.JNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY
3 1833 02346 516
Gc 929.2 W276
The Garsdon branch of the
W a 5 h i n q t o n f " a m i 1 y
?A^ ,._ .^-^_.. ^
All Saints' Church, Parish of Garsdon, North Wilts, England, |
(rebuilt, all except the tower, in 1855) I
Within which are the Graves of Five Members of the Washington Family, j
WITH Monuments, Inscriptions, etc.
M,en CuntV P"W'^, ^*^
CONCERNING LIFE INSURANCE.
1. — Of the healthy men of the country between the ages of twenty and fifty years
about one per cent, will die this year.
2. — During the next ten years considerably (t?'(;' otic-tenth of the loholc number
3, — Most people die sooner than they expect to, and before they feel that their
life-work is done.
4. — Very few ^jr/^r/ to leave their families unprovided for, but very many do not
leave them as much as they desire.
5. — By life insurance a man can secure, for a small annual outlay, a large sum at
his death. Thus his family will be provided for, whether he lives one year or twenty.
6. — Even if a man have property, a large estate but slightly encumbered is often
subjected to heavy sacrifices in its settlement. A life polity puts the heirs in posses-
sion of ready cash and prevents such sacrifices.
7. — A life insurance policy in a sound company is the safest and best investment
a man of small means can make for his family. It is a fortune bought on installments,
the burden of payment decreasing as the burden of age and infirmities increases.
When death makes it needed, it is payable, and all further paymentsyf^r it cease.
8. — The best business men, the leaders in finance, commerce, trade, and the great
productive enterprises of the country, insure. If their sagacity had not discovered,
their experience would have taught them the value and importance of life insurance.
Too many of their compeers, who formerly were tlicir oft-successful competitors,
have succumbed to commercial disaster, leaving their families nothing but their life
9. — In the eye of the law life insurance is a sacred duty, as its provisions jireserve
it inviolable from administrators and creditors, who so often eat into and consume an
estate. The amount of a life policy is paid direct, by check or draft from the company,
to the beneficiary. It is taken out in the name of the beneficiary — hence, is not part of
the estate, cannot be touched for the debts of the insured, if reasonable in amount,
and is not subject to administration.
10, — To the poor man life insurance offers the only certain method of protecting
his family against absolute poverty ; to the man of moderate means it offers the only
certain method of securing his family a competence; to the rich man it offers a con-
tinuance ofample provision for his family in case of disaster, and an increase of avail-
able cash at death in case of prosperity. It offers to all indemnity against the loss to
which all are exposed by the possibility of early death ; it converts the probability of
long life, and a small sum of money, iii'.o a large sum of money in case of early death.
The Washington Family
"NEW-YORK LIFE" EDITION.
From Aubrey^ s '■^Collections for IVilts.'" Garcsdcn, p. 2j.
" Mem : That one Moody was footeman to King Henry tlie
Eighth, who, falHng from his horse when he was hawking (I
think on Harncslow-heath), fell with his head in the mudde,
with which, Ijeing fat and heavy, he had been suffocated to
death, had he not been timely relieved by his footeman Moody;
for which service, after the dissolution of the Abbies, he gave
him the Manour of Garesden."
Sir Lawrence Washington purchased the Manor of Garsdon
from the Moody family about 1640.
THEO. L. DE VINNE & CO.
The above Engraving is from a rhotogra|)h of the Coat of Arms which sur-
mountc.l Sir Lawrence Washington's .Mural iMonumcnt in Garsdon Church, being
a combination of the Washington Arms with that of Anne his Wife, who belonged
to the Lewyn family, County Kent.
D Coat of \rn[s.
SOME NEW AND INTERESTING INFORMATION.
THE circulation, by the New- York Life Insurance Company,
of the Washington chart and pamphlet, showing origin
of the Stars and Stripes, has awakened much interest in the sub-
ject, and has elicited from a policy-holder of the Company in
England, Rev. Thomas Sill Gray, D. D., rector of All Saints'
Church, Garsdon, information respecting five members of the
Washington family who lie buried in the parish church of
Garsdon, near Malmesbury, in North Wilts. This information
is reprinted herewith, from the text of Rev. Dr. Gray's pam-
phlet, together with engravings of the Garsdon Church, the
ruined Abbey at Malmesbury, the Washington Coat of Arms
from the Manor House at Garsdon, and the Coat of Arms from
the mural monument to Sir Lawrence Washington in Garsdon
Church. A genealogical chart has also been added, in which
the descent of George Washington is shown through six gen-
erations, also the relationship of the Washingtons buried at
It is interesting to note the changes in the Washington Coat
of Arms. First we have the stars and stripes; three red five-
pointed stars, and two red stripes or bars upon a white back-
ground. Next, this is surmounted by a raven issuing from a
ducal coronet. It was in this form that General Washington used
it. The illustration on page 6, which is from a photograph of
The PVashiiigtcii Faiuily and Coat of Anns.
