flat-topped 


10-12 in. 


May, 


1 


PATRINIA 


villdsa 


clusters. Hairy leaves making a com- 


Sun 


June 








pact dwarf plant for margin of bor- 












der or rock-garden. Light rich soil. 












Japan. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Phl6x 


See page 19. 




Late 




MOSS OR 


subulata 






Apr. 




GROUND 


var. alba 






to late 




PINK 








May 


"White" 


MOSS OR 


**Phl6x 


See page 19. 




II 




GROUND 


subulata var. 










PINK 


"The Bride" 










THE BRIDE 










"White" 


NELSON'S 


*Phl<5x 


See page 19. 




M 




MOSS OR 


subulata var. 










GROUND 


Nelsoni 










PINK 










"White" 


HIMA- 
LAYAN 


*Podoph^l- 
lum 


Best species. Flowers cup-shaped 
2 in. across, waxy and drooping be- 


12-15 i n - 
Half 


Late 
May, 




MAY APPLE 


Embdi 


neath handsome large reddish leaves 


shade 


June 








which die down in summer. Large 












bright red edible fruit. Wild garden 












plant. Prop, by seed and division. 












Deep soil, somewhat moist and peaty. 












Himalaya Region. 






"White" 


MAY APPLE, 


Podoph^llum 


Resembles P. Emodi with dark 


i-iift. 


May 




WILD 


Deltatum 


green deeply divided foliage and large 


Half 






MANDRAKE 
OR LEMON 




yellow fruit appearing in July. Wild 
garden plant. Prop, by seed and divi- 


shade 










sion. Deep soil, somewhat moist and 












peaty. N. Amer. 








ALPINE POPPY. Papaver alpinum. 



OF 




88 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Polem6- 


Dwarf bushy plant. Bell-shaped 


1-3 ft. 


Mid. 




JACOB'S 


nium 


flowers nearly i in. across, in compact 


Half 


May 




LADDER OR 


caeruleum 


terminal panicles. Profusion of com- 


shade 


to 




CHARITY 


var. album 


pound leaves. Good border plant. 




July 








Prop, by seed and division. Rich well- 












drained loamy soil is best. Hort. 






"Green- 
ish 


GREAT 
OR SMOOTH 


Polygonatum 
giganteum 


Tubular flowers drooping from grace- 
fully arched stems, leafy above. Very 


1-5 ft. 
Half 


Late 
May, 


white" 


SOLOMON'S 


P. commuca- 


pretty for naturalization or wild gar- 


shade 


June 




SEAL 


tum 


den. Prop, by division. Deep rich 


or shade 










friable loam. Manitoba; U. S. A. 






"Green- 


SOLOMON'S 


Polygonatum 


Tubular flowers droop from grace- 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


ish 


SEAL 


multifldrum 


fully arched leafy stems. Very pretty 


Half 


May, 


white" 






for naturalization or wild garden. 


shade 


early 








Prop, by division. Deep rich friable 


or shade 


June 








loam. Europe; Asia. 






"White" 


THREE- 


Potentilla 


Spreading tufted plant. Flowers 


10 in. 


Mid. 




TOOTHED 


tridentata 


small but numerous. Dark strawberry- 


Sun 


May to 




CINQUE- 
FOIL 




like foliage. Good for the rock-gar- 
den. Prop, by seed and division. Dry 




early 
June 








soil. Coast New England and north; 












Rocky Mts.; Scotland. 






"Bluish 


STRIPED 


Puschinia 


See page 20. 




Late 


white" 


SQUILL 


scilloides 






Apr., 






Adamsia s. 






early 












May 


"White" 


FLOWER- 


Pyxidanthera 


See page 20. 




Apr.. 


buds 23 


ING MOSS 


barbulata 






May 




PYXIE 


Diapensia b. 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Ram6nda 


Pretty var. of this popular species. 


2-6 in. 


Mid. 




ROSETTE 


Pyrenaica 


Flowers i in. across with orange cen- 


Half 


May to 




MULLEIN 


var. alba 


tres. Leaves in rosettes on the ground. 


shade 


July 








Protect in winter. Plant in the rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed or by division. 












Deep peaty well-drained soil. Hort. 






"White" 


ACONITE- 


*Rantinculus 


Flowers in clusters. Foliage pal- 


*-2ft. 


u 




LEAVED 


aconitifolius 


mate, mostly in clumps at the base of 


Half 






BUTTER- 




the plant. Suitable for border or wild 


shade 






CUP 




garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Moist deep soil. Alps; Pyrenees. 












Var. ftore-pleno, (R. a. var. plenus). 












Fair Maids of France, White Bach- 












elor's Button. More effective than the 












species, having rosette-like double 












flowers. Pretty for the border. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Randnculus 


Several flowers about i in. across, 


5-10 in. 


May, 




BUTTER- 


amplexi- 


yellow centres, on slender stems. Fo- 


Sun or 


early 




CUP OR 


caulis 


liage gray-green. Attractive for the 


half 


June 




CROWFOOT 




rock-garden or border. Moist deep 


shade 










soil. S. Eastern Europe. 






"White" 


BLOOD- 


*Sanguinaria 


See page 20 and Plate, page 88. 




Early 




ROOT, 


Canade*nsis 






Apr. to 




RED 








mid. 




PUCCOON 








May 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


ANDREW'S 
SAXIFRAGE 


*Saxifraga 

Andrews!! 


A good species. A hybrid between 
S. Geum and S. Aizoon. Numerous 


8-12 in. 
Sun 


Late 
May, 








flowers dotted with red. Green spoon- 




June 








shaped leaves. Plant in the rock- 












garden or border. Prop, by division. 












Sandy soil. Hort. 






"Yellow- 


LARGE 


*Saxlfraga 


Small flowers in thick panicles on 


I -2 ft. 


May 


ish 


STRAP- 


ligulata 


erect or wavy stalks. Leaves chiefly 


Half 




white" 


LEAVED 




in rosette at base of plant. Prop, by 


shade 






SAXIFRAGE 




division or offshoots. Ordinary gar- 












den soil. Alps; Apennines. 






"White" 


UMBRELLA 


*Saxifraga 


Flowers sometimes pale pink in 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


or 25 


PLANT 


peltata 


clusters which appear before the foli- 


Sun 


May, 


pale 






age. Large shield-shaped leaves i ft. 




early 




, 




in diameter. Protect in winter. Bor- 




June 








der or margin of pond. Prop, by seed 












and division. Moist and peaty soil. 






"Dull 


EARLY 


Saxifraga 


See page 20. 




Apr. 


white" 


SAXIFRAGE 


Virginilnsis 






to late 












June 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Scflla 


Fragrant drooping bell-shaped flow- 


8-12 in. 


May, 




WOOD 


festalis 


ers in panicles on leafless stalks. 


Half 


early 




HYACINTH 


var. alba 


Grass-like foliage in clumps. Rock- 


shade 


June 






5. nutans 


garden, border or shrubbery. Pretty 










var. alba 


when naturalized in woods. Bulbous. 












Soil enriched with manure. W. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Scffla 


Most robust species. Strong pyra- 


i2-i8in. 


Late 




SPANISH OR 
BELL- 


Hispanica 
var. alba 


midal spikes of pendent bell-shaped 
flowers. Leaves spring from the 


Sun 


May, 
June 




FLOWERED 




ground. Attractive in wild garden, 








SQUILL, 




rock-garden border or when natural- 








WHITE 




ized. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets in 








SPANISH 




summer. Any soil. Top-dress yearly. 








JACINTH 




Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Scflla 


See page 4. 




Mid. 




SIBERIAN 


Sibirica 






Mar. to 




SQUILL 


var. 61ba 






early 












May 


"White" 


GALAX- 


Sh6rtia 


Tufted plant, difficult to cultivate. 


3-8 in. 


May, 




LEAVED 

SHORTIA 


galacifdlia 


Large nodding solitary flowers, white 
changing to rose. Evergreen foliage, 


Shade 


June 








tinged with bronze. Prop, by divi- 












sion or runners. Soil must contain 












"humus and leaf-mold." N. C. See 












Plate, page 91. 






"White" 


ALPINE 


Silene 


Dwarf compact Alpine plant. Flow- 


4-6 in. 


it 




CATCHFLY 


alpe'stris 


ers in tight clusters. Stems sticky in 


Sun 










some forms. Excellent for the rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed or division. 












Any soil. Alps; Austria. 







90 




GREATER STITCHWORT. Stellaria Holostea. 




GALAX-LEAVED SHORTIA. Shortia galacifolia. 




9 2 




WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


CAUCASIAN 


*Silene 


Flowers usually solitary, rising from 


4-5 in. 


Late 




CATCHFLY 


Caucasica 


tufts of leaves. Good border or rock- 


Sun 


May, 








garden plant. Thrives in sandy loamy 




June 








soil. Caucasus. 






"Cream 
white" 


FALSE 
SOLOMON'S 
SEAL 


*Smilacina 
racemdsa 


Profusion of flowers in irregular 
feathery panicles. Handsome foliage. 
Very ornamental in July and Aug. 


1-3 ft. 

Half 
shade 


May, 
June 








when in fruit. Wild garden or border. 


or shade 










Prefers rich moist but well-drained 












soil. U. S. A. 






"White" 


EASTER 


*Stellaria V 


A useful and pretty plant. Flowers 


6-i8in. 


Mid. 




BELL, 


Holostea 


numerous. Leaves insignificant. Good 


Sun 


May to 




GREATER 


Ahine 


for border and for covering dry banks, 


or shade 


early 




STITCH- 


Holostsa 


where grass will not grow. Europe; 




June 




WORT OR 




N. Asia. See Plate, page 91. 








STARWORT, 












ADDER'S 












MEAT 










"Cream 


COMMON 


S^mphytum 


Branching plant of somewhat coarse 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


white" 


COMFREY 


omcinale 


habit. Drooping flowers which vary 


Sun or 


May to 


often 37 






to pink or pale purplish, in clusters. 


half 


mid. 








Wild garden. Any good soil. Europe; 


shade 


July 








Asia. 






"Green- 


FALSE 


Tellima 


Tufted plant bearing one-sided 


I*-2Ht 


May 


ish" 


ALUM 


grandifldra 


spikes of bell-shaped flowers which 


Shade 




turns to 


ROOT 




turn red or pink. Pretty veined foli- 






37 






age. Wild spots or rock-garden. 












Prop, by division. Any good garden 












soil. Western N. Amer. 






"White" 


FEATH- 


*Thalfctrum 


Fine erect plant. Large clusters of 


i -3 ft. 


Late 




ERED 
COLUM- 


aquilegi- 
fblium 


feathery flowers, purplish in centres. 
Handsome dark foliage resembling the 


Sun or 

half 


May to 
mid. 




BINE 




Columbine. Border, rock-garden or 


shade 


July 








naturalization. Prop, by seed or di- 












vision. Well-drained loam. Europe; 












N. Asia. 






"White" 


PURPLISH 
MEADOW 
RUE 


Thalictrum 
purpur&scens 
T. purpu- 


Large lax leafy panicles of greenish 
flowers. Border or wild garden. Prop, 
in spring by seed and division. Well- 


4-7 ft. 
Half 
shade 


Mid. 
May to 
July 






reum (Hort.) 


drained loam. N. Amer. 






"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


Thldspi 


Tufted plant with leafy clusters of 


2-4 in. 


May, 




BROOM- 


alpdstre 


flowers rising from rosettes of foliage. 


Shade 


June 




WORT 




Neat for rockwork. Cool moist situa- 












tion. Rocky Mts. 






"White" 


FOAM 


Tiarella 


Pretty starry flowers, borne in pro- 


6-12 in. 


May 




FLOWER 


cordifdlia 


fusion in erect racemes. Buds faintly 


Half 










tinged with pink. Young leaves green; 


shade 










root leaves bronze. Divide every 2 


or shade 










years. Pretty in masses, Prop, by 












division. Prefers rich moist soil. 












Eastern N. Amer. 






"White" 


EASTER 


Townse'ndia 


See page 20. 




Apr., 




DAISY 


sericea 






May 




of Colorado. 











93 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Tradescdntia 


Bushy plant of free growth. Pro- 


i -3 ft. 


Late 




SPIDER- 


Virgmiana 


fusion of flowers in umbels. Long 


Sun or 


May to 




WORT 


var. aUba 


narrow leaves droop from the flower- 


half 


late 








stalks. Border or rock-garden. Prop. 


shade 


Aug. 








in spring by division. Ordinary gar- 












den soil. Eastern U. S. A. 






"White" 


STAR 


Trientalis 


Slender-stemmed erect plant bears 


6-9 in. 


May 




FLOWER, 
CHICK- 


Americana 


starry flowers, singly or in pairs, above 
a whorl of leaves. Wild garden. Prop. 


Shade 






WEED- 
WINTER- 




by seed in spring or by division. Light 
peaty soil. Eastern N. Amer. 








GREEN 










"White" 


NODDING 


Trfllium 


See page 20. 




Late 




WAKE- 


clrnuum 






Apr. to 




ROBIN 








early 












June 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Trfllium 


See page 20. 




u 




ILL- 


ere*ctum 










SCENTED 


var. album 










WAKE- 












ROBIN 










"White" 


LARGE- 


**Trfflium 


Largest and most effective of the 


9-12 in. 


May to 


turns to 


FLOWERED 


grandifldrum 


Trilliums. Solitary three-petaled 


or more 


early 


36 


WAKE- 




flowers, changing to delicate rose. 


Half 


June 




ROBIN 




Wavy leaves 3 on a stem, near the 


shade 










flower. Excellent for shady situation. 












Prop, by seed and division. Rich 












moist soil. Eastern N. Amer. See 












Plate, page 92. 






"Cream 


EARLY 


Trfllium 


See page 20. 




Late 


white" 


WAKE- 


nivale 






Apr., 




ROBIN 








May 


"White" 


EGG- 


Trfllium 


Resembles T. grandiflorum, but the 


9-12 in. 


May 




SHAPED 


ovatum 


petals are narrower. Sepals same 


Half 






TRILLIUM 




length as petals. Protect in winter. 


shade 










See T. grandiflorum. Pacific States. 






"White" 


PAINTED 


Trfllium 


See page 20. 




Late 




WAKE- 


undulatum 






Apr., 




ROBIN 


T. erytbrocdr- 






May 






punt, 












T pictum 








"White" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 








page 64. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"White" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 













page 64. 






"White" 


AMERICAN 


*Vancouveria 


Hardy plant, with loose panicles of 


i ft. 


May, 




BARREN- 


hexdndra 


small flowers, valuable for its feath- 


Shade 


June 




WORT 


Epimldium 
bexdndrum 


ery delicate foliage. Grows well un- 
der trees. Plant in shady rock-garden 












or cultivate in masses. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Pacific Coast. 







94 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


Ver6nica 


See page 23. 




Late 




GENTIAN- 


gentianoides 






Apr. 




LEAVED var. alba 






to late 




SPEEDWELL 








May 


"Bluish 


CREEPING 


*Ver6nica 


Creeping plant forming a mat of 


Prostrate 


May 


white" 


SPEEDWELL repens 


glossy green, covered with racemes of 


Sun 




tinged 






a few blue-tinged flowers. Good for 






with 46 






rockwork and for covering bare- spots. 
Prop, by seed and division. Prefers 












moist soil, but will grow where it is 












quite dry. Corsica. 






"White" 


COMMON 


Vmca 


See page 23. 




Late 




WHITE 


minor 






Apr. 




PERIWIN- 


var. alba 






to 




KLE OR 








June 




RUNNING 












MYRTLE 










"White" 


SWEET 


Viola 


See page 23 and Plate, page 112. 




Apr., 




WHITE 


blanda 






May 




VIOLET 










"White" 


CANADA 


Viola 


See page 23. 




Late 


tinged 


VIOLET 


Canade*nsis 






Apr. to 


with 43 










mid. 












June 


"White" 


WHITE 


Viola 


See page 23. 




Late 




DOG 


canina 






Apr. 




VIOLET 


var. alba 






to late 












May 


"White" 


WHITE 


**V!ola 


See page 23. 




Late 




HORNED 


cornuta 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


var. alba 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"White" 


SWEET 


Viola 


See page 23. 




Late 




VIOLET 


odorata 






Apr. 






var. alba 






to late 












May 


"White" 


WHITE 
BIRD'S- 


Viola 
pedata 


A pretty species. Large flowers al- 
most white. Flat petals pointed, and 


3-6 in. 

Sun 


May, 
[une 




FOOT 
VIOLET 


var. alba 


somewhat pansy-like. Leaves finely 
divided suggestive of a bird's foot. 












Wild garden or for naturalization. 












Prop, by seed and division. Dry 












sandy soil. U. S. A. 






"Yellow- 
ish 
white" 2 


TURKEY'S 
BEARD 


Xeroph^llum 
setifdlium 
X. aspbode- 


Stately plant which looks like an As- 
phodel. Flowers in long dense racemes 
terminating a tall stem which rises 


i -4 ft. 
Half 
shade 


1C 






loUes 


from a tuft of grassy leaves. Moist 












border or bog garden. Prop, by care- 
ful division in spring. Moist peaty 












soil. Eastern U. S. A. 







95 



YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


WOOLLY- 


*Achillea 


Downy plant of trim effect which 


8-10 in. 


Late 


5 


LEAVED 


tomentdsa 


forms a carpet. Yellow flowers in 


Sun 


May to 




MILFOIL 




clusters. Good for cutting. Foliage 




mid. 








feathery and evergreen. Pretty for 
the margin of border and rock-garden. 
Prop, by seed, division and cuttings. 




Sept. 








Any soil. N. Amer.; Europe; the 
East. 






"Yellow" 


SPRING 


**Adonis 


See page 23. 




Mid. 


5 


ADONIS, 


vernalis 






Apr. to 




OX EYE 


A. Apennlna, 






June 






A. Daviirica 








"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


**Allium 


See page 24. 







4 


GARLIC 


Mdly 








"Lemon 


AUSTRIAN 


*Al?ssum 


See page 24. 




Apr., 


yellow" 2 


MADWORT 


Gemone'nse 






May 


"Golden 


ROCK 


**Alfssum 


See page 24. 




Mid. 


yellow" 


MADWORT, 


saxatile 






Apr. 


5 


GOLDEN- 








to late 




TUFT 








May 


"Yellow" 


COMPACT 


**Al?ssum 


See page 24 




Mid. 


5 


ROCK 


saxatile 






Apr. to 




MADWORT 


var. 






June 




OR GOLDEN- 


compactum 










TUFT 










"Golden 


YELLOW 


*Anem6ne 


See page 24. 




Apr.. 


yellow" 


WOOD 


ranunculoides 






May 


bet. 1 & 2 


ANEMONE 










"Yellow" 
2, 


GOLDEN 
MARGUE- 


*Anthemis 
tinctbria 


Dense bushy plant vigorous and 
free flowering. Daisy-like flowers 1-2 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 
May to 


centre 6 


RITE, 
ROCK 
CAMOMILE 




in. across. Foliage deeply cut. Good 
to cut and for borders. Prop, by seed 
and division. Any ordinary soil. 




Oct. 








Europe. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Aquilegia 


See page 24. 




Late 


2 


CANADIAN 


Canadgnsis 






Apr. to 




COLUMBINE 


var. flavifldra 






early 






A. C. var. 






July 






ftavescens, 












A. car idea 












var. /. 








"Yellow" 

3 & 2 


GOLDEN 
SPURRED 
COLUMBINE 


**Aquilegia 
chrysantha 
A. leptoceras 


A captivating species. Numerous 
fragrant flowers 2-3 in. across with long 
slender spurs. Graceful branching 


3-4 ft. 
Sun 


Late 

May 
to late 






var. 


stems and handsome dark foliage. 




Aug. 






cbrysdntba 


Hardier than many other Columbines. 












Plant in a sheltered place. Prop, by 












seed sown as early as possible and by 












division. Deep sandy loam. S. West- 












ern U. S. A. 












*Var. ftavescens (A. aurea, A. Cana- 












densis var. aurea); (color no. 2 marked 












with 32). Showy flowers marked with 












red, recurved spurs and pretty foliage. 












Mid. May to July. Hort. 







96 





97 



YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


PROPHET 


Arnebia 


See page 24. 




Apr., 


5 


FLOWER 


echioldes 






May 






Macrotomia e. 








"Yellow" 


DOUBLE 


Caltha 


See page 24. ; 




M 


5 


MARSH 


paliistris var. 










MARIGOLD 


fldre-pleno 












C. p. var. 












monstrbsa 












plena 








"Green- 


BLUE 


Caulophyllum 


See page 27. 




(I 


ish 


COHOSH 


thalictroides 








yellow" 2 












& green 












"Yellow" 


LEMON- 


Centaurea 


Low running stems. Flowers re- 


i2-i8in. 


Late 


1 & 21 


COLOR 


montana 


sembling the Bachelor's Button, of 


Sun 


May to 


light 


MOUNTAIN 


var. citrina 


good size and abundant, with brown 




early 




BLUET 


C. m. var. 


centres and yellow petals. Foliage 




J^y 






sulpburea 


whitish. Border. Prop, by division. 












Ordinary garden soil. Armenia. 






"Green- 


YELLOW 


Clint&nia 


Flowers edged with yellow, in ter- 


I -2 ft. 


May, 


ish 


CLINTONIA 


borealis 


minal clusters, succeeded by hand- 


Shade 


early 


yellow" 2 




Smilacina 


some blue berries and springing from 




June 


greener 




borealis 


a clump of dark shining leaves. Suit- 












able for shady part of rock-garden or 












wild garden. Prop, by spring divi- 












sion. Moist sandy peaty soil. N. Amer. 






"Golden 


NOBLE 


*Corfdalis 


Bushy plant of erect habit. Large 


10-12 in. 


u 


yellow" 


FUMITORY 


ndbilis 


clusters of flowers white and golden 


Sun or 




4 




Fumaria 


yellow with chocolate spurs. Leaves 


balf 








ndbilis 


finely divided. Good border plant. 


sbade 










Prop, by seed and division. Siberia. 






"Bright 


SMALL 


*Cypripedium 


Small flowers with flattened sac and 


I -2 ft. 


May, 


yellow" 
2 deep 


YELLOW 
LADY'S 


parviflbrum 


slight perfume. Oval pointed leaves 
attached to flower stem. Protect in 


Sbade 


June 


& dull 


SLIPPER 




winter. Plant in wild or rock-garden. 












Prop, by division. Porous moist peaty 












soil. N. Amer. 






"Pale 


LARGE 


**Cypripe- 


One of the easiest to cultivate. 


I -2 ft. 


i 


yellow" 


YELLOW 


diurn 


Stems bear 1-3 greenish yellow flow- 


Sbade 




2 deep 

& dull 


LADY'S 
SLIPPER 


publscens 
C. parviflo- 


ers, spotted with brown, petals gen- 
erally curled. For culture see C. par- 










rutn, 


viflorum. Pa. to S. C. See Plates, 










C. birsutum 


pages 97 and 98. 






"Golden 


AUSTRIAN 


*Dor6nicum 


Flowers numerous of the composite 


lift. 


ii 


yellow" 


LEOPARD'S 


Austriacum 


order and usually single. Foliage 


Sun or 




5 


BANE 




mostly in crown at base. Good for 


balf 










cutting. Plant in rough places or use 


sbade 










as a border plant. . Prop, by division. 












Any soil. S. Central Europe. 






"Yellow" 


CAUCASIAN 


*Dor6nicum 


Vigorous plant, with composite flow- 


I -2 ft. 


May, 


5 


LEOPARD'S 


Caucasicum 


ers, about 2 in. in diameter, generally 


Sun 


early 




BANE 




solitary. Root leaves heart-shaped. 




June 








Good for cutting. Prop, by division. 












Thrives in good loam. Woods of 












Caucasus; Sicily. 







99 



YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


HOOPES'S 


**Helenium 


Somewhat coarse habit. Large 


i -3 ft. 


Late 


5 


SNEEZE- 


Hodpesii 


showy daisy-like flowers, good for cut- 


Sun 


May 




WEED 




ting. Valuable border plant. Prop. 




to late 


i J f 


v:. * V 




by seed, division and cuttings. 
Thrives in rich moist soil. Western 




June 


*/ 







N. Amer. 






"YeUow'' 


DUTC5 ', 
HYACINTH 


*,*HyacJhthus 
orientalis 


See page 59. 




Late 
Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Deep 
yellow" 


YELLOW 
STAR 


Hyptfxis 
ertcta 


A low grass-like plant with small 
star-shaped flowers in clusters and 


*ft. 
Half 


May, 
June 


5 deep 


GRASS 


H. birsuta 


grass-like leaves. Rock or wild gar- 


shade 










den. P ro P' by division. Any soil. 












U.-S. A. See Plate, page 103. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW- 


Iris 


One of the largest species. Forms 


3-4 ft. 


Late 




BANDED 


orientalis 


vigorous clumps. Two to three spikes 


Sun or 


May, 




FLAG 


/. ocbroleuca, 


of flowers. Petals fade into white at 


half 


June 






I. gigantea 


the margin. Glaucous leaves which 


shade 










twist gracefully. Prop, by division. 












Almost any soil. Asia Minor; Syria. 






"YeUow" 


YELLOW OR 


*Iris 


Forms luxuriant clumps having 


i*-3ft- 


Late 


5& 2 


COMMON 


Pseudacorus 


many stems which bear large broad- 


Sun 


May 




WATER 


/. Pseud- 


petaled flowers veined with brown. 




to late 




FLAG 


dcorus 


Long stiff gray-green leaves. Beauti- 




June 








ful for the margin of water. Prep, by 












division. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


HOOP- 


*NarcJssus 


See page 28. 




Late 


5 


PETTICOAT 


Bulbocodium 






Apr. 




DAFFODIL 








to late 












May 


"Yellow 


STAR 


**Narcissus 


See page 28, and Plate, page 103. 




Mid. 


mixed" 


DAFFODIL 


incompara- 






Apr. to 






biUs & vars. 






mid. 












May 


"YeUow" 


JONQUIL 


*Narcissus 


See page 31. 




Apr., 


3 




Jonquilla & 






early 






vars. 






May 


"YeUow 


COMMON OR 


**Narcissus 


See page 31. 




Late 


mixed" 


TRUMPET 


Pseudo- 






Apr., 




DAFFODIL, 


Narcissus 






May 




LENT LILY 


vars. 








"Pale 


SESSILE- 


Oakesia 


Wild in woods. Graceful but in- 


i ft. 


May, 


yellow" 


LEAVED 
BELLWORT 


sessilifolia 
Uvularia 


conspicuous plant; a few drooping 
flowers on slender stems. Pretty foli- 


Half 
shade 


June 






sessilifdlia 


age. Naturalize under trees or in wild 












garden. Rich moist light soil. N. 












Amer. 






"YeUow" 


ICELAND 


**Papaver 


See page 35. 




Late 


5 or 6 


POPPY 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


brilliant 










July, 












late 












Aug. 
to Oct. 



102 




103 





104 




YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


SCABIOUS- 


Patrmia 


Flowers in flat-topped clusters. Fo- 


10-12 in. 


May, 


6 


LEAVED 
PATRINA 


scabiosasfdlia 


liage deeply divided. Margin of bor- 
der or rock-garden. Prop, by seed. 
Light rich soil. N. Asia. 


Sun 


June 


"Creamy 


WOOD 


Pedicularis 


Valued for its fern-like foliage. 


5-12 in. 


M 


yellow" 


BETONY 


Canade*nsis 


Flowers sometimes purple tinged, 


Sun 




2 






rarely white, in short terminal spikes. 












Prop, by seed. Moist peaty soil. N. 












Amer. 






"Yellow" 


SILVERY 


Potentilla 


A tufted plant with flowers borne on 


4-12 in. 


Early 


3 


CINQUE- 


arge"ntea 


leafy stems. Leaves deep green on 


Sun 


May 




FOIL 




top, whitish beneath. Useful for rock- 




to 








work and can be grown where other 




early 








plants will die. Prop, by seed and 




July 








division. Sandy light soil. North 












Temperate Zone. 






"Lemon 
yellow" 


CALABRIAN 
CINQUE- 


Potentflla 
Calabra 


A dwarf species with somewhat cup- 
shaped flowers i in. across and pretty 


10-12 in. 
Sun 


Late 
May to 


3 


FOIL 




silvery foliage. Rock-garden. Prop. 




early 








by seed and division. Sandy light 




July 








soil. Europe. 






"Golden 


PYRENEAN 


Potentilla 


Vigorous showy species with cup- 


6-15 in. 


May to 


yellow" 


CINQUE- 


Pyrenaica 


shaped flowers. For rockwork or 


Sun 


Aug. 


5 


FOIL 




border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Light soil. Pyrenees. 






"Pale 


COMMON 


*Prfmula 


See page 35. 




Mid. 


yellow" 


EUROPEAN 


acaulis 






Apr. to 


2 


OR TRUE 


P. grandiflora 






June 




PRIMROSE 


P. vulgar is 








"Yellow" 


OXLIP 


Primula 


Resembles P. officinalis but with 


8-12 in. 


May 


3 light 




elatior 


larger flowers. Blossoms broad and 


Half 










flat. Leaves wrinkled. Plant in the 


shade 










border or rock-garden. Protect in 












winter. Prop, by fresh seed, division 












or cuttings. Rich light soil, not dry. 












Mts., Europe. 






"Yellow" 


ENGLISH 


**Primula 


See page 35. 




Late 


3 


COWSLIP 


officinalis 






Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Rich 


STUART'S 


**Primula 


Fine vigorous species. Flowers 


9-15 in. 


Late 


yellow" 


PRIMROSE 


Stuartii 


droop in many-blossomed umbels. 


Half 


May, 


3 light 






Leaves sometimes i ft. long. Shel- 


shade 


June 








tered, somewhat elevated position in 












rock-garden. Prop, generally by seed. 












Light deep soil, not dry. Mts., N. 












India. 






"Golden 
yellow" 
5 


BACHE- 
LORS' 
BUTTON 


Ranunculus 
acris var. 
flbre-pleno 


Downy plant of the Buttercup fam- 
ily. Unusually double globular flow- 
ers. Leaves deeply divided. Border. 
Prop, by seed and division. Any good 
loam, moist if possible. Hort. 


H ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 

May to 
Sept. 



105 



YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow' 


DOUBLE 


Ranunculus 


Double rosette-shaped flowers in 


*-3 ft. 


Mid. 


5 


ACONITE- 
LEAVED 


aconitifolius 
var. luteus- 


clusters. Foliage palmate mostly at 
base of plant. Suitable for the border 


Half 
shade 


May to 

July 




BUTTERCUP 


plenus 


or wild garden. Prop, by seed and di- 




J J 








vision. Moist deep soil. Hort. 






"Yellow' 
5 


LESSER 
CELANDINE, 


*Randnculus 
Ficaria 


Neat little plant covered with pret- 
ty flowers. Leaves form a dense mat 


4-5 in. 
Sun or 


May 




FIGWORT 


Ficaria 
Ficaria 


of shining green. Plant under trees or 
in the rock-garden. Prop, by seed 


half 
shade 










and division. Any garden soil. Eu- 












rope; Western Asia. See Plate, page 












107. 






"Yellow" 
5 


MOUNTAIN 
BUTTERCUP 


Ranunculus 
montanus 


Downy plant. Flowers solitary, 
about i in. wide. Plant in rock-gar- 


6-9 in. 
Half 


May to 
early 








den. Prop, by seed and division. 


shade 


J^y 








Sandy soil. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


CREEPING 


Ranunculus 


Double form of common Buttercup. 


6-12 in. 


May to 


5 


DOUBLE- 


ripens var. 


Flowers half spherical. Suitable for 


Sun 


Aug. 




FLOWERED 


flbre-pleno 


moist places. Prop, by seed and divi- 








BUTTERCUP 




sion. Loam deep and moist. Europe; 












Asia; N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


STONECROP, 


*Sedum 


Useful dwarf plant, covered with 


2-3 in. 


Late 


4 


WALL 


acre 


small starry flowers on creeping stems. 


Sun or 


May, 




PEPPER, 




Leaves pulpy. Good on rocks and for 


half 


June 




LOVE 




carpeting sandy waste places. Prop. 


shade 






ENTANGLE 




by division and cuttings. Prefers poor 












soil. Great Britain; Europe. 












Var. aureum; (color no. 4 greener), 












shoots have golden yellow tips in early 












spring. 






"Yellow" 


CELANDINE 


Styl6phorum 


Resembles Chelidonium majus, but 


I ft. 


May, 


8 lighter 


POPPY 


diphyllum 


is a better plant. Grows in large tufts. 


Sun or 


early 






Chelidonium 
diphfllum 


Poppy-like flowers freely produced. 
Grayish foliage. Easily cultivated in 


shade 


June 






Papaver 


rich rather loose moist soil. Central 










Styldphorum 


U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


BEAN-LIKE 


*Therm6psis 


Effective plant. The blossoms, 


i-iHt. 


May, 


4 


THERMOP- 


: abacea 


borne on long terminal spikes resem- 


Sun 


[une 




SIS 


T. montana 


ble the Lupine. Leaves large. Good 












border plant. Prop, by seed sown in 












fall or spring. Light soil. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 

4 


ALLEGHANY 
THERMOP- 


*Thenn6psis 

m611is 


Erect branching plant. Flowers in 
showy spikes. Good border plant. 


2-3 ft. 

Sun or . 


Mid. 
May to 




SIS 




Prop, by division, but better by seed. 


hade 


Aug. 








Any soil, preferably light and well- 












drained. Southern Atlantic States. 






"Yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 


Thermdpsis 


A graceful and distinct species. See 


lift. 


May, 




THERMOP- 


montana 


T. fabacea. Western U. S A. 


Sun or 


fune 




SIS 






hade 




"Orange 


ORANGE 


**Tr611ius 


See page 35. 




Late 


yellow" 6 


GLOBE 


Asiaticus 






Apr. to 




FLOWER 








ate 












May, 












early 












Aug. 
oOct. 



106 




107 




YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
5 


DOUBLE 
ACONITE- 
LEAVED 


Ranunculus 
aconitifdlius 
var. luteus- 


Double rosette-shaped flowers in 
clusters. Foliage palmate mostly at 
base of plant. Suitable for the border 


*-3 ft. 

Half 
shade 


Mid. 
May to 

July 




BUTTERCUP 


plenus 


or wild garden. Prop, by seed and di- 












vision. Moist deep soil. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


LESSER 


*Rantinculus 


Neat little plant covered with pret- 


4-5 in. 


May 


5 


CELANDINE, 


Ficaria 


ty flowers. Leaves form a dense mat 


Sun or 






FIGWORT 


Ficaria 
Ficaria 


of shining green. Plant under trees or 
in the rock-garden. Prop, by seed 


half 
shade 










and division. Any garden soil. Eu- 












rope; Western Asia. See Plate, page 












107. 






"Yellow" 
5 


MOUNTAIN 
BUTTERCUP 


Ranunculus 
montanus 


Downy plant. Flowers solitary, 
about i in. wide. Plant in rock-gar- 


6-9 in. 
Half 


May to 
early 








den. Prop, by seed and division. 


shade 


July 








Sandy soil. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


CREEPING 


Ranunculus 


Double form of common Buttercup. 


6-12 in. 


May to 


5 


DOUBLE- 


ripens var. 


Flowers half spherical. Suitable for 


Sun 


Aug. 




FLOWERED 


fldre-pleno 


moist places. Prop, by seed and divi- 








BUTTERCUP 




sion. Loam deep and moist. Europe; 












Asia; N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


STONECROP, 


*Sedum 


Useful dwarf plant, covered with 


2-3 in. 


Late 


4 


WALL 


acre 


small starry flowers on creeping stems. 


Sun or 


May, 




PEPPER, 




Leaves pulpy. Good on rocks and for 


half 


June 




LOVE 




carpeting sandy waste places. Prop. 


shade 






ENTANGLE 




by division and cuttings. Prefers poor 












soil. Great Britain; Europe. 












Var. aureum; (color no. 4 greener), 












shoots have golden yellow tips in early 












spring. 






"Yellow" 


CELANDINE 


Styl6phorum 


Resembles Chelidonium majus, but 


I ft. 


May, 


8 lighter 


POPPY 


diphfllum 

Cbelidonium 


is a better plant. Grows in large tufts. 
Poppy-like flowers freely produced. 


Sun or 
shade 


early 
June 






diphfllum 


Grayish foliage. Easily cultivated in 










Pap aver 


rich rather loose moist soil. Central 










Styldphorum 


U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


BEAN-LIKE 


*Therm6psis 


Effective plant. The blossoms, 


l-lift. 


May, 


4 


THERMOP- 


:abacea 


borne on long terminal spikes resem- 


Sun 


June 




SIS 


T. monlana 


ble the Lupine. Leaves large. Good 












border plant. Prop, by seed sown in 












fall or spring. Light soil. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


ALLEGHANY 


*Therm6psis 


Erect branching plant. Flowers in 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 


4 


THERMOP- 


m611is 


showy spikes. Good border plant. 


Sun or . 


May to 




SIS 




Prop, by division, but better by seed. 


shade 


Aug. 








Any soil, preferably light and well- 












drained. Southern Atlantic States. 






"Yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 


Therm6psis 


A graceful and distinct species. See 


i|ft- 


May, 




THERMOP- 


montana 


T. fabacea. Western U. S A. 


Sun or 


[une 




SIS 






hade 




"Orange 


ORANGE 


**Tr<511ius 


See page 35. 




-ate 


yellow" 6 


GLOBE 


Asiaticus 






Apr. to 




FLOWER 








ate 












VI ay, 
early 












Aug. 
to Oct. 



106 




io8 



YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


!*ime of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 


**Tr611ius 


Branching plant. Round double 


6-1 5 in. 


iarly 


5 


GLOBE 


Curopffius 


flowers either solitary or in pairs. 


Half 


May to 




FLOWER 


T. globosus 


Beautifully shaped, deeply divided 


bade 


arly 








leaves. Good border plant. Prop, by 
seed and division; flowers the second 


best 


une 








year from seed. Flourishes in sandy 












peaty loam. N. Europe. 












Var. Loddigesii, flowers of deeper 












yellow. Hort. 






"Orange 


JAPANESE 


*Tr611ius 


Flowers deeper color than T. Eu- 


15 in. 


Way, 


yellow" 


GLOBE 
FLOWER 


"ap6nicus 


ropaeus. Dense-growing plant with 
round double flowers like giant But- 


Half 
shade 


une 








tercups. Handsome deeply divided 












leaves. Good border plant. Prop, by 












seed and division; flowers the second 












year from seed. Thrives in sandy 












peaty loam. Japan. 






"Yellow" 


TULIP 


**Tulipavars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 








page 64. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Yellow" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 




u 








page 64. 






"Yellow" 


TURKISH 


*Tulipa 


Not effective for bedding. Petals 


i-iift. 


May 


5 


TULIP 


acuminata 


very long and narrow and reflexed, 


Sun 




streaked 






streaked with red. Leaves have wavy 






with 18 






margins. Plant in late Sept. or Oct. 












at a depth of 4 in. to the bottom of 












the bulb, allowing 4 in. between each 












bulb. It is wise to protect in winter 












and to give an occasional top-dressing. 












Prop, by offsets. Light soil. If drain- 












age is not good put sand around the 












bulb. Hort. 




* 


"Yellow" 


SOUTHERN 


*TMipa 


Not good for bedding. Similar to 


i-i^ft. 


it 


3 flushed 


TULIP 


australis 


Tulipa sylvestris, but smaller in every 


Sun 




with 18 






way. Drooping buds. Bell-shaped 
flowers slightly funnel-form, tinged 












with red on the outside. For cultiva- 












tion see T. acuminata. S. Europe; 












N. Africa. 






"Lemon 


BATALIN'S 


*Tulipa 


Not good for bedding. One of the 


5 in. 


Early 


yellow" 3 


TULIP 


Batalini 


earliest Tulips. Flowers bell or fun- 


Sun 


May 


lighter & 






nel-shaped. Leaves lie on the ground. 






warmer 






For cultivation see T. acuminata. 






flushed 






Asia. 






with 29 












"Yellow' 


BIEBER- 


*Tulipa 


Not good for bedding. Broad bell- 


6 in. 


May 


3 lighter 


STEIN'S 


Bieber- 


shaped flowers tinted with reddish- 


Sun 




& wann- 


TULIP 


steiniana 


pink on the edges, brownish at base. 






er & 30 






Buds slightly drooping. For cultiva- 












tion see T. acuminata. Asia. 






"Yellow' 


KAUF- 


*TMipa 


Large bright flowers tinted with red 


6-ioin. 


Mid. 


5 light, 18 


MANN'S 


Kaufmann- 


near the top. Grayish leaves. See T. 


Sun 


May 


outside 


TULIP 


iana 


acuminata. Turkestan. 







109 



YELLOW 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


PERSIAN 


*TWipa 


Flowers about 3 in. wide, green- 


3-9 in. 


Mid. 


6 


TULIP 


Pe-rsica 


tinted outside, whitish within, yellow 


Sun 


May 






T. patens 


in centre. Plant in late Sept. or Oct. 












at a depth of 4 in. to the bottom of the 












bulb, allowing 4 in. between each. It 












is wise to protect in winter and to give 












an occasional top-dressing. Prop, by 












offsets. Light soil. If drainage is poor 












put sand around the bulb. Siberia. 






"Yellow" 


REFLEXED 


**TMipa 


An elegant and graceful species. 


12-15 in. 


Early 


3 dull 


TULIP 


retrofl&a 


Flowers poised on slender stems, open 


Sun 


to late 








widely, having very pointed and re- 




May 








flexed petals. More delicate in ap- 












pearance than most hybrid Tulips. 












Plant in clumps or masses in the bor- 












der of shrubbery beds, etc. There is 












also a red var. For cultivation, etc., 












see T. Persica. Hort. See Plate, 












page in. 






"Pale 
yellow" 


WILD 
TULIP 


*Tulipa 
sylve"stris 


Fragrant flowers sometimes edged 
with red. Nodding buds and slender 


10-15 i n - 
Sun 


Early 

May 


3 




/ . Florentlna 


grayish leaves. For cultivation see T. 










T. F. var. 


Persica. England; Europe. See 










odorata 


Plate, page in. 






"Sulphur 
yellow" 


VITELLINE 
OR YELLOW 


**Tulipa 

vitellina 


Delicate yet showy in appearance, 
of sturdy habit with large shapely 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


May 


4 


TULIP 




flowers of a soft color. One of the 












"Cottage Garden" Tulips. For loca- 












tion and cultivation see T. Persica. 












Hort. 






"Lemon 


LARGE- 


*Uvularia 


This species has stouter stems and 


10-18 in. 


May. 


yellow" 


FLOWERED 


grandifldra 


larger flowers than U. perfoliata. 


Shade 


June 


2 


BELLWORT 




Eastern N. Amer. 






"Cream 


PERFO- 


Uvularia 


A pretty but modest native. Long 


6-20 in. 


May 


yellow" 


LIATE 


perfoliata 


and narrow bell-shaped flowers droop 


Shade 




1 pale 


BELLWORT, 
WILD OATS 




gracefully amidst luxuriant soft green 
foliage. Wild garden plant. Prop- by 












division. Rich light soil. U. S. A. 












See Plate, page 112. 






"Yellow" 


LONG- 


*Verbdscum 


A single erect stalk with flowers 


3-4 ft. 


Late 


3 


LEAVED 
ITALIAN 


longifdlium 
V . panndsum 


borne at the top in irregular branch- 
ing racemes. Woolly leaves, lower 


Sun 


May 
to late 




MULLEIN 




ones very long. Coarse but imposing 




June 








in the border; also looks well in front 












of shrubbery. Prop, by seed. Any 












soil. Italy. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


**Vlola 


See page 35. 




Late 


6 


HORNED 


cornuta var. 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


lutea major 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"Yellow" 


HALBERD- 


Viola 


Dwarf tufted Violet with halberd- 


4-10 in. 


May 


2 


LEAVED 
YELLOW 


hastata 


shaped leaves. Showy when in bloom. 
Plant in shady part of rock-garden. 


Half 
shade 






VIOLET 




Prop, by division. Southern States. 







I IO 




WILD TULIP. Tulipa sylrestris. 




REFLEXED TULIP. Tulipa retroflc.ra. 



III 




112 



YELLOW, ORANGE 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rich 


MOUNTAIN 


*Viola liitea 


Dense growing Violet of neat habit, 


2-6 in. 


Early 


yellow" 


VIOLET 




a profuse bloomer. Lower petals 


Half 


to late 


5 






finely striped with black. Plant in 


shade 


May 








margin of border or half shady spot 












in rock-garden. Prop, by division. 












Europe. 






"Yellow" 


HAIRY 


Viola 


See page 35. 




Late 


effect 2 


YELLOW 


pube*scens 






Apr. 


light 


VIOLET 








to late 












May 


"Yellow" 
4 


YELLOW 
OR BARREN 


Waldsteinia 
fragarioides 


Strawberry-like plant of tufted hab- 
it. Several flowers on the stem. 


4 in. 
Sun 


May, 
June 




STRAW- 


Dalibarda 


Glossy leaves. Good for covering dry 








BERRY 


fragarioides 


banks or sunny position in rock-gar- 












den. East of the Mississippi. 






"Yellow" 


EARLY OR 


Zizia aurea 


See page 36. 




Late 


4 


GOLDEN 








Apr. 




MEADOW 








to late 




PARSNIP 








May 


"Orange 


GOLDEN 


Bloomeria 


See page 36. 




Apr., 


yellow" 


BLOOM- 


aurea 






May 


5 


ERIA 


Notboscor- 












dum aureum 








"Or- 
ange" 


DWARF 
CHILOE 


*Geum 
Chiloe*nse 


Vigorous species. Color paler than 
G. Chiloense. Wide-open five-petaled 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


May, 
June 


26 more 


WATER 


var. miniatum 


flowers on stems which rise above the 






orange 


FLOWER 


G. miniatum 


foliage. A group forms a brilliant and 
pretty effect in rock-garden or border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Easily 












cultivated. Moist soil preferable. 












Hort. 






"Pur- 


WATER 


*Geum 


Few drooping flowers on unbranch- 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


plish 
orange" 


AVENS OR 
WATER 


rivale 


ing stems. Leaves mostly at the base. 
Shady spot in rock-garden or border. 


Half 
shade 


May, 
June 


near 


FLOWER 




Prop, by seed and division. Moist 






3&41 






soil. N. Amer. 






"Or- 


DUTCH 


**Hyacmthus 


See page 59. 




Late 


ange" 


HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Or- 
ange" 7 


HOARY 
PUCCOON, 


Lithosper- 
mum 


Erect stalks dividing near the sum- 
mit into 2 elongated leafy arching 


9- i 5 n. 
Sun or 


Late 
May 


brighter 


RED ROOT, 


cane"scens 


clusters of tubular flowers. Rock- 


half 






INDIAN 
PAINT 




garden or border. Prop, by seed, divi- 
sion and cuttings. Well-drained soil, 


shade 










sandy or loamy. N. Amer. 






"Deep 


ORANGE 


*Papaver 


See page 36. 




Late 


orange" 


ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


var. aurantia- 






July, 


12 & 17 




cum 






late 












Aug. 
to Oct. 



ORANGE, RED 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


SMALL 


*Papaver 


See page 36. 




Late 


orange" 


ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


var. 






J u iy 


12 & 17 




miniatum 






mid. 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Pale 


HAIRY- 


*Papaver 


Covered with soft hairs. Flowers 


12-18 in. 


Late 


scarlet 


STEMMED 


pilosum 


pale scarlet or intense orange, with 


Sun 


May, 


orange" 


POPPY 




white basal mark. Leaves pale green. 




June 


9 






Pleasing in elevated parts of rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Sandy loam. Greece. 






"Red 


ATLANTIC 


*Papaver 


Flowers about 3 in. across. Foliage 


12-1 5 in. 


Late 


orange" 


POPPY 


rupifragum 


silvery and hairy. Border. Prop, by 


Sun 


May to 


11 




var. 


seed and division. Sandy loam. 




Aug. 






Atlanticum 


Morocco. 










P. Atldnticum 








"Scarlet" 


WILD 


*Aquilegia 


See page 36. 




Late 


19 & 4 


COLUMBINE 


Canade*nsis 






Apr. to 












mid. 












June 


"Orange 


HYBRID 


**Aquilegia 


Showy drooping flowers, scarlet and 


l-ltft. 


Mid. 


red" 


CALIFOR- 


formbsa 


yellow, spurs long and slender. Foli- 


Sun 


May to 


2 & 17 


NIAN 


var. h^brida 


age gray-green. A good border plant 




July 




COLUMBINE 


A. Californica 


for sheltered spot. P r P- by see ^ 










var. bybrida 


sown as early as possible. Deep sandy 












loam. Hort. 






"Orange 


MEXICAN 


*Aquilegia 


A large well-shaped plant with 


1-2 ft. 


Late 


red" 


COLUMBINE 


Skinneri 


many-flowered stem. Sepals green; 


Sun 


May, 


19 & 5 






petals greenish orange; spurs bright 




June 








red; stamens protruding beyond the 
petal. Good border plant. Light 












soil. Mexico. 






"Orange 


CALIFOR- 


*Aquilegia 


See page 36. 




Apr. 


scarlet" 


NIAN 


truncata 






to 


17 


COLUMBINE 


A. Calif 6r- 






early 






nica, 






June 






A. eximea 








"Scarlet" 
18 


DWARF 
RED OR 


*Delphmium 
nudicaule 


Pretty plant. Loose spikes of flow- 
ers ranging from light scarlet to crim- 


Sun 


Late 

May, 




NORTHERN 




son. Good for cutting. Protect in 




June 




SCARLET 




winter. Plant in the border. Prop. 








LARKSPUR 




by seed. Rich sandy soil of good 












depth. N. Cal. 






"Red" 


COMMON 


*Epimedium 


Not easy to obtain. Dainty plant 


9 in. 


Mid. 


26 


BARREN- 


alpinum 


with fanciful flowers. Outer sepals 


Half 


May to 




WORT, 
BISHOP'S 




grayish, inner crimson, petals yellow. 
Foliage often evergreen. New leaves 


shade 


early 

[une 




HAT 




reddish tinted. Plant in rock-garden 












or edge of shady shrubbery. Prop, by 
division. Any garden soil, preferably 












peaty. Europe. 







14 




RED 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Red" 26 


RED BAR- 


*Epimedium 


Very similar in habit to E. alpinum. 


8-12 in. 


May 


darker 


RENWORT 


rubrum 


Red flowers with grayish outer pet- 


Half 








E. alptnum 


als. Foliage some what bronze-colored, 


shade 








var. rubrum 


good for cutting. Lasts all winter. 












Plant in rock-garden or on edge of 












shrubbery beds. Prop, by division. 












Any ordinary garden soil. Japan. 






"Crim- 


BLOOD-RED 


**Geranium 


Good species. Large flowers "al- 


I i-2 ft. 


Late 


son" 41 


CRANES- 


sanguineum 


most crimson," borne on branching 


Sun or 


May to 


deeper 


BILL 




stems. Pretty foliage. Good for wild 


half 


mid. 








garden, rock-garden or border. Prop. 


shade' 


July 








by seed and division. Any good soil. 












W. Asia; Europe. 






"Pur- 


APACHE 


*Geum 


Low plant soft and hairy. Flowers 


6- 1 8 in. 


May, 


plish 
red" 


PLUME, 
LONG- 


triflbrum 
G. ciliatum 


followed by feathery red seed pods. 
Rock-garden or border. Prop, by seed 


Half 
shade 


June 


33 or 26 


PLUMED 




and division. Light moist soil pre- 






dull 


PURPLE 




ferable. N. Amer. 








AVENS 










"Red" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacinthus 


See page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Purple 


RED OR 


Lychnis 


Showy plant of somewhat rank 


1-2 ft. 


Mid. 


red" 


MORNING 


dioica 


habit. Flowers in loose clusters open- 


Sun 


May 


often 31 


CAMPION 


L. diurna 


ing in the morning, borne on leafy 




to late 


brilliant 






stems. Color varies to pink and white. 




June 








No fragrance. Blooms at intervals all 












summer. A good border plant. Prop. 












by seed and division. Any garden 












soil. Europe; Asia. 












Var. flore-pleno, a double form. 






"Bright 
crimson" 


ANOMA- 
LOUS 


*Pae6nia 

anomala 


Herbaceous Peony. Single species 
with brilliant blossoms of unusual size. 


'H ft. 

Sun or 


May 




PEONY 


& vars. 


Foliage finely divided. A half shady 


half 








P. Fischeri, 


position is desirable for all herbaceous 


shade 








P. intermedia 


Peonies. Effective in the border but 












especially striking at a distance when 
edging beds of shrubs, walks, etc. 












Prop, by division usually in early 












autumn. Deep rather moist loam en- 












riched with cow-manure. Europe; 












Asia. 












Var. insignis. The most popular 












variety, i|-2ft. high. Var. intermedia. 












A variety with richer color than the 












type. i \-2 ft. high. Foliage more 












deeply cut. Europe. 






"Dark 


RAM'S HORN 


*Paeonia 


An effective herbaceous Peony with 


2-3 ft. 





red" 


PEONY 


arietina 


big solitary richly colored flowers and 


Svn or 








P. Cretica 


a bluish tinge to the foliage. Good 


half 










for cutting. For location and cultiva- 


shade 










tion see P. anomala. Many hort. 












vars. in different colors. S. Europe. 







RED 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pinkish 
red" 


SMALL- 
FRUITED 


*Pse6nia 

microcarpa 


Herbaceous Peony. Very large sin- 
gle flowers of delicate color, rather 


i-iift. 

Sun or 


Late 
May 




PEONY 




low-growing. Half shade is desirable. 


half 










Good in masses for distant effects,. or 


shade 










for the border. Prop, usually by divi- 












sion in early autumn. Deep rather 












moist loam enriched with cow-ma- 












nure. Spain. 






"Crim- 


COMMON 


**Pae6nia 


Herbaceous Peony. Common in old 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 


son" 33 


GARDEN 


officinalis 


gardens. Large flowers and hand- 


Sun or 


May to 


redder, 


PEONY 


& vars. 


some divided foliage. Hardy and ef- 


half 


mid. 


etc. 




P. fulgida 


fective in the border or in masses with 


shad* 


June 








other Peonies. Half shade is desira- 












ble. The parent of many hort. vars., 












see page 159. Usually prop, by divi- 












sion in early autumn. Being gross 












feeders, they like a deep rather moist 












loam enriched with cow-manure. 












Europe. 












The following are good varieties: 












**Var. anemona flora; (color no. 27), 












globular flowers with a quantity of 












crimson, twisted, yellow-edged sta- 












mens. **Var. rosea-plena; rich crim- 












son double flowers. Var. rubra-plena, 












double crimson flowers. Hort. 






"Deep 
crimson" 


PARADOXI- 
CAL PEONY 


*Pae6nia 
paraddxa 


Herbaceous Peony. Very compact 
and dwarf, with single flowers and 


i-ijft. 
Sun or 


Late 
May 


bet. 






somewhat glaucous foliage. Prop. 


half 




27& 28 






usually by early autumn division. 


shade 










Deep moist loam enriched with cow- 








- 




manure. S. Europe. 












Var. fimbriata, brilliant double flow- 












ers very handsome, but little known 












in U. S. A. Hort. 






"Crim- 


STRAG- 


*Pffibnia 


Herbaceous Peony. Effective spe- 


1 ^-2 ft. 


May 


son" 


GLING 


peregrina 


cies resembling P. officinalis, crim- 


Sun or 




40 deeper 


PEONY 




son in the type, and having many 


half 










hort. vars., see page 159. For culti- 
vation see P. officinalis. 


shade 




"Deep 


FINE- 


*Pae6nia 


Densely leafed herbaceous Peony. 


i-i$ ft. 


Mid. 


red" 20 


LEAVED 


tenuifdlia 


Large single flowers and fine feathery 


Sun or 


May to 


richer 


PEONY 




foliage. Good border plant. Half 


half 


mid. 








shade is desirable. Prop, generally by 
division in early autumn. Deep rather 


shade 


June 








moist loam enriched with cow-ma- 












nure. Caucasus. 












**Var. flore-pleno, a double-flowered 












variety. 






"Blood 


BRACTEATE 


*Papaver 


One of the largest and most gor- 


3-4 ft. 


Late 


red" 17 


POPPY 


bracteatum 


geous of Poppies. Flowers 6-9 in. 


Sun 


May to 


redder 




P. orientate 


across, marked inside with purple- 




mid. 






var. 


black spot, on erect stems. Handsome 




June 






bracteatum 


foliage in clump at base of plant. Ef- 












fective in the border and against the 












green of shrubs. Prop, by seed, or di- 












vision after flowering. Any soil. 












Caucasus, Persia. 







16 



RED 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Light 


RUPIFRAGE 


*Papaver 


Dwarf species of neat habit. Foli- 


8-12 in. 


May to 


red" 16 


POPPY 


rupifragum 


age grayish-green. Border. Prop, by 
seed and division. Sandy loam. 


Sun 


Aug. 








Spain. 






"Crim- 


CLEVE- 


*Pentstemon 


Tall narrow spikes of flowers. Foli- 


10-18 in. 


Late 


son" 


LAND'S 
PENTSTE- 


Cleveland! 


age somewhat gray-green. Protect in 
winter. Prop, by seed and division. 


Sun 


May to 
mid. 




MON 




Any good garden soil, not too dry. 




June 


"Bright 
red" 


RED 
SPIDER- 


Tradescantia 
Virginiana 


Bushy plant of free growth. Um- 
bels of flowers borne in profusion. 


i -3 ft. 
Sun or 


Late 
May 




WORT 


van 


Long grass-like foliage. Border or 


half 


to late 






coccmea 


rock-garden. Prop, by division in 


shade 


Aug. 








spring. Ordinary garden soil. S. 












Western U. S. A. 






"Brown- 


ILL- 


*Trillium 


See page 36. 




Late 


ish red" 


SCENTED 


ere*ctum 






Apr. to 


28 neu- 


WAKE- 


T. pendulum, 






early 


tral & 


ROBIN 


T. purpureum 






June 


lighter 




T. fcetidum 








"Red" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 








page 64. 




Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Red" 


TULIP 


**Tulipavars. 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 




H 








page 64. 






"Deep 


KEELED 


**Tulipa 


Large open flowers with petals shad- 


12-15 i n - 


May 


scarlet" 


TULIP 


carinata 


ing into bright yellow spot at base. 


Sun 










Leaves slightly wavy. Plant in late 












Sept. or Oct. at a depth of 4 in. to the 












bottom of the bulb, allowing 4 in. be- 












tween each. Best to protect in winter 












and to give an occasional top-dressing. 
Prop, by offsets. Light soil. If drain- 












age is poor put sand around the bulb. 












Habitat unknown. 






"Bright 


DIDIER'S 


*Tulipa 


Large flowers 4$ in. across. Petals 


i-i*ft. 


ii 


crimson" 


TULIP 


Didieri 


with deep purple spots at the base. 


Sun 










Pointed wavy leaves. For location 












and cultivation see T. carinata. Al- 












pine Region. See Plate, page 1 19. 






"Bright 
red" 


ELEGANT- 
FLOWERED 


*Tulipa 

Regans 


Graceful species with a yellow eye. 
Flowers about 3 in. long, with pointed 


i-iift. 
Sun 


H 




TULIP 




slightly reflexed petals. For cultiva- 












tion see T. carinata. Hort. 






"Scarlet" 


BRILLIANT 


"Tulipa 


Said to be a garden form of T. 


9-18 in. 


H 


20 


TULIP 


: ulgens 


Gesneriana. Brilliant flowers on tall 


Sun 










stems. Leaves very wavy. For cul- 












tivation see T. carinata. Hort. 







117 



RED, PINK 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Bright 


COMMON 


**Tulipa 


One of the most gorgeous and ef- 


6-24 in. 


Mid. 


red" bet. ^GARDEN 


Gesneriana 


fective of all the Tulips. Erect stem 


Sun 


May to 


20626 


OR LATE 




bears a large goblet-shaped scentless 




early 




TULIP 




flower about 2 in. long, usually having 




June 








a yellow or dark blotch at the base. 












Leaves often wavy. Beautiful in 












groups or masses or for edging shrub- 












bery. There are vars. in different 












colors. Plant in late Sept. or Oct. 4 in. 












deep and 4 apart. Protect in win- 












ter and give an occasional top-dress- 












ing. Prop, by offsets. Light soil. If 












drainage is not good put sand around 












bulb. Origin unknown. 






"Red" 


GREIG'S 


**Tiilipa 


See page 39. 


3-8 in. 


Late 


19 


TULIP 


Greigii 




Sun 


Apr. to 












mid. 












May 


"Scarlet" 


SUN'S-EYE 
TULIP 


*Tulipa 
Oculus-s61is 


Flowers about 4^ in. wide, with 
shining black spots edged with yellow 


12-18 in. 
Sun 


May 








clearly defined at the base of the pet- 












als. Plant in late Sept. or Oct. at a 












depth of 4 in. to the bottom of the 












bulb, allowing 4 in. between each. It 












is best to protect in winter and to give 












an occasional top-dressing. Prop, by 












offsets. Light soil. If drainage is not 












good put sand around the bulb. S. 












Europe. 






"Scarlet" 


OSTROSK'S 


*TWipa 


Allied to T. Oculus-solis. Scentless 


i ft. 


Late 


18 tinged 


TULIP 


Ostrowskiana 


flowers spotted with black at the base, 


Sun 


May 


with 






and sometimes edged at the top with 






yellow 






yellow. For cultivation see T. Oculus- 












solis. Turkestan. 






"Scarlet" 


EARLY 


*Tiilipa 


Very similar to T. Oculus-solis, but 


12-18 in. 


May 


18 


TULIP 


prascox 


more vigorous and earlier blooming. 


Sun 




marked 






See T. Oculus-solis. Europe. 






with 3 












"Rose 


ARETHUSA, 


Arethusa 


An orchid. Each plant bears one 


9 in. 


May, 


pink" 


INDIAN 


bulbbsa 


bright flower and one long and narrow 


Shade 


June 


29 dull 


PINK 




leaf on an erect stem. Give northern 












exposure in rock or bog-garden. Prop, 
by pseudo-bulbs. Moist fibrous soil. 












Marshes U. S. A. 






"Pink" 


CUSHION 


**Armeria 


Flowers in dense heads spring from 


3-6 in. 


Mid. 


27 
lighter 


PINK, 
SEASIDE 
THRIFT, 
SEA TURF, 


maritima 

A. vulgar is 


tufts of evergreen foliage. Grows 
freely and blooms profusely. A trim 
plant excellent for rock-garden or edg- 
ing. Prop, by seed and division. 


Sun 


May to 
mid. 
June 




CLIFF ROSE 




Europe; N. Amer. 






"Intense 


LAUCHE'S 


**Armeria 


See page 39. 




Late 


pink" 27 


THRIFT OR 


maritima var. 






Apr. to 


lighter 


SEA PINK 


Laucheana 






mid. 






A. L. 






June 



18 




IIQ 





MAIDEN PINK. Dianthus deltoides. 




120 



GARLAND FLOWER. Daphne Cneorum. 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 


LEICHT- 


*Aubrietia 


See page 39. 




Late 


31 deeper 
& redder 


LIN'S 
ROCK 


del to idea var. 
Leichtlini 






Apr., 
May 




CRESS 










"Pink" 


ENGLISH 


*Bllis 


See page 39. 




Mid. 


29 &. 


DAISY 


pere"nnis 






Apr. to 


white 










mid. 












June 


"Pink" 
22 


CALYPSO 


Calypso 
borealis 


Pretty and rare Orchid, resembling 
the Lady's Slipper. Flowers solitary; 


3-6 in. 

Half 


May, 
June 






C. bulbosa 


large pink lip with brown spots and 


shade 










yellow crest within. One leaf on each 












plant. Suitable for bog garden but 












difficult of culture. Prop, by offsets. 












Light moist fibrous soil. Prop, by 












offsets. N. Amer. 






"Rose" 


ROSY 


**Centaurea 


Flowers resemble the Bachelor's 


i2-2oin 


Late 


40 duller 


MOUNTAIN 


montana 


Button. This var. is like the type. 


Sun 


May to 




BLUET 


var. r6sea 


A pleasing border plant. Prop, by 




early 








division. Ordinary garden soil. Hort. 




July 


"Rose" 


CAROLINA 


Ulaytbnia 


See page 39. 




Late 


36 & 23 


SPRING 


Caroliniana 






Apr., 




BEAUTY 








May 


"Light 


SPRING 


Claytdnia 


See page 39. 




Apr., 


pink" 36 


BEAUTY 


Virginica 






May 


"Pink" 


SOLID- 


Dor^dalis 


Flowers borne in compact clusters 


6 in. 


May 


29 


ROOTED 
FUMEWORT 


bulbosa 
C. solid a, 


rise from a mass of pretty gray-green 
foliage. Rock or wild garden. Prop. 


Sun or 

half 








Fumaria 


by seed or division. Any soil, not too 


shade 








solid a 


dry. Europe; Asia. 






"Pur- 


STEMLESS 


*Cypripedium 


Handsome solitary orchid-like flow- 


8-12 in. 


Early 


plish 


LADY'S 


acaule 


ers with pink sac and brownish sepals. 


Shade 


May, 


pink" 


SLIPPER 




Leaves like the Lily-of-the-valley. 




June 


29 






Protect in winter. Plant in shady 












rock-garden. Prop, by division. 












Moist porous peaty soil. Northern 












N. Amer. 






"Deep 


GARLAND 


**Daphne 


See page 39 and Plate, page 120. 




Late 


pink" 


FLOWER 


2ne6rum 






Apr., 


29 










May 


"Delicate 


CHEDDAR 


*Dianthus 


Charming dwarf tufted species with 


Sin. 


^ate 


pink" 27 


PINK 


cstsius 


pale fragrant flowers.' Neat plant for 


Sun 


May to 


light 






rock-garden and border; prefers an 




early 








elevated position. Piop. by seed and 
division. Rich well-drained soil. 




fuly 








Europe. 






"Deep 


MAIDEN 


**Dianthus 


A trim sturdy dwarf plant. Soli- 


6-9 in. 


Way, 


pink" 


PINK 


deltoides 


tary crimson-centred flowers borne in 


Sun 


une 


31 






abundance. Foliage forms a dense 












carpet. Very pretty for border or 












rock-garden. Prop, best by division. 












Rich soil. Japan; W. Europe. See 












Plate, page 120. 







121 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 
36 or 37 


SCOTCH, 

COMMON 
GRASS, 


**Dianthus 
plumarius 


Often seen in old gardens. Fragrant 
flowers varying to white, purplish or 
parti-colored, with fringed or jagged 


I ft. 
Sun 


Late 
May 
to late 




GARDEN OR 
PHEASANT'S 




petals. Small gray-green leaves form 
a dense tuft. Rock-garden or border. 




June 




EYE PINK 




Prop, by seed and division. Rich soil. 












Siberia. 




, 


"Rose" 


CALIFORNIA 


*Dice"ntra 


Heart-shaped flowers in drooping 


i ft. 


Late 


23 


BLEEDING 


form&sa 


racemes hang above the pretty finely 


Half 


May, 




HEART 




cut foliage. Protect slightly in winter. 
Attractive in old-fashioned gardens. 


shade 
best 


June 








Prop, by crown or root division. 












Good light soil. Cal. 






"Rose" 


BLEEDING 


**Dice*ntra 


See page 40 and Plate, page 123. 




Late 


30 


HEART 


spectabilis 






Apr. to 






Dielytra s. 






mid. 












July 


"Rose" 


JEFFREY'S 


*Dodecatheon 


Flowers in large umbels. Very 


I -2 ft. 


May, 


29 


SHOOTING 


J^ffreyi 


large leaves springing from the root, 


Half 


June 




STAR, 




and rising to the flowers. The foliage 


shade 






AMERICAN 




dies when the plant blossoms. Plant 


or shade 






COWSLIP 




in sheltered places. Prop, slowly by 












seed, also by crown division. Moist 












well-drained soil. Western Coast of 












N. Amer. 






"Pink- 


MAY- 


*Epiga* 


See page 40. 




Apr., 


ish" 
36 or 29 


FLOWER, 
TRAILING 


repens 






early 
May 




ARBUTUS, 












GROUND 












LAUREL 










"Rose" 


ENDRES'S 


Geranium 


Plentiful fringed blossoms with dark 


i-iift. 


Late 


38 


CRANES- 
BILL 


Endressi 


veining. Pretty foliage. Attractive 
in rough situations in the rock-garden. 


Half 
shade 


May 
to late 








Prop, by seed and division. Any good 




June 








soil. Pyrenees. 






"Pink" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacfnthus 


See page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Pink" 


REDDISH 


*Lflium 


Showy clusters of funnel-form flow- 


3-4 ft. 


Late 


29, 
spots 34 


LILY 


rubellum 


ers about 3 in. across. Bright green 
foliage. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets or 


Half 
shade 


May, 
early 








scales and very slowly by seed. Light 




June 








well-drained rich soil. Avoid direct 












contact with manure. Japan. 






"Pink" 


RED 


*L?chnis 


See page 59. 




Late 


29 pale 


ALPINE 


alpina 






Apr., 




CAMPION 


yiscaria a. 






May 


"Light 


DOUBLE 


*Lchnis 


Pretty species, much grown in old- 


1-2 ft. 


Late 


pink" 


CUCKOO 


F16s-cuculi 


fashioned gardens. Double flowers in 


Sun 


May 


29 pale 


FLOWER OR 


var. 


lax clusters, abundant and continuous 




to late 




RAGGED 


plenissima 


in bloom, rise from a tuft of leaves. 




June 




ROBIN 


L. plenissima 


Prop, by seed, division and cuttings. 










semperflorens 


Any soil. Hort. 







122 




I2 3 





124 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rosy 


GERMAN 


*Lchnis 


Tufted plant with a profusion of 


6-20 in. 


Mid. 


red" 31 


CATCHFLY 


Viscaria 


showy flowers in panicles. Grass-like 


Sun 


May 








leaves. Much used in old-fashioned 




to late 








gardens and borders. Prop, by seed, 




June 








division or cuttings. Any soil. Eu- 












rope; Siberia. 












Var. elegans; scarlet with stripes of 












white. Var. flore-pleno; (color no. 












31), double, a good variety. 






"Rose" 


LARGE 


*Pae6nia 


Beautiful shrub with large double 


3-6 ft. 


Mid. 


29 


ROSY TREE 


Moutn var. 


flowers. Harder to grow than her- 


Sun or 


May to 




PEONY 


rosea supe*rba 
P. M. "Reine 


baceous Peony, % needing protected 
spot and winter 'covering. Effective 


half 
shade 


mid. 
June 






Elizabeth," 


in isolated clumps, in the border or on 










" Triomphe de 
Grand" 


edge of shrubbery. Prop, by grafting 
on roots of herbaceous species. It does 












not flower until the third year. Being 












a gross feeder, it likes a rich moist 












loam enriched with cow manure. Hort. 






"Delicate 


DOUBLE 


Pae&nia 


Flowers somewhat double. See P. 


3-6 ft. 


M 


rose" 


RED TREE 


Moutan 


Moutan var. rosea superba. Hort. 


Sun or 




bet. 


PEONY 


var. rubra- 




half 




26&27 




plena 




shade 




"Deep 


THREE- 


*Pae6nia 


Handsome herbaceous species with 


I$-2ft. 


May 


pink" 


PART 


triternata 


brilliant flowers and leaves of very 


Sun or 






LEAVED 


P. daurica 


regular shape. Effective in clumps on 


half 






PEONY 




lawns and planted in masses in the 


shade 










garden. Usually prop, by autumn 












root-division. Deep moist loam, en- 












riched with cow-manure. Siberia. 






"Purple 


CRAWLING 


*Phl6x 


A creeping plant with many flower- 


4-8 in. 


May, 


rose" 27 


PHLOX 


re*ptans 


bearing stems, forming pretty tufts in 


Sun 


[une 


lighter & 




P. stolonifera 


rock-garden or border. Prop, by seed, 






redder 






division or cuttings. Light rich soil. 












S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Magen- 


DARK 


*Phl6x 


See page 40. 




Late 


ta" bet. 


PURPLE 


ubulata var. 






Apr., 


44 & 38 


MOSS 


atropurpurea 






May 


dull 


PINK 










"Rose" 


LEAFY 


*Phl6x 


See page 40. 









MOSS 


ubulata 










PINK 


var. fronddsa 








"Pur- 
plish 


FLOWERING 
WINTER- 


Polfgala 
paucifdlia 


Dainty trailing plant with fringed 
flowers, varying to white, on erect 


3-6 in. 
Half 


flay, 
une 


rose" 40 


SREEN, 




stems. Leaves purple-tinged. Wild 


shade 




duller 


GAY WINGS, 




garden. Prop, by seed and division. 








FRINGED 




Moist peaty soil with sphagnum. N. 








MILKWORT 




Amer. 








OR 












POLYGALA 










"Deep 


NEPAL 


*Potentilla 


Good species. Somewhat furry cup- 


I*-2ft. 


it 


rose" 26 


CINQUE- 
FOIL 


Nepale"nsis 
. formosa, 


shaped flowers. Foliage compound. 
Border. Prop, by seed or division. 


Sun 








P. coccinea 


Light rich soil. Himalayas. 







125 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rose" 


CORTUSA- 


*Primula 


Many flowers nearly i in. across in 


6-10 in. 


May to 


26 


LEAVED 


cortusofdes 


loose clusters terminate leafless stalks. 


Half 


early 




PRIMROSE 




Broad soft foliage in a rosette close to 


shade 


June 








the ground. Charming in sheltered 












and slightly elevated position in rock- 












garden or border. Prop, by fresh seed, 












division or cuttings. Light rich soil. 












Siberia. 






"Flesh 
color" 


MISTASSINI 
OR DWARF 


*Prfmula 

Mistassinica 


Beautiful little plant bearing few 
flowers and small leaves. Moist posi- 


3-6 in. 
Half 


May, 
June 


22 


CANADIAN 


P. farinbsa 


tion in the rock-garden. N. Amer. 


shade 






PRIMROSE 


var. Mistas- 












sinica, P. 












pusilla 








"Car- 


ROSY 


*Prfcnula 


Among the prettiest and best of 


4-8 in. 


May 


mine 


HIMA- 


rdsea 


alpine Primroses. Flowers with yel- 


Shade 




pink" 
30 bluer 


LAYAN 
PRIMROSE 




low eye, nearly i in. across, in droop- 
ing clusters. Smooth pale green 












leaves in tufts. Protect in winter. 












Rock-garden or border. Moist rich 












loam of good depth. Kashmir. 






"Pink" 
38 paler 


ROCK 
SOAPWORT 


*Saponaria 

ocymoides 


Trailing plant covered with flowers. 
Attractive in dry parts of rock-garden 


6-9 in. 
Sun 


Late 
May to 


& more 






where it droops prettily over the rocks. 




Aug. 


violet 






Also used in the border. Prop, by 












seed or division. Any good soil. Cen- 












tral and S. Europe. 






"Pink" 


THICK- 


*Saxifraga 


See page 40. 




Late 


bet. 


LEAVED 


crassifdlia 






Apr. 


2Q&32 


SAXIFRAGE 








to late 












May 


"Pur- 
plish 


NODDING 
WOOD 


*Scffla 
f estalis var. 


Fragrant nodding bell-shaped pink- 
ish or bluish flowers in panicles on 


8-12 in. 
Half 


May, 
early 


pink" 


HYACINTH 


ce*rnua 


leafless stalks. Grass-like foliage in 


shade 


June 


often 46 




S. nutans var. 


clumps. Pretty in rock-garden, bor- 










cernua 


der and edge of shrubbery, or natural- 












ized in woods. Bulbous. Soil en- 












riched with manure. Portugal. 






"Pink" 


PINK WOOD 


Scffla 


Differing from S. festalis var. cer- 


8-12 in. 


May to 


36 


HYACINTH 


festklis var. 


nua in its more rose-colored flowers. 


Half 


early 






r&sea 


W. Europe. 


shade 


June 






S. nutans var. 












rdsea 








"Flesh 


FLESH- 


**Scflla 


See S. Hispanica var. rosea. Spain; 




Late 


color" 


COLORED 


Hispanica 


Portugal. 




May, 


22 dull 


SPANISH 


var. carnea 






June 




SQUILL 


S. campanu- 












lata var. car- 












nea, S. pdtula 












var. carnea 








"Rose" 


ROSE- 


**Scilla 


Most robust of the Scilla family. 


i-l*ft. 


(i 


36 


COLORED 
SPANISH 


Hispanica 
var. rdsea 


Strong pyramidal spikes of pendent 
bell-shaped flowers. Leaves narrow. 


Sun or 

shade 






SQUILL 


S. campa- 


Desirable in wild garden, rock-garden 










nulata, 
S. pdtula 


or edge of shrubbery. Bulbous. En- 
rich occasionally with top-dressing of 












manure. Spain; Portugal. See Plate, 












page 124. 







126 



PINK, PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Bright 


WILD PINK 


*Silene Penn- 


See page 40. 




Late 


pink" 29 




sylvdnica 






Apr., 
May 


"Pale 


TINY 


Trillium 


See page 40. 




Late 


flesh 


TRILLIUM 


pusillum 






Apr. 


color" 










to late 


white 










May 


turns 36 












"Pink" 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips, see 




M 








page 64. 






"Pink" 


TULIP 


**Tulipavars. 


Double Early Bedding Tulips, see 













page 64. 






"Rosy" 


DOUBLE 


Vinca minor 


See page 43. 




Late 


bet. 


PINK PERI- 


var. r6sea 






Apr. to 


36 & 37 


WINKLE 


plena 






June 




OR MYRTLE 










"Lilac" 
26 
purpler 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 
LEBANON 


*^Ethionema 
grandifldrum 


Beautiful shrubby alpine plant of 
spreading habit, covered with rosy 
and lilac racemes of flowers. Good 


lift. 
Sun 


May to 
Aug. 




CANDYTUFT 




for cutting. Foliage light dull green. 












Well adapted for the rock-garden. 












Prop, by seed and cuttings. A light 












dry soil is necessary. Persia. 






"Purple" 


BROAD- 


Allium 


Flowers in umbels. Flourishes in 


3-6 in. 


May, 


47 


STEMMED 
ONIONWORT 


platycaule 

A. dnceps 


sunny position in rock-garden. Bul- 
bous. Prop, by offsets and seed. 
Light rich soil. Cal. 


Sun 


June 


"Pale 


CAROLINA 


Anem&ne 


See page 43- 




Apr., 


purple" 


WIND- 


Caroliniana 






May 


white to 


FLOWER 


A. decapetala 








44 bluer 












"Lilac" 


AMERICAN 


*Anem6ne 


See page 43. 







50 


PASQUE 


patens var. 










FLOWER, 


Nuttalliana 










WILD 


Pulsatilla 










PATENS 


hirsutissima 












(Brit.) 








"Purple" 


PASQUE 


*Anem6ne 


See page 43. 




Early 


44 or 37 


FLOWER 


Pulsatilla 






Apr. 






A. acutipeiala 






to late 






Pulsatilla 






May 






vulgar is 








"Purple" 
56 or 49 


SHARP- 
SEPALED 


*Aquilegia 

oxys^pala 


Large showy flowers tinged with 
yellow and white. One of the earliest 


ajft. 

Sun 


May, 
June 




COLUMBINE 




Aquilegias to bloom. Prop, by seed. 












Loose well-drained soil, moist and 












sandy. N. Asia. 






"Purple" 
56 or 49 


EUROPEAN 
COLUMBINE 


*Aquilegia 
vulgaris 


Stems many-flowered. Petals f in. 
long, spur stout and much incurved. 


I*-2ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 
May to 






A. stellata, 


Useful for wild garden or border. 




July 






A. atrata 


Prop, by seed. Light sandy soil, moist 












but well-drained. Numerous double 












and single vars. in odd colors not all 












of which are pleasing. Europe; N. 












Asia. 












Var. yervceneana (var. foliis-aureis, 







127 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








var. atroviolacea), foliage marked with 












yellow. Hort. Var. Olympica (A. 












Witimaniana), has large short-spurred 
flowers, pale lilac, or mauve and white. 












Mt. Olympus. 






"Pinkish 


ALPINE 


*Armeria 


See page 43. 




Late 


laven- 


THRIFT 


alpina 






Apr. to 


der" 37 










mid. 












June 


"Laven- 


PLANTAIN- 


*Armeria 


Flowers in round compact heads 


10-12 in. 


Mid. 


der" 
near 37 


LIKE 
THRIFT 


plantaginea 


spring from cushions of evergreen fo- 
liage. Free-growing and excellent for 


Sun 


May to 

late 








rock-garden and edging. Prop, by seed 
and division. Central and S. Europe. 




June 


"Green- 


ASARA- 


Asarum 


Hairy dwarf plant. Flowers lie on 


6-9 in. 


May, 


ish 
purple" 


BACCA, 
HAZEL- 
WORT 


Europseum 


the ground under dark evergreen 
leaves resembling those of a Cyclamen. 
Useful for covering ground in shady 


Shade 


June 








places. A moist rich soil is necessary. 












Europe. 






"Violet" 
46 


BLUE 
ALPINE 
ASTER 


**Aster 

alpinus 


r 

Large solitary single flowers with 
yellow centres, varying to pink and 
white. Leaves in clusters on the 


3-10 in. 

Sun or 
half 


Late 

May 
to late 








ground. Delightful for rock-garden 


shade 


June 








and margin of border. Prop, by seed 












though generally by division. Easily 












cultivated in ordinary soil. Europe. 












See Plate, page 129. 












Var. superbus, a showy free-flower- 












ing form with large flowers. Hort. 






"Dark 


PURPLE 


**Aubrietia 


See page 43. 




Early 


violet" 


ROCK 


deltoidea 






Apr. 


48 or 47 


CRESS 








to late 












May 


"Dark 


EYRE'S 


Aubrietia 


See page 43- 




Late 


violet" 


PURPLE 


deltoidea 






Apr., 


48 lighter 


ROCK 


var. Eyrei 






May 




CRESS 










"Dark 


GRECIAN 


*Aubrietia 


See page 43. 




Mid. 


violet" 


PURPLE 


deltoidea 






Apr. 


46 & 


ROCK 


var. Grseca 






to late 


white 


CRESS 








May 


"Dark 


OLYMPIC 


*Aubrietia 


See page 44. 







violet" 


PURPLE 


deltoidea 








56 


ROCK 


var. 










CRESS 


Ol^mpica 








"Purple" 


DEEP 


*Aubrietia 


See page 44. 




Mid. 


47 light 


PURPLE 


deltoidea 






Apr. 




ROCK 


var. 






to late 




CRESS 


purpurea 






May 


"Pale 
blue 


GARGANO 
HAIRBELL 


*Campanula 
Garg&nica 


Trailing tufted plant. Numerous 
flowers shading to white in the centre, 


3-6 in. 
Sun 


May 
to 


violet" 






in loose racemes on pendent stems. 




Sept. 


44 deep 






Pretty when hanging over rocky 












ledges. Prop, by cuttings in spring or 












by division. Rich well-drained loam. 












Italy. 







128 




BLUE ALPINE ASTER. Aster alpinus. 



129 





130 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple" 
48 


WALL 
HAIRBELL 


Campanula 
Porten- 


Plant generally erect. Bell-shaped 
flowers. Suitable for rock-garden. 


6-8 in. 
Sun 


May, 
June 






schlagiana 
C. muralis 


Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 
Rich well-drained loam. Dalmatia. 






"Rosy 


BEAR'S EAR 


Cortusa 


See page 44. 




Apr., 


purple" 


SANICLE 


Matthioli 






May 


39 












"Pur- 


RAM'S HEAD 


*Cypripedium 


Solitary white flowers, veined with 


8-12 in. 


Late 


plish" 


LADY'S 


arietinum 


purple, on leafy stems. Winter pro- 


Shade 


May to 


effect 43 


SLIPPER 




tection necessary. Rock or wild gar- 




Aug. 








den plant. Prop, by division. Porous 












moist peaty soil. Northern N. Amer. 






"Rosy 
purple" 


COMMON 
OR 


*Dodecatheon 
Meadia 


Umbels of drooping flowers of vary- 
ing colors, with recurved petals and 


9-24 in. 
Half 


May, 
June 


39 


EASTERN 




protruding stamens. Flower-stems 


shade 






SHOOTING 




naked. Leaves in an erect tuft. Plant 


or shade 






STAR, 
AMERICAN 




in clumps in the rock-garden. Prop, 
by seed just gathered, or preferably 








COWSLIP 




by division. Rich well-drained moist 












loam. Southern U. S. A. See Plate, 












page 130. 






"Pur- 


BLACK- 


Empetrum 


Low heath-like bush. Insignificant 


9- 1 2 in. 


May 


plish" 27 


BERRIED 


nigrum 


flowers succeeded by black edible ber- 


Sun 




purpler 


HEATH, 
OR CROW- 




ries. Evergreen foliage. Associate 
with Heaths, etc., in rock-garden. 








BERRY 




Prop, by cuttings. Preferably moist 












soil of sand or peat. Northern Hem- 












isphere. 






"Pur- 


BLUE OR 


Erigeron 


Aster-like flowers in clusters sur- 


i-i^ft. 


Mid. 


plish" 50 


BITTER 


cris 


mount branching stalks. Foliage 


Sun 


May to 




FLEABANE 




rough. Mass in wild spots. Prop, by 




early 








seed and division. Any ordinary soil. 




June 








Europe; N. Asia; Western N. Amer. 






"Purple" 
43 


THRIFT- 
LEAVED 


*Erigeron 
armeriae- 


Tufted plant. Large yellow-centred 
aster-like flowers borne in racemes. 


i-iift. 
Half 


Late 
May, 




FLEABANE 


fblius 


Mass in wild garden or margin of 


shade 


[une 








border. Prop, by seed or division. 












Any ordinary soil. N. Asia; Western 












U. S. A. 






"Bluish 


ROBIN'S 


Erigeron 


Downy tufted plant. Aster-like 


i ft. 


Mid. 


purple" 


PLANTAIN, 


bellidifblius 


yellow-centred flowers. Clump in 


Half 


May to 


43 deep 


ROSE 


E. pulchellus 


wild garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 


shade 


fuly 


& bluer 


PETTY 




sion. Eastern N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 133. 






"Pur- 


ROUGH 


*Erigeron 


Aster-like flowers. Color varies to 


6-15 in. 


-ate 


plish" 32 


ERIGERON 


glabe-llus 


white. Plant in clumps in wild garden 
or border. Prop, by seed and division. 
Ordinary garden soil. Minn.; West. 


Half 
shade 


VI ay, 
[une 


"Violet" 


BEACH 


*Erigeron 


Flowers resemble small single China 


i ft. 


(i 


50 dull 


ASTER 


glaucus 


Asters. Pale foliage in a tuft. A 


Half 










pretty plant for the border. Prop, by 


shade 










seed and division. Easily cultivated 












in any garden soil. Pacific Coast. 







131 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Violet 
purple" 


WALL 
ERINUS 


*Erinus 

alp in us 


Pretty alpine plant, with racemes of 
numerous flowers. Downy foliage. 


3-4 in. 

Sun or 


May, 
June 


39 more 
violet 






Plant on ledges of rock-garden. Prop, 
by seed and division. Thoroughly 


half 
shade 










well-drained soil. Mts., W. Europe. 












There is a white var. 






"Lilac" 


COMMON 


**Erythr6ni- 


See page 44. 




Late 


often bet. 


DOGTOOTH 


urn 






Apr., 


43& 45 


VIOLET 


Dens-Canis 






May 




of Europe 










"Deep 


PURPLE 


*Fritillaria 


See page 44. 


' 


Mid. 


purple" 


FRITILLARY 


atropurpurea 






Apr. to 


42 lighter 










June 


"Purple 


TWO- 


*Fritillaria 


See page 44. 




ii 


black" 


FLOWERED 


biflbra 








56 


FRITILLARY 










"Deep 


BLACK 


*Fritillaria 


See page 44. 




H 


purple" 


LILY 


Camtschat- 








21 




ce"nsis 








purpler 




Lilium C. 








"Livid 


RUSSIAN 


*Fritillaria 


See page 47. 




Mid. 


purple" 


FRITILLARY 


Ruthe'nica 






Apr. to 


33 










mid. 












May 


"Laven- 


WILD 


Geranium 


Common wild species. Graceful 


i-i*ft. 


Early 


der" 39 


GERANIUM, 
WILD OR 


maculatum 


plant with large flowers and pretty 
foliage. Wild garden. Prop, by seed 


Half 
shade 


May to 
July 




SPOTTED 




and division. Any rather moist soil. 








CRANES- 




See Plate, page 133. 








BILL 




Var. plenum, double flowers of 












darker shade. N. Amer. 






"Pur- 


SWAMP OR 


Hel5nias 


See page 47- 




Apr., 


plish" 44 


STUD PINK 


bullata 






May 


deeper 












"Pur- 


DOWNY 


Heuchera 


Flowers, variegated with yellow, in 


i -3 ft. 


Late 


plish" 30 
deeper to 


HEUCHERA 


publscens 
H. rubifolia, 


panicles. Evergreen bronze-red foli- 
age, covered with powdery down. Bor- 


Sun or 
half 


May, 
June 


white 




H. pulver- 


der or rock-garden. Prop, by seed 


shade 








ulenta 


and division. Ordinary soil. Mts. 






- 






S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Palest 


LARGE 


Houstonia 


Tufted plant with small flowers, 


4-12 in. 


May, 


purple" 


HOUSTONIA 


purpurea 


sometimes varying to white, on slen- 


Sun or 


early 


37 pale 






der stems which rise from a clump of 


half 


June 








tiny leaves. Rock or wild garden. 


shade 










Prop, by spring division. Dry soil. 












Eastern N. Amer 






"Purple 


DUTCH 


**Hyacfnthus 


See page 59. 




Late 


& lilac" 


HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 







May 


"Purple" 
often 50 


APPEN- 
DAGED 


Hydro- 
ph^llum 


Biennial plant. Erect bell-shaped 
flowers in loose clusters. Much di- 


12-15 in. 
Shade 


Mid. 
May to 




WATER- 


appendicu- 


vided leaves. Border. Prop, by seed 




early 




LEAF 


latum 


and division. Fairly moist soil. N. 




June 








Amer. 







132 




133 





134 




LARGER BLUE FLAG. Iris versicoloi 




DWARF FLAG. Iris pumila. 






PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Delicate 


GIBRALTAR 


*Iberis 


More showy and with larger flowers 


12-15 in. 


May, 


lilac" 


CANDYTUFT 


Gibralt&rica 


than other species of Iberis, but rather 


Sun 


June 


43 or 36 






delicate, needing protection in winter. 












Prop, by seed and cuttings. Plant in 
rock-garden and do not disturb. Light 












soil. Gibraltar. 






"Pale 


CRESTED 


**Iris 


Tiny species. Delicate richly mark- 


4-9 in. 


Late 


lilac" 


DWARF 


cristata 


ed flowers borne close to the ground. 


Sun 


May to 


44 


IRIS 




Outer petals crested. Spreads rapidly. 
Plant in rock-garden or edge of bor- 




July 








der. Prop, by division. Light well- 












drained soil. Alleghany Mts. 






"Purple 


GERMAN 


**Iris 


Large shapely fragrant flowers borne 


1 4-3 ft. 


<c 


& laven- 


IRIS, 


Gennanica 


on stout stalks high above the broad 


Sun 




der" 


FLEUR- 


vars. 


sword-shaped leaves. Effective in iso- 








DE-LIS 




lated clumps, in masses, and along the 












edge of shrubbery. Prop, by division 
of rhizomes. To prevent crowding 












divide frequently. Any well-drained 












garden soil. * Albert Victor; (color 












no. 46), standards soft blue, falls deli- 












cate lilac. *Darius; (color no. 48 & 












2), height 17 in., lilac flowers edged 












with white, beard rich orange. ** Pur- 












ple King; (color no. 55 warmer), pur- 












ple. Hort. vars. 






"Violet" 


GREAT 


**Iris 


Flower-stems, much higher than fo- 


2-4 ft. 





44 deep 


PURPLE 


pallida 


liage, bear 8-12 large fragrant flowers, 


Sun or 






FLAG, 
TURKEY 


r . Junonia, 
r . Asidtica, 


rarely white. Beautiful species in 
border or in large groups. Prop, by 


half 
shade 






FLAG 


I. slcula 


division. Grows luxuriantly in any 












garden soil, though a gross feeder. S. 












Europe. 






"Lilac" 


PLAITED 


**Iris 


In habit resembles I. pallida. 


2-4 ft. 


ic 


50 


FLAG 


plicata 


Flowers white veined and tinted with 


Sun or 








/. aphflla var. 


lilac at the edge of the petals. Inner 


half 








plicata 


petals much folded. Good border 


shade 










plant in masses or groups. Prop, by 












division. Origin unknown. 






"Blue 


SLENDER 


*Iris 


Tall slender habit. Stems bear i or 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


violet" 


BLUE FLAG 


prisma'tica 


2 flowers, yellow near the centre and 


Sun 


Mavto 


49 




'. Virginica, 
I. grdcilis 


veined with purple. Inner petals 
erect. Narrow leaves, shorter than 




July 








flower-stem. Prop, by division. 












Rather moist soil advisable. New 












Brunswick to N. C. 






"Deep 


DWARF 


*Iris pumila 


One of the best of dwarf Irises. 


4-8 in. 


May 


violet" 


FLAG 


. grdcilis 


Short-lived flowers over-large and 


Sun or 




49 






close to the ground. Leaves sword- 


half 










shaped. Spreads rapidly. Good for 


shade 










rock-garden or border. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Any garden soil. Europe. 












Var. atroviolacea; (color no. 48 












deep), velvety purple flowers. There 












are other vars. in different colors. See 












Plate, page 134. 







135 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


SIBERIAN 


**Iris 


Attractive species distinguished by 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


violet" 


FLAG 


Sibirica 


its tall slender stalks. Many flower- 


Sun 


May to 


49 




/. a c iit a 


stems bear clusters of small but showy 




mid. 








flowers, veined with white and bright 




June 






* 


violet, which rise above the dense tuft 












of grass-like foliage. There are vars. 












in other colors. Border. Prop, by 












division. Rich soil. Europe; E. 












Siberia. 






"Blue 


SLENDER 


*Iris ve*rna 


See page 47- 




Late 


violet" 


DWARF 








Apr., 


55 


IRIS 








May 


"Bright 


LARGER 


*Iris 


Native Iris. Flowers marked with 


1-3 ft. 


Late 


purple" 
56 lighter 


BLUE FLAG 


versfcolor 


white, yellow and purple. Leaves 
slightly grayish. Good for margin of 


Sun or 
half 


May, 
June 








ponds and also for dry positions. 


shade 










Prop, by division. Canada; Northern 










U. S. A. See Plates, page 134. 






"Pur- 


VARIE- 


Lamium 


Straggling plant. Flowers in whorls 


6-8 in. 


Mid. 


plish" 


GATED 


maculatum 


on leafy stalks. Heart-shaped foliage 


Sun 


May 


45 


NETTLE 


L. purpu- 


blotched with white. Common in old 




to late 






reum (Hort.) 


gardens. Useful for covering barren 




July 








places. Prop, by division. Preferably 












sandy open soil. Europe; Asia; N. 












Africa. 






"Bluish 


SPRING 


**Lthyrus 


See page 47. 




Mid. 


violet" 


BITTER 


ve*rnus 






Apr. 


39 


VETCH 


Orobus vernus 






to late 












May 


"Lilac 


SLENDER 


*Pentstemon 


Pretty species of slender growth. 


8- i 2 in. 


Late 


purple" 


BEARD- 


gricilis 


Tubular flowers sometimes whitish. 


Sun 


May to 


45 


TONGUE 




Leaves springing from the root grow 




early 








in pairs on the flower stalks. Prop. 




July 








by seed and division. Good garden 












soil. Col. and North. 






"Rosy 


OVAL- 


Pentstemon 


Vigorous plant of fine form. Small 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


purple" 


LEAVED 


ovatus 


tubular flowers borne in great profu- 


Sun 


May 


47 


PENTSTE- 


P. Glaucus 


sion above the bright foliage. Winter 




to late 




MON 




protection of leaves. Prop, by seed 




June 








and division. Any good soil. Oregon; 












Western N. Amer. 






"Pale 


DOWNY 


*Pentstemon 


Not a showy species. Tubular flow- 


2ft. 


Late 


violet" 


PENTSTE- 


pube*scens 


ers, sometimes flesh color, droop in 


Sun 


May to 


47, edge 


MON 




long loose clusters. Mass in rock- 




mid. 


white 






garden. Border. Prop, by seed and 




July 








division. Good rich soil. N. Amer. 






"Bluish 


WILD 


**Phl6x 


Fragrant flowers in loose clusters 


10-18 in. 


May 


lilac" 


SWEET 


divaricata 


which form a mass of color. Foliage 


Sun 




44 or 50 


WILLIAM 


P. C ana- 


good. Lovely plant for border or rock- 










den sis 


garden. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Rich moist soil. N. Amer. 






"Pinkish 


TRAILING 


*Phl6x 


See page 47 and Plate, page 137. 




Late 


purple" 
27 lighter 


PHLOX 


procumbens 






Apr. 
to late 


& purpler 










May 



,36 





1 INIIlfir r-it c-r... 




138 



AMERICAN JACOB'S LADDER. Polemonium caruleum. 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pale 


LILAC MOSS 


*Phl6x 


See page 47. 




Late 


lilac" 50 


PINK 


subulata 






Apr., 






var. lilacina 






May 


"Bluish 


AMERICAN 


**Polem6- 


Bushy bell-shaped flowers nearly i 


1-3 ft 


Mid. 


purple" 


JACOB'S 


nium 


in. across, in compact terminal pani- 


Half 


May to 


bet. 
44&50 


LADDER, 
CHARITY 


caeruleum 


cles. Profusion of compound leaves. 
Splendid border plant. Prop, by seed 


shade 


July 








and division. Rich well-drained loamy 












soil is best. Vars. with white flowers 












and variegated foliage. N. Amer. 












See Plate, page 138. 






"Pur- 


EAR- 


*Pnmula 


Round head of flowers, each with a 


4-6 in. 


May, 


plish" 


LEAVED 


auriculata 


white eye. Pale green leaves in a 


Half 


June 


43 light 


PRIMROSE 


P. longifdlia 


rosette. Protect in winter. Sheltered 


shade 










position in rock-garden or border. 












Prop, generally by seed just gathered. 
Rich light soil. S. E. Europe. 






"Deep 
blue- 


ROUND- 
HEADED 


*Primula 
capitata 


Among the prettiest of Primroses 
resembling P. denticulata. Flowers in 


6-9 in. 
Half 


May, 
early 


purple" 
46 deeper 


HIMA- 
LAYAN 




dense round heads. Pale green leaves 
in a tuft. Plant in slightly elevated 


shade 


June 




PRIMROSE 




position in rock-garden or margin of 












border. Light rich soil. Himalayas. 






"Pale 


TOOTH- 


*Prfmula 


Flowers in dense clusters on stout 


6-12 in. 


i 


purple" 


LEAVED 


denticulata 


erect stalks which rise high above the 


Half 




43 to 


PRIMROSE 




large rosettes of broad foliage. Pretty 


shade 




white 






in rock-garden or border. Prop, by 


or shade 










seed. A light rich loam is best. Him- 












alayas. 












Var. purpureum, dark purple flow- 












ers. 






"Dark 


KASHMIR 


*Primula 


Flowers with yellow centres in 


8-12 in. 


it 


purple" 


TOOTH- 


denticulata 


globe-shaped clusters. Foliage beau- 


Half 




44 deeper 


LEAVED 
PRIMROSE 


var. 
Cachemi- 


tiful; pale green thickly dusted with 
mealy powder. Pretty in rock-garden 


shade 
or shade 








riana 


or border. Prop, by seed. A moist 










P. Cachme- 


loam is best. Western Himalayan 










riana 


Region. 






"Lilac 


BIRD'S EYE 


*Primula 


Flowers with yellow eye, in dense 


3-9 in. 


M 


purple" 


PRIMROSE 


farinosa 


umbels, on stems that rise from tufts 


Half 




43 paler 






of silvery leaves. Somewhat elevated 


shade 










situation in rock-garden or border. 












Prop, generally by seed. Moist fibrous 












soil is best. Central and N. Europe. 






"Purple" 


JAPANESE 


**Prfmula 


Fine and vigorous plant. Flowers 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


near 30 


PRIMROSE 


Jap6nica 


i in. wide in whorls of twelve or more. 


Half 


May to 


deeper to 






Leaves oval, at base of plant. Excel- 


shade 


Aug. 


white 






lent for border, rock-garden or wild 












garden. Prop, by seed. Soil moist 












and deep. Japan. 






"Violet 


ROSETTE 


*Ram6nda 


Popular alpine plant. Flowers i 


2-6 in. 


Mid. 


purple" 


MULLEIN 


Pyrenaica 


in. across, with orange centres. Leaves 


Half 


May to 


52 duller 




Ramdndia 


in rosettes on the ground. Protect in 


shade 


July 


& more 




Pyrenaica 


winter. Plant in chinks in the rock- 






violet 






garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Deep peaty soil, well-drained. Pyre- 












nees. 







139 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Bluish 


TWO- 


Salvia 


Hardy biennial. Large hooded flow- 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


violet" 
44 


COLORED 
SAGE 


bicolor 


ers; upper lip blue, lower white, some- 
times fading reddish brown. Prop, by 


Sun 


May, 
June 








seed. Mediterranean Region. 






"Lilac" 


HEART- 


*Saxifraga 


See page 47- 




Late 


39 


LEAVED 


cordifdlia 






Apr. 




SAXIFRAGE 








to late 












May 


"Purple" 


PURPLE OR 


Saxifraga 


See page 48. 




Late 


53 


MOUNTAIN 


oppositifolia 






Apr., 


brighter 


SAXIFRAGE 








May 


"Lilac" 
43 


LILAC 
WOOD 


*Scflla 

festalis var. 


Fragrant drooping bell-shaped flow- 
ers in panicles on leafless stalks. Grass- 


8-12 in. 
Half 


May, 
early 




HYACINTH 


lilacina 


like foliage in clumps. Rock-garden, 


shade 


June 








border and shrubbery. Pretty nat- 












uralized in woods. Bulbous. Soil en- 












riched with manure. W. Europe. 






"Rich 


LARGE- 


Sisyrmchium 


Pretty flowers drooping and bell- 


i ft. 


May, 


purple" 


FLOWERED 


grandifldrum 


shaped. Foliage grass-like. Border, 


Sun 


June 




BLUE-EYED 


S. Douglasii 


rock or wild garden. Prop, by division. 









GRASS 




Any garden soil. Western U. S. A. 






"Violet" 


BLUE 


Soldane*lla 


Alpine plant. Flowers 2-4 on the 


2-3 in. 


May 


50 deep 


MOONWORT 


alpina 


stem, nodding, fringed, pale blue or 


Half 










violet. Leaves heart-shaped. Suit- 


shade 










able for rock-garden. Prop, by seed 


or shade 










and division. Alps, Europe. 






"Pur- 
plish" 44, 


COMMON 
SPIDER- 


*Trades- 
cdntia 


Erect bushy plant of free and vig- 
orous habit. Umbels of showy flow- 


,-3 ft. 
Sun or 


Late 
May 


48 or 49 


WORT 


Virginiana 


ers in different shades of blue violet. 


half 


to late 






T. Virglnica 


Leaves grass-like. Useful for border 


shade 


Aug. 








or rock-garden. Prop, by division in 












spring. Ordinary garden soil. East- 












ern U. S. A. See Plate, page 84. 












Var. ccerulea; (between Color nos. 












50 & 57), brighter blue flowers than 












the type. 






"Purple" 
46 


LONG- 
LEAF- 


Trfllium 

petiolatum 


Large flowers borne close to the 
ground. Pretty for the border or for 


6-8 in. 
Half 


May to 
early 




STALKED 
TRILLIUM 




naturalizing in moist soil. Prop, by 
seed. Moist rich soil. N. Western U. 


shade 


June 








S. A. 






"Pale 


SPRING 


Triteleia 


Hardy but not enduring. Solitary 


6-8 in. 


May 


violet" 


STAR- 


uniflbra 


starry flowers, almost white with pur- 


Sun 




white, 
markings 


FLOWER 


Milla 
unifldra, 


ple markings, on slender stems. Grass- 
like foliage. Protect in winter. As- 






53 




Brodicea 


sociate with Scilla, etc., in warm 










unifldra 


position in border or rock-garden. 












Bulbous. Prop, by seed or offsets. 












Rich soil, well-drained. Argentine 












Republic. 






"Violet" 


TULIP 


**TMipa vars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 








page 64. 




Apr. 
to late 












May 



140 



PURPLE TO LILAC, BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


HERBA- 


Vmca 


Trailing plant. Flowers more pur- 


Trailing 


Late 


plish" 


CEOUS 


herbacea 


ple than V. minor with narrower pet- 


Half 


May, 


46 


PERIWIN- 




als. Leaves glossy and narrow but 


shade 


June 




KLE OR 




not evergreen like V. minor. Excel- 


or shade 






MYRTLE 




lent for rockwork as it is not too bold. 












Prop, by division and cuttings. Moist 












loam is best. Eastern Europe. 






"Violet" 


COMMON 


*Vinca minor 


See page 48. 




Late 


49 


PERIWIN- 








Apr. to 




KLE, BLUE 
RUNNING 








June 




OR TRAIL- 












ING MYRTLE 










"Violet" 


HORNED 


**Viola 


See page 48. 




Late 


47 or 49 


VIOLET, 


cornuta 






Apr. 




BEDDING 








until 




PANSY 








frost 


"Violet" 


SWEET 


Viola odorata 


See page 48. 




Late 


48 or 47 


VIOLET 








Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Violet" 


EARLY 


Viola palmata 


See page 48. 




Late 


53 


BLUE 


V '. cucullata 






Apr., 




VIOLET 


var. palmata 






May 


"Violet" 


COMMON 


Viola palmata 


See page 48. 




Late 


46 


BLUE OR 


var. cucullata 






Apr. 




LARGE 








to late 




AMERICAN 








May 




VIOLET 










"Lilac" 


BIRD'S- 


*Viola pedata 


A charming Violet. Flowers vary 


3-6 in. 


May, 


usually 


FOOT 




from deep lilac to white; petals flat 


Sun 


June 


50 


VIOLET 




and pansy-like. Leaves finely divid- 












ed, resembling a bird's foot. Pretty 












for rock-garden, wild garden or natu- 












ralization. Prop, by seed and division. 












Dry sandy soil. U. S. A. 






"Blue" 


ERECT 


**Ajuga 


Erect stem bears numerous flowers 


6-8 in. 


May 


46 


BUGLE 


Genevinsis 


in whorls. Color varies. Forms a mat 


Sun or 








A. rugdsa, 


in border or edge of shrubbery. Prop. 


shade 








A. alplna 


by seed and division. Thrives in any 












common soil. Europe. 






"Ultra- 


CRISPED 


*Ajuga 


Shining flowers in twisted spikes. 


4-5 in. 


May, 


marine 
blue" 54 


METALLIC 
BUGLE 


metallica 
var. crispa 


Adapted for carpeting and beading. 
Prop, by seed and division. Germany. 


Sun 


June 


pale & 












dull 












"Blue" 
46 


BUGLE 


**Ajuga 
re*ptans 


Dense creeping plant; increases rap- 
idly. Flowers numerous in erect 


3-4 in. 
Sun or 


Early 
Vlay to 








spikes. Shiny leaves. Good for car- 


shade 


mid. 








peting shady places. Prop, by seed 




[une 








and division. Any common soil. 












Europe. 












Var. rubra; Red-leaved Bugle; (col- 












or no. 46), more often cultivated than 












the type. Height 3-6 in. Valued for 







141 



BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








its dark purple foliage, rather than for 












its flowers. Europe. 













Var. variegata, variegated foliage. 








' 




Hort. 






"Light 


NARROW- 


*Ams6nia 


Small and numerous flowers in pani- 


i -3 ft. 


May, 


blue" 58 
lighter 


LEAVED 
AMSONIA 


angustifdlia 
A. ciliata 


cles. Young leaves soft and downy. 
Valuable among shrubs and in the bor- 


Sun 


June 








der because of its peculiar shade of 












color. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 












tings in summer. Southern U. S. A. 






"Light 


AMSONIA 


**Ams6nia 


Small and numerous flowers in pan- 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


blue" 




Tabernae- 


icles succeeded by soft hairy pods. 


Sun 


May, 


58 pale 




montana 


Smooth foliage resembling that of the 




early 






A. lati folia, 


Olive. Shrubbery and border. Prop. 




June 







A. salicifdlia 


by seed, division and cuttings. N. C. 










Taberna- 


to Tex. See Plate, page 143. 










montana 












Amsbnia 








"Dark 


BARRE- 


*Anchusa 


Small flowers resembling Forget-me- 


2ft. 


May, 


blue" 


LIER'S 


Barrelieri 


nots in heliotrope-like clusters. Good 


Sun 


June 


62 


ALKANET 




for cutting. A valuable early bloomer 












for border or wild garden. Prop, gen- 












erally by seed. Europe; Asia Minor. 






"Blue" 


CAPE 


*Anchusa 


Attractive biennial plant. Flowers 


lift. 


Late 


54 


ALKANET 


Cape*nsis 


like Forget-me-nots with red and 


Sun 


May to 








white markings. Long narrow leaves 




mid. 








in clumps at base of plant. Often 




July 








winter-killed but self perpetuating. 












Border. Prop, by seed. Well-drained 












soil. Cape of Good Hope. 






"Blue" 
54, 
buds 41 


ITALIAN 
ALKANET 


*Anchusa 
Italica 


Best species. Attractive plant with 
trumpet-shaped flowers in panicles. 
Continuous in bloom if not allowed to 


3-4 ft- 
Sun 


ii 








seed. Large rough glossy foliage. 












Border. Prop, by seed. Any ordinary 












soil. S. Europe. 






"Sky- 


APENNINE 


*Anem6ne 


See page 48. 




Apr., 


blue" 


WIND- 


apennina 






May 


52 


FLOWER 










"Sky- 


BLUE 


*Anem6ne 


See page 51. 




ii 


blue" 52 


WINTER 


blanda 








intense 


WIND- 












FLOWER OR 












ANEMONE 










"Blue" 


ROBINSON'S 


*Anem6ne 


See page 5 1. 




Mid. 


44 tinged 


WOOD 


nemordsa var. 






Apr. to 


blue 


ANEMONE 


Robinsoniana 






[une 






A. n. var. 












ccerulea 








"Blue" 


ALPINE 


*Aquilegia 


Showy flowers of delicate color, 2-5 


i ft. or 


May, 


46 & 


COLUMBINE 


alpina 


on a stem. Fine foliage. Plant in a 


ess 


[une 


white 






sheltered position in rock-garden or 


Sun 










border. Prop, by seed started in 












earliest spring. A moist sandy loam 












is best. Switzerland. 












Var. supfrba; flowers with white 












centres. Siberia. 







142 







144 



BLUE FALSE INDIGO. Baptisia australis. 



BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


^ime of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


LONG- 


**Aquilegia 


A beautiful plant. Large flowers 


I-I^ft. 


Mid. 


near 47 


SPURRED 


aerulea 


varying to whitish, 2^-3 in. across 


Sun 


flay to 




COLUMBINE 


A. leptoceras, 
A. macrdntba 


with slender twisting green-tipped 
spurs. Leaves large and handsome. 




uly 








Best to treat as a biennial. Lovely in 












clumps or masses in rock-garden or 












border. Prop, by seed in spring. 












Light moist well-drained soil. Rocky 












Mts. 












Var. bybrida; sepals usually blue or 












pink and petals yellowish; good bor- 












der plant. Hort. 






"Deep 
blue" 63 


ALTAIAN 
COLUMBINE 


**Aquilegia 
glanduldsa 


Charming species. Large nodding 
flowers; petals tipped with cream; 


i-iift. 

Sun 


May, 
une 


& white 






short incurving spurs. Treat as a bi- 












ennial. Rock-garden or border. Prop. 












by seed in spring. Well-drained soil. 












Altai Mts. 






"Lilac 


STUART'S 


*Aquilegia 


A fine plant. Flowers large, erect 


lift. 


Mid. 


blue" 44 


COLUMBINE 


Stuarti 


and beautiful. Hybrid of A. glandu- 


Sun 


May to 


bluer & 






losa and A. Olympica. Resembles A. 




[uly 


white 






glandulosa in color. Good border 












plant. Prop, by seed. Hort. 






"Blue" 


BLUE WILD 


**Baptisia 


The best species of Baptisia for the 


4-4* ft. 


Late 


63 


OR FALSE 


australis 


garden. Bushy plant resembling the 


Sun 


May to 




INDIGO 


B. car idea, 


Lupine. Large flowers in spikes. Fo- 




mid. 






B. exaltata 


liage sea-green. Good border plant. 




June 








Prop, by seed and division. Any soil. 












Pa.; south to Ga. and N. C. See 












Plate, page 144. 






"Pale 


CUSICK'S 


*Camassia 


Good species. Closely allied to the 


2-3 ft. 


May 


blue" 44 


QUAMASH 


Cusickii 


Squill. 30-50 flowers on'a stalk. Good 
for cutting. Broad thick foliage i ft. 


Sun or 

balf 










long. Plant in early autumn and 


sbade 










leave undisturbed. Bulbous. Any 












good garden soil. Oregon. 






"Pur- 
plish 


CAMASS 


*Cam&ssia 
escule*nta 


Nearly allied to the Squill. Flowers 
varying to white in racemes borne 


I -2 ft. 

Sun or 


M 


blue" 54 






above the lance-shaped leaves. Plant 


balf 










in border or under trees. Bulbous. 


sbade 










Good loamy soil. Western N. Amer. 






"Light 


WILD 


*Camssia 


Smaller in every way than C. escu- 


i2-i8in 


M 


blue" 57 


HYACINTH 


Fraseri 


lenta. Flowers in dense racemes. 


Half 




deep 




2uamasia 


Plant in border or naturalize in shady 


sbade 








byacinthina, 


places. Bulbous. Good loamy soil. 










Scilla Frastr 


Eastern U. S. A. 






"Pale 


TUFTED 


*Campanula 


Vigorous tufted plant. Abundant 


4-6 in. 


May to 


blue" 62 


HAIRBELL 


caespitbsa 


light blue nodding bell-shaped flowers. 


Sun 


July 


lighter 






Useful for edging; grows well in crev- 












ices of the rock-garden. Prop, by 












division. Rich loam and leaf mold 












preferable. Alps. 






"Blue" 


ALLEN'S 


*Chionod6xa 


See page 4. 




Mid. 


52 


GLORY OF 


Alleni 






Mar. to 




THE SNOW 


Cbionoscilla 






early 






Alleni 






May 



145 



BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
.and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


GLORY OF 


**Chiond6xa 


See page 7. 




Mid. 


52 & 


THE SNOW 


Luciliae 






Mar. to 


white 










early 












May 


"Blue" 


GIANT 


**Chionod<5xa 


See page 7. 




M 


52 or 63 


GLORY OF 


Lucfliae 










THE SNOW 


var. gigantea 








"Blue" 


TMOLUS' 


*Chionod6xa 


See page 7. 




M 


52 


GLORY OF 


Lucfliae 










THE SNOW 


var. Tmolusi 












C. T. 








"Gentian 


SARDIAN 


*Chionod<5xa 


See page 7. 




