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Full text of "Gazetteer and business directory of Rutland county, Vt., for 1881-82"

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Quarrying Machinery, Slate Planers, Stone Sawing Machinery, 

Stone Moulding Machines, 

Stone Turning Lathes, Pohshing Lathes and Polishing Machinery of 
Every Description. 

OAll Kinds of Machine Work Done at Short Notice O 

And in a thorough, workmanlike manner. 

New and Second Hand Machinery constantly on hand for Sale or Exchange. 

Strongs Avenue, - Rutland, Vt. 



C?:::^ under bates HOUSE, ^2^:0 


c:;:r^\viioLESALE and retail dealer in-t::::) 

iuad ^ (<^/t)eme^ned 


Pills, Fluid Extracts, [lixirs and Ptiarmaceutical Preparations 

•i — iil^liiii'— — 

A FhII Line of Artists' Materials 

Always in Stock, comprising Windsor & Newton's Tube Paints, Canvass, 
Brushes, Palettes, etc., which we guarantee fresh, and prices satisfactory. 

Our Facilities for Filling Orders from the Country 

(Especially from Physicians) are the best and will always receive prompt 

attention, and as far as prices and quaUty of goods are concerned, 


|i?e 1^ I |ill f liffi li f ewi mi |iiiiiie Im feufielve^ ! 


A. W. HIGGINS, - Proprietor, 

Ji-/ Merchants 'Row, Sates House 2)rug Stoi^e, 

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'• He that hath much to do, will do something wrong, and of that wrong must suffer the conse- 
quonce.s ; and if it were possible that he should always act rightly, yet when such numbers are 
to judge of his conduct, the bad will censure and obstruct him by malevolence, and the good 
sometimes by mistake." — Samuel Johnson. 


Printed at the Journal Office, 

August, 1881. 


Almanac or Calendar for 20 Years. 



B A 




D C 














F E 








C B 












I 81522129 

2 9,162330 

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ig 26 

Jan. and Oct, 





Thurs. Wed. 

Sun. Sat. j Frid'y. Thurs 







Feb., March, j ^^ 












Sept. and 

April and 






Sat. 'Frid'y. 
Sun. i Sat. 

Mon. Sun. 
Tues. Mon. 


Wed. j Tues. 

Tues. Mon. 

Wed. Tues. 

Thurs. Wed. 

Frid'y. Thurs. 

Sat. Frid'y. 

Sun> Sat. 





Mon. Sun. 


F I' G 






Explanation. — Find the Year and observe the Letter above it ; tlien look for the Month, and 
ilk 8, Jioevtyjll it find the Letter of the Year ; above the Letter find the Day and the figures ou the 
jef t, in the «'a:«e lino, are the days of the same name in the month. 

• Lea{),years have two letters ; the first is used till the end of February, the second during the 
remJirndef of the year. 



In presenting to the public the ■' Gazetteer and Business Directory of 
Rutland County," we desire to return our sincere thanks to all who have 
kindly aided in obtaining the information it contains, and rendered it possible 
to present it in the brief space of time in which it is essential such works 
should be completed. Especially are our thanks due to the several editors 
of the county papers for the uniform kindness they have evinced in caUing 
pubMc attention to our efforts, and for essential aid in furnishing material for 
the work, particularly the manager and editors of the Rutland Herald, who 
have so kindly opened to our perusal their valuable file of papers. We have 
also found valuable aid from the writings of Mr. Henry Hall ; also in A. N. 
Adams' "History of Fairhaven;" Hiel Hollister's "History of Pawlet;" 
JosUn, Frisbie and Ruggles' " History of Poultney and Middletown ; " Paul & 
Parks' " History of Wells ; " J. C. WiUiams' " History of Danby;" also from 
the various authors in Miss Hemenway's " Historical Magazine ; " Caverly's 
"History of Pittsford," and from Beers, EUis & Soule's " Atlas of Rutland 
County." The geological report is extracted from Hitchcocks & Hager's 
" Geology of Vermont Reports of 1861." Our thanks are also due to the clergy 
throughout the county, and to Col. Merritt, Mrs. Cora Jones, Rev. C. A. 
Thomas, Dr. Chauncey L. Case, J. F. McCollam, John A. Conant and S. K. 
Christie, of Brandon ; Rollin Gleason, Dr. J. P. Newton, W. A. Ransom, Philo 
Wilcox, and E. L. Barber, of Benson ; Edwin Congdon, of Clarendon ; Capt. 
Abel E. Leavenworth, of Castleton ; Sheridan C. Gibbs, of Pittsfield ; Capen 
Leonard, of Pittsford ; Dr. J. E. Hitt, formerly of WaUingford, now of Gran- 
ville, N. Y. ; E. R. Allen, Rev. W. H. Sanderson and S. E. Rogers, of Wal- 
hngford ; M. O. Hammond, of Mt. Holly ; Myron M. Dikeman, Seneca 
Root and Cyrus Jennings, of Hubbardton; R. Buel, Jr., of Middletown; 
Rev. E. H. Randall and Rev. C. H. Dunton, of Poultney; Ex-Gov. Redfield 
Proctor, Ex-Gov. John B. Page, Henry Clark, Henry Hall, Luther Daniels, 
L. G. Kingsley, V. C. Meyerhoff'er, Dr. George A. Fox, Dr. John A. Mead 
and Franklin Billings, of Rutland ; Willard Guild, of Shrewsbury ; Aaron S. 
Ketcham, of Sudbury ; Rodney C. Abell and Willard L. Hitchcock, of 
Westhaven; John H. Mead and J. E. Manley, of West Rutland; R. M. 
Lewis, of Wells; and to many others throughout the county who have 
rendered valuable aid. 

That errors have occurred in so great a number of names is probable ; 
and that names have been omitted which should have been inserted is quite 


certain. We can only say that we have exercised more than ordinary dili- 
gence and care in this difficult and complicated feature of book making. 
Of such as feel aggrieved in consequence of errors or omissions, we beg 
pardon, and ask the indulgence of the reader in noting such as have been 
observed in the subsequent reading of the proofs, and which are found in the 
Errata, following the Introduction. 

It was designed to give a brief account of all the church and otlier socie- 
ties in the county, but owing, in some cases, to the negligence of those who 
were able to give the necessary information, and in others, to the inability of 
any one to do so, we have been obliged to omit special notices of a few. 

We would suggest that our patrons observe and become familiar with the 
explanations at the commencement of the Directory. The names it em- 
braces, and the information connected therewith, were obtained by actual 
canvass, and are as correct and reliable as the judgment of those from 
whom they were solicited render practicable. Each agent is furnished with a 
map of the town he is expected to canvass, and he is required to pass over 
every road, and call at every farm house and place of business in the town, 
in order to obtain the facts from the individuals concerned wherever possible. 

The margins have been left broad to enable any one to note changes 
opposite the names. 

The Advertisers represent many of the leading firms and business men of 
this and other counties; and we most cheerfully commend them to the 
patronage of those under whose observation these pages may come. 

We take this occasion to express the hope that the information found in 
these pages will not prove devoid of interest and value, though we are 
fully conscious that the brief history of the county the soppe of the work 
enables us to give, is by no means an exhaustive one, and can only hope 
that it may prove a nucleus and incentive to future historians, who will be 
the better able to do full justice to the subject. 

While thanking our patrons and friends generally for the cordiality with 
which our efforts have been seconded, we leave the work to secure that favor 
which earnest endeavor ever wins from a discriminating public, hoping they 
will bear in mind, should errors be noted, that " he who expects a perfect 
work to see, expects what ne'er was, is, nor yet shall be." 




RUTLAND COUNTY.— On page 39, eighth Hue from the bottom, for 
"convulated" read "convoluted." 

In the historical sketch of the RUTLAND HERALD AND GLOBE, on 
pages 46-47, it should have been stated that Josiah Fay became a partner of 
Samuel Wilhams, Feb. 20, 1797. 

CASTLETON. — Stukley Thornton came from Rhode Island to Danby, 
where his son Stukley was born. About 1777 the family removed to Ira., 
Stukley Jr. married Mary PhilUps, of Pittsford, and had a family of three 
children. Abel, one of his sons, removed from Ira to Castleton in 1851, 
locating upon the farm now owned by Asahel P., son of Abel. [The above 
should have appeared on page 106, in place of the reference there made to 
the family.] 

FAIRHAVEN. — On page 132, seventh line of middle paragraph, for "for 
the friendship of the town of Fairhaven," read "for the friendship he bore 
the town of Fairhaven." 

MEN DON. — On page 149, fifth paragraph, for Z^rt-r/z/j Coiitfs saw-mill 
read Darius CarrutHs saw-mill. 

MIDDLETOWN. — E. W. Gray's steam saw and grist mill, foundry and 
cider mill, is located on Poultney R.iver, at Middletown Springs. Mr. Gray 
manufactures 500,000 feet of lumber, about 500 agricultural implements, 1000 
dozen hoe-handles, 1000 barrels of cider, and five tons of cider jelley per year, 
doing custom-work in his grist-mill. The foundry department was established 
by Henry Gray, father of the present proprietor, in 1848, he continuing in the 
business until 1852, when it was taken by E. W. Henry was one of the early 
business men of the town, having come here in 1809, and was thereafter an 
active worker, dying in 1865. 

RUTLAND. — On page 197, nineteenth line, for "sound" read "round." 

Green's cheese factory, located on road 15, built in 1866, uses the milk 
from 500 cows, manufacturing 150,000 lbs. of cheese per year. 

On page 213, eighth hne from the bottom, for "increased firing" read 
" incessant firmg." 

On page 227, fourth hne from the bottom, for "parish" read "point." 

SHREWSBURY. — On page 234, first fine of last paragraph, for "ex- 
terior" read "interior." 



Benson — coaxes JAMES M. instead of Coats, as printed on page 

*NEVVTON JASPER P. instead of Joseph P. as printed on page 263. 

PATTISON' ROBERT H. is a patron of this work. 

PECK. JOHN F. is a patron of this work. 

Brandon— *BOYNTON & Manchester, (Brandon,) druggists, 

&c. See page 588. 
BRIGGS GEO., (Brandon,) (Ormsbee & Briggs,) (Briggs & Forbes,) town 

clerk, &c. 
*BRIGGS & FORBE.S, (Brandon,) (Geo. Briggs and Cornele H. Forbes,) 

general insurance agents. 
DOUGLASS HOUSE, (Brandon,) John E. Rutledge, proprietor. 
FORBES CORNELE H., (Brandon,) (Briggs & Forbes.) justice of peace, 

&c., as on page 274. 
*HINDS EDWARD D., (Brandon,) r 42, prop. Redpath stallion, breeder 

of Spanish merino sheep and farmer 280. 
Kittredge Herbert W., (Brandon,) principal Brajidon Graded School, 

Seminary place. 
Rowe George A., instead of George H. as on page 285. 
SPRAGUE COUNTER AND STAY CO., (Brandon,) Nathan T. Sprague, 

&c., instead -of Nathan S. as on page 287. 
SPRAGUE NATHAN T., instead of Nathan S. as prmted on page 287. 
*\\TNSLOW CHAS. M., (Brandon,) breeder of Ayrshire cattle, dairy 30 
cows, prop, milk route, farmer 250, and mountain lot 150, h Pearl cor 
CastletOn— BABBITT WATSON v., (Castleton,) r 39, prop, cream- 
ery, fancy packages of butter in five pounds a specialty, farmer 50. 
COOK CLARENCE E. (H. E. Cook & Son,) is a patron of this work. 
Cook H. E. & Son, (Hydeville,) r 23, general merchants and farmers, lease 

of Baptist society, 50. 
DELEHANTY JAMES, (Hydeville,) r 20, (Downs & Delehanty.) 
DOWNS PATRICK H., (Hydeville,) r 25, (Downs & Delehanty.) 
DOWNS & DELEHANTY, (Hydeville,) (Patrick H. Downs and James 

Delehanty,) r 23, manufs. marbleized slate. 
*GRAVES BENJ. F., (Hydeville,) r 23, manuf. and dealer in plows, cultiva- 
tors and other agricultural implements, and the American clothes dryer, 
factory at Hydeville, owns ;^S acres. 
Haynes Caleb, (Hydeville,) r 22, miller. 
Hinchy James, (Hydeville,) r 22. marble sawyer. 
HYDE WM. PITT, (Hydeville,) clerk. Main. 

LANGDON ANNA E. Mrs., (Castleton,) widow Benj. F., h Main. 
PRESTON L. W. & SON are patrons of this work. 

*STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, (Castleton,) asst. teachers for the ensuing 

year: Miss Abbie E. Leonard, of Woodstock, ist assistant; Misses 

Emily L. TuUer, of Bennington, Fannie C. Taylor, of Andover, and Lucy 

Wells, of Granby, assistants. 

Swanson Wm., (Hydeville,) supt. Field's slate mill. 

Cllittenden — On page 307, Pittsford, as a railroad station, is Jive miles 

west instead of ^/iree. 
BAIRD AMOS, (Chittenden,) r i8, (Baird, Parker & Knapp.) 
BAIRD JOHN, (Chittenden,) r 18, (Baird, Parker & Knapp.) 


BAIRD J. & A., (Chittenden,) r i8, (Baird, Parker & Knapp,) farmers 45, 

and 250 mountain. 
CHEEDLE TIMOTHY B., (Pittsford,) r 12, saw mill and farmer 46. 
CHEEDLE TIMOTHY B. AND MINERVA L., (Pittsford,) r 12^ sawmill 

and farmers 1 1. 
Davis Alex., (Pittsford,) r 8, farmer, leases of Franklin Leonard, 60. 
MANLEY OTIS, (Pittsford,) r 7, dairy t8 cows, butter manuf., farmer 100, 

and in Brandon 200. 
McCORMICK JOHN, (Pittsford,) r 8, dairy 22 cows, butter manuf., stock 

grower and farmer 175. 
MULLIN WM., (Pittsford,) r 8, dairy 45 cows, butter manuf. and farmer 300. 
Clarendon— HOPKINS HADVVEN D., is a patron of this work. 
Kingsley Harrison, instead of Kingsley John Harrison. 

Kingsley John H., (E. Clarendon,) leases grist mill of Harrison Kingsley, in- 
stead of J. Harrison Kingsley. 
PIERCE THOS. is a patron of this work. 
*STEWART CARROLL L., (E. Clarendon,) r 38, agent Champion mower 

and reaper, Ithaca horse rake and Syracuse chilled plows, produce 

dealer, breeder of Hambleton horses and farmer. 
Danby— BATEASE IRA is a patron of this work. 
DeLAURENT JOHN P. is a patron of this work. 
MARANVILLE DIGHTON is a patron of this work. 
MINETT GEO., instead of Minette. 
NELSON JAMES T., (Danby,) r 28, farmer. 
PHILLIPS GEO. W. is a patron of this work. 
ROBERTS BENNONI F. is a patron of this work. 
WESTCOTT BARLOW G., instead of Wescott, &c. 
Fairliaven Village. — BRAGG WM. W., is a patron of this work. 
BULLOCK ROYAL D., marbleizer and portrait painter, h Washington. 
COBB GILBERT H., slate roofer, Marble st. 
COLLINS LEVI W., junk dealer. River, is a patron of this work. 
COULMAN JAMES, (James Coulman & Co.,) h Washington. 
COULMAN JAMES & CO., (Melvern Westcott,) manufs. enameled and 

decorated slate mantels. 
DANVILLE ALEX., is a patron of this work. 
DOOLEY MICHAEL, is a patron of this work. 
Ferguson Arthur C. Rev., pastor Baptist Church. 
GRAVES DAY'ID R., breeder of thoroughbred fowls, dealer in all kinds of 

roofing slate, and farmer, leases of B. F. Gilbert 150, h N. Main. 
Greer James, agent, (Riverside Slate Co.,) h River. 
Grififith, Owen & Co., manufacturers and dealers in all kinds of roofing slate, 

billiard beds, mantels and school blackboards, office Hughes & Owen's 

block, Main, mills on r i. 
GRIFFITH ROBERT R., (Grififith, Owen & Co.,) h cor N. Main and 

Hughes Hugh H., shoemaker, N. Main. 
HUGHES THOS., is apatron of this work. 
Humphrey Evan D., (Griffith, Owen & Co.,) town clerk and insurance 

agent, h N. Main. 
Humphrey Hugh S., (Griffith, Owen & Co.,) (Humphrey & Parkhurst,) h 

LLOYD WM. H., dry goods, groceries, hats, caps. and fancy goods, N. 



Merriam Bishop, (Riverside Slate Co.,) h 3 Main. 

MOREHOUSE OSCAR H., is a patron of this work. 

Owen Hugh, (Griffith, Owen & Co.,) h Caernarvon. 

Owen Wni. M., ((Griffith, Owen & Co.,) h North Main. 

Palley J. H., deputy sheriff. 

Pierce Andrew J., (Riverside Slate Co.,) h Prospect. 

Riverside Slate Co., manuf billiard table-tops, mantels and all kinds of slate 

stock, River. 
WESCOTT CHAS. D., r 8, son of David P., farmer. 
Wescott David P., r 8, agent Bay State horse rake, Bullard hay tedder, 

breeder Lambert horses, dairy 30 cows, and farmer 375. 
WESTCOTT MELVERN, (James Coulman & Co.,) h Washington. 
Williams Quincy B., clerk and teacher of vocal and instrumental music. 
Winchell Jenks L., newspaper and book publisher, and farmer leases of C. G. 

Fish estate 100, h cor North Main and Fourth. 
Fairhaven Town. — Dulan Daniel E., (Fairhaven,) r i, billiard 

EUis Chas. R., (Fairhaven,) r i, son of R. T., farmer. 
EUis John A., (Fairhaven,) r i, breeder full blood merino sheep, registered, 

and farmer. 
*GARDNER CHAS. W., (Fairhaven,) r 12, breeder of Jersey cattle, &c. 

See page 474. 
Griffith Richard, (Fairhaven,) (Griffith, Owen & Co.,) r i, farmer 15. 
^HAMILTON HIRAM, (Fairhaven,) r 5, breeder of Spanish merino sheep 

&c. See page 562. 
Owen Owen J., (Fairhaven,) (Griffith, Owen & Co.,) r 1, farmer 50. 
Ij;.a^,__*FlSH BRADLEY and ALBERT, (Ira,) r 15, breeders of pure 

blood merino sheep, registered. 
*FISH LEONARD, (Ira,) r 15, sheep breeder &c. See page 498. 
*FISH LESTER, (Ira,) near r 10, sheep breeder, &c. See page 514. 
Mendon.— GLEASON henry L., is a patron of this work. 
Pomeroy Edwin, (Mendon,) r 3, (Pomeroy & Heath,) (Pomeroy & Sipley, in 

Shrewsbury,) also postmaster. 
SHEDD HENRY H., (Mendon,) r 11, town representative &c., is a patron 

of this work. 
Shippee Julian T., (Mendon,) r 8, farmer leases of Melzar no. 
Shippee Melzar F., (Mendon,) r 8, farmer no. 
Thornton Jeremiah, (Rutland,) r i3, farmer. » 

THORNTON JEREMIAH C, (Rutland,) r 12, dairy 12 cows, wool grower 

and farmer 175. 
MiddletOWn. — I" this list, where p. o. address is given as Middle- 
town, it should read Middletown Springs. 
HAYNES CHAS A., instead of Haines, as printed on page 359. 
HAYNES SYLVANUS H., instead of Haines, as printed on page 359. 
MONT VERT HOTEL, for Montreal Hotel Co., as printed on page 361, 

read Montvert Hotel Co. 
Mt. Holly-— DICKERMAN SYLVANUS M., (Mechanicsville,) r 51, 

dairy 30 cows, and farmer 340. 
GRAVES LYMAN, (Mechanicsville,) r 53, dairy 15 cows, and farmer 330. 
HEATH A. D., resides on r 30, instead of r 3, as printed on page 367. 
Jaquith Frank S., (Mechanicsville,) r 56, farmer 225. 
Oliver W. C. Rev., (Mechanicsville,) r 30, pastor M. E. Church. 


PINNEY NAHUM B., (Mechanicsville,) r 50, dairy 28 cows, and farmer 

THOMAS JOSEPH W., (Mechanicsville,) r 50, dairy 14 cows, and farmer 

Tucker Lewis P., (Mechanicsville,) r 50, school teacher and farmer. 
TUCKER STILLMAN is a patron of this work. 
TUCKER SYLVESTER, (Mechanicsville,) r 50, dairy 9 cows, ai»d farmer 85. 

Mt. Tabor— RAMO CLEMANCE, instead of Clemmence,. as printed 

on page 373. 
Pawlet.— *COLVIN E. & son, (Pawlet,) (Enoch and Wm. E.) r 32, 

props. Pawlet Woolen Mills. 
LEACH ROSIN A Mrs. is a patron of this work. 
SAFFORD JOSEPH B. is a patron of this work. 

SMITH DAVID R. instead of Smith David K., as printed on page 383. 
Pittsford — DENISON BROS, are patrons of this work. 
Naylor & Co., of Boston, Mass., (Pittsford,) r 15, props. Titan Furnace, 

manufs. pig iron. Oilman Prichard, supt. 
WILLARD CYRENIUS M., (Pittsford,) attorney and counselor at law, and 

inventor and proprietor of the Geometric Stone Channeling Machine. 
POTlllney.— Bliss Byron C, (Hydeville,) r 2, farmer with Royce W. 64. 
BLISS ROYCE W., (Hydeville,) r 2, farmer with Byron C. 64. 
EARWELL CUTHBERT C. is also justice of the peace. 
FIFIELD HIRAM and C. C. FARWELL, (Castleton,) r 4, dairy 10 cows, 

breeders of Jersey cattle and farmers 100. 
JONES EDWARD, (Poultney,) r 3, breeder merino sheep, farmer 186 and 

47 in Hubbardton. 
*POTTER CHAS. W. is now proprietor oi Xht Fim/t/iey /our/ia/,\\a\\ng 

purchased the interest of his partner, Mr. Ross. 

Rutland Village-— barker barney is now agent for National 

and U. S. and Canada Express Co., office north end passenger depot, h 

4 Mechanic. 
Beebe OHver W., printer and stationary engineer, D. & H. C. Co., bds 21 

Boner Hugh E., polisher, h 34 Forest. 
Bowker James B., chair maker, h Wickham. 
CENTRAL HOUSE, JuHus J. Scofield, prop., 57 West. 
CLARK HENRY, editor, h 4 Prospect. 
Cline Daniel, wiper, h 3 Granger. 
Craeg Wm., book-keeper, bds 9 Grove. 

Dedrick Clarence H. is now clerk in express office, instead of messenger. 
Donnelly Daniel F., moulder bds Farmers' Hotel. 
Donnelly John B., helper, bds 15 River. 
Donovan Michael, car inspector, D. & H. C. Co., h Plain. 
Ducharme John, machinist, h 65 West. 

EARLE LOU L., dressmaker, instead of Leon L., as printed. 
Ellis Chas. W., painter for J. W. Stearns, h 18 East. 
Field Wm. M., prest. Rutland Savings Bank, h cor Center and Main. 
Gary & Hoag, (Frank W. G. and Homer H. H.) biscuits, crackers, canned 

goods, &c., 29 Center. 
GAY, KIMBALL & GAY are button manufacturers, instead of butter 

manufacturers, as printed on page 442. 
Guertin Thos., car builder, h 7 North. 


Hadley Mortimer K., h now 25 Forest. 

HARRIS CHAS. P., (Chas. P. Harris Manuf. Co.,) h 2 Pleasant. 

Haven Frank A., prop. Rutland Monumental Works, manuf. marble and 

granite monuments, &c., 86 and 88 West., (succeeds White & Haven,) 

bds Bates House. 
Houghton Burton J. photographer, &c., on page 448, should be Holcombe, 

which ste. 
Kivelin Wm. E., machinist, h West. 

Knight Geo. F., machinist D. & H. C. Co., bds 78 West. 
Lynch Wm., moulder, apprentice, bds Allen. 
Mangan Thos. J., machinist, bds Allen. 
McGuirk James T., apprentice, bds 5 Terrill. 
McLaughlin Patrick, watchman D. & H. C. Co., h 15 Green. 
McMurray Edward, machinist, bds Allen. 
McNamara James, trackman. 
Nettleton O. E., dentist. Center above Wales. 
Owen W. H. B., general merchant, 73 Center, h 8 Court square. 
Page Ed., chair maker, h Cherry. 
Patnode Alex., foreman foundry, bds Forrest. 
Perkins Geo. E., bds 3 Strongs ave. 
Reardon Owen, engineer, h 18 River. 
Reid Geo. M., foreman D. & H. C. Co., bds Bardwell. 
*RUTLAND REVIEW, Review Association, publishers; H. W. Love, 

editor; published Fridays, cor West and Grove. 
Shambo Alex. C, chair maker, bds 3 Union. 
Sheppey Medos, painter, h 24 Park. 
Smith Robert, polisher, bds Farmers' Hotel. 
Stiles Loren M., salesman for Z. Clark, of Brandon, h Grove. 
Wade Frank J., book-keeper for E. D. Keyes & Co., instead of for Geo. T. 

Chaffee, as printed on page 476. 
Woodard Curtis S., engineer and machinist, B. & R. shop, h 24 Plain. 
Young Edwin F., bds West. 

R/Utlaild. Town. — Cunningham Stephen, blacksmith's helper, h Allen. 
Gleason Chas. M., (Rutland,) carriage trimmer, bds Perkins ave. 
GRAHAM WM. W., is a patron of this work. 

PATCH JOSEPH L., instead of Joseph C, as printed on page 510. 
Reed Wm. H., (Rutland,) bds 9 Pearl. 
Taylor Benj. F., (Sutherland Falls,) is also postmaster. 
Thrall RoUin C, (W. Rutland,) farmer, h Pleasent. 
Tuomey John P., (Rutland,) bds Allen. 

SlireWsTDUry. — ALDRICH E. W. Mrs., (Shrewsbury,) r 42, farmer. 
SlldlDlirV- — HUFF JOHN, is a patron of this work. 
Wallingford.— HERRINGTON ABRAM L, is a patron of this work. 

Sidney W. Rowell cashier of the National Bank of Rutland, sells bills of 
exchange on foreign countries, or will sell passage tickets and passports to 
and from Europe, on favorable terms. Card on page 420. 

Pawlet Woolen Company, E. Colvin & Son, are manufacturers of the 
best cassimeres, flannels and yarns, on road 32, in Pawlet. Theirs are the 
largest mills in this section of the country. Citizens of the county will 
consult their interests by buying direct from the manufacturers. Card on 
page 431. 




Almanac or Calendar for 20 years , 2 

Business Directory, by towns 257 

Census Report in town histories and ""'256 

Classified Business Directory 565 

County Ofticers 17 

Courts in Rutland County 19 

Distance Table 644 

Errata 5 

Gazetteer of County ;^;^ 

Gazetteer of Towns 75 

Postal Rates and Regulations 23 

Post Offices and Postmasters 16 

Societies 19 

Town Clerks .... 19 

Town Representatives 18 




Benson 257 

Brandon 265 

Castleton 290 

Chittenden 307 

Clarendon 314 

Danby 321 

Fairhaven (Village) 330 

Fairhaven (Town Outside Corporation,) 341 

Hubbardton 345 

Ira 350 

Mendon , 353 

Middletown 357 

Mt. Holly 363 

Mt. Tabor 371 

Pawlet 374 

Pittsfield. 384 

Pittsford 387 

Poultney 4°3 

Rutland (Village) 422 

Rutland (Town Outside Corporation) 48° 

Sherburne , 5-3 

Shrewsbury 527 

Sudbury 533 

Tinmouth 53^ 

Wallingford 542 

Wells 556 

Westhaven , 560 




Adair John R., marble and granite manuf., Wallingford 550 

Adams J. & Sons, marble producers, machinists, &c., Fairhaven 616 

Aldrich E. H. & B. W., lumber, grain, &c.. East Wallingford 544 

Allen Frank P., gents' furnishing goods, jewelery, &c., Poultney 420 

Barber C. L., sheep breeder, Castleton 520 

Bates G. M., laundry, Rutland foot lines and 342 

Boardman S. & Son, sheep breeders. West Rutland 578 

Bomoseen House, H. B. EUis, Castleton 346 

Bowtell S. Jr., laundry, Rutland 276 

Boynton & Manchester, drugs, &c., Brandon 588 

Brandon House, Gardner Bros.^ Brandon 276 

Brandon Union, Brandon 283 

Brassard P. H., physician and surgeon, Rutland 482 

Briggs & Forbes, insurance, Brandon 588 

Brown Milton G., patent medicines, drugs &c., Chittenden 312 

Carpenter C. H., physician, Fairhaven foot hnes 

Central Vermont Railroad , 300 

Chapman F. H. & Co., drugs, &c., Rutland foot lines 

Clarendon House, Clarendon Springs, 320 

Cole David D., manager, general merchant, Castleton 346 

CoUins J. P., groceries, &c., Rutland 312 

Collins L. A. Mrs., millinery and hair goods, Fairhaven 334 

Cook Jay, sheep breeder. West Rutland 616 

Deane J. W. D., general merchant, Poultney 420 

Densmore Frank S., barber, Fairhaven. . 342 

Dunn & Loehr, clothiers, Rutland on map 

F.ayres Geo. A., general merchant, Pittsford Mills 398 

Eureka Slate Co., H. G. Hughes, Poultney opposite 345 

Fagan Peter, merchant tailor, Rutland 440 

Fairhaven Era, Frank W., Redfield, Fairhaven 642 

Fish Bradley & Albert, sheep breeders, Ira 536 

Fish Leonard, sheep and horses, Ira 498 

Fish Lester^ sheep, cattle and horses, Ira 514 

Fisher W. H. H., druggist, confectionery and toys, Rutland 372 

Flanagan John, boots and shoes, Rutland ; 398 

Flint Bros. & Co., marble producers, Center Rutland 474 

Forbes Volney N., sheep and cattle, Westhaven 562 

Francisco M. J., insurance, Rutland on map 

Franklyn J. B., paper and wood pulp, Pittsford 388 

Frisbie & Miller, attorneys, Poultney 378 

Gale Chas. A,, physician and surgeon, Rutland 346 

Gardner Chas. W., cattle breeder, Fairhaven 474 

Gorham C. T. & Son, cattle and sheep breeders, W. Rutland, &c 642 

Gould W. H. H. Mrs., doctress, Rutland 578 

Graves B. F., agricultural implements, Hydeville 536 

Greene &"Spooner, carriage manufacturers, E. Wallingford 544 

Hall Thos. D. & Son, sheep and cattle, Pittsford 388 

Halsey A. C, clothing, hats, gents' furnishing goods, &c., Brandon. . . . 536 

Hamilton Hiram, sheep, horses and cattle, Fairhaven 562 

Hanrahan J. D., physician and surgeon, Rutland 520 




Harris C. P. Manuf. Co., lumber yard, planing mill, door, sash and blind 

works, nail and chair factories, Rutland 326 

Haven Joel M., hotel, telephone exchange, livery, &c., Rutland. .203 and 204 

Higgins Albert W., drugs, Rutland facing map 

Hinds E. D., sheep, cattle and horses, Brandon 588 

Holcombe B. J., photographer, Rutland 426 

Holmes Brothers, boiler and machine shop, Rutland 364 

Horton M. J., hardware, groceries, &c., Poultney 416 

Humphrey & Parkhurst, general merchants, Fairhaven 342 

Jones R. O., tobacconist, Fairhaven 342 

Keenan J. C, physician and surgeon, Rutland 372 

Kilburn A., dentist. Rutland 388 

Kingsley H. VV., merchant tailor, Rutland 482 

Kingsley L. G., hardware, furniture and undertaking goods, Rutland.. . 401 

Lake St. Catherine House, Wells i^^S 

Landon W. C, flour, feed, hardware, &c., Rutland 440 

Lane W. D., seedsman, Middlebury 616 

Langmaid Alonzo W. & Co., manuf. confectionery, Rutland 498 

Lockrow E. S., hardware, groceries, etc., Poultney 418 

Lowell H. O., doors, sash, blinds, glass, picture frames, &c., Brandon. . 276 

Mailhiot Charles E. boots and shoes, Rutland 490 

Marshall Albert S., jewelry, &c., Rutland 482 

Martin O. C, sheep, cattle and horses, Benson 260 

Mason & Wright, sheep breeders, Vergennes 312 

McClure Brothers, pianos, organs, &c., Rutland 509 

Mclntyre John L., brick manuf, Rutland 294 

McLean Frank M., job printer, Rutland 456 

McMahon Ellen Mrs., millinery and fancy goods, Castleton. . 32 

Merriam E. N., music, sewing machines, &c., Rutland foot lines 

Metzger Wm., upholsterer, awnings, tents, &c., Rutland 490 

Miner Levi & Son, carriage manufs., Rutland 346 

New England Fire Lisurance Co., Rutland 372 

Newton Jasper P., physician and surgeon, Benson 260 

Nichols Charles W., photographer, Rutland 286 

Otter Creek House, Pittsford 398 

Otter Creek News, Brandon 272 

Parker Wilbur F., jeweler, &c., Fairhaven inside back cover 

Pawlet Woolen Company, cassimeres, flannels, &c., Pawlet 421 

Peabody J. H., moccasins, gloves, &c., Pittsford 364 

Peck H. J., general merchant, Fairhaven .foot lines 

Pelton (reo. E., job printer, Rutland opposite 644 

Poreau Jock, livery stable, Pittsford , 401 

Potter C. W., grocer, Rutland 474 

Poultney Journal, Poultney 378 

Premo Levi, carriage maker, hvery, &c., Rutland last (colored) fly-leaf 

Prichard G., rheep breeder, Pittsford ....... 401 

Prime & Farrington, sheep and horses, Brandon 206 and 267 

Remington J. H., auctioneer, commission merchant &c., Rutland 312 

Richardson Jenness, taxidermist, Rutland 498 

Ripley & Stanley, sawing, planing mills, builders' hardware, &c., Poultney 416 

Ross Charles E., dry goods, Rutland. 326 

Rowe Wm. E., carriage manufacturer, E. WaUingford 550 



Rowell Sidney W., bills of exchange, passage tickets, Sec, Rutland. , . , 420 

Russell House, C. M, Hawkins, Hydeville facing back cover 

Rutland Foundry and Machine Shop Co., Rutland 326 

Rutland Herald and Globe, news])aper, Rutland inside front cover 

Rutland Review, Rutland 578 

Rutland Standard, Rutland 356 

Sargent W. B., carriage manuf., W. Rutland 514 

Sawyer H. A. & Co., broom manuf., tobacconist, stationer, &c., Rutland, 294 

Scott Franklin, lawyer and patent solicitor, N. Bennington 637 

Shedd F. W. & C. D., general merchants. Center Rutland 520 

Sherman C. S., ger^eral merchant, Castleton 346 

Shortsleeve David, foundry and machine shop, Rutland, opposite front cover 

Simpson W., steam dye works, Rutland 306 

Smith Lorison, livery stables, &c., Brandon 286 

Spencer W. H., dentist, Poultney 306 

State Trust Co., Rutland 456 

Stewart C. L., produce, agricultural implements, &c., E.Clarendon. . . . 550 

Taylor C. E., general merchant, Middletown Springs 378 

Terrill Samuel, carriage manuf., Rutland 372 

Thayer & Co., shirt manufs., Rutland foot lines 

Todd's Hotel, E. WaUingford 544 

Troy Conference Academy, Poultney 410 

Tuttle & Co., books, paper, printing and binding, Rutland . . foot lines and 514 

Van Doom & Tilson, crockery, paper hangings, &c., Rutland foot lines 

Vermont Farm Machine Co., Bellows Falls opposite 344 

Vermont State Normal School, Castleton 564 

Wheaton Edwin C, sheep breeder, Pittsford 456 

Whitney C. S., dentist, Rutland 482 

Williams S. D., boots and shoes, Fairhaven 3^06 

Williams S. P., soap works, Rutland 360 

Winslow C. M., cattle and sheep breeder, Brandon 588 

Frank P. Allen, at Poultney, sells jewelry, watches, clocks, silverware, 
&c., and also gents' furnishing goods in all varieties, cheap as can be bought 
anywhere. Card on page 420. 

J. W. D. Deane, the popular General Merchant at Poultney, is bound to 
do all the business in his line he can handle. His " bill poster " has put up 
a sheet on page 420 of this work, which tells "a good story." Mr. Deane 
keeps a large stock. 

W. C. Landon, one of the staunch business men of Rutland, is a dealer 
in flour, grain, seeds, general hardware, agricultural tools, &c., corner of 
Freight and Evelyn streets. His facilities for supplying goods at low prices 
are unsurpassed. Dont't forget his location. Card on page 440. 

"Holcombe" the Photographer, prints an advertisement on page 426. 
His rooms at Rutland are fitted up in a superior manner, and Holcombe, 
the Artist, has had experience in large first class galleries in New York 
and other large cities, where he has acquired the most approved styles 
and is fully up with the art. For anything in his line he is fully prepared to 
meet all demands. 





Adair Jehu R 24 

Adams J. & Sous 28 

Aldrich E. H. & B. W 29 

AUeu Frank P 14 

Barber C. L 30 

Bates G. M 256-15 

Boardraan S. & Sou 31 

Bomoseeu House 256-15 

bowtell S. jr 256-14 

Boyntou & Mauchester 28 

Brandon House 256-14 

Braudou Union 256-13 

Brassard P. H., M. L> 26 

Briggs& Forbes 28 

Brown Milton G 256-14 

Central Vermont Railroad 256-14 

Cbapmau F. H.&Co 256-14 

Clarendon House 256-14 

Cole David D. agent 256-15 

Collins J. P 256-13 

Collins L. A. Mrs .256-15 

Cook Jay 28 

Deane J . W. D 14 

Densmore Frank S 256-15 

Duuu & Loehr 31 

Eayres Geo. A 27 

Eureka Slate Co 32 

Fagan Peter 26 

Fairhaven Era 31 

Fish Bradley aud Albert 29 

Fish Leonard 26 

Fish Lester 32 

llsher W. H. H 256-15 

Flanagan John 27 

Flint Bros. & Co 27 

Forbes Volney N 31 

Francisco M. J 25 

Franklyn J. B 27 

Frisbie & Miller 27 

Gale Chas. A., M. D 256-15 

Gardner Chas. W 25 

Gorham C. T. & Son 28 

Gould W. H. H. Mrs 31 

Graves B. F 30 

Greene & Spooner 28 

HallThos. D. & Son 27 

Halsey A. C 30 

Hamilton Hiram 30 

Hanrahan J. D.. M. D 30 

Harris C. P. Manuf. Co 250-15 

Higgins Albert W 31 

Hinds E. D 28 

Holcombe B. J 14 

Holmes Bros 256-15 

Horton M. J 28 

Humphrey & Parkhurst 256-14 

Jones R. b 256-15 

Keenan J. C, M, D 643 

Kilburn A 27 

Kiugsley H. W 25 

Kiugsley L. G 27 

Lake St. Catherine House 24 

Landon W. C 14 

LaneW. D 29 

Langmaid Alo nzo W. & Co •>& 

Lockrow E. S " . 27 

Lowell H. O •'56-14 

Mailhiot Chas. E "..'.'"'. 32 

Marshall Albert S 26 

Martin O. C .256-]2 

Mason & Wright .!.! 256-13 

McClure Bros vg 

Mclutyre John L ;},-,G-i4 

McLean Pnink M ' 26 

McMahon Ellen Mrs ,, 26 

Merriam E. N .' 27 

Metzger Wm ...... 31 

Miner Levi & Son 2.^6-15 

New England Fire Insurance Co.!.!556-]5 

Newton Jasper P.. M. D 256-13 

Nichols Chas. W 256-13 

Otter Creek House ..." 25 

Otter Creek News 256-14 

Parker Wilbur F 29 

Paw let Woolen Co ... Jo 

Peabody J. H .2.56-13 

Peck H.J 256-13 

Pelton Geo. E .". 24 

Poreau Jock ~fr 

Potter C. W '....'..'.'. 26 

Poultney J ourual 643 

Premo Levi 25 

Prichard G 25 

Prime & Farrington 256-13 

Remington J. H 256-13 

Richardson Jenness 31 

Ripley >Sc Stanley .' 27 

Ross Chas. E 256-14 

Rowe Wm. E ~ . 29 

Rowell Sidney \V 10 

Russell House 29 

Rutland Herald and Globe 28 

Rutland Review, The 30 

Rutland Standard 256-15 

Sargent W. B 30 

Sawyer H. A. & Co 256-14 

Scott Franklin 30 

Shedd F. W. & C. D 30 

Shortslee ve David 25 

Simpson W 256-12 

Smith Lorison 256-13 

Spencer W. H 256-12 

State Trust Co 26 

Stewart C. L og 

Taylor C. E '. 27 

Terrill Samuel 26 

Thayer & Co 256-13 

Todd's Hotel 30 

Troy Conference Academy *. 28 

Tuttle & Co 25 

V anDoorn & Tilson 2.56-14 

Vermont Farm Machine Co 31 

Vermont State Normal School 29 

Wheaton Edwin C 26 

Whitney C. S 26 

Williams S. D 256-12 

Williams S. P 256-13 

Winslow CM 29 



Post Offices and Post Masters in Rutland County, Vt. 



Benson Landing, 



Center Rutland, 



Clarendon Springs, 



Danby Four Corners, 

East Clarendon, 

East Hubbardton, 

East Poultney, 

East Wallingford, 










*Middletown Springs, 

Mt. Holly, 

Mt. Tabor, 

North Clarendon, 

jNorth Pawlet, 

North Sherburne, 

North Shrewsbury. 








South Wallingford, 


Sutherland Falls, 

Tin mouth, 



West Castleton, 


West Pawlet, 

*West Rutland, 



















Mt. Holly, 





Mt. Holly, 



Mt. Holly, 

Mount Tabor, 















Tin mouth, 








E. R. Reed 

Allen L. Hale 

John L. Knight 

William Moulton 

Mrs. R. W. Keyes 

H. F. Noyes 

T. K. Horton 

John A. P. Merriam 

W. L. Bucklin 

Julius C. Griffith 

Wm. F. Otis 

John C. Spencer 

Zebulon Jones 

E. S. Dewey 

Jerome Converse 

Harris Whipple 

Stephen Sails 

J. P. Hoskinson. 

Daniel P. Naramore 

Jeremiah P. Giddings 

Russell W. Hyde 

Miss Mary Gilmore 

Charles W. Priest 

Edwin Pomeroy 

Dyer Leffingwell 

David Horton 

James C. JUng 

Elijah B. Holden 

Isaac A. Morse 

Willard Guild 

Orlando Bushee 

Charles B. George 

Frank C. Dennison 

Henry T. Hull 

Albert H. Tuttle 

Eenj. Maxham 

William F. Morse 

Edwin A. Fuller 

Nathaniel A. Bucklin 

B. F. Taylor 

Mrs. Tabitha Sawyer 

Myron C. Rogers 

Oliver R. Hopson 

Samuel L. Hazard 

Newton H. Sawyer 

Geo. W. Beecher 

James L. Gilmore 

* Money order offices. 

t No postmaster under appointment at time of canvass. 


Rates of Commission Charged for illoney Orders. 

On orders not exceeding $15.00, ten cents; over $15.00 and not exceed- 
ing $30.00, fifteen cents; over $30.00 and not exceeding $40.00, twenty 
cents; over $40 00 and not exceeding $50.00, twenty-five cents. No single 
order issued for a greater sum than $50.00. 


' Chief Judge. 


Hon. Wheelock G. Veazey Rutland 

Assistant Judges, County Court. 

Hon. Martin C. Rice Hortonville 

" Daniel W. Taylor Sherburne 

Judges of Probate. 

Hon. Thomas C. Robbins, Rutland District Rutland 

" Jerome B. Bromley, Fairhaven District Castleton 

Registers of Probate. 

Wayne Bailey, Rutland District Rutland 

Henry Clark, Fairhaven District Castleton 

County Clerk. 

Henry H. Smith Rutland 

State's Attorney. 
John Howe Castleton 


Daniel i\ Peabody Pittsford 


A. M. Goss Brandon 

M. H. Dickerman East Wallingford 

Nathaniel S. Stearnes Rutland 

L. P. Howe Mt. Tabor 

Enos C. Fish, Jr West Rutland 

Philip D. Griswold Castleton 

John C. Williams Danby 

J. H. Palley Fairhaven 

— » 


High Bailifl. 

John C. Williams Danby 


Henry F. Field Rutland 

State Senators. 

Walter C. Dunton Rutland 

Royal Daniel King Benson 

Orel Cook Mendon 

Emmett R. Pember Wells 

Representative in Congress. 

Charles H. Joyce, (First District) Rutland 

Deputy Collector Internal Revenue, 

James H. Walbridge North Bennington, Bennington Co 


(Post-office address follows name.) 

Benson, Willard E. Strong Benson 

Brandon, George Briggs Brandon 

Castleton, Samuel L. Hazard West Castleton 

Chittenden, Edwin Horton Chittenden 

Clarendon, Noel Potter Clarendon Springs 

Danby, Erastus Kelley Danby 

Fairhaven, Edward L. Allen Fairhaven 

Hubbardton, Allen St. John East Hubbardton 

Ira, Edwin B. Perry Ira 

Mendon, Henry Harrison Shedd Mendon 

Middletown, Leonidas Gray Middletown Springs 

Mt. Holly, Charles W, Priest Mechanicsville 

Mt. Tabor, Daniel H, Lane Danby 

Pawlet, Amos W. Wilcox Granville, N. Y 

Pittsfield, Edward Atwood Pittsfield 

Pittsford, Amos D. Tiffany Pittsford 

Poultney, Charles Ripley Poultney 

Rutland, John B. Page Rutland 

Sherburne, Edwin S. Colton Sherburne 

Shrewsbury, George Wellington Foster Cuttingsville 

Sudbury, Benoni Griftin Brandon 

Tinmouth, Isaac 1 ). Tubbs .• Tinmouth 

Wallingford, Nicholas Cook South Wallingford 

Wells, Allen Grain Grover Wells 

Westhaven, Rodney C. Abell Westhaven 


County Road Commissioners. 

Rodney C. Abell Westhaven 

Moses Hayward Rutland 

Nicholas M. Powers Clarendon 

Town Clerks. 

Bensflii, L. Howard Kellogg, £rando?i, George Briggs; Castleton, John 
Howe; Chittenden., H. F. Baird; Clarendon^ Edwin Congdon ; Danh}\ John 
C. Williams; Fairhairn, E. D. Humphrey; Hubbardton, S. M. Dikeman ; 
Ira, Bradley Fish ; Mendon, Newton Squire ; Midd/etcmin, R. R. Woodward ; 
Mt. Holly, Windsor Newton; Mt. Tabor, M. Barrett; Pawlet, Orlando 
Bushee ; Pittsfield, Ira Holt, Jr. ; Fittsford, C. S. Colburn ; Poultney, M. J. 
Horton ; Rutland, O. L. Robbins ; Sherburne, C. W. Adams ; Shrewslmry, 
E. O. Aldrich ; Sudbury, W. J. P. Hyde; Tinmouth, Isaac D. Tubbs ; 
IVallingford, Edwin H. Ormsbee ; Wells, Allen C. Grover ; Westhaven, 
Volney N. Forbes. 


At Court House, Rutland. 

Supreme Court. 

First Thursday after the Fourth Tuesday in January. 

County Court. 

Hon. Wheelock G. Veazey, presiding. 
Second Tuesday in March and September. 


The Rutland County Medical and Surgical Society. 

The Rutland County Medical and Surgical Society was organized February 
7, 1877, at the Bomoseen House in Castleton. The first officers of 
the society were : President, Dr. J. D. Hanrahan ; vice-president, 
Dr. J. N. Northrop; secretary. Dr. J. M. Currier; treasurer. Dr. C. C. 
Nichols ; censors, Drs. J. D. Hanrahan, J. Sanford and L. D. Ross. 
The society is in a prosperous condition and its members now 
number 40. The officers for the year 1881, are : — President, Dr. L. 
D. Ross; vice-president. Dr. T. E. Wakefield; secretary. Dr. E. D. 
Ellis ; treasurer, Dr. C. C. Nichols ; censors, Drs. A. T. Woodward, 
J. M. Currier and John Knowlson. The regular meetings of the society 
are held on the second Wednesday of January, A])ril, July and October. 


Castleton Medical and Surgical Clinic. 

Castleton Medical and Surgical Clinic. — Dr. J. N. Northrop, president, and 
Dr. John M. Currier, secretary. Meets on the first and third Monday 
in each month. 

Rutland County Historical Society. 

Rutland County Historical Society was organized in 1880. Barnes Frisbie, 
of Poultney, president ; John M. Currier, of Castleton, secretary. 

Castleton Normal School Scientific Club. 

Castleton Normal School Scientific Club. — James Sanford, M. D., president; 
John M. Currier, M. D., secretary. 

The Masonic Fraternity. 

Benson. — Acacia Lodge, No. 91, F. & A. M. — Communications first Tues- 
day in each month except July and August, and in those months none. 
Farmers Chapter No. 9, R. A. M. — Convocations third Wednesday of 
each month. 

Brandon. — St. Paul Lodge, No. 25, F. & A. M. — Communications first 
Wednesday of each month. 

Castleton. — Lee Lodge, No. 30, F. & A. M. — Communications on or be- 
fore the full moon. 

Danby Borough. — Marble Lodge, No. 76, F. & A. M. — Communications 
Monday on or before the full moon of each month. 

East Wallingford. — Mount Moriah Lodge, No. , — Communications 

Tuesdays on or following full moon of each month. 

Fairhaven. — Eureka Lodge, No. 57, F. & A. M. — Communications first 
Wednesday of each month. 

Poultney. — Morning Star Lodge, No. 37, A. F. & A. M. — Communications 
Tuesday on or before full moon of each month. 

Rutland. — Kilhngton Commandery, K. T., No. 6. — Meets third Tuesday of 

every month. 
Davenport Council, No. i3. — Meets second Monday of each month, 
Rutland Lodge, No. 7,9, F. & A. M. — Communications first Wednesday 

of every month. Morse block. 
Centre Lodge, No. 34, F. & A. M. — Communications first Tuesday of 

each month. Morse block. 
Davenport Chapter, No. 17. — Convocations second Monday of every 


Wallingford. — Chipman Lodge, No. 52, F'. & A. M. — Communications 
Wednesday on or before the full of the moon of each month. 

West Rutland. — Hiram Lodge, No. loi, F, & A. M. — Communications^ 
first Monday of each month. 


Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

East Wallingford.— Pico Lodge, No. 32, I. O. O. F., meets first and third 
Thursdays of each month. 

PouLTNEY. — Nitis Lodge, No. 25, L O. O. F., meets every Monday evening. 

Rutland.— Killington Lodge, No. 29, 1. O. O. F., meets every Monday eve- 
. ning. 

Otter Creek Encampment, No. 7, L O. O. F.. meets every second and 
fourth Thursday evenings. 

Knights of Honor. 

Rutland. — Rutland Lodge, No. 1,281 K. of H., meets second and fourth 
Wednesdays of each month. 

Independent Order of Good Templars. 

Brandon. — Brandon Lodge, No. 74, meets Wednesday evening. 

East Wallingford. — Pleasant Valley Lodge, No. 133, meets Friday evening. 

Fairhaven. — Phoenix Lodge, No. 92, meets Saturday evening. 

Rutland. — Rutland Lodge, No. 78, meets Friday evening. 

West Rutland. — Marble Lodge, No. 77, meets Wednesday evening. 


Grand Army of the Republic.— Department of Vermont. Posts in Rutland 


Brandon.— Post C. J. Ormsbee, No. 18, G. A. R., 28 members ; N. S. Capen, 
commander, meets 2d Monday in each month. 

East Wallingford. — Post Kearney, No. 48, G. A. R., 21 members; M, M. 
Tarbell, commander, meets 2d Wednesday in each month. 

Fairhaven. — Post J. H. Bosworth, No. 53, G. A. R., 25 members; J. W. 
Parkhurst, commander. 

Poultnev. — Post Joyce, No. 49, G. A. R., M. J. Horton, commander, meets 
Wednesday of each week Oct. ist to April ist, ist and 3d Wednes- 
days for remainder of the year. 

Rutland. — Post Roberts, No. 14, G. A. R., 62 members ; Henry Webb, com- 
mander, meets 2d Tuesday in each month. 


Benson Orchestra Band, James McGuire, leader. 

Brandon Cornet Band, fifteen pieces, organized 1880; band-room in Prime 

Poultney Cornet Band, twelve pieces, organized 1878; J. Rogers, leader; C. 
J. Bullock, secretary. 

Rutland Cornet Band, twenty-one pieces; E. L. Hatch, leader; band-room 
at village hall. 


Subordinate Granges P. of H. 

Brandon, No. 41, Brandon. — A. S. Cook, master; W. H. Dean, secretary; 
meets Saturday evenings, in Simonds block. 

Crystal, No. 144, Pittsfield — Wrn. Davis, master ; H. J. Bishop, secretary. 

The Vermont Accident Association of Rutland. 

Organized August 2, i88r. To be conducted on the Mutual or Assessment 

Officers: — President, J. M. Haven, of Rutland; ist vice-president. Red- 
field Proctor, of Rutland ; 2d vice-president, John B. Mead, of Ran- 
dolph ; Secretary and Treasurer, M. J. Francisco, of Rutland ; medi- 
cal director, John A. Mead, M. D., of Rutland ; general manager, 
D. S. Fletcher, of Middlebury. 

Miscellaneous Societies. 

The Young Men's Christian Union of the Congregational Church of Rut- 
land — Henry A. Hall, president ; John C. Pease, vice-president ; Wilbur 
P. Manley, secretary, and Leon G. Bagley, treasurer. Annual elec- 
tion in June. 

Benoni Aaron Lodge, No. 126, A. J. O. K. S. B. of foultney, meets second 
and last Sunday of each month. 

Colfax Lodge, No. 5, D. R., of East Wallingford, meets last Thursday of 
each month. 


Brandon. — Volunteer Hose Company, organized Jan. 6, 1880, has twent)'- 
five members ; C. S. Boynton, foreman. 

Rutland. — Washington Engine Co. No. 3, organized March 15, 1858, has 
forty-eight members ; K. K. Hannum, foreman. 

Nickwackett Engine Co. No. i, organized August 17, 1859, has. seventy 
members ; Anthony Austin, foreman. 

Union Hook and Ladder Co. No. i, organized Feb. 8, 1864, has forty- 
one members ; John P. Crowley, foreman. 

KiUington Steamer Co. No. 3, organized Oct. 31, 1869, has forty-one 
members ; L. G. Kingsley, captain. 

J. W. Cramton Hose Co. No. 4, organized July 11, 1876, has twenty- 
four members ; W. F. Eddy, foreman. 

H. H. Baxter Hose Co. No. 5, organized July 14, 1876, has twenty-four 
members ; George W. Dunton, foreman. 

Hanrahan Hose Co., No. . Particulars not received. 



President^ ; Trustees, O. A. Peck, Benjamin Williams, E. H. 

Lewis ; C/erk, George M. Fuller ; Treastirer, Charles R. Allen ; Collector, 
Wm. A. Smith ; Fire Wardens, E. L. Goodrich, Wm. A. Stevens ; T. E. 
Wakefield, Wm. L. Town, George O'Brine; Water Commissioners, James 
Pottle, C. C. Knight, A. N. Adams ; Fire Department, O. A. Peck, chief 


Postal cards, one cent each, to all parts of the United States and Canada. 


Letters, and all other mailable matter of other classes subject to letter 
postage by reason of a violation of the postal laws, three cents per half ounce 
to all parts of the United States and Canada. 


On registered domestic letters and third and fourth class matter an additional 
fee of lo cents is required. 

Local or "drop" letters, that is, for the city or town where deposited, 2 
cents, if delivered by carriers, and i cent if there is no carrier system, per half 

Manuscript for publication in books, (except when accompanied by proof 
sheets) newspapers and magazines chargeable as letters. 


Newspapers, to each actual subscriber in the county where published, free 
of charge. 


Newspapers and periodicals, transient excepted, to be prepaid at the office 
of publication, at 2 cents per pound, or fraction thereof 


(Must not be sealed.) 

Mail-matter of the third-class embraces books (printed and blank,) transient 
newspapers and periodicals, circulars, and other matter wholly in print, |)roof- 
sheets and corrected proof-sheets and manuscript copy accompanying the 
same, prices current with prices filled out in writing, printed commercial 
papers filled out in writing (providing such writing is not in the nature of per- 
sonal correspondence, and the papers are not the expression of monetary 
value,) such as papers of legal procedure, unexecuted deeds of all kinds, way 
bills, invoices, unexecuted -nsurance policies and the various documents of 
insurance companies, hand-bills, posters, chromo-lithographs, engravings. 


envelopes with printing thereon, heliotypes, lithographs, photographic 
and stereoscopic views with the title written thereon, printed blanks, printed 
cards; and postage shall be paid thereon at the rate of one cent for each two 
ounces or fractional parts thereof. 


Mailable matter of the fourth-class embraces blank cards, card-board and 
other flexible material, flexible patterns, letter envelopes, and letter-paper 
without printing thereon, merchandise, models, ornamented paper, sample 
cards, samples of ores, metals, minerals, seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, scions, 
drawings, plans, designs, original paintings in oil or water colors, and any 
other matter not included in the tirst, second or third classes, and which is 
not in its form or nature liable to destroy, deface or otherwise damage the 
contents of the mail bag, or harm the person of any one engaged in the pos- 
tal service. Postage rate thereon, one cent for each ounce or fractional part 

Packages of mail matter must not exceed four pounds each in weight, 
except in cases of single volumes of books. 

UndeUvered letters and postal cards can be re-sent to a new address 
without additional charge. 

' Senders may write their name on transient newspapers, books, or any 
package in either class, preceded by the word "from." 

Stamps cut from stamped envelopes are rejected by the post-oftice. 

Stamped envelopes and wrappers, postal cards, and stamps of different 
denominations for sale at post-oflices. 

Stamped envelopes accidentally spoiled redeemed at any post-ofiice. 


Lake St. Catherine House, Irving Wood, proprietor, is located on the 
banks of the beautiful lake for which the house was named. As a summer 
resort it is fast attaining a large share of patronage. Pic-nics and private 
parties find here enjoyable recreation during the summer months. Card on 
page 558. 

Geo. E. Pelton, Book and Job Printer, Blank Book Manufacturer and 
Bookbinder, in Merchants row, Globe block, Rutland, inserts a card op- 
posite page 644. Mr. Pelton is energetic, persevering, and has a talent for 
his business. He likes it and is bound to succeed. His facilities are equal 
to almost any demand likely to be made of him, and he will keep up with 
the times. Patronize him. 

John R. Adair, proprietor of VVaUingford Monumental Works, near the 
depot, publishes a card on page 550. We take pleasure in calling the 
attention of the public to Mr. Adair, on account of the reputation he has 
gained for a uniform quality of work, made from superior designs, using 
nothing but the best materials, as will be seen by visiting the different 
cemeteries through the county. He gives his personal attention to setting, 
and his charges are always reasonable. Give him a call. 

publisher's notes. 

G. Prichard, breeder of full blood merino sheep, of the Atwood strain, 
at Pittsford, prints a card on page 401. As it costs no more to feed a good 
animal than a poor one, all should procure the best. 

Charles W. Gardner, of Fairhaven, is a breeder of pure blood Jersey 
cattle. From his herd he will supply gentlemen with choice stock at satis- 
factory prices. He is also making some of the finest butter in the country. 
Card on page 474. 

H. W. Kingsley, for many years a Merchant Tailor in Rutland, publishes 
a card on page 482. As custom made clothes fit better and wear longer than 
others, remember his location, 13^ Merchants row, when in need of "some- 
•ihing to wear." 

Levi Premo, the Carriage Maker and Blacksmitij, on Wales St., Rutland, 
prints a cut of one of his new "side bars" on last fly leaf Mr. Premo has 
built up a successful business, in which he is greatly aided by his son, Levi A. 
In addition to his carriage business he has a fine Livery, where may be had 
good rigs at reasonable rates. 

Otter Creek House, E. E. Rich, proprietor, at Pittsford, is one of the 
pleasantest hotels in the county. The cut of this House, on page 398, is not 
a fair representation by any rfieans. As a summer resort for city people it is 
becoming very popular. The landlord is courteous and attentive to his 
business, and deserves success. He has a fine Livery connected with the 

TuTTLE & Co. — This extensive Book, Paper, Printing and Binding house, 
located in the Herald building, at Rutland, has grown to be the leading estab- 
lishment of the kind in the State. A large portion of the State printirg and 
binding is done here, the facilities for such work being excellent. The whole- 
sale trade of the firm had increased to that extent that more storage room 
was necessary, so that this season they have leased the floor under D. L. 
Morgan's store, and they now occupy, in their different departments, room 
equivalent to six floors of full store size. They advertise on page 514, and 
on bottom margins. 

M. j; Francisco has for years represented many of the leading Fire 
Insurance Companies of the world. His ofiice in Rutland is in the Morse 
block, opposite the Depot. It is a good old maxim, that "a business worth 
following is worth insuring." One rests more contented and sleeps sounder 
if he reahzes that the destruction of his property by fire would not leave him 
destitute, or without means to continue business elsewhere. Keep insured, 
your store, workshop or dwelling. Keep insured, and Francisco will write 
pohcies in strong companies on the most favorable terms. His advertise- 
ment is on the map. 

David Shortsleeve, Iron Founder and Machinist, at Rutland, was a few 
years ago foreman of the Lincoln Iron Works, and there acquired a reputa- 
tion which has helped him to a large business within the short period of 
three years since he began for himself. Since then he has from time to time 
had to build additions to his buildings, and each time the additions were the 
largest. His specialties are rock working machinery, and of these he has 
supphed customers in many of the States of the Union, sending some as far 
west as Nevada and California. Being a practical mechanic, and himself 
manager and foreman, he does not hesitate to warrant his work; hence his 
success. He advertises on fly leaf, facing the first cover. 

26 publisher's notes. 

C. S. Whitney, Dentist, at Rutland, has gained many friends because of 
his mechanical perfection in his profession. Dr. Whitney will aid you in pre- 
serving your teeth, if you give him opportunity. See card, page 482. 

Edwin C. Wheaton, of Pittsford, calls attention, on page 456, to the fact 
of his being a breeder and dealer in registered merino sheep, and that he is 
prepared to buy wool. Seekers after good stock should correspond with him. 

Samuel Terrill, the well known Carriage Manufacturer, at Rutland, is 
always a busy man. He does his business well, hence he has much to do. 
He will however find time to show all new customers his facilities for turning 
out first-class work. Read his card on page 372. 

Frank M. McLean, son of the late Jas. K. McLean, said to have been one 
of the best printers in the State, is engaged in Job Printing at Rutland. He 
sets a clean, artistic job, and his prices are reasonable. He prints a neat 
card on page 456. 

Dr. p. H. Brassard, a young Physician of promise, a graduate of Laval 
University, Quebec, has located in Rutland for the practice of his profession. 
Undoubtedly his ambition and close attention to business will lead to success. 
His card is on page 482. 

Mrs. Ellen McMahon, at Castleton, delights her numerous customers 
with new and elegant styles of millinery, fancy goods and stylish patterns for 
ladies' and children's garments. Remember to call on her when you visit 
Castleton. Card on page 32. 

Albert S. Marshall, dealer in watches, jewelry, silver and plated ware, 
at Rutland, presents an illustrated card on page 482. Mr. Marshall's stock 
is extensive, and buyers may depend upon his representing goods as they are. 
Give him a call when in Rutland. 

Leonard Fish, of Ira, prints a card on page 498. Mr. Fish is among the 
well known breeders and dealers in pure blood merino sheep and fine horses. 
He has spent much time and money in the improvement of domestic stock, 
and is one whom buyers should see. 

State Trust Co., of Rutland. — This is a new applicant for Banking 
patronage, and being managed by some of the best business men in town, 
will undoubtedly meet the expectations of the projectors and afford increased 
financial facifities to the citizens. Card on page 456. 

Peter Fagan, Merchant Tailor, at Rutland, has been long and favorably 
known as a man of excellent judgment in his business. Aided by his ac- 
complished cutter, Mr. Albert Novak, he is daily turning out good serviceable 
clothing, fit for a "Prince to wear." See card on page 440. 

C. W. Potter, for many years well and favorably known to citizens all 
over Rutland County as the jolly conductor on the D. & H. C. Co's R. R., 
is now engaged in selhng groceries and provisions at one of the best stands 
in Rutland. His announcement is heralded by a genuine Chinese turnout on 
page 474, which see. Buy of him ; he is sure to suit you. 

Alonzo W. Langmaid&Co., Manufacturing Confectioners, in the Berwick 
House, Rutland, deserve well of the citizens of the county. Mr. Langmaid 
has had extensive experience in all branches of the manufacturing depart- 
ment in Boston and elsewhere, and produces rich and wholesome goods. 
They also manufacture superior ice cream. Please see the///// on page 498. 

publisher's notes. 27 

J. B. Franklyn, proprietor of the Paper and Pulp Mills, at Pittsford, 
advertises his wares on page 388. 

Frisbie & Miller, Attorneys and Counselors at Law, publish a card on 
page 378. They are ready at all times to undertake the adjustment of knotty 
legal questions. 

John Flanagan, the popular manufacturer and dealer in boots and shoes, 
at Rutland, wishes you to read his advertisement on page 398. He makes 
to order in latest styles. 

Jock Poreau, at Pittsford, lets trusty horses with good carriages at reason- 
able prices. Remember his Livery Stable when you want to drive. He 
advertises on page 401. 

C E. Taylor, the enterprising dealer in groceries, hardware, boots, shoes, 
&c., at Middletown Springs, invites your patronage on page 378. His card 
is modest, but he sells good goods at low prices. 

Flint Bros. & Co. are producers of the celebrated Eureka marble at 
Double Road Crossing, Center Rutland. They do a large business. See 
advertisement on page 474. 

Thomas D. Hall & Son, of Pittsford, are successful breeders of merino 
sheep and Jersey cattle. They are also manufacturers' agents for a great 
variety of farming implements. See card on page 388. 

George A. Eayres, of the " Cheap Cash Store " at Pittsford Mills, has 
posted his advertising man on page 398. Mr. Eayres keeps a general stock 
of merchandise, and is connected with the east part of the village by tele- 
phone. Don't go by without stopping. 

Dr. A. Kilburn, of Rutland, is a Dentist of successful experience. By 
industry, skill and good judgment in his work, he has acquired a large 
practice. Too many people neglect their teeth, and thereby entail diseases 
that might be avoided if properly treated by a good dentist. See card on 
page 388. 

L. G. KiNGSLEY, the well known dealer in hardware, furniture, carpets, 
undertakers' goods, &c., publishes a card on page 401. This is the most 
extensive general hardware house in Rutland County. Mr. Kingsley has had 
long experience, buys close and sells close, all of which is advantageous to 
his customers. 

E. N. Merriam, of Rutland, sells musical goods, fancy goods, and manu- 
factures "Perfect Fitting Shirts " and Shirt Patterns, so that any one in the 
county can have stylish shirts made at home. Read his bottom margin 

1'he Star Store, of E. S. Lockrow, at Poultney, was opened last spring. 
Mr. Lockrow has a new stock of hardware, paints, oils, groceries, &c., which 
he promises to sell at bottom prices. He wants to make the acquaintance 
of every farmer for miles around. Go see him. His "Star" shines on page 

Ripley &: Stanley, at their Steam Sawing and Planing Mills, in Poultney, 
do an extensive business in the manufacture of doors, sash, blinds, moldings, 
etc. They also deal largely in pine and spruce lumber, builders' hardware, 
etc. They are enterprising men, who add to the material interests of 
Poultney. Card on i)age 416. 


BoYNTON & Manchester, of Brandon, are well-known Druggists, who keep 
a neat store, well stocked with everything in their line. Card on page 588. 

Briggs & Forbes, of Brandon, are general managers for Vermont of the 
Massachusetts Benefit Association, and they will offer agents good terms. 
Card on page 588. 

Jay Cook, of West Rutland, is well known as a successful breeder of the 
Atwood strain of merino sheep. He will sell choice rams or ewes at reason- 
able prices. Card on page 616. 

M. J. HoRTON, of Poultney, dealer in general hardware, farming tools, 
paints, oils, groceries, etc., is a pleasant gentleman, who has won a large 
circle of friends by his square and liberal dealing. He advertises on page 416. 

The Troy Conference Academy, the history of which is printed on page 
185 of the Gazetteer, with illustration opposite, is also advertised on page 410. 
Under the management of Prof. Dunton this school is meeting with great 
and deserved success. 

C. L. Stewart, of East Clarendon, deals in Country Produce and sells 
several of the best agricultural implements in the market. As he is manufac- 
turers' agent, customers will do well to buy direct of him. He is also breeder 
of Hambletonian horses. Card on page 550. 

Greene & Spooner, of EasV Wallingford, have established a reputation 
for making good wagons, carriages and sleighs. They also do general job- 
bing, and all at fair rates. Being practical men they should receive a liberal 
share of custom. See advertisement on page 544. 

E. D. Hinds, owner of " Redpath " the celebrated stallion, winner of three 
first prizes at State Fairs, and breeder of fine trotting and road horses, and 
of full-blood merino sheep, at Brandon, advertises on page 588. Mr. Hinds' 
father was known as a successful breeder, and his son will maintain the repu- 
tation then earned. v 

J. Adams & Sons, Marble Manufacturers, Iron Founders and Machinists, at 
Fairhaven, have established a reputation for turning out excellent work. The 
Clogston patent gang saw and Clogston patent turning lathe are now in use 
in the largest mills in the marble and stone-cutting business. So great has 
the demand for these machines become that additional shop-room has, from 
necessity, been provided. The firm are also manufacturers of superior slate- 
sawing machines and other implements used in the business. Card on page 

C. T. GoRHAM & Son, of West Rutland, own one of the best stock farms 
in the county. On page 642 they advertise pure blood merino sheep, Ayr- 
shire cattle, Chester white hogs and fine horses. 

The Rutland Herald, — Not a man is now living in Rutland county who 
can distinctly recollect when the first number of the Herald made its appear- 
ance. While many other papers have been born, struggled through a brief 
existence, and have died, the Herald has continuously made its weekly visits, 
and has done more service in moulding the minds of the inhabitants of this 
great commonwealth than any other paper in the State. Not more than half 
a dozen papers in the Union are older. The publishers of the Herald may 
well feel proud of their paper. Let them continue to improve its standard 
of usefulness as they have done in the past, is the wish of its many admirers. 
See advertisement inside front cover. 


W. D. Lane, grower and importer of field and garden seeds, Middlebury, 
Vt., publishes a card on page 616. Interested persons will do well to cor- 
respond with him. 

C. M. WiNSLOW, of Brandon, advertises Ayrshire cattle and Cotswold 
sheep on page 588. He breeds for the best points and will give good bar- 
gains to purchasers. 

Wm. E. Rowe, Carriage Maker, at East Wallingford, prints an illustrated 
card on page 550. He makes all goods in his line of superior materials, and 
in first-class style throughout. Give him a call. 

E. H. & B. W. Aldrich, lumber manufacturers and dealers, and 
proprietors of the Grist Mills at East Wallingford, advertise on page 544. 
They sell low as the market will afford, and give good measure. 

Bradi^ey and Albert Fish, breeders of full blood merino sheep, in Ira, 
invite the attention of all interested in the improvement of this valuable 
animal, to their card on page 536. They are conscientious breeders, and 
will deal justly by their patrons. 

The Vermont State Normal School at Castleton is advertised on page 
564, and on pages 99, &c., we have given an account of the school which we 
desire all to read. Under the present management the school will add fresh 
laurels to its fair fame. 

W. F. Parker, Watch Maker and Jeweler, at Fairhaven, prints a card in- 
side the back cover. Mr. Parker has one of the finest stock of goods in this 
section of Vermont, and will offer bargains that cannot be surpassed. Please 
remember this fact when you have an occasion to present an article of 
jewelry or silverware to a bride; or if you are needing to buy anything in his 
line for your own use, recollect that amid a large variety you will be hkely to 
find something you will want, and of the quahty desired. 

The Russell House, Hydeville, presided over by the gentlemanly pro- 
prietor, Mr. C. M. Hawkins, is most beautifully located. In addition to the 
attractions noted in the advertisement on colored page facing back cover, 
we would mention that about ten rods back of the house is a delightful grove 
of tall trees, where numerous swings are placed for the convenience of guests. 
This grove of two or three acres is free from underbrush, and borders on the 
outlet of Lake Bomoseen, the boat houses and dock being just in the rear 
of the hotel. That it is a favorite summer resort is not at all to be wondered 
at. Mr. Russell has fitted his large house up in splendid style. He has a 
fine Hvery in connection with the house. 

McClure Bros., dealers in Pianos, Organs, etc., at No. 25 Merchants' 
row, Rutland, publish an illustrated card on page 506. This enterprising 
firm are thoroughly acquainted with the merits of different musical instru- 
ments, and have secured the agency of the leading manufacturers for this 
section of Vermont. Such firms as William Knabe & Co. and Chickering 
& Sons, the Smith American Organ Co., etc., cannot afford to send from their 
factories a single imperfect instrument. These houses are all wealthy, they 
employ at all times the best skill to be had, and secure for their instruments 
all improvements of value. Messrs. McClure Bros, are prepared to furnish 
every guarantee sanctioned by the manufacturers. They deal also in other 
instruments and in musical merchandise generally. The citizens of Rutland 
county and vicinity will do well to give this firm a call before purchasing 
musical goods. 


publisher's notes. 

Dr. J. 1). Hanrahan, of Rutland, is too well-known to need recommenda- 
tion here. For the benefit of those who may wish to consult him, he prints 
a card on page 520. 

W. B. Sargent, Carriage Maker, and manufacturer at wholesale of felloes 
and carriage bent work, has established a reputation for turning out superior 
work. His card is on page 5 1 4. 

C. L. Barber is one of the well-known breeders of registered merino 
sheep, in Castleton. Persons wishing to improve their stock may find here 
just what they desire. See card on page 520. 

The Rutland Review, edited by H. W. Love, is an independent weekly 
paper, neatly printed and having many admirers. The paper is usually well 
filled with local news. See advertisement on page 578. 

B. F. Graves, manufacturer of plows, cultivators, clothes dryers. See, at 
Hydeville, produces superior articles of the several kinds. He should receive 
a Uberal patronage from the citizens of his county. Card on page 536. 

Hiram Hamilton has for more than a quarter of a century been known 
as a breeder of fine stock. His Spanish merino sheep, Hambletonian horses 
and fine cattle, among the best in the county, may be seen on his farm in 
Fairhaven. Card on page 562. 

F. W. & C. D. Shedd, dealers in General Merchandise, at Center Rut- 
land, are also agents for the " Giant Riding Saw Machine," and for the Twin 
Dasher Churn, both useful implements. Read their advertisement on 
page 520. They are fair and liberal dealers. 

A. C. Halsey, dealer in fine clothing, at Brandon, also manufactures to 
order from superior goods, cut and fitted by his experienced assistant, Mr. 
A. Haase, who has charge of the custom department. Gentlemen in want of 
clothing or furnishing goods of any kind can be satisfactorily supplied here. 
Card on page 536. 

Todd's Hotel, at East WalUngford, is located in a beautiful part of the 
county, and the House is receiving a liberal share of the custom of pleasure- 
seekers, who love to spend their vacations in this healthful chmate of the 
Green Mountains. Wm. J. Todd, the proprietor, is a popular landlord, who 
furnishes livery when wanted. Card on page 544. 

Franklin Scott, Patent Solicitor and Attorney in Patent cases, at North 
Bennington. This gentleman has probably facilities for securing the inter- 
ests of his clients superior to any other attorney in Vermont, and undoubt- 
edly not surpassed anywhere. Of a mechanical turn of mind, he has per- 
fected himself in the art of drawing and designing, until he now stands con- 
fessedly at the pinacle of the profession. His knowledge of mechanics, 
enables him to point out defects or suggest improvements in the designs of 
his cUents, and his immense library, pertaining to patent matters, enables him 
also to point out what has already been done, if anything, by others, to hin- 
der the success of an application. Finally his long experience in legal points 
connected with this peculiar practice, combined with his other qualifications, 
eminently fits him for successfully advancing the interests of the inventor. As 
you would employ the most skillful physician to be obtained, in desperate 
cases of disease, so to secure your financial interests in patent matters you 
should employ one who understands how to introduce all the claims made, in 
such language and manner as will seaa-e the desired rights and privileges. 
See Mr. Scott's advertisement, page 627. 


Samuel Boardman & Son, of West Rutland, are well known breeders of 
the Atwood family of merino sheep. They have supphed some of the best 
stock that has gone out of the county. They advertise on page 578. 

Mrs. W. H. H. Gould, Doctress, of Rutland, has been quite successful in 
her treatment of patients in many parts of the county. She has an extensive 
ride. Her card appears on page 578. 

The Fairhaven Era, a neat and popular newspaper, in the western part 
of the county, is pubHshed every Wednesday, by Frank W. Redfield, a spicy 
and entertaining writer. The paper deserves a Hberal support, and no doubt 
will continue to receive it. Card on page 642. 

Dunn & Foehr, Merchant Tailors, No. 23 Merchants row, Rutland, pre- 
sent a very attractive advertisement on the map. This firm are prepared to 
make to order fine clothing in as elegant style as cai be had in the larger cities. 
Mr. Loehr, as a cutter and fitter, professes to be e([ual to any of his crafts- 
men. Dress up ! Put on new clothes. G:) to Dann & Loehr for anew out- 
fit. They will treat you well. 

Jenness Richardson, Naturahst and Taxidermist, has studied the habits of 
animals and birds, and practiced his art about ten years. Several specimens 
of his work are now on exhibition in the Museum of Natural Histor)', at 
Boston, Mass. He is universally recommended in Rutland, his native town, 
as an expert. Animal heads are easy to get, and when set up are a pleasing 
ornament. Card on page 498. 

Wm. Metzger, Upholsterer, on Evelyn street, Rutland, practiced his pro- 
fession in New York and Brooklyn, and has been over twelve years in Rut- 
land. He is thoroughly competent to execute the most elaborate style of 
upholstery work in the best manner and at reasonable rates. He executes 
orders for packing valuable furniture, crockery, &c., for long transportation, 
and manufactures awnings and tents to order, of superior materials. Re- 
member to call on him when anything in his line is needed. See card, on 
page 490. 

V. N. Forbes, of Westhaven, has for several years devoted much attention 
to the improvement of his stock of sheep, until now his flock of registered 
merinos, of the Robinson and Atwood famihes, are as pure as any in this 
locality. He is also a breeder of Jersey cattle. Card on page 562. 

The Cooley Creamer, as manufactured by the Vermont Farm Machine 
Company, has acquired a wide-spread reputation for its excellent qualities. 
Several styles are made. We refer the reader to the illustrated advertisement, 
opposite page 344. The Davis Swing Churn is so easy of operation and so 
eff'ectual that it can't fail of gaining friends. The firm also manufacture a 
superior Evaporator for making maple syrup, &c., which in this country can 
be made a source of large profit. 

Albert W. Higgins, leading druggist, of Rutland, advertises on colored 
page, opposite the map. Mr. Higgins' store, in the Bates House . block. 
Merchants row, is fitted up in an elegant manner, and his stock of goods is 
unsurpassed in quality and variety. For the convenience of callers he has 
supplied directories of leading cities and of States, which may be freely con- 
sulted. As a manufacturer of proprietory medicines he has acquired consider- 
able celebrity. Country physicians can be supphed here with medicines on 
favorable terms. 

publisher's notes — ADVERTISEMENT. 

Lester Fish, breeder of full blood merino sheep, fine horses and Jersey 
cattle, at Ira, prints an illustrated card on page 514. He is among the suc- 
cessful and well known breeders. 

Chas. E. Mailhiot, practical Boot and Shoe Maker, at 61 Center street, 
Rutland, prints an illustrated card on page 490. Citizens of the county who 
patronize Mr. Mailhiot, will, by reason of comfortable, easy-fitting and stylish 
boots or shoes, feel pleased with their bargains. " Unsurpassed for ease and 
comfort" is Mr. M's motto. 

Eureka Slate Company, of Poultney, has become one of the best known 
in the county. Their quarries produce the celebrated Unfading Green Slate, 
as well as other colors, and the goods produced find a market, not only 
throughout the United States, but in the old country as well. One of the 
partners has his office in London, while the resident and managing partner, 
Mr. Hugh G. Hughes, is one of the busiest men in Poultney. See adver- 
tisement, opposite page 345. 



->^tcFAISrCY GOODS^lE-*- 





I^^HE State of Vermont was originally divided into but two counties, the 
*^° Green Mountains, from which Vermont derives its name through the 
fj? French Verd Mont, being the dividing hne. The portion on the west was 
called "Bennington," and that on the east "Cumberland" County. On Feb. 
13, 1 781, by an act of the General Assembly, Bennington County was cir- 
cumscribed to its present Hmits, while the portion to the northward was 
formed into Rutland County. By the formation of Addison County, in 
1787, Rutland County was brought to its present limits, with the exception 
of Orwell, which was set off to Addison County, Nov. 13, 1847. 
Tinmouth was selected as the county seat, and remained so until 1784, 
when it was removed to Rutland. The bar-room of the hotel, built of 
logs, was used as a court house. The first chief justice of the county 
was Hon. Increase Moseley, of Castleton, a native of Connecticut, 
and a graduate of Yale College. The Supreme Court commences its 
session at Rutland on the ist Tuesday after the 4th Tuesday of Janu- 
ary, and the County Court on the 2d Tuesdays in April and Septem- 
ber. The United States Circuit Court sits here annually on the 3d, and the 
District Court on the 6th day of October. 

The county is divided into two Probate Districts, Fairhaven and Rutland. 
The Fairhaven District is composed of the towns of Fairhaven, Pawlet, 
Wells, Poultney, Westhaven, Castleton, Benson, Hubbardton and Sudbury, 
while the residue of the county is included within the Rutland District. The 
county sends four Senators, and each town a Representative annually to the 
General Assembly. 

The county lies in the western part of the State, between 43° 18' and 43° 
54' north latitude, and between 3^ 41' and 4° 19' longitude east from Wash- 
ington. It is bounded north by Addison County, east by Windsor, south by 
Bennington, and west by Washington County, N.Y., and contains twenty-five 
towns : — Benson, Brandon, Castleton, Chittenden, Clarendon, Danby, Fair- 
haven, Hubbardton, Ira, Mendon, Middletown, Mount Holly, Mount Tabor, 
Pawlet, Pittsfield, Pittsford, Poultney, Rutland, Sherburne, Shrewsbury, Sud- 
bury, Tinmouth, Wallingford, Wells and Westhaven. 

The county is centrally distant from Montpelier, the State Capital, about 
fifty-five miles, is forty-two miles long from north to south, and thirty-four 



wide from east to west, and contains 958 square miles of territory. The 
physical features are diversified by lofty peaks of the Taconic and Green 
Mountain ranges, the former cut by broad fertile valleys. The mean tem- 
perature of the climate is about 43°, while the rainfall averages about 40 to 
43 inches a year. All the mountains east of Otter Creek belong to the 
Green Mountain range, while those to the west of it belong to the Taconic 
range, which extends from Massachusetts through Bennington County as far 
north as Brandon, in Rutland County. Along Otter Creek and in the south- 
western part of the county, the surface is level and handsome, and the soil of 
the first quality. The remaining parts are hilly and broken, but the soil is 
warm and well adapted to the production of grass and grain, and it is owing 
to this that Rutland County is so noted as a wool-growing county. The 
highest point is Killington Peak, one of the Green Mountain range, so named 
from the town of Killington, now Sherburne ; it is situated in the towns of 
Mendon and Sherburne, and about ten miles east from Rutland village. Its 
height, according to the admeasurement of the signal service corps, in 1879, 
is 4,380 feet. Pico Peak, in Sherburne and Mendon ; Shrewsbury Peak, 
in Mendon and Shrewsbury ; White Rocks, in Wallingford ; Mount Tabor, 
in Mount Tabor, are also elevated peaks in the Green Mountain system. 

Several peaks in the Taconic range rise to the height of three thousand 
feet or more, and, in consequence of the decomposition of the limestone 
which often enters largely into the composition of the rock of the mountains, 
the tops and sides are often clothed with a verdure rarely if ever seen on the 
western slope of the Green Mountains, where siHcious rocks prevail to a great 
extent. The principal peaks are Bird and Herrick mountains, in Ira, Moose 
Horn mountain, in Wells, and Danby mountain, in Danby. The timber of 
the county is principally spruce, hemlock, beech, birch and maple, with some 
pine, basswood, poplar and oak. 

The country is well watered by numerous streams that have their sources in 
the several mountain tops. Otter Creek, the principal one, flows through the 
county from south to north. Black, White and Quechee rivers all originate 
in the eastern part, and flow easterly into Connecticut River. Pawlet River 
runs across the south-west corner, and Poultney, Castleton and Hubbardton 
Rivers water the western part. 

Numerous lakes and ponds are located in the several towns, of which Lake 
St. Catharine or Lake Austin, in Wells and Poultney, and Lake Bomoseen, 
in Castleton and Hubbardton, are the largest. The latter is a handsome, 
deep sheet of water about eight miles long by two and one-half in width. 
The lakes are much resorted to by pleasure parties. 


The rocks of the county are the Cakiferous sand rock, which enters the State 
from New York, in the town of Westhaven, passing northward through the 
western portion of that town and Benson, into Addison County. This rock 


forms the transition from pure sandstone to pure limestone, and therefore par- 
takes of the character of each. The width of the belt varies from a few 
rods to three miles, and its thickness from two to eighty feet. Adjacent to, 
and parallel with this rock, extends a narrow range of Trenton limestone 
which contains a great many beautiful fossils. This range, according to 
Prof. Adams, is about four hundred feet in thickness. 

The Hudsoti River slates enter the county at Westhaven, and extend north 
through Benson into Addison County. The range has a mean width of about 
five miles. In the south-eastern part of Benson, and eastern part of West- 
haven, it is cut by a ledge of Hudson River limesto7ie about a mile-and-a-half 
in width, and eight to ten miles long. This slate, though not as valuable a 
range as the Georgia slate, is still of great value. A number of quarries are 
worked for roofing-slate. The operation of splitting the slate to the required 
thickness for roofing is a difficult one and requires much practice and 
patience ; it is generally performed by Welshmen, who take the blocks of 
slate rock and at a glance perceive the direction of its " cleve" or " rift," and 
commence work upon it by splitting through the middle of the block and con- 
tinue to subdivide each block till sheets of slate thin enough for roofing are 

A narrow belt of Talcoid schist enters the county at Fairhaven, and extends in 
a northerly direction through the south-eastern corner of Benson, into Hub- 
bardton. Another range of this rock, about five miles in width, enters at the 
southern extremity of the county, in the towns of PawletandDanby, and extends 
north through Middletown, Ira, Rutland and Castleton, into Hubbardton. 
Talcoid schist is a stratified rock of a greenish color, having a smooth lamina 
of a pearly luster, and, when reduced to powder, is unctuous to the touch. To 
this formation of rock, according to Prof. Hager, all the gold found in Ver- 
mont is confined. 

There is a pecuHar kind of conglomerate associated with this rock, found 
only in Rutland County. It consists of transparent quartz pebbles in a tal- 
cose paste. It is abundant in Ira, Middletown, Wells and Pawlet. Upon 
Bird Mountain, in Ira, it constitutes the mass of the rock. The pebbles are 
usually about the size of kernels of corn. 

There is an immense bed of hmestone in schists, lying partly in Ira, but 
mostly in West Rutland. It is very dark blue, nearly black. There is also 
another large bed in Pawlet, and some small beds in talcoid schists of Cas- 
tleton and Hubbardton. The average thickness of the talcoid schists is 
over two thousand feet. 

The Georgia slate is a very abundant rock, entering the State in Pawlet 
and extending northward in a belt from five to eight miles in width, passing 
through the towns of Pawlet, Wells, Poultney, Fairhaven and Hubbardton, 
where it gradually becomes narrower, through Sudbury, and finally ends in 
Addison County. The finest roofing slates of the Georgia slate deposit, in 
Vermont, are found in Rutland County. The excellent character of the 


slate for economical purposes is too well known to demand repetition here. 
It has various colors, such as greenish, reddish brown, what is generally called 
"slate color," chocolate, mottled, bright red, and bluish gray. There are numer- 
ous shades of all these colors, as well as innumerable intermediate varieties. 
Some of the varieties are so soft as to be used for slate pencils, and can be 
cut into every conceivable shape. Many of the layers are compacted together, 
and, being destitute of cleaverage planes, appear like a thick, homogeneous 
mass of argillaceous rock. More will be said of the quarries, etc., of this 
range in connection with the several towns. 

Entering the county at Danby, and extending northward through the towns 
of Tinmouth, Clarendon, Rutland, Pittsford and Brandon, is a range of rocks, 
varying from one to five miles in width, that has made the name of " Rut- 
land " familiar in nearly all parts of the world. It is a range of the famous 
Eolian limestone, or Marble. Marble is a name appropriately applied to 
those varieties of carbonate of lime, or lime and magnesia, that can be quar- 
ried in large blocks, destitute of fissures, and sufficiently compact and uniform 
in structure to receive a good polish. The variety of marble that has been 
most extensively worked in Vermont is the white granular variety. In color 
and structure it closely resembles the Italian Carara marble, the quarries of 
which were opened in the days of JuUus C^sar, and since then have become 
celebrated for the great amount of marble taken therefrom and the valuable 
blocks that they have contributed for statuary purposes. Of the marble 
quarries, etc., more will be spoken anon. 

Within this range, extending through the towns of Danby, WaUingford, 
Clarendon and Rutland, are narrow beds of Quartz rock and Talcoid schists. 
Next to the Eolian range, and extending through the whole length of the 
county, is a Pliocene tertiary deposit of narrow limits. At Pittsford, a 
branch shoots off into Chittenden. In this deposit are found ores of Man- 
ganese, brown coal, ocher, and hematite ores. 

The most abundant of the rocks, is the Green Mountain gneiss, which 
enters the county from the south, and is deposited in Mount Tabor, Wal- 
hngford, Mount Holly, Shrewsbury, Sherburne, Mendon and Chittenden. 
Most of the gneiss is concealed by drift, the only ledges being found at South 
Chittenden, and along the border of the formation north of this village. 
The greater part of Chittenden is made up of this range, where in the east- 
ern part, it forms very high mountains. 

Granite is composed of the same material as gneiss, the composition of 
gneiss varying from it only, in having a distinctly stratified, slaty or laminated 
structure. For this reason, many suppose the Green Mountains are com- 
posed of granite ; but this idea is erroneous, for but very Httle granite is 
found in the entire range. There are some streaks found in the gneiss of 
this county, but not enough for remunerative working. 

Iron Ore. — Iron, which contributes more to supply the varied wants of 
man, and is made more serviceable than any other metal, is found abundantly 


disseminated in the crust of the earth and in a greater variety of combina- 
tions than any other metal. Ores of iron are scattered with beneficient 
profusion over every portion of the earth, and it not only forms an essential 
ingredient in most of those substances that are compounded in the great 
laboratory of nature, but it enters into the material organization of man, and 
is essential to his existence. Many ores of iron are found in Rutland 
County, of which the brown oxyd or hematite is the most abundant. This 
ore is generally imbedded in, and has upon its surface a friable oxyd of iron, 
known as yellow ocher, from which the solid and valuable ore is separated 
by washing before it is smelted. The ocher is prepared and used largely as a 
paint. Kaolin is also found, and generally resting upon or lying above the 
beds of ocher. Beds of iron ore are found in Chittenden, Tinmouth, Wal- 
lingford, Pittsfordand Brandon. The latter town contains the most iron, and 
formerly contained the largest furnace in the State. Fire brick, paints and 
paper clay (elutriated Kaolin,) are prepared and manufactured in large quanti- 
ties here also. 

Fossils of many varieties are found throughout the county, the finest of 
which are found in the Trenton limestone of the northern part of the county. 
In Mount Holly, 1,415 feet above the level of the ocean, the bones of a fossil 
elephant were found in 1847. Other fossils are found in Chittenden, — the 
bones of small animals such as are not now extinct. 

Moraine terraces were formed when water covered the greater part of 
Vermont. They are elevations of gravel and sand, with correspondent de- 
pressions of most singular and scarcely describable forms. 

The theory of the formation of Moraine terraces is, that icebergs became 
stranded at the base and on the sides of hills, and that deposits were made 
around and upon them, and they would have been level-topped if the ice had 
remained; but in consequence of its melting, they are now extremely irregular. 

Extraordinary accumulations of Moraine terraces occur upon the water- 
shed of the Battenkill River and Otter Creek. Following down the creek, 
Moraine terraces may be seen extending through the greater part of Danby, 
and at North WaUingford. They are continuous from this village to 
Clarendon. In the north-west part of Tinmouth, passing into Clarendon, 
may be seen other examples of Moraine terraces. They are particularly 
abundant in the east part of Rutland, near the Hne of Mendon, most of the 
length of the town, lying at the foot of the great range of quartz rock. Be- 
tween Pittsford Furnace and North Chittenden, upon the north-west side of 
Furnace River, is one of the finest examples of Moraine terraces in the State. 

Near the village of Pittsford, and continuing north to Forestdale, in Bran- 
don, along the west slope of the Green Mountains, are found evidences of an 
ancient sea beach from six hundred to eight hundred feet above the present 
level of the sea. 

Aliuviufn. — Under this head geologists include all the loose or partially 
consolidated materials that have been worn from the older rocks at whatever 


period, and brought into their present state since the tertiary period. These 
materials, by whatever agencies first torn oft" from the soHd ledges, have been 
more or less sorted and deposited by water in layers or strata, generally 
horizontal. The size of the fragments varies from that of enormous blocks, 
weighing thousands of tons, down to the impalpable powder of the finest 
mud. The power of water in the frozen state — as glaciers, icebergs and 
icefloes — is very great ; but still greater when it exerts its expansive force in 
freezing. Gunpowder hardly equals it; and probably a large part of the 
loose materials scattered over the surface as bowlders, are first loosened from 
the ledges by the freezing of water in the crevices of the rocks. Even 
though they get only an infinitesimal start the first year, each subsequent year 
— because the crevices are widening — will witness an increase of the work. 
The drainage of the land, also, by rivers, accomplished again and again, by 
the vertical movement, has worn out gorges and valleys of great depth, 
and the work has not yet ceased, as may be seen in the remarkable change 
effected in the Poultney River, three miles north-west of the village of Fair- 
haven, during a freshet in 1783. The river had previously run through a 
rocky gorge over a fall, because probably its old bed on a previous continent 
had been filled with sand. But having been diverted back again by the 
freshet, into the sand, it soon cleared out its channel and left the falls dry. 
About two miles north of Cuttingsville is an old river-bed now occupied by 
the railroad, in Shrewsbury, near the west fine. The length of the old bed 
is about three-quarters of a mile. The river now runs through a deep gorge 
in slaty rock, seventy-five feet deep in some places. Terraces abound at the 
side of the gorge near where the old bed is situated. On Mill Brook, a 
branch of Otter Creek, a httle east of the Bennington and Rutland Railway, 
in Clarendon, the stream has cut a gorge through the rock eighty-five feet 
deep, and three old beds can be traced. 

Thus the face of the earth is constantly changing, and the change will 
continue, as it has in the past, through countless ages. 


The staple productions of the county, are corn, rye, buckwheat, potatoes, 
butter, cheese, hay, maple sugar, and products of the orchard and garden. 
Considerable attention is also paid to dairying and wool-growing. Accord- 
ing to the U. S. census of 1870, the county contained 301,499 acres of 
improved land, producing 23,192 bushels of wheat, 7,939 bushels of rye, 
180,780 bushels of Indian corn, 246,092 bushels of oats, 3,462 bushels of 
barley, 22,127 bushels of buckwheat and 617,094 bushels of potatoes. It 
had $2,314,499.00 worth of live stock, consisting of 19,594 milch cows, 5,623 
horses, 4,566 swine, 1,227 oxen and 83,870 sheep. 

From the milk of the cows was manufactured 119,645 lbs. of butter, and 
1,369,844 lbs. of cheese. The sheep yielded 425,216 lbs. of wool, or about 
five and one-half pounds to the ileece. 




The famous Merino Sheep, the breeding of which Vermont is so justly 
celebrated, is brought to as fine a state of perfection in Rutland County, and 
it produces as fine specimens, as any district in the world. 

The Merino is the most important breed of sheep as regards the texture of 
the wool. The breed in modern times was brought to great perfection in 
Spain, though their originals probably formed the flocks of the patriarchs 

^''^5^ _ 

(PoNEY. — Weight, 148 lbs. ; Fleece, 26 lbs. 4 oz. Sired by Bull-Dog, by Dean's Little 
Wrinkly, by Sweepstakes, by Little Wrinkly, (Hammond's,) by Old Wrinkly, by Old Greasy, 
by Wooster, by Old Black. Dam Poney Ewe, (fleece, 16 lbs. 3 oz. ); by Green Mountain. 
Dam to Poney Ewe, Old Stubs, bred by V. Rich, Shoreham, Vt. A pure Spanish Merino 
Ram, bred and owned by John H. Mead, West Rutland Vt.) 

thousands of years ago and have been the stock of all the fine-wooled sheep. 
They have wool growing on their foreheads and cheeks ; the horns are very 
large and heavy, and convulated laterally; the wool is fine, long, soft and 
twisted in silky spiral ringlets, and naturally so oily that the fleece looks 
dingy and unclean from the dust and dirt adhering to the outside ; the 
form is not so symmetrical as in many English breeds, and there is generally 
a loose skin hanging from the neck and other })arts of the body. 

Both Spanish and French Merinos have been introduced into the United 
States, the former by Hon. David Humphreys, Minister to the Court of 
Madrid, in 1802, and the latter by Mr. Taintor, of Hartford, Conn., in 1846; 


it is said that three Spanish Merinos were brought to Boston in 1793, by 
William Foster, but they were not preserved for breeding purposes. In 
Rutland County the breeding of Merino sheep has been brought to such a 
state of perfection, that it may indeed be called without exaggeration, a 
"science." First, and foremost among the old masters in this line, should 
be mentioned, Mr. Dyer Townsend of Wallingford, the oldest sheep breeder 
in the State, and a man who in the early history of the breeding of Merino 
sheep in Rutland County, in 1827, purchased thirteen Merinos brought from 
Connecticut by Mr. Frederick Button. 

For a long term of years Mr. Townsend was said to have the best Merino 
sheep in the State. Rutland County sheep breeders are justly proud of his 
record. Mr. Townsend is to-day a hale, hearty man, 94 years of age, having 
never seen a day's sickness, never had the headache and "cannot remember 
when he has missed a meal." A man possessed of the highest moral char- 
acter, and never having allowed himself the use of intoxicating liquors, he 
stands to-day a living monument in favor of the cause of temperance. He 
still superintends a large farm, attends to banking, and much other business, 
but at the same time does not forget his early love for fine Merinos. He 
still retains a small flock of the same blood he has so long bred, and standing 
at the head of this flock is a fine ram, sired by " Poney " whose picture heads 
this article. 

Mr. Alfred Hull, also of Wallingford, bought of Mr. Atwood, of Connecti- 
cut, in 1 849, a few sheep which he bred in comi)any with Col. N. T. Sprague, 
of Brandon, a former president of the Vermont Merino Sheep Breeders' As- 

In 1827, Deacon Frederick Button, of Clarendon, bought of Stephen At- 
wood, of Connecticut, two lots of Merinos, from which he bred a flock, after- 
wards breeding in blood from the flocks of Consul Jarvis. At the time Mr. 
Button made one of these purchases, he was accompanied by Mr. David P. 
Holden, of Wallingford, who also purchased a few. " These are the first 
Atwood sheep brought into Vermont," says Mr. Albert Chapman, editor of 
The Vermont Merino Sheep Register. 

The father of Edward Hinds, of Brandon, also bred one of the leading 
flocks in Vermont, of Atwood blood, and Edward has a flock of the same 

Mr. J. S. Benedict, of Castleton, also one of the old-time breeders, has one 
of the prime flocks of the State, his breed being largely tinctured with blood 
of the " Rich " flock, bred by V. Rich, in Addison County, and one of the 
most valuable breeds in the State. 

During the late civil war, the flock owned and bred by Mr. Milton Barber, 
of Hubbardton, was one of the best in the State, but is now scattered. 

Hon. Bradley Fish, of Ira, has a flock of long standing and is a very suc- 
cessful breeder. 

Many flocks of considerable importance have been scattered abroad, which 


pur space will not allow mention of. We can speak of only a few of the 
most important. 

The flock owned by the late Capt. Joseph Sheldon, of Fairhaven, was one 
of the finest showing flocks in the State. Another fine flock was the old 
"Mead" flock of Jarvis sheep, purchased by Esquire Abner Mead, and bred 
a long time by him, and afterwards by his son, Andrew Jackson Mead. In 
the early days, Mr. Mead would drive a lot of fine cattle over to Weathersfield, 
Vt., the home of Consul Jarvis, which he would there exchange for a few 
small Merino sheep, bringing them over the Green Mountains in a lumber 
wagon. Since this time the Mead farm, at West Rutland, has always been 
noted for its sheep breeding. The Merinos early imported from Spain by 
Consul' Jarvis, would only shear ewes, from three to four pounds, and rams, 
from four to seven pounds, the fleeces shrinking, by cleansing, from one-third 
to one-half their weight. After a time, from this stock, Abner Mead bred a 
ram which became quite noted, and was widely known as " Old Tiger," and 
which sheared a fleece of seven pounds weight. 

There is now on the Mead farm a flock that has descended, after sixteen 
years careful care and attention, from one ewe bred by Mr. V. Rich, of Shore- 
ham, Vt. These sheep are called by their present owner, Mr. John H. Mead, 
the " Stub's family " of Rich sheep, from the fact of the grand dam being 
called " Old Stubs." Two ram tegs from this flock were publicly shorn, May 
3, 1 88 1, which sheared respectively, 17 pounds 6 ounces, and 17 pounds 8 
ounces, and at the same time two ewe tegs which cut 15 pounds 10 ounces, 
and 16 pounds 14 ounces. 

Some of the best Merino rams shear over 30 pounds, cleansing nearly 10 
pounds. The famous " Peck " ram, that sired the ewes exhibited by Hon. 
Geo. Campbell, of Westminster, Vt.,at the World's Fair in Europe, and which 
took the first prize, was bought by Col. N. T. Sprague, of Brandon, and left 
stock that made its mark in Rutland county. One of its descendants was 
the famous ram "Green Mountain," owned by Mr. Elijah Smith, of West Rut- 
land. Green Mountain gained a great name as a stock animal, and was a 
source of great profit to his worthy owner. 

The following, very fully illustrates what has been done towards increasing 
the value of the Merino sheep : Where the original Spanish Merino had 
but about 1,500 wool hairs to the square inch, by careful breeding, the growth 
has been increased to nearly 6,000 in the same space. 

Some of the most prominent breeders of Rutland County that have not 
already been mentioned are, F. & J. Q. Smith, Samuel Boardman & Son, 
J. Cook, R. C. Mead and Leonard F. B. Gorham, of West Rutland; Harry 
Collins, Lester Fish, Leonard Fish, C. Lincoln, and Henry, Lyman W. and 
Albert Fish, of Ira ; Hiram and Rufus R. Hamilton and J. A. Elhs, of Fair- 
haven ; F. H. Button, of Clarendon ; F. H. Farrington, D, W. Prime and 
D. Blackmer, of Brandon ; O. C. Martin and RoUin Gleason, of Benson ; D. 
T. Holden & Son, G. Pritchard, E. C. Wheaton, and W. P., Thos. D. & Son 



and Dan K. Hall, of Pittsford ; Chaiincey L. Barber, Jeremiah P. Giddings, 
A. P. Thornton, of Castleton, and V. N. Forbes, of Westhaven. 


The Rutland County Agricultural Society was organized, and held its first 
Fair in 1846, at Castleton. Its first principal officers were, William L. Farn- 
ham, of Poultney, president ; Orel Cook, of Rutland, secretary, and Hon. 
Zimri Howe, of Castleton, treasurer. 

For many years the annual Fairs were held, alternately, at Rutland and 
Castleton. One year, 1852, the annual exhibition was held at Poultney, and 
is the only exception of its being held at other than the places named. In 
i860, the annual exhibitions were permanently located at Rutland. Some 
forty acres of land were purchased, situated about a mile south of the village, 
and buildings, sheds and race track erected, and the annual Fairs have since 
been held thereon, the Vermont State Fair being held upon the grounds nine 

The Society has had its days of prosperity and adversity — " fair weather 
and foul," but is now in a flourishing condition, with $600.00 in its treasury. 
The following is a list of the executive officers from the organization : — 

Ffesidents — WiUiam L. Farnham, Poultney; David Hall, Pittsford; Henry 
W. Lester, Rutland ; Joseph Sheldon, Fairhaven ; Bradley Fish, Ira ; Alpha 
H. Post, Rutland; Henry Hayward, Rutland; A. D. Smith, Danby; Pitt W. 
Hyde, Castleton ; L. H. Kellogg, Benson ; Lensey Rounds, Clarendon ; J. S. 
Benedict, Castleton ; Henry F. Lathrop, Pittsford ; Horace H. Dyer, Rut- 
land ; Henry Clark, Rutland. 

Secretaries — Orel Cook, Rutland, ten years ; W. H. Smith, Rutland, ten 
years ; Henry Clark, Rutland, fifteen years ; Miner Hilliard, Rutland ; Len- 
sey Rounds, Clarendon ; CorneUus C. Pierce, East Clarendon. 

Treasurers — Zimri Howe, Castleton, fifteen years; Miner Hilhard, Rut- 
land ; A. D. Smith, Danby ; Jesse L. BiUings, Rutland ; Walter C. Landon, 


Of the manufacturing interests, that of marble and slate, in their various 
branches, are the most important. Much capital is also employed in the man- 
ufacture of various kinds of machinery, scales, buttons, soap, paint, paper- 
stock, etc., etc. In some of the towns, lumbering, with its various pro- 
ducts is most important. According to the U. S. census of 1870, the county 
had 377 manufacturing estabhshments, operated by 32 steam engines and 
199 water-wheels, giving employment to 2,145 niales and 84 females; there 
being a capital of $3,190,855.00 invested in manufactures. However, 
statistics from the census of 1880, when tabulated and given to the public, 
will show a large increase in these figures. In connection with the history of 
the various townships, the manufactures will be spoken of in detail. 




As previously stated, Court was held at Tinmouth, from 1781 to 1784, 
when it was removed to Rutland. 

The Court House, for eight years, from 1784 to 1792, was the old gambrel- 
roofed building, still standing, next west of the Advent Chapel, on West street, 
in this village. 

Externally, it was then substantially as now. It had only two rooms, one 
with a floor, and the other none. The west one was the court-room, having 
a floor and seats on the north side, a Httle elevated, for the judges, and 
benches for the jurors, witnesses and spectators. The east room had no 
floor, and answered all the other purposes of a court house, grand and petit 
jury-room, &c. The jail was built of logs and stood a few yards to the 
north-west of the court house. 

Humble as this old building may appear to our modern eyes, there yet 
hovers about it a wealth of historical interest that well may fill us with feelings 
of veneration. It was here that the first United States District Court ever 
held in Vermont had its session, on the first Monday in May, 1791, with 
Nathaniel Chipman as Judge, and Frederick Hill as Clerk. The State Leg- 
islature met here in October, 1784 and 1786, and it was under the brief 
control of the anti-court mob, in November, 1786. Each board and timber 
of the venerable structure, were they endowed with speech, would doubtless 
rehearse to us many tales of joy and sorrow, strangely mingling the tragic 
with the comic in their narrative of those who have long since "gone before." 

In the year 1792, a more pretentious court house was built on Main street, 
just above the old FrankHn House ; the funds for its completion being furnished 
by voluntary contribution. It was built of wood, framed and clapboarded, 
facing towards the north. During the first session of the Legislature therein, 
there was passed, October, 25, 1792, "An act for the purpose of raising by 
lottery, the sum of one hundred and sixty pounds lawful money, for the pur- 
pose of defraying the expense of building the new Court House in 

The building remained wholly of wood until the year 1828, when George 
W. Daniels, as contractor, bricked up the outside eight inches thick, sub- 
letting the wood work to W. W. Bailey, the expense being paid by the 
citizens. An extension of twenty feet was put on the building in 1844, 
under the supervision of Zimri Howe of Castleton, as first County Judge. 
For over seventy-five years outraged law was avenged, and justice meted out 
from this building, until the great fire of early morning, April 3, 1868, when 
it was destroyed. The Court was in session at the time of the fire, and for 
the remainder of that term was held at the rooms of Judge Prout, the pre- 
siding Judge ; one term it was held in the Christian Association rooms, and 
two in the Town Hall, after which, until the partial completion of the new 
Court House, was held in the U. S. Court Room. 


The new Court House was commenced the year following the fire, 1869, 
and first occui)ied in March 1871, $72,000.00 having been expended in its 
construction uj) to present date. It is a fine building, situated on the corner 
of Court and Centre streets, built of pressed brick, all but the steps, trim- 
mings and foundation walls, which are of Chester granite. The first floor of 
the building contains the offices of the County Clerk, Judge of Probate, and 
Sheriff. On the second floor is the Court Room and office of the presiding 
Judge. The basement was originally intended to be occupied by cells for 
criminals awaiting trial, but has not been completed, and probably never 
will, for the reason that a portion of the House of Correction has been set 
off as a jail for Rutland County. 


The poor of the County are supported by the towns where the applicants 
reside, and it is to the credit of some of the towns that the office of Overseer 
of the Poor is almost that of a sinecure. 


The railroad between Rutland and Bennington was built under an act of 
the Legislature, passed November 5, 1845, incorporating the Western Ver- 
mont Railroad Company. 

The Company was duly organized, and the first Board of Directors, elected 
Feb. 28th, 1850, were Myron Clarke, President; Aaron R. Vail, Vice- 
President ; Robert Pierpoint, Robinson Hall, Ira Cochran, Martin C. Dem- 
ing, Asahel Hurd, Lemuel Bottum, Alanson P. Lyman. Seneca Smith was 
chosen Clerk, The road was put into operation in 1852. 

The title of the original stockholders having been extinguished by the 
foreclosure of the first mortgage, January i, 1857, the road passed into the 
possession of Shepherd Knapp and George Briggs, Trustees, who leased it 
to the Troy & Boston Railroad Company, by which it was run until January 
16, 1867, Meantime, July 28, 1865, the bondholders organized a new cor- 
poration, called the Bennington & Rutland Railroad Company, of which the 
first Board of Directors were Trevor W. Park, President ; Hiland Hall, 
Alanson P. Lyman, Chas. E. Houghton, M. Carter Hall, Chas. G. Lincoln, 
Treasurer; Nathaniel B. Hall, Hugh Henry Baxter, Geo. W. Harmon, 

Subsequently, on the 8th day of August, 1877, a new corporation, called the 
Bennington & Rntland Railway Company, was organized with the following 
named directors : — Abraham B. Gardner, President ; Augustus Schell, Cor- 
nelius Vanderbilt, Benjamin R. Sears and Trenor W. Park. George W. 
Harman was chosen Clerk, and C. E. Houghton, Treasurer. 

The road is now run by that company, and the following are its officers : — ■ 
Trenor W. Park, President ; John G. McCullough, Vice-President; Geo. W. 


Harman, Clerk; Chas. E. Houghton, Treasurer; and Abraham B. Gardner, 

The Rutland and Washing/on Railroad Company was organized under an 
Act approved by the Legislature November 13, 1847. The first meeting was 
held at West Poultney, on the 23d of February, 1848, at which the following 
Board of Directors were chosen : — Merritt Clark, Marcus G. Langdon, Henry 
Stanley, Isaac W. Thompson, Horace Clark, Edgar L. Ormsbee and Milton 
Brown. Merritt Clark was subsequently elected President, and Horace 
Clark, his brother, Treasurer and Superintendent. The Board of Directors 
continued nearly the same for two years, when the road was opened through 
to Salem, forming a continuous line from Rutland to Troy, N. Y, Four years 
from the day of organization, Horace Clark, a pioneer and master-spirit in 
projecting and completing the road, died, on the 25th of February, 1852 ; the 
day appointed for celebrating its opening, witnessed his funeral rites and 
burial. The road cost about one million of dollars, and did not at first prove 
a financial success. 

Jay Gould became Superintendent of the road January i, 1864, having his 
headquarters for the first two years at Rutland, boarding at the Bardwell 
House. In July of 1876 he negotiated the sale of the road to the D. & H. 
C. Co., by which it is still owned and operated, doing a prosperous business. 

The Champlain and Connecticut River Railroad was incorporated Novem- 
ber I, 1843. The first meeting of stockholders was held at Rutland, May 6, 
1845, with Timothy Follett of Burlington, chairman, and Ambrose L. Brown 
of Rutland, clerk. Voted to open subscriptions for stock, June 10, 1845. 

June 12, 1845, more than 2,000 shares having been subscribed to the capi- 
tal stock, stockholders were notified to meet at the court house in Rutland 
for choice of nine directors, which were chosen as follows : — Timothy Follett, 
Samuel Barker, Ira Stewart, Charles Linsley, John A. Conant, Chester Gran- 
ger, George T. Hodges, William Henry, and Henry N. FuUerton. Subse- 
quently, January 14, 1846, the following were chosen directors in place of the 
old board : — Timothy Follett, Samuel P. Strong, William Nash, Charles Lins- 
ley, John A. Conant, Chester Granger, George T. Hodges, Nathaniel Fuller- 
ton, William Henry, John Elliott, Horace Gray, Samuel Dana, and Samuel 
Henshaw, with Timothy Follett, president. 

The first blow towards its construction was struck during the month of 
February, 1847, in the town of Rockingham, near Bellows Falls. Two years 
and nine months sufficed to complete the road, and it was opened through, 
December 18, 1849. 

The name of the road was changed to the Rutland &= Burlington Railroad 
Company by an Act of the Legislature, November 6, 1847. It was subse- 
quently changed to the Rutland Railroad Company, Hon. John B. Page be- 
ing now president, and Joel M. Haven, treasurer. I'hus, through 
various changes and vicissitudes, litigations and bankruptcy, the whole line, 
its buildings, etc., on the ist day of January, 187 1, was leased for a period of 


twenty years to the Vermont Central Railroad Company, since which time, 
and under the new organization of the Central Vermont Railroad Company, 
it has rapidly grown in prosperity. 

The Rutland and Whitehall Railroad, from Castleton to Whitehall, N, Y., 
twenty-four miles in length, was organized under an Act approved by the Legis- 
lature, November 13, 1847, and the road completed in 1850. Soon after its 
completion, it was leased to the Renssalaer and Saratoga R. R. Co., who 
operated it until 1866, when it was leased to Jay Gould. On July ist of the 
same year, Mr. Gould gave a perpetual lease of the road to the D. & H. C. 
Co., by whom it is still operated. 

A. W. and Pitt W. Hyde, William C. Kittridge and Alanson Albee were 
the chief promoters of the enterprise. The first officers were, A, W. Hyde of 
Castleton, President; Alanson Albee of Fairhaven, Vice-President; P. W. 
Hyde, Clerk ; and W. C. Kittridge of Fairhaven, Treasurer. These, with W. 
W. Cooley, now president of the corporation, constituted the first Board of 


Six weekly papers are pubUshed in the county, with one daily, and one is- 
sued monthly, 

Rutland. —The first paper ever published in the county was The Herald 
of Vermont or Rutland Courier; a weekly, edited and published by Anthony 
Haswell. The first copy was issued June 18, 1792, and contained the follow- 
ing motto which clearly proclaims the character of the paper: 
"Let Seutiment flow Free aud Candour guide, 
We Own no Party, aud Espouse no Side." 

This paper was only continued a few months, when the printing office was 
destroyed by fire, either Sunday, September i6th or 23d, 1792. This put a 
stop to the publication of the sheet, and it was never again resumed, although 
the Legislature at Rutland on the 31st of October following, "passed an act 
granting a Lottery to A. Haswell, to raise ^200 to repair the damages sus- 
tained by him on account of the destruction of his printing office by fire." 

In 1793, James Lyon commenced the publication of the ''Farmer's Libra- 
ry or Ver7no7it Political and Historical Register." The first copy was issued 
April ist, and the publication continued until November 29th, 1794, when the 
concern was purchased by Judge Samuel WiUiams and Rev. Samuel Williams, 
LL. D., and on the 8th day of December, 1794, the first number of the RUT- 
LAND HERALD was issued by them under the name oi'' The Rutland Herald 
or Vermont Mercury T In the first number the proprietors say, "As we have 
purchased of Mr. Lyon, editor of the Farmers Library, the Printing Office, 
Apparatus, and Privileges annexed by Law to his paper, it will for the future 
be carried on by the subscribers, with the above title, under the direction of 
Dr. Williams. * * * * The price of the Herald will be nine shillings 
per annum, to those to whom we send the paper ourselves ; seven shillings and 
sixpence to those who call at the office and take them." On Monday, June 


29, 179s, the title was changed to ^'■The Rutland Herald^ a Register of the 
Times'' During the different changes of proprietors it has met with several 
slight variations in its title, but was always known as the Herald. 

The paper was continued by the two Wilhams until the first part of the pres- 
ent century, when it was taken by WiUiam Fay. In 1817, the firm was Fay 
«& Davison, and later in the same year changed to Fay, Davison & Burt, 
Davison afterwards becoming president of the Saratoga & Whitehall Railroad. 
In 1 8 19 it was again changed to Fay & Burt. Burt remained in the firm 
one year, when the business was again carried on by Fay alone, until the lat- 
ter part of 1827. From this time forward the business changed hands quite 
often, the changes occurring as follows: From the time Fay left it until 1830, 
by E. C. Purdy ; 1831-32, E. Maxham; 1833, Maxham & Tuttle, and G. A. 
Tuttle alone, from March 5th to April 12th; 1834-38, William Fay; (Fay 
died in 1839.) 1839-42, White, Everson & Co., and H. F. White & Co.; 
1843, White & Gurnsey, (Gurnsey inventing the well known printing press, 
bearing this name;) 1844, H. T. White, and from April of that year until 
1851, Geo. H. Beaman; 1851, George H. Beaman and G. A. Tuttle; 1852- 
'54, George H. Beaman; 1855, and part of '56, C. H. Hayden, publisher, 
and printed by G. A. Tuttle & Co., the latter then taking the business, which 
they retained until 1862. September i, 1862, Tuttle & Gay; 1866, Tuttle, 
Gay & Co., and later in the same year, Tuttle & Co.; February 10, 1872, A. 
H. Tuttle; July 1, 1873, Tuttle & Redington ; February 16, 1874, A. H. 
Tuttle. In 1875, S. B. Pettingill and W. P. Winslow joined Tuttle, under 
the firm-name of the " Herald Association." Winslow died, and the paper 
was conducted by the remaining partners, until September i, 1877, when the 
Globe was consolidated with the Herald, and a new corporation, " The 
Herald and Globe Association" was formed by the stockholders of both papers, 
who now issue THE RUTLAND HERALD AND GLOBE, with x\Ir. A. H. 
Tuttle as manager and principal proprietor. 

