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GIFT 
HORACE W. C 


OF 

:ARFENTIER 




GAZETTEER OF INDIA, 



GAZETTEER 



TERRITORIES UNDER THE GOYEENMENT 



VICEEOT OF IJSTDIA. 



EDWARD THORNTON, 



REVISED AND EDITED 

BY 

SIE EOPEE LETHBKIDGE, C.LE,, 

FORMERLY PRESS COMMISSIONER IN INDIA, ETC., ETC., 
AND 

AETHTJK N. WOLL ASTON, C.I.B., 

H.M. INDIAN (HOME) SERVICE, 

TRANSLATOR OF THE ANVAR-I-SUHAILI, ETC., ETC. 



LONDON : 

W. H. ALLE^" & CO., 13, WATERLOO PLACE, S.W., 
PUBLISHERS TO THE INDIA OFFICE. 

1886. 



HERTFORD : 

PRINTED BY STEPHEN AUSTIN AND SONS. 








PREFACE. 



WHEN Thornton's Gazetteer of India was originally presented 
to the public, it was the only compilation of its kind; and it 
was obviously desirable that, within reasonable limits, the work 
should afford information, not only on those subjects which 
ordinarily come within the range of a Gazetteer, but also on 
the history, antiquities, etc., of the various localities described. 
Since that time, however, Mr. Hunter's gigantic work, The 
Imperial Gazetteer of India, has been prepared under the 
auspices and at the cost of the Government of India, cover- 
ing ground far more extensive than that of Thornton's 
Gazetteer-, and it is understood that this vast official work will 
be still further enlarged in the New Edition now in course of 
production. In these circumstances it has been thought ad- 
visable, when issuing a New Edition of Thornton's Gazetteer 
corrected up to date, to modify in some measure the plan of 
the work, by omitting much of the detail, and giving only 
such leading facts and figures as will suffice for ordinary pur- 
poses of reference a plan which has the further advantage of 
reducing the work to one moderate- sized volume, notwithstand- 
ing the addition of many hundreds of articles on places not 

446959 



VI 11 PREFACE. 

included in any former edition. The figures of area and popu- 
lation have been corrected by the Census Report of 1881 ; and 
care has been taken to render the work as far as possible 
accurate and trustworthy. As regards the numerous altera- 
tions and additions that have been made, the Imperial Gazetteer 
has of course been the main source of information, and has 
been freely used ; the Editors desire to acknowledge the great 
advantage which they, in common with all that section of 
the public that is interested in India, have derived from the 
completion of this great national undertaking. The spelling 
is that adopted by the Government of India in Hunter's 
Gazetteer; the Editors must not therefore be held responsible 
for peculiarities which it was not within the scope of their 
labours to correct. 

ROPER LETHBRIDGE. 
A. N. WOLLASTON. 



GAZETTEER OF INDIA, 



ABAR. See ABOR. 

ABBIMATHA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 278. 

ABOTTABAD. A taMl of Hazara district, Punjab. Lat. 34 9', 
long. 73 16'. Area, 714 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 135,486. Also a 
municipal town of that tahsil, the headquarters of the Hazara district ; 
with a cantonments, the headquarter of the Frontier Force. Population 
of civil station and cantonment (1881), 4189. Lat. 34 9' 15", long. 73 
15' 30". 

ABDTT. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. 1201. Lat. 
27 50' 30", long. 68 50' 30". 

ABHIRAMAN. Town in Ramnad, Madura district, Madras. Pop. 
6313. Lat. 9 26' 30", long. 78 28' 45". Adjacent is a lake of the same 
name. 

ABJL Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. 1147. 
Lat. 26 52' 30", long. 68 V 15". 

ABLAGTJNDL Pass in Sandur State, Madras. 

ABOO. See ABU. 

ABOOPOOR. See ABTJPTJR. 

ABOR. A tribe, inhabiting mountains called the Abor Hills, on the 
frontier of Assam ; extending northward from the Lakhimpur district 
towards Thibet, and intersected by the Dibang river. See Dal ton's 
Ethnology of Bengal. These people, consequent on the chastisement they 
more than once received at the hands of a British Expedition, have 
agreed to keep the peace along their border, a service in return for which 
they receive an annual present of some insignificant domestic and agri- 
cultural articles. 

ABOUNUGUR. See ABUKAGAR. 

ABRAKONUNE A town in Nepal, distant north-west from Khat- 
mandu 178 miles. Lat. 28 46', long. 82 4V. 

ABRANG. A town in Kashmir, Punjab, distant north from Simla 
180 miles. Lat. 33 40', long. 76 42'. 

ABU. A mountain in Sirohi, Rajputana, connected with the Aravalli 
range, but rising far above any other summit. The circuit of the base is 
estimated at from forty to fifty miles. The top of the mountain is ex- 
tremely irregular, terminating in numerous peaks. On the highest 
summit, called Gurusikar (elevation above the sea 5650 feet), there is 

1 



2 ABU ACH 

a small platform inclosed by a low rampart. Abu is a sanitarium 
for 'Europeans in the hot weather, when the Governor-General's Agent 
for Rdrjputarra lesides there ; the English station contains a church, 
barracks, and the Lawrence School. It is also a celebrated place of 
pilgrimage, especially for the Jains, who have a very magnificent place of 
worship at Dalwara, situate about the middle of the mountain, and five 
miles south-west of Gurusikar. The group consists of four temples, 
arranged in the form of a cross. Colonel Tod says, "Beyond controversy, 
this is the most superb of all the temples in India, and there is not an 
edifice besides the Taj Mahal that can approach it." See also Fergusson's 
History of Indian and Eastern Architecture. Near the group is a small 
but beautiful lake, called the Nakhi Talao. The summit of the mountain 
is situate forty miles north-east of the British cantonment of Deesa. Lat 
24 35' 47", long. 72 45' 16". 

ABUNAGAR. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 52 50', 
long. 80 52'. 

ABUPUR. Tillage in Meerut district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 48', long. 
77 35'. 

ABYARITIMANGALA. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 540. 

ACESINES RIVER. See CHENAB. 

ACHALA BASANTA. Peak in Cuttack district, Bengal. Lat. 
20 38', long. 86 16'. 

ACHALGANJ. Town in Unao district, Oudh ; four miles north-east 
of the left bank of the Ganges. Lat. 26 25', long. 80 35'. 

ACHALGANJ. Thana in TJnao district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 71,038. 

ACHANDEVILANTAN.- Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Pop. 
5265. Lat. 9 29', long. 77 42'. 

ACHANTA. Town in Godavari district, Madras. Pop. 5846. Lat. 
16 36', long. 81 50' 30". 

ACHEEN. A native state in the north-western part of the island of 
Sumatra. In 1819, a treaty was concluded between the E. I. Company 
and the sovereign of Acheen, on the occasion of the recovery by the 
latter of his throne after a temporary expulsion from it; but in 1824, all 
the British possessions on the island of Sumatra were surrendered to the 
king of the Netherlands, in consideration of certain cessions made on the 
part of that sovereign to the British. The chief town, Acheen, is situate 
on a river about a league from the sea. The port is but indifferent. 
The number of houses, which are of rude construction, is estimated at 
8000. Lat, 5 35', long. 95 45'. 

ACHENKOIL. Kiver in Travancore State, Madras Presidency, rises 
at the foot of the Achenkoil Pass, and falls into the Pambaiyar, after a 
north-westerly course of seventy miles. 

ACHENKOIL. Tillage, pass, and temple in Travancore. Lat. 9 
5' 45", long. 77 16'. Pass connects British district of Tinnevelli with 
Travancore. 

ACHERA or UCHRA, in the district of Farnikhabad, KW.P. Lat. 
27 26', long. 79 22'. 

ACHINTPURNI HILLS. See CniNTPURNl 

ACHIPUR or ATCHEEPORE. Tillage and telegraph station, in the 
district of the twenty-four Parganas, Lower Bengal. One of the points 
on the Huglf river below Calcutta, whence daily mnvfimpTits of ships up 



ACH ADE 3 

or down are telegraphed to Calcutta. Lat. 22 27' 5". long. 88 10' 16". 
Also Thana. Area, 53 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 62,536. 

ACHNIRA. Thana in Agra district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 27,280. 
ACHORA. A town in the State of Kashmir, Punjab; distant north 
from Srinagar thirty-eight miles. Lat. 34 36', long. 74 56'. 

ACHRE. Port in Ratnagiri district, Bombay. Lat. 16 13' 35", long. 
73 29' 50". 

ADALPTIR. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 
27 56', long. 69 21' 15". Pop. 1177. 

ADAM-JO-TANDO. Municipality in Haidarabad district, Sind, 
Bombay. Pop. 3457. Lat. 25 46', long. 68 41' 15". 

ADAMDIGHI. Thana in Bogra district, Bengal. Area, 191 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 94,534. 

ADAMPUR. Town in Jullundur district, Punjab. Pop., including 
village of Sagran (1881), 2338. Lat. 31 26', long. 75 45' 15". 

ADAMPUR (ADTJMPOOR). Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 26 10', long. 83 41'. 

AD AMPTIRA. Thana in Benares district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 2 1,1 90. 

ADAM'S BRIDGE. A narrow ridge of sand, nearly closing the Gulf 
of Manaar on the north and north-east. Its western extremity joins the 
eastern point of the island of Rameswaram, near the continent of India ; 
its eastern extremity joins the eastern point of the island of Manaar, 
lying near the coast of Ceylon ; and its length is about thirty miles, the 
direction being from south-east to north-west. It is partly above and 
partly below water; but when covered, has nowhere, it is said, above 
three or four feet of water, even at high tides. It is by the Hindus 
called the Bridge of Rama. Lat. 9 5', long. 79 30'. 

ADAM'S ISLAND, off the coast of Arakan, British Burma, situate 
between the islands of Amherst and Paget, and ten miles from the 
mainland. Lat. 18 45', long. 94 4'. 

ADANADA, in the Malabar district, Madras, the residence of the 
Alvangheri Tamburacul, or chief of the Narnburis. Lat. 10 54', long. 
76 5'. 

ADAPIIR. Thana in Champaran district, Bengal. Area, 224 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 138,986. 

ADCOLNA. Tillage in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 317. 

ADDALTIR, in the Coimbatore district, Madras. Lat. 11 25', long. 
77 34'. 

ADDANKL Town in the tfellore district, Madras. Lat. 15 52', 
long. 80. Pop. (1881), 6481. 

ADD AR. Town in Chutia Nagpur district, Bengal. Lat. 23 20', 
long. 84 30'. 

ADDTJMDIDGL Tillage in Bogra district, Bengal. 

ADEGAON. Estate in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
22 37', long. 79 16'. 

ADEN. A British town and seaport of Arabia Felix, in the province 
of Yemen, obtained by capture from the Arabs on 17th Jan. 1839. The 
territory of Aden, which is under the Government of Bombay, consists of a 
mountainous peninsula, connected with the mainland by a narrow isthmus 
of sand, which is nearly covered at high water, spring tides. Aden is a 



4 ABE AFZ 

military post of great strength (garrison over 3000 troops), an admirable 
harbour for steamers, a depot for coals, and the entrepot for an extensive 
commerce. It is strongly fortified ; and its aqueduct and tanks or 
reservoirs are famous. Distilled water is also obtained here in very large 
quantities by means of condensers. For legal purposes Aden is held to 
be a part of India ; the administration being in the hands of a Political 
Resident and two Political Assistants (usually Bombay officers), and a 
Cantonment Magistrate. The trade and the general importance of Aden 
has enormously increased since the opening of the Suez Canal. Lat. 
12 45', long. 45 4', Area, 11-6 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 34,860. 

ADEVI AVULAPALLL Mountain in Cuddapah district, Madras. 
Lat. 13 28' 27", long. 78 26' 35". 

ABIGALALE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 41. 

ABINABUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. 

ABINA MAS JID. Famous ruined Pathan mosque in Panduah, 
Maldah district, Bengal. 

ADJAI. River of Bengal, rising on the borders of the Hazaribagh and 
Santal Parganas districts, and falling into the Bhagirathi north of Katwa. 

ABJUMPUR.A town in Mysore. Lat. 13 46', long. 76 2'. 

ABJUNTA. See AJANTA. 

ABJYGURH See AJAIGARH. 

ABNEM. Village in Q,uepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 316. 

ABOUT, or ABWANNY. A taluk, and also a municipality therein, 
in Bellary district, Madras. Acloni was formerly a strong fortress. It is 
described by a Muhammadan historian as " situated on the summit of a 
high hill, and containing may ponds and fountains of clear and sweet 
water, with numerous princely structures." Lat. 15 37' 30", long. 77 
19' 10". Pop. of town (1881), 22,441. Area of taluk, 515,200 acres. 
Pop. 179,448. 

ABRAMPET (ABRAMPATAM). Port in Tan j ore district, Madras. 
Lat. 10 20' 10", long. 79 25' 40". Pop. 9000. 

ADTJI (ADDOOE). Town in Native State of Cutch, Bombay Presi- 
dency. Lat. 23 23', long. 70 29'. 

ABTJR. The estate of a clan in Nellore district, Madras. 

ADUSUMALLL Town in the Kistna district, Madras. Lat. 16 2', 
long. 80 21'. 

ABVOE. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 232. 

ADVOLPAL. Village in Bicholm district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 446. 

ABWANNY. See ADONI. 

AENG. See AN. 

AFGHANISTAN. The name given to the northern portion of the 
region lying between India and Persia. A full description will be given 
in a later portion of this work. 

AFZALGARH. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bijnaur district, 
y.W.P. Lat. 29 23' 51", long. 78 43' 3". Pop. (1881), 7797. Pop. 
of pargana (1881), 69,439. 

AFZALGARH. Thana in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
49,845. 



AFZ AGR 5 

AFZALPUR (AFZULPTTR). Town in the Haidarabad State. 
Lat. 17 11', long. 76 26'. 

AGAL Town in the Partabgarh district, Oudh. Lat. 26 20', long. 
81 57'. Pop. 4710. 

AGALL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 70. 

AGALPTJR. Chief ship in Chhatisgarh division, Central Provinces. 
Pop. (1881), 19,619. 

AGANTA. Pargana in Bulandshahr district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
60,981. 

AGAPUR (AGAPOOR). Village in the Rampur State, N.W.P. Lat. 
28 47', long. 79 3'. 

AGAR. State in Pcewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, 989 miles. 

AGAR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Lat. 
23 43' 30", long. 76 4' 45". Pop. (1881), 6193. 

AGARPARA. Municipality in the 24-Parganas district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 41', long. 88 24' 57". Pop. 26,801. 

AGARSUNDAR. Thana in Mymensingh district, Bengal. Area, 
173 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 122,459. 

AGARTALA. Capital of Hill Tipperah State, Bengal. Lat. 23 50' 
30", long. 91 23' 5". Pop. (1881), 42,273. 

AGARTALA (OLD). Village near the above, and formerly the capital. 

AGASHL Town in the Tanna district, Bombay. Lat. 19 27' 45", 
long. 72 49' 30". Pop. (1881), 6823. Formerly the centre of a con- 
siderable trade in ship-building. 

AG AST YA-MALAL Mountain in Travancore State, Madras, 6150 
feet high. Lat. 8 5' 30", long. 77 33' 50". 

AGAWADDO. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 456. 

AGAWALLL Town in Dewas State, Central India Agency. Lat. 
23 35', long. 75 36'. 

AGHAGANJ. Village in Sultanpur district, Oudh. Lat. 26 24', 
long. 82 50'. 

AGHWANPTJR-MUGHALPUR. Town inMoradabad district, N.W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 5277. 

AGLAR. A small river of Garhwal district, KW.P. 

AGNEAPULLL Town in the Haidarabad State. Lat. 18 5', long. 
80 46'. 

AGO AD A. A town in the Portuguese territory of Goa, at the entrance 
of the river leading to the town of that name. Lat. 15 30', long. 73 50'. 

AGORI. Town (in pargana of same name) in Mirzapur district, 
N.W.P. It contains some remarkable Hindu temples, fine views of which 
are given in DanielPs Oriental Scenery. Lat. 24 32', long. 83 1', 
Pop. of pargana (1881), 32,713. 

AGOUTUH. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 31', 
long. 77 57'. 

AGRA. A Division in the N.W.P., containing the six districts of 
Agra, Muttra, Farrukhabad, Etah, Etawah, and Mainpuri, q.v. Lat. 
26 21' 30" 28 1' 30", long. 77 19' 15" 80 3' 15". Area, 10,151 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 4,834,064. 

AGRA. District of the Agra Division of the N.W.P. Lat. 26 44' 
30" 27 24', long. 77 28' 78 53' 45". Area, 1850 sq. miles. Pop. 



6 AGE AGW 

(1881), 974,656. Bounded on the north by Muttra, on the west by 
Bhurtpur State, on the south by Dholpur and Gwalior States, on the 
east by Mainpuri and Etawah. It includes territory on both banks of 
the Jumna (Jamuna), which runs obliquely through its midst and divides 
it into two unequal portions. The northern and smaller section forms 
a part of the Doab, or great alluvial plain between the Ganges and the 
Jumna. 

AGRA. Tahsil of Agra district, N.W.P.. containing the great city of 
that name. Area, 186 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 266,765. 

AGRA. Capital city of Agra district, and formerly of the N.W.P. 
Situated on the right bank of the Jumna, about 300 miles above its 
confluence with the Ganges. Lat. 27 10' 6", long. 78 5' 4". Pop. (1881), 
160,203. Famous as having been at times the capital of the Mughal 
Empire ; and for its splendid architectural remains of that period, 
especially the Taj Mahal, see Fergusson's History of Indian Architecture. 
A short branch railway of thirteen miles links Agra with the East 
Indian Railway at Tundla; it is connected with Bhurtpore by the Rajpu- 
tana State Railway, and with Dholpur and Gwalior by the Sindia State 
Hail way. The administrative staff consists of a collector, two joint 
magistrates, an assistant, and two uncovenanted deputies. Agra is also 
the headquarters of a Civil and Sessions Judge, while there are three 
educational establishments, viz. the Government College, St. John's 
College, and Victoria College. 

AGRA. Village in the Jessor Sundarbans, Bengal, with some 
ruins. 

AGRA BARKHERA. State in the Bhopal Political Agency (Central 
India Agency). Lat. 23 57', long. 77 32'. Twelve villages, whose 
Chief pays rent to Sindia. Pop. 4219. 

AGRADWIP. Island in the Bhagirathi river, Nadiya district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 33' 45" 25 23' 37", long. 88 17' 15" 88 19' 15". 

AGRAHARA VEIL ALAR. Town in the Coirnbatore district, Madras. 
Lat. 10 58' 30", long. 77 3' 38". Pop. 6207. 

AGRAHAUT. Town in the Cuttack district, Bengal. Lat. 20 34', 
long. 85 59'. 

AGRAPARA (SOUTH BARAKPTJR). Town in 24 Parganas district, 
Bengal. Pop. (1881), 30,317. 

AGROHA. Town in the Hissar district, Punjab; formerly an im- 
portant place, the seat of the Agarwala Banias. Lat. 20 18', long. 
75 44'. Pop. 1090. 

AGRORE (UGHI). Frontier valley and Khanate in the Hazara 
district, Punjab, inhabited chiefly by Swatis and Gujars. Lat. 34 29' 
34 35' 15", long. 72 5873 9' 30". Pop. 8721. 

AGTJMBI. A pass in the South Kanara district, Madras, connecting 
Mysore with Mangalor. Lat. 13 29' 13 29' 30", long. 75 6' 20" 
75 8'. 

AGTJR. See AGAK. 

AGUSTISWAR. See AGASTTA-MALAT. 

AGUSTMUNDI. Village in the Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; with 
Hindu temple. Lat. 30 23', long. 79 5'. 

AGWON (NORTH and SOUTH). Two revenue circles in the Rangoon 
district, British Burma. Pop. 11,568. 



AHA ASM 7 

AHANKARIPTJR. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh. Lat. 26 47', 
long. 82 10'. Pop. (1869), 2966. 

AHAR. Town (in pargana of same name) in the Bulandshahr district, 
N.W.P. ; between Bulandshahr and Moradabad. Lat. 28 27', long. 
78 18'. Pop. (1872), 2414. Pop. of pargana (1881), 66,578. 

AHAR. Thana in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 24.532. 

AHARAN. Thana in Agra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 32,951. 

AHEERWAS. See AHIRWAS. 

AHEREE. See AHIBI. 

AHERWA. Tillage in the Cawnpore district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 23', 
long. 80 28'. 

AHIRI. Gond State in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
28 57' 30" 20 52' 30", long. 79 57' 81 1'. Area, 2672 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 25,896. 

AHIRI. Valuable teak forest in State of the same name ; parts reserved 
by Government. Lat. 19 18' 30" 19 27' 45", long. 80 7' 80 13' 15". 

AHIRO. See UHEOW. 

AHIRWARRI (AHEERWARREE). Town in Sholapur district, 
Bombay ; between Sholapur and Bijapur. Lat. 17 30', long. 76 1'. 

AHIRWAS. Euined fort (celebrated as the last refuge of the Pindari 
Chetu, who was killed by a tiger in the neighbouring jungle) in Indore 
State, Central India. Lat. 22 31', long. 76 31'. 

AHIYARL Village in Darbhangah district, Bengal. Lat. 26 18', 
long. 85 50' 45". Pop. (1872), 2106. 

AHLADGANJ. Town (and formerly a province) of Oudh. Lat. 25 
56', long. 81 38'. 

AHMADABAD. See AHMEDAB!D. 

AHMADGANJ. Village in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 47', 
long. 81 12'. 

AHMADGARH. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W^.P. Pop. 
(1872), 2621. 

AHMADNAGAR. District in the Deccan province of the Bombay 
Presidency. Situate between lat. 20 18 20', and long. 73 42' 40" 
75 45' 50"; with an area of 6666 sq. miles, and population (1881), 
751,228. The Sahyadri Hills form a portion of the western limits, while 
the Godavari river skirts the district for about forty miles on the north 
and north-east. The district is bounded by the Nasik district on the north- 
west and west, by the Haidarabad State and the Sholapur district on the 
east and south-east, by the Poona district on the south-west, and by the 
Tanna district on the west. Marhatta is the general language. The district 
is divided into twelve taluks in charge of a collector and four assistants. 

AHMADNAGAR. Subdivision in the district of same name, Bombay. 
Area, 619 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 108,950. 

AHMADNAGAR. City, and capital of the Ahmadnagar district, 
Bombay. It was founded by Ahmad Nizam Shah in 1494, on the site of 
a more ancient town called Bingar, on the left of the bank of the river 
Sina. It is reached from Bombay by the G.I.P. Kailway as far as the 
Dhond Station, whence to Ahmadnagar is forty-seven miles by road. Pop. 
(1881), 37,492. Lat. 19 5', long. 74 55'. 

AHMADNAGAR. Village in Kheri district, Oudh. Area, 1350 
acres. Pop. (1869), 1272. 



8 AHM 

AHMADNAGAR (AHMEDNUGGUR). Town in the Ah'garh district, 
N.W.P. Lat, 27 44', long. 78 38'. 

AHMADNAGAR (AHMEDNUGGUR). District of the Edar State, 
q.v. It was independent from 1790 to 1841; and lapsed to Edar in 
1841 on the election of the Raja of Ahmadnagar to the gadi of 
Jodhpur. 

AHMADNAGAR (AHMEDNUGGUR). The capital of the preceding, 
situate on the banks of the river Hatmati. Distant north from Baroda 
ninety-one miles. Lat. 23 34', long. 73 1'. 

AHMADPUR (AHMEDPOOR). Town in the Multan district, Punjab, 
situated on the right bank of the Chenab, thirty-seven miles north-east 
of Multan. Lat. 30 34', long. 71 48'. 

AHMADPUR. Village in Birbhum (Beerbhoom) district, Bengal; 
and station on the loop line of the E.I.R. 

AHMADPUR. Town in Bahawalpur State, Punjab. Lat. 29 
8' 30", long. 71 18'. Pop. (1881), 9853. Also another town of the 
same name. Pop. (1881), 4235. 

AHMADPUR. Town in the Jhang district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 
2338. 

AHMEDABAD. A district in the Guzerat province of the Bombay 
Presidency; between lat. 21 57' 30" 23 24' 30", and long. 71 20 
72 57' 30". Area, 3821 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 856,324. Bounded on 
the west by Kathiawar, on the north by the northern portion of the 
Baroda State, on the north-east by the States of Mahi Kantha, on the east 
by the Balasinor State and the Kaira district, and on the south-east and 
south by the Gulf of Cambay. The two subdivisions of Parantij in the 
north-east, and Gogo in the south, are detached from the rest of the 
district, the territory of native chiefs intervening. The district is 
traversed from north-east to south-west by the river Sabarmati. The 
general appearance of the country is almost that of a perfect level, the 
land appearing as if it had been abandoned by the sea at no very remote 
period, according to the reckoning of geologists. A tract running from 
the head of the Gulf of Cambay to the Runn of Cutch is still subject to 
be covered with water. The district was formerly, before the time of 
railways, the main route for the trade of Central India and Malwa. The 
Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway now traverses it for a 
distance of 74 miles. The two chief ports are Dholera and Gogo. The 
district, which is divided into seven taluks, or subdivisions in charge of a 
collector and three assistants, contains eight municipalities, including 
that of Ahmedabad city. 

AHMEDABAD. City, and capital of the Ahmedabad district, Bombay 
Presidency, situated on the east or left bank of the river Sabarmati ; it is 
the first city in Guzerat, and second in the Presidency only to Bombay 
itself. Its pop. in 1881 was 127,621. Its walls are still of immense 
thickness, and inclose an area of about 2 sq. miles. The architecture of 
Ahmedabad is famous see Hope and Fergusson's Architecture of Ahmed- 
dbdd the finest specimen being the Jama Masjid of Ahmad Shah, the 
founder of the city, in 1412. Lat. 43 1' 45", long. 72 30' 30". 

AHMED KHAN. Town in the Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 
25 26', long. 67 54'. 

AHMEDPUR. See AHMADPUB. 



AHM AJA 9 

AHMEDPTJE CHHOTA or "LESSEE AHMEDPUR." Town in 
the Bahawalpur State, Punjab. Lat. 28 16', long. 70 13'. 

AHMUD. See AMOD. 

AHMUDGUEH. See AHMADGAKH. 

AHOBALAM. Village and shrine in Karnul district, Madras. Lat. 
15 9' 3", long. 78 46' 59". Pop. 117. 

AHPYOUK. Bevenue circle, Henzada district, British Burma. 
Pop. 6605. 

AHEATJEA (AHEOEAH). Town and pargana in Mirzapur district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 25 1' 15", long. 83 4' 20". Pop. (1881), 11,332. Ten 
miles north of it is the Ahraura Eoad Station, E.I.R. Pop., of pargana 
(1881), 21,360. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 80,466. 

AHTUE. See ATUR. 

AHTI. A small river of Malwa, Central India Agency, falling into 
the Kali Sind, q.v. 

AIAVEJ. State, with town, in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying tribute 
to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Lat. 21 24', long. 71 47'. 

AIGIIE. Town and Eiver in Hassan district, Mysore. Lat. 21 24', 
long. 75 0' 53". 

AIGUETI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 115. 

AIHAE. Town in Eae Bareli district, Oudh. Local name for tho 
place is Nuniagaon. Pop. (1869), 2734. 

AIKOTA. See ATAKOTTA. 

AING-GYEE. Village in Henzada district, British Burma. 

AING-KA-LOUNG. Eevenue circle in Eangoon district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 3623. 

AIEWA. Thana in Etawah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 18,236. 

AIEWAS. See AHIRWAS. 

AIEI. Teak forest in Mandla district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
22 3822 40', long. 80 43' 45" 80 46' 45". Area, 5 sq. miles. 

AIT. Thana in Jalaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 27,412. 

AIVATTOKKALTI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 354. 

AIYAMANGALA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 515. 

AIYAMGEEL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 383. 

AIYAE. River in Salem district, Madras. 

AJABPUEA. Native State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. 
(1881), 446. The Chief pays an annual tribute of 96 rupees to the 
Gaekwar. 

AJAL See AJI. 

AJAIGAEH. Native State, and famous fortress, in Bundelkhand, 
Central India Agency. Between lat. 24 45' 30" 24 58', and long. 
80 4' 45" 80 22'. Bounded on the north by the Charkhari State and 
Banda district, on the east and south by the Panna State, on the west by 
the Chhatarpur State. Area, 802 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 81,454. The 
Raja, who lives at Naushahr, at the foot of the hill-fortress of Ajaigarh, 
has a salute of eleven guns, and pays a tribute of 701 to the British 
Government. 

AJANTA. A village and ravine in the Nizam's dominions, famous for 
its cave-temples ; also, the range of hills (called also the Indhyadri 
Hills) in which this ravine is situated, running into the Nizam's 
dominions from the south-west of Berar, and skirting the Khandesh 



10 AJA AJO 

district, Bombay. The Buddhist cave-temples of Ajanta, which range in 
date from 200 B.C. to 600 A.D., are described in Fergusson's History of 
Indian ^Architecture ; see also Mrs. Speirs' Life in Ancient India. Lat. 
20 32' 30", long. 75 48". 

AJANUR. Town in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 12 20', 
long. 57 T 15". Pop. 5162. 

AJGAIN. Town in Unao district, Oudh ; and station on the Oudh 
and llohilkhand Railway. Pop. (1869), 2365. Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 104,162. 

AJGAON. Town in TTnao district, Oudh ; on the river Sai. Pop. 
(1869), 3481. A great centre of the tobacco industry. 

AJI. River in Kathiawar, Bombay ; falls into the Gulf of Cutch ; 
length about sixty miles. 

AJI (AJAI). River rising in Hazaribagh district, Bengal, flowing 
through Monghyr and Birbhum districts, forming the southern boundary 
between the last district and Bardwan. The Ajai falls into the Bhagi- 
rathi at Katwa (Cutwa). 

AJITMAL. Town in Etawah district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 33', long. 
79 23'. 

AJITMAL. Thana in Etawah district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 65,721. 

A JJALLI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 147. 

AJMERE. The principal place of the district of Ajmere-Mhairwara. 
A municipality, the headquarters of the district, and one of the most 
important stations on the Rajputana State Railway ; it is also a city of 
great antiquity and celebrity. Situated on the lower slope of the Taragarh 
hill, on which is the famous fort of the same name ; obtains its water 
from the Anasagar Lake. Amongst other educational institutions, it con- 
tains the Ajmere College (founded 1851), and the Mayo College (founded 
1870), the latter of which was established for the benefit of the sons of 
Rajput noblemen. A noted shrine is called the dargah of the Khwaja 
Sahib. Lat. 26 27' 10", long. 74 43' 58". Pop. (1881), 48,735. 

AJMERE-MHAIRWARA (AJMEK MERWARA). A British district 
and Chief Commissionership, consisting of the districts of Ajmere and 
Mhairwara, situated in the centre of the States of Rajputana. Bounded 
on the north by Kishangarh and Jodhpur, on the west by Jodhpur, on 
the south by IJdaipur, and on the east by Kishangarh, Jaipur, and 
Udaipur. Area, 2711 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 460,722. Lat, 25 33' 
26 45', long. 73 45' 75'. The headquarters of the Deputy-Com- 
missioner of the district are at Ajmere ; the Governor-General's Agent 
for Rajputana (headquarters Mt. Abu) is ex-officio Chief -Commissioner 
of Ajmere-Mhairwara. 

AJMIRGARH. Ancient hill-fort in Bilaspur district, Central Pro- 
vinces ; hill 3500 feet high. 

AJNALA. Tahsil of Amritsar district, Punjab ; on both sides of the 
river Ravi. Lat. 31 3732 3' 15", long. 74 32' 30" 75 1'. Pop. 
(1881), 201,172. Area, 428 sq. miles. 

AJNALA. Village in tahsil of same name, Amritsar district, Punjab. 
Pop. (1868), 1808. 

AJNAR. Thana in Hamirpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 31,256. 

AJODHYA. Famous ancient city, now ruins buried in jungle, in 
Faiaabad district, Oudh; on the south bank of the river Gogra (Ghagra). 



AJO AKB 11 

Lat. 26 48' 20", long. 82 14' 40". Pop. (1881), 11,643. The mausoleum 
of the Bahu Begum is unrivalled of its kind. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
27,478. 

AJODHYA. Village in Bardwan district, Bengal. Lat. 23 35' 10", 
long. 87 32' 20". 

AJRA. Town in the Kolhapur State, Bombay Presidency. Lat. 16 8', 
long. 74 17'. 

AKA HILLS. Frontier Hills north of Darrang district, Assam, 
inhabited by the Akas. Bounded on the east by the Daphla (Duffla) 
Hills, and on the west by the territories of independent Bhutia tribes. 

AKALGARH. Town and municipality in Gujranwala district. 
Punjab. Lat. 32 16', long. 73 52'. Pop. (1881), 4312. 

AKALGARH. Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 2907. 
AKALKOT. Native State, being one of "the Satara Jagirs," Bombay 
Presidency. Bounded on the north and east by Haidarabad State and 
Kaladgi district, on the west by Sholapur district. Area, 498 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 58,040. Situate on the Deccan plateau; between lat. 17 
17' 45" 17 44', and long. 75 5676 28' 30". The chief, who ranks 
as a first-class Sardar of the Deccan, being a minor, the State is ad- 
ministered by the Political Superintendent, Akalkot. 

AKALKOT. Capital of the Akalkot State, Bombay Presidency. Lat. 
17 31' 30", long. 76 15'. Pop. (1872), 8470. 

AKAR. Town in Eaipur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 20 50', 
long. 81 32'. 

AKAR-ALI. Raised road, 20 miles long, in Sibsagar district, Assam ; 
between Golaghat and Negheriting. 

AKAYA. Village in the Arakan Hill Tracts district, British Burma ; 
on the left bank of the Kuladan river. Lat. '^0 49', long. 93 7'. 

AKBARABAD. Pargana in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
22,275. 

AKBARABAD (AKBURAEAD). Town in Rampur State, K.AV.P. 
Lat. 29 5', long. 79 4'. 

AKBARABAD (AKBURABAD). Town (in pargana of same name) 
in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Lat 27 48', long. 78 21'. Pop. of 
pargana (1881), 57,450. 

AKB ARE AND AR. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. 
AKBARNAGAR. Ancient name of Rajmahal, Bengal. 
AKBARPUR. Town in Indore State, near Mandlesar, Central Indian 
Agency. Lat. 22 8', long. 75 33'. 

AKBARPUR. Town (and also tahsil) in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 26 22', long. 80. Pop. (1881), 5131. Area of tahsil, 246 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 109,910. 

AKBARPUR. Village in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 
48', long. 79 43'. 

AKBARPUR. Town (and also tahsil) in Faizabad district, Oudh ; on 
the river Tons. Lat. 26 25' 35", long. 82 34' 25". Pop. of town(1869), 
3100: of tahsil (1881), 209,694, the area of the latter being 402 sq. 
miles. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 137,159. And thana. Pop. (1881), 
123,107. 

AKBARPUR. Thana in Cawnpore district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
65,421. 



12 AKB AKO 

AKBARPITR (or KATE A). Village in Muzatfarpur district, Bengal. 
Lat. 26 12' 45", long. 85 41' 6". Pop. (1872), 2208. 

AKBARPUR (AKBURPUR). Village in Gurgaon district, Punjab. 
Lat. 27 52', long. 77 10'. 

AKBARPTJR (AKBURPTTR). Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 27 39', long. 77 37'. 

AKBARPTJR-SINJHAULL Tahsil in Faizabad district, Oudh. Area, 
263 sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 143,882. 

AKDIA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay : containing one village. Lat. 
21 42', long. 71 8'. 

AKDIRAH. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 25 23', 
long. 73 17'. 

AKHA. See AKA. 

AKHERL See IKKERI. 

AKHUNDL Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 25 59', 
long. 72 14'. 

AKKAWARRTJM. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 17 15', long. 
79 26'. 

AKKERL See IKKEKI. 

AKLAJ. Municipality in Sholapur district, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 
4889. Lat. 17 53' 30", long. 75 4'. 

AKLI. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 4', long. 
71 24'. 

AKLONI. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency, Lat. 
26 35', long. 78 37'. 

AKLUJ. See AKLAJ. 

AKNUR. Town, fort, and old palace, in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 
situate on the Chenab. Lat. 32 5', long. 74 47'. The Chenab is 
navigable downwards from a point a short distance above Aknur to 
the sea. 

AKOAT. See AKOT. 

AKOHRL Town in Unao district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 4121. 

AKOLA. District of Berar. Under the administration of the Resident 
at Haidarabad. Between lat. 20 1721 15', and long. 76 2377 25'. 
Bounded on the north by the Satpura range, on the east by Ellichpur 
district, on the south by the Satmal range, on the west by Buldana and 
Khandesh districts. Area, 2660 miles. Pop. (1881), 592,792. The 
Purna is the chief river, on the banks of which are salt wells extending 
fifty miles in length and ten in breadth. There are seven stations of the 
Great Indian Peninsular Railway in this district. 

AKOLA. Chief town (in taluk of same name) of Akola district, and 
headquarters of the Commissionership of West Berar. A station on the 
Nagpur line, G.I.P. Railway. Top. (1881), 16,614. Cotton market, 
and seat of mission. Lat. 20 42' 15", long. 77 2'. Area of taluk, 739 
eq. miles. Pop. (1881), 139,421. 

AKOLA. Subdivision in Ahmadnagar district, Bombay. Area, 588 
eq. miles. Pop. (1881), 60,800. 

AKON A. Village in Bahraich district, Oudh. Lat. 27 33' 11", 
long. 81 59' 38". Pop. (1869), 1852. 

AKORAH. Town in Peshawar district, Punjab ; on the right bank 
of the Kabul river. Lat. 34, long. 72 10'. 



AKO ALA 13 

AKORI Town in the Jalann district, Bundelkhand, Central India 
Agency. Lat. 25 57', long. 79 20'. 

AKOT. Town (and taluk of which it is the capital) in Akola district, 
Berar. An important cotton mart. Pop. (1881), 16,137. Lat. 21 5' 
45", long. 77 6'. Area of taluk, 518 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 144,253. 

AKOUNAH. See AKONA. 

AKOTJK-TOUNG. Hill of the Arakan Yoma Range, Henzada district, 
British Burma. Lat. 18 29' 45", long. 95 10' 45'. 

AKOWLAH. See AKOLA. 

AKRA. Town in the Bannu district, Punjab ; situated on the left 
bank of the river Gambila. Lat. 32 36', long. 70 33'. 

AKRABAD. Thana in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 65,407. 

AKRANI PARGANA. A part of the Khandesh district, Bombay. 
Lat. 21 50', long. 74. 

AKSATJLL Thana in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 22,951. 

AKULKOTE. See AKALKOT. 

AKYAB. A district of Arakan division, British Burma ; obtained 
from the Burmese by conquest, 24th February, 1826; bounded. on 
the north by Chittagong, on the west by the Bay of Bengal, on the east 
by the Yoma mountains, and on the south by the island of Ramri, and 
numerous creeks and estuaries. It lies between lat. 20 22 29', long. 
92 14' 94. Area, 5535 sq. miles, and it is the largest of the three 
provinces of Arakan. It is in general flat, but along the sea-shore some 
low ridges of hills run parallel with the sea, and to the north and east its 
boundary is formed by high ranges, over which are several passes to 
Chittagong and Ava. The valley, which constitutes the principal part of 
the province, is intersected by numerous streams and tide nullahs, besides 
the larger rivers Mayu, Kuladan, and Lemro, which run through it, and 
in the rainy season completely inundate the neighbouring country, and 
insulate the villages in their vicinity. The soil is peculiarly adapted for 
the cultivation of rice. Pop. (1881), 359,706. Akyab is administered 
by a Deputy-Commissioner, an Assistant-Commissioner, a Magistrate, and 
eight extra Assistant-Commissioners. 

AKYAB. Port, municipality, and headquarters both of the Akyab 
district and the Arakan division, British Burma. Formerly a Magh 
fishing-village, called Tset-twe, and still known by that name among 
the Magh inhabitants. Situate on the eastern side of the island of Akyab, 
which is at the south-western extremity of the district, and at the mouth 
of the Kuladan river. It exports rice largely. Lat. 20 6' 45", long. 
92 56' 30". Pop. (1881), 33,989. 

ALABAKHSHPUR. Part of Patna Town, Bengal. Lat. 25 36', 
long. 85 15'. 

ALADIN ISLANDS. Islands south-west of the- Tenasserim provinces. 
Lat. 9 40', long. 98 8'. 

ALAGAR. Range of hills in Madura district, Madras. 

ALAHYAR-JO-TANDO (TANDO-ALAHYAR). -Town (and taluk of 
which it is the capital) in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 25 27', 
long. 68 45'. Pop. 3913. Area of taluk, 705 sq. miles. Pop. 59,746. 

ALAIPUR. Tillage in Jessor district, Bengal. Lat. 22 49', long. 
89 4 1 '. Noted for its pottery. 

ALAKANANDA. See ALAKNANDA. 



14 ALA. 

ALAKtf ANDA. River in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; forms, after 
junction with the Bhagirathi, the main stream of the Ganges, like which 
it is held sacred. Srinagar in Garhwal is a town on its banks. 

ALALTTKUPPE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 29. 

ALAMBARAI, ALLEMBADDY, or ALLTJMKADDY. Town in 
Coimbatore district, Madras ; situate on the right bank of the river 
Kaveri (Cauvery). Lat. 12 9', long. 77 49'. 

ALAMDANGA. Village in Nadiya district, Bengal. Station of the 
Eastern Bengal Railway, on the river Pangasi. Lat. 23 45' 30", long. 
88 59' 30". Also thana. Area, 132 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 89,947. 

ALAMGANJ. Thana in Patna district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
30,963. 

ALAMGIR HILL. Hill of the Assia range, Orissa. Lat. 20 37', 
long. 86 16'. On the summit there is a shrine (built 1719 A.D.) with 
endowment of lands. 

ALAMGIRNAGAR. Ancient fort, formerly commanded mouth of 
Meghna river, British Burma. 

ALAMNAGAR. Village in Bhagalpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 34', 
long. 86 56'. 

ALAMNAGAR. Pargana in Hardoi district, Oudh. Area, 59 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 18,282. 

ALAMPTJR. Decayed town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 25 
57', long. 76 25'. 

ALAMPTJR (ALTJMPUR). Town in Haidarabad State, on the left 
bank of the river Tungabhadra. Lat. 15 52', long. 78 11'. 

ALAMPTJR. Native State in Gohelwad, Kathiawar, Bombay. Con- 
sisting of one village. Lat. 21 57', long. 71 46'. Pays 123 annually 
as tribute to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

ALAMPUR (ALLTJMPOOR). Town in Midnapur district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 30', long. 86 57'. 

ALANDI Town, municipality, and Hindu shrine, in Poona district, 
Bombay. Lat. 18 27', long. 74 6' 30". Pop. (1872), 1624. 

ALAPIIR. Village in Gurgaon district, Punjab. Lat. 28 16', long. 
77 7'. 

ALAPTIR. Town in Buclaun district, KW.P. Lat. 27 54' 45", 
long. 79 17'. Pop. (1881), 5630. 

ALATPUR. Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 10', 
long. 78 50'. 

ALATUR. Town in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 11 52', long. 
76 6' 30". Pop. 3385. 

ALAWALPTJR. Town and municipality in Jullundur district, Punjab. 
Lat. 31 26', long. 75 42'. Pop. (1881), 3802. 

ALAWARKHAWA. Village in Dinajpur district, Bengal. Scene of 
the Hindu religious festival known as Raspurnima, when upwards of 
40,000 persons assemble together. 

ALAYGYAN PASS. A pass over the Arakan Yoma Mountains, from 
Sandoway to Prome, in British Burma. Lat. 18 31', long. 94 39'. 

ALAY KHYOTJNG. Revenue circle, Kyouk-hpyii district, British 
Burma. Area, 25 sq. miles. Pop. 1600. 

ALAY-KYWON. Revenue circle, Kyouk-hpyu district, British 
Burma. Area, 27 sq. miles. Pop. 1084. 



ALA ALI 15 

ALAY-KYWON. Revenue circle, Bassein district, British Burma. 
Area, 65 sq. miles. Pop. 1893. 

ALBAK. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 18 10', long. 80 47'. 

ALDEMAN. Pargana of Sultanpur district, Oudh. Area, 349 sq. 
miles. Lat. 26 20 40', long. 52 15' 83 6'. Pop. (1881), 
169,392. 

ALDONA. Village in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
7864. 

ALEEPOOR. See ALIPFB. 

ALEPPL See ALLEPPI. 

ALGUADA REEF. Dangerous reef (with lighthouse), off the coast 
of British Burma, south-south-west of Diamond Island. Lat. 15 40' 15", 
long. 94 16' 45". 

ALIABAD. Village, Bara Banki district, Oudh. Lat. 26 51', long. 
81 41'. Pop. (1869), 1734. 

ALIBAGH. Chief town and port of Kolaba district, Bombay. Lat. 
18 38' 55", long. 72 54' 50'. Pop. (1881), 6376. 

ALIBAGH. Subdivision in Kolaba district, Bombay. Area, 194 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 76,138. 

ALI BANDAR. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay; on 
the river Guni. Lat. 24 22', long. 69 11'. 

ALIGANJ. Town and municipality (in a tahsil of the same name) in 
Etah district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 29' 20", long. 79 12' 40". Pop. (1881), 
7436. Area of tahsil, 531 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 193,800. 

ALIGANJ. Village in Kheri district, Oudh. Lat. 28 9', long. 
80 40'. Pop. (1869), 1133. 

ALIGANJ (ALLEEGUNJE). Town in Purniah district, Bengal. 
Lat. 26 19', long. 87 48'. 

ALIGANJ (ALLEHGUNJ). Town in the Farrukhabad district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 27 33', long. 79 45'. 

ALIGANJ. Thana in Etah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 86,660. 

ALIGANJ SEW AN. Town and municipality in Saran district, 
Bengal. Lat. 26 13' 23", long. 84 23' 43". Pop. (1872), 11,099. 

ALIGARH. District in the Meerut division, N.W.P. ; between lat. 
27 28' 30" 28 10' 30", and long. 77 31' 15" 78 41' 15". Area, 
1955 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,021,187. Bounded on the north 
by the Ganges and the Bulandshahr district, on the east by Etah 
district, on the south by Muttra and Agra districts, and on the west 
by the river Jumna and Muttra district. The Ganges Canal passes 
through the centre of this important district of the Doab. Administered 
by a Magistrate- Collector and his Assistant, with five Deputy Collectors, 
and the usual: Staff. Tbe district is traversed by the East Indian and 
Oudh and Rohilkhand Railways; it also contains the well-known Ah'garh 
Institute, founded in 1864 by Sayyid Ahmad Khan. 

ALIGARH. Town, municipality, and headquarters of All garh district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 27 55' 41", long. 78 6' 45". Population in 1872 (includ- 
ing the adjacent native town of Koil), 58,539. Station of the E.I.R. 

ALIGARH. Tahsil of Parrukhabad district, N.W.P. Area, 186 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 76,085. 

ALIGARH. Small fort near Garden Reach, five miles south of 
Calcutta; taken by Clive in 1756. 



16 ALT ALL 

ALIGARH. Thana in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
46,391. 

ALIGATIM. Town in Ahmadnagar district, Bombay; on the Bhima. 
Lat. 1 8 35', long. 74 23'. 

ALINAGAR. Thana in Benares district. N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
30,267. 

ALIPOORA. See ALIPUEA. 

ALIPORA. See ALIFTJRA. 

ALIPORE See ALIPUR. 

ALIPUR. Principal subdivision of the district of the twenty-four 
Parganas, Bengal. Lat. 22 19' 45" 22 38' 30", long. 88 8' 30"- 
88 42'. Area, 402 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 630,736. 

ALIPUR. Town, southern suburb of Calcutta, and headquarters of 
the district of the twenty-four Parganas, Bengal. Lat. 22 31' 50", 
long. 88 24'. Contains Belvedere, the residence of the Lieutenant- 
Governor of Bengal : also the great Alipur gaol, filled with long-term 
prisoners. Area, 1171 acres. Pop. (1881), 13,438. 

ALIPUR. Village in Delhi district, Punjab. Lat. 28 48', long. 
77 12'. 

ALIPUR. Town (in subdivision of same name) in J'alpaiguri district, 
Bengal. Area of subdivision, 742 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 51,697. 
Also thana. Area, 649 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 32,086. 

ALIPUR. Village (in tahsil of same name) in Muzaffargarh district, 
Punjab. Lat. 29 23', long. 70 57'. Pop. (1881), 2555. Area of tahsil, 
887 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 110,869. 

ALIPUR. Village in Wardha district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
20 32' 45", long 78 44'. Pop. (1870), 3303. 

ALIPUR (ALLYPUR). Village in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 
25 57', long. 80 50'. 

ALIPURA. Native State in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency; 
between lat. 25 7' 15" 25 17' 30", and long. 79 21' 79 30' 15'. 
Bounded north and east by Hamirpur district, south by Garrauli, and 
west by Jhansi. Area, 69 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 14,891. The Jagirdar 
maintains a force of 180 troops, with two guns. 

ALIPURA. Village in Allahabad district, N.W. P. Lat. 25 12', long. 
82 14'. 

ALI RAJPUR. Native State, Central India Agency, bordering on 
Rewa Kantha. Area, 837 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 56,827. The liana, 
who pays tribute to the British Government, is entitled to a salute of 
nine guns. 

ALI WAL. Village in Ludhiana district, Punjab ; near the left bank 
of the Sutlej. Here, on the 28th June, 1846, Sir Harry Smith attacked, 
defeated, and drove back a large body of Sikhs. Lat. 30 67', long. 
75 37'. 

ALIYAR. River in Coimbatore district, Madras. 

ALLAHABAD. A division of the North- West Province, containing 
six districts Allahabad,Cawnpore, Fatehpur, Belinda, Hanurpur, Jaunpur 
l.v. Area, 13,746 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 5,754,855. 

ALLAHABAD. District in the Allahabad Division, N."W.P. Between 
lat. 24 47' 25 47' 15", and long. 81 11' 30" 82 23' 30". Area, 
2833 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,474,106. Bounded north by Partabgarh, 



ALL 17 

west and south-west by Fatehpur and Banda, south by Rewah State, 
and east by Mfrzapur and Jaunpur districts. Administered by a 
Magistrate-Collector, two Joint Magistrates, three Assistant Magistrates, 
and two Deputy Magistrates. At the " Magh Mela " fair held in the 
plain below the fort, upwards of a quarter of a million of persons annually 
assemble together. 

ALLAHABAD. Tahsfl of Allahabad district, forming the open of the 
Doab, and containing the capital. Area, 300 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
318,059. 

ALLAHABAD City in Allahabad district, KW.P., and headquarters 
of the Lieutenant-Governorship of the Province. Lat. 25 26', long. 81 
55' 15". Pop. (1881), 148,547. The fort occupies the angle at the con- 
fluence of the Ganges and Jumna ; the latter river being crossed here 
by the E.I.R., whilst there are two bridges of boats over the Ganges. 
Allahabad is the centre of the railway system of Northern India, being 
at the point of junction of the lines to Calcutta on one side, to Delhi, 
Lahore and Peshawar on another, and to Jabalpur, Nagpur, and Bombay 
on another. 

ALLAH BANDH. A bank, fifty miles long, and in places sixteen 
miles broad, on the southern frontier of Sind, Bombay ; upheaved by 
volcanic action in 1819. Lat. 24 21', long. 69 11'. 

ALLAHGANJ. Thana in Farrakhabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
17,418. 

ALLAMPARWA. Tillage on the coast in South Arcot district, 
Madras. Lat. 12 16', long. 80 3'. 

ALLAN-MYO Town in Thayet-myo district, British Burma. Lat. 
19 21' 25", long. 95 17' 30". Pop. (1881), 5825. Close to the Burmese 
frontier. 

ALLAPTTR See ALAPTJK. 

ALLATOBJ. Town in Trichinopoli district, Madias. Lat. 10 49', 
long. 78 39'. 

ALLEH. Town in the Poona district, Bombay. Lat. 19 11', 
long. 74 5'. 

ALLEMBADY. See ALAMBAE!T. 

ALLEPPI (AULAPOLAY, ALL AP ALLI). Port and town in 
Travancore State, Madras. Lat. 9 29' 45", long. 76 22' 31''. Pop. 
(1881), 25,754. Second town and most important port in Travancore, 
whence are exported the coffee and other products of the State. There 
is a Lighthouse at the entrance to the harbour. 

ALLI MOHUN, ALLIBAJPTJR, or RAJPTJR ALL See ALI 
RAJPUR. 

ALLI MOHUN. A town in Malwa, Central India Agency, the 
chief place of the Native State of the same name. Lat. 22 12', long. 
74 24'. 

ALLIGAUM. See ALIGAUM. 

ALLIGAUM. Town in Haidambad State. Lat. 20 24', long. 
76 53'. 

ALLIPUR,. See ALIPUE. 

ALLIYARKA TANDA. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. 
Lat. 25 27', long. 68 48'. 

ALLOW ALLI A. A title belonging to certain Sikh chiefs, whose 



18 ALL ALII 

possessions on the left bank of the Sutlej were confiscated by the British 
Government in 1848, in consequence of the non-performance of their 
feudatory obligations during the Lahore war. 

ALLUR. Town in Nellore district, Madras. Lat. 14 41' 30", long. 
80 5' 21". Pop. 5530. 

ALLUR. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 19 49', 
long. 81 20'. 

ALLUR. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 17 20', long. 78 8'. 

ALLUR-KOTT APATN AM. Village in Nellore district, Madras ; on 
the coast. Lat. 15 27', long. 80 9' 45". Pop. 6991. 

ALLYGUNJ. See ALIGANJ. 

ALLYGTJRH. See ALI'GARH. 

ALLYPURA, or ALIPORA. See ALI'PTJRA. 

ALLYPUR PUTTI. Town (in pargana of same name) in Mainpnri 
district, JST.W.P. Lat. 27 20', long. 79 13'. Pop. of pargana (1881), 
14,463. 

ALMACUR. Town in Karnul district, Madras. Lat. 15 52', long. 
78 40'. 

ALMELEK. Town in Sholapur district, Bombay. Lat. 17 5', long. 
76 16'. 

ALMOD. State (twenty-nine villages) in the Mahadeo Hills, in 
Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. Lat. 22 23' 30", long. 78 
25". Area, 52 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3133. 

ALMORA. District in Kumaun, KW.P. Area, 6000 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 493,641. Also tahsil. Pop. (1881), 284,386. 

ALMORA. Town and headquarters of Kumaun district, N.W.P., and 
a municipality. Lat. 29 35' 16", long. 79 41' 16". Pop. (1881), 7390. 
Situate on the crest of a ridge 5494 feet above the sea. 

ALO-DAW-RA. Revenue circle in Prome district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 5476. 

ALORNA. Tillage in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 1986. 

ALOT. Town in Dewas State (Malwa), Central India Agency. Lat. 
23 44', long. 75 34'. 

ALSIR. Town in Bikaner State, Rajputana. Lat. 27 56', long. 74 24'. 

ALUKNUNDA. See ALAKNANDA. 

ALUMKHAN (ALAMKHAN). Town in Dera Ghazi Khan district, 
Punjab. Lat. 30 25', long. 70 49'. 

ALUMPARVA. Town in Chingalpat district, Madras. Lat. 12 17', 
long. 80 6'. 

ALTIN. Revenue circle in Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. 
1634. 

ALUNG. Town in Baroda State. Lat. 21 23', long. 72 9'. 

ALUNIAWAS. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 32', 
long. 74 24'. 

ALTJR. Town in Bellary District, Madras. Pop. (1871), 1694. 

ALUR. Village in Hassan district, Mysore State. Lat. 12 59' IS"., 
long. 76 3' E. Pop. (1871), 721. 

ALTJR. Taluk in Bellary district, Madras. Area, 677 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1871), 94,282. 

ALUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 70. 



ALV AMA 19 

ALVAR TINNEVELLI. See ALVARKTJRICHCHI. 

ALVARKURICHCHL Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Lat. 
8 47'45"N., long. 77 25' 45" E. Pop. (1871), 6015. On the right 
bank of the Chindinthura river, nineteen miles south-east of Tinnevelli. 

ALV-ARTIRTJNAGARL Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Pop. 
(1881), 5956. 

ALWA (ALAVA), State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, 6 square 
miles. The Chief pays tribute to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

ALWAR. State in Rajputana. See ULWTJR. 

ALWAYE. Town in Travancore State, Madras. Lat. 10 6' 50" K, 
long. 76 23' 31" E. Pop. (1871), 2761. The sanitarium of Cochin. 

ALWAYE. River in Cochin State, Madras, a branch of the Peryar. 

ALWUR. See ULWUR. 

ALYUNNUR. Town in Madura district, Madras. Lat. 9 17', long. 
78 32'. 

AMAIN or AMYNE. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. 
Lat. 26 20', long. 78 52'. 

AMAIT. Town in TJdaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 25 15', long. 
73 58'. 

AMALAPTJRAM. Town in Godavari district, Madras. Latitude 
16 34' 20" N., long. 82 2' 40" E. Pop. (1881), 8623. 

AMALN AIR. Town in Ahmadnagar. Lat. 18 56', long. 75 21 ; . 

AMALNER. Town (in subdivision of same nnrne) in Khandesh 
district, Bombay. Lat. 21 1' 45" N., long. 75 7' 15" E. Pop. (1881), 
7627. Area of subdivision, 527 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 88,986. 

AMALYARA. Town and tributary State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay ; 
between lat. 22 59' 23 21', and long. 72 44' 7;i 14'. Pop. (1872), 
10,661. The Chief pays tribute to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

AMANAT. River, falling into the North Koel river, Bengal. 

AMANIGANJ. Village in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
1600. Lat. 26 24', long. 81 36'. 

AMANIGANJHAT. Chief silk mart in Maldah district, Bengal. 

AMANPUR. Thana in Etah district, JS T .W.P. Pop. (1881), 
29,592. 

AMARAH. Village in Rai Bareli district, Oudh, near the left bank 
of the Ganges. Lat. 26 4', long. 80 56'. 

AMARAPURA. A town of Independent Burma, and capital of the 
country prior to 1860. Lat. 21 57', long. 73 4'. Contains a celebrated 
temple faced with 250 pillars of gilt wood ; there is also a large bronze 
statue of Buddha. 

AMARAPURAM. Town in Bellary district, Madras. Lat. 14 8' N., 
long. 77 1' 15" E. Pop. (1881), 3105. 

AMARIA. Thana in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
31,529. 

AMARKANTAK. Mountain, with Hindu temples and waterfalls, in 
Bilaspur district, Central Provinces. Close to one temple is a basin, 
inclosed with masonry, and about eight yards long and six wide, whence 
flows water, considered the head of the Nerbudda. Lat. 22 40' 15", 
long. 81 48' 15". 

AMARNATH. Village (with temple remarkable for its antiquity) in 
Tanna district, Bombay. 



20 AMA AMB 

AMARPATAN. Town in Rewah State, Central India Agency. Lat. 
24 18', long. 81 3'. 

AMARPUR. Town in Nepal State. Lat. 26 47', long. 86 47'. 

AMARPUR. Thana in Bhagalpur district, Bengal. Area, 294 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 208,508. 

AMAUII. Thana in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 23,098. 

AMB A. Town in Indore State, Central India Agency. Lat. 21 25', 
long. 75 16'. 

AMB A. River rising on the western declivity of the Western Ghats ; 
falls into the Indian Ocean a little south of Bombay. 

AMBA BHAVANI (AMBA BHOWANI). Town in TJdaipur State, 
Kajputana. Lat. 24 22', long. 72 51'. 

AMBABARI. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 111. 

AMBAGARH CHATTEL State in Chanda district, Central Provinces, 
between lat. 20 35' 20 51' 30", and long. 80 31' 15" 80 52'. 
Area, 208 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 29,854. 

AMBAGTJR. See AMBAGARH CHAUKI. 

AMBAH. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 18 44', long. 76 30'. 

AMBAHTA (AMBAITA or UMBTJHTUH). Town in Saharanpur 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 51' 15", long. 77 22' 35". Area, 55 acres. 
Pop. (1881), 6392. 

AMBAJI-DURGA. Hill in Xolar district, Mysoie State, 4399 feet. 
Lat. 13 23' 40", long. 78 3' 25". 

AMBAJIPETTA. Town in Godavari district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 
3657. 

AMBALA. See UMBALLA. 

AMBARNATH. See AMARNATH. 

AMBASAMTIDRAM (ANANDASAMTTNDRUM). Town and taluk 
in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Lat. of town 8 42' 45", long. 77 29' 
15". Pop. (1881), 8770. Area of taluk, 300 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 
163,215. 

AMBATIPETTA (AMBATEBETTA). Hill in the Western Ghats, 
Coorg. 

AMB ATMIIRI. Pass in South Kanara district, Madras; between 13 
0' 45" and 13 4' lat., and between 75 29' 15" and 75 33' 45" long. 

AMBATTI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 100. 

AMBAULIM. Village in Uuepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 651. 

AMBEANHTJLLL Village in North Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 
14 31', long. 74 37'. 

AMBECHOGOVOL. Village in Satrai district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 66. 

AMBEDEM-BUSURTJCO. Village in Satan district, Portuguese 
India. Pop. (1881), 120. 

AMBELL Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
149. 

AMBER. Ancient, but now decayed, capital of Jaipur (Jeypore) 
State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 58' 45", long. 75 52' 50". Four miles 
from the present capital, Jaipur. The old palace (commenced A.D. 1600) 
is a very tine specimen of llajput architecture. 



AMB AMH 21 

AMBER. Pargana in Santal Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
61,135. 

AMBEREM. Tillage in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 67. 

AMBERWARRA. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. 
Lat. 22 20', long. 79 10'. 

AMBGAON. Town and pargana in Chanda district, Central Provinces. 
Lat. 20 38' 30", long. 79 59' 45". Area of pargana with its dependent 
Zammdaris, 1212 sq. miles. 

AMBGAON. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces. Lat 21 
24', long. 80 28'. 

AMB LI. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 1504. 

AMBOH. Town in Keunjhar State, Orissa. Lat. 21 7' Ion** 
86 14'. 

AMBOLI. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 240. 

AMBOOR. See AMBT^R. 

AMBORA. Town in Mgpur district, Central Provinces. juat. 
21 3', long. 79 39'. 

AMBOYNA. An island in the Eastern Archipelago, restored to the 
Dutch in 1814. The town is in lat. 3 35', long. 128. 

AMBULUPALL Town in Travancore State, Madras. Lat. 9 23', 
long. 76 24' 30". Pop. 2879. 

AMBUR, AMBTIRDRTTG. Town (railway station) in North Arcot 
district, Madras. Lat. 12 50' 25", long. 78 44' 30". Pop. (1881), 10,390. 
A centre of trade. 

AMBTIRPET Town in Salem district, Madras. Lat. 12 47' 15", 
long. 78 45' 15". Pop. (1871), 7159 

AMER. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 5036. 

AMERCOTE. See UMAKKOT. 

AMETHI. Pargana (in tahsil of same name) in Sultanpur district, 
Oudh. Lat. 26 8', long. 82 2'. Area, 299 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
159,618. Contains, amongst others, the estate of Raja Madhu Singh, 
consisting of 318 villages, and paying a land revenue to the British 
Government of nearly 20,000. Pop. of tahsil (1881), 198,734. 

AMETHIR DUNGAR. Town in Lucknow district, Oudh. Lat. 
26 45' 20", long. 81 12'. Pop. (1881), 5654. 

AMGAON. Town in Narsinhpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2492. 

AMGAON. Chiefship in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Area, 
144 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 27,524. 

AMGAON. Town in Chiefship of same name, Central Provinces. 
Pop. (1881), 2074. 

AMHERA. Thana in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
31,757. 

AMHERST, or JTTGGTT ISLAND. Situate off the southern ex- 
tremity of the island of Ramri, British Burma. Its greatest length is 
about six miles ; its width about half as much. 

AMHERST. District in Tenasserim division, British Burma ; be- 
tween lat. 14 59' 17 51', and long. 97 30' 98 53'. Area, 15,189 



22 AMH AMM 

sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 301,086. Bounded on the north, by the Salwm 
and Kyuniek rivers ; on the east by the Daunat Mountains ; on the south 
by the Ma-hlwai hills ; and on the west by the Gulf of Martaban. The 
capital is Maulmain. The teak forests are important. Obtained by 
conquest in the first (A.D. 1820) and second (AD. 1853) Burmese wars. 
The administrative Headquarters of the district are at Maulmain. 

AMHERST. Town in Amherst district, British Burma, situate on the 
"Wakharu river, in lat. 16 4' 40", long. 97 35' 30". Originally the 
capital of the district, but in 1827 the Headquarters were transferred to 
Maulmain. 

AMI. River of Gorakhpur district, N.W.P., falling into the 
Rapti. 

AMILEA. Tillage in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 3', 
long. 80 10' 

AMILEA. Tillage in Etawah district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 33', long. 
79 24'. 

AMIL GOT. Tillage in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay, near a 
ferry over the Indus. Lat. 27 53', long. 68 56'. 

AMINAGUR (AMINNAGRA). Town in Manbhum district, Bengal, 
on the right bank of the river Kasai. Lat. 22 54', long. 86 51'. 

AMINDIVI ISLANDS. See LACCADIVES. 

AMINGAD. Town in Kaladgi district, Bombay. Lat. 16 3' 30", 
long. 76. Pop. (1872), 7314. 

AMINGURH. See AMINGAD. 

AMIR KHAN'S POSSESSIONS. See Toxic. 

AMIRG AN J. Tillage in Rangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 22 55', 
long. 91 21'. 

AMIRGAON (AMEERGONG). Town in Noakhali district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 55', long. 91 21'. 

AM JAR. River of Jhalawar State, Rajputana, flows into the Au, a 
tributary of the Kali Sind. 

AMJHERA. State in Malwa, Central India Agency ; between lat. 
22 16' 22 47', and long. 74 40' 75 15'. Area, 584 sq. miles. 

AMJHERA. Capital of Amjhera State, Central India Agency. Lat. 
22 32', long. 75 10'. 

AMLA. Town in the Dhar State. Lat. 23, long. 75 20'. 

AMLA MATIA. Pargana in Santal Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. 
(1881), 6758. 

AMLL Town in the Udaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 25 20', 
long. 74 20'. 

AMLIARA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Population (1881), 
12,437. The Chief pays a tribute of 316 rupees to the Gaekwar. 

AMMALLL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 49. 

AMMAN AIKUR. See AMMAYANAYAKANUR. 

AMMANIMA CHUT. Town in Coimbatore district, Madras. Lat. 
11 44', long. 77 3'. 

AMMAPETAL Town in Salem district, Madras. Lat. 12 9' 15", 
long. 78 41'. Pop. (1881), 7003. 

AMMATTL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 1314. 

AMMAYANAYAKANUR. State in Madura district, Madras. Lat. 
10 22', long. 77 59'. 



AMM AMU 23 

AMMENAIKAM. Village in Madura district, Madras, and station 
for the Pulni Hills on railway. 

AMNEIR. See AMNEB. 

AMNER. Town in Amraoti district, Berar. Pop. (1867), 1800. 

AMNER. Town in Mgpur. Lat. 21 23', long. 78 29'. 

AMNER or JILPI- AMNER. Dismantled fort in Ellichpur district, 
Berar. Lat. 21 31' 45", long. 76 49' 30". 

AMOD. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Broach district, 
Bombay. Lat. 21 59' 30', long. 72 56' 15". Pop. (1881), 5822. The 
residence of a Thakur, who owns 21,214 acres of land with a rent-roll of 
about 8000 per annum. Area of subdivision, 176 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 39,641. 

AMONA. Tillage in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 447. 

AMONA. Village in Bicholm district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
1391. 

AMORHA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 43', long. 
82 27'. 

AMORHA. Pargana in Basti district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 190,445. 

AMOSI. Town in Lucknow district, Oudh. Pop. about 2350. 

AMPTA (AMP ATA or OMPTA). Town in Hugh' district, Bengal ; 
on the river Darnodar. Lat. 22 34' 30", long. 88 3' 12". Pop. (1869), 
3460. 

AMRABAD. Town in Haidaraba"d State. Lat. 16 23', long. 78 55'. 

AMRAOTI. District of Berar, between lat. 20 25' 21 36' 45", 
and long. 77 15' 30" 78 29' 30". Bounded on the north by Ellichpur 
district, on the east by the river "Wardha, on the south by Basim and Wun 
districts, and on the west by Akola and Ellichpur districts. Area, 2759 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 575,328. The river Puma flows through the 
district. 

AMRAOTI. Town and municipality in Berar; headquarters of 
district of same name. Lat. 20 55' 45", long. 77 47' 30". Pop. 
(1881), 23,550. A branch (State) railway of six miles joins the town 
with the Great Indian Peninsula line at Badnera. Headquarters of 
Amraoti district, and of the Commissionership of East Berar. 

AMRAOTI. Taluk (in district of same name) in Berar. Area, 672 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 163,456. 

AMRAPTIR. State in Bewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, If sq. miles. 
Lat. 21 36', long. 71 6'. 

AMRAPUR. Town in Bellary district, Madras. Lat. 14 8', long. 
77 2'. 

AMRATJLI or TJMRATJLI. Village in Farrukhabad district, 
KW.P. Lat. 27 28', long. 79 18'. 

AMRAVATI. River in Coimbatore and Trichinopoli districts, 
Madras; nearly exhausted by irrigation works; falls into the Kaveri 
(Cauvery). 

AMRAVATI. Town in Kistna district, Madras. Lat. 16 34' 45", 
long. 80 24' 21". Pop. (1871), 2155. For account of the famous 
Buddhist tope, see Mr. Fergusson's History of Indian Architecture. 

AMRAVATI, or CHATIA HILL. Hill and remains of fort in 
Cuttack district, Bengal. Lat. 26 37', long. 86 5'. 



24 AMR AMTT 



AMREE. See 

AMRELI (AMREELI, or TJMRETLEE). Town (in district of same 
name) in Baroda State, Bombay. Lat. 21 36', long. 71 15' 15". 
Pop. (1881), 13,642. Area of district, 1560 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
147,468. There is also a Mahal of the same name. Area, 319 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 40,673. 

AMRL Village in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 26 10' 30", 
Ions. 68 3' 30". Pop. 867. 

AMRITA BAZAR (or MAGTJRA). Village in Jessor district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23 9', long. 89 6'. The Bengali newspaper, "Amrita Bazar 
Patrika," is published weekly in this village. 

AMRITSAR (AMRITSIR or UMRITSUR). Division of the Punjab, 
including the Amritsar, Gurdaspur, and Sialkot districts. Lying between 
lat. 31 10' 33 50' 30", and long. 74 14' 45" 75 44' 30". Area, 5354 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2.729,109. 

AMRITSAR (AMRITSIR or TJMRITSUR). District in Amritsar 
division, Punjab. Between lat. 31 10' 32 13', and long. 74 24' 
75 27'. Area, 1574 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 893,266. Bounded on the 
north-west by the river Ravi, on the north east by the district of 
Gurdaspur, on the south-east by the river Beas, and on the south-west 
by the district of Lahore. 

AMRITSAR. City in Amritsar district, Punjab, and headquarters of 
the district and division. Lat. 31 37' 15", long. 74 55'. Pop. (1881), 
151,896. The religious capital of the Sikhs. Founded by Guru Ram 
Das, their apostle, in 1574. 

AMRITSAR. Tahsil of Amritsar district. Between lat. 31 28' 15" 
31 15', and long. 74 44' 30" 75 26' 15". Area, 550 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 430,418. 

AMROHA. Ancient town and municipality (also the tahsfl in which 
it is) in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 b 54' 40", long. 78 31' 5". 
Pop. (1881), 36,145. Area of tahsil, 251 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
174,014. 

AMROHA. Thana in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
120,653. 

AMSIN. Pargana in Faizabad district, Oudh. Area, 107 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 59,378. 

AMSOT. Thana in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 4155. 

AMTA. Thana in Howrah district, Bengal. Area, 103 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 109,968. 

AMUD. Village in Hamirpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 43', long. 
79 45'. 

AMULNAIR See AMALNER. 

AMUR KASBA. Thana in Purniah district, Bengal. Area, 285 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 124,889. 

AMIIRA BHAURIARL Village in Champaran district, Bengal. Lat. 
26 47', long. 84 19'. Pop. (1872), 7031. 

AMTJRGTTRH. Fortress in Kashmir State, Punjab. Lat. 32 57', 
long. 74 18'. 

AMTJRNATH. Cave amidst the mountains bounding Kashmir State, 
on the north-east. Believed by the Hindus to be the residence of the 
deity Siva. Lat. 34 15', long. 75 49'. 



AMW ANA 25 

AMWA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N."W.P. Lat. 26 51', long. 
84 16' 15". Pop. (1872), 6150. Area, 145 acres. 

AN (AENGr). River in Kyouk-hpyii district, British Burma ; flows 
into Combermere Bay. 

AN (AENG). Town (and township) in Kyouk-hpyu district, British 
Burma ; on the river of same name. There is here a pass over the Arakan 
Yoma mountains, from Arakan to Independent Burma. Lat. 19 49' 30", 
long. 94 4' 45". Pop. (1875), 1528. Area of township, 2833 sq miles. 
Pop. (1876), 20,631. 

ANAGAON. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 18 21', long. 77 30'. 

ANAGUNDL See YIJAYANAGAE. 

ANAHADGARH. Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 
5449. 

ANAJL Town in Mysore State. Lat. 14 28', long. 76 1'. 

ANAKAPAILE (ANAKAPILII). Town (also taluk and estate) in 
Yizagapatam district, Madras. Town is on the river Saradanadi. Lat. 
17 41' 20", long. 83 3'. Pop. (1881), 13,341. Population of taluk 
(1871), 165,499. The estate consists of sixteen villages, paying a tribute 
to the British Government of 3076 per annum. 

ANAMALAI HILLS. Hills and mountain region, in Coimbatore 
district and Travancore State, Madras; between lat. 10 13' 45" 
10 31' 30", long. 76 52' 30" 77 23'. 

ANAMALAI. Town in Coimbatore district, Madras. Lat. 10 35', 
long. 76 59' 30". Pop. (1871), 22,293. 

ANAMASAMUDRAPET. Yillage in Kellore district, Madras. Lat. 
14 41' 40", long. 79' 43'. The mosque is of great antiquity, and the 
scene of an annual festival which lasts nine days. 

ANAN-BAW. Revenue circle in Shwe-gyeng district, British Burma. 
Area, 270 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 4418. 

ANAND. Town in Kaira district, Bombay. Lat. 22 32' 30", long. 
73 0' 45". Pop. (1881), 9271. Station on the Bombay, Baroda, and 
Central India Railway. 

ANAND. Subdivision in Kaira district, Bombay. Area, 243 sq. 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 154,118. 

ANANDPUR. Town in Kahlur State. Lat. 31 17', long. 76 36'. 

ANANDPUR. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a tribute to the 
British Government of 71 10s. per annum. 

ANANDPUR. Town and municipality in Hoshiarpur district, Punjab. 
Lat. 31 15', long. 76 34'. Pop. (1881), 5878. The centre of great 
annual religious fairs. 

ANANDPUR. Village in Midnarmr district, Bengal. Lat. 21 41' 50", 
long. 87 35' 30". 

^ AN ANTAGIRL Tillage in Yizagapatam district, Madras; 3111 feet 
high. Containing the residence of the Eaja of Yizianagram. Pop. 250. 

ANANTAPUR. Town in Shimoga district, Mysore State. Lat. 
14 4' 50", long. 75 15' 10". Pop. (1871), 711. 

ANANTAPUR. Taluk in Bellary district, Madras. Area, 789 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1871), 101,558. A centre of irrigation. 

ANANTAPUR. Town and municipality in Bellary district, Madras. 
Lat. 14 40' 58", long. 77 39'. Pop. (1881), 4907. 

ANANTA.PUR. - Shrine in Cuddapah district, Madras, and scene of 



26 ANA AND 

the Ganga Jatra festival, where the blood of buffaloes and goats runs in 
streams over the holy ground. 

ANANTAPUR. District in Madras. Pop. (1881), 599,899. 

AN ANT AS AGr ARAM. The ancient name of Hande Anantapur; a 
town in the Bellary district, Madras. Lat. 14 40', long. 77 40'. 

AN ANT AS AG ARAM. Town in Nellore district, Madras. Lat. 14 
34' 30", long. 79 26' 30". Pop. 3086. Contains a fine mosque and 
a tank built in A.D. 1522 of a peculiar construction. 

ANANTAWAEAM. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 17 21', long. 
81 16'. 

ANATILA. Pargana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
78,941. 

ANCHITTAI-DTJRGAM. Hill and fort in Salem district, Madras. 
Lat. 12 21', long. 77 45' 45". 

ANCHITTY. See ANCHITTAI-DTJRGAM. 

AND A. Thana in Bankura district, Bengal. Area, 329 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 119,321. 

ANDAGOVE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 245. 

ANDAMAN ISLANDS. Group on east side of Bay of Bengal, form- 
ing part of an Archipelago stretching from Cape Negrais in Burma to 
Sumatra; between lat. 10 30' 13 45', and long. 92 15' 93 15'. 
Contain Great Andaman group (including North Andaman, fifty-one miles 
long ; Middle Andaman, fifty-nine miles ; South Andaman, forty-nine 
miles ; Eutland Island, eleven miles), and Little Andaman Group (in- 
cluding Little Andaman, twenty-eight miles long), and many surrounding 
islands. Capital, Port Blair, on South Andaman. Area, 880 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 14,628. The convict-settlement for all India, and scene of 
Lord Mayo's murder on 8th February, 1872. 

ANDANIPURA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 78. 

AND AR. Ghat in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 13 20' 15", 
long. 75 4' 30". 

ANDARI (ANDARY). Town in Chhindwara district, Central 
Provinces. Lat. 22 49', long. 79 34'. 

ANDAW (Sacred Double Tooth). Famous pagoda in Sandoway 
district, British Burma. Lat. 18 27' 15", long. 94 28'. Supposed to 
have been built in A.D. 761, to hold the tooth of Gautama Buddha. 

ANDHARGAON. Town in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. 
Pop. (1881), 2917. 

ANDHIARL Thana in Gonda district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 58,681. 

ANDHRA. Estate in Vizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 18 20' 45", 
long. 83 15'. Pop. (1871), 7872. 

ANDIPATTI. Hills in Madura district, Madras. Lat. of chief peak 
9 56', long. 77 44' 30". 

ANDIPATTI. Town in Madura district, Madras. Lat. 10, long. 
77 40'. Pop. (1871), 7684. There is a pagoda endowed by the British 
Government to the extent of 24 per annum. 

ANDIYAR. Town in Coimbatore district, Madras. Lat. 11 34' 45", 
long. 77 37' 45"; pop. (1871) 6135. 

ANDREW BAY. On the coast of Arakan, British Burma, fourteen 
miles south of the entrance of the Sandoway river. The centre of the 
bay is about lat. 18 16', long. 94 16'. 



27 

ANDRHA. Ancient name of a kingdom on the east coast of India, 
capital Warangal. 

ANDRYTI. Rapid mountain torrent in Bashahr State, Punjab, rising 
inlat. 31 2-i', long. 78 1'. It appears to be mentioned by Hodgson 
under the name of Indravati. 

ANDTJR. Town in Suran district, Bengal. Lat. 26 4', long. 
84 22". 

ANDUBI. Town in AVardha district, Central Provinces. Lat. 20 33', 
long. 78 32'. 

ANEAMSAGTJR Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 18 9', long. 79 4'. 

ANECHATJKUR. Toll station in Coorg, Southern India, on the road 
through the Western Ghats, by which a large portion of the produce 
of the State passes down to the Malabar coast. The traffic returns for 
1874-75 give a total of 13,099 carts and 16,408 pack bullocks. 

ANEKAL. Taluk in Bangalore district, Mysore. Lat. (centre) 
12 42' 40", long. 77 44'. Area, 178 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 55,895. 

ANEKAL. Town and municipality in Bangalore district, Mysore 
State. Lat. 12 42' 40", long. 77 44'. Pop. (1871), 6612. 

ANGADIPURAM Town in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 10 58' 
55", long. 76 16' 51". Pop. (1871), 7644. 

ANGADDYPURAM. See ANGADIPURAM. 

ANGARBARL Peak of Saranda Hills, Singbhum district, Bengal ; 
height 2137 feet. Lat. 20 30', long. 85 37' 30". 

ANGEVIDA. Island in Portuguese India. Area, 1-5 sq. miles. 
Pop. 97. 

ANGEY KYOITNG. A long and narrow island, off the coast of Arakan. 
British Burma. Lat. 19 47' 20 4', long. 9;3 10'. 

ANGHAD. Taluka in Rewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, 3 sq. miles. 

ANGHARAH. Town in Nepal State. Lat. 29 58', long. 81 40'. 

ANGOOL. See ANGTJL. 

ANGRAZABAD. See ENGLISH Biziu. 

ANG-TONG. Town in Siam, on left bank of Menam river. Lat. 15 
35', long. 101 20'. 

ANGTSTJ. Town in Nepal State. Lat. 29 52', long. 81 50'. 

ANGTJL. State (forfeited to British Government) in Orissa Tributary 
Mahals, Bengal. Between lat. 20 32' 5" 21 10' 55', and long. 84 18' 
10" 85 42' 45". Area, 881 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 101,903. 

ANGUL. Village, and capital of State, Orissa, Bengal. Lat. 20 47' 
50", long. 85 1' 26". 

AN GYI. Township in Rangoon district, British Burma. Between 
lat. 16 18' 16 45', and long. 95 54' 96 23'. Area, 600 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1876), 75,147. Capital is Twante. 

ANHTJT. See AMHERST ISLAND. 

ANI or URNL Village in Alfgarh district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 52', 
long. 77 54'. 

ANIAH. Village in Bulandshahr district, KW.P. Lat. 28 6', 
long. 77 58'. 

ANIGIRL Town in Dharwar district, Bombay. Lat. 15 25', long. 
75 30'. 

ANIKUL. Town in Mysore State. Lat. 12 44', long. 77 44'. 

AN J AN AGERIBETTAGERI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. 
(1881), 548. 



28 ANJ ANN 

AN JANG AON. Town and municipality in Ellichpur district, Berar, 
on the Shamir river. Lat. 21 10' 30", long. 77 20' 30". Pop. (1881), 
9842. Noted in history as the scene of the Treaty (1803) which crushed 
the power of the Mahrattas. 

ANJANGAON BAEI. Town in Amraoti district, Berar. Pop. 
(1867), 3123. 

ANJANWEL. Port in Ratnagiri district, Bombay. Lat. 17 33', 
long. 73 13'. 

ANJAR. Town in Cutch State, Bombay. Lat. 23 5' 45', long. 70, 
9' 45'. Pop. (1881), 12,584. 

ANJE-DIVA or ANJADIPA. An island distant upwards of two 
miles from the coast of North Kanara, About a mile in length, and 
possessed by the Portuguese. Lat. 14 45', long. 74 10'. 

ANJENGATJM or TJNJENGAUM. See ANJANGAOX. 

ANJENGO. Town in Malabar district (but enclosed with the territory 
of Travancore State), Madras. Lat. 8 40', long. 76 47' 50". Pop. 
(1871), 2410. 

ANJI. Town in "Wardha district, Central Provinces; on the Dham 
river. Pop. (1881), 2530. 

AN JIN AD. Valley and mountain district of Travancore State, 
Madras. Area, 231 sq. miles. 

ANJTJNA. Village in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 7156. 

ANJUNEM. Tillage in Satari district, Portuguese India, Pop. 
(1881), 133. 

ANKANAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 97. 

ANKEWALLIA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; consists of three 
villages, with two independent tribute payers. Estimated revenue 
(1876), 1486 ; tribute paid to the British Government, 130. 

AN-KHYOTJNG. Revenue circle in Kyouk-hpyu. district, British 
Burma. Area, 481 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 3036. 

ANKLESWAR. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Broach 
district, Bombay. Lat. 21 37' 58", long. 73 2' 50". Pop. (1881), 
9535. A station on the Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway. 
There is also a subordinate Judge's Court and Post Office. Area of 
subdivision, 294 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 65,054. 

ANKOLA. Port (in subdivision of same name) in North Kanara 
district, Bombay. Lat. 14 39' 30", long. 74 20' 55". Area of sub- 
division, 367 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 34,189. 

ANKRL Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 19 14', long. 78 27'. 

