Skip to main content

Full text of "Gardner history and genealogy"

See other formats

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/ 





C. V • ' ;• 4- 


^t^^y'^^VcC L> 


(■ <f 







The Elk Priattiil Co. <MHS^ i314-16 Patch Street. 


Copyright, 1907. 


.Cba8. M. .Gardner. 





In the following history and genealogy we have not depended upon 
tradition, but have carefully gathered all written records, comparing and 
selecting what proved to be authentic. The early Rhode Island records 
were copied. We present the early deeds, wills, and written records of 
births and deaths ; we present the family records, which have been pre- 
served as written and handed down from generation to generation. 

We wish to acknowledge our indebtedness to those who rendered 
assistance in collecting this information from the many families who are 
scattered over the entire country — the records loaned by Mrs. Bates, of 
Rhode Island; Thomas Peirce, Stephen Reynolds, of Wickford; Alonzo 
J. Gardiner, of Allenton, R. I. ; Rev. A. Gardner, West Willington, Conn. ; 
Mrs. Lucy Gardner Moflfitt, Stephentown, N. Y. ; Rev. William Gardner, 
Washington, D. C. ; Burton J. Gardner, Broadhead, Wis. ; Floyd Carter, 
Uniopolis, Ohio; Mrs. Eva L. Bundy, Manchester, Ohio; Charles H. 
Gardner, Cleveland, Ohio, and others, besides the kindness and courtesies 
of the many librarians. 


Why I Wrote the History of the Gardner 

Family and Some Experiences 

in Travels. 

The Gardner family had always been of great interest to the writer, 
being the youngest son of Abraham, Jr., and Harriet (Brentlinger) 
Gardner, bom July 25, 1863, on a farm near Wapakoneta, Auglaize 
county, Ohio. I well remember the aunts as they visited my parents or 
my parents visited them. Father had but one brother, Benjamin, who 
went West before the writer was born. Grandfather Gardner had died 
before I was born. I did not see a Gardner by name other than father 
and the other children of this family. As I grew up I learned that our 
relatives lived in Brown county, Ohio. Father would frequently tell us 
about his father and mother coming to the new home in Allen county, 
now Auglaize county. My parents lived about four miles west of the old 
homestead, and wihen we would visit our aunts we passed within sight 
of the Gardner farm. This would cause us children to make inquiry 
relative to the family. When I was a boy about 12 years old, I remember 
on one Sabbath morning, father having breakfasted very early, he or- 
dered the "gray mare" brought, as he wished to go several miles. On his 
return that evening, he told us what had been read to him from a book, 
which has since proven to be the autobiography of Elder Matthew Gard- 
ner. I remember father stating he desired to borrow the book, then to 
purchase it, but the owner would not permit him to take it in his hands. 
The gentleman referred to was a member of the Christian Church, the 
denomination for which Elder Gardner preached, living on *Two Mile," 
Auglaize county, Ohio. I remember distinctly many of the features 
of the life of Elder Gardner as narrated by my father, the relation he 
sustained to my grandfather and many of the circumstances. When I 
grew to manhood I made a continuous effort to secure the book. When- 
ever I met a preacher of that denomination I made diligent inquiry 
about the book. The last preacher of that denomination I met was 
while I was teaching school in Hardin county, Ohio. I offered to pay 
him $10 if he would secure a copy of the book for me. I did not get it 
at that price. 

Not knowing the names of the relatives, I did not know when I did 
meet them, for I met a great many Gardners in my work. 

While at Marietta, Ohio, about the year 1889, I attended an Annual 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and they were electing 
delegates to the Ecumenical Conference at London, England. Many of 
the members of the Conference were vigorously campaigning for Hon. 
Mills Gardner, of Washington C. H., Ohio. There I learned the 
activity and great interest he took in the work of this demonstration. 


I resolved when in that part of Ohio to call and see him, but it seemed I 
never would get to his city. I was at Cincinnati later, and a gentleman 
said to me: "Gardner, have you not relatives in Brown county? You 
resemble them." I had but limited time and could not visit them. This 
man said he personally knew Matthew, Seth, Charlotte and many of the 
older ones. A few years later I met a physician in Toledo, Ohio, who 
said he personally knew Seth, Hank (Henry) and their children. I 
began to learn their names in this manner. While in Fort Wayne, Ind., 
in the spring of 1905, my cousin, Lewis Fairfield, spent a few hours with 
me, and discussing family relations, said: "While my brother was at 
Washington C. H., Ohio, he called on a Mr. Gardner there, ex-Congress- 
man, and he is of our branch of the family." 

. In July, 1905, our business relation took us to Lima, Ohio, Allen 
county. While there I secured a conveyance and drove to the "old farm" 
one Sabbath afternoon to see the graves of my grandparents. Mr. 
George Connor, who now owns the farm, took me to the ground, and 
we found the fence in great need of repair. The markers at the graves 
were either broken, had fallen or were about to fall. Little attention had 
been given them by the relatives since grandmother had been buried 
in the year 1879. Mr. Connor had carefully kept the ground from grow- 
ing up with weeds and briars. I stated to him we would immediately 
place a fence of the best material he could purchase, and we proceeded 
to reset the markers by building a concrete base under all, and in a few 
days the little cemetery was made as new, and protected the graves of 
those buried. 

Mr. Connor said : ''Charley, if I was you I would invite the relatives 
in to see the new work which has been done and assist to pay for the 
repairs." With that suggestion there was announced a family reunion 
to be held August 29, 1905, on the old homestead. The county papers 
announced it and a gathering of the friends resulted. The following 
publication appeared in each of the Wapakoneta papers announcing the 
gathering : 


"We have been requested to announce that a reunion of the Gardner 
family will be held on the old Gardner farm, now known as the George 
Connor farm, in this township, on the 29th day of August, and that all 
relatives are urged to attend." 


Abraham Gardner, Sr., the first settler in this county by that name, 
was born and reared in Brown county, this State, his grandfather having 
emigrated from Rhode Island to New York in 1765, his father then com- 
ing to Ohio. He had eight brothers and four sisters. The many families 
who are descendants of this family are mostly residents of Southern 
Ohio. A distinguished member of the family is the Hon. Mills Gardner 
of Washington C. H., Ohio. Another who achieved distinction was 
Matthew Gardner, a brother of Abraham Gardner, Sr. Matthew was 
the "John Wesley" of the Christian Church, having participated in the 
theological discussions in the early history of that denomination, and he 
preached to one congregation for 52 successive years. 


Abraham Gardner, Sr., bought i6o acres of land in this county (then 
Allen county) from the Government about the year 1835, and was there- 
fore one of our earliest pioneers. A part of this tract is now embraced 
in what is known as the George Connor farm, four miles northeast of 
Wapakoneta. He had ten children, eight daughters and two sons. The 
two sons were Abraham and Benjamin. Benjamin Gardner located in 
the State of Kansas away back in the sixties. He died September, 1904, 
survived by a large family. Abraham Gardner, Jr., who will be remem- 
bered by many of our readers, lived here till 1879, when he, too, struck 
out for the West, locating finally in California, where he accumulated 
a competence and where he died on the 21st of January, 1905. Abraham 
Gardner, Jr.'s family consisted of his wife and four children, three sons 
and one daughter. 

The daughter is now living at Duluth, Minn. The eldest son, 
Horace W. Gardner, is the electrician of the Santa Fe Railway system. 

The youngest son, Charles M. Gardner, is engaged in business at 
Toledo, C>hio. The surviving daughters are Lucy, wife of Samuel Car- 
ter of Uniopolis ; Sarah, widow of David Butler, late of UniopoUs ; Caro- 
line, wife of George Harshbarger of Moulton township; Clarissa, wife 
of George Fairfield, formerly of this county, but for the past 20 years a 
resident of Paulding, Paulding county, Ohio. One of the deceased 
daughters married William Brentlinger, whose sons and daughter are 
well-known residents of this county. On the old homestead is a ceme- 
tery, in which are buried the remains of Abraham Gardner, Sr., and 
other members of the Gardner family, and that has been kept in good 
repair by Mr. George Connor, the present owner of the Gardner farm, 
and a life-long friend of the family. 

Mr. Connor extends an earnest invitation to all friends and relatives 
of the family to attend the reunion on the 29th inst. 


The first reunion of the Gardner family was held on the 29th of 
August on the old Gardner farm, now owned by Mr. George Connor. 
The writer visited the old homestead a few weeks since, when Mr. Con- 
nor extended an invitation to the relatives and friends of Abraham Gard- 
ner, Sr., to visit the old homestead. An informal gathering was the result, 
which was composed of many relatives and friends of the old pioneer. 
The surviving members of the family of Abraham Gardner, Sr., composed 
of four sisters, were all present. It was indeed a pleasure to see these 
sisters meet again and recount the experiences of the many years past. 
It was true with the expression of the poet: 

"Backward, turn backward, oh! time in thy flight. 
Make me a child again, just for tonight." 

The old spring was visited ; the old loghouse, erected by the hands 
of their father, a part of which still stands ; a visit to the room in which 
the father died, and, last, a visit to the little graveyard, where rest the 
remains pf the father and mother and the first wife of Abraham Gardner, 
Jr., and their infant daughter and two children of Benjamin Gardner. 

This little ground had just undergone a remarkable change in im- 
provement at the hands of Mr. Connor, and the cherished desire of a 


quiet resting-place upon his own farm was carried out by these children 
in deference to the expressed wish of the old pioneer. Eccentric as Mr. 
Gardner may have been, exacting in his demands, although 50 years have 
passed, it is an inspiration to any person to visit this old farm and see 
the marked results of the exacting life-work of this man. Represented 
by the children of the deceased members of this immediate family was 
the William Brentlinger children, Abram Brentlinger and family, 
Charles Brentlinger, Sarah Shaw, wife of John Shaw ; Levi Brentlinger 
and family. The mother of the Brentlinger children was Miranda Gard- 
ner. Charles M. Gardner of Toledo, son of Abraham Gardner, Jr., was 
the only one present bearing the family name. 

The serving of the dinner was a very happy occasion. At the head 
of the table was seated Grandma Weaver, the oldest person present, 
being well advanced in 90 years, and who lacks only about 10 years of 
being as old as Mr. Gardner, Sr., were he living at this time. Mrs. 
Weaver has Uved upon this farm longer than was the privilege of its 
first owner. 

Following down the table was arranged the oldest of the Gardner 
family, and seated next was Mr. and Mrs. Connor. In the afternoon 
George Fairfield, in a very interesting address, recounted the experiences 
and the pleasures of the early pioneer life and the pleasant visits to this 
farm. The historical features were discussed by Charles M. Gardner. 
It was concluded to hold another reunion of the friends and relatives on 
the same day of the month in 1906. 

The writer desires to say, in behalf of the relatives, that no more 
cordial, hospitable treatment and kindness could be demonstrated than 
by Mr. Connor, his good wife and children. On our arriving at the farm 
in the morning, Mr. Connor said: "The farm is yours today; do just 
as you wish." 

While attending this reunion I decided to begin the research and 
write a history of the Gardner family. As explanation for recording the 
articles published in the Wapakoneta papers and the letters that will 
follow is to show how little information any of the branches of the 
family possessed, until we had secured from all and verified with records 
possessed by the various branches of the family. 

On going to my hotel the next day following the reunion, I wrote 
the Hon. Mills Gardner a letter stating my relation to the family and 
purpose to secure data and write the history of the family. As is char- 
acteristic of Mr. Gardner, we received the very excellent letter, which 
we will give the reader : 

Washington C. H., Ohio, September 4, 1905. 
Mr. C. M. Gardner, Toledo, Ohio: 

My Dear Sir — I was very glad to receive your favor of August 31 
and to hear from relatives whom I have never seen. I, like you, know- 
comparatively little about our family. I personally knew but few of 
them. My grandfather was Benjamin Gardner. He died in Btown 
county, near Russelville, in 1840, in his eightieth year. His son, Seth 
Gardner, was my father. I knew well Uncle Matthew the preacher. I 
saw when a boy another son called Henry, generally called Hank. I 
knew a daughter Charlotte and visited her many years ago. I under- 
stand grandfather had 10 children, but never knew but few of their 
names. I have heard of the name of Abraham, your grandfather, and a 

son, Benjamin. I think there was a son, William, that lived in Clermont 
county, but of this I am not sure. There is a William who lives near 
Williamsburg in Clermont county who is of the same family, but I have 
not met him and don't know how near related. My grandfather, Ben- 
jamin Gardner, as I said, died in 1840, and is buried on his old home- 
stead in Brown county, near Russelville. My father, who died in 1873, 
is buried in the same ground. Uncle Matthew died also in 1873 in 
Brown county, and is buried in Union Church Cemetery, near Higgins- 
port, Brown county, Ohio. Aunt Charlotte died near Sardina, Brown 
county, Ohio, but I do not know whether she is buried there or in the 
same cemetery as grandfather. Grandfather was born in Rhode Island, 
moved when quite young to New York and came to Ohio as early as the 
year iScxd and settled in Brown county, I think, on the farm on which 
he died. I was raised from two years' old in Highland county. The 
family have no records. Uncle Matthew wrote his life, but, unfortu- 
nately, he did not give much of the family history. He did not name 
more than two or three of the children, and those only incidentally. He 
gives the birthplace and residence and death of his father and mother; 
states grandfather was in the Revolutionary Army and was discharged 
at the close of the war; some of the incidents of his struggles to clear 
up a farm from a wilderness, and devotes all the balance of the book 
to his individual life as a preacher, and gives but very little family his- 
tory. I have two brothers — George B. Gardner, who resides at Hills- 
boro, Ohio, and Thomas F. Gardner, who resides here. Uncle Matthew 
had a large family of boys and girls, several of whom are dead. He 
has one son, John W., who lives in Ripley, Ohio. I have met him once 
or twice, and the only living one that I know. 

I have a copy of Uncle Matthew's life. I think I can procure an- 
other and will send it to you. If I do not get it I will lend you the one 
I have for the purpose you want it. I am sorry I know so little of the 
family history. The early settlers of this country kept but meager fam- 
ily records, and their children did not try to hunt them up, so it makes 
it difficult for this generation to do so. 

I think my brother, George B. Gardner, at Hillsboro, who is two 
years older than I, and is better acquainted with the family history, can 
give you more real information than I can. He was my father's execu- 
tor. Anything I can do to assist you in your efforts I shall be pleased 
to do. Yours very truly, 


This letter was indeed a revelation and gave us material with which 
to operate. I immediately wrote John W. Gardner, referred to, at Rip- 
ley, Ohio. I am sorry I have not at command his reply. This gave us 
so much record of the family I felt I possessed a new world. I then 
proceeded to get data of all the relatives in Auglaize county, Ohio, and 
the last week of November, while at Springfield, Ohio, telephoned 
Washington C. H. and arranged for a visit to the home of Mr. Gardner. 

We took an early train on a new road, and after sitting for several 
hours in a cornfield waiting the clearing away of a wreck, we proceeded 
to our destination, reaching there about noon. Miss Gertrude Gardner 
met us, the first Gardner, as a known relative, we had ever seen, save 
my own brothers and sister. Soon Miss Edith and her father came. To 
attempt to describe the cheerful welcome would be impossible. Reader, 


you cannot know till you do likewise. We will never forget ooir visit 
to the home of Hon. Mills Gardner. We visited every moment of time 
till about 8 P. M., and returned to Springfield. The joy and gladness 
the visit brought to me is beyond expression. I said: "Have I been 
spending these 42 years so near to my kinsfolk and not mingling with 
them when there is so much happiness in doing so ?" I secured the book 
written by Matthew Gardner, and I confess 1 did not eat or sleep as 
usual till 1 had learned what I could of the family to which I belong. I 
found therein the name of Orlando Rose casually mentioned, who lived 
at Stephentown, N. Y. I concluded to know more of the record than 
briefly recorded in Matthew Gardner's book. I wrote a letter to the 
postmaster at North Stephentown, N. Y., and made inquiry for the Rose 
family or any relatives of the Gardners. I received the following : 

North Stephentown, N. Y., April 7, 1906. 
C. M. Gardner, Esq.,Detroit, Mich.: 

Dear Sir — In reply to yours of recent date, you may hear some- 
thing of interest to you by writing Mrs. Rinaldo Shaw, South Berlin, 
N. Y.; Mrs. Myra Bull, Stephentown, N. Y.; Mrs. J. J, Moffitt, East 
Nassau, N. Y., R. F. D., daughters of Sylvester Gardner, deceased; Mr. 
Orlando Rose dead 14 years. I will hand your letter to John C. Gard- 
ner, this office, a nephew of Mr. Orlando Rose. 

Yours truly, W. A. GILE, P. M. 

I wrote each one at the above addresses, and in due time received 
the following: 

South Berlin, N. Y., April 12, 1906. 
Mr. Gardner: 

Dear Sir — I received your letter asking me to tell you what I know 
about the record of our farfiily. Matthew Gardner was an own cousin 
of my father and second cousin to Orlando Rose's wife.^ Her father and 
my father were brothers. His name was Caleb. They were sons of 
Caleb Gardner. My grandfather had seven sons and one daughter. 
Matthew Gardner left Stephentown in 1800. He was only 10 years old. 
I have heard of it a number of times. When he visited Stephentown he 
always came to see us. His father and my grandfather, Caleb Gardner, 
were brothers. Our family connections are very few in this country. 

Hastily yours, 


Garfield, N, Y., April 12, 1906. 

Mr. Gardner — ^Just received your letter of inquiry and will answer 
as well as I know. I used to have many fine visits with cousin Matthew 
Gardner, but never knew any of the relations that lived West but him. 

My grandfather's name was Caleb Gardner, brother to Matthew 
Gardner. My father's name was Sylvester, born in 1801, seventh child 
of Caleb Gardner, and his father's name was Benjamin. He, Benjamin 
and his wife are buried on the farm Rufus Sweet owns, just north of his 
house. My grandfather was a large landowner, and I was born on the 
farm south of where Matthew's father lived when he went to Ohio. My 
father owned the farni he left. There has been large families raised on 
the Gardner farms at Stephentown, but the most are dead and moved 
away, only the cousins, which are few, are left. Mrs. Rose is a second 


cousin to Matthew Gardner. She is a daughter to Caleb, Jr., first cousin 
of mine. 

We were all born on the farm north of the turnpike and Stephen- 
town deix>t. Some live in Berlin, one is living at the depot and I live at 
South Stephentown, but our address is East Nassau, N. Y. I must tell 
you that cousin Matthew traced our genealogy to England, and wrote a 
book and had a great many printed, but I never had one, but have tried 
to get one, but failed. Perhaps you could get one from Matthew's chil- 
dren. That would give you great information, besides getting our Eng- 
lish coat-of-arms. 

They came from England and first settled in Rhode Island, then 
moved to Stephentown, N. Y., and Hancock. There were several fam- 
ilies of them. 

I cannot just tell you the particulars, as it is so long ago, and the 
forefathers are dead. There are some of the cousins living in Michigan 
now, but probably they know nothing about the genealogy. Hope this 
will help you along some. With many kind wishes to one of our kindred* 


East Nassau, N. Y. 

When I read the life of Matthew Gardner I felt the disappointment 
experienced by all readers of his book because of the lack of information 
of the family, which knowledge we know he possessed. When we 
received and read the letter from Mrs. J. J. Moffitt it sent the blood ting- 
ling through our veins. We could scarcely believe that the great man 
he was had searched so diligently for our ancestors' record and history, 
secured the English coat-of-arms and utterly failed to record what he 
knew would be of such great interest to the family. 

In conversation with Judge George B. Gardner of Hillsboro, Ohio, 
when we read him Mrs. Moflitt's letter, he uttered an expression peculiar, 
it is said, to Mr. Gardner, that would express the feeling he had. 

We did not set out to write a criticism of any member of the family, 
but we cannot but note what seems to be gross neglect of duty to the 
family. Mr. Walter L. Shinkle, grandson of Matthew Gardner, stated: 
"Once I thought I would go over to Uncle Wash's when grandfather 
came and ask him about the family record and possess what I knew he 
did know. He turned and demanded: *Why do you want to know?' It 
is of no importance; it will not benefit anyone; it is time lost; better do 
something to improve your time better," Mrs. Moffitt's letter clearly 
indicates a tendency to know for his own personal gratification. We 
resolved if there was an extreme in the records we made, it would be too 
much record. 

After corresponding with all the branches of the family and secur- 
ing all the information possible and where to go to secure information, 
we began our travels. On May 4, 1906, we left Detroit, Mich., via Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, for Brown county. We reached Ripley, Ohio, late in the 
afternoon, and was met by Stacy E. Gardner, son of John W. Gardner. 
We were driven over the hill roads to the home of John W. Gardner, 
some seven miles in the country. It was just twilight when we arrived 
at the farm home. We were met by Mr. and Mrs. Gardner and their 
two daughters, Alice and Hiattie. We were very cordially received. 
While waiting at Ripley for our carriage another son of Mr. Gardner, 
Louis Gardner, came to meet us. He said: "You will find one of the 

best fathers . and a mighty good oW mother, ev«h though I do say it." 
So we did. Mr. John W. Gardner is certainly a type of the family. We 
were very tired, having bden en route the day and night preceding. 

The following morning Stacy El Gardner drove us to the old family 
homestead, and silently we stood at the graves of our departed dead. A. 
little more than lOO years the two, whose dust lies resting beneath the 
cased tombs, had come to that farm, a wilderness, and had reared a large 
family and sacrificed the comforts of an Eastern home, where all advan- 
tages could be had, that the following generations might have greater 
comforts and happiness. We visited the old house, Srtudied its archi- 
tecture. Nearly loo years has passed since Mr. Gardner erected this 
house. The old crane is in as perfect condition as when placed there 
by him, and is in as good state of preservation and could perform its 
duty the same as a hundred years ago. Could these old people have one 
glimpse of their oncie happy fcome and all the modern conveniences I 
The road that led to Ripley and Maysville was mud, and plenty of it. 
The road is now one of the very best constructed of crushed limestone, 
and is only a little more than an hour's ride to what was then their mar- 
ket, and occupied a whole day to go and return. 

For three days we visited these relatives, and when the time came 
to depart we felt we had only begun to visit. On prejparlng to leave our 
carriage was called and we were driven oyer roads through some of the 
most beautiful scenery. If the reader has never experienced the sights 
of the shores of the Ohio he knows not the pleasure of a l6-mile drive 
from our starting point to Aberdeen along the shores of the Ohio. 

We bade our good friends adieu and were away, to be entertained 
by his son, Charles W. Gardner, and his good wife at Aberdeen. We 
arrived at noon after a few hours of brisk driving over the hills on an 
early May day. We had a very pleasant stay here. 

Mr. Gardner has been very successful in business and has a beautiful 
home in Aberdeen. We cannot but record here that Aberdeen has be- 
come of world-wide renown. 

There lived an old "squire," who had great interest in the successful 
termination of the affairs of Cupid. Kentucky had its thousands of 
young, and even older, who desired a hasty termination of single-blessed- 
ness, and the boat with its oarsman was always ready when the sound 
of the hoofs of the rapid-advancing horse could be heard. A race for the 
river; then a race for Massa Beasley's. Once at Massa Beasley's it was 
a race to tie the nuptial knot before the opposing parents arrived. It is 
said that Mr. Beasley never failed to have the "words" said when the 
parents entered. Kentucky had to pass special legislation to legalize 
these marriages. Our hostess lives in this same house. We en- 
joyed the novelty of being in the house where 4427 marriage ceremonies 
were performed by this venrable old man. 

The following day we crossed the river to Maysville, once known 
as Limestone Landing. One huiadred and six years before our great- 
grandparents landed here. We stood where they stood; we crossed the 
river where they crossed. 

We took our departure and floated down on the waters of the Ohio 
to the same landing where they disembarked, when they took all their 
earthly possessions and a family of 10 children to their wilderness home. 

What a contrast! What an age in which we live! Will the next 
100 years produce such wonderful changes? We proceeded to Higgins- 


port and went to the home of William Gardneh We had a very pleasant 
time, and, like the other places, left before we had finished our visit. 
Mr. Gardner is a leader in his community and an agreeable entertainer, 
as well as his good wife and children. 

The carriage of John D. Gardner came for us and we arrived at 
noon at this generous home. Mr. Gardner and family are of the younger 
families that we had visited. The same as all the other places, we had 
a royal welcome and entertainment. We remained here for four days, 
visiting several other places, returning at night. 

The following day we spent with Walter L. Shinkle's family. We 
secured a great amount of record here, and as he lives near Union 
Church, we went to the cemetery and secured data from the markers of 
the deceased members of the family buried there. The data secured 
enabled us to correct several errors, as we had not been certain of some, 
as we had no access to some records destroyed by. fire. These markers, 
as is true of all old ones, have the name, then following is son or 
daughter of the parents, as th« case, may be; After visiting with Mr. 
Shinkle's family and securing the valuable infprmation, we returned to 
Mr. Gardner's home. Om the Sabbath we attended Union Church and 
addressed the, congregation in the morning. Mr. John D. Gardner 
possessed very valuable information. As has been said in another sec- 
tion of this book, the family of Beniamiii Gardner, Sr., had three groups 
in Brown county, and this was the community of the largest group of 
the boys. Jeptha Gardner, the father of John D. Gardner, had a dispo- 
sition and temperament that any of the relatives would visit him, while 
that was not true with Matthew the preacher. 

Social visits were not a part of his program, and the result was his 
younger children knew but little of family history. Jeptha Gardner, 
being one of the older sons of Matthew Gardner, they would visit fre- 
quently. We were able to secure from John D. as much history as 
from all other places. He had kept memoranda of many of the impor- 
tant fejftures. He was one of the most careful men in every respect we 
met in all our travels. The carefulness of this man enabled us to ar- 
range our records with accuracy. 

On Monday we took our departure for Georgetown, where we re- 
mained over night with Lewis G. De Vore, grandson of Matthew Gard- 
ner. We had a very pleasant visit here and availed ourselves of the 
records of the county. We were then in possession of the names of 
several branches of the family, and searched diligently for what might 
be recorded. We searched the records of administration, executors and 
studied the wills. We then turned to the marriage records. The county 
was organized in 1818, being composed of parts of Clermont and Adams 
counties. The first marriage recorded of a Gardner is Clarissa Gardner 
to Joseph Wright, married September 25, 1818; Henry Gardner to 
Rachael Newland (Book A, No. i, page 88), married March i, 1821 ; 
Abraham Gardner to Sarah Purcell (Book C, No. 3, page 13), married 
November 10, 1823; Benjamin H. Gardner to Theresa Devore (Book 
C, page 44) ; Benjamin H. Gardner to Matilda Howells (Book D, page 
34). This completed the record of the sons and daughters of Benjamin 
Gardner, Sr., in Brown county, the other members of the family having 
secured their licenses in Clermont, Adams and Highland counties before 
Brown county was organized. 


We departed from Georgetown and stopped off at Sardina. Here 
we discovered what we were not expecting. We had diligently searched 
for the Purcell family. When we left the train we were in plain vie^v 
of the old home of Squire Purcell, brother of Sarah (Purcell) Gardner, 
wife of Abraham Gardner, Sr. We had discovered at the offi-ce of the 
Probate Court at Georgetown that Squire Purcell was one of the sureties 
on bond furnished by Clarissa (Gardner) Wright, executor of the estate 
of Joseph Wright. 

We continued our journey to Hillsboro, Ohio, where we were met 
by Judge George B. Gardner. Before we were off the train we recog- 
nized the Judge. He is indeed a Gardner. One must m-ect the Judge 
to fully appreciate his excellent qualities in every respect. We were 
taken to his home and made to feel immediately that we were with our 

The time was spent in searching the records and studying history 
and connecting our data secured early in the research when the means 
were not as advantageous. We will say more of the Judge in the family- 

We departed for Washington C. H. to visit the Hon. Mills Gardner 
and daughters. We were met at the train by Mr. Gardner, who drove 
us to his home. After refreshing ourselves, we proceeded to study fam- 
ily record. 

The letter of Mrs. Moffitt became the main topic of interest, as it 
had revealed to the family so much that might be recovered. Until a 
late hour we exchanged notes and reviewed memorandums. We secured 
data and corrections that enabled us to shape owr work. The following 
day we returned home, arriving in Detroit late that evening, and the 
following day. May 17, 1906, began writing the history of the Gardner 
family. It became necessary to immediately send out about 1,000 letters 
in all at that date. They were prepared and mailed that week, and we 
began while many of the incidents were fresh in our mind. One letter 
was directed to Sir Henry Mortimer Durand, British Embassy, Wash- 
ington, D. C, to be directed by him how to proceed to secure information 
in connection with the coat-of-arms, etc. The following letter was re- 
ceived : 

British Embassy, Washington, May 22, 1906. 

Sir — I am directed by H. M. Charge d-Affaires to acknowledge the 
receipt of your letter of May 19, and to advise you to consult the Her- 
ald's College, which deals with all matters concerning coats-of-arms, etc. 

The address of the College is Queen Victoria Street, London, E. C. 

I am, sir, 
C. M. GARDNER. Sec. in H. M. Embassy. 

We have this date written the College for information regarding 
the coat-of-arms and record of the family there. The following letter 
was received in reply: 

Herald's College, London, E. C, 11 June, 1906. 

Dear Sir — Thanks for your letter of the 24th ult. To enable us to 
draw upon account of the family, together with the arms, it will be 
necessary first to make searches in local sources of information, as well 
as in the archives of the College. 

These searches will entail a certain amount of expense, and if you 
wish to proceed I would ask you to favor me with a cheque of 50 pounds. 


When ^writing, perhaps you would send me copies of any papers you 
possess bearing on your paternal descent. 

Yours faithfully, 

C M. Gardner, Detroit, Mich. Summerset Herald and Registrar. 

We wrote the War Department, Washington, D. C, to determine 
the record of Benjamin Gardner, Sr., and his service in the Revolution 
as far as possible. We desire, before giving the letter to call attention 
to the fact that Benjamin Gardner, Sr., and Jr., referred to in the letter 
are the father and son of Stephentoww, the Jr. being the Sr. of Brown 
county, Ohio. 

The Military Secretary, War Department, Washingrton, D. C. : 
War Department, the Military Secretary's Office. Washington, D. C. 
Respectfully return to C. M. Gardner, Detroit, Mich.: 

It is shown by the records of this office that one Benjamin Gardner, 
rank not stated, served in Captain Tames Denison's Companv, Fourth 
Regiment (1776-1781) New York Militia, commanded by Col. KilHan 
Van Renssellaer, Revolutionary War. A company payroll dated Alban3% 
Tune 4, 1777, shows that the companv Was employed in quelling an 
insurrection in the northeast part of the Manor Renssellaerwick, and 
bears the following items concerning the soldier : "Time of entering the 
service. April 17, 1777; time of leaving the service, April 24, — r-; 

Number of days in service, 8." 

The record also shows that one Benjamin Gardner, Jr., rank not 
stated, served in the same regiment, but the period of service is not 

His name appears on an undated receipt roll, which shows that cer- 
tificate No. 3 for 6 pounds, 5 shillings, issued by the Treasurer of the 
State of New York, pursuant to an Act of the Legislature passed April 
27, 1784, was received for service performed by him in this regiment. 
Nothing relative to the subject of inquiry has been found of record. 

F. C, 
The Military Secretary. 

It will be remembered that they did not have the methods of mak- 
ing and preserving records then that the Department has at present. 

We began the work of compiling from the written records of the 
Narragansett country, and from that have been able to secure the data 
of the early births, marriages and deaths of our forefathers. 

After we had exhausted the records at Buffalo, N. Y., we then turn- 
ed our attention to the countv in which they settled in Eastern New 
York and visited the various places. 

We arranged to see the former homes of these pioneer colonists, and 
on Auerust 4, 1906. left Buffalo for Stephen town. N. Y. 

We were met by Mr. John J. Moffitt, who took us to his home where 
we saw the first relative of the East, and where they saw the second ont 
of the line of descent of the old pioneer that left Stephentown in 1800. 

We remained with Mr. and Mrs. Moffiltt for several days and there 
gathered much history. We had a very delightful time and enjoyed our- 
selves very much with these newly found relatives. 


The day following our arrival we drove to the old homestead of 
our grandparent that removed to Ohio in 1800, and there viewed what 
is remaining of the house. We cannot but recall the architectural plan 
of this building as it was before destroyed. We remembered the plan 
of the new house erected after the farm was cleared in Ohio. This 
building in New York was identical in plan, position and on the same 
side of the slope of the hill as that one erected in Ohio. The old pioneer 
duplicated the New York building in the one he erected in Ohio. 

While there Mr. William Cranston, with his family, came and we 
all spent the remainder of the afternoon pleasantly reviewing and recall- 
ing history. 

A few days later we came to the home of Mr. Cranston and spent 
several days. Mr. Cranston married a Miss Bull, whose mother was a 
daughter of Sylvester Gardner. 

It is necessary to visit this home to understand the hospitality and 
generosity of the members of same. 

From Mr. Cranston's we went to several homes and secured the rec- 
ords of the various families connected with the Gardner family. 

On Monday of the following week we all met at the home of Mr. 
Rufus Sweet, who lives on the old homestead of Benjamin Gardner and 
owns same. We repaired and reset the markers of the graves of those 
buried there. More fortunately for Benjamin Gardner of this genera- 
tion and his good wife, they are buried in the yard on Mr. Sweet's farm 
and their graves have received the best of attention and care for nearly 
100 years. This graveyard was the third one of the generations de- 
ceased, back of the writer's own father's, that he assisted in repairing^ 
and with our own hands assisted in replacing the stones and placing the 
cement and concrete around the bases. 

While we were doing this work a statement made by Mr. Sweet's 
son impressed the writer as a very important one. He said : "I wonder 
if in 100 years some one will be digging around to repair our graves?" 

As we live and teach our children the respect due parents, so we be- 
lieve Will be the respect shown us by our descendants of the next cen- 
turies. It has been indeed a great pleasure to be able to go to the graves 
of these forefathers for the past 300 years and repair the graves and 
reset and rebuild the markers. 

We left the homes of these good people and returned to Albany and 
took up the study of the records of all the surrounding country and 
States as on file in the' great building of the State. 

Completing the work here, we returned to Buffalo and prepared for 
the reunion of the family in Ohio. 

On August 25, 1906, we left Buffalo via Detroit by steamer for Wa- 
pakoneta to attend the reunion. 

While at Wapakoneta, Ohio, attending the reunion, we met for the 
first time Mr. Charles H. Gardner, of Cleveland, Ohio, and on being 
urged to visit his home, we came to Buffalo via Cleveland and remained 
over night with Mr. Gardner and his family in their palatial Euclid 
avenue home. 

We had been studying this branch of the family to connect them, 
and as far as they were concerned and knowledge of their ancestors, they 
were as the "two lost tribes." 


We will refer the reader to the history of the grandparents of these 
children, of which Mr. Gardner is a member. 

It has been said that possibly the grandfather remembered that he 
purchased his time from his father so he could get married, and had not 
forgotten it. Another suggestion was that no doubt there were so many 
of the family that the grandfather knew that if he kept in touch with 
them and they began to visit he would have to work much more than he 
did, and he worked all the time, except on the Sabbath, to maintain his 
family and clear his homestead and accumulate his fortune. 

We had not visited the childhood home of these sons, and a few 
days later we received an urgent request from Roscoe (Rock) to go to 
the old home town (Chagrin Falls) and see the place of their home. We 
left for Cleveland and visited the home of the birth and childhood of 
these three generations of this branch of Gardners. 

Chagrin Falls is a beautiful little town of about 2,500 souls, located 
about an hour's ride southeast of Cleveland, Ohio. 

About 1820 there came into this place, a wilderness, two strong 
characters — Albon Crocker Gardner and Deacon Hervey White. 

The first a physical giant — a man of iron constitution and a will 
equally strong — a mathematical mind and an honest man. 

The second differed to this extent: he was an artist and a manufac- 
turer — a broad, noble character. 

Albon Crocker Gardner purchased much land and the opportunities 
for his growing family was without bound. 

About one mile south of the town is located a great farm, on which 
these children were reared. The father devoted much of his early life in 
the manufacture of woolen goods, owning and operating a woolen mill. 

He would go to his mill and remain all the week, returning home 
very late on Saturday evening and be off again early Monday morning, 
and the family would see but little of him. His meals would be taken to 
him, and in this way Mr. Gardner reared the family. Is it any wonder 
his children did not know who his brothers and sisters were? 

Northeast of the town is a narrow valley, and across the valley Dea- 
con Hervey White threw a dam which retained the water for a great 
distance back and formed a great lake of water. Below this was the 
great ax factory of Hervey White, known to all pioneers of Ohio. From 
this factory went the axes that all our grandfathers of Ohio used to 
clear away the forests. His attention was more closely given to his fam- 
ily and the result was the Whites are more generally known to the 
present members of the family. 

We were accompanied here by Charles Hl Gardner, who directed us 
to th« place, w4iere this large family had been reared. 

Gardner habits are as old as time. They will never break away 
from the idea of a graveyard on the farm. On this farm is a cemetery. 
More fortunate for this one than that of many, it has now become the 
cemetery of the entire town and surrounding community. 

We returned to our own city, to be away again for Eastern New 
York and attend the family reunion there, and then to Rhode Island to 
visit the homes of the people surviving and the graves of those who have 
gone before. 

We received a mailing-list from our Mr. Charles Shumway's daugh- 
ters, in which was the name of Rev. William Gardner, Rio, Wis. 



We wrote the "Reverend," and in reply received what has proven to 
be one of the long-looked-for lines of descent. 

Mr. Gardner had visited Rhode Island a few years before and could 
direct us just where to go for valuable information and where to write. 
We wrote a letter to Mrs. Robinson, of Wakefield, R. I., who had given 
years of study to the subject and had compiled much history and record^. 

With this and much more we found on going there, we have secured 
much valuable record. 

We are very sorry to say here, in connection with Mrs. Robinson, 
that she had died but a short time before we arrived at her place of 

After returning from Ohio, the reunion of the Eastern branch of the 
family was held in Stephentown, N. Y., where we went that we might 
become the better acquainted with those who might be present and 
gather more of the history of the family. We enjoyed the occasion 
very much and the meeting of new faces. 

It is with pleasure that we record the following: 

Mr. Charles M. Gardner — ^We, the descendants of the Eastern 
branch of the Gardner family in America, in reunion assembled, hereby 
desire to express to you our appreciation of your efforts toward making 
today's event possible. 

We feel gratified with the sturdy growth and useful position to 
which our family has attained, and for the record of its growth, the story 
of its struggles and the history of its origin to pass from recollection, 
with the passing of its founders, would indeed be an occasion for deep 
regret. We also fully realize that after a comparatively few years of 
further growth and amalgamation with our common race, the compila- 
tion of such a history would have become impossible. 

It is with sincere gratitude, therefore, that we are privileged to 
record that this story has been rescued and the history preserved by you, 
our friend and relative, before it has become too late. We well know 
what it has meant for a business man to devote a year of busy life to the 
benefit of this cause, and this, too, we deeply appreciate. 

In testimony to the above, we have hereunto affixed our names. 

Done at Stephentown, Rensselaer county. New York, this fifteenth 
day of September, One Thousand Nine Hundred and Six. 

Kirk E. Gardner, 

Helen M. Gardner, 

Elizabeth G. Carpenter, 

Daniel Shepardson, 

Emma C. Shepardson, 

John J. MoffiJtt, 

Lucy Gardner Moffitt, 

Ora M. Ford, 

Edward M. Ford, 

John H. Gardner, 

Caroline M. Gardner, 

Fred G. Gardner, 

Helen Marion Gardner, 

Fred Elwood Gardner, age five. 

Adelaide Electa Wood Gardner, 

Eunice M. Sweet, 
Mary E. Sweet, 
Mira Gardner Bull, 
Charles Moffitt Ford, 
Harriet Reynolds Ford, 
Helen M. G. Shumway, 
Charles F. Shumway, 
Mary J. Shumway, 
Nellie H. Shumway, 
Michael Halpin, 
Augusta L. Woodward, 
Carrie Gardner Chaloner, 
Mary A. Chaloner, 
Rufus Sweet. 


We proceeded to the city of New York, examining the records in 
the genealogical departments of the several libraries. 

Our great desire had been to stand where the forefathers had stood 
and view their former homes. After a delightful ride on one of the pa- 
latial steamers, we awakened at Fall River, Mass., from which place we 
proceeded by trolley to the first American home of our first American 
father, Newport, R. I. 

After a delightful ride on a bright fall morning, we arrived at old 
Trinity Church. The bells were calling the worshippers to the sanctu- 
ary. We spent the next hour in this quaint old house of worship. Our 
thoughts passed over the two and a half centuries to the founders and 
builders of this structure. Our mind recalled the statement engraved 
upon the gravestone of him "who outlived all the other members of the 
vestry to see the church completed." 

We stood at the graves of these early colonial fathers, and could but 
attempt to measure the achievements of the lives of those buried in that 
little cemetery. For more than two centuries the songs that they sang 
have been sung ; the Gospel that was preached to them has been preach- 
ed to the many generations that have come and gone. 

Early in our American history is recorded the life of one who occu- 
pied so prominent and conspicuous a place — Caleb Gardner. We visited 
the home and were curious to take the observation he did, looking over 
the bay as he did when he located the English fleet that had come to 
destroj^ the French fleet lying at anchor. By a careful study of the in- 
lets of this bay, one could readily see, with the knowledge Mr. Gardner 
possessed of these waters, how he guided the French fleet to a place of 

Our attention was next turned to that territory so fittingly described 
by the petitioners and termed King's country, Old Narragansett. 

We landed at Saunderstown, right upon the land owned by one of 
the second generation. A ride down Boston Neck, crossing to the main- 
land, we were upon sacred ground. In fact, there is not a particle of the 
old Pettaquamscutt purchase but what was the familiar home of some 
branch of this family. 

The records of all the towns (townships) were diligently searched 
for every trace of record pertaining to this family frorri its origin. 

We procured conveyance and drove over hill and vale, searching 
the location as described by deed and will. We drove to the old church- 
yard, where was erected the first Episcopal Church of that territory. In 
the city of the dead we spent considerable time, living in memory with 
those who had laid the foundation, so deep and broad, for the Christian 
and intellectual development of this great family and its thousands who 
were to follow and become the standard-bearers of the principles advo- 
cated by these colonists in centuries to come. 

When one studies the lives of these great men and noble mothers 
and sees these principles reflected in the lives of our great men of this 
generation, there can be no question of doubt as to the blood that 
courses the veins, as it has come from generation to generation and is 
seen in the lives of the self-sacrificing, devout men who have pushed 
westward, until every State in the Union now claims some branch of the 
family that had its origin in old Pettaquamscutt. 


Not all of the best of the lives were sent forth from these hills to 
open up the new territories, but Rhode Island has maintained the stand- 
ard and has lifted it higher and higher, and has at all times and in all 
relations maintained the history of which she may well be proud. 

The old church in which the sainted Dr. McSparren zealously pro- 
claimed the Gospel in its simplicity has been removed for more than a 
century to the old town of Wickford, where it might be better preserved. 

Those who had departed and the body laid in this churchyard re- 
main, and a beautiful monument has been erected to commemorate the 
final resting-place of the good Doctor and his early parishioners. 

Reader, there is one thing that we do believe should be done to com- 
memorate and keep before the American people the name of the first and 
second generation of our family ; that is, the erection in that cemetery of 
a monument sacred to the memory of those who were called upon to 
endure the early hardships of the American pioneer life. 

The purpose of the authors of this book has been as far as possi- 
ble to preserve the history of this family, and we herewith urge you to 
become a contributor to a fund to erect such a monument to the memory 
of George Gardner, his two good wives and 14 children. 



At the dawn of the seventeenth century the western shore of Nar- 
ragansett bay was occupied by the Narragansett tribe of Indians, num- 
bering 5,000 warriors, while the eastern shore and the country out to 
Massachusetts bay pertained to the Wamponoags, under the Sachem 

The first white settler was Roger Williams, a young clergyman who 
had been banished from Massachusetts for his "new and dangerous opin- 
ions" and ordered to be carried to England. Escaping from his stern 
Puritan guards, he took refuge among the Indians, and in 1636, with 
five companions, he descended the Seekonk river in a canoe. He landed 
at a favorable place near the head of Niarragansett bay and named it 
Providence, in memory of "God's merciful providence to him in his dis- 
tress." The domain was granted to him by Canonicus, the sachem of 
the Narragansetts, in acknowledgment of the minister's kindness. Other 
bands of exiles from Massachusetts founded Portsmouth (in 1638) and 
Newport (in 1639), and in 1643 these three colonies were united under 
the title of "The Providence Plantations in the Narragansett Bay in 
New England." The new commonwealth sent as its ambassador to 
England the well-beloved Roger Williams, who secured for it, from the 
Earl of Warwick, a favorable colonial charter, which was supplanted 
in 1663 by a still more liberal charter from King Charles II, 

During King Philip's war, in 1675-76, the Indians burned Provi- 
dence and otherwise ravaged the province. An army of 1,000 Niew Eng- 
land soldiers stormed the tribal fortress of the Narragansetts, near 
Kingston, and slew 300 Indians and took 600 prisoners, losing in the 
attack 230 men. 

The first church was organized at Providence in 1638, and the first 
public school at Newport in 1640. In 1693 a postal route was established 


to Boston, and 15 years later the first colonial census showed a popula- 
tion of 7,181. Journalism began with the Rhode Island Gazette at New- 
port in 1732. 

During the Revolution the privateers of Narragansett bay swept 
the seas, and 3,000 Rhode Island troops served in the Continental line 
at one time. Bristol and Warren were bombarded by the Britons, and 
Newport remained in their occupation from 1776 to 1779, when it was 
evacuated, almost in ruins. 

Rhode Island was the last of the 13 States to accept the Constitu- 
tion of the United States. During the confederation period Rhode 
Island's delegates had been obstructive on more than one occasion, and 
during the last supreme efforts to convert the alliance of States into a 
nation the Republic of Rhode Island was not even represented in the 
Constitutional Convention. Thorny, resolute and independent, the little 
State stood out against the current of union until it began to be seriously 
proposed to blot out this "abominable" commonwealth and divide her 
territory between Massachusetts and Connecticut. When President 
Washington made his grand tour throughout New England in 1789 he 
carefully avoided crossing the frontiers of Rhode Island. In 1790 the 
Federal Constitution was at last ratified, and Little Rhody became a 
State of the Great Republic. The Royal Charter remained in force until 
1843, when it gave way to a new State Constitution. In 1842 T, W, 
Dorr claimed to have been elected Governor, and his adherents rose in 
arms against the regular State officials and erected fortifications. Upon 
the advance of the State troops, with other New England soldiers, the 
army of the Dorr rebellion melted away without fighting. 

Out of a population of 175,000, Rhode Island sent out to the war for 
the Union 22,236 soldiers, of whom 2,800 suffered death or wounds. 

The State is named from the island upon which Newport stands, 
and this in turn commemorates the Isle of Rhodes, in the Mediterranean 
sea, famous for its defense against the Saracens by the Knights of St. 
John. The Colonial Act of 1644 says : "The island of the Aquethneck 
shall be called the Isle of Rhodes." 

The arms of Rhode Island consist of a golden anchor, representing 
hope, emblazoned on a shield of blue, typical of maritime activities and 
ambitions. The motto of the State is included in the single word Hope. 


Rhode Island is the smallest State in the Republic, its land surface 
being but little more than that of Delaware even and 1-240 of the area 
of Texas. The chief geographical feature is Narragansett bay, an arm 
of the sea entered between Point Judith and Saconnet Point, and reach- 
ing up for 30 miles, or nearly to Providence. It covers 130 square miles, 
and has 10 harbors branching off and several islands. Along the shores 
are many beaches and promontories, fully occupied as summer resorts, 
with scores of hotels and thousands of cottages and villas. Commodious 
steamboats ply along the bay and its inlets all summer long, bearing 
myriads of pleasure-seekers and leading to the scenes of the far-famed 
Rhode Island clambakes at Rocky Point and elsewhere. The island 
known by the Indians as A<juidneck, and named by the colonists Rhode 
Island (whence the title of the State), covers 37 square miles, being 15 
miles long and of varying widths. This beautiful domain has been enti- 



tied "The Isle of Peace" and "The Eden of America," and consists of far- 
viewing hills, pastoral valleys and sequestered ponds fronting the blue 
outer waters with long sandy beaches and bold cliffs. 

A steam ferry runs from Rhode Island to Conanicut, an island of 
eight square miles, largely occupied by summer estates, villas and hotels. 
Prudence Island, farther to the northward, covers four square miles, and 
has a number of farms and summer homes. Patience, Hope, Despair 
and other smaller islets further adorn the surface of the bay. Thirty 
miles southwest of Newport, in the Atlantic ocean, lies Block Island, the 
Indian Manisees, eight by three miles in area, with its surface divided 
between high bare hills, wind-swept downs and enclosed salt ponds. It 
constitutes the town of New Shoreham, with 1,320 inhabitants, and has 
numerous summer hotels, with steamboats running to and from Provi- 
dence, Newport and New London. Narragansett Pier is another famous 
resort a few miles north of Point Judith and facing the Atlantic. The 
bay is prolific in oysters and clams, lobsters and quahaugs and many 
varieties of food fish, in whose pursuit 1,400 men are engaged. 

Watch Hill, at the remote southwestern point of the State, is a bold 
promontory between Narragansett Beach and Napatree Beach, crowned 
with a group of hotels and summer cottages. It looks out over the sea, 
and at night commands a view of 11 light-houses. 

The chief rivers are the Pawcatuck, navigable to Westerly ; the See- 
konk, to Pawtucket, and the Providence, a deep estuary eight miles long, 
from Nayatt Point to Providence. Large sums have been expended by 
the National Government on the Providence river, which has been deep- 
ened by skillful engineering works from 4 feet to 25 feet, giving a com- 
modious outlet for the large commerce of the Rhode Island metropolis. 
West of the bay the country is diversified with many high hills and 
broad woodlands. These lake-strewn forests of oak and walnut fall to 
the southward into pine plains and cedar swamps and then into broad 
and level salt marshes, which front the sea with wind-swept sand hills 
and long beaches, amid which salty lagoons enter from the outer main. 

The climate is the most equable in New England, possibly on ac- 
count of the divergence of a branch of the Gulf Stream into Narragansett 
bay, bringing with it an unusual warmth and moisture. 

Providence, the metropolis, and the second city of New England, 
stands on a group of hills at the head of the navigable waters connected 
with Narragansett bay, and is an enterprising and wealthy community 
with large manufacturing and financial interests and a profitable mari- 
time trade. Newport, at the head of a noble harbor on Rhode Island, is 
chiefly famous as a summer resort for wealthy New York and Boston 
families, whose beautiful estates extend from the old pre-RevoIutionarv 
town out to the sea bounds, and are adorned with magnificent cottages. 



"In the southern corner of Rhode Island there lived in the middle 
of the eighteenth century a race of large landowners who have been 
called the Narragansett Planters. Unlike the other New England aris- 
tocrats of their time, these people derived their wealth from the soil and 
not from their success in mercantile adventures. They formed a landed 
aristocracy which had all the peculiarities of a landed aristocracv to as 


great extent as did that of the Southern colonies. Nevertheless, the 
Xarragansett magnates were not planters in the usual and commonly- 
accepted nxeaning of the word. It is true enough that they lived on 
large, isolated farms, surrounded by all the pomp and apparent pros- 
perity that a horde of slaves could supply, but if one looks under the 
surface he will find that the routine of their daily lives was entirely 
unlike that of the Virginia planters. The Narragansett wealth was de- 
rived not so much from the cultivation of any staples, like tobacco or 
cotton, as from the product of their dairies, their flocks of sheep, and 
their drives of splendid horses, the once famous Narragansett pacers. 
In fine, they were* large, large for the place and epoch, stock farmers and 

"Narragansett society was unlike that of the rest of New England. 
It was anomaly in the institutional history of Rhode Island. It has 
been claimed that the progenitors of the Narragansett farmers were 
superior in birth and breeding to the other New England colonists, and 
that to this the aristocratic frame of Narragansett society is due. I do 
not find this to have been the case. Nor do I believe the settlers of thib 
particular portion of Rhode Island to have been one whit better born 
or bred than the founders of other Rhode Island, Massachusetts or Con- 
necticut towns. 

**Slavery, both negro and Indian, reached a development in colonial 
Narragansett unusual in the colonies north of Mason and Dixon's line. 
In 1730 South Kingstown contained 965 whites, 333 negroes and 223 
Indians. Eighteen years later the proportion was nearly the same — 
i>405 whites, 380 negroes and 195 Indians. Undoubtedly a few of these 
Indians and negroes were free, but then the indented servants (practi- 
cally slaves for a term of years), here reckoned among the whites, were 
probably sufficient in number to more than balance the free negroes and 
Indians. The proportion then of slaves to free was between one-half 
and one-third, a proportion to be found nowhere else in New England. 

"Many persons, ignoring the early history of the Narragansett coun- 
try, seem to take it for granted that the progenitors of the great families 
were Episcopalians. Such, however, was not the case. We are told, for 
instance, that the elder Richard Smith possessed a conscience too tender 
for the English Gloucestershire or the old colonial Taunton. He sought 
refuge in the Narragansett wilderness, where he bought and hired large 
tracts of land from the natives and opened a trading-house for their con- 
venience. His son. Major Richard Smith, who joined him in 1659, had 
served, if tradition is correct, as an offiicer in Cromwell's victorious army. 
Assuredly neither of them was the man to entertain a kindly feeling 
toward Episcopacy. Their early neighbors and associates were either 
fellow-members of the Atherton Company or men sent out by it, and 
they hailed, almost to a man, from Massachusetts or Connecticut, where 
the English of the Restoration was regarded with almost as much horror 
as the 'Babylonian woe' itself. 

"Roger Williams preached to the assembled Indians and English, 
and other Godly men at one time or another ministered to the spiritual 
needs of the Narragansett people. It was because the Episcopal form 
was one well suited to the time and the place that it became the estab- 
lished church of the country and added a pleasing color to the social life 
of the Narragansett farmers. 


"To sum up, in colonial Narragansett the nature and constitution of 
the place, the extension of slavery,, both in negroes and Indians, the 
mode of cotination, the political predominance enjoyed by the freeholders 
in Rhode Island, were all favorable to the production of a state of society 
which has no parallel in New England. That these causes did not 
produce such a result no one, who has carefully studied the early records, 
can deny. 

"Rhode Island Colony in general was a country for pasture, not for 
grain. Extending along the shore of the ocean and a great bay, the air 
softened by a sea vapor, and the winters were milder and shorter than 
up inland. In Narragansett resided the landed aristocracy of the colony. 
Their plantations were large, many containing thousands of acres, and 
noted for dairies and the production of cheese. The grass in the mea- 
dows was very thick and as high as the tops of the walls and fences. 
Two acres were sufiicient for the annual food of each cow. One farm 
had 12 negro women as dairy women, each one of whom had a girl to 
assist her. Xand was sold as high as $60 per acre, when money had 
double the value it has now. Large flocks of sheep were kept and the 
clothing was manufactured for the household, which sometimes exceeded 
70 persons in parlor and kitchen. Grains were shipped to the West 
Indies. The labor was mostly performed by African slaves and Narra- 
gansett Indians. 

"Ancient Narragansett was distinguished for its generous hospi- 
tality. Strangers and traveling gentlemen were always received and 
entertained as guests. An acquaintance with one family was an intro- 
duction to all their friends. Public houses were rare. The society was 
refined and well informed. Books were not so general as now, but the 
wealthy employed tutors for their children and completed their educa- 
tion by placing them in the families of learned clergymen. 

"That the gentlemen of ancient Narragansett were well informed 
and possessed of intellectual taste, the remains of their libraries and 
paintings would be sufficient testimonials. Many of th-ese paintings and 
libraries are now dispersed. 

"This state of society, siipported by slavery, would produce festivity 
and dissipation, the natural result of wealth and leisure. The great land 
proprietors indulged in these expensive festivities until the Revolution. 

"At Christmas commenced the Holy Days. The work of the season 
was completed and the 12 days were devoted to festive associations. All 
connections by blood or affinity were entitled to respectful attention and 
were treated as welcome guests, as a matter of right on one side and 
courtesy on the other. Every gentleman of estate had his circle of 
connections, friends and acquaintances, and these were invited from 
one plantation to another. Every member of the family had his par- 
ticular horse and servant, and rarely rode unattended by his servant, 
to open gates and to take charge of the horses ; carriages were unknown. 
Public roads were few ; there were driftways, with gates, from one plan- 
tation to another. 

"In imitation of the whites, the negroes held a mock annual election 
of their Governor. When the slaves were numerous their election was 
held in each town. The annual festivity was looked for with great 
anxiety, and party-feeling was as violent as among the whites. The 
slaves assumed the ranks of their masters, whose reputation was degrad- 


ed if the negroes appeared in inferior apparel or with less money than 
those of masters of equal wealth. The horse of the wealthy land-holders 
were on this day all surrendered to the use of the slaves, who with cues, 
real or false, head pomatumed and powdered, cocked hat, mounted on 
the best Narragansett pacers, sometimes with their master's swords, 
with their ladies on pillions, pranced to election at ten o'clock. 

"It is years since the state of Narragansett society changed, and the 
revolution has been deep, effectual, complete. The abolition of slavery, 
the repeal of the law of primogeniture, the division of estates equally 
among all, has divided and sub-divided inheritance into such si\iall por- 
tions that the whole has disappeared from every branch of their families ; 
and in most instances not a foot remains among them, — nay, not even 
'the green graves of their sires.' " 


A few persons have been disposed to treat our first American father 
as Joseph Gardner instead of George Gardner. 

The position taken has been most warmly championed by J. Warren 
Gardner, Brewster, Nebraska. Mr. Gardner takes the position that there 
were two distinct families, the George Gardner family of Newport and 
the Joseph Gardner family of Narragansett. 

We propose to show by Mr. Gardner's own statements wherein he 
is incorrect, and that the children who were the early inhabitants of 
Narragansett were the sons of George Gardner of Newport and that 
there was no Joseph Gardner of Narragansett as claimed by him. 

In taking the position we do, it is not to defend the George Gardner 
theory, but because there is no foundation upon which to base the con- 
clusion in favor of Joseph Gardner. 

The following is the reproduction of a record made by William G. 
Gardner, July ii, 1790, about one hundred and twenty years after the 
death of the first American father. 


"Joseph Gardner, the youngest son of Sir Thomas Gardner, Knight, 
came over among the first settlers, and died in Kings County, Rhode 
Island, State, aged 78 years. Born A. D. 1601. Died A. D. 1679. Left 
six sons, viz.: Benoni, died 1731 aged 104 years, Henry, died 1737 aged 
loi years, Wm., died at sea by pirates, George lived to see 94, Nicholas 
and Joseph lived also to a great age." 

We desire to call the attention of the reader to the fact that this 
record was made more than one hundred years after this family had 
passed away and was the result of tradition. If you have ever attempted 
to learn anything relative to a family by tradition for fifty years you 
would appreciate how utterly incompetent and erroneous such a record 
would be. 

We desire to be fair with our opponents. Mr. J. Warren Gardner 
takes the position that Benony Gardner, twice took the oath before 
the 0>nrts in which he said he was "upwards of ninety" was one of the 
evidences to substantiate the position that he could not be the son of 
George Gardner and Herodias Hicks, this date of age causing him to be 
bom more than three years prior to the marriage of the parents, and 
about three years prior to the coming of the mother to Newport. 

gg oabdner. 

His second position that the Narragansett Gardners spelled the 
name with "i" while the Newport Gardners spelled it "Gardner." His 
third position was, that the Gardiners of Maine, being of the Narra- 
gansett family, spelling the name with the "i" did not accept George 
but Joseph. 

Wilkins Updike, apparently was the first to use the name Joseph, 
accepting the Bible record as authentic. We cannot accept the Bible: 
record for the following reasons: 

First. There is not one public document of any character that men- 
tions the name of Joseph Gardner until the year 1691, when a deed is 
signed by Joseph Gardner transferring certain land in which mention 
is made of George Gardner, the father of Joseph the signer. The second 
record was in 1705 when Joseph Gardner was deputy for Newport. 

Second. If the children of this Joseph Gardner were mentioned as 
becoming inhabitants of the Narragansett Country, why would not 
Joseph's name appeared? It was the custom then to officially recognize 
and admit them as inhabitants of those new colonies. Land transfers, 
wills, town-council meetings, all bore the names of those having any 
relation with same. It must be remembered that there were very few 
people, and in some manner they were identified with the public records. 
No Joseph Gardner appeared until Joseph Gardner, the son of George 
Gardner had attained the age when his signature appears in deeds, town- 
meetings, &c. 

George Gardner's name appears as soon as he went to Rhode Island. 
He was admitted an inhabitant of the Island of Aquidneck 1638. And 
the reader will observe the connections as history gives it down till the 
time of his death. 

The Gardiners of Maine do accept and treat George Gardner as 
their first American father and no mention is made of Joseph Gardner. 

The only excuse for the position of Joseph Gardner was to evade 
the early marriage of the first wife of George Gardner. This has been 
so expressed in correspondence with the Joseph Gardner advocates. 

The spelling of the name with or without "i" has no significance 
as both methods are adopted by the same family. 

The errors are largely due to the careless methods adopted by many 
who have no particular interest in the family. It did not concern the 
party when writing whether they stated one thing or another. Mr. J. 
Warren Gardner has studied very critically, records for more than forty 
years, but the burden of his work was to establish a Joseph line instead 
of George and we find his writings are full of errors. 

These records are the results of research of the original records of 
the families and public documents. If there are any errors the families 
and makers of the public records are responsible. W^e have used all 
records thus obtainable and it establishes beyond doubt that our first 
American father was George Gardner. 


Another Gardner Line Established about the Time of the Family, the 

Subject of this Work. 

We introduce this to evidence the errors of many writers who have 
confused the two families. The relation prior to coming to America is 


very close but take us to the mother country for the same parentage. 

The writer found in the New England Genealogical Register in con- 
nection with the Vassal estate the following history, which determined 
the early settlements made by the family and the places selected by 

In the autobiography of Elder Matthew Gardner he states "the family 
came from England in the year about 1685." We find in tracing the 
family records that have been compiled since the writing of the Matthew 
Gardner book that the family came to America nearly fifty years prior 
to the time designated by Mr. Gardner in his work. 

The past fifty years have been spent in research by the various 
members of the family, and records made of same are now preserved in 
book form, and access may be had to the records without having to go 
to the written records at the various churches, counties, &c., where they 
were, besides, the written records of the families have been compiled 
with the connections as will be seen in this family outline. 


The name Gardner is undoubtedly of Latin origin. In Latin it is 
Gordianus. In Italian it is Gardena. In Spain it is De Guarder. In 
France, Des Jardine, pronounced Zaar-din-nar. In German it is Gaertner. 

A knight named Des Jardine came with William The Conqueror 
into England. The name has been known there from that time. The 
original writing in England seems to have been Gardynar. 


Thomas Gardner, the first of the Salem stock, came over in 1624 
from Dorsetshire, England, near which the name had flourished for more 
than three centuries, and settled, under the auspices of the Dorchester 
Company and Rev. John White, with thirteen others, at Gloucester, 
Cape Ann, upon the grant of Lord Sheffield to Robert Cushman and 
Edward Winslow, made in January of that year. Mr. Gardner was 
overseer of the plantation, John Tyler of the fisheries, Robert Conant 
soon after being appointed governor. Not realizing the success they 
anticipated in forming a colony, they removed, in 1626, to Naumkeag, 
or Salem, which continued the home of Mr. Gardner and his descendants 
down to this present Century. He died in 1635. 

Thomas, his son, an eminent merchant, was born 1592, and died 
1674. He held several town offices, and was a member of the general 
court in 1637. By his wives Margaret Frier and Damaries Shattuck he 
had: i. Thomas, 2. George, 3. Richard, 4. John, 5. Samuel, 6. Joseph, 
7. Sarah, wife of Benjamin Balch, 8. Miriam, wife of John Hill, 9. Ruth, 
wife of John Grafton. From these were many descendants. Joseph 
commanded the Salem company in King Philips's war, and commended 
for his courage by historians, was killed, with eight of his men and six 
other captains, in an attack on an Indian fort, in the great battle in the 
Xarragansett swamp, December 19, 1675. His wife was daughter of 
Emanuel and sister of the celebrated Sir George Downing. His widow, 
about 1686, married Governor Bradstreet. It is probable that through 
this connection the noble house erected by the governor, of which an 


engraving is to be found in Felt's Salem, came into the Gardner family. 
Richard with three of his children removed to Nantucket, where more 
were born unto him. His eldest daughter, Sarah, became the wife of 
Eleazer Folger, brother of Dr. PVanklin's mother. 

Some of his descendants married with Coffins, Macys, Starbucks, 
greatly multiplying and continuing down to our own time. 

Samuel was a merchant, deputy to the general court, and as one 
of its selectmen, trustee of the Indian deed of the town of Salem, Octo- 
ber II, 1686. 

George, the second son of the second Thomas, was born before his 
father came to America, and died in 1679. He engaged in business at 
Hertford and there accumulated a large estate. His wife was Elizabeth 
Orne, by whom he had seven children, i. Hannah, wife of John But- 
tolph. 2. Samuel. 3. Mary, wife of Habakkuk Turner. 4. George. 
5. Ruth, wife of John Hawthorne, one of the judges in the trials for 
witchcraft. 6. Ebenezer, who married in 1681, Sarah Bartholomew, and 
died in 1685, at the age of twenty-eight, bequeathed considerable prop- 
erty by his will, as he had no children of his own, among his brothers, 
sisters and other kinsfolk, from the mention of whom in that instrument, 
which information as to the earlier generations of the name has been 
derived. 7. Mehitable. 

The second wife of Mr. Gardner was Ruth Turner, a name which 
is suggestive. His daughter Mary having married one of the same 
family, this connection of his may have saved her father from being in 
his old age companionless. 

Samuel, born in 1648, died in 1724; married 1673, Eizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Brown, widow of Joseph Grafton. He was a merchant and 
also cultivated a farm. In the Indian war he commanded a company. 

His children were: i. George, 2. Hannah, born 1676, married John 
Higginson in 1695, by whom she had four children and died 1718. 3. 
George, born 1679. (The writer desires to call attention to the name 
George appearing twice as children of the same parents. This occurs 
frequently when a child died without issue another was given the same 
name.) 4. John, born 1681 ; died before 1724; married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Daniel Weld. He commanded the Salem Company in the 
battle, August 29, 1708, at Haver HSll, when it was attacked by French 
and Indians, and slew with his own hands an Indian, som-e of whose 
arms and equipments are still in possession of his descendants. For 
several years he represented Salem in the general court; but his consti- 
tution not being very strong he engaged in no active business. His 
children were: i. Elizabeth, born 1705, married Jonathan Gardner, a 
distant relative, who had a title of Commodore, 2. John, of whom here- 
after. 3. Ebenezer, born 1708, died young. 4. Daniel, born 1709, died 
1766, married Ann Putnam. 5. Hannah, born 171 1, wife of Samuel Hal- 
ton, and mother of Judge Halton, at one time President of Congress. 6. 
Samuel, bom 1712, died 1769. Graduate of Harvard, married Esther 
Orne, by whom he had several children. His second wife was Mrs. 
Winslow, daughter of Richard Clarke, one of the consignees of the tea 
destroyed in Boston Harbor in 1773, and sister of the wife of Copley, 
the painter. He held many of the town offices, represented Salem in 
the general court, and left an estate of one hundred thousand dollars. 
His two sons, George and Henry, were gaduates of Harvard, in the 


classes respectively of 1762 and 1765. The former left the college about 
five thousand dollars, the marine society for superannuated seamen over 
seven thousand, and to the poor of Salem nearly fifteen hundred. 7. 
Lydia. 8. Bethia, born 171 5, died 1773, married Nathaniel Ingersol. 
Their daughter May, who married Habakkuk Bowditch, was the mother 
of the celebrated mathematician, Dr. Bowditch. 9. Ruth, married ist, 
Bartholomew Purtnam ; 2d, Jonathan Goodhue. 

John Gardner, son of John and Elizabeth, whose tether was born 
1707, died 1784, in a house which stood on the present site of Salem 
museum. He married Elizabeth Putnam, widow of her cousin, William, 
brother of General Israel Putnam of the revolution, by whom he had: 

1. John of whom hereafter. 2. Elizabeth, born 1731, died 1754, unmar- 
ried, Mrs. Gardner had two daughters by Mr. Putnam, one wife of 
Jonathan Orne and the other of Jonathan Gardner. By his second wife 
Elizabeth he had no children, but by his third. May Pearl, born 1733, 
died 1826, he had Mary, wife of ist, Abel Hersey, 2d, William Lemon. 
He had no exclusive occupation, and being possessed of a farm and mill 
between Salem and Marblehead, engaged in a little commerce. He com- 
manded a troop of horse, and for some years was sent to the legislature 
from Salem. 

John, born 1731, died 1805. His wife was Mary Gale of Marblehead, 
bom 1728, died 1755. His second wife Elizabeth, sister of Col. Timothy 
Pickering of the revolution, and Secretary of State in the Cabinet of 
Washington and John Adams. By her he had three children : i. Eliza- 
beth, born 1759, died 1816; married 1782, Samuel Blanchard, born 1756, 
died 1813, surgeon in the army of the revolution. She was the grand- 
mother of Francis, born 1784, and who married Mary Ann, daughter of 
Francis Cabot, widow of N. C. Lee, of the first Mrs. Robert C. Winthrop. 

2. John, born 1760, died 1792, a successful merchant at Charleston, S. C. 

3. Samuel P. 

Early in life Mr. Gardner commanded a vessel to the West Indies, 
and during the revolution owned several privateers, all successful but 
the Black Prince and Hector, in the Penobscot expedition of 1779, by 
which he was a loser. 


The name of George Gardner is among the first settlers of Rhode 
Island, having settled there as early as 1638. He came from England 
with the first settlers and is the founder of this branch of the Gardner 
or Gardiner family in America. In writing the history of a family, 
whose first ancestors in America is found early in the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries, it is often necessary to throw out many traditions 
cherished for years, as in the case of this family where tradition cannot 
be substantiated by documentary proofs or evidence. 

In an old family Bible a record made in 1790, over a century after 
the name George Gardner is first found in the State records and a hun- 
dred years after his death, the statement is made that the ancestor of 
this family in America was named "Joseph." If for the name Joseph 
we use that of George the record is probably correct, and George Gardi- 
ner was born about 1601 as the record states. Died in Kingstown, R. I., 

1679. H^e married Herodias, widow of John Hicks, between 1641 and 

1645. I"cr maiden name was Long. 


Seven children were born to them : 

Rebecca, became (2) wife of John Watson. 

He married (2) Lydia Ballou, daughter of Robert and Susanna 
Ballou. After his death she married William Hawkings. 
Children by (2) wife were: 
The following is from the State records of Rhode Island: 

1638. George Gardner was admitted an inhabitant of the Island of 

1639. He was freeman. 

1641-2. He was Senior Sergeant. 

1644. He was Ensign. 

1660. George Gardner with others was witness to a deed given by 
T. Socho, an Indian, to William Vaughn, Robert Stanton, John Fairfield, 
Hugh Mosieck, James Longbottom, all of Newport, Rhode Island, of 
land comprising what is now the city of Westerly, R. I. 

1662. He was commissioner from Newport at court held at War- 
wick, R. I., on October 28. 

1668. He was made overseer of the will of Robert Ballou, his 

1671. Ben (an abbreviation no doubt for Benony) Gardner, Henry 
Gardner, George Gardner, Nicholas Gardner were among the list of in- 
habitants of the Pettaquomscut Plantation. 

1673. George Gardner was Juryman. 


Was born in England. 

Before the General Assembly of Newport she declared, "That when 
her father died in England, she was sent to London, and was married 
unknown to her friends to John Hicks, privately, in the under church 
of Paul's, called St. Faith's church, she being between thirteen and four- 
teen years old. She then came to New England with her husband, and 
lived at Weymouth two and a half years, thence coming to Rhode Islands 
and there lived ever since till she came to Pettacomscott. 

Soon after coming to Rhode Island there happened a difference be- 
tween her and her husband, John Hicks, and he went away to the 
Du1:ch, carrying away with him most of her estate which had been sent 
her by her mother. (Her mother and brother lost their lives and estate 


in his Majesty's service, she says.) After her desertion by John Hicks, 
she became the wife of George Gardner, and by him had many children. 

Testimony as to her marriage to George Gardner was given by 
Robert Stanton, who declared one night at his house both of them did 
say before him and his wife that they did take one the other as man and 

In May, 1658, two years only, after the advent of Mary Fisher and 
Ann Austin, to whom the distinction is awarded of having been the first 
missionaries of the society of Quakers who landed in the colonies, 
Herodias Gardner, who resided at Newport, Rhode Island, left her home 
and children, of whom she had several, and trudged sixty miles on foot 
through the wilderness to Weymouth, Massachusetts, to deliver her 
^'testimony," carrying an infant in her arms, and accompanied only by 
a little maid. 

The New England Puritans had lost nothing of the intolerance of 
what they had been, more excusably, the victims in the mother country. 
They branded their fellow-dissenters with heresy, and greeted them with 
scourge and prison. 

On reaching her distination Herodias was arrested and taken before 
Governor Endicott, who harshly addressed her in approbrious language 
and commanded that she and her attendant should each receive ten 
lashes on their naked backs. This cruel sentence was as barbarously 
inflicted, the woman meanwhile, holding her child, and only protecting 
it by her sheltering arms from the lash of the executioner. 

After the whipping with a threefold knotted whip of cords, she was 
continued for fourteen days longer in prison. 

After the savage, inhuman and bloody execution upon her of the 
cruelty aforesaid she kneeled down and prayed the Lord to forgive them. 


George (i). 

Benony Gardner, son of George and Herodias (Hicks) Gardner, 

died 1731. Married Mary . She was born 1645; ^i^d November 16, 

1729, at the home of her son-in-law. Job Sherman, at Portsmouth. 

Chidren were : 
^/^tephen, born 1667; died Feb. 9, 1743, at Bozrah, Conn. 

Nathaniel, died 1734. 

William, born 1671 ; died 1732. 


Isaac, born Jan. 7, 1687-8. 

Benony Gardner was born possibly about 1647. I" 1727 he gave his 
age in testimony as upwards of ninety. 

In 1 67 1 he took the oath of allegiance. 

In 1679 he, with forty-one others of Narragansett, signed a petition 
to the King, praying that he would "put an end to these differences 
about the government thereof," &c. 

September, 1785, he and wife Mary deeded son Nathaniel land, being 
the westernmost part of farm where Benony now dwells, and on the 
same day deeded son Stephen dwelling house, orchard, &c. 

In 1713, he and wife Mary deeded land to son Isaac. 



Book 2. Page io8. North Kingstown records. 

To all persons to whom these presents shall come I Benony Gard- 
ner of Kingstown in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tion in Ntw England yoeman, Sendeth Greeting: K'now ye that I 
Benony Gardner for and in consideration of the full sum of one hundred 
and fifty six pounds Current passable money of New England to me in 
hand paid before the Sealing & Delivery of these presents by my son 
Isaac Gardner of South Kingstown which said sum of one hundred and 

fifty six pounds 

Benony Gardner own and acknowledge ye the Rec 

and of every part and parcel thereof do acquit 

and exhonerate Sd. Isaac Gardner his heir Executors 

& Administrators forever by these Presents Have 

given granted, bargained Sold Aliened and Confirmed 

and by these presents do freely and fully absolutely 

give, grant, bargain, sell, Elien Enfeoffe and confirm 

from Gardner and my heirs unto the Sd. Isaac 

Gardner. . .a certain parcel or Tract of Land situated in 

The Town of Kingstown aforeSd. Containing 

nenty acres be it more or Less according to the 

bounded Southerly upon the Land of John Sweet 

George Gardner, Northerly upon Land of 

upon Land of Nicholas Gardner, at or 

Nor .... Have & To Hold the Sd. one . . .hundred 

Singular the Buildings. 

ry the 

gnes and Every of them from 

freely peacebly and Quietly to take possession 

with all their appurtenances without any Lan 

eruption or Euation or Disturbance of me the Sd 

Benony Gardner. . . .assigns or any other person or persons 

whatsoever. . . .from by or under me or them 

or any of them also I the. . . .ner do furthermore 

Covenant and promise to and with the. . . .his heirs 

and Assigns that I the Sd. Benony Gardner at. . . .sign- 

ing and Sealing of these presents have full power 

lawful Authority to bargain Sell and Alien the 

premises. . . .from above Exprest and for the Conformation 

thereof. . . Gardner have to these presents Set my hand 

and Seal this of May, Anno Dom. One Thousand Seven 

Hundred. . . .in the Twelfth year of her Majesty's 

Reigh Anna Queen ttain &c. Signed Sealed and 

Delivered in the presence 

(signed) Peleg Mumford 

Daniel Mackoone (signed) 





The above named Benony Gardner . of Kingstown the Day and 
year above Sd. acknowledged the above written Instrument to be his 




Book 2. Page 199. North Kingstown records. 

Explanation for the deeds and records being imperfect, the town 
records of North Kingstown were destroyed by fire and the pages were 
burned, only that portion remaining as copied here, the rest having been 
burned away. 4 

Be it known & Manifest by this Public Instrument of .•^. 

Eighteenth Day of September Annoqrie Dominy 

hundred and five Stile Angliae in the Presents 

after named, personally appeared, Benony Gar 

n in their Majes. Colony of Rhode Island & Prov 

in New England yeoman, & Mary his wife which 

in Consideration of the Love and aflFectipn which 

bear unto Nathaniel Gardner their Son of KHng 

Said and for his better Livelihood and Subsistance 

free and vollentry Will and without any Cons 

ed Bargained Aliened enfoeflFed Conveyed and 

by these presents Do fully freely Clarly & Abso 

bargiaine Alien EnfeoflFe Assign Transport and confirm 

Nathaniel Gardner His Heirs and Assigns forever 

or parcel of Land Lying and being in Kingstown 

the Weathermost part being by Estimation 

Granter Benony Gardner niow Dwells on 

Acres more or less, Butted and Bounded 

a young white oak Marked which 

Stands in A North and South 

his heirs Executors or Assigns 

ures fields wood Timber wood Land fences 

ago feed Rights Privileges Hendrances 

whatsoever to the Sd. Piece or Parce 

aies appertaining or there with used occup 

. • 11 rights Titles Interest Inheritanse Property 

whatsioever of Whom the said Grantors their Heirs 

of in or unto»the above Granted Premises and 

at the Said Granted Nathaniel Gardner his heirs 

- may from time to time and at all times from 

Occupie Possess and Enjoy the Piece of Land Butt 

as afore said with all other the Above Granted Pre 

or Rights and to their benefits and Behoofs the 

without any hindrances Let or Semable of the 

their heirs Executors, Admimstrators or Assigns 

the Said Benony Gardner & Mary his wife are the. 

owners of the above Granted Premises and Stand 

Haveing in themselves Good right and Lawful Authority 

and Convey the same in manner and form aforsd 

to Granters for themselves their Heirs Executors 

awt to and with the said Grantee His heirs or Assigns 


Delivery of these presents according to the true interest 

thereof they will defend the above Granted premises 

ner of Persons Claiming Rights, titles or Interest 

either of them in Witness thereof they the Sd 

Benony Gardner and Mary his wife hereunto set 

their hands and fixed the 

year above written and the fourteenth year of the 

..... .Reign of Her Majesty Anne by the Grace of God over Eng- 

land, Scotland &c 

Defender of the faith 

ed and Delivered 

of us 



The above mentioned Gardner personally 

this 1st Day of September 1712 and acknow 

Above written Instrument to be his act and 

JOHN ELDRED, Justice. 

George (i). 

Henry Gardner, son of George and Herodias (Hicks) Gardner, died 
1744. He nvarried (i) Joan. No children. Married (2) Abigail, window 
of John Remington and daughter of Edward and Abigail (Davis) Rich- 
mond. She was born 1656 and died 1744. 

Their children were : 

Henry, born Feb. 25, 1691 ; died 1768. 

Ephriam, born Jan. 17, 1693; died 1774. 

William, born Oct. 27, 1697; died 1732. 

Martha Elizabeth. 

JeflFrey Watson in his diary under date April 28, 1744, says: "I was 
at the burial of Uncle Henry Gardner. It was adjudged by old people 
that he was about one hundred years old, as he was a man grown in the 
Indian War." As the Indian war was in 1675 ^"d "21 ^nsi" grown" 
might mean twenty-one years of age, but as he took the oath of allegi- 
ance in 1671, he must have been at least twenty-one and undoubtedly 
much older. 

In 1679 he signed the petition to the King. 

In 1683 he was Constable. 

In 1685 he was Juryman. 

His will proved May 5, 1744, was as follows : 

To wife Abigail, a pacing mare, three best milch cows, six ewes, 
Negro wench, bed and other househJold furniture sufficient to furnish a 
room, and all that said wife dies possessed of she may give to my grand- 

To sons Henry and Ephrram Gardner, equally a farm in Westerly 
of 200 acres. 


To grandson Henry, son of William deceased, 80 or 90 acres in 
Westerly when he shall come to age. 

To granddaughter Hannah Potter, wife of Thomas, negro Patience. 

To granddaughter Dorcas Gardner, daughter of Ephriam, negro 

To son Henry half my money, lands, horses, hogs, &c., viz.: half 
of all estate not disposed of. 

To son Ephriam the other half. (To Henry a watch and to Eph- 
riam a bible also). 

To servant Peter a suit of clothes. 

To son Ephriam land in Pettaquamscutt. 

To sons Ephriam and Henry rest of Estate. 

Inventory, 1016 Pounds, is., viz.: 

Wearing apparel 42 Pounds. 

Silver money, cane, great bible, books, pewter stillyards, warming 
pan, 2 woolen wheels, — wheels, 5 cows, heifer, 2 oxen, mare, 

negro Betty and child • 120 Pounds 

Patience and child 120 Pbunds 

Charity 120 Pounds 

Sarah ♦. 130 Pounds 

Boy 70 Pounds 

Will written July 20, 1744. Proved October 8, 1744. Widow Abi- 
gail and son Henry, Executors. 

To son Henry, negro Betty, he paying my four grandchildren 40. 
Pounds, equally divided. 

To daughters Martha Sherman and Elizabeth Ktenyon all wearing 

To granddaughters Dorcas, daughter of Ephriam, Mary, daughter 
of Henry, Abigail Worden, daughter of William Gardner, deceased, rest 
of Estate. 


George (i). 

George, son of George and Herodias (Hicks) Gardner, was bom 
about 1650. He married Tabitha Tefft, daughter of John and Mary 
Tefft, Feb. 17, 1670; died 1724. She was born 1652; died 1722. 

He took th'e oath of allegiance May 19, 1671. His name is on the 
list of those inhabitants of Narragansett who signed the petition to the 
King in 1679. 

Children were : 


Nicholas^ died 1746; married Mary Northup. 

Samuel, married Ann Briggs, daughfter of Thomas and Martha, 1706. 

Robert, married Lydia Littlefield, June 14, 1716. 

John, married Mary Rathbun, of New Shoreham, 1717. 


Hannah, married Josiah Wescott, Jan. i, 1701 ; died 1756. 

Tabitha, born Feb., 1687; died 1760; married Nathaniel Niles, 

Joanna, married Daniel Hill. 



Book 2. Page 68. North Kingstown records, 

beloved Son Nicholas Gardner of 

bequeath and freely bestow upon our son 

ner his heirs Execrs. Adminrs. and Assignes And 

iff bequeath and freely bestow upon our aforesaid son 

parcell of Land Lying Situated and being in Kingstow 

on Eighty Acres more or less is Butted and bounded 

terly on Land of Thomas Mumford of the 

ay or Country Rhode, Southerly on Waids Farme Now i 

orow Langworthy and Samuel Wescott both of Kingsto 

Tract or parcell of Land with all the privileges & Appe 

belonging wee the Said George Gardner and Tabitha Ga 

Presents given and Granted in name and forme aforeSd 

Nicholas Gardner his heirs and Assignes as is Above Sd 

his proper benefir and Behoof e forever To have & to Hold 

fore given and Granted premises with the Appurtenances 

belonging unto the aforesai Lands and Each and Every Pa 

thereof with all the Uplands and Swamps thereon All these 

and Trees growing, Standing, Lying or being in or upon 

with all the waterings, water Courses ways & Easer 

thereunto or any part of, And further we the Sd. George 

Tabitha Gardner Do by these presents Declare the above 

of Lands to be free and Clear of and from all a 

of former Gifts, grants, bargaing, Sales Mortgages 

or Leases or Incumbrances whatsoever and that 

. .1 and granted premises are at this present and 

and Delivery of these presents is unto us the Sd. George 

: & Tabitha Gardner a .good and Lawfull Inheritance and na 

Lawfull Authority to Dispose of these premises 

is aforeSd. " And do by these presents for 

Adminstrs. and Assignes forever acquit 

AforeSd. Son Nicholas Gardner 

Lawfull Claims or Demands of any 

formation of all the above granted premises 

Tabitha Gardner have hereunto Sett our hands 

twenty Nine Day of January In the year of our Lord 

Soverign Lady Ann over Eng[land & Queen 

the within written Instrument 

Signed, Sealed and Delivered his' 

in the presence of us GEORGE X GARDNER. 

(signed) mark 

Niathaniel Niles her 

Ebenezer Niles TABITHA X GARDNER. 

James Kinyon mark 

The above Signed persons personally appeared this 29th Day of Jan- 
uary, 1708-9, and acknowledged the above written Deed of gift to be 
their volentary act and Deed. 



George (i). 

Nicholas, son of George and Herodias (Hicks) Gardner, was born 
about 1654; died probably in the year 1712 as the town council of Kings- 
town in that year granted letters of administration on his estate to his 
son Nicholas Gardner, Jr. In the year 1714, Nicholas Gardner appeared 
before the town council and asked not to be required to make account 
until the next council, and informs the said council that as his father 
had died intestate, he was with information in relation to the estate, and 
that he believed th«at his father in his life time intended that his estate 
should be divided between himself and his two brothers, and, that he 
proposed that his brother George should have one thousand acres of 
land, and his brother Exekiel, the farm on the Great Plain. I, therefore, 
conclude he had three sons. His wife was Hannah. 

Children : 




1671, May 19, Nicholas Gardner took oath of allegiance, the same 
year he bought land of John Porter. 

1673, Nov. 2, he bought of John and H'erodras Porter, 100 acres of 

1679, July 29, he signed the petition to the King. 

1701, Mar. 26, he and wife Hannah for 48 Pounds, sold Joha 
Thomas, of Jamestown, certain lands in Kings Town. 

171 1, Mar. 12, he testified as to certain lands calling age fifty seven 
years or thereabouts. 

1712, Administration was granted to son Nicholas. 

George (i). 

William Gardner, son of George, Sr., and Herodias (Hicks) Gardnei, 
died 171 1. Married Elizabeth. — Their children were: 









In 1671, Jan. 21st, he bought 200 acres of John Porter, calling him- 
self "Son of George Gardner of Newport." As he must at that time have 
been twenty one years of age he would have been born about 1650. 

In 1679 he signed the petition to the King. 

In 1688 he was Constable and the same year Juryman. 

1707, May 23, he deeded son and daughter Joseph and Ann Hull, 204 
acres for love, &c. 



1706, Jan. 8, he deeded land to son John Gould and Elizabeth his 

A copy of what remains of the will of William Gardner is herein 


Book 1-5, Page 105. North Kingstown records. 

during her Natural Life 

y son William also one half of my hou. 

unto my wife one half of my Stock of 

one. half of my household Goods to be at her disposal. 

.ing forty Pounds She shall pay to my Daugh 

ecca out of my movable Estate now Given her 

comes of age or Day of marriage — . . . • 

unto my Daughter Rebecca my Negro girL 

.1 and forty pounds in Money to be paid her 

out of the half of my Elstate above Expressed 

unto my Daughter Susannah fifty Acres of 

the Great Neck and twenty pounds in Money to. . . 

y my Executor hereafter Niamed — - 

I give my Daughter Dorcas my Negro 

thirty five pounds in Money to be paid by my 

give unto my Daughter Tabethy Sixty pounds in. . . 

.to be paid her by my Executor- 

I gpive unto my Daughter Rachel half my. ; 

d noe in my Son-in-Laws John Goulds possession , 

pounds in money to be paid by my Son John 

upon paying to Rachel Sixty Pounds to be 

Gould there my son Gould shall have 

give unto my Daughter Eliza. Wife of John Gould 

pounds in Money to be paid her by my Executor 

unto Hbnar Huling Daughter to Alexander 

pounds in money to be paid her by my Executor 

my well beloved son William Gardner 

ments Wills 

any ways before this time named 

attested Ratifying and Confirming this 

my last Will and Testament In Witness 

hereunto Set my hand and Seal this Eigh 

day of January in the yeare of our Lord God one Thou 

seven hundred and tenn or Eleven 


Signed Sealed Published Pronounced 
and Declared by William Gardner as his 
Last Will and Testament signed in the 
presence of us the subscribers (viz) 
Benony X Gardner 

Elizabeth Huling 
Alexander Huling , 


Mr. Benony Gardner, Mrs. Elizabeth Ruling, Mr. Alexander Ruling ap- 
peared the 1 2th Day of March, Domino and Declared that they saw 
William Gardner E>eceased Sign Seal and Declare this Instrument to be 

his Last will and Testament 

he was in his right sense at the signing. . . . 

and appeared before the Town Council of Kingstown. . . . 

Day of March, 1710-11 

WILLIAM RALL, Clerk of Council. 


Book 3, Page 40. South Kingstown records. 

Written Februairy 24, 1736-7. To son William Gardner the sum of 
Forty Shillings. 

To William Gardner my Grandson the Sum of Five pounds money 
as afore sd, to be paid by Executor. 

To Grand daughter Tabitha Avery the sum of Forty Shillings. 
To Grandson John Gardner a Bible with Silver Clasps. 
To Grandson Thomas Gardner Forty Shillings Money as aforesaid 
to be paid by my Executor. 

To Grand daughter Desire Gardner Little red Trunk. 
To Susannah King my Granddaughter Five pounds and all the rest 
of my Estate that remains after paying all the Legacies, Funeral Charges 
&c. herein mentioned. 

To Grand daughter Marberry Potter Eight pounds Money as afore- 

I give and bequeath unto my Grand children Thomas, Susannah and 
Mary Patter Fifty Shillings to each and Every one of them to be paid 
to them by my Executor. 

Son William Gardner Executor. 

George Douglas 
Mary Watson 
John Ball. 


George (i), 

Dorcas, daughter of George and Herodias (Hicks) Gardner, mar- 
ried John Watson. He was a tailor. In 1687 he was constable. 1688 on 
the Grand Jury. 1690 Conservator of the peace also Deputy. 

Children : 

John born July 22, 1676. 

Samuel, died Nov. 25, 1799, record of his death says aged 93. 







George (i), 

Samuel Gardner, son of George and Herodias (Hicks) Gardner, 
married Elizabeth. He died 1696. She died 1697. 
One child was born to them. 
Samuel, born October 28, 1685. 


George (i), 

Joseph Gardner, son of George and Herodias (Hicks) Gardner, mar- 
ried Catherine Holmes, Nov. 30, 1693, daughter of John and Frances 
(Holden) Holmes, born 1669. Died Aug. 22, 1726. She was born 1673, 
died October 28, 1758. Both are buried in Newport Cemetery. 

Their children were: 

John, born September 17, 1697. Died 1764. 

Robert, bom August 16, 1699. 

Francis, born September 7, 1701. 

Joseph, born April 7, 1703. 

George, born February 4, 1705. 

Catharin, born February i, 1707. 

Lydia, born March 2, 1709. 

William, born 171 1. Married Mary Cam 

James, born 1713. Married Eliza Sanford. 

Mary, born 17 18. 


Book I, Page 217. Providence, R I., records of Deed. 

To all persons to whom these presents shall come I Joseph Gardner 
Now Resident in Newport in ye Colony of Rhode Island & Providence 
plantation &c. Sends Greetings Know ye That I ye Said Joseph Gardner 
for a Valuable Consideration unto me in hand payed by William Haw- 
kings of Providence in the Colony aforesaid the Receipt whereof I doe 
hereby acknowledge & therewith doe owne my self to be fully satisfied 
Contented & Payd have Granted, bargained Aliened & Sold & by these 
Presents for me my heirs Executors and Administrators doe fully 
Clearly & Absolutely, Grant, Alien, Bargaine, sell & Confirm unto the 
Said William Hawkings his Heirs and Assigns forever a Certain piece 
of Land Containing by Estomation twelve acres and it Situated Lieing 
& being in the Towneship of Newport it being the Land which George 
Gardner's Deceased, father, to the said Joseph Gardner & Peregrin as 
by said Will may move at large appeare, To have & to hold the Said 
land together with all & Singular the Comons, libertys & Privileges ad- 
vantages, ways and Commodityes whatsoever, thereunto belonging as 
appertaining unto ye Said William Hawkings his heirs & Assigns forever 
to ye only proper use & behoofe of ye said William Hawkings his heirs 
and Assigns forever And further ye Said Joseph Gardner for him self 
his Heirs Executors & Administrators do hereby Covenant & Promise 
to & with ye said William Hawlkings & his H-eirs — Said land hereby 
granted viz., all Privelidges & appertenances thereunto belonging shall 
hereafter ever be & Remaine in the possession of him, the said William 


Hawkin-gs his Heirs or Assignes without the lett hindrances or Molesta- 
tion of me the said Joseph Gardner or any person Clayming from by or 
under me. And I the said Joseph Gardner the said land above by these 
presents Granted together with all & singular the premises thereunto 
blonging Unto him the said William' Hawkings his Heirs & Assigns 
against Me my Heirs & Assigns will warrant & defend by these pres- 
ents & Memorandum Its agreed by these within Named, in Case the 
said Joseph Gardner his Heirs or Assignes do they not Molest or hinder 
the said William Hawkings his heirs or Assignes in a Certain parcel of 
Land Made over to the said William Hawkings his Heirs & Assignes 
forever as by a Certain Deed of Sale from the said Joseph Gardner may 
move at large appeare; then this present deed of sale to be voyd & of 
None Efect or else to Remaine in full force & Virtue; in Wittnes where- 
of I have hereunto Sett my hand and Seale this Ninth day of January 
in the yeare of our Lord God 1691 & in th fourth yeare of their Maj- 
estyes Reigne William & Mary King & Queen of England &c. 
Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us 
Samuel Whipple, 
William Turpin. 


George (i), 

Lydia Gardner, daughter of George and Lydia (Ballou) Gardner, 
married Joseph Smith. 

The following is from the early records of the town of Providence, 
R. I. : "Upon the 4th day of April in ye yeare 1689 Joseph Smith (the 
weaver) & Liddia Gardner, (after lawfull publication) were both joyned 
together in Marriage by Richard Arnold, both partyes belonging to 

Their children were: 

Israel, born at Providence, R. I., January 13, 1689-90. 

Liddia, bom July 25, 1692. 

Sarah, born at Providence, R. I., May 24, 1694. 

Joseph, born at Providence, R. I., December 18, 1695. 

Robert, born at Providence, R. I., May 3, 1697-8. 

Alice, born at Providence, R. L, January 25, 1699-1700. 

William, born at Providence, R. I., March 15, 1702-3. 

David, born at Providence, R. I., December 10, 1705. 

Jeremiah, bom at Providence, R. I., 1707-8. 

George (i), 

Mary Gardner, daughter of George and Lydia (Ballou) Gardner, 
Married Archibald Walker. 

The following is from the early records of the town of Providence, 
Rhode Island: 


"Archibald Walker & Mary Gardner Were both joyned together in 
marriage July ye i8th, 1690." 

Charles W., born at Providence, R. I., May 6, 1691. 
Susanna, born at Providence, R. I., September 28, 1695. 
Abigail, born at Providence, R. I., January 15, 1699. 
Hezekiah, born at Providence, R. I., March 14, 1701-2. 
Nathan, bom at Providence, R. I., June 26, 1704. 
Ann, born at Providence, R. I., February 14, 1709. 

Book I9 Page 22. Providence, R I., records. 

Received from my fath-er-in-law Williams Hawkins of Providence 
the sum of Thirteen ^o^nds in Money-pay And is the full of Twenty 
pounds Current pay bequeathed to me by the last will of my father 
George Gardner of Nlewport on Rhode Island (Deceased) as wittness 
my hand this 30th day of November, 1683. 

Thomas Ward. (signed) MARY GARDNER. 

John Stanton. mark 

George (i), 

Robert Gardner, son of George Gardner and Lydia (Ballou) Gard- 
ner was born May i, 1672, and died May, 1731. Was born probably at 
Newport. Was an ensign in the Rhode Island troops and a member of 
the legislature. He was a naval officer and collector of the port of New- 

He was an active churchman. His name was on the petition to the 
board of trade, requesting aid in getting a clergyman for Newport. 

This was before the Society for Ptopagating the Gospel was formed 
in England ; before this time all missionary work had been done by the 
government of England, as the church did not seem to know that she 
had any thing to do with missions. She had few, if any, foreign mission- 
aries after the conversion of Germany. The name of Robert Gardner 
occurs in the following petition found in Arnold's history of Rhode 
Island : 

**To his Excellency Richard, Earle of Belmont, Capt. General and 
Gov. in Chiefe in and over the provinces of Massachusetts Bay, New 
York and Newhampshire and the territory es thereon depending in 
America, and Vice Admiral of the same. 

The humble Petition of the People of the Church of England now 
residing in Rhode Island, — 
Sheweth : 

That your Petitioners ai\d other inhabitants within this Island hav- 
ing agreed and concluded to erect a church for Worship of God accord- 
ing to the discipline of the church of England, and tho' we are disposed 
and ready to give all the encouragement we possibly can to a Pious and 
learned Minister to settle and abide amongst us, yet by reason we are 
not in a capacity to contribute to such an Hon'ble maintenance as may 
be requisite and expedient. Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray 
that your Lordship will be pleased so farr to favour our undertakings 
as to intercede with his Majesty for bis gracious letters to this Govern- 


ment, on our behalf to protect and encourage us and that some assistance 
towards the present maintenance of a Minister among us may be granted 
as your E'xcellency in your great wisdom shall think most meet, and 
that your Excellency will also be pleased to write in our behalf and 
favour to the Lords of Council of Trade and Plantation, or to such 
Minister of State as your Excellency shall judge convenient in and 
about the premises. 

And your Petitioners in duty bound will ever pray, 

Gabriel Bernon, 
Piere Ayroult, 
Thomas Fox, 
George Cutler, 
Wm. Pease, 
Edwin Carter, 
Fra. Pope, 
Richard Rowland, 
Wm. Bemley, 
Isaac Martindale, 
Robert Gardner, 
Thos. Payne, 
Thomas Malleth, 
Robert Wrightington, 
Anthy. Blount, 
Thomas Little bridge. 
This petition was delivered at Newport, 26th Sept. 1699. 
The name of Robert Gardner also occurred in the following letter 
which is among the earliest documents extant relating to the Rhode 
Island Church, which is found in the Churchman's Year Book for 1870. 
The Ministers and Church Wardens of Rhode Island to the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gospel in F. Parts, institute A. D. 1701. 

Rhode Island, 29th Sept., 1702. 
Honored Sirs: 

We can not forebear expressing our great joy in being under the 
patronage of so Honorable a corporation through whose pious endea- 
vours with God's assitance, the Church of England hath so fair a pros- 
pect of flourishing in the more remote parts of the world, and amongst 
the rest of her small branches, ours also in Rhode Island. We therefore. 
Honored Sirs, beg leave to tell you that we look upon ourselves as under 
your pious care, and accordingly presume to trouble you with small 
account of our affairs. Olir church is but young, it not being four years 
yet completed since we began to assemljle ourselves together on that 
occasion ; upon which account the number of such men as can be relied 
upon to defray the charges of it, is but small at present ; altho' there are 
a good many that constantly attend our worship regularly. 

The place wherein we meet is finished outside, all but the steeple 
which we will get up as soon as we are able; the inside is pew'd well, 
altho' not beautiful ; we have also got an altar, where we have had the 
communion administered twice to our great joy and satisfaction, chusing 
rather to partake of that Holy Sacrament without these necessary con- 
veniences that the table in England furnished with (well knowing that 
they add not to the worthiness of the guests) rather than be without it, 
not but we are sensible they add much to the decency and order of it. 
The place wherein we live is one of the Chief Nurseries of Quakerism, 


in all America, but now we have some reason to hope that the Rev. 
Mr. Keith by God's assisting his skill on that disease hath pretty well 
curbed (if not quite stopped) so dangerous gangrene. Their behaviour 
to us outwardly is almost as civil as is consistent with their religion. 
Although slyly and underhand we are sensible they would pinch us in 
the bud. 

But thanks be to God who hath put it past their power; in that he 
hath not only raised us up a Queene that is truly a nursery mother but 
hath blessed us also with the protection of so honorable Corporation ; 
two such encouragements as (by the assistance of God's Grace) are able 
not only to invigorate our endeavours toward the Promoting of God's 
true Religion and worship, but flushed us likewise with the hopes of 

Thus Honored Sirs, we have laid before you the circumstances of 
our Church, delivering them unto your hands to do for us what you 
think best, only begging leave to assure your Honors that whatsoever 
favors you are pleased to bestow upon us towards the Promoting our 
Church, shall be accepted with the humblest Gratitude and seconded 
with the utmost of our abilities, and so we remain Honored Sirs, 
Wm. Brimley, Warden. Your most obedient Servants to command, 
Rob't Gardner, Warden. JOHN LOCKIER. 

Robert Gardner is buried in Trinity church yard, near the east end 
of the Church, the inscription on his tomb reads as follows: 

"Here lieth intered the body of Robert Gardner, Esq., who was one 
of the first promoters of the church in this place; he survived all his 
brethren and had the happiness to see the church completely finished. 

**He was naval officer and collector of this port for many years, also 
employed in the affairs of this Colony, and discharged his trust to satis- 
faction. He died ye ist of May 1731, the day of his birth, aged 69 years." 

George (i). 

Jeremiah Gardner, son of George and Lydia (Ballou) Gardner, was 
born about 1673. 

He was probably married twice for September 23, 1712, a daughter 
was born in Newport to Jeremiah and Sarah Gardiner. His second wife 
was Grace. As the name, Lawton, appears in the list of his grandchil- 
dren probably her maiden name was Lawton. She died Feb. 12, 1776. 

Benjamin Gardiner was administrator of her estate. 

The children by Grace were : 

Elizabeth, born Nov. 26, 1714. Married John Cottrell. 

Freelove, born Feb. 28, 17 16. Married John Albro. 

Jeremiah, born Jan. 28, 1719. Married Tabitha Gardner, daughter 
of Nicholas (3). 

Phebe, born Oct. 26, 1722. Married Samuel Browning, Jr., died, 
June, 1810. 

Sarah, born April 6, 1725. Married Simeon Babcock, 1743. 

Dorcas, born December 28, 1727. Married Dr. Benjamin Waite. 

Abigail, born June 23, 1731. Married Samuel Cottrell. 

Desire, born Nov, 6, 1734. Married Elisha Clark, April 10, 1763, 


Penelope, born Nov. ii, 1737. Married William Hiscox, Jr. 

James, born Nov. 11, 1737. 

Grace Gardner died 1776 and letters of administration were grafted 
to her grandson, Benjamin. 

Sarah Gardner mentioned as child of first wife died young and 
daughter by second wife was named same. 

August 7, 1 71 1, Jeremiah Gardiner of Newport (Weaver) bought 
133 acres in Kingstown of Mary Young. In April 20, 1714, he bought 
180 acres of Isaac Gardner and in 17 16, January 9, he bought 70 acres of 
John Congdon. 

George (i). 

Peregrine Gardner, son of George and Lydia (Ballou) Gardner. We 
have no record of the date of his birth. History states he never married. 

The following little sketch may be of interest to the reader : 

Some reminiscences of how, when and where the "young idea was 
taught to shoot" in olden times; the late Hon. William Staples says in 
his **Annalls of Providence:" 

'The first schoolmaster in Providence of whom any memorial remains 
was William Turpin. When he came is not known, but he was here 
tile nth day of June, 1684. On that day he executed an indenture with 
William Hawkins and Lydia His wife .(widow of George Gardner, Sr.), 
in which he covenanted to furnish Peregrine Gardner with board and 
schooling for one year, for six pounds, forty shillings of which in beef 
and pork; pork at two pence, and beef at three pence half penny per 
pound ; twenty shillings in corn at two shillings per bushel and the bal- 
ance in silver money. He was to be instructed in reading and writing. 

"This instrument is in the handwriting of Mr. Sdhoolmaster Turpin 
and exhibits plenary proof of his ability to teach writing. It also proves 
conclusively that schoolmasters in those days were not very exorbitant 
in their demands." 

Benony (2), George (i). 

Nathaniel Gardner, son of Benony and Mary Gardner, was born 
about 1674, died 1734. Married Mary . 

Their children were: 

Benjamin, born February 26, 1705. 

Mary, bom Nov. 30, 1707. 

Penelope, born 1709. 

Dorcas, born June 10, 1712. 

Nathaniel, born June 16, 1714. 

Job, bom July 23, 1723. 

In 1705 his father gave him by deed one hundred acres, being the 
H-est half of the farm where Benony then lived. 

August 25, 1731. Nathaniel Gardner Deeds to George Gardner a 
piece of land Situated Lying and Being in South Kingstown containing 
Thirty Acres being part of Sd. Nathaniel Gardner's farm bounded Eas- 


terly upon John Dalton, Southerly upon a highway & Westerly on the 

Sd. Nathaniel Gardner's farm. Nbrtfierly on Nicholas Gardner's farm 

Together with all rights privileges &c. 

Dorcas Tibbits. (signed) 


Mary M Stanton. her 


John Pennel. mark 

Will of Nathaniel Gardner. 

In the Name of God amen. The Thirty first Day of January, A. D. 
1734, I, Nathaniel Gardner, of South Kingstown in Kings County in the 
Colony of Rhode Island & providence plantation &c. yeoman, being 
grown Very week In body but of Perfect mind and Memory thanks be 
given unto God Therefor Calling unto mind the Mortality of my body 
and Knowing tliat it is appointed for All men Once to Dye Do make 
and ordain this my Last Will and Testament That is to Say principally 
and first of all I give And Recommend my Soule into the hands of god 
that Gave it and my body I Recommend to the earth to be Burried in 
Decent Christian Burial at the Discretion of my Executrix and Executor 
hereafter Mentioned Nbthing doubting but at the general Resurrection 
I shall Receive the Same Again by the Mighty power of God & as 
touching such worldly Estates wherewith it hath pleased Good to bless 
me with in this life I give Demise and Dispose of the Same in the 
following manner and form — 

• I will and order that all my just Debets be first paid by my Execu- 
trix and Executor hereafter named out of my personal Estate in some 
Convenient time after my Decease. 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Loving wife Mary Gardner the one 
third part of my homestead Whereon I now Live Lying in said Town 
with one third part of my Orchard And Dwelling house for and During 
the Time that She shall Remain my widow Excepting that she shall 
see Cause to Chouse any one Room in Sd. House in Liew of the sd. 
Third part of sd. House Aforementioned. 
Item — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my sd. Wife Two of my Milch cows Such 
as She Shall se Cause to Chuse out of all my Cows and I all so Give 
my sd. wife one Riding mare That She Usually Rideth upon and one 
Bridle & side Sadie and farther more I give to my said Wife With Two 
Feather Beds with the Bed steds and furniture Belonging to Sd. two 
Beds and I all so give to my sd. Wife the one half of all the Remaining 
part of my Household Goods Excepting those particular things that I 
gave or shall hereafter give to Some of my Children in this my Last will 
and Testament. 

I give and Bequeath unto my Loving Son Benjamin Gardner and 
to his heirs and Assigns forever all That my farm or Tract of Land 
Situated Lying and being in the New purchase in the town ship of East 
Greenwich & Containing by Estamation Two hundred and Twenty two 
Acres and is the third farm in the Second Division in sd. purchase Buted 
and bounded as foUoweth viz. Northerly and Westerly on two high- 


ways South on the Land of John McCoun. East partly on the Land 
of Anthony Low and partly on Land of Henry Summers as it is Laid 
Down per the platt of Sd. Purchase made by William Hall Surveyor and 
farthermore I give and bequeath unto my Sd. son Benjamin Gardner 
one hundred pounds in Good passable Bills of Credit in Sd. Colony to 
be Levied and paid out of my Estate in Sd. South Kingstown by my 
Executrix and Executor within one year after my Decease. 
Item — 

I give and give and bequeath unto my Loving Son Nathaniel Gard- 
ner and to his heirs and assigns forever all the Westermost half of my 
homestead farm whereon I now Live Lying in South Kingstown aforesd. 
with all the houseings standing upon sd. half of sd. Farm. 

I Give and Bequeath unto my Loving Son Job Gardner And to his 
heirs and Assigns forever all the Eastermost half of my Aforesd. Home- 
stead farm Lying in Sd South Kingstown whereon I now Live as aforesd. 
And it is to be Understood that my will and Mind is that my aforesd. 
Son Nathaniel Gardner shall have the Use and Improvement of that 
half of my sd. farm which I have hereafore given unto my Said Son Job 
Gardner until my Son Job shall come to the age of twenty-one. 
And furthermore my will is that my Said Son Nathaniel Gardner shall 
not Cutt nor suffer to be Cutt any of the wood or Timber that is grow- 
ing upon Sd. Elastermost half of my Sd Home Sted farm while my Son 
Job Gardner shall come to the age of Twenty one years Nor Carry of 
Any of the hay that shall hereaftergrow upon sd. Eastermost half of Sd. 
farm while he hath the improvement as aforsd. 
Item — 

I give and Bequeath unto my two Sons Nathaniel Gardner and Job 
Gardner the Cedar and Chestnutt Rails and poles which I now have 
upon my aforsd Homested farm to be Equally Divided between them 
when my son Job shall Come to the age of Twenty one years. And it 
is to be farther understood that my will Mind is that if Either of my 
two sons Nathaniel Gardner or Job Gardner before he or they Shall 
Come to the Age of Twenty one Years or without Lawfull Issue that 
then his half of my Aforsd. Homested Farm Shall go to the Longest 
Surveyour of them and to his heirs And Assigns forever. 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my sd. Son Nathaniel Gardner My Negro 
man Named Bristo and my Negro Woman named Tene and my Large 
bible and my Gilded Trunk and my Satchel my woosted Combs and my 
Razor and whone and all my powdering Tubbs and Likewise all my 
negroes beding and my Case and Case Bottles and all so I give him my 
black mare which I Commonly ride upon and Bridle and Sadie. 
Item — 

I give and Bequeath unto My sd. son Job Gardner one hundred 
pounds in passable Bills of Public Credit in the Colony aforsd. to be 
Levied and Paid out of my Estate in sd. South Kingstown by my sd. 
Son Nathaniel Gardner when my said Son Job Gardner shall come to the 
Age of Twenty one years. 

I give and Bequeath unto my Loving Daughter Mary Kenyon one 
of my feather beds with the bed stid and furniture that belongs to one 
of my Sd. Beds And I all so Give to my Sd Daughter Mary Twenty 
pounds in bills of passable Credit in the Colony aforsd. to be Raised 


Levied and paid out of my Estate by my Executrix and Executor here- 
after named within one year after my Decease. 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Loving Daughter Dorcas Tibbits one 
of my feather beds with the bed sted and furniture that belongs to one 
of my said beds and I all so Give unto my Said Daughter Dorcas Tib- 
bits Twenty pounds in Bills of public Credit in the Colony aforsd. to 
be Raised Levied and paid Out of my Estate by my Ebcecutrix and 
Executor hereafter named within one year after my Decease and All so 
I give her one Case of Draws. 
Item — 

I give Unto my two Daughters Mary Kenyon and Dorcas Tibbits 
the one other half of my Household Goods which I have not particularly 
given away or mentioned in this my Last Will and Testament to be 
Equally Divided between them And Furthermore My will is and I do 
Order that my Sd. son Nathaniel Gardner shall at his own Cost and 
Charge find for his mother Sufficient firewood Ready Cutt and Carted 
to her Door to burn in her Said Room in Sd. House All the time that 
his mother shall Remain my Widow. 

And further my will is and I Do Order that my son Nathaniel 
Gardner Shall Allow to his mother the use of negro man Bristow to 
hoe corn for her every year that she Shall Remain my widow, at any 
time when She Shall want him most for that Service And it is to be 
Known and understood that my will and Mind that what I have before 
given and bequeathed unto my Sd. wife in this my Last will and Testa- 
ment is to be In Liew of her thirds and Dowery. 

And furthermore my will is and I do Order that my Son Job Gard- 
ner shall be kept to school Some Reasonable time at the Cost of my 
Executrix and Executor till he is of proper age to be putt on apprentice 
and then to be put on apprentice to Learn Some Good handycraft Trade 
And I do hereby Constitute and Ordain my Loving wife Mary Gardner 
my Executrix and My Loving Son Nathaniel Gardner my E;xecutor of 
thismy Last Will and Testament And I do hereby Utterly Disallow 
Revoke and Disanul All and Every Other former Testament Wills Lega- 
cies and Bequests and Executors by me in any ways before Nam^d 
Willed and Bequeathed Ratifying and Confirming this and no other to 
be my Last Will and Testament. 

IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto Sett my Hand and Seal 
the Day and year above written. 

Signed Sealed Published pronounced 

And Declared by the Said Nathaniel 

Gardner as his last will and Testament 

In the presence of us the subscribers. 




Job Tripp, Abiel Shearman and William Robinson all appeared be- 
fore the Town Council of South Kingstown this loth Day of February 
1734 and Did Declare upon Oath that they did See Nathaniel Gardner of 
Sd. Town Sign Seal and Declare This Will to be his Last Will and 


Testament and That they Signed thereto at the Same time in his pres- 
ence as Wittness And According to the best of their Understanding he 
was in his perfect mind and Memory. 

This will being so proved The Town Council Doth approve of ye 

Inventory taken February lo, 1734 showed 743 pounds. 


George (2), George (i). 

Samuel, son of George and Tabitha (Tefft), Gardiner, married Ann 
Briggs, daughter of Thomas and Martha Briggs. 
Their children were: 
Thomas, born May 5, 1707. 
Samuel, born Apr. 25, 1709. 

John, born Dec. 15, 1717, married Ann Fry, 1740. 
Martha, born May 28, 1723, married Thomas Nichols, Aug. 13, 1741. 
Henry, born March 23, 1725, married Elizabeth Rice, Apr., 1746. 

George (2), George (i). 

John, son of George and Tabitha (Tefft) Gardiner, died 1752. Mar- 
ried Mary Rathbun, 1717. She was the daughter of Joseph and Mary 
(Mosher) Rathbun, of New Shoreham. She was born March 6, 1697. 

Their children were: 

May, born 17 18. 

Margaret, "born May 7, 1720, married Isaac Gardiner, 1736. 

Tabitha, married Gideon Gardner. 

John, born July 27, 1727, married Amy . 

George (2), George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of George and Tabitha (Tefft) Gardiner, died 
1756. Married Josiah Wescott Jan. 18, 1701. He was born 1675; died 
Nov. II, 1721. She married (2) Thomas Burlingame. 

Children were: 

Nicholas, born Aug. 27, 1702. 

Hannah, born Aug. 11, 1704. 

Tabitha, born Dec. 7, 1706, married Stetely Wescott, Apr. 15, 1725. 
He died Oct. 8, 1726. 

Josiah, bom March 6, 1709. 

Nathan, born March 23, 171 1. 

Damaris, born June 12, 1713. 

Caleb, born Dec. 6, 1716. 

Oliver, born Sept. 5, 1720. 


Joseph (2), George (i). 

John, son of Joseph and Katherin (Hiolmes) Gardiner, was born 
Sept. 7, 1697. Jeffry Watson in his diary under date Jan. 29, 1764,* says: 


"This morning the Hon. John Gardiner, Deputy Governor, departed 
this life. He is to be buried the second day of February." 

1736 he was Deputy, 1743 to 48 he was General Treasurer, and in 
1756 he was ^elected Deputy Governor to succeed Governor Jonathan 
Nichols who *died in office. He also died in offite. 

He married Frances Sanford, October 23, 1720. She was the daugh- 
ter of John and Frances (Clark) Sanford and granddaughter of Jeremiah 
and Ann Clark. She was born Jan. 13, 1702-3. 

Their children were : 

Frances, married William Benson Olct. 3, 1745. 

Lydia, married Rodman, son of Samuel and Mary (Willett) 


Katharin, married Thomas Rodman July 6, 1750. He was born 

Elizabeth, married Capt. Peter Wanton. 

Mary, died May 8, 1788, was (2) wife of Benjamin Wickham. 

Sanford, married Ann Newton Dec. 4, 1760. 


Joseph (2), George (i). 

George, son of Joseph and Catherine (Hojmes) Gardner, was born 
June 4, ^1704. He married Mary Thurston, daughter of William. 
Their children were: 

Joseph, born July, 1727; died Aug. 8, 1727. 
Daughter, died Oct. 17, 1729. 
William Thurston, born July 7, 1732. 
Abigail, died June 6, 1764, aged 22 years. 

Joseph (2), George (i). 

Catherin, daughter of Joseph and Catherine (Holmes) Gardner, was 
born February i, 1707. She married Edward Thurston. 

Their children were: 

Susannah, born 1728; died March 14, 1830. 

Susannah, born 1733; died May 10, 1736. 

Edward G., born 173 — . He was a Free Will Baptist preacher near 
Prov., R. I. 

John, born 1734, married Mary Brett. 

Catherin, born 1736; married Watson, March 19, 1761. She had 
sons : John, Edward Thurston. 

Joseph (2), George (i). 

Robert, son of Joseph and Kjatherin (Holmes) Gardner, was born 

Aug. I, 1690; married Ann • . 

He was admitted freeman of Newport 1722. 

One child. 

Freelove, born Oct. 24, 1727; married Wiliam Eiaston. 


Jeremiah (a), George (i). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Jeremiah and Grace ( ) Gardner, was 

born November 26, 1714; married John Cottrell about 1732. 
Their children were: 
Elizabeth, born April 6, 1733. 

Hannah, born May 4, 1735; married Elias Burdick, Jan. 17, 1754. 
Dorcas, born May 4, 1737; married Carey Burdick Dec. 27, 1754. 
Thomas, born Sept. 4, 1739. 
Benjamin, born Sept. 14, 1742. 
John, born March 12, 1745. 


-) Gardner, was 

Jeremiah (a), George (i). 

Freelove, daughter of Jeremiah and Grace (- 
born July 28, 1716; married John Aldro. 
Their children were: 
Jeremiah, married Mary Tefft Oct. 15, 1758. 

Eunice, married James Whit . 

A daughter. 


Jeremiah (2), George (i). 

Phebe, daughter of Jeremiah and Grace ( ) Gardner, was born 

October 26, 1722; married Samuel Browning, Jr. She died June 15, 1810. 
Their children were: 
Child, born June 3, 1743. 
Child, born Nov. 6, 1745. 
Child, born Dec. 5, 1748. 
Child, born Dec. 19, 1751. 

William, born July 21, 1754; married Sarah Cole Dec. 13, 1787. 
Gardner, born May 31, 1761 ; died July 23, 1817. 


Jeremiah (2), George (i). 

Sarah, daughter of Jeremiah and Grace ( ) Gardner, was born 

April 6, 1725; married Simeon Babcock, October 3, 1743. 
Their children were : 
Eunice, born Oct. 3, 1744. 
Jeremiah, bom March 16, 1746. 
Thomas Browning, born July 21, 1748. 
Lucy, born June 11, 1750. 
Dorcas, born Dec. 3».i7S3- 


Jason, born July 9, 1756. 
Lydia, born June 20, 1759. 
Hannah, born Apr. 28, 1762. 
Lucas, born Apr. 24, 1765. 

Jonathan, born April 18, 1768; married Prissella of Stonington, 

Ct., Feb. 20, 1795. 

Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Nicholas Gardner, Jr., son of Nicholas and Hannah Gardner, 

was born at South Kingstown, R. I. Died at North Kingstown April 6, 
1743. Married Mary A., daughter of Thomas Eldredge, October 13, 1709. 

Their children were: 

Nicholas, born Dec. 6, 1710. 

Ezekiel, born Sept. 29, 171 2. 

Sylvester, born Aug. 3, 1714. 

Hannah, born Sept. 2, 1717. 