the stone belonging at the Garsdon Manor House, shows, in ad-
dition, stars with rounded points, a crescent, and two Jerusalem
crosses, all in gilt. Finally the stag's head of the Lewyn family
is added and the raven and coronet omitted, in the Coat of Arms
surmounting the mural monument at Garsdon. Mr. Tuffley, the
author of the Washington chart and pamphlet before referred to,
ventures the suggestion that the ducal coronet may have come
from the connection by marriage with the family of the Duke
of Buckingham. There would seem to be some reason why
the ducal connection — whatever it may have been — was less
esteemed by the Washingtons of Garsdon than the connection
that had supplied the Jerusalem crosses, round-pointed stars,
and crescent. Is there a suggestion of the crusades here ? We
merely ask the question, and leave it for those who are experts
in heraldry to answer.
Since the above was in type, we have received a letter from
Dr. Gray, inclosing one from the Heralds College, London, in
which this " quartering " is described " gules, a cross flcry
between four cinque-foils, or," by which we understand, a red
shield, with floivcring eross and four einqnc-foih in gold. This,
it is said, " appertains to the family of Manning, County Kent,
and implies that a Washington married an heiress of Manning."
The name Manning does not appear, however, in the genealogy
of Lawrence Washington of Garsdon, as supplied by the
Heralds College. The first Lawrence Washington had four sons ;
one was the ancestor of George Washington and another of the
Garsdon Washingtons. It is scarcely too much to hope that, as
Mr. Tuffley's pamphlet brought to public notice the record of
the Garsdon branch, so Dr. Gray's pamphlet may discover the
fortunes of the other two sons, and perhaps answer the question
in reference to the Coat of .^Vrms.
Xhe Qarsdon Branch
BY THE REV. THOMAS SILL GRAY, D. D.
SO far as it can be ascertained, the following account of the
Washington Family has never been given in any of the
published sketches of the life of George Washington, the Amer-
It seems not to be known by the Biographers of Washington
that the remains of at least five of the family lie buried within
the country Church of Garsdcn in North Wilts.
About two miles from the ancient Town of Malmesbury (re-
nowned for its interesting Abbey, which, though for the most
part a ruin, is no doubt one of the most valuable archaeological
relics in England) is the rural Parish of Garsdon. The Church,
with its time-worn tower, is prettily situated on the rising
ground, and contains a mural monument and three marble slabs,
memorials of the Washington Family.
Sir Lawrence Washington, here interred, was the son of
Lawrence Washington of Maidstone, grandson of Lawrence
Washington,'Esq., of Sulgrave in Northants, and cousin* to John
Washington, the founder of the American Family, whose great-
grandson was George Washington the Patriot.
It is an undoubted fact that this branch of the Washington
Family occupied the Manor House at Garsdon, which was then
* As we trace the genealogy, he was cousin to John Washington's father.
In a late note from Dr. Gray he takes the same view. — Editor.
The Garsdoii Branch of
a noble Mansion, with a magnificent Park ; only a very small
portion of the House now remains, and is occupied by a farmer.
The Washington Coat of Arms was removed from this house
thirty years ago, and can now be seen at a farm-house three
miles distant. [The following illustration is from a photograph
taken at the instance of Dr. Gray, and by him sent to the NeW-
YoRK Life Insurance Company. The stone, he writes,
weighs about one cwt., and is covered with red paint. Under-
neath this, however, were found the original colors — viz., lines
dividing it into quarters, black ; pointed stars and bars, red ;
rounded star?, crosses, and crescent, gilt. — Editor.]
The mural monument in Garsdon Church must have been
handsome; it is of gilt and painted freestone, with marble
The PVashington Family. 7
columns of the Corinthian order, but is now very much dilapi-
dated, having been taken down thirty years ago, during the re-
building of the Chancel, and never replaced.
The inscription, which is on an oval slab of black marble in-
closed in a wreath, is as follows :
To the Memory of Sr
Kt lately chiefe Register of the
Chauncery of known Pyety of
Charitye exemplarye A louinge
Husband A tender Father A boun-
tifull Master A constant Relieuer oi
the Poore and to those of this Parish A
perpetuall Benefactour Whom it pleased-
God to take unto his Peace from the fury
of the insuing Warrs Oxon Maij 14''' Here
interred 24'° Ano. Dni. 1643° yEtat Suae 64"
Where allso lyeth Dame Anne his wife who
deceased Junij 13'" and was buried i6'° Ano
Hie Patrios cineres curauit filius Urna
Condere qui tumulo nunc jacet Ille plus.
The pious Son his Parents here inter'd
Who hath his share in Urne for them prepar'd.