(I 


blue" 52 


GLORY OF 


Sarde*nsis 








deeper 


THE SNOW 










"Blue" 
62 more 


NODDING 
DRAGON'S- 


*Dracoce*ph- 
alum nutans 


Drooping racemes of quickly pass- 
ing flowers which blossom well only in 


8-12 in. 
Half 


May, 
June 


violet 


HEAD 




damp seasons. Rock-garden or bor- 


shade 










der. Prop, by seed and division. 












Moist sandy loam. Russia; N. Asia. 












Var. alpina is less rare. 






"Dark 


TULIP- 


*Fritillaria 


Distinct and pretty species. Soli- 


2-8 in. 


Early 


blue" 63 


LEAVED 


tulipif61ia 


tary dark tulip-shaped flowers with 


Shade 


May 


lighter, 
markings 


FRITILLARY 




purple streaks, rusty purplish brown 
within. Bluish green foliage. Bul- 






19 darker 






bous. Prop, by offsets; division every 












3 or 4 years necessary. Deep sandy 
loam mixed with leaf mold. Caucasus. 






"Blue" 
62 


GENTIAN- 
ELLA, 


*Gentiana 
acaulis 


Handsome species. Very large bell- 
shaped flowers marked inside with 


2-4 in. 
Half 


May, 
June 




STEMLESS 




yellow, rise from rosettes of glossy 


shade 






GENTIAN 




leaves. Useful for the rock-garden or 












border. Leave undisturbed. Prop. 








' 




very slowly by freshly ripened seed 
and division. Good moist soil. Alps; 












Pyrenees. 






"Dark 


ALPINE 


Gentiana - 


A form of G. acaulis having small 


3-4 in. 


M 


blue" 60 


GENTIAN 


alpina 


broad leaves. See G. acaulis. Alps. 


Half 












shade 




"Light 


VERNAL 


*Gentiana 


See page 51. 




Apr. 


blue" 60 


GENTIAN 


ve*rna 






to 


deeper & 










early 


brilliant 










fune 


"Light 


HAIR- 


*Globularia ' 


Rather large pale flowers in round 


6 in. 


Late 


blue" 52 


FLOWERED 


trichosantha 


heads. Foliage becomes blackish in 


Half 


May to 


deep & 


GLOBE 




autumn. Attractive in the rock-gar- 


shade 


Aug. 


dull 


DAISY 




den or border. Prop, by seed and di- 












vision. Somewhat moist though well- 












drained soil. W. Asia. 






"Bluish" 


SHARP- 


*Hepatica ' - 


See page 5 1 . 




Apr., 


near 44 


LOBED OR 


acutiloba 






early 




HEART 


-I. triloba var. 






May 




LIVER 


acuta, Anem- 










LEAF 


one acutiloba 









,46 





147 




148 



PERENNIAL FLAX. Linum perenne. 



BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Bluish" 


FIVE- 


*Hepatica 


See page 51. 




Late 


53 lighter 


LOBED 


angu!6sa 






Apr., 




HEPATICA 


Anemone 






early 






angulosa 






May 


"Bluish" 


ROUND- 


*Hepatica 


See page 51. 




tt 


near 


LOBED OR 


triloba 








44 or 46 


KIDNEY 


H. Hepdtica, 










LIVER 


Anemone H. 










LEAF 


A. triloba 








"Pale 


BLUETS, 


*Houst6nia 


Dainty little native plant. Tufts of 


3-6 in. 


May, 


blue" 


INNOCENCE, 


cseriilea 


slender stems bear numerous star- 


Sun or 


early 


57 


QUAKER 




shaped flowers. Pretty in rock or 


half 


June 




LADY 




wild garden. Prop, by spring division. 
Moist soil preferable. N. Eastern 


sbade 










U. S. A. See Plate, page 147. 






"Light 
blue" 61 


AMETHYST 
HYACINTH 


*Hyacinthus 

amethystinus 


Delicate and graceful plant. Droop- 
ing bell-shaped flowers borne along 
the flower-stem. Leaves lance-shaped 


4ft. 

Sun 


tt 








springing from the root. Most effec- 












tive when planted in masses. Bul- 












bous. Prop, by offsets and seed. 












Any rich light soil. S. Europe. 






"Blue" 


DUTCH 


**Hyacinthus 


See page 59- . 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


"Pale 


WESTERN 


*Iris 


Free bloomer. Flowers yellow near 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


blue" 


BLUE FLAG 


Missourie'nsis 


the centre, grow high above the foli- 


Sun 


May, 


effect 44 




/. Tolmieana 


age. Prop, by division. Good border 




June 








plant in moist soil. Rocky Mts. 






"Blue" 


NEGLECTED 


**Iris 


Stems many flowered. Blossoms 


1 1-2 ft. 


Late 


bet. 


FLAG 


negle'cta 


2^ in. across; falls much reflexed, 


Sun 


May to 


54& 56 






deep blue veined with purplish red; 




early 








beard bright yellow: standards pale 




June 








blue; conspicuous yellow crest. Glau- 
cous leaves. Prop, by division. Known 












only in cultivation. 






"Azure 


AZURE 


*Iris pumila 


One of the best dwarf Irises. Flow- 


4-8 in. 


May 


blue" 51 


DWARF 


var. azurea 


ers close to the ground and short lived. 


Sun or 






FLAG 




Sword-shaped leaves. Spreads rap- 


half 










idly. Good for rock-garden or border. 


shade 










Prop, by division. Any garden soil. 












Europe. 






"Deep 


SPURIOUS 


Iris spuria 


Not an attractive species. Stems 


15-20 in. 


Late 


blue" 


IRIS 




rise above the glaucous grass-like 


Sun 


May 


bet. 






leaves bearing several flower heads. 




to late 


54&S6 






Var. notba is a sturdier plant; flower 




June 








stems 2-3 ft. Kashmir. Prop, by di- 












vision. Europe. 






"Blue" 


PERENNIAL 


**Linum 


Light and feathery in effect. A 


i-iH.t. 


Mid. 


54 lighter 


FLAX 


per^nne 


free and continuous bloomer. Flowers 


Sun or 


May to 








on slender leafy stems.- Foliage deli- 


half 


Aug. 








cate. Very attractive in rock-garden 


sbade 










or border. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Rich light soil. Europe; West- 












ern U. S. A. See Plate, page 148. 







149 




BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


rime of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


GENTIAN- 


Lithospe"r- 


A dwarf evergreen shrub of trailing 


4 in. 


Way, 


62 


BLUE 


mum 


habit. Low leafy clusters of gentian- 


Sun or 


une 




CROMWELL 


prostratum 


blue flowers. Protection needed. 


half 










Pretty rock or border plant. Prop. 


shade 










by "cuttings of previous year's wood." 
Well-drained sandy or loamy soil. S. 












Europe. 






"Blue" 
62 


NOOTKA 
LUPINE 


*Lupinus 
Nootkate'nsis 


A showy plant with large spikes of 
flowers. Deep green digitate foliage. 


12-15 * n - 
Sun 


-ate 
May to 


greener 






Prop, by seed. Border plant doing well 
in ordinary garden soil. Nootka Sound. 




early 
luly 


"Blue" 


VIRGINIAN 


*Merte*nsia 


See page 52. 




Late 


57 deep- 


COWSLIP, 


mlmonari- 






Apr. 


er, turns 


BLUE 


oides 






to late 


to 29 


BELLS 


M. Virginica 






May 


"Blue" 


SIBERIAN 


*Merte*nsia 


Rare but excellent species. Similar 


1-5 ft. 


Mav, 


51 


LUNGWORT 


Sibirica 


to Virginian Cowslip. Funnel-formed 


Sun 


early 








flowers in nodding clusters. Buds 




fune 








pinkish. Broad grayish leaves. Do 












not disturb. Good for rock-garden or 












border. Prop, preferably by seed just 
ripe. Sheltered spots in good loam. 












Rocky Mts.; Siberia. 






"Pale 


COMMON 


**Muscari 


See page 52. 




Apr., 


blue" 63 


GRAPE 


botryoides 






May 


or paler 


HYACINTH 


-Jyacinthus 












wtryotdes 








"Dark 


DARK 


*Muscari 


See page 52. 




it 


blue" 49 


PURPLE 


commutatum 








redder 


GRAPE 












HYACINTH 










"Blue" 


TUFTED 


*Muscari 


See page 52. 







63 duller 


GRAPE 


comosum 










HYACINTH, 


Hyacinthus 










PURSE 


Comdsus 










TASSELS, 












TUZZY- 












MUZZY 










"Blue" 


FEATH- 


**Muscari 


See page 52. 




it 


63 duller 


ERED FAIR- 


comosum var. 










HAIRED OR 


monstrosum 










TASSELED 


M. plumosum 










HYACINTH 


M. p. var. m. 








"Dark 


STARCH 


*Muscari 


See page 52. 




i 


blue" 61 


GRAPE 


racemosum 










HYACINTH 


Hyacinthus r. 








"Deep 


EARLY 


*Myos6tis 


See page 52. 




Late 


sky- 


FORGET- 


dissitiflora 






Apr. to 


blue" 58 


ME-NOT 








July 


brighter 












"Bright 
blue" 58 


TRUE 
FORGET- 


*Myos6tis 

paliistris 


Dwarf Alpine plant with many 
small flowers in lax racemes. Foliage 


6-18 in. 
Half 


May, 
June 


brighter 


ME-NOT 




forms a low lying tuft. Good for car- 
peting and edging. Prop, by seed or 


shade 
or shade 










cuttings. Any rather moist soil. 












Europe; Asia. 







150 




GENTIAN-LEAVED SPEEDWELL. Veronica gentianoides. 



152 



GREEK VALERIAN. Polemonium reptans. 



BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


EVER- 


**Myos6tis 


Dwarf plant of spreading habit, 


8 in. 


Mavto 


57 


FLOWERING 
FORGET- 


paltistris var. 
sempe*rflorens 


called semperflorens from its long sea- 
son of bloom. Flowers in loose clus- 


Shade 


Sept. 




ME-NOT 




ters. Good for damp shady spots of 












rock-garden. Prop, by seed and cut- 












tings. Moist soil. Hort. See Plate, 












page 151. 






"Blue" 


WOOD 


*Myos6tis 


One of the best species for spring 


I -2 ft. 


May, 


58 darker 


FORGET- 


sylvatica 


bedding. Loose clusters of small flow- 


Sun 


early 




ME-NOT 




ers with yellow eyes. Attractive for 


or shade 


June 








fringing walks or in garden beds and 












pretty when naturalized in the grass. 












Prop, by seed. Any good soil. Europe; 












Asia. 






"Blue" 


ALPINE 


*Myos6tis 


Dwarf variety with more compact 


3-8 in. 


M 


58 


WOOD 


sylvatica var. 


flower clusters than the type. Very 


Sun or 




brilliant 


FORGET- 


alpe"stris 


attractive when planted in masses. 


shade 






ME-NOT 


M. alp e sir is 


Good for fringing walks. Prop, by 












seed. Any good soil. Europe. 






"Blue" 


CREEPING 


*0mphalodes 


See page 55. 




Apr., 


58 deeper 


FORGET- 


ve"rna 






May 




ME-NOT 










"Bright 


BLUE 


*Pentstemon 


Improvement on the type; taller 


i2-i8in. 


Late 


blue" 


SMOOTH glaber var. 


with brighter flowers in close clusters, 


Sun 


May, 


46 


BEARD- 


cyananthus 


broader and greener foliage. Very 




June 




TONGUE 


P. cydntbus 


pretty for the garden. Prop, by seed 
and division. Any good rich soil. 












Rocky Mts. 






"Pale 


CHICK- 


*Phl6x 


See page 55. 




Late 


blue" 


WEED 


stellaria 






Apr., 


50 


PHLOX 








May 


"Light 


GREEK 


*Polem6nium 


See page 55 and Plate, page 152. 




Late 


blue" 


VALERIAN 


re*ptans 






Apr. to 


bet. 










early 


46&52 










June 


"Azure 


HIMALAYAN 


*Polem6nium 


Alpine plant. Bell-shaped flowers 


6-12 in. 


Late 


blue" 


VALERIAN 


re"ptans var. 


\\ in. in diameter, in large panicles. 


Half 


May 


46 bluer 




Himalay- 


Foliage fern-like. Good border plant. 


shade 


to 






anum 


Prop, by seed and division. Good 




mid. 






P. grandi- 


garden soil. Himalayas. 




July 






florum, 












P. cceruleum 












var. grandi- 












florum 








"Blue" 
46 bluer 


BLUE 
COWSLIP 


*Pulmonaria 
angustifdlia 


Compact plant with funnel-shaped 
flowers and thick tufts of foliage. 


6-12 in. 
Sun or 


May 








Easily cultivated. Divide every few 


half 










years. Grows best in half shade. 


shade 










Wild garden or border. Prop, in early 












spring by division. Light fairly moist 












soil. Europe. 






"Rose, 


LUNGWORT 


*Pulmonaria 


Tufted plant. Flowers in upright 


6-12 in. 


< 


turns 




officinalis 


clusters turning blue. Foliage coarsely 


Sun or 




blue" 




P. maculaia 


hairy, handsomely spotted. Plant in 


half 




turns 54 






semi-wild places or border. Prop, by 
division. Light soil not too dry ad- 


shade 










visable. Europe. 







153 



BLUE 



MAY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


BETHLE- 


Pulmonaria 


See page 55. 




Late 


51 


HEM SAGE 


saccharata 






Apr. 












to late 












May 


"Blue" 


STAR 


*Scffla 


See page 7. 




Mid. 


61 


HYACINTH 


amdena 






Mar. to 












early 












May 


"Dark 


EARLY 


*Scffla 


See page 7. 




<t 


blue" 62 


SQUILL 


bifdlia 








"Blue" 


SIBERIAN 


**Scffla 


See page 7. 




u 


61 deeper 


SQUILL 


Sibirica 












5. amana 












var. prcecox 








"Blue" 


PRICKLY 


Symphytum 


Somewhat coarse plant. Tubular 


3-5 ft. 


Late 


32 turns 
61 


COMFREY 


aspe*rrimum 


drooping flowers reddish turning to 
blue, in scattered clusters. Prickly 


Sun or 
half 


May to 
mid. 








foliage. Mass in wild garden. Any 


shade 


July 








garden soil. Caucasus. 






"Blue" 


ANGEL'S OR 


**Ver6nica 


Compact plant with many slender 


i-iift. 


Late 


bet. 


BIRD'S 


Chamsedrys 


branches which ascend from a creep- 


Sun 


May, 


60&61 


EYES, 




ing rootstock. Large flowers in loose 




June 




GERMAN- 




racemes 3-6 in. long. Excellent bor- 








DER 




der plant. Prop. By division. Any 








SPEED- 




gooa garden soil. Europe. 








WELL 










"Blue" 


GENTIAN- 


** Veronica 


See page 55 and Plate, page 152. 




Late 


46 or 53 


LEAVED 


gentianoides 






Apr. 




SPEED- 








to late 




WELL 








May 


"Light 
blue" 


COMMON 
SPEED- 


Verdnica 

officinalis 


Native. Rapidly trailing plant with 
thick-flowered racemes. Good for cut- 


4-6 in. 
Shade 


May, 
July 


50 


WELL 




ting. Of easiest culture and continu- 












ous bloom. Useful for carpeting un- 












der trees. Prop, by cuttings. Any 












soil. Europe; N. Amer. 






"Deep 


SCAL- 


*Ver6nica 


Pretty trailing plant with long 


Prostrate 


May, 


blue" 


LOPED- 


pectinata 


many-flowered racemes. Suitable for 


Sun or 


June 


near 47 


LEAVED 
SPEED- 




a dry position in rock-garden or edge 
of border. Prop, by seed and division. 


shade 






WELL 




Almost any soil. Asia Minor. 






"Pur- 
plish 
blue" 54 


ROCK 

SPEED- 
WELL 


**Ver6nica 
rupe*stris 
V . fruticuldsa 


Neat closely trailing plant with dense 
erect spike-like racemes of flowers 
borne in profusion. A splendid border 


4-5 in. 

Sun 


Mid. 
May 
to late 








plant forming a thick mat. Prop, by 




June 








seed or division. Any good garden 












soil. 






"Pale 


BASTARD 


*Ver6nica 


Produces a wealth of long racemes 


l-tift 


Mid. 


blue" 


SPEED- 


Turia 


crowded with small blossoms, but 


Sun 


May to 


53 pale 


WELL 


. paniculata 
V. ametbfs- 


grows weedy after flowering. Prop, by 
seed and division. Forests of S. Eu- 




June 






tina 


rope and Russia. 












Var. elegans; more graceful and 












widely branching than the type. 







154 



BLUE, PARTI-COLORED 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 
bet. 


HUNGARIAN 
SPEED- 


**Ver6nica 
Teucrium 


Rapidly spreading, of dense growth, 
covered with thickly-flowered ra- 


i-I ft. 

Sun 


Late 
May to 


60&61 


WELL 




cemes. Excellent for border or rock- 




early 








garden. Prop, by seed and division. 




June 








Any garden soil. Central and S. 












Europe; Central Asia. 






"Pur- 


HAIRY 


*Viola hJrta 


Similar to V. odorata, though al- 


4-6 in. 


May 


plish 


VIOLET 




most scentless and with narrower 


Half 




blue" 






leaves. Plant in shady spot in rock- 


shade 




47 or 48 






garden. Europe. 






"Pur- 


ARROW- 


Viola 


Large flowers with short spurs, and 


2-3 in. 


May, 


plish 
blue" 53 


LEAVED 
VIOLET 


sagittata 
y. dentata 


bearded petals. Leaves varying from 
heart-shaped to spear-shaped. Border 


Half 
shade 


early 
June 








or rock-garden. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion or runners. N. Amer. 






Parti- 


LARGE- 


*Epimedium 


See page 56. 




Late 


colored 


FLOWERED 


macranthum 






Apr. 


26, 43, & 


BARREN- 








to late 


white 


WORT 








May 


1, 


TWISTED- 


*Fritillaria 


See page 56. 




Mid. 


markings 


LEAVED 


obliqua 






Apr. to 


17 


FRITILLARY 








mid. 












May 


1, 


SLENDER 


*Fritillaria 


Tubular yellowish flowers, check- 


i ft. 


May 


markings 


FRITILLARY 


tenella 


ered with purplish brown, on an al- 


Shade 




56 




F. montana 


most erect stem. Border and rock- 












garden. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. 












Rich soil well-drained. Maritime Alps. 






White 


ELDER- 


*Iris 


Resembles I. squalens but less vig- 


I 4-2 J ft 


Late 


& 46 


SCENTED 


sambucina 


orous and with smaller flowers. Prop. 


Sun 


May 




FLAG 




by division. Rather moist soil. 
Europe. 






Often 46 


BROWN- 


*Iris squalens 


Several flowered species. Flowers 


3 ft. 


Late 


deep with 


FLOWERED 




much smaller than 1. Germanica, in- 


Sun 


May, 


1 & 35 


IRIS 




ner petals purplish buff or brownish 




[une 








and yellow; outer petals dull violet, 












beard yellow. Grayish green leaves 












shorter than flower-stems. Prop, by 












division. Central Europe to Caucasus. 






Parti- 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 


colored 






page 64. 




Apr. 












olate 












May 


"White 
& rose" 


LADY 
TULIP 


Tulipa 
Clusiana 


Dainty very fragrant flower about 
2 in. across, flushed with rose and 


12-18 in. 
Sun 


May 








purplish black at base. Leaves long, 












narrow and folded. Pretty for border 












or rock-garden. Plant in late Sept. 












or in Oct. at a depth of 4 in. to the 












bottom of the bulb, allowing 4 in. 












between each. It is best to protect in 












winter and to give an occasional top- 












dressing. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. 












If drainage is not good put sand 












around the bulb. S. Europe. 







155 



VARIOUS 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


"ime of 
Bloom 


Various 


DOUBLE- 


*Aquilegia 


Flowers much doubled. Color va- 


I-lift. 


Mid. 


white to 


FLOWERED 


vulgaris var. 


ries from white to deep blue. Useful 


Sun 


flay to 


48 duller 


EUROPEAN 


fl6re-pleno 


for wild garden or border. Prop, by 




uly 




COLUMBINE 




seed. Light sandy soil, moist but well- 












drained. Hort. 






Often? 


WALL- 


*Cheiranthus 


Bushy plant. Yellow flowers vary- 


1-2* ft. 


May 




FLOWER 


Cheiri 


ing to brown and purple, in. across, 


Sun 










grow in clusters. Foliage good. 












Should be renewed every year from 












seed. Flowers the second year. Pretty 












in rock-garden or border. Prop, by 












seed or cuttings. Any good garden 












soil. S. Europe 






Often 


FLESH- 


Erica carnea 


See page 56. 




Apr., 


near 22 


COLORED 








vlay 




HEATH 










4, 13 or 


CROWN 


**Fritfflaria 


See page 56. 




Mid. 


19 more 


MPERIAL 


mperialis 






Apr. to 


orange 










mid. 












May 


Various 


GUINEA- 


**Fritillaria 


See page 59. 




Late 




HEN 


Meleagris 






Apr. 




FLOWER, 








to late 




SNAKE'S 








May 




HEAD, 
CHECK- 












ERED LILY 










Various 


DUTCH 


**Hyacmthus 


See page 59. 




Late 




HYACINTH 


orientalis 






Apr., 






vars. 






May 


Some- 


VIRGINIA 


lydrophyl- 


White or violet erect bell-shaped 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


times 43 


WATER- 


um 


flowers in clusters. Useful for shady 


Sun or 


May to 


dull 


LEAF 


/irginicum 


places in rock-garden or border. N. 


shade 


July 








Amer. 






Various 


GERMAN 


**iris 


The name is given to a large group 


2-3 ft. 


Late 




FLAG, 


Germanica 


of varieties. Large and beautiful 


Sun 


May, 




FLEUR- 


vars. 


flowers with erect standards and yel- 




June 




DE-LIS 




low beard. The blossoms vary in 












color from pure white to violet and 












purple, sometimes being yellow or va- 












riegated with yellow. They appear on 
stout, usually branching stalks high 












above the broad sword-shaped leaves. 












Effective in isolated clumps and in 












masses in the border or edge of shrub- 












bery. Prop, by division of rhizomes. 












Divide when crowded, but disturb as 












little as possible. They are gross feed- 








.-. * -" 




ers, but will flourish in any well- 












drained garden soil. Europe. 












Among the best vars. are: * Albert 








m 




Victor; (color no. 46 deep), standards 












soft blue, falls a delicate lilac. ** Bronze 












Beauty; standards dull yellow, falls 












rose lavender. *Darius; (color nos. 












48 & 2), lilac flowers edged with white, 












beard rich orange. **Duc de Nemours 







,56 




157 





158 



VARIOUS 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








(color no. 55 and white), purple mar- 












gined with white. * Gracchus; (color 












nos. 2 & 41), early bloomer. Stand- 












ards pale yellow, falls yellow suffused 












with deep red. Height i ft. **Hec- 












tor; (color nos. 5 light & 13 deep), 












standards delicate yellow, falls very 












deep crimson. **Mme. Cbereau; 












(tinged with color no. 44), white beau- 












tifully feathered and margined with 












blue. **Mrs. H. Darwin; (tinged 












with color no. 48), white netted with 












violet; a free bloomer. ** Purple 












King; (color no. 55 warmer), purple. 












** Vidorine; (white and color no. 55), 












blue and white. See Plate, page 157. 






Various 


WHITE- 


**Pae6nia 


Showy herbaceous Peony, white in 


2-4 ft. 


Late 




FLOWERED 


albifldra vars. 


the type, but ranging in the many va- 


Sun or 


May to 




PEONY 


P. edults 


rieties through shades of pink and 


balf 


mid. 








red, also parti-colored. For location 


shade 


June 








and cultivation see P. officinalis. 












Siberia. 






Various 


TREE 


Pae6nia 


Beautiful shrub with very large 


3-6 ft. 


Mid. 




PEONY 


Moutan 


flowers. Many double or single varie- 


Sun or 


May to 






P. arborea 


ties, in colors from white to crimson. 


half 


mid. 


- 






Harder to grow than other species, 


shade 


June 








needing protected spot and winter 












covering. Plant in isolated clumps or 












in border or on the edge of shrubbery. 












Prop, by grafting on roots of herba- 












ceous species. Does not flower until 












third year. Being a gross feeder, it 












requires a rich moist loam enriched 












with cow manure. China. See Plate, 












page 158. 






Often 33 


COMMON 


**Pae6nia 


Herbaceous Peonies, typically crim- 


2-3 ft. 





redder 


GARDEN 


officinalis 


son, but the parents of many colored 


Sun or 






PEONY 


vars. 


horticultural vars. Large single or 


half 








P, fulgida 


double flowers varying from white to 


shade 










deep crimson and parti-colored. Hand- 












some divided foliage. Hardy and ef- 












fective in clumps or masses in large 












border or for edging beds of shrubs. 












Half shade is desirable. Prop, usually 












by division in early autumn. Being 












gross feeders, they require a deep 












rather moist loam enriched with cow 












manure. 






Often 40 


STRAG- 


*Pae6nia 


Herbaceous Peony. Effective spe- 


I*-2ft. 


May 


deeper 


GLING 


peregrina 


cies resembling P. officinalis; the 


Sun or 






PEONY 


vars. 


flowers of the many vars. range from 


half 










pale rose to deep crimson. Dark 


shade 










glossy foliage. For location and culti- 












vation see P. officinalis. S. Europe. 






Often 31 


HAIRY 


**Phl6i 


See page 63. 




Late 


duller 


PHLOX 


amdena 






Apr., 






P. procum- 






May 






bens (Gray) 









159 



VARIOUS 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


DOWNY 


*Phl6x pi!6sa 


Beautiful species with a profusion 


l-lift. 


May, 




PHLOX 


P. dristata 


of white, purplish or pink flowers in 


Sun 


June 








flat clusters. Resembles P. Drum- 












mondi. Rock-garden or border. Prop. 












by seed, division or cuttings. Good 












light garden soil. N. Amer. 






40, 36, 


MOSS OR 


**Phl6x 


See page 63. 




Late 


43, white, 


GROUND 


subulata 






Apr., 


etc. 


PINK 


P. nivalis 






May 


34 & 


AURICULA 


*Primula 


See page 63. 




t< 


others 




Auricula 












Auricula 








Various 


POLYAN- 


*Primula 


See page 63. 




(c 




THUS 


Polyantha 








Mixed 


VON 


**Primula 


See page 63. 




(i 


white, 


SIEBOLD'S 


Sieboldi 








48, etc. 


PRIMROSE 


P. cortusoides 












var. amana, 













var. grandi- 












ftbra 2r var . S. 








Various 


TONGUE- 


*Saxifraga 


See page 64. 




H 




LEAVED 


ligulata 










SAXIFRAGE 


S. Scbmidtii 








Various 


COMMON 


*Scilla 


Drooping bell-shaped fragrant flow- 


8-12 in. 


May, 




BLUEBELL 


festalis 


ers, blue, purple, white or pink, on 


Half 


early 




of England, 


S. nutans, S. 


tall stems. Leaves long and grass- 


shade 


June 




WOOD 
HYACINTH 


nonscripta, S. 
cernua 


like. Charming in rock-garden or mar- 
gin of shrubbery. Bulbous. Prop, by 












offsets. Enrich occasionally with top- 












dressing of manure. Europe. 






Various 


SPANISH 


**Scffla 


The most robust species. Bell- 


12-18 in. 


Late 




SQUILL OR 
JACINTH, 
BELL- 


HLispanica 
S. campanu- 
lata, S. pdtula 


shaped flowers about i in. across, blue, 
white or rose, hang from the flower- 
stalks. Leaves long and narrow. 


Sun 


May, 
June 




FLOWERED 




Charming in masses for rock-garden, 








SQUILL 




wild garden, border and naturaliza- 










* 


tion. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets in 












summer. Any soil with a yearly top- 












dressing. Spain; Portugal. 






34 or 


SESSILE- 


Trillium 


See page 64. 




Late 


green 


FLOWERED 


se*ssile 






Apr., 




WAKE- 








May 




ROBIN 










Various 


LARGE 


Trillium 


See page 64. 









CALIFOR- 


sessile var. 










NIAN 


giganteum 










WAKE- 


/ . s. var. 










ROBIN 


Califdrnicum 








Various 


TULIP 


**Tulipavars. 


Single Early Bedding Tulips. See 




Late 








page 64. 




Apr. 
to late 












May 


Various 


TULIP 


**Tulipa vars. 


Double Early Bedding Tulips. See 




H 








page 64. 







160 




LATE TULIPS 



161 





1 62 



VARIOUS 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


TULIP 


**Tiilipa vars. 


The following is a carefully selected 












list of some of the best single and dou- 












ble late Tulips of garden origin. They 
have longer and more graceful flower- 












stalks than the early species and are 












good for cutting. There are many 












other good vars. in the trade. Plant 












in late Sept. or in Oct. at a depth of 4 












in. to the bottom of the bulb, allowing 












4 in. between each. Protect in winter 












and give an occasional top-dressing. 












Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. Light soil. 












If drainage is poor, put sand around 












the bulb. See Plate, page 161. 












Single Late Bedding Tulips. Vars. 


12-18 in. 


Mid. 








Bifarres; (marked with color no. 35); 


Sun 


to late 








yellow ground, striped or feathered 




May 








with crimson, purple or white. By- 












blcemens; white ground, striped or 












marked with purple, lilac or black 












Roses; white ground, marked with 












scarlet, pink or red. Bouton d'or; 












(color no. 5), bright yellow globular 












flowers; very pretty. Golden Crown; 












(effect color no. 6), yellow edged with 












red. Picotee; white edged with deep 












pink; charmingly shaped flowers on 












graceful stems. 












Double Late Bedding Tulips. Vars. : 


9-16 in. 


u 








Belle Alliance; (color no. bet. 19 & 


Sun 










20), red, striped with white. Blue 












Flag; (color no. 46), violet blue; 












height 1 6 in. Duke of York; (color 












no. 32), dark rose with white border. 












La Candeur; very large and pure 












white. Mariage de ma Fille; (color 












no. 22), pure white striped with rose. 












Peony Gold; (color no. 5 marked with 












19), golden yellow, striped with red. 












Rose Blanche; (color no. 22 lighter), 












snow white and pink; height 9 in. 






Often 
mixed or 
39, 25, or 


DARWIN 
TULIP 


**Tulipa 
"Darwin" 


Single late-flowering Tulip of robust 
growth, producing very large finely- 
formed flowers, on tall graceful stems, 


I -2 ft. 

Sun or 

half 


Late 
May to 
early 


3 & green, 
etc. 






and in unusual colors, ranging from 
palest lilac to purplish black, includ- 


shade 


June 








ing shades of rose, slate, mahogany, 












and crimson. Excellent for cutting. 












Beautiful in mixed colors for beds or 












for grouping on the edge of shrubbery, 
or in border. For cultivation see T. 












Gesneriana vars. Garden origin. See 












Plate, page 162. 












Among the most desirable are: 












Alabama; (color no. 39), deep rosy 












lilac. Glory; salmon scarlet. Grande 












Duchesse; (color no. 19), carmine red. 












Gustave Dore; vivid rose. Herold; 












(color no. 43), pale violet. Hippolyte; 







,63 



VARIOUS 



MAY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








(color no. 41 brighter), bluish violet. 


- 










Liberia; (color no. 35), deep brown, 












shaded black. Longfellow; (color no. 










- 


37 or 38), deep rose. Olga; (tinged with 












color no. 43), white and lilac. Pales; 












(color no. 43), pale lilac. Richelieu; 












(color no. 35), deep red. Scylla; (color 












no. 29), pink. 






Various 


DUC VAN 


**Tulipa 


See page 68. 




Late 




THOL 


"Due van 






Apr., 




TULIP 


Thol" 






early 












May 


Various 


COMMON 


**TMipa 


The type of this effective flower is 


6-24 in. 


Mid. 




GARDEN 


Gesneriana 


described under color "red." There 


Sun 


May to 




OR LATE 


vars. 


are many varieties in shades of orange, 




early 




TULIP 




yellow, carmine, etc. Beautiful in 




June 








groups and masses. Plant in late 












Sept. or in Oct. at a depth of 4 in. to 












the bottom of the bulb, allowing 4 in. 












between each. It is best to protect in 












winter and to give an occasional top- 












dressing. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. 












Light soil. If drainage is not good put 












sand around the bulb. 






Often 


PARROT OR 


**TMipa 


Single late flowering Tulip, odd, 


12-18 in. 


Mid. 


mixed 


DRAGON 


Gesneriana 


showy and interesting. Large flowers 


Half 


May to 


18 & 3 or 


TULIP 


var. 


with petals curiously cut or feathered, 


shade 


June 


3 & green 




Drac6ntia 


in brilliant colors, sometimes combin- 












ing shades of green. Good for cutting. 
Excellent in beds or borders. For 












cultivation see T. Gesneriana vars. 












Of garden origin. 












Among the most desirable are: 












Admiral of Constantinople; (color no. 












20), dark red; large flowers. Cafe" 












Brun; (effect color no. 14), coffee 












color and yellow. Lutea Major; (color 












no. 5), bright yellow, sometimes 












streaked with red. Markgraaf; (color 












nos. 4 & 20 striped with green), yel- 












low, scarlet and green striped; large. 












Monstre Rouge; (color no. 20 more 












brilliant), beautiful deep scarlet, 












large flower, very handsome. Per- 












fecta; (color nos. 4 & 17), yellow, 












spotted with red. See Plate, page 165. 






46 etc. 


DOG VIOLET 


Viola canina 


See page 68. 




Late 












Apr. 












to late 












May 


Often 48 
darker 


MUNBY'S 
VIOLET 


Viola 

Munbyana 


Very pretty species. Vigorous and 
free-flowering. Large flowers, deep 
purple or yellow. Resembles V. cor- 


4-5 in. 
Half 
shade 


Early 
to late 
May 








nuta. Mass in the rock-garden. Algeria. 






Various 


PANSY, 


**Viola 


See page 68. 




Mid. 




HEARTS- 


tricolor 






Apr. to 




EASE 








mid. 












Sept. 





164 




PARROT TULIP. Tulipa Gesneriana var. Dracontia. 



165 





1 66 



A JUNE BORDER 



JUNE 


WHITE TO GREENISH 


Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


SNEEZE- 
WORT 


Achiltea 
Ptannica 


Straggling plant. Flowers in loose 
flat clusters. Border or wild garden. 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 








Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 
Any ordinary soil. N. Temp. Zone. 




mid. 
Sept. 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


**Achillea 


Large and fine var. Double flowers 


l*-2ift. 


June 




SNEEZE- 


Ptannica var. 


in small clusters. Foliage insignifi- 


Sun 


to Oct. 




WORT 


"The Pearl" 


cant. Excellent for cutting. Border. 












Prop, by division and cuttings. Rich 
soil. N. Temp. Zone. See Plate, 












page 276. 






"Cream 


WHITE 


Actsea dlba 


See page n. 




Early 


white" 


BANE- 


A. rubra 






Apr. to 




BERRY 








July 


"White" 


COHOSH, 


Acta 


See page 71. 




May, 


HERB 


spicata 






June 




CHRISTO- 












PHER 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Ajiiga 


See page 71. 




May 




BUGLE 


re*ptans 






to mid. 






var. alba 






June 


"White" 


NARCISSUS- 


Anembne 


See page 71. 




May to 


39 under 


FLOWERED 


narcissiflbra 






Aug. 


petals 


ANEMONE 


A. umbellbla 








"White" 


WOOD 


Anembne 


See page n. 




Late 


often 36 


ANEMONE 


nemorosa 






Apr. to 












early 












June 


"White" 


CANADA 


*Anem6ne 


See page 71. 




Mid. 




ANEMONE 


Pennsyl- 






May to 






vanica 






early 






A. Canaden- 






July 






sis, 












A. dicbotoma 








"Cream 


SNOWDROP 


**Anemone 


See page n. 




Late 


white" 


WIND- 


sylve"stris 


, - 




Apr. to 


tinged 


FLOWER 








mid. 


with 39 










July 


"Green- 
ish 
white" 


TALL OR 
VIRGINIAN 
ANEMONE 


Anembne 
Virginiana 


Hairy species, sturdy and branch- 
ing. Flowers i-i-in. wide. Good 
for naturalizing in wild garden. N. 


2-3 ft. 

Sun or 
shade 


June, 
July 








Amer. 






"White" 


ST. BRUNO'S 


*Anthe*ricttm 


See page 72. 




Late 




LILY 


Lilidstrum 






May to 






Paradisea 






early 






Lilid strum 






July 



167 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


BRANCHING 


*Anthe'ricum 


Small lily-like flowers in racemes on 


I -2 ft. 


June 




ANTHERI- 


racemdsum 


branching stems. Tufted grass-like 


Sun 






CUM 


A. Gramini- 


foliage. Winter protection. Pretty 










folium 


in border. Prop- by seed, division 












and stolons. S. Europe. 






"Pure 


DWARF 


*Aquilegia 


Dwarf var. of A. flabellata. Flowers 


8-12 in. 


H 


white" 


WHITE- 


flabellata var. 


have short spurs. Prop, by seed and 


Sun 






FLOWERED jnana-alba 


division. Should have a light well- 








COLUMBINE A. /. var. 


drained but not dry soil. Hort. 










fiore-dlba 








"White" 


WHITE 


**Aquilegia 


See page 72. 




Mid. 




COLUMBINE 


vulgaris 






May to 






var. nivea 






July 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Armeria 


See page 72. 




Late 




PLANTAIN- 


plantaginea 






May 




LIKE 


var. leucantha 






to late 




THRIFT 


A. diantboides 






June 


"White" 


GALIUM- 


Aspe"rula 


Erect plant with pleasing flowers. 


i-i}ft. 


June, 




LIKE 


Galioides 


Useful in rock-garden in rather dry 


Half 


July 




WOODRUFF 




position. Europe. 


sbade 




"White" 


SWEET 


AspeYula 


See page 75. 




Early 




WOODRUFF, 


odorata 






May to 




HAY PL ANT 








mid. 












June 


"White" 


BRANCHING 
ASPHODEL 


*Asph6delus 
albus 


Small lily-like flowers borne in 
spikes which rise high above the 


2-3 ft. 

Sun or 


June, 
July 








tufts of long narrow leaves. Good 


balf 










border plant. Prop, by division. Any 


sbade 










good soil. S. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Aster 


See page 75. 




Late 




ALPINE 


alpinus 






May 




ASTER 


var. albus 






to late 












June 


"White" 


SMALL 


*Aster 


Pretty plant with numerous showy 


2-4 ft. 


June, 




WHITE 


vimineus 


white flowers. Wild garden. U. S. A. 


Sun 


July 




ASTER 










"Creamy 


FALSE 


**Astflbe 


Flowers in terminal panicles. Foli- 


3-6 ft. 


Early 


white" 


GOAT'S 


decandra 


age somewhat heart-shaped. Effec- 


Half 


June 




BEARD 


A. biternata 


tive in masses. Border. Prop, by 


sbade 


to 








division. Any good garden soil. 




early 








U. S. A. 




July 


"White" 


JAPANESE 


**Astilbe 


Plant of compact habit. Flowers 


1-3 ft/ 


Mid. 




FALSE 
GOAT'S 


Japdnica 

Hotel a 


form feathery panicles which rise 
above the handsome dark foliage. 


Half 
shade 


June 
to mid. 




BEARD 


Japdnica, 


Effective in masses and in the border. 




July 






H. barbata, 


Prop, by division. Any soil. Japan. 










Spiraa 


See Plate, page 169. 










Japdnica 


Var. grandtflora; (color no. 22 pale), 












has larger flowers and more compact 












racemes. Var. multi flora; many flow- 












ered var., flowers larger and more com- 












pact than in the type. Var. variegata, 












bears pretty variegated foliage. 







168 





i6 9 




170 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


LARGE 


*Baptfsia 


Stately plant. Flowers an in. long, 


2-4 ft. 


Early 




WHITE 


leucantha 


in terminal racemes. Foliage clover- 


Sun 


[une 




WILD 




like. Prop, by seed and division. 




to mid. 




INDIGO 




Any good garden soil. Eastern U.S.A. 




July 


"White" 


WHITE 
CARPA- 


**Camp5.nula 
Oarp&tica 


Vigorous compact plant. The large 
erect cup-shaped flowers are borne in 


9 in. 

Sun 


Late 
June 




THIAN 


var. &lba 


continuous profusion above the pretty 




to late 




HAIRBELL 




foliage. Invaluable for rock-garden 




Aug. 








or border. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Rich well-drained loam. 












Transylvania. 






"White" 


WHITE 
PEACH- 


* *Camp&n.ula 
persicifdlia 


A very charming plant. Many large 
cup-shaped flowers 2 in. across, rang- 


Sun 


Early 
June 




LEAVED 


var. alba 


ing along tall stems are borne above a 




to 




BELL- 




tuft of pretty foliage. Good for cut- 




early 




FLOWER 




ting, and a graceful border plant. A 




July 








charming effect is given by massing 












against a dark background. Prop, by 












seed and division. Easily cultivated 












in rich soil. See Plate, page 170. 












Var. flore-pleno has double camellia- 












like flowers. Good for cutting. Cen- 












tral Europe. 












Var. alba grandiflora is a favorite 












Campanula. The very large cup- 












shaped flowers make it an imposing 












plant for the border. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Hort. 






"White" 


BACK- 


**Campnula 


A popular form of C. persicifolia. 


I $-3 ft. 


June, 




HOUSE'S 


persicifdlia 


Attractive as a rock-garden plant, 


Sun 


July 




PEACH- 


var. 


showy in the border, and good for 








LEAVED 


Backhouse! 


cutting. See C. persicifolia var. alba. 








BELL- 




Hort. 








FLOWER 










"White" 


MOER- 


**Campnula 


Recently introduced. A good and 


I i-2 ft. 


(i 




HEIM'S 
PEACH- 


persicif61ia 
var. 


very hardy form of this popular Bell- 
flower. S^jkes of camellia-like flow- 


Sun 






LEAVED 


Moerheimi 


ers, 2^-3 ^ in. in diameter, are pro- 








BELL- 




duced in profusion. Good for cutting. 








FLOWER 




See C. persicifolia var. alba. Hort. 






"White" 


SPOTTED 


*Camp&nula 


An interesting species. Two or 


i-i^ft. 


June 




BELL- 


punctate 


three large drooping flowers on erect 


Sun 


to late 




FLOWER 




stems, throats spotted with red. Not 




July 








good for cutting. Rough and hairy 












foliage mostly at base of plant. At- 












tractive border plant. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Rich loam well-drained. Sibe- 












ria; Japan. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Campfinula 


A lovely little plant with drooping 


6-12 in. 


June 




BLUE 


rotundifblia 


bell-flowers on slender stems. Not so 


Sun 


to 




BELLS OF 


var. alba 


leafy as the type. Pretty for border, 




Sept. 




SCOTLAND 




though especially suited for the rock- 












garden or for naturalization in wild 












spots. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 












tings. Rich well-drained loam. N. 












Temp. Regions. 







171 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 






Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


Campanula 


A white form of a common and very 


2-3 ft. 


June 




COVENTRY 


Trachelium 


hardy species. Flowers bearded in- 


Sun 






BELLS 


var. alba 


side in loose racemes i ft. or more 












long. Good border plant. Prop, by 












seed, division or cuttings. Rich well- 












drained loam. Europe. 












Var. alba plena, a double form. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Centaurea 


See page 75. 




Late 




MOUNTAIN 


montana 






May to 




BLUET OR 


var. alba 






early 




KNAPWEED 








July 


"White" 


WHITE 


Centranthus 


Compact bushy plant covered with 


i -3 ft. 


June, 




JUPITER'S 


ruber 


bold clusters of flowers which termi- 


Sun 


July 




BEARD 


var. albus 


nate leafy stems. Gray-green foliage. 












Often found in old-fashioned gardens. 












Prop, by seed or division. Mediter- 












ranean Region. 






"White" 


BIEBER- 


Cerastium 


Evergreen creeping plant. Small 


6 in. 


it 




STEIN'S 


Biebersteinii 


flowers. Broad glossy silvery leaves 


Sun or 






MOUSE-EAR 




forming a dense mat. Used chiefly 


half 






CHICK- 




for edging. Prop, by division or cut- 


shade 






WEED 




tings. Any garden soil. Asia Minor. 






"White" 


BOISSIER'S 
MOUSE-EAR 


Cerastium 
Boissierii 


Spreading plant. Large flowered 
var. Silvery foliage. Stems weak. 


10-12 in. 
Sun or 


June 




CHICK- 




Good for covering dry banks. Any 


half 






WEED 




ordinary garden soil. Spain. 


shade 




"White" 


LARGE- 


*Cerastium 


See page 75. 




May, 




FLOWERED 


grandiflbrum 






June 




MOUSE-EAR 












CHICK- 












WEED 










"White" 


COTTONY 


Cerastium 


Spreading plant of weak stem and 


3-6 in. 


June 




MOUSE-EAR 


tomentbsum 


small flowers. Foliage silvery. Used 


Sun 






CHICK- 




principally for edging. Europe. 








WEED 










"White" 


PRINCE'S 
PINE 


Chimdphila 
umbellata 


Small shrubby evergreen plant. 
Flowers sometimes reddish in few- 


3-6 in. 
Half 


" 






C. corytnbdsa, 


flowered clusters. Dark green glossy 


shade 








Pfrola 


leaves. Suitable for wild garden or 










umbellata 


rock-garden. Plant among Pyrolas, 












Wintergreen, etc. Prop, by division. 












Sandy peaty soil with leaf mold. N. 












Amer.; Europe; Japan. 






"White" 


DR. JAMES'S 
SNOW- 


Chionophila 
Jamesii 


Tufted alpine plant. Creamy flow- 
ers in dense spikes. Leaves rather 


1-3 in. 
Sun 


June, 
July 




FLOWER 




thick, mostly about the root. Desir- 












able in rock-garden. Prop, by seed or 












division. Well-drained soil. Rocky 












Mts. of Col. 






"White" 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 


**Chrysan- 

themum 


Single flowers like large Daisies. 
Long leaves narrow at the base, grow- 


i ft. 
Sun 


" 




WHITE- 


maximum 


ing on the lower part of flower stalks. 








WEED 




Admirable border plant. Prop, by 












seed, division, cuttings or suckers. 







172 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Rich soil. Mulch and water well. 












Pyrenees. 












Var. filiformis has thread-like pet- 












als. Hort. Var. "Triumph" has 












larger flowers about 4 in. wide, with 












broader overlapping petals. Hort. 






"White" 


SHASTA 


*Chrysnthe- 


Very large daisy-like flowers about 


I -2 ft. 


June 




DAISY 


mum 


4 in. across. Good for cutting and as 


Sun 


to 






"Shasta 


a border plant. For cultivation see 




Sept. 






Daisy" 


C. maximum. Hort. 






"White" 


TURFING 
DAISY 


'^Chrysanthe- 
mum 


A dwarf species of compact tufted 
habit, bearing a profusion of yellow- 


2-9 in. 
Sun 


June, 

July 






Tchihfitchewii 


centred flowers and finely-divided 












dark leaves. Excellent for covering 












dry barren places. Prop, by seed, 
division or cuttings. Any" soil. Siberia. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Cle"matis 


Splendid erect tufted plant. One 


2-3 ft. 


Early 




HERBA- 


re"cta 


of the best herbaceous kinds. Profu- 


Sun 


June 




CEOUS 


C. erecta 


sion of fragrant flowers in broad ter- 




to 




VIRGIN'S 




minal clusters. Prop, by seed or cut- 




mid. 




BOWER 




tings. Rich deep soil. S. Europe. 




July 








Var. lathyrifolia has Pea-leaves. 












Var. umbdlala has flowers in umbels. 






"White" 


RAMONDIA- 


Condndron 


Similar to Dodecatheon. Numer- 


6 in. 


[une, 




LIKE 


ramondioides 


ous nodding flowers, sometimes lilac 


Half 


fuly 




CONANDRON 




or purple, on erect leafless stems, dark 


shade 










green wrinkled leaves in flat tufts. 












Plant in shady part of rock garden. 












Tuberous plant. Moist soil. Japan. 






"White" 


LILY-OF- 


**Convallaria 


See page 75. 




Mid. 




THE- 


majalis 






May to 




VALLEY 








mid. 












[une 


"Green- 


DWARF 


36rnus 


See page 75 and Plate, page 175. 




May, 


ish 


CORNEL, 


Canade"nsis 






fune 


white" 


BUNCH- 












BERRY 










"White" 


HEART- 
LEAVED 


*Cra"mbe 

cordifolia 


Effective plant with dense sprays of 
small fragrant flowers rising above the 


5-7 ft. 
Sun 


fune, 
fuly 




COLEWORT 




clump of broad heart-shaped leaves. 
Suitable for bold effects. Blooms 












third year from seed and then dies. 












Rich soil. Caucasus. 






"White" 
36 in 


SMALL 
WHITE 


*Cypripedium 

candidurn. 


See page 76. 




May to 
early 


effect 


LADY'S 








lune 




SLIPPER 










"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


*Cypripedium 


See page 76. 




n 




LADY'S 


montanum 










SLIPPER OR 












MOCCASIN 












FLOWER 











173 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


SHOWY 


**Cypripe- 


One of the handsomest species. 


I-2}ft. 


June 




LADY'S 


dium 


Large flowers variegated with purple 


Half 






SLIPPER 


spectabile 


stripes. Oval leaves. Protect in 


shade or 








C. reglnce 


winter. Plant in the rock or wild 


shade 










garden. Needs to be watered during 












flowering season. Prop, by division. 












Porous moist vegetable or peaty soil. 












N. Eastern U. S. A. 






"White" 


SAND PINK 


*Dianthus 


Fragrant flowers purple at centres 


i-i*ft. 


Early 






arenarius 


with fringed petals. Excellent for 


Sun 


June 








cutting. Good for rock-garden or 




to 








front of border. Prop, by seed, divi- 




early 








sion or cuttings. Rich light soil. 




July 








Europe. ' 






"White" 


TWO- 


*Dianthus 


Solitary flowers white above and 


I -2 ft. 


June 


some- 


COLORED 


bicolor 


dull gray beneath, on leafy stems. 


Sun 




times 36 


PINK 




Border plant, also desirable for rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Rich light soil. S. Russia. 






"White" 


PINK 


**Dianthus 


See page 76. 




Late 




MISS 


"Miss 






May 




SIMKINS 


Simkins" 






to late 












June 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


**Dianthus 


These vars. are double; otherwise 


8-12 in. 


June 




WHITE 


plumarius 


they resemble the type, being fra- 


Sun 






GARDEN 


vars. alba 


grant and excellent for cutting. Good 








PINKS 


plena & 


border plants. Prop, by cuttings or 










"White 


layers. Rich light soil. Hort. 










Witch" 








"White" 


SPREADING 


*Dianthus 


Fragrant flowers with toothed pet- 


6 in. 


June, 




PINK 


squarrbsus 


als. Curved grass-like leaves. For 


Sun 


July 








border or rock-garden. Prop, best by 












seed, division or cuttings. Rich light 












soil. S. Russia. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Dice*ntra 


See page ,76. 




Late 




BLEEDING 


spectabilis 






May, 




HEART. 


var. alba 






June 






Dielytra s. 












var. a. 








"White" 


GAS 


**Dictamnus 


Erect bushy plant. Fragrant flow- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 




PLANT, 


albus 


ers in racemes surmount the glossy 


Sun or 


July 




BURNING 


D. Fraxinella 


foliage. Should not be crowded or 


half 






BUSH, 




often disturbed. Flowers last well 


shade 






FRAXI- 




when cut. Effective on margin of 








NELLA, 




shrubbery or in the border. Prop, by 








DITTANY 




seed planted when ripe, or by division. 












Re-sows itself. Moderately rich heavy 












soil. Europe; N. Asia. 






"White" 


WHITE 
FOXGLOVE 


**Digitalis 
purpiirea 
var. alba 


Usually biennial. The prettiest var. 
of D. purpurea. Tubular flowers 
droop from tall flower stalks. Foliage 


2-3 ft. 
Sun or 
half 


June, 
early 
July 






D. tomentbsa 


in clumps at the base. Stately and 


shade 








var. alba 


effective whether grouped among 












shrubs, in the wild garden, in the bor- 












der, or naturalized in masses. If cut 







174 





BUNCH BERRY. Cornus Canadensis. 



175 





176 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








down it will keep on flowering some- 












what through the summer. Prop, by 












seed and division. Rich light soil 












preferable. See Plate, page 176. 






"Pur- 
plish 
white" 


FULLER'S 
TEASEL 


Dipsacus 
Fulldnum 


Biennial or perennial. Coarse-grow- 
ing plant of curious habit with prickly 
heads. Handsome foliage. Wild gar- 


4-6 ft. 

Sun 


June, 
July 








den. Prop, by seed. Any ordinary 












soil. Europe. 






"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


*Dras 


See page 76. 




May, 




AVENS 


octope"tala 






June 


"White" 


WHITE 
GREAT 
WILLOW 


*Epil6bium 
angusti- 
fblium 


Dense bushy plant. Flowers in 
spikes. Good for cutting. Foliage 
like that of the Willow. Plant with 


3-5 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 
early 




HERB OR 


var. album 


rough shrubbery or beside water. 




Aug. 




FIRE WEED 


E. spicatum 


Prop, by seed or division. Any ordi- 










var. album 


nary soil. N. Amer. 






"Green- 


MOTTLED 


Epipactis 


Vigorous Orchid. Five to ten flow- 


i -4 ft. 


June, 


ish 
white" 


SWAMP- 
ORCHIS, 


Royleana 

E. gigantta 


ers, with deep purple veins; lip 
tinged with orange or yellow. Sword- 


Half 
shade 


July 




FALSE 




shaped leaves. Moist soil in sheltered 








LADY'S 




position. Western U. S. A.; Hima- 








SLIPPER 




layas. 






"White" 


HIMA- 
LAYAN 


*Eremurus 
Himalaicus 


Very striking plant. Star-shaped 
flowers in dense spikes 2 ft. long, on 


4-8 ft. 
Sun 


M 




EREMURUS 




stems which rise above the clump of 












long leaves. Protect crowns in win- 












ter and in spring. Group in sheltered 












situation. Prop, by division. Deep 












rich sandy loam. Himalayas. 






"White" 


HORSE- 


Erigeron 


Aster-like flowers in panicles borne 


i -4 ft. 


June 




WEED, 


Canade*nsis 


in profusion. Mass in the wild garden. 


Sun 


to 




BUTTER- 




Prop, by seed or division. Any gar- 




Sept. 




WEED 




den soil. Central N. Amer. 






"White" 


LARGE 


*Erigeron 


See page 77. 




Late 




WHITE 


Coulter! 






May 




MOUNTAIN 








to late 




DAISY 








June 


"Yellow- 


RUNNING 


*Erigeron 


See page 77. 




Mid. 


ish 


FLEABANE 


flagellaris 






May 


white" 










to late 












June 


"White" 


LAVENDER 


Erigeron 


Aster-like flowers, usually solitary, 


i-i^ft. 


June 




MOUNTAIN 


salsugindsus 


on somewhat sticky stems. Color 


Sun 






DAISY 


Aster 


varies to lilac. Plant in masses. 










salsugindsus 


Prop, by seed or division. Any gar- 
den soil. Sierras. 






"White" 


RATTLE- 


Er^ngium 


Curious and striking plant. Thistle- 


2-6 ft. 


June 




SNAKE- 


aquaticum 


like flowers on bright steel-blue stems. 


Sun 


to 




MASTER, 


E. yuccce- 


Long and narrow bristly leaves. Win- 




Oct, 




BUTTON 


fbliurn 


ter protection necessary. Effective in 








SNAKE- 




borders. Prop, best by seed. Either 








ROOT 




dry or moist soil. U. S. A. 







177 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Galega 


Bushy plant with pea-shaped flow- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 




GOAT'S 


officinalis 


ers in compact racemes, with graceful 


Sun or 


July 




RUE 


var. alba 


luxuriant foliage. Good for cutting. 


half 








G. Persica 


Plant groups in border or wild garden. 


shade 










Prop, by seed and division. Any good 












soil. Europe. 






"White" 


NORTHERN 


Salium 


Tiny flowers in small clusters. 


6- 1 8 in. 


Early 




BEDSTRAW 


boreale 


Showy leaves in regular whorls. Rock- 


Half 


June 






G. septen- 


garden or border. Prop, by division. 


shade 


to mid. 






trionale 


U. S. A. 




July 


"White" 


WHITE OR 


Saliurn 


Small clusters of tiny blossoms re- 


. -3 ft. 


Early 




GREAT 


Mollugo 


sembling Gypsophila. Good for cut- 


Half 


June 




HEDGE 




ting. Leaves in regular whorls of six 


shade 


to late 




BEDSTRAW, 




to eight. Rock-garden. Prop, by 




Aug. 




WILD 




seed and division. Any good soil. 








MADDER 




Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Geranium 


See page 77. 




Late 




BLOOD 


sanguineum 






May to 




CRANES- 


var. album 






mid. 




BILL 








July 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Geum 


See page 77. 




Late 


often 


WATER 


rivale 






May, 


near 41 


AVENS OR 


var. album 






June 




WATER 












FLOWER 










"White" 


AMERICAN 
IPECAC 


*Gillenia 
stipulacea 


Charming graceful plant resem- 
bling Spiraea. Flowers small in clus- 


,- 4 ft. 
Sun 


June, 
early 






Porterdnthus 


ters. Foliage deeply divided. Plant 




July 






stipulatus 


in border, shrubbery or wild garden, 












grouped with Lilies or Irises. Prop. 












by seed and division. Any garden 












soil. N. Amer. 






"White" 


BOWMAN'S 


*Gillenia 


Grows wild in rich woods. Closely 


2-4 ft. 


i 




ROOT, 


trifoliata 


resembles G. stipulacea, but is rather 


Half 






INDIAN 


Porterdnthus 


taller and less compact in habit. For 


shade 






PHYSIC 


trifoliatus 


cultivation and location see G. stipu- 












lacea. N. Amer. 






"White" 


ELEGANT 


*Gyps6phila 


A dainty though ineffective plant. 


i ft. 


June, 




CHALK- 


elegans 


Flowers sometimes pink, grow in 


Sun 


July 




PLANT 




dense panicles. Foliage inconspicu- 












ous. Sprays good for cutting. Rock- 
garden. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Dry soil. Asia Minor. 






"White" 


STEVEN'S 


*Gyps6phila 


Flowers larger and in smaller pani- 


1-2 ft. 


June, 




CHALK- 


Steveni 


cles than G. paniculata. Foliage gray- 


Sun 


early 




PLANT 


G. glauca 


ish green. Border or rock-garden. 




July 








Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Fairly dry garden soil. Caucasus. 






"White" 


UMBEL- 
FLOWERED 


Helianthe- 

mum 


Shrubby evergreen plant. Flowers 
in whorls or umbels. Foliage some- 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 
July 




SUN ROSE 


umbellatum 


what sticky, when young, forming a 












spreading mat. Protect in winter. 












Rock-garden or border. Prop, by seed 












or cuttings, but generally by division. 












Any ordinary soil. Europe. 







,78 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


DOUBLE 
WHITE 


*He*speris 
matronalis 


Showy spikes of double fragrant 
flowers, borne in profusion. Good to 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


June, 

July 




SWEET 
ROCKET 


var. 
alba plena 


cut. Border or rock-garden. Prop, 
by seed or division. Rich rather 












moist soil. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 
CORAL 


Heuchera 
sanguinea 


Not so noticeable as the type. 
Rather inconspicuous flower-panicles 


i-iHt. 
Sun or 


June 
to late 




BELLS 


var. alba 


rise from a clump of handsome pale 


half 


Sept. 






H. diba 


foliage. Good for cutting. Mass in 


shade 










wild garden, rock-garden or among 












shrubs. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. Hort. 






"Whit- 


HAIRY 


Heuchera 


Small inconspicuous flowers in loose 


i -3 ft. 


Late 


ish" 


ALUM 


vU16sa 


panicles on an almost leafless stalk. 


Sun 


June 


faintly 32 


ROOT 


H. caulescens 


Worth growing for its foliage, which 




to 








lasts long when cut. Border or rock- 




Sept. 








garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Ordinary garden soil. Md. to Ga. and 












West. ' 






"Yellow- 


ALPINE 


*Hutchinsia 


See page 77. 




May, 


ish 


HUTCH- 


alpina 






June 


white" 


INSIA 










"Cream 


BROAD- 


Hydroph^l- 


Grows wild in rich woods. Bell- 


i ft. 


June, 


white" 


LEAVED 
WATER- 


lum 
Canade*nse 


shaped flowers, sometimes slightly 
greenish or purplish, in dense clusters. 


Half 
shade 


July 




LEAF 




Leaves palmately divided. Good un- 


or shade 










der shrubbery, succeeding remarkably 
well in shade. Separate occasionally. 












Prop, by seed and division. Fairly 












moist soil. N. Amer. 






"White" 


GARREX'S 


*Iberis 


See page 78. 




May, 




CANDYTUFT 


Garrexiana 






June 


"White" 


ROCK 


*Iberis 


See page 78. 




May, 




CANDYTUFT 


saxatilis 






early 












June 


"White" 


LEATHERY- 


*Iberis 


See page 78. 




May, 




LEAVED 


saxatilis 






June 




ROCK 


var. corif 61ia 










CANDYTUFT 


/. cori folia 








"White" 


EVER- 


**Iberis 


See page 78. 




May. 




GREEN 


sempe"rvirens 






early 




CANDYTUFT 








June 


"White" 


TENORE'S 


**Iberis 


See page 78. 









CANDYTUFT 


Tenoreana 








"White" 


FLOREN- 


**Iris 


See page 78. 




M 




TINE FLAG, 


Florentina 










ORRIS ROOT 










"White" 


WHITE 


**Iris 


See page 81. 




Late 




SIBERIAN 


Sibirica 






May to 




FLAG 


var. alba 






mid. 












June 


"White" 


WHITE 


Lamlum. 


See page 81. 




Mid. 




VARIE- 


maculatum 






May 




GATED 


var. album 






to late 




NETTLE 


L. album 






July 



179 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


MADONNA 


**Lflium 


One of the most familiar and de- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 




LILY 


candidum 


servedly popular species, though sub- 
ject to disease. Lovely fragrant flow- 


Sun or 
half 


July 








ers in clusters crown an erect leafy 


shade 










stalk. Very effective in small clumps 












against a dark background of shrubs, 












in borders, or when edging paths and 












beds of shrubs, Rhododendrons in par- 












ticular. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, 












scales or very slowly by seed. Rich 












well-drained soil. Avoid contact with 












manure. S. Europe. See Plate, page 












181. 






"White" 


NEVADA OR 


*Lflium 


Lovely fragrant flowers, dotted with 


2-5 ft. 


June 




WASHING- 


Washing- 


purple and often tinged with pink or 


Sun or 






TON LILY 


"onikQum 


lilac, grow in elongated racemes. Ex- 


half 










cellent in clumps against background 


shade 










in border. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, 












scales or very slowly by seed. Light 
well-drained soil. Avoid contact with 












manure. Cal. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Linum 


See page 81. 




Mid. 




PERENNIAL 


pere*nne 






May to 




FLAX 


var. album 






Aug. 


"White" 


WHITE 
MANY- 


**Luplnus 
polyphyllus 


Pea-shaped flowers in long spikes 
rise above the handsome clump of 


2-5 ft. 
Sun 


June, 
July 




LEAVED 


var. albifldrus 


satiny palmate leaves. Effective for 








LUPINE 


L. p. var. 


border and naturalizing. Prop, by 










dlbus, 


seed and division. Any garden soil. 










L. grandi- 


Cal. See Plate, page 182. 










florus 












var. dlbus 








"White" 


SINGLE & 


**Lchnis 


Var. alba plena much superior to 


2-3 ft. 


June 




DOUBLE 


Chalced6nica 


the single var. Clusters of double 


Sun 


to 




WHITE 


vars. alba & 


flowers on leafy stalks. Excellent in 




early 




MALTESE 


alba plena 


the border. Prop, in spring by seed 




Aug. 




CROSS 




and division. Rich sandy loam. Var. 












alba, a less effective species. Russia. 






"White" 


WHITE 
MULLEIN 


*Lchnis 
coronaria 


Woolly plant with striking mullein- 
like foliage. Solitary flowers termi- 


1-2$ ft. 

Sun 


June, 
July 




PINK OR 


var. alba 


nate spikes of pale silvery leaves. 








DUSTY 




Border. Prop, in spring by seed and 








MILLER 




division. Any good soil. Europe. 






"White" 


SIEBOLD'S 


*Lchnis 


Tender. Very large flowers gener- 


i-iHt. 







LYCHNIS 


coronata 


ally borne in loose panicles. Foliage 


Sun or 








var. Sieboldii 


downy. Showy in the border. Pro- 


half 








L. Sieboldii, 


tect slightly in winter. Prop, in 


shade 








L. fulgens, 
var. Sieboldii 


spring by seed and division. Light 
rich soil. Japan; China. 






"White" 


JAPANESE 
LOOSE- 


**Lysimachia 

clethroides 


Graceful plant with long nodding 
spikes of starry flowers. Good for 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
June 




STRIFE 




cutting. Foliage when dying varies in 
tint. Good in the border. Prop, by 




to late 
July 








seed and division. Any ordinary soil. 












Japan. 







180 




MADONNA LILY. Lilium candidnm. 



181 




1 82 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


DOUBLE 
SCENTLESS 


*Matricaria 
inoddra var. 


Creeping plant growing freely in 
dense masses. Chrysanthemum-like 


i2-i8in. 
Sun 


June 
to 




CAMOMILE 


plenissima 


flowers, numerous and good for cut- 




Sept. 






M. i. var. 


ting. Finely divided feathery foliage. 










ligulosa, var. 


Good carpeting for border. Prop, by 










multiplex, 


division and cuttings. Any garden 










M. grandi- 


soil. Hort. 










flora, 












Cbrysdnthe- 












mum inodo- 












rum var. 












fldre-pleno 








"Yellow- 
ish 


BALM 


Melissa 
officinalis 


Grown for its fragrance. Flowers in 
clusters. Good for naturalization. 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 


white" 






Var. variegata is used for edging. 
Prop, by seed and division. Warm 




early 
Aug. 








soil. S. Europe. 






"Whit- 
ish" 


VARIE- 
GATED 


Me*ntha 
rotundifdlia 


Leaves variegated with pale yellow. 
Flowers unimportant. Ornamental 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 

July 




ROUND- 


var. variegata 


foliage its chief attraction. Useful for 








LEAVED 




edging and for covering waste places. 








MINT 




Prop, by division. Moist peaty soil. 












S. Europe. 






"White" 


PARTRIDGE 
BERRY, 
SQUAW- 
BERRY 


Mitche*lla 
repens 


Familiar little trailing evergreen. 
The tiny funnel-shaped flowers, borne 
in pairs, are less conspicuous than the 
succeeding bright red berries. Foliage 


2-3 in. 
Half 
shade 


June 








glossy and pretty. Charming carpet- 
ing for rock-garden. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Sandy peaty soil. Eastern N. 












Amer. See Plates, page 185. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Myos6tis 


See page 81. 




Mav, 




WOOD FOR- 


sylvatica 






early 




GET-ME- 
NOT 


var. alba 






June 


"White" 


STEMLESS 


*(Enothera 


See page 82. 




Late 


turns 


EVENING 


acaulis 






May to 


to 36 


PRIMROSE 


(E. Tarax- 






Aug. 






acifolia 








"White" 


TUFTED 


*CEnothera 


See page 82. 




Late 




EVENING 


csespitbsa 






May, 




PRIMROSE 


CE. eximea, 






June 






(E. mar gin at a 








"White" 


COMMON 
STAR-OF- 


Ornith6galum 

umbellatum 


See page 85. 




VI ay, 
fune 




BETHLE- 












HEM, TEN- 












O'CLOCK 










"White" 


ALLE- 


Pachysdndra 


See page 85. 




Late 




GHANY 


prociimbens 






May, 




MOUNTAIN 








early 




SPURGE 








fune 



183 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



v Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


JAPANESE 
EVER- 


Pachysandra 

terminalis 


See page 85. 




Late 

May to 




GREEN 








mid. 




PACHY- 








June 




SANDRA OR 












SPURGE 










"White" 


HERBA- 


**Paebnia 


See color "various," page 268. 




June 




CEOUS 


vars. 










PEONY 










"White" 


WHITE- 


**Paebnia 


See page 85. 




Late 




FLOWERED 


albiflbra 






May, 




PEONY 


P. edulis 






June 


"White" 


POPPY- 


Paebnia 


See page 85. 




Mid. 




FLOWERED 


Mout&n var. 






May to 




TREE 


papaveracea 






mid. 




PEONY 


P. arbbrea 






June 






var. p. 








"White" 


STRIPED 


Psebnia 


See page 85. 




{< 




TREE 


Moutn var. 










PEONY 


vittata 












P. arborea 












var. v. 








"White" 


COMMON 


Paebnia 


See page 86. 




M 




DOUBLE 


officinalis 










WHITE 


var. 










PEONY 


alba plena 








"White" 


ALPINE 


**Papaver 


See page 86. 




Mid. 




POPPY 


alpinum 






May to 












early 












June 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Papaver 


See page 19. 




Late 




ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 




POPPY 


var. album 






mid. 












Tune, 












late 












Aug., 












Sept. 


"Silvery 
white" 


ORIENTAL 
POPPY 


**Papaver 
orientale 


Low-growing var., with pale silvery 
pink flowers and handsome foliage, 


3-3* ft. 
Sun 


Early 
June 




SILVER 


"Silver 


which dies in middle of summer. Ex- 




to 




QUEEN 


Queen" 


cellent for border if supplemented by 
other later blooming plants. Prop. 




early 
July 








by seed or division after flowering. 
Hort. 






"White" 


AMERICAN 


Parthenium 


Numerous heads of flowers which 


3-4 ft. 


June 




FEVERFEW, 
PRAIRIE 


integrifblium 


last a long time in good condition. 
Large foliage at base of plant. Good 


Sun 


to 
Sept. 




DOCK 




for margin of shrubbery. N. Amer. 






"White" 


DOWNY 


Patrmia 


See page 86. 




May, 


1 


PATRINIA 


villbsa 






June 


"White" 


HARMALA 


Peganum 


Uncommon and low-branching. 


6-8 in. 


June, 




RUE 


Harmala 


Flowers fairly large, veined with 


Sun 


July 








green. Rock-garden. Prop, by root 












division. Light soil. Europe. 







184 





PARTRIDGE BERRY. Mitchella repens. 



I8 5 




OF "HE 

UNIVERSITY 




i86 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


FOXGLOVE 
BEARD- 


**Pentstemon 
laevigatus 


Erect free-growing and slender 
plant. Tube-shaped flowers marked 


3-4 ft. 
Sun 


Early 
June 




TONGUE 


var. Digitalis 
P. Digitalis 


with purple, about i in. long, grow in 
long loose clusters. Protect in winter. 




to 
mid. 








Good border plant. Prop, by seed 




July 








and division. Any good garden soil. 












U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 
BALLOON 


**Platycodon 
grandifl6rum 


Sturdy bushy plant. Showy open 
bell-shaped flowers 2-3 in. across, 


1-3 ft. 

Sun or 


June 
to Oct. 




FLOWER 


var. album 


very numerous at the summit of erect 


half 








Campanula g. 


leafy stalks. Very useful border 


shade 








var. alba, 


plant. Prop, in the spring by seed or 










W ablenber gia 


division. Well-drained loamy soil. 










g. var. d. 


China; Japan. 






"White" 


HIMA- 


*Podophyl- 


See page 86. 




Late 




LAYAN 


ium Emodi 






May, 




MAY APPLE 








June 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Polem6nium 


See page 89. 




Mid. 




JACOB'S 


cseruleum 






May to 




LADDER OR 


var. album 






July 




CHARITY 










"Green- 


GREAT OR 


Polygonatum 


See page 89. 




Late 


ish 


SMOOTH 


giganteum 






May, 


white" 


SOLOMON'S 


P. commuta- 






June 




SEAL 


tum 








"White" 


SOLOMON'S 


Polygonatum 


See page 89 and Plate, page 186. 




Late 




SEAL 


multiflorum 






May, 












early 












June 


"White" 


THREE- 


Potentflla 


See page 89. 









TOOTHED 


tridentata 










CINQUE- 












FOIL 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Primula 


White var. very similar to the type. 


I -2 ft. 


June, 




JAPANESE 


[aponica 


Excellent for border, wild or rock- 


Shade 


July 




PRIMROSE 


var. alba 


arden. Prop, generally by seed. 












oil moist and deep. Hort. 






"White" 


ROUND- 


P^rola 


Wild evergreen, common in damp 


6-12 in. 


cc 




LEAVED 


rotundifblia. 


or sandy woods, difficult to cultivate. 


Shade 






WINTER- 




Resembles Lily-of-the-Valley. Fra- 








GREEN, 
INDIAN 




grant flowers, sometimes pink, borne 
in racemes, rise on erect stems from 








LETTUCE 




tufts of round leathery leaves. Bog 












or rock-garden or under shade of 












evergreens. Prop, by division. Peaty 












soil. Eastern U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Ram6nda 


See page 89. 




Mid. 




ROSETTE 


Pyrenaka 






Way to 




MULLEIN 


var. alba 






[uly 


"White" 


ACONITE- 


*Rantinculus 


See page 89. 




" 




LEAVED 


aconitifolius 










BUTTERCUP 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Ranunculus 


See page 89. 




May, 




BUTTERCUP 


amplexicaulis 






early 




OR 








fune 




CROWFOOT 











187 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green" 


PYRENEAN 
MIGNON- 


Reseda 
glauca 


Spreading plant with spikes of small 
flowers and somewhat shiny leaves. 


10-12 in. 
Sun 


June, 

July 




ETTE 




Margin of border or elevated position 
in rock-garden. Flourishes in dry 












soil. Pyrenees. 






"White" 


RODGER'S 
BRONZE- 


RodgeYsia 

podophylla 


Rather inconspicuous plumy pani- 
cles of small flowers. Strikingly large 


3-4 ft. 
Sun 


June, 
early 




LEAF 




leaves somewhat bronze-colored cut 




July 








into five divisions. Prop, by cuttings. 












Peaty soil. Japan. 






"White" 


SILVERY 


*Salvia 


Noteworthy for its silvery foliage. 


2-4 ft. 


a 




CLARY, 


arge'ntea 


Irregular downy tubular flowers. 


Sun 






SILVER- 




Leaves woolly. Prop, by seed in 








LEAVED 




spring. Deep rich well-drained soil. 








SAGE 




S. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Sdlvia 


Flowers I in. long clustered in 


2-3 ft. 







MEADOW 


prate"nsis 


whorls. Leaves heart-shaped and 


Sun 






SAGE 


var. alba 


wrinkled. Border or wild garden. 












Prop, by seed. Good garden soil. 












Europe. 






"Whit- 


CANADIAN 


Sanguis6rba 


Wild herb, seldom cultivated. Flow- 


5-6 ft. 


Mid. 


ish" 


OR WILD 


Canade"nsis 


ers in round heads about 4 in. wide. 


Sun 


June 




BURNET 




Small leaves in profusion. Border. 




to late 








Prop, by seed. Any soil, preferably 




July 








poor. Western U. S. A. 






"Green- 


BURNET 


Sanguis6rba 


Round or elongated flower heads 


i-2*ft. 


Late 


ish" 




minor 


terminate tall stems. Border. Prop. 


Sun or 


June 






Poterium 
Sanguisdrha 


by seed. Any soil, preferably poor. 
Europe; Asia. 


half 
shade 


to mid. 
July 


"Cream 


LIVELONG 


*Saxifraga 


Small flowers in clusters surmount 


6-1 5 in. 


June 


white" 


SAXIFRAGE 


Aiz&on 


a tall stalk rising from a rosette of 


Sun or 






OR 


S. rosularis, 


silvery leaves. Foliage striking. 


shade 






ROCKFOIL 


S. recta 


Rock-garden and edge of border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Light 












well-drained soil. Europe; N. Amer. 






"White" 


ANDREW'S 


*Saxifraga 


See page 90, 




Late 




SAXIFRAGE 


Andrews!! 






May, 












June 


"White" 


PYRAMIDAL 
COTYLEDON 


*Saxifraga 
Cotyledon 


A vigorous var.: numerous flowers 
in pyramidal panicles rise on a tall 


1-2 ft. 

Sun or 


June, 
July 




SAXIFRAGE 


var. 


stalk far above a pretty rosette of 


shade 








pyramidalis 


silvery leaves. Rock-garden. Pro- 












tect with leaves in winter. Prop, by 












seed and division. Mts., Europe. 






"White" 


UMBRELLA 


*Saxffraga 


See page 90, 




Late 


or 25 


PLANT 


peltata 






May, 


pale 










early 












[une 


"Dull 


EARLY 


Saxifraga 


See page 20. 




Apr. 


white" 


SAXIFRAGE 


Virginie*nsis 






to late 












[une 



188 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 
CAUCASIAN 


*Scabi6sa 

Caucasica 


Free blooming vigorous plant. 
Flowers in flat heads on long slender 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 

July 




SCABIOUS 


var. alba 


stems. Good for cutting. Sparse 












grayish foliage. Border or picking 












garden. Protect in winter. Prop, by 












seed and division. Fairly good garden 












soil. Hort. 






"White" 


WHITE 
WOODLAND 


*Scabi6sa 
sylvdtica 


Thick bushy plant with large 
leaves. The flowers are produced 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


Early 
June 




SCABIOUS 


var. albifl6ra 


singly on long stems and are useful for 




to late 








cutting. Prop, by seed. Grows well 




Sept. 








in any ordinary garden soil. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Scffla 


See page 90. 




May, 




WOOD 


festalis 






early 




HYACINTH 


var. alba 






June 






S, nutans 












var. dlba 








"White" 


WHITE 


**Scilla 


See page 90. 




Late 




SPANISH 


Hispanica 






May, 




OR BELL- 


var. alba 






June 




FLOWERED 












SQUILL, 












WHITE 




, * 








SPANISH 












JACINTH 










"White" 


MONRE- 


Sedum 


Small flowers. Leaves cross- 


6 in. 


June, 




GALENSIS 
STONECROP 


Monregale*nse 
5. crucidtum 


shaped. Good for rock-garden or 
front of border. Corsica; N. Italy. 


Sun 


July 


"Green- 
ish" 


ROSEROOT, 
ROSEWORT 


Sedum 
rdseum 


Flowers, sometimes tinged with red, 
in small flat clusters. Foliage sparse. 


6-8 in. 
Sun 


M 






5. Rbodlola 


Root aromatic. Rock-garden or edg- 












ing. Prop, by seed and offsets. 












Sandy soil. Europe; Asia; N. Amer. 






"White" 


AMERICAN 


*Sedum 


Excellent foliage. Flowers in close 


6-12 in. 


June 




ORPINE 


telephoides 


clusters. Glossy green leaves in dense 


Sun 










rosettes. Good to naturalize in dry 












rocky places. Prop, by seed and off- 












sets. S. Alleghanies. 






"White" 


GALAX- 


Shdrtia 


See page 90. 




May, 




LEAVED 


galacifdlia 






June 




SHORTIA 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Sidalcea 


Erect somewhat branching plant. 


2-3 ft. 


June 




SIDALCEA 


Candida 


Flowers i in. wide in tall spikes, like 


Sun 










racemes. Blooms profusely. Border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any gar- 












den soil. Rocky Mts. 






"White" 


ALPINE 


Silene 


See page 90. 




May, 




CATCHFLY 


alp6stris 






June 


"White" 


CAUCASIAN 


*Silene 


See page 93- 




Late 




CATCHFLY 


Caucasica 






May, 












June 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


*Silene 


Rambling trailer. Double flowers 


6-8 in. 


June, 




SEASIDE 


maritima 


larger than the type, but few on a 


Sun 


July 




CATCHFLY 


var. flore- 


stem. Border, rock-garden or edging. 










pleno 


Prop, by cuttings. 







,89 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Cream 


FALSE 


*Smilacina 


See page 93 and Plate, page 191. 




May, 


white" 


SOLOMON'S 


racemosa 






June 




SEAL 






\ 




"White" 


GOAT'S 


**Spirsea 


Erect branching herb growing wild 


3-5 ft. 


June, 




BEARD 


Aruncus 


in rich woods. Abundant flowers in 


Sun or 


early 






Aruncus 


plumy panicles. Handsome com- 


shade 


July 






Sylvester 


pound foliage, invaluable for rough 












places and grouped with foliage plants. 
Prop, by division. Any soil. N. 












Europe; Asia; N. Amer. 






"Creamy 


ASTILBE- 


**Spirsea 


Not so tall as S. Aruncus and of 


2ft. 





white" 


LIKE 


ristiiboides 


neater habit. Flowers in graceful 


Sun or 






MEADOW 


S. Aruncus 


plumes. Foliage compound, dark, 


half 






SWEET 


var. a., 
Aruncus a., 


glossy and exceedingly decorative. 
Effective in border or as a high edg- 


shade 








Astilbc a., 


ing. Prop, by seed and division. 










A. Japbnica 


Garden soil preferably moist. Japan. 












Var. ftoribunda; vigorous; flowers 












profusely. 






"Creamy 
white" 


FINGERED 
SPIR^A 


*Spirsea 
digitata 


Closely related to S. palmata. 
Flowers in broad feathery clusters 


i -3 ft. 
Half 


Early 
June 








on erect stems. Tufted root leaves, 


shade 


to 








much divided. Charming for border 




early 








or water-side. Prop, by seed and divi- 




July 








sion. Fairly rich moist soil. E.Siberia. 






"Yellow- 


DROPWORT 


*Spir8ea 


Tufted plant. Tiny fragrant flow- 


I-2*ft. 


June, 


ish 




Filipe"ndula 


ers often tipped with red, grow in 


Sun 


early 


white" 




Filipendula 


loose irregular clusters. Fern-like 




July 






hexapetala, 
Ulmaria 


foliage. Border or for edging beds of 
shrubs. Prop, by division. Rather 










Filipendula 


dry soil. Europe; Asia. 












Var. ftore-pleno, flowers double. 






"Muddy 
white" 


WHITE 
PALMATE- 


*Spirsea 
palmata 


Broad clusters of feathery flowers 
borne on erect stems. Tufted root- 


1-3 ft. 
Half 


Late 
June, 




LEAVED 


var. alba 


leaves, lighter green than the type, 


shade 


July 




MEADOW 




palmately divided. Charming for 








SWEET 




border or water side. Prop, by seed 












and division. Fairly rich moist soil. 












Japan. 






"Cream 


ENGLISH 


*Spiraba 


Less beautiful than many other 


2-4 ft. 


June, 


white" 


MEADOW 


Ulmaria 


Spiraeas. Fragrant flowers in thick 


Half 


July 




SWEET, 
MEADOW 


Filipendula 
Ulmaria, 


clusters. Leaves sometimes silvery 
and hairy beneath. Good for rough 


shade 






QUEEN, 


Ulmaria 


places. Prop, by seed and division. 








HONEY 


pentapetala 


Moist rich soil. Europe; W. Asia. 








SWEET 


U. palustris 


Var. aurea variegata; (color no. 2), 












foliage variegated with creamy yel- 












low; decorative. Var. flore-pleno, 












double flowers. 






"White" 


EASTER 


*Stellaria 


See page 93. 




Mid. 




BELL, 


Holostea 






May to 




GREATER 


Alsine 






mid. 




STITCH- 


Holostla 






June 




WORT OR 












STARWORT, 












ADDER'S 












MEAT 











IQO 




FALSE SOLOMON'S SEAL. Smilacina re 




'KITE BIRD'S-FOOT VIOLET. Viola pedaea V ar. alba. CANADA VIOLET. Viola Canadensis. 



191 



OF "Mr. 




192 



ADAM'S NEEDLE. Yucca filamentosa. 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Creamy 


COMMON 


Symphytum 


See page 93. 




Late 


white" 


COMFREY 


officinale 






May to 


often 37 










mid. 












July 


"White" 


FEATH- 


*Thalictrum 


See page 93. 




M 




ERED 
COLUM- 


aquilegi- 
folium 










BINE 










"White" 


PURPLISH 


Thalictrum 


See page 93. 




Mid. 




MEADOW 


purpurascens 






May to 




RUE 


T. purpureum 






July 






(Hort.) 








"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


Thlaspi 


See page 93. 




May, 




BROOM- 


alpe"stre 






June 




WORT 










"White" 


MOUNTAIN 
WILD 


Thymus 
Serpyllum 


Creeping evergreen with longer 
branches than the type. Tiny flowers 


1-2 in. 
Sun 


Early 
June 




THYME 


var. 


in clusters. Leaves small and rather 




to 






montanus 


woolly. Useful for covering bare 




mid. 






T. montanus, 


places and in rock-garden. Prop, by 




Aug. 






T. Cbatn- 


division, occasionally by seed. Eu- 










adrys 


rope. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Tradescantia 


See page 94. 




Late 




SPIDER- 


Virginiana 






May 




WORT 


var. alba 






to late 












Aug. 


"Yellow- 


HUNGARIAN 


Trifblium 


Effective herb. Terminal flowers on 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


ish 


CLOVER 


Pann6nicum 


unbranching stems. Clover-like foli- 


Sun 


June 


white" 
2 






age. Border. Prop, by seed and divi- 
sion. Any soil. Europe; Asia. 




to mid. 

July 


"White" 


NODDING 


Trfllium 


See page 20. 




Late 




WAKE- 


c^rnuum 






Apr. to 




ROBIN 








early 












June 


"White" 


WHITE 


"Trillium 


See page 20. 









ILL- 


ere*ctum 










SCENTED 


var. album 










WAKE- 












ROBIN 










"White" 


LARGE- 


**Trfllium 


See page 94. 




May to 


turns to 


FLOWERED 


grandiflbrum 






early 


36 


WAKE- 








June 




ROBIN 










"White" 


AMERICAN 


*Vancouveria 


See page 94. 




May, 




BARREN- 


icxandra 






June 




WORT 


Epimedium h. 








"White" 


WHITE 
SPIKE- 
FLOWERED 


**Ver6nica 
spicata 
var. alba 


Dense spikes of free-blooming long- 
continuing flowers. Excellent in bor- 
der. Prop, by division. Garden soil. 


2-2* ft. 

Sun 


Early 
June, 
July 




SPEEDWELL 




Europe; Asia. 






"White" 


CANADA 


Viola 


See page 23 and Plate, page 191. 




Late 


tinged 


VIOLET 


Canade*nsis 






Apr. to 


with 43 










mid. 












June 



193 



WHITE TO GREENISH, YELLOW JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Viola 


See page 23. 




Late 




HORNED 


cornuta 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


var. alba 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"White" 


WHITE 


Viola pedata 


See page 95 and Plate, page 191. 




May, 




BIRD'S- 


var. alba 






June 




FOOT 












VIOLET 










"Yellow- 


TURKEY'S 


Xeroph^llum 


See page 95. 







ish 


BEARD 


setifdlium 








white" 




X. asphode- 








2 




loides 








"Creamy 


ADAM'S 


**Yticca 


Of tropical appearance. Large 


6ft. 


June, 


white" 


NEEDLE, 


filamentosa 


pendent bell-shaped flowers are clus- 


Sun 


July 


2 greener 


BEAR OR 




tered thickly on a branching stalk 








SILK 




which rises high above a large clump 








GRASS, 




of sword-like foliage. Effective and 








THREADY 




beautiful grouped against a dark back- 








YUCCA 




ground in the border or shrubbery. 












Resists drought. Prop, by division of 












root-stock. Light well-drained soil 












preferred. U. S. A. See Plate, page 












192. 












Var. filamentosa bicolor, foliage 












striped with white. 






"Yellow" 


WOOLLY- 


*Achillea 


See page 96. 




Late 


5 


LEAVED 


tomentosa 






May to 




MILFOIL 








mid. 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 
4 pale 


PYRENEAN 
MONKS- 


Aconitum 
Anthbra 


Helmet-shaped flowers, fairly large 
in racemes. Leaves deeply divided, 


I -2 ft. 

Sun or 


June, 
July 




HOOD 


A. Pyrenal- 


smooth above, hairy beneath. Root 


half 








cum 


poisonous. Border plant. Prop, by 


shade 










seed or division. Rich soil preferable. 












S. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


PIGMY 


Actine-lla 


Very downy plant somewhat 


6-12 in. 


June, 


4 


SUN- 


^randiflora 


branching. Flower heads 3 in. across. 


Sun 


early 




FLOWER 




Pretty for rock-garden. P ro P- by 




July 








seed or division. Light soil. Col. 






"Yellow" 


SILVERY 


Al^ssum 


Compact dwarf plant. Flowers in 


12-15 in. 


June 


6 


MADWORT 


arge"ntium 


dense clusters. Leaves small and 


Sun 


:o 






A. alpestre 


white beneath. Rock-garden and 




early 








border. Prop, by seed, division and 




Aug. 








cuttings. Any well-drained garden 








* 




soil. Europe. 






"Yellow" 
4 


BEAKED 
MADWORT 


Alyssum 
rostratum 


Alpine plant of compact habit. 
Flowers in dense heads. Foliage 


12-15 i n - 
Sun 


Early 
[une 






A. Wieri- 
bickii 


hairy. Good rock-plant. Prop, by 
seed, division and cuttings. Any well- 




:o 
early 








drained garden soil. Asia Minor. 




Aug. 


"Yellow" 
5 


GOLDEN 
MARGUE- 


*Anthemis 
e"lwayi 


Dense bushy plant with a very long 
blooming season. Daisy-like flowers 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
[une 




RITE 


A. tinctoria 


of a richer yellow than A. tinctoria 




o 






var. Kelwayi 


with more finely cut foliage. Good for 




Oct. 








cutting and for the border. Prop. 












by seed or division. Any soil. Hort. 







194 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


*Anthemis 


See page 96. 




Mid. 


2, centre 


MARGUE- 


tinctdria 






May to 


6 


RITE, ROCK 




. 




Oct. 




CAMOMILE 










"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Aquilegia 


See page 24. 




Late 


2 


CANADIAN 


Canade~nsis 






Apr. to 




COLUMBINE 


var. flavifldra 






early 






A. C. var. 






July 






flavescens, A. 












cceridea var. f. 








"Yellow" 


GOLDEN- 


**Aquilegia 


See page 96. 




Late 


3 &2 


SPURRED 


chrysantha 






May 




COLUMBINE 


A. leptoceras 






to late 






var. c. 






Aug. 


"Yellow" 


TRUE 


*Asphodeline 


The Asphodel of the ancients. Flow- 


2-4 ft. 


June, 


4 


ASPHODEL, 
KING'S 


lutea 

Asphodelus 


ers in tall spikes i ft. long. Foliage 
grass-like and glossy, attached to the 


Sun or 
half 


July 




SPEAR 


luteus 


flower stalk. Attractive in clumps 


shade 










and good for cutting. Prop, by seed 












and division. Any ordinary garden 












soil. Mediterranean Region. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


Astragalus 


Leguminous plant. Flowers in 


2-5 ft. 


K 


4 


MILK 
VETCH 


alopecuroides 


pretty spikes. Foliage slightly hairy. 
Appropriate for the rock-garden or 


Sun 










border. Prop, by seed. Rather light 












soil. Siberia. 






"Yellow" 


CHINESE 
MILK 


Astrdgalus 
Chine"nsis 


Creeping plant with pinnate leaves. 
Thrives in the rock-garden and covers 


4-5 ft. 
Sun 


u 




VETCH 




the rocks well. China. 






"Yellow" 


GALEGA- 
LIKE MILK 


Astragalus 
galegifdrmis 


Erect plant. Profusion of pale 
drooping flowers in long clusters. 


3-5 ft- 

Half 


Early 
June 




VETCH 




Compound leaves. Plant in wild 


shade 


to 








garden. Prop, by seed just ripe, also 




early 








by division. Light soil, rather dry. 




July 








Siberia. 






"Yellow" 
6 


WILLOW- 
LEAVED 


*Bupthal- 
mum 


Showy plant of compact habit. 
Solitary flowers with long rays, nu- 


i8in. 
Sun or 


June, 
July 




OX-EYE 


salicifdlium 


merous and large. Leaves scattered 


shade 








B. grandi- 
flbrum 


along the flower stalks. Good for cut- 
ting. Prop, by division. Any soil. 












Europe; W. Asia. 






"Yellow" 


SHOWIEST 


*Bupthal- 


Terminal solitary flowers with long 


2-5 ft. 


cc 


6 


OX-EYE 


mum 


rays. Pointed heart-shaped leaves. 


Sun or 








speciosis- 
simum 


Good for shrubbery and border. Prop, 
by division. Any ordinary garden 


shade 










soil. Europe; W. Asia. 






"Yellow" 
5 


SHOWY 
OX-EYE 


*Bupthal- 
mum 


Vigorous showy plant. Large daisy- 
like flowers. Large heart-shaped 


3-4 ft. 
Sun or 


n 






specibsum 
B. cordifblium 


leaves, mostly at the base of the plant. 
Good for shrubbery and border. Prop. 


shade 










by division. Any soil. Central Europe. 






"Yellow" 


LEMON- 


Centaurea 


See page 99. 




Late 


1&21 


COLOR 


montana 






May to 


light 


MOUNTAIN 


var. citrma 






early 




BLUET 


C. m. var. 






July 






sulphurea 









195 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pale 


ALPINE 


*Cephalaria 


Appearance rather coarse but an 


5 ft. 


Late 


yellow" 4 
very pale 


CEPHA- 
LARIA 


alp in a 


excellent border plant, with showy 
scabious-like flowers. Prop, by seed. 
Any good soil. Greece; the Alps. 


Sun 


June 
to late 
July 


"Green- 


YELLOW 


Clint&nia 


See page 99. 




May, 


ish 


CLINTONIA 


borealis 






early 


yellow" 2 




Smilacina b. 






June 


greener 












"Yellow" 
3 


GOLD 
JOINT 


Chrys6gonum 

Virginianum 


A profusely blooming dwarf plant 
suitable for sunny borders. The flo./ 


i ft. 
Sun 


June, 
July 








ers are produced singly. Prop. ">y 












division in spring and runners. Loamy 












soil mixed with leaf mold and peat is 












desirable. Penn. and South. 






"Yellow" 
5 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 
TICKSEED 


**Core6psis 
grandiflSra 


Daisy-like showy flowers, larger 
than other garden species, few on a 
stem and lasting a long time. Foliage 


1-2 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 
Sept. 








small. Excellent for cutting. A group 












forms a bright mass of color in the 












border. Prop, by seed or division. 












Any soil. Southern U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


LANCE- 


**Core6psis 


Resembles C. grandiflora with 


I -2 ft. 





6 


LEAVED 


lanceolata 


smaller flowers; yellow or brown cen- 


Sun 






TICKSEED 




tres and broad rays, flowers solitary 












on the stalks which rise high above 












the dense tufts of glossy foliage. Good 












for cutting. Border. Prop, by seed 












or division. Any ordinary garden 












soil. Eastern States. 






"Yellow" 


STIFF 


*Core6psis 


Flowers, 1^-2$ in. across, have 


i H ft. 


June, 


5 


TICKSEED 


palmata 


brown or yellow centres with lemon 


Sun 


July 






C. prcecox 


rays. Border plant. Prop, by seed or 
division. Ordinary garden soil. 












Middle U. S. A. 






"Golden 


NOBLE 


*Cordalis 


See page 99. 




May, 


yellow*' 


FUMITORY 


nobilis 






early 


4 




Fumaria n. 






June 


"Bright 
yellow" 


SMALL 
YELLOW 


*Cypripedium 
parvifldrum 


See page 99. 




May, 
June 


2 deep & 


LADY'S 










dull 


SLIPPER 










"Pale 


LARGE 


**Cypripe- 


See page 99. 




" 


yellow" 


YELLOW 


dium 








2 deep & 


LADY'S 


pubscens 








dull 


SLIPPER 


C. parvifld- 












rum, 












C. birsutum 








"Yellow" 
2 


ZALIL'S 
LARKSPUR 


*Delphfnium 
Zalil 


Large flowers on tall racemes. Dark 
green leaves. Suitable for the border. 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 

July 






D. sulpbu- 


Prop, by seed, division and cuttings. 










reum, D. by- 


Deep sandy soil, well enriched. Per- 










bridum var. 


sia. 










sulpbureum 









196 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow' 


YELLOW 


*Digitalis 


Perennial. Large tubular flowers 


2-3 ft. 


Early 


2 


FOXGLOVE 


ambigua 
D. grandifldra 
D. ochroleuca 


with brown markings, which droop 
from long stalks rising high above the 
clump of broad downy leaves. Effec- 


Sun or 
half 
shade 


June 
to 
mid. 








tive planted in groups in the border or 




July 








wild garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Rather moist light loam. Eu- 












rope; Asia. 






"Cream 
color" 


WOOLLY 
FOXGLOVE 


*Digitalis 
lanata 


A perennial Foxglove with long 
dense spikes of small flowers, some- 


ft. 

oun OT 


Early 
June 


2 






times grayish or slightly purplish. See 
D. ambigua. S. Eastern Europe. 


half 
shade 


to late 
July 


"Golden 


AUSTRIAN 


*Dor6nicum 


See page 99. 




May, 


yellow" 


LEOPARD'S 


Austriacum 






June 


5 


BANE 










"Yellow" 


CAUCASIAN 


*Dor6nicum 


See page 99. 




May, 


5 


LEOPARD'S 


Caucasicum 






early 




BANE 








June 


"Golden 


CLUSIUS'S 


*Dordnicum 


See page 100. 




May, 


yellow" 


LEOPARD'S 


Clusu 






June 


5 


BANE 










"Yellow" 


CRAY-FISH 


*Dor6nicum 


See page 100. 




M 


5 


LEOPARD'S 


Pardalianches 










BANE 










"Yellow" 


PLANTAIN- 


*Dor6nicum 


See page 100. 




M 


5 


LEAVED 


>lantagineum 










LEOPARD'S 












BANE 










"Orange 


TALL 


*Dor6nicum 


See page 100. 







yellow" 


PLANTAIN- 


>lantagmeum 








7 


LEAVED 


var. excelsum 










LEOPARD'S 


D. e. "Harpur 










BANE 


Crewe" 










'HARPUR 












CREWE" 










"Yellow" 


VITALE'S 


)ouglsia 


See page 100. 




Late 


4 


DOUGLASIA 


Vitaliana 






May, 






Aretia V. 






fune 






Gregbria V . 








"Yellow" 


AIZOON- 


Draba 


See page 100. 




May, 


4 


LIKE 


aizoides 






early 




WHITLOW 








fune 




GRASS 










"Yellow" 
2 deeper 


OLYMPIAN 
WHITLOW 


*Draba 
Ol^mpica 


Dainty tufted alpine plant bearing 
a profusion of small flowers which 


4 in. 
Sun 


fune 




GRASS 


9. brunice- 


rise from the dense spreading tufts of 










blia 


foliage. Useful for rockwork in ele- 












vated positions. Prop, by seed, 












though generally by division. Well- 












drained soil. Caucasus. 






"Bright 


BUNGE'S 


Sremurus 


Pretty dwarf species. Bell-shaped 


i -3 ft. 


fune, 


yellow" 


EREMURUS 


Btingei 


flowers with long stamens in spikes 


Sun 


fuly 


4, anthers 






5 in. long. Flower stems slender. 






13 






Leaves grass-like in a clump at base. 












Plant in groups. Prop, by division. 












Deep rich sandy loam. Persia. 







197 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
6 lighter 


WOOLLY 
BAHIA 


Erioph^llum 
caespitdsum 
Babia lanata, 


Branching grayish plant. Numer- 
ous fairly large rayed flowers on leafy 
stalks. Suitable for the wild garden. 


I-I^ft. 
Sun 


June, 
July 






Actinella 


Prop, by seed and division. Light 










I an at a 


well-drained sandy soil. N. Amer. 






"Sulphur 


MOUNTAIN 


*Er^simum 


See page 101. 




May, 


yellow" 


HEDGE 


alpinum 






June 


4 


MUSTARD 










"Yellow" 


ROCK- 


*Ersimum 


See page 101. 




May, 


3 


LOVING 


rupe"stre 






early 




HEDGE 


E. pulcbellum 






June 




MUSTARD 










"Yellow" 


INDIAN 


*Fragaria 


Trailer with small solitary flowers 


6-8 in. 


June 


3 


STRAW- 
BERRY 


Indica 


and many red berries. Leaves divided 
into 3 lobes. Protect slightly in win- 


Sun 










ter. Suitable for rock-gardens and 








i 




garden vases. Prop, by division. 












Any soil not too damp. India. 






"Yellow" 


LADY'S 


Galium 


Of low-growing spreading habit. 


. -3 ft. 


June 


4 


BEDSTRAW 


verum 


Numbers of tiny flowers in panicles. 


Sun 


to 








Charming feathery foliage. Good for 




Sept. 








naturalization on sterile ground. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any soil. 












Europe. 






"Yellow" 


DYER'S 


*Genlsta 


Effective sub-shrub, to be seen on 


3 ft. 


Late 


bet. 5&6 


GREEN- 


tinctbria 


the Salem hills in Mass. Pea-shaped 


Sun 


June, 




WEED, 




flowers in racemes which form a mass 




July 




BASE 




of golden bloom. Foliage inconspicu- 








BROOM 




ous. Valuable for covering dry banks 
and also for rock-gardens. Prop, by 












seed and green cuttings. Any soil. 












Europe; Asia; Naturalized in Mass., 












Me., and N. Y. 












Var. plena has double flowers. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW- 


*Geum 


See page 101. 




Late 


6 


FLOWERED 


montanum 






May to 




MOUNTAIN 








mid. 




AVENS 








June 


"Yellow" 


PYRENEAN 


Geum 


See page 101. 




Mid. 


6 lighter 


AVENS 


Pyrenaicum 






May to 
mid. 












June 


"Yellow" 


BROAD- 


Grindelia 


An unimportant sub-shrub of coarse 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


4 


LEAVED 


squarrosa 


habit. Rayed flowers terminate 


Sun 


June 




GUM- 




branching stalks. Foliage stiff. Wild 




to 




PLANT 




garden or border. Prop, by seed, 




Sept. 








spring sown in green-house, division 












or cuttings. Any soil. Western U. 












S. A. 






"Yellow" 


BOLAND- 


*Helenium 


Wild in low ground. Robust, free- 


I -2 ft. 


June 


6 


ER'S 


Bolanderi 


blooming plant resembling Sunflower. 


Sun 


to 




SNEEZE- 




Showy flowers 2-3 in. wide with long 




Sept. 




WEED OR 




daisy-like drooping petals surround- 








SNEEZE- 




ing a dark brown centre. Border. 








WORT 




Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Cal. 







198 



BELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


HOOPES'S 


**Helenium 


See page 102. 




Late 


5 


SNEEZE- 


Ho6pesii 






May 




WEED 








to late 








* 




June 


"Yellow" 
2 to 5 


ROCK OR 
SUN ROSE 


*Helianthe- 
mum vulgare 


Pretty shrubby evergreen plant. 
Flowers like small single Roses in lax 


8-1 5 in. 
Sun 


Early 
June, 








racemes. Foliage silvery beneath, in 




July 








a low thick carpet. Desirable for the 












rock-garden. Needs slight protection 












in winter. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Sandy loam. Many differ- 












ent-colored vars. Europe; N. Africa; 












W. Asia. 






"Yellow" 


LEMON 


**Hemerocal- 


Very hard and vigorous. Fragrant 


3 ft. 


June, 


6 deep 


LILY 


lis flava 


lily-like flowers in clusters surmount a 


Half 


early 






, 


mound of graceful grass-like leaves. 


shade 


July 








Good for cutting. Spreads rapidly. 












Charming in masses on the banks of 












streams, in clumps in the border or 












rock-garden, and for edging walks or 












beds of shrubs. Prop, by division. 








/ 




Any moist rich soil. Europe; N. Asia. 








/ 




See Plate, page 201. 






"Orange 
yellow" 


MIDDEN- 
DORF'S 


**Hemero- 
callis 


The prettiest species. Very fra- 
grant. Resembles H. Dumortieri, 


1-3 ft. 
Half 


Late 
June, 


8 


YELLOW 


Middendorfii 


with paler flowers borne in threes or 


shade 


July 




DAY LILY 




fours, on long stems and broader 












bright green curving leaves in clumps. 












For planting and cultivation see H. 












flava. Amurland. 






"Yellow" 


THUN- 


**Hemero- 


Closely resembles H. flava though 


3-4 ft. 


(t 


6 lighter 


BERG'S 


callis 


the flowers are not so large. See H. 


Sun or 






YELLOW 


Thunbergii 


flava. Japan. 


half 






DAY LILY 






shade 




"Golden 


SHAGGY 


Hieracium 


Plant covered with white silkiness, 


I -2 ft. 


June 


yellow" 


HAWK- 


villbsum 


effective for its large flowers and sil- 


Sun 


to 


5 


WEED 




very foliage. Naturalize on barren 




mid. 








ground. More easily kept from spread- 




Aug. 








ing than other species of this genus. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any soil. 












Europe. 






"Deep 


YELLOW 


Hypdxis 


See page 102. 




May, 


yellow" 


STAR 


ere*cta 






June 


5 deep 


GRASS 


//. hirsuta 








"Yellow" 
5 


LARGE- 
FLOWERING 


*Inula 
grandiflora 


Vigorous plant with large flowers in 
profusion. Foliage coarse. Border. 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


June 




ELECAM- 




Resists drought. Prop, by seed and 








PANE 




division. Any good soil. Asia. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW- 


Iris 


See page 102. 




Late 




BANDED 


orientalis 






May, 




FLAG 


/. ochroleuca, 






June 






I . gigantea 








"Yellow" 


YELLOW OR 


*Iris 


See page 102. 




Late 


5& 2 


COMMON 


Pseudacorus 






May 




WATER 


/. Pseud- 






to late 




FLAG 


dcorus 






June 



199 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
effect 11 


TUCK'S 
FLAME 


*Kniph6fia 
Ttickii 


Brilliantly striking plant. Flowers, 
reddish when first in bloom, rise in 


4-5 ft. 
Half 


June, 
to 




FLOWER 




dense slender spikes high above tufts 


shade 


Sept. 








of sword-shaped leaves. Group among 
tropical-looking plants in sheltered 












border with good background. Leave 












undisturbed and protect slightly in 












winter. Prop, by division. Any well- 












drained soil. Central Africa. 






"Yellow" 
4 


EDELWEISS 


*Leontop6- 
dium alpinum 


Prized by Alpine climbers. Downy 
star-like flowers rise well above a tuft 


4-12 in. 
Sun 


June, 

July 






Gnapbalium 


of narrow hoary leaves. Pretty for 










Leontopodium 


rock-garden. Prop, by seed. Rather 












light soil. Switzerland. 






"Yellow" 


GRAY- 


*Le"pachys 


Flowers cone-shaped; purple cen- 


3-5 ft. 


June 


5 


HEADED 


pinnkta 


tres and abruptly drooping rays. Re- 


Sun 


to 




CONE- 


Ratibida 


sembles Rudbeckia. Good for back 




mid. 




FLOWER 


p inn at a 


of border or in shrubbery. Prop, by 




Sept. 






Rudbeckia 


seed or division. N. Y.; W. and S. 










pinnata 








"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Lilium 


Picturesque native, wild in moist 


1-4 ft. 


June, 


7 dull 


CANADA 


Canade"nse 


meadows and bogs. Flowers, with 


Sun or 


July 




LILY 


var. flavum 


dark spots, drooping in clusters. 


half 










Lovely in masses or scattered among 


sbade 










shrubs, or naturalized. Bulbous. 












Prop, by offsets or scales. Light well- 












drained soil. Avoid contact with ma- 












nure. Eastern N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 202. 






"Yellow" 


CAUCASIAN 


*Lflium 


Conspicuous species. Fragrant tur- 


2-5 ft. 





3 


LILY 


monadelphum 
L. S{ovit{ia- 


ban-shaped flowers, tinged with pur- 
ple and spotted with black, crown a 


Half 
shade 








num, 


vigorous leafy stalk. Mass or scat- 










L. Cdlcbicum 


ter against dense background in 












border. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, 












scales or very slowly by seed. Any 












light soil. Avoid contact with ma- 












nure. Persia. 






"Yellow" 


PARRY'S 


**Lflium 


Best yellow species. Flowers with 


2-6 ft. 


M 


5 


LILY 


Parryi 


reddish brown markings and spread- 


Sbade 










ing reflexed tips. Foliage in whorls. 












Effective massed in border against 












background. Bulbous. Prop, by 












offsets, scales, or very slowly by seed. 












Light well-drained soil. Avoid con- 












tact with manure. Cal. 






"Golden 


HUM- 


*Lflium 


Graceful and stately. Drooping 


3-5 ft- 


M 


yellow" 


BOLDT'S 


pube*rulum 


flowers 6-8 in. across, dotted with pale 


Half 




6 more 
orange 


LILY 


L. Califdrni- 
cum, L. Hum- 


purple turning to red or brown, in 
panicles. Bright green leaves in large 


shade 








boldtii, L. 


whorls. Margin of shrubbery. Bul- 










Bloomeria- 


bous. Prop, by offsets, scales or very 










num 


slowly by seed. Any light well-drained 












soil. Avoid direct contact with ma- 












nure. Cal. 







200 





2OI 




2Q2 YELLOW CANADA LILY. Lilium Canadense var. fiarum. 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Buff" 


NANKEEN 


**Lilium 


Very choice and stately species, 


2-6 ft. 


Mid. 


1 


LILY 


testaceum 


widely cultivated. Clusters of fra- 


Sun or 


June 






L. excelsum, 


grant flowers with conspicuous orange 


half 


to 






L. Isabelli- 


stamens, hang nodding from the top 


shade 


mid. 






num 


of tall leafy stalks. Group in border. 




July 








Bulbous. Prop, by offsets or scales. 












Any light soil. Avoid contact with 












manure. Supposed hybrid. 






"Yellow" 
3 


DALMA- 
TIAN 


*Linaria 

Dalmatica 


Showy, graceful and free-growing. 
Large snapdragon-like flowers in pro- 


3-4 ft. 

Sun or 


Early 
June 




TOAD- 




fusion. Foliage dense. Border. 


shade 


to 




FLAX 




Prop, by seed and division. Any light 




early 








soil. S. Eastern Europe. 




July, 












late 












July 












to late 












Aug. 


"Yellow" 


MACEDO- 


Linaria 


Distinct species, with broader leaves 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


3 &7 


NIAN 


Maced6nica 


than L. Dalmatica. Snapdragon-like 


Sun or 


July 




TOAD-FLAX 




flowers in tall terminal racemes bloom 


shade 










continuously. Inside of lower lip 












orange. Prop, by seed or division. 












Any ordinary soil. Macedonica. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Linnm 


Gay flowers in loose clusters. Foli- 


I -2 ft. 


it 


5 


FLAX 


flavum 


age pretty but inconspicuous. Inval- 


Sun 










uable plant forming neat bush. Bor- 












der or rock-garden. Prop, by seed 
and division. Light rich soil. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


BIRD'S- 


Lbtus 


Hardy spreading trailer. Pea-like 


4- 1 8 in. 


June 


3 


FOOT 


corniculatus 


flowers often marked with red, in um- 


Sun 


to 




TREFOIL, 




bels of five to ten. Foliage in tufts. 




Oct. 




BABIES' 




Rock-garden. Any soil. 








SLIPPERS 




Var. flore-pleno. Double and more 












showy variety; flowers last longer, 












preferred to the type. N. Hemi- 












sphere; Britain. 






"Yellow" 
5 


MONEY- 
WORT, 
CREEPING 


*Lysimachia 
nummularia 


Rapid creeper. Masses of pret- 
ty cup-shaped flowers on prostrate 
branchlets. Good for carpeting 


1-2 in. 
Sun or 
half 


Early 
June 
to late 




JENNY 




where grass will not grow, for rock- 


shade 


July 








gardens and for drooping from garden 
vases. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. Europe. 












Var. aurea, leaves wholly or partly 












yellow. 






"Yellow" 


SPOTTED 


*Lysimachia 


Of sturdy erect habit. Flowers in 


1-3 ft. 


June, 


5 


LOOSE- 


punctata 


whorls around leafy stalks. Good in 


Sun 


July 




STRIFE 


L. verticulata 


border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Good garden soil. Europe; W. Asia. 












See Plate, page 205. 






"Yellow" 


BULB- 


Lysimachia 


Wild in low or wet ground. Flow- 


8-24 in. 


ti 


bet. 5&6 


BEARING 


stricta 


ers in thick terminal racemes above 


Sun 






LOOSE- 


L. terrestris 


long narrow leaves, grayish under- 








STRIFE 




neath. Wild garden Prop, by seed 












and division. Any soil. Eastern 












U. S. A. 







203 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
4 


COMMON 
YELLOW 


*Lysimachia 
vulgaris 


Flowers, often with red margins, in 
spikes. Pointed leaves in whorls of 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


June, 

July 




LOOSE- 




3 or 4 about the flower stalks. Quite 








STRIFE 




showy in clumps on banks of streams. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any 












moist soil. Europe; Asia. 






"Yellow" 
5 


WELSH 
POPPY 


Meconopsis 
Cambrica 


Rather large poppy-like flowers are 
borne erect on slender stems. Foliage 


i ft. 
Sun 


a 








light green much divided. Rock-gar- 












den. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any good soil. W. Europe. 






"Pale 


SESSILE- 


Oakesia 


See page 102. 




May, 


yellow" 


LEAVED 


sessilifolia 






June 


1 


BELLWORT 


Uvularia s. 








"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


*O2nothera 


Biennial. Vigorous and sometimes 


4-5 ft- 


June 


3 


FLOWERED 


bie*nnis 


branching. A large variety of the 


Sun 


to 




BIENNIAL 


var. 


common Evening Primrose. Showy 




Sept. 




EVENING 


grandifldra 


flowers 3-4 in. across. Effective in 








PRIMROSE 


CE. Lamarck- 


masses in the wild garden and border. 










iana 


Prop, by seed and cuttings. Any 












soil. S. W. U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 
5 


SUNDROPS 


**CEnothera 
fruticbsa 


One of the best species. Shrubby 
plant with red stems and clusters of 
broad showy flowers continuously cov- 


i -3 ft. 
Half 
shade 


June, 
July 








ering the plant with golden bloom. 












Excellent border plant. Prop, by 












seed and cuttings. Any light soil. 












N. Amer. 












Var. Youngii. Flowers lemon- 












yellow. Branches slender. Vigorous 












and a free bloomer. Var. major; 












(color no. 3), is thick and bushy. See 












Plate, page 206. 






"Yellow" 


ERASER'S 


**O2nothera 


A good species. Upright plant be- 


2-3 ft. 


June 


5 


EVENING 
PRIMROSE 


glauca var. 
Fraseri ;'.- 


coming bushy and leafy at the top, 
covered with clusters of flowers 2 in. 


Sun 


to 
Sept. 






CE. Fraseri 


across. Continuous in bloom. Effec- 












tive in masses for rock-garden or bor- 












der. Easy cultivation. Prop, by seed 
and cuttings. Any good garden soil. 












Southern U. S. A. 






"Lemon 


LINEAR- 


CEnothera 


Bushy plant. Flowers small but 


lift?, 


June 


yellow" 


LEAVED 


linearis 


numerous, forming a mass of bloom. 


Sun 


to 


3 


EVENING 


CE. fruticosa 


Leaves very narrow. Border plant. 




early 




PRIMROSE 


var. linearis, 


Prop, by division or cuttings in the 




Aug. 