AN- LET- WAI. Revenue circle in Kyouk-hpyu district, British 
Burma, Area. 1200 sq. miles. Pop. (1876-77), 2105. 

AN-LET-YA. Revenue circle in Kyouk-hpyu district, British Burma. 
Pop. 3469. 

ANNADARARUPAD. Town in Godavari, in the British district of 
Rajahmahendri, of Madras. Lat. 17 7', long. 81 40'. 

ANNAMARAZPET. Village in Vizngapatam district, Madras; once 
the residence of a branch of the Vizianagram family, by whom Sri 
Venugopala Swamf was established here and a large pagoda built. 
Endowment 363, derived from land. 



AON 29 

ANN ANT AGHERRL Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 17 3', 
long. 80 3'. 

ANNANTAPUR. See ANANTAPUR. 

ANN AV ARAM. Town in Yizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 17 
50', long. 83. 

ANN AWTJTTL Town in Mysore State. Lat. 14 33', long. 75 12'. 

ANNIGERL Town in Dharwar district, Bombay. Lat. 15 24' 52", 
long. 75 28' 31". Pop. (1872), 7098. 

ANNTITRAM. Village in Etawah district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 36', 
long. 79 18'. 

ANOOPSHUHTJR. See ANLPSHAHK. 

ANOPGARH. See ANUPGARH. 

ANOUK-BHET. Township in Tavoy district, British Burma, con- 
taining the large sweet- water lake Hien-tsai, fifteen miles long and from 
six to eight broad. Pop. (1876), 26,732. 

ANTA DHARA. Pass in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; leading to 
Thibet; elevation, 17,500 feet. Lat. 30 35', long. 80 17'. For eleven 
months of the year the pass is covered with snow. 

ANTAURAH. Town in Hardoi district, Oudh. Lat. 27 40', long. 
80 6'. 

ANTORA. Port in Colaba district, Bombay. Lat. 19 14', long. 
73 18' 30". 

ANTRAVEDI. Shrine in Godavari district, Madras; at mouth of 
Vasishtha branch of Godavari river. During the Kalyanam festival, 
which lasts five days, as many as 20,000 pilgrims visit the sacred 
temple. 

ANTRI. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Close 
to this spot the celebrated battle of Punniar was fought (Dec. 1843), when 
the Marhattas were totally defeated by the British troops, under General 
Grey. Lat. 26 3', long. 78 16'. 

ANUMAKONDA. Ancient capital of the kings of Warangal. 

ANUNDPUR. A town in the native state of Jutt, one of the 
Satara jaghires, distant S.E. from Satara eighty-nine miles. Lat. 16 
54', long. 75 9'. 

ANUNDPUR. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal. Lat. 22 35', 
long. 87 30'. 

ANUPGARH (ANOPGURH). Town in Bikaner State, Rajputana. 
Lat 29 14', long. 73 26'. 

ANUPSHAHR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name), in 
Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 21', long. 78 18' 55". Pop. 
(1881), 8234. Area of tahsil, 448 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 213,294. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 67,820. 

ANWARGANJ. Thana in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
26,905. 

ANWULKHERA or UMURKHERA. Town in Agra district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 27 19', long. 78 12'. 

AONGTHA. Town in Independent Burma. Lat. 22 39', long. 
94 58'. 

AONLA (AONLAGANJ, AOUNLAH). Town (in tahsil of same 
name) in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 16' 25", long. 79 12' 
25". Pop. (1881), 13,108. On a branch of the river Aril. Area of 



30 A0ff ATU 

tahsil, 308 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 197,636. Also thana" in same 
district. Pop. (1881), 69,353. And pargana. Pop. (1881), 81,808. 

AOTJGASL Town in Banda, N W.P. Lat. 25 40', long. 80 50'. 

ACTING or AUN. Village in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 9', 
long. 80 38'. 

AOTJNLAH. See AONLA. 

API. Town in Nepal State. Lat. 30, long. 81. 

APPARATJPETT. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat! 19 16', long. 
78 14'. 

APPECHERLTI (APPICHERLA). Town in Bellary district, Madras. 
Pop. (1871), 3069. 

APPEKONDU (APPIKONDA, SOMES WARADTI). Tillage in Viza- 
gapatam district, Madras. Lat. 17 40', long. 83 25'. Pop. 753. 

APPUSHETTALLI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 44. 

APPUWA. Village in Arakan, British Burma. Lat. 20 50', long. 
93 1'. 

APTA. Town in Thana (Tanna) district, Bombay. Lat. 18 51', 
long. 73 12'. 

APTI Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 210. 

ARABTJL. "Waterfall in Kashmir State, on the Veshau, tributary of 
the Jhelum. Lat. 33 37', long. 74 52'. 

ARACHALTJR. Village in Coimbatore district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 
6599. 

ARACHL Town in Salem district, Madras. Lat. 11 7', long. 
78 30'. 

ARAIL. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Allahabad district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 25 25', long. 81 56'. Area of tahsil, 249 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
124,094. 

ARAKAN. Division of British Burma, situate between the sea and 
the Arakan Yoma Mountains ; it contains four districts Arakan Hill 
Tracts, Akyab, Kyouk-hpyu, and Sandoway, with an area of 14,526 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881),' 587,518. Headquarters of Commissioner are at 
Akyab. 

ARAKAN (CITY). See MKO-HOUNG. 

ARAKAN. lliver flowing into the Bay of Bengal, in lat. 2C 5', long. 
92 57'. 

ARAKAN HILL TRACTS. District in Arakan division, British 
Burma. Between lat. 20 44' 22 29', and long. 92 44' 93 52'. 
Area, 1015 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 14,499. Bounded on the north and 
east by unexplored regions towards Manipur and Independent Burma ; 
on the south by the Akyab district, on the west by the Chittagong dis- 
trict. The Kuladan, the chief river, is navigable 120 miles above Akyab, 
beyond which there are numerous rapids and shallows. The district, 
which was originally within the jurisdiction of Akyab, was made a 
separate division in 1865, and placed under a Superintendent, aided by an 
assistant. 

ARAKAN YOMA (or ROMA). Mountains separating Arakan 
division, British Burma, from Independent Burma. Highest peak, 
7100 feet. ' The chief pass, called Aeng, is upwards of 4000 feet in 
height. 



AEA AEG 31 

ARAL. River, by which Lake Manchhar discharges its waters into 
the Indus (in Karachi district). 

ARALLY. Tillage in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 852. 

ARAMBOL. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 2127. 

ARAMERL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 1108. 

ARAN. River extending about 100 miles through the Basim district, 
Berar, and falling into the Penganga at Chinta. 

ARANG. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces ; on the 
Mahanadi river. Pop. (1881), 4608. 

ARAPETTU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 314. 

ARARAT. Village in Champaran district, Bengal. Lat. 26 33' 30", 
long. 84 42' 15". About a mile south-west is a monolith of polished 
granite, on which are cut, in well-preserved letters, portions of Asoka's 
edicts ; the pillar is 36 feet high; diameter at the base, 4T8 inches, at 
the top, 37-6 inches. 

ARARIYA. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Purniah district, 
Bengal. Lat. 26 9' 15", long. 87 32' 56". Pop. (1872), 1498. Area 
of subdivision, 1044 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 401,679. Also thana. 
Area, 431 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 200,012. 

ARA8ALAR. A mouth of the Cauvery (Kaveri) in Tanjore district, 
Madras. Falls into the sea at Karikal. Lat. 10 55', long. 79 56'. 

ARASINAGTJPPE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 21. 

ARAUL. Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. Lat 27 8', long. 
78 45'. 

ARAUN. See Aulx. 

ARATA KURICHI (ARATACOORCHY). Town in Coimbatore 
district, Madras. Lat. 10 46' 30", long. 77 57'. Pop. (1871), 
10,764. 

ARATALLI HILLS. Range of mountains in Rajputana, traversing 
the Rajput States and the district of Ajmere-Mhairwara from south-west 
to north-east. Length of range, 300 miles ; breadth varying from six 
to 60 miles; average height, 1000-3000 feet, the highest point being 
Mount Abu (5650 feet), the summer residence of the Governor-General's 
Agent, Rajputana. 

ARATATTOKKALU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 613. 

ARATTJLLL See AEAVALLT. 

ARAWTJD. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay. Lat. 21 10', 
long. 75 39'. 

ARAZL Municipality in Karachi, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 26 28', 
long. 67 49'. Pop. (1872), 2039. 

ARGOT, NORTH. District in Madras; between lat. 12 21' 14 
10' 45", andlong.7814 / 45" 80 13'. Area, 1256 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
1,817,814. Bounded on the west by Mysore State, on the south by 
Salem, on the east by Chingleput, and on the north by Cuddapah and 
JSTellore. The chief mountains are the Eastern Ghats, the Nagari Hills, 
the Jawadi range. The principal river is the Palar. Chief town, 
Tellore; Wallajapet and Arcot are also cities of note. The district, 
which passed into the possession of the British between the years 1792- 
1801, is administered by a Collector-Magistrate, and staff. 



32 ARC ABI 

ARGOT. Town (in taluk of same name) in North Arcot district, 
Madras, included in the cession of the Carnatic to the British in 
1801. Lat, 12 55' 23", long. 79 24' 14". Pop. (1881), 10,718. 
Historically famous, especially for the defence by Clive in 1751. 
The railway station of Arcot is five miles distant. The European 
station is called Ranipet. The Prince of Arcot is the first native noble- 
man in Madras, and has a salute of 15 guns. Pop. of taluk (1871), 
157,391. 

ARCOT, SOUTH. District in Madras; between lat. 11 10' 30" 
12 38' 30", and long. 78 33' 30" 80 2' 15". Area, 4873 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 1,814,738. Bounded on the north by Chingleput and 
North Arcot districts, on the east by the sea, on the south by Trichi- 
nopoli district, and on the west by Salem district. The chief mountains 
are the Kalniyan and Jawadi ranges. Chief rivers, the Coleroon, Yellar, 
and Paravanar. Chief town, Cuddalore ; also Chidamburam and Porto 
Novo. In the eighteenth century South Arcot was the scene of the 
memorable struggles between the French and English forces ; indeed, in 
1758, Cuddalore and other towns were more than once captured by the 
former power, and recovered again by the British. Pondicherri, which 
at the time was in the hands of the East India Company, was restored to 
the French in 1785, and remains to this day one of their possessions 
in the East. The district is administered by a Collector and Magistrate, 
with the usual staff. 

ARCTJLGODE. See AKKALGAD. 

ARDABAK. Village in Twenty-four arganas district, Bengal. 

ARDANJL Town inTanjore district, Madras. Lat. 10 1 1', long. 79 3'. 

ARDYSIR. Town in Cutch State, Bombay. Lat. 23 38', long. 
70 50'. 

AREHALLL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 60. 

AREKADU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 580. 

AREYUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 80. 

ARGAUM. Town in Akola district, Berar. Lat. 21 2', long. 77 2'. 
Kear here, Sir A. "Wellesley (afterwards Duke of Wellington) defeated 
the Marhattas on 28th Nov. 1803. A medal commemorative of this 
campaign was struck in 1851. 

ARHAR NARWARGAON. Town in Chanda district, Central 
Provinces. Pop. (1881), 2035. 

ARIADAHA. Village in Twenty-four Parganas, Bengal. Lat. 
22 40', long. 88 25'. 

ARIAKOD. Town in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 11 14' 10", 
long. 76 3' 21". Pop. (1871), 5089. Situated on the south bank of the 
Beypore river. 

ARIAKTJPTIM. Fort in the French territory of Pondicherri, in South 
Arcot district, Madras ; situated 1 J mile south-west of the town in 
question. Lat. 11 53', long. 79 42'. 

ARIAL KHAN. River of Bengal, between lat. 22 37' 30"- 
23 26', and long. 90 7' 30" 90 33' 45", in Fandpur and Bakarganj 
districts. 

ARIANCTJPAN. See AEIIKUPTJM. 

ARIANKAVTJ. Village, pass, and shrine in Travancore State, 
Madras. Lat. 8 58' 45", long. 77 11' 15". 






ARI ARO 33 

ARIAPAD. Shrine in Travancore State, Madras, to which devotees 
repair annually in April. Lat. 9 17', long. 76 29' 51". 

ARI JAIL Village in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 27 
24', long. 68 9'. 

ARING or ATJRTTNG. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. The 
scene of Holkar's defeat by the British under General Lake, on 7th Oct. 
1804. Lat. 27 29', long. 77 36'. 

ARING. Thana in Muttra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 18,974. 

ARIPADGA. Town in Arakan, British Burma. Lat. 21 6', long. 
92 33'. 

ARIPUR or HARIPUR. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Lat. 
25 49', long. 84 2'. 

ARISILLAR. See AKASALAR. 

ARJL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 997. 

ARJITNL Estate in the Bhandara district, Central Provinces (10 
villages). Area, 21 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1516. 

ARJTTNPTJR. Village between llardoi district, Oudh, and Farrukh - 
abad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1869), 2469. 

ARKAIRY. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 16 50', long. 77 6'. 

ARK AL GAD. Town and municipality in Hassan district, Mysore 
State. Lat. 12 46', long. 76 5' 40". Pop. (1871), 3923. 

ARKANAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 25. 

ARK AV ATI. River in Mysore State, falling into the Cauvery 
(Kaveri). 

ARKONAM (ARCONUM). Town in North Arcot district, Madras. 
Lat. 13 5' 15", long. 79 42' 56". Pop. (1881), 3220. The junction 
station of the South- West, North- West, and Carnatic Railways. 

ARMEGHON (ARMAGON, ARMEGON, ARTJMTJG AM). Shoal 
and lighthouse on the coast of Madras, Nellore district. Lat. 13 53', 
long. 80 17'. Scene of early English settlement. The lighthouse is 
75 feet above high-water mark, being visible for more than twelve miles. 
See DFBGARAZAPATAM. 

ARMORI. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces, on the Wain- 
ganga river. Pop. (1881), 5584. 

ARMOYAMCOTTA. - Town in Madura district, Madras. Lat. 9 40', 
long. 78 56'. 

ARNALA (ARN ALL A) .Island in Tanna district, Bombay, off the 
Waitarna river. The fort, then held by the Marhattas, was besieged by 
General Godclard in 1781. 

ARNATMANGALAM. Village in Madura district, Madras, inhabited 
by a peculiar race of people known as Arambukutan Vallalas. 

ARNL Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 20 4', long. 78 4'. 

ARNI. Town (in jagir of same name) in North Arcot district, Madras. 
Lat. 12 40' 23", long. 79 19' 31". Pop. (1881), 4812. Area of jagir, 
103,961 acres. Pop. (1871), 77,679. The town formerly contained a fort, 
now in ruins, which was stormed by Clive in 1751, while later in 1782 
Sir Eyre Coote defeated the Mysoreans, aided by the .French under the 
celebrated Lally. 

AROR. Ruined town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay, formerly 
the capital of the Hindu Rajas of Sind. There is a mosque, which is 
still an object of veneration. Lat. 27 0' 39", long. 68 59'. 



34 ARP ARY 

ARPALLI. Pargana in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; between 
lat. 19 28' 15" 19 49' 45", and long. 79 48' 15" 80 11' 30". Area, 
440 sq. miles. 

ARPEILLL See AEPALLI. 

ARRACAN. See ABAKAN. 

ARRAH. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name), and 
headquarters of Shahabad. A station on the E.I.R. Lat. 25 33' 46", 
long. 84 42' 22". Pop. (1881), 42,998. Noteworthy as the scene of a 
gallant defence during the mutiny of 1857, when a few Englishmen, with 
a handful of Sikhs, held two buildings against the rebels for eight days, 
till relieved by Vincent Eyre. Area of subdivision, 915 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 700,273. Also thana, Area, 354 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
324,902. 

ARRAH CANAL. Branch of the Son Canal system in Shahabad 
district, Bengal ; 55 miles in length. 

ARRIATUR. To\vn in Trichinopoli, Madras. Lat. 1 1 8', long. 79 8'. 

ARRULL. Town in Cutch State, Bombay. Lat. 23 26', long. 69 II 7 . 

ARSIKERE. Village in Hassan district, Mysore State, containing 
numerous temples. Lat. 13 18' 38", long. 76 17' 41". 

ARUA. See OOMRAWDH. 

ARUL. A watercourse, or channel, in Sind, Bombay, proceeding from 
the south-eastern part of Lake Manchur (an expansion of the Narra), and 
discharging its water into the Indus, on the western side, about four 
miles below Sehwan, after a course of upwards of twelve miles. It falls 
into the Indus in lat. 26 24', long. 67 55'. 

ARIIN. River of Thibet and Nepal, falls into the Kusi. Its course 
is about 310 miles. 

ARTJNDANGI. Ancient fort and territory in Madura district, Madras ; 
in early times a place of considerable importance. 

ARUNDAWULL. Town in Jaipur State, Vizagapatam district, 
Madras. Lat. 18 24', long. 82 12'. 

ARUNG. Town in Eaipur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 21 11', 
long. 82. 

ARUPPTJKOTAL Town in Madura district, Madras. Pop. (1881), 
10,831. 

ARUVATTAKLTT. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 328. 

ARVALEM. Village in Bicholm district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 374. 

ARVI. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name) in 
Wardha district, Central Provinces. Lat. 20 59' 45", long. 78 16' 16". 
Pop. (1881), 8072. Contains a shrine at which both Hindus and Mu- 
hammadans worship. Area of subdivision, 877 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
121,136. 

ARWAL. Thana in Gaya district, Bengal. Area, 224 sq. miles 
Pop. (1881), 110,435. 

ARWAL. Village in Gaya district, Bengal. Lat. 25 14' 43", long. 
84 42' 30". Formerly the centre of paper manufacture. 

ARWAL. Village in Hardoi district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2242. 

ARWAPULLL Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 1 7 20', long. 79 34'. 

ARWL See ARVI. 

ARYALUR. Town in Trichinopoli district, Madras. Lat. 11 8' 20", 



ART ASK 35 

long. 79 6' 40". Pop. (1881), 5871. Headquarters of a Deputy Collector 
and Assistant Magistrate. 

ASADPTJR. Pargana in Budaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
61,238. 

ASAISH (ASAYASH, called also KAHISH). Village in TJnao 
district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 1815. 

ASAMAU or HUSESMAU. Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 26 15', long. 79 55'. 

AS ANSOL. Village in Bardwan District, Bengal. Lat. 23 42', long. 
87 1'. Railway station on the East Indian Railway. Area, 272 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 98,842. 

ASARUR Village in Gujranwala district, Punjab, containing a large 
mound, with ancient ruins. 

ASASUNI. Village in the district of the Twenty-four Parganas, 
Bengal. The scene of an annual fair. Lat. 22 33', long. 89 13'. 
Area, 137 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 62,412. 

ASERGARH. Town in JN T imar district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2437. 

ASHE-MYOTTK. Township in Tavoy district, British Burma. Pop. 
18,061. 

ASHE-TOTJNG. Township in Tavoy district, British Burma. Pop. 
17,943. 

ASHTA. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 19 22', long. 76 19'. 

ASHTA. Town in Bhopal State. Lat. 23, long. 76 41'. Pop. 
(1881), 5793. 

ASHTA. Municipal town in Satara district, Bombay, where an annual 
fair is held every June, at which upwards of 5000 persons assemble. Lat. 
lb 57', long. 74 27' 5". Pop. (1881), 9548. 

ASHTAGRAM. Division in Mysore State, containing two districts, 
Mysore and Hassan. Between lat. 11 40' 13 33', and long. 75 31' 
77 27'. Area, 4859 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,448,372. 

ASHTEH. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 18 49', long. 75 15'. 

ASHTI or ASHTA. Town in Sholapur district, Bombay. Lat. 17 
50', long. 75 29'. 

ASHTI. Town in "Wardha district, Central Provinces. Lat. 21 12', 
long 78 13' 30". Pop. (1881), 5245. 

ASHWAPUR. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 17 50', long. 
80 54'. 

ASHWARAUPETTA. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 17 15', 
81 11'. 

ASIRGARH. Fortress in Mmar district, Central Provinces, situate 
on a spur of the Satpura range. It stands at an elevation of 850 feet, 
and is a place of great strength : it fell, however, into the hands of 
General Wellesley in 1803, when it was restored to Sindhia; it was 
again recaptured in 1819, after a siege of twenty days. It is now 
garrisoned by British troops. Lat. 21 28' 19", long. 76 20' 9". 

ASIWAN. Town in Unao district, Oudh, in pargana of the same 
name. Lat. 26 48' 35", long. 80 29' 40". Pop. (1869), 5817. Area 
of pargana, 100 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 60,119. 

ASKA (ASIKA). Town (in an estate of the same name) in Ganjam 
district, Madras. Lat. 19 36' 35", long. 84 42' 6". Pop. (1881), 3909. 



36 ASK ASS 

In the town there are large sugar -works, under English supervision, 
employing upwards of 1000 hands. 

ASKOT. Town in Kumaun district, N.AV.P. Lat. 29 46', long. 80 22'. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 8637. 

ASMAH. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal. Lat. 24 53', long. 
90 53'. 

ASMOLL Thana in Moradabad district, 1ST.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
66,651. 

ASOHA. Village in Unao district, Oudh. Lat. 26 38', long. 80 
56'. Pop. (1862), 1251, with only one Muhammadan. 

ASOHA PARS AND AN. Pargana in Unao district, Oudh. Area, 
44 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 20,242. 

ASOPHGARH. Village and fort in Bijnaur district, KW.P. Lat. 
29 45', long. 78 15'. 

ASOTHAR. Thana in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
18,594. 

ASPERI. Town in Bellary district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 1772. 
Railway station on the Madras Railway. 

ASPUR. Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 26', long. 
79 33'. 

ASSAGAO. Village in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 3356. 

ASSAM. An extensive province at the north-eastern extremity of 
India, consisting of the valleys of the Brahmaputra and the Barak or 
Surma with the mountains between. Between lat. 23 58' 30" 28 17', 
and long. 89 46' 97 5'. Area, 46,341 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
4,881,426. Headquarters and residence of the Chief Commissioner, 
Shillong, in the Khasi Hills. Assam is bounded on the north by the 
Himalaya Mountains, the frontier tribes from west to east being suc- 
cessively Bhutias, Akas, Daphlas, Miris, Abars, and Mishmis ; on the 
north-east by the Mishmi Hills, around the head of the Brahmaputra 
valley ; on the east by unexplored mountain regions on the frontier of 
Independent Burma, by the Naga Hills, and Manipur State ; on the 
south by the Lushai Hills, Hill Tipperah State, and the Tipperah district ; 
on the west by Maimansinh and Rangpur districts, Kuch Behar State, 
and Jalpaiguri district. Assam, which was ceded to the British by the 
treaty of Yandabu on 24th Feb. 1826, was, together with other districts, 
constituted into a separate Province under the control of a Chief Com- 
missioner in 1874. The chief industry is the cultivation of tea, of which 
not less than 19,000,0001bs. are produced annually. 

ASSANPUR. Thana in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Area, 19 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 16,116. 

ASS APUR Town in Indore State, Central India Agency. Lat. 22 
18', long. 75 39. 

ASSAYE. Village in Haidarabad State, close to the Berar frontier. 
Lat. 20 15' 15", long. 75 56' 15". Scene of battle (23rd September, 
1803), in which Sir A. Wellesley (afterwards Duke of Wellington) de- 
feated the Marhattas under Sindhia and Raghaji Bhonsla. A me.dal was 
struck in 1851, to commemorate this triumph. 

ASSEAGAUM. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 20 9', long. 
77 22'. 



ASS ATH 37 

ASSIA. Hills in Cuttack district, Bengal, containing some famous 
relics of antiquity. 

ASSIRGTJRH. See ASIRGAEH. 

ASSODEM. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 81. 

ASSOLDA. Village in Quepeni district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 704. 

ASSOLNA. Village in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 3856. 

ASSONORA. Village in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 2907. 

ASSURILLL Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 18 40', long. 80 13'. 

ASSYE. See ASSAYE. 

ASUN. River in Dehra Dun district, N.W.P., falling into the Jumna 
on the left side, a short distance below Raj ghat. The source is in lat. 
30 20', long. 78 4', at an elevation of 2148 feet above the sea. The 
confluence is in lat. 30 26', long. 77 43'. 

ASUN or AHSIN. River in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. 
It joins the Kuari, which, sixty-five miles lower down, falls into the 
river Sindh. The total length of course of the Asun is about eighty miles. 

ASURGARH FORT. Ruins in Purniah district, Bengal. 

ATA. Tahsil of Jalaun district, N.W.P., between the Jumna and the 
Betwa. Area, 444 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 82,003. 

ATA. Thana in Jdlaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 18,006. 

ATAK. Town, municipality, and fort (in tahsil of same name) in 
Rawal Pindi district, Punjab. Lat. 33 53' 15", long. 72 16' 45". 
Pop. (1881), 4210. The fort is on a height over the Indus, opposite its 
junction with the Kabul river. The communication across the Indus is 
maintained by a bridge of boats for eight months in the year, and for the 
remaining four by a ferry. Area of tahsil, 568 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
138,752. 

ATAL. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 616. 

ATALMALICA. Town in Keunjhar State. Orissa, Bengal. Lat. 
21 14', long. 85 12'. 

ATARI. Village in Multan district, Punjab, with interesting ruins. 

ATARSTIMBA. District in Amreli division, Baroda State. Area, 
90 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 27,847. 

ATASARAI. Village in P;.tna district, Bengal. Centre of the 
tobacco trade of Behar. Lat. 25 9', long. 85 13'. Pop. (1872), 4621 . 

ATCHAVERAM. Village in Tanjore district, Madras. Lat. 10 38', 
long. 79 34' 15". Pop. (1871), 1667. A place of historical importance 
during the middle of the eighteenth century. 

ATCHIPORE. See ACHIPUR. 

ATEHA. Pargana in Partabgarh district, Oudh. Area, 79 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 45,152. 

ATER. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency, on the right 
bank of the Chambal. Lat. 26 44', long. 78 43'. 

ATGAON. Chiefship in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 11,833. 

ATH AR AB AI7KA. River, in the Twenty four Parganas district, 



38 ATH ATM 

Bengal. "With other rivers it forms the Matla River, and falls into the 
Bay of Bengal under that name. 

ATHARABANKA. Eiver in Jessor district, Bengal, twenty miles in 
length. 

ATHARA MURA. Hills in Hill Tipperah State, Bengal. Lat. 
23 25' 24, long. 91 43'. 

ATHARBAN. Pargana in Allahabad district, 1ST.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
44,653. 

ATHAY GYI. Eevenue circle in Bassein district, British Burma. 
Area, 15 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 1542. 

ATHBARCEM. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 1326. 

ATHGrARH. State in Orissa, between lat. 20 25' 35" 20 41' 35", 
and long. 84 34' 25" 85 54'. Area, 168 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 31,079. 
Bounded on the north by Dhenkanal State ; on the east by Cuttack 
district ; on the south by the Mahanadi river ; and on the west by the 
Tigaria and Dhenkanal States. 

ATHGA.RH, Village in the state of the same name, containing the 
Raja's residence. Lat. 20 31' 30", long. 85 40' 31". 

ATHGATH. Town in Agra district, KW.P. Lat. 26 47', long. 
78 47'. 

ATHG AW AN. Pargana in Benares district, N.AV.P. Pop. (1881), 
25,419. 

ATHIR ALA. Shrine on the Cheyair river, Cuddapah district, Madras, 
having a small endowment ; the pond in this temple is deemed peculiarly 
holy, and during the festival of Sivaratri, held in February, many pilgrims 
repair to the spot. 

ATHMALLIK. Tributary State in Orissa, Bengal; between lat. 
10 36' 55" 21 5' 30", and long. 84 18' 20" 84 50' 30". Area, 730 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 21,774^ Bounded on the north by Radhakol 
State, Central Provinces ; on the east by Angul State, Bengal ; on the 
south by the Mahanadi river and Bod ; and on the west by Sonpur and 
Kadhakol States, Central Provinces. The Chief pays a tribute of 48 to 
the British Government. 

ATHNI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Belgaum district, 
Bombay. Lat. 16 43' 45", long. 75 6' 30". Pop. (1881), 11,186. 
A centre of trade, and chief rural market in Belgaum. Area of sub- 
division, 787 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 105,961. 

ATHTIT. Revenue circle (also river) in Bassein district, British 
Burma. Area, 84 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 4528. 

ATHTIT. River in Bassein district, British Burma. 

ATIA. Subdivision of Maimansirih district, Bengal, between lat. 
23 57' 30" 24 49', and long. 89 43' 90 16' 15". Area, 1061 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 754,241. 

ATKA. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Lat. 24 6', long. 
85 49'. 

ATMAKUR Taluk in Nellore district, Madras. Area, 618 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1871), 103,802. A centre of the indigo trade; also contains some 
fine temples and mosques. 

ATMAKUR. Town (in taluk of same name) in Nellore district, 
Madras. Pop. (1871), 3424. 






ATX ATT 39 

ATNER. Town in Betiil district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 2429. 

ATOLA. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 580. 

ATORNL Tillage in Agra district, N. W.P. Lat. 27 13', long. 77 58'. 

AT-PADI. Town in the State of Aundh, Satara district, Eombay. 
Lat. 17 25' 25", long. 74 59'. Pop. (1872), 6531. 

ATP ARL Town in Satara district, Bombay. Lat. 17 26', long. 
75. Pop. (1881), 5841. 

ATKAFA BALD A. District in Haidarabad State. Area, 3438 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 379,748. 

ATRAI. River flowing through Dinajpur, Rajshahi and Pabna 
districts, Bengal, for a distance of about 250 miles ; finally joius the 
Ganges in the latter district, under the name of the Bnral. 

ATRANJI KHERA. Mound in Etah district, N.W.P. ; abounding in 
ancient coins and sculptures. Lat. 27 40', long. 78 45' 15". 

ATRAUBA TELHENL Town in Azamgarh district, KW.P. Lat. 
26 20', long. 82 56'. 

ATRAULA. Tahsil in Gonda district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 556,729. 

ATRAULA. Thana in Gonda district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 122,596. 

ATRAULI. Municipal town (in tahsi'l of same name) in Ah'garh 
district, KW.P. Lnt. 28 1' 50", long. 78 19' 40". Area, 163 acres. 
Pop. (1881), 14,374. Area of tahsil, 226,371 acres. Pop. (1881), 
146,536. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 72,574. 

ATRAULI. Town in Hardoi district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2651. 

ATRAULI. Town in Gonda district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 5825. 

ATRAULI. Thana in Ah'garh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 57.831. 

ATRAULI. Thana in Hardoi district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 71,715. 

ATRAULIA. Thana in Azamgarh district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
79,153. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 96,026. 

ATRAULIA. Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 17', 
long. 88 1'. 

ATRI. Tillage and police station in Gaya district, Bengal. Lat. 24 55' 
5", long. 85 1 7' 40". Police force, one sub-inspector and nine constables. 

ATROWLL See ATRAULI. 

ATSANTA. Town in Godavari district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 5846. 

A-TSI. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 1185. 

ATTA. Town in Jalaun district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 3', long. 79 40'. 

ATTAIA. See ATIA. 

ATTANAGAR. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh. Lat. 26 6', 
long. 81 20'. 

ATTARAN. Kiver in Amherst district, British Burma. Falls into 
the Maulmain river in lat. 16 31', long. 97 44', about three miles above 
the town of Maulmain. 

ATTARAN. Town in Amherst district, British Burma. Lat. 16 9', 
long. 98 10'. 

ATTARL Tillage in Amritsar district, Punjab. Pop. (1868), 2591. 
Station on Sind, Punjab, and Delhi Railway. 

ATTAS ARAL Thana in Patna district, Bengal. Area, 117 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 78,932. 

ATTAURL See ATT!BI. 



40 ATT 

ATTIKUPPA. Village and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Hassan district, Mysore State. Lat. 12 41', long. 76 33'. Pop. (1871), 
1616. Area of taluk, 371 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 46,182. 

ATTILL Town in Godavari district, Madras. Lat. 16 41' 10", long. 
81 38' 36". Pop. (1871), 5878. 

ATTOCK. See ATAK. 

ATTRL See ATRAI. 

ATTRL Thana in Gaya" district, Bengal. Area, 172 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 78,516. 

ATTURU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 379. 

ATTURNALLUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 344. 

ATTIK. Town in Bahawalpur State, Punjab. Lat. 29 25', long. 
71 20'. 

ATUR. Town (in taluk of the same name) in Salem district, Madras. 
Captured by the British in 1768. Lat. 11 35' 50", long. 78 39'. Pop. 
(1881), 8334. Area of taluk, 780 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 164,006. 
There is a shrine of great sanctity, known as the pagoda of Kari 
Raman. 

ATUR. Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Lat. 8 37' 30", long. 
78 6' 30". Pop. (1881), 5744. 

ATTJR. Town in Madura district, Madras. Lat. 10 16', long. 
77 53'. Pop. (1871), 7206. 

ATURLI. Village in Bicholm district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 172. 

ATUVA. Town in Vizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 17 59', long. 
83 10'. 

ATWA PIPARIA. Pargana in Kheri district, Oudh, between the 
Kathna and Gumti rivers, in possession of Paida Husain Khan. Area, 
64 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 10,575. 

AUCIMUDI. Plateau in the Anamalai Hills, Coimbatore district, 
Madras. Average height above the sea, 7000 feet. 

AUCKLAND BAY. Bay on the coast of Mergui district, British 
Burma. The entrance is surrounded by islands and rocks, forming the 
Mergui Archipelago. The centre of the bay is in lat. 12 10', long. 
98 30'. 

ATJGHAD. Petty State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay. Lat. 23 55' 40", 
long. 72 13' 30". Area, 2 sq. miles. The Chiefs, six in number, pay a 
tribute of 1 74 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

ATTKLAH. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 20 8', long. 78 19'. 

AULAPOLAI or ALEPPI.-See ALLKPPI. 

AULATODDL - Town in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 
12 20', long. 75 16'. 

ATJL (RAJABARI). Thana in Cuttack district, Bengal. Area, 388 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 91,015. 

AULDAN. Thana in Jhansi district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 13,724. 

AUNDH. State (with capital of same name) in the Satara Agency, 
Bombay. Area, 447 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 58,916. Lat. of town, 17 
32' 45", long. 74 22' 30". 

AUNDHL Chief ship in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Area, 
81 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1066. 

AUNG. Thana in Fatohpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 23,605. 



ATJR AUT 41 

AURADA. A subdivision of the Jaipur Agency, Vizagapatam district, 
Madras. 

ATTRACT RIVER. A feeder of the Mahanadi, rising in lat. 21 20', 
long. 82 43', flowing in an easterly direction for 100 miles. 

AURAIYA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Etawah district, 
KW.P. Lat. 26 28', long. 79 33' 15". Area, 93 acres. Pop. (1881), 
7299. Area of tahsil, 306 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 117,980. 

AURAIYA. Thana in Etawah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 44,141. 

AURANGABAD. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. The scene of 
the capture of a British convoy by the Marhattas in 1804. Lat. 27 26', 
long. 77 47'. 

AURANGABAD. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Lat. 
24 37', long. 88 2'. 

AURANGABAD. City in Haidarabad State. Lat. 19 54', long. 
75 22'. Pop. (1881), 30,219. Contains a beautiful Mausoleum, built 
by the Emperor Aurungzeb over the remains of a favourite daughter. 
The division of the same name in which the city is situate contains an 
area of 6159 sq. miles, and a pop. (1881) of 356,777. 

AURANGABAD. Village (in subdivision of same name) in Gaya 
district. Lat. 24 45' 3", long. 84 25' 2". Area of subdivision, 1246 
pq. miles. Pop. (1881), 445,641. Also thana. Area, 667 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 225,429. 

AURANGABAD. Pargana in Kheri district, Oudh ; bounded on the 
north by Magdapur pargana, on the east by the Kathna river, on the 
south by Sultanpur district, and on the west by the Gumti river. Area, 
116 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 32,853. 

AURANGABAD. Town in Kheri district, Oudh. Lat. 27 47', long. 
83 27'. Pop. (1869), 2842. 

AURANGABAD. Pargana, Sitapur district, Oudh ; bounded on the 
north by Misrikh pargana, on the east by Kurauna pargana, and on the 
south and west by the Gumti river, which separates it from Hardoi 
district. Area, 60'sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 21,057. 

AURANGABAD. Town (in pargana of same name) in Sitapur district, 
Oudh. Pop. (1869), 3000. Bi-weekly market. 

AURANGABAD. Thau a in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 27.705. 

AURANGABAD SAYYID. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 5210. Founded in A.D. 1704 by Sayyid Abdul, whose tomb 
is still the centre of a religious fair. 

AURAS. Village in Unao district, Oudh. Lat. 26 54', long. 80 
33'. Pop. (1869), 1377. Bi-weekly market. 

AURUNG. See ARAN. 

AURUNGABAD. See ATJRANGABAD. 

AUSGRAM. Village in Bardwan district, Bengal. Lat. 23 31' 15", 
long. 87 42' 35". Area, 169 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 97,311. 

AUTANCURRAL Town in Madura district, Bengal. Lat. 9 20', 
long. 79 4'. 

AUTERIAH. Town in Mandla district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
22 23', long. 81 26'. 

AUTGAUN. Town in native State of Patna, Central Provinces. 
Lat. 20 40', long. 83 39'. 



42 AUT AYE 

AUTGI7RH. See ATHGARH. 

AUTMALLIK. See ATHMAXLIK. 

ATJTUNKITLL. Town in Travancore State, Madras. Lat. 8 41', long. 
76 52'. 

ATJTUR. See ATTJR. 

AVA. Formerly the capital of the "Burmese empire, situate on the left 
hank of the Irawadi. Lat. 21 52', long. 97 I'. The city was founded 
in 1364, and remained the capital till 1783, a position which it again 
filled from 1822 to 1837-38. 

AVANDL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 27. 

AVANDUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop (1881), 222. 

AVANI. Sacred village in Kolar district, Mysore State. Lat. 
13 6' 20", long. 78 23' 20". 'Pop. (1871), 190. A festival is held 
annually in honour of the God Rama, when upwards of 40,000 persons 
are present, some to pay their devotions, others to see the cattle -fair 
which takes place at the same time. 

AVANJAH. Town in Haidaiabad State. Lat. 16 42', long. 
78 19'. 

AVATI or AHTITL Village in Kolar district, Mysore State. Lat. 
13 18', long. 77 48'. Pop. (1871), 1314. 

AVEDDEM. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 716. 

AVINASHL Town in Coimhatore district, Madras. Lat. 11 11' 30'', 
long. 77 18' 45". Pop. (1871), 1019. 

AVINASL See AviNism. 

AVRED ALII. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 105. 

AVUDERCOVIL. Town in Tanjore district, Madras. Lat. 10 5', 
long. 79 5'. 

AVULAPALL Hills in Cuddapah district, Madras. The highest 
peak is 3850 feet above the level of the sea. 

AWA. Thana in Etah district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 28,278. 

AW AH. Town in the Agra district, KW.P. Lat. 27 27' 2", long. 
78 31' 47". Area, 134 acres. Pop. (1881), 5679. 

AWANPUR. Thana in Faridpur district, Bengal. Area, 156 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 100,257. 

AWEIN. Town in Amherst district, British Burma. Lat. 15 20', 
long. 98. 

AWITN. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 25 48', long. 75 47'. 

AYAGITDL See AYAKTJDI. 

AYAH. Town in Eatehpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 51', long. 
80 42'. 

AYAKOTTA. Town in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 10 37' 15", 
Jong. 76 31' 15". Pop. (1871), 7458. A place of great antiquity, and 
formerly of strategical importance. 

AYAKUDI. Town (in estate of same name) in Madura district, 
Madras. Lat. 10 26' 45", long. 77 35' 30". Pop. (1871), 11,365. 
Area of estate, 27,277 acres. Pop. (1871), 20,305. 

AYASAH. Pargana in Eatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
17,155. 

AYEWARRA. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. 
Lat. 22 33', long. 79 20'. 



AZU 43 

AYNUR. Town in Mysore State. Lat. 14, long. 75 31'. 

AYRWA. Town in Earrukhabad district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 54', 
long. 79 30'. 

AYYANKERE or DODDA MADAGA-KERE Lake in Kadur 
district, Mysore State, formed by embanking the Veda river. Circum- 
ference, seven miles. Capable of containing over 200,000 cubic feet of 
water. 

AZAMGARH. District of the Benares Division, KW.P. Between 
lat. 25 38' 26 17', and long. 82 42' 30" 84 9' 45". Area, 2147 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,604,654. Bounded on the north by the Gogra 
or Sarju river ; on the south by the Ghazipur district ; on the west by 
Oudh and Jaunpur district. Chief rivers, Gogra and Tons. Chief towns, 
Azamgarh and Man. This district, which was ceded to the British in 
1801, was the scene of a massacre of British Officers during the Mutiny 
of 1857. It is under the control of the Commissioner of Benares, but 
there is a Magistrate, Collector, and Staff. 

AZAMGARH. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 3' 2", long. 83 13' 20". Pop. 
(1881), 18,528. Headquarters of the district, on the river Tons. Area, 
325 acres. Pop. (1872), 15,770. Area of tahsil, 442 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 278,611. 

AZAMNAGAR. Pargana in Etah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
102,697. 

AZGURPUR. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 
12', long. 77 55'. 

AZIMABAD. Town in Karnal district, Punjab. Lat. 29 48', 
long. 77. 

AZIMABAD. See PATN!. 

AZIMGANJ. Village in MurshidaMd district, Bengal. Terminus of 
the Nalhati State Railway, and a centre of trade. Lat. 24 14' 20", 
long. 88 18' 1". 

AZIMGANJ. Village in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Lat. 24 7' 
20", long. 88 35' 46". 

AZIMGHUR. See AZAMGARH. 

AZIZPITR. Village in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 
27 52', long. 69 2'. 

AZMERIGANJ or AJMERIGANJ. Village in Sylhet district, 
Assam, on the Surma river, along which a large quantity of merchandize 
is transported. Lat. 24 33' 20", long. 91 16' 31". 

AZOEZPUR. Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 46', long. 
77 31'. 

AZOZZIM. Village in Ilhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 253. 

AZUMPUR. Town in Bijnaur district, KW.P. Lat. 29, long. 
78 14'. 



44 BAB BAG 



B 

BABA BTJDAN, or CHANDRA DRON A. Mountains in Kadur 
district, Mysore State. The first scene of coffee cultivation in India. 
Highest peak, Mulaina-giri, 6317 feet. 

BABAI. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 3818. 

BABAR. Tahsil in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 132,360. 

BABERTJ. Tahsil of 13anda district, N.W.P. Area, 364 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 85,229. 

BABHAR (BHABHAR). State (with chief town of same name) in 
Palanpur Agency, Bombay. Area, 80 sq. miles. Pop. (1875), 5659. 
Lat. of capital, 24 7', long. 71 43'. 

BABHNIPAIR. Pargana, Gonda district, Oudh. Area, 67 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1869), 31,029. The present chief is a minor. 

BABLA or DWARKA. Eiver watering the Santal Parganas, Birbhum 
and Murshidabad district, Lower Bengal. 

BABNABARL Village, Bardwan district, Bengal. 

BABRA. Town in Baroda State; distant south-west from Disa seventy 
miles. Lat. 23 50', long. 71 6'. 

BABRA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 298*7 sq. miles. Lat 
of capital (Babra) 21 51', long ; 71 21'. 

BABRIAWAR. Part of Kathiawar, Bombay. The district was named 
from the Babria tribe, who formerly possessed the adjacent districts Kathi- 
awar and Gohelwar. It lies between lat. 20 47' 21 10', long. 70 3'- 
71 33', and contains thirty-three subdivisions, seventy-one towns and 
villages, and a population estimated at 18,468. See JAFARABID. 

BABRIGOTE. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay ; on the 
left bank of the main branch of the river Indus, 30 miles south of 
Tatta. Lat. 24 20', long. 67 55'. 

BABUBTJND. Town in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces; on 
the route from Sambalpur to Nagpur, eleven miles west of the former. 
Lat. 21 22', long. 83 52'. 

BABTJLGAON. Tillage in Wun district, Berar. Lat. 20 33' 30", 
long. 78 12' 30". Large weekly cattle market. 

BACHHRAON. Town in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 55' 
45", long. 78 16' 55". Pop. (1881), 7046. 

BACHHRAON. Thana in Morudabad district, jST.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,025. 

BACHHRAWAN. Pargnna, Rae Bareli district, Oudh. Area, 94J- 
tq. miles. Pop. (1881), 44,697. 

BACHHRAWAN. Town in Eae Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
4934. Government school, and tri-weekly market. 

BACHHRAWAN. Thana in Rae Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
81,903. 

BACHIREDDIPALLEM. Town in Nellore district, Madras. Pop. 
3467. A considerable trade is carried on at this town, while an annual 
fair is held in April, when upwards of 8000 persons assemble together. 



BAG BAD 45 

BACHMAYL Village in Mainpuri district, KW.P. On the route 
from the cantonment of Aligarh to that of Mainpuri, and forty -nine miles 
south-east of the former. .Lat. 27 42', long. 78 50'. 

BACHTJNDA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana, distant south 
from Jodhpur 55 miles. Lat. 25 31', long. 73 10'. 

BACKERGITNGE. See B!KARGANJ. 

BACOTI or BTJKOTHE. Vilage in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on 
the route from the cantonment of Fatehgarh to that of Cawnpore, and 
36 miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 26 53', long. 80 6'. 

BADABANAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 50. 

BADAGA Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a population (1881) 
respectively of 485, 486, 579, and 643. 

BADAGARAKERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 369. 

BADAGARI (VADAKA-RARA). Town in Malabar district, Madras, 
Lat. 11 36', long. 75 37' 15". Pop. (1871), 7718. There is a fort, 
which was taken from Tippu Sultan in A.D. 1790 : it is now converted 
into a rest-house for pilgrims. Badagari is the headquarters of the taluk 
officials, and contains courts, jail, post office, etc. 

BADAHAN. Pargana in' Garhwal district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
25,692. 

BADAKHSHAN. Part of Afghan Turkistan ; its chief is a feudatory 
of the Amir of Kabul. Lat. (including Wakhan) 35 50' 38, long. 
69 30' 74 20'. The chief district is Faizabad. 

BADALGrACHI. Thana in Bogra district, Bengal. Area, 85 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 39,374. 

BADAMI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Kaladgi district, 
Bombay. The fort was taken by storm in 1818, by a detachment 
under Sir Thomas Munro. Distant 22 miles south-east of Kaladgi. 
Contains some interesting Jain and Brahmanical caves and temples. Lat. 
15 55', long. 75 45'. Area of subdivision, 676 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
89,047. 

BADANPUR. Town in Maihar State, Central India Agency; distant 
south-west from Rewah 40 miles. Lat. 24 9', long. 80 54'. 

BADANSA. Tahsil of Banda district, N.AV.P. Area, 348 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 79,939. 

BADAPTJLLI. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south-west from 
Haidarabad 49 miles. Lat. 16 45', long. 78 11'. 

BADARGANJ. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 40', 
long. 89 6'. 

BADARKA. Town in TJnao district, Oudh ; situate four miles east of 
the left bank of the Ganges, distant five miles east of Cawnpore, forty-two 
south-west of Lucknow. Lat. 26 28', long. 80 30'. 

BADERHAT. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal ; eleven miles 
west from Murshidabad. Lat. 24 16', long. 87 59'. 

BADGAON. Thana in Saharanpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
36,057. 

BADHAUL. Pargana in Benares district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
36,785. 

BADHI or BUDDIA. Village in Hindur State, Punjab. It is situate 
on the road leading from Piniaur to Malaun. Lat. 30 55', long 
76 53'. 



46 BAD 

BADIN or BADINO. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name), 
Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 24 38' 45", long. 68 53'. 
Pop. 978. Area of taluk, 795 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 51,593. 

BADINTT. Village in Bikaner State, Rajputana, on the route from 
"Hatangarh to the town of Bikaner, and thirty miles east of the latter. 
Lat. 27 54', long. 73 51'. 

BADIPTJDE. A portion of Nell ore district, Madras. 

BADLAPTJR. Thami in Jaunpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
75,635. 

BADLI. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab (formerly belonging to 
the Nawab of Jhajjar, whose territory was confiscated for rebellion at the 
time of the mutiny in 1857). Lat. 28 33', long. 76 51'. 

BADNERA. Town in Amraoti district, Berar. Lat. 20 51' 45", 
long. 77 46' 15". Pop. (1881), 6460. Is important for its cotton ware- 
houses, gins, and presses worked by steam-power, and as the despatching 
station of the Amraoti cotton to Bombay. 

BADNUE. Town in Betul district (Central Provinces), of which it is 
the headquarters. Lat. 21 54' 28", long. 77 56' 40". Pop. (1881), 
2881. The public buildings are the Commissioner's court-house,, the 
District court-house, the jail, the tahsil and police station-house, two 
Government schools for males and females respectively, the post office, 
dispensary, and Government central distillery, also a good sarai for native 
travellers, and a dak bungalow. 

BADO 8 ARAL Town (in pargana of same name) in Bara Banki 
district, Oudh, containing a shrine of great sanctity. Area of pargaua, 
48 sq miles. Pop. (1881), 27,648. 

BADOWAS. See BHARAWAS. 

BADRACHALAM. Town (in taluk of same name), Godavari district, 
Madras. Lat. 17 41', long. 81. Pop. (1871), 2000. As the head- 
quarters of the taluk it possesses subordinate courts, jail, police establish- 
ment, treasury, post office, etc. ; but the town is chiefly notable for the 
temple of Kamachandra, with its fine porch and 24 pagodas. The Nizam 
annually contributes 1300 towards maintenance of this sacred edifice, 
which during April is thronged with pilgrims. A considerable trade is 
carried on at this time. 

BADRAGOLA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 841. 

BADRAJ. A summit of the mountain bounding the Dehra Dun on 
the north, rises over the left bank of the Jumna, a short distance above 
its confluence with the Tons. Elevation above the sea, 7510 feet. Lat. 
30 29', long. 78 I'. 

BADRAJ DEVI. Halting-place in Dehra Dun district, N.W.P., on 
the ascent to the fort of Bairat, in the mountains between the rivers 
Jumna and Tons. Elevation above the sea, 6043 feet. Lat. 30 33', 
long. 77 56'. 

BADRAJ MASRAS. Mountain in Garhwal or Tehri State, N.W.P., 
on a ramification from the great Manin Peak between the Jumna and 
Bhagirathi. Elevation above the sea, 7344 feet. Lat. 30 32', long. 
78 7'. 

BADRIHAT or GHI AS AB AD. Police station on the right bank of 
the Bhagirathi, a few miles above Azimganj, in Murshidabad district, 
Bengal. Lat. 24 17' 30", long. 88 17'. Site of an ancient city. 



BAD BAF 47 

BADRINATH. Town and mountain in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Srinagar to the Mana Pass, 25 miles south of the 
latter, and 55 north-east of the former. It is situate on the right hank 
of the Vishnuganga, a feeder of the Alaknanda, in the middle of a valley 
about four miles long and one broad ; and is equidistant from two lofty 
mountains, one rising to the east, the other to the west. The temple of 
Bndrinath, situate in the highest part of the town, is of conical form, 
with a small cupola, covered with plates of copper, and surmounted by 
a golden ball and spire. The original establishment is reported to be 
of very great antiquity ; the present temple has, however, a modern 
appearance, several former ones having been overwhelmed by avalanches, 
and an earthquake having shaken the present erection so seriously as to 
render necessary an almost entire restoration. A short distance below 
the temple is a sacred tank about thirty feet square, covered with a roof 
of planks, supported on wooden posts. It is supplied from a thermal 
spring, and is annually visited by large numbers of pilgrims. Every 
twelfth year the festival known as " Kumbh Mela" is celebrated here, 
on which occasion upwards of 50,000 votaries bathe in the sacred tank. 
Lat. 38 44' 15", long. 79 30' 40". 

BADRPUR or BADARPTIR. Village in Sylhet district, Assam. 
Situated at the bifurcation of the Barak into the Surma and Kusiyara 
rivers. Lat. 24 52' 45", long. 92 37' 30". In the neighbourhood, a 
bathing festival is held in March, annually attended by 3000 persons, 
among whom are many itinerant traders. Just within the Cachar 
frontier are the Keatinge Sawmills, recently established by an English- 
man, and worked partly by water, partly by steam power. They manu- 
facture great numbers of tea boxes. 

BADRTJAH. Town in Baroda State, distant north from Baroda 19 
miles. Lat. 22 30', long. 73 10'. 

BADSHAHNAGAR or BADSHAHNAGUR. Town in Shahjahanpur 
district, N.W.P. ; on the route from Fatehgarh to JShahjahanpur, seven 
miles south of the latter. Lat. 27 48', long. 80. 

BADSHAHPTTR. Town (in pargana of same name) in Jaunpur 
district, JS T .W.P. ; on the route from Allahabad to Jaunpur, thirty 
miles north-east of the former, thirty-six south-west of the latter. Lat. 
25 40', long. 82 10'. Pop. (1881), 6423. 

BADSHAHPTJR. River in Gurgaon district, Punjab. 

BADULW ALA. Tillage in Hissar district, Punjab, near the southern 
frontier, towards Shekhawati. Lat. 28 49', long. 75 54'. 

BADURIA. Thana in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Area, 
169 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 130,205. 

BADTJRIA. Town in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. 
(1881), 12,981. 

BADVAIL. Town (in taluk of same name), Cuddapah district, 
Madras. Lat. 14 45', long. 79 6'. Pop. (1881), 8638. Area of taluk, 
755 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 93,051. An indigo-producing territory, 
possessing two of the finest tanks in those parts. 

BAFFA. Town and municipality in Hazara district, Punjab. 
Lat. 34 26' 30", long. 73 15' 15". Pop. (1881), 5410. Lies on 
the right bank of the Sirhan, in the northern corner of Pakhli 
plain. 



48 BAG- 

BAG AH A. Thana in Champaran district, Bengal. Area, 710 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 140,900. 

BAGALKOT. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Kaladgi district, 
Bombay ; situated on the river Ghatprabha, fifteen miles east of Kaladgi. 
Lat. 16 11' 50", long. 75 44' 50". Pop. (1881), 12,850. A place of 
considerable trade, with manufactures of silk and cotton goods ; sub- 
judge's court, post office, and dispensary. Area of subdivision, 683 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 96,156. 

BAGAPAR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P., thirty-two mil s 
north of Gorakhpur. Lat. 27 9', long. 83 35'. 

BAGASPTTR. Town in JSTarsinhpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2026. 

BAGASRA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Estimated revenue, 
10,000. A tribute of 255 is paid to the Gaekwar, and 154 to the 
Nawab of Junagarh. Area, 88-5 sq. miles. 

BAGASRA. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay. Lat. 21 29', long. 71. 
Pop. (1881), 7876. 

BAGDOGRA (NILPHAMARI). Subdivision in Eangpur district, 
Bengal. Area, 638 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 439,486. 

BAGDOGRA. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 5747. 

BAGEHWARI. Town in Sholapur district, Bombay ; on the route 
from Bijapur to Mudgul, twenty-six miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
16 33', long. 76 3'. 

BAGENAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 36. 

BAGEPALLI. Village and municipality in Kolar district, Mysore. 
Lat. 13 47' 15", long. 77 50' 31". Pop. (1871), 1441. 

BAGERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 106. 

BAGERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 20. 

BAGERTJ. River in Nellore district, Madras, joining the Perm er at 
Sangam. 

BAGESAR or BAGESTTR. Town in Kumaun district, K"W P., at 
the confluence of the rivers Sarju and Gomati. There are two consider- 
able fairs in the year for the purposes of the trade with Central Asia. 
According to native tradition, the inhabitants of this place and its vicinity 
are the descendants of Mughals, left in Kumaun by Tamerlane's orders ; 
and numerous tombs, substantially formed of large flat tiles, are, accord- 
ing to Traill, the memorials of that race. The elevation is something 
more than 3000 feet above the sea. Distance north-east of Almora 
17 miles; north-west from Calcutta, by Almora, 911 miles. Lat. 29 
49' 20", long. 79 47' 15". 

BAGEWADI. Subdivision in Kaladgi district, Bombay. Area, 761 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 86,743. 

BAGH River in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. 

BAGH. Town, Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Lat. 22 24', 
long. 74 52' 30". Celebrated for its Buddhist cave-temples, which date 
from A.D. 500 to 700. 

BAGHAL. A Punjab Hill State. Lat. 31 13', long. 77 1'. Pop. 
(1881), 20,633. Area, 124 sq. miles. The Raja, who pays a tribute of 
360 per annum to the British Government, has a small military force ; 
political relations with him are in the hands of the Superintendent of the 
Hill States. 



BAG 49 

BAGHAMPUR. Tillage in Lahore district, Punjab. Containing the 
celebrated Shalimar Gardens, laid out in the time of the Emperor Shah 
Jahan. Pop. (1868), 3214. 

BAGHAR (BAGHIAR). One of the mouths of the Indus, in Karachi 
district, Sind, Bombay. 

BAGHAT. A Punjab Hill State. Lat. 30 55', long. 77 7'. Area, 
36 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 8339. The Rana, who has a small force, 
pays a yearly tribute of 100 to the British Government. 

BAGHDANGA. Tillage in Jessor district, Bengal, noted for its 
pottery. Lat. 23 13', long. 89 12'. 

BAGHEL. Town in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. Distant south-east 
from Gorakhpnr 45 miles. Lat 26 22', long 83 57'. 

BAGHELKHAND. The territory of a number of States, collectively 
called the Baghelkhand Agency, in the Central India Agency. Between 
lat. 22 40' 2o 10', and long. 80 25' 82 45'. Bounded on the 
north by Allahabad and Mirzapur districts of the N.W.P., on the east 
by the tributary States of Chutia Nagpur, on the south by Bilaspur and 
Mandla districts, Central Provinces, and on the west by Jabalpur district 
and the States of Bundelkhand. Area 11,324 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
1,512,595. The States are Rewah, Nagode, Maihar, Sohawal, and 
Kothi. 

BAGHERA. Thana in Jhansi district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 13,961. 

BAGHERHAT. Tillage (in subdivision of same name) in Jessor 
district, Bengal. Lat. 22 40' 5", long. 89 49' 50". Contains numerous 
interesting ruins, amongst the number the tomb of Khan Jahan (A.D. 
1459), where a fair is held annually, and which is visited by pilgrims 
throughout the year. Area, 229 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 137,818. 
Area of subdivision, 680 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 299,513. 

BAGHERPARA. Thana in Jessor district, Bengal. Area, 105 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 63,902. 

BAGHIN. A small river rising in Bundelkhand, in the table-land 
surmounting the range of Panna, and in lat. 24 45', long. 80 23'. It 
takes a course north-east for about twenty miles, and falls over the brow 
of the ridge in a cascade, the elevation of which is estimated at 100 yards. 
Running north it enters the British district of Banda, and flows along the 
western base of Kalinjar ; a few miles beyond which it turns north-east, 
in which direction it continues until its fall into the Jumna on the right 
side, in lat. 25 33', long. 81 5'. Its total length of course is about 
ninety miles. 

BAGHJALA. Town and municipality in the district of the Twenty- 
four Parganas, Bengal. Lat. 22 47' 38", long. 88 47' 16". Pop. 
(1872), 9718. 

BAGHMARA. Thana in Rajshahi district, Bengal. Area, 142 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 121,581. 

BAGHMATL River of Nepal State and Muzaffarpur, Charnparan 
and Darbhangah districts, Bengal. It falls into the Buri Gandak. 

BAGHMATI, LITTLE. River of Muzaffarpur and Darbhangah 
districts, Bengal. It falls into the Baghmati. 

BAGHMUNDL Hills and table-land in Manbhum district, Bengal. 
The highest peak is Gangabari (lat. 23 12', long. 86 5' 30"). Also 
^ Area, 176 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 33,384. 



thana. 



50 BAG BAH 

BAGHNAGAR, (BAGNTJGAUR). Town in Gorakhpur district, 

N.W.P. ; on the route from Gorakhpur to Bansi, twenty-one miles 
north-west of the former. Lat. 26 54', long. 83 8'. 

BAGHONDL Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. It is situate 
in the fertile low country on the north or right bank of the Loni. Lat. 
25 56', long. 72 12'. 

BAGHPUT. See BAGPAT. 

BAGLI. State (with capital of same name) of the Indore Agency, 
Central India. Area, 300 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 14,645. The Thakur 
pays an annual tribute of 1647 to Maharaja Sinclhia. 

BAGLTJNG CHAUE-. A town in Nepal State, distant north-west 
from Khatmandu 137 miles. Lat. 28 23', long. 83 15'. 

BAGMUTTL See BAGHMATI. 

BAGNAN. Town in Hugli district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Calcutta to Midnapur, 25 miles west of the former. Lat. 22 28', long. 
88 1'. Alsothana. Area, 56 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 63,563. 

BAGNL A river of Bhutan, rising to the north of the main range of 
the Himalayas, about lat. 28 5', long. 89 31', and flowing in a southerly 
direction through Bhutan for 150 miles, joins the Gadadhar in lat. 
26 18', long. 89 50' ; the joint streams finally falling into the 
Brahmaputra. 

BAGNUGGUR. See BAKHIEA. 

BAGORE. Town in Udaipur State, Rajputana ; distant north-east 
from Udaipur sixty-seven miles. Lat. 25 20', long. 74 30'. 

BAGPAT. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name) in 
Meerut district, KW.P. Lat. 28 55' 50", long. 77 16' 5". Pop. 
(1872), 7367. Area of tahsil, 401 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 258,000: 

BAGPAT. Pargana in JVIeerut district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
111,572. 

BAGRASL Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Pop. (1872), 
4640. 

BAGROD. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Sagar to Asirgarh, thirty-nine miles south-west of former, 
245 north-east of latter. It has a bazar, and is provided with water 
from wells. Lat. 23 44', long. 78 13'. 

BAGUL or BHAGITL. See BAGHAL. 

BAGULA (BOGITLA). Tillage in JSadiya district, Bengal. Station 
on the Eastern Bengal Railway. 

BAGULKOTA. To>vn in Belgaum district, Bombay. Lat. 16 10', 
long. 75 46'. 

BAGUR. A hilly tract comprising the eastern part of Guzerat and the 
western of Malwa. 

BAGURPUR. Tillage in Moradabad district, KW.P. On the route 
from the town of Moradabad to Meerut, and twenty-three miles west of 
the former. Lat. 28 54', long. 78 29'. 

BAH. Tillage (in tahsil of same name) in Agra district, N.W.P. It 
is situate three or four miles from the right bank of the Jumna, forty 
miles south-east of Agra. Lat. 26 52', long. 78 40'. Pop. of tahsil 
(1881), 120,529. 

BAHA. Town in Agra district, N.W.P., sixteen miles south-west of 
the city of Agra. Lat. 27 2', long. 77 53'. 



BAH 51 

BAHADOORGURH. See BATTADTTEGAEK. 

BAHADURGANJ or BAHADURPUR. Town in Ghazipur district, 
N.W.P., on the route from Ghazipur cantonment to that of Gorakhpur. 
twenty-six miles north of the former, seventy-five south of the latter. 
It is situate on the right bank of the Tons (north-eastern), called in this 
part of its course the Sarju. Lat. 25 48', long. 83 21'. Pop. (1881), 
5007. 

BAHADURGANJ. Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Bareilly to Pithoragarh, and forty-two miles north- east of the former. 
Lat. 28 44', long. 79 53'. 

BAHADURGANJ. Town (and thana) in Purniah district, Bengal, 
thirty-six miles north-east from Purniah, sixty-nine miles north-west ,of 
Dinajpur. Lat. 26 12', long. 87 51'. Area of thana, 393 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 196,142. 

BAHADURGARH. Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 
1012. 

BAHADURGARH. Town and municipality in Eohtak district, 
Punjab. Lat. 28 40' 30", long. 76 57'. Pop. (1881), 6674. This 
territory was confiscated consequent on the rebellion of the chief in 
1857-8. 

BAHADURGARH. Town in Meerut district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Gurmuktesar to Anupshahr, and ten miles south of the former. 
Lat, 28 41', long. 78 13'. 

BAHADURGARH. Fort in Hindur State, Punjab ; on a lofty summit 
of the range stretching in the Cis Sutlej territory from north-west to 
south-east, in the eastern part of that state. Elevation above the sea, 
6233 feet. Lat. 31 13', long. 76 56'. 

BAHADUR KHEL. Salt mine in Kohat district, Punjab. Lat. 
33 10' 30", long. 70 59' 15". The quarries, which are sixty in number, 
extend over an area of four miles by a quarter of a mile. 

BAHADURPUR. Village in Ulwar State, Rajputana. On the route 
from Delhi to the town of Ulwar, and eleven miles north-east of the 
latter. The road to the north, or towards Delhi, lies through the 
Kishangarh Pass. Lat. 27 40', long. 76 48'. 

BAHADURPUR. Town in Baroda State, Bombay, south-east from 
Baroda twenty miles. Lat. 22 10', long. 73 30'. 

BAHADURPUR. Village in Mirzapur district, ST.W.P. On the 
right bank of the Ganges, fourteen miles north-west of Mirzapur, 735 
north-west of Calcutta by water, or 912 if the Sundarban passage be 
taken. Lat. 25 16', long. 82 22'. 

BAHADURPUR. Town in Baroda State, 150 miles west of Mhow. 
Lat, 22 9', long. 73 34'. 

BAHADURPUR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 
distant south from Gwalior 130 miles. Lat. 24 19', long. 78. 

BAHADURPUR. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. 
On the route from Etawah to Gwalior fort, sixty -seven miles south- 
west of former, seventeen north-east of latter. Lat. 26 16', long 
78 23'. 

BAHADURPUR. Village in Budaun district, KW.P. On the route 
from Aligarh to Moradabad, and thirty-three miles south-west of the 
latter. Lat. 28 29', long. 78 28'. 



52 BAH 

BAHADTJKPTTR. Village in Sylhet district, Assam, on the Lower 
Barak river. Lat. 24 45', long. 92 13' 45". 

BAHAR. See BEHAR. 

BAHAR. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh, distant south from 
Lucknow forty-one miles. Lat. 26 17', long. 80 52'. 

BAHARAGARHA. Village in Singbhum district, Bengal. A centre 
of trade. Lat. 22 16' 19", long. 86 45' 30". 

BAHAWA. Village in the Santal Parganas, Bengal, and railway 
station on the loop line of the East Indian Railway ; distance from 
Calcutta (Howrah), 185 miles. 

BAHAWALPUR. State in the Punjab. Between lat. 27 41' 
30 22' 15", and long. 69 47' 74 I'. Bounded on the north by Sirsa 
district; on the east and south by Bikaner and Jaisalmir States, 
Rajputana; on the west by the Indus and Sutlej rivers. Area, 15,000 
sq miles. Pop. (1881), 573,494. The Nawab of Bahawalpur is entitled 
to a salute of 17 guns. The military force of the State consists of 12 
field pieces, 99 artillerymen, 300 cavalry, and 2493 infantry and police. 
The Indus Valley State Railway runs through this territory. Political 
relations with the Chief are in the hands of the Lieutenant -Governor of 
the Punjab. 

BAHAWALPUR. Capital of State of same name, Punjab. Situate 
on a branch of the Ghara, about two miles from the main stream, and 
fifty miles above its confluence with the Chenab. It is surrounded by a 
ruinous wall of mud, which is about four miles in circuit : but part of 
the inclosed space is occupied by groves of trees. The houses are built, 
some of burnt, some of sun-dried bricks, but they are in general mean. 
The residence of the Khan, like the rest, is in a very plain style of archi- 
tecture. Pop. (1881), 13,635. Lat. 59 24', long. 71 47'. 

BAHAWULPORE. See BAHAWALPUR. 

BAHERA. Village in Darbhangah district, Bengal. Lat. 26 4', long. 
86 10' 8". Also thana. Area, 447 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 309,875. 

BAHERL Tahsil of Bareilly district, N.W.P. Area, 349 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 218,487. 

BAHILI. Mountains in Bashahr State, Punjab. On the summit of 
the ridge is situate a fort, which, at the time of Eraser's visit, was a 
square redoubt, surrounded by an excellent stockade. Below it, but at 
a great depth, runs the Kaugarrikhola, a considerable stream, flowing 
from the east, and falling into the Sutlej on the left side. Lat. of chief 
peak, 31 22', long. 77 42'. 

BAHILWARA. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
5796. 

BAHJOR. Thana in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
56,144. 

BAHLOLPUR. Town in Ludhiana district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 
2842. 

BAHMAIR. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay, 92 miles east 
from Surat. Lat. 21 4', long. 74 17'. 

BAHMINGATIN. Town in Nepal State, distant north-west from 
Khatmandu 240 miles. Lat. 29 7', long. 81 40'. 

BAHMNIYAVAN. Thana in Jaunpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
55,301. 



BAH BAI 53 

BAHNSDI. Town in Gnazipur district, N.W.P. Six miles south- 
west of the right bank of the river Gogra, forty-seven north-east of 
Ghazipur. Lat. 25 53', long. 84 12'. 

BAHR. Tillage in Bija State, Punjab. At the base of the range of 
hills bounding the Pinjaur Dun on the north-east. It is situate on the 
route from Pinjaur to Subathu, and six or eight miles north of the former 
place. Elevation above the sea, 2500 feet. Distant north-west from 
Calcutta 1060 miles. Lat. 30 53', long. 77. 

BAHRAICH. District of the Faizabad Division, Oudh. Between 
lat. 27 4' 30" 28 24', and long. 81 5' 82 15'. Area, 2741 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 878,048. It is bounded on the north by the 
Nepal State, on the east by the Sonda district, on the south by Gonda 
and Bara Banki, and oft the west by Sitapur and Kheri. The chief rivers 
are the Gogra and the Rapti. There are thirteen Civil and Revenue and 
fifteen Magisterial Courts in the district, as well as several schools, at 
which over 1400 boys are educated. 

BAHRAICH. Tahsfl in Bahraich district, Oudh, between lat. 27 15' 
45" 21 56', and long. 81 29' 45" 82 15'. Area, 992 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 311,352. 

BAHRAICH. Pargana in Bahraich Tahsil, Oudh. Area, 329 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 122,822. 

BAHRAICH. Town in Bahraich district, Oudh. Lat. 27 34' 52", 
long. 81 38' 2". Pop. (1881) 19,439. Contains the shrine of Masaud, 
a famous warrior and saint, who invaded Bahraich A.D. 1033 ; this sacred 
building is visited every year by upwards of 150,000 pilgrims. 

BAHRAMGrHAT. Town in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Lat. 27 7', 
long. 81 30'. Station on the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway ; the trade 
of the city, which is considerable, is further developed by the bridge of 
boats on the Gogra. 

BAHRAMPUR. See BERHAMPTJE. 

BAHREH. See BAR! RIVER. 

BAHTI. River in Cuddapah district, Madras ; ultimately joins the 
Cheyair. 

BAKU. Town in Dujana State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 1972. 

BAHUL. Town in Hissar district, Punjab. A town on the route 
from Bikaner to Hansi, forty miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 
28 38', long. 75 40'. 

BAHTIRIAB AD. Pargana in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
37,087. 

BAICHANAHALLL Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881) 
respectively of 213 and 482. 

BAICULI. See BEKAL. 

BAIDESWAR. Village in Banki State, Orissa, on the banks of the 
Mahanadi river. Lat. 20 21' 15", long. 85 25' 30". 

BAIDOBATTL Town in Hugh' district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 14,477. 

BAIDORA. Thana in Jhansi district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
7536. 

BAIDTJR. Town in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 13 52' 15", 
long. 74 39' 30". Pop. (1871), 1924. 

BAIDYABATL Town and municipality in Hugh' district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 47' 25", long. 88 22' 20". Pop. (1872), 13,332. A market, 



54 BAI 

said to be one of the largest in Bengal, is held here twice a week, 
at which large transactions take place in various kinds of produce, and 
specially in jute, which is brought from all parts of the adjacent country. 
Hope made of hemp and jute is manufactured in the town. 

B AID YANATH. Village in Shahabad district, Bengal. Lat. 25 17', 
long. 82' 36' 15". Containing a ruin attributed to Madan Pal, a Sivira 
Raja. 

BAIGrHTIL (or BHAGrTIL). River of Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; 
falls into the Western Ramganga on the left side, in lat. 27 43', long. 
79 40'. 

BAIGONBARI. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal ; on the right 
bank of the river Brahmaputra, nineteen miles south-east of Jamalpur. 
Lat. 24 47', long. 90 18'. 

BAIJNATH. Town in Mandi State, Punjab ; distant north-east from 
Mandi twenty-nine miles. Lat. 32, long. 76 43'. 

BAIJUA. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; on the left bank of the 
Gandak, eleven miles south-west of Bettia. Lat. 26 40', long. 84 26'. 

BAIKAL. See BEKAL. 

BAIKANTHPTJR. Town and municipality in Patna district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 29' 30", long. 85 25' 15". Pop. (1881), 6424. Situated on 
the Ganges, five miles below the point where the Punpun joins that 
river. Baikanthpur is a place of great sanctity, thronged by pilgrims at 
the festival of Sivaratrf. 

BAILA. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 20 48', 
long. 79 5'. 

BAILA or BYLA. Tillage in Dehra Dun district, N.W.P. ; on a high 
mountain close to the left bank of the Tons. Elevation above the sea, 
6318 feet. Lat. 30 45', long. 77 47'. 

BAILA BHELA. Town in Rae Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
4887. 

BAIL AM AN. Town .in Morbhanj State, Orissa, Bengal; distant 
west from Midnapur eighty-five miles. Lat. 22 29', long. 86 4'. 

BAILEY ISLAND. One of the group of islands forming the Mergui 
archipelago, off the Tenasserim coast, British Burma. Lat. 12 9', long. 
97 50'. 

BAILGAON. Town in Seoni district, Central Provinces; distant north- 
west from Nagpur ninety-one miles. Lat. 21 58', long. 80 16'. 

BAILGAON. Village in Unao district, Oudh; five miles north-west 
of Purwa, and sixteen miles south-east of Unao town. Ruined fortress ; 
bi-weekly market, attended by from 4000 to 5000 people. 

BAILHONGAL. See HONGAL. 

BAIMLEY. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-east from 
Sholapur forty miles. Lat. 18 9', long. 76 16'. 

BAINGHI. Village in Hugli district, Bengal, and a station on the 
East Indian Railway; distant from Calcutta forty-four miles. Lat. 
23 7', long. 88 15' 35". Pop. (1872), 4538. 

BAING. A river of the Tavoy district of the Tenasserim provinces, 
British Burma, rises in lat. 13 27', long. 98 51', and flowing in a 
northerly direction for sixty-five miles, falls into the river Tenasserim in 
lat. 14 14', long. 99 35'. 

BA1NPUR. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal, twenty-nine miles 



! 



iltU] 

' 



BAI 55 

north-west irom Midnapur, forty-six miles south of Bankura. Lat. 
22 35', loner. 87. 

BAINROH. Tillage in Patiala State, Punjab, on the route from 
Hansi to Ludhiana, and forty-five miles south of the latter town. Distant 
north-west from Calcutta, 1067 miles. Lat. 30 20', long. 75 57'. 

BAINSROLE (or BHAINSROL). Town in Kotah State, Central 
India Agency ; distant south-west from Kotah twenty-two miles. Lat. 
24 49', long. 75 37'. 

BAINSRORE. See BHAINSROR. 

BAINSWARA. An ancient division of Oudh; corresponding to the 
district of Rai Bareli and part of Partabgarh. It lies between lat. 
25 55' 26 48', long. 80 20' 81 35', and is about seventy-five miles 
in length from east to west, and fifty-eight in breadth. 

BAINTGHUR. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal. On the river 
Rasulpur, forty-three miles south-east of Midnapur. Lat. 21 55', long. 
87 47'. 

BAIRAJPTJR. Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Banda, and twenty-four miles west of the former. 
Lat. 25 25', long. 81 22'. 

BAIRAMBADA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 565. 

BAIRAMDRUG. Town in Mysore State; distant north-east from 
Seringapatam fifty-six miles. Lat. 13 6', long. 77 13'. 

BAIRAMGHAT. Village in Ellichpur district, Berar. Lat. 21 22' 
30", long. 77 38' 30". Scene of a fair held annually every October, and 
attended by upwards of 50,000 persons. On this occasion sacrifices of 
thousands of animals are offered before a rock, approached by a long 
flight of steps, the Hindus on one side and the Musalmans on 
the other. 

BAIRAMNAGAR. Village in Bulandshahr district. N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Ah'garh to Moradabad, and sixteen miles north of the former. 
Lat. 28 7', long. 78 13'. 

BAIRAMPTIR. Town in Jessor district, Bengal ; on the southern 
boundary of the district, forty miles south of Jessor. Lat. 22 37', long. 
89 20'. 

BAIRAMPUR (BAIRUMPTIR). Village in Allahabad district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Allahabad to Banda, and forty-three miles 
west of the former city. Lat. 25 24', long. 81 12'. 

BAIRAT. Fort in Dehra Dun district, N.W.P. ; on a summit of the 

nge between the Tons and Jumna, and near the right bank of the latter 

VQT. Elevation above the sea, 7599 feet. Lat. 30 35', long. 78. 

BAIRAT. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; distant north-east from 
Jaipur forty-one miles. Lat. 27 27', long. 76 14'. 

BAIRATH. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 5649. 

BAIRCHUE. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; distant 
t from Ujain thirty-four miles. Lat. 23 14', long. 76 20'. 

BAIRI. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; distant south-east from 
Jaipur fifty miles. Lat. 26 17', long. 76 14'. 

BAIRIA or BYRIAH. Town in Ghazfpur district, KW.P. ; on the 
left bank of the Ganges, six miles by water south of Ghazipur, north- 
west of Calcutta 607 by water. Lat. 25 29', long. 83 32'. Pop. (1881), 
9160. 



56 BAI BAJ 

BAIRIA. Thana in Ballia district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 88,024. 

BAIRKAIRA Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces, thirty- 
nine miles west of Jabalpur. Lat. 23 6', long. 79 26'. 

BAIROD. Town in Ulwar State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Delhi to Mhow, and thirty-two miles south-west of the former. It is 
situate at the southern extremity of a ridge of hills. Lat. 27 55', long. 
76 27'. 

BAIRONDA. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south from Bhopal forty miles. Lat. 22 40', long. 77 15'." 

BAIRSEAH. District in Dhar State, Central India Agency, between 
lat. 23 26' 23 52', and long. 77 10' 77 40'. Area, 456 sq miles. 

BAIRSEAH. Town in district of the same name. Lat. 23 37', long. 
77 27'. 

BAIRTJR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south-east from 
Haidarabad seventy-one miles. Lat. 16 46', long. 79 26'. 

BAI8AH. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north from Haidarabad 
128 miles. Lat. 19 7', long. 78 1'. 

BAITAGHATA. Thana in Khulna district, Bengal. Area, 97 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 37,501. 

BAITARANI. Elver watering the Keunjhar and IVIorbhanj States, 
and Cuttack and Balasor districts, Orissa. There is a legend that Rama, 
when marching to Ceylon to rescue his wife Sita from the ten-headed 
demon Ravana, halted at the river-side on the borders of Keunjhar ; and, 
in commemoration of this event, large numbers of people visit the river 
every January. 

BAITMUNGALUM See BETMANGALA. 

BAITTJL or BEITITL. See BETUL. 

BAITTIRNI. Town in Keunjhar State, Orissa, Bengal ; distant west 
from Balasor ninety miles. Lat. 21 35', long. 85 39'. 

BAITURNI See BAITAKANI'. 

BAIZAPUR. Town in Haidarabad State; distant west from Aurang- 
abad forty miles. Lat. 19 56', long. 74 47'. 

BAIZNATH (or BAIDYANATH). Village in Kumaun district, 
N.W.P. ; with a Hindu temple with considerable celebrity, in a valley 
about twenty-two miles north of Almora. It is situate on the left bank 
of the Gomati, which lower down joins the Sarju, a principal feeder of 
the Gogra. Elevation above the sea, 3800 feet. Lat. 29 54', long. 79 39'. 

BAJANA. Fourth-class State in Kathiawar, Bombay; between lat. 
22 57' 45" 23 10' 30", and long. 71 39' 45" 71 59' 30". Maintains 
a small force of fifty men, and pays tribute both to the British Govern- 
ment and the Nawab of Junagarh. Area, 183 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
15,887. 

BAJANA. Town in State of the same name in Kathiawar, Bombay. 
Lat. 23 7', long. 71 49' 15". 

BAJARATJ (or BUGRI). Tillage in Jaipur State, Rajputana; with a 
fort built on a rock, fifty miles south-east of the city of Jaipur. Lat. 
26 25', long. 76 27'. It is about fifteen miles by river below Calcutta, 
and is noted as being the site of a fort captured from the forces of Siraj- 
ud-daula by Clive in 1756. 

BAJ-BAJ (BUDGE-BUDGE). Village in the Twenty-four Parganas 
district, Bengal. Lat. 22 29', long. 88 14'. 



BAJ BAK 57 

BAJHERA. Pargana in Muzaffarnagar district, N/W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,039. 

BAJI. Ruined fort in Bashahr State, Punjab ; on a summit of a ridge 
stretching north-eastward from the peak of Whartu to the outer Himalaya. 
Elevation above the sea, 9,105 feet. Lat. 31 15', long. 77 37'. 

BAJITPTTR (BAJETPORE). Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal. 
Lat. 24 12' 40", long. 90 59' 43". Pop. about. 3700. Formerly noted 
for its muslin. 

BAJPUR. Town in Baroda State ; on the right bank of the river 
Tapti ; distance from the city of Surat, north-east, sixty miles. Lat. 21 
22', long. 73 48'. 

BAJUNI. Village in Hindur State, Punjab; on the route from 
Subathu to Bilaspur, and twenty -two miles north-west of the former 
town. It is situate near the Garnrara river, at the eastern base of the 
ridge of Malaun ; the fortress of which is built on the summit, 2000 feet 
above it. Lat. 31 12', long. 76 52'. 

BAJWARA. Village in Hoshiarpur district, Punjab. Pop. (1868), 
2641. Said to have been formerly the principal place in this neighbour- 
hood, and " celebrated for cloth-weavers and pious Brahmans." The 
buildings extend for 2285 acres, but the greater part now consists of 
ruins, and furnishes broken bricks for metalling roads. Contains a 
picturesque brick fort, the only one in the district not dismantled since 
the advent of British rule. 

BAKAH. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces; distant east 
from Nagpur 104 miles. Lat. 21 2', long. 80 47'. 

BAKARGANJ. A district in Bengal, between lat. 21 49' 23 4' 
45", and long. 89 53' 45" 91 4' 50". Area, 3649 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 1,900,889. Bounded on the north by Dacca and Faridpur 
districts ; on the east by the Meghna and Shahbazpur rivers ; on 
the south by the Bay of Bengal ; and on the west by Jessor and 
Faridpur districts. The chief rivers are the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and 
Meghna. 

BAKARGANJ. Subdivision in district of same name in Bengal. 
Area, 1111 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 814,595. Also thana. Area, 153 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 135,396. 

BAKARGANJ. Town of the district of the same name, Bengal; 
situated near the junction of the Krishnakati and Khairabad rivers. Lat. 
22 32' 45", long. 90 23' 10". In 1801 the headquarters were transferred 
to Barisal, their present seat, and Bakarganj is now in ruins. Pop. 
(1881), 7060. 

BAKESWAR or KANA. River of Birbhum and Murshidabad districts. 
Sulphur springs are found in the bed of the river, some of which attract 
an annual concourse of pilgrims. 

BAKHAR. See BUKKUR. 

BAKHIRA or BAGNAGAR. Town in GorakTipur district, 1S T . W.P. ; 

on the western bank of the lake. Buchanan, describing its condition at 

he beginning of the century, states, " Bakhira contains 250 houses, 

urrounded by a ditch, rampart, and bamboo hedge, still very inaccessible, 

although not in repair." It has a market. Distance north-west from 

Gorakhpur nineteen miles. Lat. 26 55', long. 83 4'. 

BAKHIRA JHIL or BUDANCH TAL. Lake in Gorakhpur district, 



58 BAK BAL 

N.W.P.; so called from the small town of Bakhira, situate on its western 
bank. It is thus described by Buchanan : " It is certainly the finest 
piece of fresh water that I have seen in India, but it will not bear a 
comparison in beauty with European lakes." He adds, that though 
generally known to Europeans by the name of Bakhira Jhil, the natives 
generally call it Barachi ; and a Nawab of Oudh, accustomed to hunt on 
its bank, called it Moti Jhil, or "Pearl of Lakes." Distant thirteen 
miles north-west of the cantonment of Gorakhpur. Lat. 26 53', long. 
83 5'. 