When the present Rector was instituted to the living of
Garsdon in 1877, he found to his dismay that this Memorial had
been removed from the Church and Parish, without a faculty
from the proper authorities, for transport to America. After
some little trouble and difficulty, he recovered possession of this
ancient Monument, and it now awaits restoration before being
reinstated in its former position.
8 The Garsdoii Bniiich of
The first of the memorial slabs on the floor of the Chancel is
in memory of Sir Lawrence Washington's only son. It bears
the following inscription :
Here Lyeth ye Body of Lavrence
Washington Esqr the only Son
of Sr Lavrence Washington who
Departed this life Jan 17 was
Bvried Feb 11 Ano. Dni. 1661 and
Inclosed By Elinor his Wife
April 18 Ano. Dni. 1663
^tat Suae 39.
En mercede virum Pensatum muner[a djigna
Prospicit ille suis diua supesta sibi
Behold how duty well perform'd is paide
. His Sire he him here his deerst hath laide.
The second slab is in memory of Sir Lawrence Washington's
Daughter, and bears the inscription :
Sacrum Memorise Annae Fiyae
Lavrentij Washington Eqvitis
Et vxoris Christophcri Gise
Hie Sepvltai Jvnij 4'° An : Do:
1642 /Etat Svae 20.
The third slab is in memory of the Widow of Lawrence Wash-
ington, Esq., afterward Lady Pargiter, and is inscribed as follows :
Here lyes ye body of Dame
Elienor Pargiter 2"" Daughter
of Wm. Guise of Elmore in ye
County of Gloucester Esqr
First married to Lawrence
Washington Esq. afterwards
to Sr Wm. Pargiter of Gritt
The H^ashiiigtou Family. 9
worth in ye County of North
Hampton Kt. Who departing
this life the 19* Day of July in
the Year of Our Lord 1685
ordered her remains to be
deposited here in hopes of
a blessed Resurrection.
This Lady Pargiter presented to Garsdon Church the year
before her decease (1684), a solid silver Communion Service of
massiv^e weight, which is pronounced by competent judges to be
the most perfect of that date ; it is in an admirable state of pres-
ervation. All the pieces (four in number) are engraved with
the Sacred Monogram within a halo, including the Cross and
They are thus inscribed :
"This was given by the Lady Pargiter to Garsdon Church,
shee was formerly Wife to Lawrence Washington, Esq., who
both lye buryed here."
The Rector of Garsdon is most anxious to restore the Wash-
ington Mural Monument, to improve the Church, and also to
build a school-room for holding Sunday School, Meetings, Classes,
and Parochial Library, &c., there being no room of any kind in
the parish available for these purposes. A freehold site has
been very generously given by the Earl of Suffolk, who is Lord
of the Manor, and a few contributions have been received, but
only a very small portion of the necessary funds (about iS^/oo)
can be raised within the parish, which is a very poor one, the
population consisting chiefly of the laboring class.
These necessary works would have been undertaken long ago,
had it not been essential to rebuild the Church in the adjoining
village of Lea, which was in such a dilapidated condition that it
had been closed for some years. This has now been accom-
lo The Garsdoii Branch of
plished at a cost of over ;^2,ooo. The collection of so larije a
sum within a few years renders it the more difficult to obtain
money for the necessary work at Garsdon.
Therefore an appeal is made with confidence to the public,
especially in America, in hopes that the means will be forth-
coming to carry out these undertakings, which will prove a
lasting memorial to the revered and honored name of
It is proposed to call the school "The Washington ^Memorial
Contributions will be most thankfulh' received and acknowl-
edged by the
Rev. THOMAS SILL GRAY, D. D.,
The New-York Life Insurance Company will under-
take to forward any contributions that ma\- be sent to it for the
purpose named above. The object is worth}^ in itself, and
worthy in the name it will commemorate.
The PVashington Family.
John Washington, of Warton.
Lawrence Washington, lawyer, of Gray's Inn, London, grantee, from Henry VIII., of Sulgrave
Manor, in 1538 ; twice Mayor of Northampton, as shown by tablets now in Town Hall; brass tablet in
church at Sulgrave, erected after his wife's death, in 1564, has spaces fir date of his own death, and
says he had four sons and seven daughters.
With consent of his eldest son and heir, sold Sulgrave in
Lawrence Washington, of Maidstone,
County Kent, Register of H. M. Court of
Chancery, died 1619 ; buried at Maid-
eldest son after sale of .Sul-
grave, with his consent, re-
tired to Brington ; died 1616.
Robert Washington, died
1622; memorial tablet in
Great Brington Church,
Sir Willia.m 'u'.^shington,
knighted by James I., mar-
ried half-sister of George
Villiers, Duke of Bucking-
Sir Lawri:nce Washington, purchased
Garsdon Manor about 1640; died 1643;
buried at Garsdon with wife Anna; mural
monument in Garsdon Church. See illus-
tration and inscription, pages 2 and 7.