The first daily was issued April 29, 186 1. It grew out of the exigencies 
of the late war, being first started as an experiment, but has since become 
one of the fixed institutions of Rutland. The HERALD, one of the oldest 
papers in the U. S., under the present efiicient management, continues, as it 
has in the past, to exert a wonderful influence over the minds of the people of 
Vermont ; and to its credit, it may be said, its influence is ahuays for the good. 

In January, 1795, the first number of The Rural Magazine or Ver/nont 
Repository was issued, with Rev. Samuel Williams, editor. The last number 
was issued in -December, 1796. 

In 1802, the Vermont Mercury was started by Stephen Hodgman. This 
was an independent weekly, and continued but a short time. 

On July 25, 1808, the first number of the Fermotit Courier was issued by 
Thomas M. Pomeroy, and was continued until May, 1810. 

On August 29, 1848, The Rutland Republican was commenced by Simeon 
Locke, and had for its motto the following: — "Free Soil, Free Speech, Free 
Labor and Free Men." It was continued but a short time. 


In September, 1849, 21ie Vermont Union Whig was issued, a home 
newspaper devoted to politics and literature, published at Rutland and Bran- 
don every Wednesday; William C. Conant, editor at Rutland, and Samuel 
M. Conant, at Brandon. The first steam printing press ever used in Rutland 
County was used for the first time in printing the first number of this paper 
at Rutland. It was issued but a few months and died. The first number of 
it issued in Brandon, was in 1847. 

In January, 1855, The Guard of American Liberty was started, edited 
and pubhshed by H. F. Potter. It was devoted to " Know-Nothingism." 
Only a few numbers were ever issued. 

On August 12, 1857, The Rutland Courier was commenced, and published 
every Friday morning for several years, by Cain & McLean, with John Cain, 
editor. It was purchased by the Globe Paper Co., in April, 1872, and dis- 
continued as an individual paper. 

In July, 1858, What's the News, a monthly paper, was commenced by 
WilUam A. Bacon. Only continued a short time. 

July 21, 1866, The Rutland County Independent ysz.'i commenced by James 
K. McLean and Thos. C. Robbins. An introductory number was issued 
July 4, 1866, but the first regular number not until July 21st. The name 
was soon after changed to the Rutland Independent. Mr. Robbins with- 
drew from the firm, and in April, 1872, Mr. McLean sold out to the Globe 
Paper Co., when the enterprise was discontinued as an independent paper. 

In January of 1870, the first number of the Rutland Times was issued, a 

boy's paper, issued weekly, edited and published by McLean & Aiken, the 

former a son of James K. The paper was suspended in November of 1871. 

The Marble City Mirror, a weekly, was published during a few months of 

1870, by James H. Lansley. 

The Vermont Mason, a monthly, was commenced by Henry Clark in May 
of 1 87 1, and continued by him until May of 1873, when it was discontinued. 
The Biblical Messenger, a monthly, was started by A. A. Hoyt in 1872, 
and discontinued after a few issues. 

The Rutland Globe, (daily and weekly,) was commenced May i, 1873, by 
the Globe Paper Co., who had previously purchased the Rutland Courier 
zxid Rutland Independent, zn^ cox\\.m\\e(\ by them until September i, 1877, 
when it was consolidated with the Herald, and has since been issued as the 
HERALD AND GLOBE, by the Herald and Globe Asssociation. 

The Leader, i^sntdi weekly, was commenced January i, 1877, by Henry 
Clark, who continued it until September i, 1879, when he sold it to James 
L. McArthur, and was changed by him to the Rutland Times, (which see.) 

The Inquirer was started by V. C. Meyerhoffer in January of 1878. In 
October of the following year it was purchased by H. W. Love, who con- 
solidated it with the Revie^v. 

The Sunday Revie7v was started by H. W. Love, on the 2nd of April, 
1878, as a branch of the Sunday Review of Burlington. Under this name 


it was continued about one year and then changed to the Saturday Evening 
Revieiv^ and soon after the Inquirer was united with it, and the name again 
changed, to the Review Inquirer. August 5, 1880, the office was taken pos- 
session of under a chattel mortgage, and from that date the Review and 
Inquirer were published as separate papers ; the former by Love, as the 
RUTLAND REVIEW, (and is now published by the Review Association,) 
and the latter by L. W. Redington. 

The Inquirer was subsequently purchased by Geo. E. Richardson, who 
suspended its publication in 1881, for the purpose of starting a new paper, 
to be known as the RUTLAND STANDARD, the initial number of which is 
expected to be issued about September ist of this year. It is the intention of 
the publisher to maintain in this paper an independent position in regard to 
politics, and aim to make the interests of Rutland County its interests. Mr. 
G. E. Richardson, its publisher and editor, has had considerable experience 
in the newspaper business, having at one time been proprietor of the 
Thomaston, (Me.) Herald and Printing House, in which capacity he acquired 
a reputation for marked ability and sagacity, which cannot fail to be of great 
value to him in his present undertaking. 

On September i, 1879, The Rutland Times, a daily and weekly, was com- 
menced by James L. McArthur. It was issued about three weeks and then 

THE VERMONT BAPTIST was started in March, 1879, by Rev. Justin 
K. Richardson, and is still continued by him. It is issued on the loth of 
each month, devoted to the interests of the Vermont Baptist State Conven- 

PouLTNEY. — The Poultney Gazette was started in November, 1822, by 
Sanford Smith and John R. Shute, at East Poultney. This paper was con- 
tinued by them until January, 1825, when it was changed to The Northern 
Sj>ectator, which they continued to publish for just one year, when it became 
the property of an association, with "D. Dewey and A. Bliss, agents for the 
proprietors." They continued in this capacity several months, when they 
were succeeded by E. G. Stone. He was succeeded by several others, until 
June II, 1830, when the paper was discontinued. 

The Spectator will always remain famous, as being the office where Horace 
Greeley learned the printer's trade. 

The Fou/tney O^vl was published about six months, in 1867, by James H. 

On March 12, 1868, the first number of The Poultney Bulletin was issued 
by J. A. Morris, with John Newman, editor, and Geo. C. Newman, assistant 
editor. It was pubhshed by Morris one year, when Geo. C. Newman became 
publisher. On October 7, 1869, Hon. Barnes Frisbie became editor, and re- 
mained until June, 1870. In September, 1870, H. L. Stillson and William 
Haswell became pubHshers, Stillson again selling his share of the concern to 
Haswell, on August 8, 1871, who published it until November, 1873. Jn 



December following, R. J. Humphrey bought the Bulletin office, and issued 
the first number of the 

POULTNKY JOURNAL, December 8, 1873. The /w/m/ has been 
published since that date to the present time— four years by Mr. Humphrey, 
two and a half years by Frisbie «S: Neagles, and then by Frisbie & Ross, until 
about April 1, 1881. when Mr. Charles W. Potter purchased Mr. Frisbie's in- 
terest, and it is now published by Potter & Ross. 

The T. C. A. Casket was issued for a time by the students of the Troy 
Conference Academy, during the time Bishop Jesse T. Peck, now of Syracuse, 
N. Y., was principal of that institution. 

The Ripley Female College Quarterly, comi)Osed of contributions by stu- 
dents, was edited and published here for a time by John W. Newman, D. D., 
president of the college. 

The Golden Sheaf, a paper issued by the students of Troy Conference 
Academy, during 1876-77, was printed at the yiwr/W office. 

Wallingford. — A part of the time between the years 1855-60, there was 
a small sheet pubhshed at this village by P. H. Emerson and Amasa Bishop, 
called the Local Spy. The printing was also done here. 

In 1877 The Wallingford Standard ^^2.?, established by Addison G. Stone, 
a part of the time issued by S. Sabin, and continued until 1880, when it was 
discontinued. The printing was done a part of the time at Bennington and 
a part at Brandon. 

Danby — .The Otter Creek Valley Ne^vs vi2.% begun in September, 1878, 
printed at Bennington, Vt., by A. S. Baker & Son, and published by J. C. 
Williams, editor, issued every Friday, independent in character. Was discon- 
tinued in 1880. 

Notes on Brandon Newspapers. — (See Table opposite page.) 

The Telegraph was started by a joint stock company, to some extent under 
the supervision of the Baptist State Convention. Ephraim Maxham, now 
connected with the Waterville, Maine, Mail, was publisher for the proprie- 
tors. Murray, on becoming editor and publisher, made the paper anti-slavery, 
and finally infidel. Rev. Nathan Brown, one of the early editors of the l^ele- 
graph, went as a missionary to India; he translated the New Testament into 
the language of the Rig-Veda, Vajur-Veda, Sama-Veda and Authora-Veda, 
and afterward founded the American Baptist. 

The Voice of Freedom was published at Montpelier four years before it was 
removed to Brandon. 

The Vermont Record was removed to Brattleborp. 

D. C. Hackett, who started the OTTER CREEK NEWS, brought his 
office to Brandon from Ludlow, where he had been publishing the Black 
River Gazette, the Gazette being printed for some months in the office, 
and then suspended. 




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Fairhaven. — In 1793, Mathew Lyon has been said to have started the 
Farmers' Library in this village. This statement is, however, probably in- 
correct, as the first number of that paper is dated at Rutland, April i, 1793, 
and published by his son James. 

In 1794, Lyon commenced the Fairhaven G^^-s^/A', which was printed by 
James Lyon, and by Judah P. Spooner during a part of its existence. It 
was succeeded by the Farmers' Library or Fairhaven Telegraphy the first 
number of which was issued July 28, 1795, by J. P. Spooner and W. Hen- 
nessy. This was continued under the management of these gentlemen until 
March, 1796, when Mr. Spooner took entire charge. The name of the paper 
was again changed in November, 1797, to The Farmers Library, or Ver- 
motit and New York Lutelligencer, and was continued until 1798. 

[In 1796, '97 and '98, The ]^ermont Almanac and Register, ^\v'vc\g\\-\& dates 
of the grants, and the ratable property of each town in the State, was pub- 
lished by Mr. Spooner.] 

On October i, 1798, The Scourge of Aristocracy and Repository 0/ Lm- 
portant Political Truths, was commenced by James Lyon, and continued 
one year, as a semi-monthly. It contained several articles from the pen of 
Mathew Lyon, who was at that time imprisoned in Vergennes under the 
" Alien and Sedition Act." 

In 1854 and '55, a small monthly paper called The Banner was issued by 
DeWitt Leonard. 

In January, 1861, one number of a small sheet called the Golden Sheaf 
was issued. 

In September, 1863, the first number of the Fairhaven Advertiser was 
issued as an advertising medium ; other numbers were issued from time to 
time, until 1866, when the office was purchased by William Q. Brown and it 
was made into a regular monthly pubHcation, and the name changed to The 
Rutland County Advertiser, and continued until April, 1868. 

On September 5, 1868, the first number of The People' s Journal ^^djs, issued 
by Jones & Grose, with Rev. P. FrankUn Jones as editor. This paper was 
continued until July, 1869, when it was purchased by DeWitt Leonard and 
E. H. Phelps and the name changed to The Fairhaven Journal, with E. H. 
Phelps, editor. It was finally discontinued in 1877. 

On January i, 1879, The Vermont Era was commenced by the Inman 
Brothers, who after three weeks sold out to Joseph E. Colton, and the name 
was changed to 

THE FAIRHAVEN ERA, and continued by him till September 15, 1879, 
when it was again sold, to Frank W. Redfield who still publishes it. 

Castleton. — The Vermont States >nan was commenced in 1824 by Ovid 
Miner. Whig in politics. Mr. Miner was connected with it but a few years, 
when he left Castleton. Under the management of different editors, retain- 
ing essentially the same political cliaracter, the States?nan conimuedi till 1855. 


In 1832, The Green Mountain Eagle was established under the excite- 
ment of " Anti-Masonry." Judge Howe was the prime mover and principal 
proprietor of the enterprise. Its existence terminated with the Anti-Masonic 


Though no direct or positive knowledge exists that the county was ever the 
permanent home of any particular tribes of Indians, yet it is fair to presume 
that some time in the remote past it was. It was long a disputed territory 
among the various tribes of New England, New York and Canada, and used 
as a hunting and camping ground during seasons of the year by all. It is cer- 
tain that a large portion of the territory now included within the Hmits of the 
county, was owned, or claimed by the Mohawk Indians of New York, and by 
them deeded, or given to John Henry Lydias of that Province, the present 
township of Rutland, having at one time been granted by him, under the name 
of Fairfield, on the strength of their deed, although his grant was pronounced 
illegal. More will be said on this subject in connection with the history of 
the various towns. 


Just at what time the first settlement of the county was made, we cannot 
state. About a century and a half ago, between Massachusetts and Canada 
there was a brisk trade kept up, Massachusetts being able to sell goods at 
Fort Dummer, cheaper than the French could sell them in Canada. Goods 
were transported by the traders, across what is now the State of Vermont, to 
Crown Point, and thence down the lake, into Canada, the Une of travel being 
directly across the territory now included within the hmits of Rutland County. 
Also, in King WiUiam's wars, soldiers passed from Massachusetts to the lake. 
From the journal of one Coss, a trader, who made the journey from Massa- 
chusetts to Crown Point in the Spring of 1730, we learn that he was greatly 
impressed with the richness of the soil along Otter Creek. It is fair to pre- 
sume that this fact may have also been observed by others, and induced them 
to emigrate thither. 

The trade between Massachusetts and Canada was finally swept away by 
the breaking out of the French war in 1755, and which extended its opera- 
tions from Canada to the adjoining colonies of New England, New York and 
Pennsylvania, causing tracts of land to be traversed that had heretofore been 
a dense, unexplored wilderness, the war being finally terminated by the 
great battle fought on the plains of Abraham, near Quebec, September 13th, 
1759, i"^ which the British arms were victorious, and the whole Province of 
Canada surrendered to Great Britain. This event at once awakened atten- 
tion to the territory of Vermont, to which the adjoining province had been 
transformed from a hostile to a friendly neighbor. 


Many of the soldiers, doubtless, who had crossed Vermont on their way to 
the war, and had become impressed with its beauty and richness, at once set- 
tled within its limits. Most certain it is, at least, appHcations for towns were 
now made in rapid succession to Benning Wentworth, the colonial governor 
of New Hampshire, who was disposed to grant them on the most liberal 
terms, so that the principal towns now included within the counties of 
Bennington, Rutland and Addison, were chartered in 1761. In most of these 
towns there was an interval, however, of several years between the time the 
patents were granted and the commencement of settlement. In ten towns of 
Rutland County whose charters were granted between the 26th of August 
and the 20th of October, 1761, settlements were commenced at the following 
periods: Pawlet, 1761 ; Danby, 1765; Clarendon, 1768; Rutland, Castleton 
and Pittsford, 1769; Tinmouth, 1770; Poultney and Wells, 1771, and Bran- 
don in 1772. These settlements, and those of the other towns of the county, 
will be spoken of in connection with their respective histories. 


Under this head, it is our purpose to speak briefly of the trials that nerved 
the "brave men of the mountains" to declare and maintain their independ- 
ence, and to emerge as a free and independent State. The aristocratic 
government of New York had little ken of the stern, democratic spirit, 
possessed by their Green Mountain neighbors, or they never would have at- 
tempted to wrest from them their humble homesteads. 

Immigration was rapid and prosperity seemed to smile upon the inhabit- 
ants, until the dark day of April 10, 1765, when a proclamation was 
issued by Lieut. Gov. Colden, of New York, giving a copy of an order 
of the King in Council of the 20th of July, preceding, declaring the boundary 
hne between New Hampshire and New York to be the Connecticut River, 
and notifying his Majesty's subjects to govern themselves accordingly. 

That a twenty mile Hne from the Hudson, extending northerly to Lake 
Champlain, was the eastern boundary of New York, is proven by the charter 
title of the Duke of York upon his accession to the throne in 1685, making 
New York a royal province. The disputed territory had been repeatedly 
and uniformly recognized by the King's government as belonging to the 
Province of New Hampshire, and never to that of New York. 

The King, in 1741, commissioned Benning Wentworth, Governor of New 
Hampshire, describing his province as reaching westward " until it met his 
ether gcrcernments" thus bounding it westerly by New York. Gov. Went- 
worth, with authority from the King to grant his lands, issued charters of 
over one hundred townships, each of six miles square, within such territory. 
Among these charters, nearly all the land in the present Rutland County 
had been granted in sixteen different townships, viz : Brandon, (by the 
name of Neshobe,) Castleton, (by the name of Harwich,) Pawlet, Pittsford, 


Poultney, Rutland, Sherburne, Shrewsbury, Sudbury, Tinmouth, WaHingford 
and Wells. 

The reasons for this change of jurisdiction were those of State policy, a 
preference of the Crown for the aristocratic institutions of New York, to the 
more democratic institutions of New England, and a desire to extend the 
area of the former by curtailing the latter. 

Upon the receipt of the King's order annexing the territory west of Con- 
necticut River to New York, Lieutenant Governor Colden proceded at once 
to grant the lands to others than the New Hampshire claimants, and when 
the latter applied to the New York Governors for a confirmation of those 
not thus granted, such enormous patent fees were demanded as to make it 
impossible for them to comply. It was well known in New York that these 
lands had long been granted by New Hampshire, and were actually occupied 
under such grants, and the new patents were procured in utter disregard of the 
rights and claims of the settlers. So all attempts to survey the new patents, 
or to eject the present holders, were met with sturdy resistance on the part 
of the settlers, and thus it came about that those who opposed the authority 
of New York were stigmatized as "rioters," "conspirators," and "wanton 
disturbers of the public peace," while the " Yorkers " were in turn called 
" land jobbers," "land pirates," etc. 

The dangers of the settlers from the patents already issued, as well as from 
new grants, were imminent, and they resolved to apply directly to the 
Crown for relief. Accordingly Samuel Robinson, of Bennington, as agent 
for the several towns west of the Green Mountains, armed with petitions of 
the people, setting forth their grievances, was sent to London to present them 
to the King. This he did early in the year 1767, and was so successful as 
to obtain an order from the King in Council, of July 24, 1767, forbidding the 
granting of more land by New York, in the disputed territory, " //;//// his 
Majesty s further pleasure." But while Mr. Robinson was yet asking for 
relief from the grants which had already been made, his mission was un- 
fortunately terminated by his sudden death from small pox. 

That this order of the King's was merely a matter of form, is proven by 
the fact that the New York Governors, notwithstanding " his Majesty's 
pleasure," continued to' grant the lands within the disputed territory, making 
such grants up to the period of the Revolution, having granted more than a 
million acres in direct and palpable violation of such order. 

The inhabitants of the several townships, as fast as they had become 
sufficiently numerous, had organized themselves into municipal communities 
in conformity to their charters, and had adopted rules and regulations for 
their local government. The maintenance of the possession and title to 
their lands against the New York claimants, soon became an absorbing in. 
terest, and town committees were appointed, whose special duty it was to 
attend to their defense and security. Few records of the proceedings of these 
conventions remain, though sufficient accounts of them have been preserved 


to show that they exercised a general supervision over the affairs of the 
settlers, and that their decrees in regard to their land title controversy, were 
received and obeyed as laws. These several committees, towards the latter 
part of the year 177 1, instituted a military organization, with Ethan Allen, of 
Bennington County, as Colonel. The duties of these men were to watch 
and detect in their several neighborhoods, any hostile movements of their 
adversaries, and to hold themselves in readiness to repair to any part of the 
territory to which the general convention or its executive committee should 
require them to go for the proper defence of the persons or lands of the 

These organizations eventually assumed the name of Green Mountain 
Boys, in derision and defiance, it is said, of a threat of Gov. Tryon, to drive 
the settlers from their possessions into the Green Mountains. This name, 
by the bravery and military exploits of those who bore it during the revolu- 
tionary period, became an honorable appellation, and is often used to desig- 
nate all the troops of the State, and sometimes the whole people. 

In carrying into execution the resolves of the General Convention, col- 
lisions with the New York officers and claimants were not unfrequent, and 
they occurred occasionally through a series of years. The following extracts 
from a letter of a New York official, in 1771, will show something of the 
spirit of the times. It is taken from Hall's "Early History of Vermont" : — 

"xA.LBANY, September 10, 1771. 

"Sir: — Your favor of the 1 6th of August, and the ^60. 2s. gd. of Mr. 
Robert Yates, I received on my return here, after being the second time 
stopped in Socialborough, by James Mead and Asa Johnson in behalf of the 
settlers in Rutland and Pittsford. I have run out lots from the south bounds 
to within about two miles of the Great Falls. I found it in vain to persist 
any longer, as they were resolved at all events to stop us. There have been 
many threats pronounced against me. Gideon Conley, who lives by the 
Great Falls, [Sutherland Falls] was to shoot me, ***** ^nd 
yonr acquaintance Nathan Allen, was in the woods with another party blacked 
and dressed Uke Indians, as I was informed. Several of my men can prove 
Townsend and Train threatened my life, that I should never return home, 

" The people of Durham [now Clarendon] assured me, these men intended 
to murder us if we did not go from thence, and advised me by all means to 
desist surveying. ****** i found I would not be allowed to go 
northward, as they suspected I would begin again, and therefore intended to 
convey us to Danby and so on to the southv/ard, and by all accounts we 
should not have been very kindly treated. I was advised by no means to go 
that road. ****** Qn my assuring them I would survey no 
more in those parts, we were permitted to proceed along the Crown Point 
road, with the hearty prayers of the women, as we passed, never to re- 
turn. ***** 

" I have not been able to fix Kier's location and Danby people have been 
continually on the watch always. ***** Since I have been here, 
several have visited me, asking questions, no doubt to be able to know us, 
should we venture within their territories, and at the same time warning us of 
the danger, should we be found there. 


" Marsh's survey is likewise undone, as I did not care to venture myself that 
way. I shall be able to inform you more particularly at our meeting, and am 
" Sir, your most obedient servant, Will Cockburn. 

"James Duane, New York." 

Thus the people struggled on until the breaking out of the Revolution 
against the mother country, when the minor trouble of the land controversy 
was swallowed up in the greater. 

When this became cleared, it found Vermont an independent common- 
wealth ; an independent State that had struggled into existence through a 
double revolution. The land controversy was finally given up by the young 
State's haughty neighbor, upon the payment of $30,000, and they have since 
lived together on the most amicable terms. 


The active part the people of the "grants" took in this war, and the hearty 
zeal with which they entered into the contest for American liberty, was owing 
not only to their love of liberty, but more to their general hostiUty and deep 
distrust of a monarch who permitted his greedy servants, in his name, to grant 
his lands twice over, and persecute his first grantees as felons and outlaws. 

At the opening of this war, although the people were nominally under the 
jurisdiction of New York, they never recognized her authority, and were sub- 
stantially independent, obeying only the decrees of committees and conven- 
tions, and of their own town meetings. 

The approaching struggle with the mother country had for some time been 
foreseen, and the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, on the 15th of Eeb- 
ruary, 1775, to guard against an apprehended attempt of the emissaries of the 
British ministry to engage the Canadians and Indians in hostilities against 
the colonies, directed the committee of the town of Boston to open a cor- 
respondence with the Province of Canada in such manner as they should 
think proper. That committee appointed John Brown, Esq., a young lawyer 
of Pittsfield, to repair to Canada, to obtain information of the state of the 
Province and to endeavor to counteract any unfriendly efforts of their enemies. 
Mr. Brown had a consultation with the " grand committee " at Bennington, 
who furnished him with a guide for the undertaking, one Peleg Sunderland. 

In a letter written by Mr. Brown to Samuel Adams and Joseph Warren of 
the Boston Committee, dated March 29, 1775, he speaks of the fortress of 
Ticonderoga as follows : " One thing I must mention to be kept a profound 
secret. The fort at Ticonderoga must be seized as soon as possible should 
hostilities be committed by the King's troops. The people of the New 
Hampshire Grants have engaged to do the business, and in my opinion are 
the most proper persons for this job. This will effectually curb this province 
[Canada] and all the troops that may be sent here." When, therefore, a few 
days after the battle of Lexington, messengers arrived at Bennington from 
Connecticut, accompanied by Brown, for the purpose of collecting a force to 



attack that fortress, they found the people of the "grants" with their minds 
already prepared for the undertaking, and under the leadership of Col. P^than 
Allen, already on their way toward the lake. 

The details of the early surprise by Allen, who with drawn sword made the 
demand to surrender the fort, " In the name of the Great Jehovah and of the 
Continental Congress," and how, overawed, Delaplace gave up the garrison 
without a struggle, on the loth of May, 1775, and the subsequent importance 
of this bloodless conquest of the Green Mountain Boys to the revolutionary 
cause, are matters of general history, and not necessary to relate here. 

On Wednesday, the 24th of July, 1776, the first meeting of the committee 
was held, which eventually declared Vermont, or New Hamy:)shire Grants, a 
free State. It was held at the house of Cephas Kent, in Dorset. Bennington 
County, with Capt. Joseph Bowker of Rutland, as chairman. 

On the 2d day of July, 1777, this committee met for the declared purpose 
of forming a constitution of government, but other objects were found to re- 
quire its serious attention. Col. Warner wrote from Rutland, on the 2d of 
July, " To the honorable, the convention now sitting at Windsor, in the State 
of Vermont," that an army of ten thousand veterans, one-half of them Ger- 
man hirehngs, equipped and furnished with every warlike material that wealth 
and skill could supply, had been collected in the province of Canada and 
attended by a formidable body of savages and a corps of tories, was approach- 
ing the post of Ticonderoga. Gen. St. Clair, who commanded at Ticonde- 
roga, had sent Col. Warner to gather reenforcements from the mihtia, and he 
had just received an express that an attack was expected every hour. The 
letter requested the convention "' to send on all the men that could possibly 
be raised," saying that the safety of the post depended on the exertions of the 

By the 5th of July, Col. Warner had reached Ticonderoga with nine hun- 
dred militia, but the fort, even after this re-enforcement, was altogether un- 
tenable against the strong and well appointed army of Burgoyne. On the 
evening of that day a council of war unanimously decided that it should be 
abandoned before daylight the next morning, which was accordingly done. 

All the cannon and most of the provisions and military stores fell into the 
hands of the enemy, and the army retreated rapidly toward Castleton. On 
this retreat occurred the first and only battle fought in Vermont during the 


About two o'clock in the morning of the 6th of July, Gen. St. Clair, with 
the garrison, left Ticonderoga and proceeded toward Hubbardton and Castle- 
ton. The affairs were conducted with secrecy and silence, and unobserved 
by the enemy, till a French officer, imprudently and contrary to orders, set fire 
to his house. The flames immediately revealed to the enemy the rhovements 
and designs of the Americans, and at the same time impressed the Americans 


with such an idea of discovery and danger, as to throw them into the utmost 
disorder and confusion. 

About four o'clock the rear guard of the American army left Mount Inde- 
pendence, and were brought off by Col. Francis in good order ; and the regi- 
ments which had preceded him were soon recovered from their confusion. 
When the troops had arrived at Hubbardton, they were halted for nearly two 
hours. Here the rear guard was put under the command of Col. Seth War- 
ner, with orders to follow the army as soon as those who had been left behind 
came up, and to halt about a mile and a half in the rear of the main body. 
St. Clair then proceeded to Castleton, about six miles further, leaving War- 
ner, with the rear guard and stragglers, at Hubbardton. 

The retreat of the Americans from Ticonderoga was no sooner perceived 
by the British than an eager pursuit was begun under Gen. Fraser and Gen. 
Reidesel. Fraser continued the pursuit during the day, and having learned 
that the rear of the American army was not far off, ordered his men to lie that 
night upon their arms. Early on the morning of the 7th, he renewed the 
pursuit, and about 7 o'clock, commenced an attack upon the Americans un- 
der Warner. 

Warner's force consisted of his own regiment and the regiments of Cols. 
Francis and Hale. Hale, fearful of the result, retired with his regiment, 
leaving Warner and Francis, with only seven or eight hundred men, to dispute 
the progress of the enemy. 

The belligerents drew up their forces in line of battle, but did not come to 
a general engagement, (as each awaited the arrival of reenforcements,) until 
Warner made a fierce onslaught, throwing the enemy into deep confusion, 
who, rallying again, advanced upon the Americans, but were brought to a 
stand. The action had now become general, and Francis was killed at the 
head of his regiment, which was then driven to the woods at the point of the 
bayonet. At this critical juncture Reidesel's reenforcements arrived. The 
Americans, supposing the whole German force was at hand, were seized with 
a panic, and gave way ; when Warner's regiment, which had fought with in- 
vincible courage, began to break. The sturdy and intrepid Colonel, throw- 
ing himself down on a log, poured forth a torrent of curses and execrations 
on the flying troops ; but when perceiving the day was lost, he sprang to his 
feet, and in the coolest possible manner, ordered the troops to assemble at 
Manchester, which those who heard him obeyed to the number of about 200; 
the others joining the remains of Francis' regiment, repaired to the main 
army at Fort Edward. 

The English loss in this battle, as stated by their official returns, in killed 
and wounded was 183, including among the former 20 officers. The Ameri- 
can loss is estimated at about 324 killed, wounded and prisoners. 

This battle was undoubtedly lost by the indiscretion of St. Clair, who hav- 
ing left his rear guard at such a distance from his advance, that support was 
impossible. It was also very disastrous, not only on account of the loss of 


men, but in their retreat from Ticonderoga they left in the hands of the Eng- 
lish their cannon, amounting to 128 pieces, their shipping and batteaux, and 
their provisions, stores and magazines. By this event Burgoyne obtained no 
less than 1,748 barrels of flour, and more than 70 tons of salt provisions; and, 
in addition to these, a large drove of cattle, which had arrived in the Ameri- 
can camp a few days previous to their retreat. 

For 82 years the spot where this battle was fought, — and fought bravely 
though suffering defeat, — had lain unmarked, neglected and almost forgotten, 
until, on the 7th of July, 1859, an appropriate monument of marble was 
erected near the spot where Francis was killed. It is a plain marble shaft, 
bearing, on one side, the following inscription : — 

" By the citizens of Hubbardton and vicinity, To the memory of those men 
who here laid down their Uves in the defence of their country's rights and lib- 

The battle-field is situated in one of those beautiful and picturesque spots 
so often met with among the hills and valleys of Vermont, and it is difficult 
for one to gaze on the pure, white shaft, and realize that it marks the scene of 
a bloody conflict, or that it was from this spot that the brave spirit of Francis 
winged its flight to that happier land where it shall engage in war no more. 

WAR OF 1812. 

In 1 81 2, after thirty years of peace and prosperity, the people were again 
called upon to confront England. The part Rutland County took in the pro- 
ceedings did her citizens no discredit. Some of the old heroes are still resid- 
ing within its limits. The preparation for the battle of Plattsburg, N. Y., etc., 
and, indeed, all the events of the war, are matters of general history and too 
well known to require mention here. From the close of this war, in 1815, a 
period of about thirty years' peace was again enjoyed by the people, when 
the war with Mexico aroused them from their quiet avocations. 


The necessity of this war was not generally concurred in by the citizens, ' 
and consequently did not arouse any great degree of sympathy or enthusiasm. 

Soon after the first battle was fought, — Palo Alto, on May 8, 1846, in which 
the Americans were so victorious, — the martial spirit of the Green Mountain 
boys was revived, and the recruiting of a regiment was commenced in the 
State. Of the recruits from Rutland County we have only a straggling record. 
Most certain it is, however, that the town of Danby contributed sixteen of 
her noble sons, most of whom sustained well the reputation of their town and 
county. Of the following list, none, we beheve, are now residents of the 
town : — Damon Ballard, Elisha Bradley, Hiram Harrington, Samuel Hall, 
Daniel Hilliard, Chauncey Maxham, Jamon Preston, Caleb Roberts, Oliver 
Sheldon, C. Smith, Wesson Soule, Henry Tufts, Stephen Woods, Willard 


Woods, L. Smith, and Hiram Wait. Pawlet, too, contributed two of her sons, 
James Preston and Return Strong, and Rutland one, at least, in the person of 
Lieut. Hopkins, who, on the 29th of April, 1847, ^^.s publicly presented with 
a sword, by his friends, previous to his departure. Soon after the battle of 
Mexico, preliminaries of peace were signed at Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1848, annexing a large amount of rich territory to the Union, which 
is now developed into popular states and prosperous cities, which Rutland 
County can look upon and say, — " I did my share in acquiring this ! " 


Peace again brooded over the land for a period of about thirteen years 
smiling upon a prosperous, happy people ; but was rudely frightened away on 
the morning of April 12th, 1861, when the report of the shot upon Sumter 
was sent reverberating through the land, echoing from summit to summit of 
the Green Mountains, and rolUng through their verdant valleys, awaking her 
sons from their dreams of peace, filling their souls with but one thought, — • 
the flag that had been bought with the blood of their fathers had been outraged 
— and impelling them, as with one impulse, to rush to its rescue. 

Side by side with her sister states, Vermont endured the weary marches 
and bore the brunt of battles, and side by side their sons sleep the "long 
sleep," some 'neath the burning sands of the willful South, others sepulchered 
in the coral caves of the sobbing sea, a tomb to which the grandest, most 
imposing sepulchre that man can build were but a sorry hut. Others have 
been borne to the grave amid their kindred by sympathizing friends, who, 
year by year in solemn procession, to mufiled drum-beat, wend their way to 
the consecrated places to deck the graves with beautiful spring flowers, — a 
national tribute to the memory of the gallant dead, 5,128 of whom Vermont 
sacrificed as her share towards preserving our nation's unity, freed from the 
curse of slavery, so long a foul blot upon her fair fame. And though 
thousands of parents, wives, brothers and sisters still mourn the loss of 
those they loved, they still have to comfort them, a prominent share in the 
glory of their native State, even though purchased at so fearful a- price. Ver- 
mont promptly filled every quota, and every dollar needed was furnished with 
alacrity. Of her treasure $9,087,352.40 were expended in furnishing the 
34,238 loyal sons and representatives who went out to fight the battles of 
their country, 5,022 of whom were discharged from the service with shattered 
constitutions, or maimed in body, to renew the peaceful avocations of life as 
circumstances would permit, and it is but lately that these stricken defenders 
have, by increase of bounties and pensions, received proper acknowledgement 
by a grateful nation, for their heroic deeds and sacrifices. 

The following complete Roster of men who went from Rutland County as 
commissioned officers, and of those, who enlisting in the ranks were subse- 
quently promoted to a commission, is compiled from the Adjutant and In- 
spector-General's report of 1866, and from other sources. P'or convenience 


sake the names are arranged in alphabetical order, the dates referring to com- 
missions, the date of muster being omitted: — 

Terms of Enlistments. 

First Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service May 2, 1861, and mustered 
out August 15, 1 86 1. 

Second Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service June 20, 1861. Origi- 
nal members, not veterans, mustered out June 29, 1864. Recruits for one 
year and recruits whose term of service would expire previous to October i, 
1865, mustered out June 19, 1865. Remaining officers and men mustered 
out of service July 15, 1865. 

Third Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service July 16, 1861. Original 
members, not veterans, mustered out July 27, 1864. Veterans and recruits 
consolidated into six companies, July 25, 1864. Recruits for one year and 
recruits whose term of service would expire previous to October i, 1865, 
mustered out June 19, 1865. Remainder of Regiment mustered out July 
II, 1865. 

Fourth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service September 21, 1861. 
Original members, not veterans, mustered out September 30, 1864. First, 
Second and Third Companies of Sharp Shooters transferred to Fourth 
Regiment February 25, 1865. Veterans, recruits and men transferred from 
Sharp Shooters, consoHdated into eight companies, February 25, 1865, Re- 
cruits for one year and recruits whose time of service would expire previous 
to October i, 1865, mustered out June 19, 1865. Remainder of Regiment 
mustered out July 13, 1865. 

Fifth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service September 16, 1861. 
Original members, not veterans, mustered out September 15, 1864. Re- 
cruits for one year, and recruits whose term of service would expire previous 
to October i, 1865, mustered out June 19, 1865. Remainder of Regiment 
mustered out June 29, 1865. 

Sixth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service October 15, 1861. 
Original members, not veterans, mustered out of service October 28, 1864. 
Veterans and recruits consolidated into six companies, October 16, 1864. 
Recruits for one year, and recruits whose term of service would expire pre- 
vious to October i, 1865, mustered out June 19, 1865. Remainder of 
Regiment mustered out June 26, 1865. 

Seventh Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service February 12, 1862. 
Original members, not veterans, mustered out August 30, 1864. Regiment 
mustered out March 14, 1866. 

Eighth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service February 18, 1862. 
Original members, not veterans, mustered out June 22, 1864. Recruits for 
one year, and recruits whose term of service would expire previous to Oc- 
tober I, 1865, mustered out June 21, 1865. Remainder of Regiment 
mustered out of service June 28, 1865. 

Ninth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service July 9, 1862. Original 
members and recruits whose term of service would expire previous to Octo- 
ber I, 1865, mustered out June 13, 1865. Remaining officers and men 
consoUdated into battalion of four companies. Battalion mustered out 
December i, 1865. 


Tenth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service September i, 1862. 
Original members and recruits whose term of service would expire previous 
to October i, 1865, mustered out June 22, 1865. Remainder of Regiment 
mustered out June 29, 1865. 

Eleventh Regiment, Infantry, — First Regiment Heavy Artillery, from 
December 10, 1863, mustered into service September i, 1862. Original 
members, recruits for one year, and recruits whose term of service would 
expire previous to October r, 1865, mustered out of service June 24, 1865. 
Remaining officers and men consolidated into battalion of four companies, 
June 24, 1865. Battalion mustered out August 25, 1865. 

Twelfth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service October 4, 1862. 
Mustered out July 14, 1863. 

Thirteenth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service October 10, 1862. 
Mustered out July 21, 1863. 

Fourteenth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service October 21, 1862. 

Mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Fifteenth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service October 22, 1862. 
Mustered out August 5, 1863. 

Sixteenth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service October 23, 1862. 
Mustered out August 10, 1863. 

Seventeenth Regiment, Infantry, mustered into service by companies in 

1864. Mustered out July 14, 1865. 

First Regiment U. S. Sharpshooters, Company F. (First Vermont 
Company) mustered into service September 13, 1861. Original members, 
not veterans, mustered out September 13, 1864. Regiment disbanded and 
veterans and recruits transferred to Second Regiment U. S. Sharpshooters, 
December 23, 1864. 

Second Regiment U. S. Sharpshooters, Company E. (Second Vermont 
Company) mustered into service November 9, 1861. Original members, 
not veterans, mustered out of service November 9, 1864. Regiment dis- 
banded, and veterans and recruits transferred to Co. G. 4th Vt.Vols., Feb. 25, 

1865. Co. H. (Third Vermont Company,) mustered into service December 
31, 1861. Original members, not veterans, mustered out of service De- 
cember 31, 1864. Regiment disbanded, and veterans and recruits transferred 
to Company H. 4th Vt. Vols., February 25, 1865. 

First Battery Light Artillery, mustered into service February i8th, 
1862. Original members mustered out of service August 10, 1864. Recruits 
transferred to Second Vermont Battery Light Artillery, August 10, 1864. 

First Regiment Cavalry, mustered into service November 19, 1S61. 
Original members, not veterans, mustered out of service November 18, 1864. 
Recruits for one year, and recruits whose term of service would expire previ- 
ous to October i, 1865, mustered out June 21, 1865. Remaining officers and 
men consolidated into battalion of six companies. BattaHon mustered out 
August 9, 1865. 

Frontier Cavalry, mustered into service January 10, 1865. Mustered 
out June 27, 1865. 


Roster of Field, Staff and Company Officers. 

Charles A. Adams, of Wallingford, age 23, 2d Lieut. Co. H, ist Cavalry, 
Oct. 19, '61 ; ist Lieut., Oct. 30, '62 ; Captain, April 1, '63; Major, Nov. 
18, '64; wounded, July 3, '63 and Oct. 11, '63 ; prisoner of war from 
Oct. II, '63 to March 5, '65; mustered out of service June 21, '65. 

Henry H. Adams, of WaUingford, age 20, private Co. C, loth Regt., July 16, 
'62; Corporal, Sept. i, '62; Sergt., Aug. 6, '63; Regt. Qr. M. Sergt, 
July I, '64; mustered out of service June 22, '65. 

Charles T. AUchinn, of Pittsford, age 2>Z^ First Lieut, Co. G, 5th Regt., Sept. 
4, '61 ; resigned Nov. 22, '61. 

George C. Babcock, of Poultney, age 19, private Co. F, 6th Regt., Sept 26, 
'61; Sergt., Oct. 15, '61; wounded April 16, '62; ist Sergt., Dec. 28, 
'63 ; re-enhsted Jan. 31, '64 ; ist Lieut., April 14, '64; killed in action at 
Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64. 

Charles C. Backus, of Brandon, age 24, priv. Co. G, 6th Regt., Sept. 23, '61 ; 
Sergt., Oct. 15, '61; 2d Lieut., June 14, '62; ist Lieut., Nov. i, '62 ; 
mustered out of service Oct. 28, '64. 

Hiram Bailey, of Brandon, age 35, private Co. B, 2d Regt., May 17, '61 ; 
Corporal, June 20, '61 ; Sergt., March 7, '62; 2d Lieut., Nov. 24, '62 ; 
killed in action at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, '64. 

Edwin M. Baldwin, of Wallingford, age 24, 2d Lieut., Co. M, Frontier Cav., 
Jan. ID, '65; ist Lieut., March 24, '65; Captain, April 6, '65 ; mustered 
out of service, June 27, '65. 

Wallace E. Baldwin, of Brandon, age 19, private, Co. H, 5th Regt., Sept. 4, 
'61 ; Sergt., ; ist Sergt., ] re-enhsted Dec. 15, '63 ; wound- 
ed May 5, '64; ist. Lieut. Co. D, Nov. 19, '64; mustered out of service 
June 29, 65. 

Alfred C. Ballard, of Tinmouth, age 28, 2d Lieut., Co. B, 9th Regt., June 20, 
'62 ; ist Lieut, May i, '63; resigned June 27, '64. 

Henry Ballard, of Tinmouth, age 24, 2d Lieut., Co. I, 5th Regt., Sept. 12, 
'61 ; resigned July 30, '62. 

James Barrett, of Rutland, age 22, private, Co. G, ist Cavalry, Nov. 19, '61 ; 
Bugler; re-enhsted Dec. 30, '63; ist Sergt., Nov. 15, '64; 2d Lieut., 
May 9, '65 ; mustered out of service June 21, '65, 

Carlos A. Barrows, of WaUingford, age 27, private, Co. H, ist Cavalry, Sept. 
23, '61 ; ist Sergt., Nov. 19, 61 ; 2d Lieut., April i, '63 ; mustered out 
of service, June 21, '65. 

Adoniram J. Blakely, of Pawlet, age 28, ist Lieut., Co. B, Aug. 27, '62; mus- 
tered out of service July 30, 63. 

William H. Bond, of Danby, age 21, private, Co. A, 2d Regt, May 7, '61 ; 
Corporal, Jan. 16, '62 ; Sergt., Nov. 19, '62 ; re-enlisted Dec. 21, '63 ; ist 
Sergt., Aug. 6, '64; wounded Aug. 21, '64; Capt.,Dec. 24, '64; mustered 
out of service July 15, '65. 

Julius H. Bosworth, of Fairhaven, age 34, ist Lieut., Co. F, 14th Regt., Sept 
3, '62 ; discharged July 29, '63, for wounds received in action at Gettys- 
burg, Pa., July 3, '63. 

Charles W. Bourne, of Pawlet, age 24, private, Co. C, nth Regt, Aug. 12, 
'62 ; Hospital Steward, Dec. 22, '62 ; Ass't Surgeon, Nov. 15, '64; mus- 
tered out of service June 24, '65. 


William H. Breed, of Pittsford, age 20, private, Co. G, 5th Regt.,Aug. 21, 

'61; Corporal, ; re-enlisted Dec. 15, '63; Sergt., Feb. i,'64, 

wounded May 12, '64; ist Sergt., March 27, '65; 2d Lieut., June 4, '65 ; 
mustered out of service June 29, '65. 

Martin V. Bronson, of Rutland, age 25, 2d Lieut., Co. F, rst Regt., U. S. S. 
S., Aug. 15, '61; ist Lieut. Aug. 2, '62 ; resigned Feb. 21, '63. 

Harry Brownson, of Rutland, age 34, Qr. M., 12th Regt., Sept. 19, '62 ; mus- 
tered out of service, July 14, '63. 

Nathaniel A. Bucklin, of Sudbury, age 19, private, Co. H, 5th Regt., Sept. 4, 
'61; Corporal, Sept. 16, '61 ; re-enlisted Dec. 15, '63 ; Regt. Qr. M. 
Sergt., Nov. i, '64; 2d Lieut., Co. F, June 4, '65 ; ist Lieut., Co. 1, June 
9, '65 ; mustered out of service as Qr. M. Sergt, June 29, '65. 

Samuel Buel, of Rutland, age 24, 7th Regt. Qr. M. Sergt, Feb. 12, '62 ; 2d 
Lieut., Co. D, March i, '63 ; mustered out of service, Aug. 30, '64. 

Joseph Bush, of Brandon, age 34, Capt Co. G, ist Regt., April 25, '61; mus- 
tered out of service, Aug. 15, '61. 

Carlos W. Carr, of Brandon, age 23, private, Co. E, 4th Regt., Sept. 4, '61 ; 
Sergt., Sept 21, '61; ist Sergt.; 2nd Lieut., Co. I, July 19, '62; ist 
Lieut., Co. F, May 5, '64 ■ transferred to Co. A, by reason of consoli- 
dation of regiment, Feb. 25, '65 ; transferred to Co. C ; paroled prisoner ; 
honorably discharged May i, '65. 

Harvey S. Castle, of Castleton, age 22, private, Co. M, nth Regt., Aug. 15, 
'63; Corporal, Feb. 21, '64; Sergt., June 8, '64; transferred to Co. D, 
June 24, '65 ; 2nd Lieut, Co. A, June 26, '65; mustered out of service 
Aug. 25, '65. 

John W. Chase, of Brandon, age 36, 2nd Lieut. 2nd Battery Light Art., Dec. 
13, 61 ; ist Lieut., Nov. i, '62 ; Capt., Oct 12, '63; mustered out of 
service July 31, '65. 

Philip E. Chase, of Mount Holly, age 28, private, Co. I, 2nd Regt., May 7, 
'61 ; Sergt, June 20, '61; ist Serg., Oct 15, '61 ; 2nd Lieut., Co. A, 
Jan. 24, 62 ; ist Lieut., Co. A, May 21, '62 ; wounded May 5, '64; Capt 
Co. G, Oct. 17, '62] mustered out of service June 29, '64. 

William H. Cheney, of Brandon, age 21, private, Co. H, 5th Regt., Aug. 26, 
'61 ; Sergt., Sept. 16, '61 ; wounded, June '29, '62 ; 2nd Lieut., March 
I, '63; mustered out of service Sept. 15, '64. 

Willard A. Child, of Pittsford, age 31, Asst. Surgeon, ist Regt, April 26, 
'61 ; mustered out of service August 15, '61 ; re-entered the service as 
Asst Surgeon, 4th Regt., Aug. 15, '61 j promoted Surgeon, loth Vt 
Vols., Aug. 6, '62 ; mustered out of service June 22, '65. 

Alanda W. Clark, of Rutland, age ^8, ist Lieut., 14th Regt., Sept. 10, '62 ; 
mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Charles Clark, of Poultney, age 23, ist Lieut., Co. I, 7th Regt, Feb. i, 
'62 ; Capt. Co. I, Aug. 28, '62 ; resigned Dec. 7, 63. 

Lathrop J. Cloyes, of Brandon, age 26; 2nd Lieut., Co. G, 12th Regt., Sept. 
22, '62 ; ist Lieut., March 16, '63 ; mustered out of service July 14, '6^. 

Henry N. Colburn, of Rutland, ist Lieut., ist Battery Light A., Jan. 15, '62 ; 
drowned in Neuse River, near Camp Parapet, La., Aug. 7, '62, while 

Alonzo N. Colvin, of Danby, age 36, Capt., Co. K, 14th Regt. Sept. 18, '62 ; 
resigned, Feb. 10, '63. 



Daniel Conway, of Rutland, age 30, 2d Lieut., Co. H., 14th Regt., Sept. 10, 

'62 ; mustered out of service July 30. '63. 
Charles V. Cool, of Sudbury, age 29, private, Co. H., 5th Regt., Aug. 28, 

'61 ; Corporal, : Sergeant, -; re-enlisted Dec. 15, '63; Sergt.- 

Major, Dec. 19, '64; ist I>ieut., Co. B, Marcli i, '65 ; mustered out of 

service June 29, '65. 
George H. Cramer, of Brandon, age 22, private, Co. C, 7th Regt., Jan. 10, 

'62 ; Wagoner Feb. 12, '62 ; Com. Sergt., Dec. 10, '62; re-enlisted Feb. 

18, '64; ist Lieut., Co. V, Sept. 13, '64 ; honorably discharged May 23, 

'65, for disabiHty. 

George E. Crotif, of Rutland, age 23, 2d Lieut., Co. D, 7th Regt., Jan. 7, '62 ; 
Capt. Co. D, March i, 63; Major 7th Regt., Dec. 13, '65; mustered 
out of service March 14, '66. 

William Cronon, of Brandon, age 22, ist Lieut., Co. Cr, ist Regt., A\)x\\ 25, 
'61 ; mustered out of service August 15, '61 ; re-enlisted as Capt. Co. B, 
7th Regt., Jan. 6, '62; resigned May 30, '63. 

George D. Davenport, of Brandon, age 29, private, Co. H, 5th Regt., Sept. 
2, '61 ; ist Sergt., Sept. 16, '61 ; ist Lieut., Co. G, Nov. 22, '61 ; Capt. 
Co. B, Dec. 2, '62 ; killed in action at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64. 

Willard G. Davenport, of Brandon, age 18, private, Co. H, 5th Regt., Aug. 

22, '61; Corporal, September 16, '61 ; Sergeant, ; Sergeant-Major, 

February i, '63 ; wounded June 5, '63, and May 5th, '64; ist Lieuten- 
ant, November i, '63 ; mustered out of service September 15, '64. 

William A. Dodge, of Shrewsbury, age 18, private, Co. B, 9th Regiment, May 
29, '62; Sergeant, July 9, '62 ; 2d Lieutenant, April 7, '64; wounded 
September 29, '64, and October 27, '64; ist Lieutenant, October 19, 
'64; resigned and honorably discharged as 2d Lieutenant, June 7, '65, 
for wounds. 

James J. Doty, of Clarendon, age 21, private, Co. M, nth Regiment, July 
13? '63; Corporal, October 7, '63; Sergeant, June 17, '65; transferred 
to Co. D, June 24, '65; 2d Lieutenant, Co. A, June 26, '65 ; mustered 
out of service, August 25, '65. 

David McDevitt, of Rutland, age 31, 2nd Lieut. Co. A. 13th Regt. Sept. 
II, '62 ; mustered out of service, July 21, '63. 

John Q. Dickinson, of Benson, age 24, 2d Lieut. Co. C. 7th Regt., Jan. 15, 
'62; ist Lieut. Oct. 9, '62; Q. M. Sept. 13, '64; Captain, Aug. 22, '65; 
honorably discharged as Qr. M. Oct. 10, '65, for disabihty. 

John W. Dickinson, of Rutland, age 22, private, Co. L, nth Regiment, 
December 7, '63 ; Corporal, March 23, '64; Sergt., May 29, '64; ist 
Sergt., 2d Lieut. Co. B, June 4, '65 ; discharged as ist Sergt. Co. L, 
June 22, '65. 

Walter C. Dunton, of Rutland, age 31, Capt. Co. H, 14th Regt. Sept. 10, 

'62 ; mustered out of service, July 30, '63. 
Francis M. Pxlgerton, of Poultney, age 21, private, Co. B, 2d Regt. May 16, 

'61 ; Sergt., June 20, '61 ; 2d Lieut. Co. F, Jan. 25, '62 ; Adj't. Aug. 4, 

'62 ; mustered out of service, June 29, '64. 
Thomas Everetts, of Brandon, age 28, private, Co. B, 7th Regt., Nov. 30, 

'61 ; Corporal, Feb. 12, '62 ; Sergt., March i, ^6^^ ; re-enlisted Feb. 30, 

'64; ist Sergt., July 6, '65 ; 2d Lieut., March i, '66; mustered out of 

service as ist Sergt., March 14, '66. 


Edson H. Fifield, of Poultney, age 24, private, Co. B, 2d Regt., May 8, '61 ; 

Corporal, June 20, '61; Regt. Qr. M. Sergt., April 26, '62; mustered 

out of service, July 15, '65. 
Frank N. Finney, of Brandon, age 28, private, Co. B, 7th Regt., Nov. 16, 

'61; Sergt, Feb. 12, '62; 2d Lieut., Co. G, Sept. 24, '62; ist Lieut., 

Co. D, March i, '63 ; Capt., Co. H, Feb. 28, '65; retained in service 

beyond muster out of Regiment, as mustering officer; mustered out of 

service, April 2, '66. 
Cornelius H. Forbes, of Brandon, age 27, ist Lieut., Co. H, 5th Regt., Sept. 

6, '61 ; Adjut., Jan. 8, '62; mustered out of service Sept. 15, '64. 
Henry S. Foot, of Rutland, age 23, 2d Lieut., Co. C, nth Regt., Aug. 13, 

'62; resigned, Dec. 8, '62. 
Geo. O. French, of Castleton, age 18, private, Co. C, i ith Regt., Aug. 6, '62 ; 

Sergt., Sept. 1, '62; ist Sergt., Jan. 23, '64 ; wounded Oct. ig, '64; 2d 

Lieut., June 28, '64; killed in action before Petersburg, Va., April 2, '65. 
Rollin M. Green, of Poultney, age 26, private, Co. I, 7th Regt., Jan. 9, '62 ; 

Corporal, Feb. 12, '62 ; Sergt., July 3, '62; 2d Lieut., Oct. 9, '62; ist 

Lieut., Co. H, March i, '63; died, Nov. 17, '63, at Barrancas, Fla., of 


Flbridge H. Griswold, of Brandon, age 31, ist Lieut., Co. G, 12th Regt., 
Sept. 22, '62; resigned, March 14, '63. 

Win. Goodrich, of Castleton, age 24, ist Lieut., Co. C, nth Regt., Aug. 13, 
'62; Capt., July II, '63 ; honorably discharged for disabUty, Oct. 17, '64. 

Charles S. Hale, Brandon, age 27, Chaplain, 5th Regiment, May 24, '62; 
resigned May 25, '63; re-enhsted August 8, '63; mustered out of ser- 
vice September 15, '64. 

Dan K. Hall, of Pittsford, age 19, private. Company G, 12th Regiment, 
August 18, '62; ist Sergeant, October 4, '62; 2d Lieutenant, March 16, 
'63; mustered out of service July 14, '63. 

George R. Hall, of Rutland, age 24, Reg. Com. Sergeant, 5th Regiment, Sep- 
tember 16, '61; 2d Lieutenant, Company I, August 9, '62; ist Lieu- 
tenant, March i, '63; honorably discharged April 5, '64, for disability. 

Henry M. Hall, of Danby, age 28, 2d Lieutenant Company E, 2d Regiment 
U. S. S. S., October 7, '61; resigned March 16, '62. 

William H. Hamilton, of Fairhaven, age 28, private. Company F, 14th Reg- 
iment, September 3, '62; ist Sergeant, October 21, '62 ; 2d Lieutenant, 
Company I, January 16, 63; died July 3, '63, of wounds received in 
action at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63. 

Arthur W. Hathaway, of Tinmouth, age 24, private. Company B, 9th Reg- 
iment, May 31, '62; Sergeant, July 9, '62 ; ist Sergeant, February 10, '64; 
2d Lieutenant, October 19, '64; mustered out of service as ist Sergeant, 
June 13, '65. 

Edwin M. Haynes, of Wallingford, age 27, Chaplain, loth Regiment, Aug. 18. 

Eben S. Hayward, of Rutland, age 32, Captain Company I, ist Regiment, 
April 23, '61 ; mustered out of service August 15, 61. 

John H. Hazelton, of Rutland, private Company H, ist Cavalry, September 
18, '61 ; Co. Qr. M., Sergeant, November 19, '61 ; ist Sergeant, August 
I, '62; 2d Lieutenant, October 30, 62; 1st Lieutenant, April i, 63; 
Captain Company M, July 6, '63 ; Major May 23, '65 ; mustered out of 
service August 9, '65. 


Edwin B. Hendry, of Brandon, age 21, private Co. B, 7th Regt, Nov. 27, '61; 
Sergt., Feb. 12, '62; ist Sergt., Oct. 18, '62; re-enlisted Feb. 17, '64; 
ist Lieut., April 23, '65; honorably discharged March i, '66. 

Edwin H. Higley, of Castleton, age 19, private Co. K, rst Cavalry, Sept. 30, 
'61; ist Sergt., Nov. 19, '61 ; 2d Lieut., July 16, '62 ; wounded June 23, 
'64; prisoner June 29, '64 ; paroled; mustered out of service. May 
IS, '65. 

Daniel G. Hill, of Wallingford, age 18, Com. Sergt., loth Regt., Sept. i,'62 ; 
2d Lieut., Co. H, Jan. 19, '63 ; ist Lieut. Co. G, June 17, '64; died of 
wound received at Opequan, Va., Sept. 19, '64. 

Ezbon W. Hinds, of Rutland, age 22, private, Co. F., U. S. S. S., Sept. 3, 
'61 ; Sergt., Sept. 13, '61 ; 2d Lieut., Aug. 2, '62 ; ist Lieut., Feb. 21, '63; 
Capt., May 15, '63 ; honorably discharged Nov. 7, '63, for disability. 

Erwin V. N. Hitchcock, of Pittsford, age 20, ist Lieut. Co. C, 7th Regt., 
Jan. 15, '62; Capt., Aug. 28, '62 ; resigned June i, '64. 

Patrick Hobon, of Brandon, age 20, private, Co. C, 9th Regt., June 4, '62 ; 
Corporal, July 9, '62 ; 2d Lieut. Co. I, June 22, '63; ist Lieut., Co. F, 
May 8, '64 ; Capt. Co. F, March 13, '65 ; transferred to Co. B by reason of 
consoUdation of Regt., June 13. '65 ; mustered out of service, I3ec. i, '65. 

David R. Hosford, of Poultney, age 26, private, Co. I, 5th Regt., Sept. 2, '61 ; 
Corporal, Sept. 16, '61; Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 15, '63; wounded 
May 12, 64; 1st Sergt., Sept. i, '64; ist Lieut, Co. I, Nov. 10, '64; 
Captam Co. A, June 9, '65 ; mustered out of service as ist Lieut. Co. I, 
June 29, '65. 

John Howe, of Castleton, age 27, ist. Lieut., Co. B, May 16, '61 ; resigned 
Aug. 14, '61. 

Franklin T. Huntoon, of Rutland, age 20, 2d Lieut., Co. H, ist Cavalry, 
Oct. 19, '61 ; Captain, Oct. 20, '62 ; honorably discharged, March 28, '63. 

Matthew Hussey, of Brandon, age 25, private, Co. C, 6th Regt., Oct. 3, '61 ; 
Corporal, Oct. 15, '61 ; Sergt., Nov. 20, '61 ; ist Sergt., ; re-en- 
listed Dec. 15, '63; 2d Lieut., April 21, '64; wounded Sept. 19, '64; ist 
Lieut., May 15, '64; mustered out of service Oct. 28, '64. 

George C. Hutchins, of Sherburne, age 29, private, Company E, 8th Regi- 
ment, January 10, '62 ; ist Sergeant, August i, 63; re-enlisted January 
5, '64; 2d Lieutenant, February 20, '64; ist Lieutenant, February 23, 
'65 ; mustered out of service June 28, '65. 

James V. Hyde, of Castleton, age 37, Captain Company C, 1 ith Regiment, 
August 13, '62; resigned Nov. 20, '62. 

Joseph Jennings, of Castleton, age 26, Captain Company F, 14th Regiment, 
September 3, '62 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Enoch E. Johnson, of Castleton, age 23, Captain Company D, 2d Regiment; 
promoted Major, June 17, '64; Lieut. Colonel, June 7, '65; mustered 
out of service July 15, '65. 

George E. Jones, of Rutland, age 21, Regt'l Com. Sergt., 7th Regiment, Feb- 
ruary 12, '62; 2d Lieutenant Company E, December 9, '62; promoted 
Captain and Com. of Subsistence, U. S. Volunteers, May 15, '64. 

Willis F. Keeler, of Pittsford, age 18, private, Co. H, 2dU. S. S. S.,Dec. ,11 
'61 ; re-enlisted Dec. 21, '63; Corporal, March 12, '64; wounded May, 
'64; Sergeant, November i, '64; transferred to Company H, 4th Ver- 
mont Volunteers, February 25, '65 ; 2d Lieutenant, January 22, '65 ; 
mustered out of service, July 13, '65. 


Edward L. Kelley, of Clarendon, age 33, private, Company B, 9th Regiment, 
June 18, '62; ist Sergeant July 9, '63; 3d Lieutenant, May i, '63 ; ist 
Lieutenant, December 22, '63; Captain, May 30, '65; mustered out of 
service as ist Lieutenant, June 13, '65. 

Samuel H. Kelley, of Clarendon, age 36, ist Lieutenant, Co. B, 9th Regt., 
June 3o, '63 ; Captain, May i, '63 ; mustered out of service,June 13, '65. 

Samuel F. Kilborn, of Poultney, age 19, private. Company I, 5th Regiment, 

August 39, '61 ; Corporal, ; Sergeant, ; re-enlisted 

December 15, '63 ; wounded May 5, '64; ist Lieutenant, Company F, 
June 9, '64; Captain Company I, November 19, '64; mustered out of 
service June 29, '65. 

John B. Kilburn, of Rutland, age 36, Captain Company D, 7th Regiment, 
January 7, '63 ; resigned January 11, '63. 

William P. Kimberly, of Brandon, age 19, private, Company H, 5th Regi- 
ment, August 33, '61 ; re-enlisted December 15, '63 ; Corporal, Decem- 
ber 34, '63; Sergeant, October i3, '64; ist Sergeant, April 3, '65; 3d 
Lieutenant, June 4, '65 ; mustered out of service June 39, '65. 

Henry W. Kingsley, of Rutland, age 22, Quarter-Master-Sergeant, loth Regi- 
ment, September i, '62; 2d Lieutenant Co. F, December 27, '62; 
wounded severely November 27, '63 ; ist Lieutenant, June 6, '64; Cap- 
tain, February 9, '65 ; appointed Captain and Com. subsistence U. S. 
Volunteers, January 23, '65. 

Levi G. Kingsley, of Rutland, age 28, 2d Lieutenant Co. K, ist Regiment, 
February 8. '60; mustered out of service August 15, '61 ; re-enlisted Maj. 
1 2th Regiment, September 26, '62 ; mustered out of service July 14,' 63. 

Charles C. Kinsman, of Brandon, age 21, private, Co. E. 4th Regiment, Sep- 
tember 4, '61 ; 1st Sergeant, September 21, '61 : 2d Lieutenant Co. D, 
May 15, '62 ; ist Lieutenant, September 23, '62 ; resigned April 17, '63. 

Walter C. Landon, of Rutland, age 31, Captain Co. K, 12th Regiment, Sep- 
tember 27, '62 ; resigned February 9, '63. 

Daniel H. Lane, of Mt. Tabor, age 32, private, Co. I, 17th Regiment, Feb. 
27, '64; Musician, April 12, '64; Sergeant, January i, '65 ; mustered 
out of service July 14, '65. 

Moses W. Leach, of Clarendon, age 36, private Co. K, 12th Regiment, Aug- 
ust 8, '62 ; 1st Sergeant, October 4, '62; 2d Lieutenant, February 14, 
'63; mustered out of service, July 14, '63. 

Judson A. Lewis, of Poultney, age 23, private Co. C, nth Regiment, August 
II, '63 ; Corporal, March 13, '63 ; Sergeant, August 3, '63 ; Regiment 
Commissary-Sergeant, September 11, '63; 3d Lieutenant, December 38, 
'63 ; wounded Sept. 22, '64 ; ist Lieutenant, December 3, '64; mustered 
out of service June 24, '65. 

John H. Macomber, of Fairhaven, age 26, private, Co. C, nth Regiment, 
August 12, '62; Corporal, September i, '62; Sergeant, April 12, '63; ist 
Lieutenant, Co. L, July 11, '63 ; wounded June 7, '64; Brevet Captain, 
April 2, '65, for gallantry in the assault on Petersburg ; Captain Co. L, 
May 23, '65 ; transferred to Co. C, June 24, '65 ; mustered out of ser- 
vice August 25, '65. 

Asa F. Mather, of Fairhaven, age 24, private, Co. C, nth Regiment, August 
9, '62; Corporal, September i, '62; Sergeant, October 30, '63; Co. 
Quarter- Master-Sergeant, December, 28, '63 ; 2d Lieutenant, May 13, 
'65 ; mustered out of service as Quarter-Master-Sergeant, June 24, '64. 


Emmet Mather, of Fairhaven, age 21, private, Co. H, ist Cavalry, October 5, 
'61; Corporal, November, ig, '61; Sergeant, December 4, 61 ; ist Ser- 
geant, May I, '63 ; wounded July 3, '63 ; 1st Lieutenant, July 6, '63 ; 
Captain, April 14, '65; transferred to Co. F, June 21, '65, by reason of 
consolidation of regiment ; mustered out of service August 9, '65. 
Walter McDevitt, see near center of page 66. 

John E. McGinnis, of Rutland, age 18, private, Co. B. 9th Regiment, Decem- 
ber 16, '63 ; Corporal, September 26, '64; transferred to Co. C by rea- 
son of consolidation of regiment, June 13, '65 ; ist Sergeant, June 15, 
'65 ; ist Lieutenant, July 3, '65 ; died November 10, '65, of disease. 
Martin J. McManus, of Rutland, age 22, 2d Lieutenant, Co. G., 5th Regi- 
ment, September 4, '61 ; resigned November 22, '61. 
William V. Meeker, of Poultney, age 22, private, Co. C, nth Regiment, Aug- 
ust 5, '62 ; ist Sergeant, September i,'62 ; 2d Lieutenant, March 29, '63 ; 
ist Lieutenant, December 28, '63 ; mustered out of service June 24, '65. 
Edmund A. Morse, of Rutland, age — , Surgeon, ist Regiment, April 26, '61 ; 
mustered out of service August 15, '61 ; re-enlisted, Quarter-Master, 
7th Regiment, December 5, '61 ; resigned August 26, '62, to accept pro- 
motion as Captain and A. Q. M., U. S. Volunteers. 
Oliver P. Murdick, of Rutland, age 18, private, Co. D, 7th Regiment, Decem- 
ber 9, '61 ; re-enlisted February 17, '64; Sergeant, June i, '65 ; Regi- 
ment Quarter-Master Sergeant, February i, '66; 2d Lieutenant, March 
I, '66; mustered out service as Quarter-Master Sergeant, March 14, '66, 
Henry J. Nichols, of Sudbury, age 18, private, Co. C, nth Regiment, Aug- 
ust 6, '62 ; Sergeant, September i, '62 ; 2d Lieutenant, Co, M, October 
7, '63 ; ist Lieutenant, Co. B, March 29, '64; Brevet Captain and 
Brevet Major, April 2, '65, for gallantry in the assault on Petersburg ; 
Captain Co, D, June 26, '65 ; mustered out of service August 25, '65, 
Joel T. Nichols, of Brandon, age 24, private, Co. D, 7th Regiment, January 
6, '62 ; Sergeant, February 12, '62; re-enhsted Feb. 16, '64; ist Ser- 
geant, May 3, '65 ; ist Lieutenant, August 22, '65 ; mustered out of ser- 
vice March 14, '66. 
William T. Nichols, of Rutland, age t,t„ Colonel 14th Regiment, September 

25, '62; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 
Thomas Noonan, of Clarendon, age 21, private, Co. G, 5th Regiment, Sep- 
tember 7, '61 ; re-enlisted December 15, '63; Sergeant, October i3, 
'64; ist Lieutenant, November 10, '64; dismissed the service February 

27, '65- 

Franklin Noyes, of Brandon, age 31, private, Co, F, 6th Regiment, October 
4, '61 ; Sergeant October 15, '61 ; 2d Lieutenant, March 15, '63; hon- 
orably discharged November 21, '63, for disability. 

Charles J. Ormsbee, of Brandon, age 20, 2d Lieutenant, Company H, 5th 
Regiment, September 6, 61 ; Captain Company D, September, 7, '62; 
killed in action at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64. 

Ebenezer J. Ormsbee, of Brandon, age 26, 2d Lieutenant, Company G, 
April 25, '61 ; mustered out of service August 15, '61 ; re-enHsted, Cap- 
tain Company G, 12th Regiment, September 22, '62; mustered out of 
service July 14, '63. 

Jackson V. Parker, of Brandon, age 27, 2d Lieutenant, Company B, 7th 
Regiment, January 6, '62 ; 1st Lieutenant, December 9, '62; Captain, 
October 22, '63 ; mustered out of service March 14, '66. 


Phineas C. Paul, of Wells, age 34, private, Company K, J 4th Regiment, 
vSeptember 18, '63 ; ist Sergeant October 3i, 63; ist Lieutenant, Feb. 
1 5, '63 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Robert Pratt, of Brandon, age 18, private. Company H, 5th Regiment, Sep- 
tember 3, '61 ; Corporal, re-enlisted December 15, '63; Sergeant, July 
I, 64; 1st Lieutenant, Company H, November 10, '64; Captain Com- 
pany F, May 10, 65 ; mustered out of service June 39, '65. 

Geo. P. Phalon, of Shrewsbury, age 3i, private. Company I, 7th Regiment, 
February 15, '63; Corporal, March 19, '63; Sergeant, November 38, 
'63; 1st Sergeant, March 33, '63; re-enlisted Feburary 15, '64; ist 
Lieutenant, July 13, '65 ; mustered out of service March 14, '66. 

Edwin Philips, of Tinmouth, age 37, private, Company G, 6th Vt. Vols., Oct. 
15, '61; Assistant Surgeon, 4th Vt. Vols., August 4, '63; Surgeon, 
6th Vt. Vols., October 38, '63; mustered out of service June 36, '65. 

Ethan A. Priest, of Mount Holly, age 34, private, Company I, 3d Regiment, 
May 7, '61 ; Sergeant, June 20, '61; ist Sergeant, January 20, '63; 
wounded July 21, '61, June 27, '62, and May 12, '64; ist Lieutenant, 
February 10, '63 ; mustered out of service June 29, '64. 

John A. Quilty, of Brandon, age 2^, 3d Lieutenant, 3d Battery Light A., 
December 13, '61 ; resigned, August 36, '63. 

Charles A. Rann, of Poultney, age 39, 2d Lieutenant Company F, 14th 
Regiment, September 3, '62 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Edwin F. Reynolds, of Rutland, age 32, Captain Company F, 6th Regiment, 
October 8, '61 ; killed in action at Lee's Mills, Va., April 16, '62. 

Edward H. Ripley, of Rutland, age 22, Captain Company B, 9th Regiment, 
June 20, '62; Major, March 20, '63; Lieutenant Col. May 16, '63; 
Col. May 22, '63; Brevet Brig. General, August i, '64; mustered out 
of service June 13, '65. [He left Union College, Schenectady, while a 
senior, to enUst as a private.] 

William Y. AV. Ripley, of Rutland, age 28, Captain Company K, ist Reg- 
iment, October 21, '59; mustered out of service August 15, '61 ; re- 
enhsted Lieutenant Col. ist Regiment, U. S. S. S., January i,'62; 
wounded severely, July i, '62 ; discharged August 6, '62, for promotion. 

Geo. T. Roberts, of Rutland, age 36, ist Lieutenant Company K, ist Reg- 
iment, October 21, '59; mustered out of service August 15, '61 ; re- 
enlisted, Col. 7th Regiment, December, 5, '61; died August 7, '62, of 
wounds received in action at Baton Rouge, La., August 5, '62. 

William B. Robinson, of Brandon, age 22, private. Company H, 5th Reg- 
iment, August 35, '61 ; Sergeant, September 16, '61 ; ist Sergeant ; 

3d Lieutenant, Company K, April 19, '63; transferred to Company G, 

; ist Lieutenant, Company D, October 23, '63; wounded, 

May 5, '64 ; honorably discharged x\ugust 8, '64, for wounds. 

Geo. Ross, of Brandon, age 22, private. Company B, 7th Regiment, Novem- 
ber 16, '61 ; Sergeant, February 12, '63 ; 3d Lieutenant, December, 9, 
'62 ; ist Lieutenant, October 22, '63 ; Prisoner of war from February 9, 
'64, to March 7, '65 ; mustered out of service March 15, '65. 

Lucretius D. Ross, of Poultney, age 34, Assistant Surgeon, 14th Regiment, 
October 8, '63 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Edgar M. Rounds, of Rutland, age 39, 3d Lieutenant, Company K, i3th 
Regiment, September 37, '63; ist Lieutenant, February 14, '63; mus- 
tered out of service July 14, '63. 


Charles C. Ruggles, of Poultney, age 23, Captain Company I, 7th Regiment, 
February i, '62 ; died July 24, '62, at Carrolton, La., of disease. 

Charles V. H. Sabin, of Wallingford, age 25, private, Company F, ist Cav- 
alry, October 20, '61 ; Regiment, Qr. M. Sergeant, December i, '61 ; 
Qr. M., December 20, '62 ; promoted Captain and A. Q. M., U. S. 
Vols., April 13, '64. 

AVm. H. H. Sabin, of Wallingford, age 19, 2d Lieutenant, Company C, loth 
Regiment, ist Lieutenant, November 8, '62; resigned, January 19, '63. 

John A. Salsbury, of Tinmouth, age 34, ist Lieutenant, Company C, loth 
Regnnent, August 5, '62 ; Captain Company I, November 8, '62 ; 
Brevet Major, October 19, '64, for gallantry before Richmond, and in 
the Shenandoah Valley ; mustered out of service as Captain Company 
I, June 22, '65. 

E. K. Sanborn, of Rutland, age — , Ass't Surgeon, ist Regiment, April 26, 
'61 ; mustered out of service August 15, '61. 

Charles W. Seager, of Brandon, age 22, Captain Company H, 5th Regiment, 
September 6, '61 ; wounded June 29, '62 ; resigned November 17, '62. 

Francis R. Shaw, of Pawlet, age 20, private Company C, nth Regiment, Au- 
gust 12, '62; Corporal, October 10, '63; Sergeant, December 28, '63; 
ist Sergeant, November 24, '64; 2d Lieutenant, May 2t,, '65 ; mustered 
out of service as ist Sergeant, June 24, '65. 

Harley G. Sheldon, of Rutland, age 22, private Company H, 14th Regiment, 
September 10, '62; ist Sergeant, October 21, '62; 2d Lieutenant Com- 
pany K, March 12, '63 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Elijah J. Sherman, of Brandon, age 30, 2d Lieutenant Company C, 9th Regi- 
ment, June 24, '62 ; resigned January 7, '63. 

Merritt H. Sherman, of Clarendon, age 20, private Company C, nth Regi- 
ment, August 5, '62 ; Sergeant, September i, '62; ist Sergeant, April 12, 
'63 ; 2d Lieutenant, December 28, '65 ; killed in action before Peters- 
burg, Va., June 23, '64. 

John T. Sinnott, of Rutland, age 24, ist Lieutenant Company A, 13th Regi- 
ment, September 11, '62 ; died July, '63, of wounds received in action at 
Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63. 

Darwin A. Smalley, of Brandon, age 20, ist Lieutenant Company B, 7th 
Regiment, January 6, '62 ; Captain Company A, October 15, '62 ; Major 
September i, '65 ; mustered out of service October 14, '65. 

William S. Smart, of Benson, age 29, Chaplain, 14th Regiment, October 8, 
'62; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Claudius B. Smith, of Brandon, age 43, Chaplain 2d Regiment, June 6, '61 ; 
resigned July 8, '62. 

Henry F. Smith, of Castleton, age 32, Ass't Surgeon, 3d Regiment, Septem- 
ber 15, '62; honorably discharged April 22, '64. 

WiUiam H. Smith, of Clarendon, age 2t^, private Co. I, 17th Regiment, Dec. 
5, '63 ; Sergeant, April 12, '64; ist Sergeant, July i, '64 ; ist Lieutenant 
June 20, '65 ; wounded April 2, '65; mustered out of service July 14, '65. 

William P. Spaulding, of Poultney, age 36, ist Lieutenant Company I, 5th 
Regiment, September 12, '61 ; resigned July 7, '62. 

Stephen G. Staley, of Rutland, age 37, ist Lieutenant Company K, 12th 
Regiment, September 27, '62; Captain, February 14, '63; mustered out 
of service, July 14, 63. 



Gilbert Steward, of Clarendon, age 23, private Company G, ist Cavalry, Oc- 
tober 14, '61 ; 2d Lieutenant, October 4, '62 ; Captain, April 28, '63 ; 
wounded July 6, '63 ; died June 29, '64. of wounds received in action at 
Stony Creek Station, Va., June 28, '64. 

Thomas J. Tarbell, of Mount Tabor, age 27, private Company E, 2d Regt., 
U. S. S. S., October 16, '61 ; Sergeant, November 9, '61 ; ist Sergeant, 
December 31, '63 ; re-enlisted January ^3, '64; 2d Lieutenant, March 
13, '64 ; died October 9, '64, at Danby, Vt., of wounds received at Wil- 
derness, Va., May 6, '64. 

Marquis E. Tenney, of Mendon, age 18, private Company B, 2d Regiment, 
August 13, '62; wounded May 3, '63 ; Sergeant, August 22, '64; ist 
Sergeant, December 26, '64 ; 2d Lieutenant, June 7, '65 ; mustered out 
of service June 19, '65. 

John C. Thompson, of Danby, age 31, Captain Company B, 14th Regiment, 
August 27, '62 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

William B. Thrall, of Rutland, age 27, ist Lieutenant Company D, 7th Regi- 
ment, February 12, '62 ; resigned September 27, '62. 

Henry F. Tower, of Ira, age 28, private, 2d Battery Light Artillery, Decem- 
ber 18, '63 ; Corporal, March 28, '64; Qr. M. Sergeant, September i, '64; 
2d Lieutenant, May i, '65; mustered out of service July 31, '65. 

Julius M. Wallace, of Sudbury, age 40, private Company H, 5th Regiment, 

August 29, '61 ; Corporal, September 16, '61 ; Sergeant, ; ist 

Sergeant, ; 2d Lieutenant Company K, August 9, '62 ; ist 

Lieutenant, January 24, '63 ; resigned March 17, '63. 

RoUin C. Ward, of Castleton, age 23, private Company B, 2d Regiment, May 
17, '61; Sergeant, June 20, '61; ist Sergeant ; wounded May 12, '62; 
ist Lieutenant, October i, 62; Captain, December 20, '62 ; mustered 
out of service, Sept. 14, '64. 

Austin E. Woodman, of Pawlet, age 32, 2d Lieutenant, Company I, 7th 
Regiment, February i, '62 ; ist Lieutenant Company I, August 28, '62 ; 
Captain Company I, December 21, '63; resigned June 28, '65. 

John W. Woodruff, of Benson, age 38, ist Lieutenant, Co. D, 14th Regt., 
August 29, '62 ; resigned April 13, '63. 

Adrian T. Woodward, of Brandon, age 36, Surgeon of 14th Regiment, Feb- 
ruary 9, '63 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Henry L. York, of Shrewsbury, age 30, 2d Lieutenant Company B, 14th 
Regiment, August 27, '62 ; mustered out of service July 30, '63. 

Total Loss and Casualties to State Troops. — The total number of 
men from this State, ivounded during the war, was 4,360. 

Of the 5,128 Men Lost by Death, 64 commissioned officers and 1,007 
enlisted men were killed in action. 

Thirty-seven commissioned officers and 664 enlisted men died from wounds 
received in action. Twenty-nine commissioned officers and 2,616 enlisted 
men died from disease. 

" Four were shot by Sent., G. C. M." [Supposed to mean by sentence of 
general court martial.] 

Three commissioned officers and 626 enlisted men died while prisoners, 
and three commissioned officers and 75 enlisted men died from accident. 



Of the 5,022 Men Discharged, 317 commissioned officers resigned, 61 
commissioned officers and 3,865 enlisted men were discharged for disability, 
44 commissioned officers and 596 enlisted men, for wounds received in action. 
Eleven enlisted men were paroled prisoners. Twenty-eight commissioned 
officers and too enlisted men were dishonorably discharged. 

Among the whole number of troops, it is to be expected that some were 
not true, and the records show that 2,219 •''''^'^ (mostly if not all of whom were 
substitutes,) deserted. 

The nuinber of Engagements in which the several Regiments, Batteries and 
Detached Troops, (officered in part by Rutland County men,) bore honorable 
part during the War, are as follows : — 

First Regiment, Infantry i 

Second Regiment, Infantry 38 

Third Regiment, Infantry 38 

Fourth Regiment, Infantry 36 

Fifth Regiment, Infantry 25 

Sixth Regiment, Infantry 35 

Seventh Regiment, Infantry 5 

Eighth Regiment, Infantry 7 

Ninth Regiment, Infantry 4 

Tenth Regiment, Infantry 13 

Eleventh Regiment (First Regiment Heavy Artillery) i3 

Thirteenth Regiment, Infantry i 

Fourteenth Regiment, Infantry i 

Sixteenth Regiment, Infantry 1 

Seventeenth Regiment, Infantry 13 

First Regiment, U. S. Sharpshooters 37 

Second Regiment, U. S. Sharpshooters 34 

First Battery, Light Artillery 4 

First Regiment, Cavalry 73 


It may be well to state that the War Department accredited to this State 
thirty-five thousand two hundred and forty-two men ; l>eing one thousand and 
four more than are shown by the State records, and gives the State credit over 
the aggregate quotas under all calls, oi fifteen hundred and thirteen men. 
"This discrepancy may be and probably is to be accounted for," says Adju- 
tant General P. T. Washburn, " by enlistments in organizations of other 
States, to the credit of this State, which appear upon muster-rolls of those 
organizations and were not reported to the State." 


^ENSON is located in the extreme north-west corner of the county, in 
lat. 43° 42' and long. 3° 46' east from Washington, and is bounded, 
north by Addison County, east by Hubbardton and a small part of Sud- 
bury and Castleton, south by Fairhaven and Westhaven, and west by Lake 
Champlain, and contains an area of about 28,340 acres, or 42^ square miles. 
Benson derived its name in honor of Hon. Egbert Benson, of the State 01 
New York. The township was chartered October 27, 1779, (the charter was 
not signed until May 5, 1780,) by "the Governor, Council and General As- 
sembly of the Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont," to seventy-five 
individual proprietors in eighty shares ; five being for public uses, as follows : 
" One share for the use of a Seminary or College within the State, one share 
for the first settled minister of the gospel, one share for the County Grammar 
Schools throughout the State, one share for the use of schools in the town, 
and one share for the glebe for the Church of England." 

The surface is very broken and uneven in the northern, south-eastern and 
south-western part, making about one-third of the territory rocky and moun- 
tainous. Through the center of the town, from north to south, extends a 
range of slate, from a mile to a mile and a half in width, covered with a good 
soil, furnishing a fair share of upland for tillage. Otherwise, except in the 
north-western part and in the mountain valleys, the soil is mostly clay. The 
climate is delightful, the water very pure and the scenery picturesque, al- 
though Benson is not as good a farming district as the lake towns in Addison 

The country is well watered by numerous lakes, streams, ponds and springs, 
of which Sunset Lake, a beautiful little sheet of water situated in the northern 
part of the town, is the largest, being nearly circular and about one mile in 
diameter. Glen Lake lies in the south-eastern part of the town, extending 
south into Fairhaven and Castleton. Little Pond is in the northern part of 
the town, and several others, mostly small ones, are located in various parts 
of the township. 

Hubbardton River, with its tributaries, forms the principal stream. It rises 
in the north-western part of Hubbardton, and flows in a south-westerly course 
through Benson into Westhaven on the south. 


There is still considerable timber in the town, beech, maple, pine and hem- 
lock, interspersed with oak, ash and walnut, being most abundant. 

In 1880 Benson had a population of 1,104, was divided into eleven school 
districts and had eleven common schools, employing six male and sixteen fe- 
male teachers, at an aggregate salary of $1,725.11. There were 271 pupils 
attending common schools, and the entire cost of the schools for the year 
ending October 30th, was $2,017.37, under the superintendency of Royal D. 

Benson, a post village, is beautifully located in the central part of the town, 
and contains three stores, two blacksmith shops, one hotel, two churches, 
(Methodist Episcopal and Congregational,) one shoe shop, one marble shop, 
and has a population of about 250. 

Benson Landing (p. o.) is a small hamlet located in the western part of 
the town, on Lake Champlain. It contains one store, one store-house, and 
about eight dwellings. 

Ira E. Morse's saw ;«///, located on the north branch of Hubbardton River, 
near Sunset Lake, was built in 1875. It manufactures about 200,000 feet of 
lumber and 250,000 shingles annually. 

Francis IV. Johnson's shingle faciory and cider mill, located on Hubbard- 
ton River, at Tumble Falls, near road 10, was erected in 1880, and has a fine 
water-power of twenty feet fall. Mr. Johnson manufactures 500 to 600 bar- 
rels of cider per year. 

N. O' Donald' s grist and saw mill, located on Hubbardton River, about 
two miles from Benson village, is the only grist mill in the town, manufac- 
tures in connection with flour, etc., 500,000 feet of lumber, 400,000 shingles, 
and 1,000 barrels of cider each year. 

The Walker Cheese Mamifactiiring Company was organized in 1873. Its 
present list of officers is as follows : — J. S. Griswold, President ; R. D. King, 
Vice President ; William Bascomb, Secretary ; L. H. Kellogg, Treasurer. 
Directors : — Philo Wilcox, J. S. Griswold and B. A. Carter. This company 
manufactures 100,000 lbs. of cheese, from the milk of 500 cows, each year. 

Benson Butter and Cheese Factory, located upon the farm of O. H. and R. 
E. Brown, was organized by a stock company in 1874. Its present officers 
are: — J. D. Hunt, President; E. Norton, Vice President; H. S. Howard, 
Secretary; R. P. Walker, Treasurer. Directors — R. E. Brown, A. J. Gibbs 
and E. S. Howard. This company uses the milk from 400 cows. 

A grist-mill at Bangall, (local name for a settlement on the Hubbardton 
River on road 10,) was built and operated by William Cutler and Ethan Allen 
prior to the year 1810. 

The first person who settled in the town of Benson was Walter Durfee, who 
made some improvements on his farm previous to the Revolution, but was 
driven off his claim by the invasion of Burgoyne in 1777. In 1782 he re- 
turned to the town and made a permanent settlement. Mr. Durfee resided 
here until the year 1835, when he removed to West Chazy, N. Y., where he 


died in the summer of 1843, aged over 90 years. Traces of his first cabin are 
still extant. 

The same year with Mr. Durfee, Daniel Barber of Pittsfield, Mass., came to 
the town in search of a mill-site. He followed Otter Creek from Pittsford to 
Vergennes, but found too much water in that stream for mill purposes, so 
concluded to build on the Hubbardton River, about two miles from Benson, 
near where N. O'Donald's mills now stand. The following year, 1783, Mr. 
Barber returned to Benson with his wife, and in 1784 began the first dam on 
Hubbardton River, on the site aforesaid. Here he built a saw-mill and the 
following year a grist-mill, the first mills built in the town. During this time 
Jonathan Meacham, James Noble and several others, with their families, had 
settled in the town. Previous to the building of these mills the settlers were 
obliged to carry their grain through the wilderness to Poultney to get it 
ground. Ruth, wife of Daniel Barber, was the first woman settler of the 
town. In August, 1785, her eldest son, Roswell, was born, who resided 
in town all his life, dying in 1849. Roswell left two sons, D. R. Barber, 
of Minneapolis, Minn., and E. L. Barber, who still resides on the old 
homestead; which has never been owned out of the Barber family since 
first purchased by his grandfather. Daniel Barber had a large family of 
sons and daughters, most of whom, with their famihes, have "followed 
the setting sun." Mr. Durfee, the first settler, has now no descendants in 
the town. 

The first seven years after the first settlement, immigration was so rapid that 
in 1792 the population was 694, while in 1800 it was 1164, about the same as 

The first child born in the town was Thomas, son of Thomas and Elizabeth 
Hale, born August 22, 1784. The first marriage was that of Levi Barber and 
Rebecca Hinman. He was born in Worcester, Mass., April 6, 1763, and died 
in Westhaven, January 13, 1856, aged 93 years. She was born in Woodbury, 
Ct., February 15, 1768, and died in Westhaven, March 4, 1857, aged 89 
years. Both were buried in Benson. The date of their marriage is not 

The first death that occurred is not now known, though the first re- 
corded in the town record of deaths was that of James, an infant son of 
Benoni and Lucy Gleason, who was born April 5, 1789, and died on the 
following day. 

The village burying-ground was surveyed and laid out October 5, 1790; 
but previous to that time there had been burials in the south-east part of 
the farm of E. S. Howard, and also in the north-west corner of the school 
lot. There never were any monuments placed to mark these burials, and no 
traces of the graves now remain. Captain William Barber is supposed to 
have been the first adult who died in the town, his death occurring August 
II, 1789. On road 44, fronting road 41, is a small, white, stone monument, 
bearing the following inscription, which tells its own story : — 



" Daniel W. Lebaron was killed here by being thrown from a 

HORSE October 12, 1842, age 10 years. 
"James D. Lebaron was killed by a fall in a barn, August 16, 

1840, age 10 years. 

"Samuel A. Lebaron was killed by a cart, June 28, 1856, age 

5 YEARS. Sons of James and Lovisa Lebaron." 

Chauncey Smith was the first physician located in the town, practicing 
from 1786 to 18 1 5. The house called the "Ark," at Benson village, now 
owned by A. G. Sherman, was built by Dr. Smith in the year 1795, and for 
a long time was used as a tavern. 

James Noble, son of Captain James, came to Benson from Pittsfield, 
Mass., in 1786. Mr. Noble had a family of four daughters and three sons, 
and died in Benson in 1843, aged 81 years. 

James Noble, Jr., was born in Pittsfield, Mass., January 24, 1784, married 
Bethia Noble in Benson, February 8, 1808, having settled on the farm now 
owned by his son Loren S. By his wife Bethia, he had one son and one 
daughter. After her death he married Mary Brooks. Loren Stephen Noble 
was born December 9, 1821; married Mary E. Brooks, and has two sons. 
He is very much respected, is a deacon of the Congregational Church, and 
still resides on the old Noble homestead. 

Asa Farnham, one of the first settlers of the town, and one of its first 
magistrates and legislators, died June 13, 181 1, in his 48th year. His wife, 
Polly, died August 7, 1796, aged 35 years. 

One of the first settlers in the eastern part of the town was Benoni Gleason, 
born in Pittsfield, Berkshire County, Mass., in 1761. His father, Jacob 
Gleason, moved from Westfield, Mass., to Pittsfield, during the early settle- 
ment of that township, himself and family numbering ten persons, and being 
one of 138 families in the town of Pittsfield at its first enumeration, Novem- 
ber I, 1772. 

Jacob Gleason entered the Revolutionary army from Pittsfield, in Lieu- 
tenant WiUiam Barber's Company, September 30, 1776, and marched to 
New York, afterwards serving in other expeditions. 

Benoni entered the army in Captain William Ford's Company, from Pitts- 
field, and was present at the capture of Yorktown and the surrender of 
CornwaUis, October 19, 1781. After his discharge from the army he re- 
turned to Pittsfield, where he shortly after married Lucy Hubbard, daughter 
of Captain James Hubbard. M2y i, 1786, he moved to this town, building 
a log house on what was, known as the Ticonderoga road, leading from the 
fort to Hubbardton and passing across the north side of the farm. Plainly 
marked in this old house is the date of Sally Gleason's birth, July 39, 1788, 
the first child born in this part of the town. She became the wife of 
Sheldon Root. 

James Gleason, born April 27, 1799, in the house which he now occupies, 


(built about 1794, of timbers and plank,) has held all the most important 
offices within the gift of the town. Was justice of the peace for many years. 
He married in January, 1824, Esther Renejine, and they are now living 
where they began house-keeping 57 years ago. 

Rollin Gleason, born November 37, 1825, and married December 4, 1862, 
now resides, with his family, on the old homestead with his father and mother. 

Dr. Seth Ransom, a native of Woodstock, Vt., studied medicine at Castle- 
ton ; removed to Sudbury, from thence to Westhaven, and from Westhaven 
to Benson, about the year 18 10, where he practiced medicine until his death, 
July 8, 1857. His widow died January 27th, 1879. Mrs. Nelson Ladd is 
a grandchild. 

Gen. Perry G. Ladd, born January i, 1774, died in Benson, March 33, 
1838. He came to Pittsford from Coventry, Conn., at an early date, and 
subsequently moved to Benson, where he was engaged in the blacksmithing 
business many years. He was a large, powerful man, and by industry and 
economy amassed a large property. 

Philo Wilcox, born in Goshen, Conn., January 33, 1783, came to Benson 
at an early date, where he died August 26, 1865. He was a Hberal minded 
man, an active member of the Congregational Church and much respected. 

Captain Asher Olmsted, from Wilhamstown, Mass., came to Benson in 1789 
with his father, Stephen Olmsted, and settled upon the farm now owned by E. 
A. Walker, on road 47. The house is still standing that he built over 82 years 

ago. Asher married for his first wife Frost, and for his second wife? 

SalHe, daughter of WiUiam Barber, his family consisting of four sons and two 
daughters. He died in 1855 ^^ the age of 80 years. His son, William D., 
now resides on road 22 and is over 82 years of age, and his wife 77. Their 
daughter, Catharina G., married Wm. C. Dickinson, and resides on road 48. 

Samuel Higgins and family came from KiUingworth, Conn., to Castleton 
about 1 781. From there they removed to Benson in 1788, settHng on road 
39, corner of road 40. His family consisted of five sons and five daughters. 
He died June 30, 181 1, in the 68th year of his age. Temperance, his wife, 
died February 6, 1831, aged 73. Their son William and his wife Betsy occu- 
pied the old homestead many years. Their son, William Orson, now resides 
on road 20, at the age of 67 years. 

Dan Higgins, son of Samuel, settled in Westhaven, from whence he re- 
moved to Genesee County, N. Y., and from there returned to Vermont, set- 
tHng in Benson upon the farm now owned by Z. D. Husbrook, on road 40. 
Dan had eight sons and two daughters, of which seven sons and one daughter 
are still Hving. He died February 15, 1859, in his 75th year. Three sons, 
James, Alphonzo and Francis, are still residents of Benson. 

Isaac Griswold, sen., came to this town from Norwich, Conn., about the 
year 1800, and settled upon the farm now owned by his grandson, J. S. Gris- 
wold, located on road 36. Isaac died in 181 7, aged 82 years; his wife, Abi- 
gail, dying the same year at the age of 79 years. 


Isaac Griswold, Jr., came from Norwich some two or three years previous 
to his father, and took up his residence with his sister, wife of Asa Farnham ; 
but as soon as his father came to the town he went to reside with him, where 
he remained till his father's death, when the farm came into his possession. 
Soon after, he built the house now occupied by his son, J. S. Griswold. Isaac, 
Jr., married for his first wife Naomi Barber, by whom he had seven children, 
two of whom died in infancy. Naomi died May 4, 181 4, aged 32 years. For 
his second wife he married Huldah Dickinson, by whom he had two sons 
and three daughters. Of these children six sons and two daughters are still 
living. Isaac jr. was justice of the peace many years, and died in 1844, ^ged 
65 years. His second wife died in 1858, aged 80 years. 

Daniel Howard, an early settler, came to Benson from Hartford, Conn., 
with his father and two brothers, James and Samuel, settling upon the farm 
now owned by J. D. Hunt, on road 26. Daniel was born August 10, 1769, 
and died in 1848. His son J. J. still occupies the old homestead, at the age 
of 73 years. 

Amos Root came from Pittsfield, Mass., in 1787, making his difficult way 
through the forest with an ox team, his wife riding horse-back and carrying 
their child, Sheldon, then about one year old. They settled upon the farm 
now owned by C. W. Fay, but afterwards removed to the farm now owned by 
Frank Halsted on road 31, where he built the first frame house in that portion 
of the town, in the year 1794, and which is still standing. Amos had three 
sons and two daughters. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war and died 
in the great epidemic of 1813, his son Stephen dying at the same time. His 
son John Hved upon the farm till 1849, when he moved about ^ mile west on 
road 31, and there died in 1846, aged 49 years. His wife, Laura, resides 
with her daughter, EHza Jackson, in Minnesota. His son Stephen now re- 
sides on road 51. 

Sheldon Root married Sally Gleason and settled upon the farm now owned 
by George Root. He died October 31, 1862, aged 76 years. His wife died 
October 31, 1870, aged 82 years. 

Ezra Strong came to Benson from Pittsfield, Mass., at an early date, and 
located upon the farm now owned by Edwin Walker. His son, Wareham, 
came at the same time and settled in Westhaven upon the farm now owned 
by George Adams. 

Robert Barber came to Benson from Worcester, Mass., in March, 1790, 
locating upon the farm now owned by his son, M. G. Barber, on road 2. He 
died March 9, 1827, his wife, Rebecca J., following him March 18, 1856, aged 
92 years. 

Abel Torrey came to Vermont from Massachusetts in 1788, settling in the 
town of Sudbury. In March, 1816, he removed to Benson, locating on the 
farm now owned by his only surviving child, Mrs. R. Manley, widow of A. D. 

Stephen Crofoot came to Benson from Pittsfield, Mass., in 1778, and set- 


tied upon the farm now owned by Edwin A. Walker, on road 47. Mr. Cro- 
foot had three sons and two daughters, and died in March 181 2. His wife 
followed him in 1815. William Crofoot, his son, lived upon the farm until 
his death, which occurred in June, 1829. Rhoda J., wife of WiUiam, died in 
June, 1844. 

Daniel Crofoot, son of William, now resides on road 35, at the age of 
77. He has been justice of the peace forty-seven years, represented the 
town in the State Legislature from 1864 to '66, and was also associate judge 
of the County Court in 1868 and '69. 

Amos King, from Cheshire, Mass., came to Benson in 1797, accompanied 
by his wife Eunice, and one son and a daughter, Dexter and Ruth, aged 
respectively twelve and ten years. The farm upon which he settled is still in 
the possession of the family, being owned by his grandson, M. F. King. 
Amos lived an active, busy hfe, dying in the year 1822. His wife, Eunice, 
lived to the age of 86 years. Dexter King, upon arriving at man's estate, 
married Sally Frisbie, of Poultney, by whom he had six children, as follows : 
M. F., Eunice P., Noble C, Joseph D., Sarah R. and J. W.; all of whom are 
now living. M. F., who retains the homestead, is a very busy, active man, 
possessing the regard of all who know him. He was the town representative 
during the years 1862-63. 

Philo Wilcox, father of Philo E. Wilcox, was born at Goshen, Conn., 
January 33, 1873. He immigrated to Benson in 1788, where he resided 
until his death, which occurred August 26, 1865, aged 82 years and seven 

John Quincey Dickinson, son of CorneHa (Coleman) Dickinson, was born 
in Benson, November 19, 1837, and was a paternal grandson of Capt. Joel 
Dickinson. He was a graduate of Middlebury College. In 1863 he enlisted 
as 2d Lieut, of Co. C, 7th Regiment, serving all through the war, resigning as 
Capt. of Co. F, October 10, 1865. He afterwards removed to Florida, where 
he became Assistant Secretary of the Senate of that. State. He was assassin- 
ated on the 3d of April, 187 1, the assassination being for political motives. 
His body was interred in Benson, on Wednesday, April 19, 1871, in the pres- 
ence of the largest funeral procession ever gathered in the town. 

The record of the first two town meetings, although stating that the meet- 
ings "were held in Benson," does not state in either case at what place in the 
town the meeting was held ; and no notification or warning for any town 
meeting heldin the town, previous to November, 1798, is recorded in the town 
records. At a town meeting held September 18, 1786, it was voted "to raise 
six pounds" and "to raise it by the pole," [poll] and " that there be six days' 
work per man done on the roads, with what has been done this year ; " and 
also " voted to petition to the General Assembly a tax on all lands of one pen- 
ny per acre." At the October session of the General Assembly, in 1786, an 
Act was passed empowering the selectmen to levy a tax of one penny on each 
acre of land in the town, for the purpose of making and repairing public 

— « 


roads and bridges in the town. At the same session were passed resolutions 
providing for taking the sense of the freemen of the State on a proposed 
project for "emitting a small bank of paper money on loan or otherwise." 
In reference to these resolutions it was voted at a town meeting held in Ben- 
son November 23, 1786, "to say nothing about paper money." 

At a town meeting held June 13, 1786, Capt. Asahel Smith was chosen the 
delegate from the town to the State Constitutional Convention, held at Man- 
chester on the last Thursday of June, 1786, called by the Council of Censors 
to consider certain proposed amendments to the Constitution. 

The town was first represented in the General Assembly in 1788 — Asahel 
Smith representative ; and it has been represented in that body at every ses- 
sion since that year, up to the present time; though in 181 2 the election of 
the sitting member was successfully contested, and he was unseated. 

Among the early merchants we find the following who were doing business 
in the year 1795 : — 

Jonas Abbott advertises, June 12, that he " has again refurnished his cheap 
store with a fresh stock of European and India goods." 

Timothy Watson was doing a boot and shoe business. 

Stephen Olmsted and Tilly Gilbert were engaged in trade as general mer- 
chants, the partnership being dissolved on April 7th of this year, and the busi- 
ness continued by Olmsted. 

At the annual town meeting held March 19, 1787, at the house of Stephen 
Olmsted, it was "voted to fix the house lately occupied by Solomon Chit- 
tenden and now the property of Asa Farnham, so it shall be convenient to 
meet in on the Sabbath," and also " voted to hire Mr. Ralph [minister] the 
space of one month, to pay in wheat after harvest, at a market price ; " and 
it was also " voted that the committee appointed to hire Mr. Ralph are to 
hire him one-half of the time for two months, if he will be hired for or under 
four dollars per Sabbath, to be paid in grain after harvest." 

At a town meeting held December 29, 1788, it was "voted to hire a Minis- 
ter one-half the time next summer, with Fairhaven." Mr. Levi Hackley was 
employed as a preacher in 1789-90. At a town meeting held on the 2 2d of 
March, 1790, it was "voted to have Mr. I>evi Hackley settle with us for 
our Minister," and "' that the town will raise thirty-five pounds in necessary 
articles for building, to be paid to Mr. Levi Hackley for a settlement, exclu- 
sive of the right of land which naturally belongs to him as soon as he becomes 
our Minister," and " to give Mr. Hackley seventy pounds salary for a year, to 
begin with forty pounds the first year, and to rise with the list of the town, 
until it amounts to seventy pounds, and there stand ; " but the vote to settle 
Mr. Hackley was reconsidered at an adjourned town meeting, March 30, 
1780. The Rev. Dan. Kent became the first settled minister in Benson, he 
having a "call to settle with us in the work of the ministry" on the 4th of 
June, 1792. This pastoral relation continued until the nth of July, 1828, 
when he was dismissed. 


In the winter of 1795-6, the canker rash, or ulcerous sore throat, (scarlet 
fever,) was very prevalent and malignant in the township and vicinity. 
During the winter of 181:5-13, there were cases of the spotted fever in town ; 
and, in the latter part of February, 1813, these were followed by the 
typhoid pneinnonia, or lung fever, which became a prevailing and frightful 
epidemic. Its principal ravages were in the months of March and April, and 
there were no new cases after the middle of May following. There were 
about sixty deaths from this disease in less than three months. Aside from 
these, the town has never been visited by epidemic diseases. 

Benson Congregational Church, located at Benson village, was organized 
in March, 1790, by Mathias Cazier, of Castleton, and his delegate, Mr. 
Sturtevant, with Joseph Clark as Moderator of the Church and Allen Good- 
rich, Clerk. Deacon Jonathan Woodward, grandfather of ex- Vice-Presi- 
dent Wheeler, was the first deacon, and Rev. Dan Kent, son of Dea. Cephas 
Kent of Dorset, the first pastor and also the first settled minister in Benson. 
He was born in Suffield, Conn., April 10. 1758, commenced his pastorate 
in Benson in 1793, and continued as pastor of this Church thirty-six years. 
He died in Benson, July 22, 1835. 

During Mr. Kent's ministry the Church grew rapidly. He was a man of 
fervent piety and great zeal. At several periods during his pastorate there 
was unusual interest and the Church received large additions to its numbers. 

The first church edifice, a one story frame building, 34 by 40 feet, was 
erected in 1790, built by Major Ozia Johnson, and stood upou the site now 
occupied by Willard Strong's residence, but was afterwards removed to the 
ground now occupied by the Methodist church. The second house of 
worship was raised in 1797, and completed in 1803. This building was fol- 
lowed by the present church edifice, in 1841, which is a fine, comfortable 
building, capable of seating 450 persons, and cost about $6,500, while the 
whole church property is valued at $12,000. What the membership of the 
society was at its organization is not kown, but was probably small. It now 
has a membership of 150, with Rev. Geo. G. Lyon, pastor. 

The First Baptist Church of Benson was organized by Elder Abel Wood, 
Samuel Tower and John Carter, in March, 1797. At its organization it had 
14 members, with Rev. William Patterson as pastor. In 1826 the first 
building was erected, built of stone; this was followed by a second in 1841, 
but has since that time been used for other purposes, the society having 
disbanded, part uniting with Sudbury and others with Westhaven. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church, located at Benson village, was organized 
about the year 1839, by Rev. P. P. Harrower, who was the first pastor. 
The present church edifice, a comfortable building capable of seating about 
250 persons was built in 1841, and remodeled again in 1876. The original 
cost of the building was about $2,000, while the present value of the property 
is about $7,500. L. A. Dibble is pastor of the society, which has a member- 
ship of 125. 


^^.RANDON lies in the northern part, forming one of the border towns 
*f^ between this county and Addison, in lat. 43 '^ 48' and long. 3° 50' east 
y from Washington, and is bounded north by Leicester in Addison 
County, east by Goshen and a part of Chittenden, south by Pittsford, and 
west by Sudbury. It was chartered under the name of Neshobe, October 20, 
1761, by Benning Wentworth, and contains 22,756 acres. It retained the 
name of Neshobe for twenty-three years, when on the 20th of October, 1784, 
the Act of Legislature confirming the organization of the town, gave it its 
present name of Brandon. This name is supposed to be a corruption of 
" Burnt-town," which was derived from the fact of the town having at one 
time (1777,) been visited by Indians, who massacred some of the inhabitants 
and burned their dwellings. 

The surface, except in the eastern part, is not mountainous ; but here the 
Green Mountains extend along the whole eastern border and contain some 
quite high elevations. The rocks of the western and central portion of the 
township are of the eolian litnestone formation and contain some good marble 
quarries, although they are at present not worked to any great extent. The 
eastern part is composed mostly of quartz^ except a small belt of pliocene ter- 
tiary deposit. This belt contains many valuable minerals, consisting of iron, 
manganese, kaolin, paint pigments, and some silver. Iron ore was first dis- 
covered in Brandon in 18 10, and soon after a forge was built and bar-iron of 
a superior quaHty was manufactured for several years. In 1820 a furnace was 
built by John Conant, Esq., for reducing the ore, an undertaking which at 
that time was deemed one of great hazard ; but he persevered with character- 
istic energy and judgment, and with complete success, and it is to this fur- 
nace, long well known as " Conant's Furnace," that Brandon is indebted for 
an impetus then given to its business interests and for its continuous growth 
and prosperity. Iron is not manufactured to as great an extent as formerly. 
Paint and kaohn are still manufactured to a considerable extent. Not enough 
silver to amount to anything has ever been found ; but there are traditions of 
a very rich mine hid somewhere in the mountains, that was once worked with 
great success by the Spaniards. A singular freak in the geological formation 
of the town is the " frozen well," wherein ice may be found during the entire 
season. It is located a little southwest of Brandon village, on road 37^, and 
was dug in November, 1858. After sinking about twenty feet through the 
soil, the workmen came to frozen earth, consisting of coarse gravel, rounded 
pebbles and lumps of clear ice, from the size of an egg to that of a 12 lb. 
cannon ball; this frozen stratum is about 15 feet thick. The well is 34^ feet 
deep and has about 2\ feet of water in it ; its diameter is about three feet, and 
it is properly stoned up with rounded boulders of limestone. This well has 
always been a matter of considerable curiosity to scientists. 

The country is watered by numerous streams, some of which afford excel- 
lent mill-sites, the principal one being Otter Creek, which enters the southern 
part of the township, flows a north-westerly course into Hubbardton, and 


through the extreme north-western corner of the town into Addison County. 
Mill River rises in the north-east part of the town, flows a south-westerly 
course and is discharged into Otter Creek near the southern boundary of the 
township. The numerous other streams serve to irrigate the soil and afford 
some mill-privileges, but are of no considerable size. In the northern part 
are two small ponds, called respectively Burnett's and Spring Pond. 

The Central Vermont Railroad enters the township about the centre of its 
southern boundary, extends through the town in a north-westerly direction, 
entering Addison County on the north. 

Brandon contains much good farming land and has many excellent farms. 
The soil is various, but generally a light loam, easily tilled and very produc- 
tive. The alluvial flats, or intervale, along Otter Creek, are extensive and 
beautiful and are not surpassed in fertihty by any in the county. The town- 
ship produces every variety of timber common to the country; pine, oak, 
cherry, sugar and red maple, ash and cedar, are found in abundance, making 
lumber manufacture quite an industry. 

In 1880 Brandon had a population of 3,280, was divided into thirteen 
school districts and had twenty common schools, employing three male and 
eighteen female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $5,014.00. There were 
693 pupils attending common schools, and the entire cost of the schools for 
the year ending October 30th, was $5,638.92. The schools were under the 
superintendence of Mr. J. S. Cilley. 

Brandon, a post village and station on the Central Vermont R. R., is very 
pleasantly located near the central part of the township. It enjoys a good 
water-privilege and other facilities for making it a smart inland town ; but 
owing to the loss of manufactories and lack of industries, the material inter- 
ests of the town have been seriously affected during the past few years. Its 
prospects are not near so flourishing as they were several years since. It 
contains at present five churches, two banks, two hotels, thirteen stores, one 
grist and flour mill, three meat markets, two marble-shops, four harness-shops, 
two liveries, one shoe-counter and stay manufactory, one foundry, five black- 
smith shops, one graded school, one cooper-shop, three cabinet-makers, ten 
dress-makers, three milliner shops, two carriage-shops, three paint-shops, one 
brass band, two hose companies, two printing offices, one dye-house, one brick- 
yard, one laundry, five lawyers, six physicians, etc., and about 300 dweUings. 

FoRE-STDALE (p. o.) is a pleasant little village of about 500 inhabitants, lo- 
cated in the north-eastern part of the township, the principal business interest 
being Newton & Thompson's wood-turning works. There are two churches, 
three stores, three blacksmith shops, two livery stables, one wheelwright 
shop, etc. 

The above two are the only villages in the township, the other portions be- 
ing entirely rural districts. 

Newton & Thompson' s ivood-turning ivorks, located at Forestdale, were es- 
tablished in 1856, and now employ 100 men. In 1877 the works were twice 


destroyed by fire, and during the same season damaged to the extent of sev- 
eral thousand dollars, by flood. 

The Sprague Counter and Stay Company, located at Brandon village, was 
organized in July of 1879. The business has since been steadily increasing, 
and the firm exj)ects soon to be employing about two hundred hands in the 
manufacture of shoe counters and corset stays. 

The First National Bank of Brandon was organized in 1864, and com- 
menced operations on the first day of May following, with a capital of $50,- 
000. It now has a $100,000.00 surplus fund, after having paid, up to date, 
(April 15, '81,) $245,000 in dividends. Nathan T. Sprague is president of 
the institution, and H. C. Copeland, cashier. 

The Brandon. National Bank has been in successful business operation 
many years, having a capital of $200,000.00. Erastus D. Thayer is president ; 
Cyrus Jennings, vice-president, and Frank E. Briggs, cashier. 

The Brafidon Statuary Marble Co., of Brandon village, was organized in 
1865. The quarry had been worked previous to this by E. D. Selden and 
others ; it is now owned by C. W. Bishop, and when in operation employs 
about 100 men, with Dudley C. Brown as superintendent. 

The Brandon Mining Co.'s Works, located on road 27, corner 28, was es- 
tablished for the manufacture of mineral paint and kaolin, in 1855. The 
mineral was discovered by Fuller & Green, who commenced the manufacture 
of wrought iron here many years ago, and by washing the ore, the ocher, or 
paint pigment, was discovered. It is taken from the mine in its crude state, 
mixed with refuse matter, and after being broken up and thoroughly washed, 
it is with water carried down a sluice, the worthless material in the form of 
pebbles, iron ore, sand, etc., settles to the bottom, and the substance valuable 
for paint is held in solution, and carried by spouts and deposited in large vats. 
Here it is suffered to remain, and the paint settles to the bottom. The water 
is then drawn off and the process is repeated until a sufficient deposit has ac- 
cumulated in the vats to undertake the drying process. This is accomplished 
by first allowing the sediment in the vats to become, by the action of the sun's 
rays, of the consistency of thick mud or clay, when it is cut or shoveled into 
pieces about the size of bricks, and laid upon shelves to dry in buildings pre- 
pared for the purpose. When perfectly dry it is run through a crushing mill, 
and packed in barrels for the market. This paint is very similar to the cele- 
brated French ocher, and has met with a large demand from various sections 
of the country. By placing the lumps of yellow ocher in ovens and calcin- 
ing them, red ocher is made, of a quality closely resembling Venetian red. 

Kaolin, or paper clay, as it is sometimes called, in process of manufacture, 
is similar to that of ocher, except that it does not undergo the grinding pro- 
cess, but is fit for market as soon as it is dry. The kaolin manufactured here 
is principally used in the manufacture of paper, for "stuffing," giving a smooth 
surface and additional weight to paper; it is mixed with the pulp, and but a 
small per cent, is lost by the subsequent process of manufacture. This com- 


pany employs about 30 men, and manufactures about 1,000 tons of paint and 
500 tons of kaolin per annum. The works are owned by Messrs. James 
Havemyer, H. R. Conklin and Samuel J. French, of New York City. 

The Brandon Kaolin and Paint Co.'s Works, located on road 27, about 
two miles east of Brandon village and one mile south of Forestdale, were es- 
tablished in 1865. They manufacture about 1,000 tons per annum and em- 
ploy 20 men. The paint varies in color from very light yellow to dark yellow 
and dark red, and light and dark brown. David W. Prime is president of 
the company. 

The Eagle Foundry was established in 1867, by Payne, Christie & Hendry. 
In 1875 M^- John Christie bought out his partners and now carries on the 
business alone. He manufactures plows, cultivators, brackets, plant stands, 
match boxes, etc., giving employment to ten men. 

Churchill Saw Mill, located on Mill River, was built in 1850, by M. H. 
Churchill, and is now owned by G. H. Churchill, who manufactures about 
5,000 feet of lumber per day. 

Durkee's sa^c and planing mill, located at Brandon village, employs three 
men and manufactures 500,000 feet of lumber and 200,000 shingles per year. 
It is operated by water power. 

The first tree felled in the township of Brandon, (then Neshobe,) with a 
view to settlement, was in the month of October, 1772, by Amos Cut- 
ler. April 5, 1773, John Ambler and David June, his son-in-law, came into 
town from Stamford, Ct., and made their "pitch" jointly, south of and ad- 
joining Mr. Cutler, and extending, as it was afterwards surveyed, to near the 
north line of Pittsfield. These were followed by Josiah Powers, Elisha 
Strong, Thomas Tuttle, Joseph Barker, John Mott, George and Aaron Rob- 
ins, Benjamin Powers, Jonathan Ferris, Joshua Goss and Samuel Kelsey ; all 
but the last two are supposed to have come previous to the Revolution. 

The organization, by the choice of the necessary officers, took place Octo- 
ber 7, 1784. The law then in force required that such proceedings should 
take place at the time of the annual town meeting, which was then, as now, 
held in March, but the Legislature, then about to meet at Rutland, soon after 
confirmed their proceedings by a special Act. 

The massacre spoken of as giving rise to the name of Burnt Town, oc- 
curred in 1777, the township being then visited by a party of Indians, who 
killed two men, George and Aaron Robins, and made prisoners of most of 
the inhabitants, and set fire to their dwellings and to a saw mill which they 
had erected. Joseph Barker, his wife, and a child eighteen months old, were 
among the prisoners. The next night, with no other shelter than the trees 
of the forest and the canopy of heaven, and with no other company than the 
infant above named, she gave birth to another child. She was found the fol- 
lowing day and removed with her children to Pittsford. 

Mr. Barker was carried to Middlebury, where, feigning himself sick, he suc- 
ceeded during the night in making his escape, and arrived safely at Pittsford. 


The farm whereon the Robins brothers were killed is located on road 23, 
and is occupied by Nelson B. Wheeler, and owned by N. T. Sprague. They 
were buried where they fell, and after many years their remains were taken 
up, and amid imposing ceremonies, on one 4th of July, buried in the old cem- 
etery at Brandon village. 

Amos Cutler, the first white man ever known to have passed a winter in 
town, came from Hampton, Conn., settling on road 45, upon the farm now 
owned by Josiah Rosseter. Here he made an " opening " and built a log 
cabin, which he occupied "solitary and alone "during the next winter, having 
no other companion than a faithful dog. He was then 23 years old and sin- 
gle. In the fall following, he returned to Hampton and was married to Amy, 
daughter of Jacob Simonds, November 23, 1773. As a fruit of this marriage 
there was born unto them two sons and four daughters. He died March 18, 
1 81 8, on the old farm where he had resided 46 years. 