BAKHRA. -Village in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1872), 
3372. 

B AKHSHA. Thana in Taunpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881 ), 75,087. 

BAKHSHI KHAL. Water channel in Hugli district, Bengal. 

BAKHTGARH. Petty Bhil State, Central India Agency, paying 
tribute to Dhar. 

BAKHTIARPUR. Tillage and station on the East Indian Railway, 
in Patna district, Bengal. Lat. 25 27' 30", long. 85 34'. 

BAKKACHERL A. Village in Bellary district, Madras. Containing 
important irrigation works. 

BAKKARAYASAMUDARAM. Village in Bellary district, Madras. 
Pop. (1871), 2295. 

BAKLOH. Town in Gurdaspur district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 1479. 

BAKRA. A river of Purniah district, North Behar. 

BAKRA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; distant north-west of 
Todhpur seventy-three miles. Lat. 26 44', long. 72 3'. 

BAKRANI. Village in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay ; on the route 
from Sehwan to Larkana, and seven miles south of the latter place. It 
is situate in the extensive island contained between the Indus and its 
offset the "Western Nara, being distant four miles from the left bank of 
the former, and about half a mile from a ferry over the latter, known as 
the ferry of Bakranf. Lat. 27 25', long. 68 12'. 

BAKRTJ. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; distant south-west 
from Jodhpur eighty-three miles. Lat. 25 18', long. 72 30'. 

BAKSAR,. Village in TJnao district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 1222. An 
annual fair is held near this spot, when 100,000 persons or more bathe in 
the Ganges. In the mutiny of 1857, Baksar attained notoriety in con- 
nection with the escape of the fugitives from Cawnpore. 

BAKTID CREEK. A branch of the Mahanadi river, in Cuttack 
district, Bengal. 

BAKUH. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces; distant 
north from Nagpur seventy four miles. Lat. 22 12', long. 79 2'. 

BAKUL or PAKTIL. Village in Gurgaon district, Punjab ; situate 
at the eastern base of a low rocky range of hills, partly of sandstone, 
partly of quartzose formation. Distance south from Delhi twenty miles. 
Lat. 28 21', long. 77 17'. 

BALA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; distant east from 
Jodhpur thirty-five miles. Lat. 26 10', long. 73 41'. 

BALABEHAT. Pargana in Lalitpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
15,573. 

BALABET. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; distant 
north-west from Sagar forty miles. Lat. 24 20', long. 78 30'. 






BAL 59 

BAL AGANJ. Tillage in Sylhet district, Assam. Lat. 24 39' 15", 
long. 91 52' 15". 

BALAGAR Town in Hugli district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 11,233. 

BALAGARH. Thana in Hugli district, Bengal. Area, 86 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 48,218. 

BALAGHAT. A name given (1) locally to the Bellary, Chiddapah, and 
Kurnul districts, Madras ; also (2) to the Highlands of Berar above the 
Ajanta Hills, the payanghdt being the lowlands ; and (3) anciently to the 
part of the kingdom of Yijayanagar above the ghats. 

BALAGHAT. A district in the Central Provinces, between lat. 
21 18' 22 22', and long. 80 3' 80" 81 4'. Bounded on the north 
by Mandla district, on the west by the Bagh and "Wainganga rivers, and 
on the south-west by Raipur district. Area, 3146 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
340,554. The chief town is Burha, and the chief river the Wainganga. 
It is administered by a Deputy Commissioner and staff of Assistants. 

BAIAGODU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 414. 

BALAGUTCH. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal ; on the route 
from Monghyr to Hajipur, fifty miles west of the former. Lat. 25 29', 
long. 85 43'. 

BALAHARA. Tillage with a fort in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; on 
the route from Agra to Ajmere, 78 miles west of former, 150 east of 
latter. It is situate close to a pass through a chain of rocky hills running 
north and south. At the close of the last century the fort was bom- 
barded, and partially demolished by Duboigne, the general of Sindhia. 
Lat. 26 57', long. 76 47'. 

BALAHERA. See B!LAHAEA. 

BALAHI. Hills in Bhandara district, Central Provinces ; six miles 
west of Bhandara, rising 400 feet above the plain. Lat. 21 10' 30" 
21 13', long. 79 35' 30" 79 3$' 15". 

BAL A JI. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 438. 

BALAKOT. Town in Hazara district, Punjab, situated on the left 
bank of the river Kimbar. Pop. (1868), 10,683. 

BALAKOT. Tillage in Damoh district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
23 41' 45", long. 79 22' 45". 

BALALE.-' Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 1067. 

BALAMAB ATI. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 523. 

BALAMAU. Town (in pargana of same name) in Hardoi district 
Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2376. Area of pargana, 25 sq. miles. Pop. (1881)', 
11,720. A thriving place, with daily market and Government school. 

BALAMURI. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 694. 

BALAN. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana, distant south-east from 

ikaner fifty-one miles. Lat. 27 19', long. 73 44'. 

BALANA. Town in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; thirty-five miles 

orth-east of the city of Jaisalmir. Lat. 27 13', long. 71 29'. 

BAL AN WALL Town in Jind State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 1932. 
BALAONI. Town in Satara district, Bombay ; forty-five miles south- 

ast from Satara, twenty -nine miles north-west of Miraj. Lat. 17 11', 
.ong. 74 32'. 

BALAPUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south from Haidar- 
abad four miles. Lat. 17 18', long. 78 33'. 

BALAPUR. Town (in taluk of the same name) in Akola district, 




60 BAL 

Berar. Lat. 20 40', long. 76 49' 15". Pop. (1881), 11,244. The 
fort of Balapur, which is exceedingly strong, was built about A.D. 1757 
by a JSawab of Ellichpur. The Jama Masjid dates from A.H. 1032 
(=A.D. 1622-23). There is also a fine pavilion of black stone on the 
bank of the river. Area of taluk, 570 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 107,200. 

BALARAMPUR. See BALRAMPUR. 

B ALAS AN. A river of Darjiling district, Bengal. 

BALASINOR. A State in the Political Agency of Rewa Kantha, in 
the Province of Guzerat, Bombay, with chief town of same name. 
Between lat. 22 53' 23 17', and long. 73 17' 73 40'; bounded on 
the north by the Mahi Kantha States, on the east by the Mahi river, 
Lunawara, and part of the Panch Mahals, and on the west and south by 
Kaira district. Area, 189 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 46,328. The prin- 
cipal river is the Mahi. The chief, known as the Babi, has a salute of 
nine guns, and pays a yearly tribute of 18,680 to the British Govern- 
ment. 

BALA80R. A district (with chief town of same name) in Orissa, 
Bengal. Between 20 43' 50" 21 56' 30", and long. 86 18' 40" 
87 31' 20". Area, 2066 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 945,280. It is bounded 
on the north by Midnapur district, and Morbhanj State ; on the east by 
the Bay of Bengal ; on the south by Cuttack district; and on the west 
by the States of Keunjhar, Nilgiri, and Morbhanj. The chief rivers 
are the Subarnarekha, and Panchpara. 

BALASOR. Subdivision in the district of the same name in Bengal. 
Between lat. 21 3' 30" 21 56' 30", and long. 86 23' 45" 87 31' 20". 
Area, 1158 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 519,707. Also thana. Area, 228 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 107,685. 

BALASOR. Town, municipality and headquarters of the district 
and subdivision of the same name, Bengal. Lat. 21 30' 6", long. 86 
58' 11". Pop. (1881), 20,265. 

BALASOR. A peak, 6762 feet high, in a range of hills in Malabar 
district, Madras. Lat. 11 41' 45", long. 75 57' 15". 

BALAUN. A river of Nepal, rising in lat. 26 41', long. 86 22', in 
the Terai or marshy lands at the base of the Sub-Himalaya range. At 
the distance of eight miles from its source, it flows over the northern 
boundary of the Darbhanga district, Bengal ; and holding a course 
southerly for sixty miles, falls into the Gogra in lat. 25 50', long. 86 16'. 

B ALB ARID ALTIA. Marsh in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Between 
lat. 22 39' 22 52' and long. 89 58' 90 12' ; with an estimated 
ordinary area of 39-45 sq. miles. 

BALBIGA. Town in Patna district, Bengal; on the route from 
Calcutta to Sherghati, fifteen miles east of the latter. Lat. 24 30', 
long. 85 6'. 

BALGHA. Pass on the frontier separating Garhwal from Bashahr 
State ; lies over a crest of the ridge dividing the valleys of the rivers 
Tons and Pabar. This ridge is covered with lofty and dense forests, 
abounding in deodar. Elevation of the pass above the sea 8,898 feet. 
Lat. 31 4', long. 78. 

BALCHARI (BULCHERRY). Island in Lower Bengal, at the 
entrance to the Matla river. Lat. 21 31' 21 35', long. 88 31' 88 37'. 

BALCHOT? AH S* e BALZORA. 



BAL 61 

BALCONDAH. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north from 
Haidarabad 100 miles. Lat. 18 51', long. 78 20'. 

BALDHI. Town in Thibet, on the northern shore of the great lake of 
Yarbrough Youmtso, distant north from Darrang 191 miles. Lat. 29 3', 
long. 91 14'. 

BALDIABARL Tillage in Purniah, Bengal. Lat. 25 21', long. 
87 41'. 

B ALBUM CHITTI. Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal ; a town 
ninety-five miles east from Sarguja, and sixty-three miles south-east 
of Palamau. Lat. 23 4', long. 84 37'. 

BALEHBA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Distant west from 
Jodhpur 139 miles. Lat. 25 56', long. 71. 

BALENL Thana in Meerut district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 25,376. 
BALESWAR RIVER. A principal tributary of the Ganges ;' separates 
from the main stream near Kushtia in Nadiya district, Bengal, and thence 
flows through Bakarganj and Jessor districts. 

BALI. Town and municipality in Bard wan district, Bengal. Lat. 
22 48' 50", long. 87 48' 46". Pop. (1872), 8819. 

BALI. Village in Hugli district, Bengal, and a station on the East 
Indian Railway. Lat. 22 39', long. 88 23'. Area, 2294 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 7037. Contains an academy for Hindu pandits. 

BALIAGHATA. Village on a canal of the same name, in Twenty- 
four Parganas district, Bengal. Lat. 22 33' 45", long. 88 27'. 

BALIAFAL. Thana in Balasor district, Bengal. Area, 204 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 88,226. 

BALIBANG. Town in Nepal State. Distant west from Khatmandu 
120 miles. Lat. 27 49', long. 83 21'. 

BALIGAUJ. Suburb of Calcutta and station on Calcutta and South 
Eastern Railway. Area, 1056 acres. Pop. (1881), 14,499. 

BALIGHATIAM. Village in Vizagapatam district, Madras, near 
which is a shrine of Siva, as Brahmeswar.idu, of peculiar sanctity. Lat. 
17 39', long. 82 38' 30". 

BALIHRI. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
23 47' 45", long. 80 19'. Pop. (1872), 2028. The town was in olden 
times a seat of Jain worship ; its fort was dismantled by the British 
Government after the Mutiny of 1857. 

BALING. Village in Kumaun district, KW.P., on the right bank of 
the river Dhauli. Elevation above the sea 11,000 feet. Lat. 30 12', 
long. 80 35'. 

BALIPARA. Forest reserve in Darrang district, Assam. Lat. 26 
54' 26 55', long. 92 5192 52'. 

BALIRANGAM. Mountains in Coimbatore district, Madras, averaging 
from 4500 feet to 5300 feet above the level of the sea. 
BALISNA. Town in Baroda State. Pop. (1881), 5002. 
BALIYA. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh; eighty-seven miles 
south-east of Lucknow. It is situate in an extensive jungle, seven miles 
north of the left bank of the river Sai. Lat. 25 55', long. 82 5'. 
BALKH. City of Afghan Turkistan, Central Asia. 
BALKISSEN. Town in Bard wan district, Bengal; eleven miles 
north from Bardwan, and twenty-seven miles west of Nadiya. Lat. 
23 22', long. 87 56'. 



62 BAL 

BALLABGARH. Town and municipality (in tahsi'l of the same 
name) in Delhi district, Punjab. Lat. 28 20', long. 77 21' 30". Pop. 
(1881), 5821. Area of tahsil, 388 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 138,878. 
The Ballabgarh State formerly belonged to a native Raja, but was con- 
fiscated consequent on the rebellion of the latter in 1857. 

BALLABHPUR. Suburb of Serampur, in Hugli district, Bengal. 
Noteworthy as the scene of the annual festivals in honour of Jagannath. 

BALLAIRAI DRUG. See BALLAL-RAYAN-DTTRGA. 

BALLALPUR. Village in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Lat, 
19 50' 45", long. 79 23' 15". In the days of the Gond dynasty a city 
of importance, to which the ruins of palaces, etc., still testify. 

BALLAL-RAYAN-DURGA. Mountains in the Western Ghats, in 
Kadur district, Mysore State; 4940 feet above sea-level. Lat. 13 8', 
long. 75 29'. 

BALLAMGARH. See BALLABGARH. 

BALLAPUR. Town in Mysore State ; distant north from Bangalore 
twenty-three miles. Lat. 13 17', long. 77 36'. 

BALLAPUR. Town in Mysore State; distant north-east from Seringa- 
patam ninety-nine miles. Lat. 13 26', long. 77 47'. 

BALLAPUR. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh; on the route from 
Sitapur to Sekrora, thirty miles south-east of the former, fifty north- 
west of the latter, thirty-five north of Lucknow. Lat. 27 22', long. 
81 6'. 

BALLARY. See BELL ART. 

BALLASAR. See ATTRI. 

B ALL AVEDDER. Town in Mysore State ; distant north-west from 
Seringapatam 152 miles. Lat. 14 27', long. 75 52'. 

BALLEABERA. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; situate to the 
south of the route from Midnapur to Sambalpur, twenty-seven miles 
south-west of the former. Lat. 22 16', long. 87. 

BALLIA. Town and municipality (in tahsi'l of the same name) in 
Ghazipur district, KW.P. Lat. 25 43' 55", long. 84 11' 5'. Pop. 
(1881), 8798. Area of tahsil, 532 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 472,282. 

BALLIA. District in N.W.P. Area, 1144-4 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
924,763. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 197,791. And thana. Pop. 
(1881), 138,378. 

BALLIAGHATTA. Suburb of Calcutta. Area, 2176 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 30,259. 

BALLIAPUDDA. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal; on the river 
Mahanadi, twenty-four miles east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 27', long. 
86 19'. 

BALLIARI. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay ; a town on 
the northern boundary of the great western Runn of Cutch, 108 miles 
south-east of Haidarabad. Lat. 24 21', long. 69 46'. 

BALLIPALLI. Forest reserve in Cuddapah district, Madras. 

BALLPUR. Town in Sultanpur district, Oudh ; on the route from 
Sekrora to Sultanpur, seven miles south-east of the former, seventy-six 
north-west of the latter, fifty north-east of Lucknow. Lat. 27 3', long. 
81 45'. 

BALLUA. Thana in Benares district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
43,017. 



BAL 63 

BALLY. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
605. 

BALLY. Thana in Howrah district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 14,815. 

BALLY. See BALI. 

BALLYGTJNGE. See BALIGANJ. 

BALMER. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; with a small fort 
occupying the summit of a conical hill three hundred feet high, at the 
foot of which is the town. Distant south-west from Jodhpur 119 miles. 
Lat. 25 47', long. 71 22'. 

BALOAMUDRUM. Town in Madura district, Madras; thirty-one 
miles west from Dindigal, fifty-four miles north-west of Madura. Lat. 
10 25', long. 77 34'. 

BALOCHISTAN. A country of Asia contiguous to India. It is 
bounded on the north hy Afghanistan, on the east by the Punjab and 
Sind, on the south by the Arabian Sea, on the west by Persia. Area, 
about 106,500 sq. miles ; being between lat. 24 50' 30 20', and long. 
61 10' 68 38'. Towns, Khelat, whose Khan is the most powerful 
chief of the country ; and Quetta, a British cantonment. 

BALODA. Town in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2492. 

BALOTRA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Balmer to the city of Jodhpur, and 62 miles south-west of the latter. It 
is situate on the right bank of the Luni, and on the high road from 
Jodhpur to Dwarka, a celebrated place of pilgrimage at the western 
extremity of Guzerat. There is, consequently, a good gathering of 
pilgrims and other devotees, and of those requisite to minister to their 
wants ; so that the bazaar is crowded with passengers, and filled with 
goods of various kinds. The town is supplied with good water from 125 
wells, lined with masonry. The population consists of 6750 Hindus 
and 525 Musalmans. Lat. 25 49', long. 72 21 10". A fair, which 
lasts fifteen days, and which is attended by more than 30,000 persons, is 
held annually in March. 

BALOWAL. Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab, sixty miles 
north of Dera Ghazi Khan, seventy miles south-west of the town of Dera 
Ismail Khan. Lat. 30 53', long. 70 31'. 

BALRAMPUR. Town (in pargana of the same name) in Gonda 
district, Oudh. Lat. 27 25' 30", long. 82 13' 50". Pop. (1881), 12,811. 

BALRAMPUR. Pargana in Utraula tahsil, Gonda district, Oudh, the 
property of Maharaja Sir Digbijai Sing, K. C.S.I., who has a personal 
salute of nine guns. Pop. (1881), 178,336. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
77,734. 

BALSAMAND. Village in Hissar district, Punjab. Pop. (1868), 
2333. 

BALSAN. A Punjab Hill State; between lat. 30 58' 15" 31 9' 
15", and long. 77 24' 30" 77 35' 15". Area, 51 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 5190. The Bana pays a tribute of 118 to the British Govern- 
ment. 

BALSAR. See BTJLSAR. 

BALTIA. Village in Bhagalpur district, Bengal. Lat. 26 24' 40"- 
long. 87 3' 1". Pop. (1872), 2820. 

BALTJGUNDA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 183. 



G4 BAL BAM 

BALTJMAT. Thana in Lohardaga district, Bengal. Area, 672 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 66,253. 

BALTJMBA. Town in Baroda State, eight miles from the coast of the 
Gulf of Cutch. Distance from Ahmedabad, west, 139 miles; Baroda, 
west, 180. Lat. 22 42', long. 70 30'. 

BALTJNG. Town in Bonai State, Bengal; distant north-east from 
Sambalpur fifty miles. Lat. 21 42', long. 84 46'. 

BALWA. See BATJTWA. 

BALYAMUNDTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 475. 

BALZOKA or BALCHORAH. Fort and town in Kheri district, 
Oudh ; near the northern frontier, towards Nepal. For two months 
every summer a mart is held at Balzora, the mountaineers bringing their 
native products to exchange for the wares of the plains. Distant north 
from Lucknow 120 miles. Lat. 28 34', long. 81 12'. 

BAMAN BASTI. Quarter in Calcutta. Area, 170 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 1943. 

BAMANBOR. State in North Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a tribute 
of 7 12s. to the British Government. Lat. 22 24', long. 71 6'. 

BAMANGHATL The northern division of Morbhanj State, Bengal. 
Pop. (1872), 94,526. 

BAMANI. Hill in Vizagapatam district, Madras; 2488 feet high. 
Lat. 19 35', long. 83 40'. 

BAMANRL Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 13', long. 
79 35'. 

BAMANWALA or BUN YAW ALA. Village in Dehra Dun district, 
N.W.P. Elevation above the sea, 2220 feet. Lat. 30 19', long. 78 1'. 

BAMATJLLI or BAMBOLI. Village in TJlwar State, Kajputana; 
on the route from Muttra to the town of TJlwar, and twelve miles south- 
east of the latter. Lat. 27 29', long. 76 48'. 

BAMATJRI or BITMBATJRL Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on 
the route from Bareilly to Almora, and forty-two miles south of the latter. 
Bamauri has an elevation above the sea of upwards of 1700 feet. Lat. 
29 13', long. 79 35'. 

BAMBANGAON. Chiefship in Balaghat district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 8 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1728. 

BAMBHNIPAPAR. Pargana in Gonda district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
36,405. 

BAMBHOLA or BOMBOLA. Town in Kishangarh State, Kajputana ; 
on the route from Agra to Nasirabad, one hundred and ninety-five miles 
south-west of former, twenty-eight north-east of latter. It has a bazaar, 
and water is abundant. Lat. 26 27', long. 75 12'. 

BAMBHORA or BHANIBORA. Fort in Bashahr State, Punjab; 
on a lofty summit rising about two miles north of the right bank of the 
Pabar Elevation above the sea, 9844 feet. Lat. 31 14', long. 77 50'. 

BAMBOLIM. Parish in Ilhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 191. 

BAMBTIRA. Town in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 24 40', 
long. 67 41'. 

BAMINGOLAH. Town in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; thirty-six 
miles south-west from Dinajpur, fifteen miles north-east of Maldah. Lat. 
25 7', long. 88 21'. 



BAM BAIT 65 

BAMNI. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant east from Jaulna forty- 
nine miles. Lat. 19 47', long. 76 41'. 

BAMNI. Thana in Noakhali district, Bengal. Area, 74 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 41,731. 

BAMNI. Town in Mandla district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
2400. 

BAMNIAWAS. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 6125. 

BAMO MYO. Town in Independent Burma ; situated on the left 
or eastern bank of the Irawadi river, 174 miles north-east of Ava. 
Lat. 24 14', long. 79. 

BAMONL Town in Eangpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 6895. 

BAMOTIM. Tillage in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 175. 

BAMRA. State of Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. Between 
lat. 21 8' 30" 22 11' 30", and long. 84 10' 15" 85 15' 30". It is 
bounded on the north by Bonai and Gangpur States, on the south by 
Kairakhol State, on the east by Talcher and Laira, and on the west by 
Sambalpur. Area, 1988 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 81,286. The chief 
river is the Brahmani. 

BAMSARTJ. Pass in Garhwal State, K.W.P. ; over a mountain pro- 
ceeding from the cluster of the Jamnotri peaks, separating the Ganges 
from the Jumna. Its summit enters within the limit of perpetual conge- 
lation, as a British party, which crossed it at the end of August, found it 
then covered with deep snow. Elevation above the sea, 15,447 feet. 
Lat. 30 56', Ion?. 78 36'. 

BAMTINGAON. Town in Indore State, Central India Agency; 
distant south-west from Mhow forty-one miles. Lat. 22 6', long. 
75 20'. 

BAMUNGAON. Town in Bundi State, Rajputana ; distant north-east 
from Bundi thirty-three miles. Lat. 25 46', long. 76 5'. 

BAMTJNHATI. Town in Morbhanj State, Bengal. Distant west 
from Midnapur eighty miles. Lat. 22 16', long. 86 10'. 

BAMTJNWAS. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Agra to Nasirabad, 102 miles south-west of former, 118 north-east of 
latter, Lat. 26 34', long. 76 37'. 

BANAAR (or BANAR). River of Maimansinh district, Bengal ; 
an offset of the Brahmaputra river, leaving the parent stream opposite the 
town of Jamalpur, in lat. 24 43", long. 90 20' 45", and flowing in a 
southerly direction for 120 miles, to lat. 23 37', long. 90 31', where it 
falls into the Dhaleswari river, about seven miles above its junction with 
the Meghna. 

B AN AGANAPALLL State (with capital of the same name) in Karnul 
district, Madras. Between lat. 15 2' 30" 15 28' 50", and long. 78 
I' 45" 78 25' 30". Area, 275 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 30,754. 
bounded by the Koilkantla, Nandial, and Pattikonda taluks. The chief 
river is the Kunder. The Chief bears the title of Nawab, which was 

stowed upon him in 1876, on the occasion of the visit of the Prince of 
"Wales to India. 

BANAGANPILLY. See BANAGANAPALLI. 

BANAIRA. Town of Udaipur State, Rajputana ; distant north-east 
from Udaipur 88 miles. Lat. 25 30', long. 7^ 45'. 



66 BAtf 

BANAPTJR. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces, distant 
north-east from Nagpur 92 miles. Lat 22 10', long. 78 14'. 

BANAS (Eastern). lliver of Udaipur State, Rajputana ; rising on 
the western frontier of Udaipur or Mewar, amidst a cluster of summits of 
the Aravalli range, in lat. 24 47', long. 73 28'. The word is significant 
in Sanscrit, and means "Hope of the forest ; " having been, according to 
the local legend, originally the name of a " chaste shepherdess, who, 
while disporting in the waters of this natural fountain, espied to her 
horror an intruder gazing on her charms," and praying for aid to the 
guardian divinity of the place, was metamorphosed into the stream. 
Holding its course through Mewar for 120 miles, it is joined by the 
river Barach. Having received this latter on the right, and a few miles 
beyond that confluence the Botaseri on the left, it continues its north- 
easterly course, receiving on the left the river of A j mere, and subse- 
quently several torrents flowing from the territory of Jaipur in the rainy 
season. At the town of Tonk, and about 235 miles from its source, its 
direction changes, first to south-east, and sweeping round the hills in 
which are situate the stronghold of Rintimpur, it falls into the Chambal, 
in lat. 25 54', long. 76 50', after a total course of about 320 miles. 

BANAS. Eiver of Chutia Nagpur, Bengal. 

BANAS NADL River of Shahabad district, Bengal. 

BANASA. Tillage in Garhwal State, N.W.P., in the valley of the 
Jumna, and seven miles below the source of that river. It is situate on 
the left bank of the Jumna, at the confluence of the Banasa torrent, and 
on a natural ledge of rock, a series of which, in that part of the valley, 
rise over each other on the side of the mountain. The site is picturesque 
and sublime in the highest degree. The Banasa is at the confluence 
about two-thirds of the size of the Jumna. In 1816, half the village of 
Banasa was overwhelmed and destroyed by the fall of a precipice. In the 
vicinity are numerous thermal springs, the waters of which are too hot to 
be borne by the touch. Lat. 30 56', long. 78 27'. 

BANATJLI. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north from Haidar- 
abad 109 miles. Lat. 18 50', long. 78 5'. 

BANAVAR. Village and municipality (in taluk of the same name), 
in Kadur district, Mysore. Lat. 13 24', long. 76 14'. Pop. (1871), 
2110. Area of taluk, 467 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 76,384. 

BANAVARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 165. 

BANAW ARAM. See BAKAVAR. 

BANCURAH. See BANKUEA. 

BAND. Town in Orchha State, Bundelkhand, Central India Agency, 
distant east from Tehri 15 miles. Lat. 24 44', long. 79 8'. 

BANDA. District of the Allahabad division, N.W.P. Between lat. 
24 53' 15" 25 55', and long. 80 2' 45" 81 36' 15". Area, 3061 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 698,608. It is bounded on the north-east and north 
by the river Jumna ; on the west by the river Ken, Hamfrpur district and 
Gaurihar State ; on the south and south-east by the Panna, Charkhari and 
Rewah States ; and on the east by Allahabad district. The chief moun- 
tains are the Vindhya. The chief rivers are the Jumna and Ken. The 
towns are Banda, Karwi, llajapur ; the fortress of Kalinjar also is famous 
in Indian history. The climate is productive of ague to Europeans, who 
sometimes can be freed from its attacks only by removal to a better 



BAN 67 

climate ; but the natives enjoy at least the usual average of health. The 
black soil of the plains is noted for fertility, producing in great abundance 
and perfection wheat, barley, maize, millet of various sorts, and pulse. 
Sugar and indigo, also, are successfully cultivated ; but of commercial 
crops by far the most important is cotton, for which the district is so 
celebrated that the produce is distinguished in commerce by the prefix of 
its name. There are scarcely any manufactures, except of coarse cloth, 
dyed red with a colour obtained from the root of a plant called Morinda 
multiflora. The conduct of the Nawab during the mutiny of 1857 was 
open to suspicion ; but he was permitted to retire with a pension of 
3600 per annum, and his territories merged into the British possessions. 

BANDA. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name), in 
Banda district, N.W.P., containing numerous temples and mosques. 
The town is of considerable size, but straggling and ill built; the 
houses being of mud, though there is abundance of excellent building- 
stone procurable. In a commercial point of view, Banda is considered a 
thriving place, being a great mart for cotton. Distant south-west from 
Allahabad 95 miles ; north-west from Calcutta 560 ; south-east from 
Agra 190. Lat. 25 28' 20", long. 80 22' 15". Pop. (1881), 28,974. 
Area of tahsil, 400 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 120,578. Also thana. 
Pop. (1881), 71,691. 

BANDA. Thana in Shahjahanpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
59,714. 

BANDA. Tahsil in Saugor district, Central Provinces, lying between 
lat. 23 53' 24 26', long. 78 42' 45" 79 17' 45". Pop. (1881), 
82,333. Area, 701 sq. miles. 

BANDA CHHOTA or BANDA THE LESS. Village in Banda district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from the town of Banda to Rewah, six miles south 
of the former. Lat. 25 24', long. 80 25'. 

BANDAIR. Kange of hills to the northward of the valley of the 
Narbada river, commencing about lat. 24 30', long. 80 48', in a south- 
westerly direction. 

B AND AJ AN. Pass in Kashmir State, Punjab. Lat 31 22', long. 
78 4'. It consists of gneiss, and is covered with perennial snow, which 
extends in an unbroken sheet to a depth of 1200 feet. The summit of 
the pass is 14,854 feet above the sea. 

BANDAR. Town (in taluk of the same name) in Kistna district, 
Madras. Pop. (1881), 35,056. Pop. of taluk (1871), 164,525. See 

'kfASULIPATAM. 

BANDARBAN. On the Sangu river. Tillage of the Chittagong Hill 
"racts, Bengal. Lat. 22 12' 30", long. 92 16' 30". Pop. about 3000. 
"lere is a permanent market here, at which considerable traffic is carried 

BANDARMALANKA. Town in Godavari district, Madras. Lat. 16 

', long. 82 1'. Pop. (1871), 2367. 

BANDE. Town in Sawantwari State, Bombay ; distant east from 
r engurla 15 miles. Lat. 15 49', long. 73 56'. 

BANDEL. Village in Hugli district, Bengal; on the river Hugh'. 
Lat. 22 55', long. 88 26'. the seat of an ancient and still important 
Roman Catholic Mission, founded in 1599. The festival of the Novena, 
as celebrated at Bandel Priory, attracts many visitors. 



68 BAN 

BANDERPUR. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; on the right 
bank of the Ganges, 869 miles from Calcutta by the river ; 61 miles 
above Allahabad; 32 miles south-east of the town of Fatehpur. Lat. 
25 48', long. 81 18'. 

BANDHUA HASNPTJR. Village in Sultanpur district, Oudh; 
seventy-eight miles south-east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 16', long. 82 4'. 

BANDIPALLAM. Hill and river in South Arcot district, Madras. 
Lat. 11 43' 15", long. 79 48'. 

BANDORA. Village in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 2803. 

BANDORA. Town in Thana (Tanna) district, Bombay ; situated on 
the island of Salsette, at the southern point, where the island is connected 
with that of Bombay by the causeway and arched stone bridge con- 
structed by the local government from funds principally contributed by 
Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. Distant north of Bombay fort nine miles. 
Station on the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Kail way. Lat. 19 
3' 5", long. 72 52' 30". Pop. (1881), 14,987. 

BANDORBARCEM. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 1148. 

BANDRA. Village in Jodhpur State, Eajputana ; two miles north of 
the route from Balmer to the town of Jodhpur, and ten miles north-east 
of the former place. It contains 150 nouses. Lat. 25 52', long. 
71 28'. 

BANDTJGARH. Fort in Eewah State, Central India Agency ; sixty 
miles south of the town of Rewah. Lat. 23 41', long. 81 6'. 

BANGA. Town and municipality in Jalandhar district, Punjab. Lat. 
31 11' 15", long. 76 2'. Pop. (1881), 4565. 

BANGA BAZAR. Town in Sylhet district, Assam ; twenty-two 
miles west of Silchar, and forty-one miles east of Sylhet. Lat. 24 50', 
long. 92 30'. 

BANGAHAL. Valley in Kangra district, Punjab. Lat. 32 18' 
32 29', long. 76 49' 76 55'. 

BANGALI. River of Rangpur and Bogra district, North Bengal. It 
falls into the Halhalia river. 

BANGALORE. District of the Nandidrug division, Mysore State. 
Between lat. 12 1513 57', and long. 77 978 38'. It is bounded 
on the south by Coimbatore and Salem districts, Madras. Area, 2901 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 669,139. Bangalore may be considered one of the 
finest climates in India, being cool and pleasant throughout the greater 
part of the year. The sun is generally powerful ; but in the shade and 
in the house the air is always cool. 

BANGALORE. The capital of the district (in taluk of the same 
name). Station on the Madras Railway. Lat. 12 57' 37", long. 77 36' 
56". Pop. (1881), 155,857. Distance direct from Seringapatam, north- 
east, 71 miles; Mangalore, east, 115; Bellary, south, 155; Madras, 
west, 185. 

BANGANAPALLL See BANAGANAPALLI. 

BANGANGA. A river of Jaipur, Bhartpur, and Dholpur States, 
llajputana, and Agra district, N.W.P. It falls into the Jumna in lat. 
27, long. 78 32'. A temple, called Jumwa-ki-Dair, situated in a gorge 
on tbis river, is visited by the Rajas of Jaipur on their accession to 






BAN 69 

the gadi. Here they are shaved, the process being part of the ceremony 
connected with the accession. 

BANGANGA. A river of Nepal State and Gorakhpur district, 
N.W.P. It falls into the Buri Rapti. 

BANGAR. Pargana in Hardoi district, Oudh. Area, 143 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 65,652. 

BANGARAH. One of the numerous outlets by which the Ganges 
discharges its waters into the Bay of Bengal. Lat. 21 50', long. 89 42'. 

BANGARMATT (or BANGERMOW). Town (in pargana of same 
name) in Unao district, Oudh. Lat. 26 53' 25", long. 80 15' 10". 
Pop. (1881), 6350. Area of pargana, 173 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
92,656. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 105,540. 

BANGAUN. Town in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. ; twenty-nine 
miles south-west from Shahjahanpur, eighteen miles north of Farrukhabad. 
Lat. 27 39', long. 79 38'. 

BANGAUN. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Nadiya district, 
Bengal ; on the route from Calcutta to Jessor, thirty-nine miles north- 
east of the former. Lat. 23, long. 88 50'. ' Area of subdivision, 649 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1872), 318,770. 

BANGEMETTA. Village in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 29. 

BANGHEYA. Town in Nepal State; distant north-west from 
Khatmandu 230 miles. Lat. 28 55', long. 81 56'. 

BANGOMUND A. Chief ship in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. 
Pop. (1881), 22,048. 

BANGSI. See BANSI. 

BANGTJNGA. See BANGANGA. 

BANGURSIR. Village in Jaisalmir State, Bajputana ; on the route 
from Bahawalpur to Bap, and 120 miles south-east of the former. 
Bangursir is in lat. 27 59', long. 72 34'. 

BANIA CHUNG (or BANIACHANG). Village in Sylhet district, 
Assam ; eighty-three miles north-east from Dacca, and forty miles south- 
west of Sylhet. Contains a sacred mosque. Lat. 24 31', long. 91 24'. 
Pop. (1872), 22,164. 

BANIAPUKAR. Suburb of Calcutta. Area, 806 acres. Pop. (1881), 
18,895. 

BANIHAL. Pass in Kashmir State ; over the mountains of the same 
name. The ascent is much more considerable on the southern than on 
the northern side, where it descends into Kashmir, which country has a 
greater elevation than that part of the Punjab lying to the south. 
Though by no means the highest, being but 8500 feet above the sea, it 

one of the most difficult passes into Kashmir, and is seldom attempted 

ith horses. Lat. 33 21', long. 75 2(X. 

BANKA. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Bhagalpur district, 
Bengal. Lat. 24 53', long. 86 58' 5". Area of subdivision, 1185 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 420,379. Also thana. Area, 246 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 134,227. 

BANKA CANAL. Part of the Rupnaraya and Rasulpur Canal, in 
Midnapur district, Bengal. Lat, 22 6' 22 12', long. 88 88 4'. 

BANKANIR. Town in Gwalior State, distant south-west from Mhow 

rty miles. Lat. 22 13', long. 75 14'. 



70 BAN 

BANKAPAHARI. Petty State in Bundelkhand, Central India 
Agency. Area, 4-64 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1049. 

BANKAPTTR. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Dharwar. 
Pop. (1881), 6037. Area of subdivision, 343 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
76,554. 

BANKATA. Thana in Basti district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 52,829. 

BANKHERL Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces. 
Pop. (1881), 2643. 

BANKI (or BANKY). State in Orissa, Bengal; confiscated in 1840, 
and now under British administration. Between lat. 20 15' 30" 20 
30', and long. 85 23' 85 40'. Area, 116 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
56,900. It is bounded on the north by the Mahanadi river, on the east 
by Cuttack district, on the south by Puri district, and on the west by 
Khandpara State. 

BANKI. Town in Bahraich district, Oudh ; distant north-east from 
Lucknow ninety-three miles. Lat. 28 4', long. 81 43'. 

BANKIPTTR. Chief town of Patna district, Bengal ; also station on 
the East Indian Eailway. Lat. 25 36' 40", long. 85 10' 50". Pop. 
(1881), 97,008. 

BANKIPUR. Thana in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Area, 
118 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 107,275. 

BANKOMUNDL Hill in Bod State, Orissa, 2080 feet high. Lat. 
20 42' 24", long. 84 20' 18". 

BANKOT (or BANKOTE). Port on the creek of the same name in 
Eatnagiri district, Bombay. Lat. 17 58' 30", long. 73 5' 10". 

BANKURA. District in Bengal. Between lat. 22 54'- 23 37', and 
long. 86 49' 15" 87 35'. Area, 2621 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
1,041,752. It is bounded on the north by the Ranjiganj subdivision of 
Bard wan district; on the east by Sonamukhi, Kotalpur, and Indas; on the 
south by the Garbheta subdivision of Midnapur district ; and on the west 
by the Manbhum district. "Bankura was ceded to the East India Company 
on 27th Sept. 1760. The chief towns are Bankura and Bishnupur. The 
chief rivers are the Damodar and Dhalkisor. 

BANKURA. Town and municipality in Bankura district, Bengal ; 
on the north bank of the Dhalkisor river. Lat. 23 14', long. 87 6' 45". 
Pop. (1881), 18,747. 

BANKURA. Subdivision in district of same name, N.W.P. Area, 
1921 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 647,085. Also thana. Area, 332 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 127,551. 

BANMATJTI (or BTJROTI). Village in Alfgarh district, 1ST.W.P. ; 
on the route from Meerut to Muttra, and thirty-nine miles north-east of 
the latter. Lat. 27 59', long. 77 55'. 

BANNAWASSI (or BANNAWASI). Town and temple in North 
Kanara district, Bombay; once of much celebrity, but subsequently 
greatly decayed. Here is a temple of Siva or Mahadeva, which had 
formerly very large endowments, and although a very mean building, 
was kept in good repair, and very much frequented. Distance (direct) 
from Sunda, south-east, twenty miles ; from Bombay, south-east, 340 ; 
Madras, north-west, 370. Lat. 14 33', long. 75 5'. 

BANNTJ. District in the Punjab. Between lat. 32 10' 33 15', 
and long. 70 26' 72. Area ; 3868 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 332,577. 



BAN 71 

Bounded on the north by Kohat district; on the east by Rawal Pindi, 
Jhelum, and Shatpur districts; and on the west and north-west by hills 
belonging to the Waziri tribes. Bannu passed into the hands of the British 
on the conquest of the Punjab in 1849. The chief towns are Edwardes- 
abad, Laki, Kalabagh, Isakhel, and Mianwali. The district is administered 
by a Deputy Commissioner and three Assistant Commissioners. 

" BANNU. Tahsil of the Bannu district, between lat. 32 44' 30" 
33 5' 45", and long. 70 24' 30" 71 0' 30". Area, 445 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 107,159. 

BANNTT. Capital in Bannu district, Punjab. See EDWAP,DESAB!D. 
BANPUR. Pargana in Lalitpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 43,354. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 15,804. 

BANS. Tillage in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Almora to Pithoragarh, and forty-three miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 29 40', long. 80 13'. 

BANSA. Town in Hardoi district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2116. 
BANSA. Town in Damoh district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
2514. 

BANSBAB1A. Town and municipality in Hugh' district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 57' 30", long. 18 26' 30". Pop. (1881), 7031. Contains a 
temple dedicated to the Goddess Hanseswari, erected at a cost of 10,000, 
by the wife of a wealthy landowner of the district. 

BAN8DA. State (with capital of the same name) in the Province of 
Guzerat, Bombay; between lat. 20 42' 20 56', and long. 73 18' 
73 34'. Bounded on the north and west by Surat district, north-east 
by Baroda State, on the east by the Dang States, and south by 
Dharampur State. Area, 242 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 32,154. Pop. of 
capital (1872), 2321. The Chief, who pays a yearly tribute of 735 
to the British Government, is entitled to a salute of nine guns. 

BANSDIH. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 52' 38", 
long. 84 15' 30". Pop. (1881), 9617. 

BANSDIH. Thana in Ballia district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 134,473. 
BANSGAON. Town in Purniah district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
6158. 

BANSGAON. Tahsil of Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
422,858. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 108,876. And town. Pop. (1881), 
5873. 

BANS!. Tahsil of Basti district, N.W.P. Area, 609 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 338,839. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 94,363. 

BANSL Pargana in Lalitpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 12,119. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 21,858. 

BANSI. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; situate on the Rapti. 
Lat. 27 7', long. 82 58'. 

BANSI. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; twenty-three miles 
south of Allahabad. Lat. 25 4', long. 81 50'. 

BANSIHARL Thana in Dinajpur district, Bengal. Area, 257 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 81,877. 
BANSKERA. See BAUSHKEHA. 

BANSKHALL Tillage in Chittagong district, Bengal. Lat. 22 50' 
15", long. 91 3 1 7 . Also thana. Area, 195 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
101,758. 



72 BAN 

BANSLQI. Tributary of the Bhagirathi river, which drains tho 
Murshidabad district, Bengal. 

BANSROR (or BYNSROR). Port in Kotah State, Rajputana; situate 
in the angle of confluence where the river Bamani falls into the Chambal. 
Its site is the summit of a great rock, from 300 to 700 feet above the 
average height of the surface of the water in the river, which is here 500 
yards wide, and even in the dry season forty feet deep. The stream is very 
rapid and violent, there being a fall between thirty and forty feet above 
the fort, and another of equal depth below. The base of the rock is 
washed on all sides except the north, and is there alone accessible ; but 
the rock has been artificially scarped. The fort, however, could with- 
out much difficulty be reduced by shells; and even before the introduction 
of artillery, was taken by 'Alau'd dm, the Pathan sovereign of Delhi, 
who reigned from 1295 to 1316. Distant direct from Kotah, south-west, 
twenty-two miles; from Ujjain, north, 127. Lat. 24 58', long. 75 36'. 

BANSTTRA. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh, on the right bank of 
the Chauka river. Pop. (1869), 2822. 

.BANSWADDL Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-west from 
Haidarabad eighty-one miles. Lat. 18 23', long. 77 57'. 

BANSWARA or BANSWARRA. State in Rajputana (with capital 
of the same name), between lat. 23 10' 23 48', and long. 74 2' 
74 41'. Area, 1500 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 152,045. The chief, who 
is known as the Maharawul, pays a yearly tribute of 3913 to the 
British Government : he has a force of 3 guns, 20 gunners, 60 cavalry, 
and 500 infantry. The Chief has a salute of 15 guns. 

BANSWARA. Capital of Banswara State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Mhow to Di'sa, 123 miles north-west of the former, 178 south-east 
of the latter. It is situate eight miles west of the left bank of the river 
Mahi, and has a rampart inclosing a considerable area ; much, however, 
of the inclosed space being occupied by gardens. The palace, or residence 
of the Maharawul, is a large turreted battlemented building, on a rising 
ground overlooking the town, and near a beautiful tank overhung with 
trees, access to the water being gained by a fine ghat. Within the town 
are some handsome Hindu temples and an extensive bazaar. Pop. 
(1881), 7908. Distance direct from Nimach, south-west, 76 miles; from 
Nasirabad, south, 200 ; from Ujjain, north-west, 91 ; from Bombay, 
north-east, 330; from Agra, south-west, 350. Lat. 23 30', long. 
74 24'. 

BANTHAR or BANTER. Town in TTnao district, Oudh. Pop. 
(1869), 2807. Lat. 26 29', long. 80 32'. 

BANTHLL See WANTHLI. 

BANTHRA. Thana in Lucknow district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
55,196. 

BANTWA. State (with capital of the same name) in Kathiawar, 
Bombay, between lat. 21 24' 21 39', and long. 70 0' 15" 70 18' 
45". Area, 221 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 28,536. The chief, who 
maintains a force of 216 men, pays a yearly tribute of 1682 to the 
British Government. The capital has a population (1881) of 7589. 

BANTWALA. Town in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 12 
53' 20", long. 75 4' 50". Situated on the river Naitravati, fourteen 
xnileb east of Mangalore. Pop. (1881), 3090. 



BAN BAR 73 

BANTJR. Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 6671. 

BAOLL Town in Meerut district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 5990. 

BAONI. Muhammadan State in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency, 
between lat. 25 53' 15" 26 7', and long. 79 42' 30" 80 30' 25". 
Area, 117 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 17,055. The chief has a salute of 
eleven guns. 

BAORL See Kiii BAOEI. 

BAP. Town in Jaisalmi'r State, Rajputana; on the route from the 
town of Bikaner to that of Jaisalmi'r, and 100 miles north-east of the 
latter. Bap is in lat. 27 22', long. 71 26'. 

BAPATLA. Town (in taluk of the same name) in Kistna district, 
Madras. Lat. 15 54' 30", long. 80 30' 25". Pop. (1881), 6068. 
Population of taluk (1871), 143,629. 

BAPITI. Town in Bikaner State, Rajputana, distant south-east from 
Bikaner forty-eight miles. Lat. 27 50', long. 74 8'. 

BAR. Thana in Lalitpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 21,411. 

BAR-ALL Road in Sibsagar district, Assam, twenty-two miles in 
length. 

BARA. Pargana in Benares district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 29,307. 

BARA. Thana in Allahabad district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
43,759. 

BARA. Thana in TJnao district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 91,835. 

BARA. Village in TJnao district, Oudh, containing two Hindu 
temples. Lat. 26 21', long. 80 46'. Pop. (1869), 1738. 

BARA. River of Afghanistan and Peshawur district, Punjab. It 
rises in Tirah, or the hilly tract lying between Sufed Koh and the Salt 
Range. From the benefits which it confers on the country through 
which it flows, it has, in conformity with Oriental feelings, become an 
object of veneration. The length of the river is about sixty miles. It 
enters the plain of Peshawur in lat. 33 53', long. 71 30'. The rice 
grown in this plain is considered by the Afghans superior to any other. 

BARA BANKL District in Oudh, between lat. 26 31' 30" 27 21' 
15", and long. 80 58' 81 54'. Area, 1768 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
1,026,788. It is bounded on the north and west by Sitapur and Lucknow, 
on the south by Rae Bareli and Sultanpur, on the east by Faizabad, and 
on the north-east by the Chauka and Gogra rivers. The chief towns are 
Nawabganj, Rudauli, and Zaidpur. The chief rivers are the Gogra and 
Gumti. The district is administered by a Deputy-Commissioner, two 
Assistant Commissioners, and staff. 

BARA BANKI. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Bara Banki 
district, Oudh. Lat. 26 56' 10", long. 81 13' 10". Area of the tahsil, 
357 sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 222,555. Pop. of town (1869), 14,489. 

BARA or BAREH. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Chapra to Ghazipur, seventeen miles east of the latter. It 
contains a population of 7042. Lat. 25 30', long. 83 51'. 

BARA DEHI. A hill in Cuttack district, Bengal. 

BARA DEVI. Hill in Hindur State, Punjab ; ten miles south of the 
left bank of the Satlaj, on the lofty range of mountains extending from 
north-west to south-east through the western part of that state. On tho 
summit is a small temple. Elevation above the sea, 7003 feet. Lat. 31 
11', long. 76 57'. 



74 BAR 

BARA LACHA. Pass in Kangra district, Punjab, 16,500 feet high. 
Lat. 32 49', long. 77 28'. 

BARA LOHAKUR. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Ah'garh to Delhi, and forty miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 28 22', long. 77 49'. 

BARABAR. Hills in Gaya district, Bengal. On one of the peaks 
there is a sacred temple, to which pilgrims of the male sex repair every 
September to the number of between ten and twenty thousand. 

BARABATI FORT. Port of Cuttack, in Cuttack district, Bengal, 
situated on the south bank of the Katiuri river. Lat. 20 29, long. 
85 56'. 

BARABHUM. Thana in Manbhum district, Bengal. Area, 648 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 133,847. 

BARABTTTTL See BAEABATI. 

BARACHATL Village in Gaya district, Bengal. Lat. 24 30' 10", 
long. 85 3' 10". Also thana. Area, 352 sq. miles. Pop. (1881) 
96,211. 

BARAGAL A hill in Chutia Nagpur, Bengal, 3445 feet high. Lat. 
23 32' 45", long. 85 29' 45". 

BARAGAON. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 10,847. 
Bi-weekly market. 

BARAGAON. Thana in Benares district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
61,643. 

BARAGAON. Thana in Jhansi district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
18,008. 

BARAGAON. Pargana in Shahjahanpur district, KAV.P. Pop. 
(1881), 45,989. 

BARAGAON. Thana in Samur district, Bengal. Area, 413 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 284,681. 

BARAGARI. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
5668. 

BARAGHL Town in Chhota TJdaipur State, Bengal ; distant north 
from Udaipur seven miles. Lat. 22 44', long. 83 22'. 

BARAGU POINT. The southernmost point of land on the coast of 
Pegu. Lat. 15 44', long. 95 30'. 

BARAH. Tahsil in Allahabad district, KW.P. Area, 247 sq. miles 
Pop. (1881), 53,430. 

BARAH. Town in Cawnpore district, N.~W.P. ; on the route from 
Cawnpore to Kalpi, and twenty-six miles north-east of the latter. Lat. 
26 23', long. 80 5'. 

BARAH. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 30' 30", 
long. 83 54' 15". Pop. (1872), 5424. 

BARAH. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Banda to Mirzapur, ninety miles east of the former. Lat. 25 14', long. 
81 49'. 

BARAHARI. Thana in Rangpur district, Bengal. Area, 199 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 142,512. 

BARAH AUT. Town in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the right bank 
of the Bhagirathi river. Barahaut is in lat. 30 43', long. 78 29'. 

BARAHTTLLI. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-west from 
Haidarabad 111 miles. Lat. 18 34', long. 77 23'. 



BAR 75 

BARAL See BHEEA. 

BARAIL. Hills in Cachar district, Assam, between lat. 25 25 32', 
and long. 93 9' 93 46'. 

BARAK (or STJRMA). River of Cachar and Sylhet districts, Assam. 
It finally falls into the Meghua. 

BARAKHAR. River of Chutia Nagpur and Hazaribagh, Bardwan, 
and Manbhum districts, Bengal. It falls into the Damodar. 

BARAKHATTA. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
11,393. 

BARAKILA and TALIBUNDA. Hills in Bellary district, Madras. 

BARAKTJDTJ. A part of Yizagapatam district, Madras. See GODAIRI. 

BARAKULIA KHAL. River in Twenty -four Parganas district, 
Bengal. 

BARAL. River of Rajshahi and Pabna districts, Bengal. A branch 
of the Gangetic delta. 

BARALOKPUR. Thana in Etawah district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
24,406. 

B ARAM AH AL. Part of the Salem and North Arcot districts, Madras, 
ceded to the British in 1792. Between lat. 12 5' 12 45' and long. 
78 10' 79 30'. 

BARAMANDEL. Pargana in Kurnaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
60,848. 

BARAMATI. Town and municipality in Poona district, Bombay. 
Lat. 18 8' 30", long. 74 36' 45". Pop. (1881), 5272. 

BARAMBA. A State of Orissa, between lat. 20 22' 15" 20 31' 40", 
and long. 85 15' 85 31' 30". Area, 124 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
29,772. It is bounded on the north by Hindol, on the east by Tigaria, 
on the south by Banki and Khandpara, and on the west by Narsinhpur. 
The Rajah, who maintains a force of 652 men, pays a yearly tribute of 
140 to the British Government. The capital (B^aramba) is in lat. 20 
25' 15", and long. 82 22' 41". 

BARAMULA. A gorge in Kashmir, in the mountains forming the 
south-western boundary of the valley. Through this aperture the Jhelum 
flows, draining the whole of this extensive basin. The town is situate 
on the west or right bank of the river, here crossed by a bridge of eight 
piers. Baramula is in lat. 34 10', long. 74 30'. 

BARAMUTTI. See BARAMATI. 

BARAN. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Bulandshahr district, 
KW.P. Area of tahsil, 478 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 264,365. See 
BTJLANDSHAHE. 

BARAN. Town in Kotah State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 7714. 

BARANAGAR. Tillage on the Hugh' river, in Twenty-four Par- 
ganas district, Bengal. Also thana. Area, seventy-eight sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 29,982. 

BARANDA. See BAEENDA PASS. 

BARA-POL. River of Coorg State and Malabar district, Madras. 

B AR AS ARA. Thana in Lohardaga district, Bengal. Area, 301 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 14,667. 

BARASAT. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the same name), 
in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Lat. 22 43' 24", long. 88 
31' 45". Pop. (1881), 10,533. Area of subdivision, 389 sq. miles. 



76 BAR 

Pop. (1881), 272,574. Also thana. Area, 104 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
73,131. 

BARASET. See BARASAT. 

BARASHL See BARASIA. 

BARASIA RIVER. An offset (twenty-five miles in length) of the 
Madhumati river in Jessor district, Bengal. 

BARASITJN. Pargana in Garhwal district, N.AV.P. Pop. (1881), 
48,220. 

BARATHOR. Town in Nepal State ; distant north-west from 
Khatraandu ninety-four miles. Lat. 28 30', long. 84 4'. 

BARAULL Pargana in Aligarh district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 9288. 

BARAUNDA. State (with capital of the same name) in Bundelkhand, 
Central India Agency. Area, 238 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 17,283. The 
chief has a salute of nine guns, and a force of twenty horse, 170 infantry 
and police, and three guns. Lat. of capital, 25 2' 5", long. 80 40' 25". 

BARAIJNDA. Village in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the city of Mirzapur to Eewah, and twenty-five miles south-west of 
the former. Elevation above the sea, 500 feet. Lat. 24 57', long., 
82 12'. 

BARATOSA. Village in Sultanpur district, Oudh; eighty miles 
south-east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 21', long. 82 12'. 

BARAUT. See BAROT. 

B ARE ASPTTR. State in Raipur district, Central Provinces. Between 
lat. 21 40' 45" 21 43', and lat. 81 10' 15" 81 12' 30". Area, 43 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3715. 

BARBIGHA. Town in Monghyr district, Bengal. Lat. 25 14', long. 
85 49'. Pop. (1881), 7904. 

BARGEM. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 579. 

BARCTIR (or BARKTIRTT). See BARKTJR. 

BARDA. Thana in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 41,578. 

BARDA. A division of Kathiawar, Guzerat Province, Bombay ; 
between lat. 21 11' 21 57', and long. 69 30' 70 7'. Area, 570 sq. 
miles. Pop. 46,980. 

BARDA HILLS. Hills in Kathiawar, Guzerat Province, Bombay. 

BARDEZ. Province in Goa district, Portuguese India. Area, 225 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 109,951. 

BARDHA. Village in Damoh district, Central Provinces. Area, 
17,531 acres. Pop. 1000. 

BARDOLI. Subdivision in Surat district, Bombay. Area, 222 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 76,100. 

BARDOLI. Town of Wusravi State, Rewa Kantha, Bombay ; distant 
east from Surat twenty miles. Lat. 21 4', long. 73 10'. 

BARDWAN. A division of Bengal; between lat. 21 36' 45" 
24 9' 30", and long. 86 35' 45" 88 32' 45". Area, 13,855 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 7,393,954. It comprises Bardwan, Hugli with Howrah, 
Midnapur, Bankura, and Birbhum districts. 

BARDWAN. A district of Bengal; between lat. 22 4623 53', 
and long. 86 5288 27' 30". Area, 2697 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
1,391,823. Bounded on the north by the Santal Parganas, Birbhum, 
and Murshidabad districts ; on the east by Nadiya district ; on the south 



BAR 77 

by Hugli and Midnapur districts ; and on the west by Bankura and 
Manbhum districts. The chief rivers are the Hugh', Damodar, and 
Dhalkisor. The chief towns are Bardwan, Kalna, Syambazar, and 
Raniganj. The Maharaja of Bardwan, who is one of the most prosperous 
Zammdars under the permanent Settlement in Bengal, has a personal 
salute of thirteen guns. 

BARDWAN. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the sume 
name) in Bardwan district, Bengal. Lat. 23 14' 10", long. 87 53' 55". 
Pop. (1881), 34,080. Area of subdivision, 1242 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
639,593. Also th ana. Area, 185 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 61,410. 
BARDWAR. Keserve of forest in Kamrup district, Assam. 
BAREILLY. A district in the Rohilkhand division of the N.W.P. ; 
between lat. 28 1' 28 54', and long. 79 1' 15" 80 29' 30". Area, 
1614 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,030,936. It is bounded on the north by 
the Tarai, on the east by Nepal and Shahjahanpur, on the south by 
Shahjahanpur and Budaun, and on the west by Budaun and the Eampur 
State. The chief towns are Bareli (Bareilly) and Pilibhit. This district, 
which was ceded to the British in 1801, is administered by a Magistrate- 
Collector, two Joint Magistrates, two Assistant Magistrates, and one 
Deputy Magistrate. 

BAREILLY. Capital of Bareilly district, KW.P. (in tahsfl of same 
name), situate on the Ramganga river. Lat. 28 22' 9", long. 79 26' 38". 
Pop. (1881), 113,417. Pop. of tahsil (1881), 285,731. Also thana. 
Pop. (1881), 194,197. Bareiily contains some fine mosques, besides 
a Government College and several high-class schools. 

BAREL. Hills in the Naga Hills district, Assam Province. Lat. 
25 25 32', long. 93 9' 93 46'. 

BARELA. Forest in Mandla district, Central Provinces ; between 
lat. 22 58' 45" 23 2', long. 80 12' 30" 80 16' 30". Area, about 
ten sq. miles. 

BARELA. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces ; ten miles 
south-east of Jabalpur. Lat. 23 6', long. 80 5' 30". Pop. (1881), 2733. 
BARELI. See BAREILLY. 

BARENDA. Pass (15,095 feet high) in Bashahr State, Punjab. Lat. 
31 23', long. 78 12'. 

BARENG. Valley and river in Kashmir State. The valley lies 
between lat. 33 20' 33 30', and long. 75 10' 75 26'. 

BARENGL Town in Cuttack district, Bengal ; forty miles west of 
Point Palmyras, and forty miles north-east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 40', 
long. 86 30'. 

BARETHA. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh, on the bank of the 
Gogra. Containing several temples. Pop. (1869), 2550. 

BAREWELLL Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south-west from 
Haidarabad ninety-five miles. Lat. 16 4', long. 78. 

BARGA. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab ; leading across the range of 
the Himalaya bounding the part of Bashahr called Kunawar on the south. 
This, with three other passes, occurs in a space of little more than a mile. 
Of these Barga is the lowest, and probably has not an elevation of more 
15,000 feet above the sea. Lat. 31 16', long. 78 19'. 

BARGAON. Chiefship in Balaghat district, Central Provinces. Area, 
2 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 247. 



78 BAR 

BARGARH. Thana in Banda district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 9794. 

BARGARH. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Sambalpur district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 21 21' 15", long. 83 43' 15". Area of tahsil, 
2763 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 396,138. 

BARGATIT. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
22 29', long. 81 11'. 

BARK. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the same name) in 
Patna district, Bengal. Lat. 25 29' 10", long. 85 45' 12". Pop. (1881), 
14,689. Area of subdivision, 557 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 376,074. 
Also thana. Area, 267 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 194,199. 

BARHA. Village in Narsinhpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2691. 

BARHAJ. Town in Gorakhpur district, KW.P., on the river Rapti. 
Lat. 26 16' 40", long. 83 46' 5". Pop. (1881), 11,715. There is a 
considerable fair held every October. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 77,300. 

BARHALGANJ. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P., on the river 
Gogra. Lat. 26 17', long. 83 33' 15". There is a fair held annually 
in October. Pop. (1881), 5779. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 106,404. 

BARHAMPUR. See BEEHAMPORE. 

BARHANUDDIN. Thana in Barkarganj district, Bengal. Area, 
353 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 89,061. 

BARHAPURA. Pargana in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
29,067. 

BARHAR. Pargana in Mirzapur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
75,699. 

BARHETA. Town in !N"arsinhpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2070. 

BARHI. Village in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Also thana. Area, 
353 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 52,054. 

BARHI. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
2039. 

BARHI. Thana in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
49,088. 

BARHIYA. Town in Monghyr district, Bengal. Lat. 25 17' 30", 
long. 86 3' 40". Pop. (1872), 10,405. 

BARHPURA. Thana in Etawah district, N.AV.P. Pop. (1881), 
21,282. 

BARI. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Sitapur district, Oudh. 
Pop. (1869), 3042. Area of tahsil, 498 sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 238,528. 
Also pargana. Area, 125 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 54,030. 

BARI. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the left bank of the 
Jumna. Lat. 30 55', long. 78 26'. 

BARI. Town in Dholpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 38', long. 
77 42'. Pop. (1881), 11,547. 

BARI. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; the principal 
place of a pargana of same name. It is situate in a mountainous country 
on the north or left bank of the river Jamnir. Distant south-east of the 
town of Bhopal forty-six miles. Lat. 23 8', long. 78 4'. 

BARI. Town in Ghazi'pur district, N.W.P., on the right bank of the 
Ganges, at the confluence of the Karamnasa. Distant north-west from 
Calcutta 400 miles. Lat. 25 32', long. 83 52'. 



BAR 79 

BARI. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh ; distant north from Lucknow 
twenty-nine miles. Lat. 27 15', long. 80 53'. 

BARI DOAB. One of the natural sections into which the Punjab is 
divided. Between lat. 29 18' 32 14', and long. 71 4' 75 25'. 
It lies between the river Havi on the north-west, and the Ghara 
or Sutlej and the Bias rivers on the south-east. Its length is 370 miles, 
and its average breadth about forty-five. Though not the most extensive, 
this Doab is one of the most important of those of the Punjab, both in 
a commercial and agricultural point of view. It contains the Gurdaspur 
and Amritsar districts, and parts of Lahar, Montgomery and Multan 
districts, and also the towns of Lahore, Multan and Amritsar, and is 
traversed from north-east to south-west by the great Bari Doab 
canal, q.v. 

BARI DOAB CANAL. Canal in Gurdaspur, Amritsar and Lahore 
districts, Punjab. 

BARIA. State (with capital of the same name) in Bewa Kantha, in 
Guzerat Province, Bombay. Between lat. 22 21' 22 58', and long. 
730 4i/ 740 ig^ it i s bounded on the east and west by Panch Mahals 
district, on the north by Lunawara and Simth States, and on the south by 
Chota Udaipur State. Area, 813 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 66,822. The 
chief, who pays a tribute of 1200 to the British Government, and 
maintains a military force of 247 men, has a salute of nine guns. Lat. of 
capital, 22 44', long. 73 56' 30" Pop. (1881), 2457. 

BARIBELACHLTI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 129. 

BARIGURA. Town in Kewah State, Baghelkhand, Central India 
Agency. Pop. (1881), 6625. 

BARIPUR. Village in Mirzapur district, KW.P., on the left bank 
of the Ganges; distant north-west from Calcutta, by the river, 749 
miles ; south-east from tbe city of Allahabad, by the same course, 77. 
Lat. 25 16', long. 82 15'. 

BARISAL. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the same name), 
in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Lat. 22 41' 40", long. 90 24' 30". Pop. 
(1881), 13,136. Area of subdivision, 964 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 
711,180. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 126,919. 

BARKAL. Hills and rapids in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal. 

BARKALUR. Town in North Kanara district, Bombay. Lat. 13 
50', long. 74 53'. 

BARKARUNDL Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces; distant 
south-east from Nagpur, ninety miles. Lat. 20 27', long. 80 20'. 

BARKHERA. State in the Bhil Agency, Central India. The Chhota 
Bhumia, Bhawani Sinh, pays to the Dhar State 15 on four villages. 

BARKHERA. State in the Bhil Agency, Central India. The chief, 
or Bara Bhumia, has relations both with Dhar and with Sindhia. He holds 
from Dhar three villages in Dharmpuri, subject to a payment of 86 12s. ; 
from Sindhia he holds certain villages in the Sagor pargana, on which he 
pays 165; and also five villages in Dektaun, on which he pays 
140. 

BARKHERA. Thana in Pilibhit district, N.~\V.P. Pop. (1881), 
45,170. 

BARKOP. Hills in Santal Parganas. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
44,205. 



80 BAR 

BARKTTR. Town (in subdivision of the same name) in South Kanara 
district, Madras. Lat. 13 28' 30", long. 74 47' 50". Contains ruins of 
Buddhist temples. Pop. (1871), 851. 

BARLA. Thana in Ali'garh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 25,904. 

BARMNARA. Chief ship in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 
4065. The Chief pays a yearly tribute of 901 rupees to the Gaekwar. 

BARMTJL PASS. Pass in Daspalla State, Orissa. Lat. 20 30', 
long. 84 50'. 

BARN A. Pargana in Etah district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 16,256. 

BARNADI. River of Kamrup and Darrang districts, Assam. It falls 
into the Brahmaputra. Lat. 26 13', long. 91 Q 48'. 

BARNAGAR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Pop. 
(1881), 7908. 

BARNAHAL. Pargana in Mainpuri district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
44,553. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 30,810. 

BARODA. State in Bombay Presidency, but subordinate to the 
Government of India ; between lat. 21 51' 22 49', and long. 72 53' 
73 55'. Area, 8570 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2,185,005. The chief 
rivers are the Nerbudda, Tapti, Mahi, Saraswati, and Sabarmati. The 
only mountain range is the liajpipla Hills. The chief, known as the 
Gaekwar, maintains a force of five batteries of artillery, with 400 artillery- 
men, and twenty guns ; a cavalry force of 120 officers and men, and six 
regiments of infantry a total of 3126 of all ranks. He is entitled to 
a salute of twenty-one guns. 

BARODA. Division in State of same name. Area, 1906 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 654,489. Also district. Area, 309 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
90,094. 

BARODA. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat, 29 9' 30", 
long. 76 40' 30". Pop. (1881), 5900. 

BARODA. Chief ship in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 1323 sq. miles. 

BARODA CITY. Capital of Baroda State. Lat. 22 17' 30", and 
long. 73 16'. Pop. (1881), 101,818. The cantonment has an area of 
1 sq. mile, and a pop. (1881) of 4694. 

BARODSAIR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Pop. 
(1881), 6787. 

BARONDA. Town in Rewah State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south from Rewah thirty miles. Lat. 24 6', long. 81 18'. 

BAROT. Thana in Meerut district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 81,168. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 59,169. 

BAROT. Thana in Allahabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 28,229. 

BAROT. Town and municipality in Meerut district, N.W.P. ; distant 
twenty-seven miles from Meerut; lies on left bank of Eastern Jumna 
Canal. Lat. 29 6' 5", long. 77 18' 35". Pop. (1881), 7956. 

BARF ALL State (with chief town of the same name) of Sambalpur 
district, Central Provinces. Area, 180 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 29,163. 
Lat. of capital, 21 11', long. 83 37' 45". Pop. (1881), 4125. 

BARPETA. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Kamrup district, 
Assam ; situated on the Chaul Khoya river. Lat. 26 19' 45", long. 91 
3' 20". Pop. (1872), 13,100. Area of subdivision, 334 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1872), 146,218. 

BARR. See BAEH. 



BAR 81 

BARRA. Town in Thana (Tanna) district, Bombay; on the river 
Baitaram, thirty miles north of Kalyan. Lat. 19 40', long:. 73 IT. 

BARRABHUM (or BAHARAGARH). A part of Singbhum district, 
Bengal. Between lat. 22 48' 23 10', and long. 86 9' 86 52'. 
Area, 860 sq. miles. 

BARRACKPUR. Town and municipality in the Twenty-four 
Parganas district, Bengal (in subdivision of same name). Lat. 22 45' 40", 
long. 88 23' 52" Pop. (1872), 9591. There is an important Cantonment 
here ; also a country residence of the Viceroy. It is on the left bank of 
the Hugli river, here about three-quarters of a mile wide, fifteen miles 
above Calcutta. About 1300 native troops are usually stationed at this 
place, hutted in commodious lines, and adjoining are the bungalows of the 
European officers. The house of the Governor-General is handsome and 
commodious, but not very spacious. It is situate in a park of about 250 
acres, laid out with great taste and picturesque effect, the surface being 
artificially varied in elevation with much judgment, and offering as 
beautiful a display of turf, tree, and flowering shrub, as any spot in the 
world can produce. Barrackpur was the scene of an outbreak during the 
Mutiny of 18578. Area of subdivision, forty-three sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 62,417. There is also a thana. Pop. (1881), 21,660. 

BARRACKUR. See BARAKHAR. 

BARRAH. Town in Kotah State, Rajputana : on the route from 
Kalpi to the city of Kotah, 275 miles south-west of former, forty-six east 
of latter. Lat. 25 7', long. 76 33'. 

BARRIAH, or DEOGHUR BARRIAH. See BARIA. 

BARRIPUR. Subdivision in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. 
Area, 442 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 199,488. Also thana. Area, 108 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 75,830. 

BARSANA. Thana in Muttra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
16,752. 

BAR8I. Town (in subdivision of the same name) in Sholapur district, 
Bombay. Lat. 18 13' 30", long. 75 44' 30". Pop. (1881), 16,120. 
Area of subdivision, 596 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 110,046. 

BARSI-TAKLL Town in Akola district, Berar. Pop. (1881), 5377. 

BARSINHPUR. Town in Unao district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2285. 

BARSOL Village in Purniah district, Bengal. Situate on the left 
bank of the Mahananda. Lat. 25 37' 15", long. 87 58' 26". A large 
market is held weekly in this village. 

BARTI. Village in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana : seventy-one miles 
north-east of the town of Jaisalmir. Lat. 27 20', long. 71 59'. 

BARTI BARAI. Town in Narsinhpur district, Central Provinces ; 
seventy-five miles south from Sagar, seventy miles east of Hoshangabad. 
Lat. 22 46', long. 78 49'. 

BARUIPTJR. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the same 
name) in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Lat. 22 21' 30", 
long. 88 29'. Pop. (1869), 3231. Area of subdivision, 449 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1872), 196,410. 

BARTTL. Village in Bardwan district, Bengal. Lat. 23 44', long. 
87 9'. It is situated in the centre of an iron-field. 

BARUMGTJLA. See BARAMULA. 

BARUNIBUNTA. Hills in Cuttack district, Bengal. 

6 



82 BAR BAS 

BARTIR. Town in Ellichpur district, Berar. Lat. 21 8' 30", long. 
77 46'. Pop. (1868), 7065. 

BARTJT. Town in Haidarabad State, distant north-east from Nandair 
ten miles. Lat. 19 14', long. 77 3i'. 

BARTIYA. Thana in Lohardaga district, Bengal. Area, 578 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 51,080. 

BARWA or BARWAH. Town (in State of same name) in Ganjam 
district, Madras. Lat. 18 52' 40", long. 84 37' 35". Pop. (1881), 4298. 

BARWA SAGAR. Town in Jhansi district, KW.P. Lat. 25 22' 
35", long. 78 46' 35". Pop. (1881), 6315. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
12,919. 

BARWALA. Town in Ahmedabad district, Bombay ; on the left 
bank of the river TJtauli. Lat. 22 8' 15", long. 71 57' 30". Pop. 
(1872), 5813. 

BARWALA. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Hissar district, 
Punjab. Pop. (1868), 3305. Area of tahsil, 580 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 75,549. 

BAR WAN. Town (in pargana of the same name) in Hardoi district, 
Oudh. Pop. (1869), 1584. Area of pargana, 53 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 17,870. 

BAR WAN. Thana in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Area, 146 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 96,868. 

BARWANI. State in the Deputy Bhil Agency, in Central India 
Agency. Area, 1362 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 56,445. The Rana has a 
salute of nine guns. 

BARWANI. Capital of State of same name. Pop. (1881), 5581. 

BARWAR. Town in Kheri district, Oudh. Lat. 27 50', long. 80 
24'. Pop. (1869), 3407. 

BASAHARI. Town in Saugor district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2059. 

BASANTA. River in Gurdaspur district, Punjab, falling into the 
Bavi. 

BASANTGANJ. Town in Ttai Bareli district, Oudh ; sixty-five miles 
south-east of Lucknow, seventy south-east of Cawnpore, fifty-five north- 
west of Allahabad. Population about 6000, Lat. 26, long. 81 20'. 

BASANTIA. Village in Jessor district, Bengal; on the Bhairab 
river. Lat. 23 8', long. 89 24'. 

BASANTPTJR. Tillage at the confluence of the Kalindi and Jamuna 
rivers, in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. A centre of the 
trade in paddy. Lat. 22 27' 30", long. 89 2' 15". Pop. (1857), 224. 

B AS ANTPUR. Village in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. Lat. 26 
1', long. 85 7'. Pop. (1872), 5130. 

BASANTPTJR. Town in Lucknow district, Oudh; distant south- 
east from Lucknow twenty-nine miles. Lat. 26 42', long. 81 28'. 

BASAUDEMTSO. A large lake in Thibet, sixty miles in circum- 
ference. The centre of the lake is about lat. 29 40', long. 94 35'. 

BASAVANAHALLI. There are three villages in Coorg bearing this 
name, the population (1881) being respectively 80, 58, and 18. 

BASAVANAHARE. Village in Coorg, Madras. 

B AS AVANAKOPPLTL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 82. 

BASAVANAKUKKE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 12. 



BAS 83 

BASAVANATTTTR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1871), 76. 

BASERA (or BASEDA). Village in Muzaffarnagar district, JS T .W.P. 
Pop. (1872), 3832. 

BASHAHR. A Punjab Hill State, between lat, 31 6' 30" 32 4' 
30", and long. 77 32' 15" 79 2' 30". Area, 3320 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 64,345. The Raja pays a tribute of 394 to the British Govern- 
ment. 

BASHTA. Thana in Bijnaur district, 1ST.W.P. Pop. (1881), 26,743. 

BASHTA. Town in Bijnaur district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Meerut to Chilkea, thirty-one miles east of the former. Lat. 29 3', 
long. 78 18'. 

BASL Thana in Saharanpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 11,738. 

BASL Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 12,896. 

BASL Town in Kalsia State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 4907. 

BASI TANG. Hills in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal. The 
principal, peak (lat. 21 31', long. 92 29') is 2181 feet high. 

BASIM. District in Berar. Between lat. 19 26' 20 31', and long. 
76 39' 78 T. Bounded on the north by Akola and Amraoti districts, 
on the south by the Penganga river and the Nizam's Dominions, on the 
east by Wun district, and on the west by Buldana district. Area, 2958 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 358,883. The chief rivers are the Pus and 
Kata Purna. The chief town is Basim. The district is administered by 
a Deputy Commissioner and staff. 

BASIM. Town and municipality (in taluk of the same name) in 
Basim district, Berar. Lat. 20 6' 45", long. 77 11. Pop. (1881), 
11,576. Area of taluk, 1051 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 157,690. 

BASIN AKONDA. Crag in Cuddapah district, Madras, 2800 feet 
above the level of the sea : on its summit is a pagoda dedicated to 
Vekatashaswami. 

BASIRHAT. Subdivision in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. 
Area, 363 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 323,061. Also thana. Area, 99 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 76,337. 

BASIRHAT. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Twenty-four 
Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 14,843. 

BASKHARL Town in Faizabad district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
2506. 

BASMANGL Hill in Tumkur district, Mysore State, with a temple 
on its summit. Lat. 13 44', long. 77 6'. 

BASNI. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Pokaran to Jodhpur, and twelve miles north of the latter. It is situate 
on the banks of a torrent, whicli in the rainy season discharges itself into 
the river Loni. "Wells are numerous ; but the water which they yield is 
brackish. Lat. 26 27', long. 73 U 12'. 

BASODA or BASONDA. Town in Gwalior State, Central India 
Agency ; on the route from Tehri to Ujjain, 78 miles south-west of 
former, 188 north-east of latter. Pop. about 10,000. Lat. 23 51', 
long. 77 58'. 

BASODA. State in the Bhopal Agency, Central India Agency. Area, 
22 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 7722. The military force consists of 3 guns, 
8 artillerymen, 12 sowars, and 60 policemen. The capital is in lat. 
23 50' 50", long. 77 55'. 



84 BAS 

BASORHI. Pargana in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Area, 34 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 21,374. 

BASRA. Village on the Bidyadhari river, in the Twenty-four 
Parganas district, Bengal, and a station on the Calcutta and South- 
Eastern Railway. Lat. 22 22', long. 88 37'. Centre of timber trade. 

BASREHAR. Thana in Etawah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
40,300. 

BASRTJR. Town in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 13 40', 
long. 75 10'. Pop. (1871), 1570. 

BASSANTPUR. Thana in Saran district, Bengal. Area, 246 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 211,476. 

BASSEIN. Island off the coast of the Konkan, Bombay; between 
lat. 19 20' 19 28', and long. 72 48' 72 54'. Area, 35 sq. miles. 

BASSEIN ( WAS AI). Town (in subdivision of same name) in Tanna 
district, Bombay ; also station on the Bombay, Baroda and Central India 
Railway. Lat. 19 20' 20", long 72 51' 20". Pop. (1881), 10,357. 
Noteworthy as the spot which gave its name to the treaty concluded with 
the Peshwa in 1802. Area of subdivision, 221 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
68,967. 

BASSEIN. A district in the Pegu division, British Burma ; between 
lat. 15 44' 30" 17 59' 15", and long. 94 15' 95 40' 15". Area, 
7047 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 389,419. Bounded on the north by 
Henzada and Sandowy districts ; on the south and west by the sea ; and 
on the east by Thon-Khwa and branches of the Irawadi delta. The chief 
river is the Irawadi. The chief mountains are Arakan Hills. The chief 
town is Bassein. The administration is conducted by a Deputy Com- 
missioner, and a staff of Assistant Commissioners and others. 

BASSEIN. River in British Burma ; chief western branch of the 
Irawadi delta. 

BASSEIN. Township on the left bank of the Bassein river, in 
Bassein district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 17,695. 

BASSEIN. Town and municipality in Bassein district, British Burma ; 
situated on both banks of the Bassein river. Lat. 16 46', long. 
94 48' 10". Pop. (1881), 28,147. A great centre of rice trade. 

BASSIA. Thana in Lohardaga district. Bengal. Area, 860 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 88,234. 

BASSIM. See BASIM. 

BASSWARAJE DRUG. Fort in the British district of North Kanara, 
presidency of Madras, called by the British navigators Fortified Island, 
from the defences erected on it by an ancient Mysorean raja. Distant 
direct from Mangalore, north, 105 miles ; from Bombay, south, 340. 
Lat. 14 18', long. 74 29'. 

BASTA. Thana in, Balasor district, Orissa. Area, 190 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 71,186. 

BASTAR. State in 'Upper Godavari district, Central Provinces; 
between lat. 17 46' 20 37', and long. 80 18' 82 21'. Bounded ou 
the north by Raipur district ; on the south by Sironcha ; on the east by 
Raipur and Jaipur States ; and on the west by Ahiri State. Pop. (1881 ), 
196,248. Area, 13,062 sq. miles. The chief town is Jagdalpur. The 
chief mountains are the Bela Dfla. The chief rivers are the Indravuii 
&nd other tributaries of the Godavaii. 



EAS EAT 85 

BASTENDA. Town in Goalpara district, Assam ; on the route from. 
Rangpur to Goalpara, thirty-eight miles west of the latter. Lat. 26, 
long. 90 5'. 

BASIL A district of the Benares division, N.W.P. ; between 
lat. 26 24' 45" 27 30', and long. 82 17' 83 20'. Area, 2753 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,630,612. It is bounded on the north by 
[Nepal ; on the south and west by Oudh ; and on the east by Gorakhpur 
district, N.W.P. The chief rivers are the Rapti and Koana. Tke chief 
towns are Basti and Mendhawal. The district staff consists of a Magis- 
trate-Collector, an Assistant Magistrate, and a Deputy Magistrate. 

BASTI. Town (in tahsil of the same name) on the river Koana, in 
Basti district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 48' 30", long. 82 48' 10". Pop. (1881), 
5536. Area of tahsil, 549 sq. miles. Pup. (1881), 335,551. Also than a. 
Pop. (1881), 114,368. 

BASTI SHEKH. Suburb of Jullundur district, Punjab. Pop. 
8000. 

BASUDERPTJR. Thana in Pun district, Bengal. Area, 194 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 71,354. 

BASTJLABAD. Tahsil in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
102,168. 

BASTTNGPIR. Tillage in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana, eleven miles 
east of Jaisalmir. Lat. 26 55', long. 71 7'. 

BASTJNI. A town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; distant north-east 
from Jodhpur ninety-eight miles. Lat. 27 16', long. 74 15'. 

BASUNI. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Balotra to the town of Jodhpur, and eight miles south of the latter. Lat. 
26 13', long. 73 7'. 

BASUNTPUR. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
5107 

BASTJRHAT. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the same 
name) in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Lat. 22 40', long. 
88 53' 35". Pop. (1872), 12,105. Area of subdivision, 352 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1872), 268,146. 

BASUTEA. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Calcutta to Kedjeri, nine miles north of the latter. Lat. 22, long. 
88 2'. 

BASVA PATNA. Village in Shimoga district, Mysore State. Lat. 
14 12' 5", long. 75 50' 55". Pop. (1871), 1122. 

BASWA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 5791. 

BASWAPATAM (BASAVAPATNA). Town in Shimoga district, 
Mysore; distant west from Chittal Drug forty miles. Lat. 14 11', long. 
74 52'. 

BAT KUCHI. Town in Darrang district, Assam ; twenty miles north 
of Darrang. Lat. 26 40', long. 91 59'. 

BAT ALA. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name) in 
Gurdaspur district, Punjab. Lat. 31 48' 33", long. 75 14' 3". Pop. 
(1881), 24,281. Area of tahsil, 480 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 255,131. 

BAT ALA. Town in Amritsar district, Punjab ; distant north-east 
from Amritsar, twenty-four miles. Lat. 31 49', long. 75 14'. 

BATALI See MERANGI. 

BATE ISLAND. See BEYT ISLANL. 



86 BAT BAU 

BATEL. Town in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab ; situate thirty- 
one miles north-west of the town of Dera Ghazi Khan. Lat. 30 20', 
long. 70 25'. 

BATESAR. Town (in thand of same name) in Agra district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 26 56' 6", long. 78 35' 7". A great fair is annually held in this 
town, when upwards of 20,000 head of cattle are exposed for sale. Pop. 
ofthana(1881), 9979. 

BATHERL Town in Garhwal State, N.W.P., on the right bank of 
the Bhagirathi. Lat. 30 59', long. 78 36'. 

BATIM. Parish in llhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 871. 

BATINDA. Town in Patiala State, Punjab ; it is distant west from 
Patiala, ninety miles. Lat. 30 10', long. 75. 

BATKAGARH. State in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
22 35', long. 78 54' 15". Area, 161 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 10,460. 

BATKULL. Town in South Kanara district, Madras. Distance direct 
from Mangalore, north, eighty miles; Madras, north-west, 390. Lat. 
13 59", long. 74 36'. 

BATTA or BHTJTAH. Biver in Sirmur State, Punjab ; flowing into 
the Jumna. It rises seven miles south-east of Nahan. 

BATTANA. Town in Tanna district, Bombay. Lat. 19 30', long. 73'. 

BATTLAGUNDTI. See VALLILAKANDU. 

BATTY. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
950. 

BATJG. See BAGH. 

BATTG CHINL Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; 
distant north-west from Gwalior twenty-seven miles. Lat. 26 28', long. 
77 56'. 

BAUG NTJDDL River of the Orissa Tributary Mehals ; rising in lat. 
20 16', long. 8-4 14'. 

BAUGDA. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal, Lat. 23 12', long. 
88 50'. 

BAUGLI. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. It has a 
small fort. Distant fifty-four miles south-east from Ujjain. Lat. 22 38', 
long. 76 24'. Pop. 3000. 