Amey, born June 17, 1723. 

Susannah, born 19, 1725. 

Thomas, born Oct. i, 1729. 

Dorcas, born Mar. 27, 17 — . 

He was known as Nicholas of North Kingstown or Nicholas of 
Exeter. Together with William Hall, Nathan Pierce and John Albro 
he laid out the northwestern boundary of the Pettaquamscutt Purchase. 
About 1737 he moved from the "rock farm" at South KJngstown and 
passed the remaining six years of his life with his son Sylvester, at 
Gardner's Four Corners. 

In 1732 he was a member of the Town Council. 

June II, 1734, he was one of the appraisers of the estate of William 

In 1732 he gave receipt to Eldredge, administrator of the estate 

of his father, Thomas Eldredge, for his share of the property, his wife 
being daughter of Thomas Eldredge. 

In 1753 he died and left the following will: 

IN THE NAME^OF GOD AMEN, the twenty sixth day of March 
Annoque one Thousand Seven hundred and Forty three and in the Six- 
teenth year of his majestyes Reign George the Second King of Grat 
Brittain, I Nicholas Gardner of Exeter in the County of Kings 
in the Colony of Rhode Island &c. yeoman: Being Sick and weak of 
body but perfect minde and memory Thanks be Rendered to Almighty 
God therefor ; and calling to mind the Mortality of my Body and Know- 
ing that it is appointed For all men once to Dye do make and ordain 
this Instrument To be my Last Will and Testament That is to Say 
Principally and first of all I committ my Soul into the Hands of almighty 
God that gave it, and my body to the Earth To be buried in Decent 
Christian Buriall at the Discression of my Executor hereafter Men- 
tioned :. and as Touching Such Worldly Estate Wherewith it Hath 
pleased God to Bless me with in this Life I give and Dispose of the 
same in the following manner and form — 
Imprimas — 

my will is and I do order That my Executor hereafter mentioned do 
Emediately after my Decease Rent out all my Land being where I now 


Dwell until Such Times as my Son Thomas Shall arrive at the age of 
twenty one years and the Income or Rents of my Said farm I order my 
Executor to Satisfy and pay all my just Debts Therewith. 

I order and my will is That my Two Sons (Viz) Nicholas and 
Ezekiel Gardner do Support there mother Mary Gardner and maintain 
her equally alike as Long as She Remains my widow Which maintain- 
ance Shall be in Liue of her Thirds which She might in any ways Re- 
cover by Law. 

I give and bequeathe To my Loving Son Nicholas Gardner Five 
Shillings in passable bills of Public Creditt to be paid by my Bxeecutor 
hereafter Named out of my estate as my money becomes due to me from 
my Son Ezekial Gardner ; to his Heirs and assigns for Ever he haveing 
already Received his portion. 

I Give and bequeathe unto my Son Ezekial Gardner the Sum of five 
Shillings in passable bills of Public Credit to be paid by my Executor 
out of my Estate as my money Becomes due to me from my Said Son 
Ezekiel to his Heirs and assigns for Ever he haveing allready Received 
his portion — 

I give and Bequeath unto my Son Sylvester Gardner my Negro boy 
Xamed Cuff to him his Hleirs and assigns for Ever — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my son Thomas Gardner all my Farm 
whereon I now Dwell Lying and being in the Town of Exeter after he 
arrives to the age of Twenty one years to him his heirs and assigns for 
Ever — 

I do order and my will is that my Executor Emediately after my 
Decease do put out my Said Son Thomas Gardner to Some Good Trade 
as my Said Executor may think fitt — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my Loving Daughter Hannah Sweet 
widow to John Sweet Deceased one Hundred pounds in Good Passable 
Bills of Creditt to be paid and Levied out of my Elstate by my Executor 
hereafter Named at the Ebcpiration or end of Seven years after my De- 
cease — 

I give and Bequeath unto my Loving Daughter Amy Gardner one 
Hundred pounds in bills of Publick Creditt to be paid out of my Estate 
by my Executor hereafter Named at the end or expiration of Two years 
from the Date hereof as also one Negro Gairle Named Pegg and my 
black mare and Sidesadle and bridle which I bought for her; and also 
my best Bed and bedsted and all other furniture thereunto Belonging — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my Loveing Daughter Susannah Gard- 
ner one Hundred pounds in bills of Publick Creditt To be out of my 
Estate by my Executor hereafter named at the End or Expiration of 
Three years from the Date hereof — as also one Niegro gairle Named fillis 
and my will is That my Negro fillises Child Suck until Such Time as 
Said Child is fitt to weene— 


Item — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my Son Thomas Gardner my Negro Child 
Named Cezar to him his heirs and assigns for Ever — 
Item — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my Loving Daughter Dorcas Gardner 
one Hundred pounds in Passable bills of Creditt To be paid out of my 
Estate by my Executor hereafter Named at the End and Expiration 
of foure years from the date hereof for hir and hir own Disposall ; that 
is to Say to be put to Intrust for hir at That time by my Sons Nicholas 
and Exekiel Gardner. 

I Give and Bequeath unto my Deare and Loveing Wife Mary 
Gardner that Bed that we Lye on to and for hir owne Disposall as all 
furniture thereunto belonging — 
Item — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my two Daughters Susannah and Dorcas 
Gardner all the Beds and beding that I have not before by this Instru- 
ment already Disposed of To be Equally Devided between them as also 
all the Feathers that I have I Give to my Said Daughters to be Equally 
Devided between them. 

I Give and Bequeath and my will is that all my Iron Puter and brass 
ware be Equally Devided between my three Daughters Namely, Susan- 
nah Amy and Darkas Gardner To them and at There own Disposal — 

I Give and Bequeath and my will is That all my Chanes Axes Betle 
and Wedges hoas and Streak of the Cart wheals and Plows and plow- 
Irons be Equally Devided Between my two sons Nicholas and Thomas 
Gardner, and I give to my Son Sylvester Gardner my Grindstone and 
hone, and I likewise Give to my Son Sylvester Gardner my old Rone 
mare and if Said mare Shall this yeare have a Colt, Then my Said Son 
Thomas Gardner Shall have Said Colt when fitt to weene and that the 
mare be not red till Said Colt is fitt to weene — 
Item — 

I Give and Bequeath To my Three Daughters Namely Hannah Amy 
and Susannah Each of them a Silver Spoone — I Give and Bequeath unto 
my Daughter Darkas Gardner my small red Trunk — 
Item^ — 

I Give and Bequeath To my Son Sylvester Gardner all my Swine 
both great and Small — 
Item- — 

my will and meaning is that my Daughter Hannah Sweet have The 
Intrust of the Legacy Given hir after the Expiration of five years which 
will be two years for hir to Receive Intrust — 
Item — 

I Give and Bequeath and do Order That my two Sons Nicholas and 
Exekiel Gardner Shall Sell all my Cattle and Sheepe and That they put 
the money out to Intrust to be Equally Devided amongst all my Daugh- 
ters Namely Hannah Amy Susannah and Darkas only first of all My 
Said Sons paying out of Said mony all the Present Debts that I owe — 

I Do Constitute and appoint my Trusty friend Job Tripp of North 
Kingstown in Kings County To be my only and Sole Executor of this 
my Last will and Testament Rattifying and Confirming this and no 



other to be my Last Will and Testament In witness Whereof I have 
hereunto Set my hand and Seal the Day and year first above Written — 


Signed Sealed Delivered published Pronounced and Declared by 
the Said Nicholas Gardner to be his Last Will and Testament In pres- 
ence of us the Subscribers — 

Subscribers — 

Isaac Gardner 

Palmer X Cleavand 

Benoni Hall 

Mr. Isaac Gardner and Benoni Hall personally appeared before the 
Town in Counsil of Exeter the 12th Day of aprill A. D. 1743; and on 
There Solemn Engagement Declared That They Saw The above Sub- 
scriber Nicholas Gardner Deceased Sign Scale publish pronounce and 
Declare the above Instrument to be his Last Will and Testament and 
that at the Signing thereof he was of a Sound Disposing mind and 
memory and that they two and in his presencee Signed Thereunto as 
witnesses and also Sd. Palmer Cleaveland Signed Thereunto as a Wit- 
ness at the Same time. Signed by the order of the Town Counsell of 
Exeter the 12th Day of aprill 1743. 

(signed) BENONI HALL, T. Gierke. 

A True Copy Took from the origanall Examined and Compared by 
Exekiel Gardner. 

This Instrument is Recorded in the 40, 41, 42, 43, and 44 Pages of 
the book of Records for Wills That Did belong to North Kingstown now 
being in Exeter No. 13 aprill the 14th 1743. 

By Benony Hall T. Gierke. 

This is Recorded Likewise in the 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 pages of the book 
of Records for Wills No. 2 August the 17 a. d. 1744 belonging to Exeter. 

By Benony Hall, T. Gierke. 

George (2), George (i). 

Tabitha, daughter of George and Tabitha (Tefft) Gardner, was born 
Feb. 2, 1687. Died 1760. Married Benjamin Westcott, son of Jeremiah 
and Eleanor Westcott and brother of Josiah. He was born July 4, 1684; 
died 1765. 

Their children were : 


Dorcas, died 1734. Married James Congdon, 


Benjamin, married May Carpenter, April 29, 1733. 


Samuel, born Aug. 28, 1719. 




George (2), George (i). 

George, son of George and Tabitha (Tefft) Gardner, died before his 
father. Married and had a daughter. 

Elizabeth, baptised Aug. 2, 1725. 

She is mentioned in her grandfather's will as only child of his son 
George, deceased. 

Dorcas (2), George (i). 

Samuel Watson, son of John and Dorcas (Gardner) Watson, died 
Nov. 25, 1779. The record of his death says aged 93. He married first, 
Mercy Helme of Rouse and Mary Helme, married second, Hannah Slo- 
cum, widow of Samuel Slocum and daughter of Robert Carr. 

The following were children: 







Mary, married Edward Slocum, Aug. 20, 1774; died 1778. 





Dorcas (2), George (i). 

William Watson, son of John and Dorcas (Gardner) Watson, died 
about 1740. Married Mary Helme, daughter of Rouse and Mary Helme. 
One child was born to them: 

Dorcas (2), George (i). 

Francis Watson, daughter of John and Dorcas (Gardner) Watson, 
died 1726. Married Daniel Brown, son of Jeremiah and Mary Brown. 
He died 1726. 

Children born as follows: 

Elizabeth, born March 13, 1705. 


Mary, bom August 3, 1706. 
Benjamin, born March 16, 1708. 
Daniel, born November 15, 1709. 
Elisha, born January 26, 171 1. 
Dorcas, May 22, 1713. 
John, born February 18, 1714. 
Desire, born January 8, 1723. 


Dorcas (2), George (i). 

Ann Watson, daughter of John and Dorcas (Gardner) Watson, 
married Peter Wells, son of Peter Wells. He was born 1681, died 1732. 
Their children were : 
James, born September 30, 1706. 
Ann, born October 20, 1708. 
Rebecca, bom December 30, 1710. 
Peter, born May 4, 1713. 
John, born April 14, 1716. 
Mary, born 1718. 
Dorcas, born Sept. 17, 1720. 
Samuel, born February 2, 1725. 


Dorcas (2), George (i). 

Herodias Watson, daughter of John and Dorcas (Gardner) Watson, 
married John Sheldon, son of John Sheldon, April 11, 1706. 
John, born February 10, 1707. 
Dorcas, born January 4, 1708. 
George, born May 25, 1709. 
Samuel, born January 15, 1714. 
William, born March 27, 1715. 
Elizabeth, born March 31, 1720. 
Sarah, bom March 26, 1722. 


Benony (2), George (i). 

Bridget, daughter of Benony and Mary ( ) Gardner, was born 

Nov. 8, 1687. Married Job Sherman, son of Samson and Isabel (Tripp) 
Sherman, Dec. 23, 1714. Lived at Portsmouth, R. I. 

Their children were : 

Philip, born Dec. 12, 1715, married Feb. 14, 1744, Alice Sherman. 

Isabella, born Oct. 31, 1717, married John Watson June 26, 1736. 

Mary, born Jan. 16, 1719-20. 

Job, born May 20, 1722. 

Bridget, born July 11, 1724, married John Sherman, Aug. 19, 1747. 
Died Oct. 8, 1753. 

Sarah, born Oct. 29, 1726. 


Alice, born June 25, 1728, married Joshua Earl, of Swansey, May 
12, 1748. 

May, born October 25, 1730. 

Benony. (2), George (i). 

Isaac Gardner, son erf Benony and Mary ( ) Gardner, was born 

January 6, 1687. Married Elizabeth Davis, March 24, 1709. She died 
May 20, 1759. 

Their children were : 

Mary, bom Mar. 30, 171 1. 

Elizabeth, born Mar. 24, 1714-5. 

Sarah, born May 5, 1716. 

Isaac, born May 5, 1718. 

Benony, born May 31, 1720, married Elizabeth, 1741. 

Samuel, born Sept. 27, 1722, married Elizabeth Congdon, May 3, 


Penelope, born July 19, 1725, married William Hall, Oct. 2, 1741. 

Silas, born Oct. 29, 1727, married Hester Congdon, Dec. 20. 

Gideon, born Jan. 8, 1729, married Tabitha Gardner, of John, Sept, 
29, 1750. 

Bridget, born Aug. 21, 1734. 

Benony (2), George (i). 

William Gardner, son of Benony and Mary ( ) Gardner, was 

born 1671. .Died December 4, 1732. Married Abigail Remington, daugh- 
ter of John and Abigail (Richmond) Remington. 

Their children were : 

John, born July 8, 1696; died July 6, 1770, aged 74 years. 

William, born May 21, 1698; died at sea. 

Abigail, born Sept. 24, 1700; died May 22, 1772. 

Hannah, born Dec. 7, 1704. 

Lydia, born June 27, 1706. 

Sylvester, born June 29, 1707-8; died 1786, at Newport, R. I. 

1712, William Gardner was admitted freeman. . 

1708, William Gardner^ cordwainer, and Abigail, his wife, sold to 
John Watson 17 acres of land near Pettaquamscutt Rock. 

1705, he and wife Abigail, sold to Henry Gardner 250 acres of land 

that had belonged to wife's father, bounded west by , south on 

Thomas Mumford, north on said Henry Gardner and part by William 
Gardner, Sr., and fresh meadows. This is the land in Moorsfield a part 
of which is still occupied by descendants of Henry Gardner. 

He united the calling of Lawyer and farmer, which blending of the 
industrial and intellectual was common in colonial days. In the exercise 
of his profession he had acquired considerable wealth and was the owner 
of much real estate, which included land on Boston Neck, and extended 
farther toward the west. Among the bequests of his will was a farm of 
one thouand acres left jointly to three of his grandsons. 


He was the father of seven children, six of whom grew, into posi- 
tions of influence. Indeed, the Gardner family as a whole, attained a 
degree of prosperity rare in these olden times. One of them rejoiced 
in the name of "four chimney Amos." And this at a day when one 
chimney was a cause for great thanksgiving, may be supposed to imply 
the influence of its possessor. 

After his death his widow married Col. Job Almy, of Newport, Sept. 
3, 1740. She died Feb. 6, 1763, in her 83rd year, and is buried in the 
Episcopal churchyard on Tower Hill. The records read she was a pleas- 
ant tempered woman and a member of the Episcopal church. 

Wm of William Gardner. 

In the name of God Amen the Twelfth day of April Anno Dominie 
one Thousand Seven hundred thirty two. I William Gardner of South 
Kingstown in Kings County in the Colony of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence plantations &c yeoman being in Good Health of body and of 
Sound and perfect mind and memory Praise be given to almighty God 
But calling unto mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is 
appointed for all men once to dye to make and ordain this my last will 
and Testament. That is to say Principally and first of all I recommend 
my Soul to God through the merits death and passion of my Saviour 
Jesus Christ to have full pardon and forgiveness of all my Sins and to 
inherit Everlasting life and my body I commit to the Earth to be De- 
cently Buried at the Discretion of my Executor hereafter named and 
as Touching the Disposition of all such Temporal Estate as it pleases 
almighty God to bestow upon me I give and dispose thereof as fol- 
loweth : — 

I will that my just Debets and funeral Charges be well and truly 
paid and Discharged by my Executor hereafter named in some Con- 
venient time after my Decease. 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Well Beloved Wife Abigail Gardner 
one roome in my Dwelling house and two beds and furniture which She 
Shall See cause to make choyce of with all my plate and so much more 
of my household Goods as shall be Sufficient to furnish Said Roome with 
one Negro woman named Moll and one Negro Girl Named Moreah Until 
my Grandson Josiah Arnold comes To ye Age of Twenty one years. 
Also one Cow and one Mare of the Value of Thirty pounds, both to be 
kept on ye Farm during my Wife's Natural Life. I also give my said 
Wife Forty pounds a year to be paid her Quarterly and so much Fire 
Wood as shall be Sufficient to Maintain one Fire during her Nfeitural 
Life All which is to be paid kept and performed by my Son John Gard- 
ner. But if in case the said Negro Mollie should die before my Wife 
then my Will is that my sd. Wife shall have ye choyce of one other of 
my Negro Women and it is to be Understood and it is my Mind and 
Will that what I have here given my said Wife is in the Hew of her 
Item — 

I give and Bequeath unto my Well beloved Son John Gardner All 
that my Homestead Farm in South Kjngstown Containing five hundred 
and Forty Seven Acres to him and his Heirs & Assigns forever. 
Item — 


I Give and Bequeath unto my Well beloved Son Sylvester Gardner 
All that my House and Land lying in South KEngstbwn where my Son 
John Gardner now dwells Containing in both pieces about Eighty Acres 
to himself & his Heirs & Assigns forever. 
Item — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my said Son Sylvester Gardner One 
N^gro Boy Named Juda, Two Beds & furniture. One Gelding Horse 
(that he makes Choice of) with one Bridle and Sadie — I also give & 
Bequeath unto my said son Sylvester Gardner Fourteen hundred pounds 
in Bills of Credit to be paid him by my Executor out of my Estate in one 
year after my Decease. 
Item — 

I give unto my grandson Amos Gardner Three hundred Acres of 
Land out of my Farm which lies part in North Kingstown and part in 
Westerly which I purchased of Colb Wanton and others To be taken of 
ye North side & to extend Southward both ends of a Wedth until it 
makes up three hundred Acres To him his Heirs and Assigns forever — 
Item — 

I give and Bequeath my grandson William Gardner Three hundred 
& fifty Acres of Land in North Kingstown aforesd. to lie in ye same 
Farm and next to ye three hundred Acres I have given to me Grandson 
Amos Gardner To him and his Assigns forever Provided & upon Condi- 
tion that he my said Grandson William Gardner or his Heirs shall give 
or make Over unto my Son John Gardner his Heirs or Assigns All his 
or their Right or Claim that Tract of Land in my Homestead Farm 
called ye Middle Bonnet containing about four Acres Which he ma3' 
pretend to have or Claim by Virtue of a Deed which I gave his Father 
But if my sd. Grandson or his Heirs shall at any time when required 
Refuse to Acquit his or their claim to said Land Then I do hereby 
Declare ye sd. Bequest to him to be Null and Void. And I do hereby 
Give and bequeath the said three hundred and fifty Acres of Land before 
him to my Son John Gardner his Heirs and Assigns forever — 
Item — 

I give and Bequeath unto my Grandson James Gardner three hun- 
dred and fifty Acres of Land lying in North Kingstown aforesaid being 
the Southside & remaining part of said Farm I purchased of Wanton &c 
To him my said Grandson his Heirs and Assigns forever- ft is my 
Mind and Will that my Grandsons Allow each other a Convenient Drift 
Way to pass through each others Land As Accasion shall require And 
that my Son John Gardner or his Heirs have ye use and improve ye 
same until they arrive at ye Age of Twenty one years — 

I give to my two Granddaughters Abigal and Elizabeth Gardner 
and to each of them One Hundred pounds in Bills of Credit to be paid 
by my Son John Gardner when they arrive at ye age of Eighteen Years — 
Item — 

I Give and Bequeath unto my Daughter Abigail Robinson One hun- 
dred pounds in Bills of Credit to be laid out in Plate and to be marked 
with my and my Wifes Names in three years after my decease. I also 
give to her my said Daughter Seven hundred pounds in Bills of Credit 
three hundred pounds of which shall be paid in three years and four 
hundred pounds in five years after my decease by my E>cecutor — 



I give and Bequeath unto my Daughter Hannah McSparren One 
hundred pounds in Bills of Credit to be laid out in plate and to be marked 
with mine and my wifes Names to be paid in three years After my de- 
cease — I also give her my said Daughter Seven hundred pounds in Bills 
of Credit, Three hundred of which shall be paid her in three years and 
four hundred in five years after my decease by my executor — 

I give to my Grandson William Hazard fifty pounds in Bills of 
Credit and ye service of an Indian Named Jeffrey to be paid and deliv- 
ered to him when he comes of ye age of Twenty One years by my 
Executor — 
Item — 

I give to my Grandsons Robert and Caleb Hazard, each Twenty five 
pounds to be paid by my Executor — 
Item — 

I give to my Grandson Josiah Arnold a Negro Girl Named Moreah 
and thirty pounds in Bills of Credit to be paid him by my Executor 
when he arrives at ye age of twenty one years. It is my mind and Will 
that whereas some part of ye Lands given to my son Sylvester Gardner, 
being Mortgaged to the Colony that ye same be paid and discharged by 
my Executor out of my Estate — 
Item — 

I give and Bequeath unto my well beloved Son John Gardner 
(whom I appoint my only and Sole Executor of this my last Will and 
Testament) All the rest and residue of my Estate both Real and per- 
sonal Be it what kind or Nature soever — And I do hereby disallow Re- 
voke make Null and Void all former Testaments Wills Legacies and 
Bequests, and Executors by me in any way before Named Willed and 
Bequeathed Ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my Last 
Will and Testament in Wittness whereof I have hereunto Set my hand 
and Seal the day and year first within written — 
Signed Sealed Published pronounced (signed) 

and Declared by the said William WILLIAM GARDNER (seal) 

Gardner as his last Will and Testament 
in ye presence of 
Francis Willet 

Nicholas O Gardner 

Mary Willet 

Letters of Administration wer^ granted to John Gardner March 29, 1733. 
Inventory of Estate of William Gardner taken by John Watson and 
Ephriam Gardner. Total 4945 pounds. 17s. 6 p. 


Henry (2), George (i). 

Henry, son of Henry and Abigail (Remington) Gardner, was born 
Feb. 25, 1691. His home was in Moorsfield in South Kingstown on land 
inherited from his father. Some of his descendants still own the land 


which was bought by his father in 1704 from the heirs of John Reming- 
ton. He died in Newport July 16, 1768, and was buried on his own 
land in Mooresfield. He belonged to the Parish of St. Paul. He married 
(i) Desire Havens, Aug. 4, 1710; (2) Catherine Davis of East Green- 
wich, Dec. 27, 1722. 

His children by first wife: 

Henry, born June 16, 1714. 


Hannah, baptized Feb. 27, 1721, married Thomas Potter Dec. 31, 

Desire, baptized Feb. 27, 1721, died Dec. 28, 1723. 

Children by second wife were: 

Edward, born Sept. 8, 1723, married Elizabeth Tefft, may 23, 1745. 

Mary, born July 25, 1728, married Jonathan Hazard, Apr. 16, 1747. 

Abigail, born March 9, 1732, married Thomas Mumford, May 23, 


William, born about 1725. 

Henry (2), George (i). 

Ephriam, son of Henry and Abigail (Richmond, Remington) Gardi- 
ner, was born January 27, 1693. Died April 11, 1774. Called Ephriani 
Esq., of North Kingstown. Married Penelope Eldred April 28, 1713, 
daughter of Samuel and Martha Eldred. She died April 19, 1783, in her 
89th year. 

Their children were: 

Dorcas, born Jan. 31, 1714. 

Penelope, born Oct. 15, 1716, married Charles Dyer, July 29, 1736. 

Samuel, born Jan. 16, 1719, married Amey Easton, July 12, 1749. 

James, born July 10, 1721, married Waite Coggeshall, Mch. 15, 1749. 

Ephriam, born about 1723, died Sept. 10, 1785; married Patience 
Congdon, Mch. 21, 1758. 

Christopher, born June 3, 1726, married May Easton, Sept. 16, 1753. 
She was a sister to Amey, and daughter of Jonathan and Patience Easton. 

1778 Ephriam Gardiner, Esq., was admitted freeman from North 

1747 he was assistant. 

Henry (2), George (i). 

William, son of Henry and Abigail (Richmond, Remington) Gardi- 
ner, was born October 27, 1697. Married Margaret Eldred June 
12, 1718. She was the daughter of Capt. John Eldred. Were married 
by Rouse Helme, Justice. 

Their children were : 

John, born Dec. 5, 1720. 

Abigail, born 1721. Married Nov. 30, 1738, Jeremiah Worden. By 
Henry Gardiner, Justice. 


Henry, born Jan. 9, 1726-7. Married Mary Helme, 1750, daughter 
of Christopher Helme. 

WUl of WUliam Gardner. 

Dated the 19th Day of March 1731. I William Gardner of South 
KSngstowti in Kings County &c yeoman and son of Mr. Henry Gardner 
of sd. town &c being in Good Health of body &c. 

And as touching the disposition of all such Temporal Estate as it 
pleases Almighty God to bestow upon me I give and dispose in the same 
in the following manner and Form — Imprimis — 

I give and bequeath unto Margaret my dearly beloved Wife one 
Mare which is called her mare with her Sadie and bridle and one Negro 
woman called Betty and one •Negro boy called Ntewport but if my sd 
Wife should have a Living Child which she is now big with them my 
will is that the said child shall have the Negro boy called Niewport and 
my son John Gardner shall also pay to the sd. Child Two . hundred 
pounds in Currant money of the Colony of Rhode Island If the sd. Child 
Live to the age of twenty one years or at the Day of marriage if that 
should be sooner. I also give to my sd. Wife my Now Dwelling house 
and the one third part of all my Land During the time of her widowhood 
and afterwards to be and remain as hereinafter Set forth — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath to my well beloved Sons (viz) John Gardner 
and Henry Gardner all my Land to be Equally Divided Between them 
for Quantaty of Acres by a line running Bast and West a Cross my 
farme from Samuel Teffts Land to the Wide Highway and my son 
John to have the East part and my son Henry to have the West part of 
my sd. farme and ye sd. Land with ye appurtenances thereunto belong- 
ing to Remain to them my sd. sons John and Henry and to their Heirs 
and Assigns forever — 

I give to my well beloved daughter Abigail Gardner one Negro Girl 
called Jane — 

I give to my well beloved daughter Margaret Gardner one Negro 
Girl called Florah — And further my Will is that my sd. son John shall 
pay to his sd. two sisters Abigail and Margaret Two hundred pounds to 
each of them when they shall arrive to the age of eighteen years or at 
the Day of Marriage if that should happen first — 

I also give to my sd. two Daughters Abigail and Margaret Each of 
them one feather bed and furniture to them — 
Item — 

I also give to my sd. Wife all the" Rest and Residue of my movable 
Estate She paying my Just Debts in Due time and I do hereby Make 
Constitute and appoint my sd. well beloved Wife Margaret Gardner my 
Executrix and William Robinson of sd. South Kingstown in the County 
of Kings County & Esq. My Executor of sd. my last will and Testament 
and I do hereby Utterly Disallow, Revoke, Make Null and Void all other 
wills Legacies Bequests and Executor by me in any wise heretofore 
written or bequeathed Ratifying and confirming this and no other to be 


my last Will and Testament. In WSttness whereof I have hereunto Set 

my hand and seal the Day and year first above written. 

Signed Sealed Published pronounced 

and Declared by the Sd. William Gardner 

as his last Will and Testament. 

Henry Gardner Junr. * (signed) 

Christopher Helme WM. GARDNER. 

Jeremiah Clark. 

Estate Apprised by Rouse Helme and Christopher Helme May 8th, 

Dorcas Gardner (a), George (i). 

John, son of John and Dorcas (Gardiner) Watson, was born July 
22, 1676; died Nov. 8, 1772. Married (i) Hannah Champlin, daughter 
of JeflFrey, April 8, 1703. She died Oct. 11, 1720. He married (2), Abi- 
gail, widow of Samuel Eldred, and daughter of Stephen and Mary 
(Thomas) Northup, April, 1722. She died Aug. 22, 1737. He married 
(3), Sarah Mowry, Sept. 1738; she died March 12, 1764. H5s children 
were by his first and second wives : 

Hannah, born Mar. i, 1703-4, married William Clark, of Latham. 
He died 1746'. She married (2) David Green. 

Ann, born Mar. 27, 1708; died 1771 ; married Benjamin Allen. 

John, born Mar. 13, 1709; died Apr. 26, 1791. Married Isabella Sher- 
man, daughter of Job and Bridget (Gardiner) Sherman, June 2, 1736. 

Jeffrey, born Aug. 3, 1712; died May 10, 1784. Married Bathsheba 
Smith, daughter of John, Jr., and Mercy (Wescott) Smith, Nov. 29, 1732. 
She was born Apr. 7, 17 10. 

Elisha, born Sept. 14, 1714; died Sept. 11, 1737. 

Dorcas, born Qct. 25, 1716; died 1785. Married Ezekiel Gardiner. 

Annie, born Oct. 18, 1719; married John Lillibridge, 1738. 

Freelove, born about 1723; married John Champlin, 1743. 

Mary, born about 1725. 

An obituary notice appeared in the newspaper the week after the 
death which seems worthy of repeating: 

"On Wednesday last. Departed this life, and on Saturday was de- 
cently interred, John Watson Esqr., in the 97th year of his age. He was 
the first child born in Narragansett after the Indian war. He was blest 
with more than a common share of good sense and was early employed 
in many important affairs. Was several years a member of the General 
Assembly, and sustained other offices of Trust and importance, all of 
which he executed with integrity and to general satisfaction. He enjoyed 
an uncommon share of good health, having never been confined to his 
bed till a few days before his death. He retained his memory and Ra- 
tional facculties to the Last. He had eight children, 57 grandchildren, 
45 great grandchildren and 3 great, great grandchildren, and a great part 
of them followed his corpse to the grave. He was a Loving husband, 
a tender father, just Majistrate, a good neighbor, a mild master and an 
Honest man." 

In 1708, a few years after his first marriage, he bought of William 
Gardiner 75 acres "Near Pettaquamscutt Rock." This land was bounded 


Easterly on the River, Southerly by Arnold, and Westerly on high- 
way, Northerly by land of Brenton. This farm with other lands added 
to it, has been in the family since that date until about 1890, when J. B. 
Watson sold it to Mrs. Carver. It was never sold, but handed down by 
will or deed of gift till the last date, through the eldest son, whose name 
for six generations was John. John (6), eldest son of John (5), died in in- 
fancy and so the farm descended to his second son, Joseph, whose son, 
Jesse B. Watson, sold it to Mrs. Carver. Five generations of John Wat- 
sons are buried on this land. John (2) became a large land holder. The 
greater part of his land he gave to his sons by deed of gift before his 

In the diary kept by his son, Jeffrey, is a copy of the publishment 
of his third marriage. It is given here as an illustration of the custom 
of the times. 

"Kings County, Sept., A. D. 1738. These are to publish the Bans 
of Marriage Between John Watson & Sarah Mowry both of South 
Kingstown in the County afore Said, and if any person or persons Can 
Show Just Cause Why these two May not be joined together in Mattry- 
mony, they make their application as the Law Directs, and not to Pull 
Down nor Deface this publication at their Peril. 

Given under my hand and Seal in South Kingstown this loth Day 
of September A. D. 1738. 

Per ISAAC SHELDEN, Justice." 


Petition from the inhabitants of the Narragansett Country to the King. 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty, the humble Petition and 
Remonstrance of your subjects, the inhabitants of the Narragansett 
Country, in the southern part of New England, called by your Maj- 
esty's Commission the King's Province. 

May it please your Majesty: About forty two years since, the 
father of one of your petitioners, namely Richard Smith, deceased, who 
sold his possessions in Gloucestershire, and came into New England, 
began the first settlement in Narragansett Country (Then living at Taun- 
ton, in the Collony of New Plymouth), and erected a trading house on 
the same tract of land where now his son Richard Smith inhabits, not 
only at his cost and charge, but great hazard, not without the consent 
and approbation of the natives, who then were very numerous and gave 
him land to sett his house on, living well satisfied in his coming thither, 
that they might be supplied with such necessaries as often times they 
wanted, and at their own homes without much travel for the same. The 
said Richard Smith likewise being as well pleased in his new settlement 
in a double respect ; first that hee might bee instrumental under God in 
the propagating the Gospel among the natives, wlio knew not God, as 
they ought to know him, and took great pains therein to his dying day; 
secondly, that the place might afford him a refuge and shelter in time 
to come, for the future subsistance of him and his ; wherein he was not 
only deceived in his expectation for losing almost all hee had in the 
Indian war among the Dutch, where hee likewise made a settlement, 
chose at last this place of Narragansett for his only abode ; no English 
living nearer to him than Pawtuxel, at his first settling being neare 


twenty miles from him. The place now called Warwick, was not then 
thought on. Much about that time some gentleman of the Massachu- 
setts Colony removed from their inhabitants and came to the Narragan- 
sett Bay and purchased of the natives an Island in said Bay and called 
it Rhode Island; Mr. William Coddington being the chiefest of them 
and who only purchased the same, and was the first chief sett up among 
them selves a government by consent for the well ordering of their own 
affairs, and for the peace and security thereof. In process of time, that 
place called Warwick, was settled by Mr. Gorton and H'olden and 
others; whereby Richard Smith, aforesaid, had some neighbors near to 
him ; and afterwards Mr. Roger Williams of Province, likewise came to 
Narragansett and built a house for trade, nearer unto the former house 
of Richard Smith's who in some short time quitted his settlement, and 
sold it to the said Richard Smith, who lived there alone for many years, 
his house being the resting place and rendezvous for all travelers pass- 
ing that way, which was of great benefit and use to the country ; and 
was at no small cost and charge therein for many years together, to the 
great relief of all travelers. But time, that produces changes, caused 
him, being wearie of living alone in a desert wilderness; yet having 
plenty of Indians and wild creatures, to desire neighborhood and in- 
vited his neighbors in New England to purchase of the Indians and 
settle the country with him, which accordingly some well-affected per- 
sons of Rhode Island, and some of Massachusetts Collony, Connecticut 
and New Plymouth joined with the said Richard Smith and his son 
Richard Smith, your present petitioner, who lived there with his father 
and made two small purchases of tracts of land by the seaside. And much 
about the same time some of Rhode Island purchased an island in the 
Bay, called by the natives Quononaqual, and another company of Rhode 
Island and Boston joined together, but most of Rhode Island purchased 
another tract of land in the Narragansett Country, to the southward of 
that above-mentioned, first, for the digging of black lead, afterwards for 
the further settlement; whereby the country came to be inhabited with 
English to the great cost and charge of the first settlers. The country 
being all this while under no settled government ; yet claimed by several 
Collonies by virtue of grants from some Lords in England in time of 
trouble there, but no settled government, till your Majesty was pleased 
to grant your gracious Letters Patents to Connecticut and Rhode Island, 
both which including the Narragansett Country, caused great troubles 
to the inhabitants by making them offenders for not complying with 
either as they were commanded, when in truth they know not whom 
to submit to, and was the only hindrence of the settlement of that coun- 
try. Some of the purchasers and proprietors thereof choosing to submit 
unto the government of Connecticut as per article of agreement made 
between the Agents of each Collony in England, by the Lord Brewer- 
ton, Cap's Deane, Major Thomson, Doctor Worsley and Cap'n Brook- 
haven, many appear. Yet notwithstand this proved ineffectual to the 
ends of peace and unity so much desired, to the great grievance and dis- 
couragement of the inhabitants that were there minded to improve their 
settlement ; though some of the same purchasers having sold their 
rights to others, now endeavor to obstruct the rest of their co-purchasers 
in the enjoyment of theirs; but differences still increasing about the 
government, your Majesty's commissioners in the yeare 1664, viz.: Sir 
Robert Carr, Collonell Cartwright, and Samuel Maverick gave the name 


of King's Province to the Narragansett Country, and forbid any person 
of any jurisdiction whatsoever to exercise any authority in the said 
Kings Province; but who should be authorized by them under their 
hands and seals until your Majesty's pleasure was further knowne. 
Since which the said Commissioners granted for the orders for settleing 
part thereof ; as to Mr. Brown, Cap'n Wellett and others. Notwithstand- 
ing which the government of Rhode Island hath of late forced settle- 
ment upon some of our said lands contrary to the said Commissioners 
orders and your Majesty's letter as lately, at place called East Green- 
wich. In the times of these troubles and contests the Indians proved 
insolent and very injurious to our petitioners, the inhabitants, not with- 
out private abetters, as well as was suspected, killed our cMtle, de- 
stroyed our creatures and plundered some of our horses, soe that wee 
were hardly able to live among them ; some of us loosing in some few 
yearse neare 150 head of cattle. 

And when complaint was made to our superiors at Rhode Island, 
wee could have no reliefe, which made some of us apply ourselves to 
the Massachusetts Collony for redress for these outrages and enormities 
committed against us, according to an order of your Majesty's granted 
unto them about the yeare 1663, but still were without remedy; which 
many of us foresaw would end in a warr with the Indians if not timely 
and wisely prevented. Which afterward came on apace to the ruin 
and destruction of your petitioners visible estates in that Province. So 
that it became a desolate wildernesse againe; and instead of Christian 
people, replenished with howling wolves and other wild creatures. But 
it pleased the Lord in his due time to put a period to these warrs, and 
your petitioners, the former inhabitants, went over from Rhode Island, 
whither wee retreated with that little wee had left, where it cost us 
one half of our cattle to keep the rest and carry us over. So cold was 
their charity to their poore neighbors in distress; and then and since 
imposed taxes on us, when your petitioners had hardly any thing left 
for the subsistence of themselves and little ones ; and settled in the King's 
Province againe, when very dangerous living in (cellars and holes), 
under ground, till we got a little beforehand to rebuild, which with 
our own industry and hard laboure, wee hope in time to effect, if not 
discouraged and hindered by many that threaten to turn us off. May 
it please your Majesty this being in short, the true state of affairs of 
the Narragansett Country and the people there inhabiting, from the first 
settlement to this present time. 

Your petitioners, the inhabitants thereof, do humbly supplicate 
your Majesty, as you have been pleased to send your gracious letters 
to the foure Collonys of New England strictly to will and require them 
to take care of the inhabitants there at present, so that you would in 
your princely wisdom and Royal bounty and justice, for the future 
vouchsafe an eye of favor upon the poore inhabitants your petitioners, 
the first settlers thereof, in a more peculiar manner, who have been at 
great cost and charge, and have laid out (most of us) all wee have In 
this world upon the same, and are not able to subsist, if removed from 
thence; it being now become in a manner our native country to some 
of us, and is to many of our children who were there borne; and we 
hope and promise for ourselves and for our children that shall succeed 
us, that your Majesty in no part of New England shall have no more 
loyal or faithful subjects than your present petitioners ; humbly request- 


in^ and desiring that your Majesty would put an end to these differences 
about the government thereof, which hath been so fatal to the pros- 
peritie of the place; animosities still arising in peoples minds, as they 
stand affected to this or that government, and may be wronged and 
injured by either government of these that take place, the transaction 
of former things being fresh in our memory, and impartiall and equall 
judicature being the great and earnest desire of your petitioners to live 
under, being wearied out with the former contests and the troubles wee 
have met with from both CoUonies commanding us, do all of us unani- 
mously and with one consent supplicate your Majesty not to leave us to 
the government and dispose of those that seek advantage against us. 
The country being large and able to continue many families, may make 
an entire Province, if your Majesty see cause. 

And your petitioners shall ever pray, etc.. And subscribe your Maj- 
esty's humble, loyall and obedient subjects. 
King's Province, in Narragansett. 
July 29, 1679. 

(Signed in our hand) 
William Bently, Henry Gardner, 

John Greene, Richard Smith, 

Nicholas Gardner, Benony Gardner, 

John Coale, Jer. Bull, 

George Gardner, Sam Eldred, 

Tho. Gold, Daniel Greene, 

Arthur Aylworth, George Witman, 

Sam* Wilson, Hen. Reynolds, 

Robert Vinin, James Green, 

James Reynolds, John Eldrid, 

James Reynolds, Jun'r Thomas Sovell, 

Daniel Eldrid, Rob't Spink, 

Daniel Swete, Rob't Spink, Jun'r, 

Joseph Delaner, Sam. Alsbery, 

John Sheldin, Alexander Fenix, 

William Gardner, William Ceston, 

Henry Tippets, John Sheldon, JunV, 

Aron Jackvaier, William Knowls, 

Frell Newton, Thomas Brooks, 

Rouse Helme, George Palmer 

Joseph Reynolds, Lodowick Updike, 


Petition of the inhabitants of the Narragansett Country. Received 
from Mr. Lewyn the 3rd March, 1679-80. 


William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John Gardner, the eldest son of William and Abigail (Remington) 
Gardner, was born July 8, i6g6, and died July 6, 1770, aged 74 years. 
He married, first, Mary Hill, by whom he had children as follows: 
Anstress (Anteis) born March 23, 1721. 
Hannah, born April 22, 1723, died December 31, 1727. 
Thomas born March 11, 1725. 


Amos, born March 2^^ 1729, died September 29, 1827. 

Mary (Hill) Gardner, died June 11, 1739.. 

John Gardner married, second, Mary Taylor, December 13, 1739. 
She was a niece of Francis Willet, Esq., of North Kingstown. 

They were married by Rev. Dr. McSparren. 

Children : 

Abigail, born September 26, 1740. 

William, born March 18, 174 1-2. 

Mary, born about 1744, died October 16, 1762, in her i8th year. 

John, born 1747; died Oct., 1808. 

Benjamin, born Jan. 4, 1750. 

Sarah, born about 1751, died June 16, 1771, aged 20 years. 

Lydia, born 1753. 

Mary (Taylor) Gardner, died April 24, 1774, in the 60th year of 
her ag€. 

In 1722 he was admitted freeman for South Kingstown. 

In 1732 to 36, he was an assistant. 

In 1744 he was called Colonel John Gardner and was appointed 
commissioner for the Colony. 

He owned a large estate in Boston Neck, South Kingstown, and 
also land in Westerly, R. I. The last he gave to his son Thomas. In 
his will written 1769, probated 1770, he gave to his wife his dwelling 
house and all the land he bought in Boston Neck of Ephriam and Elez- 
ner Smith. This tract contained several hundred acres. It would seem 
that at the time of his death he was not living on what he called his 
homestead, for this farm he left to his son John Gardner, it being the 
farm where Amos was then living, calling it the old homestead farm. 
This was probably the land bought by William in 171 1 of George Wit- 

He gave to his son John two hundred sheep and ten cows and his 

To daughter Abigail Updike eleven hundred Spanish Milled dollars, 
daughter Sarah Gardner thirteen hundred Spanish Milled dollars, and 
daughter Lydia, fourteen hundred, and grand son James, son of son 
William, five hundred Spanish Milled dollars. His wife in her will 1772, 
gave grand son James, eight hundred dollars, Daughter Abigail Updike 
Two Hundred silver dollars, and four silver porridgers, Daughter Lydia 
Two Hundred dollars, a silver tea pot, milk pot, silver pepper box, eight 
table spoons, twelve tea spoons, silver sugar tongs. 

Son John Gardiner two silver porridgers. 

Son Benjamin two silver porridgers. 


William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William Gardner, second son of William and Abigail (Remington) 
Gardner, was born May 21, 1698; married Elizabeth Gibbs, Apr. 16, 
1719. He died at sea, supposed to have been killed by pirates. 

He had four children as follows : 

Abigail, born March 6, 1720, 



William, born May 30, 1724. 
James, born August 5, 1725. 
Elizabeth, born June 16, 1728. 


William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Abigail Gardner, third child of William and Abigail (Remington) 
Gardner, was born September 24, 1700. 

She married Caleb Hazard, November 19, 1719. By him she had 
four sons as follows : 

William, born April 12, 1721 ; married Phebe, daughter of Demaris 
and John Hull, of Jamestown. 

Robert, born May i, 1723; he married Elizabeth, daughter of Deputy 
Governor Robert Hazard. 

Caleb, born September 22, 1724; died young. 

Caleb, born September 22^ iy26\ married Mary ; died March 4, 


Mr. Hazard died in the year 1726, and his widow, Abigail Hazard, 
married Deputy Governor, William Robinson, March 2, 1727. He was 
born 1693, and died 1751. 

He was the son of Rowland and Mary (Allen) Robinson. 

The children by second husband were as follows: 

Christopher, born December 31, 1727. 

William, born August i, 1729; married Elizabeth Wanton, Maj' 

17, 1750. 

Thomas, born January 25, 1731 ; died 1817. Married Sarah Rich- 

Abigail, born 1732, died March 3, 1754. 

Sylvester, born 1735, died January 23, 1809. 

May, born 1736, died 1776. 

James, born 1738. 

John, born 1742. 


William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Third child of William and Abigail (Remington) Gardner, was born 
December 7, 1704. She married the Rev. James McSparren, May 22, 
1722. They were married by the Rev. James Honyman. No children 
born to them. 


A famous clergyman of the olden times, with whom our history has 
connection, was Rev. James McSparren, D. D. He was among the first 
emissaries sent to this country by the English "Society for the Propa- 
g^ation of the Gospel in Foreien Parts." and was, in the opinion of many, 
its ablest missionary. He became in 1721, the pastor of St. Paul's 
Church, of South Kingstown. Rhode Island, which is now the oldest 
building of its kind in the United States north of the Potomac river. Of 


Scotch descent, though born in Ireland, he showed the qualities of his 
sturdy race in his zealous and untiring work among the Narragansett 
people, who, to this, day, hold his memory sacred. He foundSi five 
churches, baptized nearly six hundred people, and, when offered a 
Bishop's mitre in England, fearing that America would dislike an Eng- 
lish ordination, he refused it, saying, "I would rather live in the hearts 
of my parishioners than wear all the Bishop's gowns in the world." 

The curious title of one of Dr. McSparren's books bears evidence 
of his plainness of speech : '^America Dissected," being a full and true 
account of all the American Colonies, showing the intemperance of the 
climate, excessive heat and cold and sudden violent changes of weather; 
terrible and murderous thunder and lightning; bad and unwholesome 
air destructive to human bodies; badness of money; danger from ene- 
mies ; but, above all to the souls of the poor people that move thither 
from the multifarious and pestilent heresies that prevail in these parts. 

Published as a caution to unsteady people, who may be tempted to 
leave their native country. 

In the great days of Narragansett hospitality and elegance, the 

congregation of "Old St. Pauls" numbered the noblest of the land. The 

Phillipses, the Balfours, the Robinsons, the Hazards, the Potters, the 

I'pdikes, and the Gardners were among those that sat in the square, 

high built pews, and listened to the vigorous tones of the good Doctor. 

There were at that time no carriages in use, and history has drawn us a 

pretty picture of the trip to church on Sunday morning; each grave 

settler, with his wife before him on a pillion, urging his careful-stepping 

saddle horse over the narrow paths between crowded tree trunks and 

through rough country fields. With them rode Dr. McSparren himself, 

and the fair lady whom he had taken from the Gardner family to be 

his helpmate in the rural pastorate. Of him as well as his wife there 

remains a portrait, painted by the celebrated Simbert, who came to 

America with Dean Berkley. So that we can picture him round of face, 

sturdy of figure, invested with all the dignity of curled wig, gown, and 

bands, bending from the clumsy pulpit above the heads of damsels in 

scarlet cloaks and flaunting plumes, and cavaliers in gold-laced coats 

and snowy frills, with a background of dusky figure^ the slaves for 

whose welfare Dr. McSparren was always zealous. 

As we have seen, the pastor's attention was drawn at an early date 
to the Gardner family. William Gardner, called "William of Narra- 
gansett," was the father of Mrs. McSparren, and a leading citizen in 
South Kingston. Dr. McSparren was a graduate of the University of 
Glasgow. His health became impaired, and he, with his wife, returned 
to his native land where he remained some time. Small pox became 
an epidemic while he was on this visit and his good wife contracted the 
loathsome disease and died June 24, 1755, a few minutes after twelve 
in the morning and was interred Wednesday evening the 25th. 

She was buried in Broadway Chapel burying yard in Westminster. 
The Doctor soon returned to America and his health continued to 
fail, much more so after the loss of his good wife. He grieved this loss 
and died December i, 1757. He was buried in the church yard of St. 
Pauls Church (sometimes called Tower Hill Church) in Narragansett, 
of which church he was pastor thirty seven years. 

Doctor McSparren received into his family for classical teaching a 
few of the more wealthy colonists' sons. Among his pupils were 


Thomas Clapp, afterward a famous president of Yale College, and the 
rector's young brother-in-law, Sylvester Gardner. 


A writer in the Westerly Sun says: The village of Wickford, in 
the town of North Kingstown, is a pretty little place, especially pleas- 
ant in the summer time, situated as it is on a point of land extendingr 
out into the waters of Wickford bay, a branch of Narragansett ha.y. 
There are several places of interest in and about the village. Perhaps 
the most interesting is the old Episcopal Church, St. Paul's, which 
stands down a lane off the main street, a little removed from the quiet 
bustle of the town. Here, in a good-sized lot of land, nearly surrounded 
by graves wherein sleep some of the forefathers of the hamlet, the old 
church stands, not in the place where it was built, but as appears upon 
a plate above the one door of the church now in use, "Built in 1707, 
removed 1800." It was built some five miles from its present location, 
at a place called the Old platform, on the side of McSparren hill. 

As it stands today it is in form of an oblong square, about 34 by 
40 feet on the ground and two stories high, a frame building clapboarded 
and shingled. The one door faces the street, having over it beside the 
inscription above quoted a little ornamental scroll. The door is in two 
leaves. On either side on the first floor are two windows with oval tops. 
The second floor or gallery has five windows in front, the same number 
of windows on the back ; two in each story at the ends, with a round 
window in one gable, furnish light to the place. The window panes 
are many in number, in size 6 by 8 inches. 

Entering the door you are in the auditorium. Directly in front, across 
the room, stands the high pulpit, reached by a flight of five high steps 
on either side. The small pulpit, a narrow bench against the rear wall, 
on which two may sit, furnishes an uncomfortable resting place for the 
occupant of the desk. 

The room is of the plainest, the massive frame showing every 
timber and brace. Six columns support the galleries, which extend 
around three sides of the room and are now reached by a flight of stairs 
at one corner. There are thirty pews on the floor, fourteen around the 
walls being square boxes with a door on the side next to the aisle, while 
the seats are a board around three sides of the pew. The backs and 
ends of the pews come up nearly to the shoulders of the persons who 
sit in them. There are sixteen pews in two rows down the middle of 
the floor. These are long and have only one seat in each, a bench run- 
ning the length of the pew. The sides and ends are like the square ones. 
There was no lolling upon soft cushions in the good old days, even if the 
sermon was two hours or more long. 

The gallery is plain and the seat on one row furnished the floor of 
the one above, or else the floor of one row furnished the seat of the one 
below. There once was a tower at one end with a belfry, bell and spire, 
but that has fallen, or has been taken down. The entrance to the gal- 
lery was through this when standing. 

This is the oldest church edifice standing north of Mason and 
Dixon's line. Upon the old site where the church was erected there 
are still the ancient tombstones erected there in memory of those who 
lived around the old church, who loved it and that for which it stood. 


Amid these towers the memorial cross erected by the churchmen of the 
diocese in 1869, to Dr. McSparren, for many years rector of this the 
first Episcopal church in Narragansett country. 

The first work by the Episcopal church in this section was done 
under the direction of "The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 
in Foreign Parts," with headquarters in London. The first rector was 
Rev. Christopher Bridge, followed by Rev. William Guy, neither of 
whom stayed long. Rev. Mr. Hlonyman of Newport performed the few 
official acts which were needed for a few years. 

In 1721, Rev. James McSparren came. He labored in this field for 
about thirty-six years. He was succeeded by Rev. Mr. Fayerweather. 
He was a native of New England but was loyal to his king, and in 1774 
resigned his charge and went to Boston, where on Sunday, Sept. 18, 
1774, he preached "for the king's chaplain* before General Gage and his 
officers and before a very numerous and polite assembly" from the 
words: "Be kindly affectioned one toward another in brotherly love." 
General Gage's soldiers were then drilling on Boston Common prepara- 
tory to war, and the next month hostilities were opened. 

As the communicants of the church were mostly in or near the 
village of Wickford, the old church was by vote of the society removed 
to its present location in 1800. 

While the parish had a later and more pretentious church edifice 
near this one, still the old building is kept in repair and services are 
occasionally held within its walls. 

A church building was erected in Newport some years before this 
one, but was taken down and loaded upon a scow and boats, to be 
taken to Warwick. A storm arose while it was on the way and it was 
destroyed. The second building in Newport was burned, so that now 
this is the oldest church building in the northern part of the United 

The following is the list of the pew holders in 1760, as appears by 
the record : 

Powel, R. Robertson, John Norton, John Cole, Thomas Phil- 
lips, Samuel Bissel, Charles Dickinson, Henry Gardner, C. Phillips, C. 
EHckinson, Samuel Brown, Elisha Cole, Thomas Brown, Stephen Coop- 
er, L. Updike, Richard Updike, Ephriam Gardner, Samuel Albro, Ben- 
jamin Mumford, William Gardner, Robert Case, John Gardner, Francis 
Willet, Benoni Sweet. 


Dec. 25, 1721, Mr. William Gardner baptised. 

Feb. 2^, 1721, Henry Gardner, an adult, baptised. 

Dec. 23, 1722, Lydia Gardner, a young woman of 16 years baptised. 

Dec. 2^, 1722, Henry Gardner, Jr., of Kingstown and Catherine 
Davis, of East Greenwich, married. 

1723, Henry Gardner baptised. He was born in Narragansett in 


Dec. 28, 1723, Desire Gardner, child of Hienry, Jr., died from scald- 
ing, by a kettle of boiling water falling upon her. 

Apr. 5, 1724, Edward Gardner, son of Henry, Jr., baptised. 

Nov. 17, 1724, Josiah Arnold of Jamestown and Lydia Gardner, 
daughter of William, married. 


Aug. 2, 1725, Elizabeth Gardner, daughter of George (an adult) 

Aug. 2, 1725^ Thomas Gardner, son of John, baptised. 

Oct. 18, 1726, Mary was the wife of Long William Gardner. 

Nov. 28, 1726, Abigail Gardiner, aged 69 years, wife of Henry, bap- 

Feb. 22, 1727, Lydia, wife of Josiah Arnold and daughter of William 
and Abigail Gardiner, died. 

Dec. 25, 1733, Jane Gardiner, daughter of John, baptised. 

Dec. 25, 1733, Mary and Abigail, daughters of Henry, Jr., baptised. 

Dec. 25, 1733, at the house of Mr. Henry Gardiner, Jr., baptised 
three children, Hugh, Susanna and Ann Essex, children of Mr. Essex. 

Sept. 3, 1740, Job Almy of Newport married to Abigail Gardiner, 
widow of William, at the house of her son John, Boston Neck. 

Nov. 9, 1749, Thomas Gardiner, son of John of Boston N'eck, and 
Martha Gardiner, daughter of Henry the son of Nicholas, both of South 

May 23, Thomas Mumford married Abigail Gardner, daughtec of 
Henry of South Kingstown. 

Oct. 10, 1751, Amos Gardiner, son of John and Sarah (Bill) Gardi- 
ner of South Kingstown, married. 

Aug. 24, 1751, eldest son of Thomas and Martha Gardiner was born 
at Boston Neck. 

May 8, 1754, Benjah Gardiner, grand child of John Gardiner of 
Boston Neck and mother-in-law Mary Gardiner. 

Nov. 5, 1767, Henry Richmond Gardner, a child son of Thomas and 
Catherine, baptised. 

Jan. 7, 1768, Capt. Sylvester Gardiner of North Kingstown, married 
Miss Sarah Beers of Newport at Capt. Jos. Coggershalls. 

July 16, 1768, Mr. Henry Gardiner son of Hienry of Newport, died, 
buried in his own ground. He was one of the parish of St. Paul. 

May 13, 1770, Samuel Fayerweather Gardiner, child of Thomas and 
Catherin Gardiner. 

July 15, 1771, Miss Sarah Gardiner, (daughter of the late John Gard- 
iner of Boston Neck) , died. 

Oct. 30, 1787, Nathan (son of Nathan Gardiner, Jr., and Mary John- 
son his wife) was baptised. 

Dec. 27, 1787, Susannah, widow of Capt. Bardin, and Sarah (wife 
of Col. John Gardiner) daughter of Samuel and Emma Easton. 

Mar. 13, 1788, Robinson and Stephen, sons of Jeremiah and Lucy 
(Northup) Gardiner, baptised. 

May 4, 1788, William, an adult son of Clarke and Amey (Lilli- 
bridge) Gardiner, baptised. 

May II, 1788, Lucy an adult daughter of Samuel and E. (Easton) 
Gardiner, baptised. 

Jan. 6, 1790, Walter, an adult son of Samuel and E. (Easton) Gard- 
iner, baptised. 


Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Beniamin Gardner, son of Nathaniel and Mary ( ) Gardner, was 

born February 26, 1705. 


Married Mary Rowland, March 22, 1726-7. Married by Christopher 
Allen, Justice. 

Their children were: 

Abiel, born Ja^iuary 20, 1727-8. 

Job, born 1730; died March 9, 1806. 

Benjamin, born 1731 ; died February 2, 1809. 

Caleb, born 1732. 

Nathaniel, born March 17, 1739; died July 18, 1806. 

Joshua, born 1742, died October 5, 1829. 


Nathaniel (3), Bcnony (2), George (i). 

Daughter of Nathaniel and Mary ( ) Gardner, was born Nov. 

30, 1707. She married John, son of John and Elizabeth (Remington) 
Kenyon, Mar. 23, 1726-7, by Christopher Allen, Justice. 

Their children were : 

John, born September 29, 1730. 

Remington, born February 6, 1732. 

Mary, born February 4, 1734. 

Dorcas, born August 4, 1737. 

Hannah, born November i^ 1739. 

Nathaniel, born January 4, 1741. 

Elizabeth, born June 20, 1743. 

Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (x). 

Dorcas Gardner, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary ( ) Gardner. 

was born June 10, 1712. Married March 11, 1730, George Tibbits, of 
North Kingstown. 

Their children were : 

Daughter born January, 1731. 

Dorcas, born May 18, 173 — . 

George, born August 26, 174 — . 


The above records were in condition not clear as to dates. 


Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Davis) Gardner, was born 
Mar. 30, 171 1. Married March 23, 1732, John Spencer, son of Peleg. 
Their children were : 
Benjamin, born Sept. 19, 1733. 

Weight, born March 7, 173c, married Ishmael Spink, Dec. 5, 1752. 
Elizabeth, born Jan. 9, 1737. 

May, born March 13, 1745, married Robert Hall, Jan. 26, 1764. 
Isaac, born July 15, 1747. , 
Sarah, born May 24, 1750. 


Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (x). 

Isaac, son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Davis) Gardner, was born May 5, 
1718. Married (i) Margaret Gardner, daughter of William, Dec. 26, 
1736. He was bprn in Exeter and moved from there to East Greenwich. 
In 17— he was Deputy and was called Lieut. Col. Isaac Gardner. He 
married (2), Tabitha Avery, at East Greenwich in 1760. She was from 

Their children were: 

Peleg, born June 2, 1740. 

Olive, born June 24, 1742, married Mercy Gorton, of E. Greenwich, 
R. I., Sept. 25, 1766. 

Isaac, born Aug. 16, 1744, married Ruth Aylsworth, Oct. 11, 1767. 

Nicholas born May 30, 1748. 

Waite, born Oct. 3, 1751. 

Mary, born Sept. 24, 1754. 

John, born Nov. 29, 1756. 

Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Samuel, son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Davis) Gardner, was born 
Sept. 27, 1722. Married Elizabeth Congdon, May 3, 1750. 
Their children were : 
Benony, born Mar. 30, 1751. 
Mary, born Jan. 16, 1753. 
James, born Oct. i, 1754. 


Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Penelope, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Davis) Gardner, was 
born July 19, 1725. Married William Hall, Oct. 2, 1741. 
Their children were: 

Alice, married George Spencer. 
Elizabeth, married George Tefft. 
Lucy, married Ebenezer Spencer, 1775. 
Patience, married James Gardner, 


Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Silas, son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Davis) Gardner, was born Oct. 
29, 1727, died 1782. Married 1754, Hester, daughter of John and Patience 

Their children were: 

Lowry, born May 15, 1755, in Warwick, R. I. 

Almy, married John Gardiner, of Exeter, R. I. 

John died 1792. 


Isaac, married Polly Heffernon, Apr. 17, 1786. 




Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Bridget, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Davis) Gardner, was 
born Aug. 21, 1734. Married Thomas Newcomb, of Poughkeepsie, N. 
Y., June 2, 1754. 

Their children were: 

Elizabeth, born July 14, 1755. 

James, born Dec. 13, 1756. 

Frederick, born May 4, 1758. 

William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lydia Gardner, sixth child of William and Abigail (Remington) 
Gardner, was born June 27, 1706. She married Josiah Arnold of James- 
town alias Conamcut, married at the home of the bride by Rev. Dr. 
James McSparren November 17, 1724. 

Their children were : 

Abigail, born June 25, 1725. Died Dec, 1725. 

Josiah, born 1726. 

Sylvester. Died before four years old. 


Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Benony Gardner, son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Davis) Gardner, was 

born May 31, 1720. Married Elizabeth ( ), May 3, 1740. 

Their children were: 

Othniel. born June 24, 1742, died 1784. 

Elizabeth, born Dec. 21, 1743. 

Latham, born Jan. 11, 1745, died Feb. 27, 1747. 

Benony, born Aug. 18, 1747, died Feb. 27, 1749. 


Ruth, born Jan. 12, 1750, married Job Fowler,, 1770. 

Bcnony, born Jan. 7, 1752. 

Lucy, bom May 15, 1755; died Oct. 2^^ 1756. 


Bridget Gardner (3), Benony (a), George (i). 

Bridget, daughter of Job and Bridget (Gardner) Sherman, was bom 
July II, 1724. EMed Oct. 8, 1753. Married John Sherman, son of John, 
Aug. 19, 1747. He was born March 25, 1725. 

Their children were : 

Job, born May 20, 1748, married Lydia Crendall 

John, born March 28, 1750. 

Bridget, born March 20, 1752. 

Bridget Gardner (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah, daughter of Job and Bridget (Gardner) Sherman, was born 
Oct. 29, 1726. Married (i) Joseph Viall, Diec. 11, 1745. (2) Thomas 
Proctor, Aug. 10, 1758. Children of her first husband were: 

Anstress, born July 2, 174 — 

Mary, born Sept. 20, 1747. 

Phebe Gardner (3), Jeremiah (2), George (i). 

Gardner, son of Samuel, Jr., and Phebe (Gardner), Browning, was 
born May 31, 1761 ; died July 23, 1817. Married Izitt Cole, March 27, 
1784. She was the daughter of Capt. John Cole, and was born March 31. 
1763 ; died June 18, 1843. 

Their children were : 

Samuel, born April 12, 1785. 

Mary, born October 24, 1787. 

Gardner, born March 5, 1791 ; died young. 

Gardner, born April 12, 1792. 

Hannah, born March 28, 1795 \ died Aug. 5, 1848. Married Jeremiah 

William, born Nov. 12, 1798; died Sept. 19, 1803. 

Sarah C, born Nov. 22, 1800. 

Izitt Cole, born Aug 13, 1804. 

Abbie Ann Congdon, born Dec. 22, 1807; died Aug. 2, 18 — . Mar- 
ried Jeremiah Gardner, Mar:h 16, 1826. 


Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Ezekiel, son of Nicholas and Mary (Eldred) Gardner, was born 
September 29, 1712. Died Aug. 13, 1780. Married Dorcas Watson (4), 
John (3), Dorcas Gardner (2), George (i) August 29, 1734. 


Their children were born as follows: 

John, born October 1734-5; died 1706, married Elizabeth Champlin. 
Hannah, born August 25, 1736; married Jeffry Watson, Jr., 1757. 
Ezekiel, Jr., born August 25, 1738. 
Mary born February 20, 1740. 

Elisha, born June 4, 1742; died June 9, 1777, married Desire Brown, 
daughter of Beriah. 

George, born July 2, 1745. 

David, born February 15, 1747. 

Nicholas, bom May 29, 1749; died July 16, 1812. 

Peleg, born November 24, 1750. 

Zebulon, born April 20, 1753. 

Jeffrey, born 1755. 

Oliver, born 1757. 

WiU of Ezekiel Gardner. 

In the name of God Amen this seventeenth day of December in the 
year of our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninjety eight, I 
Ezekiel Gardner of North Kingstown in the County of Washington and 
State of Rhode Island and providence plantation yeoman being ad- 
vanced in years, but of a sound disposing mind and memory thanks be 
given unto God therefor and calling to mind the mortahty of my body 
Kinowing that it is appointed unto all men once to die; do make and 
ordain this Instrument to be my last will and Testament ; First of all 
I give and recommend my Soul into the hands of God that gave it & 
my body I commit to the earth to be therein decently buried at the Dis- 
cretion of my executors hereinafter named & as Touching of such 
worldly state as it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life I give 
& dispose of the Same in the following manner and Form — 

my will is that all my Just debets & Funeral Charges be first weil 
& Truly paid by my Executors — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my son John Gardner Ten Acres of land 
of the Northwest corner of the Farm which I purchased of John Whit- 
man with a Dwelling House thereon Standing to be laid off so as to take 
said House on his Ten Acres, also all that my Farm containing about 
Seventy-five acres, being the Farm I purchased of my brother Silvester 
Gardner adjoining the said Ten Acres, all situated in exeter, unto him 
his heirs & assigns forever also three pair of Sheets to be deHvered him 
by my executors — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my son Ezekiel Gardner all that my Tract 
of land which I purchased of John Finder with a Dwelling House & 
other buildings thereon standing containing about Seventy acres also 
that Tract of Land Which I purchased of Jonathan Hassard containing 
Forty acres all situated in said North Kingstown unto him his heirs and 
assigns Forever he giving his brother Peleg Gardner a Quit claim of 
the Twenty acres which I heretofore gave him a deed of on the Whit- 
man farm so called he well and Truly paying and performing what I 
shall herein order him to pay unto his Sister Mary Gardner Also one 


Featherbed beding & Curtains about it being the same bed which I 

lodge on. — 


I give and bequeath my son Nicholas Gardner all that my Farm 
Lying in Exeter containing one hundred & Twenty Two acres which I 
purchased of Benjamin Northrop with a Dwelling House thereon Stand- 
ing unto him his heirs and assignes Forever — also Two pairs of Sheets 
&one Diaper Table Cloth to be delivered him by my executors — 

I give and bequeath unto my son Peleg Gardner all the remainder 
of the Farm which I purchased of John Whitman Situated in Sd. Elxeter, 
saving of the Fifteen acres which I gave my son Jeffrey Gardner a Deed 
of, containing about one hundred and sixty Three acres, unto him his 
heirs and assigns Forever-^also three pair of Sheets to be delivered him 
by my executor. — 

I give and bequeath unto my son Zebulon Gardner all that my Tract 
of Land which I purchased of Benoni Gardner Lying and being in said 
Exeter containing about one Hundred and Seventyy acres with a Dwell- 
ing House and barn thereon Standing whereon he now lives being the 
Farm which formerly belonged unto James Sweet unto him & his heirs 
and assigns Forever he having a deed of Fifteen acres thereof, already 
also Two pair of Sheets and one Diaper Table cloth to be delivered him 
by executors — I also devise unto my said son Zebulon Gardner & his 
heirs and assigns Forever Twenty acres of Land Situate in said Exeter 
being part of the Farm I bought of Benoni Gardner, commonly called 
the Slocum land to be laid of the east of said Tract. — 

I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Mary Gardner the sum of 
Six Hundred good Spanish milled Dollars to be paid unto her by my son 
Ezekiel Gardner out of the estate which I have herein given him to be 
paid her the one half Sum in one year after my decease & Three hun- 
dred Dollars being the other half in Two years after my decease. I 
also give my said daughter one milch Cow Three good Feather Beds 
cords beding & Furniture and curtains to each bed — One Set of Curtains 
more being the Same she calls hers also. Two coverlids Twenty pair 
of Sheets a Cotton Coverlid Two bedspreads & Three blankets to each 
bed. Three Diaper Table cloths, One large Cubbord which stands in 
th Store bedroom, one low case of Drawers one round Table and Tea 
Table one Dozen of Chears one mettle Teapot and Tea Kittle one Coffee 
pot which She calls hers together with one half of my Crockry puter 
and Iron Ware Six Napkins Five Chests one large Trunk my least 
Great Chair one Ironing Table one Quilt my large looking Glass and 
Warming: pan, one box Iron and heaters & two large Silver Spoons, and 
all Small' things in my house called hers. One Side Saddle & Bridle all 
to be delivered her by Executors Immediatly after my decease. 

I give and bequeath unto my son George Gardner & confirm unto 
him his heirs and assigns forever The Ten Acres of Land which I here- 
tofore gave him a Deed of which is part of my pinder land Situated in 
Said Northkingstown — I also give and bequeath unto my said son 
George Gardner one Silver milled Dollar to be paid him by my executors. 


I give and bequeath unto my Granddaughter Honor Gardner, 
Daughter of my son Elisha Gardner dec'd now wife of Gideon Gardner 
one Silver milled Dollar I order my executors to pay her. 

I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Hannah Watson the wife 
of Jeffery Watson the Sum of One Dollar to be paid her by my E-xecu- 
tors She having already received her portion of my Estate. 

I give and bequeath unto my Grandson Alexander Gardner (son of 
my son Elisha) Ninety Acres of Land Situated in said Exeter of the 
land purchased of Benoni Gardner, called the Slocum farm, to be next 
adjoining the Twenty acres which I herein gave my son Zebulun Gard- 
ner — to nim the said Alexander his heirs & assigns forever, also one 
Featherbed one pair of Sheets & coverlid to the Same — Said bed was 
his Fathers — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Grandson Jesse Gardner (Son of my 
son Elisha) Thirty acres of land Situated in Sd. Exeter next adjoining 
the land above given to Alexander, of the said Slocum F'arm being the 
remainder of said Tract, unto him his heirs and assigns forever — 
Item — 

It is my mind and will and meaning that my above named Grand- 
sons Alexander & Jesse shall make & execute an acquitting unto my son 
Zebulun Gardner of their respective Rights in the Twenty acres of land 
which I formerly gave their Father a deed or upon their reciving the 
land given them as afores*d which land is given them upon that 
Condition — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Granddaughter Dorcas Sherman 
Daughter of Said Son Elisha Gardner Dec'd one Cow to be delivered her 
by my executors upon her acquitting of her Right in the Twenty acres 
of land which I formerly gave her said Father as afores'd. — unto my son 
Zebulun Gardner — 

I give and bequeath unto my Granddaughter Elizabeth Gardner 
daughter of my said son Elisha Dec'd one Cow one Featherbed & beding 
belonging thereto, one high Case of Draws, one looking Glass, one 
warming pan & Teakittle, six Chears — and some Iron puter and Crock- 
eryware which was her fathers, also one round Table & Tea Table all to 
be delivered her by my executors & upon condition that she acquit her 
right unto her uncle Zebulun Gardner in the Twenty acres of land in 
exeter which I formerly gave her said Father a Deed on I also give her 
the Sheets to be delivered her byy Executors — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my son Oliver Gardner my Silver Tankard 
& the other half of my Crockery, Iron and puter ware & my Cart & 
plows & Harrows & all the rest of my Farming Utencils also three beds 
beding & Furniture Including of one set of Curtains & Six milke Cows 
one pair of oxen, Thirty Sheep my Desk & Brass Kittle my Negro boy 
Domine to his own Use & he to maintain S'd Negro when he comes 
to want — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Granddaughter Mary Gardner Daugh- 
ter of my son JefFry Gardner Deceased the Sum of one Silver milled Dol- 



lar to be paid her by my Executors, her said Father having heretofore 
in his life received of me his part of my estate as I intended for him — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Two sons Ezekiel Gardner and Oliver 
Gardner all the rest and residues of my movable Eistate not before by me 
given away in this my will to be Equally divided between them Share 
and Share alike they paying all my Just debets Funeral Charges and all 
Such Legacys as I have herein ordered them to pay and deliver, Lastly 
I do hereby constitute and appoint my said Two sons Ezkiel Gardner 
and Oliver Gardner Executors to this my will Strictly Requesting of 
them to see the Same fuUfilled according to the True Intent and Mean- 
ing thereof hereby making this only to be my last will & Testament. 
In Witness Whereof I have hereunto Set my hand and Seal the day and 
Date first afore Written — 

The word "Dbllar" in the Legacy given my son George was inter- 
lined before Signing & Sealing 
Signed sealed published pronounced & declared 
by the Testator Ezekiel Gardner, to be his last well 
and Testament in presence of us. 

(signed) (signed) 


Jno. H'assard 
Martha H'assard 

I Ezekiel Gardner of Northkingstown in the County of Washington 
and State of Rhode Island &c, being aged but yet of sound mind and 
Memory. Whereas on the Seventeenth day of December in the year of 
our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety Eight I did make 
publish pronounce and declare in' Writing my last will and Testament, 
therein disposing of all my Estate which will I hereby confirm in all 
its parts Saving of the Alterrations herein to me made in which will I 
did give and bequeath unto my son John Gardner who was then livinjaj 
but Since deceased in the following words "Item I give and Bequeath 
unto my son John Gardner Ten Acres of Land of the Northwest corner 
of the Farme which I purchased of John Whitman with a Dwelling: 
House thereon Standing to be laid of so as to take said House on his 
Ten Acres, also all that my Farm containing about Seventy five Acres 
being the Farme I purchased of my Brother Silvester Gardner adjoining 
the said Ten Acres, all Situated in Exeter, unto him his heirs & assigns 
forever, also three pair of Sheets to be delivered him by my Executors" 
all which Legacy I hereby declare Void. 
Item — 

I give and devise and Bequeath unto my Grandson Ezekiel Gardner, 
the son of my said Son John Gardner Deceased, Ten Acres of Land of 
the North West Corner of the Farm which I purchased of John Whit- 
man with a Dwelling House thereon Standing to be laid of so as to take 
said House he allowing his Mother Elisabeth Gardner to live in & Im- 
prove all the New Ehd of said House as Long as she remain my said 
Sons Widow on his said Ten Acres of Land, also all that my Farm 
containing about Seventy five Acres, being the Farm I purchased of 
my Brother Silvester Gardner adjoining the said Ten Acres, all Situated 
in Exeter, unto him the said Ezekiel Gardner his heirs and assigns For- 


ever, H'e paying unto his Brothers & Sisters what I shall herein In join 
on him to in this my Codicil I also give him my said Grandson Ezekiel 
Gardner three pair of Sheets to be delivered him by my Ebcecutors. — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Grand Children herein after Named 
Children of my Said Son John Gardner deceased, Namely, Dorcas Rey- 
nolds wife of Henryy Reynolds, Hannah Gardner, Almy Gardner, Mary 
Gardner, Elisabeth Gardner, John Gardner, and Jeifry Gardner the Sum 
of one good Silver milled Dollar a piece that is one Dollar to Each of 
them, to be paid unto them Respectively by said Grandson Ezekiel Gard- 
ner the Son of my said Son John Gardner Deceased out of the Estate 
which I have herein given him within one year after my deceas — 

Lastly I make and ordain this my codicil amended to my afore 
recited will & Testament to be part and parcel of my last will & Testa- 
ment, In Witness Wlierepf I have hereunto Set my hand and Seal This 
Fourteenth day of November in the year of our Lord one Thousand and 
Eight Hundred 

Signed sealed published pronounced and 
declared by the Testator Ezekiel Gardner to be part 
and parcel of his last will & Testament 
in presence of 

(signed) (signed) 


Jno. Hassard 
Nathan G. Hazard 

The word Dollar on this 
page Interlined before Signing and Sealing — 
also the name Elisabeth Gardner in said House or as 
put in before Sign & Seal'g 

The aforesaid will and codicil was presented unto the Court of 
Probate in Northkingstown & read before the s'd Court on the 22d day 
of April A. D. 1805, and personally appeared before the said Court 
George Thomas, and John Hassard and Martha Hassard the Subscribing 
Witnesses to the said will and all on their Solemn Engagements de- 
clared that they saw the Testator Ezekiel Gardner esq'r late of said 
Town deceased Sign seal publish pronounce and declare the same to be 
his last will & Testament and at the Time of Signing and Sealing thereof 
he the Testator appeared to them to be of a Sound disposing mind and 
memory, & that they three in the presence of the Testator, and each 
other Subscribed their Names to the Same as Witnesses, and on the 
Same day before said Court personally appeared the said George 
Thomas, John Haszard & Nathan G. Hassard the Subscribing Witt- 
nesses to this Codicil (anexed to Said Will, and all on their Solemn 
Engagements declared that they Saw the Testator Ezekiel Gardner 
Esq'r. deceased Sign Seal Publish pronounce and declare the said Codicil 
to be part & parcel of his Last Will and Testament, and at the Time 
of Signing and Sealing of the Same he the Testator appeared to them 
to be of a Sound disposing mind & memory and they three in presence 
of the Said Testator and Each other Subscribed their Names to the 
Same as Wittne^-ses. This Will and Codicil being thus proved is ap- 


proved on & allowed by the said Court of probate above said to be good 
and Vallid Will. 

Wits. GEO. THOMAS, Probate Clk. 

This will and Codicil is recorded on the 277. 278. 279. 280. 281. & 
282d. pages of the probate books recording of Wills &c in North kings- 
town this 23d. day of April A. D. 1805. 

(signed)) WS. GEO. THOMAS, Tn. Clerk. 


Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Lydia, daughter of Nicholas and Mary (Northup) Gardner, mar- 
ried May 7, 1730, John Spencer, son of Michael and Elizabeth Spencer. 
He was born Jan. 5, 1700. 

Their children were : 

Nicholas, born June 27, 1731. 

Isabel, born Aug. 10, 1733, married George Weaver, son of Jona- 
than Sept. 28, 1749. 

Silas, born Nov. 18, 1735, married Dorcas Gardner, daughter of 
Caleb, 1758. 

Micfiael, born Jan. 6, 1744-5. 

George, born Feb. 28, 1752. 


Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Tabitha, daughter of Nicholas and Mary (Northup) Gardner, mar- 
ried Jeremiah Gardner, son of Jeremiah and Grace Gardner. He was 
born 1 7 19. 

Their children were : 

Lydia, born June 15, 1741, married John Northup. 

Phebe, born May 27, 1745, died July 27, 1771. Was (2) wife of John 

Benjamin, born Nov. 9, 1746, married Tabitha Browning, May 22, 
1766. She was born Sept. 4, 1748, died July 13, 1821. 





Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Nicholas and Mary (Northup) Gardner, married 
Peleg Tripp, June 28, 1728. 
Their children were : 


Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Nathan, son of Nicholas and Mary (Northup) Gardner, was born 
1721, died April 13, 1792. Married Katherin, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Mary (Hannah) Niles. She was born March 25, 1725, died June 16, 
1772. He married (2) Thankful . 

Their children were : 

Mary, born Mar. 5, 1743, died before her father, probably unmarried. 

Nathan, born May 15, 1747, died Mar., 1802; married Mary John- 
son, Feb. 2, 1782. 

Sarah, born Dec. 28, 1751, died Nov. 11, 1778; married John Hazard. 

Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Robert and Lydia (Littlefield) Gardner, married 
William Hall, Aug. 25, 1754. He was son of Benony and Elizabeth 
(Gardner) Hall. 

Their children were : 

Benony, born June 20, 1755. 

Waite, born Feb. 4, 1757; died July 2, 1758. 

Isaac, born April 6, 1761. 


Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Anna, daughter of Robert and Lydia (Littlefield) Gardner, was 
born about 1722. She married Robert Reynolds, July^ 1742 
Their children of whom we have record were : 
Joseph, married Elizabeth Gardner, April 12, 1765. 
William Hall, married Lydia Reynolds, Dec. 20, 1771. 


Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Henry, son of Nicholas and Mary (Northup) Gardner, was born 
according to his tombstone inscription, in 1704, died 1791. Married 
Abigail Eldred, June 30, 1726. She was born 1708. Died March 6, 1773. 

Their children were : 

Hannah, born 1727. Married William Champlin. 

Martha, born 1731. Died Feb. 21, 1793. Married Nov. 9, 1749, 
Thomas Gardiner, of Boston Neck, son of John and Mary. 

Mary, married Col. Joseph Stanton, of Charleston, R. I., his second 

Abigail, born 1740. Died July 24, 1758. Married Nicholas Spencer. 

1739 he was admitted freeman. 1741 Deputy for New Shore- 
ham. 1743 was in South Kingstown. 1750-56, he was Deputy from 
South Kingstown. 


Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Caleb, son of Nicholas and Mary (Northup) Gardner, died Nov. 
22, 1796. Married Isabella Sherman, daughter of Abiel and Dorcas 
(Gardner) Sherman, Feb. 20, 1734. 

Their children were : 

Sarah, born Apr. 29, 1736, married Bos. 

Dorcas, born Mar. 16, 1739, married Silas Spencer. 

Nicholas, born Dec. 8, 1744; died 1784, married Sarah . 

Tabitha, born Apr. 8, 1748. 

Experience, born Nov. i, 1751. Married Pardon Mowney, son of 
John and Amy (Gibbs) Mowney. 

Mary, born , married (i) Joseph Perkins, (2) Elisha Potter. 

Mentioned in her father's will as daughter, Mary Potter. 


Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Susannah, daughter of Nicholas and Mary (Eldred) Gardnef, was 

born 19, 1725, died August, 1783. She married Capt. Robert 

Northup about 1745. He was son of David and Susannah (Congdon) 
Northup. Hie died September 5, 1783. 

Their children were : 

David, born May 9, 1746, married Anstess Crandall, March 9, 1789. 

Dorcas, born Nov. 30, 1748. 

Nicholas, born Oct. 26, 175 1. 

Hannah, born Aug. 12, 1755. 

Benjamin, born Dec. 18, 1757. 

William, born June 4, 1760. 

Joannah Gardner (3), George (2), George (i). 

Daniel, son of Daniel and Joannah (Gardner) Hill, was born Nov. 
17, 1721, married Elnathan Greene Oct. 29, 1747. She was the widow 
of Thomas Greene and daughter of John kice. 

Their children were : 

Tabitha, born Dec. 12, 1750. 

Elnathan, born Apr. 12, 1753. 

Daniel, born March 27, 1755. 

Sarah, born July 6, 1760. 


Joannah Gardner (3), George (2), George (i). 

Susannah, daughter of Daniel and Joannah (Gardner) Hill, was 
born Aug^ust 6, 1724, married Ayers Ellis, March 28, 1755. 
Their children were : 



Jeremiah, born Dec. ii, 1755, married Amy Austin, 29, 1802. 

Augustus, born Apr. 9, 1758, married Desire Slocum, daughter of 
Charles, of Portsmouth, Ott. 3, 1779. 
Elizabeth, born June 26, 1760. 
Joannah, born Sept. 22, 1763. 


Joannah Gardner (3), George (2), George (i). 

Tabitha, daughter of Daniel and Joannah (Gardner) Hill, was born 
in Kingstown, Dec. 3, 171 1 ; died January 8, 1749. She married Ephriam 
Howard of Mass., March 31, 1742. He died Aug. 9, 1759. 

Their children were : 

Ephriam born Feb. 28, 1743, married Elizabeth Meyers Apr. 12, 1764. 

Caleb, born Dec. 4, 1745. 

Daniel, born June 12, 1748. 


Joannah Gardner (3), George (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Daniel and Joannah (Gardner) Hill, was born 
Feb. 21, 1718, married, March 31, 1748, John Case. 
Their children were: 
Nathaniel, born Oct. 31, 1748. 
Tabitha, born June 25, 1751. 


Samuel (3), George (2), George (i). 

Martha, daughter of Samuel and Ann (Briggs) Gardner, was born 
May 28, 1723, in East Grenwich. She married Thomas Nichols, Aug. 

13, 1741. 

Their children were : 

Rebecca, born Jan. 10, 1742; died young. 

Rachel, married Job Whitford, Oct. 27, 1777. 

Rebecca, born Jan. 10, 1744; married William Sweet, Jr., March Q, 

Anne, born July 2, 1755. 

Samuel (3), George (2), George (i). 

Thomas, son of Samuel and Ann (Briggs) Gardner, was born May 
5, 1707, died 1774. Married (i) Aliah Downing, Feb. 17, 1731. She was 
a daughter of Mrs. Mary Browning. Married (2) Katherine . 

Their children were : 

Mary, born Nov. 23, 1744. 

Richard, born Feb. 3, 1745- 

Thomas, born Mch. 23, 1746. 

Samuel, born May 13, 1750, died in Newport. 

Tabitha, born May 24, 1752. 


Will of Thomas Gardner. 

In the Name of God Amen this Thirteenth day of October in the 
year of our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy Four, I 
Thomas Gardner of South KSngstown in the County of Washington and 
State of Rhode Island and providence plantation yeoman being ad- 
vanced in years but of Sound disposing mind and memory thanks be 
given unto God therfor and calling to mind the mortality of my body 
Knowing that it is appointed unto all men once to die; do make and 
ordain this Instrument to be my last will and Testament; First of all I 
give and recommend my Soul into the hands of God that gave it & my 
body I commit to the earth to be therein decently buried at the Dis- 
cretion of my executor hereinafter named & as Touching of such worldly 
estates as it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life I give and 
dispose of the same in the following manner and Form. 
Imprimis — 

my will is that all my Just debets & Funeral Charges be first well 
&truly paid by my Executor — 
Item — 

I give and Bequeath unto my wife Katherin all the household stuff 
& goods which she broup^ht me, Her choice of Negro Women Freelove 
or Kate. The Use & Improvement of the West part of My Dwelling 
House & a privilege in the Kitchen for & During ye Time she shall 
remain my widow also one Cow to be kept by my Executor for and 
During her widowhood in lieu of her Right and Dbwer of Third. 
Item — 

Son Thomas Gardner should he be still alive my Silver Tankard 
& all ye money at present due to me by Note bond & Book all of which 
to remain in hands of my executor & should he not return I give & be- 
queath all ye above to my executor. 
Item — 

Son Henry Richard Gardner my Negro Boy Prince one Feather 
Bed Bedsted and furniture when he shall arrive to ye age of twenty 
one years, one half of ye mortgage I have upon my Estate of Jeffry 
Watson Esq to be paid by my Executor when he comes of age & one 
large Silver Spoon also instruction in reading writing and arithmetic 
to be paid for by Executor. 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my son Samuel Gardner Negro girl Lydia 
one feather Bed Bedsted when he- shall arrive at ye age of twenty one 
years & one half of ye mortgage I have upon ye Estate of Jeffry Watson 
Esq. to be paid by my Executor when he comes of age and one large 
silver spoon also instructions in Reading Writing & Arithmetic all to 
be paid by my Executor. Also I give and bequeath unto my Sons 
Henry Richard & Samuel Gardner my New Coat, Breeches and three 
Silver Teaspoons to be equally divided between them, Also I give and 
bequeath unto my grandsons Joseph Hull & Thomas Hull one Large 
Silver Spoon each. 
Item — 

I give and Devise unto my son Richard Gardner my mansion House 
Barn Cribb out Houses together with all my Lands adjoining being in 
South Kingstown aforesaid to him his Heirs & Assigns forever. Also 
my negro man James & one of my negro women also all my Stock of 


Cattle Horses Sheep & Hogs together with my farming utensils & all 
my other Estate both Real and Personal not hereinbefore Disposed of 
he paying ye Several Legacies hereinbefore given away & I do hereby 
Constitute ordain & appoint my son Richard Gardner sole Executor of 
this my last will & Testament. 

Revoking Disannulling & Discharging all other & former wills & 
testaments by me heretofore made or said to be made I ratify & Confirm 
this & no other to be my last will & Testament ye day and year fijst 
above written. 

Signed sealed published & pronounced & 
declared by the Testator Thomas Gardner to 
be his last Will & Testament in the 
presence of us. 

W. Hammond. THOMAS GARDNER (seal) 

John Gardner. 

Joseph Torrey. 

William Potter, Clerk of Council. 
Recorded ye sixteenth of December 1774. 

Samuel (3), George (2), George (i). 

Samuel, son of Samuel and Ann (Briggs) Gardner, was born April 
25 » 1709. Married Mary , 1735. 

In 1734 he was admitted freeman from East Greenwich, he was 
then called Samuel Gardner, Jr. In 1744 he was called Samuel Gardner 
of Exeter. 

We have but one record of issue : 

Ann, born May 2, 1736. Married Jonathan Olin, Feb. 24, 1757. 

Samuel (3), George {2)^ George (i). 

John, son of Samuel and Ann (Briggs) Gardner, was born in Green- 
wich, R. I., Dec. 15, 1717. Married. 

Children were : 

Samuel, born Aug. 29, 1742. Died, Dec. 18, 1762. Married Cath- 
erine Greene. 

Mary, born Feb. 12, 1745. 

Abigail, born Feb. i, 1747. 

Ruth, born Mch. 20, 1750. 

William, born Feb. 9, 1756. Married Hester Nichols, Feb. 27, 1780. 


John (3), George (2), George (i). 

Mary, daug-hter of John and Mary (Rathbun) Gardner, married 
Tosiah Mumford, Nov. 29, 1739. He was the son of Peleg and Mary 
(Bull) Mumford. 


Their children were : 

Waite, born June 27, 1742 ; died Oct. 7, 1743. 

William Gardner, born Nov. 26, 1744, married Elizabeth about 1769. 
Josiah, born May 30, 1747, married Deborah Lillibridge, born j 
Dec. 30, 1749. ; 

Mary, born June 17, 1751, died Feb. 26, 1752. | 

Sarah, born May i, 1753. 
Hannah, born Jan. 18, 1755. 


John (3), George (2), George (i). 

John, son of John and Mary (Rathbun) Gardner, was born July ^ 
2^, 1727. Married Ann about 1746. 

Their children were: 

Abel, born Sept. 2, 1747. Married Dorathy Waite, born May 2, 1750. 

Died 1 8 14. Married Gardner. In her will she mentions daughters, 

Sarah B. Gardner and Dorcas Gardner, who was to have a legacy from 
her aunt Dorcas Gardner. Also brother John Gardner, of Exeter. 

Zelpha, born Jan. 14, 1752, died 1752. 

John, born Apr. 7, 1753, married Mary, daughter of Samuel and Ann 
Gardner, Apr. 7, 1775. 

Henry, born Apr. 5, 1755. 

Samuel Green, born May 13, 1757. 

Mary Gardner, born Apr. 7, 1759. 
Ann, born July J, 1761. 

Margaret, born Aug. 27, 1767. 

Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Nicholas, son of Nicholas and Mary (Eldred) Gardner, was born 
in Kingstown, Dec. 6, 1710; married (i) 1729, Martha Havens, daughter 
of William Hiavens of North Kingstown. She died Sept. 25, 1746. 
Nicholas Gardner died in 1801. He was a large land holder and owner 
of many slaves. 

Children : 

Mary, born Sept. 22, 1732; married Oliver Reynolds Feb. 28, 1759. 

William, born Sept. 19, 1734; married Martha Reynolds, Mar. 2, 

Margaret, born June 13, 1736. 

Nicholas, born Mar. 2, 1738; died June 6, 1815. 

Martha, born Aug. 31, 1739; married Stephen Arnold Mar. 3, 1760. 

Ann, born May 28, 1741 ; married Samuel Morey. 

Elizabeth, born Sept. 22, 1743; married Daniel Champlin. 

Huling, born Aug. 18, 1745; married Elizabeth Northup, daughter 
ii' Immanuel. 

Nicholas Gardner, married (2) Dorcas, who died Mar. 23, 1775. 
Children as follows: 

James, born Oct. 26, 1750; died Feb. 4, 1795. 

Sylvester, born Aug. 30, 1752; married Hannah Reynolds. 


Francis, born April 4, 1755; niarried Watey West. 

Dorcas, born Mar. 12, 1760; died 181 1. 

1746 and 1754 he was Deputy. 

1759 he was added to the war committee. 

1767 he was Lieutenant Colonel. 


Henry (3), Henry (2), George (i). 

Abigail, daughter of Henry and Catherin (Davis) Gardner, was 
born March 9, 1732. Married Thomas Mumford, May 23, 175 1. 
Their children were: 

Henry, born May 28, 1753. Died Oct. 21, 1753. 
Thomas, born June 26, 1755. 


Ephriam (3), Henry (2), George (i). 

Samuel, son of Ephriam and Penelope (Bldred) Gardner, was born 

Jan. 16, 1719, died 1802. Married Amy Easton, 12, 1749. She was 

the daughter of Jonathan and Patience Easton, died 1810. 

Their children were: 

Walter Clarke, 

Sarah, married John Gardner, Dec. 13, 1772. 

Susannah, born 1751, died June 16, i8oi8. 

Samuel Eldred, born 1765; died Sept. 9, 1830. 






Thomas Rodman. 

1778 Samuel Gardner's estate was mortgaged to Thomas Brown 
for one hundred and sixty-seven Spanish Milled dollars. The same year. 
May, 1778, the General Assembly voted that the sheriff for the County 
of Kings inquire into the present valuation of the estates of Samuel 
Gardner and William Robinson in South Kingstown. The report of the 
Sheriff Beriah Brown, was to the effect that the estate of William Rob- 
inson was mortgaged to his brother Sylvester Robinson for four thous- 
and and — Spanish Milled Dollars, payable 1773. He said Sylvester 
who is possessed of the premises said that William owed him also a 
sum of money not included in the mortgage. 

Also the estate of Samuel Gardner was mortgaged as above. Elijah 
Babcock, the present occupant was to pay Samuel Gardner 150 dollars 
and five hundred weight of post. 

In February, 1779. the Assembly ordered that the sheriff take pos- 
session of the estate of Samuel Gardner in South Kingstown immedi- 
ately. Said Gardner being then with the enemy in Newport. 

In 1777 his daughter Susannah, was allowed to go to Newport with 
a flag of truce to see her father. 



William (3), William (2), George (i). 

William, son of William and Mary Gardner, died Feb. 6, 1781. 
Married Freelove Joslin. 

Their children were: 

Clarke, born Aug. 3, 1737, married Ann Lillibridge, Nov. i, 1759- 
She died Aug. 17, 1785. 

Thomas, born Mar. 7, 1738, married Abigail Parker, June 21, 1764. 

Stephen, born June 7, 1740, married Dorcas Watson. 

May, born Feb. 13, 1744. 


Desire, born Nov. 26, 1749. 

Gideon, born Nov. 15, 1751, died Feb., 1757. 

Henry (3), Henry (2), George (i). 

Henry, son of Henry and Desire (Havens) Gardner, was born June 
16, 1714. Married Ann Champlain, daughter of Christopher and Eliza- 
beth (Dennison) Champlain, June 27, 1736. She was the great grand- 
daughter of John Howland, one of the passengers on the Mayflower. 
She was born March 29, 1714, died 1798. 

Their children were: 

Christopher, born Feb. 7, 1737, married Mercy Wheeler, daughter 
of Thomas and Desire Wheeler, Jan. 23, 1760. 

George, born Jan. 3, 1739, died June 20, 1756. 

Jonathan, born Oct. 14, 1741, married Mary Mowry, July 22, 1764. 

Henry, born June 10, 1748, married Ruth . 

James, born Sept. 30, 1749, married Abigail Tefft, June 2*]^ 1771. 

Desire, born Mar. 31, 1751. 

Henry (3), Henry (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Henry and Catherin (Davis) Gardner, was born 
July 25, 1728, married Jonathan Hazard April 16, 1747. He was the son 
of Robert and Sarah (Borden) Hazard. 

Their children were: 

Catharin, born Mar. 9, 1748, died young. 

Henry, born Apr. 6„ 1749, married (i) Martha Clarke, (2) Rebecca 
Crouse, widow of Caleb EJdredge. 

Catharine, born Aug. 30, 1751. 

Robert, born June 24, 1753. 

Sarah, born July 23, 1755. 

Mary, born 1757. 

Edah, born 1759. 




Ephriam (3), Henry (2), George (i). 

James, son of Ephriam and Penelope (Eldred) Gardner, was born 
July 10, 1 72 1. 

Married Waite Coggeshall, daughter of Joseph. 

Their children were: 

David, born Dec. 19, 1751, died Feb. 10, 1755. 

May, born Nov. 3, 1752. 

Waite, born Sept. 2, 1754, died Dec. 9, 1813. 

Ann, born Mch. 29, 1759. 

James, born Sept. 4, 1762. 

Susannah, born Dec. 6, 1763. 

Abigail, born Sept. 7, 1766. 

Samuel, born Jan. 22, 1769, died 1801. 

Wtariton, born June i, 1771. 


Among the body of troops formed for the safety and defense of the 
colonies in Rhode Island was the independent company called the 
"Kingstown Reds." It seemed to have been a very active organization, 
and is frequently referred to in the events which occurred within the 
State. Only one roll of this company has been found among the public 
records and that refers to the company in May, 1776. It is believed to 
be the only list extant and for that reason has been printed. 

John Gardner, Captain. 
Thomas Potter, First Lieutenant. 
Rouse T. Helme, Second Lieutenant. 
Rowland Brown, Ensign. 


John Weight, 
James Cottrell, 
Richard Gardner, 
Jeremiah Sheffil, 
Jone Rose, 
James Pearce, 
John Petrill, 
Allen James, 
James Rose, 
James Helme, Jr., 
George Tefft, 
Nathan Gardner, 
Benjamin Perry, 
Walter Watson, 
William Rodman, 
Frederick Gardner, 
James Purkins, 
William Aplin, 
James Champlain, 
William Dyer, Jr., 
Copied from the Revolutionary 

Nathan Cotrelle, 

Jeremiah Brown, 

Henry Reynolds, 

Christopher Brown, 

George Wilson, 

Caleb Waistcoat, 

Robert Helme, 

John Weeden, 

Lory Gardner, 

John Tory, 

David Douglas, 

James Tefft, 

William Clarke, 

5k)lomon Tefft, 

James Potter, 

Nicholas Easton Gardner, 

Allin Gardner, 

Ephriam Gardner, 

John Clark, Jr. 

Rolls, State archives. 


William (3), Joseph (2), George (i). 

Sea-Captain, born in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1739, died there 
December 24, 1806. Living near the harbor and owning a boat, he was 
in boyhood familiar with the waters and islands of Narragansett Bay, 
and as a young man became a sea captain, sailing his own ship to 
China, to the East Indies, and made other long voyages. Before the 
beginning of the Revolution he had retired from the sea and engaged 
in mercantile pursuits in his native town. The war found him a strong 
Whig. He raised a Company, was assigned with it to Richmond's 
regiment, of which he became Lieutenant Colonel, and was later a 
member of the counsel of war and of the Rhode Island state govern- 
ment. He was residing in N'ewport in 1778, when the French squad- 
ron Count d'Estaing was blockaded by the greatly superior . British 
fleet. under Admiral Howe. A sudden and dense fog prevented an 
immediate attack of the English ; but they occupied both entrances to 
the harbor, and waited for daylight. Captain Gardner had noted from 
his house top through his spy-glass the position of the hostile fleets, 
and, as soon as it was dark, rowed himself to the ship of the French 
Admiral, offered to pilot him to a safe position, and with his own hand 
steered the Admiral's ship through a channel which he had known from 
boyhood, the other vessels, with all lights extinguished, following sin- 
gly in his wake. 

Having piloted the French beyond the enemy and to clear water, 
he returned to the island, reached his owji house before daylight, and 
was among the groups along the water front who marveled when the 
fog lifted, at the disappearance of the French fleet. Count d'Estaing's 
report of the aflFair to Ix>uis XVI. was confidential, since its disclosure 
would have exposed his guide to the dangerous displeasure of the 
English government, and to the Tory element in Rhode Island : but the 
King, through his Embassador in the L^iiited States, the Chevalier de la 
Luzerne, sent to the antateur pilot a sum of money with which the 
latter bought an estate near Newport, and built upon it a house, portions 
of which still remain in the cottage known to the visitor of today as 

Throughout the war Captain Gardner was a trusty adviser of the 
French officers in Rhode Island and of General Washington, who was 
his friend and correspondent. After peace was declared he was made 
French Consul at Newport, where he resided till his death, being presi- 
dent of a bank, warder of Trinity church, and a head of the volunteer 
fire department of the town. 

His great grandson, Dorsey, born in Philadelphia, August ist, 1842, 
is a grandson of Dr. Tohn Syng Dorsey. He removed to Trenton, N. J., 
in 1854 and entered Yale in i860, but was not graduated. In 1864-5 he 
published the "Daily Monitor," a journal established at Trenton in sup- 
port of the Lincoln administration in the conduct of the war, and with 
the special purpose of creating public sentiment through New Jersey 
against the extension of the exclusive privilege of transportation be- 
tween New York and Philadelphia which was then possessed by the 
Camden and Amboy railroad company. In 1866-8 he was one of the 
editors and proprietors of the "Round Table," a weekly literary and 


critical journal published in New York. After spending several months 
in Europe he held editorial positions on the "Commercial Adviser" and 
the "Christian Union" of New York until he removed to Florida in 
1869. Returning thence to Philadelphia in 1872, he became one of the 
secretaries of the United States Centennial commission and was charged 
with the publication of all the official documents relating to the Inter- 
national exhibition of 1876, including its catalogue and eleven volumes 
of final reports. Subsequently he assisted in the state department at 
Washington, D. C, in the preparation of the official report on the Paris 
International Eochibition of 1881 by the United States Commission — 
General C. McCormick. He has published **Quatre Bras, Ligny, and 
Waterloo: a narrative of the campaign in Belgium, 1815." (Boston 
and London 1882) and '*A condensed etymological dictionary of the 
English language, **A rearrangement on an etymological basis, of the 
''American Dictionary of the English Language'' of Dr. Noah Webster, 
Springfield, Mass., and New York 1884, L<)ndon 1886. 


Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sylvester, son of Nicholas and Mary (Eldridge) Gardner, was born 
Aug. 3, 1714. He; married Lydia Dawley, 1736. 

Children : 

Palmer, born Sept. 19, 1737; died 1798. 


Daniel, born 1746. 

Tabitha; died between 1768 and 1772. 

Joseph, born 1747; died Dec. 15, 1816. 

Benjamin, born 1748; died Aug. 12, 1825. 


He had deed from his father Nicholas on March 30, 1737 of 70 
acres **of that land which was purchased of Peter Reynolds, bounded 
on north by highway, east by John Wightman, south by College lands, 
west by land which I have given my son Ezekiel." This land lies in the 
southeast angle of Gardiner's Four Corners in Exeter. Sylvester set- 
tled there and built his house, he afterwards sold this land to his brother 

On the first Wednesday of May, 1757, Sylvester was admitted as 
freeman of West Greenwich. 

On March 17, 1761, he purchased a farm of 70 acres from Abraham 
Matteson at West Greenwich. This deed was witnessed by Jeremiah 
Gardner and Amos Stafford. This land as nearly as can be ascertained 
was about two miles south of West Greenwich near the Connecticut line 
and about six miles south of the station Greene on the New York and 
New England railroad. 

This farm Sylvester and Lydia his wife conveyed April 13. 1766, to 
their son Palmer. This deed of gift was witnessed by John and Tabitha 
^jardner before George Dyer, justice of the peace. 

Lydia Dawley, wife of Sylvester (4) was reared one mile north of 
Gardner's Four Corners. For twenty years she and her husband lived 
at the Four Corners before removing to West Greenwich. The exact 
location of the house in which they passed these earlier years of their 


— ^jiarried life is distinguished today by the heap of rock that was once 
the chimney, now all but overgrown by the sward. 

Across the street once lay the earthly remains of Nicholas (3) and 
Mary (Eldridge) Gardner; within recent years, however, this sacred dust 
has been removed to the Allenton Grove Cemetery and there reinterred 
with new markers. 

A silhouette of Sylvester (4) has fortunately been preserved by his 
descendants, so that his profile appears at the second volume of this 


Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), Geeorge (i). 

Ann, daughter of Nicholas, Esq., of Exeter and Martha (Havens) 
Gardner, was born in Exeter, R. I., May 28, 1741. Married Samuel 
Morey Feb. 28, 1762. 

Children were : 

Martha, born July 5, 1762. 

Dorcas, born Jan. 13, 1765. 

Hazard, born Apr. 18, 1766. 

Sarah, born Apr. 18, 1766. 

Elizabeth, born Feb. 14, 1768. 

Gardner, born in W. Greenwich Feb. 4, 1770. 

George, born in W. Greenwich March 28, 1772; died in Exeter, 1772. 

Enoch, born in W. Greenwich March 28, 1772; died in Exeter, Mar., 

Ann, born in W. Greenwich Aug. 21, 1773. 

Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), Geeorge (i). 

Elizabeth Gardner, daughter of Nicholas and Martha (Hiavens) 
Gardner, was born September 22, 1743. Married Benjamin Champlin 
February 8. 1763. They were married by Elder Samuel Albro. 

The following children are all that are recorded: 

Nicholas, born January 18, 1764. 

Daniel, born October 3, 1769. 

Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Huling, son of Nicholas and Martha (Havens) Gardner, was born 
August t8, 1745, died Sept. 26, 1825. 

He married Elizabeth Northop, daughter of Immanual Northop, 
of North Kingston, February i, 1767. She died Feb. 20. 1836, in her 
94th vear. Both are buried in Allenton Grove Cemetery, Allenton, R, I. 

Children : 

Sarah, born October 7, 1768. 

Gould, born October 17, 1772. Died Nov. 23, 1843. 

Wanton, born December 5, 1775. 

Mary, born March 22, 1778. 


Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Ezekiel, Jr., son of Ezeki^f-and Dorcas (Watson) Gardner, was born 
August 25, 1738. Married Susannah Congdon, daughter of William and 
Ann (Clifford) Congdon, 1764. He was called "Judge Ezekiel Gardner." 

Their children were: 

David, born August 6, 1764; married Lydia Sanford. 

Mary, born March 3, 1766; died Nov. 23, 1831 ; married Vincent 

Ezekiel, born Jan. 19, 1768; married Ruth Tillinghast. 

Hannah, born March 6, 1770; married Jonathan Arnold. 

Dorcas, born Feb. 3, 1772; married Nicholas Northop. 

Susannah, born April 28, 1774; married Giles Pierce. His (2) wife. 

Ann, born March 15, 1776; unmarried. 

Elisha, born Jan. 28, 1778; married Sarah Hazard. 

William, born Oct. 10, 1780, died June 2, 1848; unmarried. 

Palmer, born Apr. 29, 1783; married Elizabeth Browning. 

Oliver, born May 20 1785 ; married Mary Browning. 

Jesse, born Mar. 7, 1789; married Elizabeth B. Northup. 

Amey, born Mar. 7, 1789; married Elisha Pierce. 

Jeffrey, born Oct. 21, 1791 ; married Mary Himes. 

* Will of Ezekiel Gardner, Jr. 

In the Name of God Amen this Tenth day of May in the year of 
our Lx)rd one Thousand eight Hundred and eight. I Ezekiel Gardner 
of North Kingstown in the County of Washington and State of Rhode 
Island and providence plantations Esq'r being some advanced in age 
but of a Sound disposing mind and memory thanks be given unto God 
therefor, and calling unto mind the Mortality of my body Knowing that 
it is appointed unto all men once to die, do make and ordain this Instru- 
ment in Writing to be my last will and Testament that is to Say Prin- 
cipally and First of all I give and recommend my Soul into the hands of 
God who gave it and my body I commit to the Earth to be therein de- 
cently Buried at the discretion of my Executor hereinafter Named, as 
Touching of Such worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to 
Bless me within this life I give and dispose of thee farm in the following 
manner and form — 
Imprimis — 

my will is and I hereby order that all my just debts and funeral 
Charges be first well and Truly paid out of my Estate by my Executrix 
and Executor hereinafter Named — 
Item — 

I hereby order that my Executrix and Executor to this my will do 
Lease out all my land with the Buildings thereon Standing Situated in 
said North Kingstown (saving the new End of my now Dwelling House 
on my homestead Farm) also to Let out all my Stock (Saving of one 
Milche Cow) with my homestead Farm and other Lands on Boston 
Neck for the purpose of Supporting of my True and Loving wife Su- 
sanna Gardner, and my Four daughters unmarried Namly Dorcas Gard- 


ner Susanna Gardner, Ann Gardner and Almy Gardner until my Just 
debts are paid by the rents and profits thereof, and thereby order that 
my said executors Lease the same out to the best advantages and appro- 
priate the rents and profits thereof accordingly for paying my Just debts 
and Supporting of the above named persons said Terme — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my True and Loving wife Susanna Gard- 
ner after my Just debts are paid the rents and profits and Improvement 
of my homestead Farm with the buildings thereon Standing Situated in 
North Kingstown aforesaid for so long Time as She remains my widow 
She supporting of my daughter Ann Gardner Said Terme, the which 
gift and bequeath I give my said wife in Line of her Right of Dower 
and power of thirds in my whole Real estate also four milche Cows 
and Ten Sheep. My Old Gray mare Side Saddle and bridle and my 
Turkeys and Geese I also give my said wife. Two feather beds bed- 
steads beding Furniture and Curtains to the same belonging. T^n green 
Windsor Chairs one Large Mahogany leaf Table one Christee Leaf 
Table one pair of Iron dogs Stand in my new Great Roome Two Chests 
one Standing in the Old Great Roome & the other Standing in Nancy's 
bedorom my Looking Glass in the old Great Roome, Two Cases of 
Drawers one standing in the New Chamber & the other in the old 
Chamber all my Crockery and tea Ware in my new Closet, all my puter- 
ware one half of my Kitchen Ironware, my Tea Tray Server and Glass 
ware Standing in my New Great Roome, all also in Line of her Rights 
of Dower as aforesaid and the use of the new End of my House for her 
and four daughters, to Live in until my debts are paid a aforesaid — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Son David Gardner the sum of one 
dollar to be paid him by my executors in one year after my decease. I 
also give him my Said son David Gardner all that he owes me or any 
ways Indebted unto me for — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Mary Gardner the wife of 
Vincent Gardner within one year after my Just debts are paid the sum 
of Two Hundred and fifty dollars to be paid her by my son Elisha Gard- 
ner out of the Estate which I shall herein give him — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Hannah Arnold the wife 
of Jonathan Arnold within one year after my Just debts are paid the 
sum of Two Hundred and fifty dollars one hundred and fifty dollars of 
which to be paid her by my son Ezekiel Gardner out of the Estate which 
I shall herein give him and the other one Hundred dollars to be paid her 
by my son William Gardner out of the Efetate herein given him — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my son Ezekiel Gardner after my Just 
debts are paid my Lot of Land called the old pinder Lot containing 
about Eighty acres be it the Same more or less with the buildings there- 
on Standing also my Lot of Land called the Jacob pinder Lott contain- 
ing about Twenty Six acres be it the same more or less Situated in 
North Kingstown aforesaid to him and his heirs and assigns forever 
he paying his sister Hannah Arnold the one hundred and fifty dollars 
which I order him to pay also I give him my Said son Ezekiel Gardner 



one Feather beding & bedstead and furniture with Curtains to the bed 
& being the same bed which my father gave me & to be delivered him 
by my Executors. 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my son Elisha Gardner after my Just debts 
are paid the Farm whereon he now lives with the buildings thereon 
Standing in Said North 'Kingstown being the Farm which I purchased 
of Christopher Greene of Warwick containing about one hundred & 
Thirty acres be it the Same more or less to him his heirs and assigns 
Forever he paying my Daughter Mary Gardner the Two Hundred and 
fifty dollars which I have herein ordered him to pay her — 
item — 

I give and bequeath unto my son William Gardner after my Just 
debts are paid The Farm which I bought of John Hagadorn called the 
Major Gardner Farme with the buildings thereon Standing Situated 
in North Kingstown aforesaid containing about one hundred and forty 
acres be it the Same more or less to him his heirs and assigns forever 
he paying of my Daughter Hannah Arnold the one hundred dollars 
which I ordered him to pay her — 
Item — 

I give and devise unto my Son Oliver Gardner after my Just debts 
are paid My Forty acre Lott of Land which my father bought of Jona- 
than Hazzard of the Allen Farme containing of Forty acres be it the 
same more or less Situated in Said North Kingstown to him his heirs 
and assigns Forever. — 
Item — 

I give and devise unto my three daughters Namely Dorcas Gardner 
Susanna Gardner and Almy Gardner after my Just debts are paid all 
that my Tract of Land Situated in North Kingstown aforesaid with 
the buildings thereon Standing containing about Forty Seven acres be 
it the Same more or less being the Tract of Land which I purchased 
of William Northop to be equally divided between them' share and 
share alike to them and their heirs and assigns Forever also Two 
Fether beds bedsteads beding with calico Curtains Each, Two of Said 
beds and Said Dorcas and Susanna Calls theirs with Curtains, and the 
said Almy to have likewise Two beds bedsteads and beding with 
Checked Curtains, all to be delivered them by my Executors. — 
Item — 

I give and devise unto my Grandson David Gardner the son of son 
David Gardner after my Just debts are paid my Lot of Land which I 
' purchased of David Green containing about fifteen acres with a Dwell- 
ing House thereon Standing Situated in said North Kingstown be it the 
Same more or less to him his heirs and assigns forever if he lives to 
arrive to Lawful age Leaving Lawful Issue of his own body, but if in 
case he should die before he arrives to Lawful age or should die leaving 
of no Issue in that Case I give the same House and Lot of Land unto 
my three sons Namely Palmer Gardner Jesse Gardner and Jeffrey Gard- 
ner to be equally divided between them Share and Share alike to them 
and to their heirs and assigns forever. — 
Item — 

I g^ve and bequeath unto my Two Grand Daughters Susanna Gard- 
ner and Mary Gardner daughters of my son David Gardner all of the 



Household goods which their father sold me and gave me a bill of sale 
of to be equally divided between them and delivered them by my 
Excutors. — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Sister Mary Gardner one milke Cow 
and all my wearing apparel to be delivered by my Executors at the Time 
of my decease. 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Son William Gardner one fether bed 
and beding being the same he now lodges on to be delivered him by my 
Executors — 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my wife Susanna Gardner one brass Kittle 
and Great Chear, one Carpet, one third part of the provision which I 
shall have on hand at the Time of my decease all in Liue of her thirds 
as aforesaid — 

1 order my Executors to this my will to sell and dispose of my 
Cheese on hand at the Time of my decease and appropriate the proceeds 
thereof towards the paying of my Just debts & Charges — 

and my mind and will and meaning, that whereas Pardon Tilling- 
hast of West Greenwich holds a mortgage or mortgages on the House 
and land herein given my said son William Gardner which mortgages 
tis my meaning I consider to be debts which I owe and order the Same 
to be paid out of the rents and profits of my Said Real Estate so that 
he my Sons land given him is not to be incumbered with said mort- 
Item — 

I give and bequeath unto my Three sons Namely Palner Gardner 
Jesse Gardner and Jeffrey Gardner after my Just debts are paid, after the 
decease or marriage again of my said wife which shall happen I give 
devise and bequeath my homestead Farme with the buildings thereon 
where I now dwell called the Rome farme unto them and their heirs and 
assigns Forever to be equally divided between them Share and Share 
alike. I also give my three last named sons all the rest and residue of 
my Estate of any Name or Nature soever not herein other ways disposed 
of — they Supporting of my Daughter Ann Gardner with Sufficient 
Victuals, washing Lodging Clothing in Sickness and in health during 
the Terme of her Natural life. Lastly I hereby Nominate and appoint 
my True and Loving wife Susanna Gardner Executrix, and my Brother 
Oliver Gardner Executor to this my last will and Testament to see the 
same well and Truly executed according to the True Intent and rheaning^. 
hereof hereby making Void all former wills and bequeaths by Me here- 
tofore makeing of this only to be my last will and Testament — In Wit- 
ness whereof, I have hereunto Set my hand and Seal The day and date 
first above W^ritten. (signed) 


Signed sealed published pronounced 

and declared by the Testator Ezekiel Gardner 

Esquire to be his last will and Testament 

in the presence of us the Subscribers. 

N. B. the 7th line from the bottom of the first page being the words "of 

the New End of my House for her and her four daughters to live in 


until my debts are paid as aforesaid" was Interlined or put in before 
Signing and Sealing 

Martha Thomas 

William Browning 

Sarah Browning 

George Thomas 

I, Ezekiel Gardner of North Kingstown aforesaid do hereby make 
and establish the following Codicil to this my last will and testament vis. 

I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife aforesaid Ten Cows and 
Ten Sheep in addition to those already given her 1 do hereby revoke and 
make null and void the devise in my will giving my Grandson David 
Gardner his heirs &c. the lot and Land purchased of David Green con- 
taining fifteen acres. I give and Devise to my Son David Gardner the lot 
of land w^ith the dwelling house thereon standing which I purchased of 
David Green containing fifteen acres to him his heirs and assigns 
forever — 

I do hereby revoke and make null and void that clause or Qauses in 
my will which orders my real estate and Stock to be leased out for the 
payment of my debts and Maintenance of my Wife and Daughters — 

And I do hereby order and direct that all my Just debts and funeral 
expenses be paid in the following manner : 

My Son Ezekiel Gardner shall pay Six hundred Dollars out of the 
Estate by me given him. And my Son Elisha Gardner shall pay Nine 
hundred Dollars out of the estate by me given to him. And my remain- 
ing debts and Expenses shall be paid equally by my Sons Palmer, Jesse, 
and Jeffrey Gardner out of the estate by me given them. 

I do hereby revoke and make null and void that part of my will 
which gives to my three daughters Dorcas, Susanna, and Almy Gardner 
their heirs &c. the tract of land which I bought of William Northup. 

I give and devise to my daughter Susanna Gardner to her heirs and 
assigns forever the tract of land which I bought of William Northup 
containing forty seven acres more or less on condition that she shall 
maintain or take care of my daughter Nancy after the decease of her 
mother during the term of said Nancys Natural life out of the profits of 
said land. 

I do hereby revoke and make null and void that devise in my will 
which gives to my son Oliver Gardner his heirs &:. my lot of land called 
the forty acre lot bought by my father of Jonathan H'assard. 

I give and devise to my sons Palmer, Jesse, and Jeffrey Gardner 
my lot of land called the forty acre lot bought by my father of Jonathan 
Hkssard to them their heirs and assigns forever to be equally divided 
between them. I Give and bequeath to my son Oliver Gardner fifty Dol- 
lars to be paid by my sons Palmer Jesse and Jeffrey Gardner. I Give 
and bequeath to my daughter Dorcas Northup two hundred Dollars 
to be paid her by my son William Gardner out of my Estate to me 
given him. I also give her my said daughter Dorcas fifty Dollars to 
be paid her by my sons Palmer, Jesse, and Jeffrey Gardner out of the 
estate by me given them. I give and bequeath to my Daughter Almy 
Pierce three hundred Dollars to be paid her by my sons, Palmer, Jesse 
and Jeffrey Gardner, 


I also g^ve to my said daughter Almy Pierce four milch cows two 
feather beds and bedding and one brown horse. 

In testimony of the foregoing Codicil I have hereunto set my hand 
and seal this fourth day of July in the year of our lord Eighteen hundred 
and fourteen at North Kingstown aforesaid. 


Signed Sealed pronounced and declared 

by Ezekiel Gardner esqV, as and for a Codicol 

to his last will and Testament in presence of us 

Peleg Gardner 
Hannah Gardner 
Willet Carpenter 

At a Court of Probate held in North Kingstown on the i8th day of 
August, A. D. 1814. The annexed last Will and Testament and Codicil 
of Ezekiel Gardner Esquire, late of said North Kingstown deceased, 
was presented and read in Court, and Martha Thomas, William Brown- 
ing, and Sarah Browning three of the Subscribing Witnesses to the 
same, appeared in Court, and on Solemn Oiath did Severally declare that 
they saw the Testator Ezekiel Gardner esq'r. (in his lifetime) Sign and 
Seal and heard him pronounce and declare the same to be his last Will 
and Testament, and that they subscribed their names thereto, in the 
presence of the Testator, and of each other, and in the presence of 
George Thomas esquire, and that he appeared to them to be of a sound- 
disposing mind and memory at the same time — Also the Codicil annex 
to said Will was read in Court, and Hannah Gardner and Willet Car- 
penter two of the Subscribing Witnesses to the same appeared in Court, 
and on solemn Oath did Severally declare that they saw the Testator 
Ezekiel Gardner esq'r. Sign and seal and heard him pronounce and de- 
clare the same as and for a Codicil to his last Will and Testament and 
that they Subscribed their names as Witnesses thereto in the presence 
of the Testator, and of each other and of Peleg Gardner, one other of 
the Subscribing Witnesses and that he appeared to them to be of a 
sound disposing mind and Memory at the same time. The said Will 
and Codicil being thus proved the same was approved by said Court to 
be of a good and Valid Will, with the Codicil thereto annexed. 