David June came to Brandon from Stamford, Conn., in 1773, in company 
with his father-in-law, John Ambler. They made a joint " pitch " in the south 
part of the township, to which Mr. June added, by subsequent purchases, 
making in the whole 225 acres, which comprised his homestead at the time 
of his death. Mr. Ambler died in about three years after he arrived in town. 
Mr. June was born September 9, 1746, and married to Prudence Ambler in 
Stamford, she dying April 17, 1797, aged 45. His son, Stephen, was the first 
male child born in the town that hved, born September 11, 1774, and resided 
here until his death, which occurred February 10, 186 1, he being 86 years of 
age. David's education, Hke most farmers of that day, was quite deficient, 
yet his sound judgment, good sense and unshaken integrity, rendered him 
exceedingly useful in the management of town business, and he was one of 
the first selectmen. He died on the 24th of June, 1819, in the 74th year of 
his age. 

Jedediah Winslow came to Brandon in 1778, from Barre, Mass., settling 
on the north-east side of Otter Creek, near the road leading from the village 
to the Blackmer bridge. He was a man of great physical powers, being tall and 
of large limbs, was remarkably shrewd, good natured and a great manager in 
the perilous times of the Revolution. At the formation of the Congregational 
Church, in 1785,, he was the first deacon, and for several years, until they had 
a pastor, he took charge of the worship. Mr. Winslow died April 5, 1794, 
aged 69. 

Micah Brown came to Brandon from Ashford, Conn., settUng at an early 
date in what is now the village of Brandon, on the place now owned by 
Hiram Blackmer. His daughter, Mary, married Chauncey Capron, and is 
now living in Brandon, at the age of 65. Mr. Brown was a major of militia, 
and, like other pioneers, endured many hardships. 

David Merriam came from Walpole, N. H., in 1787, settling on road 3, upon 
the farm now owned by Wrn. H. Williams. He was twice married, his first 
wife, Phoebe Foster, dying April 7, 1794, aged 30. His second wife, Betsey 


Conant, a sister of John Conant, died in June, 1842, aged 67. Mr. Mer- 
riam was a hatter, but early in the history of the town gave up the trade 
entirely, and gave his whole attention to farming. He died March 26, 1826, 
aged 62. He was an active and useful member of the Baptist Church, of 
which he was for a long time, and until his death, a deacon. He was a 
selectman several years, and held various other town offices. Two of his 
sons, Isaac and Jonathan, became Baptist ministers. 

Edward Cheney came to Brandon from Dublin, N. H., in 1782, setthng 
upon the land east, and not far from the spot where the marble-mill now 
stands, on road 1 6^. Mr. Cheney came to the town on an ox-sled, his family 
making the eighth then in town. He successfully cultivated a large tract of 
land, making his own farming tools, wagons, household furniture, etc. He 
was an influential citizen, and was for many years deacon and clerk of the 
Baptist Church. Of his family of eight children, four settled in Brandon. 
There were at one time eight families of Cheneys in town ; but there is now 
only the family of J. W. Cheney, who resides on the homestead of his father, 
Samuel Cheney. David died suddenly of the epidemic of that season, Jan. 
24, 1 8 13, aged 64 years. His widow died March 19, 1 841, aged 88. Of 
the children of J. W. Cheney, Albert, the oldest, was a volunteer in the 
Union Army, and died at sea, February 17, 1865, while on his way to join 
the 7th Vt. Regiment at New Orleans. Edward Cheney was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary war, having volunteered to take his father-in-law's place, 
Ezekiel Hale, of Stowe, Mass., who was drafted. Elijah Cheney, son of 
Edward, was a soldier in the war of 181 2, and was with others taken prisoner 
by the British, at Black Rock, near Buffalo, N. Y., and from there taken to 
Hahfax, N. S., where he spent a winter of terrible suffering from cold and 
hunger. Samuel Cheney, also son of Edward, was a member of the miHtia, 
and started for the defence of Plattsburg. The Brandon Co. at that time 
numbered 70 men, under the captaincy of Micah Brown. It was called out 
by order of General Strong, the Governor having refused to respond to the 
call for aid. The company being detained at Charlotte about crossing the 
Lake, they did not reach Burlington until the battle had begun, and so were 
ordered to remain there, as they might be needed for the defence of that 

Joshua Goss came to Brandon from Montague, Mass., in 1783, settling 
near the June place, where he resided about thirteen years, and then bought 
of Noah Strong, for ^480, 180 acres, the well known Goss place, where he 
long kept a public house, and which is now the town farm. Mr. Goss died 
in December, 1826, aged 75 years. 

Salathiel Patch came to Brandon from Mt. Holly, at an early date, settling 
upon the farm now owned by Henry W. Patch, located on road 19. He 
was a son of John Patch, one of the early settlers of Mt. Holly, having set- 
tled near the foot of Patch's Pond. 

Jacob Farrington, from Kinderhook. N. Y.. came to Brandon in 1786, set- 


tling upon the farm now owned by his grandson, P'rankUn Farrington, located 
about one mile north of Brandon village, on road 36. Here he resided until 
his death, which occurred on March 13, 1808, aged 79 years. His son, Dan'l 
Farrington, was born in the state of New York, May 31, 1773, being about 
13 years old when his father moved to Brandon. Here young Farrington was 
devoted to agricultural pursuits for several years, and during these years of 
severe, yet honorable toil, laid the foundation of his after success as a man. 
In 1808 he was elected as lieutenant of the mihtia, and entered upon a new 
life. Hitherto he had been chiefly engaged in home and private concerns, 
but he was now called upon to participate in state and national affairs. Dif- 
ficulties had grown up between the United States and Great Britain, a rup- 
ture between the two governments was anticipated, and the commercial rela- 
tions of the two countries were seriously disturbed. The sm.uggHng business 
led to frequent encounters between the smugglers and custom house offi- 
cers, in some of which blood was shed and lives lost. In the first serious 
affray of this kind, Mr. Farrington was an actor. On the 30th of May, 1808, 
he received orders to repair to the line between the States and Canada, for 
the purpose of sustaining the famous embargo laws. He complied with the 
request and was stationed at Windmill Point, one and a half miles from 
Rouse's Point. In August of this year a guard of eighteen men were placed 
in his command with orders to pursue and take a smuggling vessel called the 
Black Snake. After reconnoitering the islands in the lake, the vessel was dis- 
cerned and taken in the Winooski, a short distance from Burlington. In the 
7nelee several men were killed, and Lieutenant Farrington was seriously 
wounded in both arms, near the shoulder. One ball struck his forehead, pass- 
ing over his head, grazing him in its passage and leaving him for a time com- 
pletely senseless. Several of the smugglers were secured and safely lodged in 
the jail at Burlington. After due process of law three of them were sentenced 
to the State's Prison for ten years, and one by the name of Dean was hung. 
In this encounter Lieut. Farrington showed great intrepidity and coolness, his 
character as a man of uiettle and courage was fairly established. From this 
time to the close of the war of 1812, he was more or less engaged in active 
service as a soldier. On the first day of February, 18 15, he received his com- 
mission as Captain, the said commission being dated from the 13th day of 
April, 1 813. It is now in as good a state of preservation as though it were 
issued but yesterday. It is printed on parchment, and contains splendid auto- 
graphs of the Secretary of War, James Monroe, and of the President, James 
Madison. After the war of 1812, Mr. Farrington returned to Brandon and 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits, in which he was quite successful. He 
was much respected and held various offices in the gift of the town, until his 
death in 1865. 

Joshua Field, son of Gaines and Sarah (Holton) Field, was bom in North- 
field, Mass., in 1746. In the year 1786 he removed to Brandon, setthng up- 
on the farm now owned by Burgess P. Field, on road i. He was a Revolu- 



tionary soldier, serving in the New Hampshire Militia, and was at the Battle 
of Bennington. He died on the old homestead in Brandon, on the 26th of 
March, 1837, aged 91. Of his children, four now reside in Brandon, as 
follows : Stearns J. Field, Burgess P. Field, Caroline J. Wing, (widow of S. 
Davis,) and Mahala M. Baker, (wife of John L.) who now resides on Carver 
street. His son, Paul, was killed by an ox, October 21, 1834. Stearns J., 
son of Paul, in 1863, crossed the plains to Idaho, where he was engaged in 
carrying the mail from Bannock City to Salt Lake City, a distance of 500 miles. 
To perform this journey he used one mule and a horse. The object of thus 
oddly matching the animals was for the reason that when separated they 
would not whinney for each other, and thus, mayhap, expose him to the In- 
dians. He was often pursued by Indians, and twice severely wounded by 
them. He returned to Brandon November 12, 1866, where he still resides. 
John Townsend came to Brandon in the year 1800, and located upon the 
farm now owned by his son John, Jr. Mr. Townsend married Eunice Howe, 
the union being blessed with seven children — three sons and four daughters. 
John Jr. was born on the old homestead, February 20, 1807, and has resided 
there most of the time since. He married Abby Johnson, by whom he had 
a family of five children, three of whom, daughters, are still living. 

Samuel Burnell came to Brandon from Woodstock, Conn., in 1788, and 
settled on road 6, corner 7, upon the place now owned by his granddaughter, 
Sophia Ford. Mr. Burnell started for Brandon in March, 1787, arriving in 
Tinmouth on the i6th of March, where he remained one year, when he came 
to Brandon and built a log house a little west of the town farm. He was a 
resident of the township for more than half a century, was a Revolutionary 
soldier, member of the State Legislature and justice of the peace for many 
years, and respected by all. He died July 5, 1838, aged 80 years. His son 
Asa resided with the old people until their death, when the property reverted 
to him, and is now in the possession of his daughter Sophia. 

Jabez Lyon came to Brandon from Woodstock, Conn., at an early date, and 
settled in the north part of the township, on road 6. Mrs. Lucy Spaulding, 
who now resides on Park street, at Brandon village, is a daughter of Jabez, 
and 84 years of age. She said her father resided in Brandon several years 
before her birth. Jabez was an upright man and much respected. He died 
March 16, 1843, aged 87. 

Zephaniah Hack came to Brandon, from Taunton, Mass., in 1800. He 
settled upon the farm now owned by Sardis Hack, on road 42. Here he 
resided until his death, which occurred July 22, 1847, ^•t the age of 83 years. 

Silas Keeler came to Brandon from Chittenden in 1796. He leased the 
farm now in possession of Silas J. Keeler, on road 32, for a term, — "as long 
as wood grows and water runs." Here he resided until his death, which 
occurred August 16, 1845, i^ the 73rd year of his age. 

Samuel Capron came from Mass. to Brandon, about the year 1805, and 
settled upon the farm now owned by his son, Chauncey, who is at present in 


his 74th year, having spent nearly his whole hfetime on this farm. Samuel 
lived to see his seventy-fifth year, when he died upon the farm where he had 
settled. Chauncey has in his possession a gun which was used by his great 
grandfather, Jabez Lyon, Sr., in the Revolution. He has also several other 
relics, among which are button and spoon moulds, and a wooden canteen, 
(barrel shaped), which were owned by his great grandfather, Benj. Capron! 
who was one of the first settlers of Rutland. 

John Knowlton came to Brandon from Whenem, Essex Co., N. Y. in 
1815, and settled here permanently in 1823. He was a carpenter, residing in 
Brandon village. His sons, Juhus A. and Gardner J., still reside in the town. 
N. T. Sprague was born at Pomfret, (now Hanson) Mass., Jan. 23, 1786. 
At the age of thirteen he moved with his parents to Cavendish, Vt.' where 
he resided a few years and then lived several years at Plymouth. ' At the age 
of 22 he commenced business for himself in Mt. Holly. He was for twenty- 
five years a merchant in that place, kept a hotel twelve years, and was at the 
same time extensively engaged in agricultural pursuits, owning at one time 
five hundred acres of land in a body. He filled, at various times, acceptably 
and honorably, all the oflices of that town in the gift of the people. He re- 
moved to Brandon in 1832. Having already amassed a fortune by his superior 
business ability, and by the practice of those old-fashioned virtues, industry, 
frugality and economy, he at once took a high rank among the wealthiest 
citizens, and was ever after prominent in the banking and other financial 
affairs of the town. He was director of the old Brandon Bank, and president 
of the First National Bank, till he was succeeded by his son, Hon. N. T. 
Sprague, Jr. He represented the town of Brandon in the Legislature for 
five years, making in all nineteen years of legislative experience. He was 
for several years one of the assistant judges of Rutland County. He voted 
eighteen times for President of the United States. He died at the residence 
of his daughter, Mrs. R. V. Marsh, in 1876, in the 91st year of his age. 

Rodney V. Marsh, the second son of Daniel and Mary Marsh, of Claren- 
don, was born July 11, 1807. After receiving his academical education, he 
came to Rutland and read law with Rodney C. Royce. He was admitted 
to the Rutland County Bar in 1832, and came immediately to Brandon 
where he opened an office for the practice of his profession, and where he 
resided over forty years. In 1834 he married Eliza E., daughter of Hon. N. 
T. Sprague, who still resides in Brandon. Mr. Marsh early identified him- 
self with the temperance cause, and sustained by his own strict course what 
he recommended to others. He also early identified himself with the anti- 
slavery cause; and was found in the 7miguard of the anti-slavery ranks some 
forty years ago. For three years in succession he was elected by the citizens 
of Brandon as representative to the General Assembly, where he was prom- 
inent, and at that time attracted much public attention. He continued to 
be a prominent member of society up to the time of his death, which occur- 
red at his residence in Brandon, on the evening of Friday, March 8, 1872, 
aged nearly 65 years. 


John Conant, a native of Ashburnham, Mass., was born February 2, 1773. 
He came to Brandon in 1796, and purchased of Simeon King and Joseph 
HawJey, "one-half the mills and water power in the village," for the consider- 
ation of ;{,"i6o; deed bearing date December 23, 1796. He had served an 
apprenticeship to the trade of carpenter and joiner, and the knowledge thus 
acquired, added to superior mechanical talents, was of great service to him 
in the important business which he established, and in superintending the 
valuable buildings and works of his own, erected in after years. By subse- 
quent purchases he became the proprietor of the entire water-power in the 
village. In 1816 he built the stone grist mill, still standing at the head of 
the lower falls ; and in 1839, he erected the brick mill below it, which at 
that time was one of the best structures of the kind in the State. In 1820 
he erected the furnace in the village, the first blast of which was made in 
October of that year. To this establishment, long and familiarly known as 
"Conant's Furnace," is the village of Brandon chiefly indebted for the im- 
petus then given, and for its continuous growth and prosperity. No man's 
name, perhaps, has been more intimately associated with the town of Bran- 
don than that of John Conant ; not however on account of the public 
positions he has held, but from the nature, extent, and successful prosecu- 
tion of his business operations for a long series of years, which gave employ- 
ment to a large number of persons. He died June 30, 1856, in his 84th 
year. His sons, C. W. and John A., continued for many years in active 
business after their father's retirement. John A., now over 80 years of age, 
is living here in quiet leisure, honored and respected for his many virtues. 

The Town Farm of Brandon is located on road 7, and contains about 150 
acres. At present there are nine paupers who are supported here at the 
town's expense, of which three are insane. Charles H. Colson is the 

Stephen A. Douglass was born in Brandon village, in the house now owned 
by Mary F. C. Hyatt, on Grove street. Stephen's father died when Stephen 
was an infant, dying suddenly of heart disease while holding Stephen in his 
arms. He attended school at the old school-house on Park street, until he 
was about 15 years of age, when he went away to school and never resided in 
town afterwards. Among the last of his school days in Brandon, he boarded 
at the house of John Knowlton. His sister Sarah afterward attended school 
in town and boarded at Knowlton's house. She subsequently married a man 
by the name of Julius Granger and removed with him to Western New York. 

The pleasantly located building at Brandon village, now occupied by the 
Brandon Graded School, was erected about fifty years ago, under the auspices 
of the Baptist denomination of this State, who estabhshed the school that the 
children of its members might receive a higher education in a school con- 
trolled by the Church ; but more especially it was to be a nursery for young 
men preparing for the ministry. The school was the object of much hope 
and solicitude on the part of the Baptists of the State, and the project was 
fondly entertained of ultimately making it a theological school. 


The State was thoroughly canvassed in its behalf, and its friends contributed 
liberally. The citizens of Brandon village, without distinction of sect sub- 
scribed a large sum. The venerable Dea. John Conant and his sons, C. W 
and J. A., then in active business in Brandon, contributed the largest sum' 
The school was incorporated as the "Vermont Literary and Scientific Insti- 
tute." This cumbrous title soon fell into disuse, and it was known by the 
name of "The Brandon Seminary." In its early years the school was well 
patronized by the denomination which estabhshed it, counting among its stu- 
dents, representatives from nearly all the Baptist churches in the State and 
also being well patronized by the town and vicinity. But like some other 
sectarian schools of that Church, in a few years it faded, and as a denomina- 
tional school It ceased to be an object of much interest to that Church 

During the remainder of its existence it was sustained as a local academic 
school, after having a principal of some other faith. Finally, about the year 
1865, the project of converting it into a graded school began to be agitated 
It was found by the terms of the charter, the property could not be sold. So 
after much consultation of authorities and several meetings of the trustees it 
was resolved by them to /ease the building and grounds to the village for a 
term of 999 years. The building was hterally reconstructed, it being arranged 
in SIX large and well furnished school-rooms. In addition to these there were 
recitation and reception rooms, and laboratory, all being heated by steam, and 
with all modern improvements, at a cost of about $22,000. The school was 
opened with a fine corps of teachers on the ist of September, 1868, since 
which time it has been in a flourishing condition. 

The Brandon Library Association was formed November 27, 1862, and 
about 130 volumes purchased for a library. After a struggle for life, the Asso- 
ciation ceased to be and did not meet for a period of four years. On January 
25, 1869, the Hbrary, by vote of the Association, was turned over to the Far- 
mers and Mechanics Club, who have from time to time added to it, until now 
it contains about eight hundred volumes of choice standard works. 

The Farmers and Mechanics Club was organized in the winter of 1862-3 and 
met at the houses of the different members, on the itinerant plan; the evening 
being spent m comparing notes and conversing on the various matters pertain- 
ing to agriculture and mechanics. On the 7th day of Nov., 1872, the General 
Assembly passed an act of incorporation, giving the Club the privileges usuallv 
accorded to organizations of this kind. A Fair is held every fall, when a large 
display of agricultural products and implements may be seen. The roll of 
members has numbered three hundred; but by deaths, removals, etc., the 
number has been reduced, but the interest is still maintained. 

There are eight diff-erent places where the inhabitants of Brandon have 
buried their dead, though several of them have long since been closed. 

The first interments were made on the "June Farm," so called, in the south 
part of the township. Here we find many quaint inscriptions on the tomb- 
stones, among which is the following :—" In memory of John Ambler who 


died May 5, 1776, in the 426 year of his age. Also of Sarah, the wife of 
John Ambler, who died July 14, 1785, in the 55th year of her age. 

"pray Children call as you pass by. 
And learn by us that you Must die ; 
We once in life Was blithe and gay, 
but Now Are Mouldering into Clay." 

In Sugar Hollow, in the south-east part of the township, there is another 
old burial place, long since closed. Another was located on the farm of 
Abraham Gilber, one of the early settlers, and now in the possession of A. S. 
Cook, Esq., is still open for interments. 

The burial ground in Brandon village was opened about the year 1793, and 
has become so full that it is now seldom used for interments. 
In Forestdale there is another burial place often frequented. 
In 1856 the Pine Hill Cemetery was opened with appropriate religious 
ceremonies, in connection with the burial of Isaac F. Merriam, M. D., the 
first tenant of the cemetery proper. The ample and attractive grounds of 
this cemetery were the gift of John A. Conant, Esq. Recently, a Receiving 
Tomb was constructed at the expense of Mrs. E. E. Marsh, who presented it 
to the town. 

In 1877 the ladies of Brandon village formed themselves into a society 
known as the "Ladies Cemetery Association," for the purpose of raising funds 
to improve the cemetery grounds. About $1,300.00 have been raised since 
that time, of which $900 have already been expended in and about the ceme- 
tery, in building a wall, fountain, etc. The young ladies of the Association 
procured three hundred dollars, which was used in the purchase of gates for 
the grounds. 

In addition to those already mentioned, the Roman Catholics have two 
localities, more exclusively their own, pleasantly situated and well cared 

St Thomas Protestant Episcopal Church, located at Brandon village, was 
organized June 15, 1839, by Royal Blake, Benj. F. Green, Charles Backus, 
Edward Sherman, Francis Webb, Charles Webb and James Briggs, seven 
members in all, Rev. Josiah Perry being the first pastor. The parish had no 
church edifice at this time, but soon afterward bought the upper room in the 
old Town Hall, (now Engle's Block,) and fitted it up for a chapel, with chan- 
cel, altar, lecterns and organ. The congregation used this chapel until the 
present church edifice was erected (1863). It is built of stone, Gothic style, 
and will seat comfortably 250 persons, the original cost being about $3,500, 
and is now, together with the grounds, valued at $8,000. The parish at 
present numbers about 100 communicants, with Rev. Henry Bedinger as 

Thf. Methodist Episcopal Church, located at Brandon village, was organ- 
ized in 1 80 1, by Daniel Pomeroy, with Elder Hulbert as pastor, and but few 
members. The membership has since increased to 135, with George W. 


Brown for their present pastor. The present church edifice was erected in 
1874, and is a commodious building, capable of seating 350 persons, and 
cost $13,000. The whole Church property is now valued at about $20,000. 

The Congregational Churchy located at Brandon village, was organized 
September 23, 1785, by Rev. Mr. Sell, of Dorset, and consisted of Jedediah 
VVinslow and nine others. Mr. Winslow vvas the first deacon, and took 
charge of the services for several years, until their first pastor, Rev. Enos 
Bhss was settled. The first meeting-house was built of logs and stood near 
the center of the town. About 1797 or '98, the second house was erected 
upon the site now occupied by the present church. When nearly completed, 
it took fire and burned down ; upon the old foundations they erected 
another, which yielded satisfactory accommodations until 1831. In April of 
that year the old church was demolished, preparatory to laying the foundation 
of the present brick structure. Its dimensions are 75 by 52 feet, and cost 
about $5,000. In 1858 it was thoroughly repaired at a cost of $3,000, and 
is now a neat commodious structure, capable of seating 450 persons. Rev. 
Walter Rice is the present pastor. 

St. Mary's Catholic Church.^ located at Brandon village, was organized by 
Rev, J. Queillon, in 1853, it then consisting of 60 families. The church 
building was erected in 1853, and much enlarged and embellished in 1858, 
so that it is now capable of seating 550 persons. The society at present 
consists of about 75 famihes, with J. C. McLaughhn as pastor. 

Grace Episcopal Church, located at Forestdale, was organized by Royal 
Blake and others in 1842, with a membership of 12, and Rev. Mr. Perry as 
rector. The church building was erected in 1851, at a cost of $5,000, and 
is capable of seating 250 persons. The property has greatly depreciated in 
value, the whole at present being valued at only $3,000. The society now 
consists of about 25 members, with no regular pastor. 

The Baptist Church, located at Brandon village, was organized, 1785, con- 
sisting of twelve members. In 1789 Mr. Isaac Webb was called to ordina- 
tion and settlement, the first pastor of the church and the first minister set- 
tled in the town. His pastorate was followed by that of twelve others succes- 
sively, the last of which has just terminated, the society being now without a 
pastor. In its infancy the society held their meetings in dwelling houses, with 
only occasional preaching. In 1 790 a log house was constructed and occupied 
as a place of worship until 1800, when a commodious frame house was erected 
and occupied until 1832, when their present substantial brick edifice was 
completed and opened for use. The original cost of the structure, including 
the expense of its late reconstruction and improvement, may be estimated at 
$14,000, and the present value of church property, including buildings, 
$15,000. The seating capacity of the building will accomodate about four 
hundred and fifty persons. The present membership of the society is one 
hundred and sixty-five 


|BASTLET0N is located in the western part of the county, in lat. 43° 
■^^ 34' and long. 3° 56' east from Washington, and bounded north by 
w Hubbardton, east by Ira, south by Poultney, and west by Fairhaven, 
and a part of Benson ; the charter was granted to Samuel Brown, of Stock- 
bridge, Mass., by Gov. Wentvvorth, of New Hampshire, September 22, 
1 76 1, and although granted to him there is no evidence that he ever acted 
with the proprietors, or that he ever retained any interest in the township. 
The original proprietors were principally from Sahsbury, Conn., of whom one 

was named Castle, a heavy proprietor, and from whom the township 

probably takes its name. In 1767, Cols. Amos Bird and Noah Lee surveyed 
the town and allotted the usual seventy shares, with five reserved for public 
purposes according to custom, and eleven years after this, March, 1777, it 
was organized, with Jesse Belknap as first town clerk. 

The surface is diversified by hill, mountain, plain, lake, river and rill, has a 
salubrious climate, pure water, beautiful scenery, and in fact, every attribute 
for making it what it is, one of the most desirable and important towns of the 
county. The eastern portion is broken and mountainous, but still retains 
many fertile valleys, while the verdure of the mountain sides gives sustenance 
to large herds of cattle and sheep. Most of the western, and part of the 
southern section is a plain of the most fertile soil, though in some places in- 
tersected by slate-rock and ridges of slate-gravel. The rocks are chiefly 
argillaceous, occasionally traversed by veins of quartz, and again alternating 
with, or enclosing large masses of the latter rock; small quantities of second- 
ary hme-stone are found in a few localities. Specimens of oxyd of manga- 
nese are found in the south-east part of the town. The rocks are disposed 
in elevated ridges in the eastern and northern sections, and in some places 
abrupt and precipitous, but for most part covered with fertile arable soil. 
The whole is watered by a number of streams, the most considerable of 
which is Castleton River, which flows across the southern part, receiving the 
waters of Lake Bomoseen, into Fairhaven, where it joins Poultney River. 
Near the central part of Castleton it is joined by a mill-stream of some con- 
siderable size, called North Britain Branch. The outlet of the lake has 
sufficient fall to afford a very good mill-privilege. " Bomoseen " is supposed 
to be an Indian name, meaning " pleasant water" ; apt and poetical it is too, 
as indeed most Indian names are, for the lake and its surroundings are in- 
deed beautiful. It lies in the western part, extending across nearly the whole 
length of the town, and a short distance into Hubbardton ; it is eight miles 
long, and two and a half wide at its greatest breadth, lying in a basin of 
rocks, and in some parts of great depth. An island containing an area of 
about ten acres is situated near the centre, covered with small trees and 
shrubs, affording a charming summer resort for parties of pleasure, and 
adding much to the beauty of the scenery. 

Under the auspices of the Rutland County Historical Society and the 
citizens of Rutland County, a celebration was held on Mason's Point, July 4, 



1 88 1, for the purpose of conferring a name upon this Island, about fifteen 
thousand people being present. Hon. J. B. Bromley, of Castleton, was 
chosen president, and Hon. Henry Clark, of Rutland, chairman of the his- 
torical exercises. The following was the order of proceedings : — 

" ist, Music by the cornet bands of Castleton and West Rutland; 2d, 
Prayer by Rev. E. T. Hooker, of Castleton; 3d, Opening Address by 
Hon. Henry Clark, of Rutland ; 4th, Address of Welcome by L. W. Red- 
dington, of Rutland; 5th, Reply by Dr. James Sanford, of Castleton; 6th, 
History of the Island, by Dr. John M. Currier, of Castleton ; 7th, Reminis- 
cences of Lake Bomoseen, by Dr. A. T. Woodward, of Brandon; 8th, His- 
torical Address by A. N. Adams, of Fairhaven ; gth. Poem in the Welsh 
language, by Roland Walters, of Castleton; loth, Poem by James Hope, of 
Watkins Glen, N. Y. ; nth, Early Military History of the region around 
Lake Bomoseen, by Henry Hall, of Rutland; 12th, Proposal of the name 
NESHOBE, for the Island, George M. Fuller, of Fairhaven; 13th, Address 
upon the appropriateness of the name, by Capt. Abel E. Leavenworth ; 
14th, Adoption of the name, by cheers from the crowd, music by the bands, 
firing of salutes, waving of flags, and breaking a bottle of milk upon the rocks 
of the Island." 

On the east side of the lake is a very pleasantly situated hotel, called the 
Pic-Nic House, connected by steamboat with the R. R. Depot at Hydeville, 
which is much resorted to by pic-nic parties and pleasure seekers ; it was 
built in 1876, and is still owned by Marquis Bixby. 

In 1880 Castleton had a population of 3,605 '> '^ was divided into twelve 
school districts, with fourteen common schools, employing four male and 
nineteen female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $-,335.30. There were 
533 pupils attending the schools, and the entire cost of the schools for the 
year ending October 30th, was $2,667.79, with Mr. J. E. Metcalf, superin- 

The Delaware and Hudson Canal Co's R. R. crosses the southern part of 
the town from east to west, and at Castleton village is intersected by the 
Rutland and Washington R. R. from the south. 

Castleton, a post village and station on the D. & H. C. Co's R. R., is very 
pleasantly situated on the southern bank of Castleton River, on a level plain, 
elevated about thirty feet above the stream. Main street, extending east 
and west, crossed at right angles by South street, form the two principal 
streets. The dwellings, about 150 in number, are remarkable for a uniform 
neatness and convenience. In the village are four houses of worship, a 
town-hall, a dozen or more stores, and the Rutland County Grammar School 
building, beautifully situated at the head of Seminary street. (See Cut, 
opposite page 97.) 

As early as the year 1786, the citizens of Castleton initiated plans for the 
establishment of a grammar school. The money was raised, a building was 
erected a little to the east of the present site of the Methodist church, the 
land having been donated for the purpose by Samuel Moulton, and a school 
was begun. 

October 15, 1787, the General Assembly passed the following Act: — 


" Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont ; That 
the place for keeping a County Grammar School, in and for Rutland County, 
shall be at the house commonly known by the name of the New School 
House, near Doctor William Wolcott's, in said Castleton : Provided, That 
the County of Rutland shall not be at any cost or charge in completing 
or repairing the same." 

The school was continued in this building until 1800, when it was con- 
sumed by fire, and it is authentically stated to have been the third school, 
in order of time, of this grade, estabhshed within the limits of the State. 

Another and a larger building was soon erected, and on October 29, 1805, 
an Act was passed by the General Assembly, entitled " An Act confirming a 
Grammar School in the county of Rutland," and the Rev. Elihu Smith, the 
Hon. James Witherell, and the Messrs. Chauncy Langdon, Aruna W. Hyde, 
Theophilus Flagg, Samuel Shaw, James Gilmore, Amos Thompson, John 
Mason, Enos Merrill, and Isaac Clark, were constituted a board of trustees 
under the title, " The Corporatioti of Rutland County Grammar School^ 
March 11, 1807, RoUin C. Mallory was elected twelfth trustee, thus filling 
the Board. 

Sec. 3 of the Act reads as follows : — 

"And it is hereby further enacted, that the house in Castleton, lately 
erected on the spot where stood the school-house for said County which was 
lately consumed by fire, be, and is hereby established as a County Grammar 
School-house for said County, so long as the inhabitants of said Castleton 
shall keep the same, or any other house at the same place, in good repair for 
the purpose aforesaid, to the acceptance of the County Court for said 

Save a limited amount of the subscriptions for the purchase of the brick 
building now used by the school, and the rents accruing from Grammar 
School lands, the entire expense incurred for buildings provided for the use 
of this school has been met from the first by the generous citizens of 

Rev. OHver Hulbert was preceptor of the school until 1807, when he re- 
signed and settled as a minister in Ohio. Tradition reports that the school 
was well sustained. R. C. Moulton succeeded him and was followed by 
William Dickinson, Eleazer Barrows, who " was eminently popular and suc- 
cessful," Rev. John L. Cazier and Henry Belknap. 

In 1 81 5 the building was moved further back from the street and repaired 
at much expense. In 1819, Rev. John Clancy, a graduate of Middlebury 
College, taught for one year. In 1820, Mr. Henry Howe became preceptor. 
He remained in charge six years, during which period the school increased in 
numbers and greatly prospered. In 1S26, he became principal of an academy 
at Canandaigua, N. Y., where he achieved a wide reputation. Rev. Edwin 
Hall, D. D., afterwards president of Auburn Theological Seminary, N. Y. 
succeded Mr. Howe. 

In May, 1828, Mr. Solomon Foote, late U. S. Senator from Vermont, was 
chosen preceptor. He entered upon the work with high aspirations. The 


grammar school building becoming too strait for these, he conceived a plan 
for a high school for boys. October 39, 1828, the style of the school was 
changed by Act of the General Assembly to that of "The Vermont Classical 
High School." Through the zealous efforts of Mr. Foote and his associate, 
Mr. Fordice Warner, a spacious edifice was begun, one hundred and sixty 
feet long and forty feet deep, with a massive stone basement, surmounted by 
three stories of brick. Their means failing, Mr. A. W. Hyde generously 
completed the building at a cost of upwards of thirty thousand dollars. 
November ist, 1830, an Act was passed restoring the original corporate 

Mr. Foote did not long continue his school for boys, failing of sufficient 
patronage, and the spacious building fell into the hands of Mr. Aruna W. 
Hyde, who had furnished most of the means for its erection. To turn it to 
a successful and paying purpose tested the business capacity of its owner to 
the utmost. It was tried as a tavern, was used by the Medical College, and 
was offered for sale to several religious denominations, for school purposes. 
In the meantime the Grammar School was in a transition state, with frequent 
change of principals, among whom were Rev. Truman M. Post, D. D., now 
of St. Louis, Mo., Hon. John Meacham, late member of Congress for Ver- 
mont, while the brick building remained unoccupied. Finally, in 1833, the 
Trusteees of the Grammar School rented it for four years at an annual rental 
of four hundred dollars. 

Rev. Charles Walker, D. D., and Rev. Lucius F. Clark, were chosen 
associate principals. From this date the school became a boarding as well 
as a day school. Within one year the number of pupils increased to two 
hundred. At the end of the year Mr. Walker returned to the ministry, while 
Mr. Clark remained in charge until 1837, when, he became Professor of 
Chemistry and Natural History in the University of Tennessee, at Knoxville. 
Rev. Mr. Maeck, for a time his associate, succeeded him as principal. 

March, 1838, the large brick building was purchased of Mr. A. W, Hyde 
for sixteen thousand dollars. From that date it remained in possession of 
the corporation until its purchase by Capt. Abel E. Leavenworth, May, 1881. 

September 3, 1838, Rev. Edward J. Hallock was elected principal, and con- 
tinued at the head of the school until the spring of 1856. Under his man- 
agement the school had an unexampled career of prosperity. He rendered 
valuable service in raising funds to cancel the debt of purchase, Mr. Hyde al- 
lowing thereon three thousand dollars for every thousand raised by Mr. Hal- 
lock. The number of pupils was also increased, reaching at one time as high 
as two hundred and fifty. He afterwards died of cholera at St. Louis, Mo., 
and the Alumni of the school have since erected a fine monument to his 
memory, in the cemetery at Castleton. 

Rev. Azariah Hyde was principal for three years and was succeeded in 
1859 by Rev. Stephen M. Knowlton, now of New Haven, Vermont, who had 
been assistant to Mr. Hyde. In 1862, Miss Harriet N, Haskell, of Walds- 


boro, Maine, a former pupil of the school, was appointed principal, and con- 
ducted the school, under the title of Castleton Seminary, with marked success, 
for five years, when she resigned, to become principal of Monticello Semi- 
nary, at Godfrey, 111. During her last year the Medical College building was 
donated for the use of the school by Carlos S. Sherman, and moved upon its 
present site, at the east end of the Seminary building. 

February, 1857, a State Normal School for the First Congressional District 
was established in connection with the Rutland County Grammar School, by 
the Vermont Board of Education, the Trustees, on their part, expending sev- 
eral thousand dollars in fitting up rooms for its use, and in the refurnishing of 
the main building. Since that date the Medical College has been known as 
the State Normal Building. 

From this date until 1876 two schools were conducted by the same princi- 
pals. Rev. R. G. Williams was in charge until 1874, and labored zealously 
to compel success. Edward J. Hyde, A. M., succeeded him for one year, 
1874-75. R^v- George A. Barrett followed for the year 1875-6. In August, 
1876, the Seminary course was suspended and Walter E. Howard, A. M., be- 
came principal, laboring zealously for two years and doing good work. In 
1878 he accepted an appointment as principal of a normal school in Tennes- 
see, and Judah Dana, A. M., for many years principal, respectively, of the 
graded schools at Woodstock, Windsor and Rutland, was called to the charge 
of the Normal School. He held the position for three years, and under his 
charge the number of pupils was greatly increased. 

In June, 1881, he was succeeded by Abel E. Leavenworth, A. M., a grad- 
uate from the University of Vermont, who has had an experience of over a 
quarter of a century as principal of classical and normal schools. 

By the purchase of the property, the Trustees are relieved of the pecuniary 
embarrassments that have weighed upon the school for several years, and 
greatly hindered its prosperity, and permanency in the principalship is se- 
cured. The general supervision of the school remains, as before, in the 
"Corporation of Rutland County Grammar School," and in the State Super- 
intendent of Education. 

West Castleton, a post village, located in the north-west part of the town, 
contains one store, one church, one slate manufactory and about fifty dwel- 

Castleton Corners is a hamlet located on the old turnpike from Lan- 
singburg, N. Y., to the State hne at Poultney, thence north through Castleton 
to Sudbury. It contains one hotel, one agricultural implement manufactory, 
one blacksmith shop and about twenty to thirty dwellings. 

Hydeville, a post village and station on the D. &. H. C. Co.'s R. R., is 
located on the outlet of Lake Bomoseen. It contains two churches, three 
stores, one fine hotel, one agricultural implement manufactory, one grist- 
mill, two slate manufactories, three wagon shops, two blacksmith shops and 
about fifty dwellings. 


CooKviLLE, a small hamlet, located on the west shore of Lake Bomoseen, 
contains one slate manufactory and about a dozen dwellings. 

The Lake Shore Slate Cotnpany (quarries and manufactory, located at 
West Castleton,) was established as the West Castleton R. R. & Slate Com- 
pany in 1853. In 1878 the name was changed and it has since been known 
as the Lake Shore Slate Co. The quarries are worked to the depth of one 
hundred feet, and have been in operation with little cessation since '52, being 
the oldest in this section. Their mill is 120x60 feet, and operated by water- 
power, where the slate is manufactured into billiard table beds, mantel stock, 
etc. They employ about 60 men in the quarries, etc., the product being to 
the value of $30,000, which, taken together with other branches of their busi- 
ness, will aggregate $40,000 per annum. 

Cliffoi'd 6^ Litchfielcfs Slate Works, located at Cookville, were established 
in 1856. They employ about 35 men and manufacture slate goods to the 
value of $25,000 per annum. 

S. G. Bassetfs saiv-mill, located on North Hubbardton River, was built 
about 1868, and used an upright saw until 1880, when the mill was enlarged 
and a circular saw added. 

Field &= Co! s marble and slate mill, located at Hydeville, is now (June, 
1881) in the process of erection, they having not begun operations yet. 

Shermati 6^ GleasoiUs marble saw-mill, located at Hydeville, is operated by 
contract by James T. Freeman, who employs 14 men and works 12 gangs of 
saws. Freeman was born in Rutland, came to Castleton in 1842, where for 
the last 31 years he has been connected with the firm of Sherman & Gleason. 

Downs iS^ Delehanty s Slate Works, located at Hydeville, were established 
in 1873, and now employ seven men, manufacturing about $8,000.00 worth 
of mantel-stock per annum. 

Billings Slate and Marble Compajiy, located at Hydeville, was incorporated 
March 3, 1879, the company consisting of F. D., C. W., G. H. and L. H. 
Billings, and D. W. Ford; E. D. Billings, president and treasurer, and L. H. 
Billings, secretary. They manufacture about $40,000.00 worth of slate and 
marble goods per annum. 

Uniform Green Slate Company — John J. Jones and Edwin A. Brien — have 
their office in Hydeville, their quarry being situated in the southern part of 
Poultney, where they employ 13 men and manufacture about $500 worth of 
roofing slate per month. 

Benjamin F. Graves' agricultural imploncnt manufactory, located at 
Hydeville, was estabhshed in 187 1. He employs three men and manufac- 
tures about $3,000.00 worth of implements per annum. 

Francis A. Barro7v's foundry and agricultural implement manufactory, 
located at Castleton Corners, was erected in 1851. He employs six men and 
manufactures from $8,000.00 to $10,000.00 worth of goods per annum. 

Sherman &= Armstrong's marble works, located on road 28, have been in 
operation for 40 years; but the present company have owned them only since 
May, 1880. They employ about twenty men in sawing and finishing marble. 


The first settlers in Castleton were Col. Amos Bird and Col. Noah Lee, 
from Salisbury, Conn. The first visit made by them to the town was in the 
year 1767, they being attended by one colored man. The summer of that 
year was spent in exploring and surveying the township ; but no record of 
what was done remains. During the season a log cabin was built on a 
bluff in the south western part of the town, on what was afterwards known 
as the Clark Farm. In the following autumn they returned to Salisbury. The 
next year the same party of three returned with the purpose of making a 
permanent settlement ; they made a small clearing but planted no seeds that 
year. Col. Bird returned to Connecticut before winter, leaving Lee and the 
colored man to occupy the log house alone. That winter was very severe 
and they suffered much from the cold and scarcity of provisions. In the 
spring of 1770 Bird returned with Ephraim Buel, Eleazer Bartholomew and 
Zadock Remington, with their families, arriving in May. These were the 
first and only settlers during that year, Bird and Lee not bringing their 
families until later. Other famiUes followed, however, year by year, until in 
1775 there were in the township about thirty famihes, and eight or ten un- 
married men. 

The first child born was Israel, son of Ephraim Buel, in 1771. Abigail 
Eaton, daughter of John Eaton, born the same year, was the first female. ' 

The natural water power at the outlet of the lake, where Hydeville now 
stands, early attracted the attention of the settlers, and as the south-west 
part of the town abounded with excellent pine timber at convenient distance 
from the outlet, a saw-mill was erected here in 1772, and the year following 
a grist-mill. The saw-mill was built chiefly through the personal enterprise 
of Col. Bird, who spared no exertions and shunned no expense in accom- 
plishing his work, which proved to be his last. In the prosecution of it he 
contracted fever, from which he died September 16, 1772, in the 30th year of 
his age. This was a severe blow to the infant colony, who deeply mourned 
his loss. His remains were interred on the banks of Castleton River, near 
where the old turnpike crossed it, and not far from his former residence ; but in 
1842 they were removed to the pubUc cemetery, with appropriate ceremonies, 
and a substantial monument: — 

"Erected by citizens of Castleton and friends as a tribute of respect to a 
worthy man." 

He was born at Litchfield, Conn., in 1742. The widow of Col. Bird re- 
turned to Salisbury, Conn., soon after the death of her husband, and did not 
again visit Castleton. 

Col. Lee settled in the east part of the township, on what was afterward 
known as the Gridley Farm. A log house was built near a beautiful spring of 
water, where they lived until the commencement of the Revolutionary war. 
Mrs. Lee then returned to Salisbury and was absent seven years, while her 
husband was engaged in the affairs of the Revolution, in which he took a 
prominent part. Among the proprietors of Castleton he was active, and in 


the troubles under the government of New Hampshire, the Council of Safety, 
and the claims of New York, he was vigilant. At the commencement of the 
Revolution he took a decided part on the side of American Independence. 
At the time Col. Ethan Allen mustered his men at Castleton for the capture 
of Fort Ticonderoga, Col. Lee was prime mover of an expedition against 
Skeenesboro, (now Whitehall), which left Castleton at the same time and 
resulted in the capture of Major Skeene. From 1781 till the close of the 
war he served in the capacity of captain in the Continental Army in Pennsyl- 
vania. He was in the battle of Yorktown, and present at the surrender of 
CornwaUis. Having received an honorable discharge at Albany, N. Y., he 
returned to Castleton with his family, and there spent the remainder of his 
days, mostly in agricultural pursuits. His physical constitution was remark- 
ably good, and retained its vigor to a great age. His descendants are numer- 
ous and widely separated. 

Zadock Remington settled a half mile west of Castleton village in 1770. 
He was a large proprietor and a prominent and highly respectable man, 
noted for his eccentricities. It was a pecuharity of Mr. Remington, not to 
return a direct answer to any question. When asked by a business man in 
Troy, N. Y., about the pecuniary responsibility of a neighbor in Castleton, 
he replied : — " You see Capt. L. is a very tall man ;" thus indirectly express- 
ing his opinion, if any one was shrewd enough to guess his meaning. His 
was the first frame house erected in Castleton, where he kept the first tavern. 
He was a man of correct habits, and at an advanced age became decidedly 
rehgious. He Hved to be 94 years of age. 

Hyde Westover, one of the early settlers, served two months in the war of 
18 1 2. He was at the battle of Plattsburgh, and also assisted in raising a 
company of minute men at Hubbardton, who were drilled through the win- 
ter, but in the spring were not called into service. ' Mr. Westover was also a 
landlord, having kept the Westover House, at Castleton Corners. This is 
situated on the old government turnpike, over which all the munitions of war 
passed from Albany to Vergennes, in the war of 1812. At this time Mr. 
Westover was assistant to Benjamin Carver, who kept a hotel on the corner 
opposite where the Westover House now stands. There they entertained 
Gen. Wade Hampton and many soldiers of his army, of whom the following 
anecdote has been related by Mr. W. : — One morning Mr. Hampton was 
taking the stage to leave for Vergennes, but seeing a lady in the coach, 
ordered the driver to take her out. The driver, (also the proprietor), in- 
informed him the lady was on her to way Burlington, to take care of her 
father who was ill, and he could either ride with her or wait for the next 
stage. The General concluded to ride with the lady. 

From the Westover House can be seen the homes of Col. Noah Lee, Col. 
Rifle Clark, Prof. Geo. N. Boardman, of Chicago Theological Seminary, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Smith, a missionary massacred in Turkey, also the burying place 
of Col. Bird, of whom it is said the first three boards sawed in his mill 
were used in the construction of his coffin. 


Samuel Moulton settled in Castleton from Simsbury, Conn., at an early 
date. His son, Samuel, was born there in 1782, and died in 1838, at the age 
of 56 years. From 18 10 to the time of his death he was postmaster. After 
his death, his son Cullum was appointed, who held the office about ten years, 
when he engaged in other business. William, also son of Samuel Jr., was 
appointed in 1861, and has held the office ever since. 

Ira Hartwell came to Castleton from Barre, Mass., when but four years of 
age. He resided here 76 years, being 80 years of age when he died. Ora- 
mel, son of Ira, and Calista, a daughter, wife of Asahel Pond, now reside in 
the town. These were the only children, except one daughter who died at 
the age of fifteen. 

William Sanford came to Castleton in October, 1799, where he resided till 
his death, March 24, 1866. His son. Dr. James Sanford, is still a resident 
of Castleton village. 

Nathaniel Northup came from SaHsbury, Conn., to Castleton, about the 
year 1770. When the war of the Revolution broke out he returned to 
Connecticut, but came back to Castleton again in 1777, where he resided 
until his death, in 1828, aged 78 years. His son, Ira, born in Connecticut, 
came to Castleton with Nathaniel in 1777, and continued his residence here 
until his death, in 1844, at the age of 68 years. Nathaniel had a family of 
seven children, all but one of whom lived most of their Hfe-time in Castleton. 
Dr. Josiah N., son of Ira, has been a practicing physician in Castleton vil- 
lage 38 years. 

Rev. D. M. Knapen was born in Orwell, Vermont. His father was a 
Congregational minister, but his son, though taught that doctrine, became 
a Universalist preacher and located in Castleton about 25 years ago, 
since which time he has been engaged in writing a very valuable work on 

Jacob Wheeler came to Castleton in 1795. He served in the war of 1812, 
and had five sons who served in the war of the Rebellion. He is now living, 
at the age of 90 years. 

Dwyer Babbitt was born in Clarendon in the year 1797, whence he removed 
to Castleton in 1803, settling between Castleton Corners and Hydeville. In 
1840 his house was destroyed by fire, burning four of his children to death, 
two sons and two daughters. Mr. Babbitt is now Hving on road 42. He 
has had a family of twelve children, six of whom are still living. 

James Williams, born in Pawlet in 1797, came to Castleton in 1818, where 
he resided until his death, on January 28, 1879. His wife, Harriet, still re- 
sides at Hydeville. 

F. S. Heath, born in Addison County, came to Castleton in 1840, estab- 
lishing the first boat-house and ferry on Lake Bomoseen. The last salmon 
trout ever seen at the lake was taken by Mr. Heath, and measured 3 feet 4 
inches in length. The skeleton was sent to the medical museum at Castle- 
ton, where it was preserved. 


Col. Isaac Clark was one of the early settlers in Castleton, where he mar- 
ried a daughter of Governor Chittenden, and served as a colonel in the war 
of i8i'2. The same horse that he used in the army, drew him to his grave. 
The old homestead is still in the possession of the Clark family, having been 
owned by them over a century. 

James Adams came to Castleton village in the year 1800, where he was 
engaged in mercantile pursuits for many years, dying in i860. His son, 
Benjamin F., was born in 18 13, and is still a resident of the tow^n, as is also 
another son, James. 

Josiah G. Harris, from Pittsfield, Mass., came to Castleton in 1795, resid- 
ing here until his death, in 1834. He served as town clerk thirty-five years. 
His daughter, Sarah, widow of Timothy W. Rice, is still a resident of Castle- 
ton, aged 69 years. 

L. W. Preston, who came to Castleton, August i, 1844, was the third tele- 
graph operator employed within the Hmits of the township, and now has in 
his possession the first table used in the town as an operator's desk, 

Jesse Caswell settled in the west part of the town of Middletown in 1787, 
where he resided until his death, in 1844. His son, Menira, was born in 1 799, 
and came to Castleton in 1847. He has served the county as deputy sheriff 
several years, and resided in the town until his death, June 30, 1881, at the 
age of 83 years. 

Chauncey Langdon was an early settler, and one of the first lawyers of 
Castleton, where he was town representative for many years. Benjamin F., 
son of Chauncey, was born in 1798, studied law with his father and practiced 
in the town until his death, which occurred May 31, 1862. Ebenezer, brother 
of Chauncey, came to Castleton in 1792, and his son, Selah H., is still a resi- 
dent of the town. The house now occupied by him stands upon the old Fort 
ground, and was built by Walter Mcintosh, an early settler. Mr. Langdon 
has in his possession an old camp kettle, once the property of Gen. Burgoyne. 

Lemuel Ransom, from Connecticut, came to Castleton about the year 
1800, locating on road 8, where he built the house now occupied by his grand- 
son, Albert V. Ransom. 

Chas. Lincoln came to Castleton, from Rhode Island, in 1785, locating on 
road 8, upon the farm now owned by his son, D. S. Lincoln. Chas. died in 
1826. D. S. was born in 1814, and has been a deacon of the Baptist Church 
of Hubbardton 35 years. 

Stukeley Thornton came to Danby from Rhode Island at an early date, 
where his son Stukeley was born, and subsequently settled in the north part 
of Ira in 1777, where he resided until 185 1, when he removed to Castleton, 
locating upon the farm now owned by his son, Asahel P. He died in 1862. 
Asahel P. was born in Ira in 1833, came to Castleton with his father, and 
still occupies the old homestead. 

A. W. Hyde, born in Hyde Park, Vt., 1779, was one of the most active 
business men of Castleton. He came to Sudbury with his father in 1801, and 


in 1 8 18 came to Castleton in attendance upon the Rutland County Gram- 
mar School, and was afterwards employed as clerk in the store of John 
Meacham, where he eventually became a partner. In 1836 he purchased a 
stage line of E. B. Dewey, and afterwards owned a Hne from Troy to Bur- 
lington, and from Rutland to Whitehall; he was also one of the 'original trus- 
tees of the Grammar School appointed by the Legislature. In 1845 he 
removed to Hydeville, where he built up a flourishing village. He was killed 
by a locomotive at Hubbardton road- crossing, near the ground where the 
Fort once stood. 

Brewster Higley was one of the pioneers of Castleton, having located upon 
the farm now owned by his great grandson, A. E. Higley, who is now ex- 
tensively engaged there in the breeding of blooded stock. 

The house now occupied by John Howe, on Main street, was built by 
Myron Mcintosh, previous to the year 1800. The house east of the village. 
now owned by H. L. Baxter, was built by Sylvanus Guernsey, in 1800. 
Guernsey came to Castleton from Litchfield, Conn., with his father, Solomon, 
in 1784, he being then but fifteen years of age. His father built a brick 
house and store where the Bomoseen House now stands ; he also dug a well 
at the west end of the house, which has never failed and is now used by the 
towns-people. Solomon died in 1789. His grand-daughter, daughter of Syl- 
vanus, Mrs. Menira Caswell, is still a resident of the village, at the age of 75 
years. Her husband died here June 30, 1881. 

The capture of Ticonderoga and the invasion of Canada which followed, 
left western Vermont comparatively secure for a time; but the retreat of 
the American forces up the lake in 1777, laid the whole region open again 
to depredations from British and Indians. Castleton, the frontier town, was 
the rendezvous for recruits for Ticonderoga at this time, for which a most 
earnest appeal was made, as the British were seen to be closing around the 
fortress. Some 20 recruits were gathered here in July, 1777 ; a part of the 
citizens of Castleton, waiting an increase of their number, so as to make it 
safe for them to go to Ticonderoga. On the 6th of July, the day previous 
to the battle of Hubbardton, there occurred quite a lively skirmish in Castle- 
ton between these recruits and a British foraging party. About half a mile 
east of Castleton village, on the north-west corner of the east and west road 
and the Hubbardton road, stood the house of George Eoote, where religious 
worship was held on the Sabbath. Upon the corner opposite was a school- 
house. A mile and a half north of this, on the Hubbardton road, lived Capt. 
John Hall. Still further north, on what is known as the Ransom Farm, was 
a building appropriated to recruits. On the Sabbath, July 6th, while the 
people were gathered for religious worship, the alarm was given that the 
enemy was approaching. At the same time the recruits came flying down 
the road and took shelter in the school-house and in the house of Mr. Foote, 
the women and children taking shelter in the cellar. There was a brisk 
firing from both sides for a considerable time, but the casualties were few, as 


the one party was covered by the buildings, and the other by the trees of the 
forest. Soon there was a closer conflict. Capt. Williams, a volunteer from 
Guilford, Vt, was wounded in the groin, but would not yield ; and, in a 
hand to hand fight, dealt a heavy blow upon a British lieutenant. He was 
then bayoneted through the body and expired in a few moments. Capt, 
John Hall received a shot in the leg, and as he lay profusely bleeding, called 
for water, and as his wife was bringing it to him, a tory named Jones kicked 
the dish from her hands. Capt. Hall died of the wound not long after. 
One of the British infantry was mortally wounded and another shot through 
the body, but recovered through the kind attentions of Mrs. Hall — rendering 
good for evil. One of Capt. WiUiams' sons was wounded in the heel in the 
early part of the engagement, and fled to the woods. He finally reached 
Rutland in a famishing condition. Two sons of Capt. Hall, Elias and 
Alpheus, George Foote and others, were taken prisoners and taken to 
Ticonderoga, but made their escape after a few weeks. The body of Capt. 
WiUiams, wrapped in a blanket, without a coffin, was rudely buried at the 
foot of a tree near by. Forty-four years after, his remains were disinterred 
and the bones carefully gathered and laid together in exact order, and re- 
buried in the village grave-yard with appropriate ceremonies. Thus ended 
the skirmish at Castleton, which was followed on the morrow by the memor- 
able battle of Hubbardton. 

The Baptist Church of HydeviUe was organized in 1849 by A. Allen, S. 
Whitlock, and a few others, with Rev. Mr. Smith as pastor. The society 
was prosperous for a time, but then languished and was not able to support 
itself; until finally Dea. James Williams died in 1879, bequeathing the 
society his property. Thus it now has about $15,000 at interest, which is to 
be used for the support of the Church. 

The Episcopal Church of HydeviUe was organized in 1848, by I. Davy, P. 
W. Hyde and E. Wallace, with Rev. Mr. Bailey as rector. Services were 
first held in the school-house ; but a large building belonging to Mr. Hyde 
was subsequently fitted up for this purpose, which was destroyed by fire in 
the year 1853, when the present edifice was erected in its stead, where 
services have since been held. They have no settled rector at present. 

The Congregational Church at Castleton village was organized in 1784, 
by Job Swift, of Bennington, with a membership of eighteen and Mattheus 
Cazier as pastor. The first house of worship was erected in 1790, which 
was followed by the present one in 1833. The present building is a large, 
commodious structure, capable of comfortably seating 800 persons, and cost 
about $7,000.00. The whole church property is now valued at $10,000.00. 
The society numbers 150, with Rev. Edward T. Hooker, pastor. 

The Methodist Church of Castleton Village was organized in 1824, by 
Jonathan Eaton. At its organization the society had but four members, 
with Rev. C. P. Clark as pastor, but it has since increased to 116, with Rev. 
J. P. Metcalf for their present pastor. The church building was erected in 



1824, a comfortable structure, capable of seating about 200 persons. The 
original cost of the house was $3,000.00, which, together with the grounds, 
is now valued at $5,000.00. 

St. John's the Baptist Catholic Church, located at Castleton village, was 
organized in 1834, by their first pastor, Rev. John Daly, with a membership 
of fifty, which has since increased to 200. The present building is a neat, 
comfortable structure, capable of seating about 260 persons, erected at a cost 
of $13,000.00, and was converted into a Cathohc church in 1879. Its present 
value, including property, is estimated at about $15,000.00. The Rev. P. J. 
O'Carroll, of Fairhaven, is the present pastor of the society. 

The Second Aihent Church, located at Castleton village, was organized un- 
der the labors of Eld. Milon Grant, in i860. At its organization it had about 
35 members, with Rev. Albion Ross as first pastor; this membership has 
since increased to 100, with Geo. W. Wallace for their present pastor. The 
church building was erected in 1861, at a cost of $3,000.00, and will seat 
about 450 persons. Regular services are sustained, and the Church is flour- 
ishing and free from debt. 

The Calvinistic Methodist Church, located in the south-west part of the 
town, was organized by the Rev. William Hughes, of Utica, N. Y., in 1862, 
with a membership of 20, and Rev. Daniel Rowland pastor. This member- 
ship has since increased to 40, with Rev. Hugh Davis for their present pastor. 
The house of worship was erected in 1868, costing about $4,000.00, and will 
seat about 200 persons. The value of the property has depreciated during 
the last few years, so that the whole property is now worth only about 

St. Joseph's Catholic Church, located at West Castleton, was organized by 
Rev. J. P. O'Carroll, of Fairhaven, in 1879, with ^ membership of 150, and 
has remained about the same number since. The church building was erect- 
ed the same year, a neat litde structure, capable of seating about 200 persons. 
It cost $2,500.00, and is now valued, including property, at about $3,000.00. 

»HITTENDEN lies in the north-western part of the County, in lat. 43° 
1^ 44' and long. 4° 10' east from Washington, and is bounded north by 
W Goshen and Rochester in Addison County, east by Pittsfield, south by 
Mendon, and west by Pittsford and Brandon. It was granted the 14th and 
chartered the i6th of March, 1780, to Gershom Beach and sixty-five associ- 
ates, and still retains its original limits, together with one-half the township of 
Philadelphia, which was annexed Nov. 2, 1816, so that it now really contains 
a township and a half, or since the annexation, about fifty-four square miles of 
territory. The town was organized March 30, 1789, with Ebenezer Drury, 
moderator; Nathaniel Ladd, clerk; and Nathan Nelson, Nathaniel Ladd and 
Solomon Taylor, selectmen. The name "Chittenden" being derived from 
Thomas Chittenden, the first governor of the State, probably because of its 
being the first grant issued by the General Assembly of Vermont. 


The surface is very broken and mountainous, some parts of it so much so 
as to be incapable of tillage or habitation, the whole eastern portion being 
very sparsely settled. The western portion, however, is quite thickly popula- 
ted and contains some very fine farms. The land is watered by several 
small streams, the largest of which are East Creek and Furnace River. East 
Creek rises near the central part of the town, flows a south-westerly course 
and is discharged into Otter Creek, near Rutland village. Furnace River 
rises in the north-western part of the town, flows a south-westerly course and 
empties into Otter Creek in Pittsford. A branch of White River and its tribu- 
taries water the portion lying east of the Green Mountains. There are also 
two small ponds in the town, but do not seem to be of sufiicient importance 
to acquire the dignity of a name. 

The scenery is varied and pleasing, as is the case in all Green Mountain 
districts. Among the mountains are found several quite considerable cav- 
erns, that lend a charm of mystery and an air of romance to the sterile peaks. 
The rocks are those peculiar to the Green Mountain range, mostly gneiss, 
among which is found two beds of iron ore and one of manganese, neither of 
which is worked at present. As early as the year 1792, there was a furnace 
for smelting the ore, in operation, situated on Furnace River, built by a Mr. 
Keith, of Boston, but it has long since been abandoned. Manganese is used 
largely as a coloring material in the manufacture of glass and enamels; but its 
greatest value is in the manufacture of steel. It is of a grayish-white color 
presents a metallic briUiancy, is capable of a high degree of poHsh, and is so 
hard as to scratch glass and steel; and when mixed with iron, it gives that 
metal increased elasticity and hardness,— hence its use in the manufacture of 
steel.* The distance of the Chittenden mines from a railroad has caused 
them to languish, for reason of the expensive transportation of the ore. 

In some of the mountain valleys, and in the basins of Furnace River and 
East Creek, are located many excellent farms. The soil is an alluvial deposit, 
and produces wheat, barley, oats, rye, Indian corn and potatoes. But the 
greater wealth of the town consists in its herds and flocks, the principal ex- 
ports being wool and products of the dairy. 

The timber is that common to Green Mountain districts, namely, beech 

birch and maple, interspersed with pine, hemlock, spruce, elm, and black and 
white ash ; some of the trees attaining an enormous growth. One old elm 
standing on a narrow strip of land between Chittenden proper and what was 
formerly Philadelphia, measures six feet in diameter at a distance of forty- 
eight feet from its base. The whole length of its trunk was sixty-eight feet, 
having three hmbs, either of which was three feet in diameter. Lumbering 
is carried on to some considerable extent, the first mill for its manufacture 
being erected in the early part of the present century ; and from the maple, 
large quantities of sugar are manufactured each year. 

There has been, from time to time, about twenty thousand dollars expend- 
ed in making and repairing roads and building bridges, which amount was 


raised by direct taxation on all the land in the town. Three public roads 
have been built across the mountains. The first, known as the Green road, 
passed from Rutland, through Pittsford, over Thomas hill, and through "New 
Boston" to Pittsfield. This was the old mail and stage route from Rutland 
to Pittsfield, and was closed early in the history of the town. The second, 
known as the North Mountain road, passed from "New Boston" to Pittsfield, 
a short distance north of where the Green road crossed the mountains. The 
third, and the one over which the daily mail is now carried, passes from Rut- 
land through "Slab City" to the old turnpike, thence to Pittsfield. 

In 1880 the population of the town was 1,092. It was divided into nine 
school districts and contained nine common schools, employing one male 
and twelve female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $983.48. There 
were 209 pupils attending common schools, and the entire cost of the schools 
for the year ending Oct. 30, was $1,106.27, with Mr. Riley V. Allen super- 

Chittenden is entirely a rural district having no villages. The post office 
is located at Chittenden, a small hamlet in the south-west part of the town, 
on East Creek. 

/. 6r A. Baird's saw mill, located on road 20, is operated by water- 
power, has one large circular saw and manufactures 5,000 feet of lumber per 

T. B. &= M. L. Cheedle's saw mill, located on road 9, is operated by 
water-power and manufactures about 400,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

Naylor 6r Co's saw mill, located on road 5, is operated by water-power. 
It has one lumber saw and five small saws for slitting boards, etc., and 
employs four men, manufacturing 50,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

J'o/in Leffcrfs saw mill, located off road 21, is operated by water-power, 
has one lumber saw and one clapboard saw, turning lathes, planers, etc., 
employs five men and manufactures 300,000 feet of lumber and 100,000 
feet of clapboards yearly. Steam power will be added to the mill the coming 
season, which will increase its capacity to 1,000,000 feet per annum. 

The first settlers of Chittenden were Nathaniel Ladd, John Bancroft, Ger- 
shom Beach, Jonathan Dike, Solomon Taylor, Nathaniel Nelson, OHver 
Bogue, Zeb. Green, John Cowe, Jacob Walton and Asa Farrar, all of 
whom settled in the southern part of the township. Of the sixty-six pro- 
prietors, only four, Solomon Taylor, John Bancroft, Daniel Barnard and 
Nathaniel Ladd, ever setled in the town. 

The first town meeting was held at the house of Solomon Taylor, March 
30, 1789, with Nathaniel Ladd as clerk. Ladd settled on the farm now 
owned by H. F. Baird ; Anson Ladd, his son, was the first child born in the 
town. The first saw mill was built by Pickley & Nevins in 1808, and located 
on the site now owned by Jesse L. Billings. Since that time twelve others 
have been built, most of which have been in successful operation for many 
years. At an early period of the town's history a grist mill was erected in 


" New Boston," and another at " Forge Flat," though the latter was never 
put in operation. The first blacksmith shop was built by Andrew Barnard, 
in 1802. The first general training ground was in " New Boston," on the 
land now owned by Wood & Eayres, of Pittsford. 

Jonathan Dike and Solomon Taylor located in the northern part of the 
town. They cut and stacked hay the first two or three summers on the 
Beaver meadows, drawing it three miles over Thomas hill in the winter, on 
hand-sleds. They used to go, in common with others of their townsmen, to 
Bennington with a portion of their grain for grinding. Dike, on one occa- 
sion, brought from Bennington a bushel of salt for which he was offered a 
bushel of corn for each pint. 

One of the early settlers was the Indian, " Capt. John." He was with 
the French and Indians at the time Gen. Braddock marched the EngHsh 
army through the wilderness to attack the French at Fort Duquesne. He 
fired at Washington three times, and, faiHng to hit him, concluded he was 
invincible, and after the battle, left the French army and joined the English, 
where he was subsequently one of Washington's Hfe guard. Capt. John left 
in Chittenden a stone pestle, which is now in the Vermont State Cabinet. 
He died and was buried in Mendon, but his bones subsequently graced the 
office of a surgeon and M. D. in Rutland, and later were in an M. D's office 
in Pittsford, where they remained until recently. 

Dan Barnard, an original proprietor, was one of the Insurrectionists who 
attempted to prevent the County Court from holding its session at Rutland 
on the 22d day of November, 1788. 

Walcott H. Keeler, a representative from the town, introduced and influ- 
enced the passage of a bill abolishing imprisonment for debt. 

Caleb Churchill died a few years ago, aged 99 years, 5 months and 1 1 
days. He was one of the early settlers in the northern part of the town, in 
that portion formerly included in Philadelphia. He located upon the farm 
now owned by Patrick Mullin. 

Chittenden, in common with other townships 
of the county, suffered much during its early his- 
tory from the depredations of bears and wolves. 
But the men, women, boys and girls, without 
regard to age or sex, often carried terror into 
^ the ranks of these " pests of the wilderness." 
One of the modes of warfare was to surround 

("Pest OF THE Wilderness.") and make them prisoners, on which occasions 
the women and children were called into active service. On one occasion, 
in the year 1810, the howUng of wolves on Spruce Peak was heard, about 
ten o'clock in the evening. On the following morning, five wolves found 
themselves surrounded by men and women, boys and girls, armed with guns 
and pitch-forks. Four of the wolves were taken prisoners. A bear was 
once taken near the " Ladd " road, between North and South Chittenden, 
which weighed over six hundred pounds. 


The oldest person ever residing in the town was Aaron Beach, who died 
about the year 1816, aged 102 years. 

Jonathan Powell came from Sullivan, N. H., in Sept. 1S08, and settled on 
the farm now owned by Almon Powell. 

Samuel Harrison, an early settler, was born at Norton, in the county of Der- 
by, England, April 26, 1756. About the year 1780, he immigrated to Pittsfield, 
Mass., when he married Rebecca Keeler, and subsequently removed to Chit- 
tenden in 1789, and located upon the farm now owned by William MuUin. 

Jeffrey A. Boyne settled at an early date, in the north part of the town, 
upon the farm now owned by Lewis I. Winslow. This farm is now said to 
be the best in the township, and one of the best in the county. It is pleas- 
antly located, overlooking the Otter Creek valley, and bringing to view some 
of the most beautiful scenery in the county. Along down the valley, a dis- 
tance of seven miles, can be seen the busy little village of Sutherland Falls, 
and still farther to the south, a distance of twelve miles, the village of Rut- 
land and its surroundings. Mr. Winslow took the farm some fifteen years 
ago, since which time he has been constantly improving it and its surround- 
ings. A small stream winding its way from the mountains to Otter Creek, 
affords water power whereon he has constructed a mill which grinds all his 
grain, as well as several thousand bushels for his neighbors, each year. The 
same power also does all the threshing, wood-sawing and churning for the 
farm. A large spring situated about 166 rods north-east of the house, furn- 
ishes clear, cold water, never above 45° in temperature, in an abundant sup- 
ply. Among his other stock, Mr. Winslow keeps sixty-five head of cattle. 

Joseph Atwood, when seventeen years of age, removed from Mexico, N. Y., 
and settled in Chittenden, upon what is now known as the Churchill estate, 
in the year 1803. His brothers, Billings and John, settled here at about the 
same time. 

Near the hamlet of Chittenden, in a beautiful Httle valley, is situated the 
homestead of the notorious Eddy family, which at one time created such an 
excitement with their alleged " spiritual manifestations and materializations." 
Their seances became so notorious and were attended with so much mystery, 
that the place was visited by hundreds, and their feats were discussed so much 
in scientific circles, as to render the name of Chittenden noted. 

The father, Zephaniah Eddy, a farmer Hving at Weston, Vt., married one 
Julia Ann Macombs, a girl of Scotch descent, who was born in the same 
town. About the year 1846 Mr. Eddy sold his farm and removed to the 
present homestead. Mrs. Eddy claims to inherit from her mother the gift of 
"far-seeing," for she not only had previsions of future events, but also claimed 
the faculty of seeing the denizens of the mysterious "nether world," from 
whom she claimed to receive visits. To them was born three children, Wil- 
liam, Horatio and Mary. They also inherited this gift of their mother, and 
it is to them the Eddy family owes its notoriety, they having traveled all over 
the country giving spiritual seances. They induced many to believe in their 


supernatural gifts, but the majority of people pronounce their feats mere 
trickery and fraud. 

Nathaniel Ladd was the first town clerk, from March 1789 to 1790. Na- 
than Nelson, 2d, from 1790 to '93; then John Coe, from 1793 to 1813 — 20 
years; David Wadsworth, from 18 14 to '16; Warren Barnard, 1816 to '18; 
Wolcott H. Keeler, 1818 to 1822; Jonas Wheeler, 1822 to '24; Wolcott H. 
Keeler, 1824 to '28; Moses Randall, 1828 to the 14th of November, 1843, 
when he died; Alvin Pvandall served till March, 1844; Capen Leonard, Jr., 
till March, 1847, three years; Chauncey Taylor, from 1847 to 1854; Alvin 
Randall, 1854 to '56; Reuben Harris, 1856 to '71, fifteen years; H. F. 
Baird, to the present time. Two senators, both of whom were born and 
educated in Chittenden, have represented the county in the State Legislature, 
with abihty and honor. 

Jonathan Woodard and Josiah Pierson served in the Revolutionary war, and 
Thaddeus Baird and Israel Hewett served in the war of 181 2. Of the late 
war, Wallace Noyes and Cyrus Whitcomb died at or near Vicksburg. Azro 
P. Noyes was killed near Richmond, in Kilpatrick's raid. Martin Clark, C. 
P. Barnard, Lewis Martin, L. L. Baird, Valorious Bump, and VVilber F. Free- 
man died in the army. 

About the year 18 10, the Episcopal Methodists organized a society, but 
some dissensions arising soon after among its members, the presiding elder, 
(Draper,) disbanded the society and burned the class-book, together with the 
society records. From that time until 183 1, the few sectarians of the town 
united with the CongregationaUsts of Pittsford. During this year the Epis- 
copal Methodists organized a society and erected a church building, and 
the year following, the Congregationahsts built a church edifice, though both 
of these societies have become extinct. The Methodist property is owned by 
the Wesleyan Methodists, and the Congregational house is used by the so- 
ciety of Grangers. There are two Episcopal churches of more recent origin, 
in the south part of the town, where meetings are occasianally held. 

The North Chittenden Church, (Wesleyan Methodist,) located at Forge 
Flats, was organized by Rev. J. H. Canfield, on March 20, 185 1, with a mem- 
bership of eleven, which during the first fourteen months increased to forty; 
but has since decreased again to about thirty. The building will seat about 
150 persons, and was erected in 1832, at a cost of $500,00; but its value has 
since decreased, so that the whole Church property is now only worth $300.00. 
Rev. S. B. Town is at present their pastor. 

IPILARENDON comprises within its limits a part of the two New York 
^^ grants of Socialborough and Durham. No settler located in the town 
^If whose lands were long held under cither of these grants, the lands be- 
ing all held, however, under the charter issued by Gov. Wentworth, of New 
Hampshire, dated September 5th, 1761. It contains 23,600 acres, located 
near the centre of the county, in lat. 43"" 31' and long. 4" 6', and was divided 


into 70 shares, chartered to Caleb Williams and others. Just at what date 
the town was organized is not known, the first records extant, being dated 
1778, at which meeting Stephen Arnold was clerk, and Levi Calvin first 
selectman. In 1854, by an Act of the Legislature, a portion of the western 
part of the town was annexed to the town of Ira. 

The township is entirely an agricultural region, without villages ; the in- 
habitants being almost exclusively devoted to farming. The landscape is 
diversified by mountain and valley, hill, river and dale. From the Quarter- 
line road, No. 5 on the map, may be had one of the finest views in the 
county. The mountains, mantled with forests, the hills covered with verdure 
whereon graze the many flocks, and the peaceful valleys nestled between, 
covered with fields of waving grain, dotted completely over with farm-houses, 
bring before the eye of the beholder a panorama of rare beauty, at the same 
time impressing him with a sense of the wealth and thrift of the people. 

Extending through the town from north to south is a range of hills called 
West Mountain, which, together with high lands in the extreme north-west 
and south-east portions of the town, are the highest elevations. 

Several considerable streams irrigate the soil, of which Otter Creek, flow- 
ing through the central part of the town from south to north, is the largest. 
Parallel with, and distant west about if miles from Otter Creek, flows Tin- 
mouth River, traversing the entire length of the town. Cold River, in the 
north, and Mill River in the south part, enter the town from Shrewsbury, 
flowing a westerly course, emptying into Otter Creek. Numerous other small 
streams are situated in different parts of the town, lending beauty to the land- 
scape and richness to the soil. 

Mineral springs are found in several localities, whose waters are celebrated 
for medicinal purposes. In the south-west part of the town is found quite a 
large cavern, called "Clarendon Cave." It has three diff'erent apartments or 
rooms, which extend back into the rocks some 200 feet or more. The first 
and largest room is thirty-five feet long, ten feet wide and from ten to twelve 
feet high. Large rocks, resembling chairs and benches, have been ranged 
around the apartment by Dame Nature, producing a very weird effect. From 
this room you descend a ladder about ten feet, and are ushered into the sec- 
ond apartment. This is about ten feet square and from ten to twelve feet in 
height. The third is still eight feet lower than the second, and about eight 
feet square. In the centre of it is a "boihng spring," the water bubbling up, 
resembhng very much the boiling of a cauldron. 

Clarendon is bounded north by Rutland, east by Shrewsbury, south by 
Walhngford and Tinmouth, and west by Ira. It had a population in 1880 
of 1,106. 

During the year ending Sept. 30, 1880, the town was divided into eight 
school districts, and had eight common schools, employing four males and 
ten female teachers, whose salaries amounted to $1,165.30. The number of 
pupils attending school was 207, and the total amount expended for school 
purposes, was $1,301.02. G. H. Morse was the superintendent of schools. 


The Rutland Railroad enters the town near the centre of its eastern 
boundary, traversing its north-eastern corner, while the Bennington «Sr Rutland 
Railroad passes through the eastern part from north to south. 

It contains four post-offices, viz : Clarendon, East Clarendon, North Clar- 
endon and Clarendon Springs. The latter is quite a little hamlet, made noted 
by the mineral springs found there, which are resorted to by hundreds each 
year in quest of health or pleasure. They are situated in the north-west part 
of the town, on the wcbt side of Tinmouth River. Tradition says they were 
first discovered in 1776, by one Asa Smith, who resided in the eastern part 
of the town. He is reported to have " dreamed" of a spring in the western 
part of the town, and, full of faith, started through the wilderness in search 
of the spring that would furnish water that would restore him to health. Ar- 
riving at this spot, he recognized it as the one he had seen in his dream, and 
accordingly, at once drank of the water, and bound clay saturated with it upon 
his swollen and inflamed limbs. The scrofulous humor, which had been a 
source of annoyance, at once yielded to the potent influence of the water, 
and he was soon restored to perfect health. The Clarendon House, located 
at the Springs, is a large hotel owned by B. Murray & Sons, capable of ac- 
commodating one hundred guests, and has also three cottages capable of ac- 
commodating one hundred more. In front of the hotel and cottages is a 
fine park, filled with shade trees, and in the center, a pond and fountain, throw- 
ing a shaft of water thirty feet high. (See page 320.) 

A. 6^ B. E. Hortoris mills, located at North Clarendon, are run by water 
power, and embrace a saw, grist and cider mill in one building. They em- 
ploy eight men and manufacture 200,000 feet of lumber, 15,000 cheese boxes 
and ten car loads of chair-stock annually. 

The Marshall Cheese Factory, located at North Clarendon, receives the 
milk of 360 cows and manufactures 100,000 lbs. of cheese per annum. 

N. S. Walkers' s cheese factory is located on his farm, near Chippen Hook. 
He received during the past season, the milk from 200 cows, and manufac- 
tured 50,000 lbs. of cheese. 

Tradition says that Clarendon derived its name from a man by that name, 
who was the first person buried within the limits of the town. The first set- 
tlers were EUsha Williams, Samuel Place, Elkanah Cook, Benjamin Johns 
and Randall Rice, who came from Rhode Island and Connecticut in the 
spring of 1768. Selecting locations on which to settle, in different parts of 
the town, they returned to their homes the following fall, coming back to 
Clarendon again the next spring, bringing their families with them. It was 
then, the spring of 1769, that the first permanent settlement was made, Rice 
and Johns, with their families, locating near the central part of the town, on 
the east side of Otter Creek, and were joined the same year by Stephen Ar- 
nold, Place, Cook and WilHams, locating in the north part of the town, then 
known as Socialborough. These families were soon followed by Jacob and 
Amos Marsh, and their nephews Daniel and William Marsh, Whitefield Fos- 


ter and Oliver Arnold, who settled in the north part of the town, on the east 
side of Otter Creek. They brought with them but Uttle, except one cow, and 
depended for subsistence upon their rifles and fishing-rods. They all worked 
together, detaiUng one of their number each week to milk the cow and pro- 
cure the game and fish. At the approach of winter, their united labors had 
erected five log houses and cleared a sufficient piece of land with each for 
crops the coming season. Therefore all except WiUiam returned to their 
homes and brought their families to the settlement the following spring. Wil- 
liam went north, intending to go to Montreal, and was never heard of after. 

Previous to 1771, James Rounds and John Hill had taken lots on the east 
side of the creek and commenced improvements. Thus, ten families were all 
that had settled in the town previous to 17 71. Several families had settled 
farther south, on what is known as the " South Flats." 

In 1772 and '73 settlement was commenced in the south-east part of the 
town by Ichabod Walker, a Mr. Nichols and Mr. Osborn. These famihes 
had all left their homes in Rhode Island and Connecticut, and settled in 
Clarendon, in the midst of a dense wilderness, with the intention of making it 
their permanent home. They therefore were, quite naturally, anxious to 
procure sound titles to their land; so many of them purchased deeds under 
both grants. 

During the land title controversy, and especially during the eight years' war 
with Great Britain, titles to land in the western part of Vermont were de- 
cidedly insecure. Claimants, under New York, wouH eject those holding 
under New Hampshire, while the New Hampshire men would in turn eject 
the New Yorkers. This state of things could only result in quarrels and ex- 
pensive litigations, which lasted until long after the close of the war, and 
seemed to be peculiarly bitter in Clarendon, until settled by the Legislature. 
This was done by an Act called the "Quieting Act," originated and advocated 
by Daniel Marsh, who was a member of the Legislature from the town of 
Clarendon for quite a number of years. 

WiUiam Crossman immigrated from Easttown, Mass., in 1777, setthng in 
Brandon. From thence he moved to Clarendon in 1781, settling on the farm 
now owned by W. R. Crossman. William was a revolutionary soldier. While 
living in Brandon, Burgoyne came down as far as his place and took his oxen 
and all his grain from him, leaving him destitute. 

John Weeks came from Washington, Conn., in 1787, and settled in Claren- 
don, on the farm now owned by John Cleveland. 

Caleb Hall, an old settler in the town, was born in Dunbarton, N. H., and 
came to Clarendon when he was fourteen years of age, where he resided until 
his death, at the age of 74. Mr. Hall, in his time, was one of the most active 
and prominent men of the town, held several town offices, and was for a long 
time postmaster at Clarendon Flats. 

Jonathan Parker settled in the north part of the town in 1785. Mr. Par- 
ker was a wealthy and influential man, owning at one time nearly the whole 
of the town of Mendon, which for a long time was called Parkerstown. 


Silas Hodges, a surgeon of Washington's army, settled at an early date, in 
Clarendon, on the farm now owned by Hannibal Hodges. 

James Eddy settled in town at an early date, coming from Rhode Island. 
He, for a long time, acted as a scout for the Colonies during the Revolution, 
and was one of the nine who went from Clarendon with Lieut. Hall, to sur- 
prise a party of Indians on Gillmer's Creek, taking only six days rations with 
them and were gone twelve days. 

Lewis Walker came to Clarendon from Cheshire, Mass., in 1779, settling 
on the farm now owned by his great-grandson, N. S. Walker, where he 
resided until his death, in 1813. Mr. Walker was a member of the Baptist 
Church, and highly esteemed by all who knew him. Lewis Walker, Jr., was 
born in Clarendon, on the homestead of his father, Jan. 34, 1781. He was 
selectman several years, town treasurer and justice of the peace for more 
than twenty years, and represented the town in the Legislature two years. 
Lewis M. Walker, son of Lewis Jr. and grandson of Lewis, was born on the 
old homestead Feb. 24, 1808, where he still resides. Mr. Walker was 
formerly engaged in mercantile pursuits, but is now engaged in farming. He 
has served the town as hster and justice several years, and in the Legislature 
in 1857 and 1858. 

Silas Whitney, the first selectman of the town, elected in 1778, came from 
Connecticut in 1770, setthng on the farm now owned by L. Holden. 

Isaac Tubbs immigrated to the town from Connecticut about the year 
1780, setthng on the farm now owned by Daniel Tubbs. Isaac built a tan- 
nery on the farm, where he manufactured leather for more than forty years. 

Daniel Colvin, from Rhode Island, settled in the town, on the farm now 
owned by Benjamin Fisk, in 1780. Mr. Colvin worked on his farm during 
the summer months, returning to Rhode Island in the fall, where he would 
follow the sea until the next ssason. 

Ehphalet Spofiford was born in Temple, New Hampshire, in 1773. 
He settled in the north-east corner of Clarendon when it was 
nearly a wilderness, cleared a small tract of land and built a log house, 
in which he raised a family of eleven children. He died in i860, aged 87. 
He was a descendant of John Spofiford, one of the first settlers of Rowley, 
Mass., in 1638, and of whom the following ancedote is told: During his 
residence at Rowley, a drought was followed by a great scarcity of food, and 
he repaired to Salem to purchase corn for himself and neighbors. The mer- 
chant to whom he applied, foreseeing a greater scarcity and higher prices, 
refused to open his store to supply his wants. Having pleaded the neces- 
sities of himself and others in vain, he cursed him to his face ; but on being 
immediately taken before a magistrate, charged with profane swearing, he 
repUed that he had not cursed profanely, but as a religious duty, and quoted 
Prov. xi, 26, as his authority: "He that withholdeth corn from the hungry, 
the people shall curse him." He was immediately acquitted, and by the 
summary power of the courts in those days, the merchant was ordered to 
deliver him as much corn as he wished to pay for. 


Elias Steward, from Volney, Conn., settled on the farm now owned by J. 
Q. Stewart, in 1777. 

Christopher Pierce came to Clarendon from Exeter, R. I., in 1802, locating 
upon the farm now owned by Henry Hodges. Subsequently he bought the 
farm now owned by his brother Giles, where he resided until his death, in 
181 1, leaving a large family. His son, John N., took the farm after his 
father's death, afterwards marrying Rosannah Spencer, by whom he had 
three sons. After her death he married Sallie Carr, who now resides with 
her son Thomas on the old homestead, Thomas having taken the farm after 
his father's death, which occurred March 20, 1881, at the advanced age of 91. 

James Wylie came to Clarendon from Connecticut, in 1777, locating on 
Otter Creek, upon the farm now owned by W. L. Wylie. His family con- 
sisted of two sons and two daughters, William, Jacob, Sarah and Esther. 
After Mr. WyUe's death, in 1834, William took the old homestead, where he 
has resided since. The old house, built by James in 1791, is still occupied 
by the family. 

Obadiah Chapman, from Salisbury, Conn., came to Clarendon March i, 
1786, and moved into the house then owned by Silas Smith and now owned 
and occupied by Burr Chapman, a grandson of Obadiah. The house is in 
good repair though over a hundred years old. Mr. Chapman purchased a 
farm on road i, and in 1786 built the house in which he lived and died; it 
stood just in front of Harvey Chapman's brick house. Obadiah's son, 
Joseph, succeeded him and died in 1859.. His son, Harvey, now 78 years 
of age, hves on the farm with his son Joseph, and a grandson, a child, re- 
sides here too, a representative of the sixth generation on the sarte farm, 
which has never passed from the possession of the family. 

Frederick Button, son of Charles F., was born in Clarendon in the year 
1789, and resided in the town all his life, dying in 1874. He represented the 
town in 1828 and was much respected. He married EHzabeth Rogers, his 
family consisting of one son and five daughters. The son, Hiram F., born 
in 1818, has always resided in the town, marrying Lucretia Button, his family 
consisting of one son and one daughter. Mr. Button has always been ex- 
tensively engaged in breeding blooded sheep. 

Daniel Dyer came to Clarendon from Rhode Island in 1798, locating upon 
the farm now owned by his daughter, Mrs. Lydia S. Briggs, wife of Philip, 
who died in 1853. 

Joseph Congdon came here from Rhode Island previous to the Revolu- 
tion, locating upon the farm now owned by T. P. Brown. George, son of 
Joseph, was also an early settler, residing here until his death, in 1842. His 
grandson, Edwin, has been town clerk since 1873, ^"d represented the town 
in i878-'79. 

Thomas Spencer, from Rhode Island, came to Clarendon at an early date, 
locating near the centre of the town. He died October 4th, 1804, leaving a 
family of two sons and two daughters. His son Calvin was born in October, 


1799, Studied medicine at Castleton, and practised in the town until his death, 
in 1870. His son, J. C, was born November nth, 1826, and has been en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits m the town for the last thirty years. 

Hon. Theophilus Harrington died in Clarendon, November 17, 1813, aged 
52. He held the office of representative and selectman of the town, was 
chief judge of Rutland County, and a chancellor and assistant judge of the 
Superior Court of the State of Vermont. He was buried in Chippen Hook 
Cemetery, with Masonic honors. 

Henry Hitchcock came to Clarendon in 1840, residing here until his death, 
in 187 1. Mr. Hitchcock was a merchant in Rutland and Clarendon Springs 
for about twelve years. He was a son of Remembrance, and grandson of 
John Hitchcock, of Pittsford. 

Mrs. Sprague, the first white woman who came to the town, was the grand- 
mother of Frederick Button, of Clarendon, and Harvey Button, of Walling- 
ford. She died at the age of 104, her son, Durham Sprague, being the first 
male child born in the town. 

The first frame-house erected in the town was built by Daniel Briggs, in 
the year 1777, and is still a comfortable house, owned and occupied by 
Harmon Albee, on road 39. 

The first mill built in the town was located on the farm now owned by 
Timothy K. Horton, the mill irons all being brought from Albany in a two 
wheeled cart drawn by oxen. 

In 1795 Oliver Whitney and Moses Goddard were general merchants, and 
Stephen Pope was a tanner and currier and shoemaker, the latter in the north 
part of the town. 

Stephen Arnold was the first town clerk. The date of. his election is not 
preserved. His first record is in 1778. He was continued in office till 1779 ; 
John Hill, March 27th, 1799 ; Randall Rice, March 4th, 1813 ; Seba French, 
March 2, 1814; Silas VV. Hodges, March 3, 181 9; Daniel S. Ewing, 
March, 1831; Joseph A, Hayes, March 6th, 1838: Philetus Clark, August 
2ist, 1844; William G. Grossman, March 2d, 1847; Lewis M. Walker, 
March 7th, 1848; Hannibal Hodges, March 2d, 1852; Lewis M. Walker, 
March 3d, 1857 ; William T. Herrick, March, 1864; Edwin Congdon since. 

Increase Mosely was a judge of the Supreme Court in 1784, and president 
of the first council of censors in 1786. 

After the Revolution, among the returning settlers was Daniel Marsh, who it 
appears took protection papers from the British and sympathized with the 
enemy. On his return to Clarendon, Dec. 16, 1782, the town "voted to 
receive him as a good, wholesome inhabitant." He attempted to get posses- 
sion of his old farm, a part of which he found occupied by Silas Whitney. A 
lawsuit followed in which Marsh was twice beaten. He then appealed to the 
Legislature, which passed an Act in June, 1785, giving him the possession 
of the farm " until he had an opportunity of recovering his betterments," for 
which Act the Legislature was severely censured by the first council of cen- 


sors, of which Judge Increase Mosely, of Clarendon, was president. JDuring 
the struggle betvyeen Marsh and Whitney for the possession of the disputed 
land, one party would put a tenant into the house, and the other party would 
put him out by force and put in another tenant, who in turn would be put out 
by force by the other party. On one occasion, Whitney, with several hands, 
mowed a large quantity of grass on the disputed meadow, and Marsh, obtain- 
ing help, drew it all oft", while Whitney was eating his dinner. This is but 
one instance of the many quarrels in which conflicting land titles involved the 
settlers of the fertile lands of Clarendon — so fertile that Whitney, visiting his 
relatives in Rhode Island, claimed that on the Clarendon intervales he could 
raise ears of corn ten feet long ; and in the following summer, when visited by 
his friends who wished to see his long corn, he was prepared to make good 
his boast, and showed them several ears over ten feet long, suspended from 
the ridge-pole of his corn barn, which he had made that length by joining and 
l)inning short ears together. 

Previous to 1817, one Sheperson owned and run a blast furnace at West 
Clarendon, about two miles S. W. of Chippen Hook. Stoves were cast about 
that year. 

At what date the first school house was erected is not known. It was very 
early in the settlement, however, and as there was but little money in circula- 
tion, teachers were paid in grain. The wood was furnished by assessing a 
certain number of feet to a scholar, to be delivered by lot. There were four 
school districts in West Clarendon in 1826, where there were but two in 187 1. 
The earliest records of " District No. i, West Clarendon," say that at a school 
meeting held June 27, 1808, — 

" Voted to build a school-house, that it stand in the corner where the road 
that comes from Lewis Walker's interferes with the road that leads to the 
mill." " Voted that the property be paid for in grain by the first of June 

The first church erected in the town was of Baptist denomination, built 
about 1780, in the east part of the town, followed by another of the same de- 
nomination in the west part of the town. Both these have years ago ceased 
to exist, and the buildings long since went to decay. 

The Congregational Chureh at Clarendon was organized February 18, 
1823, by Rev. Henry Hunter and Rev. Stephen Martindale, Mr. Hunter be- 
ing the first pastor, and was dismissed October, 1827. At the organization 
the Church consisted of ten members, which has increased up to the present 
time to sixty-nine. Has a flourishing Sabbath school, a young people's union 
and ladies' aid society for the study of sacred history and for benevolent pur- 
poses. The building was originally built of brick in 1824. In 1859 it was 
thoroughly rebuilt, and finished very neatly inside, and is now capable of 
comfortably seating 250 persons. Rev. George H. Morss is the present 


ImIaNBY is located in the extreme southern part of the County, in lat. 43'' 
'^^ 21' and long. 40" i' east from Washington, and is bounded north by 
w Tinmouth and a small part of Wallingford, east by Mt. 'J'abor, south by 
Dorset in Bennington County, and west by Pavvlet. It was granted to Jona- 
than WiUard and sixty-seven others from Nine Partners, Dutchess Co. N. Y., 
the charter bearing date Aug. 27, 1761, being issued one year after it was 
petitioned for by the above mentioned parties. In area it is a trifle over six 
miles square, or about 24,690 acres. 

The charter bears the usual restrictions and reservations incident to all the 
Wentworth charters, the tract being bounded therein as follows: — "Begin- 
ning at the north-west corner of Dorset, from thence running due north six 
miles; thence due east six miles; thence due south six miles, to the north- 
east corner of Dorset aforesaid ; and thence due west by Dorset aforesaid, 
six miles, to the north-west corner, which is also the south-east corner of 
Pawlet, and that the same be and is hereby incorporated into a township, by 
the name of Danby, and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit the 
said township, are declared to be enfranchised with, and entitled to all 
and every the privileges and immunities that towns within our province by 
law exercise and enjoy." The bounds of the township have never been 
changed, remaining the same to-day that they were in 1761. 

The surface of the town is diversified by numerous hills and valleys, lend- 
ing a charm to the scenery, at the same time affording superior advantages 
for all kinds of agricultural and pastoral pursuits. The rich valleys, clothed 
with waving grain, and the verdant hill-slopes affording pasturage for numer- 
ous flocks, all being embeUished and enriched by numerous springs and Hmpid 
streams, affording numerous mill-sites. With all these,- is it to be wondered 
at that the Danbyites are a prosperous happy people ? 

Danby Mountain, sometimes called "Spruce," extends north and south 
through the entire length of the township, intersecting on the south with what 
is famiUarly known as "Dorset Mountain." Another range of hills extends 
through the eastern half, thus dividing the town into three sections, designat- 
ed as the east, west, and middle. A portion of Otter Creek valley is included 
within the Hmits of the town, east of which lie the Green Mountains. 

Of the numerous small streams the two principal are Mill River and 
Flower Brook. Mill River is formed by the junction of a large number of 
small streams, one of which rises in the extreme south-western part of the 
town ; it flows an easterly course through the township, emptying into Otter 
Creek, in the township of Mt. Tabor. 

Flower Brook rises in the north-western part of the town, flows a southerly 
course for about one mile, then turns westerly and empties into Pawlet River, 
in the town of Pawlet. A small pond or lake is situated in the center of the 
township, caUed Danby Pond, the outlet of which flows into Mill River. 
Otter Creek flows through a portion of the north-eastern part of the town, 
and the Bennington and Rutland Railway crosses the north-eastern corner. 


Several mineral springs, noted for their medicinal qualities, are located in 
different parts of the town, the principal of which, discovered in 1869, is 
situated about two miles north of Danby borough. 

The principal part of the town is of the .Eolian limestone formation, while 
the north-western and north-eastern part is of the talcoid schist. Several good 
marble deposits have been found, though none are worked to any great extent. 
Clay, suitable for brick manufacture is abundant, while plumbago and sulphuret 
of lead are found to some extent. The soil presents numerous varieties, from 
the finest alluvial deposit to clay, nearly all of which are susceptible of culti- 
vation. The timber is that common to the surrounding towns. This is one 
of the best sugar producing towns in the county. 

In 1880, Danby had a population of 1,202. The township was 
divided into twelve school districts, contained thirteen common schools, 
employing five male and seventeen female teachers, at an aggre- 
gate salary of $3,571.00. There were 258 pupils attending common 
schools, and the whole cost of the schools for the year ending October 30th, 
was $2,811.00, with J. C. Williams, Esq., superintendent. 

Danby, a post village and station on the Bennington and Rutland 
Railway, located in the eastern part of the township, is the largest village. 
It contains three stores, two tin shops, one grist mill, one saw mill, one hotel, 
one church, two blacksmith shops and about one hundred inhabitants. 

Danby Four Corners, (p. o.) located north-west of the borough, near the 
centre of the township, is a small hamlet containing one store, one cheese 
factory, one blacksmith shop and half-a-dozen dwellings. 

H. B. Jenkins' grist mill, located near Danby borough, is operated by 
both water and steam power, has two runs of stones and grinds 10,000 
bushels of grain per annum. 

O. B. Hadwin's grist mill, located at Danby borough, operates one run 
of stones, by water power, and grinds several thousand bushels of grain 

E. Kelley's saw mill, located on road 40, is operated by water power, has 
one circular saw for cutting lumber, and two small saws for cutting shingles, 
lath, etc., and has also a planing mill attached. Mr. Kelley employs three 
hands, and manufactures 300,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

Parris Valley Cheese Factory, located in the western part of the township, 
was established in 1875 by L. G. Parris, and is still operated by him. He 
uses the milk from 200 cows and manufactures 2,000 pounds of cheese per 

Harris F. Otis is probably the most extensive sugar munufacturer in this 
section of the country. He taps over 3,000 trees per year. In 1880 he 
manufactured 1,500 gallons of maple syrup. 

The first proprietors meeting was held on the 24th day of September, 
1760, at the house of Nathan Shepard, in Nine Partners, N. Y., when 
Jonathan Ormsby was appointed clerk. Samuel Rose was appointed agent 


to go to Albany and get what information he could relative to obtaining a 
grant in the western part of the Province of New Hampshire. At a meeting 
held on the 15th of October following, Jonathan Willard was chosen agent 
to go to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and procure a charter. The request of 
the proprietors was granted, and on the 27th of August, 1761, as before 
stated, the charter was issued. Of the sixty-eight grantees, each one's share, 
accordmg to the charter, was about 250 acres, although but few of the original 
proprietors ever settled within the township. The five hundred acres, re- 
served in all charters for the Governor, was located upon the mountain in 
the south-western part of the township, and still bear the name of " Gover- 
nor's Right." 

According to the directions of the charter, the proprietors of the township 
held their first meeting after the grant, at " Great Nine Partners, Cromelbow 
Precinct, Dutchess County," Sept. 22d, 1761, with Jonathan Willard as moder- 
rator. At this meeting Jonathan Ormsby was appointed clerk, Aaron Buck, 
treasurer, and Samuel Shepard, constable ; a committee composed of the 
following, was appointed " to set out from home the third Monday in October 
next, in order to proceed on business of making divisions of land, etc. :" 
Jonathan Willard, Jonathan Ormsby, Samuel Rose, Nehemiah Reynolds, 
Moses Kelly, Daniel Dunham and Stephen Videto. 

At the first annual meeting of the proprietors, held at Nine Partners on the 
second Tuesday of March, 1762, the number of this committee was reduced 
from seven to three, who were to finish laying out the lots. This committee 
was engaged during the summer of '62 in making the surveys, and on the 5th 
of October another meeting was held at the inn of Lewis Delavargue, to hear 
a report of their proceedings. This report showed that • the work was not 
wholly completed, and would have to be delayed until another spring, when 
Darius Lobdel, Aaron Buck, Jonathan Palmer and Zephaniah Buck, were ap- 
pointed to proceed at once and finish laying out the land. This committee 
finished the surveys of the first division during that summer (1763), and the 
lots were numbered, each share containing, as the proprietors had voted, 100 

On the 5th of Sept. 1763, the proprietors met at the house of Capt. Michael 
Hopkins, in Amenia Precinct, Dutchess County, N. Y., for the purpose of 
drawing their lots. This was performed by placing numbers in a hat, correr 
sponding to the numbers of the surveyed lots, and Abraham Finch and Daniel 
Shepard were appointed to draw for each proprietor's lot. Thomas Rowley 
was surveyor in the first division, who had been employed by the committee 
for that purpose. Each proprietor was to pay his share of the cost of survey- 
ing, or forfeit his right. The drawing was all done fairly and gave general 

In the fall of 1763 or spring of 1764, a road, or rather bridle path, was 
laid out from Bennington to Danby, by Darius Lobdel and Samuel Rose, and 
the following summer was worked some, those who worked upon it being 


paid in land. This was the same route now used as a highway, leading from 
Danby to West Dorset, across the mountain, and was for a long time the 
only road leading to the township, and accounts for this part of Danby 
being settled first. At the annual meeting on the second Tuesday of March, 
1764"^ held in Amenia Precinct, N. Y., the proprietors agreed to donate 
land from the undivided portion of the township, to the person or persons 
who would make the first settlement. As yet no clearing had been made, 
and no attempts were made at settUng until the following year, when durmg 
the summer, Joseph Soper, Joseph Earl, Crispin Bull, Luther Colvm and 
Micah Vail came to the township, forming the first settlement. 

Joseph Soper, from Nine Partners, came first, with his family. Joseph 
Earl, from Nine Partners, came next and commenced a clearing west of 
Soper, and was followed by Crispin Bull, from the same place. Luther Col- 
vin and Micah Vail both came about the same time from Long Island. 
These five families constituted the entire population of the township in the 
spring of 1766, and were all active and useful men. Many of their descend- 
ants are still living in the township. 

The first annual town-meeting of the inhabitants of Danby, was held at 
the house of Timothy Bull, on the T4th of March, 1769. At this meeting 
Timothy Bull was elected moderator: Thomas Rowley, town clerk; Stephen 
Calkins, Seth Cook and Crispin Bull, selectmen ; Daniel Vanolendo, consta- 
ble ; Nathan Weller, treasurer ; Peter Irish, collector ; John Staff'ord, sur- 
veyor ; Joseph Earl, Stephen Calkins and Seth Cook, committee to lay out 


At a meeting, held Sept. 29, 1769, it was voted to lay out five roads 
in the township ; of these, the first was laid from the "notch" in the moun- 
tains to Joseph Earl's, which was the first road built in town. Town-meeting 
continued to be held at the house of Timothy Bull until 1773, when it was 
held at the house of Mr. Williamson Bull, and from this time until 1779 
they were held at the house of Micah Vail, as that part of the township was 
the most thickly settled, and was hence more convenient for most of the set- 
tlers. Roads were increasing in number, so that in 1773 it required three 
surveyors, who were Stephen Calkins, Ephraim Seley and Philip Griffith. In 
1786 they had increased so rapidly that it then required fourteen surveyors 

to locate lines. 

The census of 1800 shows the population of the town to have been four- 
teen hundred and eighty-seven. At that time nearly every part of the town 
was settled, the farms cleared up and under cultivation. Three saw-mills 
had been built, and considerable progress made in the erection of framed 
houses. Roads had been built in nearly every direction ; two stores and three 
hotels were in operation. There were but two dweUing houses at Danby 
borough at that time, and one hotel, kept by Bradford Barnes, but it was 
very thickly settled along Otter Creek, north of the village. The central part 
of the town, in the vicinity of Danby Four Corners, and south from there, 


was at that time the most thickly settled. That portion of the township known 
as " Bromley Hollow," and " South America," had also become quite thickly 
settled, and the township was in a flourishing condition. 

For the first fifty years after its settlement the population of the township 
increased rapidly, and then from that time until 1850 there was a falling off 
in population, owing in a great measure to emigration ; but the building of 
the railroad in 1851 gave a new impetus to business, and its population 
rapidly increased. Dan by borough soon became a thriving village, while 
business was nearly ruined at the Corners. 

Captain John Burt was' the first innkeeper in Danby, having kept a hotel 
on road 14, about the year 1775, which he kept for many years. The first 
tavern at the Corners was built by Elisha Brown, in the year 1800. The 
first store ever kept in town was in 1790, by Henry Frost, at or near the 
corner of roads 32 and 35. This store was in connection with the tavern. 
His successor was Jozaniah Barrett, who continued the business until about 
the year iSio. 

Joseph Soper, the first settler of Danby, came from Nine Partners, N. Y., 
in 1765, and located in the south-eastern part of the township, two of his 
brothers setthng in Dorset about the same time. His log house was the first 
erected in town, and for several months his was the only family in town. He 
came with two horses, bringing his family and effects upon their backs, and 
finding his way by means of marked trees. A few years after his settlement 
here, while on his way home from mill, at Manchester, a distance of fourteen 
miles, he was overtaken by a severe snow storm, in which, overcome by cold 
and exhaustion, he perished. His body was found the following day within 
one mile from his home. It was buried in a hollow log, on the spot where 
found, it being the first grave ever made in the township. 

Joseph Earl, the second settler of the township, came from Nine Partners 
in 1765, locating near the spot now occupied by the residence of John Hil- 
liard. He resided in Danby but a few years, having left during the 
Revolutionary war. He was a man of ability and bore a conspicuous part 
in organizing society. 

Crispin Bull, the third settler of Danby, came from Nine Partners in 1765, 
and commenced a settlement near the present homestead of John Hilliard. 
He at once took up a leading position, and was one of the first board of 
selectmen, elected in 1769. He also made the first clearing on the east side 
of the town, about the year 1772. He received from the proprietors sixty 
acres of land for sixty day's work building roads, which is now some of the 
best land in the township. He died in 1810, aged 70 years, having passed a 
long, laborious and industrious hfe. His wife, Mary Carpenter, died in 
i833> aged 92 years. 

Luther Colvin came from Rhode Island to Danby in 1765. He was the 
fourth settler in the town, and found his way thither by means of marked trees. 
Luther Colvin, like all the other settlers, brought with him a scanty supply 



of household articles and furniture, and experienced much difficulty in pro- 
curing the necessaries of life while making a settlement. It was his custom 
to go to Manchester to mill and back the same day, carrying the grist upon 
his back. At one time, when grain was scarce, he carried the last bushel of 
wheat he possessed, which was to last for several months, or until harvest 
time came again. He was a hard working man, possessed of considerable 
ability, and occupied a prominent place in society. He is said to have 
brought the first stove into town, and to have built the second frame house. 
He became a Quaker, and joined the society. He died in 1829, aged about 
90. His wife, Lydia Colvin, who died in 1814, was also quite advanced in 
years. Their children were as follows: Stephen, Caleb, John, Catharine, 
Lydia, Esther, Anna and Freelove. 

Captain Micah Vail, one of the original five settlers who came to Danby in 
1 765, was born in 1730, the seventh son of Moses Vail, of Huntington, Long 
Island, and of English descent. He was considered a very efficient man in 
town aff'airs, and exercised a great deal of influence among the people of his 
times. It may be truly said that he was one of the fathers of the town. He 
was the moderator of the annual town meetings of 1773 ^.nd 1774; was one 
of the board of selectmen in 1770, and again in 1775. He was associated 
with Allen, Warner and others, in defending the rights of the people during 
the struggle between New York and New Hampshire, being for several years 
a member of the committee of safety. He represented Danby in the conven- 
tion which met at the house of Deacon Cephas Kent, in Dorset, in 1776, and 
which declared the New Hampshire grants a free and separate district. He 
and his wife both died of the measles in 1777, the same day, and were buried 
in the same grave. They had a large family of children, some of whose de- 
scendants are still residing in Danby. The children were as follows : Debo- 
rah, Hannah, Louisa, Eunice, Moses, John, Phoebe, Lucretia, Edward and 

Lemuel Griffith, born in Massachusetts, in 1745, came to Danby in 1782, 
locating on the farm now owned by Michael Cunningham. He afterwards 
became a heavy landholder, owning at one time some six or seven farms, of 
several hundred acres. Mr. Griffith left numerous worthy descendants, many 
of whom became prominent citizens of the township. Some of them still re- 
side in Danby, and others in different parts of the United States. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Potter, who died in 1805, aged 63. He died in 18 18, aged 
73. Their children were David, George, Thomas, Jonathan, Mary and John. 

George Sovvle settled at an early date in Westport, Mass., where his son 
Henry was subsequently born. Henry had two sons. Wesson and Joseph, 
Wesson married Ruhama Robinson, of Westport, to whom was born a son 
James, in 1760. James, while still quite young, married Patience Macum- 
ber, and subsequently settled in Danby in April of 1792, locating upon the 
farm now owned by Albertus Warner, and occupied by James Sowle, Jr. 
The house was the first frame-house erected in this portion of the township, 


and is now over one hundred years old and still well preserved. The fire- 
places, of which there are three, were built when the house was erected, and 
are now in a good state of preservation, and still used in place of stoves for 
warming the rooms. The house was first built as an inn, but the road was 
changed to the valley before the building was completed, so the hotel was 
never kept here. 

EHhu Benson came to Danby from Rhode Island, in 1798, and settled on 
the farm now owned by Jared L. Cook, a great grandson of Benson's. Mr. 
Benson married Huldah Brow and resided upon the old homestead until his 
death, in 1806. They had a family of ten children, seven boys and three 
girls. Their daughter Elizabeth married Stephen Cook, and resided upon 
the old farm about thirty-five years and then removed to Dorset, where her 
husband died in 1852. She then returned to Danby and has made it her 
home on the old farm until the present time. 

Ira Cook, father of Jared L., who now resides in Pawlet, was born on this 
farm. He married Artemesia Lobdell, which union was blessed with one 
child (Jared L), she dying about 1850, when Ira subsequently married Rachel 
Herrick, and has one daughter. Jared L. married Lucy Colvin, and has 
two daughters. 

Oliver Harrington came to Danby previous to the Revolution, locating in 
the north-east part of the township, on the farm now owned by Benjamin 
Brown, where he resided until his death, at an advanced age. Andrew, son 
of Ohver, was born here, where he resided until his death. He married 
Lydia Miller, and had a family of seven children, three boys and four girls. 

Daniel Parris came to Danby from WiUiamstown, Mass., about the year 
1785, locating in the western part of the town, buying a small farm, to which 
he kept adding from time to time, until he finally owned one thousand acres, 
upon which he resided until his death, leaving a large family of children. 
Many of his descendants still reside in the township. 

Edward Vail, son of Capt. Micah, was born in Danby and resided there 
all his life, dying in 1-841. He was colonel of mihtia, and a captain in the 
war of 18 1 2. Started for the battle of Plattsburgh, but did not proceed any 
farther than Whitehall, where he learned that the danger was over, and re- 
turned. His son Edward was born in 1824, and has been a resident of 
Danby up to the present time. 

Harris Otis came to Danby from Mass. in the year 1794, locating upon 
the farm now owned by Harris F. Otis, son of William, and grandson of 
Harris. Harris was a physician and practiced in the township many years, 
and at the same time took a great interest in farming. He died in 1847, 
aged 72. WilUam Otis was born on the old Otis homestead in 1807, and is 
still a resident of the township, a very popular man and ex-representative. 
Has had a family of nine children, three of whom, WiUiam F., Harris F. 
and Grant M., are residents of the township. 

In the year 1778, Caleb Smith, from Uxbridge, Mass., came to the town 


of Danby, then a vast wilderness, and settled on the south-western part of 
the farm now owned by A. D. Smith. The spot chosen by him was one of 
the most picturescjue and beautiful in Vermont, overlooking as it does the 
broad valley of Otter Creek. Mr. Smith built a log house, then, after hard 
work, succeeded in cutting and burning over a space of twenty acres, and a 
year or two afterwards, planting a large field of corn on a piece of ground 
where now stands a large sugar orchard. Mr, Smith continued to improve 
his farm until his death, which occurred at the age of 80 years. Nathan 
Smith next located on the homestead, and in 1799 he built the house in 
which his grandson now resides, which at that time was considered one of 
the best in town. Upon the door handle is stamped the date 1799, which 
is considered a valuable relic, being still kept in use. Daniel Smith succeeded 
to the homestead. He was an industrious farmer, a good citizen and 
greatly esteemed. He died in 1830, aged 36 years. And now the old 
homestead is in the possession of Augustus D. Smith, whose enterprise and 
ability has made the farm renowned throughout New England as one of the 
greatest fruit and sugar producing farms in Vermont. 

Mr. Smith married Charity S., daughter of WiUiam Herrick, the union be- 
ing blessed by three children, Augustus N. W., who resides with his father and 
has charge of the farm. Charity V., also living with her parents, and Dan- 
iel C, a resident of the town. A. D. has always been a public spirited man, 
and has held various town offices during a period of many years. For seven 
years he held the office of justice of the peace, was Supt. of common schools 
from 1857 to 1 86 1, and has been president of the County Agricultural Society. 
The old homestead is the subject of the engraving on opposite page. 

The first Church society organized in the township was of Baptist denomi- 
nation, organized in 1781, and the Rev. Hezekiah Eastman was the first set- 
tled minister. The organization was kept up for some twenty years, and then 
began to decline. There is no organized society of this denomination at the 
present time. 

The first church was built in 1795, by a Methodist society, and stood west 
of the Corners, near the burial ground, and was torn down in 1822, after 
which time meeting was held in the brick school house. In 1838 the present 
Congregational church at Danby borough was erected by a union society, 
composed of Episcopal Methodists, Close Communion Baptists and Friends. 
The church south of the Corners was finished next, 1839. The society was 
composed of Methodists and Baptists. The church at the corners was com- 
pleted about the year 1840. This was designed as a union church, and dedi- 
cated as such, all the denominations being represented. 

The only society supporting a resident clergyman at the present time is 
the Congregational Church at Danby borough. This society was organized 
in 1869, by the Rev. Aldace Walker, D. D., having at its organization but 
twelve members, their first pastor being James P. Stone. They occupy the 
old church built in 1836, a comfortable structure capable of seating 225 per- 



sons. It cost about $2,300, but is now only valued at about $2,000, includ- 
ing the entire church property. The society now has about twenty-three mem- 
bers, with Lucean D. Mears as pastor. 

ip|AIRHAVEN is located in the western part of Rutland County, in lat. 
^? 43^ 36'} and long. 3° 48' east from AVashington ; and is bounded north 
W by Benson, east by Castleton and a part of Poultney, south by Poult- 
ney River, which separates it from Hampton, N.Y., and west by Westhaven. 
It originally comprised within its limits the towns of both Westhaven and 
Fairhaven, and was granted by the General Assembly of Vermont, convened 
at Manchester, on the 27th day of October, 1779, to Ebenezer Allen and 75 
others. It was then a wilderness, and until after the close of the Revolu- 
tionary war the territory was not improved to any great extent. Along the 
shore of the lake and the borders of the bay and rivers, there were a few 
settlements commenced, but mainly the township was the wilderness it was 
at the time the charter was issued. 

The surface consists of swells and vales, though there is nothing which 
deserves the name of mountain, but might perhaps, if the term is admissible, 
be called ranges of mountainous hills, extending principally in a north and 
south direction. 

Along the west line of the township extends a belt of talcoid schist about 
one mile in width, while the rocks east of this are composed entirely of the 
Georgia slate deposit, containing some of the finest and most lucrative slate 
quarries in the county. To these quarries, and to the manufacture of the 
slate taken therefrom, Fairhaven owes its principal wealth ; still, the verdant, 
picturesque vales, scattered plentifully over the township, present a large area 
of arable land that can scarcely be surpassed for productiveness, possessing 
a soil of great variety, consisting of gravel, sand and marl, and along the 
river valleys, alluvial deposits of rare fertility, and the whole is irrigated by 
numerous small streams issuing from the hill-tops, but the only ones of any 
considerable note are Poultney and Castleton Rivers. The former on ar- 
riving at the west Hne of Poultney, begins to form the boundary line between 
Vermont and New York, and running between Fairhaven and Westhaven, 
on the north, and Hampton and Whitehall, N. Y., on the south, falls into 
the head of East Bay, an arm of Lake Champlain. From Fairhaven it 
receives Castleton River. 

In the year 1783 a most remarkable change took place in the course of 
Poultney River. A little above its junction with East Bay, a ridge of land 
crosses in a northerly direction. The river at this place running a north- 
westerly course, on meeting the ridge, turned suddenly towards the northeast, 
and, after keeping that course about half a mile, turned westerly, rushing down 
a steep ledge of rocks, and forming a number of fine mill-privileges. The 
river had, for some years, been observed to be making encroachments upon 


the ridge at the place where it turned to the northeast; and in May, 1783, 
during a violent freshet, the river broke through the ridge, and, meeting with 
no rocks, it cut a channel one hundred feet deep, lowering the bed of the 
river for some distance above, and carrying immense quantities of earth into 
East Bay. The bay, which was before navigable for vessels of 40 tons bur- 
den, was so completely filled for several miles that a canoe could with diffi- 
culty pass at low water ; but the obstructions have since been mostly removed 
by the force of the current. On the north side of what is now known as the 
" Dry Falls," General Clark had commenced the erection of a saw-mill, which 
was of course rendered useless by the change of the stream. Numerous 
stories and traditions are told, claiming that the stream was diverted from its 
original course by human agency, and for the purpose of revenge on the above 
mentioned Clark ; but none of them are authentic, and have, we believe, no 
foundation in fact. 

Castleton River crosses the southern portion of the town and unites with 
Poultney River. In the north-east corner of the township is situated Glen 
Lake, a small, though handsome sheet of water, extending into Castleton on 
the east and Benson on the north. 

Inman Pond, located about three miles north of the village of Fairhaven, 
from which the village receives its water supply, is somewhat peculiar in its 
formation. It is located on the top of a hill, 207 feet above the village, cov- 
ering an area of from 80 to 85 acres, fed entirely by springs, and has been 
sounded to the depth of 200 feet and no bottom found ; which fact, taken to- 
gether with the peculiar formation of its shores, and the volcanic rock found 
while making excavations for the water-pipes, have led many, and with reason, 
to beheve it to be the crater of an extinct volcano. 

The D. & H. C. Go's R. R. passes through the southern part of the town, 
with a station at the village of Fairhaven, affording good faciUties for trans- 
portation of the manufactures of the town. 

Although the present town of Fairhaven comprises but two-fifths of the 
original grant, its business interests and wealth is far in advance of the portion 
separated from it in 1792. It is not only an agricultural, quarrying and 
manufacturing district, but its hills afford pasturage for large herds of sheep 
and cattle, the products of which form no mean item in the aggregate wealth 
of the people. 

Formerly the inhabitants were devoted, to a considerable degree, to the 
manufacture of lumber ; but the steady stroke of the woodman's axe has so 
gradually but surely thinned the forests that lumbering is now of minor im- 
portance. The timber consists of pine, hemlock, beech, maple, walnut, but- 
ternut, button-wood etc. 

In 1880 Fairhaven had a population of 2,212; it was divided into five 
school districts, and contains ten common schools, employing two male and 
thirteen female teachers', at an aggregate salary of $2,799.50. There were 
479 pupils attending school, and the entire cost of the schools for the year 
ending Oct. 30th, was $3,035.04, with Mr. Seth Thompson, superintendent. 