BAUJPUR. Town in Wusravi State, Bombay; fifty-eight miles 
north-east from Surat, and thirty-four miles east from Wusravi. Lat. 
21 22', long. 73 48'. 

BAULAPUR. Town in Haidarabad State, on the route from Ellichpur 
to Aurungabad ; sixty-five miles south-west of former, 102 north-east of 
latter, on a tributary of the Tapti. Lat. 20 43', long. 76 50'. 

BATILEA. See RAMPUR BEAULEAH. 

BATJLIARI. Port (on an inlet of the same name) in Ahmedaba'd 
district, Bombay. Lat. 22 4' 30", long. 72 10' 30". 

BATIMI. Pass leading from the southern portion of Arakan into Pegu, 
British Burma. The crown of the pass is about lat. 17 25', long. 
94 50'. 

BAITN or UTUNGHUN. River of Jaipur, Bhartpur, and Dholpur 
States, Rajputana, and Agra district, N.W.P. It falls into the Jumna on 
its right side, in lat. 26 58', long. 78 31'. 

BATINDA. Town in Jhang district, Punjab ; fifty-eight miles north- 
east of the town of Multan. Lat. 30 46', long. 72 3'. 



BAIT B AX 87 

BATTNK. Village in Korea State, Chutia Xagpur, Bengal; forty -four 
miles north-west of Sarguja, 108 south of Mirzapur, 360 west of Calcutta. 
Lat. 23 34', long. 82 42'. 

BATJNSDA. See BANSDA. 

BATJNTWA. See BANTWA. 

BAUPHAL. Town in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 5055. 
Also thana. Area, 160 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 95,188. 

BAUPIIR. See BEEHAMPORE. 

BATJRA. State in the Kolhapur Agency, Bombay; between lat. 16 
24' 45" 16 43' 45", and long. 73 51' 45" 74 8' 30". It is bounded 
on the north, east, and south by Kolhapur, and on the west by the Ghats. 
Area, 83 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 43,439. The principal town is Baura. 
The Chief pays a yearly tribute of 342 to the Kolhapur State. 

BAURA. Town in Baura State, Kolhapur Agency. Lat. 16 32' 37", 
long. 73 51' 27". 

BATJRGARH. Hill in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 23 
V 30", long. 79 40'. 

BAURGARH. Hill in Betul district, Central Provinces. Lat. 22 11' 
33", long. 77 50' 30". An annual festival is held in the city, when from 
30,000 to 40,000 devotees attend to bathe in the sacred tank at the foot 
of the hill. 

BATJSHKERA. Village in Moradabad district, JS\W.P. ; on the route 
from the town of Moradabad to Almora, and twenty-seven miles north of 
the former. Lat. 29 10", long. 79. 

BATJSL Village inBhagalpur district, Bengal. Lat. 2450', long. 78 4'. 

BAUSUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north from Haidarabad 
110 miles. Lat. 18 53', long. 78. 

BAVALL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 517. 

BAV AN AP ADIT. Town in Ganjam district, Madras. Lat. 18 36', 
long. 84 24' 30". Pop., 960. A great trade in salt is carried on at this city. 

BAVISL Chiefship in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 38,60". 
The ruler pays a yearly tribute of 33,011 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

BAWAL. Town in Nabha State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 4781. 

BAWAN. Pargana in Hardoi district, Oudh. Area, 63 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 28,957. 

BAWAN BUZURG. Town in Kae Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
4607. 

BAWDI. Revenue circle in Thunkhwa district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 6756. 

BAWIGIRL Village in the Garo Hills district, Assam. Lat. 25 29', 
long. 90 37'. 

BAXA. A subdivision of Jalpaiguri district, Bengal. Also canton- 
ment (lat. 26 50', long. 89 36') in the same district, where a regiment 
of native Infantry is permanently located. 

BAXA. A western dwar of Jalpaiguri district, Bengal. Area, 300 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1872), 5142. 

BAXAR. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the same name) 
in Shahabad district, Bengal. Lat. 25 34' 24", long. 84 0' 46". Pup. 
(1881), 16,498. Area of subdivision, 656 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
423,193. Also thana. Area, 309 sq. miles. Pop. (1H81), 163,255. 

BAXAR. Village in TJnao district, Oudh. See BAKSAB. 



88 BAX BEA 

BAXAR CANAL. A branch (45 miles in length) of the Son Canal, in 
Shahabad district, Bengal. Lat. 25 1' 25 35' 30", long. 84 2' 84 8'. 

BAYNES' HILL. See NUNDYDKTJG. 

BAYPUR. See BEYPUR. 

BAYRA. A grain depot in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. 

BAYRA BIL. An extensive marsh in the Twenty-four Parganas 
district, Bengal ; covering an area of 40 sq. miles. Lat. 22 30' 22 
40' 45", long. 89 3' 89 8' 30" ; situated east of the Jamuna river. 

BAYTL Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route by the 
left bank of the Ganges from Allahabad cantonment to that of Benares, 
thirty miles south-east of the former, forty-four west of the latter. Lat. 
25 18', long. 82 22'. 

BAZAAR. Town in Bannu district, Punjab ; situate on the right 
bank of the Kuram river, sixty miles north of Dera Ismail Khan. Lat. 
32 39', long. 70 42'. 

BAZAR. Town in Peshawar district, Punjab ; situate fifty miles 
north-east of the town of Peshawar. Lat. 34 33', long. 72 10'. 

BAZARGAON Village in Nagpur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
21 8' 30", long. 78 48' 45". Pop. 2000. 

BAZIDPUR. Thana in Maimansinh district, Bengal. Area, 420 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 209,258. 

BAZPTJR. Thana in Tarai district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 33,932. 

BAZPTJR. Town in Moradibad district, N.'W.P. Lat. 29 9', long. 
79 10'. 

BEANLEAH. Thana in Rajshahi district, Bengal. Area, 122 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 100,887. 

BEARA. Town in Wusravi State, Bombay ; on the route from Bur- 
hanpur to the city of Surat. 190 miles west of former, 39 east of latter. 
Pop., about 4000. Lat. 21 4', long. 73 26'. 

BEAS River of the Punjab, rises on the southern verge of the Rotang 
pass, in Lahul, a Himalayan region north-east of the Punjab, and at a 
point 13,200 feet above the sea, in lat. 32 24', long. 77 11'. The river 
takes a southerly course of about eighty miles to Mandi, and has there a 
considerable body of water, and a width of from 150 to 200 yards, with 
a depth of twelve feet. The depth, however, in the warm season con- 
stantly varies, beginning to swell in the evening, attaining its maximum 
by morning, and declining through the day, losing about one-third of its 
water. This periodical change results from the melting of the snow 
diurnally by the heat of the sun. From Mandi the Beas runs a course 
of fifty miles, chiefly westerly, then takes a wide sweep of about eighty 
miles to the north-west, and having entered the plain of the Punjab, 
it turns southward, a course which it holds for about eighty miles further, 
to its confluence with the Sutlej, which takes place at Endrisa, near the 
village Hureki, on the borders of Kapurthala State, and in lat. 31 10', 
long. 75 4', after a course by the former river of 290 miles. The Beas 
is considered to be identical with the Hyphasis of Arrian, the Greek name 
being a corruption of the Sanskrit Vipasa. The united stream below the 
confluence bears the name of the Ghara until the confluence with the 
Chenab. 

BEAWAR (BEAWR). Town and municipality in Ajmere-Mhairwara 
district, Rajputana. Lat. 26 9' 15", long. 74 23' 20". Pop.(1881), 15,829. 



BEG BEG 89 

BECHORE. See PICHORE. 

BECHRAJI. Temple in Baroda State. Scene of a great religious 
festival in the month of As win (September October), to which about 
20,000 persons annually resort. 

BECTALTTNG. Town in Sylhet district, Assam ; on the left bank of 
a small rivulet running into the river Barak, fifty-two miles south-west 
of Sylhet. Lat. 24 25', long. 91 12'. 

BEDANGA (BELDANGA). Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23 56' 15", long. 88 18'. Pop. (1881), 5455. 

BEDDADANOL. Village in Gpdavari district, Madras ; thirty-five 
miles west of Rajahmundry. 

BEDER. See BIDAR. 

BEDNOR. Town in TJdaipur State, Rajputana ; distant north-west 
from Udaipur ninety- three miles. Lat. 25 51', long. 74 20'. 

BEDNTIR (or NAGAR). Village in Shimoga district, Mysore State. 
Once an important city, plundered by Haidar All to the extent of 
12,000,000. Lat. 13 50', long. 75 6'. Pop. (1871), 1295. 

BEEANS. See BiA^s. 

BEEHTJR. See BIHAR. 

BEEHUT. See BIHAT. 

BEEJAPOOR. See BIJAPUR. 

BEEJEE. See BHAJJI, BI'JA, BIJJI. 

BEEJEEPOOR. See BIJIPUR. 

BEEKANEER (or BTKANEER). See B!KAKER. 

BEERBHOOM. See Biiumoi. 

BEERCOOL. See BI'RKUL. 

BEERGUNJE See BIRGANJ. 

BEESULPOOR. See BISALPUR. 

BEGAMABAD. Town in Meerut district, KW.P. Station on Sind, 
Punjab, and Delhi Railway. Lat. 26 54' 38", long. 81 53' 35". Pop. 
(1872), 2889. There is also another town of the same name. Lat. 25 
51', long. 77 38'. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 45,751. 

BEGAMGANJ. Town in Noakhali district, Bengal ; on the route 
from Bhulua to Tipperah, fifteen miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
22 56', long. 91 9'. 

BEGAMGANJ. Tahsil of Gonda district, Oudh. Area, 658 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1869), 355,564. 

BEGAMGANJ. Village in Faizabad district, Oudh; on the route 
from Azamgarh to Faizabad, sixty-six miles north-west of the former, 
twenty south-east of the latter. Lat. 26 29', long. 82 22'. 

BEGAMGANJ. Thana in Noakhali district, Bengal. Area, 220 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 128,933. 

BEGERWAL. Village in Patiala State, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Ludhiana, and seventy-five miles north of the former town. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta 1051 miles. Lat. 30 6', long. 75 53'. 

BEGH. Village in Farrukhabad, N.W.P; on the route from the 
cantonment of Aligarh to that of Fatehgarh, and thirteen miles north- 
west of the latter. Lat. 27 26', long. 79 30'. 

BEGIEGHAT. Village in Saharanpur district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Karnal to Saharanpur. It is situate on the left bank of the Jumna. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta 976 miles. Lat. 29 45', long. 77 13 7 . 



90 BEG BEH 

BEGOKE. Village in Sfrsa district, Punjab ; on the route from TTansi 
to Bhatnair, and eighty miles north-west of the former. Lat. 29 31', 
long. 75 3'. 

BEGTT SARAL Subdivision of Monghyr district, Bengal; between 
lat. 25 15' 25 46' 30", and long. 85 51' 45" 86 35'. Area, 769 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 583,426. A centre of the indigo industry. Also 
thana. Area, 476 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 379,794. 

BEGUM. Town in Udaipur State, Kajputana. Pop. (1881), 5641. 

BEGUMPUR. Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the cantonment of Allahabad to Banda, and thirteen miles west of 
the former. Lat. 25 24', long. 81 46'. 

BEH AD ARPTJR. Village in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Meerut to Saharanpur, and six miles south-east of the town of 
Muzaffarnagar. Lat. 29 24', long. 77 50'. 

BEHAR. One of the four provinces of Bengal; between lat. 23 49' 
27 29', and long. 83 22' 88 35'. Its name is derived from the 
Sanskrit Vihdra, a monastery, with reference to the many Buddhist 
monasteries in the province, which was the cradle of the Buddhist faith. 
Behar, which was ceded to the British in 1765, contains the two divisions 
of Patna and Bhagalpur, and the eleven districts of Patna, Saran, Gaya, 
Shahabad, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Champaran, the Santal Parganas, 
Bhagalpur, Monghyr, and Purniah. Area, 44,139 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 23,127,104. 

BEHAR. Town (in pargana of the same name) in Partabgarh district, 
Oudh. See BIHAR. 

BEHAR. Town (in pargana of the same name) in Unao district, 
Oudh. See BIHAR. 

BEHAR. Municipal town (in subdivision of same name) in Patna 
district, Bengal. Lat. 25 11' 28 /; , long. 85 33' 50". Pop. (1881), 
46,968. Area of subdivision, 793 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 628,767. 
On the south bank of the Panchana river, which passes through this 
district, there is a sacred tomb, to which Muslims resort once a year, 
on which occasion a large fair is held. Also thana. Area, 297 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 282,283. 

BEHAR. Town in Kuch Behar State, Bengal ; distant north-east 
from Eangpur forty-one miles. Lat. 26 16', long. 89 29'. 

BEHAT. Thana in Saharanpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 52,736. 

BEHIR. Tahsil in Balaghat district, Central Provinces. Area, 1451 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 74,139. 

BEHLA. Town in Poona district, Bombay ; thirty-nine miles west of 
Ahmednagar. Lat. 19 8', long. 74 11'. 

BEHLAPTJR. Town in Ahmednagar district, Bombay ; on the left 
bank of the river Paira, thirty-five miles north of Ahmednagar. Lat. 
19 36', long. 74 39'. 

BEH RAH. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; distant south-west 
from Ajmere, 136 miles. Lat. 25 4', long. 73 15'. 

BEHRL See BERI. 

BEHRI. Town in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency; on the left 
bank of the Betwa, twenty miles south-east of Kalpi. Lat. 25 54', 
long. 79 58'. 

BEHROR. Town in Ulwar State, llajputana. Pop. (1881), 5533. 



BEH BEL 91 

BEHTL Village in Partabgarh district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 1733. 
Situated on the bank of a large lake covering an area of about ten 
square miles in the rains, and three square miles in the dry season. 
Contains three Hindu temples. 

BEHTI KALAN. Town in Eai Bareli district, Oudh ; with a Hindu 
temple. Pop. (1869), 4798. 

BEHUT. See BIHAT. 

BEIRWAL (or BHAIRIWAL A). Village in Patiala State, Punjab ; 
on the route from Hansi to Ludhiana, and thirty-nine miles south of the 
latter town ; distant north-west from Calcutta 1071 miles. Lat. 30 24', 
long. 75 58'. 

BETA. See BI'JA. 

BEJEYGARH. See BIJAIGARH. 

BEJIGARH. See BIJAIGAKH. 

BEKAL. Town in South Kanara district, Madras. "With large fort. 
Lat. 12 23' 45", long. 75 4' 3d". Pop. 1034. 

BEKKESODHUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 428. 

BELA. Thana in Etawah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 36,702. 

BELA. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; four miles from Partab- 
garh town, and thirty six from Allahabad, on the road from Allahabad to 
Eaizabad. Lat, 25 55' 30", long. 82 2' 10". Pop. (1869). 2746. 

BELA (VELA). Town in Kagpur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
20 46' 35", long. 79 3' 54". Pop. (1881), 4943. 

BELA. Town in Patna district, Bengal ; on the route from Gaya 
to Patna, forty-five miles south of the latter. Lat. 24 58', long. 
85 3'. 

BELAGAVI (BALAGAMI). Village in Shimoga district, Mysore 
State. Containing some of the finest ruined temples in the country. 
Lat. 14 24', long. 75 18'. Pop. (1871), 1491. 

BELAH or BEYLUH. Town in Etawah district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Etawah to Lucknow, and forty miles east of the former. Lat. 
26 49', long. 79 44'. 

BELAPUR. Port in Tanna district, Bombay. 

BELASPOOR. See BILASPUR. 

BELAURL Town in Satara district, Bombay; on the left bank of 
the Kistna river, fiftv-eight miles south-east of Satara. Lat. 16 59', 
long. 74 33'. 

BEL AUT. Ullage in Aligarh district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Muttra, and seventeen miles south-west of the former. 
Lat. 27 40', long. 78 2'. 

BELATITI. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Dinapur to Ghazipur, forty miles west of former, fifty-two east of latter. 
The town is in lat. 25 33', long. 84 28'. 

BEL AUTL Thana in Shahabad district, Bengal. Area, 252 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 195,879. 

BELBATHAN. Taluk in Santal Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. 
(1881), 11,134. 

BELDANGA. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal. See BEDANGA. 

BELERIAGANJ. Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Azamgarh to Gorakhpur, and ten miles north of the former. Distant 
north from Benares sixty-three miles. Lat. 26 11', long. 83 12'. 



92 BEL 

BELGACHL Thana in Faridpur district, Bengal. Area, 134 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 94,598. 

BELGAUM. A district in Bombay Presidency ; between lat. 15 22' 
16 56', and long. 74 4' 75 35'. Area, 4657 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
864,014. It is bounded on the north by Miraj State, north-east by 
Kaladgi district, east by Jamkhandi and Mudhol States, south by Dhar- 
\var and North Kanara districts, south-west by the territory of Goa, and 
west by Sawantwari and Kolhapur States. The chief towns are, Belgaum, 
Gokak, and Athni. The chief mountains are the Western Ghats. The 
chief rivers are the Kistna and Malprabha. The administration is con- 
ducted by a Collector and four assistants. 

BELGAUM. Town (in subdivision of same name) in the southern 
Marhatta country, Bombay; situated at an elevation of nearly 2500 feet 
above sea-level, on the northern slope of the basin of the Bellary water- 
course, an affluent of the Markandi river, which flows into the Ghat- 
prabha, one of the numerous tributaries of the Kistna (Krishna). Lat. 
15 51' 37", long. 74 33' 59". Pop. (1881), 23,115, excluding 9582 in 
the cantonment. Area of subdivision, 662 sq. miles. Pop. 118,895. 

BELGHARIA (BELGHTTRRIAH). Village in the Twenty-four 
Parganas district, Bengal, and a station on the Eastern Bengal Kail way, 
seven miles from Calcutta. 

BELGHAT. Thana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
69,576. 

BELGRAM. See BILGR!M. 

BELHA. Town in Partabgarli district, Oudh ; on the left bank of the 
Sai, five miles east of the town of Partabgarh. Distant east of Luckiiow 
115 miles, east of Allahabad, 33. Lat. 25 50', long. 82. 

BELHA. Town in Darbhangah district, Bengal; thirty-six miles 
north-east from Darbhangah, sixty-nine miles north of Monghyr. Lat. 
26 18', long. 86 30'. 

BELHA. Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. It is twenty miles 
south of Azamgarh, twenty-six north-west of Ghazfpur, thirty-four north- 
east of Benares, and in lat. 25 48', long. 83 13'. 

BELHABATCS Pargana in Azamgarh district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
39,884. 

BELHARL Chiefship, Central India Agency. Pop. (1881), 3331. 

BELHARI. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces; on the 
route from Allahabad to Jabalpur, 220 miles south-west of former, and 
fifty-two north-east of latter. There are some fine Hindu temples in the 
town and its environs. Lat. 23 44', long. 80 22'. 

BELHIR. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh ; distant north-west from 
Lucknow thirty-two miles. Lat. 27 14', long. 81 20'. 

BELHTITTL- Town in Sangli State, Bombay ; distant south-east from 
Dharwar fifty- three miles. Lat. 15 4', long. 75 47'. 

BELIA NARAYANPTJR. Village on the right bank of the Pagla 
in Murshidabad district, Bengal. A centre of iron industry. 

BELIAPATAM. lliver in Malabar district, Madras. It rises in the 
Ghats and falls into the sea in lat. 11 57', long. 75 21'. 

BELIAPATAM (VALIA-PATNAM, MALAYALIM). Town (on 
the left bank of the river of same name) in Malabar district, Madras 
Lat. 11 55'. long. 75 25'. Pop. (1871), 7579. A great centre of trade. 



EEL 93 

BELIGAUN. Town in Bhutan State ; distant north-east from Kuch 
Behar, sixty-nine miles. Lat. 27 10', long. 89 53'. 

BELIKERL Port in North Kanara district, Bombay. Lat. 14 42' 
45", long. 74 19'. 

BELIN. Town in Henzada district, British Burma ; twenty miles 
from the left bank of the river Sittang, sixty-two miles south-east of Pegu. 
Lat. 17 22', long. 97 10'. 

BELJURI or BAILJURL Town in Moradabad district, KW.P. ; 
on the route from Kasipur to Dehra, two miles north-west of the former. 
Beljuri has a population of 7354. Lat. 29 14', long. 79. 
BELKA. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. 

BELKHERA. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2033. 

BELKITCHI. Town in Pabna district, Bengal ; situated on a branch of 
the Jumna river. Lat. 24 19' 35", long. 89 47' 10". Pop. (1872), 5128. 
BELLAGTJPA. Village in Bellary district, Madras. Pop. 1572. 
BELLAMKONDA (BELLAMKONTA) Hill (with village of the 
same name at its base) in Kistna district, Madras ; 1569 feet high. Lat. 
16 30' 40", long. 80 3' 30". 

BELLARIMADTL Village in Coorjr, Madras. Pop. (1881), 295. 
BELLARY (BALLARI, VALAHARI). A district in the Madras 
Presidency, between lat. 13 40' 30" 15 58', and long. 75 43' 
78 19'. Area, 11,007 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,336,696. It is bounded 
on the north by the Tungabhadra river ; on the east by Cuddapah and 
Karnul districts ; and on the south and west by Mysore. The chief 
towns of this district, which was ceded to the British in 1800, are Bellary 
and Adoni. The chief river is the Tungabhadra. The administration is 
conducted by a Collector, Magistrate and three Assistants. 

BELLARY. Taluk in Bellary district, Madras; between lat. 14 57 ; 
-15 42', long. 76 44' 77 16'. Area, 985 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 
182,244. 

BELLARY (VALAHARI). Town in Bellary district, Madras. Lat. 
15 8' 51", long. 76 57' 15". Pop. (1881), 53,460. Bellary is a Military 
Station of the first class, and has a total strength of upwards of 3000 
troops. 

BELLAT UNGADY. Town in South Kanara district, Madras; on the 
route from Mangalore to Chitaldrug, thirty miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 12 59', long. 75 20'. 

BELLAVI. Village and municipality in Turnkur district, Mysore 
State. Lat. 13 25', long. 77 5'. Pop. (1871), 1663. 

BELLTJBTJTTL Town in Haidarabad State; distant east from Bijapur 
sixty miles. Lat. 16 46', long. 76 42'. 

BELLTJD. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces ; distant east 
from Nagpur 124 miles. Lat. 20 45', long. 81 1'. 

BELLUM A DTI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 368. 
BELLTJNDA. Town in Fatehpur district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Cawnpore, and seventy-five miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 25 54', long. 80 59'. 
BELLUR. See B ELITE. 

BELLTIR. Villages in Coorg;, Madras, having a pop. (1881) respec- 
tively of 802 and 140. 



94 BEL BEN 

BELMAREA. Town in Rajshahi district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Pabna to llampur Beauleah, twenty miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 24 11', long. 89. 

BELO. Village (in taluk of the same name) in Karachi district, Sind, 
Bombay. Lat. 24 44', long. 68 8' 30". Pop. (1872), 691. Area of taluk, 
294 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 28,471. 

BELONA. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
3269. 

BELPATTA. District in Santal Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. 
(1881), 111,911. 

BELPTJR VILLAPITRAM. Town in South Arcot district, Madras ; 
on the route from Trichinopoly to Madras, ninety-eight miles north-east 
of the former. Lat. 11 57', long. 79 33'. 

BELSAND K ALAN. Tillage in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal; on 
the east bank of the old Baghmati river, about twenty-seven miles from 
Muzaffarpur. Lat. 26 26' 48", long. 85 26' 30". Pop. (1872), 2971. 

BELUN (BELUND). Iliver of Rewah State, Central India Agency; 
falls into the Tons on the right side, in lat. 25 5', long. 81 50', after a 
total course of about ninety miles. 

BELTIR. Village and municipality (in taluk of the same name) in 
Hassan district, Mysore State, on the right bank of Yagachi river. Lat. 
13 9' 45', long. 75 54' 40". Pop. (1871), 2989. Area of taluk, 476 
sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 64,697. There is an annual festival in the 
village during April, attended by upwards of 5000 persons. There is also 
another town of the same name in Mysore, in lat. 12 58', long. 36 48'. 

BELURUBASAV AN AHALLI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. 
(1881), 243. 

BEL WIN. Village in Mirzapur district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Chanar to Mirzapur, ten miles west of the former, eleven east of the 
latter. Lat. 25 7', long. 82 50'. 

BEMBALTTR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 365. 

BEMDURDEM. Village in Quepern district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 44. 

BEN. A river in Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts, Punjab. It rises 
in the Siwalik Hills, and falls into the Sutlej close above its junction 
with the Beas. Another stream of the same name passes Hoshiarpur 
and the Kapurthala State, and falls into the Beas a few miles above its 
junction with the Sutlej. 

BEN. Stream in Gurdaspur district, Punjab, finally falling into the 
Bavi. 

BENAIKPUR. Pargana in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
59,145. 

BENAIKPUR. Pargana in Basti district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
26,090. 

BENARES (BANARAS). A division containing Azamgarh, Mirza- 
pur, Benares, Ghazipur, Gorakhpur, and Basti districts. It lies between 
lat. 23 52' 15" 27 30', and long. 82 9' 45" 84 40' 15". Area, 
18,338 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 9,820,728. It is administered by a 
Commissioner. 

BENARES. A district in the N.W.P. Between lat. 25 8' 30" 25 
34' 30", and long 82 42' 83 35' 30". Area, 998 sq. miles. Pop. 



BEN 95 

(1881), 892,684. It is "bounded on the north by Ghazipur and Jaunpur; 
on the west and south by Mirzapur; and on the east by Shahabad in 
Bengal. The chief towns are Benares and Ramnagar. The chief rivers 
are the Ganges, Gumti, and Karamnasa. The administrative staff of the 
district consists of a Collector-Magistrate, two joint Magistrates, one 
Assistant Magistrate, and one Deputy Magistrate. 

BENARES (VARANASI or BANARAS).-City (in tahsil of the 
same name) in Benares district, N.W.P., and terminus on the Oudh and 
Rohilkhand Bail way. The town, which is the religious capital of the 
Hindu faith, is situate on the left bank of the Ganges. Lat. 25 28' 31", 
long. 83 3' 4". Pop. (1881), 199,700. Area of tahsil, 577 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 562,513. 

BENARES. Estate in Benares and Mirzapur districts, belonging to 
the Maharaja of Benares, who is entitled to a salute of thirteen guns. 
Area, 985 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 89,473. 

BENATJLIM. Parish in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 6081. 

BENCOOLEN. Settlement in Sumatra ; formerly the chief establish- 
ment possessed by the East India Company in that island, on the south- 
western coast, but ceded to the King of the Netherlands in 1825, with all 
the other British possessions on the island, in exchange for the Dutch 
settlements on the continent of India. Lat. 3 47', long. 102 19'. 

BEND A. Village in Cawnpore district, N.AV.P. ; on the route from, 
Allahabad to Kalpi, and twenty-four miles east of the latter. Lat. 26 9', 
long. 80 10'. 

BENDEBETTA. Village in Coorg, Madras. 

BENGAL. The chief Presidency of British India, containing Calcutta, 
the seat of the supreme government, and surpassing each of the other two 
presidencies in area, population, and resources. Except for military 
purposes, the division of India into "Presidencies" is now nearly obsolete. 
The Presidency of Bengal comprises, besides a large number of States, the 
territories of the following great local Governments : Lower Bengal, the 
North-West Provinces, the Punjab, each a Lieutenant-Governorship; 
with the Chief Commissionerships of Assam and the Central Provinces, and 
the Commissionership of Ajmere. 

BENGAL. The Lieutenant-Governorship of Bengal (or " the Lower 
Provinces of Bengal ") is the largest and most populous of the Indian 
Provinces under local Governments. It includes four great Provinces 
Bengal Proper, Behar, Orissa, and Chutia Nagpur; and, until 1872, also 
included Assam, which now forms a separate Chief-Commissionership. 
It is between lat. 19 18' 28 15', and long. 82 97. Its area 
(exclusive of the Sundarbans, 5970 sq. miles) is 150,588 sq. miles; and 
pop. (1881), 66,691,456, or including the Native States (area, 187,222 
sq. miles) 69,536,861. Bounded on the north by Nepal, Bhutan, 
Assam; on the east by the mountain regions on the frontiers of 
Burma and China; on the south by Burma, the Bay of Bengal, and 
Madras; on the west by the Central Provinces, the N.W.P., and the 
Central India Agency. The administration is in the hands of a Lieutenant- 
Governor, who is directly responsible to the Government of India. In 
making laws he is assisted by a Legislative Council, composed of official 
and non-official members. "Under his orders there is a Board of Revenue, 



96 BEN BEE, 

which controls the Revenue branches of the administration. The troops 
stationed in Bengal number about 12,000 men. The total revenue 
amounted in 1882 to 19,299,176. 

BENGSOLLL Town in Bhutan State ; distant north-west from Goal- 
para thirty-six miles. Lat. 26 36', long. 90 23'. 

BENGTJR. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a population (1881), 
respectively of 649 and 372. 

BENI. Town in Bhandara district, Central Provinces ; on the Wain- 
ganga river. Noted for its carpets arid other dyed fabrics. Pop. (1881), 
2439. 

BENI RASTJLPTTR. Tillage in Pnrniah district, Bengal; on the 
Kankai river. Lat. 25 37', long. 87 52'. 

BENIGANJ. Town in Hardoi district, Oudh; distant north-east 
from Lucknow forty-one miles. Lat. 27 18', long. 80 31'. Pop. (1869), 
2284. Alsothana. Pop. (1881), 49,653. 

BENIPATTL Thana in Darbhangah district, Bengal. Area, 372 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 273,742. 

BENIR. See BUNIR. 

BENKAIPUR. Town in Mysore ; distant north-west from Seringa- 
patam, 120 miles. Lat. 13 50', long. 75 46'. 

BENKAR (or TASS-GONG). Town in Bhutan State ; distant north- 
east from Goalpara, ninety-five miles. Lat. 27 19', long. 91 29'. 

BENNUR. Town in Haidarabad State; distant east from Bijapur, 
sixty miles. Lat. 16 56', long. 76 41'. 

BENSDEM. Tillage in Nagar-Avely district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 171. 

BENTINCK ISLAND. One of the group forming the Mergui Archi- 
pelago, British Burma. It is about twenty miles in length from north to 
south, and six in breadth; its centre is in lat. 11 45', long. 98 9'. 

BENTJGARH. A fort in Purniah district, Bengal. 

BEOUR. See BE A WAR. 

BERAH (or BTJRAH). Tillage in Budaun district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from the city of Agra to Bareilly, and thirty-nine miles south-west 
of the latter. Lat. 28 5', long. 79 6'. 

BERAHERAPUR. Tillage in Mainpuri district, K.W.P. ; on the 
route from Aligarh to Mainpuri, and thirty-three miles north-west of the 
latter. Lat. 27 35', long. 78 42'. 

BERAI GTJNGA. River of Garhwal State, N.W.P., falling into the 
Jumna on its left side, in lat. 30 55', long. 78 27'. 

BERANAH. Town in Lahore district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Lahore to Ludhiana, twenty-two miles south-east of the town of Lahore. 
Lat. 31 29', long. 74 30'. 

BERAR. See HAIDAEAB!D ASSIGNED DISTRICTS. 

BERARTI Tillage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Pithoragarh, and forty-nine miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 28 50', long. 79 57'. 

BERDI. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2504. 

BERGANWAN. Tillage in Hamirpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Kalpi to Jhansi, forty-six miles south-west of the former. Lat. 
25 53', long. 79 13'. 



BER BES 97 

BERGAWAH. Village in Gwalior State ; on the route from Etawah 
to the fort of Gwalior, twenty-three miles south-west of former, sixty 
north-east of the latter. It is situate on the small river Coharri, on the 
right bank of which is room for encampment, though rather rough. 
Lat. 26 39', long. 78 44'. 

BERHAMPORE. See BURH!NPUE. 

BERHAMPUR. Town in Nepal State; distant south-east from Khat- 
mandu sixty miles. Lat. 26 54', long. 85 40'. 

BERHAMPUR. Town in Gurdaspur district, Punjah. Pop. (1881), 
2682. 

BERHAMPUR (BRAHMA-PUR). Town and municipality (in taluk 
of the same name) in Ganjam district, Madras. Lat. 19 18' 40", long. 
84 47' 50". Pop. (1881), 23,605. Pop. of taluk (1871), 243,945. 

BERHAMPUR (BERHAMPORE, BAHRAMPUR). Town and 
municipality in Murshidabad district, Bengal ; situated on the left bank 
of the Ehagirathi, five miles below the city of Murshidabad. Lat. 24 6' 
30", long. 88 IT 31". Pop. (1872), 27,100. Noteworthy as being the 
spot where the Mutiny of 1857-58 first broke out. 

BERI (BEHRI, BHERI). State in Bundelkhand ; between lat. 25 
53' 25 57' 45", and long. 79 54' 15" 80 4'. Area, 28 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 4985. The Chief, who has a sanad of adoption, maintains 
a force of 25 cavalry and 125 infantry. Chief town, Beri. 

BERI. Town and municipality in Eohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 
42', long. 76 36' 15". Pop. (1881), 9695. Great centre of trade, while 
there are two annual fairs held in the town in honour of the goddess Devi. 

BERIS (BERUCH, BAIRAS, or BERACH). River of Rajputana; 
rising in the Aravalli Hills, in Udaipur State, and finally falling into the 
Banas on the right side, in lat. 25 18', long. 75 6', having flowed 120 
miles. 

BERLO. Tillage in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 32', long. 
76 5'. 

BERMA (or BARMAN). River of Bundelkhand and Hamirpur 
district, N.W.P. ; falls into the Betwa on the right side, in lat. 25 53', 
long. 79 59'. 

BERMYA. Town in Dacca district, Bengal ; thirty-five miles north 
of the city of Dacca. Lat. 24 13', long. 90 30'. 

BERONDA (BEROUNDA or BURROUNDA). See BARAUNDA. 

BERPUM. Village in Nagar-Avely district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 299. 

BERUL. Town in Wardha district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
2128. 

BERUMBAH. See BARAMBA". 

BESAGA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 662. 

BESSERAH or BISEORA. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on 
the route, by the right bank of the Ganges, from Allahabad cantonment 
to that of Mirzapur, forty five miles south-east of the former, sixteen 
west of the latter. Lat. 25 15', long. 82 20'. 

BESSONA (or BUSSOAH). Town in Ulwar State, Bajputana ; on 
the route from Delhi to Jaipur, fifty miles north-east of latter. It is 
situate amongst some isolated rocky hills rising from a sandy plain, and 
is surrounded by a strong mud rampart. Lat. 27 9'', long. 76 40'. 

7 



98 BES BET 

BESSURTJ. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 144. 

BESTHAR. Town in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 25', long. 
80 20'. 

BESTJLL River of Gwalior State, rising in lat. 26 9', long. 78 21'. 
It flows in a circuitous but generally north-easterly direction for sixty- 
three miles, to lat. 26 24', long. 79 1', when it falls into the Siud river. 

BETAGAON. Village in Rai Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
4297. An annual fair is held here attended by upwards of 5000 persons. 

BET ALB ATIM. Parish in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 2045. 

BETANGA. Village on the Chandna, in Faridpur district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23, long. 89 57'. Pop. (1872), 500. 

BET AUL. Town in Nepal State ; distant west from Khatmandu 107 
miles. Lat. 27 37', long. 83 34'. 

BET AURA. Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Moradabad, and thirteen miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 28 28', long. 79 22'. 

BETAWAD. Town and municipality in Khandesh district, Bombay. 
Lat. 21 13' 30", long. 74 57'. Pop. (1872), 3338. 

BETAWAD. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay ; on the left bank 
of the Panjur, twenty miles north-east of Dhulia. Lat. 21 8', long. 
74 52'. 

BETGARL Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 52', long. 
89 11'. 

BETHYAN. Town in Kashmir State ; distant north-west from 
Jammu thirty-three miles. Lat. 33 4', long. 74 43'. 

BETIGAN ATT. Village in Partabgarh district, Oudh; on the left 
bank of the Ganges, eighty-eight miles south-east of Cawnpore, ninety 
south of Lucknow. Lat. 25 42', long. 81 24'. 

BETIGERL Town and centre of trade in Dharwar district, Bombay. 
Lat. 15 26', long. 75 41'. Pop. (1872), 8716. 

BETMANGAL A. Village (in taluk of the same name) in Kolar 
district, Mysore ; on right bank of Palar river, eighteen miles by road 
south-east of Kolar. Lat. 13 1', long. 78 22' 30". Pop. (1871), 1419. 
Area of taluk, 260 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 68,536. 

BETQTJI. Village in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 946. 

BETTADAHALLL Three villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. 
(1881), respectively of 359, 96 and 54. 

BETTADPUR (BETTADAPITR). Peculiar conical-shaped mountain 
in Mysore district, Mysore; 4350 feet high. Lat. 12 18' 20", long. 
76 8' 20". On its summit there is a temple which has been struck with 
lightning. 

BETTAKERI. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881), 
respectively of 525 and 269. 

BETTATTTIR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 984. 

BETTIA (BETTIAH or BETIYA). Town and centre of trade (in 
subdivision of the same name) in Champaran district, Bengal ; situated 
on the Harha river. Lat. 26 48' 5", long. 84 32' 40". Pop. (1881), 
21,263. Area of subdivision, 2013 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 704,052. 
Also thana. Area, 537 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 371,235. 



BET BEY 99 

BETTOLI. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 656. 

BETTUR. Village in Chitaldrug district, Mysore. Lat. 14 29', 
long. 76. Pop. (1871), 1338. 

BETTJ. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 401. 

BETTJL (BAITTIL). A district in the Central Provinces; between 
lat. 21 20' 22 35', and long. 77 13' 15" 78 35' 30". It is bounded 
on the north and west by Hoshangabad district, on the east by Chhind- 
wara, and on the south by Nagpur district and Berar. Area, 3905 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 304,905. The chief town is Betul. The chief 
rivers are the Machna and Sampna. The chief hills are the Satpura. 
It is administered by a Deputy Commissioner and Staff. 

BETTIL. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Betul district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 21 51' 16", long. 77 58' 7". Pop. (1881), 
4693. Area of tahsil, 2944 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 211,737. The 
town has a brisk trade in pottery. 

BETTJLPUDIANGADL Town in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 
10 53', long. 75 58' 15". Pop. (1871), 6003. 

BETWA. River in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency. It rises 
near Bhopal, flows through Gwalior State, and finally falls into the 
Jumna near Hamirpur. Its total length is 360 miles. 

BEVANUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 476. 

BEWAR. Thana in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 47,038. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 19,152. 

BEWAR. Town in Hamirpur district, X.AV.P. ; on the route from 
Banda to Kalpi, thirty-five miles north-west of former. Lat. 25 46', 
long. 80. 

BEWTTR. Town in Mainpuri district, JST.W.P. ; half a mile from 
the right bank of the Kali Nadi (east), on the route from the cantonment 
of Fatehgarh to Mainpuri, fifteen miles east of the latter. Lat. 27 13', 
long. 79 21'. 

BEYLA. Town in Cutch State, Bombay; distant north-east from 
Bhuj seventy-five miles. Lat. 23 50', long. 70 40'. 

BEYLA. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; on the route from Dinapur 
to Khatmandu, 106 miles north of former. 9 1 south of latter. Lat. 26 
52', long. 84 52'. 

BEYLTJH. See BELAH. 

BEYPTJR (or BAIPUR). Town in Malabar district, Madras. West 
coast terminus of Madras Railway. Lat. 11 10', long. 75 50' 30". 
Pop. (1871), 6214. 

BEYPIIR. River in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 75 50', long. 
76 40'. It rises near Neddivattam Pass and falls into the sea near 
Beypur. 

BEYREAH. Town in Ghaz(pur district, KW.P.; on the left bank of 
the Ganges, fifty-eight miles north-east of Ghazipur. Lat. 25 44', long. 
84 32'. 

BEYRTJDONL Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south-west from 
Haidarab&d 120 miles. Lat. 16 16', long. 77 10'. 

BEYT (or BET). Island at the entrance of a bay, an inlet of the Gulf 
of Cutch, Bombay. Between lat. 22 25' 22 29', and long. 69 8' 
69 12'. It abounds with temples and shrines in honour of Krishna and 
is a favourite place of resort amongst the Brahmans, 



100 BEY-BHA 

BEYT SHANKHODDHAR. District in Amreli division, Baroda 
State. Area, 4 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3424. 

BEZWADA (BEZWARRA). Town (in taluk of the same name) on 
the Kistna river, Kistna district, Madras. Lat. 16 30' 50", long. 80 
39'. Pop. (1881), 9336. Pop. of taluk (1871), 83,081. The town, 
which is a centre of trade, is rich in antiquarian relics. 

BHABAR. See BABAE. 

BHABHAR. See BABHAE. 

BHABTJA. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the same name) 
in Shahabad district, Bengal. Lat. 25 2' 30", long. 83 39' 35". Area, 
628 acres. Pop. (1872), 5071. Area of subdivision, 1037 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 322,236. Also thana. Area, 914 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
171,823. 

BHADARSA. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh ; on the Marha river. 
Near this town a religious fair is annually held, which attracts about 
5000 persons. Pop. (1869), 4311. 

BHADARWA. State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, 27 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 9185. Pays an annual tribute of 1907 to the Gaekwar 
of Baroda. 

BHADATJN. Pargana in Ballia district, N.W.P. Pop. (1 881), 28,384. 

BHADATJR. Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 6912. 

BHADAURA. State in Central India Agency. Chief town, 
Bhadaura. Lat. 24 47', long. 77 28'. The chief pays a yearly tribute 
of 115 to Maharaja Sindhia. Pop. (1881), 3365. 

BHABER. River in Kathiawar, Bombay; falls into the Indian Ocean 
near the town of Porbandar, in lat. 21 38', long. 69 46'. 

BHADGAON. Town and municipality in Khandesh district, Bombay. 
Lat. 20 38' 30", long, 75 16'. Situated on the left bank of the Girna 
river. Pop. (1881), 6537. A Government model farm is in proximity 
to the town. 

BHADINYA. Town in Sultanpur district, Oudh ; on the right bank 
of the river Gumti, fifteen miles south-east of Sultanpur cantonment, 
ninety- eight south-east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 10', long. 82 18'. 

BHADLI. State in North Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute 
of 110 to the British Government. Chief village, Bhadli. Lat. 22 1', 
long. 71 35'. 

BHADOHL Thana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
87,179. Alsopargana. Pop. (1881), 283,027. 

BHADORA. Chiefship in Central India Agency. Pop. (1881), 3365. 

BHADOWRA. See BHADATJEA. 

BHADRA. River of Kadur and Shimoga districts, Mysore. It rises 
in the Western Ghats, and finally falls into the Tunga at Kudali. Lat. 
130 10' 14, long. 75 10' 75 40'. 

BHADRA. Estate in Balaghat district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
(centre) 21 25', long. 80 33' 30". Pop. (1881), 18,855. Area, 128 
sq. miles. 

BHADRACHHALAM. Town (in estate of same name) in Tipper 
Godavari district, Central Provinces. Pop. 2000. The temple of Ram- 
Chandra, with its sacred and costly jewels, is an object of veneration 
amongst the Brahmaus. A fair is held in the town every April, attended 
by about 10,000 persons. 



BHA 

BHADRAKH. Town (in subdivision of the V 6 ^pEDeY> fa : Blv' 
district, Bengal. Lat. 21 3' 10", long. 86 S3' 2&'V "To<p. (i870');7&di. 
Area of subdivision, 908 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 425,573. Also thana. 
Area, 287 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 169,972. 

BHADRAN. Town in Guzerat, Bombay. Lat. 22 21' 30", long. 72 
56' 30". Pop. (1872), 5056. 

BHADRESWAR (BHADRUVATI).-Village in Cutch, Bombay. It 
was formerly a seat of Buddhist worship, and contains some interesting 
ruins. 

BHADRESWAR. Town and municipality in Hugli district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 49' 50", long. 88 23' 30". Pop. (1872), 7417. 

BHABREZ. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; twelve miles north- 
west of Balmer. It is situate at the eastern base of a range of rocky 
hills, stretching about twenty miles in a direction from north-west to 
south-east. Lat. 25 52', long. 71 16'. 

BHADRL Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh. Distant north of 
Allahabad twenty-two miles, south-east of Lucknow ninety. Lat. 25 
47', long. 81 45'. 

BHADRINATH. See BADKINATH. 

BHADTT. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; distant east from Jammu 
thirty-six miles. Lat. 32 30', long. 75 36'. 

BHADTILIA. Thana in Nadi'ya district, Bengal. Area, 93 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 68,184. 

BHADWA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying an annual tribute 
of 140 to the British Government. Chief village, Bhadwa. Lat. 22 5', 
long. 70 57'. 

BHAGA. River in Kangra district, KW.P. It rises near the Bara 
Lacha Pass and finally falls into the Chandra below Tandi. Total length, 
65 miles. Lat. 32 33' 15" 32 45' 30", long. 77 1' 77 26' 15". 

BHAGA PURANA. Village in Patiala State, Punjab ; distant north- 
west from Calcutta 1081 miles. Lat. 30 40', long. 75 5 f . 

BHAGABATIPUR. Village in Bardwan district, Bengal. Lat. 23 
42', long. 88 5' 30". 

BHAGALPUR. A division under the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal. 
Between lat. 23 27, long. 85 89. Area, 20,492 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 8,063,160. It comprises the districts of Bhagalpur, the Santal 
Parganas, Maldah, Honghyr, and Purniah. 

BHAGALPUR. A district in Bengal; between lat. 24 32' 30" 
26 35' 30", and long. 86 21' 15" 87 33' 30". Area, 4268 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 1,966,158. It is bounded on the north by Sepal ; on the 
east and south by Purniah district and the Santal Parganas ; and on the 
west by Tirhut and Monghyr districts. The chief town is Bhagalpur. 
The chief rivers are the Ganges, Tilguga, Ghugri, and Chandan. 

BHAGALPUR. Town (in subdivision of the same name) and station 
on the East Indian Railway, in Bhagalpur district, Bengal ; situated on 
the right or south bank of the Ganges. Lat. 25 15' 16", long. 87 2' 
29". Pop. (1881), 68,238. Area of subdivision, 936 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 546,899. Also thana. Area, 181 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
157,832. 

BHAGALPUR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; on the left 
bank of the Gogra. Lat. 26 10', long. 83 52'. 



102 BHA 



ALA* Village in Coorg, Madras, containing a sacred 
temple endowed by clie Biicish Government. Lat. 12 23', long. 75 36'. 
Pop. (1881), 393. 

BHAGELKHTJND. See BAGHELKHAND. 

BHAGIRATHI. River of Murshidabad, ISTadiya, and Bardwan 
districts, Bengal. It leaves the Ganges near Suti, and finally falls into 
the Jalangi, which two streams together take the name of Hugli. 

BHAGIRATHI. Eiver in Garhwal State, N.W.P. It rises from the 
Gangotri Peak and falls at "Deoprayag into the Alaknanda, a branch of the 
Ganges. Lat. 30 8' 30 56', long. 7b 38' 15" 79 6' 45". 

BHAGIRETTL See BHAGIRATHI. 

BHAGMARA. Town in -Darning district, Assam ; on the route from 
Bisnath to Lakhimpur, ten miles north of the former. Lat. 26 49', 
long. 93 12'. 

BHAGPAT. See BAGPAT. 

BHAGRUTTL See BHAGIRATHI. 

BHAGTJL. See BAGHAL. 

BHAGULPORE. See BHAGALPTJR. 

BHAGWA. Port in Surat district, Bombay. Lat. 21 24', long. 
72 40'. 

BHAGW ANGOLA. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal; on the 
banks of the Ganges. Lat. 24 20', long. 88 20' 38". Also thana. 
Area, 111 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 57,238. 

BHAGWANPUR. Pargana in Saharanpur district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 67,765. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 37,769. 

BHAGWANPUR. Thana in Contai district, Bengal. Area, 184 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 96,451. 

BHAGWANTNAGAR. Town (in pargana of same name) in Unao 
district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 4923. Area of pargana, 45 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 25,623. 

BHAGWANTNAGAR. Town in Hardoi district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
3247. Noted for its metal work. 

BHAGWAT. Pargana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
24,414. 

BHAGWL Town in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 35', long. 76 27'. 

BHAL Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 4023. 

BHAINI. Tillage in Patiala State, Punjab; seventy-two miles south- 
east of Eirozpur ; distant north-west from Calcutta 1098 miles. Lat. 
30 35', long. 76 36'. 

BHAINSROR (BHAINSRORGARH, BANSROR). Fort in Kotah 
State, Rajputana ; on a rock at the confluence of the Bhamani and 
Chambal. Lat. 24 58', long. 75 36'. 

BHAINSWAL. Tillage in Muzaffarnagar district, N.AV.P. Pop. 
(1872), 3004. 

BHAIRABI. River in Darrang district, Assam; rising in the Aka 
Hills, and falling into the Brahmaputra. 

BHAIRAGNIA. Tillage in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. Lat. 
26 44', long. 85 22'. 

BHAIROGHATI (BHAIIIOGATI). Sacred place of pilgrimage in 
Garhwal State, KW.P. ; being the confluence of the Bhagirathi and 
Jahnavi. Lat. 31 2', long. 78 54'. 



BHA 103 

BHAIROWAL. Town in Amritsar district, Punjab; situated on the 
right bank of the Beas river, thirty-one miles south-east of the town of 
Amritsar. Lat. 31 26', long. 75 14'. 

BHAIRVL Eiver of Nepal State ; rising in lat. 29 16', long. 81 58', 
and flowing in a south-westerly direction for about seventy miles, falls 
into the Kurnalli in lat. 28 38', long. 81 17', on the borders of Oudh. 

BHAIS or BHYS. Eiver of Bhopal State, Central India Agency; 
flowing from the tank of Bhopal, in lat. 23 14', long. 77 22'. It runs 
north-east for forty-five miles, and falls into the Betwa, on the left side, 
near the town of Bhilsa, in lat. 23 32', long. 77 50'. 

BHAISAUNDA. Estate in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency. 
Area, 12 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 4073. The Jagfrdar maintains a force 
of eighty infantry. 

BHAJJL Hill State, Punjab; between lat. 31 V 30" 31 17' 45", 
and long. 77 2' 30" 77 23' 15". Area, 96 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
12,106. The chief pays an annual tribute of 144 to the British 
Government. 

BHAKKAR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name) in 
Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; situated on the left bank of the 
Indus. Lat. 31 37' 43", long. 71 5' 52". Pop. (1881), 4402. Area 
of tahsil, 3114 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 112,429. 

BHAKTJRL Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the cantonment of Aligarh to that of Delhi, seven miles north-west of 
the former. Lat. 27 59', long. 78 3'. 

BHALALA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute 
of 47 to the British Government. Lat. 22 51', long. 71 56'. 

BHALGAM. Tillage in Bhalgam Buldhoi State, South Kathiawar, 
Bombay. Lat. 22 27', long. 70 54'. 

BHALGAM BULDHOI. State in South Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying 
an annual tribute of 20 to the British Government. 

BHALKA. Dwar in Bhutan. Area, 119 sq. miles. Pop. (1870), 
6544. 

BHALKL Town in Haidarabad State ; distant from the city of 
Haidarabad north-west, 98 miles. Lat. 18 3', long. 77 17'. 

BHALOD. Town in Baroda State, thirty- five miles south of Baroda, 
fifty-five north of Surat. Lat. 21 48', long. 73 15'. 

BHALOT. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; distant south-west 
from Delhi 82 miles. Lat. 28 10', long. 76 6'. 

BHALTHA. A town in Jhalawar State, Rajputana ; distant east 
from Nimach 100 miles. Lat. 24 17', long. 76 30'. 

BHALTJKA. Thana in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 51 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 41,929. 

BHALUSNA. State (with capital of the same name) in Mahi Kantha, 
Bombay; paying tribute to the Gaekwar of Baroda 111 14s., and to Edar 
48 10s. Lat. 23 50' 30", long. 72 50'. Area, 59 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1872), 3548. 

BHAM. Deserted town in Wun district, Berar. Lat. 20 13' 30", 
long. 78 3'. 

BHAMANIKHERA. Tillage in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Delhi to Muttra, and forty-seven miles south of the former 
city. Lat. 28 4', long. 77 24'. 



104 BHA 

BHAMGARH. Town in Mmar district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2257. 

BHAMGARH Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; distant 
south-east from Mhow seventy-two miles. Lat. 21 48', long. 76 35'. 

BHAMON (or BHAMTJNNAGRA). Village in Budaun district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Bareilly to Ah'garh cantonment, and thirty 
miles south-east of the latter, fifty-six north-east of Delhi. Lat. 27 51', 
long. 78 34'. 

BHAMON CALL I. Town in lessor district, Bengal ; on the route 
from Jessor to Faridpur, twelve miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
23 15', long. 89 21'. 

BHAMORAH. Thana inBareilly district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 46,089. 

BHAN. Town in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 26 33', long. 
67 56' 30". Pop. (1872), 1084. 

BHAN. Revenue circle in Shwegyeng district, British Burma. Area, 
235 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 3846. 

BHAN-BHWAI-GUN. Revenue circle in Prome district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 246. 

BHAN-BYENG. Revenue circle in Thayet district, British Burma. 
Area, 114 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 3373. 

BHAN-BYENG. Revenue circle in Prome district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 1261. 

BHANAIRTIH. Village in Aligarh district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Meerut to Muttra, and thirty-three miles north-east of the latter. 
Lat. 27 54', long. 77 54'. 

BHANDAK (BHANDUK). Town (in pargana of the same name) 
in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Lat. 26 6' 30", long. 79 9' 15". 
Pop. (1881), 2575. Area of pargana, about 384 sq. miles. 

BHANDARA. A district in Central Provinces ; between lat. 20 38' 
30" 21 46', and long. 79 29' 30" 80 43' 30". It is bounded on the 
north by Seoni and Balaghat, on the south by Chanda, on the east by 
Raipur, and on the west by Nagpur. Pop. (1881), 683,779. Area, 
3922 sq. miles. The chief towns are Bhandara and Pauni. The chief 
river is the "Wainganga. The administration is conducted by a Deputy 
Commissioner and Staff. 

BHANDARA. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Bhandara 
district, Central Provinces. Lat. 21 9' 22", long. 79 41' 43". Pop. 
(1881), 11,150. Situated on the "Wainganga river. Area of tahsil, 
786 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 148.089. 

BHANDARIA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly 
tribute of 31 to the Gaekwar. 

BHANDARIA. Thana in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Area, 114 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 73,352. 

BHANDER. Town in Jhansi district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank of 
the Pahuj river. Lat. 25 43' 30", long. 78 47' 55". Area, 209 acres. 
Pop. (1881), 5605. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 15,251. 

BHANDESWAR. Hill in Hazaribagh district, Bengal, 1759 feet high. 

BHANDTJP. Port in Tanna district, Bombay. Lat. 19 8' 45", long. 
72 59' 15". 

BHANG A. Village on the Kumar river in Faridpur district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23 23' 35", long. 90 1' 20". Pop. (1870), 1000. 



: 



BHA 105 

BHANGA. Thana in Faridpur district, Bengal. Area, 175 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 164,389. 

BHANGARHAT. Village in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal; 
situated on the Bhangar Canal. Lat. 22 31', long. 88 39'. Large market 
frequented by boatmen, and the scene of annual Muhammadan fair. 

BHANGHA. Town in Bahraich district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2754. 

BHANGODA. Part of Yizagapatam district, Madras. 

BHANGOR. Thana in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Area, 
155 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 78,852. 

BHAN-GUN. Revenue circle in Thayet district, British Burma. Area, 
24 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 2716. 

BHANGURH. Town in Ulwar State, Rajputana ; distant south-west 
from III war thirty-eight miles. Lat. 27 7', long. 76 22'. 

BHAN-LAW. Revenue circle in Mergui district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 1997. 

BHAN-OUNG. Revenue circle in Thoung-ngu district, British 
Burma; on the right bank of the Tsittoung river. Pop. (1876), 4135. 
To the north is the Tsiloung Lake, which is five feet deep in dry weather, 
and eight feet in the rains. 

BHANPTJR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; fifty-eight miles 
north-west of the cantonment of Gorakhpur. Lat. 27 6', long. 82 37'. 

BHANPUR. Thana in Puri district, Bengal. Area, 360 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 53,297. 

BHANPUR. Chiefship in Balaghat district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 208 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 6518. 

BHANPUR THANA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; on the 
left bank of the Koana river, forty -nine miles north-west of Gorakhpur. 
Lat. 26 59', long. 82 43'. 

BHANPURA. Town on the Rewa, in Indore State, Central India 
Agency. Lat. 24 30' 45", long. 75 47' 30". Pop. about 20,000. 

BHANRA. Village in Sultanpur district, Oudh ; a mile from the 
right bank of the river Gumti, five miles north-west of Sultanpur canton- 
ment, seventy-seven south-east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 20', long. 82 4'. 

BHANRER. Hills in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces, between 
lat. 23 9' 24 17', and long. 79 25' 80 46'. Highest peak, 2514 
feet above sea-level. 

BHANSTON. Town in Kotah State, Rajputana ; distant east from 
Kotah sixty miles. Lat. 25 7', long. 76 49'. 

BHANWAD. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 4562. 
m BHAPURUH or BOPRU. Village in Karnal district, Punjab; forty- 
six miles north-west of Delhi. Lat. 29 14', long. 77 4'. 

BHARATGANJ. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the cantonment of Allahabad to Rewah, and forty miles south-east 
of the former city. Lat. 25 4', long. 82 15'. 

BHARA WAN. Town in Hardoi district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 3193. 

BHARAWAS. Town in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. ; fifty miles south- 
west of Delhi. Lat. 28 8', long. 76 39'. 

BHARDAGARH. Chiefship in Chhindwara district, Central 

;?rovinces. Area, 70 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2880. 
BHAREJDA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute 
)f 9 to the British Government. 



106 BHA 

BHARERA. Village in Shahjahanpur district, N/W.P. ; on the route 
from Fatehgarh to Shahjahanpur, and fifteen miles south- west of the 
latter. Lat. 27 46', long. 79 50'. 

BHARGAVL River in Puri district, Bengal. It branches off from 
the Koyakhai, and falls into Chilka Lake. 

BHAROLE. Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Agra to Mainpuri, and twenty-three miles west of the latter. 
Lat. 27 8', long. 78 46'. 

BHARTHNA. Thana in Etawah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,903. 

BHARTHNA. Tahsil in Etawah district, N.W.P. Area, 416 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 161,446. 

BHARTPUR (BHARATPUR). State in Rajputana; between lat. 
26 43' 27 50', and long. 76 53' 77 48'. It is bounded on the north 
by Gurgaon district ; on the east by Muttra and Agra ; on the south and 
south-west by Dholpur, Karauli and Jaipur ; and on the west by Ulwur. 
Area, 1974 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 645,540. The chief towns are 
Bhartpur and Dig. The chief river is the Utangham. The Maharaja, 
who is entitled to a salute of seventeen guns, maintains a force of 1460 
cavalry, 8500 infantry, and 250 artillery. 

BHARTPUR. Town in Bhartpur State, Central India. Lat. 27 
13' 5", long. 77 32' 20". Pop. (1881), 66,163. Bhartpur is celebrated 
as the scene of Lord Lake's famous siege in 1805, followed by that of 
Lord Combermere in 1827. 

BHARTPUR. Thana in Kandi district, Bengal. Area, 130 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 79,620. 

BHARUDPURA. State in the Deputy Bhil Agency, Central India 
Agency. Pop. (1881), 1724. The Chief or Bhumia pays a yearly tribute 
of 33 to the Dhar State. 

BHASAIPUR. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal; twenty-eight 
miles north-east from Muzaffarpur, thirty-two miles north-west of 
Darbhangah. Lat. 26 30', long. 85 39'. 

BHASAUR. Village in Patiala State, Punjab ; thirty-six miles south 
of Ludhiana. Distant north-west from Calcutta, 1074 miles. Lat. 30 
25', long. 76. 

BHATGAON. State in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
21 39' 30", long. 82 51'. Pop. (1881), 9892. Area, 62 sq. miles. 
The capital, which bears the same name, has a pop. (1881) of 2157. 

BHATGAON. Town in Nepal. Lat. 27 37', long. 85 22'. 

BHATGAON. Town in Purniah district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 5723. 

BHATGONG. See BHATGION. 

BHATI. Ancient name of the Sundarban coast of the Gangetic Delta; 
between lat. 20 30' 22 30', and long. 88 91 14'. 

BHATIBARI. Dwar of Bhutan. Area in 1870, 149 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1870), 5874. 

BHATIPUR. Tahsil in Faizabad district, Oudh. Area, 532 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1869), 307,696. 

BHATKAL. Port in North Kanara district, Bombay. Lat. 13 59', 
long. 74 34' 40". Pop. (1881), 5618. There are four mosques in the 
town, the Muslim population of which bears the name of Nawayat. 

BHATKULI. Town in Amraoti district, Berar. Pop. (1867), 2133. 



BHA 107 

BHATNAIR. Town and fort in Bikaner State ; on the left bank of 
the Goghar river. Lat. 29 34' 55", long. 74 20' 45". 

BHATNIR. See BHATNAIR. 

BHATPUR. Tillage in Hardoi district, Oudh ; on the right bank of 
the Gumti. Pop. (1869), 2504. 

BHATTIANA. Part of Hissar and Sirsa districts, Punjab. 

BHATTIES. See BHATTIANA. 

BHATURIA. Village in Bardwan district, Bengal. Lat. 23 26', 
long. 88 20'. 

BHAUBAIR. See B!BHAR. 

BHAUBRA. Town in Jhabua State, Central India Agency. Lat. 
22 33', long. 74 25'. 

BHAUDA (BHATIRA). Part of Kolhapur State, Bombay. Its centre 
is in lat. 36 33', long. 73 53'. 

BHAUGAON. Tillage in Mirzapur district, K"W.P. ; on the left 
bank of the Ganges. Lat. 25 14', long. 82 32'. 

BHAUGULPORE. See BHAGALPUR. 

BHATJL. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay ; on the left bank of 
the Girna. Lat. 20 35', long. 75. 

BHATJN. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Anupshahr to Meerut, and twenty-six miles south-east of the latter. 
Lat. 28 38', long. 78 1'. 

BHAUN. Town in Jhelum district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 5080. 

BHATINAGAR. State in the Province of Guzerat, Bombay ; between 
lat. 20 56' 30" 22 16' 30", and long. 71 16' 72 20' 45". Area, 
2860 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 400,323. The chief town is Bhaunagar. 
The present Chief, who is known as the Thakur Sahib, is entitled to a 
salute of fifteen guns in place of eleven, the fixed number assigned to 
the state. He maintains a force of 2765 men, and pays tribute 
13,000 per annum jointly to the British Government, the Gaekwar, 
and Nawab of Junagarh. 

BHAUNAGAR. Port in the Gulf of Cambay and chief town of the 
Bhaunagar State, Kathiawar, Bombay. Lat. 21 45', long. 72 12' 30". 
Pop. (1881), 47,792. 

BHAUNRAHA. Tillage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the town of Bareilly to Sitapur, and seventeen miles south-west of the 
former. Lat. 28 18', long. 79 49'. 

BHAUNRL Thana in Banda district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 29,183. 

BHATJPUR. Tillage in Agra district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 3', long. 
77 40'. 

BHAUPURUH (BHOPERA). Tillage in Meerut district, KW.P. ; 
on the route from Delhi to the town of Meerut, and nine miles north-east 
of the former. Lat. 28 42', long. 77 24'. 

BH AURA. Town in Bhopal State. Lat. 22 55', long. 76 50'. 

BHAUREH. Town on the Bhima in Poona district, Bombay. Lat. 
17 58', long. 75 I'. 

BHAURUPUR. Tillage in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the right 
bank of the Ganges, thirty-eight miles north-west of the city of Mirzapur. 
Lat. 25 12', long. 82 15'. 

BHAUSINH. Tillage on the Bhagirathi river, in Bardwan district, 
Bengal. Lat. 23 36' 24", long. 88 13' 30". 



108 BHA BHE 

BHAVANL River of Madras. It rises in the Nilgiri Hills and falls 
into the Kavoi at Bavani town. 

BHAVANL Town (in taluk of the same name) in Coimbatore district, 
Madras. Lat. 11 26', long. 77 44'. Pop. (1881), 5930. Pop. of 
taluk (1871), 102,813. 

BHAW. River in Rangoon district, British Burma. 

BH A WAL. Village in Dacca district, Bengal. Lat. 23 59' 35", 
long. 90 27' 50. 

BHAWALPTJR. See BAHAWALPTJR. 

BHAWAN. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh. Lat. 26 26', long. 
81 18'. Pop. (1869), 1101. 

BHAWANL See BHIWANI. 

BHAWANIGANJ. Subdivision of Rangpur district, Bengal. Area, 
789 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 431,746. 

BHAWANIPUR. Suburb of Calcutta. Lat. 21 32', long. 88 23'. 
Area, 1082 acres. Pop. (1881), 38,002. 

BHAWANIPUR. Village in Dinajpur district, Bengal. The ?s T ekmard 
fair is held here every April, and is attended by little less than 100,000 
persons. 

BHAWAPTTR. Parganas in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P., having a 
population (1881) respectively of 59,240 and 46,758. 

BHAWLAY. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 4822. 

BHAWMI. Revenue circle in Bassein district, British Burma. Area, 
250 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 1406. 

BHAWNI. Revenue circle in Shwe-gyeng district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 4738. Area, 800 sq. miles. 

BHAWTIR. See JAU^SAR. 

BHAYAWADAR. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay. Lat. 21 51' 15", 
long. 70 17' 15". Pop. (1881), 5197. 

BHAYNSIA. Village in Bareilly district, K.W.P. Lat. 29 2', long. 
79 19'. 

BHEDAN. Part of Sambalpur district, Central Provinces ; anciently 
the State of a Gond chief. Lat. 21 12', long. 83- 47' 30". Pop. 
(1866), 7115. Principal town, Bhedan. Pop. 1412. 

BHEEL AGENCY. See BHIL. 

BHEELENG. See BHILENG. 

BHEELENG-KYAIK-HTO. See BHTLENG-KYAIK-HTO. 

BHEELOO-GYWON. See BHILTJ-GYWON. 

BHEKORAI. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on the route 
from Pokaran to Balmer, and thirty-two miles south of the former. Lat. 
26 30', long. 71 50'. 

BHELPUR. Thana in Benares district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
30,542. 

BHEL8A. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Pop. 
(1881), 7070. 

BHENGLAING. River in Amherst district, British Burma. It is 
formed by the junction of the Dunthamie and Kyouk-tsarit, and falls into 
the Salwminlat. 16 45'. 

BHENGLAING. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 3265. 



BHE BHI 109 

BHENSDEHI. Town in Betul district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2653. 

BHENTPUR. Town in Puri district, Bengal; nine miles west of 
Puri, forty-seven miles south of Cuttack. Lat. 19 50', long. 85 47'. 
Area of tahsil, 1181 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 167,260. 

BHERA. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name) in 
Shahpur district, Punjab ; on the left bank of the Jhelurn river. Lat. 
32 29', long. 72 57'. Pop. (1881), 15,165. Area of tahsil, 1181 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 167,260. 

BHERACOLE. See RIIRAKHOL. 

BHERAGHAT. Village on the Narbada, in Jabalpur district, Central 
Provinces. A religious fair is held every November. The neighbourhood 
is remarkable for its scenery, one spot known as the " Monkey's Leap " 
being an object of much attraction. 

BHE REN. Chiefship in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. Area, 
20 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 9622. 

BHERL Village in Hissar district, Punjab. Lat. 29 29', long. 
75 56'. 

BHET-RAI. Eevenue circle in Henzada district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 4622. 

BHETAI. Town in Nepal State; distant west from Khatmandu 132 
miles. Lat. 27 46', long. 83 10'. 

BHEWANNI or BOWANI. Town in Rohtak district, Punjab. 
The population is returned at 29,442. Lat. 28 45', long. 76 14'. 

BHEWNDI. Town in Tanna district, Bombay ; on the route from 
Bombay to Nasik, twenty-nine miles north-east of the former. The town 
is supplied with water by means of an aqueduct constructed by the 
inhabitants, the Government having contributed 500 in aid of its cost. 
Lat. 19 19', long. 73 9'. 

BHIAMATJ (BETIMATJW). Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P.; on 
the right bank of the Ganges, ten miles north of the town of Fatehpur. 
Lat. 26 3', long. 80 51'. 

BHIDANWALA. Village in Patiala State, Punjab; situate on a 
high bank, beneath which flows a large offset of the Sutlej, issuing from 
that river on the left, a short distance below its junction with the 
Beas. Distant north-west from Calcutta 1167 miles. Lat. 31 10', 
long. 75. 

BHIGA. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal ; on the trunk-road 
from Calcutta to Benares, thirty miles north of Hazaribagh. Lat. 24 
24', long. 8520'. 

BHIKARIPUR. Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Bareilly to Pithoragarh, and forty miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
28 42', long. 79 52'. 

BHIKORAL Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 30', 
long. 71 50'. 

BHIKTJNGHAM. Town in Indore State ; distant south from Indore 
sixty miles. Lat. 21 51', long. 76 8'. 

BHIL STATES. Number of States, forming part of Central India 
Agency, and inhabited chiefly by Bhils ; including the following thirteen 
States : Dhar, Bakhtgarh, Jhabua, All Rajpur, Jobat, Katiwara, Ratan- 
mal, Mathwar, Dahi, Nimkhera, Bara Barkhera, Chota Barkhera, and 



110 BHI 

Kali Baori. The Deputy Bhil Agency includes the following six 
States : Barwani, Jamnia, Eajgarh, Kothide, Garhi, and Bharudpura. 
For the Bombay Bhil States in Khandesh, see DANG STATES. 

BHIL ANI. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. 
(1872), 1450. 

BHIL ATJRL Town in Satara district, Bombay ; on the left bank of 
the river Kistna (Krishna). Lat. 16 59' 30", long. 74 30' 45". Pop. 
(1881), 6569. 

BHILENG. River of British Burma. It rises among the mountains 
between the Tsittoung and Salwm, and falls into the Bay of Bengal near 
the mouth of the Tsittoung. 

BHILENGr. Hevenue circle in Shwe-gyeng district, British Burma. 
Between lat. 16 43' 17 19', and long. 97 21' 97 37'. Area, 220 
sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 8716. Situated on the right bank of the 
Bhileng river. 

BHILENGr. Town in Shwe-gyeng district, British Burma. Lat. 17 
14', long. 97 16'. Pop. (1877), 2074. 

BHILENG-KYAIK-HTO. Township in Shwe-gyeng district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 40,625. 

BHILGARH. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Pop. 
(1881), 6427. 

BHILKHIT. Village in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; a halting-place on 
the route from Pilibhit to Pithoragarh, sixty-two miles north-east of the 
former. Lat. 29 11', long. 80 6'. 

BHILLANG (or BHILLUNG). Eiver in Garhwal State, KW.P. ; a 
feeder of the Bhagirathi. It rises in lat. 30 46', long. 78 55', and 
taking a south-westerly course of about fifty miles, falls into the Bhagi- 
rathi on the left side, in lat. 30 23', long 78 31'. The elevation of the 
confluence is 2278 feet above the sea. The Bhillang is considered a 
sacred stream by the Hindus, 

BHILOLPTJR. Town and municipality in Ludhiana district, Punjab. 
Lat. 30 54', long. 76 21'. Pop. (1868), 3369. 

BHILOBIA. State in Eewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, five sq. miles. 
The Chief pays a tribute of 242 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

BHILSA. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency. Lat. 23 
31' 35", long. 77 50' 39". It is situate on a rock on the right or 
eastern bank of the river Betwa, and has a fort, inclosed by a wall of 
stone, furnished with square towers and a ditch. In the neighbourhood, 
and at Sanchi, four miles and a half south-west of Bhilsa, on a detached 
hill on the left bank of the river Betwa, are some Buddhist topes or 
monuments, said to be the most interesting in India. [See General 
Cunningham's BMlsa Topes, and Fergusson's History of Indian and 
Eastern ^Architecture.^ Distant east from Ujjain 134 miles, south from 
Gwalior 190. 

BHILSAR. Thana in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
135,120. 

BHILTT-GYWON. Island in the mouth of the Salwin river, in 
Amherst district, British Burma. Between lat. 16 15' 16 31', and long. 
97 30' 97 39'. Pop. (1876), 24,141. Area, 107 sq. miles. 

BHIL WAR A. Town in TJdaipur State, Bajputana; distant south 
from Ajmere eighty miles. Lat. 25 20', long. 74 44'. 



BHI 111 

BHIM GHORA. Place of pilgrimage in Saharanpur district, 1SVW.P.; 
about a mile north-east of Hardwar. It is in a small recess of the 
mountain bounding the Dehra Dun on the south, and in a perpendicular 
rock about 350 feet high. Here is a pool supplied with water from a 
small branch of the Ganges. Lat. 29 58', long. 78 14'. 

BHIM TAL. Lake in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 19', long. 
79" 41'. It is 4500 feet above the level of the sea. 

BHIMA. River of Poona, Ahmednagar, Sholapur, and Kaladgi 
districts, Bombay. Lat. 19 4' 30", long. 73 34' 30". It rises in the 
Sahyadri Hills and finally falls into the Kistna. 

BHIMAGANDI. A pass between Bellary district, Madras, and Sand- 
hur State. Lat. 15 7', long. 76 3'. See RAMANDE^G. 

BHIMAR. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 19', long. 
71 33'. 

BHIMAVERAM Taluk in Godavari district, Madras. Area, 416 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1871), 92,457. 

BHIMAVERAM. Village in Nellore district, Madras, granted in 
support of the Singara-ayakonda shrine. An annual festival is held here 
in April. 

BHIMBANDH. Hot springs in Monghyr district, Bengal. Lat. 25 
4', long. 86 27'. The heat of the water ranges from 144 to 150 F. 

BHIMBAR (or BHIMBUR). River in Gujrat district, Punjab. It 
rises in the Himalayas and falls into the Jalalia. There is also a 
village of the same name. Lat. 32 59', long. 74 6'. 

BHIMKATTA. District in Amreli division, Baroda State. Area, five 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 994. 

BHIMORA. State (with chief town of the same name), in North 
Kathiawar, Bombay. The Chief pays a yearly tribute of 31 to the 
British Government. Bhimora town, lat. 22 22', long. 71 16'. 

BHIMTHADL Subdivision in Poona district, Bombay. Area, 1037 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 110,428. 

BHINAL See Boirlr. 

BHIND. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the route 
from Etawah to Gwalior fort, twenty-nine miles south-west of former, 
fifty-four north-east of latter. Lat. 26 33' 25", long. 78 50' 20". Pop. 
(1881), 7412. 

BHIND AH. Town in Udaipur State, Rajputana; distant south-east 
from Udaipur thirty miles. Lat. 24 29', long. 74 16'. 

BHINDAR. Town in Udaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 6522. 

BHINDTIS. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 32', long. 
76 37'. 

BHINGA. Town in Bahraich district, Oudh. Lat. 27 40', long. 
82 1'. 

BHINGA. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bahraich district. 
Lat. 27 42', long. 81 57' 26". Pop. (1869), 3261. Area of pargana, 
247 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 86,927. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
126,398. 

BHINGAR. Town and municipality in Ahmadnagar district, Bombay. 
Lat. 19 6', long. 74 49' 15". Pop. (1881), 5106. 

BHINGRL Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Distant south-east 
from Gorakhpur fifty miles. Lat. 26 22', long. 84 4'. 



112 BHI BHO 

BHINMAL. Town in Jodhpur Slate, Rajputana ; distant south-west 
from Jodhpur 100 miles. Lat. 25 5', long. 72 20'. 

BHINPUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north from Haidar- 
abad 167 miles. Lat. 19 46', long. 78 35'. 

BHIR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-west from Haidar- 
abad 206 miles. Lat. 19, long. 75 55'. 

BHIRA. Thaua in Kheri district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 65,813. 

BHIRANUH. -Tillage in Hissar district, Punjab. Lat. 29 33', long. 
75 33'. 

BHIRIA. Town and municipality in Haidarabad district, Sind, 
Bombay. Lat. 26 55', long. 68 14' 15". Pop. (1872), 2549. 

BHIRJORA. Town in Goalpara district, Assam ; twenty-one miles 
north-west from Goalpara, ninety-five miles north-east of llangpur. Lat. 
26 27', long. 90 32'. 

BHIRNAGUR. Town in Purniah district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the river Kusi, twenty-nine miles north-west of Purniah. Lat. 25 59', 
long. 87 10'. 

BHISI. Town in Cha*nda district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
3257. 

BHIT SHAH. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. 
(1872), 1640. Founded in 1727 by Shah Abdul Latif, in whose honour 
an annual fair is held, largely attended by Muhammadans. 

BHITA SARKHANDI. Village in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. 
Lat. 26 37', long. 85 52'. A considerable trade is carried on with 
Nepal. 

BHITAH. Town in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Mirzapur to Banda, eleven miles south of Allahabad. Lat. 25 17', long. 
81 52'. 

BHITARGAN ATI. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh ; twenty-five 
miles south of Lucknow, thirty-four east of Cawnpore. Lat. 26 29', 
long. 80 54'. 

BHITAULI. Pargana in Bara Banki district, Oudh ; between the 
Kauriala and Chauka rivers. Area, 62 sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 25,320. 

BHITATJLL Town in TJnao district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 4656. 

BHITRL Town in Ghazfpur district, N.W.P.; on the route from 
Benares to Ghazipur, twenty-eight miles north-east of the former, 
seventeen west of the latter, and four north of the left bank of the 
Ganges. Lat. 25 35', long. 83 17'. 

BHIWANDI. Town (in the subdivision of the same name) in Tanna 
district, Bombay. Lat. 19 18' 10", long. 73 6'. Pop. (1881), 13,837. 
Area of subdivision, 250 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 75,363. 

BHIWANI. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name) in 
Hissar district, Punjab. Lat. 28 46', long. 76 11' 45". Pop. (1881), 
33,762. Area of tahsil, 585 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 103,556. 

BHIWANI. Town in Bhartpur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 6480. 

BHIWAPUR. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
20 46', long. 79 33' 30". Pop. (1881), 4571. Celebrated for its 
cloth. 

BHOCHAN. Town in Cutch State, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 3722. 

BHODAW-KANNI. Revenue circle in Bassein district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 3963. Area, 126 sq. miles. 






BHO 113 

BHOELI. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the river Karam- 
nasa, ten miles east of Chonar, fifteen miles south of Benares. Lat. 25 6', 
long. 83 3'. 

BHOGAI. River in the Garo Hills district, Assam. 

BHOGARMANG. Valley in Hazara district, Punjab; between lat. 
34 30' 34 48' 15", and long. 73 14' 15" 73 24' 30". Area, 77,418 
acres. Pop. (1868). 10,022. 

BHOG AW ADD AR. State in Gohelwar, Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying 
a tribute of 41 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

BHOGDABARL Town in Rangpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
10,892. 

BHOGNIPUR. Tahsil in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. Area, 275 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 88,081. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 58,352. 

BHOGNIPUR. Town in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Kalpi to Cawnpore, and eight miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
26 12', long. 79 51'. 

BHOGPUR (BAUGPUR). Village in Saharanpur district, KW.P. ; 
on the route from Moradabad to Hardwar, and thirteen miles south of the 
latter. It is situate on the right bank of the Ganges. Formerly a fortified 
position. Lat. 29 48', long. 78 13'. 

BHOGRAI. Embankment at the mouth of the Subarnarekha river in 
Balasor district, Bengal. 

BHOIKA, State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 178 sq. miles. 
Paying a yearly tribute of 176 to the British Government. 

BHOJPUR. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh ; five miles from the 
left bank of the Ganges, fifty south of Lucknow. Lat. 26 8', long. 
81 6'. 

BHOJPTIR. Town in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 57', 
long. 78 52'. Area, 54 acres. Pop. (1872), 5121. 

BHOJPUR. Town and municipality in Shahabad district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 38' 8", long. 84 9' 48". Pop. (1881), 9278. 

BHOJPUR. Pargana in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
61,043. 

BHOJUPURA. Thana in Bareilly district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
26,844. 

BHOKARERL Village in Muzaffarnagar district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Moradabad to the town of Muzaffarnagar, and fourteen miles 
east of the latter. It is situate near the right bank of the Ganges, 
distant north-west from Calcutta 942 miles. Lat. 29 30', long. 78. 

BHOKUR. See KERIALL. 

BHOLA. Thana in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Area, 262 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 123,169. 

BHOMBADL See BHUMAWAD! 

BHOMONG KANEYA. Circle in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal. 
Pop. (1881), 19,511. 

BHOMORAGURL Forest reserve in the north of Darrang district, 
Assam. Also a mountain in Darrang district. Estimated area, 386 acres. 

BHONGAON. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Mainpuri district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 27 15' 30", long. 79 12' 45". Pop. (1881), 6778. Area 
of tahsil, 463 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 210,768. Also pargana. Pop. 
(1881), 124,204. 

8 



114 BHO 

BHONGAON. Thana in Mainpuri district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
70,624. 

BHONTA. Town in Joclhpur State, Rajputana; distant south-west 
from Ajmere ninety-one miles. Lat. 25 36', long. 73 39'. 

BHONTI. Town in Jhansi district, KW.P. ; distant west from 
Jhansi thirty-one miles. Lat. 25 20', long. 78 11'. 

BHOOJ. See BHTJJ. 

BHOOMMAWADEE. See BntJMAWADf. 

BHOON-MAW. See BHUNMAW. 

BHOONG BARA. See BHUNG BAEA. 

BHOORA-HLA. See BHUEA-HLA. 

BHOOT-KHYOUNG. See BHUT-KIIYOTTXG. 

BHOOT-PYENG. See BHUT-PYENG. 

BHOPA. Thana in the Muzaifarnagar district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,067. 

BHOPAL. An agency in the Central India Agency, comprising the 
Bhopal, Rajghar, JsTarsinhghar, Karwai, Maksudangar, Kilchipur, Basoda, 
Muhammaclghar, Pathari, and Lara wad States; also parts of Gwalior, 
Indore, Tonk, and Dewas. Area, 6874 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,158,759. 

BHOPAL. State (with chief town of the same name) in the Central 
India Agency ; between lat. 22 32' 23 46', and long. 76 25' 78 
50'. Area, 6874 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 954,901. It is bounded on 
the north by Gwalior and Dhar States ; on the east by Sagar ; on the 
south by the Narbada ; and on the west by the territories of Sindhia and 
Holkar. The town, which is situated in lat. 23 15' 35", long. 77 25' 
56", contains a population (1881) of 55,402 persons. The Begum, who 
is entitled to a salute of 19 guns (21 within the limits of her own 
territories), maintains a force of 694 horse, 2200 foot, 14 field, and 43 
other guns, with 291 artillerymen. The State pays a tribute of 20,000 
to the British Government. The Consort of the Begum also has a salute 
of seventeen guns. 

BHOPALPTJR. Town in Gwaftor State, Central India Agency; on 
the route from Nimach to Sagar, 157 miles east of former, 149 west of 
latter. Lat. 23 48', long. 76 56'. 

BHOPA WAR. Ruinous town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. 
Distant south-west of Ujjain sixty-four miles, south-west of Gwalior 330. 
Elevation above the sea, 1836 feet. Lat. 22 35', long. 75 I'. 

BHOPRA. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay; on the left 
bank of the river Sir, forty -two miles south-east of Tatta. Lat. 24 12', 
long. 68 19'. 

BHOPRA. See BAPTJEUH. 

BHOR. State (with chief town of the same name) in the Deccan, 
Bombay. Area, 1491 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 145,876. 

BHOR. Town in Bhor State, in the Deccan, Bombay. Lat. 18 9', 
long. 73 53' 25". Pop. (1881), 4572. The chief, known as the Pant 
Sachin, maintains a retinue of 535 armed followers, and pays a yearly 
tribute of 527 12s. to the British Government. 

BHORANI. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; distant south-west 
from Jodhpur fifty-six miles. Lat. 25 37', long. 72 43'. 

BHORASO. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
left or west bank of the river Betwa. Lat. 24 8', long. 78 1'. 






BHO--BHU 115 

BHORE GHAUT. See Bon GHAT. 

BHOREKPUR. Town in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Etawah to Fatehgarh, and fourteen miles south-west of the latter. 
Lat. 27 12', long. 79 34'. 

BHORI. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces ; distant south 
from Nagpur fifteen miles. Lat. 20 56', long. 79 3'. 