(signed) JNO. REYNOLDS, T. CL'K. 

Recorded on the 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38; and 39th 
Book No. 21, for probate records in North Kingstown August 22d, 1814. 

(signed) JNO. REYNOLDS, T. CL'K. 

Inclosed is the Last Will & Testament 

of Ezekiel Gardner Esqr. made 

and Sealed up. May loth, 1808. 
Susan N. Gardner, Exec*x 
Oliver Gardner ExecuV 
Martha Thomas 
William Browning 


Sarah Browning 
Geo. Thomas 

Fees $2.65 
Witnesses to a Codicil to this will July 4th, 1814 
Peleg Gardner 
Hannah Gardner 
Willet Carpenter 


Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Nicholas Gardner, E^q., son of Nicholas, Jr., of Exeter and Martha 
(Havens) Gardner, was born March 2, 1738. Died June 6, 1815. Mar- 
ried first Honour Brown daughter of Beriah Brown of North Kings- 
town who was forty years sheriff. She was born May 10, 1740, died 
August 19, 1760. No issue. 

Married second Deborah Vincent, of Exeter, October 19, 1762. She 
was born 1740, died May 23, 1813. They are buried at Allenton Grove 
cemetery, Allenton, R. I. 

Honour, born January 3, 1763, died May 20, 181 7. Single. 

Vincent, born December 9, 1764, died July 17, 1851. 

Elizabeth, born April 10, 1767, died June 10, 1776. 

Nicholas, born August 11, 1769. 

Beriah, born November 16, 1771-2, died February 2, 1853. 

Willet, born February 13, 1774; married Abigail Gardner, of Daniel. 

Elizabeth, born October 6, 1776. 

Benjamin C, born April 27, 1779, died 1859. 

Nicholas Gardner, Esq., married third Ruth Tillinghast. No chil- 


In the staid old town of Exeter but a short distance west of what 
was once known as Gardner's Corners yet stands the firm old dwelling 
erected by the fifth Nicholas Gardner, and retained as his pleasant home 
until the day of his death. 

Nicholas was the father of five sons and two daughters, all of whom 
passed their youthful days in the home circle on their native plains, and 
all except the sixth Nicholas and Honor lived to reach a good old age. 
The mother's name was Deborah Vincent and with pure veneration that 
name has been passed down through the family of every one of her sons. 

Most surely it must have been a pleasant, quiet home in those days 
of long ago. Not far away from the back door of the mansion was and 
is still standing an ancient oak, whose wide-spreading branches, as yet 
unmolested, withstood the storms of more than one century, and whose 
summer shade is still a pleasant resort for the youth of the present gen- 
eration. It was here beneath the shades of this venerable oak that the 
sons and daughters of Nicholas spent many hours of recreation in the 
happy days of their childhood. 


More than three score years has passed away and the brothers were 
scattered abroad; all except Benjamin, the youngest, who still retained 
the homestead of his father. All were farmers by occupation, Vincent 
and Beriah in their native State, Willett and Nicholas married and set- 
tled amid the pleasant hills of Berkshire, then called a far western coun- 
try. Betsey was the good wife and companion of Deacon Clark Sisson 
and was settled on the homestead of the Sissons not far from Pine Hill. 

All except Nicholas and Betsey had quite numerous families, of 
whom few are left. 

Years passed on and one bright summer afternoon in the year of 
1843 there was a gathering 'neath the cooling shade of the old ancient 
oak. Vincent, Beriah, Willett, Benjamin and Betsey had once more 
assembled there, even as it were in the days of their second childhood, 
for three of that number were then over eighty years of age and good 
old Pero, their childhood companion and once a slave to their grand- 
father, was close to ninety. Again to-day, although so many years have 
passed away and all of that number have long since passed to that land 
unseen by mortal eyes,. I cannot, neither would I, cease to remember 
the emotions of my own heart as I witnessed the meeting and parting of 
that aged band as they for the last time sat around that tree, the fairest 
spot of their childhood. 

The same shadows from those wide-spreading branches were cast 
around and the same little murmuring brook that led from the neigh- 
boring bog seemed to repeat the same sweet refrain as in the days when 
their father and mother watched so tenderly <)ver their youthful foot- 
steps ; the bubbling spring at the foot of the hill still gave forth its pure 
waters, while the moss-covered stones in the old well seemed to welcome 
them back to sip from the brim of the iron-bound bucket once more. 
But alas! the many changes that those intervening years had wrought 
were made visible as they gazed around their native home. Well might 
their aged hearts yearn for the friends that once were so dear and the 
music of voices that was hushed long ago. Father and mother had long 
since been laid side by side and were peacefully sleeping in that quiet 
little enclosure beside the road 'neath the shade of the bending locust. 
Their youthful friends had all grown old, while but here and there, like 
scattering trees on the hillside, there was scarcely one left to view with 
them the scenes so dear to every feeling and appreciative heart. 

This was the last meeting where they all assembled at the old home- 
stead and as before stated long since they too all have been laid to rest. 

Vincent and Benjamin were buried near their father and mother in 
the family ground at the homestead. Beriah in Elm Grove Cemetery 
near to those of his companions and children ; Betsy rests by the side 
of her companion near the home where they dwelt so peacefully and 
happy. Nicholas with his wife was buried in his home lot near the banks 
of the Mohawk in the land of the Oneidas, and Willett rests near his 
ever-loving companion in the fair land of the Cayugas near his western 
home 'mid the pleasant hills and dales that encircle the beautiful Owasco 
and Moravia. 

One more century is nearing its close and we too are growing old. 
Our locks are whitening as the snows of many winters and the elastic 
step which is failing us, tell that we too must soon be gathered with our 
kindred and fathers beyond the misty river. We would not murmur, 


neither should we complain for '*His mercies endureth forever/' and the 
good spirit even with the voice of nature tells us that it should be so. 

I still love to roam over the plains and hills of dear old Exeter. Ii 
was the home and abiding place of our ancestors in the good old pilgrim 
days of **long, long ago." It often brings back to my memory the little 
group that gathered around the father's knee in that far western home, 
while with eager ears they would listen to stories he would tell of his na- 
tive home in Exeter, away down near the Narragansett shore, often re- 
peating the names and the doings of many of the industrious and happy 
people of that day and date. The Gardners, Sweets, Dawleys, Reynolds, 
Arnolds, Browns, Halls, Greens and the Hendricks with many others 
whose descendants now inhabit and most honorably represent the old 
town where their ancestors once resided. Most vividly we remember the 
story of the killing of the great bear in the swamp and the exhibiting of 
his body at the old meeting house on the hill, with many of the incidents 
that transpired 'neath the shade of the now decaying chestnut tree that is 
still standing there. We alsq remember about being carried over the 
Queen's River, which we children then thought to be a mighty stream, 
on the good and faithful Pero's shoulders. These were stories of ye 
olden days and even now in fancy's dream we sometimes love to muse 
and hear them repeated o'er and o'er again. 


Caleb (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Dorcas, daughter of Nicholas and Isabella (Sherman) Gardiner, was 

bom March 16, 1739; died . Married Silas Spencer, 1758. He was 

born Nov. 18, 1735; died . 

Their children were: 


There were other children but we have no record of them. 



Caleb (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Nicholas, son of Caleb and Isabella (Sherman) Gardiner, was born 

December 8, 1744; died 1784. He married Sarah . 

Their children were: 

Caleb died 1806. Married Mary ; she died 1809. 



Caleb (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Experience, daughter of Caleb and Isabella (Sherman) Gardiner, 
was born Nov. i, 1751 ; married Pardon Mowrey, son of John and Amey 
(Gibbs) Mowrey, He was born December 27, 1748, and died at East 
Greenwich, R. I., August 6, 183T. Their children were: 


Mary, died March 7, 1809. Married (i) Joseph Perkins; (2) Judge 
Elisha R. Potter, Nov. 7, 1790. 


Nathan (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Nathan, son of Nathan and Katherin (Niles) Gardiner, was born 
May 15, 1747; died March 11, 1802. Married Mary Johnson, February 
2, 1782. She died July 13, 1807. 

Their children were: 





Items from grave stones on the Niles Gardner farm, Moorsfield, 
R. I.: 

William Gardiner, died March 11, 1802, aged 54 years. 

Nathan Gardiner, E^q., died June 16, 1772, aged 47 years. 

Nathan Gardiner, Esq., died , 1792, aged 71 years. 

Mary, wife of Nathan Gardiner, died July 13, 1807, aged 43 years. 

Niles Gardiner, died July 7, 1845, aged 51 years. 

Nathan (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Sarah, daughter of Nathan and Katherin (Niles) Gardner, was born 
December 28, 1751 ; died November 11, 1778. Married John Hazard, son 
of Benjamin. He was born 1746; died 1813. 

Their children were: 

John, born 1775 ; died 1806. Married Francis Gardner. 

Nathan Gardiner, married Frances (Gardner) Hazard, widow of 
his brother John. 


Mary Gardiner (4), John (3), George (a), George (7). 

William G., a son of Josiah and Mary (Gardiner) Mumford, was 
born November 26, 1744; married Elizabeth , about 1769. 

Their children were: 

Paul, born Jan. 8, 1770. 

Dorcas, born Apr. 8, 1772. 

Annie, born May 20, 1774. 

Silas, born Mar. 4, 1776. . 

Oliver, born Jan. 12, 1778. 

Augustus, born Jan. 29, 1780. 

Elizabeth, born Feb. 4, 1782. 

Darius, born May 8, 1786; married Susan Oatley, daughter of Joseph 
and Mary (Hazard) Oatley, 


John (4), John (3), George (2), George (i). 

Abel, son of John and Annie ( ) Gardiner, was born Sept. 2, 

1747; married Dorothy, daughter of George and Ruth Sweet. She was 
born Nov. 12, 1742. 

Their children were: 

Sweet, born June i, 1773. 

George, born Aug. 19, 1775; married Abigail Dean, Feb. 20, 1800. 

Mary, born Aug. 14, 1777. 

Amy, born Aug. 16, 1780; married James Tillinghast, Feb. 5, 1801. 

John (4), John (3), George (2), George (i). 

Waite, daughter of John and Annie ( ) Gardner, was born May 

2, 1750; died 1814. Married ( ) Gardiner. 

In her will she mentions her brother John Gardiner of Exeter, and 
two daughters: 

Sarah B., 

Dorcas W. 


Henry (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of Henry and Abigail (Eldred) Gardiner, mar- 
ried William Champlin, son of William and Sarah Champlin. He wa^ 
born October 6, 1724. 

Their children were: 

William, born Nov. 6, 1745. 

Hannah, born Dec. 9, 1747. 

Martha, born Jan. 27, 1750. 

Mary, born Aug. 16, 1751, married Edward Bliven, Jan. 6, 1774. 

Henry, born Jan. 18, 1756. 

Samuel, born Sept. 18, 1758, married Freelove Boss, Jan. 12, 1780. 

Olive, born Mar. 17, 1761, married Thankful Gavitt, Jan. 25, 1779. 

The first child born in New Shoreham, the second in South Kings- 
town and the rest in Westerly, R. I. 

Henry (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Henry and Abigail (Eldred) Gardiner, became 
the second wife of Col. Joseph Stanton in 1752. He was an officer in 
the French and Indian war and participated in the engagement at the 
capture of Louisburg. 

Their children were: 

Gardiner, died single. 


Malborough, died single. 
Henry, married Cynthia Lewis. 

Abigail Gardiner, married Rev. William Gardiner. Children, Mary, 
Abigail, Malborough. 


Caleb (4), Nicholas (3), Gkorge (2), George (i). 

Sarah, daughter of Caleb and Isabella (Sherman) Gardiner, was 
born April 29, 1736; married Peter Boss. 
Children were: 


John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Benjamin Gardner, son of John and Mary (Taylor) Gardner, was 
born January 4, 1750. Married Elizabeth Wicks (Weeks) daughter of 
Thomas Wicks (Weeks) of Warwick, January 13, 1774. Married by the 
Rev. John Graves. 

They resided at Middletown, Rhode Island. 

Children were: 

Thomas, born at Boston Neck, North Kingston, January 20, 1775; 
died August 11, 1775. 

Wicks (Weeks), born at Tower Hill, South Kingston, Sept 12, 1777. 

Benjamin, born at Boston Neck, August 3, 1779; ^^^^ 1780. 

Elizabeth, born at North Kingston, August 3, 1781 ; died at Middle- 
town May 29, 1786. 

Albert, born April 25, 1786. 

Edwin, born December 9, 1787; died Jan. 23, 1805. Drowned at sea. 

James Sayer, born March 18, 1789. 

Benjamin, December 31, 1790. 

Elizabeth Gardner, wife of Benjamin Gardner, died May 8, 1796, in 
her forty-second year. Benjamin Gardner then married Ann Coggeshall 
December i, 1799. She died January 5, 1800. No children. He married 
(3) Mary Howland, March 5, 1801. One son: 

Benjamin Howland, born Jan. 23, 1805. 

John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lydia Gardner, daughter of John and Mary (Taylor) Gardner, was 
born 1753. Married Robert Champlin. 

To them was born one daughter: 

Mary, who married Colonel McRea of the United States army and 
lived at Newport. Robert Champlin died and the widow married John 

Had children, but we have no record of them. 


John (4), William (3), Bcnony (2), George (i), 

Sarah Gardner, daughter of John and Mary (Taylor) Gardner, was 
born about 1751. Died June 16, 1772. Unmarried. 

Her will dated 1772 reads: 

**I, Sarah Gardiner, Gentlewoman &c/* 

Mentions mother Mary Gardiner to her one thousand Spanish Milled 
dollars. Brothers John and Benjamin, sister Abigail Updike, sister 
Lydia Gardner, to each Spanish Milled dollars. 

John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Son of John and Mary (Taylor) Gardner, married Eunice Belden 
of Hartford, Conencticut, October 21, 1764. 

There was born to them one child, James, born about 1765-6. Died 

No children. 

William Gardner was a merchant at Hartford, Connecticut, and died 
there June 17, 1766, from wounds caused by the blowing up of the school 


John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Abigail Gardner, daughter of John and Mary (Taylor) Gardner, 
was born September 26, 1740. Married Lodowick Updike January, 1759. 
He was born July 12, 1725. He was a lawyer. Died June 6, 1804. 

Children born to them were: 

Daniel, born 1761, died 1842; married Adolissa Arnold of Exeter. 

James, born 1763, died 1855; unmarried. Lived at Wickford, R. I. 

Anstis, born 1765, died 1864; married William Lee of Providence, 
R. I. 

Mary, born 1767, died 1842; married Nathaniel Mundy, Wickford, 
R. I. 

Abigail, born 1769, died 1862; married Joseph Reynolds, Wickford, 
R. I. ' 

Sarah, born 1771, died 1850; married David Hagan, Wickford, R. I. 

Lodowick, born 1774, died 1833; married Rhoda Baker. 

Alfred, born 1779, ^i^^ 1869; married* Dorcas Reynolds, Wickford, 
R. I. 

Gilbert, born 1781, died 1819; married Hannah Dennis. 

Wilkins, born 1784, died 1867; married Abigail Watson, Kingstown, 
R. I. 

Lodowick Updike, Sr., the only son of Daniel Updike, the Colony 
Attorney, was born July 12, 1725. He was educated under private tutor, 
in conformity with the practice of that age. The pupils lived in the 
family and were the companions of the instructors; and such were se- 
lected by the parents as were the most skilful in imparting literature 


and science, and best calculated to mould the character and polish the 
manners of youth. His last instructor was the Rev. John Checkley, 
rector of the church in Providence, an Oxford scholar and learned divine. 
Mr. Updike in after life, was accustomed to relate amusing anecdotes 
of this distinguished man. Mr. Updike studied for the bar but never 

He inherited the large estate of his father in North Kingston, and 
resided on it, as an intelligent and gentleman farmer until his death . 

His son, Wilkins, was the Author of "Updike's history of Narra- 
gansett Church." 


John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Col. John Gardner, son of John Gardner, Sr., and Mary (Taylor) 
Gardner, was born 1747, died Oct. 18, 1808. Married Sarah Gardner, 
daughter of Captain Samuel Gardner, December 13, 1772. She died June 
16, 1816. Born 1744. 

Their children were: 

Sarah, married Thomas Jenkins of Hudson, N. Y. 

Robert, married Miss Day, of Catskill, N. Y. Hie was some years 
U. S. Consul to Sweden. He was lost at sea. No issue. 

John, died without issue 

William, died without issue. 

Emma, married Philo Day of Catskill, N. Y. 

Harriet, married Russell Day of Catskill, N. Y. 


Col. Gardner was an accomplished gentleman of the old school, and 
of popular manners. He early rose into public favor, and was an active 
Whig in the revolution. He was elected representative to the General 
Assembly from South Kingston, his native town, for the years 1786-7, 
by the Paper Money party. 

In 1788-9 he was elected by the popular vote of the state a delegate 
to the Confederated Congress, but did not take his seat in that body. 
Colonel Gardner inherited the patrimonial estate of his ancestors, the 
farm next south of the South Ferry, containing five hundred acres, re- 
puted the most fertile tract in Narragansett. He died October 18, 1808, 
aged sixty-two. His wife survived him some years. They left seven 

Both are buried in the old cemetery on McSparren Hill, Exeter. 

John (4), William (3), Benony (2), Ckorge (i). 

Anstress Gardner, oldest child of John and Mary (Hill) Gardner, 
was born March 23, 1721. She married Rowland Robinson December 
31, 174T. (She was a niece of Governor William Robinson's second 
wife). The following children were born: 

Hannah, born May 10, 1750, married Peter Simons. She died 1773. 

Mary, born August 15, 1751, died 1777, unmarried. 


William, born September 13, 1758, married Ann Scott, a widow of 
Newport, Rhode Island. He died 1804. 

Anstress (Gardner) Robinson, died at South Kingstown, December 
23, 1773. 

John (4), William (3), Bcnony (2), George (i). 

Thomas Gardner, third child of John and Mary (Hill) Gardner, was 
born March 11, 1725. He was married to Martha, daughter of Henry 
who was the son of Nicholas Gardner, November 9, 1749, by the Rev. 
James McSparren. 

Their children were: 

Frederick, born August 24, 1751. 

Benaiah, born March 8, 1754. 

Abigail, born April 29, 1756. 

Thomas, born August 27, 1758. 

John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Amos Gardner, youngest child of John and Mary (Hill) Gardner, 
was born March 27, 1729, died Apr. 3, 1793. He was married to Sarah 
Bill October 10, 175 1, by Rev. James McSparren. She died Apr. 13, 1777. 

Their children were: 



Amos, born 1756, married Abby Knowels. 

John, married Eunice Hazard. She was born Feb. 4, 1764; died 

Mary, married Harvy Sherman. 

Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William, son of Caleb and Abigail (Gardner) Hazard, was born 
April 12, 1 721 ; married Phebe, daughter of John and Demaris Hull of 
Jamestown, September 12, 1744. 

Their children were: 

Lydia, married John Field, June 8, 1763. 

Josiah, born Dec. 20, 1748; married Mary Carr, May 31, 1772. 

Abigail, married Sylvanus Wyatt, Oct. 5, I79i5. 

William, born March 21, 1753. 

John, born Jan. 20, 1755. 

Benedict, born Jan. 26, 1758. 

Mary, born March 24, 1762. 


Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Bcnony (2), George (i). 

Robert, son of Caleb and Abigail (Gardner) Hazard, was born May 
I, 1723; died 1771. He was a physician. He married his cousin Eliza- 
beth Hazard, April 3, 1752. She was the daughter of Deputy Gov. 
Robert Hazard. 

Their children were: 

Abigail, born Aug. 29, 1753; married Jared Starr of New London, 
Conn., Sept. 11, 1780. 

Esther, born July 26, 1755; died March 25, 1831. Married (i) Silas 
Niles, (2) Jared Starr of New London, Conn. 

Elizabeth, born Nov. 28, 1757. 

Sylvester, born July 2,T, 1760; died Feb. 14, 1812. Married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Richard and Sarah Greene. She died March 16, 1816, 
aged 52. 

Nancy, born Apr. 20, 1764. Unmarried. 

Charles, born July 14, 1766; married Ann Bowers of Newport, Feb., 


Francis, born 1769; died 1814. Married Rebecca Truman. 

Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Christopher, son of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, was 
born December 31, 1727; died 1807. Married Susannah Champlin, 
daughter of Christopher and Hannah (Hill) Champlin, 1754. She was 
born January 11, 1735-6; died Nov. 28, 1783. 

Their children were: 

Abigail, born Jan. 20, 1755; died 1803. Married Stephen Potter. 
He died 1793. 

Christopher, born Nov. 26, 1756; died Apr. 2*], 1807. Married Eliz- 
abeth Anthony, Dec. 30, 1790. She died 1849. 

George, born June 14, 1760; died 1780. He was taken prisoner in 
the privateer Revenge, in 1778. He was carried to New York and placed 
on board the prison ship Jersey, at Long Island, N. Y., where he died 
with the ship fever at that place. 

Elizabeth, born Aug. 5, 1763; died 1822. Married Mumford Hazard 
of Newport, Feb. 18, 1796. Nb issue. 

William, born ; died 1803. Married Francis Wanton. She 

died 1816. 

Jesse, born ; died 1808. Married Hannah T. Sands. She died 


Robert, married Sarah Congdon, daughter of Samuel, March 15, 
1795. She died 1802. He married (2) Ann DeBlois, 1807. She died 
1850. He died 1831. 

Hannah, born 1769; married John Perry, Nov., 1783. She died 
Aug. 29, 1849. He died 1834, aged 69. 


Matthew, born 1772; died 1821. Married (i) Mary L. Potter, 1797. 

She died 1801, aged 24. He married (2) Mary , 1802. She died 

1836, aged 54. 


Abig^ail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William, son of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, was 
born Aug. i, 1724. Removed to Newport 1761, where he died May 30, 
'793- He married Elizabeth, daughter of Philip and Hannah (Rodman) 
Wanton, May 17, 1750. 
Their children were: 

Hannah, born Feb. 21, 1751 ; married Dept. Gov. George Brown, 
1768. He was born 1746; died 1836. 

Abigail, born Aug. 24, 1753; married John Thurston, April 23, 1772. 
He was son of Peleg. 

Philip, born Ck:t. 6, 1755; died in Newport May 30, 1808. Married 
(i) Elizabeth, daughter of Peleg and Mary Thurston, Oct. 7, 1779. She 
died -in child-birth with twins, June 22, 1782. He married (2) Martha, 
daughter of John and Martha Slocum, Oct. 2, 1783. He married (3) 
Elizabeth Clark, Dec. 4, 1788. 

He married (2) Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Mary Rich- 
mond, March 12, 1761. She died in New York July 4, 1794, of small- 
pox, aged 53. 


Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Thomas, son of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, was born 
1731 ; died at Newport, R. I., Nov. 10, 1817, aged 86. He married, March 
21, 1754, Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Mary Richardson. She was 
born March 31, 1733; died Aug. i, 1817. 

Their children were: 

William, born Dec. 30, 1754; died Feb. 2, 1838. Married Sarah 
Franklin, of New York City. She died 181 1, aged 52. 

Thomas, born Apr. 18, 1756; died Sept. 2, 1756. 

Mary, born Oct. 27, 1757; died Nov. 31, 1829. Married John War- 
son, of Philadelphia. He died 1828. 

Abigail, born Jan. 21, 1760; died very aged. Unmarried. 

Thomas Richardson, born Dec. 4, 1761 ; married Jemima Fish, Dec. 

5, 1787. 

Rowland, born May 8, 1763; died Sept. 7, 1791, on a voyage home 

from England. 

Joseph Jacob, born June 5, 1765; died Feb. 19, 1844, at Middletown. 
Amy, born Apr. 15, 1768; married Robert L. Brown of New York. 


Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Abigail, daughter of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, was 
born 1732; died 1754. Married John Wanton, Aug. 10, 1752. One child: 
William Robinson, born Feb. 11, 1754; died aged a few months. 


Abigail jGardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sylvester, son of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, >vas 
born 1734; married Alice Perry, Dec. 18, 1755. 

Their children were: 

James, born Oct. 3, 1756; married Mary Altmore of Philadelphia, 

William, born Dec. 20, 1760. 

Mary, born Dec. 15, 1763; died March 26, 1837. 

Abigail, died May 6, 1818. Married Thomas H. Hazard. He died 
Dec. 10, 1825. 

Twin sons. No further record of them. 

Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, was 
born October 8, 1736; died March 12, 1814. Married John Dockery of 
Newport, Feb. 17, 1757. 

Their children were: 

Abigail, born Oct., 1759; died Dec. 18, 1759. 

John B., born 1760; married Mary Congdon, daughter of William 
and Freelove (Taylor) Congdon, Sept. 6, 1779. 

Hannah, born 1762; died single. 

William Robinson, born Aug., 1764; died May. 19, 1785. 

Mary, born June, 1768; died Jan. 27, 1820. Married David Wil- 
liams, of Newport. 

Susannah, born 1769; died Sept. 2, 1769. 

Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

James, son of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, was born 
1738; married Anna Rodman, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Willett) 
Rodman. Sept. 4, 1762. 

Their children were: 

Abigail, born 1768; died 1805. Married John Robinson, son of John 
and Sarah (Peckham) Robinson^, 1794. 

Ruth, born 1769; died 1839. 

Mary, born 1771 ; died 1826. Married John Bowers. 

Ann. born 1772; died 1790. 

James, born 1774; died 1781. 


Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John, son of William and Abigail (Gardner) Robinson, was born 
Jan. 13, 1742-3 ; died June 23, 1805. He married Sarah, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Mary (Hazard) Peckham, Jan. 13, 1761. She was born 1744; 
died 1775. He married (2) Hannah, daughter of Matthew and Abigail 
(Gardner) Stewart. 

Children were: 

Benjamin, born Aug. 5, 1763; died Nov. 29, 1823. Married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Deputy Governor George Brown, 1791. She was born 
1770; died Aug. 25, 1855. 

Sarah, born Dec. 10, 1764; married Samuel Taber, of Waterfield, 
Conn., Feb. 14, 1782. He was born Oct. 26, 1750; died Sept. 6, 1798. 

William, born Apr. 25, 1766; married Phebe Dennison of Stonington, 
Conn., March, 1802. 

John, born Dec. 16, 1767; died 1831 in New Brunswick, N. J. Mar- 
ried Abigail, daughter of James and Ann (Rodman) Robinson, (2) Ruth 

Sylvester, born July 12, 1769; died 1807. Married Eliza, daughter 
of John and Marcia (Pele) Rodman, of Westchester County, N. Y. 

Thomas, born May 5, 1771 ; died 1786. 

James. No record of birth. He was child of second marriage. 

Mary Gardner (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John, son of John and Mary (Gardner) Kenyon, was born Sept. 29, 
1730. Married Freelove Reynolds, June 8, 1754. 

Their children were: 

Gardner, born Sept. 24, 1755. 

Mary, born Nov. 18, 1757; married Stephen Watson, March 2, 1780. 

John, born July 3, 1760. 

Zebulon, born Aug. 25, 1764. 

Freelove, born July 30, 1766. 

Freeman, born July 28, 1769. 

Remington, born July 20, 1771. 

Lewis, born July 20, 1774. 

Amos, born July 18, 1781. 

Job, born June 24, 1783; married Betsey Benjamin, Feb. 14, 1807. 

Reynolds, born Aug. 21, 1786; married Penelope Dyre, March 8, 

Lydia, born March 18, 1789. 

Joseph Greene, born May 19, 1792. 


Isaac (4), Isaac (3)^ Benony (2), George (i). 

Oliver, son of Isaac and Margaret (Gardner) Gardner, was born in 
Exeter, R. I., June 24, 1742. Married Mercy Gorton, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Mercy (Matteson) Gorton, Sept 25, 1766. She was born June 
3, 1744. Hie was called Capt. Oliver Gardner. 

Their children were: 

Sarah, born Sept. 5, 1767; married Benjamin Gardner, son of Caleb 
of East Greenwich, Oct. 10, 1791. 

Hannah, born June 21, 1769. 

Mercy, born May 27, 1771 ; married Wanton Rice, Oct. 2, 1791. 

Mary, born Aug. 16, 1773; died Sept. 28, 1773. 

Oliver, born Feb. 21, 1775. 

Margaret, born Dec. 23, 1777; married Gideon Bailey of Norwich, 
Oct. 7, 1796. 

Isaac, born Dec. 8, 1779. 

Elizabeth, born March 9, 1781 ; married Nathan Bowen of Warwick, 
R. I., June 10, 1798. 

Nicholas, born May 19, 1783. 

William, born June 4, 1787. 

John, born June 26, 1789. 

These children were all born and married in Warwick, R. I. 


Isabella Sherman (4), Bridget Gardner (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Elisha, son of John and Isabella (Sherman) Watson, was born Au- 
gust 5, 1748; married (i), Miriam Babcock. (2), Susannah, daughter 
of Judge Freeman Perry. 

Their children were: 

Mary, born Apr. 6, 1775; married John Watson, Jr. 

Elisha, born Oct. i, 1776; married Ann Cole. 

Joseph Dennison, born Aug. 30, 1778; died Nov. 17, 1854. 

Asa, born May 24, 1780. 

George, born March 24, 1782. 

William, born Dec. 26, 1783; married Mary Cole. 

Children by (2) wife were: 

Freeman, born May 16, 1787; married Phebe Watson, daughter of 
Job and Phebe (Weeden) Watson. 

Susannah, born March 13, 1789; married George Watson. 

Elizabeth, born Jan. 24, 1790; married Benjamin Brown. 

Miriam, born Oct. 30, 1793; married Stephen Browning. 



Isabella Sherman (4), Bridget Gardner (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Isabella, daughter of John and Isabella (Sherman) Watson, was 

born May 7, I752_; married Gardner. 

Their children were: 





West Greenwich. 

Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), George (i). 

Born at West Greenwich, February 19, 1772. 

John Gardner, a tailor by trade, childless and bereft of his wife, his 

sister, Tabitha Reynolds, and his parents, executed the following: 

Being weak and poorly in body and not expecting to live in this 

world but a very short time, first of all I recommend my soul into the 

hands of God &c., 

Item — 

To my honored mother-in-law, Elizabeth Gardner, three dollars. 

To my sister Tabitha's daughter Lydia Reynolds twelve shillings 

when she shall arrive at the age of eighteen years. 

To my beloved brother Palmer Gardner's four children, viz — Abi- 
gail, Dorcas, Lydia and Sylvester six shillings apiece to be paid out of 

my estate by my executor to Palmer Gardner for their use soon after my 


Item — 

All of the rest of my estate be it of what nature soever to be equally 

divided between my four brothers and sister namely Palmer, Daniel, 

Joseph, Benjamin and Lydia Gardner. 

Lastly, I nominate &c. my beloved brother to be my sole executor. 

Witnesses. his 

Henry Tanner. Signed JOHN X GARDNER. 

Nathan Dawley. mark 

Benjamin Tillinghast. 

West Greenwich, Feb. 19, 1772. 


Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3),! Nicholas (2), George (1). 

Tabitha, daughter of Sylvester and Lydia (Dawley) Ga/rdner, was 
married June 19, 1768, to Samuel, ison of' Samuel Reynolds at* West 
Greenwich, Benjamin Tillinghast, Justice, officiating. Her brother John, 
in his will executed Feb. 19, 1772, leaves a bequest to her daughter, Lydia 



Reynolds (6), and omitting in the ssume Tabitha's name from the num- 
ber of his surviving brothers and sisters leads us to believe that she died 
prior to 1772. No clew has been found to the subsequent history or off- 
spring of her daughter ■ Lydia (6). 


Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3),, Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Lydia, daughter of Sylvester and Lydia (Dawley) Gardner, is men- 
tioned only in the will ofiher brother John, where; she appears as the 
youngest member of the family. Neither she nor her parents figure at 
Hancock and it is probable that devoting, herself to their care through 
their declining years she terminated her career in West Greenwich and 
was there laid to rest beside them. 

Isabella Sherman (4), Bridget Gardner (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Walter, son of John and Isabella (Sherman) Watson, was born May 
7> 1753 J died May I, 1801. Married Abigail, daughter of Thomas Haz- 
ard. She was born Dec. 25, 175 1 ; died Feb. 2, 1837. 

Children were: 

Walter, died young. 

Isabella, born 1785 ; died Jan. 9, 1858. Was (2) wife of John J. Wat- 

Abby, born June 22, 1792; died March 31, 1843. She married Wil- 
kins Updike, son of Lodowick and Abigail (Gardner) Updike. 


Isaac (4), Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Isaac, son of Isaac and Margaret (Gardner) Gardner, was born Au- 
gust 16, 1744; married Ruth Aylsworth, Oct. 11, 1767. 
One child of whom we have record : 
Isaac, married Alice Wicks of Warwick, R. I. 

Benony (4), Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Benony and Elizabeth ( ) Gardner, was 

born 1743; married Benjamin Champlin, son of JefTry and Mary Champ- 
lin, February 8, 1763. 

Their children were: 

Nicholas, born Jan. 18, 1764. 

Daniel, born Oct. 3, 1769; married Penelope Allen, Dec. 22, 1788. 


Isabella Sherman (4), Bridget Gardner (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John, son of John and Isabella (Sherman) Watson, was born May 
23. 1737; married Desire, daughter of Thomas and Mercy (Williams) 
Wheeler, October 17, 1764. She was of Stonington, Conn. 

Children were: 

John, born June 24, 1768; married Mary, daughter of Elisha and 
Marion (Babcock) Watson^ Dec. 18, 1794. 


Wheeler, married (i) Mary Champlin, daughter of Stephen. Mar- 
ried (2) Sarah Peckham, daughter of George H. and Sarah (Taylor) 


George, born Dec. 16, 1783. 

Desire, married Peleg Peckham, son of Benjamin and Mary (Haz- 
ard) Peckham. 





Isabella Sherman (4), Bridget Gardner (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Job, son of John and Isabella (Sherman) Watson, was born Aug. 
7, 1744. Married Sarah Hazard, daughter of Robert and Sarah (Borden) 
Hazard, Feb. 12, 1766. 

Their children were : 
Isabell, born Sept. 22, 1766. 

Job, born Oct. 25, 1767; married Phebe Weeden, Jan. 18, 1787. 

Robert, born Feb. 28, 1769; died Dec. 30, 1790. Married Catherine 

Walter, born June 10, 1770; married Mary Carr. 

Borden, born Nov. i, 1772; married Isabella Babcock. 

John, born Nov. i, 1774; married Sarah Brown, daughter of Deputy 
Governor George and Hannah (Robinson) B»*own, Jan. 24, 1799. He 
married (2) Isabella Watson, Aug. 4. 1805. 


Hannah Robinson was the daughter of Roland Robinson and An- 
stress or (Antis) (Gardner) Robinson. She was styled "the unfortunate 
Hannah Robinson;" she was th6 celebrated beauty of her day, and if 
unbroken tradition is sufficient authority, the appellation was justly 

The late Doctor William Bowen of Providence frequently conversed 
about her and observed, "that Miss Robinson was the most perfect 
model of beauty that he everknew; and that he frequently visited at her 
father's home. Her figure was graceful and dignified, her complexion 
fair and beautiful, and her manners urbane and captivating. That the 
usual mode of riding at that period was on horseback; of this exercise 


she was exceedingly fond, and rode with such ease and elegance, that 
he was passionately fond of her and proposed to her* a matrimonial 
union. She replied, that his wishes to promote her happiness were 
highly flattering, that as a friend she should ever entertain for him the 
highest respect; and in that character should be ever extremely gra*if;ed 
to see him, but that she was bound to disclose to him, however reluctant 
she felt to give him pain, that she was engaged." He further observed, 
"that though disappointed in the hope he had so ardently cherished, the 
refusal was imparted with such suavity and tenderness, united with 
personal respect, that though disappointed he felt consoled." 

The late Hbn. Elisha R. Potter, Judge Waite and others who knew 
her fully confirmed Doctor Bowen's testimony in respect to her personal 
beauty and accomplishments. Mr. Peter Simons, a young gentleman of 
Newport became early attached to Miss Robinson. They had been 
school mates and the attachment was reciprocal. Her fathei without 
any apparent reason, was hostile to the connection, and his efforts were 
unwearied to prevent their union. Mr. Robinson in temperament was 
constitutionally irritable, rash and unyielding. His antipathies, when 
on<:e fixed, no reason or argument could remove. Mr. Simons hj^d. early 
in life, become attached to Miss Robinson, it had been reciprocated ; 
their dispositions were congenial, time had cemented their affections, 
she had plighted her faith, and no promises or threats could induce !ier 
to violate the vows she had made; she could become a martyr: she 
could suffer, but she could not betray her own heart or the faith another 
had reposed in her. And as might have been expected, the violent and 
unreasonable measures adopted by her father, instead of subduing only 
increased the fervor of their attachment. Her conduct was constantly 
subjected to the strictest scrutiny. If she walked her movements were 
watched; if she rode, a servant was ordered to be in constant attend- 
ance; if a visit was contemplated, he immediately suspected it was only 
a pretense for an arranged interview ; and even after departure, if the 
most trifling circumstances gave color to the suspicion, he would immed- 
iately pursue and compel her to return. In one instance she left home to 
visit her aunt at London, Connecticut ; her father soon afterwards dis- 
covered from his window a vessel leaving Newport and taking a course 
for the same place. Although the vessel and the persons on board were 
wholly unknown to him, his jealousies were immediately aroused. Con- 
jecturing it was Mr. Simons intending to fulfill an arrangement previous- 
ly made, he hastened to London, arriving a few hours only after his 
daughter and insisted her instant return. No persuasion or argument 
could induce him to change his determination, and she was compelled 
to return with him. 

Her uncle, the late Col. John Gardner, commiserated the condition 
of his unfortunate niece. He knew her determination was not to be* 
changed, or her resolution to be overcome by parental exaction, however 
severe; and aware that the wrong she had suffered, and the perplexities 
she had undergone, had already sensibly affected her health, and would 
soon destroy her constitution, with a generosity and disinterestedness 
that belonged to his character, contrived interviews between Mr, Simons 
and Miss Robinson unknown to her father. The window where she sat, 
and the shrubbery behind which his person was concealed at these even- 
ing interviews, were still shown by the family residing there in 1847. 


These were perilous meetings, for such was the determined antipa- 
thy of the father that detection would probably have resulted in the 
instant death of Mr. Simons ; but, as is usual in such cases, their precau- 
tions were in proportion to the eminence of their danger. 

All efforts to obtain the consent of her father, aided by the influ- 
ence of her mother, having proved unavailing, and seeing no prospect 
of his ever becoming reconciled to their union, she abandoned all further 
efforts to reconcile him to her wishes, and consented to make arrange- 
ments for an elopement. Having obtained her father's consent to visit her 
aunt Updike, near Wickford, she left home, accompanied by the servant 
who usually accompanied her. On arriving at the gate that led to her 
aunt's house Mr. Simons was in waiting with a carriage, as had been 
previously arranged, and disregarding the espostulations of the servant 
— ^who feared for his own safety should he return without her — she en- 
tered the carriage and that evening they were married in Providence. 

The intelligence of the elopement, when communicated to Mr. 
Robinson by the servant, roused all the fury of his ire. Hie offered a 
reward for their apprehension, but no discovery could be made. Every 
friend and relative became accessory to their concealment. Even the 
name of the clergyman who performed the nuptial ceremony could never 
be ascertained. 

But the anticipated happiness of the beautiful ill-fated young lady was 
destined to be short-lived. The severity with which she had be^n treated, 
the unkind and harassing perplexities she had endured, had so materially 
affected her health, and preyed upon her constitution, that, in a few short 
months she exhibited evident symptoms of a speedy decline. At the 
urgent solicitations of her mother, Mr. Robinson finally permitted the 
daughter once more to return ; but it was too late, the ceaseless vigils 
of a mother's love could not restore, her ; and in a few short weeks this 
beautiful and unfortunate woman — the victim of a father's relentless ob- 
stinancy — expired in the arms of her husband. 

Many visit the cemeterv where the remains and the victim of par- 
ental severity repose — a spot consecrated by the ashes of one whose life 
was a hallowed sacrifice of devotion and fidelity to the selected object of 
her earliest affections. 

Benjamin (5), John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Wickes Gardner, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Wickes) Gardner, 
was born September 12, 1777. at Tbwer Hill, South Kingstown, died 
August 17, 1840. Married Waitey Rhodes, December 19, 1802. 

Their children were: 

Betsey Wicks, born Feb. 27, 1804. 

Thomas, born July 25, 1805. 

Malachi Rhodes, born Dec. 21, 1807. 

Mary, born Feb. i, 1810. 

Edward, born Feb. 14, 1812. 

Benjamin, born July i, 1821 ; died Nov. 2, 1901. 



John (5), Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John, son of John and Sarah (Peckham) Robinson, was born Dec. 
16, 1767; died 1831. He married (i) Abigail, daughter of James and 
Ann (Rodman) Robinson. Married (2), Ruth, daughter of Judge Gard- 
ner. The first two children were by first wife, the rest by second. 









Sarah Gardner (5), Nathan (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

John, son of John and Sarah (Gardner) Hazard, was born 1775; 
died 1806. He married Frances, daughter of Capt. Daniel and Sarah 
(Hazardj Gardner, April, 1800. 

Children were: 

Martha, born about 1801 ; married Ormus Stillman. 

Frances, born about 1803; married Elnathan Brown, 1827; he died 
1830, and she married (2) Ormus Stillman. 

Sarah Gardner (5), Nathan (4), Nicholas (3), George (2), George (i). 

Nathan, son of John and Sarah (Gardner) Hazard, married Frances 
(Gardner) Hazard, widow of his brother John. 

Children were: 

William Robinson, born Jan. 11, 1810; died Sept. 26, 1873. Married 
Sarah Potter. 

Sarah, born July, 181 1; unmarried. 

Catherin, born June 2, 1818; married Peleg Noyes. 

John, born Apr. 30, 1821 ; unmarried. 


Thomas (5), John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Frederick, son of Thomas and Martha (Gardner) Gardner, was born 
Aug. 24, 1751 ; married Lucy Northup, daughter of Stephen. 
Their children were: 

Robinson, baptized March 13, 1788; died 1806. 

Abigail, baptized Jan. 7, 1790. Was first wife of Silas Gardner. 
Simeon Stuart, died 1807. 


Amos (5), John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Amos, son of Amos and Sarah (Bill) Gardner, was born 1756; died 
Sept. 29, 1827. He married Abigail Knowles, daughter of Robert. She 
was born 1743; died June 29, 1840. He lived in the "four chimney house" 
about three quarters of a mile west of the South Ferry in South Kings- 
town, R. 1. He was employed for many years to carry the mails from 
Newport to New London, Conn. 

Children were: 

Thomas Bill, born Nov. 21, 1778; died Mar. 4, i860. He married 
Sarah A. Sheffield. Married (2) Ruth Knowles, daughter of Daniel. 

Robert, died in South America ; he was poisoned by an enemy. 

Lodowick Lewis, born 1784; died Sept. 23, 1787. 

John Collins, born 1786; died May, 1790. 

Daughter, married Cranston Gardner. 

Jeanette married George Arnold. 

Josiah, born Jan. 18, 1796; died Oct. 25, 1864. Married Mercy 
( ) (2) Abby Potter. 

Charlotte, born 1797; died Dec. 13, 1859. She became (2) wife of 
Geo. Arnold. 

Charles, born 1799; died 1802. 

Abby, married William Arnold. 

Mary, married John R. Gardner of Prince Edward Island. 

James Alfred, born 1801 ; died Aug. 9, 1879. Married Maria Fish of 
Newport, daughter of Job and Mary. She died Jan. 11, 1892, in her 89th 
year. One son of whom we have record was Amos, who died May 10, 
1902, aged 75. Interred in Allenton Grove cemetery, R. I. 

Amos (5), John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John, son of Amos and Sarah (Bill) Gardner, was bom in South 
Kingstown, 1758; died in Prince Edward Island Jan. 5, 1842. He mar- 
ried Eunice Hazard, daughter of Thomas and Eunice (Rhodes) Hazard. 
She was born Feb. 14, 1764, in Rhode Island and died March 9, 1832, in 
P. E. Island. Children were: 

William Hazard, born in R. I., Apr. 25, 1786; died in P. E. Island. 
Hfe married Ann Clarke Feb. 7, 181 1. 

Sarah, born at P. E. Island Dec. 4, 1789. 

Ann Matilda, born May 29, 1791 ; married James Reynolds. 

Thomas, born May 8, 1796. 

Bowdoin, born May 8, 1796. 

John Rhodes, born Apr. 24, 1798; married Mary Gardner, daughter 
of Amos, about 1821. Married (2) Mary Harper. 

George Scott, born Sept. 9, 1800; died young. 

Sarah Sophia, born Mar. 17, 1804; died Sept. 27, 1827. 

Maria Waitstill, born Apr. 7, 1806; married James Harper. 

Eunice Susannah, born May 13, 1809; married Joseph . 


Amos (5), John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Amos and Sarah (Bill) Gardner, was born 1763; 
married Harry (or Harvy) Sherman about 1789. 

Children were: 

Sarah Ann, born. 1790; married Milton Cady, Aug. 20, 1815; died 

Lucy, born 1792; died July 25, 1863; became (2) wife of Daniel 
Daily, of Providence. 

Elizabeth, married Peter Forbes. 

Mary, married Ralph Post. 


William (5), Abigail Gardner (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Wanton) Robinson, 
was born Feb. 21, 1751 ; died 1823. She married George Brown, Apr. 
24, 1768. He was for many years a member of the General Assembly. 
"In 1795 he was appointed by the Legislature second Justice on the 
bench of the Supreme Court of the State, and held the office until 1799, 
when he was elected by the people Lieutenant Governor of the State 
over Lieut. Governor Samuel J. Potter after a severe and close canvass. 
Governor Brown was a courteous and amicable gentleman, and exem- 
plary communicant of the Episcopal church and a liberal contributor to 
its support. He sustained an unreproachable character through life and 
died Jan. 20, 1836, in the 91st year of his age and was buried in the 
church-yard at Tower Hill." His remains were afterwards removed to 
Westerley and placed in River Bend Cemetery. Governor Brown had a 
large estate in Boston Neck and on Tower Hill, that he inherited from 
his father and uncle, Thomas Browne. He with his brother, Rowland, 
built a large house on Tower Hill, and for some few years kept an Inn, 
but on the death of his uncle Thomas, from whom he inherited a fine 
estate in Boston Neck he moved to that place. Gov. Brown kept up 
a fine establishment and entertained right royally, keeping a great num- 
ber of slaves for house and farm labor. When Robert Gardner, Consul 
to Sweden, came from his mission abroad he opened his home and gave 
a grand entertainment to his friends and neighbors. Miss Nancy Brown, 
one of Gov. Brown's beautiful daughters, when she was over eighty 
years of age could still remember and loved to talk about this splendid 
aflfair, of which she was evidently the presiding genius, being taken in 
to supper by Mr. Gardner and placed at the head of his table. His ele- 
gant dress with its fine lace ruflfles at wrist and knee and white satin 
vest sprigged with pink rose buds fondly lingered in her memory. Gov. 
Brown did not approve of the attentions shown to his daughter by 
"Consul Gardner" as he was called, and to his disapproval and contempt 
of the would-be lover when he called at the house the morning after 
the entertainment to enquire after the health of Miss Nancy, the Gov- 
ernor, instead of ordering some of his fine wines or Holland cordials 
to be brought in, left the room and returned with a pewter tankard filled 



with cider, and pewter tumblers, instead of the silver tankard and fine 
cut glass that were always used tor his family and friends. Miss Nancy 
in telling the story, would add, "Can one imagine my mortification to 
see that elegant gentleman treated in such a contemptuous way, or 
wonder that he never came to see me again." Miss Mancy died at an 
advanced age unmarried. 

Children of George and Hannah (Robinson) Brown: 

Elizabeth, born 17(59; married Benj., son ot John and Sarah (Peck- 
ham) Robinson, 1791 ; aied Aug. 25, 1^55. 

Mary, born 1771 ; married nezekiah Babcock. 

William, born 1775; married Nancy Dockray Mar. 29, 1798. 

Sarah, born 1778; died young. 

Abigail, born 1778; diea unmarried. 

Nancy, born 1783; died unmarried. 

tlannah, born 1700. 

John Brown, married Mary Robinson, daughter of Christopher. 

George, married Mary Brown, his first cousin. 

Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Beriah, son of Nicholas, Esq., and Deborah (Vincent) Gardner, was 
born November 16, 1771 ; died February 12, 1853. He married first 
Phebe Gardner who died April 3, 1808, aged 36 years. He married sec- 
ond Elizabeth Hammond, daughter of Joseph, son of Judge William and 
Chloe (Wilbur) Hammond, October 25, 1808. She died September i, 
1863, in her 76th year. He with his two wives are buried in AUenton 
Grove cemetery, Allenton, Rhode Island. 

The children by his first wife were: 

Beriah, born March 28, 1794, died April 28, 1794. 

Elizabeth, born June 27, 1795; married Aldridge Bissell, Genesee, 
N. Y. 

Nicholas Vincent, born December 13, 1797, died April 10, 1857. 

Mary H., born March 9, 1800, married Beriah Reynolds; died Sept. 

Beriah, born March 27, 1802, married Francis HeflFerman ; died Sept. 
19, 1876. 

Ezekiel M., born February 6, 1804, married Susan Reynolds; died 
Sept. 14, 1876. 

Phebe, born February 25, 1806. Died at Cedar Springs, Kent Co., 
Mich., Jan. 20, 1892; married Allen Spooner. 

Deborah V., born January, 1808, married Alexander Nichols of New 
York, died Sept. 30, 1865. 

Children by his second wife were: 

Joseph H., born February 22, 181 1; died Nov. 23, 1893, ^^ Joshua 
township, Fulton Co., 111. 

James A., born January 23, 1813, died December 24, 1852. 

Harriet Cottrell, born March 11, 1815; died Nov. 7, i8g6; married 
Capt. Stephen Boyer Reynolds. 

Lucy A., bom July 21, 1817; married Thomas R. Rathbun; died 
Oct. 19, 1878. 



Benjamin C, born September ii, 1821, died October 22, 1863. 
Aldridge B., born May 25, 1823, married Agnes Jackson of New- 

William N., born December 15, 1828, died August 30, 1875. 

Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Vincent, son of Nicholas and Deborah (Vincent) Gardner, was born 
December 9, 1764, died July 17, 1851. Married Mary, daughter of Ezekiel 
and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, May, 1764. She was born March 3, 
1766; died November 23, 1831. 

Their children were : 

Deborah, married Malborough Gardner. 

Susan, born 1793; died April 11, 1815. 

David v., born October 27, 1794; died May 8, 1843. Married Han- 
nah Waite. 

Honour, born September 19, 1796; died February 20, 1877. 

William, born June 11, 1797; married Rfebecca Wood. 

Mary, born January 5, 1799; married Howland Brown. 

Amey, born October i, 1801 ; married Samitel Brown. 

Elizabeth, born September 7, 1803. 

Vincent, born September 7, 1804 ; died April 22, 1872. 

Martha, born November 11, 1807; married William Northop. 

Dorcas, born August 31, 1809; married Jeremiah S. Gardner. 

Nancy, born October 12, 181 1; married Elisha Brown. 

Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Benjamin C. Gardner, son of Nicholas, Esq., and Deborah (Vincent) 
Gardner, was born April 27, 1779; died Aug. 28, 1859; married Mehitable 
Spencer, daughter of Ann Spencer of North Kingstown, R. I., Aug. 21, 
1803, by William Northup, Eld. 

She was born 1781. Died July 20, 1845. Both are buried in Allen- 
ton Grove cemetery, Allehton, Washington County, R. I. 

Their children were: 

Sarah, born September i, 1803; died October 12, 1881. 

Nicholas, born April 14, 1805 » ^^^^ August 12, 1853. 

Ann. born September 21, 1806, died March 3, 1888. 

Willet, born June 27, 1808, died October 19, 1830. 

Deborah, born September 23, 1810, died April 15, 1899. 

Clark S., born June 27, 1812, died November i, 1883. 

Alfred, born July 26, 1814. 

Perry G., born June 24, 1816; died July 20, 1866. 

Benjamin, born July 5, 1818, died August 15, 1876. 

Joseph W., born August 22, 1820, died September 2, 1824. 

All were born at Ebceter, Washington County, Rhode Island. 



Ezekiel, Jr. (5), E^ekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2)^ George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of Ezekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gard- 
ner, was born March 6, 1770; married Jonathan N. Arnold. 
Children were: 

George, married Nichols. 

Mary, born 1810; died Feb. 10, 1897, never married 
Elizabeth, married William Weeden. 

Susan, married Spink. 

Joseph, married Ruth Fry. 

Ezekiel, Jr. (5), Eizekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Dorcas, daughter of Ezekiel and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, was 
born Feb. 3, 1772 ; married as (2) wife of Nicholas Carr Nbrthup, March 
6, 181 1. 

- Children were: 

Nicholas C, born April 18, 1812. 

John C, born May 13, 1815; died Apr. 20, 1857. 

Ezekiel, Jr. (5), Eizekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Elisha, son of Ezekiel and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, was born 
January, 1778, married Sarah Hazard. He died 1834. 

Children were: 

Palmer, born 1803; married Lydia Sheffield Gardner daughter of 
Oliver, Esq. 

Sarah, born ; married John Brown. 












Eizekiel, Jr. (5), E«zekid (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Palmer, son of Ezekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, was 
born April 29, 1783 ; married Elizabeth Browning. 
Children were: 
Dorcas, married Whiting Searle. 



Elizabeth, married Willet Gardner. 
Mary, married Isaac H. Jecoy. 

Ruth, married Jonathan Arnold, had a daughter who married Albert 
F. Ellsworth. 

Ezekiel, Jr. (5), Elzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Jesse, son of Ezekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, was 
born March 7, 1789. He married Elizabeth Bliss Northup, daughter of 
Nicholas Carr Northup and wife Ann. She was born June 11, 1789. 

Children : 

Ezra N., born Jan. 24, 1818; married Maria Cole, May 18, 1840. 


Nicholas, married — r— Cole, daughter of William. 





Ejeekiel, Jr. (5), Elzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Ezekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, 
was born March 3, 1766; married Vincent Gardner, son of Nicholas and 
Deborah (Vincent) Gardner. She died Nov. 23, 1831. 

Children were: 

Deborah, married Malbro Gardner. 


Honor, born Sept. 19, 1796; married (i) Stukley Brown, (2) Capt. 
Christopher L. Phillips and had children : Christopher, Susan Elizabeth, 
Mary Nichols, Honor Angelia, Margaret B. 

William, born June 11, 1797; married Rebecca Wood. 

David, born Oct. 27, 1798; married Hannah Waite; had children: 
Charles and Vincent. 

Mary, born January 5, 1799, married Howland Brown. 

Amy, born October i, 1801, married Samuel Brown. 

Elizabeth, born September 7, 1803. 

Vincent, born Sept. 7, 1805, died 1872. 

Martha, born November, 1807, died Oct. 19, 1895. Married William 

Dorcas, born Aug. i, 1809, died March 11, 1885. 

Nancy A., born Oct. 12, 181 1, died May 9, 1887. Married EHsha 
Brown. One child : Amey Ann. 


Zebulon (5), Eizekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Robert, son of Zebulon and Katherin (Wilcox) Gardner, was born 
in Exeter, R. I. ; died in West Greenwich, R. L, 1845. He married Mercy 
Tillinghast, daughter of John and granddaughter of Pardon Tillinghast. 


Their children were: 

John T., born 1802, died Apr. 12, 1878. 

Hannah, married John S. Sweet. 


Mercy, married Stephen A. Gardner. 

Zebulon, born 1810; married Eliza B. Lawton. 

Robert, born 1814; died Feb. 22, 1866. 


Fanny, born 1818; died Apr. 28, 1840. 

Mary A., born 1821 ; died March 18, 1837. 

Catharine, born 1823 ; died July 10, 1837. 

Ann W. 

Robert was a thrifty farmer occupying after his father the home- 
stead property, where, with his good wife, he passed in rural peace the 
noontime and evening of his life until its close. 

His sturdy good sense and his position for some years as magistrate 
in the local Court, are both preserved in the title '*]nAgt, Gardner," by 
which he has been known and is till remembered ; he was also a member 
of the legislature. 

His children were all born at Exeter and in the same house. John 
the eldest, at the death of the father became in a sense, the head of the 
family, and prior to his death was one of the most prosperous farmers 
in the town. 


Zebulon (5), Elzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Benjamin, son of Zebulon and Katherine (Wilcox) Gardner, was 
born about 1780. He married Susan Northup. 
Children were : 

Zebulon, born about 1800; married Elizabeth Rathbun. 

Ruling (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Gould, son of Huling and Elizabeth Northup, was born 1771 ; died 
1843. He married Sarah Tanner, daughter of Samuel and Sarah Tanner. 
She was born 1777; died Jan. 12, 1826. 

Their children were: 

William H., married Patience Hendricks, Dec. 7, 1817. 

Joseph Wanton, born 1799; died- 1881 ; married Mary Hendricks. 

Cornelia, born 1802; died Apr. 2, 1869. 

Susan, born 1807; died Apr. 23, 1861. 



Mary, born Apr. 27, 1812; died June 12, 1885. 


I^^lcg (5)» Ezckiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Mary Ann, daughter of Peleg and Hannah Gardner, was born Nov. 
15, 1800; she married Timothy Clarke Collins, Oct. 2, 1823. She died 
Oct. 19," 1863. He was born Jan. 4, 1799; died May 5, 1867. 

Their children were: 

Mary Ann, born Dec. 24, 1825; died Feb. 19, 1847. 

Abel Clark, born Aug. 17, 1828. 

Peleg G., born Aug. 17, 1828. 

Hannah C, born Oct. 15, 1831. 

John, born Apr. 23, 1836; died Feb. 29, 1847. 

P^lcg (s)y Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Ezekiel W., son of Peleg and Gardner, was born Oct. 7, 1776; 

died at Potter, N. Y., Apr. 19, 1866. He married Mary, daughter of Silas 
and Esther (Hazard) Niles, March 2, 1806. She was born Jan. 13, 1779; 
died Dec. 15, 1868 

Their children were: 

Peleg, born Nov. 27, 1808; died Jan. 15, 1880. 

John, born Aug. 19, 1810; died Nov. 6, 1876. 

Elizabeth, born Dec. 16, 1812; died July 27, 1851. Married John 
Underwood, Oct., 1839. Two children : Isabella W., Henry C. 

Ezekiel W., born Oct. 30, 1814; died Oct. 10, 1875 

Mary E., born June 29, 1823; died March 23, 1896. Married John 
Underwood Jan. 3, 1853. One child: John A. 


Ezekiel, Jr. (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

David, son of Eizekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, was 
born August 6, 1764. Married Lydia Sanford, daughter of Joseph and 
Mary (Clark) Sanford. 

Their children were: 

Susan, born 1801. 

David, born 1802. 

Mary, born 1807. 

Lydia, born June 29, 1809. 

Joseph C, born 181 1, died August 10, 1876. 

Ann, born 1813. 

Abbey E., born 1815. 



Elzekiel, Jr. (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Ezekiel, son of Ezekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, was 
born Jan. 19, 1768; married Ruth Tillinghast. 
Children were: 

Ruth, born 1796; died Apr. 24, 1882; unmarried. 
Ezekiel, born 1798; died Aug. 11, 1817. 

Hannah, born 1800; married as (2) wife of Hazard Burlingame. 
Pardon Tillinghast, born Oct. 13, 1804; died Jan. 25, 1888. 
Oliver, born 1808; died Feb. 26, 1893. 
George, born Sept. 20, 1810; died May 31, 1858. 


Ezekiel, Jr. (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Amey, daughter of Ezekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, 
was born March 7, 1769; died Sept. 7, 1821. She married Elisha Pierce. 
Children were: 

Joseph, born Aug. 23, 1815; died Nov. 20, 1836. 
Susan G., born Dec. 23, 1816; married Benjamin Smith. 
Ezekiel C, Elisha, twins, born March 25, 1818. 
Amey, born Dec. 24, 1820; married Benjamin Champlin, Sept. 28, 



Ezekiel, Jr. (5), Elzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Jeffrey, son of Ezekiel, Jr., and Susannah (Congdon) Gardner, was 
bom Oct. 21, 1792; married Mary Himes. 

Children were: 


Ezekiel, married, Sept. 12, 1847, Susan Elizabeth Phillips, daughter 
of Christopher L. Phillips. She was born July i, 1825. One child: 
Charles M. P., born Aug. 2, 1851. 

Christopher (5), Henry (4), Henry (3), Henry (2), George (i). 

Robert, son of Christopher and Mercy (Wheeler) Gardner, was born 
May 25, 1795. He married Lucinda Grant Elliott, April 7, 1825. He 
married (2) Sarah Barber. 

Children were: 

Oscar, born Jan. 25, 1826; married Lydia A. Sherman, 1848. She 
died 1888. He married (2) Hannah J. Nbrthup, 1889. 

Edgar T., born Dec. 15, 1827; married • Brownell, 

Rufus, born Oct. 30, 1829. 

Daniel, born April i, 1832; died Aug., 1833. 


Children by (2) wife were : 





Christopher (5), Henry (4), Henry (3), Henry (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Christopher and Mercy (Wheeler) Gardner, was 
born January 19, 1781 ; died March 25, 1864. She married Clark Rodman, 
son of Robert and Margaret (Carpenter) Rodman, 1800. He was born 
Feb. 16, 1781 ; died April 12, 1859. 

Their children were: 

Christopher, born July 18, 1801 ; married Nancy Taber of Newport. 

Margaret Clarke, born May 13, 1803; married Elisha Kenyon. 

Daniel, born Aug. 3, 1805; died Aug. 5, 1881. He married Elisa 

Clarke, born Sept. 3, 1808; died Mar. 25, 1864. Married Fanny 
Crandall, (2) Sarah Straight. 

Elizabeth, born July 11, 1810; died Feb. 8, 1867. Married William 

Mary Ann, born Mar. 16, 1813; died young. 

Robert, born Sept. i, 1815; died young. 

Robert, born Oct. 9, 1818 ; married Taylor. 

Phoebe, born Feb. 13, 1822; married W. E. Pierce. 

Thomas C, born Apr. 25, 1826; died Oct. 8, 1869. Married Caroline 


Nicholas E. (5), Christopher (4), Ephriam (3), Henry (a). George (i). 

George B., son of Nicholas Easton Gardner, was born 1787; died 

Aug. 5, 1859. He married Lucy Ann . She was born 1798; died 

Nov. 17, 1841. 

Children were: 

Eunice B., died young. 

Penelope, died 1834, aged 7 years. 

Sarah Penelope, died 1835, aged i year. 


Wickes (6), Benjamin (5), John (4), William (3), Benony (a), 

George (i). 

Benjamin Gardner, son of Wickes and Waitey (Rhodes) Gardner, 
was born July i, 1821, at Warwick, R. I.; died November 2, 1901, at 
Providence, R. I. Married Caroline Greene of Warwick, R. I., Septem- 
ber 26, 1844. She died January 4, 1869, at Providence, R. I. 

Seven children were born to them : 

Walter Scott, born June 10, 1846 ; died Sept. 29, 1852. 


Richard Wickes, born Aug. lo, 1848; died June 22, 1859. 

Harriet Rhodes, born June 24, 1854, lives at Westboro, Mass. 

Elizabeth Wickes, born Jan. 23, 1857, teacher at Warren, R. I. 

Caroline, born Feb. 26, i860; died Mch. 24, 1861. 

Charles Carroll, born Jan. 23, 1863. 

Albert Greene, born Apr. 11, 1865. 

Benjamin Gardner was a graduate of Brown University. 


Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Annie, daughter of Benjamin ChampHn and Mehitable (Spencer) 
Gardner, was born September 21, 1806; died March 3, 1888; married 
James Davis. Date of marriage not known. 

One child was born to them : 

Lucy Emeline, born Jan. 28, 1837. 


Jesse (6), Ezckiel, Jr. (5), Ezekicl (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Ezra, son of Jesse and Elizabeth B. (Northup) Gardner, married 
Maria Cole, May 18, 1840. She was born July 31, 1820, a daughter of 
Edward and Margaret (Pierce) Cole. 

Children were: 

Maria C, born Mar. 5, 1842. 

Emma, born Aug. i, 1844; died Oct. 2, 1844. 

Sarah P., born Sept. 2, 1846; married Cyrus Brown; died Aug. 26, 
1872. Two children : Cyrus P., Joseph Theodore, born July 27, 1852. 
• Albert, 




Ezekiel (6), Ezekicl, Jr. (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a). 

George (i). 

Pardon T., son of Ezekiel and Ruth (Tillinghast) Gardner, was born 
Oct. 13, 1804; died Jan. 25, 1888. He married Harriet G. Burlingame. 
Children were: 

Hannah N., married William A. Spaulding. 
Ruth Ann, married Daniel Congdon . 
Daniel T., born 1840. 
Alice F. 



Ezckiel (6), Ezckicl, Jr. (5), Eitekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), 

George (i). 

Oliver, son of Ezekiel and Ruth (Tillinghast) Gardner, was born 
1808; died 1893. He married Harriet Sherman. 
Children were: 

Ezekiel, married Nancy B. Brown. 
Ruth, married Elisha D. Browning. 
Oliver, married Susan Gardner. 
Harriet, married Almond C. Huling. 


Ezekiel X^)f Ezekiel, Jr. (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

George, son of Ezekiel and Ruth (Tillinghast) Gardner, was born 
Sept. 20, 1810; died May 31, 1858. He married Mary Ann Burlingame. 

Children were: 

Frances Ann, born Apr. i, 1835; died Mar. 20, 1895; married Wil- 
liam W. Congdon. 

George Henry, born July 14, 1837. 


Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3)^ Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Nicholas Gardner, son of Benjamin C. and Mehitable (Spencer) 
Gardner, was born April 14, 1805; died August 12, 1853. Married 
Abigail Arnold of Exeter, Rhode Island. 

The following children were born to them: 

Mary Angeline, born April 5, 1829; died January 5, 1899. 

Benjamin Arnold, 

Frances Ann, died in her seventeenth year. 

Willet, born April 12, 1833; died Aug. 4, 1904. 

Nicholas Spencer, 

Abigail Mehitable, 

Susan Elizabeth, born February 3, 1840. 

Cornelia Maria, died in infancy. 

Charles Wilson, born December 4, 1844. 

Frances Manton, died in infancy. 



Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3)^ Nicholas (2)^ 

George (i). 

Sarah Gardner, daughter of Benjamin Champlin and Mehitable 
(Spencer) Gardner, was born September i, 1803, died October 12, 1881. 
Married Gideon Bailey, son of Caleb and Elizabeth (Barber) Bailey, 
January i, 1829. He was born July 29, 1802, died April 28, 1880. 

Children were: 

Willet Anthony, born Feb. I, 1835; died March 19, 1850. 

Mary Ellen, born July 12, 1837; living. 


Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Benjamin Gardner, son of Benjamin C. and Mehitable (Spencer) 
Gardner, was born July 5, 1818; died August 15, 1876. Married Mary 
Reynolds, daughter of John and Catharine (Tripp) Reynolds, February 
12, 1839. She died September 24, 1861. 

Children were: 

ITiomas T., born October 14, 1839; died April 25, 1846. 

Joseph O., born October 13, 1842. 

Philander F., born February 16, 1846; died April 15, 1885. 

Alonzo J., born December 2j, 1848 ; living at Allenton, K. I. 

Benjamin T., born August 27, 1851 ; died April 2, 1874. 


Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Mary (6), Ezekiel (5), Ezekicl (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Vincent, son of Vincent and Mary (Gardner) Gardner, was born 
Sept. 7, 1804; died April 22, 1872; married Mary Reynolds, daughter of 
Jonathan, Jan. 29, 1829. She was born in Wickford, R. I., Aug. 16, 1807. 
Married by Rev. Lemuel Burge. 

Children : 

Mary Eleanor, born February 22, 1830; living at Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Jonathan Vincent, born May 23, 1832; living at Wickford, R. I. 

Susan Elizabeth, born October 17, 1834; died November 3, 1842. 

Susan Elizabeth, born November i, 1845; died February 9, 1873. 

Leander, born September 3, 1848; died May 6, 1835; single. 



Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Mary (6), Eizekiel (5), Elzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Dorcas Gardner, daughter of Vincent and Mary (Gardner) Gardner, 
was born August i, 1809; died March 11, 1885. Married Jeremiah S. 

Children were: 

Thomas Vincent, born January 3, 1834; died October 3, 1881. 

Jeremiah S., born May 13, 1838. 

Edward C., born May 7, 1840; died young. 

Phebe E., born June 18, 1841. 

Edward C., born January 3, 1846. 


Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Mary (6), Ejtekiel, Jr. (5), Eizekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Amey Gai:dner, daughter of Vincent and Mary (Gardner) Gardner, 
was born October i, 1801. Married Samuel Brown. 

Children were: 


Mary G., born April 21, 1830; died Nov. 10, 1856; married John-G. 
Pierce. Children were : Izitt G., born February 12, 1855 ; died March 
31, 1880. Thomas J., born June 20, 1858. 

Eleanor L., born 1832; died 1885. 


Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i), 

Mary (6), Ezckicl, Jr. (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

EHzabetfh Gardner, daughter of Vincent and Mary (Gardner) Gard- 
ner, was born September 7, 1803. Married (i) Benjamin Gardner. They 
had one child: 

Mary E. Married (2) Henry S. Sherman April 19, 184Q. They had 
children as follows: John B., Mary E., William H'., Sarah, Jesse, De- 
borah, married Pardon . Married (2) John Caswell and died July 

29, 1889. 



' ' ; - ! i 

Beriah (6)^ Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

\ .' I i 

Nicholas V., son of Beriah and Phebe (Gardner) Gardner, was 
born Dec. 18, 1797; died April 10, 1857; married Hannah S. Baker. She 
was born Sept. 8, 1806; died Jan 21, 1879. 

Children : 

Nicholas Jonathan (called **Captain Joe'*), born Oct. 15, 1837; living 
at Wickford, Rhode Island. He married Phebe Cozzens Nov. 27, 1866. 
She died May 15, 1905. No children. 

Phebe Elizabeth, born July 15, 1829; living at Wickford, R. I.; 
married William H. Lewis. Children: Hattie, born 1854; died 1906; 
Elizabeth, born 1857. Living at Wickford. 


Gould (6), Ruling (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Joseph Wanton, son of Gould and Sarah (Tanner) Gardiner of 
Exeter, was born Sept. 26, 1799; died Oct. 6, 1881. He married Mary 
W. Hendricks, daughter of James of North Kingstown, Feb. 19, 1829. 
She was born Apr. 14, 181 1; died Feb. 6, 1897. Both are buried in 
Allenton Grove Cemetery, Allenton, R. L 

Children were : 

Harrison, born May 18, 1830; died Oct. 7, 1857. His wife, Hannah 
B., died Nbv. 9, 1900. 

Greene, born Nov. 24, 1831. 

Mary Fields, born Sept. 10, 1834. 

Joseph Warren, born Mar., 1836. Living at Brewster, Nebraska. 

Owen G., born Jan. 8, 1845. 

Massena T., born Nov. 9, 1846. 

Ansel B., born Jan. 29, 1849. 

Calvin, born Apr. 24, 1851. 


Benjamin (7), Wickes (6), Benjamin (5), John (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Carroll Gardiner, son of Benjamin and Caroline (Green) 
Gardiner, was born January 23, 1863, at Providence, R. 1. Married (i) 
Annie Louisa Cooke, daughter of Edwin S. and Louisa W. Cooke of 
Smithfield, R. L, October 17, 1889. She died May 21, 1893. No children. 

Mr. Gardner married (2) Ethelind Richards, November 8, 1900. She 
was the daughter of Rev. C. A. L. and Mary White (Wiltbank) Rich- 
ards, who reside at Providence, R. L 

One child has been born to them : 

Charles Carroll, Jr., born June 28, 1905, 



Benjamin (7), Wickes (6), Benjamin (5), John (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Albert Green Gardner, son of Benjamin and Caroline (Green) Gard- 
iner, married Annie Marion Dow, of Cambridge, Mass., June 19, 1900. 
Their children are : 
Elizabeth Trott, born Apr. 23, 1901. 
Caroline Greene, born Sept. 21, 1904. 


Zebulon (7), Robert (6), Zebulon (5), E^ekiel (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

When the family of Zebulon and Eliza (Lawton) Gardner, at Fall 
River was broken up by the death of the mother, the youngest son, Z. 
Herbert, then but two years old, found a home with his father's brother 
John T., and from then lived at the Gardner homestead in Eoceter, a part 
of which he inherited from his uncle at his death in 1878. 

From his uncle's home he had such meager chances for an education 
as the small rural school might give until old enough to attend the sem- 
inary at East Greenwich, after which he was in Bryant & Stratton's 
school at Providence, and later in 1868, he graduated at Schofield's Com- 
mercial College in that city. 

Mr. Gardner has always been a republican. Beside filling several 
minor offices, he was three years commissioner of the town asylum, anil 
in 1879, 1880-81 he represented Exeter in the lower house of the state 
legislature. After an interval of one year, he was promoted by his fellow 
townsmen to a seat in the State Senate, and re-elected in 1884. For three 
of those five terms, he was chosen without opposition. 

In 1879 he married Martha A. Crandall, of Phoenix, R'. I. 

Children were: 

John T., born Aug., 1882. 

Z. Herbert, Jr., born Feb., 1884. 
. Thomas C, born Feb., 1887. 


Annie Gardner (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nich- 
olas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Lu:y Emelinfe Davis, daughter of James and Annie (Gardner) Davis 
was born January 28, 1837. Married John Tillinghast Greene, son of 
Pardon and Deborah (Sisson) Greene, March 20, 1862. 

Their children were: 

Frank Wilson, born Jan. 23, 1863; married Ella Jencks Bartlett, 
daughter of Smith Jencks and Marietta (Dow) Rartlett, May 5, 1899. 

Fred Davis, born July 19, 1864; died Apr. 27, 1883. 

Nellie Abbott, born Sept. 18, 1865. 

Annie Bell, born Oct. 25, i8i59. 



Nicholas (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas 
(3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Nicholas S., son of Nicholas and Abigail (Arnold) Gardner, was 
born at Exeter, R. L, May 21, 1835; married Susan F. Holmes in St. 
Louis, Mo., Nov. 13, 1867. He died in St. Louis, Mo., March 11, 1891. 

Two sons : 

Charles Holmes, born Sept. 13, 1868, in Warsaw, Mo., married Mary 
Belle McClurrey in St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 17, 1895. H'^ ^^^^ June i, 1900, 
in St. Louis. No children. 

Herbert Spencer, born in Warsaw, Mo., Dec. 22, 1872; married 
Maria Piatt Read in St. Louis, Mo., Apr. 8, 1896. One son: Edward 
Read, born Sept. 11, 1897. 


Nicholas (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Willett Gardner, son of Nicholas and Abigail (Arnold) Gardner, 
was born April 12, 1833, at Exeter, Rhode Island. Died August 4, 1904, 
at Riverside^ California, where his family now reside. Married Lucia 
Avery of Providence, Rhode Island, September 9, 1868. 

They have two sons as follows : 

Frank Avery, born in Providence, R. I., Nov. 22, 1870. 

Willett Arnold, born in Roscoe, Mo., June 9, 1872. 


Nancy G. Gardner (7), Mary (6), Elzekiel, Jr. (5), Ezekid (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Amey Ann, daughter of Elisha and Nancy G. (Gardner) Brown, 
was born July 15^ 1836; died 1887, married Thomas C. Pierce. 
Their children were: 
John F., born Aug. 17, 1852. 
Christopher P., born Sept. 28, 1854. 
Thomas W., born Nov. 21, 1859. 
Amey Ann, born March 6, 1869. 


George (7), Ezekiel (6), Bzekiel, Jr. (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (2). 

George Henry, son of George and Mary Ann (Burlingame) Gard- 
ner, was born July 14, 1837. He married (i) Nancy Greene, (2) Rachel 
F. George. 

Children by first wife: 

George E., born Mar. 4, 1862. 


Abby p., born Mar. 24, 1863. 

Children by second wife: 

Francis Murry, born 1872. 

Ada Josephine, born 1875. 

Harriet Langworthy, born 1880. 

Mary Esther, born Apr. 15, 1881 ; died Mar. 10, 1887. 

Ruth Emeline, born June 28, 1889. 


Benjamin (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4) Nicho- 
las (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Alonzo J. Gardner, son of Benjamin and Mary (Reynolds) Gardner, 
was born December 2T^ 1848, in Exeter, Rhode Island. Married Mary 
E. Wilcox, daughter of George W. and Clarissa (Johnson) Wilcox, Sep- 
tember 17, 1871. 

Their children were: 

Mary B., born June 17, 1872, died May 8, 1902. 

Arthur Lynwood, born April 27, 1879; married Bessie Waterman 
Luce April 16, 1907, daughter of Clarence J., and Mary Anna (Duffy) 

Infant son, born March 23, 1881, died April 19, 1881. 

Ethel B., born April 26, 1885. 

All were born in North Kingstown, R. I. 


Sarah Gardner (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nich- 
olas (3), Nicholas (2), George^ (i). 

Mary Ellen, daughter of Gideon and Sarah (Gardner) Bailey, was 
born July 12, 1837; married Martin Andrews, son of Holden and Eliza- 
beth (Bailey) Andrews, January i, 1870. He was born May 31, 1834, 
died March 4, 1899. 

Children : 

Annie Holden, born May 17, 1871. 

Clarke Willett, born July 18, 1872. 

Louisa Bailey, born Nov. 17, 1874; unmarried. 


Zebulon (7), Robert (6), Zebulon (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nich- 
olas (2), George (i). 

After being educated in the East at Phillips' Academy in Andover, 
Mass., and at Yale College, he located in California, became the head 
of a family, and an Attorney at Law in Sacramento city. He was ap- 
pointed receiver of public moneys there, by President Arthur, and held 
the position six years. 



Zdi>taon (7), Robert (6), Zebulon (5), Ezckiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nich- 
olas (2), Grarge (i). 

Robert, son of Zebulon and Eliza (Lawton) Gardner, was born 1842. 
At the age of 17 years, he emigrated to California, and became a promi- 
nent business man there. He was in the flour, grain and lumber business 
for 10 years. He was a delegate from California in the National Repub- 
lican Convention which met in Baltimore, June, 1864, to nominate Lin- 
coln for the second time President of the United States. 

He was appointed by President Grant in March, 1869, register of 
the Humboldt land office for Humboldt district, Cal. 

He was nominated for State Surveyor General by the republican 
state convention in Sacramento in June, 1871, on the ticket with Newton 
Booth for Governor, and was elected for four years; renominated for 
State Surveyor General in June, 1875, on the ticket with Timothy G. 
Phelps, for Governor. The ticket was defeated, caused by a split in the 
Republican party. He lived in 1889 in Oakland, Cal. 


Joseph Wanton (7), Gould (6), Ruling (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), 

Nicholas (2), George (i). 

J. Warren, son of Joseph Wanton and Mary W. (Hendricks) Gard- 
ner, was born March, 1836, in North Kingstown, R. I. Living in Brew- 
ster, Neb. 

Children were: 

Claude, born 1867. 

Grace, born 1869. 

Blanche, born 1871. 
. Joseph Ray, born 1873. 

Earl born 1876. 

Walter Scott, born 1877. 

Marie, born 1881. 


Joseph W. (7), Gould (6), HuUng (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Owen Gardner, son of Capt. Joseph W. and Gardner, married 

Susan A., daughter of William Tisdale, 1866. 

Children were: 

Eleanor G. 

Clarence E. 

Owen G., Jr. 

Linwood A. 

Mr. Gardner was business manager of the R. I. Telephone three 
years, and engaged in the wholesale confectionery business several years 
on the road. 



Zebulon (7), Benjamin (6), Zebulon (5), Ekzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Harrington, son of Zebulon and Elizabeth (Rathbun) Gardner, mar- 
ried Gardner, daughter of Randall Gardner. 

We have record of only an adopted son: 


Vincent, Jr. (7), Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Mary Eleanor, daughter of Vincent, Jr. and Mary M. (Reynolds) 
Gardner, was born Feb. 22, 1830. Living at Chattanooga, Tenn. She 
married Rev. Charles H. Payne. 

Children : 

Charles Vincent, born Sept. 20, 1858, at Taunton, Mass. Living. 

Frank Leonard, born Oct. 7, i860, at East Bridgewater, Mass., died 
Apr. 29, 1863, at Prov., R. I. 


In his youth Charles Henry Payne had to encounter such obstacles 
as were common to New England boys in humble circumstances, and 
some that were peculiar to his own situation ; but he displayed the ten- 
acity and energy which in later years were synonyms for, as well as 
causes of, successful achievement in various but closely related fields. 
He studied in the public schools, prepared for college in the East Green- 
wich Seminary, and was graduated from Wesleyan University. Having 
the ministry in view he went to the Concord Biblical Institute, and was 
admitted on trial in the Providence Conference in the spring of 1857, 
and stationed at Sandwich. He had been a local deacon for some time, 
and in his third year in Conference was sent to East Bridgewater. Rap- 
idly rising in popular esteem, he was transferred at the end of that year 
to First Church, Fall River. From Fall River, at the end of his two 
years, he went to Broadway, Providence, R. I., and there at the close 
of his second year was stationed for a third year, though, his health 
having failed, he had a colleague. 

He then thought it improbable that he would be able to preach again 
and made arrangements to go into business. At that time Dr. Cyrus 
D. Foss, who had been for two years pastor of South Fifth Street Church 
in the Eastern District of Brooklyn, was transferred to the New York 
Conference, to the disappointment of the people, who desired him to 
return for a third year. Dr. James Porter, one of the Book Agents, then 
attended South Fifth Street Church, and having known Dr. Payne from 
his youth and holding a high opinion of his abilities, suggested him as 
a suitable person for pastor, saying, "As sure as he comes every pew 
will be rented, and he will build you a new church." Dr. Payne was 
transferred, entering the New York East Conference in the spring of 


1866. Dr. Porter therein prophesied truly. Not a "crowd compeller" 
in the ordinary sense of the word, those whom he attracted were by his 
pastoral persuasiveness induced to take permanent sittings. The fragile 
man, who appeared as though dyspepsia was to be followed by consump- 
tion, gave to that church an organic unity which it had never had, and 
produced a universal spirit of co-operation, the result of which was the 
erection of the imposing St. John's Church, long the admiration of all 
Methodist visitors, and still one of the best structures in the denomina- 
tion. As its pastor in 1868 he met William Morley Pushon, the Eng- 
lish orator, immediately after his landing in New York en route to the 
General Conference and took him to the church where he preached in 
the evening of the dedication the first of his brilliant series of discourses 
on this continent. 

Dr. Payne remained but one term in the New York East Confer- 
ence, being sought for in Philadelphia to make necessary and erect the 
Arch Street Church, in that city. Having done this work, — in many 
respects more arduous than that which he had performed in Brooklyn, 
— he was sent to Spring Garden Street Church, and at the close of his 
term there was transferred to St. Paul's Church, Cincinnati. In 1876 he 
was elected President of the Ohio Wesleyan University, and there re- 
mained until 1888, when he became Corresponding Secretary of the 
Board of Education. 

The mind of Dr. Payne was unusually clear; it was also precise, 
familiar with distinctions and definitions ; an obscure sentence never fell 
from his lips. His acquaintance with literature was extensive, and style 
and its cultivation occupied much of his thought. His spirit was critical 
of words, things, thoughts and their embodiment in men and institutions. 
It is probable that he never uttered a word of slang. All his public com- 
munications were on a high plane, and his private conversation, if pub- 
lished, would not have subjected him to harsh criticism. He saw defects 
and noted them, applying the same principles to himself and others. 
Always, till with some mitigation in the last few years, he was a dys- 
peptic. His temperament was intensely nervous. This gave him the 
^reat advantage of being always animated whenever he spoke in public. 
The reaction of an audience upon him was a nerve stimulant, but it 
subjected him to the dangerous temptation of permitting an undue draft 
upon his vital resources. The art of self-care he had mastered as respects 
focKl and regimen, and could practice self-denial heroically in everything 
but work. 

His temperament carried with it its usual accompaniment of sensi- 
tiveness. He was easily worried, might be irritated, but was never seen 
in a passion. 

His voice, a somewhat sharp baritone, almost thin, but with great 
carrying power, was singularly penetrating. It admitted of use upon at 
least two full octaves, and at times his low notes gave great force and 
happily modified the acuteness of some of his tones. He abounded in 
gesticulation. The application of his powers to the platform abounded 
in surprises to the auditor who heard him for the first time; for one 
would expect, from his appearance, mildness and perhaps feebleness of 
manner, and scholarly hesitation for the right word. Instead, he would 
hear a man who might have spoken on the platform with Garrison and 


Phillips in the days of their most portentious fulminations, without weak- 
ening the effect. 

As a sermonizer he blended system with much power of elaboration, 
and could deliver distinctions as though they were descriptions. A dis- 
course on "Divine Providencce," which he delivered in the Park Street 
Church when it was still the representative orthodox church of Boston 
and was without a pastor, made such an impression that the committee 
on pulpit supply began negotiations with him to accept its pastorate. 
Long afterward we requested him to preach that sermon in a pulpit of 
which we had control, and could easily understand the impression which 
it had made. 

As a pastor his success was achieved without obsequiousness, in- 
discriminate flattery, or officiousness; hence it greatly reinforced his 
sermons. What he did as an author was sufficient to show what he 
might have done had he given more attention to that form of literary 
work. His writings were based chiefly upon his addresses, and were in 
every way creditable to him. 

Money-raising was with him reduced to an art. A clear presenta- 
tion of the cause, a tenacity in appeal, and a transparent plan, all fused 
with an earnestness born of strong desire to succeed, together with pre- 
liminary preparation, gave him unusual success. The churches that he 
built are his monuments. 

As a college president he was among the best, subject to the dis- 
advantage of his temperament, which could be fretted by details. He 
was true to his principles, and the Ohio Wesleyan University derived 
substantial and permanent benefits from his administration. 

As Corresponding Secretary he identified himself with his cause. 
His mind was continually at work, and whether in preparing the pro- 
gram for Children's Day, conceiving a scheme for the establishment of 
a University Senate, coniferring with the burdened authorities of strug- 
gling schools, or aiming at a general elevation of the average curricu- 
lum, he was alike ready to concentrate his whole faculties and to avail 
himself of the suggestions and labor of others. If he could find no 
hymns expressive of the idea which he wished to set forth, he would 
compose them or have them composed. 

Dr. Payne sympathized with reformatory movements. Sometimes, 
having gone to the uttermost verge of radicalism he would hesitate, step 
back, and survey the scene. Again, a spirit of conservatism would take 
possession of him as he saw the waves of controversy rising higher and 
higher; but his general course was in the direction of modifications in 
Church and State in the interest of human progress. The "Western 
Christian Advocate," in an excellent article, speaking of him as five times 
a delegate from the Cincinnati to the General Conference, says that 
"except in committees, where he was always valuable and influential, he 
was not at his best in the General Conference. He lacked the readiness 
for rough-and-tumble debate. His steel was too finely tempered to clash 
with the rude broadswords wielded there." 

Concurring in the general estimate, in the spirit only of brotherly 
appreciation we suggest that the primary difficulty was not in the tem- 
per of the steel, but in the general movement of his mind when under 
a sense of limitation and responsibility. The platform and the pulpit 
left him to make selections from the abundance of his thoughts at his 


own will. This, whether the Damascus blade or the rude broadsword 
be swung, is impossible in the General Conference. To change the fig- 
ure, one must select almost by an instinct smooth or rough stones, as 
he needs them, and while in the very act of hurling them. 

Dr. Payne possessed one gift which any Gospel minister, unless 
menacled by a liturgy, might covet ; — the power of public prayer. We 
have long classed him with a few men who, from our human point of 
view, seeemed to utter words in public prayer in the Sabbath congrega- 
tion, alike acceptable to devout hearers on earth and presumptively, in 
vfew of His great mercy, to the "eternal power whose high abode be- 
comes the grandeur of a God." 



Vincent, Jr. (7), Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), 

Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Jonathan Vincent, son of Vincent, Jr., and Mary M. (Reynolds) 
Gardner, was born May 23, 1832. Married Charlotte E. Hall, February 

24, 1859.. 

Their children were born as follows: 

Henry Vincent, born February 15, i860, at Wickford, R. I. Living. 

Arthur Gerald, born May 26, 1868, at Wickford, R. I. Living. 


Vincent, Jr. (7), Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), 

Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Susan Elizabeth, daughter of Vincent, Jr., and Mary M. (Reynolds) 
Gardner, was born November i, 1845, died Jan. 9, 1873. Married 
Thomas D. Nichols July 10, 1870-. 

Children born to them were: 

George Vincent, 

Mary Charlott. 


Nancy G. Gardner (7), Mary (6), Eekiel, Jr. (5), Bezkiel (4), Nicho- 
las (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Amey Ann, daughter of Elisha and Nancy G. (Gardner) Brown, 
was born July, 1836; died 1887, married Thomas C. Pierce. 
Their children were : 
John F., born Aug. 17, 1852. 
Christopher P., born Sept. 28, 1854. 
Thomas W., born Nov. 21, 1859. 
Amey ^pn, born March 6, 1869. 



Harriet C. Gardner (7), Beriah (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), Nicholas 
(3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Joseph G., son of Capt. Stephen B. and Harriet Cottrell (Gardner) 
Reynolds, was born July 12, 1853. Married Rebecca G. Tillinghast, Jan- 
uary I, 1879, living at Wickford, R. I. 

Their children were: 

Marion T., born Jan. 24, 1880, living. 

Stephen B., born May 16, 1882, living; married Gracie Clark, June 
20, 1906. 

Joseph G., Jr., born April 9, 1886. 

Bessie T., born April 17, 1890, died Feb. 16, 1906. 

Howard K, born April, 1896, died June 11, 1896. 


Lucy R Davis (8), Annie Gardner (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), 
Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Frank Wilson Green, son of John T. and Lucy E. (Davis) Green, 
was born January 23, 1863. Married Ella Jencks Bartlett, daughter of 
Smith Jencks and Mariette (Dow) Bartlett, May 5, 1899. 

No children. 


Willett (8), Nicholas (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Frank Avery Gardner, son of Willett and Lucia (Avery) Gardner, 
was born Nov. 22, 1870. Married Alice Azelina McCormick of River- 
side, Gal., November 24, 1887. 

One son has been born to them : 

Myron Milice, born November 22, 1900. 


Mary E. Bailey (8), Sarah Gardner (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), 
Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Annie Holden Andrews, daughter of Martin and Mary Ellen (Bai- 
ley) Andrews, was born May 17, 1872. Married Richard Bowen, son of 
Amos M. and Eliza R. (Henry) Bowen, September 18, 1905. He was 
born April 8, 1872. 

No children. 



Mary B. Bailey (8), Sarah Gardner (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), 
Nicholas (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Clarke Willet Andrews, son of Martin and Mary Ellen (Bailey) 
Andrews, was bom July 18, 1872. Married Annie Frances Bliven, 
daughter of Charles Courtland and Lucetta (Briggs) Bliven, October 
17, 1900. She was born March i, 1878. 

One child has been born to them : 

Justin Meredith, born August 28, 1902. 


Alqnza J. (8), Benjamin (7), Benjamin C. (6), Nicholas (5), 
NicholzLS (4), NicholzLS (3), Nicholas (2), George (i), 

Mary B. Gardner, daughter of Alonza J. and Mary (Wilcox) Gard- 
ner, was born June 17, 1872; died May 8, 1902. Married Isaac E. Lewis, 
son of John P. and Mercy A. (Willis) Lewis, April 28, 1896. H« died 
October 29, 1897. 

One child was born to them: 

Marjorie Ethel, born August 6, 1897 ; died June 22, 1898. 


Jonathan V. (8), Vincent (7), Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Henry Vincent, son of Jonathan V. and Charlotte E. (Hall) Gardner, 
born February 15, i860, at Wickford, R. L Is now living at Providence, 
R. I. Married Elizabeth A. Clark June i, 1883. No children. 


Jonathan V. (8), Vincent (7), Vincent (6), Nicholas (5), Nicholas (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Arthur Gerald, son of Jonathan V. and Charlotte E. (Hall) Gard- 
ner, was born May 26, 1868, at Wickford, R. I. Now living at Provi- 
dence, R. I. Married Sarah J. Cosgrove, November i, 1893. 

The following children have been born to them : 

Charlotte Beatrice, born July 3, 1895. Living. 

Dorothy Elizabeth, born Dec. 7, 1898. Living. 



Charles C. Gardner, son of Oliver A. and Annie E. (Williams) 
Gardner, married Mary E. Good, daughter of Cyrus Good, November i, 

Their children were : 

Clarence O., born October 6, 1884. 

Eugene C, born February 7, 1886. 

Harry R., born August 25, 1887. 

Lola B., born March 12, 1889. 

Charles O., died in infancy. 

Bertha A., born October 14, 1893. 

Cyrus A., born June 3, 1903. 

All were born in Iowa. t 


Benony (2), George (i). 

Stephen Gardiner, son of Benony and Mary Gardiner, was born 
about 1667, at Kingstown, Rhode Island. Died February 9, 1743, in 
Bozrah, Conn., and buried in the Gardiner cemetery on a large farm near 
Gardiner's Lake, now owned by Alvah Frances Gardiner. 

Married Amy Sherman, daughter of Benjamin and Hannah (Mow- 
ery) Sherman, of Kingstown, about 1700. She was born October 25, 

Their children were: 

Amy, born June 13, 1701. 

Lydia, born October 10, 1702. 

Stephen, born February 24, 1704. 
. Benjamin, born April 18, 1706. 

Peregrene, born January 24, 1707; married Susannah, daughter of 
John and Mary (Hazard) Robinson, Mar. 30, 1737. 

Daniel, born December 14, 1709; died July 31, 1755. 

Sarah, born October 25, 171 1; married Jonathan Smith, August 24, 

Hannah, born May 2, 1713. 

Mehettable, born May 22, 1715. 

Abigail, born July 9, 1717; married Richard Smith, of Groton, Conn., 
April 21, 1744. 

David, born June 28, 1720; died 1798. 

Jonathan, born April 18, 1724. 

1705, his father deeded land to son Stephen with house thereon in 

1731 Stephen deeded the same land to his uncle, John Watson, for 
2,300 pounds, signed as Stephen Gardiner of South Kingstown. (T^e 
town was divided into North and South Kingstown in 1722.) This 
homestead farm was possibly on or near Tower Hill. 

1736. A number of deeds of this date are recorded in Norwich, 
Conn., relating to the purchase of land in Colchester by Stephen Gard- 
ner, of South Kingstown. In Colchester other deeds are found dated 
1733. Signed by Stephen Gardner of Norwich. From this time till 1742 
he appears in the records as buying land in Colchester and Bozrah and 
Montville around Gardiner's lake. 

Coggeshall history of Montville says "Stephen Gardiner married, 
1700, Amy Sherman, daughter of Benjamin and Hannah (Mowry) Sher- 
man, of Kingstown, Rhode Island. Settled in New London County, 
Connecticut. He bought the Great Pond afterwards called Gardiner's 
Lake. The following inscription on his tombstone at Gardiner's Lake 




was deciphered a few years ago by Mr. James Arnold of Providence, 
Rhode Island. 

"Here lyes ye body of Stephen 
Gardiner, who died February ye 
9, 1743 and in ye 76 year of his age." 

Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Benjamin Gardner, son of Stephen, Sr., and Amy (Sherman) Gard- 
iner, was born April 18, 1706; died 1776; married Content . His 

will is recorded in Vol. 6, Page 26, Probate Records, Norwich, Conn. 
Written February 13, 1762. Probated May 7, 1776. The children were 
as follows: 



Margaret, married Congdon. 



Desire, married Avery. 



Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

David Gardner, son of Stephen and Amy (Sherman) Gardiner, was 
born 1720; died 1798; married Jemima Gustin October i, 1744. 
Children : 

David, born April 20, 1753; died January 20, 1823. 

Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Jonathan, son of Stephen and Amy (Sherman) Gardiner, was born 
April 18. 1724, in South Kingstown, R. I., died August 22, 1792, at Boz- 
rah. Conn. He married (i) Mary Houghton. She died Feb. 29, 1760. 
He married (2) Alice or Aliah Fitch, of Montville, twin daughter of 
Daniel and Sarah (Sherwood) Fitch. She died Feb., 1812. 

Children by first wife were: 
Jonathan, born Dec. 2, 1758; died May 6, 1847. 

By second wife were: 

Lemuel, born July 10, 1762; died March 11, 1850. Married Jemima 
Lathrop, Oct. 28, 1789. 

Sarah, married Russell Leffinghall. 


Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Daniel Gardner, son of Stephen and Amy (Sherman) Gardiner, was 
born Dec. 14, 1709, in Narragansett, R. I., died 1758 in Bozrah, Conn. 
Married Bathsheba Smith, of New London, Conn. She was born 1705. 

Children : 

Bathsheba, born October 20, 1736. 

Daniel, born October 9, 1738; died May 12, 1806. 

Presreve, born January 29, 1741. 

William, born March 10, 1743. 

Stephen, born April 25, 1745. 

Anne, born September 7, 1748. 

James, born November 19, 1750. 

Sylvester, born April 19, 1753. 

Elizabeth, born July 2, 1755. 

Will recorded in Vol. 2, Page 372, book of Probate Records at 
Norwich, Connecticut. Probated March 28, 1758. Distribution made 
April 7, 1758. 


David (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

David Gardner, Jr., son of David, Sr., and Jemima (Gustin) Gard- 
ner, was born April 20, 1753. Died January 20, 1823. 

Married Dennis Holmes about 1772. She died November 14, 1801, 
aged 49 years. Married, second, Mary Lathrop, third, Olive Metcalf, 
who survived him. He was a farmer and lived near Gardiner's Lake, 

His children were born as follows: 

Amasa, born November i, 1776. 

David, born August 2, 1778. 

Azel, born August 5, 1780. 

Lucinda, born November 12, 1782. 

John, born February i, 1786. 

Anstress, born June 24, 1787. 

Erastus, born July 16, 1789. 

Artemas, born January 15, 1792. 

Salmon, born December 5, 1804. 

Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Jonathan ' Gardner, Jr., son of Jonathan and Mary (Houghton) 
Gardner, was born December 2, 1758. 

Married Jerusha Hyde Stark, only daughter of Silas and Jerusha 
(Hyde) Stark, January 22, 1783. 

The children born of them were as follows: 

Jerusha, born November 21, 1783. 

Mary, born January 10, 1786. 

Roderick, born July 20, 1788. Died January i, 1848. 


Stephen (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lydia, daughter of Stephen Gardner, was born March 20, 1727. 
Died Oct. 22, 1804. Married John Jenkins, of Gardiner's Lake, New 
London County, Connecticut. 

Their children were: 

John, born November 27, 1751; died March 19, 1827. 

Stephen, born February 22, 1753; died September 20, 1808. 

Benjamin, born July 18, 1754; died March, 1787. 

Amy, born January 12, 1757; died March 24, 1834. 

Thomas, born January 19, 1761 ; died April 22, 1812. 

William, born October 30, 1764; died November i, 1846. 

Wilkes, born July 28, 1767; died April i, 1838. 

Daniel (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Daniel Gardner, Jr., son of Daniel, Sr., and Bathsheba (Smith) 
Gardner, was born October 9, 1738; died May 12, 1806; married Eliza- 
beth Clark, of New London, Conn., July 6, 1763. She was born 1733 ; 
died July 12, 1806. They resided at Gardiner's Lake, Conn. 

Their children were: 

Daniel, born May 10, 1764-5 ; died Aug,, 1789. 

Clarke^ born March 2, 1766. 

Ebenezer, born April 17, 1768. 

Jabez, born September 2, 1770. 

Elizabeth, born August 24, 1772. 

Sylvester, born March 26, 1775. 

Charles, born March 2, 1778. 

Nicholas, born March 27, 1779; died June 21, 1814. 

A daughter, born March 27, 1779. 

His will, recorded in Vol. 10, Page 563, New London, Conn., Rec- 
ords, mentions his children and grandchildren. 

Wife Elizabeth Gardner. 

Three sons (viz) Clarke, Sylvester, Nicholas. 

Grandson Giles Gardner, eldest son of my son Daniel Gardner de- 

Grandson Daniel Gardner, son of my son Daniel Gardner, deceased. 

Grandson George Gardner, eldest son of my son Jabez, deceased. 

Jemima Gardner, daughter of my son Jabez, deceased. 

Elsa, daughter of said Jabez, deceased. 

Jabez, son of said Jabez, deceased. 

My daughter Elizabeth Gardner. 

Son Sylvester Gardner, Executor. 


Inventory taken June 6, 1806. 

HISTORY AKD genealogy. ^53 

Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lemuel, son of Jonathan and Aliah (Fitch) Gardner, was born July 
10, 1763, at Bozrah, Conn.; died July 10, 1839. He married Jemima, 
daughter of Capt. Jedediah Lathrop, Oct. 28, 1789. She was born Dec. 
31, 1767; died Mar. 11, 1850. They lived successively in Bozrah, Nor- 
wich and Montville. 

Children : 

Lorinda, born in Bozrah, Jan. 15, 1790, and married, in 1810, Levi 
Whaley, of Montville. Children : Levi Gardner, Charles Lathrop, Da- 
vid Chauncey, Theodore Dwight, Mary Anne, Jane, Maria, Sarah Ann. 

Almira, born May 27, 1792. 

Sidney, born in Bozrah, Apr. 17, 1795, and married June 23, 1823, 
Maria, daughter of Thomas Fanning, of Norwich. Children were: Sid- 
ney Alfred, Sarah Ann, Frederick Lester and Charles Htenry. 

Amelia, born in Bozrah, June 6, 1799; married in November, 1840, 
Rev. Christopher Leffingwell, a Baptist minister of "Leffingwell Town." 

Sarah, born in Norwich, May 28, 1806; died Oct. 15, 1821. Single. 

John F., born in Norwich, Nov. 5, 1808, and married Feb. 25, 1829, 
Martha Crary, of Preston. Children: Henry, Albert, Mary, Helen. 


William (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Abigail, daughter of William and Eilizabeth (Gibbs) Gardner, was 
born March 2, 1719; died January 30, 1784. 

Married Matthew Stewart, October 19, 1735. He was born October 
16, 1701, and emigrated to this countryy from Ireland and settled at New 
London, Connecticut. He died June 28, 1778. 

Their children were: 

Abigail, born Jan. 29, 1738; died Mar. 18, 1752. 

Daniel, born Aug. 22, 1739; died Sept. 22, 1740. 

Matthew, born Nov. 5, 1741 ; died Sept. 6, 1758. 

William, born Mar. 6, 1745; died July 11, 1787; married Jane Win- 
throp, of New London, Conn., a descendant of Gov. Winthrop. She died 
1798, left one child, Ann. 

Hannah, born Dec. 12, 1746; died Feb. 14, 1814. 

Anna, born Oct. 19, 1748; died Oct. 11, 1769. Unmarried. 

Daniel, born Aug. 21, 1751 ; died Mar. 24, 1752. 

Mary, born Feb. 14, 1753; died Nov. 29, 1841 ; married Joshua Starr, 
of New London, Conn. 

Walter, born June 17, 1755; died at sea 1777. Unmarried. 

Abigail, born Oct. 12, 1757; died Aug. 27, 1762. 

Frances, born Oct. 21, 1761 ; died March 8, 1854; married Major 
John Handy, oldest son of Captain Charles Handy. She was his third 

Major Handy was a merchant in Newport. He entered the revolu- 
tionary army and was promoted to the rank of Major. He died in New- 
port in 1838, aged 72 years. He read the Declaration of Independence 


to the military and people from the Court House steps in Newport in 
1776, as ordered by the Legislature, and at the semi-century celebration 
in 1836 Major Handy read it again to the military and people from the 
same place. 


John, son of , married Phebe Lathrop Dec. 13, 1780. She 

was born July i, 1762. 

Children, all born in Bozrah, were: 

John, born May 7, 1783, and married Violate, daughter of William 
and Sybil (Lathrop) Crocker. 

Rebecca, born May 31, 1785. 

James, born June 27, 1788. 

Jemima, born July 22, 1791. 

Jedidiah Lathrop, born Sept. 4, 1793. 

Phebe, born July 9, 1801. 

Uriah, born Nov. 18, 1805. 

Jonathan, Jr. (5), Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Roderick Gardner, son of Jonathan, Jr., and Jerusha Hyde (Stark) 
Gardner, was born July 20, 1788, in Bozrah, Conn. Died January i, 1849, 
and is buried near Gardiner's Lake at North End. Hie married Amy 
Miner, of Lynne, Conn., May 23, 1813. 

Their children were born as follows: 

Dyer Hyde, born February 11, 1814; died 1884 at Charleston, S. C. 

Ulysses Selden, born December 16, 1815; died 1884; married Lucy 
Abel, of Colchester. 

Adolphus Morgan, born August 10, 1817; died 1881. 

Andrew Jackson, born February 20, 1819; died 1896. 

Russell Smith, born December 16, 1820; died 1886; married Fannie 
Abel, of Norwich. 

Lucius Leander, born August 31, 1822-3; died 1892. 

Mary Miranda, born October 10, 1824; died 1898. 

Austin, born July 2, 1826. 

Anson, born May 19, 1829; died 1896. 

Albert Avery, born August 20, 1831 ; died 1878. 

Emma Elizabeth, born August 24, 1833. 

Elisha Miner, born July 13, 1836. 

Jonathan (5), Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Jerusha, daughter of Jonathan and Jerusha H. (Stark) Gardner, 

was born November 21, 1783; died ; married Col. Avery Morgan, 

of Groton, Conn., October, 1802. He was born May 20, 1781, and was 
the son of William and Lydia (Smith) Morgan. 

Their children were born as follows, the first two in Groton, the 
other five in Colchester: 



Lyman Gardner, born Dec. 31, 1803; married Elizabeth Washington 
Newton, Sept. 30, 1828. 

Lydia Smith, born Oct. 7, 1806; married Eliphalet Adams Bulkley, 
Jan., 1830. He was born June, 1804. 

Jedidiah Starr, born Sept. i, 1809; married Caroline Adams, April 
23, 1827-9. 

William Avery, born Sept. 2, 1812; died Jan. 8, ; married Diana 

Ingham, April 8, 1835. She died Dec. 2, 1850. 

Mary Gardner, born Sept. 24, 1815; married Frederick Green, May, 

Nathan Denison, born Oct. 22, 1818; married Mary B. Churchill, 
of Portland, Feb. 14, 1842. She died June, 1852. 

Henry Packer, born July, 1821 ; married Eunice Hicks, of Brook- 
lyn, April, 1850. 


Jonathan (5), Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Jonathan and Jerusha H. (Stark) Gardner, was 
born Jan. 10, 1786, in Bozrah, Conn. ; married Dr. Charles Bingham, 
May 27, 1810. He was born 1784; died 1842. 

Their children were born as follows: 

Harriet, born Mar. 6, 181 1; married Edward Miles August 2y, 1844. 

Lucius, born June 21, 1813; died April, 1814. 

Lucius C, born February 4, 181 5, at Mount Morris. 

Jerusha M., born January 14, 1819. 

Daniel (5), Daniel (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Nicholas, son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Clark) Gardner, was born 
March 2*], 1778; died June 21, 1814. He married Sarah Wright, June 21, . 
1804. She was born June 19, 1779, at Port Hadden, Conn.; died March 
I5» 1873. 

Their children were: 

Rebecca Dixon, born March 16, 1805. 

Elizabeth Clark, born Apr. 19, 1807; died 1863; married Jonathan 
Olmstead, 1837. 

Eunice Wright, born June 9, 1809; married Harvey Gillett, March 
26, 1839. 

Nicholas G., born Sept. 16, 181 1. 

Robert Dixon, married Phebe Gardner Wilkes, Sept. 5, 1839. 


Thomas (5), John (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Frederick, son of Thomas and Martha (Gardner) Gardner, was 
born Aug. 24, 1751 ; married Lucy Northup, daughter of Stephen. 
Their children were : 


Robinson, baptized March 13, 1788; died 1806. 


Abigail, baptized Jan. 7, 1790. Was first wife of Silas Gardner. 

Simeon Stuart, died 1807. 


David (5), David (4), Stephen (3), Bcnony (2), George (i). 

Azel Gardner, son of David and Dennis (Holmes) Gardner, was 
born August 5, 1780; died in Bozrah, Conn., Nbv. 14, 1868. Married 
Amy Rogers, daughter of Jehial and Amy (Vibber) Rogers, of Mont- 
ville. She died Jan. 21, 186(5. 

Children : 

Ann, born Mar. 15; married Thomas Leach. 

Cyrus, born June 25, 1815; married Lucy Swan. 

Darius, born Mar. 31, 1818; married Lucinda Butts. 

Francis, born Dec. 8, 1819; married Elizabeth Avery. 

Amy, born May 14, 1823; married Elisha M. Rogers. 

Daniel (5), Daniel (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Clarke, son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Clark) Gardner, was born 
Nov. 24, 1766; married Elizabeth Harding, daughter of Capt. Stephen 

Their children were : 

Ebenezer, born Sept., 1790. 

Mary R., 




Azel (6), David (5), David (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Cyrus Gardner, son of Azel and Amy (Rogers) Gardner, was born 
June 25, 1815; died August 25, 1895, aged 80 years and two months. 
Married Lucy Swan in 1840. 

Their children were born as follows: 

Orrin, born 1842; married Eveline Glover and lives at Gardiner's 
Lake, Conn. 

Norton, born 1844; died 1867. 

Charles, born March, 1847; married Nellie Lattimer and lives at 
Gardiner's Lake. 

Alvah Francis, born Oct. 14, 185 1 ; married Fannie Ross and lives 
at Yanti:, Conn. They have one son, Frank Norton Gardner, born Oct. 
12, 1880. 

Alvah F. Gardner was born on the old homestead and lived there 
for many years, but has retired and is living at Yantic, Conn. 

Cyrus Gardner was a farmer and lived on what is known as the 
Gardner homestead which has been owned by the family for more than 



200 years. He was very active in both religious and political matters. 
He represented his native town in the legislature in 1864, and held many 
important town offices and positions of trust. He was a trustee of the 
'Gardiner's Lake Methodist Episcopal Church for many years, which 
office he held at the time of his death. 


Jerusha Gardner (6), Jonathan (5), Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Lydia Smith Morgan, daughter of Avery and Jerusha (Gardner) 
Morgan, was born Oct. 7, 1806, at Bozrah, Conn. Married Eliphalct 
Adams Bulkeley, son of John Charles and Sally (Taintor) Bulkeley, of 
Colchester, Conn., Jan., 1830. 

The children were born as follows: 

Mary, born Oct. 21, 1833. 

Charles Edwin, born Dec. 16, 1835. 

Morgan Gardner, born Dec. 26, 1837. 

Mary Jerusha, born Sept. 2T, 1843. 

Eliphalet Adams, born Dec. 17, 1848. 

William Henry, born Mar. 2, 1849. 

Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), Sephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Ebenezer, son of Clark and Elizabeth (Harding) Gardner, was born 
Sept., 1790; married Matilda Denison Welch. She was born January, 
1793; died 1881 at Hartford, Conn. 

Their children were : 

Edward E., 

Henry Vibber, born March 24, 1817. 

Joanna Foote, 

Lester Cotton. 


Roderick (6),, Jonathan, Jr. (5), Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). . 

Austin Gardner, son of Roderick and Amy (Miner) Gardner, was 
born July 2, 1826. Married Emily Jane Baker, daughter of Marshall 
and Betsey (Noble) Baker, of Benson, Vermont, in Hamilton, North 
Carolina, June 28, 1854. 

Children were born to them as follows : 

Dwight Baker, born June 16, 1855. 

Genevieve Theresa, born February 5, 1857. 

Samuel Austin, born June 28, 1858. 

Harry David John, born April 19, i860; died November 26, 1888. 

Frederick Robertson, born July 16, 1866; died Nov. 13, 1868. 


"My first schooling, aside from the common school, was at Bacon 
Academy, Colchester, Conn., in 1844. I did not begin a collegiate edu- 
cation until 1849, at East Greenwich, Rhode Island. I am an alumnus 
of that institution, matriculating at Wesleyan University in 1852, the 
class of '56. Was married at Hamilton, North Carolina, to Emily J. 
Baker, of Benson, Vermont, June 28, 1854. Was principal of the Nor- 
mal Academy of Manchester, Conn., 1856-8, and in the fall of 1858 en- 
tered the theological institute of East Windsor Hill and graduated in 

"My first parish was West Grandville, Mass., where I was ordained 
October, i860. In 1867 was called to found the Union church at Ludlow 
Mills, six miles east of Springfield. In 1869 I was called to Canton Cen- 
ter, Conn., and January i, 1873, to West Suffield, Conn. I was then 
called to Buckingham, Conn., in 1876 and was installed pastor till 1889, 
when I was called to Warren, Conn., where I remained eight years. In 
1897 was called to Ashford, Conn., and retired to Willington in 1901, 
and am serving the church there at the present time. 

"It will be forty-six years the thirtieth of this month (October, 
1906) since my ordination. I am a life member of the A. B. C. F. M., 
the A. M. A., Seaman Friend Society, the Bible Society and am life 
director of the Congregational Missionary Society and the American 
Tract Society. 

"My life has been a busy one. I have had remarkable health and 
strength up to four score years, surely I have been under the care of an 
indulgent Providence, of whom I can only say, from the depths of my 
heart, "Blessed be His holy name forever and forever." 

The above remarkable letter came to the writer from this aged man 
of God. When we began correspondence and till we received his par- 
ental line we concluded we were corresponding with a man of middle 

We have received from this aged father much family record that 
he has supplied from memory and to understand he is past the four score 
years with the blessing of memory is remarkable. Many of the families 
we had secured the data from record and compared with what he gave us 
from memory and found him correct. We look forward to the national 
reunion when we trust he will be spared to meet with us and enjoy the 
fellowship of this large family that will gather at Newport and Narra- 


Lydia Smith Morgan (7), Jeru.yha Gardner (6), Jonathan (5), Jon- 
athan (4), Stephen (3), Bniony (2), George (i). 

Morgan Gardner Bulkeley, son of Eliphalet A. and Lydia S. (Mor- 
gan) Bulkeley, was born Dec. 26, 1837, ^^ East Haddam, Middlesex 
County, Conn. Married Francis Briggs Houghton, daughter of James 
Frank and Caroline L. Houghton, who resides at San Francisco, Cal. 

To them was born the following children: 

Morgan Gardner, Jr., born Dec. 25, 1885. 

Elenior Houghton, born April 7, 1893. 

Houghton, born August 9, 1896. 


Morgan Gardner Bulkeley, Sr., was educated in the district school 
of his native town, and in the district and high school of Hartford, Conn., 
to which city his father removed in October, 1846. Commenced a busi- 
ness life in Brooklyn, New York, 1851. In 1872 returned to Connecticut 
and located in Hartford. Has been identified with the business of the 
municipality and as a member of the Court of Common Council and as 
Mayor of the city from 1880 to 1888. Was chosen governor of the state 
of Conencticut in 1889 and held the office until 1893. In January, 1905, 
was chosen United States Senator for the six-year term, commencing 
March 4, 1905. Senator Bulkeley is connected with the following his- 
torical and Patriotic Societies: Society of the Loyal Legion, Grand 
Army of the Republic, Department Commander of Conencticut, Presi- 
dent of the Sons of the Revolution, Sons of the American Revolution, 
President of the Society of the war of 1812. 


Rfoenezer (7), Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), Stephen (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Son of Ebenezer and Matilda D. (Welch) Gardner, was born 
March 24, 1817; married Mary Foote, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, April 
19, 1846. 

Their children were : 


H'arnette Foote, 

Mary Watson. 


Austin (7), Roderick (6), Jonathan, Jr. (5), Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), 

Benony (2), George (i). 

Samuel Austin Gardner, son of Austin and Emily Jane (Baker) 
Gardner, was born June 28, 1858. Married Mary E. Fisk. 

The following children were born to them : 

Harold Irving, 

Amy L., 

Linda B. 

Harold Irving Gardner graduated at Yale in 1904, and is a Senior 
in Hartford Theological Seminary. 


Austin (7), Roderick (6), Jonathan, Jr. (5), Jonathan (4), Stephen (3), 

Benony (2), George (i). 

Harry David John Gardner, son of Austin and Emily Jane (Baker) 
Gardner, was born April 19, i860. Died November 26, 1888. Graduated 
at Williston Seminary in 1880, Amherst College in 1884, Hartford The- 
ological Seminary 1887. Was called to be a missionary with the Zulu 


mission as the strategic point. He was to have married Miss Mary J. 
H'ills and to go to South Africa eariy in 1889, but was seized with appen- 
dicitis and died, after an illness of only three days, at the age of twenty- 
eight, and is buried in Buckingham, Connecticut, where his father was 
pastor about fourteen years. He was a fine singer, organist and preacher 
and beloved by all who knew him. 

Rev. William Gardner, Rio, Wis., says of him : 

"Of Harry Gardner's college life it seems scarcely necessary to say 
anything to his classmates. Chosen captain of our class, nine at our 
first class meeting, he was prominent in athletics all through his course, 
playing in nearly every position on the college nine with an enthusiasm 
and success which made him a general favorite, while his manly, 
straightforward disposition won the sincere respect of all who knew 

His name, which combined the names of his father's seminary 
class-mates, commemorated the fact that he was seminary class boy. 
He prepared for college at Williston Seminary and in the fall of 1884 
entered Hartford Theological Seminary where he grew rapidly in power 
of thought and expression. 1 wish some one had waked me up four 
years ago,' he said in a letter written at the close of his first year there. 

In college he was very diffident when speaking in public, but he be- 
came a ready and forcible speaker whose words carried weight because 
of the whole souled earnestness and honesty of the man behind them. 

He was engaged to Miss Mary J. Hills and expected to be married 
in December, and to sail with her in January to his chosen field of work 
— a place where no one else wanted to go — Natal, Africa. 

While making the final preparations for marriage and departure, 
he was attacked by perityphlitis, which developed into peritonitis, and 
caused his death on the fourth day of his illness, at the home of his 
parents. Rev. Austin and Emily J. Gardner." 


Henry Vibbcr (8), Ebcnczcr (7), Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), 
Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Henry Gardner was born January 23, 1849. Died August 
8, 1896. Married, first, Annie Parker, of Pittsburg, Pa. She died in 
1881. Second, Margaret Morrison Jackson, daughter of William Ben- 
net and Elizabeth (Blake) Jackson, of Utica, N. Y., April 26, 1887. 

Children by first wife were: 

Irvine Parker, born January 2, 1875, ^^ Fayetteville, N. Y. 

William Thaw, born April 23, 1877, at Fayetteville, N. Y. 

Charles Henry, born Dec. 20, 1879, at Utica, N. Y. 

Children by second wife were : 

Arthur, born Feb. 21, 1888. 

Anson Blake, born Aug. 19, 1890. 

Edward Summers, born Oct., 1894. 

Charles Henry Gardner was born at Long Hill, Conn. Was a 
member of the class of 1870 at Trinity College, Hartford, Conn. B. D. 
Neshota, Wis. Trinity Church, Clayville, was his first parish. 



After his first marriage he resided in Fayetteville, where he was in 
charge of Trinity church. 

His first wife died in Utica, N. Y., where Mr. Gardner was rector 
of Trinity Parish for nine years. In the Fall of 1886 he accepted the 
charge of Trinity Cathedral, Omaha, Nieb., and was Dean there until his 

His three younger sons were born in Omaha, Neb., and all his sons 
are living, the three older being in business in the west; Irvine and 
Charles at White Earth, Minn.; William T. at Ashland, Wis. The 
younger sons reside with their mother in Washington, D. C. 