Fairhaven, a post-viilage and station on the D. & H. C. Go's Railroad, is 
the only village of the townhip. It is beautifully situated in the southern part 
of the town, on Castleton River, at which place there are falls, two affording 
fine mill-privileges. The village contains two banks, several churches, num- 
erous mercantile and manufacturing interests, and about 1800 inhabitants. 
Taken all in all, it is one of the most thriving as well as beautiful villages 
of its size to be found in the State. It was first laid out and established 
Dec. 3ist, 1820, under a general law of the State, by Isaac Cutter, John P. 
Colburn and Harvey Church, selectmen of the town at that time. From this 
time until the fall of 1865 no action was taken by the citizens relative to a 
village government, farther than a formal survey ; but in the fall of the above 
mentioned year the Legislature of the State passed a charter, or Act of incor- 
poration, erecting a tract of one square mile into a corporate village, and at 
a meeting held in the hall over Adams store, on the 4th of Dec. following, 
the inhabitants adopted the charter by a vote of 71 to 52, and the village, has f 
since, annually, at the meeting on the first Monday in December, elected its 
board of officers. By-laws were adopted on the 21st of February of the year 

In the centre of the village is a fine park, containing about six acres, sur- 
rounded by a neat fence and filled with fine maple shade-trees. From this 
park the principal streets of the village diverge, and around it are situated 
some of the finest residences of the town ; the marble residence of Mr. Adams 
facing it from the south, being perhaps the most conspicuous. The land in- 
cluded within the park was given to the town in October of 1798, by Col. 
Mathew Lyon, "for the friendship of the town of Fairhaven." In the spring 
of 1855 a "Park Association" was formed, the members paying one dollar 
annually for the purpose of planting trees in the park grounds. But few 
meetings were held, officers being last chosen in April of i860. Under the 
charter granted in 1865, the village corporation has full authority and power 
over the park, side-walks, streets, etc. 

One feature of the village, of which its inhabitants are justly proud, is its 
fine water-supply. At an adjourned village meeting, held on the 12th of Jan., 
1880, the trustees were empowered to bond the village for $30,000.00, for the 
purpose of raising money to construct the water- works. On May 7th an ad- 
ditional appropriation of $5,000.00 was made, and on the 1 2th of July work was 
commenced, thirty-five men being employed. Water is brought by means of large 
iron pipes, from Inman Pond — located about three miles north of the village, a 
natural reservoir of pure, cold, spring-water, affording ahead of 207 feet. The 
works were completed and tested on the 14th of December, giving entire sat- 
isfaction, and having cost the village $37,147.35- On the 20th of the same 
month, tapping of the main water-pipes was commenced. On the i ith of De- 
cember, a box containing seventy dynamite cartridges, stored in the engine- 
house of the works, near the pond, was accidentally exploded, causing a loss 
of several hundred dollars ; fortunately there was no loss of life. DweUing 


houses, situated three miles distant from the scene of the explosion, were 
quite severely shaken by the concussion. 

About eleven o'clock on the night of November 8th, 1879, the village was 
visited by a disastrous fire, which consumed the large hotel and block owned 
by C. C. Knight. The fire originated in a boot and shoe store kept by B. 
Merriam, and in spite of all efforts to the contrary, the building was entirely 
destroyed, causing a loss of about $30,000, mostly covered by insurance. 
Since that time the village has had no hotel. On the site of the old one Mr. 
Knight has erected a fine block, three stories high, having a front of 100 feet. 
The first floor is occupied by stores, the second by offices, and the third a 
hall for dramatic entertainments. 

The village has two fire companies, Fairhaven Hose Cos. No. i and No. 2. 
They use no engine, attaching the hose to the fire-hydrants, which throw a 
powerful stream, owing to the height of the reservoir, and affording one of the 
principal features of their excellent water-supply. 

The First National Bank of Fair/iaven was organized in 1864, with a 
capital of $76,000. At a meeting of the directors held on the i8th of Feb- 
ruary, Joseph Sheldon was chosen president, Merritt Clark, cashier, and 
Charles Clark, teller. The bank was opened in May, in a small building 
owned by Alonson Allen, on the south side of the park, where it was kept 
until February, 1870, when the new bank building, on the east side of the 
park being completed, the business of the bank was removed to its present 
place. The present building is substantially built of brick, iron and marble, 
two stories high, and has one of LiUie's best bank safes inside a heavy wrought 
iron vault, and is pronounced as secure as any bank vault in the State. 

The Allen National Bank of Fairhaven was organized April 2, 1879, ^ith 
a capital of $50,000, the first meeting towards its organization having been 
held on the i8th of March preceeding. 

The first list of directors was as follows: — Ira C. Allen, Simeon Allen, 
Norman Peck, C. C. Knight, M. L. Lee, Owen Owens and Ellis Roberts. 
Ira C. Allen was chosen president, Simeon Allen, vice-president, and Charles 
R. Allen, cashier, they all still retaining their positions. 

The F'airhaven Machine Shops, owned by J. Adams & Son, and under the 
superintendence of L. B. Clagston, is ranked among the most extensive 
manufactories of the town. In 1871 Mr. Clagston came to Fairhaven from 
Boston, to keep their marble saw-mill in repair, and to make repairs for other 
saw-mills in the vicinity. In 1873 he invented the Clagston patent gang-saw. 
The superior excellence of this saw was immediately recognized by the 
various marble companies of Rutland County, and orders for the same began 
to come in rapidly, which necessitated increased facilities for the manufacture 
of the same. In 1878 he invented the Clagston Pet Stone-Turning Lathe, 
the manufacture of which occasioned still further extension of the shops. 
This invention was followed by patents on slate-saws in 1879 ^^'^ 'So. 
Taken altogether, they form a business that keep the works in operation 
almost night and day, and employs fifteen men. 


Nathan R. Reed's saw-mill, located on Main street, was built about 75 
years ago, Mr. Reed having come into possession in 1866, and manufactures 
300,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

The Fairhaven Marble and Marbleized Slate Company was organized in 
1869, though the business had been conducted during a period of ten years 
previous to this date by some members of the present firm. They now em- 
ploy from 100 to 135 men, manufacturing as high as $140,000.00 worth of 
marble and marbleized mantels, shelves, tile, etc., per annum. 

R. C. Colburn commenced the manufacture of marbleized slate mantels in 
1869, continuing until 1876, when the firm name was changed to The Stewart 
Marbleized Slate Ma?itel Company, with T. B. Stewart, president ; R. C. Col- 
burn, treasurer. They employ about twenty men. 

Simeon Allen's slate-mill, located near the R. R. depot, was built by Mr. 
Allen in 1868. In 1875 it was destroyed by fire and rebuilt in less than 90 
days. Mr. Allen manufactures all kinds of slate goods. 

The slate quarrying business was begun in this town byAlonson Allen and 
Caleb B. Ranney, in the fall of 1839, the first opening being made about 2\ 
miles north of the village, on road i, at a point called Scotch Hill. The 
present Scotch Hill Slate Quarry is owned and operated by Griffith, Owen &i 
Co., who employ 30 men. Their mill, located at the quarries, saws and planes 
200,000 feet of mantel stock, etc., per year. 

The Vermont Union Slate Company was organized in 187 1, operating one 
quarry in Castleton and one in Poultney, employing about 45 men. 

The C. B. N. Slate Quarry, located in the north-west part of the town, 
on the farm of Rufus R. Hamilton, was opened in 1881, by John J.Williams, 
who commenced working the Scotch Hill quarry in 1851, which he continued 
to work until 1857, under the firm name of "The Fairhaven Slate Company," 
when the firm became insolvent, and a new firm started, Davey, Nichols & 
Co., who subsequently sold the property to a Boston firm, and they in turn 
selhng to the present firm, Griffith, Owen & Co. Mr. WiUiams is the inven- 
tor of the patent Slate Tile Roofing for flat roofs. He expects to manufac- 
ture from the C. B. N. slate, mill and roofing stock, and more especially the 
tile roofing. 

The Carver's Falls Slate Quarry, located in the north-west part of the 
town, was opened in 1880, by Benjamin Williams, who quarries roofing and 

Edwin R. BristoFs wood-turning shop, located on road 11, was built in 
1842. There was an old-fashioned saw-mill on the premises, built 70 years 
ago, and in 1878 Mr. Bristol put in a cireular-saw, and now manufactures there 
about 150,000 feet of lumber per year, and does quite an extensive business 
in wood-turning. 

Fairmou?it Trotting Park, located a little south of the village, on Prospect 
street, was built in 1874, and is now owned by Howard Leonard, Jufius Bos- 
worth and C. C. Knight. It has a half-mile track, pronounced by good judges 
to be one of the best in the State. 


Settlement was commenced the same year the charter was granted, to some 
extent, the following, with their famihes, having come into the town: John and 
William Meacham, Oliver Cleveland, and Joseph Ballard. 

Oliver Cleveland, the only one of the original settlers represented in the 
charter, located in the southern part of the township, having a farm consisting 
of 205 acres, lying between Poultney River and the east line of the township. 
He died in September 1803, and the property reverted to his sons, Josiah, 
Albert and James. 

William Meacham owned a farm south of Clet^eland, but had his residence 
on the opposite side of the river, in New York. 

John Meacham settled north of Cleveland, coming from Williamstown, 
Mass., with his wife and three children. His fourth child, Esther Meacham, 
born April 23, 1780, was the first child born in the township. Mr. Meacham 
was one of the members of the first board of selectmen, chosen in August, 
1783. He subsequently resided in Benson, where he died in 1808 or '09, 
aged 58 years. 

Joseph Ballard settled on the farm next west of Mr. Meacham's, upon 
which he died about 1795. There was scarcely anything done towards the 
improvement of the town until 1783, when Col. Mathew Lyon, Silas Safford 
and others moved into town, and the former commenced erecting mills. 

The first meeting of the proprietors to organize under the charter was 
held at the house of Nehemiah Hoit, at Castleton Corners, June 14, 1780, 
at which meeting Col. Ebenezer Allen was chosen moderator, and Capt. 
Isaac Clark, proprietors' clerk. Between this time and 1873 several meet- 
ings were held, but the township was not organized until the 28th of August 
of this year, at which meetings held at the house of Philip Priest, in Fair- 
haven, Mr. Priest was chosen moderator, and Eleazer Dudley first town 
clerk. The first selectmen were Philip Priest, John Meacham and Henry 

Col. Matthew Lyon settled where the village now stands, in the year 1783, 
and commenced to erect mills, having in operation -at this point, previous to 
1796, one furnace, two forges, one slitting mill, and one grist mill, and he 
did printing on paper manufactured by himself from basswood bark. Lyon 
came from Ireland when a boy, and was sold as an indentured apprentice 
until twenty-one years of age, to pay for his passage, the buyer paying for 
him a pair of steers and giving " boot money." 

He married a Miss Hosford, by whom he had four children, Anna, James, 
Pameha and Laurin. She dying, he married, as a second wife, the widow 
Beulah Galusha, a daughter of Col. Thomas Chittenden, afterwards the first 
Governor of Vermont. 

He first resided near the north end of the bridge which crossed the river 
just above the grist mill, subsequently building and residing on the site of 
the old tavern-stand on the hill, and at a later period, on the site now 
occupied by the Knight block. 


In 1796 Lyon was elected to Congress, taking his seat in November, 
1797, and was subsequently imprisoned in the jail at Vergennes, under the 
"Alien and Sedition Laws," and was released by the friends of Thomas 
Jefferson paying his fine of $1,000.00, for which restitution was made to 
his heirs by Congress in 1833. In 1820 Lyon removed to Arkansas, where 
he died on the ist of August, 1822, near Little Rock. 

The paper mill in Fairhaven was built by Col. Lyon about 1790 or 1791. 
His son, James, had charge of it at one time, and they manufactured the 
paper generally used in this vicinity, both for writing and printing pur- 

The first grist mill was built by Col. Lyon and Ager Hawley in 1783, and 
was located on the soutli side of the river, below the old paper mill. The first 
saw mill was built by Lyon about 1783, and stood on the north side of the 
Lower Falls. 

The question of dividing the township into two towns seems to have been 
agitated by the early settlers a great deal, the point at issue being the sub- 
ject of the dividing line ; but was finally settled by the Legislature on the 
3oth of October, 1792, though a number of the citizens in both parts of the 
town continued to protest against the division. The town of Westhaven 
took about three-fifths of the area of the original township, leaving to Fair- 
haven the remaining two-fifths. The two towns were jointly to elect one 
iepresentative to the General Assembly, which they continued to do until 
the annual election in 1823, when separate elections were held. 

Previous to this time, the annual freemen's meetings were held, sometimes 
at the school house near Mr. Minot's, in Westhaven, and at other times at the 
school house near Mr. Stannard's, in Fairhaven, the people of both towns 
meeting together and having at times a good deal of sectional feefing in re- 
gard to their affairs. 

Ethan Whipple came to Fairhaven from Rhode Island in 1786, settling 
about f of a mile north of the village, upon the farm now owned by John Al- 
lard, where he resided until the spring of 1831, when he sold the place and 
removed to the village, where he died December 18, 1836, aged 79 years. 

Tilly Gilbert, from Brookfield, Mass., came to Fairhaven in the spring of 
1788, where he remained until 1791, and then removed to Benson, and sub- 
quently to Orwell, returning to Fairhaven in 1799, where he became one of 
the most influential citizens of the township. In 1832 or '^^ he removed to 
Westhaven, where he died Sept. 5, 1850, aged 79 years. 

Benjamin F. Gilbert, a son of Tilly, is now a resident of Fairhaven. 

Joseph Sheldon came from Dorset to Fairhaven in 1798, locating in the 
north part of the town, upon the farm now owned by his grandson, Leander 
H. His son Harmon was born in 1804, and continued his residence here 
until his death, Aug. 29, 1874. Harmon married Angeline Maynard, and had 
two sons, Leander H. and Joseph K., both of whom are now living. Capt. 
Joseph Sheldon, brother to Harmon, and for many years a noted breeder of 


merino sheep, lived where Heman Stannard now resides, and died July i6, 

Barnabas Ellis came to Fairhaven from Hampton, N. Y., in the spring of 
1814. He was a leading and influential citizen, and died, much lamented, 
May 9, i860. 

Zenas C, son of Barnabas, was born July 25, 1820, and has always re- 
sided in the town, and now owns and occupies the old homestead, about 
one-half mile south of the village. He married Sarah B. Dyer, of Rutland, 
in 1847, and has four sons, George W., Edward D., Horace B. and Zenas H. 
George is an attorney in New York city, Edward is a physician, practicing 
in Poultney, Horace B. is at Castleton, proprietor of the Bomoseen House, 
and Zenas lives at home with his father. 

Stephen Fish came to Fairhaven from Uxbridge, Mass., in 1810, and 
located about two and one-half miles north of the village. He married Chloe 
Narramore and had a family of seven children, two of whom are now Hving, 
one, Mrs. Rebecca P. Whipple, a resident of this town. He died in 
Westhaven on the 3d of December, 1849. 

Charles Wood came to Fairhaven from Hartland, Vt., in 1815, residing 
here until his death, February 4, 1832. His son, ChaunceyE., now occupies 
the old homestead. 

Samuel Wood came about the same year, from Hartland, and now resides 
with his son, Nelson S., on road 16. 

Hiram Hamilton, successor to Joel, one of the early settlers, came to 
Fairhaven in 1823, where he now resides, on road 6. 

Hiram Briggs was born in Castleton, Vt., in 1806, and came to Fairhaven 
in 1838, locating on road 3, where he died in 1872, his widow, Susanna, still 
occupying the premises. 

Joseph Adams settled in Fairhaven, from Whitehall, N. Y., and was for a 
long time one of the first merchants and manufacturers of the place. His 
son, Andrew N. Adams, was born January 6, 1830, and graduated at 
Cambridge Divinity School, in Harvard University, July 17, 1855, but only 
preached for a short time, coming to Fairhaven in the summer of i860, 
where he has since been extensively engaged in marble and slate manufacture. 

Alonson Allen came to Fairhaven, from Hartford, N. Y., in March, 1836, 
and was for many years prominent in mercantile and manufacturing circles, 
taking an active interest in the development of the marble and slate business 
of the town. His widow, Mrs. Mary Allen, now resides in South Park 
place. Ira C. Allen, president of the Allen National Bank, was born in 
Bristol Vt., in 18 16, and came to Fairhaven in May, 1836, married Mary E, 
Richardson, a niece of Joseph Adams, and has four children. He is a 
prominent man of the town. 

The First Congregational C/iurc/i wSiS organized January 2, 1806, having 
at its organization only fifteen members ; Rufus Cushman, the first pastor, 
was installed on the 12th of February, 1807. The church building was 


erected in 1810, and is at present, including grounds, valued at $5,000, and 
will comfortably seat 250 persons. The present membership of the society 
numbers io3, with Rufus C. Flagg, pastor. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church, located at Fairhaven village, was organ- 
ized by Rev. Albert Chapin, in 1825. The first church edifice was erected in 
1843, which was followed by the present building, erected in 1877, at a cost 
of $15,000, which will comfortably seat 500 persons; the church property 
is now valued at $16,000. The society at present numbers 200 members, 
with Rev. Delmer R. Lowell, pastor. 

St. Mary of the Seven Dolors, (Catholic,) located on Washington 
street, was organized by Rev. Z. Druon, in 1855, having at its organization 
100 members. The church edifice was erected in 1873, ^'^ ^ cost of $40,000, 
and is capable of seating 1,000 persons ; the whole property being now valued 
at $50,000. The society has 700 members, is in a flourishing condition, with 
Rev. P. J. O'CarroU, pastor. 

The Welsh Protestant Society of Fairhaven was organized in the summer 
of 1 85 1, by Rev. Evan Griffiths, of Utica, and Rev. Thomas R. Jones, ot 
Rome, N. Y. Rev. Griffith Jones was the first pastor. A good brick church, 
on the east side of Main street, was erected by the society in 1857. costing 
about $3,500. The society has at present no pastor. 

The Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Society was formed by a portion of the 
members from the Protestant Society, who organized in 1859, and built a 
small edifice on the opposite side of the street. The society has no pastor at 

The First Baptist Church of Fairhavenvfa.% organized by 29 Baptist brethren 
on December 14, 1867, their first pastor being Rev. P. Franklin Jones. The 
building was commenced in 1870, and completed in 1873, costing about 
$34,000, and will accommodate 475 persons with seating room. The society 
at present has 145 members, with Rev. A. C. Ferguson, pastor. 

iUBBARDTON lies in the north-western part of the county, in lat. 43° 
43' and long. 3° 50' east from Washington, and is bounded north by 
'fll* Sudbury, east by Pittsford, south by Castleton, and west by Benson. It 
was chartered June 15, 1764, by Benning Wentworth, Governor of New 
Hampshire, to Thomas Hubbard and others. From Mr. Hubbard the town- 
ship takes its name. The towns in the southern part of the State being sur- 
veyed first, and most of them surveyed larger than the charter bounds, several 
towns in this vicinity were consequently contracted to less than their charter 
limits. Thus, Hubbardton, although it was chartered as a full township, and 
to contain 23,040 acres, with the usual reservations, by consequence of prior 
charters and surveys, some of the north part was held by Sudbury, and a gore 
on the east by Pittsford, so that it now contains but about : 8,000 acres. 
This was also the case with several other towns in this vicinity, there having 


been one whole township chartered by the name of Dunbar, entirely run out, 
there being no place left to locate it. The surface is hilly and broken, and 
towards the east, mountainous ; but in the valleys and lowlands there are 
many excellent farms, and on the hills graze large flocks of cattle and sheep, 
which form the principal wealth of the people. The country is well watered 
by numerous streams, lakes and ponds, which lend a pleasing diversity to the 
landscape. The streams, however, are all quite small, though the water is 
clear and limpid. Lake Bomoseen extends from Castleton, north, to nearly 
the centre of the township. Of the ponds there are about twelve distributed 
over the surface of the town, Horton Pond, in the north-western part, lying 
partly in Sudbury, being the largest. Bebee Pond, in the northern part of 
the town, is about one mile in length. Of the minor ones there are, Half 
Moon in the south-west part of the township, Keeler Pond in the northern, 
and Marsh, Austin and Black, in the central part. The principal rocks are 
quartz and slate. Of the latter, large quantities, suitable for roofing, and some 
suitable for pencils, have been found. Black lead has been found in small 
quantities inlaid in the rocks. Lead has also been found in small quantities, 
which contained some silver. Whetstones of a very superior quahty have 
also been considerably wrought. 

The greatest curiosity in the geological department is a course of rocks 
which cross the town in an east and westerly direction, different from any 
other rock found in its vicinity. It is in detached blocks, resembling rock 
ore in shape and appearance, only it is not as heavy or dark colored. The 
earth in which it is embedded is reddish, and has the appearance of burnt 
earth. In many places it crosses ledges of other rock, overlying them and 
detached from them ; in others it seems to have cut its way in a straight 
path, six or eight feet wide, and not uniting with any other rock. It appears 
to have been broken up into different shapes and sizes, and some blocks are 
full of holes, while others show white spots where they are broken. It is 
easy to break, and breaks in very straight lines. The color on the inside is 
bluish. The numerous ponds abounding with fish must have made Hub- 
bardton one of the favorite haunts of the red man. A short distance from 
the north-west corner of the town, there are found rehcs of an old Indian 
camp — arrow heads, &c. Near Marsh Pond there is a large circular mound, 
some six rods in diameter, composed of gravel, and apparently of artificial 
formation. This possibly may have been constructed by tribes who had 
wandered east from the " Mound Builders " of the west. 

There is also found near here a swamp in which are embedded large sound 
pine logs and stumps, directly under others of a larger growth, many feet deep 
in the earth. 

The soil, once covered with a rich vegetable mould, produced the finest 
wheat ; but owing to the decrease of vegetable deposits annually, as the forests 
become thinner, it has become more sterile, and is now better adapted to 
pasturage than tillage, and, as before remarked, the inhabitants devote their 


principal attention to sheep husbandry, forming the principal source of their 
wealth. The timber is beech, birch and maple, interspersed with pine, hem- 
lock and cedar. The sturdy woodman, however, has gradually shorn the 
forests of their grandeur, so there now remains but a comparative remnant 
of the original wilderness. 

Hubbardton steadily increased in population from the time of the first 
settlements to the year 1820, when it numbered 810; since which time it 
has steadily declined, while it has increased in wealth. In 1880, it had a 
population of 533, was divided into nine school districts and had eight 
common schools, employing four male and eight female teachers, at an 
aggregate salary of $793.00. There were 142 scholars attending common 
schools, and the entire cost of the schools for the year was $883.74. Zebulon 
Jones was superintendent. 

Hubbardton (p. o.) is a small hamlet, located near the center of the 
town, at the head of Lake Bomosecn. It contains one saw mill, one black- 
smith shop, one basket factory and about twelve dwellings. 

East Hubbardton (p. o.) is a small hamlet, located in a beautiful ravine 
in the south-eastern part of the township, near Mount Zion. It contains one 
church and eight dwellings. The Hubbardton Battle Monument is also 
located here, upon a rise of ground just above the place. It was erected by 
the inhabitants in commemoration of the battle of Hubbardton. 

HoRTONViLLE (p. o.) is another small hamlet, located in the north-west 
corner of the town. It contains one store, one grist mill, one saw mill, one 
butter-tub factory, cider mill, blacksmith shop, about fifteen dwellings and 
seventy inhabitants. It has several very beautiful residences, one of which 
is Cyrus Jennings', a very influential citizen of the town. 

The Vermont Soapstone Fencil Company have opened a quarry on the farm 
of M. M. Dickinson, where they expect to manufacture 30,000 slate pencils per 
day. The slate is said to be of most excellent quality for this purpose. 

Hubbard Saw Mill, located on road 15, upon the site of S. B. Walker's 
grist mill and clothing factory, was built in the year 1827. It has the 
capacity for sawing about 2,000 feet of lumber per day. It has also con- 
nected with it a cider mill. 

The first settlement of Hubbardton was commenced in the spring of 1774, 
by Uriah Hickok and WiUiam Trowbridge, with their families from Norfolk, 
Conn. In 1775, Samuel Churchill, William Spaulding, Abdial Webster, 
Benjamin Hickok, Jesse Churchill, Benajah Boardman and John Seleck 
moved their families here. The dwellings, as was common with all the early 
settlers of the country, were built of logs ; some of the houses were hewed 
inside and some were not ; the floors were mostly made of split logs, hewed 
on one side. Their chimneys were made large ; high in the chimney was a 
pole laid crosswise to hang the trammel on. Each chimney had one or 
two long iron trammels to hang the porridge-pot and dish-kettle on. 
The windows were of grained sheep-skin, or greased paper. After 


awhile their log-houses began to decay. Saw mills coming into use, 
they began to build frame houses, generally of one story, with a chimney in 
the middle ten or twelve feet square, with three fire-places and an oven. 
The kitchen fire-place was a large one, with a heavy iron crane, with hooks 
to hang the pots and kettles upon; this crane was quite a convenience, for 
it swung out into the room. The first frame building was built by Samuel 
Churchill, in the year 1785. The lumber was drawn 12I miles on an ox-sled, 
the nails being picked up at Ticonderoga Fort after it was burned. 

The town was organized and the first town meeting held the first Tues- 
day in March, 1785. The first Tuesday of the following month, the first 
meeting to organize a militia company was held, at which I. Gregory was 
chosen Capt., David Hickok, Lieut., and Silas Churchill, Ensign. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Uriah and Hickok,* was born August i, 1774, 

and died in September, 1776. This was the first birth and first death in the 

■\ town. 
: James Whelpley settled in Hubbardtonin 1787. He was a Revolutionary 
soldier, having served all through the war. Mr. Whelpley represented the 
town in the Legislature a number of years, was supervisor of the county a 
long time, and served the town as justice of the peace until obHged to give up 
the oftice on acccount of age and infirmity. In his day Mr. Whelpley was a 
, great hunter, and killed many deer, wolves, bears, foxes and wild-cats. He 
outlived all of his children, and died at the advanced age of ninety years. 

David Barber, and his wife, Sarah Lawrence, started from West Linesburg, 
Conn., to settle in Castleton, in the year 1783. On the journey, David was 
taken very suddenly ill and died. INIrs. Barber and the children continued 
the journey to Castleton, where she subsequently married Wm. Dyer, of that 
place. Her son, David H. Barber, born in 1770, went to reside with his uncle, 
Bigelow Lawrence, of Hubbardton, in 1784, and afterwards married Clarissa 
Whelpley, by whom he had several children. Mr. Barber died at an advanced 
age, loved and respected by all. A number of his descendants still reside in 
the town. 

Rufus Root, grandfather of Seneca Root now a resident of East Hub- 
bardton, was a soldier in 1777, serving under Gen. Stark when only 14 years 
of age. Three days after the battle of Hubbardton, he came through the 
town as one of a scouting party to pick up the stragglers and wounded. On 
the 24th of June, 1828, he visited the battle fields in company with his grand- 
son, Seneca. Nine years after this visit, in 1837, Seneca moved to the town, 
settling in East Hubbardton, on the farm now owned by Calvin Brothers, and 
married the daughter of Thomas Ketchum, of Sudbury. Mr. Root is one of 
the most enterprising men of the town. He was mainly instrumental in secur- 
ing a post-office at East Hubbardton, and was the first post-master, which 
office he held for fifteen years. 

Christopher Bresee settled on the farm now owned by A. Walsh, at an early 
date, where he resided 34 years, and then removed to the farm now owned 


by his son, Albert Bresee. Albert was the originator of the famous "Early 
Rose potato." He has a very fine residence, with beautiful grounds. 

Joseph Churchill came to Hubbardton in 1783. He was the father of twelve 
children, seven sons and five daughters, all of whom lived to be men and 
women, and there was not a death in the family until most of them were set- 
tled in the world. The youngest that died was twenty-four years old. His 
fourth son was killed by the Indians on the last day of the year 1813, at 
Black Rock. Mr. Churchill was much employed as an agent by the settlers 
in their land troubles. He served as justice of the peace and selectman 
many years. He died of a cancer, March 21, 1821, aged 71. 

Timothy St. John came to Hubbardton in the year 1785, settUng on the 
farm now owned by his son, Reuben. He built the first frame barn, which 
now stands in a state of good preservation. His sons, Reuben and Ezekiel, 
still occupy the old homestead. 

Frederic Dikeman, a native of Reading, Conn., was born August 26, 1760, 
served through the war of the Revolution, and removed to Hubbardton in 
1796, locating upon the farm now owned and occupied by his grandson, 
Myron M. Dikeman. 

Samuel Parsons was born in Reading, Conn., December 15, 1765, and 
moved to Hubbardton in the year 1787, and soon after married Esther Sellock 
and settled on the farm now known as the Parsons Hamlet. He died May 
27, 1846, aged 79. His wife, Esther, died February 21, 1848. 

Rufus Wilmot Griswold, the well known compiler of American literature, 
spent the greater part of his boyhood in Hubbardton. Mr. Griswold pos- 
sessed an active mind, but somewhat erratic in its operations. About 1837 
he published a paper in Vergennes for a short time ; but soon went to New 
York, where he associated himself with Horace Greeley in editing the New 
Yorker. He afterward became connected with several eminent journals ; and 
in 1842 and '43 with Graham's Magazine. He shortly afterward established 
his reputation as a man of letters, by publishing his " Poets and Poetry of 
America," and afterwards his " Prose Writers of America." His writings 
were widely diffused, through the periodicals of the day. At one time he was 
connected with the poet Edgar A. Poe in the publication of a magazine. 
After Mr. Poe's death he wrote a memoir of his life and criticism on his 
works. In this he handled Mr. Poe so roughly that he was censured, and 
perhaps justly, by many. The latter days of Mr. Griswold were not happy. 
Worn with study and toil, unfortunate in his domestic relations, he passed 
from youth to a premature old age. In the summer of 1857 he perceived 
that his Ufe was drawing to an end, and sought the humble and perhaps al- 
most forgotten home of his youth to die, but which he never reached ; having 
proceeded as far as Cambridge, it was deemed advisable to return to New 
York city, where he died soon after, in the 43d year of his age. 

The Battle of Hubbardton has already been spoken of in connection with 
the County chapter (see page 58), but it may be well to give it a passing 



glance. Col. Warner, the brave commander of the Httle band of eight hun- 
dred, was born in Roxbury, Conn., May 17, 1743, and died at the same place, 
Dec. 26, 1784, at the age of 41. Ticonderoga was abandoned by the Ameri- 
cans on the morning of July 6, 1777. Their baggage and stores were packed 
on board 200 batteaux, and despatched to Skeenesborough (Whitehall), N. 
Y., while the main body of the army proceeded by land on the route through 
Hubbardton and Castleton. At Hubbardton they were attacked on the 
morning of the 7th by the British light troops under Gen. Fraser, who were in 
eager pursuit. We will not give another description of the battle here, as the 
events and result of the brief yet fierce and bloody conflict have already been 
described. After the battle, Warner, with his usual perseverance and intrep- 
idity, collected his scattered troops, some of which had gone to Fort Edward, 
to which place St. Clair had retired with the army. 

At the Battle of Bennington, in August following, where the " Green Moun- 
tain Boys " so nobly retrieved their lost fortunes. Col. Warner was one of the 
chief officers of Gen. Stark, and was one of the General's principal advisers in 
arranging the plans of that battle, which resulted so advantageously to the 
cause of the Americans. At the time of the battle of Hubbardton there were 
but nine famihes in the town, all of whom fled to escape the danger. Upon 
their return to their homes after the battle, they found the bones of those who 
fell, stiU lying upon the field of battle, bleaching in the sun ; gathering them up, 
they were all buried in one grave, where for 82 years it remained unmarked 
and nearly forgotten, until on Thursday, July 7, 1859, a monument of marble, 
2 1 feet in height was reared by the 
citizens, to mark the spot. On the 
east side of the base of the monument 
is the following inscription : — 
" Hubbardton Battle 
fought on this ground, 
July 7, 1777. 

[North Side] 

Col. Warner Commanded. 

Col. Francis Killed. 

Col. Hale Captured. 

The Green Mountain Boys fought 

. bravely. 

[South Side.] 

This Monument Erected by the 

Citizens of Hubbardton and 


[West Side.] 
The only Battle Fought in 
During the Revolution." 

(Hubbardton Battle Monument.) 

In the spring of 1786 a school-house was built, and here the Word of God 


was preached until December 1787, when the people turned out and built a 
log meeting-house, at what is now East Hubbardton. It was large, well sup- 
plied with benches, and seats on the sides for the singers. At one end was a 
platform and a sort of desk for the preacher, while at the other end was a wide 
stone back for a fire-place, with a large chimney above, built of spHt sticks 
well plastered. This was the first church in the town. On the site of 
this church there was erected, in the year 1 800, another building, known as 
The Hubbardton Baptist C/inrc/i, with Elder Nathan Dana as pastor. Mr. 
Dana was the first settled minister in the town, and received the ministerial 
land. At its organization the Church had but twelve members, which has 
since increased to twenty-six, and is under the present pastorate of Rev. 
Zebulon Jones. The building is a comfortable structure, capable of seating 
about 200 persons, and is valued at $1,200. 

Hubbardton First Cojigregational Church, located near the centre of the 
township, on the turnpike leading from Brandon to Castleton, was organized 
by the Rev. Eleazer Harwood in November 1784. The first house of worship 
was erected in 1818, followed by the present one in 1838, which is a comfort- 
able structure, capable of seating 200 persons. At the organization of the 
Church there were but eleven members, with Rev. Ithamer Hibbard as pastor. 
The membership has since increased to forty-two. The late lamented pastor, 
John C. Edgar, who died April 29th, 1881, was of Scotch descent, and en- 
hsted in the Enghsh army as a drummer boy when he was but twelve years of 
age, and was one of the famous Light Brigade who,-»- 

" Came from the jaws of Death, 
Back from the mouth of Hell, 
All that was left of them, 
Left of six-hundred." 

He was but sixteen years of age when he returned from this grand charge, 
where the British light cavalry of 600, in the Crimea, at the battle of Balaklava, 
all but about 150 were killed. He was a graduate of Andover Theological 
Seminary, and possessed of superior ability. Although he was pastor of the 
Church but two years, he leaves, in the hearts of all who knew him, feelings of 
the fondest regret. 


Ij^RA is a triangular tract of land, about three miles in width at its broadest 
^ part, and eight in length, located in the central part of the county, in 
# lat. 43" 33', and long. 3° 55' east from Washington, and is bounded east 
by Pittsford, Rutland and Clarendon ; south by Tinmouth, south-west by 
Middleton, and west by Poultney and Castleton. A part of the township of 
Ira was taken to form the town of Middletown, Oct. 28, 1784, and again, 
by an Act of the Legislature in the year 1854, a portion of the township of 
Clarendon was annexed to Ira. Aside from these changes the town retains 
its original boundaries. 

Ira is supposed to have been chartered by Benning Wentworth about the 
year 1761. The original charter was in the Capitol at MontpeUer at the 


time the Capitol burned, and was probably destroyed. The town was or- 
ganized May 31, 1779, with Isaac Clark as first town clerk, who was at the 
same meeting chosen to represent the town in the Legislature. 

A large portion of the township lies upon the Taconic range of mountains, 
whose lofty, sterile peaks frown down upon but little good farming land. 
Many parts of the town, indeed, are incapable either of cultivation or settle- 
ment. There are, however, in some of the mountain valleys, and along the 
basin of Ira Brook, many excellent farms, and the hills are here covered with 
flocks of sheep, from which the town probably derives its principal wealth. 
Herrick Mountain, situated in the central part of the town, is the highest 
peak, being 2,661 feet above tide water. Bird Mountain, located a little to 
the north-west of Herrick Mountain, and about eight miles from Rutland 
village, is one of the most northern peaks of the Taconic range. Its eleva- 
tion is about 2,500 feet above tide water, and is rendered of peculiar interest 
to geologists, as it is composed almost entirely of quartz conglomerate, a 
mass of small qiiartz pebbles about the size of kernels of corn, cemented 
together. At all points on the mountain — except the north-east — the sides 
are so precipitous as to render its ascent nearly or quite impossible. 

The territory is watered by several streams, but they contain few good 
mill privileges ; hence it is that Ira is not engaged in the manufacture of 
lumber to as great an extent as her forests would admit had nature been 
more liberal in this respect. Ira Brook, the principal stream, rises in the 
southern part of the town, flows a north-easterly course and joins Tinmouth 
River in Clarendon. Castleton River crosses the northern part of the town, 
flowing a westerly course. The township is also crossed here by the Rutland 
& Washington Railroad. The timber is that peculiar to mountain districts, 
— namely, beech, birch, maple and hemlock, with some pine and ash. In 
some sections maple abounds to a great extent, from which is manufactured 
large quantities of sugar. 

In 1880 Ira had a population of 479, was divided into five school districts 
and contained five common schools, employing two male and nine female 
teachers, to whom was paid an aggregate salary of $756.50. There were 
123 pupils attending common schools, and the total cost of the schools for 
the year was $794.01. Simon L. Peck was superintendent. 

Ira, (p. o.) a small hamlet, located in the eastern part of the town, is the- 
only settlement of any extent, and contains a church, one blacksmith shop, a 
town hall and several dwellings. 

Limestone is found in some parts of the town, from which is made a very 
good quality of lime. The lime-kiln of A. E. 6^ S. W. -Day, located on 
road 9, manufactures about 2,000 barrels per annum. 

Stnith Johnso7is saw mill, located in the north part of the town, manu- 
factures 75,000 feet of lumber per year. 

Lincoln 6^ Day's sazv mill, located at Ira, on Ira Brook, manufactures 

1,000 feet of lumber per day. 


Among the first settlers of Ira are found the names of Sherman, CoHins, 
Carpenter and Lee. Just at what date they settled in the town is, so far as 
we can learn, not known, hut it was probably about the year 1770. The 
Lees settled in that portion of the town called "Ira Hollow," which contains 
some of the most fertile land in the town. Here the Lee family had 324 
acres of land, and quite a jiortion of it under cultivation. Lee, hov/ever, 
became a tory and sympathized with his mother country. For this he had 
to suffer the penalty ; accordingly, on the 24th of February, 1779, his farm 
was confiscated and he was obliged to leave ^he town under penalty of the 
" beech seal." His farm was sold for one hundred pounds, to Thomas 
Collins, of Lanesborough, Mass. 

The first marriage recorded in the town was that of Isaac Clark and 
Hannah, daughter of Gov. Chittenden, the ceremony being performed by 
the Governor, on the 5th of September, 1779. 

The first birth was Olive, daughter of George and Olive Sherman, Sept. 5, 
1773. The first death recorded is that of Hannah Baker, daughter of John 
Baker, on the 24th of February, 1785. 

Preserved Fish came to Ira from Berkshire, Mass., in 1790, and was 
married the following year to Abigail Carpenter, by whom he had twelve 
children ; she outliving him about two years and six months. Mr. Fish, when 
he first came to the town, worked at the mason trade. He held different 
offices in the town for many years, was a magistrate for over forty years, 
town clerk two years, represented the town thirteen years, and was foreman 
of the grand jury so often that the boys of Rutland had for a by-word "a 
true bill, P. Fish, foreman." Mr. Fish died October 10, 1849, i" '^is 79th 
year. Bradley Fish, a grandson of Preserved Fish, is still a resident of Ira. 
He has represented his district twelve years, i860 to 1873, and was associate 
judge in 1870, '71 and '72. There are numerous other representatives of 
the family in town. 

Abijah Ellis, whose father was one of the early inhabitants of Pittsford, 
came to Ira in 1850, and has since held several offices of trust in the town- 

Justus CoUins came to Ira among the early settlers, locating about one 
mile south of Ira hamlet, where he died at an advanced age. His son Harry 
now owns and occupies the old homestead, where he is extensively engaged 
in breeding blooded stock. 

Caleb Williams came to this town at an early date, residing here until his 
death, in 1872. His son, Cornelius, is still a resident of the town. 

Cephas Carpenter settled upon the farm now owned by Capt. Enos Fish, 
and was followed a few years after by his brother, Wilson, who settled in the 
south part of the town, where he resided until his death in 1855, at the age of 
88. He had a family of eleven children. 

Captain Enos C. Fish was born herein 1809, and has never been absent 
from the town four consecutive weeks during his life. 



Peter Parker came to Ira about 1790. Mr. Parker was rather an eccentric 
individual, of whom there is extant many humorous anecdotes. He was 
a great story-teller and doted on his courage as a fighter. A short time after 
he came to Ira, a few roguish boys, one night, learning that Peter would ])ass 
through the woods to the north part of the town, a little east of Bird Moun- 
tain, got some clothes and stuffed them with straw, so as to resemble a human 
being, and attached it to a tree over the road, in such a manner as to move it 
back and forth. Peter approached the object in war-like array, with fists 
drawn, and addressed it as follows : — " Who are you, God, man, or the devil? " 
and drew his fist and knocked it down, emptied out the straw, and carried off" 
the clothes, which he needed. He left Ira about 1830, going to Hampton, 
Washington County, N. Y., where he subsequently died at an advanced age. 

Daniel Giddmgs, one of the earliest settlers, planted, the first year he was 
in the town, a half acre of corn. In this corn-field he killed thirteen bears. 

During the war of 18 12, six minute men volunteered from Ira. At the 
time of the battle of Plattsburgh, the news came to Ira by a despatch to 
Preserved Fish, to start at once to West Clarendon and notify the people 
there. This Mr. Fish did, and upon the arrival of the despatch, the people 
were at meeting, but the meeting was immediately broken up and cooking 
commenced, so that early the next morning, Monday, a company started, pro- 
visioned, for Plattsburgh. Preserved Fish at this time oftered five dollars ex- 
tra per month, from his own pocket, to each man who would volunteer. 

During the war of 1861 and '65 Ira furnished the following three years' 
men : — Silas Giddings, Edward Haley, John Hunter, Joseph W. Parker, 
Aaron Savory, Cornelius Curtis, Thomas Long, Henry Tower, Henry 
Peters, Levi Plumly, Wm. H. Walker, James Fuller, Henry Davis, Charles 
W. Peck, Harrison Peck, CoUamer Persons, Rollin Russell, Sylvanus Wet- 
more, Manser Young, John Batchelder, Benjamin Mann, Wm. Hogle. One 
year's men : — James Fox, H. H. Wheeler, Henry Flagg. Nine months' 
men : — L. C. Parker, Charles Pateman, George Brown, Gilbert Hanly, 
Aaron Hinckly, Arthur Morgan, Cyrus Russell, Emmet M. Tower, James C. 
Wetmore, John Boar, Henry C. Tower. Three months' men : — Albert Fish 
and George Lincoln. 

The town clerks of Ira have been as follows: — Isaac Clark, May 31st, 
17797 Joseph Wood, March 30th, 1780; George Sherman, March 15th, 
1781 ; John Baker, March 24th, 1788 ; Cephas Carpenter, March 8th, 1792 ; 
George Sherman, March, 1801 ; Cephas Carpenter, March, 1802 ; Preserved 
Fish, March 2d, 1819 ; John Mason, March 7th, 1820; Preserved Fish, 
March ist, 1821 ; John Mason, March nth, 1823; Bradley Fish, June 4th, 
1 86 1. Mr. Fish has since that time filled the office. Cephas Carpenter held 
the office 25 years, and John Mason 39 years. 

The Baptist Church, located at Ira, was organized in 1783, by the Rev. 
Thomas Skeels, who was their first pastor. What the membership was at its 
organization is not known, but it at present has 106 members, although they 



have no regular pastor. The church building was erected in 1853, at a cost 
of about $2,000. The building committee was Leonard Morse, Bradley 
Fish and John Morse. The building will comfortably accommodate about 
three hundred persons, and is valued, including grounds, at about $2,000. 

•EN DON is located near the centre of the eastern part of the county, 
in lat. 43" 37' and Ion. 4° 10', east from Washington, and is bounded 
north by Chittenden, east by Sherburne, south by Shrewsbury, and 
west by Rutland. The township was chartered under the name of Medway, 
by Gov. Thomas Chittenden, February 35th, 1781, to Hon. Joseph Bowker 
and thirty-four associates, and then contained 8,890 acres. November 7th, 
1804, a portion of land called "Parker's Gore" was annexed and the name 
of Medway changed to Parkerstown. 

Parker's Gore was a tract of land bought of the county by Jonathan 
Parker, of Ri^tland, in 1 804. This tract was to have been sold to the highest 
bidder by the high sheriff of the county, which office was then held by 
Abraham Ives, of Wallingford. On the day advertised for the sale to take 
place, Ives opened the sale at 12 o'clock at night, in the interest of certain 
Rutland men. Parker therefore bought the land at a nominal value, making 
the sale of advantage to said sheriff. For this crookedness Ives was obliged 
to resign his office and leave the State to evade prosecution. The township 
retained the name of Parkerstown until November 6th, 1827, when it was 
changed to the present one of Mendon. 

The town was organized March 11, 1806, and the first town meeting held 
on this day at the residence of Johnson Richardson, the first justice of the 
peace. At this meeting Darius Shipman was chosen moderator ; John Page, 
town clerk, and Benjamin Farmer, Johnson Richardson and Daniel Bradish, 
selectmen. The selectmen were also appointed a committee to receive a 
deed of Jonathan Parker for a certain mill-privilege for the use of the town. 

Mendon lies mostly on the Green Moun- 
tains, and the surface is very broken and un- 
even. Much of the land is high and cold, 
being unfit for settlement or cultivation. There 
is some good farming-land, however, especi- 
ally along its western border, and much good 
grazing land. Sheep-growing is carried on 
quite extensively, but as large portions of the 
town are covered by heavy forests, lumbering 
forms the principal industry of the people. 
The town is watered by numerous mountain- 
-.N^juijj streams, abounding in trout and affording good 
(Trouting.) mill-sites, of which East Creek, flowing a 

westerly course through the northern part of the town, is the largest. 


In 1880 Mendon had a population of 629, was divided into seven school 
districts and had six common schools, employing ten female teachers, at an 
aggregate salary of $603.88., The number of pupils attending common schools 
was 150, and the total cost of the schools for the year ending October 31st, 
was $689.18. Dr. Orel Cook was school superintendent. 

Mendon, (p. o.) a hamlet located in the north-western part of the town, is 
the only settlement. It contains one store, one blacksmith shop, one saw- 
mill, one church (M. E.), and about one hundred inhabitants. 

E. H. Ripley's saw-mi//, located at Mendon, was built in 1853, by William 
Y. Ripley. It cuts about 2,000 feet of lumber per day. 

Ore/ Cook's saw-mill, on East Creek, was rebuilt by him in 1871. It has 
a capacity of about 5,000 feet of lumber per day. 

Darius Coutt's saw-tnill, located on East Creek, was built about the year 
1836. It has since been rebuilt and a circular-saw added, and now has a ca- 
pacity of about 4,000 feet of lumber per day. 

Of the first settlers of Mendon but Uttle is known, although many grand- 
children of the early settlers still reside in the town. In 181 1 Mendon had 
only eleven voters. The first birth recorded in the town was Trowbridge 
Maynard Richardson, son of Johnson and Sibel Richardson, born November 
17, 1800, and died May 6, 1803. The first marriage recorded was that of 
Simon Parker and Lucy Perkins, by Johnson Richardson, justice of the peace, 
January 2, 18 10. Johnson Richardson was also the first representative, 
elected in 1812. 

Jonathan Eggleston, from Pequomick, Conn., Johnson Richardson and 
some of the first town officers, with their families, were the first settlers of the 
town. Eggleston settled in the north-west part of the town about the year 
1792, and many of his descendants still reside there. The first tavern was 
kept by Johnson Richardson, in the northern part of the town, near East 
Creek. The building has long since gone to decay, and in the middle of what 
was once the cellar, there is growing a tree about two feet in diameter. 

The Indian " Capt. John " was quite a character in the town, being the 
only Indian, so far as known, ever living within its hmits. He belonged to 
some tribe in the western part of New York, from whom he had to flee for 
exposing some of their plans to the whites. 

It seems they had planned the massacre of a white settlement near their 
village, and John, being friendly, warned the whites of their danger. They 
accordingly were prepared, and repelled the Indians when they made the at- 
tack. For this act John was obliged to flee from his people to the whites ; 
they, however, mistrusted him, and as a punishment sht both |^is ears. He 
subsequently joined the American army, where he acted as a scout, and was 
afterward pensioned by the Government for his services. After leaving the 
army, not daring to be seen by his people, he fled to the wilds of Parkerstown, 
and built a camp not far from Johnson Richardson's, dwelling here and in the 
surrounding towns for many years. Indians from his tribe often came here 


in search of him, but the whites would secrete him until they left. On one 
occasion John was cornered by three Indians, when he promptly shot two of 
them and wounded the third. After this he wa^ molested no more. John 
lived to be very old, none knew his age, but was supposed to be about ninety 
when he died. 

In May, 187 1, a large fire occurred in the part of Mendon called the 
" Notch." by which a saw-mill, two barns and seven dweUings were burned, 
with the goods and household stuff they contained. Several families were left 
destitute. The loss was estimated at about $20,000.00. 

Zidon Edson from Grafton, Vt, was one of the early settlers of Parkers- 
town. He built the fiist mill in town, in 18 10, which was destroyed by a 
freshet in 181 1. 

James K. Pearson came to Mendon from Rutland in 1835. He was a 
prominent man and held several town ofiFices. He died in March, 1853. 

Cyrus Edson from Bridgewater, Mass., moved to Parkerstown in 1825, 
where he Hved until his death, at the advanced age of 85. 

William Shedd was one of the early settlers of Rutland, and subsequently 
removed to Mendon, in 1846, where he resided until his death, April 26, 1873. 
His son, Henry, born June 5, 1841, came to Mendon with his father and has 
resided in the town ever since; he represented the town in the General 
Assembly in 1880, and has been selectman a number of years. 

Daniel Gleason, with his son Abel, came to Rutland from Keene, N. H., 
about the year 1800. Henry, son of Abel, is now a resident of Mendon. 

Dr. Orel Cook was born in Rutland in 1813, and located in Mendon in 
1870. Dr. Cook was graduated at Dartmouth College. During the war he 
was acting surgeon of the hospital at Eouisville, Ky. He has held various 
offices in the town, and was a member of Assembly from Mendon in 1872 
and '74, and is now State Senator. 

The following is a list of the town clerks since the organization of the 
town: John Page, 1806; Johnson Richardson, 1808; John Page, 1809; 
Phihp Perkins, 1810; Zidon Edson, 1811; John Shaw, 1812; Wm. Sabin, 
1813 ; Elisha Easterbrooks, 1817; Nathan Fisher, 1823; Draper Ruggles, 
1833; Edward Mussey, 1834; Ira Seward, 1835; Edward Mussey, 1836; 
Zidon Edson, 1840; James K. Pearson, 1841; Ebon C. French, 1850; 
James K. Pearson, 1852 ; J. R. Royce Pearson, 1863 ; Alpheus S. Snow, 
1855; James W. Kimball, 1857; James E. Seward, 1859; Newton Squires, 
i860. Mr. Squires still holds the office, 1881. 

While Johnson Richardson was keeping the pubHc house at Mendon, it 
was necessary for Mrs. Richardson to keep a servant. On one occasion this 
servant happened to be a bright, smart lass, by the name of Lydia Fales. 
Mrs Richardson's son, Rufus, had an eye for beauty, and consequently paid 
numerous little attentions to the pretty Lydia, and as a natural consequence, 
they soon became very much in love with each other. Both were 
"workers," and quite economical, and neither liked to spare time to go 


to Rutland to get married, that being the nearest place they could get 
any one to perform the ceremony. Thus affairs stood, until one day Esq. 
Williams of Rutland, while on his way to Woodstock, stopped at Richardson's 
to bait his horse. Lydia was washing that day, and had finished all but 
mopping the floor. She was right in the midst of this healthful exercise, when 
Rufus came rushing in and informed her a justice of the peace was in the 
house, and they could be married immediately. This Lydia agreed to,_ pro- 
viding she could have the ceremony performed just as she was, without hav- 
ing to stop to change her dress. This was agreed to, and she dropped her 
mop, the Squire came and performed the ceremony, after which she resumed 
her work. She made him a good wife, was a good ■ neighbor, and a kind 
mother to a large family of children. Rufus became one of the first busi- 
ness men of the town, and was considered so as long as he lived. 

During the late war of 1861 and '65, Mendon furnished, in number, for 
soldiers, more than half the number of legal voters in the town, paid $13,000 
bounty money, and $2,400 commutation money. She also furnished two 
men over the quota required of her. Quite a number of men belonging to 
Mendon, enlisted in and went for other towns. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church of Mendon, located at Mendon village, 
was organized by the Union Society, July 28, 1859, with Elder Spencer as 
pastor. At its organization it had but twenty members, the membership 
having since increased to forty, with John S. Mott for their present pastor. 
The building was erected in i860, will comfortably seat about 300 persons, 
and cost $1,000. The value of the church property is at present estimated 
at about $1,200. 

^»IDDLETOWN is situated in the south-west part of the county, in 
*^^* lat. 43° 28', and long. 3° 57' east from Washington, bounded north 
W by Poultney and Ira, east by Ira and Tinmouth, south by Tinmouth 
and Wells, and west by Wells and Poultney, the territory which comprises 
it being taken from these four towns. It is entirely surrounded by high 
mountains, causing ingress and egress to be exceedingly inconvenient, if not 
to say difficult ; and it is owing to this fact that the town is in existence. 
This statement will be explained by the following extract from the records of 
the February session of the General Assembly of the State of Vermont, held 
at Bennington, in 1784: — 

" A petition signed by Joseph Spaulding and fifty others, inhabitants of 
the north-west corner of Tinmouth, north-east corner of Wells, south-east 
corner of Poultney, and south-west corner of Ira, setting forth that the 
mountains around them are so impracticable to pass that it is with great 
trouble and difficulty that they can meet with the towns they belong to, in 
town and other meetings, &c., and praying that they may be incorporated 
into a town, with the privileges, &c., was read and referred to a committee of 
five, to join a committee from the Council, to take the same into consider- 
ation, state facts and make report. The members chosen were Mr. Whipple, 
Moses Robinson, Mr. Jewett, Mr. Taylor and Mr. Cogsell." 



That the committee looked upon the matter in a favorable light is shown 
by the following Act of the Legislature, in session at Rutland, on the 28th of 
October, 1784 : — 

" Whereas, the inhabitants of a part of the towns of Wells, Tinmouth, 
Poultney and Ira, which are included in the bounds hereinafter described, 
have, by their petition represented, that they labor under great inconvenience 
with meeting with their several towns for public worship and town business, 
by reason of being surrounded by high mountains. 

" Be it therefore enacted, and it is hereby enacted by the representa- 
tives of the freemen of the State of Vermont in General As- 
sembly met, and by authority of the same, that the tract of land 
or district of land hereinafter described, be and is hereby created and incor- 
porated into a township, by the name of Middletown, and the inhabitants 
thereof and their succes-sors with the like privileges and prerogatives which 
the other towns in the state are invested with, viz : Beginning at a beech 
tree marked, standing west 26° south 310 chains from the north-east corner 
of Wells ; thence east 40° south 290 chains, to a white ash tree standing in 
Tinmouth west Hne ; thence east 10'^ south 45 chains, to a beech marked; 
thence north -2^-}^° east 264 chains, to a beech tree marked; thence north 10° 
west Ti'h'S chains, to a stake and stones standing in Poultney, east line; thence 
south 10" west 28 chains, to stake and stones; thence west ii'" north 60 
chains, to a small beech marked ; thence south 45 chains, to a hard beech 
tree; thence west 40° south 207 chains 5 links, to a stake and stones stand- 
ing in Wells north line; thence west south 4 chains, to a stake; thence 

south 10" west 185 chains, to the first mentioned bounds." 

From the north-west corner of Tinmouth was taken 3,510 acres ; from the 
north-east corner of Wells, 6,118 acres; from the south-east corner of 
Poultney, 2,388 acres, and from the south-west comer of Ira, 1,825 acres, 
giving the township an area of 13,841 acres. Joseph Spaulding, the first in- 
stigator of the petition presented at Bennington, was a practical surveyor. 
He took the lead in the movement, and made the survey of the town, in 
which he was governed by his own judgment, the people submitting that mat- 
ter to him, and he seems to have given general satisfaction in his decision. 
After he had made his survey, and completed his arrangements for bringing 
the matter before the Legislature, the people conceded to him the honor of 
naming the town, which he did. Mr. Spaulding had removed to this section 
from Middletown, Conn., hence that name was thereby suggested to 
him as being very appropriate, as the new township would lie in the 
middle of a section composed of four towns. On the 17th of the 
following month (November, 1784) a meeting for the organization of the 
town was held at the Congregational church, then a log structure, standing 
near the south-east corner of the burial ground. At this meeting Edmund 
Bigelow was chosen moderator ; Joseph Rockwell, town clerk, and Edmund 
Bigelow, justice of the peace. A committee was also appointed, consisting 
of Edmund Bigelow, Joseph Rockwell and Joseph Spaulding, to reckon with 
several of the inhabitants of the town, respecting the costs made in getting 
the town established, for which services the said committee, at an adjourned 
meeting, were voted ^2. 12s. 6d. The first annual town meeting was held 


March 7th, 1785, at which Hon. Thomas Porter, of Tinmouth, was chosen 
moderator ; Joseph Rockwell, town clerk ; Jonathan Brewster, Jacob Wood 
and Edmund Bigelow, selectmen ; Caleb Smith, town treasurer ; Ephraim 
Wood, constable ; Asher Blunt, Jona Griswold, Reuben Searl, listers ; Silas 
Mallary, collector; Jona Frisbie, leather sealer; Samuel Sunderlin, Reuben 
Searl, grand jurymen ; Nathan Record, tithing-man ; Elisha Gilbert, hay ward : 
Caleb Smith, brander of horses; Increase Rudd, sealer of measures ; Edmund 
Bigelow, sealer of weights ; Abraham White, Solomon Hill, John Sunderhn, 
Benjamin Haskins, Benjamin Coy, Phineas Clough and James McClure, 
highway surveyors ; Luther Filmore, pound-keeper ; Thomas Morgan, Wm. 
Frisbie and Increase Rudd, fence viewers. 

The surface of Middletown is broken and uneven, but still retains some 
intervales of arable productive land. The hills and mountain-sides afford 
pasturage for large herds of sheep and cattle ; hence it is that the township 
is noted rather as a stock and wool-growing section than a grain-growing 
district. The rocks are those peculiar to most of the country lying on the 
Taconic range of mountains, Talcoid schist preponderating. The soil is 
mostly a gravelly loam, with some alluvial deposit from the mountains, both 
affording good farming-land, and especially along the Poultney River, where 
are found many excellent farms. The products are wheat, oats, rye, buck- 
wheat, Indian corn, potatoes and hay. 

The only considerable stream is Poultney River, which has, however, 
numerous small tributaries. It rises in Tinmouth and flows a westerly course 
through this township into Poultney. The timber is mostly beech, birch, 
maple, hemlock, cedar, spruce and ash. From the maple large quantities of 
sugar is manufactured. 

In 1880 Middletown had a population of 824, with eight common schools, 
employing three male, and ten female teachers, at an aggregate salary of 
$823.50. There were 160 pupils attending common schools, and the entire 
cost of the schools for the year ending October 31st., was $1,025.60. Mr. 
L. H. Jennings was superintendent. 

Middletown Springs, a post village located in the central part of the town, 
on Poultney River, has three hotels, four stores, two cheese factories, three 
churches, one foundry, two blacksmith shops, the horse power and threshing 
machine works of A. W. Gray's Sons, and about fifty dwellings. 

The village is also noted for the mineral springs found here, from which it 
derives its name. The springs are situated on the north bank of the river, 
and are said, in tradition, to have been used by the red man as far back as 
were those at Saratoga. Be that as it may, a century ago they were found 
by the first settlers, led to them by the Indians, and were used with great 
benefit ; but being off the line of any great thoroughfare, and the country at 
that time a wilderness, their use was local. But in the great freshet of the 
year 181 1, the great storm flooded the Poultney River, and it overflowed its 
banks, cut a new channel and left these springs buried deep under hundreds 


of tons of dirt and debris. Their history was almost lost, and they existed 
only in tradition. Young men and maidens grew to manhood and woman- 
hood — to old age; saw their grandchildren rise up to take their places, and 
after more than half a century, in 1868, another flood sent the Poultney 
River over its banks, and by a freak of nature it undid what it had before 
done, and so cutting through the deposit of dirt and gravel, these healing 
fountains were again uncovered. Now the country is cleared. The woods 
have been swept back to the hill tops, and a numerous and busy population 
surrounds them, while hundreds come many miles each year to drink of the 
healthful waters. 

The Montvert Hotel, connected with the Springs property, an elegant and 
commodious house, passed into the hands of A. W. Gray's Sons, and by them 
was last spring sold to the Montvert Hotel Company, Limited, with Thos. B. 
Wilson Esq., of New York, one of the company, as manager. The house 
has been thoroughly refurnished, and fitted in first class style, and on July 
4th, was formerly opened with a grand celebration and display of fire-works 
in the evening. 

A. W. Grafs Sons manufactory, situated on Poultney River, at this village, 
is operated by both water and steam power. The firm have been in con- 
tinual business here for the last forty years. At the opening of the shops, 
the farm labor of the country was almost entirely done by hand, the plough 
and the drag being almost the only implements in common use by the 
farmers, in which the power of the horse was substituted for that of man. 
The cultivator, drill, threshing-machine, wood-saw, mowing-machine, horse- 
rake and reaper have been introduced since. This firm began with A. W. 
Gray, the father, in a small way and with rude machinery ; the business has 
increased and the machines been improved until they are now able to offer 
the perfected machines of the present day. The present proprietors were 
brought up as boys in the shop, and taught to make every part of either wood or 
metal of each machine manufactured by them, having invented and perfected 
many of the devices in use in the machines. Arriving at manhood, they 
became interested as partners in the business. Many years since they assumed 
the sole control, and five years since became the sole owners, and have since 
then conducted the business under the name of A. W. Gray's Sons, by which 
they are widely known through the whole country, as manufacturers of agri- 
cultural implements, etc. They employ about 50 men and manufacture 
about 1,200 different machines each year. 

Smiths carriage manufactory, located at Middletown Springs, opposite 
the works of A. W. Gray's Sons, was estabhshed in 1871. He manufactures 
all kinds of wagons and carriages, and also does repairing. 

Spriftg Valley Cheese Factory, located at Middletown Springs, was built by 
a stock company in 1876. It has the capacity for manufacturing cheese from 
the milk of 400 cows. 

Middletown Cheese Factory was one of the first established in the State. 


It has facilities for manufacturing the milk from 700 cows, but only uses the 
milk of a little over six hundred. 

C/itie's grist and saiv mill is located on Poultney River, one half mile 
east of Middletown Springs. The grist-mill has one run of stones and does 
mostly custom work. The saw-mill has the capacity for cutting 3,000 feet of 
lumber per day. 

Atwater's cider-mill, located about three miles south of Middletown 
Springs, on road 24, has the capacity for making 20 barrels of cider per day. 

The exact date when the first settlers came here perhaps cannot be given. 
It was, however, before the Revolutionary war, and probably but a short 
time before. Settlement was commenced by Thomas Morgan, Richard and 
Benjamin Haskins, Phineas Clough and Luther Filmore. Thomas Morgan 
built the first frame house in town, nearly one mile south of the village, on 
the farm now owned by his grandson, Daniel Morgan. Mr. Morgan lived 
here until his death, which occurred in the year 1841. When he came to the 
town it was an unbroken wilderness, and he could only find his way by marked 
trees. After he came and commenced clearing the forest, he purchased 100 
acres of land about one mile from where the village now stands, and put up 
a log house a i^-^ feet from where the framed house now stands on the old 
" Morgan Farm." By the summer of 1777 he had made considerable progress 
in clearing up his land, as he had that summer four acres of wheat, but he 
was called away to Bennington by the Revolution, and his wheat was never 

Richard Haskins commenced settlement a Httle east of the village. He, 
too, in 1777, had two acres of wheat which he never harvested, but went to 

Benj. Hoskins built a log house and commenced settlement a Httle east of 
the village. Luther Filmore put up a log house on the south-west corner of 
what is known as the " Green," in the village. Where Phineas Clough first 
located is not positively known ; but he early settled on what has since 
been known as the " Orcutt Farm." 

These five men are all who are known to have been here before the Revo- 
utionary war. They all left in the summer of 1777, joined the mihtia at 
Manchester, and were all in Bennington battle. 

The first mills v/ere built by Gideon Miner in 1782. They were located 
about one-half mile east of where the village now is. Mr. Morgan assisted 
Mr. Miner, as a workman, in building the mills. Morgan brought the mill- 
irons from Bennington on a horse. After the Revolution, when the settlers 
had again returned to their farms, immigration became rapid, for in the fall 
of 1784, the people petitioned the Legislature for a new town. It can readi- 
ly be seen that the settlers upon those parts of the then towns of Poultney, 
Ira, Tinmouth and Wells, now included in the limits of Middletown, would 
naturally become a community by themselves, and unite their interests and 
feelings in spite of town lines. They had already done so — two churches had 


been organized, and a log meeting-house erected, and the members of the 
church were from the four towns, but had a common centre, where it has been 
since and now is. If those town lines had never been changed, there must 
have been the same churches here, the same business, the same village. Na- 
ture formed the territory for a town, and as the settlers increased in numbers, 
they became aware of it and petitioned, as has been seen, the Legislature for 
the same. 

On the farm of E. B. Cook is an old house, built about 100 years ago by 
Caleb Smith. Mr. Cook intends to tear it down this year and build anew on 
its site. 

Asa Gardner was one of the early settlers of the township, settling about 
two miles north of the village. Aimer, his son, was born in this town, where 
he resided until his death, in 1877, at the age of 82 years. Charles, brother 
of Aimer, is still living, the oldest man in the township, aged 88. The Gard- 
ner place is situated on road 2, and contains the oldest house in town, being 
built in 1778. 

Nathaniel Cleft was born in the town of Ira, April i, 1800. where he resid- 
ed until 1838, when he removed to this town and settled on road 2, on the 
farm now owned by his son, H. R. Cleft. He died Dec. 7, 1875. 

Joseph Spaulding, who laid out and surveyed the township, was also the 
first school teacher in the town, having taught in a log meeting house, where 
the village now stands. He lived one mile north of the village, where he died 
at the age of 96 years. His son Joseph came to the town a few years after 
his father, and located near the village, but afterward lived in various parts of 
the town. His son Harley is still living in town. 

Gideon Buel, an early settler of Middletown, left two sons and one daugh- 
ter, named Jared, Julia and Boswell, Sen. Boswell Buel, Sen., represented 
the town in the State Legislature during the years i860 and '61. His son, 
Boswell, Jr., represented the town in 1850, and was a member of the Consti- 
tutional Convention in 1870, and a member of the Legislature in 1870, '72, 
'74, '75 and '76. He was instrumental in getting an appropriation of six 
hundred dollars for the Nathaniel Chipman monument of 1873, and in 1874 
an appropriation of $150 for the purpose of erecting an iron fence around 
said monument. 

Samuel Hutchings settled in the town at an early date. His daughter, 
Anna Clark, still resides here, at the advanced age of 85 years. 

Moses E. Vail, an old resident of Middletown, is a son of Micah, and grand- 
son of Edward Vail, early settlers of Danby, spoken of in the Danby history. 
Moses engaged in mercantile pursuits in Middletown as early as 1841, retir- 
ing from active business in 1875. His son, C. B. Vail, is now one of the 
prominent merchants of Rutland village. 

The freshet spoken of as having changed the course of Poultney River, 
did a great deal of damage to the town. It occurred in July, 181 1. Many 
houses at the village, and all the mills and machinery, except those now 


known as Gray's Mills, were swept away. The disastrous effects of this flood 
were severely felt in Middletown for many years, and indeed the town, as a 
place of business, never fully recovered from it. John Burnam, who had 
been the leading business man of the town, was becoming an old man, and 
felt disinclined to undergo the necessary labor and care which would be 
required to start anew in so extensive a business as he had done. He, how- 
ever, rebuilt his forge and saw mill, which were in operation some years after 
that, but without the activity which his former mills had shown. A good 
many men were thrown out of em[)loyment, and were obliged to seek else- 
where. At the census of 1820 the population of the town was but 1,039, ^ 
falling off of 168 from 18 10, owing in a great measure, if not entirely, to the 
sad effects of the freshet. Yet, notwithstanding the great destruction of 
property, Middletown continued, and still is, a lively little place. 

TAe Congregational Chnrch, located at Middletown Springs, was organized 
in 1780, by the Rev. Mr. Hibbard, who was the first minister. The church 
building is a comfortable structure, capable of seating 300 persons, erected in 
1796, and, including grounds, is valued at $4,000. The society now has a 
membership of 85, with Osborn Myrick as pastor. 

Middletown Baptist Churc/i, located at Middletown Springs, was organized 
by a delegation from Manchester and Danby, in the year 1784, with Rev. 
Sylvanus Haynes as pastor. The building was erected in 1806, and is 
valued at about $5,500, with a seating capacity of about 250. The society 
has now about 70 members, with Rev. T. H. Archibald as pastor. 

The M. E. Church of Middletotvn, located at Middletown Springs, was or- 
ganized by the Rev. Samuel Young, on Nov. 24, 1835, with a membership of 
nine. The society now has fourteen members, with no regular pastor. The 
building was erected in the year 1836. It has a seating capacity of 200, and 
together with the property at the time it was built, was valued at $1,200; but 
has since decreased in value, so that it is now estimated at about $1,000. 

The Second Advent Chnrch, located at Middletown Springs, was organized 
by Elder C. Kingsley in 1879, and consisted of 17 members. They have 
erected no building yet, and hold their services in the hall. The society now 
consists of 20 members, with Rev. W. O. Bibbins, of Rutland, pastor. 

lOUNT HOLLY, located in the eastern part of the county, in lat. 43° 
^If'^ 29' and long. 4''' 14' east from Washington, was not one of the original 
W townships. In surveying the towns on the east and west sides of the 
Green Mountains, there was left between Ludlow, on the east, and Walling- 
ford, on the west, a gore of land called ''Jackson's Gore" — taking its name 
from Abraham Jackson, one of the original proprietors, and an early settler 
on the Gore. It will be seen that the State widens as we proceed north from 
the Massachusetts line, the west line being straight, and supposed to be a 
continuation of the old "twenty mile line" spoken of on page 54, while the 
east line was the west bank of the Connecticut River, which tends eastward. 


Gov. Wentworth, in chartering the towns of Vermont, laid them out in town- 
ships, each six miles square, beginning at the south end of the State. As he 
surveyed farther north, those on the east followed the river, while the west- 
ward towns were laid out in a straight line. For the first forty miles the State 
is nearly uniform, being some thirty-five miles or more in width ; but farther 
north it widens, and as the outside towns were first surveyed, the widening 
gore in the center of the State was left unchartered. In the years 1780 and 
'Si, Vermont, then strugghng into existence, was passing through a fearful 

The Continental Congress had ordered Vermont to <:frti-^ /^ be, "To for- 
bear and abstain from all acts of authority, civil or military." Governor 
Chittenden had rephed, July 25, 1780, protesting against the action, and 
notified the President of Congress that '"Vermont has no alternative. She 
must either submit to the unwarrantable decree of Congress, or continue her 
appeal to Heaven and to arms." Accordingly, the General Assembly, at its 
October session in 1780, deliberately determined to raise money to put Ver- 
mont on a war footing. To do this, they resorted to three expedients, ist, 
the confiscation and sale of the lands and effects of all British adherents ; 
which expedient alone, put into the treasury ^430,000 ; 2d, the sale of all 
ungranted lands ; 3d, the issue of money. Under the 2d expedient, Jack- 
son Gore was granted or chartered to Abraham Jackson, Jr., and twenty-nine 
associated residents of Wallingford, among whom were Mathew Lyon, the 
Clarks — four brothers — the Ives, etc. The charter. is dated Feb. 23, 1781, 
and reads as follows : — 

" Resolved, That a certain tract or gore of land, lying and being situate, 
on the east side of WaUingford, containing by estimation nine thousand 
seven hundred acres, be granted to Abraham Jackson, Esq., and his asso- 
ciates to the number of thirty. To be annexed to, and incorporated with, 
the town of Wallingford." 

The granting fees were nine pounds per right, putting ^270 into the 
treasury of Vermont. 

In 1792 the present town of Mt. Holly was incorporated by the 
Legislature, at the October session of that year, held at Rutland. The 
town, as incorporated, was made up by adding to Jackson's Gore, on 
the east, all that portion of the town of Ludlow lying west of the highest 
ridge of what is called Ludlow Mountain, and on the west, one mile in width, 
or two tiers of lots from the east side of the town of Wallingford. This con- 
stitutes the present town of Mt. Holly, which, in point of territory or size, 
ranks among the larger towns of the State. It is bounded north by Shrews- 
bury and Plymouth, east by Ludlow, south by Weston, and west by WaUing- 
ford and Mt. Tabor; it lies in a sort of shallow basin, or depression in the 
Green Mountains. The old stage route from Burlington, via Rutland, to 
Boston, passed through this town, and in the old days of stage coaches and 
loaded teams, afforded, probably, the best place for crossing the mountains, 
south of Montpelier. 



The land was originally covered with a heavy growth of timber, consisting 
of sugar-maple, beech, birch, spruce and hemlock, mainly, with a less amount 
of fir, basswood, black and white ash, wild cherry and poplar. Since the 
building of the railroad through the town, wood and lumber have been im- 
portant items of traffic. The rock is mostly Green Mountain gneiss, though 
in the extreme south part of the town limestone is found, from which very 
good hme is made ; but it is not manufactured to any great extent, not even 
as much so as formerly. There is also a deposit of asbestos, found about one 
mile north-west from Mechanicsville, on the farm owned by Nathan and 
Henry Smith. The soil is mostly a strong, somewhat heavy loam — in some 
parts of the town, especially along the valley of Mill River — considerably 
mixed with sand. Clay-beds are found in several localities suitable for 
making brick. 

The country is well watered by small streams and numerous springs ; Mill 
River, being the largest, rises in the extreme south-west part of the town, and 
running in a northerly direction, crosses a corner of Wallingford, through 
Shrewsbury into Clarendon, where it empties into Otter Creek. All the 
smaller streams on the western slope of the town empty into Mill River; 
while those on the eastern slope find their way to Black River, and are 
discharged into the Connecticut. There are several small lakes or ponds in 
the town, of which Patch's Pond, situated in the north-eastern part, is the 
largest, being about one mile in length by half-a-mile in width. 

The soil being much better adapted to grass than grain, it is almost entirely 
a grazing town. The farmers devote their attention to the raising of stock 
and manufacture of butter and cheese, depending on the grain-growing 
States of the west for their corn and flour. Large quantities of oats are 
raised, which are used mostly in home consumption. 

In 1880 the township had a population of 1,390, was divided into 12 
school districts and had 12 common schools, employing three male and four- 
teen female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $1,234.00. There were 349 
pupils attending common schools, and the entire cost of the schools for the 
year ending October 31, was $1,675.00, with Angil R. Crowley, superin- 

There is no large village in the town, but there are several small settle- 
ments or hamlets, which are Signified by the title of " ville," as : Mechanics- 
ville, Bowlsville, Tarbellsville, Hortonville, Healdville, Goodelville, etc. 

Mechanicsville, a post village, situated two and one-half miles south of 
Mt. Holly station, on the C. V. R. R., contains twenty-four dwellings, one 
store, one chair-stock factory, one church (union), one blacksmith-shop and 
Chase's toy factory. This toy manufactory is quite an extensive business, 
employing thirty-five to forty men. It was commenced by Philip C. Chase 
in 1863, and under his management has been a success from the first. He 
employs both water and steam power, and manufactures 30 to 40 different 
styles of children's wagons, carts and wheelbarrows. 


Healdville, (p. o.) a small hamlet and railroad station, is situated in the 
eastern part of the town. 

Mount Holly, (p. o.) situated near the central part of the town, is also a 
small hamlet and R. R. station. 

Tarbellville is situated about one mile west of Mechanicsville, and was 
named after one of its residents, Marshall Tarbell. It contains one store, one 
cheese factory, the manufactories of Marshall Tarbell, two blacksmith-shops, 
and thirteen dwellings. Most of the hamlet is owned by Mr. Tarbell, who 
carries on the manufacture of lumber, rakes and chair stock. The different 
branches of business are at present conducted in one building, the factories 
having twice been destroyed by fire; the first time on February 3d, 1858, and 
again January 5, 1878. The first fire Mr. Tarbell had no insurance to cover 
his loss. The second destroyed two shops, with sheds adjoining; also one 
dwelhng and one horse-barn. The buildings were at the time filled with 
goods, manufactured and in the process of manufacture, thus causing a loss 
of about eight thousand dollars, covered by an insurance of only $1,900. 
The present capacity of the saw mill is about 600,000 feet of lumber annu- 
ally. The rake factory is probably the largest in New England, turning out 
3,000 to 4,000 dozen per year, the most of which are exported to England. 
The manufacture of chair stock consumes 250,000 to 300,000 feet of lumber 
per year. 

Tarbellville Cheese Factory is also under the supervision of Mr. Tarbell. It 
uses the milk of 300 cows, and manufactures about' 65,000 lbs. of cheese 

BowLESViLLE is situated about two miles west of Mt. Holly Station, on the 
R. & B. R. R. It contains one church, (Advent,) a district school house, 
and about ten dweUings. It takes its name from being the location of a fac- 
tory for turning wooden bowls, and the manufacture of other wooden ware. 

GoODELViLLE is a small settlement, situated in the western part of the town, 
on Mill Creek, and contains one grist-mill and five dwellings. 

HoRTONViLLE hamlet, situated one and three-quarter miles N. E. of Mt. 
Holly station, contains one blacksmith shop, one wheelwright shop, one saw 
and chair stock mill, one district school house, one cheese factory, and fifteen 

Daniel C. Allard's mills are located in the west part of the town, about two 
miles east of Mechanicsville, embracing a saw-mill and machinery for the 
manufacture of chair-stock. The saw-mill has a capacity of about 6,000 feet 
of lumber per day, employing about ten men. 

Mt. Holly Cheese Factory, located one and one-half miles north-east of Mt. 
Holly station, is owned and superintended by William Lord. It uses the 
milk of four-hundred cows, and manufactures ninety thousand pounds of 
cheese annually. 

Warren Hortoti s saw mill, located about a quarter of a mile north-east 
from this cheese factory, manufactures from three to four-hundred thousand 
feet of spruce lumber per year. 


A. IV. Graves &^ Co.'s saw mill is situated about one and a half miles 
south-west of Mechanicsville, and has the capacity for sawing 300,000 feet 
of lumber per year, and manufactures 12,000 butter tubs annually. They 
also manufacture chair stock to a considerable extent. 

Farmente7- &^ Johnson's mill, located about one-half mile south-west of 
Mechanicsville, manufactures chair-stock, and about 400,000 feet of lumber 
per year. 

Jedediah Hammond was probably about the first settler on the land com- 
prised in the present town of Mt. Holly, having settled on the Jackson Gore, 
in 1770, when he was but seventeen years of age; coming there from Old 
Bedford, Mass. He was the second representative from the town, which 
oflice he held for thirteen years, and was for several years justice of the peace 
and deputy sheriff, and was a counselor at law for over forty years. 

The first settlement in that part formerly called Ludlow, was made by the 
famiUes of Joseph Green, Nathaniel Pingrey, Abraham Crawley, David Bent 
and Silas Proctor, who emigrated thither about the year 1786. About 1789 
and '90 settlement was made on the Gore, by the Clarks, Jacksons, Ives, 
Lyon, &c., from Wallingford. The well kept records of Wallingford show 
numerous actions that were had in town meeting that relate to the Gore, 
and several early settlers held town office in Wallingford. 

Abraham Jackson, Jr., was the son of Abraham Jackson, Esq., who is 
erroneously credited with being the first settler of Walhngford. He came to 
Wallingford from Connecticut with his father in 1773. They built a house 
on a bend of Otter Creek, just east of the present residence of P. G. Clark, 
Esq. After a residence in Wallingford of eight years, where he was first town 
clerk, first inn-keeper and first representative, he settled near Mechanicsville, 
on the Mead place. The pond is situated on what was his farm, and is 
still called Jackson Pond. He was a prominent and influential man and 
became the first representative of Mt. Holly. 

Mathew Lyon sold his right to Jethro Jackson, a brother of Abraham and 
a proprietor of the Gore. Jethro located at Bowlsville, building the first 
grist mill. 

The Clarks, who were residents of Wallingford and proprietors in the Gore 
came to WalHngford in 1774 and settled both sides of Otter Creek, about 
where the village now stands. Ichabod G., Stephen, John and Chauncey, joined 
Warren's regiment from Walhngford, and the four brothers stood shoulder to 
shoulder at Hubbardton and afterward at Bennington. Stephen settled in 
Wallingford, where Robert Marsh now lives. He moved to Jackson Gore in 
1781, and settled where Hilon Holden now resides. John settled on what is 
called the Sprague place, and was afterwards first town clerk of Mt. Holly. 
Chauncey joined him soon after. This family figures largely in the first eras 
of the settlement of Mt. Holly. 

The Ives family, Jonah, Ebenezer, Amos and Jotham, came to the Gore in 

1 781, after a residence of six to eight years in Wallingford. Tradition says 


that the Clarks, Ives, Jacksons and others sold their land upon Otter Creek 
for one shilling per acre, and came to Mt. Holly for the purpose of "getting 
rid of the cussed flies and mosquitoes," which they could not endure in Wal- 
lingford. Jonah Ives settled on the farm now owned by Leverett Ives, where 
he built a hut just opposite where the present house stands. Here he lived 
several years, " keeping bachelor's hall," and the place was known for a long 
time as Uncle Jonah's camp. It was in Uncle Jonah's hut that the first 
death in the town occurred, caused by the accidental discharge of a gun. 

The victim was a man by the name of Flanders, and at the time 

of the accident he was " setting " the gun for a bear, in a neighboring corn- 
field ; immediately after the accident, he was carried into Jonah's camp, where 
he expired the following night, and was buried on the farm now owned by 
Darius Perkins. The rude stone that marked his grave has long since been 
torn away by the plow, and now nothing remains to mark the spot. When 
Uncle Jonah first came to the town, bears, wolves and other wild animals 
were plenteous, and a constant source of annoyance to the settlers. 

The first hotel was kept by Joseph Green, near Healdville, where Wm. B. 
and John P. Hoskins now reside. David Bent built the second, where Lewis 
Barrett now resides, and the third was built by Stephen Clark, where David 
Horton now resides. Lyman Clark and Martin Carviner built the first store, 
at North Mt. Holly. Here the post-office was kept, with Stephen Clark as 
first post-master, the mail being brought from Rutland on horseback. 

Perry Green Dawley emigrated to Mt. Holly from Rhode Island with three 
other famihes, about the year 1783, settHng on the farm now owned by Dor- 
win G. Dawley. The same year his son Perry G. was born, being the first 
male child born in the town. Perry G. Dawley died early in the year 1876, 
at the advanced age of 93 years. 

Jonas Holden, one of the early settlers, came to Mt. Holley in 1793, from 
Ludlow. He was a revolutionary soldier, born at Gratton, Mass., August 8, 
1752. At the battle of Bunker Hill, Jonas wore a red shirt, so he could 
scarcely be distinguished from the English red-coats. After the Continental 
army had retreated, Jonas still stood his ground and continued to fire as 
though there was nothing wrong. He was soon detected by the British, how- 
ever, and, while attempting to make his escape, was wounded in the hip ; he 
fell, but was rescued by his comrades. For this act oif gallantry he was pro- 
moted from the ranks to a first lieutenancy. Jonas built the second frame 
house in the town, in about the year 1794 or '95. The whole town was then 
covered with a dense forest, with the exception of here and there a small 
clearing. The nearest grist-mill was at Cavendish, and he had to carry, or 
drag his grain there, a distance of twelve miles, on a crotched stick, finding 
his way through the forest by means of marked trees. This mode of convey- 
ance was commonly used by the pioneers, and was called a " dray." Sarah 
Holden, wife of Jonas, lived to the advanced age of 99 years, 9 months 
and 18 days, retaining full possession of her mental faculties to the last. On 


one occasion she went to the " Green Stand " on horseback, where she was 
detained until after dark ; on her way home she was attacked by a pack of 
wolves, which followed her so closely that she was obhged to ride under a 
tree and clamber up into its branches. The horse, eased of its burden, soon 
reached home. The family, seeing that something was wrong, immediately 
started in search of her, and found her some hours after, still perched in the 
tree, guarded by wolves. 

Silas, Jr., son of Silas Proctor, one of the earUest settlers, was killed by 
the falling of a tree on Proctor hill, in the year 1832. 

There are numerous anecdotes and traditions among the older inhabitants, 
of accidents that happened stage coaches when the old stage line passed 
through the town. About the year 1838 an accident occurred near the 
town line, just below Healdville, by which one woman was killed and two 
men seriously injured. It was caused by the stage tipping over an embank- 

The first minister resident in the town was the Rev. Silas L. Bingham, 
Congregationahst. The exact date of his settlement is not known, but was 
about the year 1800. Meetings were held in barns and private houses, until 
about 1802, when Mr. Bingham organized, and had buih a small Congrega- 
tionahst church at Mt. Holly. This organization was kept up until 1856. 

The Baptist Church of Mount Holly was organized September 6, 1804, by 
a council called for that purpose, and contained 29 members, with Rev. 
Daniel Packer as pastor. The present house of worship was erected in 185 1, 
at a cost of about $2,000.00, and is now valued at about $2,500.00. The 
present membership is about 122, of which 90 are resident. The Rev. O. 
J. Taylor is at present pastor. The building will comfortably seat about 350 


The Union Church of Mechanicsville (Methodist Episcopal) was organized 
in 1 81 5, by Elder Beaman, and consisted of about 20 members, with Elder 
Beaman, pastor. The first house of worship was erected in 1820, which was 
succeeded by the present edifice in 1850, built by the Methodist and Baptist 
societies, at a cost of about $i,75o-oo. the present value of the property 
being about $3,700.00, with Rev. James E. Knapp, pastor. There are about 

104 members. 

The Advent Church at Bowlsville was organized by the Rev. D. Bosworth, 
January 21, 1854, with a membership of nineteen. Mr. Bosworth is still 
pastor, with a membersip of 45- The church will seat 300 people and is 
valued at $800,00 to $1,000.00. 

St. Mary's Church, (Roman Catholic,) located at North Mt. Holly, was 
organized in 1874 by P. Kelly and J. Darcy. It then consisted of 34 mem- 
bers, with Rev. Chas. Boylon as pastor. The edifice was erected m 1875 at 
a cost of $4,000.00, and is capable of seating 225 persons. Rev. J. C. 
McLaughlin is the present pastor, with a membership of 80 families. 

164 TOWN or MV. TAliOR. 

^PEOUNT TABOR is located in the south-eastern corner of the county, 
*^^ in lat. 43" 21' and long. 4" 8' east from Washington, bounded north 
w by Wallingford and a small part of Mt. Holly, east by a small part 
of Mt. Holly, and Weston in Windsor county, south by Peru in Benning- 
ton County, and west by Danby. It was chartered under the name of Har- 
wick, to Jonathan Willard and sixty others, by Benning Wentworth, of New 
Hampshire, on the 28th day of August, 1761, and contained 23,040 acres. 
The usual reservations of public lands were made in this charter, and with the 
usual restrictions. The township of Harwick was organized March 17, 
1788, with Gideon Tabor, moderator; John Jenkins, town clerk; John 
Stafford, John Jenkins and Gideon Baker, selectmen. The township re- 
tained the name of Harwick until the year 1803, when it was changed 
to that of Mt. Tabor, so called in honor of Gideon Tabor, the first 
moderator of the township. The change was made in consequence 
of there being a town by the name of Hardwick in the State, 
which sometimes caused miscarriage of mail matter. A part of the 
town of Peru, 200 rods wide, east and west, and six miles long, was an- 
nexed to Mt. Tabor in 1805, and remained with that township twenty 
years, when it was annexed to Dorset. Other than this, there has been no 
change made in the boundaries of the town. 

The surface is very broken and mountainous, being situated almost entirely 
upon the Green Mountain range ; it contains however some intervales of 
good farming land, whereon is grown wheat, rye,- oats, barley, Indian corn, 
etc. ; but by far the greater part of the farmer's wealth consists in his herds 
and flocks. Many, however, have given up farming entirely, and turned 
their attention to lumbering, considenng that far more lucrative, as a great 
portion of the country is still covered by a dense primeval forest, the prin- 
cipal timber of which is beech, birch, maple, cedar and spruce, interspersed 
with hemlock, black and white ash. There are numerous small streams 
distributed over the country, finding their way into Otter Creek, which flows 
through a portion of the western part, affording numerous mill-sites. The 
principal of the streams is called Roaring Branch, and rises in the south- 
eastern part of the township, flows a north-easterly course, emptying into 
Otter Creek. The Bennington and Rutland Railway also passes through a 
portion of the western part, and Danby station is within the limits of this 

In 1880 Mt. Tabor had a population of 495, was divided into four 
school districts and had three common schools, employing four female 
teachers at an aggregate salary of $326.85. There were 93 pupils attending 
common schools, and the total expense of the schools for the year ending 
October 31st, was $359.96. Mr. M. Barrett was superintendent. 

Brooklyn, (Mt. Tabor p. o.) the only settlement of any considerable size, 
is a small village located in the western part of the township, on Roaring 
Branch. It contains one store, three saw-mills, and about seventy-five inhab- 


N. E. Nicholas viilh, located on Roaring Branch, were built in 1862, and 
purchased by him in 1867. They include a saw and planing-mill, and a 
cheese-box and grain-measure factory. There are manufactured here 300,000 
feet of lumber, 12,000 cheese-boxes and 5,000 grain-measures per annum. 

C. H. Congdoris saw-will, located on Roaring Branch, was built in 1850, 
and has the capacity for manufacturing about 5,000 feet of lumber per day. 

John B. Stearnes saw-mill, located on Roaring Branch, was built in i860 
by Marcellus Baker, and has the capacity for cutting 2,000 feet of lumber per 


S. S. Griffith' s saw-?nill, known as the "Greeley Mill," located on Roaring 
Branch, was built in 1840. It has facilities for cutting 6,000 feet of lumber 
per day. Mr. Griffith is also the proprietor of a steam-mill, located on road 
5, which was erected in 1880, with the capacity for cutting 20,000 feet of lum- 
ber per day. He is also quite extensively engaged in the manufacture of 


Griffith 6- Mclntyre's steam-mill, located in the central part of the town- 
ship, on Big Branch Creek, was built m 1872, with the capacity for cutting 
30,000 feet of lumber per day. 

About 300 acres of the best part of the town, including the Governor's lot, 
in the valley of Otter Creek, was first settled, and titles obtained by pitches 
and vendue sales for taxes. It was ascertained in 1857, by running the town 
Une between Danby and Mt. Tabor, that parties claiming under Danby 
had crowded into Mt. Tabor 10 rods at Danby borough, the centre of 
said Une, which takes about 60 acres of land, 8 dwellings, the meeting-house 
and the old banking-house, all treated as being in Danby, and will virtually 
form Mt. Tabor, and remain so by acquiescence, unless an Act of the Leg- 
islature or a judgment of Court sets it right. We find no record of any in- 
habitants in Mt. Tabor at an earUer date than 1782; but there were prob- 
ably settlers here nearly as early as in any town in this vicinity. 

John Sweet came into the town in 1782, settUng on 60 acres of land lying 
at the foot of the Green Mountains, on Otter Creek, in the south-west part of 
the township. He was the first settler of whom we have any record. He re- 
sided here for many years, dying in 1818, leaving a numerous family. 

Gideon Baker soon after settled a little to the north of Mr. Sweet, and was 
one of the first selectmen and represented the town in the Legislature. His 
kitchen was used as a place for holding church service for a number of years, 
he being a staunch Methodist. He died in 1824 and was buried in the 
Tabor burying ground, the first marble in that ground being erected at his 


Beloved Carpenter was also an early settler, having settled on the farm now 
owned by Miss Sophia Tabor. Gideon, the father of Miss Sophia, was born 
in 1762, and was in the war of the Revolution four years. He came to 
Mt. Tabor in 1784, where he married HannaR, daughter of Beloved 
Carpenter, on the 4th of November, 1787. Gideon was chosen moderator 


at the organization of the town, served as town clerk 28 years, represented 
the town in the Legislature most of the time for about 30 years, and was 
justice of the peace over 30 years. He died in February, 1824, in the 62nd 
year of his age. 

Caleb Buffum moved into Mt. Tabor in 1815, settling on a farm on the 
east road, about one mile from the creek road. He lived nearly forty years 
in the town, and raised a large family ; and then sold his farm and removed 
to Rutland, to reside with his son, Caleb Buffum, Jr. He and his wife both 
died in Rutland, but were brought back and buried in the Mt. Tabor 
burying ground. Esquire Buffum was an energetic useful man in town, and 
represented Mt. Tabor in the Legislature several years, and held all the 
town offices at different times. 

Walter Tabor was a soldier of the Revolutionary army. He resided in the 
town from 1792 until his death, in 1806. James Hathaway was also a sergeant 
in the Revolutionary army, was long a resident of the town, and died in 1826. 
Joseph Moulton was in the French and Revolutionary wars. He died in 
18 1 5. Gideon Tabor was in the war of the Revolution four years. He 
went into the service at the age of sixteen. 

In the war of '61 Mt. Tabor paid bounties to five soldiers, $300 each, 
and $7.00 per month while in the service ; one of these five was a Danby 
man. The town had six in the army, over and above its quota, when these 
bounties were paid. Thus Mt. Tabor, in proportion to its population 
furnished more men than any other township in the county. 

Mt. Tabor has no church except upon the land that Danby has ap- 
propriated, as before stated, upon the Otter Creek border. The inhabitants 
attend worship in the towns adjoining. 

^p3|AWLET is located in the south-west corner of the county, in lat. 43° 
*^^ 21'; and long. 3^ 54' east from Washington, bounded north by Wells, 
W east by Danby, south by Rupert, in Bennington County, and west by 
Hebron and Granville, in New York, and contains an area of 23,040 acres, 
or a tract six miles square, granted by Benning Wentworth, Governor of 
New Hampshire, to Jonathan Willard and sixty-seven others, the charter 
bearing date August 26, 1761, and receiving its name from the principal 
river, which was formerly spelled Paulette, or Paulet, probably of French 
derivation. Of the sixty-eight grantees but few ever settled in the town, 
Willard having made some improvement here in 1761 or 1762, but did not 
remain. The usual reservations and restrictions incident to all the grants 
issued by Wentworth were made, and, like the others, became nuUified by 
the Revolutionary war, but did not deprive the grantees of their rights nor 
take from them their homts, as was attempted by New York and our mother 
country during the land title controversy. 


The surface is quite uneven and mountainous in most parts, yet between 
the mountain ranges there remain considerable tracts of level fertile land. 
Through the middle of the town, from north to south, extends a high range of 
mountains, cutting the territory into a natural division of east and west town, 
Haystack Mountain, in the north part, and extending into Wells, being the 
principal elevation of the range, and much resorted to by pleasure parties. 
Indian Hill, also, lying in the north-western part, is a considerable elevation. 

The principal stream is Pawlet River, which enters the south-east corner 
of the township from Bennington County, and flows in a serpentine course, a 
north-westerly direction, to Wood Creek, in New York, and thence to Lake 
Champlain ; it contains numerous tributaries, of which Flower Brook, enter- 
ing from Danby, is the largest, and nearly all of sufficient size to afford good 
mill-sites, many of which are occupied. 

The rocks in the western part are of the Georgia slate deposit, while the 
eastern portion is composed of talcoid schist, cut by a considerable bed of 
limestone, and containing some available deposits of roofing-slate and mar- 

The soil of the town is mostly susceptible of cultivation, even to the tops 
of the mountains, all but two or three of which can be tilled to their summits, 
while many fields that cannot be plowed make excellent pastures. On the 
banks of the larger streams are alluvial deposits of rare fertility, and con- 
stantly enriched by periodical overflows. A large proportion of the soil is 
gravelly loam intermingled with slate, and well adapted to the growth of all 
grain raised in this latitude. 

The timber is that common to the surrounding towns ; the forests, however, 
becoming rapidly thinned, the inevitable result of the populous growth of a 
community. Lumbering is carried on to some extent, while the rich 
saccharine of the maple is largely utiUzed in the manufacture of sugar, which 
receives a ready market in localities less favored in this respect, finding, to- 
gether with the other exports of the town, a convenient avenue for transport- 
ation in the Rutland and Washington Railroad, which enters the town from 
Rupert, extending thence to West Pawlet, and thence nearly on the Hne of 
the State, to Granville, N. Y. 

In 1880 Pawlet had a population of 1,698, was divided into eleven school 
districts and contained eleven common schools, employing four male and 
nineteen female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $1,742.02. There were 
350 pupils attending common school, and the entire cost of the schools for 
the year ending Oct 31st, was $1,967.02, with Mr. Edward I. Vail, superin- 

Pawlet, a post village located on Flower Brook, near the center of the 
town, contains two churches, (Meth. and Cong.,) one grist-mill, saw-mill, 
cheese-box manufactory, cheese factory, a fork handle and baby carriage stock 
factory, six stores, one hotel, two blacksmith shops, wagon shop, harness 
shop etc. 


West Pawlet, a post village and R. R. station, located in the west part of 
the town, on the Rutland and Washington R. R., contains four stores, two 
hotels, one grist-mill, two churches, (Baptist and Christian,) one wagon shop, a 
harness shop, two blacksmith shops, and several large stone-quarries. 

North Pawlet is a small hamlet located in the north-west part of the 
town, near Indian Hill, containing about a dozen dwellings. 

Andreui's sa7£i mill and cheese box manufactory, located at Pawlet, is 
operated by steam power and manufactures 125,000 or more cheese boxes, 
and saws about 300,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

J. Q. Adams' grisi-?nill, located on Flower Brook, upon the site of the first 
grist-mill ever erected in the town, was built by Mr. Adams in 1881, and has 
two runs of stones. 

JV. Robinson's carriage manufactory, located on road 22, was established 
by the present proprietor in 1850. He now employs five men in the manufac- 
ture of wagons, carriages and sleighs. 

M. P. Damon &* Co.'s fork handle and baby carriage-stock manufactory, 
located at Pawlet, was established by Mr. Damon in Oct. 1873, and employs 
six men, manufacturing about 60,000 hoe handles, and stock for 30,000 baby 
carriages per annum. 

H. W. Edgerton's apiary, located near the central part of the town, on road 
12, was estabhshed in 1875, since which time he has been increasing the 
business yearly, until he now keeps about 75 swarms of bees, raising some 
$200 worth of "seeds" and $800 worth of honey yearly. 

Red Mill, located in the central part of the town, was built in 1876, by 
Geo. F. Hammond, who now does custom work there, operating two runs of 

Mo7it Verd Slate Quarry, situated in the north-west part of the town, was 
opened by Bardwell & Jones in 1870. In July, 1873, Evans & WiUiams 
were proprietors, and since August, 1877, the quarry has been operated by 
William J. Evans, who acquired his partner's interest, and who employs 15 
to 20 men, and produces 20 to 30 squares of sea-green roofing slate per 

Welch's slate quarry, situated in the western part of the town, was opened 
by Robert Stevens in 1871, and is now operated by M. Welch, of Granville, 
N. Y., producing about 200 squares of sea-green slate per month. 

Hugh J. Williams' slate quarry, situated in the north-west part of the 
town, was opened in 1877, and now operated by Mr. Williams of Granville, 
N. Y., who produces 100 squares per month. 

Wood's saw-mill, located in the west part of the town, on Pawlet River, 
was built by W. B. Wood, of Granville, N. Y., in 1881, and has the capacity 
for cutting 6,000 feet of lumber per day, and also manufactures chair stock, 
lath, etc. 

Goodspeed's cider tnill, located on road 14, was built by Peter Goodspeed, 
and has the capacity for manufacturing 10 barrels of cider per day. 


Dillingham Slate Quarry, located at West Pawlet, was opened by Howell 
Dillingham in 1877-78, and employs 10 men in the manufacture of sea- 
green roofing slate, producing 200 S([uares per month. 

Rising CN Nclscvis slate quarries, located at West Pawlet, employ from 30 
to 35 men and manufacture 200 squares of slate per week. 

Brownell Slate and Flagging Go's quarry is situated in the west part of 
the town, where they manufacture about Boo squares of slate, and 3,000 feet 
of flagging per month, employing 40 men. 

Indian Hill Slate Compatiy was organized in 1876, consisting of Owen 
and Even Evens. The quarry is situated at West Pawlet, and yields about 
7,000 squares of slate per year. 

Pawlet Woolen Company, E. Colvin & Son, proprietors, was organized in 
1846 by Asa S. Jones, the present company being formed in 1877. Their 
factory is located on road 32, two miles south of Pawlet, where they manu- 
facture into cloth, about 25,000 lbs. of wool each year, employing eight hands. 
The Leach Cheese Factory, located in the south part of the town, on road 
30, was established by a stock company in 1846, and is now owned by Wm- 
Leach, who uses the milk from 175 cows per year in the manufacture of 

Fawlet Cheese Factory, located at Pawlet, was established in 1865 by R. 
C. Wickham, and is now owned and operated by M. E. Wheeler, and uses 
the milk from 500 cows, manufacturing 1,000 pounds of cheese per day. 

Flakelfs cheese factory, located in the north-east part of the town, on road 
23, uses the milk from about 400 cows. 

Settlement was begun in this town by Simeon Burton and Wm. Fairfield, 
the former receiving fifty, and the latter thirty acres of land, donated by the 
proprietors to them in 1768, as first and second settlers of the township. 
The earliest record extant of any town-meeting, bears date July 29th, 1768, 
at which meeting Reuben Harmon was moderator and Simeon Burton, clerk. 
The first grist-mill was erected by Remember Baker, about the year 1768, 
and was located on Wells Brook. This was soon after followed by one on 
Flower Brook, built by Wm. Bradford, and not long after this, one was 
erected on the present site of the Red Mill, built by Col. Samuel Willard, in 
1783. The first hotel was kept by Capt. Jonathan Willard, on the site of the 
present homestead of Henry Allen. In 181 4 a cotton-mill was erected on 
Flower Brook, by the Pawlet Manufacturing Co., which was successfully 
operated for thirty years, and the only cotton mill ever erected in the county. 
The building was 70 feet long by 39 feet wide and three stories high, 
and manufactured heavy cotton goods and warps. The machinery of the 
mill, power-looms and all, were made on the spot by Nathaniel Robinson, an 
ingenious mechanic. 

Indian Hill, located in the western part of the town, is accredited with being 
the scene of a battle between the French and English, the latter force under 
the command of Gen. Putnam. It is said Putnam was ordered from Fort 


Edward to the east, to dislodge a body of French and Indians who were lurk- 
ing in the vicinity of Lake St. Catherine. The battle or skirmish is supposed 
to have occurred in June, 1785, upon the farm now owned by Marshall 
Brown, the English losing two men, who were buried near a large rock upon 
the battle field. In 1880, Mr. Brown cleared a spot of ground upon the hill, 
upon which he built a log house or lodge, commanding an excellent view. 
On the 3d of September a celebration was held, at which two or three thous- 
and people were present, and Mr. Henry Clark, of Rutland, delivered an ' 

The town hall of Pawlet was commenced in June, 1881, the foundation 
being 40x60 feet and three stories high. The first story and 40x44 feet of 
the second story belongs to M. Wheeler, while the other portion of the second 
story is used as a town clerk's office, and the third story for a town hall, each 
parly building and owning the portion they occupy. 

Simeon Burton, the first settler of the town, came here from Arlington, 
and continued his residence here until his death, at an advanced age, in the 
year 18 10. 

William Fairfield, the second settler, remained in the town until the break- 
ing out of the Revolution, when, upon his espousing the cause of England, 
his property was confiscated and he removed to Canada, where many of his 
descendants still reside. 

Andrew Winchester came to this town from New Lebanon, Conn., in 1786, 
settling upon the farm now owned by his grandson, Norman, where he died 
in 1827, aged 66 years. Joel, his son, was born on the old homestead in 
1790, where he resided until his death, in 1846. His son, Andrew, now 
occupies the place. The house built by Joel in 1821 was burned February 
18, 1880, the present house being built upon the old foundation, in 1880. 

Capt. Benoni Smith came to Pawlet from Glastonbury, Conn., in 1781, 
locating upon a farm on road 3, where he soon after built a grist and saw 
mill. He died upon the old place in 1799, aged 59 years. His sons, Josiah 
and Reuben, settled in this town, and Arthur removed to Scipio, N. Y., and 
Ira, to St. Lawrence County, of the same State. Robert H. remained upon 
the old homestead, and represented the town in the Legislature two years. 

Joel Simonds came to this town from Massachusetts, about 1780, locating 
on road 5, upon the farm now owned by his grandson, Ossian H. Simonds. 
Joel died in 1821, aged 77 years, his widow surviving him until 1832, dying 
at the age of 86. 

Ashbel Hollister came to this town from Glastonbury, Conn., in 1781, 
locating in the north-west part of the town. He served in the Revolutionary 
war under the immediate command of the Polish General, Kosciusko, " the 
friend of liberty," and a friend of Washington. Hiel Hollister, son of Ashbel, 
was born in 1806, and is still a resident of the town, one of its most prom- 
inent citizens. Most of his life has been spent in farming, though he taught 
school several terms, and was engaged in mercantile pursuits seven years, 


represented the town in 1842, wrote a history of the township which was 
pubhshed in 1867, and was associate judge of the county in 1872. 

Ehjah Brown came to this town from Stamford, Conn., in 1783, and 
resided here until his death, in 1835, at the age of 77 years. His grandson, 
Marshall, now residing on road 3, was born in 181 7, 

Joseph Jones came to this town from Greenwich, Mass., in 1781, and 
located upon the farm now owned by M. C. Jones, where he died in 181 6, 
aged 84 years. 

David Blakely, from Woodbury, Connecticut, came to Pawlet in 1782, 
locating upon the farm now owned by Franklin Blakely, on road 23, where he 
died in 1821, aged 72 years. His widow, who was an aunt of Gov. Hiland 
Hall, died in 1831, aged 85 years. His son, Dan, was born in 1793, and 
married Hannah Edgerton, by whom he had nine children, all of whom, ex- 
cept one son, are now Hving. 

Robert Wickham came to this town with his father, Isaac, in 1799, ^^^ 
has since been a resident of the town, now being the oldest man of the town- 
ship, at the age of 84 years. 

Samuel Goodspeed, in 1800, came here from Barnstable, Massachusetts, and 
located on road 14, upon the farm now owned by his grandson, Lucius, 
where he resided until his death at an advanced age. 

Oliver Williams came to this town from Granville, N. Y., in 1830, and has 
resided upon the same farm since ; he is now 80 years of age, and celebrated 
his golden wedding on the nth of April, 1880. 

T/ie First Congregatio7ial CJnirch, located at Pawlet, was organized on the 
8th of August, 1781, by Rev. David Perry, consisting of six members, with Dr, 
Lewis Bebee as first pastor. The first house of worship was erected in 1785, 
followed by the present edifice in 1841, which is a pleasant, comfortable 
structure, capable of accommodating 450 persons, and cost $6,000.00. The 
property is now valued at only about $5,000.00 however. The society now 
numbers no members, with Rev. N. S. Moore, pastor. 

The First Baptist Church, located at West Pawlet, was organized by its 
first pastor. Elder Brown, on the first Monday in May, 1790, consisting of 
eighteen members. The first church was built in 1800, and destroyed by 
fire on the 25th of May, 1880. In 1881 the present edifice was erected, at a 
cost of $2,000.00, and will seat 350 persons, the church property being now 
valued at about $3,500.00. The society has about 100 members, with no 
regular pastor at present. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church, located at Pawlet, was organized in 
1826, by Rev. Daniel Brayton, with 100 members, and Mr. Brayton first 
pastor. A church building was erected the same year, which was replaced 
by the present commodious structure in 185 1, which will seat 300 persons 
and cost $5,000.00. The society now has 126 members, its property 
valued at $6,500.00, and is prospering under the pastorate of Edgar L. 
Walker, A. M. 


The Presbyterian Church Society was organized in March, 1877, by Rev. 
Hugh Davis, of Middle Granville, N. Y., consisting of fifteen members. The 
society now has about fifty members, holding their services in the basement 
of the Baptist church, with no regular pastor. 

The Union Church, located in the west part of the town, was erected in 
1853 or '54, costing about $700.00, and capable of seating 150 i)ersons. It 
is used by all denominations. 

A Congregational Church Society was organized at Pawlet in 1881, and 
are holding their services in the academy building. 

lp|lTTSFIELD is a triangular tract of land, located in the north-eastern 
"^^ corner of the county, in lat. 43" 48' and long. 4" 14' east from Washing- 

w ton. It is bounded north by Rochester, east by Stockbridge, in Windsor 
County, and west by Chittenden ; chartered July 39, 1781, by Thomas Chit- 
tenden, Governor of Vermont, to Samuel Wilcox, Daniel Kinne, Josiah 
Wright, and their associates to the number of 130, and contained 34,000 
acres, being represented as containing land equal to a township and a half. 
At the first proprietors' meeting, held at Danby, in December, 1781, a com- 
mittee was appointed to lay out and allot the township, which was accordingly 
done, allowing each proprietor 53 J acres, and a like number of acres to each 
public reservation. In 1787 another allotment of 40 acres was made to each 
proprietor, whereon it was discovered by a survey, that by reason of the towns 
of Stockbridge and Chittenden overreaching their charter bounds, they had 
left lying between them, instead of the original large town of Pittsfield, only 
a gore of land not exceeding in size half a township. At a meeting held 
Sept. 35th of this same year, Asa Whitcomb and Charles Goodrich were 
appointed as their agents to obtain redress from the Legislature for the loss 
of their lands. But all the satisfaction they obtained was, that "the land 
was there, and they must look it up." This led to many lawsuits, and much 
litigation ensued for years ; but the settlers were finally defeated and lost 
their land, hence it is that Pittsfield now ranks, in point of size, as one of the 
smallest townships in the county. 

The town was not organized until March 26, 1793, the meeting being then 
held at the house of Daniel Atkins, where George Martin was chosen mod- 
erator ; Thomas Hodgkins, town clerk ; George Martin, Stephen Holt and 
Joseph Adams, selectmen; Daniel Bow, treasurer; Anthony Whitcomb, first 
constable ; Daniel Atkins, sealer of leather ; Stephen Holt and William Da- 
vis, grand jurymen. 

The surface is mountainous and broken, the most considerable elevation 
being Wilcox Peak, so named by Samuel Wilcox, one of the original pro- 
prietors, who once attempted to ascend its summit, but failed on account of 
weariness, and christened it after himself. The soil is irrigated by numerous 
springs and several streams, two of which, from the south and west, unite in 



the eastern part of the town, forming Tweed River, which flows an easterly 
course, and is discharged into White River, in Stockbridge. These streams 
afford several good mill privileges, and together witli White River, which 
flows across the north-eastern corner of the town, are the largest in the town- 
ship, though there are several of minor importance. Along these streams 
and in the mountain valleys are found many excellent farms, the soil being 
mostly a sandy loam, somewhat stony. On the hills the farms were at one 
time quite productive, but are now rather sterile, owing, probably, to the fact 
that many farmers have of late years neglected their farms and given their 
attention to lumbering, which they consider more lucrative ; perhaps it may 
also be attributed to the decrease of the annual deposit of vegetable matter 
as the forests become thinner. The timber is principally beech, birch and 
maple, interspersed with spruce, hemlock and ash. From the maple a large 
quantity of sugar is manufactured each year, which is exported to localities 
less fortunate in this respect, and forms quite an item in the commerce of the 
town ; this, with horses, cattle, swine and lumber, form the principal exports. 

Iron ore in abundance, and of a rare quahty, was discovered here by J. J. 
Saltery, in 1877. Mr. Saltery was at the time prospecting near Gaysville, 
and the presence of fine ore-sands in the soil, river-beds, and general alluvial 
deposits, induced him to extend his explorations along the White River to the 
intersection of the Tweed, thence up this branch to Pittsfield, where the pre- 
dominating debris and masses of rocks indicated the near presence of an 
actual deposit of ore. Following from Pittsfield the west branch of the 
Tweed, a distance of about two miles, near the Chittenden line, the ore was 
found in actual deposit, bearing a course north-west and south-east at an 
angle of 56°. In 1878 a further examination showed that the principal for- 
mation consisted of gneiss, serpentine, slate, lime, silica and mica, im|)regna- 
ted with the crystalization of iron, which formed stratified belts, bodies and 
veins, of various dimensions and percentages. The ore is of a sandy nature, 
and is therefore easily crushed and separated, and yields from twenty to sixty 
per cent, of magnetic ore. 

In 1880 Pittsfield had a population of 555, was divided into four schooU 
districts and had five common schools, employing two male and eight female 
teachers, at an aggregate salary of $536.00. There were 133 pupils attending 
common schools, and the entire cost for schools for the year was $576.05, 
with S. C. Gibbs, superintendent. 

Pittsfield, a post village located in the south-eastern part of the town, is 
the only settlement of any considerable size. It contains forty dwellings, two 
churches, (M. E. and Cong.) two stores, two hotels, a school-house and 
several carriage, blacksmith and carpenter shops, etc., and has a population 
of about 200. 

Ray Diirkee's button factory^ located on road 8, is operated by steam 
power and employs fifteen hands. There are manufactured here 100 gross 
of ivory and horn buttons daily. Mr. Durkee has also machinery for iron 
and wood-turning and general machine work. 


A. JV. Hayes' saw-mi/I, located on road 19, is operated by water-power, 
using one lumber-saw, one clap-board saw, two planers and several smaller 
saws. He employs twelve men, and manufactures 900,000 feet of lumber 
and 500,000 feet of clap-boards per annum. 

G. If. Ramsey's saw-i/ii//, located on road 10, is 0{)erated by water-power, 
employs twelve men, and manufactures 1,000,000 feet of lumber and 500,000 
feet of clap-boards per year. 

Brigham &• AtwooiV s sa7a-mi//, located at Pittsfield, is operated by water- 
power, has one 'lumber and one band saw, one board and one clap-board 
planer, employs eight men, and manufactures 800,000 feet of lumber and 
600,000 feet of clapboards yearly. 

C. A. Brown' s grist-?nill, located at Pittsfield, was built by Spaulding, 

some fifty years ago. Mr. Brown does quite a business there, but mostly 
custom work. 

In 1867 Brigham, Houghton & Co. built a large steam mill near the 
village, designing to cut, not only all kinds of lumber, but also chair-stock. 
They had scarcely got the building well filled with suitable machinery, how- 
ever, when it took fire and was entirely consumed, causing a loss to the 
proprietors of some $2,000 over and above the insurance. 

A company was formed March 4th, 1880, duly incorporated at Hartford, 
Conn., for the purpose of manufacturing iron from the ore found in Pittsfield, 
with a capital stock of $2,500,000, divided into 25,000 shares at $100 each. 
Four directors were chosen, as follows: — J. J. Saltery, of Pittsfield, Vt, 
president ; Harvey K. Flagler, of Boston, secretary and treasurer ; Edward 
L. Chaffee and Charles W. Boutwell, directors. Operations for the develop- 
ment of the ore deposits were commenced March 39th, 1880. Buildings for 
crushing and concentrating the ores with necessary machinery were erected, 
roads made from the mines through the valley to the coal kilns and other sec- 
tions connected with the works. The property owned by the White River 
Iron Co. was purchased, consisting of about 1400 acres, all bearing the ore 
in its different stratifications, and covered with a fine growth of timber. The 
ore is mostly quarried, and brought to the reduction works for crushing and 
separating. It is then ready for use at the furnace, for which a foundation for 
eight fires has been made, which, when completed, will produce about ten 
tons of blooms or billets per day, allowing an average of two tons of con- 
centrated ore to one ton of metalic iron, at a cost of about $35 per ton, in- 
cluding freight to Bethel. The products of the above mentioned are char- 
coal blooms and billets, especially adapted to the manufacture of a fine grade 
of steel, by the open-hearth furnace, or by the use of the crucible, for fine 
tool-steel, &c. There are but few instances in which iron ore is found im- 
pregnated in gneiss formation, showing so large a per centage, and an oxide 
of so pure a nature as in this case. There is no question of its eventually 
taking rank with the best steel in this and other countries. This company, 
when its works are all completed, will form quite a valuable acquisition to 
the township. 


The first settlement of Pittsfield was commenced in 1786, by Daniel and 
Jacob Bow ; Daniel settling on the farm now occupied by Daniel Avery, 
and Jacob, where Artemas Hunt now resides. The same year Thomas 
Hodgkins settled on the farm now owned by Royal Tupper, and George 
Martin on the farm owned by Granville Farewell. (The last two farms have 
been set off to the town of Rochester.) About this time Stephen Holt, 
familiarly known as Gov. Holt, settled on the farm now occupied by John 
Sawyer. Among the other early settlers were Lucius Kibbe, Simon Cleave- 
land, John Gaines, Dr. Tucker, David Lovette, David Daly, Uzziah Green, 
Jonas Stowe, Ebbe Durkee, David, Alba and Timothy Durkee. The first 
inhabitant of what is now the village, was Uzziah Green, who lived in a 
poor log-house, between where the school-house and Congregational 
church now stands. The first mills in town were built about 1780, 
by Charles Goodrich, of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, who received from, 
the proprietors a right of land for building them. They also gave 
him the privilege of naming the town, which he did. He built a 
saw and grist mill about where Brigham & Atwood's and Brown's mills now 
stand. The crank for the saw mill, weighing 200 pounds, was brought from 
Pittsford, a distance of twelve miles, by two men carrying it on their shoul- 
ders. Goodrich also built the first frame house in town, which was not only 
used for a dv/elling, but also as a school-house and place for public meetings, 
this being the first school kept in the town. Daniel Bow built and kept the 
first tavern, a one-story log structure, located on the farm now owned by 
David Avery. The nearest post office was at Rutland, fifteen miles distant, 
the mail being brought on foot once a week, the neighbors taking 
turns at the task. The first store was kept by Asa Gaines. The first tan- 
nery was built and operated by David Daly. It was located on the site now 
occupied by Henry Adams' blacksmith shop, and was afterwards removed to 
the spot where Mr. Caryl's house now stands. The first physician located in 
the town was Josiah H. Phelps, of Connecticut, who settled in the town in 
1823. Bears, wolves and deer were plenteous in the heavy forests, and the 
former were a constant source of annoyance to the early settlers, it being 
almost impossible for them to keep any sheep. 