CE. rip aria 


spring. Rich sandy soil. Eastern 
0. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


MISSOURI 


**O2nothera 


A low species with prostrate as- 


10 in. 


M 


3 


PRIMROSE 


Missourie"nsis 
CE. macro- 


cending branches. A profuse bloomer. 
Solitary flowers, often 5 in. across, 


Half 
shade 








cdrpa, 


cover the plant. Attractive in open 










Megapterium 


border or rock-garden. Prop, by divi- 










Missouriense 


sion or cuttings. Any light soil. S. 












Western U. S. A. 







204 



\ <i A HlJH 





20: 





206 



ICELAND POPPY. Paparer nudicaule. 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


* 
Time of 
Bloom 


"Dull 


BARBERRY 


Opuntia 


Native of our shores. Straggling 


10-12 in. 


June 


yellow" 
3 duller 


FIG, 
COMMON 


vulgaris 
0. Opuntia 


light green Cactus plant with grayish 
spines. Flowers 2 in. across. Rock- 


Sun 


to 
Sept. 




PRICKLY 
PEAR 




garden. Prop, by cuttings more easily 
than by seed. Any well-drained soil. 












Atlantic States. 






"Yellow" 


HERBA- 


**Pae6nia 


See color "various," page 268. 




June 




CEOUS 


vars. 










PEONY 










"Yellow" 


ICELAND 


**Papaver 


See page 35 and Plate, page 206. 




Late 


5 or 6 


POPPY 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


brilliant 










July, 












late 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Yellow" 


SCABIOUS- 


Patrmia 


See page 105. 




May, 


6 


LEAVED 


scabiosaefolia 






June 




PATRINIA 










"Creamy 


WOOD 


Pedicularis 


See page 105. 




" 


yellow" 2 


BETONY 


Canade*nsis 








"Pale 
yellow" 


CROWDED 
PENTSTE- 


*Pentstemon 
confe*rtus 


Numerous tube-shaped flowers va- 
rying to cream white, in spikes. Foli- 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 
early 


2 


MONOR 




age rather long and narrow. Protec- 




guly 




BEARD- 




tion of leaves advisable. Rock-garden 








TONGUE 




and border. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Any good garden soil. Rocky Mts. 












Var. cceruleo-purpureus, purple flow- 












ers. Colo. W. & N. 






"Yellow" 


JERUSA- 


Phlomis 


Tender branching shrub. Showy 


2-4 ft. 


June, 


6 shading 


LEM SAGE 


fruticbsa 


flowers in dense whorls. Branches 


Sun 


July 


to 13 






and wrinkled leaves covered with yel- 












lowish down. Sheltered position in 












border, shrubbery or wild garden. 












Protect in winter. Prop, by seed or 












cuttings. Any soil. Mediterranean 












Region. 






"Yellow" 


SILVERY 


Potentflla 


See page 105. 




Early 


3 


CINQUE- 


arge"ntea 






May to 




FOIL 








early 












July 


"Yellow" 


SILVERY- 


Potentflla 


Small strawberry-like flowers borne 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


1 


LEAVED 


argyroph^lla 


on silky leafy stems. Leaves whitish 


Sun 


July 




CINQUE- 


P. insignis 


beneath. Border or rock-garden. 








FOIL OR 




Prop, by seed and division. Dry 








FIVE- 




sandy soil. Himalaya. 








FINGER 










"Lemon 


CALABRIAN 


Potentflla 


See page 105. 




Late 


yellow" 


CINQUE- 


Calabra 






May to 


3 


FOIL 








early 












July 


"Yellow" 


SHRUBBY 


Potentilla 


Dwarf shrub bearing bright straw- 


1-4 ft. 


June 


3 


CINQUE- 
FOIL OR 


fruticosa 


berry-like flowers in profusion. Foli- 
age silky. Border, rock-garden or 


Sun 


to 

Sept. 




FIVE- 




margin of shrubbery. Prop, by seed, 








FINGER 




division or green cuttings. Moist 












soil. Europe; Asia; N. Amer. 







207 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Golden 


HYBRID 


*Potentflla 


Rather tender double hybrid with 


2ft. 


June 


yellow" 
effect 7 


CINQUE- 
FOIL OR 


"Gloire de 
Nancy" 


a profusion of buttercup-like flowers. 
Foliage excellent. Border. Protect 


Sun 


to 
Sept. 




FIVE- 




in winter. Prop, by root division in 








FINGER 




spring. Dry sandy soil. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


Potentflla 


Flowers borne on leafy branching 


10-20 in. 


June, 


3 


FLOWERED 


grandiflbra 


stems. Silky compound leaves. Bor- 


Sun 


July 




CINQUE- 




der or rock-garden. Prop, by seed 








FOIL OR 




and division. Dry sandy soil. Eu- 








FIVE- 




rope; Asia. 








FINGER 










"Golden 


PYRENEAN 


Potentflla 


See page 105. 




May to 


yellow" 


CINQUE- 
FOIL 


Pyrenaica 






Aug. 


"Rich 


STUART'S 


**Prfmula 


See page 105. 




Late 


yellow" 


PRIMROSE 


Stuartii 






May, 


Slight 










June 


"Golden 


BACHE- 


Ranunculus 


See page 105. 




Mid. 


yellow" 


LOR'S 


acris var. 






May to 


5 


BUTTONS 


fl6re-pleno 






Sept. 


"Yellow" 


DOUBLE 


Rantinculus 


See page 106. 




Mid. 


5 


ACONITE- 


aconitifdlius 






May to 




LEAVED 


var. 






July 




BUTTERCUP 


luteus-plenus 








"Yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 


Ranfinculus 


See page 106. 




May to 


5 


BUTTERCUP 


montanus 






early 












July 


"Yellow" 


CREEPING 


Rantinculus 


See page jo6. 




May to 


5 


DOUBLE- 


re"pens var. 






Aug. 




FLOWERED 


fldre-pleno 










BUTTERCUP 










"Yellow" 


WEBB'S 


Scabiosa 


Smaller than the type. Flowers on 


6- 10 in. 


June 


3 pale 


SCABIOUS 


ochroleuca 


long stems. Good for cutting. Neat 


Sun 


to 




OR PIN- 


5. Webbiana 


tufts of grayish green leaves. Border 




early 




CUSHION 




or rock-garden. P ro P- by division. 




Sept. 




FLOWER 




Poor soil preferable. Phrygia. 






''Yellow" 


STONE- 


*Sedum 


See page 106. 




Late 


4 


CROP, WALL 


acre 






May, 




PEPPER, 








June 




LOVE 












ENTANGLE 










"Yellow" 


AIZOON 


*Sedum 


Starry flowers in dense flat clusters. 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


5 


STONECROP 


Aizoon 


Color rather poor. Pulpy leaves 


Sun 


June 








coarsely toothed. Good for edging 




to 








or rock-garden. Prop, by seed, spring 
division or cuttings. Loose soil. 




mid. 
Aug. 








Siberia; Japan. 






"Yellow" 


HYBRID 


Sedum 


Creeping evergreen. Flowers in 


6 in. 


June 


4 dull & 


STONECROP 


h^bridum 


clusters, 2-3 in. wide. Small leaves. 


Sun 




deep 






Good for carpeting. Prop, preferably 
by division. Sandy soil best. Siberia. 







208 



YELLOW 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


MIDDEN- 


*Sedum 


Creeping tufted evergreen. Starry 


4 in. 


June, 


3 dull 


DORF'S 


Midden- 


flowers in flat-topped clusters. Pulpy 


Sun 


July 




STONECROP 


dorfianum 


foliage, deep green turning purple in 












winter. Good for carpeting. Prop. 












preferably by division. Sandy soil 












best. Amurland. 






"Yellow" 


SIX- 


Sedum 


Tiny creeper closely resembling S. 


3-6 in. 


Early 


4 


ANGLED 


sexangul&re 


acre, with starry flowers and delicate 


Sun 


June, 




STONECROP 




pulpy foliage. Prop, by seed or off- 




July 








sets. Ordinary garden soil. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


CELANDINE 


Styldphorum 


See page 106. 




May, 


8 lighter 


POPPY 


diphyllum 






early 






Cbelidonium 






June 






d. Papaver 












Stylopborum 








"Green- 


GLAUCOUS 


Thalictrum 


Desirable for foliage. Flowers in 


2-5 ft. 


Late 


ish 


MEADOW 


glaucum 


dense clusters. Fern-like leaves. 


Half 


June 


yellow" 
2 


RUE 




Wild garden. Prop, in spring by seed 
and division. Well-drained loam. S. 


shade 


to late 
July 








Europe. 






"Green- 


DWARF 


*Thalictrum 


Grown for foliage. Insignificant 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


ish 


MEADOW 


minus j flowers droop in Fax feathery pani- 


Half 


June 


yellow" 


RUE 


T. pur- 


cles. Fine grayish foliage like that of 


shade 


to 


3 




pur eum, 


Maiden-hair Fern. Good for cutting. 




mid. 






T. saxdtile 


Charming in border or wild garden or 




July 








as edging. Prop, in spring by seed 












and division. Well-drained soil. Eu- 












rope; N. Asia; N. Africa. 












Var. adiantifolium (T. adiantioides, 












T. ad iantbi folium). A favorite, simi- 












lar to the type, with foliage even more 












maidenhair-like. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


Thaspium 


Wild branching herb. Flowers in 


lift. 


June, 


4 lighter 


ALEXAN- 


aureum 


umbels. Deeply divided leaves on 


Half 


July 




DERS 


T. trifoliatum 


the stalks and at the base of plant. 


shade 








var. aureum 


Naturalize in wild garden. Good 












moist soil. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


CAROLINA 


*Therm6psis 


Erect lupine-like plant, wild in open 


2-4 ft. 


Early 


5 


THER- 


Caroliniana 


roads. Pea-shaped flowers in long 


Sun or 


June 




MOPSIS 




dense racemes. Clover-like leaves. 


shade 


to 








Excellent for border. Prop, generally 




mid. 








by autumn or spring sown seed. 




July 








Light well-drained soil. Va.; N. C. 






"Yellow" 


BEAN-LIKE 


*Therm6psis 


See page 106. 




May, 


4 


THER- 


fabacea 






June 




MOPSIS 


T. montana 








"Yellow" 


ALLEGHANY 


*Therm6psis 


See page 106. 




Mid. 


4 


THER- 


mollis 






May to 




MOPSIS 








Aug. 


"Yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 


Thermdpsis 


See page 106. 




May, 




THER- 


montana 






June 




MOPSIS 










"Yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 


**Tr611ius 


See page 109. 




Early 


5 


GLOBE 


Europeeus 






May to 




FLOWER 


T. globdsus 






early 
June 



209 



YELLOW, ORANGE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Orange 


JAPANESE 


*Tr<511ius 


See page 109. 




May, 


yellow" 


GLOBE 


Jap6nicus 






June 


7 


FLOWER 










"Lemon 


LARGE- 


*Uvularia 


See page 1 10. 




H 


yellow" 


FLOWERED 


grandifldra 








2 


BELLWORT 










"Yellow" 
2 


NETTLE- 
LEAVED 


*Verbascum 
Chaixii 


Showy and very hardy. Large flow- 
ers in spikes. Plentiful rather coarse 


c 3ft ' 

Sun 


Late 
June 




MULLEIN 


y. orientate, 


green foliage. Good in border or wild 




to late 






y. vernale 


garden. Prop, by seed, often self- 




July 








sown. Any garden soil. Europe. 






"Yellow" 


LONG- 


*Verbscum 


See page 1 10. 




Late 


3 


LEAVED 


longifdlium 






May 




ITALIAN 


y. pannosum 






to late 




MULLEIN 








June 


"Yellow" 
2 


DARK 
MULLEIN 


*Verbascum 
nigrum 


Flowers thickly packed in long ra- 
cemes at end of stalk. Foliage unat- 


ft. 

Sun 


Early 
June 








tractive in form and color. Border or 




to late 








wild garden. Prop, by seed. Any 




July 








garden soil. Blooms a second time if 












cut down early. Europe; W. Asia. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


**Viola 


See page 35. 




Late 


6 


HORNED 


cornuta var. 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


liitea major 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"Yellow" 


YELLOW OR 


Waldsteinia 


See page 113. 




May, 


4 


BARREN 


fragarioides 






June 




STRAW- 


Dalibarda f. 










BERRY 










"Or- 


DWARF 


*Geum 


See page 113. 




May, 


ange" 


CHILOE 


Chiloe'nse 






June 


26 more 


WATER 


var. miniatum 








orange 


FLOWER 


G. miniatum 








"Pur- 


WATER 


*Geum rivale 


Seepage 113. 




Late 


plish 


AVENS OR 








May, 


orange" 


FLOWER 








June 


near 












3 & 41 












"Copper" 
near 7 


HYSSOP- 
LEAVED 


*Helianthe- 
mum vulgare 


Shrubby evergreen plant. Flowers 
like small Wild Roses sometimes saf- 


8-15 in. 
Sun 


Early 
June, 




ROCK ROSE 


var. 


fron-colored, in lax racemes. Glossy 




July 






hyssopifblium 


low mat of foliage. Valuable for a dry 












sunny position in rock-garden. Slight 












protection in winter needed. Prop. 












by seed, division or cuttings. Sandy 












loamy soil. Europe. 






"Or- 


DTJMOR- 


**Hemerocal- 


First species to bloom. Fragrant 


1-2 ft. 


June, 


ange" 
11 


TIER'S 
DAY LILY 


lis 
Dumortierii 


lily-shaped flowers in clusters of 2 or 
3, smaller than in other species. Foli- 


Sun or 
half 


July 


brilliant 




H. rutilans, 


age grass-like. Replant often. Pretty 


shade 








H. Sieboldii 


in clumps and good for cutting. Prop, 
by division. Any soil. Japan. 







210 



ORANGE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Or- 


ORANGE 


Hieracium 


Small clusters of dandelion-like 


6-24 in. 


June 


ange" 


HAWK- 


aurantiacum 


flowers of fine color on leafless stems. 


Sun 


to Oct. 


12 


WEED 




Foliage shaggy in tufts near ground. 
Spreads rapidly and is liable to be- 












come a weed. Good ground-cover for 












sterile waste land or wild garden. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any soil. 












W. Europe. 






"Reddish 


RED- 


Iris cuprea 


Several branching stems bearing 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


brown" BROWN 


/. fulva 


flowers marked with blue and green. 


Sun 


June 


14 


FLAG 




Leaves light green slightly grayish. 












Swamps, Illinois, S. 






"Or- 


OREGON 


*Lilium Co- 


Ineffective unless mixed with other 


i -3 ft 


June, 


ange" 
effect 7 


LILY 


lumbianum 
L. parviflb- 
rum, L. Sayi 


plants. Small turban-shaped flowers 
dotted with purple; sparse foliage. 
Border. Bulbous. Prop by offsets, 


Shade 


early 
July 








scales, or very slowly by seed. Rich 












well-drained soil. Avoid direct con- 












tact with manure. Ore. to B. C. 






"Or- 


ASA GRAY'S 


*Lflium 


Allied to L. Canadense. Delicate 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


ange" 


LILY 


Grayi 


flowers, reddish or brownish, with 


Half 


July 


26 
orange 






purple spots inside, 1-9 on a stem. 
Mass against dense background in 


shade 










border. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, 












scales, or very slowly by seed. Light 












well-drained soil. Avoid direct con- 












tact with manure. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Reddish 


SPOTTED OR 


**Lflium 


Beautiful and stately species. Strik- 


3-4 ft. 





orange" 
26 


HANSON'S 
LILY 


maculatum 
L. Hdnsoni 


ing purple-spotted flowers in lax clus- 
ters. Bright green leaves in whorls. 


Sun or 
half 




orange 






Effective planted in clumps in Rho- 


shade 










dodendron beds or massed against 












background in border. Bulbous. 












Prop, by offsets or scales. Any light 












soil. Avoid direct contact with ma- 












nure. Japan. See Plate, page 216. 






"Deep 


ORANGE 


*Papaver 


See page 36. 




Late 


orange" 


ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


var. 






July. 


12 & 17 




aurantiacum 






ate 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Deep 


SMALL 


*Papaver 


See page 36. 




Late 


orange" 


ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


var. miniatum 






fuly, 


12 & 17 










mid. 












Aug. 












oOct. 


"Pale 


HAIRY- 


*Papaver 


See page 114. 




.ate 


scarlet 


STEMMED 


pilosum 






flay, 


orange"9 


POPPY 








f une 


"Red 


ATLANTIC 


*Papaver 


See page 114. 




.ate 


orange" 


POPPY 


rupifragum 






Viay to 


11 




var. 






Aug. 






Atlanticum 












P. A. 









211 



RED 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
. and 
Stt^^at^on 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Scarlet" 


WILD 


*Aquilegia 


See page 36. 




Late 


19 & 4 


COLUMBINE 


Canade"nsis 






Apr. to 
mid. 












June 


"Orange 
red" 


HYBRID 
CALIFOR- 


**Aquilegia 

formosa 


See page 1 14. 




Mid. 
May to 


12 & 17 


NIAN 


var. h^brida 






July 




COLUMBINE 


A. Califdr- 












nica, var. 












hybrida 








"Orange 


MEXICAN 


*Aquilegia 


See page 114. 




Late 


red" 


COLUMBINE 


Skinneri 






May, 


19 & 5 










June 


"Orange 


LARGE 


*Aquilegia 


See page 36. 




Apr. to 


scarlet" 


SCARLET 


truncata 






early 


17 


CALIFOR- 


A. Calif 6r- 






J^une 




NIAN 


nica, 










COLUMBINE 


A. eximea 








"Violet 
crimson" 


PURPLE 
POPPY 


*Callirhoe 

involucrata 


Shaggy trailing plant. Large flow- 
ers with white centres. Foliage pal- 


9-12 in. 
Sun 


June 
to 


27 bright 


MALLOW 




mately divided. Plant in border and 
rock-garden. Blossoms the first year 




Sept. 








from seed. Prop, also by cuttings. A 












light rich soil is preferable. Neb. 












and S. 












Var. lineariloba; (color no. 35 












lighter & brilliant). Less shaggy than 
the type. Large mallow-like flowers 












varying to pale red in continuous 












bloom. Charming in the rock-garden, 












drooping over ledges. Central U. S. A. 






"Ma- 


DARK 


Centaurea 


Strong vigorous plant with silvery 


2-3 ft. 


<( 


roon" 


PURPLE 


atropurpiirea 


foliage and a profusion of globe- 


Sun 




near 33 


KNAPWEED 


C. calocepbala 


shaped flowers which keep well when 












cut. Makes a choice border plant. 












Prop, by seed or division. Hungary. 






"Crim- 
son" 


RED 
VALERIAN, 


*Centranthus 
ruber 


Compact bushy plant covered with 
flowers in thick bold clusters termi- 


1-3 ft. 

Sun 


June, 
July 


near 26 


JUPITER'S 




nating leafy stalks. Gray-green foli- 








BEARD 




age. Good for cutting. Attractive 












border plant found frequently in old 












gardens. Prop, by seed and division. 












Mediterranean Region. 






"Scarlet" 


DWARF RED 


*Delphinium 


See page 1 14. 




Late 


18 


OR 


nudicaule 






May, 




NORTHERN 








June 




SCARLET 












LARKSPUR 










"Red" 


CARTHU- 


Dianthus 


Biennial or perennial. Flowers in 


i2-i8in. 


Early 


31 or 20 


SIAN PINK 


Carthusian- 


varying shades of red borne in tight 


Sun 


June 


& 27 




6rum 


clusters surmount leafy stalks. Bor- 




to 


brilliant 




D. atrdrubens 


der or rock-garden. Prop, best by 
division. Rich light soil. Germany; 




early 
July 








Egypt. 







212 



RED 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


DARK RED 


**Dianthus 


Small flowers in clusters on gray- 


I-I*ft. 


June, 


red" 


PINK 


crue"ntus 


green stalks. Long narrow pointed 


Sun 


July 


28 bright 






leaves. Good border plant. Prop, by 






to 26 






seed. Warm not too moist loam. 












Greece. 






"Red" 


WOODLAND 


*Dianthus 


Small flowers 1-3 on a stalk. Tufts 


I ft. 


June 


27 dull 


PINK 


sylve"stris 


of grass-like leaves. Pretty border 


Sun 








D. virgineus 


plant. Prop, best by division. Rich 












light soil. S. Western Europe. 






"Red" 


COMMON 


*Epimedium 


See page 114. 




Mid. 


26 


BARREN- 


alpinum 






May to 




WORT, 








early 




BISHOP'S 








June 




HAT 










"Crim- 


BLOOD-RED 


**Geranium 


See page 115. 




Late 


son" 


CRANES- 


sanguineum 






May to 


41 slight- 


BILL 








mid. 


ly deeper 










July 


"Dark 


DOUBLE 


*Geum 


Very similar to G. Chiloense, but 


i ft. 


June, 


red" 


DEEP 


atrosangui- 


with darker and double flowers. 


Sun 


July 


28 


CRIMSON 


neum var. 


Moist light soil. Hort. 








AVENS 


flore-pleno 








"Orange 


CHILOE 


*Geum 


The best species. Wide-open five- 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


scarlet" 


AVENS 


Chiloe'nse 


petaled flowers, several on a stem, rise 


Sun 


June 


26 orange 




G. coccineum 


above the leaves, which mostly lie on 




to 






(Hort.) 


the ground. Good rock-garden or 




early 








border plant. Easily cultivated. 




Aug. 








Prop, by seed and division. Moist 












soil preferable. Chile. 












Var. grandiflorum, an improved var. 












A group of this plant makes a bril- 












liant effect in the border or rock-gar- 












den. There is a double form which is 












very popular having a longer flower- 
ing season. June to Oct. Hort. 






"Pur- 


APACHE 


*Geum 


See page 1 1 5. 




May, 


plish 


PLUME, 


triflbrum 






June 


red" 


LONG- 


G. ciliatum 








33 or 26 


PLUMED 










dull 


PURPLE 












AVENS 










"Deep 
red" 


FRENCH 
HONEY- 


Hedysarum 
coronarium 


Showy plant. Fragrant pea-like 
flowers in dense erect spikes. Foliage 


3-4 ft. 

Sun 


June, 
early 


33 


SUCKLE 




like that of Wistaria. Border plant. 




July 








Easily cultivated. Prop, by seed and 












division. Light well-drained soil. S. 












Western Europe. 












Var. album, flowers white. 






"Red" 


CORAL OR 


**Heuchera 


Plant of graceful and delicate effect 


i-iift. 


June 


26 
brilliant 


CRIMSON 
BELLS 


sanguinea 


with a very long blooming season. 
Resembles Mitella. Flowers borne in 


Sun or 

half 


to late 
Sept. 








panicles on delicate stems above the 


shade 










clump of pale green leaves. Good for 












cutting. Gay and pretty for rock- 












garden or border. Prop, by seed and 












division. Any soil. S. Western U. S. A. 












Var. splendens; (color no. 26 deeper 



















213 



RED 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








& more brilliant), rich crimson flow- 












ers. Hort. Other horticultural vars. 












range in color from white to dark 












crimson. 












H. Americana, Alum Root. Slen- 












der pyramidal clusters of small green- 












ish or purplish red flowers rise from 












the tufts of wavy-toothed heart- 












shaped foliage for which it is chiefly 












grown. Suitable for the rock-garden 












or for edging the border. Eastern N. 












Amer. 






"Orange 
red" 


RED 
CANADA 


*Lflium 

Canade'nse 


A picturesque native species. Flow- 
ers with dark spots droop in clusters; 


1-4 ft. 

Sun or 


Early 
June, 


13 deep 


LILY 


var. rubrum 


petals reflexed. Easy to cultivate. 


half 


July 


& redder 






Plant in clumps in the border or 


shade 










among shrubs, or naturalize. Bul- 












bous. Prop, by offsets, scales or very 












slowly by seed. Any well-drained 












soil. Eastern N. Amer. 






"Scarlet" 


JAPANESE 


*Lflium 


Graceful species. Erect star-like 


i-iift. 


June, 


17 deeper 


RED STAR 


c6ncolor 


flowers in terminal clusters. Good 


Sun or 


July 




LILY 




for cutting. Foliage poor. Mass 


half 










among shrubs or in border. Easy to 


shade 










grow. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets or 












scales. Slaty soil. Avoid direct con- 












tact with manure. China. 






"Orange 


THUNBER- 


**Lflium 


A very hardy and useful species. 


I -2 ft, 


M 


red" 


GIAN LILY 


elegans 


Large flowers borne erect on sturdy 


Sun or 




12 redder 




L. Dahuri- 


leafy stalks. Easy to grow. Brilliant 


half 




& deeper 




cum, L. Thun- 


massed in the border. Bulbous. Prop. 


shade 








bergianum, L. 


by offsets or scales. Any light peaty 










umbellatum 


soil. Avoid direct contact with ma- 












nure. Japan. See Plate, page 215. 






"Scarlet" 
16 


TURBAN 
LILY 


*L ilium 
pompdnum 
L. rubrum 


Turban-shaped fragrant flowers in 
regular many-flowered racemes sur- 
mount the leafy stem. Mass or scatter 


2*-3 ft. 

Half 
shade 


June 








in border. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 












sets, scales or very slowly by seed. 












Light well-drained soil. Avoid direct 












contact with manure. Alps. 






"Scarlet" 


SIBERIAN 


**Lilium 


Waxy drooping flowers with re- 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


17 bril- 


CORAL 


tenuifblium 


curved petals in clusters of twelve 


Sun 


June, 


liant 


LILY 




surmount slender stems. Pleasing 




July 








massed in the border. Prop, by seed 












and "bud scales." Well-drained light 












soil. Avoid direct contact with ma- 












nure. Siberia. 






"Scarlet" 
bet. 


MALTESE 
SAGE, 


**L?chnis 
Chalced6nica 


Striking though somewhat stalky 
plant with flowers in brilliant crowded 


ft. 

Sun or 


Early 
June 


12 & 18 


JERUSALEM 




terminal clusters above rather hairy 


shade 


:o 




CROSS, 




foliage. Excellent near white flowers 




mid. 




SCARLET 




in the border. Prop, by seed and 




July 




LIGHTNING 




division. Any rich garden soil. 












Var. ftore-pleno a double form. 












Russia. 







214 




THUNBERGIAN LILY. Lilium elegans. 



215 





2l6 



HANSON'S LILY. Lilium maculatum. 



RED 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


DEEP 


*Lychnis 


Deeply colored flat circular flowers 


1-2 J ft. 


June, 


crimson" CRIMSON 


Coronaria 


surmount spikes of silvery-gray wool- 


Sun 


J^y 


33 


MULLEIN 


var. 


ly foliage. Good for cutting. Striking 






brighter 


PINK OR 
DUSTY 


atrosanguinea 


in border. Prop, in spring by seed 
and division. Any ordinary soil. 








MILLER 




Europe. 






"Red" 
18 


CHAMPION 
LAMP 


*Lychnis 
coronata 


Often biennial. Panicles of fringed 
flowers i in. wide. Protect in win- 


i-i$ft. 
Sun or 


June 




FLOWER 


L. gr and i flo- 


ter. Border. Prop, in spring by seed, 


half 








ra, L. fulgens 


division or cuttings. Any soil. 


shade 










Var. speciosa (L. speciosa, L. ful- 












gens var. speciosa). Bushier var. with 












larger flowers than the type. Border. 












Japan; China. 






"Purple 


RED OR 


Lychnis 


See page 115. 




Mid. 


red" 


MORNING 


dioica 






May 


often 31 


CAMPION 


L. diurna 






to late 


brilliant 










June 


"Red" 


SHAGGY 


*Lychnis 


A good species. Flowers varying 


8-12 in. 


Early 


11, 17& 


LYCHNIS 


Haageana 


between orange-red, scarlet and crim- 


Sun or 


June 


18 bril- 






son. A cross between L. fulgens, and 


half 


to 


liant 






L. coronata. Large flowers, in clus- 


shade 


early 








ters 2 in. across, borne in profusion. 




Aug. 








For borders. Prop, by seed, division 












and cuttings. Any light rich soil. 












There are also pink and white forms. 












Horf. 






"Blood 


BRILLIANT 


**Lychnis 


Best var. Flowers in profusion in 


6-20 in. 


June 


red" 


GERMAN 


Viscaria 


showy panicles. Foliage grass-like. 


Sun 




27 


CATCHFLY 


var. sple"ndens 


Pretty for rock-garden or border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any 












light rich soil. Hort. 






"Scarlet" 
18 duller 


SCARLET 
MONKEY 


*Mimulus 

cardinalis 


Erect plant with rather snapdragon- 
like flowers on leafy branching stems. 


2-3 ft. 

Sun or 


June 
to 




FLOWER 




Pretty in border or rock-garden. 


half 


Sept. 








Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 


shade 










Moist soil and much watering. West- 












ern U. S. A. 






"Red" 


OSWEGO 


**Monrda 


A rather coarse free-growing aro- 


if-aift. 


Mid. 


20 


TEA, 


didyma 


matic herb of unusually fine and bril- 


Sun or 


June 


lighter, 


BEE OR 




liant coloring. Effective at a dis- 


shade 


to 


centre 21 


FRAGRANT 




tance, but less attractive at close 




early 


redder 


BALM 




range. Foliage unimportant. Strik- 




Sept. 








ing in groups naturalized along shady 












banks, or planted in roomy border. 












Apt to prove troublesome by spread- 












ing. Prop, by division. Separate often 












in spring. Ordinary soil. N. Amer. 












Var. alba, a white horticultural form. 






"Crim- 


WHORL- 


*MorIna 


Handsome plant with small flowers 


2ft. 


June, 


son" 


FLOWER 


longifolia 


borne in dense whorls forming showy 


Half 


July 


29 turn- 






spikes. Buds white turning pink and 


shade 




ing 






finally crimson. Foliage thistle-like. 






darker 






Good in rock-garden or border. Pro- 












tect in winter. Prop, in autumn by 












seed and division. Sandy loam. N. 












India. 







217 



RED 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Scarlet" 


SCARLET 


Ourisia 


Creeping alpine plant with clus- 


6-12 in. 


June, 


24 deeper 


OURISIA 


coccinea 


tered panicles of 12 drooping pentste- 
mon-like flowers with cream-colored 


Deep 
shade 


July 








anthers rising from a clump of pretty 












heart-shaped leaves. Protect in win- 












ter. Rock-garden. Prop, in spring 
by division. Sheltered spots in stiff 












heavy soil. Chile. 






"Red" 


HERBA- 


**Pae6nia 


See color "various," page 270. 




June 




CEOUS 


vars. 










PEONY 










"Crim- 


COMMON 


**Pbnia 


See page 116. 




Mid. 


son" 


GARDEN 


officinalis 






May to 


33 redder 


PEONY 


& vars. 






mid. 


etc. 




P. fulgida 


* 




June 


"Deep 


FINE- 


*Pae6nia 


See page 116. 




tc 


red" 


LEAVED 


tenuifolia 








20 richer 


PEONY 










"Blood 


BRACTEATE 


*Papaver 


See page 116. 




Late 


red" 


POPPY 


bracteatum 






May to 


17 redder 




P. orientate 






mid. 






var. b. 






June 


"Scarlet" 
bet. 


ORIENTAL 
POPPY 


**Papaver 
orientale 


Showy and vigorous when once es- 
tablished. Flowers 6-9 in. wide, typi- 


3-3 1ft. 

Sun 


Early 
June 


12 & 19 






cally scarlet with black spots; vars. 




to 








in shades of orange and pink less har- 




early 








dy. Foliage remarkably decorative, 




July 








but dies down in middle of summer. 












Excellent in border but must be cut 












down and concealed by other plants 












in July. Prop, by seed and division 












after flowering. Bears transporta- 












tion badly. Rich garden soil. Asia 












Minor; Persia. See Plate, pages 219 












and 220. 












**Var. Parkmanni, Parkman's Ori- 








|S| - . 




ental Poppy, a large strong-growing 
var. with black blotches at the base 








-. ' '-"- *, ; ':' 




of the petals. Difficult to obtain. 








,v .,'-.. -x '; . 




Hort. **Var. "Royal Scarlet," strong- 












growing var. not very different from 












type. Hort. 






"Light 
red" 16 


RUPIFRAGE 
POPPY 


*Papaver 
rupifragum 


See page 117. 




May to 
Aug. 


"Crim- 


CLEVE- 


*Pentstemon 


See page 117. 




Late 


son" 


LAND'S 


Cleveland! 






May to 




PENTSTE- 








mid. 




MON 








June 


"Pur- 


HARTWEG'S 


Pentstemon 


Species from which many hybrids 


3-4 ft. 


June 


plish 
red" 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 


gentianoides 
hybrida 


have sprung, of erect branching habit. 
Drooping tubular flowers in long loose 


Sun 


to 
Sept. 


41 deeper HYBRID 
PENTSTE- 


grandifiora 
P. Hdrtwegi 


clusters. Good for the border. Prop, 
by seed and division. Any good gar- 






MON 


bybrida g. 


den soil. Mexico. 







218 




ORIENTAL POPPY. Papaver orientale. 



2IQ 





22O 



RED 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Red" 


DARK 


Potentilla 


Small strawberry-like flowers some- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


35 


BLOOD-RED 
SILVERY 


argyrophylla 
var. 


times purple borne on branching 
stems. Leaves silvery beneath. Rock- 


Sun 


July 




CINQUE- 


atrosanguinea 


garden or border. Prop, by seed and 








FOIL 


P. atrosan- 


division. Dry sandy soil. Himalaya. 










guinea 








"Red" 


HYBRID 


*Potentilla 


Showy double hybrids not strictly 


2ft. 


June 




CINQUE- 


hybrida vars. 


hardy. Buttercup-like flowers. Dr. 


Sun 


to 




FOIL 




Andre; (color no. 19 & 5), scarlet 




Sept. 




DOUBLE 




flowers with yellow margins. Le 








VARS. 




l/esuve; (color no. 12 brighter and 












darker), light red edged with scarlet 












or yellow. Pretty strawberry-like 
foliage. Border. Protect in winter. 












Prop, by root division in spring. 












Light sandy soil. Hort. 






"Scarlet" 


RUSSELL'S 


*Potentflla 


Rather tender single var., not so 


1-2 ft. 


Early 


bet. 


HYBRID 


Russelliana 


showy as the double forms. Butter- 


Sun 


June 


12 & 15 


CINQUE- 




cup-like velvety blossoms, rich scar- 




to 




FOIL 




let, nearly 2 in. across. Foliage 




Aug.. 








strawberry-like. Pretty in the bor- 












der. Protect slightly in winter. Prop. 












by division in spring. Light sandy 












soil. Hort. 






"Pale 


ATLANTIC 


*Semper- 


Flowers in clusters on stems clothed 


10-12 in. 


June, 


red" 


HOUSELEEK 


vivum 


with reddish brown leaves rise from a 


Sun 


July 


near 22 




Atlanticum 


rosette of pale green pulpy foliage. 












Pretty on walls or dry banks, or as 












carpeting in rock-garden. Prop, by 












division or offsets. Sandy soil. Atlas 












Mts. 






"Red- 


COMMON 


*Semper- 


Starry flowers in compact heads, 


3-4 in. 


Early 


dish" 


RUNNERED 


vivum 


less important than the rosettes of 


Sun 


June 


38 dull 


HOUSELEEK 


flagellifdrme 


pale green pulpy leaves. Rock-gar- 












den, edging and carpeting banks. 












Prop, by division or offsets. Sandy 












soil. Siberia. 






"Mauve 


MOUNTAIN 


*Semper- 


Flowers in compact clusters less in- 


6 in. 


Late 


red" 


HOUSELEEK 


vivum 


teresting than the neat regular ro- 


Sun 


June 


38 dull 




montanum 


settes of hairy dark green leaves. 












Pretty as carpeting in rock-garden. 












Sandy soil. Alps; Pyrenees. 






"Red" 


HOUSE- 


*Sempervi- 


Very common on roofs in Europe. 


i ft. 


June, 


24, 


LEEK, 


vum 


Attractive starry flowers and rather 


Sun 


July 


centre 33 


OLD-MAN- 


tectorum 


cactus-like foliage. Pulpy green 








AND- 




leaves tipped with reddish brown, in 








WOMAN 




small compact rosettes. Rock-garden, 












wall or edging. Prop, by offsets. Dry 












soil. Mts. of Europe and Asia. 






"Crim- 


FIRE PINK 


*Silene 


Profuse bloomer. Flowers 2 in. 


I -2 ft. 





son" 20 




Virginica 


wide, in loose clusters, borne near the 


Sun 




brighter 






ground. Rock-garden. Prop, by divi- 






& lighter 






sion or preferably by seed. Sandy 












loam. U. S. A. 







221 



RED, PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


PINK ROOT, 


*Spigelia 


Handsome herb wild in rich woods. 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


red" 20, 


WORM 


Marylandica 


Tubular flowers, rich red without and 


Sun or 


June 


4 inside 


GRASS 




greenish yellow within, borne on tufts 


shade 


to 








of slender stems. Border. Loose 




early 








loam, leaf-mold and peat. Southern 




Aug. 








U. S. A. 






"Bright 


RED 


Tradescantia 


See page 1 1 7. 




Late 


red" 


SPIDER- 


Virginiana 






May 




WORT 


var. coccinea 






to late 












Aug. 


"Brown- 


ILL- 


*Trfllium 


See page 36. 




Late 


ish red" 


SCENTED 


ere"ctum 






Apr. to 


28 neu- 


WAKE- 


7. pendulum, 






early 


tral* 


ROBIN 


T. purpureum 






June 


lighter 




T. f&tidum 








"Bright 


COMMON 


**Tulipa 


See page 118. 




Mid. 


red" 


GARDEN 


Gesneriana 






May to 


bet. 


OR LATE 








early 


20&26 


TULIP 








June 


"Deep 


PERSIAN 


^thionema 


Excellent dwarf plant; shrubby. 


9 in. 


June 


rose" 


CANDYTUFT 


Pe"rsicum 


Similar to /. coridifolium and /. 


Sun 










grandiflorum. Good for edging and 












for rock-garden. Prop, by seed and 












cuttings. A sandy soil is necessary. 












Persia. 






"Pink" 


MOUNTAIN 


Antennaria 


Neat alpine plant of spreading hab- 


3-6 in. 


H 


32 deeper 


EVER- 


dioica 


it. Flower heads in crowded clusters. 


Sun 






LASTING, 


Gnaphalium 


Whitish woolly foliage. Useful for 








CAT'S-EAR 


dioicum 


carpeting rockwork or edging. Prop. 












by seed, more frequently by division 












in spring. Any soil. A. tomentosa of 












the trade is a form of this with white 










' 


flowers; much used for edging and 












carpeting, on account of its silvery 












foliage. Northern U. S. A.; Britain. 






"Rose 


ARETHUSA, 


Arethusa 


See page 1 18. 




May, 


pink" 


INDIAN 


bulbosa 






June 


29 dull 


PINK 










"Pink" 


CUSHION 


**Armeria 


See page 118. 




Mid. 


27 lighter 


PINK, 


maritima 






May to 




SEA-SIDE 


A. vulgaris 






mid. 




THRIFT, 








June 




SEA TURF, 












CLIFF ROSE 










"Intense 


LAUCHE'S 


**Armeria 


See page 39. 




Late 


pink" 


THRIFT OR 


maritima var. 






Apr. to 


27 lighter 


SEA PINK 


Laucheana 






mid. 






A. L. 






June 


"Pink" 


CHRISTMAS- 


Astrantia 


Rather straggling plant with small 


I -2 ft. 


June 


36 deep 


ROSE- 


helleborifblia 


flowers in tight umbels, having an un- 


Sun 




& green 


LEAVED 
MASTER- 




pleasant odor Leaves palmately di- 
vided. For border or bank. Prop, by 








WORT 




division in fall or spring. Any good 












rather moist soil. Caucasus. 







222 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink- 


BLACK 


Astrantia 


Small striped flowers in tight clus- 


I -2 ft. 


June 


ish" 


HELLE- 


major 


ters. Leaves palmately divided. Bor- 


Sun 






BORE, 




der or rock-garden. Prop, in fall or 








GREAT 




spring by division. Any good soil 








BLACK 




preferably moist. Europe. 








MASTER- 












WORT 










"Pink" 


ENGLISH 


*Bfllis 


See page 39. 




Mid. 


29 & 


DAISY 


pere*nnis 






Apr. to 


white 










mid. 












June 


"Purple 


GRASS PINK 


Calopbgon 


Charming native Orchid. Clusters 


i2-i8in. 


June, 


pink" 


ORCHIS 


pulche*llus 


of flowers, i in. across, in varying 


Shade 


July 


40 duller 




Limodorum 
tuberosum 


shades of pink and magenta-purple, 
rise above the grass-like foliage. 












Choice bog plant and sometimes grown 












in rock-gardens. Bulbous. Prop, by 












offsets which do not flower for some 












years. Moist porous soil. Eastern 
N. Amer. 






"Pink" 


CALYPSO 


Calypso 


See page 121 




May, 


22 




boreilis 






June 






C. bulbdsa 








"Pink" 


DOUBLE 


Cardamine 


Belongs to Wallflower order. Varies 


9-20 in. 


June 


29 lighter 


CUCKOO 


prate"nsis var. 


to white. Flowers v in terminal clus- 


Sun or 






FLOWER 
OR LADY'S 


fldre-pleno 


ters. Deeply cut foliage springing 
from the root and on the stalks. Bor- 


shade 






SMOCK 




der or rock-garden. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Moist soil. Europe. 




" * '. 


"Pur- 
plish 


HOARY 
CEDRO- 


*Cedrone*lla 
cana 


Branching sub-shrub. Light whorls 
of flowers, with blue stamens, form 


1-3 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 


pink" 


NELLA 




showy spikes. Profuse bloomer. Fra- 




Sept. 


near 27 






grant silvery foliage. Not very hardy. 












Winter protection needed. Makes a 












pleasing effect in elevated position in 












rock-garden. Mexico. 






"Deep 


WHITENED 


Centaurea 


Compact bushy plant. Flowers 


8-24 in. 


Late 


pink" 


KNAPWEED 


dealbata 


with white or pink centres. Foliage 


Sun or 


June 


31 






silvery underneath and deep green 


shade 


to 








above. Fairly good border plant. 




early 








Prop, by seed and division. W. Asia. 




Aug. 


"Rose" 


ROSY 


**Centaurea 


See page 121. 




Late 


40 duller 


MOUNTAIN 


montana 






May to 




BLUET 


var. rdsea 






early 












July 


"Pur- 
plish 


SMALL 
ROSE OR 


*Coreopsis 
rdsea 


Branching species. Daisy-like flow- 
ers with yellow centres and rose-col- 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 


rose" 


PINK 




ored rays, about f in. across. Border. 




Sept. 


36 deep 


TICKSEED 




Any ordinary soil. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Pink" 


CROWN- 


*Coronflla 


Low straggling tufted plant. Flow- 


I -2 ft. 


" 


39 


VETCH 


varia 


ers pea-shaped, in dense clusters, 


Sun 










forming sheets of pretty pink and 












white bloom. Good for carpeting 












ledges, etc. Prop, by seed. Any ordi- 












nary garden soil, preferably dry. Eu- 












rope. 







223 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 
29 


CROSS- 
WORT, 


*Crucianella 
stylosa 


Pretty dwarf plant with a rather 
unpleasant odor. Flowers small but 


6-9 in. 
Half 


June 
to 




FCETID 


Asperula 


showy. Shaggy foliage in whorls. 


shade 


Sept. 




CRUCIAN- 


ciliata 


Does well on sandy banks; is also 








ELLA 




used in the border or rock-garden. 












Prop, by seed and division. Rather 












light loam. Persia. 






"Pur- 


STEMLESS 


*Cypripedium 


See page 121. 




Early 


plish 


LADY'S 


acaule 






May, 


pink" 29 


SLIPPER 








June 


"Deep 


ALPINE 


*Dianthus 


Alpine plant forming a carpet 


3-4 in. 


June, 


rose" 


PINK 


alpinus 


which is covered with flowers i in. 


Sun 


July 


29 duller 






across, spotted crimson with dark 






& pale 






ring. Dark foliage in shining tufts. 












Choice rock-garden plant. Guard 












against drought and wire-worms. 












Prop, by seed and division. Warm 












light loam. Russia; S. Eastern Eu- 












rope. 






"Delicate 


CHEDDAR 


*Dianthus 


See page 121. 




Late 


pink" 


PINK 


csfesius 






May to 


27 light 










early 












July 


"Deep 


MAIDEN 


**Dianthus 


See page 121. 




May, 


red pink" 


PINK 


deltoides 






June 


31 












"Deep 


GLACIER 


*Dinthus 


Attractive species of low habit; 


3-4 in- 


June 


rose" 


PINK 


glacialis 


erect and tufted with lovely toothed 


Sun 




32 




D. neglectus 


scentless flowers. Pointed grass-like 












leaves. Rather difficult to grow. 












Rock-garden in elevated position. 












Prop, best by division, also by seed 












and cuttings. Rich light well-drained 












soil. Mts. of S. Europe. 






"Pink" 


BROAD- 


**Dianthus 


Similar to Sweet William with large 


6-12 in. 


June 


25, 27, 


LEAVED 


latifblius 


double flowers in tight clusters and 


Sun 


to 


28, 33, 


PINK 


(Hort.) 


broader leaves. Plant in the border 




Sept. 


34 & 35 






or rock-garden. Prop, best by divi- 










,. 


sion. Rich light soil. Hort. 






"Pur- 


PALE- 


*Dianthus 


Densely tufted with a profusion of 


6 in. 


June 


plish 


FLOWERED 


pallidiflorus 


flowers. Makes a desirable border 


Sun 




rose" 


PINK 




plant. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 






36 






tings. Rich light soil. Russia. 






"Rose" 


ROCK PINK 


*Dianthus 


A charming species. Leaves in 


6 in. 


Mid. 


36 light 




petraeus 


dense tufts 2 in. high from which rise 


Sun 


June 








numerous flower-stalks bearing sin- 




to 








gle flowers. "It escapes the attacks of 




Aug. 








wire-worms." Suitable for the rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Light sandy moist loam. E. Europe. 






"Pink" 


SCOTCH, 


**Dianthus 


See page 122 and Plate, page 225. 




Late 


36, or 37 


COMMON 


plumarius 






May 




GRASS 








to late 




GARDEN OR 








June 




PHEASANT'S 












EYE PINK 











224 




SCOTCH PINK VARS. Dianthus plumarius vat 



225 



OF 'HE 
UNIVLH^IVV 




226 



ROBUST EREMURUS. Eremurus robustus. 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 


GARDEN 
PINK 


**Dianthus 
plumarius 


The type of which the following are 
varieties is described in May. Fringed 


8-12 in. 
Sun 


June 






vars. 


flowers. Essex Witch; fragrant flow- 












ers dark pink. A free bloomer; good 












for cutting. Rock-garden or border. 












New Mound; fragrant double flow- 












ers, very pale pink. Useful for cut- 












ting. Thrives well in the border. 












Var. roseus ftore-pleno; (color no. 29), 












very fragrant double flowers, clear 












rose-pink. Useful for cutting and 












pleasing in the border. Prop, by cut- 












tings or layers. Rich light soil. Hort. 












See Plate, page 225. 






"Pur- 


SEGUIER'S 


**Dianthus 


Scentless flowers borne on leafless 


i ft. 


Late 


plish 
rose" 


PINK 


Seguierii 


stalks. Splendid border plant, pro- 
ducing a striking mass of color. Prop. 


Sun 


June, 
July 


31 






by seed and cuttings. Rich light soil. 












Europe; Asia. 






"Deep 


WILD 


**Dice*ntra 


Bears numerous heart-shaped blos- 


1-2 ft. 


Early 


rose" 


BLEEDING 


eximia 


soms in long drooping racemes. Foli- 


Half 


June 


25 


HEART 


Di'elytra 


age fern-like and graceful. Useful in 


shade 


to 






eximia 


rock-garden and mixed border. Prop. 




Aug. 








by division. Rich sandy soil. West- 












ern N. Y.; Mts. of Va. 






"Rose" 


CALIFORNIA 


*Dice*ntra 


See page 122. 




Late 


23 


BLEEDING 


formbsa 






May, 




HEART 








June 


"Rose" 


BLEEDING 


**Dice*ntra 


See page 40. 




Late 


30 


HEART 


spectabilis 






Apr. 






Di'elytra s. 






to mid. 












July 


"Pur- 


RED GAS 


**Dicta'mnus 


Not so pretty as D. albus. Bushy 


2-3 ft. 


[une, 


plish 


PLANT OR 


albus 


plant. Fragrant flowers in racemes 


Sun or 


[uly 


pink" 


FRAXI- 


var. rubra 


surmount the glossy foliage. Do not 


half 




32 


NELLA 


D. Fraxinella 


crowd or disturb often. Flowers last 


shade 








var. rubra 


well when cut. Prop, by seed planted 












when ripe or by division. Moderately 












rich heavy soil. Hort. 






"Rose" 


JEFFREY'S 


*Dodecatheon 


See page 122. 




May, 


29 


SHOOTING 


[effreyi 






fune 




STAR, 
AMERICAN 












COWSLIP 










"Shell- 


HEDGE- 


Schinocactus 


Beautiful hardy little Cactus which 


6-8 in. 


[une 


pink" 
bet. 


HOG 
THISTLE, 


Simpsoni 


grows in a globe-shaped mass, 3-5 in. 
in diameter, and is covered with vari- 


Sun 


o 
Sept. 


24 & 17 


SIMPSON'S 




ously colored spines, .out of which 








CACTUS 




spring large and beautiful flowers 












which are sometimes yellowish. Prop. 












by seed or cuttings. Dry soil in rock- 












garden. Col. 







227 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Ma- 
genta" 


GREAT 
WILLOW 


Epilobium 
angustifolium 


Native, often seen where woods 
have been burned off. Showy flowers 


3-5 ft. 

Half 


June 
to 


40 


HERB, FIRElCamanerion 


sometimes pink, in spikes. Leaves 


shade 


early 




WEED, 
FRENCH 


angustifolium 


resemble those of Willow. Pretty for 
rough shrubbery and in masses beside 




Aug. 




WILLOW 




water. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. N. Amer. 






"Peach- 
colored" 


ROBUST 
EREMURUS 


*Eremurus 
robustus 


A handsome species. Gigantic plant 
with dense spikes, sometimes 4 ft. 


6-10 ft. 
Sun 


June, 
July 


38 






long, of large starry flowers borne high 












above the clump of long leaves which 












disappear after flowering season. 












Protect in winter and guard against 












the spring frost. Group in a sheltered 












situation. Prop, by division. Deep 












rich sandy soil. Turkestan. See 












Plate, page 226. 






"Deep 


DIFFUSE 


Erythr&a 


Biennial plant of Gentian family, 


2-3 in. 


June 


rose" 


CENTAURY 


diffusa 


having a profusion of small bright 


Sun or 




29 




. Mdsoni 


flowers and shining leaves. Protect in 


half 










winter. Charming in the rock-garden.- 


shade 










Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Light sandy loam. Europe. 






"Pink" 


ARMENIAN 


Geranium 


Best species. Flowers abundant, 


2*- 4 ft. 


June, 


24 


CRANES- 


Armenum 


large and showy. Leaves springing 


Sun 


July 




BILL 


G. Back- 


from root, are deeply divided and 










bousianum 


have curved contours. Border or 












rock-garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Any good soil. Armenia. 






"Rose" 


ENDRESS'S 


Geranium 


See page 122. 




Late 


38 


CRANES- 


Endressi 






May 




BILL 








to late 












June 


"Light 


LANCASTER 


*Geranium 


A dwarf var. with purple veined 


i ft. 


June, 


pink" 


CRANES- 


sanguineum 


flowers; paler than type. Edge of 


Half 


July 


veined 


BILL 


var. Lancas- 


shrubbery or border. Prop, by seed 


shade 




with 26 




trie"nse 


and division. Any ordinary soil. 












Europe. 






"Pale 


CREEPING 


*Gyps6phila 


Trailing or spreading habit. Myri- 


6 in. 


Early 


pink" 


CHALK- 


repens 


ads of tiny flowers, almost white, in 


Sun 


[une 


36 


PLANT 


G. prostrata 


graceful panicles on slender stems. 




:o 








Foliage light green. Excellent for 




mid. 








rock-garden. Prop, by seed, division 




July 








or cuttings. Fairly dry garden soil. 












Pyrenees; Alps. 






"Pink" 


MANY- 


Hed^sarum 


Pea-like flowers, occasionally pur- 


2-5 ft. 


fune 


22 light 


PAIRED 


multijugum 


plish, spotted with yellow, in long 


Sun 


o 




FRENCH 




racemes. Foliage grayish green, com- 




early 




HONEY- 




posed of many leaflets. Rock-garden. 




Aug. 




SUCKLE 




Prop, by seed and division. Light 












well-drained soil. Armenia. 






"Rose" 


CHANGE- 


Helianthe- 


Shrubby evergreen plant. Pale 


8-12 in. 


Early 




ABLE ROCK 
ROSE 


mum vulgare 
var. mutabile 


flowers, yellow at the base, changing 
quickly to white. Glossy low mat of 


Sun j 


[une, 
[uly 








foliage. Rock-garden. Protect 












slightly in winter. Prop, by seed, 












division and cuttings. Sandy loam. 







228 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


DELAVAY'S 


*Incarvfllea 


Clusters of large trumpet-shaped 


I -2 ft. 


Early 


plish 


INCAR- 


Delaviyi 


flowers terminate the flower stalks 


Sun 


June 


rose" 


VILLEA 




which rise above a spreading clump 




to 


bet. 






of coarse fern-like foliage. A good 




mid. 


32 & 40 






border plant for sheltered positions. 




July 








Prop, by seed and division. Rich 












loam mixed with sand. China. 






"Pink" 


REDDISH 


*Lilium 


See page 122. 




Late 


29, spots 


LILY 


rubellum 






May, 


34 










early 












June 


"Pale 


TWIN 


Linnaga 


Wild in mossy woods and cold bogs. 


4-6 in. 


June, 


pink" 


FLOWER 


borealis 


Trailing evergreen bearing fragrant 


Half 


July 


36 or 43 






bell-shaped flowers in pairs on erect 


shade 










stalks rising above a dense matting of 












tiny leaves. Charming carpeting for 












rock or bog garden. Prop, by division, 












rarely by cuttings. Moist peaty soil. 












Europe; Asia; N. Amer. 






"Pink" 


RAGGED 


*Lchnis 


Deep or light pink flowers in lax 


I -2 ft. 


u 


27 light, 


ROBIN, 


Flos-cuculi 


clusters; abundant and continuous in 


Sun 




29 pale 


CUCKOO 




bloom. Lance-shaped leaves. Much 








FLOWER 




grown in old-fashioned gardens. Prop, 
by seed, division or cuttings. Any 












ordinary garden soil. Europe; N. 












Asia. Double vars., red or white. 






"Light 


DOUBLE 


*Lchnis 


See page 122. 




Late 


pink" 


CUCKOO 


Flos-ciiculi 






May 


29 pale 


FLOWER OR 


var. 






to late 




RAGGED 


plenissima 






June 




ROBIN 


L. p. semper- 












florens 








"Bright 


JUPITER'S 


*Lychnis 


Rather small flowers in thick clus- 


i2-i8in. 


June, 


rose" 
31 


FLOWER, 
UMBELLED 


F16s-Jovis 

Agrostemma 


ters, continuing long in bloom. Foli- 
age soft and downy. Good for cutting 


Sun 


July 




LYCHNIS 


Flos-Jovis 


and rock-garden. Prop, by seed. 












Any soil. Europe. 






"Rosy 


GERMAN 


*Lchnis 


See page 125. 




Mid. 


red" 


CATCHFLY 


Viscaria 






May 


31 










to late 












June 


"Deep 


ALCEA 


*Malva 


Large flowers in clusters form 


2-4 ft. 


June 


rose" 


MALLOW 


Alcea 


masses of effective bloom. Good pale 


Sun 


to 


29 






green foliage. Excellent for border, 




Sept. 








but requires space. Prop, by seed and 












division. Any soil. Europe. 






"Pink- 


BRAD- 


Monarda 


A rather coarse aromatic herb. Odd 


I*-2*ft. 


June 


ish" 


BURY'S 


Bradburiana 


flowers with dark spots. Effective in 


Sun 




45 in 


MONARDA 


M . amplexi- 


masses on banks or in the border. 






effect 




caiilis 


Prop, by seed and division. Separate 












often in autumn. Light dry soil. 












Indiana, South and West. 






"Pur- 


MEXICAN 


*(Enothera 


Sometimes biennial. Shrubby 


1-2 ft. 


June, 


plish 


PRIMROSE 


rosea 


bushy habit. Small flowers. Rock- 


Sun 


July 


pink" 






garden or low border. Prop, by seed 






31 






and cuttings. Any soil. Mexico. 







229 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Light 
pink" 


SAINFOIN, 
HOLY 


On6brychis 
sativa 


Flowers are borne in loose spikes. 
Leaves small and many. Border 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 

July 




CLOVER 


0. vicicejblia, 


plant. Any ordinary soil. Europe. 










Hedysarum 












onobrycbis 








"Pink" 


THORNY 


Ondnis 


A dwarf sub-shrub. Showy pea- 


I -2 ft. 





32 


REST 


spinbsus 


shaped flowers. Border or margin of 


Sun 






HARROW 


O. arvensis 


shrubbery. Prop, by seed and divi- 










var. spinosus 


sion. Ordinary garden soil. Europe. 






"Pur- 


WILD OR 


Origanum 


Branching plant. Flowers in clus- 


2ft. 





plish 


POT 


vulgare 


ters. Foliage fragrant, used in medi- 


Sun 




pink" 


MARJORAM 




cine and for seasoning. Prop, by seed 






bet. 






and division in early fall or spring. 






37 & 38 






Any garden soil. Europe. 






"Pink" 


HERBA- 


**Pse6nia 


See color "various," page 268. 




June 




CEOUS 


vars. 










PEONY 










"Rose" 


LARGE 


Paebnia 


See page 125. 




Mid. 


29 


ROSY TREE 


Moutdn var. 






May 




PEONY 


r6sea supe"rba 






to 






P. M. "Reine 


; * 




mid. 






Elizabeth," 






June 






" Triompbe de 












Grand" 








"Delicate 


DOUBLE 


Paeo-nia 


See page 125. 




M 


rose" 


RED TREE 


Moutan var. 








bet. 


PEONY 


rubra plena 








26&27 












"Pale 
pink" 
22 


ORIENTAL 
POPPY 
BLUSH 


**Papaver 
orientale 
"Blush 


Showy and vigorous. Large flow- 
ers with deep purple blotch at base of 
petals. Foliage strikingly decorative, 


2-3 *ft. 
Sun 


Early 
June 
to 




QUEEN 


Queen" 


but dies down completely in Aug. 
Effective massed in border, but sup- 




early 
July 








plement with other plants to avoid a 










. 


bare spot in late summer. Prop, by 












seed and division after flowering. Dif- 












ficult to transplant. Rich garden soil. 












Hort. 






"Pink or 


BEARDED 


*Pentstemon 


Popular species. Graceful tufted 


2-3 ft. 


Early 


carmine" 


PENTSTE- 


barbatus 


plant bearing many erect flower stems 


Sun 


June 


32 


MON 


Cbelone 


from which droop the tubular bearded 




to 


varying 




barbata 


flowers varying from flesh color to 




mid. 








carmine. Leaves smooth and gray- 




July 








ish green. Very desirable for rock- 












garden or border. Prop, by seed and 












division. Any good garden soil, not 












too dry or hot. Mexico, N. to Col. 






"Pur- 
plish 
rose" 


TUBEROUS 
JERUSA- 
LEM SAGE 


Phlbmis 

tuberosa 


Vigorous plant of coarse habit. 
Flowers in compact whorls along the 
branches. Heart-shaped leaves on the 


3-6 ft. 
Sun 


June, 

July 


32 






stems and in clumps at the base of the 












plant. Shrubbery or wild garden. 












Prop, by seed and division. Ordinary 












soil. Europe; Asia. See Plate, p. 205. 







230 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


CAROLINA 


*Phl6x 


Showy plant taller but similar to 


I-2*ft. 


June, 


rose" 


PHLOX 


Carolina 


P. ovata. Terminal clusters of small 


Sun 


July 


40 lighter 




P. ovata 


flowers on erect stalks. Leaves nar- 












row and tapering, springing mostly 












from the root. Pretty in border. For 












cultivation see P. ovata. Mts. Pa. to 












Ala. 






"Rose" 


SHRUBBY 


*Phlox 


More rigid and with broader leaves 


1-2* ft. 


June 


often 45 


SMOOTH- 


glabeYrima 


than P. glaberrima. Flowers some- 


Sun 


to 


lighter 


LEAVED 


var. 


times flesh-colored. Good in border. 




early 




PHLOX 


suffruticbsa 


Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 




Aug. 






P. sufiruti- 


Moist rich soil. U. S. A. 










cosa, P. nitida 








"Red- 


MOUNTAIN 


*Phl6z ovata 


Erect habit, the flowers being borne 


i-iift. 


June, 


dish 


PHLOX 


P. tri flora 


in small dense terminal clusters above 


Sun 


July 


pink" 






the foliage. Border or rock-garden. 






31 bril- 






Prop, by seed, division and cuttings. 






liant 






Soil rich or moist. Wooded Mts. of S. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






"Rose" 


CRAWLING 


*Phlox 


See page 125. 




May, 


27 lighter 


PHLOX 


re"ptans 






June 


& redder 




P. stolonifera 








"Pur- 
plish 


FLOWERING 
WINTER- 


Polygala 
paucifblia 


See page 125. 







rose" 


GREEN, 










40 duller 


GAY WINGS, 












FRINGED 












MILKWORT 












OR POLY- 












GALA 




.-^ 






"Rose" 


HYBRID 


*Potentilla 


Rather tender single var., not so 


I -2 ft. 


Early 


26 


CINQUE- 
FOIL 


Hapwoodiana 


showy as the double forms. Butter- 
cup-like velvety blossoms. Margins 


Sun 


June 
to 








and base of petals deep rose; centre 




Aug. 






- 


pale rose or pale straw-color. Foliage 
strawberry-like. Pretty in the border. 
Protect slightly in winter. Prop, by 
division in spring. Light sandy soil. 












Hort. 






"Deep 
rose" 


NEPAL 
CINQUE- 


*Potentffla 
Nepale"nsis 


See page 125. 




May, 
June 


26 


FOIL 


P. formosa, 












P. coccinea 








"Rose" 


CORTUSA- 


*Primula 


See page 126. 




May to 


26 


LEAVED 


cortusoides 






early 




PRIMROSE 








June 


"Flesh- 


MISTASSINI 


*Primula 


See page 126. 




May, 


color" 


OR DWARF 


Mistassinica 






June 


22 


CANADIAN 


P. farinosa 










PRIMROSE 


var. M., 












P. pusilla 








"Rose" 


PRAIRIE 


Sabbatia 


Branching annual or biennial plant 


6-15 in. 


Late 


38 more 
violet 


SABBATIA 


campe"stris 


belonging to the Gentian family. Sol- 
itary flowers borne on leafy stalks. 


Sun 


June, 

July 








Prop, by spring or fall sown seed. 












Soil light and dry. N. Amer. 







231 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rose" 


PINK 


*Salvia 


Flowers an in. long, clustered in 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


about 25 


MEADOW 
SAGE 


prate*nsis 
var. r6sea 


spikes. Foliage heart-shaped and 
wrinkled. Border or wild garden. 


Sun 


early 

July 








Prop, by seed. Good garden soil. 












Europe. 






"Pink" 


ROCK 


*Saponaria 


See page 126. 




Late 


38 paler 


SOAPWORT 


ocymoides 






May to 


& more 










Aug. 


violet 












"Pur- 


NODDING 


*Scfflafestalis 


See page 126. 




May, 


plish 


WOOD 


var. ce"rnua 






early 


pink" 


HYACINTH 


S. nutans 






June 


often 46 




var. c. 








"Pink" 


PINK WOOD 


Scflla festalis 


See page 126. 




May to 


36 


HYACINTH 


var. r&sea 






early 






5. nutans 






June 






var. r. 








"Flesh- 


FLESH- 


**Scffla 


See page 126. 




Late 


color" 


COLORED 


Hispanica 






May, 


22 dull 


SPANISH 


var. carnea 






June 




SQUILL 


S. campanu- 












lata var. c. 












S. pdtula 












var. c. 








"Rose" 


ROSE- 


**Scflla 


See page 126. 




(i 


36 


COLORED 


Hispanica 










SPANISH 


var. rosea 










SQUILL 


S. campanu- 












lata, S. pdtula 








"Rose" 
29 centre 


FRENCH 
GALAX 


Schizocodon 

soldanelloides 


Mountain-loving plant of tufted 
habit. Prettily fringed flowers, deep 


5-6 in. 

Shade 


June 


to 26 






rose in the centre, fading almost to 






edge 






white at the edges. Leaves evergreen, 












slightly tinted with bronze. Rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed. Sandy peat. 












Mts. Japan. 






"Pale 
pink" 


AUVERGNE 
HOUSELEEK 


*Sempervi- 
vum 


Grown for its foliage. Small starry 
flowers with red anthers and fila- 


6-8 in. 
Sun 


June 

July 


38 




Arverne'nse 


ments, in clusters of 8 or 9. Pale 












green succulent leaves in rosettes. 












Pretty as carpeting in rock-garden. 












Prop, by seed or offsets. Sandy soil. 












France. 






"Pale 


PURPLE- 


*Semper- 


A good species. Thick rosettes of 


10-12 in. 


June 


rose" 


TIPPED 


vivum 


grayish green leaves, tipped with red, 


Sun 




36 & li 


HOUSELEEK 


calcareum 


more attractive than the clusters of 










S. Califdr- 
nicum 


flowers. Pretty as carpeting for rock- 
garden. Prop, by division or offsets. 












Sandy soil. Alps of Dauphiny. 






"Pink" 


PINK 


Sidalcea 


More or less erect plant. Satiny 


3 ft. 


June, 


29 lighter 


BEAUTY 


malvaefl&ra 
var. Listen 


fringed flowers 2-3 in. across, in ter- 
minal clusters. Good for cutting and 


Sun 


July 






S. Listeri 


border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any garden soil. Europe. 







232 



MAGENTA TO PINK, PURPLE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rose 


AUTUMN 


Silene 


Cushion-like plant. Flowers in 


4-6 in. 


June 


pink" 


CATCHFLY 


Schafta 


clusters on stems springing from ro- 


Sun 


to 


38 






settes of leaves. Rock-garden or edg- 




Sept. 








ing. Prop, by seed and division. 












Sandy loam. Caucasus. 






"Deep 


QUEEN 


*Spirsea 


Wild in meadows and prairies. 


2-4 ft. 


Early 


pink" 


OF THE 


lobata 


Spreading clusters of feathery flow- 


Half 


June 


24 bril- 


PRAIRIE 


S. palmata, 


ers on erect leafy stems. Beautiful 


shade 


to 


liant 




Filipendula 


foliage. Effective in masses by water- 




early 






lobata, 


side. Prop, by seed and division. 




July 






Ulmaria 


Moist rich soil. Eastern U. S. A. 










rubra 








"Car- 


PALMATE- 


**Spirsea 


The best species of Spiraea. Broad 


2-4 ft. 


Late 


mine" 


LEAVED 


palmata 


clusters of brilliant flowers borne on 


Half 


June, 


26 deep 


MEADOW 


Ulmaria 


erect stems. Tufted root-leaves pal- 


shade 


July 




SWEET 


purpurea 


mately divided. Border or water- 










Filipendula 


side. Prop, by seed and division. A 










purpurea 


fairly rich, moist soil. Japan. 






"Pink" 


ELEGANT 


**Spiraea 


Decorative plant. Flowers profuse, 


i -3 ft. 


it 


22 


PALMATE- 


palmata var. 


in feathery clusters. Good for cutting. 


Half 






LEAVED 


6*legans 


Fine foliage. Border or water-side. 


shade 






SPIR^A 


Ulmaria 


Prop, by seed and division. Moist 










rubra var. 


rich soil. Japan. 










elegans 








"Rose" 


HILL- 


Statice collina 


Branching plant. Small flowers in 


i ft. 


June, 




LOVING 


S. Besseriana 


spikes. Foliage grayish. Plant in 


Sun 


July 




SEA 




isolated clumps or in rock-garden. 








LAVENDER 




Prop, by seed and division. Sandy 












well-drained soil. S. Eastern Europe; 












W. Asia. 






"Pink" 


SAXIFRAGE- 


"Tunica 


Charming little spreading herb. 


6-10 in. 


<( 


29 lighter 


LIKE 


Saxifraga 


Quantities of tiny flowers varying 


Sun 






TUNICA 




from pale to dark pink. Minute dark 












green foliage. Attractive in rock- 












garden or edge of border. Prop, by seed 












and division. Any soil. Asia; S. Europe. 






"Pink" 


COMMON 


Valeriana 


Very hardy, spreads rapidly. Small 


2-5 ft. 


June 


36 


VALERIAN, 


officinalis 


aromatic flowers form dense clusters. 


Sun 






GARDEN 




Foliage fragrant and showy. Border 








HELIO- 




or wild garden. Prop, by seed and 








TROPE, ST. 
GEORGE'S 




division. Any garden soil. Europe; 
Asia. 








HERB 










"Pink" 


PINK LONG- 


Ver6nica 


Hardy in southern New England. 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


near 45 


LEAVED 


iongifolia 


Abundant flowers in dense spikes. 


Sun 


July 




SPEEDWELL 


var. rbsea 


Good foliage. Border. Prop, by divi- 












sion or cuttings. Garden soil. Europe. 






"Pink" 


PINK SPIKE- 


*Ver6nica 


Conspicuous plant. Flowers in long 


I ^-2 ft. 





29 light 


FLOWERED 


spicata 


dense spikes. Pretty in border. Prop. 


Sun 






SPEEDWELL 


var. r&sea 


by division. Any garden soil. Hort. 






"Deep 


WILD 


**Aconitum 


Graceful and of almost vine-like 


3-5 ft. 


Mid. 


purple" 
49 darker 


MONKS- 
HOOD 


uncinatum 


habit. Hanging helmet-shaped flow- 
ers in loose panicles. Stems slender. 


Sun or 
half 


June 
to 








Foliage deeply cut. Good border 


shade 


Sept. 








plant. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any garden soil. Japan; Southern 












U. S. A. 







233 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple" 
47 


GLAND 
BELL- N . 


*Aden6phora 
Lamarckii 


Similar to the Campanula. Droop- 
ing funnel-form flowers in many-flow- 


1-2 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 




FLOWER 




ered racemes. Border plant. Should 




Sept. 


i 






not be disturbed when established. 












Prop, by seed preferably, or by cut- 












tings in spring. Light, rich loam. E. 












Europe. 






"Rosy 


MT. 


^thionema 


Dainty flowers in tight clusters on 


4-6 in. 


June 


lilac" 


LEBANON 


cordifolium 


leafy stems. Very pretty for rock- 


Sun 




43 


CANDYTUFT 


Iberis juciinda 


garden. Prop, in spring by seed, in 












summer by cuttings. A sandy soil is 












necessary. Lebanon; Taurus. 






"Lilac" 


LARGE- 


^)thionema 


See page 127. 




May to 


26 


FLOWERED grandifldrum 






Aug. 


purpler 


LEBANON 












CANDYTUFT 










"Purple" 


BROAD- 


Allium 


See page 127. 




May, 


47 


STEMMED ! platycaule 






June 




ONIONWORT A. anceps 








"Purple" SHARP- *Aquilegia 


See page 127. 







56 or 49 SEPALED oxyse"pala 










COLUMBINE 








"Purple" 


EUROPEAN 


*Aquilegia 


See page 127. 




Mid. 


56 or 49 


COLUMBINE 


vulgaris 






May to 






A. stellata, 






July 






A. atrata 








"Pinkish 


ALPINE 


*Armeria 


See page 43. 




Late 


laven- 


THRIFT 


alpina 






Apr. to 


der" 37 










mid. 












June 


"Laven- 


PLANTAIN- 


*Armeria 


See page 128. 




Mid. 


der" near 
37 


LIKE 
THRIFT 


plantaginea 






May 
to late 












June 


"Green- 


ASARA- 


Asarum > 


See page 128. 




May, 


ish 


BACCA, 


Europeeum 






June 


purple" 


HAZEL- 












WORT 










"Violet" 


BLUE 


**Aster 


See page 128. 




Late 


46 


ALPINE 


alpinus 






May 




ASTER 








to late 












June 


"Dark 


OREGON 


Bolandra 


A compact neat plant with flowers 


15-20 in. 


June 


purple" 


BOLANDRA 


Oregana 


in flat-topped clusters. Suitable for 


Sun 










damp situation in the rock-garden. 












Recently introduced. Oregon. 






"Purple" 


LARGE 


Brunella 


Flowers in heads rise above the 


8-12 in. 


June, 


47 dull 


SELF-HEAL 


grandiflbra 
B. Pyrenaica 


thick foliage. Pretty for rock-garden 
and for carpeting. Any soil not too 


Half 
shade 


July 








dry. Europe. 






"Purple" 


ALPINE 


Calammtha 


Branching tufted plant with fra- 


6 in. 


June 


48 


CALAMINT 


alpina 


grant flowers, similar to those of 


Sun 










Thyme, borne in whorls. Plant in the 












rock-garden. Prop, by seed, division 












in spring, or cuttings. Any garden 












soil. S. Europe. 







234 




235 





236 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Lilac 


TOM 


Calammtha 


Pretty and minute alpine plant of 


3 in. 


June, 


purple" 


THUMB 


glabella 


tufted habit, the flowers having an 


Sun 


July 


23 dull 


CALAMINT 




aromatic fragrance. Rock-garden. 












Prop, by division. Sandy loam. N. 












Amer. 






"Purple" 


RUSSIAN 


*Campnula 


Sixty to a hundred small funnel- 


2-3 ft. 


June 


55& 44 


BELL- 


Bononie'nsis 


shaped flowers in long loose pyramidal 


Sun 






FLOWER 


var. 


spikes. Dark green leaves. A showy 










Ruthe"nica 


border plant. There is a pretty white 










C. Rutbenica 


var. Prop, by seed. Rich well-drained 












loam. Caucasus; Tauria. 






"Violet" 


CARPA- 


**Campanula 


Very pretty and free flowering 


9-18 in. 


Late 


47 


THIAN 


Carpatica 


species. Neat compact plant bears a 


Sun 


June 


shading 


HAIRBELL 




continuous wealth of large erect cup- 




to late 


darker 






shaped flowers, i in. across, above 





Aug. 








the pretty clean foliage. Useful for 












cutting. Invaluable for border or 












rock-garden. Easily cultivated. Prop. 












by seed, division or cuttings. Rich 












well-drained loam. Transylvania. 












See Plate, page 235. 












Var. Hendersoni (C. Carpatica tur- 












binata Hendersoni). Very variable 












form; in height and shape of flowers 












resembles var. turbinata, but is more 












robust. Rich mauve flowers in pyra- 












midal racemes. A handsome hybrid. 












Hort. Var. pelviformis. Widely 












spreading fragrant flowers, almost 2 












in. across, borne freely on branching 












stems. Pretty foliage like the type. 
Rock-garden or border. Var. " Riv- 
er slea"', (color no. 46 deep), stronger 












var., height 6-8 in.; flowers bluer than 












the type and 3 in. across. Desirable in 












rock-garden or border. Hort. Var. 












turbinata (C. turbinata), Turban Bell- 












flower. Height 6-12 in. Good var. 












lower and more compact than the 












type. Solitary deep purple flowers, 












i -2 in. across, on erect stems. Leaves 












also larger. There is a fine though 












rare pale var. Transylvania. Var. 












"G. r. Wilson"', (color no. 44 darker), 












6-12 in., a dwarf var., hybrid of var. 












turbinata and C. pulla. "It has the 












large flowers of the former and hand- 












some dark foliage of the latter." Hort. 






"Pale 


GARGANO 


'"Campanula 


See page 128. 




May to 


blue 


HAIRBELL 


Garganica 






Sept. 


violet" 












44 deep 












"Purple" 


DANES' 


**Campinula 


One of the best Campanulas. Erect 


I -2 ft. 


June, 


48 


BLOOD, 


glomerata 


stems bear funnel-shaped flowers, in 


Sun 


July 




CLUSTERED 




dense terminal heads. Charming bor- 








BELL- 




der plant. There is also a white flow- 








FLOWER 




ered form. Prop, by seed, division or 







237 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








cuttings. Rich loam well-drained. 












Europe; Asia. See Plate, page 236. 












** Var. Daburica, a common form and 












excellent plant. Flowers larger than 












the type in clusters 3 in. thick. Hort. 






"Deep 


LARGE- 


**Campnula 


Better known than the type and 


3-5 ft. 


Early 


purple" 


BLOS- 


latifdlia var. 


larger in every way. Flowers nearly 


Sun or 


June, 


48 


SOMED 


macrantha 


as large as Canterbury Bells. Some- 


shade 


July 




BELL- 


C. macrdntba 


what rank in growth, but a fine border 








FLOWER 




plant. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 












tings. Rich loam well-drained. Cen- 












tral Europe. 






"Violet" 
47 


PEACH- 
LEAVED 


**Campnula 

persicifolia 


A very charming plant. Many 
large cup-shaped flowers, 2 in. across, 


iH*. 

Sun 


Early 
June 


shading 


BELL- 




ranging along tall stems, are borne 




to 


darker 


FLOWER, 




above the tuft of pretty foliage. 




mid. 




PEACH 




Flowers a second time. Good for cut- 




J^y 




BELLS 




ting. A graceful plant to group in 












border or along edge of shrubbery. 












Prop, by seed and division. Easily 












cultivated in rich soil. Central and 












N. Europe. The white var. is espe- 












cially pleasing. 












Var. grandtftora, larger flowers. De- 












sirable. 






"Purple" 


WALL 


Campanula 


See page 131. 




May, 


48 


HAIRBELL 


Portenschla- 






June 






giana 












C. muralis 








"Purple" 
39 & 47 


RAINER'S 
BELL- 


*Campnula 
Rainerii 


A sturdy dwarf compact plant. 
Each branch bears a large open erect 


2-3 in. 
Sun 


Mid. 
June 




FLOWER 




flower. Rock-garden. Protect from 




to late 








slugs. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 




J^y 








tings. Rich gritty loam well-drained. 












Italian Alps. 






"Violet" 
47 shad- 


ENGLISH 
HAIRBELL, 


**Campnula 
rotundifdlia 


A lovely little plant with drooping 
bell-flowers on delicate wiry stems. 


6-12 in. 
Sun 


June 
to late 


ing to 49 


BLUE 
BELLS OF 




Pretty for borders, though especially 
suited for crevices in the rock-garden, 




Aug. 




SCOTLAND 




or naturalization on steep slopes when 












planted so that the pendent habit is 












shown. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Rich loam, well-drained. 












N. Temp. Region. 












Var. Hostit; (C. Hostii), larger 












flowers on stouter stems. There is a 












white form which is not so vigorous, 












though the flowers are as large. 












*Var. sold ana flora; (C. soldanella), 












the Double Fringed Hairbell. Distinct 












var., blooms in June. Flowers are half- 












double and petals much divided. Hort. 






"Violet" 


VAN 


**Campnula 


A fine species, resembling C. punc- 


2 it. 


Early 


40 


HOUTTE'S 


Van Houttei 


tata. Solitary bell-shaped flowers 2 


Sun 


June 




BELL- 




in. long nod from the branchlets. Ex- 




to 




FLOWER 




cellent border plant. Prop, by seed, 




mid. 








division or cuttings. Rich loam well- 




J^y 








drained. Hort. 







238 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
.and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Violet" 


BLUE 


*Catananche 


An everlasting. Flower-heads 2 in. 


2ft. 


June 


47 


SUCCORY 


caerulea 


wide. Foliage at base of plant. Good 


Sun 


to 




OR 




for cutting. Prop, by seed and divi- 




Sept. 




CUPIDONE 




sion. Any soil preferably light. 












Var. bicolor; purplish white, centre 












color no. 41. Var. alba, white flowers. 












S. Europe. 






"Purple" 


MOUNTAIN 


**Centaurea 


Large flowers, resembling the Corn- 


1 2-20 in. 





46 shad- 


BLUET OR 


montana 


flower, which turn redder as they grow 


Sun 




ing to 39 


KNAPWEED 




old. Cottony foliage. Excellent for 












cutting and for the border. Prop. 












by division. Any good garden soil. 












Europe. 






"Pur- 


RAM'S HEAD 


*Cypripedium 


See page 131. 




Late 


plish" 


LADY'S 


arietinum 






May to 


effect 43 


SLIPPER 








Aug. 


"Deep 


KASHMIR 


*Delphmium 


Slender dwarf species. Terminal 


15 in. 


June, 


purple" 


LARKSPUR 


Dashmeri- v / 


clusters of flat flowers, i in. or more 


Sun 


July 


49 deep 




anum 


across, which vary somewhat in color. 












Deeply cut rounded foliage in a tuft 












at the base. Especially suited for the 












rock-garden. Prop, best by seed, also 
by division and cuttings. Well- 












drained rich soil. Himalayas. 






"Rosy 


COMMON OR 


*Dodecatheon 


See page 131. 




May, 


purple" 


EASTERN 


Meadia 






June 


39 


SHOOTING 












STAR, 












AMERICAN 












COWSLIP 










"Pur- 


BLUE OR 


Srigeron 


See page 131. 




Mid. 


plish" 


BITTER 


acris 






May to 


50 


FLEABANE 








early 












June 


"Purple" 


THRIFT- 


*Erigeron 


Seepage 131. 




Late 


43 


LEAVED 


armeriae- 






May, 




FLEABANE 


fdlius 






June 


"Bluish 


ROBIN'S 


Srigeron 


See page 131. 




Mid. 


purple" 


PLANTAIN, 


bellidifblius 






May to 


43 deep & 


ROSE PETTY 


E. pulchellus 






July 


bluer 












"Pur- 


ROUGH 


*Erigeron 


See page 131. 




Late 


plish" 


ERIGERON 


glabellus 






May, 


32 










June 


"Light 
purple" 
bet. 


VERY 
ROUGH 
ERIGERON 


*Erigeron 

glabellus 
var. asper 


Tufted plant bearing aster-like flow- 
ers. A rough shaggy var. Mass in 
wild spots or in the border. Prop, by 


6-20 in. 
Half 
shade 


Early 
June' 
to mid. 


43&44 






seed and division. Any ordinary gar- 




July 








den soil. 






"Violet" 


BEACH 


"Erigeron 


See page 131. 




Late 


50 dull 


ASTER 


glaucus 






May, 












June 



239 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 
plish 
lilac" 


SHOWY 
FLEABANE 


**Erigeron 

speciosus 
Stendctis 


The most desirable species. Vig- 
orous plant of erect habit. Aster- 
like yellow-centred flowers. Good for 


1 i-2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 
July 


47 lighter 




specidsa 


cutting. Plant in masses in the rock- 












garden or border. Prop, by seed and 












division. Any ordinary soil. N. 












Pacific Coast. 












Var. superbus has paler flowers and 












blooms more freely. Hort. 






"Violet 


WALL 


*Erinus 


See page 132. 




May, 


purple" 


ERINUS 


a lp in us 






June 


39 more 












violet 












"Light 


GLANDULAR 


Erbdium 


Geranium-like alpine plant. Upper 


6-10 in. 


June 


purple" 


STORK'S OR 


macradenium 


petals larger than the lower, spotted 


Sun 


to 




HERON'S 
BILL 


E. glandulo- 
sum 


with deep purple. Continuous in 
bloom. Foliage aromatic. Plant in 




Sept. 








crevices in rock-garden. Pyrenees. 






"Pur- 


MANES- 


Er6dium 


Most vigorous and desirable of the 


i-iift. 


June, 


plish" 


CAUT'S 


Manescavi 


family. Showy flowers, like the Gera- 


Sun 


July 




STORK'S OR 




nium, i -2 in. across, 7-15 on the 








HERON'S 
BILL 




stem. Rock-garden or border. Prop, 
by seed and division. Dry soil not too 












rich. Pyrenees. 






"Laven- 
der" 


OVAL- 
LEAVED 


*Funkia 
ovata 


Distinguished for striking foliage. 
Flowers bell-shaped in limp racemes 


I -2 ft. 

Half 


June, 

early 


45 bluer 


PLANTAIN 


F. carulea, 


well above a conspicuous tuft of dark 


shade 


J^y 




OR DAY 


F. lanceolata 


glossy heart-shaped leaves. Requires 








LILY 




space. Border. Prop, by newly 












ripened seeds or more commonly by 












division. Rich moist soil. Japan; 












N. China; Siberia. 












Var. marginata; bizarre with white 












edged leaves, not very attractive. 












Hort. 






"Pale 


SIEBOLD'S 


*Ftmkia 


The most decorative of the family, 


2-3 ft. 


fune, 


lilac" 


PLANTAIN 


Sieboldiana 


especially because of its luxuriant fo- 


Half 


[uly 


43 lighter 


OR DAY 


F. cucullata, 


liage. Resembles F. subcordata, but 


shade or 






LILY 


F. gigantea, 


the flowers drooping and smaller do 


shade 








F. glauca, 


not rise above the large leaves which 










F. Sieboldii, 


are a bluer green. Effective in the 










F. Sinensis 


border. There is a var. with yellow- 












edged foliage. Prop, by newly ripened 












seed, or commonly by division. Cul- 












tivation easy, preferably in deep rich 












soil. Japan. 






"Lilac 
purple" 


GOAT'S RUE 


*Galega 

officinalis 


Bushy plant. Flowers pea-shaped 
in compact racemes, good for cutting. 


2-3 ft. 
Sun or 


fune 
o 


43 






Foliage luxuriant and graceful. Plant 


half 


Sept. 








groups in the border or wild garden. 


shade 










Prop, by seed and division. Any 












good soil. Europe; Asia. 






"Dark 


BALKAN 


*Geranium 


Flowers at ends of long stems. 


i ft. 


une 


ma- 


CRANES- 


Balkanum 


Leaves fragrant. Border or rock- 


Sun 




genta" 


BILL 




garden. Prop, by seed and division. 






41 






Any good soil. S. Europe. 







240 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple" 


HILL- 


Geranium 


One of the showiest Geraniums. 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


bet. 
39 & 47 


LOVING 
CRANES- 


collinum 
G. Londessi 


Flowers produced on drooping stems. 
Foliage insignificant. Second bloom 


Sun 


July 




BILL 




if cut before seeding. Wild garden or 












border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any good soil. E. Europe. 






"Laven- 


WILD 


Geranium 


See page 132. 




Early 


der" 


GERANIUM, 


maculatum 






May to 


39 


WILD OR 








July 




SPOTTED 












CRANES- 












BILL 










"Purple" 


WALLICH'S 


Geranium 


Trailing plant with large flowers 


12-15 in. 


June 


42 


CRANES- 


Wallichianum 


borne freely all summer amidst pretty 


Sun 


to 




BILL 




light green foliage. Rock-garden. 




Sept. 








Prop, by seed and division. Any good 












soil. Himalayan Region. 






"Purple" 
40 to 47 


ROCKET, 
SWEET 
ROCKET, 


*He"speris 
matronalis 


Vigorous. Fragrant flowers in 
showy spikes. Hairy foliage. Divide 
often. Pretty for wild garden, shrub- 


1-3 ft. 

Sun or 
half 


June, 
July 




DAME OR 




bery or mixed border. Will grow in a 


shade 






DAMASK 




cold climate. Prop, by division and 








VIOLET 




cuttings. Rich soil is best. Europe; 












Siberia. 






"Pur- 


DOWNY 


Heuchera 


See page 132. 




Late 


plish" 


HEUCHERA 


pube*scens 






May, 


30 deeper 




H. rubifblia, 






June 


to white 




H. pulveru- 












lenta 








"Bluish 


PYRENEAN 


Hormmum 


No especial character. Tubular 


6-12 in. 


June 


purple" 


DEAD 


pyrenaicum 


flowers in spikes rise from broad tufts 


Sun 




47 


NETTLE 




of foliage. Border and excellent for 












rock-garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Well-drained soil. S. Europe. 






"Palest 


LARGE 


Houstonia 


See page 132. 




May, 


purple" 


HOUSTONIA 


purpurea 






early 


37 pale 










June 


"Purple" 


APPEN- 


Hydrophyl- 


See page 132. 




Mid. 


often 50 


DAGED 


lum 






May to 




WATER- 


appendicula- 






early 




LEAF 


tum 






June 


"Bluish 


HYSSOP 


*Hyssopus 


Well-known aromatic shrub of culi- 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


purple" 




officinalis 


nary and medicinal value. Flowers 


Sun 


June 


49 






insignificant, sometimes white, in leafy 




to mid. 








spikes. Narrow leaves. Good as 




Aug. 








edging for beds or borders. Can be 












trimmed like Box. Prop, by seed, 












division or cuttings. Light rather 












dry loam; give plenty of water. S. 












Europe; Siberia. 






"Delicate 


GIBRALTAR 


*Iberis 


See page 135. 




May, 


lilac" 


CANDYTUFT 


Gibraltarica 






June 


43 or 36 












"Pale 


CRESTED 


**iris 


See page 135. 




Late 


lilac" 


DWARF 


cristata 






May, 


44 


IRIS 








June 



241 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Sitwtion 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple 


GERMAN 


**Iris 


See page 135, and Plate, page 243. 




Late 


& laven- 


IRIS, 


Germanica 







May, 


der" 


FLEUR- 


vars. 






June 




DE-LIS 










"Violet" 


GREAT 


**iris pallida 


See page 135. 




( 


44 deep 


PURPLE OR 


f . Junbnia, 










TURKEY 


I. Asidtica, 










FLAG 


I. sicula 








"Lilac" 


PLAITED 


**Iris plicata 


See page 135. 




M 


50 


FLAG 


/. aphylla var. 












plicata 








"Blue 


SLENDER 


*Iris 


See page 135. 




Mid. 


violet" 


BLUE FLAG 


prismatica 






May to 


49 




r. yirginica, 






July 






I. grdcilis 








"Deep 


SIBERIAN 


**Iris 


See page 136 and Plate, page 244. 




Late 


violet" 


FLAG 


Sibirica 






May to 


49 




/. acuta 






mid. 












June 


"Bright 


LARGER 


*Iris 


See page 136. 




Late 


purple" 


BLUE FLAG 


versicolor 






May, 


56 lighter 










June 


"Violet 


ENGLISH 


**Iris 


Beautiful bulbous Iris flowering at 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


purple" 


IRIS 


xiphioides 


end of Iris season. Flowers resemble 


Sun 


June, 


49 




/. Anglica 


I. Kaempferi, though smaller, the type 
being purplish violet. Foliage grass- 
like. Light well-drained soil enriched. 




July 








It is well to put sand about the bulb. 












Pyrenees. There are white, lavender, 












deep blue, reddish purple, and striped 












vars. Mont Blanc is a pretty white 












form. 






"Pur- 


VARIE- 


Lamium 


See page 136. 




Mid. 


plish" 


GATED 


maculatum 






May 


45 


NETTLE 


L. purpureum 






to late 






(Hort.) 






J^y 


"Purple" 
near 


BLACK PEA 
OR BITTER 


Lathyrus 
niger 


Of the Pea order. Not a climber. 
Small flowers in clusters of 6 or 8. 


I -2 ft. 

Shade 


June, 
July 


37&40 


VETCH 


Orobus niger 


Compound leaves, pale green, or when 
dry, black. Good ground cover for 












border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. Central Europe. 






"Lilac" 
47 light 


KENIL- 
WORTH 
IVY, 


Linaria 
Cymbalaria 


Tender perennial ivy-like creeper, 
killed by frost, which perpetuates 
itself by seed. Flowers small, foliage 


4 in. 
Half 
shade 


June 
to 
Sept. 




MOTHER- 
OF-THOU- 




pretty. Useful to trail over walls and 
in odd corners. Protect slightly in 








SANDS 




winter. Prop- by seed and division. 












Moist soil. There is a pretty white 












var. Europe. 






"Purple" 
bet. 


TALL BLUE- 
FLOWERED 


**Luplnus 
polyph^llus 


Pea-shaped flowers in long spikes 
rise above the handsome clump of 


>5ft, 

Sun 


June, 
July 


47&4S 


PERENNIAL 


L. grandi- 


satiny palmate leaves. Good old- 








LUPINE 


fldrus 


fashioned border plant. Prop, by 












seed and division. Any garden soil. 












Cal. 







242 




FLEUR-DE-LIS. Iris Germanica. 



243- 





244 



SIBERIAN FLAG. Iris Sibirica. 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


SLENDER- 


L^thrum 


Flowers borne in threes, forming 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


plish" 


BRANCHED 


virgatum 


loose racemes on long leafy stems. 


Sun 


July 


near 


PURPLE 




Shrubbery or border. Prop, by divi- 






29 duller 


LOOSE- 




sion. Any good garden soil. Europe; 








STRIFE 




Asia. 






"Violet" 


SHARP- 


*Pentstemon 


Erect glaucous plant. Flowers lilac, 


1-2 ft. 


June, 


44 pinker 


LEAVED 


acuminatus 


changing to violet, in slender inter- 


Sun 


early 




BEARD- 




rupted panicles on leafy stems. Bor- 




July 




TONGUE 




der. Prop, by seed and division. Any 












good garden soil. S. Western U. S. A. 






"Light 
purple" 
47 


DIFFUSE 
PENTSTE- 
MONOR 


**Pentstemon 

diffusus 


Half shrubby plant. Tube-shaped 
flowers in showy open spikes. Winter 
protection of leaves advisable. Ex- 


1-2 ft. 

Sun 


Early 
June 
to 




BEARD- 
TONGUE 




cellent border plant. Prop, by seed 
and division. Any soil. N. Western 




early 

July 








Amer 






"Lilac 


SLENDER 


*Pentstemon 


See page 136. 




Late 


purple" 


BEARD- 


gracilis 






May to 


45 


TONGUE 








early 












July 


"Rosy 


OVAL- 


Pentstemon 


See page 136. 




Late 


purple" 


LEAVED 


ovatus 






May 


47 


PENTSTE- 


P. glaucus 






to late 




MON 








June 


"Pale 


DOWNY 


*Pentstemon 


See page 136. 




Late 


violet" 


PENTSTE- 


pube*scens 






May to 


47, edge 


MON 








mid. 


I white 










July 


"Laven- 


ONE-SIDED 


**Pentstemon 


Numerous tubular flowers, opening 


12-18 in. 


June, 


der" 


PENTSTE- 


secundiflbrus 


broadly, in a long florescence. Long 


Sun 


July 


44 


MON OR 




and narrow grayish foliage. One of 








BEARD- 




the showiest Pentstemons. Effective 








TONGUE 




in border or rock-garden. Protect in 












winter. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. Col. 






"Deep 
violet" 


VIOLET 
PRAIRIE 
CLOVER 


Petalostemon 
violaceus 

Kuhnistera 


Broad bushy plant bearing many 
showy flower-spikes. Foliage finely 
divided. Plant in rock-garden or 


i ^3 ft. 

Sun 


June 
until 
frost 






purpurea 


border. Prop, by seed and cuttings. 












Any light soil. Ind. to Tex. 






"Bluish 


AMERICAN 


**Polem6- 


See page 139. 




Mid. 


purple" 
44&50 


JACOB'S 
LADDER, 
CHARITY 


nium 
caeruleum 






May to 

July 


"Pur- 


EAR- 


*Primula 


See page 139. 




May, 


plish" 


LEAVED 


auriculata 






June 


43 light 


PRIMROSE 


P. longi folia 








"Deep 


ROUND- 


*Primula 


See page 139. 




May, 


blue- 


HEADED 


capitata 






early 


purple" 


HIMA- 








June 




LAYAN 












PRIMROSE 










"Pale 


TOOTH- 


*Prfmula 


See page 139. 




ti 


purple" 


LEAVED 


denticulata 








43 to 


PRIMROSE 










white 













245 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Dark 


KASHMIR 


*Prfmula 


See page 139. 




May, 


purple" 


TOOTH- 


denticulata 






early 


44 deeper 


LEAVED 
PRIMROSE 


var. 
Cachemiriana 






June 






P. Cacb- 












meriana 








"Lilac 


BIRD'S-EYE 


*Primula 


See page 139. 




M 


purple" 


PRIMROSE 


farinbsa 








43 pale 












"Pur- 


JAPANESE 


**Primula 


See page 139 and Plate, page 247. 




Late 


plish" 


PRIMROSE 


Japonica 






May to 


near 30 










Aug. 


deeper to 
white 












"Violet 


ROSETTE 


*Ram6nda 


See page 139. 




Mid. 


purple" 


MULLEIN 


Pyrenaica 






May to 


52 more 




Ramdndia 






July 


violet 




Pyrenaica 








"Purple" 


ROSEMARY, 


*Rosmarinus 


Tender aromatic sub-shrub. Small 


2-4 ft. 


June, 


44 bluer 


OLD MAN 


officinalis 


flowers in short racemes. Leaves of 


Sun 


July 








culinary and medicinal value. Often 












seen in old-fashioned borders. Pro- 












tect in winter. Prop, by seed, cut- 












tings or layers. Dry light soil. Med- 












iterranean Region. 






"Bluish 


TWO- 


Salvia 


See page 140. 




Late 


violet" 


COLORED 


tricolor 






May, 


44 


SAGE 








June 


"Blue 


VERVAIN 


Salvia 


Flowers occasionally whitish. Bor- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


purple" 


SAGE 


Verbenacea 


der. Prop, by seed, Rich soil. Great 


Sun 


July 


44 deep 




S. spelmina, 


Britain; Asia. 










S. Spilmanni 








"Bluish 


SMALL OR 


Scabidsa 


Branching plant with flowers in 


I -2 ft.' 


June 


purple" 


LILAC- 


Columbaria 


globular heads, i in. wide. Good 


Sun 


to Oct. 


near 50 


FLOWERED 




for cutting. Plant in picking gar- 








SCABIOUS 


- 


den. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any garden soil. Europe. 






"Lilac" 


LILAC 


*Scffla 


. See page 140. 




May, 


43 


WOOD 


festalis var. 






early 




HYACINTH 


lilacina 






June 


"Purple" 


WIDOW'S 


Sedum 


Wild on rocks. Pretty trailing 


3-6 in. 


June, 


43 deep 


CROSS, 
BEAUTIFUL 


pulchellum 


species. Flowers small and closely 
packed on many branches. Tiny suc- 


Sun 


July 




STONE- 




culent leaves turning reddish or pur- 








CROP 




plish. Carpeting for border or rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed or offsets. Any 












ordinary soil. U. S. A. 






"Pinkish 


CUSHION 


*Silene 


Mossy dwarf herb with small flow- 


2 in. 


a 


purple" 
43 


PINK, MOSS 
CAMPION 


acaulis 


ers just peeping out from a dense mass 
of pale green foliage. Rock-garden. 


Sun 






: 




Prop, by seed and division. Sandy 








,: 




loam. Europe. 






"Rich 


LARGE- 


Sisyrinchium 


See page 140. 




May, 


purple" 


FLOWERED 
BLUE-EYED 


grandiflorum 
5. Douglasii 






June 




GRASS 











246 




JAPANESE PRIMROSE. Primula Japonica. 



247 





248 



WOOD BETONY. Stachys Betonica. 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Heght 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple 


WOOD 


Stachys 


Flowers in showy spikes. Prettily 


I-2*ft. 


Late 


red" 


BETONY 


Betdnica 


shaped dark green leaves. Border or 


Sun 


June, 


41 




Betdnica 


wild garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 




July 






officindlis 


sion. Moist soil preferable. Europe; 












Asia Minor. See Plate, page 248. 






"Violet" 


LARGE- 


*Stachys 


Large flowers in whorls, occasion- 


i-i*ft. 


Mid. 


often 45 


FLOWERED 
WOUND- 


grandiflora 
Betdnica 


ally pinkish. Broad heart-shaped 
leaves. Good in border. Prop, by 


Sun 


June 
to late 




WORT 


rosea 


seed and division. Ordinary garden 




July 








soil. Asia Minor. 






"Purple" 


WOOLLY 


Stachys 


Effective plant. Flowers in thick 


i-i^ft. 


M 


near 37 


WOUND- 


lanata 


showy interrupted spikes. Foliage 


Sun 






WORT 




silvery and woolly, in low tufts. Bor- 












der or as edging. Prop, by seed and 












division. Ordinary soil. Tauria to 












Persia. 






"Lilac" 
43 


MOTHER OF 
THYME, 


Thymus 
Serp^llum 


Creeping evergreen. Tiny flowers 
in whorls. Aromatic leaves, slightly 


3-4 in. 
Sun 


Mid. 
June 




CREEPING 




downy, in dense masses. Good in 




to 




THYME 




rock-garden for covering arid ground, 




mid. 








or as an edging. Prop, by division. 




Aug. 








Flourishes in poor soil. " Europe; 












Asia; N. Africa. 












Among the most desirable forms 












are: var. argenteus, bright green foli- 






"Pale 


COMMON 


Thymus 


age slightly streaked with silver. Var. 
aureus, golden leaves, especially beau- 
tiful in spring. Var. citriodorous, 
Lemon Thyme, 2-3 in. high, very 
small leaves, lemon-like fragrance. 
Var. lanuginosus, downy gray foliage. 
Effective for compact carpeting. 

Aromatic herb of dense growth val- 


1-2 in. 


June, 


lilac" 


GARDEN 


vulgaris 


ued in cookery. Small flowers in ter- 


Sun 


July 


37 


THYME 




minal spikes. Bright pale green foli- 












age. Attractive as carpeting for 












banks, rock-garden or border. Prop. 












by seed and division Any soil. 
Europe. 






"Pur- 


COMMON 


*Tradescantia 


See page 140. 




Late 


plish" 44, 


SPIDER- 


Virginiana 






May 


48 or 49 


WORT 


T. Virginica 






to late 












Aug. 


"Purple" 


LONG- 


Trfllium 


See page 140. 




May, 


46 


LEAF- 


petiolatum 






early 




STALKED 








June 




TRILLIUM 










;< Pur- 


HERBA- 


Vinca 


See page 141. 




Late 


Dlish" 


CEOUS 


herbacea 






May, 


46 


PERI- 








June 




WINKLE OR 












MYRTLE 










'Violet" 


HORNED 


**Viola 


See page 48. 




Late 


17 or 49 


VIOLET, 


cornuta 






Apr. 




BEDDING 








until 




PANSY 








frost 



249 



PURPLE TO LILAC, BLUE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Lilac" 


BIRD'S- 


*Viola pedata 


See page 141. 




May, 


usually 


FOOT 








June 


50 


VIOLET 










"Ultra- 


CRISPED 


*Ajuga 


See page 141. 




M 


marine 


METALLIC 


metallica 








blue" 


BUGLE 


var. crispa 








54 pale & 












dull 












"Blue" 


BUGLE 


**Ajuga 


See page 141. 




Early 


46 




re*ptans 






May to 












mid. 












June 


"Sky 


AZURE 


Allium 


Flowers, striped with a darker 


I -2 ft. 


June, 


blue" 


ONION- 


azureum 


shade, in dense clusters. Large leaves 


Sun 


July 


51 


WORT 




springing from the root. Easily culti- 
vated. Plant in masses in border or 












wild garden. Bulbous. Prop, by 












seed or offsets. Well-drained soil. 












Siberia. 






"Light 


NARROW- 


*Ams6nia 


See page 142. 




May, 


blue" 


LEAVED 


angustifolia 






June 


58 lighter 


AMSONIA 


A. ciliata 








"Light 


AMSONIA 


**Ams6nia 


See page 142. 




Late 


blue" 




Tabernae- 






May, 


58 pale 




montana 






early 






A. latifblia, 






June 






A. salicifblia, 












Taberna- 












montana 












Amsonia 








"Dark 


BARRE- 


*Anchusa 


See page 142. 




May, 


blue" 


LIER'S 


Barrelieri 






June 


62 


ALKANET 










"Blue" 


CAPE 


*Anchusa 


See page 142. 




Late 


54 


ALKANET 


Cape*nsis 






May to 












early 












July 


"Blue" 


ITALIAN 


*Anohusa 


See page 142. 




Late 


54, buds 
41 


ALKANET 


Italica 






May to 
mid. 












July 


"Blue" 


ALPINE 


*Aquilegia 


See page 142. 




May, 


46 & 


COLUM- 


alpina 






June 


white 


BINE 










"Blue" 
near 47 


LONG- 
SPURRED 


**Aquilegia 

caerulea 


See page 145 and Plate, page 251. 




Mid. 
May to 


"Deep 


COLUM- 
BINE 
ALTAIAN 


A. hptoceras, 
A. macrdntba 
**Aquilegia 


See page 145. 




July 
May, 


blue" 


COLUM- 


glanduldsa 






June 


63 & 


BINE 










white 












"Lilac 
blue" 


STUART'S 
COLUM- 


*Aquilegia 
Stuarti 


See page 145. 




Mid. 
May to 


44 blue 


BINE 








July 


& white 













250 




LONG-SPURRED COLUMBINE. Aquilegia carulea. 



251 





252 



BLUE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


BLUE WILD 


**Baptisia 


See page 145. 




Late 


63 


OR FALSE 


australis 






May to 




INDIGO 


B. carulea, 






mid. 






B. exaltata 






June 


"Bluish" 


LOOSE- 


*Borago 


Somewhat coarse plants, this being 


I*-2ft. 


June 


white & 


FLOWERED 


Laxiflora 


a pretty species with drooping flow- 


Sun 




57 


BORAGE 




ers, sometimes purplish, in racemes. 












Easily cultivated and naturalized in 












rough places. Prop, by seed, division 












or cuttings in spring. Any garden 












soil. Corsica. 






"Pale 


TUFTED 


^Campanula 


See page 145. 




May to 


blue" 


HAIRBELL 


caespitosa 






Aug. 


62 lighter 












"Pur- 


GREAT 


*Campanula 


Six to fifteen large erect hairy flow- 


3-4 ft. 


June 


plish 


BELL- 


latifdlia 


ers in loose spikes. Border or margin 


Sun or 


to 


blue" 
46 


FLOWER 




of shrubbery. Prop, by seed and divi- 
sion. Rich loam well-drained. Var. 


shade 


early 
Aug. 








eriocarpa is also a good plant. Cen- 












tral and N. Europe. 






"Blue" 


UNDI- 


*Cle*matis 


Herbaceous species of erect bushy 


2ft. 


Mid. 


60 


VIDED- 
LEAVED 


integrifblia 


habit. Large solitary drooping flow- 
ers terminate leafy stalks. Border 


Sun 


June 
to Aug. 




VIRGIN'S 
BOWER 




and rock-garden. Prop, by seed and 
cuttings. Rich deep soil. Asia; 












Europe. 






"Blue" 


MUSK 


*Delphfnium 


Showy panicles of pretty flowers. 


6- 1 8 in. 


June, 


61 


LARKSPUR 


Brunonianum 


Leaves three- or five-parted. Suita- 


Sun or 


July 








ble for rock-garden or border. Prop. 


half 










by seed, division or cuttings. Deep 


shade 










friable soil. Thibet. 






"Blue" 
60 


CAUCASIAN 
LARKSPUR 


*Delphinium 
Caucasicum 


A dwarf species with 3-4 flowers on 
the stem. For cultivation, etc., see 


3-4 in. 
own 


it 








D. Cashmerianum. Caucasus. 






"Blue" 


BEE 


**Delphinium 


Numerous flowers marked with vio- 


2-6 ft. 


June 


61 


LARKSPUR 


elatum 


.let, in long wands. Finely divided 


Sun or 


to 






D. alpinum, 
D. pyramid ale 


foliage'. If plants are cut back they 
will flower again. Good for border. 


half 
shade 


Sept. 








Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Deep friable or sandy soil, well en- 












riched. Europe. 






"Blue" 
usually 


ORIENTAL 
LARKSPUR 


**Delphinium 
formbsum 


One of the best species. Flowers 
with violet spurs, varying from deep 


2-3 ft. 
Sun or 


June, 
July 


54 






to light blue, and closely set on tall 


half 










spikes, 'rise from the handsome dark 


shade 










divided foliage. New flowers will 












come if the old are removed or whole 












plant cut down and top-dressing ap- 








, 




plied. Divide every 3 years. Charm- 












ing in groups in border or in beds of 












shrubs, or naturalized. Prop, by seed, 












division, and cuttings, which will root 












without bottom heat. Blooms first 








, 




year from seed sown the previous 








" 




autumn or in hot-beds in March. 







253 



BLUE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Deep friable or sandy loam well en- 












riched. Armenia. See Plate, page 252. 












Var. ccdestinum; (bet. color no. 51 












& 57), a hybrid of a lovely light blue; 












very desirable. Flowers in large open 












spikes. 






"Blue" 


HYBRID 


**Delphmium 


Flowers in dense racemes. There 


3-4 ^. 


June, 


62 or 54 


LARKSPUR 


h^bridum 


are many vars. double and half dou- 


Sun or 


July 








ble. Beautiful in border or front of 


half 










shrubbery. See D. formosum. Hort. 


shade 










See Plate, page 255. 












Var.. Barlowi; (color 62 more vio- 












let), a large-flowered semi-double var. 












with deep blue flowers having brown- 












ish centres. Hort. 






"Deep 
blue" 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 


*Dracoce*- 

phalum 


Quickly passing tubular flowers, 
which blossom weH only in damp sea- 


i ft. 
Half 


M 


effect 46 


DRAGON'S- 
HEAD 


grandiflbrum 
D. Altaiense 


sons, in dense spikes barely rising 
above the bright green foliage. Bor- 


shade 










der plant. Prop, by seed and division. 












Moist sandy loam. N. Asia. 






"Blue" 


NODDING 


*Dracoce"- 


See page 146. 




May, 


62 more 


DRAGON'S- 


phalum 






June 


violet 


HEAD 


nuians 








"Ame- 
thyst 


AMETHYST 
SEA 


ameth^sti- 


Odd plant of thistle-like appear- 
ance. Round heads of flowers on blue 


,-3 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 


blue" 
63 lighter 


HOLLY 


num 


stalks. Deeply cut spiny foliage. Use- 
ful for sub-tropical effects and for bor- 




early 
Sept. 








der. Prop, by seed or division. Light 












soil is best. Dalmatia; Croatia. 






"Blue" 


GENTIA- 


*Gentiana 


See page 146. 




May. 


62 


NELLA, 
STEMLESS 


acaulis 






June 




GENTIAN 










"Dark 


ALPINE 


Gentiana 


See page 146. 







blue" 60 


GENTIAN 


alpina 








"Light 


VERNAL 


*Gentiana 


See page 51. 




Apr. 


blue" 60 


GENTIAN 


ve"rna 






to 


deeper & 










early 


brilliant 










June 


"Violet 


IBERIAN 


Geranium 


Showy plant. Flowers in loose 


i-i^ft. 


June 


blue" 


CRANES- 


Ibericum 


clusters. Leaves deeply divided and 


Shade 


:o 


46 light 


BILL 




rather decorative. Shrubbery, bor- 




Sept. 








der or rock-garden. Prop, by seed 












and division. Any good garden soil. 








^ "*-'' 




Caucasus. 






*v 






Var. platypetalum (G. platypetalum). 
Flowers deeper and richer in color and 












larger than type, (bet. color nos. 47 & 












48). 






"Dark 


DUSKY- 


Geranium 


A distinct species with very dark 


2ft. 


Early 


blue" 


FLOWERED 


ph&um 


almost black flowers sparsely spotted 


Shade 


[une 




CRANES- ' 




with white. Border. Prop, by seed 




:o 




BILL, 




and division. Any good soil. Europe. 




mid. 




MOURNING 








My 




WIDOW 











254 




HYBRID LARKSPUR. Delphinium hybridum. 



255 





256 



SPANISH IRIS. Iris Xiphium. 



BLUE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 
46 bluer 


MEADOW 
CRANES- 


*Geranium 
prate*nse 


Flowers large, in pairs. Foliage 
decorative. Border. Prop, by seed 


I*-2*ft. 

Shade 


June 
to. 




BILL 




and division. Any good soil. Europe; 




Sept. 








Siberia. 












*Var. ftore-pleno; (color no. 46 












bluer), shorter than the type, bearing 
darker colored very double flowers in 












profusion in early June and July. 












Often blossoms again in autumn. 












Border. Europe. 






"Light 


HAIR- 


*Globularia 


See page 146. 




Late 


blue" 


FLOWERED 


trichosantha 






May to 


52 deep 


GLOBE 








Aug. 


&dull 


DAISY 










"Blue" 


GLOBE 


*Globularia 


Dense globular flower-heads sur- 


6-12 in. 


June 


53 


DAISY 


vulgaris 


rounded by a tuft of leaflets. Rock- 


Half 


to 








garden or margin of border. Prop, by 
seed and division. Moist peaty well- 


shade 


Sept. 








drained soil. S. Europe. 






"Pale 


BLUETS, 


*Houst6nia 


See page 149. 




May, 


blue" 


INNOCENCE, 


caerulea 






early 


57 


QUAKER 








June 




LADY 










"Light 


AMETHYST 


*Hyacinthus 


See page 149. 




it 


blue" 61 


HYACINTH 


amethystinus 








"Bright 


SWORD- 


[ris ensata 


Small flowers, throat yellow, inner 


i -3 ft. 


June 


blue or 


LEAVED 


/. biglumis, 


petals upright and slender. Glaucous 


Sun 




lilac" 


FLAG 


I . oxypetala, 


foliage. Prop, by division after flow- 






60 or 49 




I. fragrans 


ering. Rich well-drained soil. Rus- 












sia; Caucasus; Japan. 






"Pale 


MISSOURI 


*Iris 


See page 149. 




Late 


blue" 


OR 


Missourie'nsis 






May, 


effect 44 


WESTERN 


/. Tolmieana 






June 




BLUE FLAG 










"Blue" 


NEGLECTED 


**Iris 


See page 149. 




Late 


bet. 
54&S6 


FLAG 


negle"cta 






May to 

early 












June 


"Blue" 


EASTERN 


**Iris 


A fine var. Flowers larger and of 


i-2*ft. 


June, 




SIBERIAN 


Sibirica var. 


deeper color than the type; not last- 


Sun 


early 




IRIS 


orientalis 


ing so long in bloom. New leaves 




July 






/. 5. var. 


bronze-tinted. Excellent compact 










hcematopkylla, 


border plant. Prop, by division. 










I. S. var. 


Rich dry or wet soil. Siberia. 










sanguinea, 












I. bcemato- 












phflla, 












I. sanguinea 








"Deep 


SPURIOUS 


*Iris spuria 


See page 149. 




Late 


blue" 


IRIS 








May 


bet. 










to late 


54&S6 










June 



257 



BLUE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Violet 


SPANISH 


**Iris 


A lovely Iris. Large delicate flow- 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


blue" 


IRIS 


Xiphium 


ers poised on slender stems, in varying 


Sun 


June 


46& 2 




/. Hispdnica, 


shades of violet, blue and purple, with 




to 






I. spectdbilis 


long narrow petals yellow in the mid- 
dle. They run into pure yellow, white 




July 








and many pretty combinations of 












color in the vars. Leaves slender 












and inconspicuous, disappearing when 
bulbs are ripe. Plant in sheltered 












places and where other foliage gives 












support. Excellent for cutting and 












easily cultivated. Bulbous. Prop, by 












offsets. Divide often. Loose friable 












loam well enriched. Spain; N. 












Africa. See Plate, page 250. 






"Blue" 


AUSTRIAN 


*Linum 


Small flowers in constant bloom. 