Henry Vibbcr (8), Ebcnezer (7), Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), 
Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Married Dr. Charles Hart of Bethel, Conn. 
They have several children. 


Henry Vibber (8), Ebenezer (7), Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), 
Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Unmarried. Resides at Brockport, N. Y. 


Henry Vibber (8), Ebenezer (7), Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), 
Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Married Nellie . He is not living. He resided at East Aurora, 

N. Y. 

They had several children. 


Henry Vibber (8), Ebenezer (7), Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), 
Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Married Thomas Dobson of Brockport, N. Y. 
They have two sons and one daughter. 


Henry Vibber (8), Ebenezer (7), Clarke (6), Daniel (5), Daniel (4), 
Stephen (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Married Jessie Lewis of Lowville, N. Y. He was a student at Fay- 
etteville, N. Y., at Hobart College, Geneva, N. Y., and at Berkley Divin- 
ity School, Middletown, Conn. ; and a clergyman of the Protestant Epis- 


copal church at Utica, N. Y., and at St. Joseph, Mo., where he died 
about 1892. 

He left no children. 

Henry Vibber Gardner (8), father of the foregoing, was a clergy- 
man at Elizabeth, N. J. 

His wife was Miss Mary Foote of Elizabeth, N. J. 


Benjamin B., son of William Benjamin and Mary Ball (Billings) 
Gardner, was born May 25, 1865, at New London, Conn. He married 
Mary Rogers, daughter of James Strickland Rogers, of New London. 

Child : 

Charles Benjamin Gardner, born Sept. 8, 1890, in New London, 


Rufus Gardner was born in Newport, R. I., 1747, and died in 1809, 
in New London, Conn. He was Captain of a sloop which plied between 
New York and New London for years, carrying freight and passengers, 
from the close of the Revolutionary wiar until his death. He was an 
old sailor during the Revoution. He was a mason, the emblem of that 
fraternity appearing on his grave stone in Cedar Grove cemetery. He 
married Lydia Harris, who was born in New London, and came of an 
old family. 

Children : 

Christopher, died young. 

Rufus, died young. 

Mercy, married a Mr. Williams of New York. 

Lydia, married Robert Buttles of New York. 


Lucy, married James McKibben, a New York broker. 

Douglas W. 

Harriet, married a Mr. Burke of New York. 

Champlin, married a Miss Packer. 


Henry Gardner, son of Rufus and Lydia (Harris) Gardner, was 
born February 21, 1798, on Ocean Ave., New London. Died August 20, 
1863, at Waterford, Conn. He kept store and tavern in Waterford at 
the corner of Old Lyme Road and the road to Jordan village. He was 
post master for more than thirty years from Jackson's administration to 
the time of Lincoln, being first appointed by President Jackson as a 
staunch Jacksonian Democrat. He was a radical politician, and a leader 
in the local ranks of the people. He was an intelligent man, well quali- 
fied and had a great memory. He compromised on the slave question 
because he was opposed to the Rebellion. 

He was a man of determined disposition and could be stern at 
times, though he was of a genial temperament. He was a very honora- 
ble man, scrupulous to a degree in financial matters, and set a fine ex- 
ample to his family and associates. He was a good christian, a devout 


member of the Baptist church and always had evening prayers in his 
home. He married (i) in 1824 Mary Miner, daughter of Stephen Miner 
of Waterford, who was a Revolutionary pensioner. She died in the fall 
of 1839. 

Children : 

Mary Miner, married John Powers of Black Point, East Lyme, 
and died there. 

Henry, Jr., married Matilda Clark of East Lyme and lived and died 
in that place. He was a fisherman by occupation. 

Lucy Wheeler, married Lyman Clark, a fisherman of Niantic and 
IS living in Middletown with her daughter. 

Christopher, was a sailor and died at Snug Harbor. 

Andrew Jackson, was a carpenter, died 1864, married Mary E. 
Manwaring of East Lyijie. 

Thomas W., living in New London, Conn. Married widow of 
Andrew Jackson, his brother. 

On March i, 1840, Henry Gardner married (2) Wealthy Ann 
Powers, who died February 22, 1893, aged sixty-nine years. She was 
a daughter of Joshua and Wealthy Ann (Morgan) Powers and a descen- 
dant of Richard Rose Morgan who settled in what is known as the 
Gilead district of the town of Waterford, and was granddaughter of 
Samuel Powers who came from Waterford, Iowa, and married Zirah 
Rogers, daughter of James Rogers who was among the first settlers of 
that place. Samuel Powers settled at Black Point, being one of the 
first settlers of New London. To Henry and Wealthy Ann (Powers) 
Gardner was born the following children : 

Washington R. 

James Morgan, born Oct. 5, 1845, is a physician and public speaker, 
is engaged in teaching English in European Countries. He is an accom- 
plished linquist, speaking English, Italian, Spanish, French and German, 
and accompanies parties as Doctor and interpreter. He married Flora 
Rogers, daughter of George F. Rogers of Fulton Market, N. Y. One 
child : Violet, who married Robert Kissick of Westerly, R. I. He died 
1904, leaving one son : Robert Gardner Kissick. Mrs. Kissick married 
(2) Dr. Thomas Edward Robinson of Westerly, R. I. 

Wealthy Ann, born Jan., 1848; married William Davis of Noank 
and is living at West Mystic, Conn. No children. 

Lydia Elizabeth, born 1850; married George W. Hewitt, of Water- 

Harriet Burke, born 1852 ; married Fitch S. Comstock, died same 
year of marriage. 

Ella, born 1855 ; became the (2) wife of Fitch S. Comstock. Chil- 
dren ; Carrie Comstock, married Dr. George Culver, of Jersey City, 
where they live. Ira Comstock lives with his parents. 

Carrie, died young. 


Washington R., son of Henry and Wealthy Ann (Powers) Gardner 
was born in Waterford in a house which stood at the forks of the Lyme 
Turnpike and the Jordan Road. He received his early schooling in 
Waterford, and later attended Bartlet Grammar school in New London, 


taught by Professor Jennings, leaving same at the age of seventeen years 
he took up the carpenter trade under John L. Beckwith, of Elast Lyme, 
remaining with him about one year. Living in New London, he was 
with Bishop Bros., manufacturers of sash, blinds, etc., for three years 
was subsequently in New Haven and had charge of the window frame 
department of Hatch and Norton for six years. In the fall of 1869 he 
located on the farm known as the Chapel homestead, the birthplace 
of his wife, comprising 60 acres, and has there carried on general farm- 
ing together with plying his trade as contractor and builder, in which 
he has met with substantial success. 

Mr. Gardner has been a factor in the administration of public 
affairs for a number of years. He has served for several years on the 
Board of relief in his town, and has been chairman of the Board of 
Assessors for the past eight years. 

In 1883 he was representative in the General Assembly of the State 
from Waterford and served as a member on Humane Institutions and 
again represented his town in 1884 when he served as a member of the 
Finance Committee, and is now the Democratic candidate for State 
Senator in the twentieth Senatorial District. His political connection 
is with the Democratic party. 

Fraternally he is a member of Union Lodge No. 31, F. & A. M., 
of New London ; Pequot Lodge, I. O. O. F., of New London. In relig- 
ious connection he is a member of the First Baptist Church of Waterford 
with which his wife also united. 

Mr. (jardner was married Nov. 26, 1863, to Mary Adelaide Chappell, 
daughter of Rev. Gurdon T. Chappell. Three children : 

Harry Chappell, born Nov. 5, 1869; died aged 18 years with typhoid. 

James Isham, born Aug. 22, 1875, in Waterford, attended the Na- 
than Hale Grammar school of New London, The Hopkins Grammar 
school of New Haven, and the Hill House High school of New Haven, 
which latter place he graduated in 1898. 

He is book-keeper for C. D. Boss & Son, New London, Conn. He 
married Earnestine Miller Goddard of New London, Conn., formerly 
teacher in the Robert Bartlctt School. 

Strong Griswold, born June 28, 1879, at Waterford. Attended the 
Nathan Hale Grammar School at New London, The Hill House High 
school in New Haven .and the Bulkeley High School at New London, 
graduating from the latter in i8(}9. He is a commercial agent and trav- 
eling salesman for Austin Nichols & Co., New York City. He married 
Edith Rosamond Kenyon of Waterford, Conn. 


William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sylvester Gardiner, seventh, and youngest child of William and 
Abigail (Remington) Gardner, was born June 29, 1708. He married 
Ann Gibbons of Boston, September 20-December 11, 1732. 

Their children were born as follows: 

William, born June 13, 1736; died without issue. 

John, born December 4, 1737. 

James, born September 9, 1739. 

Ann, born April 21, 1741. 

Hannah, born July 18, 1743. 



Dr. Gardiner married, second, Love Epps, of Salem, Mass. She 
died and he married, third, Catherin Goldthwait, who survived him and 
married a Mr. Powell. He had no children by his last two wives. 

Sylvester Gardiner, son of William Gardiner, known as "William 
of Narragansett," was born on the farm next south of the Ferry estate. 

His health was feeble and his constitution slender. His father was 
apprehensive that his system was not sufficiently robust to constitute 
him an efficient farmer. Upon the expression of these apprehensions, 
his son-in-law, Doctor McSparren, suggested the propriety of educating 
this son for some professional pursuit and that the expenses of obtaining 
such an education should be deducted from the portion of the estate in- 
tended for him. He promised that if his father-in-law would permit 
him to have the direction of the education of the son upon these terms, 
he would make him more of a man than all of the rest of the family. 

The father replied "take him." Doctor McSparren then placed him 
in Boston to complete his primary education, and subsequently directed 
his attention to the study of medicine. He was then sent to England 
and France, where he empoyed the best advantages for eight years. 

Once upon the Continent the mind of the student imbued with the 
firm principles of his brother-in-law, received a shock in the licentious- 
ness of the Parisian customs. His sojourn in France was during the 
minority of Louis XV., when the agitator of the South Sea Bubble and 
the shameless profligacy of the nobles were sowing the seeds of the 
terrible revolution. The striking piety and good sense of the youth car- 
ried him in safety through all the dangers to which he was exposed, 
and he returned to America with a degree of professional knowledge 
unexampled at that period. 

He not only practiced successfully but promoted the knowledge of 
the healing art, by reading lectures, illustrated by anatomical prepara- 
tions. H'e was among the most distinguished of his profession in the 
day in which he lived. 




By his professional success and by the means of a large establish- 
ment for the importation and sale of drugs he accumulated an immense 
estate and purchased large tracts of land in Maine. 

As long ago as 1640, the land, including what is now the city of 
Gardiner, Maine, and extending "from the Cobbossee contee River to the 
Western Ocean, fifteen miles on either side of the Kennebec," had been 
granted by Governor William Bradford to "the freeman of the Colony 
of New Plymouth." 

This Company made various attempts to settle the Country, which 
proved failures for several reasons; among which were the severity of 
the climate, the number of hostile Indians, and the company's monopoly 
of trade and fishing, at a time when monopolies were particularly dis- 
tasteful to England where they were giving way to freer systems. 

For nearly a century the land in that vicinity only occasionally 
leased, and then under restrictions, was held mainly as a hunting and 
fishing ground. In accordance with the progress of the Nation, an in- 
crease of settlers was deemed desirable, and in 1749, a corporation was 
formed under the name of the "Plymouth Company," consisting of nine 
proprietors who immediately set about the improvement of the "Kten- 
nebec Purchase." The company, for the most part, was made up of 
staunch adherents to the English Crown, who at once chose Dr. Gardi- 
ner perpetual moderator of their meetings, and committed to him, trust 
calling for the most judicial management Still there was no great 
influx of settlers, and in 1754 Dr. Gardiner determined to take more 
energetic measures. He obtained a grant of land embracing Gardiner 
and Pittston, though its limits were not included in these towns. He 
had selected the situation with a practical eye, because of the facility 
for mills afforded by the waters of the Cobbossee. Already a large 
sloop which he had built,, was running from Boston to the Kennebec ; 
and before long, he had cleared a farm of four hundred acres in Gardi- 
nerstown, as Gardiner was then called, and had erected upon it a suita- 
ble dwelling-house, in which lived his son William, charged with the 
care of the estate. 

Even then it was not easy to procure settlers, especially so as the 
tide of immigrants from England had been checked with her war with 
France. But Dr. Gardiner spared no efforts in this direction and grad- 
ually increased the size of the little colony at great expense and trouble 
to himself. 

In other localities he encouraged the foreign element ; Dresden, for 
instance, being colonized by Germans and Irish ; but it seemed to have 
fallen to the lot of Gardinerstown to attract for the most part, an Eng- 
lish speaking population. Of all his vast estate in Maine, which was 
even then valued at $150,000, and which included much of Dresden, 
Pittston, Chelsea, Augusta, Hallowell, Norridgewock and Winslow, 
Dr. Gardiner showed an especial preference for the growing town that 
bore his name; and though the money he srpent to aid the settlers was 
often a total loss to him, he was unwearied in his efforts for their com- 
fort and encouragement. So energetic was he that before 1772 he 
had built in (iardinerstown two saw-mills, a grist mill, a fulling mill, 
a i)otash manufactory, a wharf, and many houses and stores. 

When we consider the difficulty to travel in the early days, those 
achievements seem little less than wonderful. If the great water-way 



of the Kennebec was closed, since there was no carriage roads, then 
the owner's visits to his estate must have led him through narrow wood- 
land paths or over the frozen surface of the river, often heavy with 
drifting snow, and beset with dangers from wild beasts and savage 
Indians. It was in the eighteenth century that Madam Sarah Knight, 
the school teacher of Benjamin Frankliil, had journeyed along the more 
perilous route from Boston to New York; and this feat, hitherto un- 
equaled by woman, had given her lasting fame. So wonderful indeed 
did her trip appear, that upon her return the worthy dame wrote an 
account of her hardships and thrilling adventures, and farther chronicled 
her deliverance with a diamond upon her school room window: — 

"Through many toils and many frights 
I have returned, poor Sarah Knights. 
Over great rocks and many stones 
God has preserved from fractured bones." 

As late as 1750 "Chairs" were among the favorite conveyances in 
towns and cities, though the women still rode much upon horseback, 
and here and there appeared the clumsy calash, or the heavy square- 
typed chaise. 

In 1755 we find recorded a great event in the history of Maine: — 
"Judge Paine passed through Wilk in a chaise, and all the village 
thronged to Kimball's tavern to see it.' 

In the Revolution Dr. Gardiner adhered to the royal cause and 
when the enemy evacuated Boston he went to Nova Scotia and finally 
went to England, and his great estate was confiscated and sold, embrac- 
ing nearly one hundred thousand acres in Maine. 

In a letter to Mr., afterward Governor, Bowdoin, dated Poole, Eng., 
April TO, 1783, he says: "There is now an entire change in our ministry 
which you will hear of before this reaches you and with them most 
likely a change of political measures. God grant us all grace to put an 
end to this devouring war, so contrary to our most holy religion ; and 
unite us all once more in that bond of peace and brotherly union so 
necessary to the happiness of both countries, which God grant may soon 
take place, and give us all an opportunity once more to greet one an- 
other as friends." 

Upon the conclusion of peace he returned to this country and re- 
sided at Newport in his native state, where he took a house and resumed 
the practice of physics and surgery, which he followed until his death, 
which took place after a short illness August 8, 1786, in the eightieth 
year of his age. 

The colors of the shipping in the harbor were displayed half mast 
and every other mark of respect shown by the inhabitants on the mourn- 
ful occasion. 

Dr. Gardiner was a munificent patron of the church and contributed 
ten acres of land for a glebe (parsonage) at Gardiner, in Maine, and 
twenty-eight pounds sterling for the minister, forever, which has been 
the partial means of sustaining a respectable church in that state. 


Sylvester (4)^ William (3), Bcnony (2), George (i). 

John, son of Dr. Sylvester and Ann (Gibbons) Gardner, was born 
1731, died 1793. Married Margaret Harries, of Haverfordwest, Wales. 

Children : 

John Sylvester John, born 1765, died 1830. 



John Gardner was sent to England to complete his education ; 
studied law at the Inner Temple, and was admitted to practice in the 
Courts of Westminster Hall. He was an intimate associate at this time 
with Churchill, the poet, and John Wilks, the reformer. He practiced 
a short time in the Welsh circuit and married a Miss Margaret Harries, 
of a respectable family of South Wales; but being impatient to get a 
lucrative practice, he procured the appointment of Attorney General of 
the Island of St. Christopher in the West Indies, where he removed 
with his family about the year 1765. He practiced law with great suc- 
cess at St. Christopher and the Island of Jamaica until the termination 
of the American Revolution by the peace of 1783 when he removed to 
his native town. 

He removed in 1786 to an estate left by his father at Powalborough, 
in the district of Maine, where he practiced law and whence he was sent 
as representative to the Massachusetts legislature from the year 1789 
till his death, which happened by the loss of a packet in which he took 
passage for Boston for the purpose of attending the General Court in 


He was a thorough republican and violent whig in politics ; and in 
religion was a Unitarian, in consequence of which he took a leading 
part in the alteration of the liturgy of Kings Chapel, Boston, and other 
changes by which that church became a Unitarian Congregational So- 

From a dislike of his principles, both in politics and religion, his 
father by his will settled the greater portion of his estate upon his 
sister's son, Robert Hallowell, who afterward took the name of Robert 
Hallowell Gardner. 

The forfeited property in Maine of Dr. Sylvester Gardner was 
chiefly recovered by his heirs, in consequence of some informality in 
the legal process of the Attorney General. 


Dr. Sylvester (4), Willianx (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Ann, daughter of Sylvester and Ann (Gibbons) Gardner, was born 
April 21, 1741 ; died 1807. Married early in life Arthur Brown, son of 
the powerful Irish Earl of Altamont. The Episcopal Church erected 
at Gardinerstown, Maine, was named St. Ann, for this daughter. 

She was a famous beauty and was painted by Copley in the guise of 
the huntress Diana. 

Children : 


John Brown, died 1814. Married, 1784, Rosa Mary, daughter of 
Admiral Sir Richard Hughes. Children: Arthur of Newton, Roscom- 
mon, Ireland, born 1786, died 1870. 

George Townsend. 

Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Hannah Gardner, daughter of Sylvester and Ann (Gibbons) Gard- 
ner, was born July 18, 1743-4; died 1796. Married Robert Hallowell, 
of Boston, 1771. He was born 1739; died 1818. 

Children were: 

Hannah, born 1773; died 1796. 

Nancy, born 1774; died 1775. 

Anna, born 1776; died 1800. 

Rebecca, born 1777; died 1779. 

Robert, born 1782; died 1864. His name was changed to Robert 
Hallowell Gardner after he reached his estate. 

Robert Hallowell was Collector of Customs in the port of Boston 
at the time of his marriage to Hannah Gardner. He was of a fine Eng- 
lish family, and as evidenced by his epitaph in the graveyard of Christ 
Church, **a man of firm integrity, distinguished courtesy, and strong 
affection." He was the father of Maine's beloved "Squire Gardner." 


Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Abigail Gardner, daughter of Sylvester and Ann (Gibbons) Gard- 
ner, married Oliver Whipple, of Cumberland, Rhode Island, afterwards 
of Portsmouth, R. I. 

Their children were: 

Sylvester Gardner, unmarried. 

Hannah B., married Hon. Frederic Allen, a noted poet and geolo- 
gist. Children: Charles, Eldward, Hannah, Eleanor Ann, married 

Martin Gay, M. D., of Boston; Margaret, married Elton; Augustus, 


Abigail (Gardner) Whipple was a woman of most exalted charac- 
ter. She gave proof of her deep piety in a solemn written covenant, still 
preserved, in which she dedicated herself unchangeably to God. This 
covenant she renewed in writing from time to time; and, for this pur- 
pose, was raised by her attendants to a sitting posture upon her death- 
bed, where she traced the few falterinf lines of a completed vow. 


Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Rebecca, daughter of Dr. Sylvester and Ann (Gibbons) Gardner, 
married, 1763, Philip Dumaresq, of Boston, who traced his lineage from 
nobles of the Isle of Jersey. He was born 1738. 


Their children were : 

James, born 1771 ; died 1826. Drowned in the Kennebec river. 
Philip, born 1772; died 1806. No children. 
Francis, M. D., of Jamaica, W. I. Had descendants. 
Sylvester, died young. 

Anne, married (i) John Ferguson of Ayrshire, Scotland, (2) Charles 







John (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John Sylvester John, son of John and Margaret (Harries) Gardner, 
married, 1794, Mary Howard, of Augusta. She died at Newport, R. I., 
Sept. 16, aged 74. 

Children: • 

William Howard, born 1797, died 1882. 

Mary Louisa, 

Elizabeth, unmarried. 

John Sylvester John Gardner was rector of Trinity Church, Boston, 
from 1805 till his death, which occurred July 29, 1830. 

He was an eloquent Divine and was highly esteemed by society 
for his talents and virtue. He wrote the English language with great 
purity and elegance and was not without a happy talent for poetry. 

The following from Channing's "Early Recollections of Newport: 

"The peculiar salubrity of the climate of Niewport attracted a large 
number of clergymen from various quarters during the summer months. 
The fact that many intelligent Southerners made it their home, drew 
attention to its charms ; and even then were quite noticeable the hand- 
some carriages and gay horses which they kept. 

Among the ministers I frequently listened to was Dr. Gardner and 
others. The arrival of the gentleman from tiiiie to time caused a great 
stir in the town, and the churches, for the time being, were thronged 
by those who seldom attended church, except to hear "some new thing." 

Dr. Gardner, of Trinity Church, Boston, was wonderfully presenta- 
ble, — of good figure and expressive countenance. He had one peculiar 
habit, — that of carrying an umbrella, however fair the weather. 

His mode of reading was admirable. A gift to which no other 
clergyman during his day could lay claim." 


John (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2). George (i). 

Ann Gardner, daughter of John and Margaret (Harries) Gardner, 
married James N. Lithgow. 
Children : 



Alfred, unmarried. 
Llewellyn, unmarried. 
Louisa, married Mr. Williams. 


John (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William Gardner, son of John and Margaret (Harries) Gardner, 
married Sarah, daughter of Richard Allen of Boston. 

Children : 

Margaret Harries, married Thomas Nelson of Castine. One child, 
Margaret Patterson. Married Rev. Thomas Fales. 

George, married Caroline Tallman of Bath. One child: William, 

Mary Anne, born 1812. Married Isaac Elder of Portland. One 
child, Mary Anne Osgood. 


Rebecca Gardner (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

James, son of Philip and Rebecca (Gardner) Dumarseq, married, 
1797, Sarah Farwell, daughter of Ebenezer Farwell, of Vassalboro, 

Children were: 

Philip, of Swan Island, born 1804; died 1863; married, 1836, Mar- 
garetta, daughter of Francis DeBlois of Boston. 

Jane Francis Rebecca. 

Louisa, married John Rice. No children. 


Hannah Gardner (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Robert H., son of Robert and Hannah (Gardner) Hallowell, was 
born 1782; died 1864. After reaching his estate he took the name of 
Gardner. Married Emma Jane Tudor of Boston, Mass., 1805. She was 
born 1785; died 1865. 

Children were: 

Emma Jane, born 1806; died 1845. Unmarried. 

Anne Hallowell. born 1807; died 1876. 

Robert Hallowell, born 1809; died 1886; married Sarah Fenwick 
Jones. She was born 1814; died 1869. No children. 

Delia Tudor, born 1812; died 1836; married George Jones. No 

Lucy Vaughn, born 1814; died 1847. Unmarried. 

John William Tudor, born 1817; died 1879. 

Henrietta, born 1820; died 1880; married, 1846, Richard Sullivan. 

Frederic, born 1822; died 1889. 

Eleanor Harriet. 



JcAn Sylvester John (6), John (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2)^ George (i). 

William Howard, son of John Sylvester John and Mary (Howard) 
Gardner, married, 1823, Caroline Perkins, she died 1867. She was the 
daughter of Handasyde Perkins of Boston. 

Children : 

William Prescott, born 1824; died i860. 

Edward, born 1825, died 1859. Married Sophia Mifflin, Philadel- 
phia. Children: William Howard, Eugenia, Edward Gardner, Eliza- 
beth, Maud. 

Mary Cary, born 1827, died 1863. Married 1856, William Nye Jar- 
vis of Boston. 

John Sylvester, born 1830; died 1856. Unmarried. 

Caroline Louisa, born 1832; died 1888. Unmarried. 

Charles Perkins, born 1836. Married 1864, Emma Fields Glidden. 
Child: Mary Caroline, born 1867. Married 1887, William Robinson 
Cabot. One child, Mary Geraldine, born 1892. ' 


John Sylvester John (6), John (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary Louisa Gardner, daughter of John Sylvester John and Mary 
(Howard) Gardner, married John Gushing of Boston. 

Children : 

John Gardner, married Susan Dexter. Children : John and Alice. 

Thomas Forbes, married. Child : Edith. 

Robert Maynard, married. Children: Grafton Dulany, Mary Lou- 
isa, Howard Gardner, Olivia. 


Mary Louisa, married Edward Boit. Children: Edward D. died 
young. John, died young. Florence, Jane Hubbard, Mary Louisa, Julia 


Robert H. (6), Hannah (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), WilUam (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Frederick, son of Robert H. and Emma J. (Tudor) Gardner, mar- 
ried Caroline Vaughn, daughter of William of Hallowell, Me. 

Children were: 

Emma Jane, married, 1872, Rev. Henry Ferguson of Stamford, 
Conn. Children were: Samuel, Eleanor Margaret, Henry Gardiner, 
Charles Vaughn. 

William Tudor, born 1850; died 1863. 


Frederic, married 1886, Sallie Merrick, of Germantown, Penn. Chil- 
dren : Frederic Merrick, William Henry, Francis Vaughn. . . 
Alfred, born 1862; died 1879. 


Robert H. (6), Hannah (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Anne H., daughter of Robert H. and Emma J. (Tudor) Gardner, 
married, 1832, Francis Richards. He was born 1805; died 1858. 

Children were: 

Francis Gardner, born 1833; died 1884; married Anne Ashburner, 
daughter of Samuel of London. Children : Francis Ashburner, Anne 

George, born 1837; died 1837. 

George Henry. 

Sarah, born 1840; died 1855. 

John Tudor, married Cora Howard. Children: Amy, Madelene, 
Dorothy, Ruth. 

Robert Hallowell, married Ellen Swallow. 

Henry, married Laura Elizabeth Howe, daughter of Dr. Samuel G. 
Howe. Children: Alice Maud, Rosalind, Henry Howe, Julia Ward, 
Muad, born 1881 ; died 1882, John, Laura Elizabeth. 


Robert H. (6), Hannah (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

John W. T., son of Robert H. and Emma J. (Tudor) Gardner, mar- 
ried, 1854, Anne Elizabeth (Hays) West, daughter of John Hays of 
Carlisle, Penn. 

Children were: 

Robert Hallowell. 


Anna Hays, born 1859; died i860. 

Francis Richards, born i860; died 1880. 

John Hays, John Tudor, twins. 


James (6), Rebecca Gardner (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Jane F. R., daughter of James and Sarah (Farwell) Dumaresq, mar- 
ried Thomas Handasyde Perkins of Boston. 

Children were : 

Thomas Handasyde, married Elizabeth Jones Chadwick. Children : 
Jesse Grant, Mary. 

. 174 GARDNER 

Augustus Thorndike, died 1891 ; married Susan Hammond Tim- 
mins. Children: Henry Dumaresq, Elizabeth Greene, Winifred Scott 

Phillip Duramesq. 

Francis Codman, born 1830, died 1842. 

I-ouisa Dumaresq, married William Morris Hunt. Children: Mor- 
ris, Elleanor, Enid Dumaresq, Mabel, Paul. 


James (6), Rebecca Gardner (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Phillip Dumaresq, son of James and Sarah (Farwell) Dumaresq, 
married Margaret, daughter of Francis DeBlois, of Boston. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Phillip Ktarney, married Sophia Hurlbert. Children: Philip, So- 
phia, Lillian, Margaretta, Coletta. 

James Saumerez, 




Frances Perkins, born 1840; died 1855. 

Florence Saumerez, married, 1864, George Wheatland. Children: 
Philip Dumaresq, married Alice Ellerton. Ptatt, Florence Dumaresq, 
married Jacob Crownshield. 





Robert H. (6), Hannah (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Frederic Gardner, youngest son of Robert Hallowell and Emma 
Jane (Tudor) Gardiner, was born at Oaklands, Gardiner, Maine, Sep- 
tember, 1822. Died July, 1889. Married Caroline Vaughan, daughter of 
Oliver Vaughan of Hallowell, Maine, 1846. She was born July, 1825. 
Died January, 1906. 

Children were : 

Emma Jane, born October, 1847. 

William Tudor, born April, 1858; died 1863. 

Frederic, born April, 1858. 

Henrietta, born Feb., i860. 

Alfred, born April, 1862. 


Frederic (7), Robert H. (6), Hannah (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), WU- 
liam (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Emma Jane Gardiner, daughter of Frederic and Caroline (Vaughan^ 
Gardiner, was born October, 1847. Married to Rev. Henry Ferguson. 
M. A. LL. D. 



Born April, 1847. Priest in the Episcopal Church. Professor in 
Trinity College and lately Rector in St. Paul's school, Concord, N. H. 

He was son of John Ferguson. 

Children : 

Samuel, born Nov., 1874, B. S. M. A. Electrical Engineer. Present 
address General Electrical Works, Schenectady, N. Y. 

Eleanor Margaret, born June, 1876. Sculptor. Graduate of the 
Students' Art League of New York. 

Henry, born June, 1882. M. A. (Harvard), Geological Engineer. 
Present address, Cleveland Cliff Iron Works, Ishpeming, Mich. 

Charles Vaughan, born August, 1885. Student at Trinity College. 


Frederic (7), Robert H. (6), Hannah (5), Dr. Sylvester (4), Wil- 
liam (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Frederic Gardiner, son of Frederic and Caroline (Vaughan) Gardner, 
was born April, 1858. Married Sally Merrick, September, 1885. She 
was born September, 1859. Daughter of William Henry Merrick. Mr. 
Gardiner ordained Presbyter in the Episcopal Church, Head Master of 

Children are: 

Frederic Merrick, born June, 1887. 

William Henry, born May, 1889. 

Frances Vaughan, born September, 1892. 


John W. T. (7), Robert H. (6), Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Robert H., son of John W. T. and Ann E. (Hays, West) Gardiner, 
married Alice, daughter of Edward Bangs, of Boston. 

Children were: 

Robert Hallowell, 


Sylvester, born 1889; died 1889. 

Anna Lowell, 

William Tudor. 

Robert H. Gardiner is one of the very modest members of this fam- 
ily. In our correspondence with him early in the work we were not 
aware it was he to whom we were writing until apprised of the fact by 
another member of the family. 

We will reproduce a part of Mr. Gardiner's address at the Phila- 
delphia Convention on accepting the office of President of the Brother- 
hood of Saint Andrew, as well as the press notices of his parentage and 

"You have done me, through your counsel, a very great honor in 
electing me your President ; and I thank you for it most warmly, and I 
assure you that with all my strength of heart and mind and soul I wiU 
try to show you that I appreciate it and to be a leader worthy of our 


great Brotherhood army. For who could ask a nobler opportunity tlian 
to be the chosen leader of ten thousand men and boys, consecrated by 
daily converse with God our Father, source of our life of body, mind 
and soul, to the splendid effort to bring men nearer to Christ through 
His Church? 

For my part I would rather be President of this Brotherhood than 
have any other office in the gift of man. For with all our weakness, all 
our errors, all our failures, we are seeking to lay the only foundation on 
which peace and righteousness, justice and morality ever have stood, or 
ever can stand, permanently. No honor can be done to a man greater 
than to give him an opportunity for a useful service to the world, and 
the highest office is but the greatest opportunity for such service. 

The most earnest eflforts of a statesman and the philanthropist will 
come to naught unless the Nation and the individual rest firmly on the 
Rock of Ages — the only general and enduring foundation for national 
or individual peace, prosperity and righteousness. You and I have 
chosen for the underlying and controlling motives of our lives the noble 
effort to bring all men to a personal allegiance to the King of Kings, 
that so, by the obedience of all men everywhere to His laws. His King- 
dom may be established here and now upon this earth, and his world 
made what He means it to be." 

I. By Rt. Rev. Robert Codman, D. D., Bishop of Maine. 

Since Mr. Robert H. Gardiner has been elected President of the 
Brotherhood of St. Andrew several interesting biographical sketches 
have appeared in the Chur:h papers, giving the facts of his life and an- 
cestry. We find him descended from a whole line of New England men, 
*'furious and clamorous for the Church." We learn that he has been 
brought up in the atmosphere of Boston and Harvard University. We 
see that he is constantly filling positions of trust and responsibility in 
the Church, and of late years, though a practicing lawyer in Boston, 
he has taken up his legal residence in Gardiner, Maine, that he might 
identify himself with and carry on the great Church interests there 
which were the life's work of his uncle, grandfather and great grand- 
father. As they were, so is he now. Warden of Christ Church, Gardiner, 
member of the Standing Committee of Maine and delegate to both 
Diocesan and General Conventions. Though a prominent trustee with 
immense business interests in Boston, he is an active member of the 
Board of Missions in Maine, Chairman of the College Committee of the 
Brotherhood, Treasurer of the Christian Social Union and interested in 
every organized effort for Christian progress. 

These facts show the character of the man. Filled with an all-ab- 
sorbing desire to be useful to other men and make this world better be- 
cause he has lived in it, he has fully pensuaded himself that the power, 
the real lasting power for good, lies in Jesus Christ and in the work of 
His Church. Through this faith he has learned to know and to love 
Christ with that personal devotion which enables a man to sacrifice 
all he can in the Master's service. Hence his qualification and enthus- 
iasm as a Brotherhood man. With a gentle humility because he knows 
he is working, not in his own, but in his Master's strength, he has a 



wonderful persistency in pursuing his ends. Thus firm, cheerful and 
always with a pleasant smile he wins his point in the end in spite of all 
obstacles. He can take advice and weigh it. He can say his prayers and 
wait, but at all times his sense of duty is his guide. In his judgment 
he has all the advantage of a trained legal mind, never disturbed by 
temper or selfishness. He has mixed with men as a fellowman, and 
with a genuine social interest in men. If he errs in his judgment of men 
it is out of his sympathy for them and his hope for their better side. 
Hence his qualification for the office of President of the Brotherhood. 
But Mr. Gardiner makes no "hobby** of the Brotherhood. He believes 
that the Brotherhood vow is the Churchman's vow. That the Brother- 
hood prayer is the Churchman's prayer, and that the Brotherhood work 
is best training in a Churchman's duty. The Brotherhood is the train- 
ing school for the sons of the Church to teach them how to be faithful 
and valiant soldiers of Christ. 

Mr. Gardiner is a loyal Churchman — loyal to the Book of Common 
Prayer. Yet he is not one of those who would harness his own or the 
devotion of others in the forms, beautiful as they are, in that one book. 
With him the Prayer Book is the best form of fellowship with God, and 
he believes in using the Communion Service frequently and with special 
intention. With his social instincts he recogni2jes the force of the Mas- 
ter's words, "If two of you shall agree on earth," and he believes in 
the usefulness of Corporate Communions to promote the spiritual life 
in the Chapters, in order that in the power, of that life its members may 
be drawn closer to the Master and feel the greater enthusiasm for the 
Master's work. He does not believe in work without prayer. There, 
after all, lies the great power in Mr. Gardiner's life. He has his faults 
and weaknesses as all men have. He knows what struggle is because he 
has struggled. But he is a prayerful man in private, in his family and 
in the Church. May God help him teach all who meet him the lesson 
of lessons how to pray and how to pray better ! 

II. By Edmund Billings, Boston, Second Vice-President Brotherhood 
of St. Andrew in the United States. 

Mr. Gardiner's first ancestors came from England to Rhode Island 
Jn 1635. The family settled in Boston Neck, Narragansett, where they 
were prominent citizens and Churchmen. The Rev. James McSparren, 
a Missionary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, married 
Hannah, a daughter of William Gardiner, and it was through his in- 
fluence that his brother-in-law, Sylvester Gardiner, was sent to Europe 
to receive there a thorough education as a physician. On his return 
Sylvester established himself in Boston, where he gained a large prac- 
tice. He marritd a daughter of Dr. John Gibbons, of Boston, who is 
mentioned in a letter to the Bishop of London, in 1731, as "furious and 
clamorous for the Church." Dr. Gibbons graduated at Harvard in 1715, 
and was Warden of King's Chapel in 1725 and 1726, as Dr. Gardiner 
was in 1738 and 1739, and for the most of the time from 1756 to 1775. 
They both served, often together, on many important Church Commit- 
tees, not only for the management of King's Chapel, but for the founding 
of Christ and Trinity Churches. Dr. Gardiner published a book of 


family prayers. His daughter married Robert Hallowell, the last Eng- 
lish Comptroller of the Customs of Boston. 

Dr. Gardiner had large holdings of land in Maine, where he had 
been zealous to establish the Church, having built and partially endowed 
Churches at Pownalborough, now Dresden, and Gardiner. By his will 
he entailed his large estate at Gardiner, Maine, excluding his eldest son 
who had been active in transferring King's Chapel from the Church to 
Unitarianism. On that estate he charged an annuity to be paid to the 
Rector of the Church at Gardiner, providing that the Rector should be 
appointed by that one of his descendants who, at the time of the vacancy, 
ocupied the estate. Dr. Gardiner died in 1786 and was buried under 
Trinity Churh, Newport. Oh the death within a year of his son, Wil- 
liam, his grandson, Robert Hallowell, succeeded to the estate, and on 
coming of age, took the name of Robert Hallowell Gardiner. He built 
the present Church at Gardiner and devoted his life tothe service of the 
Church, serving on the Standing Committee of Maine, as Treasurer of 
the Diocessan Board of Missions, and for many years representing the 
Diocese in the General Convention. To one or more General Conven- 
tions, he and his son, the Rev. Frederic Gardiner, afterwards a Professor 
at Gambier and at the Berkeley Divinity School, were elected Deputies 
from Maine and his eldest son and namesake from Georgia. 

On his death he was succeeded as Treasurer of the Diocesan Board 
of Missions and as Deputy to the General Convention by his eldest son. 
His second son, John William Tudor Gardiner, was an officer in the 
regular army of the United States in which he remained till his death, 
though he v/as with difficulty persuaded not to enter the ministry in 
middle life, and while he was stationed at Fort Tejon, California, hi^ 
eldest son, Robert Hallowell Gardiner, the subject of this sketch, was 
born there. This present R. H. Gardiner was baptized by Bishop Kip 
at Fort Tejon, confirmed in Montreal by the Metropolitan of Canada, 
and after graduating at Harvard in 1876, and teaching in De Veaux 
College, New York, and the famous Roxbury Latin School, established 
himself in the practice of law in Boston. He was one of the founders 
and Treasurer and Warden of the Church of the Redeemer, Chestnut 
Hill, and served in Massachusetts as Treasurer of the Episcopal City 
Mission of Boston and the Diocesan Board of Missions and as a member 
of the Standing Committee. 

He had succeeded on his uncle's death in 1886 to the family estate 
at Gardiner, and in 1900 established his legal residence there. He has 
served the Church in Maine as Warden of Christ Church, Gardiner, and 
as a member of the Standing Committee and the Diocesan Board of 
Missions and Vice-President of the Church Club, and was a Deputy to 
the General Convention of 1904. While a citizen of Massachusetts, he 
was active in the Republican party, being one of the founders of the 
Republican Club of NTassachusetts. He was Treasurer of the Christian 
Social Union and is Vice-President of the National Consumers' Laegue. 
He is one of the charter members (about 1894) of the- Chapter at the 
Church of the Redeemer, Chestnut Hill, Mass., and later of that at Christ 
Church, Gardiner, and has been for some years President of the Boston 
Local Council. For the last two years he has been Chairman of the 
College Committee of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew. 



Ekxima Jane Gardiner (8), Frederic (7), Robert H. (6), Hannah (5), 
Dr. Sylvester (4), William (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Samuel Ferguson, son of Rev. Henry and Emma Jane (Gardiner) 
Ferguson, was born November, 1874. Married Marguerite Price, No- 
vember, 1903. 

One child has been born to them as follows: 

Samuel Ferguson. Born 1904. 



This town was named in honor of Stephen Van- Rensselaer, formed 
from Renssalaerswyck, on March 29, 1784. Petersburg was taken off 
in 1 791 and parts of Berlin and Niassau in 1806. It forms the southeast 
corner of the County, and is bounded on the north by the town of Ber- 
lin, in the same County; on the south by the town of New Lebanon, in 
Columbia County; on the east by the State of Massachusetts; and on 
the west by the town of Nassau, in Rensselaer County ; it contains 33,- 
538 acres of land. 

The town was first settled about the year 1765, by pioneers from 
the States of Connecticut and Rhode Island, who entered the town at 
the southeast corner, and located as the early settlers were wont to do, 
upon the rocky hills of that location. (An explanation as to the term 
town used herein will clear the mind of the reader. The term is the 
same used at present for a subdivision of a County at present known as 
a township.) 

Some doubt exists in the town in regard to the actual "first settler" 
of the town. By some the honor is claimed by Asa and William Doug- 
las, who settled in the town in the season (year) of 1765-66; while others 
insist that the first settlement was made by Elnathan Sweet, Nathaniel 
Rose, Joseph Rogers, Benjamin Gardner or others. 

It is thought probable that several of the first settlers of the town 
came in about the same time. The tombstone of both Asa and 'William 
Douglas and Joshua Gardner simply declare them to be "one of the 
first settlers of the town." While the following Douglas history is a 
diversion of the Gardner record we introduce it here as it confirms p 
belief that the Douglas and Gardner families were closely allied, socially 
and in marriage, for a few generations, coming as they did to America 
at the same time, settling in the same place in Massachusetts, and from 
there to Connecticut, Rhode Island and New York. 

Asa Douglas was a descendant of William Douglas, who was born 
July 26, 1610; came from Scotland and landed at Boston in 1640. From 
thence he went to New London, Connecticut, and died July 26, 1662. 
Asa came from Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in the year 1766, in search of 
some good land which he was to receive in compensation for certain 
services which he had performed in behalf of the government. 

Finding no satisfactory land there, and meeting an Indian chief 
who informed him that there was good land in "Jericho Hollow," a 
name that was given to the "hollow" west of the Berkshire hills, he re- 
paired there and took up 1,000 acres which then laid within the territory 
of Massachusetts. Here he established himself with his family, which 
subsequently consisted of his wife, Rebecca, seven sons and five daugh- 



One-half of the land is now within the State of New York, and is 
divided into six farms, Mrs. Emeline A. Hubbard, a descendant of Asa 
Douglas, Leonard Doty, Charles Shumway, Ambrose Sweet, Kirk Gard- 
ner, the widow and heirs of Silas Gardner, the last two of whom reside 
in Massachusetts. Other early settlers in the town, some of whom were 
among the first, were men by the name of Moon, Rowland Hall, Dr. 
Nkholas Harris, and the Gardner brothers, Joshua, Caleb, Nathaniel, 
Benjamin and others; no more names given. Joshua Gardner in 1774 
cut his way through the woods from the old "East Road" that passed 
from Lebanon Springs, up over the mountains to the place where he 

The records are clear as to the coming to Stephentown of some 
Gardners who were brothers of Benjamin first mentioned and from these 
families numerous branches have gone forth. 

In the research we have found the following names and official rela- 
tions sustained to the government. 

Assistant Justice of the Court. 

George Gardner appointed by the Governor of New York, 1771. 

Powell Gardner appointed by the Governor of New York, 1802. 

Powell Gardner succeeded himself for four terms and then at the 
close of a term of another appointee was reappointed and held the office 
till March, 1815, when William Gardner was appointed. 

State Officers. 

Stow Gardner was elected and entered upon the duties of the office 
of Attorney General December 8, 1853. 

Representatives in the Assembly. 

George Gardner, in 181 1. 

Field and Staff. 

William L. Gardner, Adjutant. 
Nathan B. Gardner, Lieutenant. 
William Lamport Gardner, Ensign (Grenadiers). 
Daniel Gardner was a prominent attorney, Rensselaer County, New 

Railroad Lines. 

The Troy and Stockbridge road, incorporated by act of legislature 
in 1836. Capital stock 6,000 shares, $50.00 each. Commissioners named 
in bill were Daniel Gardner and others, including Russel Sage. 

Elarly Manufactures. 

We record the following as evidence of the aggressiveness an<l 
leadership characteristic of the family. 



At Troy, N. Y., 1838, Jefferson Gardner purchased an interest in a 
collar and cuff factory. In 185 1, Nathaniel Wheeler of Wheeler, Wilson 
and Co., came to Troy, bringing with him one of the recently invented 
sewing machines. Alluding to the results of his visit Wheeler remarked : 
"I particularly brought the attention of the manufacturers of cuffs and 
collars, to the machine, most of whom shook their heads doubting the 
practicability of stitching collars by machinery. Among my visitors 
was Jeff. Gardner who seemed to be less skeptical, investigated the sub- 
ject and concluded to give the machine a trial. Early in the spring of 
1852 he put them in practical operation in the shops." Others followed 
after he had demonstrated the possibility of using the machines. 


Saturday, September 15th, 1906, witnessed, at the home of Rufus 
Sweet of Stephentown, N. Y., a reunion of one of the oldest families in 
America. The founder of this family was one George Gardner, who, in 
1638, forsook old England for New England, settling in Rhode Island; 
and it was his descendants who, nearly three centuries later, celebrated 
their first family reunion in the land of their adoption. 

It is but comparatively few years since the ancestors of the living 
members of this family cleared the very ground whereon the present 
gathering met. On this occasion one could but reflect that the distance 
from the ox team to the automobile is not so very great after all; and 
from the steam shuttle to the hand loom and the spinning-wheel one is 
made to feel he can almost touch hands. There were a number present 
at the Stephentown reunion who, in the earlier days, had spun by hand 
and woven by hand, and whose ancestors, but one or two generations 
removed, had struck into the wilderness, and come "west" with the 

As a family, the Gardners have played a creditable part in the de- 
velopment of the new country, and the useful position it now occupies 
is testified to by the very considerable number of prominent and able 
members it includes. 

The early history of this family in America is much the same as 
that of the other settlers who helped give birth to the young nation. 
First, there is the abode among the coastwise towns, and then the har- 
dier ones, with ax and rifle, push westward. There is the blazed trail, 
the little clearing, the log cabin ; and the wilderness begins to flourish 
under the arm of the settler. Gradually the frame house rises where 
the cabin stood, and broad fields stretch away where the meagre crop 
once grew between the stumps of the clearing. Hardy beginnings, these, 
which, as in the case of all pioneers, fostered a hardy race. Emerging 
from its forest pathway, populating the farms, afid entering the cities, 
this family has increased and prospered, till today its living members 
number about 5,000, — a surprisingly vigorous growth for its small be- 
ginning. But perhaps this early growth was not unusual ; for in the 
settlement days large families were more the fashion than now. The 
brood of ten was by no means the exception, — and, as a member of the 
familv expressed it, "Ten times ten are a hundred." 

During the past two years a Mr. Charles M. Gardner, of Buffalo, 
N, Y., has. undertaken the task of collecting the complete history and 


genealogy of the Gardner family, and the final sheets of this work are 
nearly ready for the printer. The history begins with the early English 
ancestors, and brings the record down, wherever possible, to the present 

To accommodate the widely scattered members of the family, the 
reunion of the eastern and the western branches was held separately, 
the gathering of the western branch taking place in Ohio about three 
weeks before the one which occurred in Stephentown. The attendance 
at the reunion held in Ohio, numbered between 200 and 300 and at 
Stephentown about 30. 

Following the example of its western relative, the eastern branch 
organized as a family association, for the purpose of establishing a wider 
acquaintance among the members of the Gardner family, and like the 
former, voted to make its reunion an annual event. It is expected that 
the attendance next year will be very large, when a fine program, in- 
cluding addresses, will be arranged. 

The officers of the eastern association, chosen for the ensuing year, 
are as follows. President and treasurer, Rev. Daniel Shepardson, Han- 
cock, Mass.; vice president, Fred Gardner, Stephentown, N. Y. ; secre- 
tary, Miss Mary Shumway, Hancock, Mass. 

C. M. FORD. 

Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Job, youngest child of Nathaniel and Mary ( ) Gardner, was 

born July 23, 1723; married Ann Fry, of East Greenwich, in 1748. He 
was mate of the **Ranger" ; also owned land in East Greenwich, for July 
17, 1755, Job Gardner and wife Ann deeded land to Joseph Billington. 

(2) married Greene. He removed to Stephentown, N. Y., about 


Children : 

Mary, born 1749. 

Nathaniel, born 1751. 

Thomas, born 1753. 

Amy, born 1755. 

Ann, born 1757. 

George, born 1759. 

Samuel, born 1761. 

Augustus, born 1763. 

Hannah, born 1765. 

William, born 1767. 

Benjamin, born 1769. 


Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Joshua Gardner, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Howland) Gard- 
ner, was born 1742, in Kingstown, Rhode Island ; he married, first, 
Mercy Tanner, daughter of Palmer Tanner, at Kingstown, R. I., Feb- 
ruary 22, 1763. Tliey were married by Elisha Clark, Justice. 


Joshua Gardner removed from Rhode Island to Stephentown, New 
York, in 1764-5. He took up a tract of land which he increased until he 
owned about four hundred acres. 

The following inscriptions were taken from the grave stones in the 
old cemetery on the hill back of what is now the Baptist cemetery of 
Stephentown, New York, and on land originally owned by him. 

"In memory of Mercy Gardner, wife of Joshua Gardner, who died 
December ye nth, 1804, in the 63rd year of her age." 

**In memory of Elcy Gardner, wife of Joshua Gardner, who departed 
this life March ye 4th, 1816, in the Goth year of her age." 

"The grave of Joshua Gardner, who died October ye 5th, 1829, aged 


"He emigrated to this town from Connecticut in 1764 and was one 
of the first settlers of the soil where he now lies buried — married to 
three wives and had twelve children, all of whom died before him." 

The above is all the information we have been able to obtain rela- 
tive to him or his family. 

Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Caleb B., son of Benjamin and Mary (Howland) Gardner married 
Amy Aylesworth, Mar. 18, 1761. In the West Greenwich records her 
name is written "Almy." She was born Dec. 28, 1739; died Dec. 24, 
181 1. Caleb B. was born Apr. 27, 1741 ; died Aug. 3, 1806. 

Children of whom we have record : 

Russell, born July 20, 1762; married Clark. 

Amy, born Aug. 3, 1764; married William Hall. 

Mary, died at Hancock, Mass., Mar. 15, 1797, ^n the 31st year of her 
age, and is buried on the homestead now (1907) owned by Kirk E. Gard- 
ner. She married Arvin Wood. Two children of whom we have record : 
Betsy, born Apr. 13, 1794; died Aug. 15, 1876, married Adam Clark; 
Wanton G., died May 21, 1798, aged i year 2 months 14 days. 

Caleb, born Mar. 17, 1769; married Reynolds. He died in Rio 


Silas, born July 15, 1771. 

John, born Aug. 19, 1778; died Jan. 10, 1863. 

Olive, died at Hancock, Mass., Aug. 20, 1826, in the 53d year of her 
age ; married Hezekiah Noyes. 

Job, born Aug. 19, 1776; died in Sherburn, N. Y. 

Adam, born June 14, 1781 ; married Corliss. 

Piatt, born July 10, 1786; died July 27, 1806. Buried at Hancock. 

Captain Caleb B. Gardner came from Rhode Island. On the thir- 
teenth of April, 1767, bought of Asa Douglas of Connecticut one hun- 
dred acres for £75. 

Soon he had 1,000 bushels of wheat in one year from said farm de- 
livered at Schodac landing on the Hudson, in sleighs, and with the pro- 
ceeds paid for the farm. 

In a few years he was the owner of five hundred acres, including 
the Douglas homestead which was the adjoining farm, and which is in 


the Gardner family at this writing, 1907. Kirk E. Gardner, great-grand- 
son of Caleb B. Gardner, owns and lives on the old farm. Caleb B. built 
his house and barn large and strong and both are now in use. 

The house was built in 1795, as a stone tablet in the cellar walls 
bearing date and names of Caleb B. and his wife, Amy Aylsworth, 

The barn which was built ten or fifteen years previous was, accord- 
ing to tradition, used by the Baptists for the holding of their first ser- 
vices in Hancock. 

The house was the first hotel in Hancock, and an old clock, the first 
in town, built in the wall on one side of the bar room, is still there with 
its metallic face. In the house also may be seen the signs of "Caleb B. 
Gardner's tnn 1790," and "J. Gardner's Inn." J. Gardner, his son, kept 
the house as a hotel till about 1840. 

The following is the deed of transfer of one hundred acres of land 
to Caleb Gardner at Hancock, Massachusetts: 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come : 

Greeting, know ye, that I, Asa Douglas of Canaan in the County of 
Litchfield and Colony of Connecticut, Yeoman do for and in Considera- 
tion of the Sum of Seventy-five pounds lawful money, of the province 
of the Massachusetts Bay, to me in hand before the Ensealing hereof, 
well and truly paid by Caleb Gardner of Dutchess County and province 
of New York—Yeoman — The Receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge, 
and myself therewith fully satisfied and contented; and thereof, and of 
every Part and Parcel thereof do exonerate, acquit and discharge him — 
said Caleb Gardner his Heirs, Ebcecutors and administrators, forever by 
these Presents. Have given, granted, bargained, sold, aliened, conveyed 
and confirmed; and by these Presents, do freely, fully and absolutely 
give, grant, bargain, sell, aliene, convey and confirm unto him the said 
Caleb Gardner, his heirs and Assigns forever, one certain farm of land 
lying and being in the County of Berkshire and the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, being part of that Grant of Land of Deans and 
others. Being at the westermost end of lot number four and lot num- 
ber five running easterly at the Lot Line. Runs the width of both Lots, 
till it contains one hundred akers. Bounds as follows, Easterly, South- 
erly, and Westerly on Land of said Douglas and Northerly on land of 
Timothy Hollenbeck — Being part of said Grant — To Have and to HoM 
the said granted and bargained premises, with all the appurtenances, 
Privileges and commodities to the same belonging, or in any way apper- 
taining to him the said Caleb Gardner his Heirs and Assigns forever. 
To his and their only proper use Benefit and Behoof forever. And 1 
the said Asa Douglas do for myself, my Heirs, Executors and Adminis- 
trators, do Covenant, Promise and Grant to and with the said Caleb 
Gardner his Heirs and Assigns, that before Ensealing hereof I am the 
true, sole and lawful owner of the above bargained Premises, and am 
lawfully seized and possessed of the same in my own proper Right as a 
good, perfect and absolute EvState of Inheritance in Fee Simple; and 
have in myself good Right, full Power and lawful Authority, to grant, 
bargain, sell, convey and confirm said banrained Premises in manner as 
foresaid; and that the said Caleb Gardner his Heirs and Assigns, shall 


and may from time to time, and at all times forever hereafter, by force 
and virtue of these Presents, lawfully, peacebly and quietly have, hold, 
use, occupy, possess and enjoy the said demised and bargained Premises, 
with the appurtenances, free and clear, and freely and clearly acquitted, 
exonerated and discharged of from all, and all manner of former or other 
Gifts, Grants, Bargains, Sales, Leases, Mortgages, Wills, Entails, Join- 
tures, Dowries, Judgments, Executors or Incumbrances of what Name 
or Nature soever, that might in any measure or Degree obstruct or make 
void this Present Deed. Furthermore I the said Asa Douglass for my- 
self Heirs, Executors and Administrators do Covenant and Engage the 
above demised Premises to him the said Caleb Gardner his Heirs and 
Assigns against the lawful claims or demands of any Person or Persons 
whatsoever, forever hereafter to Warrant, Secure and Defend by these 
Presents, in witness whereunto I have set my Hand and Seal this thir- 
teenth Day of April in the Seventh year of his Majesties' Reign George 
the third of Great Brittain &c, Ano dominum 1767 Signed Sealed and 
Delivered in the presence of 

David Vaughn. 

George Hollelston. 

Asa Douglas, 



Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Alse Gardner, daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Howland) Gard- 
ner, was born about 1747; married Justus Brockway. He was born 
about 1747. He died 1827, aged about 80. They are both buried on the 
old Si.neon Gardner family burying ground, on what is now known as 
the Lapp farm. 

The graves have no markers. She was a sister of the early settlers., 
Benjamin, Caleb, Joshua, Job and Nathaniel Gardner. 

Her children were: 

Justus. Children but we have no record of them. 


Benjamin, no record. 


George, born April 24, 1791 ; died January 27, 1846. 

Simeon, went to Ohio. No further record. 



Elizabeth, no record. 

Thankful, no record. 


Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Benjamin Gardner, son of Benjamin and Mary (Howland) Gardner, 
was born about 1731, at Exeter, R. I., died Feb 2, 1809, at Stephcntown, 
N. Y.; married Elizabeth Olin. She was born in Rhode Island, 1737; 


died at Stephentown, N. Y., March 4, 1813. Both are buried on the olJ 
homestead farm at Stephentown, now owned by Rufus Sweet. 

Their children, born in Exeter, R. I., were :' 

Simeon, born Oct. 22, 1754. 

Alice, born May 6, 1756. 

Mary, born Jan. 31, 1757. 

Benjamin, born Sept. 13, 1759; removed to Ohio. 

Elizabeth, born Sept. 12, 1761. 

Rowland, born Sept. i, 1763. 

Nathaniel, born Ott 11, 1765. 
vCaleb, born Feb. 14, 1768. 

Olin, born at Stephentown, N. Y., is buried beside his parents. 


This indenture made the sixteenth day of January in the yeare of our 
Lord 1787 Between Stephen Van Rensselaer Esq. Lord and Proprietor 
of the Manor of Rensselaer Wick in the County of Albany of the ist 
part and Benjamin Gardner of the County of Albany of the 2nd part. 

Witnesseth, That for in consideration of the sum of five Shillings 
Lawful Money of the State of New York to him the said Stephen Van 
Rensslear now paid and more especially for and in further consideration 
of the Rent Covenants Conditions Provisions and Agreements hereinafter 
refered contained and expressed he the said Stephen Van Rensselaer 
Hath Granted Bargained And Sold Aliened Released & confirmed & 
by these Presents Doth Grant Bargain and Sell Alien Release And 
Confirm unto the said Benjamin Gardner in his actual Possession now- 
Being by virtue of a Lease thereof by Indenture to him made bearing 
Date and Day before the Date hereof and by Force of the Laws trans- 
fering of titles into Possession & to his Heirs & Assigns forever — All 
that certain Tract of Land or farm Situated, lying & being in the said 
Manor on the East side of Hudson's River butted bounded & described 
as follows to wit 

Saving & always excepted to the said Stephen Van Rensselaer his 
Heirs and Assigns out of the present Grant & Release all Mines & 
Minerals that are now or may be found on the premises hereby granted 
& released & also all the Creeks Kills Streams & Runs of Water & so 
much ground within the Same Premises as he the said Stephen Van 
Rensselaer his heirs & assigns think requisite and appropriate at any 
Time hereafter for the erection of Mills Dams & any Works & Build- 
ings whatsoever for the convenient working of the said Mines or for the 
Use of the said Mills & the said Benjamin Gardner for himself his Heirs 
Executors Administrators & Assigns dpth hereby covenant & agree to 
& with the said Stephen Van Rensselaer his Heirs & assigns that the 
said Benjamin Gardner his Heirs' and assigns Executors & Administra- 
tors shall and will forever hereafter well and faithfully pay & deliver 
the Rent and Quality & Quantities of Wheat or Species so by the above 
condition secure at the Time and Times therein mentioned to the said 
Stephen Van Rensselaer his Hieirs & Assigns he the said Benjamin 
Gardner his heirs & assigns will faithfully discharge & pay all Taxes 
charges or Assessrnents ordinary or extraordinary taxes charges or 
assessments or to be taxed charged or assessed upon the said hereby 
released Preimses, 


In testimony whereof the Parties to the Presents have hereunto 
interchangeably set their Hands and Seals the Day and year first above 

Sealed and delivered in the 
presence of 

I. A. Magely, 

Benj. F. Egberts. 

Benjamin Gardner. 


Benjamin Gardner 129 acres and 
108 Rods 10^ Bushels of wheat yearly. 


Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Nathaniel Gardner, son of Joshua and Sarah (Spink) Gardner, was 
born in Kingstown, R. I., April 10, 1744; died July 14, 1801. Married 
Martha Brown, also of Kingstown, Aug. i, 1762. She was born 1743; 
died Aug. 11, 1841, in Hancock. 

Their children were: 

Joshua, born Mar. • 11, 1764; married Lydia Gardner, daughter of 

Robert, born Feb. 3, 1766, in Exeter, R. I. 

Elizabeth, born July 6, 1770; died in Hancock, Mass., Aug. 18, 1856. 

Martha born in Exeter, R. I. ; married Griffin Reynolds, Sept. 22, 
1793; removed to west. 

Waity, born in Exeter, R. I. ; married George Dyer, Apr. 7, 1796. 

Eunice, born Nov. 19, 1773; died May 6, 1851. 

Mary, born Aug. 12, 1784, in Hancock, Mass.; married*0. Cortell. 

Hannah, born 1789, in H»ancock, Mass. ; died 1803. 

Nathaniel Gardner emigrated to Hancock, Mass. (then Jericho val- 
ley), settling on the land now owned and occupied by William A. Gard- 
ner, and which has been owned and occupied by his descendants since 
that time. Martha made the journey from Rhode Island on horseback, 
carrying her baby in her arms, their road being indicated by marked 
trees. They lived and died and are both buried on the farm where he 

Martha lived a widow for forty years and died at the age of 99 
years. It is said sometime during the Revolutionary war Nathaniel de- 
cided to enlist as a soldier but, his brother Ishmael, unmarried, said: 
"Nathaniel, yau stay at home and care for your wife and little ones. I 
will go as I have no one dependent upon me. One of us ought to go, 
so I will be the one." He went.but did not return, having been killed 
at the battle of Bennington. 

Nathaniel was Captain of the First Company of Militia of the town 
at the time the Regiment of King and Kent Counties, R. I., were ordered 
to be divided into two Regiments. His name does not appear among 
those given as appointed officers of the reorganized companies. At 
about this time he removed to Hancock, Mass. He was Captain of the 
military company of the town and was in service in the Revolutionary 


war. The only official record of this is among the Revolutionary State 
Papers at Boston, that he marched from Hancock to and in defense of 
other towns. This was probably during the time of the battle of Ben- 
nington. Hancock muster rolls were not preserved. All of the militia 
was called out. All had voluntarily served in anticipation of call. As 
early as 1764 every man in the militia had been called to serve. 

Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Job Gardner, son of Benjamin and Mary (Howland) Gardner, was 
born in North Kingstown, Rhode Island, about 1730; died at Stephen- 
town, New York, March 9, 1806. Married Hannah Briton; she died al 
Stephentown, New York, December 26, 1781, aged 48. 

Children were: 





Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Nathaniel, son of Job and Ann (Fry) Gardner, was born in Rhode 
Island in 1751 ; died Feb., 1813, of influenza in Stephentown, N. Y. His 
wife died Nov. 11, 1837. He with his wife Marcy (Spencer) Gardner 
moved from East Greenwich, Rhode Island, in 1787, to Stephentown, 
Rensselaer Co., New York, where he purchased a farm. 

Their family consisted of ten children : 

Dorcas — Mrs. Russell Cowles. 



Charlotte — Mrs. Samuel Herrick, of Owasco, N. Y. 



John, born Feb. 22, 1791. 

Charles, born May 13, 1793. 

Richard, 1795. 

Ruth, 1797. — Mrs. Daniel Rhodes. 


Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Palmer Gardner, son of Sylvester and Lydia (Dawley) Gardner, was 
born in Exeter, R. I., September 19, 1737, was married in West Green- 
wich to Hannah, daughter of Joseph and Mary Nichols, in 1763. Her 
line of descent was as follows: Hannah (4), Joseph (3), John (or Ben- 
jamin (2), Thomas (i). Thomas Nichols was admitted as a freeman at 


Newport in 1664 and located in East Greenwich in 1677. She was born 
December 8, 1731. 

Their children were: 

Abigail, born Mar. 2, 1764, in W. Greenwich, R. I.; died 1825. 

Dorcas, born 1766; died 181 1. 

Lydia, born 1768; died 1838; married Joshua Gardner (6). See line. 

Sylvester, born Aug. 11, 1770; died. July 30, 1830. 

Mary, born June 17, 1772; died Sept. 6, 1853. 

Joseph Nichols, born Nov. 14, 1773; died Nov. 22, 1845. 

Palmer, born Mar. 14, 1775; died July 19, 1817. 

Amy, born 1777. 

Hannah, born April i, 1781 ; died Oct. 9, 1825. 


June I, 1761, was issued the following: — 


By the Honorable Stephtn Hopkins, Esq., Governor and Captain 
General of the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions in New England in America. 

To Palmer Gardner, Gentleman, Greeting You, Palmer Gardner, 
being by the General Assembly of the Colony elected and chosen to the 
place and office of Captain of the 3d company or trained band of the 
Town of West Greenwich in the County of Kent in the Colony afore- 
said are hereby in the name of his most sacred Majesty George HI by 
the grace of God King of Great Brittain &c, authorize and impowered 
and commissioned to have, take and exercise the offiice of Captain of the 
Company aforesaid and to command, guide and conduct the same or 
any part thereof. 

And in case of any invasion or assault of any enemy to infest or dis- 
turb this, his Majesty's plantation you are to alarm and gather together 
the number under your command or such part thereof as you shall deem 
sufficient and with them to the utmost of your skill and ability you arc 
to resist, expel, kill and destroy the same in order to preserve the interest 
of his Majesty and his good subjects in these parts. 

You are also to follow such further instructions and directions as 
shall from time to time be given forth either by the General Assembly, 
the Governor or General Counsel or other of your superior officers. 

And for your so doing this shall be a sufficient warrant. 

Given under my hand and the seal of the County aforesaid, the 
13th day of June in the ist year of his said Majesty's reign 1761. 


By his Honor's command. 

(Signed) HENRY WARD, Secy. 

On March i, 1769, Palmer Gardner sold his farm in West Green- 
wich to Josiah Matteson, and removed to Hiancock, Mass., where he 
bought 199 acres uppn the east side of the turnpike between Hancock 
and South Williamstown and about two miles from the former. The 
present owner of the property is Milton Pease, of Stephentown, N. Y., 


whose great grandfather, Griffin Eldredge, bought it from the heirs of 
Palmer Gardner. 

This valley northward from Hancock is extremely picturesque, high 
wooded hills on either side. Along this street lived the Townsends, 
Hands, Wilsons, Douglases, Cogswells and Eldredges, most of them 
Rhode Island people, acquaintances there of the Dyers and Gardners. 
Of the latter there were descendants of Benony (2), George (2), and 
Nicholas (2), and here in the fifth and sixth generation these intermar- 
ried in several instances. 

A Pioneer. 

Often have I enjoyed trying to picture to myself the sort of man 
Captain Palmer Gardner, of Hancock, Mass., must have been. To the 
very meager traditions that have come down to me I have joined in 
imagination some recurring characteristics among his descendants. 
That he was held in high esteem by his fellow pioneers among those 
glorious hills and smiling valleys on the confines of the great Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts does not need to be repeated. '*There were 
giants in those days," and he was one of them. A man whom physical 
stature alone marked him as of regal mien ; it might be said of him as of 
Israel's first king, that **when he stood among the people he was higher 
than any of the people from his shoulders and upward." When he and 
his consort were met driving through the country, they were the chief 
matter of interest in the landscape for they occupied so much of it. 

The relation of physical to mental and moral bigness is interesting. 
It is not difficult to trace it among those descendants of Capt. Palmer 
Gardner who inherited his massive frame, and even among some who 
did not. Then his first the gentleness, the sweetness, the simplicity that 
is so often found among people who rightly belong to the favored chil- 
dren of God, and so surely among them who approximate true greatness. 
Then there is the breadth of sympathy strong indeed which is the only 
effective basis of the most useful lives lived among men. Again, there 
is the bouyant, happy disposition which ever reflects God's warm sun- 
shine into the hearts and lives of those about. I do not know that manv 
of the family possessed exceptional intellectual gifts ; but they had 
strong, practical common sense. 

Reference may be expected to the deeply religious nature and moral 
earnestness of this people. Few sons and daughters of Massachusetts 
were* not such. These people enjoyed their religion. It was full of 
radiance of the better kind. Two of them went as heralds of the Cross 
to the Empire of the Rising Sun and beyond. Otie, through an excep- 
tionally long life retained among her friends the reputation of the Angel 
her husband had called her before their marriage. 

Another was known as the Saint of the Community in which she 
lived. Who would not rejoice to claim friendship with such? 

Pioneers were they ! Pioneers they still are. Pioneers of Gardners 
of joy and happiness. Happy is the nation which can claim such re- 
sourceful folk among its foundation stones! Blessed are they who are 
conscious of such rich blood coursing in their veins. 



Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Capt. Daniel Gardner, son of Sylvester and Lydia (Dawley) Gard- 
ner, was born in Greenwich, R. I., 1746; died November 28, 1807, and is 
buried on the farm at Hancock, Mass., formerly owned by him. He 
married Abigail Hall of West Greenwich, March 21, 1771. She was born 
in 1746; died November 21, 1775, and is buried at Hancock, Mass. 

Two children: 

Christopher, born 1773; died 1777. 

John, born 1775; died 1776. 

Daniel Gardner married for his second wife Alice ; she was 

born June 13, 1746; died Feb. 25, 1791. 

Children : 

Abigail, born in Hancock, Mass., Nov. 16, 1777; died Dec. 16, 1852, 
in Moravia, N. Y. 

Lydia, born Feb. i, 1779; died Sept. 7, 1841 ; married John, son of 
Caleb B. and Amy Gardner. 

Daniel Gardner married, third, Christina Hall, cousin of Abigail 
and Alice. She was born April 3, 1772; died Dec. 27, 1842. 

Children : 

Elcy, born Dec. 29, 1796; died Jan. 24, 1882. 

Sally, born Nov. 25, 1799; died June 23, 1871. 

March 7, 1768, in consideration of 15 pounds, Peleg Dawley con- 
veyed to Daniel Gardner 25 acres contiguous to the lands of Henry 
Tanner and Sylvester Gardner. 

In 1770 Daniel Gardner emigrated to Hancock, Mass. (then called 
Jericho) where he purchased 370 acres of land and in 1793 he erected 
a large two-story house, which a few years ago was destroyed by fire, 
but the chimney is still standing. His widow lived there until her death 
and his daughter, Sally, passed her entire life there, with the exception 
of one year. Her son, Dwight, lived and died on the old homestead, 
after which the farm was sold and passed out of the family. It is now 
owned by Miss Fannie Carpenter of Lebanon Springs. The marble 
tablet bearing the date of erection is in the possession of Dr. Gardner 


Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Joseph and Benjamin followed their brother Palmer to Hancock, 
Mass., and their remains were laid to rest in the Dawley burial ground 
just north of the spot where may be seen today the ruins of their brother 
Daniel's spacious residence which was erected in 1793. 

Tradition states that Joseph was a hunchback. Neither he nor Ben- 
jamin married. They wore the Quaker garb. If we may divine from 
their epitaphs the feelings of these bachelor brothers who were so near 
of an age and never separated till Joseph died, we can readily appreciate 
their wistful memories of Rhode Island where they laid to rest their 
parents and maiden sister Lydia, before turning their steps to Massachu- 
setts, and the sense of isolation Benjamin experienced after the death 


of his brothers and the migration of their children to New York state 
and Canada. 

The grave stone of Joseph at Hancock, Mass., contains the follow- 
ing inscription: 

Joseph Gardner died December 15, 1816. 
aged 69 years. 

"Far from my native land I've come 

To lay my body here 
O may my soul to God return 

To dwell within his cear." 

The following is from Benjamin's grave stone: 

Benjamin Gardner died August 12, 1825, 
aged ^^ years. 

"Why should I longer live to mourn 

The loss of one in age and all 
My equal true? Since strength is gone 

Fd go where virtue cannot fall." 

Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Nathaniel Gardner was born March 17, 1739; married Eunice Sun- 
derlin, May 18, 1760; died July 18, 1806. She was born Dec. 28, 1738; 
died Jan. 11, 1781. He was son of Benjamin and Mary (Howland) 

Children were: 

Lois, born Dec. 28, 1760; married Hammond; died Jan. 23, 


Isaac, born Mar. 14, 1762. 

Mary, born Jan. 30, 1764; married a Brownell; died July 29, 1831. 

Stephen, born Feb. 27, 1767; died July 4, 1826. 

Isabel, born Jan. 20, 1769. 

Zephaniah, born Oct. 20, 1770. 

Zebulon, born Dec. 28, 1773; died July 8, 1775. 

Joshua, born Nov. 2, 1774. 

Dorcas, born Aug. 18, 1776. 

Benjamin, born July 22, 1778. 


Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

George, son of Ezekiel and Dorcas (Watson) Gardner, was born 
July 2, 1745; married Mary Reynolds. She became a disciple of the 
Friends and remained one of their firmest adherents, personally and 
doctrinely, through life. Leaving her husband behind, she came with 


her children with the early settlers of the Friends' colony to the New 
Jerusalem. She settled first near the Friends residence, on land which 
later belonged to Charles J. Townsend. She was a valued member of 
the Friends Society, and often interchanged visits with the Friends, and 
subsequently with Rachel Malin. She died in 1845, nearly 95 years old. 

Children were: 

Dorcas, born 1779. 

Abner, born 1781. 

George, born 1783. 

Other children of which we have no record : 

Albon Crocker, 1799. 


The following transfer of property is recorded page 379, Book A, 
Ontario County, transferred to Wayne County, New York : 

To all people to whom these presents — 

Know ye that I John Reynolds of East Greenwich, in the County 
of K'ent in the state of Rhode Island &c, yeoman, for and in considera- 
tion of the love, good will and affection that I have and do bear to my 
sister Mary Gardner now residing in Jerusalem in the County of On- 
tario and state of New York &c, and to assist her in her needy circum- 
stances, do give, grant, bargain convey and confirm and by these pres- 
ents do absolutely give, grant, bargain, convey and confirm unto the 
said Mary Gardner, and to her heirs and assigns separate distinct and 
exclusive of her husband George Gardner of the County of Washing- 
ton and state of Rhode Island A certain tract or parcel of land situated 
lying and being in the county of Ontario, containing ten acres, in lot 
N'o. two, in the Gore (so called) said lot was surveyed by Jabez French 
August ye ist 1793 which appears by his draught of the same, and the 
hereby conveyed premises is bounded as followeth. Beginning on the 
north line of said lot No. two where the brook running from near 
Elnathan Bartford's house crosses the same, thence nearly south about 
thirty rods to a crooked winding white oak tree marked S. C. thence 
east parallel with the north line of said lot, No. two, so far that a line 
running north to said north line will cut off said ten acres of land, thence 
north to said north line — thence west along said west line to place of 
beginning, and is part of the land which James Parker William Potter 
and Thomas Hathaway have a patent from the people of the state of 
New York, for, Together with all and singular the rights hereditaments 
and appurtenances to the same belonging, or in any wise appertaining, 
Excepting and reserving to the people of the state all the gold and sil- 
ver. To have and to hold the above described and granted premises 
unto her the said Mary Gardner and to her heirs and assigns forever, 
as a good indefeasable estate of inheritance forever, hereby giving and 
granting to the said Mary Gardner the full and sole power of occupying 
and selling and disposing of the above described premises as fully and 
completely as if she was legally discharged from her said husband. 

196 OARDNiat 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 
twenty sixth day of August in the year of our Lord One Thousand 
Seven Hundred and ninety six. 

Executed in the presence of 

Oliver Parker, 

James Parker. 

John Reynolds, S. 

Ontario County, 

Be it remembered that on the eighteenth day of June One Thous- 
and Eight Hundred came before me, Arnold Potter one of the Judges 
of said County, James Parker to me personally known, and made oath 
that he saw John Reynolds with whom he was acquainted execute the 
above instrument as his valuntary act for the use and purposes therein 
mentioned & that he with Oliver Parker signed the same as witnesses in 
the presence of each other. I have examined it and finding therein no 
erasures, or interlineations do allow it recorded. 

Arnold Parker. 

I certify the foregoing to be a true copy of the original recorded ex- 
amined and compared this 13 day of May, 1801, 9 o'clock A. M. 


Benony (4), Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Othniel, son of Benony and Elizabeth ( ) Gardner, was born 

1742 in Rhode Island ; died 1783. He married Lydia Reynolds, a famous 
beauty; after his death, she married a Babcock. Othniel Gardner, with 
wife Lydia, removed from Block Island, R. I., to Stephentown, N. Y., 
about 1769. In 1775 he signed a compact to organize a new colonial 
government of New York State. He was an officer in the Revolutionary 
army. He died at Petersburg, N. Y., leaving a family of six children, 
and was buried in the Reynolds cemetery at Petersburg. His two old- 
est sons were born in Exeter, R. I. He was sheriff of the county during 
the Revolution. 

George, born 1766; died 1840; married Louisa Dawley. 

Jesse> born 1768, removed to the west. 

Elizabeth, born 1770, married a Mr. West. 

Lucy, born 1772, married Francis Moone. 

Charlotte, bom 1774. 

Asa, born 1776; died at Troy, N. Y., 1820. 

Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (1). 

John, son of Caleb and Amy (Aylsworth) Gardner, was born Au- 
gust 19, 1778, at Hancock, Massachusetts; died January 10, 1863; mar- 
ried Lydia, daughter of Daniel and Abigail (Hall) Gardner, March 22, 
1798. She was born February i, 1779; died September 7, 1841. 

Children were: 

John H., born January 2, 1799; died August 25, 1821. 

Minerva B., born November 14, 1800. 


Silas H., born January 17, 1803; died September 6, 1857. 
Daniel H., born November 7, 1807; died September 8, 1875. 
Lydia L., born April 30, 1810. 


Alse (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (1). 

Lucy Brockway, daughter of Justus and Alse (Gardner) Brockway, 
married, first, Mr. Curtis, second, Stephen Maine. 
One child was born to them: 
Orlando G. Maine. 


Alse (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (1). 

Samuel Brockway, son of Justus and Alse (Gardner) Brockway, . 

His children were: 

Susan, who married Orelias Weh^^r. No further record. 





Alse (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

George Brockway, son of Justus and Alse (Gardner) Brockway, 
was born April 24, 1781. Died January 27, 1846. Married, first, Su- 
sanna Shaw, July 11, 181 1. Second, Susanna Babcock December 31, 

Their children were: 

Hiram Franklin, born January 30, 1812. Died September 14, 1832. 

Alse, born January 10, 1814. 

George W., born June 21, 1816. 

Susanna, born January 30, 1820. Died August 16, 1822. 

John S., born April 15, 1821. 

Polly, born February 12, 1823. 

Sally Ann (Sarah), born April 8, 1825. 

Justus, born June 8, 1827. 

Silas, February 18, 1829. 

David, August 31, 1830. 

Susan Mariah, born September 13, 1834. 

Orlando, born April 19, 1836. 


Alse (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Alse Gardner, dauehter of Justus and Alse (Gardner) Brockway, 
married, first, George Worden, second Orelias Webster. 


Children by her first husband all died young. Children by second 
husband were: 

Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Simeon, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Olin) Gardner, was born 
in Rhode Island, Oct. 22, 1754; died at Stephentown, N. Y., Sept. 18, 
1817. He had three wives, the first was Louise — who died June 28, 1793, 
in the 42d year of her age and is buried in the upper cemetery on the 
Rufus Sweet farm. His second wife was Dorcas, who died June 28, 
1813, in the 63rd year of her age, and is buried beside his parents by the 
house on the Rufus Sweet farm. His third wife was Abigail, who died 
Apr. II, 1867, in her 89th year. We have record of only one child who 
was born of the last wife: 

Simeon, Jr., died May 9, 1831, aged 15 years. 

Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Caleb Gardner, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Olin) Gardner, 
was born Feb. 14, 1768; died May 19, 1842; married Eunice Northup, 
August 20, 1789. She was born 1766; died Nov. 12, 1840. Both are 
buried in the Baptist cemetery at Stephentown, New York. 

Children were: 

Caleb, Jr., born Oct. 30, 1789; died January 9, 1861. 

Olive, born Mar. 23, 1792. 

Ira, born Jan. 23, 1794; died March 11, 1869. 

George, born May 22, 1796; died Sept., 1865. 

Nicholas, born May 4, 1798; died November 16, 1872. 

Francis, born May 4, 1798; died November, 1877. 

Sylvester, born Mar. 10, 1801 ; died March 10, 1888. 

Israel, born Aug. 10, 1803; died November 28, 1845. 

Caleb Gardner became a large land owner, owning and occupying 
about four hundred acres north of Stephentown, N. Y. He built and 
lived in the house which still stands at this present writing. No deaths 
have ever occurred in this house although it has always been occupied. 
He was a member of the Baptist church of Stephentown, N. Y., and is 
buried in the Baptist cemetery. 


Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel and Martha (Brown) Gardner, 
was born July 6, 1770, in Exeter, R. I., died August 18, 1856, in Han- 
cock, Mass. Married Griffin Eldridge, of Hancock, April 30, 1788, son 
of Thomas E., who came from Rhode Island. Eight children were born 
to them, and their many descendants are now residing in Williamstown 
and Hancock, Mass. Deacon Lyman Eldridge was a grandson of theirs. 

We were unable to get the names of the children. 


Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3)1 George (2), George (1). 

Martha or Patty, daughter of Nathaniel and Martha (Brown) Gard- 
ner, was born in Exeter, R. I. Married Griffin Reynolds, Sept. 22, 1793. 
Children : 
Clark R. ; married Almira Persons. 


Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Eunice Gardner, daughter of Nathaniel and Martha (Brown) Gard- 
ner, was born November 19, 1773. Died May 6, 1851. Married Daniel 
Smith, son of William Smith of Hancock. He was born December 9, 
1769. Died November 28, 1838. Their children were born as follows: 

Infant, born Aug. 9, 1790; died Aug. 9, 1790. 

Hannah, born July 4, 1791 ; died Mar. 25, 1870. 

Rebecca, born May 28, 1793 ; died Feb. 7, 1872. 

Augustus, born June 21, 1795; died June 4, 1852. 

Gardner, born May 16, 1797; died June 18, 1849. 

William, born June 17, 1799; died Mar. 10, 1884. 

Hiram, born June 17, 1801 ; died Apr. 24, 1823. 

Amanda Malvina, born Apr. i, 1803; ^^^^ Mar. 27, 1845. 

Waty, born July 17, 1805; died Apr. 18, 1894. 

Sally Mariah, born Olct. 21, 1807; died Sept. 15, 1869. 

Eliza Cranston, born Dec. 20, 1809; died Aug. 11, 1841. 

Lydia Caroline, born Jan. 15, 1812; died Feb. 17, 1833. 

Ethima Laruna, born Apr. 21, 1814; died May 21, 1814. 


Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Mary Gardner, daughter of Nathaniel and Martha (Brown) Gard- 
ner, was born Aug. 12, 1784, in Hancock, Mass. Married Oliver Cott- 
rell, Mar. 16, 1800. They reared a large family. One son Joshua estab- 


lished a fur store in Albany, N. Y., which was continued after his death 
as Cottreil and Leonard. Mary died in Albany at the residence of her 
son Joshua. 


Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Robert Gardner, son of Nathaniel'and Martha (Brown) Gardner, 
was born February 3, 1766; died April 9, 1846, at Hiancock, Mass. Mar- 
ried Amy Arnold, March 14, 1786. She was born November 18, 1765; 
died April 26, 1838. 

Children were : 

Perry Green, born May 28, 1787; died Aug. 20, 1856; married Esther 
Ely, Jan. 16, 1810. 

Honor, born Sept. 10, 1789; died Jan. 27, 1875; became (2) wife of 
Norman South worth, of Coldwater, Mich. Judge Charles Legg of that 
place was a grandson. There are also other descendants of her in Cold- 

Sarah, born Aug. 13, 1791 ; died Feb. i, 1817; married Norman 

Nathaniel, born Oct. 23, 1793. 

James, born May 18, 1797; died May 7, 1830; married Laura Haz- 
ard. His descendants are living in Detroit, Mich., and southern Wis- 

Martha, born March 30, 1800; died Jan. 14, 1814. 

Nicholas, born Feb. 6, 1802; died Mar. 7, 1875; married Dorcas 
Hadsell. He had two sons, James and William, both died unmarried. 


Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Joshua, son of Nathaniel and Martha (Brown) Gardner, was born 
March 11, 1764; died Feb. 2, 1830; married Lydia, daughter of Palmer 
and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner. She was born 1768; died Nov. 16, 1838. 
Lived on the old farm home in the town of White Creek, Washington 
Co., N. Y. Both are buried in the old cemetery at Waite Corners. 

Their children were: 

Ann (Nancy), born Oct. 10, 1791 ; married Eliphalet Dyer. 

Ishmael, born Feb. 9, 1789; married Cynthia Dyer. 

Daniel, lived to be over 70; died of spinal disease; unmarried. 

Joshua E., born Dec. 17, 1805 ; married Julia Russell, sister of 

Delia, born June 16, 1799; married (i) Rev. John Alley, (2) Chris 
topher Snyder. 

Susan, born May 6, 1802; married George Russell. 

Eunice Minerva, born Feb. 10, 181 1 ; married Reuben Ely Gorton. 

Lydia, born Aug. 20, 1796; died Aug. 20, 1798. 

Lydia Louise, born Jan. 5, 1808; married Sylvester Milliman. 

Robert H., born Aug. 10, 1818; died Feb. 22, 1819. 

Edward D., born Oct. 22, 1822; died Mar. 9, 1823. 

Julia, born May 18, 1832 ; died July 28, 1833. 


Joshua Gardner, born March ii, 1764, in Exeter, Rhode Island, 
came with his parents to Hancock, Berkshire County, Mass., in about 
1774-5. After his marriage he settled >in Arguile, Wash. Co., N. Y. On 
March 17, 1791, he moved to the town of White Creek, also Wash. Co., 
purchasing a farm of David Sprague. Hiere in 181 3 he built a brick 
house, one of the first of the kind in the county. Here he lived in 
Baronial style. Was captain of the military company of ilie town and 
annually for many years dined his company and others of the regiment, 
giving them ox-roasts. The Douglass family were near friends and 
made them frequent visits with Stephen A. (later the Hon. and nominee 
for U. S. Presidency) who was then a babe. 

Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Abigail Gardner, daughter of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gard- 
ner, was born March 2, 1764, in West Greenwich, R. I.; died 1825; mar- 
ried Samuel Dyer, son of George and Ann (Nichols) Dyer. He was 
born April i, 1761 ; died . His parents removed from West Green- 
wich to Hancock, Mass., where their farm was near that of Palmer and 
the cousins grew up together. 

Their children were: 

Nichols, no issue. 

Mary, married Mr. Mascraft (or Masters). 



Hannah, married Daniel Lum of Geneva, N. Y. 


Nancy, married Dr. O. P. Laird, of Oneida Castle, N. Y. Two 
children: Orville, and Kate who married Harvey Woodford, of Canas- 
tota, N. Y. They lived at Deerfiel'd, N. Y., near Utica. 


Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), George (i). 

Dorcas Gardner, daughter of Palmer and Hiannah (Nichols) Gard- 
ner, was born at West Greenwich, R. I., 1766; died in Floyd township, 
Oneida Co., N. Y., about 1813; married Nathan Townsend about 1784, 
at Hancock, Mass. He was born in 1764 at Cornwall Bridge, Conn. 

Children : 

Nathan, born Jan., 1785; died Dec. 3, 1799. 

Gardner, born Aug. 26, 1786. 

William, born 1788; died Sept. 29, 1868. ' 




Rhoda, born about 1797. 


Nathaniel, born June 24, 1804; died 1864. 




Nathan Townsend was fourth in line from Martin Townsend of 
Watertown, Mass., whose lineage is traced by Martin I. Townsend, of 
Troy, N. Y., to Hinton in the Hedges and Paynham, Norfolkshire, Eng., 
where William the Conqueror bestowed lands upon one of his generals, 
named De Haville, from whom sprang the Townsends of England, Ire- 
land and America. 

Jonathan, son of Martin, of Watertown, Mass., settled in Hebron, 
Conn., in 1713. Martin, second son of Jonathan, born 1728, married 
Rhoda Ingham of Hebron, April 29, 1753. In 1765 in company with his 
brother Amasa, Martin removed by way of Cornwall Bridge upon the 
Hbusatonic River and Stockbridge, Mass., to Hancock. Asa Douglas, 
great-grandfather of Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, they found located near 

The journey from Conecticut was made by Martin with the aid of 
one horse on which Mrs. Townsend rode with her 'infant son Nathan, 
and on which their household stuff was also loaded, while the father 
and the two elder children, Hannah and Martin, made their toilsome 
way on foot, along the bridle trail. 

Till a log house could be erected shelter was found beneath a roof 
of boughs supported by crotched stakes in front of a huge bass wood log. 

Six hundred acres of excellent land were here purchased and event 
ually brought under cultivation. Martin, before his death in 1800, saw 
his children married and established in circumstances of comfort and 

In 1800 Nathan Townsend and wife Dorcas, removed to the Town 
of Floyd, twelve miles north of Utica, N. Y., and there spent the re- 
mainder of their lives. 

In this locality Mr. Townsend took up 1,000 acres of the richest and 
most beautiful land in the state and upon this farm raised a numerous 
and stalwart family, placing them in most comfortable circumstances. 

Rhoda (Ingham) Townsend removed from Hancock, Mass., to 
Floyd, N. Y., and passed the later years of her widowhood with her son, 
dying in 1823 at the advanced age of 92. 

Nathan Townsend was a man influential and highly esteemed in: the 
community, and was a member of the State Legislature in 1812-13. He 
attained the age of 90 years and his sons, William, Palmer, Ingham and 
Gardner all exceeded four score years. 


Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sylvester Gardner son of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner, 
was born at Hancock, Mass., August 11, 1770; died July 30, 1830, at 
Eagle Village, N. Y. He married Sarah Cogswell (7), Solomon (6), 
Nathan (5), Joseph (4), Samuel (3), John (2), John (i), of Hancock, 
Mass., April 26, 1798. She was born Feb. 26, 1775, at Hancock; died 
July 12, 1853. 

Their children were: 

Palmer, born Feb. 23. 1803 ; died Jan. 19, 1888, 

Hannah, born Sept, 15, 1806. 



Dorcas, born Jan. 20, 1809; died Aug. 4, 1832. 

Sylvester Cogswell, born Mar. 24, 181 1 ; died Sept. 7, 1869. 

William Ndchols, born July 22, 1813 ; died Aug. 24, 1839. 

Sarah Ann, born Feb. 6, 1815; died Jan. 3, 1894. 

In 1810 Mr. Gardner removed with his family to Manlius, Onon- 
daga Co., X. Y., and resided upon a farm at Eagle Village, two miles 
east, until his death. His wife survived him twenty-three years. He 
was Assemblyman at Albany in 1822. He was a man of tremendous 
energy and of a genial spirit which made him a general favorite through- 
out the countryside. He and his wife were members of Christ Church 
(Eipiscopal) in Manlius, one of the first churches built in Onondaga 

A word as to how Mr. Gardner came to settle in Manlius, N. Y. 
His wife had a sister Chloe, who married Major Joseph Strong arid died 
in Fabius, N. Y., iii 1799. Major Strong's second wife, Lucy Elderkin, 
of Manlius, wished him to be a merchant. Accordingly he opened up 
a store in Manlius and one at Onondaga Valley. To stock these he bor- 
rowed $1,000 from his brother-in-law Sylvester. Unable to pay this, he 
turned over to Mr. Gardner his farm and residence at Eagle Village, 
two miles east of Manlius and removed to Ohio. The house was new 
and handsome; it commanded a superb view westward across the val- 
ley to Pompey and northward to the limits of the county at Oneida 
Lake. A double row of Lombardy poplars marked the spot for miles 
around. The farm consisted of 150 acres of choice land, only 20 of which 
were under cultivation. While clearing the rest of it Sylvester also con- 
ducted a general store at E!agle Village in partnership with Thomas 
Cranston, a man of Rhode Island origin. He kept open house for his 
kinfolk from the east in their migration westward. 

Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Mary, daughter of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner, was 
born at Hancock, Mass., June 17, 1772; died Sept. 6, 1853. She married 
John Wilson, of Hancock. Their farm was next south of her father's. 
John died in Htemcock. Mary died in Smyrna, N. Y., at the home of her 
son Samuel. 

Children: ' ' 

Samuel W., born Jan. 15, 1792. 

Sally C, born July 10 1795; married Nathaniel Gardner (7) of the 
George (2) line, Feb. 11, 1820. See record of Nathaniel. 

Lydia, born at Hancock, Mass., Apr. 20, 1803; married Heman Hand 
of Hancock. 


Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Joseph N., son of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner, was born 
at Hancock, Mass., November 14, 1773; died at Stanbridge, Quebec, 

204 oaadker 

November 22, 1845. H'e married Deborah, daughter of James Reynolds, 
Sr., about 1800. She died in April, 1846. 

Children were: 

Two sons who died in Hancock. 

Morency, born Aug. 12, 1805, at Hancock Hill, Stanbridge, P. Q. 

Lester, born Feb. 7,. 1808. 

James Palmer, born Apr. 25, 1812. 

Susan, born Jan. 10, 1814; died 1901 ; unmarried. 

Emily, born Sept. 7, 1817. 

Orcelia, born Sept. 6, 1821. 

Calista, born Sept. 2, 1824. 

A daughter who died in infancy. 

James Reynolds, Sr., father of Mrs. Gardner, settled at St. Armand, 
Quebec, south of Stanbridge, a little prior to 1812. The wife of James 
Reynolds, Jr., Deborah's brother, was Hannah Gardner, who was, per- 
haps, a daughter of Hannah Reynolds and Sylvester (5), Nicholas (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). James Reynolds, Jr., and Han- 
nah settled at Stanbridge at the time Joseph Nichols Gardner and De- 
borah did, viz: 1812. Patience Reynolds, a sister of Deborah and James. 
Jr., married Tamplin Smith, of Hancock, son of William Walker and 
Polly (Tamplin) Smith, and brother of Daniel and Willard, who mar- 
ried Eunice Gardner (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George 
(2), George (i), and Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i), respectively. After her mar- 
riage Eunice declined to return with Daniel to Canada; so Daniel and 
Willard exchanged farms and Amy rode the 200 miles to Canada on 
horseback. One of the points where this little colony from Massachu- 
setts settled they named Hancock Hill. 

Joseph Nichols Gardner and his wife Deborah are buried in a family 
burying ground within sight of their farm home at Stanbridge. Their 
graves are marked by grey marble slabs, which are (1906) in a good 
state of preservation. 

Though he had lived in Stanbridge for a few years prior to 1808 
it was in 181 2 that Joseph Nichols Gardner settled there permanently. 
His sympathies were with the British government. Theologically his 
ideas differed from those of his Baptist kindred at Hancock, and he be- 
came a devout Universalist. Death found him, Bible in hand, discussing 
theology from the standpoint of his persuasion. After his removal to 
Canada, communication between him and his relatives at Hancock and 
in New York State would seem to have been infrequent and as a result 
in the next generation the families knew practically nothing of each 

They were brought again into touch as the result of conversation 
in which Rev. William Gardner, Rio, Wis., chanced to engage a fellow 
passenger in southern Vermont the summer of 1904. The man was 
Judson Sornberger, of Manchester, Vt., who stated that he was born in 
Stanbridge near Hancock Hill; that his grandfather, William Smith, 
removed thither from Hancock, Mass., and that his boyhood recollec- 
tions of the locality included the name "Palmer Garner," as the sur- 
name was pronounced there in Canada. 

Investigation proved that William Smith was a brother of Tamplin, 
Daniel, Willard and Nathaniel, and that the union of the names Palmer 


and Gardner was not a mere coincidence and that "Old Nick," as he 
is to this day affectionately styled throughout the locality, was no myth, 
but a very substantial and influential citizen of the Dominion, and the 
progenitor of a large group of grandchildren and great-grandchildren 
who were totally in the dark as to whether their grandsire had any 
brothers and sisters and what were his antecedents back of Hancock, 
Mass. They were already querying dubiously among themselves as to 
their problematical cousins in the States ; and eager to learn the :ruth 
concerning them. ^ The discovery has therefore been a mutual delight. 

Helen Gardner Stanton has very kindly acted as sponsor and his- 
torian of her house and receiving Miss Sarah Gardner, sister of Rev. 
William Gardner, Rio, Wis., as a guest last May (1906) introduced her 
to the numerous cousins throughout the neighborhood. 

The utility of a family history is illustrated by the following cir- 
cumstance: In Sherbrooke resided, as was found, two second cousins, 
granddaughters of Abigail (6), and Joseph Nichols (6). When an at- 
tempt was made to bring them together it developed that for ten years 
they had been well acquainted and co-workers in the Congregational 
Church, all unaware of the kinship which existed between them, but, 
sad to say, Lily Dyer Morey had passed away shortly before and to her 
acquaintance with Eva Gardner Hubbard was" denied the additional 
charm of cousinship. 

Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Palmer, son of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner, was born 
in Hancock, Mass., March 14, 1775; died in Hancock, July 9, 1817. He 
married Rhoda Greene, March 14, 1801. She was born Oct. 18, 1781; 
died January i, 1852. Palmer was a shoemaker and tanner. His tan- 
nery was upon the Kinderhook Creek at the foot of Potter mountain at 
the north end of the village of Hancock. He was a man of large phy- 
sique, weighing 300 pounds. He was buried beside his parents in the 
small triangular field just across the street from the old home. Neither 
his nor his parents' graves are marked today. 

Children were: 

Hannah, born in Rhode Island Nov. 24, 1803; died in Syracuse, N. 
Y., May 30, 1890. 

Sarah, born in Hancock, Dec. 25, 1805 ; died 1876. 

Sylvester, born in Hanzock, Feb. 9, 1808; was of a roving disposi- 
tion ; strayed from home ; engaged in rafting and was never heard from 

Emeline, born Aug. 24, 1810; died Sept. 7, 1845. 

Patience Calsina, born in Hancock, Mass., Aug. 31, 1813; died Dec. 
4, 1906, at Sioux City, Iowa. Buried at Fayetteville, N. Y. 

Marietta, born Apr. 4, 1816; died Apr. 10, 1837. She was adopted 
by her cousin, Rhoda McViccar, and is interred in the McViccar lot in 
the village cemetery at Fayetteville, N. Y. 


Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), George (i). 

Amy, daughter of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner, was born 
in Hancock, Mass.. Feb., 1777; died Jan. 23, 1870, at the home of her 
son Ezekiel, in Elkhorn, Wis. She married Willard Smith, son of Wil- 
liam and Polly (TampHn) Smith, of Hancock, Mass., in 1794. He died 
1850 and both are buried at Lafayette, Walworth Codnty, Wis. They 
lived for a while in Hancock, upon the corner just north of her father's ; 
they then exchanged farms with his brother Daniel, since Eunice Gard- 
ner, after her marriage to Daniel, refused to go to Canada with him. 
Amy made the journey of 200 miles to Canada on horseback. Later 
they resided in Mannsville, Jefferson County, N. Y. 

Children were: 

Sylvester Gardner, born June 16, 1796; died June 24, 1879. 

Mary Ann (Polly), born Sept. 7, 1798; died Mar., 1853. 

Palmer, died in Canada at the age of two years of smallpox. 

Hannah Gardner, born Nov. 17, 1804-5, ^^ Canada; died 1897-8. 

William Walker, born Jan., 1807; died 1870. 

Ezekiel Brown, born Feb. 17, 1809; died Mar. 10, 1884. 

Annie Maria, born Jan. 23, 181 1 ; died Dec. 17, 1892. 

Daniel P., born Feb. 4, 1813; died in Hancock, Mass., aged 11 years. 

Harriet Newell, born Jan. 27, 1815; died Sept. 22, 1900, at Macon, 

Charlotte E., born Apr. 26, 1817; died 1893. 

Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (a), George (i). 

John, son of Nathaniel and Marcy (Spencer) Gardner, was born 
P^eb. 22, 1791, at Stephentown, Rensselaer Co., New York. Married 
Feb., 1824, to Elizabeth Smith, daughter of John and Mary (Harris) 
Smith, of Lebanon, New York. 

Nine children were born to them : 

John Smith, born June 12, 1825. 

Job, born March 27, 1827. 

Amanda Malvina, born July 24, 1829. 

Frances Helen, born April 28, 1831. 

Lucy M., born April 19, 1834. 

Desevignia Starks, Nov. 14, 1837. 

William D. Stead, Oct. 13, 1839. 

Nathaniel, July 21, 1844. 

Mary Elizabeth, Aug. 17, 1847. 

Mr. Gardner remained at the home of his birth until Nov., 1856, 
when he removed to West Point, Wis., where he followed the occupa- 
tion of a farmer until his death, Aug. 28, 1879. 

He enlisted as a soldier in the war of 1812 and served until the close 
of the war. Mrs. Gardner died Nov. 23, 1879. 


Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (a), George (i). 

Charles, son of Nathaniel and Marcy (Spencer) Gardner, was born 
May 13, 1793, at Stephentown, New York; died Apr. 9, 1892; married 
Lucy Ammerman April 10, 1823. She died Feb. 25, 1890. 

Five children were born to them : 




Byron, deceased. 

Alfred, deceased. 

Mr. Gardner remained at home until the death of his father in 1813 
and then apprenticed himself to a wool carder and cloth dresser. In 
March, 1815, with his trade as his capital, a few dollars in money, his 
wardrobe tied in a handkerchief, he started for Ohio alone on foot in 
search of a new home. He wandered through the southern and central 
part of Ohio and as far north as Southern Michigan until June, 1816. 
Oti his return home he reached Norwalk, Ohio. Here he thought he 
had reached the desired goal, and in a short time was on his way back 
to Stephentown. In December of the same year he, with his brother 
Richard, started for their new home, locating on the Huron river, near 
the center of Peru township in Huron County. Mr. Gardner died April 
9, 1892. Mrs. Gardner died Feb. 25, 1890. 

Othniel (5), Benony (4), Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

George Gardner, son of Othniel and Lydia (Reynolds) Gardner, 
was born in 1766, in Rhode Island. Died 1840, at Troy, N. Y. Married 
Louisa Dawley. 

Children were: 

Emma, married John Patterson, of Troy, N. Y., and was mother of 
Elias J. Patterson, a lawyer of Broadway, New York City. 

Olivia, married Blias Patterson, of Troy, N. Y., and was mother of 
Commodore Thomas Patterson of the United States Navy. 

Daniel, Born Aug. 21, 1799; died Jan. 12, 1863. 

Mary, married Dr. C. S. Goodrich, of Troy, N. Y. 

Jane, died single. 

Louisa, married John A. Hall, of Troy, N. Y. 

He was at one time Judge of the County Court. The first news- 
paper published in Troy, N. Y., was "The Recorder,'' a small four- 
column page folio. The only two extant copies known are No. 208 of 
Vol. IV. preserved in the library of the Troy Young Men's Association, 
issued on Tuesday, Augf. 18, 179^;, "printed by George Gardner, near 
the court house," and No. 192, Vol. Ill, printed at Lansingburgh,. on 
Tuesday, April 28, 1796, by Gardner and Hill. 



George (5), Ezekicl (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), George (i). 

Dorcas, daughter of George and Mary (Reynolds) Gardner, was 
born 1779; married Eleazer Ingraham, Jr.. They lived some years in the 
Friend's Settlement and subsequently removed to Pultney, where both 
died in advanced age. 

Children were: 








George (5), Eizekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Abner, son of George and Mary (Reynolds) Gardner, was born 
1781 ; married Mary, daughter of Rowland Champlin, 1814. She was 
born in Vermont in 1795. They lived and died on lot 22. He died i860, 
she in 1858. 

Children were: 

Mary S., died 1839, aged 24 years. Single. 

George W., 

Rowland J., 


George (5), Elzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

George, son of George and Mary (Reynolds) Gardner, was born 
1783; died 1866; married Lydia A., daughter of Peleg Gifford. She died 
1854, aged 59 years. 

Children were: 

Mary, married John Bartholomew of Milo, N. Y., died leaving three 
children: Cecelia, Lewis, Sarah. 

Ruth, married Perry Bills and moved to Ohio. 

Abner, married Miss Warner of Cohocton, where they settled. Four 

Phebe, married Peter French of Naples and died leaving five cril- 

George, married (i) Agnes Welker of Barrington, (2) Miss Dem- 
ing of Barrington. Two children were born of each marriage: Almeda, 
Byron, Ulysses G., and one other. 

Lydia, single, resided with her brother George. 


Nathaniel (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Benjamin, son of Nathaniel and Eunice (Sunderlin) Gardner, was 
born July 22, 1778; died Aug. i, 1854; married Polly Allen, Sept, 7, 
1805. She was born Dec. 31, 1805; died April 14, 1864. 

Children were: 

Maria, born June 2, 1806; died July 18, 1882. 

Amanda, born Nov. 12, 1807; died Aug. 14, 1891. 

Ann, born July 17, 1809; died . 

Dewitt, born Mar. 28, 1819; died Nov. 15, 1897. 

Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner, was 
born April i, 1781 ; died Oct. 9, 1825, is buried at Eagle Village, Man- 
lius, N. Y. She was married, Dec. 25, 1805, to Robert Henry, son of 
Isaac. He was born April 20, 1779; died at Medina, Ohio, Sept. 29, 1862. 
Was a wagon maker by trade. Farmer in Ohio. They lived in Cam- 
bridge, N. Y., and later at Eagle Village. After the death of his wife, 
Hannah, Robert Henry married (2) Almira (Clark) Scouten and re- 
moved to Ohio in 1833. 

Children by Hannah were: 

Sylvester G., born Dec. 15, 1806; died Sept. 17, 1887. 

Isaac R., born April 22, 1810; married Mary Ranson and died Aug. 
II, 1862, at Olmstead Cuyahoga Co., Ohio. 

Myron H., born Aug. 16, 1812; died January 12, 1874. 

James Harvey, born July 23, 1815; died April, 1884. 

Milton Dyer, born Dec. 23, 1817; married Mary Ann Boyd; died 
March 17, 1904-5, at Independence, Kan. 

Hannah Maria, born April 10, 1820; married Marcus Prentiss Ash- 
ley; living at Hawarden, Iowa, with her son James Alton. She is the 
survivor of her generation. 

Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Daniel, son of Palmer and Hannah (Nichols) Gardner, was born 
1783; died 1853. He married Lenchie (or Diana) Van Buren, of Dutch 
Stock, a relative of President Van Buren. They lived at Berlin, N. Y., 
where Daniel kept a store. It is said that Daniel had a very sweet, 
musical voice and was often paid five dollars for a single performance 
of singing. 

Children were: 

Jane Anne, 

Polly Anne. 

James Van der Poel, born in Hancock, Mass., 1808; died in Utica, 
N. Y., 1882. He married (i) Miss Webber, (2) Miss Williams, (3) 
Sophia Wells Williams, 1846. The following is from the Utica Herald: 


"James V. P. Gardner, one of the oldest and best known residents 
of the city and one of the pioneers in the stage line business, died of 
paralysis Saturday, aged 74 years. His funeral services were held at the 
Reformed Church yesterday afternoon and was largely attended. Mr. 
Gardner came to this city in 1825 since which time he has resided here. 
He went directly into the office of Jason Parker as book-keeper; and 
afterwards became associated in business with F. S. Faxton, Silas D. 
Childs and John Butterfield in conducting a line of stages from Albany 
to Buffalo. His associates of those days have all passed away and he 
was probably the last representative of the stage route pioneers of 
Utica's early days. When the railroad was built from the east to the 
west, he still conducted stage routes running north and south. He was 
associated with John Butterfield in running a line of stages from Utica 
as far as Ogdensburg and later he was interested with S. Brownell in 
running a line of stages from Utica to Norwich. About the year 1855 
he went to California by the overland route, settling up with the agents 
and making contracts for the Oiverland company. After his return he 
was for some time engaged in business with the Overland company in 
New York. From the time when he first came to Utica in 1825 up to 
the year 1866 was engaged in the stage business. A year before the 
Utica, Chenango and Susquehanna Valley railroad was built he sold his 
stage route running to Norwich. He came to Utica a poor boy and by 
his industry and enterprise accumulated considerable wealth. 

Since retiring from the stage business, however, he lost much of his 
property by unfortunate investment. He lived at the corner of Genesee 
and Cottage Streets till 1874 when the house was sold. 

Mr. Gardner was a self-made man of high character and public 
spirited. He was always kind to those in trouble and very generous. 
He was a member of the Reformed Church since he came to Utica and 
gave to it liberally of his means. He was thrice married. His first wife 
was a daughter of Edward Webber of Vernon. His second wife was a 
daughter of Thomas Williams of Vernon. His third wife, who sur- 
vived him, is a daughter of the late William Williams who at one time 
conducted a printing establishment on the site of the Herald office. He 
leaves an adopted son, Dr. Dwight Gardner. Mr. Gardner will be 
missed most by the older residents of the City." 

Sophia Wells (Williams) Gardner, third and last wife of James V. 
P. Gardner, was one of sixteen children. Her father Col. William Wil- 
liams was a printer in Utica. He was of Puritan stock, and his father 
Thomas Williams participated in the Boston Tea Party and was one 
of the Roxbury Minute men. Her brother S. Wells Williams was n 
famous missionary, diplomatist and scholar in China and acted as interp- 
reter for Matthew Galbraith Perry at Yeddo in 1854. Another brother, 
Henry Dwight Williams was comimssioner of imperial customs in 
China; while still another, Rev. W. Fredric Williams, was a pioneer 
missionary in Turkey. 

Henry Dwight Williams, son of Frederic, was adopted by Mr. Gard- 
ner. He was educated at Hamilton College and the college of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons in New York, but his promising career as practi- 
tioner in Utica was cut short by death in 1883. His brother, Talcott 
Williams, is editor of the Philadelphia Press and prominent in literary 


Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), George (i). 

Abigail, daughter of Daniel and Alice (Hall) Gardner, was born at 
Hancock, Mass., Nov. 16, 1777; died 1852. She married Francis Willet, 
son of Nicholas and Deborah (Vincent) Gardner, Dec. 15, 1797, at 
Hancock. He was born at Exeter, R. I. ; died in Moravia, N. Y., in 1856. 

Children : 

Joseph, born August 12, 1797. 

Benjamin, born June 6, 1799; died in Moravia, N. Y., 1868. He 
married Ann Eliza , March 16, 1819. 

Child, born March 20, 1800; died April 3, 1801. 

Child, born Jan. 13, 1801 ; died Jan. 13, 1801. 

Teressa, born Dec. 12, 1802; died July 9, 1809. 

Lydia, born May 28, 1805; died Jan. 31, 1838. 

Daniel W., born May 15, 1807; died 1879. He married Mary Ken- 
yon Feb. 9, 1837. 

Child, born May 20, 1809; died May 20, 1809. 

Deborah, born Apr. 13, 1810; married William Parker, Dec. 23, 1835. 

Nicholas P., born March 3, 1813; died June 3, 1813. 

Minerva P., born March 3, 1813; died in Moravia, N. Y., 1876. Mar- 
ried Cyreneus Sanford, March 8, 1839. 

Harrison Grey Otis, born Feb. 25, 1814; died April 28, 1894; mar- 
ried Elizabeth F. Reynolds, July 17, 1841. Two children: Abbey, de- 
ceased; Millard. 

Child, born Oct. 24, 1815; died Nov. 20, 1815. 

Nabby Louisa, born March 28, 1817; died Aug. 31, 1848, at Lyons, 

Willet A., born Jan. i, 1819; married Sally Sanford, March 8, 1839. 

Child, born Jan. i, 1820. 

Nicholas S., born Dec. 2, 1820; died 1882; married Sarah C. Gardner 
July 4, 1842. 


Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Elcy Gardner, daughter of Capt. Daniel and Christina (Hall) Gard- 
ner, was born December 29, 1796; died January 24, 1882, at Hancock, 
Mass. Married Rodney Dawley, son of Job and Lois (Stafford) Dawley, 
August 10, 1814, at Hancock, Mass. They settled in Hancock. Rodney 
died there December 18, 1880. 

Their children were : 

Lois C, born Sept. 11, 181.S; died in Hancock, Dec. 5, 1865; married 
Anson Temple, June 7, i860. No children. 

Silas G., born 1819; died Apr. 20, 1887; married Mary Eldridge. 

James Edward, born May 2, 1826: living. 

Charlotte O-. born Mar. 28, 1828; died Aug, 20» i886, at Hancock, 


Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sally Gardner, daughter of Capt. Daniel and Christina (Hall) Gard- 
ner, was born November 25, 1799; died June 23, 187 1 ; married Gardner 
Smith, son of Daniel and Eunice (Gardner) Smith, January 28, 1821. He 
was born May 16, 1797; died June 18, 1849. 

Their children were: 

Infant, born Nov. 3, 1821 ; died same date. 

Artalissa, born Dec. 17, 1822; died May 5, 1854. 

Daniel G., born 1824; died June 2, 1830. 

Aucelia M., born May 15, 1827; died Oct., 1903. 

Minerva S., died Mar. 23, 1868. 

Caroline, died Dec. 25, 1831. 

Mary C, born Dec. 26, 1831 ; living at Smyrna, N. Y. ; married 
Mortimer Gardner. 

Dwight, born Oct. 20, 1836; died Nov. 20-3, 1870. 

Delbert, born 1839; died Aug. 20, 1841. 


Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Palmer Gardner, son of Sylvester and Sarah (Cogswell) Gardner, 
was born at Hancock, Mass., Feb. 23, 1803. Died Jan. 19, 1888, at Bur- 
lington, Racine County, Wis. Married Margaret Williams of Manlius, 
Feb. 14, 1844. She died May 19, 1871, aged 49 years. He married (2) 
Mrs. Leontine E. Dezotell, April 21, 1872, who survived him till 1898. 
Mr. Gardner was educated at Troy Polytechnic, and was Civil engineer 
on the Welland canal. 

He had one child by his first wife : 

Lucretia May, born Nov. 24, 1844; died Jan. 19, 1865. She was edu- 
cated at Rockford College in Illinois. 

In 1840 he acquired a farm at Burlington, Wisconsin, where he spent 
his days. 

Mr. Gardner was a man of liberal belief, yet always as liberal in his 
gifts to the churches of Burlington. Down to old age he retained his 
fondness for the higher mathematics and also his memory of long pas- 
sages from the British poets. 


Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of Sylvester and Sarah (Cogswell) Gardner, was 
born at Hancock, Mass., Sept. 13, 1806; died Oct. 31, 1881. She mar- 
ried Evelyn Hart Porter, M. D., of Williamstown, Mass., Feb. i, 1826. 
He was born Julv u, 1801 ; died Oct. 22, 1875. Resided at Skaneateles, 
N. Y. 

Children were: 

Mortimer Gardner, born Oct. 26, 1826; died Nov. 24, 1863. Ht mar- 
ried Anna E. Tallman of Jersey City, N. J., April 22, 1858. 


Sarah Maria, born Aug. ii, 1828; died June 9, 1895. 

William, born Aug. 29, 1830; died 1884-5. ^^ married Julia Isa- 
bella Williams of East Hartford, Conn., Nov. 20, 1862. He was a phy- 
sician, employed at the Retreat for Insane at Hartford, and the Institu- 
tion for the Deaf and Dumb at Washington Heights, New York City. 
One son: William Evelyn Porter of New York City. 

Isabella, born June 2, 1833; died May 28, 1868. She married Wil- 
liam Porter Rhoades, Feb; 2^^ 1867. One daughter: Emma Belle, born 
May 27, 1868. Resides in California. 

Georges Geddes, born Feb. 12, 1835; died July 23, 1893. He mar- 
ried Mary G. GifFord of New Bedford, Mass., Oct. 17, 1866. Mr. Porter 
was a druggist and latterly proprietor of an iron foundry. 

James Sanford, born Dec. 19, 1837; died June 3, 1868. He was a 
physician and army surgeon. 

Mary Eliza, born May i, 1840; died May 20, 1888, was instructor 
upon the piano and organ, and organist of St. James church, Skanea- 

Edward Evelyn, born Sept. 25, 1842; died Oct. 26, 1872, in Orange, 
N. J. He married Mary F. Lyon of Utica, N. Y., Oct. 18, 1872. He 
was a physician and army surgeon. 

Emma Joanna, born Sept. 25, 1842; died Dec. 26, 1862. 

Henry Herbert, born Apr. 23, 1845 J di^d Feb. 5, 1846. 

A son, born Mar. 11, 1847; died Mar., 1847. 

Hannah (Gardner) Porter was a woman of queenly presence and 
rare endowments of mind and heart; a devoted wife and mother, a 
royal hostess and a devout church woman. The high esteem in which 
she was held locally is witnessed in the following poem by Miss Mary 
Elizabeth Beauchamp of Skaneateles: 

In Memoriam 
Hannah Gardner Porter 
Oct. 31, 1881. 

'Tis Hallowe'en and the trees are gay 
With the gorgeous beauty of decay; 
And the air is full of misty light 
That soothes and charms the languid sight. 

Beneath our feet and above our heads 
The golden drapery waves and spreads 
And full and ripe, like the Autumn day 
Is the life that is passing from earth away. 

With grace and beauty and culture blessed 
The richest gift of each state possessed 
As Christian, as wife, as mother, as friend 
How brilliant the tints and how soft they blend ! 

Blest are the dead who die in the Lord, 
They rest in peace, saith the mighty Word; 
But even there, in their places of rest 
Their works do follow the peaceful blest; 

And the good she has been and the good she has done 
Shall add to the bliss of the home she has won. 



Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Sylvester C. Gardner, son of Sylvester and Sarah (Cogswell) Gard- 
ner, was born March 24, 1811, at Manlius, N. Y. Died Sept. 7, 1869. 
Married Caroline Collin, daughter of David and Anna (Smith) Collin, 
of Fayetteville, N. Y., Sept. 25, 1838. She was born December 26, 1818. 
Died Sept. 17, 1869. Both are buried at Fayetteville, N. Y. 

Their children were: 

Edmund, born June 20, 1840; died the same day. 

Caroline, born Jan. 16, 1842 ; died Aug. 14, 1903. 

Sylvester, born Nov. 18, 1844; graduated from Hamilton College, 
Clinton, N. Y., in 1870 ; unmarried. Resides at Alameda, Cal. 

Sarah, born Jan. 21, 1849. 

Anna, born Dec. 11, 1850; died Aug. '31, 1869. 

Miriam, born Sept. 6, 1852. 

William, born March 26, 1861. 

After his father's death Sylvester C bought out the interest of the 
other heirs in the Gardner homestead in Eagle Village, married, and 
settled upon a farm which was given to his wife by her father and was 
located near Fayetteville. Later he doubled the acreage of this by pur- 
chase. He was an industrious, thrifty and successful farmer. Though 
reared in the Episcopal church at Manlius, in 1855 he united with the 
Presbyterian church at Fayetteville, of which Mrs. Gardner was a mem- 
ber and in the organization of which her father had been a prime mover. 

In his religion as in his business transactions he combined honesty 
and generosity. He maintained a family altar and defined his religious ex- 
periences as **the joy of working from instead of toward the cross." 

Politically he was a Republican from the inception of the party. 
Only by age limit was he restrained from enlisting as a volunteer to aid 
in maintaining the Union. Loyalty was a fundamental trait in the man. 
Affection ruled his household. Himself trained at Manlius and Cortland 
academies he gave his children good educational advantages, and in- 
structed them to "stand by the minister and the school-master." 

In address and reference he was accorded respect in the home and in 
the community. Abhoring chicanery and pretense he was straightfor- 
ward and to the point in his speech. His manner was genial, his laugh 
was hearty and his regard open and direct. Clear in judgment he formed 
just estimates of character. Personal inclination would have taken him 
to Milwaukee in the 30*s ; filial and domestic duty held him in the east. 

Caroline Collin awakened his admiration while she was yet his 
pupil ; their wedded life was a response which she never had occasion to 
qualify or recall, and they reached life's bourne together. 

Airs. Gardner's father was great-grandson of David Collin, a French 
Huguenot ship owner who settled in Milford. Conn. Her mother, Anna 
Smith, was a descendant of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower. 
At the age of eleven she was the pupil of her future husband. 



Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

William N., son of Sylvester and Sarah (Cogswell) Gardner, was 
born at Manlius, N. Y., July 22, 1813 ; died Aug. 24, 1839, of prairie fever. 
He married Maria Sheldon at Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 12, 1837. She was 
the daughter of William B. and Anna Sheldon of Delhi, N. Y., and was 
born 1821 ; died at Hyde Park, Chicago, 1901. Mr. Gardner had located 
in Milwaukee in 1835. Through fidelity to a business engagement he 
drove fifteen miles across the country only to be disappointed by the 
other party to the appointment; and returning the same night eager to 
see his mother and sister Sarah who had just arrived from the east to 
pay him a visit he contracted prairie fever and died Aug. 24, 1839, leav- 
ing his wife and one child: 

William Sheldon, born at Milwaukee, Mar. 22, 1839; died Oct. 29, 
1859, and is buried beside his father in Oakwoods cemetery, Chicago. 

After Mr. Gardner's death his widow married (2) Thomas Wright 
to whom she bore one son : 


She married (3) Hon. Jonathan Young Scammon, Esq., of Chicago, 
founder of the Interocean, pioneer, Judge, posesssor of large real estate 
interest in that city and liberal donor to the old University of Chicago. 


Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), 

George (i). 

Sarah Ann, daughter of Sylvester and Sarah (Cogswell) Gardner, 
was born at Manlius, N. Y., Feb. 6, 1815; died Jan. 3, 1^4, at New York 
City. She married Rev. Samuel G. Appleton, Sept. 30, 1839. He was 
the son of Gen. James and Sarah (Fuller) Appleton, and was born Nov. 
5, 1808, at Gloucester, Mass., died Nov. 29, 1873, at Morrisania, N. Y. 
He graduated at Amherst College in 1830, and studied Theology at An- 
dover and General Theological Seminary in New York. Ordained 1836, 
and was rector at Hanover, Mass., 1836, Manlius, N. Y., 1838, Avon, 
N. Y., 1840, Richfield Springs, N. Y. 1847, Delhi, N. Y., 1850, Ansonia, 
Conn., 1854, and Morrisania, N. Y., 1858-68. 

Children were: 

WilHam Gardner, born Apr. 17, 1843, 2it Avon, N. Y. 

James Samuel, born 1848, at Richfield Springs, N. Y. ; died 1866, 
at Morrisania, N. Y. 


Abigail Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Horace, son of Samuel and Abigail (Gardner) Dyer, married Mrs. 
Sarah Julia (Sherrill) Baldwin, of New H'artford, N. Y., 1835. She was 

<215 GAHDNfiR 

born March 12, 1813^ in New Hartford; died May 11, 1894, in Sher- 
brooke, Prov. Quebec. She married (i) Fowler Baldwin who died 1832. 
After her marriage to Mr. Dyer, resided in Marcy, N. Y. ' He died 1861. 

Children were: 

Sherrill, born 1837; died in infancy. 

Sarah, born 1839; died 1905. She married (i) Dr. Frederick Hen- 
derson. Two daughters : Mary, and Helen Spriggs, who married Arch- 
ibald Valentine of Chicago and died some years ago. Sarah married (2) 
John H. McAvoy of Chicago. 

Horace Samuel, born June 9, 1844; died 1876. Served in the 146th 
Nl Y. regiment during the Civil war, also on the staff of Gen. Girard. 

Louisa, born 1847; died in infancy. 

Lily Louisa, born 1852; married Samuel Foote Morey of Sher- 
brooke, P. Q. ; died about 1904, survived by her husband and one daugh- 
ter : Louise. 


Abigail Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sarah Nichols, daughter of Samuel and Abigail (Gardner) Dyer, 
was born ; died about 1838. She married Andrew Tilman, of Ge- 
neva, N. Y. 

Three children: 

Samuel, married a Miss Dielson of Albany, N. Y. ; died long ago. 
No children. 

Caroline, died 1882 in Geneva, N. Y. Married Dr. O. P. Laird- in 

Louise, died in infancy. 


Abigail Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Milton, son of Samuel and Abigail (Gardner) Dyer, married and 
lived at Whitestown, N. Y. Had two sons and a daughter. 

Caroline, married (i) Dr. May, (2) Mr. Beecher of Canastota, N. 
Y., (3) Rev. J. W. Whitfield of Utica who died about 1902. Milton 
Dyer died in Canastota at the home of his'daughter who was then Mrs. 
Beecher. We have no record of the two sons. 


Dorcas (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Gardner, son of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, was born 
Aug. 26, 1786; died May 2, 1869. He married (i) Achsah Bradish Dec. 
26, 181 1. She died July 27, 1831. (2) Eunice Douglas. 
Children : 



Orin G., born Oct. 14, 1812; died Feb. 12, 1834. 

Horace D., born Sept. 16, 1814; died May 14, 1833. 

James B., born Dec. 22, 1816; died July 17, 1882. He was an attor- 
ney in San Francisco, Cal. A son : Clarence. 

Ingham D., born Feb. 2^, 1840; married Alma J. Higby, May 6, 
1866. No children. Resided at East Martinsburg, N. Y. 

Dorcas E., born Dec. 17, 1842; married Albert B. Wells, Sept. 15, 
1864; died Feb. 6, 1895. Children: D. Alberta, born June 13, 1865; died 
Oct. 30, 1887. Gardner T., born Apr. 18, 1871 ; died Aug. 30, 1895. I^a 
G., born July 2T, 1873, a dentist at Holland Patent, N. Y. 

Gardner Townsend was four times married. Ingham D. and Dorcas 
E. were the children of Eunice Douglas, his second wife. 


Dorcas (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

William Townsend, son of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Town- 
send, was born about 1788; died Sept. 29, 1868; married Sallie Foster of 
Hancock. She died May 6, 1864. 

Mr. Townsend cultivated the home farm of his father, Nathan, and 
bequeathed his acres and palatial residence to his only child. 

Sarah Ann, born Apr. 9, 1816. Died July 4, 1902. 


Dorcas Gardner (6), Pahner (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Rhoda, daughter of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, was 
born Mar. 5, 1797; died Jan. 26, 1865. She married John McViccar, son 
of Archibald and Elizabeth McViccar, Jan., 1821, and resided in Fay- 
etteville, N. Y. Previous to their marriage Mr. McViccar taught school 
at Eagle Village, N. Y., and it was during a visit to her uncle Sylvester, 
that Rhoda Townsend made his acquaintance. 

Children were: 

Twins, born Oct. 16, 1825 ; died in infancy. 

John T., born 1827; died Mar. 7, 1854. He graduated at Hamilton 
College in 1849, Psi Upsilon fraternity. Married Miss Fiske of Fayette- 
ville. Harriet W., daughter of Aaron and Sallie Fletcher Fiske was born 
in Templeton, Mass., June 2, 1828; married Oct. 2, 1850; died Feb. 27, 
1881. Mr. and Mrs. John T. McViccar are survived by a daughter, 
Hattie Townsend, who was born July 18, 1853, and resides in Fayette- 
ville, N. Y. 

Louisa, born 1831 ; died in infancy. 

Elizabeth, born 1833; died in infancy. 


Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Palmer, son of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, married 
Miss Bush of Lowville, N. Y. He was at one time County Judge at 



Lowville, Lewis County, N. Y. After 1844 he was in the wholesale 
hardware business in New York City. He died in Brooklyn. 

Children of whom he have record were : 

Louise, married Lewis B. Reed. 

William H., born 1826, died Apr. 15, 1905. He married and resided 
in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mary, married J. Earnest Miller. 

Frances, died Mar., 1906. 

The following is from "The Brooklyn Eagle" Nov. 14, 1904: 

"Mrs. Louise Townsend Reed, wife of Lewis Benedict Reed, who 
died yesterday at her home 172 Rensen St., was born at Lowville, LewitN 
Co., N. Y., in 1825. She was the eldest daughter of Palmer Townsend, 
once a county judge of Lewis County and afterwards a wholesale hard- 
ware merchant in New York City. The family moved to Brooklyn 
about sixty years ago and Mrs. Reed was educated in Prof. Greenleaf's 
Academy in Pierrepont St., and at Rutgers Female Institute in New 
York. She was married in November, 1849, and her golden wedding 
was celebrated at 172 Remsen St., in 1899, and received full notice in 
the Eagle at the time. She spent several years in Paris and Italy in her 
middle life and became a fine linguist and familiar with the languages 
and literatures of France, Italy, and Spain and also acquired some 
knowledge pf German. She had an attractive personaHty and a large 
circle of loving friends in Brooklyn and abroad. She was a member of 
the First Baptist Church of Brooklyn from early girlhood until a few 
years ago, when she became a member of the Church of the Pilgrims. 
Her husband was formerly a practicing lawyer in this city and has for 
several years past filled a responsible position in the American Surety 
Company of New York. Her final illness was of two years' duration, 
but she was always cheerful and patient. She had one son, Palmer 
Townsend, who is a resident of California. Another son, Frank T., died 
aged 4 years. 


Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Halsey, son of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, married 
Miss Roche of Mississippi. He was a brilliant lawyer at Natchez, Miss. 
Died from pulmonary troubles, leaving no issue. 


Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Ingham, son of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, married 
Julia Fox. He was a member of the State Legislature in 1857. Resided 
at Holland Patent and entertained royally parties of students from Ham- 
ilton College and Houghton Seminary at Clinton who passed through 
Holland Patent to visit Trenton Falls. 


It was through the kind offices of Ingham Townsend and John 
McViccar that Grover Cleveland was enabled to obtain the education 
which placed him in prominence before his country. 

Mr. and Mrs. Townsend had three kdopted children: 

Fannie, a niece of Mrs. Townsend, married George Anderson. A 
son and daughter. 


Anna, married Mr. Wright of Rome. 


Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Betsey, daughter of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, mar- 
ried Mr. Ward of Oneida Lake. 
Children : 

Sarah, married Mr. Stephens. 
Anna, married Isaac Pierce. 


Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, 
married James B. Olcott. She died early in life leaving children. 


Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3)^ 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Nathaniel, son of Nathan and Dorcas (Gardner) Townsend, was 
born June 24, 1804; died 1864 at Holland Patent, N. Y. He married (i) 
Miss Roche of Mississippi. 

Children were: 

Nathaniel, served in the ranks of a Pennsylvania regiment and was 
shot through the head at the battle of Gettysburg and buried on the 

Halsey Palmer, died before the war and is buried on the family lot 
in the cemetery at Austin, Texas. 

Maria, died at the age of sixteen years at the home of her uncle 
Ingham in Floyd township, Oneida County, N. Y. 


Nathaniel Townsend, married (2) Angeline Louise, daughter of Jas. 
Wanton Townsend of Warrick Co., Ind. She was born Jan. 25, 1822, 
at Princeton, Ind. ; died in Austin, Tex., 1889. Buried there. James 
Wanton was son of Martin and Susanna (Allen) Townsend of Hancock, 
Nathan's brother. Nathaniel and James Wanton were therefore 

220 CARDNfiR 

After her father's death in Indiana, Angeline Louise was adopted 
by her father's brother Nathaniel, of Williamstown, Mass., whose wife 
Cynthia Marsh was a lineal descendant of Miles Standish and Henry 
Adams, ancestor of John and Samuel Adams. Children by (2) marriage 
were : 

Anthony, died in infancy and is buried at Kenosha, Wis. 

Angeline Louise, born July 7, 1850, at Williamstown, Mass. 

Susan Marsh, born Aug. 22, 1852, at Austin, Texas. 

Pauline Spencer, born Dec. 3, 1855, ^^ Austin, Texas. 

James Wanton, born Oct. 6, 1857, at Austin, Texas. 

Palmer Gardner, born i860, at Mendham, N. J. ; married Cynthia 
Beaumont of Wallingford, Conn. Child: Angeline Louise, born Oct., 
1892. Resides in California. 

Mr. Gardner's first wife brought him slaves but at the time of the 
secession he sided with the North and was an ardent Unionist and freed 
his slaves. In consequence he suffered much during the war, he came 
on to New York State and was helped by his Townsend relatives. He 
was a successful merchant and business man at Austin, Texas, where 
he settled while Mexico held sway there. His daughter says of him : 

"My father came to Texas about 1834 and aided in establishing the 
Republic. He was consul to New Orleans from the Republic of Texas 
for a good many years. Just before the Civil war he took his family 
north and we did not return to Texas until a year after the close of the 
war and two years after his death in 1864. When Jefferson Davis issued 
his orders for all property owners to return or their property would be 
confiscated within forty days, my father's health was such that he could 
not return, so all of his estate was confiscated and sold to the Confed- 
erate Government. It must have been a great trial to him to leave his 
family in such financial straits, but he had faith in God and the United 
States Government, that it would coqie out all right; and so it did. His 
children shall never cease to cherish his memory." 

Nathaniel Townsend's brother Martin, of Hancock whose (i) wife 
was Susanna Allen, married (2) Annie (Niles) Gardner of South Kings- 
town, R. I. She bore him two children : 

Lauren, married Amanda Smith of Hancock and spent his life in 
Cayuga Co., N. Y. One of his grandsons. Rev. Smith Delancy Town- 
send, was an Episcopal clergyman in New York in 1871. One of his 
sons Lauren M. Townsend, lived in Syracuse, N. Y. 

Lucy, married Hon. Volney Richmond of Hoosick. Had several 
children, all of whom died young. 


Mary (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Samuel W., son of John and Mary (Gardner) Wilson, married Sa- 
brina Gardner (8), Perry Greene (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5). Joshua 
(4). Robert (3). George (2), George (i). They resided at Smyrna, N. 
Y. He died Aug. 31, 1874; she died June 13, 1840. 

By this marriage he had one son : 


Perry Gardner, married Avaline Wilcox of Smyrna, N. Y. ; died 
Mar., 1888. No children. 

Mr. Wilson married (2) Lois A. Clark of Lebanon Springs. One 
son: William Clark, married Kate Babcock of Norwich, N. Y. He died 
at Lebanon Springs, leaving a wife and one daughter. 


Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Morency Gardner, son of Joseph N. and Deborah (Reynolds) Gard- 
ner, was born August 12, 1805, at Hancock Hill, Stanbridge, Province 
Quebec. Died April 10, 1880. Married Delana Wilson, March 29, 1846. 

Children were: 

Clarissa Deborah, born June 15, 1847. Died December 19, i8r)3. 

Helen, born August 17, 1853. Married Gardner Gates Stanton, a 
farmer residing at Stanbridge, East, October 5, 1876. O^ne child: Arthur 
Gardner, born Aug. 4, 1883; died June 15, 1898. 

Emma, born May 18, 1855. Married Louis McMahon of Burling- 
ton, Vt., August 2, 1880. No children. 

Arthur Morency, born May 14, 1859. Married Bertha Baker, Jan- 
uary 23, 1895. Resides upon the old Joseph N. Gardner homesteari at 
Stanbridge, Quebec. No children. 

Adelaide, born August 28, 1866. Millinery business at Montreal. 

James Wellington, born May 17, 1869. Resides with brother Arthur 
at Stanbridge. 


Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Lester, son of Joseph N. and Deborah (Reynolds) Gardner, was 
born Feb. 7, 1808; died April 5, 1890. He married Lucy Chandler, 1836. 

Children were: 

Deidamia, born Dec. 28, 1837; died Sept. 5, 1879. Unmarried. 

Cyril Sylvester, born 1840. 

John Dana, born 1843; died 1867. 

Magdalen, born March 15, 1846; married Edward Westover. Reside 
Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Child: Marion. 

Hannah, born March 10, 1850; married H". B. Kemp, Stanbridge, 
East. Children: Fred, Harry. 

Marion, born Feb. 18, 1853; married G. S. Soules, M. D., Stan- 
bridge, East. 

Edna, born Jan. i, 1856; married A. N. Reynolds, flour and feed 
merchant, Stanbridge, P. Q. 

Harriet, born Aug. 12, 1859; married Frank Hibbard, Civil Engi- 
neer, Quebec. 

Ernest, born July 6, 1862. 



Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

James Palmer, son of Joseph N. and Deborah (Reynolds) Gardner, 
wos born April 25, 1812; died March 21, 1868, from injuries received in 
a runaway. He married Elizabeth Rykerd in 1837. When a lad James 
Palmer went to live with his grandmother Reynolds in St. Armand and 
that town was always his home. After his marriage this old Reynolds 
farm became his either by purchase or deed of gift. 

Their children were: 

Joseph Palmer, born Nov. 20, 1838. 

James Herbert, born July ii, 1843. 

Orcelia, born Oct. 8, 1845. 

Charles Osborne, born Feb. 11, 1848. 

Almeda Deborah, born Apr. 13, 1850. 

Eva, born Feb. 26, 1853. 

Delbert Morency, born Sept. 26, 1855. 

Emmet, born Jan. 6, 1867; married Nellie Fish, Sept. 15, 1892. 
Traveling salesman for dairy supply house. Residence Enosburg 
Falls Vt. 


Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Emily, daughter of Joseph N. and Deborah (Reynolds) Gardner, 
was born Sept. 7, 1817; died Oct. 9, 1900. She married Rev. D. W. Sorn- 
berger, an Adventist preacher, Sept. 6, 1838. Resided in Stanbridge and 
late in Stanstead, P. Q. 

Children : 

Gardner, born 1842; married Maria Oliver, 1870. Residence Barns- 
ton, P. Q. Children : Bernard, Minnie. 

Langdon Morency, born 1842: married Florence Oliver, 1870, 
Barnston, P. Q. 

Emily Diana, born 1844; died 1898. 

Ibri, born 1848; died 1895. 


Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2). 

George (i). 

Orcelia, daughter of Joseph N. and Deborah (Reynolds) Gardner, 
was born Sept. 2, 1824; died Sept. 23, 1878. She married Erastus Chand- 
ler, 1842. 

Children : 

George, born Nov. 3, 1844; died Sept. 10, 1862. 

Harriet, born July 10, 1846. 

Auriola, born June 20, 1848; married Harvy Beattie, 1872. Stan- 
bridge, East, P. Q. Children: Minnie, Harry. 



Joseph N, (6). Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Calista, daughter of Joseph N. and Deborah (Reynolds) Gardner, 
was born Sept. 2, 1824; died Nov. 9, 1873. She married Cyril Chandler, 
March 19, 1846. 

Children : 

Bertha, born Mar. 10, 1853; married Harvard Briggs, 1875. Live 
at Stanbridge, P. Q. 

Florence, born Nov. 24, 1858; married W. H. Russell, 1900. Live 
at Riceburg, P. Q. 

Magdaline, born July 5, i86t. 


Palmer (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Hannah, daughter of Palmer and Rhoda (Greene) Gardner, was 
born in Rhode Island, Nov. 24, 1803; ^^i^d in Syracuse, N. Y., May 30, 
1890. She married Horace Brown Gates, Feb. 12, 1824, in Eagle Village, 
Onondaga Co., N. Y. He was the son of Nehemiah Gates, born in 
Massachusetts, Aug. 25, 1770; died in Jamesville, N. Y., Aug. 12, 1823, 
and Phebe (Keeler) Worden, married Nov. 23, 1790. Horace Brown 
Gates was born Jan. 9, 1805 : died Feb. 27, 1882. He was a farmer, mill 
owner and merchant in and near Syracuse. 

Children were: 

Caroline Elizabeth, born Jan. 10, 1825; died May 20, 1852. 

William Gardner, born May 22, 1830. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gates were married in Brooklyn, N. Y. Mr. Gates 
joined the church in Onondaga Valley, at the age of sixteen years, and 
in 1848 he united with the Park Presbyterian church of Syracuse, and 
served it for many years as a ruling elder. Of him the Syracuse Jour- 
nal said : 

"Mr. Gates was an excellent citizen, a man of unspotted integrity 
and ardent piety. He was ever ready for every good word and work 
and his genial smile in his intercourse with friends always revealed the 
cordiality and warmth of his friendship. He entered the portals of the 
unseen world with an unfaltering trust in the Redeemer. When strick- 
en with paralysis so that he could not speak he would indicate his feel- 
ings and his full hope of a joyous immortality by a smile of peace upon 
his countenance and a brieht elance of the eye. Most emphatically can 
his friends say of him, The righteous hath hope in his death.' " 


Palmer (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Sarah, daughter of Palmer and Rhoda (Greene) Gardner, was born 
at Hancock, Mass., Dec. 25, 1805 J died 1876. She married Rev. S. W. D. 


Chace, Oct., 1825. He was born in Fall River, Mass., October 24, 1803. 
Mr. Chace was a Methodist minister, and was master of all three pro- 
fessions, the ministry, law and medicine. His daughter Mrs. Adams, 
says of him : "He would have been eminent wherever he was placed. 
The word mediocre was not for him. Aunt Jones (Calsina) says my 
mother was the prettiest girl she ever saw. I knew her for the best wo- 
man with whom I have ever come in contact." 

Their children were : 

Emeline Amelia, born Sept. 9, 1826; died 1904; married Mr. Allen 
and lived at Washington, 111. 

Delia Louise, born at Clarence, Erie Co., N. Y., June 11, 1828; died 


Sarah Gardner, born at Attica, N. Y., 1831 ; died in Attica, Genesee 
Co., N. Y., 1832. 

William T., born 1833 ; <^lied in Brockport, N. Y., 1835. 

George Gardner D., born Mar. 7, 1835; died 1855 "^^^ Helena, Ar- 
kansas; killed by accidental discharge of a gun while hunting. 

Palmer, born Dec. 29, 1837; died 1847 at Washington, 111. 

Maryette, born Mar. 9, 1840, in Bloomington, 111. 

Sarah P., born May 2, 1843, at Frankport, 111., married Mr. Frank- 
lin ; resides at Lexington, 111. 

Wintemoyeh, born Apr. 14, 1846, at New Orleans, La. ; married Mr. 
Perkins. Resides in Hudson, Mich. 


Palmer (6), Palm«r (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Patience Calsina, daughter of Palmer and Rhoda (Greene) Gardner, 
married Rev. Charles Jones, Aug. 29, 1840. Mr. Jones was born in On- 
tario, Canada, Aug. i, 1809. His father was Israel Jones, son of Israel 
Jones, Esq., of Williamstown, Mass., who died in 1828 at the advanced 
age of 92 years. Charles fitted for College at Hopkins Academy, Had- 
ley, Mass., and took three years at Williams and his fourth year under 
President Nott at Union College. He studied divinity at Auburn and 
New Haven. Dr. Nathaniel W. Taylor was then at the height of his 
fame and efficiency as a theologian at Yale. Ordained in 1833, Mr. 
Jones wrought in the Christian ministry without interruption for forty- 
eight years, and preached occasionally even after that. He died Sept. 
3, 1889, at North Abington, Mass., at the home of his son by a former 
marriage. Mrs. Jones died Dec. 4, 1906, at Sioux City, Iowa, and was 
laid to rest beside her husband at Fayetteville, N. Y. She was next to 
the last among the cousins of her generation. Her personal beauty, her 
gentle bearing and her tender care of her sister Hannah during the clos- 
ing weeks of her life are memorable to one who beheld them. 

Children were: 

Elvira Elizabeth, born at Lafargeville, N. Y., Feb. 14, 1841 ; died 
Aug. 6, 1849. 

Emeline Alathea, born at Bergen, N. Y., Nbv. 7, 1843; died Dec. 
19, 1876. 


Sarah Louise, born at Oswego, N. Y., Apr. 12, 1845. 
Horatio Gates, born Oswego, N. Y., Feb. 18, 1847; died Aug. 23, 


Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Hannah G., daughter of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, was 
born Nov. 17, 1804-5, i^ Canada; died July 26, 1898, at Gordon Mer- 
rick's, Spring Prairie, Wis. She was married to Jeremiah Sheffield in 
the spring of 1823, aged 18 years. He was born Dec. i, 1801 ; died July 
9, 1874. He was an only child and his father who came from Rhode 
Island was lost in Canada. The fall of 1823 Hannah and Jeremiah re- 
moved to Mansville, N. Y. 

Children were: 

Olscar, born Feb. 12, 1824. 

Cordelia, born April 9, 1826; died aged two years. 

Martha Elizabeth, born June 7, 1828. Living with her son Charles. 

Hannah Janette, born May 30, 1830; died 1844. 

Daniel Jeremiah, born March i, 1833; married Elsie Smith, June 30, 
1870. Lives in Springfield, Minn. One son: Francis, Jr. 

Celeste Annette, born Nov. i, 1839. 


Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

William W., son of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, was born 
Jan. 27, 1807; d^cd Nov. 28, 1867. He was married June 7, 1842, to Mary 
Theresa Stowe. She was born April 16, 1821 ; died March 4, 1898. She 
was the daughter of William B. and Lucy (Moore) Stowe of Marlbor- 
ough, Mass., and sister of the late Alfred M. Stowe of Canandaigua, N. 
Y. She died at the home of her son in Utica, N. Y. 

Child : 

Brainard Gardner, born Oct. 20, 1846. 


Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Sylvester G., son of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, was born 
in Hancock, Mass., June 16. 1796; died in Troy Center, Wis., June 24-5, 
1878-9. He married (i) Diana Ward of Manlius, N. Y., March, 1824. 
(2) Mrs. Charity Pierce. 

Children : 

Caroline, born Mar. 10, 1826, in Manlius. Living in Troy Center, 

Sarah, married Oscar Smith, son of John, a brother of Willard. 


Addie, niarried Hiarrison Montague of Troy Center, Wis. 

Lindsay, married Helen Stewart. He died Aug. 17, 1905. Chil- 
dren: Mary, Clara, Carroll, Harold, Osmer and Rollins, who is mar- 
ried and living in Ft. Morgan, Colarado. 


Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i), 

Polly, daughter of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, niarried 
Nichols Briggs of Rhode Island. 
. . Children were : 

Howard, married Margaret Lapham of Hancock, Mass. 

James, married Sophia Dean of Troy, Wis. 

Orlando, unmarried. 

Benjamin, unmarried. 

Harriet, married Mr. Dexter Salisbury, has daughter H'attie, who 
lives at San Lorenzo, Cal. 

Mary Ann, married Perez Merrick of San Lorenzo, Cal. Have one 
son: Orlando Briggs, born May 21, 1852; married Ida Stebbins. He 
died Aug. 31, 1905. Two children: Nellie, married Mr. Bevoir; Orlando 
Briggs, born 1891. 

Maria, daughter of Nichols and Polly Briggs, married Mr. Williams. 


Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), 

George (i). 

Ezekiel B., son of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, was born in 
Huntsburg, Canada, Feb. 17, 1809; died in Lafayette, Wis., March 10, 
1882. He married Sophronia Allen at Ellisburg, N. Y., April 9, 1840. 
She was born at that place June 6, 1812; died Jan. 5, 1885, in Troy Cen- 
ter, Wis. 

Children were: 

Henry Kirk, born Feb. 5, 1841, in Mannsville, N. Y. ; died July 19. 

Frances Amy, born Mar. 7, 1843, ^^ Mannsville; died March 3, 
1853, in Lafayette, Wis. 

Willard Allen, born Oct. 17, 1844, in Lafayette, Wis.; died Jan. 
10, 1848. 

Harriet Amelia, born at Lafayette, NOv. i, 1847; died Feb. 2y, 1864. 

Mary Rebecca, born Aug. 10, 185 1, in Lafayette, Wis. Resides in 


Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Anne Maria, daughter of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, was 
born January 23, 181 1. Died December 17, 1892. Married Dewitt 


Clinton Sheldon of Stephentown, N. Y. Removed to Reedsburg, Wis- 

Children were: 

Ezekiel B., 


Dwelton Melvin, married Mary Hood, of Racine, Wis. Lives at 
Reedsburg. No children. 

Charles Fox, 

Kirk, lives at Eddyville, Nebraska. Three children. 



Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Harriet N., daughter of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, was 
born Jan. 27, 1815, at Hancock, Mass. ; died Sept. 22, 1900, at Macon, 
Mich. She married Edmund Hand, son of Edmund and Sarah (Ely) 
Hand, March 3, 1836. He was born at Hancock, Mass., Aug., 1813. 
They removed to La)ce Ridge, Mich., in the early pioneer days and set- 
tled on a farm. Six children were born to them and all settled near the 
old home. 

Josephine S., born Mar. 20, 1838, in Macon, Mich. 

Horace A., born Apr. 12,, 1841. 

Howard A., born Sept. 20, 1846 ; married Cynthia Kidder of Saline, 
Mich. A retired farmer and lives at Hnidson. 

Hemon E., born June 10, 1849, in Macon. Unmarried and resides 
in Tecumseh. 

Helen A., born June 10, 1849. 

Annette M., born Nov. 24, 1858. 


Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Charlotte E., daughter of Willard and Amy (Gardner) Smith, was 
born April 26, 1817; died Feb. 22, 1893. She married Charles, son of 
James and Elizabeth (Moore) Wheeler, Nov. 3, 1840. He was born 
July I, 1819; died Oct. 23, 1893, at Bangor, Van Buren Co., Mich. He 
was a merchant. Between the twelfth and sixteenth years of her life 
Charlotte lived in New York State and after that in Blissfield, Lenawee 
Co., Mich. She died in Bangor, Mich. 

Children were: 

Arthur James, bom Sept. 25, 1841. 

Cornelia Alicia, born Aug. 10, 1845. 

George Sylvester, born May 25, 1850; died 1857. 

Charles Francis, born July i, 1855; died July 8, 1855. 

Charlotte, twin of Charles P., born July i, 1855; ^*^^ same date. 

Adaline, born Aug. 5, 1857; died April, 1858, 



Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (a), George (i). 

Sylvester G., son of Robert and Hannah (Gardner) Henry, was 
born Dec. 15, 1806; died Sept. 17, 1887. His wife was Julianne Scouten, 
daughter of his father's second wife by a farmer marriage. To Sylvester 
and Julianile were born in Medina Co., Ohio, July 20, 1845, ^^^^ daugh- 
ters, Virginia J. and Vietta J. 

In 1855 the family moved to Waterloo, Wis., and thence after a 
year to Fond du Lac Co., Wis., where they resided till the spring of 
1868 when they removed to Grundy Co., Iowa. Here they remained till 
Mr. Henry's death, in 1887. 


Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Isaac R., son of Robert and Hannah (Gardner) Henry, was born 
April 22, 1810; died 1862 at OHmstead, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio Was a 
Universalist minister. He married Mary Ransom. 

Children : 

Lucy, deceased. 

Robert, deceased. 

Isabelle, married Mr. Reed Beaumont, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio. 

Arthur, lives in the Philippines. 

Emma, deceased. 

Norris, deceased. 


Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (z). 

Myron H., son of Robert and Hannah (Gardner) Henry ,was born 
Aug. 16, 1812; died in the 6o's. Married Eliza King and lived and died 
in Racine, Wis. Carpenter by trade. 

Children : 

Sarah, deceased. 

Edwin, living at Oshkosh, Wis. Bears the title "Captain." 

Charles, deceased. 

Emmet, deceased. 


Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (z). 

J. Harvey, son of Robert and Hannah (Gardner) Henry, was born 
July 23, 1815; died April, 1884. His wife was Laura Tillotson. They 
had three children: 


Caroline M., born May 2, 1843. 

Millie E. (Philomel), born March 16, 1846, in Medina Co., Ohio; 
married Daniel Ickes in Nov., 1894. They reside at San Jose, California. 


Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Milton D., son of Robert and Hannah (Gardner) Henry, was born 
Dec. 23, 1817; died March 17, 1906. H« married Mary A. Boyd. She 
was born Feb. 18, 1830. Resided in Iowa and latterly at Independence, 
Kans., where he died. Was express agent and highly esteemed as a 
citizen and as a man. 

Children : 

Thomas Boyd, born Oct. 24, 1854; unmarried. 

Milton Davis, born Dec. 26, 1856; unmarried. Is secretary of the 
J. E. Hutt Contracting Co., of Kansas City. 


Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Hannah Maria, daughter of Robert and Hannah (Gardner) Henry, 
was born April 10, 1820; married Marcus Prentiss Ashley, Oct. 15, 1840, 
and is living in Hawarden, Iowa, with her son James Alton, Marcus 
P. Ashley died April 19, 1877. 

Children : 

Marcus Henry, born at Medina, Ohio, Aug. 11,1841; resides at 
Madison, Wis. 

James Alton, born at Medina, O., May 20, 1843 1 resides at Hawar- 
den, Iowa. He was thrice married, (i) Eliza Ann White. Children: 
{| Joe Alton, born Mar. 13, 1874; Myrtie Cynthia, born June 5, 1875. He 
married (2) Lucy Hibbard, by whom he had four children, three of 
whom survive : Lucy, Warren and James. 

(Helen Maria, born at Medina, Ohio, Jan. 19, 1846; married Dacre 

Genevra Juliet, born at Marshall, Wis., April 6, 1856; married Wil- 
liam Lane. Lives at San Jose, Cal. Has one daughter, Ethel. 



Sally Gardner (6), Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Artalissa Smith, dau8:hter of Gardner and Sally (Gardner) Smith, 
was born December 17, 1822; died May 5, 1853-4; married John J. Gard- 
ner. (8), Nathaniel (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert 


(3), George (2), George (i), January 23, 1844 at Hancock, Mass. He 
was born June 22, 1820-1 ; died July 22, 1893. Their children were: 

Don Aurelius, born May 2, 1846. Married Leonella Moore, Nov. 15, 

Sarah Adella, born Nov. 22, 1849. Teacher at Hancock, Mass. 


Sally Gardner (6), Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Aucelia M. Smith, daughter of Gardner and Sally (Gardner) Smith, 
was born May 15, 1827; died October, 1903; married Bishop W. Carpen- 
ter and lived at Lebanon Springs. She is survived by two daughters. 


Sally Gardner (6), Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Minerva S. Smith, daughter of Gardner and Sally (Gardner) Smith, 
was born (no date of birth) ; died March 23, i86i8. Married Henry 
Cranston, of Oneida, New York. 


Sally Gardner (6), Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Dwight Smith, son of Gardner and Sally (Gardner) Smith, was 
born October 20, 1836; died November 20-3, 1870; married Emily Chap- 
man. They lived on the old homestead of Gapt. Daniel Gardner at 
Nbrth Hancock, Mass., and Mr. Smith died there. 

Three children were born to them: 

J. Gardner, a prosperous physician in New York City. 

William A., a grocer at Westfield, Mass. 

John D., a druggist in Springfield, Mass. 


Robert (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), 

George (i). 

Perry Green, son of Robert and Amy (Arnold) Gardner, was born 
May 28, 1787, at Hancock, Mass. Died August 20, 1856. Married Es- 
ther Ely Jan. 10, 1810. 

Children were: 

Noah Ely, born in Hancock, Oct. 27, 1824; died Nov. 21, 1849; un- 
married. He graduated at Williams College in 1848 and taught in his 
native town successfully for a few months. 

Sabrina, born May 26, 181 1. 

An infant son, died very young. 



Robert (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), 

George (i). 

Nathaniel Gardner, son of Robert and Amy (Arnold) Gardner, was 
born October 23, 1793, at Hancock, Mass., died there January 17, 1874. 
Married Sarah Calkins Wilson, daughter of John, Jr., and Mary (Gard- 
ner) Wilson, February 11, 1820, and settled in Hancock. She itSK bom 
July 10, 179s; died January 10, 1879. Their chiiiircn were: 

John J., bom Jnnc 22, i8»-, died July 22, 1893, at Hancock, Mass. 

Robert Palmer, born Mar. 19, 1823; died Apr. 9, 1884, at Stephen- 
town, N. Y 

Mary Minerva, born Feb. 21, 1828; living; unmarried. 

Mortimer Wilson, born Feb. 21, 1828; died June 13, 1905. 

James V., born Oct. 28, 1834; died Sept. 30, 1862. 


Martha Gardner (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2). 

George (i). 

Clark R., son of Griffin and Martha (Gardner) Reynolds; He mar- 
ried Almira Persons. 
Children were: 
Mary, married J. Armitage. 

Amanda, married O. B. Rudd. 
Almira, married E. A. Earl. 
Etta Clark. 


Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), 

George (i). 

Lydia L. Gardner, daughter of Capt. Joshua and Lydia (Gardner) 
Gardner, was born Jan. 5, 1808; married Sylvester Milliman, a farmer 
near Baldwinville, Onondaga Co., N. Y. 

Children : 

Hortense, lives at Bradford, Pa. 

Edna, twice married; present husband a clergyman; lives at Brad- 
ford, Pa. 


Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), 

George (1). 

Eunice Minerva Gardner, daughter of Capt. Joshua and Lydia 
(Gardner) Gardner, was born at White Creek, Washington Co., N, Y., 


February lo, 1811; died November 23, 1885; married Reuben Ely 
Gorton, son of Abel D. and Lucretia (Ely) Gorton, October 25, 1837. 

Their children were: 

William Ely, born Oct. 4, 1840, at Hancock, Mass.; died Mar. 8, 

Louise (Louie) Minerva, born Dec. 23, 1842, at Hiancock, Mass. 

Adelos, born April 14, 1848, at Watervliet, N. Y. Living. 

Josephine (Josie) Delia, born Sept. 8, 1850, at Watervliet, N. Y. 

George Russell, born May 26, 1853, at Watervliet, N. Y. Died 
July 5, 1904. 

Reuben Ely Gorton was a farmer, merchant and postmaster at 
Hancock. Druggist at Watervliet, N. Y., and one of the organizers of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church there. Also a druggist at Saratoga 
Springs, where he built the first brick house there on Union Street. 
From that place he removed to a farm near Clayton, Gloucester County, 
New Jersey, later he lived with his son, Adelos, in Philadelphia, Pa., 
where he died April 7, 1888. Eunice Minerva always wrote her name 
Minerva E. 


Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (a), 

George (i). 

Susan Gardner, daughter of Capt. Joshua and Lydia (Gardner) 
Gardner, married George Russell, a native of White Creek, N. Y. He 
had woolen, saw and grist mills at East Salem, ten miles from White 

One child was born to them : . 

Josephine Minerva, born Feb. 24, 1834. 


Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (a), 

George (i). 

Ann, daughter of Capt. Joshua and Lydia (Gardner) Gardner, was 
born at White Creek, Wash. Co., N. Y. (No record of date of birth or 
death.) She married Eliphalet Wells. They kept the hotel at Middle 
Granville, N. Y. 

Children were: 

Hannah, died at the age of 28 from appendicitis. 

Gardner, married Sarah Brown, of Brownville, Jefferson Co.. 111. 
Three children: Anna, deceased, was a fine singer. Two sons in War- 
ren, Pa. 



Capt Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), 

George (i). 

Ishmael, son of Capt. Joshua and Lydia (Gardner) Gardner, mar- 
ried Cynthia Dyer. Both are buried at Waite Corners. 
Their children were: 
Palmer, settled in Illinois. 
Lydia, settled in Illinois. 
Ishmael, settled in Illinois. 
Joshua Earl, settled in Illinois. 
Ann Eliza, 
A son. 


Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), 

George (i). 

Joshua, son of Capt. Joshua and Lydia (Gardner) Gardner, married 
Mary Russell at White Creek, N. Y. 

Three children: 

A son, deceased. 

Mary, married (i) Mr. Adams; one child, Mabel. (2) Mr. Topping, 
of New York. 

Helen, deceased ; married Augustus Mapes. 


Capt Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), 

George (i). 

Delia Gardner, daughter of Capt. Joshua and Lydia (Gardner) 
Gardner, married John Alley. 

One child. 

Anna Louisa, deceased. Was said to have been very beautiful. 

Delia Alley, married (2) Christopher Snyder, a farmer at Pittston, 
Rensselaer County, N. Y. No children. 


George (6), Othniel (5), Benony (4), Isaac (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Daniel Gardner, son of George and Louisa (Dawley) Gardner, was 
born 1799. Died 1863, at Troy, N. Y. Married Ann Terry, 1835, daugh- 
^ ter of Judge Terry, of Hartford. Conn., a direct descendant of Samuel 
Terry, of Enfield, Conn. 

He graduated at Union College, 1817, was recorder of the city of 
Troy from 1824-1834. Author of "Moral Laws of Nations, Tracts on 
Representative Government, Laws of Rebellion, Institutes of Interna- 
tional Law." 


Children were: 

Elizabeth, born April 20, 1838; died April 15, 1841. 

Eugene Terry, born Sept. 26, 1840; educated at Williams College 
and the Columbia Law School. 

James Terry, born May 6, 1842; married Josephine Rogers, 1868. 
He was educated at the Polytechnic College, Troy, K. Y., and at the 
Columbia Law School. He was an engineer of skill, and was employed 
on many works by the U. S. Government in the Yosemite Valley in 


Benjamin (6)^ Nathaniel (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Ann, daughter of Benjamin and Polly (Allen) Gardner, was born 
July 17, 1809; went as missionary to Burmah and there married Rev. 
Elisha Abbott, a missionary. Died in Burmah. Children were: 

Willard, resides at 600 Prospect St., Cleveland, O. 

Frank Wayland, was an oculist and aurist in Buffalo, N. Y., where 
he died a few. years ago. He married Julia Baker, of Buffalo. One 
child : Wayne Abbott, who is a clergyman in the Episcopal Church and 
is at present assistant priest in New York City. 


Benjamin (6), Nathaniel (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benoiiy (2), 

George (i). 

Dewitt, son of Benjamin and Pblly (Allen) Gardner, was born 
Mar. 28, 1819; married Elizabeth G. Simmons, of Fulton, N. Y., June 2, 
1842. She was born Aug. 14, 1819; died Aug. 14, 1847. 

Mr. Gardner was born at Cazenovia, Madison Co., N. Y., and re- 
sided in Fulton from 1835 until his death in 1897. He was a merchant 
in Fulton for twelve years. In 1855 he with others organized the First 
National Bank, of which he was cashier for twenty years, and President 
from 1875 until his death. He was senior partner in the milling firm 
of Gardner and Seymour, St. Louis .flour mills. 

His children were: 

Frances Eliza, born May i, 1843; niarried Henry O. Silkman, Oct. 
20, 1864. Resides at Maplewood, Wayne Co., Pa. 

Abbott Roswell, born May 2, 1844; died May, 1897, at Syracuse, N. 
Y. He married Nellie Maynard, Oct. 19, 1870. 

Dewitt Gardner married (2) Jane H. Townsend, Feb. 13, 1849. She 
was born July 30, 1829; died Apr. 19, 1852. One child: 

Charles Townsend, born May 5, 1851 ; died Apr. 19, 1892, at Os- 
wego, N. Y. Married Katherine Morrell Jan. 2, 1873. One child : Anna 
Elizabeth, born Aug. 28, 1873; married Nov. 19, 1903, Henry Clay Van 
Note, of Atlantic Highlands, N. J., where she resides. Child: William 
Henry, born Mar. 19, 1906. 


Dewitt Gardner married (3), Sarah Smith, of Middlefield, Mass. 
She was born Oct. i, 1824; died April 11, 1906. One child: 
Alice May, born Dec. 12, 1861, resides at Fulton, N. Y. 


Benjamin (6), Nathaniel (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Maria, daughter of Benjamin and Polly (Allen) Gardner, was born 
June 2, 1806; married Frederick Seymour Feb. i, 1826. He was born 
Sept. 25, 1799; died Dec. 25, 1883. 

Children were: 

Lucien C, born Feb. 7, 1827; died Oct. 29, 1903; married Mary 
Helen Mix, Sept. 24, 1852. She was born June 2, 1830; died Apr. 12, 
1894. Children were: Nellie A., born Nov. 26, 1855; died Mar. 22, 1885; 
Alfred* Mix, born Nov. 6, i860; married Nov. i, 1888, to Anna Bell Cal- 
kins, who was born Nov. i, 1866. One child: Helen Lucille, born Aug. 
31, 1891. Carrie Blanche, born Oct. 2, 1865; Marie, born May 9, 1873; 
died Aug. 25, 1873. 

Chloe Ann, born May 6, 1829; married Allan McLean Oct. 8, 1857. 

Ascah Marion, born Oct. 28, 1831 ; died Jan. 22, 1901, at Fulton, 
N. Y. 

Ludley A., born Sept. 13, 1836; married Hapzibale Hewitt, Jan. 9, 
1861. She died June, 1906. Resided at Fulton, N. Y. Children: Harry 
Templeton, born June 16, 1862 ; married Eliza Foster, Mar. 6, 1887. One 
child, Mabel May, born July 27, 1889. Willard Abbott, born May 27, 
1867; married Dora Fish, Nov. 21, 1894. Children: Helen C, born Aug. 
27, 1895 ; Ralph Willard, born Feb. 14, 1900. 

Francis Allison born in Fulton, N. Y., Mar. 23, 1839; died at Buf- 
falo, N. Y., Oct. 8, 1894. 

Frederick De Valois, born Oct. 24, 1844, resides at Fulton, N. Y. 


Mary (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Lydia, daughter of John and Mary (Gardner) Wilson, married 
Heman Hand, of Hancock, Mass. Farm north of that of Stephen A. 
Douglas's parents. 

Children were: 

Samuel Wilson, married Hannah Ostrander; died about 1900, leav- 
ing no issue. 

Frederick A., graduated from Williams College; studied theology 
at Andover; prea.ched near Boston for two years; died at Pittsfield, 
Mass. Unmarried. 

Helen Sabrina, died aged ten months. 



Alice Gardner (6)» Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Silas G. Dawley, son of Rodney and Alice (Gardner) Dawley, was 
born in 1819; died April 20, 1887; married .Mary Eldridge. 

Two children: 

Delbert S., died Sept. 5, 1865, in his 23rd year; was a soldier in 
Civil war. 

Helen C, born June 5, 1843 5 died May 2, 1894. 


Alice Gardner (6), Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

James Edw^ard Dawley, son of Rodney atid Alice (Gardner) Daw- 
ley, was born May 2, 1826; nwirried Helen S. Eldridge, Nov., 1859, at 
South Williamstown, Mass. Living at Heber, Arkansas. 

Two sons were born to them : 

Guy H., died 1861. 

Truman G., dead. 


Alice Gardner (6), Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Charlotte O. Dawley, daughter of Rodney and Alice (Gardner) 
Dawley, was born March 28, 1828; died August 20, 1886, at Hancock, 
Mass. Married Daniel Whitman at Hancock, Mass. 

Three children were born to them: 

Elcy Jennie, born Oct. 3, 1861 ; married Fred M. Northup, Sept. 28. 
1882. Lives at Williamstown, Mass. 

Catherine Louise, born Jan. 6, 1864; died Sept. 14, 1887. 

Daniel J., born Nov. . Married Ella J. Eldridge, Mar. 6, 1895, 



Abner (6), George (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (a), 

George (i). 

George W., son of Abner and Mary (Champlin) Gardner, was born 
1817; married Mary, daughter of Daniel Husted. 
Children were: 
Melville G., 



Abner (6), George (5), Elzekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Rowland J., son of Abner and Mary (ChampHn) Gardner, was born 
1821; married (i) Lydia L., daughter of Henry Hunt. (2) Emma (or 
Emily), daughter of Stephen Bennett. Children were: 

Rowland J., 

Jonathan J., 

Mary L. 


Abner (6), George (5), Eaekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Abner, son of Abner and Mary (Champlin) Gardner, was born 
1825; married Sarah, daughter of John Stone, of Milo, N. Y. 
Children were: 
Rowland J., 
Abner E. 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

William D. S., son of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, was 
born Oct. 13, 1839, ^^ Stephentown, Rens. Co., New York. Married 
July 30, 1863, to Julia A. Martin, daughter of Calvin and Roxanna 
( ) Martin. 

To them were born eight children : 

Allen W., born Aug. 27, 1864. 

Wesley N., born Sept. 11, 1866; died Oct., 1867. 

Charles E., born Mar. 20, 1868; died Apr., 1870. 

Harry U., born Nov. 18, 1871. 

Lizzie A., born May 30, 1872; died May 8, 1894. 

Frank E., born Aug. 5, 1876. 

Gilbert H., born Dec. 21, 1879. 

Leslie O., born Nov. 11, 1887. 

Mr. Gardner's early life was passed upon a farm. In 1864 he en- 
listed in Company C of the 42d Wis. Volunteers and served until the 
close of the war. Returning home he again engaged in agricultural 
work until the fall of 1900, he removed to Lodi, where he now resides, 
his son Frank remaining upon his farm. 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Desevignia S., son of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, was 
born at Stephentown, Rensselaer Co., New York, Nov. 14, 1837. Mar- 
ried Mercy A. Appier, Nov. 2, 1864. 


To them were born four children 

Clarence Herbert, born May lo, 1867; died 1890. 

Mabel I., born July 18, 1870. 

Albert I., born March 23, 1872. 

John H., born July 6, 1874. 

In 1856 Mr. Gardner went to West Point, Wisconsin, where he en- 
gaged in farming until 1861, when he went to Waukon, Iowa, where 
he enlisted in the 27th Iowa Vol. Inf. and served three years. He was 
wounded July 14, 1864, at Tupelo, Miss. Was in a number of battles 
during his service, and was discharged at Clinton, Iowa. After his dis- 
charge he again went to West Point, Wis., and remained in that vicinity 
until Sept., 1883, when he removed to Lawrence, Kansas, where he now 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Lucy M., daughter of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, was 
born April 19, 1834, at Stephentown, Rensselaer Co., New York. He 
married at Lodi, Wis., Apr. 12, 1857, to Stephen E. Woodward, son of 
Isaac and Harriet (Boughton) Woodward. 

To them were born six children. 

Harriet E. Woodward, Jan. 26, 1859. 

Hiomer S., Nov. 28, 1862; died Oct. 16, 1863. 

Elmer E., Jan. 13, 1864. Lodi. 

Hiram N., June 3, 1867. Weaver. Lodi. 

Walter E., July 29, 1870. Died Sept. 11, 1878. 

Lena M., Feb. 2, 1874. Lodi. 

Mr. and Mrs. Woodward are now living in the village of Lodi, Wis. 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (a), 

George (i). 

Frances H., daughter of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, was 
born April 28, 1831, at Stephentown, New York. Married Nov. 30, 1848. 
to J. N. Fellows, son of David and Chloe (Turner) Fellows of Stephen- 
town, Wis. 

To them were born eight children: 

William, born Oct., 1849. 

Helen M., born Dec. 4, 1851. 

Niles, April, 1854. 

Emma, Feb., 1856; died Aug., 1859. • 

,. Viola E., Sept. i, 1858. 

ElHe J., Aug. 2, i860. 

Clara I., Dec. 21, 1865. 

Alice A., Dec. 23, 1872. 

In the spring of 1857 Mr. and Mrs. Fellows moved to Wisconsin, 
making themselves a home at West Point. He died there Nov. 26. 1887. 



John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Amanda M. Gardner, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Smith) 
Gardner, was born July 24, 1829, at Stephentown, New York; died Aug. 
1903 ; married Feb. 13, 1855, to David Harvey Fellows, son of David 
and Chloe (Turner) •Fellows. 

Seven boys were born to them : 

David H., born Nov. 30, 1855 ; died July, 1856. 

Elbert G., born Nov. 14, 1858. 

Frank E., born Sept. 30, i860; U. S. survey, Washington State. 

J. Herbert, born July 20, 1862; died . 

George N., born July, 1864; died Mar., 1866. 

Sydney L., born Oct. 13, 1866. 

Chester N., born Sept. 28, 1869; died Nov., 1890. 

In the spring of 1857 Mrs. Fellows removed to West Point, Wis., 
where she made her home until her death, Nov. 19, 1887. Mr. Fellows 
died Aug., 1903. 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Job Gardner, son of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, was born 
March 27, 1827, at Stephentown, Rensselaer Co., New York. Married 
Sarah A. Sluyter, daughter of William and Patty (Waterman) Sluyter, 
Dec. 31, 1851. 

To them were born nine children: 

Charles F., April 16, 1854; died May 22, 1865. 

George B., April 10, 1855 ; died Nov. 6, 1887. 

John W., Nov. 28, 1856. 

Fred J., Dec. 8, 1859. 

Elmer, March 29, 1862; died Apr. 9, 1862. 

Arthur Eugene, March 4, 1864; died May 4, 1879. 

Martha E., Oct. 18, 1866; died Apr. 22, 1889. 

Albert, Aug. 31, 1869; died June 20, 1886. 

Chester N., March 12, 1873. 

In February of 1855 Mr. Gardner moved to Monroeville, Ohio, 
where he lived one year, and in the spring of 1856 he moved to Lodi, 
then to West Point, W^iss., where he followed the occupation of a farmer 
until the time of his death, June, 1906. 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Nathaniel Gardner, son of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, 
was born July 21, 1844, at Stephentown, New York. In 1856 he, with 


his parents, went to West Point, Wis., where his early life was spent. 
Married Frank B. Becker, Mar. 12, 1878. Mrs. Gardner died March 16, 
1879. Mr. Gardner was engaged in teaching from 1865 until June, 1896, 
when ill health compelled him to resign his work. Since that time he 
has resided at Lodi, Wis. 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3*), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

John Smith Gardner, son of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, 
was born June 12, 1825, at Stephentown, New York. Married Mary E. 
Rose, daughter of Rufus and Malvina (Gardner) Rose, Nov. 15, 1849. 

The following children were born : 

Florence Ada, Aug. 30, 1850. 

Clarence R., Jan. 19, 1851. 

Katie Elizabeth ("Libbie"), Oct. 3, 1853. 

Mr. Gardner followed the life of a farmer, living near the vicinity 
of his birthplace until the fall of 1856, when he removed to Lodi, Wis- 
consin, where he resided unil his death, Jan. 21, 1902. His wife died 
Dec. 10, 1904. 


John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Mary E., daughter of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner, was 
born Aug. 17, 1847. at Stephentown, New York. Married Jan. i, 1868, 
to Talcott E. Chrisler, son of William B. and Betsy (Carncross) 

Six children: 

F. Eugene, born Oct. 28, 1868. 

Son, June 2, 1870; died Aug., 1870. 

Edith M., Oct. 20, 1872; died Sept. 17, 1873. 

Clarence, Oct. 26, 1874; died July 13, 1882. 

Claude G., May 5, 1880; died July 11, 1882. 

Chester P., born July 12, 1891. 

Mrs. Chrisler now resides at Lodi, Wis. 


John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), ^ 

George (i). 

Minerva B., daughter of John and Lydia (Gardner) Gardner, was 
born November 14, 1800; died 1876; married Darius Mead, of BHssfield. 
Mich., son of Stephen Mead, who was born. in 1763 and died in 1858. 

Their children were: 





Helen M., born 1827. 



John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Daniel, son of John and Lydia (Gardner) Gardner, was born No- 
vember 7, 1807 ; died September 8, 1875 ; married Joanna Sweet, October 
19, 1831. She was born April 29, 1812; died January 9, 1889. Both are 
buried on the old homestead at Hancock, Mass. 

Children : 

Kirk E., born June 4, 1833. 

John D., born June 8, 1835 ; died October 30, 1857, at Decatur, N. Y. 

Helen M., born March 19, 1838. 

Louisa M., born May 28, 1845; died March 6, 1868. 


John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Silas H. Gardner, son of John and Lydia (Gardner) Gardner, was 
born at Hancock, Mass., January 17, 1803; died September 6, 1857, 
married Charlotte Cogswell. She was born February 9, 1809; died yVu- 
gust 22, 1890. Both are buried at Hancock, Mass., on the farm now 
owned by Kirk E. Gardner. 

Their children were : 

Charles, born Aug. 20, 1837; living at 65 Grant PL, Chicago, 111. 

Sarah M., died 1902; unmarried; was for some years a successful 
teacher at Maplewood in Pittsfield, Mass. 

Mary L., married Hiram L. Lewis; living. 

Silas H. Gardner graduated at Williams College and became a law- 
yer as well as a farmer, owning and occupying the farm next east of the 
old homestead. He died in 1857, greatly esteemed and greatly lamented, 
leaving a widow and three children. 


John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Lydia Louisa, daughter of John L. and Lydia (Gardner) Gardner, 
was born April30, 1810; died December 10, 1892; married Leonard Doty 
of Stephentown, N. Y., 1836. He was born March 2, 1812; died March 
6, 1882. 

Their children were: 

Albert, born 1840; died Sept. 28, 1873; married Emily Mason. She 
died Oct. 6, 1866. No children. 

Amy, born ; died Nov. 27, 1871. 

Elizabeth G., living at Hancock, Mass, 



Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (a), 

George (i). 

Caleb Gardner, Jr., son of Caleb, Sr., and Eunice (Northup) Gard- 
ner, was born Oct. 30, 1789; died Jan. 9, 1861 ; married Lydia Sweet 
Tanner, daughter of Abel and Lydia (Sweet) Tanner, September 2, 
181 1. She was born March 29, 1790; died July 7, 1864. 

Children were: 

Julia, married Randall Brown ; no children. 

Caroline, married Nathaniel Wylie; one child: Emma Caroline, 
married Daniel Shepardson ; no children. 

EJiza, married Michael Halpin ; no children. 

Eunice, married Orlando Rose; no children. 

Lydia, born March i, 1831 ; married Britton Madison; three chil- 
dren: Louis B., Walter, Olive. 

Caleb T., born March i, 1831 ; died March 12, 1891 ; married Caro- 
line Gorton. 


Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Olive Gardner, daughter of Caleb, Sr., and Eunice (Northup) Gard- 
ner, was born March 23, 1792; died Aug. 31, 1872; married Rensselaer 
Bly. He died Apr. 7, 1869. 

Their children were: 






Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Nicholas Gardner, son of Caleb, Sr., and Eunice (Northup) Gardner, 
married Jane Wylie. Died Nov. 16, 1872. 
Children were: 
Wylie, living at Lawton, Michigan. 


Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Francis Gardner, son of Caleb and Eunice (Northup) Gardner, was 
born May 4, 1798; died November, 1877; married, first, Electa Vary, 



daughter of Simeon and Mary Vary, January i8, 1825. She was born 
January 18, 1800; died December 5, 1830. He married, second, Esther 
Vary, daughter of Simeon and Esther Vary, August 7, 1831. She was 
born June 6, 1797 ; died December 3» 1872. 

Children were: 

Simeon V., born May 25, 1826; died February 14, 1899. 

Oris H., born July 2, 1830. 

Daughter, born August 7, 1832; died August 7, 1832. 

Frances, Jr., born July 30, 1837; died Oct. 24, 1905. 


Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Sylvester Gardner, son of Caleb, Sr., and Eunice (Northup) Gard- 
ner, was born March 10, 1801 ; died March 10, 1888; married Elma 

Children were: 

Loretta, born December 13, 1828; living at South Berlin, N. Y. 

Myra, born November 24, 1830; living at Stephentown, N. Y. 

Lucy, born August 17, 1835; hving at Stephentown, N. Y. 

Sylvester Gardner owned and occupied a farm of one hundred and 
thirty-two acres, which was a part of his father's homestead. He lived 
in the house erected by his father, where his three daughters were born. 
Mr. Gardner's life was a very active one. He was not a member of any 
particular denomination of church, but it is said, was a very conscien- 
tious man. Without exception before retiring he would very fervently 
pray to his God. His wife was a member of the Christian Church. They 
are both buried in the Baptist cemetery at Stephentown, N. Y. 


Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

George Gardner, son of Caleb, Sr., and Eunice (Northup) Gardner, 
was born May 22, 1796; died Sept.* 1865; married Sarah Shaw about 
1817. She was born at Stephentown, May 26, 1795; died Oct. 17, 1846, 
in Rock Co., Wis. 

Their children were: 

George W., born Nov. 26, 1819. 


Sarah A., 

Lorenzo D., . ^ ,/ » ., .» 

Caleb J., unmarried. /Jc-' /V^-c^^--/ * ; ' ' ' 

Jane A., died aged 21 ; not married. '^^"^ 

Burton H., born Sept. 25, 1827; died March 7, ^Sp. 

Benjamin, went west at the age of 23, never heard from sinc^. 

Mary Emily, born 1830; living at Denver, Colorado.' 

Orlando, born March 4, 1832; died October 31, 1846. 

Eunice M., born April 12, 1836; died Oictober 26, 1846, 

Oliver Perry, born 1834 ; died at three years of age. 


George Gardner was born and reared in the Berkshire Hills where 
he remained until 1841 when he removed to western New York with his 
wife and seven youngest children. In 1841 with his wife and five young- 
est children (leaving Caleb and Jane in New York) emigrated to the 
Territory of Wisconsin, going by lake to Milwaukee, thence across 
country west ninety miles to what is now Rock Co., Wis., where he 
entered government land on the west line of the County and built a 
cabin. In September of the same year, the country was visited by 
an epidemic of cholera and many of the settlers were taken. Himself, 
wife and two youngest children were stricken. The mother and two 
children were taken, the father recovered and removed with the remain- 
dr of his family three miles to Decatur Village, Green Co., which was 
soon after organized, he being elected first Chairman of the Township 
and a member of the county board of Greene County. Later he marrievl 
again and removed to his farm in Rock Co., adjoining the city limits 
of the present city of Brodhead, where he resided till his death and is 
buried in Greenwood Cemetery, located on land entered by him in 1846. 
Of his numerous family none are known to be living except Mrs. M. E. 
Smith of Denver, Colo. The graves of the others are scattered from 
New York to California. 


Sylvester Cogswell (7), Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Caroline, daughter of Sylvester C. and Caroline (Collin) Gardner, 
was born Jan. 16, 1842. She was educated at Homer, N. Y., and Pitts- 
field, Mass. ; married Frederick Theodore Pierson, April 25, 1872. Mr. 
Pierson died Jan. 16, 1899, in his sixtieth year. Mrs. Pierson died Aug. 
14, 1903. They resided at Fayetteville and Syracuse and are survived 
by seven children ; all of them graduates of Syracuse University. 

Frederick Theodore, Esq., of Syracuse, N. Y.; born May 23, 1873; 
married Deetta Cecilia, daughter of W. G. Mitchell, of Rochester, N. Y., 
Oct. 3, 1906. 

Robert Hamilton, M. D., born Aug. 13, 1874; army surgeon at Ft. 
Gibbon, Alaska. 

Horace Huntington, Esq., of New York; born Nov. 30, 1875. 

Sarah, M. D., of Rochester, N. Y. ; born June 18, 1877. 

Herbert Varney, born Aug. 13, 1879; electrician in New York. 

Caroline Emma, born March 7, 1881 ; Syracuse. N. Y. 

Wallace Nelson, born Dec. 27, 1882; divinity student in New York. 


Sylvester Cogswell (7), Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sarah, daughter of Sylvester Cogswell and Caroline (Collin) Gard- 
ner, was born January 21, 1849; graduated at Houghton Seminary. Clin- 
ton, N. Y., 1869, valedictorian. Her services as Presbyterian missionary 


at Tokyo, Japan, for thirteen years from 1889 to 1902 deserves more 
than casual mention. Her personal winsomeness captured the hearts 
of her pupils. Her unstinted expenditure of time and vital force in 
ministering to their intellectual, moral and musical development wus lit- 
tle short of a vicarious sacrifice ; and so in their gratitude they regarded 
it. And when at length after toiling at this rate unrelieved by recruits 
her strength collapsed and she was ordered home, her colleagues and 
pupils felt for a time as though the school had lost its main stay. 

Her influence and efforts reached beyond the school. She taught 
on Sunday a large class of cadets from the naval academy at Tokyo. 
From independent sources comes the opinion that she was by reason 
of her deep spirituality a missionary to the missionaries themselves of 
whatever denomination ; in a word that she contributed more inspiration 
to the work of evangelism in Japan than any other missionary there 
during the same period. And what she was then she had been before in 
other spheres. It has been a continuous story of self-forgetful devotion 
to the happiness and good of others. 


Sylvester Cogswell (7), Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Miriam, daughter of Sylvester Cogswell and Caroline (Collin) 
Gardner, was born Sept. 6, 1852; graduated at Temple Grove Seminary, 
Saratoga Springs, 1874; M. D., Ann Arbor, 1886; gynecologist at the 
Foster sanitarium, Clifton Springs, N. Y., for thirteen years and now 
holds similar position at the Walter Sanitarium, Pennsylvania. In no 
degree inferior to that of her sister Sarah in either value or importance 
has been the service which Dr. Miriam Gardner has rendered during an 
equal term of years within a different sphere. Hers has been the work of 
healing the physical ills of womankind. The patients to whom she has 
ministered and who acknowledge their indebtedness to her as beyond 
the range of pecuniary compensation are legion. Among them were 
missionaries and teachers, many of whom are enabled by her to resume 
work and thereafter prosecute it with due conservation of energy. Like 
Sarah's, her life has been one of unselfish toil for others. 


Sylvester Cogswell (7), Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

William, son of Sylvester C. and Caroline (Collin) Gardner, was 
born at Fayetteville, N. Y., March ^6, 1861. He was graduated from 
Amherst College in 1884 and from Princeton Seminary in 1887. For the 
twenty years following he preached in Presbyterian and Congregational 
churches in the middle west. He is now located in the State of Iowa. 

He was married Sept. 18, 1890, to Sarah Boardman, daughter of 
George B. and Helen (Wing) Boardman of Chicago. She was born 
April II, 1866, at Saginaw, Mich. 


Their children were: 

George Boardman, born at St. Peter, Minn., Feb. i8, 1892; died 
same day. 

Helen, born at Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 22, 1893. 


William (7), Dorcas (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sarah A. Townse'nd, daughter of William and Sallie (Foster) Town- 
send, was born Apr. 9, 1816, at Floyd, N. Y. Died July 4, 1902, at Los 
Angeles, Cal. She married Dr. William Olmstead Laird in 1844. He 
was born at Lairdville, N. Y., Nov. 7, 1818, and died at Stittville, N. Y , 
March 24, 1897. 

Three children were born to them: 

William Townsend, born Aug. 2, 1846; died Oct. 7, 1899, in Water- 
town, N. Y. Married Minnie Raplee in June, 1878. No children. He 
was a graduate of Hamilton College and a successful practitioner of the 
Hahnemann school of medicine. 

Mary Esther, born Feb. 22, 1850; died Apr. 20, 1852. 

Frank Foster, born Apr. 15, 1856; died Aug. 20, 1906. 

It was for Dr. Laird's grandfather, Samuel, that Lairdville was 
named. His great grandfather came to New England from Scotland. 
Dr. Laird was a dentist and when not occupied with his profession he 
worked the farm and garden connected with his hospitable and attrac- 
tive residence at Stittville. He was a brother of Dr. Orville P. Laird 
of Oneida Castle, the husband of Nancy Dyer and Caroline Tilman. 


Palmer (7), Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

William H., son of Palmer and (Bush) Townsend, married 

Frances Cornelia Bostwick, June 5, 1856. She was the daughter of 
Gerrit and Revera (Allen) Bostwick of Connecticut. 

Children were: 

Louise, born May 22, 1858; married Daniel L. Remsen Dec. 20, 
1882. Three children: Allen H'alsey, Frances Louise, Gerard Townsend. 

William Halsey, born Mar. i, i860; married Josephine Gurley July 
24, 1882. 

Frank Le Grand, born June 21, 1862; married Gertrude Vborhees, 
Dec. 12, 1899. 

Palmer Gardner, married Phoebe Josephine Eldredge, Oct. 20, 1895. 
Three children : Atwood Halsey, Marjorie, Geralding. 

Gerard Bostwick, married Helen Bininger Hbughton, June 5, 1901. 
Children: Gerard Bostwick, Helen Mildred. 

All of the foregoing reside in Brooklyn. A cousin characterized 
William Halsey Townsend as follows: *'A splendid good man, kind, 
generous.-^ full of life and cheer and so unselfish, always thinking of 
others more than himsef." 



Nathaniel (7), Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Benjamin, son of Nlathaniel and (Roche) Townsend; married 

Alice Merrican of Connecticut. 

Children were: 

Catherine, died in infancy. 

Frederick, married in Pennsylvania about 1903 and is in the insur- 
ance business at Meriden, Conn. 

Nathaniel, died in infancy. 

Edward Benjamin, student of Mining Engineering at Columbia Col- 
lege, New York. 

Alice, unmarried, is with her mother at Wallingford, Conn. 

Mr. Townsend won great distinction as a Colonel in the Union ser- 
vice during the civil war. After the war he engaged in farming in 
Texas and later resided in Wallingford, Conn. In 1890 he invested in 
copper mines in the northwest and died there about 1903; interment at 


Nathaniel (7), Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylves/er (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Angeline L., daughter of Nathaniel and Angeline Louise (Town- 
send) Townsend, married William Alexander Blackburn in 1875. ^^ 
was of Paris, 111., and was born 1847; was all through the civil war 
with his father, who commanded an Illinois regiment of cavalry, until 
the father was killed in Mississippi during Grierson's raid. After the 
war W^illiam studied law in Chicago, went to Texas in 1871 and has 
attained eminence in his profession at Austin where he holds the posi- 
tion of Judge. 

Children are: 

Anna Louise, born Oct. 8, 1876, at Austin, Texas; died 1894. 

William Decatur, born Nov. 2, 1878, at Austin. Mining Engineer 
and Assayer in Mexico. 

. Nathaniel Townsend, born Mar. 19, 1881, at Austin, has a govern- 
ment position as Civil Engineer at Galveston, Texas. 

Henry Paul, born Feb. 21, 1884, at Austin. 

Helen Elizabeth, born Sept. i, 1890, at Short Beach, Conn. 

Alexander Louis, born June 5, 1893, at Austin. 


Nathaniel (7), Dorcas Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Susan Marsh, daughter of Nathaniel and Angeline L. (Townsend) 
Townsend, married James H. Robertson of Tennessee, in 1877, He is 


a very successful attorney and has held many prominent positions. 
They reside in Austin, Texas. 

Children are: 

Warren Townsend, born Sept. 3, 1878, at Austin ; an attorney there. 

Mary Louise, born at Round Rock, Texas ; died in infancy. 

John Benjamin, born July, 1882 ; an attorney in Austin. 

James Harvey, born 1884; died 1892. 

Alargaret, born Nov. 15, 1886; at school in Washington, D. C. 

Sue Lillian, born Oct. 20, 1891. 


Nathaniel (7), Dorcas (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Pauline Spencer, daughter of Nathaniel and Angeline L. (Town- 
send) Townsend, married William J. Culbertson of Paris, 111., 1888; 
cousin of William Alexander Blackburn. 

Children are: 

Angeline Louise, born Aug. 27, 1889, at Austin. 

A son, died in infancy 

James William, born May 16, 1892, at Paris, 111. 

Mr. Culbertson died in May, 1903, at Paris, 111., where he and his 
wife had made their home after their marriage. Mrs. Culbertson now 
resides in Austin, Texas. 


Nathaniel (7), Dorcas (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

James Wanton, son of Nathaniel and Angeline L. (Townsend) 
Townsend, married Mattie Verlander of New Orleans. He is a jour- 
nalist at Houston, Texas. Mrs. Townsend died in 1902; and the chil- 
dren who survive her live with their grandmother Verlander in New 

Pauline Spencer, born June 20, 1887, in New Orleans. 

James Wanton, born May 3, 1892, in New Orleans. 

Martin Ingham, born April 26, 1895, in New Orleans. 

Nathaniel, died in infancy. 

Elma Verlander, born July 3, 1897, in New Orleans. 

AMY DOTY (8). 

Lydia Louisa (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Amy, daughter of Leonard and Lydia Louisa (Gardner) Doty, 
married Cieorge F. Hull of New Lebanon, N. Y., Oct. 16, i860. 
Children : 


. Fred D., married, has daughter: Lochellen. 
Alice L., born June 30, 1862; married Henry A. Whiting of Great 
Harrington, and has two children: Amy, born Aug., 1890; Ruth, born 


Lydia Louisa Gardner (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Elizabeth G., daughter of Leonard and Lydia Louisa (Gardner) 
Doty, married Hiram A. Carpenter, Apr. 20, 1870. He was born Feb. 25, 
1843; di^<^ M2iy I9» 1880. 

The following children were born : 

Mary Oakley, born June 10, 1872. 

Howard Doty, born Apr. 20, 1874. 

C. Lockwood, born Oct. 17, 1877. 


Silas (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Gardner, son of Silas H. and Charlotte (Cogswell) Gard- 
ner, was born August 20, 1837; married Louise M. Crapo, daughter of 
Seth and Mary (Merchant) Crapo, at Albany, New York. She was 
born October 23, 1833. Her father was a leading merchant of Albany 
and her mother was a native of Nassau, New York. She died at Still- 
water, New York, September, 1875. 

Two boys were born to them : 

Lewis Crapo, born November 17, 1866, in Hancock, Mass. 

Harry Gilson, born March 16, 1869, Chicago,Ill. 

Charles Gardner, married second, Emma August Schute, June 23, 
1877. She was born May, 1848, in Dover, New Hampshire; died June 
II, 1878. 

One son was born to them. 

Walter Allport, living at Chicago, 111. ; unmarried. 

Charles Gardner, married, third, Jessie Louisa Stewart, March 29, 
1888. She was the daughter of John Russell and Mary (Howe) Stewart. 

Mr. Gardner enjoyed the advantages that came to the better homes 
of the Berkshire gentlemen. His father a college graduate, attorney, 
and country gentleman, gave to this son opportunities that prepared 
him for a successful college man. He received the degree of A. M. from 
Williams College and graduated from the Harvard Law School. Taught 
in the public schools of Massachusetts. Principal and assistant superin- 
tendent of the state reformatory at Waukesha, Wis. Five years in the 
University of Chicago in chargfe of the Greek department collegiate and 
preparatory, the old original University of Chicago. 

Aside from business he has for about thirty years made Biblical 
translations and criticism his specialty. Mr. Gardner has lived about 
forty years in the city of Chicago, 



Silas (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary L. Gardner daughter of Silas H. and Charlotte (Cogswell) 
Gardner, married Hiram Lamont Lewis. He was born Sept. 17, 1829, 
died March 20, 1900. 

Two children were born to them : 

Ann Charlotte, died Jan. 4, 1883, aged 11 years, 21 days. 

Arthur, living. 

Mr. Hiram Lamont Lewis was a graduate of Williams College and 
made his mark and fortune as a successful lawyer in Chicago. 

Mrs. Lewis and son Arthur now own and occupy the Silas Gardner 
place as a summer residence. 


Minerva B. Gardner (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benany (2), George (i). 

Helen M. daughter of Darius and Minerva B. (Gardner) Mead, 
was born in 1827; married to Frederick L. Eaton in 1862. He was born 
1836 and died 1901. 

Two children: 

Louise, who in 1887 married Fred Buck, formerly of Adrian, Mich- 
igan. They have one child Helen, born 1888. 

Frederick L., born in 1869; unmarried. 


Minerva B. Gardner (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John Mead, son of Darius and Minerva B. (Gardner) Mead, married 
Lydia Ely, who after John's death married a Mr. Van De Warker by 
whom she became the mother of Dr. E. E. Van De Warker, who mar- 
ried Louisa M., daughter of Daniel and Joanna (Sweet) Gardner. See 
record of Louisa M. Gardner (8)^ 


Daniel (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Kirk E. Gardner, son of Daniel and Joanna (Sweet) Gardner, was 
born June 4, 1833; married Helen M. Hadsell, December 24, 1853. She 
was born August 25, 1832. 

Children : 

Minnie Joanna, born August 12, 1856; living. 

John Daniel, born April 19, i860; living. 

Helen Louise, born December 12, 1867; a teacher at Pittsfield, Mass. 


Kirk E. Gardner is the present owner and occupant of the old home- 
stead purchased by Caleb B. Gardner, and has lived upon this property 
all of his long and useful life. He is a man of great force and personal- 
ity, and has been a very useful man in the course of his long life. He 
represented the Berkshire County district in the State Legislature in 


He is one of those very careful farmers. The traits characteristic 
of this family is also of the subject of this article. 

The house in which h^ lives was erected in 1795 and is a frame 
structure and is in as good a state of preservation at this writing as 
many houses are that have been built in the last decade. The care of 
the property for many years has been given to Mr. Gardner. The en- 
tire farm is a model of beauty and exactness. It is said to be the best 
kept farm in Western Massachusetts and has been awarded the first 
prize as such. It is a large colonial structure and has a spacious lawn, 
and Mr. Gardner takes great pleasure in the care of this beautiful prop- 
erty. It is no better situated than most properties, but has the care of 
one of the best men. 

He is a strong man intellectually and is a very fine conversation- 
alist; a man of strong convictions and not afraiid to assert himself and is 
usually found on the right side of the subject 

We have great reverence of this man in his religious views. He 
was reared a Baptist and is a devout adherent of the doctrines of that 
particular denomination. 


Daniel (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Helen M. Gardner daughter of Daniel and Joanna (Sweet) Gard- 
ner, was born March 19, 1838; married Charles Frederick Shumway, 
March 31, 1863. Living at Hancock, Mass. 

Children are: 

Mary Joanna, born July 26, 1866; living at Hancock, Mass. 

Nellie H., born September 24, 1868; living at Hancock, Mass. 

Daniel Gardner, born July 3, 1874; living at Troy. N. Y. 


Daniel (7), John L. (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Louisa M. Gardner, daughter of Daniel and Joanna (Sweet) Gard- 
ner, was born May 28, 1845; ^i^^ March 6. 1868; married Doctor Ed- 
ward Ely Van de Warker. To them was born one child, Maude, who 
married Walter Barker January, 1897. To them was born one son, 
George Ely Barker, born March 14, 1902. Maude (Van de Warker) 
Barker died May i, 1902. 



George (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), Geo^e (i). 

George W., son of George and Sarah (Shaw) Gardner, was born 
Nov. 26, 1819, at Stephentown, N. Y. Married Aucelia A. Rose, daugh- 
ter of Rufus and Amanda (Gardner) Rose, Jan. 14, 1843. She was born 
Aug. 27, 1825 ; died March 3, 1877. Buried at Brodhead, Wis., cemetery. 

Their children were as follows : 

Infant daughter, born Oct. 15, 1844; died age six months. 

Burton J., born Feb. 3, 1849. J^^P flii«.*«r. '^•^^ 

Charles F., born Apr. 2, 1853. jD/tf> 

John W., born Oct. 6, 1855. -- J#^^ Jn^j vf, i^y-j 
^ In 1856 George W. Gardner removed with his family to Brodhead, 
Wis. In 1859 he went to Texas, his family remaining in Wisconsin. He 
was not heard from after the beginning of the civil war of 1861. 


George (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Burton H. Gardner son of George W. and Sarah (Shaw) Gardner, 
was born at Stephentown, N. Y., Sept. 25, 1827; died in San Jose, Gal.. 
Mar. 7, 1905. He married Harriet E. Lanipson, of Decatur, Wis., June 
9, 1857. - 0.'Ci> 
* Children : 

Frank B., 9y6P ^ >j .^^-^ 

Harley W., 3>«ei> - ^^^Y Ohtl^S' 

Charles O., Piftj> 

Edith A., 

Mattie D., J>«^> 

Ernest L. J)ifc> 

Burton H, Gardner was born at Stephentown, New York, and ha<l 
the disposition of the sturdy emigrant. With his father he emigrated 
to Wisconsin where he married in 1857 and resided until 1862. While 
living in Wisconsin the first three children were born. He removed to 
Waverly, Iowa, where he resided until 1889 and where the last three 
children were born. In 1889 he removed to San Jose, California. He 
died and is buried at San Jose. His family, with the exceptions of Har- 
ley W. and Edith A. (Mrs. S. L. Riese), live at San Jose. 


George (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary Emily, daughter of Georpc W. and Sarah (Shaw) Gardner, 
was born in 1830; married to Roderick M. Smith of Springvalley, Wis., 
Nov. 25, 1847. . 


One child: 

Nettie C, born Jan. 13, 1851 ; living at Denver, Colo. 

Mary Emily (Gardner) Smith was the tenth child of her parents. 
Early in her life she accomp^ied her parents to the new wilderness 
home of Wisconsin. Her father was one of the first emigrants to settle 
in that western home. He possessed all of the traits of the colonial 
pioneer and this large family encountered the difficulties and experiences 
of the many families of this name who had the courage to make their 
home in an unbroken wilderness of the west. Mr. Gardner saw service 
in the war of 1812, being a fifer. He lived to the ripe old age of three 
score and ten. 

The subject of this article assisted to plow the first furrows on the 
old Wisconsin homestead. The writer calls attention of the reader to 
the group of four in the second volume of this work, a hale, rugged con- 
stitution at the age of seventy-six, perfect health and bids fair to live to 
see the addition of the fifth generation of which she is the head. 


Caleb, Jr. (7), Caleb, Sr. (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Caleb T. Gardner, son of Caleb, Jr., and Lydia S. (Tanner) Gard- 
ner, was born March i, 1831 ; died March 12, 1891 ; married Caroline 

Their children were : 

John C, born July 21, 1859; married Clara B. Sweet, Jan. 11, 1898; 
no children. 

Reno E., born July 25, 1862; married Edith Briggs, who was born 
May 17, 1874; no children. 

Eulis M., born Feb. 3, 1865; married Bee Sweet; one child: Clara 
J., born Dec. 4, 1893. 

Fred G., born July 20, 1868 ; married Adelaide Wood, who was born 
Feb. II, 1870. Two children: Helen M., born Apr. 11, 189S; Fred E., 
born Sept. 5, 1901. 

Carrie L., born Oct. 18, 1870; married Dr. Clarence Chaloner. Two 
children : Mary A., born Jan. 10, 1897, Reginald Gardner, born Aug. 28, 

Jessie M., born Dec. 17, 1883; married William K. Hatch. No 


Francis (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Simeon V. Gardner, son of Francis and Electa (Vary) Gardner, 
was born May 25, 1826; died February 14, 1899; married Susan Wilson, 
March 8, 1848. 

Children : 

Vila, born October 13, 1853. 

Ida O., born April 28, 1855 ; married Seward F. Harper ; living at 
Battle Creek, Mich. One child: William. 



Francis (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i).' 

Francis Gardner, Jr., son of Francis, Sr., and Esther (Vary) Gard- 
ner, was born July 30, 1837; married Nancy Vantiflin, January 15, 1861. 
Children : 

Esther H., born October 25, 1861. Living. 
Belle, born September 17, 1863. Living. 
Olive, born June 9, 1880. Living. 


Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Loretta Gardner, daughter of Sylvester and Elma (Russell) Gard- 
ner, was born Dec. 13, 1828; married Rynaldo Shaw, Oct. 20, 1847. 

Children : 

Dwight, born July 13, 1849. 

James, born Nov. 2, 1851 ; married Ella Weight of Petersburg, N, 
Y. ; one child : Clayton. 

Elton, born Sept., 1856; married Flora Armsby; two children, died 

Elma, born ; married Edwin D. Matteson. No children. 


Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Myra Gardner, daughter of Sylvester and Ellma (Russell) Gardner, 
was born November 24, 1830; married Ralph Bull, Oct. 20, 1849. 


Frank J., born Nov. 9, 1850. 

Ida Belle, born Apr. 20, 1854; married William Cranston; daugh- 
ter: Clara Louise, born Feb. 14, 1875. 


Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathanid (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Lucy Gardner, daughter of Sylvester and Elma (Russell) Gard- 
ner, was born August 17, 1835 J married John J. Moffitt, Aug. 10. 1853. 
Their children were: 

Charles J., born June 2. 1856: died Dec. 24, 1892. 
Ora E., born June 12, 1858; died Nov. 23, 1882. 



Sarah (or Sally) C. (7), Mary Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Mortimer W., son of Nathaniel and Sarah C. (Wilson) Gardner, 
was born Feb. 21, 1828; died June 13, 1905. He married Mary C. 
Smith, Dec. 22, 1852, daughter of Gardner and Sally (Gardner) Smith. 
Mortimer W. Gardner was a farmer and lived near Smyrna, N. Y., and 
was a member, trustee and liberal supporter of the Baptist church at 
that place. 

Children were: 

Kate M., born June 13, 1856'; married George P. Pudney, of Smyrna, 
Mar. 10, 1880. Children: Bessie Minerva, born May 10, 1884, Gardner 
Walstein, born Oct. 11, 1888; died Mar. 2, 1898. 

Frank Smith, born Dec. 19, i860; married Julia B. Wells, Dec. 17, 
1897. One child: Mary Louise, born Dec. i, 1902. 

Walter Vander, born Dec. 26, 1864; married Margaret Monagle, 
Mar. 18, 1891. Children are: Robert Mortimer, born Dec. 20, 1891 ; died 
1901 ; Homer Vander, born July 26, 1893; Edmund Sidney, born Sept. 
9, 1895; Grace Emily, born Feb. 7, 1898; Walter Wilson, born June 23, 

Minnie Louise, born Apr. 23, 1869. Teacher in Baldwinsville, N. Y. 

Anna Sabrina, born Apr. 7, 1869, Sherburne, N. Y. 

Mary Grace, born Mar. 22, 1872; died July 14, 1886. 

Nathaniel Dwight, born Sept. 7, 1876; died Dec. 7, 1900. 


John S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Clarence R. Gardner, son of John S. and Mary E, (Rose) Gardner, 
was born Jan. 19, 185 1, at Stephentown, New York. Married Lucy 
Tyler, of Sabetha, Kansas. 

Two children were born to them : 

Dora, Feb., 1885. 

Florence, 1890. 

Mr. Gardner's early life was passed upon a farm. His present home 
is Seattle, Wash., where he is engaged in the boot and shoe business. 


John S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Katie E. Gardner, daughter of John Smith and Maty E. (Rose) 
Gardner, was born Oct. 3, 1853, at Stephentown, New York. When 
but three years old she, with her parents, went to Lodi, Wis., where 
she now resides. Married Dwight Narracong, May 5, 1874, son of Jonas 
and Sallie (Hunt) Narracong. Mrs. Narracong now resides at Lodi, 
Wis. (1907)- / 



John S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Florence Ada, daughter of John S. and Mary E. (Rose) Gardner, 
was born Aug. 30, 1850, at Stephentown, New York. In the fall of 1856 
she went with her parents to Lodi, Wis. Married Charles Flanders, 
son of Samuel and Hannah (Thomas) Flanders. 

To them were born two children: 

Clarence G., born Nov. 2, 1875. 

Lola L., born Oct. 7, 1882. 

Mrs. Flanders resided upon a farm in West Point, "W^is., until Sept., 
1897, when, with her family, she removed to Lodi, where she now lives, 
in order to give her children better educational advantages. 


Job (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Chester N. Gardner, son of Job and Sarah A. (Sluyter) Gardner, 
was born March 12, 1873, at West Point, Wisconsin. Married Daisy 
Holdridge, Oct., 1895. 

Five children : 






Mr. Gardner now resides at Waunakee, Wis. 


Job (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

John W. Gardner, son of Job and Sarah A. (Sluyter) Gardner, was 
born Nov. 28, 1856, at Lodi, Wis. Married Dec. 15, 1883, to Emma Hor- 
ton, daughter of Elijah and Anna (Summers) Horton. 

One son: 

Gilbert H., born Sept., 1886. 

Mr. Gardner is a tiller of the soil. His home is in West Point, Wis, 


Job (7). John (6), Nathaniel (5). Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2). 

George (i). 

Fred J. Gardner, son of Job and Sarah A. (Sluyter) Gardner, was 
born Dec. 8, 1859. Married Sara A. Plentz, 1885. Mr. Gardner Hv.'S 
upon the homestead in West Point and is considered a first-class agri- 



Job (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (a), 

George (i). 

George B. Gardner, son of Job and Sarah A. (Sluyter) Gardner) 
>vas born Sept. 10, 1855, at Monroeville, Ohio. Married Jan., 1878, to 
Florence Chrisler, daughter of John W. and Julia A. (Passage) Chrisler. 

Three children: 

Martha E. M., born March 6, 1880; married John Compton, August, 
1903, and resides at Milwaukee. 

Ida M., born Aug. 10, 1881 ; died Sept. 6, 1897 

Charles B., born Apr. 2, 1883. 

Mrs. Gardner, died April 9, 1883. 

Mr. Gardner was a successful teacher from 1878 until his death, 
Xov. 6, 1887. 


Amanda Gardner (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 

Benony (2), George (i). 

Elbert G. Fellows, son of David H. and Amanda M. (Gardner) 
Fellows, was born Nov. 14, 1858, at West Point, Wis. Married Nov. 
29, 1882, Matilda Sanderson, daughter of Allan and (Travis) San- 

Children : 

Avis A., born July 8, 1887. 

Kenneth E., born Nov. 18, 1888. 

David Clayton, born July 25, 1889. 

Mr. Fellows is a successful farmer, living upon the homestead at 
West Point. 


Amanda Gardner (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Bencmy (2), George (i). 

Sydney L. Fellows, son of David Harvey and Amanda M. (Gardner) 
Fellows, was born Oct. 13, 1866, at West Point, Wis. Married Jan. 8, 
1892, to Nellie M. Bartholomew, daughter of R. N. and Priscilla (Eells) 
Bartholomew, of Lodi, Wis. 

Four sons and two daughters: 

Harry Leith, born Jan. 11, 1893. 

Frank C, born March 14, 1895. 

Joseph Smith Dewey, born May 15, 1898. 

Gilbert Claire, born Nov. 26, 1900. 

Amanda P., born June 16, 1903. 

Dorcas E., April 17, 1905. 

Mr. Fellows lives at West Point, Wis, 

Mrs. Fellows died Sept. 13, 1905, 



Frances H. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Ellie J., daughter of J. N. antl Frances H. (Gardner) Fellows, was 
burn Aug. 2, i860, at Lodi, Wis. Married Dec, 1889, to Durward Waf- 
fle, son of Kyron and Donna (Wheeler) Waffle. Mrs. Waffle resides at 
Pendleton, C3regon. 


Frances H. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Viola E., daughter of J. N. and Frances H. (Gardner) Fellows, was 
born Sept. i, 1858, at Lodi, Wis. Married Aug. 7, 1883, to Dr. S. F. 
Verbeck, son of C. C. and Sarah (Knight) Verbeck, of West Point, Wis. 

One son and three daughters : 

Vivian E., born Nov. 2, 1884. 

Norma I., born Sept. 8, 1886. 

Carleton F., Aug. 5, 1888. 

Frances Lucile, born Dec. 2, 1902. 

Dr. and Mrs. Verbeck live at Lodi, Wis. 


Frances H. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Clara J., daughter of J. N. and Frances H. (Gardner) Fellows, was born 
Dec. 21, 1865, at West Point, Wis. Married Dec. 23, 1888, to Frank O. 
Sisson, son of Frank O. and Zilpha (Lyman) Sisson. 

Two children : 

Helen, born Dec. 30, 1889. 

Lisle, born Apr. 2, 1892. 

Mr. Sisson died May, 1894. 

Mrs. Sisson and daughters have a beautiful home at Prairie du 
Sac. Wis. 


Frances H. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Niles, son of J. N. and Frances H'. (Gardner) Fellows, was born 
April 12, i85;4, at Stephcntown, Rensselaer Co., New York. Married 

June 20, 1885, to Mary L. Hesselgrave, daughter of David and 

(Armor) Hesselgrave of West Point, Wis. 

One son : 

Raymond N., born Sept. 17, 1887, at West Point, Wis. 

Mr. Fellows is a painter and resides at Madison, Wis. 





Frances H. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2),. George (i). 

Alice A., daughter of J. N. and Frances H. (Gardner) Fellows, was 
born Dec. 23, 1872, at West Point, Wis. Married Nov. 24, 1892, to 
Charles Verbeck, son of C. C. and Sarah (Knight) Verbeck. 

One daughter: 

Frances EJizabeth, born July 12, 1906. 

Mrs. Verbeck is now (1907) living at Madison, Wis. 


Frances H. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

William, son of J. N. and Frances H. (Gardner) Fellows, was born 
Oct. — , 1849, ^t Stephentown, New York. Married Sept. 7, 1878, to 
Isabella Rapp. 

One son and two daughters: 

NelHe E., born July 4, 1881. 

Harry, born Nov. 25, 1885. 

Abbie, born May 5, 1890. 

Mr. Fellows is a farmer. 


Frances H. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

.Helen M., daughter of J. N. and Frances H. (Gardner) Fellows, 
was born Dec. 4, 1851, at Stephentown, Rensselaer Co., New York. 
Married Dec. 7, 1875, to Charles L. Nott, son of Geo. W. and Maria 
(Nutting) Nott of West Point, Wis. 

Two children: 

Jessie L., Aug. 2, 1883. 

Ethel M., June 14, 1890. 

In Sept., 1898, Mr. and Mrs. Nbtt removed to Lodi, Wis. 


Lucy M. Gardner (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Harriet E., daughter of Stephen E. and Lucy M. (Gardner) Wood- 
ward, was born at Lodi, Wis., Jan. 26, 1859. Married Dec. 6, 1893, Reu- 
ben S. Brown, son of Joseph and Emeline (Newberry) Brown of Lodi, 

Five children: 


Myrtle M., born Aug. 13, 1894; died Mch. 25, 1902. 
Baby boy, born June 19, 1896; died July 7, 1896. 
Walter W., born June 20, 1899. 
Arthur M., born Nov. 13, 1902. 
Mildred M., born May 29, 1906. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brown live at the old homestead near the village of 


Desevignia (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), G«orge (i). 

Mabel I., daughter of Desevignia S. and Mercy A. (Appier) Gard- 
ner, was born July 18, 1870, at Lodi, Wis. Married Aug. 7, 1888, to 
Edward W. S. Houston of Lawrence, Kansas. 

Children : 

Nellie E., born Feb. 13, 1890. 

Mercy M., born Nov. 21, 1891. 

George A., born June i, 1893. 

Warren A., born July 19, 1894. 

Clarence H., born March 30, 1896. 

Bayard T., born July 29, 1902. 

Chester O., born July 20, 1904. , 

Albert E., born Sept. 15, 190(6. 

Mr. and Mrs. Houston reside at Lawrence, Kansas. 


Desevignia (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Albert J., son of Desevignia S. and Mercy A. (Appier) Gardner, 
was born March 23, 1872. Married Oct. 28, 1892, to Amy O. Whipple, 
of Lawrence, Kan. 

To them were born five children: 

Alfred C, born March 22, 1894. 

Albert Ray, born Oct. 13, 1895. 

Marjorie B., born Apr. 27, 1899. 

Helen P., born Jan. 8, 1904. 

Mabel M., born Aug. 11, 1906. 

Mr. Gardner resides at Spokane, Wash. 


Desevignia (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

John H.. son of Desevignia S. and Mercy A. (Appier) Gardner, was 
born Julv 6, 1874. Married to Rosa Vaughn, April 2, 1901. 
One' child : 

Eunice Elizabeth, born June 4, 1902. 
Mr. Gardner lives at or near Lawrence, Kan. 



WilUam D. S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Allen W., son of William D. S. and Julia A. (Martin) Gardner, was 
born Aug. 27, 1864, at West Point, Wis. Married Hattie Davis, Nov. 11, 

Three boys: 

Hazen L., born Apr. 8, 1889. 

Lawrence, born Jan. 19, 1891. 

Wayne, born Apr. 17, 1896. 

Mr. Gardner now lives in the Dominion of Canada where he owns 
and tills a large farm. 


WilUam D. S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Harry U., son of William D. S. and Julia A. (Martin) Gardner, was 
born Nov. 18, 1871. Married Rose Kernerzer, Apr. 25, 1900. 
Two children: 
Floyd, born June 25, 1901. 
Julia S., born July 31, 1904. 
Mr. Gardner follows farming for a living, working his father's farm. 


William D. S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Gilbert H., son of William D. S. and Julia A. (Martin) Gardner, 
was born Dec. 21, 1879, at West Point, Wis. Married Eleanor Vlivian, 
Dec. 24, 1902. Mr. Gardner now lives at Durango, Colo., following his 
his occupation of painting. 


Mary E. Gardner (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

F. Eugene, son of Wallcott E. and Mary E. (Gardner) Chrisler, was 
born at West Point, Wis., Oct. 28, 1868. Married June — , 1892, to Myr- 
tie A. Todd, daughter of Miles G. and Helen (Parker) Todd. 

Two children: 

Elmer Todd, born June 27, 1897. 

Helen M., born June 23, 1899. 

Mr. Chrisler is a merchant at Albert Lea, Minn, 




Waiiam (7), Job (6), Job (5), Benjainin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2)^ George (i). 

Charles C. Gardner, son of William Gardner, the son of Job, mar- 
ried but we have no record of it. 
Children were: 

Elida, married Sidney Regen of Crisfield, Md. 
Ella, married Williani Greenhart of Rensselaer County, N. Y. 
Nelson, resides at Schenectady, N. Y. 
Arthur, resides at Sunnyside, Va. 


William (7), Job (6), Job (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Edward N. Gardner, son of William, the son of Job, was born De- 
cember z^y 1832. Married Martha Ballershall of Chatham, N. Y. 
Their children were: 
William E., married Ella Pary. 
Henry C, resides at Miles, Indian Territory. 
Edward H., married Hattie Pettil. 


William (7), Job (6), Job (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

William H. Gardner, son of William, the son of Job, married Jane 

Children were: 
Leisler, deceased. 
Westfall May, 
John Milton, 
William H., 
Horatio N., 
Caroline, deceased. 
Sarah, deceased. 


Lester (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Cyril S., son of Lester and Lucy (Chandler) Gardner, was bom 
1840; married Catherine Casey, living at Stanbridge, East,* P. Q. 

Children were: 

Lu:v Alice, born July 19, 1861 ; married Albert Laraway, June 25, 
1888. Reside at Stanbridge, East, 


Deborah Catherine, born Jan. i6, 1863; married William Beattie, 
Nov. 19, 1881 ; has three children: Beulah, born Apr. 19, 1885; died 1885; 
Jennie Katherine, born Aug. 29, 1882; Ruby Deborah, born Nov. 30, 
1888. Mr. Beattie died Aug. 4, 1906, at Everett, Mass. 

Pruella Gladys, born April 12, 1867; married Henry Connor, Apr. 
II, 1888. Residence, Bedford, P. Q. 

Dana Cyril, born Mar. 3, 1870; married Hattie Johnson, Oct. 3, 
1890. Residence Stanbridge, P. Q. 

Ethel Irene, born Sept. 19, 1874; married M. Allen Cornell, Sept. 
25, 1895. He is with the Ogilvie Milling Co., Fort William, Ont. 

John Chandler, born Oct. 5, 1876; married Annie Eagen, May 30, 
1906. Residence Hartford, Conn. 


Lester (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Ernest L., son of Lester and Lucy (Chandler) Gardner, was born 
July 6, 1862 ; married Josephine Borden and resides at 455 Pine Street, 
Manchester, N. H. 

Children : 

George Lester, born Dec. 7, 1882.- 

Gertrude Ernestine, born Feb. 5, 1885 ; died June, 1886. 

Dwight Reginald, born June 4, 1890. 


James P. (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Joseph Palmer, son of James Palmer and Elizabeth (Rykerd) Gard- 
ner, was born Nov. 20, 1838; died Aug. 10, 1887. He married Mary 
Martindale, Feb. 9, 1863. 

One son : 

Byron, born Aug. 22, 1867; married Edna Crellor, Sept. 15, 1892. 
One child : Aileen, born Nov. 2, 1898. 

After the death of Joseph Palmer his widow married Johnson Rhi- 
card. Residence Pigeon Hill, P. Q. 


James P. (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

James Herbert, son of James Palmer and Elizabeth (Rykerd) 
Gardner, was born July 11, 1843; died Jan. 21, 1890. He married Nancy 
Hall in 1870. After his death she married (2) E. C. Burt; reside at 
Enosburg Falls, Vt. 

One son : 

Clifford, born 1884; resides at Boston, Mass. 



James P. (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Orcelia, daughter of James Palmer and Elizabeth (Rykerd) Gard- 
ner, was born Oct. 8, 1845; ^^^^l 1871. She married J. W. Martindale, 
March 15, 1863. He died some years ago. 

One child: 

Jennie, born May 5, 1865; died Dec. 31, 1897; married M. E. Stan- 
ton, Apr., 1884. Child: Birney, born Aug. 15, 1885. 


James P. (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2)^ George (i). 

Charles Osborne, son of James Palmer and Elizabeth (Rykerd) 
Gardner, was born Feb. 11, 1848; married Eva Preston in 1880. Lives 
at Santa Ynez, Santa Barbara Co., California. 

Children : 

Three daughters, died young. 

James, born 1893. 


James P. (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Almeda Deborah, daughter of James Palmer and Elizabeth (Ry- 
kerd) Gardner, was born April 13, 1850; died Aug. 19, 1905. She mar- 
ried Eli Martindale in 1874, Stanbridge, East, P. Q. 

Children : 

Ethel, born Dec, 1875. 

James Curtis, born Aug., 1878. 

Grace, born 1880. 

Merritt, born 1887. 


James P. (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Eva, daughter of James Palmer and Elizabeth (Rykerd) Gardner, 
was born Feb. 26, 1853; married Prof. H. S. Hubbard, musician, Apr. 2, 
1877. Resides in Shcrbrooke, P. Q. 


Marv, born Nov. 3, 1878. 

Idell, born Nov. 5, 1884. 



James P. (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 

Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Delbert Morency, son of James Palmer and Elizabeth (Rykerd) 
Gardner, was born Sept. 26, 1855; married Annette Lawrence in 1877. 
Residence, E^osburg Falls, Vt. 

Children : 

Glenna Maria, born Sept. 13, 1877; married Robert Mears; has one 
son, Edward Gardner, born Oct. 7, 1901. Lives at Enosburg Falls, Vt. 

Dwight Merritt, born June 26, 1882. 

William Lawrence, born May 13, 1886. 


Sarah Ann (7), Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

William Gardner Appleton, son of Rev. Samuel G. and Sarah Ann 
(Gardner) Appleton, was born April 17, 1843, at Avon, N. Y. Married 
Kiatherine Ritter, of New York, Oct. 5, 1870. She was born Aug. 21, 
1846, at New York City. 

Children are: 

Floyd, born Aug. 20, 1871. 
Daniel Fuller, born July 16, 1873, at Morisania, N. Y. 

Madelaine, born Aug. 31, 1876; married J. R. Gleason. One child: 
Rosalind, born 1900, died. 

Edith Cushman, born Apr. 29, 1878; married Kenneth Ives, Oct. 30, 
1901. Two children: Kenneth Appleton, born Dec. 30, 1902; Philip, 
born Aug. 8, 1904. 

Osgood, born May 6, 1884; died Nov. 19, 1892. 


Calista Gardner (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Magdaline, daughter of Cyril and Calista (Gardner) Chandler, was 
born July 5, 1861 ; married Montague Rice, October 23, 1884. 
Children are: 

Glenna Chandler, born Oct. 16, 1886. 
Florence Leora, born Mar. 9, 1890. 
Bertha Magdalen, born Dec. 29, 1892. 
Cvril Montag^ue. born May 3, 1895. 
Evelyn Calista Vincent, born Sept. 28, 1898. 



Patience Calsina Gardner (7), Palmer (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3)^ Nicholas (2)^ George (i). 

Emeline A., daughter of Rev. Charles and Patience Calsina (Gard- 
ner) Jones, married (i) George P. Deshon, Jan. i, 1863. 

C3ne son: 

George D., born Aug. 5, 1864, at Brookline, Mass.; A. B. Dart- 
mouth College, 1883; West Point, 1886; M. D. Bellevue Medical Col- 
lege, 1890, and University of Pennsylvania, 1893; Major-Surgeon U. S. 
Army, stationed at Fort Des Moines, Iowa. He .married Susie Howard 
Copeland, July 7, 1886. Two children: Marjorie, born Apr. 14, 1888, 
at Ft, Wayne, Detroit, Mich., Percy, born July 12, 1889, at South Som- 
erset, Mass. 

Emeline A. (Jones) Deshon, married (2) Dr. George S. Eddy of 
Fall River, Mass., Nov. 7, 1870. One son: George Stetson, born Aug. 
9f 1873 ; died Oct. 27, 1897. 


Patience Calsina Gardner (7), Palmer (6), Palmer (5)^ Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sarah Louise, daughter of Rev. Charles and Patience Calsina 
(Gardner) Jones, married David Boal Wilson, Sept. 27, 1870. He was 
the son of John F. and Agnes Sawyer (Boal) Wilson, and was born 
March 12, 1838; graduated at Jefferson College, Washington, Pa., in 
i860; served as volunteer from Aug. 18, 1862, till Sept. 29, 1865; entered 
the Regular Army July 28, 1866; retired March 12, 1902, with the rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel ; retired April 23, 1904, with the rank of Colonel. 
Residence 1721 Rebecca St., Sioux City, Iowa. 

Children : 

Percy, born Jan. 10, 1872, at Ft. Clark, Texas; A. B. Princeton Col- 
lege, 1892; Ann Arbor Law School, 1894; Attorney at law Silver City, 
New Mexico ; married Violette Bertha Caruthers, nee Ashenpelter, Dec. 
25, 1900. 

Guy, born Nov. 19, 1873, at Saxonville, Mass. ; A. B. Princeton Col- 
lege, 1894; Cashier Farmers* State Bank, Laurel Nebraska. 


Hannah Gardner (7), Palmer (6), Palnaer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Caroline E., daughter of Horace Brown and Hannah (Gardner) 
Gates, was born in Jamesville, N. Y., July 10. 1829; married Thaddeus 
Mason Wood in Jamesville. Feb. t8, 1845. She died in Syracuse, N. Y., 
May 20, 1852. Thaddeus Wood was born Aug. 22, 1822; died at Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., Aug. 19, 1865. 


One child was born to them: 

William Theodore, born in Syracuse, May 21, 1848; married Geor- 
giana Durney, January 26, 1902. No children. They reside in Syracuse 
and during the summer conduct a hotel at Inlet, Hamilton Co., N. Y. 


Hannah Gardner (i). Palmer (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

William G., son of Horace B. and Hannah (Gardner) Gates, was 
born at Jamesville, Nl Y., May 22, 1830; married Mary Elizabeth War- 
ner Brown, Oct. 27, 1853, in Syracuse, N. Y. She was born at St. Cath- 
erines, Canada, Oct. 15, 1835, and was the daughter of Johnson Butler 
Brown, son of Peter and Mary (Hare) Brown, born at Port Dalhousie, 
Ont., Jan. 10, 1810; died Feb. 28, 1892, at St. Paul, Minn., and Mary 
Elizabeth Warner, born in Brooklyn, Nl. Y., April 13, 1798; died in 
Rochester, N. Y., 1842 ; daughter of Harvey Warner. 

William G. Gates went to Minnesota in 1857 and in 1862 settled 
permanently in St. Paul. He was in the grain and elevator business 
through the state until about 1895 and for the past ten years he has been 
statistician for the Chamber of Commerce of St. Paul though not in 
active business. 

Children : 

Horace Butler, born May 10, 1856, in Syracuse; married Jessie 
Hackett, May 10, 1882. She was born in Lake City, Minn., Aug. 27, 
1858; daughter of Chas. W. Hackett and Mary Holt. Hie is president 
of the Hackett, Walther, Gates Wholesale Hardware Company of St. 
Paul, Minn. Children: Lewis Harold, born in St. Paul, May i, 1885. 
Sophomore at Cornell University. Frederic Hackett, born Apr. 25, 1892. 

Carolyn Anna, born in St. Paul, Nov. 16, 1866; married in St. Paul, 
Minn, Paris, son of Albert A. and Delia (Murray) Fletcher of Vermont, 
June 19, 1889. No children. 

Mary Brown, born June 18, 1869; died Feb. 27, 1871, in St. Paul, 

Willard Frederic, born Dec. 23, 1870, in St. Paul ; married Katheryn 
Dubois, Feb. 19, 1895. She was daughter of Joseph Oliver and Ann 
(Cody) Dubois. He is city salesman for Hackett, Walther, Gates 
Hardware Co. One child: Carolyn Fletcher, born Dec. 20, 1896. 

Gardner Brown, born in St. Paul, Minn., July 6, 1872; shipping 
clerk for French, Finch & Henry, Wholesale Boots and Shoes, St. Paul. 


Hannah Gardner (7), Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sarah Maria, daughter of Evelyn H. and Hannah (Gardner) Porter, 
married Lewis Sanford Thomas. July 2, 1849. ^c was the son of Na- 
thaniel Gardner Thomas. Mr. T.. S. Thomas was an attorney in New 
York and resided in Orange, N. J. 


Children : 

Clara Mortimer, born July 2, 1850; married Rev. John W. Craig, 
graduate of Harvard University and some time rector of St. John's 
School, Manlius, N. Y. Children: Edith, born Oct. 11, 1880; married 
Minot Lester Wallace; children: Eleanor Wood worth, born Nov. 11, 
1883; Dorothy Mayhew, born Mar. 10, 1885. 

Gardner, born May 25, 1854; died Apr. 14, 1880. 

Mary Evelyn, born Mar. 13, 1861 ; living at Skaneateles, N. Y. 

Frederic Mayhew, born Mar. 11, 1863; married Caroline Lucas, of 
Hagerstown, Md. ; died June 10, 1906. Civil Engineer. 


Hannah Gardner (7), Sylvester (6), Palmtt" (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

William, son of Evelyn H. and Hannah (Gardner) Porter, was born 
Aug. 29, 1830; died N/ov. 9, 1884. He married JuHa Isabella, daughter 
of Horace and Mary Ann (Robertson) Williams of East Hartford, Conn. 
She was born Sept. 10, 1839; died May 19, 1877. 

Children : : 

William Evelyn Porter, born June 16, 1866. 

Kate Isabella, born June 26, 1869; died Aug. 10, 1869, 

Mary, born May i, 1877; died May i, 1877. 


Sarah Gardner (7), Palmer (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Maryette, daughter of Rev. S. E. D. and Sarah (Gardner) Chace, 
was born March 9, 1840, in Bloomington, 111.; married Eh*. Jesse L. 
Waughop, December 28, 1865. He died Feb. 5, 1867. She married (2) 
Francis Adams, Esq., of Chicago, 111., August 26, 1875. ^^' Adams has 
served seventeen years as Judge, first of the Circuit Court and since three 
terms on the Appellate bench. 

Children were : 

Fred, died at the age of 28 years. 

John, died at the age of 20 months. 

Frances Emeline, died at the age of 13 months. 

Two infants unnamed. 

Florence, born 1876; married Mr. Dobson and has an infant daugh- 
ter, Maryette Chace. Mr. and Mrs. Dobson reside with her mother in 
Chicago, caring for her in her all but total blindness. 

Francis, graduated from Amherst College and has now about com- 
pleted his law course at the Northwestern Law School in Chicago. 


Emily Gardner (7), Joseph N. (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Emily Diana, daughter of Rev. D. W. and Emily (Gardner) Sorn- 
berger, was born 1844; died 1898. She married David Peebles. 


Children : 


Jennie, married Howard Sells. Lives in Minnesota. 




Last three live in Boston, Mass. 


Sarah Gardner (7), Palmer (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Wintemoyeh, son of Rev. S. W. D. and Sarah (Gardner) Chase, 
married Galusha James Perkins, at Washington, 111., Oct. 8, 1867. He 
was born at Hannibalville, N. Y., Mar. 31, 1846. They reside at Hud- 
son, Mich. 

Children : 

Clarence De Forest, born Oct. 15, 1869; died July, 1886. 

Bessie Margaret, born Mar. 3, 1873; died Feb. 9, 1882. 

Harry Le Roy, born Apr. 8, 1875 » married Hiarriet Jane Osborne, 
daughter of Joseph W. and Helen A. (Hand) Osborne. Children are: 
Helen Osborne, born May 7, 1898; Margaret Jane, born May 3, 1900; 
Robert Le Roy, born June 11, 1905. 

Robert Martin, born June 10, 1877. 

Bernice Chace, born Aug. 19, 1880; married Francis Joseph McClue, 
Jan. 9, 1906. He was born Mar. 11, 1873, at Mt. Pleasant, Mich. 

Eloise Wintemoyeh, born May 19, 1884. 


Sarah Gardner (7), Palmer (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sarah P., daughter of Rev. S. W. D. and Sarah (Gardner) Chace, 
married James N. Franklin, Dec. 24, 1862. Resides at Lexington, 111. 

Children are: 

Maud Franklin, born July 10, 1864; married to Dr. H. P. Perry, Oct. 
17, 1890. Two children: Ralph Franklin, born Nov. 3, 1891 ; Elvira, 
born 1899. 

John Herbert, born Oct. 25, 1868; married Florence Cameron, Nov. 
28, 1897. Two children: Donald, born 1899; Ruth, born 1901. 

George L., born Mar. 12, 1871 ; married Genevieve Wiggins, June 
23, 1897. Two children: Beatrice, born 1898; Jack, born 1900. 

Irwin Chace, born Apr. 23, 1875 ; married Lucretia Mott Smith, Oct. 
14, IQ02. One child: Sarah Chace, born Oct. 6, 1906. 

Wintemoyeh, born Oct. 28, 1878; married L. B. Strayer, Oct. 29, 

James Russell, born Oct. 5, 1880. Single. 

Edward Lynn, born Feb. 28, 1885. Single. 



Hannah G. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2)^ George (i). 

Oscar, son of Jeremiah and Hannah G. {Smith) Sheffield, was born 
Feb. 12, 1824; married Adeline Chamberlio, Feb. 12, 1851. She was bom 
Nov. 30, 1833, at Mannsville, N. Y. 

Children : 

Alice Louise, born Nov. 5, 1851, at Mannsville, N. Y. ; married Jo- 
seph Hilton Vaughn, Jan. 20, 1875, ^^ Spring Prairie, Wis. He was 
born at Spring Prairie, Jan. 20, 1850, and died there June 20, 1896. Chil- 
dren : Olive AUign, born June 13, 1883 ; married George James Allen, 
Oct. 5, 1904. He was born Sept. 13, 1880. Reside in Chicago, 111. 

Nettie Lillian, born in New York June 23, 1853; married (i) Rich- 
ard J. McDonald, Jan. 6, 1880. One child: Willis Leigh, born July 6, 
1882. She married (2) George Allen Gunther, Feb., 1894. No children. 
Live at Columbus, Wis. 

Nellie Bly, born at Lafayette, Wis., Aug. 6, 1856; died Aug. 12, 
1905, at Spring Prairie, Wis. She married George J. Jewell, Mar. 31, 
1875. He was born May, 1851. Lived at Duluth, Minn. 

Willist, born May 23, 1858; married and lives at Chicago. Three 

Minnie, born at Spring Prairie, Jan. 28, i860; married Henry 
Vaughn, July, 1896. He was born Oct. 30, 1836. Live at Elkhorn, Wis. 
One son: Glenn Henry, born Aug. 21, 1897. 

Harriet Julia, born Apr. 14, 1862, at Spring Prairie. Resides in 
Elkhorn, Wis. 

Cora Belle, born Oct. 15, 1875; died Apr. 19, 1878. 


Hannah G. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Martha E.,* daughter of Jeremiah and Hannah G. (Smith) Sheffield, 
was born June 7, 1830; married John Middleton at Mannsville, Jefferson 
County, N. Y., Jan. i, 1854. 

Six children, four of whom are living: 

Frederick W., born Aug. 26, 1856; resides at Edmonton. Unmarried. 

Jeanette, born Dec. 13, 1859: married Hartwell Benson, of Oswego, 
N. Y. Lives in Syracuse, N. Y. Four children of whom the eldest 
daughter is Mrs. George Porter of Seattle, Wash., mother of two chil- 

John J., born Apr. 13, 1861 ; married Mina Avery of Lyons Co., 
Minn., Nov., 1886. Three sons have been born to them of whom the 
second, a boy of fourteen years, was killed by the accidental discharge 
of his gun while hunting. 

Charles H., born Nov. 19, 1863; married Martha Loser of Oswego 
Co., N. Y., Feb. 17, 1890. 


Children : 

May L., born Dec. ii, 1892. 
Glen C, born Feb. 16, 1893. 
Elsie M., born Dec. 24, 1895. 
John F., born Apr. 24, 1899. 

The three sons of Martha E. (Sheffield) Middleton are farmers and 
stock raisers, all of them owning and running well tilled farms. 


Hannah G. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Celeste Annette, daughter of Jeremiah and Hannah G. (Smith) 
Sheffield, was born November i, 1839. Married Gordon Merrick, Dec, 
1864, and lives in Spring Prairie, Walworth County, Wisconsin. He 
was born Apr. 5, 1836. Cousin of Perez Merrick. 

Children were: 

Lucretia May Gardner, born August 22, 1866. Married Frank E. 
Harry, June 4, 1893. Children: Ray, Roy, Willard, Leonard. 

Edith, born December 21, 1868. Kindergarten Teacher at Fond du 
Lac, Wisconsin. 

George Gates, born July 9, 1871. Died February 7, 1891. 

Eiugene Roderick, born August 31, 1878; married Mae Katzman, 
Jan. 26, 1898. No children. 


William W. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Brainard G., son of William W. and Mary Theresa (Stowe) Smith, 
was born Oct. 20, 1846; married Mary Cornelia Bevier, Sept. 27, 1876. 
She was born Feb. 21, 1853, a descendant of an old Huguenot family, 
the Beviers of Ulster County, where she was born and married. They 
live in New Jersey. 

Children : 

Bevier, born July 30, 1877. 

Amy Gardner, born Mar. 31, 1882; died Aug. 10, 1883. 

Helen Brainard, born Jan. 29, 1886. 


Anne Maria Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Ezekiel B., son of Dewitt C. and Anne Maria (Smith) Sheldon, 
married Alzada Flagg of Sauk County, Wisr., i860. They settled in 
Alzada, Montana. 


They had seven sons, six of whom were: 








Anne Maria Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Caroline, daughter of Dewitt C. and Anne Maria (Smith) Sheldon, 
died 1897. She married Charles R. Ingalls of Minneapolis, Minn. 
Children were: 

Hattie, married Mr. Beaudreau, live at Caron, Assiniboia. 
Fred, lives at Caron, Assiniboia. 


Anne Maria Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Charles F., son of Dewitt C. and Anne Maria (Smith) Sheldon, 
married Belle Hood of Racine, Wis., sister of Mary. Lives at Reeds- 
burg, where Mr. Sheldon is postmaster. 

Children : 

Walter Dewitt, married June 2, 1906, Byrd Hunter of Eau Claire, 
Wis. She was born Oct. i, 1872. He completed his medical studies at 
Vienna and is at present consulting physician at Minneapolis. 

Mabel, graduated at State University at Madison, Wis. Is now 
teaching at Reedsburg. 


Anne Maria Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Amy, daughter of Dewitt C. and Anne Maria (Smith) Sheldon, mar- 
ried Rev. James S. Thomas, M. D.. and was Presbyterian missionary in 
Siam. Fright and general nervous tension during an outbreak of perse- 
cution, together with la grippe, brought on paralysis. After a year or 
more of rest and treatment at Clifton Springs she was largely restored 
to health. Their present address is Fairoaks, Sacramento Co., Cal., 
where the Dr. is in general practice. 



Harriet N. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Josephine S., daughter of Edmund and Harriet N. (Smith) Hand, 
married in Macon, Mich., to William W. Osgood, May 4, 1859. He was 
the son of John and Martha Osgood of Ridgeway, Mich. They reside 
on the farm where they settled forty-two years ago. 

Four chlidren were born to them : 

Edmund Hand, born Jan. 26, 1862, in Hillsdale, Mich.; married 
Estelle M. Miller of Macon, May 27, 1886. Reside in St. Johns, Mich. 
Two children: William H., born May 27, 1888; George E., born Feb. 
16, 1893. 

Harriet M., born Oct. 30, 1865, in Macon ; married Revilo G. Sage, 
a farmer of Macon, Mar. 16, 1893. Child : Edmund Osgood, born Feb. 
10, 1896. 

Willard W., born Aug. 13, 1869; died Aug. 16, 1869. 

May E., born May 16, 1872; married Percy K. Morgan, a farmer of 
Macon, Oct. 3, 1893. Children : Henrietta J., born Nov. 20, 1895, Helen 
M., born Sept. 23, 1901 ; Marjorie, born Feb. 19, 1907. 


Harriet N. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Horace A., son of Edmund and Harriet N. (Smith) Hand, married 
Abbie Green of Hancock, Mass., settled on a farm near Ridgeway, Mich., 
where they still (1907) reside. 

Children : 

Harriet, died in childhood. 

Ella, married Fred Aten and resides in Ridgeway. Three children: 
Leota, Harriet, Gertrude. 

Gertrude, married Alonzo Sisson of Macon. Children: LeMar, 
Truman, Rosella. 

Truman, died in childhood. 

Josephine, married Arthur Phillips of Ashfield, Mass., Sept., 1901. 


Harriet N. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Helen A., daughter of Edmund and Harriet N. (Smith) Hand, was 
born June 10. 1849: married Joseph W. Osborne, Feb. 8, 1871. He is a 
farmer at Macon, Mich. 

Two daughters: 

Anna M., born July 11, 1872. She is instructor in music in the Hi^- 
bee school at Memphis, Tenn, 


Harriet J., born Nov. 28, 1876; married HIarry Perkins, a merchant 
in Hudson, Mich., Aug., 1897. Children: Helen, born May 6, 1898, Mar- 
garet, born Aug. 6, 1901, Robert, born June 11, 1905. 