John Wash- Lawrence W.,
INGTON, student at
knighted at Brasenose
Newmarket College, Ox-
1622; emigra- ford, 1622 ;
ted to Amer- came to Amer-
ica 1657; will ica 1657.
ton, buried at Gars-
don. Elienor, his
wife (afterward wife
of Sir William Par-
giter), also buried
at Garsdon. Seep.8.
Guise; died 16/2;
buried at Garsdon.
See p. 8.
child, buried at
Robert, First Earl
Ferrers, who held
and occupied Gars-
don for many years.
Feb. 22, 1732;
died Dec. 14,
FIVE REASONS WHY
I]ew-York Life Ii]surar]ce Cio.
GOOD COMPANY TO INSURE IN,
It is a Large and Strong Company. It has been in operation over thirty-
nine years and it has the stability which age and success bring. It has over sixty-nine
thousand policies in force, covering nearly two hundred millions of insurance, and
holds in trust over fifty-five million dollars. After providing for all its liabilities, its
surplus is over ten million dollars by the standard of the State.
It is a Purely Mutual Company, It never had capital stock, nor stock-
holders. It is owned by the insured themselves, and is managed by persons of their
own selection and in their own interest. Profits are divided among policy-holders
exclusively. They thus secure their insurance at low cost with absolute security.
It is a Liberal and Progressive Company. In i860 the New-York Life
broke the iron rule of absolute forfeiture in case of default in payment of premiums,
by the issue of non-forfeiture policies. It anticipated the New-York State law on this
subject, in time by over nineteen years, and in liberality to the insured, by giving more
paid-up insurance than the law requires. It issues a liberal contract of insurance
and construes it liberally in the interest of the insured when it becomes a claim.
It is a Rapidly Growing Company. During the ten years just ended fol-
lowing the panic of 1873, the New-York Life has more than doubled its
assets, increased its insurance by sixty per cent., and paid policy-holders over forty-
nine million dollars. During these ten years its interest income has exceeded its
losses by death by over four million dollars, and its annual income has increased from
eight to thirteen million dollars.
It is a Prudently Managed Company. In estimating its liabilities the
New-York Life employs the severest standard, and so keeps its surplus about
five million dollars larger than required by the law by which its solvency would be
tested. It thus keeps a strip of neutral ground between the line established by itself
as a safety-line, and the line established by law as the "dead-line." Hence, no
unusual losses, no sudden depression in the prices of secui-ities, no
panic, no hard times, nor all of these combined, can so reduce its sur-
plus as seriously to embarrass the Company.
I]ew-York Life Ii]surai]ce (5o.
ORGANIZED 1845. -^ PURELY MUTUAL
Assets, Jan. I, 1884, over - = ^- $55,500,000.
Surplus, " " - . . = 10,000,000.
Income, 1883, over - - ■= 13,000,000.
THE NEW-YORK LIJ'E INSURANCE COMPANY issues all ap-
proved forms of policies on the purely mutual plan. Its Non-forfeiting Limited-
Tontine Policies are the most profitable policies written by any life company.
The five-option feature, by which, at the end of the Tontine period, the policy may
1)6 adjusted to the circumstances of the insured, has gained for this policy the desig-
natioTi of " the best form of insurance of the age." These options are as follows:
1. The policy may be continued at original premium rate, and the accu-
mulated surplus applied to the payment of future premiums.
2. The jiolicy may be continued by the payment of ]iremiums, and the accu- 1|;
L mulated surplus withdra-wn in cash. j|^
i) OR, Is
^\ 3. The i)olicy may be surrendered, and the entire value of policy and
' surplus may be withdrawn in cash.
;; OR, • ^
I 4. The policy may be surrendered, and its entire value and surplus con-
(! verted into a paid-up policy, under certain conditions named in the policy.
i! 5. The policy may be surrendered, and its entire value and surplus may
be converted into an annuity for life.
■I 'Ihe figures under each of these options are submitted to the insured before the
y. expiration of the time in which he must make his choice, so that he may know
just what he is to receive, and may choose whichever is best adapted to his
lii For estimates on Tontine Investment Policies, X on -forfeiting Limited -Tontine
Policies, or Guaranteed-Dividend Policies, address
NEW-YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO.
346 & 348 Broadway, New-York.
MORRIS FRANKLIN, Presilsnt.
WILLIAM H. BEERS, Yice-President ana Actuary.
HENRY TUCK, 2d Yioe-Presilent.
, JUN 94
1 „, ^' N. MANCHESTER,
\Bound -To -Pleas# ,ndi/^na 46962