I -2 ft. 


June 


61 


FLAX 


Austriacum 


Leaves narrow. Border. Prop, by 


Sun 


to 






L. perenne 


seed and division. Light rich soil. 




Sept. 






var. 


Austria. 










Austriacum 








"Blue" 


PERENNIAL 


**Linum 


See page 149. 




Mid. 


54 lighter 


FLAX 


pere"nne 






May to 












Aug. 


"Blue" 


GENTIAN- 


Lithospe"r- 


See page 1 50. 




May, 


62 


BLUE 


mum 






June 




CROMWELL 


prostratum 








"Blue" 


NOOTKA 


*Lupinus 


See page 150. 




Late 


62 


LUPINE 


Nootka- 






May to 


greener 




te*nsis 






early 












July 


"Light 
blue" 
bet. 


COMMON 
WILD 
LUPINE 


*Lupinus 
pere"nnis 


Native plant. Pea-shaped flowers, 
varying to white, in long spikes. Fo- 
liage palmate. Good for wild garden. 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


June, 
July 


47&S2 






Prop, by seed and division. Any soil, 












preferably sandy. Canada; Atlantic 












States. 






"Blue" 


SIBERIAN 


*Merte*nsia 


See page 150. 




May, 


51 


LUNGWORT 


Sibirica 






early 












June 


"Deep 


EARLY 


*Myos6tis 


See page 52. 




Late 


sky blue" 


FORGET- 


dissitifldra 






Apr. to 


58 


ME-NOT 








July 


brighter 












"Bright 


TRUE 


*Myos6tis 


See page 1 50. 




May, 


blue" 58 


FORGET- 


paltistris 






June 


brighter 


ME-NOT 










"Blue" 


EVER- 


*Myos6tis 


See page 153. 




May to 


57 


FLOWER- 


paMstris var. 






Sept. 




ING FOR- 


sempe'rflorens 










GET-ME- 












NOT 










"Blue" 
58 darker 


WOOD 
FORGET- 


*Myos6tis 
sylvatica 


See page 153 and Plate, page 259. 




Mav, 
early 




ME-NOT 








June 



258 




WOOD FORGET-ME-NOT. Myosotis syhatica. 




259 




260 



FAN-SHAPED COLUMBINE. Aquilegia fiabellata. 



BLUE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


ALPINE 


*Myos6tis 


See page 153. 




May, 


58 


WOOD 


sylvatica 






early 


brilliant 


FORGET- 


var. alpe"stris 






June 




ME-NOT 


M. alpestris 








"Blue" 


LARGE- 


Ne*peta 


Best of the Catmints. Erect branch- 


3-4 ft. 


Late 


53 


FLOWERED 


Macrantha 


ing habit. Border. Prop, by spring 


Sun 


June to 




CATMINT 




sown seed or division. Light well- 




early 








drained soil. Siberia. 




Sept. 


"Pur- 


LARGE 


*Pentstemon 


Many large tubular flowers, opening 


I -2 ft. 


June, 


plish 


SMOOTH 


glaber 


widely at the mouth, on unbranched 


Sun 


early 


blue" 


BEARD- 


P. Gdrdoni, 


grayish stalks. Foliage broad and 




July 


46 


TONGUE 


P. speciosus 


long running up the flower stems. 
Handsome for the border. Prop, by 












seed and division. Moist rather rich 












soil. West of the Missouri. 






"Bright 


BLUE 


*Pentstemon 


See page 153. 




Late 


blue" 


SMOOTH 


glaber 






May, 


46 


BEARD- 


var. 






June 




TONGUE 


cyandnthus 












P. cydnthus 








"Lilac 
blue" 
46 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 
BEARD- 


Pentstfcmon 
grandiflbrus 


Spikes of flowers resembling the 
Foxglove, 2 in. long, on gray-green 
stalks. Foliage broad. Winter pro- 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


Early 
June 
to 




TONGUE 




tection of leaves advisable. Border. 




early 








Prop, by seed and division. Any soil. 




July 








Wisconsin, S. and W. 




j / 


"Pur- 
plish 
blue" 


SHOWY 
PENTSTE- 
MON OR 


**Pentstemon 
spectabilis 


Handsome showy species. Many 
flowers, i in. long, in long inflores- 
cence. Foliage somewhat grayish. 


2-2$ ft. 

Sun 


Early 
June 
to mid. 


46&41 


BEARD- 




Very effective border plant. Prop. 




July 




TONGUE 




by seed and division. Any good soil. 




j j 








New Mexico. 






"Pur- 


MICHELPS 


*Phyteuma 


Neat habit. Curious flowers in 


6-8 in. 


Late 


plish 
blue" 
46 dull 


HORNED 
RAMPION 


Mich^lii 


spherical clusters. Long narrow leaves. 
Suitable for the rock-garden. Prop, 
by seed or division in spring. Any 


Sun 


June, 

July 








good garden soil. Sardinia. 






"Pale 
blue" 
52 


DWARF 
JACOB'S 
LADDER 


**Polem5- 
nium humile 
P. Richard- 


Very good species. Low alpine 
plant. Clusters of bell-shaped flowers 
with golden anthers. Good in border 


6 in. 
Half 
shade 


June, 
July 






sonii 


or in groups in rock-garden. Prop, by 
seed and division. Rich loam. Arctic 












Regions. 






"Light 


GREEK 


*Polem6nium 


See page 55. 




Late 


blue" 


VALERIAN 


rgptans 






Apr. to 


bet. 










early 


46 & 52 










June 


"Azure 


HIMA- 


*Polem6nium 


See page 153. 




Late 


blue" 


LAYAN 


re"ptans 






May to 




VALERIAN 


var. Hima- 






early 






layanum 






July 






P. grandi- 












florum, 












P. caruleum 












var. g. 









261 



BLUE 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


MEADOW 


**Salvia 


The most popular hardy blue-flow- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


violet 


SAGE 


prate*nsis 


ered Salvia. Flowers clustered in 


Sun 


early 


blue" 






large spikes. Foliage in clumps. Ex- 




July 


near 47 






cellent in border. Prop, by seed. Any 












soil. Europe. 






"Blue" 


PIN- 


**Scabidsa 


The best free-blooming vigorous 


I $-2 ft. 


June, 


53 light 


CUSHION 


Caucasica 


species. Rayed flowers on long stems 


Sun 


July 




FLOWER 




in flat heads with pale centres. In- 












significant grayish foliage. Excellent 












for cutting. Border or picking garden. 












Protect in winter. Prop, by seed and 












division. Fairly good garden soil. 












Caucasus Mts. 






"Pale 


GRASS- 


*Scabi6sa 


Graceful habit. Flowers occasion- 


i-iHt. 


June 


blue" 


LEAVED 


rraminifdlia 


ally lavender. Silvery white foliage. 


Sun 


to 


often bet 


SCABIOUS 




Rock-garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 




Oct. 


43&44 






sion. Fairly good garden soil. S. 












Europe. 






"Bluish" 


WOODLAND 


*Scabi6sa 


Thick bushy plant. Solitary flow- 


I -2 ft. 


Early 


near 39 


SCABIOUS 


sylv&tica 


ers on long stems. Good for cutting. 


Sun 


June 


paler 






Leaves large. Border or picking gar- 




to late 








den. Prop, by seed or division. Ordi- 




Sept. 








nary garden soil. Europe. 






"Blue" 


PRICKLY 


S^mphytum 


See page 154. 




Late 


32, turns 
61 


COMFREY 


aspe'rrimum 






May to 
mid. 












July 


"Blue" 


ANGEL'S 


**Ver6nica 


See page 154. 




Late 


bet 


OR BIRD'S 


Chamaedrys 






May, 


60&61 


EYES, GER- 








June 




MANDER 












SPEEDWELL 










"Blue" 


HOARY 


**Ver6nica 


Vigorous plant. Small blue flowers 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


46 


SPEEDWELL 


incana 


in numerous slender spikes. Downy 


Sun 


June 






y. cdndida, 


grayish foliage. Excellent for border 




to late 






V. negUcta 


and rock-garden. Prop, by division. 
Garden soil. S. Western Europe; N. 




July 








Asia. 






"Light 


COMMON 


Verdnica 


See page 1 54. 




May to 


blue" 50 


SPEEDWELL 


officinalis 






Aug. 


"Deep 


SCALLOPED- 


*Ver6nica 


See page 1 54. 




May, 


blue" 


LEAVED 


pectinata 






June 


near 47 


SPEEDWELL 










"Pur- 


ROCK 


**Ver6nica 


See page 1 54. 




Mid. 


plish 


SPEEDWELL 


rupe"stris 






May 


blue" 




V ' . fruticuldsa 






to late 


54 










June 


"Bright 
blue" 

61 duller 


SPIKE- 
FLOWERED 
SPEEDWELL 


**Ver6nica 

spicata 


One of the best species. Dense 
spikes of flowers generally clear blue, 
sometimes pale pink. Downy foliage. 


2-2* ft- 

Sun 


Early 
June, 
July 








Excellent and invaluable for border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any good 












garden soil. Europe; N. Asia. 







262 



BLUE, PARTI-COLORED 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pale 


BASTARD 


*Veronica 


See page 1 54. 




Mid. 


blue" 


SPEEDWELL 


spuria 






May to 


53 pale 




V. panicu- 






June 






lata, V . ame- 












thystina 








"Intense 


HUNGARIAN 


**Ver6nica 


See page 155. 




Late 


blue" 


SPEED- 


Teucrium 






May to 


bet. 


WELL, SAW- 








early 


60&61 


LEAVED 








June 




SPEEDWELL 










"Blue" 


BROAD- 


Ver6nica 


Tall var. with leaves larger than the 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


near 47 


LEAVED 
HUNGARIAN 


Teucrium 
var. latifdlia 


type. A good border plant. Prop, by 
seed or division. Any garden soil. 


Sun 


July 




SPEEDWELL 




Europe. 






"Violet 
blue" 


PEA-LIKE 
VETCH 


Vicia 
oroboides 


Striking pea-shaped flowers in dense 
clusters. Leaves very pointed. Bor- 


,-3 ft. 
Sun 


June 






Orobus 
lathyroides 


der or wild garden. Prop, by seed. 
Any garden soil. Siberia. 






"Pur- 


ARROW- 


Viola 


See page 155. 




May, 


plish 


LEAVED 


sagittata 






early 


blue" 53 


VIOLET 


V. dentata 






June 


"Parti- 
colored" 


GREAT- 
FLOWERED 


**Gaillardia 
aristata 


Daisy-like flowers in profusion, pet- 
als yellow tipped shading to reddish 


.1-3 ft. 

Sun 


June 
to 


6 shading 


GAILLAR- 


G. grandi flora 


brown in centre; last well and are de- 




Nov. 


from 


DIA 




sirable for cutting. Foliage deficient. 






19 to 14 






Group in the border. Prop, by seed, 












division or cuttings. Blossoms the 












first season and continues in bloom 












after frost. Light well-drained porous 












soil. Western U. S. A. 












Var. *grandiflora, best of species; 












flowers larger than type. 






Often 46 


BROWN- 


*Iris squalens 


See page 155. 




Late 


deep with 


FLOWERED 








May, 


1& 35 


IRIS 








June 


Parti- 


HERBA- 


**Pae6nia 


See color "various," page 270. 




June 


colored 


CEOUS 


vars. 










PEONY 










Parti- 


DOUBLE 


*Potentflla 


Somewhat trailing and rather ten- 


2ft. 


June, 


colored 


HYBRID 


h^brida vars. 


der double hybrids which bloom more 


Sun 


July 




CINQUE- 




or less all summer. Velvety butter- 








FOIL 




cup-like flowers produced in profu- 
sion. Strawberry-like foliage. Ef- 












fective in border and rock-garden. 












Protect in winter. Prop, by root 












division in spring. Light sandy soil. 












Eldorado; purple suffused and edged 
with yellow, rictor Lemoine; (mixed 













color nos. 17 brilliant & 6), red and 












yellow. William Rollinson; (color 












nos. 12 & 15), height 12-18 in., red- 












dish brown and orange; foliage beau- 












tiful. Hort. 







263 



VARIOUS 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


LONG- 


*Acanthus 


One of the hardiest species. Flow- 


3-4 ft. 


June, 


often 21 


LEAVED 


longifolius 


ers white to purplish brown, in loose 


Sun 


July 




BEAR'S 




spikes. Ornamental chiefly for its 








BREECH 


"> 


large beautifully shaped bright green 












leaves which are longer than in A. 












mollis. Looks well in the border or 












rock-garden. Protect in winter. Prop. 












by seed or division in spring or fall. 












Light well-drained loam. S. Europe. 






Various 


FAN- 
SHAPED 
COLUMBINE 


*Aquilegia 
aabellata 


Compact growing species with 
showy purple, bright lilac or white 
flowers. Spurs short and incurved. 


i-i^ft. 
Sun 


June 








Handsome foliage. Prop, by seed. It 












prefers a light well-drained but moist 












loam. Japan. See Plate, page 260. 






White to 


DOUBLE- 


*Aquilegia 


See page 1 56. - 




Mid. 


48 duller 


FLOWERED 


vulgaris 






May to 




EUROPEAN 


var. 






July 




COLUMBINE 


fl6re-pleno 








Usually 


WILD 


Asarum 


Creeping plant with curious flow- 


3-9 in. 


Late 


'21 or 2 


GINGER, 


Canade*nse 


ers, chocolate brown, greenish purple, 


Sun or 


June 




CANADA 




or yellow, borne close to the ground 


shade 


to 




SNAKEROOT 




and hidden by cyclamen-like leaves. 




early 








Good under trees and easily culti- 




Aug. 








vated in rich moist soil. Woods, 












Eastern U. S. A. 






36, 39, 


CANTER- 


* * C a rn p dnula 


An old favorite. Biennial plant of 


i*-4ft. 


Late 


47, 48, 


BURY 


Medium 


erect bushy habit bears spreading 


Sun 


June, 


43, 45 


BELLS 




racemes of large bell-shaped flowers, 




July 


etc. 






contracted at the mouth, in shades of 












blue, purple or white and single or 












double. Border. Protect in winter. 












Prop, by seed which can be sown in- 












doors. The plants set out in May will 












then flower the first year. Rich well- 












drained loam. S. Europe. See Plate, 












page 265. 
Var. calycantbema, commonly called 












Cup and Saucer or Hose and Hose. 












This form is the most frequently cul- 
tivated. The calyx is colored like the 












flower giving a cup-and-saucer effect. 












Blooms in July. Tiort. 






48, or 


NOBLE 


"""Campanula 


Nodding spotted flowers 3 in. long, 


2 it. 


Mid. 


white 


BELL- 


nobilis 


reddish violet, cream-colored or white, 


Sun 


June 


spotted 


FLOWER 




are crowded near the ends of the 




to 


with 45 






branchlets. Broad foliage. Very 




Aug. 








handsome in border with good back- 












ground. Prop, by seed and division. 












Rich well-drained loam. China. 






36, 31, 


RED 


**Chrysan- 


Charming flowers like large Daisies, 


I -2 ft. 


June, 


27| 32 


CHRYSAN- 


themum 


which vary from carmine through 


Sun 


July 




THEMUM 


coccmeum 


pink to white. Feathery foliage. A 










Pyrltbrum 


profuse bloomer. The old flowers 










hybridum, 


should be cut off. Good for picking. 










P. rdseum 


Very attractive in clumps or masses 












in the border. Prop, by division. 







264 




CANTERBURY BELLS. Campanula Medium. 




VARIOUS 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 

and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Any good well enriched garden soil. 












There are many double and single 












vars. Caucasus. 






62, 57 


CHINESE 


**Delphinium 


A lovely slender-stemmed bushy 


I -2 ft. 


June, 




LARKSPUR 


grandifldrum 


species. Numerous long-spurred flow- 


Sun 


July 






var. 


ers deep or light blue or white. Lower 










Chine'nse 


petals and spur sometimes violet and 












upper petals yellow. Pretty, deeply 
divided leaves. Charming in masses. 












If the plant is cut back after flowering 












it will bloom again. Prop, by seed, 












division and cuttings. Deep friable or 
sandy soil, well enriched. China. 






33, 34, 

35, etc. 


SWEET 
WILLIAM 


**Didnthus 
barbatus 


Vigorous quickly spreading plant 
which blooms profusely. Flowers in 


10-18 in. 
Sun 


< 








flat-topped clusters, pink, white, red 












and parti-colored. Single and double 












vars. Good for cutting. Single dark 












vars. are prettiest. An old garden 












favorite. P r P- by seed. Any soil. 












Central and S. Europe. See Plate, 












page 266. 






Usually 


COMMON 


**Digitalis 


Usually a biennial plant but often 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


bet. 


FOXGLOVE 


purpiirea 


self-perpetuating. Tubular flowers 


Sun or 


early 


32& 39 




D. tomentosa 


varying from deep purplish pink to 
white, often prettily spotted, droop 
from tall flower stalks. Foliage in 


half 
shade 


July 








clumps at the base. The white is by 












far the prettiest kind. Very effective 












in clumps among shrubs in the wild 












garden or border, or naturalized in 












masses. If cut down it will keep on 












flowering somewhat through the sum- 












mer. Prop, by seed. Rich light soil 












preferable. Europe. See Plates, pages 












1 66 and 176. 












**Var. gloxinia flora, (D. gloxinoides, 












D. gloxiniaftora). A robust var. 












larger in every way than the type. 
Hort. The trade offers var. alba 












which is not spotted. 






Some- 


VIRGINIA 


Hydroph^l- 


See page 156. 




Mid. 


times 


WATER- 


lum 






May to 


43 dull 


LEAF 


Virginicum 






July 


Various 


GERMAN 


**Iris 


See page 1 56. 




Late 




FLAG, 


Germanica 






May, 




FLEUR- 


vars. 






June 




DE-LIS 










Various 


JAPANESE 


**Iris 


One of our most beautiful and ef- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 




IRIS 


laevigata 


fective plants which forms vigorous 


Sun 


July 






/. Kiempferi 


clumps. Flowers large and flat, some- 












times 10 in. across, ranging in color 












from white to deep blue and plum 












color, sometimes mottled or deeply 












veined. Narrow erect leaves. Beau- 












tiful in masses beside water or in the. 












border. Water freely during flower- 







267 



VARIOUS 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








ing season. Easily cultivated. Prop. 












by seed or division. Any good soil, 












enriched with well-rotted manure. 












Some of the best vars. are: Kagarabi; 












(white shaded with color no. 41), 












Kyodai-san, Kigan-no-misao, Kaku 












yako-ro Shippo, Samidare, Tora-odori, 












Oyo-do, Kumo-no-isho, Geisbo-in, 












Mana-dsuru, white with golden centre. 












East Siberia; Japan. See Plate, 












page 269. 






Bet. 


BITTER- 


Lewisia 


Peculiar plant allied to Portulaca. 


2-4 in. 


June, 


38& 44 
or white 


ROOT, 
SPATULUM 


rediviva 


Flowers, varying from deep rose to 
white, 1-2 in. across, rise from a tuft 


Sun 


July 








of succulent leaves. Plant shrivels 












after flowering but is not dead. Prop. 












by seed and spring division. Moist 












well-drained soil. Mts. Western 












U. S. A. 






1 spotted 


WILD 


**Lilium 


Well known native species found in 


i -4 ft. 


M 


brown, 


YELLOW OR 


Canade*nse 


moist meadows and bogs. Spotted 


Sun or 




11 to 14 


CANADA 




flowers with reflexed petals, varying 


half 






LILY 




from yellow to red, droop in a circle 


shade 










and surmount the graceful stems 












around which the leaves grow in 












whorls. Easy to cultivate. Charm- 












ing scattered among shrubs, massed 












in border or to naturalize. Bulbous. 












Prop, by offsets or scales. Light well- 












drained soil. Avoid direct contact 












with manure. Eastern N. Amer. 






Often 32 


TURK'S CAP 


*Lflium 


Vigorous and picturesque species 


2*-5 ft. 


June 


deeper 


OR 
MARTAGON 


Martagon 
L. Dalmdti- 


with turban-shaped fragrant flowers 
in lax racemes, varying in color from 


Sun 






LILY 


cum 


white to purplish red. Foliage decora- 
tive. Mass against high background 












in border. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 












sets, scales or very slowly by seed. 












Any light soil. Avoid direct contact 












with manure. Europe; Asia. 






Often 33 


MULLEIN 


*L?chnis 


Woolly plant with striking mullein- 


I -2$ ft. 


June, 


brilliant 


PINK, 


Coronaria 


like foliage. Flowers i in. wide, 


Sun 


July 




DUSTY 


Agrostemma 


varying from white to rich crimson, 








MILLER, 
ROSE 


Coronaria, 
Coronaria 


form a striking contrast to the pale 
silvery leaves below. Effective in 








CAMPION 


tomentbsa 


rock-garden or border. Prop, by 












seed. Any soil. Europe; Asia. 






Various 


HERBA- 


**Pse6nia 


Peonies are perhaps the most beau- 


3-4 ft- 


[une 




CEOUS 
PEONY 


vars. 


tiful of perennials. The following is a 
carefully chosen list of some of the 


Sun or 
half 










best hort. vars. in the market, double 


shade 










or semi-double excepting in the Jap- 












anese vars. The flowers are large and 












handsome and the foliage effective. 












Beautiful plants for the border and 












especially striking for distant effects, 







268 




JAPANESE IRIS. Iris lavagata. 



269 



OF ""HE 

UNIVERSITY 

OF 




270 



VARIOUS 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








edging walks, beds of shrubs, etc. A 












half shady position is desirable. Usu- 












ally prop, by division in early autumn. 












Gross feeders, they like a deep moist 












loam enriched with cow manure. See 












Plate, page 270. 












White vars. **Duke of Wellington; 












a strong grower with large fragrant 












sulphur white blossoms. Duchesse de 












Nemours; one of the best white 












Peonies, cup-shaped flowers, sulphur 
white with greenish reflections fading 












to pure white. Festiva alba; large 












cup-shaped flowers, glossy and cream 












white with a few carmine spots. A 












dwarf var. ** Festiva maxima; an 












early and very free bloomer. Flowers 












enormous, snow-white, with a few 












purplish carmine spots in centre. One 












of the best and most vigorous of Peo- 












nies. **Marie Lemoine; large convex 












bloom, ivory white petals lightly 












edged with pink. One of the best late 












bloomers. Queen Victoria; large full 












blossom, cream white, centre petals 












tipped with red blotches. Excellent 












for cutting. 












Yellow vars. **Solfaterre; sulphur 












yellow; a good kind. 












Red vars. **Edouard Andre; vig- 












orous plant with large round flowers, 












deep crimson shaded black with a 












metallic lustre. General Jacqueminot; 












fragrant, color of the Jacqueminot 












Rose. ** Richard son's Rubra superba; 












brilliant deep crimson; the latest of 












all Peonies to bloom but fragrant and 












lasting long. 
Pink vars. Edward Crousse; large 












rather bright pink flowers, slightly 












lilac tinted. Alexander Dumas; bril- 












liant pink interspersed with white, 












salmon and creamy buff. Beranger; 












mauve pink, broad cup-shaped flow- 












ers. Duchesse de Nemours; very 












large and fragrant, bright clear violet 












pink, with lilac tinted centre. One of 












the earliest to flower, and especially 












good for cutting. Humea alba; scarce 












var., each blossom having several 












shades of pink. Jennie Lind; clear 












rose pink, fragrant and long lasting. 












Richardson's Dorchester; large deli- 












cate flesh pink flowers which are late 












blooming. Souvenir d' Exposition Uni- 












verselle; clear cherry pink; large, 












fragrant and enduring. 












Parti-colored vars. ** Golden Har- 












vest; large fragrant tricolor flowers, 







271 



VARIOUS 



JUNE 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








guard petals and centre blush pink, 












collar pinkish white and a few petals 












tipped and striped with light crimson; 












general effect creamy pink. **Marie 












Lemoine; early and fragrant, delicate 












China pink shading to ivory white at 












the tips. Marguerite Gerard; im- 












mense flowers, flesh color fading to 












creamy white with petals spotted with 
carmine purple. Marie Stuart; anem- 












one-shaped flower, with a ring of 












bright clear pink petals and centre of 












sulphur white. 












Single Japanese vars. These are 












very charming. **0pbir; dark car- 












mine. ** Vesta; purplish red. 












** Crystal. ** Diana; blush pink 












with creamy white centre. **Nep- 












{une; shell pink. *Topa%; deep rose, 












shading lighter at the margin. 






Various 


WHITE 


**Pa6nia 


See page 159. 




Late 




FLOWERED 


albifl6ra vars. 






May to 




PEONY 








mid. 












June 


Various 


TREE 


Pabnia 


See page 1 59 




Mid. 




PEONY 


Moutn 






May to 






P. arborea 






mid. 












June 


Often 33 


COMMON 


**Pae&nia 


See page 1 59. 




M 


redder GARDEN 


officinalis 










PEONY 


vars. 








Various 


LARGE 
JAPANESE 
PETASITES 


Petasites 
Japdnica 
var. gigantea 


Large composite flowers, purple va- 
rying to white, in clusters. Round 
felt-like leaves with wrinkled mar- 


6ft. 
Sun 


June, 
July 








gins, 3^-4 ft. broad. Stalk and buds 












edible. Good for subtropical effects. 












Sachaline Islands. 






Various 


EARLY OR 


*Phl6x 


Some good early vars. are: Arnold 


I -2 ft. 


M 




SUMMER- 


glabe"rrima 


Turner; white with red centre. 


Sun 






FLOWER- 


var. 


Beauty of Mindon; white rose tinted. 








ING PHLOX 


suffruticbsa 


Burns; rosy purple. Circle; pinkish 












white with deeper centre. Modesty; 












lilac pink, large flowers. Miss Lin- 












gard; (centre color no. 43 deep), 












white with a faint pinkish eye. A 












good var. 






Various 


WILD 


*Phlox 


Resembles P. paniculata, but is not 


1-2* ft- 


M 




SWEET 


maculata 


so much cultivated. Fragrant flow- 


Sun 






WILLIAM 




ers, comparatively small, varying from 












purplish to white, in compact oval 












clusters. Leaves thick and smooth. 












Pretty in border. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion and cuttings. Moist rich soil. 












Penn. S. and W. 






Various 


DOWNY 


*Phl6x pil&sa 


See page 160. 




May, 




PHLOX 


P, aristata 






June 



272 



VARIOUS 



JUNE 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Often 


SAGE 


Salvia 


Popular sub-shrub. Flowers in 


I -2 ft. 


June, 


bet. 




officinalis 


whorls vary in size and in color from 


Sun 


early 


46&47 






purple and blue to white. Leaves 




July 








whitish and rather downv. S. Europe. 
Var. tenuior, flowers blue; used as 












kitchen herb. Mediterranean Region. 






Often 
39 or 38 


EGYPTIAN 
OR 


*Scabi6sa 
arve*nsis 


Straggling plant. Flowers in con- 
vex heads, pink lilac or blue, about 


I -2$ ft. 

Half 


Early 
June 




GYPSIES' 


5. vari a 


i in. wide. Good for cutting. Foli- 


shade 


to 




ROSE 




age insignificant. Reserve garden. 
Prop, by seed and division. Fairly 
good garden soil. Europe. 




mid. 
Aug. 


Various 


COMMON 


*Scflla 


See page 160. 




May, 




BLUEBELL 


festalis 






early 




of England, 


S. nutans, 






June 




WOOD 


S. nonscripta, 










HYACINTH 


S. cernua 








Various 


SPANISH 


**Scilla 


See page 160. 




Late 




SQUILL OR 


Hispanica 






May, 




JACINTH, 


5. campanu- 






June 




BELL- 


lata, 










FLOWERED 


S. pdtula 










SQUILL 










Often 
mixed or 


DARWIN 
TULIP 


**Tulipa 
"Darwin" 


See page 163. 




Late 
May to 


39, 25, or 










early 


3 & green, 










June 


etc. 












Various 


COMMON 
GARDEN 


**Tiilipa 
Gesneriana 


See page 164. 




Mid. 
May to 




OR LATE 


vars. 






early 




TULIP 








June 


25, 42 


PURPLE 


*Verbascum 


Distinct and valuable species. Flow- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 


lighter, 
white 


MULLEIN 


phoeniceum 
y . ferrugi- 


ers, varying from purplish to pinkish, 
open best in wet weather. Leaves 


Shade 


July 






neum 


green, scarcely downy. Border. Prop, 
by seed. Any garden soil. S. Europe; 












Asia. 






Various 


PANSY, 


**VJola 


See page 68. 




Mid. 




HEARTS- 


tricolor 






Apr. to 




EASE 








mid. 












Sept. 





273 



JULY 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


SNEEZE- 


Achillea 


See page 167. 




June 




WORT 


Ptannica 






to mid. 












Sept. 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


**Achillea 


See page 167 and Plate, page 276. 




June 




SNEEZE- 


Ptannica var. 






to Oct. 




WORT 


"The Pearl" 








"White" 


SIBERIAN 


*Achillea 


Large flowers in dense clusters on 


I i-2 ft. 


July to 


MILFOIL ORSibirica 


stiffly erect stems. Useful for cutting. 


Sun 


Oct. 




YARROW 


A. Mongoltca.i Good border plant. Prop, generally 










A. ptarmi- 


by division, also by seed, and cuttings 










coides 


in spring. Dry soil. Siberia. 






"Nearly 


WHITE 


**Aconitum 


Effective plant. Large and showy 


3-4 ft. 


Mid. 


white" 


MONKS- 
HOOD OR 


Napellus var. 
album 


helmet-shaped flowers in racemes on 
erect stems. Handsome deeply divid- 


Sun or 
shade 


July to 
early 




OFFICINAL 


A. Tauricum 


ed leaves. Roots and flowers poi- 




Sept. 




ACONITE 


var. album, A. 


sonous. Good for border and for rocky 










pyramid ale 


banks. Prop, by division. Rich soil 










var. album 


preferable. Europe; Asia; N. Amer. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Aden6phora 


Very similar to the Campanula. 


2-3 ft. 


July, 




POTAN- 


Potannini 


Shrubby plant with spikes of droop- 


Sun 


Aug. 




NINPS 


var. alba 


ing bell-shaped flowers. Border plant. 








GLAND 




Should not be disturbed when estab- 








BELL- 
FLOWER 




lished. Prop, by seed or cuttings in 
spring. Rich loam, well-drained. 












Turkestan. 






"White" 


NARCISSUS- 


Anem&ne 


See page 71. 




May to 


39 under 


FLOWERED 


narcissifldra 






Aug. 


petals 


ANEMONE 


A. umbellata 








"White" 


CANADA 


*Anem6ne 


See page 71. 




Mid. 




ANEMONE 


Pennsylva- 






May to 






nica 






early 






A. Canaden- 






July 






sis, A. 












dicbotoma 








"Cream 


SNOWDROP 


**Anem6ne 


See page 1 1. 




Late 


white" 


WIND- 


sylve"stris 






Apr. to 


tinged 


FLOWER 








mid. 


with 39 










July 


"Green- 


TALL OR 


Anemdne 


See page 167. 




June, 


ish 


VIRGINIAN 


Virginiana 






July 


white" 


ANEMONE 










"White" 


ST. BER- 


*Anthe*ricum 


Small lily-like flowers in loose ra- 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 




NARD'S 
LILY 


Liliago 


cemes. Grass-like foliage springs from 
the root. Needs winter protection. 


Sun 


July to 
early 








Charming in the border. Bulbous. 




Aug. 








Prop, by seed, division of the root, and 












by stolons. S. Europe. 







274 




275 




276 



DOUBLE SNEEZE- WORT. Achillea Ptarmica var. " The Pearl" 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


ST. BRUNO'S 


*Anthe*ricum 


See page 72. 




Late 




LILY 


LiMstrum 






May to 






Paradlsea L. 






early 












July 


"White" 


LARGE- 


Arenaria 


Alpine plant. Flowers in loose 


6-10 in. 


July 




FLOWERED 
SANDWORT 


graminifdlia 
A. procera 


downy panicles. Long grass-like 
leaves, rough-edged. Very desirable 


Sun 










for rock-garden. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion or cuttings. Any garden soil. 


. 










Caucasus. 






"White" 


GALIUM- 
LIKE 


Aspe"rula 
Galioides 


See page 168. 




June, 
July 




WOODRUFF 











"White" 


BRANCHING 


*Asph6delus 


See page 168. 




it 




ASPHODEL 


albus 








"White" 


BOUQUET 


*Aster 


Dwarf early-blooming species, flow- 


i8in. 


July. 




STAR- 
FLOWER, 
YARROW- 


ptarmicoides 

Chrysopsis 
alba 


ering in profusion. Good for cutting 
and for the border. Prop, by seed and 
division. U. S. A. 


Sun 


Aug. 




LEAVED 












STARWORT 










"White" 


SMALL 


*Aster 


See page 168. 




June, 




WHITE 


vimineus 






July 




ASTER 










"Creamy 


FALSE 


**Astilbe 


See page 168. 




Early 


white" 


GOAT'S 


decandra 


. 




June to 




BEARD 


A. b item at a 






early 












July 


"White" 


JAPANESE 


**Astffl>e 


See page 168. 




Mid. 




FALSE 


Japonica 






June 




GOAT'S 


Hoteia /., 






to mid. 




BEARD 


H. barbata, 






July 






Spiraea J. 








"White" 


LARGE 


*Baptisia 


See page 171. 




Early 




WHITE 


leucantha 






June 




WILD 








to mid. 




INDIGO 








fuly 


"Pinkish 
white" 


PLUME 
POPPY 


**Bocc6nia 
cordata 
B. Japonica 


Striking and picturesque plant. 
Small flowers in plume-like panicles, 
borne well above the handsome large- 


5-8 ft. 
Sun 


Early 
fuly to 
early 








leaved dull-green foliage. Wild gar- 




Aug. 








den or shrubbery; for subtropical 












effects. Apt to prove troublesome in 












border. Prop, by seed or suckers. 












Rich soil is best. China; Japan. 






"White" 


ALLIARA- 
LEAVED 


*Campanula 
alliariaefolia 


Vigorous plant. Bell-shaped flow- 
ers droop generally on one side of the 


I*-2ft. 

Sun 


July 




BELL- 
FLOWER 


C. lamiifolia, 
C. macro- 


stem. Large heart-shaped hairy 
leaves. Pretty in the border. Prop. 










pbylla 


by seed, division or cuttings. Rich 












loam well-drained. Caucasus. 






"White" 


WHITE 
CARPA- 


**Campinula 
Carpatica 


See page 171. 




Late 
[une 




THIAN 


var. alba 






:o late 




HAIRBELL 








Aug. 



277 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Campdnula 


More dwarf and compact than the 


6-12 in. 


July. 




TURBAN 


Carptica var. 


type with larger flowers, 1^-2 in. 


Sun 


Aug. 




BELL- 


turbinata 


across, solitary on erect stems. Gray- 








FLOWER 


alba 


ish leaves. Charming for rock-gar- 










C. turbinata 


den or border. Prop, by seed, divi- 










var. dlba 


sion or cuttings. Rich loam, well- 












drained. Hort. 






"White" 


MILK- 
WHITE 


^Campanula 
lactifldra 


Erect branching plant of stiff habit. 
Panicles of milky-white flowers tinged 


2*-6 ft. 

Sun or 


<{ 




BELL- 




with blue. Good in border. Prop, by 


shade 






FLOWER 




seed, division or cuttings. Rich loam, 












well-drained.- Caucasus. 






"White" 


WHITE 


"""Campanula 


See page 171. 




Early 




PEACH- 


persicifdlia 






June 




LEAVED 


var. alba 






to 




BELL- 








early 




FLOWER 








July 


"White" 


BACK- 


**Campanula 


See page 171. 




June, 




HOUSE'S 


persicifolia 






July 




PEACH- 


var. 










LEAVED 


Backhouse! 










BELL- 












FLOWER 










"White" 


MOER- 


**Campanula 


See page 171. 




N 




HEIM'S 


persicifdlia 










PEACH- 


var. 










LEAVED 


Moerheimi 










BELL- 












FLOWER 










"White" 


SPOTTED 


^Campanula 


See page 171 and Plate, page 279. 




June 




BELL- 


punctata 






to late 




FLOWER 








July 


"White", 


WHITE 
CHIMNEY- 


*Campnula 
pyramidalis 


Striking plant. Numerous open 
bell-shaped flowers close to the stem, 


4-6 ft. 
Sun 


July, 

Aug. 




PLANT OR 


var. alba 


in pyramidal racemes. Best treated 








STEEPLE 




as biennial. Effective in the border or 








BELLS 




in isolated groups. Protect in winter. 












Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Rich loam, well-drained. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Campnula 


See page 171. 




June 




BLUE 


rotundifdlia 






to 




BELLS OF 


var. alba 






Sept. 




SCOTLAND 










"White" 


WHITE 


**Centaurea 


See page 75. 




Late 




MOUNTAIN 


montana 






May to 




BLUET OR 


var. alba 






early 




KNAPWEED 








July 


"White" 


WHITE 


Centrfinthus 


See page 172. 




June, 




JUPITER'S 


ruber 






July 




BEARD 


var. albus 








"Cream 


TARTARIAN 


*Cephalaria 


Rather like C. alpina in habit. 


6ft. 


Early 


white" 


CEPHALA- 


Tatarica 


Scabious-like flowers. Good for the 


Sun 


July to 




RIA 




back of border. Prop, by seed and 




Sept. 








division. Any soil. Europe; Asia; 












Africa. 







278 




279 




280 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


BIEBER- 


Cerstium 


See page 172. 




June, 




STEIN'S 


Biebersteinii 






July 




MOUSE-EAR 












CHICK- 












WEED 










"Cream 


WHITE 


*Chel6ne 


Pentstemon-like flowers, often rose- 


1-2* ft. 


July. 


white" 


SMOOTH 


glabra 


tinted, in spikes terminate leafy 


Half 


Aug. 




TURTLE 


C. obllqua 


stalks. Good in border. Prop, by 


shade 






HEAD 


var. alba 


seed, division in the spring, or by cut- 












tings. Rich garden soil. Hort. 






"White" 


DR. JAMES'S 


Chionophila 


See page 172. 




June, 




SNOW- 


Jamesii 






July 




FLOWER 










"White" 


LARGE- 


**Chrysan- 


See page 172. 




it 




FLOWERED 


themun 










WHITE- 


maximum 










WEED 










"White" 


SHASTA 


*Chrysn- 


Seepage 173. 




June 




DAISY 


themum 






J 

to 






"Shasta 
Daisy" 






Sept. 


"White" 


TURFING 
DAISY 


*Chrysn- 
themum 


See page 173. 




June, 
July 






Tchihaichewii 






j *j 


"Creamy 
white" 


BLACK 
SNAKEROOT 


*Cimicifuga 
racemosa 
C. serpentaria 


Long feathery spike-like racemes of 
flowers disagreeable in odor, are borne 
high above the handsome dark foliage. 
Effective against a dark background, 


3-8 ft. 
Sun or 
shade 


July, 

early 
Aug. 








in a moist shady corner. Prop, by 












seed and division. Any soil. See 












Plate, page 280. 












Var. dissecta, foliage more deeply 












divided. N. Amer. 












*Cimicifuga fatida var. simplex, 












(C. simplex) is also grown and is said 












to be "tall and handsome," having a 












"fine dense raceme." Kamtschatka. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Cle*matis 


See page 173. 




Early 




HERBA- 


re*cta 






June 




CEOUS 


C. erecta 






to 




VIRGIN'S 








mid. 




BOWER 








July 


"White" 


RAMONDIA- 


Condndron 


See page 173. 




Tune 




LIKE 


ramondioides 






j UAJVy 

fuly 




CONAN- 








j j 




DRON 










"White" 


HEART- 


*Crambe 


See page 173. 









LEAVED 


cordif&lia 










COLEWORT 










"White" 


MOSQUITO 


Cyn&nchum 


Rather ungraceful plant, noted for 


I -2 ft. 


July 




OR CRUEL - 


acuminati- 


its clusters of small flowers in which 


Sun 






PLANT 


folium 


insects are trapped. Foliage rather 










yincetoxicum 


large, grayish underneath. Wild gar- 










acuminatum, 


den. Prop, by seed. Any soil. Japan. 










y. Japoni- 












cum 


- - 







281 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See color "various," page 359. 




July 






vars. 






to late 












Oct. 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Delphmium 


Racemes of flowers, good for cut- 


2-3 ft. 


July 




CAROLINA 


Carolinianum 


ting. Second bloom possible if first 


Sun 






LARKSPUR 


var. album 


flowers are cut off. Deeply divided 










D. Carolini- 


foliage.. Attractive in border. Prop. 










anum var. 


in spring or autumn by seed, division 










dlbidum 


or cuttings. Transplant every 3 or 4 












years. Deep rich soil, sandy and 












loamy. U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Delphinium 


Very pretty var. with dense racemes 


2-3 ft. 


July, 




LARGE- 


grandifl6rum 


of flowers good for cutting. Pretty 


Sun 


Aug. 




FLOWERED 


var. album 


foliage. Attractive in border. Prop. 








LARKSPUR 




in spring or autumn by seed, division 












or cuttings. Deep rich soil, sandy 












and loamy. Hort. 






"White" 


SAND PINK 


*Dianthus 


See page 174. 




Early 






arenarius 






June to 












early 












July 


"White" 


SPREADING 


*Dianthus 


See page 174. 




June, 




PINK 


squarrosus 






July 


"Cream 
white" 


DIAPENSIA 


Diape"nsia 
lapponica 


Shrubby evergreen. Solitary cup- 
like flowers on stalks densely sheathed 


1-2 in. 

Sun 


July 








below with narrow leaves. Rock-gar- 












den. Prop, by division. Moist peaty 
sandy soil. N. Europe; N. Asia; N. 












Amer. 






"White" 


GAS PLANT, 


**Dictamnus 


See page 174. 




June, 




BURNING 


albus 






July 




BUSH, 


D. Fraxinella 










FRAXI- 












NFT T A 












Li X-/.L/ J-/.rl. j 

DITTANY 










"White" 


WHITE 


**Digitalis 


See page 174. 




June, 




FOXGLOVE 


purpurea 






early 






var. alba 






July 






D. tomentbsa 












var. a. 








"Pur- 
plish 


FULLER'S 
TEASEL 


Dipsacus 
Fullbnum 


See page 177. 




June, 

July 


white" 












"White" 


CYCLAMEN 
POPPY 


Eomecon 
chionantha 


Poppy-like flowers, 2-3 in. across, 
with bright yellow anthers, several 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


July, 

Aug. 








flowers on the stem. Heart-shaped 












cyclamen-like leaves, bright yellowish 












green. Increases rapidly by running 












rootstocks. Border or rock-garden. 












Prop, by division. Moist soil. China. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Epil6bium 


See page 177. 




June 




GREAT 


angustifdlium 






to 




WILLOW 


var. album 






early 




HERB OR 


E. spicatum 






Aug. 




FIRE WEED 


var. a. 









282 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green- 


MOTTLED 


Epipactis 


See page 177. 




June, 


ish 


SWAMP- 


Royleana 






July 


white" 


ORCHIS, 


E. gigantea 










FALSE 












LADY'S 












SLIPPER 










"White" 


HIMA- 


*EremUrus 


See page 177. 




N 




LAYAN 


Himalaicus 










EREMURUS 










"White" 


HORSE- 


Erigeron 


See page 177. 




June 




WEED, 


Canade~nsis 






to 




BUTTER- 








Sept. 




WEED 










"White" 


RATTLE- 


Er^ngium 


See page 177. 




June 




SNAKE- 


aquaticum 






to 




MASTER, 


E . yucccefo- 






Oct. 




BUTTON 


lium 










SNAKEROOT 










"White" 


WHITE 
SEA HOLLY 


*Eryngium 
planum 


Thistle-like plant. Large spiny 
leaves. Striking for subtropical effect 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


July to 
mid. 






var. album 


in the border on account of its orna- 




Aug. 








mental foliage. Prop, by seed or divi- 












sion. Soil, light and sandy. Europe. 






"White" 


TALL 
THOROUGH- 


Eupatbrium 
altissimum 


Woolly branching plant. Flowers 
in dense flat heads, bloom profusely. 


3-5 ft. 

Sun 


July, 
Aug. 




WORT OR 




Good for cutting. Effective in border. 








BONESET 




Prop, by seed and division. Any soil. 












S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"White" 


THOROUGH- 
WORT, 
BONESET, 


Eupat&rium 
perfoliatum 


Vigorous downy plant of disagree- 
able odor. Flowers in dense flat heads. 
Leaves wrinkled, of medicinal value. 


3-5 ft- 

Sun 


it 




INDIAN 




Border. Prop, by seed and division. 








SAGE 




Any soil preferably moist. N. Amer. 






"White" 


FLOWERING 


Euphdrbia 


What appear to be small flowers, 


iHft. 


w 




SPURGE 


corollata 


though really tiny leaves, are borne in 


Sun 










profusion on branching stems. Much 












used for cutting. Border or reserve 












garden. Prop, by division or cuttings. 
Any light soil. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Pure 


SUBCOR- 


*Ftinkia 


Best Funkia. Fragrant lily-like 


i^ft. 





white" 


DATE 


subcordata 


flowers in one-sided racemes, rise 


Shade 






DAY LILY 


F. alba, F. 


above the big clump of large hand- 










cordata, 


some foliage. Effective in border or 










F. Japonica, 
F. liliiftbra, 


along edge of shrubbery. Prop, by 
division. Rich soil. Japan. 










F. macrdntha 








"White" 


GALAX, 
COLTSFOOT, 


Galax 
aph^lla 


An evergreen grown chiefly for its 
foliage. Flowers in slender wands 


6-9 in. 
Shade 


July 




WAND 




rise on leafless stems above a neat 








PLANT 




spreading clump of bright green leaves 












which turn to reddish bronze in win- 












ter. Foliage excellent for cutting. 












Desirable as carpeting in rock-garden, 












for bog-garden or for border of Rho- 












dodendrons. Prop, by division. Cool 












moist peaty loam. S. Eastern U. S. A. 







283 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Galega 


See page 178. 




June, 




GOAT'S RUE 


officinalis 






July 






var. alba 












G. Persica 








"White" 


NORTHERN 


Galium 


See page 178. 




Early 




BEDSTRAW 


boreale 






Juneto 






G. septen- 






mid. 






tr ion ale 






July 


"White" 


WHITE OR 


Galium 


See page 178. 




Early 




GREAT 


Mollugo 






June 




HEDGE 








to late 




BEDSTRAW, 








Aug. 




WILD 












MADDER 










"White" 


SYLVAN 
BEDSTRAW 


*Galium 
Sylvaticum 


Myriads of tiny flowers in panicles 
on prostrate stems. Good for cutting, 
and with the mist-like effect of Gyp- 


iHft. 

Sun 


July. 

Aug 








sophila paniculata mingles well with 












other flowers. Good in border. Prop. 












by seed and division. Ordinary soil. 












S. Europe. 






"White" 


CAPE OR 


**Galt6nia 


Striking spikes of fragrant bell- 


3-5 ft. 


N 




GIANT 


candicans 


shaped flowers, like large Snowdrops, 


Sun or 






SUMMER 


Hyacinthus 


rise above hyacinth-like foliage. Ex- 


half 






HYACINTH 


cdndicans 


cellent and effective in border with 


shade 










good background. Protect in very 
cold climates. Bulbous. Prop, by 












offsets or slowly by seed. Light rich 












soil. S. Africa. 






"White" 


WINTER- 
GREEN, 
CHECKER- 


Gaultheria 

procumbens 


Familiar creeping evergreen. Waxy 
flowers droop beneath glossy dark 
green foliage. Scarlet berries edible 


4-6 in. 
Half 
shade 


(( 




BERRY, 




and fragrant. Beautiful for dense 








BOXBERRY 




carpeting in rock-garden. Prop, by 












seed, division, cuttings or layers. 












Soil rather moist, peaty or sandy. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Geranium 


See page 77. 




-ate 




BLOOD 


sanguineum 






May to 




CRANES- 


var. album 






mid. 




BILL 








[uly 


"White" 


AMERICAN 


*Gillenia 


See page 178. 




lune, 




IPECAC 


stipulacea 






early 






Porterdnthus 






'uly 






stipulacus 








"White" 


BOWMAN'S 


*GiUenia 


See page 178. 









ROOT, 


trifoliate 










INDIAN 


Porterdnthus 










PHYSIC 


trifolidtus 








"White" 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See color "various," page 365. 




uly to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 



284 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green- 


RATTLE- 


Goodyera 


Dwarf Orchid. Flowers in dense 


3 in. 


July, 


ish 


SNAKE 


pube"scens 


spikes rise from a tuft of foliage. 


Shade 


Aug. 


white" 


PLANTAIN 




Beautiful leaves, velvety green, deli- 












cately veined with silver. Rock- 












garden or for naturalization. Prop. 












by cutting, including a piece of root. 
Moist soil, peat and leaf-mold. N. 












Amer. 






"Pinkish 
white" 


POINTED- 
LEAVED 
CHALK- 


*Gypsdphila 
acutifdlia 


Resembles G. paniculata. Tiny 
flowers in spreading feathery panicles. 
Good for cutting. Scanty foliage. 


3-4 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
July 

to late 




PLANT 




Border or rock-garden. Prop, by seed, 




Aug. 








division or cuttings. Fairly dry limy 












soil. Caucasus. 






"Pinkish 
white" 


CERAS- 
TIUM-LIKE 


*Gypsdphila 
cerastioides 


Downy creeping plant. Large flow- 
ers, red-veined, in clusters. Leaves 


3-6 in. " 
Sun 


July 




CHALK- 




softly hairy on both surfaces. Desir- 








PLANT 




able in rock-garden. Prop, by seed, 












division or cuttings. Fairly dry lime- 












stone soil. Himalayas. 






"White" 


ELEGANT 


*Gypsdphila 


See page 178. 




June, 




CHALK- 


e"legans 






July 




PLANT 










"Pinkish 
white" 


BABY'S 
BREATH 


**Gyps6phila 
paniculata 


Dense spreading bush. Numerous 
tiny flowers in light feathery panicles; 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


July, 
Aug. 








delicate foliage. Good for cutting. 












Excellent in border or large rock- 












garden. Resists drought. Prop, by 












seed, division or cuttings. Fairly dry 












garden soil. Europe. 












Var. flore-pleno, flowers double. 






"White" 


STEVEN'S 


*Gyps6phila 


See page 178. 




[une, 




CHALK- 


Steveni 






early 




PLANT 


G. glauca 






[uly 


"White" 


UMBEL- 


Helianthe- 


See page 178. 




[une, 




FLOWERED 


mum 






[uly 




SUN ROSE 


umbellatum 








"Green- 
ish" 


HERNIARY, 
RUPTURE- 


Herniaria 
glabra 


Rapidly spreading plant of dense 
growth, forming a turfy mat with 


2 in. 

Sun 


fuly, 
Aug. 




WORT 




clusters of small flowers. Foliage 












evergreen, reddish in winter. One of 












the best plants for carpeting in poor 
soil. Prop, by seed and division. Any 












soil. Europe; Asia. 






"White" 


DOUBLE 


*He*speris 


See page 179. 




une, 




WHITE 


matronalis 






uly 




SWEET 


var. 










ROCKET 


ilba plena 








"White" 


WHITE 


Heuchera 


See page 179. 




une 




CORAL 


angumea 






o late 




BELLS 


var. alba 






Sept. 






H. alba 








"Whit- 


HAIRY 


Hetichera 


See page 179. 




.ate 


ish" 


A.LUM 


villdsa 






une 


faintly 
32 


ROOT 


i. caulescent 








Sept. 



285 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Cream 
white" 


BROAD- 
LEAVED 


Hydrophyl- 
lum 


See page 179. 




June, 
July 


WATER- 


Canade*nse 


. 








LEAF 










"White" 


WHITE 


Lamium 


See page 81. 




Mid. 




VARIE- 


maculatum 






May 




GATED 


var. album 






to late 




NETTLE 


L. album 






July 


"White" 


GOLD- 


**Lilium 


Extremely showy. Flowers nearly 


2-4 ft. 


Mid. 




BANDED 


auratum 


a foot wide, thickly dotted with pur- 


Sun or 


July to 




OR JAPAN 




ple and marked with central yellow 


half 


mid. 




LILY 




bands. Effective massed in border or 


shade 


Aug. 








scattered in Rhododendron bed. Plant 












deep in well-spaded peaty well-drained 












soil, and avoid direct contact with ma- 












nure. Short-lived bulb. Prop, by 












offsets, scales, or very slowly by seed. 












Japan. See Plate, page 287. 






"White" 


MADONNA 


**Lilium 


See page 180. 




June, 




LILY 


candidum 






July 


"White" 


GIANT 
LILY 


*Lilium 
giganteum 


A large imposing plant with fra- 
grant funnel-shaped flowers on gigan- 
tic stems well-clothed with large heart- 


4-1 oft. 
Sun or 

half 


July. 

early 
Aug. 








shaped leaves. When conditions are 


shade 










right, not hard to grow. Prop, by 












scales or offsets. Light well-drained 












peaty soil. Avoid direct contact with 












manure. Himalayan Region. 






"White" 


COMMON 


*Lilium 


A profusion of fragrant waxy trum- 


1-3 ft. 







TRUMPET 
LILY 


longifldrum 


pet-shaped flowers, slightly drooping. 
Pretty in border or along edge of 


Sun or 
half 










shrubbery. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 


shade 










sets, scales, or very slowly by seed. 












Any light soil. Avoid direct contact 












with manure. Japan; China. 












Var. eximium (L. Harrisii, L. 












eximiurn), Bermuda or Easter Lily, 












has greater profusion of larger flow- 












ers and more leaves. 






"White" 


WALLICH'S 


*Lflium 


Rather hard to cultivate. Very 


4-6 ft. 


July 




LILY 


Wallichianum 


large fragrant funnel-form flowers 


Half 










shading into green, grow horizontally 


shade 










on leafy stalks. Good in margin of 












shrubbery. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 












sets, scales, or very slowly by seed. 












Light rich soil. Avoid direct contact 












with manure. Himalayas. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Linum 


See page 81. 




Mid. 




PERENNIAL 


pere"nne 






May to 




FLAX 


var. album 






Aug. 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Lupinus 


See page 180. 




June, 




MANY- 


polyphyllus 






July 




LEAVED 


var. albiflbrus 










LUPINE 


L. p. var. dl- 












bus, L. grandi- 












florus var. a. 









286 




GOLD-BANDED LILY. Lilium aurati 




287 





288 



WHITE TO 



HITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


*L^chnis 


Fragrant double flowers, larger 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 




WHITE OR 


alba var. 


than Pinks, and opening in the even- 


Sun 


July to 




EVENING 


fldre-pleno 


ing. Grow in loose clusters. Common 




mid. 




CAMPION 


L. vespertlna 
var. fldre- 


in old-fashioned gardens. Prop, by 
seed, division or cuttings. Any soil. 




Sept. 






pleno 


Europe. 






"White" 


SINGLE 
& DOUBLE 


**Lchnis 
Chalcedonica 


See page 180 and Plate, page 288. 




June 
to 




WHITE 


vars. alba & 






early 




MALTESE 


alba plena 






Aug. 




CROSS 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Lchnis 


See page 180. 




June, 




MULLEIN 


coronaria 






July 




PINK OR 


var. alba 










DUSTY 












MILLER 










"White" 


SIEBOLD'S 


*L^chnis 


See page 180. 




H 




LYCHNIS 


coronata 












var. Sieboldii 












L. S., L. ful- 












gent var. S. 








"White" 


JAPANESE 


**Lysimachia 


See page 180. 




Mid. 




LOOSE- 


cle thro ides 






June 




STRIFE 








to late 












July 


"White" 


WHITE 
MUSK 


*Malva 
moschata 


Showy plant. Large single fragrant 
flowers 2 in. across in clusters. Foli- 


I -2 ft. 

Sun or 


July to 
early 




MALLOW 


var. alba 


age sweet-smelling. Good in the bor- 
der. Prop, by seed and division. Any 


shade 


Sept. 








soil. 






"White" 


DOUBLE 


*Matricaria 


See page 183. 




June 




SCENTLESS 


inoddra var. 






to 




CAMOMILE 


plenissima 






Sept. 






M. i. var. 












ligulosa, var. 












multiplex, M. 












grandifldra, 












Chrysanthe- 












mum i. var. 












fldre-pleno 








"Yellow- 


BALM 


Melissa 


See page 183. 




June 


ish 




officinalis 






to 


white" 






', 




early 












Aug. 


"Whit- 


VARIE- 


Me"ntha 


See page 183. 




June, 


ish" 


GATED 


rotundif61ia 


' 




July 




ROUND- 


var. variegata 










LEAVED 












MINT 










"White" 
with 25 


MICHAUX'S 
BELL- 
FLOWER 


Michauxia 
campanu- 
loides 


Stately plant, similar to Campanula, 
with drooping purple-tinged flowers 
scattered along the stalks. Large 


4-5 ft-" 

Sun 


July 








rough leaves. Good biennial for back- 












ground of border. Protect slightly in 












winter. Prop, by seed just ripe. 












Light rich soil. Levant. 







289 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Dull 


WHITE 


*Monarda 


Rather coarse open flowers and in- 


2-2 |ft. 


July 


white" 


WILD 


fistulosa 


conspicuous foliage. Striking in 


Sun 






BERGAMOT 


var. alba 


masses along banks or in wild places. 












Prop, by division; separate often in 












spring. Ordinary soil. N. Amer. 






"White" 


STEMLESS 


*(Enothera 


See page 82. 




Late 


turns to 


EVENING 


acaiilis CE. 






May to 


36 


PRIMROSE 


Taraxacifdlia 






Aug. 


"White" 


WHITE 


Onbnis 


Spreading plant of branching habit 


i-ijft. 


Mid. 




REST- 


arve*nsis 


covered with a mass of pea-shaped 


Sun 


July to 




HARROW 


var. alba 


flowers. Useful for banks and wild 




early 






O. spinosa 
var. alba 


parts of rock-garden. Prop, by seed 
and division. Any soil. Europe. 




Aug. 


"Silvery 


ORIENTAL 


**Papaver 


See page 184. 




Early 


white" 


POPPY 


orientale 






June to 




SILVER 


"Silver 






early 




QUEEN 


Queen" 






July 


"White" 


AMERICAN 


Parthe*nium 


See page 184. 




June 




FEVERFEW, iinlegrifolium 






to 




PRAIRIE 








Sept. 




DOCK 










"White" 


HARMALA 


Peganum 


See page 184. 




June, 




RUE 


Harmala 






July 


"White" FOXGLOVE 


**Pentstemon 


See page 187. 




Early 




BEARD- 


lasvigatus var. 


, 




June 




TONGUE 


Digitalis 






to mid. 






P. Digitalis 






July 


"White" 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x 


See color "various," page 370. 




July to 




PHLOX 


paniculata 






Oct. 






P. decussata 








"White" 


WHITE 
FALSE 


*Physostegia 
Virginiana 


Pretty but rather stiff in effect; 
grows in clumps. Tubular flowers in 


1-3 ft. 

Sun 


Early 

July. 




DRAGON- 


var. alba 


dense racemes terminate leafy erect 




Aug. 




HEAD |P. Virginica 


stalks. Frequent division is necessary. 










var. alba 


Border or naturalization. Prop, by 












division in the spring. Any ordinary. 












soil, preferably moist and rich. Hort. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Platyc6don 


See page 187 and Plate, page 288. 




June 




BALLOON 


grandiflorum 






to 




FLOWER 


var. ilbum 






Oct. 






Campanula g. 












var. a. 












Wablenbergia 












g. var. a. 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Primula 


See page 187. 




June, 




JAPANESE 


Japdnica 






July 




PRIMROSE 


var. alba 








"White" ROUND- 


Pfrola 


See page 187. 




ii 




LEAVED 


rotundifolia 










WINTER- 












(TRFFN 












VTl*.-I-/JC/i" | 

INDIAN 












LETTUCE 










"Green" 


PYRENEAN 
MIGNO- 


Reseda glauca 


See page 188. 




ii 


INETTE 





















290 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


RODGER'S 
BRONZE- 
LEAF 


Rodge*rsia 
podophylla 


See page 188. 




June, 
early 

July 


"White" 


PEARL- 
WORT 


Sagma 
subulata 
S. pUi/era, 
Spergula 
pili/era, 
S. subulata 


Tufted alpine evergreen, starred with 
numerous small flowers. Tiny leaves. 
Excellent for forming a velvety car- 
peting, especially in the shade on level 
soil. Prop, by division. Corsica. 


4 in. 
Shade 


July, 

Aug. 


"White" 


SILVERY 
CLARY, 
SILVER- 
LEAVED 
SAGE 


*Salvia 
arge*ntea 


See page 188. 




June, 
early 

July 


"White" 


WHITE 
MEADOW 
SAGE 


*Salvia 
pratnsis 
var. alba 


See page 188. 







"White" 


WHITE 
SYLVAN 
SAGE 


Salvia 
sylve"stris 
var. alba 


Flowers in showy spikes. Oblong 
leaves. Border. Prop, by seed. Any 
soil. Europe. 


3-3Ht. 

Sun 


July 


"Whit- 
ish" 


CANADIAN 
OR WILD 
BURNET 


Sanguisdrba 
Canade"nsis 


See page 188. 




Mid. 
June 
to late 
July 


"Green- 
ish" 


BURNET 


Sanguisorba 
minor 
Poterium 
Sanguisorba 


See page 188. 




Late 
June 
to mid. 

July 


"White" 


PYRAMIDAL 
COTYLEDON 
SAXIFRAGE 


*Saxifraga 
Cotyledon 
var. 
pyramidalis 


See page 188. 




June, 

July 


"White" 


WHITE 
CAUCASIAN 
SCABIOUS 


*Scabi6sa 
Caucasica 
var. alba 


See page 189. 




M 


"White" 


WHITE 
WOODLAND 
SCABIOUS 


*Scabi6sa 
sylvatica 
var. albiflbra 


See page 189. 




Early 
June 
to late 
Sept. 


"Cream 
white" 


WHITE 
STONECROP 


*Sedum 
album 


Pretty creeper. Starry flowers in 
clusters. Dense pulpy pale green foli- 
age. Good as carpeting for rock-gar- 
den or margin of border. Prop, pref- 
erably by division. Sandy soil. 
Europe; N. Asia. 


4-6 in. 

Sun or 
half 
shade 


Mid. 
July 

to late 
Aug. 


"Pinkish 
white" 


SPANISH 
STONECROP 


Sedum 
Hispanicum 


Creeping plant. Starry flowers in 
clusters. Succulent leaves, very nar- 
row, grayish turning reddish. Good 
for carpeting. Prop, preferably by 
division. Sandy soil best. Europe. 


3-4 in. 

Sun 


July 


"White" 


MONRE- 
GALENSIS 
STONECROP 


Sedum 
Monregale"nse 
5. cruciatum 


See page 189. 




June, 

July 



291 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


NEVIUS' 
STONECROP 


*Sedum 
Nevii 


Prostrate plant with erect flower 
stems. Rosettes of succulent ever- 


3-5 in. 

Sun 


July 








green foliage. Excellent for edging, 












and for rock-garden. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Sandy soil. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Green- 
ish" 


ROSEROOT, 
ROSEWORT 


Sedum 

roseum 


See page 189.. 




June, 

July 






5. Rhodwla 








"White" 


DOUBLE 


Silene 


See page 189. 




H 




SEASIDE 


maritima 










CATCHFLY 


var. flbre- 












pleno 








"White" 


GOAT'S 
BEARD 


**Spiraea 

Aruncus 


See page 190. 




June, 
early 






A. Sylvester 






July 


"Creamy 


ASTILBE- 


**Spirsea 


See page 190. 




M 


white" 


LIKE 


astilboides 










MEADOW 


S. Aruncus 










SWEET 


var. a. 












Aruncus a., 












Astllbe a., 












A. Japdnica 








"Cream 
white" 


KAMT- 
SCHATKAN 


*Spirsea 

Damtschatica 


Irregular flower-clusters crown erect 
stems and rise from a tuft of palmate 


5-10 ft. 
Half 


July 




MEADOW 


S. gigantea, 


root leaves. Good in the border or 


shade 






SWEET 


Filipendula 


beside water. Prop, by seed and divi- 










Camtscbdtica, 


sion. Fairly rich moist soil. Kam- 










Ulmaria C. 


schatka. 






"Creamy 


FINGERED 


*Spirafea 


See page 190. 




Early 


white" 


SPHLEA 


digitata 






[uneto 












early 












fuly 


'Yellow- 


DROPWORT 


*Spiraea 


See page 190. 




fune, 


ish 




Filipendula 


_ 




early 


white" 




F. bexapttala, 






luly 






Ulmaria F. 








"Muddy 
white" 


WHITE 
PALMATE- 


*Spirsea 
paimata 


See page 190 




.ate 
une, 




LEAVED 


var. alba 






uly 




MEADOW 












SWEET 










"Cream 


ENGLISH 


*Spirsea 


See page 190. 




une, 


white" 


MEADOW 


Jlmaria 






uly 




SWEET, 
MEADOW 


Filipendula 
Ulmaria, 










QUEEN, 


Ulmaria 


. 








BONEY 


pentapetala, 










SWEET 


U. palustris 








"White" 


WHITE 


Stdtice 


Clusters of small flowers in spike- 


lift. 


uly, 




COMMON 


Limdniiim 


lets crown numerous slender branches. 


Sun 


Aug. 




SEA 


var. alba 


Leaves spring from the root. Rock- 








LAVENDER 




garden and border. Prop, by seed 








OR MARSH 




and division. Deep rich soil. Europe; 








ROSEMARY 




N. Asia. 







292 



WHITE, YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


HOFMANN'S 
SYMPHY- 
ANDRA 


Symphyandra 
Hofmanni 


Branching plant somewhat resem- 
bling the Campanula. Large leafy clus- 
ters of drooping bell-shaped flowers 
varying to blue. Pretty in rock-gar- 
den or border. Prop, by seed, division 


I -2 ft. 

Half 
shade 


July 








or cuttings. Dry soil. Bosnia. 






"Creamy 
white" 


COMMON 
COMFREY 


Symphytum 
officinale 


See page 93. 




Late 
May to 


often 37 










mid. 












July 


"White" 


FEATH- 


*Thalictrum 


See page 93. 




<{ 




ERED 


aquilegi- 










COLUMBINE 


fdlium 








"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


Th^mus 


See page 193. 




Early 




WILD 


Serpyllum 






June 




THYME 


var. montanus 






to mid. 






T. m., 






Aug. 






T. Cbamkdrys 








"White" 


WHITE 


Tradescdntia 


See page 94. 




Late 




SPIDER- 


Virginiana 






May 




WORT 


var. alba 






to late 












Aug. 


"Yellow- 


HUNGARIAN 


Triffclium 


See page 193. 




Late 


ish 


CLOVER 


Pannonicum 






June 


white" 










to mid. 


2 










July 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Ver6nica 


See page 193. 




Early 




SPIKE- 


spicata 






June, 




FLOWERED 


var. alba 






July 




SPEEDWELL 










"White" 


WHITE 


**VIola 


See page 23. 




Late 




HORNED 


cornuta 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


var. alba 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"Creamy 


ADAM'S 


**Ytkca 


See page 194. 




June, 


white" 


NEEDLE, 


filamentosa 






July 


2 greener 


BEAR OR 












SILK GRASS, 












THREADY 




> 








YUCCA 










"Yellow" 


WOOLLY- 


*Achillea 


See page 96. 





Late 


5 


LEAVED 


tomentdsa 






May to 




MILFOIL 








mid. 












Sept. 


"Pale 


EGYPTIAN 


Achillea 


Alpine plant. Flowers in small flat 


12-18 in. 


July 


yellow" 
4 


MILFOIL OR 
YARROW 


Touraef6rtii 

A. /Egyptiaca 


clusters. Foliage silvery and fern- 
like. Excellent for covering dry bare 
places. Prop, by seed, division and 


Sun 


:o 
Oct. 








cuttings. Any garden soil. Greece. 






"Yellow" 


PYRENEAN 


Aconitum 


See page 194. 




fune, 


4 pale 


MONKS- 


Anthbra 






fuly 




HOOD' 


A. Pyrenai- 








j 




cum 









293 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


PALE 


*Aconitum 


Narrow helmet-shaped flowers, 


3-4 ft. 


July to 


2 


YELLOW 


Lycdctonum 


sometimes whitish, in racemes. Foli- 


Sun or 


early 




WOLFSBANE 


A. barbatum, 
A. ochroleu- 


age deeply cut. Roots poisonous. 
Good border plant. Prop, by seed and 


half 
shade 


Sept. 






cum, 


division. Prefers rich soil. Europe; 










A. squarrosum 


Siberia. 






"Yellow" 


PIGMY 


Actinella 


See page 194. 




June, 


4 


SUN- 


grandiflora 






early 




FLOWER 








July 


"Yellow" 
6 very 


DOTTED 
PICRA- 


Actinella 

scaposa 


Hairy alpine plant. Numerous as- 
ter-like flowers i in. across. Leaves 


6-15 in. 
Sun 


July, 

Aug. 


deep 


DENIA 


Picradenia 


spring from root. % Good for rock-gar- 










scaposa 


den. Prop, by seed and division. 












Light soil. Col. 




s 


"Yellow" 
6 lighter 


CROWN- 
BEARD 


*Actin6meris 

squarrosa 


Coarse branching plant bearing nu- 
merous daisy-like flowers with irreg- 


4-8 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
July 








ular rays; several on the stem. Plant 




to late 








in wild garden or with shrubs. Prop. 




Aug. 








by division. U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


PYRENEAN 


*Ad6nis 


Solitary showy and brilliant butter- 


i-i*ft. 


July 


3 


ADONIS 


Pyrenaica 


cup-like flowers. Foliage very finely 


Sun or 










divided. Adapted for rock-garden or 


half 










border. Prop, by seed and division. 


shade 










Any ordinary garden soil, rather 












moist. Pyrenees. 






"Yellow" 


SILVERY 


Al^ssum 


See page 194. 




June to 


6 


MADWORT 


arge"ntium 






early 






A. alpestre 






Aug. 


"Yellow" 


BEAKED 


Al^ssum 


See page 194. 




Early 


4 


MADWORT 


rostratum 






June to 






A. Wilri- 






early 






bickii 






Aug. 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


*Anthemis 


See page 194. 




Mid. 


5 


MARGUE- 


Kelwayi 






June 




RITE 


A. tinctoria 






to Oct. 






var. Kelwayi. 








"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


*Anthemis 


See page 96. 




Mid. 


2, 


MARGUE- 


inctoria 






May to 


centre 6 


RITE, ROCK 








Oct. 




CAMOMILE 










"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Aquilegia 


See page 24. 




Late 


2 


CANADIAN 


Canade"nsis 






Apr. to 




COLUMBINE 


var. flavifldra, 






early 






A. C. var. 






[uly 






flavescens, 












A. ccerulea 












var. f. 








"Yellow" 


GOLDEN- 


**Aquilegia 


See page 96. 




^ate 


3 & 2 


SPURRED 


chrysantha 






Way 




COLUMBINE 


A. leptoceras 






o late 






var. c. 






Aug. 


"Orange 
yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 
TOBACCO 


*Arnica 

montana 


Large daisy-shaped flowers. Leaves 
broad and oval springing from the 


i ft. 
Sun 


uly, 
Aug. 


4 


OR SNUFF 




root or growing in pairs on the stalk. 












Rock-garden or border. Prop, by 












seed, or generally by division. Europe. 







294 



ELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


' "Yellow" 


TRUE 


*Asphodeline 


See page 195. 




June, 


4 


ASPHODEL, 


lutea 






July 




KING'S 


Asphddelus 










SPEAR 


luteus 








"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


Astragalus 


See page 195. 







4 


MILK 


alopecuroides 










VETCH 










"Yellow" 


CHINESE 


Astragalus 


See page 195. 




N 




MILK 


Chine'nsis 










VETCH 










"Yellow" 


GALEGA- 
LIKE MILK 


Astragalus 
galegif6rmis 


See page 195. 




Early 
June to 




VETCH 








early 












July 


"Yellow" 


WILLOW- 


*Bupthal- 


See page 195. 




June, 


6 


LEAVED 


mum 






July 




OX-EYE 


salicif&lium 












B. grandi- 












florum 








"Yellow" 


SHOWIEST 


*Bupthal- 


See page 195. 







6 


OX-EYE 


mum speci- 












osissimum 








"Yellow" 


SHOWY 


*Bupthal- 


See page 195. 




M 


5 


OX-EYE 


mum 












speciosum 












fi. cordifolium 








"Yellow" 


ITALIAN 
CANNA 


**Canna 
vars. 


See color "various," page 357. 




July 

to late 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


WILD 


*Cassia 


Handsome shrub-like plant. Nu- 


3-5 ft. 


July, 


6 


SENNA 


Marylandica 


merous small clusters of flowers with 


Sun 


Aug. 








chocolate colored anthers. Orna- 












mental light green compound foliage. 
Prop, by seed and division. Easily 












cultivated even in poor soil. New 












Eng. and West. 






"Yellow" 
5 


BABYLO- 
NIAN 
CENTAURY 


Centaurfca 
Babyl6nica 


Picturesque strong-growing plant. 
Numerous globe-shaped flowers in 
spikes. Grown chiefly for the silvery 


6-1 2 ft. 

Sun 


July 








foliage. Useful for back of border 












and margin of shrubbery. Prop, by 
seed. Sandy soil is best. Levant. 






"Yellow" BLUE- 
5 LEAVED 


Centaurfca 
glastifolia 


Grows vigorously and is free-flow- 
ering. Silvery thistle-like flowers. 


3-4 ft, 
Sun 


July, 

Aug. 




CENTAURY 




Border. Prop, by seed and division. 








OR STAR 




Easily cultivated in ordinary soil. 








THISTLE 




Caucasus. 






"Yellow" 


SHOWY 


**Centaurea 


The best and most showy Centau- 


2H ft. 


Mid. 


5 


CENTAURY 
OR 


macro ce"phala 


rea. Very large round flowers. Ex- 
cellent foliage. Good for cutting. 


Sun 


July to 
Sept. 




KNAPWEED 




Effective in border or shrubbery. 












Prop, by seed. Armenia. 






"Yellow" 


LEMON- 


Centaurea 


See page 99. 




Late 


1 & 21 


COLOR 


montana var. 






May to 


light 


MOUNTAIN 


citrina 






early 




BLUET 


C. m. var. 






July 






sulpburea 









YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pale 


RUSSIAN 


?entaurea 


Large thistle-like flowers. Dark 


3-4 ft. 


July 


yellow" 


KNAPWEED 


Ruthlnica 


green ornamental leaves deeply divi- 


Sun 










ded. Good in border. Prop, by seed 












and division. Any garden soil. 












Orient. 






"Pale 


ALPINE 


"Cephalaria 


See page 196. 




Late 


yellow" 


CEPHA- 


alp in a 






[une 


4 very 


LARIA 








to late 


pale 










[uly 


"Yellow" 


GOLD 


2hrys6gonum 


See page 196. 




[une, 


3 


JOINT 


/irginianum 






Ny 


"Yellow" 


ERECT 


*Cle-matis 


A plant of erect somewhat bushy 


1-2 ft. 


J^y. 


3 


SILKY 


ochroleuca 


habit. Solitary flowers. Silky foliage. 


Sun 


Aug. 




CLEMATIS 


C. sericea 


Pretty in border or rock-garden. 












Winter mulching desirable. Prop, by 












seed and cuttings. Rich deep soil. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 
6 paler 


LARKSPUR 
TICKSEED 


*Core6psis 

delphinifdlia 


Compact branching plant. Flow- 
ers have dark brown centres and 


1-3 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
July to 








6-10 yellow rays. Smooth foliage. 




mid. 








Good border plant. Prop, by seed. 




Sept. 








Easily cultivated in any soil. Dry 












woods, Va. to Ala. 






"Yellow" 


LARGE-' 


**Core6psis 


See page 196 and Plate, page 297. 




June 


5 


FLOWERED 


grandiflSra 






to 




TICKSEED 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


LANCE- 


**Core6psis 


, See page 196 and Plate, page 298. 




(i 


6 


LEAVED 


lanceolata 










TICKSEED 










"Yellow" 


STIFF 


*Core6psis 


See page 196. 




June, 


5 


TICKSEED 


palmata 






J^y 






C. pracox 








"Yellow" 
6 deeper 


STAR 
TICKSEED 


*Core6psis 

pube"scens 
C. auriculala 


Vigorous branching species, more 
leafy than C. delphinifolia. The 
flowers have yellow rays with a band 


,-4 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 

July 

to late 








of purplish brown encircling the brown 
or yellow disk. Thick rather glossy 
foliage. Good for wild garden or 




Sept. 








border. Prop, by seed. Easily culti- 












vated in any soil. Rich woods, Va. 
to 111. and La. 






"Yellow" 
6 paler 


WHORLED 
TICKSEED 


*Core6psis 
verticillata 


A pretty species, showy and slightly 
branching. Small and pretty flowers 


i-3 ft. 

Sun 


July, 

Aug. 






C. ttnuifdlia 


1-2 in. across, with yellow rays jagged 












at the tip, and dull yellow disks are 












borne erect on wiry stems. Foliage 












fine, feathery and dark. Good for 












the border. Prop by seed. Easily 












cultivated in any ordinary soil. Dry 
soil, Ontario to N. C. and Ark. 






"Yellow" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 

vars. 


See color "various," page 359. 




July 

to late 
Oct. 




297 




298 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


ZALIL'S 


*Delphinium 


See page 196. 




June, 


2 


LARKSPUR 


Zalil 






J^y 






D. sulphii- 












reunt, 












D. bybridum 












oar. s. 








"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Digitalis 


See page 197. 




Early 


2 


FOXGLOVE 


ambigua 






June 






D. grandi- 






to mid. 






flora, 






July 






D. ocbroleuca 








"Yellow" 
2& 1 


RUSTY 
FOXGLOVE 


*Digitalis 
ferruginea 


Biennial plant. Long dense racemes 
of rusty tubular flowers are borne on 


4-6 ft. 
Sun or 


July 






D. aurea 


very leafy stalks. Border. Prop, by 


shade 










seed and division. Any rich light soil. 












S. Europe. 






"Cream 
color" 


WOOLLY 
FOXGLOVE 


*Digitalis 
lanata 


See page 197. 




Early 
June 


2 










to late 












July 


"Bright 
yellow" 


BUNGE'S 
EREMURUS 


*Eremurus 

Bungei 


See page 197. 




June, 

July 


4. anthers 












13 












"Yellow" 


WOOLLY 


Eriophfllum 


See page 198. 




ii 


6 lighter 


BAHIA 


csespitbsum 













Actinella 












lanata, 












Babia L 








"Yellow" 
4 


COMMON 
GIANT 


*Fe*rula 
communis 


Tiny flowers in flat-topped clusters 
on branching stalks are borne well 


6- 10 ft. 
Sun 


July 




FENNEL 




above the mound of glossy finely-cut 












foliage for which the plant is chiefly 












grown. Plant in bold groups on lawns 












or edge of shrubberies. Prop, by 












fresh seed. Rich deep open soil. Med- 












iterranean Region. 






"Yellow" 


LADY'S 


Galium 


See page 198. 




June 


4 


BEDSTRAW 


verum 






to 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


DYER'S 


*Ge*nista 


See page 198. 




Late 


bet. 5 & 6 


GREEN- 


tinctbria 






June, 




WEED, 








July 




BASE 












BROOM 










"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


Gentiana 


Flowers in flat-topped clusters. 


2-3 ft. 


July. 


5 


GENTIAN 


lutea 


Border or rock-garden. Prop, by 
seed. Leave undisturbed. Light 


Half 
sbadc 


Aug. 








rich soil. Europe; W. Asia. 






"Yellow" 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See color "various," page 365. 




fuly to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Yellow" 


BROAD- 


Grindelia 


See page 198. 




Late 


4 


LEAVED 


squarrosa 






[uneto 




GUM- 








Sept. 




PLANT 











299 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


BIGELOW'S 


*Helenium 


Daisy-like flowers, about 2 in. across 


2-3 ft. 


July, 


5 


SNEEZE- 


Bigelovii 


with brown centres, either solitary or 


Sun 


Aug. 




WEED 




few on slender stems. Good for cut- 












ting. Useful, and easily cultivated in 












border. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Any soil, preferably rich 












and moist. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


BOLAN- 


*Helenium 


See page 198. 




June 


6 


DER'S 


Bolanderi 






to 




SNEEZE- 








Sept. 




WEED 




N 








OR SNEEZE- 












WORT 










"Yellow" 
5 


PURPLE- 
HEADED 


*Helenium 
nudiflbrum 


Fragrant daisy-like flowers, with 
drooping petals, sometimes striped 


. -3* ft. 
Sun 


July to 
Oct. 




SNEEZE- 


Leptopoda 


with brownish purple; centre, brown 








WEED 


bracbypoda 


or purplish. Effective in the border. 












Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Moist rich soil preferable. S. Eastern 












U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


ROCK OR 


*Helianthe- 


See page 199. 




Early 


2 to 5 


SUN ROSE 


mum vulgare 






June, 
July 


"Yellow" 


HAIRY 


**Helianthus 


The most desirable of the perennial 


2-5 ft. 


July. 


5 


SUN- 


m611is 


sunflowers. A vigorous plant with 


Sun 


Aug. 




FLOWER 




large solitary flowers about 3 in. 












across, and rough grayish leaves. 












Effective in the back of border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any 












garden soil. U. S. A. See Plate, 












page 301. 






"Yellow" 


STIFF 


*Helidnthus 


Distinct species. Showy flowers 


i -4 ft. 


M 


5 


SUN- 
FLOWER 


rigidus 
H. Missou- 


with reflexed petal tips borne in pan- 
icles. Valuable in shrubbery or bor- 


Sun 








riensis 


der or for naturalization in the wild 












garden. Prop, by division; divide 












every 2 years. Dry soil, not too 
heavy. Western U. S. A. 






"Orange 


PALE- 


Helianthus 


Rayed flowers about 3 in. across 


3-7 ft. 


Mid. 


yellow" 
6 


LEAVED 
WOOD SUN- 
FLOWER 


strumosus 


are borne on branching stems. Rather 
rough grayish foliage. Shrubbery. 
Var. mollis (H. wacropbyllus), 


Sun 


July 
to late 
Sept. 








leaves downy underneath. Good for 












wild garden. For cultivation, etc., 












see H. rigidus. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


THROAT- 


Helianthus 


Branching plant with rough stalks. 


3-5 ft. 


Mid. 


5 


WORT 

SUN- 


trachelifolius 


Pure green foliage. Not so showy as 
some other kinds. Plant among 


Sun 


July to 
early 




FLOWER 




shrubs. For cultivation., etc., see H. 




Sept. 








rigidus. Central U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 
6 


OX-EYE, 
FALSE SUN- 


*Heli6psis 
lab vis 


Branching plant bearing a profu- 
sion of sunflower-like blossoms about 


3-5 ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 
July 




FLOWER 


H. belian- 


2 in. across. Excellent for cutting. 




to late 






tboldes 


Effective in shrubbery or border. 




Sept. 


. 






Prop, generally by division. Light 












soil, not too moist. Eastern N. Amer. 







300 




301 





302 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


PITCHER'S 


*Heli6psis 


Dwarf bushy var., spreading 3 feet, 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 


centre 7 


OX-EYE OR 
FALSE SUN- 


laevis var. 
Pitcheriana 


distinguished by its deeper coloring 
and free blooming. Cup-shaped flow- 


Sun 


July 
to late 




FLOWER 


H. Pitcheri- 


ers in loose panicles. Good for the 




Sept. 






ana 


border, for dry situations, and for 












cutting. For cultivation, etc., see H. 












laevis. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


LEMON 


**Hemero- 


See page 199. 




June, 


6 deep 


LILY 


callis flava 






early 












July 


"Orange 


MIDDEN- 


**Hemero- 


See page 199. 




Late 


yellow" 


DORF'S 


callis 






June, 


8 


YELLOW 


Middendorfii 






July 




DAY LILY 










"Yellow" 


LESSER 


*Hemero- 


Fragrant lily-like flowers in clus- 


2ft. 


July, 


5 


YELLOW 


callis minor 


ters. Good for cutting. Dark green 


Half 


Aug. 




DAY LILY 


H. graminea, 


grass-like foliage. Attractive on 


shade 








H. gramini- 


banks of streams or in the border. 










folia 


Prop, by division. Any moist rich 












soil. Siberia. 






"Yellow" 


THUN- 


**Hemero- 


See page 199. 




Late 


6 lighter 


BERG'S 


callis 






June, 




YELLOW 


Thunbergii 






July 




DAY LILY 










"Golden 


SHAGGY 


Hieracium 


See page 199. 




June to 


yellow" 


HAWK- 


villbsum 






mid. 


5 


WEED 








Aug. 


"Yellow" 
5 


AARON'S 
BEARD, 


Hype*ricum 
calycinum 


Rapidly spreading sub-shrub, al- 
most evergreen. Large flowers, 3 in. 


i ft. 
Sun or 


July, 

Aug. 




ROSE OF 




across, with conspicuous stamens and 


half 






SHARON 




red anthers. Dark glossy leaves. 


shade 










Used in England for carpeting under 
trees. Border or shrubbery. Protect 












in winter. Prop, by cuttings of root 












or ripe wood. Prefers sandy loam. 












S. Eastern Europe. 






"Yellow" 


GOLD 


**Hype'ricum 


A very attractive sub-shrub bear- 


2ft. 


it 


bet. 5&6 


FLOWER, 


Moserianum 


ing handsome single flowers, 2 in. 


Sun or 






ST. JOHN'S 




across with a circle of conspicuous 


half 






WORT 




orange stamens. Foliage dark and 


shade 










fine. Protect in winter. Pleasing in 












the border, though never producing a 












mass of color as some flowers drop 












while others open. Prop, by seed and 












cuttings. Light warm soil preferable. 












Hort. See Plate, page 302. 






"Yellow" 


SWORD- 


*Inula 


Vigorous plant and continuous 


6-8 in. 


Mid. 


5 


LEAVED 


ensifolia 


bloomer with large aster-like flowers 


Sun 


July to 




ELECAM- 




and rather coarse foliage. Useful for 




Sept. 




PANE 




rock-garden or border. Prop, by seed 












and division. Any good soil. Europe; 












Asia. 







303 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 
yellow" 
7 


GLANDU- 
LAR FLEA 
BANE OR 


*Inula 

glandulosa 


A plant of coarse habit. Large 
aster-like flowers with fringed half- 
drooping petals. Leaves scattered 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


July, 

early 
Aug. 




INULA 




along the stalks and in clumps at their 












base. Good border plant. Prop, by 












seed and division. Any soil. Cau- 












casus. 






"Yellow" 


ELECAM- 


*Inula 


Vigorous somewhat coarse plant. 


3-4 ft. 


Mid. 


6 


PANE 


Helenium 


Flowers with fringe-like petals. Large 
rough leaves downy beneath. Nat- 


Sun 


J^y 

to late 








uralize in wild places. Prop, by seed 
and division. Easily cultivated in 




Aug. 








ordinary soil. Europe; Siberia. 






"Yellow" 
effect 11 


TUCK'S 
FLAME 


*Kniph6fia 
Ttickii 


See page 200. 




June to 
Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


EDEL- 


*Leontop6- 


See page 200. 




June, 


4 


WEISS 


dium alpinum 






July 






Gnapbaliunt 












L. 








"Yellow" 


GRAY- 


*Le*pachys 


See page 200. 




June 


5 


HEADED 


pinna ta 






:omid. 




CONE- 


Rattbida p., 






Sept. 




FLOWER 


Rudbeckia p. 








"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Lilium 


See page 200. 




fune, 


7 dull 


CANADA 


Canade'nse 






[uly 




LILY 


var. flavum 








"Yellow" 


THUNBER- 


**Lflium 


Excellent var. with flowers almost 


1-2 ft. 


July 


5 


GIAN LILY 
ALICE 


elegans var. 
"Alice 


lemon-colored terminating leafy stems. 
Easy to grow. Mass in border or 


Sun or 
shade 






WILSON 


Wilson" 


along margin of shrubbery. Bulbous. 
Prop, by offsets or scales. Rather 












peaty soil. Avoid direct contact with 












manure. Japan. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


**Lffium 


Dwarf var. with spotted flowers 


8- 10 in. 


n 


6 


THUNBER- 
GIAN LILY 


e*legans var. 
alutaceum 


terminating erect leafy stalks. Charm- 
ing massed in margin of border. Bul- 


Sun or 
half 








L. e. var. 


bous. Prop, by offsets or scales. 


shade 








Armeniacum, 


Peaty soil well enriched. Avoid di- 










var. citrtnum 


rect contact with manure. Japan. 






"Yellow" 


CAUCASIAN 


*Lflium 


See page 200. 




fune, 


3 


LILY 


monadel- 






[uly 






phum 












L. Cdlchicum, 












L. S^ovitiia- 












num 








"Yellow" 


PARRY'S 


**Lflium 


See page 200. 







5 


LILY 


Parryi 








"Golden 


HUM- 


*Lflium 


See page 200. 




M 


yellow" 


BOLDT'S 


pube*rulum 








6 more 


LILY 


L. Bloomeria- 








orange 




num, L. Cali- 












fdrnicum, L. 












Humboldtii 






_ 



304 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Buff" 


NANKEEN 


**Lilium 


See page 203. 




Mid. 


1 


LILY 


testaceum 






June 






L. excelsum, 






to mid. 






L. Isabelli- 






July 






num 








"Yellow" 


DALMA- 


*Linaria 


See page 203. 




Early 


3 


TIAN TOAD- 


Dalmatica 






June to 




FLAX 








early 












July, 












late 

Tiilv 












J ul y 

to late 












Aug. 


"Yellow" 


MACEDO- 


Linaria 


See page 203. 




June, 


3& 7 


NIAN TOAD- 


Maced6nica 






July 




FLAX 










"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Linum 


See page 203. 







5 


FLAX 


flavum. 








"Yellow" 


BIRD'S- 


L6tus 


See page 203. 




June 


3 


FOOT 


corniculatus 






to Oct. 




TREFOIL, 












BABIES' 












SLIPPERS 










"Yellow" 
5 


MONEY- 
WORT, 
CREEPING 


*Lysimachia 
nummularia 


See page 203. 




Early 
June 
to late 




JENNY 








July 


"Yellow" 
5 


SPOTTED 
LOOSE- 


*Lysimachia 
punctata 


See page 203. 




June, 
July 




STRIFE 


L. verticulata 








"Yellow" 


BULB- 


Lysimachia 


See page 203. 




u 


bet. 5&6 


BEARING 


stricta 










LOOSE- 


L. terrestris 










STRIFE 










"Yellow" 


COMMON 


*Lysimachia 


See page 204. 




M 


4 


YELLOW 


vulgaris 










LOOSE- 












STRIFE 










"Yellow" 


WELSH 


Meconopsis 


See page 204. 




M 


5 


POPPY 


Cambrica 








"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


*(Enothera 


See page 204. 




June 


3 


FLOWERED 


bie"nnis var. 






to 




BIENNIAL 


grandifldra 






Sept. 




EVENING 


CE. Lamarck- 










PRIMROSE 


iana 








"Yellow" 


SUNDROPS 


**<Enothera 


See page 204. 




June, 


5 




fructicbsa 






July 


"Yellow" 


ERASER'S 


**(Enothera 


See page 204. 




June 


5 


EVENING 


glaiica 






to 




PRIMROSE 


var. Fraseri 






Sept. 






CE. Fraseri 








"Lemon 


LINEAR- 


(Enothera 


See page 204. 




June 


yellow" 


LEAVED 


linearis 






to 


3 


EVENING 


CE. frudicosa 






early 




PRIMROSE 


var. I., 






Aug. 






CE. riparia 









305 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


MISSOURI 


**(Enothera 


See page 204. 




June 


3 


PRIMROSE 


Missourie'nsis 






to 






CE. macrocdr- 






early 






pa, Megapte- 
rium M. 






Aug. 


"Yellow" 
5 


TAURIAN 
GOLDEN 


Onosma 
stellulatum 


Hairy evergreen growing in thick 
tufts. Drooping roundish tubular 


6-12 in. 
Sun 


July, 

Aug. 




DROP 


var. 


flowers in clusters, almond scented. 










Tauricum 


Rock-garden. Prop, by cuttings. 










O. Tauricum 


Thrives in light well-drained soil of 












good depth. Greece. 






"Pale 


MANY- 


Optintia 


Perfectly hardy and very effective. 


i ft. 


M 


yellow" 
6 


SPINED 
OPUNTIA 


Missourie'nsis 
O. ferox, 


Low spreading Cactus with grayish 
and "reddish brown spines" and obo- 


Sun 








0. splendens 


vate joints. Flowers 2-3 in. across. 












Good for rock-garden, ledges, etc. 












Prop, by cuttings more easily than by 
seed. Any soil, well-drained. Prai- 












ries, W. Central U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 
6 


WESTERN 
PRICKLY 
PEAR 


Optintia 
Rafine*squii 
O. mesacdntba 


The handsomest species. Spread- 
ing Cactus of prostrate habit with 
small spines in tufts. Showy red- 


i ft. 
Sun 


M 








centred flowers. Fragile but useful 












for sheltered situation in the rock- 












garden. "Protect from slugs by 












dressing of soot." Prop, by joints 












rooted in sand under glass. Will 












grow in rocky places where soil is too 












thin for other plants. Dry well- 












drained soil. Central U. S. A.; Tex. 






"Dull 


BARBERRY 


Optintia 


See page 207. 




June 


yellow" 
3 duller 


FIG, 
COMMON 


vulgaris 
0. Opuntia 






to 
Sept. 




PRICKLY 












PEAR 










'Pale 


CROWDED 


*Pentstemon 


See page 207. 




June, 


yellow" 


PENTSTE- 


confe*rtus 






early 

T . J 


2 


MON, OR 








July 




BEARD- 












TONGUE 










"Yellow" 


JERUSA- 


Phl&mis 


See page 207. 




June, 


6 to 13 


LEM SAGE 


fruticosa 






July 


"Yellow" 


SILVERY 


Potentflla 


See page 105. 




Early 


3 


CINQUE- 


arge*ntea 






May to 




FOIL 








early 












July 


"Yellow" 


SILVERY- 


Potentilla 


See page 207. 




June, 

]. 


1 


LEAVED 


argyroph^lla 






uly 




CINQUE- 


P. insignis 










FOIL OR 












FIVE- 












FINGER 










"Lemon 


CALABRIAN 


Potentflla 


See page 105. 




Late 


yellow" 


CINQUE- 


Calabra 






May to 


3 


FOIL 








early 












July 



306 






I^BHHMH 

CREEPING DOUBLE-FLOWERED BUTTERCUP. Ranunculus repens var. florc-pleno. -IQ^ 





308 



SHOWY CONE-FLOWER. Rudbeckia speciosa. 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


SHRUBBY 


Potentilla 


See "page 207. 




June 


3 


CINQUE- 


fruticosa 






to 




FOIL OR 








Sept. 




FIVE- 












FINGER 










"Golden 


HYBRID 


*Potentilla 


See page 208. 




M 


yellow" 


CINQUE- 


"Gloire de 








effect 7 


FOIL OR 


Nancy" 










FIVE- 












FINGER 










"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


Potentilla 


See page 208. 




June, 


3 


FLOWERED 


grandifldra 






July 




CINQUE- 












FOIL OR 












FIVE- 












FINGER 










"Golden 


PYRENEAN 


Potentilla 


See page 105. 




May to 


yellow" 


CINQUE- 


Pyrenaica 






Aug. 


5 


FOIL 










"Golden 


BACHE- 


Ranunculus 


See page 105. 




Mid. 


yellow" 


LOR'S 


acris var. 






May to 


5 


BUTTONS 


fldre-plfeno 






Sept. 


"Yellow" 


MOUNTAIN 


Ranunculus 


See page 106. 




May to 


5 


BUTTER- 


montanus 






early 




CUP 








July 


"Yellow" 


CREEPING 


RanfLiculus 


See page 106 and Plate, page 307. 




May to 


5 


DOUBLE- 


re"pens var. 






Aug. 




FLOWERED 


fl6re-pleno 










BUTTERCUP 










"Yellow" 


TALL OR 


*Rudbe*ckia 


Large daisy-like flowers with few 


2-7 ft. 


Mid. 


5 


GREEN- 


laciniata 


much recurved petals, and greenish 


Sun or 


July 




HEADED 




centres, on branching stems. Good 


half 


to late 




CONE- 




in wild garden or border. Prop, by 


shade 


Aug. 




FLOWER 




seed and division. Any garden soil; 












requires plenty of moisture. Canada 












S. to Fla., W. to Rocky Mts. 






"Yellow" 

bet. 5&6 


GOLDEN 
GLOW 


**Rudbe*ckia 
aciniata var. 
fl&re-pleno 


Very showy free-flowering plant with 
large double flowers. May be cut 
after flowering for a second bloom. 


2-1 Oft. 

Sun 


Late 

July 
to late 








Popular for massing as it makes a 




Sept. 








very brilliant effect. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Any garden soil; requires 












plenty of moisture. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


SHOWY 


*Rudbe*ckia 


Compact in growth. Masses of 


i -3 ft. 


July, 


6, brown 


CONE- 


specibsa 


yellow-rayed flowers, 3-4 in. across, 


Sun or 


early 


centre 


FLOWER 


R. dspera 


with velvety maroon centres. Ex- 
cellent border plant. Prop, by divi- 


half 
shade 


Aug. 








sion. Thrives in ordinary garden soil. 












U. S. A. See Plate, page 308. 






"Deep 


THIN- 


**Rudbe*ckia 


One of the best Rudbeckias. Dense 


2-5 ft. 


July, 


yellow" 


LEAVED 


riloba 


bushy plant. Numerous rayed flow- 


Sun or 


Aug. 


6 


CONE- 




ers form a brilliant mass of color. 


shade 






FLOWER 




Clean foliage. Associate with Lark- 












spurs in shrubbery or border. Flow- 












ers the first year from seed. Biennial, 












perpetuated by self-sown seed. Any 
soil. Eastern U. S. A. 







309 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 

c . and . 
situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
4 green 


RUE, HERB 
OF GRACE 


Ruta 
graveolens 


Common Rue. Not a very pretty 
plant with panicles of small fragrant 


Sun 


July 








flowers, and much divided leaves. 












Plant in sheltered position and pro- 












tect in winter. Prop, by seed and 












division. Asia; S. Europe. 






"Pale 


JUPITER'S 


*Slvia 


Flowers in whorls on erect stems. 


3ft. 


Mid. 


yellow" 


DISTAFF 


glutindsa 


Foliage poor in color. Lower leaves 


Sun 


July to 


2 






very large, upper ones smaller. Bor- 




early 








der. Prop, by seed in early summer 




Aug. 








or spring. Rich soil. Europe; Asia. 






"Yellow" 


WEBB'S 


Scabibsa 


See page 208. 




June 


3 pale 


SCABIOUS 


ochroleuca 






to 




OR PIN- 


S. Webbiana 






early 




CUSHION 








Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


AIZOON 


*Sedum 


See page 208. 




Mid. 


5 


STONECROP 


Aiz6on 






June to 












mid. 












Aug. 


"Golden 


ORANGE 


*Sedum 


Starry flowers in flat clusters. 


4-9 in. 


July. 


yellow" 


STONECROP 


Kamtschlti- 


Bright pulpy evergreen foliage. Good 


Sun or 


Aug. 


4 




cum 


for compact carpeting. Prop, pre- 
ferably by division. Sandy soil best. 
E. Asia. 


half 
shade 




"Yellow" 


MIDDEN- 


*Sedum 


See page 209. 




June, 


3 dull 


DORF'S 


Middendorfi- 






July 




STONECROP 


anum 








"Yellow" 


STONE- 


*Sedum 


Trailing evergreen. Flowers marked 


*8-ioin. 


Early 


2 
greenish 


HORE, 
STONE 


reflgxum 


with pale chocolate grow on stems 
becoming erect at time of bloom. 


Sun 


July to 
early 




ORPINE, 
TRIP- 
MADAM 




Pulpy closely tufted leaves. Excellent 
for carpeting. Prop, preferably by 
division. Dry soil. Europe. 




Aug. 


"Yellow" 


CRESTED 


Sedum 


Dwarf var. of trailing habit, with 


3 in. 


H 




STONE- 


refle'xum 


stems grouped in fan-shaped or 


Sun 






HORE, 


var. cristatum 


crested manner. For cultivation, etc., 








STONE 


5. monstro- 


see S. reflexum. 








ORPINE OR 


sum, 










TRIP- 


S. robustum 










MADAM 










"Yellow" 


SIX-ANGLED 


Sedum 


See page 209. 




Early 


4 


STONECROP 


sexangulare 






June, 
July 


"Yellow" 


HENS-AND- 


*Semper- 


Small starry flowers in meagre 


6-9 in. 


July. 


2 


CHICKENS, 
HOUSELEEK 


vivum 
globiferum 


clusters. Pulpy foliage, bright green 
tinged with red, in small cactus-like 


Sun 


Aug. 






S. soboliferum 


rosettes. Plant in clumps in rock- 












garden or on stone-wall. Prop, by 












division or offsets. Any sandy soil. 












European Alps. 






"Pale 


HAIRY 


*Semper- 


Small star-like flowers in panicles. 


6-Q in. 


M 


yellow" 


HOUSELEEK 


vlvum 


Rosettes of fringed pulpy leaves. 


Sun 




2 bright 




hirtum 


Pretty foliage plant for rock-garden. 












Prop, by seed or offsets. Sandy soil. 












Middle Europe. 







310 




312 



FEN RUE. Thalictrum flavun 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


DORIAN 


Senecio 


Showy erect plant. Rayed flowers 


3-4 ft. 


July. 


5 


GROUND- 


Ddria 


in loose clusters. Root-leaves gray- 


Sun 


Aug. 




SEL OR 




ish green. Border or wild garden. 








RAGWEED 




Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Any good loam. S. Europe. 






"Yellow" 
5 


ROUGH 
ROSINWEED 


Silphium 
aspe*rrimum 


Large sunflower-like blossoms on 
rough stalks. Coarse foliage thickly 


2-5 ft. 
Sun 


July to 
early 








produced at the top of the plant. 




Sept. 








Good for naturalization. Prop, by 












seed and division. Any soil. N. 












Amer. 






"Yellow" 


COMPASS 


**Silphium 


Foliage extremely decorative on a 


6ft. 


Mid. 


5 


PLANT, 


laciniatum 


large scale. Vigorous growth. Sun- 


Sun 


July to 




PILOT 




flower-like blossoms, facing the east 




mid. 




WEED 




droop above a luxuriant mass of 




Sept. 








prickly leaves, cool grayish green and 












oak-like. Plant in clumps of two or 












three in roomy wild garden or shrub- 












bery. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any garden soil. Prairies, U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


CUP PLANT, 


*Silphium 


Sunflower-like flowers. Coarse foli- 


4-8 ft. 


M 


6 lighter 


INDIAN CUP 


perfoliatum 


age. Good in wild garden and amidst 


Sun 










shrubbery. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Easily cultivated in any garden 












soil. Prairies, U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


WHORLED 


Silphium 


Sunflower-like blossoms in round 


4-7 ft- 


Mid. 


6 lighter 


ROSINWEED 


trifoliatum 


clusters surmount yery leafy stems. 


Sun 


July to 








Large leaves,, generally slightly shag- 




mid. 








gy. Mass in wild garden. Prop, by 




Sept. 








seed and division. Any rich soil. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


GOLDEN- 


*Splidago 


Strikingly effective. Erect leafy 


2-5 ft. 


Late 


5 to 6 


ROD 




stems bear minute flowers in plumy 


Sun 


July to 








panicles. Effective planted with 




early 








Asters in shrubbery. Will bloom after 




Oct. 








frost. May spread too much. Prop. 












by division. Grows in any soil, but 












improves under good treatment. 












Among the best vars. offered for sale 












are: Canadensis, charming foliage. 












Canadensis var. glabrata; (color no. 












5). **Drummondii; (color no. 5). 












Latifolia; (bet. 5 & 6). Nemoralis. 












Patula; (color no. 4 deeper). *Petio- 












laris; (color no. 5). **Rigida; (color 












no. bet. 5 & 6). Coarse foliage. 












Semperuirens. Sbortii; 5 ft. high. 












Speciosa; (color no. bet. 5 & 6). 












Ulmifolius. See Plate, page 311. 






"Yellow" 


FALSE 


Thalictrum 


Pyramidal clusters of pale greenish 


2-4 ft. 


July. 


2 


RHUBARB, 
FEN RUE 


flavum 


yellow flowers. Pretty fern-like foli- 
age. Rock-garden. Prop, in spring 


Half 
shade 


Aug. 








by seed and x division. Well-drained 












loam. Europe; Asia. See Plate, 












page 312. 







313 



YELLOW 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green- 


GLAUCOUS 


Thalictrum 


See page 209. 




Late 


ish 


MEADOW 


glaucum 






June 


yellow" 


RUE 








to late 


2 










July 


"Green- 


DWARF 


*Thalictrum 


See page 209. 




Late 


ish 


MEADOW 


minus 






June 


yellow" 


RUE 


T. purpu- 






to mid. 


3 




reum, 






July , 






T. saxdtile 








"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


Thspium 


See page 209. 




June, 


4 lighter 


ALEXAN- 


aureum 






July 




DERS 


T. trifoliatum 












var. a. 








"Yellow" 


CAROLINA 


*Therm6psis 


See page 209. 




Early 


5 


THERMOP- 


Caroliniana 






June 




SIS 








to mid. 












July 


"Yellow" 


ALLE- 


*Thenn6psis 


See page 106. 




Mid. 


4 


GHANY 


mollis 






May to 




THERMOP- 








Aug. 




SIS 










"Yellow" 


CROCUS- 


**Trit&nia 


Lovely slender branching plants 


2-3 ft. 


July to 




FLOWERED 


crocosmae- 


with long spike-like racemes of flow- 


Sun 


Oct. 




BLAZING 


flora vars. 


ers 2 in. across. Tall stiff narrow foli- 








STAR 


Montbretia 


age springs from near the bulb. Pro- 










crocosma- 


tection of mulch or indoor wintering 










fiora 


is necessary. Very gay and attractive 












for the border. Bulbous. Plant in 












Apr. or May and prop, by scales and 












offsets. Rich well-drained soil. Vars.: 












*Rayon d'or; (color no. bet. 6 & 7 












brilliant), large ochre yellow flowers 












with brown blotches at the base of the 












tube. *Gerbe d'or; (color no. 7 more 












orange), brilliant golden yellow. *So- 












leil coucbant; (color no. 7 tinged with 












1 8), a profusion of small rich golden 












yellow flowers. Hort. There are 








. 




orange and red vars. 






"Yellow" 


NETTLE- 


*Verbscum 


See page 210. 




Late 


2 


LEAVED 


Chaixii 






|une 




MULLEIN 


y. orientale, 






to late 






y. vernale 






July 


"Yellow" 


DARK 


*Verbscum 


See page 210. 




Early 


2 


MULLEIN 


nigrum 






fune 












to late 












[uly 


"Deep 


OLYMPIAN 


**Verba"scum 


Most conspicuous of the Mulleins. 


6-10 ft. 


uly 


yellow" 
3 


MULLEIN 


Olympicum 


Large flowers in dense evenly branch- 
ing spikes. The foliage bold in char- 


Sun 










acter is covered with white down. 












Requires about 3 years to bring into 












bloom. Prop, by seed. Any garden 












soil. Greece. See Plate, page 315. 







314 



\ 




OLYMPIAN MULLEIN, Verbascum Olympicum. 




3 T 5 




3 i6 



BUTTERFLY WEED. Asclefias tuberosa. 



YELLOW, ORANGE 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


**Viola 


See page 35. 




Late 


6 


HORNED 


corniita var. 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


lutea major 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"Or- 


GOLDEN 


*Alstrcemeria 


Beautiful large lily-like flowers, 


2-4 ft. 


July. 


ange" 


PERUVIAN 


aurantiaca 


marked with brown and green, 10 to 


Half 


Aug. 


9 


LILY 


A. aurea 


15 in an umbel. Foliage gray-green. 


shade 










Somewhat difficult to grow. Do not 












disturb when established and protect 












in winter. Tuberous plant, yet may 












be propagated by seed. Well-drained 
soil mixed with decayed vegetable 












matter. Chili. 






"Red 


BUTTERFLY 


**Asclepias 


Most striking and flamboyant in 


2-3 ft. 


Early 


orange" 


WEED, 


tuberdsa 


color and one of the hardiest of plants. 


Sun 


July 


shading 


PLEURISY 




Flowers in large flat clusters. When 




to 


10 to 12 


ROOT 




naturalized it makes a brilliant effect. 




early 








Excellent for the border and among 




Aug. 








shrubs. Prop, by division, rarely by 












seed. Any soil. N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 316. 






"Or- 


BLACK- 


*Belemcanda 


Similar to the Iris. Crimson-spot- 


2-4 ft. 


July, 


ange" 


BERRY OR 


Chine'nsis 


ted flowers an inch long, passing 


Sun 


Aug. 


13 


LEOPARD 


B. punctata, 


quickly. Lance-shaped leaves in 








LILY 


Parddntbus 


tufts. Seeds resembling Blackberries. 










Sinensis, 


Prop, by seed and division. Rich and 










P. Cbinensis, 


sandy soil. China; Japan. 










Ixia punctata 








"Or- 


DOUBLE 


*Erigeron 


A showy species with solitary daisy- 


9 in. 





ange" 


ORANGE 


aurantiacus 


like flowers. Pretty, massed in wild 


Half 




near 7 


DAISY 




garden or border. Prop, by seed and 


shade 










division. Any garden soil. Turkestan. 






"Flame 
color" 


FISCHER'S 
HORNED 


*Glaucum 
Fischer! 


Poppy-like flowers bloom briefly in 
rapid succession. Snow-white woolly 


9-12 in. 
Sun 


July 


12 


POPPY 




foliage. Excellent as an edging. 












Prop, by division. Best to treat as 












a biennial. Any garden soil. Hort. 






"Cop- 


HYSSOP- 


*Heliantbe- 


See page 210. 




Early 


per" 


LEAVED 


mum vulgare 






June, 


near 7 


ROCK ROSE 


var. 






July 






hyssopifdlium 








"Or- 


ORANGE 


*Hemero- 


Showy profusion of trumpet-shaped 


2*- 3 ft. 


July, 


ange" 


DAY LILY 


callis 


flowers are borne in clusters on long 


Half 


early 


10 deeper 




aurantiaca 


stems. Grass-like foliage. Striking 


shade 


Aug. 








in border or rock-garden. Prop, by 












seed and division. Any moist rich 












soil. Japan. 












**Var. major; larger than the type 
in every way and very fine with wide- 












open flowers of a deeper color and 












glaucous foliage. Japan. 






"Or- 


DUMOR- 


**Hemero- 


See page 210. 




June, 


ange" 11 


TIER'S 


callis 






July 


brilliant 


DAY LILY 


Dumortierii 












H. rutilans, 












H. Sieboldii 









317 



ORANGE 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Tawny 
orange" 


BROWN 
DAY LILY, 


*Hemero- 
callis ftUva 


A larger plant than H. flava. Flow- 
ers lily-shaped, in clusters of 6 to 12; 


2-3 ft. 

Sun or 


July, 
early 


14 
brighter 


MAHOGANY 
LILY 


H. disticba 


good for cutting. Foliage grass-like. 
Attractive in masses especially in 


half 
shade 


Aug. 








semi-wild spots and on the edge of 












water. Easily cultivated. Prop, by 












division. Any moist rich soil. Europe; 










* 


Asia. See Plate, page 319. 












*Var. Kwamso, Double Orange 












Lily; (color no. 9), double flowered 












and sometimes with variegated foli- 












age. Handsome "for edgings and rock- 












garden." *Var. flore-pleno; a fine var. 












with a red spot on each petal. Var. 












variegata; leaves striped with white. 












Hort. vars. 






"Or- 


ORANGE 


Hieracium 


See page 211. 




June to 


ange" 


HAWK- 


aurantiacum 


It 




Oct. 


12 


WEED 










"Or- 


OREGON 


*Lilium 


See page 211. 




June, 


ange" 


LILY 


Columbianum 






early 


effect 7 




L. parviflb- 






July 






runt, L. Sayi 








"Apri- 


SHINING 


**Lilium 


One of the best and strongest vars. 


1-3 * ft. 


Mid. 


cot" 


THUNBER- 


e*legans var. 


Very easy to grow. Flowers smaller 


Sun or 


July to 


10 pinker 


GIAN LILY 


fulgens 
L. Bdteman- 
nia>, 


than the type, unspotted and of a 
particularly charming color, generally 
3 on the stalk. Remarkably effective 


shade 


early 
Aug. 






L. fulgens, 


massed in border or on margin of 










L. sangui- 


shrubbery. Rich light peaty soil. 










neum . 


Avoid direct contact with manure. 












Japan. 






"Warm 


WALLACE'S 


**L ilium 


Rather pale flowers, spotted with 


l-2*ft. 


July 


apricot" 


THUNBER- 


e*legans var. 


black, generally two on the stalk. 


Sun or 




11 


GIAN LILY 


Wallace! 


Excellent in masses on the edge of 


half 








L. Wallacei 


shrubbery, or in the border or shady 


shade 










part of rock-garden. Light rich soil. 












Avoid direct contact with manure. 












Japan. 






"Or- 


ASA GRAY'S 


*Lflium 


See page 211. 




June, 


ange" 26 


LILY 


Grayi 






July 


orange 












"Reddish 


SPOTTED OR 


**Lflium 


See page 211. 




H 


orange" 


HANSON'S 


maculatum 








26 


LILY 


L. Hdnsoni 








orange 












"Reddish 


WILD 


*Lflium 


The most characteristic and widely 


1-3 ft. 


J^y. 


orange" ORANGE- 


Philadel- 


distributed of our native Lilies. 


Sun or 


Aug. 


12 redder RED OR 


phicum 


Charming delicate flowers of a beauti- 


half 






PHILADEL- 




ful color spotted with black, on grace- 


shade 






PHIA LILY 




ful leafy stalks. Good for margin of 












Rhododendron bed or in border. 












Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, scales, or 












very slowly by seed. Light rich soil. 












Avoid direct contact with manure. 












N. Amer. 







3,8 




320 



TIGER LILY. Lilium tigrinum. 




ORANGE, RED 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Reddish 


AMERICAN 


**Lilium 


Native in meadows and marshes. 


3-6 ft. 


Early 


orange" TURK'S 


supe"rbum 


Delicate drooping flowers, having 


Sun or 


July to 


bet. 


CAP LILY 




pointed reflexed petals, spotted with- 


half 


early 


19 & 20 






in, in a pyramidal panicle of about 


shade 


Aug. 








20. Charming, scattered in margin 












of Rhododendron beds or massed 












in border. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 












sets, scales, or very slowly by seed. 












Any well-drained soil. Avoid direct 












contact with manure. Eastern N. 












Amer. 






"Or- 


TIGER LILY 


**Lflium 


A showy and vigorous plant. 


2-5 ft. 


Mid. 


ange" 
12 




tigrinum 


Racemes of drooping flowers with re- 
flexed purple-spotted petals. Dark 


Sun or 
half 


July 

to 








glossy foliage. Old-fashioned and 


shade 


Sept. 








useful giving a stately effect in the 












border. Naturalize near shrubbery or 












along a stone wall. Bulbous. Prop. 












by offsets, scales, or bulbs. Any well- 












drained soil. Avoid direct contact 












with manure. China. See Plate, 












page 320. 
Var. *splendens; (color no. 16 












deeper), one of the best Lilies bearing 












elongated racemes of about 25 flow- 












ers. Very effective clumped in border. 