Mr. Perkins is a great grandson of Palmer (6), Amy's brother. 


Harriet N. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Pahner (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3)^ Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Annette M., daughter of Edmund and Harriet N. (Smith) Hand, 
married Charles C. Hendershot, Dec. 20, 1877. They own the old Ed- 
mund Hand homestead. 

One child: 

Lilah, born March 18, 1889. 


Charlotte E Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Arthur J., son of Charles and Charlotte E. (Smith) Wheeler, was 
born Sept. 25, 1841 : married Dbrlisca J., daughter of Alvin and Ann 
(Harris) Adams. A. B. Northwestern University, 1866, Pres. of the Eau 
Claire Wesleyan Seminary, Eau Claire, Wis., 1866-7; B. D. Garrett 
Biblical Institution, 1870; A. M. Northwestern University; Ph. D. Mc- 
Kindree College, 1899. He has had one pastoral charge in Wisconsin 
and seventeen in Michigan during the thirty-eight years of his minis- 
try. He resides in Marcellus, Mich. 

One child: 

Florence, died Sept. 3, 1889. 


Charlotte E. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Cornelia A., daughter of Charles and Charlotte E. (Smith) Wheeler, 
was born Aug. 10, 1845 ; married Charles Holyoke of Chicago, 111., Oct., 
1875. His parents were Mr. and Mrs. Christopher of Nova Scotia. He 
was legally adopted by Dr. and Mrs. Edward Hblyoke of Chicago. Dr. 
Holyoke was of an old Colonial family. Mrs. Holyoke was Maria Ballard 
of Mass. His family came to Quincy, 111., and during the Civil war the old 
homestead was a well known station on the "underground railroad.*' 
Charles was a student at Oberlin and prepared himself for an elocution- 
ist. He died Oct., 1893. 

Children were: 

Charles Edward, born Aug. 29, 1876; married Eva L.» daughter of 
C. G. Chamberlin, of Lockport, 111. Two children: Edward, born Dec. 
20, IQ02 ; Virginia Delight, born Nov. 18, 1904. 

Eleanor Mary, born Nov. 27, 1878. 

Mrs. Holyoke resides at 1808 Van Camp Avenue, Omaha, Neb. 



Sylvester G. (7), Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Virginia J., daughter of Sylvester G. and Juliana (Scouten) Henry, 
was married Feb. 22, 1866, to Adin Gibson at Fond du Lac, Wis. Since 
1868 their residence has been Grundy Co., Iowa. 

Adin Gibson was born April 13, 1841, in Summit County, Ohio. In 
1854 with his parents he removed to Fond du Lac County, Wis. From 
Sept. II, 1861, till Oct. 9, 1865, he served in the Federal army. Company 
H, 14th Wis. Infantry. 

They have one child: 

Alma Geneva, born July 14, 1867. 


Sylvester G. (7), Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Vietta J., daughter of Sylvester G. and Julianna (Scouten) Henry, 
was married March 12, 1871, to Alfred Cheesman in Grundy Co., Iowa. 
Children : 

Llewelyn, born Sept. 11, 1872; died Feb. 15, 1879. 
Clarence, born Sept. 30, 1876. 
Frederick, born April 8, 1880; died Jan. 30, 1881. 
Elmer, born March 31, 1882. 
Bertha, born Dec. 6, 1883. 


J. Harvey (7), Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Caroline M., daughter of J. Harvey and Laura (Tillotson) Henry, 
was born May 2, 1843, *" Medina Co., Ohio. She was married Jan. 19, 
1866, at Fond du Lac, Wis., to Charles W. Gibson. From 1869 till Mr. 
Gibson's death, Jan. 16, 1884, they resided in Grundy Co., Iowa. 

They had two children : 

Lola E., born Feb. 6, 1871 ; married March 16, 1892, to Francis C. 

Mr. and Mrs. Erickson reside in Grant Township, Grundy Co. They 
have three children: Theron, born Nov. 21, 1896. Milton Kenneth, 
born March 30, 1898; died March, 1901. Lawrence, born Apr. 27, 1902. 

Lucie E., born April 2, 1873. 


Hannah M. Henry (7), Hannah Gardner (6), Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Marcus H., son of Marcus P. and Hannah M. (Henry) Ashley, was 
bom Aug. II, 1841 ; living at Madison, Wis. H:e married Laura Helen 
Mooney, of Windsor, Wis., who died Jan. j8^ 1884, 


Children : 

William Prentiss, born in Grant Township, Grundy County, Iowa, 
March i6, 1868; died Mar. 5, 1906, at Milwaukee; married Ann Koehler. 
One child: William Henry, born 1900. 

Maude Emma, born in Grundy County, Iowa., Mar. 3, 1876; married 
June 29, 1899, George Edwin Leech, veterinary surgeon of Winona, 

Madge Laura, born at Madison, Wis., Dec. 26, 1883. Resides at 
Windsor, Wis. 


Nathaniel (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5,) Joshua (4), Robert (3), 
George (2), George (i). 

John J., son of Nathaniel and Sarah Calkins (Wilson) Gardner, was 
born June 22, 1820; died July 22, 1893, at Hancock, Mass.; married Arta- 
lissa Smith, daughter of Gardner and Sally (Gardner) Smith, January 
23, 1844, at Hancock, Mass. She was born Dec. 17, 1822; died May 5, 


Their children were : 

Don Aurelius, born May 2, 1846. 

Sarah Adella, born Nov. 22, 1849; unmarried. 

John J. Gardner, married (2) Abbie S. Smith, daughter of Augustus 
and Susan (Cranston) Smith, January 4, 1859. She died October 28, 
1899. One child: 

William Augustus, born May 30, 1861, at South Williamstown, 

Abigail S. (Smith) Gardner, was the granddaughter of Daniel and 
Eunice (Gardner) Smith. 


Nathaniel (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5,) Joshua (4), Robert (3), 
George (2), Greorge (i). 

Robert P. Gardner, son of Niathaniel and Sarah Calkins (Wilson) 
Gardner, was born Mar. 19, 1823. Died April 9, 1884, at Stephentown, 
N. Y. Married Caroline Sweet, Nov. 19, 185 1. She was born Aug. 28, 
1823. Died Apr. 15, 1900. They lived at Stephentown, N. Y. 

They had two children: 

Noah E., born Nov. 21, 1854. Married Elizabeth Moore, Feb. 22, 
1877. No children. 

John H., born August 26, 1856. Married Caroline E. Sweet. 


Nathaniel (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5,) Joshua (4), Robert (3), 
George (2), George (i). 

Mortimer Wilson Gardner, son of Nathaniel and Sarah Calkins 
(Wilson) Gardner, was born Feb. 21, 1828, at Hancock, Mass. Died 



June 13, 1905. Married Mary C, daughter of Gardner and Sally (Gard- 
ner) Smith, December 22, 1852, and settled on a farm in Sherburne, N. 
Y., where he died. His widow lives at Smyrna, N. Y. 

Children : 

Kate M., born June 13, 1856; married G. P. Pudney, Smyrna, N. Y. 

Frank Smith, born Dec. 19, i860. A druggist at Baldwinsville, N. Y. 

Walter Vander, born Dec. 26, 1864. Living at Smyrna, N. Y. 

Minnie Louise, born Apr. 23, 1867. Teacher at Baldwinsville, N. Y. 

Anna Sabrina, born Apr. 7, 1869, Sherburune, N. Y. 

Mary Grace, born Mar. 22, 1872, deceased. 

Nathaniel Dwight, born Sept. 7, 1876, deceased. 


Perry G. (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), 
George (2), George (i). 

Sabrina Gardner, daughter of Perry Green and Esther (Ely) Gard- 
ner, was born May 26, 181 1 ; died June 13, 1840; married Samuel Wash- 
burn Wilson, son of John, Jr., and Mary (Gardner) Wilson, April, 1838. 
He was born January 25, 1792; died August 31, 1874. They settled in 
Smyrna, N. Y., and died there. He was for many years a prominent 
citizen of that place. 

One son : 

Gardner P., born June 5, 1840; died several years ago in Minneapo- 
lis, Minn., childless. 


Eunice Minerva (7), Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), 
Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Lx>uie Minerva Gardner, daughter of Reuben E. and Eunice Minerva 
(Gardner) Gorton, was born December 23, 1842; married (i) William 
Shires, at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., Sept. 10, 1861. After his decease 
she married (2) William C. Silver, June 8, 1876. They live at Pauls- 
boro, Gloucester Co., N. J., where he has served as Magistrate. 

Children of first marriage : 

Gorton, born Sept. 27, 1862; married Mary Early and have two 
sons : Gorton, Jr., and Willie. 

Estella, born May 6, 1864; married Chas. L. Le Cato, two children; 
Gladys and Charles B. 

Child of second marriage: 

Nellie, born June 7, 1877; unmarried. 


Eunice Minerva (7), Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), 
Robert (3), George (3), George (i). 

Adelos Gorton, son of Peuben E. and Eunice Minerva (Gardner) 
Gorton, was born at Watervliet, Albany County, N. Y., April 14, 1848. 



Married (i) Eunice Fanning Barringer, daughter of Albert P. and EUiz- 
abeth (Fanning) Barringer, of Troy, N. Y., April 23, 1891. She died 
November 19, 1892. Mr. Gorton married (2) Alice E. Potter, daughter 
of Joseph Kinnecut and Almira Warner (Cooper) Potter, of German- 
town, Pa., December 4, 1895. 

One child: 

Adelos, Jr., born Sept. 30, 1896, in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mr. Gorton is an old Philadelphia book publisher and has printed, 
bound and sold many thousands of copies of Teachers and Family Bibles 
and other books. He is an editor and writer and has recently published 
a book entitled "Life and Times of Samuel Gorton," a Colonial History 
of Rhode Island. He is a member of the American Academy and var- 
ious societies. He resides at 4345 Paul Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 


Eunice Minerva (7), Capt. Joehua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), 
Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Josie Delia Gorton, daughter of Reuben and Eunice Minerva (Gard- 
ner) Gorton, was born September 8, 1850, at Watervliet, Albany County, 
N. Y. Married Dr. James A. Wamsley, son of John B. and Judith (Bur- 
roughs) Wamsley of Mullica Hill, Gloucester Co., N. J., December 26, 
1869. Dr. Wamsley is a graduate of Jefferson Medical College, and was 
City Physician for many years. Now of Philadelphia. He is the author 
of Arabian Degree Klan and other rituals. 

Their children were : 

James Winter, born Jan. 22, 1873; married Ann C. Meeley. 

Clair Armenia, born May 23, 1880; married Elizabeth T. Anderson. 


Eunice Minerva (7), Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), 
Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

George Russell Gorton, son of Reuben E. and Eunice Minerva 
(Gardner) Groton, was born May 26, 1853, at Watervliet, Albany Coun- 
ty, N. Y. Married Lena Hopf, Saturday, August 29, 1896. She died De- 
cember 2, 1902. He died July 5, 1904. 

Their children are: 

Carl Russell, born Jan. 16, 1898, in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Alfred Hopf, born May 16, 1901, in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Willie, born Apr. 3, 1902; died Mar. 27, 1903. 

Harry, born April 3, 1902; died Feb. 18, 1904. 

George R. Gorton was in the book publishing business with his 
brother in Philadelphia for many years. He was killed in a collision of 
trains on the suburban railway while going from his home to his busi- 
ness in the center of the city. 



Susan (7), Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3), 
George (2), George (i). 

Josephine Minerva Russell, daughter of George and Susan (Gard- 
ner) Russell, was born February 24, 1834. Married Cornelius Stewart 
Master, January 6, 1857, at East Salem, N. Y. He died at Charleston, 
West Virginia, June 8, 1906. 

Three children: 

Anna Susan, 

Helen Marguerite, 

Mary Emila, kindergarten teacher, Rochester, N. Y. 

Mr. Masters was a civil engineer. They lived at Beloit, Wis., Mil- 
waukee, Wis., Chicago, 111., and Cambridge, N. Y., before the war. He 
was four years in the war, after which they lived in Cambridge eleven 
years; in Rochester, N. Y., three years; in Moberly, Mo., ten years; in 
Phoenix, Arizona, ten years, and in Charleston, W. Va. 

While working on the Maricopa & Proenix Ry., Mr. Masters' health 
failed. A flood carried away his bridge and trestle and he was stricken 
with nervous prostration. For the past fourteen years he has been an 
invalid with locomotor ataxia and mental collapse. 


Ishmael (7), Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), Robert (3). 

George (2), George (i). 

Ann Eliza Gardner, daughter of Ishmael and Cynthia (Dyer) Gard- 
ner, married a Mr. Moore and lived in Beloit, Wis. 

Four children were born to them : 

Henry, lives at Devil's Lake, Wis. 

Ransom, lives at Owatonna, Minn. 

Hattie, married Major Myrick. Deceased. 

Helen, married Gen. Ruger. Two daughters, one is living at Eas- 
ton. Pa. 


Sarah A. Townsend (8), Gardner Townsend (7), Dorcas Gardner (6), 
Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (i), George (i). 

Frank F. Laird, son of Dr. William O. and Sarah A. (Townsend) 
Laird, was born April 15, 1856. Died in Atlantic City, N. J., Aug. 20, 
1906. He married (i) Annie Cole Taylor, of Ultica, N. Y., May 30, 
1883. She died May 20, 1895. Her parents were the Hon. William B. 
and Eliza Ann (Fairbanks) Taylor of Utica, N. Y. He married (2) 
Mary Ella Pixlee June 23, 1896. She was the daughter of William 
Franklin and Sarah Jane (Price) Pixlee, of Seattle, Wash. 

His children were both by his first wife : 

Frank Townsend, born Oct. 3, 1885, at Utica, N. Y. 

Mary Louise, born May 12, 1890, at Utica, N. Y. 


Dr. F. F. Laird was graduated from Hamilton College in 1877, ^^~ 
celling in every department of study during his course, but taking espe- 
cial delight in oratory. In this he was given a start by his cousin, Hor- 
ace Samuel Dyer of Whitestown. In his senior year he carried off the 
prize at the intercollegiate oratorical contest at the Academy of Music in 
New York city. He was class orator at graduation. He studied medicine 
and graduated valedictorian of his class at the Hahnemann Medical Col- 
lege in Philadelphia. From 1881 to 1900 he practiced his profession 
in Utica, and met with great success in his calling. Gradually, how- 
ever, asthma got the better'of him so that he was obliged to remove to 
the milder climate of Los Angeles. There with surprising rapidity he 
built up a splendid practice but in 1904 he had to give up the fight. He 
returned to Utica and there resumed his residence the remaining two 
years of his life. 

The Utica Daily Press says of him : 

'There are hundreds still living hereabouts who remember Frank 
Laird as one of the brightest boys of Whitestown Seminary and at Ham- 
ilton College. They remember him as a brilliant scholar, an eloquent 
speaker and a popular and much beloved associate. Hds course in school 
and college set the pace and gave promise, of the professional success 
which he achieved in after years. It was easy for him to lead in his 
studies and he did it always. It seemed likewise easy for him to succeed 
in his profession. He had not been very long in practice here before he 
drew around him a large circle of acquaintances who became patients 
and patients who became friends. It falls to the fortune of but few 
physicians to have either a better or a better class of practice than Dr. 
Laird had in Utica. 

"Intellectually bright and keen, of genial, kindly disposition, he 
had those qualities and attributes in a large measure which go to make 
up a successful physician. 

"Those familiar with the facts have realized the little likelihood 
there was that he could regain his health and realize his ambitions about 
returning to his practice, but even to these the news of his death comes 
as a severe shock and a heavy sorrow." 


Sarah (8), Horace Djrer (7), Abigail Gardner (6), Palmer (5), 
Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2)^ George (i). 

May, daughter of Dr. Frederick and Sarah (Dyer) Henderson, mar- 
ried Francis Stuyvesant Peabody of Chicago. 

Two children: 


May Henderson, 

The following is from the Chicago Record-Herald of Nov. 28, 1906: 

"Mrs. Francis S. Peabody, wife of F. S. Peabody, president of the 
Peabody Coal Company, died yesterday at Nice, France, after a brief 
illness of typhoid fever. Mrs. Peabody left Chicago Oct. i, last, in the 
company of Miss Florence Clark of this city for a tour of Europe. Thev 
first visited Naples, and a week ago, just after their arrival in Nice, Mrs, 



Peabody was stricken with typhoid fever. She was Miss May Hender-" 
son, daughter of a leading business man of Utica, N. Y., and was mar- 
ried to Mr. Peabody in 1887. She leaves two children, May and Stuy- 
vesant, both of whom are in the East attending school. Her mother, 
who by a second marriage became Mrs. John H. McAvoy died about a 
year ago. Mrs. Peabody was forty-one years old. The body will be 
brought to Chicago for burial." 


William G. Appleton (8), Sarah Ann Gardner (7), Sylvester (6), 

Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 

Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Floyd, son of William G. and Kathefine (Ritter) Appleton, was 
born Aug. 20, 1871, at IVIorrisania, N. Y. After graduating from Gram- 
mar school No. 61, he studied at the College of the City of N.ew York, 
where he was Prize Speaker in 1891-2. In this latter year he entered 
Columbia University and received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the 
Class of 1893. 

He graduated from the General Theological Seminary in 1896, be- 
ing Seymour Prizeman (for extempore speaking) that same year and 
was ordered Deacon by the Bishop of New York, May 31st, 1896. After 
serving as Chaplain of the City Prison and Ludlow Street Jail, New 
York, for about six months, he became Curate of Grace Church, Plain- 
field, New Jersey, where he was ordained Priest by the Bishop of New 
Jersey, April 24th, 1898. At the Fourth Lambeth Conference he served 
as Chaplain to the Bishop of Texas in 1897, and in the summer of 1900 
was in residence at the Oxford House, London. A sermon entitled: 
"The Verdict of Mankind on the Facts Found in the Trial of Jesus of 
Nazareth," preached in the University Chapel at Bonn, was printed by 
request in 1900. During the years 1893-4 and again from 1897 to 1900 he 
was in residence as a graduate student at Columbia University, and re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1906. 

He took charge of the Mission Chapel of St. Luke's Church, Brook- 
lyn, New York, in 1901, and the following year became Assistant to the 
Rector of Christ Church, Brooklyn. In 1904 he assumed the Rector- 
ship of St. Clements Church, in the same place. 


Virginia J. Henry (8), Sylvester G. (7), Hannah Gardner (6), 

Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 

Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Alma G., daughter of Adin and Virginia J. (Henry) Gibson, was 
born July 14, 1867, and married Dec. 19, 1894, to Francis M. Merrick. 
She died May 21, 1902, at Reinbeck, Iowa, survived by three children: 

Floyd G., born Dec. 16, 1895. 

Ruth G., born March 2. 189S. 

Marwin P., born Sept. 8, 1900. 



Artalissa (7), Sally (6), Capt. Daniel (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

John J. (8), Nathaniel (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), 
Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Don Aurelius, son of John J. and Artalissa (Smith) Gardner, was 
born May 2, 1846; married Leonella Moore, November 15, 1879. 
Their children are: 

Maude Adella, born May 31, 1881, at Hancock, Mass. 
Howard J., born Sept. 10, 1891, at Hancoc)c, Mass. 


John J. (8), Nathaniel (7), Robert (6), Nathaniel (5), Joshua (4), 
Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

William A., son of John J. and Abbie S. (Smith) Gardner, was 
born May 30, 1861, at South Williamstown, Mass. Married Jennie Eliza- 
beth Fillmore, daughter of William H. and Ella J. Fillmore, November 
14-15, 1895, at Hancock, Mass. She was born Nov. 11, 1878. 

Their children were : 

Jay Hammond, born Nov. 16, 1897. 

Ray Bishop, born June 28, 1900. 

Mary Minerva, born Oct. 18, 1902. 

Ruby, born Dec. 12, 1905; died Dec. 13, 1905. 

Ruth, born Dec. 12, 1905 ; died Dec. 22, 1905. 

William A. Gardner lives on the farm settled by his great, great- 
grandfather, Nathaniel (5). 


Josephine M. (8), Susan (7), Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), 
Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Anna Susan Masters, daughter of Cornelius S. and Josephine M. 
(Russell) Masters, married her cousin, Wilmer Russell Estill, at Cat- 
lettsburg, Ky. He is a printer. They reside at Charleston, W. Va. 

They have four children : 

Davis Hudson, 

Josephine May, 

Anna Masters, 

Cornelius Masters. 



Josephine M. (8), Susan (7), Capt. Joshua (6), Nathaniel (5), 
Joshua (4), Robert (3), George (2), George (i). 

Helen M. Masters, daughter of Cornelius S. and Josephine M. (Rus- 
sell) Masters, married Clare Latimore Montgomery, of Rochester, N. Y. 
Three children: 
Gardner Masters, 
Russell Francis, 
Robert Carter. 


William (8), Hannah Gardner (7), Sylvester (6), Palmer (5), Sylves- 
ter (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

William Evelyn, son of William and Julia I. (Williams) Porter, 
was born June 16, 1866. Is a physician in general practice at 149 West 
37th Street, New York City, and ranks high in his profession. He mar- 
ried Mary Rossiter, daughter of John Rossiter and Mary Elizabeth 
(Wilkes) Redfield, July 8, 1885. 

Children : 

William Redfield, born July 29, 1886. A law student in Columbia 
University; Valedictorian of the class of 1906. 

Edward Evelyn, born June 5, 1888. Student in Columbia Univer- 
sity; pursuing at the same time preparation for the medical profession. 


Florence A. Gardner (8), John S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Clarence G. Flanders, son of Charles S. and Florence A. (Gardner) 
Flanders, was born Nov. 2, 1875, ^^ West Point, Wis., where he enjoyed 
the pleasures of a farmer's life. Married Dec. 23, 1903, to Susan Wal- 
lace, and now lives at Lodi, Wis. Occupation at present (1907) Tonsor- 
ial Artist. 


Florence A. Gardner (8), John S. (7), John (6), Nathaniel (5), Job (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lola L. Flanders, daughter of Chas. S. and Florence A. (Gardner) 
Flanders, was born (^ct. 7, 1882, at West Point, Wis. Married Feb. 12, 
1907, to Elmer E. Mills, son of Job and Amanda (Dye) Mills.. Mrs. 
Mills resides at Madison, Wis., where her husband is engaged in mer- 
cantile business. 



Daniel J. Sheffield (8), Hannah Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), Pal- 
mer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Francis J., son of Daniel J. and Hannah (Smith) Sheffield, was 
born April 20, 1874, at Spring Prairie, Walworth Co., Wis.; married 
Berdine Estelle Hamilton, Nov. 26, 1903. He is a farmer and resides ai 
Springfield, Minn. No children. 


Cornelia A. Wheeler (8), Charlotte E. Smith (7), Amy Gardner (6), 
Palmer (5), Sylvester (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Eleanor Mary, daughter of Charles and Cornelia A. (Wheeler) Hol- 
yoke, married Melvin Barker, or Barber, of Chicago. Children are: 
Ethel Mary, born July 19, 1899. 
Alice, born June 11, 1903 
Twin boys, died at birth 
Bertha Alice, born July 16, 1882 


William H. (8), William (7), Job (6), Job (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Westfall May Gardner, son of William H. and Jane (Flagler) Gard- 
ner. Married Margaret . 

Their children are: 


John W., 





William H., 

Andrew Jackson. 


William H. (8), William (7), Job (6), Job (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John Milton Gardner, son of William H. and Jane (Flagler) Gard- 
ner, married Eugenia Northup. . No children. 

John M. Gardner was born the 30th day of June, i8«;8, at Edenville, 
Orange County, New York. He is the third son of William H. Gard- 
ner. His father for many years was a teacher and principal in the pub- 
lic schools and academies of various places in Orange and Ulster coun- 
ties and was a man who possessed varied learning. 


Mr. Gardner received special instruction and tutorage from his father 
and completed his studies preparatory to entering college with his father, 
but at the age of nineteen he entered the law office of E. A. Van Sickle, 
Esq., a prominent member of the OrangeCounty bar, as a student at 
law and studied until he was admitted to the bar, May, 1881, settling at 
Broadabin, Fulton County, New York. 

Mr. Gardner had a lucrative practice, acting as attorney, among 
other clients, for the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, 
in then what was known as the eighteenth progressive district, combin- 
ing the counties of Montgomery, Fulton and Saratoga. He married 
Virginia, the daughter of Mr. Leonard S. Nbrthrup, one of the most 
prominent manufacturers and citizens of Fulton County, and immed- 
iately after completing an extensive European trip, settled at Newburgh, 
N^w* York, in Orange County, where he continued the practice of law. 
At the Orange County bar he acquired immediate prominence in suc- 
cessfully prosecuting several cases of importance, one among which gave 
him reputation as a trial lawyer, in his professional work, to wit, the 
settlement of Mowatt vs. Mowatt, in which he recovered nearly $1,000,- 
000 for his client, whereas when he started he had an almost hopeless 

After practicing in Newburgh for about ten years, he moved to 
New York in 1895 where ever since he has been a member of the New 
York bar, identified with many important litigations. Mr. Gardner is 
also the editor of the American Negligence Report, the most extensive 
and best known work on that subject. 


William H. (8), William (7), Job (6), Job (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William H. Gardner, Jr., son of William H. Sr., and Jane (Flagler) 
Gardner, married Mary Stout. 
Children were: 
John N., 
lanthe M., 
Gladys E. 


William H. (8), William (7), Job (6), Job (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Horatio N. Gardner, son of William H., Sr., and Jane (Flagler) 
Gardner, married Margaret A. Heckmann, daughter of William Heck- 
mann, of Archbald, Pa. 

Children were : 

Horatio Forest, born Feb. 11, 1894. 

Pearl Jeanette. born April 28, 1895. 

Euc^ena Margaret, born the 20th of Nov., 1896. 

John Milton, born the 20th of Oct., 1898. 



George W. (8), George (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Burton J. Gardner, son of George W. and Aucelia A. (Rose) Gard- 
ner, was born February 3, 1849, ^^ Stephentown, N. Y. ; removed with 
his parents to Green Co., N. Y. ; married Virginia M. Putnam, daughter 
of John J. and Magdalene Putnam, Nov. 22, 1874. She was born Jan. 
26, 1852. No children. 

Mr. Gardner experienced the early days of Wisconsin, having re- 
moved there in 1884 and was engaged as a farmer and a dealer in lum- 
ber until 1890. His latter years have been occupied in banking and- tele- 
phone interests. 


George W. (8), George (7). Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles F. Gardner, son of George W. and Aucelia A. (Rose) Gard- 
ner, was born April 2. 1853, at Stephentown, N. Y. ; married Mary L. 
Davis, daughter of John U. Davis, of Monroe, Wis. She was born 
March 11, 1852. 

Children: . 

Maud A., born July 24,* 1883. 

Nellie E., born March 12, 1885. 

Charles F. Gardner was but three years of age when taken to the 
forest home of Wisconsin where he was reared and has devoted his life 
to agricultural pursuits. He is a retired farmer, enjoying the accumula- 
tions of his life. 


George W. (8), George (7), Caleb (6),* Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4). 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John W. Gardner, son of George W. and Aucelia A. (Rose) Gard- 
ner, was born Oct. 6, 1855. at Stephentown, N. Y. ; married Dorothy E. 
Springsted of Brodhead, Wis., 1875. ^ ^tg^ S«^r, //, Af 4J^ 

Children : 

Harry W., born November 29, 1877. t>ie^ Jui^y *^* •^•^f 

John F., born October 20, 1879. 

Sadie A., born November 10, 1883. ^i^> J)ffcBi^l^B^ ^/ 'f-Ti 

John W. Gardner was an infant when his parents removed to Brod- 
head, Wis., and by recollection knows nothing of the place of his birth. 
Reared and educated in the new western home he made for himself the 
opportunities. His life was spent largely upon his farm. He served as 
sheriff of his county and is at present a retired farmer. His son, Harry 
W. Gardner, is Professor of Civil Engineering of the Illinois State Unf- 
versity, Champaign, Illinois. His son, John F. Gardner, is bookkeeper 
in a bank at Larimore, North Dakota. 



Mary Emily (8), George (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjajmin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (3), George (i). 

Nettie C. Smith, daughter of Roderick M. and Mary Emily (Gard- 
ner) Smith, was born January 13, 1851 ; married Enos Warren Persons 
of Brodhead, Wis., Dec. 16, 1873. 

Children : 

Ray, born April 12, 1877; died October 6, 1877. 

Nellie Haines, born August 13, 1880. 

Myron Bowen, born October 24, 1888. 


Francis, Jr. (8), Frances (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4). 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (3), George (i). 

Belle Gardner, daughter of Francis, Jr., and Nancy (Vantiflin) 
Gardner, was born September 17, 1863. Married George H. Vailance, 
April 18, 1892. 

One son has been born to them : 

Frank Gardner, born September 26, 1894. 


Simeon V. (8), Frances (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (3), George (i). 

Ida O. Gardner, daughter of Simeon V. and Susan (Wilson) Gard- 
ner, was born April 28, 1855 ; married Seward F. Harper, Dec. 3, 1879. 
Children : 

An infant, born and died April, 1882. 
William Gardner, born May 12, 1887. 


Loretta (8), Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (3), George (i). 

Dwight Shaw, son of Rinaldo and Loretta (Gardner) Shaw, mar- 
ried Harriet Cranston. 
Children : 



Myra (8), Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Beriony (2), George (i). 

Frank J. Bull, son of Ralph and Myra (Gardner) Bull, was bom 
November 9, 1850. Married Flora Cranston. 
Their children were: 
Josephine, born September 11, 1874. 
Harry, born April 14, 1879. 
Edwina, born May 20, 1891. 


Lucy (8), Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Ora E. Moffitt, daughter of John J. and Lucy (Gardner) Moffitt, 
was born June 12, 1858; died Nov. 25, 1882; married Charles W. Ford 
of North Adams, New York. 

One child: 

Charles Moffitt, born November 12, 1882. 


Kirk E. (8), Daniel (7), John (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Minnie Joanna Gardner, daughter of Kirk E. and Helen M. (Had- 
sell) Gardner, was born August 12, 1856; married Fern Eldridge Sep- 
tember 28, 1875. 

Children are: 

Mabel Grace, born March 18, 1878. Living at Pittsfield, Mass. 

Alice L., born March 8, 1880. Living at Pittsfield, Mass. 


Kirk E, (8), Daniel (7), John (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John Daniel, son of Kirk E. and Helen M. (Hadsell) Gardner, was 
born April 19, i860; married Ida C. Whitman. 

One daughter: 

Dora K., born October 9, 1883. Living at Hancock, Mass. 

Mr. Gardner is a man of no small talent and usefulness. He re- 
mained upon the old homestead of his grandsires till a short time since, 
when he purchased a property and removed from the farm. 

He represented Berkshire County in the State Legislature in 1903. 



Helen M. Gardner (8), Daniel (7), John (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Daniel Gardner Shumway, son of Charles Frederick and Helen M. 
(Gardner) Shumway, was born July 3, 1874, at Lebanon Springs, N. 
Y. ; married to Candace Rebecca Varnum October 15, 1902. She was 
born at Cropsey, Illinois, March 22, 1879. 

One child has been born to them : 

Helen Madeline, born June 16, 1903, at St. Paul, Minn. 


Charles (8), Silas (7), John (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Lewis Crapo Gardner, son of Charles and Louise M. (Crapo) Gard- 
ner, was born November 17, 1866, at Hancock, Mass.; married Annie 
Leake, of Albemarle County, Va. 

They have four children, two boys and two girls, but we have no 
record of their birth. Mr. Gardner lives at Louisville, Ky. 


Charles (8), Silas (7), John (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Harry Gilson Gardner, son of Charles and Louise M. (Crapo) 
Gardner, married Matilda Hall, daughter of Frederick Hall, editorial 
writer of the Chicago Tribune. Mr. Gardner li\res in Washington, D. 
C, and is staff correspondent for many papers. No children. 


Charles (8), Silas (7), John (6), Caleb (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Walter Allport Gardner, son of Charles and Emma A. (Schute) 
Gardner, is unmarried and lives at Chicago, 111. He is associated with 
the Marshall Field Co., and other large corporations. 


Elizabeth G. Doty (8), L. Louisa Gardner (7), John (6), Caleb (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary Oakley, daughter of Hiram A. and Blizdabeth G. ((Doty) 
Carpenter, married L S. F. Dodd of Pittsfield, Mass., Sept. 20, 1892. 
Their children are: 

Elizabeth Carpenter, born Feb. 14, 1894. 
Spenc^l" S-, born May 17, 1896. 



Elizabeth G. Doty (8), L. Louisa Gardner (7), John (6), Caleb (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

C. Lockwood, son of Hiram A. and Elizabeth G. (Doty) Carpenter, 
married L. Amanda Clark, November 18, 1902. 
Their children are: 
C. Whitney, born June 28, 1903. 
Margaret Louisa, born March 31, 1906. 


Nettie C. (9), Mary Emily (8), George (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Nellie Haines Persons, daughter of Bnos Warren and Nettie ('. 
(Smith) Persons, was born Aug. 13, 1880. Married Jasper Curtis Was- 
son, of Depere, Wis., Nov. 13, 1899. 

Children : 

Reid Persons, born September 7, 1900. 

Marion Nellie, born October 8, 1903. 

Gunter Curtis, born March 5, 1906. 


Frank (9), Myra Gardner (8), Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Josephine Bull, daughter of Frank J. and Flora (Cranston) Bull, 
was born September 11, 1874; married Charles Budlong. 
Children : 

Ruth, born Dec. 11, 1897. 
Flora, born Apr. 28, 1899. 
Mettie, born June 16, 1963. 


Frank (9), Myra Gardner (8), Sylvester (7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Harry Bull, son of Frank J. and Flora (Cranston) Bull, was born 
April 14, 1879; married Frances Fowler. 
Children : 

Dorothy, born May 13, 1901. 
Doris, born Nov., 1902. 


Ora (9), Lucy Gardner (8), Sylvester ,7), Caleb (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Moffitt Ford, son of Charles W. and Ora E. (Moflitt) Ford, 
was born Nov. 12, 1882; married Hattie Reynolds. 
Children : 

Ora Madeline, born June 26, 1904. 
Edward Moffitt, born February 15, 1906. 


Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (o), George (i). 

Benjamin Gardner, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Qlin) Gard- 
ner, was born September 13, 1760, at Exeter, Washington County, 
Rhode Island. We have not the record of his first wife. His second 
was Lucy Hawks, born in Connecticut and probably emigrated to New 
York with her parents. No date of their marriage secured. As near 
as we can determine, and the record is not complete, the following were 
their children : 

Charlotte, born June 19, 1785; died November 28, 1853; married 
James Teller, Mar. 24, 1807. 


Simeon, married Phebe Precher, Dec. 15, 1808. 

Rodman, married Polly Worstell, Jan. 19, 1809. 
. Clarissa, married Joseph Wright. 

Matthew, born December 5, 1790. 

Seth, born 1792. 

Lucy, born September 29, 1793. 




Abraham, born 1802. 

Benjamin, born 1804. 

From Autibiography of EUder Matthew Gardner. 

When he was but ten years old, which was about the year 1770, 
his father moved to the State of New York. When about seventeen 
years of age he went into the Revolutionary army. He enlisted and 
served in Captain James Dennison's Company, 4th Regiment (1776- 
1781), New York militia, commanded by Colonel Killian van Rensselaer. 
After independence was gained and peace was secured, he returned home 
and settled on thirty acres of land. 

Being a house carpenter by trade he devoted little time to the culti- 
vation of his land, but supported his family principally by his trade. 

When about forty years of age, and having a large family, he de- 
termined to go west. The territory, now called Ohio, was first settled 
in 1788. At the close of the Revolution 243 officers of the army, mostly 
New England men, solicited Congress, through General Washington, 
to secure lands for them between the Ohio River and Lake Erie. In 
1783 General Putnam said, "the country between the Ohio and Lake 



Erie will be filled with inhabitants, and thereby free the western terri- 
tory from falling under the dominion of a foreign power." This was 
desirable, for, having no strong general government, foreign comman- 
ders kept defiant possession of forts on the very soil, now Ohio. The 
first settlers, formed under the grant of Congress, were led by General 
Rufus Putnam from Massachusetts and Connecticut and laid the foun- 
dation of the State of Ohio at the Muskingum River, now Marrietta, on 
the seventh day of April, 1788. 

Cincinnati started in 1789, the same year the Constitution of the 
United States was adopted. 

Then the lands from the Ohio river to the Pacific ocean were in- 
habited by Indians and wild beasts, excepting a very few distant forts 
and French posts or settlements in the valley of the Mississippi. 

In 1800 Mr. Gardner sold his lease hold and started with his family 
for the northern territory of Ohio. This was two years before Ohio be- 
came a State. It was a beautiful morning on the first of September, 
1800, when they started. It was regarded by many as impossible to suc- 
ceed in such a journey with such a large family of small children, espe- 
cially with his limited means. He had but one small wagon with three 
horses, and other means correspondingly limited. The country they had 
never seen, the route was new, and unknown till they approached it. 
There was then little communication with the wilderness west. Not 
only railroads and steamboats but turnpikes were unknown. 

When they started many came to bid them farewell, and stood look- 
ing after them with tearful eyes until they passed beyond their view, 
while others accompanied them on horseback for miles before turning 
back. (None of this family ever returned to visit, except Matthew 
Gardner, and none of the Stepheritown relatives ever again saw any of 
them save this one). 

The mountains were difficult to climb, the streams were dangerous 
to ford, the undertaking was hazardous, and the journey was long. The 
weather was pleasant and the journey as prosperous as could be ex- 
pected. They reached Pittsburg on the Ohio river by the first of Octo- 
ber, just one month from the time they started. Pittsburg was a small 
village. They waited two weeks before they found a boat going down 
the river. They embarked on a flat-boat, the boats then used, with four 
other families; furniture, wagons, horses and all, crowded on one small 
flat-boat. The river was low, the progress was slow, sometimes they 
floated rapidly and sometimes they were long aground. 

They were nearly four weeks going down to Limestone, a little 
village on the Kentucky side of the river. It had but few houses then. 
Limestone is now called Maysville. The reader will note the comparison 
of time required from Stephentown to Pittsburg, the route being over 
the mountains, with the time occupied to drift with the current a much 
less distance. 

At Limestone Henry Hughes, a land trader, came to the boat to sell 
them land in Ohio. Mr. Gardner went with him to see the land. He 
liked it and traded him two horses for one hundred acres. He returned 
to Limestone and with his family proceeded on with the boat down the 
river, about twelve miles at a landing two miles below where Ripley 
now stands. They disembarked and the boat and its passengers went 


on down the river. There was no town then where Ripley now stands. 
They landed within a few miles of the property and soon reached their 
future home where everything was new and strange. They were all 
in good health except one son and daughter who had slight attacks of 
fever and ague which soon disappeared. Mr. Gardner rented a cabin 
to move into while he and the oldest boys built a cabin on their own 
land. The weather continued fine until after Christmas. 

Having completed their new house, they moved into it about the 
first of January, 1801. The fine weather continued that year, there being 
no weather to prevent outdoor work. 

What a contrast between this forest home where could be heard only 
the howling of wolves, the scream of panthers and the hooting of owls, 
with their former home in a thickly settled country, surrounded by 
friends ! There were only two cabins within two or three miles of them. 
There was no ground to rent. There was none of the land cleared. 
Provisions were scarce and only to be procured at any price from a very 
great distance. His money was about all expended. The land was cov- 
ered with heavy forest, principally with beach and poplar, which must 
be immediately cleared for crops to prevent starvation the coming year. 
All who were large enough commenced work. By spring they had near- 
ly five acres cleared which was planted in corn and potatoes which sus- 
tained them the coming year. One of the greatest difficulties was to pro- 
cure those things which the land would not produce. Salt cost from 
three to four dollars for a bushel of fifty pounds and other merchandise 
was proportionately high. They were forced to study economy and com- 
pelled to practice it. This laid the foundation of discipline that became 
characteristic of all the members of that family. 

It was difficult to procure money to purchase a little and they were 
taught the lesson to make a little do. 

Wild beasts were in abundance. Bears, deer and wild turkey sup- 
plied the table with meat till domestic animals were reared. Sheep and 
w^ool were not to be had, so the clothing was made of flax and hemp. 
Suits of these served for all seasons, summer and winter. The material 
was prepared by the father and boys and the mother and daughters 
manufactured the cloth, and made the garments. No shoes or boots 
were worn, but moccasins made of deer-skins, for they could get no 
leather. The deer-skin being spongy, absorbed the water from the 
ground and snow, so wet feet were a frequent occurrence. Yet they 
were stout and healthy. 

Corn prevailed as the staple article of food ; they preferred it. They 
did not eat wheat, it was called "sick-wheat," making those sick who ate 
it. They went on clearing, and in a few years the heavy timber gave 
place to orchard trees, and the wilderness to fruitful fields. The wants 
for food and clothing were plentifully supplied, but there were other 
wants. They had now passed the crisis for food and raiment and began 
to feel sadly the want of school and churches. There was no teaching, 
no preaching, no schools, no religious meetings. Mr. and Mrs. Gardner, 
while in New York, had united with the Free Will Baptist Church ; but, 
it is said, on moving^ west Mr. Gardner had neglected his religion, though 
Mrs, Gardner retained her piety; so that, though they were without 



church or school the children were encouraged by their mother's pious 
example. Mr. Gardner possessed many good traits of character. He 
was frugal and industrious. He kept each tool and farmmg implement 
in its place. He was kind to strangers and to the poor. His intellectual 
capacity was above the ordinary, and his memory was perfect. He was 
punctual and honest in business. 

All of the family as they grew up professed religion which made 
the home pleasant. Mr. Gardner's intellect was of high order, and being 
a fair speaker he often opened and led the religious meetings, till the 
latter part of the summer of 1811. Then a difficulty arose between Elder 
Alexander (who had organized a church), and Mr. Gardner. The preach- 
er did not like Mr. Gardner very well, for he was hard to please, and 
often called in question the things Mr. Alexander preached. Mr. Alex- 
ander's parents were Presbyterians. The Presbyterians were very par- 
ticular to "remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy." Mr. Gardner 
made cheese, sometimes hours would be spent at this on Sunday morn- 
ings, the same as on other days! It was considered necessary to take 
care of the milk on Sunday. Mr. Alexander considered this a violation 
of the fourth commandment and considered Mr. Gardner responsible for 
it. The consequence of the hasty movement of Mr. Alexander was, that 
the church suffered a severe injury. Mr. Gardner was a man of determ- 
ination and manifested much resentment. 

The home of Mr. Gardner was well located and ideal. The writer 
spent some time in studying the place where the first cabin was erected, 
which gave way to a more commodious structure. This second build- 
ing was erected about 1810. The timbers in this house are all hewn, 
and with the exception of the sills, doors and windows, are all there as 
Mr. Gardner placed them with his own hands. 

It was the age of fireplaces, and every room has a good large fire- 
place. The house was erected with a basement; in this basement was 
built a large oven, used for baking for this large family. The crane is 
still in the fireplace on which hung the kettle that boiled and roasted 
the bear, deer and turkey. The house was intended to be a frame struc- 
ture, but the timbers are so large they present the appearance of hewn 
logs weather boarded and cased. The stone and brick walls of the base- 
ment and chimneys are in as good state of preservation as when erected. 

One can not but contrast this building with the comforts it brought 
to the family, with that of the forest hut hastily erected to shelter the 
large family, that, but so recently floated down the Ohio river. 

The record from which the preceding statements have been gathered 
closes when the subject was about fifty years of age, except what may be 
found on file at the office of Probate Court, Georgetown, Ohio. 

Mr. Gardner made a will and appointed his son Matthew executor and 
administrator. We had hopes of finding a complete list of names of the 
children. The only records there, were an appraisement of the chattels 
and a few receipts given by Matthew Gardner as administrator, one of 
which is for a payment of the stone mason who built the stone work on 
the grave of the father. In the closing remarks in connection with his 
father's estate, Matthew Gardner says: "I closed all the business with- 
out difficulty with any of the heirs though there was then twelve chil- 
'Iren living." 


The next record was secured from a grandson John W. Gardner of 
Ripley, Ohio, who visited his grandfather at his home. Mr. Gardner 
stated that his grandfather was totally blind and confined to his bed. 

There came to the State of Ohio ten children, and there were born 
in Ohio two, of whom we have record. 

This large family was most peculiarly separated. While some of 
them only lived a short distance from Brown County they were as ef- 
fectually lost to each other, as if they had gone to another continent. 

The writer could scarcely believe that there could live in an adjacent 
county one branch of the family and not be known to the others. 

Such was the condition. When Abraham Gardner removed to what 
was then Allen County, Ohio (now Auglaize County, having been organ- 
ized since 1835), there was no communication that informed the family 
in Brown County. There seem to have been three groups of the chil- 
dren. Seth, Rodney, Clarissa and Lucy, living near Russellville, Brown 
County, Ohio. They associated and visited. Benjamin and Henry lived 
in the western part of Brown County, and near Feesburg. Matthew 
Gardner lived several miles south of the old homestead. There was evi- 
dently no communication or visiting between these, three branches of the 
family for we have been unable to learn anything of the families of the 
different groups one from the other. 

Each group seem to have been a law unto themselves. Each of the 
older members of the family possessed a knowledge of the location of 
the others, but did not impart it to their children that it could come down 
to the following generations. This has made the work of securing the 
information in connection with the children of this Benjamin Gardner 
a very difficult task. 

The writer has no doubt but some of the families of this name in the 
western States are the descendants of the older boys of the family. 

The records of this family are not complete and only by conversing 
with old settlers who personally knew them are we able to close the ac- 
count of the life of this colonial pioneer. 

Located about three hundred yards south of the northeast corner of 
the farm, about two miles south of Russellville, Brown County, Ohio, 
on the west side of the road is the little cemetery where rests the body 
of Benjamin Gardner. Two graves of the old English style of erecting, 
stone vaults, are the evidences of two honest lives. On the stone of the 
southgrave is inscribed: 

In memory of Benjamin Gardner, 
A soldier of the Revolution of 1776, 
Who departed this life March i, 1840. 
Aged 79 years, 5 months and 17 days. 

Inscribed on the stone of the north grave is : 

Lucy Gardner 

Consort of Benjamin Gardner 

Who departed this life January 12, 1846. 

Aged 83 years, 3 months and 14 days. 


Lucy Hawks Gardner, wife of Benjamin Gardner, was born in Con- 
necticut, September 29, 1762. 

She was Benjamin Gardner's second wife. It is said of her that she 
was a very devout Christian woman, and all of her children loved her. 

We are always sorry not to be able to say more about the useful 
life of these good mothers. We cannot but recall the hardships and so- 
licitude of a mother while rearing such a large family under the difficul- 
ties and deprivations of the early days and remember the reverence due 
them and their memory. 


George (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Albon Crocker Gardner, son of George and Mary (Reynolds) Gard- 
ner, was born April 12, 1799. Married Saloma Bancroft, who was born 
March 13, 1803. 

Their children were : 

Telottsey, born August 31, 1818. 

Hannah, born February 20, 1820. Died April 23, 1865. 

Jane S., born March 13, 1822. Died September, 1900. 

Thomas, born July 17, 1824. Died July 16, 1825. 

Albon Bancroft, born June i, 1826. Died December 15, 1903. 

Caroline, born September 20, 1828. Died September 26, 1861. 

Cornelia S., born February 24, 1831. Died June, 1903. 

Eliza, born July 5, 1836. Died October 5, 1836. 

Albon Crocker Gardner removed from Wayne County, New York, 
to Ohio, near Parkman, and settled on government land, where he built 
a green log house in the dense forest. Mrs. Telottsey (Gardner) Cutler 
was a nursing infant when they came to Ohio, which was the winter of 
1818-19. Unlike our modern advantages for travel they came from cen- 
tral-northern New York on a boat sled drawn by a yoke of cattle. Led 
behind this sled was a cow. Except the cow and yoke of cattle all their 
earthly possessions were on the sled. Mr. Gardner started with seven 
dollars in money and had it all when he reached Ohio. In those days 
the people would not accept any money as a charge for entertainment of 
emigrants, neither could he persuade them to take it. 

As provision en route, they had a roast pig, a bag of corn meal, a 
very meager supply of quilts and woolen sheets, a straw tick, a feather 
bed, a pair of feather pillows, and a few cooking utensils. Mr. Gardner 
had an axe, a long handled shovel, a hoe, a pickaxe, a crow-bar, two 
saws, a log chain, two pails, and three augers. One saw was a cross-cut 
saw and the other a hand saw. 

When they had selected the place destined to be their new home 
the neighbors agreed to exchange work and assist to build a log house. 
This house proved to be one of a single room without anything for a 
floor and the woolen sheets became the windows. 

The house was completed and they moved into it one cold night. 
Thanksgiving eve, about nine o'clock. They had a good fire in the big 
fireplace with a big back log that would last. 

They laid two poles across the room and bored holes in the pole^^ 
and placed sticks in the holes for legs, and this made the old fashioned 


high bed, which they made up and slept in that night. They had a bond- 
fire in front of the house to frighten away the wolves, wildcats and pan- 
thers. They had to get up each hour during the night and fire oflF the old 
musket to assist to frighten away the wolves. 

Their nearest neighbor was a mile and a quarter distant, and their 
next nearest neighbor four miles. The spring from which they carried 
water was a quarter of a mile away. 

Mr. Gardner was nineteen years of age and Mrs. Gardner fourteen 
when they were married. She weighed seventy-two pounds the day on 
which they were married. Mr. Gardner not being of age, purchased his 
time of his father for thirty-five dollars, borrowing the money with 
which to make the payment. 

The reader will observe the first child was born to them when the 
father was twenty and the mother fifteen years of age. 

Mr. Gardner became a man of wonderful ability both physical an J 
mental. His stature developed into full six feet in his stocking feet and 
he was a giant in strength. His mental capacity was no less than his 
physical. He was endowed by nature with a wonderful memory. We 
should say here his school work did not exceed three months. He coul.i 
read three pages of a large book and repeat word for work and seldom, 
when tested, ever made an error. 

In his business life whatever he gave his attention to turned into 
wealth. As a result when he died he was in possession of a very large 
fortune. He was a generous liver. He always gave more than any of 
his neighbors or associates to worthy causes. 

Before he came to Ohio he was a member of the Quaker church. 
After they arrived in their wilderness home they became identified with 
the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Gardner was not only a member 
of the church, but an active participant in all the means of grace and was 
one of the largest contributors to the support of the one where he lived, 
besides rendering great assistance in the building of new churches else- 

It is recorded elsewhere in this book that his daughters nearly all 
married Methodist Preachers. 

It is with great pleasure the children and grandchildren look back 
upon the Christian life which was even and tempered with grace to guide 
him during the years he was rearing that large family and accumulating 
a fortune. He used his wealth for the advancement of the cause he ad- 

His political life was not uneventful as he was a man of the most 
scrupulous character and would have everything open to the light and 
to inspection. He was elected to the Ohio State Legislature and when 
his term closed he declined to engage any further in politics. He de- 
clared he never would accept any further relations with any political 
work because of the corruption in it. 

His judgment was exceptionally good and his advice was sought by 
all who knew him. He possessed a wonderful faculty of saying what he 
desired and his lanp^uage was always well selected. 

His mind was of a mathematical cast. He was a reasoner and never 
decided the merits of a proposition without debating the subject. 


As a result he became the foremost man of the country in which 
he lived. He was the leader and directed all things. He was counseled 
with and his advice was taken. It was before the days of banks. He 
kept a general store at Chagrin Falls and the farmers and inhabitants 
of the town placed their money in his safe for protection and security. 

These deposits grew to enormous proportions, frequently amount- 
ing to hundreds of thousands of dollars at a given time. The confidence 
of these people was not misplaced, for every dollar was sacredly returned 
to its owner. 

He belonged to the **under-ground railway service." He was a 
Whig, free soiler and republican. He was a man of temperate habits 
and very devoted to his family. 

After a long and useful life at his trade and in his store he removed 
to Cleveland, Ohio, where he lived until his death. 

He died March 3, 1875. Aged 75 years, 10 months, 9 days. He is 
buried in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio, at the east side of the 
drive near the main entrance. A granite shaft marks his final resting 

Mrs. Gardner died September 30, 1885. Aged 82 years, 6 months, 
18 days. She is buried beside her husband. 

His was a long life, well spent and eminently useful, during which 
he enjoyed the implicit confidence of his friends and never betrayed 
them. He served God to the best of his understanding and has gone to 
his reward leaving a record which will prove an inspiration and example 
to his posterity. 


Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Matthew Gardner, son of Benjamin and Lucy (Hawks) Gardner, 
was born in Stephentown, New York, December 5, 1790. He married 
Sally Beasley, daughter of Jeptha and Sally Beasley, on May 20, 1813. 

To them were born the following children : 

Barton Beasley, born March 27, 1814. 

Sally, born December 5, 1815. 

George Washington, born January 30, 1819. 

Jeptha Monroe, born April 10, 1820. 

Lucinda Eliza, born March 28, 1823. 

Louisa Maria, born September 15, 1825. 

Julia Elmira, born April i, 1828. 

James Alexander, born November 13, 1830. 

Mary Jane, born July 23, 1833. 

John Wicklif, born April 17, 1836. 

Elnathan Matthew, born September 12, 1839; died Sept., 1906. 

Why We Devote So Much Space to Elder Matthew Gardner. 

The following pages are extracts from the autobiography of Elder 
Matthew Gardner, and we will use them in preference to any matter that 
we might write. We have given a great amount of space to Elder 


Gardner's writings, as they set forth a great many features which so 
predominate in the Gardner family, as well as the early history of the 
Ohio branch. 


I was born in Stephentown, N. Y., on the fifth of December, A. D., 
1790. My father moved from there to Ohio, A. D., 1800, and I visited 
the place after that, first in May of 1851, and again in August of 1854, 
and in August of 1857, during which visit I made particular inquiries re- 
specting the ancestors of our family. I will then give you a true narra- 
tive of my own eventful life. The Gardners, who were our forefathers, 
came from England to America, and settled in Rhode Island. 

My father was born in Rhode Island, on the 13th day of August, 
A. D. 1759. My mother was born in Connecticut, on the 29th day of 
September, A. D. 1762. Her maiden name was Lucy Hawks. 

My father being about forty years old, and vigorous and strong, and 
having a large family, he determined to go west. 

In 1800 my father sold his leasehold, and we all started for the 
northwestern territory of Ohio. I was in my tenth year when we left 
Stephentown; and well do I remember those scenes of my childhood. 
It was a beautiful morning, on the first of September. 

When we arrived in the wilderness west, the duty assigned to me 
was the care of the cattle. We had no fenced fields and while they 
roamed in the forest for food it was my care to seek them, and keep 
them from straying far away and being lost. While in this care I re- 
ceived my first religious impressions. In those lonely hours the good 
spirit often .strove with me and renewed the impressions of my early 
childhood. While laboring under conviction, my mind was impressed 
with the duty of preaching the gospel of Christ, which for me seemed 

When I was perhaps in my fourteenth year, during February or 
March, my older brothers concluded to improve their evenings by hunt- 
ing raccoons in order to sell the skins for the fur, and secure some 
money. I desired to share the peril and the profits to which they would 
not consent. I then offered to go for the twentieth skin to which they 
consented. The twentieth one happened to be a large fine one ; and 
when the purchaser came, I showed it to him, and said, "What is this 
skin worth?" He answered, "A quarter of a dollar." This was the 
highest price for the very best skins. 

When I got the money I felt a little proud. It was more money 
than I remember having had before in my life. I could perhaps get a 
pocket knife, which I needed very much, I finally decided. 

My father went, from time to time, to Limestone village, now Mays- 
ville, Kentucky, a distance of about sixteen miles, to purchase stores for 
the family. I sent my "quarter" with him, and bought "Webster's 
Spelling Book." The price of this book was twenty-five cents ; so I 
gave all my newly acquired fortune for a book. There being no schools 
where we lived; I had so far forgotten what I learned when six or seven 
years old, in New York, that I knew little more than the alphabet. I 
concluded, however, that education was worth more to me than any- 


thing else; and I now think that the best purchase of my life. For that 
twenty-five cents profited me more than a thousand dollars would have 
done, laid out in any other way, had I neglected my education. 

After this my spare hours at night were spent in study; and, by 
diligence, I soon learned to read. After some years, an eastern man took 
board at our house during the winter, instructing us in the long even- 
ings. At this night school I learned to write, improving my hand after- 
ward by practice. 

I could read and I could write a little, but I knew nothing of arith- 
metic. I began with the beginning; and the teacher seeing my diligence, 
gave me all the assistance he could in justice to the other children. 

The first church that I organized was Union Church, in the wes- 
tern part of Brown County, two miles from Higginsport, on the Ohio 
river, and sixteen miles from my home. It was organized in 1818, soon 
after my ordination. No other Christian minister had preached there, 
consequently they were unacquainted with our views previous to my 
preaching there. The additions were rapid. The preaching was in the 
woods in warm weather. The people came from far around, and the 
congregations were very large. Such was the work in 1818, the first 
year of my ordination. I also made beginnings in some new places. Also 
that year I hired help, and put up a new house. By working night and 
day I got it under, roof and enclosed and had two rooms finished ready to 
move into by the last of December, 1818. We moved on the first day of 
January, 1819. I finished the house as time and circumstances per- 
mitted. During all this time, though my work was so urgent both on the 
house and farm, I attended all my appointments, giving to them two or 
three days of a week beside Lord's day. 

December Sth, 1830. I entered upon the forty-first year of my life 
with a family of eight children to educate and provide for. We kept 
them in school as much of the time as circumstances would justify, and 
also endeavored to teach them to work, and the importance of making 
their living by honest industry. Our eldest sons were able nearly to do 
the work of men. Our little farm — one hundred acres — ^not being large 
enough to afford them full employment, and having saved a little money, 
in March, 1831, I purchased another small farm of one hundred and 
thirty acres. 

Our two oldest sons having become of age, needed homes of their 
own. So about the year 1835 ^ purchased nearly four hundred acres of 
excellent land for which I paid at that time, nearly four thousand dollars. 

A great part of the land was cleared and under cultivation. So I 
told my two oldest sons that if they would go on the land, and in their 
own time pay me beck one-half of the purchase money without interest, 
I would make them deeds. In eight years — they paid me and got their 

I have pursued the same course with all my sons. They till the land 
and make a part of the value, or price of the farm, and pay it back to me 
before I make them a deed. 

In tlfe spring of 1851 I had made arrangements to visit the place of 
my birth in New York. I also desired to spend some time in various 
eastern cities, and to visit some other places of interest. I started soon 
after the middle of May, I went to Cincinnati by boat; from there to 



Cleveland by railroad; and from there over Lake Erie, to Buffalo, New 
York, by steamboat ; then took the cars to Albany, and from there by 
stage-coach to Stephentown, the place of my birth. Though only nine 
years and not quite nine months old when my father moved from Steph- 
entown, and I had not seen the place for over fifty years, when I saw 
everything pertaining to the face of the country, it appeared familiar as 
when we left there, the mountains and valleys, the brooks and pathways, 
looked as they did when seen in my childhood. The houses looked time 
worn, I went to the house which we moved out of on the first day of 
September, A. D. 1800, which brought sweet memories of days long, 
long gone by, when I loved to be with my mother. Hbw mournfully 
dear to my heart were the recollections. There was a great change ob- 
servable in the people we left there in 1800, and those found there in 
185 1. Very few of those we left could be found. Death had called away 
many, and others had moved to other parts. I found many relations 
(the Gardners), but only two or three of those we left remained. The 
nearest relations I found were first and second cousins. All my uncles 
and aunts were gone. I tarried at Stephentown a short time. I preached 
a few times near the place where I was born. The Christians have a 
good chapel there, but I was sorry to find the church in a low state, with 
little interest. 

After spending a few days in New Bedford, I went to Fall River. 
This is a thriving manufacturing city. Here I found a large prosperous 
Christian church, with a good pastor. I preached on the Lord's day, and 
a number of times before leaving. I was kindly received and was 
pleased with my visit. I now left. Massachusetts for Rhode Island, the 
first home in America of my forefathers. In Providence, Rhode Island, 
there are two Christian churches. To one of them I preached twice, at 
night, as I could not tarry over the Lord's day. From Providence, I 
proceeded to Stonington, Connecticut, where I took an ocean steamer 
for New York city. We had a stormy night, but morning brought us 
safely to New York, a few days before the fourth Lord's day in June, 
1850. I remained in New York over Lord's day and preached for the 
Christian church there twice. 

Being nearly "three score and ten" years old, I desired relief from 
worldly care. 0"ur youngest son now being of age, I made a sale on the 
i8th of October of all my personal property, such as cattle, horses, farm- 
ing utensils, etc., retaining only my own riding horse and one belonging 
to my wife. The household goods, I left entirely to the disposal of my 
wife. I was now relieved of much care that old men generally retain. 

I had observed the condition of the old man generally. It is about 
as follows: In his declining years he gives up the control of his prop- 
erty ; others come in to take care of the old folks. The youngest son, or 
whoever it may be, gives little or no attention to the old utensils which 
the old man had labored to obtain. When he uses them they are not re- 
turned to their places. When broken they are not repaired. Those who 
now use them did not purchase them. They will not labor to preserve 
what they did not labor to obtain. They regard them as of little worth, 
and prefer them out of the way, that the young man may procure others 
of later style and fashion. The dear old man sees his tools out of place 
and gathers them up and puts them back. He next finds them broken, 


and goes upon his staff and carefully gathers up the pieces of the old 
implements, and takes them to the shop, and has them repaired, and puts 
them back in their place again. This he repeats from time to time, from 
year to year, all the time fretting and worrying. His untimely care and 
unnecessary anxiety makes him and all about him miserable, not con- 
sidering that the time has passed when he has any use for them, or that 
they do not want them. He thus makes the evening of his life, when he 
needs rest, a time of toil and care; instead of repose and quiet, he has 
torment and vexation. Having seen this, I determined, with the Lx>rd's 
help, to avoid it, and sold everything off' for what it would bring. 

The farm contained three hundred and forty acres, and was a little 
over one mile long and a half mile wide. The original one hundred acres 
we had moved onto January ist, 1814, and still live there in 1865. I had 
bought other farms and added to it, all joining it, except about ten acres, 
one and one-half miles distant. The lands I now divided equally be- 
tween our two youngest sons, John Wickliffe Gardner and Elnathan 
Matthew Gardner, binding them to pay to me or to my estate a sum de- 
fined and understood, which will make their portion about equal to the 
other children. 

I thus, almost in a single day, freed myself from the great burden 
and care which had so long been upon me. After doing this, I felt, for a 
time, almost like a stranger to myself and my surroundings ; as i£ I ha.l 
entered into something like a new state of existence ; perhaps something 
like a slave feels when he has obtained his freedom. It was but a short 
time until those cares began to seem repugnant, and it seemed to me that 
no earthly reward could induce me to take such a burden of cares upon 
me again. 

Twenty-two churches have been organized by my labors. Having 
not kept a particular account of all those who embraced religion under 
my ministry, I can only state the result of subsequent calculations, which 
is as follows : About five thousand have been received into the church 
under my preaching. Of this number over one thousand were received 
into the Union Church as shown by the records, during my first twentj''- 
eight years' pastorate, not including those received into other churches 
where I labored. 

Into the Bethlehem church, during my pastorate of over forty years, 
upward of thirteen hundred members were received. This leaves only 
one-half of the five thousand to be made up from the numbers received 
into the twenty other churches raised from my labors, and elsewhere. 
Therefore, it is certain that the number exceeds five thousand. 

During my forty years* pastorate of the Bethlehem church, I have 
made but two disappointments. One occurred when I was sick; the 
other when high water rendered the streams impassable, before bridges 
were built. 

Having begun the world comparatively poor, I was under the ne- 
cessity of adopting a system of rigid economy and frugality, which be- 
came so habitual as to be like a second nature to me. Consequently, 
when I had accumulated property it seemed impossible to depart from 
my old habits, even in regard to time and apparel. In taking care of my 
clothing and shoes, being careful to make everything last and do service 
as long as possible. I have now a pair of old coarse leather shoes which 


I have worn more or less every year for twenty years. Five or six years 
they were the only shoes I wore at all when about home. I wear them 
vet when in the house at times, but not out doors as for several years 
past they could not keep out the water. I have thought of throwing 
them aside, but am unwilling, and feel almost sorry to part with them. 
It seems like parting with old friends. I have had but four pairs of shoes 
in twenty years and no boots at all. These four pairs of shoes — two 
pairs of coarse leather and two pairs of calf-skin — have lasted me, and 
are lasting yet. 

The coarse pair first named are about worn out. The second pair 
are about two-thirds worn. The first calf-skin pair are about three- 
fourths worn, while the other pair are not yet quite half worn out. 

I wear shoes all the time, both summer and winter. I never wore 
out but one pair of boots in my life. When our grandsons — now young 
men — one after another come to see us, I show them these four pairs of 
shoes, particularly the twenty year old pair, and inquire the cost of their 
boots and shoes during one year. None give the cost less than from 
fifteen to twenty dollars. One said, "Twenty-five dollars a year." Said 
I, "The whole cost of my shoes has not been more than from ter\ to 
twelve dollars in twenty years, while yours, at the rate you say, must 
cost you five hundred dollars for the same time." Then I tell them it 
Avas the aforesaid economy and frugality that enabled me to give any- 
thing to their parents or to them. I do this to teach them that economy 
is the road to wealth, while extravagance is the road to ruin. My clothing 
of all kinds, including shoes, et:., has not cost me more than ten or 
twelve dollars per year. The old overcoat I now have, though I have 
traveled much, is the only one that I have had or worn during twenty 
years. It was a remarkable piece of cloth, and has never been wet 
through, though I have worn it in many heavy rains. It is not yet hair 
worn out. My other clothing has lasted about as proportionately long. 
These facts may seem strange to some in the present age of extrava- 
gance and pride, yet they are true. 

I have in my pocket now a small, two bladed pocket knife, which 
I have carried more than thirty-five years. The first blade I wore oui 
and got another put in which I broke, and then had another put in, which 
is in use now, and not very much worn. The small blade that was in it 
when I bought it is in it yet. 

When a boy there was hardly an article which I prized more than 
a pocket knife. It was hard for me to get one. They were high in price, 
and there were none near for sale, and I had little money to buy with ; 
if I lost my knife, which was seldom, I was so greatly troubled that I 
could hardly sleep at night. I finally adopted the plan, that when I used 
my knife never to lay it down, but put it carefully into my pocket; and, 
if I lent it, to keep my eye upon the person till he was done with it, 
and if he did not think to return it, remind him of it. So I have not lost 
my knife in either of these ways, since I have adopted said plan. An- 
other part of the system is to be always certain that my pocket has no 
hole in it. Thus I have kept one and the same knife thirty-five years. 
Why could not every man do the same if careful? The buck horn han- 
dle of this knife is now nearly worn off. It may be said that a pocket 
knife is of too little value to keep with such care — to preserve so long. 


I reply: The same care that will prevent its loss a month, will a year, 
ten years, and so on, till the knife is worn out. Is not this true? Let it 
be borne in mind that small savings have made great estates, and that 
the old adage is true: *'Take care of the pennies and the pounds will 
take care of themselves." 

I have an umbrella that I have carried for more than twenty-five 
years. It has sheltered me in many storms of rain and hail and snow. 
When the first cover was worn out I had a new one put on and it is 
nearly worn out. 

It was this rigid system of economy that enabled me, without salary 
fro»m the churches, and dependent almost wholly upon my own resources 
to spend half of all my time in traveling and preaching during fifty-eight 
years, up to this time, and to support my family, and to give hundreds 
upon hundreds of dollars to aid in building Christian chapels, and to 
sustain the cause of religion in Southern Ohio and elsewhere and to give 
a great deal to the needy, and to give eleven hundred dollars to the en- 
dowment of Union Christian College. 

I have given to all our children, eleven in number, dividing it equal- 
ly among them, sixty thousand dollars, while I have nearly that amount 
left. My own wisdom and economy could not accomplish all this. 
It has been done through and by the mercies of my Heavenly Father. 

June 27, 1871. Having written my will, and made all necessary 
arrangements for the trip, I this day started, for the sixth visit to my 
native state. I went down the river to Cincinnati on the steam-boat, 
and then by railway, and reached Stephentown on the 30th of June, 
thanking God for his protecting care over me, and my safe arrival. 

The journey or change of living improved my health. But death 
has been here; and although the mountains, brooks and valleys loak 
just as they did when my father left here for the West, seventy-two years 
ago, the inhabitants have changed. Year by year my relatives have 
dropped off, till few even of my cousins remain. 

The following is from the Christian Herald: Published in New- 
buryport, Massachusetts, September 3, 1872. Elder D. P. Pike, Editor: 
*'We have had the rich pleasure of a visit from this venerable minister of 
Jesus Christ. He came to us with the blessing of the gospel of Christ. 
Brother Gardner experienced religion, August 10, 1810, at the age of 
nineteen. He was born in the State of New York; moved to the State 
of Ohio in 1800. He commenced preaching immediately after his con- 
version, presenting Christ as the sinner's friend. He was baptized by 
Archibald Alexander, and was ordained in 1815. He has had a success- 
ful ministry. Between six and seven thousand have professed the re- 
ligion of Christ under his ministry. He was one of the first minister> 
who formed the Southern Ohio Christian Conference, in 1820, and has 
not missed a session of that Conference since, and is, at the present time, 
president of that body. It is composed of about thirty ministers, and 
between four and five thousand members. He is now in his eighty- 
second year, and of course his ministry extends over sixty years. It 
spans two generations. His health is fjood, his mind active, his powers 
strong and vigorous. He is an able minister of the new testament, evan- 
gelical and orthodox in his doctrine, true to the preciousness of Jesus, 


holding forth his equality with the father, and his power to save repent- 
ing sinners. It is encouraging to meet with those ministers who have 
not been carried about by every wind of doctrine. He has walked by 
the same rule, and attended to the duties of the same gospel. He gave 
Court Street Church, in this city, a sermon, August 29, in the afternoon, 
from Luke VH, 22. It was an impressive sermon, received with devout 
attention, and will be long remembered. His introduction was appro- 
priate and truthful. The anxiety of John the Baptist, and the kindli- 
ness of Jesus was feelingly presented. The miracles of Christ were ably 
set forth, admitted and defended, the gospel correctly defined, and the 
mission work of Jesus earnestly commended. *To the poor the gospel 
is preached.' Our people will not soon forget Brother Gardner nor his 
sermon. Many manifested their faith in Christ, showing that they re- 
joiced in the pardoning mercy of Jesus Christ. God bless Grother Gard- 
ner, making his last days his best and crownin|^ his sunset with a glor- 
ious immortality. He left us August 26th, on his return West. Safely 
may he reach his home, blessed with improved health and increased en- 
couragement to trust the master, and honor his own blessed work in 
saving souls." 

After parting with kind friends at Newburyport, I took the cars for 
Boston, where, after tarrying two days, I left for North Stephentown, 
where I arrived on the 29th, at two P. M., there I remained and visited 
a little more than two weeks. I preached on the Lord's day, September 
15, to a Presbyterian congregation, by the request of their preacher. 
They were all well pleased. On the i6th inst. I bade farewell to my dear 
friends and relatives, and started for home, where I arrived on the 19th, 
about three P. M., with my health much improved. 

November 12, 1872. On this day I started on my return to the land 
of my birth, to spend the winter. I had a pleasant journey, and reached 
my intended home in safety on the fourteenth day of November, in good 
health, for a man of my age. I found my relatives in good health gen- 

On March loth, 1873, I bade farewell to my dear cousin Rose and 
his kind companion, and left that pleasant home for Ohio. Cousin took 
me to the depot, three-fourths of a mile, to take the 6:30 A. M. train, and 
I was soon on my way. I arrived home on the 14th of March. 

July 26th, 1873. From this date the aged pilgrim's bark was visi- 
bly turned toward worlds eternal, and pressed hard for the distant shore. 
Elder A. W. Coan wrote : "The numerous friends of the venerable Mat- 
thew Gardner, of Ripley, Ohio, will learn with much regret, that he is 
now prostrate at his room at the hotel, on the camp-ground near Hyan- 
nis, Massachusetts, from the effects of a fall from the steps of a hotel on 
the grounds. He fell on Saturday evening July 29th, breaking the thigh 
bone at the hip-joint. He is remarkably patient, and appears to suffer 
as little as could be expected. It is not probable that he will ever be 
able to walk." — (Herald of Gospel Liberty). 

The veranda was broad, without front safety of banister balustrade. 
The steps extended but a portion of the way across the broad front ; and 
in the dark the aged minister missed the steps and walked off, falling 
about three feet. It is supposed that the sure-footed old man came down 
upon his feet, the weight of his body, by the fall, bursting the socket of 
his thigh. 


His son and grandson, John W. and James F. Gardner, go and bring 
him home to the house of his son-in-law, S. H. Hopkins, arriving August 
15th. He writes from Bentonville as follows: **I am now staying, in 
my affliction, at Bentonville, Adams County, Ohio, which is about 
twelve miles east of my old home. I reached here on the 15th of August, 
having left the camp-ground on the 12th of August. We came day and 
night, making our connections without detention. My friends told me 
that I would stop at the first station after starting, but, by more than 
human strength from the Lord, I was enabled to stand the journey 
through, though very feeble indeed. I am at the house of my daughter, 
Julia C. Hopkins, and all is done that can be in* reason for my welfare. 


Elder A. R. Heath wrote: "He stood the trip home well. The 
route was by Fall River boat to New York; thence by broad gauge rail- 
road to Cincinnati, and by Ohio river boat to Manchester landing, and 
thense by spring wagon to Bentonville, unto the house of his daughter. 
Sister Hopkins. He will be kindly and well cared for. Let Brethren ad- 
dress him at Bentonville, with words of cheer." 

September 27, 1873. Elder Gardner writes: "It is now over two 
months since I received the injury at Hyannis, namely, on the 26th of 
July; and how I have been able to endure the suffering is truly a mys- 
tery to myself. Not the injury itself gave much pain, but the being con- 
fined upon my back for four weeks, during which I traveled from Hyan- 
nis, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, to this place. My health is as good as 
could be expected under the circumstances. I move about the house on 
crutches, my leg seems to be slowly mending. 


The Southern Ohio Christian Conference will meet, in its fifty- 
fourth annual session, on Saturday, October 4, 1873, at ten o'clock A. 
M., at the Bethlehem Christian Chapel, Brown County, Ohio. The 
chapel is about one mile from the Ohio river. 

Saturday morning Elder Matthew Gardner rode, seated in a larp^c 
chair, in a spring wagon and was thus conveyed ten miles, to the con- 
ference, by his son-in-law, S. H. Hopkins ; and thus he returned in the 
evening to his home, that is, to the house of his son-in-law, where he 
made his home after his return from the East. On Tuesday, Ottober 7, 
his son-in-law, conveyed him for the second time, to conference. This 
was the last conference that he would ever attend, and he went to preach 
his farewell sermon. He was conveyed as before, in a spring wagon, 
sitting in a large arm chair. It was ten miles — a long ride ; but he was 
inured to hardship. 

The hour has come. Here is the church which he had organized 
half a century before, and of which he had been pastor forty-five years, 
and was yet a member. Here are the representatives of the churches, 
many of which he had organized, and to aM of which he had preached 
statedly or at intervals for many years. The aged patriarch could not 
stand, but sat in his large chair. It was a sermon directed chiefly to the 


Text. — "Preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee." Jonah III, 2. 
Elder Gardner said: *1 believe that the Lord has spared me to preach 
this sermon." He said, "This is the last conference that I ever expect to 
attend." He then alluded to the conference in its rise and history, and 
of his early labors in the region of country and elsewhere, and said : *T 
desired to be at this conference and the Lord has granted my request.'* 

He exhorted the preachers to faithfulness, and spoke of the opposi- 
tion which he had encountered, the persecution which he had endured, 
and the long labor which he had performed and said: "Be faithful. 
Never preach a doctrine that cannot be stated in the exact words of the 
Scriptures. My success in a ministry of over sixty years I attribute to 
my strict adherence to the word of God. I have preached the preaching 
that God bids me to preach. This is the last conference that I ever ex- 
pect to attend. Remember the word, 'preach the preaching that I bid 
thee.' And now farewell ! farewell I" 

Report of Elder Rush, the Editor. — **We made good time to Mays- 
ville. Landing there we ferried the river to Aberdeen. It was now 
eleven o'clock A. M., and the conference nearly two miles away. We 
heard Father Gardner was to preach at eleven. So learning, we has- 
tened to a livery stable, determined to hear at least a part of what we 
feared would be the dear old man's dying discourse. And so it proved! 
He preached with strength and emphasis ; told them it was his last ser- 
mon, went home, and two days afterwards died, after thirty minutes 

After Elder Gardner's discourse there came a season of farewell 
handshaking! Tlie crippled and helpless old veteran sat in the chair 
from which he had preached his sermon. The large congregation came 
forward, and one by one bid him a final farewell. Ah, who that had 
tears could not have shed them then? Strong men wept, and from 
many, many eyes, came those overflowings of grief. It seemed like a 
funeral of the living, and such in a sense it proved to be. It was Father 
Gardner's dying farewell to the people for whom he had been pastor 
forty years ; it was his final farewell to his brethren of the ministry, who 
shall see his face no more in the flesh." 

Elder J. P. Daugherty says: "He gave his last solemn charge to 
his brethren in the ministry, in the fifty-fourth session of the Southern 
Ohio Christian Conference, he himself never failed in a single instance 
to meet the conference in any of its sittings. Every heart was full and 
every face bathed in tears, as he bade the conference an affectionate 

The Maysville at which Elder Rush landed on his way to Bethle- 
hem, over a mile distant, to hear Elder Gardner preach, was the "Lime- 
stone" village in the fall of 1800, just seventy-three years before, at 
which Matthew Gardner landed then a little boy, on his first voyage 
down the Ohio. How little the boy thought, when standing on the shore 
in 1800 that in seventy-three years he would be preaching his final fare- 
well to a weeping congregation, within about a mile of where the boy 
then stood, and that editors and ministers would be hastening over that 
same Limestone landing to hear him! How little we know of the fu- 
ture! The meeting has closed. The pilgrim has bidden farewell to his 
brethren, the church and the conference; and under the shadows of the 



great hills which border the eastern shore of the Ohio River, the 
aged minister, sitting in the spring wagon, is for the last time returning 
to his earthly home, then only ten miles ; but he will be far, far away in 
two or three days. 

He said to his son-in-law, on his way home -from the conference, 
**I am now released from the affairs of this life, and will never again be 
entangled therein." 

The morning before his death he had a talk of about two hours with 
his daughter, Mrs. Hopkins, in which he said, '*If I die soon, all is well ; 
the will of the Lord be done. All I need here is a place to stay a little 

He was well and hearty the last night. He ate heartily at supper, 
and retired as well as usual. 

He began to complain soon after half past one o'clock in the morn- 
ing. He was perfectly sane, but said nothing about dying, except the 
words, **I fear that I shall not live till morning." His mental powers 
continued strong to the very last ; and his utterance was clear and dis- 

His son-in-law Samuel H. Hopkins, wrote, **I was holding him in 
my arms, when he said : *Lay me down.' He lived but a few minutes 
afterwards. A more devoted man I have never seen end his days than 
Father Gardner." 

The immediate cause of his death was supposed to* have been "val- 
vular disease of the heart." He had often prayed, "Lord, give me a 
tranquil hour in which to die," and the hour was there. The prayer was 
answered, and he said, "Lay me down." And all the days of Matthew 
Gardner were eighty and two years, ten months and five days; and he 

October nth, his body was conveyed by land, thirty-two miles, for 
interment ; as he had directed them to bury him in the burying ground 
of the **Union Church," the first church organized by him, in his early 
ministry, and now commonly called "Shinkle's Ridge," near Higgins- 
port; the body was interred October 12th, after which a funeral dis- 
course was preached by Elder J. P. Daugherty, on the words of Saint 
Paul (H. Timothy IV. 6-8. : "For I am now ready to be offered, and the 
time of my departing is at hand. I have fought a good fight, I have fin- 
ished my course, I have kept the faith ; henceforth there is laid up for 
me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall 
give me at that day ; and not to me only, but unto all them also that love 
his appearing." While the minister was proceeding from one to an- 
other of the parallels between the deceased and the great apostle, in per- 
severence, energy, devotion, labor, persecution, suffering, and success 
the audience, largely composed of the most prominent citizens and 
statesmen of the four consecutive counties was bathed in tears. The 
preacher said : As a minister of the gospel, and indeed in every relation 
In life, he was most scrupulously exact and punctual in his promises, 
both in regard to the time and the thing promised. When he announced 
preaching: at eleven o'clock, he never meant ten minutes after. He was 
a textual preacher, carefully stating his points in the exact language of 
the Bible. 


Though not a learned man in the common acceptance of the term, 
yet his knowledge of the Bible and of men made him successful in many 
thelogical discussions. He was practically educated. He was a man of 
prompt decision, and seldom, if ever, had occasion to change his first 
impressions. He was an excellent financier; and by his industry and 
economy accumulated a large estate. His large compass of mental vis- 
ion, and far-reaching judgment, enabled him to succeed in almost 
everything he undertook. His moral courage enabled him to stand 
where most men would have fallen. Having determined his course, he 
was unmoved by flattery or reproach; hence, while he had many warm 
friends, he also had some bitter enemies. These he at last won, and 
died, so far as I know, without a personal enemy. He was a profound 
judge of human nature, and hence was seldom deceived in men. He 
was emphatically the man for the time and place of his ministry, and 
though it lasted sixty-three years, -yet he kept pace with the world's ad- 
vancement in thought ; hence his congregations were large and attentive 
till the close of his ministry. He was a strong, lion-hearted man — ^vic- 
torious over fear; gathering strength and animation from danger, and 
bound the faster to duty by its hardships and privations. He was a man 
of great firmness — his countenance at times wearing the stern decision 
of unyielding principle. Uninfluenced by numbers, popularity or power, 
he seemed almost too tenacious for his own convictions. His heroism 
had its origin and life in reason ; in the sense of justice, and in the dis- 
interested principles of Christianity, which recognizes the right of every 

He had great respect for minds which had been trained in simple 
habits, and amidst the toils of industrious life. He despised indolence 
and lack of economy almost beyond expression. With whatever faults 
he had, he was a great and good man. His greatness as a minister was 
immeasurably above the arts by which inferior minds thrust themselves 
into notice. 

Surrendering himself wholly to the cause of God and salvation of 
men, he labored to that end with unfaltering zeal till Jesus called him 
to his immortal home. 

Having timely made his will, and properly adjusted all his earthly 
business he now seemed to have nothing to do but to fall asleep in Jesus ; 
hence he calmly sank into the repose of death without a struggle. 

'*But what shall I say more? The time would fail me to speak of 
all the interest of so long and eventful a life as that of Elder Matthew 
Gardner ! What I have here said is but the plucking of a little fruit here 
and there from the wide-spreading branches of a life tree, bowing under 
the fullness of more than three score years. We are only satisfied to 
pause here and await the production of some abler pen, and in the ex- 
pectation that we shall soon be favored with the autobiography of his 
long and eventful life. 

His remains were interred in the cemetery at Shinkle's Ridge, on the 
I2th of October, 1873, after which a sermon was delivered with refer- 
ence to the deceased, by the writer, in the presence of a large and weep- 


ing audience. The Lord sanctify this dispensation of his providence to 
the good of all concerned. 

Georgetown, Ohio, October i8, 1873. 


(Epitaph Written by Himself.) 

Elder Matthew Gardner, 

A Christian Minister. 

Born in the State of New York, December 5, 1790. 

Died in the State of Ohio, October 10, 1873. 

**He claimed no merits of his own, 

His trust was all in Christ alone." 

He preached the Gospel Sixty-three Years. 


Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Seth Gardner, son of Benjamin and Lucy (H'awks) Gardner, was 
born at Stephentown, N. Y., March 5, 1782. Married Betsey Wright, 
Feb. 7, 1815. 

To them was born one child : 

Benjamin Wright, born December 4, 1815. 

In December, j8i8, Betsey (Wright) Gardner died at the age of 22 
years, two months and five days. She was buried on the old homestead 
of Benjamin Gardner. July 18, 1827, Seth Gardner married Elma Sands 
Barrere, daughter of George W. Barrere, of New Market, Highland 
County, Ohio. 

To them were born three sons as follows: 

George B., born May 2, 1828. 

Mills T., born Jan. 30, 1830. 

Thomas F., born Feb. 18, 1832. 

Seth Gardner was the fifth child of Benjamin Gardner and exper- 
ienced that long western trip of his parents from Stephentown, N. Y. 
His early boyhood days were spent on the sunny slopes of the western 
Berkshire HSlls amidst Eastern New York scenery. He was reared on 
his father's farm from eight years of age until he reached his estate. 
It is unfortunate that we are unable to learn more of the early life of so 
many members of this family. His brother, Matthew Gardner, casual- 
ly states in his book, "that we got along very well on the farm." This 
is all we know of the early life of Seth Gardner. 

It is fair to assume that the oldest brothers left the farm as soon as 
they became of age and the duties of the farm fell upon the next older 
brothers of which Matthew was the older, and Seth the next younger. 
When Mr. Gardner was but 20 years old he enlisted as a soldier of the 
w^ar of 1812, and was a captain. We have not been able to determine 
the amount of service rendered in this war. 

On his return and marria^^e be lived on his father's farm where hi< 
first wife died and is buried in the family burying ground. 


Mr. Gardner learned the trade of a cabinet maker and later in life, 
or about the time of his marriage to Elma Sands Barrere engaged in 
business and occupied his time with his trade at Russellville, Brown 
County, Ohio. Later in life he became a merchant and proprietor of a 

Mr. Gardner, like all of the other Gardners, had his peculiar traits 
of character and eccentricities. There was a time in the life of this 
man fixed unalterably for everything, and that service was required 
punctually without any variation or modification. His son. Judge 
George B. Gardner, said of him, **that rigid discipline to which every- 
thing and everybody was subject, as demanded by all of the early fami- 
lies, frequently became burdensome and not infrequently almost unbear- 
able." Reader, there was a reason for this. Do you see this strong 
character, a man of powerful energy, reared as he was a youth of the 
forest inured to all the hardships of an early pioneer life. Sacrifice, 
without the comforts of life, required to practice the most rigid econo- 
my during his early life. This established for him a habit which was 
never changed. That constant application from early morning until 
late at night, service was exacted from every one with whom he was 

He had a place for everything and no one was suffered to remove 
any article when he had placed it where he desired it, without first ob- 
taining his consent. Seth Gardner was fourteen years older than his 
last wife. He lived to a ripe old age, and the blessed influences of a re- 
ligious life tempered and influenced the life of this great man in his last 
days. It was true with every member of this family to which he be- 
longed, that as they approached the last years of their lives, that rigid- 
ness softened into obedience and childlike simplicity. He died August 
20, 1873. Age 81 years five months and fifteen days. 


Elma Sands, daughter of George W. and Abbe Mills Barrere, was 
born in New Market, Highland County, Ohio, on the Fourth of July, 
1806, and died in Washington C. H., Ohio, on the thirteenth day of July, 
1891. She was married in 1827 to Seth Gardner, of Brown County, Ohio. 
She had three sons, all of whom survive her, namely, George B. Gard- 
ner, of Hillsboro, Ohio, and Mills and Thomas F. Gardner, of Washing- 
ton C. H., Ohio. She resided in Highland and Brown counties until 
May, 1850, at which time she removed to Washington C. H., residing 
there until her death. 

Her father, George W. Barrere, was born at Wheeling, W. Va., 
then a government fort, March 17, 1770; emigrated to Kentucky, mar- 
ried there, and removed to Highland County, Ohio, the year following 
the admission of the State into the Union. His family was large, of 
whom five sons and three daughters lived to the respective ages of 70, 
74' 75' 77y ^' 81. 85 and 86 years; an average life of 78J/2 years, a long- 
evity of which few families in this country can boast. 

Mrs. Gardner who had completed her four-score and five years, 
was the last of this remarkably long-lived family to succumb to the su- 
perior power of that last enemy we call death, with which we too shall 


grapple, and to whose greater strength sooner or later we shall all be 
compelled to yield. 

Our dear old friend was endowed with great mental and physical 
strength and vigor, and gave evidence all through her long and useful 
life of a superior wisdom and judgment. One of the common infirmities 
incident to old age is dotage, or mental imbecility," or childishness, as it 
is sometimes called. And perhaps of all the afflictions which fall upon 
man with the weight of years, there is nothing more pitiable than this. 
The spectacle of a once strong and healthy and vigorous mind falling in- 
to a hopeless ruin in the merciless grasp of an enfeebling senility, is in- 
deed most distressing. 

But, thank God, this is not always the price of long life. There are 
conspicuous exceptions to this distressing rule, and Mrs. Gardner was 
one of them. Up to the moment in which, without a struggle, or any 
perceptible hesitancy, she surrendered her spirit to the God who had 
given it, she retained her mental powers in all their fullness, strength 
and vigor. 

She never lost interest in social and public affairs, but, to the last, 
as in all the years of her life, she kept herself informed upon subjects of 
general interest, keeping abreast with the current of public opinion by 
extensive reading, intelligent conversation and a healthy and thorough 
digestion of the things she read and heard. 

She had a strong predilection for the society of the young, and al- 
ways manifested a lively and loving interest in their welfare. Is it then 
any wonder that young people who had the pleasure of living within 
the bright circle of her acquaintance, loved, confided in and were de- 
voted to her, or that they found in her society a delight, a joy, that grew 
as their knowledge of her character increased? 

In the best and noblest sense of the phrase Mrs. Gardner was a 
strong-minded woman. She had not only her convictions as to right 
and wrong, good and evil, the true and the false, the honest and the 
dishonest, but she had also the courage of her convictions. 

Hypocrisy stood abashed in her presence, or slunk away, unable to 
meet her honest gaze. Everything that smacked of meanness or cupidi- 
ty or sordid selfishness she adbored, and was not afraid to denounce. 

When stricken down with her last illness she was fully persuaded 
that she would not survive it, yet she did not shrink, nor murmur. She 
had out-lived every other member of her father's large family; she had 
gone far beyond the milestone which limits the allotted age of man, ami 
could see no good reason why she should wish to continue a journey 
which had already carried her so far from the time and scenes of her 
childhood; and so, with Christian courage, confidence and hope, she 
turned her face toward the dawn and like as a child, weary with its 
play, lays its head in its mother's lap and sweetly falls asleep, she 
breathed out her life in sweet, calm and undisturbed repose, and peace- 
fully entered into everlasting rest. 

Mrs. Gardner did not live unto herself. Her three sons, themselves 
on the western slope of the hill of time, were all there to bid an affec- 
tionate farewell to the brave old mother whose self-sacrificing devotion 
to them, and to theirs, and w-hose untiring and laborious toil in poverty, 
and often doubtless in suffering for their support and education thev 


remember with tenderest emotions, but shall never perhaps be able 
fully to appreciate, and shall ever be powerless of course to describe. 

But others beside these mourning sons have been given abundant 
reasons to cherish in grateful hearts the loving deeds of this good wo- 
man. , , 


Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). . 

Lucy, daughter of Benjamin and Lucy (Hawks) Gardner, was born 
at Stephentown, N. Y., Sept. 29, 1793. She married (i) Phillip Jolly 
(2) Ellis, (3) George D. Moody. 

Children by first marriage were: 




Benjamin Gardner, 


One child by second marriage: 



Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Henry Gardner, son of Benjamin and Lucy (Hawks) Gardner, mar- 
ried Rachael Newlands, March i, 1821, in Brown County, Ohio. License 
is recorded in Book A, No. i, Page 88. The following children were 
born to them of whom we have record : 

John Wesley. Went west but no record of when or where. 


Thomas. Lives at Ripley, Ohio. 

Clarke. Went to Indiana about 1855. 


Amanda. Married Timothy Pbole, who died, she went to Kentucky 
and married again. No further record. 



Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Rodman Gardner was probably the eighth child of Benjamin and 
Lucy (Hawks) Gardner. As this family had no family record we arc 
unable to determine anything relative to him except the record of his 
marriage in Adams County, Ohio. He married Polly Worstell, Jan. 
19, 1809. 

3^4 Qardnbk 


Benjamin (6)» Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Abraham Gardner, son of Benjamin and Lucy (Hawks) Gardner, 
was born February 13, 1802. He married Sarah Purcell, November 10. 
1823. She was born January 18, 1804. 

To them were born the following children : 

Elizabeth Jane, born 1824. 

Lucy, born November 19, 1826. 

Benjamin, born June 22, 1829. 

Marinda, born June 22, 1829. Died Feb. 16, 1861. 

Sarah, born August 5, 1832. 

Ursula, born 1834. 

The above children were born on the old homestead near Russell- 
ville. Brown Co., Ohio. The following children were born on the Gard- 
ner homestead, near Wapakoneta : 

Abraham, born March 21, 1836. 

Clarissa, born March 21, 1836. 

Caroline, born September 8, 1838. 

Elizabeth, born 1840. 

Abraham Gardner, son of Benjamin and Lucy (Hawks) Gardner, 
was born and reared on the old homestead near Russellville, Brown 
County, Ohio. As with the other children of this family we know but 
little about him until he became of age and married. On November 
10, 1823, he married Sarah Purcell. The marriage license is recorded in 
Book C, No. 3, Page 13, office of the Probate Court, at Georgetown, 
Brown County, Ohio. This is the first written record obtainable of 
Abraham and Sarah (Purcell) Gardner. 

Sarah Purcell Gardner was born Jan. 18, 1804. Her father was of 
sturdy Irish descent. They lived upon the old homestead until about the 
year 1835 when he, with his family, removed to what was then Allen Co., 
for the purpose of procuring land. An Indian reservation was about 
to be opened, and to avail himself of the opportunity, he located on 
what was then known as Muchinippe Creek, Logan County, where he 
raised one crop. Within the year 1835 ^^ purchased 160 acres of very 
excellent land at the junction of Blackhoof Creek and the Auglaize 
River. About January i, 1836, he removed his family to a log cabin on 
what was then known as the Williams farm, until he could complete 
his own cabin on the newly acquired farm. This was finished and ready 
for occupancy about March i, 1836. 

The aggressive, hard work now began ; to clear away a heavy 
growth of black walnut, burr oak and hard maple. Having no use for 
the timber it was cut, logged and burned in order to remove it from the 
land. The first spring found about five acres ready for planting, and 
then began the cultivation of the new farm. 

This family, unlike the average family, with two exceptions were 
girls. The son Benjamin was only seven years of age, and of very little 
help to his father, consequently the heavy, hard work fell upon the 


He was a rugged man, and inured to hardship and hard labor. He 
soon had a sufficient amount of land cleared so that the products of the 
land exceeded the necessities of the family. Not content with the pro- 
fits from his own farm he became a trader in the products of his neigh- 
bors' farms. Mr. Gardner's farm became the central point for the gath- 
ering of animal and vegetable life to be taken to the nearest market. 

When he first located on this land his nearest market where he was 
compelled to go for supplies was Sandusky, Ohio. Soon after locating 
here the Miami Canal was completed which afforded and built up a mar- 
ket at St. Marys, Ohio, which place developed into a very important 
trading center. Produce was brought here and shipped to Toledo, Ohio, 
where it was reloaded on lake boats and sent to New York via Buffalo. 

A plank toll road was built from St. Marys to Wapakoneta, which 
was then as great an improvement over the mud road as the steam road 
was over the turn-pike of later years. 

Mr. Gardner lived about sixteen miles from St. Marys and it re- 
quired three days to take a drove of hogs to St. Marys and return. Hun- 
dreds of hogs were driven over these soft, muddy roads. 

A wooden scale was erected for the purpose of determining the 
weight of the animals. Usually two hogs were taken at a time to weigh. 

An old professor of the writer used to say : "I could close my eyes 
and guess the weight of a hog more nearly than one of these scales 
would weigh." 

Amidst the strivings to maintain a large family of ten children, Mr. 
Gardner did not neglect their early training and education. There was 
erected a round log school house pn the same site where now stands a 
commodious brick building, which school district, for so many years, 
has been known as the "Parlett school." 

The first building was a typical colonial house, puncheon floors, logs 
split, with sticks placed in holes for legs. The flat side was used for 
seats and desks. The older boys would chop wood at the noon hour for 
fire, which was kept in a large fire-place in the end of the room. It was 
only a few years until a hewed loghouse appeared. Only about three 
months each j^ear was there school, but the children learned rapidly. 
Geography and grammar were taught by singing. The master supplied 
the tune. It would begin : 

Maine Au — gus — ta on the Ken — .e — bee riv — er, 

New Hamp — shire Con — cord on the Mer — ri — mac riv — er. 

The same was true of grammar in its various parts. The school 
soon learned by this method, from the oldest to the yoiingest. The 
writer has frequently heard his father singing as above. 

Mr. Gardner was, during all his life, a very devout man. He was 
a leader in his community in all things. The early pioneer preacher 
made his home at his house. He. was an adherent of the doctrine taught 
by Alexander Campbell. 

While Mr. Gardner was clearing away the lare^e trees to cultivate 
his land he was also saving the choice trees to build new buildings. 

Quite soon a largfe, commodious hewn log house replaced the crude 
o^e first erected. The lor^s were ^ewn with such exactness that no 
marks of heavy scoring appear. That very exact, careful nature is evi- 


denced, and although nearly seventy-five years have passed since these 
timbers were hewn, the careful life-work of this man is apparent. 

A large barn was ercted with a great threshing floor. All cereals 
were flailed or tramped out. The neighbors used this until more barns 
were erected. 

Mr. Gardner, being a religious man, would have preachers use the 
new barn for religious services, and as this religious denomination is 
accustomed to do, the new convert would be taken to the stream near 
by (Blackhoof creek) and immersed. 

The Rev. Mr. Lister was a favorite of Mr. Gardner's and often 
preached in the new barn. He preached the sermon at Mr. Gardner's 

The church erected at Uniopolis (the old one) was at the direction 
and with the assistance of two of its first advocates and members, Mr. 
and Mrs. Gardner. 

Wapakoneta became the county seat of Auglaize County, the new 
railroad had been built, and this brought the old pioneer within four and 
one-half miles of a new commercial center. The town flourished. A 
tide of fraternalism moved over the land and he connected himself with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Wapakoneta, and became a 
regular and devoted attendant. It is said that in this connection he was 
as zealous as he was particular in all other affairs. 

The ^'world's fair" at New York was of interest to him, and he went 
there via Miami Canal to Toledo, Ohio, thence by rail to New York. 

There he had a very excellent daguerreotype taken. The half-tone 
used in the second volume is a copy of same. The daguerreotype is now 
the property of his grandson, Charles M. Gardner. 

Mr. Gardner prospered and in 1853 erected a new house. The 
bricks were made on the farm. The boards were made from the fine 
walnut trees of the farm. Eight large rooms are in the house. He de- 
clared he would build a house that would last one hundred years. It is 
in a very excellent state of preservation. 

Abraham Gardner enjoyed his wealth. He was not miserly or nar- 
row, but used and enjoyed his accumulation. No article of clothing 
was too good for him. What he had for himself he provided for his 

The writer desires to say that the first coat he had was made from 
a broadcloth coat of this man. 

His demands upon his family were very much the same as the other 
members of the Gardner family. He had no idle hours. No one was 
permitted around him who did not work. He was eccentric, but kind. 
He was industrious and charitable. His neighbors regarded him as an 
honest, Christian man. He demanded every penny due him, and as 
scrupulously paid. 

It is said he paid his help every night, allowing* no indebtedness for 

The family had grown up; a pleasant comfortable home had been 
established. He was trimming his apple orchard in the spring of 1855, 
contracted a cold and in a few weeks died, evidently with pneumonia. 

In the midst of a useful life he was taken away. 


At his request, selected by himself before he died, a grave was pre- 
pared upon his own farm, where he was buried on a beautiful May day 
with the rites of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

The short history of the life of Abraham Gardner is not complete 
without the life of his good wife. Until her death, July 29, 1879, aged 
75 years, 7 months and 1 1 days, after her husband's death, she lived with 
her children. She had a very kindly disposition, always doing some- 
thing for some one. She was never idle, the stockings, trousers and 
coast always bore evidence of grandma having visited the home. We all 
loved her. After an illness of three days she departed this life and was 
buried beside her husband who had preceded her nearly twenty-five 

She was a sister of Squire Purcell of Sardinia, Ohio, and an aunt 
of Dr. J. T. Purcell of St. Joseph, Illinois. 


Bcnjaniin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), 

George (i). 

Benjamin H., the youngest scm of Benjamin and Lucy (Hawks) 
Gardner, was born about 1804. He was married twice. His second wife 
was Matilda Howells. Several children were born to them. The writer 
has been unable to secure the record of the family further than a son, 
William, who resided in Clermont Co., where he reared a family. 

There are several descendants of this Benjamin Gardner in Cler- 
mont Co., but they have not responded to inquiries as to their where- 
abouts and history. 


Albon C. (6), George (5), EmWcI (4), Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), 

George (i). 

Albon Bancroft Gardner, son of Albon Crocker and Saloma (Ban- 
croft) Gardner, was born June i, 1826, at Parkman, Ohio. He married 
Sarah White, daughter of Deacon Hervey White, June i, 1846. 

Their children were: 

Albon Luther, 

Roscoe Gaylord, 

Austin Harvey, 

Sarah Saloma, 

Charles Herbert, 

Mary Wales, 

Lizzie Lincoln. 

Albon Bancroft Gardner began his life under more favorable cir- 
cumstances than did his father. When this young man discontinued his 
public school work his father had removed to Chagrin Falls, Ohio, and 
was engaged in the dry goods business. This son, his only son, was his 
young clerk. 

In the year 1845 he was married to Sarah White, daughter of Dea- 
con Hervy White. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Alvin Nash. 


Seven children were born to them, six of whom survived them. Soon 
after his marriage his father desired him to accept the farm in Bain- 
bridge, which he did, and when several of his children were born, he left 
the farm and became a partner in the milling business with his father. 
H'e became an insurance agent, representing several companies. 

He inherited the traits characteristic of his father. He was a strong 
man of the physique of his father. 

The social life of this young man was a very brilliant one, as he 
was in possession of an estate that few boys possessed at that time. 

While he did not have to undergo the deprivations of his father's 
early days there was not the extravagance that is so frequently notice- 
able in young men when the father is wealthy. 

He entered into business relations with his father and amassed a 
very comfortable fortune before he died. 

His home life was a great part and place for him. After the chil- 
dren had grown to maturity the father would engage in the amusements 
of the home with them. The recollection of the games of the home are 
still fresh in the minds of these sons and daughters that have reached 
and passed the half- century mark in life. 

The sacred memories that cluster around the homes and the reitera- 
tion of them to the children make life the more worth living. 

With Albon Bancroft Gardner the making of money was not the 
first consideration. The assiting to make some one happy and to make 
more out of life was his ideal. 

He was for many years Justice of the Peace in the township and 
when parties came to him to begin suit he would almost always bring 
the parties together and have a mutual adjustment of the difficulties and 
thus avoid a suit and for his services make no charges. He was termed 
"the peacemaker of Chagrin Falls." 

When parties came to have suit brought leading up toward divorce 
proceedings he would have the parties understand one another and they 
would go home happy. 

Albon Bancroft Gardner spent his life doing good to those that 
needed wise counsel and guidance instead of plunging them into suits 
in courts. 

He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and served in 
this connection all of his long and useful life. 

The first Ohio father directed the course and the children followed, 
and the children's children, and so on down to the last generation. 

A career such as Albon Crocker Gardner's followed by that of Al- 
bon Bancroft Gardner is sufficient for the enlightenment of all the fam- 
ilies that have sprung from them. 

The life of this man was not entirely his own moulding. He en- 
tered into marriage relations with a lady who had had similar parental 
guidance. Deacon Hervey White was a man of more than ordinary abil- 
ity in every degree. 


This branch of the Gardner family would not be complete without 
a record and history of this mother and her ancestors. 


Her grandfather was Nehemiah White, born in Williamsburgh, 
Massachusetts, 1756, who is in the iine of descent of Perregrine White, 
who was the first child born after the pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. 

The father of Mrs. Gardner was one of the early Ohio pioneers and 
conducted a large axe factory from which place Ohio was largely sup- 
plied with edged tools. He amassed quite a fortune and was a very lib- 
eral man. He had a large family and was very devoted to them. He 
was a member of the Congregational church and for many years was 
the leader of the choir. He was a natural musician as was each of his 
eight children. With small exceptions he built and furnished the Con- 
gregational church. 

He was of tall, noble figure. He was^ in his glory with his family 
about him at home or church. He had a beautiful home with plenty, 
sharing his income with his God and his neighbors. 

As he was broad in his philanthropy he was broad in his nature and 
in his interpretation of the Scriptures. He was dominated by a love as 
broad as humanity. He gave of his time and money to the cause of the 
slave. He was a staunch member of the ^'underground railway system." 

Unselfish in every respect he was greatly loved by his family and 
especially by his grandchildren. One of his grandsons has said: 

"In memory I have gone back to the years of my childhood to the 
'old home on the hill/ — a barefoot boy, there again I met his gracious 
smile and welcome as he extended the liberty of the town, as such it was, 
with the numerous buildings and business that his genius had wrought. 
While his time was engrossed with a large business enterprise which 
required his entire time, his great heart never allowed him to neglect 
his grandchildren. He would tell us where we could go in swimming 
with safety, and tell us to help ourselves to the walnuts and butternuts 
in the garret. He would tell grandma to spread a whole piece of bread 
with butter and honey and she should put the honey on thick, and sup- 
erintend the spreading of the first piece, and exact a promise from her 
to spread them all as the first one. She always kept her promise. He 
was always ever mindful of his grandchildren and there was quite a 
crowd of us." 

He had a choir of his own and on Sabbath morning his chil- 
dren, the melodeon and a variety of instruments would be brought 
down from his house in the old-fashioned spring wagon drawn by their 
old family horse, "Cubb." for a number of years his own family com- 
posed the choir. 

On the north was the White industry. On the south was the Gard- 
ner mills and store. Om the north was the leader of the Congregational 
church. On the south was the leader of the Methodist Episcopal. Not 
much diflference in polity and none in doctrine. The interests of these 
two families became general. They were thrown so closely together 
that they were inseparable. 

It is needless to say that the interests became broad and they both 
amassed great fortunes. They were both blessed with all of this world's 
goods that could be desired. 

Mr. White had his own village and lived one of the contented hap- 
py lives. Mr. Gardner had his farms and about a mile below the busi- 
ness port of town erected a large brick building that for years was the 



wonder of the surrounding country. For many years this was the home 
of Albon Crocker Gardner and his family. One son was all he had. The 
daughters nearly all married Methodist Episcopal preachers. The rea- 
son can clearly be seen. This was the home of Methodism. The young 
preachers came there and as long as there was a Gardner girl they were 
to be considered eligible for a preacher's wife. 

Albon Bancroft Gardner was reared under these influences. He 
saw the life of his father spent for the accumulation of property 
and laying the foundation of this section of the country and the making 
of character for the hundreds of employees and citizens. 

It is natural that the life of this man would diverge from that of 
his father to the extent of providing the means of retaining that which 
his father had established. This mission was performed by this only 

There is a lesson to be drawn from the life of Albon Bancroft Gard- 
ner that we do not want the reader to fail to secure. His father was in 
possession then of what would make him a multi-millionaire at this day. 

This son did not demonstrate the disposition to consume in revelry, 
neither did he manifest a disposition of hoarding. He spent his life 
where his father had spent his by "doing good unto all men," and chose 
the place of the good Samaritan. As his father before him was coun- 
selor in all matters so was the son. He became the advisor and in his 
official relation as Justice of Peace occupied the place in its true sense 
a Justice of Peace. His principles were to be at peace with all men. 
Chagrin Falls has had its Whites and Gardners and as the birthplace is 
so sacred to the memory of each of the children of this branch of the 
family so it is to all of the citizens of this town. 


Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Eliza Jane Gardner was the eldest child of Abraham, Sr., and Sarah 
(Purcell) Gardner. Born in Brown County in 1824. She married An- 
drew Brentlinger. 

To them were born children as follows: 




Sarah Ann, 






The family has become so scattered it was a difficult matter to ob- 
tain this limited information. 



Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Fifth child of Abraham, Sr., and Sarah (Purcell) Gardner, was born 
in Brown County, Ohio, in the year 1834. She married Daniel Brent- 
linger, July 8, 1852. They were married by George B. Bennet, Justice 
of the Peace. Unable to secure record of children. 


Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lucy Gardner, daughter of Abraham, Sr., and Sarah (Purcell) Gard- 
ner, was born November 19, 1826. Married Samuel Carter, March 8, 
1849. He w^s born January 19, 1819. To them were born the following 
children : 

Sarah Elizabeth, born February 19, 1850. 

John, born November 16, 1852. 

Charles H., born September i, 1854; died Nov. 10, 1855. 

William S., born April 25, 1855. 


Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjanun (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Benjamin Gardner, son of Abraham and Sarah (Purcell) Gardner, 
was born June 22, 1829, on the old homestead in Brown County, Ohio. 
He married, first, Susan Vaughn, to whom children were born. One 
reached womanhood, Susan. He married, second, Catherine Orr, July 
21, 1853. Married by R. D. Oldfield, Minister. To them were born 
children, two of whom died early and are buried in the family cemetery 
on the old homestead in Auglaize County, Ohio. One daughter, who 
reachd womanhood. 

Katherine, born October 5, i860. 

Mr. Gardner married, third, Rachel Groff, of Wapakoneta, Ohio. 

There was born to them the following children : 

Milo, - ^ 




Benjamin Gardner was the first son born to the parents, and was 
given the family name of Benjamin, which had marked the record for 
several generations. He had a twin sister Marinda. He was about six 
years of age when his father came to the wilderness of Allen County, 
Ohio, (now Auglaize County), and began a pioneer life with his large 

Young Benjamin, being the only boy until 1836, when his only 
brother Abraham, Jr., was born, it can readily be understood the very 


difficult part this young boy and man played in the clearing up and im- 
provement of the new home. 

The writer, having never seen any member of this family, must de- 
pend upon the history of the life of Mr. Gardner from incidents related 
by Abraham, Jr., and letters from the daughters. From the record oi 
the death of the father of Benjamin, it will be seen that the care of the 
younger members of the family largely fell upon this son. He remained 
at home and with his brother tilled the farm and preserved the home 
until the children had all reached their estate. 

In 1861 Benjamin Gardner, having sold his interest in the home- 
stead, concluded to make a home for himself and little family in the 
west. He had the spirit of his forefathers, and departed overland, driv- 
ing over the prairies and through the forests to the state of Iowa, locat- 
ing in West Union, Fayette County. He did not remain there long 
until he resumed his search for a home and finally located at Chester, 
Jefferson County, Kansas. He continued there some time, and sold his 
property and removed to Bunker Hill, Russell Co., Kansas, in 1876. 

He continued to live at Bunker Hill until a few years before his 
death, when he sold his property and removed to Rossville, Kknsas, and 
from there to Dennison, Kansas, where he lived until the time of his 
death, which occurred Sept. 9, 1904. He was buried at Dennison, Kan- 
sas. The widow and youngest daughter reside at Dennison, Kansas. 

Mr. Gardner's entire life was of the strenuous character. During^ 
his boyhood days in the assistance to clear up a forest home, and, early 
after his marriage, began his life with his family in the unbroken and 
unsettled west. 

Mr. Gardner became a prosperous farmer and enjoyed the advan- 
tages that accrue with the increase of valuation of property. He was 
very much of the disposition and temperament of his father. He had re- 
ceived good common school education. He was a man devoted to his 
church, and enjoyed the blessings of a religious life. 


Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Marinda Gardner, daughter of Abraham, Sr., and Sarah (Purcell) 
Gardner, was born June 22, 1829; married William Brentlinger, Jr., 
March 29, 1849. She died February 16, 1861. William Brentlinger was 
born April 15, 1824; died July 19, 1879. 

To them were born the following children: 

Abram E., born December 15, 1849.' 

Charles, born March 9, 1851. 

William T., born January 4, 1853 ; died January 13, 1854. 

Sarah Elizabeth, born November 23, 1854. 

Levi James, born November 23, 1854. 

Samuel, born November 22, 1856; died February 10, 1862. 

Andrew T., born November 24, 1858. 

John Henry, born February 5, 1861 ; died March 11, 1861. 



Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah Gardner, daughter of Abraham, Sr., and Sarah (Purcell) 
Gardner, was born^ in Brown County, Ohio, August 5, 1832. She mar- 
ried, first, David Kent, who died. No children. She married, second, 
David Butler, January 3, 1856. Mr. Butler was born March 3, 1835. 

To them were born children as follows: 

Twins — Albert and Alice, born May 12, 1857. 

Florence, born Feb. 20, i860. Died young. 

Lewis, born July 9, 1863. 

Cora, born December 20, 1865. Died young. 

Robert, born February 20, 1868. 

Mrs. Butler was the fifth child of her parents and was a very small 
girl when her father settled in Auglaize County. The early pioneer life 
is familiar to her. 

Mr. Butler enlisted from Auglaize County, Ohio, January 27, 1864, 
and was mustered into U. S. service as a private of Company I, 34th 
Regiment, O. V. I., under Captain Underwood and Colonel F. R. Frank- 
lin, to serve three years or during the war. He was captured at Beverly, 
\V. Va., January 10, 1865, and confined in Libby Prison until March 5, 
1865, then paroled. 

He was honorably discharged July 27, 1865, at Wheeling, W. Va., 
on account of close of the war. 

The regiment was assigned to Johnson's brigade, Dural's Division, 
8th Corps, Army of W. Va., and participated in many of the important 
engagements. His health was very materially impaired and for the last 
few years of his life he was blind. He died Feb. 3, 1897. 

Mrs. Butler resides at 'her own home at Uniopolis, Ohio. 


Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Clarissa Gardner, daughter of Abraham Gardner, Sr., and Sarah 
(Purcell) Gardner, was born on the old homestead, Auglaize County, 
Ohio, March 23, 1836. Married George Fairfield, January 21, 1856. 

To them were born the following children : 

Horace, born Aug. i, 1857. 

Lewis William, born October 15, 1858. 

As written in the history of Abraham, Jr., she was born soon after 
the removal to the new home in what is now known as Auglaize Coun- 
ty, Ohio. 

Being one of the younger children, and a girl, she did not have the 
discomforts of the older children, for the log hut soon gave place to a 
very comfortable home, and before her marriage, the palatial brick, 
erected by her father. The home was luxuriously furnished for the home 


of an early farmer. While so situated there lived on the farm south, 
another family that had encountered the hardships of a pioneer life. 

In that home was a stalwart young man of excellent character. 

Frequently these young people visited and family greetings would 
be exchanged. E'xchange of labor was the custom of those days. This 
brought the young man to whom we refer to this home. 

George Fairfield, the husband of Clarissa Gardner, lived a distance 
from the old homestead. Mr. Fairfield was a member of the Church of 
Christ and preached the doctrine advocated by Alexander Campbell. He 
preached much and was not in touch with the other branches of the fam- 
ily, consequently his early life was not as familiar to the writer as other 
members of the family. 

They removed to Paulding, Paulding County, Ohio, and have re- 
sided there on a farm, owning quite a large tract of land. H'e has been 
a very devout, religious man and careful in his transactions. With 
pleasure we listened to him recount the experiences of a pioneer life, 
when a boy living near the farm of Abraham Gardner, Sr. The Fair- 
fields are very tall and slender. Mr. Fairfield is more than six feel tall, 
and has a son Lewis who is six feet and four inches tall and weighs us- 
ually about one hundred and sixty pounds. 


Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Abraham Gardner, Jr., youngest son of Abraham, Sr., and Sarah 
(Purcell) Gardner, was born in Auglaize County, Ohio, March 21, 1836. 
Died at Berkeley, California, January 21, 1905. Aged 68 years, 10 months 
and 6 days. 

In the year 1857 he married Mary Jane Northup, who died Novem- 
ber 28, i860. 

To them were born two children: 

Horace W., born March 15, 1858. 

An infant daughter. Died November 23, i860. 

Abraham Gardner, Jr., married, second, Harriett Brentlinger, 1861, 
daughter of William Brentlinger, Sr. 

To them were born three children : 

Walter Scott, born February 3, 1862. 

Charles Morris, born July 25, 1863. 

Mary Jane (Jennie), born September 2, 1865. 

Mr. Gardner was the twin brother of Clarissa, and they were the 
first children born to the parents after coming to the new wilderness 
home, in what is now Auglaize County, Ohio. 

What is peculiar to early pioneer life of the father of this boy was 
true of him. Only a small patch of land had been cleared on the new 
farm when he was born. 

The writer well remembers the long evenings of winter being occu- 
pied with the telling of the incidents peculiar to the early life in the wil- 
derness. Deer were so plentiful that they made themselves troublesome 
and were destructive to the growing crops. 


Wild hogs were plentiful, and small game abounded. Blackhoof 
Creek, just west of the house, was the fishing creek for young Abraham, 
and so abundant was the finny tribe that they experienced no difficulty 
in securing a large catch. Quite a portion of the farm had been cleared 
when young Abraham was old enough to take his part in the work. His 
father procured for him a light-weight axe with which to assist in chop- 
ping timber. He also procured for him a short scythe, and young Abra- 
ham took his place in mowing the field, but he has said he was always 
victorious in the rivalry to maintain his place, and never permitted a 
man to mow around him. 

•His father had purchased additional farms and there was a large 
area of land to be tilled, which was done by the two boys. His father 
being one of those diligent men, not knowing what it was to have idle 
time, they accumulated a large amount of property and erected large 
buildings upon the same. Young Abraham became an expert in the ust; 
of the axe and adz. Many of the heavy timbers that are in the large 
barn were hewn by him. The writer has seen him fell a large tree, and 
in a very short time, have it transformed into a stick ready for the posi- 
tion intended. 

A large sugar camp occupied the north part of the farm. This camp 
gave employment for the early weeks of spring. It fell upon young 
Abraham to gather the sap, his brother Benjamin to chop the wood and 
keep the fire, while their father attended to the "stirring oflf." 

An experience that the children of Abraham, Jr., would frequently 
call for was the story of the run-away horse. He had, what was always 
regarded, a very docile, trusty old horse. There came a good run of sap 
and every effort was taxed to care for it. A sled had been prepared 
with a large barrel fastened upon it with which to gather the sap and 
convey it to the kettles. Everybody had grown weary and wished the 
sap would quit flowing, but as the product was a source of revenue, It 
must not be neglected. Even the old horse gave evidence of becoming 
weary of the strenuous hours and resolved to break away from it, as the 
boys wished they could do. When the barrel was about full of sap the 
old horse concluded to break the monotony and for the first time in his 
life went cantering oflf with the sled and load of sap. Turned over the 
sled, spilled the sap, took a circuitous route, returning to his driver. In 
the meantime the young driver had cut a large whip to punish the horse, 
but he said, **the old horse looked so innocent I threw away the whip 
and took him to the barn." Each year hundreds of pounds of maple 
sugar would be made, the family using this as well as the syrup. 

Young Abraham* was given the advantages that the schools then 
afforded, and became more than an ordinary scholar. Practical lessons 
were taught. 

The writer remembers one problem in the arithmetic used by young 
Abraham. The terms in use then and propositions were of a practical, 
everyday occurrence. The picture of a tree with a squirrel in the top 
was said to be seventy-five feet high. The man with a gun could see the 
squirrel when standing fifty feet from the tree. What was the distance 
the ball from the gun would have to travel to hit the squirrel? 

Nearly all the problems in that old arithmetic were based upon pro- 
positions with which they were familiar. 


When he reached early manhood he enjoyed the advantages of a 
good home with plenty of comforts. Their father did not deprive them 
of the enjoyments when they had the means, but by example encour- 
aged it. 

His father dying when he was about nineteen y^ars of age, the care 
of the farm and the duties thereof fell upon him and his older brother. 

These brothers proceeded to purchase the interests of the eight sis- 
ters. This proved to be a greater effort than they were able to carry 
through, and the farm was sold to George Kelsey, of St. Marys, Ohio. 

The balance due was paid to the sisters and the difference retainetl 
by the brothers. This occurred at the close of the year 1861. 

The interests of the two brothers then separated, and Abraham took 
possession of a farm a short distance west of Wapakoneta, which for 
many years was known as the Burke farm, situated on the Glynwood 
pike, where the writer was born. 