David Daly moved from Windham, Conn., to Pittsfield, in 1789. He built 
a house where Henry Adams' now stands, and a tannery where Mr. Adams' 
shop now is. This was the first and only tannery ever built in the town. 
Mr. Daly afterward owned the farm where AVm. Davis now resides, which he 
cleared and on which he built a large frame house. In 1791 he married 
Martha Call, by whom he had a large family of children. For a number of 
years Mr. Daly was justice of the peace, and held several other offices in the 
town. An incident in his life will illustrate the hardships the early settlers 
were obliged to undergo : Being in want of a grind-stone, Daly, in company 
with a man named Waller, started one morning, afoot, for Pittsford, taking 
their dinner, done up in a handkerchief, with them. On reaching the top of 


the mountain they hung their dinner on the branches of a tree, to be eaten 
on their return. They hastened down to Pittsford, bought a grind-stone 
weighing 100 lbs., with a crank attached, and started with it for home. For 
a time they tried to carry the stone by the crank, one taking each end ; but 
at last, becoming disgusted with this mode of procedure, they broke the crank 
and threw it away, putting a stick through the centre of the stone in its place, 
but as Waller was tall and Daly short, the stone kept slipping toward Daly ; 
however, with good pluck they persevered till they reached the spot where 
they had left their dinner, when, to their disappointment, they found it had 
been devoured by some animal, all but a few dry crusts. These the hungry 
men quickly disposed of and plodded on, reaching home in the night, having 
traveled between twenty-five and thirty miles. Mr. Daly operated his tannery 
until his death, at the age of seventy-six. 

Benjamin Blossom immigrated to Pittsfield in 1796, settling where the vil- 
lage now stands. He was employed by Mr. Goodrich as miller for the ten 
years following. Wm. R. Blossom, who is at present a resident of Pittsfield, 
was at the time his father came to the town, only seven years old, and the 
youngest of a large family of children. At this time the site of the present 
village was almost an unbroken forest, and the town was so sparsely settled 
that Mr. B. can remember the name of nearly every family that then resided 
in the town. William's only education was thus obtained at the district 
school. At the age of thirteen he worked six months for Mr. Goodrich, for 
the sum of $4.50 per month, the wages to go toward paying for thirty acres 
of land, then covered with timber, lying about a mile west of the village. For 
three years more young Blossom worked as he could to pay for his land, his 
mother and himself being quite anxious to own a farm. When he was sev- 
enteen he took his axe and his Httle pail of dinner and began the labor of 
felling the trees to make himself a farm. The next year he succeeded in 
getting up a house, to which he moved his father and mother, and where he 
resided until he removed, a few years ago, to a house standing on the very 
place where he lived when he first came to Pittsfield. When eighteen years 
of age he was elected corporal of the militia company, and at twenty-one 
was chosen lister, and the next year one of the selectmen. Since that time 
Mr. B. has held every office in the town, both civil and military, excepting 
that of treasurer. He now enjoys good health, in the 92d year of his age. 

During the year 1786, Stephen Holt, of Hampton, Conn., immigrated to 
Pittsfield, setthng on the farm now occupied by John Sawyer, having obtained 
the land by allotment, or at a cost of four cents per acre. This was the first 
farm settled within the present limits of the town. The land was covered 
with a dense growth of heavy timber at the time Mr. Holt took possession, 
but in a short time, however, he had cleared off a number of acres, and by 
aid of his wife, Hannah Gear, of Hampton, built comfortable buildings, and 
set out an orchard, which, for size and thrift, is probably not surpassed by 
any in town to-day. 


Mr. Holt was in the battle of Bennington, and when the war of 1812 broke 
out he enlisted and was at the battle of Plattsburgh. He had a family of six 
children, and with the aid of his boys, enlarged his farm from fifty to four- 
hundred and fifty acres. In his old age a brother in Connecticut died, leav- 
ing him $7,000. On receiving news of this bequest, Stephen set out for 
Connecticut, with a horse and wagon, secured his money and brought it to 
Pittsfield in a bag, lying in the bottom of his wagon. When staying over 
night at hotels he threw his harness over the bag of gold, this being the only 
precaution he took. Mr. Holt died at the age of ninety, leaving several sons, 
three of whom were captains of militia. 

Erastus Holt was born at Hampton, Conn., September 8th, 1777. He re- 
moved to Pittsfield at twenty- three years of age, in the year 1800, and settled 
on the farm now owned by William Swift. Here Mr. Holt built a log house 
and out-buildings and cleared off" the farm. The year after he settled in town 
he married Sallie Parmenter, of Pittsfield, by whom he had a family of nine 
girls and three boys, all but one of whom married at maturity. He practised 
law considerably, and was proverbial for a number of years as being the best 
legal man in the town. He represented the town in the general assembly 
seven consecutive years at one time, and eight years at another ; attended 
three constitutional conventions and was justice of peace thirty-two years. 
During the last eighteen years of his life he was confined to his bed by 
inflammatory rheumatism. Died March 28th, 1875, 3,ged 98 years. 

There are now no soldiers of the Revolution, nor of the war of 1812, liv- 
ing, except William R. Blossom. During the late war of 1861-65, the town 
furnished ;^2 men as their quota of soldiers. Lester Bard was killed at 
Gettysburg; Freeman Brown, at Fredericksburg; Frank Swan and John 

Shannon missing since Sheridan's fight in the Shenandoah valley ; 

Blanchard died in hospital near Washington ; Francis A. Gibbs died in a rebel 
prison, at Florence, S. C. The town has paid its expenses of the war and is 
clear of debt. 

Until the year 1800 there was but one school district in town, and the 
people built a large school-house near where Joel Ramsey now resides, 
which was used for schools, town-house and meeting-house for a number of 

T/ie Congregational Church, located at Pittsfield village, was organized 
September 17, 1803, by the Rev. Martin Fuller, of Royalston, with a mem- 
bership of sixteen and Justin Parsons as first pastor. The church building 
was erected in 1820, is a modest affair, capable of accommodating 2co 
persons, and cost $r,ooo. The church property is at present valued at 
$2,000. It has now about fifty members, with no settled minister. 

The M. E. Church of Pittsfield was organized by Joseph Crawford in 
i8o3, then having a membership of eight ; Mr. Crawford was their first pastor. 
In 1830 the first house of worship was erected, which was followed in 1859 
by the present edifice, a neat structure, capable of seating 250 persons, and 



cost $2,615; but the value of the church property has since decreased, 
so that the whole property is now valued at only $3,200. The society 
at present has a membership of ninety, with the Rev. J. W. Hitchcock, 

f|D|lTTSFORD, a northern central town, in lat. 43 "" 43' and long. 4^ 3' east 
*^^ from Washington, is bounded north by Brandon, east by Chittenden, 
W south by Rutland and west by Hubbardton and a small part of Ira, con- 
taining an area of about thirty-six square miles, originally granted to Ephraim 
Doohttle and sixty-three others, by Benning VVentworth, on the 12th of Octo- 
ber, 1761, the charter containing the usual reservations common to all the 
Wentworth grants. The name was derived from a ford on Otter Creek, 
named in honor of William Pitt, then prime minister of England. 

The surface, in the central part of the town, along the valley of Otter Creek, 
is level and quite productive, containing many beautiful farms ; while the 
eastern and western portions are hilly and less fertile, though containing much 
good grazing land. The territory is watered by Otter Creek, which flows 
through the central part of the town from south to north, having many tribu- 
taries, of which Furnace Brook is the largest. Along these streams are mead- 
ows of rich alluvial soil, while that in other parts of the town is generally 
loam, with some tracts which are sandy, and some of clay. The rocks are 
principally of the eoHan limestone deposit, containing some excellent quarries 
of marble. Iron ore is abundant, and manganese is found in some locaH- 
ties. The timber is oak, pine, maple, beech, birch, elm, walnut, poplar &c., 
and lumbering is carried on to some extent, while from the maple large 
quantities of sugar are manufactured each year. The Central Vermont Rail- 
road passes through the middle of the town from north to south. 

In 1880 Pittsford had a population of 1,983, was divided into fourteen 
school districts and contained fourteen common schools, employing two male 
and twenty female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $3,132.80. There were 
286 pupils attending, and the entire cost of the schools for the year ending 
Oct. 31st, was $2,424.44, with Mr. Isaac H. Hall, superintendent. 

Pittsford, a post village, beautifully located a little east of the center of 
the town, is composed of three sections, locally known as Pittsford, Hitch- 
cockville and Pittsford Mills, which once were separate settlements, but as 
they increased in size, gradually approached until they united. It contains 
four churches, several mercantile and manufacturing interests, a number of 
fine residences and a good hotel ; nearly a mile west of the village is a sta- 
tion of the C. V. Railroad. 

J^. W. Smith &> Co's marble quarry is located in the western part of the 
town, about three quarters of a mile from the C. V. R. R., with which it is 
connected by a branch track. The deposit of marble at this place is of ex- 
cellent quality, the belt being from 400 to 600 feet in width and a mile and a 


half in length. The quarry is loo by 400 feet, and in its first year, 1880, 
produced and exported upwards of 26,000 cubic feet of sound marble. The 
stock of this belt or deposit having been quite extensively used for the last 
twenty years, is rapidly growing in popularity, the company now giving em- 
ployment to seventy-five men, running five steam stone cutting machines, and 
producing marble at the rate of about 100,000 cubic feet per year, which 
amount they expect to exceed in the future. 

The property of the old Central Vermont Marble Co., located on the farm 
occupied by Geo. H. Osborn, has not been worked for the last five years, but 
is now under prospect of reorganization. 

J. B. Fraiiklyii s pulp and paper-mill, located at Pittsford Mills, is operated 
by water-power, and employs from 1 2 to 20 men, manufacturing two tons of 
pulp and paper daily. 

J. H. Peabody' s sheepskui moccasin, mitten and glove manufactory, located 
at Pittsford, was established in i860, and for a long time was the only manu- 
factory of the kind in the county. He is now doing a large business. 

IVm. B. Sargent's wago)i-shop, located on road 45, is operated by water- 
])Ower, and employs four men. He has also a custom grist-mill in connection 
with the shop. 

The Titan Furnace, located on road 15, owned and operated by Naylor & 
Co., of Boston, Mass., is run by both steam and water-power, and engaged 
in the manufacture of pig-iron. It employs 21 men, consumes 1,200 bushels 
of coal, producing ten tons of iron per day. 

Edson's saw-mill, located at East Pittsford, was originally built in 1797, and 
is now owned by W. E. Edson, who manufactures here about 100,000 feet of 
lumber per annum. 

About eight years after the granting of Pittsford, 1769, the first settlement 
was commenced by Gideon and Benjamin Cooley, from Greenwich, Mass., 
who were soon after joined by Roger Stevens, FeHx Powell, Ebenezer Hop- 
kins, Stephen Mead, Moses Olmsted, Edward Owen, Joshua Woodward and 
others, from Massachusetts and Connecticut, so that at the time of the Rev- 
olutionary war there were over thirty families settled in the town, and at the 
time of the first call upon Pittsford for troops, there were within the limits of 
the town 38 famiUes and about 195 inhabitants. But few of the men entered 
the regular service of the United States, but formed themselves into an inde- 
pendent company, numbering some forty members, which was frequently 
called out on occasions of alarm. Pittsford being a frontier town was partic- 
ularly exposed to attack by the British and Indians, the latter having in some 
instances attacked families whom they either killed or carried into captivity, 
so the inhabitants at an early date took measures to protect themselves as 
much as possible. Accordingly, in 1777, a fort was constructed on the east 
bank of Otter Creek, called Fort Mott, in honor of John Mott, who frequent- 
ly acted as commander. This fort, however, proved insufficient security for 
the people, so in 1779 they determined to build another of superior strength. 


The site was selected about a mile north-east of Fort Mott, and the fort com- 
pleted in June, 1780, and kept garrisoned until the close of the war. Soon 
after its completion, it was christened " Fort Vengeance," in record of a vow 
made by the inmates against the Indians for killing one of their number, 
Caleb Houghton. 

The fort at Centre Rutland was made the principal depot of supplies for 
the troops in this section of the State, and from which the ammunition and 
provisions were conveyed to the forts at East Rutland, Castleton and Pitts- 
ford, as they were needed. But it was found inconvenient to get supplies at 
Pittsford, on account of there being no bridge across Otter Creek at this 
place. Accordingly the General Assembly passed an act in 1780, that one 
should be built, which was done, being the first bridge erected over Otter 
Creek in the township, and stood near the present Gorham bridge, being 
built under the superintendence of Benjamin Cooley. In 1785 this was fol- 
lowed by another bridge, just below the former, and was called the " Mead 

The first grist mill was erected in 1772, by Samuel Crippen ; previous to 
this the settlers had been obliged to carry their grain to Bennington and 
Charlestown to get it ground, a distance of about sixty miles. The most 
popular mode of grinding, however, had been that of crushing the grain in a 
mortar in the Indian style. The second grist mill was built at the mouth of 
Stevens' Brook, in 1774, or early in 1775, t>y Roger Stevens, Jr. The third 
was built in 1783, on Furnace Brook, by Elder EHsha Rich. 
The first saw-mill was built about the year 1774, by Jonathan Fas- 
sett, and was located on Mill Brook. In the year 1800, Amos 
Weller and Anthony Butler built a saw mill on the brook near 
Mr. Butler's house, and during the same year mills were erected by Stephen 
Jenner, David Cross, and Benjamin and Caleb Cooley. The first fulling 
mill and works for dressing cloth were erected by Noel Avery, in 1796, 
located on Ripley Brook, some twentf-five rods above its entrance into Fur- 
nace Brook. The first tannery was carried on by Nathaniel Kingsley, who 
was located in school district No. 2, in 1785. 

A furnace for smelting iron ore was erected in the town upon the present 
site of the furnace in Furnace village, by Israel Keith, from Easton, Mass., 
in 1 791, the ore being mostly brought from Chittenden, a distance of two 
miles, and yielded a fair per cent, of good iron, which found a ready sale. 
The present furnace has passed through a number of hands, and a portion 
of the time been closed, until now it is operated by Naylor & Co., of Boston. 

In 1827, a foundry was started by Cyrus Gibbs and John Cooley, located 
near the mouth of Ripley Brook, and was long known as the " Pocket Fur- 
nace." This was followed by another in 1829, built by Simeon Granger & 
Sons, near the blast furnace. 

The first marble quarry in the town was opened by Jeremiah Sheldon, in 
1795, and was subsequently sold to WiUiam Barnes in 1802. Most of the 


marble used for monuments and building purposes at that early day was taken 
from this quarry. 

The town records were accidentally destroyed by fire at an early date, so 
it is not known just at what time the town was organized, but probably about 
the year J 770, one year after the first settlement. According to the present 
records, Jonathan Fassett was the first Representative, serving during 1778, 
'83 and '84. 

The first white child born in Pittsford was a daughter of Felix Powell, the 
exact date of her birth not being known, but probably about 1770. The 
child lived but a few weeks. The first male child was Alfred, son of Isaac 
and Elizabeth Buck, born March 28, 177 1, who grew to manhood, became a 
useful citizen, and died May 23, 1842, leaving several children. 

There was but one public house in the town before the Revolutionary war. 
This was kept by Samuel Waters, on the west side of the creek, near the 
military road. At what time it was opened for the accommodation of travel- 
ers cannot now be determined, though it was known as a pubhc house in 
1774. Mr. Waters kept this house till about the time of Burgoyne's invasion, 
in 1777, when he fled with his family to Shaftsbury, where he afterwards died. 
The first public house after the war was kept by Dea. Caleb Hendee, on the 
site of Fort Vengeance. On his return from Clarendon, in 1782, he repaired 
his house, and the following year opened it as a tavern, and continued it as 
such until 1808, when it was closed to the public. 

There are four burial grounds in the town. The first was laid out in 1785, 
though the proprietors intended the ground for burial purposes long before it 
was regularly laid out, as it was thus used almost from the first instances of 
riiortahty in the township. The inclosure contains two acres, and is located 
on the west side of the road, south-west of the Baptist meeting-house. It is 
not known whose remains were first interred, but the oldest there is any record 
of is that of Hannah, wife of Ebenezer Drury, who died December 12, 1777, 
in the 35th year of her age. There was a burial ground, at a very early day, 
on the west side of the creek, on land formerly owned by James Hopkins. 
It is situated on the east side of the road, some six or eight rods north of 
three fragments of a large boulder, which are conspicuously seen from the 
road. It was used for this purpose previous to 1785. The present cemetery, 
located a little east of the village, covers an area of about six acres, finely 
laid out and improved, until now it is a beautiful spot for burying the dead. 
It was dedicated on the 4th of July, 1857. 

Gideon Cooley was born in the year 1737, and at the commencement of 
the French war enlisted as a soldier in the cause of his country, and during 
his service passed through this township several times, and each time became 
more and more impressed with its beauty and fertility, and after his term of 
enlistment was over, procured a right of Capt. Doolittle, free, providing he 
would settle upon it and make improvements. So in company with his 
brother, Benjamin, he came to Pittsford in May, 1767, made some improve- 


ments and planted grain that year, and the year following brought his family, 
forming the first settlement of the township, where they resided many years ; 
several of their descendants are residents of the town now. 

Roger Stevens came soon after Cooley, building a grist-mill at the mouth 
of Stevens' Brook, in 1774. At the breaking out of the war he espoused the 
cause of England, and his property was confiscated under the proscription 
act. After the war he settled in Canada, near the Rideau River, in which, 
some years later, he was drowned while shooting ducks. His wife did not 
long survive him. 

FeUx Powell settled here in 1770, and built a small house on land formerly 
owned by Isaac C. Wheaton, where he resided many years, his daughter 
being the first white child born in the township, as previously mentioned. 

James Hopkins came to Pittsford in the summer of 1769, and was so well 
pleased with the township that he purchased two rights of Felix Powell, a 
part of which he pitched on the east side of Otter Creek and a part on the 
west side ; early in the following spring he brought his family and began 
improvements upon his farm. 

Richard M. Powers, from Greenwich, Mass., settled in Pittsford about 
1800, on road 46, then known as the "Market Road," from the fact of its 
being the great highway to and from Troy, where he lived until he died. Mr. 
Powers was a farmer. He married Polly Carpenter, of Wilbraham, Mass., 
and raised thirteen children, seven boys and six girls. Seven of his children 
are now living. His youngest son, Artemus C, Hves on the old homestead, 
near Sutherland Falls. A continuation of the Sutherland Falls marble de- 
posit extends across his land, one hundred and forty rods. Nicholas M., an- 
other son, lives in Clarendon, and is a bridge-builder of note. He and his 
son laid out the wood work of the Philadelphia & Baltimore Railroad bridge 
across the Susquehanna, at Havre-de-Grace, Md., and of many other important 

Caleb Houghton, who was killed by an Indian, July 15, 1780, was the only 
man killed on Pittsford soil in the defence of his country. In 1873 a 
monument was erected to his memory by the citizens of Pittsford, bearing 
the following inscription : — 

"Fort Vengeance, erected in 1780, stood here. 
Pittsford Company, 1778 — Capt., Benjamin Cooley; Lieut., 
Moses Olmsted; Ensign, James Hopkins; Sergeants, Silas 
Mosher, David Crippen and Samuel Ellsworth ; Clerk, John 
Barnes; Corporals, J as. Stevens, Asahel Stevens, Aaron Parsons. 
Erected by the town of Pittsford, dedicated Aug. 28, 1873. 
Caleb Houghton, born at Bolton, Mass., 1780, member 
of Capt. Safford's Co., Major Allen's detachment, 
stationed at this fort, killed by an Indian one- 
half mile south, July 15, 1780. His re- 
mains removed here in Aug., 1873." 
Pittsford Congregational CJnirch, located at Pittsford, was organized by 
its first pastor, Eleazer Harwood, and fourteen others, on April 14, 1784, and 


was the first church organized in the town. Services were held in private 
houses until about the year 1790, when they were usually held in a school- 
house which stood a few rods south of the old Penfield house ; but when the 
town-house was completed in 1795, they were held in that building. The 
present building was commenced in 1835, and finished so that it was dedi- 
cated in July :8, 1837. In 1879-80 a commodious lecture room was built 
and a fine organ erected, at a total expense of $4,500.00, the structure now 
being capable of comfortably accommodating 600 persons. The society 
numbers 233 members, under the pastoral care of Rev. C. C. Mclntire. 

The Pittsford Baptist Churchy located at Pittsford village, was originally 
organized Dec. 2, 1784, by Elisha Rich and six others. Elder Rich being the 
first pastor. The first house of worship was erected in 1785, and occupied 
till 1795, when the town-house was used. In 1803 the present building was 
erected, and was kept up a few years, when the society disbanded and the 
edifice was fast going to ruins, till in 1841 the society was reorganized with 
fourteen members, and the building remodeled and improved, so that it is 
now a neat structure, with seating room for 160 persons. The society now 
has 90 members, with Rev. M. M. Mills, pastor. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church, located at Pittsford village, was organ- 
ized in 1799, by Elder McLain, with four members. In 1816 the church 
building was erected, with a seating room for 300 persons, the property 
being now valued at $8,500. The society at present has 149 members, with 
Rev. Andrew Heath, pastor. 

The EasJ: Pittsford M. E. Church, located just over the line, in Chitten- 
den, was organized in 1851, by Aruna Lyon, the first pastor, with thirty mem- 
bers. During the same year they erected a church edifice that will accom- 
modate 150 persons, at a cost of $800, being about the present valuation of 
the property. The society is now in a prosperous condition, with Rev. J. S. 
Mott, pastor. 

St. Alphonsds Church, (Catholic,) located at Pittsford Mills, was organ- 
ized by their first pastor, Rev. Chas. Baylen, in 1870, and soon after a com- 
fortable building was erected. The society now has 450 members, with Rev. 
J. M. Gelot, of Rutland, pastor. 

^^OULTNEY is located in the western part of the county, in lat. 44° 32' 
f^ and long. 3° 54' east from Washington, and is bounded north by Castle- 
f|r ton, east by Middletown and Ira, south by Wells, and West by Hamp- 
ton, in New York, and a part of Fairhaven. It was chartered by Penning 
Wentworth, the "Royal Governor of New Hampshire," September 21, 1761, 
and contained an area of 23,040 acres, or six miles square, bounded in said 
charter as follows : — 

" Beginning at the north-west corner of Wells, a township lately granted in 
this province, and from thence running due north six miles ; thence turning 
off at right angles, and running due east, six miles ; thence turning at right 
angles, and running due west, by Wells aforesaid, to the north-west corner 
thereof, being the bounds begun at." 


On the 28th of October, 1784, 2,388 acres were taken from Poultney to- 
wards forming the town of Micldletown, and again on the 31st day of Octo- 
ber, 1798, five thousand five hundred and forty-three acres were set to Poultney 
from the north part of Wells. Excei)t from these changes the territory re- 
mains as it was originally. 

The surface is pleasantly diversified by hills and vales, the highest eleva- 
tions being Si^ruce Knob in the eastern, and Mount St. Catherine in the 
soutliern part, while the whole is rendered fertile and picturesque by numer- 
ous small streams, containing some excellent' mill-sites. Poultney River, the 
largest stream, and only considerable one in the town, enters from Middle- 
town, Hows westerly to the western boundary line, whence it flows north on 
the said line for a short distance, and tlien turns westerly again and forms the 
line between Fairhaven and the State of New York. Lake St. Catherine, or 
Lake Austin, extends from Wells, on the south, to nearly the centre of Poult- 
ney, and is the only sheet of water in the township, with the exception of a 
small pond in the north-western part, which is not deemed of sufficient im- 
portance to receive other than a purely local name. 

The soil is warm and productive, especially along Poultney River, where 
are found alluvial flats of rare fertility, though in some places quite consider- 
ably mixed with gravel. The geological formation is mainly slate of the 
Georgia slate deposit, containing many excellent quarries that are worked to a 
considerable extent, forming an important item in the wealth of the township. 

The timber is principally deciduous, consisting of elm, oak, pine and hem- 
lock, and, on the higher lands, beech and maple predominating. But a 
remnant, however, is left of the grand old forest that densely covered the 
territory at the time of its first settlement. 

The Rutland & Washington Railroad enters the township from New 
York near the center of the west line, traversing the township in a north- 
easterly direction, entering Castleton at about the center of its south line, 
thus forming a speedy and convenient mode of transportation for the 
products of the township. 

In 1880 Poultney had a population of 3,717, was divided into sixteen 
school districts, and contained eighteen common schools, employing three 
male and twenty-five female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $2,658.30. 
There were 541 pupils attending common schools, and the entire cost of the 
schools for the year ending October 30th, was $2,965.93, with Mr. Calvin 
Granger, superintendent. 

Poultney, a post village and station on the Rutland & Washington Rail- 
way, is a very handsome Httle town, pleasantly located, near the western 
border of the township, on Poultney River, and contains four churches, two 
banks, two hotels, several manufactories, and is the seat of the Troy Con- 
ference Academy and of St. John's Parish School. 

Troy Conference was organized in the year 1833. At its first session It 
was decided to build a Conference Academy. Poultney was selected as the 


seat of the institution. The buildings were completed and opened for stu- 
dents in September 1837. (See Illustration on opposite page.) The school, 
however, was opened a year earlier, in a house that stood on the Academy 
grounds, with Rev. Sabin S. Stocking as principal. From the first the num- 
ber of students was large and the school took a high stand. The institution 
has been very fortunate in its Principals. They have been, without exception, 
men eminent in the Church. Stocking was succeeded by Rev. Daniel Curry, 
D. D. The third principal was Rev. James Cowel. The fourth, Jesse T. 
Peck, D. D., since Bishop, who served from 1840 to 1848. His successor 
was Rev. J. Newman, D. D., who held the position till 185 1, when he was 
called to a professorship in Union College. The next principals were Rev. 
Oran Flavilla and Jason O. Walker. Some of the subordinate teachers dur- 
ing this time were James Strong, S. T. D., Rev. E. Wentworth, D. D., Pro- 
fessor W. P. Codington, now of Syracuse University ; Rev. R. H. Howard 
and Rev. George G. Saxe. In 1855 the Academy passed out of the hands 
of the Conference. A considerable portion of the cost of the buildings had 
never been paid, and although the debt had been somewhat reduced, enough 
remained to prove a great embarrassment to the trustees. To rid themselves 
of this burden they gave a perpetual lease of the property to Rev. Joshua Poor. 
From 1855 to 1873 the school was conducted as a private enterprise. In 
1863 Mr. Poor sold his interest to Rev. J. Newman, D. D., who changed the 
school to one for ladies only, under the name of Ripley Female College. Con- 
vinced that the interests of education within its bounds demanded a school 
that should be conducted on broader principles than the private institutions 
they were compelled to patronize, the Conference in 1874 bought back the 
property, and the institution was re-chartered under the old name, Troy Con- 
ference Academy. Rev. M. E. Cady, A. M., was principal till 1877, when 
he was succeeded by the present incumbent, Rev. C. H. Dunton, A. M. It 
has been the design of the trustees to make it a first-class college preparatory 
school, and the high rank taken in college by the young men prepared here, 
testifies to the success that is being achieved. Four other graduate courses 
are maintained. The management of the school was never more vigorous 
and successful than at present, the graduating class numbering fifteen. 

Sf. Johii s Parish School, located on Church street, was established by 
Rev. E. H. Randall in 1870, who invited all classes of children. Since that 
time it has been in successful operation, and is still conducted by Mr. Ran- 
dall with an efficient corps of assistants, who have always maintained for the 
school an excellent reputation, both for instruction and discipline. 

The Bank of Poiiltney was chartered Oct. 29, 1820, with a capital of $100,- 
000, and Merritt Clark, who still retains the position, was chosen cashier, 
The bank was reestablished under an act of Nov. 13, 1856, with a capital of 

The First National Bank of Ponltney was organized June 23, 1881, with 
a capital of $50,000. J. B. Beaman, president; Leonidas Gray, vice-presi- 
dent ; and M. D. Cole, cashier. 


Rtiggle^ s foundry and machine-shop, located on Furnace street, was built by 
J. & H. Stanley, about the year 1828, and is now owned and operated by 
Henry Ruggles, who rebuilt the property about the year 1850, and is now en- 
gaged there in the manufactory of slate and marble working machinery, and 
doing all kinds of custom work ; the shops having manufactured up to the 
year i860 about 5,000 stoves, though that branch of the business has since 
been discontinued. Mr. Ruggles employs about twenty-five men. 

Chapin' s dairy apparatus ma?u/facfory,\ocaXe^ in this village, is engaged in 
the manufacture of all kinds of dairy fixtures, and employs about six men. 

Clark' s carriage viaiiufactory^ located on Grove street, was established in 
1842, by Andrew Clark, who still carries on the business and employs four 

Holliday' s 7vag07i and carriage j-Z/^/j, located on York street, were established 
in 1875, by D, H. HoUiday, who is still engaged at this place in the manu- 
facture of all kinds of wagons, carriages and sleighs. 

The Poultney Slate Works, located at this village, were established by a stock 
company in January of 188 1. They are engaged in the manufacture of 
slate-goods, making a specialty of tile-roofing for flat roofs. They operate 
three quarries in the northern part of the township, and employ thirty men. 

Ripley &^ Stanley's lumber, sash and door manufactory, located on Church 
street, was estabUshed in December of 1870. They now employ from fifteen 
to twenty men, and manufacture 400,000 feet of lumber per annum. Their 
sashes and doors are consumed to a great extent in the county. 

The Poultney Nurseries were started by their present owner, Mr. Elijah 
Ross, in a small way in 1872. He has since added to his stock from time to 
time until he now has one of the finest nurseries in this part of the State. 
They cover an area of a number of acres, containing from forty to fifty 
thousand grafted and budded trees. 

Beatnan's Hotel, pleasantly located on Main street, corner of Beaman, was 
built in 1828 by Joel Beaman, though it has since been remodeled by its 
present proprietor, Mr. C. C. Beaman. 

The Poultney House, very pleasantly located at this village, with accommo- 
dations for seventy-five guests, was built and used as a store nearly forty years 
ago, afterwards changed to a commercial college, and since 1868 has been 
used as an hotel. 

The Poultney Cemetery is very beautifully situated in the east part of the 
village, on a gentle rise of ground, affording a fine view of the village. It 
covers an area of about eight acres, and is kept in fine condition. The 
Cemetery Association was incorporated in 1863 ; Merritt Clark was chosen the 
first president, Edward Clark, treasurer, and Rev. E. H. Randall, superinten- 

The Poultney Industrial Society is the result of an earnest desire for a 
town fair that should embrace the good and exclude the bad features which 
usually attend fairs. It has been a decided success since its organization, in 


the fall of 1877, and steadily grown in usefulness. In the autumn it holds a 
fair, and in the winter, meetings, at which questions of interest are discussed 
in such a manner as to engage the attention of all classes. The purpose to 
maintain its high standing has been rigidly adhered to, and the result has 
shown that a fair without a horse-trot is not only possible, but really most 

East Poultney, a post village, located near the centre of the township, on 
Poultney River, contains three churches, two stores, one hotel, two black- 
smith shops, one cheese factory, a tannery, saw mill, grist mill, etc., and a 
number of neat, substantial dweUings. The east village, though now the 
smallest of the two, was formerly the business centre of the town, and con- 
tinued so until the building of the railroad, completed in 1852, and the 
springing up of the slate business in the west part of the town, when the 
west village outstripped it and is now much the larger place. Among the 
old houses of this village is that of Joseph Mears, built about the year 1780, 
and for a time used as a church by the Thomp&onites, a division of the 
Congregational Church. The houses occupied by Stephen Scott and Mr. C. 
Ross, were built by John and Josiah Grant about the year 1800. The old 
Eagle Tavern, now occupied by Alexander Murdock, was built previous to 
the year 1800. 

S/imii's grist and dderinill^ located about half a mile east of East Poultney, 
operates two runs of stones, and manufactures about 450 barrels of cider per 

The Green Mountai?i Grist Mill, owned by E. J. Williams, was built by 
him in 1872. It operates four runs of stones, and does custom work to a 
great extent. 

Benjamin Lewis &= Qd s slate quarries are situated in the north-western 
part of the town. The slate is of a purple and variegated color. They 
manufacture about six squares per day and employ six men. 

The Globe Slate Cds quarries, opened in 1869, are situated in the 
north-west part of the town, on the land owned by L. C. Spaulding. They 
employ about ten men. 

Lloyd, Owetis 6^ Cds quarry is situated in the north-west part of the 
town, on road 24. They manufacture unfading green, purple, sea-green and 
variegated slate, employ thirty men and manufacture from six to seven 
thousand squares per year. 

J. Evatis 6^ Cds quarry is situated in the northern part of the town, on 
road 24, where they manufacture about 1,000 squares of unfading green slate 
per year. 

Lewis' cider-mill, located on Lewis Brook, manufactures about 1,000 bar- 
rels of cider per year. 

Ever^^reen Slate (^//r/rrj', owned by Hiram Ainsworth, of Castleton, is located 
in the north-west part of the town, on road i, and employs about 50 m^n, 
manufacturing 12,000 squares per year. 


The Eureka Slate Cds quarry, situated about three miles north of Poult- 
ney, was opened by John Humphrey in 1852, and is now owned by an Enghsh 
company, and managed by H. G. Hughes. It employs 55 men and yields 
15,000 squares of slate per year. 

The Great Western Slate Cds quarry is situated about three miles north 
of Poultney. They employ twelve men. 

H. K Smith's saw-mill, located on Lewis Brook, was built in 1870, and 
replaced one burned a month earher. The mill cuts 1 00,000 feet of lumber 
per year. 

The Royal Purple Slate Quarry, situated about two and one-half miles 
north of Poultney, is owned by Jones & Ainsworth, and employs six men. 

The Culver slate quarries, situated two and one-half miles south of 
Poultney, were opened by D. Culver in 1872, and manufacture about 4,000 
squares of sea-green slate per year. 

Gardner Parker &= Son, manufacturers and dealers in all kinds of roofing 
slate, operate two quarries in Hampton, N . Y., and one in Poultney, employ- 
ing about fifty men. 

Anthony Flagg has been in the business of carriage and ornamental paint- 
ing at Poultney for fourteen years, and employs two men. 

The Centennial Grist Mill, near East Poultney, on Poultney River, was 
built by James Bullock in 1876. It has two runs of stones. 

Mear's saw-mill, located on Poultney River, at East Poultney, was burned 
and re-built in 1870. It cuts about 100,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

Dewey &= Cds carriage manufactory, located at East Poultney, was 
estabUshed by Morse Bros, in 1858. The present firm employs six men and 
manufactures all kinds of wagons, carriages and sleighs. 

Gibbs' cheese-factory, located in East Poultney, was built by a stock com- 
pany in 1866. In 187 1 the factory was purchased by Ira Gibbs, the present 
proprietor, who manufactures cheese from the milk of 400 cows. 

The East Poultney Tannery was destroyed by fire in 1840, and subsequently 
rebuilt, and again in 1872 it burned and was rebuilt. It does a business of 
about $300.00 per month. 

The Williams Slate Mill, located one and one-fourth miles south of 
Poultney, on the Rutland & Washington R. R., was erected in 1872 by W. 
R. «& J. R. WilHams, who manufacture there all kinds of slate goods, em- 
ploying about thirty men. 

Griffith &= Nathanier s slate quarries and manufactory are situated some 
two and one-half miles south-east of Poultney, and manufacture about 
15,000 squares of slate per year, employing fifty men. 

H. R. Clark's carriage and sleigh manufactory, located in Poultney, does 
all kinds of blacksrnithing and manufactures quarrying tools in connection 
with the carriage business. 

The Poultney Marble Works, located at Poultney, were established in 1858 
by J. J. Rowe & Son. Harvey Rowe, the present proprietor, employs two 
men and does about $3,000.00 worth of business per annum. 


The Moseley &= Stoddard Manufacturing Company was organized January 25, 
1881, to continue the business previously conducted for 1 4 years by F. W. Mose- 
lyand by Moseley & Stoddard, consisting mainly in the manufacture of dairying 
apparatus. The business of the firm was largely increased by the manufac- 
ture of Moseley's Cabinet Creamery, invented by F. W. Moseley in the spring 
of 1879, and still further increased by the manufacture of the Stoddard Churn, 
the invention of M. O. Stoddard. The present company are employing about 
thirty-five men. and steadily increasing their business. During the year 1880 
the old company manufactured and sold eight hundred of Moseley's cabinet 
creameries, and about the same number of Stoddard's churns. From the 
present indications, double the number will be sold during the year of 1881. 
The Lake I'ieta House, located on Lake St. Catherine, about three miles 
from Poultney, was built in 1876, and has accommodations for about twenty 
guests. The building is handsomely located in a pine grove on the shore of 
the lake, affording a fine view of this popular summer resort. In connection 
with the hotel are three pleasant cottages. The property is owned and under 
the management of Mr. P. J. Grifiith. 

Oak Dale House, located on the east shore of the lake, in a fine oak grove, 
was built by R. O. Dyer and F. J. Buckingham in 1878. It is much resorted to 
by pic-nic and pleasure parties, and has a boat-house well suppUed with boats 
for their accommodation. During the boarding season the steam-boat stops 
at the house. 

The town-farm is situated in the north-east part of the town, on road 31, 
and contains 275 acres, with a building 30 by 40 feet, with an addition. Dur- 
ing the winter of 188 1 the farm had from fifteen to seventeen inmates, under 
the management of James T. Ballard. 

Although the town of Poultney was chartered in 1761, there was no white 
person dweUing within its limits until 177 1, a period of nearly ten years after 
it was granted. On the 15th of April of this year, Ebenezer Allen and 
Thomas Ashley came into the town, the former bringing his family with him 
and both settling on" the banks of Poultney River, near where the old turn- 
pike crosses it at Poultney village. Where Allen came from is not known, 
but probably from Connecticut, as he was in company with Ashley, who came 
from that State. Each erected a shanty, and Ashley cleared a small patch of 
land and planted it with corn, which occupied his time for about a month : 
then returned for his family, consisting of seven. During this year Allen had 
a son born, the first white child born in the town. Allen remained here only 
a few years, when he sold his improvements and removed to Grand Isle. 
Ashley remained on his farm until his death, in 18 10. 

Later in the season of 1771, Allen and Ashley were followed by the families 
of Elijah and John Owen, Isaac Ashley and Nehemiah Howe. From this 
time immigration was quite rapid, so that in 1777 there were over thirty fam- 
ilies in the town, among which are found the names of Hyde, Marshall, 
Ward, etc., all of which became familiar in the subsequent history of the town. 


The infant colony became scattered, however, on the invasion of Burgoyne 
in the summer of 1777, being all driven off by his army and the Indians ; 
most of the men joining the American forces, where several of them became 

The first town meeting on record was held March 8, 1775, with Zebulon 
Richards, moderator. Heber Allen was chosen town clerk, and Nehemiah 
Howe, Zebulon Richards and Cotton Fletcher, selectmen ; Isaac Ashley, con- 
stable, and John Ashley, tithing man. This was the first regular town meet- 
ing, though meetings had been held as early as April, 1772, one year after 
the first settlement, at which Samuel Howe was chosen moderator. Much 
that would throw light upon the obscurity that now envelops the proceedings 
of the early settlers, was burned with the town clerk's office in East Poultney, 
January 9, 1862. 

The first grist-mill was built by Nehemiah Howe, some httle time before 
1777, at the falls where the east village now stands. Previous to this the 
settlers were obliged to carry their grain to Manchester to get it ground, a 
distance of thirty miles, until a mill was erected in Pawlet. The first burial 
ground was started in 1773, by the interment of Joel Grannis, who was 
frozen to death while lost in the forest, and the first death that occurred in 
the town. This burial ground is the present cemetery located on Main street, 
a little east of the east village. 

Hon. WiUiam Ward, of New Marlboro, Mass., married Lucy Church, 
December nth, 1763, and removed from New Marlboro to Poultney in 
November, 1775, locating in the north part of the town, upon the farm now 
occupied by one of his descendants, Mrs. Sophia Ward, the old homestead 
having never since left the possession of the Ward family. WiUiam had a 
family of twelve children who left numerous descendants, the nearest residing 
in this State being C. C. Ward, now a resident of this town, on road 8. Mr. 
Ward was the first Representative of the town, holding the office eighteen 
consecutive years, and in all served more terms than any other man that ever 
resided in the town; was judge of probate twenty-two years, and justice of 
the peace over forty years. He died August 3d, 1819, at the age of 76 
years. His wife died January 6th, 1846, aged 98 years. 

Ichabod Marshall was born in New Marlboro, Mass., in August, 1741 ; 
married Lydia Stearns in November, 1760, and in December, 1772 removed 
with his family to Poultney, locating where the east village stands, upon the 
farm now occupied in part by his grandson, Harvey Marshall, and which 
has never been owned out of the Marshall family. Ichabod died in Novem- 
ber, 1792. His widow died in October, 1836. 

Josiah Lewis emigrated from Connecticut in 177 1 or '72, and located upon 
the farm, on road 5, now owned by Mark Lewis, the old homestead having 
always been kept in the Lewis family. Josiah was a Revolutionary soldier ; 
was in the battle of Hubbardton, and at the taking of Ticonderoga. He died 
previous to the year 1800. 



Ebenezer Hyde, with his three brothers, emigrated from Connecticut soon 
after the first settlement, and located near the present village of Poultney, 
where he died about the year 18 15. His grandson, Martin Hyde, resides in 
the village, on Main street, at the age of 76 years. 

William Preston, from Connecticut, came to Poultney in 1781, locating in 
the north part of the town, on road 21, upon the farm now owned by Martha 
Preston, and it has since been in the possession of the Preston family. 
William died April 15, 181 5, at the age of 99 years, ri months and 10 days. 

John Bliss emigrated to Castleton in 1783, locating on a charter lot in the 
south-west part of the town, where he resided until his death, in 1825. His 
son George, one of twelve children, was born there in 181 8, and commenced 
the study of medicine at the Castleton Medical College, in 1841, graduating 
in 1844, and for the last thirty years has been a practising physician of 

Lindsey Joslin emigrated to Poultney from Massachusetts in 1785, and with 
his brother, Samuel, erected a forge about half a mile east of the east village ; 
he continuing his residence in the town until his death, which occurred 
August 1 2th, 1826, in the 77th year of his age. His son, Joseph, one of six 
children, still resides in the town, at the age of 82 years, and has long been 
one of the prominent men, has held several town offices, having been Repre- 
sentative three terms, and been a deacon of the Baptist Church for the last 
fifty years. 

Jonathan Morgan, from Simsburg, Conn., immigrated to Poultney in 1795, 
locating in the east part of the town, on road 47, upon the farm now occupied 
by his sons, Isaac H. and J., where he died on March 22d, 1859, at the age 
of 74 years. 

Seth Ruggles came to Poultney from Massachusetts in 1804, locating in the 
central part of the town, upon the farm now occupied by Jasper A. Benedict, 
where he resided until his death. Frederick Ruggles, son of Seth, is still a 
resident of the town, at the age of 76 years. 

Warren Clark came to Poultney from Bethlehem, Mass., in the year 1805, 
and resided in several localities in the town during his fife, dying on the 31st 
of December, 1863. His son, Joseph W.,one of eleven children, still resides 
in the town, on road 33. 

Stephen Howe, with his son Chester, came to Poultney from Connecticut, 
in 1 81 2, and located in the western part of the town, where he resided until 
his death, at an advanced age. Chester remained in the town but a few 
years; his daughter, Phoebe Babcock, is still a resident, at the age of 92 years, 
making her home with the family of Noah C. Fenton. 

Royal Pease came to Poultney from New York in i8r6, and located upon 
Pond Hill, where he resided until his death, in 1837. His son, Albert Pease, 
is still a resident of the town. 

F. W. Whitlock was the second person to engage in the slate business in 
Poultney, and, it is said, opened the second quarry in the county, in 1847. 


In 1848 he sent to Wales for 25 practical slate workers; he operated a quarry 
for many years, employing from 30 to 50 men. 

Dan Tond, first son of Philip, born March 4, 1726, at Bradford, Conn., re- 
moved from Stockbridge, Mass., to Poultney, in 1782, locating with a portion 
of his family on "Pond Hill." He had fifteen children — 13 sons and two 
daughters. All but one (PhiHp) lived to have families. Dan died May 27, 
1783, aged 56 years, and is buried in the East Poultney Cemetery. Asahel, 
Jr., fifth son of Major Asahel, and grandson to Dan, was born May 20, 1807, 
married Calista Hartwell and removed to Castleton, where he still resides on 
the shore of Lake Bomoseen. 

The Congregational Church at East Poultney was organized by their first 
pastor. Rev. Thomas Hibbard, in 1780, the first church society and the first 
settled minister in the town. The first church building was erected in 1783, 
and used by the society until 1803, when the present edifice was erected; it 
is a pleasantly located, neat structure, with a seating capacity of 400, and 
valued at $4,000.00. The society now numbers about 66 members, with the 
Rev. Calvin Granger, pastor. 

The First Baptist Church, located at Poultney village, was organized in 
1782, by the society's first pastor. Rev. Clark Kendrick, with twelve mem- 
bers. The first building was erected in 1802, followed by the present edifice, 
which will seat 300 persons, in 1868. The church property is now valued at 
about $5,000.00, the society having in its treasury a fund of $r, 000.00 and a 
membership of 148. 

The Poultney Methodist Episcopal Church, located on Main street, was 
organized by Rev. Seymour Landon, who was also the first pastor, in 1822, 
A house of worship was erected the same year, which did service until 1841, 
when the present building was erected, costing about $12,000.00, and will 
comfortably seat 600 persons. The society now numbers 150 members, with 
Rev. W. H. Rowsom, M. A., pastor. 

The East Poultney Baptist Church was organized in 1805 by the society's 
first pastor. Rev. Clark Kendrick, and a building erected the same year 
which will seat 500 persons, and is now valued, including grounds, at 
$3,000.00. There are now about seventy members, under the pastorate of 
Rev. Thomas Tellier. 

St. John's Episcopal Clmrch was organized in 1809, with Rev. Mr. Pardee 
as pastor. In 1833 a church building, with seating room for 200 persons, was 
erected at East Poultney, and in 1868 an edifice that will seat 175 persons 
was built in Poultney village, both being under the pastoral care of the same 
rector. The society now numbers 115 members, its property is valued at 
$10,000.00, and for the last twelve years has been presided over by Rev. E. 
H. Randall. 

St. Raphael Catholic Church, located at Poultney village, was organized 
by the society's first pastor. Rev. T. Lynch, in 1864, and then numbered 
eighty members. During that year the present edifice was erected at a cost 



of $3,000.00, and will comfortably seat 200 persons. The society now num- 
bers 200, under the pastoral care of Rev. P. J. O'Carroll, its property being 
valued at $3,500.00. 

The Welsh Presbyterian Church, (Calvinistic Methodist,) located in 
school district No. 4, was organized in 187 1 by the Rev. Joseph Roberts, he 
being the society's first pastor. The church building, which will seat 100 
persons, was erected the following year, costing $1,500.00, but now is only 
valued at, including grounds, $1,200,00. The present membership of the 
society is forty, with Rev. Hugh Davids pastor. 

llpRUTLANr), the shire town of Rutland County, was granted by charter, 
*^^ Sept. 7, 1761, by Gov. Benning Wentworth, of the Province of New 
w Hampshire, with the usual reservations and under the restrictions com- 
mon to the charters issued by that Province, the said charter being procured 
by Col. Josiah Willard of Winchester, N. H. The first named grantee of the 
charter — which is still extant — is John Murray, who at that time was an in- 
fluential citizen of Rutland, Mass., and it is quite probable that he gave the 
name to the township, although he, nor any of the other grantees, ever resided 
within its limits. During this year (1761) Rutland was also granted, under 
the name of Fairfield, by Col. John Henry Lydius, of Albany, who claimed 
the territory under a deed issued by the Mohawk chiefs of New York ; but 
the final adjustment of the Land Title Controversy, as is well known, deter- 
mined the legahty of the charters issued by New Hampshire. This town 
Hes in lat. 43° 37' and long. 4" 4', east from Washington, and has an area of 
about 26,000 acres, bounded north by Pittsford, east by Mendon, south by 
Clarendon and Ira, and west by Ira; the length of the north line is 7.92 miles, 
that of the east line, 6.39, the south Hne 7.05, and the west, 6.39 miles. 

The eastern and southern portions are quite level, while the other parts 
are very mountainous, except in the valley of Otter Creek, which is quite 
broad, where are situated some fine level intervales of perhaps as good farming- 
land as there is to be found in the State. The mountains clothed in verdure 
and cut with hmpid, rippling streams, the broad valleys covered with swaying 
grain, dotted completely over " with cot and hall," renders an enchanting 
scene from almost any point of view, while the plethoric hills and mountains, 
from their generous breasts, yield a treasure that renders the town of Rut- 
land, in point of wealth, far in advance of the other towns of Rutland County. 
The soil, presenting all the varieties from heavy loam to light sand, is irrigated 
by numerous streams, the principal one being Otter Creek, which enters about 
the middle of the south line, and leaves about the middle of the north 
line, cutting the town into two nearly equal parts. Tributary to this 
are West Creek or Tinmouth River, rising in Tinmouth, and East 
Creek, one of whose branches rises in Chittenden, and the other in 
Mendon, the latter entering Otter Creek one mile above Center Rutland, and 



the former about forty rods below. Near the north-west corner of the town- 
ship, on the north Hne, Castleton River enters, and, after pursuing a south- 
erly course about three miles, turns to the right, and passes off into Ira. 
There are numerous other streams, but of minor importance. 

The timber is principally spruce, hemlock, beech, birch and maple, with 
some pine, poplar, oak, and other deciduous woods. 

The Central Vermont, The Del. & Hudson Canal Co's., and the Benning- 
ton and Rutland railways, are the principal works of internal improvement. 

The town had a population in i8So, of 12, 151 ; it was divided into nineteen 
school districts, and contained forty-two common schools, employing seven 
male and fifty-seven female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $13,151.69. 
There were 2,391 pupils attending common schools, while the entire cost of 
the schools for the year ending Oct. 31st, was $16,847.14, with Mr. J. J. R. 
Randall, superintendent. 

Rutland, the county seat, a post village and railroad center, is beautifully 
located in the south east part of the township, at the point where East 
Creek unites with Otter. It contains a population of about 7,000, and is 
the most flourishing village in the State. It was incorporated by an Act of 
the General Assembly, approved November 15, 1847, and is bounded in 
said Act as follows : — 

"Commencing at a point on the east bank of Otter Creek, where a con- 
tinuation of Robt. Moulthrop's north line would strike said bank of said 
creek, at the water's edge at low water mark ; thence easterly to the said 
Moulthrop's north-east corner ; thence easterly in the same direction to a 
point due south from the bridge crossing Moon's Brook, on Green street ; 
thence north to a point due east of H. H. Baxter's north-east corner ; thence 
west to said Baxter's north-east corner, thence westerly on said Baxter's 
north line, and in the same direction to East Creek ; thence south-westerly 
on the east bank of said East Creek to Otter Creek, and thence southerly on 
the east bank of said Otter Creek, to the place of beginning." 

The village is divided into seven wards, containing, as nearly as practicable, 
an equal number of inhabitants, the trustees being authorized to change the 
boundaries of the wards at the end of every fifth year, with reference to 
equality in population. It is lighted by gas and has a fine water supply. 
The water-works are owned by the village, and for general use were first con- 
structed about twenty-five years ago. Water was taken from Mendon, about 
two miles east of the reservoir, which is situated at Woodward ave., the old 
aqueduct having been laid by M. L. Richardson, who for many years acted 
as water-commissioner. 

The rapid growth of the village soon made the supply of water inadequate 
to the demand, and the great fire of April 3, 1868, taught the citizens that 
something must be done immediately to increase the water supply, as several 
insurance companies had withdrawn their policies on account of its scarcity ; 
accordingly, work was soon commenced on the old reservoir, which was en- 
tirely reconstructed and much enlarged, costing about $30,000. This, how- 
ever, soon failed to supply the demand, and ten years after, in 1878, a new 



twelve inch iron aqueduct was laid from the head to the reservoir, costing 
about $35,000.00; and during the following year, distributing pipes were laid 
through the village, and seventy-five hydrants have been placed in different 
parts of the place, at an expense of about $30,000. So Rutland now has a 
water supply fully adequate to all demands. Water is taken from East Creek, 
about three miles north-east from the reservoir, in the town of Mendon, on 
the farm of Walter E. Wood. For about fifty feet from the bank of the 
creek, a cobble-stone filter is constructed, from which the water flows into 
a canal or vat, about 100 feet long, 6 feet wide and 10 feet deep, where all 
sediment that may exist is precipitated and clear water passes into the 
aqueduct. The works have about 180 feet head, so that by attaching hose 
to the fire-hydrants a powerful stream is thrown. 

The village contains a town-hall, county clerk's office, U. S. court-house, 
one savings, one state and three national banks, a fine graded school, seven 
churches, three large hotels, and several smaller ones, about one hundred 
stores, and numerous manufacturing establishments. 


Howe Scale Cds Works. — The benefit Rutland derives from this manufac- 
tory cannot be told, and only those who have made a careful examination of 

(The Howe Scale Comtany's Works.) 

the works can have any approximate idea of the magnitude of the industry. 
It may be well to look back a httle into the history of the "Howe Scales," 
whose name has become as famihar as a household-word, not only in this 
country, but in Europe. The original inventors of these scales were F. M. 
Strong and Thomas Ross, both young men of thorough mechanical genius 
and full of energy. In 1855 these gentlemen conceived the plan of construct- 
ing their scales, which was followed up with unwearied study, and after vari- 
ous experiments the conception was matured, and a patent obtained on the 
15th of January, 1856. In the fall of that year they put up the first scale, in 


mills owned by Joel Hills, at Vernon village, N. Y. At about this time they 
also put upon exhibition at the American Institute, New York city, their hay 
scales and some smaller ones, which were objects of much attention. In the 
spring of 1857, Mr. John Howe, Jr., of Brandon, having seen this scale and 
been fully impressed with its merits, was led to purchase the patent of Messrs. 
Strong and Ross, and commence their manufacture at Brandon. The busi- 
ness has since been continually on the increase, various changes have taken 
place in the company, and finally, in August, 1877, it was decided to remove 
the works to Rutland village, on account of its being a more convenient point 
for shipment, etc. The present site was chosen as being the most convenient 
for both the company and their operatives. It is a triangular piece of land, 
containing ten acres, at the junction of the Central Vermont and the Ben- 
nington and Rutland Railroads, a few rods south-east of the depot. The 
buildings are arranged in the general form of a triangle, with the foundry for 
a base, and make as complete and conveniently arranged a manufactory as 
can be found in the State. They were built in 1877-78, with J. J. R. Ran- 
dall as architect, and were erected under the personal supervision of himself 
and Hon. John B. Page. This company gives constant employment to from 
three to five hundred persons. The officers of the company are as follows: — 
George A. Merrill, president; Hon. John B. Page, treasurer; W.W. Reynolds, 
superintendent ; W. F. Lewis, assistant superintendent, and W. H. Bryant, 

The Rigby Combination Car Wheel Company was organized on the 15th 
of November, 1880, and is composed of the following gentlemen: — James 
Rigby, W. H. H. Lawrence, H. L. Verder, E. A. Morse and J. M. Haven. 
This company was incorporated for the purpose of carrying on the manufac- 
ture and sale of the above mentioned car- wheel, an invention that bids fair 
to supercede all other patents in this Hne. Mr. Rigby is an inventor of more 
than ordinary abiUty, and well known among mechanics and manufacturers, 
both in the United States and Canada, as well as in Europe ; but this last in- 
vention eclipses all his other efforts. He has discovered and produced a 
wheel combining more mechanical principle, hence more safety and endur- 
ance, and greater economy than is found in any other wheel now in use. It 
may be termed a combination spoke and plate wheel, composed of cast iron, 
wrought iron and cast steel. The hub, spokes, plates and rim are cast iron, 
and used without chilling any part thereof, and are cast in one piece. The 
rim of this is turned to a perfect circle. The tire, two inches thick, is of 
cast steel, the inside of which is also turned to a perfect circle and shrunk 
upon its bed, making an absolute fit and bearing upon all parts of the cast 
iron. The outer plate has a shoulder or edge of one inch in thickness, which 
being turned to a circle, serves as a rest or bed for the inner edge of the flange. 
The flange is also of cast steel and turned to exactly fit the tire, forming a 
perfect joint on its rest and on its tire. There is a cast iron plate for the 
inner side of the wheel, which serves to hold the tire to its place and to keep 


the dust out of the wheel. These four parts are held together by i6 strong 
bolts of cold drawn iron. A great per cent, of the accidents that occur are 
undoubtedly caused by the breaking of tvheels. The chilling of parts in a cast 
iron wheel tends to weaken it as a whole, because the chilled part is rendered 
brittle, and in consequence, its natural strength is greatly impaired, and its 
capacity of withstanding strains upon it of sudden jars is very much lessened. 
The Rigby wheel obviates all these difficulties and dangers, composed as it 
is of both cast iron and steel, and the two so combined as to leave each in 
condition and position to perform its part to the fullest extent of its natural 
strength and capacity. This feature of durability and safety is also attended 
by the fact of its great economy ; for should one part from use or accident 
become unfit for use, that one part only has to be suppUed, whereas, in the old 
styles of wheels, the whole wheel would have to be replaced. This wheel 
also obviates a great per cent, of the noise attending a rapidly moving train, 
as the joints necessary to the fitting together of the several parts stop the 
vibration, and hence decrease the noise. The inventor asserts that the 
wheel will last from eight- to twelve years, and that disaster from the 
fracture of any part would be prevented by the support given by the others. 
It is also claimed that the steel rim being mechanically sound, secures easier 
riding. Mr. Rigby has given mechanics and railroad officials every oppor- 
tunity to test the practicability of his invention, and it has been pronounced by 
them with one accord " to be positively the best wheel ever invented." 

A company has been incorporated at Fort Worth, Texas, and are soon to 
commence its manufacture there. It is only a question of a very short time 
when this wheel will be in general use upon the railroads of this country, and 
Rutland is very fortunate in being chosen as the site for one of its manufac- 

Steam Stone- Cutter Co. — This company was organized and incorporated 
under the laws of New York, in 1865, for the purpose of manufacturing the 
IVardwell Stone Channeling and Quarrying Alachine, for quarrying marble, 
lime, sand, brown-stone, etc. At first the company had its office in New 
York city, and the manufacturing done in different parts of the country ; but 
soon perceiving the advantage of having their manufactory in the heart of a 
quarrying district, they established themselves in Rutland. The invention is 
covered by numerous patents in the United States, Canada, England and 
France, and many of the machines are in use in each of these countries. 
The works are under the immediate supervision of the inventor, Mr. George 
J. Wardwell, and give employment to a large number of men. 

Lincoln Iron Works. — This establishment was opened in the fall of 1868 
for the manufacture of stone-planing, hoisting, and other stone-working ma- 
chinery, engines, etc., to which has since been added the manufacture of the 
Crescent Coffee Mill, a joint invention of Thomas and Crawford D. Ross. 
Thomas, at the time of his death, was proprietor of the estabhshment. The 
manufactory is now carried on by his brother, Crawford D., under the admin- 


istrators of the estate. Thomas, as before stated, was one of the original 
inventors of the Howe Scales. His useful life was brought to a sad and un- 
fortunate end by the bursting of an emery wheel at his works, on the 5th of 
January, 1881. The shops and foundry are situated on West St., near the 
railroad-crossing, and furnish employment for from thirty-five to forty men. 

Mansfield &= Stiinson Iron Foundry^ located on the north-west side of 
Freight street, near its junction with Union, was first established by Bowman 
& Mansfield about 30 years ago (1851), and continued until December, 
1865, when upon Mr. Bowman's retiring, a new firm was founded by G. R. 
Mansfield and C. L. Stimson. The shops were formerly located on the site 
now occupied by the Rutland Foundry Go's works, but the buildings being 
destroyed by fire, their temporary shops were built upon the present site, and 
later the present structure was erected. This company is engaged in the 
manufacture of all kinds of quarrying and marble and slate manufacturing 
machinery, and in casting car-wheels and other railroad castings, and also 
deal in pipe and pipe-fittings, iron and steel, giving employment to a large 
number of men. 

Boiler Manufactory. — The Boiler Works of John W. and Joseph H. 
Holmes were estabhshed in 1872, their shops being then located on Strong's 
Ave., but they have recently purchased and fitted up their present place of 
business, corner of West and Forest streets, where they enjoy increased facili- 
ties for manufacturing and shipping their goods, as the tracks of the G. V., 
and the D. & H. G. Go's. R. R. pass immediately before their door. Their 
specialty is the manufacture of steam boilers of all sizes and descriptions; 
but they also build stationary engines of from two to ten horse power. At 
the present time this firm employs sixteen skilled workmen, and are increasing 
their business constantly. 

D. Shortsleeve' s machine shop, located on Strong's avenue, was established 
in August, 1878, and then occupied only a space of 20 by 40 feet; in Aug. 
1879 he was compelled to enlarge to 40 by 60 feet, and put in tools and 
machinery to correspond with the size of the building. In Nov. 1880, a two- 
story brick building, 30 by 50 feet, was added, also an engine of thirty-five 
horse power, and a boiler of forty horse capacity. He is now completing a 
foundry, 42 by 70 feet, with a cupola having the capacity for melting ten tons 
of iron. Mr. Shortsleeve, being a thorough and active workman himself, acts 
as superintendent and foreman of his works, doing all kinds of machine work, 
and making a specialty of the manufacture of quarrying and stone-working 

The Button Factory of Gay, Kimball 6^ Gay has been in oj^eration since 
1876, but was not located in Rutland until December, 1880, removing there 
from Gaysville. The buttons are manufactured from vegetable ivory, of 
which about 2,000 pounds per day are used, giving employment to about 
seventy-five hands, male and female. Their wares are shipped principally to 
New York and Boston, although orders from the Gentral and Western States 
are frequently filled. 


The brick-yard of John L. Mcl?ityre v^z-i, established in 1852, since which 
time he has furnished brick for many of the best business, public, and private 
buildings in Rutland and Bennington counties. He has an excellent clay-bed, 
as good perhaps as any in Vermont, and employs in his yard from twenty to 
thirty men. 

The Ruilaiid Foundry and Machine Shop Co. was organized in 1862, for 
the purpose of building castings for heavy machinery, and the manufacture 
of car-wheels. The latter are in general use upon the Central Vermont, 
Connecticut River, Bennington & Rutland and other railroads. They cast 
annually about 1500 tons of iron and employ twenty men. The foundry is 
under the supervision of Mr. J. B. Harris, and the machine works under the 
management of the Charles P. Harris Manufacturing Co. 

The Charles P. Harris Manufacturing Co. was commenced in 1874, under 
the firm name of Charles P. Harris & Co. Previous to 1879 the business 
was devoted chiefly to the manufacture of doors, sash, blinds, mouldings, etc. ; 
but at that time the present firm name was adopted, and the manufacture of 
chairs, church wood-work, etc., added, also the business of the Rutland Nail 
Works, which the company purchased in 1877. They now employ about 
thirty men in the shops, in addition to some 200 persons who at their homes 
are engaged in bottoming cain-seat chairs. About 1,000,000 feet of lumber 
are consumed in the business annually. In the machine department a specialty 
is made of the manufacture of stone and iron-working machinery and general 

D. M. White &> Co. — This company was organized in 1870 for the purpose 
of carrying on the manufacture and sale of lumber. The first office was 
located near the freight depot, and removed to its present location on West 
street in 1875. The company has extensive steam-mills located in Mendon, 
Shrewsbury and Sherburne, where they manufacture large quantities of 
lumber, staves, lath, etc. They also do an extensive business in flour, feed, 
and Akron sewer-pipe. 

H. L. Verder &• Cds steam bakery, located on Centre street, was estab- 
Hshed by Daniel Verder in 1853. The building occupied by the present 
firm was erected by them in 1868, and contains all the appliances of a 
model bakery. The business gives employment to eight men, who manu- 
facture thirty- five barrels of crackers per day, in addition to a large quantity 
of bread, cake, etc. 

The White &= Haven Marble Manufactory. — The business of manufactur- 
ing marble was commenced at this location in March, 1867, by George F. 
and S. C. White. S. C. White soon retired from the business, after which 
various parties were interested with George F., up to June, 1877, when Mr. 
Frank Haven became associated with him in the business. About 25 men 
are employed in the works at Rutland, and about 30 in the granite works 
at Fitzwilliam, N. H. They also employ a number of men at their quarries 
in Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Red Beach, Me. Their sales on 


manufactured goods shipped to the ^Vestern States amount to $100,000.00 
per annum. 

Thayer &= Co., shirt manufacturers, opened business at Rutland in August, 
1880. The business had previously been carried on at Glens Falls, N. Y., 
by S. T. Thayer alone. Since the removal here business has increased so 
that more room was needed. Consequently Mr. J. M. Haven, of this firm, 
has just erected a building, 40x100 feet, and five stories in height, three floors 
of which are to be used for the shirt business, while the two upper stories are 
an addition to the Bates House. The firm expect to make from 50 to 75 
dozen shirts per day. 

Levi Premo began the carriage and blacksmithing business on Wales street 
in the fall of 1876. He now employs eight men and manufactures about 
50 wagons, of different styles, and 25 sleighs per annum. 

Samuel Terrill, with his father Ziba, had begun the carriage business on 

the hill in 1858. The business was established at its present location in 

1859, and has since been conducted by Samuel. He employs 15 men and 

manufactures a large quantity of heavy and light wagons, carriages and sleighs, 

each year. 


The National Bank of Rutland \fz.% chartered in 1824 under the name of 
"The Bank of Rutland," with a capital of $50,000.00 and with Robt. Temple 
president, and William Page, cashier. It retained this name until 1866, when 
it was reorganized as a National Bank, assuming its present name, with a capi- 
tal of $300,000.00, and Hon. John B. Page, president, Francis Slason, vice- 
president, and S. W. Rowell, cashier. Since this time the capital of the in- 
stitution has increased to $500,000.00, with a surplus fund of $100,000.00. 
Mr. Slason, the present vice-president, has been connected with the institu- 
tion ever since it was first organized, and was one of the original directors. 

Rutland Savings Bank. — This institution was incorporated in 1850, begin- 
ning with a small deposit and gradually gaining the confidence of the com- 
munity until it now has deposited in its care over $1,000,000.00. The first 
president and treasurer was Mr. Luther Daniels, who retained the position 
until 1879, having served with ability and honor a period of 29 years. Mr. 
Daniels was succeeded by Wm. M. Field, who still retains the position. Mr. 
Newton Kellogg is treasurer. 

The Rutland County National Bank was chartered as a State Bank in 1861, 
with a capital of $100,000.00. In 1865 it was reorganized as a National 
Bank, with a capital of $200,000.00. This is about its present capital, with 
a surplus fund of $75,000.00. William Y. Ripley, president, and James Mer- 
rill, cashier, were the first officers of the institution. Mr. Ripley died Sep- 
tember 27, 1875, and was succeeded by his son, WiUiam Y. W. On June 
10, 1867, Henry F. Field was elected cashier, to fill the vacancy made by the 
resignation of James Merrill, who resigned to accept the position of treasurer 
of the National Trust Company of New York city, where he died in 1873, 
while holding that office. 



The Baxter National Bank was organized in August, 1870, with a capital 
of $300,000, H. H. Baxter being president ; J. N. Baxter, vice-president ; 
and G. R. Bottum, cashier. The institution has at present a capital of 
$300,000, with a surphis fund of $54,000. The building is a handsome 
three-story structure with a mansard roof, built of pressed brick and iron 
trimmings, presenting a grand and imposing appearance, and cost about 

The State Trust Co. of Rutland was organized June 3, 
capital of $100,000, and does a general banking business, 
Clement, president; John N. Woodfin, treasurer, and O. F. 
sistant treasurer. 


1 88 1, with a 
with Charles 
Harrison, as- 

Under an Act of the Legislature of Vermont in 1841, a union district 
was formed in the village of Rutland by the consent of the four districts, and 

(The Rutland High School.) 

on the 6th of April, 1855, at a public meeting of the districts, the union was 
consummated, and soon after a high school was established. This organiza- 
tion was in successful operation during a period of twelve years. But to give 
greater unity and efficiency to the school system, a vote was passed at a special 
meeting of the legal voters of the village, held February 20, 1867, whereby 
all the school districts in the village were consolidated into one district, to be 
called the Rutland Graded School District, which vote was legaHzed by the 
Legislature, March 28, 1867, and on the 9th day of April following, at an ad- 
journed meeting of the legal voters of the village, the organization of the 
Graded School District was completed by the election of officers. 


The High School building was erected in 1852, but was rebuilt and en- 
larged in 1879, so that the village now has a school building it may well be 
proud of. It is beatifully located on a hill near the head of Center street, 
commanding a fine view, at the same time receiving the benefit of the health- 
ful air of the higher land. It is a handsome commodious structure, built of 
pressed brick, with stone trimmings, and well ventilated. It also contains a 
library of about 3,000 rare volumes, which are kept in a room nicely and 
appropriately furnished for that purpose. The school has also valuable ap- 
paratus for astronomical and philosophical illustration, the whole being under 
charge of the principal, Oscar Atwood, M. A. Including the High School, 
there are five school buildings in the Graded School District, employing 
nineteen teachers. Taken all in all, the educational advantages enjoyed by 
Rutland will compare favorably with those of any other place of its size in 
the country. 


The New England Fire Insurance Company was organized March 30th, 
1881, under a charter granted by the Legislature, with a capital of $100,000, 
and is the only stock fire insurance company in the State. J. M. Haven 
was elected president; Bradley Fish, vice-president; B. W. Marshall, treas- 
urer, and C. Parmenter, secretary. 

Ripley Music Hall. 

The Ripley Opera House, destroyed by fire in 1874, is now in process of 
re-erection. The new building is to be known as " The Ripley Music Hall," 
after its projector, Gen. E. H. Ripley. It is to be three stories high, with a 
much more ornate exterior than the old one. The first story of the front will 
have a marble base, with iron columns and entablature. Above the first 
story the front is to be of brick, set in red cement, without pencilings, with trim- 
mings of blue marble. Running entirely across the building, at irregular in- 
tervals in the second story, will be six courses of a combination of dark blue 
and light blue marble, all flush with the brick except the fourth and six courses, 
which will project flush with a series of heavy pilasters. The center or pro- 
jecting section will terminate, near the top of the building, in a pediment with- 
an elaborate marble cornice. The interior is to be handsomely decorated, 
and capable of seating about 800 persons. Mr. J. J. R. Randall, the archi- 
iect of the interior, has given especial study to the acoustic effect, and it is 
not to be doubted, will meet with entire success. The Ripley Music Hall 
win be a monument in the growth of the village that Rutland people will look 

upon with pride. 

House of Correction. 

This is a State institution, built in pursuance of an Act passed by the 
General Assembly, at its fourth biennial session in 1876. Rutland was 
selected as its site, by the county's contributing $20,000 towards its erection, 


and thereby gaining its use as a county jail. The building, located just west 
of the village line, on the bank of East Creek, was erected in 1877-8, at a 
cost of about $60,000. At the session of 1878 the Legislature changed the 
purpose somewhat from its original intent as a workhouse to a " House of 
Correction," and the criminal laws of the State were so amended as to allow 
the Court at its discretion to sentence persons convicted of an offense pun- 
ishable by imprisonment in the State Prison, to the House of Correction. 
That the discipline of this institution is a great improvement over the State 
Prison mode, can scarcely be doubted. Especial care is exercised relative to 
cleanhness, clean, wholesome food furnished, and much pains taken towards 
moral instruction. The institution is divided into a north and south wing, or 
extension, with kitchen, guard-room and chapel between ; contains 75 cells, 
four of which are lined with boiler iron and furnished with solid iron doors. 
These are used for confining dangerous or refractory inmates, and is, indeed 
about the only mode of punishment inflicted, the present management, 
relying more upon kindness than harsh measures to preserve discipline. When 
a prisoner enters the institution he is first obliged to make thoroughly clean 
his person, and then is dresed in a clean suit of clothes, and from that time 
until his release, habits of cleanliness and good manners are constantly en- 
forced. All conversation with fellow prisoners is prohibited, and in health a 
full day's work required. One day in each week they are gathered together 
for religious instruction and advice, and at all times the superintendent and 
keepers are ready by kind words and kindly admonitions to strengthen their 
resolutions to lead a better hfewhen released. The female prisoners are kept 
well employed in making, mending and washing the prison bedding and 

During the summer of 1879 Mr. M. R. Brown entered upon the contract 
now in force for the labor of the prisoners. This contract, for finishing mar- 
ble, is to continue for a term of five years from September i, 1879, ^^'^ '^^ 
terminable by either party upon six months notice. By its terms the con- 
tractor is to pay twenty-five cents a day for the labor of each prisoner em- 
ployed, up to August ist, 1880, and 30c thereafter. There are at present 72 
prisoners confined here, of which seven are female. I. M. Tripp was first ap- 
pointed superintendent, but resigned his office before the close of the first 
month, and G. N. Eayres, the present superintendent, was appointed to fill the 
vacancy. To the good character, judgment, prudent and careful manage- 
ment of Mr. Eayres, much of the success of the institution is due. Although 
without experience in the management of prisoners at first, he has mastered 
the situation and is now well fitted for the position. 


T/ie Bafes House, located just opposite the depot, on Merchants row, is as 
fine in all its appointments as any in New England, comparing favorably 
with the first-class hotels of our large cities. It contains 150 light, well ven- 



tilated and luxuriously furnished rooms, several jmrlors, and a spacious 
dining-hall. The furniture throughout is of black walnut, marble-topped, of 
elegant design, mostly Eastlake pattern. Every room is heated by steam and 
connected with the office by Creighton's patent speaking tubes ; the floors 
are covered with body Brussels carpets, and indeed furnished with every 
improvement known or attainable for the comfort and convenience of guests. 
The cuisine is all that the most fastidious could wish, while the gentlemanly 
proprietor, Mr. J. M. Haven, and the manager, Mr. W. F. Paige, by their 
courtesy and kindness to guests, render the hotel not only a success, but 
immensely pojuilar with all. From the large and finely furnished observatory, 

(The Bates House.) 

tourists can obtain a fine view of Rutland and its environs, including Killing- 
ton, Pico and Shrewsbury mountains, and the Otter Creek as it winds its way 
through the valley, with the Green Mountains on one side and the Taconic 
on the other, forming a scene that is scarcely rivalled by that of any other 
country. With a ten mile drive over a road leading directly east from the 
hotel, one will arrive at the famous Mt. Killington, rising in majestic 
grandeur 4,380 feet above tide-water, the highest point in Vermont, except 
Mt. Mansfield ; from its summit a view may be obtained far surpassing 
in extent and majestic beauty that obtained from any other mountain in 
Vermont, and is even regarded more attractive than that from Mt. Washing- 
ton, being less a scene of desolation, and of greater pastoral beauty ; pre- 
senting to the beholder a sea of mountains clothed to their summits with 
verdure, their sides dotted with nestUng lakes and fertile farms. Although 
these mountains seem to crowd each other, so great is their profusion, there 


is yet room for many valleys of great beauty and fertility. This feature of 
cultivation does not tame the view, but enhances the charm of its vastness. 
A view that includes the greater part of New England, and even ex- 
tending far beyond its limits, cannot well be tamed by cultivation. This 
prospect takes in all the mountains of Vermont, the White Mountains, and 
all the principal ones of New Hampshire and Massachusetts, and the beautiful 
Adirondacks ; also Lake Champlain, so plainly visible that steamers can be 
seen upon its waters with the naked eye. The grand prospect, together with 
the abundant springs of water, cold and pure as crystal, situated within a few 
rods of the summit, and the purity of atmosphere which the great elevation 
affords, all combine to make this mountain a delightful dwelling-place during 
the summer months. It was first occupied by a party of the United States 
Coast Survey in the summer of 1879, when a carriage-road was built for their 
accommodation as far up as the spring. At this point, in August of the 
same year, a small house was built by V. C. Meyerhoffer, of Rutland, as a 
health resort and for the accommodation of tourists. During August and 
September of that year about one thousand people visited the mountain. 
The following year, 1880, a much larger house was erected in addition to the 
old one, and the number of guests largely increased. Killington bids fair to 
become one of the most attractive summer resorts of New England. A new 
road is to be built this summer up the Sherburne side of the mountain, and 
the present road is to be greatly improved. 

The Bardwell House, located on Merchants row, opposite the railroad 
depot, was built by Bardwell & Cook, and opened in the spring of 1852, 
J. VV. Cramton became proprietor August 16, 1865, and has since conducted 
the house as a first-class hotel in all respects. 

The Berwick House, built in 1868, and owned by C. F. Richardson, is a 
large, well regulated hotel, located on the corner of Center and Wales streets. 


Rutland has been visited during the last half century by three destructive 
fires, the black scar left by the last having never been removed, and still de- 
nominated as the "burnt district." The first great fire, occurring in the mid- 
dle of a July night in 1845, swept away all of that side of Main street lying 
between the old Butler House and "the three-storied store." In April of the 
following year another fire occurred on Main street, making a new " burnt 
district," extending from the old Grove House to the Strong House — in all a 
dozen front buildings and more than a score of back buildings. But the last 
and greatest occurred on the 3rd of April, 1868, involving a loss of over $50,- 
000.00. This fire was occasioned by the bursting of a lamp in the bar-room 
of the Franklin House, a large hotel owned by Gershom Cheney, located on 
the east side of Main street. When first discovered, at about 1:30 a. m., it 
was under considerable headway, and the whole main building was soon a 
mass of flames, which no human power could quell. It then ran along by a 


connecting link to a block owned by W. H. B. Owen, which was also in a 
few minutes burning rapidly. The county court house, on the north of the 
hotel, caught fire in the cupola almost at the same time as Mr. Owen's store. 
From the court house it next enveloped a wooden building on the north. 
At this point, there being an alley of some fifteen to twenty feet wide, the fire 
began to succumb to the water poured upon it, the Dr. Ross block, next 
south of Mr. Owen's, being the southern limit. The FrankHn House, at the 
time of the fire, was filled with guests and boarders, but fortunately all escaped 
safely, though most of them lost their wardrobes. Two eminent lawyers, at- 
tending the County Court, came down from the second story on a board, 
being men of more than average avoirdupois, and rivals in the poHtical arena; 
their safe landing was hailed with delight, as grave doubts had been enter- 
tained of the strength of their frail support. Other than these fires no great 
calamities have visited the village. 

Previous to the year 1846 there was no street leading west from Main 
except West street. The other streets of the village were Greene street and 
Woodstock avenue. From where Oscar Brown now resides — then at the out- 
skirts of the village — there were only two houses before reaching the creek, 
the Ruggles house and Chipman Thrall's. The village did not begin to build 
up much until about the time the railroad was constructed, 1847 to '50. At 
this time there were but three churches in the place, which now contains seven. 
On the 26th of December, 1856, it was decided by the authorities "to open 
two new streets, to be called Center street and Court street^ These streets 
havesince become two of the most important of the village. In 1S53 and '54 the 
depot was erected. In 1857 the U. S. court house and post oftice building 
was erected, at a cost of about $80,000.00. Thus from year to year has the 
village added to its beauty and importance, until at the present time, with its 
1 7 miles of streets, it bids fair to be, in less than another quarter of a century, 
one of the most prosperous and flourishing cities of the East. 

Old Houses. 

The oldest house in the village is the old gambrel-roofed building next 
west of the Advent Chapel, on West street, built previous to 1775, and used 
several years as a county court house. (See page 43.) The building located 
on the north-west corner of Main and West streets was built about the year 
1775, and for a long time used as a hotel. Where Cheney Bros, and Graves 
now are, Luther Daniels & Bell were located a number of years as general 
merchants. The building was erected, however, previous to 1795, by John 
A. Graham; just north of this was the old Franklin House. Where Mr. 
Field now resides was the old Fox place, where the Herald was first pub- 
lished, and a book store kept. The old jail was located where Mr. Lawrence 
now resides. Among the business men in Rutland in i794-'g5-'96 were 
Trobridge Maynard, in the saddlery business ; James Daviss and William 
Leadwell were clothiers ; Joseph Munn kept the tavern near the court house 



and Elijah Taylor opened the tavern "lately occupied by Major Buell;" Fred 
Hill was postmaster ; Nathaniel Chipman and Leonard Williams were together 
in the law business; Pomeroy & Hooker were druggists ; Pepoon Fuller & 
Co., Jonas & Anthony Butler; Isacher Reed, "a few rods east of the meet- 
ing house ; " and Ralph Page " one mile west of the court house," were 
general merchants; Uri Hill was a house and sign painter; David Stevens, 
late of Walpole, N. H. was in the boot and shoe business, a few rods north 
of the meeting house, East Parish; he was also a tanner and currier here; 
Eben Mussey sold boots, shoes and leather at wholesale and retail, about 
half a mile south of the court house ; John and Wm. Smith were blacksmiths ; 
Wm. Storer was a goldsmith and silversmith ; Sampson Ladd was a carpen- 
ter and builder ; Wm. Hale was a cabinet maker, " 100 rods west of the State 
House, at Rutland." 

The present churches of Rutland are convenient in size and general 
arrangement, and are usually under the pastoral care of able ministers ; of 
these additional mention will be made further on. The whole appearance of 
the village denotes the presence of a thriving, prosperous, happy people. 

West Rutland, a post village and station on the D. & H. C. Go's R. R. 
is located about four miles west of Rutland village, in the West Parish of 
Rutland. It contains one hotel, three churches, about a dozen stores and 
about 2,000 inhabitants. At a distance of eighty rods north from the rail- 
road depot in the village, is a range of hills rising 200 feet above the bottom 
lands. On the western slope of these hills, and near the base, crops out the 
world famous Rutland Marble. 

Marble, from the Greek wood juarmoros, to sparkle, to flash, to .gleam, is 
a term properly applied to the varieties of carbonate of lime, which have a 
granular and crystaline texture. In the ordinary parlance of the mason, it 
means almost any rock that may be polished ; such as steatite^ serpentine, 
hrecca, etc. The use of marble for ornamental and artistic purposes dates 
from the remotest antiquity. Italy, the famous marble producing country of 
the world, whose far-famed quarries of Garrara have supplied statuaries with 
this beautiful material from the time of Julius G^sar, was destined to find a 
dangerous rival nestled in the quiet hills at West Rutland. The valley at the 
foot of West Mountain, in 1838, was a dreary swamp, land that one would 
scarcely believe worth a song. In 1838 William F. Barnes began a lime 
kiln near the " old red store," calcining the marble into quick-lime. Soon 
the idea occurred to him that this limestone might be used in the manufac- 
ture of tomb-stones. Accordingly he struck a bargain for this barren, 
swampy land, including a portion of the hill, giving in exchange an old 
horse, worth not to exceed $75. This same barren land contained nearly all 
of the famous quarries of West Rutland, now valued at millions, and which 
before his death he sold for $130,000. 

Starting from the R. R. depot and going north, a short walk places the 
visitor at the three large quarries of Sheldons &■= Slason. These quarries 


were opened about the year 1843, and the past 38 years, marble has been 
taken from them to the depth of 250 feet. In the beguining the business 
was limited, and not very profitable, as, in the absence of railroads, the 
entire product had to be hauled by teams from the quarries to Whitehall, N. 
Y., the nearest shipping point, a distance of twenty-five miles. But the 
completion of the railroad in 1851 gave an impetus to the business. In the 
spring of 1850 Messrs. Sheldons & Slason erected an "an eight gang" mill, 
running nine months in the year, in the day time only, and then more nearly 
met the demand than they now do with a forty-eight gang mill, running 
night and day all the months of the year. The machinery is driven by a 
300 horse-power engine, which also hoists the stone from the quarries. 
In quarrying, sawing and shipping marble 350 men are employed. In ad- 
diton to the vast amount of marble which they work up on their own 
account, they annually ship many thousand tons to be worked up by other 

The Gilson iSn Woodjin quarries, just north of Sheldons & Slason's, were 
opened in 1845, William F. Barnes working the quarries by contract for 
Allen & Adams until 1849, when they took a lease of the property. There 
was but one opening (which has attained a greater depth than the opening 
of any other quarry) until 1879, when the present firm made another opening 
higher, on a deposit running parallel with the old one ; this as yet has not 
been worked to any great extent. The business has undergone numerous 
changes, until June, 1868, it was taken by the- present firm, who employ 
about 100 men. 

The Sherman (5^ Gleason quarries, north of the Gilson & Woodfin 
opening, were opened in 1 846 by the present proprietors, who employ 60 

The West Rutland Marble Company. — In i867-'68 a firm under the name 
of " The Green Mountain Marble Co." opened a quarry on the old Blanchard 
estate, which they worked three or four years, and took therefrom about 
$75,000.00 worth of marble ; but did not make it a success, on account of 
lack of funds to carry on the business. Since it was abandoned by them it 
has lain idle until May i, 1881, when it was bought by J. E. Manley, Esq., of 
West Rutland, J. S. Brown, of Concord, N. H., A. J. Griftin and Thomas H. 
Elliott, of Lowell, Mass., forming themselves into a company under the name 
of "The West Rutland Marble Co." The whole is under the management 
of Mr. J. E. Manley, and there is Httle doubt but that under him the enter- 
prise will prove a success, as he is a gentl^nan possessed of rare business 
quahties and has had considerable experience in the marble trade. 

The old Rutland Marble Company, whose quarries and mills are situated 
north of the Sherman & Gleason quarry, was organized October 39, 1863, 
and worked 24 gangs of saws; but on September 30, 1880, it united with the 
Sutherland Falls Co. to form the Vermont Marble Co., who now have their 
headquarters at Centre Rutland. 


Centre Rutland, a small post-village, located midway between Rutland 
village and West Rutland, on the Central Vermont and D. & H. C. Co.'s R. 
R., and by a beautiful fall on Otter Creek, contains one store, one 
church, one grist-mill, about forty dweUings and the mills of the Vermont 
Marble Co. 

Evergreen Cemetery, located on Pine Hill, near Centre Rutland, is 
beautifully situated, covering an area of 45 acres, and a considerable portion 
of it improved and embellished. The whole is covered with a natural grove 
of pine and oak, and contains seven fountains, a number of beautiful monu- 
ments, and the grounds are kept in good condition. The association was 
organized in i860, with the following hst of officers: Frederick Chaffee, Wil- 
liam A. Burnett, Rockwood Barrett, John B. Proctor and J. G. Griggs. The 
officers at the present time are, J. J. R. Randall, president ; Dr. Chas. Wood- 
house, treasurer; B. W. Marshall, secretary, and J. G. Griggs, superintendent. 

The Vermont Marble Co. was chartered under the laws of New York, on 
the 30th day of September, 1880, with ex-Governor Redfield Proctor, prest. ; 
A. Smedbury, of New York city, Sec'y and Treas. ; Ner P. Simons, Supt. 
This company employs in all 700 men. At their mills in Sutherland Falls, 
they operate sixty-four gangs of saws, twenty-four gangs at West Rutland, 
twenty-eight at Centre Rutland, and eight gangs at their branch mills in 
Salem, N. Y., making in all 124 gangs. At their quarries in West Rutland, 
Sutherland Falls and Double Road Crossing, they have in all seven openings, 
making the largest marble business operated by any one firm in the world. 

Sutherland Falls, a small post village, located in the extreme northern 
part of the township and lying partly in Pittsford, contains one store and 
about a hundred dwellings, nearly the whole population being in the em- 
ploy of the Vermont Marble Company's mills and quarries at this 
place. The village of Sutherland Falls is beautifully located on Otter 
Creek, and is also a station on the Central Vermont Railroad, taking its 
name from the falls on Otter Creek at this point. These falls form one of 
the best mill privileges in the State, with surroundings that are eminently 
picturesque and beautiful. From a rear door of the new marble mill, located 
but a few rods from the head of the falls, one may obtain a view that is well 
worthy a visit by one who justly appreciates beautiful scenery. A wide- 
spread and beautiful valley opens to the north and east, thickly studded 
with comfortable and oftentimes elegant farm-houses, with well-fenced and 
highly cultivated fields, beyond which, to the north, may be seen the cluster 
of buildings that form Pittsford village. To the east may be seen the wild 
towering peaks of Pico, KiUington and Shrewsbury ; while to the right the 
old Otter falls roaring over an eminence 118 feet in height, then follows its 
serpentine way northward, till at last it is lost in a thread of silver, far away 
in the verdant valley. 

The quarries are located about half a mile from the mills, which are operated 
by water-power, having a head of 118 feet. The drills and channeling- 



machines are operated by compressed air, the engines for its compression 
being located at the mills, from whence it is conducted to the quarries by 
means of large iron pipes. Three compressers are used, the same that were 
employed in the excavations of Hoosac Tunnel. The quarries being located 
a number of feet higher than the mills, the blocks of marble have only to be 
loaded upon cars built for the purpose, when by gravitation they are con- 
ducted down the gently inclined plane, directly into the mills. Thus the 
marble is quarried, sawed and polished, with absolutely no expense for mo- 
tive power, except the natural wear and tear on machinery. Marble was first 
quarried here in 1836, by Humphrey, Ormsbee & Co., who failed in 1837. 
In 1853 a new company was formed, called the North River Mining and 
Quarrying Co., which continued in operation three years, when the property 
fell into the hands of the Sutherland Falls Marble Co., under which name it 
was operated until 1880, when it was united with the old Rutland Marble 
Company, the two forming the Vermont Marble Company. When Gov. 
Proctor first became interested in these quarries, in 1869, then operated 
by the Sutherland Falls Marble Company, they used but sixteen gangs 
of saws, and since that time their works have increased to sixty-four 
gangs, and now employ 375 men. Mr. Proctor's residence is at Sutherland 
Falls, a pleasant cottage, located just at the head of the falls, surrounded by 
shade trees and evergreens. He has lately donated to the village a fine Hbrary, 
containing 3,000 rare volumes. 

Flint Bros, marble quarries^ located on road 43; at Double Road Crossing, 
were first established in 1866. as the Eureka Marble Co., and afterwards 
changed to Flint, Johnson & Co., and in 1878 to Flint Bros. The firm is 
now Flint Bros. & Co. The quality of the marble is of a clouded variety, 
which is well adapted for monumental purposes. The mills and quarries are 
operated by steam power; the former contains twelve gangs of saws, four 
turning and four finishing lathes. The firm employs fifty men and produces 
$50,000 worth of marble annually. In removing the marble from the quar- 
ries the workmen have come upon several remarkable specimens of /^?/-/;t'/^j-/ 
one of them nearly twenty feet deep and several feet in diameter. The sides 
are quite smooth, and they still contain the rocks, which by the constant action 
of water had been whirled round until they had worn these immense holes in 
the solid marble, hundreds and perhaps thousands of years ago. 

H. N. Reynolds' quarry, located on road 3, produces a variegated quality, 
resembling Italian Bardiglio. The vein has been tested and found to be 
ninety feet wide and several hundred feet long. The quarry is not in opera- 
tion at present. 

The Colicfubian Marble Cds quarry was opened in 1836 by Humphrey, 
Ormsbee (Jt Co., who worked it about two years, when work was suspended 
and the property passed into the hands of Francis Slason, as receiver. The 
company then worked it for him about four years, and then it was abandoned 
until 1867, when it was again started by a firm under the name of the North 


Rutland Marble Co., and again changed in 1870 to the present firm name. 
They employ at the quarries twenty men and operate three machines. Their 
mill at Rutland employs 150 men. 

Ripley Sons' marble works^ located on road 41, were established in 1844, 
employing on the start about twenty men. They now saw 300,000 feet of 
marble per year, and employ fifty-five men. 

On April, 1881, the Vermont Marble Co., Sheldons & Slason, Gilson & 
Woodfin, Ripley Sons and Sherman & Gleason Companies formed a co- 
partnership, with a central office at Rutland village, by which they agreed to 
open yards in Chicago, Philadelphia, New York and Boston, from which all 
their marble in these places was to be sold, and each company to have a share 
of the sales according to the assessed value of their stock, the annoying and 
vexations delays in the filling of orders for marble being obviated by this 
method of doing business, as under the new plan orders will go to those who 
can most readily take care of them, and be filled in much less time than they 
could be were the selection confined to any one company's yard, and at 
the same time prices can be regulated more to the advantage of both con- 
sumer and producer. The association is known as the " Producers Marble 

The Toicin Farm is located on road 51, and contains 280 acres, under the 
management of William F. Kelley. There are at present thirty-five of the 
town poor supported here. 

Early Settlement. 

During the old Colonial wars Rutland had no whifce man dwelling within 
its limits ; but yet was always, " in ye olden times," the focus of Indian travel. 
From Fort Dummer, in Massachusetts, a brisk trade was kept up with Can- 
ada, the line of travel being across what is now the State of Vermont, and 
as Otter Creek, north and south, Castleton River to the west and Cold River 
to the east, formed the most convenient route for the trading canoes, the 
present township of Rutland may have been the scene of many a conflict 
between the treacherous red man and the hardy trader. The first record we 
have of any white man's visiting the territory is that of James Coss, who 
passed along Otter Creek with twelve Caughnawaga Indians in May, 1730. 
In 1759 the old military road from Charleston, N. H., to Ticonderoga and 
Crown Point was put through, passing along Black River and Otter Creek, 
crossing Otter Creek at Centre Rutland. Twenty years after this, Fort Ran- 
ger, located on this road at Center Rutland, was the headquarters of the 
State forces. The first white man that ever settled in Rutland township was 
Captain James Mead, who came to Centre Rutland in the year 1769. Mead 
was born in Massachusetts in 1730, and, while yet a young man, removed 
to Nine Partners, N. Y., where he resided until 1764, and then emigrated 
with others to Manchester, Vermont. On the 30th day of September, 
1769, he bought of Nathan Stone, of Windsor, 7,000 acres of land, about 


one-ciuarter of the whole township of Rutland, paying $333.33 for the same, 
in horses. On the same day he sold 3,500 acres of his land to Charles 
Button, of Clarendon. He built a log house about half a mile west 
of Centre Rutland, near the bank of West Creek, (Tinmouth River,) 
the first house built in the township. During the winter he returned for his 
family, consisting of a wife and ten children, returning with them in March 
of the following spring. They were three days coming from Manchester, 
and when they arrived :.t their log house they found it was built too near the 
creek, and the snow and ice had made it unavailable ; so for a time they 
took refuge in a wigwam belonging to the Indians, quite an encampment of 
whom he found at the falls. Of these Caughnawaga Indians numerous 
traditions are still extant, and they seem to have been very friendly, peace- 
able neighbors. It is said they furnished lead for bullets to the white men, 
in exchange for tobacco, &c., but would never reveal the place where they 
got it. Mead has said they would start from the falls and not be gone over 
an hour, and return with large pieces. For this reason it was long believed 
there were lead mines in the vicinity, but none have ever been found. In 
this wigwam the Mead family resided until the next fall, during which time 
they had completed a comfortable log house, in which they wintered. 

During the spring of 1770, Simeon Powers, from Springfield, Vt., with his 
wife Lydia and one child, settled west of Otter Creek, on the present Kelley 
farm. Soon after, Asa Johnson and his wife, from WiUiamstown, Mass., 
settled near them. They were joined in the fall' by William Dwinell and 
wife, relatives of the Powers', from Springfield, who took up their residence 
with them. These four famiUes comprised the whole white population of 
Rutland in the fall of 1770. 

During this year Thomas Rowley was in Rutland surveying lots, and 
on the 33d of September, the first white child was born ; a son of Simeon 
Powers, named William. On the following day, William, son of James 
Mead, was born. Nine days after, the 3d of October, Chloe, daughter of 
Asa Johnson, was born, making three children born in the town during the 
^rst year of its settlement. The first death recorded is that of an infant of 
Aaron and Ruth Miller, May 26th, 1770.* 

In 177 1, on the 3rd of April, Gov. Dunmore, of New York, issued the pat- 
ent of Socialborough, in direct violation of the King's Order in Council of July, 
1767, forbidding such grant. This prohibitory order, and the consequent 
want of authority in the Governor to make the grant, was well known to the 
parties for whose benefit it was made, and it was therefore illegal and void. 
The patent covered forty-eight thousand acres of land, bounded on the south 
by Clarendon, and was thirteen miles in length from north to south, by over 
six in wid^th, and nearly identical with the present townships of Rutland and 
Pittsford. The nominal grantees in the patent were forty-eight persons, each 
entitled to one thousand acres, but most of them, a few days after the patent 

*This death is noted in the town records. We have no information of the family being permanent settlers. 


was issued, conveyed their shares to a few New York city speculators, for 
whose benefit the grant had really been made, and who instigated and sus- 
tained all subsequent efforts to eject the New Hampshire claimants. Soon a 
Scotchman by the name of Cockburn was sent by the "land pirates" to 
survey their stolen land, and it was he who surveyed the present Main street of 
Rutland village. But the people of Socialborough did not purpose to tamely 
submit to this outrage, so the surveyor did not find his lot a happy one, as an 
extract from a letter written by him, addressed to Mr. Duane, the most prom- 
inent of the New York speculators, will testify. (See page 56.) He was the 
second time stopped by Mead and Johnson, and by other parties threatened 
with death, and their threats appear to have prevented him from making 
further attempts under the patent of Socialborough. The next summer, 
however, he was found, with a number of his assistants, at Bolton, on the 
Onion River, and was arrested by Remember Baker, Seth Warner and others, 
who, after breaking his compass and chain, took him and his party to Castle- 
ton, for trial before a court of the settlers ; but on learning that negotiations 
for arranging their ditficulties were pending, allowed him to proceed on his 
way without further molestation. 

In 1774 Rutland had a population of thirty-five families, among whom were 
Joseph Bowker and John Smith. Capt. John Smith emigrated from Sahs- 
bury. Conn., to Rutland, in April of 1774, setthng on the farm now owned by 
F. B. and J. Q. Smith. When the New York claimants under the patent of 
Socialborough came to take possession of his farm, he resisted them, for 
which offence he was sentenced to death, without trial, by the New York 
Riot Act of 1774. But Hke Paddy's fish, "he had to be caught before he 
could be cooked." Mr. Smith was the first town-clerk and the first Repre- 
sentative of Rutland in the General Assembly. His farm consisted of 1400 
acres, there being but one house between him and Centre Rutland at the 
time he settled on it. He had five sons and one daughter, named respect- 
ively John, Daniel, Joel, Silas, Elijah and Sarah, all of whom settled on the 
tract of land owned by their father. Capt. Smith with two of his sons, John 
and Daniel, were engaged in the Battle of Bennington, he being Capt. of the 
guard placed over the prisoners lodged in the church after the engagement. 
At one time Daniel and thirteen others were sent north on a scouting expe- 
dition. In Shelburne they camped one night in a deserted log house. 
Before morning they were surprised and surrounded by a party of Indians 
and Tories numbering fifty-seven in all. An increased firing was kept up 
till morning, when all that were left of the besieging party were surrounded, 
taken prisoners and brought to Bennington with the loss of only one man. 
While on their way to Bennington it was proposed that they all discharge 
their guns for the purpose of cleaning them. When Daniel's was discharged, 
one of the Tories exclaimed : — " That is the weapon that spoke so often last 
night, and with such deadly effect ! " The old musket is still in possession of 
his grandson, Daniel. Elijah W., son of Elijah, and his sister, Mrs. Sheldon, 


are still living, P21ijah on the old homestead, and Mrs. Sheldon near the 
Congregational church, at West Rutland. J. Q., son of E. W., has many 
curious papers that were the property of his great great-grandfather, some of 
them bearing date as far back as 1733. Capt. John Smith died in 1807, 
honored and respected by all. 

Capt. Joseph Bowker was one of the trusted men of the town and State 
in their early days, was president of the several conventions for the formation 
of the State, held in 1776, of those that declared the State independent and 
framed the State Constitution in 1777. He was afterwards a member of the 
Governor's Council, and held other honorable and responsible positions. He 
died at Rutland in 1784. 

Ichabod Walker, from Massachusetts, emigrated to Rutland in.1771, 
settUng upon a farm about where the old court house used to stand, on 
Main street, in Rutland village. He was driven from his home at the com- 
mencement of the Revolution, and when he returned to the county, resided 
in Clarendon. 

Gideon Walker, from Coventry, Mass., settled in Clarendon in 1768. 
About four years later he removed to Rutland, settling near Otter Creek, on 
the present Baxter farm. At the time of the retreat from Ticonderoga, his 
wife and four children fled to New Providence, now Cheshire, Mass., remain- 
ing there with Lewis Walker, a cousin of her husband, who afterwards re- 
moved to Clarendon. 

Daniel Walker, brother to Gideon, came to the county about the time 
Gideon did, settling in Clarendon. Daniel married an Enghsh lady, Mary 
Young, through whose influence he espoused the cause of the British, for 
which his property was confiscated, and he removed to Canada. Gideon 
died at an advanced age, leaving numerous descendants, many of whom now 
reside at Whiting, Addison County. 

Benjamin Capron settled in the township at an early date, was the father 
often children, and died in 1815, aged 63. Benj. Jr., was born in Rutland 
in 1786, and died August 4, 1859. The Caprons'have numerous descend- 
ants residing in the county. 

Phineas Kingsley, from Beckett, Mass., moved to Rutland in 1773, settling 
upon the place where the Osgood family now reside, on road 18, cor. 17. 
During the war of the Revolution, his relatives in Sudbury feeling unsafe 
there, brought their famihes to Rutland, and persuaded Mr. Kingsley to take 
the women and children to Massachusetts. While in Massachusetts he lost 
his wife and child, after which he returned to Rutland, where he died at an 
advanced age, honored and respected. Gershom C. Ruggles, now residing 
in Rutland village, at the age of 71, is a grandson of Mr. Kingsley. 

Jonathan Reynolds, from Nine Partners, removed to Rutland at an early 
date, purchasing 275 acres of land from James Mead, for ^300 (Colonial 
pounds.) The same farm, or a portion of it, is now in the possession of J. 
Grafton Griggs. During the Revolution Mr. Reynolds served as a lieutenant. 


He was a great trapper and hunter. While hunting one day in company 
with a neighbor, they shot an otter. In dividing the game, the neighbor 
remarked: — " I will give you that fifteen acres lying above your house for 
your share of that otter." Mr. R. accepted the offer. That fifteen acres is 
now valued at $2,000. Mr. Reynolds died in 1840, lacking sixteen days of 
being 100 years of age. 

John Johnson, from Connecticut, came to Rutland in April, 1773, locating 
on what is now known as the Zina Johnson place, where he resided until his 
death, at an advanced age. In 1866 Cyrus L. Johnson took down an old 
barn on the place, built in 1790, using the beams in the construction of a 
new one. They were white oak, thirty feet long, and split so that one cut 
made two beams 10x14 inches. 

Deacon VVaite Chatterton, from Connecticut, immigrated to Rutland in 
1 77 1, settUng upon the farm now owned by William H. Johnson. By his 
wife, Susannah Dickerman, he had seven children — Exi L., Sally, Susan, Mary, 
Samuel and Benning — all of whom resided in the township. The fifth gen- 
eration now resides on the old homestead, it never having been owned out of 
the family. Waite died in May, 1837. Waite, son of Exi, was born on the 
old place in 1806, living here until his death. He was a deacon of the Con- 
gregational Church at West Rutland and a very influential citizen. 

Amos Hines came to Rutland, from Rhode Island, among the earliest set- 
tlers, locating upon the present Russell place, on road 26, where he died at an 
advanced age. Laura Hines, now Hving in Rutland, at the age of 81, is a 
granddaughter of Amos. 

Benjamin Farmer, Jr., came to Rutland previous to the Revolution, and 
bought a tract of land on road 31, near the Mendon line. He afterwards 
built in Mendon upon the same farm, and was later the first Representative 
from that town. Benjamin, Sen., settled near his son, being at the time 80 
years of age. He died there at the age of 90. Benjamin, Jun., died at the 
age of 98, and was buried in the family burying-ground, near where EH 
Farmer now resides, on road 26. Eli, a grandson of Benjamin, is now a hale, 
hearty old gentleman of 8;^. 

Daniel Greeno came to Rutland from Boston, Mass., previous to the war 
of the Revolution, locating in the north-eastern part of the township, where 
he resided 14 years on the farm now owned by Eugene Thomas. But the 
title proving poor, he located where Amasa Greeno now resides, on road 26. 
Up to the time of the Revolution matters were in a very unsettled condition, 
he being several times driven from his farm, when he would take refuge in 
Bennington. Both Mr. and Mrs. Greeno were in Bennington at the time of 
the battle, he shouldering his gun and fighting bravely in the cause of the 
Colonies. Mrs. Greeno remained in Bennington several weeks after the bat- 
tle, caring for the wounded. Mr. Greeno kept a tavern many years where 
Amasa now resides, the house he now occupies having been built in 1795, 
although it has undergone many repairs. He was the father of ten children, 


eight boys and two girls, all of whom attained the age of maturity, were all 
married and had families. Of his grandchildren four still reside in the town- 
ship. Amasa A. ; Benjamin R., on road 26; Betsey L. Greeno, and Medora 
V. H. Pond, at Rutland village. 

Joseph Kimball, one of Rutland's early settlers, located on road 24, where 
Ira Hawley now resides. His daughter, Betsey, married Abijah Hawley^ 
also an early settler. Abijah was father to Andrew, who died in 1879, i^^ his 
67th year. The farm has never been owned out of the family since it was 
first located upon by them. 

Timothy Boardman came from Middletown, Conn., to Rutland, in 1783, 
locating on Boardman Hill, where Samuel Boardman now resides. In 1790 
he built the house now occupied by Patrick Kinney. It is still in a good 
state of preservation, the clapboards and window-sash being the same that were 
first used in its construction. In 1783 Mr. Boardman returned to Conn., and 
was married to Mary Ward, returning to Vermont with her immediately after 
the ceremony. During the Revolutionary war Mr. B. served in the navy, was 
captured in the West Indies, and held a prisoner for six months on the 
island of Eau Statia. He died at an advanced age, honored by all. His 
son, Elijah, was born in 1792, residing on the old homestead until his death, 
in 1783. Elijah was deacon of the Congregational Church at West Rutland 
for a period of over fifty years, and was perhaps more famihar with the his- 
tory of its growth and progress than any other person in the town. 

Joseph Humphrey was born in Winchester, N. "H., in 1768. In 1783 im- 
migrated to Rutland, and commenced work for Isaac Chatterton and others. 
The first work he did in the town was on the old county jail at Rutland 
village, now the residence of George E. Lawrence. About the year 1790 he 
purchased sixty acres of land of John Sutherland, where R. S. Humphrey 
now resides, for which he paid "^60 lawful money." Soon after, he mar- 
ried Hannah Parmalee, of Pittsford, and moved into an old log house on his 
farm, which had long been abandoned, a sumac, four inches in diameter, hav- 
ing grown in the old fire-place, extending up the chimney. In 1793 he built 
a barn, which is now standing in good repair. The following year he com- 
menced building a frame house, in which they resided until 1826, when the 
present brick house was built by his son, William, into which he soon after 
moved with him, and where he resided until his death, in 1851, at the age of 
83. On this farm the Columbian Marble Go's quarry was opened by Mr. 
Humphrey in 1836, being one of the first quarries opened in the township. 

Jabez Ward, from New Marlboro, Mass., came to Rutland in 1784, locating 
upon the farm now owned by William Gilmore, on road i. Mr. Ward was 
engaged in the Battle of Hubbardton ; was a good citizen and an upright 
man. He died on the old homestead at an advanced age. 

Edward Dyer came to Rutland from Greenwich, R. I., about the year 
1789. He married for his first wife, Sally Bowman, daughter of Lieut. Bow- 
man, of Clarendon, by whom he had nine children, seven of whom arrived at 


maturity. For his second wife he married Hannah Hoxie, daughter of 
Gideon Hoxie, a noted Quaker of Chittenden County. Horace H. Dyer, 
son of Edward, now first selectman of Rutland, resides on road 38, at the 
age of 60. 

John McConnell came to Rutland soon after the Revolutionary war, and 
located upon the farm now owned by John C. Doty, on road 34. James, 
his son, remained upon the old homestead until his death, which occurred 
December i, 1877, at the advanced age of 84. Mrs. John Doty is the only 
descendant of James now residing in the township. 

Capt. Josiah Hart served in the war of the Revolution. Starting from 
Bellows Falls with a portion of the army, on their way to Ticonderoga, 
while passing through Rutland, they camped one night on the farm now 
owned by H. H. Dyer. Soon after the war, Mr. Hart came to Rutland on 
horseback and visited the old spring where they had camped, and resolved 
to locate near it, which he accordingly did a short time after. He was a 
practical builder, and assisted in building the first church at Rutland village, 
the pine for the clapboards being from a swamp located on his farm. He 
died at an advanced age, honored for his many virtues. 

James Porter, son of a surgeon in the British army during the Revolution, 
came to Rutland village when ten years of age, to reside with his uncle, 
Ezekiel Porter, where he remained until eighteen years of age, when he began 
the study of medicine ; graduating at the age of twenty-three, he commenced 
its practice in Rutland, where he continued for over fifty years. His oldest 
son, Henry W. Porter, at the age of seventy-six, still resides in Rutland, at 
No. 83 Main street. The house where he resides was built in 1794; he has 
occupied it twenty-eight years. Another representative of this family is Dr. 
Cyrus Porter, of No. 8 West street. Dr. Porter is now 73 years of age. 

Capt. Simeon Edgerton came to Pawlet from Norwich, Conn., among the 
first settlers of that township. He died Aug. 27, 1809, at the age of 70, 
leaving a widow and twelve children, seventy-nine grand-children and fifteen 
great-grand-children. His widow, Abiah, died Oct. 17, 1821, leaving four 
sons, seven daughters, 102 grand-children and ninety-six great-grand-children. 
Jacob Edgerton, the second son, with two others, remained in Pawlet. 
Jacob had a family of twelve children, nine of whom arrived at maturity. He 
died in 1845, ^^ the age of 85. Only three of this family now remain. Mr. 
Jacob Edgerton, Jr., resides in Rutland, at the age of 81, a hale old man. 
He has been a prominent citizen of the town, both in business and politics, 
for the last forty-four years, twenty-two of which were spent in the office of 
county sheriff". 

The farm now owned by German H. Chatterton was settled upon in 1786 
by Isaac Chatterton, from Connecticut. The old house built by him nearly 
one hundred years ago is. still standing, though it is not at present inhabited. 
Leverett was born here in 1789, residing on the place until his death, in 1877, 
aged 88 years. 


Daniel Kelley settled in the town of Danby at an early date in the history 
of that township, locating in the western part of the town, upon the farm 

now owned by Green. Upon this place Daniel Jr. was born, in 1786. 

About the year 1828 the family removed to Rutland, locating upon the farm, 
on road 40, now owned by Smith F. Kelley. Mr. Kelley was a man that 
possessed the esteem of his fellow-townsmen, and at his death was much 
lamented. He held various offices of trust, both in Danby and Rutland. 
He died suddenly, in 1859, while at work in the field, aged 73. Mr. Kelley 
had a family of ten children, all of whom arrived at maturity. Smith F. still 
occupies the old homestead. 

In 1794 Daniel Graves removed to Rutland County from Whately, Mass., 
locating in Tra, where he established a tannery, also keeping an hotel, shoe 
shop and hat manufactory. After Daniel's death, his son George continued 
the business at Ira until the year 1832, when he removed to Rutland, build- 
ing the tannery on Main street at " Tan Yard Village," which was subse- 
quently destroyed by fire. He also owned a tannery at Chase's Mills, N. Y., 
in company with his sons, Geo. E. and Chas. E. After his death, in 1879, 
•the sons took full control of the business, which they have continued up to 
the present time, having one office located at Rutland and another at New 
Haven, Conn. Mr. Graves was an active business man and a zealous abo- 
litionist in the early days. He celebrated his golden wedding in 1876, and 
died April 4, 1879. 

Gershom, Samuel, and Abel Cheney, three brothers, came to Rutland from 
Londonderry, Conn., in 1793, locating four miles north of Rutland village, 
on what is now known as Cheney Hill. Abel had six children ; the son of 
one, Benjamin, now resides in Rutland village. Abel resided in Rutland 
but a few years, and died in Canada in i860. Gershom was born May 10, 
1770. He was a carpenter and joiner, and was the architect and managed 
the building of the second church erected in Rutland village, and built many of 
the old houses of the village, including that now occupied by Mr. Euther 
Daniels, on Main street, and the old Kilburn house, next south of Gov. 
Page's, built in 1794. He also held the principal town offices at different 
periods, and after 80 years of age made the grand list of the town. About 
1806 he built the first aqueduct from Mendon to supply the village with 
water; there was no reservoir. Soon after the war of 181 2 he filled a con- 
tract with the Government for stocking muskets ; for many years kept a tav- 
ern on the road to Pittsford, half way between Rutland and Pittsford, his 
house being very popular with travelers from Vergennes to Boston. Ger- 
shom had no children, and died Sept. 18, 1855. A nephew of Cheney's, also 
named Gershom, is still a resident of Rutland, at the age of 70 years. He 
kept the old FrankHn House from 1854 until it burned, in 1868. 

John Ruggles, from Pomfret, Conn., came to Rutland in 1794, locating 
upon a farm which is now the site of the railroad depot. This farm was in- 
herited by his son, Gershom C. Ruggles, now an influential citizen of Rut- 



land. John was a prominent man of the township and held various offices 
of honor and trust. 

William Shedd came to Rutland at an early date, from Groton, Mass. His 
son Charles, born in 1796, is still a resident of Center Rutland, residing with 
his son, G. D. Shedd. He retains his mental faculties wonderfully well, at the 
age of 85. 

Levi Long came to Rutland from Coventry, Conn., in the year 1799, locat- 
ing on road 34. After a residence here of one year he returned to Conn., 
where he married Abigail Baker, and soon after came back and purchased a 
large tract of land near his residence. He was the father of seven boys and 
one girl. To each of the boys he gave a farm. That which Levi Jr. in- 
herited is now in the possession of his daughter Chloe, and is the only por- 
tion of the original tract now in the possession of any of the senior Levi's 

The farm now occupied by Rolhn C. Thrall was settled upon in 1786 by 
John Howe, from Granville, Mass. 

Matthias Ames, a Revolutionary soldier from Stockbridge, Mass., settled in 
Ira in 1783, where he remained two years, and then removed to Rutland in 
1785, locating upon the farm now occupied by his grandson, Matthias. 

Gad Daniels, from Worthington, Mass., came to Rutland in 1783, locating 
on the farm now owned by S. L. Daniels. His father, Nathaniel, and his 
son, Stephen, are both buried in the old cemetery at West Rutland. Stephen 
was killed while assisting to build a bridge at Centre Rutland in 1835. 

John Hall came to Rutland in 1798, when he was but four years of age. 
He first learned the saddlers' trade, which he worked at for a time and then 
began business for himself as a general merchant, which he subsequently 
disposed of and retired to a farm in the northern part of the township, where 
he spent the remainder of his life. He married Betsey Hawkes, by whom he 
had a family of five children, two daughters and three sons, four of whom 
are now hving, but widely separated, Mr. John M. Hall, of Rutland, being 
the only one left in the township. 

Adrian T. Woodward, of Rutland village, is a representative of one of the 
oldest famiUes of the county. His grandfather, Theodore Woodward, founded 
the Castleton Medical College, in 18 18. Mr. A. T. is a native of Castleton, 
from whence he removed to Poultney, and more recently to Rutland. 

James Ledgett, an Enghshman, was "pressed" into the British service 
during the Revolutionary war. Soon after reaching America he deserted 
and enlisted in the Colonial army, where he fought bravely for our independ- 
ence. After the war closed he sent to England for his wife and two child- 
ren, setthng with them in Pittsford, from whence he removed to Chittenden, 
and later to Rutland, where he died in 1831. James, Jr., is still a resident of 
Rutland, and John, another son, resides in Warren, Vt. 

Noah Griswold came to Rutland from Castleton in 1800, locating on the 
farm now occupied by E. L. and Frank Griswold, where he resided until his 
death, at an advanced age. 


Stephen Hale came to Vermont from Keene, N. H., about the year 1800, 
locating in Rutland village; Lucy Williams and FrankHn S. Hale, now resid- 
ing on road 28, are his son and daughter. Mr. Hale resided in Rutland 
until his death, at an advanced age. 

Francis Slason was born in Stamford, Conn., March 23d, 1790, from 
whence he removed to Troy, N. Y., in 1804, where he was employed as 
clerk for Russell & Tracy for a period of nine years, when he removed to 
West Rutland and bought the store of Nathan Bristol, where he sold goods 
for forty years. He has been a director of the National Bank of Rutland 
ever since its organization, in 1824, and though now 91 years of age, has not 
missed a directors' meeting, held on Tuesday of each week, for the last three 

Luther Daniels, now a resident of Main street, in Rutland village, was 
born at Keene, N. H., July 11, 1799, from whence he came to Rutland in 
September of 1814, and was engaged as a clerk in the store of Daniel Chip- 
man for about three years, when he returned to Keene and was employed in 
a store there until he was twenty-one years of age. He then came back to 
Rutland and engaged in business for himself at the place now known as 
" the Cheney store," where he sold goods for a period of thirty years, when 
he was chosen president of the Savings Bank, which office he held for nearly 
thirty years. Mr. Daniels has now retired from active business, and is enjoy- 
ing the competence that a long hfe of honor and industry has brought him. 
He represented the township in the State Legislature four years. Is now 
enjoying excellent health, at the advanced age of 82. 

Avery Billings came to Rutland in 181 8, from Guilford, Vt., and located 
on the west side of the creek, where Jesse L. Billings now resides. The 
place is a portion of tiie ministerial lot, and was purchased by Mr. Billings 
from the first settled minister. Mr. B. held various offices of honor and 
trust, and as a farmer accumulated considerable wealth. He married Mary 
Packer, a sister of Rev. Daniel Packer, who was so long and favorably 
known in the township of Mt. Holly. The Packer family are descendants of 
the Packers who came to this country from England about the year 1651, 
and settled in Connecticut. Mary Billings married John Cain, who was a 
prominent man in Rutland for many years. Mr. BiUings died in i860, at the 
age of 77, much lamented. 

James Barrett came to Rutland from Concord, Mass., in 1819, locating in 
the village, where he was engaged in mercantile pursuits for a period of 
about forty years. He was a prominent man of the town for many years, 
dying in 1875, in the 83d year of his age. When he first came to the village 
he occupied the house now owned by E. A. Morse, and subsequently a house 
located on the site now occupied by J. B. Harris' residence, and finally, the 
house corner of Main and Washington streets, in which he resided for a 
period of forty years. Mr. Barrett was a descendant of Col. James Barrett, 
who commanded the first regiment raised in Massachusetts, and which con- 


»tained the companies who took part in the battles of Concord and Lexing- 
ton. He was also one of the Committee of Safety, and also had charge of the 
collection of provisions and suppHes, for the destruction of which the British 
troops were sent to Concord. Of the descendants now living in town there 
are : the wife of Evelyn Pierpont, the wife of Hon. W. C. Dunton, 
Ellen C. Barrett, unmarried, and Rockwood Barrett, treasurer of the 
Columbian Marble Company. 