Var. ftore-pleno; double flowered and 












more thickly spotted. China; Japan. 






"Red 


ATLANTIC 


*Papaver 


See page 1 14. 




Late 


orange" 


POPPY 


rupifragum 






May to 


11 




var. 






Aug. 






Atl&nticum 












P. A. 








"Or- 


RUSSELL'S 


Potentate 


Large single flowers. Pretty com- 


2ft. 


July, 


ange" 


CINQUE- 


R.usselliana 


pound leaves. Protect in winter. 


Sun 


Aug. 


11 


FOIL OR 




Not strictly hardy. Border. Prop. 








FIVE- 




by division in spring. "Heavy soil." 








FINGER 




Hort. 






"Or- 
ange" 


POTTS' 
BLAZING 


**Trit6nia 
Ptfttsii 


Vigorous and showy species. Star- 
like yellow flowers, flushed with brick 


2-3. ft. 
Sun 


uly to 
Oct. 


6 to 18 


STAR 


Monibretia 


red, in waving racemes. Stiff linear 










Pdttsii 


leaves. Protect with mulch or house 












in winter. Excellent for the border. 












Bulbous. Plant in Apr. or May and 












prop, by scales or offsets. Rich well- 












drained soil. S. Africa. 






"Red" 


RED 


*Achillea 


Numerous tiny flowers in broad 


i -3 ^. 


Mid. 


27 


YARROW 
OR MILFOIL 


Millefdlium 
var. rubrum 


flat clusters. Foliage finely divided. 
Effective on edge of shrubbery or in 


Sun 


uly to 
nid. 








border. Prop, by division and cut- 




Sept. 








tings. Any soil. S. Europe; Asia; 












N. Amer. 






"Violet 


PURPLE 


*Callirhoe 


See page 212. 




une 


crimson" POPPY 


mvolucrata 






o 


27 bright 


MALLOW 








Sept. 



321 



RED 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Red" 


FRENCH OR 


**Canna vars. 


See color "various," page 357. 




July 




CROZY 








to late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


"Red" 


ITALIAN 


**Canna vars. 


See color "various," page 358. 




H 




CANNA 










"Ma- 


DARK 


Centaurea 


See page 212. 




June 


roon" 


PURPLE 


atropurpurea 






to 


near 33 


KNAPWEED 


C. calocepbala 






Sept. 


"Crim- 


RED 


*Centranthus 


See page 212. 




June, 


son" 


VALERIAN, 


ruber 






July 


near 26 


JUPITER'S 












BEARD 










"Red" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See color "various," page 359. 




Late 






vars. 






July 
to late 












Oct. 


"Orange 
scarlet" 


SOUTHERN 
SCARLET 


*Delphmium 

cardinale 


Flowers in showy spike-like ra- 
cemes. Resembles r. nudicaule, but 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


July, 
Aug. 


18 more 


LARKSPUR 




the flowers are finer and clusters 






orange 






larger. Leaves deeply divided. Hand- 












some among shrubs or in the border. 












Protect in winter. Prop, by seed, 












division or cuttings. Deep friable 












sandy soil, well enriched. Cal. 






"Red" 


CARTHU- 


Dianthus 


See page 212. 




Early 


31 or 20 


SIAN PINK 


Carthusia- 






June to 


& 27 




ndrum 






early 


brilliant 




D. atrorubens 






July 


"Deep 


DARK RED 


**Dianthus 


See page 213. 




June, 


red" 


PINK 


crue*ntus 






July 


28 bright 












to 26 












"Crim- 


SEROTIN'S 


*Echinacea 


A fine form though of somewhat 


2-3 * ft. 


July, 


son" 


PURPLE 


purpurea 


coarse habit. Large daisy-like flow- 


Sun 


Aug. 


33 


CONE- 


var. serdtina 


ers, 3-6 in. across, in varying shades of 








FLOWER 


E. intermedia 


rose and purple with prominent cen- 
tres. Border. Prop, by division. 












Any soil, preferably rich and sandy. 












N. Amer. 






"Red" 41 


BLOOD-RED 


**Geranium 


See page 115. 




Late 


slightly 


CRANES- 


sanguineum 






May to 


deeper 


BILL 








mid. 












July 


"Dark 


DOUBLE 


*Geum 


See page 213. 




June, 


red" 


DEEP 


atrosangui- 






July 


28 


CRIMSON 


neum var. 










AVENS 


fi6re-pleno 








"Orange 


CHILOE 


*Geum 


See page 213. 




Late 


scarlet" 


AVENS 


Chiloe"nse 






June to 


26 orange 




G. coccineum, 






early 






(Hort.) 






Aug. 


"Red" 


SWORD 


**Gladlolus 


See color "various," page 365. 




July to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Deep 


FRENCH 


Hed^sarum 


See page 213. 




June, 


red" 


HONEY- 


coronarium 






early 


33 


SUCKLE 








July 



522 



RED 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Red" 


CORAL OR 


**Heuchera 


See page 213. 




June 


26 


CRIMSON 


sanguinea 






to late 


brilliant 


BELLS 








Sept. 


"Bright 
red" 


BULB- 
BEARING 


*Lilium 
bulbiferum 


A desirable plant. Clusters of brown- 
spotted flowers sometimes shading 


2-4 ft. 
Half 


July, 
Aug. 


18 


LILY 




to orange. The scattered leaves 


shade 










bear small bulbs. Pretty in border. 












Bulbous. Prop, by offsets or scales, 












very slowly by seed. Light rich soil. 












Avoid direct contact with manure. 












Europe. 






"Orange 


RED 


*Lflium 


See page 214. 




Early 


red" 13 


CANADA 


Canade"nse 






June 


deep & 


LILY 


var. rubrum 






to 


redder 










Aug. 


"Orange 


SOUTHERN 


*Lilium 


Not easily cultivated in the North. 


I -2 ft. 


July 


red" 


RED LILY 


Catesbaei 


Bright flowers spotted with dark pur- 


Sun or 




16 






ple. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, 


half 










scales, or very slowly by seed. Light 


shade 










well-drained soil, sandy and gravelly. 












Avoid contact with manure. S. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






"Scarlet" 


SCARLET 


*Lilium 


Gay nodding turban-shaped flow- 


3-4 ft. 





18 deeper 


MARTAGON 


Chalced6ni- 


ers, about 3 in. across, in small clus- 


Sun or 






OR RED 


cum 


ters, surmount leafy stalks. Good 


half 






LILY 




massed in border. Bulbous. Prop. 


shade 










by offsets, scales or very slowly by 












seed. Light well-drained soil. Avoid 












contact with manure. Greece. 






"Scarlet" 


JAPANESE 


*Lilium 


See page 214. 




June, 


17 deeper 


RED STAR 


concolor 






July 




LILY 










"Orange 


THUNBER- 


**Lilium 


See page 214. 







red" 


GIAN LILY 


e*legans 








12 redder 




L. Dahuri- 








& deeper 




cum, L. Tbun- 












bergianum, L. 












umbellatum 








"Bright 
red" 17, 


PANTHER 
LILY 


**Lilium 
pardalinum 


A fine species. Drooping orange- 
centred flowers with purple-spotted 


2-3 ft. 

Half 


July 


centre 5 




L. Calif dmi- 


reflexed petals. Foliage in whorls. 


shade 








cum 


Good for margin of shrubbery, etc. 












Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, scales, or 












very slowly by seed. Light well- 
drained soil. Avoid contact with ma- 












nure. Cal. 






"Scarlet" 


SIBERIAN 


**Lflium 


See page 214. 




Late 


17 


CORAL LILY 


tenuifolium 






June, 


brilliant 










July 


"Scarlet" 


SHINING 


*Lobelia 


Strikingly brilliant flowers, large, 


2-3 ft. 


July. 


33 


CARDINAL 


fulgens 


deeper color and more showy than the 


Sun 


Aug. 


warmer 


FLOWER 


L. cardinalis 


Cardinal Flower. Long narrow bronze- 










(Hort.) 


tinted leaves on the flower stalks. 










L. formosa 


Effective in clumps against green. 












Protect in winter; not strictly hardy. 












Prop, by seed or cuttings. Mexico. 







323 



RED 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Scarlet" 


MALTESE 


**Lfchnis 


See page 214. 




Early 


bet. 


CROSS, 


Chalced6nica 






June 


12 & 18 


JERUSALEM 








to mid. 




SAGE, 








July 




SCARLET 












LIGHTNING 










"Deep 


DEEP 


"Lychnis 


See page 217. 




June, 


crimson" 


CRIMSON 


Coronaria 






July 


33 


MULLEIN 


var. 








brighter 


PINK OR 


atrosanguinea 










DUSTY 












MILLER 










"Red" 


SHAGGY 


*Lchnis 


See page 217. 




Early 


11, 17 & 


LYCHNIS 


Haageana 






June to 


18 bril- 










early 


liant 










Aug. 


"Red" 


BLOOD- 


Lycdris 


Half-hardy bulb. Large flowers, 


i -3 ft. 


July. 


24 redder 


RED 


sangumea 


3-4 in. wide, in umbels, bloom after 


Sun 


Aug. 




AMARYL- 




the long narrow foliage has disap- 








LIS 




peared. Japan. 






"Rosy 


HALL'S 


*Lyc6ris 


Hardy bulb. Immense fragrant 


1-3 ft. 


M 


red" 


AMARYLLIS 


squamigera 


lily-like flowers, striped with yellow, 


Sun 




18 




Amaryllis 


bloom after the long narrow foliage 








' V ' 


Hdllii 


has disappeared. Showy in border. 












Prop, by offsets. Var. purpurea is 












particularly hardy. Japan. 






"Scarlet" 


SCARLET 


*Mimulus 


See page 217. 




June 


18 duller 


MONKEY 


cardinalis 






to 




FLOWER 








Sept. 


"Red" 20 


OSWEGO 


**Monarda 1 


See page 217. 




Mid. 


lighter, 


TEA, BEE OR 


didyma 






Juneto 


centre 21 


FRAGRANT 








early 


redder 


BALM 








Sept. 


"Crim- 


WHORL- 


*Morina 


See page 217. 




June, 


son" 29 


FLOWER 


longifdlia 






July 


turning 












darker 












"Bright 
red" 


ROUND- 
LEAVED 


On&nis 
rotundifblia 


Half shrubby plant with bright pea- 
shaped blossoms striped with deep 


,jft 

Sun 


July 


27 


REST 




rose. Compound leaves scattered 








HARROW 




along the branching stems. Rough 












part of rock-garden or border. Prop. 












by seed and division. Any soil. 












Europe. 






"Scarlet" 


SCARLET 


Ourisia 


See page 218. 




June, 


24 deeper 


OURISIA 


coccinea 






July 


"Scarlet" 


ORIENTAL 


**Papaver 


See page 218. 




Early 


bet. 


POPPY 


orientale 






June to 


12 & 19 










early 












July 


"Light 


RUPIFRAGE 


*Papaver 


See page 1 1 7. 




May to 


red" 16 


POPPY 


rupifragum 






Aug. 



324 



RED 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Scarlet" 
18 


TORREY'S 
BEARDED 
PENTSTE- 


**Pentstemon 
>arbatus var. 
Ttfrreyi 


A very attractive kind. Graceful 
plant which forms a dense clump bear- 
ing many erect stems from which 


4-5 *' 
Sun 


Early 
[uly to 
early 




MON 


P. Tdrreyi 


droop brilliant tubular flowers. Gray- 




Aug. 








green leaves in clumps at the base. 












A charming border plant. Prop, by 
seed and division. Any soil not too 












dry and hot. Col.; N. Mexico. 






"Pur- 


HART- 


Penstemon 


See page 218. 




June 


plish 


WEG'S 


jentianoides 






to 


red" 


LARGE- 


lybrida 






Sept. 


41 deeper 


FLOWERED 


grandifl6ra 










HYBRID 


P. Hdrtwegi 










PENTSTE- 


bybrida %. 










MON 










"Red" 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x 


See color "various," page 370. 




July to 




PHLOX 


Daniculata 






Oct. 






vars. 












P. decussata 








"Ver- 
milion" 
18 redder 


CAPE 
FUCHSIA 


*Phygelius 
Capinsis 


Effective sub-shrubby plant. Long 
pendent tube-shaped flowers in branch- 
ing racemes terminate the many stalks 


if- 3 ft. 

Sun 


July, 

Aug. 








which rise above the thick foliage. 












Not very hardy and needs protection. 












Prop, by seed or cuttings. Light rich 












soil. S. Africa. 






"Red" 


ALKE- 


Phfsalis 


Striking because of its bright red 


I -2 ft. 


Fruit 




KENGI, 
STRAW- 


Alkeke*ngi 


calyxes surrounding the edible fruit 
which is showy and lasts a long time. 


Sun 


July 
to late 




BERRY 




Not hardy in the North. Winter pro- 




Oct. 




TOMATO, 




tection necessary. Prop, by seed and 








WINTER OR 




division. Good garden soil. S. Eu- 








BLADDER 




rope. 








CHERRY 











"Red" 


CHINESE 


*Ph?salis 


Interesting and excellent hardy 


2ft. 


M 




LANTERN 


Franche"tti 


plant, grown for its handsome fruit. 


Sun 






PLANT 


P. Alkekengi 


The fruit and calyxes are larger than 










var. 


in P. Alkekengi, are very showy and 










Francbetti 


last a long time in good condition. 












Prop, by seed and division. Japan. 






"Red" 


DARK 


Potentflla 


See page 221. 




June, 


35 


BLOOD- 


argyrophflla 






July 




RED 


var. 










SILVERY 


atrosanguinea 










CINQUE- 


P. atrosan- 










FOIL 


guinea 








"Red" 


HYBRID 


Potentilla 


See page 221. 




June 




CINQUE- 


hybrida vars. 






to 




FOIL DOU- 








Sept. 




BLE VARS. 










"Scarlet' 


RUSSELL'S 


*Potentilla 


See page 221. 




Early 


bet. 


HYBRID 


Russelliana 






June to 


12 & 15 


CINQUE- 








Aug. 




FOIL 











325 



RED 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pinkish 
red" 


COBWEB OR 
SPIDER- 


*Semper- 
vivum 


Pretty starry blossoms rise above 
pale almost white pulpy leaves clus- 


3-5 in. 

Sun 


July 


near 33 


WEB 


arachnoi- 


tered in tiny cactus-like rosettes 








HOUSE- 
LEEK 


deum 


which are studded closely together. 
Cultivated more for its peculiar foli- 












age than for its flowers. Charming 












carpeting for rock-garden or stone- 












wall. Prop, by division. Dry sandy 












well-drained soil. Mts., S. Europe. 






"Pale 


ATLANTIC 


*Semper- 


See page 221. 




June, 


red" 


HOUSE- 


vivum 






July 


near 22 


LEEK 


Atlanticum 








"Red" 


HOUSE- 


*Semper- 


See page 221. 




M 


24, 


LEEK, 


vivum 








centre 33 


OLD-MAN- 


tectdrum 










AND- 












WOMAN 










"Crim- 


FIRE PINK 


*Silene 


See page 221 




M 


son" 20 




Virginica 








brighter 












& lighter 












"Deep 


PINK ROOT, 


*Spigelia 


See page 222. 




Late 


red" 20, 


WORM 


Marylandica 






June to 


4 inside 


GRASS 








early 












Aug. 


"Scarlet" 
28 


RED HEDGE 
NETTLE 


Stachys 

coccinea 


Rather a pretty plant. The small 
flowers are in irregular spikes. Bor- 


I -2 ft. 

Half 


July 








der. Protect slightly in winter. Prop. 


shade 










by seed and division. Any soil. 












Tex. to Ariz, and Mexico. 






"Bright 


RED 


Tradescantia 


See page 117. 




Late 


red" 


SPIDER- 


Virginiana 






May 




WORT 


var. coccinea 






to late 












Aug. 


"Orange 


CROCUS- 


**Trit6nia 


The commonest species. Lovely 


3-4 ft. 


July to 


scarlet" 


FLOWERED 


crocos- 


slender branching plant with long 


Sun 


Oct. 


often 16 


BLAZING 


maeflora 


spike-like racemes of flowers, 2 in. 






pinker 


STAR 


Montbrttia 


across. Tall stiff narrow foliage 










crocos- 


springs from near the bulb. Protec- 










maftora 


tion of mulch or indoor watering is 












necessary. Very gay and attractive 
for the border. Bulbous. Plant in 












Apr. or May and prop, by scales and 












offsets. Rich well-drained soil. There 












are many yellow and orange vars. 












See Plate, page 327. 












Var. *Transcendant; bright red 












outside, golden yellow within. Hort. 






"Bright 
red" 


REDDISH 
BLAZING 


**Trit6nia 
r6sea 


Spreading tubular flowers spotted 
with yellow. Short stiff narrow 


i ft. 

Sun 


uly, 
Aug. 


some- 


STAR 


Montbrltia 


leaves. Good winter protection of 






times 29 




rosea 


mulch is necessary; it is safer to win- 












ter indoors. For cultivation, etc., 












see T. crocosmaeflora. S. Africa. 







326 




CROCUS-FLOWERED BLAZING STAR. Tritonia crocosmadora. 



327 




OF 




328 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 


NODDING 


Allium 


Flowers, sometimes white, in loose 


12-18 in. 


July 


29 
lighter 


WILD 
ONION 


cdrnuum 


slightly drooping umbels. Grassy 
foliage. Easily cultivated in rock or 


Sun 










wild garden. Prop, by seed and off- 












sets. Well-drained soil. W. Alle- 












ghanies. 






"Light 


CHINESE 


**Astilbe 


Graceful species. Flowers in com- 


I$-2ft. 


July, 


pink" 
22 pale 


GOAT'S 
BEARD 


Chine*nsis 


pact panicles rising above the hand- 
some foliage. Effective in masses 


Half 
shade 


early 
Aug. 








and in the border. Prop, by division. 












Any good garden soil. China. 






"Rose" 
29 lighter 
& duller 


EVANS' 
BEGONIA 


Begonia 
Evansiana 
B. discolor, 


Hardy with slight protection. Pro- 
fusion of large flowers. Foliage green 
above, red beneath. Prop, by cut- 


2ft. 

Sun 


July, 

Aug. 






B. grdndis 


tings. Light rich soil. Japan; China. 






"Pink" 


HEATHER, 


*Calluna 


Evergreen shrub. Small flowers 


f-3 ft - 


M 


37 pinker 


LING, 


vulgaris 


sometimes white, in dense terminal 


Sun 






HEATH 


Erica vulgaris 


racemes, lasting long when cut. 












Pretty in margin of shrubbery or in 
detached clumps. Prop, by division, 












cuttings or layers. Sandy peaty soil 
preferable. Europe; Asia Minor. 






"Purple 
pink" 


GRASS PINK 
ORCHIS 


Calopogon 
pulche*llus 


See page 223. 




June, 

July 


40 duller 




Limoddrum 












tuberosum 








"Pur- 


HOARY 


*Cedrone-lla 


See page 223. 




June 


plish 


CEDRO- 


cana 






to 


pink" 27 


NELLA 








Sept. 


"Deep 


WHITENED 


Centaurea 


See page 223. 




Late 


pink" 


KNAPWEED 


dealbata 






June to 


31 










early 












Aug. 


"Rose" 


ROSY 


**Centaurea 


See page 223. 




Late 


40 duller 


MOUNTAIN 


montana 






May to 




BLUET 


var. r6sea 






early 












July 


"Pur- 


SMALL ROSE 


*Core6psis 


See page 223. 




June 


plish 


OR PINK 


rosea 






to 


rose" 


TICKSEED 




. 




Sept. 


36 deep 












"Pink" 


CROWN 


Coronilla 


See page 223 and Plate, page 328. 




M 


39 


VETCH 


varia 








"Pink" 


CROSS- 


*Crucian611a 


See page 224. 




(i 


29 


WORT, 
FCETID 


stylbsa 










CRUCIA- 












NELLA 










"Pink 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See color "various," page 359. 




July 


etc." 




vars. 






to late 












Oct. 


"Deep 


ALPINE 


*Dinthus 


See page 224. 




June, 


rose" 


PINK 


alp in us 






July 


29 duller 






, 






& pale 













329 



M **'- * 



. r+ 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of I 
Bloom 1 


"Delicate 


CHEDDAR 


*Dianthus 


See page 121. 




Late 


pink" 


PINK 


cassius 






May to 1 


27 light 










early 












July 


"Ma- 


CINIfAMON 


**Dinthus 


Flowers in tight round clusters. 


I ft. 


July, 


genta 
pink" 


PINK 


cinnabar inus 


Rigid grass-like leaves. Charming in 
border or rock-garden. Prop, best by 


Sun 


Aug. 


23 






division. Rich soil. Greece. 






"Pink" 


BROAD- 


**Dianthus 


See page 224. 




June 


25, 27, 


LEAVED 


.atifolius 






to 


28, 33, 


PINK 








Sept. 


34&3S 












"Rose" 


ROCK PINK 


*Dianthus 


See page 224. 




Mid. m 


36 light 




petraeus 






June to 












Aug. 


"Pur- 


SEGUIER'S 


**Dianthus 


See page 227. 




Late 


plish 


PINK 


Seguierii 






June, 


rose" 31 










July 


"Deep 


WILD 


**Dice*ntra 


See page 227. 




Early 


rose" 


BLEEDING 


eximia 






Juneto 


25 


HEART 


Dielytrae 






Aug. 


"Rose" 


BLEEDING 


**Dice"ntra 


See page 40. 




Late 


30 


HEART 


spec tab ills 






Apr. to 






Dielytra s. 






mid. 












July 


"Pur- 


RED GAS 


**Dictmnus 


See page 227. 




June, 


plish 


PLANT OR 


dlbus var. 






July 


pink" 


FRAXI- 


rubra 








32 


NELLA 


D. Fraxi- 












nella var. 












rubra 








"Pur- 


PALE 


*Echinacea 


Rudbeckia-like plant. Flowers 


. -3 ft. 


July, 


plish 


PURPLE 


angustifdlia 


smaller than in E. purpurea, of 


Sun 


Aug. 


pink" 
29 


CONE- 
FLOWER 


Braunlria 
pdllida 


brighter color, varying from pale 
pink to purple, continuous in bloom. 
Foliage hairy. Good border plant. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any soil, 












preferably rich and sandy. Central 
U. S. A. 






"Pur- 


PURPLE 


**Echinacea 


A. compact bushy plant with large 


2-3 * ft. 





plish 


CONE- 


purpurea 


showy rayed flowers having drooping 


Sun 




pink" 


FLOWER, 


Rudbeckia 


petals and dark centres. Blossoms 






bet. 32 & 


BLACK 


purpurea 


fast a long time. Splendid border 






39, cen- 


SAMPSON 




plant. Prop, by seed and division. 




. 


tre 13 & 






Requires good rich soil. U. S. A. 




! 


20 












"Shell- 


HEDGE-HOG 


Echinocactus 


See page 227. 




June 


pfck" 


THISTLE, 


Sfmpsoni 






to j 


bet. 


SIMPSON'S 








Sept. : 


24 & 17 


CACTUS 








; 


"Ma- 


GREAT 


Epildbium 


See page 228. 




June 1 


genta" 


WILLOW 


angustif61ium 






to t 


40 


HERB, 


Camcenlrion 






early 




FIRE WEED, 


angustifdliuvn 






Aug. 




FRENCH 













WILLOW 

mmm~*m~ 


^-^^ i 


^^ ^^^^ 





_l 



330 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Peach- 


ROBUST 


*Eremurus 


See page 228. 




June, 


colored" 


EREMURUS 


robustus 






July 


38 












"Pink" 


ARMENIAN 


Geranium 


See page 228. 




H 


24 


CRANES- 


Armenum 










BILL 


G. Back- 












housianum 








"Light 


LANCASTER 


*Geranium 


See page 228. 







pink" 


CRANES- 


sanguineum 








veined 


BILL 


var. Lancas- 








with 26 




trie"nse 








"Pink" 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See color "various," page 365. 




July to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Pale 


CREEPING 


*Gypsophila 


See page 228. 




Early 


pink" 


CHALK 


repens 






June 


36 


PLANT 


G. prostrata 






to mid. 












July 


"Pink" 


MANY- 


Hedysarum 


See page 228. 




June 


22 light 


PAIRED 


multijugum 






to 




FRENCH 








early 




HONEY- 








Aug. 




SUCKLE 










"Rose" 


CHANGE- 


Helianthe- 


See page 228. 




Early 




ABLE ROCK 


mum vulgare 






June 




ROSE 


var. mutabile 






to Aug. 


"Pur- 


DELAVAY'S 


*Incarvillea 


See page 229. 




Early 


plish 


INCAR- 


Delavayi 






June 


rose" 


VILLEA 








to mid. 


bet. 










July 


32&40 












"Pink" 


JAPANESE 


*L ilium 


A choice species which resembles 


1-3 ft. 


J^y. 




LILY 


Japdnicum 


L. Brownii. 1-5 fragrant funnel- 


Sun or 


Aug. 








form flowers sometimes purple out- 


half 










side, always white within. Leafy 


shade 










stems. Pleasing among low shrubs or 












in border. Not very enduring. Bul- 












bous. Prop, by offsets, scales, or very 












slowly by seed. Light rich soil. 












Avoid direct contact with manure. 












China; Japan. 
Var. **roseum (L. Krameri); (color 












no. 43 pinker), more graceful than the 












type, with soft rose colored flowers 












varying to deep pink. A lovely Lily. 






"Pale 


TWIN 


Linnsea 


See page 229. 




June, 


pink" 


FLOWER 


borealis 






}uly 


36 or 43 












"Pink" 


RAGGED 


*Lchnis 


See page 229. 




H 


27 light 


ROBIN, 


FloVcuculi 








or 29 pale 


CUCKOO 












FLOWER 










"Bright 


JUPITER'S 


*Lfchnis 


See page 229. 







rose" 


FLOWER, 


F16s-Jovis 








31 


UMBELLED 


Agrostemma 










LYCHNIS 


Flds-Jovis 









33 1 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 


ALCEA 


*Milva 


See page 229. 




Juneto 


rose" 29 


MALLOW 


Alcea 






Sept. 


"Rose" 


MUSK 


*Malva 


A showy plant. Large single fra- 


I -2 ft. 


June 


38 more 


MALLOW 


moschata 


grant flowers 2 in. across, in clusters. 


Sun or 


to 


violet 






Foliage sweet-smelling. Good in bor- 


shade 


early 








der. Prop, by seed and division. Any 




Sept. 








soil. Europe. 






"Pur- 


MEXICAN 


*<Enothera 


See page 229. 




June, 


plish 


PRIMROSE 


rosea 






July 


pink" 31 












"Light 


SAINFOIN, 


On6brychis 


See page 230. 




M 


pink" 


HOLY 


sativa 










CLOVER 


O. vicicefolia, 












Hedysarum o. 








"Pink" 


THORNY 


On6nis 


See page 230. 




H 


32 


REST 


spinosus 










HARROW 


0. arvensis 












var. spinosus 








"Pur- 


WILD OR 


Origanum 


See page 230. . 




M 


plish 


POT 


vulgare 








pink" 


MARJORAM 










bet. 












37&3S 












"Pale 


ORIENTAL 


**Papaver 


See page 230. 




Early 


pink" 


POPPY 


orientale 






Juneto 


22 


BLUSH 


"Blush 






early 




QUEEN 


Queen" 






July 


"Pink or 


BEARDED 


*Pentstemon 


See page 230. 




Early 


carmine" 


PENTSTE- 


barbatus 






Juneto 


32 


MON 


Cbeldne 






mid. 


varying 




barbata 






July 


"Rose" 


BELL- 


*Pentstemon 


Branching plant, somewhat shrub- 


I $-2 ft. 


July. 


38 to 27 


FLOWERED 


campanulatus 


by in appearance. Long narrow one- 


Sun 


Aug. 




PENTSTE- 


P. angustifd- 


sided spikes of flowers in varying 








MON 


lius, P. atro- 


shades of rose, resembling Foxgloves. 










purpureus 


Desirable border plant. Prop, by 












seed or division. Any garden soil, 












not too dry. Mexico. 






"Pur- 


TUBEROUS 


Phldmis 


See page 230. 




[une, 


plish 
rose" 32 


JERUSALEM 
SAGE 


tuberdsa 






[uly 


"Deep 


CAROLINA 


*Phl6x 


See page 231. 




it 


rose" 40 


PHLOX 


Carolina 








lighter 




P. ovata 








"Pink" 


SMOOTH 


*Phl6x 


Erect growing plant. Flowers in 


1-2$ ft. 


July 


40 


PHLOX 


glabe"rrima 


flat clusters, varying to white. Bright 
glossy foliage. Pretty in border. 
Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 


Sun 










Rich moist soil. U. S. A. 






"Rose" 


SHRUBBY 


*Phl6x 


See page 231. 




Juneto 


often 45 


SMOOTH- 


glab6rrima 






early 


lighter 


LEAVED 


var. 






Aug. 




PHLOX 


suffruticbsa 












P. s. t P. nitida 









332 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Reddish 


MOUNTAIN 


*Phl6x ovata 


See page 23 1 . 




June, 


pink" 31 


PHLOX 


P. triftdra 






July 


brilliant 












"Pink" 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x pani- 


See color "various," page 370. 




July to 




PHLOX 


culata vars. 






Oct. 






P. decussata 








"Pur- 
plish 


FALSE 
DRAGON 


*Physostfegia 
Virginiana 


Grows in clumps forming an erect 
bushy plant. Flowers flesh colored, 


1-3 ft. 

Sun 


Early 
July to 


rose" 
37 


HEAD, 
OBEDIENT 


P. Virginica 


purple or white, in dense spike-like 
racemes. Transplant and divide fre- 




Aug 


pinker 


PLANT, 
LION'S 




quently. Associate with bold plants 
in the border. Prop, by division in 








HEART 




the spring. Strong rich rather moist 












soil. N. Amer. 












Var. **denticulata; (P. denticu- 












lata, Dracocepbalum denticulatum), a 












lower-growing and more slender form. 












Flowers less showy. N. Y. to Va. 












Var. *speciosa; (P. imbricata, 












Dracocepbalum speciosum), taller and 












of more slender habit than the type, 












with larger darker flowers and broader 












leaves. Tex. 






"Rose" 


HYBRID 


*Potentilla 


See page 231. 




Early 


26 


CINQUE- 


Hapwoodiana 






June to 




FOIL 








Aug. 


"Rose" 


PRAIRIE 


Sabbatia 


See page 231. 




Late 


38 more 


SABBATIA 


campe*stris 






June, 


violet 










July 


"Rose" 


PINK 


*Salvia 


See page 232. 




June, 


about 25 


MEADOW 


prate*nsis 






early 




SAGE 


var. rosea 






July 


"Pink" 


ROCK 


*Saponaria 


See page 126. 




Late 


38 paler 


SOAPWORT 


ocymoides 






May to 


& more 










Aug. 


violet 












"Light 
pink" 


DOUBLE 
BOUNCING 


Saponaria 
officinalis 


Rambling rapidly spreading plant. 
Clusters of double flowers varying to 


I*-2ift. 

Sun or 


July, 

Aug. 


38 & 


BET 


var. 


to white are borne on leafy stems. 


shade 




paler 




fldre-pleno 


Good for naturalizing and in border 












when kept from spreading. Prop, by 












seed and division. Any soil. Europe. 






"Rose" 


AUTUMN 


*Scflla 


Charming bulb. Small starry flow- 


6-9 in. 


Late 


near 27 


SQUILL, 


autumnalis 


ers in racemes. Leaves in tufts from 


Sun or 


July to 




STARRY 




the root. Good in rock-garden, wild 


shade 


Oct. 




HYACINTH 




garden or border. Enrich soil occa- 












sionally with top-dressing of manure. 
Great Britain; N. Africa. 






"Pur- 


PURPLE 


*Sedum 


Trailing plant. Most desirable of 


6 in. 


Mid. 


plish 


STONECROP 


stoloniferum 


the Sedums. Flowers, sometimes 


Sun 


fuly to 


pink" 




S. spurium 


white, in clusters 2 in. wide. Flat 




early 


32 






succulent leaves. Good for carpeting 




Aug. 








rock-garden or edge of border. Cau- 












casus. 







333 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 
23 dull 


ORPINE, 
iLIVE- 


*Sedum 
Telgphium 


Sturdy plant. Flowers vary to 
rosy purple and sometimes to white, 


1 2- 1 8 in 

Sun 


July, 
Aug. 




FOREVER 




in wide clusters, not abundant, but 












lasting long when cut. Foliage succu- 








- 




lent. Pretty in dry border or rock- 












garden. Prop, by'seed or offsets. Any 
soil, preferably sandy. Europe; N. 












Asia. 












Var. purpurascens; (color no. 32), 












flowers also purplish, in dense heads 












on strong stems, height 15-20 in. 












France. Var. purpureum; foliage 












dark purple. As edging or in rock- 












garden. N. Asia. 






"Pale" 


AUVERGNE 


*Sempervi- 


See page 232. 




June, 


pink" 


HOUSELEEK vum 






July 


38 




Arverne*nse 








"Salmon 


VERLOTI'S 


*Sempervi- 


Starry flowers on leafy stalks rise 


6-9 in. 


July 


rose" 22 
brighter 


HOUSELEEK 


vum Verloti 


well above rather grayish pulpy foli- 
age clustered in small cactus-like ro- 


Sun 










settes. Pretty carpeting for rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed. Sandy well- 












drained soil. French Alps. 






"Pink" 


PINK 


Sidalcea 


See page 232. 




June, 


29 lighter 


BEAUTY 


malvasflbra 






July 






var. Listen 








"Rose 


AUTUMN 


Silene 


See page 233. 




June to 


pink" 38CATCHFLY 


Schafta 






Sept. 


"Deep QUEEN OF 
pink" 24 THE 


*Spirsea 
lobata 


See page 233. 




Early 
June 


brilliant 


PRAIRIE 


S. palmata 






:o 






Filipendula I. 






Aug. 






Vim aria 












rubra 








"Car- 


PALMATE- 


**Spirsfea 


See page 233. 




June, 


mine" 


LEAVED 


palmata 






July 


26 deep 


MEADOW 


Filipendula 










SWEET 


purpurea, 












Ulmaria p. 








"Pink" 


ELEGANT 


**Spiraea 


See page 233. 




Late 


22 


PALMATE- 


palmata var. 






fune, 




LEAVED 


e*legans 






[uly 




MEADOW 


Ulmaria 










SWEET 


rubra var. e. 








"Rose" 


HILL- 


Statice 


See page 233. 




fune, 




LOVING SEA 


collina 






[uly 




LAVENDER 


6\ Besseriana 








"Pur- 


AMERICAN 


Teucrium 


Tubular flowers varying to cream 


i -3 ft. 


^ate 


plish 
rose" 
37 


GERMAN- 
DER, WOOD 
SAGE 


Canade*nse 
7*. yirgini- 
cum 


white in long spikes. Fragrant foliage, 
soft and whitish. Wild garden or 
border. Prop, by division. Moist 


Sun 


[uly 
o late 
Aug. 








soil. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Pink" 


SAXIFRAGE- 


*Tunica 


See page 233. 




'une, 


29 lighter 


LIKE 


saxifraga 






luly 




TUNICA 











334 






335 




336 



WILD MONKSHOOD. Aconitum uncinatum. 




PINK, PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 


PINK LONG- 


Veronica 


See page 233. 




June, 


near 45 


LEAVED 


longifdlia 






July 




SPEEDWELL 


var. rdsea 








"Pink" 


PINK SPIKE-!*Ver6nica 


See page 233. 




M 


29 light 


FLOWERED Ispicata 










SPEED WELL ivar. rosea 








"Purple" 


BROAD- 


**Acanthus 


A large and hardy variety. Flow- 


4 ft. 


July. 




LEAVED 


m611is var. 


ers in loose spikes which rise above 


Sun 


Aug. 




ACANTHUS 


.atifolius 


the large and striking foliage. Protect 










A. latifolius, 


in winter. Effective for border or 










A. Lusitdni- 
cus 


rock-garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 
sion in spring and fall. Light soil. 












S. Europe. See Plate, page 335. 






"Deep 


WILD 


**Aconitum 


See page 233 and Plate, page 336. 




Mid. 


purple" 


MONKS- 


uncinatum 






June to 


49 darker 


HOOD 








Sept. 


"Purple" 


GLAND 


*Aden6phora 


See page 234. 




June to 


47 


BELL- 


Lamarckii 






Sept. ' 




FLOWER 










"Lilac" 


LARGE- 


*^Ethionema 


See page 127. 




May to 


26 


FLOWERED 


grandifldrum 






Aug. 


purpler 


LEBANON 












CANDYTUFT 










"Purple" 


JAPANESE 


Aletris 


Small flowers in spikes on slender 


2-3 ft. 


July. 




STAR 


Jap6nica 


stems which rise much above the 


Sun 


Aug. 




GRASS 




glossy clump of grass-like foliage. 
Prop, by seed and division. Rather 












moist soil is preferable. Japan. 






"Pale 


LARGE- 


*Anemonop- 


Similar to Anemone Japonica, but 


2-3 ft. 


July 


purple" 


LEAVED 


sis 


smaller. Nodding half-closed flowers, 


Half 




near 53 


ANEMO- 


macrophylla 


pale purple or lilac, in loose racemes. 


shade 






NOPSIS 


A. Calif 6r- 


Border. Prop, by seed or division in 










nica 


early spring or late autumn. Rich 












soil, deep and well-drained. Japan. 






"Violet" 
47 


RUSH 
ASTER 


*Aster 

junceus 


Slender plant with slightly branched 
stems. Flowers in panicles, varying 


i-j ft. 

Sun 


July to 
early 








to nearly white. Good for planting 




Sept. 








along the margins of ponds or in any 












moist place. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Violet" 


SAVORY- 


*Aster 


A neat tufted plant with very 


6-20 in. 


July to 


bet. 


LEAVED 


linariif&lius 


showy flowers. Very desirable for 


Sun 


Oct. 


46 & 47 


ASTER 


Diplopappus 
linariifdlius 


naturalizing in wild garden, planted 
in high dry position in any light soil. 
Eastern U. S. A. 






"Pale 


ARROW- 


Aster 


An erect plant with hairy leaves. 


2-3 ft. 


July, 


violet" 


LEAVED 


sagittifblius 


The flowers are showy and pleasing. 


Sun 


Aug. 


50 


ASTER 




Naturalize in wild garden in any ordi- 






lighter 






nary soil. N. Amer. 






"Pinkish 


BROAD- 


**Bolt6nia 


A delightful plant resembling the 


4 ft. 


Late 


laven- 
der" 43 


SCALED 
BOLTONIA 


latisquama 


Aster, but of more feathery effect with 
larger flowers than B. asteroides. 


Sun 


July to 
Oct. 


pinker 






Profuse bloomer, good for cutting. 












Attractive in rough places and in the 












border. Prop, by division. Kans.; Mo. 







337 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple" 


LARGE 


Brunella 


See page 234. 




June, 


47 dull 


SELF-HEAL 


grandifiora 






July 






B. Pyrenaica 








"Lilac 


TOM 


Calamintha 


See page 237. 




<t 


purple" 
23 dull 


THUMB 
CALAMINT 


glabe'lla 








"Pale 


CUT- 


*Calimeris 


Aster-like flowers with yellow cen- 


1-2 ft. 


July, 


purple" 


LEAVED 


incisa 


tres. Erect habit like our native 


Sun 


Aug. 


44 


CALIMERIS 


A stcf i.f 


Boltonias. Good in border. Fairly 










Boltbnia i. 


rich soil. Siberia. 






"Violet" 


CARPA- 


"""Campanula 


See page 237. 




Late 


47 shad- 


THIAN 


Carpatica 






June 


ing 


HAIRBELL 








to late 


darker 










Aug. 


"Lilac" 
44 bluer 


BRITTLE 
HAIRBELL 


*Campanula 
fragilis 


Plant of trailing habit. Starry 
flowers of a delicate blue or lilac, white 


4-6 in. 
Sun 


July 


& deeper 




C. Bar relier ii 


in the centre, solitary or two together. 
Pretty in border or rock-garden. Pro- 












tect slightly in winter. Prop, by cut- 












tings in spring. Rich loam, well- 












drained. S. Italy. 






"Pale 


GARGANO 


*Campdnula 


See page 128. 




May to 


blue 


HAIRBELL 


Garg&nica 






Sept. 


violet" 












44 deep 












"Purple" 


DANE'S 


**Campnula 


See page 237. 




June, 


48 


BLOOD, 
CLUSTERED 


glomerata 






July 




BELL- 












FLOWER 










"Deep 
purple" 


LARGE- 
BLOSSOMED 


* *Campanula 
latifolia 


See page 238. 




Early 
June 


48 


BELL- 


var. 






to 




FLOWER 


macrantha 






Aug. 






C. macrdntba 








"Violet" 


PEACH- 


**Campnula 


See page 238. 




Early 


47 


LEAVED 


persicifolia 






June 


shading 


BELL- 








to mid. 


darker 


FLOWER. 








July 




PEACH 












BELLS 










"Purple" 


RAINER'S 


*Campanula 


See page 238. 




Mid. 

v 


S9&47 


BELL- 


Rainerii 






June 




FLOWER 








to late 












July 


"Violet" 
47 lighter 
or darker 


CREEPING 
OR 
EUROPEAN 
BELL- 


*Campanula 
rapunculoides 


Common in old gardens and spread 
to roadsides. Long spikes of droop- 
ing funnel-form flowers. A continuous 
bloomer if cut. Foliage good. Ex- 


2-4 ft. 
Sun or 
shade 


July, 

Aug. 




FLOWER 




tremely pretty to naturalize or for the 












border. Prop, by seed, division or 
cuttings. Rich loam well drained. 












Europe; Siberia; naturalized in 












Eastern U. S. A. 







338 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Violet" 


ENGLISH 


**Campnula 


See page 238. 




June 


47 shad- 


HAIRBELL, 


rotundifolia 






to late 


ing to 49 


BLUE 








Aug. 




BELLS OF 












SCOTLAND 










"Light 
purple" 
48 


COVENTRY 
BELLS, 
BLUE 
FOXGLOVE 


*Camp&nula 
Trachelium 

C. ucticifolia 


A common and very hardy species. 
Sturdy hairy plant with racemes of 
bell-shaped somewhat drooping flow- 
ers bearded within, in clusters of two 


2-3 ft. 

Sun or 
half 
shade 


Mid. 
July to 
mid. 
Aug. 








or three. Rough leaves. Apt to crowd 
out other species but is a good border 












plant. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 












tings. Rich well-drained loam. Europe. 






"Violet" 
40 


VAN 
HOUTTE'S 


"""Campanula 
Van Houttei 


See page 238. 




Early 
June 




BELL- 








to mid. 




FLOWER 








July 


"Violet" 


BLUE 


*Catandnche 


See page 239. 




June 


47 


SUCCORY, 


cserulea 






to 




BLUE 








Sept. 




CUPIDONE 










"Purple" 


MOUNTAIN 


**Centaurea 


See page 239. 




M 


46 shad- 


BLUET OR 


montana 








ing to 39 


KNAPWEED 










"Pur- 


RAM'S 


*Cypripedium 


See page 131. 




Late 


plish" 


HEAD 


arietinum 






May to 


effect 43 


LADY'S 








Aug. 




SLIPPER 










"Pur- 


DAHLIA 


**Dhlia 


See color "various," page 359. 




July 


plish" 




vars. 






to late 












Oct. 


"Deep 


KASHMIR 


*Delphmium 


See page 239. 




June, 


purple" 


LARKSPUR 


Cash- 






July 


49 deep 




merianum 








"Lilac" 


FRINGED 


*Dianthus 


Solitary fragrant flowers with 


I -2 ft. 


July, 


43 darker 


PINK 


superbus 


fringed petals. Small bright green 


Sun 


early 








leaves. Attractive in border or rock- 




Aug. 








garden. Prop, best by division. 












Rich soil. Europe; Japan. 






"Light 


VERY 


*Erigeron 


See page 239. 




Early 


purple" 


ROUGH 


labe*llus var. 






June 


bet. 


ERIGERON 


asper 






:o mid. 


43&44 










July 


"Pur- 
plish 


SHOWY 
FLEABANE 


**Erigeron 

speciSsus 


See page 240. 




June, 

July 


lilac" 




Stendctis 








47 lighter 




specibsa 








"Light 


GLANDULAR 


Erddium 


See page 240. 




fune 


purple" 


STORK'S OR 


macradenium 






:o 




HERON'S 


E. glandulb- 






Sept. 




BILL 


sum 








"Pur- 


MANES- 


Erddium 


See page 240. 




fune, 


plish" 


CAUT'S 


Manescavi 







fuly 




STORK'S OR 












HERON'S 












BILL 











339 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pale 
lilac" 
50 


FORTUNE'S 
DAY OR 
PLANTAIN 


*Ftinkia 
Ftfrtunei 


Funnel-shaped flowers in racemes 
well above the gray-green leathery 
foliage. Effective for margin of bor- 


I -2 ft. 

Half 
shade 


July 




LILY 




der or shrubbery. Prop, by division; 


best 










sometimes by seed just ripe. Rich 












soil. Japan. 






"Pale 


LANCE- 


**Ffinkia 


Tubular flowers in loose racemes 


1-2 ft. 


Late 


lilac" 
47 pale 


LEAVED 
DAY OR 


lancifolia 
F. Japdnica 


rising above the clumps of foliage. 
Excellent in the border or the margin 


Half 
sbade 


July to 
early 




PLANTAIN 




of shrubbery. Prop, by division; 


best 


Sept. 




LILY 




sometimes by seed just ripe. Rich 












soil. Japan. 












*Var. albo-marginata, (F. albo- 












marginata); variegated foliage. Hort. 












Var. undulata; (F. undulata), varie- 












gated and wavy margined leaves. 
Hort. These variegated vars. are 












not so good as the type. 






"Laven- 


OVAL- 


*Fdnkia 


See page 240. 




June, 


der" 


LEAVED 


ovata 






early 


45 bluer 


DAY OR 


F. ccerulea, 






July 




PLANTAIN 


F. lanceolata 










LILY 










"Pale 


SIEBOLD'S 


*Funkia 


See page 240 




June, 


lilac" 


DAY OR 


Sieboldiana 






July 


43 lighter 


PLANTAIN 


F. cucullata, 










LILY 


F. gigantea, 












F. glauca, 












F. Sieboldii, 












F. Sinensis 








"Lilac 


GOAT'S RUE 


*Galega 


See page 240. 




June 


purple" 




officinalis 






to 


43 










Sept. 


"Pur- 


HILL- 


Geranium 


See page 241. 




June, 


ple" 


LOVING 


collinum 






July 


bet. 


CRANES- 


G. Londessi 








39&47 


BILL 










"Purple" 


WALLICH'S 


Geranium 


See page 241. 




June 


42 


CRANES- 


Wallichianum 






to 




BILL 








Sept. 


"Pur- 


ROCKET, 


*He*speris 


See page 241. 




June, 


ple" 


SWEET 


matronalis 






July 


40 to 47 


ROCKET, 












DAME OR 












DAMASK 












VIOLET 










"Bluish 


HYSSOP 


*H^ssopus 


See page 241. 




Mid. 


purple" 




officinalis 






June 


49 










to mid. 












Aug. 


"Violet 


ENGLISH 


**Iris 


See page 242 




Late 


purple" 


IRIS 


ziphioides 






June, 


49 




/. Anglica 







July 


"Pur- 


VARIE- 


Lamiurn 


See page 136. 




Mid. 


plish" 


GATED 


maculatum 






May 


45 


NETTLE 


L. purpurfum 






to late 






(Hort.) 






July 



340 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


BLACK PEA 


L&thyrus 


See page 242. 




June, 


ple" 


OR BITTER 


niger 






July 


near 
37&40 


VETCH 


Orobus niger 








"Violet" 
bet. 
47&49 


TRUE 
LAVENDER 


Lavandula 
vera 


Fragrant grayish sub-shrub. Flow- 
ers occasionally white, in spikes. An 
old garden favorite, used for oil of 


1-3 ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 
July to 
Sept. 








lavender. Slight protection needed. 












Flowers if dried will long retain fra- 












grance. Prop, by young wood cut- 












tings. Light rich open soil. S. 












Europe. 






"Pur- 


HANDSOME 


*Liatris 


Bright flowers in dense slender 


2-3 ft. 


Early 


ple" 


BLAZING 


elegans 


spikes; buds deeper, color no. 40. 


Sun or 


July to 


39 bright 


STAR 


Lacinaria 


Narrow leaves. Striking in border or 


half 


mid. 


& clear 




elegans 


margin of shrubbery against back- 
ground. Protect slightly in winter. 


shade 


Aug. 








Prop, by fall-sown seed, division or 












offsets. Rich or poor soil. Southern 












U. S. A. 






"Purple" 
near 46 


LOOSE- 
FLOWERED 


*Liatris 

graminifolia 


Flowers rise in long spikes above 
narrow leaves. Good in border or 


n. 

Sun or 


July, 
to Oct. 




BUTTON 


Lacinaria 


wild garden. Prop, by fall-sown seed 


half 






SNAKEROOT 


graminifolia 


or offsets. Rich or poor soil. S. 


shade 










Eastern U. S. A. 






"Deep 


DENSE 


**Liatris 


Handsome neat species. Flowers, 


2-5 ft. 


Mid. 


purple" 


BUTTON 


spicata 


small, in close spikes on unbranched 


Sun or 


July to 


near 46 


SNAKE- 


Lacinaria 


erect stems. Foliage slender. Plant 


half 


early 




ROOT, GAY 
FEATHER 


picata 


in masses in the border against good 
background. Prop, by seed and divi- 


shade 


Sept. 








sion. Light rich soil is best. Eastern 












U. S. A. 












*Var. montana (L. pumila); lower- 












growing, i-i^ft. high, leaves broader, 












flower spike shorter. Mts., N. C. 












and Va. 






"Lilac" 


KENIL- 


Linaria 


See page 242. 




[une 


47 light 


WORTHIVY, 


Cymbalaria 











MOTHER OF 








Sept. 




THOUSANDS 










"Bluish 


HIMA- 


*Lindel6fia 


Showy plant. Pendent clusters of 


i-i^ft. 


larly 


purple" 
44 duller 


LAYAN 
LUNGWORT 


pectabilis 


tubular flowers tinged with purple or 
pink. Sheltered places in the bor- 


Sun 


uly to 
early 








der. Prop, by seed and division. Any 




Aug. 








well-drained soil. N. India. 






"Pur- 


TALL BLUE- 


**Lupinus 


See page 242. 




une, 


ple" bet. 


FLOWERED 


polyphyllus 






uly 


47&4S 


PERENNIAL 


L. grandi- 










LUPINE 


ftorus 








"Purple" 


SLENDER- 


L^thrum 


See page 245. 




H 


near 29 


BRANCHED 


virgatum 








duller 


PURPLE 












LOOSE- 












STRIFE 











341 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Light 
purple" 


REQUIEN'S 
PENNY- 


Me-ntha 
Requieni 


Tiny creeping plant. Flowers in 
scanty whorls. Small leaves. Rock- 


2-3 in. 
Sun 


July, 
Aug. 


44 


ROYAL 




garden or carpeting for rose-beds. 












Protect slightly in winter. Prop, by 












running root-stock. Prefers moist 












soil. Corsica. 






"Pur- 


SPEARMINT 


Mlntha 


Flowers in slender spikes. Foliage 


I -2 ft. 


M 


plish" 
39 




spicata 
M. viridis 


with attractive taste and fragrance. 
Used for flavoring. Any ordinary 


Sun 










soil. Naturalized from Europe; Asia. 






"Purple" 
37 or 41 


WILD 
BERGAMOT 


*Monarda 
fistuldsa 


Striking plant of somewhat rough 
habit. Large showy open flowers 


Sun 


July 








purple in the type with vars. ranging 












from white to purple. Effective in 












masses and for naturalization. Prop. 












by division. Any soil. N. Amer. 












Var. media; (M. media, M. pur- 












purea), (color no. 42 lighter or 55). 
Goodvar. Flowers deep purple. Hort. 






"Violet" 
47 tinged 


MUSSIN'S 
CATMINT 


Nepeta 

Mussmi 


Branching plant with rather weak 
stems, but its many flowers make a 


2ft. 

Sun 


[uly, 
Aug. 


with 46 




N. longifolia 


pretty color effect in a roomy border. 












Prop, by seed or division. Any light 












garden soil. Caucasus; Persia. 






"Purple" 


SCOTCH 


Onopdrdon 


Vigorous biennial plant of bold 


5-9 ft. 


" 


47 deep 


THISTLE 


Acanthium 


habit. Showy flowers about 2 in. 


Sun 










wide. Foliage large, silvery and 
prickly. Effective against dark 












shrubs. Seeds itself freely. Prop, by 












seed. Europe. 






"Lilac" 


SNAKE'S- 


Ophiopbgon 


Similar in habit to O. Japonicus but 


6-24 in. 


(C 


43 


BEARD 


[aburan 


more vigorous. Flowers varying to 


Sun or 










white in dense racemes. Leathery 


half 










grass-like leaves. Protect in winter. 


shade 










Sheltered position. Prop, in spring 












by division. Sandy soil. Japan. 












Var. variegatus, variegated foliage. 












Japan. 






"Pale 


GIANT 


*0str6wskia 


Very large bell-shaped flowers, 3-6 


4-5 ft- 


" 


lilac" 


BELL- 


magnifica 


in a cluster, borne on stems which 


Sun 




43 


FLOWER 




branch only above, thus forming with 












the whorls of foliage very handsome 












clumps. Mulch in winter. Prop, by 












seed or by cuttings of the root or 












young growths in spring. Well- 












worked and drained sandy soil. 












Turkestan. 






"Violet" 


SHARP- 


*Pentstemon 


See page 245. 




une, 


44 pinker 


LEAVED 


acuminatus 






arly 




BEARD- 








uly 




TONGUE 










"Light 


DIFFUSE 


**Pentstemon 


See page 245. 




^arly 


purple" 


PENTSTE- 


diffusus 






une to 


47 


MONOR 








arly 




BEARD- 








uly 




TONGUE 











342 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Tima of 
Bloom 


"Lilac 


SLENDER 


*Pentstemon 


See page 136. 




Late 


purple" 


BEARD- 


gracilis 






May to 


45 


TONGUE 








early 












July 


"Pale 


DOWNY 


*Pentstemon 


See page 136. 




Late 


violet" 


PENTSTE- 


pubscens 






May to 


47, edge 


MON 








mid. 


white 










July 


"Laven- 


ONE-SIDED 


**Pentstemon 


See page 245. 




June, 


der" 


PENTSTE- 


secundiflorus 






July 


44 


MON OR 












BEARD- 












TONGUE 










"Deep 


VIOLET 


Petalostemon 


See page 245. 




June 


violet" 


PRAIRIE 


violaceus 






until 




CLOVER 


Kubnistera 






frost 






purpurea 








"Lilac," 
"purple" 


PERENNIAL 
PHLOX 


**Phl6x 
paniculata 


See color "various," page 370. 




July to 
Oct. 






vars. 












P. decussata 








"Bluish 


BELL- 


*Phyteuma 


Ragged looking flowers in spikes. 


I -2 ft. 


July, 


violet" 
bet. 


FLOWERED 
HORNED 


campanu- 
loides 


The largest and strongest growing 
species of the genus. Well grown 


Sun 


Aug. 


46&47 


RAMPION 




clumps suitable for rock-garden. 












Prop, by seed or division in spring. 












Any garden soil. Caucasus. 






"Purple" 


JAPANESE 


**Primula 


See page 139. 




Late 


near 30 


PRIMROSE 


[aponica 






May to 


deeper 










Aug. 


to white 












"Purple" 


ROSEMARY, 


*Rosmarinus 


See page 246. 




June, 


44 bluer 


OLD MAN 


officinalis 






July 


"Purple" 
near 49 


SYLVAN 
SAGE 


*Salvia 
sylve*stris 


Flowers in showy spikes. Oblong 
leates. Pretty in the border. Prop. 


3-3* ft. 
Sun 


July 








by seed. Any soil. Europe; Asia. 






"Blue 
purple" 


VERVAIN 
SAGE 


Silvia 
Verbenaca 


See page 246. 




June, 
July 


44 deep 




5. spelmina, 












S. Spiemanni 








"Bluish 


SMALL OR 


Scabibsa 


See page 246. 




fune 


purple" 


LILAC- 


Columbaria 






:o 


near 50 


FLOWERED 








Oct. 




SCABIOUS 










"Purple" 


MOUNTAIN 


*Scutellaria 


Charming creeping plant. Orna- 


8- 10 in. 


Zarly 


49 


SKULLCAP 


a lp in a 


mental tubular flowers, sometimes 


Sun 


fuly 








with yellow lips, in racemes, form 




o late 








rounded tufts of bloom. Leaves oval. 




Sept. 








Excellent for edge of border or rock- 












garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. Europe. 






"Purple" 


WIDOW'S 


Sedum 


See page 246. 




r une, 


43 deep 


CROSS, 


pulchellum 






uly 




BEAUTIFUL 












STONECROP 











343 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rosy 
purple" 


PRETTY 
GROUNDSEL 


*Senecio 
pulcher 


Showy plant. Large rayed flowers 
with yellow centres on almost leafless 


2-4 ft. 
Sun 


July, 

Aug. 


40 






stems. Leaves arrow-shaped. Shel- 












tered situation in border. Protect 












slightly. Prop, by root-cuttings. Any 
well-drained soil. Uruguay; Buenos 












Ay res. 






"Pinkish 


CUSHION 


*Silene 


See page 246. 




June, 


purple" 
43 


PINK, MOSS 
CAMPION 


acaulis 






July 


"Light 


TORREY'S 


Solanum 


Plant of erect habit. Few large 


i ft. 


July, 


violet" 
44 deep 


NIGHT- 
SHADE 


T6rreyi 


flowers, 2 in. across, in flat-topped 
clusters. Bright round yellow ber- 


Sun 


Aug. 








ries. Prickly foliage. Border. Prop. 












by seed or cuttings. Rich loam. 












Southern U. S. A. 






"Red 


WOOD 


Stachys 


See page 249. 




Late 


purple" 


BETONY 


Betdnica 






June, 


. 41 




Betdnica 


: _ ** 




July 






officinalis 








"Violet" 


LARGE- 


*Stachys 


See page 249. 




Mid. 


often 45 


FLOWERED 


grandifl&ra 






June 




WOUND- 


Betdnica 






to late 




WORT 


rosea 







July 


"Purple" 


WOOLLY 


Stachys 


See page 249. 




it 


near 37 


WOUND- 


lanata 










WORT 










"Dull 


TALL SEA 


Stdtice 


Spikes of tiny blossoms form a 


2ft. 


Mid. 


violet" 


LAVENDER 


elata 


mound well above a striking tuft of 


Sun 


July to 


47 






large leaves. Good in rock-garden or 




early 








border. Prop, in spring by seed or in 




Sept. 








autumn by division. Loose soil pref- 












erable. S. Russia. 






"Blue 


GMELIN>S 


*Stdtice 


Delicate plant. Numerous flowers 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


violet" 


SEA 


Gmelini 


in dense erect paincles. Good for 


Sun 


July to 


44 


LAVENDER 




cutting. Tufted root-leaves. Pretty 




early 








in rock-garden or open border. Prop. 




Sept. 








by seed. Does best in loose soil of 












good depth. E. Europe. 






"Bluish 


BROAD- 


**Sttice 


Strikingly effective plant. Clouds 


\ $-2 ft. 


M 


purple" 


LEAVED 


latifolia 


of tiny flowers in large spreading 


Sun 




47 


SEA 




spikes. Good for cutting. Bold luxu- 








LAVENDER 




riant foliage, springing from the root. 












Excellent in border or margin of 












shrubbery. Prop, by seed in spring. 












Leave undisturbed. Deep soil. S. 












Russia. 






"Purple* 


SHOWY SEA 


*Sta"tice 


Blue or white flowers in dense 


i ft. 


July 


near 46 


LAVENDER 


speciosa 


spikes crowning numerous branchlets. 


Sun 










Grayish foliage. Good in rock-garden 












or border. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Sandy well-drained deep soil. 












Siberia. 







344 



PURPLE TO LILAC, BLUE 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple" 


WALL 


Teucrium 


Branching plant with clusters of 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


39 


GERMAN- 
DER 


Chamsedrys 


pretty tubular flowers, spotted with 
red and white. Glossy fragrant foli- 


Sun 


July to 
mid. 








age, whitish beneath. Border or 




Aug. 








rocky bank. Prop, by division. 












Light soil. Europe. 






"Lilac" 


MOTHER 


Thymus 


See page 249. 




Mid. 


43 


OF THYME, 


Serp^llum 






Juneto 




CREEPING 








mid. 




THYME 








Aug. 


"Pale 


COMMON 


Thymus 


See page 249. 


v 


June, 


lilac" 


GARDEN 


vulgaris 






uly 


37 


THYME 










"Pur- 


COMMON 


*Tradescdntia 


See page 140. 




Late 


plish" 


SPIDER- 


Virgmiana 






May to 


44, 48 


WORT 


T. Virginica 






late 


or 49 










Aug. 


"Lilac" 


LONG- 


**Ver6nica 


Effective sturdy plant of dense 


2*ft. 


Mid. 


near 53 


LEAVED 


Iongif61ia 


growth. Flowers numerous in tall 


Sun 


July to 




SPEEDWELL 




spike-like racemes. Grayish green 
foliage. Excellent in the border. 




Aug. 








Prop, by seed and division. Any 












good garden soil. Central and E. 












Europe; N. Asia. 












*Var. villosa, (color no. 46). An 












attractive form. Flowers of deeper 












color and foliage larger and narrower 












than that of the type. Siberia. 






"Violet" 


HORNED 


**VJola 


See page 48. 




Late 


47 or 49 


VIOLET, 
BEDDING 


cornuta 






Apr. 
until 




PANSY 








frost 


"Deep 
blue" 


AUTUMN 
ACONITE, 


**Acon!tum 
autumnale 


Large drooping helmet-shaped flow- 
ers in spikes. Foliage dark green and 


3-5 ft. 

Sun or 


Mid. 
July to 


56 


MONKS- 




deeply cut. The roots are poisonous. 


shade 


mid. 




HOOD OR 




Very pretty for the border or rock- 




Sept. 




WOLFS- 




garden. Prop, by division. Prefers 








BANE 




a rich soil. N. China. 






"Blue" 


STORK'S 


*Aconitum 


Dwarf var. of A. Cammarum. 


3-4 ft. 


July. 




PURPLE 


Cammarum 


Closed helmet-shaped flowers, not 


Sun or 


"A 

Aug. 




WOLFBANE 


var. 


very numerous, in spikes. Roots 


shade 








Storkianum 


poisonous. Border. Prop, by divi- 










A. Storkia- 


sion. Rich soil preferable. European 










num, A. in- 


Alps. 










termedium 








"Deep 


TRUE 


**Aconitum 


Ornamental plant. Large and 


3-4 ft. 


Mid. 


purple 
blue" 


MONKS- 
HOOD, 


Napellus 

A. pyr ami- 


showy helmet-shaped flowers, grow- 
ing in racemes on erect stems. Leaves 


Sun or 
shade 


July to 
early 


near 49 


OFFICINAL 


dale, 


deeply cut. Roots and flowers poi- 




Sept. 




ACONITE 


A. Tauricum 


sonous. Pretty for borders and rough 












places. Prop, by division. Rich soil 












preferable. Europe; Asia; N. Amer. 






"Blue" 
61 


GLAND 
BELL- 


*Aden6phora 
communis 


Rather large drooping bell-shaped 
flowers in panicles which rise above 


2-2$ ft. 

Sun 


July to 
mid. 




FLOWER 


A. Fi sober i, 


the leaves. Border. Prop, by seed 




Aug. 






A. lili flora, 


and cuttings. Rich loam. Temp. 










A. lilii folia 


Asia; W. Europe. 







345 



BLUE 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Light 
blue" 


POTAN- 

NINPS 


*Aden6phora 

Potannini 


Bushy plant. Spikes of nodding 
bell-shaped flowers, similar to Cam- 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


July, 
Aug. 


61 duller 


GLAND 




panula. Foliage springing mostly 








BELL- 




from the root. Good for mixed bor- 








FLOWER 




der. Should not be disturbed when 












established. Prop, by seed and cut- 












tings in spring. Rich loam. Tur- 












kestan. 






"Sky 


AZURE 


Allium 


See page 250. 




June, 


blue" 51 


ONIONWORT 


azureum 






July 


"Deep 


LEAD 


*Am6rpha 


Beautiful shrub of the Pea family 


1-3 ft. 


Early 


blue" 


PLANT 


cane*scens 


with clustered spikes of flowers. Fo- 


Sun 


July to 


49 






liage very hoary and small. Excel- 




early 








lent for shrubbery, rock-garden or 




Aug. 








border. Prop, by seed, cuttings and 












layers. Well-drained soil. Southern 












U. S. A. 


( 




"Blue" 


CAPE 


*Anchusa 


See page 142. 




Late 


54 


ALKANET 


Cape*nsis 






May to 












early 












July 


"Blue" 


ITALIAN 


*Anchusa 


See page 142. 




Late 


54, buds 
41 


ALKANET 


Italica 






May to 
mid. 












July 


"Pale 


TUFTED 


*Campa'nula 


See page 145. 




May to 


blue" 


HAIRBELL 


caespitosa 






Aug. 


62 lighter 












"Pale 
blue" 


HAIRY 
GARGANO 


*Campnula 
Gargdnica 


Tufted trailing plant, hairier than 
the type. Numerous flowers, shading 


3-6 in. 
Half 


July 


46 


HAIRBELL 


var. hirsuta 


to white in the centre, in loose racemes 


shade 










on pendent stems. Pretty when hang- 












ing over rocky ledges. Prop, by cut- 












tings in spring or by division. Rich 












well-drained loam. Italy. 






"Pur- 


GREAT 


*Campanula 


See page 253. 




June to 


plish 


BELL- 


latifolia 






early 


blue" 46 


FLOWER 








Aug. 


"Pur- 


CHIMNEY 


* *Campdnula 


Striking plant. Numerous open 


4-6 ft. 


July. 


plish 
blue" 


CAMPA- 
NULA, 


pyramidalis 


bell-shaped flowers close to the stem, 
in long spikes. Best treated as bien- 


Sun 


Aug. 


48 


STEEPLE 




nial. Effective in border or in isolated 








BELL- 




clumps. Protect in winter. Prop, by 








FLOWER 




seed, division or cuttings. Rich loam 












well-drained. Australia. 






"Light 


SARMATIAN 


*Camp6nula 


Masses of velvety nodding light 


I -2 ft. 


July 


blue" 


BELL- 


Sarmitica 


blue flowers in clusters. Gray leaves, 


Sun 




bet. 
46&S2 


FLOWER 


C. gummifera 


wrinkled and hairy. Border. Prop, 
easily by seed. Rich loam, well- 












drained. Caucasus. 






"Blue" 


FREMONT'S 


*Cle*matis 


Plant of erect habit. Profusion of 


I -2 ft. 


July, 


53 


CLEMATIS 


Fremonti 


flowers which are generally drooping. 


Sun 


Aug. 








Pretty in border or rock-garden. 












Winter mulching desirable. Prop, by 












seed, cuttings, grafting or layers. 
Rich deep soil. Western U. S. A. 







346 



BLUE 



JULY 



V 

Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


UNDIVIDED- 


*Cle*matis 


See page 253. 




Mid. 


60 


LEAVED 


integrifolia 






June 




VIRGIN'S 








to 




BOWER 








Aug. 


"Blue" 


MUSK 


*Delphinium 


See page 253. 




June, 


61 


LARKSPUR 


Brunonianum 






July 


"Blue" 


CAROLINA 


*Delphmium 


Racemes of flowers varying to 


I*-2*ft 


July 


62 


LARKSPUR 


Carolinianum 


white. Good for cutting. Second 


Sun 








D. a^ureum, 


bloom possible if first flowers are cut 










D. virescens 


off. Deeply divided foliage. Attrac- 












tive in border. Prop, in spring or 












autumn by seed, division or cuttings; 












transplant every 3 or 4 years. Deep 












rich soil, sandy and loamy. U. S. A. 






"Blue" 


CAUCASIAN 


*Delphinium 


See page 253. 




June, 


60 


LARKSPUR 


Caucasicum 






July 


"Blue" 


BEE 


**Delphmium 


See page 253. 




June 


61 


LARKSPUR 


elatum 






to 






D. alpinum, 






Sept. 






D. pyramid ale 








"Blue" 


ORIENTAL 


**Delphfnium 


See page 253. 




June, 


usually 


LARKSPUR 


r onn6sum 






July 


54 












"Blue" 
62 


GREAT- 
FLOWERED 
LARKSPUR 


**Delphinium 
jrandifldrum 
D. Sinense 


Beautiful compact racemes of large 
flowers good for cutting. Deeply di- 
vided foliage. Very attractive in bor- 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


July, 

Aug. 








der. Prop, in spring or autumn by 












seed, division or cuttings. Deep rich 












soil, sandy and loamy. Siberia. 












Var. fiore-pleno, (var. bybridum 












ftore-pleno)', double flowered. Hort. 






"Blue" 


HYBRID 


**Delphinium 


See page 254. 




[une, 


62 or 54 


LARKSPUR 


lybridum 






fuly 


"Blue" 


MAACK'S 


*Delphinium 


Flowers blue and deep violet in 


3 ft. 


fuly 


S4&47 


LARKSPUR 


Maackianum 


loose panicles. Divided foliage. If 


Sun or 










the plant is cut back it will flower 


half 










again. Effective in the border. Prop. 


shade 










by seed, division or cuttings. A friable 












or sandy soil, well enriched. Siberia. 






"Deep 


LARGE- 


*Dracoceph- 


See page 254. 




une, 


blue" 


FLOWERED 


alum 






uly 


effect 46 


DRAGON'S- 


jrandiflorum 










HEAD 


D. Altaiense 








"Blue" 
46 


RUYSCH'S 
DRAGON'S- 


*Dracoce*ph- 

alum 


Belongs to the Sage family. Flow- 
ers in whorls. Foliage lance-shaped. 


2 ft. 

Half 


uly 




HEAD 


Ruyschiana 


Neat border plant, also good for rock- 


bade 










garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Rich sandy loam. Enjoys moisture. 












Siberia. 






"Blue" 


LOFTY 


*EchJnops 


Coarse thistle-like biennial differing 


5-7 ft. 


uly, 


50 & 


GLOBE 


exaltatus 


from other species in its erect stem. 


Sun 


Aug. 


cream 


THISTLE 




Simple flowers in globe-shaped heads. 












Handsomely cut foliage and silvery 












stems. Good to naturalize and to 








. 




plant among shrubs. Prop, by divi- 












sion or cuttings. Any soil. Russia. 







347 



BLUE 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Steel 


RITRO 


**Echinops 


Curious . plant somewhat resem- 


2-3 ft. 


July, 


blue" 


GLOBE 


Ritro 


bling a Thistle with flowers in globe- 


Sun 


Aug. 


53 colder 


THISTLE 




shaped heads and silvery and bluish 












foliage spiny and downy. Effective 












in wild garden or among shrubs, also 












with other bold plants in the border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Ordinary 












soil. S. Europe. See Plate, page 349. 












**Var. tenuifolius, (E. Rutbemcus); 












(color no. 53 to 56), the best Globe 












Thistle. S. Russia. 






"Pale 


ROUND- 


*Echinops 


A fine tall species. Woolly thistle- 


5-7 ft. 


H 


blue" 52 


HEADED 


sphaeroce"ph- 


like plant. Flowers in globe-shaped 


Sun 




greenish 


GLOBE 


alus 


heads, sometimes white, on white 








THISTLE 




stems. Handsome silvery spiny foli- 












age. Plant in wild garden and shrub- 












bery with Bocconias, Eryngiums, etc., 












or naturalize. Prop, by division and 












cuttings. Ordinary soil. Europe. 






"Bright 


ALPINE SEA 


*Ery"ngium 


Odd thistle-like plant. Especially 


i -3 ft. 


1C 


blue" 


HOLLY 


alpinum 


decorative from its steel blue stems 


Sun 




53 






and involucres. One of the most beau- 












tiful of the genus. Oblong flower- 












heads, 3 in. across, from spreading 












blue involucres. Leathery spiny 












leaves. Excellent for subtropical 












effect and in the border. Prop, by 












seed and division. Light soil prefer- 












able. Pastures, Swiss Alps. 






"Ame- 


AMETHYST 


**Ery"ngium 


See page 254 and Plate, page 349. 




June 


thyst 


SEA HOLLY 


amethy"sti- 






to 


blue" 




num 






early 


63 lighter 










Sept. 


"Blue" 


BOURGAT'S 


*Ery"ngium 


Bluish foliage decorative and pun- 


1-2 ft. 


Mid. 


63 


ERYNGO 


Bourgati 


gent. Oval flower-heads with large 


Sun 


July to 








involucres. Spiny leaves deeply divid- 




early 








ed. Pretty in the border or massed in 




Sept. 








rock-garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Soil, light and sandy. Pyrenees. 






"Blue" 


DANEWEED, 


Ery"ngium 


Foliage ornamental and peculiar. 


I -2 ft. 


" 


63 lighter 


HUNDRED 


campiistre 


Roundish flower-heads in panicles. 


Sun 






THISTLE 




Deeply divided spiny leaves. Pretty 












for subtropical effect in the border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Light 












sandy soil. Europe. 






"Blue" 


FLAT- 


**Ery"ngium 


Roundish flower-heads on steel blue 


.- 3 ft. 


J^y. 




LEAVED 
ERYNGO 


planum 


stems. Large spiny thistle-like 
leaves, divided or whole. Excellent 


Sun 


Aug. 








for subtropical effect in the border. 












Prop, by seed and division. Soil 












light and sandy. E. Europe; N. Asia. 






"Pur- 


ORIENTAL 


*Galega 


Graceful free - growing shrubby 


2-4 ft. 


July 


plish 


GOAT'S RUE 


orientalis 


plant. Pea-shaped blossoms in dense 


Sun 




blue" 






racemes. Good for cutting. Wild 






46 






garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil, preferably rich loam. 












Caucasus. 







348 



I 




349 





350 



LARGE SMOOTH BEARD-TONGUE. Pentstemon glaber. 



BLUE 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 
blue" 


WILLOW 
GENTIAN 


*Gentiana 

asclepiadea 


Flowers in racemes covering nearly 
the whole length of the stems. Bor- 


6- 1 8 in. 
Half 


July to 
early 


59 lighter 






der or rock-garden. Prop, by division 


shade 


Sept. 








or very slowly by seed. Leave undis- 


or shade 










turbed. Rich moist soil. S. Europe. 






"Violet" 


IBERIAN 


Geranium 


See page 254. 




June 


blue" CRANES- 


Ibericum 






to 


46 light 


BILL 








Sept. 


"Dark 


DUSKY- 


Geranium 


See page 254. 




Early 


blue" 


FLOWERED 


phseum 






June 




CRANES- 








to mid. 




BILL, 








July 




MOURNING 












WIDOW 










"Blue" 


MEADOW 


*Geranium 


See page 257. 




June 


46 bluer 


CRANES- 


prate"nse 






to 




BILL 








Sept. 


"Light 


HAIR- 


*Globularia 


See page 146. 




Late 


blue"- 


FLOWERED 


tricosantha 






May to 


52 deep 


GLOBE 








Aug. 


& dull 


DAISY 










"Blue" 


GLOBE 


*Globularia 


See page 257. 




June to 


53 


DAISY 


vulgaris 






Sept. 


"Blue" 


EASTERN 


**Iris 


See page 257. 




June, 




SIBERIAN 


Sibirica var. 






early 




IRIS 


orientalis 






July 






/. S. var. san- 












guinea, I. S. 












var. hamato- 












phylla, I. h., 












I. s. 








"Light 
blue" 
52 dull 


SHEP- 
HERD'S OR 
SHEEP 


*Jasi6ne 
pere"nnis 


Plant of compact habit. Globe- 
shaped flowers in profusion. Foliage 
in tufts. Border, rock-garden or as 


i ft. 
Sun or 
half 


Early 
July to 
early 




SCABIOUS, 
SHEEP'S 




edging. Easily cultivated. Prop, by 
seed and division. Any well-drained 


shade 


Aug. 




BIT 




garden soil. Mts., Central and S. 












Europe. 






"Blue" 


AUSTRIAN 


*Linum 


See page 258. 




June 


61 


FLAX 


Austriacum 






to 






L. perenne 






Sept. 






var. A. 








"Blue" 


PERENNIAL 


**Linum 


See page 149. 




Mid. 


54 lighter 


FLAX 


pere*nne 






May to 












Aug. 


"Blue" 


NOOTKA 


*Lupinus 


See page 150. 




Late 


62 


LUPINE 


Nootkate*nsis 






May to 


greener 










early 












July 


"Light 


COMMON 


*Lupmus 


See page 258. 




June, 


blue" 


WILD 


pere*nnis 






July 


bet. 


LUPINE 










47&S2 













351 



BLUE 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


EVER- 


*Myos6tis 


See page 153. 




May to 


57 


FLOWERING 


palustris 






Sept. 




FORGET- 


var. 










ME-NOT 


sempe*rflorens 








"Blue" 


LARGE- 


Nepeta 


See page 261. 




Late 


53 


FLOWERED 


Macrantha 






June to 




CATMINT 








early 












Sept. 


"Pur- 


LARGE 


*Pentstemon 


See page 261 and Plate, page 350. 




June, 


plish 
blue" 


SMOOTH 
BEARD- 


glaber 
P. Gdrdoni, 






early 
July 


46 


TONGUE 


P. specibsus 








"Lilac 


LARGE- 


Pentstemon 


See page 261. 




Early 


blue" 


FLOWERED 


grandifldrus 






Juneto 


46 


BEARD- 








early 




TONGUE 








July 


"Pur- 


SHOWY 


**Pentste- 


See page 261. 




Early 


plish 


PENTSTE- 


mon 






June 


blue" 


MONOR 


spectabilis 






to mid. 


46&41 


BEARD- 








July 




TONGUE 










"Pur- 


MICHELI'S 


*Phyteuma 


See page 261. 




Late 


plish 


HORNED 


MicheTii 






June, 


blue" 


RAMPION 








July 


46 dull 












"Blue" 
often 56 


BALLOON 
FLOWER, 


**Platyc6don 
jjrandifldrum 


A shrubby plant with large showy 
open bell-shaped flowers, 2-3 in. 


1-3 ft. 

Sun or 


Early 
July to 




JAPANESE 


Campanula 


across, very numerous at the summit 


shade 


Oct. 




BELL- 


irandiflora, 


of erect leafy stalk. Very attractive 








FLOWER 


Wahlenbergia 


for the border or rock-garden. There 










grandiflbra 


are white and variegated vars. Prop. 












in the spring by seed or early division. 
Well-drained loamy soil. China; 












Japan. 












Var. ftore-pleno; double form, July 
and August. Var. Japonicum, (P. 
Japonicum); more numerous flowers 












and more bushy habit. Var. Mariesi; 












(color no. 49, 53 or 56 and white), 












denser. Stronger habit than the type, 












about i ft. high; flowers equally large, 
purple, lavender, blue or white. 












Japan. 






"Pale 


DWARF 


**Polem6- 


See page 261. 




fune, 


blue" 


JACOB'S 


nium humile 






My 


52 


LADDER 


P. Rtcbard- 












sonii 








"Azure 


HIMA- 


*Polem6nium 


See page 261. 




Late 


blue" 


LAYAN 


re"ptans 






May to 




VALERIAN 


var. Hima- 






early 






ayanum 


, 




J u iy 






P. grandiflb- 












rum, P. caru- 












'eum var. g. 









352 



BLUE 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


HAIRY 


Ruellia 


Hairy or downy plant sometimes 


lift. 


Early 


47 


RUELLIA 


ciliosa 


erect, sometimes straggling. Flowers 


Sun 


July 








1-2 in. long, single or in clusters. Good 




to late 








for wild garden. Prop, by seed and 
division. Light soil. U. S. A. 




Aug. 


"Blue" 


MEALY 


*Salvia 


Dense growing flowers of two dis- 


2-3 ft. 


July. 


46 lighter 


SAGE 


farinacea 


tinct shades, branching out from the 
stalks in pairs forming elongated 


Sun 


Aug. 








whorls. Pretty in border. Protect in 












winter. Prop, by seed, flowering early 












the first season. Any soil. Texas. 






"Deep 


MEADOW 


**Salvia 


See page 262. 




June, 


violet 


SAGE 


prate*nsis 






early 


blue" 










July 


near 47 












"Blue" 


PINCUSHION 


**Scabi6sa 


See page 262. 




June, 


53 light 


FLOWER 


Caucasica 






July 


"Pale 


GRASS- 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 262. 




June 


blue" 


LEAVED 


graminifdlia 






:o 


often bet. 


SCABIOUS 








Oct. 


43 & 44 












"Bluish" 


WOODLAND 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 262. 




Early 


near 39 


SCABIOUS 


sylv&tica 






June 


paler 










:o late 












Sept. 


"Pur- 


BAICAL'S 


*Scutellaria 


Alpine plant of neat half - erect 


9-12 in. 


July, 


plish 


SKULLCAP 


Baicale'nsis 


habit, with an abundance of velvety 


Sun 


Aug. 


blue" 




S. macrdntba 


flowers in long racemes. Desirable 






near 49 






for rock-garden or border. Prop, by 












division. Siberia. 






"Deep 


COMMON 


**Statice 


An effective plant bearing clusters 


lift. 


ii 


blue" 


SEA 


limbnium 


of tiny flowers in numerous spikelets. 


Sun 




46 


LAVENDER, 
MARSH 


S. marUima 


Large leathery leaves spring from the 
root. Excellent in rock-garden and 








ROSEMARY 




border and for cutting. Prop, by 












seed and division. Deep rich soil. 












Europe; N. Africa. 






"Blue" 


MARSH 


Swe*rtia 


Small star-like flowers varying to 


6-12 in. 


[ uly 


50 


FELWORT 


pere"nms 


white, in spikes well above the low 


Shade 










tuft of leaves. Bog or rock-garden. 












Prop, by seed and division. Moist 












soil. Europe; Asia; N. Western 












U. S. A. 






"Blue" 


PRICKLY 


S^mphytum 


See page 154. 




-ate 


32> turns 
61 


COMFREY 


aspe"rrimum 






Way to 
mid. 












uly 


"Blue" 


AUSTRIAN 


*Ver6nica 


Plant of erect vigorous habit. 


I $-2 ft. 


Larly 


53 


SPEEDWELL 


Austriaca 


Flowers in showy racemes. Pretty in 


Sun 


uly to 








border. Any good garden soil. Prop. 
by seed and division. S. Eastern 




arly 
Aug. 








Europe; Asia. 






"Blue" 


HOARY 


**Ver6nica 


See page 262. 




Ylid. 


46 


SPEEDWELL 


incana 






une 






y. cdndida, 






o late 






y. neglecta 






uly 



353 



BLUE, PARTI-COLORED, VARIOUS JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Light 
blue" 50 


COMMON 
SPEEDWELL 


Verdnica 
officinalis 


See page 1 54. 




May to 
Aug. 


"Bright 


SPIKE- 


**Ver6nica 


See page 262. 




Early 


blue" 


FLOWERED 


spicata 






June, 


61 duller 


SPEEDWELL 








July 


"Blue" 


BROAD- 


Verdnicum 


See page 263. 




June, 


near 47 


LEAVED 


Teucrium 






July 




HUNGARIAN 


var. latifdlia 










SPEEDWELL 










Parti- 


FRENCH OR 


**Canna vars. 


See color "various," page 357. 




July 


colored 


CROZY 








to late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


Parti- 


ITALIAN 


**Canna vars. 


See color "various," page 358. 




M 


colored 


CANNA 










Parti- 
colored 


DAHLIA 


**Dahliavars. 


See color "various," page 359. 




July 
to late 












Oct. 


6 shading 


GREAT- 


**Gaillardia 


See page 263. 




June 


from 19 


FLOWERED 


aristata 






to 


to 14 


GAILLAR- 


G. grandi- 






Nov. 




DIA 


ftora 








Parti- 
colored 


SWORD 
LILY 


**Gladiolus 
vars. 


See color "various," page 365. 




July to 
Oct. 


Outside 


BROWN'S 


**Lilium 


Hardy and vigorous species recom- 


3-4 ft. 


July. 


27 deeper 


LILY 


Br6wni 
L. Japdnicum 
var. Brdwnii 


mended to beginners. A beautiful 
Lily with 2 fragrant partly drooping 
trumpet-shaped flowers with recurved 


tfyj 

shade 


Aug. 








petals, 7-8 in. long, white within and 












violet-purple without. Deep green 












foliage. Excellent in border or among 












low shrubs. Lift and replant every 
few years. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 












sets or scales. Rich well-drained 












peaty soil. Avoid direct contact with 












manure. Japan. See Plate, page 355. 






44 & 11 


ALPINE 
TOAD- 


Linaria 

alpina 


Dense spreading plant forming a 
silvery tuft, covered with small snap- 


4-6 in. 
Sun 







FLAX 




dragon-like flowers of violet with 












orange on the lower lip. Pretty for 












rock-garden. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Of easy culture in any light 












soil. Alps. 






Parti- 


DOUBLE 


*Potentflla 


See page 263. 




June, 


colored 


HYBRID 


hjrtmda 






July 




CINQUE- 


vars. 










FOIL 










Various 


LONG- 


*Acanthus 


See page 264. 







often 21 


LEAVED 


longifdlius 










BEAR'S 












BREECH 










Various 


BEAR'S 
BREECH, 
CUTBER- 


**Acanthus 

mollis 


Flowers, white to purple, in loose 
spikes. Grown for the large shapely 
foliage in clump at base of plant. 


c 3 *' 
Sun 


July, 

Aug. 




DILL 




Ornamental for border and rock-gar- 








SEDOCKE 




den. Prop, by seed and division. 












Light well-drained soil. S. Europe. 







354 




BROWN'S LILY. Lilium Browni. 



355 





356 



HOLLYHOCK. Althcca rosea. 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


VERY 
PRICKLY 
BEAR'S 


**Acanthus 
spinosissimus 


Flowers, white to purple, in loose 
spikes. Scanty dark green and prickly 
foliage. Protect in winter. Effective 


3-4 ft. 

Sun 


July. 

Aug, 




BREECH 




for border and rock-garden. Prop. 












by seed, or division in spring or au- 












tumn. Light soil well-drained and 












rich. S. Europe. 






Various 


PRICKLY 


**Acanthus 


Flowers, white to purple, in com- 


3-4 ft. 


14 




BEAR'S 


spindsus 


pact spikes. Deeply-cut prickly 


Sun 






BREECH 




leaves. See A. spinosissimus. S. 












Europe. 






2, 34, 35, 


HOLLY- 


**Alth2ea 


A well known and stately biennial. 


5-8 ft. 


(( 


22, 27, 
white, 


HOCK 


rosea 


Large flowers, white, pale yellow, pink, 
or red, in long spikes which require 


Sun 




etc. 






staking. Foliage mostly in a clump 












at base of plant. Deep cultivation, 












much manuring, and watering in dry 












weather ensure the best results. Sub- 












ject to fungus disease; Bordeaux mix- 












ture should be used in the earliest 












stages. Cover with manure in winter. 












There is no plant more effective in rows 












against houses and garden walls or in 












clumps at back of border. Prop, by 












seed, eyes, cuttings or division. Rich 












loam well drained. China. See Plate, 












page 356. 






Usually 


WILD 


Asarum 


See page 264. 




Late 


21 or 2 


GINGER, 


Canade*nse 


* 




June to 




CANADA 








early 




SNAKEROOT 








Aug. 


36, 39, 


CANTER- 


**Campanula 


See page 264. 




Late 


47, 48, 


BURY 


Medium 






June, 


43,45,etc. 


BELLS 








July 


48, or 


NOBLE 


**Campanula 


See page 264. 




Mid. 


white 


BELL- 


nobilis 






June 


spotted 


FLOWER 








to 


with 45 










Aug. 


Various 


FRENCH OR 
CROZY 


**Canna vars. 


A large-flowered group. Vigorous 
plants of dwarf compact growth, with 


1^-4 ft. 
Sun 


July 

to late 




CANNA 




large spikes of brilliant flowers, con- 




Sept. 








tinue in bloom, sometimes from the 












last of June if started indoors. Foli- 












age in many shades of color and of 












tropical effect in groups and masses. 












Plant bulb in spring when danger of 
frost is over. When the foliage with- 












ers dig up the bulb, dry in open air, 
and store in dry cellar. Prop, by divi- 












sion of rootstock. Light soil, rich, 












deep and moist. The following are 












some of the best vars.: 












Red vars. Admiral Dewey or Tar- 












rytown; (color no. bet. 1 1 & 12 deeper), 












beautiful for bedding; large spikes of 












deep red flowers, green foliage. An- 












toine Cro^y; (color nos. 18 brilliant 







357 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








& 5), flowers rich carmine, leaves 












green. President McKinley; flaming 












crimson scarlet; large spikes. Presi- 












dent Cleveland; (color no. 19 more 












orange), beautiful crimson. Sir 












Thomas Lipton; very large flower 












spikes; rich crimson. 












Parti-colored vars. Charles Hen- 












derson; (color no. 18 redder), crimson 












and gold flowers. E. G. Hill; (color 












no. 17 brilliant), "scarlet mottled with 
carmine." Florence Vaugban; yel- 












low flowers beautifully spotted; very 












desirable. Madame Cro^y; (color 












nos. 1 8 & 5), brilliant crimson-scarlet 












margined with golden yellow. Queen 












Charlotte; (color nos. 18 duller & 












pinker & 5), scarlet, edged with yel- 












low. Roslindale; (color no. 5 & center 












12), large spikes of golden flowers va- 












riegated with carmine. Very desir- 












able. Souvenir Antoine Cro^y; (color 












no. 17 slightly redder), large flowers, 












vermilion margined with deep golden 












yellow, very effective. Yellow Bird; 












(color no. 6 light), deep yellow, lower 












petals slightly mottled ; profuse 












bloomer. 






Various 


ITALIAN 

CANNA 


**Cnna vars. 


Vigorous tropical foliage plant, un- 
branched, taller than the French 


3-4* ft. 
Sun 


July to 
late 








Canna and having longer bloom. 




Sept. 








Short-lived flowers in irregular ra- 












cemes terminating stout stalks. Oc- 












casionally begins to blossom in June 












if started indoors. Largely grown for 












its handsome foliage. Plant in for- 












mal garden or group among shrubs. 












After frost dig up the roots and re- 












plant in spring, when there is no longer 












danger of excessive cold. Prop, by 












division of root stock. Light rich 












moist soil. Among the best vars. are: 












Yellow vars. Golden Sceptre; (color 












no. 5), deep rich yellow. 












Red vars. America; (color no. 13 












lighter and yellower), large brilliant 












red flowers, dark red leaves. La 












France; (color no. 16 deeper), glow- 












ing orange-scarlet, glossy dark foliage. 












Pluto; (color no. 18 yellower), large 












flowers, deep scarlet. 












Parti - colored vars. Alemannia; 












(color no. 1 1 & 3 edge), large scarlet 
flowers margined with yellow; broad 












leaves. Aphrodite; deep yellow flow- 












ers spotted with salmon-pink; green 












foliage. Edouard Andre; (color no. 












17 mottled with n), flowers flaming 












red with orange spots. H, Wendland; 







358 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








(color no. 12 & 3 edge), very large 












flowers, outer petals scarlet edged with 












gold, inner petals brilliant red with 












yellow centres; wide green leaves. 












Oceanus; (color no. 13 brilliant & 4 












edge), outer petals fiery red, margined 












with golden yellow, inner petals scar- 












let; leaves green. Pandora; (color 












no. 1 8 with 4), rich red flowers bor- 












dered and blotched with gold. 






36, 31, 


RED 


^Chrysan- 


See page 264. 




June, 


27, 32 


CHRYSAN- 


themum 






July 




THEMUM 


coccineum 












Pyretbrum 












bybridum, 












P. rdseum 








Various 


CACTUS 


**Dahlia 


One of the most strikingly beautiful 


3-6 ft. 


Late 




DAHLIA 


vars. 


of tall plants. The flowers with 
twisted petals are sometimes single 


Sun 


July 
to late 








but usually double. The opalescent 




Oct. 








coloring of those shading from yellow- 
ish to pinkish tints is especially fine. 












Excellent planted in single or double 












rows. Prop, best by root division or 












cuttings. Plant tubers in late May 












or June, about 3 feet apart in sheltered 












spots in any soil, not too clayey, 












though best rich and deep. House in 












winter. Dahlia Juarezi is the parent 












of the Cactus Dahlia. Mexico. See 












Plate, page 361. 












White vars. *Eva; 4 ft. Keynes' 












Wlnite; "ivorv white." 5 ft. *Lord Rob- 












erts; Miss Webster; "pure white. "4 ft. 












Mrs. A. Pearl; "creamy white." 4 ft. 












Yellow vars. Artus; "orange buff." 












4 ft. Florence; "yellowish orange." 












H. F. Robertson; "deep pure yellow." 












4 ft. Mrs. De Lucca; (color no. 3 to 












9), orange yellow. Mrs. Freeman 












Thomas; "clear yellow shading to 












light orange." 3 ft. Mrs. H. J. All- 












croft; "soft orange buff." 4 ft. 












Pink and Red vars. Ajax; (color 












no. 16 brilliant & 17), "orange suf- 












fused with salmon and buff." 4 ft. 












* Britannia; (color no. 24 pale), sal- 












mon pink, free bloomer. 4ft. **Clara 












G. Stredwick; (color no. bet. 1 5 & 29), 












clear bright salmon shading to yellow 












at base of petals. Large flowers with 












extremely narrow petals of great 












length. 3 ft. *Countess of Lonsdale; 












(color no. 24 richer and deeper), a 












blending of salmon and amber shades. 












3 ft. Exquisite; (color no. bet. 16 & 












17), bright scarlet tinted with salmon. 
3 ft. Fire Brand; (color no. 19 red- 







359 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








der to 20), rich vermilion shading 












deeper. Galliard; (color no. 19 red- 












der), a true cardinal. 3ft. * Kriem- 












hilde; (white with color no. 30), "soft 












Apple-blossom pink with white cen- 












tre." 3 ft. Lady Ed. Talbot; terra 












cotta shaded with salmon. *Mary 












Service; (color no. 24 deep to 31 












lighter), apricot shading into orange, 












margin purplish rose. 4 ft. Mon- 












arch; (color no. 24 deep, also 26 more 












orange), orange-red tipped with ma- 












genta. 3 ft. Queen Wilbelmina; 












(color no. 33 & deeper), deep pink. 
Viscountess Sherbrook; (centre color 












no. ii shading from 15 to 18), "bright 












terra cotta suffused with apricot." 












3 ft. 












Dark Red or Maroon vars. Aunt 












Cbloe; 3 ft. */ H. Jackson; (color 












no. 28 dark), flowers with long narrow 












petals on long stems. 4 ft. King of 












Siam; 4 ft. * Matchless; (color no. 28 












dark), 4 ft. Mr. Moore. Night. 












Uncle Tom; (color no. 28 dark). 4 ft. 












Magenta vars. Austin Cannel; (col- 












or no. 33 brilliant), rose-crimson shad- 












ing lighter at margin. 4 ft. 
Purplish vars. Emperor; (color no. 












26 bluish), indescribable Plum color 












shading at base of petal to yellow. 












3^ ft. Island Queen; (color no. 40 to 












47), purplish mauve. 3^ ft. 












Parti-colored vars. Alpha; (white 












with markings color no. 48), white 












speckled and striped with purple- 












crimson and lilac. 4 ft. Columbia; 












(white dashed with color no. 18), pure 












white tipped with vermillion. 4 ft. 






Various 


COLLEP- 


*Dhlia vars. 


Collerette Dahlias are single and 


4-6 ft. 


-ate 




ETTE 




distinguished by the circle of short 


Sun 


fuly 




DAHLIA 




petals around the disk. Prop, best by 




to late 








root division. Plant the tubers 1^-3 




Oct. 








ft. apart, in sheltered spots in any 












rich soil not too clayey. See Cactus 












Dahlia. 












Var. Joseph Goujon, deep scarlet, 
clear yellow collar. President Viger; 












(color no. 20 deeper), rich claret with 












lighter edges, and white collar. 2$ ft. 






Various 


DECORA- 


**Ddhlia 


Decorative Dahlias resemble the 


4-6 ft. 


<t 




TIVE 


vars. 


earlier form of Cactus Dahlia, with 


Sun 






DAHLIA 




broader flatter petals which do not 












roll backward. Plant i* to 3 ft. 












apart. For prop, and cultivation see 
Cactus Dahlia. See Plate, page 362. 












Vars. Admiral Dewey; royal pur- 












ple. Black Beauty; deep maroon. 







360 




CACTUS DAHLIA. 






362 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 

Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Bronze Beauty; large red-bronze. 












Lemon Giant; lemon-yellow. 5 ft. 












Lyndhurst; (color no. 20 lighter), 












bright scarlet. 5 ft. Mephisto; ver- 












milion. Nymphaa; (white to 38 pale), 












shrimp-pink, shaded darker. 5 ft. 












Perle; white. 3 ft. Sundew; orange- 












scarlet. Wm. Agnew; (color no. 19 












brighter), bright red. Wilhelm Mil- 












ler; purple, free blooming. 4 ft. 












Zulu; (color no. 28 deeper), blackish 












red. 5 ft. 






Various 


FANCY 


**Dahlia 


Fancy, Show and Pompon Dahlias 


3-6 ft. 


Late 




DAHLIA 


vars. 


belong to the same category, differing 


Sun 


July 








chiefly in size. The flowers are quilled 




to late 








and form symmetrical balls. Prop. 




Oct. 








most easily by root division or cut- 












tings. Plant the tubers i to 3 ft. 












apart, in sheltered spots in any rich 












soil not too clayey. Dahlia rosea is 












the parent of these Dahlia. 












Large-flowered vars. Admiral 












Schley, crimson, shaded maroon, each 












petal striped with white; 3ft. Buffalo 












Bill; deep golden orange, striped red; 
4 ft. Frank Smith; (color no. 35 












very deep, tipped with pale pink), 












rich deep purplish maroon, almost 












black, tipped with pale pink; 5 ft. 












Judah; pale yellow shading to old 












gold, marked with deep crimson. 












Eloise; (white to color no. 36 with 












petals tipped 33), white shading to 












blush-pink, with red margins; 4ft. 












Olympia; (color no. 33 brighter), very 












large bright pink flowers, marked 












with crimson; 4 ft. Lucy Fawcett; 












(color no. 2 faintly marked 33 light), 












sulphur-yellow, marked with pinkish 












red; 5 ft. Lottie Eckford; (marked 












with color no. 43 warmer and 33 












lighter), white, marked with pink 












and crimson; 3 ft. Penelope; white 










> 


tinged with lavender near the margin. 












Striped Banner; rich bright red, 












white striped. 






Various 


POMPON 


*Dahlia vars. 


Prop, best by root division. Plant 


3-5 ft- 


< 




DAHLIA 




the tubers i to 3 ft. apart in any 


Sun 










rich soil, not too clayey. The Dahlia 












rosea is parent. 












Vars. Catherine; (color no. 3), 












yellow; 3 ft. Elegante; (bet. color 












nos. 30 & 27, tinged deeper), pink 












shaded deeper and lighter; 2^ ft. 












Le Petit Jean; plum color. Little 












Beauty; (32 brighter), shrimp-pink; 
excellent cut flower. Little Naiad; 












rose-lake tinged with crimson. Little 







363 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Prince; (26 deeper and white), red 












with white tips; 3 ft. Lou Kramer; 












yellow and pink, red tipped; 3 ft. 












Snowdad; white, very small; 2^ ft. 












Sunshine; bright scarlet; 3 ft. 






Various 


QUILLED 


**Dhlia 


Prop, most easily by root division 


4-6 ft. 


Late 




DAHLIA 


vars. 


or cuttings. Plant in sheltered spots 


Sun 


July 








in any rich soil not too clayey. Plant 




to late 








the tubers i to 3 ft. apart. Quilled 




Oct. 








are often given under the head of 












both Decorative and Show Dahlias. 












See Plate, page 362. 












Vars. A. D. Livoni; (color nos. 












32 to 38), clear pink; 4 ft. Grand 












Duke Alexis; ivory white tinged with 












white near the edges; 4^ ft. Kaiser 












Wilhelm; (5 lighter and softer), old 












gold with scarlet tips. Queen Vic- 












toria; (color no. 3), deep yellow; 4 ft. 












Ruth; white faintly tinged with pink 












near the centre. 






Various 


SHOW 


**Dahlia 


Large compact flowers of two or 


3-6 ft. 







DAHLIA 


vars. 


more colors, double to the centre. 


Sun 










Prop, best by division. Plant the 












tubers i to 3 ft. apart in sheltered 












spots in any rich soil not too clayey. 












When frost destroys the stems lift the 












plant and keep over winter in dry cellar. 
Plant in May when there is no danger 












of frost. Dahlia rosea is the parent. 












See Plate, page 362. 












Vars. Arabella; (color no. 36 with 












2 centre), primrose, tinted with old 












rose and lavender; 4 ft. John Ben- 












nett; (color nos. 18 & 8), golden yel- 












low tipped with red; 3 ft. John 












Walker; (color no. 2 pale), white. 












La Phare; rich scarlet. Mrs. Dexter; 












(color no. 16 pinker), deep salmon 












pink. Miss May Loomis; white 












tinted with rose. Black Diamond; 












black changing to black maroon. 












Pink Dandy; pink. Red Hussar; 












cardinal-red. Queen of the Belgians; 












(white to 36), delicate pale pink. 












Queen of Yellows; (color no. 3), clear 












yellow. Thos. White; (color no. 28 












darker), deep maroon. 






Various 


SINGLE 


**Dalilia 


Prop, most easily by root division 


4-6 ft. 







DAHLIA 


vars. 


or cuttings. Plant the tubers i $ to 












3 ft. apart in sheltered spots in any 












rich soil not too clayey. Dahlia 












rosea is parent. 












Vars. Anemone; white. Annie 












Hughes; (color no. 26 with 3 light 












centre), carmine with yellow centre. 












Gold Standard; very large deep yel- 












low. Juno; white tipped with rose, 







364 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








yellow centred. Mrs. Bowman; (color 












no. 3 to white), solferino. Polly Ec- 










/ 


cles; fawn colored, red centred. Sun- 












set; (color no. 4 warmer tinged 18), 












yellowish. Black Bird; maroon-black 












each petal spotted with red. Danish 












Cross; carmine each petal having a 












white central band. Gaillardia; golden 












yellow, red near the centre. Lustre; 












rose shaded lighter near the centre. 












Record; yellow, tinged with scarlet. 






Often 


SCARLET 


Dahlia 


Bushy plant with erect rather slen- 


2-5 ft. 


July to 


33 dark 


DAHLIA 


coccmea 


der grayish stems bearing large single 


Sun 


ear'ly 








flowers having yellow centres and rays 




Oct. 








recurved at the margin. Vars. yellow 












and orange. They should be staked. 












Dahlias are one of the most effective 












garden plants and are handsome in 












rows. Store roots in a dry cellar 












after frost kills the plant; 'set out 












preferably in June or July. They take 












six weeks to come to flower. Prop. 












by division; each tuber must have an 












eye, therefore start growth before 












dividing; cuttings, seed and grafting. 
Good sandy soil not too rich, for 












strength may go to foliage. Mexico. 






Various 


VON 


Dahlia 


Plant of low spreading habit. 


2-3 ft. 


M 




MERCK'S 


Me-rckii 


Branching flower stems bearing single 


Sun 






DAHLIA 


D. glabrata 


flowers, often lilac, with yellow centres 












and short recurved rays which rise 2 or 












3 ft. above the foliage, which is particu- 












larly finely cut and handsome. Stake 












the plants. See D. coccinea for 












further information. Mexico. 






Often 


COMMON 


Dahlia 


Color variable, flowers single and 


2-5 ft. 


M 


17 dark 


DAHLIA 


variabilis 


double. Vars. white and yellow. 


Sun 








D. rosea 


Hairy or smooth grayish or green 












stems. Leaves entire or in two divi- 












sions. Parent of most garden kinds. 












See D. coccinea for further informa- 












tion. Mexico. 






62,57 


CHINESE 


**Delphinium 


See page 267. 




une, 




LARKSPUR 


jjrandifldrum 






uly 






var. 












Chine^se 








33,34, 


SWEET 


**Dianthus 


See page 267. 







35, etc. 


WILLIAM 


>arbatus 








Usually 
bet. 


COMMON 
FOXGLOVE 


**Digitalis 
purpurea 


See page 267. 




une, 
arly 


32 & 39 




D. tomentbsa 






uly 


Various 


SWORD 
LILY 


**Gladiolus 
vars. 


Conspicuous spikes of lily-like flow- 
ers which last long when cut. Sword- 


3-4* ft. 

Sun 


uly to 
Oct. 








shaped leaves. Plant at intervals 












from early spring until July to secure 












succession of bloom. Striking and 












very desirable in border. When the 







365 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








foliage dies, dig up the bulb, dry in 












open air and store in dry cellar. P"rop. 












by seed or by small bulb at base of 












parent bulb. Any garden soil, pref- 












erably rich moist sandy loam. Cape 








* 




Colony; Natal. See Plate, page 367. 












Named hybrids. White vars. 












Angele; very effective. Snow-Wlite; 












beautiful pure white, with a faint line 












of rose on the lower petal. 












Pink vars. Madame Monneret; del- 












icate rose pink. Pyramide; large 












well-opened flowers, bright orange- 












rose. Surprise, purplish rose, very 












late blooming. 












Red vars. *Brenchleyensis; bril- 












liant vermilion-scarlet. Flamboyant; 












large flowers, flaming scarlet. 
Parti-colored vars. Agatha; dashed 












with lilac-carmine, spotted with clear 












yellow. Apollon; rose-lilac, with 












large rose spot, and centre striped 
with white. Baucis; large rose flow- 












ers, slightly tinted with salmon, 
blotched with purplish red. Calypso; 












flesh-colored rose, dashed with rose 












and mottled with carmine. Ceres; 












snow-white and mottled with purplish 












rose. Crepuscule; large spikes of 












lilac-rose flowers, suffused with car- 












mine and edged with violet. Eldo- 












rado; yellow, lower petals marked 












with red. Fatima; cream-white 












streaked with rose - salmon and 












blotched with violet. Grandesse; 












large well expanded flowers, pinkish 






' 






white, touched with lilac, blotched 






' 






with carmine. La France; (24 deeper 












& 3), cream-white with carmine edge 












and purplish blotch. Leviathan; 












large flowers, delicate rose, streaked 












with carmine and blotched with pur- 












ple. May; large spikes of pure white 












flowers, spotted with rose-crimson. 












Mr. Jansen; fine spike of large rose- 












carmine flowers, edged and slightly 












streaked with purplish red, and 












blotched with cream color. Neron; 












tall spike of round flowers, deep crim- 












son, touched with deep blood-red and 












violet. Ophir; dark yellow blotched 












with purple. Pepita; creamy yellow 












streaked with pink. Phcebus; (18 












brilliant), vivid red strikingly blotched 













with white. Schiller; sulphur-vellow, 












with large carmine blotch. Titania; 












beautiful spike, creamy salmon dashed 












with cherry-red. Van Dael; very 












large flowers, light salmon-pink near 







366 




367 





368 



JAPANESE IRIS. Iris /<T:->.*M. 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Narhe 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








the centre, streaked blood-red at the 












petal edges. 












Gladiolus Childsi. Red vars. 












Cardinal; (color bet. nos. 19 & 20), 












orange red. *Deborab; (color nos. 












1 8 & 19 brighter), scarlet-vermilion, 












with large clear white centre. *Gov. 












McCormick; (color no. 18), scarlet 












vermilion with a white and cardinal 












red centre, (color no. 20). *Ne{in- 












scott; (effect color no. 1 8), scarlet-ver- 












milion. Saratoga; (effect color no. 












19), orange scarlet. 












Pink vars. America; (color no. 












36), pale pink, centre deeper (color 












no. 33 brighter). Harlequin; (color 












no. 36), pale pink dashed with ma- 












genta (color no. 31). */rene; (color 












nos. 36 to 38 lighter), pale pink with 












dark centre (color no. 27). * Little 












Blush; (effect color no. 36), pale pink, 












outer edge dark (color no. 32), with 












yellow centre (color no. 2). Lydia; 












(color nos. 36 & 37 to 27 brighter, 












effect 36 spotted with 27), pink with 












reddish spots. Mrs. R. A. Gold- 












smith; (effect color no. 23 deeper), 












rose-pink with white centre. *Sibo- 












ney; (color nos. 36 to 39), pink vary- 












ing to heliotrope, with 'crimson edge 












(color no. 33). ^Splendor; (color no. 












bet. 24 & 26), deep pink, crimson 












centre (color no. 33). 












Gladiolus Gandavensis. White vars. 












Augusta; (color no. 32), purplish 












white with small purplish pink centre. 
Yellow vars. Canary Bird; (color 












nos. 2 greenish & i), greenish yellow. 












Sunshine; (color nos. 2 greenish & i), 












lemon-yellow. 












Red vars. * Contrast; (color no. 












1 8 darker), scarlet-vermilion with 












large clear white centre. 












Pink vars. Ajax; (color no. 36), 












light pink edged with old-rose (color 












no. 25). Chaumont; (color no. 36 to 












27 deeper on edge), pink. Eugene 












Scribe; (color no. 36), light pink 












edged with rose-red (color no. 27). 












* Octoroon; (effect color no. 22), light 












salmon-pink, spotted slightly with a 












deeper shade (color no. 30) with 












centre turning to pale yellow (color 












no. i) dashed with crimson (color 












no. 33). 






Various 


JAPANESE 


**Iris 


See page 267 and Plate, page 368. 




fune, 




IRIS 


laevigata 






[uly 






I. Kcempferi 









369 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


'ime of 
Bloom 


Bet. 


BITTER- 


Lewisia 


See page 268. 




une, 


3S&44 


ROOT, 


ediviva 






uly 


or white 


PATULUM 










1 spotted 


WILD 


**Lilium 


See page 268. 




<i 


brown, 


FELLOW OR 


Canade*nse 








11 to 14 


CANADA 












LILY 










Often 33 


MULLEIN 


*Lchnis 


See page 268. 




(c 


brilliant 


PINK, 


Coronaria 










DUSTY 


AgrosUmma 










MILLER, 


7. 










ROSE 


C. tomentosa 










CAMPION 










White, 
2, 44 


COB^EA 
BEARD- 


> entstemon 
Cobsea 


Few-flowered panicle of large flow- 
ers with narrow tube and broad flat 


15-18 in. 
Sun 


M 




TONGUE 




top, varying in shades from white to 












purple. Thick leaves. Suitable for 












border, rock-garden and margin of 












shrubbery. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Requires protection. Any soil. 












S. Western U. S. A. 






Various 


LARGE OR 


Petasites 


See page 272. 




M 




JAPANESE 


'ap6nica 










PETASITES 


var. gigantea 








Various 


EARLY 


*Phl6x 


See page 272. 




U 




SUMMER 


glabe*nima 










FLOWERING 


var. 










PHLOX 


suffruticbsa 








Various 


WILD 


*Phlox 


See page 272. 




M 




SWEET 


maculata 










WILLIAM 










Various 


PERENNIAL 
PHLOX 


**Phl6x 
paniculata 


Sturdy erect plant forming clumps 
2-3 ft. across. Dense panicles of flow- 


2-3 ^ ft. 

Sun 


fuly to 
Oct. 






vars. 


ers often i ft. long; garden vars. 










P. decussata 


range through all colors except yel- 












low. One of the best plants for bril- 












liant effects forming a striking mass 












of color in border or edge of shrubbery. 












The flame-colored kinds should be de- 












tached from all except white flowers. 












Prop, by division; divide every 3 












years in late autumn. Moist rich 












soil. U. S. A. See Plate, page 373. 












The following are some of the best 












garden vars.: 












White vars. Amazon; about i$ft. 












Candeur; dwarf, large flowers. Fian- 












cee; pure white, very large flowers. 












Independence; very tall plant; large 
flowers in large spike. Ixion; (eye, 












color no. 31), small crimson eye, 












large spike. Le Cygne; pure white 
large flower and very large pyramidal 












spike. Mrs. Huerlin; pure white. 












Saisons Lierval; (eye, color no. 31), 












white, crimson eye. Tapis Wane; 












pure white. 







370 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Red vars. Coccinea; (color no. 27 












deeper & brilliant), small bright flow- 












ers in large clusters. *Coquelicot; 












(color no. 18 redder), intense orange- 












scarlet, dark crimson centre. *Et- 












na; bright, salmon-red, dark-centred. 












Flambeau ; salmon-red. Monta- 












gnard; (color no. 38 brilliant), deep 












crimson, dark-centred. Ornament; 












(color no. 26 slightly redder), very 












bright light crimson. Victor; (color 












no. 27), rose-red. 












Pink vars. Bicohr; salmon-pink, 












crimson-centred. *Charles Darwin; 












(color no. 30 yellower, centre 31), 












bright salmon-pink, crimson centre, 












very large pyramidal spike. Day- 












break; (color no. 29 lighter), light 












pink. Evenement; (color no. 30 yel- 












lower & brighter), salmon-pink, pur- 












ple-centred. Gen. Chancy; (bet. 












color nos. 18 & 26), scarlet-pink, sal- 












mon tinted. James Bennett; (color 












no. 29 pale, eye 27), salmon-pink 












crimson eye. Le Soleil; (color no. 












31), crimson-pink. Lothian; rich 












salmon-crimson eye. Large spread- 












ing spike. Excellent. Mars le lours; 












(color no. 29 pale, centre 31), pink 












and white. Pantheon; (color no. 30), 












pink. Pink Beauty; (color no. 38), 
pale pink, enormous spike. *R. P. 












Struthers; (color no. 26 bright), 












crimson-pink, orange tinted, dark 












centred; very good. 












Magenta vars. Eclair -eur; (color 












no. 33 very deep & brilliant), deep 












magenta, large flowers. 












Lilac vars. Amphitryon; large, lilac 












suffused with white. Crepuscule; 












(color no. 39 lighter), very large, lilac, 












with lighter margins, crimson centred. 












Cross of Honor; lilac, white margined. 












Esperance; (color no. 40, bluer to- 












wards 41), large and beautiful, ma- 












genta-lilac shading to white. 












Purple vars. *Blue Hills; (color 












no. 48 deeper to 55), intense violet. 












Huxley; (color bet. nos. 40 & 41, cen- 












tre white), deep purple-magenta with 












white centre. Iris; deep magenta 












purple, crimson centred. Le Mahdi; 












(color bet. nos. 40 & 41), bright deep 












velvety purple flowers in large clus- 












ters. Lord Rayleigh; (color no. 47), 












effect blue, dark violet, centre purple. 












Wm. Ramsey; (color no. 40 very deep) 












velvety flowers, deep purple-magenta, 
dark centre; fine spike. 







371 



VARIOUS 



JULY 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Often 

bet. 


SAGE 


Salvia 
officinalis 


See page 273. 




June, 
early 


46 & 47 










July 


Often 
39 or 38 


EGYPTIAN 
OR GYPSIES' 


*Scabi6sa 
arve*nsis 


See page 273. 