BHORUH. Town in Gurgaon district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Delhi to Rewari, thirty-five miles south-west of the former. Lat. 28 17', 
long. 76 54'. 

BHORTJNPTJR. Town in Ghazipur district, KW.P. ; on the left 
bank of the Ganges, 522 miles north-west of Calcutta by water, fifty 
miles east of Ghazipur cantonment. Lat. 25 45', long. 84 33'. 

BHOTAN. See BHUTAN. 

BHOTIYA (BHOTIYA KUSI). One of the principal tributaries of 
the river Kusi. It rises on the southern face of the main Himalaya 
range, about lat. 28 28', long. 86 15', and flowing through Nepal in 
a southerly direction for 100 miles, falls into the Kusi about lat. 27 28', 
long. 85 41'. 

BHOTMARL Tillage in Rangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 26 1', 
long. 89 13'. 

BHOVANL See BHTAVANI. 

BHOWANIGANG. Thana in Rangpur district, Bengal. Area, 93 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 57,803. 

BHOWANIPATA. Town in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. 
Pop. (1881), 3483. 

BHOWANIPUR. Town in Purniah district, Bengal ; five miles from 
the right bank of the Kusi river, thirty miles south-west of Purniah. 
Lat. 25 34', long. 87 9'. 

BHOWANIPUR. See BHAWANIPUR. 

BHOWANNY. See BHEWANNI. 

BHOWAPAR. Town in Gorakhpur district, KVW.P. ; on the eastern 
route from Azamgarh to Gorakhpur, fifty-three miles north of the former, 
twelve south of the latter. It is situate on the river Rapti. Lat. 26 
40', long. 83 20'. 

BHOWNTJGGTIR. See BHAUNAGAR. 

BHOWURGURRL See BAURGARH. 

BHTJBAN. Hills in Cachar district, Assam ; height varying from 700 
to 3000 feet. 

BHUBIGHUR. Town and fort in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Lat. 
27 57', long. 78 18'. 

BHUBNA. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 5278. 

BHUDATJLL Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Situate on the 
Ganges, 705 miles from Calcutta. Lat. 25 13', long. 82 40'. 

BHUDAUSA. Town in Banda district, N.W.P. ; eighty miles from 
Allahabad. Lat. 25 15', long. 80 42'. 

BHUDDAWUR. Formerly the designation of a jagir on the banks of 
the Chambal, from which the Rajas of that name derive their title. 

BHTIDDESSHUR. Town in Hugli district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
9241. 

BHUDDUR (PTIDHOR). Town in Sirhind district, Punjab. Lat. 
30 27', long. 75 19'. 



116 BHTJ 

BHTTDLI. Town in Baroda State ; forty-six miles from Eajkot. Lat. 
22, long. 71 30'. 

BHUDOI. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 23', long. 
82 38'. 

BHUDRUK. See BHADRAZH. 

BHUDWANA. State of Jhalawar, in Kathiawar, Bombay (two 
villages), paying a tribute of 100 per annum to the British 
Government. 

BHTJDWAS. Village in Alfgarh district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 38', long. 
78 35'. 

BHUELL Pargana in Mirzapur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 58,836. 

BHUGU (BHUGGU). Village in Jodhpur State, Eajputana. Lat. 
27 27', long. 73 37'. 

BHUGWAN TALAO. Village in Mirzapur district, KW.P. Lat. 
25 4', long. 82 27'. 

BHUGWANPUR. Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. Lat. 28 10', 
long. 79 38'. 

BHUGWANPUR. Town in Saharanpur district, KW.P. Lat. 29 
56', long. 77 53'. 

BHUGWUNTGARH. Village in Jaipur State, Eajputana. Lat. 26 
9', long. 76 24'. 

BHUJ. Capital of Cutch State, Bombay. Lat. 23 15', long. 69 48' 
30". Pop. (1881), 20,661, exclusive of the cantonment, which has 
a population (1881) of 1647. Chiefly interesting for its archaeological 
monuments. 

BHUJI (BUI). See BHAJJI. 

BHUKAR. See CHANG BHAKIK. 

BHUKARHERL Pargana in the Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 46,957. Also town. Pop. (1881), 6195. 

BHUKRA. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 49', long. 
78 7'. 

BHULGAMRA. State of Jhalawar, in Kathiawar, Bombay (three 
villages), paying an annual tribute of 140 to the British Government. 

BHULLUAH. See NOIKHALI. 

BHUM. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-west from Haidar- 
abad 200 miles. Lat. 18 29', long. 75 42'. 

BHUM. See CHAMARDI. 

BHUM BAKES WAR. Hot sulphur springs on the banks of the 
Bakeswar stream, in Birbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 23 53' 30", long. 87 
24' 45". The temperature of the water varies from 128 to 162 F. 
About 120 cubic feet of water per minute are ejected from the hottest 
well. 

BHUMA SAMBALHERA. Pargana in Muzaffarnagar district, N. W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 38,092. 

BHUMAL. Village in Ludhiana district, Punjab. Lat. 30 56', long. 
75 32'. 

BHUMAW ADI. Township in Toung-ngu district, British Burma; 
on the left bank of the river Tsittoung. Pop. (1876), 18,481. There 
are two lakes known as Engwon and Zengdon in this district. 

BHUMA WADI. Revenue circle in Toung-ngu district, British 
Burma ; on the left bank of the river Tsittoung. 



BHtJ 117 

BHTJMPTJRA. Town in Gwalior State ; distant west from Gwalior 
forty -nine miles. Lat. 26 23', long. 77 30'. 

BHTJMRI. Town in Gonda district, Oudh. Lat. 27 34', long. 
82 22'. 

BHUMUH. Town in Muzaffarnagar district, KW.P. ; situate in lat. 
29 16', long. 78. 

BHITN. Town in Garhwal district, KAV.P. ; thirty-eight miles south 
of Srinagar, and forty-one miles west of Almora. Lat. 29 44', long. 
79 1'. 

BHTIN-MAW. Pagoda in Tenasserim, British Burma; about three 
miles north-east of Tavoy. This pagoda, which was built A.D. 1341, is 
41 feet high, and 117 feet in circumference at its base. 

BHTINAGIR (BHONGIR). Town in Haidarabad State; at the 
south-west base of a mountain, distant north-east from the city of 
Haidarabad thirty-two miles. Lat. 17 30', long. 78 58'. 

BHITNDRI. Village in Ludhiana district, Punjab. Lat. 30 58', 
long. 75 38'. 

BHTJNG BARA. Town and territory in Bahawalpur State, Punjab. 
Lat. of Bhung town, 28 24', long. 69 50'. 

BHTJNGAR (MINUS). River in Sirmur State, Punjab. Falls into 
the Tons, in lat. 30 46', long. 77 46'. 

BHUNIANA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 39', 
long. 71 53'. 

BHTINTIR. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 15 59', long. 77 6'. 

BHUPALPATNAM. State in Bastar, Central Provinces. Between 
lat. 18 32' 30" 19 9', and long. 80 18' 80 50'. Area, about 700 
sq. miles. 

BHITPPAYA. See GODAVABI. 

BHUR. Pargana in Kheri district, Oudh. Area, 376 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 81,894. 

BHURA. Town in Seoni district, Central Provinces ; distant north- 
east from Mgpur eighty -five miles. Lat. 21 50', long. 80 17'. 

BHURA-HLA. Revenue circle in Bassein district, British Burma. 
Area, 95 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 2004. 

BHURHILA. ViUage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 17', long. 
79 33'. 

BHURKHORA. Town in Saran district, Bengal. Lat. 26 5', long. 
84 46'. 

BHURMSIR. Village in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana. Lat. 27 42', 
long. 72 10'. 

BHUROKHARL Fort in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Elevation, 1709 
feet. Lat. 29 15', long. 76 36'. 

BHTIROLE. Town in Baroda State. Lat. 24 31', long. 71 30'. 

BHURP AH. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P., on the left bank of 
the river Gori, which runs 140 feet below, and is crossed by a bridge 
close to the village. Elevation above the sea, 10,836 feet. Lat. 30 22', 
long. 80 13'. 

BHURS PEAK. Mountain in Sirmur State, Punjab; a summit of 
the lower Himalayas, commanding an extensive prospect. On the top is 
a small Hindu temple. Elevation above the sea, 6439 feet. Lat. 30 
46', long. 77 12'. 



118 BHTJ 

BHURTAPUR. Town in Kheri district, Oudh. Lat. 28 20', long. 

Q 1 O O/ 

BHTTRTPORE See BHARTPUB. 

BHURTPUR (BHARTPUR). Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 44', long. 85 32'. 

BHTJRWAREH. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. Lat. 26 12', 
long. 85 49'. 

BHURWARU. Town in Hamirpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 23', 
long. 79 37'. 

BHTJSAWAL. Town (in subdivision of the same name) in Khandesh 
district, Bombay. Lat. 21 I' 30", long. 75 47'. Pop. (1881), 9613. 
Area of subdivision, 571 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 96,160. Bhusawal is 
the headquarters-station of the chief revenue and police officers of the 
subdivision, and the junction station of the Nagpur and Allahabad branch 
of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway. 

BHTTSHNA. Thana in Faridpur district, Bengal. Area, 135 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 107,415. 

BHTTSKI. Town in Patna district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Bhagalpur to Patna, fifteen miles south-east of the latter. Lat. 25 27', 
long. 85 27'. 

BHUSNUGRA. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the city of Agra to Aligarh, twenty-eight miles north of the former. 
Lat. 27 34', long. 78 6'. 

BHTJTAHA. Thana in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 36,902. 

BHUTAN. State in the Himalayas; between lat. 26 28, and long. 
89 93. It is bounded on the north by Thibet ; on the east by an 
uncivilized and almost unexplored tract; on the south by Assam and 
Jalpaiguri district; and on the west by Sikkim State. Pop. (1864), 
20,000. The chief river is the Manas. The Deb and Dharm Rajas 
receive an annual allowance of 2500 from the British Government. 

BHUTANA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay; paying a tribute of 64 
per annum to the British Government. Lat. 22 41', long. 71 54'. 

BHUTATII AH. Tillage in Moradabad district, KW.P.; on the route 
from Aligarh to the town of Moradabad, and twenty-nine miles south- 
west of the latter. Lat. 28 33', long. 78 32'. 

BHUTEURA. Village in Jubbal State, Punjab ; situate on the route 
from Chepal to Deora, and four miles north of the former place. Lat. 
30 58', long. 77 40'. 

BHUT-KHYOTJNG. Revenue circle in Bassein district, British 
Burma ; on the left bank of the Bassein river. Area, 45 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1876), 5466. 

BHTITNIR (BHTJTNAIR). See BHATNAIR. 

BHUTORA (BETAITRA). Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; 
on the right bank of the Ganges, eight miles north of the town of 
Fatehpur. Distant north-west from Calcutta by land 592 miles, by the 
course of the Ganges 906. Lat. 26 2', long. 80 56'. 

BHTJT-PYENG. Revenue circle in Mergui district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 1848. 

BHTITTIANA (BHATTIANA). An obsolete territorial division, 
that included the modern districts of Hissar and Sirsa ; so named as the 
territory of the Bhatti tribe, a clan of Rajputs. 



BHU BIB 119 

BHTJTTIARI. Town in Chittagong district, Bengal; on the route 
from Chittagong to Tipperah, twelve miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 22 30', long. 91 49'. 

BHUVANESWAR. City in Puri district, Bengal. Lat. 20 14' 45", 
long. 85 52' 26". It is a place of pilgrimage, and is sacred to Siva. At 
one time no less than 7000 shrines graced the lake, but of these only 500 
or 600 now remain, and these are mostly deserted and in ruins. 

BHWAI-BENGr GAN. Eevenue circle in Prorne district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 2738. 

BHWOT-LAY. See PA-DE. 

BHWOT-LAY. llevenue circle in Thayet district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 2975. 

BHYNS. Village in Muttra district, KW.P. ; on the route from the 
city of Agra to Bareilly, and nineteen miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
27 22', long. 78 15'. 

BHYNTHTJRI. Fort in Nepal State ; on the summit of a mountain 
two miles east of the left bank of the Kali (eastern), fourteen miles east of 
Pithoragarh. Elevation above the sea, 5615 feet. Lat. 29 34', long. 80 30'. 

BHYRAH. Town in Darbhangah district, Bengal ; sixty-four miles 
north-east of Patna. Lat. 25 51', long. 86 16'. 

BHYROWALAH. See VAIROW!L. 

BHYSONDAH. See BTXSONT. 

BIANA. Town in Bhartpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Agra to Mhow, fifty miles south-west of the former. It is situate on an 
eminence in a small plain, between two ranges of hills, running in some 
measure parallel to each other, and in a direction from north-east to 
south-west. The town contains many temples, and the whole ridge 
of the hill is covered with the remains of large buildings ; among which, 
the most remarkable is a fort, containing a high pillar of stone, called 
Bhi'm Lat, or the Staff of Bhim, conspicuous for a great distance through 
the country. Biana is distant north-west from Calcutta 851 miles. 
Lat. 26 57', long. 77 20'. Pop. (1881), 8758. 

BIANS. Pass in Kumaun district, N.W.P., over the Himalayas into 
Thibet, lying between lat. 30 3' 30 28', and long. 80 42' 80 57'. 
There is also a collection of villages in the same locality bearing this name. 

BIARMI or BIARMA. River of Narsinhpur district, Central Pro- 
vinces ; rising amidst the Vindhya range, in the Sagar and Narbada 
territory, at an elevation of 1700 feet above the sea, and in lat. 23 20', 
long. 79 3', and taking a north-east course of about 110 miles, falls into 
the Sonar, on the right side, in lat. 24 20', long. 79 55'. 

BIAS. Town in Rajshahf district, Bengal ; on the route from Dacca 
to Bogra, twenty-six miles south of the latter. Lat. 24 29', long. 89 18'. 
BIAS. See BEAS. 

BIAS. River of Bhopal State and Damoh district, Central Provinces. 
It falls into the Sonar. 

BIBAMEYU. Town in Etawah district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Etawah to Agra, sixteen miles north-west of the former. Lat. 26 56', 
long. 78 53'. 

BIBIPTIR. Tillage in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the cantonment of Eatehgarh to that of Cawnpore, and thirty-two miles 
north-west of the latter. Lat. 26 49', long. 80 8'. 



120 BIB BIG 

BIBRI. Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; on the route from the 
cantonment of Aligarh to that of Mainpuri, and thirty miles north-west 
of the latter. Lat. 27 30', long. 78 46'. 

BICCAVOLE. Town in Godavari district, Madras; eighteen miles 
east from Bajamahendri. Lat. 16 57', long. 82 6'. 

BICHA KOH. Town in Is T epal State ; distant south-west from 
Khatmandu thirty-two miles. Lat. 27 17', long. 85 I'. 

BICHNL See BIKAIEI. 

BICHOLIM. Town in the Portuguese territory of Goa ; on the route 
from the seaport of Agoada to Belgaum, distant north-east from the 
former fourteen miles, north from Goa eight miles. Lat. 15 36', long. 
74 1'. Pop. (1881), 26.529. 

BICKANEER. See BIKANEE. 

BID AH. Town (in district of same name) in Haidarabad State. 
Lat. 17 53', long. 77 34'. Area of district, 4884 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 793,309. 

BIDASIR. Town in Bikaner State, Eajputana. Lat. 27 48' 50", 
lon. 74 22' 15". 

BIDATJLL Town in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. ; situate on the 
route from Karnal to Meerut, and thirteen miles south-east of the former. 
Lat. 29 34', long. 77 10'. 

BIDATILL Pargana in Muzaffarngar district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
24,428. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 16,257. 

BIDHNTJ. Thana in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
29,348. 

BIDHTJNA. Tahsil in Etawah district, N.W.P. Area, 313 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 138,149. 

BIDHUNA. Thana in Etawah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 33,948. 

BIDI. Subdivision in Belgaum district, Bombay. Area, 632 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 79,264. 

BIDNTI. Town in Cawnpore district, IS" ."VV.P. ; on the route from 
Banda to Cawnpore, and eleven miles south of the latter. Lat. 26 20', 
long. 80 19'. 

BIDRABINE. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 45. 

BIDRI. Town on the left bank of the Kistna, in Jamkhandi State, 
Bombay ; fourteen miles east from the town of Jamkhandi. Lat. 16 32', 
long. 75 31'. 

BIDRTIR. -Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 428. 

BIDYADHARL A river in the Twenty-four Parganas district, 
Bengal. It finally with other streams forms the Matla, under which 
name it enters the Bay of Bengal. 

BIGAHPUR Town in TJnao district, Oudh; four miles north-eat 
of the left bank of the Ganges, forty south-west of Lucknow. Lat. 26 
24', long. 80 33'. 

BIGANBARI. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal; on the left 
bank of the Kangsa river, nineteen miles north of Jamalpur. Lat. 25 
10', long. 90. 

BIG-ARI. A canal of irrigation, in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay ; 
issuing from the Indus in lat. 28 3', long. 69 6', and having a course 
of about thirty miles. 



BIG-BIJ 121 

BIGHATTRA. Town in Purniah district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the river JS"agar, thirty-two miles south-east of Purniah. Lat, 25 32', 
long. 88. 

BIGHTTR. Tillage in Hissar district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Bhatnair, and forty-two miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
29 22', long. 75 34'. 

BIGOH. Town in Bikaner State ; distant east from Bikaner fifty-two 
miles. Lt. 28 4', long. 74 13'. 

BIGRATJLI. Village in Jubbal State, Punjab; on the route from 
Chepal to Deora, and five miles north of the former. It has a romantic 
site on the right bank of a stream called the ]S"ar. Lat. 31 1', long. 
77 38'. 

BIHAR. Town (in pargana of the same name) in Partabgarh district, 
Oudh. Pop. (1869), 4130. Pop. of pargana (1881), 128,344. Also 
tahsil. Pop. (1881), 310,665. 

BIHAR. Town (in pargana of the same name) in Unao district, 
Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2242. Pop. of pargana (1881), 12,832. 

BIHAR. River of Rewah State, Central India Agency, rising in lat. 
24 15', long. 81 5'. It finally falls into the Tons. Fifty miles from 
its source there is a fall 200 feet high. 

BIHARI. Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Etawah to Cawnpore, and thirty six miles west of the latter. Lat. 
26 21', long. 79 55'. 

BIHARI. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Ghazipur to Jaunpur, thirty miles west of the former, and thirty south- 
east of the latter. Lat. 25 6 35', long. 83 5'. 

BIH AT. State of Bundelkhand, Central India Agency, between lat. 25 
21' 25 26' 15", and long. 79 22' 30" 79 27'. Area, 13 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1&81), 4704. A military force of 125 foot soldiers is kept up. 

BIHAT. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2058. 

BIHAT. Town in dominions of Maharaja Sindia, Central India 
Agency ; distant east from Gwalior eighty-two miles. Lat. 25 1', long. 
7 30'. 

BIHL See Bmiri. 

BIHIPUR. Thana in Bhagalpur district, Bengal, Area, 175 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 98,403. 

BIHIYA. Village and station on East Indian Railway, in Shahabad 
district, Bengal. 

BIHIYA. A branch of the Arrah Canal, in Shahabad district, Bengal. 

BIHORA. State of Rewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, three-quarters of 
a sq. mile. The chief pays a tribute of 5 per annum to the Gaekwar 
of Baroda. 

BIHTA. Village in Rai Bareli district, Oudh ; on the left bank of 
the river Sai, fifty-five miles south-east of Lucknow, sixty north-west of 
Allahabad. Lat. 26 10', long. 81 20'. 

BIHTJR. See BmiR. 

BIHUR. Town in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. ; thirty-nine miles east 
from Bijnaur, and the same distance north from Moradabad. Lat. 29 21', 
long. 78 50'. 

BIJA. Hill State, Punjab. Lat. of centre about 30 56', long, about 
77 2'. Area, 4 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1158. 



122 B1J 

BIJAGARH. Town in Indore State, Central India Agency; distant 
south-west from Indore seventy-five miles. Lat. 21 40', long. 75 32'. 

BIJAHURL Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Agra to Aligarh, and fifteen miles south of the latter. Lat. 
27 42', long. 78 9'. 

BIJAIGARH. Town in Aligarh district, KW.P. Pop. (1872), 
5652. 

BIJAIGARH. Pargana in Mirzapur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
47,962. 

BIJAIGARH. Ruinous fortress in Mirzapur district, 1ST.W.P. ; on 
the top of a high mountain, covered from its base to its summit with 
wood, and most difficult of access. The fort is situate nine miles north 
of the left bank of the river Son, and fifty south of Benares. Lat. 24 34' 
38", long. 83 13' 35". 

BI JAIPUR. Town in Mirzapur district, 1ST.W.P. ; three miles south 
of the route from Mirzapur to Allahabad, fifteen miles west of the former. 
Lat. 25 8', long. 82 24'. 

BIJAPUR. Town (in the subdivision of the same name) in Kaladgi 
district, Bombay. Lat. 16 49' 45", long. 75 46' 5". Pop. (1881), 
11,424. Area of subdivision, 869 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 76,896. 

BIJAPUR. Chiefship in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. Area, 
80 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 14,722. 

BIJAPUR. Town in Baroda State, 60 miles south-east of Disa. Lat. 
23 32', long. 72 45'. Pop. 12,000. 

BIJAULL Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Ganges, 774 miles north-west of Calcutta by the river route, 
thirty-four south-east of the city of Allahabad by the same. Lat. 25 
18', long. 82 II 7 . 

BIJAULL Village in Etawah district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Etawah to Kalpi, and twelve miles south-east of the former. Lat. 26 
41', long. 79 13'. 

BIJAURA. Town in Sarguja State, Chutia Nagpur, Bengal ; distant 
north-east from Sarguja thirty-six miles. Lat. 23 16', long. 83 40'. 

BIJAURA. Village in Allahabad district, N.AV.P. ; on the right 
bank of the Ganges, 783 miles north-east of Calcutta by the river route, 
and twenty-five miles south-east of the city of Allahabad by the same. 
Lat, 25 16', long. 82 5'. 

BIJAWAR. State (with chief town of the same name) in Bundel- 
khand, Central India Agency; between lat. 24 21' 30" 24 57', and 
long. 79 1' 45" 79 57'. Area, 974 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 106,093. 
The Raja, who maintains a force of 100 horse and 800 infantry, with 
4 guns and 32 gunners, is entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. Pop. of capital 
(1881), 7192. 

BIJAYA. Pass in Vizagapatam district, Madras, from Parvatipur to 
Jaipur. 

BIJAYANAGAR. Pee HAMPI. 

BIJBAHAR (VIGIPARA). Town in Kashmir State, the largest 
town in the valley, after the capital, is situate on the banks of the 
Jhelum, about twenty-five miles south-east of the city of Kashmir. Over 
the river here is one of those singular and simply-constructed timber 
bridges, which, notwithstanding the apparently frail nature of their 



BIJ 123 

fabric, have endured for centuries, in consequence of the exemption of 
the country from storms or inclement weather. Lat. 33 47', long. 
75 13'. 

BIJBANI. Town in Champaran district, Bengal. Lat. 26 51' 30", 
long. 85 10'. Pop. (1872), 5920. 

BIJEGARH. See BIJAIGARH. 

BUERAGHOGARH. Part of Jabalpur district, Central Provinces; 
between lat. 23 43' 45" 24 8', and long. 80 23' 30" 81. Area, 
750 sq. miles. Pop. about 70,000. There is also a town of the same 
name. Pop. (1881), 2645. 

BIJIPTTR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south-west from Gwalior fifty-two miles. Lat. 26 2', long. 77 28'. 

BIJIPTIR. Part of Yizagapatam district, Madras. 

BIJJL Chief ship in Bastar State, Central Provinces, between lat. 17 
46' 18 23' 15", and long. 80 58' 81 34'. Area, 850 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 10,529. 

BULL State in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
17,437. Area, 129 sq. miles. 

BUNA. State (with chief town of the same name) in Bundelkhancl, 
Central India Agency. Area, 27 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2084. Lat. of 



capital, 25 27' 10", long. 79 5' 15". 
BUNAUR. District in t: 



the N.W.P., between lat. 29 1' 30" 30 2' 
45", and long. 78 2' 79. Area, 1867 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 721,450. 
It is bounded on the north and west by the Ganges, on the south by 
Moradabad, and on the east by the tarai and British Garhwal. The 
chief towns are Bijnaur, Nagma, Najibabad, and Sherkot. The chief 
hills are the Chandi Hills. The chief river is the Ganges. The district 
is administered by a Collector-Magistrate, a Joint Magistrate, an Assistant 
Magistrate, and the usual staff. 

BIJNAUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name) in 
Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 22' 36", long. 78 10' 32". Pop. 
(1872), 12,865. Area of tahsil, 304 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 124,096. 
There is also a pargana. Pop. (1881), 49,966. 

BIJNAUR. Town (in pargana of the same name) inLucknow district, 
Oudh. Lat. 26 56', long. 80 84'. Pop. (1881), 15,147. Area of 
pargana, 148 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 60,065. 

BUNL Town in Bhutan State. Lat. 26 23', long. 90 50'. 

BIJNI. Tillage (in Dwar of the same name) in Goalpara district, 
Assam, on the north bank of the Dalani river. Lat. 26 30', long. 
90 47' 40". Area of the Dwar, 374 sq. miles. Pop. (1870), 18,837. 

BIJOLI. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; on the 
route from Kalpi to the fort of Gwalior, sixteen miles east of latter, 112 
west of former. Lat. 26 13', long. 78 24'. 

BIJOLLI. Town in Udaipur State, Eajputana ; distant north-east 
from Udaipur 101 miles. Lat. 25 7', long. 75 20'. 

BIJUL. A river of Rewah State and Mirzapur district, KW.P. ; falls 
into the river Son on the right bank. Lat. 24 32', long. 83 2'. 

BIJWAR. Town in Ulwar State, Ptajputana ; distance south-west 
from Delhi sixty-five miles. Lat. 27 58', long. 76 35'. 

BIJWAR. Town in Tonk State, Bajputana ; distant north-east from 
Tonk eighteen miles. Lat. 26 20', long. 75 44'. 



124 BIJ BIK 

BIJWASIN. Tillage in Delhi district, Punjab; on the route from 
Delhi to Eewari, and fifteen miles south-west of the former. Lat. 28 30', 
long. 77 7'. 

BIKAIEI. Village in Panna State, Central India Agency; on the 
route from Mirzapur to Sagar, 285 miles south-west of former, twenty- 
seven east of latter. Elevation above the sea, 1263 feet. Lat. 23 53', 
long. 79 13'. 

BIKALLI. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 16. 

BIKANAHALLL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 43. 

BIKANER. State in Bajputana; between lat. 27 32' 29 57', and 
long. 72 30' 75 50'. It is bounded on the north-west by Bahawalpur; 
on the north by the Punjab ; on the east by Jaipur ; and on the south 
and south-west by Jodhpur and Jaisalmir. Area, 22,340 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 509,021. The principal town is Bikaner. The chief, 
who is entitled to a salute of seventeen guns, maintains a force of 
750 cavalry, 140 artillery, 1300 infantry, 20 field, and 75 other 
guns. 

BIKANER. Town in Bikaner State, Eajputana. Lat. 28, long. 
73 22'. Pop. (1881), 43,283. 

BIKANPUR. Tillage in Meerut district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Delhi to the town of Meerut, and eighteen miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 28 45', long. 77 31'. 

BIKAPUR. Tahsil in Faizabad district, Oudh. Between lat. 26 
24' 30" 26 43' 20", and long. 81 43' 82 23'. Area, 466 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 266,015. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 121,513. 

BIKARAH. Town in Etawah district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Lucknow to Etawah, and thirty miles east of the latter. Lat. 26 45', 
long. 79 39'. 

BIKASTJR. Tillage in Bikaner State, Eajputana ; on the route from 
Nagor to the city of Bikaner, and twenty-five miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 27 40', long. 73 30'. 

BIKIAKI SYN. Town in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the left 
bank of the Eamganga river, twenty-two miles north-west of Alniora. 
Lat. 29 42', long. 79 20'. 

BIKKAVOLTI. See VENGI. 

BIKONTPOR. Town in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the Tista river, seventy-eight miles north of Dinajpur. Lat. 26 43', 
long. 88 36'. 

BIKRAM. Thana in Patna district, Bengal. Area, 281 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 180,362. 

BIKRAMPTIR. Tillage in Dacca district, Bengal. Lat. 23 33', 
long. 90 33' 30". 

BIKRAMPTIR. Town in Bfrbhum district, Bengal ; on the route 
from Berhampur to Krishnagar, thirty-two miles south of the former. 
Lat. 23 37', long. 88 23'. 

BIKRAMPUR. Town in Cachar district, Assam; fifty-two miles 
east from Sylhet, thirteen miles north-west of Silchar. Lat. 24 55', 
long. 92 42'. 

BIKTIMPTIR. Fort in Jaisalmir State, Eajputana; in the sandy 
desert, ninety-five miles north-east of the town of Jaisalmir. Lat. 
27 43', long. 72 16', 



BIL 125 

BILAIGARH. State (with capital of the same name) in Bilaspur 
district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 10,848. Lat. of capital, 
21 38' 15", long. 82 46'. 

BIL ANU. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 15',long.76 8'. 

BILARA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; distant east from 
Jodhpur forty-two miles. Lat. 26 1 1', long. 73 49'. 

BILARALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 105. 

BILARL Town and tahsil in Moradabad district, NVW.P. ; on the 
route from Aligarh to Moradabad, fourteen miles south of the former. 
Lat. 28 36', long. 78 53'. Area of tahsil, 318 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
229,784. 

BILARIMAU. Village in Cawnpore district, N.AV.P. ; on the route 
from Etawah to Cawnpore, and thirty-nine miles west of the latter. 
Lat. 26 21', long. 79 51'. 

BILASPUR. A district in the Central Provinces; between lat. 
21 22' 22 32', and long. 81 3' 83 5'. It is bounded on the north 
by Rewah State ; on the east by Chutia Nagpur and Sambalpur district ; 
on the south by Raipur; and on the west by Mandla and Balaghat 
mountains. Pop. (1881), 1,017,327. Area, 7798 sq. miles. The chief 
towns are Bilaspur and Ratanpur. The chief rivers are the Mahanadi, 
Son and Narbada. Bilaspur is administered by a Deputy Commissioner 
and Staff. 

BILASPUR. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Bilaspur district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 22 5', long. 82 12'. Pop. (1881), 7775. 
Area of tahsil, 4770 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 418,620. 

BILASPUR. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Pop. (1872), 
2732. 

BILASPUR. See KAHL^R. 

BILASPUR. Chief town of the Bilaspur State, Punjab. Lat. 31 19', 
long. 76 50'. 

BILDARI. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 165. 

BILDI. Estate in Kathiawar, Bombay. 

BILEHRI. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2657. 

BILGA. Town in Jalandhar district, Punjab. Lat. 31 3', long. 
75 4' 30". Pop. (1881), 6634. 

BILGI. Town in North Kanara district, Bombay. Lat. 14 23', 
long. 74 52'. 

BILGRAM. Town (also tahsil and pargana both of the same name) in 
Hardoi district, Oudh. Lat. 27 10' 30", long. 80 4' 30". Pop. (1881), 
11,067. Area of tahsil, 558 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 259,292. Area of 
pargana, 117 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 57,360. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
110.581. 

BILHAUR. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Cawnpore district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 26 50' 10", long. 80 6' 30". Pop. (1881), 5889. Area 
of tahsil, 196 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 100,654. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
67,377. 

BILHAWALLA (BILABARI). Village in Moraddbad district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from the town of Moradabad to Almora, and 
twenty miles north of the former. Lat. 29 5', long. 78 58'. 



126 BIL-BIM 

BILHEKL Town in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Pithoragarh, and forty-three miles south of the latter. Its 
elevation above the sea is 740 feet. Lat. 28 59', long. 80 5'. 

BILHERL Pargana in Tarai district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 23,650. 

BILHOTJR (BILOTJR). See BILHAUR. 

BILIGERL Villages in Coorg, Madras. Having a pop. (1881) 
respectively of 626 and 181. 

BILIGIRI-RANGAN. Hills in Mysore district, Mysore State. 

BILIHRA. State (with chief village of the same name) in Sagar 
district, Central Provinces. Area, 15 sq. miles. Pop. (1870), 1331. 

BILIMORA. Town of Baroda State, though included in Surat 
district, Bombay. Lat. 20 41', long. 73 4'. Pop. (1881), 4750. 
There is also a station on the Bombay and Baroda Railway. 

BILKAW. Town in Baroda State, Bombay ; distant south from 
Rajkot sixty-one miles. Lat. 21 27', long. 70 40'. 

BILLASPTJR. See BiLispuB. 

BILLAUNAN. Village in Ali'garh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Fatehgarh to Meerut, and eighty-three miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 27 52', long. 78 32'. 

BILLATJTI (BILOTHE). Village in Muttra district, KW.P. ; 
on the route from Muttra to Delhi, and seventeen miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 27 40', long. 77 36'. 

BILOHI (BAULI). Village in Mirzapur district, NW.P. ; on the 
route from Mirzapur to the town of Rewah, and forty-eight miles south- 
west of the former. Elevation above the sea, 1128 feet. Lat. 24 41', 
long. 82 19'. 

BILRAM. Town (in pargana of same name), in Etah district, N.W.P. 
Pop. (1872), 3219. Pop. of pargana (1881), 42,619. 

BILRAM (BILGRAM). Town in Budaun district, N.W.P. ; on 
the route from Fatehgarh to Meerut, and seventy miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 27 49', long. 78 39'. 

BILRL State in North Kathiawar, Bombay. 

BILSL Town and municipality in Budaun district, K~W.P. Lat. 28 
7' 45", long. 78 56' 50". Pop. (1881), 6301. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
96,592. 

BILSUNDA. Thana in Pilibhit district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
37 333 

BILTIGTINDA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 940. 

BILTIN. Town in Multan district, Punjab, on the left bank of the 
Chenab, five miles north of the town of Multan. Lat. 30 1 1', long. 
71 31'. 

BILUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 547. 

BILWA (BELAWA). Village in Gorakhpur district, N."W.P. 
Distant south-east of Gorakhpur twenty miles. Lat. 26 36', long. 83 43'. 

BIMA See BHIMA. 

BIMCHITTUR. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab. Elevation above 
the sea, 11,950 feet. Lat. 31 20', long. 78 &. 

BIMLIPATAM. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Vizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 17 53' 15", long. 83 29' 50". Pop. 
(1881), 8582. Pop. of taluk (1871), 106,419. 

BIMPOR. Village in Daman, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 532. 



BIR 127 

BIN AW AH. Thana in Budaun district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 35,565. 

BIND ACHAL. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Mirzapur, fifty-three miles south-east of the former, 
and eight west of the latter. The town is situate on the right bank 
of the Ganges, 456 miles north-west of Calcutta. Lat. 25 10', long. 
82 30'. 

BIND ACHAL. A range of mountains in and adjacent to Bundelkhand, 
Central India Agency. 

BINDACHAL. Thana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
70,927. 

BINDATJR. Town in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Dinajpur to Purniah, thirty miles north-west of the former. Lat. 25 43', 
long. 88 10'. 

BINDAUR. Town in Fatehpur district, KW.P. ; on the left bank of 
the Jumna, seventeen miles west of the town of Fatehpur. Lat. 25 54', 
long. 80 34'. 

BINDIA NOWAGARH. See NOWAGARH. 

BINDKI. Pargana in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
44,351. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 27,658. 

BINDKI KHAS. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Fatehpur to Kalpi, and seventeen miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 26 3', long. 80 40'. Pop. (1881), 6698. 

BINDRABAN. See BRINDABAN. 

BINDRAWANAGARH. Chiefship in Raipur district, Central Pro- 
vinces. Area, 1449 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 37,079. 

BINEKA. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces; on the route 
from Sagar to Shahgarh, twenty miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
24 4', long. 78 55'. 

BINGANAPALLI Village in Nellore district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 
1257. 

BINJOLI. Town in Bastar State, Central Provinces ; distant north- 
east from Bastar fifteen miles. Lat. 19 18', long. 82 10'. 

BINOA. River of Kangra district, Punjab; falls into the Beas in lat. 
31 48', long. 76 33'. 

BINOLL Thana in Meerut district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 35,426. 

BINPTJR. Thana in Midnapur district, Bengal. Area, 467 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 90,704. 

BIN STIR PEAK. Mountain of Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; a summit 
of the Sub-Himalaya, or range south of the main chain. Distant north- 
east of Almora nine miles. Elevation above the sea, 7969 feet. Lat. 
29 42', long. 79 48'. 

ilNWAR. Thana in Ham irpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 17,637. 

BIOR. Village in Jhajjar State, now incorporated in Kohtak district, 
Punjab. Lat. 28 11', long. 76 19'. 

BIR. Village with iron mines in Kangra district, Punjab. Lat. 
32 2' 45", long. 76 46' 15". 

^ BIR BANDH. An embankment of the Paus river in Bhagalpur 
district, Bengal. 

BIR AHN A. Village iu Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Alfgarh to Muttra, and twelve miles north-east of the latter. Lat. 27 
34', long. 77 54'. 



128 BIB, 

BIRAICHA. Thana in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
47,949. 

BIRAMGANTA. Town in Nellore district, Madras. 

BIRBHANWALLA. Village in Bijnaur district, KW.P. ; three 
miles from the right bank of the Kamganga (western). Lat. 29 32' 
long. 78 42'. 

BIRBHUM. A district in Bengal; between lat. 23 33' 24 9', 
long. 87 7' 30" 88 4' 15". Area, 1756 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
794,428. It is bounded on the north by the Santal Parganas and 
Murshidabad district; on the east by Murshidabad and Bardwan districts; 
on the south by Bardwan district ; and on the west by the Santal 
Parganas. The chief town is Surf. 

BIRBHUM. Subdivision (in district of same name) in Bengal. Area, 
1087 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 483,921. 

BIRCHIGAON (BIRCHIGUNG). Pass in Kumaun district, KW.P. 
Lat. 30 12', long. 80 17'. Highest point about 20,000 feet. 

BIRDHA. Thana in Lalitpur district, JST.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
11,024. 

BIRDICHA. Thana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
47,949. 

BIRGANJ. Village on the Dhapa, in Dinajpur district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 51' 30", long. 88 41' 40". Also thana. Area, 304 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 139,891. 

BIRGAON. Town in Champaran district, Bengal. Lat. 27 6', long. 
84 11' 45". Pop. (1872), 5920. 

BIRH. District in Haidarabad State. Area, 4487 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 560,960. 

BIRHAR. Pargana in Faizabad district, Oudh. Area, 218 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 137,841. 

BIRIA. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 46', long. 84 
31' 35". Area, 44 acres. Pop. (1872), 5589. 

BIRIMDEO. Town in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; on the right bank 
of the river Kali, forty-seven miles south-east of Almora. Elevation 
above the sea, 798 feet. Distant north-west from Calcutta by Bareilly 842 
miles. Lat. 29 7', long. 80 13'. 

BIRJTI. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; fourteen miles south 
of the Juhar Pass. Elevation above the sea, 11,314 feet. Lat. 30 23', 
long. 80 12'. 

BIRKUL. Village in Midnapur district, Bengal. Lat. 21 40' 40", 
long. 87 32'. 

BIRKUL. Embankment in Midnapur district, Bengal ; running 
for forty-one miles parallel with the coast. 

BIRKUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-west from 
Haidarabad eighty-nine miles. Lat. 18 28', long. 77 52'. 

BIRKUT. Town in Birbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 24 24', long. 
87 48'. 

BIRMI. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal ; on the left bank of 
the Barakar river, forty-two miles north-east of Hazaribagh. Lat. 24 
17', long. 86. 

BIRMSIR. Town in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; distant north-west 
from Jaisalmir eleven miles. Lat. 27 3', long. 70 53'. 



BIB BIS 129 

BIRNAGAR. Town and municipality in Nadiya district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23 14' 30", long. 88 36' 10". Pop. (1869), 4499. An annual 
festival is held in June, attended by upwards of 10,000 pilgrims. 

BIRNO. Thana in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 59,710. 

BIRONDEM. Parish in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 17. 

BIRPUR. Village in Bhagalpur district, Bengal. Lat. 26 32', long. 
87 3'. Pop. about 3660. 

BIRPUR. Thana in Gonda district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 43,788. 

BIRPUR. Town in Balasinor State, Bombay ; on the route from 
Mhow to Disa, 180 miles north-west of former, 146 south-east of latter. 
Lat. 23 10', long. 73 29'. 

BIRPUR. Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Agra to Bareilly, and twenty-four miles south-west of the latter. 
Lat. 28 15', long. 79 13'. 

BIRPUR. Village in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal; on the route, 
along the left bank of the Ganges, from Monghyr to Patna, nineteen 
miles east of the latter. Lat. 25 32', long. 85 33'. 

BIRPUR. Village in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the cantonment of Aligarh to that of Fatehgarh, and seventeen 
miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 27 26', long. 79 26'. 

BIRSILPUR. Town in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; ninety miles 
south-east of Bahawalpur. It has a fort situate on a small eminence, 
rising to the height of about twenty feet. The town is situate at the 
south and east faces of the fort. Lat. 28 11' 20", long. 72 15' 5". 

BIRSINGPUR. Town in Panna State, Central India Agency; 100 
miles south-west of Mirzapur. Elevation above the sea, 1064 feet. Lat. 
24 48', long. 81 1'. 

BIRSINGPUR. Town, on the right bank of the Rind, in Cawnpore 
district, N.W.P. ; seventeen miles south of Cawnpore. Lat. 26 13', 
long. 80 21'. 

BIRU. Thana in Lohardaga district, Bengal. Area, 877 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 66,061. 

BIRUDANKARAYAPURAM. See VENGI. 

BIRUGA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 108. 

BIRUL. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal ; on the route from Hujjli 
to Jessor, forty miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 23, long. 88 35'. 

BIRUMSIR. Village in Bikaner State, Rajputana; situate on the 
route from Patan to the town of Bikaner, and ninety-seven miles east of 
the latter. Lat. 28 2', long. 74 53'. 

BIRUNANL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 522. 

BIRUPA. River of Cuttack district, Bengal. It leaves the Mahanadi 
at Cuttack, and falls into the Brahmani. 

BIRUR. Town and municipality in Kadur district, Mysore. Lat. 13 
36' 10", long. 76 0' 40". Pop. (1871), 3617. 

BISALA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Pokaran to Balmer, and sixteen miles north of the latter. It is situate at 
the base of a rocky ridge of considerable height, stretching southward for 
about twenty miles. Lat. 25 55', long. 71 23'. 

BISALNAGAR. Town in Baroda State. Lat. 23 2' 20", long. 72 
42' 50". Pop. (1872), 18,000. 

9 



130 BIS 

BISALPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of the same name) in 
Bareilly district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 17' 35", long. 79 50' 35". Pop. (1881), 
8903. Area of tahsil, 370 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 179,350. 

BISALPUR. Thana in Pilibhit district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
90,847. 

BISANUH. Village in Aligarh district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Agra to Aligarh, and twenty-five miles north of the former. 
Lat. 27 29', long. 78 7'. 

BISARO. Village in Aligarh district, KAV.P. ; on the route from 
Meerut to Muttra, and forty-two miles north-east of the latter. Lat. 28 
1', long. 77 57'. 

BISAULI. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Budaun district, 
KW.P. ; twenty-two miles north-west of Budaun. Lat. 28 18', long. 79. 
Area of tahsil, 343 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 187,658. Also pargana. 
Pop. (1881), 58,164. And thana. Pop. (1881), 87,678. 

BIS AULL Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; situate on the river 
Ravi. Lat. 32 33', long. 75 28'. 

BISATIT. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. Lat. 30 50', long. 78 
16'. 

BISAWAR. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 23' 30", 
long. 77 56' 30". Area, 66 acres. Pop. (1872), 5221. 

BISENTAUR. Town in Rawalpindi district, Punjab ; situated on the 
route from Jhelum to Rawalpindi, thirty miles north-west of the town of 
Jhelum. Lat. 33 24', long. 73 20'. 

BISEORA. See BESSERAH. 

BISHANPUR. Thana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,997. 

BISHANPUR NARHAN KHAS. Village in Darbhanga district, 
Bengal. Lat. 25 42', long. 86 3'. Pop. (1881), 5963. 

BISHENPUR. See BISHNUPUR. 

BISHKH ALL River of the Bakarganj Stmdarbans, Bengal. Lat. 
21 59' 45" 22 34' 15", long. 90 2' 45" 90 24'. 

BISHNTTPUR (BISHENPORE). Town and municipality in Banlmra 
district, Bengal. Lat. 23 4' 40", long. 87 22' 45". Pop. (1881), 
18,863. The town was formerly of great magnificence, and still contains 
some curious ruins. 

BISHWUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-west from 
Haidarabad 212 miles. Lat. 19 59', long. 76 51'. 

BISKOHUR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 19', 
long. 82 38'. 

BISNATH. Town in Darrang district, Assam ; on the right bank of 
the Brahmaputra; on the route from Darrang to Lakhimpur, seventy 
miles north-east of the former. Lat. 26 40', long. 93 10'. 

BISON RANGE. Loftiest point of the hills in Godavari district, 
Madras, 4200 feet high. 

BISRAMGANJ. Village in Panna State, Central India Agency ; on 
the route from Banda to Jabalpur, 50 miles south of the former, 181 north 
of the latter. It is beautifully situate in a wooded gorge. Lat. 24 50', 
long. 80 19'. 

BISRAMPUIL Village in Sarguja State, Chutia Nagpur, Lat. 23 
2', long. 83 14' 10". 






BIS BIT 131 

BISRAMPTJR COAL-FIELD. Part of Sarguja State, Chutia Nagpur. 
Area, 400 sq. miles. 

BISSAU. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 6546. 

BISSAULL See BISAULI. 

BISSATTR ( BITS AWUR). - Town in Bhartpur State, Rajputana; 
on the route from Agra to Ajmere, 63 miles west of former, 165 east of 
latter. Lat. 27 2', long. 77 7'. 

BISSEMKATAK (BISSEMCUTTACK). Town in Jaipur estate, 
Yizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 19 30' 30", long. 83 33'. Pop. 
(1881), 1123. 

BISSEMKATAK. District in Vizagapatam, Madras. 

BIS SENPUR. Subdivision in Bankura district, Bengal. Area, 700 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 394,667. Also thana. Area, 302 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 140,878. 

BISSI. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces ; distant south- 
east from Mgpur forty-two miles. Lat. 20 38', long. 79 29'. 

BISSLL Pass (with village of the same name) in South Kanara 
district, Madras. Lat. 12 44'. long. 75 41'. A great cattle fair is 
held annually at this soot. Lat. of village. 12 45', long. 75 45'. 

BISTH JULINDER. See JALANBHAR. 

BISTT. Tillage in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Pokaran to Balmer, and forty-three miles north of the latter. Lat. 26 
16', long. 71 24'. 

BISULI (BISSATJLI). See BISAULI. 

BISULNUGGTJR, or BISANAGAR. See BISALNAGAB. 

BISULPUR. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajpuidna ; on the route from 
the city of Jodhpur to that of Ajmere, and eighteen miles east of the 
former. Pop. 4050. Lat. 26 16', long. 73 26'. 

BISUNDA (BISRA). Thana in Banda district, KW.P. Pop. 
(1881), 27,225. 

BISWAN (BISWAH). Town (also tahsi'l and pargana both of 
the same name) in Sitapur district, Oudh. Lat. 27 29', long. 81 2'. 
Pop. (1881), 8148. Area of tahsil, 597 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 216,464. 
Area of pargana, 220 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 105,559. Also thana. 
Pop. (1881), 119,852. 

BISWUK. Town in Patna district, Bengal ; on the route from Behar 
to Gaya, twenty miles west of the former. Lat. 25 8', long. 85 18'. 

BITHAR. Town in Unao district, Oudh. Lat. 26 25' 20", long. 
80 36' 25". Pop. (1869), 3229. 

BITHAULL Pargana in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
22,839. 

BITHNOK. Town in Bikaner State, Rajputana ; distant south-west 
from Bikaner, forty miles. Lat. 27 50', lon<?. 72 46', 

BITHUR. Town in Cawnpore district, KW.P. Lat. 26 36' 50", 
long. 80 19'. Pop. (1881), 6685. Celebrated as the abode of the in- 
famous Nana Sahib, the instigator of the massacre at Cawnpore in 1857. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 44,968. 

BITODEM. Tillage in Ponda district, Portuguese India, Pop. 
(1881), 570. 

BITRAGANTA. Town in Kellore district; Madras. An annual fair 
is attended by about 4000 persons. 



132 BIT BOD 

BITTAGANAHALLI. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. 
(1881) respectively of 129 and 33. 

BITTAMGAL A. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 669. 

BITTER STREAM. Torrent of Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; 
rising in the Sulaiman range, lat. 31 30', long. 69 58', and flowing 
about forty miles, loses itself in the sands before reaching the Indus. 

BITURI. Village in Jodhpur State, Eajputana ; on the route from 
Jaisalinir to ISTasirabad, and 202 miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 27 
5', Ion?. 72 25'. 

BLACK PAGODA. See KAN!BAK. 

BLACK ROCK. Situate a few miles off the shore of Arakan, British 
Burma, and to the north of Cape ]S T egrais. Lat. 16 11', long. 94 16'. 

BLACKWOOD'S HARBOUR. Harbour in Nellore district, Madras ; 
sheltered by the Armeghon Shoal. Lat. 13 53', long. 80 17'. 

BLIUVANTJGIRL Town in South Arcot district, Madras, thirty- 
two miles north-west of Tranquebar. Lat, 11 28', long. 79 43'. 

BLUE MOUNTAIN. Mountain in Akyab district, British Burma. 
Lat. 22 37', long. 93 10'. It is 7100 feet high. 

BLUFF POINT. A bold headland on the coast of Amherst district, 
British Burma. Lat, 15 47', long. 97 45'. 

BOALMARI. Village on the Barasia river in Faridpur district, 
Bengal. Lat. 23 23', long. 89 48' 30". Pop. 1000. 

BOANUH. Town in Delhi district, N.W.P. ; on the Western Jumna 
Canal, seventeen miles north-west of Delhi. Lat. 28 48', long. 77 5'. 

BOBBILI (DOBBILI). State in Vizagapatam district, Madras. 
Between lat. 18 22' 18 46', and long. 83 10' 83 20'. Area, 120 
sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 154,443. The owner pays an annual tribute of 
9000 to the British Government. 

BOBBILI. Town in Bobbili State, Vizagapatam district, Madras. 
Lat, 18 34', long. 83 25'. Pop. (1881), 14,943. 

BOBINA. Town in Jhansi district, N.W.P. ; distant south-west from 
Jhansi eighteen miles. Lat. 25 15', long. 78 33'. 

BOCAL. Parish in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 77. 

BOD (BOAD). State (with chief village of the same name) in 
Orissa; between lat. 20 13' 20 53' 30", and long. 83 36' 45" 
84 50'. Area, 2064 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 108,868. It is bounded 
on the north by the Mahanadi river; on the east by Daspalla; on the 
south by Gumsar and Kimidi States, Madras ; and on the west by Patna 
and Sonpur States, Central Provinces. The chief river is the Mahanadi. 
The chief hill is Bondigara. 

BODA. State (with chief town of same name) belonging to the Kuch 
Behar State, Bengal. Area, 475 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 141,507. 

BODA. Thana in Jalpaiguri district, Bengal. Area, 381 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 178,643. 

BODANONESS. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Lat. 21 24', long. 
71 50'. The chief pays a yearly tribute of 10 to the British Go- 
vernment. 

BODEGAUM. Town in Haidarabad State; distant north-east from 
Ahmednagar fifty miles. Lat. 19 20', long. 75 30'. 

BODEN. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-west from 
Haidarabad 100 miles. Lat. 18 40', long. 77 57'. 



BOD BOK 133 

BODH GAYA. See BUDDH GAY!. 

BODINAYAKANTJR (BODYNAIKENTJR). -- State in Madura 
district, Madras. Area, 98 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 34,497. The Chief 
pays a tribute of 1534 per annum to the British Government. 

BODINAYAKANTJR. Town in Madura district, Madras. Lat. 10 
0' 50", long. 77 25'. Pop. (1871), 13,154. 

BOD WAD (BOD WTTR). Town in Khandesh district, Bombay. Lat. 
20 52' 15", long. 76 2'. 

BOENCHIE. See BAINCHI. 

BOGAREA. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Berhampur to Bhagalpur, twenty-two miles south of the latter. Lat. 
24 54', long. 86 55'. 

BOGRA (BOGTJRAH or BOGRAH). A district in Bengal, between 
lat. 24 32' 15" 25 18' 30", and long. 88 54' 15" 89 48'. It is 
bounded on the east by the Brahmaputra. Area, 1498 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 734,358. The chief towns are Bogra and Sherpur. The chief 
rivers are the Tista and Brahmaputra. The district is traversed for a 
distance of 39 miles by the Northern Bengal State Railway. Also thana. 
Area, 361 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 233,386. 

BOGRA. Town in Bogra district, Bengal. Lat. 24 50' 45", long. 
89 25' 50". Pop. (1881), 6179. 

BOGS AD ALII. Town in the native state of Bhutan, distant north- 
west from Behar forty-one miles. Lat. 26 32', long. 88 53'. 

BOGULA. See BAGULA. 

BOGW ANGOLA. See BHAGW ANGOLA. 

BOHAN DEVI. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; between the 
Jumna and Bhagirathi. Lat. 30 30', long. 78 18'. 

BOHANIGUNJ (BHAWANIGANJ). Town of Partabgarh district, 
Oudh; thirty-two miles north-west of Allahabad. Lat. 25 48', long. 81 34'. 

BOHAURI. Town in Broach district, Bombay ; thirty-six miles 
south-east of Surat. Lat. 20 56', long. 73 22'. 

BOHELLAH. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces; distant 
west from Konker forty miles. Lat. 20 18', long. 81 9'. 

BOHRTIPAH. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Ganjam to Cuttack, five miles south of the latter. Lat. 20 24', long. 
85 53'. 

BOILCUNTLA. Town in Karnul, Madras ; forty-eight miles south- 
east of Karnul. Lat. 15 24', long. 78 40'. 

BOIRONL Town in Ganjam, Madras; situate twenty-five miles 
north-west of Ganjam. Lat. 19 35', long. 84 50'. 

BOJAPOMAH. Town in the Naga Hills, north-east frontier; sixty 
miles north from Manipur. Lat. 25 40', long. 93 50'. 

BOKARO. Coal-field in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Lat. 23 40' 
23 50', long. 85 30' 86 10'. Area, 220 sq. miles. Also a river 
flowing through the coal-field. 

BOKAULI. Village in Bhartpur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Agra to Mhow, thirty-two miles south-west of former. Lat. 27 1', 
long. 77 36'. 

BOKER (BILTJND, or BAILTJN). River of Mirzapur and Allah- 
abad districts, N.W.P. It falls into the river Tons in lat. 25 2', long. 
81 53', after a total course of about 138 miles. 



134 BOX BOL 

BOKERDHTJN. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-east from 
Aurangabad forty-two miles. Lat. 20 18', long. 75 50'. 

BOKPYN CREEK. An inlet of the sea on the coast of Mergui 
district, British Burma. Its mouth is in lat. 11 17', long. 98 50'. 

BOKRAW All. Tillage in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the cantonment of Aligarh to that of Delhi, and five miles north- 
west of the former. Lat. 27 56', long. 78 5'. 

BOKTJR. Town in Haidarabad State; distant east from ISTandair 
twenty-three miles. Lat. 19 12', long. 77 43'. 

BOLA (MACANDREWGANJ). Town in Partabgarh district, ff.W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 5851. 

BOLACOLE. Town in Pabna district, Bengal ; on the right bank of the 
river Konai, thirty-six miles east of Pabna. Lat. 24 6', long. 89 45'. 

BOLAN PASS. Pass in Baluchistan, leading from the lowlands of 
Kachchhi to the highlands of Sarawan ; on the great route from India, 
vid Shikarpur and Daclar to Kandahar, Ghazni and Central Asia generally. 
Its commencement on the eastern side is about five miles west of Dadar, 
and in lat. 29 30', long. 67 35' ; the elevation of the entrance being 
about 800 feet above the level of the sea, and that of its outlet at the 
western extremity, about 8500 feet. There is no descent on the western 
side, as the route opens on the Dasht-i-Bidaulat, a plain as high as the 
top of the pass. The total length is sixty miles, the average ascent being 
ninety feet in the mile. The eminences bounding the pass have in 
general no great height above it, in most places not exceeding 500 feet ; 
but at Bibi-jSTani, twenty-six miles from the entrance, they are very 
lofty. The Bolan Pass is very important in a military point of view, 
as forming the great communication between Sind and Khorasan. The 
western extremity and highest point of the Bolan Pass is in lat. 29 56', 
long. 67 6'. 

BOLAPILLI. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras ; eighty miles 
north of Cuddapah, sixty-one east of Karnul. Lat. 15 40', long. 79. 

BOLARUM (BOLARAM). Cantonment in Haidarabad State ; eleven 
miles north of Haidarabad, and six miles north of Secunderabad ; 
occupied by troops of the Haidarabad Contingent. It is situate on an 
elevated ground of granitic formation, six or eight miles in circumference, 
and having on its summit an open plain extending to the east of the 
cantonment. Elevation above the sea, 1890 feet. Lat. 17 32', long. 
78 34'. 

BOLA VI. Town in North Kanara district, Bombay, on the left bank 
of the Kali Nadi, forty-one miles north of Honawar. Lat. 14 53', long. 
74 22'. 

BOLEPOR,RA. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal ; on the left bank of 
the Mnhanadi river, fifty miles east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 24', long. 86 40'. 

BOLIMA. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; distant north from 
Jhelum forty-one miles. Lat. 33 37', long. 73 38'. 

BOLL GHTTR. Town in Puri district, Bengal; forty-four miles south- 
west from Cuttack, forty-five miles north-west of Jagannath or Puri. 
Lat. 20 10', long. 85 20'. 

BOLONGO (BORONGO ISLAND). The most westerly of a group 
known by the name of the Biokon Islands, lying at the entrance of the 
Arakan River, British Burma ; its centre is about lat. 20, long. 93. 



BOL BOtf 135 

BOLPITR. Village in Birbhum district, Bengal, and a station on the 
East Indian Bail way. Also thana. Area, 257 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
107,893. 

BOLTJNDRA. State in the Mahi Kantha Agency. Pop. (1881), 
873. The Chief pays a yearly tribute of 14 to the Maharaja, of Edur. 

BOMA. Tillage in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
638. 

BOMANAHILLI. Tillage in Bellary district, Madras, containing 
large irrigation works. 

BOMBADL See BHUMAWADI'. 

BOMBAY. One of the three Presidencies of India, containing twenty- 
four districts and nineteen states and agencies. It lies between lat. 28 
47'_13 53', and long. 66 43' 76 30'. Area, 196,572 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 23,395,663. It is bounded on the north by Baluchistan 
State, Punjab, and Eajputana States ; on the east by Indore State, the 
Central Provinces, "West Berar, and Haidarabad ; on the south by Madras 
Presidency and Mysore State ; on the west by the Arabian Sea ; and on 
the north-west by Baluchistan. The area of the British districts is 
124,134 sq. miles, and the pop. (1881), 16,489,414. 

BOMBAY. Capital city of the Bombay Presidency. Lat. 18 55' 5", 
long. 75 53' 55". Pop. (1881), 773,196. 

BOMBEDEM. Tillage in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 89. 

BOMBRA. See BAHRA. 

BOMIGUTEH. Town in Dharwar district, Bombay; twenty -four 
miles south of Dharwar. Lat. 15 6'. long. 75 3'. 

BOMINL Tillage in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Rewah, and thirty-four miles south-east of the former 
city. Lat. 25 9', long. 82 15'. 

BOMORI. Town in Orchha State, Bundelkhand, Central India 
Agency; on the route from Agra to Saugor, 180 miles south-east of 
former, ninety-three north-west of the latter. Lat. 25 8', long. 79 10'. 

BOMRAJ "(BOMRAZ). State in Nellore district, Madras. 

BOMUNPILLL Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-east from 
Haidarabad 150 miles. Lat. 18 20', long. 80 34'. 

BONAL State of Chutia Mgpur, Bengal; between lat. 21 35' 30" 
22 7' 45", long. 84 31' 5" 85 25'. Area, 1349 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 24,030. It is bounded on the north by Singbhum district and 
Gangpur State ; on the south and west by Bamra State, Central 
Provinces ; and on the east by Keunjhar State, Orissa. The chief town 
is Bonai Garh. The chief river is the Brahrnani. The chief mountains 
are the Bonai Hills. 

BONAI GARH. Chief town (on the Brahmani river) in Bonai State, 
Chutia Mgpur, Bengal. Lat. 21 49' 8", long. 85 0' 20". 

BONAI HILLS. Hills in Bonai State, Chutia Nagpur, Bengal. 
About 2000 to 3000 feet high. 

BONAITI DEBL Mountain in Si'rmur State, Punjab ; a summit of 
the ridge extending from Bus Peak to Nahan. Elevation above the sea, 
5120 feet. Lat. 30 38', long. 77 19'. 

BONDA. Thana in Jhansi district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 6145. 

BOND ADA. State in Godavari district, Madras. 



136 B01S BOB 

BONDSDORA. River of Karond State, Central Provinces ; rising in 
lat. 19 39', long. 83 27', and discharging itself into the Bay of Bengal 
in lat. 18 21', long. 84 12'. 

BONGONG. Subdivision in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 649 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 362,126. Also thana. Area, 113 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881X 59,668. 

BONGONG. Thana in Bhagalpur district, Bengal. Area, 263 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 148,560. 

BONHAT. Town in Birbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 24 10', long. 
87 47'. 

BONIE. See BoNii. 

BONIKAT. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; distant north from 
Srinagar twenty-nine miles. Lat. 34 28', long. 74 51'. 

BONBA. Swamp in Bogra district, Bengal. 

BONTA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 353. 

BOONDEE. See BUNDI. 

BOORAHBULLTING. See BURIBALANG. 

BOORHAUNPOOR. See BURHANPUR. 

BOPALPIITNAM. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces; 
distant south-east from Nagpur 180 miles. Lat. 18 51', long. 80 30'. 

BOPLI. Town in Seom district, Central Provinces ; eighteen miles 
south-east from Seom', sixty-three miles north-east of Nagpur. Lat. 21 
50', long. 79 51'. 

BOB, GHAT. Pass across the Western Ghats, between Bombay and 
Poona. Lat. 18 46' 45", long. 73 23' 30". The railway, which passes 
up this pass, reaches a height of 1798 feet above the level of the sea. 

BORA SAMBA (BORASAMBAR, or BORASAMSAR). State in 
Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. Its central point is in lat. 20 
55', long. 83 10'. Its form is angular and very regular, being nearly 
oblong. Its area is 841 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 65,837. 

BORAGARL Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 26 0' 15", 
long. 89 3' 15". 

BORAL See BORI. 

BORAI River of Khandesh district, Bombay ; rising in lat. 21 8', 
long. 74 3', falls into the Tapti river on its southern or left bank, in lat. 
21 20', long. 74 51'. 

BORAM. Village in Manbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 23 22', long. 
86 10'. Famous for its Jain ruins. 

BORARA. Town in Kishangarh State, Rajputana ; distant south- 
east from Ajmere thirty miles. Lat. 26 16', long. 75 10'. 

BORDEM. Parish in Bicholim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 803. 

BORE (BHORE). See BHOU. 

BOREGAUM. town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; distant 
south-west from Nagpur sixty miles. Lat. 20 40', long. 78 24'. 

BOREGAUM. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; distant 
north-east from- Burhanpur twenty-one miles. Lat. 21 35', long. 76 30'. 

BORENAR. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay ; on the right bank 
of the Girna river, forty-two miles east of Dhulia. Lat. 20 50' long. 
75 25'. 



BOR BOW 137 

BORHANA. Thana in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
44,227. 

BORI. Town on the left bank of the "Wana, in Nagpur district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 20 54' 45", long! 79 2' 45". Pop. (1881), 2849. 

BORI. River of Khandesh district, Bombay; rising in lat. 20 47', 
long. 74 18', and flowing first east for fifty miles, and then north for 
forty more, falls into the Tapti, in lat. 21 14', long. 75 4'. 

BORI (BORAI). State in Malwa, Central India Agency. The 
town of Borai is in lat. 22 30', long. 74 44'. 

BORI. Town in Tanna district, Bombay ; on the route from Bombay 
to Daman, seventy-nine miles north of the former. Lat. 20 6', long. 
72 46'. 

BORI GTJNDUK. See BUEI GANDAK. 

BORIA. Port in Ratnagiri district, Bombay. Lat. 17 24', long. 
73 13' 15". 

BORIM. Village in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
2609. 

BORKHERI. Town in Jaora State, Central India Agency ; distant 
north-east from Jaora thirty miles. Lat. 23 50', long. 75 29'. 

BORSAD. Town (in subdivision of the same name) in Kaira district, 
Bombay. Lat. 22 24' 30", long. 72 56' 30". Pop. (1881), 12,228. 
Area of subdivision, 238 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 143,321. 

BOSOMPOI-MAH. Town in the Naga Hills, Assam ; situated fifty- 
four miles north-west of Manipur, and seventy-nine miles south-east of 
Naogaon. Lat. 25 29', long. 93 32'. 

BOTAD. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay. Lat. 22 10', long. 71 42' 
30". Pop. (1881), 7755. 

BOTA WAD. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 
5282. 

BOTEH. Town in Poona district, Bombay ; on the right bank of the 
Mula river, eighteen miles east of Junnar. Lat. 19 16', long. 74 10'. 

BOUME KEUNE. Town in Bassein district, British Burma ; on the 
route from Cape Negrais to Sandoway, sixty miles north-east of the 
former. Lat. 16 52 ; , long. 94 30'. 

BOITNLI. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; distant south-east from 
Jaipur fifty miles. Lat. 26 20', long. 76 21'. 

BOUTI (BOULI). Village in Rewah State, Central India Agency ; 
near the route from Mirzapur to the town of Rewah, and fifty-eight 
miles south-west of the former. It is remarkable for a very picturesque 
cascade. Elevation above the sea, 1000 feet. Lat. 24 41', long. 81 59'. 

BOVANIKUDAL (BHAWANI). See BHAVINI. 

BOVODEM. Village in Canacona district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 171. 

BOW BAZAR. Thana in Calcutta. Area, 144 acres. Pop. 21,627. 

BOW AH (BAUHA). Town in Fatehpur district, NYW.P. ; on the 
route from Bandu to the town of Fatehpur, and fifteen miles south-west 
of the latter. Lat. 25 52', long. 80 40'. 

BOWAL. Town in Dacca district, Bengal ; on the route from Dacca 
to Jamalpur, eighteen miles north of the former. Lat. 23 57', long. 
90 30'. 

BOW ANA. See BUKANA. 



138 BOW BRA 

BOWANI (BHAWANI). Town on the Chenab in Jhang district; 
eighty miles west of Lahore. Lat. 31 37', long. 72 50'. 

BOWANIGANJ. See BHAWANIGANJ. 

BOWARA. Town on the Balaon in Darbhangah district, Bengal; 
eighteen miles north-east of Darbhangah. Lat. 26 17', long. 86 10'. 

BOWERGARH. See BAUKGARH. 

BOWLI. See BILOHI. 

BOWNI. See BAONI. 

BOWPHIIT. Town in Bakarganj district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the Ganges, twenty miles south-east of Bakarganj. Lat. 22 23', 
long. 90 38'. 

BOWRA. See BHATJDA. 

BOWRI (BHUORI). Village in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Karnul to Meerut, and thirty miles south-west of the 
former. Lat. 29 24', long. 77 26'. 

BOWRING-PET. Tillage, municipality, and railway station in Kolar 
district, Mysore. Lat. 12 59', long. 78 15'. Pop. (1871), 1227. 

BOWUR. Tract in Garhwal State, KW.P. ; its centre is about lat. 
30 55', long. 78 10'. 

BOYARAM. Town in Ganjam district, Madras. Pop. (1881), 3339. 

BRAHMAGIRL Port of the Western Ghats, in Malabar district, 
Madras. About 4500 feet high. Lat. 11 56', long. 76 2'. 

BRAHMANABAD. City in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. 
It is now in ruins. 

BRAHMANAKRAKA. Village in JS T ellore district, Madras. Pop. 
(1871), 2084. 

BRAHMANBARIA. Subdivision in Tipperah district, Bengal ; 
between lat. 23 35' 45" 24 16' 30", and long. 90 45' 45" 91 22' 15". 
Area, 769 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 531,417. Also thana. Area, 379 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 241,294. 

BRAHMANBARIA. Town and municipality (in subdivision of the 
same name) in Tipperah district, Bengal ; situated on the north bank of 
the Titas river. Lat. 23 58', long. 91 9'. Pop. (1881), 17,438. 

BRAHMANI. Eiver of Gangpur and Bonai States, Chutia Nagpur, 
Talcher and Dhenkanal States, Orissa, and Cuttack district, and falls into 
the Bay of Bengal, in lat. 20 40' 45", long. 86 58' 30". 

BRAHMAPURI. Subdivision in Chanda district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 3321 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 257,205. 

BRAHMAPURI. Town (in tahsfl of the same name) in Central 
Provinces. Pop. (1881), 4818. 

BRAHMAPUTRA. One of the principal rivers of India, rising in 
Thibet. Total length about 1800 miles, draining about 361,200 
square miles. In Assam it is called locally the Haraniya. It is formed 
by the junction of the Brahmaputra proper, the Dibang and the Dihang. 
The Dihang is called also the Sangpu or Sanpu, and is the remotest feeder, 
as it rises in Thibet not far from the sources of the Indus and the Sutlej. 
The Brahmaputra leaves Assam near Dhubri, where it turns south until 
it joins the Padma (the chief channel of the Ganges) near Goalanda. 

BRAHMAPUTRA VALLEY. Division in Assam. Area, 28,139 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 4,507,619. 

BRAHMINL See BBAIIMANI. 



BEE BUG 139 

BREMAHDASTJM. Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras ; seventeen 
miles west from Tinnevelli, forty -nine miles east of Anjengo. Lat. 8 45', 
long. 77 30'. 

BRINDABAN. Town and municipality on the right bank of the 
Jumna, in Muttra district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 23' 20", long. 77 44' 10". 
Pop. (1881), 21,467. Brindaban is one of the holy cities of the Hindus, 
and possesses numerous shrines and tanks of great sanctity. 

BRINDABAN. Thana in Muttra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 55,799. 

BRITEATJRL See BHUTETJEA. 

BROACH. A district in Bombay, between lat. 21 26' 22 17', and 
long. 72 32' 73 1 1'. Area, 1453 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 326,930. 
The chief rivers are the Narbada, Dhadhar, Mahi, and Kim. The chief 
towns are Broach, Jambusar, and Ankles war. The administration is con- 
ducted by a Collector and three Assistants. 

BROACH. Town in Broach district, Bombay. Lat. 21 43' 20", 
long. 73 2'. Pop. (1881), 37,281. One of the most ancient and famous 
ports of India ; near the mouth of the Narbada, on its right bank. 

BROACH. Subdivision (in district of same name) in Bombay. Pop. 
(1881), 73,280. 

BROANG. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab; on the left bank of the 
Buspa, two miles from its confluence with the Sutlej. It gives its name 
to the Broang, or Barenda Pass, distant about eight miles south. Broang 
is 7411 feet above the sea. Lat. 31 28', long. 78 14'. 

BROKEN POINT. Prominent headland on the coast of Aral* an 
district, British Burma ; ninety miles north-east of Cape Negrais. Lat. 
17 19', long. 94 35'. 

BRUMMAWARA. Town in South Kanara district, Madras ; on the 
route from Mangalore to Bednur, forty miles north of the former. Lat. 
13 26', long. 74 49'. 

BTJBAK. Town and municipality in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. 
Lat. 26 26' 30", long. 67 45' 15". Pop. (1872), 5703. 

BUBERU. Town in Banda district, N.W.P. ; twenty-four miles east 
of Banda, seventy-two miles west of Allahabad. Lat. 25 33', long. 80 47'. 

BUBRI. Town in Lucknow district, Oudh ; distant north-east from 
Lucknow eleven miles. Lat. 27, long. 81 8'. 

BTJBUR A. Village in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank 
of the Ganges, nine miles north-west of the city of Mirzapur, or higher 
up the stream. Lat. 25 12', long. 82 26'. 

BUCHAIKL Town on the Ravi, in Jhang district, Punjab ; forty-five 
miles south-west of the town of Lahore. Lat. 31 18', long. 73 30'. 

BTJCHAURA. Village in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from the cantonment of Ali'garh to that of Fatehgarh, and thirty- 
five miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 27 30', long. 79 11'. 

BUCHKAL. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab. Elevation above the 
sea, 1 1,800 feet. Lat. 31 21', long. 77 59'. 

BUCHRAON. Town in Lucknow district, Oudh ; twenty-eight miles 
south-east of Lucknow, eighty-five north-west of Allahabad. Lat. 26 
28', long. 81 7'. 

BUCKEA (BAKYA). River of Nepal State and Darbhangah and 
Muzaffarpur districts, Bengal ; falls into the Baghmati river in lat. 26, 
long. 85 56'. 



HO BTJC BUD 

BUCKRANL See BAXBANI. 

BUD-BUD. Village (in subdivision of the same name) in Bardwan 
district, Bengal. Lat. 23 24' 30", long. 87 34' 45". Area of sub- 
division, 532 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 286,131. Also thana. Area, 161 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 79,073. 

BUD AG AON. Town in Balaghat district, Central Provinces ; distant 
north-east from Nagpur ninety miles. Lat. 21 52', long. 80 20'. 

BUDAIGARRI. Town in Mysore State; distant north-east from 
Seringapatam eighty-six miles. Lat. 13 9', long. 77 49'. 

BUDAIHAL. Town in Mysore State ; distant north from Seringa- 
patam eighty-two miles. Lat. 13 36', long. 76 29'. 

BUDAUN (BUDAON). District in the N.W.P. ; between lat. 27 
39' 28 28' 30", and long. 78 19' 15" 79 33' 15". Area, 2001 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 906,451. It is bounded on the north-east by Bareilly 
and Kampur State, on the north-west by Moradabad, on the south-west 
by the Ganges, and on the east by Shahjahanpur. The chief towns are 
Budaun and Sahaswan. The chief rivers are the Ganges, Sot, and 
llamganga. The administration is entrusted to a Collector-Magistrate, 
one Joint, one Assistant, and one Deputy Magistrate. The Oudh and 
Kohilkhand Railway passes through the district. 

BUDAUN. Town and municipality on the banks of the Sot, in 
Budaun district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 2' 30", long. 79 9' 45". Pop. (1881), 
33,680. 

BUDAUN. Tahsil in district of same name, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
222,312. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 135,576. And thana. Pop. 
(1881), 222,312. 

BUDAWUL (BURAWUL). A tract in Khandesh district, Bombay; 
distant east from Dhulia sixty-five miles. Lat. 21 3', long. 75 43'. 

BUDDAPUDL Town in Nellore district, Madras ; five miles east of 
the route from Nellore to Gantur, forty-eight miles north of the former. 
Lat. 15 9', long. 80. 

BUDDAUM PUHAR. Town in Morbhanj State, Orissa, Bengal; 
distant south-west from Midnapur seventy-six miles. Lat. 22 5', long. 
86 14'. 

BUDDH GAYA. Village in Gaya district, Bengal. Lat. 24 41' 45", 
long. 85 2' 4". Contains some of the most interesting ruins in India. 

BUDDHAIN. Hill in Gaya district, Bengal. Lat. 25, long. 85 31'. 

BUDDRL Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 1134. 

BUDDUNPUR. Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the cantonment of Meerut to that of Muttra, and twenty-five miles 
north of the latter. Lat. 27 47', long. 77 51'. 

BUDDUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-east from 
Ellichpur fifty-three miles. Lat. 21 30', long. 78 19'. 

BUDGE- BUDGE. See BAJ-BAJ. 

BUDGOWARRA. Town in Seoni district, Central Provinces ; on the 
left bank of the Wainganga river, thirty-one miles north-east of Seoni. 
Lat. 22 9', long. 80 9'. 

BUDHABAND. Thana in Basti district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 46,786. 

BUDHAN DHURA. Mountain in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; in 
the Sub-Himalaya, and forming part of the Ghagar range. Elevation 
above the sea, 8502 feet. Lat. 29 28', long. 79 24'. 



BTJD 141 

BTTDHANA. Town (in tahsi'l of the same name) in Muzaffarnagar 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 16' 50", long. 77 31' 10". Pop. (1881), 
6232. Area of tahsfl, 286 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 169,650. Also 
pargana. Pop. (1881), 44,227. 

BTTDHAORA. Village in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from the town of Bikaner to that of Jaisalmir, and 100 miles north-east 
of the latter. Lat. 27 20', long. 72 22'. 

BUDHAPAR. Pargana in Gonda district, Oiidh. Pop. (1881), 
31,196. 

BTJDHATA. Village in the Twenty-fonr Parganas district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 37', long. 89 12'. Contains some Hindu temples. Fairs are 
held thrice in the yea*. 

BUDHPTTR. Village on the Kasai river, in Manbhum district, Bengal. 
Lat, 22 58' 15", long. 86 44'. 

BUDL See BULL 

BTIDIAR. River of Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; a considerable feeder 
of the Jumna, rises on the south-eastern declivity of Kedar Kanta, in lat. 
31, long. 78 17', and, after a course of about eighteen miles, falls into 
the Jumna on the right side, in lat. 30 49', long. 78 19', at an elevation 
of 4000 feet above the sea. The Budiar, at the confluence, is as wide as 
the Jumna, but not so deep. 

BTJDIHAL. Village (in taluk of the same name) in Chitaldrug district, 
Mysore. Lat. 13 37', long. 76 28'. Pop. (1871), 1137. Area of 
taluk, 348 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 37,337. 

BUDIKOT. Village in Kolar district, Mysore. Lat. 12 54' 40", 
long. 78 9' 50". Pop. (1871), 1370. Celebrated as the birthplace of 
Haidar 'All, sovereign of Mysore. 

BTJDINA. See BADI^ or BADINO. 

BTIDLAPUR. Town in Tanna district, Bombay ; on the route from 
Tanna to Poona, twenty miles east of the former. Lat. 19 10', long. 
73 21'. 

BITDLAPTTR. Town in Jaunpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Jaunpur cantonment to that of Sultanpur in Oudh, seventeen miles north- 
west of the former, thirty-seven south-east of the latter. Lat. 25 52', 
long. 82 32'. 

BUDLEGTISSI. Town in Bogra district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Dinajpur to Pabna, thirty miles north-west of Bogra. Lat. 24 59', long. 
88 55'. 

BTJDNAWTIR. Town in Dhar State, Central India Agency. Distant 
north-west from Mhow forty-six miles, south-west from TJjjain thirty-six. 
Lat. 23 3', long. 75 18'. 

BUD OERCTJT. Town in Ganjam district, Madras; on the southern 
shore of the Chilka Lake, fourteen miles north-east of Ganjam. Lat. 
19 31', long. 85 18'. 

BUDOKHUR (BEROKHERA). Village in Banda district, N.W.P.; 
on the route from the town of Banda to Rewah, seven miles south of the 
former. Lat. 25 21', long. 80 26'. 

BITDOUNGr. Revenue Circle in Akyab district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 973. 

BUDRA (BHADRA) River of Mysore State; rising about lat. 
13 15', long. 75 14'. Its course is at first easterly, in which direction 



142 BUD BUG 

it flows for about thirty miles, thence northerly for forty-three more, 
and subsequently north-easterly for thirty-eight miles, when it unites 
with the Tunga, in lat. 14, long. 75 43'; the total course being 111 
miles. Prom the confluence the united stream bears the name of 
Tunga Bhadra. 

BUDRAWAR. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; on the southern 
slope of the Himalaya. Lat. 33 3', long. 75 45'. 

BUDROL (BUDRA). Peak in Bashahr State, Punjab. Elevation 
above the sea, 8762 feet. Lat. 31 8', long. 77 45'. 

BTJDUHREYI (BURURAI). Village in Mainpuri district, 1ST.W.P. ; 
on the route from the city of Agra to Mainpuri, and thirty miles west of 
the latter. Lat. 27 7', long. 78 40'. 

BUDUREA. Town in Budaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Budaun to Aligarh, twenty-six miles south-west of the former. Lat. 27 
54', long. 78 50'. 

BTJDVAIL. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras ; on the route from 
Cuddapah to Ongole, twenty-four miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
14 44', long. 79 8'. 

BUFFALO MOUNTAINS. Mountains of Amherst district, British 
Burma; attaining a height of 1543 feet. They are about seventy miles 
from Maulmain. 

BUFFALO ROCKS. Bocks near Cape Negrais. Lat. about 16 20' 
30", long. 94 12'. 

BUGCHUR. See BUGLTDYAK. 

BUGDAUDL Village in Cawnpore district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from the cantonment of Cawnpore to that of Fatehgarh, and eleven miles 
north-west of the former. Lat. 26 34', long. 80 16'. 

BUGGAUR. Branch of the Indus, in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. 
Its main course is generally westerly, extending about eighty miles from 
the place of divergence, in lat. 24 40', long. 68 1', to lat. 24 42', long. 
67 12'. 

BUGGEIWARA. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency; 
distant south-east from Bhopal sixty miles. Lat. 22 53', long. 78 15'. 

BUGGHU CHEK. Town in Gujranwala district, Punjab; situated 
on the route from Amritsar to Wazirabad, eight miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 32 23', long. 74 2'. 

BUGGRIA. Town in Talcher State, Bengal; distant north-west from 
Cuttack ninety miles. Lat. 21 3', long. 84 41'. 

BUGGUSRA. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay. Lat. 21 30', long. 
70 59'. 

BUGHA. Town in Lucknow district, Oudh ; distant north from 
Lucknow eighteen miles. Lat. 27 5', long. 80 56'. 

BUGHAT. See BAGHAT. 

BUGHRUH. Town in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Meerut to Rurki, thirty-two miles north of the former. Lat. 29 28', 
long. 77 40'. 

BUGODAH. Town in Ganjam district, Madras; ten miles south-east 
of Gumsar. Lat. 19 50', long. 84 51'. 

BUGOLOH. Village in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Delhi to Muttra, and thirty-six miles south of the former. Lat. 28 12', 
long. 77 22'. 



BUG BUH 143 

BTTGRA. Town in Sarguja State, Bengal; distant north from Sarguja, 
fifty-one miles. Lat. 23 50', long. 83 20'. 

BTTGRAL See BTGRAULI. 

BTJGRAU (BITGRU). Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; on the 
route from Agra to Ajmere, 174 miles south-west of the former, sixty-five 
north-east of the latter. Lat. 26 49', long. 75 38'. 

BUGRAYUH (BTJGGIHAR). Tillage in Aligarh district, KW.P.; 
on the route from the cantonment of Aligarh to that of Etawah, and 
twenty-four miles south of the former. Lat. 27 35', long. 78 15'. 

BUGRL See BAJAKAU. 

BUGUDYAR (BTJGD WAR). Camping-station in Kurnaun district, 
N.W.P. ; at a spar-bridge over the Bugdwar torrent, on the route from. 
Almora to South-eastern Thibet, 114 miles south-east of Alrnora. 
Elevation above the sea, 8028 feet. Lat. 30 13', long. 80 15'. 

BTJGTJR. Town in Jaipur State, Bajputana. Lat. 28 13', long. 
75 38'. 

BTJGWA. Town in Bijawar State, Central India Agency; distant 
south-west from Bijawar twenty-one miles. Lat. 24 32', long. 
79 12'. 

BUGWAH. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the Brahmaputra, on the route from Rangpur to Goalpara, thirty miles 
east of the former. Lat. 25 40', long. 89 44'. 

BTJGWARA. Town in Surat district, Bombay; on the route from 
Bombay to Surat, fifty miles south of the latter. Lat. 20 25', long. 
72 59'. 

BUGWATPUR. Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
by Rajapur ferry from Allahabad to Banda, and eleven miles west of the 
former. Lat. 25 24', long. 81 44'. 

BTJHADRA. Village in Jaisalmi'r State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Bikaner to Jaisalmi'r, and forty-five miles north-east of the latter. 
Lat. 27 6', long. 71 38'. 

BUHAUPUR (BHAUPUR). Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Allahabad to Etawah, and fifty-one miles south-east 
of the latter. Lat. 26 25', long. 79 36'. 

BUHIRL Village in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Moradabad to Almora, and seventeen miles north of the former. Lat. 29 
2', long. 78 56'. 