Robert Patterson came to Rutland from Montpelier, Vt., in 1816. He 
served in the war of 18 12 and was at the Battle of Plattsburg. While in the 
army he contracted a disease which resulted in paralysis, from the effects of 
which he never recovered. He died in 1848, in his 65th year. He was the 
father of six children, three of whom are now living. Robert E. resides in 
Rutland, on road 13. 

Jerusha A. Carruth, of Rutland village, is the daughter of Daniel and Bet- 
sey Carruth, who were married in Rutland, December 4, 1810, and on the 
4th of December, i860, were buried in the same grave in West Street Ceme- 
tery, having lived together in harmony on the spot where they were first mar- 
ried, fifty years to a day. They had a family of six children, of whom Jerusha 
is the only resident of Rutland, now residing on Woodstock avenue, at the 
age of 69. 

Thaddeus Dunklee, from New Hampshire, came to Rutland in 181 2, where 
he married EHzabeth Capron, July 29, 1822, by whom he had five children, 
Benjamin F., Hiram, Sarah, Samuel arid George. But two are now living, 
George in Boston, Mass., and Benjamin F. in Rutland. 

Dr. Lorenzo Sheldon, son of Meadad and Lucy (Boss) Sheldon, was born 
in Rutland village, May 8th, 1801. He was the eldest of a family of eleven 
children, consisting of five sons and six daughters. His father carried on the 
business of a blacksmith at Centre Rutland, and Lorenzo early learned to 
make himself useful in his father's shop. Subsequently the family moved 
upon a farm, north of what is now known as West Rutland village. Lorenzo 
early manifested a desire to study medicine, and eventually the way was 
opened for him to attend the Academy of Medicine at Castleton, Vt., where 
he continued his studies until his graduation, January i6th, 1820, when he 
returned to Rutland and commenced study and practice with Dr. Jonathan 
Shaw, with whom he formed a partnership. This connection, however, only 
continued one year, when Dr. Shaw removed to Clarendon Springs, leaving 
young Dr. Sheldon to practice independently. After a few years, induce- 
ments were held out to secure his removal to Waddington, St. Lawrence 
County, N. Y., to which place he removed in 1826, but only remained two 
years, when he returned to Rutland in 1828. In the year following he was 
married to Mahala Smith, of West Rutland. Of this marriage there were born 
seven children, Sophronia M., Darv/in Rush, Lucy Amareth, Charles S., Lucy 
L., Harley G. and Mary Kate. In the year 1835 Dr. Sheldon entered into 
partnership with Mr. Wm. F. Barnes, and commenced the marble business, 


then in its infancy. At one time this company owned the entire marble de- 
posit from the present Sheldons & Slason, north. Dr. Sheldon, at a later 
date, became senior member of the firm of Sheldons & Slason, continuing his 
connection with this firm till 1865, when he sold out and ceased to have any 
connection with the marble business ; but he continued to have large inter- 
ests in real estate, which absorbed a considerable portion of his time through 
the remainder of his life. He died at 12 o'clock on Sabbath morning, Sep- 
tember 5, 1880, in his 80th year, and was buried amidst the universal expres- 
sions of personal loss, by a people who had known and honored him from 

William F. Barnes, the pioneer of the marble interests of West Rutland, was 
born in Pittsford, January 17, 1806. His parents emigrated to the West 
during his boyhood, but Mr. B. chose to remain behind, and took up his 
residence with Elijah Boardman, in West Rutland. The labors and specula- 
tions of his younger days were confined entirely, then, to this section, and 
exhibited that wonderful energy, tact and endurance which made him re- 
markable through hfe. His life was a struggle, and he met with various 
vicissitudes, until about the year 1836, when fickle fortune deigned to cast a 
smile upon him, in the discovery and purchase by him of the quarry and 
swamp lands adjoining. In connection with the marble interest which was 
started by Mr. Barnes in company with Dr, Sheldon, he commenced 
the labor of reclaiming the almost impenetrable swamp land hereabouts, 
which now presents a scene of well cultivated fields. The building 
of the Depot Block, the Barnes House, etc., upon sites elevated many feet 
above the level, by carting soil from the swamp near by, were conceptions 
and performances of this energetic worker. These buildings were erected 
soon after the quarries were well developed, and the railroad was finished, 
the depot being given to the railroad for their occupancy. Fortunes have 
been accumulated and spent upon the field of his early toil, yet it cannot be 
said that he acquired wealth; reverses, illegal adjustments, and unfair deal- 
ings, all incident to hfe, were harsh experiences of his existence, and affected 
his later life and fortune. A httle incident is related of him which illustrates 
the generous impulse of his nature. A friend noticing the slow and uncer- 
tain movements of some aged workmen, expressed his surprise that such 
men were given employment, considering their infirmity and small amount 
of labor they could perform. His answer was characteristic. " These men," 
said he, "have grown old in my employment ; I cannot deprive them now 
of the means whereby to exist." On Wednesday, May 10, 187 1, while en- 
gaged in superintending the work in one of the quarries, a block of marble, 
weighing about 100 pounds, which had been lying in a pile at the top of the 
quarry, became undermined by rain, and fell a distance of over sixty feet, 
striking Mr. Barnes on the head and crushing the skull so terribly that the 
brain was exposed. Incredible as it may appear, his death did not occur 
until about nine o'clock of the Sunday following. Mr. Barnes represented 


Rutland two years in the Legislature, and was held in general esteem by his 
fellow citizens. He was for a time a local preacher of the Methodist Church, 
but several years previous to his death, he withdrew from that society and 
united with the F.piscopal Church. 

William Y. Ripley, son of Nathaniel Ripley, an early resident of Middle- 
bury, Vt., came to Rutland in 1837, locating at Centre Rutland, where he 
engaged in mercantile pursuits. In 1844 he established the marble business 
now carried on by his sons. In 186 1 he was appointed ])resident of the Rut- 
land County National Bank, which office he held until his death, which 
occurred September 27, 1875. when he was succeeded by his son, William 
Y. W., who still retains the position. 

John Cain was born in Castletown, Isle of Man, January 28, 1809, where 
he received the rudiments of the education at that time afforded to the 
masses of the people of that island. Possessing an independent and am- 
bitious spirit, desirous of making its own way in the world, he emigrated to 
this country in 1833, at the age of 23 years. He came immediately to Rut- 
land, and began life, in connection with a brother in his occupation, as an 
architect and builder, which he pursued for two score years with great 
industry, and was the builder of many buildings in this section. On the 
24th of May, 1834, he was united in marriage with Mary, daughter of 
Avery Billings. Five children were born to them, — William J., John, Avery 
B., Jewett P. and Maty. William J. and Avery B. both died in 1879, which 
brought sorrow to the hearts of their parents. They were young men of 
more than ordinary promise, and served their country faithfully and well in 
the civil war, and received recognition of their services by promotion to posi- 
tions in the United States Army. The three others survive. Mr. Cain became 
an ardent politician of the Democratic school of Jefferson and Jackson, and 
vahantly and fearlessly fought the battles of that party. He was closely 
identified with the interests of the town of Rutland for many years, and held 
several positions of trust and responsibihty in its local government. He was 
the founder and proprietor of the Rutland Courier, which was for a series of 
years a vigorous journal and the organ of the Democratic party in Western 
Vermont. He died, after a lingering illness, at Rutland, March 16, 1880. 

Colonel Jesse Gove, son of Nathaniel and Esther (Tyler) Gove, was born 
in Bennington, February 20, 1783. He read law with Cephas Smith, Jr., 
Esq., of Rutland; was admitted to the Rutland County Bar at the March 
term of 1818, and thereafter resided in Rutland. He married, January 4, 
1809, Sophia IngersoU. In 1809 "he was appointed clerk of the United States 
District and Circuit Courts for the District of Vermont, and held that office 
until his death. He was appointed postmaster at Rutland village April 9, 
1 84 1. He also attained the rank of colonel in the mihtia. 

Julia Caroline Ripley, daughter of Wm. Y. Ripley, was born in Charles- 
town, S. C, February 13th, 1825, but most of her hfe has been spent in 
Vermont. She was married February 2 2d, 1847, to Hon. Seneca M. Dorr, 


then of New York, but now of Rutland. Mr. Dorr is well known to the 
people of his adopted State as a legislator of prominence and ability. " The 
Maples," their home, on the banks of Otter Creek, just outside the corporate 
limits of Rutland village, is one of the notable residences of this beautiful 
town. Mrs. Dorr is too well known as an authoress, to require special men- 
tion here. She began to write at an early date, but had none of her pro- 
ductions placed in print until the year 1848 ; since that time a number of her 
poems have appeared in the best magazines of the day, and been widely 
copied at home and abroad, while she has also given to the public several 
novels and a choice edition of her poems, all of which have been very suc- 
cessful, winning for her, and with justice, the soubriquet of " Vermont's 

Ruth Field, widow of Nathaniel, now 97 years of age, resides with her 
son, Wm. M. Field, corner Centre and Main streets, and displays an unusual 
degree of vigor for one of that age. 

WiUiam, father of Dr. George H. Fox, of Rutland village, was an old 
Revolutionary soldier, and settled in Clarendon, from Woodstock, Conn., in 
1779, dying there February 17th, 1822. Dr. Fox traces the genealogy of his 
family back to John Fox of England, historian of the Martyrs, born in 15 17. 

Silas Aiken, D. D., removed from Boston, where he had occupied the 
pulpit of the Park St. Church for twelve years, and was settled over the 
Congregational Church of Rutland in 1849, which position he retained until 
he retired from the ministry in 1863. The high esteem in which he was 
held is attested by the fact that upon his retirement the Congregational 
Society presented him with a deed of the residence. No. 71 Main street, to 
retain the benefit of his influence among them, and here two of his daughters 
still reside. 

About the commencement of the Revolutionary war a fort was erected at 
East Rutland, about twenty feet north of the present Cheney store, on what 
is known as the burnt district. It was oblong in form, about eight rods east* 
and west, and ten rods north and south, made of pickets of maple, set five 
feet in the ground and extending fourteen feet high, the sides of the pickets 
touching each other and hewn smooth, the outside and inside unhewn. In- 
side was a small building for ammunition and provisions, afterwards used as 
a dwelling. As forts were soon after erected east and west of this, it became 
of little use, and was gradually torn down and the pickets used for fuel. 

Soon after the organization of the Government of Vermont, in March, 
1778, it was decided to make Rutland the headquarters of the State troops, 
and Gideon Brownson was appointed commander of the forces stationed 
here. A fort was erected at Centre Rutland during the same year, located 
on the hill east of Mead's (now Gookins) Falls, and named Fort Ranger. It 
was elliptical in form, covering an area of two or more acres, and made of 
unhewn hemlock logs or pickets, sunk in a trench five feet deep, rising fifteen 
feet high, sharpened at the top and inclining outward, accommodating two 


or three hundred troops. In the north-west part, a block-house, forty feet 
square and two stories high, was built, the north and west sides forming a 
part of the outside of the fort, and suppUed on all sides with port-holes. This 
fort was used as the State headquarters, and from here the supplies were 
furnished the other forts until 1781, when the headcpiarters were removed to 
Castleton. At this time Centre Rutland contained, besides the fort, the first 
meeting-house of the town, the tavern of John Hopson Johnson, built of 
plank, on the site of the present store, and Mead's saw and grist mill, built 
for Col. James Mead, by Benjamin Blanchard, who received 100 acres of 
land for building the same, the land now being included in the farm of 
Chalon Blanchard. 

During the war of 1861 and 1865, the fair ground, located about a mile 
south of the village, was used as a veteran reserve camp, and called Camp 
Fairbanks, in honor of Governor Fairbanks, and the ist and 2d regiments, 
mustered into service at Rutland, were camped here several weeks. 

One of the first bridges of any importance erected in the town of Rutland 
over Otter Creek was near Double Road Crossing, and built by a small 
school district, the raising being completed on October i, 1795, ^^'^ ^^s 
given the name of "Federal Bridge." 

Rev. WiUiam Emerson, grandfather of Ralph Waldo Emerson, joined 
the Revolutionary army as chaplain, from Concord, Mass., on the i6th of 
August, 1776, and was at Ticonderoga under Gen. Gates, where he was at- 
tacked with bihous fever and obliged to resign. On the i8th of September, 
1776, he started on his journey home, and had proceeded as far as Rutland, 
when his illness increased so much that he was obliged to stop, staying with 
the Rev. Benjamin Roots, where he died on Sabbath morning, October 20th, 
1776, in the 34th year of his age. He was buried the following day with 
miUtary honors. In 1790 his son, William, disinterred the remains and 
again buried them. A few years since, Ralph Waldo Emerson came to Rut- 
land in search of the grave, but failed to identify it. 

The first medical society ever organized in the State, held its first meeting 
at the house of Joseph Munn, innholder, at Rutland, in August, 1795, at 
which Dr. Ezekiel Porter was made chairman; Dr. Benjamin Walker, clerk; 
Drs. Samuel Shaw, Daniel Reed and Benjamin Walker, censors. Messrs. 
Enos Bell and Jonathan Shaw were examined by said censors and recom- 


T/ie First Congregational Church of West Rutland was re-organized under 
its present name on the 13th day of March, 18 18. Soon after the division of 
the town into parishes, the society had erected a church in West Rutland, 
across the road from the present brick building, and south of the old burial 
ground, which was given to the Church and congregation in a deed, dated 
October 30th, 1787, by William Roberts, one of the founders of the society, 



and in it, over his grave, is a marble slab bearing the following inscrip- 
tion : — 

William Roberts, 

Died November, 1788, 

Aged about 70 Years. 

A short time before his death Mr. Roberts 
gave this ground to the Congre- 
gational Society for a 
burial place, and 
his own body 
was the first 
here buried. 

This Monument is erected by some 
of the members of the Society 
as a token of respect 
to his memory. 

The present house of worship was completed and dedicated on the 30th o 
May, 1855, and is a large comfortable structure, capable of seating 600 per- 
sons, and cost $18,000, about its present value including grounds. The 
society now numbers 248 members, under the pastorate of Rev. John K. 

The Congregational Church of Rutland, the first religious society estab- 
lished in the township, was organized on the 20th day of October, 1773, three 
years after the settlement of the town, by a small company assembled at the 
house of their first pastor, Rev. Benajah Roots, formerly pastor of the First 
Church of Simsbury, Connecticut, and consisting of the following named 
members :—Ebenezer Hopkins, Samuel Crippen, David Hawley, William 
Roberts, Charles Brewster, Abraham Jackson, John Moses, Enos Ives, Joseph 
Bowker, Jehiel Andrews, Sarah Bowker, Sarah Andrews, Anna Ives and Me- 
hetabel Andrews. Mr. Roots remained with the society until his death, of 
consumption, on the 15th day of March, 1787, in his 62d year. The first 
house of worship was erected soon after the organization of the society, on 
the west side of what was long known as "Meeting House Hill," at Center 
Rutland, occupying the present site of Mr. George H. Seaman's residence. 
This building was used by the society till the year 1787, when, on the 22d of 
October, the town was divided into two parishes. East and West, the dividing 
hne beginning at the center of the north Hne of the town, thence parallel 
with the east and west lines till it strikes the Otter Creek, and thence up the 
creek, as the stream runs, to the south line of the township, and in each parish 
a Congregational Church organized, the Church in the East Parish being 
established on the 5th of October, twelve days before the division of the town, 
with thirty-seven members, and Rev. Samuel Williams, LL. D., as pastor ; 
and subsequently the West Parish erected an edifice at West Rutland, 
opposite the present brick structure, under the pastorate of Rev. Lemuel 



The society of the East Parish, located at Rutland village, has erected 
three churches — the first, a frame building, on the south-east corner of the 
old burial-ground on Main street, near the residence of Moses Perkins, and 
the second on the east side of the same street, upon the site now occupied by 
the residence of Col. George Merrill. This edifice was built by Gershom 
Cheney in 1819, costing in the neighborhood of $10,000, and was used by 
the society until i860, when the present brick church on Court street was 
erected, at a cost, including chapel, &c., of $54,017.54, and, together with the 
grounds, is now valued at $75,000. Mr. WiUiams remained with the Church 
as a "supply" until Rev. Heman Ball, D. D., was settled, in January of 1795. 
The society is now in a flourishing condition, with 620 members, and a Sab- 
bath school with 500 scholars, under the very able charge of Rev. James 
Gibson Johnson, D. D. 

The Baptist Church of Rutland, located on Center street, was organized 
on the 25th of November, 1823, with fifteen members; Daniel Ford, 

(The Baptist Church of Rutland. ) 

moderator, and Adonijah Ford, clerk. The first settled minister was the 
Rev. Hadley Proctor, of China, Me., his pastorate commencing with the 
opening of the year 1827, and continuing until 1834. In 1827 the first church 
building was erected on Main street, which was used until 1871, when the 
rapid growth of the village north and west of that parish, necessitated the 
choice of a more central location. Accordingly, on the i8th of July, 1871, 
the corner stone of the present structure on Center street was laid, with 
becoming ceremonies, and on the evening of February i, 1872, the new 


house was opened with appropriate services. It is a handsome brick struc- 
ture, capable of accommodating 600 persons, and cost $43,000. The society 
now has 380 members, with Rev. Judson K. Richardson as pastor, settled 
May I, 1875. 

Trinity Church, (Episcopal,) at Rutland, located on West street, was 
organized on Wednesday, February 19, 1817, with Rev. George T. Chapman 
as rector. The parish was without a house of worship until 1833, when a 
building was erected on Main street, not far from the north side of West. 
The corner-stone of the present beautiful stone structure was laid in 1878, by 
the Right Rev. W. H. A. Bissell, D. D., Bishop of Vermont, and the church was 
consecrated by the same, December 4th, 1879. The present rector, Rev. 
Walter Mitchell, was elected on Easter, 1877. 

The First Methodist E_f>iscopal Chjirc/i, located on West street, was origin- 
ally organized at Centre Rutland, in 1831, with a membership of fifty-two. 
In 1854 it was reorganized at Rutland village, by their first pastor. Rev. 
John Parker, and consisted of only six members, — William A. Burnett and 
wife, Mrs. Mary and Miss Jane Thrall, and Misses Jane and Lucy Dunklee. 
Services were first held in the old depot, the preacher standing on the plat- 
form and the people sitting in passenger coaches drawn up in front, and 
subsequently in the third story of the old Perkins block, on Merchants' Row, 
until the first church was erected in 1855-56, which was followed by the 
present edifice in 1873, which cost $5,000 and will seat 800 persons. The 
present site was donated by William J. Ripley, then a member at Centre 
Rutland. After the first church at the east village was erected, the heirs of 
Mr. Ripley bought the old Centre Rutland church, which they preserve as a 
memento of respect to their parents. The society now has 305 members, a 
sabbath-school numbering 325 scholars, and church property to the amount 
of $18,000. Rev, John Wesley Quinlan is the present pastor. 

,5"/. Peter's Roman Catholic Church, located at Rutland village, was organ- 
ized by its first pastor, Rev. Father Druon, in 1855, with a membership of 
500. During that year a church was erected, which was followed by the 
building of the present elegant structure in 1873, of brick, with trimmings of 
stone, erected at a cost of $57,000, with seating capacity for 1,300 persons. 
Father Druon was succeeded by the present pastor, Rev. Chas. Boylan, 
under whose efficient management the society has increased to 2,500 mem- 
bers, with church property to the amount of $100,000. Under the direction 
of the Church there are also six Catholic schools, with an average attendance 
of 387, taught by the Sisters of St. Joseph. 

The Second Advent Christian CJiurch, located on West street, was organ- 
ized with forty-two members, by Miles Grant, in 1858, with Rev. Mathew 
Batchelder as first pastor. During the following year the church building was 
erected, a modest affair, costing $1,215.35. The society now has ninety 
members, with no regular pastor. 

Grace Protestant Episcopal Church of West Rutland was organized in 


1859, and Rev. D. Ellis Wills was the first pastor, the society now being 
under the pastoral charge of the Rev. Edward P. Lee. The church building 
was erected in 1878. Porter Howe, Esq., the senior warden of this parish, 
is one of the oldest, if not the oldest Churchman in Vermont. He was 
born in 1791, and was a member of the convention that elected Bishop 
Hopkins in 1832. 

The Church of The Sacred Heart of Mary, (French Catholic,) located on 
Lincoln Ave., at Rutland village, was organized by its first pastor. Rev. Father 
Gagne, 1870, with a membership of 800. The present edifice was erected 
during the same year, at a cost of $6,000.00, and will seat 500 persons, now 
valued, including grounds, at $8,000.00. The society also has a branch 
church at West Rutland, bearing the same name and organized the same 
year, having 350 members, and a church building that will accommodate 300 
persons and cost $3,000.00. 


The Convent of our Lady of Vermont, situated on West street, is an insti- 
tution directed by the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary. They 
came to Rutland in January, 1870, locating on Main street, where they re- 
mained until June, 1874, when they removed to their present location, hav- 
ing purchased the premises. Their course of study is the same as in the 
Mother House, at Hochelaga, Montreal, and comprises the various branches 
of a solid, useful and ornamental education. 

|»HERBURNE is located in the eastern part of Rutland County, in lat. 
^^ 43° 38', and long. 4° 15' east from Washington. In form it is nearly 
W square, set diagonally, with its longest diagonal line pointing north and 
south, and is thus bounded on the north-east by Stockbridge, and on the 
south-east by Bridgewater in Windsor County, on the south-west by Mendon, 
and on the north-west by Mendon and a small part of Chittenden. It was 
chartered July 7, 1761, by Governor Benning Wentworth, of New Hamp- 
shire, to Ezra Stiles and Benjamin Ellery, of Newport, R. I., under the name 
of KiUington, and then contained 23,040 acres ; but that area has since been 
increased by a portion of a tract of land called Parker's Gore, formerly lying 
between Sherburne and Bridgewater, which was annexed November 4, 1822 
so that the township now has an area of about 30,000 acres. In the year 1774 
the township was surveyed by Simeon Stevens, and allotted in 70 shares, 65 
shares to the proprietors and the usual reservation of five shares for public 
purposes. Although settlement was begun as early as the year 1785, the 
town was not organized until 1794, with Albro Anthony as first town clerk. 

The surface is very mountainous and broken ; the highest peak, and next 
to the highest in the State, is Mount KiUington, located in the western part, 
on the line between this town and Mendon. The formation of Mount Kil- 


lington is mostly gneiss; the summit entirely barren and sterile, frowns down 
upon the surrounding landscape from an altitude of 4,380 feet above the level 
of the sea. It is distant about ten miles from Rutland village, from which is a 
very pleasant drive, and in the sultry days of midsummer, its cool sides and sum- 
mit attract many excursionists, the view of scenery it affords from above Mt. 
Killington House being one of the grandest in the State. To the north of 
Killington, and crowding close on its base, is another prominent mountain, 
called Pico Peak. This elevation is thickly covered with a dense forest nearly 
to its summit, which is 3,917 feet above tide-water. 

The town is watered by several streams that have their sources among the 
mountains ; the only one of any importance, however, is Quechee River, 
which rises in the northern part of the town, traverses its whole length and 
enters the town of Bridgewater on the south, having numerous small tribu- 
taries, whereon are situated a number of good mill-sites. There are but few 
good farms except those located in the valley of this river, where the soil is 
an alluvial deposit and very rich, producing quite readily, wheat, barley, oats, 
rye, buckwheat and Indian corn. Stock and dairt-farming, however, greatly 
exceeds the grain-growing industry. Many fari-giers have neglected both, and 
turned their attention to lumbering, which they consider more remunerative. 
The town in most parts has heavy fo*»ests of beech, birch, maple, hemlock 
and spruce, with some black and ^l^te ash. From the maple large quanti- 
ties of sugar are manufactured, whioi forms quite an article of export. 

The population of Sherburne in 1880 was 450; and it was divided into 
seven school districts and had seven common schools, employing two male 
and eight female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $539.52. There were 
124 pupils attending common schools, and the entire cost of the schools for 
the year ending October 31st, was $594.96, with MiUie A. Johnson as super- 

Sherburne, (p. o.) a small hamlet, located in the central part of the town- 
ship, on Quechee River, contains one church, one hotel, one store, one black- 
smith shop, one saw and grist mill, and about fifty inhabitants. 

North Sherburne, (p. o.) a hamlet, located in the northern part of the 
town, contains one blacksmith shop, one saw-mill, one steam saw and plan- 
ing-mill, and several dweUings. These constitute the only settlements ap- 
proaching anything like a village in the township. 

Milo J. Moore's smv-miH, located on Quechee River, near road 17, was 
built by J. P. and B. Wood in the year 1858. Mr. Moore employs six men 
and manufactures $3,000 worth of chair-stock, 200,000 shingles and about 
300,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

Russell Madden' s chair-stock factory^ located on Quechee River, near road 
17, was built by Mr. Madden in 1876. He employs four men and manufac- 
tures twenty car loads of chair-stock per annum. 

Charles C. Willard's saw and grist-mill, located in the western part of 
the town, on one of the tributaries of the Quechee, called Thundering 


Brook, has one run of stones and manufactures 2,000 feet of lumber per 
day. ', Jir 

Owen W. Bates' saw-milL also located on Thundering Brookj-has the 
capacity for cutting 4,000 feet of lumber per day. ^ 

D. M. White 6^ Go's saw-mill was built in 1880, and now operated by 
Reuben Ranger of Mendon, who employs twenty-five men and manufac- 
tures 10,000 feet of lumber per day. 

Lewis A. Willarcrs saw-mill, located on Thundering Brook, was built by 
him in 1873. Mr. WillAl manufactures 25,000 feet of clapboards and 
50,000 feet of lumber peS^eek. 

Isaac A. Morse's saw and planing mill, located at North Sherburne, was 
built in 1874, and enlarged and steam-power added in 1880, so the mill now 
has the capacity for cutting io,dlpo feet of lumber per day. 

A. D. EstabrooUs saw and shingle-mill, located at North Sherburne, was 
erected in 1873, with facihties for eutting 6,000 feet of lumber and manufac- 
turing 10,000 shingles per day. 

The settlement of Sherburne is said to have been commenced by Isaiah 
Washburn in 1785. At the organization of the town, in 1794, the meeting 
was held at the house of Nathan Eddy, inn-holder, when the following offi- 
cers were chosen : — Albro Anthony, town-clerk ; John Anthony, Nathan 
Eddy, Sr., and Seth Fuller, selectmen ; Samuel Anthony, Amasa Fuller anc 
Richard Estabrook, Usters, and Nathaniel Eddy, grand juror. 

The first marriage recorded is that of Nathan Eddy, Jr., and Rebec( 
Safford, October 28th, 1794. The first birth recorded is that of Luth( 

son of Asa and Briggs, some time in the year 1790. Asa settle( 

an early date in what is known as Sherburne Hollow, when bears were nui 
ous. It is related of him, that while upon west mountain one day, in 
fall of the year, he caught a cub or young bear in his hands. He was clo^ly 
pursued by the mother, and defended himself with a club. He would drive 
Bruin up a tree, and then run with the cub, until he would again have to 
defend himself from the attack of his pursuer. Being a tall, powerful man 
he succeeded in bringing home the cub. It was domesticated sufficiently to 
be admitted to the kitchen. When he sought winter quarters, he crawled 
into a large trough, hewed out of a log that stood partly in a temporary shed. 
The storms of winter came, his bed was covered with snow and ice, and he 
was completely frozen in. During the winter Mr. Briggs had visitors that 
wished to see the occupant of the trough in the wood-shed. He succeeded in 
removing him from his icy bed, and carried him into the house and warmed 
him by the fire. His bearship walked about the house, but was very cross 
at being disturbed in the midst of his winter's slumber, and returned to his 
resting place to await the return of spring. Bears have always been peculi- 
arly abundant in Sherburne, there being quite a number found there at the 
present time. Elisha Colton, son of Silas Colton, who was one of the first 
settlers, has resided in the town about sixty-five years, and during that time 
has killed 100, three of them during the past year. 



The first hotel in the township was built by Josiah Wood in 1825 ; the 
house is located on road 16, and is at present occu[)ied by George A. Petty. 
Park Wood, son of Josiah, was a graduate of Union College; he studied 
law. and engaged in practice in Pekin, 111. In January, 1832, he com- 
menced a journey from that place to Chicago on horseback. When about 
forty miles west of Chicago, in crossing Fox River on the ice, his horse 
broke through, and they both struggled for a time in the water, but succeeded 
in reaching the shore, when the man crept to a tree and leaned against it. 
This account was given some days after by an Indian to the Indian agent, 
who immediately sent a person to the place, and it was found he had died 
there, his name being learned by papers found upon his person. He was a 
man of fine talent, and promised to be a useful member of society and a 
blessing to the world. The first store was built in 1835 by Rufus Richard- 
son, and kept by Charter Baxter and Asa Gaines. John Anthony was the 
first Representative from the town. On the 4th day of December, 1798, an 
election was held at the house of Asa Briggs to elect a representative, at 
which six votes were cast for Samuel Williams, Esq. 

During the late war of '61 and '65, Sherburne furnished seventy soldiers, 
seventeen of whom did not live to see the war closed. She paid $13,500 in 
bounties to her soldiers, raising the larger part of the money by taxation, at 
the time it was used, leaving the town comparatively free from debt. 

The Union Church, located at Sherburne village, was organized by Noah 
Johnson in 1840. Mr. Johnson was the first settled minister in the town, and 
organized the Church as a union institution, with about twenty-five members. 
This number has since increased to fifty, with no regular pastor at present. 
The building is a modest aftair, erected in 1840, at a cost of about $1,000, 
raised by subscription. It will comfortably seat about 200 persons, and in- 
cluding the whole church property, is now valued at $1,000. 

^^HREWSBURY is located in the eastern part of the county in lat. 43° 
^^ 31' and long. 4° 11' east from Washington, bordering on the west the 
W town of Clarendon, while Mendon lies to the north, Plymouth, Windsor 
County, on the east, and Mount Holly and Wallingford on the south. The 
township contains an area of 25,392 acres, lying mostly on the Green 
Mountain range, which is here quite elevated. Shrewsbury peak, lying in 
the north-eastern part, near Mendon, being 4,000 feet above tide water, is one 
of the highest peaks in the Green Mountain range. Round Hill, in the 
north-western part, is also a high elevation. 

The country is well watered by numerous streams that have their sources 
among the mountains. Mill RiVer, the most considerable, flows a north- 
westerly course through the south-west part of the town, and contains 
numerous mill privileges, of which there are many that are not occupied. 
Cold River, the next in size, rises in the central part of the town, flows a 


A Magnificent Private Family Tomb, Founded and Built at Cuttingsville, Vermont, by John P. Bowman, Esq. 

Designed by G. B. Croff, Architect and Constructing Engineer, and Special Designer of Mortuary 

Architecture, Mausoleums, Tombs, Vaults, Monuments, Horticultural and Floral 

Decorations, and General Cemetery Art Work. 




north-westerly course, its waters being discharged into Otter Creek, in Claren- 
don. Roaring Brook, one of the head tributaries of Black River, rises in the 
north-eastern part of the town, flows an easterly course and empties into 
Black River in Plymouth. Gould Brook heads on Shrewsbury Peak, Hows 
westerly and empties into Cold River. Near the mouth of Gould Brook is a 
mineral spring called " Sulphur Spring," the waters of which have been used 
for medicinal purposes. There are two considerable ponds in the south part 
of the town — Ashley's and Peal's, and another near the Willard Johnson 
farm, which was once bought by a Rutland company for the purpose of dig- 
ging peat for fuel. There never was much done at it however. Spring 
Lake, formerly called Shrewsbury Pond, is situated in the south-west part of 
the town, several hundred feet above Mill River, and is one mile in length 
by a half mile in width, abounds in trout and has no visible inlet. 

The principal rocks of the town are those peculiar to the Green Mountain 
range. In the southern part is found a considerable de[)osit of copperas, at 
a point called Copperas Hill. In 1828 it was purchased of Calvin Robinson, 
of Cuttingsville, by a company chartered as the "Green Mountain Manufac- 
turing Co." conducted by Jeremiah Dow. The company employed some thirty 
men and made nine tons of copperas daily ; the works have long since been 
abandoned, though great quantities of copperas still remain in the mine. 

The soil is a very fertile, Hght loam, well adapted to grass, wheat, oats and 
potatoes, affording facilities for a great dairy town, "Shrewsbury butter" 
being noted for its excellent quaUty throughout the State. Lumber is quite 
an article of export, the timber being mostly beech, birch, maple, hemlock 
and spruce, with some balsam and black ash, large quantities of sugar being 
manufactured from the maple. There is but little fruit grown. 

Shrewsbury was chartered September 4, 1761, by Benning Wentworth, 
Governor of New Hampshire, to Samuel Ashley and sixty-three others, only 
one of the original proprietors ever settling in the town. It was not or- 
ganized until March 20, 1781, and still retains its original limits, except one 
square mile taken from the town of Plymouth, Windsor County, and annexed 
to Shrewsbury, October 21, 1823. At the first town meeting, held March 20, 
1 78 1, the following officers were chosen : Lemuel White, moderator; Aaron 
Esty, town clerk ; Lemuel White, Samuel Benton and Nehemiah Smith, 
selectmen; Benedict Webber, town treasurer; Zebediah Green, constable 
and collector, and Samuel Benton, Joseph Randall and WiUiam Smith, 
listers ; Samuel Benton, grand juror. 

The Central Vermont Railroad passes through the south-western part of 
the town, affording the township good facilities for transportation. The 
population of Shrewsbury, in 1880 was 1,235, of which all but one family 
were whites. During the year ending October 31, 1880, the town had four- 
teen school districts, employing four male and seventeen female teachers, 
whose united salaries amounted to $1,404.55. The number of pupils attend- 
ing school during the year was 316, and the entire cost of the schools was 
$1,642.82, with Geo. Rustedt superintendent of public schools. 


Cui riNGSviLU.E, a post village and station on the Central Vermont Rail- 
road, lies in the south-west part of the town, about nine miles distant from 
Rutland. Mill River runs through the village, which contains about twenty 
dwellings, one church, one hotel, two stores, one grist and saw-mill, two 
blacksmith shops, one harness shop, one shoe shop, two milliners' and one 
dressmaker's shops. 

In a small unpretentious rural graveyard, located in this village, there has 
been erected a Grecian tomb which is one of the marvels of its class on this 
continent ; a gem, that will continue to delight the hearts of lovers of the 
beautiful through countless ages, and imperishable as the rock-ribbed hills 
that form its setting. " Laurel Glen Mausoleum " was begun in July of 
1880, at the order of Mr. John P. Bowman, a wealthy resident of Creek 
Centre, New York, a native of Clarendon, Vermont, in memory of his wife 
and two daughters, of whom he has been bereaved by sudden and repeated 
strokes, and for over a year, 125 men, sculptors, granite and marble cutters, 
masons and laborers, were employed in erecting it in all its classic details, 
until it stands complete to-day, the only monument of pure Grecian archi- 
tecture in the country. Its dimensions externally at base are seventeen feet 
six inches by twenty-four feet, and twenty feet high from grade line to apex 
of roof. There have been 750 tons of granite. 50 tons of marble and 20,000 
bricks used in its construction, which together with improvements upon its 
surroundings has cost the owner $75,000.00. In general exterior it has the 
appearance of a miniature Grecian temple, composed of massive blocks of 
granite, the roof alone weighing forty tons ; while its interior is that of a 
grand mausoleum vestibule, sheltering the vault that contains the cherished 
dead. The inside door is a mighty granite monoUth of 6,500 pounds weight, 
yet equilibrated with such nicety that it may be noiselessly turned upon its 
hinges by a touch of the finger. 

The whole exterior, except the floors which are of English Encaustic Tiles, 
is of the choicest statuary and Brocadilla marble, the wainscotting, columns 
&c., highly polished and deeply wrought with emblems and tracery of the most 
elaborate character. At a point opposite the entrance, solid plate-glass mir- 
rors have been set in such a manner as to produce the most dazzling optical 
illusion, taking up and reflecting almost to infinity in all directions the statues 
and carved work, until the observer standing within the space seems to be in 
the center of a vast area thronged with the choicest effects of sculptured 
architecture. The only external statue is one in life size of Mr. Bowman, 
represented in the act of ascending the broad steps, key in hand, to open the 
shelter of the "couch of dreamless sleep," where rests his cherished dead, 
bearing in his hand a wreath of immortelles, his mantle thrown over his arm, 
a graceful drapery falling in the negligee of sorrow, forming a whole that tells 
its own silent tale of grief and sadness. Previous to the erection of this gem 
of mortuary art, the little rural burial-ground where it is located had nothing 
to distinguish it from others of its class ; but now, in point of beauty, it vies 


with the more pretentious " cities of the dead " located in the midst of more 
populous communities. The whole ground has been graded and laid out in 
beautiful grass plats, decked with rare Howers and furnished with smooth 
gravel walks, and the whole fronted by a granite wall of broken ashler ma- 
sonry, the paneled posts terminated with beautifully cut vases of solid granite 
for the reception of flowers, while several hundred yards back of the cemetery, 
high up on the hill, has been built a reservoir, fed by a small brook, that 
furnishes water for a beautiful fountain. Taken all in all, Mr. Bowman has 
called into existence such a rare scene of loveUness, that long after he has 
" gone down to the dust from whence he sprung," Laurel Glen Mausoleum 
will preserve fresh and green the memory of his name. 

Shrewsbury (p. o.,) a hamlet situated near the centre of the town, con- 
tains one church, a post-office, one blacksmith shop, one cheese-factory and 
nine dwellings. 

North Shrewsbury (p. o.,) a hamlet, situated a little east of the central 
part of the town, contains one church, one store, one blacksmith shop, the 
steam-mill of N. J. Aldrich & Co., and about a dozen dwellings. 

iV; ,/. Aldrich &= Co.'s mill is run by a 30 horse-power engine, and uses 
one circular saw for cutting lumber, three gigger, or band-saws for cutting 
chair stock and four other small saws, for cutting lath, &c. The Company 
employs about fifteen men, who cut from 800^000 to 1,500,000 feet of lumber, 
and stock for 123,000 chairs, annually. 

R. P. Burdetfs steam-mill is situated in the northern part of the town, on 
Cold River. It is run by a 75 horse-power engine, uses one circular-saw for 
lumber, two gigger or band-saws, and two gauge lathes. It employs twelve 
men, and cuts 3,000,000 feet of lumber per year, and manufactures a car- 
load of chair-stock weekly. 

D. M. White &> Co.'s steam mill, in the north part of the town, is en- 
gaged in the manufacture of nail-keg staves, under the management of Pom- 
eroy & Sipple, who employ eight men, and manufacture staves for 1,000 nail 
kegs daily. 

The Bates Cheese Factory, owned by James Huntoon, and operated by 
W. E. Aldrich, receives the milk of 250 cows, manufacturing therefrom 40,000 
lbs. of cheese per annum. 

The Gilson Cheese Factory, located at Shrewsbury, receives the milk of 
400 cows, and manufactures 112,000 lbs. of cheese per annum. 

North Shrewsbury Cheese Factojy, owned and operated by W. E. Aldrich, 
receives the milk of 300 cows, from which is manufactured 50,000 lbs. of 
cheese per annum. 

Lyman Russell's saiv mill, located in the southern part of the town, is 
operated by water power, has one circular saw, and cuts 500,000 feet of 
lumber yearly. 

Capt. Lemuel White was the first settler in Shrewsbury, coming thither 
from Rockingham, Vt., in the year 1777, settHng on the farm now owned by 


Willard Smith, where he cleared the first land and built the first house in 
the town. It was in this house that the charter meeting of the town was 
held, March 20, 1781, at which Mr. White was chosen moderator, four years 
after his settlement. On the 23d of July, 1778, Lemuel was married to 
Zilpha Bowdish, the first marriage ceremony that occurred, and was per- 
formed by Joseph Bowker, a justice of the peace. As a fruit of this marriage, 
there was born to them a daughter, Anna, on the 15th of August, 1779, being 
the first birth that occurred in the town. Lemuel was also captain of the 
first militia and first representative of the town, a man possessed of much 
shrewd, common sense, although he could neither read nor write. The 
following anecdote, which is related of him, may perhaps give some insight 
into his character : — "Farming tools were not so plenty in those days but 
that people had to borrow from one another. A Mr. Aldrich sent to borrow 
Capt. White's harrow. Capt. White returned word that if Mr. Aldrich would 
bring his land there he might use his harrow." He died of the great epi- 
demic of March. 1813, and many of his descendants still reside in Shrewsbury 
and vicinity. 

The first male child born in the town was Jonathan Smith, born May 4, 
1780. The first grist mill was located on the farm now owned by Webb 
Sinclair, and was swept away by a freshet in July of the year 181 1. 

Nehemiah Smith and his sons, Nathan, William and Job, came to this 
town from Rhode Island, in 1780, settling upon the farm now owned by 
Willard Smith, where they used the shelter of a large projecting rock as a 
sleeping chamber, until they had erected a log house. Until they had made 
a clearing large enough whereon to raise some grain, they had no means of 
subsistence except by manufacturing potash and burning charcoal, which was 
carried to Troy on horseback, a distance of seventy-five miles, and there ex- 
changed for grain, Troy being the nearest point that such goods were sal- 

Ziba Aldrich settled in Shrewsbury, also during this year, (1780,) locating 
on Mill River, near the farm now owned by Amos Pratt. Mr. Aldrich was 
born in Mendon, Mass., in 1753, and while quite young moved with his 
parents to Richmond, N. H., where he was subsequently married, and with 
his wife and two children emigrated to this place. His was the fourth 
family that moved to the town, and consequently participated in all the 
vicissitudes that occurred to its early inhabitants, and through it all, Mr. 
Aldrich, by his manly christian life, gained the confidence of the entire 
community, which he retained until his death, July 23d, 1840, at the advanced 
age of 87 years. 

Jeffrey A. Barney came to the town in 1780, from Richmond, N. H., set- 
thngon Mill River, upon the farm now owned by David Waterman. On their 
journey thither from New Hampshire, Mrs. Barney traveled on horseback, 
while Jeffrey walked the whole distance, driving two cows. They had been 
here but a few weeks, when, it is related the cows strayed off into the forest 


and in the evening at the usual time for them to return, were not to be 
found. So, early on the following morning, Jeffrey, taking his dinner with 
him, started off in search of them. He tracked them through the forest a 
distance of forty miles, and at last found them near the source of Black 
River. During the tramp through the forest, Mr. Barney lost his dinner, so 
had nothing to eat until he had returned on his journey as far as the " Port 
Wine Tavern " in Cavendish, a distance of twenty miles. Thus Mr. Barney 
had a walk of sixty miles with no refreshments. 

Benedict Webber's was the fifth family that moved to the town, settling 
here in 1780. Mr. Webber's mother, widow of WiUiam, died on the 9th of 
April, 1782, the first death that occurred in the town. Mrs. Webber's death 
was a sad one, she having accidently fallen into the broad fire-place, and 
before she could be rescued, was burned so badly that she expired a few 
hours afterwards. 

John Kilburn, a surveyor, came from Walpole, N. H., settling in Shrews- 
bury in 1785, where he was elected town clerk in 1789, which oftice he con- 
tinued to hold for forty consecutive years. In 1836, he removed to Canton, 
St. Lawrence Co., N. Y., where he died at an advanced age, mourned and 
respected by all. At the annual town-meeting, held at Shrewsbury in March, 
1878, it was voted that a set of marble head-stones be furnished Mr. Kilburn's 
grave in Canton, at the expense of the town of Shrewsbury, as a token of 
respect and in memory cf his long life among them. The stones were 
manutactured and sent to Canton the same year. 

Nathan Phinney was also one of the earliest settlers in the town, and for a 
long time kept the first tavern, located on the farm now owned by Amos 
Pratt. At one time a band of smugglers was chased by the officers from 
Rutland to the Phinney tavern. The smugglers had a sleigh-load of fine 
goods which they had smuggled from Canada, which, just before they reached 
the Phinney stand, they threw over a high embankment. When the officers 
caught them at Phinney's, they of course could find no trace of smuggled 
goods, so were obliged, though reluctantly, to give up the search and return 
to Rutland. After they had left, the smugglers gathered up the contraband 
property and proceeded with it to Boston, where it brought a good round 

Nathan Russell settled on the farm now owned by William Russell, in 
1786, coming from Barry, Mass. Mr. Russell lived alone in his log-cabin 
three years before he was married, having to carry his grain to Woodstock 
on horseback, a distance of twenty-two miles, this being the nearest grist- 
mill. He died in 1856, at the advanced age of 93 years, leaving eighteen 
children to mourn his loss. 

Uriah Cook, a hero of the Revolution, came to Shrewsbury from Rich- 
mond, Mass., in 1780, settling on the farm now owned by his son Hiram. 

David Hold en came to this town from Barry, Mass., at an early date, 
settling on the farm now owned by S. F. Smith. 


Willard Colburn came from Dedham, Mass., in 1790, and located on the 
farm now owned by his great grandson, David C. Colburn. 

Phileman Adams came in 1792 from Medway, Mass., and purchased the 
farm now owned by Perin Johnson, which is the second farm that was cleared 
in the town. 

Benjamin Needham was among the early settlers of the town, coming from 
Billerica, Mass. Mr. Needham was in the army all through the war of the 
Revolution, and his sons Benjamin and Joseph, and a grandson, Benjamin, 
were in the war of 1812. His grandson, Horace, died while engaged in the 
war with Mexico, and his three great grandsons, Benjamin, Joseph and 
Horace, were all engaged in the late war of 1861, Horace being killed in 
action at Richmond, Va. 

Among the early settlers there are also found the names of Job Buckmas- 
ter, Martin Dawson, Abram Gibson, Ephriam Pierce and Moses Colburn. 

Jacob Guild, of VValpole, N. H., and Esquire Morse, of Medway, Mass., 
came on foot through the wilderness and commenced a clearing in the north- 
east part of the town, on the land now owned by N. J. Aldrich & Co., in the 
year 1795. After working together for a time Mr. Guild, in felling a tree, 
nearly killed Mr. Morse in its fall. This aroused a suspicion in the mind of 
Morse that Guild wished to get rid of him ; so they divided their land, each 
hving on his own part, Mr. Guild died March i, 1839, aged 53 years. Mr. 
Morse died May 14, 1846, aged 71 years. 

PhiHp Billings, from Sunderlin, Mass., came to Shrewsbury in October of 
1783, locating upon the farm now owned by Enoch Smith, of Clarendon. 
Mr. Billings was an old Revolutionary soldier and resided in the town until 
his death, in October, 1808. The house built by him, in 1794, is still stand- 
ing in a state of good preservation. He had a family of three children, 
Jonathan, David and Lovisa. Frankhn, son of David, born April 19, 1807, 
is now a resident of Rutland, at the age of 74. 

Among the natives of Shrewsbury, who have become men of note in other 
localities, may be mentioned the names of Austin P. and Clark W. Story, 
sons of J. B. Story, of Cuttingsville, who are now prominent men of Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio. Austin P. is president of the Ross County Bank ; also an ex- 
tensive farmer and tanner, and one of the leading men of the place. Clark 
W. is one of the wide-awake business men of the place, now doing the 
largest dry goods and carpet business in that county. 

The first school-house in town was built in the woods, near Willard Smith's, 
made of logs, the site still being used for the same purpose. Capt. John 
Kilburn kept the first school. The first resident clergyman of the town was 
Rev. Moses Winchester, who was born in Westmoreland, N. H., March i, 
1798. He came to Shrewsbury when he was 18 years of age and com- 
menced to preach the Christian theology. He did not have a theological 
education, but was a very devoted christian and an earnest preacher. He 
was the first installed minister over a church in town, and drew the minis- 



terial land. He was very much loved by the people, although a little 
pecuHar in some things. At one time he went to a neighbor's for a visit. 
When they came to sit down to tea, the lady said that she "had nothing fit 
to eat." He told her if she had nothing fit to eat that he would not eat any- 
thing; so he got up from the table and went without his supper. He died 
March 6, 1868, aged "three score years and ten." 

The first church built in town was the Uiiivenalist Church at Shrewsbury 
village, erected in 1804. The Universalist church society was organized by 
John Kilburn, Jr., in 1807, with thirty-two members. The society now num- 
bers only about twenty-five, with Rev. Geo. S. Gurnsey as pastor. 

The First Christian Church, located at North Shrewsbury, was organized 
Nov. 9, 1822, by a council composed of Pearl Parker, Jonah Aldrich and 
forty-two others. Rev. Noah Johnson was the first pastor. The society now 
numbers about twenty-five members, and has no regular pastor. The house 
of worship was not erected until 1S41, and is valued, including grounds, at 
about $1,000.00. The house will comfortably seat 300 persons. 

The Union Church, located at Cuttingsville, was originally organized in 
1842 by the Congregational and Baptist societies, few in numbers, yet brave 
in action. They struggled to maintain the church until depleted by death 
and removals, they could no longer sustain religious worship. At this crisis 
in 1859, th^ trustees gave the Methodist Society permission to occupy the 
church, and it was reorganized as a Methodist church, although the it^- who 
were interested in rehgious work of all evangelical denominations joined hands 
in the good work. The building was erected in 1842, with Rev. M. A. 
Wicker ^s pastor. Rev. J. E. Knapp is the present pastor, with a member- 
ship of about twenty. The building is valued at about $1,000.00, will 
comfortably seat 250 persons, and is still owned by the Baptist and Congre- 
gational Association of Vermont. 

The Second Advent Church, located at North Shrewsbury, was organized by 
its first pastor. Rev. W. I. Blanchard, with eight members, on the 8th of 
April, 1878. The society now numbers thirteen members, who hold their 
meetings in the Christian church, with Rev. W. O. Bibbins acting pastor. 

SkUDBURY is located in the north-west corner of the County in lat. 
^^ 43° 47' and long. 3° 54' east from Washington, and is bounded north 
^^ by Whiting in Addison County, east by Benson, south by Hubbardton, 
and west by Orwell in Addison County. (Orwell formerly belonged to 
Rutland County, but was annexed to Addison by an Act of the Legislature 
November 13, 1847.) It was chartered August 6, 1761, by Benning Went- 
worth of New Hampshire, and contained 13,426 acres. Just at what date 
the township was organized, we are unable to state. The first records of 
any town-meeting dates back to January 15, 1789, at which John Hall was 
chosen moderator ; but this was not the first meeting held, for some pages 
in the fore part of the book of records are missing. 


The surface is broken and uneven ; a high ridge of hills extending through 
the township from north to south forms the watershed of the country, dis- 
charging the streams of the eastern part into Otter Creek, while those in the 
western section find their way into Lake Champlain. There is much good 
farming land in the town, situated westerly in the valleys of the several 
streams; while the hillsides afford pasturage for numerous herds of sheep 
and cattle, forming the principal wealth of the people. The soil is mostly a 
rich loam, producing wheat, oats, rye, buckwheat, Indian corn, potatoes and 
hay. The land is irrigated by numerous streams, but none except Otter 
Creek of any considerable size. This stream enters the township at the 
north-east corner, and traverses about one-half the eastern part of the town^ 
where it enters Brandon. Several very handsome little ponds lie distributed 
over the surface of the country, which, as they lie nestled among the hills, 
lend a charm and beauty to the scenery of the town that has become pro- 
verbial, and which attracts hundreds each summer from the crowded cities 
to these healthful hills. Lake Hortonia in the south-west part of the town, 
extending into Hubbardton, is the largest sheet, being about two miles in 
length by a half in width. Of the others. High and Burr ponds in the south 
part, and Huff Pond in the central, are the largest. The timber is prin- 
cipally pine, beech and maple. 

In 1880, Sudbury had a population of 562, and was divided into five 
school districts and contained five common schools, employing three male 
and seven female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $623.00. There were 
155 pupils attending common school, and the total amount expended for 
schools during the year ending October 31st, was $694.87. Mr. W. J. 
Sawyer was school superintendent. 

Sudbury, (p. o.) a small hamlet located in the western part of the town, 
contains one hotel, one church, one store and about fifteen dweUings. 

Burr's saw mill, located in the south part of the town, is the only saw mill 
in the township. It is situated on the outlet of Burr Pond, and has the same 
frame that was built seventy-two years ago, which is in good condition yet. 
Roger Burr settled here in 1784, the farm now being occupied by his son, 
Asahel Burr. He was a soldier in the war of the Revolution, where he 
served three years ; he was a very enterprising man, and took an active part 
in building the first church in town in 1807. The timber was mostly cut on 
his land and sawed at his mill. When he came here there was no house in 
the township south of the present hamlet of Sudbury, and the surface was 
covered with a dense wilderness. He built a small camp, where he resided 
until he could build a log house. Wild animals were numerous, and for a 
long time he could scarcely keep any sheep on account of the wolves. Mr. 
Burr died in December, 1837, at an advanced age. His son, Roger, still 
retains the old homestead and mill, and although 87 years of age, he still 
retains his mental faculties wonderfully well. He was present at the battle 
of Plattsburgh, which occurred when he was 2 1 years of age. 


The first hotel in town was kept by Mills, and was located on the 

present site of the Hyde Hotel, about one mile south of Sudbury hamlet, and 
was sold to Mr. Pitt W. Hyde by Mills, in 1801. Mr. Hyde immediately 
made improvements, and it soon became, and still is, one of the most popu- 
lar summer resorts in New England. It is located in a beautiful valley, and 
is 80x150 feet and five stories high, containing about ninety sleeping apart- 
ments, with a dining-room capable of seating at family tables, 200 guests, 
is supplied with all modern improvements, and has connected with it two 
cottages. A three- story building, 46x60 feet, the lower floor of which is to be 
used as a concert hall or opera house, furnished with a very fine stage 35x1 5 feet 
in dimensions, has been erected this season (1881.) The hotel is open from 
May until November, during which time it is thronged with guests. The 
Hyde family figured conspicuously in the early history of the town ; Pitt W. 
Hyde, fifth son of Capt. Jedediah Hyde, was born in Norwich, Conn., and 
settled in Sudbury in 1801. He was the father of James K. Hyde, who 
succeeded him in the proprietorship of the hotel. James, for many years 
one of the most popular hotel keepers in the State, was judge of the county 
court, and held many other responsible positions. Pitt W. died at the age 
of 45 years. Hon. James K. Hyde died of typhoid pneumonia, Sept. 21, 
1870, aged 68 years. His son, A. W. Hyde, is the present proprietor of the 
hotel. Thomas W. Hyde came to Sudbury in 1808, from Mapletown, N.Y., 
settHng on road 28, just north of the Hyde Hotel, on the farm now owned 
by Rodney Barber. He was justice of the peace many years, also selectman, 
and held other responsible positions in the township. His son, WiUiam P. 
Hyde, aged 67, is still a resident of the town. Thomas W. died February 
32, 1865, in the 91st year of his age. 

A number of settlements had been made in the town previous to the war 
of the Revolution, but at the breaking out of this war, the town was deserted, 
and so remained until after peace was declared, when the settlers began to 
return again. 

Benoni Griffin came to Vermont from Simsbury, Conn., stopping a few 
years in Castleton, from whence he removed to Sudbury in 1799, settling on 
the farm now owned by his son Benoni, Jr. The old house which Mr, Grifiin 
built about 80 years ago, is still standing. There was also a house on the 
place when Mr. Griffin bought it, which was built some years previous, by 
Andrew Gates who owned several hundred acres of land in this vicinity. Mr. 
Griffin had no political aspirations, but was valued by his neighbors for his 
sound judgment and good sense, being often called upon by them to apprize 
property, as cattle and grain were here a legal tender at that time. Mr. 
Griffin was twice married, and by his second wife had five children, none of 
whom now reside in the township, except Benoni, Jr., who is the present 
town Representative, and has been a popular man in town for many years. 
The old Military Road enters Sudbury in the south-east part of the town, 
traversing it in a north-westerly direction, and passes out again at the north- 



west corner. It was over this road that the munitions of war were carried 
from Bennington to Ticonderoga in the Revolutionary times, and it was after- 
wards used by the settlers before other roads were laid out, the " old turn- 
pike" not being built until many years after. Near this road, on the farm of 
Mr. Griffin is a famous spring of clear cold water, called "Cold Spring." It 
is related that on one occasion a party of Indians were passing through the 
the town with two prisoners, one of them a very large, and the other a very 
small man. The larger one was afflicted with a very sore foot, upon which 
his red captors, out of pure malice, would jump and stamp. This so exas- 
perated his small companion, that he warned them in no very choice language 
that it would not be well for them to attempt the same experiment with him ; 
at this, one of them stung by his taunts attempted it, and was immediately 
knocked down by the plucky little fellow. This act was loudly applauded by 
the discomfited Indian's companions, and the prisoner was molested no more. 
They soon after arrived at Cold Spring, and while several of them were stooped 
down to drink, the small man suddenly picked up a dog belonging to the 
Indians, and from an eminence of several feet, hurled it down upon their 
heads. For these acts of bravery he was much petted by the Indians, and 
finally allowed his Hberty. A little south of the spring there was once an 
Indian camp, where many Indian relics have since been found, arrow heads, 
finished and unfinished, stone pestles for pounding corn, many of them decorated 
with antique designs, stone images, etc. Cold Spring is also the site of an 
encampment of the Continental army, many relics having been plowed up, 
consisting of bayonets, ramrods, knives, and upon one occasion a large cop- 
per camp-kettle. It is also related that many years ago, an old Revolutionary 
soldier named Enos, journeyed hither from a distant part of the State, just 
for the purpose of once more drinking from the old spring. 

During the late war, Mr. Grifiin was a recruiting-officer for this town, the 
enlisted men being assigned to different companies and regiments. One, 
Alva Allen, from this town, suffered for a long time at Libby Prison, and 
when at last released, his Hfe was despaired of by the physicians ; but he ulti- 
mately recovered and is now a resident of the township. 

Peter Reynolds was one of the early settlers, having come into the town 
by the way of Otter Creek, traveling on the ice, and built a tent on the line 
between Brandon and Sudbury, subsequently settling in Brandon ; but the 
high water the next spring drove him out, and he crossed the creek on a raft 
and settled in Sudbury, where he was justice of the peace many years, and 
held several other town offices. 

John C. Sawyer was born m Brandon, January 17, 1800. When he was 
four years of age he was adopted by David Layton, of Sudbury, and has re- 
sided in this town ever since. Mr. Layton, his foster father, settled on road 
4, corner of 5, upon the farm originally settled by one David Smith. Mr. 
Layton, dying without issue, the property reverted to Mr. Sawyer. Mr. Saw- 
yer was twice married, having by his first wife, Lois Rhodes, of Stafford, Vt., 


one son, David Layton Sawyer. For his second wife he married the 
widow of Charles Rhodes, of Sudbury, who was an uncle to Stephen A. 
Douglass. David Layton operated a tannery, manufactured potash, and was 
a hatter, located on road 4, a little north of the " Sawyer Stand," which was 
at that time a place of some considerable note, it being the " half-way 
house " from Brandon to Orwell, and a station on the old stage-road from 
Vergennes to Whitehall, and from Rutland to Lake Champlain, all the goods 
from the iron-works of Brandon and Pittsford being transported over it to the 

Thomas Ketcham, born February 8, 1748, died May 19, 1834, aged 86 
years. He immigrated from Dutchess County, N. Y., to Sudbury at a very early 
date in the history of the township, and was the father of twelve children. 
Maj. Barnard Ketcham, son of Thomas, located on road i, corner road 2, 
where he married a daughter of Aaron Jackson. The Major was one of the 
most prominent men in the township, having held offices of various ranks, 
both civil and miUtary, and at the time of his death was one of the most 
wealthy men in the township. The descendants of Thomas Ketcham are 
very numerous, and scattej-ed in various parts of the State and country. 

Aaron Jackson was also one of the earhest settlers, havmg located on 
road I. It is claimed he built the first frame house in town, the lumber 
being rafted from Sutherland Falls to Miller's Bridge, in this town, from 
whence it was conveyed through the wilderness, the way being traced by the 
means of marked trees. He also had the first oven in town, wherein was 
baked the first loaf of bread made from wheat grown in the township, and is 
also accredited with manufacturing the first cheese. At the age of sixteen, 
together with his father and a younger brother, he entered the Continental 
army, being present at the battle of Bunker Hill, where he received a sun- 
stroke, from which he never fully recovered. He died in Sudbury at the 
early age of 44. John Jackson and Judge Joseph Warren were proprietors 
of the first store kept in the town, which was located on the site of the pres- 
ent store kept by N. F. Bucklin. 

Capt. Pearse was an early settler, having located on the farm now owned 
by M. H. Landon, his old log house having stood just back of where the 
barn now stands. He also built the house now occupied by Smith Germond, 
and is the one in which Pearse's death occurred. 

Charles Young came from Athal, Mass., settfing in Sudbury about the 
year 1805, upon the farm now owned by his son. Simeon Young located on 
road ;^^, where he resided until his death, which occurred on December 30 
1863, aged 75 years. 

Timothy Miller came to Sudbury from Massachusetts in 1771, settling on 
the land now owned by Andrew Steele ; but afterwards located at the west 
end of what is now known as Miller's Bridge, where he built a log house in 
which he resided three years, when the Indians became so troublesome he 
was again obhged to move, and did not return until after the Revolution. 


He was a very public spirited man, and was justice of the peace a number 
of years, dying in 1825, aged 75 years. 

Isaac HuiT, born in 1744, came to Sudbury from Nine Partners, N. Y., in 
1790, and rented a place on road 22, where Steele's cider mill now stands, 
at which place he remained one year. During that time he cleared enough 
land on road 20, upon which to build a log house. In this house he dwelt 
until 181 2, when he erected a frame house in the same vicinity, which is now 
occupied by his grandsons, Benj. F. and John Huff. He died in 1821, aged 
77 years, leaving six children as follows: — Israel, Lawrence, James and Elhs, 
and two daughters, Susan and Rebecca, most of whom removed to the West. 
James remained on the old homestead which is now occupied by his sons. 
The old farm house has undergone no change of any account, and is now a 
very comfortable structure. At the time Isaac came here there were no 
roads in the township, he having to travel through the forest, finding his way 
by means of marked trees. James Uved to the age of 73 years and 1 1 
months, marrying for his first wife, Lucy Reynolds, unto whom was born one 
daughter, (now Clark Morton's wife,) and three sons, Andrew J., Benj. F. and 

Gideon Morton was born in Orwell, Addison County, in 1789, and died in 
Sudbury, April 2, 1870, aged 83. He purchased the farm now ov,?ned by 
Solon Bresee, located on road 31, early in the present century, upon which 
he resided until 1843, when he removed to road 20, where his son, Benjamin 
L., now resides. Mr. M. was a physician by profession, and at his death left 
three daughters and two sons. 

Reuben Allen settled on road 25 at an early date, where he resided until 
his death at an advanced age. At the time of the battle of Plattsburgh, 
during the war of 181 2, although Reuben was much too old for mihtary duty, 
he shouldered his gun and started for the scene of strife. 

Dea. Eli Roys settled on road 19, where C. C. Selleck now resides, in 
1790. He was a noted trapper and hunter, and once caught a wolf on the 
spot where the Sudbury meeting-house now stands. 

On the land owned by Marcellus Landon, there was a signal post estab- 
lished in 1879, although no observations have yet been made. It is the 
highest point of land in the township, and affords a magnificent view of the 
surrounding country. From here can be seen Lake Champlain, Ticonderoga, 
Crown Point, Fort Henry, Middlebury, Brandon, and the line of the Green 
Mountains, as well as many other points of interest. 

On road 25, near road 21, there is a cemetery beautifully located, where 
are buried the remains of many of the early settlers, also containing a very 
fine tomb, erected by Nathaniel Jackson. On the gravestones can be seen 
the names of Benoni Grifiin, Elias Ketcham, Noah Merritt, Zebediah John- 
son, Asahel, Joseph and Abijah Williams, and some of the Landons. 

On the I St of April, 1881, about ten o'clock in the evening, Mr. James K. 
Foster's house, located on road 5, corner of road 6, burned to the ground, 


making the fifth time he had suffered in this manner during a period of seven 

In district No. 2, there was a brick building erected to be used both as a 
church and school-house, being the first school building erected in the town- 
ship. The upper part of the building was built at the expense of Barnard 
Ketcham, David Layton and Enoch Smith, while the lower part was built by 
the district. 

The First Congregatiotial C/u/rc/i, located at Sudbury hamlet, was organ- 
ized in 1803, and had for its first pastor Silas Persons. The church building 
was erected in 1807, the land, consisting of about two acres, being donated 
by ApoUos RoUo. The upper part is now used for church services, and the 
lower part as a town hall. It is valued at about $1,500. The society has 
no settled pastor at present. 

m|INMOUTH lies in the southern part of the county, in lat. 43^ 27' and 

"^^ long. 4'' 2' east from Washington, and is bounded north by Clarendon 

w and Ira, east by Wallingford, south by Danby, and west by Wells and 

Middletown. It was chartered by the Governor of New Hampshire, Sept. 

15th, 1 76 1, to Joseph Hooker and others. The following is an extract copy 

of the charter-deed, which we insert for the reason that it is about the form 

used in chartering all the towns, and maybe an object of interest to many: — 


George the Third, 

By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender 

of the Faith, &c. 

To ALL Persons to whom these Presents shall come : 


" KNOW YE, That we of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere 
motion for the due encouragement of settling a new Plantation within our 
said Province, by and with the advice of our trusty and well-beloved Penning 
Wentworth, Esq., our Governor and Commander of our said Province of 
New Hampshire in New England, and of our Council of the said province, 
have upon the conditions and reservations hereinafter made, given and 
granted, and by these Presents for us, our Heirs, and successors, do give and 
grant in equal shares, unto our Loving Subjects, Inhabitants of our said 
Province of New Hampshire and our other Governments, and to their Heirs 
and assignees forever, whose names are entered on this grant, to be divided 
to and among them into seventy equal shares ; all that tract or Parcel of lijnd, 
situate Lying and being within our said Province of New Hampshire, con- 
taining by a measurement twenty-three Thousand and forty acres, which 
tract is to contain six miles square and no more, out of which an allowance 
is to be made for High Ways and unimprovable Lands by Rocks, Ponds, 
Mountains and Rivers, One Thousand and forty acres free, according to a 
plan and survey thereof, made by our said Governor's orders and returned 
into the secretary's oftice, and hereunto annexed, butted, and bounded as 
follows : — 

" Beginning at the North-East corner of Pawlet and running from thence 
due east six miles, from thence Turning off at Right Angles and running due 


South six miles to the North East Corner of Danby, thence running due 
West by Danby six miles to the north-west corner thereof, Being the Bounds 
began at. And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Town- 
ship by the name of Tinmouth and the Inhabitants that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit the said Township, are hereby declared to be enfranchised with and 
Entitled to every and all tlie Privileges and Immunities that other Towns 
within our Province by law exercise and enjoy : And further, that the said 
Town as soon as there shall be fifty families resident and settled thereon, 
have the Liberty of holding two fairs, one of which shall be held on the 
And the other on the annually, which Fairs are not to con- 
tinue longer than the respective following the said and that as 

soon as the said Town shall consist of Eifty Famihes a market maybe opened 
and kept one or more days in each week, as may be thought most advan- 
tageous to the inhabitants. Also that the first meeting for the choice of 
Town Officers, Agreeable to the laws of our said Province shall be held on 
the Second Monday of October next, which said meeting shall be notified by 
Jared Lee, Esq., who is hereby also appointed the Moderator of the said first 
meeting which he is to notify and govern agreeable to the laws and Customs 
of our said Province ; and that the annual meeting forever hereafter for the 
choice of such offices for the said town, shall be on the Second Tuesday in 
March annually. To HAVE and to HOLD the said tract of land as above 
expressed, together with all Privileges and Appurtenances, to them and their 
respective Heirs and Assigns forever upon the following conditions, viz : — 

" I. That every Grantee, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate five 
acres of land within the term of five years for every fifty acres contained in 
his or their share or proportion of land in said township, and continue to 
improve and settle the same by Additional Cultivations, on Penalty of the 
forfeiture of his grant or share in the said township, and of its reverting to 
us, our Heirs and successors to be by us or them Regranted to such of our 
subjects as shall effectually settle and cultivate the same. 

"II. That all white and other Pine trees within the said township fit for 
Masting our Royal Navy, be carefully preserved for that use, and none to be 
cut or felled without our Special License for so doing first had and obtained, 
upon penalty of the forfeiture of the right of such Grantee, his Heirs and 
Assigns, to us, our Heirs and successors, as well as being subject to the 
penalty of any such act or acts of Parliament that now are or hereafter shall 
be enacted. 

"III. That before any division of the land be made to and among the 
Grantees, a tract of land near the centre of said Township as the land will 
admit of, shall be reserved and marked for Town lots, one of which shall be 
allowed to each Grantee of the contents of one acre ; 

" IV. Yielding and paying therefor to us, our Heirs and successors for the 
space of ten years, to be computed from the date hereof, the Rent of one ear 
of Indian corn annually, if lawfully demanded, the first payment to be made 
on the Twenty Eifth day of December, 1762. 

" V. Every proprietor, settler, and inhabitant shall yield and pay unto us, 
our Heirs and successors yearly, and every year forever, from and after the 
expiration of ten years from the aforesaid 25th day of December — namely, 
on the 25th day of December, which will be in the year of our Lord 1772, 
one shilhng proclamation money for every hundred acres he so owns, settles 
or possesses, and so in proportion for a greater or lesser tract of the said 
land, which money shall be paid by the respective persons above said, their 
Heirs or Assigns in our Council Chamber in Portsmouth, or to such officers as 


shall be appointed to receive the same, and be in lieu of all other rents and 
services whatsoever. In testimony whereof we have caused the seal of our 
said Province to be hereunto affixed. 

"Witness, BENNING WENTWORTH, Esc,)., our Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of our said Province, the fifteenth day of September, 
in the year of our Lord CHRIST, One Thousand Seven Hundred and 
Sixty-one, and in the first year of our Reign. 

Command with Advice 
of Council. 

Theodore I. Atkinson, Secretary." 

The township was granted in seventy shares, with the following five shares 
reserved : " One tract to contain 500 acres, marked on the map B. W., for 
His Excellency, Benning Wentworth, Esq." One share for the incorporated 
society for the "Propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts," one share for 
a glebe for the Church of England, one share for the first settled min- 
ister, and one share for the benefit of schools in said town. A part of the 
township was taken oft" in forming Middletown in 1784, and a part given to 
Wallingford in 1793, so that the township now contains only about 17,280 
acres, or about three-fourths of its original area. Although the charter says 
that the first town meeting shall be held in 1762, it was not obeyed, and the 
town was not organized until March 8, 1774, at which meeting Charles 
Brewster was chosen town clerk. 

The surface of Tinmouth is rather broken and mountainous. Extending 
across the whole length of the town from north to south, is a range of moun- 
tains which forms a natural division into "East" and "West Town." In 
the east part of the town this range is called West Mountain, while in the 
western part it is called East Mountain. West of this range is a fertile val- 
ley, affording fine farming and grazing land, while to the east of it Hes the 
valley of the Tinmouth River, which is very fertile. This is the principal 
stream of the town, rising in a little lakelet, called Tinmouth Pond, in the 
south-eastern part of the township, and flows a northerly course through 
Clarendon and unites with Otter Creek in Rutland. There are numerous 
streams throughout the town that have their sources among the mountain- 
springs, but none of them of much importance except to irrigate the soil. 
In the east part of the town there are found considerable deposits of iron 
ore and some good grades of marble, but they cannot be practically worked 
on account of their distance from a railroad. There was a furnace located 
here at one time for smelting the ore, but was abandoned in 1837. 

The timber of the town is mostly beech, birch, maple and white ash, with 
some spruce, cedar, etc. The soil is varied between slate, loam and cobble. 
In the western part farming is the principal pursuit, while in the eastern 
dairying exceeds the grain-growing interests. Nearly all the inhabitants are 
in comfortable circumstances, and many wealthy; there being but very few 
poor people in the town. Maple sugar and products of the dairy form the 


principal exports. In 1880 Tinmouth had a population of 532, and was 
divided into seven school districts and had six common schools, employing 
four male and eleven female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $731.38. 
There were 120 pupils attending common schools, and the total cost of the 
schools for the year ending October 31st, was $806.29. Mr. Clark Norton 
was superintendent. 

Tinmouth (p. o.) is a hamlet, near the centre of the town, and contains one 
store ; the mail leaving and returning by the way of Wallingford, three 
times each week, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. 

H. Clark's cheese factory, located in the south-west part of the town, on 
road 33, was built in 1867. Mr. Clark employs two men, uses the milk from 
200 cows, and manufactures 60.000 pounds of cheese per annum. 

Union Cheese Factory, located in West Tinmouth, on road 13, is operated 
by a stock company. They use the milk of 250 cows and manufacture 
60,000 pounds of cheese per annum. 

Packard's saiv and grist-mill is located near the centre of the town, on 
road 19. The grist-mill has one run of stones, and the saw-mill one circular 
saw, which cuts five to eight thousand feet of lumber per day. Mr. Packard 
does mostly custom work in both mills. 

Cold Spring Cheese Factory, located one-half mile east of the centre of 
the town, on road 19, was organized in 1873 by a stock company, with 
$2,450 capital. It uses the milk from 400 cows and manufactures 100,000 
pounds of cheese per annum. 

Hoadleys saw and grist-mill, located about one mile south of the centre 
part of the town, on road 22, operates one run of stones and one saw, doing 
only custom-work. 

Maranville' s saw mill, located in the north-west part of the town, on road 
II, is a custom-mill, and uses only one saw. 

Eureka Cheese Factory, located in the north-east part of the town, on road 
7, was built in 1875 by a stock company. It uses the milk of 230 cows and 
manufactures 65,000 pounds of cheese per annum. 

Valentine Cheese Factory, located in the eastern part of the town, owned 
by Linus E. and Edmund Valentine, was built in 1875, ^^d uses the milk 
from eighty cows. 

Stinehour's saw and grist-mill, located near the centre of the town, owned 
by Nelson Stinehour, has one run of stones and the capacity for cutting 
2,000 to 3,000 feet of lumber per day. 

JVest llnmoiith Cheese Factory, located in the south-western part of the 
town, owned and operated by Elkanah Parris, uses the milk from 175 cows 
per year. 

Many of the first settlers of Tinmouth came from Salisbury, Conn. Just 
at what date they came we are unable to state, but probably not long after 
1 761, when the town was chartered. At the first settlement a number of fam- 
ilies came simultaneously, so there is no particular family that can claim the 


honor of having the first inhabitant as an ancestor. Among these famiUes 
were those of Charles Brewster, John Spofford, John McNeal, John Trim, 
Samuel Chipman, James Adams and Benjamin Chandler. At the first town 
meeting, John McNeal was chosen moderator ; Charles Brewster, clerk ; and 
these two, with James Adams, selectmen. A short time after this, Ebenezer 
Allen and Stephen Royce came into the town, and were subsequently ap- 
pointed delegates from Tinmouth to the first convention that was assembled 
to declare the New Hampshire Grants an independent State, and which was 
held in Dorset, at the house of Cephas Kent, July 24, 1776. Ebenezer Allen 
and Chas. Brewster were delegates to the convention that assembled at Windsor 
in July, 1777, and adopted the Constitution of Vermont. About 1778, Ehhu 
Clark, Jonathan Bell, Thomas Porter, Obadiah Noble, Samuel Mattocks 
and Ebenezer Marvin moved into the town. Charles Brewster was the 
first Representative sent to the Legislature. He was also appointed 
a judge of the Special Court which was created for the Rutland 
shire of Bennington County, before Rutland County was organized. 
Col. John Spofford was a member of the convention that shaped the Consti 
tution of the U. S. preparatory to admitting Vermont into the Union. Ben- 
jamin Chandler was killed at the Battle of Bennington, the only one from 
Tinmouth killed at that battle. On the 1 7th of February, 1777, the inhabitants 
of Tinmouth held a meeting at which was "voted not to raise money towards 
paying Seth Warner's regiment." This led to the following oath of allegiance 
being imposed upon the town : — 

"You each of you swear, by the Hving God, that you believe for your- 
selves, that the King of Great Britain hath not any right to command, or 
authority in or over the States of America, and that you do not hold your- 
selves bound to yield any allegiance or obedience to him within the 
same, and that you will, to the utmost of your power, maintain and defend 
the freedom, independence and privileges of the United States of America, 
against all open enemies, or traitors, or conspirators whatsoever; so help 
you God." 

In the same year John Irish was shot by the Revolutionary soldiers Elisha 
Clark, John Train and Mr Cleff, he having been suspected by them of being 
a Tory and spy. He was buried in the north-east part of the town. 

At the surrender of Ticonderoga to the British, on the ist of July, 1777, a 
greater part of the inhabitants of Tinmouth moved into ArHngton, Shafts- 
bury and Bennington, and indeed to any place where they could find safety, 
returning again, most of them, when Burgoyne left this section. 

The first marriage that is recorded in the record of marriages is that of 
Daniel Burr and Flora Warrenner, July 9, 1804. The first birth was that of 
Hannah, daughter of Rachel and Solomon Bingham, born July 8, 1774. The 
first death was that of an infant of Thomas and Peak, in 1770. 

At the organization of Rutland County, in 1781, Tinmouth was selected 
as the county seat, which dignity it retained until 1784 ; after this the courts 
were held at Rutland. The first State treasury was also located here, at the 
residence of the treasurer, Mr. Mattocks. The room used for this purpose 


is twenty feet long and six feet wide, lighted by two windows. It is still in a 
good state of preservation. The building is located in the north-east part of 
the town, on road 7, and is now owned and occupied by Mr. J. H. Round. 

Nathaniel Chipman was born in Salisbury, Conn., Nov. 15, 1752, and his 
father removed to Tin mouth among the first settlers. Nathaniel was edu- 
cated at New Haven, and admitted to the Bar in Connecticut some time 
during March, 1779. He was married in March, 1781, and went immediately 
into possession of his father's farm in Tin mouth, where he built a forge for 
the manufacture of bar iron, but finally sold out to his brother, Darius, and 
removed to Rutland, where he resided until 1803, when he rebought 
the Tinmouth farm, where he resided until his death, Feb. 15, 1843. He 
represented the town of Tinmouth in the Legislature eight years, was two 
years judge of the District Court, six years judge of the Supreme Court of this 
State, and six years a senator in Congress. Judge Chipman, as a jurist, was 
not surpassed by any of his contemporaries. He lived to the age of 90, his 
mind strong and vigorous to the last. On Oct. 3, 1873, a monument was 
dedicated to his memory, furnished by the State of Vermont. The monu- 
ment is 22 feet high from bottom of base to top of shaft, the base being of 
white and the column of clouded marble. It stands on a commanding 
eminence, about one-half mile east of the hamlet, and is surrounded by a 
handsome iron fence. It bears the following inscription : — 

" State of Vermont, 


Nathaniel Chipman, 

Born in Sahsbury, Conn., 

November 15, 1752. 

Died in Tinmouth, Vt., 

February 15th, 1843. 

A principal founder of the civil institutions of 

this State, and framer of its fundamental laws. 

Eminent as a Lawyer, Judge, Legislator and 

Statesman, for his ability, learning and fidehty, 

and as a citizen for his purity of life. 

Graduated at Yale College, 1777. 

An oflicer in the war of the Revolution. 

Came to Tinmouth, April 10, 1779. 

A member of the Rutland County Bar. 

Chief Justice of Vermont for five years. 

U. S. District Judge two years. 

U. S. Senator six years. 

One of the commissioners who negotiated 

the admission of Vermont into the 

Union, 1791." 

Hon. Obadiah Noble died in 1864, aged 87 years. He was a justice of 

the peace in Tinmouth for thirty-eight years ; was register of probate in 

1799, was judge of probate from 1814 to 1828, assistant judge of the county 

court from 1839 to 1842 inclusive, and represented the town of Tinmouth in 

the years 1811, 181 2, 181 5, 181 6, 1820 and 1830; was Senator from this 


county in 1838 and 1839 ; was member of the Council of Censors in 1827, 
and member of the Constitutional Conventions of 1828 and 1836. He was 
a man of eminent good sense and practical judgment, of retentive memory, 
and possessed of genial and kindly feelings and a spotless character. 

John Spofiford, one of the first settlers, was born August 31, 1752, and 
married Mary Baldwin, of Salisbury, March 19, 1772. He died April 24, 
1823, aged 71. Mary, by whom he had twelve children, died September 9, 
1842, aged 92. 

Samuel L. Valentine came to this town from Massachusetts in 1814, 
locating in the southern part, on road 24, where he resided until his death, in 
1856. P'ive of his eleven children are now residents of the town. 

Neri Cramton, born in Litchfield, Conn., in 1743, came to Tinmouth a 
short time previous to the Revolution, locating about one mile north of the 
hamlet. He was a revolutionary soldier, and much respected by his fellow- 
citizens. Several of his descendants are still residing in the town. 

Ebenezer Campbell came to this town at an early date, where he practiced 
medicine most of his hfe, dying May 2, 1849. His son. Dexter, was born in 
the south-east part of the town, in 1809, where he has resided up to the 
present time. 

John Woods came from Rhode Island to this town in 1805, locating in 
the southern part, where he resided until his death, in April, x86i. His son, 
John C, still resides near the old homestead, 

George Capron came to Tinmouth in 1798, settHng near the center of the 
town, where he resided until his death, in 1861, at the age of 83. He held 
the ofiice of town clerk forty years. His son, George, is still a resident of 
the town. 

John Cobb came to Tinmouth in 1814, locating near the hamlet, where he 
resided until his death, in 1875. Lyman Cobb, son of John, is still a resident 
of the town. 

George Round, born in Rhode Island, February 12, 1746, emigrated to 
Clarendon in 1775, where his son Nathan was born, May 24, 1786. Judah 
H., son of Nathan, was born in Clarendon in 1808, and came to Tinmouth 
in 1 81 5, where he still resides. 

Stephen Rice came, to this town at an early date. His grandson, Levi, is 
still a resident, being proprietor of the only store in town, having been in the 
business thirty years. 

Payne Gilbert came to this town from Brookfield, Mass., in the early part 
of the present century, locating in the east part of the town. His son, 
Leonard, born October 30, 1804, resided in the town all his life, dying 
October 27, 1877. 

Alvin Hoadley came to this town in 1805, locating at the hamlet, where 
he resided until his death, in 1863. His son, Evander, is still a resident of 
the town. 

Jared Ives came to this town with his father in 1789, locating upon the 
farm now owned by Orson Ives, where he resided until his death, in 1852. 


Archibald Norton came to this town from Connecticut about the year 1800, 
locating in the west part of the town, where he resided until his death, in 

During the late war of 1861 and 1865, Tinmouth furnished 56 soldiers, 
most of them in the 5th, 7th, loth, nth and 14th Regiments, four of them 
in cavalry and one sharp-shooter. All of them, except four, lived to get 

At a town meeting held November 3d, 1779, it was "voted that the inhab- 
itants of this town build a church, 30 feet wide, 50 feet long, and 9 feet high, 
to be built of black spruce logs and covered with four-feet shingles, to be 
completed by the first of June, 1780." This was accordingly done, and the 
building subsequently followed by the present edifice, a comfortable structure, 
capable of seating about 300 persons. In the early part of 1837 it was given 
the name of Sf. Stephen's Church of Tinmouth, (Episcopal.) William Noble 
was the first pastor, the church having very few members. It now has forty 
members, with James L. Slason, pastor. 

'ALLINGFORD is located in the south-eastern part of the county, in 
"m^ lat. 43° 27', and long. 4° 8' east from Washington, and bounded north 

w by Clarendon and Shrewsbury, east by Mt. Holly, south by Mt. Tabor 
and Danby, and west by Tinmouth, containing an area of about 23,000 acres, 
well watered by numerous streams, furnishing good mill-sites, and made pic- 
turesque by several ponds or lakes distributed over its surface. The principal 
stream is Otter Creek, which runs through the western part of the township, 
from south to north. Mill River flows through the north-eastern part, and 
Roaring Brook through nearly the whole width of the town from-east to west, 
emptying into Otter Creek just west of the village of WaUingford. The 
largest pond, or lake, lies in the south-eastern part of the town, on the moun- 
tains, covering an area of about 350 acres, and called Lake Hiram, or Wal- 
lingford Pond. About a mile and a half to the south-west of this is another, 
covering about fifty acres, called Little Pond. Nearly opposite the village of 
WaUingford, and west of the creek, is another beautiful little sheet of water, 
covering about 100 acres, called Fox Pond. The whole town is peculiarly 
rich and varied in scenery; in the eastern section the Green Mountains rise 
in their grandeur, the highest ridge of which is here called " The White 
Rocks." Another elevation, near the centre of the town, and which is sepa- 
rate from the mountains, is called " Green Hill," and covers a large area, 
composed of quartz rock, cropping out frequently in ledges. At the foot of 
White Rock an ice-bed forms among the broken rocks, which remains during 
the entire summer. 

WaUingford was chartered by New Hampshire, November 27, 1761; the 
proprietors also obtaining a charter from New York. The first proprietors' 
meeting was held at WaUingford, Connecticut, September 12, 1772, with 

Captain Ehakim Hall, moderator. The town was organized March 10, 1778, 



with Abraham Ives, moderator; Abraham Jackson Jr., clerk; Joseph Jack- 
son, Abraham Ives and Jonah Ives, committee. The boundaries of the 
township have since been changed. October 31, 1792, 3,388 acres were taken 
from it to form, with Jackson's Gore and a portion of I.udlow, the township 
of Mt. Holly. Again, October 19, 1793, the Legislature passed an Act an- 
nexing to Wallingford a portion of the town of Tinmouth. This Act annexed 
that portion of the town called " West Hill," and was a full equivalent to 
Wallingford for all that had been taken from its eastern side. 

The soil on the lower lands is very rich and productive, especially along 
Otter Creek, where are situated some as beautiful farms as are to be found 
in the State. The higher lands were originally densely covered with heavy 
timber, while the lower lands were covered with deep swamps and thick 
jungles. Otter Creek was a black, sluggish stream, often dammed with drift- 
wood, when it flooded the swamp for acres — the paradise of mosquitoes. 
In the very midst of what was then the swamp mentioned, now Hes, sur- 
rounded by broad pastures and beautiful farms, the pleasant little village of 

In 1880 the town had a population of 1,865, ^^^s divided into thirteen 
school districts and had sixteen common schools, employing two male and 
twenty female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $2^420.70. During the year 
ending October 31st, there were 419 pupils attending common school, and 
the entire cost of the schools was $2,706.36. Mr. S. H. Archibald was 

Wallingford, a post village and station on the Rutland and Bennington 
Railroad, which passes through the town from north to south, lies in the 
north-western part of the town, on Otter Creek, principally on one street 
running north and south, with the Catholic church at the northern extremity 
and the Congregational at the southern — modest though comely structures. 
It is about ten miles distant from Rutland, and contains nine stores, one 
photograph gallery, three blacksmith shops, three churches, one town hall 
one school-house, one fork factory, harness and shoe shop, grist-mill, cheese 
factory, etc., and has about 625 inhabitants. 

The fork manufactory of Batcheller & Sons, the most important manu- 
factory of the town, situated in this village, on Otter Creek, employs about 
sixty men. Their goods have a wide reputation, being shipped to nearly all 
the countries in the world where American implements have been intro- 

Wallingford Graded School, situated on School street, is a very flourish- 
ing institution, estabhshed September i, 1871. The building is very pleas- 
antly located and capable of accommodating about 150 scholars, employs 
three teachers, with Prof. William H. Shaw as principal. 

South Wallingford, a post village, situated five miles south of Walling- 
ford village, on Otter Creek, and about five miles north of Dan by, is a station 
on the B. & R. R'y, containing about twenty dwellings, one church (Union), 



one grist and saw-mill, one cheese factory, one wood-pulp mill, one store and 
an express office, railroad depot and post-office combined. There is also 
found here a quarry of very marketable marble, and the South VVallingford 
Stone Mill employs eight gangs of saws in cutting it. 

The Pioneer Pulp Mill, located at this village, was established in May, 
1880, by JuUus T. Remington and Edward P. Ely. The partnership was 
dissolved on June nth of the same year, and the works are now owned by 
Edward P. Ely. Pulp is used in the manufacture of paper, and consists of 
wood, wet and ground into a pulpy substance. Mr. Ely manufactures about 
3,000 pounds of dry pulp per day, and employs nine men. The mill is run 
by water-power, and has the convenience of a side-track from the railroad at 
the door. 

East Wallingford, a post village, situated in the eastern part of the 
town, on the Central Vermont Railroad, is about five miles distant from the 
other two villages. It has a very neat Baptist meeting-house, several stores 
and machine-shops, and is increasing in its business interests. 

Centreville, a hamlet, situated a mile and a quarter south-west of East 
Wallingford, contains ten dwellings, one saw-mill, one chair-stock mill, one 
cheese-box and butter tub factory, one blacksmith-shop and one school house. 

Gleason &^ Chilsofis cheese factory, at East Wallingford, uses the milk of 
300 cows, and manufactures 60,000 pounds of cheese per year. 

Andersotis cheese factory, established in 1879, uses the milk from 275 
cows, manufacturing about 48,000 pounds of cheese per annum. 

Pearl Cheese Factory, located one-fourth of a mile south of South Walling- 
ford, was erected in the fall of 1873, ^t a cost of $3,000. It is owned by 
Abraham R. Ames, who manufactures 100,000 pounds of cheese per year, 
from the milk of 400 cows. 

The Town Farm is located one and one- fourth miles south-west of East 
WaUingford, and contains 140 acres, under the supervision of Hiland 
Johnson. The farm usually has on an average twelve of the town-poor on 
the premises. 

Wallingford receives its name from Wallingford, Conn., where resided the 
original proprietors. Abraham Jackson is usually conceded to have been the 
first settler possessing a legal title to his lands. He settled here with his 
family in the summer of 1773, and though he, with others that settled with 
him, were the first regular settlers, they were not, as has been erroneously 
stated, the first inhabitants. Remember Baker, with a corps of assistants, 
surveyed the township in the year 1770. On the 2d day of June of that 
year he was at work in company with one, Wood, from Pawlet, (as per 
records). They commenced at the north-east corner of Danby, and after 
running two miles and sixty chains north, they heard chopping in the forest, 
to their right. They left their work, and following the sound, found, about 
forty rods to the east, on Otter Creek, a dwelling and small clearing. This 
was owned by Ephraim Seeley, undoubtedly the first inhabitant of Walling- 


ford, he having settled there, supposing he was in the town of Tinmouth. 
The site of his house was about thirty rods east of the George Earle place, 
the R. R. now running right through its old foundation. Four years after 
this, Mr. Seeley sold his improvements for ^50, and bought in Danby for 
^7, where he resided until his death, leaving numerous descendants. 

John Hopkins was one of the earHest settlers of the town, coming from 
Salem, N. Y., in the spring of 1770. He settled on West Hill, which then 
belonged in the town of Tinmouth, where he chopped and cleared two acres 
of land, and sowed it with wheat. He had no house, and slept in a hollow 
log with the ends closed to keep the wolves out. His bread was baked in 
Danby, and his rifle supplied his table with meat. The autumn of that year 
he went to Danby Corners, when he married Charity Bromly. Returning 
early the following summer he built a log house, and his wife soon after 
joined him. The wheat he had sown the fall before, he found, on his return, 
had grown so tall that he could stand in the midst of it and tie the stalks 
over his head. Mr. Hopkins resided here until his death, at an advanced 
age, and many of his descendants still reside on West Hill. The site of the 
old house was just back of the orchard, on the farm where George Hopkins 
now resides. 

In 1784 Lent Ives built the house recently occupied by Dr. John E. Hitt, 
of WaUingford village. Ives was a returned Revolutionary soldier. Previous 
to his building this house, he had hved in a log house, situated where Rebecca 
Hull now resides. In buying land on which to build, the bounds were as 
follows : — Commencing at a stake and stone on the south end of the lot 
where the Congregational chapel now stands, running south on the highway, 
to the north bank of Roaring Brook, thence up said bank to where Frank 
H. Hoadley's blacksmith shop stands, thence parallel with the west Hne as 
far north as the place of beginning, thence west to the place of beginning. 
This lot included the best part of what is now WaUingford village. The 
house was built near the site of the residence of the late Isaac Munson. 
The barn was built where the residence of Lewis Cobb now stands. The 
space between the house and barn, and north of it, was used for many years 
as a public park and parade ground. The house was removed to the site 
where it now stands, in the year 1855-56. It is built in the old gambrel- 
roof style, the posts larger at the top than the bottom, the walls ceiled and 
pannelled, the chimneys being built outside of the house at either end, and 
composed of brick, stone, and home-made mortar of clay. The floor was 
made of very wide, hard wood planks on the lower story, and pine of a 
superior quaUty above, the same floor being now in use. This house was 
soon after opened by Ives as a hotel, and was used as such a long time, 
Ethan Allen having stopped there several times, the last time being the 
winter previous to his death. This description will serve as a fair picture of 
most any old-time mansion, showing how primitive was our forefather's style 
of architecture. 


Abraham Ives, an early settler in Wallingford, was the first high sheriff of 
Rutland County, holding the office from 1781 to '85. In selling the tract of 
land now known as Mendon, he opened the sale at midnight of the day 
advertised, in the interest of certain Rutland men, the said land being pur- 
chased by Jonathan Parker, — hence, Parkerstown. Ives, fearing prosecution 
for his irregularity, resigned his office, sold his property to Samuel Hull and 
left the State. 

The first grave in WaUingford Cemetery was made necessary in the follow- 
ing manner: — About the year 1777, a Tory from Manchester attempted to 
go to Castleton and put himself under Royal protection. He had proceeded 
as far as Green Hill, WaUingford, when the citizens learning that he was on 
the hill, went out after him. He pointed his gun at them, when they im- 
mediately shot him down, fatally wounded. He was carried to the residence 
of Mr. Benj. Bradley, where he was kindly cared for until he expired. He 
was buried on Mr. Bradley's farm, fiUing the first grave in WaUingford 
Cemetery, where hundreds now peacefully sleep within its hallowed precints. 

In the year 1779 there came into the town, setthng at Wallingford village, 
two good men, who were afterwards quite prominent. One was Joseph Ran- 
daU, the other, Nathaniel Ives. Mr. RandaU was the first deacon of the 
Baptist Church of that village, and a man of earnestly correct principles. 
He at different times held many important positions both in the Church and 
in the town. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1793, 
and served both in the war of the Revolution and in the war of 181 2. Mr. 
Ives was the first deacon of the Congregational Church, and though not so 
distinguished as Mr. Randall, yet was held in great esteem by his feUow citi- 
zens. The house where he first resided was near the spot now occupied by 
the residence of Mrs. Randall. It was a log cabin, as aU the houses of the 
settlement at this time were, had a chimney but no hearth and no door,- the 
entrance to the house being covered with a blanket. 

There was no bridge across Roaring Brook, which was a much larger stream 
than now, the only way to cross being upon logs, the upper sides of which 
were hewn off flat to make the walking less precarious, MiU Brook was then 
abundantly suppUed with fish, while on Otter Creek there were plenty of 
mink, muskrats and beaver. The Settlers at this time made their own sugar 
&c., and most of their clothing. Mrs. Abraham Ives and Mrs. Abraham 
Jackson each had a caUco dress, costing them $15,00 a piece, which were 
very much admired. The first grist mill was located at South Wallingford, 
built by Abraham Jackson. 

Joseph E. White, now a resident of WaUingford, has in his possession a 
gun with a very long barrel and long stock, being one of the Queen Anne 
arms, manufactured in England in 1740- PhiUp White carried it at the seige 
of Louisburg in 1774, and Nehemiah White carried it during the Revolu- 
tionary war ; since which time it has been handed down from one genera- 
tion to another, until it is now in the possession of Joseph White, as stated. 


Philip White and Nehemiah his son, and a daughter, Lois White, came to 
WaUingford about the year 1790, setthng upon the EH M. Ward place. They 
built a log house, which was succeeded in 1804 by the old house now used 
by Mr. Ward in which to make butter and cheese. The log house had only 
a blanket for a door. One morning there was a'piece of venison lying just inside 
the door, and a large bear happening to stroll that way, scented it, and coolly 
stepped in and helped himself. Bruin had not counted the cost however, for 
before he could make his escape, Philip, taking down the old gun referred to, 
shot him dead. 

Hon. Harvey Button, an old and respected resident of WaUingford, was 
born in Clarendon, January, 17, 1800. He moved to the town of WaUing- 
ford June I, 1826. Mr. Button is by profession a lawyer, and is now hale 
and hearty in body, possessing a vigorous mind. 

Stanley Stafford came to WaUingford from Danby, about the year 1795, 
and bought the John Reed grist and saw mill at South WaUingford. Mr. 
Stafford at that time was one of the largest real estate owners in the town. 

Asa Anderson settled on the farm now owned by his son Nathaniel, in 1790, 
when he was about 25 years of age. Mr. Anderson served four years in the 
Revolutionary war. Asa's house stood in the north-west corner of the lot 
where Nathaniel's now stands, some plum trees and a large apple tree marking 
the spot. 

Luther Holden, born in Mt. Holly, settled in East WaUingford at an early 
date, where he resided many years and then removed to South WaUingford, 
where he has since resided, being now 97 years of age. He is at present 
residing with his son, Jesse, and also has two sons residing in Hubbardton — 
Antipas E. Holden and Zimri H. Howard. Luther has a brother, Stephen 
Holden, of Mt. Holly, who is 96 years of age. 

John Ballou, from Richmond, N. H., came to Rutland County in 1800, 
locating in Shrewsbury, removing to WaUingford again after a few years 
residence in that town. In 1823 he purchased the farm in the north part of 
the town now owned by his daughter Olivia, who was born in 18 13. 

Goodyear Clark, from Connecticut, came to this town previous to the 
Revolution, locating on a farm about half-a-mile north of the present village 
of WaUingford. He died about the year 1850. P. G. Clark, son of Chancey 
and grandson of Goodyear, was born in 1805, and is now a resident of Wal- 
lingford village. 

G. H. Edgerton came to WaUingford in 1845, and engaged in the boot 
and shoe business, and was long known among the business men of the 
township, though he is now retired from business. His son, Charles M. 
Pvdgerton, was a lieutenant during the late war, and died in the hospital at 
Philadelphia, March 2,8, 1864. 

Zephaniah Hull came to Clarendon from Cheshire, Conn., at an early date, 
locating upon the place now owned by his grand-daughter. Rebecca F. Hull, 
at WaUingford viUage. Rebecca's father, Alfred Hull, was born Sept. 10, 



1794, and resided upon the old homestead all his life, dying March 28 

Hosea Eddy located in Wallingford in 1805, residing here until his death, 
in August, 1877. His son, K. O. Eddy, is still a resident of the town, at the 
age of 65 years. 

William Kent, from Leicester, Mass., came to Wallingford in 1802, locating 
in the east part of the town, and was followed the next year by his brother, 
Elias. Wilham died in 1846, Elias in 1856, leaving three sons and one 
daughter ; the sons, Austin, Elias W. and Alonzo, are still residents of the 

Amasa, Ebenezer and Joel Hart, settled in the central part of the town 
previous to the Revolution. Levi, son of Amasa, is still a resident, at the 
age of 7 2 years. 

Howard Harris came to Wallingford in 1824, from Brattleboro, Vt., 
engaging in mercantile pursuits at Wallingford, in which he continued until 
December 25th, 1851, when his store and property, valued at $5,000, was 
destroyed by fire and was a total loss. Mr. Harris represented the town in 
1836, and has served as town clerk many years. A daughter of Mr. Harris 
is the wife of Dr. George H. Fox, of Rutland. 

Elias Crary, from New Haven, Conn., came to Wallingford at an early 
date, locating in the north part of the town, upon the farm now owned by 
Edwin Crary. Frank L., a grandson of Elias, is also a present resident of 
the town. 

Edwin Martindale came to this town in 1832, where he was engaged in 
mercantile pursuits for a period of over thirty years. He was town repre- 
sentative in 1855 and 1856, was town clerk twelve years, and town treasurer 
twenty years, and still resides in the village. 

James H. Congdon came to Wallingford from North Kingston, R. L, in 
1804. He had several children, of which James and C. H. are still residents 
of the town. 

During the RebeUion the town of WalHngford sent 161 men to the war, 
being three men over and above all demands made upon her. Every soldier 
who was credited for the town, received a bounty varying from $25.00 to 
$900.00 each; $2,213.46 of the funds to pay bounties was raised by volun- 
tary contribution, the remainder, $9,136.54 being raised on the "grand list" 
of the town, making in all $r 1,350.00, the whole expense of the town. 

T/te First Baptist Church of IValliiioJord was organized at Wallingford 
village, February roth, 1780, by Elisha Rich, with a membership of twenty- 
one, and Rev. Henry Green as pastor. The first house of worship was a 
union church, erected in 1800, succeeded by the in'ependent one in 1827. 
The original cost of the present edifice was $870. Rev. S. Henry Archibald 
is at present pastor. The house of worship was enlarged and repaired in 
1846 and again in 1869, and will now comfortably seat 200, and the property 
is valued at $6,000, There have been twenty-one pastorates and nineteen 


different pastors. The first pastorate was twenty years in length. Ten per- 
sons have served as deacons, nine as church clerks. The church took early 
ground against slavery and intemperance. Deacon Randall, the first clerk, 
served fifty-five years, and as deacon fifty-six years. The centennial anni- 
versary of the Church was observed on February loth, 1880. 

The Congregational Church of Wallingford was organized in 1792, with 
the Rev. Benjamin Osborn as pastor. The first house of worship was 
erected in 1800, succeeded by the present one in 1828. The original cost of 
the present church edifice was $2,500, and is now valued at $7,000. It will 
comfortably seat about 300 people. Charles N. Brainard is at present pastor. 

The East Wallingford Baptist Church was organized March 3d, i86r, by 
Rev. Joseph Freeman, with a membership of twenty-nine. The church edifice 
was erected in i860, at a cost of about $2,000, will comfortably seat 200 
people, and is at present valued at $2,500. Rev. T. P. Kellog is the present 

,5"/. ^Patrick's Church, (Roman Catholic,) located at Wallingford, was 
organized in 1865 by Rev. C. Boylan. At its organization it consisted of 300 
members, which has since increased to 600. The church edifice was erected 
in 1866, at a cost of $8,000, and will comfortably accommodate 350 people. 
Rev. T. J. Gaffney is the present pastor. 

Pells, situated in the south-west part, in lat. 43 '^ 27', and long. 2> 54' 
P^^ east from Washington, ranks in point of size as one of the smallest 
fir towns of the county. The township was originally laid out six miles 
square, containing 23,040 acres, an allowance of 1,040 acres free being made 
for "highways and unimprovable land by rocks, ponds, mountains ^nd rivers." 
October 28, 1784, 6,118 acres were taken from the north-east corner of the 
town toward the formation of Middletown, and October 31, 1798, nearly 4,000 
acres more were taken from the north-west part and annexed to Poultney, 
leaving only 13,000 acres, which now comprise the town. Wells forms the 
southern boundary of Poultney and Middletown, while Tinmouth Hes to the 
east, Pawlet to the south, and the State hne forms its western boundary. It 
was chartered by Penning Wentworth, Governor of New Hampshire, Septem- 
ber 15, 1 76 1, to Capt. Ehakirn Hall and sixty-three others, — none of whom 
ever settled in the town, — they were mostly residents of Connecticut. In the 
original plan of the town there were seventy shares, or rights of land. A 
tract in the south-west corner, containing 500 acres, laid out and marked on 
the map " B. W." the record says, was for " His excellency Benning Went- 
worth, Esq.," and was accounted as two shares ; one share for the society 
for the propagation of the gospel in foreign parts; one share for the "glebe 
for the church of England," one share for the first settled minister of the Gos- 
pel, one share for the benefit of a school in said town, and the remaining 
sixty-four shares to Cupt. Hall and his sixty-three associates. 


The western portion of Wells is moderately even and rolling; the eastern, 
rough and mountainous ; there are, however, good, rich farms lying in the 
valleys between the mountains. There are three quite considerable moun- 
ains extending across the entire eastern portion of the town from north to 
south ; they are, Pine Hill, Moose Horn and North-east Mountains, and all 
comparatively easy of ascent. St. Catherine Mountain, lying between Poult- 
ney and Wells, and Pond Mountain, in the centre of the town, are also high 
elevations. The territory is well watered by numerous streams, having sources 
among the springs on the mountain sides, and the scenery is made varied and 
picturesque by a number of ponds and lakes nestled between the mountains. 
Lake St. Catherine, or Lake Austin, lying partly in Poultney, and extending 
south to nearly the centre of Wells, is a beautiful little sheet of water, 
surrounded by mountains. It is nearly five miles in length, and about one in 
its greatest breadth, and covers an area of about 2,000 acres, lying in two parts, 
a lower and upper, connected by a channel about three-fourths of a mile in 
length and from three to eight rods in width ; the lower portion, usually 
called Little Pond, is about three-fourths of a mile in length by one-half in 
breadth. The water is clear but shallow, abounds in fish and is a favorite 
resort for pleasure-seekers during the summer season. Lake St. Catherine 
House, a popular hotel, very pleasantly located in the midst of a hemlock 
grove at the south end of the lake, was originally built by Merritt Lewis in 
i860, and rebuilt in 1867 by Charles W. Potter, who gave it its present name 
and was its landlord until 1878, when it was leased by Oliver Reynolds, and 
run by him until 1881, when, on April ist, it was taken by the present owner 
and proprietor, Mr. Irving Wood. 

The principal stream is the outlet of the lake, which flows a south-westerly 
course, dhiptying into Pawlet River. Wells Brook rises in Tinmouth, flows 
west through Wells and empties into the outlet of the lake. These are the 
largest streams, although there are numerous other small brooks and rivulets 
which serve to irrigate and enrich the soil. 

Wells is not rich in minerals, but in the western portion of the town is an 
excellent quarry of building stone, and also a range on which is found both 
black and purple slate in great abundance. The soil is quite fertile and well 
adapted to grass and grain, the products of the dairy forming the principal 
wealth of the town. Lumber is quite an article of export, the timber being 
mostly beech, birch, maple, hemlock and spruce, with some balsam and black 
ash. Large quantities of maple-sugar are manufactured, much of which is 
sent to other localities not so well favored in this respect. 

The population of the town in i88o was 665, and during that year, ending 
October 31st, had seven school districts and six common schools, employing 
one male and nine female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $690.60. The 
number of pupils attending common schools was 152, and the total expense 
for school purposes was $769.18. The superintendent was Mr. Abisha X. 


Wells, a post village, located south-west of the center, the only settle- 
ment of any extent, contains three churches, one store, one blacksmith 
shop, one wagon shop and about 150 inhabitants. The store of Oliver R. 
Hopson and George Lewis was destroyed by fire at 8:30 a. m. of the 25th 
of February, 1881, the post oftice being at the time kept in the building. 
The store was rebuilt by Mr. Hopson and opened for business in about three 
months from the time of the fire. 

The Lake Austin Knitfing Mills are situated about half a mile west of the 
village, near the outlet. The site of the present mill was purchased by John 
Blossom about the year 1814, and a clothing works built thereon, which 
" dressed " cloth and carded wool for the farmers residing in the surrounding 
country. The wool, after carding, was taken home and spun, woven by 
hand, and then brought to this mill to be dressed into cloth and flannel for 
their family use. In the year 18 19 Mr. Blossom sold the works to his 
brother Seth, who continued the business until the year 1833, when he sold 
the property to Henry Gray, who added machinery for making cloth, rude in 
structure, using hand looms only, but such as the country afforded at that 
time. Gray continued to manufacture cloth and do custom work until the 
year 1834, when he sold the property to Samuel Culver and Benjamin Lewis, 
the business being then carried on under the firm-name of Culver & Lewis, 
until 1843, when James Lamb bought Culver's interest, and the firm was 
changed to Lewis & Lamb, who added power-looms and other improved 
machinery which they continued to operate until the year 1848, when Wm. 
Goodrich purchased Lamb's interest, the new firm continuing about one year, 
when Goodrich sold out to Lewis, he continuing the business alone until 1866 
when his son, R. M. Lewis, became associated with him under the firm-name of 
B. Lewis & Son. \\\ 1873 the firm changed their business and engaged in the 
manufacture of knit underwear, shirts and drawers, since which time the mills 
have been known by their present name. The mill was leased to J. S. Wilcox 
during the years 1876, '77 and '78, but was under the management of R. M. 
Lewis, the present owner. The mill has been twice destroyed by fire, the 
first time about the year 1830, and again in 1853. The main building is 
35x100 feet, two stories high, there also being connected with it a dye-house 
23x30 feet, store-house 25x25, picker house 20x25, ^"d wood-shed 20x40 
feet, all built of wood and painted red. (See illustration opposite page.) 
The works employ about twelve persons, male and female, who manufacture 
twenty dozens of shirts and drawers per day, which are mostly sold in New 
York, the sales aggregating about $20,000 per annum. 

Letvisville Cheese Factory^ located on road 21, was built by Benjamin 
Lewis in 1875, 3.nd is now owned by Rodney M. Lewis, has twenty patrons 
and manufactures 85,000 pounds of cheese per annum. 

Goodspeed' s saw mill, located on Mill Brook, near road 23, was built by 
W. Goodspeed in 1840, and now manufactures about 500,000 feet of lumber 


77^1? Alfred Lewis Cheese Factory, located at East Wells, on road 25, was 
erected in 187 1, has six patrons and manufactures 23,000 pounds of cheese 
per annum. 

Wilder Lewis' saw mill was originally built over fifty years ago, by whom, 
it is, so far as we have learned, not known. It is situated at the outlet of 
Lake St. Catherine, and rebuilt in 1851 by Mr. Lewis, who at present manu- 
factures there about 200,000 feet of lumber per annum. 

Goodrich's grist mill, located in the south-west part of the town, on the 
outlet of the lake, was erected by Roswell Goodrich in the year 1808. It is 
now owned by the estate of Haley Goodrich, has four runs of stones, and 
does mostly custom work. 

The settlement of Wells was commenced by Ogden Mallory in 1768, and 
Daniel and Samuel Culver came into town in 177 1, bringing their families 
the following year. The town was organized at a meeting held March 9, 

1773, being the first town meeting; Ogden Mallory was elected moderator, 
and John Ward, clerk. This meeting was adjourned till November istof 
the same year, when Ogden Mallory, Daniel Culver, Joseph Lawrence, 
Abner Howe and John Ward were chosen selectmen. The first listers were 
elected March ii, 1777, and were Ogden Mallory, Timothy Morse and 
Reuben Searles. 

Most of the early settlers of this town came from Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut, and it is not difficult to trace in their descendants their Puritan 
origin, by their characteristics, to this day. They were a pious, industrious, 
honest people, possessed of an indomitable will; quick to decide and lasting 
in friendship, as is proven by an act of their town meeting held February 25, 

1774, at which Abner Howe and Joseph Moss were appointed a committee 
to represent the town in a general meeting, held at Manchester, in March, 
1774. The committees from the several towns being there assembled to con- 
sider " The despotic act of the New York Assembly, for the suppression and 
apprehension of the Bennington mob," and voted thereto, " that as a country 
we will stand by and defend our friends and neighbors who are indicted, at 
the expense of our lives and fortunes." It is to the credit of the people of 
the town of Wells, that they in every sense of the word kept their promise. 
It is hardly possible for the present generation, who are living in comparative 
luxury, to conceive of the vicissitudes through which their forefathers passed, 
nor to realize the obstacles they had to contend with in procuring food and 
clothing, and preparing homes for their families. Even some of the oldest 
inhabitants at the present time can remember when they had to go bare- 
footed a greater portion of the year, and wear home-made clothing at all 

The first marriage in the town was that of Ebenezer Welton to Catharine 
Culver, on the i8th day of May, 1775. The first birth was that of Joseph 
Moss, son of Joseph and Esther, born September 8th, 1775. 

The whipping-post was at one time in use in the town ; the last victim was 


about 40 years of age. who for stealing, Vas sentenced by Justice Samuel 
Lathrop to receive ten lashes. The punishment was inflicted by the con- 
stable and took place in about the year 1807. 

Ogden Mallory, the first settler m the town, died in t8ii, aged 91 years, 
leaving four children. Daniel Culver, the next settler, coming here in 1771, 
was the first Representative of the town. He was born in 1748 and died in 

Timothy Moss emigrated here from Farmington, Ct., in 1772, served in 
both the French and Revolutionary wars, dying in 1828, at the advanced age 
of 90 years. 

Joshua Howe, from Wallingford, settled in 1873 on the farm now owned 
by his grandson, Joshua, and built the first grist-mill in town. He was re- 
markable most for a temper never known to be quickened under any circum- 
stances. When he raised his grist-mill, it is told, he stood holding a post, 
which, as the tennon entered the mortise, the post came down upon his toes, 
smashing them flat ; but, with unrufi1,ed countenance he turned to his son, 
remarking in his ordinary, deliberate and mild tones, "Joseph, I wish you 
would get the crow-bar and raise up this post. I would like to get my toes 
out from under it." Mr. Howe died in the year 1800. 

Mathias and Joseph Button, father and son, settled here in 1785. Mathias 
afterwards married the widow of Joshua Howe. He was born in 1732 and 
died in 181 1. Joseph died in 1826, aged 76 years. 

Aaron Ives, from Walhngford, Ct., settled near Harvard Pond, in 1785, 
and died in 1801, aged 53. His only son, Aaron, Jr., was killed in Middle- 
town, in 1 83 1, by the faUing of a tree. 

Joseph Lamb, from Norwich, Ct., and his wife Betty, settled on a hill in 
Wells, hence called Lamb Hill, in 1778. Mr. Lamb died in 1809, aged 73; 
his wife in 1852, aged 95. 

Bethud Barden settled in Wells, on road 25, in the year 1816. Mr. Barden 
had five children by his wife Sarah, two of whom are now living ; one in 
Rupert, and one, John, still resides on the old homestead, aged 74 years. 
He has represented his town in the Legislature six years, was door-keeper 
nine years, and has held nearly every office in the town. 

During the war of 186 1, Wells sent sixty men, and paid for bounties and 
other expenses incurred, $15,057.00. The bounties ranged from $100 each 
for the nine months men, up to $1,000 and $1,150 for the three years men. 

It is not known at exactly what date the first school-house was built, but it 
was very early in the history of the town, as soon as there were children 
enough to form a school. The first school-houses were made of logs and 
warmed by fireplaces, the benches generally made of slabs, turned flat-side 
up, into which holes were bored and legs inserted. The first Sabbath-school 
was organized at East Wells in 1823, with Levi Lamb superintendent. The 
same year a Sabbath-school was organized at the village and Levi Lewis ap- 
pointed superintendent. In May, 1789, ten acres of land were selected by a 


committee chosen for that purpose, and the town voted to build a church 
thereon, thirty-six feet in length, twenty feet in breadth, and a story and a 
half in height. This tract is situated on a rise of ground about midway be- 
tween the Pond bridge and Pond Mountain, and on the north side of the 
road. The church was built in 1790, but was never entirely finished. This 
was the first house erected in the town for public worship, and used in com- 
mon by all, and after having been abandoned as a church it was for many 
years used as a barn, and was finally blown down during a storm, on March 
27, 1S47. On the same tract of land with the meeting-house, was laid out, 
also, the first burial-ground, where lie buried many of the first settlers of the 

The Universalist Churchy located at Wells village, was erected in 1855, on 
the site occupied by the old church, built in 1821. Rev. Aaron Kinsman 
was the first settled minister, locating here in 1821. There is no resident 
pastor at present. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church, located at Wells Corners, was organized 
about the year 18 10, with Rev. Anthony Price as pastor. The first house of 
worship was erected in 1802, which w^as succeeded by the present edifice in 
1842, which was built at a cost of $1,500, and will comfortably seat 200 per- 
sons. The present value of the church property is about $1,000. Rev. J. 
Phillips is at present pastor. 

St. PatiVs Church, (Episcopal), located at Wells village, was organized by 
Rev. P. Dyer, April 27, 1844. The building was erected in 1840, at a cost 
of $1,800, and will comfortably seat 150 persons. The property is at present 
valued at $2,000. Rev. E. J. Randall is at present pastor, with a member- 
ship of twenty-one. 

^ESTHAVEN, the most westerly town of Rutland County, is located in 

.Jkk ig^^_ ^^' ^6' and long. 3° 44' east from Washington, and is bounded 
north by Benson, east by Eairhaven, south by Poultney River, which 
separates it from Whitehall, N. Y., and west by Lake Champlain. 

The surface of the township is quite uneven, several lidges of mountainous 
hills passing through different parts of the town, mostly in a north and south 
direction. The largest of these, called Ball Mountain, located in the south- 
ern part of the town, contains about 4000 acres of land, entirely worthless for 
purposes of cultivation. The country is watered by several small streams, 
the principal of which are Hubbardton River and Cogmen Creek. Hub- 
bardton River flows through the eastern part of the township and empties into 
East Bay, about one mile below Carver's Falls. Cogmen Creek rises in Root's 
Pond, in Benson, passing through the township about three miles west from 
Hubbardton River, also emptying into East Bay. 

The soil varies, and taken as a whole is not much different from that of the 
adjoining towns, clay, perhaps, predominating. The timber is that common 
to all mountain districts of Vermont. 


In 1880 Westhaven had a population of 492; it was divided into seven 
school districts and had seven common schools, employing two male and six 
female teachers, at an aggregate salary of $807.50. There were ninety-four 
pupils attending ccmmon school, and the whole cost of the schools for the 
year ending October 31st, was $1,031.13. S. R. Hitchcock was superinten- 

Westhaven, (p. o.) a hamlet located in the central part of the township, 
contains a church, one store and post-office, one blacksmith shop and about 
eight dwellings. 

Hiiiifs Cheese Factory, located on road 23, was built in 1875. It now 
uses the milk from 140 cows, from which is manufactured 40,000 lbs. of 
cheese per annum. 

J. ON // Adavis &= Co's />oat-yard, located on East Bay, was established 
about thirty years ago. They manufacture from one to six canal boats 
annually, employing from five to twenty-three men. 

J. P. Hujif s saw-7nill, spoke and ax helve vianitfaefo9y, located on Hub- 
bardton River, near road 12, manufactures about 75,000 feet of lumber, 500 
sets of spokes and 200 dozen ax-helves annually. 