Early 
June 




ROSE 








to mid. 












Aug. 


25, 42, 
lighter, 


PURPLE 
MULLEIN 


*Verbascum 
phceniceum 


See page 273. 




June, 
July 


white 




V. ferrigi- 












neum 








Various 


PANSY, 
HEART'S- 


**Viola 
tricolor 


See page 273. 




Mid. 
Apr. to 




EASE 








mid. 




-'>". 


..:'"' 






Sept. 





372 




373 




374 



" A SHADY WALK IS PLEASANT IN AUGUST 



AUGUST 


WHITE TO GREENISH 


Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


SNEEZE- 


Achillea 


See page 167. 




June 




WORT 


Ptarmica 






to mid. 












Sept. 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


**Achillea 


See page 167. 




June 




SNEEZE- 


Ptarmica var. 






to Oct. 




WORT 


"The Pearl" 








"White" 


SIBERIAN 


*Achillea 


See page 274. 




Julv 




MILFOIL 


Sibirica 






to Oct. 




OR YARROW 


A. Mongolica, 












A. ptarmi- 












coides 








"Nearly 


WHITE 


**Aconitum 


See page 274. 




Mid. 


white" 


MONKS- 
HOOD OR 


Napgllus 
var. album 






July to 
early 




OFFICINAL 


A. pyramid ale 






Sept. 




ACONITE 


var. a., 












A. Tailricum 












var. a 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Adenophora 


See page 274. 




July, 




POTANIN- 


Potaninni 






Aug. 




NPS GLAND 


var. alba 










BELL- 












FLOWER 










"White" 


ST. 


*Anthe*ricum 


See page 274. 




Mid. 




BERNARD'S 
LILY 


Liliago 






July to 
early 












Aug. 


"White" 


BOUQUET 
STAR- 


*Aster 
ptarmicoides 


See page 277. 




July, 
Aug. 




FLOWER, 
YARROW- 


Cbrysopsis 
alba 










LEAVED 












STARWORT 










"White" 


TALL 
FLAT-TOP 
WHITE 
ASTER 


*Aster 
umbellatus 

Doellingeria 
umbellata 


Showy plant. Flowers large. Foli- 
age long and narrow. Good for natu- 
ralizing in half shady places. U.S.A. 


7ft. 
Half 
shade 


Late 

Aug. to 
early 
Oct. 


"Pinkish PLUME 


**Bocc6nia 


See page 277. 




Early 


white" 


POPPY 


cordata 






[uly to 






B. Japonica 






early 












Aug. 


"White" 


ASTER- 


*Bolt6nia 


Plant resembling the Aster in growth 


2-8 ft. 


Late 




LIKE 


asteroides 


and flower; effect, however, is more 


Sun 


Aug. 




BOLTONIA 


B. glastifolia 


feathery. Covered in blooming sea- 




to mid. 








son with flowers varying to purple. 




Oct. 








Attractive in rough places or in mixed 












border, associated with Asters, etc. 












Prop, by division. Any soil. Central 












U. S. A. See Plate, page 377. 







375 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


WOAD- 


**Bolt6nia 


Blossoms about one month earlier 


4-5 ^. 


Aug., 




LEAVED 


glastifoiia 


than B. asteroides and is smaller and 


Sun 


Sept. 




BOLTONIA 




weaker. Flowers with yellow centres. 












Pale green foliage. Prop, by division. 












Any soil. N. Amer. 






"White" 


WHITE 


"""Campanula 


See page 171. 




Late 




CARPA- 


Carpatica 






June 




THIAN 


var. alba 






to late 




HAIRBELL 








Aug. 


"White" 


WHITE 
TURBAN 


**Campnula 
Carpdtica var. 


See page 278. 




July to 
Sept. 




BELL- 


turbinata alba 










FLOWER 


C. /. var. a. 








"White" 


MILK- 


*Campinula 


See page 278. 




July. 




WHITE 


lactiflora 






Aug. 




BELL- 












FLOWER 




' ftpfe| 






"White" 


WHITE 


^Campanula 


See page 278. 




ii 




CHIMNEY- 


pyramidalis 










PLANT OR 


var. alba 










STEEPLE 












BELLS 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Camp6nula 


See page 171. 




June 




BLUE 


rotundifdlia 






to 




BELLS OF 


var. alba 






Sept. 




SCOTLAND 










"White" 


WOLVES'- 


Carlina 


Low dwarf plant. Flower-heads, 


3-9 in. 


Aug. 




THISTLE 


acaulis 


sometimes 6 in. wide, surrounded by 


Sun 










petal-like scales, scarcely borne above 












the thistle-like leaves. Good rock- 












garden plant. Prop, by seed in spring, 
or cuttings. Any garden soil. Europe. 






"Cream 


TARTARIAN 


*Cephalaria 


See page 278. 




Early 


white" 


CEPHA- 


Tatarica 






July, 




LARIA 




* 




Aug. 


"Cream 


WHITE 


*Chel6ne 


See page 281. 




July. 


white" 


SMOOTH 


glabra 






Aug. 




TURTLE 


C. obliqua 










HEAD 


var. alba 








"White" 


SHASTA 


*Chrysanthe- 


See page 173. 




[une 




DAISY 


mum 













"Shasta 






Sept. 






Daisy" 








"White" 


GIANT 
DAISY 


**Chrysan- 
themum 


A fine plant forming a dense up- 
right bush branching above with a 


4-5 ft. 
Sun 


Aug., 
Sept. 






uliginosum 
Pyretbrum 
uligindsum 


profusion of large, single, rayed and 
yellow-centred flowers, about 2} in. 
across, in lax clusters. Leaves pale 










, : 


green. Good for cutting. Needs 












plenty of water. Blooms the first 








'--'= . ..- . " ~ : . i 




year from seed; prop, also by divi- 








'''%- 




sion, cuttings or suckers. Rich loam, 












moist and heavy. Hungary. 







376 




ASTER-LIKE BOLTONIA. Boltonia asteroides. 



377 



UNIVERSITY 




378 



WHITE SNAKE-ROOT. Eupatorium ageratoides. 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms v 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


AMERICAN 
BUGBANE 


Cimicifuga 
Americana 


Flowers of disagreeable odor in long 
terminal racemes. Handsome foli- 


2-4 ft. 
Sun or 


Aug. 






Actcea 
prodocdrpa 


age. Plant against dark background 
in some shaded spot. Prop, by seed 


half 
shade 






y 




and division. Any good soil. Alle- 












ghany Mts. 






"Creamy 
white" 


BLACK 
SNAKEROOT 


*Cimicifuga 
racemosa 


See page 281. 




July, 

early 






C. serpentaria 






Aug. 


"White" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See page 359. 




Late 






vars. 






July 












to late 












Oct. 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Delphinium 


See page 282. 




July, 




LARGE- 


jrandifldrum 






Aug. 




FLOWERED 


var. album 










LARKSPUR 










"White" 


CYCLAMEN 


Eomecon 


See page 282. 









POPPY 


chionantha 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Epil6bium 


See page 177. 




fune to 




GREAT 


angustifdlium 






early 




WILLOW 


var. album 






Aug. 




HERB OR 


E . spicatum 










FIRE WEED 


var. a. 








"White" 


HORSE- 


Srigeron 


See page 177. 




fune 




WEED, 


Canade*nsis 






:o 




BUTTER- 








Sept. 




WEED 










"White" 


RATTLE- 


Eryngium 


See page 177 




fune 




SNAKE- 


aquaticum 











MASTER, 


E. yuccccfo- 






Oct. 




BUTTON 


ium 




' 






SNAKE- 












ROOT 










"White" 


WHITE 
SEA HOLLY 


)lanum var. 


See page 283. 




r uly to 
mid. 






album 






Aug. 


"White" 


WHITE 
SNAKE- 


upat6rium 
ageratoides 


Bushy native plant found in woods. 
Flower-heads small, but numerous, 


3-5 ft. 

Sun 


Aug., 
Sept. 




ROOT 




in flat clusters, covering the plant with 
masses of bloom. Good for cutting. 












Border or naturalization. Prop, by 












division or cuttings. Any ordinary 






. 






soil. Eastern N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 378. 






"White" 


TALL THOR- 


Eupatorium 


See page 283. 




uly, 


OUGHWORT altfssimum 
ORBONESETJ 






Aug. 


"White" 


THOROUGH- Eupatbrium 


See page 283. 




it 




WORT, 
BONESET, 


perfoliatum 










INDIAN 












SAGE 










"White" 


FLOWERING Euph6rbia 


See page 283. 









SPURGE 


corollata 









379 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Sititation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pure 


SUBCOR- 


*Funkia 


See page 283. 




July, 


white" DATE 


subcordata 






Aug. 




DAY LILY 


F. alba, F. 












corddta, F. 












Japonica, 












F. liliiftora, 












F. macrdntha 








"White" 


LARGE- 


**Funkia 


Large fragrant tubular flowers in 


I -2 ft. 


Late 




FLOWERED subcordata 


spikes project above the mound of 


Half 


Aug., 




SUBCOR- |var. 


large leaves. Effective along walks or 


shade 


Sept. 




DATE grandifldra 


in the margin of shrubbery. Prop, by 








PLANTAIN ! F. alba var. g., 


division, sometimes by seed just ripe. 








LILY F. lilhftdra 


Rich moist soil. Japan. 








var. g. 








"White" 


WHITE OR Galium 


See page 178. 




Early 




GREAT 


Mollugo 






June 




HEDGE 








to late 




BEDSTRAW, 








Aug. 




WILD 












MADDER 










"White" 


SYLVAN 


*Galium 


See page 284. 




July, 




BEDSTRAW 


sylvaticum 






Aug. 


"White" 


CAPE OR 


**Galtonia 


See page 284. 




M 




GIANT 


c&ndicans 










SUMMER 


Hyacintbus 










HYACINTH 


cdndicans 








"White" 


WINTER- 


Gaultheria 


See page 284. 




July, 




GREEN, 
CHECKER- 


proctimbens 






Aug. 




BERRY 












BOXBERRY 










"White" 


WHITE 


*Gentiana 


Terminal clusters of dull tubular 


i-i}ft. 


Aug. 




GENTIAN 


alba 


flowers tinted with green or yellow. 


Half 










Cool locations in rock-garden or bor- 


shade 










der. Prop, very slowly by seed, ako 












by division. Leave undisturbed. 












Light moist soil, rich and sandy. N. 












Amer. 






"White" 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See page 365. 




[ulv tO 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Green- 


RATTLE- 


Goodyera 


See page 285. 




July, 


ish 


SNAKE 


pubescens 






Aug. 


white" 


PLANTAIN 










"Pinkish POINTED- 


*Gyps6phila 


See page 285. 




Mid. 


white" 


LEAVED 


acutifdlia 


- 




[uly 




CHALK- 








to late 




PLANT 








\ug. 


"Pinkish 4 BABYS **Gyps6phila 
white" BREATH paniculata 


See page 285. 




[uly, 
Aug. 


"Green- HERNIARY, ^Herniaria 


See page 285. 




M 


ish" RUPTURE- glabra 








WORT 








"White" WHITE 


Heuchera 


See page 179. 




fune 


CORAL 


sangumea 






to late 




BELLS 


var. alba 






Sept. 






H. alba 









380 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Whit- 


HAIRY 


Heiichera 


See page 179. 




Late 


ish" 


ALUM 


villdsa 






June to 


faintly 32 SROOT 


H. caulescens 






Sept. 


"White" WHITE 


*Hibiscus 


One of the best kinds of this vig- 


4 ft. 


Aug., 


SWAMP 


Moscheutos 


orous plant. Native along sea-coast. 


Sun or 


Sept. 




ROSE OR 
ROSE 


var. albus 
H. palustris 


Large open flowers like single Holly- 
hocks, 4-8 in. across and borne close 


half 
shade 






MALLOW 


var. albus 


to the stem. Leaves large and hand- 












some. Winter mulch desirable. Hand- 












some in groups in border or shrub- 












bery. Prop, by seed. Any good loam, 
preferably sandy. N. Amer. 






"White" 


CRIMSON 


*Hibiscus 


A handsome variety. Wide open 


3-5 ft- 


M 




EYE 


Moscheutos 


flowers sometimes 7 in. across, pure 


Sun or 






SWAMP 


var. 


white with velvety crimson eye, and 


half 






ROSE 


"Crimson 


bronze tinted foliage. See H. M. var. 


shade 








Eye" 


albus. N.J. 






"White" 


GOLD- 


**Lflium 


See page 286. 




Mid. 




BANDED ORauratum. 






July to 




JAPAN LILY 








mid. 












Aug. 


"White" 


HEART- 
LEAVED 


*Lflium 
cordifolium 


Vigorous plant. Funnel-shaped 
flowers, 3-5 in. long, marked with 


3-4 ft. 
Sun or 


Aug., 
Sept. 




LILY 




purplish brown within, are borne 


half 










in racemes. Red-tinged leaves. 


shade 










Rather hard to grow. Bulbous. Prop. 












by scales or offsets. Light well- 












drained vegetable soil. Avoid direct 












contact with manure. Japan. 






"White" 


GIANT LILY 


*LQium 


See page 286. 




July, 






giganteum 






early 












Aug. 


"White" 


COMMON 


*Lflium 


See page 286. 




M 




TRUMPET 


longinorum 










LILY 










"White" 


GREAT 


**Lobelia 


Handsome variety. Flowers in 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 




WHITE 


syphilitica 


long spikes. Leaves almost stemless 


Sun 


Aug. 




LOBELIA 


var. alba 


on the flower stalks. For damp 




to Oct. 








grounds or bogs. Prop, by seed or 












cuttings. Hort. 






"White" 


DOUBLE 


*Lf chnis alba 


See page 289. 




Mid. 




WHITE OR 


var. 






July to 




EVENING 


flbre-pleno 






mid. 




CAMPION 


L. vespertina 






Sept. 






var. f.-p. 








"White" 


SINGLE AND 


**Lchnis 


See page 180. 




June 




DOUBLE 


Chalcedonica 






to 




WHITE 


vars. alba & 






early 




MALTESE 


alba plena 






Aug. 




CROSS 










"White" 




WHITE 
MUSK 


*Malva 
moschata 


See page 289. 




July to 
early 




MALLOW 


var. alba 






Sept. 



38, 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


*Matricaria 


See page 183. 




June 




SCENTLESS 


inodora var. 






to 




CAMOMILE 


plenissima 






Sept. 






M. i. var. 












ligulbsa, var. 












multiplex, M. 












granaiftbra, 












Chrysanthe- 












mum i. var. 












flore-pleno 








"Yellow- 


BALM 


Melissa 


See page 183 




June to 


ish 




officinalis 






early 


white" 










Aug. 


"White" 


SHOWY 


*(Enothera 


Shrubby plant. Large broad flow- 


If* ft. 


Aug., 




PRIMROSE 


speciosa 
Hartmdnnia 


ers which turn pink, borne freely. 
Very attractive in rock-garden or bor- 


Sun 


Sept. 






specidsa 


der. Prop, by seed, which blooms 
first year, division or cuttings. Any 
soil. S. Western U. S. A. 






"White" 


WHITE 


Ononis 


See page 290. 




Mid. 




REST- 


arve"nsis 






July to 




HARROW 


var. alba 






early 






O. spinosa 






Aug. 






var. dlba 








"White" 


WHITE 
ICELAND 


**Papaver 

nudicaule 


See page 184. 




Late 

Apr. to 




POPPY 


var. album 






mid. 












June, 












late 












Aug., 












Sept. 


"White" 


AMERICAN 


Parthenium 


See page 184. 




June 




FEVERFEW, 


integrifdlium 






to 




PRAIRIE 








Sept. 




DOCK 










"White" 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x pani- 


See page 370. 




July to 




PHLOX 


culata vars. 






Oct. 






P. decussata 








"White" 


WHITE 


Physostegia 


See page 290. 




Early 




FALSE 


Virginiana 






July to 




DRAGON- 


var. alba 






Sept. 




HEAD 


P. yirginica 












var. dlba 








"White" 


WHITE 


**Platyc6don 


See page 187. 




June 




BALLOON 


grandifldrum 






to 




FLOWER 


var. album 






Oct. 






Campanula g. 












var. a., Wab- 












hnbergia g. 












var. a. 









382 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green- 
ish 


SACALINE 


Polgonum 

Sachaline"nse 


Flowers inconspicuous, in drooping 
clusters. Leaves dull green, often 


8- 1 2 ft. 

Sun or 


Late 
Aug., 


white" 






i ft. long, and very numerous. Re- 


shade 


Sept. 








quires plenty of room and may spread 
too much. Most effective in rough 












grounds or near water. Prop, by seed, 












sown in permanent position, and by 
division. Any garden soil. Island of 












Sachalian. 






"White" 


JAPAN 


Pol^gonum 


A smaller species than P. Sacha- 


3-5 ft. 


Aug., 




KNOTWEED 


Sieboldi 


linense and a freer bloomer. Quick- 


Sun 


Sept. 






P. cuspid a- 


growing and useful. See P. Sacha- 










turn, P. 


linense. Japan. 










Zuccairnii 








"White" 


PEARL- 


Sagina 


See page 291. 




July. 




WORT 


subulata 






Aug. 






5. pilifera, 












Spergula p., 












S. subulata 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 189. 




Early 




WOODLAND 


sylvatica var. 






fune 




SCABIOUS 


albiflora 






:o late 












Sept. 


"White" 


WHITE 


**Scflla 


A free bloomer. Open bell-shaped 


i-i^ft. 


Aug. 




HYACINTH 


hyacinthoides 


flowers in many-flowered racemes. 


Sun or 






SQUILL 


var. alba 

S. parvi flora 


Long and narrow foliage. Charming 
in the border or rock-garden. Bul- 


half 
shade 








var. dlba 


bous. Prop, by offsets. Light soil 












enriched with manure. Mediterra- 












nean Region. 






"Cream 


WHITE 


*Sedum 


See page 291. 




Mid. 


white" 


STONECROP 


album 






July 












to late 












Aug. 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Sedum 


One of the best Sedums. Flowers 


I $-2 ft. 


Late 




SHOWY 
SEDUM 


spectabile 
var. album 
5. Fabaria 
var. dlbum 


in large, showy clusters surmount 
leafy stems. Glaucous grayish foliage. 
Very hardy. Good for massing in 
rock-garden. Prop, by division. 
Ordinary garden soil. Japan. 


Sun 


Aug. 
to mid. 
Sept. 


"White" 


WHITE 


Statice 


See page 292. 




July, 




COMMON 


Limbnium 






Aug. 




SEA 


var. alba 










LAVENDER 












OR MARSH 












ROSEMARY 










"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


Thymus 


See page 193. 




iarly 




WILD 


Serpyllum 






[une 




THYME 


var. montanus 






:o mid. 






T. montanus, 






Aug. 






T. Chamcedrys 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Trades- 


See page 94. 




^ate 




SPIDER- 


cantia 






May 




WORT 


Virginiana 






to late 






var. dlba 






Aug. 



383 



WHITE, YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Whit- 
ish" 


GREAT 
VIRGINIAN 


*Ver6nica 
Virginica 


Strong, upright plant, more or less 
downy. Numerous flowers in tall 


2-6 ft. 

Sun 


Early 
Aug. 




SPEED- 


Leptdndra 


spike-like racemes. Effective in bor- 




to 




WELL, 
CULVER'S 


Virginica 


der though of somewhat coarse ap- 
pearance. Rich soil preferable. East- 




early 
Sept. 




ROOT 




ern U. S. A. 












Var. Japonica resembles the type 












but blooms a month earlier. Japan. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Viola 


See page 23. 




Late 




HORNED 


comuta 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


var. alba 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"Yellow" 


WOOLLY- 


*Achfflea 


See page 96. 




Late 


5 


LEAVED 


toment6sa 






May to 




MILFOIL 








mid. 












Sept. 


"Pale 


EGYPTIAN 


AchiUea 


See page 293. 




July to 


yellow" 


MILFOIL 


Tournefdrtii 






Oct. 


4 


OR YARROW 


A. Aigyptlaca 








"Yellow" 


PALE 


*Aconitum 


See page 294. 




July to 


2 


YELLOW 


Lyc6ctonuin 






early 




WOLFSBANE 


A. barbatum. 






Sept. 






A. ochroleu- 












cum, A. 












squarrosum 








"Yellow" 


DOTTED 


Actinella 


See page 294. 




July. 


6 very 


PICRA- 


scaposa 






Aug. 


deep 


DENIA 


Picradenia 












scaposa 








"Yellow" 


CROWN- 


*Actin6meris 


See page 294. 




Mid. 


6 lighter 


BEARD 


squarrbsa 






July 

to late 












Aug. 


"Yellow" 


SILVERY 


Al^ssum 


See page 194. 




June to 


6 


MADWORT 


arge'ntium 






early 






A. alpestre 


i 




Aug. 


"Yellow" 


BEAKED 


*Al^ssum 


See page 194- 




Early 


4 


MADWORT 


rostratum 






June to 






A. Wier^- 






early 






bichii 






Aug. 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


*Anthemis 


See page 194. 




Mid. 


5 


MARGUE- 


Kelwayi 






June 




RITE 


A. tinctoria 






to 






var. Ktlwayi 






Oct. 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


*Anthemis 


See page 96. 




Mid. 


2, 


MARGUE- 


tinctdria 






May to 


centre 6 


RITE, ROCK 








Oct. 




CAMOMILE 










"Yellow" 


GOLDEN- 


**Aquilegia 


See page 96. 




Late 


3&2 


SPURRED 


chrysdntha 






May 

-, , 




COLUMBINE 


A. leptochos 
var. c. 






to late 
Aug. 


"Orange- 


MOUNTAIN 


*Arnica 


See page 294. 4 




July. 


yellow" 


TOBACCO 


montana 






Aug. 


4 


OR SNUFF 











384 



YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


ITALIAN 

CANNA 


**Cannavars. 


See page 357. 




July 
to late 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


WILD 


"Cassia 


See page 295. 




July, 


6 


SENNA 


Marylandica 






Aug. 


"Yellow" 


BLUE- 


Centaurea 


See page 295. 




(t 


5 


LEAVED 


glastifdlia 










CENTAURY 












OR STAR 












THISTLE 










"Yellow" 


SHOWY CEN- 


**Centaurea 


See page 295. 




Mid. 


5 


TAURY OR 


macroce*phala 






July to 




KNAPWEED 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 
6 


HAIRY 
GOLDEN 


Chrys6psis 
villbsa 


Rather coarse plant. Irregular 
clusters of aster-like flowers terminat- 


I -2 ft. 

Sun 


Aug. 




ASTER 




ing leafy stalks. Suitable for wild 












garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Blooms the first year from seed. Any 












garden soil. N. Amer. 












Var. Rutteri; (color no. 6), larger 












than the species, 1-3 ft. high; blooms 












later and is desirable in the border. 






"Yellow" 


ERECT 


*Cle*matis 


See page 296. 




July, 


3 


SILKY 


ochrole&ca 






Aug. 




CLEMATIS 


C. sericea 








"Yellow" 


LARKSPUR 


*Core6psis 


See page 296. 




Mid. 


6 paler 


TICKSEED 


delphinifdlia 






July to 












mid. 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


**Core6psis 


See page 196. 




June 


5 


FLOWERED 


grandifldra 






to 




TICKSEED 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


LANCE- 


**Core6psis 


See page 196. 




M 


6 


LEAVED 


lanceolata 










TICKSEED 










"Yellow" 


STAR 


*Core6psis 


See page 296. 




Mid. 


6 deeper 


TICKSEED 


pube*scens 
C. auriculata 






July 
to late 












Sept. 


"Clear 
yellow" 


TALL 
TICKSEED 


*Core6psis 
tripteris 


Vigorous branching plant with 
large, rayed flowers. Broad leaves 


4-8 ft. 
Sun 


Aug. 
Sept. 


5 






divided into 3 parts. Showy in the 












border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. Central U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


WHORLED 


*Core6psis 


See page 296. 




July, 


6 paler 


TICKSEED 


verticiUata 






Aug. 






C. tenui folia 








"Yellow" 


DAHLIA 


**Dihlia 


See page 359. 




July 






vars. 






to late 












Oct. 


"Yellow" 


LADY'S 


Galium 


See page 198. 




June to 


4 


BEDSTRAW 


verum 






Sept. 


"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


Gentiana 


See page 299. 




July, 


5 


GENTIAN 


lutea 






Aug. 



385 



YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


SWORD 


**Gladlolus 


See page 365. 




July to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Yellow" 


BROAD- 


Grindelia 


See page 198. 




Late 


4 


LEAVED 


squarrosa 






June 




GUM- 








to 




PLANT 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 
5 deeper 


SNEEZE- 
WEED, 
FALSE OR 


**Helenium 

autumnale 
H. grandi- 


Striking plant. Daisy-like flowers 
with prominent yellow centres and 
drooping petals with 3-5 teeth. Valu- 


3-5 ft. 

Sun 


Aug. 
to late 
Sept. 




SWAMP 


fldrum 


able for back row of border or margin 








SUN- 




of shrubbery. Prop, by seed, division 








FLOWER 




or cuttings. Moist rich soil, prefer- 












able. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


**Helenium 


Taller than the type with larger 


2-6 ft. 


Aug., 


bet 5 & 6! FLOWERED 


autumuale 


flowers of deeper color; deeper cen- 


Sun 


Sept. 




SNEEZE- 


var. 


tres. See H. autumnale. N. Amer. 








WEED 


grandiflbrum 








"Yellow" 


DWARF 


**Helenium 


Dwarf variety, vigorous and free- 


I -2 ft. 


u 


6 


SNEEZE- 


autumnale 


flowering. Daisy-like flowers with 


Sun 






WEED 


var. pumilum 


prominent yellow centres and droop- 
ing petals. Good for cutting. See H. 












autumnale. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


TALL 


**Helenium 


Vigorous plant. Flowers on leafy 


2-6 ft. 


it 


5 


SNEEZE- 


autumnale 


branching stalks, with bright reflexed 


Sun 






WEED 


var. supe*rbum 
H. grandiflo- 


petals, and protruding yellow cen- 
tres. Suitable for shrubbery and 










rum var. 


mixed border and excellent for cut- 










suptrbum 


ting. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 












tings. Loam, rich and moist. N. 












Amer. 






"Yellow" 


BIGELOW'S 


*Helenium 


See page 300. 




July. 


5 


SNEEZE- 


Bigelovu 






Aug. 




WEED 










"Yellow" 


BOLAND- 


*Helenium 


See page 198. 




fune 


6 


ER'S 


Bolanderi 






o 




SNEEZE- 








Sept. 




WEED OR 












SNEEZE- 












WORT 










"Yellow" 


PURPLE- 


*Helenium 


See page 300. 




[ uly 


5 


HEADED 


nudiflorum 






o 




SNEEZE- 


Leptopoda 






Oct. 




WEED 


bracbypoda 








"Yellow" 


NARROW- 


Helianthus 


An erect plant, slightly branching. 


2-6 ft. 


Aug. 


5 


LEAVED OR 
SWAMP 


angustifblius 


Rayed flowers 2-3 in. broad, generally 
solitary. Dark green narrow leaves. 


Sun 




^ov. 




SUN- 




Good in masses in shrubbery border. 








FLOWER 




Prop, by division; divide every 2 












years. Light, moist soil. Eastern 












States. 






"Yellow" 


THIN- 


*Helianthus 


A profusion of large, rayed flowers 


2-5 ft. 


Aug. 


5 


LEAVED 


decape* talus 


terminating branching stems. Rough 


Sun 


o late 




OR WILD 




foliage. Good in shrubbery, or for 




Sept. 




SUN- 




naturalization in wild garden. Prop. 








FLOWER 




by division; divided every 2 years. 
Dry soil, not too heavy. N. Amer. 







386 



YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Var. multiflorus; (H. multiflorus), 












double flowers. Var. multiflorus var. 












flore-pleno, flowers almost completely 
double. Var. multiflorus var. maxi- 












mus, single flowers, very large with 












pointed rays. Soleil a Or, quilled 












petals; striking in border. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


SHOWY 


Helidnthus 


Numerous single flowers 2-4 in. 


4-8 ft. 


Aug. 


5 to 6 


SUN- 


laetifldrus 


across on wiry stems. Rough leaves. 


Sun 


Sept. 


darker, 
centre 


FLOWER 




Good for cutting and in clumps in 
shrubberies. Gross feeder. Prop, by 






dull 






seed, division or cuttings. Loose dry 












soil. Central U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


SMOOTH 


*Helianthus 


Rather small flowers as produced 


2-5 ft. 


Mid. 


5 


SUN- 
FLOWER 


leevigatus 


abundantly on light graceful stems 
which are clothed with smooth leaves. 


Sun 


Aug. 
to 








Plant among shrubs. Prop, by divi- 




Oct. 








sion; divide every 2 years. Dry soil, 
not too heavy. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


HAIRY 


**Helianthus 


See page 300. 




July, 


5 


SUN- 


m611is 






Aug. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


STIFF 


*Helianthus 


See page 300. 







5 


SUN- 


rigidus 










FLOWER 


H. Missouri- 












ensis 








"Yellow" 


STIFF SUN- 


**Helianthus 


Vigorous leafy plant with large 


6ft. 


Late 


bet. 


FLOWER 


rigidus 


graceful flowers. Desirable, isolated 


Sun 


Aug. 


5 & 6 


MISS 


var. "Miss 


or massed in waste places. Prop, by 




Sept. 




MELLISH 


Mellish" 


division; divide every 2 years. Dry 












soil, not too heavy. Hort. 






"Orange 


PALE- 


Helianthus 


See page 300. 




Mid. 


yellow" 


LEAVED 


strumbsus 






July 


6 


WOOD SUN- 








to late 




FLOWER 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


WOOLLY 


Helianthus 


Large flowers with dull grayish 


4-9 ft. 


Late 


5 


SUN- 


tomentbsus 


centres, borne on stout branching 


Sun 


Aug. 




FLOWER 




stalks. Very large rough leaves. 




to late 








Plant among shrubs. Prop, by divi- 




Sept. 








sion; divide every 2 years. Dry soil, 
not too heavy. U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


THROAT- 


Helianthus 


See page 300. 




Mid. 


5 


WORT 

SUN- 


trackeliifolius 






July to 
early 




FLOWER 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


OXEYE, 


*Heli6psis 


See page 300. 




Mid. 


6 


FALSE 


lafevis 






July 




SUN- 


H. helian- 






to late 




FLOWER 


thotdes 






Sept. 


"Yellow" 


PITCHER'S 


*Heli6psis 


See page 303. 




<i 


6, 


OXEYE OR 


leevis var. 








centre 7 


FALSE SUN- 


Pitcheriana 










FLOWER 


H.P. 









387 



YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 

a nd 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


LESSER 


*Hemero- 


See page 303. 




July, 


5 


YELLOW 


callis minor 






A 

Aug. 




DAY LILY 


H. graminea, 






O 






H. gramini- 












fdlia 








"Yellow" 
1 


HOARY 
MARSH OR 


"Hibiscus 
inc&nus 


Very similar to H. Moscheutos with 
large crimson-centred flowers like 


.3-5 ft. 

Sun 


Aug., 
Sept. 




ROSE 
MALLOW 




Hollyhocks, and pretty foliage which 
is whitish beneath. Needs slight pro- 












tection. Suitable for back of border. 












Prop, by seed or cuttings. Rich moist 












soil. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


NARROW- 


Hieracium 


Flowers in umbels on erect stems 


I -2 ft. 





5 


LEAVED 


umbelUttum 


well clothed with lance-shaped leaves. 


Sun 






HAWK- 




Border plant. Any ordinary soil. 








WEED 




Northern N. Amer.; Kamtschatka; 












N. Asia; Europe. 






"Golden 


SHAGGY 


Hieracium 


See page 199. 




June to 


yellow" 


HAWK- 


villosum 






mid. 


5 


WEED 








Aug. 


"Yellow" 


AARON'S 


Hype*ricum 


See page 303. 




J^y. 


5 


BEARD, 


calycinum 






Aug. 




ROSE OF 












SHARON 










"Yellow" 
5 


KALM'S 
ST. JOHN'S 


**Hype*ricum 
EiCalmianum 


Shrub of somewhat twisted growth. 
Blossoms small in 3-7 flowered clus- 


2-4 ft. 
Shade 


Aug. 




WORT 




ters. Narrow leaves, bluish tinted. 












Valuable as a foliage plant. Prop, by 












seed, cuttings or suckers. Prefers 












sandy loam. N. Amer. 






"Vellow" 
bet. 


GOLD 
FLOWER, 


**Hype"ricum 
Moserianum 


See page 303. 




July, 

Aug. 


5 & 6 


ST. JOHN'S- 












WORT 










"Yellow" 


SWORD- 


*Inula 


See page 303. 




Mid. 


5 


LEAVED 


ensifdlia 






July to 




ELECAM- 








Sept. 




PANE 










"Deep 


GLANDULAR 


*inula 


See page 304. 




July, 


yellow" 


FLEABANE 


glanduldsa 






early 


7 


OR INULA 








Aug. 


"Yellow" 


ELECAM- 


*Inula 


See page 304. 




Mid. 


6 


PANE 


Selenium 






July 












to late 












Aug. 


"Yellow" 


TUCKS 


*Kniphofia 


See page 200. 




[une 




FLAME 


Ttickii 






:o 




FLOWER 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


GRAY- 


*Le*pachys 


See page 200. 




[une 


5 


HEADED 


pinnata 






:o 




CONE- 


Ratibida p., 






mid. 




FLOWER 


Rudbeckia p. 






Sept. 



YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


DALMA- 


*Linaria 


See page 203. 




Early 


3 


TIAN 


Dalmatica 






June to 




TOADFLAX 








early 












late 












July 

to late 












Aug. 


"Yellow" 
6 


GOLDI- 
LOCKS 


Linosyris 
vulgaris 


Showy plant of the Daisy order. 
Profuse clusters of small flowers. 


6-12 in. 
Sun 


Aug. 






Cbrysocoma 
Linosyris 


Border or rock-garden. Prop, by 
seed and division. Any garden soil. 












Europe. 






"Yellow" 


BIRD'S- 


Lotus 


See page 203. 




June 


3 


FOOT 


corniculatus 






to 




TREFOIL, 








Oct. 




BABIES' 












SLIPPERS 










"Bright 
yellow" 
6 to 7 


GOLDEN 
SPIDER 
LILY 


L^coris aurea 

Amaryllis 
aurea, 
Nerine aurea 


Large bright flowers in umbels, 
3-4 in. in diameter, appearing before 
the sword-like gray-green foliage and 
deepening in color when mature. 


1-3 ft. 


Aug., 
Sept. 








Bulbous. China. 






"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


*(Enothera 


See page 204. 




June 


3 


FLOWERED 


bie"nnis var. 






to 




BIENNIAL 


?randifl6ra 






Sept. 




EVENING 


(E. Lamarck- 










PRIMROSE 


iana 








"Yellow" 


ERASER'S 


**(Enothera 


See page 204. 




M 


3 


EVENING 


^lauca var. 










PRIMROSE 


Fraseri 












(E. Fraseri 








"Lemon 


LINEAR- 


CEnothera 


See page 204. 




June 


yellow" 


LEAVED 


inearis 






to 




EVENING 


(E. fruticdsa 






early 




PRIMROSE 


var. L, 






Aug. 






(E. rip aria 








"Yellow" 


MISSOURI 


**<Enothera 


See page 204. 




M 


3 


PRIMROSE 


Missourie'nsis 












(E. macro- 












cdrpa, Megap- 












terium M. 








"Yellow" 


TAURIAN 


Dndsma stel- 


See page 306. 




J u ty 


5 


GOLDEN 


ulatum var. 






Aug. 




DROP 


Tauricum 












O. Tauricum 








"Pale 


MANY- 


Optintia 


See page 306. 




M 


yellow" 


SPINED 


Missourignsis 








6 


OPUNTIA 


O. ferox. 












O. splendens 








"Yellow" 


WESTERN 


Optintia 


See page 306. 




M 


6 


PRICKLY 


Rafine'squii 










PEAR 


O. mesacdntha 









389 



YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Dull 


BARBERRY 


Optintia 


See page 207. 




June 


yellow" 
3 duller 


FIG, 
COMMON 


vulgaris 
O. Opuntia 






:o 
Sept. 




PRICKLY 












PEAR 










"Yellow" 


ICELAND 


**Papaver 


See page 35. 




Late 


5 or 6 


POPPY 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


brilliant 










July, 












ate 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Yellow" 


SHRUBBY 


Potentilla 


See page 207. 




[une 


3 


CINQUE- 


fruticosa 






:o 




FOIL OR 








Sept. 




FIVE- 












FINGER 










"Golden 


HYBRID 


*Potent01a 


See page 208. 







yellow" 


CINQUE- 


"Gloire de 








effect 7 


FOIL OR 


Nancy" 










FIVE- 












FINGER 










"Golden 


BACHEL- 


Ranunculus 


See page 105. 




Mid. 


yellow" 


OR'S 


acris var. 






May to 


5 


BUTTONS 


fl6re-pleno 






Sept. 


"Yellow" 


YELLOW OR 


*Rudbe*ckia 


An effective plant and the largest 


2-4 ft. 


Aug. 


5 


CALIFORNIA 
CONE- 


Califtfrnica 


flowered species. Solitary daisy-like 
flowers 5 in. across, with prominent 


Sun or 
half 


to 
mid. 




FLOWER, 
WHORTLE- 




dark centres, on erect robust un- 
branching stems. Divide frequently. 


shade 


Sept. 




BERRY- 




Prop, by seed and division. Any 








LEAVED 




garden soil. Cal. 








KNOTWEED 










"Yellow" 
5 


LARGE- 
FLOWERING 
CONE- 


*Rudbe'ckia 

grandiflora 


Solitary flowers with drooping rays 
and purplish disks, on erect branch- 
ing stalks. Long oval pointed leaves. 


2-3* ft. 

Sun 


Late 
Aug. 
Sept. 




FLOWER 




Effective in border. Ark.; S. Cen- 












tral U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


TALL OR 


*Rudbe*ckia 


See page 309. 




Mid. 


5 


GREEN- 
HEADED 


laciniata 






July 

to late 




CONE- 








Aug. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


**Rudbe*ckia 


See page 309. 




Late 


bet. 

5&6 


GLOW 


laciniata 
var. 






July 

to late 






fldre-pleno 






Sept. 


"Yellow" 


LARGE 


*Rudbe*ckia 


Flowers 4-6 in. across. Long droop- 


4-9 ft- 


Aug., 


5 


CONE- 
FLOWER 


maxima 


ing petals. Purple cone-shaped cen- 
tre, 1-2 in. high. Leaves grayish 


Sun or 
half 


Sept. 








green. Needs slight protection. 


shade 










Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Any garden soil. Ark. to Tex. 






"Yellow" 
6, brown 


SHOWY 
CONE- 


Rudb^ckia 
speci6sa 


See page 309. 




July, 

early 


centre 


FLOWER 


R. aspera 






Aug. 



390 



YELLOW 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
bet. 


SWEET 
CONE- 


**Rudbe*ckia 
subtomentdsa 


Daisy-like flowers, petals fairly nu- 
merous, sometimes darker near the 


3-5 ft. 

Sun or 


Mid. 
Aug. 


5 & 6 


FLOWER 




dull brown centre. Splendid border 


shade 


to 








plant. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 




Oct. 








tings. Any garden soil. Prairies, U. 

^ A 






"Deep 


THIN- 


**Rudbe*ckia 


See page 309. 




July, 


yellow" 


LEAVED 


trfloba 






Aug. 


6 


CONE- 












FLOWER 










"Pale 


JUPITER'S 


*Salvia 


See page 310. 




Mid. 


yellow" 
2 


DISTAFF 


glutinosa 






July to 
early 












Aug. 


"Yellow" 


WEBB'S 


Scabiosa 


See page 208. 




June 


3 pale 


SCABIOUS 


ochroleuca 






to 




OR PIN- 


S. Webbiana 






early 




CUSHION 








Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


AIZOON 


*Sedum 


See page 208. 




Mid. 


5 


STONECROP 


Aizoon 






June 












to mid. 












Aug. 


"Golden 


ORANGE 


*Sedum 


See page 310. 




July,. 


yellow" 


STONECROP 


Kamtschati- 






Aug. 


4 




cum 


: ' 






"Yellow" 


STONE- 


*Sedum 


See page 310. 




Early 


2 


HORE, 


refle*xum 






July to 


greenish 


STONE 








early 




ORPINE, 








Aug. 




TRIP- 












MADAM 










"Yellow" 


CRESTED 


Sedum 


See page 310. 







4 


STONE- 


refle"xum var. 










HORE, 


cristatum 










STONE 


5. monstrb- 










ORPINE OR 


sum, 










TRIP- 


S. robustum 










MADAM 










"Yellow" 


HENS-AND- 


*Sempervl- 


See page 310 




July, 




CHICKENS, 


vum 






Aug. 




HOUSELEEKiglobiferum 












5. soboltferum 








"Yellow" 
2 deep 


HEUFFEL'S 
HOUSELEEK 


*Sempervi- 
vum 


Evergreen plant. Somewhat bell- 
shaped flowers. Reddish succulent 


6-8 in. 
Sun 


Aug. 






Hetiffelii 


foliage in rosettes with fringed edges. 












Excellent foliage plant for rock-gar- 












den and walls. Prop, by offsets. Any 












sandy soil. Transylvania; Greece. 






"Pale 


HAIRY 


*Sempervi- 


See page 310. 




July. 


yellow" 


HOUSELEEK 


vum hirtum 






Aug. 


2 bright 













391 



YELLOW, ORANGE 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


DORIAN 


Senecio 


See page 313. 




July. 


5 


GROUND- 


D6ria 






Aug. 




SEL OR 












RAGWEED 










"Yellow" 


ROUGH 


Sflphium 


See page 313. 




July to 


5 


ROSINWEED 


aspe*rrimum 






early 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 
5 


COMPASS 
PLANT, 
PILOT 


**Sflphium 
laciniatum 


See page 313. 




Mid. 
July to 
mid. 




WEED 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


CUP PLANT, 


*Sflphium 


See page 313. 




M 


6 lighter 


INDIAN CUP 


perfoliatum 








"Yellow" 
5 


PRAIRIE 
DOCK 


*Sflphium 
terebinthin- 


Rather coarse-growing plant bear- 
ing many small blossoms like Sun- 


6-8 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
Aug. 






aceum 


flowers. Rough leaves about a foot 




to late 








long rise from the base. Effective in 




Sept. 








wild gardens or shrubbery. Prop, by 
seed and division. Any garden soil. 












Prairies, N. Amer. 












Var. pinnatifidum has deeply divi- 












ded leaves. 






"Yellow" 


WHORLED 


Sflphium 


See page 313. 




Mid. 


6 lighter 


ROSINWEED 


trifoliatum 






July to 












mid. 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN- 


*Solidago 


See page 3 13. 




Late 


5 to 6 


ROD 








July to 












early 












Oct. 


"Yellow" 


FALSE 


Thalictrum 


See page 313. 




J^ 


2 


RHUBARB, 


flavum 






Aug. 




FEN RUE 










"Yellow" 


CROCUS- 
FLOWERED 


**Trit6nia 

crocosmJe- 


See page 314. 




July to 
Oct. 




BLAZING 


fl6ra vars. 










STAR 


Monibretia c. 








"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


**V!ola 


See page 35. 




Late 


6 


HORNED 


cornuta 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


var. 






until 




BEDDING 


lutea major 






frost 




PANSY 










"Yellow 


GOLDEN 


*Alstroeme- 


See page 317. 




J^y. 


orange" 


PERUVIAN 


ria aurantiaca 






Aug. 


9 


LILY 


A. aurea 








"Red 


BUTTERFLY 


**Asclepias 


See page 317. 




Early 


orange" 
shading 


WEED, 
PLEURISY 


tuberosa 






July to 

early 


10 to 12 


ROOT 








Aug. 


"Or- 


BLACK- 


*Belemcanda 


See page 317. 




July, 


ange" 


BERRY OR 


Chine*nsis 






Aug. 


13 


LEOPARD 


B. punct&ta, 










LILY 


Parddn- 












tbus C., 












P. Sinensts, 












Ixia Chin&nsis 









392 



ORANGE 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Or- 


DOUBLE 


*Erfgeron 


See page 317. 




July, 


ange" 


ORANGE 


aurantiacus 






Aug. 


7 


DAISY 










"Or- 
ange" 


STRIPED 
SNEEZE- 


*Helenium 
autumnale 


Daisy-like flowers, with drooping 
yellow petals marked with deep crim- 


4-5 * 

Sun 


Aug., 
Sept. 


5& 14 


WEED 


var. 


son, and prominent centres, gold and 










striatum 


purple. Good for cutting. Back row 












of border or margin of shrubbery. 












Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 












Moist rich soil preferable. N. Amer. 






"Or- 


STRIPED 


**Helenium 


Larger flowers than the type, 2 in. 


3-4 ft. 


Aug. 


ange" 6 


PURPLE- 


nudifldrum 


across; drooping yellow petals blotch- 


Sun 




tinged 20 


HEADED 


var. grandi- 


ed with crimson. Distinctive border 








SNEEZE- 


cphalum 


plant. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 








WEED 


striatum 


tings. Moist rich soil preferable. Hort. 






"Or- 


ORANGE 


*Hemerocallis 


See page 317. 




July, 


ange" 


DAY LILY 


aurantiaca 






early 


10 deeper 










Aug. 


"Tawny 


BROWN DAY 


Hemerocallis 


See page 318. 




M 


orange" 


LILY, 


fulva 








14 


MAHOGANY 


H. dlsticha 








brighter 


LILY 










"Or- 


ORANGE 


lieracium 


See page 211. 




June 


ange" 


HAWK- 


aurantiacum 






to 


12 


WEED 








Oct. 


"Scarlet 
orange" 


EVER- 
BLOOMING 


**Kniph6fia 
Pfitzerii 


Handsome plant. Most profuse and 
continuous in bloom of all the Kniph- 


3-4 ft- 
Sun or 


Early 
Aug. 


effect 12 


FLAME 




ofias. Spikes, 12 in. long, of rich 


half 


to 


brighter 


FLOWER 




orange-scarlet flowers salmon-rose at 


shade 


early 








the edge. Good for cutting. Protect 




Oct. 








in winter. Striking massed among 












tropical plants against dense back- 












ground. Prop, by division. Any 












well-drained soil. Hort. 






"Apri- 


SHINING 


**Lflium 


See page 318. 




Mid. 


cot" 


THUNBER- 


elegans 






July to 


10 


GIAN 


var. fdlgens 






early 


pinker 


LILY 


L. /., L. 






Aug. 






Bdtemanniae, 












L. sangui- 












neum 








"Salmon 
orange" 


DR. 

HENRY'S 


*Laium 
He*nryi 


A plant recently introduced and 
unconventional in habit, somewhat 


5-6 ft. 
Half 


Aug., 
Sept. 


bet. 


LILY 




like L. speciosum. Flowers dotted 


shade 




16 & 8 






with red-brown, in flat loose clusters. 












Thick foliage. Effective massed in 












border or on margin of Rhododen- 












dron bed. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets 












or scales. Light peaty soil. Avoid 












direct contact with manure. China. 






"Reddish 


WILD 


*Lflium 


See page 318. 




July, 


orange" JORANGE- 


Philadelphi- 






Aug. 


12 redder RED OR 


cum 










PHILADEL- 












PHIA LILY 












393 



ORANGE, RED 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Reddish 
orange" 
bet. 


AMERICAN 
TURK'S 
CAP LILY 


**Lflium 
supe"rbum 


See page 321. 




Early 
July to 
early 


19 & 20 










Aug. 


"Or- 


TIGER LILY 


**Lflium 


See page 321. 




Mid. 


ange" 
12 redder 




tigrinum 






July to 
Sept. 


"Deep 


ORANGE 


*Papaver 


See page 36. 




Late 


orange" | ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


bet 


POPPY 


var. 






July, 


12 & 17 




aurantiacum 






r r " 

late 












Aug., 












Sept. 


"Deep 


SMALL 


*Papaver 


See page 36 




Late 


orange" 


ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


var. 






July. 


12 & 17 




miniatum 






i 
mid. 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Or- 


RUSSELL'S 


Potentflla 


See page 32 u 




July. 


ange" 


CINQUE- 


Russelliana 






Aug. 


11 


FOIL OR 












FIVE- 












FINGER 










"Or- 
ange" 
7, centre 


ORANGE 
CONE- 
FLOWER 


*Rudbe*ckia 
fulgida 


Small daisy-like flowers, rays yel- 
low or orange, centres black. Prop, 
by seed, division or cuttings. Grows 


I-2$ft. 

Sun or 
half 


Mid. 
Aug. 
to 


21 dark 






in dry soil. Penn. to the Mississippi 
and South. 


shade 


early 
Oct. 


"Or- 
ange" 


POTTS' 
BLAZING 


**Tritbnia 
Pdttsii 


See page 321. 




July to 
Oct. 


6 to 18 


STAR 


Montbretia P. 








"Red" 


RED 


*Achillea 


See page 321. 




Mid. 


27 


YARROW 


Millef61ium 






July to 




OR MILFOIL 


var. rubrum 






mid. 












Sept. 


"Purple 


WESTERN 


*Aster 


Pretty dwarf kind. Flowers about 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


crimson" 


SILKY OR 


sericeus 


i in. across, solitary on the branch- 


Sun or 


Aug. 


bet. 


SILVERY 


A. argenteus 


lets. Leaves silvery and silky. Does 


shade 


to 


41642 


ASTER 




well under trees and in the border. 




early 








Prop, by division. Well-drained soil. 




Oct. 








Central U. S. A.; Tex.; N. Amer. 






"Violet 


PURPLE 


*Callfrrhoe 


See page 212. 




fune 


crimson" 


POPPY 


nvolucrata 









27 bright 


MALLOW 








Sept. 


"Red" 


FRENCH OR 


**Canna 


See page 357. 




luly 




CROZY 


vars. 






o late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


"Red" 


ITALIAN 


**Canna 


See page 358. 




<t 




CANNA 


vars. 








"Ma- 


DARK 


Centaurea 


See page 212. 




une 


roon" 


PURPLE 


atropurpurea 






o 


near 33 


KNAPWEED 








Sept. 



394 



.ED 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


LYON'S 


*Chel6ne 


Forms thick clumps. Flowers in 


2 it. 


Aug. 


plish - 


TURTLE 


Lyoni 


dense showy spikes terminate stalks 


Mali 




red" 


HEAD 




clothed with deep green glossy foliage. 


shade 




33 & 32 






A profuse bloomer. Excellent border 












plant. Prop, by seed, division in the 












spring, or by cuttings. Any garden 
soil, preferably rich. S. Eastern U. 












S. A. 






"Deep \ 


RED 


*Chel6ne 


Less vigorous than C. Lyoni, but of 


I -2 ft. 


M 


rose" 


TURTLE 


obliqua 


a finer color. Flowers in showy 


Half 




34 


HEAD 


C. purpurea 


spikes terminate leafy stalks. Excel- 


shade 




lighter 






lent border plant. There is a good 












white var. Prop, by seed, division in 












the spring, or by cuttings. Any rich 
garden soil. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Red" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 
vars. 


See page 359. 




July 
to late 












Oct. 


"Orange 


SOUTHERN 


*Delphnium 


See page 322. 




July. 


scarlet" 


SCARLET 


cardinale 






Aug. 


18 more 


LARKSPUR 










orange 












"Crim- 


SEROTIN'S 


*Echinacea 


See page 322. 







son" 


PURPLE 


purpiirea 








33 


CONE- 


var. serdtina 










FLOWER 


E. intermedia 








! "Orange 


CHILOE 


*Geum 


See page 213. 




Late 


scarlet" 


AVENS 


Chiloe'nse 






June to 






G. coccineum, 






early 






(Hort.) 






Aug. 


"Red" 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See page 365. 




July to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Red" 


CORAL OR 


**Heuchera 


See page 213. 




June 


26 


CRIMSON 


sangufaea 






to late 


brilliant 


BELLS 








Sept. 


"Bright 


BULB- 


*Lilium 


See page 323. 




July. 


red" 


BEARING 


bulbiferum 






Aug. 


18 


LILY 










"Orange 


CAROLINA 


Lflium 


A pretty Lily though not so effec- 


2-3 ft. 


Aug. 


red" 


LILY 


sup6rbum 


tive as the type. Dwarf var. with 


Sun or 




bet. 




var. 


1-3 delicate broad flat flowers having 


half 




19&20 




Carolinian tun 


pointed petals spotted within with 


shade 








L. Caro- 


black and marked with yellow. 










linianum 


Broader foliage than the type. Plant 












in quantity in the border or edge of 












shrubbery. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 
setts and scales, or very slowly by 












seed. Any well-drained soil. Avoid 












direct contact with manure. S. 












Eastern U. S. A. 







395 



RED 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Crim- 


CARDINAL 


""Lobelia 


A favorite native of beautiful color. 


2-4 ft. 


Aug. 


son" 
20 bright 

& rich 


FLOWER, 
INDIAN 
PINK 


cardinalis 


Brilliant flowers in spikes on erect un- 
branching stems. Leaves narrow 
mostly on lower part of stalk. Nat- 


Sun or 
shade 


to mid. 
Sept. 








uralize near water or plant preferably 












in shaded border. Prop, by seed, 












division or green-wood cuttings. Re- 












sows itself. Rich soil, preferably 












moist. Wet places in Eastern N. 












Amer. 






"Scarlet" 


SHINING 


"Lobelia 


See page 323. 




July. 


33 


CARDINAL 


fulgens 






Aug. 


warmer 


FLOWER 


L. formdsa 












L. cardinalis 












(Hort.) 








"Red" 


SHAGGY 


"Lychnis 


See page 217. 




Early 


11, 17 & 


LYCHNIS 


Haageana 






June to 


18 










early 


brilliant 










Aug. 


"Red" 


BLOOD-RED 


Lyc&ris 


See page 324. 




July, 


24 redder 


AMARYLLIS 


sanguine a 






Aug. 


"Rosy 


HALL'S 


"Lycbris 


See page 324. 




" 


red" 


AMARYLLIS 


squamigera 








18 




Amaryllis 












Hdllii 








"Scar- 


SCARLET 


"Mfmulus 


See page 217. 




June 


let" 18 


MONKEY 


cardinalis 






to 


duller 


FLOWER 








Sept. 


"Red" 


OSWEGO 


""Monarda 


See page 217. 




Mid. 


20 


TEA, BEE OR 


dfdyma 






June 


lighter, 


FRAGRANT 








to 


centre 21 


BALM 








early 


redder 










Sept. 


"Scarlet" 


TORREY'S 


""Pentstemon 


See page 325. 




Early 


18 


BEARDED 
PENT- 


jarbatus var. 
T6rreyi 






July to 
early 




STEMON 


P. Torreyi 






Aug. 


"Pur- 


HART- 


Pentstemon 


See page 218. 




June 


plish 


WEG'S 


gen tiano ides 






to 


red" 41 


LARGE- 


hybrida 






Sept. 


deeper 


FLOWERED 


2;randifl6ra 










HYBRID 


P. Hdrtwegi 










PENT- 


bjbrida g. 










STEMON 










"Red" 


PERENNIAL 
PHLOX 


**Phl6x 
paniculata 


See page 370. 




July to 
Oct. 






vars. 












P. decussata 








"Ver- 


CAPE 


"Phygelius 


See page 325. 




July, 


milion" 


FUCHSIA 


cape*nsis 






Aug. 


18 redder 













396 



:D, MAGENTA TO PINK 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


'Red" 


ALKE- 


Ph^salis 


See page 325. 




Fruit 




KENGI 


Alkeke-ngi 






July to 




STRAW- 








ate 




BERRY, 








Oct. 




TOMATO, 












WINTER OR 












BLADDER 












CHERRY 










'Red" 


CHINESE 


*Ph?salis 


See page 325 




N 




LANTERN 


Franche*tti 










PLANT 


P. Alkekengi 












var.Francbttti 








"Red" 


HYBRID 


Potentilla 


See page 221 




June 




CINQUE- 


h^brida 






:o 




FOIL 


vars. 






Sept. 




DOUBLE 












VARS. 










"Deep 


PINK ROOT, 


*Spigelia 


See page 222. 




Late 


red" 20, 


WORM 


Marylandica 






funeto 


4 inside 


GRASS 








early 












Aug. 


"Red" 
26 deep 


TARTARIAN 
SEA 
LAVENDER 


*Sttice 
Tatarica 
S. Besseri&na, 


Broadly branching plant bearing 
dainty spikelets of blossoms good for 
cutting. From the base of the plant 


1-2 ft. 

Sun 


Early 
Aug. 
to 






S. incana var. 


rises a clump of large leathery leaves. 




early 






bybrida 


Effective in rock-garden or border. 




Sept. 








Prop, by seed in the spring. Loose 












soil preferable. Tartary. 






"Bright 


RED 


Tradescdntia 


See page 117. 




Late 


red" 


SPIDER- 


Virginiana 






May 




WORT 


var. coccinea 






to late 












Aug. 


"Orange 
scarlet" 


CROCUS- 
FLOWERED 


*Trit6nia 
crocosmae- 


See page 326. 




July to 
Oct. 


often 16 


BLAZING 


fldra 








pinker 


STAR 


Montbrttia c. 








"Bright 


REDDISH 


*Trit6nia 


See page 326. 




July. 


red" 


BLAZING 


rdsea 






Aug. 


some- 


STAR 


Montbretia 








times 29 




rosea 








"Ver- 
milion" 
18 redder 


CALIFORNIA 
FUCHSIA, 
HUMMING- 


*Zauschneria 
Calif6rnica 


Rather sprawling plant, requiring 
close setting for compact growth. 
Its numerous bell-shaped blossoms 


f-2ft. 

Sun 


Late 
Aug., 
Sept. 




BIRD'S 




are effective in the rock-garden. Give 








TRUMPET 




sheltered position and protect in win- 












ter. Prop, by seed, division or cut- 












tings. Light sandy loam. Cal. to 
Wyoming and Mexico. 






"Light 
pink" 


CHINESE 
GOAT'S 


**Astilbe 

Chin^nsis 


See page 329. 




July. 

early 


22 pale 


BEARD 








Aug. 


"Rose" 


EVAN'S 


Begbnia 


See page 329. 




July. 


29 lighter 


BEGONIA 


Evansiana 






Aug. 


& duller 




B. discolor, 












B. grandis 









397 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 
37 pinker 


HEATHER, 
LING, 
HEATH 


*Calluna 
vulgaris 
Erica vulgaris 


See page 329. 




July, 
Aug. 


"Pur- 
plish 
pink" 27 


HOARY 
CEDRO- 
NELLA 


*Cedrone*lla 
cana 


See page 223. 




June 
to 
Sept. 


"Deep 
pink" 
31 


WHITENED 
KNAPWEED 


Centaurea 

dealbata 


See page 223. 




Late 
June to 
early 
Aug. 


"Pur- 
plish 
rose" 
36 deep 


SMALL 
ROSE OR 
PINK 
TICKSEED 


*Core6psis 

rosea 


See page 223. 




June 
to 
Sept. 


"Pink" 
39 


CROWN 
VETCH 


Coronilla 
varia 


See page 223. 




u 


"Pink" 
29 


CROSS- 
WORT, 
FOETID 
CRUCIAN- 
ELLA 


*Cruciane*lla 
styldsa 


See page 224. 




M 


"Pink 
etc." 


DAHLIA 


**DShlia 
vars. 


See page 359. 




July 
to late 
Oct. 


"Ma- 
genta 
pink" 23 


CINNAMON 
PINK 


**Dianthus 
cinnabar inus 


See page 330. 




July, 
Aug. 


"Pink" 
25,27,28, 
33,34,35 


BROAD- 
LEAVED 
PINK 


**Dianthus 

atifolius 


See page 224. 




fune 
:o 
Sept. 


"Pur- 
plish" 
pink 
29 


PALE 
PURPLE 
CONE 
FLOWER 


*Echinacea 

augustifolia 
3rauneria 
pallida 


See page 330. 




July. 

Aug. 


"Pur- 
plish 
pink" 
bet. 
32 & 39, 
centre 
13&20 


PURPLE 
CONE- 
FLOWER, 
BLACK 
SAMPSON 


**Echinacea 
purpurea 

Rudbeckia p. 


See page 330. 




M 


"Shell 

er 

24 & 17 


HEDGE-HOG 
THISTLE, 
SIMPSON'S 
CACTUS 


Echinocactus 
Simpsoni 


See page 227. 




fune 



Sept. 


"Ma- GREAT 
genta" WILLOW 
40 HERB, 
FIRE WEED, 
FRENCH 
WILLOW 


Epilbbium 

angustifolium 
Camcenerion 
angustifolium 


See page 228. 




fune 
to 
early 
Aug. 


"Pink" 


SWORD 
LILY 


**Glad!olus 
vars. 


See page 365. 




[uly to 
Oct. 



398 




SHOWY SEDUM. Sedum spectabile. 



399 





4OO 



HANDSOME RED LILY. Lilium spcciosum rar. rubrum. 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 


MANY- 


Hed^sarum 


See page 228. 




June 


22 light 


PAIRED 


multijugum 






to 




FRENCH 








early 




HONEY- 








Aug. 




SUCKLE 










"Pink" 


HALBERT- 


"Hibiscus 


Vigorous plant. Flowers, pale pink 


2-6 ft. 


Aug., 


22 very 


LEAVED 


militaris 


or white, with purple centres, 4-5 in. 


Sun or 


early 


pale, 


ROSE 


H. yirginicus 


wide. Leaves heart-shaped, downy 


half . 


Sept. 


centre 33 


MALLOW 




beneath. Border. Prop, by seed. 


shade 










Any garden soil, preferably sandy 












and rich. S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Rose" 


SWAMP 


*Hibiscus 


Vigorous plant. One of the best 


3-5 ft. 


Aug., 


36, 


ROSE, 


Moscheutos 


kinds. Native along the coast. 


Sun or 


Sept. 


centre 33 


ROSE 


H. palustris 


Flowers, 4-8 in. across, like those of 


half 






MALLOW 




the Hollyhock, usually light rose with 


shade 










purple eye. Also a white var. Large 












effective foliage. Handsome in groups 
in the border or along edge of shrub- 












bery. Winter mulch desirable. Any 












good loam, preferably sandy. Swamps, 












Eastern U. S. A. 






"Pink" 


JAPANESE 


*Lilium 


See page 331. 




J^y. 




LILY 


Japdnicum 






Aug. 


"Pink" 


SPOTTED 


**Lilium 


White flowers in broad panicles 


2-4 ft. 


Aug., 


36 


LILY 


speci6sum 


with twisted and reflexed petals suf- 


Sun or 


Sept. 


spotted 
27 




L. land fo- 
lium 


fused with pink and spotted with red. 
Graceful foliage. Effective massed in 


half 
shade 










the border. Bulbous. Prop, by off- 












sets or scales. Light well-drained 












soil. Avoid direct contact with ma- 












nure. Japan. 












Var. album, (L. prcecox), usually 












has pure white fragrant flowers. 












Hort. 






"Pink" 


HANDSOME 


**Lflium 


Bright flowers heavily spotted with 


8-10 in. 





white & 


MELPO- 


speciosum 


crimson-pink and margined with 


Sun or 




23 


MENE LILY 


var. 


white, droop in broad clusters. Ef- 


half 








Melpomene 


fective massed in the border. Bul- 


shade 










bous. Prop, by offsets or scales. Any 












well-drained soil. Avoid direct con- 












tact with manure. Japan. 






"Reddish 


HANDSOME 


**Lflium 


The best variety, more vigorous 


2-4 ft. 





pink" 


RED LILY 


specibsum 


than the type. Clusters of drooping 


Sun or 




white & 




var. rubrum 


flowers charming in shape and beau- 


half 




26 deeper 






tiful in color. Graceful leaves. Very 


shade 










effective in masses. Bulbous. Prop. 












by offsets or scales. Any well-drained 












soil. Avoid direct contact with ma- 












nure. Japan. See Plate, page 400. 






"Deep 


ALCEA 


*Malva Alcfea 


See page 229. 




June to 


rose" 29 


MALLOW 








Sept. 


"Rose" 
38 more 


MUSK 
MALLOW 


*Malva 
moschata 


See page 332. 




July to 
early 


violet 










Sept. 



401 



MAGENTA TO PINK 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rose" 


BELL- 


*Pentstemon 


See page 332. 




July. 


38 to 27 


FLOWERED 


campanulatus 






Aug. 




PENTSTE- 


P. angusti- 










MON 


ftlius, P. atro- 












purpureus 








"Rose" 


SHRUBBY 


*Phl6x 


See page 231. 




June 


often 45 


SMOOTH- 


glabe*rrima 








lighter 


LEAVED 


var. 






early 




PHLOX 


suffruticbsa 






Aug. 






P.s., P.nitida 








"Pink" 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x 


See page 370 




[uly to 




PHLOX 


paniculate 






Oct. 






vars. 












P. decussata 








"Light 


DOUBLE 


Saponaria 


See page 333. 




fuly to 


pink" 


BOUNCING 


officinalis var, 






Sept. 


38 & 


BET 


fl&re-pleno 








paler 












"Rose" 


AUTUMN 


*Scflla 


See page 333. 




-ate 


27 


SQUILL, 


autumnalis 






[uly to 




STARRY 








Oct. 




HYACINTH 










"Flesh- 


PINK 


**Scffla 


Bell-shaped flowers in panicles, 


I- lift- 


Aug. 


color" 
36 


HYACINTH 
SQUILL 


hyacinthoides 
var. r6sea 
S. parvifldra 


blooming in profusion. Very long and 
narrow foliage. Charming in border 
and rock-garden. Bulbous. Soil 


Half 
shade 








var. rosea 


enriched with manure. Mediterra- 












nean Region. 






"Pink" 


LYDIAN 
STONECROP 


.ydium 


Small, compact, turf-like evergreen, 
Flowers very small. Succulent green- 
ish foliage tipped with red. Good for 


3-6 in. 
Sun 


Aug., 
Sept. 








covering bare spots or for edging. 












Prop, by division. Dry soil. Asia 












Minor. 






"Pink" 
38 lighter 


SIEBOLD'S 
STONECROP 


*Sedum 
Siebdldii 


An evergreen with spreading 
branches. Flowers in dense clusters. 


9 in. 
Sun 


Aug. 
omid. 








Glaucous leaves, bluish, almost gray, 




Sept. 








with edges slightly pink. Good for 












the border or rock-garden. Prop, by 












division or cuttings. Japan. 












Var. variegatum, (S. variegatum), 












grayish variegated foliage. Japan. 






"Rose" 


SHOWY 


**Sedum 


Distinctive and one of the best 


I $-2 ft. 


.ate 


38 or 32 

lighter 


5EDUM 


pectdbile 
5. Fabaria 


Sedums. Flowers in large showy 
clusters, sometimes purplish or whit- 
ish, surmounting leafy stems. Foliage 


Sun 


Aug. 



mid. 








grayish. Very hardy. Good in 




ept. 








masses. Prop, by division. Ordinary 












garden soil. Japan. See Plate, 












page 399. 
Var. variegatum, variegated foliage. 







402 



PINK, PURPLE TO LILAC 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


PURPLE 


*Sedum 


See page 333. 




Mid. 


plish 
pink" 


STONECROP 


stoloniferum 
5. spur turn 






July to 
early 


32 










Aug. 


"Pink" 


ORPINE, 


*Sedum 


See page 334. 




July, 


23 dull JLIVE- 


Tele"phium 






Aug. 




FOREVER 










"Rose 


AUTUMN 


Silene Schaf ta 


See page 233. 




June 


pink" 


CATCHFLY 








to 


38 










Sept. 


"Pur- 


AMERICAN 


Teucrium 


See page 334. 




Late 


plish 
rose" 


GERMAN- 
DER, 


Canad^nse 
T. Virgini- 






July 
to late 


37 


WOOD SAGE 


cum 






Aug. 


"Purple" 


BROAD- 


**Acnthus 


See page 337. 




July, 




LEAVED 


mollis var. 






Aug. 




ACANTHUS 


latifolius 












A. L, A. 












Lusitdnicus 








"Deep 


WILD 


**Aconitum 


See page 233. 




Mid. 


purple" 


MONKS- 


uncinatum >J 






June to 


49 darker 


HOOD 








Sept. 


"Purple" 


GLAND 


*Aden6phora 


See page 234. 




June to 


47 


BELL- 


Lamarckii 






Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Purple" 


JAPAN 


Aletris 


See page 337. 




July, 




STAR 


Japdnica 






Aug. 




GRASS 










"Purple" 


BESSARA- 


*Aster 


One of the most beautiful of the 


2ft. 


Aug., 


46 


BLAN ASTER 


Am^llus var. 

Bessarabicus 


dwarf Asters. Very graceful. Large 
flowers in abundance; orange cen- 


Sun 


Sept. 






A. Bessarabi- 


tres. Good for cutting. 










cus 


Var. elegans, similar, with darker 












flowers. Plant in shrubbery, wild 












garden or border. Prop, by seed and 












division. Ordinary soil. Europe. 






"Violet" 
47 


RUSH 
ASTER 


*Aster 
junceus 


See page 337. 




July to 
early 












Sept. 


"Violet" 
bet. 


SAVORY- 
LEAVED 


*Aster 
linariifolius 


See page 337. 




July to 
Oct. 


46&47 


ASTER 


Diplopappus 
linariifolius 








"Violet" 


LINDLEY'S 


*Aster 


Flowers with brownish centres 


i-3ift. 


Aug. 


44 pale 


ASTER 


Lindleyauus 


rather showy and abundant. Stems 


Sun 


to 








stout and erect, branching at top. 




early 








Good for open position in wild garden. 
Prop, by seed and division. Ordinary 




Oct. 








soil. Eastern States. 







403 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple" 
48 redder 


NEW 
ENGLAND 


**Aster 
Ndvae 


Perhaps the most beautiful and 
conspicuous of the tall Asters. Flow- 


3-7 ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 

Aug. 




ASTER OR 
STARWORT 


Angliae 


ers originally rich violet (color no. 46 
lighter), with yellow centres, but va- 




to late 
Sept. 








rieties include albus, white; roseus 












(color no. 47 redder), deep rose-col- 




, 








ored; ruber (color no. bet. 40 & 41). 












Striking in the shrubbery or border or 












to naturalize. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Grows readily in ordinary soil, 












preferably moist. New England. See 












Plate, page 405. 






"Pale 


ARROW- 


Aster 


See page 337. 




Jiy. 


violet" 


LEAVED 


sagittifdlius 






Aug. 




ASTER 










"Violet" 


SIBERIAN 


*Aster 


Pretty and hairy. Single terminal 


i ft. 


Aug., 


47 


ASTER 


Sibiricus 


flowers. Foliage rather broad and 


or less 


Sept. 




OR 




long. Good for the rock-garden. 


Sun 






STARWORT 




Prop, by seed and division. Europe; 












Rocky Mts. 






"Purple" 


LOW 


*Aster 


Beautiful flowers with light yellow 


2ft. 


Late 


49 


SHOWY OR 


spectabilis 


centres. Long and narrow foliage. 


Sun or 


Aug. 




SEASIDE 




Good border plant. Coast, Mass, to 


half 


to mid. 




PURPLE 




Del. 


shade 


Sept. 




ASTER 










"Pinkish 


BROAD- 


**Bolt6nia 


See page 337. 




Late 


laven- 'SCALED 


atisquama 






July to 


der" 43 


BOLTONIA 








Oct. 


pinker 












"Pale 


CUT- 


*Calimeris 


See page 338. 




July. 


purple" 


LEAVED 


incisa 






Aug. 


44 


CALIMERIS 


Aster inclsus, 












Boltbnia 












'nclsa 








"Violet" 
47 


CARPA- 
THIAN 


* *Campnula 
Carpatica 


See page 235. 




Late 
[une 


shading 


HAIRBELL 








to late 


darker 











Aug. 


"Pale 


GARGANO 


*Campnula 


See page 128. 




May to 


blue 


HAIRBELL 


Gargdnica 






Sept. 


violet" 












44 deep 












"Violet" 


CREEPING 


*Campanula 


See page 338. 




My, 


47 lighter OR 


rapunculoides 






Aug. 


or darker EUROPEAN 












BELL- 












FLOWER 










"Violet" 
47 shad- 


ENGLISH 
HAIRBELL, 


**Campnula 
rotundifblia 


See page 238. 




une 
o late 


ing to 49 


BLUE BELLS 








Aug. 




OF 












SCOTLAND 










"Pur- 


COVENTRY 


*Camp&nula 


See page 339. 




Mid. 


plish" 


BELLS, 


rrachelium 






uly to 


48 


BLUE 


C. uticifblia 






mid. 




FOXGLOVE 








Aug. 



404 




405 



OFTHE 

UNIVERSITY 





406 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Violet" 


BLUE 


*Catananche 


See page 239. 




June 


47 


SUCCORY 


caerulea 






to 




OR 








Sept. 




CUPIDONE 










"Purple" 


MOUNTAIN 


**Centaurea 


See page 239. 




<( 


46 shad- 


BLUET OR 


montana 








ing to 39 


KNAPWEED 










"Purple" 
37 deeper 


MEADOW 
SAFFRON 


**C61chicum 
autumnale 


Clusters of crocus-like flowers ap- 
pear after the large coarse foliage 
which dies in June. Protect in win- 


3-4 in. 
Sun or 
half 


Aug., 
Sept. 








ter. Plant thickly in Aug. or early 


shade 










Sept. and where the exposed flowers 












get the support of other foliage or in 












grass which is not mown early. Do 












not disturb unless flowers deteriorate; 












then separate after the leaves die. 












Bulbous; can also be sown from seed. 












Rich light soil. White, striped and 












also double vars. Europe. 






"Pur- 


MARYLAND 


*Cunua 


Plant of tufted habit. Profusion of 


i ft. 





plish" 


DITTANY 


Mariana 


small flowers in clusters. Heart- 


Sun 




48 






shaped leaves, i in. long. Neat plant 












for sunny border or wild garden. 












Middle U. S. A. 






"Pur- 
plish" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 
vars. 


See page 359. 




July 

to late 












Oct. 


"Lilac" 


FRINGED 


*Dianthus 


See page 339. 




July. 


43 darker PINK 


superbus 






i 

early 












Aug. 


"Light 


GLANDU- 


Erbdium 


See page 240. 




June 


purple" 


LAR 


macradenium 






to 




STORK'S 


E. glandulo- 






Sept. 




OR HER- 


sum 










ON'S BILL 










"Pale 


LANCE- 


**Ftinkia 


See page 340. 




Late 


lilac" 


LEAVED 


lancifdlia 






July to 


47 pale 


DAY OR 


F. Japonica 






i 
early 




PLANTAIN 








Sept. 




LILY 










"Lilac 


GOAT'S 


Galega 


See page 240. 




June 


purple" 


RUE 


officinalis 






to 


43 










Sept. 


"Purple" 


WALLICH'S 


Geranium 


See page 241 




i 


42 


CRANES- 


Wallichia- 










BILL 


num 








"Bluish 


HYSSOP 


H^ssopus 


See page 241. 




Mid. 


purple" 




officinalis 






June 


49 










to mid. 












Aug. 



407 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Violet" 


COMMON 


Lavandula 


Fragrant woolly sub-shrub, whiter 


I -2 ft. 


Late 


55 


LAVENDER 


Spica 


and of lower and more compact habit 


Sun 


Aug. 








than L. vera; flowers in shorter, 




to mid. 








denser spikes. Slight protection nec- 




Sept. 








essary. An old favorite on account of 












its fragrance. Border. Prop, by 












young wood cuttings. Light, rich, open 












soil. S. Europe. 






"Violet" 


TRUE 


Lavandula 


See page 341. 




Mid. 


bet. 


LAVENDER 


vera 






July to 


47& 49 










Sept. 


"Purple" 
33 bluer 


TWO- 
FLOWERED 


Lespedeza 
bicolor 


Graceful shrub. Pea-shaped flowers 
in racemes which branch out from 


6- 10 ft. 

Sun or 


Early 
Aug. 




BUSH 


Desmodium 


the main stalk. Small round leaves. 


half 


D 

to 




CLOVER 


penduli- 


Ornamental in border and edges of 


shade 


early 






fibrum 


shrubbery. Prop, by seed and divi- 




Oct. 








sion. Japan; N. China. 






"Purple" 


CYLINDRIC 


*Liatris 


Resembles L. squarrosa though 


i ft. 


Aug. 


32 


BLAZING 


cylindracea 


more of a dwarf plant. Wild garden 


Sun or 


O 




STAR 


Lacinaria 


or border. Prop, by seed sown in 


half 








cylindracea 


autumn or by offsets. Rich soil pref- 


shade 










erable. Western N. Y. and West. 






"Purple" 


HANDSOME 


*Liatris 


See page 341. 




Early 


39 very 
bright & 


BLAZING 
STAR 


Slogans 
Lacinaria 






July to 
mid. 


clear 




elegans 






Aug. 


"Purple" 
46 


LOOSE- 
FLOWERED 


*Liatris 

rraminifolia 


See page 341. 




July to 
Oct. 




BUTTON 


Lacinaria 










SNAKE- 


gramini folia 










ROOT 










"Purple" 
42 lighter 


DENSE- 
SPIKED 
BLAZING 


**Liatris 
pycnostachya 


Flowers in dense spikes continuing 
in bloom for a long time. Thick grass- 
like foliage. Good in masses in the 


3-5 ft. 
Half 
sbade 


Aug. 
to 
mid. 




STAR 




border. Prop, by seed or division. 




Sept. 








Rich soil is best. Central U. S. A. 






"Dark 

laven- 


SCARIOUS 
BLAZING 


**Liatris 

scariosa 


Tubular flowers in large, lax spikes 
on stout whitish stalks. Foliage lance- 


i-5/t. 
Sun 


Aug. 
Sept. 


der" 47 


STAR 




shaped. Effective in masses. Prop. 












by seed and division. Rich soil pref- 












erable. Canada; U. S. A. 






"Deep 


DENSE 


**Liatris 


See page 341. 




Mid. 


purple" 


BUTTON 


spicata 






July to 


46 


SNAKE- 


Lacinaria 






early 




ROOT, GAY 
FEATHER 


spicata 






Sept. 


"Ma- 


COMMON 


*Liatris 


Flowers showy, in few heads. Fo- 


I -2 ft. 


Aug., 


genta 
purple" 


BLAZING 
STAR, 


squarrosa 
Lacinaria 


liage somewhat grass-like. Mass in 
wild garden or border. Prop, by fall- 


Sun or 
sbade 


early 
Sept. 


45 more 


COLIC-ROOT 


squarrosa 


sown seed or by offsets. Easily culti- 






purple 






vated in any light, though preferably 
rich soil. Penn., S. and W. 







408 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Lilac" 


KENIL- 


Linaria 


See page 242. 




June 


47 light 


WORTH 


Cymbalaria 






to 




IVY, 








Sept. 




MOTHER- 












OF- THOU- 












SANDS 










"Bluish 
purple" 


HIMA- 
LAYAN 


*Lindel6fia 
spectibilis 


See page 341. 




Early 
July to 


44 duller 


LUNGWORT 








early 












Aug. 


"Light 
purple" 


REQUIEN'S 
PENNY- 


Me*ntha 

Requieni 


See page 342. 




July, 
Aug. 


44 


ROYAL 










"Pur- 


SPEAR- 


Me*ntha 


See page 342. 




M 


plish" 


MINT 


spicata 








39 




M. viridis 








"Violet" 


MUSSIN'S 


Ne-peta 


See page 342. 




M 


47 tinged 


CATMINT 


Mussini 








46 




N. longifblia 








"Purple" 
47 deep 


SCOTCH 
THISTLE 


Onop6rdon 
Acanthium 


See page 342. 




N 


"Lilac" 


SNAKE'S 


Dphiopdgon 


See page 342. 




( 


43 


BEARD 


Jaburan 








"Pale 


GIANT 


*0str6wskia 


See page 342. 







lilac" 


BELL- 


magnifica 








43 


FLOWER 










"Deep 


VIOLET 


Petalostemon 


See page 245. 




June 


violet" 


PRAIRIE 


violaceus 






until 




CLOVER 


Kubnistera 






frost 






purpurea 








"Lilac 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x 


See page 370. 




Tuly to 


purple" 


PHLOX 


paniculata 






Oct. 






vars. 












P. decussata 








"Bluish 
violet" 


BELL- 
FLOWERED 


*Phyteuma 
campa- 


See page 343. 




July, 

Aug. 


bet. 


HORNED 


nuloides 








46& 47 


RAMPION 










"Bluish 


SMALL OR 


Scabiosa 


See page 246. 




[une 


purple" 


LILAC- 


Columbaria 









near 50 


FLOWERED 








Oct. 




SCABIOUS 










"Purple" 
49 


MOUNTAIN 
SKULLCAP 


*Scutellaria 
alpina 


See page 343. 




larly 
uly 












o late 












Sept. 


"Rosy 
purple" 


PRETTY 
GROUND- 


*Senecio 
pdlcher 


See page 344. 




uly. 
Aug. 


40 


SEL 










"Light 
violet" 


TORREY'S 
NIGHT- 


Solanum 
T6rreyi 


See page 344. 




< 


44 deep 


SHADE 










"Dull 


TALL SEA 


Statice 


See page 344. 




Mid. 


violet" 
47 


LAVENDER 


elata 






uly to 
:arly 












Sept. 



409 



LILAC, BLUE 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rose 


CHOICE SEA 


Statice 


Flowers in somewhat one-sided 


I -2 ft. 


Aug. 


lilac" 


LAVENDER 


eximia 


clusters. Coarse leaves with wavy 


Sun 




bet. 






margins spring from the root. Plant 






44& 38 






in isolated clumps or in rock-garden. 
Prop, by seed and division. Sandy 








, 




well-drained soil. Songoria. 






"Blue 


GMELIN'S 


*Statice 


See page 344. 




Late 


violet" 


SEA 


Gmelini 






July to 


44 


LAVENDER 








early 












Sept. 


"Bluish 


BROAD- 


**Statice 


See page 344. 




M 


purple" 


LEAVED 


latifdlia 








47 


SEA 












LAVENDER 










"Purple" 


WALL GER- 


Teucrium 


See page 345. 




Mid. 


39 


MANDER 


Chamaedrys 






July to 












mid. 












Aug. 


"Lilac" 


MOTHER 


Th^mus 


See page 249. 




Mid. 


43 


OF THYME, 


Serp^llum 






June to 




CREEPING 








mid. 




THYME 








Aug. 


"Pur- 


COMMON 


*Tradescantia 


See page 140. 




Late 


plish" 44, 


SPIDER- 


Virginiana 






May 


48 or 49 


WORT 


T. Virginica 






to late 












Aug. 


"Deep 


SUB- 


**Ver6nica 


One of the best Veronicas. Showy 


2-3 ft. 


Early 


blue 
purple" 


SESSILE 
LONG- 


longifolia 
var. 


vigorous branching plant, covered with 
long dense spikes of small brilliant 


Sun 


Aug. 
to mid. 


55 


LEAVED 


subse"ssilis 


flowers. Excellent for the border. 




Sept. 




VERONICA 


y. spicata 


Prop, by division. Rich loam pref- 












erable. Japan. 






"Violet" 


HORNED 


**Viola 


See page 48. 




Late 


47 or 49 


VIOLET, 
BEDDING 


cornuta 






Apr. 
until 




PANSY 








frost 


"Deep 


AUTUMN 


**Aconltum 


See page 345. 




Mid. 


blue" 


ACONITE, 


autumnale 






July to 


56 


MONKS- 








mid. 




HOOD OR 








Sept. 




WOLFS- 












BANE 










"Blue" 


STORK'S 


*Aconrtum 


See page 345. 




July, 




PURPLE 


Cammarum 






Aug. 




WOLFS- 


var. 










BANE 


Storkianum 












A. S., A. 












intermedium 








"Deep 


TRUE 


**Aconltum 


See page 345. 




Mid. 


purple 


MONKS- 


Nape"llus 






July to 


blue" 


HOOD, 


A. pvramidale 







early 


near 49 


OFFICINAL 


A. Tauricum 






Sept. 




ACONITE 











410 



BLUE 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


GLAND 


*Aden6phora 


See page 345. 




July to 


61 


BELL- 


communis 






mid. 




FLOWER 


A. Fiscberi, 






Aug. 






A. liUftora. 












A. lili folia 








"Light 


POTAN- 


*Aden6phora 


See page 346. 




July. 


blue" 


NINI'S 


Potannini 






Aug. 


61 duller 


GLAND 












BELL- 












FLOWER 










"Deep 


LEAD 


*Amdrpha 


See page 346. 




Earfy 


blue" 
49 


PLANT 


cane*scens 






July to 
early 












Aug. 


"Lilac 


MAACK'S 


*Aster 


Dwarf plant. Smooth leaves and 


1-2 ft. 


Mid. 


blue" 53 


ASTER 


Maackii 


stems with large flowers. Good bor- 


Sun 


Aug. 


lighter & 






der plant. Prop, by seed and division. 




to late 


brighter 






Good rich soil. Japan. 




Sept. 


"Pur- 


GREAT 


*Camp&nula 


See page 253. 




June to 


plish 


BELL- 


latifolia 






early 


blue" 46 


FLOWER 








Aug. 


"Blue" 


CHIMNEY 


*Campnula 


See page 346. 




July, 


48 


CAMPA- 


jyramidalis 






Aug. 




NULA, 
STEEPLE 












BELL- 












FLOWER 










"Cobalt 
blue"- 


BLUE- 
FLOWERED 


Ceratostigma 
plumbagi- 


Beautiful half-shrubby plant which 
forms neat tufts and is covered with a 


6- 1 2 in. 
Sun 


Late 
Aug.. 


61 


LEADWORT 


noides 


wealth of flowers that gradually be- 




Sept. 






Plumbago 


come violet. Excellent for rock-gar- 










Ldrpenta, 


den or edging. Protect in winter. 










Valoiadia p. 


Prop, by division. Warm light soil. 












China. 






"Blue" 


FREMONT'S 


*Cle*matis 


See page 346. 




fuly.' 


53 


CLEMATIS 


Fremonti 






Aug. 


"Light 


HERA- 


*Clematis 


Erect sturdy plant. Hyacinth- 


2-3 ft. 


Aug., 


blue" 


CLEUM- 


leracleaef&lia 


shaped flowers in terminal and axil- 


Sun 


Sept. 


44 bluer 


LEAVED 
CLEMATIS 


C. lubulosa 


lary clusters. Bright green foliage. 
Border or rock-garden. Prop, by 
division and cuttings, and with diffi- 












culty by seed. Rich deep soil. China. 












Var. Davtdiana, (C. tubulosa var. 












Davidiana): (color no. 54 lighter). 












Best form. Stems, 4 ft. tall, need 












slight support. Flowers with Orange- 













blossom fragrance. Leaves very large. 
Fine border plant. Japan; China. 






"Blue" 


BEE 


**Delphfnium 


See page 253. 




une 


61 


LARKSPUR 


datum 






o 






9. alplnum, 






Sept. 






D. pyrami- 












dale 








"Blue" 


GREAT- 


**Delphfnium 


See page 347. 




uly. 


62 


FLOWERED 


grand iflbrum 






Aug. 




LARKSPUR 


D< Sin&nse 









411 



BLUE 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


LOFTY 


*Echinops 


See page 347. 




July. 


50 & 


GLOBE 


exaltatus 






Aug. 


cream 


THISTLE 










"Steel 


RITRO 


**Echlnops 


See page 348. 







blue" 


GLOBE 


Ritro 








53 colder 


THISTLE 










"Pale 


ROUND- 


*Echinops 


See page 348. 




N 


blue" 52 


HEADED 


sphaero- 








greenish 


GLOBE 


ce*phalus 










THISTLE 










"Bright 


ALPINE SEA 


*Er^ngium 


See page 348. 




M 


blue" 53 


HOLLY 


alpinum 








"Ame- 


AMETHYST 


**Er^ngium 


See page 254. 




June to 


thyst 


SEA HOLLY 


amethysti- 






early 


blue" 




nuin 






Sept. 


63 lighter 












"Blue"- 


BOURGAT'S 


*Erngium 


See page 348. 




Mid. 


63 


ERYNGO 


Bourgati 






July to 
early 








' 




Sept. 


"Blue 1 ' 


DANE- 


Er^ngium 


See page 348. 




" 


63 lighter 


WEED, 
HUNDRED 


campistre 










THISTLE 




* 






"Blue" 


FLAT- 


**Er^ngium 


See page 348. 




July, 




LEAVED 


planum 






Aug. 




ERYNGO 










"Deep 

blue" 


CLOSED 
BOTTLE OR 


Gentiana 
Andre" wsii 


A common wild herb. Flowers, 
which never open, stemless and sup. 


2ft. 

Half 


Aug., 
Sept. 


56 


BLIND 


G. Catesbai 


ported on whorls of leaves. Brook- 


sbadt 






GENTIAN 




side, rock-garden or wild garden. 
Prop, by division or very slowly by 
seed. Leave undisturbed. Good 












moist soil. N. Amer. 






"Deep 


WILLOW 


*Gentiana 


Seepage 351. 




July to 


blue" 


GENTIAN 


asclepiadea 






early 


59 lighter 










Sept. 


"Blue" 


WIND 


Gentiana 


Funnel-shaped flowers in racemes 


6 in. 


Aug., 


60 


FLOWER, 
HARVEST 


Pneumo- 
nanthe 


terminating leafy stalks. Pretty when 
planted in grass on the banks of 


Half 
shade 


Sept. 




BELLS 




streams. Prop, very slowly by seed, 












also by division. Leave undisturbed. 












Rich deep soil mixed with humus. 












Europe: N. Asia. 






"Light 


BARREL OR 


*Gentiana 


Closed flowers about I in. long. 


1-2 ft. 


it 


blue" 


SOAPWORT 


Saponaria 


erect in clusters. Wild or rock-gar- 


Sun or 




62 


GENTIAN 


G. Catetbai 


den. Leave undisturbed. Prop, by 


half 




greener 






seed just ripe. Deep loam well- 


sbade 










drained. N. Amer. 






"Violet" 


IBERIAN 


Geranium 


See page 254. 




June 


blue" 


CRANES- 


Ibericum 






to 


46 light 


BILL 








Sept. 


"Blue" 


MEADOW 


*Geranium 


See page 257. 




" 


46 bluer 


CRANES- 


prate"nse 










BILL 











412 



BLUE 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


GLOBE 


*Globularia 


See page 257. 




June to 


53 


DAISY 


vulgaris 






Sept. 


"Light 


SHEP- 


*Jasi6ne 


See page 351. 




Early 


blue" 
52 dull 


HERD'S OR 
SHEEP 


pere"nnis 






July to 
early 




SCABIOUS, 








Aug. 




SHEEP'S BIT 










"Blue" 


AUSTRIAN 


*Linum 


See page 258. 




June 


61 


FLAX 


Austriacum 






to 






L. perenne 






Sept. 






var. A. 








"Blue" 
46 


GREAT 
LOBELIA, 
BLUE 


**Lobelia 
syphilftica 


Tubular flowers in long leafy spikes, 
on slightly hairy stalks. Foliage large, 
smooth or hairy. Good border plant. 


,-3 ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 
Aug. 
to late 




CARDINAL 




Moist soil. Eastern U. S. A. 




Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Blue" 


EVER- 


*Myos6tis 


See page 153. 




May to 


57 


FLOWER- 


palustris var. 






Sept. 




ING FOR- 


sempgrflorens 










GET-ME- 












NOT 










"Blue" 


LARGE- 


Ne'peta 


See page 261. 




Late 


53 


FLOWERED 


macrantha 






June to 




CATMINT 








early 












Sept. 


"Blue" 


BALLOON 


**Platyc6don 


See page 352. 




Early 


often 56 


FLOWER, 


jjrandifldrum 






fuly to 




JAPANESE 


'Yablenbergia, 






Oct. 




BELL- 


grandiftbra, 










FLOWER 


Campanula g. 








"Blue" 


HAIRY 


Rue-Ilia 


See page 353. 




Early 


47 


RUELLIA 


ciliosa 






July 












to late 












Aug. 


"Blue" 
52 


PITCHER'S 
SAGE 


*Salvia 
azurea var. 


A sky-colored plant, slightly downy. 
Flowers blue, varying to white. Pret- 


i-5 ft. 

Sun 


^ate 






rrandifldra 


ty in border. Protect in winter. 




Sept. 






S. Pitcberi 


Light sandy soil. S. Central U. S. A. 






"Blue" 


MEALY 


*Salvia 


See page 353. 




fuly, 


46 lighter 


SAGE 


farinacea 






Aug. 


"Pale 


GRASS- 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 262. 




une 


blue" 


LEAVED 


graminifolia 






o 


often bet. 


SCABIOUS 








Oct. 


43 & 44 












"Bluish" 


WOOD- 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 262. 




larly 


near 39 


LAND 


ylvatica 






une 


paler 


SCABIOUS 








o late 












Sept. 


"Blue" 


HYACINTH 


**Scflla 


Rather shy bloomer. Small open 


i-i^ft. 


Aug 


58 


SQUILL 


hyacinthoides 


bell-shaped flowers in many-flowered 


Sun or 








5. parviflbra 


racemes. Long narrow leaves in a 


balf 










spreading clump at the base. Very 


bade 










pretty in the border or wild garden. 












Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. Light soil 












enriched with manure. Mediterra- 












nean Region. 







413 



BLUE, PARTI-COLORED 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


BLUE 


**Scflla 


Small bell-shaped flowers in race- 


I-I^ft. 


Aug. 


57 deep 


HYACINTH 
SQUILL 


hyacinthoides 
var. c as rule a 


mes. Leaves in a spreading clump at 
the base of the plant. Charming in 


Sun or 
shade 








S. parvt flora 


the border or wild garden. Bulbous. 










var. c. 


Light soil enriched with manure. 












Mediterranean Region. 






"Blue" 


BAICAL'S 


*Scutellaria 


See page 353. 




July. 


49 


SKULLCAP 


Baicatensis 






A * 

Aug. 






5. macrdntba 


. 






"Deep 


COMMON 


**Statice 


See page 353. 




M 


blue" 


SEA 


Limonium 








46 


LAVENDER, 


S. maritima 










MARSH 












ROSEMARY 










"Blue" 


STOKES' 


**Stokesia 


Somewhat aster-like flowers, few to 


i-iift. 


Aug. 


52 dull 


ASTER 


cyanea 


many on leafy stalks. Useful for cut- 


Sun 


to 








ting. Excellent in border. Protect 




early 








slightly in winter. Prop, by division. 




Oct. 








Loamy soil, sandy and well-drained. 












S. Atlantic States. See Plate, page 406. 






"Blue" 


AUSTRIAN 


*Ver6nica 


See page 353. 




Early 


53 


SPEED- 


Austriaca 






July to 




WELL 








early 












Aug. 


Parti- 


PARKIN- 


*C61chicum 


Distinct species. Crocus-like flow- 


4-6 in. 


Aug., 


colored 


SON'S 


Parkinson! 


ers, white checkered and barred with 


Sun or 


Sept. 


white & 


CHECK- 




purple, unsupported by foliage. Small 


half 




34 


ERED 




leaves appear in spring. Plant in 


shade 






MEADOW 




clumps in rock-garden or border 








SAFFRON 




among carpeting plants. Protect in 












winter. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. 












Sandy loam, rich and light. Greek 








* 




Archipelago. 






Parti- 


FRENCH OR 


**Canna 


See page 357. 




July 


colored 


CROZY 


vars. 






to late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


Parti- 


ITALIAN 


**Canna 


See page 358. 







colored 


CANNA 


vars. 








Parti- 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See page 359. 




July 


colored 




vars. 






to late 












Oct. 


6 shading 


GREAT- 


**Gaillardia 


See page 263 




fune 


from 


FLOWERED 


aristata 






:o 


19 to 14 


GAILLARDIA 


G. grandifldra 






Nov. 


Parti- 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See page 365. 




[uly to 


colored 


LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


Parti- 


BROWN'S 


**Lffium 


See page 354. 




July, 


colored 


LILY 


Brdwni 






Aug. 






L. Japdnicum 












var. Brdwnii 








44& 11 


ALPINE 


Linaria 


See page 354. . 




< 




TOADFLAX 


alpina 









414 



VARIOUS 



AUGUST 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


BEAR'S 


**Acanthus 


See page 354. 




July. 




BREECH, 


mdllis 






Aug. 




CUTBER- 












DILL 












SEDOCKE 










Various 


VERY 


**Acanthus 


See page 357. 




M 




PRICKLY 


spinossimus 










BEAR'S 












BREECH 










Various 


PRICKLY 


**Acanthus 


See page 357. 




M 




BEAR'S 


spinosus 










BREECH 










2, 34, 35, 


HOLLY- 


**Althaea 


See page 357. 




H 


22, 27, 


HOCK 


rosea 








white etc. 












Various 


FRENCH OR 


**Canna 


See page 357. 




July to 




CROZY 


vars. 






late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


Various 


ITALIAN 


**Canna 


See page 358. 




i 




CANNA 


vars. 








Various 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 
vars. 


See page 359. 




July 

to late 












Oct. 


Often 
33 dark 


SCARLET 
DAHLIA 


Dahlia 
coccinea 


See page 365. 




July to 
early 












Oct. 


Various 


VON 


Dahlia 


See page 365. 




ti 




MERCK'S 


M6rckii 










DAHLIA 


D. Gldbraia 








Often 


COMMON 


Dahlia 


See page 365. 




i 


17 dark 


DAHLIA 


variabilis 












D. rosea 








Various 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See page 365. 




July to 




LILY 








Oct. 


White, 
2,44 


COB^EA 
BEARD- 


*Pentstemon 
Cobsea 


See page 370. 




July, 

Aug. 




TONGUE 










Various 


PERENNIAL 
PHLOX 


**Phl6x 

paniculata 


See page 370. 




July to 
Oct. 






vars. 












P. decussata 








Often 
39 or 38 


EGYPTIAN 
OR 


*Scabi6sa 
arve"nsis 


See page 273. 




Early 
June to 




GYPSIES' 


S. v&ria 






mid. 




ROSE 








Aug. 


Various 


PANSY, 


**Viola 


See page 68. 




Mid. 




HEART'S- 


tricolor 






Apr. to 




EASE 








mid. 












Sept. 



415 



SEPTEMBER 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


SNEEZE- 


Achillea 


See page 167. 




June 




WORT 


Ptannica 






to mid. 












Sept. 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


**Achillea 


See page 167. 




June 




SNEEZE- 


Ptannica var. 






to Oct. 




WORT 


"The Pearl" 








"White" 


SIBERIAN 
MILFOIL OR 


*Achillea 
Sibirica 


See page 274. 




July to 
Oct. 




YARROW 


A. Mongdlicp, 












A. ptarnzi- 












coides 








"Nearly 


WHITE 


**Aconitum 


See page 274. 




Mid. 


white" 


MONKS- 


Napellus 






July to 




HOOD OR 


var. album 






early 




OFFICINAL 


A. pyrami- 






Sept. 




ACONITE 


dale var. a. 












A. Tauricum, 












var. a. 








"White" 


JAPANESE 
BANE- 
BERRY 


Act&a 
Jap6nica 


Dense spikes of flowers, good for 
cutting and lasting a long time. Ef- 
fective border plant. Needs light 


2*ft. 

Half 
shade 


Sept., 
Oct. 








rich soil. Japan. 






"Cream 


ANEMONE 


**Anem6ne 


One of the best autumn plants. 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


white" 


HONORINE 


Jap6nica 


Similar to the type. Large flowers 


Sun or 


Sept. 




JOBERT 


var. alba 


with yellow centres. Handsome foli- 


half 


to 








age. Good for cutting. Plant in 


shade 


early 








masses under trees or in clumps in the 




^ov. 








border. Leave undisturbed and pro- 












tect in winter. Prop, by seed and 












division. Rich soil. Hort. See Plate, 












page 418. 












*A. Japonica var. "The Whirl- 












wind;" a strong vigorous plant like 












the type, but with semi-double white 












flowers 2^-3 in. across, blooming more 












abundantly and lasting longer. Hort. 






"White" 


TALL 


Aster 


See page 375. 




Late 




FLAT-TOP 


umbellatus 






Aug. 




WHITE 


Dodhngena 






o 




ASTER 


itmbellata 






early 












Oct. 


"Whit- 


VARIOUS- 


*Aster 


Dwarf species with flowers about 


2-3 ft. 


Sept., 


ish" 


COLORED 


versicolor 


i in. across, changing from white to 


Sun 


early 


turns 39 


STARWORT 




mauve. Plant in mixed border or 




Oct. 








rock-garden. Sandy soil, Prop, by 












division. N. Amer. 







4 r6 




AUTUMN 



417 



OF THE 

UNIVERSITY 




WHITE TO GREENISH 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


ASTER- 


*Bolt6nia 


See page 375. 




Late 




LIKE 


asteroides 






Aug. 




BOLTONIA 


B. glasti folia 






to mid. 












Oct. 


"White" 


WOAD- 


**Bolt6nia 


See page 376. 




Aug., 




LEAVED 


glastifblia 






Sept. 




BOLTONIA 










"White" 
centre 
5 to 6 


NIPPON 
CHRYSAN- 
THEMUM 


*Chrysanthe- 
mum 
Nippdnicum 


Large glistening daisy-like flowers 
sometimes 4 in. across, with yellow 
centres. Thick foliage. Good for 


2ft. 

Sun 


Sept., 
Oct. 








border. Thrives in moderately light 












enriched soil. Japan. 






"White" 


GIANT 


**Chrysan- 


See page 376. 




Aug., 




DAISY 


themum 






Sept. 






uliginosum 












Pyretbrum u 








"White" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See page 359. 




Late 






vars. 






July to 












late 












Oct. 


"White" 


RATTLE- 
SNAKE- 


Eryngium 
aquaticum 


See page 177. 




June 
to 




MASTER, 


E. yucca- 






Oct. 




BUTTON 


folium 










SNAKEROOT 










"White" 


WHITE 


Eupatdrium 


See page 379. 




Aug., 




SNAKEROOT 


ageratoides 






Sept. 


"White" 


LARGE- 


**Funkia 


See page 380. 




Late 




FLOWERED 


subcordata 






Aug., 




SUBCOR- 


var. 






Sept. 




DATE 


grandiflbra 










PLANTAIN 


F. alba var.g., 










LILY 


F. liliiflora 












var. g. 








"White" 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See page 365. 




July to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"White" 


WHITE 


Heuchera 


'See page 179. 




June 




CORAL 


sanguinea 






:o late 




BELLS 


var. alba 






Sept. 






H. alba 








"White" 


CALIFOR- 
NIA ROSE 


*Hibiscus 
Califtfrnicus 


Vigorous shrubby plant. Flowers 
4-5 in. across, sometimes pink, with 


5-7 ft. 
Sun or 


Sept., 
Oct. 




MALLOW 




purple centres. Heart-shaped leaves, 


half 










gray beneath. Good in border. Pro- 


bade 










tect in winter. Prop, by seed. Any 












garden soil, preferably sandy and 












rich. Cal. 






"White" 


WHITE 


*Hibiscus 


See page 381. 




Aug., 




SWAMP 


Moscheutos 






Sept. 




ROSE OR 


var. albus 










ROSE 


H. p alii sir is 










MALLOW 


var. albus 








"White" 


CRIMSON 


*Hibfscus 


See page 381. 




< 




EYE 


Moscheutos 










SWAMP 


var. "Crimson 










ROSE 


Eye" 









419 



WHITE TO GREENISH 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


JAPANESE 


*Lespedeza 


Resembles L. Sieboldi, but blooms 


4-6 ft. 


Sept.. 




BUSH 
CLOVER 


Japdnica 
Desmodium 
Japdnicum 


a fortnight later. Strong vigorous 
plant with a profusion of pea-shaped 
flowers drooping in elongated racemes. 


Sun 


Oct. 








Dull pale green compound foliage. 
Ornamental in the border or edge of 
shrubbery. Prop, by division. Easily 
cultivated. Japan. 






"White" 


AUTUMN 
SNOW- 


*Leuc6jum 

autumnale 


Not hardy everywhere. Related to 
Snowdrop. Fragrant drooping bell- 


/&r 


Sept. 




FLAKE 


Acis 


shaped flowers, red-tinted, 1-3 on 


shade 








autumn till s 


slender stems, followed by slender 












shrubby foliage. Attractive in border 












and in shady sheltered part of rock- 












garden or shrubbery. Bulbous. Prop, 
by offsets. Any soil. Portugal. 






"White" 


HEART- 


*Lflium 


See page 381. 




Aug., 




LEAVED 


cordifblium 






Sept. 




LILY 










"White" 


GREAT 


**Lobelia 


See page 381. 




Mid. 




WHITE 
LOBELIA 


sypbjlitica 
var. alba 






Aug. 
to Oct. 


"White" 


DOUBLE 


*L^chnis 


See page 289. 




Mid. 




WHITE OR 


alba var. 






July to 




EVENING 


flore-pleno 






mid. 




CAMPION 


L. vespertlna 






Sept. 






var. f.-p. 








"White" 


WHITE 
MUSK 


*Malva 

moschata 


See page 289. 




[uly to 
early 




MALLOW 


var. alba 






Sept. 


"White" 


SHOWY 


*<Enothera 


See page 382, 




Aug., 


t 


PRIMROSE 


speciosa 






Sept. 






Hartmdnnias. 








"White" 


WHITE 


**Papaver 


See page 184. 




Late 




ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 




POPPY 


var. album 






mid. 












[une, 












ate 












Aug., 












Sept. 


"White" 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x pan- 


See page 370. 




fuly to 




PHLOX 


iculata vars. 






Oct. 






P. decussata 








"White" 


WHITE 


**Platyc6don 


See page 187. 




fune 




BALLOON 


*randiflorum 







o 




FLOWER 


var. album 






Oct. 






Campanula 












g. var. a., 
Wahlenbergia 












g. var. a. 








"Green- 


SACALINE 


Pol^gonum 


See page 383. 




-ate 


ish 




Sachalin^nse 






Aug., 


white" 










Sept. 



420 



WHITE, YELLOW 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


JAPAN 


Polygonum 


See page 383. 




Aug., 




KNOTWEED 


Sieboldi 






Sept. 






P. cuspid a- 












tum. P. 












Zuccarinii 








"White" 


WHITE 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 189. 




Early 




WOODLAND 


sylvatica var. 






June 




SCABIOUS 


albifl6ra 






to late 












Sept. 


"White" 


WHITE 


*Sedum 


See page 383. 




Late 




SHOWY 


spectabile 






Aug. 




SEJ>UM 


var. album 






to mid. 






S. Fabaria 






Sept. 






var. album 








"Whit- 


GREAT 


*Ver6nica 


See page 384. 




Early 


ish" 


VIRGINIAN 


Virginica 






Aug. 




SPEED- 


Leptandra 






to 




WELL, 


Virginica 






early 




CULVER'S 








Sept. 




ROOT 










"White" 


WHITE 


**Viola 


See page 23. 




Late 




HORNED 


comuta 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


var. alba 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"Yellow" 


WOOLLY- 


*Achillea 


See page 96. 




Late 


5 


LEAVED 


tomentdsa 






May to 




MILFOIL 








mid. 












Sept. 


"Pale 
yellow" 


EGYPTIAN 
MILFOIL OR 


Achillea 
Tournefortii 


See page 293. 




July to 
Oct. 


4 


YARROW 


A. /Egyptiaca 








"Yellow" 
2 


PALE 
YELLOW 


*Aconitum 
Lyc6ctonum 


See page 294. 




July to 
early 




WOLFS- 


A. barbatum, 






Sept. 




BANE 


A. ocbroleu- 












cum, A. 












squarrbsum 








"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


*Anthemis 


See page 194. 




Mid. 


5 


MARGUE- 


K&wayi 






June 




RITE 


A. tinctbria 






to 






var. Ktlwayi 






Oct. 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


*Anthemis 


See page 96. 




Mid. 


2, 


MARGUE- 


tinctdria 






May to 


centre 6 


RITE, ROCK 








Oct. 




CAMOMILE 










"Yellow" 


ITALIAN 


**Cnna vars. 


See page 357 




July to 




CANNA 








late 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 
6 paler 


LARKSPUR 
TICKSEED 


*Core6psis 

delphinifolia 


See page 296. 




Mid. 
July to 












mid. 












Sept. 



421 



YELLOW 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


STAR 


Coreopsis 


See page 296. 




Mid. 


6 deeper 


TICKSEED 


pube*scens 






July to 






C. auriculata 






late 












Sept. 


"Clear 
yellow" 


TALL 
TICKSEED 


*Core6psis 
tripteris 


See page 385. 




Aug., 
Sept. 


"Yellow" 


DAHLIA 


**Ddhlia 


See page 359. 




July to 






vars. 






late 












Oct. 


"Yellow" 


SWORD 


**Glad!olus 


See page 365. 




July to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Yellow" 


SNEEZE- 


**Helenium 


See page 386. 




Aug. 


5 deeper 


WEED, 


autumnale 






to late 




FALSE OR 


H. grandi- 






Sept. 




SWAMP 


ftorum 










SUN- 












FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


**Helenium 


See page 386. 




Aug., 


bet. 5&6 


FLOWERED 


autumnale 






Sept. 




SNEEZE- 


var. 










WEED 


^randiflorum 








"Yellow" 


DWARF 


**Helenium 


See page 386. 




<! 


6 


SNEEZE- 


autumnale 










WEED 


var. pumilum 








"Yellow" 


TALL 


**Helenium 


See page 386. 




|| 


5 


SNEEZE- 


autumnale 










WEED 


var. supe*rbum 












H. grandiflo- 












rum var. s. 








"Yellow" 


PURPLE- 


*Helenium 


See page 300. 




July to 


5 


HEADED 


nudiflorum 






Oct. 




SNEEZE- 


Leptopoda 










WEED 


bracbypoda 








"Yellow" 


NARROW- 


Helianthus 


See page 386. 




Aug. 


5 


LEAVED 


angustifolius 






:o 




OR SWAMP 








Sov. 




SUN- 












FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


THIN- 


*Helianthus 


See page 386. 




Aug. 


5 


LEAVED OR 


decape" talus 


. 




to late 




WILD SUN- 








Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 
6 


WILD SUN- 
FLOWER, 


Helianthus 
giganteus 


Striking plant. Flowers about 2$ 
in. across, rays i in. long, borne on 


3-1 2 ft. 
Sun 


Sarly 
Sept. 




INDIAN 




strong hairy stalks. Rough foliage. 




to mid. 




POTATO 




Effective in shrubbery. Prop, by 
division: divide every 2 years. Dry 




Oct. 








or moist soil, not too heavy. N. Amer. 












See Plate, page 423. 






"Yellow" 


SHOWY 


Helianthus 


See page 387. 




Aug., 


5 to 6 


SUN- 


laetifldrus 






Sept. 


darker, 


FLOWER 










centre 












dull 













422 




WILD SUNFLOWER. Helianthus giganteus. 



* 



PRAIRIE ASTER, ^^r turbinellus 



423 




424 



LINEAR-LEAVED SUNFLOWER. Hclianthus orgyalis. 



YELLOW 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


SMOOTH 


*Helianthus 


See page 387. 




Mid. 


5 


SUN- 


laevigatus 






Aug. 




FLOWER 








to Oct. 


"Yellow" 


MAXI- 


*Helianthus 


One of the most desirable Sun- 


2-8 ft. 


Early 


5 richer 


MILIAN'S 


Maximilian! 


flowers, graceful and stately; flowers 


Sun 


Sept. 




SUN- 




very late. Very large single blos- 




to 




FLOWER 




soms and willow-like foliage. Excel- 




Nov. 








lent for cutting. Good among shrubs. 












Prop, by division; divide every 2 












years. Dry soil, not too heavy. 












Western U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


LINEAR- 


*Helianthus 


Graceful and decorative plant. 


8-1 oft. 


Sept., 


5 richer 


LEAVED 


orgyalis 


Long spikes of small flowers terminate 


Sun 


early 




SUN- 


H. giganteus 


unbranched stalks densely sheathed 




oct; 




FLOWER 


var. crinitus 


with drooping grass-like foliage. Plant 












among shrubs. Prop, by division; 












divide every 2 years. Dry soil, not 












too heavy. S. Western U. S. A. See 












Plate, page 424. 






"Yellow" 


STIFF 


**Helianthus 


See page 387. 




Late 


bet. 5& 6 


SUN- 


rigidus var. 






Aug., 




FLOWER 


"Miss 






Sept. 




MISS 


Mellish" 










MELLISH 










"Orange 


PALE- 


Helianthus 


See page 300. 




Mid. 


yellow" 
6 


LEAVED 
WOOD SUN- 


strumdsus 






July 

to late 




FLOWER 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


WOOLLY 


Helianthus 


See page 387. 




Late 


5 


SUN- 


tomentosus 






Aug. 




FLOWER 








to late 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 
5 richer 


JERUSALEM 
ARTICHOKE 


Helianthus 
tuberdsus 


Plant often grown as vegetable. 
Numerous flowers 2-3 in. in diameter. 


5-1 2 ft. 

Sun 


Sept. 








Foliage rough. Effective in shrub- 












bery or wild places but apt to become a 
bad weed. Prop, by seed, division or 












cuttings. Loose dry loam. 






"Yellow" 


THROAT- 


Helianthus 


See page 300. 




Mid. 


5 


WORT 


trachelii- 






July to 




SUN- 


folius 






2 any 




FLOWER 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 


OXEYE, 


*Heli6psis 


See page 300. 




Mid. 


6 


FALSE SUN- 


lafevis 






July to 




FLOWER 


H. belian- 






ate 






tholdes 






Sept. 


"Yellow" 


PITCHER'S 


*Heli6psis 


See page 303. 




ti 


6. centre 


OXEYE OR 


sfevis var. 








7 


FALSE SUN- 


Pitcheriana 










FLOWER 


H. P. 








"Yellow" 


HOARY 


*Hibiscus 


See page 388. 




Aug., 


1 


MARSH OR 


mcanus 






Sept. 




ROSE 












MALLOW 











425 



YELLOW 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
5 


NARROW- 
LEAVED 


Hieracium 
umbellatum 


See page 388. 




Aug., 
Sept. 




HAWK- 








f 




WEED 










"Yellow" 


GRAY- 


*Le*pachys 


See page 200. 




June 


5 


HEADED 


pinnata 






to mid. 




CONE- 


Ratibida p., 






Sept. 




FLOWER 


Rudbeckia p. 








"Yellow" 


BIRD'S- 


L6tus 


See page 203. 




June 


3 


FOOT 


corniculatus 






to 




TREFOIL, 








Oct. 




BABIES* 












SLIPPERS 










"Bright 
yellow" 


GOLDEN 
SPIDER 


Lycoris aurea 
Amaryllis a., 


See page 389. 




Aug-. 
Sept. 


6 to 7 


LILY 


Nerine a. 








"Yellow" 


ICELAND 


**Papaver 


See page 35. 




Late 


5 or 6 


POPPY 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


brilliant 










July, 












late 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Yellow" 


YELLOW OR 


*Rudbckia 


See page 390 




Aug. 


5 


CALIFOR- 


Calif6rnica 






to 




NIA CONE- 








mid. 




FLOWER, 








Sept. 




WHORTLE- 












BERRY- 












LEAVED 












KNOT- 












FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


LARGE- 


*Rudbe*ckia 


See page 390. 




Late 


5 


FLOWERING 


grandifldra 






Aug., 




CONE- 








Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


**Rudbe*ckia 


See page 309. 




Late 


bet. 