BUHIRL Village in Moradabad district, N.AV.P. Lat. 28 59', 
long. 78 51'. 

BTJHIRWA. Town in Benares district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Benares, fifty-nine miles east of the former, fifteen west of 
the latter. Lat. 25 16', long. 82 42'. 

BUHL APUR. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Moradabad, and twelve miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 28 4', long. 78 11'. 

BTJHNDERA. Village in Bhartpur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Agra to Bhartpur, thirty miles west of the former, nine south-east 
of the latter. Lat. 27 9', long. 77 37'. 

BUHORUNPTJR. Village in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Moradabad to Almora, and twenty-two miles north of the 
former. Lat. 29 6', long. 78 58'. 



144 BIJH BUL 

BUHRAECH. See BAB-RAICH. 

BTJHREABAD. Town in Ghazipur district, KW.P. twenty miles 
north-west of Ghazipur. Lat. 25 43', long. 83 15'. 

BUHITL. Town in Hissar district, Punjab. Lat. 28 38', long. 
75 35'. 

BUHITNAH. Village in Hissar district, Punjab. Lat. 29 33', long. 
75 42'. 

BTIHURIABAD. Tillage in Ghazipur dis ri t, N.W.P. Lat. 25 40', 
long. 82 20'. 

BTTIM-PAL. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 101. 

BUJAN. Village in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Almora to Kasipur, twelve miles south-west of the former. Lat. 29 30', 
long. 79 31'. 

BUJAN A.- See BIANA. 

BITJHERA. Town in Shahjahanpur district, KW.P. ; six miles west 
of the route from Shahjahanpur to Bareilly, twenty-four miles north-west 
of the former. Lat. 28 3', long. 79 37'. 

BTJJL See BHAJJI. 

BUJJAITNA. Town and State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Distance 
from Ahmedabad, west, fifty-five miL-s. Lat. 23 3', long. 71 43'. 

BTIJRTJNGARH. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 
on the route from Guna to Mhow, eleven miles south of the former. 
Lat. 24 34', long. 77 18'. 

BTIKAI WAR. Town in Etawah district, ff.W.P. ; on the route from 
Kalpi to Etawah, and fourteen miles south-east of the latter. Lat. 26 
40', long. 79 15'. 

BTJKAPATAM. Town on the Chitravati, in Bellary district, Madras ; 
ninety miles south-east of Bellary. I at. 14 12', long. 77 53'. 

BUKER AH. Village in Hardoi district, Ourlh; on the route from 
Lucknow to Shahjahanpur, thirty miles south of the latter. Lat. 27 27', 
long. 80 3'. 

BTJKHORI. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal; thirty miles north- 
west of Darbhangah, twenty-two miles north-east of Muzaffarpur. Lat. 
26 25', long. 85 37'. 

BUKKAPATNAM. Town in Bellary district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 
4339. 

BTTKKTIR. Island (with fortress) in the river Indus. Lat. 27 42' 
45", long. 68 56' 30". 

BTTKKUR. Town in the Punjab ; nineteen miles south-east of Dera 
Ismail Khan. Lat. 31 35', long. 71 1'. 

BUKLAHUR. Town in Nepal State ; distant west from Khatmandu 
forty-seven miles. Lat. 27 38', long. 84 31'. 

BTJKLANA. Village in Hissar district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 8', long. 
76 18'. 

BTIKOLI (BTITTILI). Fort in Bashahr State, Punjab. Elevation 
above the sea, 5607 feet. Lat. 31 13', long. 77 54'. 

BTIKRA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; four miles north of 
the route from Patna to Gorakhpur, twenty miles east of the latter. Lat. 
26 37', long. 83 43'. 

BUL-TUL (KANTAL). Pass in Kashmir State, Punjab; over the 



BTTL 145 

range of mountains inclosing that valley on the north-east. It forms the 
water- summit between Kashmir and Little Thibet, as from its northern 
declivity the Duras river flows northward to the Indus, and from its 
southern flows southward a feeder of the small river Sind, a tributary of 
the Jhelum. Its elevation above the level of the sea is 10,500 feet. It 
is also called the Shur-ji-La, generally pronounced Zoj-i-La ; and in old 
maps this summit tears the name Kantal, signifying "lofty hill." Lat. 
34 14', long. 75 33'. 

BTJLAHRA. Town and fort in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; distance 
south-west from Delhi 140 miles. Lat. 27 53', long. 75 15'. 

BULAMIN. Town in Bannu district, Punjab; situated on the route 
from Peshawar to Ghazni, 103 miles south-west of the former. Lat. 
33 14', long. 70 II 7 . 

BTJLANDSHAHR. A district in the N.W.P.; between lat. 28 3' 30" 
28 42' 45", and long. 77 20' 78 31' 45". Area, 1914 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 924,822. It is bounded on the north by Meerut; on the west by 
the Jumna ; on the south by Aligarh ; and on the east by the Ganges. 
The chief towns are Bulandshahr and Khurja. The chief rivers are the 
Ganges and Jumna. The district is administered by a Magistrate-Collector, 
and two Assistants, and a Deputy Collector. 

BTJLANDSHAHR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 24' 11", long. 77 54' 15". Pop. 
(1881), 17,863. Pop. of tahsil (1881), 262,901. Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 78,119. 

BULBTJDDTJRPTJR. Town in Puri district, Bengal; on the south- 
eastern shore of the Chilka lake, twenty-five miles south-west of Jagan- 
nath or Puri. Lat. 19 40', long. 85 32'. 

BTJLBTJDDTJRPTJR. Town in Puri district, Bengal; nineteen miles 
north-west from Jagannath or Puri, thirty-nine miles south-west of 
Cuttack. Lat. 19 59', long. 85 40'. 

BTILCHA. Pass in Thibet, traversed by the road from Almora to 
Thibet. Bulcha is distant 164 miles north of Almora. Lat. 30 38', 
long. 80 14'. 

BTJLCHERRY. See BALCHAKI. 

BTJLCHIA GHAT. Ferry in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; over the 
river Kali (eastern), forming a communication between the N.W.P. and 
Nepal. Lat. 29 21', long. 80 20'. 

BITLDANA. A district in Berar; between lat. 19 51' 21 1' 30", 
and long. 75 58' 45" 76 52' 45". It is bounded on the north by the 
Puma ; on the south by Haidarabad State ; on the east by Akola and 
Basim districts; on the west by Haidarabad State and Khandesh, Bombay. 
Area, 2804 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 439,763. The chief river is the 
Penganga. The chief towns are Deulgaon Raja and Pimpalgaon Raja. 
The Great Indian Peninsula Railway passes for twenty-nine miles 
through the district, which is administered by a Deputy Commissioner 
and Assistants. 

BTJLDEO MTJNDIT. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Muttra to Mainpuri, and twelve miles south-east of the former. 
Lat. 27 25', long. 77 54'. 

BULI (BTJDI). Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Lat. 30 6', 
long. 80 52'. 

10 



146 BTJL 

BULKUNREA. Town in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. ; forty-three 
miles north-east of Gorakhpur, thirty-nine miles south-west of Bettia. 
Lat. 26 57', long. 84 1'. 

BULLARI. Town in South Kanara district, Madras ; on the route 
from Mangalore to Mercara, forty miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
12 40', long. 75 27'. 

BTJLLIA. Town in Purniah district, Bengal; a mile from the left 
bank of the Gonkor river, twenty-three miles south-east of Purniah. 
Lat. 25 34', long. 87 52'. 

BULLIA. Town in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Budaun to Bareilly, twelve miles south of the latter. Lat. 28 13', 
long. 79 26'. 

BULLIAH. See BALLIA. 

BTJLLIAH. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal ; four miles east of 
the route from Hazaribagh to Midnapur, fifteen miles south of the former. 
Lat. 23 49', long. 85 20'. 

< BULLING!. Tillage in Sarguja State, Bengal ; distant south of the 
city of Mirzapur ninety miles, north-west of Calcutta by Hazaribagh 355. 
Lat. 23 53', long. 82 52'. 

BULLOAH. See NOAKH!LI. 

BTJLLOAH. Town in Bengal ; on the Hatia river, 160 miles east of 
Calcutta. Lat. 22 53', long. 90 56'. 

BULLUA. Village in Benares district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank of 
the Ganges, 653 miles north-west of Calcutta by water. Lat. 25 26', 
long. 83 10'. 

BULLTJRGI.Town in Haidarabad State ; distant west from Haidar- 
abad 143 miles. Lat. 17 19', long. 76 22'. 

BTJLODA. Town in Phuljhar State, Central Provinces ; distant west 
from Sambalpur seventy-one miles. Lat. 21 11', long. 82 56'. 

BULOGIKL Town in Goalpara district, Assam; twenty-six miles 
south-west of Goalpara, seventy-seven miles east of Rangpur. Lat. 
25 47', long. 90 29'. 

BULPHAL Town in Bhutan State ; distant north from Gauhati 
seventy-five miles. Lat. 27 10', long. 91 26'. 

BULRAMPUR. Town in Nepal State ; distant west from Khatmandu 
200 miles. Lat. 28 10', long. 82 9'. 

BULRAMPUR. See BALBAMPTJR. 

BULRAMPUR. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; on the right 
bank of the Kusf river, thirty miles north-west of Midnapur. Lat. 
22 40', long. 87 2'. 

BULRUMMAR. Town in Bamra State, Central Provinces; distant 
east from Sambalpur nineteen miles. Lat. 21 30', long. 84 19'. 

BULSAR. Subdivision in the Surat district, Bombay. Area, 208 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 80,707. 

BULSAR. Town (on the estuary of the small river of the same name, 
also called the Auranga) in Surat district, Bombay; distance from Bombay, 
north, 115 miles; Surat, south, forty. Lat. 20 36' 30", long. 72 
58' 40". Pop. (1881), 13,229. 

BULSUN. See BALSAN. 

BULTHAR. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; nineteen miles north of 
Bettia, eighty-one miles north-east of Gorakhpur. Lat. 27, long. 84 41'. 



BUL BUN 147 

BULTI (BALTISTAN). Northern portion of Kashmir State, 
Punjab ; called also Little Thibet, to distinguish it from Middle Thibet 
or Ladakh, and Great Thibet. Baltistan is bounded on the south by 
Kashmir proper, on the east by Ladakh, on the north by Thibet, and on 
the west by Gilgit, and other little-known regions. Between lat. 34 
36', and long. 75 77. Chief town, Iskardoh. 

BULUBGARH (BALLAMGARH). See BALLABGAKH. 

BUMIDAIRAH. Town in Bastar State, Central Provinces; distant 
north-west from Bastar forty-six miles. Lat. 19 33', long. 81 23'. 

BUMRAULL Town in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Sitapur, and thirty-six miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
28 12', long. 80. 

BUMTA.. Village in Keunthal State, Punjab. Lat. 31 1', long.7740'. 

BUMUNGA. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; two miles west 
of the right bank of the eastern Kali. Lat. 29 14', long. 80 18'. 

BUNAI (BHINAI). Fortress in Ajmere district, Rajputana, with 
a village at its base, on the route from Nasirabad to Bundi, twenty miles 
south of former, seventy north-west of latter. Its site is picturesque on 
the summit of an isolated steep craggy hill, covered with cactus. Lat. 
26 3', long. 74 50'. 

BUNAL. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; extending between 
seven and eight miles, in a direction nearly from north-west to south- 
east, between lat. 30 49' 31, and long. 78 9' 78 14'. The north- 
western end is closed by a rocky mountain, on the declivity of which 
rises the Bunal stream, that waters the valley and falls into the Jumna. 

BUNAS. See BAN!S. 

BUNAUL. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal ; twenty-two miles 
north-west of Darbhangah, twenty miles north-east of Muzaffarpur. Lat. 
26 21', long. 85 41'. 

BUNBASA. Town in Kheri district, Oudh; distant north from 
Lucknow 115 miles. Lat. 28 30', long. 81 7'. 

BUNCHANEGAON. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the left 
bank of the Budiar, a feeder of the Jumna. Elevation above the sea, 
6034 feet. Lat. 30 52', long. 78 19'. 

BUNCHARL Village in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Hansi to Muttra, and thirty-four miles north-west of the latter. 
Lat, 27 56', long. 77 25'. 

BUNCHULA FORT. Town on the left bank of the Gaumati river, in 
Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; seventeen miles north of Almora. Lat. 29 
50' long. 79 50'. 

BUND. Town in Jind State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 3884. 

BUNDA. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south-east from Kaladgi 
seventy-five miles. Lat. 15 20', long. 76 12'. 

BUNDALA. Town in Amritsar district, Punjab. Lat. 31 32', long. 
75 1' 30". Pop. (1881), 5101. 

BUNDARA. See BHANDARA. 

BUND ARE. Village in Vizagapatam district, Madras, formerly noted 
for the human sacrifices carried on within its precincts. 

BUNDARI. Town in Parla Kimedi estate, Ganjam district, Madras. 
Lat. 19 39', long. 83 59'. 

BUNDELKHAND. A tract of country lying between lat. 23 52' 



148 

26 26', and long. 77 53' 81 39', and comprising the Hamirpnr, 
Jalaun, Jhansi, Lalitpur, and Banda districts, and the States of Orchha 
(or Tehri), Datia, Samthar, Ajaigarh, Alipura ; the Hashtbhaya Jagi'rs 
(viz. Dhurwai, Bijna Tori Fatehpur, and Pahari Banka), Baraunda, Baoni, 
Beri, Bihat, Bijawar, Charkhari, the Kalinjar Chowbeys (viz. Paldeo 
Pahra, Taraon, Bhaisaunda, and Kamta Rajaula), Chhattarpur, Garrauli, 
Gaurihar, Jaso, Jigni, Khaniadhana Lughasi, Naigawan Ribai, Panna, 
and Sarfla. Area, 10,241 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,403,086. Bundel- 
khand, which is within the administration of the Central India Agency, 
is bounded by the Jumna on the north and north-east, by the Chambal on 
the north-west, by the Central Provinces on the south, and by Eewah 
State or Baghelkhand on the east. The plains of Bundelkhand are 
diversified by mountains, which have been classed into three ranges, 
the Bindachal, the Panna, and the Bandair. From these numerous 
streams flow towards the Jumna, among which may be enumerated the 
Sindh and its tributary the Pahuj, the Betwa, the Dhasan, the Birma, 
the Ken, the Bagain, the Paisuni, and the Tons. 

BUNDI. State of Rajputana ; between lat. 24 58' 25 55', and 
long. 75 23' 76 30'. Area, 2300 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 254,701. 
The Chief, who has a salute of 17 guns, and pays a tribute of 12,000 
per annum to the British Government, has a force of 700 horse, 1375 
infantry, 18 field and 70 other guns. 

BUNDL Town in Bundi State, Rajputana. Lat. 25 27', long. 75 
40' 37". Pop (1881), 20,744. 

BUNDI ATM AKUR. Town in Karnul district, Madras ; three miles 
east of the route from Cuddapah to Karnul, thirty-five miles south-east of 
the latter. Lat. 15 35', long. 78 34'. 

BTJNDI KA GOTRA. A town in the Rajput State of Bundi ; distant 
north from Bundi fifteen miles. Lat. 25 40', long. 75 46'. 

BUNDIPTIR (BTTNDURPUR). Tillage in Kashmir State, Punjab. 
Close to it two considerable streams flow into the Wulur Lake from 
the north. The water of the lake formerly reached to the village, but 
at present is far distant, in consequence of its outlet, the river Jhelum, 
continually deepening its bed. Bundipur is in lat. 34 25', long. 
74 49'. 

BUNDOI (BUNDUBI). Tillage in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; 
on the route from Allahabad to Banda, and twenty-seven miles west 
of the former. Lat. 25 26', long. 81 28'. 

BUND WA. Tillage in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; near the left bank 
of the Jumna, on the route from Banda to the town of Fatehpur, and 
twenty miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 25 50', long. 80 38'. 

BTJNEHUR. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; distant 
east from Bhopal twenty-eight miles. Lat. 23 10', long. 77 50'. 

BUNG ALA BUL. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; distant north 
from Srmagar forty-two miles. Lat. 34 41', long. 74 59'. 

BUNGANAPILLI. See BANAGANAPALLI. 

BUNGBO. River of Sikkim State, Bengal ; rising about lat. 27 21', 
long. 88 51', and flowing south-west for twenty-one miles, separating 
the territory of Bhutan from that of Sikkim, falls into the Tista near the 
town of Burmiok, in lat. 27 10', long. 88 36'. 

BUNGIT. See RANJ!T. 



BTJ?s T BUR 149 

BUNGONG. Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Lohardaga to TJdaipur, fifty-one miles south-west of the former. Lat. 
23 3', long. 84 3'. 

BUNGUL. A town in Haidarabad State ; distant south-west from 
Haidarabad thirty-one miles. Lat. 16 59', long. 78 17'. 

BUNHAR. River in Jhelum district, Punjab, falling into the Jhelum. 

BUNIHAR. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; distant west from 
Srinagur thirty -nine miles. Lat. 34 7', long. 74 22'. 

BUNIPARA. Town in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Harm'rpur to Mainpuri, and seventy miles south-east of the latter. 
Lat. 26 32', long. 80 57'. 

BUNIRI, in Northern Afghanistan, is the tract lying north-west of 
the Indus, and north of the Kabul river, and bearing the general name of 
the Yusufzai country. It is inclosed by the Indus on the south-east, the 
Hindu Kush on the north ; on other sides by mountains separating it from 
Swat on the west, and on the south from the country held by the Khuttuk 
and Yusufzai tribes, on the lower course of the Kabul river. Buniri lies 
between lat. 34 34 40', 72 73. 

BUNKAULL Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the declivity of 
a mountain near the right bank of the Jumna, and 3000 feet above the 
bed of the river. Lat. 30 45', long. 78 8'. 

BUNNI. Village in Sirsa district, Punjab ; on the route from Hansi 
to Bhatnair, and twenty-three miles east of the latter. Lat. 29 31', 
long. 74 38'. 

BUNNI. See CTJTCH. 

BTJNNI CHATJKL Village in Keunthal State, Punjab; halting- 
place, with a wooden house for the accommodation of travellers, 
on the route from Simla to Kotgarh, and eleven miles east of the 
former post. Elevation above the sea, 8107 feet. Lat. 31 5', long. 
77 22'. 

BTJNNTT. See BANNTJ. 

BUNSHIARI Town in Dinajpur district, Bengal; two miles from 
the west bank of the river Tangan, twenty-two miles south-west of 
Dinajpur. Lat. 25 21', long 88 21'. 

BUNSI RIVER. River of Maimansinh and Dacca districts, Bengal ; 
offset of the Brahmaputra, diverging from that river about lat. 24 52', 
long. 89 53'. 

BUNTWALLA. Town in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 
12 53', long. 75 6'. 

BUNUT. Town in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Panipat to Saharanpur, twenty-five miles east of the former. Lat. 
29 28', long. 77 27'. 

BUNYAWALA. See BAMATTWALA. 

BITO. Town in Patna district, Bengal ; nineteen miles south of Behar, 
thirty-eight miles north-east of Gaya. Lat. 24 56', long. 85 36'. 

BURA DHARLA. A tributary of the Dharla river, in Rangpur 
district, Bengal. 

BURA MANTRESWAR. Part of the Hugh' river, Bengal. 
BURA PUHARA. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; 
on the route by Jhansi, from Kalpi to Guna, 158 miles south-west of 
former, thirty-five north-east of latter. Lat. 25 4', long. 77 54'. 



150 BUR 

BURA TISTA. The old course of the Tista river, Bengal. 

BURABALANG. River of Morbhanj State and Balasor district, 
Orissa ; flowing into the sea in lat. 21 28' 15", and long. 87 6'. 

BURADIL. A station on the route from Chittagong to Akyab. It is 
situate near the shore, and about twenty miles north of Tek Kaaf. Lat. 
21 2', long. 92 85'. 

BURAECH. See BAHRAICH. 

BURAGAON. Village in Jaunpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Azamgarh to Sultanpur, thirty-six miles west of the former, forty- 
two south-east of the latter. Lat. 26 I', long. 82 42'. 

BURAGAON. Town in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 3', 
long. 80 8'. 

BTIRAGAON. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Fatehgarh to Meerut, and eighty-six miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 27 53', long. 78 30'. 

BURAGAUM. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 
distant north-east from Ujjain fifty-two miles. Lat. 23 45', long. 
70 20'. 

BUR AGONG. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. ; on the right of 
the route from Ghazipur to Chapra, thirty-four miles east of the former, 
forty-eight west of the latter! It is situate on the right bank of the 
Tons (north-eastern), here called the Sarju, and traversed by means of 
ferry during the rains, and ford at other seasons. Lat. 25 46', long. 
84 3'. 

BURAGONG. Town in Orchha State, Central India Agency ; 
distant south-east from Tehri sixteen miles. Lat. 24 35', long. 
79 6'. 

BURAH. Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Agra to the cantonment of Mainpuri, and thirty-four miles 
west of the latter. Lat. 27 7', long. 78 36'. 

BURAHA. Town in Kai Bareli district, Oudh ; distant south from 
Lucknow fifty-six miles. Lat. 26 3', long. 81 10'. 

BURAI. Town in Jaipur State, Kajputana. Lat. 27 51', long. 
75 51'. 

BURAI. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; five miles east of the 
trunk road from Midnapur to Cuttack, forty miles south of the former. 
Lat. 21 50', long. 87 24'. 

BURAINI. Town on the right bank of the Ganges, in Ghazipur 
district, N.W.P. ; 620 miles north-west of Calcutta by water. Lat. 
25 25', long. 83 30'. 

BURAL. Village in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 15', 
long. 77 25'. 

BURAMI (BR AMI). Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on 
the route from Nasirabad to Disa, and 139 miles south-west of the former. 
Lat. 25 22', long. 73 23'. 

BURANA. Town in Rohtak district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Nimach, and sixty-one miles south of the former. Lat. 28 21', 
long. 76 17'. 

BURAPURA. Town in Bijnaur district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Bijnaur to Sn'nagar, twenty-six miles north-east of the former. Lat. 29 
31', long. 78 3b'. 



BTJR 151 

BTJRAR. Town in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; twelve miles west of 
the right bank of the Ganges. Lat. 26 33', long. 80 10'. 

BURARL Village in Etawah district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Etawah to Kalpi, and eight miles south-east of the former. Lat. 26 44', 
long. 79 11'. 

BURARYA. Town in Darbhangah district, Bengal ; on the right 
bank of the Kusi river, fifty-six miles north-west of Purniah. Lat. 26 
31', long. 87 11'. 

BUR ASS. Town in Karnul district, Punjab; 111 miles west of 
Karnul. It has a population of 30,056. Lat. 29 45', long. 76 49'. 

BURASTJ. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Khasganj to Meerut, and fifty-eight miles south of the latter. Lat. 28 
15', long. 78 6'. 

BTJRATTLA. Town in Bulandshahr district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Khasganj to Meerut, and twenty-four miles south east of the latter. 
Lat. 28 11', long. 78 10'. 

BTJRAULIIH. Village in Gurgaon district, IX". W. P. ; on the route 
from Delhi to Muttra, and forty-five miles south of the former. Lat. 
28 5', long. 77 25'. 

BURAUN. Village in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Fatehgarh, and eight miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 
27 25', long. 79 30'. 

BURATJR (BTJRHATIL). Village in Sitapur district, Oudh ; on the 
route from Bareilly to Sitapur, seventy-one miles south-east of the 
former, thirty -four north-west of the latter. Lat. 27 50', long. 
80 24'. 

BURATTR (BTJRATTRAH). Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on 
the route from the city of Agra to Bareilly, and twenty- seven miles south- 
west of the later. Lat. 28 12', long. 79 10'. 

BURATJT. Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from the city of Allahabad to Benares, and twenty-eight miles east of the 
former. Lat. 25 21', long. 82 15'. 

BTJRATITH. Town in Meerut district, KW.P. It contains a popula- 
tion of 12,350. Lat. 29 6', long. 77 20'. 

BTTRAITTTIH. Village in Karnul district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Delhi to Karnul, and twenty miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 28 54', long. 77 8'. 

BTJRBARORE. Village in Meerut district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Delhi to the town of Meerut, and nine miles south-west of the latter. 
Lat. 28 54', long. 77 42'. 

BITRDA (JAITWAR). See PORBANDAR. 

BURDAPUR. Town in Haidarabad State; distant north-west from 
Haidarabad 160 miles. Lat. 18 39', long. 76 33'. 

BURDHI. Town in Eewah State, Central India Agency ; situate on 
an abrupt eminence on the right or south bank of the river Son, at 
the confluence of the Gopat. Lat. 24 32', long. 82 29'. 

BTIRDTI. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Pop. (1881), 
6841. 

BURDWAN. See BARDWAN. 

BUREAH. See BURIYA. 

BURENDA (BROANG PASS). Sec BKOAS< 



152 BUR 

BURENG. A valley of Kashmir State, Punjab ; extending in a direction 
from south-east to north-west, between lat. 33 20' 33 30', long. 75 
10' 75 26'. 

BURENG. River of Kashmir State, Punjab, flowing through a valley 
of the same name; it is formed by the junction of two streams, one having 
its source in a large spring near the summit of the Wurdwun Pass, and 
flowing southwards ; the other rising on the western declivity of the 
Snowy Panjal, and flowing north-west. After their junction, a great 
part of the water sinks suddenly by an opening in the rocky bed of the 
stream ; the rest is saved by means of a canal, and conveyed north-west- 
ward toward Islamabad, beyond which, in lat. 33 42', long. 75 14', it 
joins the Lidur river, forming one of the principal feeders of the Jhelum. 
The length of the course of the Bureng is about forty miles. 

BURGATCHL Town in Rajshahi district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Rampur to Dinajpur, sixteen miles north-west of the former. Lat. 24 
27', long. 88 22'. 

BURGAU. Town in Sarguja State, Bengal ; distant south from Sar- 
guja, sixteen miles. Lat. 22 54', long. 83 12'. 

BURG AUA. Town in Rewah State, Central India Agency ; 68 miles 
south of Mirzapur, 400 west of Calcutta by Hazaribagh. Lat. 24 10', 
long. 82 30'. 

BURGAUM. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay ; on the left bank 
of the Girna river. Lat. 20 40', long. 75 12'. 

BURGH AUT. Town in Bamra State, Central Provinces ; distant east 
from Sambalpur thirty-eight miles. Lat. 21 30', long. 84 36'. 

BURGHUR. Hills in Coimbatore district, Madras. About 2500 feet 
high. Lat. 11 49', long. 77 36'. 

BURGHUR. Village in Coimbatore district, Madras. 

BURGHUR. River in Coimbatore district, Madras, falling into the 
Kaveri. 

BURGUDDA. Village in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Ganges. Lat. 25 16', long. 82 12'. 

BURGUDUA. Town in Gonda district, Oudh ; distant north-east from 
Faizabad fifty-five miles. Lat. 27 27', long. 82 42'. 

BURGUNDA. Town in Indore State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south from Indore nineteen miles. Lat. 22 26', long. 75 49'. 

BURGUR. Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the river Kunher. Lat. 23 38', long. 83 35'. 

BURGUR. See B!EGAEH. 

BURGURH (BARGARH). Part (formerly independent) of Raigarh 
State, Central Provinces. The chief town (Burgurh) is situated in lat. 
22 1', long. 83 9'. 

BURHA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Balaghat district, Central 
Provinces. Lat. 21 48' 30", long. 80 40'. Pop. (1881), 4136. Area 
of tahsil, 1695 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 266,415. 

BURHAMPORE. See BERHAMPDR. 

BURHAMPORL Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; distant 
south-east from Nagpur sixty miles. Lat. 20 39', long. 79 55'. 

BURHANPUR. Town (in tahsil of the same name) in Nimar district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 21 18' 33", long. 76 16' 26". Pop. (1881), 
30,017. This ancient and famous city, long the capital of Khandesh, and 



BUR 153 

the chief city of the Deccan under the Mughal emperors, is distant two 
miles from the Lalbagh station of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, 
and is placed on the north bank of the river Tapti. Area of tahsil, 1138 
sq. miles. Pop., 77,123. 

BTJRHAPARA. Pargana in Gonda district, Oudh. Area, 77f sq. 
miles. Pop. (1869), 20,541. 

BURHATH. Town in Sibsagar district, Assam ; on the left bank of 
the Disang river, forty-three miles north-east of Sibsagar. Lat. 27 9', 
long. 95 20'. 

BURHL See BAKHT. 

BTJRHI AH. Village in Hardoi district, Oudh ; on the route from 
Sitapur to Shahjahanpur, forty-five miles north-west of the former, 
seventeen miles east of the latter. Lat. 27 50', long. 80 14'. 

BURHIN (BURHUL). See BARHALGANJ. 

BURHPUR. Pargana in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
35,404. 

BURHTTD. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; distant 
north-east from Gwalior thirty-one miles. Lat. 26 28', long. 78 40'. 

BTJRI DIKING. River of Lakhimpur and Sibsagar districts, Assam. 
It finally falls into the Brahmaputra. 

BURI GANDAK. River of Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Darbhangah, 
and Monghyr districts, Bengal. It finally falls into the Ganges. 

BURI LOHIT. The name of one of the two streams into which the 
Brahmaputra divides in its passage through the valley of Assam. It 
diverges from the main stream about lat. 21 7', long. 94 30', and flowing 
south-west for fifty-nine miles, rejoins it about lat. 26 45', long. 93 42'. 

BTJRIGANGA.- -River in Dacca district, Bengal, an offshoot of the 
Dhaleswari. 

BITRIGRAM. Thana in Rajshahi district, Bengal. Area, 194 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 121,554. 

BURIRHAT. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 29', 
long. 89 16' 30". 

BURIYA. Town in Umballa district, Punjab. Lat. 30 9' 30", long. 
77 23' 45". Pop. (1881), 7411. 

BTJRKAGIJRH. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal; on the route 
from Hazaribagh to Midnapur, forty-six miles south of the former. Lat. 
23 20', long. 85 19'. 

BTIRKAIRA. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; on 
the route from Guna to Mhow, 28 miles south-west of former, 157 north- 
east of latter. Lat. 24 17', long. 77 9'. 

BTJRKELE. Town in Bora'sambar State, Central Provinces; distant 
south-west from Sambalpur seventy-five miles. Lat. 21, long. 82 59'. 

BITRKOT. Village in Garhwai State, X.W.P. ; on a ridge over- 
hanging a torrent, which about two miles to the north-west falls into the 
Jumna on the left side. Lat. 30 47', long. 78 17'. 

BITRKUTTTH. Village in Muzaffarnagar district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Karnul to Meerut, and forty-seven miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 29 15, long. 77 32'. 

BimLTIHJTJT (BTJRLAH). Village in Muzaffarnagar district, 
3T.W.P. ; on the route from Karnul to Meerut, and thirty-two miles 
south-east of the former. Lat. 29 25', long. 77 25'. 



154 BTJR 

BURMA, BRITISH. One of the Provinces, or "Local Governments," 
of the Indian Empire, under a Chief Commissioner. Between lat. 9 55' 
20 50', and long. 92 99. Bounded on the north by Eastern 
Bengal and Independent Burma, on the east by Independent Burma and 
Siam, on the south and west by the sea. British Burma, which was 
acquired by the wars of 1824 and 1852, is divided into three grand 
divisions, Arakan, Pegu, and Tenasserim which see separately. Area, 
87/220 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3,736,771. 

BURMA, INDEPENDENT. Independent State, on the east of Assam, 
and east and north of British Burma. It is bounded on the north by 
Assam and Thibet, on the east by Chinese territory and the Shan 
States. Area, about 190,520 sq. miles. Pop. unknown, but estimated 
at about 4,000,000, including the Shans. Between lat. 19 30' 28 15', 
and long. 93 2' 100 40'. Chief rivers, the Irawadi (and the Kyeng- 
dweng, which joins it), the Sittang or Poung-loung, the Salwin, and the 
Myit-nge. The capital was formerly at Ava, but is now at Mandalay. 

BURMIOK. Town in Sikkim State, Bengal ; distant north-east from 
Darjiling nineteen miles. Lat. 27 10', long. 88 34'. 

BURNAH (BARN A NADI). River of Allahabad, Mirzapur, Jaunpur, 
and Benares districts, T."W.P. ; rising in Allahabad, about thirteen miles 
east of the city of that name, and in lat. 25 23', long. 82 8'. It takes 
a north-easterly course through the district for about twenty-five miles, 
when, turning south-east, it for fifty miles forms the boundary between 
the districts of Mirzapur and Jaunpur ; continuing its course in the same 
direction, it enters the district of Benares, through which it flows for 
forty miles, passing along the north side of the city of Benares, and falls 
into the Ganges on the left side, in lat. 25 18', long. 83 7'; its total 
length of course being about 105 miles. During the periodical rains it is 
navigable for boats of considerable tonnage. 

BURNAH. Town in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Kali Nadi, thirty-eight miles west of Farrukhabad. Lat. 27 26', 
long. 79 2'. 

BURNAWA. Town on the right bank of the Hindun in Meerut 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 7', long. 77 29'. 

BURNUGGUR. Town in Baroda State : fifty-two miles north of the 
city of Ahmedabad. It has considerable trade. Pop. 12,000. Lat. 23 
48', long. 72 38'. 

BUROD. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; distant 
north from IJjjain forty miles. Lat, 23 44', long. 75 49'. 

BUROD A. Village in Agra district, N.W.P. ; on the route from the 
city of Agra to Jaipur, and eleven miles west of the former. Lat. 27 8', 
long. 77 55'. 

BURORI (BUROWA). Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 
one mile to the west or right of the route from the fort of Gwalior to 
Sagar ; nine miles south of former, 178 north-west of latter. Lat. 26 8', 
long. 78 10'. 

EUROS. Village in Muttra district, KW.P. ; on the route from the 
city of Agra to Aligarh, and fifteen miles north of the former. Lat. 27 
20', long. 78 6'. 

BUROTA. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the right bank of 
the Bhagirathi. Lat. 30 36', long. 78 23'. 



BUR 155 

BUROTL See BANMAUTI. 

BUR PANL Eiver of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills district, Assam ; 
rising in lat. 25 46', long. 92. It flows into the Kullung, a considerable 
offset of the Brahmaputra. 

BURPETA. Town in Kamriip district, Assam ; twelve miles south- 
east of Bijni in Bhutan, twenty-eight miles west of Gauhati. Lat. 26 
IS', long. 91. 

BURPURA (BURRAIPURA). Town in Etawah district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 26 44', long. 78 58'. 

BURPURA. Town in Rampur State, KW.P. Lat. 28 55', long. 
79 5'. 

BURRA BAZAR. Thana in Calcutta. Area, 207 acres. Pop. (1881), 
20,769. 

BURRA CHACHUR. Village in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; on 
the route from Haidarabad to Sehwan, and sixty-two miles north-west of 
the former place. Lat. 26 10', long. 68 6'. 

BURRA GURRAWARRA. Town in Narsinhpur district, Central 
Provinces ; seventy-six miles west of Jabalpur, seventy-one miles east of 
Hoshangabad. Lat. 22 55', long. 78 50'. 

BURRA LAMB A. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Nasirabad to Gwalior, twenty-nine miles east of former, 212 west of 
latter. Lat. 26 20', long. 75 14'. 

BURRABUM. Town in Bengal, eighty miles north-west of Midnapur. 
Lat. 23 4', long. 86 24'. 

BURRABUM. See BARRABHUM. 

BURRAGAON. Town in Agra district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank 
of the Jumna, forty-two miles south-east of the city of Agra. Lat. 26 
52', long. 78 42'. 

BURRAIPURUH. See BTJRPURA. 

BURRAN. River of Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; after a south- 
easterly course of sixty-five miles, falls into the Indus, in lat. 25 14', 
long. 68 21'. In the upper part of its course it is called the Dhurwal. 

BURRAPUDDA. Town in Morbhanj State, Orissa, Bengal ; distant 
north-west from Balasor thirty-five miles. Lat. 21 59', long. 86 48'. 

BURRAUNDA. See BARAUNDA. 

BURRI MUTT AN A. Town in Shahjahanpur district, JNYW.P. ; on 
the route from Bareilly to the cantonment of Fatehgarh, and thirty-eight 
miles south-east of the former. Lat. 27 53', long. 79 45'. 

BURRISOL. See BARIS!L. 

BURROD. Town in Kotah State, Rajputana ; distant north-east from 
Kotah forty miles. Lat. 25 21', long. 76 28'. 

BURSANA. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Delhi to Dig, and fourteen miles north of the latter. Lat. 27 39', long. 
77 26'. 

BURS ANKER. Pass in Baraunda State, Central India Agency ; on 
the route from Banda to Rewah, forty-three miles south-east of tho 
former, sixty-nine north-west of the latter. Lat. 24 56', long. 
80 36'. 

BURSI (BURS AK). Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on tho 
route from the city of Agra to Aligarh cantonment, and twenty miles 
south of the latter. Lat. 27 40', long. 78 8'. 



156 BTJE BTJS 

BURSUAH. Village in Budaun district, 1ST.W.P; on the route from 
the city of Agra to Bareilly, and forty- one miles south-west of the latter. 
Lat. 28 4', long. 79 5'. 

BURTOLLA. Thana in Calcutta. Area, 299 acres. Pop. (1881), 
25,527. 

BURU. Town in Ahmedabad district, Bombay. Lat. 22 24', long. 
72 19'. 

BURUA. Village in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Almora to the town of Moradabad, and fifty-eight miles north of the 
latter. It is situate 'on the Dubha river, at the northern frontier of the 
district, towards Kurnaun. Lat. 29 21', long. 79 12'. 

BURUJ. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; distant south-east 
from Gorakhpur forty miles. Lat. 26 16', long. 83 43'. 

BURUNDA. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
the town of Jodhpur to that of Ajmere, and fifty-nine miles north-east of 
the former. Lat. 26 20', long. 74 4'. 

BURWAI. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south-east from Mhow thirty-nine miles. Lat. 22 13', long. 76 7'. 

BURWALLA. Town in Ahmedabad district, Bombay; seventy-nine 
miles south-west of Ahmedabad. Lat. 22 10', long. 71 50'. 

BUR WALL A. Town in Hissar district, Punjab j distant north from 
Hansi twenty miles. Lat. 29 22', long. 75 59'. 

BURWANL See BARWANI. 

BURW ANN AGAR. Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal; on the 
route from Udaipur to Lohardaga; thirty-six miles south-west of the 
latter. Lat. 23 9', long. 84 19'. 

BTJRWUR S AGAR. See BAEWA SAGAR. 

BTJSAI (BUSSYE). Town in Agra district, ISYW.P. ; on the route 
from Agra to Etawah, forty miles east of the former. Busai has a pop. 
of 12,754. Lat. 27 8', long. 78 9'. 

BUSALI. Town in Rawalpindi district, Punjab ; on the route from 
"Wazirabad to Rawalpindi, sixteen miles south of the latter. Lat. 33 27', 
long. 73 6'. 

BUS AU. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 28 1 4', long. 75 1 1'. 

BUSHAI. Town in Mandla district, Central Provinces; on the right 
bank of the Johila river, thirty-seven miles south-east of Sohagpur. 
Lat. 22 55', long. 81 47'. 

BUSI. Town in Bulandshahr, KW.P. ; on the right bank of the 
Ganges, east of Delhi sixty miles. Lat. 28 36', long. 78 15'. 

BUSIN AGAR. Town in Singbhum district, Bengal; distant north- 
west from Chaibasa forty miles. Lat. 22 49', long. 85 11'. 

BUSKARI. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh; on the route from 
Azamgarh to Faizabad, thirty-four miles north- west of the former, fifty- 
two south-east of the latter. Lat. 26 25', long. 82 45'. 

BUSPA. River of Bashahr State, Punjab ; rises in Thibet, and falls 
into the Sutlej in lat. 31 29', long. 78 15', at an elevation of 5945 feet 
above the level of the sea. 

BUSSAHIR See BASHAHR. 

BUSSAL Village in Muttra district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Angarh to Etawah, and forty miles south-east of the former. Lat. 27 
20', long. 78 26'. 



BUS BUT 157 

BITS SAN A. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 53', long. 
76 26'. 

BUSSEAH. Town (on the left bank of the river Kal) in Lohardaga 
district, Bengal; forty miles south of Lohardaga. Lat. 22 51', long. 
84 54'. 

BUSSEAN. Town in Ludhiana district, Punjab; seventy miles south- 
east of Firozpur. Lat. 30 38', long. 75 33'. 

BUSSERHAT. See BASURHAT. 

BTTSSL- Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 27 58', long. 76 1'. 

BTJSSL Town in Ludhiana district, Punjab. Distance north-west 
from Calcutta, by way of Meerut and Saharanpur, 1075 miles. Lat. 30 
35', long. 76 55'. 

BUSSOMBA (BAISUMTJH). Village in Muzaffarnagar district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from the town of Meerut to that of Bijnaur, and 
twenty-two miles north-east of the former. Lat. 29 12', long. 78 2'. 

BUSSUNDAR (DTJLIT). Town in Nepal State; distant south-west 
from Jernlah thirty-six miles. Lat. 28 59', long. 81 13'. 

BUSSUNTPUR. See BASANTPUR. 

BTJSTAR (JUGDULPUR). See BASTAR. 

BUST!. See BASTI. 

BUS UN. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 2', long. 76 16'. 

BUSWA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; distant north-east from 
Jaipur fifty miles. Lat. 27 7', long. 76 40'. 

BUSWAR (BUSSOHUR). Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Allahabad to Banda, twenty-three miles west of the 
former. Lat. 25 23', long. 81 32'. 

BUSWUNTHUGGUR (BASWANTNAGAR). Town in Haidarabad 
State; distant south-east from Jalna ninety-one miles. Lat. 19 20', 
long. 77 14'. 

BUTANA. Town in Rohtak district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 7656. 

BUTCHAU. Town in Cutch State, Bombay ; distant east from Bhuj 
forty-four miles. Lat. 23 20', long. 70 23'. 

BUTCHER ISLAND. A low island in the harbour of Bombay, situate 
between the town of Bombay and the island of Elephanta. Lat. 18 56', 
long. 72 58'. 

BUTCHITHULLL Town in Mysore State ; distant north-east from 
Seringapatam 110 miles. Lat. 13 31', long. 77 56'. 

BUTEA. State in Central Provinces; its centre is in lat. 21 55', 
long. 82 45'. 

BUTHULPUR FORT. Town in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Bijnaur to Srinagar, fifty miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 29 49', long. 78 49'. 

BUTORA. Village in Bhajji State, Punjab; on the left bank of the 
Sutlej, at the confluence of a small feeder of that river. Elevation above 
the sea, 2281 feet. Lat. 31 15', long. 77 21'. 

BUTRAULL Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the city of Agra to Mainpuri, and ten miles west of the latter. Lat. 
27 13', long. 78 57'. 

BUTSURA. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; on the left bank of the 
river Gandak, thirty-six miles north-west of Bettia. Lat. 27 7', long. 
84 9'. 



158 BUT BYE, 

BTJTTATOA (BHTJTTA THOWA). Tillage in Ludhiana district, 
Punjab ; on the route from Ludhiana to Firozpur, and fourteen miles 
west of the former town. It is situate two miles from the left bank 
of the Sutlej. Distant north-west from Calcutta 1116 miles. Lat. 30 
56', long. 75 b 41'. 

BTJTTELLI. Town in Jaipur State, Tizagapatam district, Madras. 
Lat. 19, long. 83 62'. 

BTJTTIGTJAM. Town in Jaipur State, Yizagapatam district, Madras ; 
distant north from Jaipur twenty miles. Lat. 19 20', long. 82 20'. 

BUTWA. Kiver of Nepal State and Purniah district, Bengal ; falls 
into the Mahananda river, a tributary of the Ganges, in lat. 25 45', long. 
87 50'. 

BUV AN AGIRL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 80. 

BUVANGAL A.. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 46. 

BTJXA DWAR. See BAXA. 

BUXAE. See BAXAR. 

BTJXI. Town in Sylhet district, Bengal ; on the left bank of the 
Barak river, twenty-two miles south-west of Sylhet. Lat. 24 37', long. 
91 41'. 

BUXIPUR. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal ; on the left bank of 
the Jalangi, thirty miles north of Krishnagar. Lat. 23 50', long. 88 30'. 

BTJXIPTJR. Town in Jessor district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the Kumar river, forty-six miles north-west of Jessor. Lat. 23 47', 
long. 88 58'. 

BUXWAHO. Town in Panna State, Central India Agency; on the 
route from Kalpi to Jabalpur, 159 miles south of the former. Lat. 24 
15', long. 79 20'. 

BTIZRUK. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant west from Haidarabad 
122 miles. Lat. 17 13', long. 76 42'. 

B Y AD AGOTT A. Tillages in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881) respectively 
68 and 109. 

BYADGL Town in Dharwar district, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 4116. 

BYANG. Town in Balasor district, Bengal; five miles south-east of 
the route from Balasor to Cuttack, forty-six miles south-west of the 
former. Lat. 20 55', long. 86 39'. 

BYANGKHOLA. Town in Nepal State; distant north-west from 
Khatmandu 150 miles. Lat. 28 39', long. 83 9'. 

BYAR RIVER. Biver of Darbhangah and Monghyr districts, Bengal, 
falling into the Ganges in lat. 25 20', long. 86 6'. 

BYDESSTJR (BIDISSUR). See BAIDESWAR. 

BYDUR. See BAIDTJR. 

BYE DERTT. Town in Lahore district, Punjab ; situated on the left 
bank of the river Ravi, thirty-nine miles south-west of the town of 
Lahore. Lat. 31 10', long. 73 45'. 

BYLA. See BAILA. 

BYNSONT (BHYSONDAH). See BHAISATTNDA. 

BYRAM GHAT. See BAIRAMGHAT. 

BYRATH. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 5649. 

BYRIAH. See BAIREA. 



CAB CAL 159 



CAB08SA. Island in Mergui Archipelago, British Burma. It is one 
of the first of the cluster met with on approaching Mergui from the north- 
west. Lat. 12 48', long. 97 58'. 

CACHAR. District in Assam ; between lat. 24 14' 25 50', and 
long. 92 26' 93 29'. Area, 3750 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 313,858. 
The chief mountains are the Barail range on the north. The chief river is 
the Barak. The chief towns are Silchar (the capital), Sonai, and Sialtekh. 
The administration is in the hands of the Chief Commissioner of Assam. 

CACORA. Tillage in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 2263. 

CADAVATID (CARWAR). See KA"RWATI. 

GADOLI. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 366. 

CALANGUTE. Village in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 7164. 

CALASTRI. See K!LAHASTI. 

CALCUTTA. The principal place of Bengal, and the metropolis of 
India; within the limits of the Twenty -four Parganas district, Bengal, 
but under independent jurisdiction. It is situate on the left bank of the 
river Hugli, a branch of the Ganges, regarded by Hindus as the con- 
tinuation of the sacred stream, and is distant about eighty miles from the 
sea. Its extent along the river bank from north to south is about four 
miles and a half, and its breadth about a mile and a half ; the entire site 
of Calcutta Proper, which comprises an area of nearly eight square 
miles, being inclosed between the river and the line of the old intrench- 
ment known as the Marhatta Ditch, now almost obliterated. Besides the 
city of Calcutta itself, which is administered by a municipality, there are 
three other municipalities adjacent, called respectively "The Suburbs of 
Calcutta," "The North Suburban Town," and "The South Suburban 
Town ; " and the great town of Howrah, on the opposite bank of the 
Hugh', is also a suburb of Calcutta. The other important suburbs are 
Chitpur and Kasipur (or Cossipore) on the north ; Sealdah, Entally and 
Baliganj (or Ballygunge) on the east and south-east; and Bhavanipur 
(Bhowanipore), Kidarpur (Kidderpore), and Ali'pur (Alipore), and Garden 
Beach on the south. Pop. (1881), 433,219, or including the suburbs (but 
without Howrah), 684,658, viz. : Town Proper, 401,671 ; Fort William, 
3348 ; Suburbs, 251,439 ; Port, 28,200. Lat. 22 34' 2", long. 88 23' 59". 

CALIAN. An ancient name of Beypur, q.v. 

CALIAN. See KALYA*. 

CALICACHIGAO. Village in Daman district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 464. 

CALICUT. Seaport town and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
in Malabar district, Madras ; situated on the sea-coast six miles north of 
Beypur, in the midst of extensive palm groves. Lat. 11 15', long. 75 
49'. Pop. (1881), 57,085. Pop. of taluk (1871), 189,768. Calicut is 
celebrated as being the first port in India visited by Europeans. 



160 CAL CAN 

CALIMERE POINT Promontory on the Coromandel Coast, Madras. 
Lat. 10 17', long. 79 56'. 

CALINGA. Ancient division and ghat in Madras. See KALINGA. 

CALINGAPATAM. Town and port in Ganjam district, Madras. 
See KALINGAPATAM. 

CALLEM. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 914. 

CALLIAN DRUG. See KALYIN-DBITG. 

CALLIANL See KALYAN. 

CALLINGER. See KILDTJAB. 

CALLTI. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 130. 

CALPL See KliPi. 

CAL VENTURA. Group of rocks off the coast of Arakan, British 
Burma. Lat. 16 55', long. 94 15' 30". 

CAMALAPUR. See KAMAL!PUR. 

CAMBAY. State in the Political Agency of Kaira, Bombay ; between 
lat. 22 9' 22 41', and long 72 20' 73 5'. Bounded by Kaira 
district on the north, by Kaira district and Baroda State on the east, by 
the Gulf of Cambay on the south, and by the Sabarmati river and 
Ahmedabad district on the west. Area, 350 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
86,074. The river Mahi forms a part of the boundary of the district 
on the east. The Nawab, who is entitled to a salute of eleven guns, pays 
a tribute of 2547 to the British Government. The military force 
consists of 173 cavalry and 1218 foot. 

CAMBAY. Capital of Cambay State, Bombay ; on the north side of 
the mouth of the river Mahi. Lat. 22 18' 30", long. 72 40'. Pop. 
(1881), 36,007. 

CAMBAY (GULF OF). A part of the sea, extending between lat. 
21 22 10', long. 71 50' 72 40', having a length from north to south 
of about eighty miles, and a breadth, on an average, of twenty-five. 
It is shallow, and abounds in shoals and sand-banks. Numerous and 
considerable rivers flow into it ; the chief being the Sabarmati and the 
Mahi on the north, and the Tapti and Narbada on the east. 

CAMEL'S HUMP. Hill in Malabar district, Madras ; 7677 feet high. 
Lat. 11 26', long. 76 10'. 

CAMORLIM. Village in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 4441. 

CAMPBELLPUR (HAMALPUR). Cantonment in Rawal Pindi 
district, Punjab. Lat. 33 47', long. 72 23'. Pop. (1881), 
1467. 

CAMPO DOS REMEDIOS. Village in Daman district, Portuguese 
India. Pop. (1881), 1634. 

CAMRUP. See KIMRUP. 

CAMULAPUR. See KAMALA*pTm. 

CANACON. Town in the Portuguese territory of Goa ; on the route 
from Goa to Honawar, thirty-two miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
15 2', long. 74 8'. 

CAN AGON A. Village in district of same name, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 3017. Pop. of district (1881), 18,490. 

CANARA. See KANAKA. 



CAN CAR 161 

CANARI. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 269. 

CANCANHULLL See KANKANHALLI. 

CANCARVORNEM. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 868. 

CANCUPA. See KANKTTPPA. 

CANDAHAR See KANDAHAR. 

CANDEAPAR. Tillage in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 678. 

CANDEISH. See KHANDESH. 

CANDOLA. Tillage in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 340. 

CANDOLIM. Tillage in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 5774. 

CANDOR. Tillage in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 3521. 

CANE. See KEN. 

CANISTERS. Islands, three in number, of the Mergui Archipelago, 
British Burma. The Great Canister, the largest of the three, is in lat. 
12 56', Ions. 98 19'. 

CANNANORE. Town, sea-port, and municipality, with large canton- 
ment, in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 11 51' 12", long. 75 24' 44", 
Pop. (1881), 26,386. The chief military station on the Malabar coast. 

CANNING, PORT. See POET CANNING. 

CANOEL. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 499. 

CANOUJ. See KANAUJ. 

CAP. Island off Tavoy district, British Burma; forming the west 
side of the Tavoy river's entrance. Lat. 13 32', long. 98 13'. 

CAP ISLAND. Island, or rock, off Kyouk-hpyu district, British Burma; 
situate about a mile from the island of Ramri. Lat. 19 23', long. 93 32'. 

CAPTAINGANJ (KAPTANGANJ). Town in Gorakhpur district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Gorakhpur to Bettia, twenty-two miles 
north-east of the former, sixty miles west of the latter. Lat. 26 56', 
long. 83 42'. 

CAPTAINGANJ (KTIPTAINGANJ). Town in Gorakhpur district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from the cantonment of Gorakhpur to Lucknow, 
55 miles west of the former. Lat. 26 46', long. 82 34'. 

CAPTAINGANJ (KUPTAINGANJ). Town in Azamgarh district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 26 12', long. 83 4'. 

CARACHIGAO. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 261. 

CARAGOLA. See KAR!GOLA. 

CARAMBOLIM. Tillage in Ilhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 1807. 

CARAMBOLIM-BTISTTRTJCO. Village in Satari district, Portuguese 
India. Pop. (1881), 100. 

CARAMBOLIM-CHANDIGREM. Village in Satari district, Portu- 
guese India. Pop. (1881), 242. 

CARAMNASSA. See KARAMNASA. 

CARANGTJLL See KARANGTJLI. 

II 



162 CAE CAW 

CARANJA ISLE. See KARANJA. 

CARANZOL. Tillage in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 602. 

CARAPUR. Tillage in Bicholim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 1656. 

CARAR. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 396. 

CARARPARA Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 521. 

CARCHONDE. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 370. 

CARDAMOM HILLS. Hills in Travancore State, Madras ; between 
lat. 9 27' 10 4', and long. 76 52' 77 17'. The annual crop of 
cardamoms on these Hills is valued at about 30,000. 

CAREGAL. Tillage in Canacona district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 346. 

CARIA. Tillage inDaman district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881 ), 364. 

CARIVARI. Tillage in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 739. 

CARLL See KA"RLI. 

CARMONA. Tillage in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 3722. 

CARNATIC. See KARN ATIC. 

CARRICAL. See KARIK!L. 

CARTIR. See KARTJR. 

CARWAR. See K!RWAR. 

CASHMERE. See KASHMIR. 

CASSABE. Tillage in .Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 3268. 

CASSABE. Tillage in Bicholim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 3024. 

CASSERGODE. Town in South Kauara district, Madras; on the 
Chandragiri river. Lat. 12 29' 50", long. 75 2' 10". Pop. (1871), 6416. 

CATCHUA. See KACHTJA. 

CATMANDHU. See KHATMANDU. 

CATRIA. Tillage in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
2386. 

CATTYWAR. See KAxHiiwiR. 

CAULI NUDDL See KALI NADI. 

CAUNCHURN. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 252. 

CAITSERGODE. See CASSERGODE. 

CAUVERL See K!VERI. 

CAUVERIPATJK. See KAVERIPA-K. 

CATIVERIPURAM. See KAVERIPUR. 

CATTVOREM. Tillage in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 246. 

CAWNPORE (KANHPUR). District in Allahabad division, KW.P. ; 
between lat. 25 56' 15" 26 57', and long. 79 34' 45" 80 38'. Area, 
2370 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,181,396. It is bounded on the north- 
east by the Ganges, on the west by Farrukhabad and Etawah districts, 



CAW CEY 163 

on the south-west by the Jumna, and on the east by Fatehpur district. 
Cawnpore lies in the great Doab, between the Ganges and Jumna, besides 
which rivers there are the Isan, Pandu, Bind, and Sengur ; while the 
district is irrigated by branches of the Ganges Canal. The chief towns 
are Cawnpore and Bilhaur. The district is administered by a Collector- 
Magistrate, two Joint-Magistrates, an Assistant, and two deputies. 

CAWNPORE. Capital town (in tahsil of same name) of Cawnpore 
district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank of the river Ganges. Lat. 26 28' 
15", long. 80 23' 45". The distance north-west from. Calcutta is 628 
miles by land, 954 by river; 266 miles south-east from Delhi. Pop. 
(1881), 151,444. It is situated 130 miles above the confluence of the 
Ganges and the Jumna at Allahabad ; and is about 500 feet above the 
level of the sea. The town is celebrated as the scene of the massacre of 
Europeans in 1857 by order of the Nana Sahib. Pop. of tahsil (1881), 
289,333. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 92,145. 

CAZNEM. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 140. 

CAZUR. Tillage in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 154. 

CEDED DISTRICTS. The districts ceded to the British by the 
Nizam of Haidarabad in 1800, for the maintenance of the Subsidiary 
Force. They were Bellary, Cuddapah and Karnul. 

CEDED AND CONQUERED PROVINCES. The districts ceded by 
the Nawab Vizier of Oudh in 1801. Including Allahabad, Azamgarh, 
Farrukhabad, Etawah, Gorakpur, etc. 

CENTRAL INDIA AGENCY. The collection of States of which the 
political relations with the Government of India are under the charge of 
the Governor- General's Agent for Central India. The Agency includes 
eight minor Agencies, States or collections of States, viz. the Indore, 
Gwalior, Bhopal, Bundelkhand, Baghelkhand, Bhil, "Western Malwa, 
and Guna Agencies. The total area of the agency is 75,079 sq. miles, 
and the pop. (1881), 926,190. 

CENTRAL PROVINCES. One of the Provinces or local Govern- 
ments of the Indian Empire ; under a Chief Commissioner. Its area is 
113,279 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 11,548,511. Between lat. 17 50' 
24 27', and long. 76 85 15'. It contains four Commissioner's 
Divisions, divided into nineteen districts, with fifteen States attached. 
The four divisions are Nagpur, Jabalpur, Narbada and Chhatisgarh. The 
States attached are Bastar, Karond, Kaigarh Bargarh, Sarangarh, Patna, 
Sonpur, Bairakhol, Barnra, Sakti, Kawarda, Khondka, Kanker, Khaira- 
garh, Nandgaon, Makrai. An account of each of these divisions and 
States is given under its name. The capital of the Province is Nagpur. 
The Central Provinces nearly coincide with the ancient division of India 
called Gondwana. The administrative staff consists of four Commissioners 
and nineteen Deputy Commissioners. 

CEYLON. A large and fertile island lying at the entrance of the Bay 
of Bengal, and separated from the continent of India by the Gulf of 
Manaar and Palk Strait. Ceylon is not under the Indian Government, 
but is subject to the colonial department of the British administration. 
The extreme length of the island is about 270 miles ; its breadth varies 
greatly, but the average is 100 miles. It lies between lat. 5 56' 
9 46', and long. 79 36' 81 58'. 



164 CHA 

CHABRATffATT Town in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. Area, 100 
acres. Pop. (1872), 5444. 

CHACH. Part of Rawalpindi district, Punjab ; a valley lying along 
the east bank of the Indus, north of the Attock Hills ; chief town is Hazro. 

CHACHAI. Village in Eewah State, Central India Agency ; on the 
direct route from Mirzapur to the diamond-mines of Panna, and seventy- 
one miles west of the former. It is remarkable for a cascade of 372 feet, 
formed by the Beher, a stream which, three or four miles farther down, 
falls into the Tons. Elevation above the sea, 990 feet. Lat. 24 47', 
long. 81 21'. 

CHACHATJRA. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on 
the route from Gunato Mhow, 40 miles south-west of former, 145 north- 
east of latter, Lat. 24 10', long. 77. 

CHACHLA. Town in Cutch State, Bombay ; distant north-west from 
Bhuj thirty-one miles. Lat. 23 36', long. 69 26'. 

CHACHRA. Town and municipality (in sub-taluk of same name) in 
Thar and Parkar district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 1649. 

CHACHRAITLI. Town in Kalna State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 5389. 

CHACHUND. Thana in Etawah district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
26,834. 

CHACHUR. Town in Bahawalpur State, Punjab ; distant south-west 
from Bahawalpur eighty-one miles. Lat. 28 53', long. 70 34'. 

CHADCHAT. State in Palanpur Agency, Bombay. Area, about 440 
sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 18,193. 

CHAGDAH. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal ; on the left bank of 
the Hugli. Station on the Eastern Bengal Railway, 38J miles from 
Calcutta. Pop. (1881), 8989. Also thana. Area, 120 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 64,620. 

CHAH-MAH. Town in the Naga Hill tracts, Assam ; inhabited by 
the Naga tribes, distant ninety miles south-east from Nowgong. Lat. 
25 34', long. 93 52'. 

CHAHIN. Village in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
the town of Bikaner to that of Jaisalmir, and sixty-two miles north-east 
of the latter. Lat. 27 13', long. 71 53'. 

GHAHIR. Village in Ludhiana district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Ludhiana, and sixty-eight miles north of the former town. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta 1044 miles. Lat. 30 2', long. 75 59'. 

GHAIBASA. Capital of Singbhum district, Bengal ; on the right 
bank of the river Roro. Lat. 22 32' 50", long. 85 50' 57". Pop. (1881), 
6006. A large fair is held in this town at Christmas time, when upwards 
of 20,000 visitors are present. 

GHAIFE. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 16. 

CHAIKOA. Town in Lakhimpur district, Assam ; on the left bank of 
the river Brahmaputra, eight miles south-west of Sadiya. Lat. 27 46', 
long. 95 36'. 

CHAIL. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; thirteen miles west 
of the city of Allahabad. Lat. 25 25', long. 81 43'. 

GHAILAR. Town in Thar and Parkar district, Sind, Bombay; on 
the route from Umarkot to Di'sa, twenty-nine miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 25, long. 70. 



CHA 165 

CHAILARA. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; sixty-four miles 
south-east from Luclmow, and fifty-two miles north from Allahabad. 
Lat. 26 8', long. 81 38'. 

CHAILTTH. Village in Bulandshahr district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Delhi, and nine miles south-east of the latter ; situate 
close to the left bank of the Jumna. Lat. 28 36', long. 77 21'. 

CHAINPUR. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal. Lat. 25 2' 15", 
long. 83 32' 40". Pop. (1872), 4029. 

CHAINPUR. Tillage in Bhagalpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 49' 
28", long. 86 34' 16". 

CHAINPUR (CHAYANPUR). Town in Shahabad district, Bengal ; 
at the northern base of the hill-tract in the south of the district. Here 
is a quadrangular fort, 390 feet in length from north to south, 369 from 
east to west. Distant south-east from Benares 39 miles, north-west from 
Calcutta 350. Lat. 25, long. 83 34'. 

CHAINPUR BARL See BARI. 

CHAITANPUR. Hills in Singbhum district, Bengal. 

CHAITANPUR. Village in Manbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 22 
52', long. 85 54'. 

CHAITPET. Village in South Arcot district, Madras. Lat. 12 28', 
long. 79 23'. Formerly a place of considerable strength and importance. 

CHAK. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 
1258. 

CHAK BAGAR. A subdivision of Hissar district, Punjab. 

CHAK HARIANA. A subdivision of Hissar district, Punjab. 

CHAK NALI. A subdivision of Hissar district, Punjab. 

CHAKAI. Thana in Monghyr district, Bengal. Area, 483 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 109,540. 

CHAKALDHARPUR. Thana in Singbhum district, Bengal. Area, 
660 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 76,408. 

CHAKDEHA. Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Rewah, and thirty-seven miles south-east of the former 
city. Lat. 25 14', long. 82 11'. 

CHAKEN. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 6219. 

CHAKHATA PAHAR. Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 56,751. 

CHAKHERA. Village in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Kalpi to Fatehpur, and seven miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 
25 59', long. 80 43'. 

CHAKI. Town in Monghyr district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Monghyr to Raniganj, fifty-two miles south of the former. Lat. 24 35'. 
long. 86 26'. 

CHAKI. See CniKKi. 

CHAKIA. Thana in Mfrzapur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 67,451, 

CHAKIRIA. Village in Chittagong district, Bengal. Lat. 21 
45', long. 92 9'. Also thana. Area, 232 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
38,825. 

CHAKKI. River of Gurdaspur district, Punjab : rising in lat. 32 15', 
long. 76 5', and falling into the Beas in lat. 31 43', long. 75 33'. 

CHAKLASL Town in Kaira district, Bombay. Lat. 22 39', long. 
72 59'. Pop. (1872), 7C81. 



166 CHA 

CHAKRABARL Tillage in Hugli district, Bengal; celebrated for 
its cloth. 

CHAKRATA. Hill Station in Dehra Dun district, KW.P. Lat. 30 
43', long. 77 54' 20". Pop. (1872), 1279. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
1327. 

CHAKS ANA. Tillage in Bhartpur State, Rajputana; on the route 
from Agra to Bhartpur, twenty-three miles west of the former, eleven 
east of the latter. Lat. 27 11', long. 77 43'. 

CHAKSIT. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; on the route from Agra 
to Nasirabad, 142 miles south-west of former, eighty east of latter. 
Lat. 26 36', long. 76. 

CHAKULTOR. Tillage in Manbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 23 
14', long. 86 24'. An annual fair is held in this spot. 

CHAKURDUPUR. Town in Singbhum district, Bengal; twenty 
miles north-west from Chaibasa, and sixty-nine miles south-east from 
Lohardaga. Lat. 22 41', long. 85 28'. 

CHAKITRPTIR. Tillage in Cawnpore district, ET. W.P. ; on the route 
from Kalpi to Cawnpore, and twelve miles west of the latter. Lat. 26 
26, long. 80 15'. 

CHAKWADI. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal ; seventy miles 
north-east of Hazaribagh. Lat. 24 20', long. 86 25'. 

CHAKWAL. Tahsil of Jheluni (Jhilam) district, Punjab ; occupying 
the central portion of the district to the north of the Salt range ; situated 
between lat. 32 45' 33 13', and long. 72 31' 73 17'. Area, 818 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 154,144. 

CHAKWAL. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Jhelum district, Punjab. Lat. 32 55' 50", long. 72 54'. Pop. (1881), 
5717. 

CHALA. Town in Lakhimpur district, Assam ; four miles from the 
left bank of the river Brahmaputra, forty miles east of Sadiya. Lat. 27 
48', long. 96 22'. 

CHALADOKPO. "River in Bashahr State, Punjab ; rises in Thibet, 
about lat. 32, and after a north-west course of between twenty and 
thirty miles, falls into the Li, or river of Spiti, on the left side, in lat. 
32 2', long. 78 39', at an elevation of about 10,600 feet above the sea. 

CHALAIN MEW. Town in Independent Burma ; on the route from 
Sembew Ghewn, in Burma, to An or Aeng, in Kyouk-hpyii district, 
British Burma. Lat. 20 34', long. 94 32'. 

CHALAKERE. Tillage in Mysore State. Lat. 14 18', long. 76 43'. 
Pop. (1871), 1518. 

CHALAKTIDI. River in Cochin State, Madras ; falls into the back- 
water a few miles from Kranganen. 

CHALAN BIL. Swamp in Rajshahi district, Bengal; between lat. 
24 10' 24 30', and long. 89 12' 89 22' 30". 

CHALAUNI. River in Bhagalpur district, Bengal ; falls into the 
Loran. 

CHALISGAON. Subdivision in Khandesh district, Bombay. Area, 
504 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 59,031. 

CHAMAL. Swamp in Sfrsa district, Punjab ; connected with the 
river Gha^gar, north-west of Sirsa. 

CHAMARDI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 72 sq. miles. 



CHA 167 

CHAMARLAKOTA. See SAMTJLKOTA. 

CHAMBA. Hill State, with capital of same name, Punjab. The 
town of Chamba is situate among the southern mountains of the Hima- 
laya, on the river Ravi, at the foot of a lofty peak covered with snow. 
Its situation is very picturesque and beautiful. Area of State, 3180 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 115,773. Lat. of the town, 32 29', long. 76 10'. 
Pop. (1881), 5218. The Raja, who is entitled to a salute of eleven guns, 
maintains a force of one field gun and three others, and 1 60 military and 
police. 

CHAMBA. Mountain in Garhwal State, N.W.P. Elevation above 
the sea, 5567 feet. Lat. 30 20', long. 78 28'. 

CHAMBAGTJRH. Fort in Hindur State, Punjab. Elevation above 
the sea, 4400 feet. Lat. 31 13', long. 76 48'. 

CHAMBAL. River of the Central India Agency, Rajputana, and 
Etawah district, N.W.P. ; rises near Mhow, flows by the cities of Kota 
and Dholpur, and falls into the Jumna forty miles below Etawah. Lat. 
26 15', long. 79 15' 2". Principal tributaries, Chambila, Sipri, and 
Banas. 

CHAMBALLA. Portress or stockade in Akyab district, British 
Burma ; about sixteen miles south of the town of Arakan. The fortifica- 
tion formed an object of contest during the Burmese war in 1825. Lat. 
20 28', long. 93 20'. 

CHAMBELA (CHTJMBLA). River of Dhar State, Central India 
Agency ; falls into the Chambal in lat. 23 24', long. 75 28'. 

CHAMBRA MALAL Hill in Malabar district, Madras. Height, 
6500 feet. Lat. 11 32', long. 76 7'. 

CHAMBTT. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 390. 

CHAMBURGUNDI. Town in Nasik district, Bombay ; on the route 
from Sholapur to Siriir, twenty-eight miles south-east of the latter. Lat. 
18 38', long. 74 44 7 . 

CHAMIANI. Town in Unao district, Oudh ; on the Lon river. Pop. 
(1869), 3109. 

CHAMORDI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Paying an annual 
tribute of 76 to the British Government, and of 9 to Junagarh. 

CHAMORERIL (CHAMOMERIL). Lake in Ladakh, in the elevated 
table-land of Rupshu, situate between the valley of the Sutlej and that of 
the Indus. It is 15,000 feet above the level of the sea, and is surrounded 
by mountains, which rise in some places 5000 above the surface of the 
water. The general breadth is about two miles and a half ; the length, 
which is in a direction from north to south, is about fifteen miles ; the 
circumference about forty. Lat. 32 55', long. 78 15'. 

CHAMPA. State in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces. Area, 120 
sp. miles. Pop. (1870), 18,666. The town of Champa is in lat. 22 2', 
long. 82 43'. 

CHAMP AHATI. Village in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; 
and station on the Calcutta and South-Eastern State Railway, fifteen 
miles south-west of Calcutta. 

CHAMPAMTJTTI River of Bhutan State, and Goalpara district, 
Assam ; rising on the southern slope of the great snowy range of the 
Himalayas, in lat. 27 58', long. 90 5'. It falls into the Brahmaputra, 
on its north or right bank, in lat. 26 11', long. 90 22'. 



168 CHA 

CHAMP ANAGAR Village in Bhagalpur district, Bengal. 

CHAMPANER. Town in Ajmere district, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Udaipur to Kishangarh, forty miles south of the latter. Lat. 26, 
long. 74 58'. 

CHAMPANER. A hill fort in Panch Mahals district (Guzerat), 
Bombay; situate on an isolated rock of great height. The fortifications 
inclose a space about three-quarters of a mile in length and three furlongs 
in breadth ; and within the inclosure are two forts, an upper and a lower. 
Lat. 22 31', long. 73 36'. 

CHAMP APOR. Town in Bogra district, Bengal; sixteen miles south- 
west of Bogra. Lat. 24 43', long. 89 9'. 

CHAMPAPTJR. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; twenty- one miles 
north-east of Bettia. Lat. 26 53', long. 84 54'. 

CHAMP ARAN. District of the Patna division, Bengal ; between lat. 
26 16' 27 30', and long. 83 55' 85 21'. Area, 3531 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 1,721,608. The capital is Motihari, lat. 26 39', long. 
84 58'. Champaran district is bounded on the north by Nepal State ; 
east by Muzaffarpur district ; south by Muzaffarpur and Saran districts ; 
and west by Gorakhpur district, N.W.P., and by Nepal State. The 
chief rivers are the Gandak, the Buri Gandak, and the Baghmati ; there 
are some hills called the Sumeswar range. The chief towns, besides 
Motihari, are Bettia and Bagaha. 

CHAMPARAN. Headquarters subdivision of district of same name. 
Area, 1518 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,017,556. 

CHAMP AW AT. Tahsil in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
76,895. 

CHAMP AWUT (KALI KEMAON). Town in Kumaun district, 
N.W.P. Elevation above the sea, 5467 feet. Distance north-west from 
Calcutta, by Lucknow and Pilibhit, 858 miles. Lat. 29 20', long. 
80 8'. 

CHAMPDANL Tillage in Hugli district, Bengal ; situated on the 
left bank of the Hugli river. 

CHAMRAJNAGAR. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
in Mysore State ; thirty-six miles south-east from Mysore. Lat. 11 56' 
15", long. 77. Pop. (1871), 4893. Area of taluk, 208 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1871), 93,611. 

CHAMRAULI. Town in Unao district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 3465. 

CHAMTANG. Town in Nepal State ; distant east from Khatmandu 
100 miles. Lat. 27 50', long. 86 53. 

CHAMUNDIBETTA. Hill in Mysore State. Lat. 12 17', long. 76 
44'. On the summit is a temple, while two-thirds of the way up is a 
huge figure of the sacred bull of Siva. 

CHANAR. Town, municipality, and ancient fortress (in tahsil of 
same name) in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the south bank of the 
Ganges; distant from Benares twenty-six miles south-west, from Mirzapur 
twenty miles east ; a station on the East Indian Railway. Lat. 25 7' 
30", long. 82 55' 1". Pop. (1881), 9148. Area of tahsil, 558 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 182,654. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 37,013. And 
than! Pop. (1881), 87,079. 

CHAN ASAM. Town in Baroda State. Lat. 23 43', long. 72 14' 
55". Pop. (1881), 7452. 



CHA 169 

CHAN AYAPALEM. Town in Nellore district, Madras ; on the route 
from Nellorse to Ongole, thirty-six mile north of the former. Lat. 14 
59', long. 80 6'. 

CHANCE ISLAND. One of the most southern islands of the Mergui 
Archipelago, British Burma. Lat. 9 24', long. 98 I'. 

CHANCHRA. Village in Jessor district, Bengal ; near Jessor Station, 
the residence of the Rajas of Chanchra or Jessor. Lat. 23 9', long. 89 
14' 45". 

CHANDA. District of the Nagpur division, Central Provinces, between 
lat. 19 31' 20 53', and long. 78 52' 80 59'. Bounded on the north 
by the Wardha, Xagpur, and Bhandara districts ; on the west by the 
Wardha river, and on the south-cast by Bastar State and Raipur district. 
Pop. (1881), 649,146. Area, 10,785 sq. miles. If the native states be 
included, the figures would be: Area, 23.847 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
845,394. The chief rivers are the Wardha and Wainganga (joining at 
Seoni to form the Pranhita), the Mahanadi, and Indravati. The greater 
portion of the district is hilly. The chief towns are Chanda, Warora, 
and Armori. Chanda is administered by a Deputy Commissioner and 
Assistants. 

CHANDA (CHANDAH). Capital of the Chanda district, Central 
Provinces ; at the junction of the Virai and the Jharpat, flowing into the 
"Wardha. Pop. (1881), 16,137. Chanda is distant from the city of 
Nagur, south, 85 miles; Haidarabad, north, 187; Madras, north, 480; 
Bombay, east, 430. Lat. 19 56' 30", long. 79 20' 30". 

CHANDA. Pargana of Sultanpur district, Oudh. Area, 130 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 76,790. 

CHANDA. Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Pithoragarh, and seventy miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 29, long. 80 5'. 

CHANDA. Town in Korea, State, Bengal ; twenty -one miles north 
from Korea, and fifty-three miles north-west from Sarguja. Lat. 23 24', 
long. 82 20'. 

CHANDA PERTABPUB,. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on 
the route from Jaunpur to Sultanpur, thirty-six miles north-west of the 
former, twenty south-east of the latter. Lat. 26 5', long. 82 18'. 

CHANDA TAL. Lake in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; distant from 
the town of Gorakhpur west, forty-three miles. Lat. 26 45', long. 
82 38'. 

CHANDALA. Chiefship in Chanda district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 17 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 675. 

CHANDALLEA. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Pokaran to Jodhpur, and thirty-four miles north-west of the latter. 
Lat. 26 35', long. 72 53'. 

CHANDAN. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal; forty- three miles 
south-west of Bhagalpur, ninety-five miles north-east of Hazaribagh. 
Lat. 24 39', long. 86 41'. 

CHANDAN. River of the Santal Parganas district, Bengal. It falls 
into the Ganges near Bhagalpur. 

CHANDANNAGAR (CHTJNDUNNUGGUR). Town in Cuttack 
district, Bengal j fifty-three miles east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 34', long. 



170 CHA 

CHANDANTTJR. Town in Gonda district, Oudh ; distant north from 
Faizabad seventy miles. Lat. 27 48', long. 82 3'. 

CHANDAOS. Town in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Muttra to Meerut, and forty-six miles north of the former. Lat. 28 5', 
long. 77 55'. 

CHANDAP. State in Mahi Kantha. Pop. (1881), 1384. The Chief 
pays a yearly tribute of 21 to the Maharaja of Edar, and of 7 to the 
Gaekwar of Baroda. 

CHANDARGUTI DRUG. See CHANDRAGTJTTI. 

CHANDARNAGAR (CHANDANNAGAR, CHANDERNAGORE). 
A French settlement, with a small adjoining territory, on the right bank 
of the river Hugli, and surrounded by the district of Hugh', Bengal. It 
is delightfully situate in the extremity of a recess of a beautiful reach of 
the river, the bank of which on this side is considerably more elevated 
than on that opposite. Lat. 22 51' 40", long. 88 24' 50". Area, about 
3 sq. miles. Pop. (1877), 22,539. There is a station here of the East 
Indian Railway, twenty-two miles from Calcutta. Chandarnagar was 
ceded to the French on 4th December, 1816. 

CHANDAULI. Subdivision of Benares district, N.W.P. ; on the 
right bank of the Ganges. Area, 418 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 240,698. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 41,861. 

CH AND AUR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; fourteen miles 
north of Gorakhpur. Lat. 26 54', long. 23 85'. 

CHANDAUSI. Town and municipality in Moradabad district, 
K.W.P. ; and station on the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway. Lat. 28 
27' 5", long. 78 49' 20". Pop. (1881), 27,521. Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 91,911. And pargana. Pop. (1881), 38,632. 

CHANDAUT. Thana in Hamirpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
11,352. 

CHANDAWTJL. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Nasirabad to Di'sa, and sixty-one miles south-west of the former. 
Lat. 26, long. 73 55'. 

CHANDBALI Town in Balasor district, Orissa, Bengal ; on the left 
bank of the Baitarani river. Lat. 20 46' 30", long. 86 47' 56". Also 
thana. Area, 194 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 51,926. 

CHANDEL. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 490. 

CHANDEORA. See CHANBSIRA. 

CHANDEPUR. Town in Balaghat district, Central Provinces; distant 
north-east from Mgpur 171 miles. Lat. 22, long. 81 40'. 

CHANDERGTJTIPUTNAM. Town in Haidarabad State; distant 
south from Haidarabad eighty-six miles. Lat. 16 10', long. 78 58'. 

CHANDERI. Town and ancient fortress in Gwalior State, Central 
India Agency. Lat. 24 42', long. 78 11'. 

CHANDERPUR. See CHANDRAPUR. 

CHANDGARH. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 
distant south-east from Indore sixty miles. Lat. 22 16', long. 
76 40'. 

CHANDHAIRI. See CHANDERI. 

CHANDIAH. Town in Rewah State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south-west from llewah seventy-two miles. Lat. 23 39', long. 80 47'. 



CHA 171 

CHANDINA. Thana in Tipperah district, Bengal. Area, 172 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 78,521. 

CHANDINA KOLLL Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; 
on the right bank of the river Indus, thirty-two miles south of the town 
of Dera Ismail Khan. Lat. 31 20', long. 70 49'. 

CHANDIPUR. Fort in Sultanpur district, Oudh ; situate on the 
right bank of the river Gogra, 40 miles south-east of Faizabad, 115 east 
of Lucknow. Lat. 26 33', long. 82 45'. 

CHANDIPUR. Village in Fatehpur district, 1ST.W.P. ; on the route 
from Cawnpore to the town of Fatehpur, and five miles north-west of the 
latter. Lat. 25 58', long. 80 46'. 

CHANDISTHAN. Temple in Monghyr district, Bengal ; in a village 
called Vikrarnchandi. 

CHANDITOLA. Thana in Hugli district, Bengal. Area, 72 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 84,387. 

CHANDITULLA. Town in Hugli district, Bengal ; ten miles north- 
west of Calcutta. Lat. 22 40 7 , long. 88 19'. 

CHANDKA. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank 
of the Ganges, seven miles higher up the stream than Chanar; 699 north- 
west of Calcutta by the river. Lat. 25 7', long. 82 48'. 

CHANDKAUTA. Town in Sholapur district, Bombay; fifty- two 
miles south of Sholapur, twenty-nine miles east of Bijapur. Lat. 16 56', 
long. 76 11'. 

CHANDKHALL Village in Jessor district, Bengal ; on the Kabadak 
river. Lat. 22 32', long. 89 17' 30". 

CHANDKOH (CHANDKO). State in Sind, Bombay; stretching 
along the right bank of the Indus, between lat. 26 40' 27 20', and 
long. 67 25' 68. It is intersected by the Narra, the great western 
offset of the Indus, and several other water-courses ; it is level, and ex- 
tensively flooded during the season of inundation. 

CHANDKOT. Pargana in Garhwal district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
23,403. 

CHANDLAH. Town in Banda district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Kalpi to Ajaigarh, seventy-seven miles south of the former. Lat. 25 4', 
long. 80 15'. 

CHANDLU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 336. 

CHANDNA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; eighty -two miles 
south-west from Jodhpur, and eighty miles north-east from Disa. Lat. 
25 11', long. 72 47. 

CHANDNAGAR. Village in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from the town of Moradabad to Meerut, and twenty-seven miles 
west of the former. Lat. 28 52', long. 78 27'. 

CHANDNIA. Village in Bogra district, Bengal. Lat. 25 I', long. 
89 23'. 

CHANDODE ( CH AND OD). Town and place of pilgrimage in Baroda 
State ; on the right bank of the river Narbada. Distant from Baroda, 
south-east, thirty miles. Lat. 21 58', long. 73 30'. 

CHANDORE (CHANDOR). Town (in subdivision of same name), 
with ancient fort, in Nasik district, Bombay ; on the route from Mhow to 
Ahmednagar, 215 miles south-west of the former, 148 north-east of the 
latter. Lat. 20 19' 40', long. 74 19'. Pop. (1872), 5662. 



172 CHA 

CHANDOS. Thana in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881). 
35,397. 

CHANDPUR. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; distant 
east from Bhopal forty -three miles. Lat. 23 24', long. 78 4'. 

CHANDPUR. Town in Bhandara district, Central Provinces ; distant 
north-east from Nagpur fifty-one miles. Lat. 21 31', long. 79 50'. 

CHANDPUR. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces; on the 
route from Sagar to Jabalpur, twenty miles south-east of former, sixty- 
five north-west of latter. Elevation above the sea, 1575 feet. Lat. 23 
36', long. 79 3'. 

CHANDPUR. Peak in Sfrmur State, Punjab; in the mountains 
between the Giri and Tons rivers, and about four miles from the right 
bank of the latter. Elevation above the sea, 8561 feet. Lat. 30 43', 
long. 77 43'. 

CHANDPUR. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; on 
the route from Gwalior fort to Sagar, 38 miles south-east of former, 162 
north-west of latter. It is situate on the left bank of the river Sindh. 
Lat. 25 51', long. 78 27'. 

CHANDPUR (CHANDANPUR). Village in Farrukhabad district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Bareilly to Fatehgarh, and six miles north- 
east of the latter. Lat. 27 27', long. 79 42'. 

CHANDPUR. Town in Noakhali district, Bengal ; thirty- two miles 
north-west of Bhullooah. Lat. 23 16', long. 90 39'. 

CHANDPUR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Bijnaur district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Moradabad to Muzaffarnagar, and forty-two 
miles north-west of the former place. Distant north-west from Calcutta 
930 miles. Lat. 29 8' 25", long. 78 18' 50". Area, 135 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 11,182. Area of tahsil, 305 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 123,679. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 61,532. 

CHANDPUR. Village in Midnapur district, Bengal ; near the mouth 
of the Hugli river. 

CHANDPUR. Subdivision in Tipperah district, Bengal. Area, 580 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 284,381. Also thana. Area, 207 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 112,034. 

CHANDRA. Pargana in Sitapur district, Oudh. Area, 129 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 34,874. 