Westhaven was originally included within the limits of the township of 
Fairhaven, chartered by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont on 
the 27th day of October, A. D , 1779. By an Act of the Legislature ap- 
proved October 20, 1793, the township was divided and formed into two 
townships, the eastern part retaining the name of Fairhaven, and the west 
taking the name of Westhaven. The name, Westhaven, was adopted by the 
inhabitants of Fairhaven at a town meeting held March 27, 1792, and for 
the reason, without doubt, that it was the west part of the original town. 
The question of the division of the township appears to have been 
agitated a great deal by the early settlers, and they were not entirely har- 
monious on the subject of the dividing line between the two towns. Twenty 
of the citizens of the town, residing between Muddy Brook and Hubbardton 
River, in the central part of the township, remonstrated against the division. 
The town of Westhaven took about three-fifths of the area of the original 
township, leaving to Fairhaven the remaining two-fifths. The two towns 
were jointly to elect one Representative to the General Assembly. This 
they continued to do until the annual election in 1823, when separate elec- 
tions were held. Previous to this time, the annual Freemen's meetings were 
held, sometimes at the school-house near Mr. Minot's, in Westhaven, and at 
other times at the school-house near Mr. Stannard's, in Fairhaven, the people 
of both towns meeting together and having at times a good deal of sectional 
feeling in regard to their affairs. 

The settlement of the present town of Westhaven was not begun to any 
extent until the year 1783. Previous to this, and it is beheved before the 
chartering of the township, Benoni Hulbert had made a claim and com- 
menced some small improvements near the intersection of Hubbardton and 


Poultney rivers ; but it is not known that he became a resident of the town- 
ship until the year 1781. How long he remained in the town is not known. 
It was but a few years at most. 

In 1782 Beriah Mitchell, of Woodbury, Conn., began some improvements 
in the township, where he continued to reside until 1786, when he returned 
to Connecticut. 

Early in the year 1783 Capt. Eleazer Dudley and family, and Abijah Peet, 
also from Woodbury, settled in the township and began the work of clearing 
a farm, a little west of where Nathaniel Fish lately resided. Wm. Dudley 
was the first town clerk of Fairhaven and was interested in several proprietory 
shares in the township. In 1788 he sold his interest to Dr. Simeon Smith 
and removed from the town. John Howes, also from Woodbury, Elijah 
Tryon, of Granville, Mass., John and Henry Cramer and others, came the 
same year. In 1784 Hiram Barlow, an early settler of Tinmouth, and 
Cornelius Bronson, of Woodbury, came. In 1786 Benjamin and Cooley 
Weller, and Benjamin Chippann, settled on the west side of Ball Mountain, 
on what has since been known as the "Benjamin farm." During this year, 
James McCottin, from Pennsylvania, came into town and erected the first 
grist-mill, near where Michael Blake now resides. The first saw-mill was 
erected in 1785, on the lower fall on Hubbardton River, since known as 
" The Hunt Mill." 

Dr. Simeon Smith, from Sharon, Conn., came to Westhaven in 1787, 
locating on the premises first settled by Capt. Dudley, Dr. Smith had been 
a druggist and trader in Connecticut, was a physician by profession and had 
been compelled by business misfortunes to leave Connecticut and seek his 
fortune in another country. He became at once the leading and most prom- 
inent business man in the vicinity, and at his death, February 27th, 1804, he 
bequeathed the town $1,000, which was to be kept at compound interest at 
six per cent, for a term of sixty years, at the expiration of which time the 
accruing interest of the accumulated fund should be appropriated to the 
schoohng of youth, to have one good grammar school kept in Westhaven, 
the overplus to be used for the benefit of other schools and the support of 
Gospel ministry, and if any over, for the support of the poor and needy in 
said town. The subsequent accruing interest became available after July 
13th, 1868, and at that time the fund amounted to $22,996.69. Had it not 
been for an early loss of $100.00 of principal, and loss of interest while wait- 
ing for investments, the sum, would have reached nearer its possible earnings, 

About 1790 the first store was started, located on the knoll north-east of 
where J. G. Briggs now resides. Smith & Woodward, proprietors ; the busi- 
ness was afterwards carried on at the same place by Charles Rice and Bohan 
Shepard, and later by Shipherd, Rice and Higgins. Another store was kept 
near where Mrs. Adahne Hitchcock now resides, by Lemuel Hyde and John 
Bronson. The firm was dissolved prior to 1800, and the business continued 


at the same place by John Van Allen, and perhaps others, for a few years, 
and then discontinued. A carding machine and clothing works were estab- 
lished by Erastus Coleman, on the upper falls of Hubbardton River, about 
the year 1802, and continued for about thirty years, when he erected a 
woolen factory on the same ground and continued in the manufacture of 
woolen cloth until 1844, since which time the building has been taken down 
and all business discontinued at that place. 

Oliver Church, from New Marlboro, Mass., purchased, June 30, 1780, 
of Samuel Allen, of Tinmouth, the right of Nathan Clark in the town of 
Fairhaven. He did not become an inhabitant of the town until about ten 
years afterwards. In 1801 he removed to the farm first settled by Hiram 
Barlow, and continued his residence there until his death, in 1826. In the 
year 1800 he married Lucy Barker, who survived him a number of years, 
dying in 1859, aged 76. Of their large family there are now living, Mrs. 
Calista Adum, in Westhaven, Mrs. Lucy Tyler, in Portland, N. Y., and 
Ohver Church, in Pike, N. Y. During all the period that he resided in the 
town, Esquire Church, as he was called, was a prominent and influential 
citizen. He represented the towns of Westhaven and Fairhaven in the 
Legislature of the State, in the years 1803, 1806, 1807, 1810, 1811 and 
18 19. He held the office of justice of the peace for many years, and pos- 
sessed the confidence of the people of the town in a remarkable degree, doing 
almost all the conveyancing and justice business for many years. 

Samuel Adams, from Suffield, Conn., came to Westhaven in 1792, with his 
wife, four sons and one daughter, locating on road 6, upon the farm now 
owned by his grandson, Samuel. Horace resided with his father upon the 
old homestead until his father's death, when the property reverted to him. 
He was a popular and influential eitizen, and a representative in the General 
Assembly three years. He died March 28, 1866, aged 82 years. At his 
death the property came into the possession of his son, Samuel, who still 
retains it. Samuel represented the town in 1864 and 1865, and has for a 
number of years held the office of justice of the peace. 

Oliver Hitchcock was born March 12, 1776, at Bristol, Conn. He came 
to Vermont early in the present century, but did not permanently settle in 
Westhaven until 1821. He was well known to "old stagers" of fifty years 
ago as the jolly landlord of the " Gleason Stand." Willard, Miriam, Oliver 
Franklin, Alman and RoUin, were all children of OHver, and were all residents 
of Westhaven for a number of years. One only, Rollin, now resides in the 
township, he having one son residing near him, on the Downs farm, and 
another, Oliver Orville, residing with him on the old homestead. Willard, 
eldest son of Ohver, was born in Bristol, Conn., July 22, 1799. He married 
Adaline Welton in 1822, came to Vermont in 1832, and bought the place 
now owned by William Preston, near the Apollos Smith place. Mr. Hitch- 
cock here, associated with a Mr. Hill, also from Connecticut, established a 
depot and salesroom for the " Terry Mantel Clock." They employed ped- 


dlers, and, though almost the first in the enterprise, soon furnished Vermont 
with plenty of these time-keepers, many of which — heir-looms — are running 
yet. After a few years, on account of failing health, Mr. Hitchcock removed 
to the old homestead, where he died in 1842, leaving a widow and four chil- 
dren, of whom Mrs. Hitchcock, Willard L. and Anna, are still living in the 
township, — Mrs. H. at the age of 77 years. 

Gideon Briggs, from Deerfield, Mass., came to Castleton early in the present 
century, and subsequently settled in Westhaven in 1824, locating upon the 
farm now owned by John Carty, on road 24. He died in Castleton in 1857, 
aged 81 years. His wife, Hannah, died in 186 1, aged 76 years. Their son, 
Justus Briggs, now resides upon the Gilbert place, on road gh He married 
Sarah Ann Harrington, and has a family of one son and two daughters, all 
residing at home. 

James Field came to Westhaven, with his son, in 1834, locating on what 
is called the Com farm. He died March 6, 185 1, in his 73d year. His 
wife, Hannah, died April 10, 1856, aged 73 years. His son, Rodney, located 
upon the farm now owned by V. H. Forbes, in 1835, remaining there one 
year, when he removed to the place he now occupies on road 9. 

James Adams came to Westhaven from Somerset, England, in 1830, locating 
upon the farm now owned by his sons, James, Henry and George, on road 
23. He is still living at the age of 86 years. 

T/ie First Baptist Church, located at the village of Westhaven, was organ- 
ized in 1803, consisting at its organization of only nine members, with Wil- 
liam Ellis Patterson as their first pastor. The society now has thirty-four 
members, but no settled minister. The church building was erected in 1831, 
at a cost of $2,000, and will seat 200 persons. The property is now valued 
at $8,000. 


Dr. W. H. Spencer, Dentist, at Poultney, Middletown and Castleton, pub- 
lishes a card on page 306. His admonition should be followed. " Don't 
Neglect your Teeth." 

S. D. Williams, the popular Boot and Shoe dealer, at Fairhaven, is doing 
a thriving business. Those in want of " boot gear" will do well to call on 
him. See his card, on page 306, 

O. C. Martin, of Benson, breeder of pure blood merino sheep, publishes 
a card on page 260. Mr. Martin has for near twenty years been in the busi- 
ness, and for several years has taken particular pains to keep his stock pure. 
He will fill orders with fidelity and to the interests of his customers. He also 
breeds Jersey cattle and fine horses. 

Wm. Simpson, of the Rutland Steam Dye Works, is a thoroughly practical 
dyer. He was for many years foreman dyer in one of the largest cloth factories 
in Galashiels, Scotland. Do not be afraid to trust him with your goods ; he 
knows how to handle every fabric, and keeps to the front in all the newest 
styles of colors. His work, he claims to be equal to any done in the coun- 
try. See his card, on page 306. 

publisher's notes. "256 

Mason & Wright, enterprising breeders and dealers in Spanish merino 
sheep, in Addison County, advertise on page 312. 

LoRisoN Smith keeps a Livery Stable on Carver street, Brandon, where 
he is prepared to furnish trusty "turn-outs" on the most reasonable terms. 
Card on ])age 286. 

J. P. Collins, dealer in choice family groceries, and Trustee of 7th ward, 
Rutland, exhibits a Chinaman on page 312. Mr. Collins is a liberal dealer 
and will do well by his customers. 

J. H. Remington, the well known Auctioneer, Commission Merchant and 
Real Estate dealer, in Rutland, prints a card on page 312. So well known is 
he, that his services are often required at auction sales in every part of the 

Dr. J. P. Newton, of Benson, has, since his residenee in that town, ac- 
quired a large practice. His genial disposition, energy, perseverance and 
skill in his profession, has gained many friends and patrons. See his card, 
on page 260. 

H. J. Peck, General Merchant, of Fairhaven, desires attention to his 
bottom line cards in Directory. Mr. Peck carries full lines of all goods 
usually kept in a country store, and he sells at prices that customers can 
afford to pay. Call and see him. 

C. W. Nichols, Photographer, at Rutland, has had many years experience. 
Besides his general line of photographic work, he has been selected by the 
largest marble dealers to photograph specimens of their goods, and this he 
has done extensively. He advertises on page 286. 

S. P. Williams, "The Soap Man," of Rutland, manufactures from good 
materials, several varieties of very desirable soap. Citizens of the county 
should patronize home manufacturers. Remember, when in Rutland, to call 
and see him, if your grocer at home does not sell his goods. He advertises on 
page 260. 

J. H. Peabodv, of Pittsford, has, since i860, been engaged in the manu- 
facture of buckskin moccasins, mittens and gloves, at Pittsford. He has im- 
proved his goods to that extent that they are now acknowledged to stand at 
the head in point of quality. Dealers or retail customers may be supplied 
here on most reasonable terms. He also buys hides, pelts and furs. See 
advertisement on page 364. 

Prime & Farrington, of Brandon, are noted throughout the country as 
breeders of registered merino sheep, short horned cattle and Hambletonian 
horses. Care in breeding and selection of stock, gains its reward in securing 
for them many customers from various States of the Union. They print 
illustrations of some of their sheep on pages 266 and 267. 

Thayer & Co., manufacturers of UnXld Shirts at Rutland, are rapidly 
building up an extensive business. They employ skilled operatives, who 
work by the day, hence their goods find a ready market. All citizens of Rut- 
land County desiring these goods should enquire of their merchants for 
Thayer & Co's goods. Read the firm's bottom margin card. 

The Brandon Union, estabhshed nine years ago, has become a popular 
adjunct to the happiness of many home circles. Its local correspondence is 
well maintained, and general news is not neglected. Mr. S. B. Ryder, the 
editor and proprietor, has one of the neatest offices in the country, large and 
airy. He is prepared to do job printing for those who want. His announce- 
ment is on page 282. 

256'* publisher's notes. 

Humphrey & Parkhurst, General Merchants, at Fairhaven, keep well 
stocked with fresh goods, and are prepared to ofter liberal inducements to 
purchasers. See card, page 342. 

H. O. Lowell, dealer in doors, sash, blinds, cabinet ware, picture frames, 
etc., at Brandon, prints a card on page 276. Those in want of his line of 
goods will do well to give him a call. 

Brown's Magic Pain Cure, and other medicines, prepared by M. G. 
Brown, of Chittenden, have been favorably received for their excellent qual- 
ities. Read the advertisement on page 312. 

Otter Creek News, issued weekly by D. C. Hackett, at Brandon, con- 
tains the local and personal news of the day, and is well circulated in Rutland 
and Addison Counties. It is deserving of long life. Card on page 272. 

Bowtell's Laundry — This well known Rutland Laundry, established 
eleven years ago, continues to satisfy its many customers, in town and from 
out of town, by doing the work well and on time. See card on page 276. 

John L. McIntyre, Brick manufacturer, at Rutland, has done much in 
aid of building up the town. His brick are of excellent quality and are 
sought after by parties all along the Hues of railroads. See card, ])age 294. 

Charles E. Ross, Dry Goods dealer, at Rutland, keeps full lines and of 
the latest patterns and styles. Be sure to call and see his stock when you 
visit Rutland. He is also agent for Butterick patterns. See card, on page 

Brandon House. — This pleasant and popular House, on Park street, 
Brandon, is under the management of Gardner Brothers, who will cater ac- 
ceptably to the wants of the traveling public. The House is advertised on 
page 276. 

Van Doorn & Tilson. — This popular firm, located at Rutland, are the 
acknowledged leaders of the crockery, china and glassware trade in this 
county. They also sell paper hangings, etc. Call and see them ; especially 
read their bottom line announcements in Directory pages. 

F. H. Chapman & Co., druggists, in Morse block, Rutland, have a good 
location and are constantly stocked with choice goods in all departments. 
Mr. Chapman is a druggist of experience, and for fancy articles, and other 
goods in his line, his store is a popular resort. They advertise on bottom 
marginal lines. 

The Central Vermont Railroad. — This extensive incorporation now 
embraces the majority of all the Vermont Hnes, by which arrangement superior 
accommodations are furnished the traveling pubHc. The company advertise 
on page 300. Jesse Burdett, supt. of the Rutland division of this road, has 
his office in the Union Depot at Rutland. 

Clarendon House, B. Murray & Sons, proprietors, at Clarendon Springs, 
each year, as the heat of summer approaches, receives its crowds of visitors 
from the cities and villages, who come here to seek the rest and health im- 
parted by the mineral waters of these springs and by the invigorating air of 
their beautiful climate. The hotel card appears on page 320. 

H. A. Sawyer & Co. — This enterprising business firm, at Rutland, publish 
a card on page 294 ; as wholesale dealers in papers, paper sacks, school ^nd 
blank books, notions, cigars and tobaccos, they have acquired an extensive 
trade. They also have the only broom factory in this section, where they 
employ experienced men and make all sizes, from the whisk to heavy stable 
broonas. Remember this firm. 

publisher's notes. "256 

W. H. H. Fisher, of 7 Merchants Row, Rutland, sells drugs, toys, fancy- 
goods, cigars, &c., at low prices. Call and see if this is not true. Card on 
page 372. 

Dr. Charles A. Gale, Homceopathic physician, at Rutland, will give 
faithful and intelligent treatment of the sick, when his services are desired. 
His announcement is on page 346. 

R. O. Jones, of Fairhaven, has the reputation of being an expert at Cigar 
making. Ye smokers ! when at Fairhaven, step in and buy a box of one of 
his favorite brands. See card, page 342. 

The Bomoseen House, at Castleton, under the management of H. B. 
Ellis, is attracting crowds of summer patronage. At any time of the year it 
is the best house here. Card on page 346. 

Levi Miner & Son, Carriage manufacturers, at Rutland, are practical and 
experienced workmen. They turn out excellent work, and at prices to suit 
the times. Go see them. Card on page 346. 

D. D. Cole, Agent for C. S. Sherman, has at Castleton one of the prettiest 
country stores in the county, well filled with choice goods. Visit this popu- 
lar store when at Castleton. Card on page 346. 

Union Custom Laundry, G. M. Bates, proprietor, at Rutland, is again 
running in full blast, and under Mr. Bates' experienced supervision, always 
does first-class work. People in the county should make a note. See card 
page 342. 

Holmes Brothers, The Boiler Makers, at Rutland, are prepared to sup- 
ply anything needed in their line, of the best quality, and on reasonable 
terms. Supplies for boilers may be found at their works. They advertise on 
page 364. 

Frank S. Densmore, Fashionable Barber and Hairdresser, at Fairhaven, 
advertises on page 342. Any gentleman who appreciates a clean, smooth 
shave, or a fashionable dressing of the hair, should remember Mr. Densmore. 
He is first-class. 

The Rutland Standard, to be issued this fall, will doubtless be a wel- 
come visitor at the firesides of many families of the county. Mr. Richard- 
•son, the proprietor, has a large Hoe press, besides smaller presses for job 
work. His facilities will be equal to requirements. Card on page 356. 

Mrs. L. a. Collins, dealer in milHnery goods, fancy goods, hair work, &c. 
at Fairhaven, prints an illustrated advertisement on page 334. We advise 
the ladies who want fashionable and well made goods, to visit Mrs. Collins 
who keeps a large and well selected stock, and will sell as low as the market 
will afiford. 

New England Fire Insurance Co. — This is a new applicant for public 
patronage, and being a home iiistiti/tiim, managed by well known business 
men of ability, we have no doubt the people of Rutland County at least, will 
so far as practicable, place their insurance with this company. One excellent 
feature of their pohcies is the insurance of buildings and contents against 
damage by lightning. See card on page 373. 

Chas. p. Harris Manufacturing Co., Rutland, Vt. This extensive 
establishment has many departments. They sell lumber, plane lumber, make 
doors, sash, blinds, &c., and manufacture chairs quite extensively, and also 
nails of excellent quality. The Rutland Foundry and Machine Shop, con- 
nected with these works, turns out all classes of heavy castings and machinery 
for rock cutting, hoisting, &c. They advertise on page 326. 









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Directory is arranged as follows : — 

I — Name of individual or firm. 

1 — Postoffice address in parenthesis. 

? — The figures following the letter r indicate the number of the road on which the party resides, and will 
be found by reference to the map in the fore part of this work. Where no road number is given the party is 
supposed to reside in the village. 

4 — Business or occupation. 

5 — A star (*) placed before a name indicates an advertiser in this work. 

6 — Figures placed after the occupation of a farmer indicate the number of acres owned or leased. 

7 — Names in CAPITALS are those who have kindly given their patronage to the work, and without whose 
aid its publication would have been impossible. 

1^" For additional names, corrections and changes, see Errata. 

Abbreviations. — Ab., above; ave., avenue; bds., boards; bet., between; cor, corner; E., east; h., 
house; 1., lot; inanuf, manufacturer ; N., north ; n., near; opp., opposite; prop., proprietor; S., south; 
s., side ; W., west. 

The word street is implied. 


Railroad Station is Fairhaven, lo miles south on Rensselaer and Rutland R. R. ; Daily- 
Stage; Port, Benson Landing, on Lake Champlain. 

ADAMS ALBERT M., (Benson,) r 51, dairy 20 cows, farmer 125. 

Adams John W., (Benson,) r 36, farmer 125. 

Aiken James H., (Benson,) cor. r 46 and 37, lister, dairy 12 cows, farmer 

Arnold Milton F., (Hortonville,) r 9, farmer, son of S. A. 

ARNOLD SAMUEL A., (Hortonville,) r 9, breeder of merino sheep, 
farmer 100. 

Arnold Walter L., (Hortonville,) r 9, farmer, son of S. A. 

Arnold Weston B., (Hortonville,) r 9, farmer 200. 

AUSTIN JEHIAL, (Benson,) r 17, farmer 40. 

Babbit Benjamin F., (Benson,) r 26, farmer, works on shares for H. Good- 
rich 1 16. 

Babbit Nelson M., (Hortonville,) r 9, farmer 250. 


Barber Addie H. Miss, (Benson,) r 18, dress and cloak maker. 

BARBER ALMON, (Benson,) r 51, dairy 20 cows, dealer in live stock, 

farmer, leases of Mrs. Sheldon Doan 300. 
Barber Charles P., (Benson,) r 2, farmer. 
BARBER MOSES G., (Benson,) r 2, farmer 140. 
BARBER WILLIAM C, (Benson,) r 18, farmer 114. 
BARBOUR E. L., (Benson,) r 36, town grand juror, dairy 18 cows, farmer 

BARBOUR MUNSON, (Benson,) r 36, dairy 12 cows, farmer 160 on r 5. 
Bascom Benjamin, (Benson,) cor. r 23 and 16, farmer, Hveswith hisson W. S. 
BASCOM WILLIAM S., (Benson,) cor. r 23 and 16, farmer 210. 
BELDEN DE WITT S. (Benson,) r 39, wool grower, farmer 140. 
Belden Joseph C, (Benson,) r 40, farmer 2. 
Belden Theron, (Dresden Station, N. Y.,) r 42, farm laborer. 
Benjamin Charles, (Benson,) r 20, farmer 40. 

Bishop Jehiel, (Benson,) r 13, farmer, leases of Mrs. Mary Potter 100. 
Bishop Stephen C, (Benson,) r 17, farmer 140. 
Bosworth Elwin, (Benson,) r 7, farmer, son of Martin. 
BOSWORTH MARTIN, (Benson,) r 7, breeder of merino sheep, dairy 10 

cows, farmer 196. 
Bosworth William H., (Benson,) cor. r 7 and 11, agent for patent wagon axle 

cutters, the giant riding saw, and farmer 40. 
BOURNE IRA, (Benson,) r 27, farmer, on shares, for Orson Bourne 121. 
Bourne Orson, (Benson,) r 27, breeder of registered sheep, farmer 121. 
Briggs Amasa, (Benson,) cor. r 23 and 35, farmer 400. 
Briggs Annie J. Miss, (Benson,) r 23, general merchandise and millinery. 
Briggs John A., (Benson,) cor. r 23 and 35, farmer, son of Amasa. 
BROWN OLIVER H. (Benson,) r 14, (Brown Brothers.) 
BROWN WILLIAM, (Benson,) r 38, farmer 100. 
BROWN BROTHERS, (Benson,) r 14, (O. H. and RoUin, of Orwell Ad. 

Co.,) wool growers, dairymen, farmers 550. 
Bryan Samuel, (Benson Landing,) cor. r 40 and 19, fisherman, farmer 43. 
Bump Hilon, (Benson,) r 32, carpenter, joiner and millwright, dairy 13 cows, 

farmer 360. 
Bump Oscar H., (Benson,) r 32, carpenter and farmer. 
Burke Michael, (Hortonville,) r 10, farmer leases of M. C. Rice, 105. 
Burr Edward, (Benson,) r 34, miller and sawyer. 

Busteed William J., (Dresden Station, N. Y.,) r 41^, captain canal boat "Syl- 
vester Mahan." 
CARTER AUGUSTA S. MISS, (Benson,) r 20, with Clara W., owns 

farm 180. 
CARTER BYRON A., (Benson,) r 23, dealer in dry goods, groceries and 

hardware^ farmer 50. 
CARTER CLARA W., Miss, (Benson,) r 20, with Augusta S., owns farm 

CARTER ELIJAH, (Benson,) r 23, manufacturer of monuments, head 

stones, table tops, brackets, shelves, sinks and wash boards. 
Carter John S., (Benson,) r 20, farmer 86. 
CARTER PERRY, (Benson,) r 36, mail agent, owns house and lot, stage 

Benson to Fair Haven. 
Clark Pulaski J., (Benson,) r 45, farmer, son of Thomas H. 
Clark Thomas H. Sr., (Benson,) r 45, dairy 10 cows, farmer 200. 
Clark Thomas H. Jr., (Benson,) r 45, farmer. 


Clark William D., (Benson,) r 44, cooper, marble cutter and farmer 25. 

Coats Henry M., (Benson,) r 34, carpenter, joiner and millwright. 

COATS JAMES M., (Benson,) r 2, farm laborer at Barber's. 

Coats Robert B., (Benson,) r 6 and 4, farmer 8 acres. 

Cook Lewis B., (Benson,) r ;^^, manufacturer of spokes, shingles and farmer 

CO WEE FRANKLIN W., (Benson,) r 23, (Walker & C.) 
CROFOOT DANIEL, (Benson,) r. 35, justice of peace, farmer 13 acres. 
Cull James, (Benson,) r 36, farmer works on shares 47 for Ezra Strong. 
Dibble Lorenzo A., (Benson,) r 23, pastor of M. E. Church. 
DICKINSON ALBERT J., (Benson,) r 23, constable, overseer of poor and 

farmer 175. 
DICKINSON ISAAC, (Benson,) r 47, 88 years old, dairy 15 cows, farmer 

Dickinson John, (Benson,) r 23, farmer, blacksmith. 
Dickinson William C, (Benson,) r 48, farmer 133. 
Donahue Patsey, (Benson,) r 23, carriage painter. 

DORSEY JAMES, (Benson,) r 22, inspector of customs. New York city. 
DOWD AARON, (Benson,) r 36, (D. & Fields). 
DO WD & FIELDS, (Benson,) r 22, (Aaron D. and Edward F.,) blacksmith- 

ing and horse-shoeing. 
DUCHARME LOUIS J., (Benson,) r 23^ manuf. and dealer of boots and 

Duit Michael, (Orwell Ad. Co.,) r 5, on shares, Munson Barber farm 160. 
Dwire Henry, (Benson,) r 23, carriage maker, journeyman. 
Elward Michael, (Benson,) r 15, farmer 3. 
FAIRMAN ANGELINE, (Hortonville,) r 8, widow Henry B., resident, 

Hves with Judson D.. Goodrich. 
Fairman Braman B., (Hortonville.) r 10. farm laborer. 

Falkenburg Joseph, (Benson,) r 46, dealer in stock and produce, farmer 100, 
Fay Chauncey W., (Benson,) r 32, dairy 25 cows, farmer 440. 
Fay Ellsworth H., (Benson,) r 32, farmer, son of C. W. 
FAY LAVIER, (Benson,) r 32, farmer and school teacher, telegraph oper. 
FIELDS EDWARD, (Benson,) r 36, (Dowd eV^ F.) 
Fish Augustus, (Hortonville,) r 10, farm laborer. 
Fish Elijah, (Benson,) r 38, farmer, leases of Mrs. Jane E. King 100, works 

for M. F. King 200. 
Foot Francis W., (Dresden Station, N. Y.,) r 42, farmer 300. 
Fowler James, (Benson,) r 31, farmer 6. 
Gates Ira, (Benson,) r 35, farmer, house and lot. 
Gibbs Almon J., (Benson,) r 25, dairy 16 cows, farmer 200. 
GIBBS JONAS, (Benson,) r 23, retired farmer 7. 
Gibbs Joseph A., (Benson,) r 23, carpenter and joiner and painter. 
Gleason James H., (Benson,) r 28, farmer, 82 years old. 
GLEASON ROLLIN, (Benson,) r 28, dealer in fine merino registered sheep, 

pure blood Devon cattle, and farmer, 325. 
GOODRICH CHARLES B., (Benson,) r 5, 2d selectman, farmer, 275. 
GOODRICH CHARLES S., (Benson,) r37, 10 cows, farmer 115. 
Goodrich Hiram, (Benson,) r 26, farmer no. 
Goodrich Judson. D., (Hortonville,) r 8, laborer. 
Grinnell M. D. Mrs., (Benson,) r 16, widow R. W., farmer 100. 
GRINNELL SENECA C, (Benson,) r 16, farmer, works for Mrs. M. D. 

Grinnell, 100. 








ROAD 40, (SEE MAP,) 


JTTewton, m. d., 




Ste>m Pressup So/p Wo[[ks ! 

— Manufacture the Best Glycerine, Laundry and Machinists' Soap.^ 


."^HA VIN(,\ 

Works on Baxter Street Rendence 95 West Street, 





S. p. WILLIAMS, Proprietor. 


GRISWOLD JOSEPH S., (Benson,) r 35, breeder of merino sheep and 

Lambert and Patchen horses, farmer 400. 
HALE ALLEN L., (Benson Landing,) rig, dealer in dry goods, groceries, 

boots, shoes, hardware, postmaster, proprietor of ferry from Benson Land- 
ing to Putnam, N. Y. 
HALE HORACE, (Benson Landing,) r i8|, farmer 50, also row-boat and 

sleigh builder. 
Halstead Franklin G., (Benson,) r 31, farmer 119. 
Hasbrook Marvin S., (Benson,) r 40, farmer. 

Hasbrook see also Husbrook. 
Hassett William H., (Benson,) r 51, farmer 75. 
HAVEN REUBEN F., (Hortonville,) r 28, cooper and farmer 67. 
Haven Otis, (Benson,) r 26 farmer 30. 

HIER WHvLIAM G., (Benson,) r 7, farm laborer and sawyer. 
Higgins Alphonso, (Benson,) r 23, mail agent Benson to Benson Landing, 

farmer. " 

Higgins Francis, (Benson,) r 40, dairy 12 cows, farmer 270. 
HIGGINS JAMES, (Benson,) r 16, retired farmer, wood lot 6 acres. 
HIGGINS WILLIAM O., (Benson,) r 20, dairy 10 cows, farmer 175. 
HILL JOHN B., (Dresden Station, Washington county, N. Y.,) r 41J, 

fisherman, farmer 50 and leases of A. Gibbs of Whitehall, N. Y., 250. 
Howard Anna M., (Benson,) r 15, widow of E. S., farmer 350. 
HOWARD EDWARD S., (Benson,) cor. r 9 and 12, dairy 23 cows, farmer 

256 and woodland 250. 
HOWARD HENRY S., (Benson,) r 36, (H. & Reed,) first selectman. 
HOWARD JOHN M., (Benson,) r 26, dairy 16 cows, and wool grower, 

farmer, works on shares for J. J. Howard 230. 
Howard Junius J., (Benson,) r 26, farmer 230. 
HOWARD & REED, (Benson,) cor. r 23 and 22, (Henry S. H. & Frederick 

L. R.,) dealers in stoves, tin, wooden, glass, Japan and hollow wares, and 

agricultural tools of all kinds; agent for Wood's mowers and Yankee 

horse rakes, wheel harrow and automatic lamp. 
Hulburt Pomeroy K., (Hortonville,) r 10, farmer 90. 
HULETT HARVEY, (Dresden Station, N. Y.,) r 43, carpenter, shoemaker 

and farmer, 160. 
Hunt John D., (Benson,) r 26, farmer 80. 

HUNTER ELLSWORTH M., (Benson,) r 28, agent for all kinds of news- 
papers and job printing, farmer. 
Hunter Mahlon A., (Benson,) r. 34, farmer leases of F. W. Walkey, 140. 
HUSBROOK ZE:BINA D., (Benson,) r 40, breeder of fine registered merino 

sheep, dairy 10 cows, farmer 250. 
Husbrook, see also Hasbrook. 
JAKWAY LEMUEL W., (Benson,) r 4 it^, breeder of fine menno sheep, 

breeder of blooded horses, farmer 300. 
Jakway Thomas G., (Benson,) r 41^^, farmer, son of L. W. 
JOHNSON FRANCIS W., (Hortonville,) r 10, cider mill stave factory, 

shingle maker, farmer 80. 
JONES HENRY R., (Benson,) r 23, alio, physician and surgeon and farmer 

Kelley Matthew M., (Benson,) r 2, farmer works on shares for Mrs. Deborah 

C. Benson, of Orwell, 130. 
Kellogg L. Howard, (Benson,) cor. r 22 and 36, justice of peace, town clerk, 

farmer 170, 30 of mountain land. 


KING CHARLES M., (Benson,) r 46, wool grower, farmer 200, and works 

upon shares for M. F. King, 300. 
KING DAVID D., (Benson,) r 46^, wool grower, farmer 165. 
KING HENRY, (Benson,) r i8, dairy 16 cows, farmer 250. 
KING JOSEPH D., (Benson,) r 39, breeder of merino sheep, and farmer 

King Mosley F., (Benson,) r 46, farmer 500 acres. 
King Plimmon S., (Benson,) r 46, farmer, son of M. F. 
KING ROYAL C., (Benson,) r 16, house painter and kalsominer. 
KING ROYAL D., Hon. (Benson,) r 47, State Senator, farmer 170. 
KING WILLIAM S., (Benson,) r 15, farmer leases of Anna M. Howard, 


Knapp Herman E., (Benson,) r 22, general teaming and works 150 for Hor- 
ace Knapp. 

Knapp Horace, (Benson,) r 23, age 80 years, farmer 150. 

Ladd Kendall G., (Benson Landing,) r 18, farmer 200. 

Ladd Nelson G., (Benson,) r 22, farm laborer. 

LADD TRYPHENA, (Benson Landing,) r 18, widow P. G. Ladd, farmer 

Ladd Woodward N., (Benson,) r 24, manuf. of Ladd's celebrated Union 
Salve, farmer 200. 

Lavery Patrick, (Benson,) r 15, farmer, works upon shares for F. W. Walker 

Lavery Richard, (Orwell, Addison Co.,) r i, farmer leases of F. W. Walker 

LEE EUGENE S., (Benson,) r 40, farmer. 
Lee Noah F., (Benson,) r 40, dairy 25 cows, farmer 260. 
Leonard John, (Benson,) r 29, dairy 23 cows, farmer 212. 
Lewis George H., (Putnam Station, N. Y.,) r 18^, farmer 50. 
LEWIS HORACE S., (Benson Landing,) r 18^, farmer 40. 
Lewis James S., (Benson Landing,) r 18^, farmer 14 and 40 wood land. 
LITTLE HENRY R., (Benson,) r 20, farmer 100. 
Lyon George G. Rev., (Benson,) r 23, pastor of Congregational Church. 
Mahna Charles H., (Benson,) r 21, carpenter, and farmer 116. 
Manley Horace A., (Benson,) r 18, farmer 100. 

MANLEY ROXCENETH, (Benson,) r 18, widow of A. D., farmer 45. 
MARTIN MADISON M., (Benson Landing.) r 40, wool grower, farmer 180. 
Martin Peter, (Orwell, Addison Co.,) r 6, farmer 15 acres. 
*MARTIN ORSON C, (Benson,) r 40, breeder of fine registered merino 

sheep, breeder of pure blood Jersey cattle, farmer 200. 
May Frederick, (Benson,) r 51, farmer 300. 
McAUaster Albert H., (Benson,) r 18, dealer in horses, cattle, sheep and 

wool, and farmer no. 
McDonald EUGENE, (Benson,) r 26. lime burner, manuf. of quicklime, 

and farmer 150. 
McGUIRE JAMES, (Benson,) r 23, harness maker and carriage trimmer, 

leader of Orchestra band. 
McLaughlin Wilham, (Benson,) cor. r 5 and 13, farmer 9. 
Meacham Fred. E., (Benson,) cor. r 46 and 37, farm laborer. 
Meacham Pulaski, (Benson,) r 17, blacksmith and farmer 30. 
Morse George E., (Benson,) r 36, jour, carriage maker. 
Morse Ira E., (Benson,) r 7, saw mill, manuf. of lumber, shingles, lath and 

farmer 97. 



Moss George B., (Benson,) r 32, carpenter and joiner, and farmer 8. 

Munger Frank, (Benson,) 1 2, carpenter. 

Myers John B., (Dresden Station, N. Y.,) r 42, farmer 160. 

Naramore Chauncey A., (Benson,) r 23, tin peddler. 

*NEVVTON JOSEPH P., (Benson,) r 23 ^ alio, physician and surgeon. 

Nickerson William T., (Benson,) r 5, farmer 85, and leases of S. Howe of 

Iowa City acres. 

NOBLE LOREN S., (Benson,) r 47, dairy 12 cows, farmer 106, 16 of wood 

NORTON C. S. MRS., (Benson,) r 47, widow, daughter of Isaac Dickinson. 
NORTON ELIAS, (Benson,) r 12, dairy 9 cows, farmer 95. 
Norton George P., (Benson,) r 12, farmer, works upon shares for A. J. Dick- 
inson, 120. 
Norton Samuel K., (Benson,) r 20, farmer leases of Augusta S. and Clara W. 

Carter, 180. 
O'DONALD NELSON, (Benson,) cor. r 34 and ^:^, gristmill, and saw mill, 

cider mill, planing mill and farmer 44. 
Olmsted William D., (Benson,) r 22, retired farmer house and lot, 82 ys. of age, 
ORKINS ANSON A., (Hortonville,) r 10, wheelright, teacher of music. 

leader of string band, manuf. of mittens, farmer 36. 
Osgood David L., (Benson,) r 16, farmer. 
Pattison Morton, (Benton,) r 39, farmer. 

Pattison Robert H., (Benson,) r 39, dairy 13 cows, and farmer 130. 
PECK John F., (Benson,) r 48, farm laborer for R. Sherwood. 
Pender Edwin, (Benson,) r 5, farmer 150. 
Perkins Adin M., (Benson,) cor. r 52 and 49, dairy 28 cows, farmer leases 

of Amasa Briggs, 400. 
Perry Calvin, (Benson,) r 20 farmer. 
Perry Calvin O., (Hortonville,) r 8, farm laborer. 
Pierce Amos, (Benson,) r 39, farm laborer. 

Pitts Aaron L., (Benson,) r46, ins. agent and dealer in fruit trees. 
Pitts WilUam S., (Benson,) r 46, farm laborer. 
Potter Eugene, (Benson,) r 23, farmer 100. 
Potter Mary Mrs., (Benson,) r 13, widow of David, farmer 100. 
Potter Ralph, (Benson,) r 13, farmer 200. 
Pratt Sylvester, (Benson,) r 40, farmer i^. 
Proctor Lawrence N., (Benson,) r 47, dealer in live stock, butcher, dairy 18 

cows, farmer 150. 
Rabitau Anthony, (Benson,) r 7, farm laborer. 

RANSOM WILLIAM A., (Benson,) r 24, attorney-at-law, and farmer 120. 
REED EDWIN R., (Benson,) r 23, postmaster, harness maker, and agent 

for all kinds of periodicals, books and papers. 
REED FREDERICK L., (Benson,) r 23, (Howard & R.) 
Reed Jonas, (Benson,) r 23, proprietor of Union Hotel. 
RICE MARTIN C, (Hortonville,) r 8, agent Vermont Fire Insurance Co., 

town agent; First Assistant Judge County Court; farmer 564, also 400 

in Hubbardton, and 370 in New Haven, and 350 in Orwell, Ad. Co. 
Root Amos N., (Benson,) r 51, carpenter and joiner, son of Stephen. 
ROOT GEORGE, (Benson,) r S3, farmer 200. 
Root Henry S., (Hortonville,) r 10, farmer 140. 
Root Jasper R., (Benson,) r 51, (son of Stephen,) farmer. 
ROOT STEPHEN, (Benson,) r 51, dairy 25 cows, farmer 400. 
Sears George, (Benson,) r 50, (son of John,) farmer. 


Sears John, (Benson,) r 50, dairy 20 cows, farmer 200. 

Shea K(hnoud, (Benson,) r 7, farmer 150. 

Sherman Albert G., (Benson,) r 23, blacksmith, farmer 4. 

Sherwood Reuben, (Benson,) r 48, dairy 15 cows, farmer 136. 

Sird Dennis, (Benson,) r 7, wagon maker and blacksmith. 

Skeels Samuel K., (Hortonville,) r 10, farmer 15. 

Skeels William N., (Benson,) r 5, farmer 51. 

SLEIGHT ALEXANDER, (Benson,) r 44, dairy 9 cows, farmer 100. 

SMITH ELLIOTT E., (Hortonville,) r 11, carpenter, joiner and builder, 

and farmer 28. 
Smith Sidney E., (Benson,) r 41^, farm laborer. 
Southworth Henry M., (Benson,) r 22, agent for Mutual Ins. Co. of Windsor 

Co., and marble dealer. 
Southworth Julia A. Miss, (Benson,) r 22, dress and cloak maker. 
STACY, JULIUS L., (Orwell, Addison Co.,) r 5, breeder of Cotswold 

sheep, stock grower, farmer 60 in Benson, and 90 Orwell. 
Stickney Moses, (Benson Landing,) r 2, breeder of Hambletonian horses, 

farmer 250. 
STRONG EZRA, (Benson,) r 36, wagon maker, carpenter, and farmer 47, 

and 50 acres of wood land; his age is 90 years. 
STRONG HENRY E., (Benson,) r 23, (Strong cSc Bro.) 
Strong Stephen C, (Benson,) r 23, retired wagon maker, 80 years old. 
STRONG WILLARD E., (Benson,) r 23, (Strong & Brother,) town repre- 
STRONG & BROTHER, (Benson,) cor. r 23 and 35, (Henry E. and Wil- 

lard E.,) carriage, wagon and sleigh makers, blacksmiths and farmers 150. 
Sutliff Emons, (Hortonville,) r 10, farmer 23. 
Talman William H., (Benson,) r 35, farmer and mason. 
Taylor Edwin, (Benson,) cor. r 31 and 30, farm laborer. 
Thomas Leonard, (Hortonville,) r 9, (hves with N. M. Babbit.) 
Twine Lewis, (Benson,) r ;^;^, farm laborer and mason. 
Union Hotel, (Benson,) r 23, Jonas Reed, proprietor. 
Walker Arunah, (Benson,) r 40^, farmer 1000. 
Walker Barnard L., (Benson,) r 7, (son of C. R.) farmer. 
Walker Charles E., (Benson,) r 7, farmer, leases of A. A. Kidder, of Castle- 
ton, 175. 
Walker Charles R., (Benson,) r 7, farmer no. 

WALKER EDWIN A., (Benson,) r 47, dairy 20 cows, farmer 170. 
Walker Emeline, (Hortonville,) r 9, (widow William T.,) farmer 130. 
WALKER FRANKLIN W., Benson,) r 23, justice peace, town treas. and 

farmer 1000. 
WALKER JOHN D., (Hortonville,) r it, farmer 80. 
Walker Nathan H., (Benson.) r 26, dairy 12 cows, farmer works on shares for 

J. D. Hunt, So. 
Walker Rockwell P., (Benson,) r 23, (W. & Cowee,) farmer 20. 
Walker Samuel B., (Hortonville,) r 9, farmer 30 in Sudbury. 
WALKER WILLIAM H., (Benson,) r 7, manuf. of shingles, carpenter and 

WALKER & COWEE, (Benson,) r 2;^, (Rockwell P. W. and Franklin W. 

C.,) dealers in dry goods, groceries, boots, shoes, rubbers, ready made 

clothing, furnishing undertakers. 
WAIT DANIEL, (Benson,) r 31, general dealer in live stock, dairy 35 cows, 

farmer 1000. 


Wait Fred., (Benson,) 131, farmer, son of Daniel. 

Wait Samuel, (Benson Landing,) r 20, farmer. 

Ward William W., (Benson,) r 23, tinner. 

Watts Charles, (Benson,) r 15, merchant tailor. 

WEST SAMUEL G., (Benson,) r 2, farm laborer. 

West Samuel, Sen., (Benson,) r 22, laborer. 

Wetherby Andrew J., (Benson,) r 20, farmer 3. 

WHEELER EDWIN S., (Benson,) r 32, blacksmith and farmer. 

White Henry K., (Hortonville,) r 8, farmer 75. 

Wilcox Augustus, (Benson,) r 12, dairy to cows, farmer 110. 

Wilcox Corban G., (Benson,) r 15, farm laborer. 

WILCOX ISA Z. N., (Benson,) r 47, teacher of piano, organ and vocal 

Wilcox Maturin E., (Benson,) r 47, farmer leases of Edwin Walker, 60. 
WILCOX PHILO E., (Benson,) r 48, dairy 18 cows, selectman, farmer 400. 
WiUiams Henry G., (Hortonville,) r 28, farmer, son of Horace. 
WILLIAMS HORACE, (Hortonville,) r 28, dealer in fine merino sheep, 

farmer 255. 
Williams Simon H., (Hortonville,) r 28, farmer. 
WilUamson John M., (Benson Landing,) r 18, farmer 160. 
WINCHESTER CHARLES R., (Benson,) r 37, farmer 50, and works on 

shares for W. J. Goodrich, of Varco, Min., 96. 
Woodward Nathan, (Benson,) r 31, farmer 160. 
Wylie Jacob, (Benson,) r 32, farmer 105. 

Yale Mynders, (Benson Landing,) rig, carpenter and joiner, farmer 40. 
Young Adolphus, (Benson,) r36, carriage ironer. 
Young Harry J., (Benson,) r 51^ farmer 80 acres, miller, works at Brandon. 


(For AhbrevkUions, &c., See Page 257.) 

AHN PHILLIP, (Brandon,) tinsmith and plumber at Briggs Bros., h 

Aikens George, (Forestdale,) journeyman blacksmith, Main. 
Alden Hiram, (Brandon,) r 7, old resident has lived in town 56, and is 80 

years of age, owns farm 120 and meadow 14, worked by George J. Fish, 
Alexander Hiram, (Brandon,) r 35, laborer. 
Allen Hiram, (Brandon,) laborer, h Depot. 

Allen Major F., (Forestdale,) carpenter and joiner, house and lot. 
Anoe Joseph, (Forestdale,) laborer, for Newton & Thompson. 
Archambeault Isaac, (Brandon,) stone mason, h Carver. 
Archambeault Osias, (Brandon,) farm laborer, with Isaac. 
Arial Michael, (Brandon,) farm laborer, Conant Square. 
ARNOLD JAMES G., (Brandon,) r 19, farmer i. 
Ayer Ira, (Forestdale,) r 11, is 83 years old, farmer 136. 
AYER JOHN, (Brandon,) r 2, farmer 135. 

PURE DRUGS and MEDICINES at lowest prices at F. H. 
CHAPMAN & CO.'S, opp. the Depot, RUTLAND, VT. 



Ayer Melvin, (Forestdale,) farmer with Ira. 

BACKUS CLARK W., (Brandon,) r 46 cor. 47, saw, cider, shingle and plan- 
ing mill and manufacturer of grain measures, h r 32. 

BACON FORDICE W., (Brandon,) assistant postmaster, h High. 

Bacon Lewis, (Brandon,) r 36, farmer 3^. 

Bacon Samuel, (Brandon,) r 55, farmer, leases 300 of H. C. Harrison. 

Bailer WilUam H., (Brandon,) painter for Howe Scale Co., at Rutland, h 
P earl. 

Bailey Augustus, (Brandon,) r 40 cor. 35, farmer 7|-. 

BAKER ALMON G., (Forestdale,) is 70 years old, dry goods and grocer- 
ies, farmer 5. 

Baker Ambrose, (Brandon,) r 35, farm laborer. 

Baker Harry, (Forestdale,) laborer, 4 Main. 

Baker L. Melvin, (Forestdale,) r 14,3d selectman, justice of peace, breeder 
of horses and farmer 275. 









•n Z 


■^ « 


ti < 





^1 cj 






BARDV HENRY E., (Brandon,) kook -keeper and senior clerk at C. H. 

Ross & Co.'s, h Union. 
Barker George, (Brandon,) r i6|^, engineer at Columbian mill at Rutland, 

farmer 80. 
Barker John C, (Brandon,) r i6|, farmer on shares for Geo. Barker, 80, and 

works at stone mill. 
BARKER JOHN L., (Brandon,) dealer in dry goods, Park, h Carver. 


Barker Lewis, (Brandon,) old resident, is now 84 years of age. 

Barker Loyal R., (Brandon,) dealer in poultry, oysters, fish, and painter, h 

Barkum Daniel, (Forestdale,) r 27, laborer. 

Barlow Lewis, (Brandon,) horse doctor and farmer, 75, h Union. 

Barnard Ira, (Brandon,) r 3, farmer 100. 

Barnard William, (Ikandon,; r 5, farmer 130, and in Leicester, Add., Co. 12. 

Barnes L. Parsons, (Brandon,) r 23, farmer 250. 

Barrows Henry, (Brandon,) j)rinter, h R. R. 

Bartlett Adelaide Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of William, nurse, h depot. 

BARTLETT FRANK P., (Brandon,) r 52, with Geo. M., dairyman, manu- 
facturer of maple sugar, and farmer 300. 

BARTLETT GEORGE M., (Brandon,) r 52, with Erank P., dairyman, 
manufacturer of maple sugar, and farmer 300. 

Bartlett Nancy, (Brandon,) r 52, widow of Benjamin P., farmer 39. 

Bashaw Alexander, (Forestdale,) machinist at Newton & Thompson's. 

Bashaw Charles, (Brandon,) farm laborer, French. 

Bashaw Charles, (Brandon,) teamster, h Maple. 

Bashaw Francis, (Brandon,) laborer, h Barlow ave. 

Bashaw Mary, (Brandon,) nurse, h Maple. 

Bashaw Usebe, (Brandon,) r 25, farmer, leases of Dr. D. W. Prime 150 acres. 

Bassett Albert, (Forestdale,) r 26, one arm laborer, formerly soldier. 

Beadle William D., (Brandon,) r 4, farmer 90. 

Beam Alfred, (Brandon,) r — laborer, 1 acre. 

Beauregard Alfred, (Brandon,) r 2, laborer. 

Beauregard Peter, (Brandon,) r 36, laborer. 

Beckhorn Urbin, (Forestdale,) laborer and farmer 4. 

Bedinger Henry Rev., (Brandon,) Rector of St. Thomas' Church Seminary. 

Bickford Alvin, (Forestdale,) laborer at Newton & Thompson's. 

Bickford Edwin F., (Brandon,) laborer, R. R. freight office, h Rossiter 

Bigelow Ebenezer G., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Pearl. 

BIGELOW EDWARD L., (Brandon,) traveling salesman, fancy dry goods. 

Bishop Joseph M., (Brandon,) resident, h Pearl 6 acres. 

Blackbird Cammeal, (Brandon,) shoemaker, n Maple. 

BLACKMER DENISON, (Brandon,) farmer 200, h Pearl. 

Blackmer Hiram E., (Brandon,) printer, at Otter Creek News office, bds 

BLACKMER HIRAM, (Brandon,) real estate owner, director First Na- 
tional Bank, residence, 17 Pearl. 

BLACKMER WILLIAM H., (Brandon,) dealer in boots and shoes. Central. 

Blair Peter, (Brandon,) r 35, laborer. 

Blake John, (Brandon,) r 39, laborer and farmer 10. 

Blanchard Austin, (Brandon,) (Blanchard & Hope,) h Champlain. 

Blanchard Delia, (Brandon,) dry goods clerk, Champlain. 

Blanchard & Hope, (Brandon,) (Austin B. and Peter H.) horse shoeing and 
general blacksmithing, Center. 

Bliss Fred C, (Brandon,) clerk at Wm. G. Simonds, bds Grove. 

Bliss James, (Brandon,) clerk at Clark's tobacco store, h Grove. 

Bly Lott, (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Grove. 

Boardman Turner, (Brandon,) jobber, h Rossiter. 

Boland Edward J., (Brandon,) blind, no occupation, with Timothy. 

BOLAND TIMOTHY, (Brandon,) manuf. of revolving barrel churns and 
cooper, h Champlain. 


Bondville Napoleon, (Brandon,) laborer at Sprague & Co.'s counter and stay 

Boreyjohn, (Brandon,) carpenter, h Maple. 

Bowen Sarah L. Mrs., (Brandon,) resident, h Champlain. 

BOYNTON CHARLES S., (Brandon,) (Boynton eV- Manchester,) sec. Ver- 
mont Pharmaceutical Association, h P>ankhn. 

BOYNTON & MANCHESTER, (Brandon,) (Charles S. Boynton & Frank 
N. Manchester,) druggists and dealers in paints, oils glass, &c., 2 Park. 

Brandon Graded School, Herbert W. Kittredge, principal Seminary Place. 

*BRANDON HOUSE, (Brandon,) Gardiner Bros., Proprietors, (John L. 
Charles H. and James P.,) Park. 

Brandon Mining Company, (Brandon,) James Havermire, President, New 
York City, J. C. Oram, supt., manuf. of paints and kaolin. 

BRANDON NATIONAL BANK, (Brandon,) Pres. Erastus D. Thayer; 
Vice-Pres., Cyrus Jennings; Cashier, Frank E. Briggs, Central. 

*BRANDON UNION The, (Brandon,) Stillman B. Ryder, editor and pro- 
prietor, published every Friday, Center, 

Brassor Amos, (Brandon,) h. Maple. 

Brassor Frank, (Brandon,) r 35, farm laborer. 

BREED AUGUSTUS L., (Brandon,) r 54, framer leases of Joseph Noyes 
100, and manuf. of maple sugar. 

BRIDE HENRY W., (Brandon,) r ^^, farmer leases of Stephen June, 130. 

BRIGGS CHARLES W., (Brandon,") (Briggs Bros.,) member of prudential 
committee of fire district, h Park. 

Briggs Edward W., (Brandon,) jeweler, h Park. 

BRIGGS FRANK E., (Brandon,) (Briggs Bros.) cashier at Brandon Na- 
tional Bank, and town treasurer, h Park. 

BRIGGS GEORGE, (Brandon,) (Ormsbee & Briggs,) town clerk, h Union 
cor. Central. 

BRIGGS HENRY D., (Brandon,) manuf. of wagons, carriages, sleighs, 
harness, Conant Square, h Franklin. 

Briggs Louise Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Sumner, resident. Park. 

Briggs Nelson, (Brandon,) r 4, breeder of Spanish merino sheep, and farmer 

BRIGGS SUMNER J., (Brandon,) carriage, house and sign painting, Conant 
Square, h Champlain. 

BRIGGS BROS., (Brandon,) (Charles W. and Frank E.,) dealers in hard- 
ware, stoves and tinware, coal, &c., Central. 

Bright John D., (Brandon,) r 47, laborer. 

Brink Truman, (Brandon,) r 7, laborer. 

Brooks Joseph, (Brandon,) r 55, laborer. 

Brown Dudley C, (Brandon,) Supt. of C. N. Bishop marble works on r 38, 
h Park. 

Brown Hirarn, (Brandon,) r 22, farmer in Adison county, 100. 

Brown Loyal R., (Brandon,) farmer 50, h Grove. 

Brown Mary A. Miss, (Brandon,) milliner, shop Park. 

Brown Ransford A., (Brandon,) h Grove. 

Brunelle Henry E., (Brandon,) clerk at Edward D. Thayer's, h Union. 

Buckland Harmon L., r 19, farmer 96. 

Buckland Hiram M., (Brandon,) r 21, farmer 189. 

Buell Edward H., (Brandon,) r ;^^, butcher and dealer in poultry, farmer 70. 

BUMP CHARLES H., (Forestdale,) engineer at Newton & Thompson's and 
foreman m sawing department, and carpenter, h and 1. 


Bump Christopher C, (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's. 

Bump Hannah, widow of Emelus, dress making, h Park. 

Bump Horace, (Forestdale,) sawyer at Newton & Thompson's. 

Bump Minerva L. Mrs. (Brandon,) dress making, h Park. 

Bush Pixley, (Brandon,) farmer 5, h Champlain. 

Bush Rock, (Forestdale,) sawyer. 

Buttles Hiram S., (Brandon,) restaurant, billiard room, etc., and farmer 20, 

Buttles Mary S., (Brandon,) resident, Prospect. 

Buttles Stephen L., (Brandon,) r 25, farmer 130, leases of Minerva A. Taft. 
Button Frank R., (Brandon,) hardware, cement, phosphate, etc., Conant 

Button William D., (Brandon,) laborer, 2 Vineyard. 
Cady Alfred, (Brandon,) works at Wm. G. Simon ds, h depot. 
Cagle Isaac C, (Brandon,) blacksmith at Henry D. Briggs', h Barlow ave. 
Cahee James, (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Vineyard. 
CAHEE JAMES L., (Brandon,) (James L. & Co.,) farmer, leases of John A. 

Conant 700, h Prospect. 
CAHEE LEWIS J., (Brandon,) with James L. & Co., miller, h Seminary. 
CAHEE REBECCA B., (Brandon,) James L. & Co., widow of John, Jr., h 

Conant square. 
CAHEE J. L. & CO.. (Brandon,) James L. & Rebecca B., grist mill, meat 

market, and dealers in flour, grain, etc., Conant square. 
Cameron George, (Brandon,) laborer. 
Cameron Philip, (Brandon,) R. R. track hand. 

Campbell Ed Romanzo, (Brandon,) clerk at James L. Cahee &: Co's, h Park. 
Campbell Geo. H., (Brandon,) r 2 farmer 45. 
Campbell Susan G., (Brandon,) r 2, widow of Jason K., resident i. 
Capen Adeliza C, (Forestdale,) widow of John, resident. 
Capen Maria A. Mrs., (Brandon,) wife of N. S., dressmaking. Seminary hill. 
CAPEN NATHAN S., (Brandon,) sole proprietor of Carrotine, the Gi'U 

Edge Butter Color, h Carver. 
CAPRON CHAUNCEY, (Brandon,) r 5, farmer 166, is now 74 years old. 
CAPRON SAMUEL A., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner. 
Carr Almina, (Brandon,) r 2, resident. 

CARR CARLOS W. Maj., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h High. 
CARR EDWIN G., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Frankhn. 
CARR WARNER C, (Brandon,) carpenter, Franklin. 

Carslile Misses Calista J. and Lydia A., (Brandon,) dressmaking, h FrankHn. 
Carslile Ransom J., (Brandon,) moulder, h FrankHn. 
Carson James M., (Brandon,) r 15, farmer 60. 
Cary John, (Brandon,) r 34, farmer 14. 

Casavaw John M., (Brandon, box 21,) tinsmith for Stafford & Phelps. 
Case Albert B., (Brandon,) r 27, farmer 76. 

CASE CHAUNCEY L., Dr., (Brandon,) retired druggist, h Park. 
Gasman Michael, (Brandon,) r 26, farmer 12. 
Catlin Wm. M., (Brandon,) general insurance agent, Simonds block. Center 

street, h Marble. 
Gavins John, (Brandon,) laborer, h Champlain. 
Chamberlain Leonard, (Forestdale,) r 26, farmer 12. 
Chandler Frank, (Brandon,) prop, of Silver Lake House (Summer) in town 

of Leicester, county of Addison, and member of Silver Lake Holi- 
ness Association, and farmer 500, and mountain2, 500, on which is 

located Silver Lake. 



Chase John, (Brandon,) painter, h Park. 

Chattelle Joseph, (Brandon,) r 22, laborer. 

Cheney Josiah W., (Brandon,) r 31 cor 32, with Wilber B., farmer 100. 

Cheney Wilber B., (Brandon,) r 31 cor. 32, with Josiah \V., farmer 100, has 

always lived on this farm, is now 74 years old. 
Child Geo. C, teamster owns meadow 5, h and 1. 
CHAPLAU ADOLPHE, (Brandon,) manuf. of wagons, carriages, sleighs, 

etc., Conant Square, h r 37. 
Christie John, (Brandon,) prop, of foundry and manuf. of match boxes, 

CHURCHILL GEO. H., (Forestdale,) r 13, saw, planing and eave spout 

mill, manuf. of lumber, ladders, etc. 
Churchill Nathan H., (Forestdale,) r 13, speculator and farmer, 1,000. 
Clark George W., (Brandon,) r — , laboror. 

Clark Jane S., (Brandon,) widow of Niron, resident, h Grove, 14 acres. 
Clark Zachariah, (Brandon,) dealer in tobacco and cigars, Center, h Park 

farmer 35. 
Clarke George, (Brandon,) r 26, farmer 3^. 
Clines Patrick, (Brandon,) produce dealer, h Grove. 

Coburn Elizabeth Miss, (Brandon,) dress making and millinery, Franklin. 
Coburn Harriet Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Orm, resident. 
Cole Joseph, (Brandon,) h Maple. 
Collins Cornelius, (Brandon,) laborer. Railroad. 
Collins CorneUus, (Forestdale,) r 11, farmer 16. 
Collins John, (Forestdale,) r 11, farmer 56. 
CoUins Thomas, (Forestdale,) r 28, laborer. 
Colson Charles H. (Brandon,) r 9, supt. of town farm, 150 acres. 
CONANT JOHN A., (Brandon,) resident of Brandon 80 years, h Conant 

Conant Rachel F., (Brandon,) widow of Chauncey W., resident, Conant 

CONDON JOHN, (Brandon,) truckman, h Rossiter. 
Conner Sarah, (Brandon,) r 34, widow of Erastus, farmer 5 acres. 
Cook Abbie F., (Brandon,) widow of Royal J., boarding house, h Champlain. 
Cook Alonzo S. Capt., (Brandon,) r 47, cor. 48, farmer 200. 
Cook Fred. A., (Brandon,) printer, bds Champlain. 
Cool Charles V., (Brandon,) manuf. boots and shoes, Center. 
Cooley James T., (Brandon,) teamster and jobber. Grove. 
Copeland Henry C, (Brandon,) cashier of First National Bank of Brandon, 

and farmer 340, occupied by Horace EUis, h Park. 
CRAM SARAH G. Mrs., (Brandon,) tailoress, Rossiter. 
Crooks Darius A., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Union. 
Crooks Lucius H., (Brandon,) r 55, carpenter and farmer 5. 
Cross Frank, (Brandon,) r 22, laborer. 
Cross Henry C., (Brandon,) carpenter, h Prospect. 
Cross James, (Brandon,) carpenter and farmer 60. 
Cross Peter, (Brandon,) laborer. 
Cross Peter, Jr., (Brandon,) laborer. 

GROSSMAN GEORGE A., (Brandon,) druggist. Center, bds Conant Square. 
Culbert Henrietta K. and Jessie F., (Brandon,) milliners, High. 
Culbert Mary, (Brandon,) widow of James, laundry, High. 












BffiAKl)®^. irEMMOMT. 

-^^^^ ►-• — < w^ 






Cunningham Thomas, (Brandon,) r 23, laborer. 

Daggett Manning, (Brandon,) retired, h Carver. 

DAILY PATRICK, (Brandon,) r 46, dairy 15 cows and farmer 100. 

Daly Michael, (Brandon,) laborer, h Prospect. 

Dana EHza A., (Brandon,) widow of Dr. Anderson G., resident, h Park cor. 

Daniels Hubbard, (Brandon,) with Jane W., h Carver. 

Daniels Jane W., (Brandon,) h Carver. 

Darrow Nelson, (Forestdale,) wheelwright, leases h Main. 

Dean Austin S., (Brandon,) farmer. Culver. 

Dean WiUiam H., (Brandon,) r 35, dairy 20 cows, 150 grade sheep, and 
farmer 400. 

DeGARMO JOHN, (Brandon,) r 48, farmer 150. 

DeKay James C, (Forestdale,) manufacturer of wagons and sleighs. 

Delphay Edward, (Brandon,) r 48, carpenter. 

Delphay John, (Brandon,) r 48, farmer 30. 

Deno Henry, (Brandon,) r 2, laborer. 

Deno Moses, (Brandon,) r 22, laborer. 

Desordee Frederick. (Forestdale,) asst. machinist at Newton & Thompson's. 

Desordee John, (Brandon,) journeyman shoemaker. Depot. 

Desordee Joseph, (Brandon,) r 34 farm laborer. 

Desotell Frank, (Brandon,) works scale works at Rutland, farmer lo, h 

DesRochers Vital B., (Brandon,) custom blacksmithing. Grove. 
Dimmock Alpheus, (Brandon,) with Sylvester Moulton, farmer. 

Dixon Margaret Mrs., (Brandon.) h Carver. 

Dixon Michael, (Brandon,) laborer. Carver. 

Dodge Geo. F., (Brandon,) farmer 12, h Franklin. 

Dodge Joel C, (Brandon,) dealer in wood, and farmer near Seminary. 

Donelly Mary Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Peter, h Rossiter. 

Dow Isaac, (Brandon,) sash, blinds, doors, lumber, glass, &c., Conant 

Square, h Grove. 
DRAPER ALBERT J. R., (Brandon,) harness maker and dealer in harness, 

whips, robes, &c.. Center, h Carver. 
Duclaw Moses, (Brandon,) laborer. Vineyard. 

DuClow Catherine, (Brandon,) washerwoman, opp. Conant Square. 
Dugherty Bros., (Brandon,) r 29, (John & WiUiam,) dealers in produce and 

farmers 100, and in Leicester, meadow, 25. 
Durant Geo., (Brandon,) runs saw-mill at Ticonderoga, N. Y., r 2, h Grove. 
Durgy Orin A., (Brandon,) cabinet maker, with H. H. Hill, h Carver. 
DURKEE SHUBAEL C. C, (Brandon,) manufacturer and dealer in lumber, 
shingle, spool stock, etc., also planing and matching ; petit juror and fence 
viewer, and farmer 100. 
DUTTON JOHN, (Brandon,) carpenter, h Walnut. 
Dutton Joseph P., (Forestdale,) r 9, farmer, occupies 30. 
Dutton Mehitable, (Forestdale,) r 9, farmer 30. 

DYER OLIN G., (Brandon,) physician and surgeon, and U. S. pension sur- 
geon, Franklin. 
ECKLEY WILLIAM, (Brandon,) butcher and meat market. Central, h 

Edson EUas F., (Brandon,) r 38, farmer 45. 
Edson Lydia T., (Brandon,) widow Dr. M. F., h Carver. 
Eddy Norman H., (Brandon,) (N. H. Eddy & Co.,) h Park. 



Eddy N. H. & Co., (Brandon,) (Norman H. Eddy, Levi Hasseltine,) dealers in 

boots, shoes, leather, etc., Park. 
ELLIS HORACE, (Brandon,) r 5, dairy 34 cows, stock grower, breeder of 

fine merino sheep, registered, and farmer 340. 
ELLIS WILLIAM W., (Brandon,) r 16, farmer with Anson Warner 50, and 

100 in Goshen, Add. Co. 
Elkins Stephen D. Rev., (Brandon,) pastor M. E. church, Franklin. 
Engels John, (Brandon,) formerly merchant tailor, h Park. 
ESTABROOK JOHN F., (Brandon,) chief painter at Howe scale works, at 

Rutland, h Grove. 
Esty Elom A., (Forestdale,) r 27, laborer at paint works. 
Fales Emeline, (Brandon,) h Carver. 

Farr Hiram G., (Brandon,) vice-pres. Sprague Counter and Stay Co., h Park. 
Farrington Franklin, (Brandon,) farmer 300, Pearl. 
*FARRINGTON FREDERICK H., (Brandon,) breeder and dealer in 

merino sheep, registered, justice of peace, and farmer, 350, h Pearl. 
FAY CHARLES A., (Brandon,) farmer 105, h Park cor. Marble. 
Fenneff Austin, (Brandon,) laborer, h depot. 
Ferre H. Clayton, (Brandon,) clerk and telegraph operator, C. V. R. R. depot, 

bds Douglass House. 
Ferris Anson E., (Brandon,) laborer. 
FIELD STEARNS J., (Brandon,) r 2, farmer 400 in Goshen and 62 in 

FIFIELD HIRAM M., (Brandon,)- harness maker and carriage trimming 

shop, Conant scjuare, h School, cor Walnut. 

Sprague, pres., Volney Ross, vice-pres., Henry C. Copeland, cashier, 

FISH CARLTON R., (Brandon,) machinist and engineer, agt Wheeler & 

Wilson Manufacturing Company. 
FISH GEORGE J., (Brandon,) r 7, farmer, works on shares 120, 5 acres 

swamp and 30 acres meadow, owned by Hiram Alden. 
Fisk James F., (Brandon,) r 19, farmer ;^;^. 
Fitch Hiram H., (Forestdale,) r 14, carpenter, i acre. 
Fitzgerald Charles T., (Brandon,) painter. 
Fitzgerald John, (Forestdale,) r 28, Mason. 

Fletcher John G., (Brandon,) butcher for James L. Cahee & Co., h Union. 
FLINT FRANCIS W., (Brandon,) carpenter and designer, picture frames, 

light scroll sawing and turning, and cabinet work, Marble. 
Flood Rufus C, (Brandon,) printer, bds with D. C. Hackett. 
Foley James, (Forestdale,) teamster for Newton & Thompson. 
Forbes Cornele H., (Brandon,) formerly of the firm of Pitts & Forbes, general 

insurance agent, justice of peace, and notary public, h Park. 
Forbes Freeman R., (Brandon,) resident, Park. 
FORBES ROBERT, (Brandon,) retired druggist, Park. 
FORD EMMA A., (Brandon,) resident with Sophia. 
Ford Orville, (Brandon,) retired mechanic, h Grove. 
FORD SOPHIA B., (Brandon,) widow of Wm. W., farmer 100. 
Forest Joseph, (Forestdale,) teamster. 

Forgites Charles, (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's. 
Fortier Antoine, (Brandon,) r 22, laborer. 
Fortier Frank, (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's. 
Fortier Francis, (Forestdale,) r 9, farmer 60. 


Fortier Lewis J., (Forestdale,) justice of peace, book-keeper at Newton & 

Thompson's turning works. 
Fortier Lewis, Jr., (Forestdale,) laborer for Newton & Thompson. 
Fosbay Samuel, (Brandon,) carpenter. River. 
Fosby Henry, (Forestdale,) laborer. 
Fosby William H., (Forestdale,) laborer. 

FREEMAN CHARLES G., (Brandon,) miller, h Conant Square. 
FRENCH ELAM, (Brandon,) r 23, wool grower and farmer 200. 
Frenier Frank, (Brandon,) carpenter, h at Forestdale. 
FULLER EMERY, (Brandon,) r i, farmer 140. 
Fuller Frank E., (Brandon,) r i, farmer, with Emery Fuller. 
Gadoree John, (Brandon,) r 35, laborer. 
GARDINER CHARLES H., (Brandon,) (Gardiner Bros.) 
GARDINER JAMES P., (Brandon,) (Gardiner Bros.) 
GARDINER JOHN L. (Brandon,) (Gardiner Bros.) 
*GARDINER BROS., (Brandon,) (Charles H., James P. and John L.,) 

proprietors of Brandon House, Park. 
Garron Joseph, (Brandon,) mason, h Goldspink ave. 
Garron Eugene, (Forestdale,) r 9, laborer. 
Garron Michael, (Forestdale,) r g, laborer. 
Gary George, (Brandon,) laborer. Railroad. 
German John B., (Brandon,) r 40, farmer 12. 
German Joseph, (Brandon,) laborer, River. 
Germond DeWitt, (Brandon,) teamster, h High. 
Germond James, (Brandon,) farmer in Sudbury 150, h Champlain. 
Gibbs Austin D., (Brandon,) commercial traveler, bds Douglass House. 
Gibson Alvah, (Brandon,) wood sawyer, h Depot. 
GIPSON HENRY M., (Brandon,) lumber dealer, h Seminary, 
Glynn Bridget, (Forestdale,) r 28, widow of Frank, farmer 4. 
Glynn John, (Forestdale,) r 28, laborer. 

Godfrey George N., (Brandon,) hair dressing shop, Brandon House, h Carver. 
Goldspink Samuel, (Brandon,) laborer, h Goldspink ave. 
GOODELL STEPHEN L., (Brandon,) dealer in marble, breeder and dealer 

in thoroughbred horses, and farmer 250. 
Goodnough Daniel, (Brandon,) farmer 345, occupied by WiUis J. Goodnough, 

h Park. 
Goodnough Hannah G., (Brandon,) widow of Elijah, farmer 40. 
Goodnough W. Judson, (Brandon,) r 43, farmer, leases of Daniel. 
Goodnough Wallace E., (Brandon,) r 55, farmer, works on shares 165 owned 

by Mrs. Julia E. Paine and John L. Knight. 
Goodnough Willis, (Brandon,) r 48, farmer 25. 
Goodrich Delano F., (Whitehall, N. Y., or Brandon,) r 55, farmer 85 and 

mountain 600. 
Goodrich Mrs. Rachel, (Brandon,) widow of Butler A., resident, FrankHn. 
Goss Charles L., (Brandon,) lawyer, town supt. of schools, h Park. 
Goss Warren A., (Brandon,) deputy sheriff and farmer 500, occupied by B. 

Williams, h Park. 
Goulait Louis, (Brandon,) journeyman shoemaker, h Depot. 
Gould Henry, (Forestdale,) laborer. 
Gould Wm., (Forestdale,) laborer. 
Graves Julius, (Brandon,) resident, h Seminary Place. 





|m^HE GARDINER BROTHERS having secured a lease of this well- 
'e-h^ known house, take pleasure in announcing to their friends and the 
\ I public that it will be conducted in first-class style. The house contains 
V fifty large and well-ventilated rooms, single and ensuite, and has lately 
been refitted with modern improvements — being heated by steam, rooms 
well-furnished with spring beds and hair mattresses, and bell connection with 
office. Large and well-furnished parlors and spacious dining room, and an 
abundant supply of pure water is brought through iron pipes from Mountain 
Lake five miles distant. Two piazzas run the entire length of the house, 
facing a beautiful park of maple trees. 

J8@"A first-class Livery and Boarding Stable is connected with the 
establishment, and five churches, post-office, telegraph and express offices 
within five minutes' walk. The drainage is perfect. 
J6@" For circulars and terms, address, 

GA.'R1f)lJVB'R S^OS., Brandon, 77. 

H. 0. LOWELL, 

dealer in 




Glass, Pictufe Frames, k 

I UlL, 


Cabihet ahd Job Wof[K 

done to order. 


■ Orders will receive prompt and 
careful attention. 



(Established 1870,) 



Washing of all kinds done with 
neatness and dispatch. Orders from 
out of town will receive especial at- 
tention, and work sent by mail or ex- 
press will be promptly returned. Send 
stamp for Price List. 

Srove BlocK, (SecoDd Floor.) Srove Street, 

S. BOWTELL, Jr., Proprietor. 


Green Andrew, (Brandon,) r 48, laborer. 

Grimes Alvin, (Brandon,) works at Howe scale shop, Rutland, h Chami)lain. 

Grimes Frank H., (Brandon,) painter and dry goods clerk, h Champlain. 

Griswold Elvia L., Mrs., (Brandon,) resident. Union. 

Griswold Eugene A., (Brandon,) laborer, Carver. 

Grover Samuel T., (Brandon,) teamster, h Marble. 

Haase Augustus, (Brandon,) cutter at Arthur C. Halsey's, Franklin. 

Hack Elliott N., (Brandon,) r 35, farmer with Nathan N, 

Hack Maletta L., (Brandon,) dressmaking, h Carver. 

HACK NATHAN, (Brandon,) r 35, wool grower and farmer 140. 

HACK SARDIS, (Brandon,) r 42, sheep 125, farmer 250. 

Hack Zepheniah Rich, (Brandon,) r 40, farmer 79. 

*HACKETT DAVIU C, (Brandon,) editor and proprietor of Otter Creek 

News, h Champlain. 
Hall Samuel J., (Brandon,) r 21, farmer 100. 

*HALSEY ARTHUR C, (Brandon,) dealer in fine clothing and gents fur- 
nishing goods. Central 
Hamilton Fremont, (Brandon,) homeo. physician and surgeon, Carver. 
HAMILTON HENRY W., (Brandon,) homeo. physician and surgeon, 

Harper Joseph, (Brandon,) carpenter. Carver. 
Harper Joseph Jr., (Brandon,) carpenter, with Joseph. 
HARRISON HENRY C, (Brandon,) att'y at law, and farmer occupies 700 

acres, (Samuel W. Harrison estate,) office Park cor. Center. 
Hart Charles, (Brandon,) laborer. 

Hasseltine Levi, (Brandon,) (E. H. Eddy & Co.,) physician, bds. Park. 
Hasting James, (Brandon,) dealer in horses, Conant Square.' 
Hatch Alanson M., (Brandon,) r ;^^, farmer leases 7. 
HAWKINS JOSIAH QUINCY, (Brandon,) att'y and counselor at law and 

pension claim agent. Central, h Franklin. 
HAYDEN NELSON, (Brandon,) r 16, leases of Dr. Ezra Smith, farm 150 

and dairy 15 cows. 
Hendrickson Levi Dewitt, (Brandon,) section foreman on R. R. h Union. 
HENDRY EDWIN B. (Forestdale,) (Hendry & McGowan,) wagon maker 

and blacksmith, Main. 
Hendry & McGowan, (Forestdale,) (Edwin B. Hendry, Elton C. McGowan,) 

livery, sale and feed stable, and billard room, Main. 
Hewitt Charles B., (Forestdale,) wheelwright, for Newton & Thompson. 
Hewitt Charles E., (Forestdale,) asst. foreman at Newton & Thompson's. 
Hewitt Homer, (Forestdale,) laborer. Main. 
Hewitt Josie Miss, (Brandon,) millinery and fancy goods. Center. 
HILL HUBBARD H., (Brandon,) cabinet making and undertaking, town 

overseer of poor, Franklin. 
Hinds Edward, (Brandon,) r 42, prop, of Redpath Stallion, and breeder of 

Spanish merino sheep, and farmer 150. 
Hitchcock Albert, (Forestdale,) carpenter at Newton & Thompson's. 
Hitchcock Albert E., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, and farmer in town of 

Leicester, 50. 
Hoag Chase L., (Forestdale,) laborer. Main. 
HOLBROOK CHARLES H., (Brandon,) agent Central Vt. R. R., h 


Thayer & Co.'s unXld Shirts. { 

ftf^Best in Fit, Style, 
Finish and Material. 


Holland Freeman, (Brandon,) painter, h Grove. 

Hollaran Pat. B., (Forestdale,) r 28, resident. 

Hooker Joseph C, (Brandon,) Hour, grain and produce. Center, h in town of 

Goshen, Addison County, Vt. 
Hope Peter, (Brandon,) (Blanchard & Hope,) h depot. 
HOWARD ANN MRS., (Brandon,) boarding house. Grove. 
Howard Jane L., (Brandon,) widow of Jolin, resident with Mrs, Lucy Spaul- 

Howard Samuel, (Brandon,) retired blacksmith. Grove, 
Howard Thomas J., (Forestdale,) laborer. 
Howard Tyler W., (Brandon,) r 27, journeyman cooper. 
Howard William, (Forestdale,) r 27, laborer. 

Howe Emma D., (Brandon,) widow of John Jr., resident. Park, cor. Marble. 
Howland Martin D., (Brandon,) r 40, farmer 95. 
Howland Thomas, (Brandon,) r 40, resident, 73 years old. 
Hubbard Edward H., (Brandon,) r 4, farmer, occupies 50. 
Hubbard Eliza Miss, (Brandon,) dress making. Central. 
Hudson Eliza Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Robert, h Railroad. 
Hull William H., (Brandon,) r 15, wood sawing and threshing machine, and 

farmer, 50. 
Hunt James F., (Brandon,) blacksmithing and gunsmith, Union. 
HURTUBISE PASCAL L., (Brandon,) house painting, paper hanging, glaz- 
ing, etc., h Goldspink ave. 
Hyatt Augusta S. Miss, (Brandon,) resident. Grove. 
Hyatt Mary F. C, (Brandon,) widow of Justus, resident. Grove. 
Ives Lavette L., (Brandon,) widow of Jared, resident. Seminary. 
Jackson Daniel, (Forestdale,) night watchman at Newton & Johnson's. 
Jimmery John, (Brandon,) r 27, cooper. 
Johnson Benj. W. (Brandon,) r 4, farmer 75. 

Johnson Moses C, (Forestdale,) r 11, carpenter and joiner, and farmer, 40. 
JOHNSON ROBERT H., (Brandon,) r 22, marble monumental works and 

farmer, 4. 
Johnson Willard S., (Forestdale,) foreman in turning room for Newton & 

Jones Almeron, (Brandon,) r ;^^, laborer. 
JONES CORA MRS., (Brandon,) resident, Pearl. 
June Elijah, (Brandon,) r 47, farmer 260. 

June Frank S., (Brandon,) r 2, theological student (with Milton P.) 
June George P., (Brandon,) r 2, farmer with Milton P, 
JUNE MILTON P., (Brandon,) r 2, farmer 210. 
JUNE STEPHEN B., (Brandon.) r 33, surveyor and farmer, 130, leased by 

Henry W. Bride, died April 16, 1881. 
Kearney John, (Brandon,) porter at Brandon House. 

KEE:LER FRANKLIN M., (Brandon,) carpenter and builder, h Franklin. 
Keeler Silas G., (Brandon,) r 32, farmer 80. 
Kelley Joseph B., (Brandon,) book and music store, stationery, fancy goods, 

etc.,newsdealer, paper hangings, window shades, etc.. Central, h Franklin. 
Kellogg Elijah S., (Forestdale,) sawyer at Newton & Thompson's. 
Kidder Darwin W., (Brandon,) carriage maker at Henry D. Briggs', h Park. 
Kidder Royal F., (Brandon,) carriage maker at Henry D. Briggs', h Franklin. 
Kimball Geo. B., (Brandon,) expressman, bds at Douglass House. 
Kimble James, (Forestdale,) r 14, laborer, h and 1. 
Kimball Wallace .W., (Forestdale,) machinist at Newton & Thompson's. 


Kimball Wm., (Forestdale,) r 14, mail carrier, 82 years old, has lived in town 

since '23. 
King Elmer M., (Brandon,) hair worker and dealer in human hair, Seminary 

King Ida E., Mrs., (Brandon,) wife of E. M., hair worker. Seminary hill. 
King Wallace, (Brandon,) r 22, laborer. 
King Wallace D., (Brandon,) farm laborer. Grove. 
Kingsley Asahel E., (Brandon,) (A. E. Kingsley & Co.,) h Carver. 
KINGSLEY FRANK B., (Brandon,) r 16, wool grower, dairy 24 cows, 

farmer, works on shares for N, T. Sprague no, owns in Clarendon, 

farm 120. 
KINGSLEY FRED. E., (Brandon,) clerk C. H. Ross & Co., boards 

Kingsley A. E. & Co., (Brandon,) (A. E. Kingsley and F. W. Savery) gro- 
ceries and provisions. Center. 
Kinman Erastus, Jr., (Forestdale,) r 27, farmer 28. 
Kinsman Carol, (Brandon,) carpenter, h High, 
Kinsman George W., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner and farmer 10, h 

Knapp Alfred H., (Brandon,) farmer and dealer in wood, h Carver. 
Knapp James, (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Park. 
KNIGHT JOHN L., (Brandon,) postmaster and farmer, h Seminary place. 
Knowlton Frank H., (Brandon,) r 3, naturahst, making a specialty of botany, 

ornithology, and is a taxidermist, with Julius A. 
Knowlton Gardner J., rig, brick mason, farmer, with J. A. 
Knowlton Julius A., (Brandon,) r 3, farmer 50, and with Gardner J, 200. 
LaDam Ambrose, (Brandon,) r 16^, farm laborer. 
LaDam Peter, (Brandon,) r 15, farmer 5. 

Laffee Michael, (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's. 
LaFlam Geo. W., (Brandon,) r 5, farm laborer. 
LaFrance Abram, (Forestdale,) shoemaker, Main. 
LaFRANCE EUGENE, (Brandon,) manufacturer of boots and shoes. Park, 

h Depot. 
LaFrance Napoleon, (Forestdale,) cooper for Newton & Thompson, 
Lahee Wm., (Brandon,) retired farmer, h Grove. 
L'Heureux John B., (Brandon,) general painting. Union, 
Lamar Peter, (Brandon,) mason, h Seminary place. 
Laquire Frank, (Brandon,) laborer, h Depot. 
LARABEE JOHN W., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner. Carver. 
LaRock John, (Brandon,) Goldspink ave. 
LaRock Lewis, (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's, 
LaRose Joseph, (Brandon,) r 35, farm laborer. 
Lassor Eh, (Brandon,) painter, h Depot. 
Lassor Geo., (Brandon,) chopper, h Depot. 
Lassor Solomon, (Brandon,) teamster and farmer 20, h Depot, 
Lawrence Daniel, (Forestdale,) r 27, farmer, leases 20 of Geo. Green, of 

Lawrence James M., (Brandon,) r ;^^, horse trainer and farmer 5, 
Lawrence Rodolphus, (Brandon,) r 27, farmer, leases 45 of Calvin P. Austin. 
Leonard Charles, (Pittsford,) r 56, farmer 40. 
Leonard Henry L., (Brandon,) r 21, apiarian and farmer 18. 

We Warrant our SILVER and PLATED WARE the best 



LEONARD T. ALLEN, (Brandon,) clerk at Stafford & Phelps, wheelwright 

and carpenter, h Barlow ave. 
LEPP JOSEPH, (Brandon,) general blacksmith, horse shoer and jobber 

Conant square, h Depot. ' 

Leware Lewis, (Brandon,) laborer, h Maple. 

Lewis Charles H., (Brandon,) clerk at C. H. Ross & Co.'s, h Carver 
Lilhe William, (Brandon,) r 15, carpenter and farmer 65. 
Lincoln Melina Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Ward, h Union. 
Lines Richard, (Brandon,) laborer, h Barlow ave. 
LORD ALONZO E., (Brandon,) agent for Capen's Carrottine, house 


i?^^.\\^r^?'^^' (Forestdale,) miller at A. Wilson & Co.'s, and horse trader. 

*LOWELL HARVEY O., (Brandon,) cabinet maker and dealer in sash, 
blinds doors, glass, and manufacturer of picture frames, shop Union 
h Goldspink ave. 

Loyzell Francis, (Brandon,) r i, dealer in poultry and eggs. 

L^'^i^,l^LL FRANK, (Brandon,) r 18, farmer 2, and works on shares for 
Elijah June 166. 

Luce Curtis O., (Brandon,) machinist and manufacturer of agricultural im- 
plements, brass foundry, etc., Center. 

Lynch Timothy, (Brandon,) r ^8, quarryman. 

Lyons Michael, (Brandon,) laborer 4, Vineyard. 

Lyons Richard, (Brandon,) laborer, h Barlow ave. 

Lyttle William, (Brandon,) R. R. section boss, h Railroad. 

MacArthur Julius E., (Brandon,) r 38, milk peddler. 

Mohan Patrick, (Brandon,) tin peddler, h depot 

MANCHESTER ARNOLD, (Brandon,) r 22, breeder of Spanish merino 
sheep, farmer 200. 

MANCHESTER FRANK N., (Brandon,) (Boynton & Manchester,) h 
Union. ^ 

MANLEY DAN P. (Brandon,) farmer 16, h High. 

Manley Orhn, (Forestdale,) laborer at Newton & Thompson's. 

Manley Sardis, (Brandon,) r 39, dairy 19, farmer, works on shares for N. T. 
Sprague 200. 

Maroney, Michael, (Brandon,) laborer, h Railroad. 

Marsette John, (Brandon,) farm laborer. 

Marsh Albert W., (Brandon,) r ^3, farmer 70. 

MARSH CLARENCE R., (Brandon,) r 16 cor. 11, raiser of fruits, dairy 18 
cows, farmer 197. 

MARSH ELIZA E. Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Rodney V, residence Pearl. 

Martin Ohver, (Brandon,) blacksmith, h Vineyard. 

Martin Orson H., (Brandon,) r 7, farmer 75. 

Martin Thomas, (Brandon,) r38, laborer. 

May Alonzo B., (Brandon,) painter, paper hanger, grainer, kalsominer, etc., 

Mayhew Frank, (Brandon,) r 23, teamster. 
Mayhew Joseph, (Brandon,) r 15, teamster. 
Mc see Mac. 

McCollam , (Brandon,) r 2, farmer, heir to Harry McCollam est 

McCollam Charles B., (Brandon,) dealer in groceries, boots, shoes, meat, etc., 

Carver, h High. 
McCollam Edward E., (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's 
McCollam John F., (Brandon,) printer, h High. 



McCOLLAM MARY ANN, (Brandon,) widow of Harry S., farmer, McCol- 
1am estate 184, h Pearl. vi i ■ 

McConnell Hannah Mrs., (Brandon,) r 48 cor. 55, widow of John, with heirs 
of John McConnell, farmer 285. 

McConnell WilUam, (Brandon,) r 48 cor. 55, with John McConnell s heirs. 

McDaniels James, (Forestdale,) r 14, laborer. ^ ^ ^^ ^. ^ . , 

McDonald Harry, (Brandon,) r 27, jobber at Brandon Kaohn Paint works, 

farmer 80. , t^ -i j 

McDonough Thomas, (Brandon,) laborer, h Railroad. 
McDarfy Hiram, (Brandon,) r 52, laborer. 
McGarry Barney, (Brandon,) r 38, farmer 125 

McGowan Elton C, (Forestdale,) (Hendry & McGowan,) liveryman. 
McGowan James, (Forestdale,) journeyman blacksmith. 
McKenney Wm. C, (Brandon,) house painter, h High. 
McKeon Thomas, (Brandon,) r 6, moulder and farmer. _ 

McLaughUn Ann Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Alexander h Rossiter.^ 
Mclaughlin JOHN C. Rev., (Brandon,) priest of St. Marys R. C. 

Church, h Carver. 
McLaughlin John, (Forestdale,) r 28, laborer. _ 

Meacham Ozro, (Brandon,) first selectman, village water commissioner, dealer 

in ready-made clothing. Center, h Franklin. 
Mead Walcott A., (Brandon,) r 55, farmer, leases of T. B. Smith 200. 
Memo Noah, (Brandon,) r 34, farm laborer. 
Memo Peter, (Brandon,) r 48, farmer 25. 
Merriam Charles, (Brandon,) mechanic and jobber, h Grove. 
MERRITT CARRIE Mrs., (Brandon,) boarding-house, Conant square. 
Merritt Harrison H., (Brandon,) formerly farmer, h Walnut. 
Metcalf Wm. H., (Brandon,) (Sprague Counter and Stay Co.) 
Miller John, (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Carver. 
Miner George, (Brandon,) laborer, h Barlow ave. 

Monger Alphonso, (Forestdale,) teamster for Newton & Thompson. 

Monger RoUin, (Forestdale,) teamster for Newton & Thompson. 

Moore George L., (Brandon,) resident. Marble. 

Moore Stephen, (Brandon,) laborer. Culver. , . .r u^ 

Moore Walter E., (Brandon,) clerk, C. H. Ross & Co., bds Marble. 

Morgan Judson C, (Brandon,) r 48, farmer, with Orm 1 . 

Morgan Orin T., (Brandon,) r 48, farmer 255. 

Morgan Royal S. (Brandon,) r 48, farmer, with Orm i. 

Morse Geo H., (Brandon,) clerk at Frank R. Button's, Conant Square. 

Morse Joseph, (Forestdale,) (agent for J. E. Morse,) groceries. Main. 

Moulton Sylvester T., (Brandon,) farmer 80, h Park. 

Moursette Marselle, (Brandon,) farm laborer, h Camplain. 

MuUaa Patrick, (Brandon,) laborer, h Railroad. 

Murray Frank. (Brandon,) laborer. 

Naylor, Peter,' (Brandon,) barber, Central, h Seminary. 

Nearing Frances M. Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Zephamah. 

Needham Joseph, (Brandon,) traveling agent, selhng bates. 

Ness Andrew, (Brandon,) laborer, h Carver. 

Newton Albert S., (Brandon,) general merchandise. Central, hrS- 

Newton Alexander S., (Brandon,) (Newton & Thompson,) residence Forest- 
Newton &1^tmpson, (Brandon,) (Alexander S. N., Edward C. T.) manufac- 
turers of general turned work and lumber, own timber land 2000. 



— loi ■ — 




-^m, >-. .-< w^-~ 

SriLLMAN B. RYDER, Editor I Proprietor. 





;i.5o a Year, in advance; Six Months, 75 cents; Three Months, ^S cents; 
Single copies, 5 cents. Postage prepaid. 


► -»' ■<- 


IgHE UNION IS a four-page, thirty-two cohniin local and family newspaper 

60s designed to contribute to the interest and entertainment of its patrons' 

A It aims to record the local news through this section, and also furnish 

* general intelligence and choice miscellany. It is a paper which the head 

of every family can unhesitatingly put in the home circle. It is a desirable 

advertising medium for all business men. 


Is equipped for executing all varieties of Job Printing, such as Posters, Circu- 
lars, Note Heads, Bill Heads, Cards, etc., etc. 

A stock of BLANK BOOKS, such as Memorandums, Pass Books, Day 
Books, Ledgers, Composition Books, etc., for sale at low figures. 


NICHOLS ABIJAH H., (Brandon,) r 5, moulder at Christie's foundry, and 
farmer 130, and 14 meadow. 

Nichols Allen C, (Brandon,) carpenter, h Prospect. 

Nichols David, (Brandon,) laborer, h Champlain. 

NICHOLS DAVID F., (Brandon,) moulder at Christie's foundry, with A. H. 

Nichols Lucien, (Brandon,) janitor at Brandon graded school, h Rossiter. 

Nichols Marshy, (Brandon,) r 37^, resident. 

Nickala Philip, (Forestdale,) yard foreman at Newton & Thompson's. 

Nicklaw Peter, (Forestdale,) sawyer at Newton & Thompson's. 

Noe John J., (Brandon,) M. E. presiding elder, Burlington district, house 

Northup John P. (Brandon,) r 46, cor. 47, manuf. of soft soap, dealer in 
wood ashes, and farmer leases of L. P. Gee, of Clarendon, 46. 

Norton Ann, (Brandon,) r 35, resident. 

Norton Barney, (Brandon,) r 35, laborer. 

Norton Martin, (Brandon,) laborer, Goldspink ave. 

Norton Mike, (Brandon,) r 35, laborer. 

Norton Patrick, (Brandon,) r 35, laborer. 

Norton Peter, (Brandon,) r 35 laborer. 

Noxon Electa A. Miss, (Brandon,) milliner, over 3 Park, 

Noyes Lewis, (Brandon,) r 50, farmer. 

Noyes Reuben, (Brandon,) r 50, farmer 250. 

Nutting John A., (Brandon,) r 54, farmer with Wm. J. 

Nutting WiUiam J., (Brandon,) r 54, farmer leases of Dan K. Hall, of Pitts- 
ford, 100. 

Oday Daniel, (Brandon,) r ;^8, laborer at quarry. 

Ohara James, (Brandon,) works at scale works, Rutland, h Maple. 

O'Hearne Michael, (Brandon,) painter, with Patrick. 

O'Hearne Patrick, (Brandon,) laborer, Railroad st. 

Olmstead Geo. W., (Brandon,) dealer in watches, clocks, jewelry, &c.. Center, 
h Conant Square. 

Oniel John, (Brandon,) laborer at Dorset, h Culver. 

Oneil Simon, (Brandon,) laborer, h Prospect. 

ORAM JOHN C, (Brandon,) r 27 cor. 28, (A. Wilson & Co.,) superinten- 
dent of Brandon Mining Company's works. 

Ormsbee Charles P., (Brandon,) farmer 66, h Pearl. 

ORMSBEE EBENEZER J., (Brandon,) (Ormsbee & Briggs,) trustee of state 
reform school at Vergennes, justice of peace, h Park. 

ORMSBEE & BRIGGS, (Brandon,) (Ebenezer J. Ormsbee, George Briggs.) 
attorneys at law and general insurance agents, office Central. 

*OTTER CREEK NEWS, (Brandon,) David C. Hackett editor and pro- 
prietor, Conant square, published every Friday. 

Packard David T., (Forestdale,) r 14, assistant postmaster, clerk at E. H, 
Packard's store, and town grand juror. 

Packard Emily H., (Forestdale,) r 14, groceries and provisions. 

Paine Julia E. Mrs., (Brandon,) r 55, with John L. Knight, farmer 165. 

Palmer Elwin A., (Brandon,) tailor and dyer, Conant square. 

Palmer Ester Miss, (Brandon,) milliner, Conant square. 

Palmer Levi, (Brandon,) tailor. 

Parker George, (Forestdale,) laborer, leases h Main. 

Parker George R., (Brandon,) r 4, farmer no. 

and POCKET BOOKS, opp. Depot, RUTLAND, VT. 


PARKER JULIA A. Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Jackson V., music teacher, 

Seminary Place. 
Parkhurst Stephen H., (Brandon,) formerly merchant, h Pearl. 
PARMP:LEE hector a., (Brandon,) teacher, and superintendent of brick 

Parmenter George W., (Brandon,) director First National Bank, h Park cor. 

PATCH HENRY W., (Brandon,) r 19, farmer 65. 
Patch Nathan W., (Brandon,) r 47, speculator and farmer 61. 
Patch Salathiel, (Brandon,) r 19, old settler, is now 81. 
PECK CHARLES W., (Brandon,) physician and surgeon, Grove. 
Perkins Frank, (Brandon,) carpenter, h Union. 
Perry Charles A., (Brandon,) resident, Franklin. 
Perry Harrison H., (Brandon,) r 27, teamster at Brandon Mining Company's 

Phelps Charles R., (Brandon,) (Stafford & Phelps,) h Park. 
Phelps David L., (Brandon,) r 19, farmer 16, and with John W., 16 meadow. 
Phelps Frank E., (Brandon,) r 23, laborer. 
Phelps Jarvis M., (Brandon,) r 32, laborer. 
PHELPS JOHN W., (Brandon,) r 19, farmer and with David L., creek land 

PhiUip Peter, (Brandon,) r 35, laborer. 
Pierce Frank M., (Brandon,) Sec'y Sprague Counter and Stay Co., h Conant 

Pierce Frederick F., (Brandon,) dentist, Simonds block, h Franklin. 
Pippin Joseph, (Brandon,) teamster for James L. Cahee & Co., bds with 

Rebecca Cahee, Conant Square. 
PITTS JOHN R., (Brandon,) clerk at C. H. Ross & Co., bds Franklin. 
Pitts Martha N. Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Charles D., h Carver, 
Plude CoUis, (Forestdale,) sawyer for Newton & Thompson, 
Plude Louisa, (Brandon,) r 35, widow of Paul, resident. 
PLUMLEY CHAUNCEY O., (Brandon,) r 39, wool grower, farmer 200. 
Potwin John F., (Brandon,) clerk at Wm. C. Simonds, h Union, 
Powers Jacob, (Brandon,) resident. Grove, 
Powers John, (Brandon,) r 38, quarryman. 
Powers Thomas, (Brandon,) bHnd, h Railroad. 

Pratt Charles N., (Brandon,) clerk at Briggs Bros, hardware store, h Prospect. 
*PRIME DAVID W., (Brandon,) (Brandon Kaoline and Paint Co.,) breeder 

of Spanish merino sheep, registered, and farmer 150. 
PROCTOR WILLIAM E., (Brandon,) Singer Sewing Machine agent, 

prop, of Manley's Feather Bed Renovator, bds at Douglass House. 
Quinn John, (Forestdale,) r 27, Miller. 
Randow Charles, (Brandon,) laborer, h Conant Square. 
Ranoule Charles, (Brandon,) laborer, h Barlow ave. 
Ready Patrick, (Brandon,) laborer, off Conant Square. 
Reed John, (Forestdale,) sawyer at Newton & Thompson's. 
Rice Walter Rev., (Brandon,) pastor Congregational Church, Park. 
Rich Jonathan C, (Brandon,) r 35, cor. 40, farmer 18. 
RICHARDSON THOS. A., (Brandon,) livery stable, tax collector and 

constable, rear Brandon House, h Carver. 
Rickert Chauncey, (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's. 
ROBERTS HIRAM, (Brandon,) mason, retired, h Union. 
Robinson William, (Brandon,) commercial traveler, h Park. 


Rogers George T., (Forestdale,) r 9, farmer. 

Rogers Jeremiah, (Forestdale,) r 9, mason and farmer 82, 

Rogers Lewis, (Brandon,) r 34, farmer, h and 1. 

Rogers Lewis, (Forestdale,) r 9, farmer 45. 

Rolfe Henry T., (Brandon,) harness maker, h Carver. 

ROSS CHARLES H., (Brandon,) (C. H. Ross & Co.,) h Park. 

ROSS C. H. & CO., (Brandon,) (Charles H. Ross, Dr. Volney Ross,) 

dealers in general merchandise. Park. 
ROSS VOLNEY, DR., (Brandon,) (C. H. Ross & Co.,) committeeman 

graded school, h Franklin. 
Rosseter Josiah, (Brandon,) farmer 600, h Carver, cor. Union. 
Rowe George, (Forestdale,) r 29, laborer. 
Rowe George H., (Brandon,) printer, at Otter Creek News office, bds. with 

David C. Hackett. 
Rowe James, (Brandon,) laborer, Conant Square. 
Rowe Lyman, (Brandon,) r 47, laborer. 
Rowe Thomas, (Forestdale,) r 12, laborer. 
Rust Charles, (Brandon,) at Briggs Bros, h Franklin. 
Rust Henry, (Brandon,) agent for Howe Scale Co., h Grove. 
Rust Rhoda Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Horace, resident, Franklin. 
RUTLEDGE DAVID J., (Brandon,) clerk at Douglass House. 
RUTLEDGE JOHN E., (Brandon,) prop. Douglass House, Union. 
RYDER NATHAN, (Brandon,) resident, 4 acres, h Seminary. 
*RYDER STILLMAN B., (Brandon,) editor and proprietor of the Brandon 

Union, and job printer, h Seminary. 
Ryder Wm. H. H., (Brandon,) farmer Seminary Hill. 
Safford Frank, (Brandon,) engineer at Brandon House. 
Sails Stephen, (Forestdale,) r 14, postmaster, engraver of marble, houses 

to rent. 
SANDERSON FRANKLIN, (Brandon,) r37 (Wm. B. & F.,) town lister. 
Sanderson William B., (Brandon,) (Wm. B. & F.) 
Sanderson WiUiam B. & F., (Brandon,) r 37, farmers 500. 
Savery Frank W., (Brandon,) (A. E. Kingsley & Co.) h Carver. 
Saverv see Severy. 

Scanlan Dennis, (Brandon,) r 7, works at Oram Paint Works, and farmer 140. 
Scanlan Thomas, (Brandon,) r 7, with Dennis, farmer 40. 
Scofield Fred. D., (Brandon,) 
Scofield Frederick G., (Brandon,) with John. 
Scofield John J., (Brandon,) retired farmer, Frankhn. 
Scofield Mary Mrs., (Brandon, widow of Frederick, h Union. 
Scott Elvira H., (Brandon,) widow of Charles A., resident, Union. 
Scott Gerry W., (Brandon,) harness maker, at Henry D. Briggs, h Union. 
Scott Walter F., (Brandon,) teller at Brandon National Bank, bds. Union. 
SEAGER GERMAN A., (Brandon,) r 35, (G. A. & S. E.) 
Seager G. A. & S. E., (Brandon,) r 35, breeders of Spanish mermo sheep 

registered, dairy 16 cows, and farmers 900. 
Seager Samuel E., (Brandon,) r 35, (G. A. & S. E.,) justice of the peace, 
Segar Betsey A., (Brandon,) dress maker, h Carver. 
Severy George, (Forestdale,) sawyer at Newton & Thompson's. 
Severy Joseph, (Forestdale,) r 12, teacher arid farmer. 
Severy Judson, (Forestdale,) farmer with William. 
Severy WiUiam, (Forestdale,) r 12, farmer 200. 
Severy see Savery. 




m — 


-^l^C. W. NICHOLS.^t^ 

Portrait and Landscape Fhotograjjher. Copying and E/ilarging. India Ink and 
Crayon a Spedaliy. 


•^ nr c in H K.-'S 


Trusty Horses and the best of Carriages at the service of the pubhc. 

Special attention given to furnishing Horses and Carriages for Funerals, 
Excursions, Parties, &c. 

People coming to Brandon will find this a convenient place to feed their 




Sexton David F., (Brandon,) dealer in jewelry, sewing machines, etc., Center, 
■ bds at Douglass House. 

Shambo John B., (Brandon,) breeder of brown Leghorn and Hamburg fowls, 
carriage ironer for Henry D. Briggs, and gardener on the Chauncey Con- 
ant estate. 

Shepston James, (Brandon,) r 48, mining and well digging, farmer 40. 

Shocia John P., (Brandon,) r 37, farmer i. 

SHORTSLEVE FRANK, (Brandon,) machinist and carriage painter, French. 

Shortsleve Peter, (Brandon,) laborer, h Maple. 

Simes John, (Brandon,) laborer. Maple. 

Simonds John J., (Brandon,) resident. Park. 

SIMONDS WILLIAM C, (Brandon,) general merchandise, Simonds block, 
Center, h Pearl. 

Slason Charles C, (Brandon,) book store, Park. 

Slate Charles R., (Brandon,) custom tailor. Center. 

Smalley Lienor Mrs., (Brandon,) widow of Darwin A., resident. Marble. 

Smalley John A., (Forestdale,) farmer 87, h Main. 

Smalley Orange, (Forestdale,) r 26, foreman at Brandon Kaolin & Paint Co.'s 
works, and farmer 100. 

Smith Albert, (Brandon,) r 21, farmer with Don Carlos. 

SMITH ALVA F., (Brandon,) dealer in general merchandise, store Conant 
square, h Grove. 

SMITH DON CARLOS, (Brandon,) r 21, farmer no. 

SMITH EDWARD, (Brandon,) mason and brick-layer, came to this town 
from New York 1831, h Champlain. 

SMITH EZRA A., M. D., (Brandon,) eclectic physician and surgeon, 
farmer 165, owns 10 houses in village, h Carver. 

Smith Frederick, (Brandon,) r 21, theological student, with Don Carlos. 

Smith Joab, (Brandon,) retired farmer, h Grove. 

*SMITH LORISON, (Brandon,) hveryman. Carver. 

Smith Otis F., (Brandon,) r 34, dairyman 30, farmer 600. 

SMITH SANFORD S., (Brandon,) photographer. Park. 

SMITH THERON B., (Brandon,) capitahst and farmer 224, of which 84 on 
r 5 leased by W. Mead. 

Soulia Joseph, (Pittsford,) r 54, farmer 120. 

Spaulding Lucy Mrs.. (Brandon,) widow of Samuel B., 84 years old, resident, 

Spooner Clark, (Brandon,) r 7, farmer 200. 

Spooner Fred. C, (Brandon,) clerk at Geo. A. Grossman's drug store, bds 

Spooner Henry C, (Brandon,) with Clark Spooner, farmer. 

SPRAGUE NATHAN S., (Brandon,) prest. First National Bank; prest. 
Sprague Counter and Stay Co. ; prest. American Agricultural Associa- 
tion ; prest. Rutland County Agricultural Society ; vice-j^rest. United 
States International Dairy Fair Association; prest. Vermont Dairyman's 
Association ; farmer and land owner, h Conant Square. 

SPRAGUE COUNTER AND STAY CO., (Brandon,) (Nathan S. Sprague, 
Hiram G. Farr, Henry C. Copeland, Frank M. Pierce,) manufacturers of 
boot and shoe counters and corset stays. Central. 

St. Pierre D. Frank, (Brandon,) r 2, agent, Phoenix Life Insurance Co. of 
Hartford Ct., for Addison Co., and north part of Rutland, and farmer 7. 

''^JirSIt;, ge. Thayer & Co.'s unXld Shirts^ 


St. Pierre Flavins, (Brandon,) r 3, laborer. 

Stafford George, (Forestdale,) r 27, farm laborer. 

Stafford John S., (Brandon,) (Stafford & Phelps,) h Franklin. 

Stafford & Phelps, (Brandon,) (John S. Stafford and Charles R. Phelps,) 
hardware, Park. 

Stay Silas E., (Brandon,) harness maker for H. M. Fifield. 

Stearns Davis, (Brandon,) off r 52, farmer, occupies 40. 

Steele James, (Brandon,) gardener, h Prospect. 

STICKNEY SHUBAEL, (Brandon,) r 4, selectman, justice of peace, and 
farmer 44. 

Stowell Abbie Miss, (Brandon,) dress making, h Pearl cor. Champlain. 

Strong Frederick R., (Forestdale,) 77 years old, butcher and farmer 7. 

Styles Philander, (Brandon,) r 34, cooper. 

Sullivan James, (Forestdale,) r 28, laborer at paint works and farmer 35. 

SUMNER ALBERT J., (Brandon,) r 16, farmer 120. 

Sumner Henry A., (Brandon,) r 5, sheep raiser and farmer 350. 

Symond Mary Ann Mrs., (Forestdale,) resident. Main. 

Taft Minerva A., (Brandon,) resident, h Prospect. 

TENNEY HIRAM A., (Brandon,) hair dresser, Park, h Rossiter. 

Tennien Catharine, (Brandon,) h Depot. 

TENNIEN JEROME, (Forestdale,) manuf. of wagons, carriages and sleighs, 
carts, general blacksmithing and custom work. Main. 

THAYER EDWARD D., (Brandon,) dealer in dry and fancy goods, carpets, 
&c., and town auditor, h Conant Square. 

THAYER ERASTUS D., (Brandon,) pres. Brandon National Bank, h Co- 
nant Square. 

THAYER VERNON A., (Brandon,) carriage painter at Henry D. Briggs. 

Thomas Charles J., (Brandon,) r 32, farmer, leases of Elman Jones 120. 

Thomas Chauncey, (Brandon,) traveling agent for Boston Cultivator, Sem- 
inary Hill. 

THOMAS CORNELIUS A., (Brandon,) has been pastor of Baptist church 
of Brandon 40 years, h Champlain. 

Thomas Hiram, (Brandon,) r 52, farmer works on shares 100, owned by Otis 
Manley, of Chittenden. 

Thomas James, (Forestdale,) teamster. Main. 

Thomas James B., (Forestdale,) r 14, teamster. 

Thomas Ruel, (Forestdale,) r 14, sexton, farmer 4^. 

Thomas VolneyM., (Brandon,) manuf. of wagons, carriages and sleighs, Union 
and laundry at h Carver. 

Thomas Volney M. Mrs., (Brandon,) first-class laundry, Carver. 

Thompson Edward C, (Brandon,) (Newton & Thompson,) h High. 

Thornton John, (Brandon,) r 35. 

Tice Frankhn, (Brandon,) r 40, carpenter and farmer 39, 

Titus Freeman, (Brandon,) r 29, laborer. 

Tobias Joseph J., (Brandon,) alio, physician and surgeon. Park. 

Todd George, (Brandon,) laborer. Seminary Hill. 

Tolan James, (Forestdale,) fireman at Newton & Thompson's. 

Tower Chloe B., (Brandon,) widow of Samuel, resident, FrankUn. 

Townsend John, (Brandon,) r 35, farmer 137^^. 

Trombly Abram, (Brandon, r 22, laborer. 

Trombly Andrew, (Brandon,) shoemaker, Conant Square, h Champlain. 

Tully Patrick, (Brandon,) r 29, farmer 12, and laborer at ore bed. 

TuUey Tinia (Forestdale,) r 28, widow of Thomas, farmer 6. 


Tuttle Amos, (Brandon,) clerk at Wm. C. Simonds, h Maple. 

Tyler Benjamin, (Forestdale,) r 14, jobber and farmer 400. 

Vail Aaron, (Brandon,) r 2, farmer 140. 

VAIL JOHN H., (Brandon,) retired. Park. 

Videll Frank, (Brandon,) r 53, leases farm of Royal Morgan. 

Waldo Loring S., (Brandon,) formerly marble man, h Franklin. 

Walker Henry & James, (Pittsford,) r 56, farmers lease 25, owned by Henry 

F. Lothrop, of Pittsford. 
Walsh Michaels., (Forestdale,) blacksmith for Newton & Thompson. 
WARNER ANSON, (Brandon,) r 16, farmer 160. 
Warner Mott B., (Brandon,) r 4, farmer 55. 
Watson Manwell, (Brandon,) stone mason, h Depot. 
WEAVER GEORGE W. (Brandon,) r 2, farmer 180. 
Weeks Yates, (Brandon,) retired farmer and formerly Judge of Addison Co. 

Court, h Park. 
Welch Frank H., (Brandon,) town auditor, marble works, (with Richard,) 

Center, h Carver. 
Welch Garret, (Brandon,) r 37^, resident, blind man. 
Welch John, (Brandon,) r 52, farmer 130. 
Welch Michael, (Brandon,) r 37^, farmer. 

Welch Ricard, (Brandon,) marble works, monuments, headstones, &c.. Cen- 
ter, h Carver. 
Welch Thomas, (Brandon,) r 37^^, laborer. 
Westcott Charles, (Brandon,) laborer. Depot. 
Wescott Elvira, Brandon,) r 40, widow of Henry J., 2 acres. 
Wescott Silias, (Brandon,) r 42, farmer 4. 
Wetherbee Franklin J., (Brandon,) r ^;^, farmer, leases of Geo. W. Parmen- 

ter 55 acres. 
WETHERBEE LUCIUS A., (Forestdale,) livery, sale and feed stables, 

general blacksmithing. 
WETMORE ISAAC N., (Brandon,) r 28, cor. 29, dairy 20 cows, farmer, 

works on shares for John A. Cpnant 2,000 acres. 
Wetmore Warren, (Brandon,) r 27, farmer, leases 30. 

Whallen Patrick, (Brandon,) works at Howe Scale shops, Rutland, h Railroad. 
Wheeler Frank, (Brandon,) r 44, overseer of marble quarry. 
WHEELER NELSON B., (Brandon,) r 23, breeder of Spanish merino 

sheep, farmer 40, on r 48, leases of N. T. Sprague 70. 
Wheeler Orsemus M., (Brandon,) r 50, engineer and farmer 76. 
WHEELER WALTER P., (Brandon,) attorney and counselor at law, and 

notary pubhc, soHcitor of patents, office Simonds block, bds Pearl. 
White Kneeland C, (Brandon,) sealer, at Howe Scale Works, Rutland, h 

Pearl; and breeder of Hulddiston seven strain red game fowls. 
Whitmore Emulus, (Brandon,) r 46, carpenter. 
Whitmore Cyrus R., (Brandon,) r 47, carpenter. 
Whitmore Warren, (Forestdale,) r 26, laborer. 
Whitney Robert B., (Forestdale,) r 11, farm laborer. 
Widner Joseph, (Brandon,) laborer, Goldspink ave. 
Wier George, (Brandon,) night watchman and farmer in town of Hubbard- 

ton 140. bds Douglass House. 
Wilber James, (Forestdale,) laborer. 
WilHams Bramon J., (Brandon,) r 15, dealer in horses, with Frank Winslow, 

farmer 105, and works on shares for A. Warren Goss, 370. 
Williams Oren, (Brandon,) r 38, old resident and farmer 44. 



Williams Russell, (Brandon,) r 38, farmer works on shares, 44. 

Williams Stephen B., (Brandon,) r 3, laborer. 

Williams Wm. Henry, (Brandon,) r 3, farmer 510. 

WiUis Erastus, (Brandon,) r 40, farmer 160. 

Wilson Albert, (Forestdale,) (A. Wilson & Co.) 

WILSON A. & CO., (Forestdale,) (Albert Wilson, John C. Oram,) grist and 

flouring mill. 
Winely Peter, (Forestdale,) turner at Newton & Thompson's. 
V/inely Wegand, (Forestdale,) laborer at Newton & Thompson's. 
Winslow Charles M., (Brandon,) breeder of Ayrshire cattle, dairy 30 cows, 

and prop, milk route, farmer 35, mountain lot 150, h Pearl cor. Maple. 
Winslow Frank, (Brandon,) r 48, farmer 100. 
Winslow Henry, (Brandon,) baggage express and farmer 45. 
Wood Frank J., (Brandon,) r 47, farmer 100. 
Wood Oscar, (Brandon,) (Wood & Randow,) h Conant Square. 
Wood & Randow, (Brandon,) (Oscar Wood & Joseph Randow,) dealers in 

meat, fish and groceries. 
WOODWARD ADRIAN T., (Brandon,) alio, physician and surgeon. Pearl. 
Wonder John, (Forestdale,) laborer at Oram's paint works. 
Wonder Joseph, (Forestdale,) r 8, farmer i acre. 
Worden Ezekiel S., (Brandon,) carpenter and joiner, h Grove. 
Wright Geo., (Brandon,) r 27, laborer at paint works. 
Wright Levi H., (Brandon,) r 29, farmer 40. 
WRIGHT WILLIAM H., (Brandon,) dentist, office. Park. 
Young Elona, (Brandon,) resident, h Grove. 
Young George H., (Brandon,) teller at ist National Bank of Brandon, bds. 

Conant Square. 
Young Harry J., (Brandon,) miller for James L. Cahee & Co., and farmer 

100, in the town of Benson. 
Young Tilly, (Brandon,) teamster, for James L. Cahee, h Prospect. 


{For Abbreviations, &c., See Page 'lol.) 

ADAMS BENJAMIN F., (Castleton,) retired, bds. Elm. 

Adams James, (Castleton,) manager of Adams & Co., store, and has an in- 
terest in Vermont Soap Stone Pencil Co., Main, h Elm. 

Adams Mary R., (Adams &. Co.,) Main. 

Adams & Co., (Castleton,) (Mary R. Adams,) general merchandise and fur- 
niture, Main. 

Agan Pat., (Hydeville,) r 22, marble sawyer. 

Agar Nathan, (Hydeville,) laborer, School. 

AINSWORTH HIRAM, (Castleton,) prop. Evergreen slate quarry, manuf. of 
unfading green roofing slate, and mill stock, Main. 

Ainsworth John M., (Castleton,) book-keeper, Main. 

Alford Alden E., (Castleton,) r 30, farmer, leases of Henry Beals, of Rut- 
land, 230. 

Andrews Joseph, (Castleton,) r 3, farmer leases of Charles Stannard, 130. 


Andrews Stephen, (Castleton,) r 4, farmer 100. 

Andrews Stephen, (W. Castleton,) near r i, farmer 75. 

Armstrong Egbert H., (Castleton,) (Sherman &: Armstrong,) (Royal Purple 

Slate Company,) Main. 
Armstrong Harry, (Castleton,) r 40, farmer 170. 
ATWOOD DON E., (Castleton,) r 40, dairy 12 cows, farmer 100. 
Austin Joel, (Castleton,) r 26, peddler. 
Babbitt Amos P., (Castleton,) r 39, farmer 175. 
Babbitt Dwyer, (Castleton,) r42, farmer 265, and 32 m Hubbarton. 
BABBITT L. OSCAR, (Castleton,) r 42, son of Dwyer, farmer. 
Babbitt Valorous, (Castleton,) r 39, carpenter. 