GLOW 


;aciniata var. 






July to 


5&6 




flbre-pleno 






late 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


LARGE 


*Rudbe*ckia 


See page 390. 




Aug., 


5 


CONE- 


maxima 






Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Yellow" 
5 


SHINING 
CONE- 
FLOWER 


*Rudbe*ckia 
nitida 


Closely related to R. maxima, differ- 
ing principally in height and foliage. 
Leaves bright green. Prop, by seed, 


2-4 ft. 

Sun 


Sept. 








division or cuttings. Any garden soil. 












Southern U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


SWEET 


**Rudbe*ckia 


See page 391. 




Mid. 


bet. 


CONE- 


subtomentosa 






Aug. 


5&6 


FLOWER 








to Oct. 


"Yellow" 


WEBB'S 


Scabiosa 


See page 208. 




June 


3 pale 


SCABIOUS 


ochroleuca 






to 




ORPIN- 


5. Webbiana 






early 




CUSHION 








Sept. 




FLOWER 











426 



YELLOW. ORANGE 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 
5 


ROUGH 
ROSINWEED 


Sflphium 
aspe"rrimum 


See page 313. 




July to 
early 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


COMPASS 


**Silphium 


See page 313. 




Mid. 


5 


PLANT, 


laciniatum 






July to 




PILOT 








mid. 




WEED 








Sept. 


"Yellow" 
6 lighter 


CUP PLANT, 
INDIAN CUP 


*Silphium 
perfoliatum 


See page 313. 




" 


"Yellow" 


PRAIRIE 


*Silphium 


See page 392. 




Mid. 


5 


DOCK 


terebinthina- 






Aug. 






ceum 






to late 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


WHORLED 


Sflphium 


See page 313. 




Mid. 


6 lighter 


ROSINWEED 


trifoliatum 






July to 












mid. 












Sept. 


"Yellow" 


GOLDEN- 


*Solidigo 


See page 31). 




Late 


5 to 6 


ROD 








July to 
early 












Oct. 


"Yellow" 


CROCUS- 
FLOWERED 


**Trit6nia 
crocosmae- 


See page 314. 




July to 
Oct. 




BLAZING 


fldra vars. 










STAR 


Monibretia c. 








"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


**Viola 


See page 35. 




Late 


6 


HORNED 


cornuta var. 






Apr. 




VIOLET OR 


lutea major 






until 




BEDDING 








frost 




PANSY 










"Or- 


STRIPED 


*Helenium 


See page 393. 




Aug., 


ange' 1 


SNEEZE- 


autumnale 






Sept. 


5& 14 


WEED 


var. striatum 








"Or- 


ORANGE 


Hieracium 


See page 211. 




June 


ange" 


HAWK- 


aurantiacum 






to Oct. 


12 


WEED 










"Scarlet 


MAC WAN'S 


*Kniphofia 


A very neat dwarf species. Spikes 


1-2 ft. 


Sept., 


orange" 
13 


FLAME 
FLOWER 


Mac6wani 


of flowers rise well above grass-like 
foliage. Pretty in the border. Take 


Half 
shad* 


early 
Oct. 








up and store in winter or protect with 












leaves. Prop, by division. Any well- 












drained soil. S. Africa. 






"Scarlet 


EVER- 


**Kniph6fia 


See page 393. 




Early 


orange" 


BLOOMING 


Pfitzerii 






Aug. to 


effect 12 IFLAME 








early 


brighter 


FLOWER 








Oct. 


"Salmon 


DR. 


*Lflium 


See page 393. 




Aug., 


orange" 


HENRY'S 


He*nryi 






Sept. 


bet. 


LILY 










16 & 8 












"Deep 


ORANGE 


*Papaver 


See page 36. 




Late 


orange" 


ICELAND 


nudicaule 






Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


var. 






July. 


12&17 




aurantiacum 






ate 












Aug., 












Sept. 



427 



ORANGE, RED 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Deep 
orange" 


SMALL 
ICELAND 


*Papaver 
nudicaule var 


See page 36. 




Late 
Apr. to 


bet. 


POPPY 


miniatum 






July 


12 & 17 










J "v 

mid. 












Aug. 
to Oct. 


"Or- 


ORANGE 


*Rudbe*ckia 


See page 394. 




Mid. 


ange" 


CONE- 


fulgida 






Aug. 


7, centre 


FLOWER 








D 

to 


21 dark 










early 












Oct. 


"Or- 
ange" 


POTTS' 
BLAZING 


*Trit6nia 
P6ttsii 


See page 321. 




July to 
Oct. 


6 to 18 


STAR 


Montbretia P 








"Red" 


RED 


*Achillea 


See page 321. 




Mid. 


27 


YARROW OR Millefdlium 






July to 




MILFOIL 


var. rubrum 






J V l 

mid. 












Sept. 


"Purple 


WESTERN 


*Aster 


See page 394. 




Late 


crimson" 


SILKY 


sericeus 






Aug. to 


bet. 

41 &42 


OR SILVERY 
ASTER 


A. argenteus 






early 
Oct. 


"Red" 


FRENCH OR 


**Canna vars. 


See page 357. 




July to 




CROZY 








late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


"Red" 


ITALIAN 


**Canna vars. 


See page 358. 




it 




CANNA 










"Red" 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See page 359. 




July to 






vars. 






late 












Oct. 


"Red" 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See page 365. 




July to 




LILY : 


vars. 






Oct. 


"Red" 


CORAL OR 


**Heuchera 


See page 213. 




June 


26 


CRIMSON 


sanguinea 






to late 


brilliant 


BELLS 








Sept. 


"Scarlet" 
9 to 18 


FLAME 
FLOWER, 
TORCH 
LILY, 


*Kniph6fia 
aloides 
K. Uvaria, 
Tritoma 


Striking and tropical looking plant. 
Pyramidal spikes of flaming flowers, 
lower blossoms yellow, turning to 
red at the top, rise from a clump of 


3 ft. 
Half 
shade 


Sept., 
early 
Oct. 




RED-HOT 
POKER 
PLANT 


Uvaria 


drooping grass-like leaves. Effective 
massed in border against background 
or in shrubbery. Take up and store 












in winter or protect with leaves. 












Prop, by division. Any well-drained 












soil. Africa. See Plate, page 429. 












Var. grandiftora; (color no. bet. 9 












& 1 6), spikes and flowers larger than 












the type. Hort. Var. glaucescens; 












(color no. bet. 9 & 16), "vermilion- 












scarlet flowers changing to a more 












orange color, one of the freest bloom- 












ers." Foliage gray-green. S. Africa. 












Var. nobilis, (/. nobilis); (color no. 












17), a very fine robust form, 6-7 ft. 












high. Flowers, with prominent an- 












thers, i in. long varying to orange- 












scarlet. 







428 




RED-HOT POKER PLANT. Kniphofia aloides. 



429 




430 



JAPANESE WINDFLOWER. Anemone Japonica. 



RED, PINK 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Coral 


CORAL-RED 


*Kniphfia 


A cross between K. Macowani and 


I i-2 ft. 


Sept. 


red" 


FLAME 


corallina 


K. Uvaria. Free - flowering dwarf 


Half 




16 


FLOWER 




species. Oval spikes of flowers shad- 


shade 




brilliant 






ing to rose. Good for cutting. See 












K. aloides. Hort. 






"Crim- 


CARDINAL 


**Lobelia 


See page 396. 




Aug. 


son" 


FLOWER, 


cardinalis 






to mid. 


20 bright INDIAN 








Sept. 


&rich 


PINK 










"Red" 


OSWEGO 


**Monarda 


See page 217. 




Mid. 


20 lighter! TEA, BEE OR 


didyma 






June to 


centre 21|FRAGRANT 








early 


redder 


BALM 








Sept. 


"Red" 


PERENNIAL 
PHLOX 


**Phl6x pan- 
iculata vars. 


See page 370. 




July to 
Oct. 






P. decussata 








"Red" 


ALKEKENGI, 


Phy"salis 


See page 325. 




Fruit 




STRAW- 


Alkeke*ngi 






July to 




BERRY, 








late 




TOMATO, 








Oct. 




WINTER OR 












BLADDER 












CHERRY 










"Red" 


CHINESE 


*Phy"salis 


See page 325. 




it 




LANTERN 


Franche"tti 










PLANT 


P. Alkekengi 












var. 












Francloetii 








"Red" 


TARTARIAN 


*Statice 


See page 397. 




Early 


26 deep 


SEA 


Tatarica 






Aug. 




LAVENDER 


S. Besseriana, 






to 






S. incana var. 






early 






hybrida 






Sept. 


"Orange 


CROCUS- 


*Trit6nia 


See page 326. 




July to 


scarlet" 


FLOWERED 


crocosmae- 






Oct. 


often 16 


BLAZING 


flbra 








pinker 


STAR 


Montbretia c. 








"Ver- 


CALIFORNIA 


*Zauschneria 


See page 397. 




Late 


milion" 


FUCHSIA, 


Calif6rnica 






Aug., 


18 redder 


HUMMING- 








Sept. 




BIRD'S 












TRUMPET 




, 






"Rose" 


JAPANESE 


**Anem6ne 


One of the best autumn plants. 


2-4* ft. 


Late 


36, 


WIND- 


[ap6nica 


Beautiful large flowers with yellow 


Sun or 


Sept. 


darker 


FLOWER 




centres. Leaves handsome and mostly 


half 


to 


markings 






in clumps at base. Good for cutting. 


shade 


early 








Lovely under trees in masses, or in 




^ov. 








clumps in the border. Leave undis- 












turbed and protect in winter. Prop, by 
seed and division. Rich soil. China; 












Japan. See Plate, page 430. 












"Queen Charlotte;" (color no. 40 












duller), a fine distinct form having all 












the good qualities of the type; semi- 












double flowers. Hort. 







MAGENTA TO PINK 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Rosy 
pink" 


PINK 
JAPANESE 


**Anem6ne 
Japdnica 


Similar to A. Japonica; flowers and 
massive foliage of wax-like texture. 


4-5 ft- 

Sun or 


Late 
Sept. 


31 & 32 


ANEMONE 


var. rubra 


Good for cutting and attractive for 


half 


to 








the border and in masses. Treat like 


shade 


early 








A. Japonica: Prop, by seed and divi- 




Nov. 






* 


sion. Rich soil. Hort. 






"Like 


HYBRID 


*Aster 


Beautiful and graceful dwarf Aster, 


2 it. 


Sept. 


rose" 


ITALIAN 


Ame'llus var. 


bearing an abundance of large flowers 


Sun 




near 43 


STARWORT 


h^bridus 


with orange centres. Good for plant- 












ing in the border. Prop, by seed and 












division. Europe. 






"Rose" 


VARIE- 


*C61chicum 


Rather large crocus-like flowers, 


3-6 in. 


Early 


effect 43 


GATED 
MEADOW 


variegatum. 


checkered with purple, appearing be- 
fore the foliage. Plant in clumps in 


Sun or 

half 


Sept. 
to 




SAFFRON 




grassy places or among foliage in rock- 
garden and border. Bulbous. Sandy 


shade 


early 
Oct. 








loamy soil, rich and light. Asia Minor; 












Greece. 






"Pink 
etc." 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 
vars. 


See page 359. 




July to 
late 












Oct. 


"Pink" 


SWORD 
LILY 


**Gladiolus 
vars. 


See page 365. 




July to 
Oct. 


"Pink" 


HALBERT- 


*Hibiscus 


See page 401. 




Aug., 


22 very 


LEAVED 


militaris 






early 


pale ' iROSE 


H. Virginicus 






Sept. 


centre 33 MALLOW 


''?: ' 









"Rose" SWAMP 


*Hibiscus 


See page 401. 




Aug., 


36, ROSE, 


Moscheiitos 






Sept. 


centre 33 ROSE 


H. palustris 










MALLOW 










"Pink" 


SPOTTED 


**Lilium 


See page 401. 







36, 

spotted 


LILY 

J, ",-,- 1. " 


specidsum 
L. land- 








27 




folium 








"Pink" 


HANDSOME 


**Lflium 


See page 401. 




H 


white & 


MELPO- 


speciosum 








23 


MENE LILY 


var. 












Melp6mene 








"Reddish 


HANDSOME 


**Lflium 


See page 401. 




Ci 


pink" 


RED LILY 


specidsum 








white & 




var. rubrum 








26 deeper 












"Rose" 
38 more 


MUSK 
MALLOW 


*Malva 

moschata 


See page 332. 




July to 
early 


violet 










Sept. 


"Pink" 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x pan- 


See page 370. 




July to 




PHLOX 


iculata vars. 






Oct. 






P. decussata 








"Rose" 


AUTUMN 


*Scffla 


See page 333. 




Late 


27 


SQUILL, 


autumnalis 






July to 




STARRY 








Oct. 




HYACINTH 











432 




CORAL BELLS. Heuchera sanguinea. 



433 





434 



PINK, PURPLE TO LILAC 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
. Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


EWER'S 


*Sedum 


More or less trailing plant. Flow- 


4-6 in. 


Sept., 


plish 


TURKESTAN Ewersii var. 


ers in close globular clusters. Broad 


Sun 


early 


pink" 


STONECROP 


Turkestani- 


glaucous leaves. "Hardy in Mass." 




Oct. 


27 lighter 




cum 


Good for carpeting. Prop, preferably 
by division. Sandy soil best. Tur- 












kestan. 






"Pink" 


LYDIAN 


Sedum 


See page 402. 




Aug., 




STONECROP 


Lydium 






Sept. 


"Pink- 


LARGEST 


*Sedum 


Vigorous bushy plant, bold and 


I -2 ft. 


Mid. 


ish" 


STONECROP 


maximum 


stately. Flowers, spotted with red, 


Sun 


Sept. 


dull 22 in 






in lax panicles. Broad pulpy leaves. 




to 


effect 






Good for massing in the border or 




early 








rock-garden. Prop, preferably by 




Oct. 








division. Easily grown in any poor 












gravelly soil. Europe; Asia. 












Var. purpureum, purple leaves. 






"Pink" 


SIEBOLD'S 


*Sedum 


See page 402. 




Aug. 


38 lighter 


STONECROP 


Sieboldii 






to mid. 












Sept. 


"Rose" 


SHOWY 


**Sedum 


See page 402. 




Late 


38 or 32 


SEDUM 


spectabile 






Aug. 


lighter 




S. Fab aria 






to mid. 












Sept. 


"Pink- 


JAPANESE 


*Tricy"rtis 


An interesting plant. Lily -like 


i -3 ft. 


Late 


ish" 
39 lighter 


TOAD LILY 


hirta 
T. Japdnica 


purple-spotted flowers on erect leafy 
stems. Blooms so late that it is apt 


Half 
shade 


Sept., 
Oct. 








to be injured by frost. Associate with 












Trilliums, etc., in rock-garden. Prop. 












by offsets. Light sandy loam with 












leaf-mold. Japan. 












Var. nigra, desirable as it flowers a 












few weeks earlier. Hort. 






"Purple" 


BESSA- 


*Aster 


See page 403. 




Aug., 


46 


RABIAN 


Amellus var. 






Sept. 




ASTER 


Bessarabicus 












A. Bessard- 












bicus 








Violet" 
47 


RUSH 
ASTER 


*Aster 
unceus 


See page 337. 




fuly to 
early 












Sept. 


"Violet" 


SAVORY- 


* Aster lina- 


See page 337. 




f uly to 


bet. 


LEAVED 


riifdlius 






Oct. 


46&47 


ASTER 


Diplopappus 












inariifolius 








"Violet" 


LINDLEY'S 


*Aster 


See page 403. 




Aug. to 


44 pale 


ASTER 


Lindleyanus 






early 












Oct. 


"Purple" 


NEW 


**Aster 


See page 404 and Plate, page 434. 




Mid. 


48 redder 


ENGLAND 
ASTER OR 


N6vae Angliae 






Aug. 
o late 




STARWORT 








Sept. 


"Blue 


NEW YORK 


*Aster Novi 


Vigorous plant with numerous flow- 


3-5 ft. 


Sept., 


violet" 


STARWORT 


Be-lgii 


ers. Shrubbery and border. Prop. 


Sun 


early 


44 






by seed and division. Prefers moist 




Oct. 








soil. N. Amer. 







435 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Bluish 


LATE 


*Aster 


Low spreading plant with slender 


1-2 ft. 


Sept. 


purple" 
41 light 


PURPLE 
ASTER 


patens 


stems. Solitary flowers with yellow 
centres. Foliage rather rough. One 
of the weaker and shorter lived species. 


Sun or 

half 
shade 










Border plant. There is a pink var. 












Prop, by division. Any soil. N. 












Amer. 






"Blue 


SHORT'S 


**Aster 


A tall pretty species. Flowers 


2-4 ft. 


Late 


violet" 


ASTER 


Sh6rtii 


abundant in long clusters in late fall. 


Sun or 


Sept. 


44 pinker 






Good for the border and in groups. 


shade 


to late 








Prop, by division. N. Amer. 




Oct. 


"Violet" 


SIBERIAN 


*Aster 


See page 404. 




Aug., 


47 


ASTER OR 


Sibiricus 






Sept. 




STARWORT 










"Purple" 


LOW 


*Aster 


See page 404. 




Late 


49 


SHOWY 


spectabilis 






Aug. 




OR SEASIDE 








to mid. 




PURPLE 








Sept. 




ASTER 










"Purple" 


TARTARIAN 


**Aster 


Late blooming species with large 


7 ft. or 


Late 


46 


ASTER 


Tataricus 


flowers. Lance-shaped foliage some- 


less 


Sept., 








times 2 ft. long. Effective in the 


Sun or 


Oct. 








shrubbery or rear of the border. Prop. 


half 










by seed and division. Siberia. 


shade 




"Mauve" 


PRAIRIE 


**Aster 


Graceful plant, valuable for its late 


2-4 ft. 


Mid. 


47 light 


ASTER 


turbinellus 


flowers, which grow in clusters. Ex- 


Sun 


Sept. 


& pinker 






cellent for the border or for naturali- 




to 








zation. Prop, by division. Easy of 




Nov. 








cultivation. N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 423. 






"Pinkish 


BROAD- 


**Bolt6nia 


See page 337. 




Late 


laven- 


SCALED 


iatisquama 






July to 


der" 


BOLTONIA 








Oct. 


43 pinker 












"Purple" MEADOW 


**C61chicum 


See page 407. 




Aug., 


37 deeper SAFFRON 


autumnale 






Sept. 


"Violet" HANDSOME 
37 deeper MEADOW 


**C61chicum 

speciosum 


Very large crocus-like flowers, vary- 
ing to pink, appear earlier than the 


6-12 in. 
Sun or 


Early 
Sept. 




SAFFRON 




leaves. Plant in clumps in grass or 


half 


to 








foliage in rock-garden or border. 


shade 


early 








Bulbous. Sandy loamy soil, rich and 




Oct. 








light. Caucasus. 






"Lilac" 


SAFFRON 


Crbcus 


The commonest fall-blooming spe- 


6 in. 


Sept., 


bet 


CROCUS 


sativus 


cies. Fragrant funnel-form flowers 


Sun 


early 


44445 






marked with deeper and lighter shades 




Oct. 








of the same color; sometimes with 












white. Border or rock-garden. Bulb- 












ous. Prop, by offsets. Deep well- 












drained soil. S. Europe; Asia Minor. 






"Bright 
lilac" 


HANDSOME 
AUTUMN 


*Cr6cus 

speciosus 


The handsomest kind. Large fun- 
nel-form flowers, with prominent 


6-8 in. 
Sun 


it 


44 or 46 


CROCUS 




orange stigmas, and striped with 












darker lilac, appear earlier than the 










% 


long narrow leaves. Charming 












grouped in the border or rock-garden. 












Bulbous. Prop, by offsets. Deep well- 












drained soil. S. Europe; Asia Minor. 







436 



PURPLE TO LILAC 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


MARYLAND 


*Cunila 


See page 407. 


i 


Aug., 


plish" 48 


DITTANY 


Mariana 






Sept. 


"Pur- 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See page 359. 




July to 


plish" 




vars. 






late 












Oct. 


"Pale 


LANCE- 


**Funkia 


See page 340. 




Late 


lilac" 
47 pale 


LEAVED 
DAY OR 


lancifolia 
F. Japonica 






July to 
early 




PLANTAIN 








Sept. 




LILY 










"Violet" 


COMMON 


Lav&ndula 


See page 408. 




Late 


55 


LAVENDER 


Spica 


. 




Aug. 












to mid. 












Sept. 


"Purple" 


TWO- 


Lespedeza 


See page 408. 




Early 


33 bluer 


FLOWERED 


Mcolor 






Aug., 




BUSH 


Desmbdium p. 






early 




CLOVER 








Oct, 


"Rose 
purple" 


VON 
SIEBOLD'S 


**Lespedeza 
Siebbldi 


Splendid vigorous plant. Droop- 
ing pea-like flowers in long graceful 


4-6 ft. 
Sun 


Early 
Sept. 


39 & 40 


BUSH 


L. formosa, 


clusters. Profusion of dull green 




to mid. 




CLOVER 


L. racemosa, 


compound leaves. Ornamental in 




Oct, 






Desmbdium 
pendulifldrum 


the border or edge of shrubbery. Prop, 
by division or green cuttings. Easily 












cultivated. Japan. 






"Purple" 


LOOSE- 
FLOWERED 


*Liatris 
graminifdlia 


See page 341. 




July to 
Oct. 




BUTTON 


Lacinaria 










SNAKEROOT 


gramini folia 








"Purple" 


DENSE- 


**Liatris 


See page 408. 




Aug. 


42 lighter 


SPIKED 


pycnostachya 






to mid. 




BLAZING 








Sept. 




STAR 










"Dark 


SCARIOUS 


**Liatris 


See page 408. 




Aug., 


laven- 


BLAZING 


scaribsa 






Sept. 


der" 47 


STAR 










"Deep 


DENSE 


**Liatris 


See page 341 




Mid. 


purple" 


BUTTON 


spicata 






July to 


46 


SNAKE- 


Lacinaria 






early 




ROOT, GAY 


spicata 






Sept. 




FEATHER 










"Ma- 


COMMON 


*Liatris 


See page 408. 




Aug., 


genta 


BLAZING 


squarrdsa 






early 


purple" 


STAR, 








Sept. 


45 more 


COLIC 










purple 


ROOT 










"Deep 
purple" 


WING- 
ANGLED 


L^thrum 

alatum 


Erect bushy plant. Solitary stem- 
less axillary flowers. Leaves small 


2-5 ft. 
Sun 


Sept., 
early 


39 


LOOSE- 




and numerous, alternate on the 




Oct. 




STRIFE 




flower stalks. Shrubbery or water 












side. Prop, by division. Any moist 












soil. N. Amer. 






"Deep 


VIOLET 


Petalostemon 


See page 245. 




[une 


violet" 


PRAIRIE 


violaceus 











CLOVER 


Kuhntstera 






frost 



437 



PURPLE TO LILAC, BLUE 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Purple, 
lilac" 


PERENNIAL 
PHLOX 


**Phl6x pan- 
iculata vars. 


See page 370. 




July to 
Oct. 






P. decussata 








"Bluish 


SMALL OR 


Scabiosa 


See page 246. 




June 


purple" LILAC- 


Columbaria 






to 


near 50 


FLOWERED 








Oct. 




SCABIOUS 










"Purple" 
49 


MOUNTAIN 
SKULLCAP 


*Scutellaria 

a lp in a 


See page 343. 




Early 
July to 






. 






late 












Sept. 


"Dull 


TALL SEA 


Stance elata 


See page 344. 




Mid. 


violet" 
47 


LAVENDER 








July to 
early 













Sept. 


"Blue 


GMELIN'S 


Statice 


See page 344. 




Late 


violet" 
44 


SEA 
LAVENDER 


jmelini 






July to 
early 












Sept. 


"Bluish 


BROAD- 


**Stdtice 


See page 344. 




It 


purple" 


LEAVED SEA 


latifdlia 








47 


LAVENDER 










"Purple" 
41 richer 


GREAT 
IRONWEED 


*Vern6nia 
Arkansana 


Rough, vigorous and strong grow- 
ing plant. Flower-heads in large flat- 


8-1 2 ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 
Sept. 






V ' . crinita 


topped clusters. Striking for use 




to 








among shrubs or in the back of bor- 




early 








der. Prop, by division. Good soil 




Oct. 








necessary. Mo.; Kan. to Texas; 












Plains, S. Western U. S. A. 






"Deep 


SUBSESSILE 


**Ver6nica 


See page 410. 




Early 


blue 


LONG- 


ongifdlia 






Aug. 


purple" 


LEAVED 


var. 






:o mid. 


55 


VERONICA 


subse'ssilis 






Sept. 






y. spicata 








"Violet" 


HORNED 


**Viola 


See page 48. 




Late 


47 or 49 


VIOLET, 
BEDDING 


cornuta 






Apr 
until 




PANSY 








frost 


"Deep 


AUTUMN 


**Aconitum 


See page 345. 




Mid. 


blue" 


ACONITE, 


autumnale 






[uly to 


56 


MONKS- 








nid. 




HOOD OR 




.' 




Sept. 




WOLFSBANE 










"Deep 


TRUE 


**Acon!tum 


See page 345. 




Mid. 


purple 


MONKS- 


Nape*llus 






luly to 


blue" 


HOOD OR 


A. pyrami- 






early 


near 49 


OFFICINAL 


dale, 






Sept. 




ACONITE 


A. Tauricum 








"Light 


SMOOTH 


**Aster 


Beautiful species with smooth foli- 


4 ft. 


Sept., 


blue" 


ASTER 


aevis 


age. Flowers with yellow centres in 


Sun or 


early 


44 bluer 






dense panicles. Good for bold effects in 


half 


Oct. 








the borderor shrubbery. Prop, by seed 
and division. Any good soil. N. Amer. 


shade 










Var. Jormostssima; (color no. bet. 












44 & 40), late Aug. to late Sept. 







438 



BLUE 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Lilac 


MAACK'S 


**Aster 


See page 411. 




Mid. 


blue" 53 


ASTER 


Maackii 






Aug. 


lighter & 










to late 


brighter 










Sept. 


"Cobalt 


BLUE- 


Ceratostfgma 


See page 411. 




Late 


blue" 


FLOWERED 


plumbagi- 






Aug., 


61 


LEADWORT 


noides 






Sept. 






Plumbago 












Ldrpentce, 












Valor adia p. 








"Light 


HERAC- 


*Cle*matis 


See page 411. 




Aug., 


blue" 


LEUM- 


heracleaefolia 






Sept. 


44 bluer 


LEAVED 


C. tubulbsa 










CLEMATIS 










"Light 


ERECT 


**Cle*matis 


Robust plant of erect habit. Tube- 


4-5 ft. 


Sept., 


blue" 


HERAC- 


heracleaefolia 


shaped flowers in clusters. Excellent 


Sun 


early 


46 


LEUM- 


var. stans 


foliage. Charming in the border or 




Oct. 




LEAVED 


C. stdns 


rock - garden. Prop, by division. 








CLEMATIS 




Rich deep soil. Japan. 






"Blue" 
51 


MIST 
FLOWER 


*Conoclmium 
ccelestinum 


Flowers in tight flat-topped clusters 
on leafy stems. Useful for the border. 


1-2 ft. 

Sun 


M 






Eupatbrium 


Protect slightly in winter. Prop, by 










ccelesttnum 


cuttings. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Ame- 


AMETHYST 


**Eryngium 


See page 254. 




June 


thyst 


SEA HOLLY 


ameth^st- 






to 


blue" 




inum. 






early 


63 lighter 










Sept. 


"Blue" 


BOURGAT'S 


*Er^ngium 


See page 348. 




Mid. 


63 


ERYNGO 


Bourgati 






July to 
early 












Sept. 


"Blue" 


DANEWEED, 


Eryngium 


See page 348. 







63 lighter 


HUNDRED 


campe"stre 










THISTLE 










"Deep 


CLOSED 


Gentiana 


See page 412. 




Aug., 


blue" 


BOTTLE OR 


Andre'wsii 






Sept. 


56 


BLIND 


G. Catesbcei 










GENTIAN 










"Deep 
blue" 


WILLOW 
GENTIAN 


*Gentiana 
asclepiadea 


See page 351. 




July to 
early 


59 lighter 










Sept. 


"Blue" 


FRINGED 


*Gentiana 


A charming native biennial found 


1-2 ft. 


Sept., 


53 lighter 


GENTIAN 


crinita 


in damp meadows. Erect with lovely 
terminal fringed flowers, which close 


Half 
shade 


Oct. 








in dull weather. Wild or rock-garden. 












Prop, very slowly by seed, also by 












division. Leave undisturbed. Good 












moist soil. N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 44-1. 






"Blue" 


WIND 


Gentiana 


See page 412. 




Aug., 


60 


FLOWER, 
HARVEST 


Pneumo- 

nanthe 






Sept. 




BELLS 










"Light 


BARREL OR 


*Gentiana 


See page 412. , 




Aug., 


blue" 62 


SOAPWORT 


Saponaria 






Sept. 


greener 


GENTIAN 


G. Catesbcei 









439 



BLUE, PARTI-COLORED, 



SEPTEMBER 



VARIOUS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Blue" 


GREAT 


**Lobelia 


See page 413. 




Mid. 


46 


LOBELIA, 


syphilitica 






Aug. 




BLUE 








to late 




CARDINAL 








Sept. 




FLOWER 










"Blue" 
often 56 


BALLOON 
FLOWER, 
JAPANESE 


**Platyc6don 
grandiflbrum 

WaUenbergia 


See page 352. 




Early 
July to 
Oct. 




BELL- 


grandiflbra, 










FLOWER 


Campanula g. 








"Blue" 


PITCHER'S 


*Salvia 


See page 413. 




Late 


52 


SAGE 


azurea var. 






Aug., 






grandiflbra 






Sept. 






5. Pitcberi 






f 


"Pale 


GRASS- 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 262. 




June 


blue" 


LEAVED 


graminifolia 






to 


often bet. 


SCABIOUS 








Oct. 


43 &44 












"Bluish" 


WOODLAND 


*Scabi6sa 


See page 262. 




Early 


near 39 


SCABIOUS 


sylvatica 






June 


paler 










to late 












Sept. 


"Blue" 


STOKES* 


**Stokesia 


See page 414. 




Aug. to 


52 dull 


ASTER 


cyanea 






early 












Oct. 


Parti- 


FRENCH 


**Canna 


See page 357. 




July to 


colored 


OR CROZY 


vars. 






late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


Parti- 


ITALIAN 


**Canna 


See page 358. 




M 


colored 


CANNA 


vars. 








"White" 


PARKIN- 


*C61chicum 


See page 414. 




Aug., 


&34 


SON'S 


Parkinsoni 






Sept. 




CHECK- 












ERED 












MEADOW 












SAFFRON 










Parti- 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See page 359. 




July to 


colored 




vars. 






late 












Oct. 


6 shading 


GREAT- 


**Gaillardia 


See page 263. 




June 


from 


FLOWERED 


aristata 






to 


19 to 14 


GAILLARDIA 


G. grandifldra 






Nov. 


Parti- 
colored 


SWORD 
LILY 


**Gladiolus 
vars. 


See page 365. 




July to 
Oct. 


Various 


FRENCH 
OR CROZY 


**Canna 
vars. 


See page 357. 




July to 
late 




CANNA 








Sept. 


Various 


ITALIAN 


**Canna 


See page 358. 









CANNA 


vars. 








Various 


HARDY 
CHRYSAN- 


*Chrysanthe- 
mum vars. 


Single Hardy Chrysanthemums. 
Pretty daisy-like flowers, effective but 


2-3 ft. 
Sun 


Sept., 
Oct. 




THEMUM 




less known than the button form. 












Require protection when in bloom. 












Prop, by seed and cuttings. Any 
good garden soil. Hort. Some good 







440 




FRINGED GENTIAN. Gentiana crinita. 



441 




OFTHE 

UNIVERSITY 



OF 




442 



VARIOUS 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








vars. are: * Boston; (effect color nos. 












10 to 13 redder, centre 4), yellowish 








- 




orange. Constance; (sulphur-white 
with centre color no. 4), yellowish 












white with dull yellow centre. *Miss 
Rhoe; (color no. 6 lightly suffused 












with 13), rich yellow tinged with 












orange. *Sir Walter Raleigh; (color 












nos. 10 to 14), yellow merging into 












terra cotta. * Northumberland; (ef- 












fect 19 deep, centre 4), vermilion with 












yellow centre. 












Anemone-flowered Pompon Chrys- 












anthemums. Pretty single flowers 












resembling Japanese Anemones, less 












hardy than the Button Pompons, but 












grown in open air successfully. Pro- 












tect in winter. Prop, by seed and 












cuttings. Rich mellow soil. Hort. 












Some good vars. are: Antonicus, 












bright yellow. Clara Owen, pale 












straw color. Descartes, crimson-red. 












* Emily Rowbottom; (white with cen- 












tre color no. 2), white with pale yellow 












centre. *Reine des Anemones; (white 












tinged with color no. 36 pale, centre 












4 dull), pinkish white with large yel- 












low centre. Rose Marguerite; (color 












bet. nos. 40 & 41, centre dull 4), dull 












magenta with large yellow centre. 












Aster or Large-flowering Pompon 












Chrysanthemums. Brilliantly beauti- 












ful large double flowers, larger and 












looser petaled than the old-fashioned 












button-shaped Pompons and not as 












hardy. Effective in rows or masses in 












border or edge of shrubbery. Prop. 












by seed and cuttings. Any good gar- 












den soil. Hort. See Plate, page 442. The 












following are some of the best kinds: 












White vars.: Asbbury, sulphur- 












white. Hester, pearl-white. ** Prince 












of Wales, pure white. *Queen of the 












Whites, pure white. *Saur Melanie, 












pure white, rather ragged petals. St. 












Anselm, pure white. 












Yellow vars. : * Allen Town; (color 












no. bet. 6 pale & 7), semi-double. 












Bohemia; (color no. 3), clear yellow. 












Petals rather large and semi-double. 












*Douckelaori; (color no. 3), clear yel- 












low. Fred J.; (color no. 6 very light), 












warm light yellow. * Globe d'Or; 












(color no. 3 light), clear yellow. A 












standard var. Sir Michael; (color 












no. 3), lemon -yellow. Sunshine; 












(color no. 3), clear yellow. Petals 












somewhat ragged. Zenobia; (color 












no. 3), rather large and loose petals. 







443 



VARIOUS 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








Orange, Red and Terra Cotta vars.: 












Alice Carey, bright orange. **Cowen- 












ton; (color no. 13 light streaked with 












4), terra cotta and yellow. *Mont- 












clair; (color no. 13 streaked with 4), 












terra cotta and yellow. Mrs. Porter; 












(color no. 2 pale suffused with color 












no. bet. 13 & 14), bronze. *Mrs. 












Vincent; (color no. 35), maroon-red. 












* Patterson; (color no. 3 suffused with 












13 light), "old gold." Sadie, "bronze- 












orange." *Sunset; (color no. 1 6 suf- 












fused with 13 redder), rich terra cotta. 












The C{ar; (color no. 7 pale, much suf- 












fused with 13 & 14), golden bronze." 












Pink vars. : Arabella, "crimson- sal- 












mon." Blenheim, "silver-pink." Cerise 












Queen, "cerise-pink." Constance, light 












pink. Daybreak, "day break-pink." Du- 
lutb, "salmon-pink." Empress, rose- 
pink. Gloire de France, "silver-pink." 
*Hijos; (color no. 22 shading to cream- 












white), primrose-pink. Large. Lady 












de Vaul, "violet-pink." Madeline, 












pink. Salem, rose-pink. *Sberidan; 












(color no. 22 suffused with 25 redder), 












deep rose-pink. Crola; (color no. 












bet. 32 & 39), rosy pink suffused with 












color no. 36), pink. * Viola; (color 












no. bet. 32 & 39), rosy pink. 












Lilac and Magenta vars.: * Fred 












Peele; (color no. 32), light lilac. 












Hamlet; (color nos. 27 & 33), crimson- 












magenta. * King Philip; (color no. 












33 dull and dark), dark crimson- 












magenta. Little Pet; (color no. 33), 












crimson-magenta. Very small button. 












Button or Small-flowering Pompon 
Chrysanthemums. Charming and ef- 












fective double flowers, the last to suc- 












cumb to winter, blooming after the 












frost and even in the snow. Decora- 












tive massed in the border or edge of 












shrubbery. Prop, by seed and cut- 












tings. Any good garden soil. Hort. 












See Plate, page 442. The following 












are a few of the best vars.: 












White vars.: Anna Mary, creamy 












white. *James Boon, pure white. 












L Ami Condercbet, cream-white. Very 












small but numerous flowers. Nor- 












wood, pure white. Paragon, pure 
white. *Snowdrop, pure white. Very 












small, 












Yellow vars.: Fasbion, "maize-yel- 












low." Golden Fleece, pure yellow. 












Mignon; (color no. 4), rich golden 












yellow. Very small button. *Savan- 
nab; (color no. 3 intense), intense yel- 







444 



VARIOUS 



SEPTEMBER 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








low, small button. Tennyson, pure 












yellow. 












Orange vars. : Agalia, light orange. 












* Golden Pheasant; (color no. 13), 












deep orange-yellow. * Gold finch; 












(color nos. o & 13 light), "golden yel- 












low shaded crimson." Effect orange. 












Henrietta; (color no. 13), bright yel- 












lowish terra cotta. 












Red vars.: * Black Douglas, dark 












maroon. Dundee, "scarlet-maroon." 












Erminie; (effect color no. 13 redder), 












bright orange-scarlet. Little Bob, 












brownish crimson. * Northumberland; 












(effect color no. 19 deep, centre 4), 












cardinal. Pretty single flower. Ruby 












Queen; (color no. 34), garnet-red with 












yellow centre. Rufus; (color no. 14 












redder), pure terra cotta. 












Pink vars. : Austin, "pink." Blush- 












ing Bride, "light pink." *Dawn; 












(color no. 36 shading to 33), pale 
shading to deeper shell-pink. Dini- 












%ulu; (color no. 38 to white), bluish 












pink. Jeanette, deep rose. *Rboda; 












sulphur-white. 






Various 


DAHLIA 


**Dahlia 


See page 359. 




July to 






vars. 






late 












Oct. 


Various 


SWORD 


**Gladiolus 


See page 365. 




July to 




LILY 


vars. 






Oct. 


Various 


PERENNIAL 


**Phl6x pan- 


See page 370. 




<t 




PHLOX 


culata vars. 












P. decussata 








Various 


MOUNTAIN 
FLEECE 


*Pol^gonum 

amplexicaule 
P. multiflo- 


Tufted plant with rose-red or 
creamy white flowers in spikes. Nu- 
merous heart-shaped leaves. Suita- 


2-3 ft. 
Sun or 

half 


Sept., 
early 
Oct. 






rum, P. 


ble for the border. Prop, by division, 


shade 








oxyphyllum, 


sometimes by seed. Any garden 










3 . speciosum 


soil. Himalaya. 






Various 


PANSY, 


*Viola 


See page 68. 




Mid. 




HEARTS- 


ricolor 






Apr. 




EASE 








:o mid. 













Sept. 


- 



445 



THE BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS* 


Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Acanthus mollis & 


BEAR'S BREECH 


July, Aug. 


Various, 


3-4 ft. 


Sun 


354. 


var. latif olius 


& VAR. 




purple 






337 


Acanthus 


VERY PRICKLY 


it 


Various 


ii 


ii 


357 


spinosissimus 


BEAR'S BREECH 












Acanthus spinosus 


PRICKLY BEAR'S 


H 


ii 


ii 


ii 


357 




BREECH 












Achillea Ptarmica 


DOUBLE 


June to 


White 


if*ift. 


ii 


167 


var. "The Pearl" 


SNEEZEWORT 


Oct. 










Aconitum autumnale 


AUTUMN ACONITE 


Mid. July to 


Blue 


3-5 ft- 


Sun or 


345 






mid. Sept. 






shade 




Aconitum Napellus & 


TRUE MONKS- 


Mid.July to 


Blue, 


3-4 ft. 


ii 


2 7> 


var. album 


HOOD & VAR. 


early Sept. 


white 






274 


Aconitum uncinatum 


WILD 


Mid. June 


Purple 


3-5 ft- 


Sun or half 


2 33 




MONKSHOOD 


to Sept. 






shade 




Adonis vernalis 


SPRING ADONIS 


Mid. Apr. 


Yellow 


8-15 in. 


it 


2 3 






to June 










Ajuga Genevensis 


ERECT BUGLE 


May 


Blue 


6-8 in. 


Sun or 


141 












shade 




Ajuga reptans 


BUGLE 


Early May 


it 


3-4 in. 


ii 


141 






to mid.June 










Allium Holy 


GOLDEN GARLIC 


Mid. Apr. 


Yellow 


i ft. 


it 


24 






to June 










Althaea rosea 


HOLLYHOCK 


July, Aug. 


Various 


5-8 ft. 


Sun 


357 


Alyssum saxatile 


ROCK MADWORT 


Mid. Apr.to 


Yellow 


i ft. 


it 


24 






late May 










Alyssum saxatile var. 


COMPACT ROCK 


Mid. Apr. 


(t 


it 


it 


24 


compactum 


MADWORT 


to June 










Amsonia 


AMSONIA 


Late May, 


Blue 


2-3 ft. 


ii 


142 


Taberaaemontana 




early June 










Anemone Japonica 


JAPANESE 


Late Sept. 


Rose, 


2-5 ft. 


Sun or half 


43>. 


& vars. 


WINDFLOWER 


to early 


white, 




shade 


416 




& VARS. 


Nov. ' 


pink 








Anemone sylvestris 


SNOWDROP 


Late Apr. 


White 


!-I*ft. 


ii 


1 1 




WINDFLOWER 


to mid.July 










Aquilegia caerulea 


LONG-SPURRED 


Mid. May 


Blue 


II 


SMI 


'45 




COLUMBINE 


to July 










Aquilegia chry santha 


GOLDEN-SPURRED 


Late May 


Yellow 


3-4 ft. 


ii 


96 




COLUMBINE 


to late Aug. 










Aquilegia formosa 


HYBRID CALIFOR- 


Mid. May 


Red 


i-i-Jft. 


ii 


114 


var. hybrida 


NIAN COLUMBINE 


to July 










Aquilegia glandulosa 


ALTAIAN 


May, June 


Blue 


i-iift. 


ii 


'45 




COLUMBINE 












* AH plants in this list are prefixed in the previous text by a idouble star, indicating their excellence. 



446 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Aquilegia vulgaris 
var. nivea 


WHITE 
COLUMBINE 


Mid. May 
to July 


White 


2-3 ft. 


Sun 


72 


Arabis albida 


WHITE ROCK 


Early Apr. 


u 


6-8 in. 


u 


1 1 




CRESS 


to June 










Armeria maritima 


CUSHION PINK 


Mid. May 


Pink 


3-6 in. 


u 


118 






to mid.June 










Armeria maritima 


LAUCHE'S 


Late Apr. 


ti 


it 


H 


39 


var. Laucheana 


THRIFT 


to mid.June 










Asclepias tuberosa 


BUTTERFLY 


Early July 


Orange 


2-3 ft. 


It 


3i7 




WEED 


to early 














Aug. 










Aster alpinus & var. 
albus 


BLUE ALPINE 
ASTER & VAR. 


Late May to 
late June 


Violet, 
white 


3-10 in. 


Sun or half 
shade 


128, 
75 


Aster laevis 


SMOOTH ASTER 


Sept., 


Blue 


4 ft. 


tt 


438 






early Oct. 










Aster Novae Angliae 


NEW ENGLAND 


Mid. Aug. 


Purple 


3-7 ft. 


Sun 


404 




ASTER 


to late Sept. 










Aster Shortii 


SHORT'S ASTER 


Late Sent. 


Violet 


2-4 ft. 


Sun or 


435 






to late Oct. 






shade 




Aster Tartaricus 


TARTARIAN 


Late Sept., 


Purple 


7 ft. or less 


Sun or half 


436 




ASTER 


Oct. 






shade 




Aster turbinellus 


PRAIRIE ASTER 


Mid. Sept. 


Mauve 


2-4 ft. 


Sun 


436 






to Nov. 










Astilbe Chinensis 


CHINESE GOAT'S 


July, early 


Pink 


I*-2ft. 


Half shade 


329 




BEARD 


Aug. 










Astilbe decandra 


FALSE GOAT'S 


Early June 


White 


3-6 ft. 





1 68 




BEARD 


to early July 










Astilbe Japonica 


JAPANESE FALSE 
GOAT'S BEARD 


Mid. June 
to mid.July 


i 


.-3 ft. 





1 68 


Aubrietia deltoidea 


PURPLE ROCK 


Early Apr. 


Violet 


2-10 in. 


Sun or half 


43 




CRESS 


to late May 






shade 




Baptisia australis 


BLUE WILD 


Late May 


Blue 


4-4* ft- 


Sun 


277 




INDIGO 


to mid.June 










Bocconia cordata 


PLUME POPPY 


Early July 


White 


3-8 ft. 





277 






to early 














Aug. 










Boltonia glastifolia 


WOAD-LEAVED 


Aug., Sept. 


M 


4-5 ft. 





376 




BOLTONIA 












Boltonia latisquama 


BROAD-SCALED 


Late July 


Lavender 


4 ft. 





337 




BOLTONIA 


to Oct. 










Bulbocodium 


SPRING MEADOW 


Apr. 


Purple 


4-6 in. 


M 


44 


vernum 


SAFFRON 












Campanula 


CARPATHIAN 


Late June 


Violet, 


9 18 in. 


H 


237, 


Carpatica& var. alba 


HAIRBELL & VAR. 


to late Aug. 


white 






171 


Campanula 


WHITE TURBAN 


July, Aug. 


White 


6-12 in. 





278 


Carpatica var. 


BELLFLOWER 












turbinata alba 














Campanula 


CLUSTERED 


June, July 


Purple 


1-2 ft. 


M 


237 


glomerata 


BELLFLOWER 












Campanula latifolia 


LARGE- 


Early June, 


<< 


3-5 ft- 


Sun or 


238 


var. macrantha 


BLOSSOMED 


July 






shade 






BELLFLOWER 













447 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Campanula Medium 
Campanula nobilis 


CANTERBURY 
BELLS 
NOBLE 
BELLFLOWER 


Late June, 
July 

Mid. June 
to Aug. 


Various 

u 


I*- 4 ft. 
2ft. 


Sun 
tt 


264 
264 


Campanula 
persicifolia 


PEACH-LEAVED 
BELLFLOWER 


Early June 
to mid.July 


Violet 


rfjft. 


tt 


2 3 8 


Campanula 
persicifolia var. alba 


WHITE 
PEACH-LEAVED 
BELLFLOWER 


Early June 
to early 
July 


White 


iHft- 


y 


171 


Campanula 
persicifolia vars. 
Backhousei & 
Moerheimi 


BACKHOUSE'S & 
MOERHEIM'S 
PEACH-LEAVED 
BELLFLOWERS 


June, July 





iHft. 





171 


Campanula 
pyramidalis 


CHIMNEY 
CAMPANULA 


July, Aug. 


Blue 


4-6 ft. 


M 


34 6 


Campanula 

rotundifolia 


ENGLISH 
HAIRBELL 


June to 
late Aug. 


Violet 


6-12 in. 


|| 


238 


Campanula 
Van Houttei 


VAN HOUTTE'S 
BELLFLOWER 


Early June 
to mid.July 


1C 


2ft. 


H 


238 


Canna vars. 


FRENCH & 
ITALIAN CANNA 


July to 
ate Sept. 


Various 


3-4* ft. 


M 


357- 
358 


Centaurea 
macrocephala 


CENTAURY 


Mid. July 
to Sept. 


Yellow 


2i-3 ^ 


M 


295 


Centaurea montana 

Centaurea montana 
vars. alba & rosea 

Chionodoxa 
Luciliae & var. 
gigantea 


MOUNTAIN BLUET 

WHITE & ROSY 
MOUNTAIN 
BLUETS 
GLORY OF THE 
SNOW 


fune to 
Sept. 
Late May 
to early 
July 
Mid. Mar. 
o early 
May 


Purple 

White, 
rose 

Blue 


1 2-20 in, 
9-20 in. 

3-8 in. 





Sun or 
half shade 


239 

75. 

121 

7 


Chrysanthemum 
vars. 


HARDY 
CHRYSANTHEMUM 


Sept., Oct. 


Various 


2-3 ft. 


Sun 


440 


Chrysanthemum 
coccineum 


RED 
CHRYSANTHEMUM 


fune, July 





I -2 ft. 


tt 


264 


Chrysanthemum 

maximum 


LARGE- 
FLOWERED 
WHITEWEED 


M 


White 


I ft. 


tt 


172 


Chrysanthemum ! 
uliginosum 


GIANT DAISY 


Aug.. Sept. 





4-5 ^. 


tt 


376 


Clematis 
heracleaefolia 
var. stans 


ERECT HERAC- 
LEUM-LEAVED 
CLEMATIS 


Sept., 
early Oct. 


Blue 





tt 


439 


Clematis recta 


WHITE 
HERBACEOUS 
VIRGIN'S BOWER 


larly June 
o mid. 
fuly 


White 


2-3 ft. 


tt 


'73 


Colchicum 

autumnale 


MEADOW 
SAFFRON 


Aug., Sept. 


Purple 


3-4 in. 


Sun or half 
shade 


407 


Colchicum 

speciosum 


HANDSOME 
MEADOW 
SAFFRON 


Early Sept. 
o early 
Oct. 


Violet 


6-12 in. 


tt 


436 



448 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Convallaria majalis 


LILY-OF-THE- 


Mid. May 


White 


8 in. 


Half shade 


75 




VALLEY 


to mid. 






or shade 








June 










Coreopsis 


LARGE-FLOW- 


June to 


Yellow 


1-2 ft. 


Sun 


.96 


grandiflora 


ERED TICKSEED 


Sept. 










Coreopsis lanceolata 


LANCE-LEAVED 


June to 


M 


M 


tt 


196 




TICKSEED 


Sept. 










Crocus vars. 


CROCUS 


Mid. Mar. 


Various 


6-8 in. 


Sun or half 


8 






to late Apr 






shade 




Crocus biflorus 


SCOTCH CROCUS 


u 


Parti- 








8 








colored 








Crocus Susianus 


CLOTH OF GOLD 


tt 


Yellow 


3 in. 


M 


4 




CROCUS 












Crocus vernus 


SPRING CROCUS 


M 


Various 


4-5 in - 





8 


Cypripedium 
pubescens 


LARGE YELLOW 
LADY'S SLIPPER 


May, June 


Yellow 


I -2 ft. 


Shade 


99 


Cypripedium 


SHOWY LADY'S 


June 


White 


I -2* ft. 


Half shade 


'74 


spectabile 


SLIPPER 








or shade 




Dahlia vars. 


CACTUS, DECORA- 
TIVE, FANCY, 


Late July 
to late Oct. 


Various 


3-6 ft. 


Sun 


359. 
360, 




QUILLED SHOW& 










363, 




SINGLE DAHLIAS 










364 


Daphne Cneorum 


GARLAND 


Late Apr., 


Pink 


6-12 in. 


Sun or half 


39 




FLOWER 


May 






shade 




Delphinium elatum 


BEE LARKSPUR 


June to 


Blue 


2-6 ft. 


tt 


253 






Sept. 










Delphinium 


ORIENTAL 


June, July 


tt 


2-3 ft. 


ti 


2 53 


formosum 


LARKSPUR 












Delphinium grandi- 
florum & var. album 


GREAT-FLOW- 
ERED LARKSPUR 


July, Aug. 


Blue, white 


2-3 ft. 


Sun 


347- 
282 




& VAR. 












Delphinium grandi- 


CHINESE 


June, July 


Various - 


I -2 ft. 


tt 


267 


florum var. Chinense 


LARKSPUR 












Delphinium 


HYBRID 


M 


Blue 


3-4 ft. 


Sun or half 


254 


hybridum 


LARKSPUR 








shade 




Dianthus barbatus 


SWEET WILLIAM 


M 


Various 


io-i8in. 


Sun 


267 


Dianthus 


CINNAMON PINK 


July, Aug. 


Pink 


i ft. 


tt 


33 


cinnabarinus 














Dianthus cruentus 


DARK RED PINK 


June, July 


Red 


i*iift. 


tt 


213 


Dianthus deltoides 


MAIDEN PINK 


May, June 


Pink 


6-9 in. 


tt 


121 


Dianthus latifolius 


BROAD-LEAVED 


June to 


M 


6-12 in. 


tt 


224 




PINK 


Sept. 










Dianthus 


PINK MISS 


Late May 


White 


4-6 in. 


tt 


7 6 


"Miss Simkins" 


SIMKINS 


to late June 










Dianthus plumarius 


SCOTCH PINK 


M 


Pink 


i ft. 


tt 


122 


Dianthus 


GARDEN PINK 


[une 


it 


8-12 in. 


tt 


227 


plumarius vars. 














Dianthus plumarius 


DOUBLE WHITE 


tt 


White 


8-12 in. 


tt 


'74 


vars. alba plena & 


GARDEN PINKS 












"White Witch" 















449 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Dianthus Seguierii 


SEGUIER'S PINK 


Late June, 


Rose 


I ft. 


Sun 


227 






July 










Dicentra eximea 


WILD BLEEDING 


Early June 


ii 


I -2 ft. 


Half shade 


227 




HEART 


to Aug. 










Dicentra spectabilis 


BLEEDING HEART 


Late Apr.to 


i 





Half shade 


40 






mid. July 






best 




Dictamnus albus & 


GAS PLANT 


June, July 


White, 


2-3 ft. 


Sun or half 


'74, 


var. rubra 






pink 




shade 


227 


Digitalis purpurea & 
var. alba 


COMMON FOX- 
GLOVE & VARS. 


June, early 

July 


Various, 
white 


2-3 ft. 





267, 
'74 


Echinacea purpurea 


PURPLE 


July, Aug. 


Pink 


2-3* ft. 


Sun 


330 




CONEFLOWER 












Echinops Ritro 


RITRO GLOBE 


ii 


Blue 


2-3 ft. 


u 


348 




THISTLE 












Eranthis hyemalis 


COMMON WINTER 


Mar., Apr. 


Yellow 


3-8 in. 


Sun or half 


4 




ACONITE 








shade 




Erigeron speciosus 


SHOWY 


June, July 


Lilac 


I*-2ft. 


Sun 


240 




FLEABANE 












Eryngium 


AMETHYST SEA 


June to 


Blue 


1-3 ft. 





254 


amethystinum 


HOLLY 


early Sept. 










Eryngium planum 


FLAT-LEAVED 


July. Aug. 


M 


M 





348 




ERYNGO 












Erythronium 


WHITE DOG- 


Late Apr., 


White 


6 in. 


Half shade 


15 


albidum 


TOOTH VIOLET 


May 










Erythronium 


COMMON ADDER'S 


Late Apr. 


Yellow 


ii 





2 7 


Americanum 


TONGUE 


to late May 










Erythronium 


COMMON DOG- 


Late Apr., 


Like 


4-6 in. 


M 


44 


Dens-Canis 


TOOTH VIOLET 


May 












of Europe 












Erythronium 


LARGE-FLOW- 


Late Apr. 


Yellow 


6 in. 


Half shade 


2 7 


grandiflorum 


ERED DOGTOOTH 


to mid. 






or shade 






VIOLET 


May 










Fritillaria Imperialis 


CROWN IMPERIAL 


Mid. Apr.to 


Various 


2-3 ft. 


Sun or half 


56 






mid. May 






shade 




Fritillaria Meleagris 


GUINEA-HEN 


Late Apr. 


II 


10-12 in. 


Sun or 


59 




FLOWER 


to late May 






shade 




Fritillaria Meleagris 


WHITE GUINEA- 


Late Apr., 


White 


i ft. 





'5 


var. alba 


HEN FLOWER 


May 










Funkia lancif olia 


LANCE-LEAVED 


Late July 


Lilac 


I -2 ft. 


Half shade 


340 




DAY LILY 


to early 






best 








Sept. 










Funkia subcordata 


LARGE- 


Late Aug., 


White 


M 


Half shade 


380 


var. grandiflora 


FLOWERED 


Sept. 












SUBCORDATE 














PLANTAIN LILY 












Gaillar dia aristata 


GREAT- 


June to 


Parti- 


i*-3ft 


Sun 


263 




FLOWERED 


Nov. 


colored 










GAILLARDIA 












GaJanthus Elwesii 


GIANT SNOWDROP 


Mar., Apr. 


White 


6-1 2 in. 


Sun or balf 
shade 


3 


Galanthus nivalis 


COMMON 


a 


M 


4-6 in. 





3 




SNOWDROP 













450 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Galanthus plicatus 


PLAITED 


Mar. to 


White. 


4-8 in. 


Sun or half 


3 




SNOWDROP 


early May 






shade 




Galtonia candicans 


CAPE HYACINTH 


July, Aug. 


i 


3-5 ^. 


M 


284 


Geranium 


BLOOD-RED 


Late May 


Crimson 


I*-2ft. 


M 


"5 


sanguineum 


CRANESBILL 


to mid.July 










Gladiolus vars. 


SWORD LILY 


July to Oct. 


Various 


3-4* ft. 


Sun 


365 


Gypsophila 


BABY'S BREATH 


July, Aug. 


White 


2-3 ft. 


tt 


285 


paniculata 














Helenium autumnale 


SNEEZEWEED 


Aug. to 


Yellow 


2-5 ft.. 


n 


386 






late Sept. 










Helenium autumnale 


SNEEZEWEED 


Aug., Sept. 


Yellow 


i -6 ft. 


tt 


386 


vars. grandiflorum, 














pumilum & superbum 














Helenium Hoopesii 


HOOPES'S 


Late May 


Yellow 


1-3 ft. 


M 


102 




SNEEZEWEED 


to late June 










Helenium nudiflorum 


STRIPED PURPLE- 


Aug. 


Orange 


3-4 ft. 


14 


393 


var. grandicephalum 


HEADED 












striatum 


SNEEZEWEED 












Helianthus mollis 


HAIRY 


July, Aug. 


Yellow 


2-5 ft. 


tt 


300 




SUNFLOWER 












Helianthus rigidus 


STIFF SUNFLOW- 


Late Aug., 


u 


6ft. 


tt 


387 


var. "Miss Hellish" 


ER MISS MELLISH 


Sept. 










Hemerocallis 


DUMORTIER'S 


June, July 


Orange 


I -2 ft. 


Sun or half 


210 


Dumortierii 


DAY LILY 








shade 




Hemerocallis flava 


LEMON LILY 


June, early 


Yellow 


3 ft. 


Half shade 


199 






July 










Hemerocallis 


MIDDENDORF'S 


Late June, 


tt 


1-3 ft. 


tt 


199 


Middendorfii 


YELLOW DAY 


July 












LILY 












Hemerocallis 


THUNBERG'S 


it 


M 


3-4 ft. 


Sun or half 


'99 


Thunbergii 


YELLOW DAY 








shade 






LILY 












Heuchera sanguinea 


CORAL BELLS 


June to 


Red 


i-iift. 


tt 


213 






ate Sept. 










Hypericum 


KALM'S 


Aug. 


Yellow 


2-4 ft. 


Shade 


388 


Kalmianum 


ST. JOHN'S-WORT 












Hypericum 
Moserianum 


GOLD FLOWER 


fuly, Aug. 


M 


2ft. 


Sun or half 
shade 


303 


Hyacinthus 


DUTCH 


Late Apr., 


Various 


8-i8in. 


Sun 


59 


orientalis 


HYACINTH 


May 










Iberis sempervirens 


EVERGREEN 


May, early 


White 


9- i 5 in. 


Sun or half 


78 




CANDYTUFT 


[une 






shade 




Iberis Tenoreana 


TENORE'S 


it 


<i 


9-12 in. 


Half shade 


78 




CANDYTUFT 












Iris cristata 


CRESTED 


Late May 


Lilac 


4-9 in. 


Sun 


'35 




DWARF IRIS 


to July 










Iris Florentina 


FLORENTINE 


May, early 


White 


I -2 ft. 


Half shade 


78 




FLAG 


June 










Iris Germanica vars. 


GERMAN IRIS 


Late May 
to July 


Purple & 
avender 


i*-3ft. 


Sun 


'35, 
156 



451 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Iris laevigata 


JAPANESE IRIS 


June, July 


Various 


2-3 ft. 


Sun 


267 


Iris neglecta 


NEGLECTED IRIS 


Late May to 


Blue 


I ^-2 ft. 


u 


149 






early June 










Iris pallida 


GREAT PURPLE 


Late May 


Violet 


2-4 ft. 


Sun or half 


'35 




FLAG 


to July 






shade 




Iris plicata 


PLAITED FLAG 





Like 


M 


a 


'35 


Iris Sibirica & var. 


SIBERIAN FLAG 


Late May to 


Violet, 


2-3 ft. 


Sun 


136. 


alba 


& VAR. 


mid. June 


white 






78 


Iris Sibirica var. 


EASTERN 


June, early 


Blue 


I-2$ft. 


u 


257 


orientalis 


SIBERIAN IRIS 


July 










Iris xiphioides 


ENGLISH IRIS 


Late June, 


Purple 


I -2 ft. 


a 


242 






July 










Iris Xiphium 


SPANISH IRIS 


Mid. June 


Blue 


M 


a 


258 






to July 










Kniphofia Pfitzerii 


EVERBLOOMING 


Early Aug. 


Orange 


3-4 ft. 


Sun or half 


393 




FLAME FLOWER 


to early 






shade 








Oct. 










Lathyrus vernus 


SPRING BITTER 


Mid. Apr. 


Violet 


12-15 i n 


Sun 


47 




VETCH 


to late May 










Lathyrus vernus var. 


WHITE SPRING 


Late Apr., 


White 


I -2 ft. 


Sun or half 


,6 


albus 


BITTER VETCH 


May 






shade 




Lespedeza Sieboldi 


VON SIEBOLD'S 


Early Sent. 


Purple 


4-6 ft. 


Sun 


437 




BUSH CLOVER 


to mid. Oct 










Liatris pycnostachya 


DENSE-SPIKED 


Aug. to 


tt 


3-5 ft. 


Half shade 


408 




BLAZING STAR 


mid. Sept. 










Liatris scariosa 


SCARIOUS 


Aug., Sept. 


Lavender 


i -5 ft. 


Sun 


408 




BLAZING STAR 












Liatris spicata 


DENSE BUTTON 


Mid. July to 


Purple 


2-5 ft. 


Sun or half 


34i 




SNAKEROOT 


early Sept. 






shade 




Lilium auratum 


GOLD-BANDED 


Mid.Julyto 


White 


2-4 ft. 


H 


286 




LILY 


mid. Aug. 










Lilium Browni 


BROWN'S LILY 


July, Aug. 


Parti- 


3-4 ft. 


Half shade 


354 








colored 








Lilium Canadense 


WILD YELLOW 


June, July 


Various 


i -4 ft. 


Sun or half 


268 




LILY 








shade 




Lilium candidum 


MADONNA LILY 


M 


White 


2-3 ft. 


u 


1 80 


Lilium elegans 


THUNBERGIAN 





Orange 


I -2 ft. 


tt 


214 




LILY 












Lilium elegans var. 


THUNBERGIAN 


July 


Yellow 


it 


Sun or 


304 


"Alice Wilson" 


LILY ALICE 








shade 






WILSON 












Lilium elegans var. 


YELLOW THUN- 





it 


8-10 in. 


Sun or half 


304 


alutaceum 


BERGIAN LILY 








shade 




Lilium elegans var. 


SHINING THUN- 


Mid. July 


Apricot 


i-3*ft. 


Sun or 


318 


fulgens 


BERGIAN LILY 


to early 






shade 








Aug. 










Lilium elegans var. 


WALL ACE'S THUN- 


July 





I -2* ft. 


Sun or half 


318 


Wallace! 


BERGIAN LILY 








shade 




Lilium maculatum 


SPOTTED LILY 


fune, July 


Orange 


3-4 ft. 


tt 


21 I 


Lilium pardalinum 


PANTHER LILY 


[uly 


Red 


2-3 ft. 


'-{alf shade 


3 2 3 


Lilium Parry i 


PARRY'S LILY 


fune, July 


Yellow 


2-6 ft. 


Shade 


200 



452 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Lilium speciosum & 


SPOTTED LILY 


Aug., Sept. 


Pink 


8-48 in. 


Sun or half 


401 


vars. Melpomene & 


& VARS. 








shade 




rubrum 














Lilium superbum 


AMERICAN TURK'S 
CAP LILY 


Early July 
to early 


Orange 


3-6 ft. 


ii 


321 






Aug. 










Lilium tenuifolium 


SIBERIAN 


Late June, 


Scarlet 


1-2 ft. 


Sun 


214 




CORAL LILY 


July 










Lilium testaceum 


NANKEEN LILY 


Mid. June 


Buff 


2-6 ft. 


Sun or half 


203 






to mid.July 






shade 




Lilium tigrinum 


TIGER LILY 


Mid. June 


Orange 


2-5 ft. 


ii 


321 






to Sept. 










Linum perenne 


PERENNIAL FLAX 


Mid. May 


Blue 


1-1$ ft. 


ii 


149 






to Aug. 










Lobelia cardinalis 


CARDINAL 


Aug. to 


Crimson 


2-4 ft. 


Sun or 


396 




FLOWER 


mid. Sept. 






shade 




Lobelia syphilitica 


GREAT LOBELIA 


Mid. Aug. 


Blue 


i -3 ft. 


Sun 


4'3 






to late Sept. 










Lobelia syphilitica 


GREAT WHITE 


Mid. Aug. 


White 


2-3 ft. 


i< 


381 


var. alba 


LOBELIA 


to Oct. 










Lupinus polyphyllus 


TALL BLUE- 


June, July 


Purple, 


2-5 ft. 


M 


242, 


& var. albiflorus 


FLOWERED PER- 




white 






1 80 




ENNIAL LUPINE 














& VAR. 












Lychnis 


MALTESE CROSS 


Early June 


Scarlet 


2-3 ft. 


Sun or 


214 


Chalcedonica 




to mid.July 






shade 




Lychnis 


SINGLE & DOUBLE 


June to 


White 


II 


Sun 


289 


Chalcedonica vars. 


WHITE MALTESE 


early Aug. 










alba & alba plena 


CROSS 












Lychnis Viscaria var. 


BRILLIANT 


June 


Red 


6-20 in. 


1C 


217 


splendens 


GERMAN 














CATCHFLY 












Lysimachia 


JAPANESE 


Mid. June 


White 


2-3 ft. 


ii 


1 80 


clethroides 


LOOSESTRIFE 


to late July 










Monarda didyma 


OSWEGO TEA 


Mid. June 


Red 


1 1-2 J ft. 


Sun or 


217 






to early 






shade 








Sept. 










Muscari botryoides 


COMMON GRAPE 


Apr., May 


Blue, 


6-9 in. 


Sun or half 


5 2 


& var. album 


HYACINTH 




white 




shade 


16 


Muscari comosum 


FEATHERED 


M 


Blue 


i ft. 


ti 


5 2 


var. monstrosum 


HYACINTH 












Myosotis palustris 


EVER-FLOWERING 


May to 


Blue 


8 in. 


Shade 


'53 


var. semperflorens 


FORGET-ME-NOT 


Sept. 










Narcissus incom- 
parabilis & vars. 


STAR DAFFODIL 
& VARS. 


Mid. Apr.to 
mid. May 


Yellow 


12-15 m - 


Half shade 
best 


28 


Narcissus poeticus 


PHEASANT'S EYE 


May 


White 


it 


a 


82 


Narcissus Pseudo- 


COMMON 


-ate Apr., 


Yellow 


12-18 in. 


ii 


3 1 


Narcissus vars. 


DAFFODIL 


May 










CEnothera fruticosa 


SUNDROPS 


[une, July 


li 


.-3 ft. 


Half shade 


204 


CEnothera glauca 


ERASER'S EVEN- 


fune to 


il 


2-3 ft. 


Sun 


204 


var. Fraseri 


ING PRIMROSE 


Sept. 











453 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


(Enothera 
Missouriensis 


MISSOURI 
PRIMROSE 


June to 
early Aug. 


Yellow 


10 in. 


Half shade 


20 4 


Paeonia vars. 


HERBACEOUS 
PEONY 


June 


Various 


3-4 ^ 


Sun or half 
shade 


268 


Paeonia albiflora & 
vars. 

Paeonia officinalis & 
vars. 


WHITE-FLOW- 
ERED PEONY 
&VARS. 
COMMON GARDEN 
PEONY 


Late May 
to mid. 
June 
Mid. May to 
mid. June 


M 

Crimson 


2-4 ft. 
2-3 ft. 


M 

Half shade 


85. 

'59 
116 


Papaver alpinum 
Papaver nudicaule 


ALPINE POPPY 
ICELAND POPPY 


Mid. May 
to early 
June 
Late Apr. 
to July, 
late Aug. 
to Oct. 


White 
Yellow 


6 in. 
9-1 5 in. 


Sun 



86 
35 


Papaver nudicaule 
var. album 

Papaver orientale & 
vars. "Blush Queen," 
"Silver Queen" 


WHITE ICELAND 
POPPY 

ORIENTAL POPPY 
& VARS. 


Late Apr. 
to mid. 
June, late 
Aug., Sept. 
Early June 
to early 
July 


White 

Scarlet, 
pink, 
white 


< 

2-3 * ft. 


< 
tt 


'9 

218, 
230, 

184 


Pentstemon barbatus 
var. Torreyi 


TORREY'S 
BEARDED 
PENTSTEMON 


Early July 
to early 
Aug. 


Scarlet 


4-5 ft. 


<c 


325 


Pentstemon diffusus 


DIFFUSE 
PENTSTEMON 


Early June 
to early 
July 


Purple 


1-2 ft. 


cc 


245 


Pentstemon laevi- 
gatus var. Digitalis 


FOXGLOVE 
BEARD-TONGUE 


Early June 
to mid. July 


White 


3-4 ft. 


(C 


,87 


Pentstemon 

secundiflorus 


ONE-SIDED 
PENTSTEMON 


June, July 


Lavender 


1 2-1 8 in. 


M 


245 


Pentstemon 

spectabilis 


SHOWY 
PENTSTEMON 


Early June 
to mid. July 


Blue 


2-2* ft. 


H 


261 


Phlox amoena 


HAIRY PHLOX 


Late Apr., 
May 


Various 


4-6 in. 


M 


63 


Phlox divaricata 


WILD SWEET 
WILLIAM 


May 


Like 


10-18 in. 


H 


,36 


Phlox paniculata 
vars. 


PERENNIAL 
PHLOX 


July to Oct. 


Various 


2-3* ft. 





370 


Phlox subulata 


MOSS PINK 


Late Apr., 
May 


M 


4-6 in. 


(( 


63 


Phlox subulata var. 
"The Bride" 


MOSS PINK 
THE BRIDE 


Late Apr., 
to late May 


White 








'9 


Platycodon 
grandiflorum 


BALLOON 
FLOWER 


Early July 
to Oct. 


Blue 


1-3 ft. 


Sun or 

shade 


352 


Platycodon grandi- 
florum var. album 


WHITE BALLOON 
FLOWER 


June to 
Oct. 


White 


(C 


Sun or half 
shade 


187 


Polemonium 
caeruleum 


AMERICAN 
JACOB'S LADDER 


Mid. May 
to July 


Purple 


( 


Half shade 


139 



454 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



\ Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Polemonium humile 


DWARF JACOB'S 


June, July 


Blue 


6 in. 


Half shade 


261 




LADDER 












Primula Japonica 


JAPANESE 


Late May 


Purple 


I -2 ft. 





'39 




PRIMROSE 


to Aug. 










Primula officinalis 


ENGLISH 


Late Apr. 


Yellow 


6- 1 2 in. 





35 




COWSLIP 


to late May 










Primula Sieboldi 


VON SIEBOLD'S 


Late Apr., 


Various 


6-12 in. 


Sun or "half 


63 




PRIMROSE 


May 






shade 




Primula Stuartii 


STUART'S 


Late May, 


Yellow 


9- i 5 in. 


Half shade 


105 




PRIMROSE 


June 










Rudbeckia laciniata 


GOLDEN GLOW 


Late July 





2-1 Oft. 


Sun 


309 


var. flore-pleno 




to late Sept. 










Rudbeckia 


SWEET 


Mid. Aug. 


II 


3-5 ft. 


Sun or 


39 1 


subtomentosa 


CONEFLOWER 


to Oct. 






shade 




Rudbeckia triloba 


THIN-LEAVED 


July, Aug. 


|| 


2-5 ft. 


ii 


309 




CONEFLOWER 












Salvia pratensis 


MEADOW SAGE 


June, early 


Violet 


2-3 ft. 


Sun 


262 






July 










Scabiosa Caucasica 


PINCUSHION 


June, July 


Blue 


I -2 ft. 


H 


262 




FLOWER 












Scilla Hispanica 


SPANISH SQUILL 


Late May, 


Various 


i2-i8in. 


M 


1 60 






June 










Scilla Hispanica vars. 


FLESH & ROSE 





Pink 





Sun or 


126 


carnea & rosea 


COLORED 








shade 






SPANISH SQUILL 












Scilla hyacinthoides 


HYACINTH 


Aug. 


Blue, white, 


i-i^ft. 


Sun or half 


4'4. 


& vars. 


SQUILL & VARS. 




flesh-color 




shade 


383, 














402 


Scilla Sibirica & var. 


SIBERIAN 


Mid. Mar. 


Blue, white 


2-6 in. 


M 


7. 


alba 


SQUILL 


to early 








4 






May 










Sedum spectabile 


SHOWY SEDUM 


Late Aug. 


Rose 


I*-2ft. 


Sun 


402 






to mid. 














Sept. 










Silphium laciniatum 


COMPASS PLANT 


Mid. July 


Yellow 


6ft. 


(i 


313 






to mid. 














Sept. 










Spiraea Aruncus 


GOAT'S BEARD 


June, early 


White 


3-5 ft. 


Sun or 


190 






July 






shade 




Spiraea astilboides 


ASTILBE-LIKE 





ii 


2ft. 


Sun or half 


190 




MEADOW SWEET 








shade 




Spiraea palmata & 
var. elegans 


PALMATE-LEAVED 
MEADOW SWEET 


Late June, 
July 


Carmine, 
pink 


1-4 ft. 


Half shade 


233 




& VAR. 












Statice latifolia 


BROAD-LEAVED 


Late July to 


Purple 


I*-2ft. 


Sun 


344 




SEA LAVENDER 


early Sept. 










Statice Limonium 


COMMON 


July, Aug. 


Blue 


lift. 





353 




SEA LAVENDER 












Stokesia cyanea 


STOKES'ASTER 


Aug. to 


<{ 


I-I$ft. 


M 


414 






early Oct. 










Trillium 


LARGE- 


May, early 


White 


9-12 in. 


Half shade 


94 


grandiflorum 


FLOWERED 


fune 




or more 








WAKEROBIN 













455 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Tritonia 


CROCUS- 


July to Oct. 


Scarlet, 


2-4 ft. 


Sun 


326, 


crocosmaeflora 


FLOWERED 




yellow 






314 


& vars. 


BLAZING STAR 












Tritonia Pottsii 


POTTS' 





Orange 


2-3 ft. 


ii 


321 




BLAZING STAR 












Tritonia rosea 


REDDISH 


July, Aug. 


Red 


I ft. 


ii 


326 




BLAZING STAR 












Trollius Asiaticus 


ORANGE GLOBE 


Late Apr. 


Yellow 


I $-2 ft. 


Sun or half 


35 




FLOWER 


to late May, 






shade 








early Aug. 














to Oct. 










Trollius Europaeus 


MOUNTAIN GLOBE 


Early May 


N 


6-1 5 in. 


Half shade 


109 




THISTLE 


to early 






best 








June 










Tulipa vars. 


SINGLE & DOUBLE 


Late Apr. 


Various 


10-14 in. 


Sun 


64 




EARLY BEDDING 


to late May 












TULIPS 












Tulipa vars. 


SINGLE & DOUBLE 


Mid. to late 


M 


i2-i8in. 


ii 


163 




LATE BEDDING 


May 












TULIPS 












Tulipa carinata 


KEELED TULIP 


May 


Scarlet 


12-15 in. 


Sun 


117 


Tulipa "Darwin" 


DARWIN TULIP 


Late May to 





I*-2ft. 


Sun or half 


,63 






early June 






shade 




Tulipa 


DUC VAN THOL 


Late Apr., 


Various 


6 in. 


Sun or half 




"Due van Thol" 


TULIP 


early May 






shade 


68 


Tulipa Gesneriana 


COMMON GARDEN 


Mid. May 


Red 


6-24 in. 


Sun 


118, 


& vars. 


TULIP & VARS. 


to early 








164 






June 










Tulipa Gesneriana 


PARROT OR 


Mid. May 


Various 


12-18 in. 


Half shade 


.64 


var. Dracontia 


DRAGON TULIP 


to June 










Tulipa Greigii 


GREIG'S TULIP 


Late Apr. 
to mid. May 


Red 


3-8 in. 


Sun 


39 


Tulipa retrofleza 


REFLEXED 


Early to 


Yellow 


12-18 in. 


ii 


I 1O 




TULIP 


late May 










Tulipa vitellina 


VITELLINE TULIP 


May 


tt 


I -2 ft. 


ii 


I 10 


Verbascum 


OLYMPIAN 


J"iy 


M 


6- 1 oft. 


it 


3'4 


Olympicum 


MULLEIN 












Veronica Chamaedrys 


ANGEL'S EYES 


Late May, 


Blue 


i-i^ft. 


it 


'54 






June 










Veronica 


GENTIAN-LEAVED 


Late Apr. 


N 


^-2 ft. 


Sun or half 


55 


gentianoides 


SPEEDWELL 


to late May 






shade 




Veronica incana 


HOARY 


Mid. June 


it 


I -2 ft. 


Sun 


262 




SPEEDWELL 


to late July 










Veronica longif olia 


SUBSESSILE 


Early Aug. 


Purple 


2-3 ft. 


ii 


410 


var. subsessilis 


LONG-LEAVED 


to mid. 












SPEEDWELL 


Sept. 










Veronica rupestris 


ROCK 


Mid. May 


i< 


4-5 fn. 


ii 


'54 




SPEEDWELL 


to late June 










Veronica spicata 


SPIKE-FLOWERED 


i< 


Blue 


2-2* ft. 


it 


262 




SPEEDWELL 













456 



BEST HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Botanical Name. 


English Name. 


Time of 
Bloom. 


Color. 


Height. 


Situation. 


Page. 


Veronica spicata var. 
alba 


WHITE 
SPIKE-FLOWERED 


Early June, 

July 


White 


2-2 ft. 


Sun 


'93 




SPEEDWELL 












Veronica Teucrium 


HUNGARIAN 
SPEEDWELL 


Late May 
to early 


Blue 


*-I ft. 


tt 


'55 






June 










Viola cornuta 


HORNED VIOLET 


Late Apr. 
until frost 


Violet 


5-8 in. 


Sun or half 
shade 


48 


Viola cornuta var. 


WHITE HORNED 





White 


M 


M 


2 3 


alba 


VIOLET 












Viola cornuta 


YELLOW 


M 


Yellow 


<( 


M 


35 


var. lutea major 


HORNED VIOLET 












Viola tricolor 


PANSY 


Mid. Apr. to 


Various 


M 


it 


68 






mid. Sept. 










Yucca Filamentosa 


ADAM'S NEEDLE 


June, July 


White 


6ft. 


Sun 


194 



457 



A FEW WATER PLANTS OR AQUATICS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow- 


STRIPED 


Acorus 


The chief attraction of this plant is 


8-i2 in. 


June, 


ish SWEET gramineus 


its striking foliage striped with white, 


Sun or 


July 


green'' jFLAG var. 


in thick grassy clumps. Prop, by divi- 


shade 




variegatus 


sion. Japan. 






"White" CAPE POND ;Apono ? eton 


Lovely fragrant flowers. Prop, by 


Sun or 


June 


(WEED, 
! WATER 


distachyum 


seed. Thrives in tubs with 2 ft. of 
water or in pools from 2 to 4 ft. deep. 


half 
shade 


to 
Sept. 


HAWTHORN 


Cape of Good Hope. 






"Purple" WATER Brasenia 


Small flowers. Thrives in still 


Sun 


May to 


i SHIELD peltata 


water from 2 to 6 ft. deep. 




Sept. 


"Yellow" DOUBLE Caltha . 


Double form of our native plant. 


1-2 ft. 


Apr., 


5 j MARSH palustris var. 


Pretty in ponds and also useful in the 


Sun or 


May 




MARIGOLD 


flbre-pleno 


bog-garden. Flowers i in. broad. 


half 








C. p. var. 


Good for cutting. Hort. The single 


shade 








monstrosa- 


var. is also desirable. See Plate, 










plena 


page 459. 






Various 


JAPANESE 


**Iris 


One of the most beautiful and ef- 


2-3 ft. 


June, 




mis 


laevigata 


fective plants. Forms vigorous 


Sun 


July 






/. K&mpferi 


clumps. Flowers large and flat, 












sometimes 10 in. across, ranging in 












color from white to deep blue and 












plum color, often mottled or deeply 












veined. Narrow erect leaves. Beau- 












tiful in shallow water or in the bog- 












garden. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any good soil. Water during flower- 












ing season. For names of some good 












varieties see page 267. E. Siberia; 












Japan. 






"Yellow" 


COMMON OR Iris 


Forms luxuriant clumps having 


iHft. 


Late 


5&2 


YELLOW 


Psead&corus 


many stems which bear large, broad- 


Sun 


May to 




WATER 




petaled flowers veined with brown. 




late 




FLAG 




Long stiff gray-green leaves. Beauti- 
ful for the margin of water. Prop, by 




June 








division. Europe. 






"Bright 


LARGER 


iris 


Native Iris. Flowers marked with 


. -3 ft. 


Late 


purple" 
55 lighter 


BLUE FLAG 


versicolor 


white, yellow and purple. Leaves 
slightly grayish. Good for bogs, 


Sun or 
half 


May, 
June 








ponds, also for dry positions. Prop. 


shade 










by division. Canada; Northern U. 












s; A. 






"Yellow" FRINGED 


* *Limnanthe- 


Rampant aquatic bearing a profu- 


2-4 in. 


Late 


4 


BUCKBEAN 


mum 


sion of large flowers and mottled 


Sun 


May to 






nympholdes 


leaves. Spreads rapidly and is diffi- 




Aug. 








cult to get rid of if grown in too much 












space. Prop, by division or freshly 












gathered seed sown in mud. Europe; 












Asia. 







458 




OF THE 

UNIVERSITY 




459 




FALSE LOTUS. Nclumblnm speciositm. 



AQUATICS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yellow" 


AMERICAN 


*NeMmbium 


Beautiful and striking plant with 


2-6 ft. 


July. 


2 


LOTUS OR 


luteum 


very large showy blossoms and round 


Sun 


Aug. 




NELUMBO, 


Nelumbo 


bluish green leaves on long stalks. 








WATER 


littea 


Effective when massed in ponds and 








CHINKAPIN 




slow streams. When transplanting in 
spring never disturb the plants until 












young growth is evident. Prop, in 












spring when growth begins by divi- 
sion or by seed. Rich soil. N. Amer. 






"Pink" 
bet. 
22&26 


INDIAN OR 
FALSE 
LOTUS 


*Nelumbium 
specibsum 

Nelumbo 


Fragrant showy flowers just rising 
above the grayish brown long-stalked 
leaves. Plant 4-5 in. in masses in ar- 


6-8 ft. 
Sun 


July to 
early 
Sept. 






Indica, 


tificial basins or ponds and slow 










Nelumbo 


streams. Do not transplant in spring 










nucifera 


until young growth is evident. Prop. 












in spring when growth begins by seed 












or division. Rich soil. Asia; Aus- 












tralia. See Plate, page 460. 












Var. kermesina, pale pink blossoms. 












Var. rosea, rose-pink blossoms. Var. 












rosea plena, double rose var. Hort. 












All excellent in small numbers for 












artificial basins and massed in ponds 












and slow streams. 






"White" 


MAGNOLIA 
LOTUS 


*NeMinbium 
speciosum 


A good variety of this effective 
plant. 


6-8 ft. 

Sun 


July to 
early 






var. album 


Var. alba striata, flowers striped. 




Sept. 






Nelumbo 


Plant groups of 3-4 in artificial basins 










nuctfera 


or mass in ponds and slow streams. 










var. alba 


Prop, in spring when growth begins 












by seed or division. Rich soil. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


COMMON 


**Nuphar 


Distinguished more for its large 


2-3 in. 


Late 




SPATTER- 


advena 


erect or floating leaves than for the 


Sun or 


May to 




DOCK, 
LARGE 


Nympbcea 
advena 


cup-shaped flowers, occasionally pur- 
plish, which have a disagreeable odor. 


half 
shade 


Sept. 




YELLOW 




Plant in the margins of slow streams 








POND LILY 




or muddy ponds. Prop, by division. 
Rich muddy soil. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


SMALL 


**Nuphar 


Peculiar aquatic with small cup- 


2-3 in. 


M 




YELLOW 


Kalmianum 


shaped flowers and many round leaves, 


Sun or 






POND LILY 


Nymphtza 


some beneath the water, others float- 


half 








Kalmiana 


ing. Excellent near the margins of 


shade 










slow streams or in muddy ponds. 












Prop, by division. N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


EUROPEAN 


**Nuphar 


Small round slightly fragrant flow- 


2-3 in. 







YELLOW 


luteum 


ers with fleshy petals. Large arrow- 


Sun or 






LILY 




shaped leaves floating or erect. Ex- 


half 










cellent near the margins of slow 


shade 










streams or in muddy ponds. Prop, by 












division. Europe. 






"White" 


WHITE 


**Nymphsfea 


One of the hardiest aquatics. 


4-8 in. 







WATER 
LILY 


alba 


Charming cup-shaped flowers which 
close about four o'clock. Large round 


Sun 










floating leaves, sometimes reddish. 












Excellent in small ponds. Plant in 












spring or summer beneath about 2 












ft. of water, in well-enriched loam. 












Europe; Asia. 







46, 



AQUATICS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


PUREST 
WHITE 


*Nymphsfea 
alba var. 


Superior to the type, bearing large 
pure white flowers on very thick 


2-4 in. 
Sun 


Late 
May to 




WATER OR 


candidissima 


stalks. Excellent for small ponds. 




Sept. 




POND LILY 


N. candidis- 


Plant in spring or summer beneath 










sima 


about 2 ft. of water in well-enriched 












loam. 






"Red" 


ANDREW'S 


*Nymphaea 


Dull flowers. Spotted leaves. Good 


2-3 in. 


June 


26 


WATER OR 


Andreana 


for large artificial basins. Prop, by 


Sun 


to 




POND LILY 




division. Good rich soil. Hort. 




Sept. 


"Reddish 
pink" 


ARETHUSA 
WATER OR 


*Nymphsea 
Arethusa 


An improvement on N. Laydekeri 
var. fulgens. Stronger grower and 


2-3 in. 
Sun 


u 




POND LILY 




with larger flowers. Good for spacious 
artificial basins. Plant beneath 2 ft. 












of water in rich soil. 






"Or- 
ange" 


AURORA 
WATER OR 


*Nymphsfea 
Aurora 


Yellowish blossoms gradually 
changing to red. Pretty in ponds. 


2-4 in. 
Sun 


M 


20 more 


POND LILY 




Prop, by division. Good rich soil. 






orange 






Hort. 






"Purple 
carmine" 


ELLIS' 
WATER OR 


*Nymphsea 
EUisiana 


Very showy and pleasing. Bright 
flowers. Prop, by division. Good 


2-4 in. 
Sun 


1C 




POND LILY 




rich soil. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


YELLOW 


*Nymphea 


Resembles N. Mexicana but less 


4-5 in. 


June. 




WATER 
LILY 


flava 


vigorous. Large pale flowers open 
from eleven until four o'clock. Dark 


Sun 


July 








floating foliage. Good in small ponds. 












Protect slightly in winter. Plant in 












spring or summer beneath 2 or more 












feet of water in well-enriched loam. 












S. Eastern U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


TAWNY 
WATER OR 


**Nymphafea 
fulva 


Large floating flowers and spotted 
leaves. Effective in ponds. Prop, by 


1-3 in. 
Sun 


June 
to 




POND LILY 




division. Plant beneath 2 ft. of water 




Sept. 








in rich soil. Hort. 






"Brfl- 


GLAD- 


*Nymphaea 


Vigorous large flowers and attrac- 


2-4 in. 


it 


liant 


STONE'S 


Giadstoniana 


tive bold foliage. Excellent for spa- 


Sun 




white*' 


WATER OR 
POND LILY 




cious ponds. Prop, by division. Plant 
in spring or summer beneath 2 ft. of 












water in rich loam. Hort. 






Various 


LAY- 


*Nymphfea 


An interesting group. Adapted for 


2-3 in. 


ii 




DEKER'S 


Laydekeri 


cultivation in tubs and fountain 


Sun 






WATER OR 


vars. 


basins. Prop, by division. Good 








POND LILY 




rich soil. 












Var. fulgens; (color no. near 28), 












charming brilliant reddish pink flow- 












ers. Var. liliacea; fragrant lilac flow- 












ers and spotted leaves. Var. purpu- 












rata; (color no. 33 darker), crimson 












flowers. Var. rosea; (color no. 33 












lighter), rather small pink flowers. 







462 



AQUATICS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


MARLIAC'S 
WATER OR 


*Nymphsea 
Marli&cea 


Vigorous plant, perhaps the best 
white Water Lily. Flowers large and 


2-4 in. 
Sun 


June 
to 




POND LILY 


var. 


brilliant, tinted with pink. Good for 




Sept. 






albida N 


large artificial basins. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Plant in spring or summer be- 












neath 2 ft. of water in well-enriched 












soil. Hort. 






"Pink" 


MARLIAC'S 


*Nymphsea 


Vigorous plant. Pale pink flowers 


2-4 in. 





white to 


FLESH- 


Marli&cea 


with a slight fragrance. Good in large 


Sun 




pale 36 


COLORED 


var. carnea 


artificial basins. Prop, by division. 








WATER OR 




Plant in spring or summer beneath 2 








POND LILY 




ft. of water in rich loam. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


CANARY 


*Nymphaea 


Excellent free -blooming variety. 


2-4 in. 


M 


2 


WATER 


Marliacea 


The dark green spotted leaves often 


Sun 






LILY 


var. 


rise high above the water. Good for 










chromate'lla 


large artificial basins. Prop, by divi- 










N. tuberosa 


sion. Plant in spring or summer be- 










var. ftavescens 


neath 2 ft. of water in well-enriched 








* 




loam. Hort. 






"Reddish 


MARLIAC'S 


*Nymphaea 


Effective plant. Striking flowers in 


2-4 in. 


(1 


purple" 


FLAMING 


Marliacea var. 


abundance. Good for large artificial 


Sun 




white to 


WATER OR 


flammea 


basins. Prop, by division. Plant 






36 


POND LILY 




beneath 2 ft. of water in rich soil. 












Hort. 






"Reddish 
purple" 


MARLIAC'S 
FIERY 


*Nymphaea 
Marliacea 


Strong grower. Very similar to var. 
flammea. Flowers striking. Good in 


2-4 in. 
Sun 


U 


27 light 


WATER OR 


var. ignea 


large artificial basins. Plant beneath 








POND LILY 




2 ft. of water. Prop, by division. 












Rich soil. Hort. 






"Rose" 


MARLIAC'S 


*Nympha 


Robust plant. An improved form 


2-4 in. 


M 


white to 


PINK 


Marliacea 


of N. Marliacea var. carnea. Dark 


Sun 




36 


WATER OR 


var. r6sea 


green foliage, reddish when young. 








POND LILY 




Good for large artificial basins. Prop. 












by division. Rich soil. Hort. 






"White" 


SWEET- 


*Nymphsea 


One of the best Water Lilies. Fra- 


2-4 in. 


M 




SCENTED 


odorata 


grant flowers, open only in the morn- 


Sun 






WATER OR 


Cast alia 


ing. Round leathery leaves. Effec- 








POND LILY, 


odorata 


tive when single or in isolated groups 








WATER 




in large ponds. Prop, by division. 








NYMPH 




Plant in spring or summer in enriched 












loam beneath 2 or more ft. of water. 












Eastern U. S. A. 






Various 


SWEET- 


*Nymphsea 


Var. Caroliniana; large fragrant 


2-4 in. 


< 




SCENTED 


odorata vars. 


narrow-petaled blossoms of a delicate 


Sun 






WATER OR 


Castalia 


pink shade. Hort. Var. exquistta; 








POND LILY 


odoraia van. 


large deep rose flowers. Hort. Var. 












Luciana; (color no. 26), rose-colored 












flowers. Hort. Var. sulphurea; (color 












no. 2), yellow flowers a few in. above 












the water, open only in the morning. 












Small floating leaves. Var. sulphurea 












grandiftora; large flowers. All these 












vars. are effective singly or in isolated 












groups in large ponds. Plant in spring 












or summer in enriched loam beneath 












2 or more ft. of water. Prop, by 












division. 







463 



AQUATICS 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pink" 


CAPE COD 


*Nymphaea 


Rather small flowers which grad- 


2-4 in. 


June 


29 


WATER OR 


odorata 


ually fade to white. Round leaves 


Sun 


to 




POND LILY 


var. rdsea 


dark red when small. Effective single 




Sept. 






N. odorata 


or massed in large ponds. Plant in 










var. rubra, 


spring or summer in rich loam, be- 










Castalia 


neath 2 or more feet of water. S. 










odorata var. 


Eastern Mass, to N. J. 










rdsea 








"Yellow" 


ROBINSON'S 


Jfymphsea 


Large flowers tinted with red which 


1-3 in. 


it 


26 


WATER OR 


Robinsoni 


float on the surface of the water. 


Sun 






POND LILY 


N. Robin- 


Spotted leaves. Good for large arti- 










soniana 


ficial basins. Prop, by division. Good 












rich soil. Hort. 






"Rose & 


SEIGNO- 


*Nymphsea 


Pleasing Water Lily. Delicate flow- 


2-6 in. 





carmine" 


RETI'S 


Seignore*ti 


ers tinted with red. Spotted leaves. 


Sun 




24 to 2 


WATER OR 




Pretty in ponds. Prop, by division. 








POND LILY 




Good rich soil. Hort. 






"White" 


SMALL 


*Nymphsea 


The smallest Water Lily, with 


1-2 in. 







WHITE 


tetrdgona 


charming flowers about 2 in. across, 


Sun 






WATER 


N. pfgmcea, 


which open in the afternoon. Dark 








LILY 


Castalia 


green horse-shoe-shaped leaves. Pret- 










tetragona 


ty in tubs and small basins. Prop. 












by seed. Asia; N. Amer. 






"Yellow" 


HELVOLA 


*Nymphaea 


Flowers, small, produced in great 


1-2 in. 


M 


2 


WATER 


tetragona var. 


abundance. Leaves small and dark 


Sun 






LILY 


Helvola 


green above. Well adapted to tubs 












and small fountain basins. Prop, by 












seed. Plant 2 ft. under water. 






"White" 


TUBEROUS 


**Nymphsea 


Luxuriant in growth. Large flow- 


4-6 in. 


July. 




WHITE 


tuberosa 


ers about 6 or 9 in. wide, open only in 


Sun 


Aug. 




WATER 


N. reni- 


the morning. Large roundish leaves, 








LILY 


fdrmis, 


somewhat veiny. Excellent for large 










Castalia 


ponds. Prop, by division. Plant in 










tuberdsa 


spring or summer in loam under shal- 












low water. U. S. A. 






"White" 


RICHARD- 
SON'S 


*Nymphaea 
tuberbsa var. 


Especially vigorous plant. Very 
double flowers rising well above the 


4-6 in. 
Sun 


M 




TUBEROUS 


Richardsonii 


water. Large clean bright green 








WHITE 




leaves. Excellent for large ponds. 








WATER 




Prop, by division. Very rich soil. 








LILY 




Hort. 






"Pink" 
29 


PINK 
TUBEROUS 


**Nymphaea 
tuberdsa var. 


Plant of rank growth. Pink flowers, 
rising above the water. Excellent for 


4-6 in. 
Sun 


H 




WATER 


rosea 


large ponds. Prop, by division. Re- 








LILY 




quires rich soil. Hort. 






"Yellow" 


GOLDEN 


**0r6ntium 


Vigorous plant. Tiny flowers in 


$-2 ft. 


May 




CLUB 


aqu&ticum 


narrow club-like spikes. Dark green 
oblong leaves on long stalks. Difficult 
to eradicate when once established. 


Sun 










Plant in bogs or in fairly swift streams 












i ft. or more deep. Eastern U. S. A. 







464 



AQUATICS 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green" 


ARROW 
ARUM 


**Peltandra 
Virgmica 


Sub-aquatic foliage plant. Attrac- 
tive on account of its thick dark green 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


June 






P. undulata 


arrow-shaped leaves. Excellent for 












bogs and shallow water. N. Amer. 






"Pur- 


PICKEREL 


**Pontederia 


Graceful sub-aquatic with tall 


i*-4ft. 


July, 


plish 


WEED 


cordata 


clumps of dense flower spikes and 


Sun 


Aug. 


blue" 






beautiful arrow-shaped leaves. Wild 






46 






in shallow water everywhere. Excel- 












lent in bogs or in shallow water near 












the margins of ponds. Prop, by divi- 
sion. N. Amer. 






"White" 


OLD WORLD 
ARROW- 
HEAD 


**Sagittaria 
sagittasfdlia 
var. fldre- 


Delicate double buttercup-like flow- 
ers. Large broad arrow-shaped 
leaves. Excellent in shallow ponds. 


2-3 ft. 

Sun 


M 






pleno 


Prop, by seed, oftener by division. 










Sagittaria 


Plant beneath water i ft. deep. 










Japdnica 


Hort. 






"Light 


GREAT 


**Scirpus 


Sub-aquatic. Peculiar flowers in 


3-6 ft. 


u 


brown" 


BULRUSH 


'acustris var. 


spikes on large round stalks. Leaves 


Sun 








zebrina 


striped with green and white. Good 










S. Tabernce- 


for margin of ponds. Moist soil. 










montana var. 


Hort. 










lebrina 








"Brown" 


BROAD- 


**Tft>ha 


Graceful plant for marshes or shal- 


4-8 ft. 


fune 




LEAVED 


latifdlia 


low water. Peculiar brownish flowers 


Sun 


|uly 




CAT-TAIL, 




in dense spikes and very narrow rib- 








COMMON 




bon-like leaves, long and gjossy. Ex- 








REED MACE 




cellent in bogs and shallow ponds. 
Amer.; Europe; Asia. 






"Green 


INDIAN OR 


*Zizania 


A beautiful kind of reed-like grass. 


7-9 ft. 


Aug. 


white" 


WILD RICE, 


aquatica 


Useful for margins of streams on ac- 


Sun 






WATER 




count of the graceful habit of its 








OATS 




leaves. Prop, by seed, sown annu- 












ally. N. Amer. 









465 



SOME BOG-GARDEN OR MARSH PLANTS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Yel- 


SWEET 


Acorus 


Marsh plant. Flowers insignificant. 


2ft. 


June, 


lowish 


FLAG 


Calamus 


Foliage erect and rush-like. Root- 


Sun or 


early 


green" 






stock odorous and edible. Prop, by 


shade 


July 








division. Europe. 












Var. variegatus. Foliage striped 












with green and gold. More frequently 












cultivated than the type. 






"Red- 


GIANT 


Arundo 


A plant, decorative because of its 


I Oft. 




dish" 


REED 


Ddnax 


striking foliage. Reddish flowers in- 


Sun 










significant. Prop, by seed and divi- 












sion. Any soil. S. Europe. 












Var. vartegata, (var. versicolor). 












Foliage variegated. 






"Yellow" 


DOUBLE 


Caltha 


Double form of our native plant. 


i ft. 


Apr., 


5 


MARSH 


paltistris var. 


Flowers i $ in. broad. Good for cut- 


Sun or 


May 




MARIGOLD 


fldre-pleno 


ting. Hort. The single var. is also 


half 








C. p. var. 


good. See Plate, page 459. 


shade 








monstrosa- 












plena 










COMMON 
HORSE- 


Equisetum 
hyemale 


Unique primeval looking plant with 
slender hollow reed-like stems and 


I -2 ft. 

Sun or 






TAIL OR 




no apparent leaves or flowers. Prop. 


shade 






SCOURING 




by spores. U. S. A. 








RUSH 










"Purple 
pink" 


JOE-PYE OR 
TRUMPET 


Eupat6rium 
purpureum 


Plant of coarse growth. Flowers in 
immense flat clusters, 18 in. across. 


5-7 ft. 

Sun or 


Late 

July to 


bet. 


WEED 




Foliage in whorls. Naturalize on 


half 


early 


45 & 25 






banks of streams or in wet meadows. 


shade 


Sept. 








Prop, by cuttings. Any soil. N. Amer. 






"Lilac" 


LARGE 


Habenaria 


An Orchid. Grows in wet meadows. 


i-i$ft. 


June, 


43 deep 


PURPLE- 
FRINGED 


fimbriata 
H. grandi- 


Fragrant flowers prettily fringed, 
rarely white, rise in spikes above in- 


Half 
shade 


July 




ORCHIS 


fldra 


conspicuous foliage. Bog-garden. 












Leaf-mold and sand kept moist by 












mulch of leaves. N. Amer. 






Various ISMALLER 


Habenaria 


Closely related to H. fimbriata, but 


2-3 ft. 


July- 


oftenbetJPURPLE- 


psycddes 


with smaller blossoms. Very fragrant 


Half 


Aug. 


39441 


FRINGED 


Orchis 


fringed flowers, rose, lilac or crimson, 


shade 






ORCHIS 


psycddes 


rarely white, in tall spikes 4-10 in. 
long. Showy in bog-garden. Leaf- 












mold and sand kept moist by mulch 












of leaves. N. Amer. 






Various 


JAPANESE 


**Iris 


One of the most beautiful and 


2-3 ft. 


June, 




IRIS 


laevigata 


effective plants. Forms vigorous 


Sun 


July 






/. K&mpfen 


clumps. Flowers large and flat, 












sometimes 10 in. across, ranging in 












color from white to deep blue and 







466 




PITCHER PLANT. Sarracenia purpurea. 



467 





468 



CARDINAL FLOWER. Lobelia cardinal*. 



BOG PLANTS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 








plum color, sometimes mottled or 












deeply veined. Narrow erect leaves. 












Beautiful in masses beside water. 












Prop, by seed and division. Any 












good soil. Water during flowering 












season. For names of good vars. see 












page 267. 






"Yellow" 


COMMON OR 


Iris 


Forms luxuriant clumps having 


iHft. 


Late 


5 & 2 


YELLOW 
WATER 


Pseudacorus 


many stems which bear large broad- 
petaled flowers veined with brown. 


Sun 


May 
to late 




FLAG 




Long stiff gray-green leaves. Beauti- 




June 








ful for the margin of water. Prop, by 












division. Europe. 






"Bright 


LARGER 


Iris 


Native Iris. Flowers marked with 


1-3 ft. 


Late 


purple" 


BLUE FLAG 


versicolor 


white, yellow and purple. Leaves 


Sun or 


May, 


55 lighter 






slightly grayish. Good for margin of 


half 


June 








ponds and also for dry positions. 


shade 










Prop, by division. Canada; Northern 
U. S. A. 






Various 


CANADA OR 


Lflium 


Well-known native species found in 


i - 4 ft. 


June, 


1 spotted 


WILD 


Canade'nse 


moist meadows and bogs. Spotted 


Sun 


July 


brown or 


YELLOW 




flowers, varying from yellow to red, 


or half 




11 shad- 


LILY 




droop in a circle, surmounting the 


shade 




ing to 14 






graceful stems around which the 












leaves grow in whorls. Easily nat- 












uralized. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets 












or scales. Light well-drained soil. 












Avoid direct contact with manure. 












Eastern N. Amer. 






"Reddish 


AMERICAN 


**Lilium 


Native in meadows and marshes. 


3-6 ft, 


Early 


orange" 
bet. 
19 & 20 


TURK'S 
CAP LILY 


supe*rbum 


Delicate drooping flowers having 
pointed reflexed petals, spotted with- 
in, in a pyramidal panicle of about 


Sun or 
half 
shade 


July to 
early 
Aug. 








twenty. Bulbous. Prop, by offsets, 












scales, or very slowly by seed. Any 












well-drained soil. Avoid direct con- 












tact with manure. Eastern N. Amer. 






"Crim- 


CARDINAL 


**Lobelia 


Brilliant flowers in spikes on erect 


2-4 ft. 


Mid. 


son" 


FLOWER, 


cardinalis 


unbranching stems. Leaves narrow 


Sun or 


July to 


20 


INDIAN 




mostly on lower part of stalk. Nat- 


shade 


Sept. 




PINK 




uralize near water or plant in shaded 












border. Prop, by seed or division. 












Rich soil, preferably moist. Wet 












places, Eastern N. Amer. See Plate, 












page 468. 






"Blue" 
46 


GREAT 
LOBELIA, 


**Lobelia 
syphilitica 


Tubular flowers in long leafy spikes 
on slightly hairy stalks. Foliage 


i-3 ft. 
Sun 


Mid. 
Aug. 




BLUE 




large, smooth or hairy. Good in bog- 




to late 




CARDINAL 




garden or border. Moist soil. Wet 




Sept. 




FLOWER 




places, Eastern U. S. A. See Plate, 












page 468- 






"White" 


GREAT 


**Lobelia 


Handsome variety. Flowers in 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 




WHITE 


syphilitica 


long spikes. Leaves almost stemless 


Sun 


Aug. to 




LOBELIA 


var. alba 


on the flower stalks. Damp grounds 




Sept. 








or bogs. Prop, by seed or cuttings. 












Hort. 







469 



BOG PLANTS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Pur- 


SPIKED OR 


*Lfthrum 


Erect bushy plant. Delicate 


2-3 ft. 


Late 


ple" 
40 


PURPLE 
LOOSE- 


salicaria 


starry flowers with wavy petals in 
wandlike spikes on long graceful leafy 


Sun 


July to 
late 




STRIFE 




stems. Pretty for water-side. Prop. 




Aug. 








by division. Any moist soil. Tem- 












perate Zone. 






"Rose" 


PINK 


**Lthrum 


Tall spikes of flowers on long 


4-6 ft. 


M 




SPIKED 


salicaria var. 


graceful stems covered with willowy 


Sun or 






LOOSE- 


rdseum 


foliage. Beautiful on banks of 


half 






STRIFE 


superbum 


streams and ponds. Prop, by divi- 


shade 








L. rbseum 


sion or cuttings. Moist soil preferable. 










superbum 


Hort. 






"Violet" 


SQUARE- 


Mimulus 


Snapdragon-like flowers with open 


1-2 ft. 


July. 


47 


STEMMED 


rfngens 


throats. Bog-garden or margin of 


Sun 


Aug. 




MONKEY 




water. Prop, by seed. Any soil, 








FLOWER 




abundantly watered. N. Amer. 






"Brown- 


EULALIA 


Miscanthus 


Striking kind of grass with plume- 


4-9 ft. 


Oct. 


ish 




Sine'nsis 


like spikes of flowers. Prop, by seed 


Sun 




violet" 




Eulalia 


and division. Any soil. Japan. 










Japdnica 


Vars. gracillimus, (Eulalia gracil- 












lima univitiata, E. Japonica gracil- 












lima). Leaves narrower, fariegatus, 












foliage variegated. Zebrinus, leaves 












with cross bands of gold. Prop, the 












last two vars. by division. 






"Blue" 
57 


EVER- 
FLOWERING 


**Myos6tis 

palustris 


Dwarf plant of spreading habit, 
called semperflorens from its long 


Sin. 
Shade 


May to 
Sept. 




FORGET- 


var. 


season of bloom. Flowers in loose 








ME-NOT 


sempeYflorens 


clusters. Good for damp shady spots 












of rock-garden. Prop, by seed and 






- 






cuttings. Moist soil. Hort. 






"Pale 


ROYAL OR 


*0smfinda 


Distinctive in appearance. Smooth 


2-4 ft. 


M 


green" 


FLOWERING 
FERN 


regalis 


pale green foliage and conspicuous 
fruit in flower-like clusters. Thrives 


Sun or 
shade 










in rich moist soil, even with water 












standing 2 or 3 in. deep. Prop, by 












spores. Eastern Amer. 






"Pur- 
plish 


PICKEREL 
WEED 


*Pontederia 
cordata 


Among the most beautiful of aquat- 
ics. Many small flowers in spikes. 


i -4 ft. 
Sun or 


July to 
Sept. 


blue" 






Glossy heart-shaped leaves. Pretty 


half 




46 






in bog-garden or best in water 6-12 


shade 










in. deep. Prop, by division at any 












time. N. Amer. 






"Rosy 
purple" 


MEADOW 
BEAUTY, 


*Rhe*xia 
Virginica 


Numerous showy flowers about i 
in. wide, several on the stem, con- 


9-12 in. 
Sun 


July to 
Oct. 




DEER 




spicuous golden anthers. For bogs or 








GRASS 




moist spots in wild garden where it 












will form a bed of bloom. Prop, by 












seed or division. Peaty soil. Eastern 












U. S. A. 






"White" 


COMMON 


Sagittaria 


Flowers similar to Buttercups in 


4-6 ft. 


July to 




ARROW- 


latifdlia 


whorls of 3 around leafless staiks. 


Sun 


jarly 




HEAD 


S. sagittafdlia 


Arrow-shaped leaves. For bogs, 




Sept. 






var. varidbilis, 


edges of ponds and shallow water. 










S. varidbilis 


Prop, by seed and division. N. Amer. 







470 



BOG PLANTS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Red- 
dish 


GREAT 
TRUMPET 


Sarracenia 

Drummondii 


Curious wild bog plant. Odd-shaped 
unobtrusive flowers. Horn-like leaves 


tt. 

Sun 


June 


brown" 


LEAF, 




2 ft. long, marked with pale yellow 








PITCHER 




and purple. Bog-garden. Protect in 








PLANT OP 




winter. Prop, by division. Moist 








SIDE- 




soil. S. Eastern U. S. A. 








SADDLE 












FLOWER 










"Deep 
purple" 


PITCHER 
PLANT, 


Sarracenia 
purpurea 


Curious wild bog plant. A solitary 
flower, sometimes brownish, of un- 


8- 1 2 in. 

Sun 


N 




SIDE- 




usual shape, less conspicuous than the 








SADDLE 




purple-veined pitcher-like leaves. Bog 








FLOWER 




garden or water-side. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Moist soil. Atlantic States. 












See Plate, page 467. 






"Green- 
ish" 


PENNSYL- 
VANIA OR 
SWAMP 


Saxifraga 
Pennsyl- 
vanica 


A profusion of flowers in elongated 
panicles. Large leaves in clumps at 
the base of the plant. Prop, by divi- 


3ft. 
Half 
shade 


May, 
June 




SAXIFRAGE 




sion, offshoots and stolons. Good for 












bogs. Swamps, Eastern U. S. A. 






"Or- 


JAPANESE 


Senecio 


Effective flowers on tall stems, 


4-5 ft- 


Late 


ange" 


GROUNDSEL Jap6nicus 


sometimes branching. Leaves very 


Sun 


July to 


6 




Erytbrochcete 


broad, i ft. across, deeply lobed. Ex- 




mid. 






palmattfida, 


cellent for foliage effect in border. 




Aug. 






Ligularia 


Prop, by seed, division or cuttings. 










Japonica 


Moist soil. Japan. 






"White" 


GOAT'S 
BEARD 


Spiraa 
Aruncus 


Erect branching herb growing wild 
in rich woods. Abundant flowers in 


3-5 ^ 
Sun or 


June, 
early 






Aruncus 


plumy panicles. Handsome com- 


shade 


July 






sylv^ster 


pound foliage. Invaluable for rough 












places and for grouping with foliage 












plants. Prop, by division. Any soil. 












N. Europe; Asia; N. Amer. 






"Car- 


PALMATE- 


**Spiraea 


Vigorous plant. Broad clusters of 


2-4 ft. 


June, 


mine" 


LEAVED 


palmata 


brilliant flowers borne on erect stems. 


Half 


July 


26 deep 


MEADOW 


Filiptndula 


Tufted root leaves, palmately divided. 


shade 






SWEET 


purpurea, 


Prop, by seed and division. A fairly 










Vim aria 


rich moist soil. Japan. 










pvrpurea 








"Cream 


POISONOUS 


Zygadenus 


Slender plant. Small flowers in 


I*-2ft. 


Mid. 


white" 


ZYGADENUS 


venenosus 


short racemes on erect stems. Leaves 


Sun 


May to 








mostly about the root. Bulb poison- 




mid. 








ous. Plant in wild or bog-garden. 




June 








Slight winter protection necessary. 












Prop, by seed, more frequently by 












offsets. Moist soil preferable. West- 












ern U. S. A. 









47 1 



SOME PLANTS CONSPICUOUS FOR THEIR 


FOLIAGE 


Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Cream 


VARIE- 


jE g0 p6dium 


A common foliage plant. Spreads 


12-15 in - 


Late 


white" 


GATED 


podograria 


quickly by creeping rootstocks, and 


Sun 


May to 




GOUTWEED 


var. 


makes attractive mats of white mar- 




late 




OR 


variegatum 


gined foliage. Hard to get rid of 




June 




ASHWEED 




when established. Prop, by division. 












Europe. 






"Purple" 


VARIE- 


Aira 


Rather stiff grass plant of orna- 


1-2$ ft. 






GATED 


caeriilea var. 


mental foliage. Flowers in spike- 


Sun 






HAIR 


variegata 


like panicles. Leaves striped green 








GRASS 


Molinia 


and gold. Excellent for carpeting. 










ccerulea var. 


Central Europe; Asia. 










variegata 








"White" 


INDIAN 


Aralia 


A strong-growing plant. Umbels of 


5-8 ft. 






WILD 


Cachemirica 


flowers forming long loose panicles. 


Half 






SARSAPA- 


A. Cashme- 


Small round black or purplish berries. 


shade 






RILLA 


riana, A. 


Leaves compound. Good for shady 










macrophflla 


places under trees and for subtropical 












effects. Prop, by cuttings. Mts. of 












India. 






"White" 


CORDATE 


Aralia 


Umbels of flowers forming long 


4-6 ft. 






WILD 


cordata 


loose panicles. Small round black or 


Half 






SARSAPA- 


A. edulis 


purplish berries. Leaves divided into 


shade 






RILLA 




somewhat heart-shaped leaflets. Good 












for subtropical effects. Prop, by cut- 












tings. Japan. 






"Green- 


SPIKENARD 


Aralia 


Flower umbels in loose panicles. 


3-4 ft. 


Late 


ish 




racemosa 


Bears small round black berries. Fo- 


Sun 


July 


white" 






liage compound. Good under trees. 




to late 








Prop, by cuttings. Northern U. S. A. 




Aug. 


"Green" 


VARIE- 


Arrhenathe- 


A pretty dwarf tufted grass. 


6-8 in. 






GATED 


rum 


Leaves striped green and white. Good 


Sun 






OAT- 


Dulbdsum var. 


for the edge of border. Prop, by divi- 








GRASS 


variegatum 


sion. Ordinary garden soil. Hort. 






"White" 


SOUTHERN- 
WOOD, 
OLD MAN 


Artemisia 
Abr6tanum 


A plant of shrubby growth. Droop- 
ing flowers on long slender panicles. 
Grown for its dark green fragrant foli- 


3-5 ft. 
Sun 










age. Prop, by division or cuttings. 