CHANDRA DRONA. See BABA BUDA^. 

CHANDRA RIVER. Eiver of Kangra district, Punjab ; falling into 
the Chenab. 

CHANDRAGrHAT BERIKOT. Town in Nepal State; 242 miles 
north-west from Khatmandu, and 136 miles north from Lucknow. Lat. 
28 45', long. 81 31'. 

CHANDRAGIRI. Town (in taluk of same name) in North Arcot 
district, Madras. Lat. 13 35' 15", long. 79 21' 30". Pop. (1881), 
4193. Noteworthy as being the spot where, in 1640, the treaty was 
signed granting Fort St. George to the East India Company. Pop. of 
taluk (1871), 99,628. 

CHANDRAGIRI. River of South Kanara district, Madras; falling 
into the sea near Cassergode, in lat. 12 29', long. 75 1' 6". 

CHANDRAGUNA. Village in the Chittagong Hill Tracts district, 
Bengal ; on the river Karnaphuli. 



CHA 173 

CHANDRAGTJNDA. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant east from 
Haidarabad 144 miles. Lat. 17 24', long. 80 40'. 

CHANDRAGTJTTI. Town in Mysore State; distant north from 
Bednaur forty- four miles. Lat. 14 27', long. 75 1'. 

CHANDRAGTJTTI. Mountain in the Western Ghats, in Mysore 
State ; 2836 feet high. Lat. 14 27' long. 74 58' 25". On the summit 
there is a temple. 

CHANDRAKONA. See BABA BTJDAN. 

CHANDRAKONA. Town and municipality in Midnapur district, 
Bengal. Lat. 22 44' 20", long. 87 33' 20". Pop. (1881), 12,257. 
Also thana. Area, 121 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 87,971. 

CHANDRANAGAR. See CHANDARNAGAK. 

CHANDRANATH. Village in Chittagong district, Bengal; on the 
sacred hill of Sitakund. Lat. 22 37' 55", long. 91 43' 40". 

CHANDRAPUR. State in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 300 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 48,152. 

CHANDRAUTL Town in Benares district, N.W.P.; on the left bank 
of the Ganges, five miles south of the confluence of the Gumti, 648 miles 
north-west of Calcutta by water, sixteen north-east, or lower down the 
stream than the city of Benares. Lat. 25 29', long. 83 6'. 

CHANDRAWUL. River of Banda district, N.W.P. ; rises in lat. 25 
18', long. 79 53'; and falls into the river Ken on the left side, in lat. 
25 46', long. 80 29'. 

CHANDSIRA (CHANDEORA). Tillage in Jodhpur State, Eajpu- 
tana ; on the route from Balmer to the city of Jodhpur, and thirty-nine 
miles east of the former. It is situate on the southern boundary of the 
Little Desert, where it is terminated by the well-watered and fertile 
tract along the course of the river Loni. Lat. 25 52', long. 72 2'. 

CHANDSUMA. Town in Baroda State; distant south from Di'sa 
forty-five miles. Lat. 23 37', long. 72 4'. 

CHANDTIN. Village in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana; on the route 
from the town of Bikaner to Jaisalmir, and twenty-four miles north-east 
of the latter. Lat. 26 59', long. 71 20'. 

CHANDTJR. Town in Ellichpur district, Berar. Pop. (1867), 4205. 

CHANDTJR. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Amraoti district, 
Berar. Lat. 20 49', long. 78 1'. Station on the Great Indian Peninsula 
Railway. Area of subdivision, 855 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 171,611. 

CHANDTIRI A. Village in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal; 
on the east bank of the Ichhamati. Lat. 22 54' 45", long. 88 56' 45". 
Pop. (1872), 2850. 

CH AND WAD. Subdivision in Nasik district, Bombay. Area, 385 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 50,899. 

CHANDWAD. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Khandesh 
district, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 4892. 

CHANDWAK. Thana in Jaunpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,036. 

CHANDWAK. Village in Jaunpur district, N/W.P. ; on the route 
from Jaunpur to Ghazipur, twenty-three miles south-east of the former, 
thirty-seven west of the latter. Lat. 25 36', long. 82 59'. 

CHANDWAR. Town in the Bhopal State, Central India Agency; 
distant north-west from Bhopal twenty-six miles. Lat. 23 32', long. 77 9' 



174 CHA 

CHANENI. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; seventy-five miles 
south from Srinagar, and thirty miles north-east from Jammu. Lat. 33 
I 7 , long. 75 18'. 

CHANG BHAKAR. State in Chutia Nagpur, Bengal; between 
lat. 23 29' 23 55' 30", and long. 81 37' 82 23' 30". Area, 906 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 13,466. Bounded on the north, west, and south 
by Rewah State ; on the east by Korea State. 

CHANGAMAH. Town in South Arcot district, Madras; fifty-three 
miles south-west of Arcot, sixty-one miles north-east of Salem. Lat. 
12 19', long. 78 51'. 

CHANGO. A collection of four hamlets in Bashahr State, Punjab ; 
on the left bank of the Li, or river of Spiti. Lat. 31 58', long. 78 38'. 

CHANGRANG. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab; over a ridge dividing 
the valley of the Pejur from that of the Mulgun. Elevation above the 
sea, 9527 feet. Lat. 31 38', long. 78 25'. 

CHANGREZHING. Hamlet in Bashahr State, Punjab, near the 
Thibetan frontier ; three miles east of the left bank of the Li, or river of 
Spiti. Elevation above the sea, 12,500 feet. Lat. 32 3', long. 78 40'. 

CHANGSA KHAGO. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab, and Garhwal 
State, N.W.P. ; over a lofty range between Bashahr and Garhwal. Lat, 
31 14', long. 78 33'. 

CHANGSHIL (CHASHIL, CHANGSIL). Lofty ridge of mountains 
in Bashahr State, Punjab ; proceeding in a south-westerly direction from 
the Himalayan range, forming the southern boundary of Kunawar. It 
stretches about twenty miles, between lat. 30 56' 31 20', long. 77 55' 
78 12', and is traversed by numerous passes, having elevations of 
between 13,000 and 14,000 feet above the sea. 

CHANI SUPE. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Almora to Pithoragarh, eight miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
29 39', long. 79 48'. 

CHANIRGHAR. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Lucknow, 24 miles north-west of the former, 104 
south-east of the latter. Lat. 25 40', long. 81 35'. 

CHANIVADA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 460. 

CHANMTIHUN. See CHOMUA. 

CHANNAGIRI. Village and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
in Mysore State. Lat. 14 1', long. 75 59'. Pop. (1871), 3277. Area 
of taluk, 467 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 69,417. 

CHANNAIYANALKOTE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 
2594. 

CHANNAPATNA. Town in Mysore State ; forming with Sukravar- 
pet a municipality. Lat. 12 38', long. 77 13'. Pop. (1871), 7101. 

CHANNAPITRA. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881) 
respectively of 64 and 93. 

CHANPTJR. Pargana in Garhwal district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
35,489. 

CHANPTJR. Town in Nepal State ; distant south from Khatmandu 
109 miles. Lat. 26 52', long. 85 14'. 

CHANRAYPATNA. Village and municipality (in taluk of same 
name) in Mysore State. Lat. 12 54' 12", long. 76 25' 55". Pop. (1871), 
2676. Area of taluk, 454 SO A . miles. Pop. (1871), 78,163. 



CHA 175 

CHANSHULAPET. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-east 
from Haidarabad 145 miles. Lat. 19 5', long. 79 49'. 

CHANTAPILLL Tillage in Vizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 18 
4' 25", long. 83 42'. Pop. (1871), 810. JS T ear is the Chantapilli or 
Santapilly lighthouse. 

CHANWARPATHA. Tahsil in the Narsinhpur district, Central 
Provinces. Area, 269 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 52,145. 

CHAONL Town in Jhalawar State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 
20,303. 

CHAORAS. Village in Garhwal district, KW.P. ; on a feeder of the 
Tons, and distant about six miles from the right bank of that river. 
Elevation above the sea, 6568 feet. Lat. 31 2', long. 78 1'. 

CHAPA. Chiefship in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces. Area, 
120 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 23,819. 

CHAPADONE. River of Amherst district, British Burma ; rising in 
lat. 15 45', long. 98 10', and flowing generally in a south-westerly 
direction for forty miles, falls into the Bay of Bengal in lat. 15 33', 
long. 97 49'. 

CHAPAIRA. Town in Rajgarh State, Central India Agency; distant 
north-west from Narsinhgarh forty-four miles. Lat. 23 58', long. 76 28'. 

CHAPANER. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces ; on 
the right bank of the river Narbada, thirty miles south-west of Hoshang- 
abad. Lat. 22 33', long. 77 20'. 

CHAPORA. Town in the Portuguese territory of Goa ; on the sea- 
coast, twelve miles north-west of Goa. Lat. 15 36', long. 73 49'. 

CHAPRA. Town in Tonk State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 8040. 

CHAPRA. Thana in JSadiya district, Bengal. Area, 130 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 63,509. 

CHAPRA. See CHRIAKOT. 

CHAPRA. Capital town (in subdivision of same name) of Saran 
district, Bengal ; on the north bank of the Ganges. Lat. 25 46' 42", 
long. 84 46' 49". Pop. (1881), 51,670. Area of subdivision, 1361 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1872), 1,169,451. Also thana. Area, 302 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 256,007. 

CHAPRATJLL Village in Meerut district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 50' 15", 
long. 77 36' 30". Pop. (1881), 6115. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
57,538. And pargana. Pop. (1881), 39,709. 

CHARAMAI. Lake in Bashahr State, Punjab ; near the summit of 
the Barenda Pass, in lat. 31 23', long. 78 11', and at an elevation of 
13,839 feet. It gives rise to the river Pabur, whose stream immediately 
precipitates itself over a ledge of rock in a curve of a hundred feet, and 
is instantly buried in the snows piled along its rugged course for a mile, 
when it reappears, gliding in crystalline brightness under arching vaults 
of snow. Above the lake, upon a ridge, is a massive bed of snow, at 
least eighty feet in thickness, which topples over, and will eventually 
fall into it. 

CHARAPTTNJI. Station in the Khasi Hills district, Assam ; about 
thirty miles south of Shillong, and 4588 feet above sea-level. Lat. 25 
15' 58", long. 91 46' 42". Pop. (1872), 443. Chara Punji is said to 
have the heaviest rainfall in the world, averaging from 300 to 500 inches 
per annum. 



176 CHA 

CHARATILL Tillage in Etawah district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Kalpi to Etawah, and thirty-six miles south-east of the latter. Lat. 
26 29', long. 79 32'. 

CHARCHUT. See CH!DCHAT. 

CHARDA. Part of Bahraich district, Oudh. Area, 206 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 76,018. 

CHARDA. Town in Eahraich district, Oudh ; seventy-five miles 
north-east from Lucknow, and twenty- six miles north from Eahraich. 
Lat. 27 58', long. 81 41'. 

CHARD WAR. Part of Darrang district, Assam. Area, 1130 sq. 
miles. 

CHARGAON. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces ; eighty 
miles south-west of Jabalpur, seventy-six miles east of Hoshangabad. 
Lat. 22 40', long. 78 56'. 

CHARGAT. Thana in Rajshahi district, Bengal. Area, 189 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 126,433. 

CHARI. Town in Bhutan State ; distant north-east from Darjiling 
seventy-eight miles. Lat. 27 39', long. 89 23'. 

CH ARID AH A. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; sixteen miles north 
of Chapra, forty-four miles west of Muzaffarpur. Lat. 25 58', long. 
84 46'. 

CHARKA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Paying an annual tribute 
of 50 to the British Government, and of 4 to Junagarh. 

CHARKHARL State in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency; between 
lat. 25 21' 25 36', and long. 79 40' 79 58'. Area, 788 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 143,015. The Maharaja has a salute of 11 guns. 

CHARKHARL Capital of Charkhari State, Central India Agency ; 
situated on the route from Gwalior to Banda, forty-one miles south-west 
of the latter. Lat. 25 24', long. 79 47' 

CHARKOLLI. Town in Bakarganj district, Bengal ; twenty-three 
miles south-west of Bakarganj. Lat. 22 28', long. 90 

CHARMADL Pass in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 13 4' 
30", long. 75 27'. 

CHARRA. Village in Manbhum district, Bengal ; containing some 
very old Jain temples. Lat. 23 23', long. 86 27' 30". 

CHARRATTA. Town in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab; about 
twelve miles west of the Indus, and nine miles west of Dera Ghazi Khan. 
Pop. about 1000. Lat. 30 3', long. 70 42'. 

CHARSADA. Town on the Swat river, in Peshawar district, Punjab. 
Lat. 34 9', long. 71 46' 30". Pop. (1881), 8363. 

CHARSHUT. See CH!DCHAT. 

CHARTHAWAL. Town in Muzaffarnagar district, KW.P. Lat. 
29 32' 30", long. 77 38' 10". Pop. (1881), 5300. Also pargana. Pop. 
(1881), 39,489. 

CHARTING LAMA. Pass in Bnshahr State, Punjab ; on the north- 
eastern boundary of Kunawar, and on the route from Chang to Chang- 
rezhing, being about six miles from each. The pass is at the elevation of 
12,600 feet above the sea. Lat. 32 1', long. 78 38'. 

CHARTING PASS. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab ; traversing a 
mountain in the district of Kunawar. The crest of the pass has an 
elevation of 17,348 feet above the sea. Lat. 31 24', long. 78 35''. 



CHA 177 

CHAR WAH. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south-east from Indore eighty miles. Lat. 22 2', long. 76 56'. 

CHAS. Thana in Manbhum district, Bengal. Area, 237 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 89,173. 

CHASHAT. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 220 miles east from 
Srinagar, and 196 miles north -east from Simla. Lat. 33 35', long. 78 43'. 

CHASHIL PASS. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab; over the Changshil 
(Chashil) range, has an elevation of 12,870 feet. Lat. 31 13', long. 
78 3'. 

CHASMA. Town in Bannu district, Punjab ; four miles from the 
right bank of the Indus, eleven miles north-east of the town of Kalabagh. 
Lat. 33 7', long. 71 41'. 

CHASS. Village in Manbhum district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Bankura to Hazaribagh, seventy- one miles north-west of former, sixty- 
seven south-east of latter. Lat. 23 34', long. 86 12'. 

CHATA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Muttra district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 27 43', long. 77 32' 50". Area, 80 acres. Pop. (1881), 6014. 
Area of tahsil, 250 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 84,598, 

CHATARL Town in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Moradabad, and fourteen miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 28 6', long. 78 13'. 

CHATELI. Town in Suket State, Punjab ; ten miles south-west from 
Suket, and thirty-six miles north-west from Simla. Lat. 31 28', long. 
76 49'. 

CHATMAY. Village in Sandoway district, British Burma. About 
two miles from the shore are the small islands called North Eound Island 
and Eocky Island, three miles distant from each other. Lat. 18 50', 
long. 94 10'. 

CHATMOHAR. Thana in Pubna district, Bengal. Area, 211 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 133,467. 

CHATNA. Town in Nepal State; distant north-east from Khatmandu 
thirty miles. Lat. 27 58', long. 85 39'. 

CHATNA. Village in Bankura district, Bengal. Lat. 23 18' 30", 
long. 87 0' 20". 

CHATNAHALLL Town in Mysore State ; distant south-west from 
Seringapatam twenty miles. Lat. 12 12', long. 76 36'. 

CHATRA. Town and municipality in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. 
Lat. 24 12' 27", long. 84 55'. Pop. (1881), 11,900. Also thana. 
Area, 337 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 64,018. 

CHATRAIL. Village in Jaisalmir State, Eajputana ; on the route 
from Eohri in Sind to Jaisalmir, from which it is distant fifteen milee 
north-west. Lat. 26 58', long. 70 45'. 

CHATRAPTJR. See CHHATARPUR. 

CHATRAPUR. Town in Ganjam district, Madras. Lat. 19 21', 
long. 85 3'. Pop. (1871), 2018. 

CHATRO. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; eighty-nine miles west 
from Srinagar, and thirty-four miles north-east from Eawalpindi. Lat. 
34, long. 73 30'. 

CHATTTIR. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal ; on the right bank 
of the Damodar river, five miles south-east of Eamgarh. Lat 23 39', 
long. 85 36'. 

12 



178 CHA 

CHATTWAI (CHETWA). Town in Malabar district, Madras ; on an 
island or strip of land extending for twenty-seven miles, nearly from south- 
east to north-west, between lat. 10 9' 10 32', long. 76 6' 76 17', 
with a breadth varying from two to four miles. Lat. 10 32', long. 76 6'. 

CHATUH. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Muttra to Delhi, and twenty-two miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
27 43', long. 77 34'. 

CHAT1JR. Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras ; on the route from 
Tinnevelli to Madura, forty- seven miles north of the former. Lat. 9 21', 
long. 77 59'. 

CHAITBEPTJR. Thana in Cawnpore district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
15,278. Also thana in Benares district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 57,586. 

CHATJBEPITE,. Village in Benares district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Benares to Ghazipur, twelve miles north of the former, thirty-four 
south-west of the latter. Lat. 25 28', long. 83 5' '. 

CHATJBHAINSL Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
6986. 

CHATIBISA. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces ; on the 
left bank of the Narbada river, fifty-eight miles east of Jabalpur. Lat. 
23, long. 80 55'. 

CHATICHUK. Town in Montgomery district, Punjab ; situated on 
the left bank of the river Ravi, sixty miles south-west of Lahore. Lat. 
31, long. 73 28'. 

CHAUDANS. Part of Kumaun district, N.W.P. It is about twelve 
miles in length from north to south, and eight in breadth, and lies 
between lat. 29 37' 30 8', long. 80 37' 80 47' ; containing probably 
between eighty and ninety square miles of area, all consisting of lofty and 
steep mountains or rugged ravines, as it is situate among the summits of 
the main chain of the Himalaya. 

CHAUDENAHALLI Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 188. 

CHATJDHA. See CHODHON. 

CHATJDHERA. Village in Bulandshahr district, KAV.P. ; on the 
route from Aligarh to Moradabad, and eighteen miles north of the former. 
Lat. 28 9', long. 78 14'. 

CHAUD WAN. Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab; situated 
forty-nine miles south-west of Dera Ismail Khan, fifty-six miles north- 
west of the town of Leiah. Lat. 31 26', long. 70 14'. 

CHAUGACHHA. Village in Jessor district, Bengal ; on the Kabadak 
river. 

CHATJGARKHA. Pargana in Kumaun district, N. W.P. Pop. (1881), 
29,801. 

CHATJGHAT. Town in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 10 35', long. 
76 3' 51". Pop. (1871), 5457. 

CHAUGONG. Town in Kajshahi district, Bengal; sixteen mile? 
north-east of Nattor. Lat. 24 33', long. 89 12'. 

CHATIGUL. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; thirty-four miles 
north-west from Srinagar, and 111 miles north-east from Jhelum. Lat. 
34 23', long. 74 31'. 

CHAUHARL Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Rewah, and thirty-seven miles north-east of the former 
city. Lat. 25 9', long. 82 14'. 



CHA 179 

CHATJK. Thana in Lucknow district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 56,618. 

CHAUK KALAN. Thana in Patna district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
32,233. 

CHATJKA. "River of Kheri and Sitapur districts, Oudh ; called in its 
upper course the Sarda, falls into the Gogra at Bahramghat. 

CHATJKAD. See CHATTGHAT. 

CHATJKI. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces; distant 
north from Nagpur eighty-two miles. Lat. 22 12', long. 78 31'. 

CHAUKIDANGA. Mine in Bardwan district, Bengal. 

CHATTL. Town in Kolaba district, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 5355. 

CHAUL. See CHOWTJL. 

CHAUMAHLA. Pargana in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
54,231. 

CHATJMHAN. Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Muttra to Delhi, and thirteen miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
27 37', long. 77 39'. 

CHATJMIJH. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; eighteen miles north 
of the city of Jaipur. Lat. 27 12', long. 75 50'. 

CHATTNDIA. Tillage in Jodhpur State, Eajputana ; on the route 
from Jodhpur to A j mere, and thirty-six miles north-west of the latter. 
Lat. 26 34', long. 74 15'. 

CHATJNDTI. Town in Jhang district, Punjab ; on the left bank of the 
river Chenab, fifty miles south-west of the town of Bamnagar. Lat. 
31 55', long. 72 59'. 

CHAUNTERA Town in Bannu district, Punjab; twenty-six miles 
north-west of Kala Bagh, seventy miles south-west of the town of 
Peshawar. Lat. 33 4', long. 71 10'. 

CHAUPARRAH. Town in Seoni district. Central Provinces ; on the 
route from Jabalpur to Sagar, sixty-seven miles south of former, eighty- 
nine north of latter. It is situate on the north or left bank of the 
Wainganga. Lat. 22 24', long. 79 40'. 

CHAUPUKHIA. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; five miles 
east of Pithoragarh. Lat. 29 35', long. 80 20'. 

CHAUPTJR. Village in Budaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Moradabad, and thirty- seven miles north of the former. It is 
situate near the left bank of the Ganges. Lat. 28 20', long. 78 23'. 

CHATIR (THE). Mountain in Sirmur State, Punjab. Height 11,982 
feet. Lat. 30 52', long. 77 32'. 

CHAURA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 216. 

CHAURA. Thana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
47,266. 

CHAURADADAR. Part of Mandla district, Central Provinces ; 
a tableland more than 3200 feet above the sea. 

CHAURAGARH. Ancient fort (now in ruins) in Narsinhpur district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 22 46', long. 78 59'. 

CHAURAI. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces ; distant 
north from Nagpur sixty miles. Lat. 22 3', long. 79 16'. 

CHAURAR. See CHURA. 

CHATJRASL Pargana in Mi'rzapur district. N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
153,240. 



180 CHA CHE 

CHATJRASS. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh; thirteen miles 
west of the town of Partabgarh, eighty-five south-east of Lucknow. Lat. 
25 56', long. 81 47'. 

CHATJRIA. Chiefship in Balaghat district, Central Provinces. Area, 
25 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 526. 

CHATJSA. Village (giving name also to a branch of the Son Canal 
system) in Shahabad district, Bengal ; near the east bank of the Karam- 
nasa river. 

CHATJSALLA. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south from Jalna 
eighty miles. Lat. 18 42', long. 75 46'. 

CHAUSANA. - Thana in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
13,377. 

CHATJTHKA BTJRWARA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; sixty- 
five miles south-east from Jaipur, and twenty-two miles south-east from 
Tonk. Lat. 26 3', long. 76 19'. 

CHAWINDAH. Tillage in Sialkot district, Punjab. Lat. 32 20' 45", 
long. 74 45' 15". Pop. (1868), 5082. 

CHA WULP ATA. Town in Narsinhpur district, Central Provinces ; 
on the right bank of the Narbada river, sixty miles south-west of Damoh. 
Lat. 23 3', long. 79 4'. 

CHAYANAPIIR. Town in Nepal State ; distant south-east from 
Khatmandu fifty miles. Lat. 27 21', long. 85 59'. 

CHAYANPUR. Town in Nepal State; distant east from Khatmandu 
115 miles. Lat. 27 20', long. 87 3'. 

CHEBTI. Town in Banda district, N.W.P. ; fifty-six miles east of the 
town of Banda, forty-three west of Allahabad. Lat. 25 18', long. 81 1 1'. 

CHEDAMBRAM. See CHIDAMBARAM. 

CHEDING (CHADON, SADING). Tillage standing on a headland 
in Mergui district, British Burma. Lat. 11 23', long. 98 45'. 

CHEDTI. Station on the top of the Arakan Yoma mountains, on the 
road from Ramri to Independent Burma by the Talak Pass, distant 
north-east from Aeng fifty miles. Lat. 20 30', long. 94 24'. 

CHEDUBA. Island off the coast of Kyouk-hpyu district, British 
Burma; south-west of the island of Ramri. It was anciently called 
Inaon. It lies between lat. 18 40' 18 56' 30", and long. 93 30' 
93 47'. It is about twenty miles from north to south, and seventeen 
from east to west, and contains an area of about 120 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1877), 22,078. 

CHEDUBA (MAN-OTTNG). Town in Cheduba Island, Kyouk-hpyu 
British Burma. Pop. (1877), 1409. 

CHEHERTIT. Tillage in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Moradabad, and four miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 27 58', long. 78 9'. 

CHELAKERE. See CHALAKERE. 

CHELAVARA. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 574. 

CHELLAPALLL Town in Chengalpat district, Madras. Pop. (1881), 
5615. 

CHELLITMBRUM. See CHIDAMBARAM. 

CHELLTJR. Town in Godavari district, Madras; on the route from 
Rajamahendri to Coringa, nineteen miles east of the former. Lat. 16 50', 
long. 82 3'. 



CHE 181 

CHEMBEBELIYTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 
733. 

CHEMRA. Town in Bamra State, Central Provinces ; twenty-five 
miles east from Sambalpur, and thirty-five miles north-west from Bamra. 
Lat. 21 30', Ion*. 84 25'. 

CHENAB (CHENATJB). River of Kashmir State, and Sialkot, 
Gujrat, Gujranwala, and Jhang districts, Punjab ; rises in Lahoul, south 
of Ladakh, about lat. 32 48', long. 77 27'. It holds its course through 
the Ritanka Pass, which is 13,000 feet high. In the upper part of its 
course the river is called the Chandra. At Tandi it is joined by the 
Surajbhaga, a stream of less magnitude, running from the north ; and 
thenceforward the river is known by the name of the Chenab, and some- 
times of Chandra-Bhaga. The length of the streams contributing to its 
formation varies from forty miles in the case of the Surajbhaga to eighty- 
five in that of the Chandra-Bhaga. It takes a north-west course of about 
130 miles to Kishtawar, and there receives the Muruwurdwun, or Sinund, 
a considerable tributary from the north. The river thence proceeds south- 
west, by a very tortuous course, through a rugged country, to Riasi, a 
distance of about ninety miles, where it leaves the mountains, and flows 
into the lower ground of the Punjab. It is here about 200 yards wide, 
deep and tranquil, yet rapid. At Aknur, about fifty miles lower down, it 
becomes navigable, at least for timber-rafts, which are despatched from 
it down the Punjab. It continues a south-westerly course to "Wazirabad, 
about seventy miles lower down. From this point it holds a south-west 
course for about thirty miles, to Ramnagar. It thence pursues a south- 
west course for about 150 miles, to its confluence with the Jhelum, 
a little above the ferry of Timmu. The total length of the course of the 
river to this point is about 605 miles. Below the confluence with the 
Jhelum, the Chenab flows south-west for about fifty miles, to its con- 
fluence with the Ravi, a much smaller river, which joins it through three 
mouths, close to each other. 

CHENDAVOL. Town in Kistna district, Madras. Lat. 16 1', long. 
80 40'. Pop. (1871), 5567. 

CHENDIA Town and port in North Kanara district, Bombay. 

CHENDRAV ADAH. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant south-west 
from Aurangabad fourteen miles. Lat. 19 40', long. 75 17'. 

CHENDWAR. Mountain in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Height, 
2816 feet. Lat. 23 57' 15", long. 85 28' 30". 

CHENGALP AT. District in Madras; between lat. 12 13' 13 54', 
and long. 79 35' 80 23'. Area, 2842 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 981,381. 
Bounded on the north by Nellore district ; on the east by the sea ; on the 
south by South Arcot district ; and on the west by North Arcot district. 
The only hills are the Nagalapur range ; and the chief rivers are the 
Palar, Cortelliar, Narnaveram, Nagari, Adyar, and Cooum. The chief 
towns are Conjeveram, St. Thomas's Mount (a cantonment), Chengalpat, 
Saidapat, Tiruvalur, and Covelong. The South Indian and Madras 
Railways traverse the district. 

CHENGALPAT. Town (in taluk of same name) and capital 
of Chengalpat district, Madras. Lat. 12 42' 1", long. 80 1' 13". 
Pop. (1881), 5617. Area of taluk, 479 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 
132,328. 



182 CHE 

CHENGAMA. Pass between the Salem and South Arcot districts, 
Madras. Lat. 12 21' 12 23' 45', long. 78 50' 78 52' 45". 

CHENGBANG. Town in Manipur State, Bengal ; distant north-west 
from Manipur twenty-six miles. Lat. 25 5', long. 93 42'. 

CHENGUR. Town in Bhutan State; distant north from Goalpara 
eighty miles. Lat. 27 18', long. 90 31'. 

CHENNAGIRL See CHANNAGIRI. 

CHENNAPUTTEN ( CHIN AP AT AM). Town (with fort) in Mysore 
State; Chennaputten is distant north-west from Seringapatam thirty- 
eight miles. Lat. 12 40', long. 77 16'. 

CHENNUMPTTLLL Town in Bellary district, Madras ; forty-eight 
miles east of Bellary, forty-eight miles south-west of Karnul. Lat. 
15 19', long. 77 40'. 

CHENNUR. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras ; on the route from 
Cuddapah to Haidarabad, five miles north of the former. Lat. 14 33', 
long. 78 52'. 

CHEPAL. Fort in Jubbal State, Punjab; on a ledge of land pro- 
jecting from the south-eastern declivity of a mountain extending from 
the Chaur to the Wartu peak. Lat. 30 57', long. 77 39'. 

CHEP AUK. Part of Madras City. 

GHERA (KERALA). Ancient name of the southern division of 
Dravida, the present Madras Presidency. 

CHERAJOLI. Town in Darrang district, Assam ; on the route from 
Darrang to Bishnath, twenty- nine miles north-east of Darrang. Lat. 26 
40', long. 92 27'. 

CHERAKAL. Town (in taluk of same name) in Malabar district, 
Madras. Lat. 11 54', long. 75 29'. Pop. (1871), 7579. Pop. of 
taluk (1871), 257,377. 

CHERALA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 234. 

CHERAND. Village on the Ganges, in Saran district, Bengal. Lat. 
25 43' 41", long. 84 52' 10". 

CHERANDETTL Village in Cqorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 159. 

CHERANGALA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 595. 

CHERAT. Hill station in Peshawar district, Punjab. Lat. 33 50', 
long. 72 1' ; height, 4500 feet. 

CHERCHANPUR. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces; 
distant south-east from Nagpur 100 miles. Lat. 20 40', long. 80 39'. 

CHERGAON. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; on the right bank of 
the Pabur. Elevation above the sea, 5985 feet. Lat. 31 13', long. 77 56'. 

CHERGAON (THOLANG). Town in Bashahr State, Punjab ; near 
the right bank of the Sutlej, and on a small stream flowing into it. 
Elevation above the sea, 7300 feet. Lat. 31 31', long. 78 7'. 

CHERPALCHERI (CHERPELCHERRY). Town in Malabar district, 
Madras. Lat. 10 53', long. 76 22' 20". Pop. (1871), 4266. 

CHERRA. State in the Khasi Hills, Assam. Pop. (1872), 8060. 

CHERRA PUNJEE. See CHAKAPUNJI. 

CHETERAUN. Mountain in Sirmur State, Punjab; between the 
Tons and Giri, and about two miles from the left bank of the latter. 
Elevation above the sea, 7048 feet. Lat. 30 50', long. 77 24'. 

CHETGANJ. Thana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
28,456. 



CHE CHH 183 

CHETKTJL. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab; in the upper extremity 
of the valley of the Buspa, and on the right bank of the river of that 
name. Chetkul is at the elevation of 11,480 feet above the sea. Lat 
31 20', long. 78 31'. 

CHETPAT. Part of Madras town. 

CHETPOLL. Town in Coimbatore district, Madras; on the route 
from Dharapuram to Pollachi, eleven miles west of the former. Lat. 10 
43, long. 77 26'. 

CHETTAPORE. See CHATRAPTJR. 

CHETTERPUR. See CHATRAPUR. 

CHETTIPOLLIAM. Town in Coimbatore district, Madras; on the 
route from Coimbatore to Dindigal, nine miles south-east of the former. 
Lat. 10 55', long. 77 7'. 

CHETTULWANO. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; distant south- 
west from Jodhpur 140 miles. Lat. 24 53', long. 71 37'. 

CHETYAL Village in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 10 32', long 
76 5'. Pop. (1871), 8018. 

CHEYAIR. River in Cuddapah district, Madras; falls into the Pennar. 

CHEY AIR. River of North Arcot and Chengalpat districts, Madras; 
falls into the Palar in Chengalpat district, in lat. 12 45', long. 79 55'. 

CHHABRAMATJ. Part of Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. 

CHHAGALNAIA. Thana in Noakhali district, Bengal. Area, 131 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 109,278. 

CHHAGAN GOBR A. Village in Athgarh State, Orissa, Bengal. 
Lat. 20 34', long. 85 51'. 

CHH ALAPAK. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. 

CHHALIAR. State in the Rewa Kantha Agency, Bombay. Area, 
9 sq. miles. The chief pays a tribute of 340 per annum to the Gaekwar 
of Baroda. 

CHHANCHIA MIRG AN J. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. 

CHHANUYA. River (with port of same name at its mouth) in 
lialasor district, Orissa, Bengal. Lat. 21 32' 30", long. 87 6' 21". 

CHHAJLAIT. Thana in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,458. 

CHHAPIA. Thana in Basti district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 57,780. 

CHHATA. Tahsil in Muttra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 84,598. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 26,537. 

CHHATAK. Village in Sylhet district, Assam; thirty-five miles from 
Sylhet, on the left bank of the Surma. Lat. 25 2' 10", long. 91 42' 20". 

CHHATARPUR. State in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency; 
south of Hamirpur district, between lat. 24 21' 25 16', and long. 79 
37' 80 28'. Area, 1240 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 164,369. The 
Raja, who has a salute of 1 1 guns, maintains a force of 62 horse, and 
1178 infantry and police, with 32 guns and 38 gunners. 

CHHATARPUR. Chief town of the State of the same name, Bundel- 
khand, Central India Agency; in lat. 24 54', long. 79 38'. Pop. 
(1881), 13,474. 

CHHATARPUR. Thana in Lohardaga district, Bengal. Area, 364 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 36,591. 

CHHATER. Chiefship in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces. 
Pop. (1881), 3161. 



184 CHH 

CHHATISGARH. Division or Commissionership of the Central 
Provinces; comprising the Raipur, Bilaspur, and Sambalpur districts, 
q.v. Between lat. 20 1' 22 33' 30", and Jong. 80 28' 84 24'. 
The area of the division is 24,204 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3,115,997; 
if the Native States be included, the figures would be 39,761 and 
4,612,705. 

CHHATNAL Town in Eangpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
9501. 

CHHATTA. Thana in Agra district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 30,757. 

CHHATUA. Town in Champaran district, Bengal. Lat. 26 33' 30", 
long. 84 35' 30". Pop. (1872), 5402. 

CHH AUNL Thana in Basti district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 93,201. 

CHHIANAVE. Pargana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
72,345. 

CHHIBRAMATI. Part of Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. Area, 243 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 171,546. 

CHHIBRAMATJ. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Farrukhabad 
district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 7990. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 64,435. 
And pargana. Pop. (1881), 64,457. 

CHHINDWARA. District in the Narbada division, Central Provinces ; 
between lat. 21 28' 22 50', and long. 77 57' 79 87'. Bounded on 
the north and north-west by Narsinhpur and Hoshangabad, on the east 
by Seoni, on the south by JS"agpur, on the south-west by Berar, and on 
the west by Betul. Area, 3915 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 372,899. The 
chief hills are the Satpura range ; the chief river is the Kanhan. The 
towns are Chhindwara (the capital), Lodikhera, and Pandhurna. 
The district is administered by a Deputy Commissioner and Assistants. 

CHHINDWARA. Northern Revenue Subdivision or tahsil in the 
district of the same name, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 262,090. 
Area, 2827 sq. miles. 

CHHINDWARA. Town and capital of the Chhindwara district. 
Central Provinces. Lat. 22 3' 30", long. 78 59'. Pop. (1881), 
8220. 

CHHIPIA. Village in Gonda district, Oudh. Lat. 22 3' 30", long. 
78 59'. Contains a temple erected in honour of a celebrated Yishnuite 
religious reformer, to which pilgrims from all parts of India resort. 

CHHOLA. Mountain-range in the Himalayas, between Sikkim and 
Bhutan. 

CHHOTA BHAGIRATHL River of Maldah district, Bengal; branch 
of the Ganges. 

CHHOTA NAGPUR. See CHTJTI! NIGPUR. 

CHHOTA SINCHULA. Hill in the Sinchula range, Jalpaiguri 
district, Bengal. Elevation, 5695 feet above sea-level. 

CHHOTA UDAIPTIR. State (with capital of same name) in Rewa 
Kantha Agency, Bombay; between lat. 22 2' 22 32', and long. 73 47' 
74 20'. Bounded on the north by Bariya State, on the east by AH 
Raj pur State, on the south by the Sankheri Mewas States, and on the 
west by Baroda State. Area, about 873 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 71,218. 
The Chief, who is entitled to a salute of nine guns, maintains a force 
of 320 men. An annual tribute of 1050 is payable to the Gaekwar 
of Baroda. The capital is situate in lat. 22 20', long. 74 I'. 



CHH CHI 185 

CHHTTIKHADAN. See KONDKA. 

CHHTJBJ. State in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 16,088. Area, 320 sq. miles. 

CHIAPIIT. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 26 
55', long. 68 20'. 

CHIARAH. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; twenty-one miles 
south-west of Midnapur. Lat. 22 15', long. 87 6'. 

CHIBTJ. Pargana in Banda district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 74,622. 

CHICACOLE. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Ganjam District, Madras. Lat. 18 17' 25", long. 83 56' 25". Pop, 
(1881), 16,355. Pop. of taluk (1871), 169,094. 

CHICACOLE. River in Madras. See LANGULIY!. 

CHICHAKOTTA. Town in Bhutan State ; distant south-east from 
Darjiling eighty-one miles. Lat. 26 32', long. 89 30'. 

CHICHALL See MAIDANI. 

CHICHAWUTNL Town in Multan district, Punjab ; on the left 
bank of the Ravi river, seventy-two miles north-east of the town of 
Multan. Lat. 30 30', long. 72 39'. 

CHICHERATJLI. Town in Saharanpur district, Punjab; on the route 
from Saharanpur to Sabathu, and twenty-seven miles north-west of the 
former place. Distant north-west from Calcutta 981 miles. Lat. 30 15', 
long. 77 35'. 

CHICHERRI. Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal ; on the route 
from Palamau to Chaibasa, thirty miles south of the former. Lat. 23 
24', long. 84 12'. 

CHICHGARH. State in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 9954. Area, 237 sq. miles, 

CHICHOLI (SATJLIGARA). Town in Betul district, Central 
Provinces ; twenty-two miles north-west of Betul, fifty miles south of 
Hoshangabad. Lat. 22 1'. long. 77 40'. 

CHICKA MALLINHTJLLL Town in Mysore State ; distant north 
from Chitaldrug twenty-one miles. Lat. 14 32', long. 76 34'. 

CHICKLL See CHIKHLI. 

CHICKLI (CHIKHLI). Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north- 
east from Jalna forty -two 'miles. Lat. 20 19', long. 76 20'. 

CHICKMTJGLUR. See CHIKMAGALTJB. 

CHICKNAIGHTJLLI (CHICA NAYAKANA HULLI, CHIKNAYA- 
KANHALLI). Town (in taluk of same name) in Mysore State ; distant 
from Bangalore, north-west, seventy-three miles ; from Seringapatam, 
north, sixty-nine miles. Lat. 13 25', long. 76 41'. Pop. (1871), 4504. 
Area of taluk, 455 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 56,882. 

CHICKRAULL See CHICHEKAULI. 

CHICLI. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 388. 

CHIDAMBARAM. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
in South Arcot district, Madras. Lat. 11 24' 9", long. 79 44' 7". Pop. 
(1881), 19,837. Chidambaram is held in the highest veneration for its 
temples, which are esteemed the most perfect specimens of artistic 
building in Southern India. In December a great fair is held, attended 
by upwards of 80,000 pilgrims and traders. Area of taluk, 393 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1871), 239,133. 



186 CHI 

CHIHTJN. Town in Tanna (Thana) district, Bombay; on the sea-coast, 
sixty-three miles north of Bombay. Lat. 19 53', long. 72 43'. 

CHIK DEVARAJ SAGrAR. See CHUNCHANKATTE. 

CHIKAKOL. See CHICACOLE. 

CHIKALDA. Village in Ellichpur district, Berar. Lat. 21 24', 
long. 77 22' ; 3777 feet above sea-level. 

CHIKATI. State (with capital of same name) in Ganjam district, 
Madras. Pop. (1871), 40,684. 

CHIKBALLAPTJR. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
in Mysore State. Lat. 13 26' 10", long. 77 46' 21". Pop. (1871), 
9882. Area of taluk, 379 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 69,177. 

CHIKHLL State in Khandesh district, Bombay. Pop. (1875) about 
701. 

CHIKHLI. Taluk in Baldana district, Central Provinces. Area, 
1009 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 140,011. 

CHIKIGARH. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; distant 
east from Bhopal forty-eight miles. Lat. 23 5', long. 78 8'. 

CHIKKAALAVARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 37. 

CHIKKABANDARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 233. 

CHIKKABBTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 63. 

CHIKKABETTAKERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 
189. 

CHIKKAKOLATTTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 116. 

CHIKKAKTJND A. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 77. 

CHIKKAMUNDUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 429. 

CHIKKANAGALA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 23. 

CHIKKANAYAKANHOSALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. 
(1881), 52. 

CHIKKARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 16. 

CHIKKATELLUR Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 170. 

CHIKKATTUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 84. 

CHIKLI. Chiefship in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Area, 
four sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1237. 

CHIKLI. Subdivision in Surat district, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 60,147. 

CHIKLI. See CHIKHLI. 

CHIKMAGALUR. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
m Mysore State. Lat. 13 18' 15", long 75 49' 20". Pop. (1871), 
2027. Area of taluk, 412 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 110,105. 

CHIKNAYAKANHALLL See CHICKNAIGHULLI, 

CHIKORI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Belgaum district, 
Bombay. Lat. 16 26', long. 74 38'. Pop. (1872), 6184. Area of sub- 
division, 840 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 245,614. 

CHIKTIABAR. State in Central India Agency. Pop. (1881), 415. 

CHIKULDI. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south from Bhopal thirty three miles. Lat. 22 47', long. 77 20'. 

CHIKULWAHUL. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay; on the 
route from Nasik to Dhulia, twenty-two miles south-west of the latter. 
Lat. 20 35', long. 74 36'. 

CHILA. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Jaisalmi'r to Nasirabad, and 184 miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 27 
2', long. 72 35'. 



CHI 187 

CHILAKTJLLNERP. Town in Mysore State ; distant north-east from 
Bangalore fifty-eight miles. Lat. 13 38', long. 78 8'. 

CHILBULA. Tillage in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Rewah, and thirty-six miles south-east of the former 
city. Lat. 25 10', long. 82 11'. 

CHILHIA. Thana in Basti district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 98,742. 

CHILIANWALA. Village in Guzerat district, Punjab. Lat. 32 
39' 46", long. 73 38' 52"; the site of a battle (13 January, 1849) in the 
Second Sikh War. 

CHILKA. An extensive lake dividing the district of Ganjam, in 
Madras, from that of Pun', in Bengal. It is forty-four miles in length 
from north-east to south-west, and fifteen in breadth, and bounded 
towards the east and south by a narrow strip of sand, and on the north- 
west by the mountains which extend from the Mahanadi to the Godavari ; 
it receives the waters of one branch of the Mahanadi, and communicates 
with the sea by a very narrow and deep outlet, in lat. 19 42', long. 85 40'. 
The lake is studded with several islands, and its waters are salt and shallow. 

CHILKALURPADU. Town in Kistna district, Madras ; twenty-three 
miles south-west of Gantur, forty-one miles north of Ongole. Lat. 16 
6', long. 80 13'. 

CHILKANA. Town (ruined) in Saharanpur district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Saharanpur to Sadhaura, and ten miles north-west of the 
former. Distant north-west from Calcutta, 1000 miles. Lat. 30 5', 
long. 77 32'. 

CHILKANA. Thana in Saharanpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
39,183. 

CHILKATJUI. Town in Sunth State, Eewa Kantha Agency, Bombay ; 
distant from Ahmedabad, north-east, ninety-seven miles. Lat. 23 20', 
long. 74 2'. 

CHILKIA. Town in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the northern 
frontier towards Kumaun, situate in the Dikkali Pass, or gorge by which 
the river Kosila flows to the plain. Elevation above the sea, 1076 feet. 
Lat. 29 21', long. 79 10'. 

CHILKIA. Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 314. 

CHILKORE. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal ; on the route from. 
Bhagalpur to Calcutta, fourteen miles south of the former. Lat. 25, 
long. 86 57'. 

CHILLAHTARA. Town in Banda district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Fatehpur to Banda, and twenty-two miles north-west of the latter. 
It is situate on the right bank of the Jumna, here crossed by ferry. The 
river Ken empties itself into the Jumna on the right side, immediately 
above the town. Distant north-west from Allahabad, 105 miles, from 
Calcutta, 600. Lat. 25 47', long. 80 36'. 

CHILL AKAR. Town in Nellore district, Madras ; on the route from 
Madras to Nellore, twenty-one miles south west of the latter. Lat. 14 
8', long. 79 55'. 

CHILLAPAR. Pargana in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
70,272. 

CHILLERA (CHTJLERA). Tillage in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Aligarh to Delhi, and twelve miles south-east of the 
ktter. Lat. 28 34', long. 77 24'. 



188 CHI 

CHILLI AN WALL A. See CHILIA'NWA'LA. 

CHILLI! CHUNGL Town in Rawalpindi district, Punjab; on the 
route from Jhelum to Attock, eight miles west of the town of Eawalpindi. 
Lat. 23 40', long. 72 54'. 

CHILMABJ. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal ; thirty-six miles 
south-east of the town of Rangpur. It is situate on the right or west 
bank of the Brahmaputra. Lat. 25 27' 20", long. 89 48' 50". 

CHIM ALL Village in Garhwal State, KW.P. ; on the right bank of 
the Bhagirathi. Elevation above the sea, 2942 feet. Lat. 30 34', long. 
78 23'. 

CHI MARL Town in Ahmedabad district, Bombay; on the route 
from Disa to Rajkot, forty miles north west of Ahmedabad. Lat. 23 19', 
long. 72 4'. 

CHIMMAPUDI. ToAvn in Haidarabad State, distant east from 
Haidarabad, 116 miles. Lat. 17 22', long. 80 18'. 

CHIMP A. Town in Bhutan State; distant north-east from Darj fling 
eighty miles. Lat. 27 36', long. 89 26'. 

CHIMTJLGA. Town in Sholapur district, Bombay ; on the left bank of 
the Kistna river, thirty miles south of Bijapur. Lat. 16 22', long. 75 54'. 

CHIMUR. Town (in pargana of same name) in Chanda district, 
Central Provinces ; distant south from Nagpur forty-nine miles. Lat. 
20 30', long. 79 29'. Area of pargana, 416 sq. miles. 

CHIN AMMAPETTA. Town in Kistna district, Madras; twenty- 
nine miles north of Ellore, sixty miles west of Rajamahendri. Lat. 
17 3', long. 80 57'. 

CHINA BUKIR. The name given to one of the rivers forming the delta 
of the Irawadi ; it falls into the Bay of Bengal in lat. 16 19', long. 96 10'. 

CHINAB. See CHENAB. 

CHIN ALGARH. Village in Si'rmur State, Punjab ; on the summit of 
a rock overhanging a feeder of the river Jalal. Lat. 30 42', long. 77 16'. 

CHIN AMANDEM. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras. Lat. 13 
56', long. 78 44'. Pop. (1871), 5574. 

CHINAT CHOKL Village in Lucknow district, Oudh ; on the route 
from Gorakhpur to Lucknow, seven miles east of the latter. Lat. 26 53', 
long. 81 2'. 

CHINCHIMTJLLA. Part of Banaganapalli, Madras ; q.v. 

CHINCHINIM. Village in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 8351. 

CHINCHLI. Town in Bel gaum district, Bombay; on the right bank 
of the river Kistna, fifty- two miles north-east of Belgaum. Lat. 16 34', 
long. 74 53'. 

CHINCHLI. See DANG STATES. 

CHINDGUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; north-east from Haidarabad 
150 miles. Lat. 18 33', long. 80 26'. 

CHINDWARA. See CHHINDWARA. 

CHINEANI. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; on the southern slope 
of the Himalaya. It is situate on a feeder of the Chenab. Chineani is 
in lat. 33 5', long. 75 22'. 

CHINEPUR. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; distant 
south-east from Bhopal fifty-two miles. Lat. 23 3', long. 78 12'. 

CHINGLEPUT. See CHENGALPAT. 



CHI 189 

CHINGONGr. Town in Jhansi district, N.W.P.; nineteen miles south- 
east from Jhansi, and sixty miles south-east from Gwalior. Lat. 25 34', 
long. 78 54'. 

CHINI. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; about a mile from the 
right bank of the Sutlej. It is situate in a slight depression on the 
southern slope of a lofty mountain, down which numerous rills flow 
and, watering the soil, discharge themselves into the Sutlej, which runs 
about 1500 feet below the village. Elevation above the sea, 9085 feet. 
Lat. 31 31', long. 78 19'. 

CHINIALL See CHIM!LT. 

CHINIOT. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Jhang district, Punjab. Lat. 31 43' 32", long. 73 0' 59". Pop. 
(1881), 10,731. Area of tahsil, 2149 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
128,241. 

CHINNA HURRI. River of Mysore State and Bellary district, 
Madras ; flows in a north-easterly direction through Mysore and Bellary, 
and falls into the Haggari, a feeder of the Tungabhadra, in lat. 14 56', 
long. 77 7'. 

CHINNA SALEM. Town in South Arcot district, Madras ; on the 
route from Salem to Cuddalore, fifty miles east of the former. Lat. 
11 39', long. 78 56'. 

CHINNAMALAIPTJR. Hill in Ganjam district, Madras. Lat. 18 
40', long. 84 6'. 1615 feet high. 

CHINNENAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. 

CHINNUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant from Haidarabad, 
north-east, 136 miles; Madras, north, 410. Lat. 18 55', long. 
79 47' 

CHINRAIAN DRUG. Town in Mysore State; distant north from 
Bangalore fifty miles. Lat. 13 36', long. 77 16'. 

CHINRAIPATAM. Town in Mysore State; distant from Seringa- 
patam, north-west, thirty-eight miles. Lat. 12 54', long. 76 27'. 

CHINSDA. Village in Nagar Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 405. 

CHINSPARA. Village in Nagar- Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 257. 

CHINSURA (CHINSURAH). Town in Hugh' district, Bengal; on 
the right bank of the river Hugh'. Chinsura is included within the Hugli 
municipality, the joint population (1881) being 81,177. It was ceded by 
the Dutch in 1825. Distance from Calcutta, north, twenty miles. 
Lat. 22 53', long. 88 23'. 

CHINTADRAPET. Part of Madras City. 

CHINTAKUNTA. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras; on the route 
from Cuddapah to Bellary, thirty-six miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 14 42', long. 78 24'. 

CHINTALAPUDY. Town in Kistna district, Madras ; on the route 
from Ellore to Kummummett, twenty-three miles north of the former. 
Lat. 17 4', long. 81 5'. 

CHINTALNAR. State in Bastar State, Central Provinces. Area, 
480 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 9065. 

CHINTAMAN. Thana in Dinajpur district, Bengal. Area, 160 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 52,058. 



190 CHI 

CHINTAMANI-PET (CHINTOMNIPETT). Town in Mysore State ; 
distant north-east from Bangalore forty- three miles. Lat. 13 24' 20", 
Ion?. 78 5' 45". Pop. (1871), 4208. 

CHINTAMTJN. Town in Dinajpur district, Bengal; on the route 
from Dinajpur to Bogra, twenty-one miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
25 22', long. 88 56'. 

CHINTAPILLI. Town in Kistna district, Madras ; on the right 
bank of the Kistna, thirty-five miles north-west of Gantur. Lat. 16 43', 
long. 80 11'. 

CHINTOLL Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north from Mudgul 
forty-nine miles. Lat. 16 42', long. 76 32'. 

CHINTOMNIPETT. See CHINTAMANI-PET. 

CHINTPUKNI. Mountains in Hoshiarpur district, Punjab. 

CHIOMOK. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; eighty-eight miles 
south-west from Srinagar, and twenty- eight miles north-east from Jhelum. 
Lat. 33 20', long. 73 50'. 

CHIPLUN. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Ratnagiri 
district, Bombay; on the route from Kolhapur to Bombay, 108 miles 
south-east of the latter. Pop. (1881), 12,065. Lat. 17 31' 25", 
long. 73 33' 50". Area of subdivision, 670 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
168,921. 

CHIPTIRAPILLE (CHIPTIRUPALLE). Town (in taluk of same 
name) in Yizagapatam district, Madras; on the coast of the Bay of 
Bengal, sixteen miles south-west of Vizagapatam. Lat. 17 34', long. 
83 10'. Pop. of taluk (1871), 204,382. 

CHIRAIDTJNGORI. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces; 
fifty-eight miles south-east of Jabalpur, fifty-eight north-east of Seoni. 
Lat. 22 25', long. 80 28'. 

CHIRAKA. Town in Cutch State, Bombay ; distant north-west from 
Bhuj twenty-seven miles. Lat. 23 30', long. 69 25'. 

CHIRANG DWAR. Part of the Eastern Dwars, in Goalpara district, 
Assam. Area, 495 sq. miles. Pop. (1870), 756 

CHIRAWA. Town in Jaipur State Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 5489. 

CHIRELA. Town in Kistna district, Madras, Lat. 16 58' 20", 
long. 80 4' 10". Pop. (1881), 9061. 

CHIRGONG (CHURGAON, CHIRGAON). Town in Jhansi district, 
$\W.P. ; on the route from Kalpi to Guna, 81 miles south-west of the 
former, and 124 north-east of the latter. Lat. 25 35', long. 78 52'. 
Pop. (1872), 3355. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 25,983. 

CHIRIAKOT. Pargana in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,557. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 78,940. 

CHIRING. Village (and small fort) in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; on 
the right bank of the Pindur, a considerable feeder of the Alaknanda, 
forty miles north-west of Almora fort, thirty-nine east of Srinagar. Lat. 
30 7', long. 79 28'. 

CHIRKANWAN. Town in Patna district, Bengal; twenty- three 
miles west of Gaya, nineteen miles north-west of Sherghati. Lat. 24 
49', long. 84 41'. 

CHIRKHARL See CHABKHABI. 

CHIRNER. Town in Tanna district, Bombay. 

CHIRRA PUNJL See Onia Annul. 



CHI 191 

CHIRTATTL. Town in Muzaffarnagar district, K"W.P. Lat. 29 33', 
Ion?. 77 39'. 

CHIRTRORL Town in Cutch State, Bombay; distant east from 
Bhuj fifty-eight miles. Lat. 23 25', long. 70 36'. 

CHIRTJNG. Town in Bhutan State ; distant east from Darjiling, 100 
miles. Lat. 26 57', long. 83 56'. 

CHIRWAKKUM. Town in South Arcot district, Madras; on the 
route from Trichinopoli to Arcot, fifty-two miles north of the former. 
Lat. 11 32', long. 79 3'. 

CHIT. Town in Agra district, N.W.P. ; seventeen miles south-west 
of the city of Agra. Lat. 26 59', long. 77 54'. 

CHIT (BARAGAON). Town in Ghazi'pur district, KW.P. Lat. 25 
45' 4", long. 84 2' 39". Pop. (1881), 10,847. 

CHITA REWA. River of Chhindwara and Narsinhpur districts, 
Central Provinces, falling into the Shakar. 

CHIT ALDRUG. District of the Nagar division, Mysore. Lat. 13 
35'_15 2', and long. 75 43' 77 30. Area, 4871 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 376,310. 

CHITALDRTIG. Town (in taluk of same name) in Mysore State; 
126 miles north-west of Bangalore. Lat. 14 14', long. 76 26'. Pop. 
(1871), 5812. Area of taluk, 663 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 80,777. 

CHITALMARI. Village in Jessor district, Bengal ; on the river 
Madhumati. The site of an annual fair held at the end of March, lasting 
six days, and attended hy about 4000 people daily. 

CHITANG. River of Umballa and Karnal districts, Punjab; is 
diverted into the Hissar branch of the Western Jumna Canal. 

CHIT APTJR. Town in Hardoi district, Oudh ; fifty-two miles north 
from Lucknow, and sixty-nine miles east from Fatehgarh. Lat. 27 35', 
Ion?. 80 45'. 

CHITARKOT (CHITRAKOTE, CHATARKOT). Town in Banda 
district, N.W.P. ; pilgrimage resort on the river Paisuni, fifty miles 
south-east of the town of Banda. Lat. 25 12', long. 80 47'. There 
are two fairs held annually in this town, at which upwards of 15,000 
persons are present. 

CHITARTALA. River 42i miles in length, of Cuttack district, Orissa, 
Bengal; branch of the Mahanadi, falling again into the Mahanadi 
estuary. 

CHITEA. Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Sitapur, and thirty-seven miles south-east of the former. 
Lat. 28 11', long. 80 1'. 

CHITIALLA. Town in Haidarabad State; distant south-east from 
Haidarabad eighty miles. Lat. 16 38', long. 79 30'. 

CHITKARA.- Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 16. 

CHITMAPUR. Village in Mainpuri district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Mainpuri, and twenty miles north-west of the latter. 
Lat. 27 24', long. 78 52'. 

CHITOR. Town in Cochin State, Madras ; distant from Cochin, north- 
east, sixty- two miles. Lat. 10 43', long. 76 48'. 

CHITOR. Town in TJdaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 6931. 

CHITPORE. Suburb of Calcutta, Bengal. Area, 1011 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 17,524. 



192 CHI 

CHITRA. River of Jessor district, Bengal. It is scarcely navigable 
for the greater part of the year. 

CHITRAKOTE. See CHITAHKOT. 

CHITRAKIJTAM. Town in Jaipur State, Madras; distant twenty- 
five miles south from Jaipur, and eighty miles north-west from Yizianu- 
gram. Lat. 18 40', long. 82 24'. 

CHITRAV ATI. River of Mysore State, and Bellary and Cuddapah 
districts, Madras. 

CHITR AW AO. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Pays tribute of 49 to 
the Gaekwar of Baroda, and about 4 to Junagarh. 

CHITEIYA. Town in Nepal State ; distant east from Khatmandu, 
101 miles. Lat. 27 32', long. 86 56'. 

CHITTA. Tillage in Jaunsar district, KW.P. ; in the hilly tract 
on the right of the Jumna, and four miles west of that river. Lat. 30 
37', long. 78 2'. 

CHITTAGONG. Division of Bengal; containing the districts of 
Chittagong, Noakhali, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Area, 12,118 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3,574,048. 

CHITTAGONG. District of the Chittagong division, Bengal ; between 
lat. 20 45' 22 59', and long. 91 30' 92 25'. Area, 2567 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 1,132,341. Bounded on the north-west and north by the 
Pheni river ; on the east by the Chittagong Hill Tracts and British 
Burma ; on the south by the Naf river ; and on the west by the sea. The 
chief rivers are the Karnaphuli and the Sangu ; there are several hill- 
ranges, of which that of Sitakund is the most important. The chief 
towns are Chittagong and Cox's Bazar. 

CHITTAGONG. Subdivision (in district of same name) in Bengal; 
between lat. 21 50' 22 59', and long. 91 30' 92 14' 45". Area, 
1630 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 970,993. Also thana. Area, 53 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 75,152. 

CHITTAGONG (ISLAMABAD) The capital of Chittagong district, 
Bengal; an important port, in lat. 22 21' 3", long. 91 52' 44". Pop. 
(1881), 20,969. Situated on the Karnaphuli river, about twelve miles 
from its mouth. Formerly a place of considerable trade, having been 
named in consequence by the Portuguese " Porto Grando." 

CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS. District in the Chittagong Division, 
Bengal ; between lat. 21 13' 23 47', and long. 91 46' 92 49'. Area, 
5419 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 101,597. Bounded on the north by Hill 
Tipperah State, on the east by wild hill-ranges, on the west by Chittagong 
district, and on the south by British Burma. The chief rivers of the 
district are the Pheni, the Karnaphuli, the Sangu, and the Matamuri ; 
the chief mountains are the Tyambang and the Basitang ranges. The 
largest towns are Rangamati, the capital, and Bandarban. During 
recent years there have been numerous serious raids in this locality, 
some of which necessitated the despatch of punitive military expe- 
ditions. 

CHITTA PAHAR. Mountains in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. 

CHITTAIR. See CHITRIVATI. 

CHITTAPET. Town in South Arcot district, Madras ; on the route 
from Arcot to Cuddalore, thirty miles south of the former. Lat. 12 30', 
long. 79 25'. 



CHI CHO 193 

CHITT AVAIL. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras; situate forty 
miles south-east from Cuddapah, forty-six miles south-west of Nellore. 
Lat. 14 10', long. 79 24'. 

CHITTIVALASA. Town in Vizagapatam district, Madras ; lat. 
17 56' 20", long. 83 29' 30". Pop. (1871), 1477. Contains a large 
jute factory. 

CHITTIVALASA (BIMLIPATAM). River, _ fifty-eight miles in 
length, in Vizagapatam district, Madras; rising in lat. 18 16', long. 
83 6', falling into the sea at Bimlipatam. 

CHITTLEDRITG. See CHITALDRTTG. 

CHITTOR (CHITTORGARH). Town, with ancient fortress of great 
renown, in Udaipur State, Rajputana; it contains several Hindu temples, 
amongst the number the celebrated " Pillar of Victory," erected in 1439, 
to commemorate a victory gained over the combined armies of Malwa 
and Guzerat, by Rana Kumbo, who reigned in Me war from 1418 to 1468. 
Distance direct from Nimach, north-west, 30 miles ; Nasirabad, south, 
100; Agra, south-west, 270; Mhow, north-west, 175. Lat. 24 52', 
long. 74 41'. 

CHITTRA. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal ; distant from 
Hazaribagh, north-west, thirty-two miles ; from Calcutta, north-west, 
by Hazaribagh, 250. Lat. 24 13', long. 84 57'. 

CHITTRAVUTTI. See CHITBAVATI. 

CHITTUNG. See CHITANG. 

CHITTUR. See CHITOE. 

CHITTUR. Town (in taluk of same name) in North Arcot district, 
Madras. Lat. 13 13' 20", long. 79 8' 10". Pop. (1881), 5809. Pop. 
of taluk (1871), 213,045. 

CHITTUR. Town in Cochin State, Madras. Lat. 10 42' 30", long. 
76 44'. Pop. (1875), 11,103. 

CHITUL. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay; distant from Ahmedabad, 
south-west, 130 miles; Bombay, north-west, 220. Lat. 21 44', long. 
71 14'. 

CHITWADL Town in Bellary district, Madras. Lat. 15 17', long. 
76 47' 16". Pop. (1871), 3116. 

CHITW AIL. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras. Lat. 14 10' 30", 
long. 79 24' 29". Pop. (1871), 3447. 

CHOBALINGAPURAM. Town in Madura district, Madras ; twenty- 
nine miles south of Madura, fifty-one miles west of Ramnad. Lat. 9 30', 
long. 78 9'. 

CHOBANA. Town in Jhang district, Punjab ; thirty miles south east 
of Leiah, thirty-four miles north of the town of Multan. Lat. 30 45', 
long. 71 30'. 

CHOBARI. State in North Kathiawar, Bombay. Paying an annual 
tribute of 15 to the British Government, and 4 10$. to Junagarh. 

CHOBI-KE- SERAI. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Allahabad to Fatehpur, and twenty-six miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 25 50', long. 61 10'. 

CHOBIPUR. Town in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Cawnpore to Fatehgarh, and sixteen miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 26 37', loug. 80 15'. 

CHOCHUKPUR. Village in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. ; on the left 

13 



194 CHO 

bank of the Ganges, twenty- six miles south-west of Ghazipur by water, 
ten by land ; 625 north-west of Calcutta by water. Lat. 25 30', long. 
83 23': 

CHODHON. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from the town of Jodhpur to A j mere, and twenty-seven east of the 
former. Lat. 26 19', long. 73 33'. 

CHOGDA. See CH^GDAH. 

CHOHAGAON. Town in Nepal State ; distant south-west from 
Khatmandu twenty miles. Lat. 27 34', long. 85 1'. 

CHOILNA. Town in Baroda State, situated in Kathi'awar ; distant 
south from Rajkot ninety miles. Lat. 21 2', long. 70 40'. 

CHOK. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Paying a yearly tribute of 39 
to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and 2 6s. to Junagarh. Area, 103 sq. miles. 

CHOKA. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces ; twenty miles 
south-west from Sagar, forty-five miles north-east of Bhilsa. Lat. 
23 40', long. 78 31'. 

CHOKAHATU. Village in Lohardaga district, Bengal. The word 
Chokahatu means " Place of Mourning," a name given to this spot from 
the large burial-ground of seven acres which it contains. 

CHOKAMPATTL State in Tinnevelli district, Madras ; between lat. 
8 58' 9 10', and long. 77 23' 77 32'. The capital is of the same 
name. Lat. 90 8', long. 77 24' 20". Pop. (1871), 5371. 

CHOKHTJN. Town in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; eight miles south- 
east of Almora, sixty-two miles north of Pilibhit. Lat. 29 30', long. 
79 49'. 

GHOLA. The ancient division of Dravida, or land of the Tamils, north 
of the Kaveri. 

CHOLAPUR. Thana in Benares district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
63,049. 

CHOL AW ARUM. Town in Kistna district, Madras ; on the left bank 
of the river Kistna, twenty miles south-west of Masulipatam. Lat. 15 
59', long. 81. 

CHOLTJH (CHOLA). Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on 
the route from Aligarh to Delhi, and thirty-seven miles north-west of the 
former. Station on the East Indian Eailway. Pop. (1872), 1157. Lat. 
28 20', long. 77 50'. 

CHOMTIA. Village in Agra district, KW.P. ; on the route from the 
city of Agra to that of Muttra, and fifteen miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 27 15', long. 77 54'. 

CHONDA. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; eighteen 
miles north-west of the fort of Gwalior. Lat. 26 27', long. 78. 
Celebrated as the scene of a British victory over the Marhattas on 
29 December, 1843. 

CHONGBA PASS. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab; near the north- 
eastern boundary of the district of Kunawar, over a ridge rising on its 
eastern side with a gentle acclivity ; and on its western, sloping down to 
the left bank of the Li, or river of Spiti. Elevation above the sea, 
11,900 feet. Lat. 32, long. 78 37'. 

CHOPALLA. Town in Jhelum district, Punjab ; situated on the 
route from Jhelum to Pind Dadan Khan, eight miles south-west of the 
former. Lat. 32 57', long. 73 30'. 



CHO 195 

CHOP AN. Thana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 25,428. 

CHOPE. Village (with coalfield) in Hazaribagh district, Bengal; 
about eight miles from Hazaribagh. 

CHOPODEM. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 267. 

CHOPRA. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Khandesh district, 
Bombay; lat. 21 15' 15", long. 75 20' 25". Pop. (1881), 13,932. 
Area of subdivision, 368 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 59,835. 

CHOPRA TAKI A. Village in Karnal district, Punjab ; on the route 
from Delhi to Karnal, and twenty-seven miles south-east of the latter. 
Lat. 29 19', long. 77 3'. 

CHOPRAKOT. Town in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; thirty miles 
south-east from Srinagar, thirty-nine miles north-west of Almora. Lat. 
29 59', long. 79 14'. 

CHORA. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 5061. 

CHORAND A. District in Baroda State. Area, 226 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 61,805. 

CHORANGLA. State of Eewa Kantha, Bombay; paying a yearly 
tribute of 9 10s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Area, 3|- sq. miles. 

CHORAO. Village in Ilhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
2504. 

CHORASL Subdivision in Surat district, Bombay. Pop. (1881 ), 44,764. 

CHORATJNDEM. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 302. 

CHORE. Town in Thar and Parkar district, Sind, Bombay; on the 
route from Haidarabad to Jaisalmir, ninety miles east of the former. 
Lat. 25 30', long. 69 55'. 

CHORIA. Thana in Lohardaga district, Bengal. Area, 320 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 56,220. 

CHORLA. Eiver of Karachi district, Sind, Bombay; rises in the Kirthar 
range of mountains, about lat. 25 55', long. 67 50'. It has a course 
generally northerly of about thirty-five miles, and is lost in the arid 
tract west of Sehwan, in lat. 26 20', long. 67 45'. 

CHORPA. Thana in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Area, 356 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 70,437. 

CHORWATJR. Town in Baroda State, Bombay. Distant from 
Ahmedabad, south-west, 210 miles; Baroda, south-west, 215. Lat. 21 
2', long. 70 16'. 

CHOTA BHOWANL Village in Hissar district, Punjab; on the 
route from Hansi to Nimach, and 11 miles south of the former. Lat. 
28 56', long. 76 7'. 

CHOTA BITLLEA. Town in Monghyr district, Bengal ; on the route 
from Monghyr to Chapra, ten miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
25 24', long. 86 22'. 

CHOTADEKOTE. Town in Multan district, Punjab; situated ten 
miles from the west or right bank of the Indus, thirteen miles south 
of the town of Dera Ghazi Khan. Lat. 29 52', long. 70 49'. 

CHOTA KALLI SIND (CHHOTA KALI SIND). Eiver of Dewas 
and Gwalior States, Central India Agency, and of Jhalawar State, 
Eajputana; falls into the Chambal on the right side, in lat. 23 69', 
long. 75 33'. 



196 CHO CHU 

CHOTA NAGPTJR. See Cmmi NAGPTJE. 

CHOTA OODEPOOR. See CHHOTA UDAIPUR. 

CHOTA OR AMP AD. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras ; on the 
route from Cuddapah to Madras, forty-one miles south-east of the former. 
Lat. 14 3', long. 79 20'. 

CHOTA SERAI. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 
on the route from Agra to Gwalior fort, forty miles south of former, 
thirty-one north-west of latter. Lat. 26 37', long. 77 57'. 

CHOTL Town in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab ; situated thirty- 
eight miles south-west of Dera Ghazi Khan, sixty-five miles north of the 
town of Mithankot. Lat. 29 50' 30", long. 70 32'. Pop. (1868), 7300. 

CHOTILA (CHOTEYLA). State and village in North Kathiawar, 
Bombay; distant from Ahmedabad, south-west, 100 miles. Lat. 22 24', 
long. 71 11'. Area, 367 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 20,129. The chief 
pays an annual tribute of 65 to the British Government, and 22 to 
Junagarh. 

CHOTUN. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; distant south-west 
from Jodhpur 141 miles. Lat. 25 31', long. 71 3'. 

CHOUR. See CHAFE. 

CHOWGHAT. See CHATTGHAT. 

CHOWKA. See CHATIKA. 

CHOWKAAD (CHAUGAT). See CHAUGZAT. 

CHOWREGURH. See CHAUEIGAEH. 

CHOWSA (CHOUNSA). See CHAUSA. 

CHOWTTL (CHATJL). Town and seaport in Tanna district, Bombay; 
twenty-three miles south of Bombay. Lat. 18 34', long. 72 59'. 

CHOYAH NUDDL Eiver of Umballa district and Patiala and Nabha 
States, Punjab ; rising in lat. 30 48', long. 76 50', and flowing in a 
south-westerly direction for seventy miles, becomes absorbed in Patiala, 
about lat. 30 4', long. 75 50'. 

CHRIAKOT (CHERIAKOT). Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Azamgarh to Ghazfpur, twenty miles south-east of the 
former, twenty-four north-west of the latter, forty-five north-east of 
Benares, and in lat. 25 53', long. 83 24'. 

CHUADANGA. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Nadiya 
district, Bengal ; on the left bank of the river Churni. Lat. 23 38' 45", 
long. 88 53' 55". Station on the Eastern Bengal Railway. Area of 
subdivision, 437 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 254,295. Also thana. Area, 
33 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 21,818. 

CHTJASI. Town in Suket State, Punjab ; twenty-eight miles south- 
east of Suket, and twenty miles north-east from Simla. Lat. 31 23', 
long. 77 20'. 

CHUBRAMATJ. See CHABEAMATJ. 

CHUCH. See CHACH. 

CHUCHANA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute 
of 32 to the British Government. 

CHUCK. See CHAK. 

CHTJCKERIA. See CHAKIETA. 

CHUDA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 78 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 13,496. 

CHTJDASAR. Stato in Ilewa Kantha. Area, 2 sq. miles. 



CHU 197 



CHUHKOWAL. See 

CHUHTJRPTJR- Village in Aligarh district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Delhi, and eleven miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
28, long. 78 3'. 

CHUKA. Town in Bhutan State ; distant east from Darjiling sixty- 
eight miles. Lat. 27 3', long. 89 23'. 

CHTTKANIPARA. Town in Kamrup district, Assam; thirty-four 
miles south-east of Goalpara, forty-five miles south-west of Gauhati. 
Lat. 25 52', long. 91 5'. 

CHTJKUN. Town in Poona district, Bombay ; on the route from 
Poona to Karayangaon, twenty miles north of the former. Lat. 18 48', 
long. 73 5 T. 

CHTJLAISTJR. Village in Agra district ; on the route from the city 
of Agra to Mainpuri, and seven miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
27 13', long. 78 10'. 

CHULALA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. The chief pays a yearly 
tribute of 97 to the British Government, and 8 to Junagarh. 

CHULERA. Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Agra to Bareilly, and twenty- eight miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 
28 13', long. 79 10'. 

CHULERA. See CHILLERA. 

CHULGULLI. Town in Sarguja State, Bengal ; twenty-three miles 
north-east from Sarguja, and fifty-one miles south-west from Palamau. 
Lat. 23 20', long. 83 28'. 

CHULIA. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces; on the 
route from Jabalpur to Sambalpur, twenty-two miles south of the 
former. Lat. 22 50', long. 80 10'. 

GHUMALARI. A lofty peak in the snowy range of the Himalayas, 
having an elevation of 23,929 feet. Distant north-east from Darjiling 
eighty miles. Lat. 27 49', long. 89 19'. 

CHUMARPURA. Village in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Bareilly to Delhi, and forty-two miles west of the former. 
Lat. 28 27', long. 78 52'. 

CHUMATANGr. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 205 miles south- 
east from Srinagar, and 173 north-east from Simla. Lat. 33 20', long. 
78 27'. 

CHUMBI. Town in Thibet; lying between the north-western boundary 
of Bhutan and the eastern boundary of Sikkim, distant north-east from 
Darjiling fifty-three miles. Lat. 27 30', long. 89. 

CHUMBUL RIVER. See CHAMBAL. 

CHUMKUR. Village in Umballa district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Kupar to Ludhiana, and seven miles south-west of the former place. 
It is situate on the western brow of a high bank, formerly apparently the 
left bank of the Sutlej, which now flows four miles farther north. Lat. 
30 54', long. 76 30'. 

CHTJMMIT. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Pokaran to Jodhpur, and forty-six miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 
26 40', long. 72 42'. 

CHTTMMITRIA. Town in Kamrup district, Assam ; thirty-nine miles 
east of Goalpara, thirty-four miles south-west of Gauhati. Lat. 26. 
long. 91 11'. 



198 CHU 

CHUMOR A. Village in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; near the right 
bank of the Kamganga (Eastern), and on the route from Almora to 
Serakot, thirty miles north-east of the former Lat. 29 47', long. 
80 10'. 

CHUMP AWUT. See CHAMPAWAT. 

CHUMUR. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 136 miles north-east 
from Simla. Lat. 32 40', long. 78 35'. 

CHUNAHTILLI. Town in Mysore State ; distant north from Seringa- 
patam fifty miles. Lat. 13 9', long. 76 56'. 

CHUNAPANI. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Birm Deo to Chumpawut, and four miles north-west of 
the former. Elevation above the sea, 1500 feet. Lat. 29 8', long. 
80 9'. 

CHTTNAR (CHUNARGARH). See CHANAR. 

CHUNCHANGIRL Hill in Mysore. Lat. 13 1', long. 76 49'. At 
its foot is held a religious gathering, called Gangadhareswara, at which 
10,000 persons assemble, and which lasts fifteen days. 

CHUNCHANKATTE. Dam across the Kaveri river in Mysore. Lat. 
12 31', long. 76 20'. A festival is held every January near this dam, 
which is attended by 2000 people. 

CHTJNDERGHERRL See CHANDRAGIRI. 

CHTJNDERNAGORE. CHANDARNAGAR. 

CHUNDERPUR. See CHANDRAPUR. 

CHTJNGA. Village in Bahawalpur State, Punjab ; on the route from 
Sabzalkot to Shikarpur, and sixty miles south-west of the former place. 
Lat. 27 48', long. 69 4'. 

CHTINHURUH. See CHILLERA. 

CHUNIAN. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Lahore district, Punjab. Lat. 30 58', long. 74 1' 30". Pop. (1881), 
8122. Area of tahsil, 1227 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 202,061. 

CHUNNT. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; eleven miles south-west 
from Jammu, and nineteen miles north-east from Sialkot. Lat. 32 37', 
long. 74 50'. 

CHITPPRA. Town in Tonk State, Bajputana; situated in an out- 
lying portion, in Malwa, on the route from Nasirabad to Sagar, 197 miles 
south-east of former, 153 north-west of latter. Lat. 24 37', long. 
76 51'. 

CHITPPTIGHATI. Village in Cawnpore district, 1ST/W.P. ; on the 
route from Allahabad to Etawah, and seventy-four miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 26 10'. long. 79 59'. 

CHTIPRA. See CHAPRA. 

CHUPROULL See CHAPRATJLT. 

CHUPROWA. Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Bareilly to Sitapur, and forty miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
28 10', long. 80 2'. 

GHURA. State (with capital of same name) in Kathiawar, Bombay ; 
between lat. 22 23'22 30', and long. 71 37' 71 51'. Area, 
78 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 23,208. The chief (Thakur) maintains a 
military force of 135 men, and pays a yearly tribute of 714 to the 
British Government and the Nawab of Junagarh. Lat. of capital, 22 
29', long. 71 44'. Pop. (1872), 13,793. 



CHU 199 

CHURAMAN. Village in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; on the left bank 
of the Mahananda, in lat. 25 26', long. 88 9' 30". 

CHURAMAN. Town in Balasor district, Bengal ; at the mouth of 
the Gammai river, and formerly an important port. Lat. 21 7' 50", 
long. 86 49' 16". 

CHURARA. Thana in Jhansi district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 17,478 

CHURCH ROCKS (ST. JOHN'S ROCKS). Four rocks off the coast 
of Amherst district, British Burma ; distant about four leagues from the 
coast. The largest is upwards of sixteen feet high. They receive theii 
name from the circumstance of the largest of the four, when viewed 
from a particular direction, veiy much resembling a country church. Lat. 
17 28', long. 94 23'. 

CHTIRCHIN. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; a halting-place 
on the route from Almora to South-western Thibet, 156 miles north-east 
of Almora. The Chinese frontier is marked by a low wall, about a mile 
north of this place. Elevation of encampment, about 15,000 feet. Lat. 
30 35', long. 80 17'. 

CHURCHODDEM. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 695. 

CHURESAR. State of Rewa Kantha, Bombay ; paying an annual 
tribute of 31 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Area, 1 sq. mile. 

CHURGAON. See CHIRGONG. 

CHTJRHA. Village in Bareilly district, K'W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Sitapur, and eighteen miles east of the former. Lat. 28 18', 
long. 79 45'. 

CHURHUT. Town in Eewah State, Central India Agency ; distant 
east from Kewah, twenty-three miles. Lat. 24 24', long. 81 45'. 

CHURIA. Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal ; three miles from 
the right bank of the river Damodar, twenty-three miles north-east of 
Lohardaga. Lat. 23 31', long. 85 7'. 

CHTJRKHARL See CHAEKH!RI. 

CHURKHL Thana in Jalaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 18,231. 

CHURU. Town in Bikaner State, Eajputana. Lat. 28 19' 15", 
long. 75 1'. Pop. (1881), about 10,666. 

CHUTIA. Village in Lohardaga district, Bengal ; near Ranchi. 
Lat. 23 21' 20", long. 85 23' 45". Supposed to have given the name 
to Chutia Nagpur. In this village there is a temple containing two stone 
images of Rama and Sita, under the care of a resident Brahman. 

CHTITIA NAGPUR. Division of Bengal; between lat. 21 58' 30" 
24 48', and long. 83 22' 87 15'. Bounded on the north by the 
districts of Mirzapur, Shahabad, and Gaya ; on the east by Monghyr, the 
Santal Parganas, Bankura, and Midnapur; on the south by the Orissa 
Tributary States ; and on the west by the Sambalpur district of the 
Central Provinces, and the Independent State of Kewah. It comprises 
the districts of Hazaribagh, Lohardaga, Singbhum, Manbhum, and the 
seven States of Bonai, Chang Bhakar, Gangpur, Jashpur, Korea, Sarguja, 
and Udaipur, q.v. Area, 26,966 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 4,225,989. 

CHUTIA NAGPUR TRIBUTARY STATES. Seven States in the 
Chutia Nagpur division, Bengal ; their names are given above. Area, 
16,054 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 678,002. They are under the political 
superintendence of the Commissioner of Chutia Nagpur. 



200 CHTJ COG 

CHITTTERPORE See CHHATARPUR. 

CHUTTRTJM. Town in Malabar district, Madras ; on the route from 
Ponani to Coimbatore, twenty miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 10 
39', long. 76 48'. 

CICILLY. Town in South Kanara district, Madras ; forty-five miles 
east of Mangalore. Lat. 12 54', long. 75 34'. 

CIRCARS (THE FIVE NORTHERN). An antiquated division of 
the presidency of Madras. The tract formerly comprised within the 
Circars lies between lat. 15 40' 20 17', long. 79 12' 85 20'. Its 
sea-coast commences at Motapilli, in lat. 15 40', long. 80 17', and holds 
a direction north-east for 450 miles, to the vicinity of Ganjam, and lat. 
19 35', long. 85 20'. Its greatest width is towards the south-west, 
where it extends about 100 miles in breadth inland, but in one part, 
towards the north-eastern extremity, the breadth is not more than 
eighteen miles. The Five Northern Circars were formerly Chicacole, 
Rajamahendri, Ellore, Condapilli, and Guntur ; but the tract comprised 
within them is at present divided into the British districts lying along 
the coast, viz. Ganjam, Yizagapatam, Godavari, Kistna, and part of 
Nellore and Karnul : detailed accounts of which are given under their 
respective names in the alphabetical arrangement. 

CIRCULAR ROAD CANAL. Canal in the Twenty-four Parganas 
district, Bengal ; six miles in length. Lat. 22 34' 22 36' 30", long. 
88 24' 30" 88 25' 15". 

CIS-SUTLEJ TERRITORY (CIS-SUTLEJ STATES). An old 
territorial name for that part of the Punjab which is on the Calcutta side 
of the river Sutlej ; more particularly referring to the States of Patiala 
Jind and Nabha, and to the districts of Umballa, Ludhiana, Firozpur, 
and Hissar. 

CIVTTAL. Town in Haidarabad State ; twenty-two miles north-east 
from Mudgul, and sixty-nine miles north from Ballari. Lat. 16 6', long. 
76 50'. 

CLAIRALIA. Town in Manbhum district, Bengal; thirty-six miles 
north of Bankura. Lat. 23 46', long. 87 9'. 

CLARA. One of the islands of the Mergui Archipelago, situate about 
thirty-six miles west of the mainland, off the coast of British Burma. 
Its centre is in lat. 10 54', long. 98 4'. 

CLOSEPET Town (in taluk of same name) in Mysore State ; forty- 
five miles north-east from Seringapatam, and twenty-three miles south- 
west from Bangalore. Lat, 12 40', long. 77 12'. Pop. (1871), 5460. 
Area of taluk, 476 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 96,974. 

COADLIPETTA. Town in Mysore State; sixty miles north-west 
from Seringapatam, and seventy miles east from Mangalore. Lat. 12 
48', long. 75 56'. 

COCANADA. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name), 
Godavari district, Madras ; a port on the coast 545 miles south of Calcutta, 
and 315 north of Madras. Lat. 16 57', long. 82 13'. Pop. (1881), 
28,856. Also taluk. Pop. (1871), 66,944. 