Mr. Gardner continued to live near Wapakoneta until 1879, when he 
concluded to go west. He stopped for a short time at Springfield, Mo. 

He did not like the prairie land and pushed on farther west until he 
reached California. His attention here was given largely to ranches, 
and with the McPherson Brothers planted large vineyards in Arizona 
and California. He spent a great portion of his time at the following 
places: Los Angeles, Santa Ana, Hanford, Anaheim, having financial 
interests with different ranches. 

Mr. Gardner was a practical, honest man. Making no g^eat profes- 
sion, but was a believer in the Christian principles and higher life. He 
died January 21, 1905. 

He is buried on the family lot of his son, Charles M. Gardner, 
Woodlawn cemetery, Toledo, Ohio. 


Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Caroline Gardner, daughter of Abraham and Sarah ( Purcell) Gard- 
ner, was born September 8, 1838. Married George W. Harshbarger 
January 15, i860. 

Three children were born and died in infancy. The following lived 
to maturity: 

Charles, born December 12, 1866. 

Enos,born August 12, 1872. 

Ida, born August 12, 1872. 

George W. Harshbarger was born in Rockingham County, Virginia, 
October 6, 1835. Moved with his parents and grandparents to Licking 
County, Ohio, in 1838; and from there to Auglaize County in 1852. 
where he now resides. In the fall of 1862 he enlisted in the service of 
his country and served in Company K, O. V. I. He was with Genera! 
Grant in the western division in many of the heavy engagements. He 
has enjoyed a quiet life and has been one of Auglaize County's pros- 
perous farmers. 



Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Elizabeth Gardner, youngest daughter of Abraham, Sr., and Sarah 
(Purcell) Gardner, was born in the year 1840; married John W. Fair- 
field, November 6, 1859. They were married by J. D. Williams, Justice 
of the Peace, Auglaize County, Ohio. 

Their children were: 

Elizabeth, born December 18, i860. 

Thomas, born October 7, 1862. 

Mrs. Fairfield, after a very brief illness, died April 1, 1863, leaving 
these two small children. In the fall of 1865 Mr. Fairfield removed to 
Livingston County, 111. In 1870, he removed to Champaign County, 111. 
He died October 3, 1879. 


Seth (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

George B. Gardner, son of Seth and Elma Sands (Barrere) Gard- 
ner, was born in Russellville, Brown County, Ohio, May 12, 1828. He 
was married May 3, 1853, to Maria Amanda Robinson of Fayette Coun- 
ty, Ohio. 

Two children were born to them as follows : 

Carey, died in infancy. 

Grace G., born March 3, 1854. 

His father, Seth Gardner, was a cabinet maker; also a merchant 
and hotel keeper. He was an active participant in the war of 1812. 

His mother was a native of Highland County, Ohio, a daughter of 
Judge George W. Barrere, a prominent pioneer of the last named county. 

His paternal grandfather was Benjamin Gardner, a soldier in the 
army of the American Revolution. 

George B. Gardner in his early boyhood days worked on a farm 
during the summer and attended school in the winter. At the age of 
twelve he was placed as an apprentice in the printing office of "Tlie 
Practical Examiner" at Georgetown, Brown County, Ohio, where he 
remained for four and a half years. He afterwards went to Ripley, Ohio, 
and worked in the office of the Ripley Bee," a weekly paper at that 
place. Here he attended the select school at Ripley, Ohio, for about 
two years. 

He remained in Ripley as printer and student until 1848, when he 
spent a few months in the law office with his uncle. Nelson Barrere, of 
Hillsboro, Ohio. He then removed to Washington C. H., Ohio, where 
he purchased the "Fayette New Era." He edited and published this 
paper until June, 1856. In 1855 he was admitted to the bar. From i8c6 
until the fall of 1861 he was in practice of law at Washington C. H., 


In 1861 he accompanied the 60th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infan- 
try, as Captain of Company C, to the seat of the war of the Rebellion 
in Virginia, and served with his Company, and as Acting Assistant Ad- 
jutant General of brigade until the surrender of Harper's Ferry, where 
his regiment was one of the bodies captured. It was then immediately 
paroled and sent to Camp Douglas, at Chicago, Illinois, and there re- 
mained until the expiration of its term of service. 

In November, 1862, he returned to Washington C. H., Ohio, and in 
the winter of 1862-3 served as Deputy Assessor of the United States 
for Internal Revenue. In April, i8i53, he was appointed Commissioner 
of Enrollment of the Sixth Congressional Ohio district with headquar- 
ters at Hillsboro, Ohio, and continued in that office till the close of the 

In 1865 he opened a law office in Hillsboro, Ohio, where he yet re- 
mains in the practice of law. He has been Justice of the Peace, Mayor 
and Probate Judge. 

Politically he was a Whig. Upon the breaking out of the war of 
1861 he joined the Union party and then became and is at present a Re- 

Mr. Gardner has been a very strong man in the moulding of the 
political and social life of Hillsboro. He is one of those resolute, strong 
personalities. He has been a clean-cut professional man and enjoyed 
the full confidence of the people. 


Seth (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Hon. Mills T. Gardner, son of Seth and Elma Sands (Barrere) Gard- 
ner, was born at Russellville, Brown County, Ohio, Jan. 30, 1830. He 
married Margaret Morrow of Highland County, Ohio, in 1857. To them 
the following children were born who are still living. Mr. and Mrs. 
Gardner had five children older than the two mentioned, all of whom 
died within one week of diphtheria: 


Edith Hortense. 

Hon. Mills T. Gardner, son of Seth and Elma Sands (Barrere) Gard- 
ner, received his early preliminary education at the common schools, 
and afterwards went to an academy taught by the Rev. John Rankin, 
Ripley, Ohio, where he remained until fourteen years of age, when he 
entered a dry goods store as clerk, and sold goods until 1855. 

While employed in the mercantile business he was also studying 
law under the supervision of his uncle, the Hon. NIelson Barrere, of 
Hillsboro, Ohio. 

In 185s Mr. Gardner became a resident of Fayette County, and in 
fS.s.s was admitted to the bar, and has been continuously engaged in the 
active work of his profession. 

He has been a verv strong factor in the political history of the Re- 
publican party of his State. 


We might insert at this place that his uncle, Hon. Nelson Barrere, 
of Hillsboro, Ohio, was the last Whig candidate for governor of Ohio. 
His grandfather, George W. Barrere, was also a very prominent politi- 
cal factor in the early history of the State. 

In 185s Mr. Gardner was elected prosecuting attorney of Fayette 
County, and re-elected to the same office, serving four years. 

He was a member of the Ohio State Senate in 1862-3, during that 
memorable and historic period. 

In 1864 he was presidential elector from his congressional district 
and voted for Abraham Lincoln in the Electoral College. 

He enjoys the distinction of having voted three times for Abraham 
Lincoln for President, twice as a citizen, and once as the chosen repre- 
sentative of the people in the Electoral College of 1864. 

He was a member of the Ohio State House of Representatives 

In 1872 he was elected to the Constitutional Convention of the 
State, and served during its sessions of 1872-3. 

In 1876 he was elected a member to the Forty-fifth Congress from 
the Third District of Ohio, and the same year was a member of the 
National Republican Convention, which nominated Rutherford B. Hayes 
for President. 

Mr. Gardner's seat while in Congress was between that of the two 
martyred Presidents, James A. Garfield and William McKSnley, and 
they were very warm friends. 

He has been a very devout member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, having united with this church very early in his life. 

He has been a leader in this denomination, not only in his home 
town has his influence been felt but throughout the State. He has been 
abundantly blessed with this world's goods and has been a liberal con- 
tributor to his church. 

Washington C H., Ohio, his home, has one of the most beautiful 
M. E. Churches in the denomination, and great credit is due Mr. Gard- 
ner for the erection and financing this project. 

His business career has been a long and successful one. He is 
president of a National Bank, and interested in a great many of the 
financial institutions of his county. 

He owns a large tract of real estate adjacent to the town and has 
one of the most beautiful residences there. 

The history of the home of Hon. Mills T. Gardner is not complete 
without gracious mention of these two very excellent daughters who are 
the comfort and consolation of Mr. Gardner in his advancing years. The 
good wife of this home has gone to her reward some nine years. Cul- 
tured and self-sacrificing are both these daughters. Because they have 
remained at home and made this home agreeably pleasant, they are 
never going to grow old, so there will always be two young ladies at 
the home of Hon. Mills Gardner. Miss Edith spent several years 
abroad studying with the masters in vocal art. 

The great success of Washine:ton C. H. Methodist Episcopal church 
is due largely to the musical ability of Miss Edith Gardner. 



Seth (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 
Benony (2), George (i). 

Thomas F. Gardner, youngest son of Seth and EJma Sands (Bar- 
rere) Gardner, wah born in Highland County, Ohio, February 18, 1832. 

Three children, two of whom are living, the other having died in 
infancy : 

Charles F. 


Mr. Gardner early in life learned the trade of printer, and devoted 
his life to this work. He was the editor and proprietor of the Republic, 
a paper of Washington C. H., and performed a great service to his polit- 
ical party as an editor. He was one of those keen, witty writers. 

The reader will observe the traits characteristic of the Gardner fam- 
ily in that punctual exactness. This is true of Thomas Gardner. He has 
every trait of the Gardner ancestry. He owns a fine property in Wash- 
ington C. H., which receives personal care. He has been termed the 
Burbank of Ohio. His lawn, which is his constant pride and care, is the 
most beautiful in his town. 


Lucy (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 

Benony (2), George (i). 

Lucinda, daughter of Phillip and Lucy. (Gardner) Jolly, was born 
in southern Ohio. She married Soloman Thompson. 
Children : 
George W., 
Sarah Ann, 
Francis M. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Barton Beasley Gardner, oldest child of Elder Matthew and Sally 
(Beasley) Gardner, was born March 27, 1814. Died March 5, 1889. 

October 20, 1836. he married Susanna Elliot. There were no chil- 
dren born to them. He was a prominent business man in his day, from 
1852 to 1878, when be quit business and went to his farm which was lo- 
cated about two miles north of Hiec^insport. He met several heavy 
business reverses from the last of which he never rallied. 



Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benany (2), George (i). 

Sally, oldest daughter of Matthew and Sally (Beasley) Gardner, 
was born December 5th, 1815. Died October 25, 1891. Married Michael 
Shinkle, December ist, 1836. He was born March 6th, 181 5. Died Feb- 
ruary 15th, 1900. 

To them were born the following children: 

Walter L., born September 13, 1837. 

John G., born May 23rd, 1840. 

Barton B., born about 1843, records not clear. 

Thomas C, born 1845. 

Matthew Hale, born 1848. 

Sarah Josephine, born about 1852, and died young. 

Michael E., born 1854. 

George Washington, born 1857 and died young. 

Six members of this family grew to manhood and reared families. 

Mrs. Shinkle was a very devout member of the "Union Church/' 
which her father organised in 1818, and continued in that relation for 
more than fifty years. 

Mr. Shinkle was a member of the same church with his wife, being 
one of the leaders and served as trustee about thirty years. He was a^ 
prosperous farmer and for a number of years was prominent in business. 

He was a man of plain habits, but noted for his sterling worth in his 
community. Prompt in all his business transactions, one of the best of 
neighbors, always prompt in attendance in illness in the community. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), GeoCge (i). 

George W., son of Matthew and Sally (Beasley) Gardner, was born 
Jan. 30, 1818; died May 7, 1868. He married Eliza Slack, Dec. 30, 1841, 
at Logan's Gap, Ohio. They settled on a farm near Oak Grove, Ohio, 
which is about three miles north of Higginspirt. They resided there 
until Mr. Gardner's death. 

Children : 

Martha Anna, born Jan. 14, 1843; married Henry Kinney, Mar. 16, 
1866. Children : Hattie, Maud, Belle, George. 

Sarah Ellen, born May 17, 1844; married John Franklin Shinkle, 
April 17, 1861. Six children were born to them, but we have not their 

John Franklin, born May 13, 1846; married Adaline Elliot, and had 
three children, of whom Frank, the youngest, is the only survivor. 

William Matthew, born Jan. 21, 1848; married Sarah Belle Bartlow. 

George Washington, born March 23, 1850; married Lucy London, 
and lives at Higginsport, Ohio. 

Barton Beasley, born March 4, 1852; died in infancy. 


James Dillaway, born Dec. 27, 1854; married Jennie Lind Hite, 
daughter of James M. Hite; one child, Lela, married Mr. Blair. 

Wesley Beacher, born Sept. 27, 1856; married Lulu Bertz. Children: 
Pearl, Lottie. 

Emma Maria, born Nov. 27, 1859; married Jesse Dugan Hite, June 
23, 1885. Children: Albert, Leona, married Biltz. 

Mary, born May 28, 1862; died in infancy. 

Of this large family only the mother and two sons, William Mat- 
thew and George Washington, survive. The mother at the advanced 
age of 81 has a clear mind and pursues her household duties unaided. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Jeptha Monroe Gardner, son of Elder Matthew and Sally (Beasley) 
Gardner, was born April 10, 1820. Died February, 1906. Married Mar- 
guerite Dalton, December 9, 1842. 

There were born to them six children as follows : 

John D., born April 4, 1843 ; died 1907. 

George F., born September 22, 1846. 

Sarah M., born April 30, 1848. 

Elnathan M., born April 2, 1850. 

Mary C, born September 13, 1851-2. 

Thomas H. (known as "Doc"), born July 7, 1853. 

Jeptha M. Gardner being one of the older sons of the preacher, had 
the experiences that but few of the older people realized. 

In connection with this man's life we would call attention to the 
history of the life of his father. Very many more pages have been de- 
voted to Matthew Gardner because it narrates events and conditions 
that touch the life of his entire family. Early in the second dacade of 
the nineteenth century his father began preaching on what is known 
as "Shinkle Ridge." 

The father had an eye to business as well as to preaching, and he 
purchased several tracts of very excellent land on this ridge. 

By this means Jeptha Gardner took up a home in the western part 
of Brown County, some sixteen miles from his father's home. This 
farm is located about midway between Higginsport and Georgetown on 
the west pike. 

Soon after locating he erected a large commodious house, where 
he continued to live until his death. Mr. Gardner had inherited the 
traits of character so peculiar to the Gardner family. He was diligent 
and by close application amassed a large fortune. His eldest son John 
D. Gardner, was the main support of the farm. He served his father 
as few sons do. 

Mr. Gardner lived to a ripe old age, reaching the age of eighty-six. 

We have learned there was none in the family that lived to be 
older than he. He retained his mental faculties until his death. 

I>y reason of his age and his home being open, his family possessed 
more valuable information of the family record than any place the wri- 
ter visited. We were sorry not to have seen this aged man. Soon after 


he passed away a peculiar accident occurred. Many valuable records 
belonging to his father which affected the disposition of the property 
and estate of Benjamin Gardner the early settler of Ohio, were con- 
sumed by fire. 

Mr. Gardner was very eccentric. During his long life he never had 
one dollar of fire insurance, but fortunately never suffered any loss. 

When he died his property passed into the hands of an administra- 
tor, who insured the buildings, and only three weeks elapsed till nearly 
every building except the barn was destroyed by fire. 

Mrs. Gardner died several years before he did and he remained a 
widower till his death. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lucinda Eliza Gardner, daughter of Elder Matthew and Sally 
(Beasley) Gardner, was born in Brown County, Ohio, March 28, 1823. 
Died January 12, 1888. She married William Johnson Lindsey, May 2, 
1842. He was born in Kentucky October 14, 1821. Died at Manchester, 
Ohio, May 15, 1898. The following children were born to them: 

Sarah Bell, born August 7, 1847, ^it Maysville, Kentucky. Married 
Amos W. Hamer and live at Manchester, Adams County, Ohio. 

Mary Maria, born February 22, 1850, in Brown County, Ohio. Mar- 
ried Nathan M. Foster and lives at Clarence. Ford County, 111. 

Barton Beasley, born April 8, 1853, in Brown County, Ohio. Mar- 
ried Tamer Eldred and lives at Portsmouth, Ohio. 

John Gardner, born December 28, 1854, in Brown County, Ohio. 
Married Dora Amelia Holmes, March 25, 1880, and resides at Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

George William, born December 8, 1856, in Brown County, Ohio. 
Married first, Margarette Perry, who died. He married, second, Dora 
Ploughman, who also died. His place of residence is unknown. 

Charles Oscar, born December 20, 1859, in Adams County, Ohio. 
Married Ella Ashenlust, December, 1881. He died July 25, 1896, at 
Manchester, Ohio. Mrs. Gardner died December 25, 1895. 

Franklin Sherman, born February 6, 1865, ^^ Adams County, Ohio. 
Married Belle Parker and resides at Cincinnati, Ohio. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Louisa M. Gardner, daughter of Elder Matthew and Sally (Beas- 
ley) Gardner, was born September 15, 1825. Married Abner DeVore, 
March 5, 1846. 

Abner DeVore was born May 12, 1824. There was born as the is- 
sue of this union: 


Benjamin F., March 20, 1847. 

Julia B., Nbvember 27, 1848. 

John W., February 14, 1850. 

Louis G., November 28, 1851. 

George W., February 19, 1854; died June 3, 1882. 

Carey M., January 17, 1856. 

Charles P., January 2, 1858. 

Mrs. DeVore died December 6, i860. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Julia Elmira Gardner, daughter of Elder Matthew and Sally (Beas- 
ley) Gardner, was born April 7, 1828. Married Samuel H. Hopkins. 

Samuel H. Hopkins was born January 22, 1826. The following 
children were born to them : 

James Marion, born October 2, 1849. Never married. 

Sarah Ruth, born April 17, 185 1. 

Edward Elnathan, born April 29, 1859. Never married. 

Mr. Hopkins has been one of the prosperous farmers of Adams 
Co., Ohio. He is living at this writing at a ripe old age and one of the 
honored citizens of his county. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

James Alexander Gardner, son of Elder Matthew and Sally (Beas- 
ley) Gardner, was born November 13, 1830. Married Mary Toner, Jan- 
uary 14, 1850. 

The following is a statement recorded by his father: "In July, 
1851, our fourth son, James Alexander,. died of 'bloody-flux.' This was 
the first death in my family. He was almost twenty-one years of age. 
He lived some five miles from us, and left a wife and one child. He 
was a young man of excellent constitution. I had baptized him and 
his wife a few months previous to his death. Shortly before he died he 
said : The spring of life is the time to prepare for death.* " 

He is buried beside his mother in the Beasley cemetery just south 
of the Matthew Gardner homestead. 


Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Na- 
thaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John Wickliffe Gardner, son of Elder Matthew and Sally (Beasley) 
Gardner, was born April 17, 1836. Married Nancy Jane Boggs, April 

23, 1857. 



Eight children were born to them as follows: 

Charles Walter, born August 7, 1859. 

Louis Oscar, born October 18, i860. 

Malinda Alice, born September 5, 1862. 

George Washington, born September 2, 1866. 

William Matthew, born September 18, 1869. 

Stacy Emerson, born September 11, 1870. 

Hattie May, born April 24, 1872. 

Frederick Eugene, born March 21, 1874. Drowned winter 1906-7. 

Mr. Gardner was one of the sons who remained on his father's 
homestead. The rest of the children, with the exception of Elnathan 
M., had been placed upon farms in the eastern or western part of the 
county. Mr. Gardner has been a farmer during his entire life, remaining 
upon this farm, enjoying a quiet life with his large family. He has not 
been a rugged man, and would have been better adapted to almost any 
other vocation. Early in life his desire was for a college education. He 
expressed his wishes to his father and evidenced a desire to enter the 
work of the ministry. It may seem strange to the reader when he re- 
members that his father was one of the most earnest, self-sacrificing 
preachers, that he would not permit his son to attend school as he de- 
sired. The young man agreed to repay the money with interest, and to 
serve his father for the same period of time consumed while in college. 
His father would not comply with the young man's wishes, consequent- 
ly John W. Gardner has spent his life upon his farm. He has been very 
successful in the conduct of his farm, and has a very pleasant, comfor- 
table, country home. He is a man of broad experience and fine intel- 
lect, being a good conversationalist and pleasing in address. 


Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), Gkorge (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Albon Luther Gardner, son of Albon Bancroft and Sarah (White) 
Gardner, was born September 18, 1847, ^tt Chagrin Falls, Ohio. He mar- 
ried Kate Maria Doolittle, eldest daughter of Mark R. and Alta (Per- 
sons) Doolittle, November 6, 1872. 

To them were born two children as follows : 

George Albon, born March 13, 1874. 

Kate Saloma, born November 7, 1880. Married Broy Canfield, Octo- 
ber 19, 1904. One child was born to them : Sarah Jeanette. 

Albon Luther Gardner, the oldest son of Albon Bancroft Gardner, 
was born at Chagrin Falls, Ohio, in what was then the rear of the Post 
Office. He was reared on the farm one mile south of Chagrin Falls from 
his tenth till his sixteenth year. When eighteen years of age he entered 
the dry goods store of his uncle, B. Williams, where he remained one 
year. While engaged in this occupation he was also preparing for his 
medical course under the direction of Dr. H. W. Curtis. He entered 
the office of the Doctor and continued his studies with him until he had 
graduated from the Western Reserve Medical Collegfe, Cleveland, Ohio, 
in the spring following his reaching his majority. He then entered into 


a partnership with Dr. Nathan Schneider professor of surgery, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, and the following year graduated from the Cleveland Hom- 
oeopathic Hospital College of Cleveland, Ohio. The partnership was 
then extended admitting Dr. H. F. Bigger both of whom became distin- 
guished surgeons. He has been continuously in the practice of his pro- 
fesion since 1871 ; and it has proved an exceptionally lucrative practice. 


Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), George (5), Ezekicl (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Roscoe Gaylord Gardner, son of Albon and Sarah (White) Gard- 
ner, was born April 16, 1849, at Chagrin Falls, Ohio, a short distance 
from Cleveland. 

He had the advantages of a home with a sufficiency of means and a 
good school educa4:ion and when seventeen years old attended Commer- 
cial College at Cleveland, Ohio. After completing his course he became 
bookkeeper for his uncle, Benjamin Williams, a dry goods merchant of 
Chagrin Falls, Ohio. This was in the year 1867. Three years later Oc- 
tober 12, 1870, he married Miss Florence Eveline Clover, of Greenville, 

In 1871 he became bookkeeper for Elisha B Piatt, who was a bank- 
er at Chagrin Falls, Ohio. He remained with Mr. Piatt fourteen months 
after which he removed to Cleveland, Ohio, and became the individual 
bookkeeper for Everett Weddell and Company, bankers, which position 
he held from December 15, 1872,' till April i, 1883. 

April 6, 1883, he removed to Peoria, Illinois, where he became a 
member of the firm of Donnemyer, Gardner and Gates. Ten years later 
this firm changed to Donnemyer, Gardner and Company. 

Mr. Gardner has been a very successful business man and his mill- 
ing company is known all over the great central section of the United 

As is characteristic of this Gardner family, he has been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church for about forty years. 

That strong personality of the father and grandfather is prominent 
in Mr. Gardner. In all his business, social and religious life, he is a man 
of sterling qualities and character. 

He is a man of his own convictions and when his mind is settled on 
a matter it is not to be changed. In doing this he has gained for himself 
the reputation of being resolute and firm. 

That very excellent trait of life and character is the cardinal feature 
of this man.^ He has the experience of being a man of fifty-seven years 
of age without having ever taken a glass of any spirituous liquors of any 
character nor has he ever used tobacco in any form. 

A business man cannot say he is obliged to do any one of these in 
order to succeed, for there is no better business man, no cleaner man so- 
cially nor a more conscientious Christian gentleman than our friend, 
R. G. Gardner. 

Mr. Gardner is a man who enjoys his accumulations with his family 
and has a beautiful, commodious home. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Gardner was born one child, Cora Lee, born No- 
vember 21, 1873. 



Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), G«orge (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Austin Harvey Gardner, son of Albon Bancroft Gardner, and Sarah 
(White) Gardner, was born at Chagrin Falls, Ohio, December 23, 1850. 
Married Nellie Ford, of Chagrin Falls, Ohio, October 14, 1873. 

To them has been born one child : 

Charles Ford, born December 20th, 1875. 

Nellie (Ford) Gardner died at Kansas City Jan. 7th, 1897. Austin 
H. Gardner was again married at Kansas City to Miss Ella Elliott, of 
Kansas City, October 4th, 1905. 

Austin Harvey Gardner, the subject of this sketch, was employed 
on his father's farm and attended school until 1870, when he accepted 
a position as cashier and bookkeeper for the Chagrin Falls Paper Mill, 
remaining there for one year, resigning to accept a position with the dry 
goods firm of Williams and Gates, Chagrin Falls, Ohio, which he held 
for one year. He then entered the insurance field, engaging at Youngs- 
town, Ohio, where he remained for three years. Owing to the continued 
strikes at rolling mills, blast furnaces, and manufactories in that section, 
he disposed of his interests and returned to Chagrin Falls, and engaged 
in the sewing machine business. At the expiration of one year he ac- 
cepted a position as bookkeeper with Adams & Co., paper mills, of 
Chagrin Falls. At the end of the year the mill and factory was placed 
in his charge as manager. This position he held for 11J/2 years, resign- 
ing much against the^ wishes of the company to accept a position as 
cashier of the Excelsior Refining Co., Cleveland, Ohio, which position he 
held for one year, resigning to take position with the Continental Oil 
Co. (StandaW Oil Co.), Denver, Colorado. First had charge of the 
bookkeeping department, then credits, later charge of all their stations. 
Held this position for four years, resigning much against their wishes 
to take the management of The National Oil Co., at Kansas City, Mis- 
souri, which position he has held for the past fifteen years, and occupy- 
ing same position at the present time, having never yet asked for a posi- 
tion, the position having always sought him. 


Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), George (5), Eizekiel (4), Nicholas (a), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Sarah Saloma Gardner, daughter of Albon Bancroft and Sarah 
(White) Gardner, was born July 14, 1853, at Chagrin Falls, Ohio. Mar- 
ried Rev. Alfred G. Wilson, May 18, 1881. 

Their children were: 

Royal Gardner, born March 4, 1882. 

Florence Bell, born January 27, 1884. 

Edna Saloma, born December 16, 1886. 


Rev. Wilson was born at Clarion, Pennsylvania, May i8, 1850, and 
is the son of Rev. William S. Wilson. He is a graduate of Mt. Union 
College, Alliance, Ohio, and Drew Theological Seminary. He was a 
minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church until 1890, when he iden- 
tified himself with the Congregational Church. The children have in- 
herited the musical qualities of the grandparents of the mother an^ art 
identified with musical colleges. 


Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), George (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Charles Herbert Gardner, son of Albon Bancroft and Sarah (White) 
Gardner, was born August 26, 1855, ^^ Chagrin Falls, Ohio. He married 
Ifattie Elizabeth Vaughn, of Greenville, Pa., born May 5, 1858. 

To ihem has been born the following children : 

Laurence V., October 6th, 1886. 

Eugene R., August 5th, 1889. 

Grace, March 2nd, 1892. 

Marjorie, May 30th, 1894. 

Charles H. Gardner bears all the qualifications and strains of char- 
acter of both parents and their ancestors. In business he has been suc- 

Early in life he began what has proven to be one of the most suc- 
cessful business careers. A number of years since he purchased prop- 
erty in the extreme eastern part of the city of Cleveland, Ohio, where 
he has enjoyed the increase of valuation. He has erected and enjoys the 
comforts of one of the palatial residences of Euclid Avenue. 

Mr. Gardner with each member of his family are natural musicians 
and in his home can be found an orchestra as well as a choir. He is a 
man of strong convictions and asserts same. He is a member of the 
Methodist church, not only a member, but a leader, and Methodism in 
the great city of Cleveland has profited very materially by his assistance 
and practical work. His entire family are co-workers with him. His 
sterling qualities have been augmented by the very excellent wife he 
has been fortunate to possess. 


Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), George (5), Ezekiel (4), Nicholas (3), 
Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Mary W., daughter of Albon Bancroft and Sarah (White) Gardner, 
was born Oct. 12, 1858; living at Chagrin Falls, Ohio. She married Sher- 
idan P. Harris, of Chagrin Falls, Oct. 8, 1889. 

Children are: 

Madeline Gardner, born Aug. 2, 1890. 

Carlyle Sheridan, born July 6, 1895. 

Mrs. Harris was educated at Oberlin and Vassar. She was a teach- 
er in the publics chools for ten years. Mr. Harris is Chagrin Falls' most 


prominent business man. He is occupying the offices of trust as the 
choice of the people of his town. Mr. Harris is one of the most active 
fraternal men, having reached the highest degree in Masonry. 


Jeptha M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Ben- 
jamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John D. Gardner, son of Jeptha Monroe and Marguierite (Dalton) 
Gardner, was born September 4, 1843. Married Sarah M. Grimes Janu- 
ary I, 1868. 

To them was born one child which died before reaching her estate : 

The mother also died and he married Bettie Willet, April 19, 1877, 
who died about 1889. He married Nannie Willet, sister of second wife. 

The following children were born by second wife: 

Belle W., born May 14, 1878. 

Charles W. M., born February 7, 1880. 

Elmer C, born September 2, 1882. 

Lulu M., born February 13, 1884. 

Nannie L., born September 4, 1886. 

M. Florence, born September 13, li 


Jeptha M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Ben- 
jamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

George F. Gardner, son of Jeptha Monroe and Marguerite (Dalton) 
Gardner, was born September 22, 1846. He married Caroline Water- 
field, April 20, 1871. There were no children 


Jeptha M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Ben- 
jamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah M. Gardner, daughter of Jeptha Monroe and Marguerite (Dal- 
ton) Gardner, was born April 30, 1848. Married William Grimes, Oc- 
tober, 1872. 

Two children were born to them: 

Simeon Grimes, who lives at Feesburg, Brown County, Ohio. 

Carrie, who married Mr. Stall and lives at Middle Branch, Ohio. 


Jeptha M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Ben- 
jamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Elnathan Matthew Gardner, son of Jeptha Monroe and Marguerite 
(Dahon) Gardner, was born April 2, 1850. Married Mollie Griffith about 
December, 1870. 

There was born to them one son: 

Lowell F., who lives at Felicity, Clermont County, Ohio. 



Jeptha M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Ben- 
jamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary C. Gardner, daughter of Jeptha Monroe and Marguerite 
(Dalton) Gardner, was born September 13, 1851-2. Married Charles 
Wood, July, 1883. 

One child was born to them : 

Marguerite Woods, born April 20, 1887. They live on a farm about 
one-half mile west of the old homestead. H^er father's homestead wa? 
recently sold by the administrator. Mrs. Woods had always been de- 
sirous of owning the farm and purchased it at this sale. 


Jeptha M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Ben- 
jamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Thomas H. Gardner, son of Jeptha Monroe and Marguerite (Dal- 
ton) Gardner, was born July 7, 1853, and we have no further record of 


George W. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Ben- 
jamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William Matthew Gardner, son of George Washington Gardner; 
married Sarah Belle 'Bartlow. 
The following children: 
Jesse J., born February 19, 1873. 
Graze Ann, born October 17, 1874. 

Osa Lee, born October 8, 1876. Married George Jennings. 
Louis Carl, born February 4, 1883. 
Nina Bell, born September 7, 1887. 


Lucinda E. Gardner (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Mary Maria Lindsey, daughter of William J. and Lucinda (Gard- 
ner) Lindsey, was born February 28, 1850. Married to Nathan M. Fos- 
ter, October 5. 

Their children were born as follows : 

William Jesse, born Wednesday, August 12, 1874. Married Mary 
Boyer, of Ohio, and have two children. Tliey live at Cameron, Mo. 

Charles Alexander, born Thursday, "December 14, 1875. Marriei 
Edith Adell Hanks, February 22, 1904. One child, Bernice Maud, born 
July 16, 1905. Live at Tilden, Nebraska. 

John Edward, born Thursday, February 21, 1878. Married Julia 
Jurden and have one child. Live at Clarence, 111. 


Bertha Belle, born Friday, July 30, 1880. Married Henderson 
Flannery and has one child. Live at Paxton, 111. 

Flora E., born Tuesday, July 31, 1883. Died 1889. 

Dexter Marshall, born Tuesday, August 31, 1886. Lives at Clar- 
ence, 111. 

Albert Franklin, born Sunday, September i, 1889. Lives at Tilden, 

Cary Alford, born Sunday, September i, 1889. Lives at Clarence, 

Ida Myrtle, born Friday, January 20, 1893. Died 1893. 

Clarence Marion, born Thursday, July 12, 1894. Lives at Clarence, 


Lucinda K Gardner (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah B., daughter of William Johnson and Lucinda Eliza (Gard- 
ner) Lindsey, was born Aug. 7, 1847, ^^ Maysville, Kentucky. Married 
Amos W. Hamer and lives at Manchester, Adams County, Olhio. 

Children : 

Nancy Eliza, 

William S., 

Thomas B., 

Matthew G., 

Lorenzo D., 

James C, 

Besse M., 

Susan Elmira. 


Sally (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3)» Benony (2), George (i). 

Oldest child of Michael J. and Sally (Gardner) Shinkle, married 
November 30, 1858, Miss Nancy E. Nowlin. To them were born five 
children. She was a resident of Dearborn County, Indiana. Mr, Shin- 
kle lives near '*Union Church," in Brown County, Ohio. He has been 
a deacon in the church where his father served and which his grand- 
father organized, for many years. 

He is a very devout man well respected by his neighbors. 

He rendered very valuable assistance to the writer in compiling the 
records in that port of the state. 


Sally (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John G. Shinkle was the second son of Michael J. and Sally (Gard- 
ner) Shinkle, died March 17th, 1884. Was married to Mary E. Nowlin, 
September 6th, 1864. Mrs Shinkle was a sister of the wife of Walter L. 




Sally (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Barton B., third child of Michael J. and Sally (Gardner) Shinkle. 
Married Eliza Mefford, January, 1868. The daughter of Elder G. M. 
Mefford, who was the assistant pastor of "Union Church" in the year 
1861, during the last pastorate of Elder Matthew Gardner. 


Sally (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Thomas C, son of Michael J. and Sally (Gardner) Shinkle. Mar- 
ried Jane Grimes, October, 1869. Mr. Shinkle owns a very beautiful 
farm about midway between Georgetown and Higginsport, on the west 
pike. He is one of the very prosperous farmers, a large land owner and 
dealer in tobacco. 


Sally (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Matthew H., son of Michael J. and Sally (Gardner) Shinkle, mar 
ried Josephine Park, December 6th, 1876. Mr. Shinkle owns a fine farm 
on what is known as Shinkle Ridge, near where he was born. He is en- 
gaged in banking, as cashier of the bank in Higginsport, Ohio. 


Sally (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Michael E., youngest son of Michael J. and Sally (Gardner) Shinkle. 
married Sally B. Marsh, October 25, 1876. Mr. Shinkle owns the home 
farm and is proprietor of the **Dennison House,*' of Cincinnati, Ohio. 


Julia Elmira (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah Ruth Hopkins, daughter of Samuel H. and Julia Elmira 
(Gardner) Hopkins, was born April 17, 1851. Married John P. Leedom. 
November 2t;, 1869. He was born December 20, 1847. 

Their children were: 

Eva L., born June 24, 1871. ]\rarried W. E. Bundy, May 8, 189CV 
One son : William Sanford. 


Effie B., born August 27,1872. Died November 5, 1891. Married to 
Jesse H. Dugan, October 27, 1890. One son: Paul. 

Wilbur H., born March 8, 1877. Married April 20, 1892. One son ; 
John Oliver Leedom. 


James Alexander (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William A. Gardner, son of James Alexander and Mary (Toner) 
Gardner, was born in Brown County, Ohio, November, 1850. Married 
September, 1871, to Isabella McGofney, who was born December, 1849. 

Three children have been born to them as follows: 

Wesley E., born June, 1872. Died September, 1898. 

Carry C, born September, 1874. 

Wilbur R., born December, 1876. 

Mr. Gardner resides at Cherry Fork, Adams County, Ohio. 


Louisa M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Banjamin F. De Yore, son of Abner and Louisa M. (Gardner) Dc 
Vore, married Sarah L. Richards, November 27, 1867. 

To them was born the following children : 

Louisa M., who married F. W. Wall and lives near Georgetown, 

Henry A., who married Gertrude Elmer and resides at Fostoria, 

Joseph L., died November, 1875. 

Lillie F., whose address is Georgetown, Ohio. 

Bertha, who married C. C. Meranda and resides at Georgetown, 

Edward C, who married Lillie Kinkade and resides at Georgetown, 

Charles R., married Daisy McDonald and resides at Columbus, 

Nellie, Catherine, and Crawford, each of whom together with Lillie, 
reside with their parents near Georgetown, Ohio. 


Louisa M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Julia B. De Vore, daughter of Abner and Louisa M. (Gardner) Dc 
Vore, married Rev. Samuel Godfrey about 1870, and resides at Chicago, 

To them were born two children, Marie and Jessie, each of whom 
married, but we have not secured their names or addresses. 



Louisa M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John W. De Vore, son of Abner and Louisa M. (Gardner) De Vore, 
married Samantha Dean, March 3, 1872, and resides at Chilo, Clermont 
County, Ohio. 

To them were born the following children : 

Eva, who married James Neal, whose address is Sardinia, Ohio. 

William, who married Mattie Cahill, their address is Higginsport, 

Cora, who married Harry Hatfield, whose address is Higginsport, 

Samuel, who married Anna Smith, whose address is Chilo, Ohio. 

Addie, who married Jessie Utter, whose address is Georgetown, 

Lewis, who married Stella Shaw and resides at Chilo, Ohio. 


Louisa M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Louis G. De Vore, son of Abner and Louisa M. (Gardner) De Vore. 
married Lucy A. Richards, February 18, 1875. 

To them were born the following children : 

William C, who died October i, 1878. 

Steven M., who died August 3, 1880. 

Ada B., born December 29, 1881. 

M. Ethel, January 5, 1883, who married C. A. Lieberman, Novem- 
ber, 1904, and resides in Georgetown, Ohio. 

George R., October 8, 1886. 

Lucy A. De Vore, died June 23, 1889, and Mr. De Vore married 
Tina Lawwill, October 14, 1891, and to them was born one child: Stan- 
ley Ray, born May i, 1895. 


Louisa M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Carey M. De Vore, son of Abner and Louisa M. (Gardner) De 
Vore, married India A. Smith, February 6, 1879, and resides at Howard, 
Mason County, Kentucky. 

To them were born two daughters as follows: 

Ora S., born February 6, 1881, married Clarence Nowers and re- 
sides at Dover, Kentucky. 

Mary Oma, born June 8, 1889. 



Louisa M. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles P. De Vore, son of Abner and Louisa M. (Gardner) De 
Vore, married Emma B. Bowers, February 6, 1877. TTheir address is 
Winchester, Ohio. 

To them were born the following children: 

Joe W., born November 27, 1877; married Dora Kendall, November 
18, 1903, and live at Winchester, Ohio. 

Laura E., born June 12, 1879; died November 9, 1900. 

Alice N., born July 27, 1881 ; married Jesse A. West, Nov. 19, 1903. 

MoUie D., born July 12, 1883; married Earl A. Wilson, October 4, 
1905. Resides at Winchester, Ohio. 

Lela E., born January 24, 1886. 

Wilbur C, born May 25, 1887. 

Harry E., October 9, 1891. 

Minnie L., born August 18, 1893. 

John E., born October 5, 1896. 

Maymie M., born March 10, 1900. 


George Washington (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

James D., son of George Washington Gardner, married and lived 
at Ripley, Ohio, until his death, which occurred about 1900. He was 
postmaster at Ripley and was held in high esteem by his fellow-citizens. 

He had one child, Lela, who married Mr. James Blair and resides 
at Cincinnati, Ohio. 


John W. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Walter Gardner, eldest son of John W. and Nancy (Boggs) 
Gardner, was born August 7, 1859. Married Alice Gray, December 27, 
1883. She was born December 3, 1861. 

To them have been born children as follows: 

Walter Gray, born June 29, 1885. 

Eugene Myron, born September 9, 1894. 

Mr. Gardner lives in the historic town of Aberdeen, Ohio. He has 
enjoyed the advantages of a careful farmer and the result is an accu- 
mulation and a prosperous life. Mrs. Gardner comes from one of the 
leading families and possesses an estate in her own right. We men- 
tion a part of this historic property. 


Prior to 1870 there was built a very substantial house on the north 
bank of the Ohio River by one of the sturdy stock and eccentric char- 
acters, *'Massa Beasley," who was elected a Justice of the Peace, who 
served between the years of 1870 and 1892, the time of his death. This 
house and man have made Aberdeen famous the world over, and it has 
earned the title, '^Gretna Green of America," and has been frequently 
the basis of magazine and newspaper articles. 

The *'Squire'' and house are described in James Lane Allen's novel, 
"Summer in Arcady." The property came into possession of Mrs. Gard- 
ner's mother, February, 1900, by purchase, and later to Mrs. Gardner, 
by inheritance. 

In this house from 1870 to 1892 were celebrated, according to the 
records, no less than four thousand four hundred and twenty-seven mar- 
riages, records of which are on file in this house and were made by Mr. 


John W. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin {q), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Louis O. Gardner, son of John W. and Nancy (Boggs) Gardner, 
was born October 18, i860. Was married to Jeannette M. Buchanan, 
October 21, 1884, by the Rev. H. D. Rice, Georgetown, Ohio. She was 
born September 13, i860. 

To them were born the following children : 

Stacy Earl, born October 23, 1885. 

Thomas B., born August 12, 1887. 

Frank S., born July 10, 1889. Died August 27, 1892. 

Charles H., born April 29, 1892. 

Mr. Gardner owns and lives on a farm about two miles south of 
where he was reared. He is a prosperous farmer and has taken great 
interest in the education of his boys. The two oldest have graduated 
from the Ripley schools. 


John W. (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

George W. Gardner, son of John W. and Nancy (Boggs) Gardner, 
was born September 2, 1866. Married Elizabeth Smith, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary Smith, February 17, 1892. She died a few years later. 
Elizabeth (Smith) Gardner was born in England in 1863. 

To them were born the following children: 

Wilbert Samuel, born May 20, 1893. 

Viola Florence born June 16, 1895. 

Mr. Gardner married, second, Emma Jane Eyler, daughter of John 
W. and Nancy Eyler, February 17, 1906. 




John W. (8), Matthew (7), Benjainin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William Matthew Gardner, son of John W. and Nancy (Boggs) 
Gardner, was born September 18, 1868. Married Agnes Stevenson, De- 
cember 7, 1904. No children have been born to them. 

In the study of the character of the Gardners we have found none 
that came more nearly filling our ideal of a young man than did Wil- 
liam Matthew Gardner. H'e and his brother Stacy Emerson Gardner, 
who is no less a model man, own and farm the greater portion of the 
old homestead. By industry and frugality they have acquired this 


George B. (8), Seth (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Grace G. Gardner, daughter of George B. and Amanda (Robinson) 
Gardner, of Hillsboro, Ohio, was born March 3, 1854, in Washington 
C. H., Ohio. In her early childhood her parents removed to Hillsboro, 
Ohio, where she was educated in the Hillsboro Female College, and the 
Highland Institute, graduating from the Highland Institute while the 
renowned Miss Emily Grand Girard was principal. Her social career 
was a brilliant one. Her father, a successful lawyer, her mother a charm- 
ing hostess, gave this only child every advantage, but her church, the 
Methodist Episcopal, and her studies, music, French, German, and her 
interest in literary clubs, all have their place in her life. She was Presi- 
dent for several years of the many Alumnae of the Highland Institute, 
honorary member of the Hillsboro Female College Alumnae, held 
prominent offices in her church organizations, was secretary of the first 
society of Hillsboro, Ohio, for "prevention of cruelty to animals," estab- 
lished the first Flower Mission, and was President of the first Home 
Missionary Society in her town. 

She showed a talent for music at a remarkably early age. The col- 
lege town in which she lived afforded fine advantages along these lines. 
Later she studied at the Cincinnati College of Music, winning a diploma 
in vocal art and musical education. She also lived two years in Europe, 
studying with some of the .finest masters in Italy, Germany and England. 

In concert, oratorio, and church singing she has won fame in both 
Europe and America. She was a great favorite in her tours through 
England and Ireland. 

After returning to America she established her studio in New York, 
where she is now singing and teaching. 

In the music world she is a recognized authority of the highest 
standing in her branch of the profession. 

Her studio at 36 West 25th street is an interesting^ center. From it 
she has sent and is sending artists into grand opera, light opera, concert 
and finest church choir positions. 

348 GAUDNfiR 

She has attracted to her a large circle of friends from the musical, 
literary, art and social world. She is now prominent in ^'Daughters of 
Ohio in New York," being chairman of the music and entertainment 
committee, the presidency of this society having also been urged upon 
her, but because of her busy life in the music world it was necessary 
to decline the honor. 

Lately she is becoming known as a composer, writing the music for 
her songs. 


Lucinda (8), Lucy (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Bcnony (2), George (i). 

Sarah A. Charles is granddaughter of Lucy (Gardner) Jolly. We 
have not the family record of same. The line of descent is established 
and record may be made. 


Thomas (8), Seth (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles F. Gardner, son of Thomas F., was born April 25, 1855. 
Married Jane A. Hathaway, Feb. 21, 1882. She was born Jan. 28, 1854. 
No children. 


Benjamin (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Susan Gardner, daughter of Benjamin and Susan (Vaughn) Gard- 
ner, was born on the Gardner homestead, Auglaize County, Ohio. She 
married Leslie Stoddard. There were born to them the following chil- 







A boy, name not known. 


Benjamin (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

f • ■ 

Katherine Gardner, daughter of Benjamin and Catherine (Orr) 
Gardner, was born Oct. 5, i860, at the old homestead of her grandfather. 
She married Daniel Gross, of Bunker Hill, Kansas, Aug. 29, 1879. Mr. 


Gross was born April 30, 1858. The following children were born to 

Walter Augustus, born March 25, 1884. 

Helen May, born November 11, 1887. 

Ethel Estell, born March 8, 1895. 

When Mrs. Gross was a very small child she was taken by her 
father to the western home, as described in the life of Benjamin Gardner, 
son of Abraham, Sr. Only those who have experienced an early child- 
hood in the sparsely settled prairie country can appreciate the early life 
of this daughter. At Bunker Hill, Kansas, she married Mr. Gross, after 
which her home was in Bunker Hill. 

Mr. Gross has a general merchandise store which he has conducted 
successfully for more than 25 years. 


Benjamin (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Nellie C. Gardner, daughter of Benjamin and Rachel (Groff) Gard- 
ner, was born ; died June 23, 1903. Married Rufus L. Davis in the 

spring of 1890. Five children were born to them as follows: 

Carlton Gardner, born October 12, 1891. 

Howard Irvil, born October 17, 1893. 

Rufus Percival, born August 19, 1895. 

Edith Irene, born January 7, 1897. 

Leslie Manard, born July 21, 1899. 


Benjamin (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Ella J. Gardner, daughter of Benjamin and Rachel (Groff) Gard 
ner, was born in the state of Kansas, May 22, 1863. Married Frank H. 
McClellan, October 16, 1882. 

The following children were born to them : 

George Baynard, born November 19, 1885. 

Daphne Vivian, born October 30, 1887; died April 23, 1900. 

Herbert Norman, born October 10, 1890. 

Benjamin, born October 15, 1895; died February 22, 1896. 

Ruth Louise, born December 28, 1896. 


Benjamin (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Milo Gardner, son of Benjamin and Rachel (Groff) Gardner, was 
born 1867. Living at Holton, Kansas. Married Eva McClarren,'i8QQ 
She was born 1875. ' * 

To them has been born one child : 

Jeannette G., born 1901. 



Marinda (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Abram E. Brentlinger, son of William and Marinda (Gardner) 
Brentlinger, was born December 15, 1849; married Lucy Ann Shaw, 
March 23, 1873. She was born October 13, 1850. 

To them were born the following children : 

Alvin Amoor, born June 2, 1874. 

Herman Andrew, born May 4, 1877. Died August 22, 1879. 

Clarence William, born September 12, 1879. 

Ada Gustava, born November 2, 1882. Married to William Carter, 
September, 1906. 

Waldo D., born February 16, 1886. 


Marinda (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Brentlinger, son of William, Jr., and Marinda (Gardner) 
Brentlinger, was born March 9, 1851. Married Louisa Lovina Holtzap- 
ple. February 19, 1879. No children. 


Marinda (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah Elizabeth Brentlinger, daughter of William, Jr., and Marinda 
(Gardner) Brentlinger, was born June 16, 1856. She married John M. 
Shaw, February 4, 1877. He was born June 16, 1856. 

To them were born the following children: 

Lawrence E., born August 6, 1878. 

Harvey M., born February 5, 1884. 

Homer M., born July 19, 1^6. 

Charles M., born October 11, 1887. 


Marinda (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Levi James Brentlinger, son of William, Jr., and Marinda (Gard- 
ner) Brentlinger, was born November 23, 1854. Married Sarah Eliza- 
beth Golden, January 28, 1878. She was born August 6, 1858. 

To them were born the following children: 

Thomas Elbert, March 31, 1879; died March 14, 1882. 

Charles Elmer, October 5, 1882. 

Harley Ellsworth, August 30, 1885 ; died January 8, 1887. 

Clarence Edward, October lo; 1889; died October 2, 1890. 

Virgil Ray, September 20, 1891. 



Marinda (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Andrew T. Brentlinger, son of William, Jr., and Marinda (Gard- 
ner) Brentlinger, was born November 24, 1858. Married Oral E. Gier- 
hart on July 24, 1881. She was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, on Sep- 
tember 3, 1863. 

To them was born one child : 

Irvil C, December 29, 1884. 


Lrucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah Elizabeth Carter, daughter of Samuel and Lucy (Gardner) 
Carter, was born February 19, 1850. Married Jacob W. Logan, March 
I, 1868. 

To them were born the following children : 

Melville, born May 7, 1869; died May 26, 1904. 

Blanche, born January i, 1871 ; died December 11, 1890. 

Flora, born January 23, 1874. 

Emma, born January 3, 1876; died March 18, 1892. 

Cathryn, born August 9, 1877. 

Charles E., born July 14, 1879. 

Sylvia, born September 25, 1881, 

Jacob, Jr., born November 11, 1884. 

Grover C, born November 28, i88i5; died Sept. 14, 1887. 

Callie, born November 28, 1886. Died April 21, 1887. 

Bond W., born February 22, 1888. 

Velma, born July 19, 1891 ; died May 3, 1892. 

Vint H., born January 10, 1894. 


Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

John Carter, son of Samuel and Lucy (Gardner) Carter, was born 
November 16, 1852. Was married to Mary Cummins, January 9, 1872. 

Their children were : 

Floyd, born November 3, 1872. 

Florence I., born August 8, 1874; died Nov. 2*], 1881. 

William A., born July 9, 1876. 

Pearl M., born Nov. 2, 1883. 

Mary (Cummins) Carter died Nbvember 21. 1883. John Carter 
was married to Louisa Myers, October i, 1885. No children born to 



Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William S. Carter, son of Samuel and Lucy (Gardner) Carter, was 
born April 25, 1855. He married Orlinda Harshbarger, July 6, 1879. 
To them were born the following children : 
Jennie. M., born May 20, 1880; died January 5, 1884. 
Eliza, born May 7, 1882; died Oct. 2, 1903. 
Bernard, born May 8, 1884. 
Charles H., born November 19, 1885. 
Joseph H., born Aug. 25, 1887. 
Roy, born March 23, 1891 ; died Nbv. 16, 1905. 
Florence, born Sept. 30, 1893. 
Cora, born May 14, 1897; died Sept. 28, 1899. 
Iva, born March i, 1900. 
Infant, died Aug. 25, 1901. 


Sarah (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Albert Butler, son of David and Sarah (Gardner) Butler, was born 
May 12, 1857. Married Jane Heston about 1876. 
To them were born two sons: 
John, born December ist, 1877. 
Oliver, have no date of birth furnished. 
Mr. Butler died October ist, 1887. 


Sarah (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lewis Butler, son of David and Sarah (Gardner) Butler, was born 
July 9, 1863. Married Sarah I. H'arruff, May 7, 1887. She was born 
June 6, 1869. 

To them were born the following children, who are at present liv- 
ing, others having died in infancy : 

Ester D., born March 15, 1890. 

Gracie E., born June 17, 1892. 

Raleigh P., born Jan. 24, 1894. 

Gladys I., born Oct. 26, 1897. 

Frederick O., born Oct. i, 1899. 

Mrs. Butler died August 21, 1905. 



Sarah (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Robert Butler, son of David and Sarah (Gardner) Butler, was born 
February 20, 1868. Married Minnie Lowry, September 12, 1895. 

To them have been born five children, three of whom are living as 
follows : 

Nellie Marie, born July 9, 1897. 

Mabel Irene, born Oct, 2, 1903. 

Howard Lee, born March 12, 1905. 

This young man owns and lives on the homestead of his parents. 
He is one of the exemplary young men, industrious and frugal. His 
personal attention is given to the care of his mother, which commands 
the respect of all who know him. 


Abraham, Jr. (8), Abraham, Sr. (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Horace Wells Gardner, son of Abraham, Jr., and Mary Jane (North- 
op) Gardner, was born March 15, 1858. Married 1884. 

Children were: 

Audrey, born about 1885. 

Maida, born 1892. 

Roger, born 1894. 

Horace, born 1897. 

Horace W. Gardner was born on the old homestead near Wapak- 
oneta, Auglaize County, Ohio. He was educated in the public schools, 
such as the rural districts then afforded. Completing the course here 
he attended the high school at Wapakoneta. 

In 1876 he went to the State of Kansas, where he remained for a 
short time, where he became engaged as a lineman for the Western 
Tnion Telegraph Company. He continued in this relation and was 
changed from place to place, State to State, until he was finally located 
m charge of the lines of a small road from St. Paul to Duluth, Minn. It 
was not long until he was appointed Superintendent of construction of 
a portion of the Northern Pacific Railroad. 

In October, 1903, he removed to Topeka, Kansas, and assumed 
rbarge as superintendent of the electrical department of the Santa Fe 
Railway system. 

We have been unable to get any reply to our request for his family 
record and th§ above is given from our knowledge of the family. 



Abraham, Jr. (8), Abraham, Sr. (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Walter Scott Gardner, son of Abraham, Jr., and Harriet (Brent- 
linger) Gardner, was born February 3, 1862. Married Alice Cowan of 
Anna, Shelby County, Ohio, November, 1882. 

To them was born one child : 

Harry Willis. 

Walter Scott Gardner was educated in the rural district schools of 
Auglaize County, Ohio. After completing the district schools attended 
the high school at Wapakoneta, Ohio. 

After his marriage he went to St. Paul, Minn., where he engaged 
with his brother, Horace W. Gardner, in the electrical department of 
the railroads with which he was connected. It was not long before he 
was assigned a division of the Northern Pacific Railroad in charge of the 
electrical department. 


Abraham, Jr. (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Morris Gardner, son of Abraham, Jr., and Harriet (Brent- 
linger) Gardner, was born July 25, 1863, near Wapakoneta, Ohio. 

He married, first, Clara Lambert of Anna, Shelby County, Ohio, on 
January 13, 1883. 

To them were born the following children: 

Bonnie Loretta, born December 16, 1883. 

Amy Marguerite, born March 13, 1891 ; died May 16, 1892. She is 
buried in the family lot in Woodlawn Cemetery, at Toledo, Ohio. 

Charles Abram, born April 13, 1893. 

His second wife was Lillian May Stickney. Married March 31, 

Charles Morris Gardner remained with his parents on the farm till 
1879, when they went west. He continued on the farm in Ohio, not de- 
siring to go west. He obtained employment in this manner until he 
had sufficient funds to pay his expenses in college. After preparing 
himself, he devoted several years to school* work, after which he returned 
to college, spending some four years more at the Ohio Northern and 
Ohio Wesleyan Universities. 

Later he entered the field work of life insurance. He has spent 
some eighteen years traveling in this capacity, which has called him to 
many of the important places of the United States. Mr. Gardner ha> 
never used tobacco in any form or liquors, being a total abstainer in 
every respect. He is a member of Lake Shore Lodge. No. 718, Heneosis 
Adelphon Encampment. No. 42, and Canton Erie, No. 12, of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows of Pennsylvania. He is also a member 
of Erie Lodge, No. 327, the Knight of Pythias. 



Clara (Lambert) Gardner, the first wife of Charles Morris Gardner, 
was the youngest daughter of Gabriel and Nancy (Imes) Lambert. Mr. 
Lambert was born March 20, 1825. Mrs. Lambert was born November 
13, 1826. 

Mr. Lambert is buried in the cemetery one mile north and one mile 
west of Anna, Shelby County, Ohio. Mrs. Lambert is buried in the 
cemetery two miles south of Anna. The home farm of the Lamberts' 
is two miles north and one mile west of Anna, Shelby County, Ohio. 

The father and grandfather of Mr. Lambert were early pioneer 
Methodist Episcopal preachers, in the days when horse-back riding was 
the custom, and it required several weeks to itinerate on those large 
circuits. Both of the grandparents lived to be very aged men, having 
devoted their lives to the Christian ministry. The writer never met Mr. 
Lambert, as he died before he became acquainted with the family. 

The writer desires to say that of all elderly people with whom he 
has become acquainted, he has not met one of more kindly disposition or 
even temper than Mrs. Lambert. Having reared a large family and ex- 
perienced the trials and usual hardships, and having been left a widow 
before the family had reached their estate, she constantly grew into a 
lovely disposition and character. The entire family were members of 
and close adherents of the doctrine of the Methodist Episcopal church. 


Lillian May (Stickney) Gardner, daughter of A. McCall and Caro- 
line C. (Lathrop) Stickney, was born at Fargo, Genesee County, New 
York, January 6, 1878. She was educated in the schools of her county, 
after which she went to Buffalo, N. Y. She remained in Buffalo for 
some five years, when she went to Ohio, where she met Charles Morris 
Gardner, to whom she was married March 31, 1904. No children have 
been born to them. Mrs. Gardner comes of the family of Lathrop, 
whose line of descent will follow this article, which we record for the 
following reasons : 

In tracing the Gardner and Lathrop genealogy we found in several 
instances where the families had intermarried in early colonial times. 
The Rhode Island and Connecticut branches of these two families were 
closely connected and lived in the same town some two hundred years 
before the subject of this article was born. 

It is indeed strange how families will diverge for centuries and 
then return and again intermarry as has been the case in this particular 
instance, following a lapse of some two hundred years. We frequently 
say: "We are not related in any manner," but without th^ knowledge 
have a much closer relation than it is possible to suspect. The earlier 
settlers of these States were all intermarried and from them have come 
the families that become the study of this work. 


The Lowthorpe^— Lothropp— Lathrop Family of England. 

Lowthorpe is a small parish in the wapentake of Dickering, in the 
East Riding of York, four and one-half miles northeast from Great Drif- 
field, having about one hundred and fifty inhabitants. It is a perpetual 
curacy in the archdeaconry of York. The church, which was dedicated 
to St. Martin, and had for one of its chaplains, in the reign of Richard 
the Second, Robert de Louthorp, is now partly ruinated, the tower and 
chancel being almost entirely overgrown with ivy. It was a collegiate 
church from 1333, and from the style of its architecture, must have 
been built about the time of Edward III. 

There has been no institution to it since 1579. The church consists 
of a nave, chancel, and tower at the west end; the latter finished with 
brick and clumsy pinnacles. It was formerly a very handsome struc- 
ture, the windows being lofty, of three lights with trefoil heads, and 
three quarterfoils in the sweep of the arch. The portion of the church 
now used for divine service is the nave, the chancel having been dese- 
crated for a considerable period. In this part of the church are two 
large ash trees and some curious monuments, one of which is a brass 
tablet rendered illegible through the weather. Affixed to the north side 
of the nave is the following historical tablet in bad repair : 

"The collegiate church of Lowthorpe was an ancient rectory, dedi- 
cated to St. Martin. 

"A. D. 1333, it was endowed by Sir John de Haslerton, who found- 
ed in it si^ perpetual chantries. 

"A. D. 1364, Sir Thomas de Haslerton added another chantry for 
the souls of himself and Alice his wife. He endowed the church with 
the manor Lowthorpe and the mansion house. 

"A. D. 1776, the inhabitants of the township of Lowthorpe repaired 
the roof of the church." 

"A. D. 1777, the church was paved, and the chancel contracted and 
painted by Sir William St. Quintin, Bart., lord of the manor and patron 
of the living, descended from the family of Haslertons." 

In 1789 the south side of the chancel was entirely rebuilt, leaving, 
however, the tower and chancel as they have stood for many genera- 
tions. The church is a perpetual curacy. 

Our pedigree of that branch of the old Lowthorpe family which 
had its earliest known English seat in Lowthorpe, wapentake of Dick- 
reing. East Riding of York, begins in John Lowthorpe, gr.-grandfather, 
to Rev. John Lothropp, the American pioneer. Early in the sixteenth 
century he was living in Cherry Burton, a parish about four miles from 
Lowthorpe. He was, though belonging to a junior branch of the fam- 
ily> a gentleman of quite extensive landed estates both in Cherry Bur- 
ton and in various parts of the county. In the 37th year of Henry VIII 
(1545), he appears on a Yorkshire subsidy roll, assessed twice as much 
as any other inhabitant of the parish. His feon Robert succeeded to the 
estates of his father in Cherry Burton, and during his lifetime made con- 
siderable additions to them. 



Thomas, son of the above mentioned Robert, was born in Cherry 
Burton, England, and was the father of John, baptized in Eton, Dec. 
20, 1584, and who became the pioneer and founder of the Lothrop — 
Lathrop family in America. 

John Lothropp, for this is the form in which he wrote his name, 
was baptized as English records show, in Etton, Yorkshire, Dec. 20, 
1584. He was educated in Queens College, Cambridge, where he was 
matriculated in 1601, graduated B. A. in 1605, and M. A. in 1609. 

He labored as a minister of the Efnglish church as long as his judg- 
ment could approve the ritual and government of the church. But 
when he could no longer do this, we find him conscientiously renouncing 
his orders and asserting the right of still fulfilling a ministry to which 
his heart and his conscience had called him. Accordingly, 1623, his de- 
cision is made. He bids adieu to the church of his youth, and with no 
misgivings, subscribes with a firm hand to the doctrines, and espouses 
with a courageous heart the cause of the independents. Henceforth his 
lot is with conventicle men in his mother land, and with the exiled 
founders of a great nation in a new world. 

The congregation of dissenters to which he ministered had no place 
of public worship, their worship itself being illegal. Only such as could 
meet the obliquy and risk of danger of worshiping God in violation of 
human statute, were likely to be found in that secret gathering. Yet 
in goodly numbers, in such places in South Wark as they could stealth- 
ily occupy, they held together and were exhorted and instructed by the 
minister of their choice. For not less than eight years they so wor- 
shiped. No threats of vengeance deterred, and no vigilance of officious 
ministers of the violated law detected them. More watchful grew the 
minions of the law. Keen-scented church hounds traversed all the narr 
row ways of the city whose most secret nooks .could by any possibility 
admit even a small company of the outlaws. One of the wiliest of 
these pursuivants of the Bishop tracked Mr. Lothropp and his followers 
to their retreat. They had met for worship as had been their wont, lit- 
tle thinking that it would be their last gathering with their beloved min- 
ister. Their private sanctuary, a room in the house of Mr. Humphrey 
Barnett, a Brewer's clerk in Black Friars, is suddenly invaded. Tom- 
linson and his ruffian band, with a show of power above their resis- 
tance, seize forty-two of their number, allowing only eighteen of them 
to escape, make that 22d day of April, 1632, forever memorable to those 
suffering Christians by handing them over in fetters to the executioners 
of the law which was made for godly men to break. In the old Clink 
prison in Newgate, and in the Gatehouse, all made for felons, these 
men, "of whom the world was not worthy," lingered for months. Dur- 
ing these months a fatal sickness was preying upon his wife, and bring- 
ing her fast toward the end of which illness she died ; he procured lib- 
erty of the Bishop to visit his wife before her death, and commended 
her to God by prayer. On his return to prison, his poor children, being 
many, repaired to the Bishop of Lambeth, and made known to him their 
miserable condition, by reason of their good father's being continued in 
close durance, who commisserated their condition so far as to grant him 
liberty, he soon after coming over into New England, 


On reaching Boston with that portion of his London flock who had 
accompanied him, he found already the preparations begun to welcome 
him to a new home in Scituate. The last nine pioneers had built their 
houses in that new settlement and to it, with such of his people as were 
ready to accompany him, he repaired September 27, 1634. Something 
near the end of September he makes an entry in the private Journal 
to preserve the names of those pioneers who had so prepared the way 
before him. Their names, Hatherly,, Cudworth, Gilson, Anniball, 
Rowlyes, Turner, Cobbes, Hewes, Foster, show them to have been main- 
ly London and Kent men ; and would suggest that they had known of 
Mr. Lothropp's previous career and had called him to come among 
them as their minister. 

The church, the walls of which were made of poles filled between 
with stones and clay, the roof thatched, the chimney to the mantle of 
rough stone, and above of cobble work, the windows of oiled paper, and 
the .floors of hand sawed planks." 

The following record, preserved in the handwriting of the Scituate 
pioneer, is perhaps the only record extant regarding his call and settle- 
ment in the ministry at Scituate : 

* "j2Lnn: 19, 1634, att my house, uppon wch day I was chosen Pas- 
tour and invested into ofiice." 

Mrs. Gardner's great grandfather was Samuel Lathrop; his wife 
was Lucy Pendleton. They removed from Bozrah, Conn., to New York 
State, settling in Genesee County, where he lived and died on what is 
now known as the "Young'' farm, located on the line between the town- 
ships of Darien and Alexander. Her grandfather was Anson Lathrop, 
a prosperous farmer, who lived near Attica, N. Y., in Wyoming County. 
He was born in Bozrah, Conn., in 1803, and removed with his parents 
to New York State. One of his sons, Samuel, served in a New York 
regiment during the civil war, was taken prisoner and died of starvation 
in Libby prison. Another son, Henry, served in a Pennsylvania regi- 
ment and was killed at the battle of Gettysburg. Burr, another son, 
was also killed in the war. Of her father's family, back of her grand- 
father, Mrs. Gardner knows but little, save that they were among the 
early settlers of New England and that her grandfather, Jonas Stickney, 
was one of the early settlers of Erie County, N. Y., removed to Genesee 
County, where he was a prosperous farmer, owning a large farm in the 
township of Darien. 


Clarissa (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Horace Fairfield, son of George and Clarissa (Gardner) Fairfield, 
was born Aug. i, 1857. Married Mary E. Hamilton, who was born No- 
vember 5, 1858. 

To them were born the following children : 

Richard O., born Feb. 18, 1882. 

Evelyn, born October 2, 1883. 

Minnie D., born Sept. 30, 1886. 


Ruth M., born June 6, 1893. 

Paul C, born April 18, 1896. 

Horace Fairfield has been actively engaged as traveling salesman 
for farming implements for some twenty years. He owns and lives upon 
a very large farm located near Paulding, Paulding County, Ohio. 


Clarissa (8)» Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Lewis W. Fairfield, son of George and Clarissa (Gardner) Fair- 
field, was born October 15, 1858, near Uniopolis, Auglaize County, Ohio. 
Married Ina Maud Howe, of Mt. Victory, Ohio, July 2, 1884. 

To them were born the following children: 

Rachel, born June 19, 1885. 

George Howe, born June 18, 1887. 

Roger, born May 28, 1888. 

Ina Maud (Howe) Fairfield, died July 3, 1888, and Mr. Fairfield 
married, second, Marie L. Almond, June 25, 1891. 

To them four children have been born : 

Almond Crockett, born March i, 1893. 

Thomas Gardner, born May 9, 1895. 

Myra Olivia, born August 31, 1898. 

Frances Helen, born October 31, 1904. 

Lewis W. Fairfield has spent his entire life in school work. Edu- 
cated at the Ohio Northern University he became associated with Prof. 
L. M. Sniff, who was one of the leaders of that institution. When Prof. 
Sniff severed his relation with the O. N. U. it was to establish the Tri- 
State Normal University at Angola, Ind. Prof. Lewis W. Fairfield, who 
had always been one of the advanced students of the O. N. U., was 
selected as his associate in this new enterprise. Mr. Fairfield has been a 
success in all his work. He is a devout Christian gentleman. 


Caroline (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles H^rshbarger, son of George W. and Caroline (Gardner) 
Harshbarger, was born December 12, 1866. Married Wannettie Naum- 
burg, September 14, 1890. 

To them has been born two children: 




Caroline (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), 
Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Ida Harshbarger, daughter of George W. and Caroline (Gardner) 
Harshbarger, was born August 12, 1872. Married Frank M. Baker. 


To them was born one child: 

Ida May. 

The mother died when the babe was about one week old. The 
grandparents, parents of the mother, adopted Ida May as their own 
.child, giving the name of the grandparents. 


Elizabeth (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah Elizabeth Fairfield, daughter of John W. and Elizabeth 
(Gardner) Fairfield, was born December 18, i860. Married James B. 
Naylor, who was born February 14, 1858. 

The following children were born to them: 

Ora Emery, born April 30, 1884. 

lona Ann, born January 19, 1886. 

James Thomas, born March 18, 1892. 

Straut Wade, bom January 11, 1898. 


Elizabeth (8), Abraham- (7)^ Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Thomas Fairfield, son of John W. and Elizabeth (Gardner) Fair- 
field, was born Oct. 7, 1862. He married Leanna Moore, December 8, 
1886. She was born October 15, 1865. 

To them were born two children, the first dying in infancy, the sec- 
ond was: 

Ora Guy, born April, 1889. 

Mr. Fairfield is a very prosperous farmer, owning a large farm in 
the prairie district, near Mahomet, 111. 


Austin H. (8), Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), George (5), Ezekiel (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Charles F. Gardner, son of Austin H. and Nellie (Ford) Gardner, 
was born December 20th, 1875. Married Ollie De Ford of Kansas City, 
Mo., in 1899, and located upon his father's stock farm at Markuette, Kan. 


Roscoe G. (8), Albon B. (7), Albon C. (6), George (5), Ezekiel (4), 
Nicholas (3), Nicholas (2), George (i). 

Cora Lee Gardner, daughter of Roscoe Gaylord and Florence Eve- 
line (Clover) Gardner, was born November 21, 1873. On March 25, 
1899, she married Ira Barton Penniman. Mrs. (Gardner) Penniman 


was educated in the schools of Cleveland, Ohio, and Peoria, Illinoib. 
(graduating from the public schools she attended college for two yearb 
at Oberlin, Ohio, then entered the **Woman's College of Baltimore," 
trom which she graduated in 1897. Mr. Ira B. Penniman is a graduate 
from both college and conservatory at Oberlin. He is a musix:ian ot 
very extraordmary ability, and gives his entire time and attention to 


Lrucinda Jolly (8), Lucy Gardner (7), Benjamin (6)» Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sarah Ann, daughter of Solomon and Lucinda (Jolly) Thompson, 
married Samuel B. Charles. 
Children : 
Bertha Lee, 
Corliss D., 
David M. 


Sarah Ruth (9), Julia Elmira (8), Matthew (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Eva Leedom, daughter of John P. and Sarah Ruth (Hopkins) Lee- 
dom, was born June 24, 1871. Married W. E. Byndy of Cincinnati, O. 

One child : 

William Sanford. 

Mrs. Bundy was educated in the schools at Washington, D. C, anci 
enjoyed a brilliant social career. 


Sarah B. Linsey (9), Lucinda K Gardner (8), Matthew (7), Benja 

min (6), Benjamin (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), 

Benony (2), George (i)^. 

Nancy E,, daughter of Amos W. and Sarah B. (Linsey) Hamer 
/narried James R. Bowman. 
Harry Glenn, 
Walter Myers, 
Elizabeth Belle, 




Sarah Elizabeth (g), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Melville Logan, son of Jacob W. and Sarah Elizabeth (Carter) Lo- 
gan, was born May 7, 1869; died May 26, 1904. 
The following children: 
Mamie G., born January 19, 1892. 
Eva v., born August i, 1896. 

Sarah Elizabeth (9), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Flora Logan, daughter of Jacob W. and Sarah Elizabeth (Carter) 
Logan, was born January 23, 1874. Was married to C. W. Beere, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1893. 

To them were born the following children: 

Ward, born August 29, 1894. 

Don J., born Sept. 29, 1897. 

Marguerite, born Nov. 4, 1899. 

Two girls, unnamed, died infants. 


Sarah Elizabeth (9), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Catherine Logan, daughter of Jacob W. and Sarah Elizabeth (Car- 
ter) Logan, was born August 9, 1877. Married to V. E. Burden, May 
29, 1897. 

To them was born: 

Farrel, born March 24, 1898. 


Sarah Elizabeth (9), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles E. Logan, son of Jacob W. and Sarah Elizabeth (Carter) 
Logan, was born July 14, 1879. Was married to Anna Sneary, August 
II, 1900. , 

Their children are: 

Murlin, born September 12, 1901. 

Reba V., born September 9, 1903. 



Sarah Elizabeth (9), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6)» Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Sylvia Logan, daughter of Jacob W. and Sarah Elizabeth ( Carter) 
Lagon, was born September 25, 1881. Married Otto Burden, December 
12, 1900. 

Their children were: 

Lela, born March 2, 1901. 

Geraldine, born February 24, 1903. 

Ruth, born March 3, 1906. 


John (9), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Floyd Carter, son of John and Mary (Cummins) Carter, was born 
November 3, 1872. Married Louisa B. Burden, April 7, 1895. 
Their children were: 
Orvilla N., born May 31, 1896. 
Rodger L., born Ototber 6, 1897. 
Harold D., born August 15, 1904. 
Daughter, born August, 1907. 


John (9), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), Benja- 
min (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

William Carter, son of John and Mary (Cummins) Carter, was 
born July 9, 1876. Married Almeda Buffenbarger, February i, 1896. 
Their children were: 
Nellie M., born November 24, 1897. 
Richard D., born May 9, 1899. 


John (9), Lucy (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benjamin (5), 
Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Pearl Carter, daughter of John and Mary (Cummins) Carter, was 
born November 2, 1883. Married Charles W. Jenkins, July 3, 1903. 
Children : 

Marguerite M., born May 2, 1904. 
Donald W., born November 3, 1905; died February 9, 1906. 


Sarah Elizabeth (9), Elizabeth (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

lona Ann Naylor, daughter of James B. and Sarah Elizabeth (Fair- 
field) Naylor, was born January ig, 1886. She married Frank Layman, 
of Matthew, Mo., July 12, 1905, 

3e4 oahdnbr 


Charles Morris (9), Abraham (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5), Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Bonnie Loretta Gardner, daughter of Charles Morris and Clara 
(Lambert) Gardner, was born at Sidney, Shelby County, Ohio, Decern- 
ber 16, 1883. 

She married Lawrence Henry Gautz, December 24, 1903. Mr. Gautz 
was born May 25, 1881, in Raisinville township, Monroe Co., Mich. 

To them has been born one son : 

Charles Wilber David, born November 2, 1905. 


Charles Morris (9), Abraham (8), Abraham (7), Benjamin (6), Benja- 
min (5)» Benjamin (4), Nathaniel (3), Benony (2), George (i). 

Charles Abram Gardner, the only son of Charles Morris and Clara 
(Lambert) Gardner, was born at Toledo, Ohio, on the 13th day of April, 


This son has been a great student and has accomplished more in a 
few years than most boys do in their entire school work. Books and 
libraries are his constant companions. 


Chagrin Falls is a little town located about an hour's ride by trolley 
from Cleveland, Ohio. The country surrounding this village is broken 
and affords scenery that would please the most critical eye. 

A small stream of water meanders through the hills and affords the 
watering facilities for the town. As is characteristic of several of the 
streams in northern Ohio, there is a rapids at this place from which the 
town takes its name of Falls. We were not advised how the first part 
of the name became attached as we could hot see any evidence of chag- 
rin while we were there. 

At the northeast of the town the valley is narrow and beyond this 
is a broad valley. Following this narrow valley the stream snakes very 
rapid descent, which affords one of the most advantageous water powers. 

Early in the nineteenth century this water power was appropriated 
by two of Ohio's early pioneers. 

Deacon Hervey White came to this location and threw a dam across 
the narrow place in the stream and created a very large lake on the low 
grounds back of the dam. Only a few feet of race was required till the 
water was upon the wheel of the large manufacturing plant he erected. 
Hervey White was an axe maker. He erected here a mill and pursued 
his occupation and enlarged till he possessed a very large plant. Sur- 
rounding him was a veritable village known as Whitesville. 

The location was nearly a mile from the falls in the stream. At these 
falls there was erected another industry. Another dam was thrown 
across the stream and retained the supply for another of the pioneers, 



Albon Crocker Gardner erected here a flouring, carding and woolen 
mill. Two separate industries by two diflFerent characters and disposi- 
tions in men. Mr. Gardner had come to this place later in life than Mr. 
White, as Mr. Gardner had lived in Parkman prior to this where he had 
conducted a trade similar to that which he opened here. 

From both these mills went the products all over the State of Ohio 
and the town became the central point for trade and sale. 

Thus you see the lives of two men, the leaders of this little place 
who had the employment of all the people of this town and upon whom 
the responsibility of the place depended. 

They were to do more than purchase the raw material and convert it 
into the product of their factories. They were to mould and frame the 
minds and character of the entire town. The children were to be edu- 
.-^ated. churches were to be maintained. Families were to be supported. 
Competencies for the future of the families was of vital importance. 

In the providence of God this town was supplied with the material 
to accomplish this work. 

Back in the mother country were families that believed in the wor- 
ship of God according to the dictates of one*s own conscience. 

The Mayflower brought to this country a family by the name of 
White, and while laying in anchor after landing on the shore of the new 
country, there was born to this family a son who was to be the first 
A^merican born child of this noble family. 

From this has come this family of which Deacon Hervey White 
^vas a descendant. 

About the time of the landing of this family there was another that 
:ame to this new world, not as an infant in his mother's arms, but a 
strong man, ready to battle with the conflicts of life in a wilderness 
iiome. Landing as they did at the same place we follow the two families 
;0 Ohio. George Gardner not remaining in Massachusetts because of 
che religious freedom of Rhode Island, went to the island of Rhode Isl- 
and. Here began the line of descent of Albon Crocker Gardner and the 
lines are to be followed. Trace the descent to 1800 and the reader tinds 
the branch to which Mr. Gardner belongs inherited the early teachmg 
i>f the Quakers, which form of religion it is said Mr. Gardner had em- 
braced and was a member of that denomination when he came to Ohio. 
Quiet, unassuming and honest were the principles of these two men, 
and in those lives we have those traits of character. 

Deacon Hervey White with the strains of Puritan blood from a 
descent of more than a century and a half of the influence of Massachu- 
.setts, and Albon Crocker Gardner were the two men who were to guide 
the future and lay the foundation for the village of Chagrin Fails. 

is it any wonder the place succeeded? We have written a sketch ot 
the life of these two characters under the family title and with the study 
of these lives with the town the reader can readily understand why 
Chagrin Falls has been the peaceful little village it is. 





Albro, John 44, 52, bl 

Albro, Samuel 73. 96 

Allen, Christopher 75 

Allen, Mary 70 

Allen, Penelope 118 

Almy, Job 74 

Alsbery, Sam 68 

Altmore, Mary 114 

Andrews, Annie Holden 140 

Andrews, Clark Wlllett 140 

Andrews, Elizabeth 140 

Andrews, Holden 140 

Andrews, Louisa Bailey 140 

Andrews, Martin 140 

Aplln, William 93 

Arnold, Abigail, (5) H 

Arnold, Abigail 134. 139 

Arnold, Elizabeth, (7) 127 

Arnold, George, (7) 123. 127 

Arnold, Hannah, (6) 98 

Arnold, Jonathan N 97, 98. 127. 128 

Arnold, Joseph, (7) 125 

Arnold, Joslah, (5) 77 

Arnold, Joslah 73. 74, 77 

Arnold, Mary, (7) 127 

Arnold, Richard 41 

Arnold, Stephen .^ 90 

Arnold, Susan, (7) .* 125 

Arnold, Sylvester, (5) 77 

Austin, Amy 87 

Austin, Ann "1 

Avery, Lucia 9. 13. 146 

Avery, Tabltha 70 

Aylsworth, Arthur 68 

Aylsworth, Ruth 76, US 

Ayrault, Plere 43 


Babcock, Dorcas, (4) 52 

Babcock, Elijah 91 

Babcock, Eunice, (4) 52 

Babcock, Hannah, (4) 62 

Babcock, Hezeklah 126 

Babcock, Isabella 119 

Babcock, Jason, (4) 52 

Babcock, Jeremiah, (4) 52 

Babcock, Jonathan, (4) 52 

Babcock, Lucas,* (4) 52 

Babcock, Lucy, (4) 52 

Babcock, Lydia, (4) 62 

Babcock, Marlon 19 

Babcock, Miriam 116 

Babcock, Simeon 44, 51 


Bailey, Caleb 186 

Bailey, Elizabeth 135, 140 

Bailey, Gideon 116. 135 

Bailey, Mary Ellen 135. 146 

Bailey, Wlllett Anthony..^ 135 

Baker, Hannah S 137 

Ballou, LydIa 30, 49 

Ballou, Robert 30 

Ballou, Susannah 30 

Barber, Elizabeth 135 

Harden, Susannah 74 

Bartlett, Ella Jenks 146 

Bartlett, Smith Jenks 146 

Beers, Sarah 74 

Beloen, Eunice 109 

Bemley, William 43 

Benjamin, Betsey 115 

Benson, William 50 

Bentiey, William 68 

Bernon, Gabriel 43 

Bill, Sarah 74. 111. 123. 124 

Bisseil, Aldrldge 126 

Bisseii, Samuel 73 

Bilven, Annie Frances 146 

Bilven, Charles Courtland 147 

Bilven, Edwin 146 

Bilven, Lucetta 147 

Blount, Anthy 43 

Bowen, Amey Ann, (8) 128 

Bowen, Amos M 146 

Bowen, Ann 112 

Bowen, Eliza R 146 

Bowen, Nathan 116 

Bowen, Richard 146 

Bowen, William, Dr 119 

Bowers, John 114 

Borden, Sarah 92, 119 

Boss, Freeiove, (6) 108 

Boss, Peter 108 

Boss, Peter, (6) 108 

Boss, Sarah, (6) 108 

Boss, Tabltha, (6) 108 

Bridge, Christopher Rev 18 

Brett, Mary 50 

Briggs. Ann 35, 49, 87. 89 

Briggs, Lucetta 147 

Briggs, Martha 49 

Briggs, Mary 35 

Briggs, Thomas 35 

Brimley, William .44 

Brooks, Thomas *. .68 

Brown, Abigail, (7) 125 

Brown, Amey Ann 139 

Brown, Benjamin, (4) 57. 116 




RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 


Brown, Berlah 79, 91, 16R 

Brown, Christopher 9S 

*5rown, Cyruff, (4) ". la^ 

Broiwn, Daniel, (4) 67 

Brown, Daniel 5ft 

Brown, Desire ?» 

Brown, Dorcas, (4) 67 

Brown, Eleanor 

Brown, Ellsha, (4) 67 

Brown, Elisha 126, 128 

Brown, EInathan 12S 

Brown, Elizabeth, (4) 67 

Brown, Elizabeth, (7) 116, 126 

Brown, George, (7).. 113, 115, 119. 124, 125 

Brown, Howland 126, 128 

Brown, Hannah, (7) 125 

Brown, Honor 108 

brown, Jeremiah bo 

Brown, Jeremiah, (8) 93, 136 

Brown, John, (4) 57 

Brown, John, (7) 125, 127 

brown, Mary So 

brown, Mary, '(4) 57 

Brown, Mary, (7) 12b 

Brown, Mary, (8) 136 

Brown, Nancy, (7) 124, 125 

Brown, Nancy Gardner 139, 145 

brown, Robert 113 

Brown, Rowland 93 

brown, Samuel 73. 126, 128, 136 

Brown, Sarah, (7) 119, 125 

Brown, Stukley 12h 

Brown, William, (7) 12b 

Browning, Abble A. C, (5) 7& 

Browning, Elizabeth 97, 127 

Browning, Gardner, (4) 78 

Browning, Gardner, (5) 78 

Browning, Hannah, (5) 78 

Browning, Izitt C, (5) 78 

Browning, Mary, (5) 78, 9*) 

Browning, Samuel 44, 51, 78 

Browning, Samuel, (5) 78 

Browning, Sarah C, (5).. 78, 100, 102, 103 

Browning, Stephen 110 

Browning, Tabitha 84 

Browning, William, (5) 78, 101, 102 

Buckley, J. M., D. D 145 

Bull, Jer 68 

Bull, Mary 98 

Burge, Lemuel Rev 135 

Burtingame, Elisha 132, 139 

Burlingame, Harriet G 133 

Burllngame, Hazard 131 

Burlingame, Mary Ann 134 

Burlingame, Thomas 49, 91 

Cady, M llton 124 

Carpenter, Margaret 132 

Carpenter, Mary 56 

Carpenter, Wlllett 102, 103 

Carr, Mary 40. Ill, 119 

Carr, Robert 56 

Carter, Edwin 4a 

Case, John 87 


Cases Nathaniel, (5) 87 

Case, Robert 73 

Case, Tabitha, (5) 87 

Ceston, William 68 

Champlin, Adam 64 

Champlin, Ann 32 

Champlin, Benjamin 96, 118, 131 

Champlin, Christopher 92, 112 

Champlin, Daniel 90 

Champlin, Daniel, (6) 96 

Champlin, Elizabeth 79 

Champlin, Hannah, (6) IO7 

Champlin, Henry, (6) 107 

Champlin, James 93 

Champlin, Jeffrey 118 

Champlin, Martha, (6) 107 

Champlin, Mary, (6) 107. 108 

Champlin, Mary 118. 119 

Champlin, Mehltable 135 

Champlin, Nicholas, (6) 96 

Champlin, Olive, (6) 107 

Champlin, Robert 108 

Champlin, Samuel, (6) 107 

Champlin, Sarah 107. 131 

Champlin, Stephen 119 

Champlin, Susannah 112 

Champlin, William 86, 107 

Champlin, William, (6) 107 

Channing, Edward 22 

Checkley, John 110 

Ciapp, Thomas 72. 78 

Clark, Ann 60 

Clark, Elisha 44 

Clark, Elizabeth 113. 147 

Clark, Grade 146 

Clark, Jeremiah 160 

Clark, John 98 

Clark, Martha 92 

Clark, William 93 

Clifford, Ann 97 

Coddlngton, William 66 

Coggershali, Ann 108 

Coggershali, Joseph 74, 93 

Coggershali, Waite 62. 93 

Cole, Ann 116 

Cole, Edward 133 

Cole, Elisha 133 

Cole, Izitt 78 

Cole, John 68, 75, 78 

Cole, Margaret 133 

Cole, Maria 128, 138 

Cole, Mary 116 

Cole, Sarah 61 

Cole, William 128 

Collins, Abel C, (7) 180 

Collins, Ann 12S 

Collins, Hannah Q., (7)... 130 

Collins, John, (7) 130 

Collins, Mary Ann, (7) 130 

Congdon, Daniel 133 

Collins, Peleg Q., (7) 130 

Collins, Timothy Clark, (7) 130 

RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 



Congdon, Elizabeth 68, 76 

Congdon, Hester 58 

Congdon, Jamee 55 

Congdon, John 46 

Congdon, Mary 114 

Congdon, Patience 62 

Congdon, Samuel 112 

Congdon, Sarah 112 

Congdon, Susannah 

97. 80, 126, 127, 128, 130 

Congdon, Wiliiam 114 

Congdon, William W 97. 134 

Cook, Anna Louisa 141 

Cook, Edwin S 141 

Cook, Louisa 137 

Cooper, Stephen 73 

Cottrell, Harriet 146 

Cottrell, James 93 

Cottrell, John 44, 51 

Cottrell, Nathan 93 

Cottrell, Samuel 44 

Cozzens, Phebe 137 

Crandaii, Anstress b6 

Crandall, Fanny 132 

Crandaii, iSAartha A 138 

Crendail, Lydia 78 

Crouse, Rebecca 92 

Cutler, George 43 

Dailey, Daniel 124 

Davis, Abigail 84 

Davis, Catherine 62. 91, 92 

Davis, Elizabeth 58, 75, 76, '^7 

Davie, James 138 

Davis, Lucy Emellne, (8).... 138. 133, 146 

Dawley, Lydia 95, 117. 118. 193 

Dawiey, Nathan 117 

Day, Phllo 110 

Day, Russell 110 

Dean, Abigail 107 

De Blols, Ann 112 

D'Estang, Count 94 

Delaner, Joseph 68 

Dennison, Elizabeth 92 

Dennison, Phebe 115 

Dickinson, Charles 73 

Dockery, Abigail, (6) 114 

Dockery, Hannah, (6) 114 

Dockery, John 114 

Dockery, John, (6) 114 

Dockery, Mary, (6) 114 

Dockery, Susannah, (6) 114 

Dockery, William R., (6) ...114 

Dockray, Nancy 125 

Dorsey, John Syng Dr 94 

Dow, Anna Marian 138 

Dow, Marlette 146 

Downing, Aliah 87 

Downing, Mary 87 

Douglas, David 93 

Pyer, Cli«rlee 62 

Dyer, George 95 

Dyer, Penelope i^g 

Dyer, Wiliiam 93 

Earl, Joshua 

Earl, Mary .*.'.* gg 

Earl, Swansey * * 'g- 

Easton, Amy .....[.. .62, 91 

Easton, Emma * ^a 

Easton, Jonathan ... 

Easton, Patience 

Easton, Samuel 

Easton, William ..... 

Eld!^' n*"*!*." •V.V.V.'h 85. 107 

Eldred, Daniel 

Eldred, John 

Eldred, Margaret 

Eldred, Martha 

Eldred, Mary •• 

Eldred, Penelope '^i'lV ^. 

Eldred, Samuel ' *^' -^^ 

^luredge, Caleb 

Eldredge, Mary A '/,'.'.['.'/.'.,' ^2 95 91: 

Eldredge, Thomas ' ^' ^^ 

Ellis, Ayers " 

Elliott, Lucinda Grant ^o, 

Ellsworth, Albert F 

Endlcott, Gov 

Essex, Ann 

Essex, Hugh •". i....!.!!!.!.*"?! 

Essex, Susannah \ \ \ 74 



62, 92 




62, 64, 68 


Fairfield, John 
Faxon, John 


Fenix, Alexanderr eo 

Field, John .'.*.*.*.'.".".\*!.*!!!m 

Fish, Jemima ^^9 

F»»h, Job J" 

Fish, Mariah At 

FIshV Mary ['.'.'.'.[',[ 123 

Fisher, Mary "" j^ 

Forbes,, Peter • i " 1 !!!.!!.! ! !l24 

Fox, Thomas \\ ^3 

Franklin, Sarah !.!!....!! 113 

Fry, Ann !...... 49 

Fry, Ruth 127 

Gardner, George.. 20, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31. 42 


Gardner, Benony 

25, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 38, * 

Gardner, Dorcas 30, 

Gardner, George 25, 30, 

Gardner, Henry '.26, 

Gardner, Jeremiah 

Gardner, Joseph 25. 26, 30, 

Gardner, Lydia '. 

Gardner, Mary * '30, 

Gardner, Nicholas 25. 30. 

Gardner}, Peregrine .' . 30 ' 

39, 149 

39. 66 
35, 36 
30. 34 

.30, 44 

40. 41 
30, 41 

41. 42 




RHODE I8LAND---Ck)ntiiiued. 


Gardner, Rebecca 30 

Gardner, Robert 80. 42. 43, 44 

Gardner, Samuel 30. 40 

Gardner, William s 25, 30. 37. 3S 


Gardner, Abigail 44 

Gardner, Ann 37. 39 

Gardner, Bridget 81, 67, 78 

Gardner, Catherine 40 

Gardner, Desire 44 

Gardner, Dorcas 37. 44 

Gardner, Elizabeth 34, 37. 40. 51 

Gardner, Ephriam 34. 62, 73. 91, 93 

Gardner, Ezeklel 37 

Gardner, Frances 39 

Gardner, Francis 40 

Gardner, Freeiove 44. 51 

Gardner, George 36, 37, 40, 50, 56 

Gardner, Hannah 36, 49 

Gardner, Henry 34, 61, 78, 91, 32 

Gardner, Herodias 39 

Gardner, Isaac 31, 32, 38, 76, 76, 77 

Gardner, James 40, 45 

Qardnerv Jertemlah 44 

Gardner, Joanna 35 

Gardner, John 35, 39, 40. 49, 60. 89, 90 

Gardner, Joseph 35, 40 

Gardner, Lydia 40 

Gardner, Martha 34 

Gardner, Mary '. 40 

Gardner, Nathaniel 

31, 33, 46, 46, 48, 74, 75, 184 

Gardner, Nicholas 

31. 35, 36, 37, 84, 86, 86. 90, 95, 96 

Gardner, Penelope 48 

Gardner, Phebe 44, 61, 78 

Gardner, Rachel 37 

Gardner, Rebecca 37 

Gardner, Robert 35, 40, 60, 85 

Gardner, Samuel 35, 39, 40, 49. 87, 89 

Gardner, Sarah 44, 51 

Gardner, Stephen 31, 149 

Gardner, Susannah 37 

Gardner, Tabltha 35. 36, 37, 55 

Gardner, William, 31, 34, 37, 39, 40. 58, 

:...62, 68, 70, 77, 74, 76, 77 


Gardner, Abigail 

....60. 58, 62, 70, 91, 111, 113, 114, 115 

Gardner, Amy 52 

Gardner, Anna 85 

Gardner, Benjamin 46. 74, 184 

Gardner, Benony 68. 77, 118 

Gardner, Bridget 58, 77 

Gardner, Caleb 86, 94, 105, 108 

Gardner, Catherine 60* 

Gardner, Christopher 62 

Gardner, Desire 32 

Gardner, Dorcas 45, 50, 62, 75 

Gardner, Edward 62 

Gardner, Elizabeth \. 56, 58 

Gardner, Ephriam 62 


Gardner, Ezeklel 62, 78, 79. 37 

Gardner, Freeiove 50 

Gardner, Gideon sg 

Gardner, Hannah 62, 58, 70 

Gardner, Henry 35, 62, 63, 85. 92, 107 

Gardner, Isaac 55, 58, 76, 116, 118 

Gardner, James 62, 93 

Gardner, Job 46, 184, 186, 186, 187 

Gardner, John, 49, 68, 62, 68, 69, 73, 

89, 90, 107, 108, 109, 110. Ill 

Gardner, Joseph 50 

Gardner, Lydia 68, 77, 84 

Gardner, Margaret 63. 49 

Gardner, Martha 49, 87 

Gardner, Mary, 46, 49, 50, 58, 62. 75. 

84, 86, 89, 92, 106, 115 

Gardner, Nathan 85, 106 

Gardner, Nathaniel 45 

Gardner, Nicholas 52. 90. 96. 103 

Gardner, Penelope 45, 58, 62. i6 

Gardner, Samuel 49, 58, 62, 76. 89, 91 

Gardner, Sarah 58 

Gardner, Silas 58, 77 

Gardner, Susannah 52, 86 

Gardner, Sylvester 

52, 58, 72, 79, 95, 117, 118, 165 

Gardner, Tabltha 49. 84 

Gardner, Thomas 44, 87. 88 

Gardner, William 58. 62. 69. 92, 153 


Qurdner, Abel 90, 107 

Gardner, Abiel 75 

Gardner, Abigail 69, 85, 89, 90, 93, 109, 118 

Gardner, Almy 77 

Gardner, Amos. 69, 84, 111, 123 

Gardner, Ann 89, 90, 93. 96 

Gardner, Anstress, (Antis)... .68. 110, 119 

Gardner, Benjamin 

69. 76, 84, 95, 108, 109, 117, 121 

Gardner, Benony 76, 77 

Gardner, Caleb 75 

Gardner, Christopher 92 

Gardner, Clark 92 

Gardner, Daniel 95. 117 

Gardner, David 73, 79 

Gardner, Desire 92 

Gardner, Dorcas 86. 91. 105 

Gardner, Elizabeth 70. 77. 90. 91. 96 

Gardner, Eiisha 79 

Gardner, Emily 91 

Gardner, Ephriam 91 

Gardner, Experience 89. 105 

Gardner, Ezeklel.. 79. 97. 110. 126. 127. 12S 

Gardner, Francis 91 

Gardner, George 79. 92 

Gardner, Gideon 77. 92 

Gardner, Hannah 68. 79. 86. 107 

Gardner, Henry 90. 92 

Gardner, Huling 90. 96 

Gardner, Isaac 76. 77. 118 

Gardner, James 70. 76. 90. 92. 93 

Gardner, JefTry 79 



RHODE ISLAND-^Continned. 


Gardner, Jeremiah 

Gardner, Job 75 

Gardner, John, 69, 76, 77, 79, 90, 9K 

95, 107, 109, 110, 117. 118, 120, 122 

Gardner, Jonathan 92 

Gardner, Joseph 95, 117 

Gardner, Joshua 75 

Gardner, Latham 77 

Gardner, Lowry 77 

Gardner, Lucy 91 

Gardner, Lydia 69. 84, 95, 108. 109. 117 

Gardner, Margaret 90 

Gardner, Martha 85, 90 

Gardner, May 92. 93 

Gardner, Mary, 69. 76. 79. 84, 85, 86, 

87, 89, 90, 99. 107 

Gardner, Nathan 85, 106 

Gardner, Nathaniel 75 

Gardner, Nicholas 

....76, 79, 80. 86, 90, 103. 125, 126. 128 

Gardner, Olive 76 

Gardner, Oliver 79. 116 

Gardner, Othnlel 77 

Gardner, Palmer 95. 117 

Gardner, Patience 77. 92 

Gardner, Peleg 76. 79 

Gardner, Phebe 84 

Gardner, Richard 87 

Gardner, Ruth 89 

Gardner, Samuel 87, 89. 90, 91, 93 

Gardner, Sarah. 69, 85, 86. 91. 106. 108, 122 

Gardner, Silas 77 

Gardner, Stephen 92 

Gardner, Susannah 91, 93 

Gardner, Sylvester 90 

Gardner, Tabitha 86. 87, 95. 117 

Gardner, Thomas.. 68. 87. 91. 92, 111. 122 

Gardner, Walte 76, 93. 107 

Gardner, Walter Clark 91 

Gardner, Wanton 93 

Gardner, Zebulon 128 

Gardner, Zelpha 90 


Gardner, Abigail 111. 117 

Gardner, Albert 108 

Gardner, Amey 97, 107. 131 

Gardner, Amy 97. 107, 131 

Gardner, Amos Ill, 123 

Gardner, Ann 97 

Gardner, Benaiah Ill 

Gardner, Benjamin.. 103. 104, 108, 125, 126 

Gardner, Berlah 103. 104. 129 

Gardner, Betsey 104 

Gardner, Caleb 105 

Gardner, David 97. 130 

Gardner, Dorcas 90. 97. 107. 117. 127 

Gardner, Edwin 108 

Gardner, Ellsha 97. 106. 127 

Gardner, Elizabeth 103. 108. 116 

Gardner, Emma 110 


Gardner, Ezelciel 97, 117. 130, 131 

Gardner, Fredericl< 121. 122 

Gardner, George 107, 132 

Gardner, Gould 96. 129 

Gardner, Hannah 97. 116, 127 

Gardner, Harriet 110 

Gardner, Harrison Q. 106 

Gardner, Honour 103 

Gardner, isabeil 117 

Gardner, imac 116. 118 

Gardner, James 108. 109. Ill 

Gardner, JefTry 97, 131 

Gardner, Jesse 97. 128 

Gardner, John 110. 111. 116. 123 

Gardner, Lydia 117 

Gardner, Malone 106 

Gardner, Margaret 116 

Gardner, Mary, 96, 97. 107, 111, 116, 

124, 126, 128, 180, 132 

Gardner, Mercy 116 

Gardner, Nathan 106 

Gardner, Nicholas 103, 116 

Gardner, Niles 106 

Gardner, Oliver 97, 116 

Gardner, Robert 110. 124, 128, 131 

Gardner, Sarah 90, 96, 107, 110. 116 

Gardner, Susannah 97 

Gardner, Sweet 107 

Gardner, Sylvester 110, 117 

Gardner, Vincent 103, 104, 126 

Gardner, Wanton 96 

Gardner, Warren 105 

Gardner, WIcices 108, 121 

Gardner, Willett 103, 104 

Gardner, Wlliiam 97, 110, 111, 116 


Gardner, Abigail 122. 127 

Gardner, Abbey E 130 

Gardner, Albert 128 

Gardner, Alfred 126 

Gardner, Amey 126. 127, 128, 136 

Gardner, Amy 126. 127, 128, 136 

Gardner, Ann 123. 126, 130. 133 

Gardner, Anna 123. 126, 130. 133 

Gardner, Ann W 129 

Gardner, Benjamin. 121. 126. 129. 132. 135 

Gardner, Beriah 125 

Gardner, Betsey 121 

Gardner, Bowdoln 123 

Gardner, Catherine 129 

Gardner, Charles 123. 132 

Gardner, Charlotte 123 

Gardner, Clarl< 126 

Gardner, Cornelia Susan 129 

Gardner, Daniel 131 

Gardner, Darwin 132 

Gardner, David 126. 128. 130 

Gardner, Deborah 125. 126, 128 

Gardner, Dorcas 126. 127. 128. 129. 136 

Gardner, Edgar T 131 



RHODE ISLAND— Ck>ntinued. 


Gardner, Edward 121 

Gardner, Elisha 127 

Gardner, Elizabeth. .126. 126, 128, 130. 136 

Gardner, Eunice 123 

Gardner, Eunice B 132 

Gardner, Ezekiel 125. 127. 130. 131 

Gardner, Ezra 128, 133 

Gardner, Fanny 129 

Gardner, George 123, 131, 134 

Gardner, Hannah 129. 131 

Gardner, Harriet 125 

Gardner, Harrington 129 

Gardner, Honour 126, 12S 

Gardner, Immanuel 128 

Gardner, James 123, 125. 129 

Gardner, Jeanette 123 

Gardner, Jeffry 127 

Gardner, Jesse 127 

Gardner, John 123. 127. 128. 129. 180 

Gardner, Joseph.... 125. 126. 129. 130. 137 

Gardner, Joslah 123 

Gardner, Lodowick 123 

Gardner, Lucy 125 

Gardner, Lydia 130 

Gardner, MaiachI 129 

Gardner, Maria 123 

Gardner, Martha 126. 128 

Gardner, Mary, 99, 121, 123, 125. 126. 

127, 128, 129. 130, 132 

Gardner, Mercy 129 

Gardner, Nancy 126, 128 

Gardner, Nicholas. .125, 126. 128. 134, 137 

Gardner, Olive 129 

Gardner, Oliver 131 

Gardner, Oscar T 131 

Gardner, Palmer 127 

Gardner, Pardon Tllllnghast 131, 133 

Gardner, Peleg 130 

Gardner, Penelope 132 

Gardner, Perry 126 

Gardner, Phebe 125 

Gardner, Rathbun 129 

Gardner, Ray 130 

Gardner, Robert 123. 129 

Gardner, Robinson 122 

Gardner, Ruf us 131 

Garaner, Ruth 128. 131 

Gardner, Samuel 129 

Gardner, Sarah, 123, 126. 127, 129. 130. 

132, 135 

Gardner, Simeon 122, 123 

Gardner, Susan 126. 127. 128. 130 

Gardner, Susannah 99 

Gardner, Stephen 122 

Gardner, Thomas 121, 123 

Gardner, Vincent 126, 128, 135 

Gardner, Wlllett 126 

Gardner, William 129 

Gardner, Zebulon 129 



Gardner, Abigail Mehitable 139 

Gardner, Albert 133 

Gardner, Alfred 134 

Gardner, Alice F 133 

Gardner, Alonzo J 135, 140 

Gardner, Amos 123, 124 

Gardner, Ansel B 137 

Gardner, Benjamin Arnold.. 134 

Gardner, Benjamin T 135 

Gardner, Calvin 137 

Gardner, Caroline 133 

Gardner, Charles 128. 131, 140 

Gardner, Charles Carrol 133. 137 

Gardner, Charles Wilson 134 

Gardner, Cornelia Maria 134 

Gardner, Daniel T 133 

Gardner, Edward C 136 

Gardner, Emma 133 

Gardner, Elizabeth 133 

Gardner, Elizabeth Wickes 133 

Gardner, Ezekiel 134 

Gardner, Frances Ann 134 

Gardner, Frances Wanton 134 

Gardner, George Henry 134, 139 

Gardner, Greene 137 

Gardner, Hannah N 133 

Gardner, Harriet 134 

Gardner, Harriet Rhodes 133 

Gardner, Harrington 142 

Gardner, Harrison 137 

Gardner, Henry C 130 

Gardner, Immanuel 133 

Gardner, Isabella W 130 

Gardner, Jeremiah S 136 

Gardner, John A 130 

Gardner, Jonathan Vincent 135, 145 

Gardner, Joseph O 135 

Gardner, Joseph Warren 137, 141 

Gardner, Leander 135 

Gardner, Maria C 133 

Gardner, Mary Angeifne 134 

Gardner, Mary E 136 

Gardner, Mary Eleanor 135. 142 

Gardner, Mary Fields 137 

Gardner, Massena T 137 

Gardner, Nicholas Jonathan 137 

Gardner, Nicholas Spencer 134. 139 

Gardner, Oliver 134 

Gardner, Owen G 137, 141 

Gardner, Phebe E 136 

Gardner, Phebe Elizabeth 137 

Gardner, Philander F 135 

Gardner, Rhoda 134 

Gardner, Richard Wicke* 133 

Gardner, Robert I4i 

Gardner, Ruth Ann 133 

Gardner, Samuel 134 

Gardner, Sarah P 133 

Gardner, Susan Elizabeth 134. 145 

Gardner, ThoniM Vincent 135 


RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 



Gardner, Vincent 128 

Gardner, Walter Scott 132 

Gardner, Wlliett 134, 139 

Gardner, Z. Herbert 138 


Gardner, Abby P 140 

Gardner, Ada Josephine ..140 

Gardner, Arttiur Gerald 147 

Gardner, Arthur Linwood 140 

Gardner, Blanche 141 

Gardner, Caroline Greene 138 

Gardner, Charles C 148 

Gardner, Charles Carrol, Jr 137 

Gardner, Charles Holmes 146 

Gardner, Clarefice E 141 

Gardner, Claud 141 

Gardner, Earl 141 

Gardner, Eleanor 141 

Gardner, Elizabeth 138 

Gardner, Ethel B 140 

Gardner, Francis Murray 140 

Gardner, Frank Avery 139, 146 

Gardner, George 139 

Gardner, Grace 141 

Gardner, Harriet Langworthy 140 

Gardner, Henry Vincent 145 

Gardner, Herbert 142 

Gardner, Herbert Spencer 139 

Gardner, John T 138 

Gardner, Joseph Ray 141 

Gardner, Linwood A 141 

Gardner, Marie 141 

Gardner, Mary B 140. 147 

Gardner, Mary Esther 140 

Gardner, Owen G., Jr 141 

Gardner, Ruth Emellne 

Gardner, Thomas C 138 

Gardner, Waiter Scott 141 

Gardner, Z. Herbert, Jr 138 


Gardner, Charlotte Beatrice 146 

Gardner, Cyrus P 138 

Gardner, Dorothy Elizabeth 

Gardner, Edward Reed 139 

Gardner, Elizabeth 137 

Gardner, Hattie 137 

Gardner, izitt Q 136 

Gardner, Joseph Theodore 138 

Gardner, Myron Mliice 146 

Gardner, Thomas J ^ 136 


Gardner, Abigail 74, 103, 115 

Gardner, Aliln 93 

Gardner, Amos 74 

Gardner, Benjamin 116 

Gardner, Benjah 74 

Gardner, Benony 68 

Gardner, Bertha A 148 


Gardner, Caleb 19. 84. 116 

Gardner, Catherine 74 

Gardner, Charlee C 148 

Gardner, Clarence O 148 

Gardner, Clark 74 

Gardner, Cyrus A 

Gardner, Daniel 103, 122 

Gardner, Desire . / 73 

Gardner, Dorcas 84, 86 

Gardner, Edward 78 

Gardner, Elizabeth 73, 74, 85. 117 

Gardner, Ephrlam 93 

Gardner, Eugene C 148 

Gardner, Frances 122 

Gardner, Francis 106 

Gardner, Frederick 93 

Gardner, George 68 

Gardner, Gideon 49 

Gardner, Grace 84 

Gardner, Hannah 102. 103 

Gardner, Harry R 148 

Gardner, Henry 68. 73, 74, 111 

Gardner, Henry Richmond 74 

Gardner, Herodlas 81 

Gardner, Isaac 49, 55 

Gardner, Jane 74 

Gardner, Jeremiah 'iA, 78, 84, 95, 126 

Gardner, Joannah 86, 87 

Gardner, John 74, 75, 91. 93. 95, 123 

Gardner, Joseph 25, 26 

Gardner, Lola E 118 

Gardner, Lory 93 

Gardner, Lydia 73, 74, 127 

Gardner, Maiborough 126 

Gardner, Malbro 128 

Gardner, Margaret 18. 76. 116, 122 

Gardner, Martha 74. Ill 

Gardner, Mary 74. 109, 149 

Gardner, Nathan 74. 93 

Gardner, Nicholas. 62, 55, 68, 74. 78, 93, 111 

Gardner, Oliver : 116 

Gardner, Peleg 102, 103 

Gardner, Phebe 125 

Gardner, Richard 93 

Gardner, Robinson 74 

Gardner, Ruth 115. 122 

Gardner, Samuel 91. 110 

Gardner, Samifel Fayerweather 74 

Gardner, Sarah 14, 110 

Gardner, Silas 122 

Gardner, Susan 102 

Gardner, Susannah 91, 100 

Gardner, Sylvester 74 

Gardner, Tabltha 96 

Gardner, Thomas 37, 74, 85 

Gardner, Thomas Sir 25 

Gardner, Vincent 97 

Gardner, William 68, 74 

Gardner, Wlliett 28 

Gavitt, Thankful 107 

George, Rachel 189 



RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 


Qibbs, Amy 106 

Qlbbs, Elizabeth 69, 163 

Qold, Thomas , 68 

Good, Anna E 148 

Good, Cyrus 148 

Good, Mary E 148 

Gorton, Mercy 76, 116 

Gorton, William 116 

Gould, Elizabeth 38 

Gould, John 38 

Graves, John 108 

Greene, Annie Belle, (9) 138 

Greene, Caroline 132 

Greene, Catherine 89 

Greene, Daniel 68 

Greene, David 99, 101 

Greene, Deborah 138 

Greene, Elizabeth 112 

Greene, EInathan 86 

Greene, Frank Wilson, (9) 138 

Greene, Fred Davis, (9) 188 

Greene, John Tllllnghast 138 

Greene, Nancy 139 

Greene, Nellie Abbott, (9) 138 

Greene, Pardon 138 

Greene, Richard 112 

Greene, Sarah 112 

Greene, Thomas 86 

Guy, William Rev 78 

Hall, Alice, (5) 76 

Hail, Benjamin, (5) 76 

Hall, Benony, (5) / 86 

Hall, Benony 66, 86 

Hall, Charlotte E 145, 147 

Hall, Elizabeth, (6) 76 

Hail, Gardner, (5) 76 

Hail, Isaac, (5) 76. S6 

Hail, Lucy, (5) 76 

Hall, Patience, (5) 76 

Hall, Penelope, (5) 76 

Hall, Robert 75 

Hail, Robert, (6) 76 

Hail, William 62. 58. 76, 85 

Hail, William, (6) 76 

Hammond, Elzabeth 125 

Hammond, William 29. 125, 132 

Hammond, Hannah Mary 86 

Harper, James 123 

Harper, Mary 123 

Havens, Desire 62, 92 

Havens, Martha 90. 103 

Havens, William 90 

Hawkins, William 30, 40, 42 

Hawkings, see Hawkins 

Hazard, Abigail 118 

Hazard, Abigail, (6) 111. 112 

Hazard, Benedict, (6) Ill 

Hazard, Caleb 70, 111. 112 


Hazard, Caleb, (5) 75 

Hazard, Catherine, (5) 92 

Hazard, Catherine, (7) 122 

Hazard, Charles, (6) 112 

Hazard, Edah, (5) 92 

Hazard, Elizabeth 70. 112 

Hazard, Elizabeth, (6) 112 

Hazard, Ester 130 

Hazard, Esther, (6) 112 

Hazard, Eunice HI. 123 

Hazard, Frances, (7) 122 

Hazard, Francis, (6) 112 

Hazard, Henry, (5) 92 

Hazard, John 86. 106. 122 

Hazard, John, (6) 106. Ill, 122 

Hazard, Jonathan 62, 79. 92. 101 

Hazard, Joseph 125 

Hazard, Joslah, (6) Ill 

Hazard, Lydia, (6) Ill 

Hazard, Martha 96. 122 

Hazard, Mary 100, 116. 119 

Hazard, Mary, (6) Hi 

Hazard, Mumford 112 

Hazard, May, (5) 92 

Hazard, Nancy, (6) 112 

Hazard, Nathan Q 106. 122 

Hazard, Robert, (6) 76. 92. 119 

Hazard, Sarah 92. 97. 119. 122. 127 

Hazard, Sylvester 112 

Hazard, Thomas 114, 118, 125 

Hazard, William, <5) 76 

Hazard, William, (6) m 

Heffernon, Francis 126 

HefTernon, Polly 77 

Helme, Christopher 63 

Helme, Eliza R 146 

Helme, Henry 146 

Helme, James 93 

Helme, Mary 66, 63 

Helme, Mercy 56 

Helme, Robert 93 

Helme, Rouse 56. 68, 93 

Hendricks, Mary W 129. 137. 144 

Hendricks, Patience 129 

Hicks, Herodlas 26. 30, 31 

Hicks, John 29. 30, 31 

Hill, Augustus, (5) 87 

Hill, Caleb, (5) S7 

Hill, Daniel 36, 86. 87 

Hill, Daniel, (4) 86 

Hill, Daniel, (5) 86, 87 

Hill, Elizabeth, (5) 87 

Hill, EInathan, (5) 86 

Hill, Ephrlam, (S) 87 

Hill, Hannah 118 

Hill, Jeremiah, (5) S7 

Hill, Joannah, (5) 87 

Hill, Mary 68. 69 

Hill, Mary, <4) 87. Ill 

Hill, Sarah, (5) 86 

Hill, Susannah, (4) 86 



RHODE ISLAND---Ck)ntlntted. 