Babbitt Watson, (Castleton,) r 39, farmer 50. ..„,,, 

BARBER CHAUNCEY L., (Castleton,) r 40, breeder of full blood mermo 

sheep, registered, and farmer 100, also prop, of sand bank. 
Barber Edward A., (Castleton,) r 40, son of Chauncey L., farmer. 
Barber Jefferson, (Castleton,) r 43, laborer. 
Barber Lemuel T., (Castleton,) r 41, with Wilham F. 
Barber Thomas J., (Castleton,) r 40, quarryman. 
Barber William F., (Castleton,) r 41, breeder of full blood mermo sheep, and 

farmer 60. 
Barney Fayette, (Castleton,) r 26, farmer 45. 
BARNEY FRANKLIN, (Hydeville,) r 23, farmer 60. 
Barney Horatio E., (Castleton,) r 26, blacksmith. 
Barrett John, (Hydeville,) r 23, farmer 14. 
Barrows Emmerson, (Castleton,) r 16, with David Brown, farmer, leases of 

C. S. Sherman 204. . , , r r 1 

BARROWS THOMAS A., (Castleton,) r 25, iron founder, manuf. of plows, 

cultivators, harrows, &c. , , • i 

BASSETT SIMON G., (Castleton,) r 12, manuf. of lumber and shingles, 

farmer 40, and leases of Rachel B. Freeman 40. 
Baxter Chauncey L., (Castleton,) r 12, farmer 60. 

Beach Carlos, (Castleton,) r 30, farmer 170. ^j , • • 

BENEDICT JOHNSON S., (Castleton,) r 39, breeder of and dealer in im- 
proved merino sheep, registered, and farmer 180. 
Bennett Ned, (Hydeville,) slate sawyer. 
Benson C. O., (Hydeville,) butcher. 

BIBBINS DANIEL E., (Castleton,) laborer, gardener. South. 
Billings CameUa Mrs., (Castleton,) widow of Hiram, South. 
BilUngs Louisa Mrs., (Hydeville,) widow of Edward, Main. 
BilHngs L. Howard, (Hydeville,) clerk, Billings Slate and Marble Co. 
Billings Slate and Marble Co., (Hydeville,) L. H. Billings, clerk, manufs. of 

slate mantel stock, billiard beds, floor tiling, roofing, &c. 
Bishop George W., (Castleton,) carpenter and joiner, inventor of propelior 

for canal boats. South. 
Bishop Lyman, (Castleton,) r 36, farmer 100. 

Bishop Joseph, ^Castleton,) r 26, teamster. , „. ^t- u . , , t oV^ 

BIXBY MARQUIS J., photographer and prop, of Pic-Nic Hotel, at i.aKe 

Bomoseen, Main. 
Blackwood Wallace, (Castleton,) r 42, laborer. 

BUss Lois Mrs., (Hydeville) r 23, cor. 43, widow of Nathan G., tarmer 30. 
Blowers Mary J. Mrs., (Castleton,) widow of Alexander P., re sident. 

PURE DRUGS^^ndTMEDIOINES at lowest prices at P. H. 
CHAPMAN & CO.'S, opp. the Depot, RUTLAND, VT. 


Blowers William E., (Castleton,) r 12, laborer. 

Rohaunt James, (Castleton,) r 4, wood chopper. 

BOLGP'.R THOMAS, (Hydeville,) r 25, dealer in groceries and provisions, 

boots and shoes, tobacco and cigars, &c.. Main. 
*BOMOSEEN HOUSE, (Castleton,) Horace B. Ellis, prop., Main. 
Bosworth Alphonso, (Hydeville,) carpenter and joiner. Main. 
Bradshaw James, (Hydeville,) r 25, blacksmith and wagon making. Main 

cor. School. 
Brennan James, (Castleton,) custom shoemaker. Main. 
Brennan John, (Hydeville,) r 22, gardener. 
BRENNAN JOHN, Jr., (Hydeville,) operator, W. U. Telegraph, owns 

h and 1 and 2 acres. 
Brennan William, (Castleton,) r 9, farmer 215, and in Ira and Pittsford 410. 
Briggs Arnold, (Castleton,) retired farmer, Seminary. 
BRIEN EDWIN A., (Hydeville,) r 25, (Jones & Brien,) (Uniform Green 

Slate Co.,) first selectman. Main. 
Brien Margaret, (Hydeville,) r 21, widow Martin, 5 acres. 
Briggs George, (Hydeville,) shoemaker. • 

Bro Mose, (Hydeville,) r 29, butcher. 
BROMLEY JEROME B., (Castleton,) (Bromley & Clark,) judge of probate 

court and court of insolvency, office and res. Main. 
Bromley Salinda Miss, (Castleton,) r 26, farmer 10. 

BROMLEY & CLARK, (Castleton,) (Jerome B. B. and Henry L. C.) at- 
torneys and counsellors at law and insurance agents, and own 120 acres 

in Danby, Main. 

Brooks , (Castleton,) marble turner, Main. 

BROOKS MARTIN F., (Castleton,) r 28, foreman, Sherman & Armstrong, 

marble works on r 28. 
Brooks William A., (Castleton,) r 28, marble finisher. 

BROWN BLOOMY, MRS., (Castleton,) r 36, widow Albert J., farmer 52. 
Brown Charles, (Castleton,) tinsmith, breeder of Jersey red hogs and game 

fowls, h Elm. 
Brown Charles H., (Castleton,) dry goods clerk. Old Depot st. 
Brown David, (Castleton,) r 16, farmer, with H Barrows, leases of Carlos 

S. Sherman, 204. 
Brown Garland R., (Castleton,) r 36, son of Bloomy, farmer. 
Brown Ida S. Miss, (Castleton,) r 36, teacher. 
Brown Moses, (Castleton,) r 15, farmer 150, 
Brown Moses B., (Castleton,) r 15, dairy 13 cows, farmer 142. 
Brough John, (Castleton,) r 6, farmer loo. 
Bruce WiUiam, (Hydeville,) r 25, mason. 
Buel Gustavus, (Castleton,) bank director, Main. 
Bump Dallas W., (Hydeville,) dealer in dry goods, groceries, confectionery, 

&c., tobacco and cigars. Main. 
Burk WilUam, (Castleton,) night watchman on D. & H. R. R., Main. 
Burns Mike, (W. Castleton,) r i, farmer. 
Burns Patrick, (Castleton,) laborer. 
Burritt O. A., (Hydeville,) r 21, farmer 125. 
Burt Benjamin W., (Castleton,) manufacturer and dealer in harness, saddles, 

trunks, blankets, &:c., Union block. Main. 
BUTLER ALBERT H., (Castleton,) ax helve maker, Ehn. 
Butler Eben, (Castleton,) painter. Mill. 
Butler Jennie, (Castleton,) Mrs. Eben, dressrnaker. Mill. 

TOWN OF BftANSeiil. 29;: 

Byrne Patrick, (Castleton,) laborer, near Main. 

Calahan Michael, (Castleton,) r 31, farmer 20. 

Caley Michael, (Hydeville,) r 22, laborer. 

Callahan William, (Castleton,) r 12, track hand. 

Carney Michael, (Castleton,) track hand. South. 

Carney Michael, (Castleton,) laborer, Poultney. 

Carrick Martin, (Hydeville,) brakeman, on D. and H. R. R. 

Carrick Richard, (Hydeville,) r 25, laborer. 

Castle Francis E., (Castleton,) engineer, at Sherman & Armstrong's marble 

mills, h Main. 
Castle William, (Castleton,) r 28, laborer. 
CASTLETON NATIONAL BANK, (Castleton,) Carlos S. Sherman, prest.; 

Martin D. Cole, cashier; capital, $50,000; Main. 
CASWELL MENIRA, (Castleton,) retired farmer. South. 
Cavanagh John, (Hydeville,) r 20, laborer. 
CLARK ANDREW, (Castleton,) ticket and freight agent, for D. & H. Canal 

Co.'s R. R. and W. U. telegraph operator; also coal dealer, h Main. 
Clark Andrew, (Hydeville.) r 21, mason, h and 2 acres. 
Clark Anson G., (Castleton,) r 15, farmer 150. 
Clark Charles, (Castleton,) bank inspector's clerk, for the State of New Vork, 

headquarters Albany, N. Y., h Main. 
CLARK HENRY L., (Castleton,) (Bromley & Clark,) register of Probate 

Court and Court of Insolvency, office and residence. Main. 
Clark Julia Miss, (Castleton,) teacher of high primary department. Normal 

Clark Satterley B., (Castleton,) r 43, farmer 95. 
Chambers John B., (Castleton,) meat market. Main. 
CHAPMAN CHARLOTTE Mrs., (Castleton,) r 29, widow of Bradley, 

wool grower and farmer 160. 
Clifford Clementine, (Castleton,) (Mrs. Jabez,) r 17, h and ^ an acre. 
CLIFFORD JOSEPH, (Hydeville,) r 19, (Clifford & Litchfield.) 
CLIFFORD & LITCHFIELD, (Hydeville,) r 19, (Joseph CUfford, Nathan 

A. Litchfield,) lessees of the Western Vermont Slate Co., manufs. of 

and wholesale dealers in all kinds of slate goods, also general merchants. 
Cluff Asa, (Castleton,) father of Stephen F., Mill. 
Cluff Libbie, (Castleton,) (Mrs. Stephen F.,) dressmaker. Mill. 
Cluff Stephen F., (Castleton,) prop. Union Grist Mill, Mill. 
Cobb Nathan L., (Castleton.) merchant tailor, Union block, Main, h Elm. 
Coburn Elijah, (Castleton,) r 17, millwright. 
Cody Michael, (Hydeville,) slate sawyer, 
Coffey John, (Castleton,) r 16, works for Michael. 
Coffee Michael, (Castleton,) prop, boat house on Lake Bomoseen and 

farmer 4. 
*COLE DAVID D., (Castleton,) manager of Carlos S. Sherman's dry goods 

store. Main. 
Cole Martin D., (Castleton,) cashier National bank, Main. 
Collins Timothy, (Castleton,) r 38, track hand. 
Connor Terry, (W. Castleton,) r 3, farmer 50. 
Cook Clarence E., (Hydeville,) (H. E. Cook & Son,) h Main. 
Cook E. A. Mrs., (Castleton.) miUinery and fancy goods. Main. 
Cook Henry E., (Hydeville,) (H. E. Cook & Son,) h Main. 

TIajer & Co.'s unxld a, B & C Slirts.{^HEIrr 



§1 /^^M| 


Paper Bags, Flour SacJcs, Stationery, Blaiik Books, School 

Books, Wooden Ware, Matches, Twines and Cordage, 

Tobacco, Cigars and Pipes. 


Manufacturers of Brooms and Broom Brushes. We make a specialty of 

making a first-class Broom, and invite the attention of dealers to the 

superior quality of these Goods. 

WifM''9lai)i ^Uniin§ i^UahUMiimivl mid '^-^indemj 


Gle BnMing, oiosite tlie Depl, 




suiz^E'RS, 'BUT rou:R S'RICS: OF 





Constantly on hand, and being centrally located can reach all points by 

Railroad with promptness and dispatch. Fancy and Pressed Brick 

made to order. 

Yard East of Fair Ground, - - Residence 64 Granger corner Gilison Ayenne. 



Cook H. E. & Son, (Hydeville,) (Henry E. and Clarence E.,) general mer- 
chants, Depot. 

Cook Morris H., (Castleton,) attorney and counsellor at law, master in 
chancery. Union block, Main, 8 acres and house and lot in Danby. 

Copeland Josephine Mrs., (W. Castleton,) r 2, widow Robert M., farmer 25. 

Corey Leroy, (Castleton,) r 28, marble rubber. 

Cotter Michael, (Castleton,) track hand. Main. 

Cotter Patrick, (Hydeville,) r 21, slate packer. 

Couch Willard, (Castleton,) r 30, farmer no, leases of Rebecca Couch, 90. 

Coulman James, (W. Castleton,) r 3, manufacturer of marbleized slate goods. 

Cowley John, (Castleton,) r 37, farmer 62. 

Crane Patrick, (Castleton,) baggage master D. & H. depot, near South. 

Cregan Thomas, (Castleton,) r 34, farmer 112. 

Culver F. Carroll, (Hydeville,) deputy postmaster and clerk of Russell House. 

Culver John, (Hydeville,) laborer, Main. 

Cummings James, (Castleton,) dry goods clerk, Main. 

Cummings John, (Hydeville,) r 21, brick mason. 

Currier John M., (Castleton,) alio, physician and surgeon. Main. 

CURTISS ANSON R., (Hydeville,) r 25, carpenter and joiner, millwright, 
and manager of farm for Mrs. Chapman, Main. 

Daniels Joseph, (Castleton,) r 18, laborer, h and 1. 

Davis John W., (Hydeville,) r 23, slate maker. 

Delehanty James, (Hydeville,) (Downs & Delehanty.) 

Dempsey Michael, (Castleton,) r 28, marble sawyer. 

Denno Joseph, (Castleton,) r ii, laborer. 

Dewey Marcus B., (Castleton,) grocery clerk. Seminary. 

Dolan John, (Castleton,) r 6, quarryman. 

Dolan Thomas, (Castleton,) r 28, stone cutter. 

Donnelly James, (Castleton,) laborer. 

Donohue Nicholas, (Castleton,) r 6, laborer. 

Doolan John, (Castleton,) jour, blacksmith. Elm. 

Doolan Morris, (Castleton,) laborer, Elm. 

Doran Edward, (Castleton,) r 22, marble sawyer. 

Downs Gilbert, (Hydeville,) r 22, laborer. 

Downs John E., (Hydeville,) stone cutter. 

Downs Patrick H., (Hydeville,) (Downs & Delehanty.) 

Downs Thomas F., (Hydeville,) stone cutter. 

Downs & Delehanty, (Hydeville,) (Patrick H. Downs and James Delehanty,) 
manufs. of slate mantels. 

Drake Charles A., (Castleton,) custom shoemaker, Poultney. 

DRAKE LUCY L. Mrs., (Hydeville,) widow of Albert P., homestead, 17 
acres. Main cor. Depot. 

Drake Salmon, (Castleton,) r 41, resident. 

Drake WiUiami, (Castleton,) r 18, farmer 73. 

DUFFEY DENNIS T., (Castleton,) r 6, carpenter and joiner. 

Duffey James, (Castleton,) r 6, farmer 36. 

Dufifney John, (Castleton,) r 6, coal burner. 

Dunn Patrick, (Castleton,) r 26, farmer 16^. 

Dunn Thomas, (Castleton,) r 26, son of Patrick. 

Durham James, (Castleton,) sexton and gardener. Elm. 

Durivage Peter, (Castleton,) r 15, farmer no. 

Dutton Joseph S., (Castleton,) veterinary surgeon, blacksmithing and car- 
riage ironing. Elm, h do. 


Dwyer Patrick, (Castleton,) near r 12, farmer 90. 
Eastman John, (Castleton,) grocery clerk. Main. 
Ellery Elizabeth F. Mrs., (Castleton,) widow of Commodore Frank EUery, 

U. S. N., South. 
Ellery Frank, (Castleton,) has been 14 years in the navy, h Main. 
*ELLIS HORACE B., (Castleton,) proprietor of Bomoseen House and 

livery. Main. 
Evenes Moses, (Castleton,) r 43, quarryman and farmer 10. 
Everson James, (Castleton, j real estate dealer. Main. 
Farr Burton, (Castleton,) r 28, marble turner. 
Fennel Daniel W. P., (Castleton,) track master, Main. 
Fennel Luke, (Castleton,) track hand, near Seminary. 
Fenner Luther, (Castleton,) section foreman, near South, 
Field James, (Hydeville,) (Field & Co.) 
FIELD SENECA, (Hydeville,) r 43, farmer 344. 
Field & Co., (Hydeville,) (James Field,) manufs. of marble and marbleized 

and plain slate. Main. 
FISH DANIEL, (Castleton,) r 29, breeder of merino sheep and farmer 140. 
Fitzgerald Michael, (West Castleton,) owns farm Coin Benson, r ^1^. 
Fitzpatrick Peter, (West Castleton,) r 3, farmer. 
Flanagan Dennis, (Castleton,) r 31, with Michael. 
Flanagan Michael & Son, (Castleton,) (Dennis,) r 31, farmers 90. 
Fox Daniel W., (Castleton,) mason. Main. 
Fox Thomas, (West Castleton,) blacksmith. 
Fox Thomas, (Hydeville,) r 19, h and 10 acres. 
Freeman Eugene, (Hydeville,) r 25, marble trimmer. 
FREEMAN JAMES T., (Hydeville,) contractor for sawing marble for 

Sherman & Gleason, Depot, and farmer 160. 
Freeman Julius, (Hydeville,) r 22, laborer. 
French Ezra W., (Castleton,) r 39, carpenter and farmer 30. 
Fulton Oscar E., (Castleton,) r 25, carpenter and farmer 150. 
Gaines Edgar, (Castleton,) r 44, quarryman and teamster. 
GAINES JOSEPH H., (Castleton,) r 12, farmer 50. 
Gaines Sarah Mrs., (Castleton,) widow of James, r 12, h and 2 acres. 
Giddings Amos E., (Castleton,) r 39, works for J. S. Benedict. 
Giddings Jeremiah P., (Castleton,) farmer, leases of Silas Giddings, of Hub- 

bardton, 200. 
Gilbert Mary Mrs., (Castleton.) 

Gleason Edward, (Hydeville,) r 19, laborer, owns 3 acres. 
Gleason Thomas, (Hydeville,) r 21, h and 1. 
Gleason Thomas, (Hydeville,) r 22, marble sawyer. 
Goodwin Frank, (Castleton,) r 4, fisherman. 
Goodwin Stephen S., (Castleton,) r 5, farmer 158. 
GOODWIN THERON D., (Castleton,) r 4, cor. 5, farmer 130, of which 

52 is in Hubbardton ; keeps boats to let. 
Gorham Augustus, (Castleton,) r 25, blacksmith and moulder. 
Gorham Lucia A. Mrs., (Castleton,) r 12, resident. 
Gorham Spencer, (Castleton,) r 35, farmer 200. 
Gould Charles, (Castleton,) r 16, laborer. 

Grace Patrick, (Castleton,) r 13, fanner leases of J ere Mulvey, of Fort Ed- 
ward, N. Y., 220. 
Grady Jerry, (Castleton,) laborer. Elm, 
Graham George W., (Castleton,) r 15, son of John, farmer. 


Graham John, (Castleton,) r 15, dairy 20 cows, farmer leases of Carlos S. 
Sherman, 265. 

Granger George H., (Hydeville,) (Granger & Hayward,) res. Fair Haven. 

Granger & HayAvard, (Hydeville,) (George H. Granger, and Eleazer Hay- 
ward,) lessees of Hydeville grist-mill. 

Graves Benjamin F., (Hydeville,) 25, manuf. of agricultural implements, fac- 
tory at Hydeville, owns 38 acres. 

Griswold Aaron H., (Castleton,) near r 24, (A. H. Griswold & Son.) 

Griswold A. H. & Son, (Castleton,) (Charles H.,) near r 24, breeders 6f full 
blood registered merino sheep and farmers 300. 

Griswold Charles H., (Castleton,) (A. H. Griswold «S: Son.) 

Griswold Cullen J., (Castleton,) r 13, breeder of merino sheep, wool grower, 
farmer 180. 

GRISWOLD FRANKLIN, (Castleton,) (Griswold & Waters,) North. 

Griswold Harvey T., (Castleton,) on pent road between 17 and 18, breeder 
of merino sheep and farmer 250, and 175 in Hubbardton. 

Griswold Phillip, (Castleton,) deputy sheriff. South. 

Griswold Thos. B., (Castleton,) r 18, farmer leases of Phillip D. Griswold,i25. 

Griswold & Waters, (Castleton,) (Franklin Griswold, Hiram Waters,) 
carriage, wagon and sleigh makers, Elm. 

Guernsey William C. (Castleton,) dry goods, groceries, hats, caps, boots and 
shoes, &c.. Main. 

Hackett Thomas, (Castleton,) track hand. South. 

HALL BENJAMIN P., (Castleton,) r 18, florist, gardener and grower of 
plants, and garden and flower seeds, 4^, and leases 4 of Mrs. Rebecca 

Hanley Thomas, (Castleton,) r 30, farmer 4. 

Harris Edward, (Castleton,) r 12, farmer leases of Meribah Northrop, 54. 

Harris Patrick, (Hydeville,) r 25, laborer. 

Harrington Juha C, (Castleton,) widow J. A., South. 

Harrington Moses J., (Castleton,) law student, residence South. 

Harrison George, (Hydeville,) r 21, trapper and hunter. 

Harrison Honora Miss, (Castleton,) dressmaker, Main. 

Harrison Sarah Miss, (Castleton,) dressmaker. Main. 

Hartwell Oramel, (Castleton,) makes furniture for Adams & Co., and car- 
penter and joiner. 

Hathaway Adelbert, (Hydeville,) r 24, quarry blacksmith. 

Hathorn S. L., (Castleton,) r 26, slater. 

*HAWKINS CASSIUS M., (Hydeville,) prop, of Russell House and Livery, 

Hawkins Henry G. (Castleton,) carpenter and jomer. Mill. 

Hawkins Marcus, (Castleton,) r 39, laborer. 

Hayes Cornehus, (Hydeville,) rig, quarry contractor and farmer 50. 

Hayes James, (Hydeville,) r 20, invalid. 

Hayes Owen, (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman. 

HAYWARD ELEAZER, (Hydeville,) (Granger & Hayward.) 

Hazard Sameul L., (West Castleton,) r 3, town representative and select- 
man, and a stockholder in Lake Shore Slate Co. 

HAZARD SAMUEL L., Jr., (West Castleton,) r 3, justice of the peace, 
postmaster, treasurer of Lake Shore Slate Co., district clerk, and high- 
way inspector. 

Paper Hangings, Window Shades, — Largest and Best Line- 


HEATH FORDYCE S., (Hydeville,) r 18, boatbuilder and farmer 18. 

HEATH JOHN, (Hydeville,) r 22, marble sawyer. 

HIGLEY ALFRED E., (Castleton,) breeder of Jersey and Durham cattle, 

Berkshire hogs, full blood Plymouth Rock fowls and Sicilian sheep, 

and farmer 135, Main. 
Hinds Michael, (Castleton,) track hand, Mill. 
Hoadley Helen Mrs., (Castleton,) widow of Alvin, Main. 
Hoit Albert M., (Castleton,) r 15, Custorn-house officer, at Whitehall. 
Hoit DeHa E., (Castleton,) r 15, (with Sarah M.,) farmer 30. 
Hoit Sarah M., (Castleton,) r 15, (with Deha E.,) farmer 30. 
Hoit, see also, Hoyt. 

Holland Dennis, (Castleton,) r 30, a disabled soldier. 

Hooker Edward T. Rev., (Castleton,) pastor Congregational church, Elm. 
HOOKER TRUMAN N., (Castleton,) r 12, farmer 180. 
Horr Hiram, (Castleton,) retired farmer, South. 
Houly Thomas, (Hydeville,) r 22, marble sawyer. 

Howe Henry H., (Castleton,) 3d assistant teacher at Normal school. Main. 
HOWE JOHN, (Castleton,) attorney and counselor at law, insurance agent, 

surveyor, State's attorney for the county of Rutland, and town clerk, 

office and residence, Main. 
Hoy Henry, (Hydeville,) general blacksmithing. 
Hoyt RoUin, (Castleton,) laborer. Main. 
Hoyt, see also, Hoit. 

Hughes ■ Mrs., (West Castleton,) r 19, widow of Evan, farmer 40. 

Hughes John, (Hydeville,) r 23, slate maker, h and I. 

Hughes John E., (Hydeville,) r 24, cjuarryman. 

Hughes Wilham F., (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman. 

Hughes Winnefred Mrs., (Hydeville,) r 22, farmer to. 

Hulburt Seymour, (Castleton,) r 13, laborer. 

Hunter George, (Castleton,) r 11, cor. 10, laborer. 

Huntoon Edwin T., (Castleton,) r 28, carpenter and joiner and farmer. 

HURLBURT RUFUS, (Castleton,) r 12, farmer, leases of Albert Ramson, 

of Granville, and Mrs. Emerette Ellenwood, of Castleton, 220. 
Hyde A. W., estate, (Hydeville,) 

Hyde Pitt W., (Hydeville,) r 25, marble dealer. Main st., Hydeville. 
HYDE RUSSELL W., (Hydeville,) agent for Schagticoke Powder Co., dealer 

in lime and cement, and postmaster, and owns house and lot, 20 Main. 
Hynes Michael, (Castleton,) track hand, mill. 
Ingleson Charles, (Hydeville,) r 21, quarryman. 

JACKMAN REBECCA A., (Castleton,) widow Moses, owns farm 30, Main. 
Jackson Eben, (Castleton,) r 4, wood chopper. 
Jackson Norman, (Castleton,) r 4, wood chopper. 
James John, (Castleton,) laborer. Main. 
Jeffrey David, (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman. 
Jewitt Flora A. Miss, (Castleton,) Main. 

Johnson Albert I., (Hydeville,) r 43, farmer, leases of Seneca Stevens, 344. 
Johnson Bros., (Castleton,) r 4, (Endearing & Daniel,) farmers, lease John- 
son estate, 450. 
Johnson Daniel, (Castleton,) r 4, (Johnson Bros.,) lister. 
Johnson Endearing, (Castleton,) r 4, (Johnson Bros.) 
Jones Carlton, (Castleton,) r 17, carpenter and joiner and farmer 30. 
Jones Fred C, (Hydeville,) quarryman, Main. 
Jones Griffith J., (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman. 


JONES JOHN J., (Castleton,) r 36, (Jones & Brien,) (Blue Slate Co.,) 
(Royal Purple SlateXo.,) and farmer 170. 

Jones Lee H., (Castleton,) r 41, farmer 75. 

Jones Owen, (Hydeville,) slate maker. School. 

Jones Owen, (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman and farmer 14. 

Jones & Brien,) (Hydeville,) (John J. J., and Edwin A. B.,) manufs. and dealers 
injpurple, unfading green, sea green and red roofing slate. 

Juckett Michael, (East Hubbardton,) r 8, farmer 2 2;^ in Hubbardton. 

Judkins Caleb M., (Castleton,) contract (quarrying slate for Samuel L. Haz- 
ard at West Castleton, South. 

Keenan James, (Hydeville,) r 21, quarryman. 

Keith Thomas, (Castleton,) r 29, blacksmith. 

Kelley John, (Hydeville,) r 20, quarryman, 3 acres. 

Kelley William, (Hydeville,) r 21, h and 1. 

Kennedy Thomas, (Castleton,) laborer. Elm. 

Kent James, (Hydeville,) r 20, slate and marble polisher. 

Kerney James, (Castleton,) gardener, Main. 

KIDDER ALBERT A., (Castleton,) groceries and provisions. Main, h do.; 
owns farm on r 7, in Benson, 150. 

Kidder — Mrs., (Hydeville,) widow of Jonathan, F., Main. 

Kinney Aaron, (Castleton,) r 11, laborer. 

Kinney Adoniram, (Castleton,) r 12, farmer leases of A. W. Barker, 15. 

KINNEY BURTON C, (Castleton,) r 8, photographer and dealer in views. 

Kinney Chittenden, (Castleton,) r 8, farmer, leases of Charles E. Ransom. 

Kinney Martin, (Hydeville,) r 22, milk peddler, 2 acres. 

Knapen Daniel M., (Castleton,) retired Universalist minister, now engaged 
in mathematical investigation. South. 

Knapp William, (Castleton,) cooper, Main. 

Laden Thomas, (Castleton,) r 17, farmer 96. 

Lake Albert N., (Castleton,) farmer and runs a threshing machine, Main. 

Lake Daniel H., (Castleton,) farmer. Main. 

Lake Shore Slate Company, (West Castleton,) Martin C. Rice, of Benson, 
prest.; Samuel L. Hazard, Jr., treasurer; quarriers and manufs. of all 
kinds of slate goods, general merchants and farmers 600. 

LANGDON JOHN H., (Castleton,) wholesale flour dealer, Main. 

Langdon John J., (Castleton,) r 29, son of Selah H., farmer. 

Langdon Marcus, (Castleton,) resident. Main. 

Langdon Selah Hart, (Casdeton,) r 29, farmer 120. 

Langdon William C, (Castleton,) resident. Main. 

Lanigan Cornelius, (Hydeville.) 

Larkins Willie, (Castleton,) r 13, track hand. 

*LEAVENWORTH ABEL E., (Castleton,) principal and proprietor of 
State Normal School at Castleton. 

Lee John, (Castleton,) r 13, farmer 150, with John Wallace. 

Lincoln Charles A., (Castleton,) r 8, farmer if. 

LINCOLN DANIEL S., (Castleton,) r 8, breeder of merino sheep, dairy 
12 cows, and farmer 300. 

Litchfield Nathan A., (Hydeville,) (Clifford & Litchfield,) r 25. 

Loveland Alvin, (Castleton,) shoemaker. South. 

Luddon Charles R., (Hydeville,) wagon maker. School. 

Lynch John, (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman, owns h and 3. 

Thayer & Co.'s UNXLD Shirts, "^-"'^tTLlN'l.. vt. 




iCentral Vermont Linel^ 

Wagner Palace Sleeping and Drawing Room Cars between 
Montreal and New York. Passenger and Baggage Oars 
between Troy and Montreal. Pullman Parlor Day 
and Sleeping Cars, also Passenger and Baggage 
Cars between Montreal, Boston and Spring- 
field. New and Superior Drawing Room 
Cars between Saratoga and the 
White Mountains. 

These advantages, with steel rails, fast time and sure connections, make 

Try it and you will find it has no equal for solid comfort. 

B60 Washington Street^ Boston, 
271 Broadway, Kew Yorh, 

and 136 St. James Street, Montreal. 

3. W. HOBART, Gen'l Sup't. W. F. SMITH, Geu'l Pass'r Ageut. 

D. McKENZIE, Ass't Gen'l Pass'r Agent. 




Lynch Thomas, (Castleton,) r 30, farmer 120, and 50 mountain. 

Lyons WilHam H., (Castleton,) r 12, farmer with Rufus Hurlburt. 

Mack William H., (Castleton,) clerk Bomoseen House, Main. 

Maher Michael, (Hydeville,) quarryman. Main. 

Malone John, (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman, owns h and ro. 

Malone Patrick, (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman, owns h and lot. 

Manouge Pat., (Hydeville,) laborer. Main. 

MARANVn.LE LEWIS S., (Hydeville,) r 25, manuf, and dealer in cigars. 

MARSH FRANK L, (Castleton,) r 29, breeder of Jersey cattle, farmer 140. 

Mascott Eugene, (Castleton,) custom shoemaker, Poultney. 

MASCOTT FREDERICK E., (Castleton,) carriage, sign, and ornamental 

painter, Elm, h Main. 
Mayers WilHam, (Hydeville,) r 2^, marble sawyer, h and lot. 
Mayhar John, (Hydeville,) r 25, marbleizer. 

MAYNARD ULRIE, (Castleton,) Congregational minister. Seminary. 
McDERMOTT, BRIDGET, MRS., (Castleton,) r 15, widow Patrick, farmer 

McDonald Edward, (Castleton,) marble finisher, h Dorset. 
McDonough Edward, (Hydeville,) r 21, slate pohsher. 
McDonough Michael, (Hydeville,) slate polisher. 
McDonough Miles, (Hydeville,) r 20, invalid. 
McGraw Dennis, (Hydeville,) slate maker. Main. 
McCrraw Pat., (Hydeville,) r 21, laborer. 
McKay Edward, (Hydeville,) r 20, quarryman. 
McKough Charles, (Castleton,) engineer on Rensselaer & Saratoga Railroad, 

McLiere, John, (Castleton,) r 28, marble finisher. 

*McMAHON PXLEN Mrs., (Castleton,) millinery and fancy goods. Main. 
McMuUen James, (Castleton,) dry goods clerk, Main. 
Meers WiUiam, (Hydeville, r 22, marble sawyer. 
Metcalf John E. Rev., (Castleton,) M. E. minister, Main. 
Middleton Heath, (Castleton,) r 18, plow maker. 
Miller Alanson K., (Hydeville,) r 25, carpenter. 
MILLER CYRRELL H., (Castleton,) r 40, carpenter and joiner, and horse 

Miller John H., (Castleton,) r 40, farmer, leases of Donnelly estate, 50. 
Miner James, (Castleton,) r 41, tin peddler. 
Minogul John, (W. Castleton,) r 1, farmer 7. 
Mitchell Thomas, (W. Castleton,) carpenter. 
Moody Henry W., (Hydeville,) r 25, teamster. 
Moody Horace W., (Hydeville,) r 25, quarryman. 
Moody John, (Castleton,) r 18, works at West Rutland. 
MOORE GEORGE W., (Castleton,) ax and hammer handle maker, Elm. 
Moore Ralph E., (Castleton,) r 15, (Moore & Parks.) 
Moore & Parks, (Castleton,) r 15, (Ralph E. Moore and Joshua Parks,) wool 

growers, farmers 153. 
Morgan James, (W. Castleton,) r i, farmer. 
Morris David, (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman. 
Morris Robert, (Castleton,) r 34, farmer 180. 
MOULTON WILLIAM, (Castleton,) postmaster. Main. 
Moulton William C, (Castleton,) r 13, farmer 30, and leases of Mariarn 

Moulton, 60. 
Muchmore Albert, (Castleton,) farrn laborer^ Main, 


MURDOCK ALEXANDER, (Castleton,) r i6, end of 5, leases town farm 
about 350, owns hotel at P'ast Poultney. 

Murphy Hugh, (Castleton.) r 28, marble finisher. 

Murphy John, (Hydeville,) slate maker, School. 

Murphy Thomas, (Castleton,) r 6, farmer 100. 

Murthur Patrick, (Castleton,) peddler and farmer 35, South. 

Nichols Mary Miss, (Castleton,) resides South. 

Noonan Dan, (Hydeville,) r 20, quarryman. 

Northrop Candace Miss, (Castleton,) r 13, house and lot. 

Northrop Josiah N., (Castleton,) alio, physician and surgeon, drugs, medi- 
cines, groceries, stationery, &c.. Main. 

NORTHROP WM. H., (Castleton,) manuf. and wholesale dealer in flavor- 
ing extracts, blueing, sewing machine oil, &c., carmine, blue, black, vio- 
let and green inks, also ink extracts for making the same, dealer in patent 
medicines. Main. 

NOYES SARAH G., (Castleton,) widow WiUiam P., Main. 

OCONNOR JAMES, (Hydeville,) r 20, carriage and wagon maker, painter 
and trimmer. 

Oconnor Torrence, (W. Castleton,) r 3, farmer 50. 

Oday Michael, (Hydeville,) r 21, slate polisher. 

Odell Caleb H., (Hydeville,) r 25, teamster. 

Odell Sidney W., (Hydeville,) r 25, teamster. 

ONeill Michael, (Castleton,) blacksmithing. Main. 

Palmer Allen, (Castleton,) r 9, farmer 75. 

Palmer Allen, (Castleton,) r 10, farmer 100, and 200 in Ira. 

Parkhurst Thomas, (Hydeville,) r 23, farmer 75. 

Parks Joshua, (Castleton,) r 15, (Moore & Parks.) 

Parsons Albert, (Castleton,) r 16, farmer, leasesof Gilbert Hunt, of W. Haven. 

Parsons Alfred F., (Castleton,) r 26, (Parsons Brothers.) 

Parsons Brothers, (Castleton,) (Alfred F. and Nathan S.,) dairy 12 cows, 
and farmer 140. 

Parsons Charles E., (Castleton,) r 16, laborer. 

Parsons Franklin, (Castleton,) r 16, resident. 

Parsons John, (Castleton,) r 16, farmer 23. 

PARSONS NATHAN S., (Castleton,) r 26, (Parsons Brothers.) 

Parsons Robert T., (Castleton,) r 16, farmer 230. 

Parsons Wallace, (Castleton,) r 15, farmer 26. 

Patterson Frank, (Castleton,) livery stable, South. 

Patterson Henry, (Castleton,) painter. South. 

Patterson WilUam, (Castleton,) railroad hand. Main. 

Pebly Ralph, (Castleton,) r 28, marble turner. 

Peck Ehzabeth S., (Castleton,) r 44, widow of Henry, farmer 18. 

Peck R. S. Miss, (Castleton,) dressmaker. Elm. 

Perkins Charles, (Castleton,) r 39, farmer, leases of Silas Giddings 200. 

Perry Amanda, (Castleton,) r 16, widow of WiUiam, farmer. 

Perry Elenor Mrs., (Castleton,) r 26, widow of Bears, farmer 15.* 

Perry Frank, (Castleton,) r 217, plow wood worker. 

Perry Newton, (Castleton,) r 39, laborer. 

Perry Porter V., (Castleton,) r 38, son of Ransom, farmer. 

Perry Ransom, (Castleton,) r 38, farmer 13. 

PhiUips Richard M., (Castleton,) r 26, farmer 20. 

POND ASAHPT., (Castleton,) r 16, summer boarding house, on Lake 
Bomoseen, farmer 100, and of timber 29. 



POND HENRY A., (Castleton,) r 32, dairy 20 cows, and wool grower, 

farmer 330. 
POND OSCAR I., (Castleton,) r 16, son of Asahel, farmer, lives with Asahel. 
Potter Bridget, (Castleton,) r 30, widow of Harrison. 
Potter Dweitt C, (Castleton,) r 12, carpenter and farmer 12^. 
Potter Ethan A., (Castleton,) meat market, Main 
Potter Ephraim, (Castleton,) butcher. 

POTTER LUMAN C, (Castleton,) r 25, farrier and farmer 11. 
Potter Wilhe, (Castleton,) r 30, carpenter and joiner. 
Preston George L., (Castleton,) (L. W. cSr Son,) Main. 
Preston Lafayette W., (Castleton,) (L. W. & Son,) Main. 
Preston L. W, & Son, (Castleton,) (George' L.,) dealers in watches, clocks, 

jewelry, silverware, sewing machines, spectacles, musical instruments, 

&c., telegraph operators, 4 Union block. Main. 
Price John, (Hydeville,) r 23, son of Morgan, farmer. 
Price Morgan, (Hydeville,) r 23, butcher and farmer 25. 
Pritchard John, (Castleton,) r 43, quarryman and farmer. 
Pritchard John, (Castleton,) r 41, quarryman and farmer 51 and 13 in Poult- 

Pritchard Owen, (Castleton,) r 6, quarryman. 
Pritchard Richard O., (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman. 
Proctor Charles S., (Castleton,) retired. Main. 
PROUTY LUTHER S., (Castleton,) r 30, blacksmith, dairy 15 cows, 

breeder of Jersey cattle and farmer 200. 
Purcell WiUiam, (Hydeville,) r 21, farmer 6. 
Quinn Thomas, (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman, h and 2^ acres. 
Ragan Barney, (West Castleton,) r 3, slate worker, h and 1. 
RANSOM ALBERT V., (Castleton,) r 8, dairy 25 cows, farmer 625. 
Ransom Charles E., (Castleton,) 2nd selectman, justice of peace, grand juror 

and farmer 800, h Main. 
Rice Sarah H. Mrs., (Castleton,) farmer 175, Main. 
RICE WILLIAM C, (Castleton,) drugs and stationery, milk dealer and 

farmer. Union block. Main. 
Roach David, (Castleton,) wagon maker, owns 65 acres of timber land, Main. 
Roach John, (Castleton,) laborer. Elm. 
Roach Patrick, (Hydeville,) rig, quarryman, h and 1. 
ROBINSON JESSE E., (Hydeville,) r 25, teamster. 
Roberts Hugh, (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman. 
Roberts Meshick, (Castleton,) r 43, quarryman and farmer 25. 
Roberts William R., (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman. 
Rounds Egbert, (Castleton,) r 30, mason. 
Rourk Michael, (Castleton,) r 12, farmer 15. 
Ross Samuel, (Castleton,) r 44, farmer 21 and 30 in Poultney. 
Rousey Theodore, (Hydeville,) r 23, blacksmithing and carriage ironing. 
Rowland WiUiam H., (Hydeville,) r 23, slate maker. 
Royal Purple Slate Company, (Castleton,) (John J. Jones and Egbert H. 

Armstrong,) office, Castleton, quarry in Poultney. 
RUMSEY CHAUNCEY S., (Castleton,) breeder of Spanish merino sheep, 

farmer 21 and in Hubbarton 400, h Main. 
Rumsey Henry C, (Castleton,) son of Chauncey S., farmer. 
*RUSSELL HOUSE, (Hydeville,) r 25, Cassius M. Hawkins, prop.. Main. 

Physicians' Prescriptions carefully compounded at F. H. 
CHAPMAN & OO.'S, RUTLAND, VT., opposite Depot. 


Russell Marcus, (Castleton,) r 30, laborer. 

Russell Willis, (Castleton,) r 31, laborer, owns h and 1. 

Ryan Catharine, (Castleton,) widow Michael, Main. 

Ryan John, (Castleton,) r 12, farmer 150. 

Ryan Joseph, (West Castleton,) r i, farmer 60. 

Sanford Carlos, (Castleton,) r 39, aparian 33 hives, breeder of full blood 

Spanish merino sheep and farmer 62. 
Sanford Franklin, (Castleton,) prop. Sanford House, and hvery sta])le, Main. 
SANFORD JAMES, (Castleton,) alio, physician and surgeon, Seminary. 
Sanford House, (Castleton,) Frankhn Sanford, proprietor. Main. 
SCRIBNER GEORGE W., (Castleton,) r 30. cor. 32, farmer 300. 
SCRIBNER GROVE L., (Castleton,) near r 15, farmer for Charles Slason, 

of W. Rutland. 
Scribner William H. H., (Castleton,) r 37, farmer 70. 
Shaw Archibald C, (Castleton,) r 12, farmer 30, 10 timber. 
Shehan Ann Mrs., (Hydeville,) r ig, farmer hand lot. 
Shelvey Luke, (Castleton,) r 15, farmer 65. 
SHERIDAN JAMES, (Castleton,) r 12, farmer 10. 
Sheridan John, (Castleton,) r 13, farmer 17. 
*SHERMAN CARLOS S., (Castleton,) (Sherman & Gleason,) president 

National Bank and producer of marble, general merchant, farmer 204, 

on r 16. 
Sherman Charles, (Castleton,) r 25, carpenter. ' 
Sherman Franklin H., (Hydeville,) r 25, quarryman. 
SHERMAN THEODORE M., (Castleton,) r 28, farmer 85. 
Sherman Theodore S., (Castleton,) (Sherman & Armstrong,) r 28. 
Sherman & Armstrong, (Castleton,) (Theodore S. Sherman, Egbert H. 

Armstrong,) manufacturers and wholesale dealers in marble, marble 

works on r 8. 
SHERMAN & GLEASON, (Castleton,) (Carlos S. Sherman, and Henry C. 

Gleason, of Shrewsbury,) marble producers, office Main. 
Simonds Daniel, (Castleton,) r 18. plow maker. 
Smart John, (Castleton,) custom shoemaking. Main, h Seminary. 
Smith Albert H., (Castleton,) r 26, painter. 
Smith CaroHne, (Castleton,) widow Albert, Main. 

Smith Darwin H., (Castleton,) r 31, dairy 13 cows, stock grower, farmer 240. 
Smith George, (Castleton,) r 29, farmer, leases of L. B. Smith, 120. 
Smith Leonard B., (Castleton, r 38, dealer in steam machinery and farmer 255. 
Smith Lydia, (Castleton,) widow Frank, Main. 

Smith Sylvenas H., (Castleton,) r 12, farmer, leases of Archibald C. Shaw, 40. 
Smith Thomas P., (Castleton,) grocery, and tax collector, Main. 
Spencer George D., (Castleton,) newspaper correspondent. Main. 
Sprague Laura Mrs., (Castleton,) widow of Dr. H. W., h Main. 
Spencer Levi B., (Castleton,) farmer, leases of Mrs. R. A. Jackman 200, Mill. 
*SPENCER Wn^LIAM H., (Castleton,) dentist, at Sanford House every 

Tuesday, resides Poultney. 
Stanard Charles, (Castleton,) r 3, farmer 130. 
*STATE NORMAL SCHOOL at Castleton, first congressional district, 

Abel E. Leavenworth, A. M., principal and proprietor. Seminary. 
Steele Guy, (Castleton,) mason and plasterer. Main. 
Steele Samuel B., (Castleton,) farmer 171, Main. 

STEVENS HENRY T., (Castleton,) carpenter and joiner and supt. of Ver- 
mont soap stone pencil company, Main, 


Stevenson John, (Castleton,) r 26, molder. 

STONE LEVI H., (Castleton,) Congregational clergyman. Main. 
Streeter A. E., (Castleton,) r 9, farmer, leases of Joseph Adams estate, 225. 
Streeter Eugene, (Castleton,) r 10, farmer 2, leases of Adams estate, of Fair 

Haven, 200. 
Streeter Hiram, (Castleton,) peddler. South. 
Strong John, (Castleton,) barber. Main. 
Sullivan Lott, (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman. 
SuUivan James, (Hydeville,) quarryman. 
Sweeney Patrick, (Castleton,) r ;^8, farmer 29. 

TEBORDO WILLIS, (Castleton,) general blacksmithing, Main, h on r 29. 
Thibaudeau Eugene, (Castleton,) r 14, farmer 160. 
THORNTON ASAHEL P., (Castleton,) r 30, breeder of Hambletonian 

horses, registered Spanish merino sheep, and farmer 365. 
Tinimony James, (Castleton,) veterinary surgeon, Poultney. 
Tomhnson, Hale, (Castleton,) r 5, dairy 10 cows, farmer 145. 
Toohey Martin, (W. Castleton,) r 10, slate maker and leases of VV. R. Gil- 
more, of West Rutland, about 100. 
Toohey Michael, (West Castleton,) r 19, farmer, occupies of John Winters 

estate, 60. 
Towers Bridget, (Hydeville,) r 21, widow John, farm 5. 
UPTON WILLIAM H. (Castleton,) agent for job printing and rubber 

stamps. Main. 
Walker Wilson C. (East Hubbardton,) r 8, wool growers, dairy 25 cows, and 

farmer 500. 
Wallace George H. Rev., (Castleton,) pastor Advent church. Main. 
Wallace John, (Castleton,) r 13, farmer, with Martin S., 150. 
WARD SELAH G., (Hydeville,) r 25, teacher of vocal and instrumental 

music, foreman marble saw mill. 
Ward Willard, (Hydeville,) r 25, teamster. 

Waters Hiram, (Castleton,) (Griswold & Waters,) Main cor. South. 
Welch Michael, (Hydeville,) r 21, quarryman. 

Welch Patrick, (Castleton,) r 38, track boss, owns house and i acre. 
Welch Pat., (Hydeville,) r 21, quarryman. 
WESTOVER ROLLIN B., (Castleton,) r 26, cor. 18, prop. Westover House 

and livery stable. 
WESTOVER HOUSE, (Castleton,) r 26, cor. 18, R. B. Westover, prop. 
Westover Hyde, (Castleton,) r 26, cor. 18, (with R. B.,) senior landlord of 

Vermont, was in war of 181 2. 
Wheeler Jacob, (Castleton,) r 18, 91 years old, was in the war of 1812. 
WHEELER NICHOLAS. (Castleton,) r 26, laborer, works in slate mill. 
Whitlock, Charles H., (Castleton,) r 15, farmer 85. 
White John, (Hydeville,) r 21, laborer. 

Whitmore, Harry, (Castleton,) r 17, farmer, leases of Mrs. Ann Fulton, 70. 
Whitney John A., (Castleton,) r 41, farmer, leases of Chloe Parsons, 4. 
Wilkinson David, (Castleton,) butcher. Elm. 
Willard Eunice Miss, (Castleton,) Seminary. 
Willard George, (Castleton,) retired farmer. South. 
Willard Ursula, (Castleton,) Seminary. 
Wilhams Asa, (Castleton,) painter, whitewasher &c.. South. 
Wilhams Charles, (W. Castleton,) foreman Lake Shore Slate Co. 

Buy Groceries of H. J. Peck, Fair Haven, Vt. 






Is permanently located in Poultney, at the 
Rooms formerly occupied by 
Frisbie & Miller. 

1^^ Special caie given to regulating and preserving children's teeth. Parents should see that their children 
visit a skillful dentist, at least three times during the year, and have their teeth carefully examined, by so doing 
they may save their children worlds of suffering. I have made Gold Filling a careful study, .\nd make it my 
SPECL-^LTV, and warrant all work for five years. Artificial Teeth in full or partial sets made on all the improved 
plates, and warranted to fit. 

{gp^ I will be at the Sanford House in CASTLETON every Tuesday ; will also visit MIDDLETOWN 
SPRINGS twice each month. 

Office in Joslin's Slock, Jfaiu Street, ^oult7iey, Vt. 


rotlaiiFsTeTm die works 

B Wales Street^ Rutland^ Ft, 

-^(cW. SIMPSON, DYER.iif^ 

J^eathers 7)yed and Colored in Fancy Colors, &c. 

Silks :i>yed in Fancy atid other Colors, 

Ji'id Gloves Cleaned at Ten Ce fits per ^air. 

The above 'mentioned can he sent safely and clieapest by mail. 

iW Ladies'' Dress Goods and Shawls dyed. When not too much faded can be cleaned 
and re-finished. All kinds of Dress Goods require to be ripped. Gentlemen'' s Goods do 
not require to be ripped. N. B. — Blankets cleaned and pressed at $1.00 per pair. 

W, SIMPSON, No. 5 Wales Street, Rutland, Vt. 


Williams Elbridge, (W. Castleton,) r 3, teamster. 

WILLIAMS FRANK J., (Castleton,) r 8, farmer 300. 

Williams Harriet Mrs., (Hydeville,) r 25, widow James, farmer 75, Main. 

Williams James J., (Hydeville,) r 24, quarryman. 

Williams John, Est, (W. Castleton.) r 3, farmer 100. 

Williams John D., (Hydeville,) one of the proprietors of Blue Ledge Slate Co. 

Williams John T., (Hydeville.) r 24, quarryman. 
WiUiams Plynn E., (Castleton,) r 8, farmer 80, and leases of Mrs. Ann E. 

Williams, 54. 
Williams Robert R., (Hydeville,) r 23, quarryman, owns h and lot. 
Wilhams Thomas, (Hydeville,) r 21, slate planer. 
Williams Wilham, (Hydeville,) r 21, slate sawyer. 
Williams William E., (Hydeville,) r 23, cor. 43, supt. of pencil quarry. 
WiUis Hiram H., (Castleton,) r 12, shoemaker and farmer 62^. 
Wilson Joseph H., (Hydeville,) r 25, farmer 60, and ^;^ mountain. 
Wiswell James, (Hydeville,) ticket and freight agent, and agent National 

Express company. 
WISWELL JAMES H., (Hydeville,) agent Evergreen Slate quarries, and 

agent for the steam yacht Naomi, Depot. 
Wood Burton E., (Castleton,) r 35, farmer 55. 
Wood Caroline, (Castleton,) widow Calvin, Main. 
Woodbury Jonathan B., (Castleton,) r 30, farmer 6. 
Woodbury Wm., (Castleton,) r 12, laborer. 
Woodward Charles, (Castleton,) r 41, widow E. C, farmer 2. 
Wright Russel M., M. A., (Easthampton, Mass.,) prof, natural science and 

geometry, Williston Seminary, owns house and lot. Seminary st., sjiends 

summer vacation here. 
Wyatt John, (Castleton,) r 26, lister and farmer 170. 
York Henry L., (Hydeville,) r 25, painter, grainer and paper hanger. 


Railroad Stations are Pittsford, three miles west, and Rutland, six miles south-west. Daily 

(For Ahhremations, tite.. See page 257.) 

Ager Alfred S., (Chittenden,) r 17, shoemaker, farmer 25. 

Alexander Davis, (Pittsford,) r 8, farmer. 

ALEXANDER HENRY S., (Pittsford,) r 6, farmer 51. 

Allen Lafayette, (Chittenden,) r 22, (R. V. Allen & Son,) farmer 100, moun- 

ALLEN RILEY V., (Chittenden,) r 22, (R. V. Allen &Son,) farmer 112. 

Allen R. V. & Son, (Chittenden,) r 22, (Lafayette,) saw mill, manufacturers 
eave troughs. 

Atwood Erwin S., (Chittenden,) r 21, lumberman and farmer 500, and 100 



ATWOOD LOREN E., (Chittenden,) r 21, lumberman, dairy 12 cows, 

farmer 250. 

Austin John, (Pittsfield,) r 19, works for A. N. Hayes. 

Bailey Lucien, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer 35. 

BAIRD AMOS, (Chittenden,) r 18, (Beard, Parker & Knapp.) 

BAIRD CHARLES V., (Chittenden,) r 23, lumberman. 

Baird David, (Chittenden,) r 22, farmer. 

Baird Elwin, (Chittenden,) r 13, teaming. 

Baird Freeman E., (Chittenden,) r 22, circular sawyer. 

Baird Hannah M., (Chittenden.) r 22, (wife of Joel,) farmer 45. 

BAIRD HENRY W., (Chittenden,) r 22, lumberman, farmer, h. and i acre, 
works of Joel Baird 75 acres. 

Baird Hiram, (Chittenden,) r 23, retired farmer. 

BAIRD HIRAM F., (Chittenden,) r 23, town clerk, dairy, 11 cows, beef, 
cattle and wool grower, 70 sheep, farmer 90. 

Baird Joel, (Chittenden,) r 22. farmer 75. 

BEARD JOHN, (Chittenden^) r 18, (Beard, Parker & Knapp.) 

BAIRD J. & A., (Chittenden,) r 18, (Beard, Parker & Knapp,) farmers 45 
and 250 mountain. 

Baird Rufus K., (Chittenden,) r 26, wool grower, 40 sheep, farmer 320 and 

Baird Stephen S., (Chittenden,) r 25, gunsmith ajid farm 80. 

Baird Thomas E., (Chittenden,) r 13, farmer 130. 

Baird William O., (Chittenden,) r 22, lumberman and farmer 50. 

Baird WiUiam R., (Chittenden,) r 26, (son of Wm. R.) 

Baird Wolcott K., (Pittsford,) r 3, lumberman and farmer 300. 

BAIRD, PARKER & KNAPP, (Chittenden,) r 29, (John and Amos Baird, 
Nelson D. Parker and George L. Knapp,) saw mill and dealers in all 
kinds of lumber. 

Baker Francis, (Pittsford,) r 6, farmer 2. 

Baker Frank, (Pittsford,) r 4, laborer. 

Baker Levi, (Chittenden,) r 22, teaming and farmer. 

Barber Samuel P., (Pittsford,) r 5, teamster for Daniel C. Wheeler. 

Barnard Dan. D., (Pittsford,) r 11, farmer 25, 

BARNARD EUGENE A., (Pittsford,) r 5, (Wetmore & Barnard,) teaming. 

Bassett Dwight, (Pittsford,) r i, farmer, leases 200 of Giles Bassett. 

Battiase Joseph, (Pittsford,) r 12, teamster. 

Benson George, (Pittsford,) r 4, laborer. 

Blanchard Nelson A., (Chittenden,) r 20, lumberman. 

BLANCHARD WILLIAM J., (Chittenden,) r 20, pastor Advent Christian 
Church and manuf. of Wilcox's magic balm or instant relief, farmer 28. 

Bogue Chloe J., (Chittenden,) r 18. 

Borden Thomas, (Chittenden,) r 24, farmer. 

Bowen Reuben T., (Pittsford,) r 5, laborer. 

Brown Danford, (Chittenden,) carpenter and joiner, justice of peace, farmer 4, 

BROWN EMMET, (Chittenden,) r 23, tin peddler. 

Brown John, (Pittsfield,) r 19, farmer. 

Brown John & E. L., (Chittenden,) r 22, lumbermen, 

*BROWN MILTON G., (Chittenden,) dealer in drugs and medicines, grocer- 
ies and provisions, teas, coffees, spices, tobaccos and cigars, confec- 
tioneries, stationery, boots, shoes, rubbers, &c. 

Bump Barton, (Chittenden,) r 21, laborer. 

Bump Luthera, (Pittsford,) r 6, farmer 55. 



Candon John, (Pittsford,) r 7, dairy 17 cows, farmer 150. 

Capron Benjamin B., (Chittenden,) r 25, dairy 10 cows, farmer 300. 

Casey James, (Pittsford,) r 11, farmer 90. 

Chandler Jacob, (Chittenden,) r 21, farmer 50. 

CHAPIN GEORGE W., (Pittsford) r 6, farmer 100. 

Chase Sylvester S., (Chittenden,) r 25, carpenter and farmer 30. 

Cheedle Timothy B. and Minerva L., sawmill and farmers 11. 

Churchill Charles H., (Pittsford,) r 6, lumberman and farmer 150. 

Churchill Columbus C, (Pittsford,) r 6, farmer 20, and works 30 of Elmira 

Churchill Elmira, (Pittsford,) r 6, wife of C. C, farmer 30. 
Churchill J. Quincy, (Pittsford,) r 10, carpenter and joiner. 
Clark Albert B., (Chittenden,) r 25, farmer. 
CLARK CHARLES S., (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer works 125 of the estate 

of John F. Clark. 
Clark Fayette E., (Chittenden,) r 26, dairy 6 cows, farmer 130. 
Clark Paul, (Chittenden,) carpenter and joiner, and farmer 75. 
Collins Nathan, (Pittsford,) r 9, wool grower and farmer leases of Asa 

CoUins, 35. 
Corkins John, (Pittsford,) r 19, sawyer. 
Crahan Lawrence, (Pittsford,) r 17, farmer. 

Crapo Emmet, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer, works 100, of Mrs. Ellen French. 
Davis John A., (Rutland,) r 27, raises beef cattle, farmer 190, and 25 timber 

and 8 in Pittsford. 
Davis Nathan, (Rutland,) r27, farmer no, and 14 in Pittsford. 
Davis Robert B., (Rutland,) r 27, carpenter and farmer 50. 
Davis Walter R., (Pittsfield,) r 19, house and carriage painter. 
Denning Bryan, (Pittsford,) r 5, farmer 158, and wood dealer. 
Dinn Michael, (Chittenden,) r 17, farmer 40. 
Dinn Walter, (Chittenden,) r 17, laborer. 
Dodge Albert B., (Chittenden,) r 13, farmer 2. 
Doncreau Abram, (Chittenden,) laborer. 
Doncreau John, (Chittenden,) laborer. 
Dow Richardson O., (Pittsford, ) r 5, agt. for Dennison Bros., Pittsford, for 

groceries and provisions, carpenter and mason and farmer 30. 
DOW WALLACE E., (Pittsford,) r 5, carpenter and joiner. (Wm. S. and 

Wallace E.) 
Dow Wm. S. and Wallace E., (Pittsford,) r 5, farmers 35. 
Durkee Alfred N., (Chittenden,) r 24, lumberman and farmer 70. 
Eddy Horatio G., (Chittenden,) r 25, spiritual medium and farmer 35. 
Eggleston Alvin, (Chittenden,) r 25, laborer. 
Fisk George, (Pittsfield,) r 19, laborer. 
FITZGERALD JOHN H., (Chittenden,) leases saw mill of Peter Johnson, 

Springfield, Mass., sawyer. 
Fox Matthew, (Pittsford,) off r 12, farmer 210. 
German Isaac, (Pittsford,) r 4, laborer. 
Gilmore Julius C., (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer, leases 800 of J. L. Billings, 

Harrison William H., (Pittsford,) r 8, dairy ;^;^ cows, farmer 300. 
HAYES ASA N., (Pittsfield,) r 19, mfr. and dealer in lumber and clapboards, 

farmer 75 and 2400 timber land. 

For Finish, Style § Durability §:' UJlXlD Shirt. 


HEWETT BARTHOLOMEW, (Chittenden,) r 18, (Hewett & Yaw,) dairy, 
15 cows, lumberman, farmer 350 and 400 mountain. 

Hewett Charles, (Chittenden,) r 18, retired farmer. 

HEWETT & YAW, (Chittenden,) r 18, (B. Hewett, Daniel F. Yaw,) 500 
acres mountain. 

Higgins Patrick, (Chittenden,) r 13, farmer 50. 

Hill Robert, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer 100. 

HOLDEN CHARLP2S R., (Pittsford,) r 4, manufacturer and dealer in lum- 
ber, farmer 1700 acres. 

Horton Edwin, (Chittenden,) town representative, constable, collector, and 
farmer 55. 

Horton John N., (Chittenden,) farmer, res. in village. 

Huntoon Hiram J., (Rutland,) r 25, carpenter and farmer 8. 

Johnson Mont. M., (Chittenden,) r 22, laborer. 

Johnson WiUianI, (Chittenden,) r 22, laborer. 

Joy George W., (Pittsfield,) rig, laborer. 

Knapp George L., (Chittenden,) r 20, (Parker, Baird & Knapp,) farmer 117. 

KNIGHT ALFRED P., (Pittsfield,) r 19. farmer 100 in Pittsfield. 

KNIGHT JOHN C, (Pittsfield,) off r 19, cider mill, dairy, 13 cows, far- 
mer 60 and 50 in Pittsfield. 

KNIGHT JOHN W., (Pittsfield,) r 19, farmer 100. 

Lampman Benjamin N., (Chittenden,) r 21, mfr. and layer of concrete 
roofing and pavement, coal kiln, farmer. 

Lampman DeHa A., (Chittenden,) r 21, (wife of Benj. N.,) farmer 200. 

LANDON HOUSE, (Chittenden,) W. B. Wing, proprietor. 

Lareau Moses, (Pittsford,) r 5, laborer. 

Larock Mitchell, (Chittenden,) teamster. 

Lassard Vetel, (Chittenden,) r 23, wheelwright and carriage painter. 

Lassor Zaby, (Chittenden,) r 22, blacksmith, teaming, res. and i acre on r 22. 

Lawrence Fremont, (Chittenden,) blacksmith. 

Leet Elbert R., (Chittenden,) r 15, circular sawyer and teaming. 

Leonard Chas., (Pittsford,) farmer 50. 

Leonard WiUiam, (Chittenden,) r 22, teaming. 

Lethbridge Charhe, (Pittsford,) r 5, teamster. 

Libbey Pheola, (Chittenden,) blacksmith. 

Lique Michael, (Chittenden,) r 22, laborer. 

Long Henry, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer 260. 

Longley Solomon, (Chittenden,) resident. 

Lyon George, (Chittenden,) r 21, teaming. 

Manly Alfred, (Pittsford,) r 9, dairy 8, farmer, works 130 of CaroHne Manly. 

Manly Caroline, (Pittsford,) r 9, (wife of Alfred,) farmer 150. 

Manley Charles H., (Pittsford,) r i, farmer 200. 

Manley Nelson, (Pittsford,) r 12, laborer. 

Manley Otis, (Pittsford,) r 7, dairy 18, farmer. 

MANLEY THOMAS H., (Pittsford,) r 12, carpenter and farmer 28. . 

Manley Thomas H., (Pittsford,) r 7, son of Otis. 

Manning Candon, (Chittenden,) farmer, leases 200 of Henry Harrison, Bran- 

Martin WiUiam H., (Pittsford,) r 5, laborer. 

McCoUom Norman H., (Pittsfield,) rig, carpenter and joiner and cabinet 
maker, and farmer 150. 

McCormick John, (Pittsford), r 8, dairy 21, farmer 175. 

McGee Joseph, (Chittenden,) r 21, laborer. 



McGee Lewis, (Pittsford,) r 5, laborer. 

Mclvor James, (Chittenden,) blacksmith and circular sawyer. 

Miller Elihu, (Chittenden,) farmer 7. 

Miller Frank P., (Chittenden,) teamster. 

MORRILL FRED H., (Pittsfield,) r 19, lumberman for C. W. Brigham. 

Morrill Ira M., (Pittsfield,) r 19, farmer 52. 

MuUin Joseph, (Pittsford,) r 3, farmer 114. 

Mullin Patrick, (Pittsford,) r 8, carpenter and joiner and dairy 13 cows, 

farmer 165. 
Mullin Wm., (Pittsford,) r 8, dairy 45 cows, farmer 300. 
Newton William, (Chittenden,) r 18, works for N. D. Parker. 
Nichols Willard, (Chittenden,) r 21, farmer 73. 
Narcross Samuel, (Pittsford,) r 3, laborer. 
Noyes Daniel, (Chittenden,) r 17, farmer 230. 
NOYES HIRAM F., (Chittenden,) postmaster, dealer in dry goods, boots, 

shoes, rubber goods, and all kinds of family groceries, and provisions 

lumber dealer and blacksmith shop. 
Oney William, (Pittsford,) r 9, laborer. 
Osgood W. & W. W., (Rutland,) r 25, (Willard & Willard W.,) dairy 15 

cows, mutton sheep 50 head and farmers 250. 
Parish Richard, (Chittenden,) r 18, retired farmer. 
PARKER NELSON D., (Chittenden,) r 18, (Beard, Parker and Knapp,) 

carpenter and joiner, farmer 300 and 250 mountain. 
Payne Wm. H., (Pittsford,) r 8, farmer 10. 
Perry Ernest, (Chittenden,) r 18, carpenter and farmer 50. 
Perry Henry J., (Chittenden,) carpenter and joiner, farmer 13. 
Powell Almon, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer no, and 80 pasture. 
POWELL M. DATON, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer, son of Almon. 
Rice Luther, (Pittsford,) r 4, laborer. 

Ripley James C, (Pittsford,) r 10, laborer. ""' 

ROBBINS GEORGE C, (Chittenden,) r 21, sawyer and agent for John 

l>efTerts, (Platsburg, L. I.,) saw mill and lumber dealer, and 1200 acres 

Rogers Alonzo, (Chittenden,) r 22, lumberman, 50 acres mountain, 
Rogers Lewis, (Pittsford,) laborer. 
Rowell David G,, (Pittsford,) r 8, manufacturer and layer of wooden aqueduct, 

and farmer 30. 
Salcer Anna, (Chittenden,) r 21, farmer 20. 
SARGENT ANDREW J., (Chittenden,) physician and dairy 12 cows, farmer 

Sargent Linus E., (Chittenden,) r 25, school teacher. 
Segar Harry C. (Pittsford,) r 6, farmer 100. 

Selden Edward D., (Pittsford,) r 5, book-keeper for Naylor & Go's saw mill. 
Shaw Jacob, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer 32 on r 20. 
Shayes Wm., (Pittsford,) r 9, laborer. 
Shelvy Gilbert, (Pittsford,) r 6, carpenter and joiner. 
Shelvy Patrick, (Pittsford,) r 6, farm 175. 
Shelvy Thomas, (Pittsford,) r 6, dairy 15 cows, farmer 300. 
Shelvy William, (Chittenden,) r 18, farmer, leases 250 of Warren H. Smith, 

Shurburn Wm. H., (Pittsfield,) r 19, lumberman and farmer 100. 




C. W. MASON, Vergennes, Vt. S. J. WRIGHT, Toledo, Ohio. 








SATISFACTION , ,M^^^^^i:::.m^^s^ guaranteed! 







Commission Mercliant 




^RESL ESTUTE AGENT.- ^^^^^^ ^^^^ (j^ffg^s 




I^^ Goods Delivered Free in Village. 

Ricliarflsoii BM, 43 Centre Street, - RUTLOD, VT. 


A sure cure for Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Headache, 
Toothache, Cuts, Bruises, Stings of Insects, Pains 
in the Back and Side, Scalds, Burns, Corns, Sprains, 
Chilblains, Lameness, &c. As an internal remedy it 
has no equal, curing almost instantly Diarrhcta, Dys- 
entery, Cholara Morbus, Pains in the Stomach, 
Heartburn, Coughs, Colds, Sore Throat, &-c. In 
these complaints the Magic Pain Cure has no su- 
perior, and while thus efficacious, it is perfectly safe 
to administer to persons of all ages. 

PRICE. - - 35 CENT.S. 



laDdeliOD I lijapple fills 1 

These Pills (the prescription of a celebrated Eng- 
lish Physician) are a safe and certain specific for 
Billiousness, Constipation, Piles, Habitual Costive- 
ness. Headache, and all diseases which have their 
origin in a disordered condition of the Liver, and are 
unequalled as a general 

■F A. T>/L ii-.'v cA.rci^.A.n'noi 
(B^^ Elegantly Coated with Sugar, and put up in 
the best style of any Pill in the market. 

Price, - - '25 Cents ^er Box, 

m^^'The above mentioned reliable remedies are for sale by Druggists and Country Merchants generally, and 
are prepared by 

Jtt. G. BROWN, Druggist and Pharmacist, Chittenden, Vt. 


Skirce John, (Pittsford,) r 5, laborer. 

Sprague Orick, (Chittenden,) r 21, fire insurance agent, justice of peace, 

farmer 15. 
Sprague Rufus, (Chittenden,) r 22, farmer 50. 
Stafford Levi, (Chittenden,) r 21, laborer. 
Streeter Theron, (Chittenden,) r 25, farmer. 

TARBLE GERMAN F., (Pittsford,) r 6, dairy 8 cows, farmer 90. 
Tarble John L., (Pittsford,) r 6, dairy 8 cows, farmer 120. 
Tarble Sylvester, (Pittsford,) r 12, farmer, leases estate of Azem Churchill. 
Taylor WiUiam, (Pittsford.) r 5, collier. 
Trombly Jerry, (Pittsford,) r 5, teamster. 
Tugwell R. H., (Hoboken, N. J.,) saw mill on r 22. 
Walker William S., (Chittenden,) r 13, farmer go. 

Westerfield Anna F., (Chittenden,) r 22, wife of James E., res. and 5 acres. 
Westerfield James E., (Chittenden,) r 22, author on life insurance. 
WETMORE CHARLES E., (Pittsford,) r 5, (Wetmore & Barnard), over- 
seer of Naylor «& Co's. saw mill. 
WETMORE ROYAL S., (Pittsford,) r 12, farmer 200. 
WETMORE & BARNARD, (Pittsford,) r 5, (Charles E. W. & Eugene A.,) 

lumbermen and 230 acres mountain. 
WHEELER DANIEL F., (Pittsford,) r 5, lumberman and farm 200. 
Whitcomb Henry, (Chittenden,) r 21, laborer. 
Whitcomb John, (Chittenden,) r 20, laborer. 
WHITE JAMES, (Pittsford,) r i, dairy 14, farmer 114. 
White Wm. J., (Pittsford,) r i, farmer, son James. 
White River Iron Co., (Pittsfield,) r 19, J. J. Saltery, president; Henry B. 

Thompson, secretary. 
Williams Jesse (Chittenden,) r 21, laborer. 
Williams John, ('Chittenden,) r 21, teaming. 
Wilson Wm. H., (Pittsford,) r 4, laborer. 
Wing Francis L., (Chittenden, retired farmer. 
Wing Kittridge M., (Chittenden,) farmer 85. 

WING WOLCOTT B., (Chittenden,) proprietor Landon House and livery. 
Winslow Henry, (Pittsford,) r 8, laborer. 
WINSLOW LEWIS I., (Pittsford,) r 8, custom grist mill, dairy 50 cows, 

farmer 300. 
Winter RoUo, (Chittenden,) r 16, farmer 20. 
Winter Wilson, R., (Chittenden,) r 16, mason, farmer 11. 
Woods Albert R. (Pittsford,) r i, (O. L. & A. .C) 
Woods Oscar C, (Pittsford,) r i, (O. L. & A. C.) 
Woods O. L. & A. C, (Pittsford,) r i, carpenters and joiners, dairy 14, 

farmers 114. 
Wormer John, (Chittenden,) saw mill and turning mill and manuf. fork 

YAW DANIEL F., (Chittenden,) r 20, lumberman and farmer 8. 
Yaw Zaccheus M., (Chittenden,) r 24, carpenter. 





Foi' Abbreviations Ac, see jxtge 2ii7. 

ACKLEY LORENZO W., (Clarendon Springs,) r 41, farmer 120, dairy 11 

cows, manuf. of sugar. 
ADAMS LUCIUS B., (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, (Adams & Wheadon.) 
ADAMS & WHEADON, (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, Lucius B. A. and Geo. 

T. W.,) farmers lease 400 of Geo. W. Freeman, of West Rutland. 
ALBEE HARMON S., (Wallingford,) r 39, farmer 68. 
Aldrich Aaron, (Wallingford,) r 39, farmer 200. 

Aldrich Shelley S., (Wallingford,) r 39, farmer, leases 260 of Hiram Button. 
ARNOLD Wn.LIAM W., (N. Clarendon,) r 17, carpenter and joiner, 

farmer 50. 
Atwater Charles, (Clarendon Springs,) r 5, farmer, works 45 of Mary A. 

ATWATER MYRON P., (Clarenden Springs,) r 20, dairy 24 cows, and 

farmer, leases 250 of S. Smith. 
BARBER JOSHUA D., (Clarendon Springs,) proprietor grist mill, car- 
penter, residence in Pittsford. 
Barrett James, (Clarendon,) r 19, with Moses W. Kelley, dairy 22 cows, 

farmer 140 
Beach Noah P., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, farmer 20 and machinist. 
Benson Hannibal, (Clarendon,) r 19, farmer, works 290 of the estate of Por- 
ter Benson. 
Benson Willis, (Clarendon,) r 29, farmer, leases 198 of the estate of Philip 

BIDGOOD JACOB F., (Rutland,) r 12, carpenter and farmer 160. 
BISHOP HENRY, (Clarendon Springs,) r 4, farmer no. 
Bixby Thomas, (N. Clarendon,) r 10, laborer. 
BOND HORACE W., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, fruit tree agt. for Henry Webb, 

and with C. H. Barber of Rutland, Apiarian, 150 swarms. 
Brennan Edward, (Clarendon,) r 29, works for B. & R. Railway Co. 
Briggs Lydia S., (Clarendon,) r 29, widow Philip, farmer 200. 
Brown James J., (E. Clarendon,) r 37, farmer. 
Brown John, (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer. 
Brown Thomas, (E. Clarendon,) r 37, farmer 400. 
Brown Wm., (E. Clarendon,) r 37, farmer. 
Burbank Albert, (Clarendon,) peddler. 

BURR GEORGE H., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, soap manufacturer. 
Burr George W., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, carpenter, and farmer 30. 
Butler James, (E. Clarendon,) farmer 309. 

BUTLER RICHARD, (Clarendon,) r 36, section foreman B. & R. Railway. 
Butler Thomas, (Clarendon,) r 36, works for B. & R. R. Co. 
Button Hiram F., (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer 390 and mountain land 225, part 

is in Shrewsbury. 
Chapman Burr, (N. Rutland,) r i, farmer 175. 
CHAPMAN HARVEY, (W. Rutland,) r i, with Joseph H., farmer 300. 



Chapman Joseph H., (W. Rutland,) r i, with Harvey, farmer 300. 

Childs Frank, (E. Clarendon,) landscape artist. 

CHILDS HENRY, (E. Clarendon,) r ;^^, house and carriage painter, kalso- 
mining, paper-hanging and graining. 

*CLARENDON HOUSE and SPRINGS, (Clarendon Springs,) B. Murray 
& Sons props. 

Clark Caleb H., (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer 70. 

CLEMONS LOLA LEE, Mrs., (Rutland,) r 12, supt. of schools. 

demons Stephen, (Rutland,) r 12, gardener, farmer, leases of Jno. Wilmarth 30, 

Cleveland John W., (N. Clarendon,) r 17, farmer 120. 

Cobb Allen H., (Clarendon Springs,) basket maker. 

COBURN NELSON H., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, manuf. butter tubs. 

Cole Clem J., (N. Clarendon,) r 17, soft soap maker and peddler. 

Colvin John C, (Clarendon Springs,) r 26, farmer 70. 

COLVIN LINUS F., (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, farmer 170. 

Combs Daniel C, (E. Clarendon,) r 31, farmer. 

Comerford John, (Clarendon), r 34, farmer. 

Comerford John, Jr., (Clarendon,) r 34, farmer. 

Comerford Thomas, (Clarendon,) r 34, works for B. & R. Railroad Co., far- 
mer 18. 

CONGDON EDWIN, (Clarendon,) r 35, town clerk, dairy 20 cows, breeder 
Devon cattle, farmer 220 and 80 mountain pasture. 

Congdon George W., (Clarendon Springs,) r 23, farmer 80 and 40 mountain. 

Congdon Lester, (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, farmer, leases 40 of the estate of 
Jonathan Ridlon. 

Connell James, (Clarendon Springs,) r 4, laborer. 

Crippen Amos, (W. Rutland,) r i, farmer 135. 

Crippen Benj. F., (W. Rutland,) r i, farmer, works 135 of Amos Crippen. 

Croft Leonard F., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, (W. C. & L. F. Croft,) civil engineer. 

Croft WiUiam C, (N. Clarendon,) r 18, (W. C. & L. F. Croft.) 

Croft W. C. & L. F., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, William C. & Leonard F.,) far- 
mers 285, dairy 39 cows. 

Grossman Washington R., (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer 170. 

Grossman Wm., (E. Clarendon,) farmer. 

Davis Frederick A., (Clarendon Springs,) r 22, farmer 117. 

Davis George R., (Clarendon Springs,) r 24, farmer 230. 

Davis Judson H., (N. Clarendon,) r 17, speculator. 

Dominy Charles (N. Clarendon,) r 14, farmer. 

DRINWATER CHARLES K, (Clarendon,) leases 60 of J. C. Spencer. 

Eddy Daniel P., (Clarendon,) r 19, cheese factory at East Clarendon, farmer 
6, and leases of L. M. Walker, 15. 

Eddy Hiram H., (Clarendon,) r 19, with Winslow S., farmer 80. 

Eddy Jay F., (Clarendon Springs,) r 43, farmer 120. 

Eddy Joseph A. H., (Clarendon,) r 19, farmer 5. 

Eddy Winslow S., (Clarendon,) r 19, with Hiram H., farmer 80. 

Emery Andrew J., (Clarendon,) r 27, farmer, residence Clarendon Flats. 

Estabrook Alexander F., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, blacksmith and farmer 4. 

Everest Heman P., (Clarendon Springs,) with J. D., farmer 400. 

Everest Ira, (Clarendon Springs.) 

Everest James P., Clarendon Springs,) 

Everest J. D., (Clarendon Springs,) with Heman P., farmer 400. 

Ewing Charles (Clarendon Springs,) r 42, farmer, leases 140 of Julius A. C. 


Ewing Julius A. C, (Clarendon Springs,) r 92, farmer 140. 

Farrell Martin, (E. Clarendon,) r ;^;^, section foreman. Central Vt. R. R., 
farmer 200. 

Fish William G., (Rutland,) r 9, farmer, works 160 of Winslow G. Fish. 

Fish Winslow G., (Rutland,) r 9, insurance agent and farmer 160. 

Fisk Benjamin, (Clarendon Springs,) r 43, farmer 9, in Tinmouth. 

FISK MERRITT, (Clarendon Springs,) r 43, farmer 20. 

Fisk Noah, (Clarendon Springs,) r 43^ carpenter and farmer 17. 

Flanders Wallace M., (E. Clarendon,) r 32, farmer, carpenter and joiner. 

Flanders William, (Clarendon,) r 35, carpenter and farmer. 

Fuller Jacob, (N. Clarendon,) r 8, prop. Marshall cheese factory. 

Fuller Joseph, (Clarendon,) r 29, dairy 21 cows, farmer 158. 

GEE LEONARD P., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, building mover, carpenter, stone 
mason and farmer 43 in Brandon. 

Gibson Samuel C, (N. Clarendon,) r 9, farmer leases of E. Moss, of Rut- 
land, 140, and dairy 12 cows. 

Giddings Francis W., (Clarendon,) r 34, carpenter, farmer 26. 

Glynn Edgar M., (E. Clarendon,) gunsmith and farmer 60. 

Gorton Benj., (N. Clarendon,) r i8, farmer 90, also 220 in Mount HoUey, 
and 300 in Wallingford. 

GRACE JAMES R., (Clarendon,) r 35, blacksmith and wagon repairing. 

Greene Frank A., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, dairy 15 cows, farmer 100. 

Grover Abbott J., (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer. 

Grover Joseph H., (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer, leases 200 of Harvey Kings- 
ley, of Rutland. 

GROVER MARSHALL W., (E. Clarendon,) r 3^, farmer 5. 

Haradon Gardner, (E. Clarendon,) r 16, laborer. 

Haradon Hannibal, (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer. 

Harrington Wm. W., (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, stone mason and farmer. 

Harvey William, (Clarendon Springs,) r 41, farmer 100, and 50 mountain. 

Hayes John J., (Clarendon Springs,) farmer 30. 

Higgins Elkanah, (Clarendon Springs,) laborer. 

HITCHCOCK HANNAH L., (Clarendon Springs,) r 3, widow Henry, dairy 
13 cows, farmer 160. 

Hodges Edward W., (Clarendon,) r 29, farmer. 

Hodges Eugene H., (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer. 

HODGES HANNIBAL, (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer 360. 

Holden Arthur N., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, strawberry raiser, farmer, works 125 
of E. L. Holden. 

Holden EH L., (N. Clarendon,) r 15, farmer 125. 

Holden Elijah B., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, postmaster, physician, claivoyant 
and farmer 40, owns cider mill. 

Holden James S. (N. Clarendon,) r 14, retired farmer. 

Hopkins Hadwen D., (Clarendon Springs,) r 41, farmer, works 800 of Mrs. 
Huldah Potter, dairy 42 cows. 

Horton Alvah, (N. Clarendon,) r 10, (A. & B. E. Horton.) 

Horton A & B. E., (N. Clarendon,) r it, (Alvah and Bent E.,) manufs. of 
chair stock, cheese boxes and spring beds, grist and cider mills, sawmill, 
and no acres mountain land. 

Horton Bent F., (N. Clarendon,) r 11, (A. & B. E. Horton.) 

Horton Edgar H., (Clarendon,) r 29, carpenter and speculator. 

Horton Hopkins, (N. Clarendon,) r 6, farmer 175. 

Horton Julius A. C, (Clarendon,) r 6, farmer, works 175 of Hopkins Horton. 



Horton Rollin, (Clarendon,) carpenter. 

Horton Susan T., (Clarendon,) r 34, wife of T. K., farmer 28. 

Horton Timothy K., (Clarendon,) r 34, postmaster, carpenter and farmer 11, 

and with William P. farmer 47. 
Horton T. K. & W. P., (Clarendon,) r 34 farmers 47. 
Horton WiUiam P., (Clarendon,) r 34, station agent, i)ainter and farmer li- 

and with Timothy K., farmer 47. 
Hosford Rachel and EmeHne, Misses, (Clarendon,) r 35, tailoress and dress- 
Hyde Henry H., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, laborer. 
Ingalls Bennoni, (E. Clarendon,) r 2^, marble worker. 
Ingalls Joseph C, (E. Clarendon,) r ;^;^, marble worker. 
Jackson Napoleon B., (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer. 
JOHNSON HOLTON C, (N. Clarendon,) r 7, farmer 160. 
Jones Lester, (Clarendon Springs,) r 25, farmer 40. 

KEECH HORACE H., (WaUingford,) r 36, farmer, leases of C. M. Towns- 
end, of WaUingford, dairy i6 cows, and farm 160. 
Keily Jeremiah, (E. Clarendon,) r 39, farmer 113. 
Kelley Elihu S., (N. Clarendon,) r 7, with Samuel H., farmer 75. 
KELLEY MOSES W,, (Clarendon,) r 19, with James Barrett, dairy 22 

cows, farmer 140. 
Kelley Patrick, (Clarendon Springs,) r 3, quarryman. 
Kelley Samuel H., ( N. Clarendon,) r 7, with EHhu S., farmer 75. 
Kelley Erastus, (Clarendon Springs,) r 4, farmer 150. 
KEYES JOHN, (Clarendon Springs,) r 42, prop, grist mill, farmer 100. 
KIMBALL DANIEL, (N. Clarendon,) r 17, farmer 108, breeder and dealer 

in imported short-horned cattle. 
Kingsley John Harrison, (E. Clarendon,) r 34, grist mill, carding machine, 

and farmer 70. 
Kingsley Horace, (E. Clarendon,) r 42, farmer 160. 
Kingsley John H., (E. Clarendon,) leases grist mill of J. Harrison Kingsley, 

and dealer in flour, meal and feed, and wool clarding. 
Kingsley Samuel T., (E. Clarendon,) r 38, farmer 100. 
Lapoint Wm., (Clarendon Springs,) laborer. 
Law John, (Clarendon,) r 35, laborer. 
Lee James E., (Rutland,) r 12, Methodist clergyman. 
Learned John F., (Clarendon Springs,) r 26, farmer. 
LINCOLN GEORGE, (Clarendon Springs,) r 23, farmer, leases 175 of 

Lincoln James H., (N. Clarendon,) r 11, house painter, farmer, leases of 

John Willmarth 75. 
Lincoln Josiah W., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, farmer. 
Marlow Lewis, (N. Clarendon,) r 10, soap maker, owns ^ acre. 
Marsh Marcie Mrs., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, widow of Wm. D., farmer 90. 
Marsh William G., (N. Clareiidon,) r 18, dairy 16 cows, farmer 100, and 100 

in Mendon. 
Mason Schuyler N., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, carpenter, millwright and milling, 

h. and 3 acres. 
McGee Frank, (Clarendon Springs,) cheese maker. 
Merriam John A. P., (Clarendon Springs,) postmaster and dealer in dry goods, 

groceries, boots and shoes, and patent medicines. 

and POCKET BOOKS, opp. Depot, RUTLAND, VT. 


MILLER HENRY, (N. Clarendon,) r 17, chair caner, house painter, and 

farmer 4. 
Moore Andrew, (Clarendon Springs,) wagon maker and repairer. 
Moran Margaret Mrs., (N. Clarendon,) r 17, widow of James, farmer 81. 
MORAN MICHAEL, (N. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer, leases of Henry Tower, 

of Rutland, 150. 
MORAN MICHAEL, (N. Clarendon,) r 10, farmer 35. 
MORSS GEORGE H., (Clarendon,) r 29, pastor Congregational church. 
MURRAY ARTHUR B., (Clarendon Springs,) (B. Murray & Sons.) 
MURRAY BYRON, (Clarendon Springs,) (B. Murray & Sons.) 
*MURRAY B. & SONS, (Clarendon Springs,) (Byron, George T. and 

Arthur B.,) props., Clarendon House and Springs, keep livery and 

farmers 167. 
MURRAY GEORGE T., (Clarendon Springs,) (B. Murray & Sons.) 
MUSSEY HARRIET E. Mrs., (N. Clarendon,) r 14, farmer 86. 
Newton A. Jay, (Wallingford,) r 27^, farmer 440. 
Newton Alexander, (Clarendon,) r 19, farmer 174. Died — 1881. 
Parker John B., (E. Clarendon,) r 39, farmer 2 and 80 in Mendon. 
Patterson Hiram, (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer, leases 60 of Mrs. E. H. Grossman. 
PECK ELI AS, (Clarendon Springs,) r 4, farmer 114. 
PERRY JOHN B., (N. Clarendon,) carriage maker and painter. 
PERSONS DANIEL, (Clarendon,) r 19, dairy, 16 cows, leases farm 174 of 

Alexander Newton. 
PIERCE CORNELIUS C, (E. Clarendon,) r 32, secretary Rutland Co. 

Agricultural Society, secretary Vermont State Poultry Association, 

agent for barbed wire fence, and farmer 150. 
Pierce Thomas, (Clarendon,) r 18, dairy 24 cows, farmer 220. 
Pitts Charles, (N. Clarendon,) r 10, works for A. & B. E. Holden. 
Pitts George M., (N. Clarendon,) r 13, farmer. 
PL ATT HATTIE E. Miss, (N. Clarendon,) r 18, farmer 100. 
PLUMLEY JOHN W., (N. Clarendon,) r 17, tin peddler and dealer in 

hides and pelts, and farmer, works for W. W. Arnold, 50. 
Potter Henry, (Clarendon,) r 19, carpenter and farmer 70. 
Potter Huldah Mrs., (Clarendon Springs,) r 41, farmer 300. 
Potter Noel, (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, town representative and farmer 245. 
Potter Oscar, (N. Clarendon,) r 19, farmer 88. 
Powers Nichols M., (Clarendon,) r 35, farmer 375, cheese factory and bridge 

POWERS RUSSELL F., (Clarendon,) r 35, constable and collector, farmer 

10, and works 400 of N. M. Powers. 
PRATT ARTEMAS, (N. Clarendon,) r 7, farmer 130, and 170 in Rutland, 

and 100 in Mendon. 
Pratt James D., (Clarendon,) r 36, (Stewart & Pratt,) cheese maker. 
Pratt Sanford A., (N. Clarendon,) r 7, farmer, leases of Artemas 127. 
Provost Joseph, (N. Clarendon,) r to, blacksmith. 
Quincy Amos, (Clarendon,) farmer. 
Quincy Thomas, (Clarendon Springs,) r 5, farmer 252. 
Quincy Thomas, (Clarendon Springs,) r 5, farmer. 
Ridlon George M., (Clarendon Springs,) r 25, farmer 200. 
Ridlon John, (Clarendon Springs,) r 4, stone mason, musician and farmer 60. 
Ridlon John H., (Clarendon Springs,) r 24, tailor. 
Riley Barney, (Walhngford,) r 36, farmer 120. 
RILEY JAMES T., (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer leases 260 of Enoch Smith. 



Rooney Michael, (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer 19. 

Rooney Patrick, (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer 65. 

Severy Wm., (Clarendon Springs,) r 20, laborer. 

Seamans Josiah E., (Clarendon Springs,) cheese maker. 

Shangraw Jeremiah, (Clarendon Springs,) r 42, blacksmith. 

Sherman Charles M., (W. Clarendon,) r 7, horse dealer and breeder farmer 

Sherman Morris H., (Clarendon,) r 19, farmer 40. 

Shippy Mehsa Mrs., (N. Clarendon,) r 18, widow Coswell, house and i acre. 
Smith Alzina Mrs., (Clarendon,) widow Nathan J., 200 acres mountain land 
SMITH ARIMA D., (Clarendon,) r 29, (E. & A. D. Smith,) dairy 20 

cows, farmer 225. 
Smith Charles P., (E. Clarendon,) r ;^;^. farmer 175. 
Smith E. & A. D., (Clarendon,) r 29, (Enoch and Arima D.,) own farms in 

other towns, 600. 
Smith Elliott W., (E. Clarendon,) r 16, farmer 160. 
Smith Enoch, (Clarendon,) r 29, (E. & A. D. Smith.) 
SMITH ORSON, (Clarendon Springs,) r 4, farmer 150. 
Smith Sardius, (Clarendon Springs,) r 20, farmer 250, and owns cider mill. 
SMITH SENECA E., (Clarendon,) r 36, stock grower, farmer 250, and 175 

mountain in Wallingford. 
Spafford Charles A. (N. Clarendon,) r 13, teacher and farmer. 
Spafford Hiram B., (N Clarendon,) r 13, owns turning mill, insurance agent 

and farmer 100. 
SPENCER ALBERT H., (E. Clarendon,) (Spencer & Steward,) with J. C. 

Spencer John C, (E. Clarendon,) dry goods, groceries, boots, shoes &c., 

postmaster, station agent C. V. R. R., express agent U. S. & C, and 

farmer 85. 
SPENCER & STEWARD, (E. Clarendon,) (Albert H. Spencer and Wallace 

Steward,) fish culturists. 
Squier Lauraman C, (N. Clarendon,) r 16, dairy 16 cows, and farmer 200. 
Stafford Chas. E., (Clarendon Springs,) r 24, farmer. 
Stafford John E., (Clarendon Springs,) r 24, farmer. 
STANDISH DAVID B., (N. Clarendon,) cor. r 10 and 11, cheese maker and 

house painter. 
Starks John J., (N. Clarendon,) r 13, farmer i. 
STEWARD JOHN A., (E. Clarendon,) r 39, (L. & J. A. Steward.) 
STEWARD LEONARD, (E. Clarendon,) r 39, (L. & J. A. Steward.) 
STEWARD L. & J. A., (E. Clarendon,) r 39, (Leonard and John A.,) rnanuf. 

and dealers in sap evaporators, buckets, tin and sheet ironware, apiarians 

and farmers 250. 
Steward Thomas, (E. Clarendon,) r 39, farmer 156. 
STEWARD WALLACE, (E. Clarendon.) (Spencer & Steward,) physician 

and surgeon. 
Stewart Albert H., (Clarendon,) r 36, (Stewart & Pratt.) 
STEWART FRED B., (Clarendon,) r 36, farmer. 
Stewart John Q., (E. Clarendon,) r 38, farmer 200. 
Stewart & Pratt, (Clarendon,) r 36, (Albert H. S. and James D. P.,) farmers, 

lease 155 of Est. E. H. Stewart. 
Taylor Lewis J., (Clarendon Springs,) r 42, carpenter and joiner. 
Taylor Varnum, (Clarendon Springs,) r 42, prop, grist, saw and cider mills, 

and millwright. 


'€iiena€ii^i^ ^'(u-m/Ae^ 



M7 DES 3EL "StS. S. 

Board, . - . $8.00, $10.00 and $12.00 per week. 

Children, ... ^.00 '• 6.00 " 

Servants, - - - - - 5.00 " 

Board, - - - - 2.00 per day. 


^I^N CONNECTION with the House is a Farm of 170 Acres ,from which Vegetables and Milk are procured 
^^ daily, and set upon the table fresh. 


accommodating ico guests, and three (3) Cottages, accommodating 100 guests — all within speaking dis- 
(ji tance of each other. Families and single persons who desire the quietness of a private house, can be 
accommodated with rooms in one of the Cottages. In front of the Hotel and Cottages is a fine Park filled 
' shade trees — the growth of forty years ; in the centre, a beautiful pond and fountain throwing a shaft of water 
thirty feet. 

BUSINESS MEN. — As a place for the business man to recruit, and for families to spend the Summer 
months, no place equals it in the State : nothing here unpleasant — pure air, beautiful scenery, pleasant drives 
and walks, and, above all, a Spring of Water which has no superior. 

THE CHILDREN. — There is not a liner place in the United States for children; there is not a place 
here where a child can get injured — no railroads, factories or shops of any kind — a perfect play ground. 
AMUSEMENTS.— Billiards, Bowling Alley, Croquet Grounds, cS;c. 
TELEGRAPH. — An office of the Western Union Telegraph Company in the house. 

LIVERY. — A good Livery connected with the Hotel ; also accommodations for private carriages. Fam- 
ilies or parties will be taken to drive, or on excursions, at 50 to 75 cents each person ; children half fare. At 
this low charge, an opportunity is given guests to visit all places of iuterest, and enjoy a healthful recreation at 
the same time. 

ANALYSIS OF THE WATER— By Prof. A. A. Hayes, State Assayek of Massachusetts.— 
One gallon, or 231 inches of water contains — 

Carbonic Acid Gas, - 46.16 cubic inches. I Muriate of Lime, 

;nesia, ) 

Nitrogen Gas, - - - g.63 " " Sulphate of Soda, ^ - - - 2.74 

Caronate of Lime, - 3.02 grains. | Sulphate of Magnesia, 

100 cubic inches of the gas which was evolved from the water consists of — 
Carbonic Acid Gas, . - . . - 0.05 cubic inches. 

Oxygen Gas, - - - - - 1.50 " " 

Nitrogen Gas, ----- 98.45 " 

Dr. Hayes says : — " It is a remarkable water, containing nitrogen dissolved. 

CUTANEOUS DISEASES.— For all Cutaneous Diseases, Impurities of the Blood, Liver Complaint, 
Dyspepsia, Urinary Difficulties, the Restoration of a Deticient Appetite, and for General Debility, these waters 
are unequaled. As a choice Table Water, helping digestion,and sharpening the appetite, these waters will be 
found invaluable. 

WARM AND COLD BATHS.— The water is brought through pipes to the house for bathing purposes. 
The water is put up in barrels, also in smaller quantities, if desired. It will keep for any length of time, retain- 
ing all its virtues ; it has no sediment, is delicious to drink, health giving, and is a fine water for bathing. 

SCENERY. — The scenery about the Springs is of peculiar beauty, even for Vermont, while the splendid 
roads afford excellent opportunity for drives and views of this delightful region. 

VISITORS. — p'rom fifteen to twenty-five hundred persons annually visit them in quest of health or pleas- 
ure, and while the invalid is restored to health, through the agency of the medicinal properties contained in the 
water, and the business man's mind rendered elastic by bavins removed from it an undue weight of care and 
anxiety the pleasure seeker can find a full share of enjoyment in the beautiful scenery, the pleasant drives, the 
numerous brooks for trout fishing, the interesting surroundings and excellent Hotels afforded at Clarendon Springs. 

CORRESPONDENCE. — Persons desiring to apply for rooms by letter or telegraph, will please address 
the proprietors, 

B. MlCrRR; & SOHS3 


References, if desired, in all principal cities, 


Thompson Fayette H., (N. Clarendon,) r 7, farmer. 

Tiernan Lawrence, (Wallingford,) r 39, farmer 150. 

TIERNAN MIC HAEL J., (Wallingford,) r 39, farmer. 

Tiernan Richard, (WaUingford,) r 39, farmer. 

Tower Runa H., (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, farmer. 

Trumbull Adolphus, (Clarendon Springs,) laborer. 

Tubbs Daniel, (Clarendon Springs,) r 41, farmer, ex'r estate of Emily H. 

Tubbs 387. 
Tubbs Henry G., (Clarendon Springs,) r 41, farmer 280, and works 387 of 

the estate of Emily H. Tubbs. 
WALKER LEWIS M., (Clarendon Springs,) r 27, farmer 295. 
Walker Noah S., (Clarendon Springs,) r 27, prop, cheese factory and farmer 475. 
Walker William W,, (Clarendon Springs,) r 27, ist selectman, farmer 375 in 

Tinmouth, Ira and Clarendon. 
Wardwell Joseph L., (N. Clarendon,) r 10, chair maker and wood turner. 
WEBB HENRY, (N. Clarendon,) r 18, strawberry garden, nurseryman 

and farmer 100. 
Weeks Harlan, (Clarendon,) r 37, with John, farmer 75. 
Weeks John, (Clarendon,) r 37, cooper, and with Harlan, farmer 75. 
WEEKS WILLIAM S., (E. Clarendon,) r 32, justice of the peace, pension 

agent, notary public and farmer. 
Weeks WilUam, (E. Clarendon,) .r 39, farmer 100. 
Wescott Amos, (Clarendon Springs,) r 21, farmer 250. 
Wescott Arunah G., (Clarendon Springs,) r 21, farmer 140. 
Westcott George W., (Clarendon Springs,) r 20, farmer 325. 
WETHERBY' OMAR, (Clarendon,) r 35, cheese maker. 
Wheadon George T., (Clarendon Springs,) r 44, (Adams & Wheadon.) 
WHITE HENRY K., (N. Clarendon,) r 14, 2d selectman, dairyman 30 

cows, farmer 300. "^ 

WILMARTH JOHN, (N. Clarendon,) r ii, supt. of poor, mason and 

farmer 107. 
WYLIE WILLIAM L., (WaUingford,) r 36, farmer 170. 


(Far Abbi'eviations, <&e., See Page 257.) 

ADAMS ALBERTUS S., (Danby,) (A. S. A. & Co.) 

ADAMS O. A., (Danby,) (A. S. A. & Co.) 

ADAMS A. S. & CO., (Danby,) (Albertus S. and O. A, Adams,) dealers 

in dry goods, groceries, boots and shoes, ready-made clothing, hats, 

caps, &c. 
Archer Lucian J., (Pawlet,) r 4, farmer. 

Archer Lucius, (Pawlet,) r 18, farmer, works 70 of E. Willard. 
Atwater Lyman, (Danby Four Corners,) r — , leases of Edwin Staples, dairy 

32 cows and farm 600. 
Baker Alfred N., (South Wallingford,) dairy 20 cows, farmer 160. 
Baker Austin S., (Danby,) r 28, pettifogger, dairy 12 cows, farmer 115. 


Baker Benjamin, (Pawlet,) r i8, farmer 30. 

Baker Charles H., (South Wallingford,) laborer. 

Baker John, (S. Wallingford,) r 8, carpenter and farmer 21. 

Baker Jonathan, (Danby,) r 29, farmer 17. 

Baker Nathan L., (Danby,) r 42, farmer 60. 

Baker Oliver G., (Danby,) r 29, dairy 25 cows, farmer, works 275 of Willard 

Baker, Rutland, and owns 65 in Rutland. 
Baker Oren, (S. Wallingford,) r 8, farm with Elizabeth, 175. 
Baker Stephen, (Danby,) r 42, resident. 
Batease Ira, (Danby Four Corners,) r 18, farmer. 
BAXTER GEORGE T., (S. Wallingford,) r 9, stone cutter and marble 

Baxter Nathan P., (S. Wallingford,) r 9, farmer 200. 
Bennett Erank, (Danby,) teamster. 
Berry Peter, (Danby,) r 42, boot and shoe maker. 
BOND WILLIAM H., (Danby,) proprietor Danby Hotel and livery, manuf. 

of tin and sheet iron ware, dealer in stoves, hardware, agricultural imple- 
ments and house furnishing goods, fish culturist. 
Bourne Electa, (Danby,) widow of Edmund, resident. 
Bromley Amos H., (Danby,) r 42, leases grist mill of Henry Jenkins. 
Bromley Charles, (Danby Four Corners,) r 34, farmer, works 160 acres of 

Julia Bromley. 
Bromley Frank, (Danby,) r 28, dairy 34 cows, farmer 350. 
Bromley Hilan F., (Danby Four Corners,) r 14, horse farrier and farmer. 
Bromley Hiram, (Danby P'our Corners,) r 14, farmer 60. 
BROMLEY MARTIN J., (Danby,) r 46, dairy 28 cows, farmer 300. 
Broughton Pharcellus, (Danby Four Corners,) r 39. 

Brown Alric, (Danby Four Corners,) r 11, farmer, works 98 of Fayette Brown. 
Brown Amos, (Pawlet,) r 2, dairy 20 cows, farmer 200. 
Brown Benoni C, (Pawlet,) r 3, farmer 40. 
BROWN CHARLES H., (Pawlet,) r 22, breeder of Ayrshire cattle, dairy 18 

cows, farmer 200. 
Brown Fayette, (Danby Four Corners,) r 11, farmer 98. 
Brown George, Jr., (Danby Four Corners,) r 19, farmer. 
Brown Isaac, (Pawlet,) r 19, farmer 150. 
Brown John, (Pawlet,) r i, dairy 18 cows, farmer 150. 
Brown Julius N., (S. Wallingford,) r 9, farmer. 
Brown Laura, Mrs. (Pawlet,) r 19, farmer 60. 
Bucklin Charles K., (Danby Four Corners,) r — , dairy 12 cows, farmer 30, 

and works 100 of Sally F. Bucldin. 
Bull WiUiam, (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, farmer 12. 
Buxton Benj. O., (Danby Four Corners,) r 25. 
Buxton Chester, (Danby Four Corners,) laborer. 
CAMPBELL LEVI, (Danby,) r 44, dairy 12 cows, farmer 139. 
Carley Michael, (Danby,) r 45, farmer 65. 
Carroll Anthony, (Danby,) r 47, farmer 34. 
Carroll John, (Danby,) r 47, farmer 35. 
Casavant FeUx, (Danby,) laborer. 
Caswell Josiah, (S. WalUngford,) r 8, retired. 
CASWELL RYLAND E., (S. V/allingford, ) r 8, (Caswell & Cook,) farmer 

CASWELL & COOK, (S. Wallingford,) r 8, (R. E. Caswell & L. H. Cook,) 

dealers in all kinds of granite and marble nionuments, &c. 


Clark Charles M.. (Pawlet,) r iq, son of M. C. 

Clark Marges C, (Pawlet,) r 19, dairy 18 cows, farmer 250. 

Colvin Albert T., (Danby,) r 13, dairy 22 cows, farmer 170. 

Colvin Charles H., (Danby,) r 13, dairy 35 cows, farmer 182. 

Colvin Frank, (Danby Four Corners,) blacksmith with E. C. Woods. 

COLVIN ISAAC B., (Danby Four Corners,) r 24, cheese maker. 

Colvin Job H., (S. WaUingford,) r 8, laborer. 

Colvin Luther, (Danby Four Corners,) r 36, farmer rents of the estate of 
Mrs. Calista Houghton 14. 

Colvin Nelson, (Danby,) r 11, dairy 20 cows, farmer 170. 

Congdon Bradford S., (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, farmer 70, and leases dairy 
25 cows, and farm 250 of Wm. Vail. 

Congdon Charles H., Jr.,, (Danby,) r 14, farmer and harness maker. 

Conners James, (Danby,) r 40, farmer 50. 

Cook LiUion H., (S. Wallingtbrd,) r 8, (Caswell & Cook.) 

COOK JARED L., (Pawlet,) r 4, town auditor, dairy 55 cows, farmer 800. 

COREY EDGAR, (Pawlet,) r 20, farm laborer. 

Corey Harvey H., (Pawlet,) r 19, farmer 40. 

Croff Daniel B., (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, carpenter and wheelwright, 3I- 

CROFF Wn.LIAM H., (Danby Four Corners,) carpenter, and house and 
carriage painter, h and lot. 

Cunningham Michael, (Danby,) r 41, dairy 10, farmer 158. 

Decker Barney, (Danby,) carpenter and joiner. 

Delaurent John P., (Danby,) manuf. and dealer in harness, boots and shoes, 
carriage trimming and upholstering. 

Edgerton Albert R., (Danby,) r loi farmer with Robert. 

EDGERTON GEORGE E., (Danby,) r 3°, farmer, leases 150 of H. Dil- 
lingham, of Pawlet. 

Edgerton Henry, (Danby,) r 40, farmer. 

Edgerton Hiram B., (Danby,) r io|, farmer. 

Edgarton Hiram R., (Danby,) r 30, farmer. 

EDGERTON OSCAR A., (Danby,) r 10, runs threshmg and wood sawmg 
machines, farmer 15. 

EDGERTON ROBERT, (Danby,) r io|^, dairy 27 cows, farmer, leases of Ste- 
phen Kelley. 

Edmonds Lewis H., (S. WaUingford,) r 11, farmer, works 150 of Leonard 
Palmer's estate. 

Ellis Llewellyn, (S. WaUingford,) r 9, dairy 13 cows, farmer, works 200 of 
N. P. Baxter. 

Emerson Gary H. (Danby,) carpenter and builder. 

FISK BEN J. A., (Danby,) r 39, mechanic and farmer, works 165 of 
Olive Fisk. 

Fisk George, (Danby,) r 11, farmer leases 160 of Phillips Brothers. 

Fisk Hiram J., (Danby Four Corners,) r 30, farmer 12. 

Fisk Joseph, (Danby Four Corners,) r 33, farmer with Lyman R. & Ly- 
man R. Jr., leases 350 of John HilHard. 

Fisk Lyman R. (Danby Four Corners,) r 33, farmer with Lyman R. Jr., 
and Joseph, leases 350 of John HiUiard. 

Fisk Lyman R. Jr., (Danby Four Corners,) r 33, farmer with Lyman R. 
and Joseph, leases 350 of John HiUiard. 

^"aSiBiS,, ge, Thayer & Co.'s unXld Shirts. 


Fletcher Hannah, (Danby Four Corners,) r ^^, farmer 50. 

Oarrett Joseph, (Danby,) laborer. 

Gilford Noah E., (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, stone and plaster mason, 

farmer 10. 
Gleason James, (Danby Four Corners,) r 37, laborer. 
Grady Jeremiah, (Danby,) r 45. farmer 203. 
Grady John, (Danby,) r 45, farmer 20. 
Grady Michael, (Danby Four Corners,) r 39, farmer, leases 160 of Wm. B. 

Southwick, and 50 of Hannah Fletcher. 
Graves Fayette, (Danby,) r 40, teaming. 
Green Edward T., (Paulet,) r 2, dairy 30 cows, farmer 170. 
Green Fremont, (Paulet,) r 2, farmer with Myron 230. 

Greene Job, (Danby,) r 27, farmer, works 175 of the estate of H. P. Tabor. 
Green Myron (Pawlet,) r 2, farmer with Fremont, 230. 
Griffith Charles H., (Danby,) (C. H. & W. B.) farmer 230. 
Griffith C. H. & W. B., (Danby,) (Charles H. & Wm. B.) general merchants. 
Griffith Hiram P., (Danby,) r 44, farmer 18, and 76 mountain. 
Griffith John B., (Danby,) r 44, lumberman and farmer 600, and with Peleg, 

Griffith Julius C, (Danby,) postmaster. 

GRIFFITH PELEG T., (Danby,) apiarian 125 swarms, and lumberman. 
Griffith Silas L., (Danby,) (G. & Mclntyre,) See Mount Tabor list. 
Griffith Wm. B., (Danby,) (C. H; & W. B.) 
Guindon John J., (Danby,) blacksmith for Geo. Minett. 
Hadwin George A., (S. Wallingford,) r 9, farmer 197. 
HADWIN OBADIAH B., (Danby,) prop, of grist mill, onion culturist, and 

farmer 50. 
Haley Anthony, (Danby Four Corners,) r 24, farmer 300. 
Harrington Andrew, (Paulet,) r 18, farmer 40. 
Harrington Andrew S., (Paulet,) r 3, farmer 40. 
Harrington Daniel, (Pawlet,) r 18, dairy 10 cows, farmer 220. 
Harrington Daniel, (Pawlet,) r 4, dairy 20 cows, farmer 200. 
Harrington Daniel B., (S. Wallingford,) r 8, dairy 22 cows, farmer 160 and 

leases 175 of Oren Baker. 
Harrington Edwin M., (Danby Four Corners,) r 18, farmer 60. 
Harrington Gary, (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, farmer 3. 
Harrington Harvey, (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, with .Lemuel, dealer in 

young stock, wool grower and farmer 200. 
Harrington Lemuel, (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, with Harvey, dealer in 

young stock, wool grower and farmer 200. 
Harrington Mahnda Mrs., (Danby Four Corners,) r 22, farmer 15. 
HARRINGTON SIMON E., (S. Wallingford,) r 8, farmer 230. 
Harrington Stephen, (Pawlet,) r 4, dairy 20 cows, farmer 200. 
Harrington Sylvester, (Pawlet,) r 4, son of Daniel. 
Hawley Fletcher R., (Danby,) r 12, dairy 25 cows, farmer 200. 
Hebert Charles, (Danby,) laborer. 

Herrick Alexander B., (Danby Four Corners,) r 32, dairy 18 cows, farmer 131. 
Herrick Cantlin G., (Danby Four Corners,) r 14, poormaster, dairy 29 cows, 

farmer 268. 
Herrick Henry S., (Danby Four Corners,) r 14, dairy 14 cows, farmer 130. 
Herrick Henry S., (Danby,) r 28, farmer. 

Herrick Nancy A., (Danby.) r 28, widow of Harris O., farmer 3 10, 
Hickey Martin, (Danby,) r 44, laborer. 



HILLIARD JOHN H., (DanbyFour Corners,) r 35, stock dealer, dairy 60 

cows, farmer 400, and 600 in Dorset. 
Hilliard Wiman, (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, farmer 250. 
Hosmer Reuben, (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, farmer 20. 
Hulett Galon J., (Pawlet,) r 18, prop, saw-mill, cider mill, farmer 10. 
Hulett Sarah Mrs., (Pawlet,) r 19, farm 65. 
Hulett Silas, (Pawlet,) r 20, dairy 25 cows, farmer 200. 
JENKINS HENRY B., (Danby,) r 42, prop, grist mill and farmer 20. 
Jenks William, (Danby Four Corners,) r ;^8, laborer. 

Johnson Perry W., (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, dairy 12 cows, farmer 175. 
Johnson William P., (Danby Four Corners,) r 24, dairy 10 cows, farmer 17. 
KANE MAURICE, (Danby,) resident, i acre. 
Kane Patrick, (Danby,) barber and hair dresser. 
Kelley Daniel H., (Danby,) r 42, retired blacksmith. 
Kelley David A., (Danby,) blacksmith and farmer 20. 
KELLEY ERASTUS, (Danby,) r 40, proprietor saw-mill, lumber dealer 

and farmer 75. 
Kelley Harry L., (Danby,) r 42, farmer 8. 
Kelley Hatsell, (S. WaUingford,) r 8, farmer. 

Kelley Henry B., (Danby P'our Corners,) r 38, dairy 13 cows, farmer 185. 
Kelley Laura, (Danby,) r 10, wife of Stephen, farm 130. 
Kelley Stephen, (Danby,) r 10, farmer 571, and works 130 of Laura 

Lake Heman J., (Danby Four Corners,) r 31, shoemaker and farmer. 
Little Erwin E., (Pawlet.) r i, dairy 20 cows, farmer 300. 
Little Henry A., (Pawlet,) r i, farmer, with Erwin E. 
Livingston Seneca M., (Danby,) r 42, wagon maker and dealer in picture 

Locke Rebecca G. and Sophia O., (Danby Four Corners,) 131, farm 57. 
Lockyer James, (Danby Four Corners,) r 14, farmer, works town farm. 
Loomis Edmund B., (Pawlet,) r i, farmer 200. 
Lyon Titus, (Danby,) retired blacksmith. 
Lyon Wilham H., (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, farmer, leases of R. G. and 

S. O. Lyon 57. 
Mangen Thomas, (Danby,) r 44, laborer. 

Maranville Dighton, (Danby Four Corners,) r 5, carpenter and joiner. 
Maranville Edward, (Danby,) r 28, farmer. 
Maranville Josiah P., (Danby Four Corners,) r 5, farmer 14. 
Marsh George, (Danby,) r 42, farmer 2 and 150 in Dorset. 
Marshall D. W., (Danby Four Corners,) r 7, leases dairy 27 cows, and farm 

187 of Charles T. Read. 
Mathewson Albert, (Danby.) r 29. See Charles. 
Mathewson Charles and Albert, (Danby,) r 29, dairy 20 cows, farmer, and 

works 170 of the estate of A. A. Mathewson. 
Mathewson Chas. H., (Danby Four Corners,) r 34, laborer. 
Mathewson Daniel, (Danby Four Corners,) r 34, laborer. 
Mathewson Harriet Mrs., (Danby,) r 41, farmer 170. 
Maxon Milton, (Danby,) teamster. 

McCormick Mathew, (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, with Patrick 150. 
McCormick Patrick, (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, farmer with Mathew, 150. 
MEARS LUCIAN C. Rev., (Danby,) pastor Congregational church. 

Physicians' Prescriptions carefully compounded at F. H. 
CHAPMAN & CO.'S, RUTLAND, VT., opposite Depot. 



l=S=e A^V'THi 







m^" ^^^"^ ^^^^" ^'s'^ ^'^^^ 




No, 3 Merchmirs Mow, - MUTLANB, FT. 


lanufacturing |ompany, 







Rutland Foundry and Machine Shop Company, 




J8®" Car Wheels, Castings, and all Descriptions of Machine Work. 


MILLARD DANIEL S., (Danby,) r 44, lumberman and farmer 7^, and 

with M. F. Millard, 500 mountain. 
Millard Erastus, (Pawlet,) r 18, wool grower 40 sheep, farmer 70. 
MINETT EXES, (Danby,) wagons, cheese boxes, shingles, custom sawing, 

repairing and planing. 
MINETTE GEORGE, (Danby,) horse shoeing and general blacksmithing. 
MOORE NELSON H., (Danby,) r3o, dairy 40 cows, farmer, leases 320 of 

Howell Dillingham, of Pawlet. 
Mylott James, (Danby,) clerk for A. S. Adams & Co. 
Navin Patrick, (Danby,) r 45, farmer 13. 
Navin Thomas, (Danby,) r 45, farmer 30. 
Nelson Charles W., (Danby,) r 28, farmer leases of C. Bull, of WalHngford, 

Nelson James, (Danby,) r 28, farmer. 

Nichols Anthony S., (Danby,) r 10, summer boarding house. 
Nichols Charles, (S. Wallingford,) r 9, farmer 12. 
Nichols Isaac J., (Danby,) r lo, dairy 20 cows, farmer 200. 
Nichols James E., (Danby,) r 13, dairy 30 cows, farmer 333. 
Nichols Thomas, (S. Wallingford,) r 9, marble cutter and farmer 150. 
O'Heron John, (Danby,) r 43, farmer in. 
Ohve Fisk, (Danby,) r 39, widow of Hiram, farm 165. 
Otis Harris F., (Danby Four Corners,) r 25, farmer with Wm. Otis. 
OTIS WM., (Danby Four Corners,) r 17, retired farmer. 
OTIS WILLIAM, (Danby Four Corners,) r 25, dairy 60 cows, farmer 500, 

dealer in young stock, and mfr. maple sugar, 3,000 trees. 
Otis Wm. F., (Danby Four Corners,) postmaster, and general merchant. 
Palmer Wm. B., (Danby,) farmer 80. 
Parris Caleb, (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, farmer, works 400 of J. S. 

Parris Elkanah, (Danby Four Corners,) r 18, cheese maker. 
Parris John, (Danby Four Corners,) r 18, photographer. 
Parris John S., (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, dairy 32 cows, farmer 400. 
Parris Leonard G., (Danby Four Corners,) r 18, dairy 30 cows, farmer 300 

and prop, cheese factory. 
Parris Leonard J., (Danby Four Corners,) r 23, farmer. 
Parris Walter M., (Danby Four Corners,) r 37, carpenter and pension agt. 
Parris William R., (Danby Four Corners,) r 35, farmer, leases 300 of John 

J. Parrish. 
Parris Valley Cheese Factory, r 18, L. G. Parris, prop., 140 cows. 
PERRY JOSP^PH S., (Danby,) manuf. of harness and dealer in whips, 

blankets, and keeps livery. 
PHILLIPS FERNANDO G., (Danby Four Corners,) r 17, farmer. 
Phillips George W., (Danby,) r 10, (Wm. L. & Bros.) 
PhiUips George W., (Danby Four Corners,) r 17, (Wm. L. & Bros.,) dairy 

35 cows, farmer 400. 
Philhps Joseph N., (Danby Four Corners,) r 25, justice of the peace, dairy 45 

cows, farmer 450 and 50. 
PhiUips Josiah, (Danby Four Corners,) r 5, farmer. 
PhiUips Stephen W., (Danby,) r 10, (WiUiam L. & Bros.) 
PhUUps Wm. L. & Brothers, (Danby,) r 10, (