Thrives even in poor soil. Europe. 






"Whit- 


LEWIS' 


Artemisia 


Very hoary plant with panicles of 


2ft. 




ish" 


SOUTHERN- 


Ludoviciana 


small tubular blossoms. Silvery col- 


Sun 






WOOD 




ored foliage is more effective than 












flowers. Margin of border. Prop, by 












division. Thrives in poor soil. Plains 












of Western U. S. A. 







472 



FOLIAGE PLANTS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Whitish 


ROMAN 


Artemisia 


An effective bushy foliage plant. 


I ft. 




yellow" 


WORM- 


P6ntica 


Panicles of small globe-shaped droop- 


Sun 






WOOD 




ing flowers. Leaves finely divided 












and whitish beneath. Prop, by divi- 












sion. Thrives in poor soil. Europe. 






"Yellow' 


OLD 
WOMAN 


Artemisia 
Stelleriana 


A very hoary shrubby plant. 
Small globe-shaped flowers in com- 


2 it. 
Sun 










pact racemes. Attractive for its 












silvery effect. Prop, by division. 












Thrives in poor soil. Coast of Mass.; 












Asia. 






"Green" 


JAPANESE 


Arundinaria 


Grass -like plant. Foliage large, 


6- i o ft. 






BAMBOO 


Japdnica 


dark and glossy, whitish underneath. 


Half 








Bambiisa 


Grows well in cities. Needs plenty 


shade 








Metdke 


of room, sheltered position and also 












some winter protection. Prop, pref- 












erably by division in spring. Rich 












loamy soil. Japan. 






"Green" 


SIMON'S 


Arundinaria 


Imposing plant which takes some 


1 0-20 ft 






BAMBOO 


Simdni 


years to establish. Leaves 8-12 in. 


Sun 








A. Narihira, 


long and very narrow. Needs shel- 










Bambiisa 


tered position, some winter protection 










Simoni, 


and pruning. Prop, preferably by 










B. viridi- 


spring division. Rich loamy soil. 










striata 


India; China. 






"Red- 


GIANT 


Arundo 


Grown for foliage. Erect stalks 


10 ft. 




dish" 


REED 


Ddnax 


with plumy racemes of small flowers, 


Sun 










and graceful large pointed leaves. 












Effective in clumps. Prop, by seed 












and division. Any soil. S. Europe. 












Var. variegata, (A. D. var. ver si- 












color), variegated foliage. Hort. 






"Bronze" 


LARGE- 


*Bocc6nia 


Plumy clusters of bronze-tinted 


9 ft. 


[ uly 




LEAVED 


microcarpa 


flowers at the summit of stems clad 


Sun 


J 




PLUME 




with large handsome leaves like those 








POPPY 




of B. cordata. Naturalize on edge of 












lawns or shrubbery, etc. Prop, by 












division, generally by suckers. Rich 












soil is essential. China. 






"Red" 


NIGRICANS 


Canna 


One of the most desirable of the 


4-6 ft. 




bet 


CANNA 


nigricans 


tall Cannas on account of its foliage, 


Sun 




19&20 






which is very dark. Plant in formal 












garden or shrubbery border. After 












frost, dig up the roots and store in dry 












cellar until spring. Prop, by division 












of rootstock. Light soil, rich, deep 












and moist. 






"Green" 


VARIE- 
GATED 


Dactylis 
glomerata 


Dwarf grass in inconspicuous flower 
clusters. Foliage marked with silver. 


I $-2 ft. 

Sun 


Aug. 




ORCHARD 


var. 


Much used for edgings. Prop, by 








GRASS OR 


variegata 


division. Any good soil. Hort. 








COCK'S- 












FOOT 











473 



FOLIAGE PLANTS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green" 


SEA LYME 


Elymus 


Vigorous strong-rooting ornamental 


2-5 ft. 






GRASS 


arenarius 


grass. Flowers valueless. Plant near 


Sun 










shrubbery or on sandy banks. Tem- 












perate Zone. 






"Green- 


WOOL 


Eriinthus 


Ornamental grass. Very long 


4-7 ft - 


Aug. 


ish" 


GRASS, 


Rave"nnae 


leaves tinged with violet and with 


Sun 






PLUME 


Sdccharum 


white line down the centre. Hand- 








GRASS, 


Ravenna; 


some in clumps like the Pampas 








RAVENNA 




Grass. Prop, by division. Any soil. 








GRASS 




S. Europe. 








BLUE 


Festuca 


Ornamental grass. Inconspicuous 


18-20 in. 


June, 




FESCUE 


glauca 


flowers in panicles grown for the 


Sun or 






GRASS 


F. ovlna var. 


dense tufts of very narrow bluish 


half 








glauca 


leaves. Used for edgings or for con- 


shade 










trast with darker foliage. Prop, by 












division. Europe. 






"White" 


GIANT 


Heracleum 


Large bold plant for subtropical 


8- 10 ft. 


July, 




PARSLEY OR 


villdsum 


effects. Small flowers in dense clus- 


Sun 


early 




GIANT COW 


H. gigdnteum 


ters i ft. or more across. Leaves very 




Aug. 




PARSNIP 




large. Easy to naturalize in rough 












places. Prop, by seed and division. 












Rich moist loam. Europe. 






"Brown- 


EULALIA 


Miscanthus 


An excellent grass plant with feath- 


4-9 ft. 


Oct. 


ish 




Sine"nsis 


ery panicles of flowers which have 


Sun 




violet" 




Eulalia 


long silky hairs. Good for orna- 










Japdnica 


mental beds or in the shrubbery bor- 












der. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any soil. Japan. 












Vars. gracillimus, (Eulalia gracil- 












lima univittata, Eulalia Japonica gra- 












cillima), narrower leaves. Variega- 












tus, variegated foliage. Zebrinus, has 












cross bands of yellow on the leaves. 












The last two Japanese vars. are prop. 












better by division. 






"White" 


RIBBON 


Phalaris 


A grass with flowers in spikes. 


2-4 ft. 


Aug. 




GRASS, 


arundinacea 


Grown for its ribbon-like foliage, which 


Sun 






GARDEN- 


var. variegata 


is striped with white. Good for edg- 








ER'S 


P. arundina- 


ing beds. Northern N. Amer. 








GARTERS 


cea var. picta 








"Brown- 


GOLDEN 


Phyll6stachys 


Graceful grass plant with small 


10-15 ft- 




ish" 


BAMBOO 


aurea 


light-colored leaves and stems of yel- 


Half 








Bambusa 


lowish green. Effective if planted 


shade 








aurea 


against setting of dark foliage. Prop. 












usually by spring division. Rich 
loamy soil. Slight protection neces- 












sary. Japan. 






"Brown- 


BLACK 


Phylldstachys 


One of the best-known species. 


1 0-20 ft. 




ish" 


BAMBOO 


nlgra 


Branches turn black after a year. 


Half 








Bambusa 


Delicate, paper-like foliage of medium 


shade 








nlgra 


size. Prop, usually by spring division. 












Rich loamy soil; sheltered position, 












slight protection. Orient. 







474 



FOLIAGE PLANTS 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green" 


OVAL- 


PhylKSstachys 


Very angular habit of growth; 


Ii-2ft. 




LEAVED 


ruscif61ia 


small dark oval leaves. Prop, usually 


Half 






BAMBOO 


P. Kumdsaca, 


by spring division. Rich loamy soil; 


shade 








Bambusa 


sheltered position; slight winter pro- 










ruscifolia, 


tection. Japan. 










B. viminalis 








"Green" 


GLAUCOUS 
BAMBOO 


Phyll6stachys 
viridi- 


Graceful and easily cultivated Bam- 
boo, covering large space. Running 


io-i8ft. 
Half 








glauce"scens 


rootstock. Small yellowish branches, 


shade 








Bambusa 


medium sized leaves. Prop, usually 










viridi- 


by spring division. Rich loamy soil; 










glaucescens 


sheltered position; slight winter pro- 












tection. China. 






"Green- 


MEDICINAL 


Rheum 


Effective foliage plant with very 


5-6 ft. 




ish 


RHUBARB 


officinale 


large leaves, sometimes 3 ft. broad. 


Sun 




white" 






Flowers numerous. Plant near shrub- 












beries, etc. Prop, by division. Rich 












deep soil. Thibet; W. China. 






"Green- 


PALMATE 


Rheum 


Foliage plant of tropical effect. 


6-8 ft. 




ish 


RHUBARB 


palmatum 


Flowers in elongated clusters. Large 


Sun 




white" 




R. sangui- 


roundish heart-shaped leaves, deeply 










neum 


lobed. Plant near shrubberies, etc., 












isolated or in masses. Prop, by seed 












and division. Deep rich soil. China. 












Var. Tangbuttcum, (Rheum Tang- 












buticum), is more vigorous than the 












type. It increases rapidly. Leaves 












longer, and less deeply divided. Hort. 






"White" 


VARIE- 
GATED 


Rdhdea 
Japonica var. 


Foliage plant. Bell-shaped flowers 
in compact spikes. Beautiful varie- 


9-12 in. 
Half 


June 




JAPANESE 


variegata 


gated leaves, 10-12 in. long, in up- 


shade 






ROHDEA 




right rosettes, rising above the flow- 












ers. Deep rich soil. Japan. 






"Yellow" 


LAVENDER 


Santolina 


Shrubby downy plant of compact 


I*-2ft. 


July. 




COTTON 


chamae- 


habit with inconspicuous greenish 


Sun 


Aug. 






cyparissus 


yellow flowers. Valuable for its sil- 










5. incana 


very foliage,* evergreen and fragrant. 
Desirable in groups or in the border. 












Prop, by cuttings. Slight protection. 












Europe; Asia. 






"Brown" 


VARIE- 


Scirpus 


Ornamental, rush-like foliage plant. 


i-i}ft. 


June, 




GATED 


Holoschdenus 


Minute brown flowers in clustered 


Sun 


July 




BULRUSH 


var. 


spikes. Leaves striped with yellow- 








OR SEDGE 


variegatus 


ish white. Effective in bog-garden or 












beside water. Prop, by seed, division 












or suckers. Moist or dry soil. Hort. 






"Green" 


FEATHER 


Stipa pennata 


Looks like ordinary grass except 


20 in. 


July. 




GRASS 




when in bloom. Feathery plumes of 


Sun 


Aug. 








flowers used in 'everlasting' bouquets. 












Border. Prop, by seed and division. 












Deep sandy loam. Steppes of Europe 












and Siberia. 







475 



FOLIAGE PLANTS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


Various 


VARIE- 
GATED 


Sy"mphytum 
officinale var. 


Broad leaves deeply margined with 
yellow or cream color. When culti- 


JM ft. 

Sun or 


June, 
July 




COMMON 
COMFREY 


variegatum 
S. officinale 


vated for ornamental foliage the flower 
stems should be cut off. Europe. 


half 
shade 








var. luteo- 












marginatum 








"Green" 


GAMA OR 

SESAME 
GRASS 


Trfpsacum 
dactyloides 
T. Ddctylis, 
T. yiolaceum 


Ornamental grass of tufted habit. 
Terminal spikes of flowers. Plant in 
wild garden or among other orna- 
mental grasses. Prop, by seed, pref- 
erably by rootstock cuttings. Moist 


4-7 ft. 
Sun 


it 








situation. Southern and Central 












U. S. A. 






"Purple" 


SHRUB- 
YELLOW 
ROOT 


Xanthorrhiza 
apiifdlia 

Zanthorhtfa 
apiifdlia 


Shrubby yellow stemmed plant. 
Flowers in slender drooping racemes 
under the pinnate leaves. Grown for 
its foliage, which becomes golden yel- 
low in autumn. Prop, by seed and 


I -2 ft. 

Shade 


May, 
early 
June 









division. Any garden soil, preferably 
moist. Eastern U. S. A. 









476 




PANICLED CLEMATIS, Clematis paniculata. 



477 





CHINESE WISTARIA. Wistaria Chinensis. 



A FEW SELECTED VINES AND CLIMBERS 


Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 

Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


ASIATIC 


Actfnidea 


Strong rapid grower which makes 


20 ft. or 


June 




ACTINIDIA 


pol^gama 


long shoots each season. A deciduous 


more 










twining shrub with inconspicuous 


Sun or 










fragrant flowers in clusters. Hand- 


shade 










some glossy foliage. Especially good 
for screens, trellises or arbors. Prop. 












by cuttings and layers. Rich soil. 
E. Asia. 






"Pur- 


AKEBIA 


Akebia 


A graceful twining shrub with pret- 


12 ft. or 


May, 


plish" 
42 




quinata 


ty clusters of small fragrant flowers 
and charmingevergreen foliage. Forms 


more 
Sun 


early 
June 








a thick screen. Good for trellises, 












pergolas, etc. Prop, by seed, root- 












division, cuttings or layers. Well- 












drained soil. Japan; China. 






"Green- 


VIRGINIA 


Ampeldpsis 


Rapidly climbing shrub of free and 


I 2-20 ft. 


July 


ish" 


CREEPER 


quinquefolia 


luxuriant habit bearing inconspicuous 


Sun or 








A. hederacea, 


clusters of flowers followed by hand- 


half 








Vitis quin- 


some dark blue berries. Beautiful 


shade 








quefolia 


divided foliage, turning brilliantly in 












fall. Invaluable for covering walls, 












dead trees, buildings, etc. Prop, by 












seed, generally by hardwood cuttings. 












Any soil. N. Amer. 






"Green- 
ish" 


JAPANESE 
OR BOSTON 


Ampelopsis 
tricuspidata 


One of the best wall creepers, re- 
sisting dust, etc. Climbing shrub 


30-40 ft. 
Sun or 


Late 
June, 




IVY 


A. Roylei, 


clinging closely and having dense 


shade 


early 






A. VeitclH. 


growth of glossy foliage which turns 




July 






nth 


bronze or scarlet in fall, and bunches 










incdnstans 


of berries. Much used in cities. It 












will grow well in a northern exposure. 












Prop, by seed, greenwood cuttings 












and layers. Any soil. China; Japan. 






"Pur- 


DUTCH- 


Aristol&chia 


Striking climbing shrub with odd 


12-20 ft. 


Late 


plish 


MAN'S 


macroph^lla 


inconspicuous flowers and large round 


Sun or 


May, 


brown" 


PIPE 


A. Slpbo 


dark leaves, 10 in. across. Useful for 


half 


early 


21 






screens, porches, etc. Prop, by cut- 


shade 


June 








tings. Any good loamy soil. U. S. A. 






"Green- 


ORIENTAL 


Celastrus 


Shrubby climber with clusters of 


12-15 ft. 


June 


ish 


BITTER 


orbiculatus 


small flowers, succeeded by clusters of 


Sun or 




white* 1 


SWEET 


C. articulatus 


bright orange-yellow berries with con- 


shade 










spicuous crimson seeds which are 












hidden until the leaves fall. Prop, by 












fall-sown seed, cuttings of the root or 












layers. Any soil. China; Japan. 







479 



VINES AND CLIMBERS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Green- 


FALSE 


Celastrus 


Shrubby climber with terminal 


20 ft. 


June 


ish 


BITTER 


scandens 


clusters of small flowers, followed by 


Sun or 




white" 


SWEET 




bright yellow berries with conspicuous 


shade 










crimson seeds which last all winter. 












Prop, by fall-sown seed, cuttings of 












the root or layers. Any soil. N. 












Amer. 






"Lilac" 


BLUISH 
CLEMATIS 


Clematis 
casrulea 


Large spreading blossoms of a 
beautiful shade when grown in a 


8- 1 oft. 

Half 


June, 
July 






C. a^urea, 


northern exposure. Rather slow- 


shade 








C. patens 


growing. Requires rich deep soil and 












plenty of rotten manure. Needs 












plenty of water during dry weather. 












Prop by cuttings or graftings. Rich 












loamy soil, well-drained and enriched. 












Japan. 






"Purple" 
48 


JACKMAN'S 
CLEMATIS 


Clematis 

Jackmani 


A beautiful species bearing a pro- 
fusion of large, spreading, deep purple 


5-6 ft. 
Half 


Late 
June 


intense 






flowers. Support is necessary and 


shade 


to 








winter mulching advisable. Prop, by 




early 








cuttings or graftings. Rich loamy 
soil, well-drained and enriched. Needs 




Sept. 








plenty of water. Hort. 












Var. Gypsy Queen has deep violet 
flowers. Var. Star of India has purple 












flowers striped with red. Var. mag- 












nifica, (Clematis magnified), has pur- 








X 




ple flowers crimson tinted and striped 












with red. Hort. 






"White" 


WHITE 


Clematis 


This variety is similar to the type, 


5-6 ft. 


M 




JACKMAN'S 


Jackmani 


differing only in having white blos- 


Half 






CLEMATIS 


var. alba 


soms. Support is necessary and winter 


shade 










mulching advisable. Prop, by cut- 












tings or graftings. Rich loamy soil, 












well-drained and enriched. Needs 












plenty of water in summer. Hort. 






"Laven- 


GREAT- 


21e"matis 


This species is remarkable for the 


5-6 ft. 


June 


der" 


FLOWERED 


lanuginosa 


size of its blossoms, which are borne 


Half 


:o 




VIRGIN'S 




in succession throughout the summer. 


shade 


Sept. 




BOWER 




Support is necessary and winter 












mulching advisable. Prop, by cut- 












tings or grafts. Rich loamy soil, 












well-drained and enriched. There 












are many vars. China. 












Var. Candida, (C.. Candida}, differs 












from the type, having larger flowers 












and larger leaves. Var. excelsior, (C. 












excelsior), has double pale purple flow- 












ers with red stripes. Hort. 






"Grayish 


GREAT- 


Clematis 


This variety is similar in habit to 


5-6 ft. 


M 


white" 


FLOWERED 
VIRGIN'S 


lanugindsa 
var. 


the tvpe. The flowers are large and 
bluish tinted. Support is necessary 


Half 
shade 






BOWER 


"Otto 


and winter mulching advisable. Prop. 








OTTO 


Froebel" 


by cuttings or grafts. Rich loamy 








FROEBEL 




soil, well-drained and enriched. Hort. 







480 



VINES AND CLIMBERS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Siti4ation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


MOUNTAIN 


Clematis 


A beautiful species. Strong-grow- 


I 5-2O ft. 


June 




CLEMATIS 


montana 


ing climber with large showy flowers. 


Sun 










Requires protection in winter. Prop. 












by cuttings or graftings. Rich soil. 
Mediterranean Region. 






"White" 


PANICLED 


Clematis 


A vigorous climber which covers a 


20-25 ft. 


Sept. 




CLEMATIS 


paniculata 


large space the first season. Remark- 


Sun 










ably plentiful in blossoms, and de- 












lightfully fragrant. Small starry 












flowers. Invaluable for covering 












porches, arbors, etc. Prop, by seed, 












cuttings or graftings. Rich light 












loamy soil. Japan. See Plate, 












page 477. 






"Bluish 


PURPLE 


Clematis 


A species with drooping flowers 


8- 1 oft. 


May, 


purple" 


VIRGIN'S 


verticillaris 


2-3 in. across. Prop, by seed, cuttings 


Sun 


June 




BOWER 


Atrdgene 


or grafts. Rich loamy soil, well- 










Americana 


drained and enriched Eastern N. 












Amer. 






"Red" 


RED 


Clematis 


More desirable than the type. 


8-10 ft. 


Early 




LEATHER 
FLOWER 


Vidrna var. 
coccmea 


Scarlet or rosy red pitcher-shaped 
flowers. Grayish foliage. Winter 


Sun 


June, 
uly, 






C. coccmea 


mulching desirable. Prop, by seed 




ate 








and cuttings. Rich soil, light and 




Sept. 








loamy. Texas. 






"White" 


TRAVEL- 
LER'S JOY 


Clematis 
Vitalba 


One of the most vigorous species of 
Clematis. A profusion of small fra- 


20-30 ft. 

Sun 


July to 
Sept. 








grant flowers in panicles. Grows 












quickly and covers arbors rapidly. 












Support is necessary. Prop, by cut- 












tings or graftings. Rich loamy soil 












with good drainage. Europe; Africa. 






"White" 


JAPANESE 
SPINDLE 


Eudnymus 
radicans 


A bushy climbing evergreen much 
valued for its dark glossy foliage. 


10-12 ft. 

Sun or 






TREE 


E, Japonicus 


Forms a dense covering over walls, 


shade 








var. radicans 


rocks, fences, etc. Prop, by cuttings 












of half-ripe wood. A warm exposure 












and ordinary soil. There are vars. 












with variegated foliage. Japan. 






"Green- 


ENGLISH 


He*dera 


Climbing or trailing evergreen sub- 


30-40 ft. 


June, 


ish" 


IVY 


Helix 


shrub with inconspicuous flowers and 


Shade 


July 








beautiful large dark green leaves. 












There are many vars., all of which do 












especially well on the north side of 












buildings. Protect in winter. Prop. 












by half-ripe cuttings. Preferably 
rich damp soil. Europe; Africa; Asia. 






"Green- 
ish 


COMMON 
HOP 


Stimulus 
Lupulus 


Vigorous free-growing twining per- 
ennial which bears greenish yellow 


2 5-30 ft. 

Sun 


Mid. 
July to 


yellow" 






catkins. Leaves rough and hairy. 




early 








Useful for its rapid growth in cover- 




Aug. 








ing trellises, old fences, etc. Prop, by 












seed or division in spring. Any soil, 












preferably rich loam. Europe; N. 












Amer.; Asia. 







481 



VINES AND CLIMBERS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


MAN-OF- 


Ipomosa 


Hardy perennial vine. Funnel- 


2- 1 2 ft. 


J"iy. 




THE- 


pandurata 


shaped purple-throated flowers in 


Sun 


Aug. 




EARTH, 




clusters. Dense foliage. Good for 








WILD 




covering fences or stumps in wild gar- 








POTATO 




den, etc. Prop, by seed, division or 








VINE, 




cuttings. Any soil. Canada; East- 








PERENNIAL 




ern U. S. A. 








MOON- 












FLOWER 










"Pur- 


TWO- 


Ldthyrus 


Perennial climber of the Pea order, 


4-6 ft. 


June, 


plish 


FLOWERED 


grandifldrus 


not so vigorous as L. latifolius. Flow- 


Sun or 


July 


rose" 


EVER- 




ers, size of Sweet Pea and largest of 


shade 




31 


LASTING 




species, grow in pairs. Habit free 






darker 


PEA 




and neat. Good covering for rocks, 












banks, stumps, etc. Prop, by seed and 












division. Any garden soil. S.Europe. 






"Rose" 


EVER- 


Ldthyrus 


Vigorous perennial climber. Nu- 


4-8 ft. 


Mid. 


40 


LASTING 


latifdlius 


merous large loose clusters of pea- 


Sun or 


July to 


lighter & 


OR 




shaped flowers continuous in bloom 


shade 


sarly 


37 


PERENNIAL 




even after a frost. Grayish foliage. 




Sept. 




PEA 




Excellent for covering rocks, stumps, 












banks, etc. Good for cutting. Very 












easily cultivated. Prop, by seed, divi- 












sion or cuttings. Any soil. Europe. 












Var. splendent; (color no. 3 i or 40) 












is the best form of L. latifolius. Very 












showy and free-growing. Brilliant 












purplish pinkish flowers, occasionally 












red. The luxuriant foliage makes a 












good background. 






"White" 


WHITE 


[/fithyrus 


Vigorous perennial climber. Nu- 


4-8 ft. 


Mid. 




EVER- 


atifolius 


merous large pea-shaped flowers in 


Sun or 


July to 




LASTING 


var. albus 


loose clusters. Gray-green compound 


shade 


Sept. 




OR 




foliage. Excellent for covering 








PERENNIAL 




stumps, banks, etc. Prop, by seed 








PEA 




and division. Any soil. Hort. 






"Old 


SHOWY 


Lathyrus 


Wild on shady banks. Strong- 


2-3 ft. 


Mid. 


rose" 


WILD PEA 


vendsus 


stemmed perennial vine. Blossoms 


Sun or 


[une 


25 






in many-flowered clusters. Good for 


shade 


to July 








cutting. Useful in covering rough 












places. Prop, by seed and division. 












Any good garden soil. N. Amer. 






"Yel- 


ITALIAN 


Lonicera 


Climbing plant with fragrant pur- 


12-15 ft- 


May, 


lowish 


HONEY- 


Caprifolium 


plish tinted flowers. Useful for trel- 


Sun 


[une 


white" 


SUCKLE, 


C. bortense, 


lises and walls. Prop, by fall-sown 








FRAGRANT 
WOODBINE 


C. perfoliatum 


seed or ripe wood cuttings. Any good 
soil. Europe; Asia; naturalized in 












N. Amer. 






"White" 


JAPANESE 


Lonicera 


Climbing vine with dainty fragrant 


1 5 ft. 


fune, 




OR 


Japonica 


flowers and semi -evergreen leaves. 


Sun 


|uly 




CHINESE 




Charming when grown over walls or 








HONEY- 




shrubs. Prop, by fall-sown seed or 








SUCKLE 




ripe wood cuttings. Any good soil. 












China; Japan; naturalized in N. Amer. 












Var. aureo-reticulata, (L. reticulata 












aurea, L. bracbypoda reticulata), has 












smaller yellow-veined leaves. Hort. 







482 



VINES AND CLIMBERS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"White" 


HALL'S 


Lonicera 


Climbing vine differing from the 


.5 ft. 


Sept. 




JAPANESE 


Japdnica var. 


type mainly in its time of bloom. 


Sun 






HONEY- 
SUCKLE 


Halliana 
L. flexuosa 


Semi-evergreen foliage. Prop, by 
fall-sown seed or ripe wood cuttings. 










Halliana, 


Any good soil. China; Japan. 










Caprtfolium 












Hallidnum 








"Scarlet" 


TRUMPET 


Lonicera 


Beautiful native climber with ter- 


8-10 ft. 


May to 


18 


HONEY- 


sempe"rvirens 


minal clusters of lovely bright flowers, 


Sun 


Sept. 




SUCKLE 


Caprifolium 


sometimes yellow. Handsome foliage, 










sempervirens 


evergreen in the Southern States. 












Prop, by fall-sown seed or ripe wood 












cuttings. Any good soil. U. S. A. 






"Yellow" 


SULLI- 


Lonicera 


Climbing plant with close spikes of 


4-5 ft. 


May, 




VANT'S 
HONEY- 


Sullivantii 
L. flava 


purplish tinted flowers. Thick gray- 
ish leaves. Attractive in the fall on 


Sun 


June 




SUCKLE 




account of its bright red berries. Prop. 












by fall-sown seed or ripe wood cut- 












tings. Any good soil. N. Amer. 






"Purple" 


CHINESE 


L^cium 


Branching shrub which if trained 


12-15 ft. 


June 




BOX 


Chme*nse 


to a support will grow 15 ft. high, the 


Sun 


to 




THORN 




long slender branches being laden 




Sept. 








with ornamental scarlet fruit. Good 












rich soil. China. 






"White" 


MATRI- 


L^cium 


Branching shrub with a profusion 


12-15 ft- 


Late 




MONY 


vulgare 


of bright red berries following funnel- 


Sun 


May to 




VINE, 


L. ftdccidum, 


like flowers which vary to purple. 




late 




BOX 


L. halimi- 


Grayish foliage. Useful for covering 




Sept. 




THORN 


folium 


walls, etc. Prop, by seed, cuttings of 












hard wood, layers or suckers. Plant 












in any position not too damp. Europe. 






"White" 


BALTIMORE 


R6sa 


A variety of the Prairie Rose. It 


6ft. 


June, 




BELLE 


"Baltimore 


has clusters of rather small double 


Sun 


July 




ROSE 


Belle" 


flowers and is not so hardy as the 












type. A useful climber for trellis or 












porch. Prop, generally by cuttings. 
Any rich soil. Hort. 






"Rosy 


CARMINE 


R6sa 


A lovely climbing Rose having deli- 


10-12 ft. 


June 


carmine" 


PILLAR 


'Carmine 


cate single flowers of a peculiarly fine 


Sun 




bet. 


ROSE 


Pillar" 


color. Foliage good. An excellent 






27&34 






pillar rose and good for walls, arbors, 












etc. It is best to cover in winter. 












Prop, by cuttings or graftings. Rich 
soil. Hort. 






"Crim- 


CRIMSON 


R6sa 


A climber bearing a profusion of 


i 5-20 ft. 


June, 


son" 


RAMBLER 


"Crimson 


rather small dazzling double flowers. 


Sun 


July 




ROSE 


Rambler" 


A vigorous plant which is a great 












favorite and makes quick growth, 












covering a large space in the first 












season. Prop, generally by cuttings. 












Any good soil. Hort. 







483 



VINES AND CLIMBERS 



Color 


English 

Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Crim- 


THE 


Rosa 


A cross between Rosa multiflora 


10-15 ft 


June 


son" 


DAWSON 


"Dawson" 


and General Jacqueminot. A ram- 


Sun 






ROSE 




pant grower, covered with a myriad 












of small single roses in clusters. Pret- 












ty clean foliage. Very attractive for 












arbors, trellises, etc. Prop, by cut- 












tings and graftings. Good rich soil. 












Hort. 






"Pink" 
30 


DEBU- 
TANTE 


Rosa 
'Debutante" 


A "perpetual flowering" climbing 
Rose bearing a profusion of flowers in 


10-15 ft- 
Sun 


June 




ROSE 




clusters. Excellent for pillars. Prop. 












generally by cuttings. Rich heavy 












soil, either loamy or clayey. 






"White" 


BRAMBLE 


Rosa 


A rampant grower covered with 


6- 1 oft. 


H 




ROSE 


multifl&ra 


clusters of small single fragrant flow- 


Sun 








R. intermedia, 


ers. Free vigorous habit. Useful for 










R. polydntba, 


pillar work and pretty in the shrub- 










R. Wicbura 


bery, where it forms a large bush. 












Prop, generally by cuttings. Re- 












quires good rich soil. China; Japan. 






"Deep 


PRAIRIE 


R6sa 


Climber with clusters of flowers 2 


6ft. 


June, 


rose" 


ROSE 


setigera 


in. across, which gradually fade to 


Sun 


J^y 


30 






white. Very effective, the flowers be- 












ing exceptionally showy. Prop, gen- 












erally by cuttings. Any rich soil. 












Eastern N. Amer. 






"Bright 
pink" 
near 30 


SWEET- 
HEART 
ROSE 


R6sa 
'Sweetheart" 


A perpetual floweringclimbing Rose, 
bearing a profusion of double flowers 
in clusters. Good for covering pillars 


10-12 ft. 

Sun 


N 








and porches. Very effective and 












pleasing. Prop, generally by cuttings. 
Heavy soil, either loamy or clayey. 












Hort. 






"Pink" 


THE 


R&sa 


One of the most rapid growers. 


1 5-20 ft. 


M 


20 to 30 


FARQUHAR 


'The 


Flowers in large clusters. The splen- 


Sun 




& darker 


ROSE 


Farquhar" 


did shiny foliage lasts in good condi- 












tion throughout the season. Prop, by 












cuttings. Hort. 






"White" 


WICHU- 


Rosa 


A strong-growing Rose of prostrate 


I 2-20 ft. 


July. 




RIANA 


Wichuriana 


habit with single flowers 1^-2 in. 


Sun 


Aug. 




ROSE 




across and brilliantly glossy leaves. 












Forms long shoots in a season and is 












pretty on rocks or sunny banks, etc. 












Prop, by division and cuttings. Any 












ordinary soil. There are many pretty 












vars. in different colors. Japan. 






"White" 


CLIMBING 


Schizo- 


A very effective climbing shrub 


30 ft. 


[uly 




HYDRAN- 


)hragma 


which resembles the Hydrangea. 


Sun or 






GEA 


lydran- 


Small flowers in large clusters and 


half 








geoides 


pretty bright green deciduous foliage 


shade 










which forms a pleasing contrast to the 












young red shoots. Useful for cover- 












ing walls, etc. Prop, by seed, cuttings 












of green wood or layers. Rich soil 












fairly moist. Japan. 







484 



VINES AND CLIMBERS 



Color 


English 
Name 


Botanical 
Name and 
Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


Time of 
Bloom 


"Scarlet" 


CHINESE 


Te"coma 


Shrubby climber, not as high grow- 


4-6 ft. 


Late 


bet. TRUMPET 


grandifiora 


ing as T. radicans but with larger 


Sun 


J^y. 


16 & 17 


CREEPER 


T. Chinensis, 
Bignbnia 


flowers. Terminal clusters of gorgeous 
blossoms about 2 in. broad. Prop, by 




Aug. 






Chinensis, 


seed, cuttings or layers. Rich and 










Cdmpsis 


moist soil is best. China; Japan. 










adrepens 








"Scarlet 


TRUMPET 


Te*coma 


Shrubby climber with terminal 


8-12 ft. 


July, 


orange" JVINE, 


rad icans 


clusters of showy tubular flowers, 


Sun 


Aug. 


19 shad- CREEPER 


Bignbnia 


yellow inside, and handsome dark 






ing to 10 


OR HONEY- 
SUCKLE 


radicans, 
Cdmpsis 


green compound leaves. Very effec- 
tive when in flower. Good for cov- 










radicans 


ering walls, fences, old trees, etc. 












Prop, by seed, cuttings or layers. 












Rich moist soil is best. Eastern U. 












S. A. 






"Purple" 


CHINESE 


Wistaria 


A deservedly favorite climber with 


20-30 ft. 


May 


44 


WISTARIA 


Chine*nsis 


large dense pendent clusters of pea- 


Sun 








W ' . conse- 


shaped flowers and beautiful light 










quana, 


green foliage. This wonderful vine is 










W. poly- 
stachya, 


of a sturdy growth and very flores- 
cent. It needs support. Prop, most 










W '. Sinensis 


easily by layers. Rich soil is prefer- 
able. China. See Plate, page 478. 






"White" 


^ T HITE 


Wistaria 


A lovely variety though not so 


20-30 ft. 


ii 


(CHINESE 


Chine*nsis 


hardy as the type. The clusters are 


Sun 




WISTARIA 


var. albifldra 


longer and more graceful. Plant in a 












warm sheltered spot. Prop, by lay- 












ers. Rich soil. 






"Purple" 
44 


LOOSE- 
CLUSTERED 


Wistaria 
multijuga 


The drooping clusters of this species 
are much larger and looser than those 


20-30 ft. 
Sun 


H 




WISTARIA 


]V . Chinensis 


of the Chinese Wistaria. Pale green 










var. multijuga, 
W . grandi- 


foliage. Prop, most easily by layers. 
Rich soil is preferable. Japan. 










ftbra 











485 



A FEW OF THE BEST FERNS 


English Name 


Botanical Name 
and Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


MAIDENHAIR 


*Adiantum 


Graceful clusters of delicate fronds on dark 


8-14 in. 


FERN 


pedatum 


wiry stems. Excellent for cutting. Set 


Shade 






plants a foot apart in masses. Easily culti- 








vated in rich soil with plenty of water and 








good drainage. Prop, by spores. U. S. A. 




CHRISTMAS OR 


*Aspidium 


A tough evergreen with deep green pol- 


i ft. 


SHIELD FERN 


acrostichoides 


ished fronds, coarsely divided. Excellent 


Shade 




Dryopteris 


for cutting. Plant several i ft. apart in 






acrosticboldes 


good well-drained garden soil. Easily trans- 








planted. Prop, by spores. Eastern Amer. 




MALE SHIELD 


*Aspidium 


Beautiful and uncommon evergreen. 


i-iHt. 


FERN 


Filix-mas 


Thrives under trees. Plant in masses a foot 


Shade 


. 


Dryopteris 


apart. Rich soil mixed with sand and leaf- 






Filix-mas 


mold. Prop, by spores. N. Europe; Can- 








ada; Col. 




GOLDIE'S 


Aspidium 


Our tallest wood fern with deep green 


2-4 ft. 


WOOD FERN 


Goldianum 


fronds occasionally more than a foot wide. 


Shade 




Dryopteris 


Plant these ferns at intervals of 18 in. in 






Goldieana 


moist soil. Prop, by spores. Eastern Amer. 




MARGINAL 


* Aspidium 


Thick fronds, 3-5 in. wide, remain deep 


I -2 ft. 


SHIELD OR 


marginale 


green all the year round. Thrives anywhere 


Shade 


EVERGREEN 


Dryopteris 


but prefers rich soil. Plant at intervals of 




WOOD FERN 


marginalis 


i foot. Prop, by spores. N. Amer. 




SPINULOSE 


* Aspidium 


An evergreen with minutely divided 


1 5 in. 


WOOD FERN 


spinulosum 


fronds about 4 in. wide. These ferns thrive 


Shade 




Drydpteris 


when planted 18 in. apart in rich soil with 






spinulbsa 


plenty of muck or leaf-mold. Prop, by 








spores. Northern N. Amer.; Europe. 




NARROW- 


Asplenium 


Pale delicate foliage easily beaten down 


. - 4 ft. 


LEAVED 


angustifolium 


by wind or rain. Plant in background about 


Shade 


SPLEENWORT 




ib in. apart. Rich moist soil preferable. Prop. 








by spores. N. Amer. 




EBONY 


*Asplfenium 


An evergreen species with delicate leaves, 


6-15 in. 


SPLEENWORT 


ebfeneum 


i to 2 in. wide on dark erect stems. Good 


Sun or 




A. platyneuron 


for rock-garden. Plant 18 in. apart in dry 


half 






soil mixed with some leaf- mold and a little 


shade 






lime. Prop, by spores. N. Amer. 




LADY FERN 


*Asplfenium 


A striking species with finely toothed 


2-3 ft. 




Fllix-fcemina 


fronds. Set out plants in rich moist soil 


Sun or 






nearly 2ft. apart. Prop, by spores. Europe; 


shade 






N. Amer. 




MAIDENHAIR 


*Asplfenium 


Dainty evergreen with delicate fronds 


3-6 in. 


OR DWARF 


Trichomanes 


about \\ in. wide. Excellent for rock-gar- 


Shade 


SPLEENWORT 




den. Thrives in any cleft of rock, if given a 








bare foot-hold. Plant 8 in. apart. Leaf- 








mold beneficial. Prop, by spores. Northern 








Hemisphere. 





486 



FERNS 



English Name 


Botanical Name 
and Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


WALKING LEAF 


*Camptos6rus 


Excellent for carpeting the rock-garden. 


4-12 in. 


OR FERN 


rhyzoph^llus 


Small prostrate fern with tapering evergreen 


Half 






leaves. The fronds root at their tips, if they 


shade 






touch the ground, thus forming by "steps" 








new plants. Set out plants o in. apart in 








dry soil with a sprinkling of leaf-mold. 








Prop, by rooting of leaves and spores. East- 








ern N. Amer. 




BULBLET 


Cystdpteris 


Thrives on lime-stone cliffs near falling 


I -2 ft. 


BLADDER 


bulbifera 


water. Slender tapering foliage, pale in 


Shade 


FERN 




color. Set but plants 8-12 in. apart, in moist 








soil, in front of stronger ferns. Prop, by 








spores. Eastern N. Amer. 




HAY-SCENTED 


*Dicks6nia 


Excellent for massing in open ground. 


2-3 ft. 


OR GOSSAMER 


puncti!6ba, 


Finely cut foliage fragrant when dry or 


Sun or 


FERN, HAIRY 
DICKSONIA 


D. pilosiuscula, 
Dennstcedtia 


crushed. Plant at intervals of 8 in. in dry 
or moist soil, well drained. Prop, by spores. 


half 
shade 




punctilobula 


Eastern N. Amer. 




CLIMBING, 


*Lyg6dium 


The only climbing fern in America. Deli- 


i -3 ft. 


CREEPING OR 


pahnatum 


cate heart-shaped fronds of a pale green on 


Shade 


HARTFORD 




slender trailing stems. Needs some support. 




FERN 




Plant in moist soil with leaf-mold and a 








mulch of leaves for a few years. Prop, by 








spores. Florida; Tenn. 




SENSITIVE 


Onoclea 


Thrives anywhere. Withers rapidly after 


I -2 ft. 


FERN 


sensibilis 


being picked. Coarse foliage peculiar in 
shape and delicate in color. Set out plants 


Sun or 
shade 






a foot apart. Prop, by spores. Eastern N. 








Amer. 




OSTRICH FERN 


*0noclea 


One of the tallest and most stately ferns. 


2-5 ft. 




Struthi6pteris 


Graceful feathery foliage, dark green and 


Sun or 




Strutbiopteris 


usually erect. Effective .as background for 


shade 




Germdnica 


smaller ferns, as its growth is of tropical 








luxuriance. A gross feeder, requiring much 








manure. Prop, by spores. Northeastern 








N. Amer. 




CINNAMON 


*0smtinda 


A striking plant. Fronds 8 in. wide turn 


2-5 ft. 


FERN 


cinnamdmea 


to cinnamon-brown. Thrives in rich moist 


Sun or 






soil with plenty of leaf-mold. Prop, by 


shade 






spores. Eastern Amer. 




CLAYTON'S OR 


Dsmunda 


Easily cultivated. Resembles the Cinna- 


2-4 ft. 


INTERRUPTED 


Dlaytoniana 


mon Fern with graceful foliage curving out- 


Shade 


FERN 




ward like a feather duster. Plant at inter- 








vals of about 2 ft. in dry stony soil. Prop. 








by spores. Eastern Amer. 




ROYAL OR 


*0smu*nda 


Distinctive in appearance. Smooth pale 


2-4 ft. 


FLOWERING 


regalis 


green foliage and conspicuous fruit in flower- 


Sun or 


FERN 




like clusters. Thrives in rich moist soil, 


shade 






even with water standing 2 or 3 in. deep. 








Prop, by spores. Eastern Amer. 




BROAD OR 
HEXAGON 


*Pheg6pteris 
iexagon6ptera 


Triangular leaves broader than their 
length, and much divided. Establish plants 


7-12 in. 
Shade 


BEECH FERN 




about 8 in. apart in any garden soil, pref- 








erably rather dry. Prop, by spores. East- 
ern N. Amer. 





487 



FERNS 



English Name 


Botanical Name 
and Synonyms 


Description 


Height 
and 
Situation 


COMMON 
BRAKE OR 
EAGLE FERN 


*Ptferis aquilina 


Strikingly tall and vigorous plant. Leath- 
ery foliage, dull green in a sunny exposure, 
but a fresh color when growing in the shade. 
Any soil. Prop, by spores. N. Amer. 


-5 ft. 

Sun or 
shade 


COMMON 
POLYPODY, 
ROCK OR 


*Polyp6dium 
vulgare 


Evergreen. One of the best for the rock- 
garden, and useful for cutting. Finely cut 
fronds. Grows on decayed tree-trunks and 


4-12 in. 
Half 
shade 


SNAKE FERN 




on flat shelves in rocky ledges. Plant at in- 








tervals of 4-6 in. in any soil, not very moist. 
Prop, by spores. Europe; U. S. A. 




RUSTY 


Woodsia Hvlnsis 


Suitable for rock-garden. Grows in com- 


2-6 in. 


WOODSIA 




pact tufts on exposed rocky ledges. Plant 
at intervals of about 8 in. in moist well- 


Sun or 
half 






drained soil. Prop, by spores. Amer. 


shade 


NARROW- 
LEAVED OR 
NET-VEINED 
CHAIN FERN 


Woodwdrdia 

angustifolia 




Minutely toothed fronds 3-4 in. wide grown 
in compact tufts. The plant thrives in wet 
bogs, in moist or dry garden soil, well- 
drained. Prop, by spores. Eastern U. S. A. 


i ft. 

Shade 






SUPPLEMENTARY LISTS 



SOME PLANTS WHICH WILL BLOOM IN SHADE 

Ajuga alpina Funkia subcordata 

Ajuga reptans Funkia subcordata var. grandiflora 

Asarum Europaeum Funkia Sieboldiana 

Convallaria majalis Hepatica acutiloba 

Epimedium alpinum Hepatica triloba 

Funkia Fortunei Orobus vernus 

Funkia lancifolia Pachysandra terminalis 

Funkia lancifolia var. alba marginata Pachysandra terminalis var. variegata 

Funkia lancifolia var. undulata Vancouveria hexandra 

Funkia ovata Vinca minor 

SOME PLANTS WHICH WILL GROW IN POOR SOIL 

Achillea serrata Lamium album 

Ajuga alpina Linaria vulgaris 

Alyssum saxatile Opuntia Missouriensis, and Rafinesquii 

Aquilegia Canadensis Orobus lathroides 

Arabis albida Phlox subulata 

Cerastium tomentosum Potentilla tridentata 

Dianthus deltoides, plumarius, and many others Saxifraga Pennsylvanica 

Eryngium campestre Sedum acre and stoloniferum 

Euphorbia Myrsinites Sempervivum tectorum, and arvernense 

Geranium sanguineum, and maculatum Verbascum Thapsus 

Helianthemum vulgare Veronica rupestris 

Iberis sempervivens Viola cucullata 

A FEW PLANTS. HAVING ESPECIALLY LONG BLOOMING SEASONS 

Campanula Carpatica Scabiosa graminifolia 

Delphiniums, if cut back Scabiosa sylvatica 

Heuchera sanguinea Verbascums, if cut back 

Lathyrus latifolius Viola cornuta 

Lychnis coronaria Viola tricolor 

SOME PERENNIALS FLOWERING THE FIRST SEASON FROM SEED SOWN IN 

SPRING 

Bupthalmum salicifolium Dianthus plumarius, and many other species 

Campanula Carpatica Erigeron Coulteri 

Campanula Carpatica var. alba Erigeron glabellus 

Campanula Carpatica var. rotundifolia Gaillardia aristata var. grandiflora 

Centaurea montana Geum atrosanguineum 

Chrysanthemum maximum Inula ensifolia 

Delphinium exaltatum Linaria Dalmatica 

Delphinium formosum Papaver nudicaule 

Delphinium grandiflorum Pentstemon campanulatus 

489 



SUPPLEMENTARY LISTS 



FIFTY OF THE BEST ANNUAL PLANTS 



1 Ageratum Mexicanum 

2 Alonsoa incisifolia 

3 Amarantus cordatus 

4 Antirrhinum majus, many varieties 

5 Arctotis grandis 

6 Bartonia aurea 

7 Brachycome iberidifolia 

8 Browallia elata var. grandiflora 

9 Calendula officinalis, many varieties 

10 Calistephus hortensis (China Aster) 

1 1 Celosia cristata, many varieties 

12 Celosia plumosa 

13 Centaurea Americana 

14 Centaurea cyanus 

15 Chrysanthemum carinatum, many vari- 
10 Clarkia elegans [eties 



IT Cleome pungens 
18 



Collinsia bicolor 

19 Convolvulus tricolor 

20 Coreopsis Drumondii 

21 Cosmos bipinnatus, and varieties 

22 Delphinium consolida, and varieties 

23 Dianthus Chinensis 

24 Eschscholtzia Californica 

25 Gaillardia picta var. Lorenziana 



26 Gilia tricolor 

27 Helianthus cucumerifolius var. Stella 
20 Helipterum roseum 

29 Helichrysum bracteatum, and varieties 

30 Iberis umbellata, and varieties 

31 Ipomoea purpurea 

32 Lathyrus odoratus, many varieties 

33 Lupinus hirsutus, and other species 

34 Matthiola incana, and var. annua 

35 Mirabilis jalapa 

36 Papaver Rhoeas, and somniferum in variety 

37 Petunia hybrida 

38 Phacelia viscida and Whitlavia 

39 Phlox Drumondii 

40 Reseda odorata, many varieties 

41 Salpiglossis sinuata, and varieties 

42 Salvia splendens 

43 Scabiosa atropurpurea, and varieties 

44 Schizanthus pinnatus, and varieties 

45 Tagetes patula, and erecta -^ 

46 Tropaeolum majus, and minus 

47 Thunbergia alata 
40 Torenia Fournieri 

49 Verbena hybrida 

50 Zinnia elegans 



TWENTY-FIVE OF THE BEST HARDY HERBACEOUS PLANTS 



Adonis vernalis 

Anemone Japonica, and its varieties 

Aquilegia caerulea, chrysantha, and chrys- 

Aster alpinus [antha hybrids 

Campanula Carpatica, persicifolia, and 

Clematis recta [macrantha 

Delphinium elatum, formosum, and hy- 

Dicentra spectabilis [bridum 

Iris Germanica, and its varieties 

Iris laevieata, and its varieties 

Lilium Hansoni, speciosum, tenuifolium, 

and many other kinds 
Lychnis Chalcedonica 
(Enothera fruticosa var. Youngii 



14 Paeonia albiflora, officinalis, and many fine 

hybrids 

1 5 Papaver orientale, and its varieties 
10 Phlox paniculata, and its varieties 
17 Phlox subulata 

10 Platycodon grandiflorum 

19 Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum) roseum 

20 Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum) uliginosum 

21 Rudbeckia speciosa 

22 Sedum spectabile 

23 Statice latifolia 

24 Trollius Europaeus 

25 Veronica rupestris, and latifolia var. sub- 

sessilis 



A FEW OF THE BEST ROCK-GARDEN PLANTS 



Adonis vernalis 

Alyssum saxatile 

Aquilegia caerulea, Canadensis, vulgaris, and 

many others 
Arabis albida 
Armeria maritima 
Aster alpinus 
Aubretia deltoidea 

CampanulaCarpatica, turbinata, and rotundi- 
Dianthus deltoides, and many others [folia 
Epimedium alpinum 
Geranium sanguineum 
Gypsophila repens 



Iberis sempervirens 

Lathyrus vernus 

Papaver alpinum, and nudicaule 

Phlox subulata 

Primula denticulata 

Helianthemum vulgare 

Heuchera sanguinea 

Lychnis viscaria var. flore-pleno 

Saxifraga cordifolia, crassifolia, and ligulata 

Sedum spectabile and Sieboldii 

Sempervivum arachnoideum, and sobiliferum 

Tunica saxifraga 

Viola cornuta 



490 



SUPPLEMENTARY LISTS 



SOME OF THE BEST HARDY PLANTS FOR EDGINGS 



Achillea tomentosa 
Ajuga reptans 
Arabis albida 
Armeria maritima 
Aubrietia deltoidea 
Campanula Carpatica 
Cerastium tomentosum 
Dianthus deltoides 



Phlox subulata 
Phlox procumbens 
Sedum stoloniferum 
Stellaria Holostea 
Veronica incana 
Veronica rupestris 
Viola cornuta 



SOME HARDY PLANTS FOR BOLD OR SUBTROPICAL EFFECTS 



Acanthus latifolius 
Bocconia cordata 
Cimicifuga racemosa 
Dipsacus Fullonum 
Echim^ps Ritro and exaltatus 
Elvffijis arenarius 

Helianthus orgyalis 
Heracleum giganteum 



Onopordon Acanthium 
Polygonum cuspidatum 
Polygonum sachalinense 
Silphium perfoliatum 
Spiraea- Aruncus 
Telekia cordifolia 
Verbascum Olympicum 
Yucca tomentosa 



A FEW OF THE BEST PLANTS FOR WILD GARDENS 



Anemone Canadensis 

Aquilegia vulgaris, and Canadensis 

Aster corymbosus, Novae Angliae, and many 

Campanula rapunculoides [others 

Convallaria majalis 

Coreopsis lanceolata 

Coronilla varia 

Crocus, in variety 

Epilobium angustifolium 

Erythronium Americanum 

Galanthus nivalis 

Helianthus mollis, and rigidus 

Hemerocallis fulva 



Hesperis matronalis 

Malva Alcea 

Lamium album 

Narcissus poeticus, princeps, and many others 

Scilla Sibirica and Hispanica 

Tulipa sylvestris 

Rudbeckia speciosa 

Verbascum Thapsus 

Viola cuculata, pedata, and pubescens 

Lilium superbum, and Canadense 

Solidago Canadensis, serotina, and many 

others 
Geranium maculatum 



INDEX OF BOTANICAL AND 
ENGLISH NAMES 



INDEX 



[Figures in bold-face type refer to pages bearing descriptive text, i.e., the important references; entries set in italic 
type are synonyms; varieties entered with no page numbers following are subordinate to the entries under which 
they are indented; " illus." indicates pages on which illustrations of the respective entries occur.] 



Aaron's Beard, 303, 388. 
Acanthus, Broad-leaved, 337, 403. 
Acanthus latifolius, 337. 403, 491. 
Acanthus longifolius, 264, 354. 
Acanthus Lusitanicus, 337. 403. 
Acanthus mollis, 354, 415, 446. 
Acanthus mollis var. latifolius, 337, 

403, 446; illus. 335. 
Acanthus spinosissimus, 357, 415, 440. 
Acanthus spinosus, 357, 415, 446. 
Achillea AZgyptiaca, 293, 384, 421. 
Achillea Millefolium var. rubrum, 321, 

394, 428. 

Achillea Mongolica, 274, 375, 416. 
Achillea Ptarmica, 167, 274, 37.5, 4i6. 
Achillea Ptarmica var. "The Pearl," 

167, 274, 375, 4i6, 446; illus. 

276. 

Achillea ptarmicoides, 274, 375, 416. 
Achillea serrata, 489. 
Achillea Sibirica, 274, 375, 416. 
Achillea tomentosa, 96, 194, 293, 384. 

421, 491. 

Achillea Tournefortii, 293, 384, 421. 
Acts autumnalis, 420. 
Aconite, Autumn, 345, 410, 438, 446. 
Common Winter, 4, 27, 450. 
Officinal, 274, 345, 375, 4io, 416, 

438. 

Aconitum Anthora, 194, 293. 
Aconitum autumnale, 345, 410, 438. 
Aconitum barbatum, 294, 384, 421. 
Aconitum Cammarum var. Storkia- 

num, 345, 410. 

Aconitum intermedium, 345, 410. 
Aconitum Lycoctonum, 294, 384, 421. 
Aconitum Napellus, 345, 410, 438, 446. 
Aconitum Napellus var. album, 274, 

375, 416, 446. 

Aconitum ochroleucum, 294, 384, 421. 
Aconitum pyramidale, 345, 4io, 438. 
Aconitum pyramidale var. album, 274, 

375, 4i6. 

Aconitum Pyrenaicum, 194, 293. 
Aconitum squarrosum, 294, 384, 421. 
Aconitum Storkianum, 345, 4io. 
Aconitum Tauricum, 345, 410, 438. 
Aconitum Tauricum var, album, 274, 

375, 416, 438. 
Aconitum uncinatum, 233, 337, 403, 

446; illus. 336. 
Acorus Calamus, 466. 

var. variegatus. 
Acorus gramineus var. variegatus, 

458. 

Actaea alba, II, 71, 167. 
Actaea Japonica, 416. 
Actoea prodocarpa, 379. 
Actaea rubra, it, 71, 167. 
Actaea spicata, 71, 167. 

var. rubra (A. rubra). 
Actinella grandiflora, 194, 294. 
Actinella lanata, 198, 299. 
Actinella scaposa, 294, 384. 
Actinidea, Asiatic, 479. 
Actinidea polygama, 479. 
Actinomeris squarrosa, 294, 384. 



Adamsia scilloides, 20, 89. 
Adam's Needle, 194, 293, 457. 
Adder's Meat, 93, 190. 
Adder's Tongue, Common, 27, 101. 
Adenophora communis, 345, 411. 
Adenophora Fischeri, 345, 411. 
Adenophora Lamarckii, 234, 337, 403. 
Adenophora liliflora, 345, 411. 
Adenophora Ittiifolia, 345, 411. 
Adenophora Potannini, 346, 411. 
Adenophora Potannini var. alba, 274, 

Adiantum pedatum, 486. 
Adonis, Pyrenean, 294. 

Spring, 23, 96, 446, 490. 
Adonis Apennina, 23, 96. 
Adonis Davurica, 23, 96. 
Adonis Pyrenaica, 294. 
Adonis vernalis, 23, 96, 446, 490. 
^Egopodium podograria var. variega- 

tum, 472. 

^Ethionema cordifolium, 234. 
^Ethionema grandiflorum, 127, 234, 

^Ethionema Persicum, 222. 
Ageratum Mexicanum, 490. 
Agrostemma Coronaria, 268, 370. 
Agrostemma Flos-Jovis, 229, 331. 
Aira caerulea var. variegata, 472. 
Ajuga alpina, 141, 489. 
Ajuga Genevensis, 141, 446. 
Ajuga metallica var. crispa, 141, 250. 
Ajuga nugosa, 141. 

Ajuga reptans, 141, 250, 446, 489, 490. 
var. rubra. 

" variegata. 

Ajuga reptans var. alba, 71, 167. 
Akebia, 479. 
Akebia quinata, 479. 
Alchemilla alpina, n, 71. 
Aletris Japonica, 337, 403. 
Alexanders, Golden, 209, 314. 
Alkanet, Barrelier's, 142, 250. 

Cape, 142, 250, 346. 

Italian, 142, 250, 346. 
Alkekengi, 325, 397, 431. 
Allium anceps, 127, 234. 
Allium azureum, 250, 346. 
Allium cernuum, 329. 
Allium Moly, 24, 96, 446. 
Allium mutabile, it, 71. 
Allium platycaule, 127, 234. 
Alonsoa incisifolia, 490. 
Alpine Aster, Blue, 128, 234, 447. 

White, 75, 168. 
Alsine Holostea, 93, 190. 
Alsine verna, 72. 

Alstroemeria aurantiaca, 31?, 392. 
Alstrcemeria aurea, 317, 392. 
Althaea rosea, 357, 415, 246; illus. 356. 
Alum Root, 214. 

False, 93. 

Hairy, 179, 285, 381. 
Alyssum alpestre, 194, 294, 384. 
Alyssum argentium, 194, 294, 384. 
Alyssum Gemonense, 24, 96. 
Alyssum rostratum, 194, 294, 384. 

495 



j.j.o.11 o, j^, .jyu. 

Amaryllis aurea, 389. 
American Violet, Con 



Alyssum saxatile, 24, 96, 446, 489, 

490; illus. 25. 
Alyssum saxatile var. compactum, 24, 

96, 446. 

var. flore-pleno. 
" variegatum. 

Alyssum Wierzbickii, 194, 294, 384. 
Amarantus cordatus, 490. 
Amaryllis, Blood- red, 324, 396. 
Hall's, 324, 396. 

f n.'U.'Tffrt aRd.. 

immon Blue, 48, 
141. 

Large, 48, 141. 

Amorpha canescens, 346, 411. 
Ampelopsis hederacea, 479. 
Ampelopsis quinquefolia, 479. 
Ampelopsis Roylei, 479. 
Ampelopsis tricuspidata, 479. 
Ampelopsis Veitchi, 479. 
Amsonia, 142, 250, 446. 

Narrow-leaved, 142, 250. 
Amsonia angustifolia, 142, 250. 
Amsonia ciliata, 142, 250. 
Amsonia latifolia, 142, 250. 
Amsonia salicifolia, 142, 250. 
Amsonia Tabernaemontana, 142, 250, 

446; illus. 143. 
Anchusa Barrelieri, 142, 250. 
Anchusa Capensis, 142, 250, 346. 
Anchusa Italica, 142, 250, 346. 
Anemone, Alpine, 71. 

Blue Winter, 51, 142. 

Canada, 71, 167, 274. 

Narcissus-flowered, 71, 167, 274. 

Pink Japanese, 432. 

Rue, 72. 

Tall, 167, 274. 

Virginian, 167, 274. 

Wood. See Wood A. 
Anemone acutiloba, 51, 146. 
Anemone acutipetala, 43, 71, 127. 
Anemone alpina, 71. 
Anemone angulosa, 51, 149. 
Anemone Apennina, 48, 142. 
Anemone blanda, 51, 142. 
Anemone Canadensis, 71, 167, 374, 

491. 

Anemone Caroliniana, 43, 127. 
Anemone decapetala, 43, 127. 
Anemone dichotoma, 71, 167, 274. 
Anemone Hepatica, 51, 149. 
Anemone Honorine Jobert, 416. 
Anemone Japonica, 431, 446, 490; 

illus. 430. 

var. "Queen Charlotte." 
Anemone Japonica var. alba, 416, 446, 

490* illus. 418. 
Anemone Japonica var. rubra, 432, 

446, 490. 

Anemone Japonica var. "The Whirl- 
wind," 416, 446, 490. 
Anemone narcissiflora, 71, 167, 274. 
Anemone nemorosa, u, 71, 167; illus. 

Anemone nemorosa var. caerulea, 51, 
142. 



INDEX 



Anemone nemorosa var. Robinsoni- 

ana, 51, 142. 
Anemone patens var. Nuttalliana, 43, 

127. 
Anemone Pennsylvanica, 71. 167, 274; 

illus. 73. 

Anemone Pulsatilla, 43. 127. 
Anemone ranunculoides, 24, 96. 
Anemone sylvestris, u, 72, 167, 274, 

446; illus. 13. 
Anemone sylvestris var. flore-pleno, 

ii, 72. 

Anemone triloba, 51, 149. 
Anemone umbellata, 71, 167, 274. 
Anemone Virginiana, 167, 274. 
Anemonella thalichtroides, 72. 
Anemonopsis, Large-leaved, 337. 
Anemonopsis California, 337. 
Anemonopsis macrophylla, 337. 
Angel's Eyes, 154, 262, 456. 
Antennaria dioica, 222. 

var. tomentosa. 

Anthemis Kelwayi, 194, 294, 384, 421. 
Anthemis tinctoria, 96, 195, 294, 384, 

421. 
Anthemis tinctoria var. Kelwayi, 194, 

294, 384, 421. 

Anthericum, Branching, 168. 
Anthericum Graminifolium, 168. 
Anthericum Liliago, 274, 375. 
Anthericum Liliastrum, 72, 167, 277. 

var. major. 

Anthericum racemosum, 168. 
Antirrhinum majus, 490. 
Apache Plume, 115, 213. 
Aponogeton distachyum, 458. 
Aquilegia alpina, 142, 250. 

var. superba. 

Aquilegia atrata, 127, 234. 
Aquilegia caerulea, 145, 250, 446, 490; 

illus. 251. 
var. hybrida. 
Aquilegia ccerulea var. flavescens, 24, 

96, 195, 294. 

Aquilegia Calif ornica, 36, 114, 212. 
Aquilegia Calif or nica var. hybrida, 114, 

212. 

Aquilegia Canadensis, 36, 114, 212, 

489 49. 49i; illus. 37- 
Aqu^leg^a Lanadensis var. flavescens, 

24, 96, i95. 294. 
Aquilegia Canadensis var. flaviflora, 

24, 96, 195, 294. 
Aquilegia chrysantha, 96, 195, 294, 

384, 446, 49- 
var. flavescens (A. aurea, A. 

Canadensis var. aurea). 
Aquilegia eximea, 36, 114, 212. 
Aquilegia flabellata, 264; illus. 260. 
Aquilegia flabellata var. flore-alba, 168. 
Aquilegia formosa var. hybrida, 114, 

212, 446. 
Aquilegia flabellata var. nana-alba, 

1 68. 

Aquilegia glandulosa, 145, 250, 446. 
Aquilegia leptoceras, 145, 250. 
Aquilegia leptoceras var. chrysantha, 

., 96, 195, 294, 384. 
Aquilegta macrantha, 145, 250. 
Aquilegia oxysepala, 127, 234. 
Aquilegia Skinneri, 114, 212. 
Aquilegia stellata, 127, 234. 
Aquilegia Stuarti, 145, 250. 
Aquilegia truncata, 36, 114, 212. 
Aquilegia vulgaris, 127, 234, 490. 491. 
var. Olympica (A. Wittmamana). 
Vervaeneana (var. foliis-au- 

reis, var. atroviolacea) . 
Aquilegia vulgaris var. alba, n, 72. 
Aquilegia vulgaris var. flore-pleno, 

156, 264. 

Aquilegia vulgaris var. niyea, 72, 168. 
Aquilegta vulgaris var. nivea, n, 72, 

447- 
Arabis albida, n, 72, 447, 489, 490, 

491; illus. 13. 



42. 



Arabis albida (cont'd) 
var. flore-pleno. 

" variegata. 
Arabis alpina, 12, 72. 
var. flore-pleno. 

" variegata. 
Arabis Caucasica, n, 72. 
Arabis procurrens, 12, 72. 
Aralia Cachemirica, 472. 
Aralia Cashnteriana, 472. 
Aralia cordata, 472. 
Aralia edulis, 472. 
Aralia macrophylla, 472. 
Aralia racemosa, 472. 
Arbutus, Trailing, 40, 122. 
Arctotis grandis, 490. 
Arenaria graminifolia, 277. 
Arenaria procera, 274. 
Arenaria verna, 72. 
Arethusa, 118, 222. 
Arethusa bulbosa, 118, 222. 
Aretia Vitaliana, 100, 197. 
Aristolochia macrophylla, 479. 
Aristolochia Sipho, 479. 
Armeria alpina, 43, 128, 234; illus 
Armeria dtanthoides , 72, 168. 
Armeria Laucheana, 39, 118, 222. 
Armeria maritima, 118, 222, 447, 489, 

490. 
Armeria maritima var. Laucheana, 39, 

118, 222, 447. 

Armeria plantaginea, 128, 234. 
Armeria plantaginea var. leucantha, 

72, 1 68. 

Armeria vulgaris, 118, 222. 
Arnebia echioides, 24, 99. 
Arnica montana, 204, 384. 
Arrhenatherum bulbosum var. vaxie- 

gatum, 492. 
Arrowhead, Common, 470. 

Old World, 465. 
Artemisia Abrotanum, 472. 
Artemisia Ludoviciana, 472. 
Artemisia Pontica, 473. 
Artemisia Stelleriana, 473. 
Artichoke, Jerusalem, 425. 
Arum, Arrow, 465. 
Aruncus astilboides, 190, 292. 
Aruncus Japonica, 190. 
Aruncus Sylvester, 190, 292, 471. 
Arundinaria Japonica, 473. 
Arundinaria Narihira, 473. 
Arundinaria Simoni, 473. 
Arundo Donax, 466, 473. 

var. variegata (var. versicolor). 
Asarabacca, 128, 234. 
Asarum Canadense, 264, 357. 
Asarum Europaeum, 128, 234, 489. 
Asclepias tuberosa, 317, 392, 447; 

illus. 316. 

Ashweed, Variegated, 472. 
Asperula ciliatq, 224. 
Asperula Galioides, 168, 277. 
Asperula odorata, 75, 168. 
Asphodel, Branching, 168, 277. 

True, 195, 295. 
Asphodeline lutea, 195, 295. 
Asphodelus albus, 168, 277. 
Asphodelus luteus, 195, 295. 
Aspidium acrostichoides, 486. 
Aspidium Filix-rnas, 486. 
Aspidium Goldianum, 486. 
Aspidium marginale, 486. 
Aspidium spinulosum, 486. 
Asplenium angustifolium, 486. 
Asplenium ebeneum, 486. 
Asplenium Filix-fcemina, 486. 
Asplenium platyneuron, 486. 
Asplenium Trichomanes, 486. 
Aster, Alpine. See Alpine A. 
Arrow-leaved, 337, 404. 
Beach, 131, 239. 
Bessarabian, 403, 435. 
Hairy Golden, 385. 
Lindley's, 403, 435. 
Low Showy, 404, 436. 



Aster (cont'd; 
Maack's, 411, 439. 
New England, 404, 435, 447; illus. 

405, 434- 
Prairie, 436, 447. 
Purple. See Purple A. 
Rush, 337, 403, 435- 
Savory-leaved, 337, 403, 435. 
Short's, 436, 447. 
Siberian, 404, 436. 
Small White, 168, 277. 
Smooth, 438, 447. 
Stokes', 414, 440, 455- 
Tall Flat-top White, 375, 416. 
Tartarian, 436, 447. 
Western Silky, 394, 428. 
Western Silvery, 394, 428. 
Aster Alpinus, 128, 234, 447, 490; 

illus. 129. 
var. superbus. 

Aster alpinus var. albus, 75, 168, 447. 
Aster Amellus var. Bessarabicus, 403, 

435. 

var. elegans. 

Aster Amellus var. hybridus, 432. 
Aster argenteus, 394, 428. 
Aster Bessarabicus, 403, 435. 
Aster corymbosus, 491. 
Aster incisus, 338, 404. 
Aster junceus, 337, 403, 435. 
Aster laevis, 438, 447. 

var. formosissima. 
Aster linariifolius, 337, 403, 435. 
Aster Lindleyanus, 403, 435. 
Aster Maackii, 411, 439. 
Aster Novas Anglias, 404, 435, 447, 

491; illus. 405, 434. 
var. albus. 
" roseus. 
" ruber. 

Aster Novi Belgii, 435. 
Aster patens, 436. 
Aster ptarmicoides, 277, 375. 
Aster sagittifolius, 337, 404. 
Aster salsuginosus, 177. 
Aster sericeus, 394, 428. 
Aster Shprtii, 436, 447. 
Aster Sibiricus, 404, 436. 
Aster spectabilis, 404, 436. 
Aster Tataricus, 436, 447. 
Aster turbinellus, 436, 447; illus. 423. 
Aster umbellatus, 375, 416. 
Aster versicolor, 416. 
Aster vimineus, 168, 277. 
Astilbe astilboides, 190, 292. 
Astilbe biternata, 168, 277. 
Astilbe Chinensis, 329, 397, 447. 
Astilbe decandra, 168, 277, 447. 
Astilbe Japonica, 168, 277, 292, 447; 

illus. 169. 
var. grandiflora. 
" multiflora. 
" variegata. 

Astragalus alopecuroides, 195, 295. 
Astragalus Chinensis, 195, 295. 
Astragalus galegiformis, 195, 295. 
Astrantia major, 223. 
Astrantia helieborifolia, 222. 
Atragene Americana, 481. 
Aubrietia deltoidea, 43, 128, 447, 490, 

491. 

Aubrietia deltoidea var. Eyrei,43, 128. 
Aubrietia deltoidea var. Graeca, 43, 128. 
Aubrietia deltoidea var. Leichtlini, 39, 

121. 

Aubrietia deltoidea var. Olympica, 44, 

128. 
Aubrietia deltoidea var. purpurea, 44, 

128. 

Auricula, 63, 1 60. 
Avens, Chiloe, 213, 322, 395. 

Double Deep Crimson, 213, 322. 

Long-plumed Purple, 115, 213. 

Mountain. See Mountain A. 

Pyrenean, 101, 198. 

Water. See Water A. 



496 



INDEX 



Babies' Slippers. 203, 305, 389. 
Babylonian Centaury, 295. 
Baby's Breath, 285, 380, 451- 
Bachelor's Button, 105, 208, 309, 

39- 

White, 89. 

Bahia, Woolly, 198, 299. 
Bahia lanata, 198, 299. 
Balloon Flower, 352, 413, 440, 454- 

White, 187, 290, 382, 420, 4S4; 

illus. 288. 
Balm, 183, 289, 382. 

Bee, 217, 324, 396, 43L 

Fragrant, 217, 324, 39 6 . 43 x. 
Bamboo, Black, 474. 

Glaucous, 475- 

Golden, 474- 

Japanese, 473- 

Oval-leaved, 473. 

Simon's, 473- 
Bambusa aurea, 474. 
Bambusa Metake, 473- 
Bambusa nigra, 474. 
Bambusa ruscifolia, 475. 
Bambusa Simoni, 473. 
Bambusa viminalis, 475' 
Bambusa viridiglaucescens, 475 
Bambusa viridistriata, 473- 
Baneberry, Japanese, 416. 

White, ii, 71, 167. 
Baptisia australis, 145, 253, 447; "lus. 

144. 

Baptisia ccerulea, 145, 253. 
Baptisia exaltata, 145, 253. 
Baptisia leucantha, 171, 277. 
Barrenwort, 100. 

American, 94, 193. 

Common, 114, 213. 

Large-flowered, 56, 100, 155. 

Large White- flowered, 12, 76. 

Mussche's, 77. 

Red, 115- 

Bartonia aurea, 490. 
Base Broom, 198, 299. 
Bearded Pentstemon, 230, 332. 

Torrey's, 325f 396, 454. 
Beard-tongue, Blue Smooth, 153, 261. 

Cobaea, 37<>, 415. 

Crowned, 207, 306. 

Diffuse, 245, 342. 

Foxglove, 187, 290, 454. 

Large- flowered, 261, 352. 

Large Smooth, 261, 352. 

One-sided, 245, 343- 

Sharp-leaved, 245, 345. 

Showy, 261, 352. 

Slender, 136, 245, 343. 
Bear Grass, 194' 
Bear's Breech, 354, 415, 446. 

Long- leaved, 264, 354. 

Prickly, 357t 41 5. 446. 

Very Prickly, 357. 415, 446. 
Bedding Pansy, 48, 141, 249, 345, 
410, 438. 456. 

White, 23, 95, 194, 293, 384, 421, 

Yellow, 35, no, 210, 317, 392, 

Bedstraw, Hedge. See Hedge B. 

Lady's, 198, 299, 385. 

Northern, 178, 284. 

Sylvan, 284, 380. 
Beech Fern, Broad, 487. 

Hexagon, 487. 
Begonia, Evans', 329, 397. 
Begonia discolor, 329, 397. 
Begonia Evansiana, 329, 397. 
Begonia grandis, 329, 397. 
Belemcanda Chinensis, 317, 392. 
Belentcanda punctata, 317, 392. 
Bellflower, Alliara-leaved, 277. 

Clustered, 237-238, 338, 447. 

Creeping, 338, 404. 

European, 338, 404. 

Giant, 342, 409. 

Gland. See Gland B. 



Bellflower, Great, 253, 346, 411. 

Japanese, 352, 413, 440. 

Large- blossomed, 238, 338, 447. 

Michaux's, 289. 

Milk-white, 278, 376. 

Noble, 264, 357, 448. 

Peach-leaved. See Peach-leaved B. 

Rainer's, 238, 338. 

Russian, 237. 

Sarmatian, 346. 

Spotted, 171, 278. 

Steeple, 346, 411. 

Turban. See Turban B. 

Van Houtte's, 238, 339, 448. 
Bellis perennis, 39, xai, 223; illus. 

41. 
Bellwort, Large- flowered, no, 210. 

Perfoliate, no. 

Bellwort, Sessile-leaved, 102, 204. 
Bergamot, White Wild, 290. 

Wild, 342. 

Bethlehem Sage, 55, 154. 
Betonica offlcinalis, 249, 344. 
Betonica rosea, 249, 344. 
Betony, Wood, 105, 207, 249, 344. 
Bignonia Chinensis, 485. 
Bignonia radicans, 485. 
Bird's Eyes, 154, 262. 
Bishop's-cap, Two-leaved, 81. 
Bishop's Hat, 114, 213. 
Bitter- root, 268, 370. 
Bitter Sweet, False, 480. 

Oriental, 479. 
Bitter Vetch, Black, 242, 341. 

Spring, 47, 136, 452. 

White Spring, 16, 8r, 452. 
Black Sampson, 330, 398. 
Blazing Star, Common, 408, 437. 

Crocus-flowered, 314, 326, 392, 397, 
431, 456; illus. 327. 

Cylindric, 408. 

Dense-spiked, 408, 437, 452. 

Handsome, 341, 408. 

Potts', 321, 394, 428, 456. 

Reddish, 326, 397, 456. 

Scarious, 408, 437, 452. 
Bleeding Heart, 40, 122, 227, 330, 
450. 

California, 122, 227. 

White, 76, 174. 

Wild, 227, 330, 450. 
Blood-root, 20, 89. 
Bloomeria, Golden, 36, 113. 
Bloomeria aurea, 36, 113. 
Bluebell, Common (of England), 160, 

273. 

Blue Bells, 52, 150. 
Blue Bells of Scotland, 238, 339, 
404. 

White, 171, 278, 376. 
Blue Flag, Larger, 136, 242, 469. 

Missouri, 257. 

Slender, 135, 242. 

Western, 149, 257. 
Bluet, Mountain. See Mountain B. 
Bluets, 149, 257; illus. 147. 
Bocconia cordata, 277, 375, 447, 

491. 

Bocconia Japonlca, 277, 375. 
Bocconia microcarpa, 473. 
Bolandra Oregana, 234. 
Boltonia, Aster-like, 375, 419. 

Broad-scaled, 337, 404, 436, 447. 

Woad-leaved, 376, 419, 447- 
Boltonia asteroides, 375, 419; illus. 

Boltonia glastifolia, 376, 419, 447. 
Boltonia glastifolia, 375, 419. 
Boltonia incisa, 338, 404. 
Boltonia latisquama, 337, 404, 436, 

447. 
Boneset, 283, 379. 

Tall, 283, 379- 
Borage, Loose-flowered, 250. 
Borago Laxiflora, 253. 
Bouncing Bet, Double, 333t 4oa. 

497 



Bowman's Root, 178, 284. 
Boxberry, 284, 380. 
Box Thorn, 483. 

Chinese, 483. 

Brachycome iberidifolia, 490. 
Brasenia peltata, 458. 
Brauneria pallida, 330, 398. 
Brodicea unifiora, 140. 
Bronze-leaf, Rodger's, 188, 291. 
Broom, Base, 198, 299. 
Broomwort, Mountain, 93, 193. 
Browallia elata var. grandiflora, 49 >. 
Brunella grandiflora, 234, 338. 
Brunella Pyrenaica, 234, 338. 
Buckbean, Fringed, 458. 
Bugbane, American, 379. 
Bugle, 141, 250, 446. 

Crisped Metallic, 141, 250. 

Erect, 141, 446. 

White, 71, 167. 

Bulbocodium vernum, 44, 447. 
Bulrush, Great, 465. 

Variegated, 475. 
Bunchberry, 75, 173. 
Bunge's Eremurus, 197. 
Bupthalmum cordifolium, 195, 295. 
Bupthalmum grandiflorum, 195, 295. 
Bupthalmum salicifolium, 193, 295, 



Bupthalmum speciosissimum, 195, 

295. 

Bupthalmum speciosum, 195, 295. 
Burnet, 188, 291. 

Canadian, 188, 291. 

Wild, 188, 291. 
Burning Bush, 174, 282. 
Bush Clover, Japanese, 420. 

Two-flowered, 408, 437. 

Von Siebold's, 437, 452. 
Buttercup, Aconite-leaved, 89, 187. 

Creeping Double-flowered, 106, 208, 
309. 

Double Aconite-leaved, 106, 208. 

Mountain, 106, 208, 309. 

White, 89, 187. 

Butterfly Weed, 317, 392, 447. 
Butterweed, 177, 283, 379. 
Button Snakeroot, 177, 283, 379, 
419- 

Dense, 341, 408, 437, 452. 

Loose-flowered, 341, 408, 437. 



Cactus, Simpson's, 227, 330, 398. 
Calamint, Alpine, 234. 

Tom Thumb, 237, 338. 
Calamintha alpina, 234. 
Calamintha glabella, 237, 338. 
Calendula oflScinalis and vars., 490. 
Calimeris, Cut-leaved, 338, 404. 
Calimeris incisa, 338, 404. 
Calistephus hortensis (China Aster), 

499. 
Callirhoe involucrata, 212, 321, 394. 

var. linearriloba. 
Calluna vulgaris, 329, 398. 
Calopogon pulchellus, 223, 329. 
Caltha palustris var. flore-pleno, 24, 

99, 458, 466; illus. 459- 
Caltha palustns var, vnonstrosaplena, 

24, 99. 458, 466. 
Calypso, 121, 223. 
Calypso borealis, 121, 223. 
Calypso bulbosa, 121, 223. 
Camcenerion angustifolium, 228, 330, 

398. 

Camass, 145. 
Camassia Cusickii, 145. 
Camassia esculenta, 145. 
Camassia Fraseri, 145. 
Camomile, Double Scentless, 183, 289, 

382. 

Rock, 90, 195, 394, 384, 421. 
Campanula, Chimney, 346, 411, 448. 
Campanula alliariaefolia, 277. 
Campanula Barrelierii, 338. 



INDEX 



Campanula Bononiensis var. Ruthen- 

ica, 237- 

Campanula caespitosa, 145, 253, 346. 

Campanula Carpatica, 237, 338, 404, 

447, 489, 490. 491;,, illus. 235. 

var. "G. F. Wilson." 

" Henderson! (C. Carpatica tur- 

binata Henderson!) . 
" pelviformis. 
Riverslea." 

" turbinata (C. turbinata) (Tur- 
ban Bellftower). 
Campanula Carpatica var. alba, 171, 

277, 376, 447, 489. 
Campanula Carpatica var. turbinata 

alba, 278, 376, 447. 
Campanula fragilis, 338. 
Campanula Garganica, 128, 237, 338, 

404. 
Campanula Garganica var. hirsuta, 

346. 
Campanula glomerata, 237-238, 338, 

447; illus. 236. 
var. Dahurica. 

Campanula grandiflora, 352, 413, 44O. 
Campanula grandiflorum var. alba, 

187, 290, 382, 420. 
Campanula gummifera, 346. 
Campanula lactiflora, 278, 376. 
Campanula lamiifolia, 277. 
Campanula latifolia, 253, 346, 411. 

var. eriocarpa. 
Campanula latifolia var. macrantha, 

238, 338, 447- 

Campanula macrantha, 238, 338, 490. 
Campanula macrophylla, 277. 
Campanula Medium, 264, 357, 448; 

illus. 265. 

var. calycanthema. 
Campanula muralis, 131, 238. 
Campanula nobilis, 264, 357, 448. 
Campanula persicifolia, 238, 338, 448, 

490. 

var. grandiflora. 
Campanula persicifolia var. alba, 171, 

278, 448; illus. 170. 
var. alba grandiflora. 

" flore-pleno. 
Campanula persicifolia var. Backhou- 

sei, 171, 278, 44.8. 
Campanula persicifolia var. Moer- 

heimi, 171, 278, 448. 
Campanula Portenschlagiana, 131, 

238. 
Campanula punctata, 171, 278; illus. 

279. 

Campanula pyramidalis, 346, 411, 448. 
Campanula pyramidalis var. alba, 



278, 376. 
Campanula Ra 



^.. KU . u .u. iiainerii, 238, 338. 
Campanula rapunculoides, 338, 404, 

491. 
Campanula rotundifolia, 238, 339, 

404, 448. 
var. Hostii (C. Hostii). 

" sol danae flora (C. soldanella). 
Campanula rotundifolia var. alba, 171, 

278, 376. 

Campanula Ruthenica, 237. 
Campanula Sarmatica, 346. 
Campanula Trachelium, 339, 404. 
Campanula Trachelium var. alba, 172. 

var. alba plena. 
Campanula turbinata, 490. 
Campanula turbinata var. alba, 278, 

376. 

Campanula ucticifolia, 339, 404. 
Campanula Van Houttei, 238, 339, 

Campion, 'Double White, 289, 381. 

420. 

Double Evening, 289, 381, 420. 
Evening, 16, 81, 
Morning, 115, 317. 
Moss, 246. 
Red, 115, 217. 



Campion, Red Alpine, 40, 122. 

Rose, 268, 370. 

White, 1 6, 8x. 
Campsis adrepens, 485. 
Campsis radicans, 485. 
Camptosorus rhyzophyllus, 487. 
Canada Lily, Red, 214, 323. 

Wild, 268, 370. 

Yellow, 200, 304; illus. 202. 
Candytuft, Evergreen, 78, 179, 451. 

Garrex's, 77, 179. 

Gibraltar, 135, 241. 

Large-flowered Lebanon, 127, 239, 

Leathery-leaved Rock, 78, 179. 
Mi. Lebanon, 234. 
Persian, 222. 
Rock, 78, 179- 
Tenore's, 78, 179, 451. 
Canna, French or Crozy, 357-358, 385, 

394, 414, 415, 428, 440, 448. 
var. Admiral Dewey. 
" Antoine Crozy. 
" Charles Henderson. 
" E. G. Hill. 
1 Florence Vaughn. 
" Madame Crozy. 
President Cleveland. 
President McKinley. 
Queen Charlotte. 
Roslindale. 
Sir Thomas Lipton. 
Souvenir Antoine Crozy. 
Tanytown. 
" Yellow Bird. 
Italian, 358-359, 385, 394, 4*4, 415, 

421, 428, 440, 448. 
var. Alemannia. 
" America. 
" Aphrodite. 
" Edouard Andre". 
Golden Sceptre. 
H. Wendland. 
La France. 
Oceanus. 
Pandora. 
Pluto. 
Canna nigricans, 473. 
Canterbury Bells, 264, 357, 448. 
Caprifolium Hallianum, 483. 
Caprifolium hortense, 482. 
Caprifolium perfoliatum, 482. 
Caprifolium sempervirens , 483. 
Cardamine diphylla, 12, 76. 
Cardamine pratensis var. flore-pleno, 

223. 
Cardinal Flower, 396, 431, 469; illus. 

468. 

Blue, 413, 440, 469- 
Shining, 323, 396. 
Carlina acaulis, 376. 
Carolina Larkspur, 347- 

White, 282. 
Carpathian Hairbell, 237, 338, 404, 

447; illus. 235. 
White, 171, 277, 3?6, 447- 
Cassia Marylandica, 295, 385. 
Castalia odorata, 463. 
Castalia odorata var. rosea, 464. 
Castalia tetragona, 464. 
Castalia tuberosa, 464. 
Catananche caerulea, 239, 339, 407. 
var. alba. 

" bicolor. 

Catchfly, Alpine, 90, 189. 
Autumn, 233, 334, 403. 
Caucasian, 93, 189. 
Double Seaside, 189, 292. 
German. See German C. 
Catmint, Large- flowered, 261, 352, 
.. 413. 

Mussm's, 342, 409. 
Cat's-ear, 222. 
Cat- tail, Broad-leaved, 465. 
Caulophyllum thalictroides, 27, 99. 
Cedronella, Hoary, 223, 329, 398. 



Cedronella cana, 223, 329, 398. 
Celandine, Lesser, 106. 
Celastrus articulatus , 479. 
Celastrus orbiculatus, 479. 
Celastrus scandens, 480. 
Celosia cristata, 490. 
Celosia plumosa, 490. 
Centaurea Americana, 490. 
Centaurea atropurpurea, 212, 322, 

394. 

Centaurea Babylonica, 295. 
Centaurea calocephala, 212, 322. 
Centaurea cyanus, 490. 
Centaurea dealbata, 223, 329, 398. 
Centaurea glastifolia, 295, 385. 
Centaurea macrocephala, 295, 385, 

448. 
Centaurea montana, 239, 339, 407, 

448, 489. 
Centaurea montana var. alba, 75, 172, 

278, 448. 
Centaurea montana var. citrina, 99, 

195, 295. 
Centaurea montana var. rosea, 121, 

223, 329, 448. 
Centaurea montana var. sulphurca, 99, 

195, 295. 

Centaurea Ruthenica, 296. 
Centaury, Babylonian, 295. 

Blue-leaved, 295, 385. 

Diffuse, 228. 

Showy, 295, 385. 
Centranthus ruber, 212, 322. 
Centranthus ruber var. albus, 172, 

278. 

Cephalaria alpina, 196, 296. 
Cephalaria Tatarica, 278, 376. 
Cerastium arvense, 75. 
Cerastium Biebersteinii, 172, 281. 
Cerastium Boissierii, 172. 
Cerastium grandiflorum, 75, 172. 
Cerastium tomentosum, 172, 489, 491. 
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides, 411, 

439- 
Chain Fern, Narrow-leaved, 488. 

Net-veined, 488. 
Chalk-plant, Cerastium-like, 285. 

Creeping, 228, 331. 

Elegant, 178, 285. 

Pointed-leaved, 285, 380. 

Steven's, 178, 285. 
Charity, 139, 241. 

White, 89, 187. 
Checkerberry, 284, 380. 
Cheiranthus Cheiri, 156. 
Chelidonium diphyllum Papavtr Sty- 

lophorum, 106, 209. 
Chelone barbata, 230, 332. 
Chelone glabra, 281, 376. 
Chelone Lyoni, 395. 
Chelone obliqua, 395. 
Chelone obliqua var. alba, 281, 376. 
Chelone purpurea, 395. 
Cherry, Bladder, 325, 397, 431. 

Winter, 325, 397, 431. 
Chickweed, Mouse-ear. See Mouse- 
ear C. 

Field, 75. 

Chimaphila corymbosa, 172. 
Chimaphila umbellata, 172. 
Chimney-plant, White, 278, 376. 
Chinese Box Thorn, 483. 
Chinese Lantern Plant, 325, 397, 431. 
Chinese Wistaria, 485. 

White, 485. 

Chinkapin, Water, 461. 
Chionodoxa Alleni, 4, 51, 145. 
Chionodoxa Luciliae, 7, 51, 146, 448; 

illus. 9. 

Chionodoxa Luciliae var. alba. 3, 12, 75. 
Chionodoxa Luciliae var. gigantea, 7 

51, 146, 448. 
Chionodoxa Luciliae var. Tmolusi, 4, 



51, 146. 
iod( 



Chionodoxa Sardensis, 7, SL 146. 
Chionodoxa Tmolusi, 4, 51, 146. 



498 



INDEX 



Chionophila Jamesii, 172. 281. 
Chionoscilla Alleni, 4, 51, i4S. 
Christmas Rose, 3, 15. 

Long-leaved, 3, 15. 
Christopher. See Herb Christopher. 
Chrysanthemum, Anemone-flowered 

Pompon, 443, 448. 
var. Antonicus. 
4 Clara Owen. 
' Descartes. 
1 Emily Rowbottom. 

Reine des Anemones. 
" Rose Marguerite. 
Aster or Large-flowering Pompon, 

443-444; illus. 442. 
var. Alice Carey. 
" Allen Town. 
' Arabella. 
' Ashbury. 

Blenheim. 
' Bohemia. 
' Cerise Queen. 
' Constance. 

Cowenton. 

Crola. 

Daybreak. 

Douckelaori. 

Duluth. 

Empress. 

Fred J. 

Fred Peele. 

Globe d'Or. 

Gloire de France. 

Hamlet. 

Hester. 

Hijos. 

King Philip. 

Lady de Vaul. 

Little Pet. 

Madeline. 

Montclair. 

Mrs. Porter. 

Mrs. Vincent. 

Patterson. 

Prince of Wales. 

Queen of the Whites. 

Sadie. 

Salem. 
' Sheridan. 
' Sir Michael. 
' Soeur Melanie. 
' St. Anselm. 
1 Sunset. 
' Sunshine. 
" The Czar. 
" Viola. 
' Zenobia. 
Button or Small-flowering Pompon, 

444-445; illus. 442. 
var. Agalia. 
' Anna Mary. 
' Austin. 

Black Douglas. 

Blushing Bride. 
' Dawn. 
1 Dinizulu. 

Dundee. 

Fashion. 

Golden Fleece. 

Golden Pheasant. 

Goldfinch. 

Henrietta. 

James Boon. 

Jeanette. 

L'Ami Condorchet. 

Little Bob. 

Mignon. 

Northumberland. 

Norwood. 

Paragon. 

Rhoda. 

Ruby Queen. 

Rufus. 

Savannah. 

Snowdrop. 

Tennyson. 



Chrysanthemum. Hardy, 440, 448; 

illus. 442. 
Nippon, 419. 
Red, 264, 359, 448. 
Single Hardy, 440, 443; illus. 442. 
var. Boston. 
' Constance. 
' Miss Rhoe. 
' Northumberland. 
' Sir Walter Raleigh. 
Chrysanthemum carinatum, 490. 
Chrysanthemum coccineum, 264, 359, 

Chrysanthemum inodorum var. flore- 

pleno, 183, 289, 382. 
Chrysanthemum maximum, 172, 281, 

448, 489. 
var. filiformis. 

" Triumph." 

Chrysanthemum Nipponicum, 41. 
Chrysanthemum "Shasta Daisy," 173, 

281, 376. 
Chrysanthemum Tchihatchewii, 173, 

281. 
Chrysanthemum uliginosum, 376, 419, 

448. 

Chrysocoma Linosyris, 389. 
Chrysogonum Virginianum, 196, 296. 
Chrysopsis alba, 277, 375. 
Chrysopsis villosa, 385. 

var. Rutteri. 

Chryspsplenium Americanum, 12, 75. 
Cimicifuga Americana, 379- 
Cimicifuga racemosa, 281, 379, 491; 

illus. 280. 
var. dissecta, 

" foetida var. simplex (C. sim- 
plex). 

Cimicifuga serpentaria, 281, 379. 
Cinquefoil, Calabrian, 105, 207, 306. 
Dark Blood- red Silvery, 221, 325. 
Hybrid. See Hybrid C. 
Large- flowered, 208, 309. 
Nepal, I2S, 231. 
Pyrenean, 105, 208, 309. 
Russell's, 321, 394. 
Shrubby, 207, 309, 390. 
Silvery, 105, 207, 306. 
Silvery-leaved, 207, 306. 
Three- toothed, 89, 187. 
Clarkia elegans, 490. 
Clary, Silvery, 188, 291. 
Claytonia Caroliniana, 39, xai. 
Claytonia Virginica, 39, iai. 
Clematis, Bluish, 480. 

Erect Heracleum-leaved, 439, 448. 
Erect Silky, 296, 385. 
Fremont's, 346, 411. 
Heracleum-leaved, 411, 439. 
Jackman's, 480. 
Mountain, 481. 
White Jackman's, 480. 
Clematis azurea, 480. 
Clematis caerulea, 480. 
Clematis coccinea, 481. 
Clematis erecta, 173, 281. 
Clematis Fre"monti, 346, 411. 
Clematis heracleaefolia, 411, 439. 

var. Davidiana (C. tubulosa var. 

Davidiana). 
Clematis heracleaefolia var. stans, 439, 

448. 

Clematis integrifolia, 253, 347. 
Clematis Jackmani, 480. 
var. Gypsy Queen. 
' magnifica (C. magnified). 
' Star of India. 

Clematis Jackmani var. alba, 480. 
Clematis lanuginosa, 480. 

var. Candida (C. Candida}. 

" excelsior (C. excelsior). 
Clematis luniginosa var. "Otto Froe- 

bel," 480. 

Clematis montana, 481. 
Clematis ochroleuca, 296, 385. 
Clematis paniculata, 481; illus. 477. 

499 



Clematis patens, 480. 
Clematis recta, 173, 281, 448, 490. 
var. lathyrifolia. 

' umbellata. 
Clematis sericea, 296, 385. 
Clematis stans, 439. 
Clematis tubulosa, 411, 439. 
Clematis verticillaris, 481. 
Clematis Viorna var. coccinea, 481. 
Clematis Vitalba, 481. 
Cleome pungens, 490. 
Clintonia, Yellow, 99, 196. 
Clintonia borealis, 99, 196. 
Clover, Bush. See Bush C. 

Holy, 230, 332. 

Hungarian, 193, 293. 

Violet Prairie, 245, 343. 409, 437- 
Cock s- foot, Variegated, 473. 
Cohosh, 71, 167. 

Blue, 27, 91. 

Colchicum autumnale, 407, 436, 448. 
Colchicum Parkinsoni, 414, 440. 
Colchicum speciosum, 436, 448. 
Colchicum variegatum, 432. 
Colewort, Heart-leaved, 173, 281. 
Colic-root, 408, 437. 
Collinsia bicolor, 490. 
Coltsfoot, 283. 

Variegated, 35. 
Columbine, Alpine, 142, 250. 

Altaian, 145, 250, 446. 

Californian, 36, 114, 212. 

Double-flowered European, 156, 
264. 

Dwarf White-flowered, 168. 

European, 127, 234. 

Fan-shaped, 264. 

Feathered, 93, 193, 293. 

Golden-spurred, 96, 195, 294, 384, 
446. 

Hybrid Californian, 114, 212, 446. 

Large Scarlet Californian, 36, 212. 

Long-spurred, 145, 250, 446; illus. 
251. 

Mexican, 114, 212. 

Munstead's White, II, 72. 

Sharp- sepaled, 127, 234. 

Stuart's, 145, 250. 

White, 72, 168. 

Wild, 36, 114, 212. 

Yellow Canadian, 24, 96, 195, 294. 
Comfrey, Common, 93, 193, 293. 

Prickly, 154, 262, 353. 

Variegated Common, 476. 
Compass Plant, 313, 392, 455- 
Conandron rampndioides, 173, 281. 
Coneflower, California, 390. 

Gray-headed, 200, 304, 388. 

Green-headed, 309, 390. 

Large, 390. 

Large-flowering, 390. 

Orange, 394, 428. 

Pale Purple, 330, 398. 

Purple, 330, 398, 450. 

Serotin's Purple, 322, 395. 

Showy, 309, 390. 

Sweet, 391, 455- 

Tall, 309, 39o. 

Thin-leaved, 309, 391, 455. 

Yellow, 390. 

Conoclinium ccelestinum, 439. 
Convallaria majalis, 75, 173, 449, 489, 

49U illus. 74. 
Convolvulus tricolor, 490. 
Coral Bells, 213-214, 323, 395, 428, 
451; illus. 433. 

White, 179, 285, 380, 419. 
Coral Lily, Siberian, 214, 323, 453. 
Coreopsis auriculata, 296, 385, 422. 
Coreopsis delphinifolia, 296, 385, 421. 
Coreopsis Drumpndii, 490. 
Coreopsis grandiflora, 196, 296, 385, 

449; illus. 297. 
Coreopsis lanceolata, 196, 296, 385, 

449, 491; illus. 298. 
Coreopsis palmata, 196, 296. 



INDEX 



Coreopsis preecox, 196, 296. 
Coreopsis pubescens, 296, 385, 422. 
Coreopsis rosea, 223, 329, 398. 
Coreopsis tenuifolia, 206, 385. 



Coreopsis tent . . , , _ . 
Coreopsis tripteris, 385, 422. 
Coreopsis verticillata, 296, 385. 
Corn, Squirrel, 12, 76. 
Cornel, Dwarf, 75, 173. 
Cornus Canadensis, 75, 173; 
175- 



illus. 



Coronarta tomentosa, 268, 370. 
Coronilla varia, 223, 329, 398, 491; 

illus. 328. 

Cortusa Matthioli, 44, 131. 
Corydalis bulbosa, 121. 
Corydalis nobilis, 99, 196. 
Corydalis solida, 121. 
Cosmos bipinnatus and vars., 490. 
Cotton, Lavender, 475. 
Coventry Bells, 339, 404. 

White, 172. 

Cowslip, American, 122, 131, 227, 239. 
Blue, 153. 

English, 35, 105, 455; illus. 34. 
Virginian, 52, 150. 
Crambe cordifolia, 173, 281. 
Cranesbill, 240. 

Armenian, 228, 331. 
Blood-red, 115, 213, 322, 451. 
Dusky-flowered, 254, 351. 
Endress's, 122, 228. 
Hill-loving, 241, 340. 
Iberian, 254, 35i,l4ia. 
Lancaster, 228, 331. 
Meadow, 257, 351, 412. 
Spotted, 132, 241; illus. 133. 
Wallich's, 241, 340, 407. 
White Blood, 77, 178, 284. 
Wild, 132, 241. 
Creeping Forget-me-not, 55, 153. 

White, 19, 85. 
Creeping Jenny, 203, 305. 
Cress, Rock. See Rock C. 
Crimson Bells, 213-214, 323, 395, 428, 

451; illus. 433. 
Crocus, 8, 12, 27, 44, 55, 5$, 449, 49i; 

illus. 6. 
var. Albion. 

Caroline Chisholm. 
Cloth of Silver. 
Golden Yellow. 
King of the Blues. 
La Majestueuse. 
Mammoth White. 
Mont Blanc. 
1 Purpurea grandiflora. 
1 Sir Walter Scott. 
Cloth of Gold, 4, 27, 449. 
Cloth of Silver, 8, 55. 
Handsome Autumn, 436. 
Saffron, 436. 
Scotch, 8, 55, 449. 
Spring, 8, 56, 449- 
Crocus binorus, 8, 55, 449. 
Crocus sativus, 436. 
Crocus speciosus, 436. 
Crocus Susianus, 4, 27, 449. 
Crocus vernus, 8, 56, 449. 
Cromwell, Gentian-blue, 150, 258. 
Crowberry, 131. 
Crosswort, 224, 329, 398. 
Crowfoot, White, 89, 187. 
Crownbeard, 204, 384. 
Crown Imperial, 56, 156, 450; illus. 

Crown- Vetch, 223, 329, 398. 
Crucianella, Foetid, 224, 329, 398. 
Crucianella stylosa, 224, 329, 398. 
Cruel Plant, 281. 
Cuckoo Flower, 229, 331. 
Double, 122, 223, 229. 
Culver's Root, 384, 421. 
Cunila Mariana, 407, 437. 
Cupidone, Blue, 239, 339- 407. 
Cup Plant, 313, 392. 
Cutberdill Sedocke, 354, 415. 



Cynanchum acuminatifolium, 281. 
Cypripedium acaule, 121, 224. 
Cypripedium arietinum, 131, 239, 339. 
Cypripedium candidum, 76, 173. 
Cypripedium hirsutum, 99, 196. 
Cypripedium montanum, 76, 173. 
Cypripedium parviflorum, 99, 196. 
Cypripedium pubescens, 99, 196, 449; 

illus. 97, 98. 

Cypripedium regince, 174. 
Cypripedium spectabile, 174, 449. 
Cysopteris bulbifera, 487. 

Dactylis glomerata var.variegata, 473. 
Daffodil, Algerian White Hoop- petti- 
coat, 19, 82. 

Common, 31-32, 102, 453; illus. 33. 
Hoop-petticoat, 28, 102. 
Star, 28, 31, 102, 453. 
Trumpet, 31-32, 102, 453; illus. 33. 
White Spanish Trumpet, 82. 
Dahlia varieties, 359-360, 363-365, 
379, 385, 395, 398, 407, 414, 
415, 419, 422, 428, 432, 437, 
440, 445, 449. 
Dahlia, Cactus, 359-360, 379; illus. 

361 

var. Ajax. 
Alpha. 
Artus. 
Aunt Chloe. 
Austin Cannel. 
Britannia. 
Clara G. Stredwick. 
Columbia. 

Countess of Lonsdale. 
Emperor. 
Eva. 

Exquisite. 
Fire Brand. 
Florence. 
Galliard. 

H. F. Robertson. 
Island Queen. 
J. H. Jackson. 
Keynes' White. 
' King of Siam. 
" Kriemhilde. 
4 Lady Ed. Talbot. 
1 Lord Roberts. 
' Mary Service. 
" Matchless. 
' Miss Webster. 
' Monarch. 
" Mr. Moore. 
" Mrs. A. Pearl. 
' Mrs. De Lucca. 
" Mrs. Freeman Thomas. 
" Mrs. H. J. Allcroft. 
' Night. 

" Queen Wilhelmina. 
' Uncle Tom. 
" Viscountess Sherbrook. 
Collerette, 360, 

var. Joseph Goujon. 
" President Viger. 
Common, 31, 102, 365, 415. 
Decorative, 360, 363; illus. 362. 
var. Admiral Dewey. 
4 Black Beauty. 
' Bronze Beauty. 
' Lemon Giant. 
' Lyndhurst. 
' Mephisto. 
" Nymphaea. 
" Perle. 
" Sundew". 
' Wm. Agnew. 
" Wilhelm Miller. 
" Zulu. 
Fancy, 363. 

var. Admiral Schley. 
' Buffalo Bill. 
' Eloise. 
' Frank Smith. 
14 Judah. 

5 00 



uia 
Joh 

b 



Dahlia, Fancy (cont'd) 
var. Lottie Eckford. 
' Lucy Fawcett. 
" Olympia. 
' Penelope. 
" Striped Banner. 
Pompon, 363-364. 
var. Catherine. 
" Elegante. 
4 Le Petit Jean. 
1 Little Beauty. 
' Little Naiad. 
1 Little Prince. 
Lou Kramer. 
' Snowclad. 
" Sunshine. 
Quilled, 364; illus. 36?. 
var. A. D. Livoni. 

1 Grand Duke Alexis. 

Kaiser Wilhelm. 
' Queen Victoria. 
1 Ruth. 

Scarlet, 365, 415. 
Show, 364. 
var. Arabella. 

Black Diamond, 
ohn Bennett, 
ohn Walker. 

Phare. 
' Miss May Loomis. 
1 Mrs. Dexter. 
1 Pink Dandy. 
' Queen of the Belgians. 
' Queen of Yellows. 
1 Red Hussar. 
" Thos. White. 
Single, 364-365. 
var. Anemone. 
1 Annie Hughes. 

Black Bird. 
' Danish Cross. 
' Gaillardia. 
* Gold Standard. 
' Juno. 

Lustre. 
' Record. 

Von Merck's, 365, 415. 
Dahlia coccinea, 365, 415. 
Dahlia glabrata, 365, 415. 
Dahlia Merckii, 365, 415. 
Dahlia rosea, 365, 415. 
Dahlia variabilis, 365, 415. 
Daisy, Double Orange, 317, 393. 
Easter (of Colorado), 20, 93. 
English, 39, 223. 
Globe. See Globe D. 
Giant, 376, 419. 
Mountain. See Mountain D. 
Shasta, 173, 281, 376. 
Turfing, 173, 281. 
Dalibarda frazarioides , 113, 210. 
Dane's Blood, 237, 338. 
Dane-weed, 348, 412, 439. 
Daphne Cneorum, 39-40, 121, 449! 

illus. 1 20. 
var. ma jus. 

Day Lily, Brown, 318, 393. 
Dumortier's, 210, 317, 451. 
Fortune's, 340. 

Lance-leaved, 340, 407, 437, 450. 
Lesser Yellow, 303, 388. 
Middendorf's Yellow, 199, 303, 451, 
Orange, 31 7, 393- 
Oval-leaved, 240, 340. 
Siebold's, 240, 340. 
Subcordate, 283, 380. 
Thunberg's Yellow, 199, 303, 451. 
Deer Grass, 470, 

Delphinium alpinum, 253, 347, 411. 
Delphinium azureum, 347- 
Delphinium Brunonianum, 253, 347. 
Delphinium cardinale, 322, 395. 
Delphinium Carolinianum, 347. 
Delphinium Carolinianum var. o/M. 

dum, 282. 
Delphinium Cashmerianum, 239, 339. 



INDEX 



Delphinium Caucasicum, 253, 347. 
Delphinium consolida and vars., 490. 
Delphinium elatum, 253, 347, 4ii> 

449, 490. 

Delphinium exaltatum, 489. 
Delphinium formosum, 253, 254, 347, 

449, 489, 49; M US - 252. 
var. ccelestium. 
Delphinium grandiflorum, 347. 4", 

449, 489. 

var. flore-pleno (var. hybridum 

flore- plena). 
Delphinium grandiflorum var. album, 

282, 379, 449- 
Delphinium grandiflorum var. Chi- 

nense, 267, 365, 449. 
Delphinium hybridum, 254, 347, 449, 

490; illus. 255. 
var. Barlowi. 
Delphinium hybridum var. sulphur eum, 

196, 299. 

Delphinium Maackianum, 347. 
Delphinium nudicaule, 114, 212. 
Delphinium pyramidale, 253, 347, 411. 
Delphinium Sinense, 347 4ii. 
Delphinium sulphureum, 196, 299. 
Delphinium trollifolium, 55. 
Delphinium virescens, 347. 
Delphinium Zalil, 196, 299. 
Dennstadtia punctilobula, 487. 
Dentaria diphylla, 12, 76. 
Desmodium Japonicum, 420. 
Desmodium penduliftorum, 408, 437. 
Dianthus alpinus, 224, 329. 
Dianthus arenarius, 174, 282. 
Dianthus atrorubens, 212, 322. 
Dianthus barbatus, 2671 365, 449; 

illus. 266. 

Dianthus bicolor, 174. 
Dianthus csesius, 121, 224, 330. 
Dianthus Carthusianorum, 212, 322. 
Dianthus Chinensis, 490. 
Dianthus cinnabarinus, 330, 398, 449. 
Dianthus cruentus, 213, 322, 449. 
Dianthus deltoides, 121, 224, 449, 489, 

490, 491; illus. 1 20. 
Dianthus glacialis, 224. 
Dianthus la^lius, 224, 330, 398, 449. 
Dianthus "Miss Simkins," 76, 174, 

449- 

Dianthus neglectus, 224. 
Dianthus pallidiflorus, 224. 
Dianthus petraeus, 224, 330. 
Dianthus plumarius, 122, 224, 449, 

489. 
Dianthus plumarius vars., 227, 449; 

illus. 225. 
var. Essex Witch. 

' New Mound. 

' roseus flore-pleno. 
Dianthus plumarius var. alba plena, 

174, 449. 

Dianthus plumarius var. "White 
* ] Witch," 174, 449- 
Dianthus Seguierii, 227, 330, 450. 
Dianthus squarrosus, 174, 282. 
Dianthus superbus, 339, 407. 
Dianthus sylvestris, 213. 
Dianthus mrgineus, 213. 
Diapensia, 282. 
Diapensia barbulata, 20, 89. 
Diapensia lapponica, 282. 
Dicentra Canadensis, 12, 76. 
Dicentra cucullaria, 12; illus. 14. 
Dicentra eximia, 227, 330, 450. 
Dicentra formosa, 122, 227. 
Dicentra spectabilis, 40, 122, 227, 330, 

450, 490; illus. 123. 
Dicentra spectabilis var. alba, 76, 174. 
Dicksonia, Hairy, 487. 

Dicksonia pilosiuscula, 487. 
Dicksonia punctiloba, 487. 
Dictamnus albus, 174, 282, 450. 
Dictamnus albus var. rubra, 227, 330, 

450. 
Dictamnus Fraxinella, 174, 282. 



Dictamnus Fraxinella var. rubra, 227, 
330. 

Dielytra Canadensis, 12, 76. 

Dielytra cucullaria, 12, 76. 

Dielytra eximia, 227, 330. 

Dielytra spectabilis, 40, 122, 227, 330. 

Dielytra spectabilis var. alba, 76, 174. 

Digitalis ambigua, 197, 299. 

Digitalis aurea, 299. 

Digitalis ferruginea, 299. 

Digitalis grandiftora, 197, 299. 

Digitalis lanata, 197, 299. 

Digitalis ochroleuca, 197, 299. 

Digitalis purpurea, 267, 365, 450; il- 
lus. 176. 
var. alba. 

' gloxiniaeflora (D. gloxinoides, 
D. gloxiniae-nora) . 

Digitalis purpurea var. alba, 174, 282, 
450. 

Digitalis tomentosa, 267, 365. 

Digitalis tomentosa var. alba, 174, 282. 

Diphylleia cymosa, 76. 

Diplopappus linariifolius , 337, 403, 

Dipsacus Fullonum, 177, 282, 491. 
Dittany, 174, 282. 

Maryland, 407, 437. 
Dock, Prairie, 184, 290, 382, 392. 
Dodecatheon Jeffreyi, 122, 227. 
Dodecatheon Meadia, 131, 239; illus. 

130. 

Doellingeria umbellata, 375, 416. 
Dogtooth Violet, Common, 27, 101. 

Common (of Europe), 44, 132, 450; 
illus. 55. 

Large- flowered, 27, 101, 450. 

Lemon-colored, 27, 101. 

White, 15, 77, 45O. 
Dog Violet, 68, 164. 

White, 23, 95. 

Doronicum Austriacum, 99, 197. 
Doronicum Caucasicum, 99, 197. 
Doronicum Clusii, 100, 197. 
Doronicum excelsum "Harpur Crewe," 

ioo, t 197. 

Doronicum' Pardalianches, 100, 197. 
Doronicum plantagineum, 100, 197. 
Doronicum plantagineum var. excel- 
sum, 100, 197. 

Douglasia Vitaliana, 100, 197. 
Draba aizoides, 100, 197. 
Draba Aizpon, 27, 100. 
Draba alpina, 27, 100. 
Draba brunicefolia, 197. 
Draba Olympica, 197. 
Dracocephalum Altaiense, 254, 347. 
Dracocephalum grandiflorum, 254, 

Dracocephalum nutans, 146, 254. 

var. alpina. 

Dracocephalum Ruyschiana, 347. 
Dragonhead, False, 333. 

White False, 290, 382. 
Dragon's-head, Large- flowered, 254, 
347. 

Nodding, 146, 254. 

Ruysch's, 347. 

Dragon Tulip, 164, 273, 456;[illus. 165. 
Dropwort, 190, 292. 
Dry as octopetala, 76, 177. 
Dryopteris acrostichotdes , 486. 
Dryopteris Filix-mas, 486. 
Dryopteris Goldieana, 486. 
Dryopteris marginalis, 486. 
Dryopteris spinulosa, 486. 
Dusty Miller, 268, 370. 

Deep Crimson, 217, 324. 

White, 180, 289. 
Dutchman's Breeches, 12, 76. 
Dutchman's Pipe, 479. 
Dwarf Flag, 133. 

Azure, 149. 

White-flowered, 78. 
Dwarf Iris, Crested, 135, 241, 451. 

Slender, 47, 136. 

501 



Easter Bell, 93, 190. 
Echinacea angustifplia, 330, 398. 
Echinacea intermedia, 322, 395. 
Echinacea purpurea, 330, 398, 450. 
Echinacea purpurea var. serotina, 322, 

395. 
Echinocactus Simpsoni, 227, 330, 

398. 

Echinops exaltatus, 347, 412, 491. 
Echinops Ritro, 348, 412, 450, 491; 

illus. 349. 

var. tenuifolius (E. Ruthmecus). 
Echinops sphaerocephalus, 348, 412. . 
Edelweiss, 200, 304. 
Elecampane, 304, 388. 
Large- flowering, 199. 
Sword-leaved, 303, 388. 
Elymus arenarius, 474, 491. 
Empetrum nigrum, 131. 
Eomecon chionantha, 282, 379. 
Epigaea repens, 40, 122. 
Epilobium angustifolium, 228, 330, 

398, 491. 
Epilobium angustifolium var. album, 

177, 282, 379. 
Epilobium sptcatum var. album, 177, 

282, 379. 
Epimedium alpinum, 114, 213, 489, 

490. 

Epimedium alpinum var. rubrum, 115. 
Epimedium Colchicum, 100. 
Epimedium hexandra, 94, 193. 
Epimedium macranthum, 56, 155. 
Epimedium macranthum var. niveum, 

12, 76. 

Epimedium Musschianum, 77. 
Epimedium niveum, 12, 76. 
Epimedium pinnatum, 100. 
Epimedium pinnatum var. Colchicum, 

ipo. 

Epimedium rubrum, 115. 
Epipactis gigantea, 177, 283. 
Epipactis Royleana, 177, 283. 
Equisetum hyemale, 466. 
Eranthis hyemalis, 4, 27, 450; illus. 5. 
Eremurus Bungei, 197, 299. 
Eremurus Himalaicus, 177, 283. 
Eremurus robustus, 228, 331; illus. 

226. 

Erianthus Ravennae, 474. 
Erica carnea, 56, 156. 
Erica vulgaris, 329, 398. 
Erigeron, Rough, 131, 239. 

Very Rough, 239, 339. 
Erigeron acris, 131, 239. 
Erigeron armeriaefolius, 131, 239. 
Erigeron aurantiacus, 317, 393. 
Erigeron bellidifolius, 131, 239; illus. 

Erigeron Canadensis, 177, 283, 379. 
Erigeron Coulteri. 77, 177, 489. 
Erigeron flagellaris, 77, 177. 
Erigeron glabellus, 131, 239, 489. 
Erigeroo glabellus var. asper, 239, 339. 
Erigeroii glaucus, 131, 239. 
Erigeron pulchellus, 131, 239. 
Erigeron salsuginosus, 177. 
Erigeron speciosus, 240, 339, 450. 

var. superbus. 
Erinus, Wall, 132, 240. 
Erinus alpinus, 132, 240. 
Eriophyllum caespitosum, 198, 299. 
Erodium glandulosum, 240, 339, 407. 
Erodium macradenium, 240, 339, 407. 
Erodium Manescavi,