Hill, Tabltha, (6) 86 

Hill, Tabltha, (4) 87 

Hlmea, Mary 97. 181 

HIscox, Wilflam 45 

Holma*, Catherine 40.. 49 

Holmes, Frances 40 

Holmes, John 40 

Holmes, 8usan F 139 

Honyman, Rev. James 70, 73 

Howard, Ephrlam 87 

Howe, Admiral 94 

Howland, John 92 

Howland, Mary 75, 108 

Howland, Richard 43 

Huling, Alexander 38, 39 

Hullng, Elizabeth 38, 39 

Hull, Ann 37 

Hull, Demarls 70, HI 

Hull, John 70, 111 

Hull, Joseph S7 

Hull, Phebe 70, 111 

Hull, William 86 

Jackson, Agnes 126 

Jackvaler, Aron 68 

James, Allen 93 

Jecoy, Isaac 128 

Jenkins, Thomas 110 

Johnson, Clarissa 140 

Johnson, Mary 74, 86, 106 

Joslin, Freelove 92 

Kenyon, Amos, (6) 116 

Kenyon, Dorcas, (5) 75 

Kenyon, Ellsha 132 

Kenyon, Elizabeth, (5) 76 

Kenyon, Freeman, (6) 116 

Kenyon, Freelove, (6) 116 

Kenyon, Gardner, (6) 115 

Kenyon, Hannah, (5) '(6 

Kenyon, Job, (6) 115 

Kenyon, John, (5) 75. 115 

Kenyon, John, (6) 115 

Kenyon, Joseph Q., (6) 116 

Kenyon, Lewis, (6) 115 

Kenyon, Lydia, (6) 116 

Kenyon, Mary, (5) 75 

Kenyon, Mary. (6) 116 

Kenyon, Nathaniel, (5) 75 

Kenyon, Remington, (5) 76 

Kenyon, Remington, (6) 116 

Kenyon, Zebulon, (6) 115 

Kinyon, James 36 

Knoweis, Abby Ill 

Knowles, Abigail 123 

Knowles, Daniel 123 

Knowles, Ruth 123 

Knowls, William 68 


Lawton, Eliza 138, 141 

Lawton, Grace 144 

Lewis, Isaac E 147 

Lewis, John P 147 

Lewis, Marjorle, (10) 147 

Lewis, Mercy A 147 

Liilibridge, Amy ^4 

Lliilbridge, Ann 92 

Liilibridge, Deborah 90 

LIttiebridge, Thomas 143 

Littietleid, LydIa 35, 85 

Long, Herodlas 29 

Longbottom, James 30 

Luce, Bessie Waterman 140 

Luce, Clarence J 140 

Luce, Mary Ann 140 


Maileth, Thomas 43 

Matteson, Abraham 95 

Matteson, Mercy lie 

McCormIck, Alice Azeline 146 

McRea, Colonel 108 

Morey, Ann, (6) 9S 

Morey, Dorcas, (6) 36 

Morey, Elizabeth, (6) 96 

Morey, Enoch, (6) 96 

Morey, Gardner, (6) 06 

Morey, George, (6) 96 

Morey, Hazard, (6) 96 

Morey, Martha, (6) 96 

Morey, Samuel 90, 96 

Mosher, Mary 49 

Mosleck, Hugh 30 

Mowrey, John '. 106 

Mowrey, Mary 92 

Mowrey, Pardon 86, 105 

Mowrey, Pardon, (6) 106 

Mowrey, Peter, (6) 106 

Mowrey, Sarah 65 

Mumford, Annie. (6) 106 

Mumford, Augustus, (6) 106 

Mumford, Benjamin 73 

Mumford, Darius, (6) 106 

Mumford, Dorcas, (6) 106 

Mumford, Elizabeth, (6) 106 

Mumford, Hannah, (5) 89 

Mumford, Henry, (5) 91 

Mumford, Joslah 89. 106 

Mumford, Joslah, (5) 89 

Mumford, Mary, (5) 89 

Mumford, Oliver, (6) 106 

Mumford, Paul, (6) 106 

Mumford, Peleg 89 

Mumford, Silas, (6) 106 

Mumford, Thomas 36, 62, 91 

Mumford, William G 106 


Newcomb, Elizabeth, (5) 77 

Newcomb, Frederick, (5) 77 



RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 


Newcomb, James, (5) 77 

Newcomb, Thomas 77 

Newton, Ann 50 

Newton, Frell 68 

Nichols, Alexander 126 

Nichols, Anne, (5) 87 

Nichols, George Vincent, (9) .145 

Nichols, Hester 89 

Nichols, Jonathan : . .50 

Nichols, Mary Charlott, (9) 145 

Kichols, Rachel, (5) 87 

Nichols, Rebecca, (5) 87 

Nichols, Thomas 49, 87, 145 

Nlles, Ebenezer 36 

Nile*, Ester 130 

Nlles, Katherlne 85, 106 

Niles, Nathaniel 35, 36. 85 

Nlles, Silas 112, 130 

Norton, John 73 

Northup, Ann 128 

Northup, Benjamin, (5) 86 

Northup, David, (5) 86 

Northup, Dorcas, (5) 86 

Northup, Elizabeth 

90, 96, 97, 128, 129, 133 

Northup, Hannah, (6) 86, 131 

Northup, Hester 76 

Northup, Immanuel 90, 96 

Northup, John 77, 84 

Northup, John C, (7) 127 

Northup, Lucy 74, 122 

Northup, Mary 35, 84, 85, 86 

Northup, Nicholas, (5) 86 

Northup, Nicholas C 97, 127. 128 

Northup, Patience 77 

Northup, Robert 86 

Northup, Stephen 64 

Northup, Susan 129 

Northup, William 101, 126. 128 

Northup, William, (5) 86 

Noyes, Peieg 122 

Palmer, George 68 

Parker, Abigail 92 

Payne, Charles H. Rev 142 

Payne, Charles Vincent, (9) 131 

Payne, Frank Leonard, (9) 142 

Payne, Thomas 43 

Pearce, Jamee 33 

Pease, William 43 

Peckham, Abble 123 

Peckham, Benjamin 115, 119 

Peckham, George 119 

Peckham, Peleg 119 

Peckham, Sarah.... 114, 115, 119. 122, 125 

Pele, Marcia 115 

Pennel, John 46 

Perkins, Joseph 86, 136 

Perry, Alice 114 

Perry, Benjamin 93 


Perry, Freeman 116 

Perry, John 112 

Perry, Susannah 116 

Petriil, John 93 

Phillips, Christopher, (8) 128, 131 

Phillips, Honor, (8) 128 

Phillips, Mary Ann, (8) 128 

Phillips, Margaret 128 

Phillips, Susan E., (8) 128, 131 

Phillips, Thomas 73 

Pierce, Almy 102 

Pierce, Amey, (7) 131 

Pierce, Amey, (9) 139 

Pierce, Christopher, (9) 139 

Pierce, Elisha, (7) 151 

Pierce, Ezekiel C, (7) 131 

Pierce, Gliea 97 

Pierce, John F., (9) 139 

Pierce, John G 136 

Pierce, Joseph, (7) 131 

Pierce, Margaret 133 

Pierce, Nathan 52 

Pierce, Susan, (7) 131 

Pierce, Thomas C 139, 145 

Pierce, Thomas, (9) 139 

PInder, John 79 

Pope, Fra 43 

Porter, John 37 

Post, Ralph 124 

Potter, Elisha 76. 106, 120 

Potter, Hannah 35 

Potter, James 93 

Potter, Mary 86. 113 

Potter, Samuel 124 

Potter, Sarah 122 

Potter, Stephen 112 

Potter, Thomas 62, 93 

Potter, William 89 

Purklns, James 93 

Rathbun, Elizabeth 129, 142 

Rathbun, Joseph 49 

Rathbun, Mary 35. 49, 89, 90 

Rathbun, Thomas 125 

Reed, Maria Piatt 139 

Remington, Abigail 68, 68, 70, 77 

Remington, Elizabeth 74 

Remington, John 84, 58 

Reynoide» Beriah 125 

Reynolds, Catherine 135 

Reynolds, Freeiove 115 

Reynolds, Hannah 90 

Reynolds, Hen 68, 93 

Reynolds, James 68, 123 

Reynolds, Jno 102 

Reynolds, John 186 

Reynolds, Jonathan 135 

Reynolds, Joseph 68 

Reynolds, Joseph, (5) 85 

Reynolds, Lydia 85, 117 



RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 


Reynolds, Mary 185, ■ 142 

Reynold*, Martha 90 

Reynolds, Oliver 90 

Reynolds, Robert 86 

Reynolds, Samuel 117 

Reynolds, Susan 125 

Reynolds, Tabltha 117 

Rhodes, Eunice 123 

Rhodes, Watey 121, 132 

Rice, Elizabeth 49 

Rice, John 86 

Rice, Wanton 116 

Richards, C. A. L. Rev 137 

Richards, Ethelind 137 

Richards, Mary White 137 

Richards Mary 113 

Richardson, Sara 70 

Richardson, Thomas 113 

Richmond, Abigail 34, 58 

Richmond, Edward 34 

Richmond, Mary 118 

Richmond, Thomas 113 

Robertson, R 73 

Robinson, Abigail 115, 122 

Robinson, Abigail, (5) 70, 113 

Robinson, Abigail, (6) 112. 113. 114 

Robinson, Albert, (7) 122 

Robinson, Amey, (6) 113 

Robinson, Ann, (6) 114 

Robinson, Benjamin 115, 125 

Robinson, Christopher, (5) 70. 112, 125 

Robinson, Christopher, (6) 112 

Robinson, Cornelia, (7) 122 

Robinson, Edwin, (7) 122 

Robinson, Elizabeth, (6) 112 

Robinson, Elizabeth, (7) 122 

Robinson, Emily, (7) 122 

Robinson, George, (6) 112 

Robinson, Hannah, (6) 

110, 112. 113, 119, 124, 126 

Robinson, James, (5) 70, 114 

Robinson, James, (6) 114, 115 

Robinson, James, (7) 122 

Robinson, Jesse, (6) 112 

Robinson, John, (5) 70, 114. 115. 125 

Robinson, John, (6) 122 

Robinson, Joseph J., (6) 113 

Robinson, Marian, (7) 122 

Robinson, Mary 126 

Robinson, Mary, (5) 70. 114 

Robinson, Mary, (6) 110. 113, 114 

Robinson, Matthew, (6) 113 

Robinson, Philip, (6) 118 

Robinson, Robert, (6) 112 

Robinson, Rowland 70. 110, 119 

Robinson, Rowland, (6) 113 

Robinson, Ruth, (6) 114 

Robinson, Sarah, (6) 115 

Robinson, Sylvester 91 

Robinson, Sylvester, (5) 114 

Robinson, Sylvester, (6) 115 


Robinson, Thomas, (6) 75, 113 

Robinson, Thomas, (6) 113, 115 

Robinson, Wiililam, (5) 76, 113 

Robinson, William, (6) 

110, 112, 113, 114, 116 

Robinson, William 

48, 91, 110, xl2. 113. 114, 115, 124 

Rodman, Ann 114, 116 

Rodman, Christopher, (7) 182 

Rodman, Clark, (7) 132 

Rodman, Daniel, (7) 132 

Rodman, Elizabeth, (7) 132 

Rodman, Eliza 116 

Rodman, Hannah 113 

Rodman, John 116 

Rodman, Margaret, (7) 132 

Rodman, Mary, (7) 132 

Rodman, Mary 160 

Rodman, Phebe, (7) 132 

Rodman, Robert, (7) 132 

Rodman, Samuel 50, 114 

Rodman, Thomas, (7) 132 

Rodman, Thomas 60 

Rose, James 98 

Rose, John 93 

Sands, Hannah 112 

Sanford, Eliza 40 

Sanford, Frances 50 

Sanford, John 50 

Sanford, Joseph 130 

Sanford, Lydia 97, 130 

Sanford, Mary 130 

Scott, Ann Ill 

Searl, Whiting 127 

Shearman, ^-.^el 48, 86 

ShefHeld, Sarah 127 

Shefni, Jeremiah 93 

Sheldon, Dorcas, (4) 57 

Sheldon, Elizabeth 67 

Sheldon, George 57 

Sheiden, Isaac 66 

Sheldon, John 68 

Sheiden, John, (4) 57 

Sheiden, Samuel 57 

>Sheiden,Sarah 57 

Shelden,Wllilam 67 

Sherman, Alice, (4) ^ 67, 68 

Sherman, Bridget, (4) 57, 58 

Sherman, Bridget, (5) 78 

Sherman, Caroline 132 

Sherman, Elizabeth, (7) 124 

Sherman, Harriet 134 

Sherman, Harry ^ 124 

Sherman, Harvy Ill, 124 

Sherman, Henry 136 

Sherman, Isabella 

41. 106. 108, 116. 117, 118. 119 

Sherman, Isabeli, (4) 57, 86 

Sherman, Job 31 



RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 

Sherman, Job, (4) 57 

Sherman, Job, (5) 78 

Sherman, John 57 

Sherman, John, (5) 78 

Sherman, Lucy, (7) 124 

Sherman, Lydia A 131 

Sherman, May, (4) 57. 68 

Sherman, Mary, (7) 124 

Sherman, Phillip, (4) 67 

Sherman, Samson 57 

Sherman, Sarah, (4) '<8 

Sherman, Sarah Ann, (7) li.'4 

Sloan, John |113 

Sloan, Martha 

Slocum, Ann 56 

Slocum, Charles 87 

Slocum, Desire , ^7 

Slocum, Edward 56 

Slocum, Samuel 56 

Slocum, William 87 

Smith, Alice, (3) 41 

Smith, Benjamin 131 

Smith, David, (3) 41 

Smith, Ebenezer 69 

Smith, Ephrlam 69 

Smith, Israel, (3) 41 

Smith, Jeremiah, (3) 41 

Smith, Joseph 41 

Smith, Joseph, (3) 41 

Smith, Liddia, (3) 41 

Smith, Richard 23, 66, 66 

Smith, Robert, (3) 41 

Smith, Sarah, (3) 41 

Smith, William, (3) 41 

Sovell, Thomas 68 

Spaulding, William A 133 

Spencer, Ann 126 

Spencer, Benjamin, (5) 76 

Spencer, Elizabeth 34 

Spencer, EJIxabeth, (5) "iS 

Spencer, Gardner, (6> 105 

Spencer, George, (5) 84 

Spencer, Isaac, (5) 75 

Spencer, Isabel, (6) 84 

Spencer, John 76. 84 

Spencer, John, (6) 78 

Spencer, May, (5) 75 

Spencer, Mehitable i^d, 183. 134. 135 

Spencer, Michael, (5) 84 

Spencer, Nicholas, (5) 84. 86 

Spencer, Peleg 76 

Spencer, Sarah, (5) 75 

Spencer, Silas 86. 106 

Spencer, Silas, <5) 84 

Spencer, Weight, (6) 76 

Spink, Ishmael 75 

Spink, Robert ..., 68 

Spooner Alien 126 

Stafford, Amos . . .' 95 

Stanton, Abigail G., (6) 107 

Stanton, Gardiner, (6) 107 


SUnton, Henry, (6) 107 

Stanton, John 42 

Stanton, Joseph 107 

Stanton, Joseph Col 86. 107 

Stanton, Malborough, (6) 107 

Stanton, Mary M 4€ 

Stanton, Robert 30. 31 

Stanton, William Hon 45 

Starr, Jared 112 

Stewart, Dorothy 107 

Stewart, George 107 

Stewart, Hannah 116 

Stillman, Ormus 122 

Straight, Sara 132 

Sweet, Benony 73 

Sweet, Daniel 68 

Taber, Samuel 115 

Tabor, Nancy 132 

Tanner, Henry 117 

Tanner, Samuel 129 

Tanner, Sarah 129 

Taylor, Freelove 114 

Taylor, Mary 69. 108. 109. 110 

Taylor, Sarah 119 

Tefft, Abigail 92 

Tefft, Elizabeth 62 

Tefft, George 98 

Tefft, James 93 

Tefft, John 36 

Tefft, Mary 36, 57 

Tefft, Soloman 93 

Tefft, Tabltha 35 

Thomas, George 101. 103 

Thomas, Martha 101. 103 

Thomas, Mary 64 

Thurston, Edward 50 

Thurston, Elizabeth 113 

Thurston, John 113 

Thurston, Mary 60. 113 

Thurston, Peleg 113 

Thurston, William 50 

Tibblts, Dorcas 46 

TibblU, Dorcas, (5) 75 

Tibblts, George, (5) 75 

Tibblts, Nathaniel, (5) 76 

Tilllnghast, James 107 

Tililnghast, John 128 

Tilllnghast, Mercy 128 

Tililnghast, Pardon 100. 12S 

Tilllnghast, Ruth 97. 103. 131. 133 

Tipplts, Henry 68 

TIsdale, Susan A 141 

TIsdale, William 141 

Torrey, Joseph, 89 

Tory, John 9S 

Tripp, Caleb, (5) S4 

Tripp, Catherine 136 

Tripp, Isabella 67 


RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 



Tripp, Job 48 

Tripp, Lydia, <5) 84 

Tripp, Mary, (5) 84 

Tripp, Peleg, (5) 84 

Tripp, Tabltha, (5) 84 

Truman, Rebecca 112 

Turpin, William 46 

Tyler, John 27 


Updike, Abigail 69, 109 

Updike, Abigail, (6) 109 

Updike, Alfred, (6) 199 

Updike, Anstis, (6) 109 

Updike, Daniel, (6) 109 

Updike, Gilbert, (6) 109 

Updike, James, (6) 109 

Updike, Lodowick 68. 73. 109, 118 

Updike, Lodowick, (6) 109 

Updike, Mary, (6) 109 

Updike, Richard 73 

Updike, Samuel 109 

Updike, Sarah, (6) 109 

Updike, Wllklns 26. 109 

Updike, vi/llklns, (6) 109 

Vaughn, William 30 

Vlall, Anstresa, (5) 78 

Vlall, Joseph 78 

Vlall, Mary, (5) 78 

Vincent, Deborah 103, 125 

Vinin,Robert 68 


Walte, Benjamin 44 

Walte, Dorothy 90 

Walte, Hannah 126, 128 

Walte, Judge 120 

Waistcoat, Caleb 93 

Vwalker, Abigail, (3) 42 

Walker, Ann, (3) 42 

Walker, Archibald 41. 42 

Walker, Charlev, (3) 42 

Walker, Hezeklah, (3) 42 

Walker, Nathan, (3) 42 

Walker, Susan, (3) 42 

Wanton, Elizabeth 66. 70. 113. 114 

Wanton, Francis 112 

Wanton, John 113 

Wanton, Peter GO 

Wanton, Phillip 113 

Ward, Thomas 42 

Warden, Jeremiah 62 

Warson, John 118 

Washington, General 21. 94 

Watson, Abby, (6) 118 

Watson, Ann, (3) 57. (4) 57, 64 

Watson, Asa, (6) 116 

Watson, Benjamin 56 

Watson, Borden, (6) 119 


Watson, Bridget, (6) 119 

Watson, Desire, (6) 119 

Watson, Dorcas ..92. 97; (4), 57, 64, 78 

Watson, Edward Thurston 60 

Watson, Elisha 119. (4) 64. (5) 116. (6) 116 

Watson, Elizabeth, (6) 116 

Watson, Francis, (3) 56 

Watson, Freeborn, (4) 66 

Watson. Freelove, (4; 64 

Watson, Freeman, (6) 116 

• Watson, George, (6) 116. 119 

Watson, Hannah, (4) 64. (6) 119 

Watson, Hazard, (4) 56 

Watson, Herodias, (3) 57 

Watson, Isabella 119. (5) 116. (6) 118 

Watson, Jeffery 34. 49. (4) 64 

Watson, Job (5) 119, (6) 119 

Watson, John, 30. 89, 50, 69. Ill, 116. 

118, 119, (4) 64, (6) 119, (6) 119 

Watson, Joseph D, (6) 116 

Watson, Margaret, (4) 56 

Watson, Mary 119. (4) 56. 64, (6) 116 

Watson, Miriam, (6) 116 

Watson, Nicholas, (4) 66 

Watson, Phebe 116, 119 

Watson, Robert (4) 56. (6) 119 

Watson, Rufus, (6) 119 

Watson, Samuel (3) 56. (4) 56 

Watson, Silas, (4) 66 

Watson, Stephen 116 

Watson, Thomaa, (6) 119 

Watson, Waiter. .^3. (5) 118, (6) 118, 119 

Watson Wheeler (6) 119 

Watson, Wiii'am....(3) 56, (4) 56. (6) 116 

Weaver, George 84 

Weaver, Jonathan 84 

Webster, Noah Dr 96 

Weeden, Catherine 119 

Weeden, John 93 

Weeden, Phebe 119 

Weight, John 93 

Wells, Ann, (4) 57 

Wells,Dorcas, <4) , .57 

Wells, James, (4) 57 

Wells, John, (^) 57 

Wells, Mary, (4) 57 

Wells, Peter, (4) 57 

Wells, Rebecca, (4) 57 

Wells, Samuel, (4) 57 

West, Watey 91 

Westcott, Benjamin 56, (4), 56 

Westcott, Bethia, (4) 56 

Westcott, Dorcas, (4) 66 

Westcott. Eleanor 35 

Westcott, Hannah, (4) 56 

Westcott, Jeremiah 55 

Westcott, Joslah 36, 49. 55. (4), 56 

Westcott, Phebe, (4) 56 

Westcott. Samuel, (4) 56 

Westcott. Stetely 49 

Westcott, Stutey, (4) 66 



RHODE ISLAND— Continued. 


Wheeler, Desire 92, 119 

Wheeler, Mercy 92, 132 

Wheeler, Thomas 92, 119 

White, John Rev 27 

Whitford, Job 87 

Whitman, John 68, SO 

WIckes, Alice 118 

Wickee, Elizabeth 121 

WIckham, Benjamin 60 

Wilbur, Chloe 125 

Wilcox, Clarissa 140 

Wilcox, George W 140 

Wilcox, Katherlne 129 

Wilcox, Mary E 140, 147 


Willet, Francis 69, 73 

Wlllet, Mary 60, 114 

Williams, Ann E 148 

Williams, David 114 

Williams, Mercy 119 

Willis, Mercy' A 147 

Wilson, George 93 

Wilson, Sam 68 

Wiitbank, Mary White 137 

Wood, Rebecca 126, 128 

Wyatt, Syivanus Ill 

Young, Mary 45 



Abel, Fannie 164 

Abel, Lucy 164 

Adams, Caroline 156 

Arnold, James 160 

Avery, Elizabeth 166 

Baker, Emily J 157, 169 

Baker, Marshall 167 

Beckwith, John L 164 

Billings, Mary B 162 

Bingham, Charles Dr 156 

Blake, Elizabeth 160 

Boss, C. D 164 

Bulkeiey, Charles Edwin, (8) 167 

Bulkeley, Eliphaiet A 166, 167. 168 

Bulkeiey, Eliphaiet A, (8) 167 

Bulkeley, John C 167 

Bulkeiey, Mary, (8) 157 

Bulkeiey, Morgan G., (8).... 167, 158, 169 

Bulkeley, William H., (8) 157 

Burke, Mr 162 

Buttle*, Robert 162 

Butts, Luclnda 156 

Chappell, Gardner T. Rev 164 

Chappeii, Mary Adelaide 164 

Churchill, Mary B 156 

Clark, Elizabeth 162, 165, 166 

Clark, Lyman 163 

Clark, Matilda 163 

Comstock, Carrie 163 

Comstock, Fitch 8 163 

Comstock, Ira 163 

Congdon, 150 

Crary, Martha 153 

Crocker, Violate 154 

Crocker, William 154 

Culver, George Dr 163 


Davis, William 163 

Dobson, Thomas 161 

Fanning, Maria 153 

Fanning, Thomas 153 

Foots, Mary 159, 162 

Fisk, Mary E 153 

Fitch, Allah 150, 153 

Fitch, Alice 150 

Fitch, Daniel 160 

Gardner, Andrew Jackson 163 

Gardner, Benjamin B 162 

Gardner, Carrie 163 

Gardner, Champlln 162 

Gardner, Charles B 162 

Gardner, Christopher 162, 163 

Gardner, Douglas W 162 

Gardner, Elizabeth 152 

Gardner, Ella 163 

Gardner, Emily J 160 

Gardner, Harriet 162, 163 

Gardner, Harry Chappell 164 

Gardner, Henry 162, 163 

Gardner, James 154 

Gardner, James Isham 164 

Gardner, James Morgan 163 

Gardner, Jedidiah 164 

Gardner, Jemima 164 

Gardner, John 154 

Gardner, Lucy 162 

Gardner, Lucy Wheeler 163 

Gardner, Lydia 162 

Gardner, LydIa Elizabeth 163 

Gardner, Martha 155 

Gardner, Mary Miner 162, 163 

Gardner, Mercy 162, 163 

Gardner, Phebe 154 



CONNECTICUT— Continued. 


Gardner, Rebecca 154 

Gardner, Ruf ue 162 

Gardner, Silas 156 

Gardner, Strong Grlswola 164 

Gardner, Thomas W 163 

Gardner, Uriah 154 

Gardner, Violate 163 

Gardner, Wealthy Ann 163 

Gardner, William B 162 

Gardner, Stephen 149, 150, 151 


Gardner, Abigail 149 

Gardner, Amy 149 

Gardner, Benjamin 149 

Gardner, Daniel 149. 151. 152 

Gardner, David 149, 150, 151 

Gardner, Hannah 149 

Gardner, Jonathan 149. 150, 151, 153 

Gardner, Lydia 149 

Gardner, Mehltable 149 

Gardner, Peregrjne 149 

Gardner, Sarah 149 

Gardner, Stephen 149, 152 

Gardner, William 153 



Gardner, Abigail 

Gardner, Amy 

Gardner, Anne 

Gardner, Anatress 

Gardner, Bathsheba 

Gardner, Benjamin 150 

Gardner, Content 150 

Gardner, Daniel 151, 152, 155, 156 

Gardner, David 151, 156 

Gardner, Desire 150 

Gardner, Elizabeth 151 

Gardner, Ezeklel 150 

Gardner, Isaac 150 

Gardner, James 151 

Gardner, Jonathan 150. 151, 154, 156 

Gardner, Lemuel 150, 152, 153 

Gardner, Lydia 152 

Gardner, Margaret 150 

Gardner, Preserve 150 

Gardner, Sarah 150, 151 

Gardner, Simeon 150 

Gardner, Stephen 151 

Gardner, Sylvester 151 

Gardner, Thomas 155 

Gardner, William 151 


Gardner, Almira 163 

Gardner, Amassa 153 

Gardner, Amelia 153 

Gardner, Anstress 151 

Gardner, Artemas 151 

Gardner, Azel 151, 156 

Gardner, Charles 162 

Gardner, Clark 152, 156, 157 

Gardner, Daniel 152 

Gardner, David 151 

Gardner, Ebenezer 152 

Gardner, Elizabeth 152 

Gardner, Erastus 161 

Gardner, Frederick 155 

Gardner, Jabez • 151 

Gardner, John •. . 156 

Gardner, John F 153 

. Gardner, Jerusha 151, 154, 157 

Gardner, Lorlnda 153 

Gardner, Luclnda 151 

Gardner, Mary 151, 155 

Gardner, Nicholas 152. 165 

Gardner, Roderick 151, 154. 157 

Gardner, Solomon ^ 151 

Gardner, Sarah 153 

Gardner, Sidney 153 

Gardner, Sylvester 152 


Gardner, Abigail 156 

Gardner, Adoiphus Morgan 154 

Gardner, Albert 153, 156 

Gardner, Albert Avery 154 

Gardner, Amy 156 

Gardner, Ann 156 

Gardner, Andrew Jackson 154 

Gardner, Anson 154 

Gardner, Austin 154. 157. 159, 160 

Gardner, Charles 156 

Gardner, Charles Henry 153 

Gardner, Cyrus 156 

Gardner, Daniel 152 

Gardner, Darius 156 

Gardner, Dyer Hyde 134 

Gardner, Ebenezer 156, 157, 159 

Gardner, Elisha Minor 154 

Gardner, Elizabeth Clark 155 

Gardner, Elsa 152 

Gardner, Emma Elizabeth 154 

Gardner, Eunice Right 155 

Gardner, Francis 156 

Gardner, Frederick Leser 153 

Gardner, George 162 

Gardner, Giles 152 

Gardner, Helen 153 

Gardner, Henry 153 

Gardner, Jabez .- 152 

Gardner, Jemima 152 

Gardner, Lucius Leander 154 

Gardner, Mary 153, 156 

Gardner, Mary Miranda 154 

Gardner, Nicholas G 155 

Gardner, Robert Dixon 166 

Gardner, Robinson 156 

Gardner, Russell Smith 154 

Gardner, Sarah Ann 153 



CONNECTICUT— Continued. 

Qardner, Sidney Alfred 163 

Gardner, Simeon Stewart 156 

Gardner, Stephen 156 


Gardner, Alva Frances 149, 166 

Gardner, Charles 166 

Gardner, Edward E 167 

Gardner, Dwight Baker 169 

Gardner, Frederick Robinson 159 

Gardner, Jenevleve Theresa 167 

Gardner, Harry D. J 167, 169, 160 

Gardner, Henry Vibber 169, 160. 162 

Gardner, Joanna Foote 167 

Gardner, Lester Cotton 157 

Gardner, Norton 166 

Gardner, Orrin 166 

Gardner, Samuel Ostin 167, 169 


Gardner, Amy L 169 

Gardner, Charles Henry 160 

Gardner, Ella 161 

Gardner, Frank Norton 166 

Gardner, Frederick 161 

Gardner, George E 

Gardner, Harold Irving 159 

Gardner, Harriet Foote 169 

Gardner, Linda B 169 

Gardner, Maretta 161 

Gardner, Mary Watson 169 


Gardner, Anson Blake 160 

Gardner, Arthur 160 

Gardner, Charles Henry 160, 161 

Gardner, Edward Summerv 160 

Gardner, Irvine Parker 160, 161 

Gardner, William Thaw 160. 161 

GIbbs, Elizabeth 153 

Glllett. Harvy 155 

Glover, Eveline 166 

Goddard, Earnestine M 164 

Gustin, Jemima 160, 161 

Handy, Charles 163. 

Handy, John MaJ 154 

Harding, Elizabeth 156. 157 

Harding, Stephen Capt 156 

Harris, Lydia 1S2 

Hart, Charles Dr 161 

Hazard, Mary 149 

Hewitt, Geo. W 163 

Hicks, Emma 155 

Hill, Mary J 160 

Holmes, Dennis 151, 156 

Houghton, Caroline L 15S 

Houghton, Frances B 158 


Houghton, Mary 150, 161 

Houghton, James F 158 

Hyde. Jerusha 161 

Ingham, Diana 165 

Jackson, Margaret M 190 

Jackson, President 162 

Jackson, William B 160 

Jenkins, Amy, (6) 152 

Jenkins, Benjamin, <6) 152 

Jenkins, John, (6) 152 

Jenkins, Thomas, <6) 152 

Jenkins, Wilkes, <6> 152 

Jenkins, William, <6) 152 

Kenyon, Edith Rosamond 164 

KIssick, Robert 163 

Kissick, Robert Gardner 163 

Lathrop, Jemima 160, 153 

Lathrop, Jededlah 153 

Lathrop, Mary 150 

Lathrop, Phebe 154 

Lathrop, Sybil 154 

Lattlmer, Nellie 156 

Leach, Thomas 156 

Lefnngwell, Chrlvtopher Rev 153 

Lewis, Jessie 161 


Manwaring, Mary E 163 

Metcalf, Olive 161 

Miles, Edward 165 

Miner, Amy 164, 157 

Miner, Mary 163 

Miner, Stephen 163 

McKibben, James 162 

Morgan, Avery Col 164, 167 

Morgan, LydIa S., (7) 167, 158 

Morgan, Wealthy Ann 163 

Morgan, William 154 

Morgan, Richard R 163 

Mowery, Hannah 149 


Newton, Elizabeth W 155 

Noble, Betsey 167 

Northup, Lucy 155 

Northup, Stephen 155 

Olmstead, Jonathan 155 


CON NECTICUT— Continued. 


Packer, Miss 162 

Parker, Annie 160 

Powers, John W3 

Powers, Joshua 163 

Powers, Samuel 163 

Powers, Wealthy Ann 163 

Robinson, John 149 

Robinson, Susannah 149 

Robinson, Thomas E. Dr 163 

Rogers, Amy 166 

Rogers, Ellsha M 156 

Rogers, Flora 163 

Rogers, George F 163 

Rogers, James S 162, 163 

Rogers, Jehial 162 

Rogers, Mary 162 

Rogers, ZIrah 163 

Ross, Fannie 166 

Sherman, Amy 149 

Sherman, Benjamin 149 

Sherwood, Sarah 150 

Smith, Bathsheba 161, 162 

Smith, Jonathan 161 

Smith, Lydia 164 

Smith, Richard 151 

Stark, Jerusha Hyde 161, 154. 165 

Stark, Silas 151 

Stewart, Abigail, (6) 153 


Stewart, Anna, (6) 158 

Stewart, Ann, (7) 168 

Stewart, Daniel, (6) 168 

Stewart, Frances, (6) 163 

Stewart, Hannah, (6) 163 

Stewart, Mary, (6) 163 

Stewart, Matthew, (6) 153 

Stewart, Walter, (6) 163 

Stewart, William, (6) 163 

Swan, Lucy 156 

Talntor, Sally 167 

Vibber, Amy 156 


Watson, John 149 

Welch, Matilda D 167, 16a 

Whaley, Charles L., (6) 153 

Whaiey, David C, <6) 153 

Whaley, Jane, (6) 153 

Whaley, Levi 153 

Whaley, Levi Q., (6) 153 

Whaley, Maria, (6) 153 

Whaley, Mary Ann, (6) 153 

Whaiey, Sarah Ann, (6) 153 

Whaiey, Theodore Dwight, (6) 153 

Wilkes, Phebe Q 135 

Winthrop, Gov 153 

WInthrop, Jane 158 

Wright, Sarah 153 



Allen, Augustus, (6) 169 

Allen, Charles, (6) 169 

Allen, Edward, (6) 169 

Allen, Eleanor, (6) . . . .' 169 

Allen, Frederick Hon 169 

Allen, Hannah (6) 169 

Allen, Margaret, (6) 169 

Allen, Richard 171 

Allen, Sarah 171 

Ashburner, Anne 173 

Bangs, Alice 175 

Bangs, Edward 175 

Bolb, Edward 172, (9) 172 

Boib, Florence, (9) 172 

Bolb, Jane Hubbard, (9) 172 

Bolb, John, (9) 172 

Bolb, Julia Overing 172 

Billings, Edmund 177 


Bradford, Gov 166 

Brown, Arthur 168, (6) 169, (7) 169 

Brown, George Townsend, (6) 169 

Cabot, Mary Qeraldlne, (10) 172 

Cabot, William Robinson 172 

Chadwick, Elizabeth Jones 173 

Codman, Robert Rev 176 

Crownshleld, Jacob 174 

Cushlng^Allce, (9) 172 

Cushing, Grafton Delaney, (9) 172 

Cushing, Howard Gardner, <9) 172 

Cushing, John 172 

Cushing, John Gardner G., (9) 172 

Cushing, Mary Louisa. .. .(8) 172. (9) 172 

Cushing, Olivia, (9) 172 

Cushing, Robert Maynard, (8) 172 

Cushing, Thomas Forbev, (8) 172 

Cushing, William, (8) 172 



MAINE— Continued. 


De Blols, Francis 171. 174 

De Blois, Margaret 170, 174 

Dexter, Susan 172 

Dumaresq, Abigail, <6) 170 

Dumaresq, Ann, (6) 170 

Dumaresq, Coietta, (9) 174 

Dumaresq, Florence Saumerez, <8) 174 

Dumaresq, Frances Perkins, (8) 174 

Dumaresq, Francis (6) 170. (8) 174 

Dumaresq, Qeorge 174 

Dumaresq, Hannah, (6) 170 

Dumaresq, Herbert, (8) 174 

Dumaresq, James, (6)... 170. 171. 173, 174 

Dumaresq, James Saumerez, (8) 174 

Dumaresq, Jane Frances Rebecca, <7) 

171. 173 

Dumaresq, Lillian, (9) 174 

Dumaresq, Louisa, (7) 171 

Dumaresq, MargaretU....(8) 174. (9) 174 

Dumaresq, Peabody, (8) 174 

Dumaresq, Phillip 

..169. 171. (6) 170, (7) 171. 174. (9) 174 

Duramesq, Phillip Kearney, <8) 174 

Dumaresq, Rebecca, (6) 170 

Duramesq, Rogers, (8) 174 

Dumaresq, Sophia, (9) 174 

Dumaresq, Sylvester, (6) 170 

Elder, Isaac 171 

Elder, Mary Anne Osgood, i8) 171 

Ellerton, Alice 174 

Epps, Love 165 

Fales, Thomas 171 

Farwell, Ebenezer 171 

Farwell, Sarah 171. 173 174 

Ferguson, Charles Vaughn, <9)..172. 175 
Ferguson, Eleanor Margaret, (9). 172. 175 

Ferguson, Henry Rev 172. 174, 179 

Ferguson, Henry, <9) 175 

Ferguson, Henry Gardner, <9) 172 

Ferguson, John 170. 175 

Ferguson, Samuel, (9) 

172. 175. (10) 179 


Gardiner, William, (3) 165 

Gardiner, Hannah 177 

Gardiner, Sylvester Dr., (4) 

165. 166. 167. 168, 169. 177. 178 


Gardiner, Abigail 165. 169 

Gardiner, Ann 165. 168 

Gardiner, Hannah 165. 169.171 

Gardiner, James 165 

Gardiner, John 165. 168, 170 

Gardiner, Rebecca 165. 169, 171 

Gardiner, William 165 



Gardiner, Ann N 168 

Gardner, John Sylvester John 168. 172 

Gardiner, Robert Hallowell 

168, 171, 172, 173, 174, 17S 

Gardiner, William 168, 171 



' Gardiner, 

Anne Hallowell 171, 173 

Delia Tudor 171 

Eleanor Harriett 171 

Elizabeth 170 

Emma Jane 171 

Frederick.. 171, 172, 174, 175. 178 

George 171 

Henrietta 171 

John William Tudor 

1/1. 173, 175. 178 

Lucy Vaughn 171 

Margaret Harries 171 

Mary Anne 171 

Mary Louisa 170. 172 

Robert Hallowell 171 

William Howard 170. 172 


Gardiner, Alfred Anna 173 

Gardiner, Anna Hays 173 

Gardiner, Caroline Louisa 172 

Gardiner, Charles Perkins 172 

Gardiner, Edward 172 

Gardiner, Eleanor 173 

Gardiner^ Emma Jane 172. 179 

Gardiner, Francis Richard 173 

Gardiner, Frederick 173. 175 

Gardiner, Henrietta 173 

Gardiner, John Hays 173 

Gardiner, John Sylvester 172 

Gardiner, John Tudor 173 

Gardiner, Mary Cary 172 

Gardiner, Robert Hallowell 

173, 175. 176, 177, 178 

Gardiner, William 171 

Gardiner, William Prescott 172 

Gardiner, William Tudor 172 


Gardiner, Anna Lowell 175 

Gardiner, Alice 175 

Gardiner, Edward 172 

Gardiner, Eugenia 172 

Gardiner, Francis Vaughn 173 

(aardlner, Frederick Merick 172 

Gardiner, Mary Caroline 172 

Gardiner, Robert Hallowell 175 

Gardiner, Sylvester 176 

Gardiner, William Henry 175 

Gardiner, William Howard 172 

Gardiner, William Tudor 175 

Gay, Martin 169 

Gibbons, Ann 166. 168. 169 



MAIN E— Continued. 


Gibbons, John Dp ^^^ 

Gildden, Emma Fields 1"2 

Goldtwalt, Catherine 165 

Gow, Charles ^^0 

Halloweil, Anna, (6) 169 

Hallowell, Hannah, (6) 169 

Hailowell, Nancy, (6) 169 

Hallowell, Rebecca, (6) 169 

Hailowell, Robert 169. (6) 169 

Harries, Margaret 168, 170, 171 

Hays, Ann Elizabeth 173, 1^5 

Hays, John 

Howard, Cora 


.170, 172 

Howard, Mary 

Howe, Laura Elizabeth 173 

Howe, Samuel G. Dr 173 

Hughes, Richard Sir 169 

Hughes, Rosa Mary 169 

Hunt, Eleanor, (9) 174 

Hunt, Enid Dumaresq, (9) 174 

Hunt, Mabel, (9) 174 

Hunt, Morris, (9) 174 

Hunt, Paul, (9) 174 

Hunt, William Morris 174 

Hurlbert, Sophia 174 

Jarvis, William Nye 172 

Jones, George 171 

Jones, Sarah Fenwick 171 

Knight, Sarah 167 


Perkins, Handasyde 172 

Perkins, Henry Dumaresq, (9) 174 

Perkins, Jesse Grant, (9) 173. 

Perkins, Louisa Dumaresq, (8) 174 

Perkins, Mary, (9) 173 

PerKins, Phillip Dumaresq, (8) 174 

Perkins, Singleton, (9) 174 

Perkins, Thomas Handasyde. 173. (8) 173 

Perkins, Winifred Scott, (9) 174 

Price, Margaret 179 

Remington, Abigail 163 

Rice, John 171 

Richards, Alice Maud, (9) 173 

Richards, Ann, (9) 173 

Richards, Anne Halioweil, (9) 173 

Richards, Dorothy, (9) 173 

Richards, Francis 173 

Richards, Francis Ashburner, (9) 173 

Richards, Frances Gardner, (8) 173 

Richards, George, (8) 173 

Richards, George Henry, (8) 173 

Richards, Henry, (8) 173 

Richards, Henry Howe, (9) 173 

Richards, John, (9) 173 

Richards, John Tudor, (8) 173 

Richards, Julia Ward, (9) 173 

Richards, Laura Elizabeth, (9) 173 

Richards, Madelene, (9) 173 

Richards, Maud, (9) 173 

Richards, Robert Hailowell, (8) 173 

Richards, Rosalind, (9)! 173 

Richards, Ruth, (9) 173 

Richards, Sarah, (8) 173 

LIthgow, Alfred, (7) 171 

Llthgow, James N 170 

LIthgow, Llewellyn, (7) 171 

Llthgow, Louisa, (7) 171 


McSparren, James Rev Iu5 

Merrick, Sally 173, 175 

Merrick, William Henry 175 

Mifflin, Sophia 172 


Nelson, Margaret Patterson, (8) 171 

Nelson, Thomas 171 

Perkins, Augustus Thorndike, (8) 174 

Perkins, Caroline 172 

Perkins, Elizabeth Green, (9) 174 

Perkins, Francis Codman, (8) 174 

Sullivan, Richard 171 

Tallman, Caroline 171 

Timmins, Susan Hammond 174 

Tudor, Emma Jane 171, 172, 173 

Vaughn, Caroline 172, 174, 175 

Vaughn, William 172 


West, Ann Elizabeth 173, 175 

Wheatland, Florence Dumaresq, (10). 174 

Wheatland, George 174 

Wheatland, Phillip Dumaresq, (9) 174 

Wheatland, Pratt, (10) 174 

Whipple, Hannah B., (6) 169 

Whipple, Oliver 169 

Whipple, Sylvester Gardner, (6) 169 

Wilks, John 168. 





Abbott, Elisha Rev 234 

Abbott, Frank Waylard 234 

Abbott, Wlllard, (8) 234 

Adams, Alvln 274 

Adams, Dorlisca J 274 

Adams, Florence, (9) 268 

Adams, Frances 268 

Adams, Francis, (9) 268 

Adams, Mabel, (9) 263 

Allen, Polly 209, 234, 235 

Allen, Saphronia 226 

Alien, Riveria .246 

Allen, Susanna ...219 

Alley, Anna Louisa, (8) 233 

Alley, Delia 232 

Alley, John 200, 233 

Ammerman, Lucy 207 

Anderson, George 219 

Appier, Mercy A 237. 260 

Appleton, Daniel Fuller, (9) 266 

Appleton, Edith Cushman, (9) 265 

Appleton, Floyd Rev., (9).. 192, 266, 281 

Appleton, James Glen 215 

Appleton, James Samuel, (8) 216 

Appleton, Madelaine, (9) 265 

Appleton, Osgood, (9) 266 

Appleton, Samuel G. Rev 216 

Appleton, William Gardner, (8).. 266, 281 

Armltage, J 231 

Arnold, Amy 200, 230, 231 

Ashley, Qenevra Juliet, (8) 229 

Ashley, Helen M., (8) 229 

Ashley, James, <9) 229 

Ashley, James Alton, (8) 209, 229 

Ashley, Joseph Alton, (9) 229 

Ashley, Lucy, (9) 229 

Ashley, Madge Laura, (9) 276 

Ashley, Marcus Henry, (8) 229, 276 

Ashley, Marcus Prentiss 209, 229 

Ashley, Maud Emma, (9) 276 

Ashley, Myrtle Cynthia, (9) 229 

Ashley, Warren, (9) 229 

Ashley, William Henry, (10) 276 

Ashley, William Prentiss, (9) 276 

Avery, MIna 270 

Aten, Fred 215 

Aten, Gertrude, (10) 215 

Aten, Harriet, (10) 216 

Aten, Leota, (10) 216 

Ayiesworth, Amy (Almy) 185, 196 

Babcock, Kate 221 

Babcock, Susanna 197 

Baldwin, Fowler 216 

Baldwin, Sarah Julia 216 

Baker, Bertha 221 

Baker, Bertha Alice, (10) 284 


Ballershal, Martha 262 

.Barker, Ethel May, (10) 284 

Barker, George Ely 251 

Barker, Melvin 284 

Barker, Walter 251 

Bartholomew, Cecelia (7) 208 

Bartholomew, John 20S 

Bartholomew, Lewis, (7) 208 

Bartholomew, Nellie M 257 

Bartholomew, R. N 257 

Bartholomew, Sarah, (7) 20S 

Barringer, Albert P 278 

Barrlnger, Eunice Fanning 278 

Beattie, Beulah, (10) 263 

Beattie, Harry, (9) 222 

Beattie, Harvy 222 

Beattie, Jennie Catherine, (10) 263 

Beattie, Minnie, (9) 222 

Beattie, Ruby Deborah, (10) 2GZ 

Beattie, William 263 

Beauchamp, Mary Elizabeth 213 

Beaumont, Cynthia 220 

Becker, Frank B 240 

Bennett, Emma 237 

Bennett, Stephen 237 

Benson, Hartwell 270 

Bevler, Mary Cornelia 271 

Bills, Perry £08 

Bllllngton, Joseph 184 

Blackburn, William Alexander 247, 248 

BIy, Caleb, (8).....^. 242 

BIy, Frederick, (8*) 242 

BIy, Melvlna, (8) 242 

BIy, Nancy, (8) 242 

BIy, Rensselaer 242 

Boardman, George B 245 

Boardman, Sarah 215 

Borden, Joiephlne 263 

Bostwick, Frances Cornelia 246 

Bostwick, Garrit 246 

Boughton, Harriet 238 

Boyd, Mary 209. 229 

Bradish, Achsah 213 

Brewster, William 214 

Briggs, Benjamin, (8) 226 

Briggs, Edith 253 

Briggs, Harriet, (8) 226 

Briggs, Howard 223, (8) 226 

Briggs, James, (8) 226 

Briggs, Maria, (8) 326 

Briggs, Mary Ann, (8) 226 

Briggs, NIcholav 226 

Briggs, Orlando 253 

Brockway, Aionzo, (7) 197 

Brockway, Alse, (7) 197 

Brockway, Alse Q., (6) 187. 197 

Brockway, Benjamin, (6) 187 

Brockway, David, (7) 197 

Brockway, Elizabeth, (6) 187 





Brockway, George, <6) 187. 197 

Brockway, George W., (7) 197 

Brockway, Henry, (7) 197 

Brockway, Hiram Franklin, (7) 197 

Brockway, Jesse, <6) 1S7 

Brockway, John 8., (7) 197 

Brockway, Juvtua 1^7 

Brockway, Justus, (6) 187. (7) 197 

Brockway, Lucy, (C) 187. 197 

Brockway, Orlando, <7) 197 

Brockway, Polly, (7) 197 

Brockway, Sally Ann (7).. 197 

Brockway, Samuel (6).... 187. 197, (7) 197 

Brockway, Silas, (7) 197 

Brockway, Simeon, (6) 187 

Brockway, Susan, (7) 197 

Brockway, Susan Maria, (7) 197 

Brockway, Susanna, (7) 197 

Brockway, Thankful, (6) 187 

Britton, Hannah 190 

Brown, Arthur M., (9) 260 

Brown, Horace 266 

Brown, Johnson Butler 267 

Brown, Joseph 259 

Brown, Martha 189, 199, 200 

Brown, Mary Elizabeth W 267 

Brown, Mildred M., (9) 260 

Brown, Myrtle M., (9) 260 

Brown, Randall 242 

Brown, Reuben 'S 269 

Brown, Sarah 232 

Brown, Walter W., (9) 260 

Budlong, Charles .*. 290 

Budlong, Flora, (11) 290 

Budlong, Mettle, (11) 290 

Budlong, Ruth, (11) 290 

Bull, Doris, (11) 290 

Bull, Dorothy, (11) 290 

Bull, Edward, (10) 288 

Bull, Frank J., (9) 264, 288. 290 

Bull, Harry, (10) 288. 290 

Bull, Ida Belle, (9) 264 

Bull, Josephine, (10) 288. 290 

Bull, Ralph 264 

Burroughs, Judith 278 

Bush, 217 

Caikinr, Anna Belle.., 
Cameron, Florence ... 

Carncross, Betsey 

Carpenter, Bishop W. 


Carpenter, C. Lockwood, (9) 249. 290 

Carpenter, C. Whitney, (10) 29o 

Carpenter, Fanny 193 

Carpenter, Hiram A 249, 289 

Carpenter, Howard Doty, (9) 249 

Carpenter, Margaret L., (10) 290 

Carpenter, Mary O, (9) ^ 249 

Carpenter, May 249 

Casey, Catherine 262 


Chace, Bernice, (9) 269 

Chace, Bessie Margaret, (9) 269 

Chace, Clarence De Forest, (9) 269 

Chace, Delia Louise, (8) 224 

Chace, Eioise Wintemoyeh, (9) 269 

Chace, Emeline Amelia, (8) 224 

Chace, George Gardner, (8) 224 

Chace, Harry Le Roy, (9) 269 

Chace, Helen Osborne, (lO) 269 

Chace, Margaret Jane, (10) 269 

Chace, Maryette, (8) 224. 268 

Chace, Palmer, (8) 224 

Chace, Robert Le Roy, (10) 269 

Chace, Robert Martin, (9) 269 

Chace, Sarah Gardner, (8) 224 

Chace, Sarah P., (8) 224, 269 

Chace, S. W. D. Rev 

223. 224. 226. 228. 229 

Chace, Wililam T., (8).... 224 

Chace, Wintemoyeh, (8) 224. 269 

ohaloner, Clarence Dr 253 

Chaloner, Mary A., (10) 253 

Chaioner, Reginald Gardner, (10) 263 

Chamberlain, Adeline 270 

Champiin, Mary 236. 237 

Chandler, Auriola, (8) 222 

Chandler, Bertha, (8) 223 

Chandler, Cyril 223 

.Chandler, Erastus 222 

Chandler^ Florence, (8) 223 

Chandler, George, (8) 222 

Chandler, Harriet, (8) 222 

Chandler, Lucy 221, 262. 263 

Chandler, Magdaiine, (8) 223, 265 

Chandler, Forest, (9) 269 

Chandler, Delia Louise (8) 224 

Cheesman, Alfred 276 

Cheesman, Bertha, (9) 275 

Cheesman, Clarence, (9) 276 

Cheesman, Elmer, (9) 275 

Cheesman, Frederick, (9) 276 

Cheesman, Llewellyn, (9). 276 

Chrlsler, Chester F., (8) 240 

Chrisler, Clarence, (8) 340 

Chrlsler, Edith M., (8) MO 

Chrisler, Elmer Todd, (9) 261 

Chrisler, F. Eugene, (8) 240. 261 

Chrisler, Florence 257 

Chrlsler, Helen M., (9) 261 

Chrisler, Taicott E 240 

Chrisler, William B 240 

Clark, Adam 186 

Clark, Almira 209 

Clark, Eilsha 184 

Clark, Lois A 221 

Cody, Ann 267 

Cogswell, Charlotte 241, 249, 250 

Cogswell, Sarah 202, 212, 214, 216 

Collin, Caroline 214, 244, 245 

Collin, David 214 

Compton, John 26T 





Connor, Henry 263 

Cooper, Almira W 278 

Copeland, Susie Howard 266 

Cornell, M. Allen 263 

Cottrell, Joshua 200 

Cottrell, Oliver 199 

Cowles, Russell 190 

Craig, Dorothy Mayhew, (10) 268 

Craig, Edith, (10) 268 

Craig, Eleanor Woodworth, (10) 268 

Craig, John W. Rev 268 

Crappo, Louise M 249, 289 

Crappo, Beth 249 

Crellor, Edna 263 

Cranston, Flora 288, 290 

Cranston, Henry 230 

Cranston, Susan 276 

Cranston, Thomas 203 

Culbertson, L. Amanda 290 

Culbertson, William J 248 

Davis, Hattle 261 

Davis, Mary L 286 

Dawley, Charlotte 211, 236 

Dawley, Delbert 8., (8) 236 

Dawley, Guy H., (8) 236 

Dawley, Helen C, (8) 236 

Dawley, James Edward, (7) 236 

Dawley, Job 211 

Dawley, Lois C, (7) 211 

Dawley, Louisa 196. 233 

Dawley, Lydia 190, 193 

Dawley, Peleg 193 

Dawley, Rodney 211, 236 

Dawley, Silas G., (7) 236 

Dawley, Truman, (8) 236 

Dean, Sophia 226 

Deshon, George D., (9) 266 

Deshon, George P 266 

Deshon, l\4arJorle, (10) 266 

Deshon, Percy, (10) 266 

Dezoteli, Liontine E 212 

Dobson, i\1yrtle Chase, (10) 268 

Dodd, Elizabeth Carpenter, (10) 289 

Dodd, I. 8. F 289 

Dodd, Spencer S., (10) 289 

Doty, Albert, (8) 241 

Doty, Amy 241, 248 

Doty, Elizabeth 249 

Ooty, Elizabeth G 241, 289 

Doty, Leonard 182, 241, 248, 249 

Douglas, Asa 181. 187 

Douglas, Eunice 216 

Douglas, Stephen A 201, 235 

Douglas, William 181 

Dubois, Joseph Oliver 267 

Dubois, Katheryn 267 

Durney, Oeorgiana 267 

Dye, Amanda 283 

Dyer, Caroline, (8) 216 


Dyer, Cynthia 200, 233. 279 

Dyer, Eliphalet 200 

Dyer, George 189, 201 

Dyer, Hannah, (7) 201, 216 

Dyer, Horace, (7) 201, 215, (8) 216 

Dyer, Llilie Louise 216 

Dyer, Louisa, (8) 216 

Dyer, Mary, (7) 201 

Dyer, Milton, (7) 201, 216 

Dyer, Nancy, (7) 201 

Dyer, Nicholas, (7) 201 

Dyer, Samuel 201. 216 

Dyer, Sarah, (7) 201 

Dyer, Sarah, (8) 216. 280 

Dyer, Sherrii, (8) 216 

Eagen, Anna 263 

Earl, E. A 231 

Eddy, George S. Dr 266 

Eddy, George Stetson, (10) 266 

Eels, Prisciiia : 257 

Egberts, Benjamin F 189 

Eidrldge, Alice L., (10) 288 

Eldrldge, Ella J 236 

Eidrldge, Fern 288 

Eidrldge, Griffln 192, 199 

Eidrldge, Helen S 236 

Eldridge, Lyman 199 

Eidrldge, Mabel Grace, (10) 288 

Eidrldge, Mary 211. 236 

Eldridge, Phebe Josephine 246 

Ely, Esther ^ 200, 280. 277 

Ely, Lucretia 232 

Ely, Lydia 250 

Erickson, Francis C 276 

Erickson, Lawrence, (10) 276 

Erickson, Milton Kenneth 275 

Erickson, Theron, (10) 275 

Erickson, Sarah 227 

Estill, Anna Masters, (10) 282 

Estill, Cornelius, (10) 282 

Estill, David Hudson, (10) 282 

Estill, Josephine May, (10) 2S2 

Estill, Russell 282 

Estill, Wlimer 282 

Fairbanks, Eliza A 279 

Fanning, Elizabeth 278 

Fellows, Abbie, (9) 259 

Fellows, Alice A., (8) 2S8. 259 

Fellows, Amanda P., (9) 257 

Fellows, Avis A., (9) 257 

Fellows, Clara I., (8) 238, 258 

Fellows, Chester N., (8) 239 

Fellows, David 238, 239 

Fellows, David Clayton, (9) 257 

Fellows, David H., (8) 23» 

Fellows, David Harvey 239, 257 

Fellows, Dorcas E., (9) 257 





Fellows, Elbert G., (8) 257 

Fellows, Ellle J., (8) 238, 258 

Fellows, Emma, (8) 238 

Fellows, Frank C, (9) 257 

Fellows, Frank E., (8) 239 

Fellows, George N., (8) 239 

Fellows, Gilbert Claire, (9) 257 

Fellows, Harry, (9) 259 

Fellows, Harry Leith, (9) 257 

Fellows, Helen M., (8) 238 

Fellows, J. Herbert, (8) 239 

Fellows, J. N 238, 258, 259 

Fellows, Joseph S. D., (9) 257 

Fellows, Kenneth E., (9) 257 

Fellows, Nellie E., (9) 259 

Fellows, Nlles 258 

Fellows, Raymond N., (9) 258 

Fellows, Sidney L., (8) 238. 257 

Fellows, Viola, (8) 238. 258 

Fellows, William, (8) 238. 259 

Fllmore, 282 

Fish, Dora 235 

Fish, Nellie 222 

Flagg, Alzada 271 

Flagler, Jane 262, 284. 285 

Flanders, Charles 256. 283 

Flanders, Clarence G., (9) 250, 283 

Flanders, Lola L., (9) 250, 283 

Flanders, Samuel 250 

Fletcher, Albert A 267 

Foster, Eliza 235 

Foster, Sally 217, 246 

Franklin, Beatrice, (10) 269 

Franklin, Donald, (10) 269 

Franklin, Edward Lynn, (9) 269 

Franklin George L., (9) 269 

Franklin, Irwin, (9) 269 

Franklin, Jack, (10) 269 

Franklin, James N 269 

Franklin, James Russell, (9) 269 

Franklin, John Herbert, (9) 269 

Franklin, Maud, (9) 269 

Franklin, Ruth, (10) 269 

Franklin, Sarah Chace, (10) 269 

Franklin, WIntemoyeh, (9) 269 

Freeman, Dacre 229 

French, Peter 208 

Fry, Ann 184, 190 

Ford, Charles MofHtt, (10) 288. 290 

Ford, Charles W 288. 290 

Ford, Edward Moffltt, (11) 290 

Ford, Ora Madeline, (11) 290 

Fowler, Frances 290 


Gardner, Nathaniel 1S4 

Gardner, Benjamin. . .184. 185. 187, 190. 194 
Gardner, Benony 194 


Gardner, Caleb 193 

Gardner, Ezeklel 194 

Gardner, Job 184, 187. 190 

Gardner, Joshua 187, 189 

Gardner, Sylvester 190, 193 


Gardner, Alse 187, 197 

Gardner, Amy 182 

Gardner, Ann 182 

Gardner, Augustus .^ 184 

Gardner, Benjamin ...jrfT 

182, 187, 188, 189, 193, 194, 198 

Gardner, Caleb B.182, 185, 186. 187, 193. 196 

Gardner, Daniel 193. 211, 212 

Gardner, George 194, 195. 208 

Gardner, Hannah 184 

Gardner, Ishmael 189 

Gardner, Job 190 

Gardner, Joseph 193. 194 

Gardner, Joshua 182, 184. 185 

Gardner, Mary 184 

Gardner, Nathaniel 

182. 189, 190, 194. 199, 200. 206, 207, 209 

Gardner, Othnlel 196, 207 

Gardner, Palmer. .. .189, 190, 191. 192. 

200. 201, 202, 203. 205, 206. 209 

Gardner, Samuel 184 

Gardner, Thomas 184 

Gardner, William 184 

Gardner, Abigail. 191, 193, 200, 211, 215, 210 

Gardner, Abner 194, 208 

Gardner, Adam 185 

Gardner, Aibon Crocker 195 

Gardner, Alice 188. 236 

Gardner, Amy. 185, 191. 206, 225, 226, 227 

Gardner, Asa 196 

Gardner, Benjamin 188, 190, 194, 209 

Gardner, Caleb 185, 186, 188 

Gardner, Charles 190, 207 

Gardner, Charlotte 190, 196 

Gardner, Christopher 198 

Gardner, Daniel 191. 209 

Gardner, Dorcas 

191, 194, 195. 201, 208. 216, 217, 218, 219 

Gardner, Ely 193, 211 

Gardner, Eliza 190 

Gardner, Elizabeth 188, 189, 196. 199 

Gardner, Eunice 18», 199, 206, 212.276 

Gardner, George 195, 196, 207, 208 

Gardner, Hannah 

189. 191, 209, 212, 228. 229 

Gardner, Howland 186 

Gardner, Isaac 194 

Gardner, Isabella 194 

Gardner, Jesse 196 

Gardner, Job 185, 190 

Gardner, John 

185, 190, 193, 196. 208 




Gardner, Joseph Nichols 

191, 203, 204, 221 

Gardner, Joshua.... 189, 191, 194, 200, 201 

Gardner, Lobdel 190 

Gardner, Lois 194 

Gardner, Lucy 191, 196 

Gardner, Lydia, 189, 191, 193, 200, 231, 

232, 233, 240, 241 

Gardner, Martha 189. 199, 231 

Gardner, Mary, 186. 189, 191, 194, 199, 

203, 231, 235 

Gardner, Nathan 190 

Gardner, Nathaniel 188 

Gardner, Nicholas 211 

Gardner, Olln 188 

Gardner, Olive 135 

Gardner, Palmer 191, 206, 212 

Gardner, Piatt 186 

Gardner, Richard 190 

Gardner, Robert 189. 200 

Gardner, Russell 185 

Gardner, Ruth 190 

Gardner, Salty 193, 212, 229 

Gardner, Silas 186 

Gardner, Simeon Id7, 188, 198 

Gardner, Stephen 194 

Gardner, Sylvester 191, 202, 203 

Gardner, Watty 186 

Gardner, Wheelock 190 

Gardner, William 190 

Gardner, Zebulon 194 

Gardner, Zephanlah 194 


Gardner, Abner 207, 208, 237 

Gardner, Alfred 206 

Gardner, Amanda 206, 207, 235 

Gardner, Amanda Malvlna. ..206, 239, 257 

Gardner, Ann 200, 209, 232. 234 

Gardner, Benjamin 211 

Gardner, Byron 206 

Gardner, Caleb 198. 242 

Gardner, Callsta 204. 228 

Gardner, Daniel.... 197, 200, 207, 211, 233 

Gardner, Deborah 211 

Gardner, Delia 200, 233 

Gardner, Desevignia S 206, 237, 260 

Gardner, Dewitt 209, 234 

Gardner, Dorcas 203 

Gardner, Edward E 200 

Gardner, Emeiine 206 

Gardner, Emily 204, 222 

Gardner, Emma 207 

Gardner, Eunice Minerva 

200, 231, 277, 278 

Gardner, Frances Helen. 205, 238, 258, 269 

Gardner, Francis 198, 242 

Gardner, Francis Wlflett 211 

Gardner, George 208, 286, 243 

Gardner, Hannah, 202, 206, 212, 218. 

223, 266, 267, 268 


Gardner, Harrison G. 211 

Gardner, Honor 200 

Gardner, Ira 198 

Gardner, Ishmael 200, 233. 279 

Gardner, Israel 19S 

Gardner, James 202 

Gardner, James Palmer 204. 222 

Gardner, James Van de Pool 209. 210 

Gardner, Jane 207 

Gardner, Jane Anne 209 

Gardner, Jennie 206 

Gardner, Job 206. 239 

Gardner, John H 196 

Gardner, John Smith 206, 240 

Gardner, Joseph 211 

Gardner, Joshua 233 

Gardner, Julia 200 

Gardner, Lester 204, 221 

Gardner, Louisa 207 

Gardner, Lucy M 206, 238, 258. 259 

Gardner, Lydia 207, 2il 

Gardner, Lydia L 

197, 200, 231, 241. 248. 249 

Gardner, Maria 209, 235 

Gardner, Marietta 205 

Qardner, Martha 200 

Gardner, Mary 207, 208. 240 

Gardner, Minerva B 196. 240, 250 

Gardner, Minerva P 211 

Gardner, Morency 204, 221 

Gardner, Nabby Louisa 211 

Gardner, Nathaniel. 200, 203, 206, 231. 237 

Gardner, Nicholas 198, 200, 211. 242 

Gardner, Olive 198. 242 

Gardner, Olivia 207 

Gardner, Orcella 204, 222 

Gardner, Palmer 202. 212 

Gardner, Patience Calslna. ..206. 224, 266 

Gardner, Perry Green 200, 230 

Gardner, Phebe 207 

Gardner, Polly Ann 209 

Gardner, Robert H 200 

Gardner, Russell 206 

Gardner, Rowland J 207, 237 

Gardner, Ruth 207 

Gardner, Sarah 

203, 206, 215, 223, 265. 268. 269 

Gardner, Silas H 241, 250 

Gardner, Simeon 198 

Gardner, Susan 204, 279. 232 

Gardner, Sylvester 198, 206. 243 

Gardner, Sylvester Cogswell 203. 214 

Gardner, William D. Stead.. 206. 237. 2«1 
Gardner, William Nichols 203, 215 


Gardner, Abbott Roswell 234 

Gardner, Abbey 211 

Gardner, Abner E 237 

Gardner, Adelald 221 

Gardner, Albert 289 





Gardner, Albert J 238, 260 

Gardner, Alice May 235 

Gardner, Allen W 237, 261 

Gardner, . '.meda 208 

Gardner, Almeda Deborah 222, 224 

Gardner, Anna 214 

Gardner, Ann Eliza 233. 279 

Gardner, Arthur Eugene 239 

Gardner, Arthur Morency 221 

Gardner, Benjamin 243 

Gardner, Burton H 243, 252 

Gardner, Byron 208 

Gardner, Caleb J 243 

Gardner, Caleb T 242, 233 

Gardner, Caroline 214, 242. 244 

Gardner, Charles. 236, 237. 239. 241. 249, 262 

Gardner, Charlee Osborne 222, 264 

Gardner, Charles Townsend 234 

Gardner, Chester 239, 256 

Gardner, Clarence Herbert 238 

Gardner, Clarence R 240. 265 

Gardner, Clarissa Deborah 221 

Gardner, Cyril Sylvester 221. 262 

Gardner, Deldamlna 221 

Gara'ner, Delbert Morency 222, 265 

Gardner, Earnest 221, 263 

Gardner, Edmund 214 

Gardner, Edna 221 

Gardner, Edward N 262 

Gardner, Eliza 242 

Gardner, Elizabeth 234 

Gardner, Elmer 239 

Gardner, Emma 221 

Gardner, Emmet 222 

Gardner, Eugene Terry 234 

Gardner, Eunice 242. 243 

Gardner, Eva 222, 264 

Gardner, Florence Ada 240. 266, 283 

Gardner, Frances 243. 254 

Gardner, Francis Eliza 234 

Gardner, Frank B 237 

Gardner, Fred J 239, 256 

Gardner, George 239. 262, 267 

■ ^Gardner, George W 243 *' 

Gardner, Gilbert H. 237, 261 

Gardner, Hannah 221, 236 

Gardner, Harriet 221 

Gardner, Harry Gllson 289 

Gardner, Harry U 237, 261 

Gardner, Helen M 288, 289 

Gardner, Helen 221, 288. 251 

Gardner, Ishmael 233 

Oardner, James 200 

Oardner, James Herbert 222. 263 

Gardner, Jamesp Terry 234 

Oardner, James V 231 

Oardner, James Wellington 221 

Oardner, Jane A 248 

Oardner, John 239. 241 

Oardner, John Dana 221 

Oardner, John H 288, 260 


Gardner, John J 229, 231. 276, 282 

Gardner, John W 256 

Gardner, Jonathan 237 

Gardner, Joseph Palmer 222. 263 

Gardner, Joshua Earl 233 

Gardner, Julia 242 

Gardner, Katie Elizabeth 240. 256 

Gardner, Kirk E.241, 250. 282. 286. 286. 288 

Gardner, Leslie 237 

Gardner, Lewis Crapo 289 

Gardner, Lizzie A 237 

Gardner, Loretta 243, 254 

Gardner, Lorenzo D 248 

Gardner, Louisa M 241 

Gardner, Lucretla* May 212 

Gardner, Lucy 288 

Gardner, Lydia 233. 242 

Gardner, Mabel 1 238, 260 

Gardner, Magdellne 221 

Gardner, Marlon 221 

Gardner, Martha 239 

Gardner, Mary. 233, 236, 237, 241, 242, 250 

f Gardner, Mary Emily 243. 252. 253 

Gardner, Mary Minerva 231 

Gardner, Melvlllb G 236 

Gardner, Millard 211 

Gardner, Miriam 214, 246 

Gardner, Mortimer Wilson.... 231, 255, 276 

Gardner, Myra 243. 254. 288 

Gardner, Noah Ely 230 

• Gardner, Olive 243 

Gardner, Oliver Perry 243 

Gardner, Orcella 222. 264 

Gardner, Oris H 248 

Gardner, Orlando 243 

Gardner, Palmer 233 

Gardner, Robert Palmer 231, 276 

Gardner, Rowland J 237 

Gardner, Sabrlna 220. 230, 277 

Gardner, Sarah 206. 214, 241. 243, 244 

Gardner, Simeon V 243, 253 

Gardner, Sylvester 214 

Gardner, Ulysses G 208 

Gardner, Wesley N 237 

Gardner, William 200, 214. 245 

Gardner, William H 204, 205. 262 

Gardner, William Sheldon 216 


Gardner, Albert Ray 260 

Gardner, Alfred C 260 

Gardner, Anna Elizabeth 243 

Gardner, Anna Sabrlna 256 

Gardner, Arthur 262 

Gardner, Belle 264 

Gardner, Burton J..>. 252 

Gardner, Byron 263 

Gardner, Caroline 262 

Gardner, darrle L 253 

Gardner, Charles B 257 

Gardner, Charles F.s. 252 





Charles O 252 

Clifford 263 

Dana Cyril 263 

Deborah Catharine 263 

Don Aurellus 276 

Dora 255 

Dwight Merrit 265 

Dwight Reginald 263 

Earnest L 252 

Edith A 252 

Edward H 262 

Ellda 262 

Ella 262 

Elsie 256 

Eulls M 253 

Eunice E 260 

Esther H 254 

Ethel Irlne 263 

Evelln 256 

Florence 255 

Floyd 261 

Frank B 252 

Frank G 183, 253 

Frank Smith - 255, 277 

George Boardman 246 

George Lester 263 

Gertrude Ernestine 263 

Gilbert H 256 

Glenna Marlah 263 

Gordon 256 

Harley W 252 

Harry Gllson 259 

Hazen L 261 

Helen Louise 250 

Helen P 260 

Henry O 262 

Horatio N 2C2 

Ida M 257 

Ida O 253 

Jamesp 264 

Jessie M. 253 

John C 253 

John Chandler 263 

John Daniel 250 

John H 276 

John Milton ^....262 

John W ^ /J.. ..252 4/ 

Julia S 261 

Kate M 255 

Lawrence 261 

Leisler 262 

Lewis Crapo 249 

Lucy Alice 262 

Mabel M 260 

Martha E. N 251 

Marjorle B 260 

Mary Grace 255 

Mattle D 252 

Minnie Joanna 250 

Minnie Louise 255 

Nathaniel Dwight 255 


Gardner, Nelson 

Gardner, Noah E 2TS 

Gardner, Olive 254 

Gardner, Opal 25*> 

Gardner, Pruella Gladys 263 

Gardner, Reno E 253 

Gardner, Royal 25«5 

Gardner, Sarah 2«2 

Gardner, Sarah Adella 276 

Gardner, Vila 253 

Gardner, Walter Allport 249, 281* 

Gardner, Walter Vander 255 

Gardner, Wayne 261 

Gardner, Westfall May 262 

Gardner, William A 1S9, 276 

Gardner, William E ^^^ 

Gardner, William H 262 

Gardner, William Lawrence 265 


Gardner, Adelald 2S4 

Gardner, Alleen ""^^ 

Gardner, Andrew Jackson 1^* 

Gardner, Caroline 284 

Gardner, Clara J 233 

Gardner, Dora K -8^ 

Gardner, Edmund Sidney 2o3 

Gardner, Eugenia Margaret 285 

Gardner, Fred E 

Gardner, Gladys E 

Gardner, Grace Emily,..: 

Gardner, Harry W 

Gardner, Helen M 25 ] 

Gardner, Homer Vander 255 

Gardner, Horatio Forest 2S5 

Gardner, Howard J 282 

Gardner, lanthe M 285 

Gardner, J. Hammond 282 

Gardner, John F 286 >^ 

Gardner, John Milton 285 

Gardner, John N 2S5 

Gardner, John W 2S4 

Gardner, Llllle 2M 

Gardner, Mary Louise 255 

Gardner, Mary Minerva 2S2 

. Gardner, Maud A 282. 2v'. - 

Gardner, Nellie E .....2^6*- 

Gardner, Noah 2s4 

Gardner, Pearl Jeanette 285 

Gardner, Ray Bishop 252 

Gardner, Robert Mortimer 25r> 

Gardner, Ruby 282 

Gardner, Ruth 282, 284 

Gardner, Sadie A 286.. 

Gardner, Walter 2^4 

Gardner, William Wilson 



.2>6 "^ 



Gardner, Daniel 182 

Gardner, Dwight 210 

Gardner, Eicy ISS 





Gardner, Jeffeison 183 

Gardner, Malvina 240 

Gardner, Mary 19."> 

Gardner, Mercy 1S5 

Gardner, IMathan B 1S2 

Gardner, Powell 182 

Gardner, Sarah C 211 

Gardner, Stow 182 

Gardner, William 182 

Gatev, Caroline Elizabeth, (8).... 223. 266 

Gates, Caroline Fletcher, (10) 267 

Gate*, Carolyn Anna, (9) 267 

Gates, Frederick Hackett, (10) 267 

Gajtes, Gardner Brown, (9) 267 

Gates, Horace Brown 223, 267 

Gates, Horace Butler, (9) 267 

Gates, Lewis Harold, (10) 267 

Gates, Mary Brown, (9) 267 

Gates, Nehemiah 223 

Gates, Wllliani Gardner, (8) 223, 267 

Gibson, Adin 275, 281 

Gibson, Alma Geneva, (9) 275, 281 

Gibson, Charles W 275 

Gibson, Lola E., (9) 275 

Gibson, Lucy E., (9) 275 

GItford, Lydia A 208 

(ji..iord, Mary G 213 

GItford, Peleg 208 

Gleason, Rosalind, (10) 265 

Gleason, J. R 265 

Goodrich, C. S. Dr 207 

Gorton, Abel D 232 

Gorton, Adelos (8) 232, 277, (9) 278 

Gorton, Alfred Hopf, (9) 278 

Gorton, Carl Russell, (9) 278 

Gorton, Caroline 242, 253 

Gorton, George Russell, (8> 232, 278 

Gorton, Josephine Delia, (8; 232, 278 

Gorton, Louise Minerva, (8) 232 

Gorton, Reuben Ely 200, 232. 277, 278 

Gorton, William Ely, (8) 232 

Greene, Abble 273 

Greene, Rhoda 205, 223, 224 

Greenhart, William 262 

Gunther, George Allen 270 

Gurley, Josephine 246 


Hackett Charles 267 

Hackett, Jessie 267 

Hadsell Dorcas 200 

Hadsell, Helen M 260, 288 

Hall, Abigail 193. 196 

Hall, Alice 211 

Hall, Christina 193, 211, 212 

Hall, John A 207 

Hall, Matilda 289 

Hail, Nancy 263 

Hall, Rowland 182 

Hallelston, George 187 

Halpin, Michael 242 


Hamilton, Berndlne E 284 

Hand, Annette M., (8) 273 

Hand, Edmund 277 

Hand, Ella, (9) 273 

Hand, Frederick A., (8) 235 

Hand, Gertrude, (9) 273. 

Hand, Helen A., (8) 227, 269, 273 

Hand, Helen Sabrina, (8) 235 

Hand, Heman 203 

Hand, Heman E., (8) 227, 235 

Hand, Horace A., (8).... 227, 273 

Hand, Howard, (8) 227, 273 

Hand, Josephine (8) 227, 273, (9) 273 

Hand, Samuel Wilkins, (8) 235 

Hapf, Lena 278 

Harper, Seward F 287 

Harper, William Gardner, (10) 287 

Hare, Mary 267 

Harris, Mary 206 

Harry, Frank E 206 

Harry, Leonard, (10) 271 

Harry, Ray, (10) 271 

Harry, Roy, (10) 271 

Harry, William, (10) 271 

Hatch, William K 253 

Hazzard, Laura 200 

Heckman, Margaret A 235 

Henderson, Frederick 216, 280 

Henderson, Mary, (9) 216, 

Henderson, May 280 

Henderson, Helen Sprlggs, (9) 216 

Henry, Arthur, (8) 228 

Henry, Caroline H., (8) 275 

Henry, Charles, (8) 228 

Henry, Charles M., (8) 229 

Henry, Edwin, (8) 228 

Henry, Emma, (8) 228 

Henry, Emmett, (8) 228 

Henry, Hannah Marlah, (7) 228. 275 

Henry, Isaac 209, 228 

Henry, Isaac R., (7) 209 

Henry, Isabell, (8) 228 

Henry, J. Harvey, (7) 275 

Henry, James H., (7) 228 

Henry, Lucy, (8) 228 

Henry, Mlllee E., (8) 228 

Henry, Millie E., (Philomel) (8) 229 

Henry, Myron H., (8) 228 

Henry, Milton Davis, (8) 228 

Henry, Milton Dyer, (7) 228 

Henry, Norrls, (8) 228 

Henry, Robert, (8) 209, 228 

Henry, Sarah, (8) 228 

Henry, Sylvester G., (7) 209. 228, 276 

Henry, Thomas Boyd, (8) .228 

Henry, VIetU J., (8) 228, 275 

Henry, Virginia J., (8) 228, 276, 281 

Herrick, Samuel 190 

Hesselgrave, David 268 

Hesselgrave, Mary 258 

Hesselgrave, Raymond N., (9) 25& 





Hewitt, Hapzlbale 235 

HIbbard, Lucy 229 

HIbbard, Frank 221 

Hlgby, Aima J 217 

Holdrldge, Daisy 256 

Holyoka, Charles 274. 284 

Holyoke, Charles Edward, (9) 274 

Holyoke, Edward, (10) 274 

Holyoke, Eleanor, (9) 274. 284 

Holyoke, Virginia D., (10) 274 

Holt, Mary 267 

Hood, Belle 272 

Hood, May 227, 272 

Hopkins, Stephen 191 

Houghcon, Helen BInlnger 246 

Howe, Mary 249 

Howland, Mary 185, 187, 190, 194 

Hubbard, Eva Gardner 205 

Hubbard, Idil, (9) 264 

Hull, Alice L., (9) 249 

Hull, Fred D., (9) 249 

Hull, George F 248 

Hull, Lochellen, (10) 249 

Hull, H. S. Prof 264 

Hull, Mary, (9) 264 

Hunt, Lydia L 237 

Hunter, Byrd 272 

Husted, Daniel 236 

Husted, Mary Z36 

Huston, Albert E., (9) 260 

Huston, Bayard T., (9) 260 

Huston, Chester O., (9) 260 

Huston, Clarence H., (9) 260 

Huston, Edward W. S 260 

Huston, George A 260 

Huston, Mercy M., (9) 260 

Huston, Nellie E., (9) 260 

Ickes, Daniel 229 

Ingalls, Arthur, (9) 272 

Ingallff, Charles R 272 

Ingalls, Frank, (9) 272 

ingalls, Fred, (9) 272 

Ingalls, Hattie, (9) 272 

Ingalls, Herbert, (9) 272 

Ingalls, James, (9) 272 

Ingalls, Pearl, (9) 272 

Ingham, Abigail, (7) 208 

Ingham, Eleazer 208 

Ingham, George, (7) 208 

Ingham, John, (7) 208 

Ingham, Mary, (7) 208 

Ingham, Nancy, (7) 208 

Ingham, Rachel, (7) 2o8 

Ingham, Rhoda, (7) 208 

Ives, Kenneth 265 

Ives, Kenneth Appleton, (10) 265 

Ives, Phillip, (10) 265 


Jewel, George J 270 

Johnson, Hattie 253 

Jones, Charles Rev 224 

Jone», Elvira Elizabeth, (8)....; 224 

Jones, Emellne Alathea, (8) 224. 226 

Jones, Horatio Gates, (8) 225 

Jones, Israel 224 

Jones, Sarah Louise, (8) 225. 226 

Katzman, May 271 

Kemp, Fred, (9) 221 

Kemp, Harry, (9) 221 

Kemp, H. B 221 

Kenyon, Mary 211 

Kernerzer, Rose 261 

Kidder, Cynthia 227 

King, Eliza 228 

Knight, Sarah ..258 

Koehler, Ann 276 

Laird, Frank Foster, (9) 246, 279 

Laird, Frank Townsend, (10) 27? 

Laird, Kate, (8) 201 

Laird, Mary Esther, (9) 246 

Laird, Mary Louise, (10) 279 

Laird, O. P. Dr 201, 246 

Laird, Orvllle, (8) 201 

Laird, William 246. 279 

Laird, William Townsend, (9) 246 

-fLampson, Harriet E 252 

Lane, Ethel, (9) 229 

Lane, William 229 

Lapham, Margaret 226 

Laraway, Elbert 262 

Lawrence, Annette 265 

Leake, Anna 289 

Le Cato, Charles B., (10) 277 

Le Cato, Charles L 277 

Le Cato, Gladys B., (10; 277 

Legg, Charles 2oO 

Lewis, Ann Charlotte, (9) 250 

Lewis, Arthur, (9) 250 

Lewis, Herman Lament 250 

Loser, Martha 270 

Lucas, Caroline L 268 

Lum, Daniel 201 

Lyon, Mary F 213 


Madison, Britton 242 

Madison, Louis B., (9) 242 

Madison, Olive, (9) 242 

Madison, Walter, (9) 242 

Mageiy, I. A m 

Maine, Orlando G., (7) 197 

Maine, Stephen 197 

Mapes, Augustus 233 

Martin, Calvin 237 





Martin, Julia A 237, 261 

Martlndale, Ely , 264 

Martlndale, Ethel, (9) 264 

Martlndale, Grace, 9) 264 

Martlndale, James Curtis, (9) 234 

Martindale, Jennie, (9) 264 

Martlndale. J. W 264 

Martindale, Merrit, (9) 264 

May, Dr 216 

Maynaru, Nellie 234 

Mason, Emily 241 

Masters, Anna Susan, <9) 279. 282 

Masters, Cornelia 8 279, 282, 283 

Masters, Helen Marguerite, (9) 279, 283 

Masters, Mary Emila, (9) 279 

McAvoy, John H 216 

McClue, Francis Joseph 269 

McDonald, Richard J 270 

McDonald, Willis Leigh, (10) 270 

McLean, Allen 235 

McMahon, Lewis 221 

McVlccar, Archibald 217 

McViccar, Elizabeth, (8) 217 

McVlccar, Hattle Townsend, (9) 217 

McViccar, John T., (Sj 217 

McVlccar, Louisa, (8) 217 

McVlccar, Rhoda 205 

Mead, Daniel, (8) 241, 257 

Mead, Darius 240 

Mead, Helen M. (8) 241, 257 

Mead, John, (8) 241 

iviead, Minerva, (8) 241 

Mead, Stephen 240 

Mears, Edward Gardner, (9) 265 

Mears, Robert 265 

Merchant, Mary 249 

Merrican, Alice 247 

Merrick, Edith, (9) 271 

Merrick, Eugene Roderick, (9) 271 

Merrick, Floyd D., (lO) 281 

Merrick. Francis, (10) 281 

Merrick, George Gates, (9) 271 

Merrick, Gordon 271 

Merrick, Lucretia M. G., (9) 271 

Merrick, Marwin P., (10) 281 

Merrick, Nellie, (10) 226 

Merrick, Orlando Briggs, (9) 226, (10) 226 

Merrick, Perez 226 

Merrick, Ruth, (10) 281 

MIddieton, Charlev H., (9) 270 

MIddleton, Elcy M., (10) 271 

MIddieton, Frederick W., (9) 270 

MIddleton, Glenn C, (10) 271 

MIddieton, Jeanette, (if) 270 

MIddieton, John 270 

MIddleton, John F., (lU) 271 

MIddleton, John J., (9) 270 

MIddleton, Mary L., (10) 271 

Miller, Estelle M 27;i 

Miller, J. Earnest 21S 

Mliilman, Edna, (8) 231 


Mliilman, Hortense, (8) 231 

Mliilman, Sylvester 231 

Mills Elmer E 283 

Mitchell, Deeita Cecelia 244 

Mix, Mary Helen 235 

Mix, W. G 244 

Moffltt, Charles I., (9) 254 

Motntt, John J 254. 288 

Mofntt, Ora E., (9) 264, 288, 290 

Moon, Elizabeth 276 

Moon, Francis 196 

Mooney, Laura Helen 275 

Moore, Elizabeth 227 

Moore, Hattle, (9) 279 

Moore, Helen, (9) 279 

Moore, Henry, (9) 279 

Moore, Leonelia 230 

Moore, Lucy 225 

Moore, Ransom, (9) 279 

Morey, Lily Dyre 205 

Morey, Louisa, (9) 216 

Morey, Samuel Foote 216 

Morgan, Helen M., (10) 273 

Morgan, Henrietta J., (10) 273 

Morgan, Marjorie, (10) 273 

Morrell, Catherine 234 


Narracong, Dwight 255 

Narracong, Jonas 226 

Newberry, Emeilne 259 

Nichols, Ann 201 

Nichols, Hannah 

190, 200, 201. 202, 203, 205, 206, 209 

N Ichols, John 190 

Nichols, Joseph 190 

Nichols, Mary 190 

Nichols, Thomas 190 

Niies, Anna 220 

Nutting, Maria .....269 

Northup, Eunice 198, 242, 243, 284 

Nott, Charles L 259 

Nott, Ethel L., (9) 259 

Nott, George W 259 

Nott, Jesse L., (9) 259 

Noyes, Hezeklah 185 

Olcott, James B 219 

Oliver, Florence 222 

Oliver, Maria 222 

Oiin, Elizabeth 187, 198 

Osborne, Anna M., (9) 273 

Osborne, Harriet J 269, (9) 274 

Osborne, Joseph W 269, 273 

Osgood, Edmund Hand (9) .". 273 

Osgood, George E., (1u) 273 

, Osgood, Harriet M., (9) 273 

Osgood, Mary E., (9) 273 

Osgood. William H., (10; 273 





Osgood, William W 273 

Osgood, Wlllard, (9) 273 

Ostrander, Hannah 235 

Parker, Arnold 196 

Parker, James 196 

Parker, Oliver 196 

Parker, William 211 

Pary, Ella 262 

Passage, Julia A 257 

Patterson, Elizabeth J., (7) 207 

Patterson, John 207 

Patterson, Thomas, {7) 207 

Peabody, Francis 8 280 

Peabody, May Henoerson 280 

Peabody, Stuyvesant, (10) 280 

Pease, Milton 191 

Peebles, David 268 

Peebles, Florence, (9) 269 

Peebles, Jennie,, (9) 269 

Peebles, Ora, (9) 269 

Peebles, Susan, (9) 269 

Peebles, Wellington, (9) 269 

Pierce, Charity 225 

Pierce, Isaac 219 

PIxlee, Mary Ella 279 

Plervon, Caroline Emma, (9) 224 

Plerson, Frederick Theodore 244 

Plerson, Frederick Theodore, (9) 244 

Plerson, Herbert Varney, (9) 244 

Plerson, Horace Huntington, (9) 244 

Plerson, Robert Huntington, (9) 244 

Plerson, Sarah, (9) 244 

Perkins, Qalusha J 269 

Perkins, Harry 274 

Perkins, Helen, (10) 274 

Perkins, Robert, (10) 274 

Perry, Elvira, (lO) 269 

Perry, H. P. Dr 269 

Perry, Ralph Franklin, (10) 269 

Persons, Enoe W 287, 290 

^Persons, Nellie H., (10) 287, 290 

* Persons, Myron Bowen, (10) 287' 

.Persons, Roy, (10) 287 

Pettel, Hattle 262 

Plentz, Sarah A 256 

Porter, Edward Evelyn, (8) 213, 283 

Porter, Evelyn H 267, 268 

Porter, Evelyn Hart, M. D t..212 

Porter, Emma Joanna, (8) 213 

Porter, Qeorge Qoddard, (8) 213 

Porter, Henry Herbert, (8) 213 

Porter, Isabella, (8) 213 

Porter, James Sanford, (8) 213 

Porter, Mary Eliza, (8) 213 

Porter, Mortimer Gardner, (8) 212 

Porter, Sarah Marlah, (8) 267 

Porter, William Evelyn, ^9).. 113, 268, 283 

Potter, Alice E 278 

Potter, Joseph K 278 


Price, Sarah Jane 279 

Preston, Eva 2C4 

Pudney, G. P ^ 277 

^/.Putnam, Virginia 286 

Ransom, Mary 209, 228 

Rapiee, Minnie 246 

Rapp, Isabella 239 

Reed, Frank T., (9) 218 

Reed, Lewis B 218 

Reed, Palmer T., (9) 218 

Regen, Sidney 262 

Relnsen, Alien Halsey, (9) 246 

Relnsen, Daniel L 246 

Relnsen, Frances Louise, (9) 246 

Relnsen, Gerard Townsend, (9) 246 

Reynolds, Almira, (8) 231 

Reynolds, Amanda, (8) ' 231 

Reynolds, A. N 221 

Reynolds, Clark R., (7) 199. 231 

Reynolde, Deborah 208. 221. 222. 223 

Reynolds, Elizabeth F 211 

Reynolds, Etta Clark, (8) 231 

Reynolds, Gardner, (7) 199 

Reynolds, Qrifnn 189, 199, 231 

Reynolds, James, (7) 199, 204 

Reynolds, John 196 

Reynolds, Lydia 196. 207 

Reynolds, Marha, (8) 231 

Reynolds, Mary 144, (8) 231 

Rhicard, Johnson 263 

Rhodes, Daniel 190 

Rhodes, Emma Belle, (9)...' 213 

Rhode*, William Porter 213 

Rice, Bertha Magdalen, (9) 265 

Rice, Cyril Montague, (9) 265 

Rice, Evelyn Callsta V., (9> 265 

Rice, Florence Leora, (9) 265 

Rice, Glen Chandler, (9) 265 

Rice, Montague 265 

Rlese, S. L 252 

Ritter, Catherine 265. 281 

Roache, 219 

Robertson, James H 247 

Rogers, Joseph 181, 234 

• Rose, Aucella 286 

«Rose, Mary E 240, 256 

Rose, Nathaniel 181 

Rose, Orlando 242 

Rose, Rufus 240 

Ros«lter, Mary 2S3 

Rudd, O. B 231 

Russell, Eima 243 

Russell, George 200. 232. 279 

Russell, Josephine Minerva, (8) 

232. 279. 282 

Russell, Julia 200 

Russell, Mary 233 

Russell, W. H 223 





Sage, Edmund Osoood 273 

Sage, Revllo Q 273 

Saiisoury, Dexter 226 

Salisbury, Hattle, (9) 226 

Sanderson, Matilda 257 

Sanford, Cyrenu* 211' 

Sanford, Sally 211 

Scammon, Jonathan Y 215 

Scouten, Jullanna 228. 275 

Schute, Emma A 249. 289 

Sells, Howard 269 

Seymour, Alfred Mix, (9) 235 

Seymour, Ascah Marion, (8) 235 

Seymour, Carrie Blanch, (9) 235 

Seymour, Chloe Ann, (8) 235 

Seymour, Francis Allison, (8) 235 

Seymour, Frederick 235 

Seymour, Frederick D. V., (8) 235 

Seymour, Harry Templeton, (9) 235 

Seymour, Helen C, (10) 235 

Seymour, Helen Lucille, (10) 235 

Seymour, Ludley A., (9) 235 

Seymour, Lucian C, (8) 235 

Seymour, Mabel May, (10) 235 

Seymour, Marie, (9) 235 

Seymour, Nellie A., (9) 235 

Seymour, Ralph Wlllard, (10) 235 

Seymour, Wlllard Abbott, (9) 235 

Sheffield, Alice Louise, (9) 270 

Sheffield, Celestia Anette, (8) 225, 271 

Sheffield, Cora Bell, (9) 270 

Sheffield, Cordelia, (8) 225 

Sheffield, Daniel Jeremiah, (8) 225. 284 

Sheffield, Francis, (9) 225 

Sheffield, Harriet Julia, (9) 270 

Sheffield, Janetta, (8) 225 

Sheffield, Jeremiah 225, 270 

Sheffield, Martha Elizabeth, (8).. 225, 270 

Sheffield, Minnie, (9) 270 

Sheffield, Nellie BIy, (9) 270 

Sheffield, Nettie Lillian, (9) 270 

Sheffield, Oscar, (8) 225, 270 

Sheffield, Wlillst, (9) 270 

Shaw, Byron, (10) 287 

Shaw, Clayton, (10) 254 

Shaw, Dwight, (9) 254, 287 

Shaw, Eima, (9) 254 

Shaw, Elton, (9) 254 

Shaw, James, (9)...'. 254 

Shaw, Mabel, (10) > ...287 

Shaw, Phebe, (10) 287 

Shaw, Rlnaldo 254 

Shaw, Sarah 248. 252 

Shaw, Susanna 197 

Sheldon, Amy, (8) 227. 272 

Sheldon, Anna 215 

Sheldon, Caroline, (8) 227, 271 

Sheldon, Charles Fox, (8) 227, 272 

Sheldon, Cutler, (9) 270 

Sheldon, Dewit C 271 


Sheldon, Dewit Clinton 227 

Sheldon, Dweiton Meivin 227 

Sheldon, Elmer, (9) 270 

Sheldon, Ezeklei B., (8) 227, 271 

Sheldon, Qeorge, (9) 270 

Sheldon, Jay, (9) 270 

Sheldon, Kirk, (8) 227 

Sheldon, Mabel, (9) 271 

Sheldon, Maria 215 

Sheldon, Oscar, (9) 270 

Sheldon, Ray, (9) 270 

Sheldon, Waiter, (9) 271 

Sheldon, William B 215 

Shepardson, Daniel Rev 184, 242 

Sherrii, Sarah Julia 215 

Shires, Estelia, (9) 277 

Shires, Gorton (9) 277. (10) 227 

Shires, William 277, (10) 277 

Shumway, Charles Frederick. 182, 251. 289 
Shumway, Daniel Gardner, (10).... 251, 289 

Shumway, Helen M., (10) 289 

Shumway, Mary Joanna, (9) 184. 251 

Shumway, Nellie H., (10) 251 

Sllkman, Henry O 234 

Silver, Nellie, (9) 277 

Silver, William C 277 

Simmons, Elizabeth Q 234 

SIsson, Alonzo, (9) 273 

SIsson, Frank O 258. 

SIsson, Helen, (9) 258 

Sisson, Lemar, (10) 272 

SIsson, Lisle, (9) 258 

Sisson, Roselle, (10) 272 

Sisson, Truman, (10) 272 

srUyter, Sarah A 239, 256. 257 

Sluyter, William 239, 256, 257 

Smith, Abbie S 276, 282 

Smith, Addle, (8) 226 

Smith, Amanda Melvlna 199 

Smith, Amy, (9) 271 

Smith, Anna, (8) 214 

Smith, Anna Marlah 226 

Smith, Artalissa, (7).... 212. 229, 276, 282 

Smith, Aucella M., (7) 212. 230 

Smith, Augusta, (7) 199 

Smith, Bevler, (9) 271 

Smith, Brainard Gardner, (8) 225. 271 

Smith, Carrol, (9) 226 

Smith, Caroline 230 

Smith, Charollne, (8) 225 

Smith, Charlotte, (7) 206, 227. 274 

Smith, Clara, (9) 226 

Smith, Daniel 199^ 212 

Smith, Daniel G., (7) '.212 

Smith, Delbert, (7) 212 

Smith, Dwight, (7) 212, 239 

Smith, Elizabeth... 206. 237. 288. 239, 240 

Smith, Eliza Cranston, (7) 199 

Smith, Ethima Laruna, (7) 199 

Smith, Ezeklei Brown 2O6, 226 

Smith, Frances Amy, (8) 226 





Smith, Gardner, (7) 199, 212 

Smith, Hannah, (7) 199. 270. 271 

Smith, Hannah Gardner, (7) 226. 284 

Smith, Harold, (9) 226 

Smith, Harriet Newel 227, 273, 274 

Smith, Harriet Amelia, (8) 220 

Smith, Helen Bralnard, (9) 271 

Smith, Henry Kirk, (8) 220 

Smith, Hiram, (7) 199 

Smith, John D., (8) 230 

Smith, J. Gardner 230 

Smith, Lindsay, (8) 226 

Smith, Lucretia IMott 269 

Smith, Lydia Caroline.. 199 

Smith, IVIary, (9) 226 

Smith, IVIary Ann (Polly), (7) 226 

Smith, M. E. Mm 244 

Smith, Mary C 277 

Smith, Mary Rebecca, (8) 225 

Smith, Minerva S 230 

Smith, Nellie C, (9) 263, 287. 290 

Smith, Oscar 225 

Smtih, Osmer, (9) 220 

Smith, Palmer, (7) 226 

Smith, Rebecca, (7) 199 

Smith, Roderick M 252, 287 

Smith, Roderick M. Smith 252 

Smth, Rollins, (9^ 226 

Smith, Sally Marlah, (7) 199 

Smith, Sarah 235, (8) 225 

Smith, Sylvester Gardner,(7) 206. 225 

Smith, Waty, (7) 199 

Smtih, Wliiard 206 

Smith, Wliiard Allen, (8) 226 

Smith, William 204, 206, (7) 1*99 

Smith, William A., (8) 230 

Smith, William Walker 206, 225 

Snider, Christopher 200 

Sornberger, Bernard, (b) 222 

Sornberger, D. W. Rev 222. 268 

Sornberger, Emily Diana, (8) 222.268 

Sornberger, Gardner, (8) 222 

Sornberger, Langdon Morency, (8) 222 

Sornberger, Minnie, (9) 222 

Sornberger, Saiiie 211 

Southworth^ Norman 200 

Spencer, Marcy 190, 206, 207 

Spink, Sarah 189 

Spraguei David 201 

Sweet, Ambrose 182 

Sweet, Bee 253 

Sweet, Caroline 276 

Sweet, Clara 253 

Sweet, EInathan 181 

Sweet, Joanna 241, 250. 251 

Sweet, Lydia 242 

Sweet, Rufus 188 

SpJIngstead, Dorothy £ 2S6 

Stafford, Lois 211 

Stanton, Arthur Gardner, (9) 221 

Stanton, Berney, (9) 264 


Stanton, Gardner Gates 221 

Stanton, Helen Gardner 205 

Stanton, M. E 264 

Stewart, John Russell 249 

Stone, Alfred M 225 

Stone, Jessie Louisa 249 

Stone, John Russell 249 

Stone, Marlah Theresa 225. 271 

Stone, Sarah 237 

Stewart, Helen 22S 

Strayer, L. B 269 

Strong, Joseph 203 

Summers, Anna 256 

Sunderlind, Eunice 194. 209 


Tallman, Anna E 212 

Tanner, Abel 242 

Tanner, Anson 211 

Tanner, Lydia Sweet 242, 253 

Tanner, Mercy 184 

Taylor, Ann Cole 

Terry, Ann 233 

Terry, Samuel 233 

Terry, Palmer 184 

Thomas, Clarence Mortimer, (9) 268 

Thomas, Frederick Mayhew,(9) 26S 

Thomas, Gardner, (9) 26S 

Thomas, Hannah 251 

Thomas, James S 272 

Thomas, Lewis Sanford 267 

Thomas, Mary Evelyn, (9) 26S 

Thomas, Nathan Gardner 267 

Tiliman, Andrew 216 

Tillman, Caroline 246 

Tillman, Caroline, (8) 210 

Tiliman, Louise, (8) 216 

Tiiiman, Samuel, (8) 216 

Tiliotson, Laura 228, 275 

Todd, Miles G 261 

Todd, Myrtle 261 

Turner Chloe 238, 239 

Townsend, Alice, (9) 247 

Townsend, Alwood Halsey, (10) 246 

Townsend, Angeline Louise.. 219, 247. 248 
Townsend, Angeline Louisa, (8).. 220, 247 

Townsend, Anna 2in 

Townsend, Anthony, (8) 220 

Townsend, Benjamin, (8) 219 

Townsend, Betsey, (7) 201, 219 

Townsend, Catherine, (9) 247 

Townsend, Charles J 195 

Townsend, Clarence, (9) 217 

Townsend, Dorcas E., (8) 217 

Townsend, Edward Benjamin 247, 248 

Townsend, Elma Verlander, (9) 248 

Townsend, Fannie 219 

Townsend, Frances, (8) 2I8 

Townsend, Frank Le Grand, (9) 246 

Townsend, Frederick, (9) 247 

Townsend, Gardner 201, 216 

Townsend, Geraldlne, (10) 246 




I ownsend, Gerard Bostwick'. 

(9) 246, (10) 246 

Townsend, Halsey 201, 21S 

Townsend, Halsey Palmer, (8) 219 

Townsend, Hannah 201, 219 

Townsend, Helen Mildred, (10) .246 

Townsend, Horace D, (8) 217 

Townsend, Ingham 201, 218, 219 

Townsend, Ingham D., (8) 217 

Townsend, James B., (8) 217 

Townsend, James Wanton 219 

Townsend, James Wanton, (8).... 220, 248 

Townsend, James Wanton, (9) 248 

Townsend, Jane H 234 

Townsend, Jonathan 202 

Townsend, Louise (8) 218. (9) 246 

Townsend, Marjorle, (10) 246 

Townsend, Mary, (8) 218 

Townsend, Maria 219 

Townsend, Martin 202, 219 

Townsend, Martin Ingham, (9) 248 

Townsend, Nathan 201, 202 

Townsfend, Nathan, (7) 201, 219 

Townsend, Nathaniel 201, 219 

Townsend, Nathaniel.. (8) 219. (9) 247.248 

Townsend, Orin G., (8) 217 

Townsend, Palmer 201, 217 

Townsend, Palmer Gardner 

(8) 220, (9) 246 

Townsend, Pauline Spencer 

(8) 220. 248. (9) 248 

Townsend, Rhoda 201. 217 

Townsend, Sarah Ann, (8) 217, 246, 279 
Townsend, Susan Marsh, (8) 220, 247 

Val lance, Frank Gardner, (10) 2S7 

Vailance, George H 287 

Valentine, Archibald 216 

Van Buren, Lenchle, (Diana) 209 

Van de Warker, Edward Ely 260. 251 

Van de Warker, Maud. (9) 251 

Van Note, Henry Clay 234 

Van Note, William Henry, (10) 234 

Van Rensselaer, Stephen 188 

Varnum, Candace Rebecca 289 

Vary, Electa ,242, 253 

Vary, Esther 243 

Vary Mary 243 

Vary, Simeon 243 

Vaughn, David 187 

Vaughn, Glenn Henry, (10) 270 

Vaughn, Henry 270 

Vaughn, Joseph Hilton 270 

Vaughn, Olive Allign, (10) 270 

Vaughn, Rosa 260 

Verbeck, Carlton F., (9) 258 

Verbeck, Charles 259 

Verbeck, Frances Elizabeth, (9) 269 

Verbeck, Frances Luclle, (9) 258 

Verbeck, Norma I., (9) 258 


Verbeck, Vivian E., (9) 258 

Verlander, Mattle 248 

Vincent, Deborah 211 

Vllvlan, Eleanor 261 

Voorhees, Gertrude 246 


Waffle, Byron 258 

Waffle, Durward 258 

Wallace, MInot Lester 268 

Walker, Susan 283 

Walker, , Agnes 208 

Wamsiey, Clair, (9) 278 

Wamsiey, Jamee W., {b) 278 

Ward, Diana 225 

Ward, Henry 191 

Warner, Harvey 267 

Warner, Mary Elizabeth 257 

Wasson, Qunter Curtis, (11) 290 

Wasson, Jasper Curtis 290 

Wasson, marlan Nellie, (11) 290 

Wasson, Reid Persons, (11) 290 

Waterman, Pattie 

Watson, Dorcas 194 

Waughop, Fred, (9) 208 

Waughop/ Jesse L 268 

Webber, Edward 210 

Webster, Charles, (7) 198 

Webster, Chloe, (7) 198 

Webster, Constant, (7) 193 

Webster, Frank, (7) 198 

Webster, George, (7) 198 

Webster Gilbert, (7) 198 

Webster, Nelson, (7) .198 

Webster, Orlelias 197 

Wells, Albert B 217 

Wells, Anna, (9) 232 

Wells, D. Alberta, (9) 217 

Wells, Ellphalet 232 

Weils, Gardner (8) 232, (9) 217 

Wells, Hannah, (8) 232 

Wells, Ira G., (9) 217 

Westover, Edward 221 

Westover, Marion, (9) 221 

Wheeler, Adallne, (8) 227 

Wheeler, Arthur J., (8) 227 

Wheeler, Charlotte, (8) 227 

Wheeler, Charles 227, (8) 274 

Wheeler, Charles Francis, (8) 227 

Wheeler, Cornelia A., (8) 274 

Wheeler, Donna 258 

Wheeler, Florence, (9) 274 

Wheeler, George Sylvester, (8) 227 

Wheeler, James 227 

Wheeler, Nathaniel 183 

Whipple, Amy 260 

White, Eliza Ann 229 

Whitfield, J. W. Rev 216 

Whiting, Amy, (10) 249 

Whiting, Henry A 249 

Whiting, Ruth, (10) 249 




Whitman, Catherine Lulsa, (8) 236 

Whitman, Daniel 236 

Whitman, Daniel J., (8)...... 236 

Whitman, Elcy Jennie, (8) 236 

Wiggins, Genevieve 269 

Wllket, Mary E 283 

Wilcox, Avallne 

Wlllet, Francis 211 

Williams, Julia Isabella 213. 283 

Williams, Margaret 212 

Williams, Sophia Well* 209. 210 

Williams, Thomas 210 

Williams, William 210 

Wing, Helen 245 

Wilson, David Boal 266 

Wilson, Delana 221 

Wilson, Gardner P., (9) 277 

Wilson, Guy, (9) 266 

Wilson, John 203, 231, 277 

Wilson, John F 266 

Wilson, Lydia, (7) .* 203, 235 

Wilson, Percy, (9) 266 

Wilson, Percy Gardner, (8) 221 

Wilson, Sally C, (7) 203 

Wilson, Samuel W., (7).. 203, 220,272,277 

Wilson, Sarah Calldns 231. 276 

Wood, Adelald Electa 253 

Wood, Arvin 1S5 

Wood, Betsey, (7) 185 

Wood, Thaddeus Mason 266 

Wood, Wanton G., (7) 185 

Wood, William Theodore, (9) 267 

Woodward, Elmer E., (8) 238 

Woodward, Harriet E., (8) 238 

Woodward, Harvey 201 

Woodward, Hiram N., (8) 238. 259 

Woodward, Homer S., (8) 238 

Woodward, Isaac 238 

Woodward, Lena M., (8) 23S 

Woodward, Stephen 238 

Woodward, Walter E., (8) 238 

Worden, Geof*ge 197 

Wright, Franl( 215 

Wright, Thomas 215 

Wylie, Emma Caroline, (9) 242 

Wylie, Nathaniel 242 

Wylie, Jane 242 




Almond, Marie L 359 

Asbeniust, Ella 333 


Baker, Franklin 359 

Bancroft, Soloma 296. 298. 317 

Barrere, Eima Sands 310, 311 

Barrere, George W 310. 329 

Barrere, Nelson Hon 329 

Bartiow, Sarah Belle 331. 340 

Beasley, Jeptha 298 

Beasley, Massa 346 

Beasley, Sally 29S 

Beere, C. W 362 

Beere, Don J., (11) 326 

Beere, Marguerite, (11) 326 

Beere, Ward, (11) 326 

Bennett, David 323 

Bennet, George B 328 

Bertz, Lulu 

Blair, James 345 

Boggs, Nancy J 384. 336, 346 

Bowman, Elizabeth Belle, (11) 361 

Bowman, Harvey Glenn, vH) 361 

Bowman, James R 361 

Bowman, Marjorle, (11) 361 

Bowmon, Walter Myers, (11) 361 

Brentllnger, Abram E., (9) 322, 350 

Brentllnger, Abraham, (9) 300 


Brentllnger, Ada Gustava, (10) 350 

Brentllnger, Alvln Amoor^ (10) 350 

Brentllnger, Andrew 320 

Brentllnger, Andrew T., (9) 322. 350 

Brentllnger, Caroline, (9) 320 

Brentllnger, Charles, (9) 322, 350 

Brentllnger, Charles Elmer, (10) 350 

Brentllnger, Cordelia, (9) 320 

Brentllnger, Daniel 321 

Brentllnger, Elizabeth, (9) !.....320 

Brentllnger, Harriet 324, 354 

Brentllnger, Irvll C, (10) I.350 

Brentllnger, John, (9) 320 

Brentllnger, John Henry, (9) 322 

Brentllnger, Levi James, (9) 322, 350 

Brentllnger, Mary, (9) 320 

Brentllnger, Peter, \,., 320 

Brentllnger, Samuel, (9) 322 

Brentllnger, Sarah Ann, (9) 320 

Brentllnger, Sarah Elizabeth, (9).. 322, 350 

Brentllnger, Susie, (9) 320 

Brentllnger, Thomas Elbert, (10) 350 

Brentllnger, Virgil Ray, (10) 350 

Brentllnger, Waldo D., (10) 350 

Brentllnger, William 322, 324 

Buchanan, Jeannette M '.346 

BufTenbarger, Almeda 353 

Bundy, W. E 342. 361 

Bundy, William Sanford, (11).. ..342, 361 
Burden, Parrel, (11) 3^2 



O H I O — Continued. 

Burden, Gerald, (11). 
Burden, Lela, (11)... 

Burden, Louisa 

Burden, Otto 

Burden, Ruth, (11).. 
Burden, V. E. 



Butler, Albert, (9) 323, 352 

Butler,'Allce, (9) 323 

Butler, Cora, (9) 323 

Butler, David 323 

Butler, Esther D., (10) 352 

Butler, Florence, (9) 323 

Butler, Frederick O., (10) 352 

Butler, Grade E., (10) 362 

Butler, Gladys, (10) 352 

Butler, Howard Lee, (10) 353 

Butler, John, (10) 352 

Butler, Lewis, (9) 362 

Butler, Mabel Irene, (10) 353 

Butler, Nellie M., (10) 353 

Butler, Oliver, (10) 352 

Butler, Raleigh P., (10) 352 

Butler, Robert, (9) 322, 363 

Cahlll, Mattle 244 

Campell, Alexander 316 

Canfield, Broy 385 

Canfleld, Sarah, (9) 835 

Carter, Bernard, (10) 352 

Carter, Charles H (9) 821, (10) 352 

Carter, Florence, (10) 352 

Carter, Floyd, (10) 361, 363 

Carter, Harold, (11) 363 

Carter, Iva, (10) 352 

Carter, Joseph H., (10) 352 

Carter, John, (9) 361, 363 

Carter, Nellie M., (11) 363 

Carter, Orville, (11) 363 

Carter, PeaH M., (10) 331 

Carter, Richard D., (11) 363 

Carter, Rodger, (11) 363 

Carter, Samuel 321 

Carter, Sarah Elizabeth, (9) 

321, 361, 362, 863 

Carter, William 321, 350, 362, 363 

Charles, Ada, (10) 361 

Charles, Bertha Lee, (10) 361 

Charlev, Corlls D., (10) 361 

Charles, David M., (10) 361 

Charles, Luclnda> (10) 361 

Charles, Samuel, (10) 361 

Carter, Sarah A., (9) 348 

Clover, Florence Evallne 236, 860 

Cowan, Alice 364 

Cummins, IMary 361, 363 

Dalon, Marguerite 340 

Daugherty, J. P. Elder 307 


Dean, Samantha 344 

Davis, Catherine Gardner, (10) 349 

Davis, Edith Irene, (10) .349 

Davis, Howard Irvil, (10) 349 

Davis, Leslie Manard, (10) 349 

Davis, Rufus L 349 

Davis, Rufus Perclval, (10) 349 

De Ford, Oilie 360 

De Vore, Abner 834, 343 

De Vore, Ada B., (10) 344 

De Vore, Addle, (10) 344 

De Vore, Alice N., (10) 344 

De Vore, Benjamin F., (9) 334, 343 

De Vore, Bertha, (10) 343 

De Vore, Carey M., (9) 334, 344 

De Vore, Catherine, (10) 343 

De Vore, Charles R., (9) 334, 336, (10) 343 

De Vore, Cora, (10) 344 

,De Vore, Crawford, (10) 343 

De Vore, Edward C 343 

De Vore, Eva, (10) 344 

De Vore, George R., (10) 344 

De Vore, Harry E., (TO) 346 

De Vore, Henry A., (10) 343 

De Vore, John E., (10) 344 

De Vore, John W., (9) 334, 344 

De Vore, Joseph L., (10). 343 

De Vore, Julia B., (9) 334, 343 

De Vore, Laura E., (10) 344 

De Vore, Lewis, (10) 344 

De Vore, Llla E., (10) 345 

De Vore, Llliie F., (10) 343 

De Vore, Louis G., (9) 344 

De Vore, Louisa M., (10) 343 

De Vore, Ethel, (lO) 344 

De Vore, Mamie M., (10) 34i 

De Vore, Mary Oma, (10) 344 

De Vore, Mollie D., (10) 344 

De Vore, Nellie, (10) 343 

De Vore, Ora S., (10) 344 

De Vore, Samuel, (10) ^ 344 

De Vore, Stanley Ray, (10) 344 

De Vore, Stephen N., (10) 344 

De Vore, Wilbur C, (10) 844. 

De Vore, William C, (10) 844 

Dooiittle, Jesse 335 

Dooiittie, Mark R 836 

Dugan, Jesse 343. 

Dugan, Paul, (11) 34a 

Eldred, Tamer 333 

Elliot, Adallne 381 

Elliot, Ella 837 

Elliot, Susanna 837 

Ellis, America, (8) 813 

Elmer, Gertrude 343 

Eyier, Emma Jane 846 




O H I O-^oontinued. 

Fairfield, Almond Crockett, (10) 369 

Fairfield, Elizabeth, (9) 327 

Fairfield, Evelyn, (10) 35S 

Fairfield, Frances Helen, (10) 259 

Fairfield, George 323. 324, 358 

Fairfield, George Howe, (10) 359 

Fairfield, Horace, (9) 323. 358 

Fairfield, John W 327 

Fatrflold, Lewiv William, (9) 323. 359 

Fairfield, Minnie D., (10) 35S 

Fairfield, Myra Olivia, (10) 359 

Fairfield, Ora Guy, (10) 360 

Fairfield, Paul C, (10) 359 

Fairfield, Rachel, (10) 359 

Fairfield, Richard O., (10) 368 

Fairfield, Roger, (10) 369 

Fairfield, Ruth M., (1u) 359 

Fairfield, Sarah Elizabeth, (9) 360 

Fairfield, Thomas, (9) 327 

Falrfleid, Thomas Gardner, (10) 359 

Flannery, Henderson, (10) 340 

Ford, Nellie 327, 360 

Foster, Charles Alexander, (10) 340 

hoster, John Edward, (10) 340 

Ford, Nellie 337. 360 

Foster, William Jesse, (lOy 340 


Gardner, Albon Crocker 296 

Gardner, Benjamin 291 


Gardner, Abraham 291, 314 

Gardner, Albon Bancroft 296, 817 

Gardner, Benjamin 291, 317 

Gardner, Caroline 296 

Gardner, CharloUe 291 

Gardner, Clarissa 291 

Gardner, Cornelia S 296 

Gardner, Hannah 296 

Gardner, Henry 291, 313 

Qardner,Jane S 296 

Gardner, Lucy ^91, 313 

Gardner, IMatthew 291. 298 

Gardner, Phlneas 291 

Gardner, Rodman 291, 313 

Gardner, Seth 291, 310 

Gardner, Simeon 291 

Gardner, Telottaey 296 

Gardner, William 291 


Gardner, Abraham 314, 324 

Gardner, Albon Luther 817, 336 

Gardner, Amanda 313 

Gardner, Austin H 317. 387 

Gardner, Barton Pressley 298. 330 

Gardner, Barton Beasley 298, 230 


Gardner, Benjamin 314. 321 

Gardner, Benjamin Wright 310 

Gardner, Caroline 314, 326 

Gardner, Charles Herbert 317. 838 

Gardner, Claretta 313 

Gardner, Clarissa 314, 323 

Gardner, Clark 313 

Gardner, Eliza Jane 314. 320 

Gardner, Elizabeth 314, 327 

Gardner, EInathan Matthew 298 

Gardner, George B 310. 327 

Gardner, George W 298. 331 

Gardner, James Alexander 298, 334 

Gardner, Jeptha Monroe 298. 332 

Gardner, John Wesley 313 

Gardner, John Wickliffe 298. 334 

Gardner, Julia Elmlra 298. 334 

Gardner, Lizzie Lincoln 317 

Gardner, Luclnda Eliza 298, 333 

Gardner, Lucy ...' 314, 321 

Gardner, Louisa 313, 333 

Gardner, Martha 313 

Gardner, Marlnda 314, 32S 

Gardner, Mary Jane 298 

Gardner, Mary Wales 317. 338 

Gardner, Matthew 313 

Gardner, Mills 310, 328 

Gardner, Roscoe Gay lord 317. 336 

Gardner, Sally 298, 331 

Gardner, Sarah 314, 323 

uardner, Sarah Salome 317. 337 

Gardner, Thomas 313 

Gardner, Thomas F 310, 330 

Gardner,U rsula 314, 321 


Gardner, Charles F 330. 348, 360 

Gardner, Charles Ford 337 

Gardner, Charles Morris 324, 354 

Gardner, Charles Walter 335, 345 

Gardner, Cora Lee 336, 360 

Gardner, Edith Hortense 328 

Gardner, Ella 321. 349 

Gardner, EInathan M 332. 339 

Gardner, Emma Marlah 332 

Gardner, Eugene R 338 

Gardner, Frederick Eugene 836 

Gardner, George Albon 335 

Gardner, George F 332, 339 

Gardner, George Washington. 331, 336. 846 

Gardner, Gertrude 328 

Gardner, Grace S38 

Gardner, Grace G 327. 347 

Gardner, Hattle May 836 

Gardner, Hrace W .....824, 353 

Gardner, Kate Saloma 336 

Gardner, Katharine 321, 348 

Gardner, James D 332, 346 

Gardner, John D 832. 839 

Gardner, John Franklin 331 

Gardner, Lawrence V 838 



'O H I O — Continued. 


Gardner, Lewis Oscar 836, 846 

Gardner, Malinda Alice 335 

Gardner, Marjorle 838 

Gardner, Martha Anna 331 

Gardner, Mary C 332, 340 

Gardner, Mary Jane 324 

Gardner, Millie 821 

Gardner, Mllo 321, 849 

Gardner, Nannie 880 

Gardner, Nellie 321, 349 

Gardner, Sarah 321 

Gardner, Sarah Allen 831 

Gardner, Sarah M 332. 839 

Gardner, Stacy Emerson 335 

Gardner, Su«an 321 

Gardner, Thomas H 382, 340 

Gardner, Water Scott 824. 3^4 

Gardner, William A 334 

Gardner, William Matthew 

381, 382. 340, 347 

Gardner, Wesley Beacher 332 


Gardner, Audrey 353 

Gardner, Belle W 339 

Gardner, Bonnie Loretta 854, 364 

Gardner, Carey 343 

Gardner, Charles Abram I..854, 364 

Gardner, Charles H 346 

Gardner, Charles W. M 339 

Gardner, Elmer C 339 

Gardner, Eugene Myron 346 

Gardner, Grace Ann 840 

Gardner, Harry Willis 854 

Gardner, Horace 368 

Gardner, Jeannette G 349 

Gardner, Jesse J 340 

Gardner, Leia 345 

Gardner, Louis Carl 340 

Gardner, Lowell F 839 

Gardner, Lulu M 339 

Gardner, M. Florence 339 

Gardner, Nannie L 339 

Gardner, Nina Belle 340 

Gardner, Osa Lee 340 

Gardner, Roger 368 

Gardner, Stacy Earl 346 

Gardner, Thomas B 34G 

Gardner, Walter G 345 

Gardner, Wesley E 343 

Gardner, Wllbort S 346 

Gardner, Wilbur R 343 

Gardner, Viola Florence 346 


Gardner, Clara (Lambert) 365 

Gardner, Elma Sands, (Barrere) 311 

Gardner, Lillian May (Stickney) 355 

Gardner, Sarah, (White) 318 

Gautz, Charlev Wilbur David, (11) 364 

Gautz, Lawrence Henry 364 


Glerhart, Oral E 851 

Godfred, Jessie, (11) 843 

Godfred, Marie, (11) 343 

Godfred, Samuel Rev 348 

Golden, Sarah Elizabeth 360 

Gray, Alice 346 

Grifnth, Mollle 339 

Grimes, Carrie, (9) 839 

Grimes, Jane 342 

Grimes, Sarah M 339 

Grimes, Simeon, (9) 339 

Grimes, William 339 

GrofT, Rachel 821, 349 

Gross, Daniel 348 

Gross, Ethel Estell, (10) 849 

Gross, Helen May, (10) 349 

Gross, Walter A., (10) 349 

Hamer, Amos W .\...333, 341, 361 

Hamer, Basse M., (10) 341 

Hamer, James C, (10) 341 

Hamer, Matthew, (10) 341 

Hamer, Nancy Eliza, (10) 341, 361 

Hamer, Sarah B 361 

Hamer, Susan Eimira, (10) 341 

Hamer, Thomas B. (10) 341 

Hamer, William S., (10) 341 

Hamilton, Mary B 358 

Hanks, Edith Adell 340 

Harris, Carlyle Sheridan, (9) 338 

Harris, Madeline Gardner, (9) 338 

Harris, Sheridan P 338 

Harruf, Sarah 1 352 

Harshbarger, Ada, (10) 359 

Harshbarger, Charles, (9) 826. 359 

Harshbarger, Dewey, (10) 859 

Harshbarger, Enos, (9) 326 

Harshbarger, George 326 

Harshbarger, Ida, (9) 826, 359 

Harshbarger, Ida May, (10) 369. 360 

Hatfield, Harry 844 

Hathaway, Jane A 348 

Hawks, Lucy 291. 296, 310. 818, 814 

Heston, Jane 862 

Hlte, Albert, (10) 332 

HIte, Jennie Llnd 882 

Hlte, Jesse Dugan 382 

Hlte, Leona, (10) 332 

Holmes, Dora A /.333 

Holmes, Edward EInathan, (9) 

300, 384, 342 

Hopkins, James Marlon, (9) 834 

Hopkins, Samuel H 308, 334. 342 

Hopkins, Sarah Ruth, (9) 300, 384. 342, 361 

Howe, Ina Maud 369 

Howeils, Matilda 317 

Jenkins, Charlev W 363 

Jenkins, Oonald W., (11) 86& 



OHIO— Continued. 


Jeuklns, Marguerite, (11) 363 

Jolly, Alexander, (8) 813 

Jolly, Benjamin Gardner, (8) 318 

Jolly, Charlotte, (8) 313 

Jolly, Clara, (8) 313 

Jolly, Luclnda, (8) 313, 330, 361 

Jurden, Julia 340 

► Kelsey, George 326 

Kendall, Dora 345 

KInkade, Llllle 343 

Kinney, Belle, (10) 331 

Kinney, George, (10) 331 

Kinney, Hattle, (10) 331 

Kinney, Henry 331 

Kinney, Maud, (10) 331 

Lambert, Clara 854, 865 

Lambert, Gabriel 855 

Lambert, Nancy 355 

Lathrop, Anson 268 

Lathrop, Burr 358 

Lathrop, Caroline C 856 

Lathrop, Henry 358 

Lathrop, John ...356, 357, 258 

Lathrop, Samuel 358 

Lawlll, Tina 344 

Layman, Frank 863 

Leedon, Effle V., (10) 342 

Leedon, Eva L., (10) 842, 861 

Leedon, John Oliver, (11) 343 

Leedon, John P 842, 361 

Leedon, Sarah Ruth 361 

Leedon, Wilbur H., (10) ;....842 

Lleberman, C. A 844 

LIndsey, Albert Franklin, (10) 841 

LIndsey, Barton Beatley, (9) 333 

LIndsey, Bernlce Maud, (11) 833 

LIndsey, Bertha Bell, (10) 341 

LIndsey, Cary Alford, (10) 841 

LIndsey, Charles Oscar, v8) 338 

LIndsey, Clarence Marlon, (10) 341 

LIndsey, Dexter Marshall, (10).. 341 

LIndsey, Flora E., (10) 341 

LIndsey, Franklin Sherman, (9) 341 

LIndseyy, George William, (9) 833 

Lndsey, Ida Myrtle, (10) 341 

LIndsey, John Gardner, (9) 383 

LIndsey, Mary Maria, (9) 833, 841 

LIndsey, Sarah Bell, (9) 838, 841, 861 

Logan, Bond W., (10) 851