COCHIN. State in Madras, so denominated from the town of the 
same name, formerly its capital, but now a British possession, and within 
the limits of the district of Malabar. That district bounds the Cochin 
raj on the west, north, and north-east sides; a small portion at the 



COG COD 201 

south-west angle is bounded by the Arabian Sea, and farther south is an 
isolated strip of territory of about thirty miles in length, bounded on the 
south-west by the same sea. On the south, and part of the east, Cochin 
is bounded by the territory of Travancore : it lies between lat. 9 48' 
10 50', long. 76 5' 76 58'. The area is 1361 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
600,278. A considerable portion of this raj is mountainous, extending over 
the Western Ghats. The most striking physical feature of the country is 
furnished by the series of shallow lagoons, called backwaters, receiving 
the drainage of the numerous streams descending from the Western 
Ghats, and from this circumstance liable to rise enormously as these 
feeders swell, and to fall as they shrink or dry up. One of these feeders, 
the Alwai, has been known to rise nearly sixteen feet in twenty-four 
hours. This affects the backwater in the like degree, which sometimes 
continues swollen for months, but in the dry season shoals in many 
places to two feet, and even to six inches at the northern and southern 
extremities. The limits of the Cochin backwaters, distant north and 
south about 120 miles, pass considerably beyond the boundary of the 
state: the greatest breadth is about ten miles, but in some places the 
width is not more than a few hundred yards. The form is exceedingly 
irregular, branching into a great number of intricate and shallow channels, 
inclosing various low alluvial islands. The communication with the sea 
is at three points : one at the city of Cochin, another at Kodungalur or 
Cranganore, and a third at Chetuwai or Chatwai. Though in most places 
rather shallow, the backwater is navigable at all times from Cochin to 
Cranganore, and from Cochin to Aleppi, both for passage and cargo-boats. 
During the rains it is everywhere navigable for flat-bottomed boats ; but 
for the conveyance of small merchandise, canoes drawing little water are 
preferred. The principal rivers are the Ponani, the Tattamangalam, and 
the Karuvanur ; the chief towns are Ernakollam (which is the capital) 
and Trichur. The chief, who has a salute of 17 guns, pays a yearly 
tribute of 20,000 to the British Government. 

COCHIN. Subdivision of the Cochin State, Madras. 

COCHIN. Town in Cochia State. Lat. 9 58' 7", long. 76 17'. 
Pop. (1875), 13,775. 

COCHIN. Town (in taluk of same name) in Malabar district, Madras ; 
formerly the capital of the State to which it gives name, a part of the 
town being still included within the limits of the State. Lat. 9 58' 7", 
long. 76 17'. Pop. (1881), 15,698. Area of taluk, 1392 acres. Pop. 
(1871), 19,826. 

COCOS (THE). Islands in the Bay of Bengal. Lat. 14 10', long. 
93 10'. North of the Great Andaman, and south of Table Island. The 
larger of the two islands is called Great Coco, area about fourteen sq. 
miles ; the smaller, called Little Coco, contains about two sq. miles. 

CODAL. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
197. 

CODDAR. -Village in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881) 
115. 

CODDARLA. Village in Quepem district. Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 17. 

CODDLY. Village in Sanguem district. Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 1526. 



202 COD COL 

CODIEM. Tillage in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 68. 

CODVOL. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 93. 

CODYCONDA. Town in Bellary district, Madras; 109 miles south- 
east of Bellary. Lat. 13 50', long. 77 50'. 

COEL. See KOIL. 

COEL KIVER. See BAITARANI. 

COGLA8S. Town in Seoni district, Central Provinces ; on the route 
from Nagpur to Jabalpur, sixty-eight miles south of the latter. Lat. 
22 15', long. 79 40'. 

COHTTR. Town in Sarguja State, Bengal; forty-nine miles north 
from the town of Sarguja, and seventy-two miles west from Palamau. 
Lat. 23 48', long. 82 52'. 

COILLE. Town in Darbhangah district, Bengal ; twenty- three miles 
north-west of Darbhangah. Lat. 26 24', long. 85 43'. 

COIMBATORE. District of Madras; between lat. 10 14' 12 19', 
and long. 76 35' 78 14'. Area, 7842 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,657,690. 
Bounded on the north by Mysore State ; on the east by Salem and Tri- 
chinopoli districts ; on the west by Malabar district and Cochin State ; 
and on the south by Madura district and Travancore State. The chief 
hills are the Mlgiris on the western side of the district, the Balirangam 
hills on the north, and on the southern side the Anamalai hills. The 
chief river is the Kaveri (with its tributaries, the Bhavani, Novil and 
Amravati). The chief towns are Coimbatore, Anamalai and Arava- 
kurichi. The administration is in the hands of a Collector-Magistrate and 
the usual Staff. 

COIMBATORE Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Coimbatore district, Madras ; on the Noyil river. Lat. 10 59' 41", long. 
76 59' 46". A station on the Madras railway, 304 miles from Madras. 
Pop. (1881), 38,967. Ceded to the British in 1799. Area of taluk, 624 
sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 243,995. 

COL. Village in Canacona district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
1910. 

COLA BERA. See KOLABIRA. 

COLABA. See KOL!BA. 

COLADYNE RIVER. See MLADAN. 

COLAIR. Soe KOLAR. 

COLAPORE. See KOLHAPIJR. 

COLEHAN. See KOLHAN. 

COLEPET. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 667. 

COLEROON. River of Trichinopoli, South Arcot, and Tanjore 
districts, Madras. Northern branch of the Kaveri ; the bifurcation takes 
place at the Island of Srirangam. Its course is about ninety-four miles 
long, and it falls into the Bay of Bengal in lat. 11 26'. long.* 79 52'. 

COLES. See OEISSA. 

COLGONGr. Town and municipality and railway station in Bhagalpur 
district, Bengal; on the right bank of the Ganges. Lat. 25 15' 55", 
long. 87 16' 51". Pop. (1881), 5672. 

COLINGA. Thana in Calcutta, Bengal. Area, 170 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 11,840. 



(1881), 
COL 



COL CON 203 

COLLACHULL. See KOLACHEL. 

COLLEGAL. Town (in taluk of same name) in Coimbatore district, 
Madras. Lat. 12 10', long. 77 9'. Pop. (1871), 7920. 

GOLLEM. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 1323. 

COLOMBA. Tillage in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
, 967. 

COLONELGANJ. Town in Gonda district, Oudh ; originally known 
as Sakrora ; two miles north of the Sarju river, and twenty miles from 
Gonda town. Lat. 27 8', long. 81 44'. Pop. (1881), 5904. Also thana. 
Pop. (1881), 98,763. 

COLONELGANJ. Thana in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 4889. Also thana in Cawnpore district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
23,230. 

COLONELGANJ. Tillage in Patna district, Bengal ; part of Patna 
City. 

COLJJTOLA. Thana in Calcutta, Bengal. Area, 227 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 47,323. 

COL VA. Tillage in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
3210. 

COMBAKONUM ( COMB ACON AM). Town (in taluk of same name) 
in Tanjore district, Madras. Lat. 10 58' 20", long. 79 24' 30". Pop. 
(1881), 50,098. It is situate in a low level tract, between two consider- 
able branches or outlets of the river Kaveri, and extends about two miles 
in length from north to south, and one mile in breadth from east to west. 
Pop. of taluk (1871), 341,034. 

COMBERMERE BAY. Part of the Bay of Bengal ; off the coasts of 
the Akyab and Kyouk-hpyu districts, British Burma; situate between 
the mouths of the Talak and Aeng rivers, and abounding with shoals, 
rocks, and sand-banks. Its centre is about lat. 19 35', long. 93 35'. 

COMERCOLLY. See KuMARKHAif. 

COMILLAH. Capital of Tipperah district, Bengal, and a municipality; 
on the Gumti river. Lat. 23 27' 55", long. 91 13' 18". Pop. (1881), 
13,372. Also thana. Area, 180 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 139,385. 

COMORIN. Tillage near the Cape of same name. Lat. 8 4', long. 
77 36'. Pop. (1871), 2247. The scene of the bathing festival in honour 
of the Goddess Durga. 

COMORIN (CAPE). Headland in Travancore State, Madras; the 
most southern point of what is called the Peninsula of India. It is 
formed of a circular low sandy point, not discernible above the distance of 
three and a half or four leagues from the deck of a large ship. "Within 
two or three cables' length of the south-east part of the point lies a 
sloping rocky islet, high above the water, with other rocks about it, on 
which the sea breaks. To the westward of this islet, the shore of the 
cape is sandy and barren, but to the eastward it abounds with trees, 
having a fort and village among them close to the sea. The base of the 
southern extremity of the Western Ghats is about a mile or a mile and 
a half from the sea. Lat. 8 4' 20", long. 77 35' 35'. 

COMPODEM. Tillage in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 292. 

CONCAN. See 



204 CON COR 

CONCUTJEM. Tillage in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 306. 

CONDAPILLI. Hill-fort in Kistna district, Madras ; having an 
elevation of about 1700 feet above the level of the sea. Distant from 
Madras, north, 245 miles ; Masulipatam, north-west, 52 ; Calcutta, south- 
west, 658. Lat. 16 38', long. 80 37'. 

CONDATID. See KONDAVIE. 

CONJETARAM. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Chengalpat district, Madras. Lat. 12 49' 45", long. 79 45'. Pop. 
(1881), 37,275. One of the holy cities of India, sometimes called the 
" Benares of the South." It contains some of the finest temples in the 
South of India, and is the scene of a great annual fair in May, when 
upwards of 50,000 pilgrims assemble together. Pop. of taluk (1871), 
168,036. 

CONQTJIREM. Tillage in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 137. 

CONTAI. Subdivision of Midnapur district, Bengal ; between lat. 
21 37' 15" 22 10' 30", and long. 87 27' 15" 88 1' 30". Area, 849 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 481,966. Also thana. Area, 226 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 130,554. 

CONTAI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Midnapur district, 
Bengal. 

CONXIM. Tillage in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 93. 

COOCH BEHAR. See KTJCH BEHAE. 

COOMBTA. See KUMPTA. 

COOMTA. See KUMPTA. 

COONDAPOOR. See KANDAPUE. 

COORG. Province of Southern India ; formerly under the rule of the 
Chief Commissioner of Mysore, and now (since March 1, 1881) under the 
administration of the Resident at Mysore ; between lat. 11 56' 12 50', 
and long. 75 24' 76 13'. Area, 1583 sq. miles. Pop. (1 881 )> 178,302. 
Bounded on the west by the Western Ghats, separating it from the 
Malabar and South Kanara districts, Madras ; on the north and east by 
Mysore. The whole country is mountainous, the western Ghats here 
spreading into numerous ranges. The chief rivers are the upper waters 
of the Kaveri, with its tributaries, the Lakshmantirtha and the Hema- 
vati. The chief towns are Merkara (the capital), Tira-Rajendra-pet and 
Mad6. 

COORLA. See KUEL!. 

COOSSY. See Kusf. 

COOTJM. River of Chengalpat district, Madras ; flows into the sea 
at Madras city, lat. 13 4', long. 80 20'. 

COREMBU GAONDEN. Hills in South Arcot district, Madras, lying 
between lat. 11 51' 12 1', and long. 78 42' 78 55'. See KALEAYAN- 

MALAI. 

CORGAO. Tillage in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
2511. 

CORINGA. Town in Godavari. district, Madras ; at the northern 
mouth of the Godavari river, eight miles south of Cocanada. Lat. 16 
48' 25", long. 82 16' 20". Pop. (1881), 4398. 



COR COTJ 205 

CORLA. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 133. 

CORLIM. Village in Ilhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
515. 

CORODDEM. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 416. 

COROMANDEL (COAST OF). Part of the eastern coast of Southern 
India, forming the shore of the Bay of Bengal. It is considered to com- 
mence at Point Calimere in lat. 10 17', long. 79 56', and to hold a direction 
nearly due north as far as Gondegam, in lat. 15 20', long. 80 10'. It 
extends across the estuaries of many rivers ; but there is no place within 
its whole extent where large ships can be sheltered in all weather. Of 
the places frequented by shipping, none have havens, and ships must be 
anchored in the open sea, where, during the closing months of the year, 
they are exposed to the violence of the north-east monsoon. The coast 
throughout is, with little exception, low and sandy, and the sea shallow 
near the shore, with sounding gradually increasing with the distance 
from land. The etymology of the name Coromandel has been variously 
explained, some tracing it to Karimanal (see next art.) ; but it appears 
that it was originally denominated Choramandal or Cholamandal, which 
is considered to mean the mandal or region of the Chola, an ancient 
dynasty of this part of India. 

COROMANDEL. Town in Chengalpat district, Madras. Lat. 13 26' 
10", long. 80 20' 36". Pop. (1871), 3050. Karimanal or black sand, 
commonly used as pounce, is found here. 

CORQUL Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
415. 

CORTAGERRY. See KOETAGIKI. 

CORTALIM. Village in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 3626. 

CORTELLIAR. lliver of North Arcot district, Madras. 

CORYGAUM. See KOKEGAUM. 

COSSIMBAZAR. See KASIMBAZAB. 

COSSIPUR. Village in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; 
a manufacturing suburb of Calcutta, situate on the left bank of the river 
Hugli, six miles north of Fort William. Here is located the govern- 
ment foundry. Lat. 22 37' 30", long. 88 24' 30". Area, 896 acres. 
Pop. (1881), 8770. 

COSSYAH HILLS. See Knisi and JAINTIA HILLS. 

COSSYE. See KAS^I. 

COTHA See KOTA. 

COTODEM. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 313. 

COTOMBO. Village in Bicholim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 198. 

COTTAR. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 38. 

COTTOMBY. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 742. 

COURT ALLUM. Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Lat. 8 56' 
20", long. 77 20'. Pop. (1871), 1216. There are some sacred waterfalls. 



206 COY CUM: 

COVELONG Village in Chengalpat district, Madras. Lat. 12 46', 
long. 80 17' 40". Pop. (1871), 1512. Formerly a place of considerable 
strategical importance. 

COWCALLY. See GEOKKHILI. 

COX'S BAZAR (COXE BAZAR). Town (in subdivision of same 
name) in Chittagong district, Bengal; on the banks of the Baghkhali 
khai. Lat. 21 26' 31", long. 92 1' 2". Pop. (1872), 4864. Pop. of 
subdivision (1881), 161,348. Also thand. Area, 267 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 62,817. 

CRANGANORE. See KRANGANtra. 

CTJCHL See KACCHT. 

CUDDALORE. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
South Arcot district, Madras ; on the backwater, 116 miles by sea and 
127 by rail south of Madras, and 16 miles south of Pondicherri. Lat. 
11 42' 45", long. 79 48' 45". Pop. (1881), 43,545. Once a place of 
considerable strength and importance. Area of taluk, 459 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1871), 284,849. 

CTIDDAP AH. District in Madras; between lat. 13 25' 16 20', 
and long. 77 55' 79 40'. Area, 8745 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,121,038. 
Bounded on the north by Karnul district, on the east by Nellore, on the 
south by North Arcot district and Mysore State, and on the west by 
Mysore State and Bellary district. The chief hills are the Palkonda and 
Seshachalam ranges ; the chief river is the Penner, with its tributaries, 
the Kundair and Sagalair. The large towns are Cuddapah and Badvail. 
The Madras Railway traverses the district, with ten stations. 

CUDDAPAH. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Cuddapah district, Madras, 161 miles by rail from Madras. Lat. 14 
28' 49", long. 78 51' 47". Pop. (1881), 18,982. Area of taluk, 761 
so. miles. Pop. (1871), 163,013. 

CTTDDAPURRUM. Town in Travancore State, Madras; thirty-one 
miles north from Quilon, and forty-nine miles south-east from Cochin. 
Lat. 9 20', long. 76 39'. 

CUDDEAPTJTNUM. Town in Travancore State, Madras ; thirty-ono 
miles south-east from Trivandrum, and nineteen miles north-west from 
Cape Comorin. Lat. 8 9', long. 77 20'. 

CIIDDTIR. Town in Mysore State ; ninety miles north-west from 
Seringapatam, and ninety-one north-east from Mangalore. Lat. 13 33', 
long. 76 4'. 

CUDDTJTURITTL Town in Travancore State, Madras ; twenty-one 
miles south-east from Cochin, and sixty-one north from Quilon. Lat. 
9 45', long. 76 33'. 

CTJDNEM. Village in Bicholim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 753. 

CTTLNA. See KALNA. 

CUMBAKONAM. See COMBAZONUM. 

CUMBARY. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 201. 

CITMBUM. Town in Madura district, Madras. Lat. 9 44' 50", long. 
77 20' 35". Pop. (1881), 7170. 

CTJMBTJM.- -Town and municipality in Karnul district, Madras. Lat. 
15 34' 15", long. 79 9' 1". Pop. (1871), 7137. A tank or lake, 



CUM CUT 207 

having an area of about 15 sq. miles, has been formed here by damming 
the Gundlakamma river by a bank 57 feet high, thrown between two 
hills. 

CUMMUM. See CTJMBUM. 

CUNCOLIM. Village in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 7830. 

CUNDACHA. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 229. 

CUNDAIM. Village in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 908. 

CUNTLI. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 414. 

CURCA. Village in Ilhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1 881), 582. 

CURCHIREM. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 479. 

CURD Y. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
1439. 

CURNARCANDA. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 60. 

CURPEM. Village in Sanguem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 712. 

CURRAH. See KURKAH. 

CURTIM. Village in Ponda district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
348. 

CURTORIM. Village in Salsette district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 8567. 

CURXEM. Village in Satari district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 161. 

CUSMANE. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 847. 

CUTCH. State under the political superintendence of the government 
of Bombay. It is bounded on the north-west and north by the province 
of Sind ; on the east by the Palanpur Agency ; on the south by the 
peninsula of Kathiawar and the Gulf of Cutch, and on the south-west by 
the Indian Ocean. Its limits, inclusive of the great salt marsh termed 
the Runn, extend from lat. 22 47' 24 40', and from long. 68 26' 
71 45'. Its greatest length from east to west is 205 miles, and its 
breadth from north to south (which is nearly equal throughout its whole 
extent) 110 miles. The area, exclusive of the Runn, is 6500 sq. miles, 
and its population (1881), 512,084. This long narrow tract, interposed 
between the desert and the sea, forms a connecting link between Guzerat 
and Sind. Two mountain-ranges intersect the country. The principal, 
termed the Lunkhi, nearly bisects the province from east to west ; the 
other runs in a parallel direction, but more to the northward. The chief 
town is Bhuj. The Rao of Cutch is entitled to a salute of seventeen 
guns. The military force consists of 240 cavalry, 404 foot soldiers, 495 
Arabs, and forty artillerymen. In addition, there are some 3000 irregular 
infantry, and the Bhayads could furnish on requisition a mixed force of 
about 4000 men. 

CUTTACK. District in the Orissa division, Bengal. Between lat. 20 1' 
50" 21 10' 10", and long. 85 35' 45" 87 3' 30". Area, 3517 sq. miles. 



208 CUT DAB 

Pop. (1881), 1,738,165. Cuttack forms the central district of the Orissa 
Commissionership or Division. Bounded on the north by Balasor district ; 
on the east by the sea ; on the south by Puri district ; and on the west 
by the Orissa States. The western part of the district is hilly, and there 
are several famous peaks in various parts, as Naltigki and TJdayagiri. 
The rivers are important, the chief being the Baitarani and the Brahmani 
(forming the Dhamra), and the Mahanadi (with its large offshoots or 
estuaries, the Katjuri, the Devi, the Paika, the Birupa, and the Nun). 
The chief towns are Cuttack, Jaipur, and Kendrapur. 

CUTTACK. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name) in 
Cuttack district, Bengal, of which it is the capital. Lat. 20 29' 4", 
long. 85 54' 29". Pop. (1881), 42,656. Area of subdivision, 989 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 663,555. Also thana. Area, 389 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 198,574. 

CUTWA. See Kiiwi, 



D 

DABADAKA Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 88. 

DABANPUR. Village in Eohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 28', 
long. 76 43'. 

DAB EL. Village in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
651. 

DABEM. Village in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 142. 

DABHA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 1922. 
The Chief or Miah pays an annual tribute of 15 to the Gaekwar of 
Baroda, and 5 to the Thakur of Amalyara. 

DABHA. Town of Chanda district, Central Provinces. Lat. 19 38', 
long. 79 42'. 

DABHOI. Town (in district of same name) in Baroda State ; fifteen 
miles south-east of Baroda. Lat. 22 10', long. 73 28'. Pop. (1881), 
14,925. Area of district, 197 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 56,169. 

DABHOL. Town in Eatnagiri district, Bombay, containing a mosque, 
the only specimen of pure Saracenic architecture in the Southern Konkan. 

DABLA. Town in Udaipur State, Eajputana; ninety-eight miles 
north-east from the town of Udaipur, and fifty-five miles south from 
Ajmere. Lat. 25 41', long. 74 49'. 

DABLINGr. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; situate in a belt of 
.irable land near the left bank of the Stitlej. The opposite bank of the 
Sutlej presents a perpendicular section of 6000 or 7000 feet of pure rock. 
The elevation of Dabling is 9400 feet above the sea. Lat. 31 45', long. 
78 39'. 

DABUR. Village in Agra district, N.W.P. ; on the route from the 
city of Agra to Jaipur, and twenty-eight miles west of the former. Lat. 
27 3', long. 77 39'. 

DABUTA. Village in Budaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Moradabad, forty-five miles south-west of the latter place. 
Lat, 28 21', long. 78 23'. 



DAE DAD 209 

DABWALI. Tahsil in Sirsa district, Punjab. Area, 814 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 71,136. 

DACCA. Division of Bengal; between lat. 21 48' 25 26', and 
long. 89 20' 91 18'. Bounded on the north by 'the Garo Hills; on 
the east by Sylhet district and Hill Tipperah ; on the south by Noak- 
half district and the Bay of Bengal ; and on the west by Jessor, Pabna, 
Bogra, and llangpur districts. Dacca Division comprises the five Districts 
of Dacca, Faridpur, Bakarganj, Maimansinh, and Tipperah, q.v. Area, 
15,000 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 8,700,939. 

DACCA. District in the Dacca division, Bengal ; between lat. 23 6' 
30" 24 20' 12", and long. 89 47' 50" 91 1' 10". Bounded on the 
north by Maimansinh district ; east by Tipperah district ; south and 
south-west by Bakarganj and Faridpur district ; west by Pabna district. 
Area, 2797 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2,116,350. The district of Dacca 
lies at the junction of the deltas of the Ganges and Brahmaputra ; having 
on its eastern boundary the Meghna, and on its western the Jamuna or 
present main stream of the Brahmaputra ; on its southern side the 
Padma, the main channel of the Ganges ; whilst the Dhaleswari flows 
across the centre. Other large rivers are the Kirtinasa and the Buri- 
ganga. The chief towns are Dacca (the capital), Manikganj, and 
!N"arainganj. 

DACCA. Capital, city, and municipality (in subdivision of same name) 
in the Dacca district, Bengal ; on the north side of the Buriganga river, 
eight miles above its junction with the Dhaleswari. Lat. 23 43', long. 
90 26' 25". Pop. (1881), 79,076. Area of subdivision, 1266 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 699,029. Dacca contains a College with a staff of European 
Professors, and also an almshouse, founded in 1866, by a wealthy citizen 
named Nawab Abdul Gam, C.S.I. 

DACCA JELALPOR. See FAEIDPUR. 

DACHEN. Town in Sikkim State ; fifty-one miles north from 
Darjiling, and 150 miles north from Dinajpur. Lat. 27 44', long. 
88 36'. 

DADANAIGPOLLIAM. Town in Mysore State; 48 miles north 
from Bangalore, and 102 miles north-east from Seringapatam. Lat. 13 
38', long. 77 40'. 

DADAR. Town in Baluchistan. Lat. 29 28', long. 67 34', five 
miles east of the Bolan Pass. Pop. about 2000. 

DADARA. Tillage in Kagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 795. 

DADEKALLI. Town in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; 
thirty-five miles north-east of Calcutta. Lat. 22 53', long. 88 55'. 

DADHALYA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Area, 5000 acres. 
Pop. (1881), 3877. The Chief pays an annual tribute of 70 to the 
Gaekwar of Baroda, and 61 to the Raja of Edar. 

DADHL State in the Punjab. Area, 1 sq. mile. Pop. (1881), 170. 

DADNTJH. Town in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 34', long. 
75 57'. 

DADON. Thana in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 45,259. 

DADRL Town in Jind State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 7837. 

DADRI. Tillage and station on the East Indian Railway (in pargana 
of same name), in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 

14 



210 DAD DAI 

Delhi to Aligarh, twenty miles south-east of the former. Lat. 28 33', 
long. 77 38'. Pop. (1872), 2223. Pop. of pargana (1881), 41,303. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 36,296. 

DADRL Town in Eohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 32', long. 
76 20'. 

DADTT. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in Karachi 
district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 26 43' 30", long. 67 49'. Pop. (1872), 
3357. Area of taluk, 746 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 66,350. 

DADTILA. Village in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay ; on the route 
from IShikarpur to Sabzulkot, and forty miles south-west from the latter 
town. Lat. 28 2', long. 69 14'. 

D AD UPTTR. Village in TJmballa district, Punjab ; distance north of 
Delhi, eighty-eight miles. Lat. 30 12', long. 77 27'. 

DAERA DINPANA. Town in Muzaffargarh district, Punjab. Pop. 
(1881), 1779. 

DAFLAPUR (JATH). A jagir or State in Bombay. Lat. 17, 
long. 75 7'. The jagirdar pays to the British Government 640 per 
annum in lieu of the service of fifty horsemen, and a tribute of 473. 
Area, 95 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 6006. 

DAFLAPUR. Town in Jath State, Bombay ; eighty-seven miles 
north-east from Bel gaum, and eighty- four south-east from Satara. Lat. 
17, long. 75 8'. 

DAGA. Branch of the Bassein river, in Bassein and Henzada districts, 
British Burma. 

DAGA. Revenue circle of Bassein district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 2227. 

DAG8HAI. Hill station and cantonment in Simla district, Punjab. 
Lat. 30 53' 5", long. 77 5' 38". Pop. (1881), 3642. 

DA-GYAING. River of Amherst district, British Burma. 

DAHA. Thana in Meerut district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 35,569. 

DAHANU. Town, port, and municipality (in subdivision of same 
name) in Tanna district, Bombay. Lat. 19 58', long. 72 45'. Pop. 
(1872), 3186. Area of subdivision, 643 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 109,322. 

DAHI. State in the Bhil Agency, Central India Agency ; subordinate 
to Indore. 

DAHIRA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. 

DAI. Village in Rai Bareli district, Oudh ; on the route from Cawn- 
pore to Partabgarh, fifty- six miles south-east of the former. Lat. 26 2', 
long. 81 14'. 

DAICHTJ. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Pokaran to Jodhpur, twenty-eight miles south-east of the former place. 
Lat. 26 47', long. 72 27' 

DAI-DA-RAI. Revenue circle in Thonkhwa district, British Burma ; 
on the right bank of the To river. Pop. (1876), 5319. 

DAIGLTJR. Town in Haiclarabad State ; 100 miles north-west from 
Haidarabad, and 46 miles south f rom Nandair. Lat. 18 32', long. 77 39'. 

DAIHINDIA. Village in Amraoti district, Berar; thirty-six miles 
south-west of Ellichpur. Lat. 20 50', long. 77 11'. 

DAIJBARA. Town in Broach district, Bombay ; on the headland 
bounding on the north the entrance of the estuary of the river Narbada. 
Distance from Surat, north, forty-two miles. Lat. 21 41', long. 72 34'. 



DAI DAL 211 

BAIL W AURA. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay; four miles north-east 
from Diu, and 106 miles south from Rajkot. Lat. 20 46', long. 71 2'. 

DAING-BTJN. Eevenue circle in Kyouk-hpyu district, British Burma. 
Area, 117 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 4111. 

DAIN-HAT. Town and municipality in Bardwan district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23 36' 24", long. 88 13' 50". Pop. (1881), 5789. 

DAINWAH. See DENWA. 

DAINWALL Town in Tanna district, Bombay; thirty-seven miles 
north-east of Bombay. Lat. 19 3', long. 73 25. 

DAI-PAI. Lake in Henzada district, British Burma. 

DAJEL (DAJAL). Town and fort in Dera Ghazi Khan district, 
Punjab; on the route from Dera Ghazi Khan to Bhag. Pop. (1881), 
5952. Lat. 29 37', long. 70 19'. 

DAJIPUR. Town in Kolhapur State, Bombay ; thirty miles south- 
west from Kolhapur, and fifty-three miles north-west from Belgaum. 
Lat. 16 22', long. 74. 

DAKATIA. River of Hill Tipperah State, and Tipperah and Koakhali 
districts, Bengal ; flows into the Meghna. 

DAKHILO. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 27', long. 
76 37'. 

DAKHINESWAR. Village in the Twenty-four Parganas district, 
Bengal ; north of Calcutta, on the Hugli river. Noted for its twelve 
beautiful temples in honour of Siva, built on the river bank. 

DAKIAT. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; close to the right bank 
of the Jumna. Lat. 30 49', long. 78 18'. 

DAKOR. Town and municipality in Kaira district, Bombay. Lat. 
22 45', long. 73 11'. Pop. (1881), 7771. A place of pilgrimage : on 
one occasion in the year as many as 100,000 devotees assemble together. 

DAKSHIN. See DECCAN. 

DAKSHIN SHAHBAZPTJR. Island of the Meghna estuary in Bakar- 
ganj district, Bengal. Lat. 22 16' 45" 22 51' 30", long. 90 39' 30" 
90 57' 15". Area, 615 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 212,230. The 
island was nearly depopulated by the cyclone of 31st October, 1876. 

DALA. Town in Rangoon district, British Burma ; on the right bank 
of the Rangoon river, adjoining Rangoon city. 

DALA. Branch of the Rangoon river, Rangoon district, British Burma. 

DALAMATT. See DALMATJ. 

DALA-NWON. River of Shwe-gyeng district, British Burma; falls 
into the Tsittoung. 

DALGOMA. Village in Goalpara district, Assam. Lat. 26 6', long. 
90 49'. 

DALHOTJSIE. Hill-station, municipality, cantonment, and hill sani- 
tarium in Gurclaspur district, Punjab. Lat. 32 31' 45", long. 76 0' 
15". 7687 feet high. Pop. (1881), 1610. 

DALINGKOT (DAMSANG). Part of Darjiling district, Bengal; east 
of the Tista river. 

DALKISOR See DHALKISOK. 

DALLAH. See DALA. 

DALLI. State in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Area, 52 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 3431, mostly Gonds. The capital of the same name 
is in lat. 21 5' 30", long. 80 16'. 



212 DAL DAM 

DALMA. Hills in Manbhum district, J3engal ; 3407 feet high. 

DALMAU. Town (in pargana of same name) in Rai Bareli district, 
Oudh ; on the Ganges. Lat. 26 3' 45", long. 81 4' 20". Pop. (1881), 
5367. There is a large fair held annually in the town, attended by from 
50,000 to 60,000 persons. Area of pargana, 253 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
139,184. Alsotahsil. Pop.(1881), 262,499. Andthana. Pop.(1881), 84,067. 

DALMI. Ruined fort with remains of temples in Manbhum district, 
Bengal ; on the Subarnarekha river, in lat. 23 4', long. 86 4'. 

D ALP ATPTIR. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh ; on the right bank 
of the Gogra, seven miles south-east of Faizabad, eighty-two east of 
Lucknow. Lat. 26 44', long. 82 14'. 

DALSINGHSARAI. Thana in Darbhangah district, Bengal. Area, 
273 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 279,504. 

DALTONGANJ Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal ; on the North 
Koel river, in lat. 24 2' 15", long. 84 6' 40". Named after Colonel 
Dalton, late Commissioner of Chutia Nagpur. Pop. (1881), 7440. Also 
than! Area, 428 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 64,202. 

DALTONGANJ COAL-FIELD. Coal-field in Lohardaga district, 
Bengal. 

DAMAKA. Town in Kamrup district, Assam, twenty-eight miles 
north-east of Goalpara. Lat. 26 27', long. 90 56'. 

DAMALCHERRL Pass in North Arcot district, Madras. Lat. 13 
25' 40", long. 79 5'. 

DAMAN. Town on the coast of the Northern Konkan, belonging to 
the Portuguese, though included within the limits of the presidency of 
Bombay. It is situate on the Damanganga, or river of Daman, which 
rises in the Ghats, about forty miles further east. It is intersected by 
the Bombay, Baroda, and Central Indian Railway. Area, 384 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 47,798. The district, of which the town is the principal 
place, is about ten miles in length from north to south, and five in 
breadth. Distance of the town of Daman from Bombay, north, 101 miles. 
Lat. 22 25', long. 72 53'. 

DAMAN (THE BORDER), so called because it stretches between 
the Sulaiman Mountains and the Indus. Part of Dera Ghazi Khan, Dera 
Ismail Khan, and Kohat districts, Punjab. The Daman is 300 miles 
long, from the Kala or Salt Range on the north, to the confines of Sind 
on the south, and has an average breadth of about sixty miles. Lat. 28 
40' 33 20', long. 69 30' 71 20'. 

DAMANGANGA (DAMUNGUNGA). River of Surat and Tanna 
districts, Bombay, and the Portuguese territory of Daman ; falls into the 
sea in lat. 20 23', long. 72 52'. 

DAMAN-I-KOH. Part of the Santal Parganas district, Bengal. Area, 
1366 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 353,403. 

DAMAO DE CIMA. Tillage in Daman district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 824. 

DAMAO PEQUENO. Tillage in Daman district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 4314. 

DAM-DAMA. See Duw-DuM. 

DAMDAMA. Town in Kotah State, Rajputana ; seventy-three miles 
north-east from Nimach, and eleven miles south from Kotah. Lat. 25, 
long. 75 56'. 



DAM DAff 213 

DAMMTJDAH. See DIMODAU. 

DAMNAGAR. District in Baroda State. Area, 132 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 14,168. 

DAMODAR. River of Lohardaga, Hazaribagh, Manbhum, Bardwan, 
Bankura, Hugh', and Howrah districts, Bengal ; after a course of about 
350 miles, fails into the Hugh', in lat. 22 17', long. 88 7' 30". Its 
chief tributary is the Barahkar. 

DAMOH. District in the Jabalpur division, Central Provinces; be- 
tween lat. 22 10' 23 30', and long. 79 5' 80. Bounded on the 
north by Bundelkhand, on tne east Dy Jabalpur district, on the south by 
Narsinhpur district, and on the west by Sagar district. Area, 2799 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 312,957. The chief hills are the Bhondla, the 
Bhanrer, and the Vindyachal ranges. The chief rivers are the Sonar 
and the Bairma. The capital is Damoh, and Hatta is also a large town. 
Damoh, which was formed into a separate district in 1861, is administered 
by a Deputy-Commissioner, with the usual staff of assistants. 

DAMOH. Capital (in tahsi'l of same name) of Damoh district, 
Central Provinces, and a municipality. Lat. 23 50', long: 79 29' 
30". Pop. (1881), 8665. Area of tahsil, 1792 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
187,897. 

DAMOXEM. Tillage in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 121. 

DAMRAS. Thana in Jalaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 10,218. 

DAMSANG. See DALINGKOT. 

DAMUK. Town in Amraoti district, Berar ; twenty-five miles south- 
east from Amraoti, eighty-five miles south-west from JSTagpur. Lat. 20 
30', long. 78 1'. 

DAMTJNGATJM. Town in Amraoti district, Berar ; twenty-nine miles 
south-east from Amraoti, and sixty-six miles south-west from Nagpur. 
Lat. 20 45', long. 78 14'. 

DAMTJRHTJDA. Thana in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 116 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 63,014. 

DAMTJRIA. Thana in Khulna district, Bengal. Area, 229 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 109,020. 

DANA. Town in Nepal State; 158 miles north-west from Khat- 
mandu, and 148 miles north-east from Faizabad. Lat. 28 47', long. 
83 3'. 

DANAYAKAN KOTTAL Town in Coimbatore district, Madras. 
Lat. 11 26', long. 77 7'. 

DANDAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 88. 

DANDERPHTJL. Town in JSasik district, Bombay, thirty-nine miles 
south-east of Msik. Lat. 19 33', long. 74 7'. 

DANDIAS. See DANTIW!RA. 

DANDIATI. Town in Nepal State; ninety-four miles south-east from 
Almora, and thirty-six miles south-west from Jemlah. Lat. 29 8' long. 
81 10'. 

DANGATJR. Town in Sarguja State, Bengal; twenty-seven miles 
south-west from Sarguja, and thirty-three miles north- west from Udaipur. 
Lat. 22 50', long. 82 53'. 

DANGKHAR. Town in Kangra district, Punjab; ninety-two miles 
north-east of Simla. Lat. 32 5', long. 78 15'. 



214 DAN 

BANGS, THE (DANG STATES). Sixteen States in the Khandesh 
Political Agency, Bombay; bounded north-west by the petty state of 
"VVarsavi in the Rewa Kantha Agency, north-east by the British Districts 
of Khandesh and Nasik, south by the Peint State in Nasik District, and 
west by the Bansda State in Surat District. The Dangs consist of sixteen 
petty States, ruled by Bhil chieftains, and extending from lat. 20 22' 
21 5', and from long. 73 28' 73 52'. The extreme length from north 
to south is fifty-two miles, and the breadth twenty-eight miles. Are;i, 
3840 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 60,270. The people and chiefs are Bhils. 
The sixteen States are : Dang Pimpri, Wadhwan, Jhari Garkhardi, 
Ketak, Amala, Chinchli, Pimpladevi, Palasbihar, Auchar, Derbhauti, 
Garvi, Siobara, Kirti, Wasurna, Dhude, Surgana. Political relations 
with the Dangs are in the hands of the Collector of Khandesh. 

DAN GURU. State in Bhandara district, Central Provinces ; on the 
left side of the Wainganga. Situated in lat. 21 36', long. 80 11'. 
Area, 1905 acres, of which two-thirds are cultivated, producing a large 
quantity of the castor-oil plant. The chief claims to be a Rajput. Pop. 
(1881), 406. 

DANGURTHUL. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; thirty-six miles 
south from Jaipur, and fifteen miles north from Tonk. Lat. 26 23', 
long. 75 56'. 

DANKAR. Tillage in Kangra district, Punjab. Lat. 32 5' 30", 
long. 78 15' 15"; at an elevation of 12,774 feet. 

DANKATIR. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bulandshahr dis- 
trict, N.W.P. Lat. 28 21' 25", long. 77 35' 35". Pop. (1881), 5122. 
Pop. of pargana (1881), 57,939. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 32,304. 

DANKIA. Mountain of Sikkim State, Bengal. Lat. 27 57' 30", 
long. 88 52' 15". In some parts this range attains a height of 23,176 
feet 

DANPUR. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; sixty-five miles 
south-east of Delhi. Lat. 28 7', long. 78 6'. 

DANPUR. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Moradabad, and twenty-two miles north of the former. 
Lat. 28 11', long. 78 16'. 

DANPUR. Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
33,424. 

DANTA. State in the Mahi Kantha Political Agency, Bombay. Pop. 
(1881), 17,456. The chief pays a yearly tribute of 237 to the Gaekwar 
of Baroda ; 52 to the Raja of Edar; and 50 to the Raja of Palanpur. 
The Amba Bhawani shrine, famous throughout India, is situated in this 
territory. It is visited by pilgrims of all ranks during August, 
September, October, and November, and costly offerings are presented to 
the goddess. 

DANTA. Capital of Danta State, Bombay; thirty-eight miles east 
of Dfsa, and 136 miles north of Baroda. Lat. 24 12' 15", long. 72 
49' 30". 

DANTIWARA. Village in Bastar State, Central Provinces. Lat. 
18 54', long. 81 23' 30"; at the junction of the Dankani and Sankani 
rivers. Pop. about 300. Famed for its temple to Danteswari or Kali, 
the patron goddess of the Rajas of Bastar, where human sacrifices were 
practised of old. 



DAN DAR 215 

DANTIWARA. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Jodhpur to Ajmere, and twenty-one miles east of the former. Lat. 
26 16', Ion?. 73 30'. 

DANTROI. Town in Sirohi State, Rajputana ; twenty-two miles 
south-west from Sirohi, and seventy-eight miles west from Udaipur. Lat. 
24 49', long. 72 35'. 

DANTUN. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal, thirty-two miles 
south of Midnapur. Lat. 21 57', long. 87 20'. 

DANTUN. Thana in Midnapur district, Bengal. Area, 217 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 128,447. 

DANU. Town in Tanna district, Bombay ; sixty-nine miles north of 
Bombay. Lat. 19 57', long. 72 43'. 

DANUGAL A. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 343. 

DA-NWON. Creek in Thonkhwa district, British Burma. Lat. 16 
25', long. 95 12' 30". 

DAOODNUGUR. See DATJDXAGAR. 

DAORALAH. See DAUBALA. 

DAPARA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 693. 

DAPCA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 328. 

DAPHLA (DUFFLA) HILLS. Frontier tract on the north of Darrang 
and Lakhimpur districts, Assam; inhabited by a wild tribe called Daphlas 
or Dufnas. During the course of 1874-75 an expedition was sent to 
Daphla to release some captives that had been seized in 1872. 

DAPULI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Ratnagiri district, 
Bombay; fifty-five miles north of Ratnagiri. Lat. 17 48', long. 73 16'. 
Area of subdivision, 505 sq.miles. Pop. (1881), 141,012. 

DAPURI. Town in Poona district, Bombay ; on the left bank of the 
Muta river, a feeder of the Bhima, four miles north of Poonah. Lat. 18 
32', long. 73 51'. 

DA-PYU-KHYAING. Revenue circle in Kyouk-hpyu district, British 
Burma. Area, 220 sq. miles, inclusive of Ma-i circle. Pop. (1876), 
3617. 

D A RAG AN J. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Jaunpur, and on the left bank of the Ganges, opposite 
the former town. Lat. 25 41', long. 81 21'. 

DARAMANI GHAT. See AMBEANHULLI. 

DARANAGAR. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Fatehpur, forty miles south-east of the latter place. 
Lat. 25 41', long. 81 25'. 

DARANAGAR. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bijnaur district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Moradabad to Muzaffarnagar, and forty 
miles south-east of the latter place. It is situated on the left bank of the 
Ganges. Lat. 29 17', long. 78 11'. Pop. of pargana (1881), 38.131. 

DARANAGARGANJ NAJABATPUR. Town in Bijnaur district, 
N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 3632. 

DARAPUR. Taluk and town in Coimbatore district, Madras. See 
DHARAPURAM. 

DARAPUR. Village in Jhelum district, Punjab ; about a mile from 
the right or west bank of the Jhulum. Close to it are extensive ruins, 



216 DAK 

called TJdainagar, -which Burnes supposed to be those of Nicsea, built by 
Alexander to commemorate his victory over Porus. Lat. 32 46' long. 
73 36'. 

DARAPURAM. See DHARAPURAM. 

DARAULI. Thana in Saran district, Bengal. Area, 267 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 222,618. 

DARATJTL Village in Shahabad district, Bengal ; five miles north- 
east of Ramgarh. 

DARAY. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 544. 

DARAY-BHYU. Arm of the sea in Bassein district, British Burma. 
Its mouth is in lat. 15 51' 20", long. 90 41' 20". 

DARAY-BOTJK. The northern mouth of the Salwin river, Martaban 
district, British Burma. 

D ARE ARRA. Fortress in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab; twelve 
miles north-west of Tak, and at the mouth of a pass into the Sulaiman 
Mountains. Lat. 32 15', long. 70 20'. 

DARBELO. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. 
(1872), 1159. 

DARBHANGAH. District in Patna division, Bengal ; bounded on 
the east by Muzatfarpur district, on the south by Monghyr district, on the 
west by Bhagalpur district, and on the north by Nepal State. Lat. 26 
40' 25 29', long. 85 34' 86 46'. Area (1881), 3335 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 2,633,447. Also subdivision. Area, 1222 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 969,999. And thana. Area, 428 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
403,519. 

DARBHANGAH. Town and municipality in Darbhangah district, 
Bengal; on the left bank of the Little Baghmati river. Lat. 26 10' 2", 
long. 85 56' 39". Pop. (1881), 65,955. The residence of the Maharaja 
of Darbhangah, a wealthy Zamindar, having a net rent-roll of over 
160,000 a year. 

DARBI. Town in Bhutan State ; sixty miles east from Darjiling, and 
105 miles north from Rangpur. Lat. 27 12', long. 89 18'. 

DARBTJNG (RUSHKATONG). River of Bashahr State, Punjab. 
After a total course of about twenty-seven miles, it falls into the Sutlej, 
in lat. 31 43', long. 78 35'. 

DARDI JANBAI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. 

DARGALIM. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 2857. 

DARHWA. Taluk in Wun district, Berar. Area, 1062 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 132,188. 

DARHYAL. Town in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
4651. 

DARIABAD. Town in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
5538. 

DARIEN. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 3181. 

DARIKI. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal ; thirty-six miles south- 
east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 4', long. 86 18'. 

DARIN MALESH WAR. Thana in Santal Parganas district, Bengal. 
Pop. (1881), 13,763. 



DAR 217 

PARISH. Town in Nellore district, Madras ; thirty miles north-west 
of Ongole. Lat. 15 48', long. 79 44'. 

DAR JILING. District in the Kuch Behar division, Bengal. Be- 
tween lat. 26 30' 50" 27 12' 45", and long. 88 1' 30" 88 56' 35". 
Situated in the Himalayas, between Nepal State on the west, Sikkim 
State on the north, Bhutan State and Jalpaiguri district on the 
east, and Purniah district on the south. The loftiest peaks of the 
Himalayas (and the highest known mountains in the world), Mount 
Everest and Kanchanjanga, are just outside the district. The rivers are 
Tista and Mahananda. Area, 1234 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 155,179. 
The Northern Bengal Railway skirts the district. 

DARJILING. Subdivision of district of same name, Bengal. Lat. 
26 46' 30" 27 12' 45", long. 88 1' 30" 88 33' 30". Area, 960 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1872), 46,707. Also thana. Area, 306 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 52,318. 

DARJILING. Town, municipality, and hill-sanitarium, the capital 
of Darjiling district, Bengal ; height above the sea, 6500 to 7500 feet. 
Lat. 27 2' 48", long. 88 18' 36". Pop. (1881), 7018. 

DARKUTL Hill State, Punjab. Area, 5 sq. miles. Lat. 31 7', 
long. 77 38' 30". Pop. (1881), 590. 

DARMA. Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. 

BARMAN. Town in Gurdaspur district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 1618. 

DARMAPATAM. River in Malabar district, Madras ; flows into the 
sea near Tellicherri. 

DARMAPATAM. Town in Malabar district, Madras ; on an island 
in the river of the same name. Lat. 11 46', long. 75 30'. Area, 6 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1871), 4736. 

DARMAPTTR. Town in Salem district, Madras; thirty-three miles 
north of Salem. Lat. 12 9', long. 78 14'. 

DARMUDAR. Town in Nepal State ; 190 miles west from Khat- 
mandu, and 103 miles north from Faizabad. Lat. 28 17', long. 82 19'. 

DARO. Town in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 1012. 

DARRAH. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal; fifty miles south- 
west of Rajmahal. Lat. 24 45', long. 87 5'. 

DARRANG. District in Assam ; between lat. 26 12' 30" 27 2' 
30", and long. 91 45' 93 50'. Bounded on the north by the Bhutia, 
Daphla, and Aka Hills ; on the east by Lakhimpur district ; on the south 
by the Brahmaputra ; and on the west by Kamrup district. Area, 
3418 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 273,333. The chief mountains are the 
Himalayas, and their offshoots the Bhutia, Daphla, and Aka Hills. The 
chief river is the Brahmaputra, with its tributaries, the Bhairabi, the 
Ghiladari, and others. Tezpur is the capital, at the junction of the 
Brahmaputra and the Bhairabi. 

DARRANGIRL Village in the Garo Hills district, Assam ; on the 
Someswari river. Lat. 25 46', long. 90 56'. 

DARRTJR. Town in .Haidarabad State; 185 miles north-west from 
Haidarabad, and 72 miles south from Jalna. Lat. 18 50', long. 76 11'. 

DARSENDA. See KAMASAN . 

DARSHANGANJ. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh ; near the right 
bank of the river Gogra, five miles south-east of Faizabad. Distant east 
irom Lucknow eighty miles. Lat. 26 44', long. 82 12'. 



218 DAE DAS 

DARSI. Town (in taluk of same name) in JSTellore district, Madras. 
Lat. 15 48', long. 79 44'. Pop. (1871), 1831. Area of taluk, 588 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1871), 73,139. 

DARWA. Town (in taluk of same name) in Wun district, Berar. 
Lat. 20 18' 30", long. 77 49'. Pop. of taluk (1881), 132,788. 

DARWANL Tillage in Eangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 53' 15", 
long. 88 55' 15". Seat of an annual fair of considerable importance, at 
which cattle and horses form the principal articles of sale. 

DARWANL Thana in Eangpur district, Bengal. Area, 204 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 137,054. 

DARYABAD. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bara Banki 
district, Oudh. Lat 26 53', long. 81 36'. Pop. (1881), 5538. Area 
of pargana, 214 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 128,644. 

DARYAGANJ. Town in Parrukhabad district, N.W.P., thirty-three 
miles north-west of Farrukhabad. Lat. 27 37', long. 79 8'. 

DARYA KHAN. Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab f near 
the left bank of the Indus, and eleven miles east of the town of Dera 
Ismail Khan. Lat. 31 45', long. 71 5'. 

DARYA KHERI. State in the Bhopal Agency, Central India Agency. 

DARYAPUR. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Ellichpur district, Berar. Lat. 20 56', long. 77 22' 30". Pop. (1881), 
2203. Area of taluk, 505 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 123,139. 

DARYAPUR (DERIAPUR). Tillage in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Meerut to Moradabad, and forty-four miles south-east 
of the former place ; distant north-west from Calcutta, 888 miles. Lat. 
28 51', long. 78 21'. 

DASADA State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 119 sq. miles. 

DA8ADAR. Chiefship in Jhalavar division, Kathiawar, Bombay. 
Area, 120 sq. miles. 

DASIRA. Tillage in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Delhi, and twenty-four miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 28 10', long. 77 58'. 

DASKA Town in Sialkot district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 5525. 
Lat. 32 20', long. 74 24' 6". 

DASKROI. Subdivision in Ahmedabad district, Bombay. Pop. 
(1881), 143,942. 

DASNA (DASNTTH). Town (in pargana of same name) in Meerut 
district, N.W.P.; on the route from Delhi to Ghurmuktisur, and eighteen 
miles east of the former. Elevation above the sea, 821 feet. Lat. 28 
40' 30", long. 77 33' 55". Pop. (1881), 4166. Pop. of pargana (1881), 
76,147. A religious Muslim fair is held annually in this town, as also 
two Hindu gatherings. 

DASOLI. Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
10,043. 

DA80RI. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; seventy-nine miles 
north from Jodhpur, and fifty miles south-west from Bikaner. Lat. 27 
25', long. 72 56'. 

DASPALLA. State in Orissa, Bengal. Lat. 20 10' 50" 20 35", 
long. 84 31' 45" 85 8'. Area, 568 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 41,608. 
The Eaja, who pays a yearly tribute of 66 to the British Government, 
maintains a force of 521 men, and 269 police. 



DAS DAJJ 219 

DASPTTR. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal; thirty-one miles 
north-east of Midnapur. Lat. 22 37', long. 87 50'. 

DASPUR. Thana in Midnapur district, Bengal. Area, 104 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 115,269. 

DASUYA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Hoshiarpur district, 
Punjab. Lat. 31 49', long. 75 41' 45". Pop. (1881), 6248. Area of 
tahsil, 384 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 218,644. 

DATAGANJ. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Budaun district, 
KW.P. Pop. (1881), 2442. Area of tahsil, 437 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
186,815. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 63,421. 

DATAULL Town in Alfgarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 3162. 

DATCHAP ALL Town in Kistna district, Madras ; fifty-two miles 
north-west of Gantur. Lat. 16 37', long. 79 48'. 

DATHA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying an annual tribute of 
509 to the Gaekwar, and 29 to Junagarh. Area. 68 sq. miles. 

DATIA. State in Bundelkhand, in the Central India Agency. Lat. 
25 34' 26 17', long. 78 17' 78 56'. Area, 837 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 182,598. Bounded on the east by Jhansi district, on the south, 
west, and north, by Gwalior State. The Chief has the right of adoption, 
and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. The military force consists of 97 
guns, 160 gunners, 700 cavalry, and 3040 infantry. 

DATIA. Capital of Datia State, Central India Agency, lying on 
the road from Agra to Sagar, 125 miles south-east of the former, 
and 148 miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 25 40', long. 78 30' 
Pop. (1881), 28,346. 

DATIVRE. Port in Tanna district, Bombay. Lat. 19 17', long. 72 50'. 

DATMIR. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P.; on the left bank of 
the Supin or Tons. Elevation above the sea, 8354 feet. Lat. 31 5', 
long. 78 20'. 

DATRI. Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; on' the route from the 
city of Agra to Etawah, and twenty-nine miles north-west of the latter. 
Lat. 27 5', long. 78 42'. 

DATTAW. Tributary of the Irawadi river, in British Burma. 

DATT'S BAZAR. Village in Maimansinh district, Bengal; on the 
Brahmaputra river. Pop. about 1000. 

DAUDAUND. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal ; forty-four miles 
south-west of Kajmahal. Lat. 24 39', long. 87 17. 

DAUD KAILI. Town in Bannu district, Punjab; situated on an 
offset of the river Indus, six miles south of the town of Kalabagh. Lat. 
32 51', long. 71 35'. 

DATJDKANDL Town in Tipperah district, Bengal; twenty- two 
miles south-east of Dacca. Lat. 23 31', long. 90 41'. 

DAUDKHANDL Thana in Tipperah district, Bengal. Area, 205 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 143,222. 

DAUDNAGAR. Town in Gaya district, Bengal. Lat. 25 2' 39", long. 
84 26'^35. Pop. (1881), 9870. Pour miles out of Daiidnagar, on the road 
to Gaya, there is a beautiful temple, the carving of which was executed 
atMirzapur. Also thana. Area, 241 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 102,166. 

DAUDPTJR. Town in Kalahandi State, Central Provinces; ninety 
miles west from Gumsur. Lat. 19 59', long. 83 19'. 

DAUDPUR. Village in Eangpur district, Bengal. 



220 DAU 

DATJDPUR. Village in Sultanpur district, Oudh ; on the route from 
Lucknow to Sultanpur, twelve miles west of the latter. Lat. 26 18', 
long-. 81 57'. 

DAUDPUR. Town in Birbhum district, Bengal ; twenty miles south 
of Murshidabad. Lat. 23 54', long. 88 15'. 

DAUDZAL Tahsil in Peshawar district, Punjab. Area, 156 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1868), 72,676. 

DATTJA. Village in Allahabad district, 1ST.W.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Banda, and twenty miles west of the former. Lat. 25 
23', long. 81 35'. 

DAUKORE.- Town in Kaira district, Bombay; thirty-one miles east 
of Kaira. Lat. 22 42', long. 73 10'. 

DAULANG. Town in Amherst district, British Burma ; thirty-eight 
miles north-east of Maulmain. Lat. 16 42', long. 98 14'. 

DAULATABAD. Town in Haidarabad State. Lat. 19 57', long. 
75 18'; ten miles north-west from Aurangabad, 170 north-east of 
Bombay, and 280 north-west of Haidarabad. Contains a celebrated 
fortress and town, sometimes called Deogiri. 

DAULATABAD. See KRISHNAGIRI. 

DAULAT BAZAR. Thana in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Area, 
63 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 39,568. 

DAULATGANJ. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal ; twenty-one miles 
east of Krishnagar. Lat. 23 25', long. 88 50'. 

DAULATGANJ. Thana in Lucknow district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
38,415. 

DAULATGARH. Town in Udaipur State, Rajputana ; six miles from 
the right of the Kori river, and fifty-seven miles south-west from Nasir- 
abad. Lat. 25 37', long. 74 25'. 

DAULAT KHAN. Village in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Lat. 22 
38', long. 90 50' 30". Pop. about 5000. 

DAULATNAGAR. Town in Gujarat district, Punjab ; situated on the 
route from Wazirabad to Bhimbar, twenty miles north of the former. 
Lat. 32 47', long. 74 9', 

DAULATPUR. Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Kalpi to Partabgarh, and three miles north of the former. Lat. 26 
9', long. 79 49'. 

DAULATPUR. Village in Saharanpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from !Saharanpur to Hardwar, and 27 miles east of the former town. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta 938 miles. Lat. 30 6', long. 77 57'. 

DAULATPUR. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay ; ten 
miles from the left bank of the Indus, and seventy-eight miles north of 
Haidarabad. Lat. 26 29', long. 68 5'. 

DAULATPUR. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; forty- 
one miles south-west from Bhopal, and fifty-five miles west from 
Hoshangabad. Lat, 22 53', long. 76 54'. 

DAULATPUR. Thana in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 115 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 74,178. 

DAULATPUR. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 
26 30' 30", long. 68 0' 15". Pop. (1871), 1159. 

DAULATPUR. Village in Sind, Bombay, near the left bank of the 
Indus. Lat. 28 19', long. 69 45'. 



DATJ DAV 221 

DATJLATWALLAH. Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; 
eighty miles north-west of Dera Ghazi Khan, sixty miles south-west of 
Dera Ismail Khan. Lat. 31 10', long. 70 20'. 

DAULESWAR. See DOWLAISHVAKAM. 

DATJLI (DHAITLI). River of Kumaun district, KW.P. ; one of tho 
headwaters of the Alaknanda. 

DAULL See DHATJLI. 

DAULPURI. See DHOLPTJRI:. 

DATJLTITPTJR. See DAULATPUR. 

DAUMNAGAR. Town in Baroda State ; distance from Ahraedabad, 
south-west, 120 miles; Baroda, south-west, 120; Surat, north-west, 98; 
Bombay, north-west, 208. Lat. 21 40', long. 71 30'. 

DAITNA. Town in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces ; 1 33 miles 
north-west from Sambalpur, and twenty-one miles south from Ratanpur. 
Lat. 21 57', long. 82 2'. 

DATINABAD. Town in Lahore district, Punjab ; on a feeder of the 
river Ravi, sixty miles south-west of the town of Lahore. Lat. 31 7', 
long. 73 21'. 

DATJNAT. Hills in Amherst district, British Burma. The main 
range commences in lat. 16 5' 45", long. 98 42' 3'. 

DATJNDIAKHERA. Town (in pargana of same name) in IJnao dis- 
trict, Oudh ; on the left bank of the Ganges, fifty miles south of Lucknow, 
thirty south-east of Cawnpore. Lat. 26 10', long. 80 42'. Area of 
pargana, 64 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 33,467. 

DATING, THE. See DANG STATES. 

DAUNTA. See DANTA. 

DAUPTJR. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
2658. 

DATIRAHAH SIRL Village in Ludhiana district, Punjab ; distant 
north-west from Calcutta 1075 miles. Lat. 30 48', long. 76 8'. 

D AURAL A. Village in Meerut district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Meerut to Saharanpur, and eight miles north of the former place. Distant 
north-west from Calcutta 938 miles. Lat. 29 7', long. 77 46'. 

DAURALA. Thana in Meerut district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
44,422. 

DAUR VALLEY. Valley in Bannu district, Punjab; eighty miles 
west of Kala Bagh, and 102 south-west from Kohat. Lat. 32 55', 
long. 70 10'. 

DATJSAH. See DEOSA"R. 

DATISAN. See DISATH*. 

DATTSNL Thana in Saharanpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
21,674. 

DAVADANAPATL Town in Madura district, Madras; thirty three 
miles north-west of Madura. Lat. 10 8', long. 77 43'. 

DAVAGTJDIT. Town in Nellore district, Madras ; twelve miles south- 
west of Ongole. Lat. 15 20', long. 80. 

DAVANGERE. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Chitaldrug district, Mysore State. Lat. 14 28', long. 75 59'. Pop. 
(1871), 6596. Area of taluk, 357 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 105,987. 

DAVANKONDA. Town in Bellary district, Madras ; fifty-two miles 
north-east of Bellary. Lat. 15 33', long. 77 37'. 



222 DAY DEB 

DAVAROY DRUG. Town in Mysore State ; seventy-six miles north- 
east from Serin gapatam, and thirty-nine miles north-west from Bangalore. 
Lat. 13 22', long. 77 16'. 

DAVEM. Tillage in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 247. 

DAVERHALI. Town in Mysore State ; sixty-eight miles north- 
east from Bednor, and 126 miles north from Seringapatam. Lat. 14 6', 
long. 76 2'. 

DAVERKONDA. Town in Haidarabad State ; on a hill near the left 
or northern side of a feeder of the river Pedawag, one of the tributaries 
of the Godavari. Distant from the city of Haidarabad, south, fifty-two 
miles. Lat. 16 42', long. 78 49'. 

DAVIPUR. Tillage in Moradabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Moradabad to Almora, and twelve miles north of the former. Lat. 
28 59', long. 78 54'. 

DAVTILGHAT. Town in Haidarabad State ; seventy miles north-east 
from Aurangabad, and 100 miles south-west from Ellichpur. Lat. 20 
30', long. 76 11'. 

DAWA. State in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Area, 26 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 4997. Dawa, the capital of same name, is in lat. 
21 11', long. 80 13'. 

D AWL AN. Eevenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. 

DAYA. One of the mouths of the Koyakhai river, in Puri district, 
Bengal. 

DAYANG. River in Assam ; falls into the Dhaneswari in lat. 26 26', 
long. 93 58'. 

DAYAGANJ. Town in Mainpuri district, KW.P. 

DEAGANJ. Tillage in Mainpuri district, K.W.P. ; on the route from 
Agra to Etawah, and forty-six miles south-east of the former. Lat. 27 
3', long. 78 46'. 

DEAMAH. Town in Sultanpur district, Oudh; on the route from 
Partabgarh to Sultanpur, thirteen miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 
26 10', long. 82 3'. 

DEARY. Town in Amraoti district, Berar ; seventeen miles south- 
east from Ellichpur and thirteen miles north from Amraoti. Lat. 21, 
long. 77 44'. 

DEATPOR. Town in Maldah district, Bengal; twenty-five miles 
north-west of Maldah. Lat. 25 12', long. 87 52'. 

DEBAR (DEBUR). A considerable lake in Udaipur State, Rajpu- 
tana ; it is about nine miles in length by five in breadth, and is fed by 
several streams flowing from the northward. On its southern side it has 
an outlet by a stream flowing into the Mahi river. Distant south-east 
from TJdaipur thirty miles. Lat. 24 12', long. 74 4'. 

DEBHATA. Tillage and municipality in the Twenty-four Parganas 
district, Bengal. Lat. 22 33' 30", long. 89 0' 15". Pop. (1881), 5514. 

DEBI PAT AN. Tillage in Gonda district, Oudh. Lat. 27 32' 8", 
long. 82 26' 30". A large religious fair is held in this village, at- 
tended by upwards of 100,000 persons, when a large number of animals 
are sacrificed at the temple of Siva. 

DEBIPUR. Than a in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Area, 
50 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 43,455. 



DEB DEH 223 

DEBIPTJRA. See DAVTPTJR. 

DEBRA. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal; sixteen miles east of 
Midnapur. Lat. 22 23', long. 87 39'. 

DEBRA. Thana in Midnapur district, Bengal. Area, 109 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 70,126. 

DEBURA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank of 
the river Rapti, fifty-one miles north-west of Gorakhpur. Lat. 27 17', 
long. 82 58'. 

DECCAN, in its usual acceptation, implies the tract of country in 
Southern India, situate between the Karbada and the Kistna rivers. 
Properly speaking, however, it includes the whole of the territory lying 
south of the Yindhya Mountains, which separate it from Hindustan on 
the north. Taken in its latter extent, it comprehends the valley of the 
Narbada, and the narrow tract of lowland forming a belt round the coast 
of the Peninsula ; and it occupies, in addition thereto, the vast expanse 
of triangular table-land, which, resting on each side upon the Eastern 
and Western Ghats, is supported at its base by the sub-Yindhyan range, 
termed the Satpura Mountains. 

DECCAN SHABAZPOR. See DAKSHIN-SH!HBAZPUR. 

DECKNALL. See DHENKANAL. 

DEDAN. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying an annual tribute o 
295 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Area, 49 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 5437. 

DEDHROTA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 1187. 
The Chief pays a yearly tribute of 69 18*. to the Gaekwar of Baroda, 
and of 7 8s. to Edar. 

DEDTIRDA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute of 
10 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

DEEG. See DIG. 

DEEGH. See DIG. 

DEEPLA. See DIPLA. 

DEESA. See DI'SA. 

DEESAUN. See DHASATT. 

DEGAM. Port in Broach district, Bombay. Lat. 22 I 1', long. 72 
39' ; on the left bank of the Mahi river, about a mile from the Gulf of 
Cambay, and eighteen miles north-west of Jambusar town. Pop. (1872), 
2331. 

DEGANGA. Thana in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Area, 
79 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 53,516. 

DEGAON. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency; fifty 
miles east from Bhopal, and fifty-six miles south-west from Sagar. Lat. 
23 17', long. 78 10'. 

DEGH. River in Jammu State, and in Sialkot, Lahore, and Mont- 
gomery districts, Punjab; falls into the Ravi, in lat. 31 2', long. 
73 24'. 

DEHAT AMANAT. Pargana in Benares district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 258,108. 

DEHEGATIN. Town (in district of same name) in Baroda State, 
Bombay; on the route from Ahmedabad to Nimach, seventeen miles 
north-east of the former, 165 south-west of the latter. Pop. 8000. 
Lat. 23 8', long. 72 50'. Area of district, 293 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
64,584. 



224 DEH DEL 

DEHEJ. Port in Broach district, Bombay. Lat. 21 42' 45", long. 
72 38' 30" ; on the right bank of the Narbada, about three miles 
from the sea, and twenty-six miles west of Broach. Pop. (1872), 
2092. 

DEHGONG. See DEHEGAUN. 

DEHLL See DELHI. 

DEHMA. Pargana in Ghazipur district, KAV.P. Pop. (1881), 
11,051. 

DEHPTIR. Town in Nasik district, Bombay ; twenty-five miles 
south-east of Kasik. Lat. 19 53', long. 74 10'. 

BEHRA. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in Dehra 
Dun district, KW.P. Lat. 30 19' 59", long. 78 5' 57". Pop. (1881), 
18,959. Area of tahsil, 677 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 98,953. 

DEHRA DUN. District in Meerut division, N.W.P. ; between lat. 
29 57' 30 59', and long. 77 37' 15" 78 22' 45". Area, 1193 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 144,070. Bounded on the north by Garhwal State, 
on the west by Sirmur State and Umballa district, on the south by 
Saharanpur district, and on the east by Garhwal district and state. 
The chief town is Dehra. The chief rivers are the Ganges and Jumna. 
The mountains are the Himalaya and the Siwaliks. The district is 
administered by a Superintendent with the powers of a Magistrate and 
Collector. Also tahsil. Pop. (1881), 98,953. And thana. Pop. (1881), 
62,622. 

DEHRAH. See DEHEA. 

DEHRI. Town on the west bank of the Son, in Shahabad district, 
Bengal. Lat. 24 54' 30", long. 84 12' 30". 

DEHRI. Thana in Shahabad district, Bengal. Area, 169 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 78,884. 

DEHWARI. Town in Satara district, Bombay; thirty-nine miles 
east of Satara. Lat. 17 42', long. 70 40'. 

DEJIKOT. See Dm. 

DEKTATILL Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to that of Etawah, and thirty-four miles north-west of the 
latter. Lat. 27 8', long. 78 38'. 

DEKTATIN. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Mhow to Baroda, twenty miles west of former, 196 east of 
latter. Elevation above the sea, 1881 feet. Lat. 22 34', long. 
75 31'. 

DELHI. Division of the Punjab, containing the three districts of 
Delhi, Gurgaon, and Karnal, q.v. ; between lat. 27 39' 30 11', and 
long. 76 13' 77 35'. Area, 5610 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,907,984. 

DELHI. District in the Punjab; between lat. 28 12' 29 13', and 
long. 76 51' 15" 77 34' 45". Area, 1276 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
643,515. Bounded on the north by Karnal district, on the west by 
Rohtak district, on the south by Gurgaon district, and on the east by 
the Meerut and Bulandshahr districts of the N.W.P., across the Jumna. 
The chief towns are, Delhi (the capital), Sonpat, and Faridabad. The 
chief river is the Jumna. The district, which is traversed by the East 
Indian Railway and Rajputana State Railway, is administered by a 
Deputy Commissioner, two Assistant Commissioners, and the usual staff. 
Also tahsil. Area, 434 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 317,802. 



DEL DEO 225 

DELHI. City (and station on East Indian Railway) in Delhi district, 
Punjab. Lat. 28 38' 58", long. 77 16' 30". Pop. (1881), 173,393. 
The most famous city in India, for its historical associations and its archi- 
tectural adornments, having for many years been the seat of government 
of the Great Mughal. 

DELLAMKOTTAH. Town in Bhutan State ; twenty-seven miles 
east from Darjiling, and ninety-nine miles north from Dinajpur. Lat. 
26 59', long. 88 44'. 

DELLY MOUNT. See DILLY. 

DELOLL State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 904. The 
chief pays an annual tribute of 25 10s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

DEMAGrIRL Waterfall on the Karnaphuli river in the Chittagong 
Hill Tracts district, Bengal. 

DEMAUN. See DAM!N. 

DEMNIM. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 204. 

DEMRL River of Thibet and Bhutan State, flows into the Monas, a 
tributary of the Brahmaputra, in lat. 27 2', long. 91 10'. 

DENDAURA. Village in Farrukhabad district, JSVW.P. ; on the 
route from Cawnpore to Fatehgarh, and thirty- six miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 26 59', long. 80 2'. 

DENDRAH. Town in Kashmir State ; twenty-one miles north from 
Jammu. Lat. 32 55', long. 74 50'. 

DENKANKOTAI (DENKANIKOTTA). Town in Salem district, 
Madras. Lat. 12 31' 45", long. 77 49' 50". Pop. (1872), 4797. 
Sixty-eight miles north of Salem. 

DENWA. River of Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces ; it falls 
into the Tawa in lat. 22 34', long. 78 0' 30". 

DENWA. Forest in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces. 

DEO. Town in Gaya district, Bengal. Lat. 24 39' 30", long. 84 
28' 38". The present chief, Sir Jai Prakash Sinh, K.C.S.I., received the 
title of Maharaja Bahadur, with a Knight Commandership of the Star of 
India, for his services in 1857. 

DEOBAND (DEOBTJND). Town and municipality (in tahsil of 
same name) in Saharanpur district, 1ST.W.P. Pop. (1882), 22,116. Lat. 
29 41' 50", long. 77 43' 10". Area of tahsil, 387 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 211,058. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 80,357. And pargana. 
Pop. (1881), 78,219. 

DEOCHA. Village in Birbhum district, Bengal, noted for its manu- 
facture of iron. 

DEOCHUNPUR. Village in Ghazipur district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Benares to Ghazipur, twenty-four miles north-east of the former. 
It is situate on the left bank of the Ganges, twenty miles west of 
Ghazipur. Lat. 25 31', long. 83 16'. 

DEODANGAR. Hill in Ganjam district, Madras. Lat. 18 54' 35", 
long. 84 6' 2". Height, 4534 feet above the sea. 

)EODAR (DEODUR). Native State in the Palanpur Agency, 
Bombay ; bounded on the north by Tharad, on the east by Kankrej, on 
the south by Bhabhar and Terwara, and on the west by Suigam and 
Tharad. Area, 440 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 19,701. The chief town is 
Deodar. Lat. 24 8' 30", long, 71 49'. 

15 



226 DEO 

DEO DHURA Temple in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on a lofty 
summit in the Sub-Himalaya, or mountain system south of the principal 
range, on the route from Champawat to Almora, south-east of Fort 
Almora nineteen miles. Elevation of summit above the sea, 6780 feet. 
Lat. 29 25' long. 79 56'. 

DEOGAON. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Azamgarh district, 
N.W.P. ; nine miles from the left bank of the Gumti, twenty-nine miles 
north of Benares, twenty-one south-west of Azamgarh. Lat. 25 44', 
long. 83 3'. Area of tahsil, 261 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 239,425. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 115,322. And thana. Pop. (1881), 
65,069. 

DEOGAON. Town in Ajmere district, Bajputana ; fifty miles south- 
east from Ajmere, thirty-one miles west of Tonk. Lat. 26 10', long. 
75 26'. 

DEOGARH. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Santal Parganas 
district, Bengal. Lat. 24 29' 34", long. 86 44' 35". Pop. (1881), 
8005. Area of subdivision, 934 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 251,407. Also 
thana. Pop. (1881), 127,846. 

DEOGARH. Port (in subdivision of the same name) in Eatnagiri 
district, Bombay. Lat. 16 22', long. 73 24'. 

DEOGARH. Village in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
21 53', long. 78 46'. Twenty-four miles south-west of Chhindwara 
town. 

DEOGARH. State forest in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. 
Area, about 90 sq. miles. 

DEOGARH. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; twenty- 
six miles south-east from Gwalior, and fifty-six miles south-west from 
Etawah. Lat. 26 5', long. 78 39'. 

DEOGARH. Town in Udaipur State, Bajputana; sixty-two miles 
north of the town of Udaipur. Lat. 25 31', long. 73 58'. Pop. (1881), 
6846. 

DEOGARH (TITGIR). Village in Karauli State, Bajputana ; twenty 
miles south-west of Karauli. Lat. 26 5', long. 77. 

DEOGARH. Village in Jodhpur State, Bajputana ; on the route from 
Pokaran to Jodhpur, and seven miles north of the latter. Lat. 26 25', 
long. 73 8'. 

DEOGARH. Town in Bamra State, Central Provinces; fifty miles 
east from Sambalpur. Lat. 21 32', long. 84 47'. 

DEOGARH. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces, fifty-five 
miles north-west from Nagpur. Lat. 21 53', long. 78 46'. 

DEOGHUR BARRIA.-See BARIA. 

DEOGONG. See DEOGAON. 

DEOGTIR. See DEOGARH. 

DEOHRA. Village upon a tributary of the river Palar in Bashahr 
State, Punjab. Lat. 31 6', long. 77 44'. 

DEOHURL Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; close to the route 
from Bareilly to Almora, and thirty-four miles north of the former. Lat. 
28 53', long. 79 31'. 

DEO JANA. See DUJANA. 

DEO KHAS. Town in Gaya district, Bengal; thirty-nine miles 
south-west of Gaya. Lat. 24 40', long. 84 29'. 



DEO 227 

DEOKXJLTI. Village in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Benares to Ghazipur, twenty -nine miles north-east of the former, 
seventeen west of the latter. It is situate three miles north of the 
left bank of the Ganges, and on the river Gangi. Lat. 25 33', long. 
83 18'. 

DEOLALL Cantonment in ISasik district, Bombay. Lat. 19 56' 20", 
long. 73 51' 30". Pop. (1872), 1906. Deolali is the Railway Station at 
which all reliefs are halted for the first time after disembarkation at 
Bombay. 

DEOLGAON RAJA. Town in Berar. Pop. (1881), 7025. 

DEOLL Town in Wardha district, Central Provinces. Lat. 20 39', 
long. 78 31' 30". Pop. (1881), 5126. 

DEOLIA. Town in A j mere district, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Udaipur to Kishangarh, forty-six miles south of the latter. Lat. 25 54', 
long. 74 53'. 

DEONELLY. Town in Mysore State ; twenty-two miles north-east 
of Bangalore, ninety north-east of Seringapatam. Lat. 13 15', long. 
77 46'. 

DEONTHAL (DEONTHUL). Village on the banks of the river 
Gambhar, in Simla district, Punjab ; on the route from Subathu to 
Simla, and 3 miles north of the former station ; 2200 feet above the sea. 
Lat. 31 1', long. 77 2'. 

DEONTHAL (DEONTUL). Peak in Hindur State, Punjab; a 
summit of the Malaun ridge, celebrated as the spot where the obstinately- 
contested Gurkha war was virtually decided. Lat. 31 11', long. 76 53'. 

DEOPRAG. See DEOPEAYAG. 

DEOPRAYAG. Village in Garhwal district, N.W.P. Lat. 30 8', 
long. 78 39'. A very sacred place, at the point where the Alaknanda 
and the Bhagirathi unite to form the Ganges. There is a temple, said 
by the Brahmans to be upwards of 10,000 years old. 

DEORA KOT. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2462. 

DEORALIO. Town in Nepal State ; fifty- six miles north from Khat- 
mandu, and 140 miles east from Malebum. Lat. 28 29', long. 85 31'. 

DEORALLI (DEVALI). Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. Lat. 
30 50', long. 78 17'. 

DEORANIA. Thana in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
33,253. 

DEORI. Town in Gaya district, Bengal; 100 miles west of Gaya, 
Lat. 24 30', long. 83 32'. 

DEORI. State in liaipur district, Central Provinces ; on the west of 
the Tonk river. Area, 149 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2032. The capital 
is in lat. 21 16' 30", long. 82 46' 30". 

DEORI (BURADEORI, BARADEORI). Town in Sagar district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 23 23', long. 79 4'. About thirty-seven miles 
south of Sagar, on the Narsinhpur road, at an elevation of 1700 feet 
above sea-level. Pop. (1881), 7414. 

DEORIA. Tahsil of Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Area, 869 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 481,145. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 88,837. 

DEOSA.-See DEOSAE. 

DEOSAR. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 51', long. 
76 23', 



228 DEO DEE, 

DEOSIH. Tillage in Kashmir State, Punjab ; fifty-six miles north 
from Srinagar. Lat. 34 53', long. 75 2'. 

DEOTAN. Town in Betul district, Central Provinces ; on the route 
from Betul to Mhow, sixteen miles north-west of the former. Lat. 21 
59', long. 77 46'. 

DEOTHAN. Village in Muttra district, N.W.P ; on the route from 
Muttra to Delhi, and twenty-five miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
27 45', long. 77 32'. 

DEOTIGARH. Eange of mountains in Assam. 

DEPALPUR. Town in Indore State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Mhow to Nimach, twenty-seven riiiles north-west of former, 
128 south-east of latter. Distance, south-west, from Ujjain twenty- seven 
miles. Lat. 22 50', long. 75 34'. 

DERA. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; thirty miles north of 
Allahabad, eighty south-east of Lucknow. Lat. 25 49', long. 81 
37'. 

DERA. Town in Peshawar district. Punjab ; on the left bank of the 
river Indus, eighty-three miles north-east of the town of Peshawar. Lat. 
34 24', long. 72 59'. 

DERA. Tahsil in Kangra district, Punjab. Area, 502 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 121,423. 

DERA DIN PAN AH. Town in Muzaffargarh district, Punjab ; near 
the left bank of the Indus, on the route from Multan to Leiah, and forty 
miles north-west of the former place. Lat. 30 25', long. 71 3'. 

DERA DIN PAN AH. Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; 
on the right or west bank of the Indus. Lat. 30 40', long. 70 52'. 

DERA FATEH KHAN. Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; 
on a small western branch of the Indus, and at no great distance from the 
main stream. Lat. 31 9', long. 70 50'. 

DERA GHAZI KHAN. District in the Derajat division, Punjab; 
between lat. 28 27' 31 14' 30", and long. 69 35' 70 59'. Area, 
4517 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 363,346. The chief tows are Dera Ghazi 
Khan, Dajal and Jampur. The chief river is the Indus. The chief 
mountains are the Sulaiman Hills. The administration is conducted by a 
Deputy-Commissioner and staff. 

DERA GHAZI KHAN. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same 
name) in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab; situate about two miles 
from the right or west bank of the Indus, which formerly flowed close to 
the town. Lat. 30 3' 57", long. 70 49' 8". Pop. (1881), 22,309. 
Area of tahsil, 1362 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 159,733. 

DERA ISMAIL KHAN. District in the Derajat division, Punjab; 
between lat. 30 35' 45" 32 33', and long. 70 14' 72 2'. Area, 
9296 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 441,649. Bounded on the north by 
Bannu district, on the east by Jhang and Shahpur districts, on the south 
by Dera Ghazi' Khan and Muzaffargarh districts, and on the west by the 
Sulaiman Mountains. The chief towns are Dera Ismail Khan (the 
capital), Kulachi, Leiah and Bhakkar. The chief mountains are the 
Shaikh-budin and the Sulaiman ranges. The chief rivers are the Indus, 
and the Gomal or Luni ; the Indus divides the district into nearly equal 
parts. The administration is conducted by a Deputy-Commissioner and 
staff. 






DEE DETJ 229 

DERA ISMAIL KHAN. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same 
name) in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab. Lat. 31 50', long. 70 55', 
44". Pop. (1881), 22,164. Distant from the right bank of the Indus 
4^ miles west, from Lahore 200 miles west, and from Multan 120 miles 
north-west. Area of tahsil, 1673 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 120,142. 

DERAJAT. Division in Punjab, containing three districts, Dera 
Ghazi Khan, Dera Ismail Khan, and Bannu, q.v. ; between lat. 28 27' 
33 15', and long. 69 35' 72 2'. Area, 17,681 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 1,137,572. 

DERA NANAK. Town and municipality in Gurdaspur district, 
Punjab. Pop. (1881), 5^56. Lat. 32 2' 15", long. 75 4'. Contains 
a temple dedicated to the memory of Baba Nanak, the first Sikh Guru. 

DERAPITR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Cawnpore district, 
N.W.P. ; thirty-five miles west of Cawnpore. Lat. 26 26', long. 79 51'. 
Area, 318 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 124,746. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
48,609. 

DERBEND. Military post in Hazara district, Punjab ; situate on the 
left bank of the Indus, where the stream, previously straitened in its 
passage through the mountains, expands on entering into the plain ; and 
hence probably the name of Derbend, which signifies the place of a dam 
or strait. Lat. 34 18', long. 72 55'. 

DERESTIRA. Tillage in Muttra district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Meerut to Muttra, and twenty-one miles north of the latter. Lat. 27 
45', long. 77 51'. 

DERIABAD. See DARYIBAD. 

DERI KOT. See GHAIBI DERO. 

DERI SHAHAN (SHAH DHERI). Tillage in Rawal Pindi district, 
Punjab. Lat. 33 17', long. 72 49' 15". Ruins, believed to be those of 
Taxila. 

DEROL. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 1224. The 
Chief pays a yearly tribute of 51 6s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and of 
4 12s. to Edar. 

DERO MOBHAT. Taluk in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay; 
between lat. 24 58' 15" 25 19', and long. 68 32' 30" fiQ 9,0' 45". 
Area, 670 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 30,445. 

DERRIAPUR. See DARYAPFR. 

DERRO. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal; twenty-three miles 
south-west of Arrah. Lat. 27 17', long. 84 27'. 

DERWANI (DURWANI). See DARW!NI. 

DESNOK. Town in Bikaner State, Rajputana; fifteen miles south of 
the town of Bikaner. Lat. 27 48', long. 73 23'. 

DESSUR. Town in North Arcot district, Madras ; thirty-three miles 
south of Arcot. Lat. 12 28', long. 79 32'. 

ETANAW. Tillage in Rangoon district, British Burma. 

DEUCA. Tillage in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
233. 

DEULGAON RAJA. Town in Buldana district, Berar. Lat. 20, 
long. 76. Pop. (1876-77), 10,265. An annual fair is held in October, 
when food is supplied gratuitously to pilgrims and religious mendicants. 

DEULGHAT. Town on the Penganga river, in Buldana district, 
Berar. Lat. 20 31', long. 76 10' 30". Pop. (1867), 3954. 



230 LEU DEW 

DETTR. Town in Satara district, Bombay ; sixteen miles north-east of 
Satara. Lat. 17 51', long:. 74 12'. 

DEVALA (NAMBALABAD). Village in Malabar district, Madras. 
Lat. 11 28', long. 76 26'. It is a centre of gold-mines and coffee- 
planting in the Wynad. 

DEVANHALLI. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
in Bangalore district, Mysore ; twenty-three miles north of Bangalore. 
Lat. 13 15', long. 77 45' 30". Pop. (1871), 5771. Area of taluk, 
238 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 70,459. 

DEVANIGERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 623. 

DEVA PAIDI. Village in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 49. 

DEVAPRAYAGA. See DEOPRAYAG. 

DEVARAYDTJRGA. Hill-station, and ancient fort, in Tumkur district, 
Mysore State, 3940 feet above the sea. There is a small temple on the 
summit. An annual festival is attended by 3000 persons. Lat. 13 
22' 30", long. 77 14' 50". 

DEVGADH. Subdivision in Ratnagiri district, Bombay. Area, 543 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 117,899. 

DEVI. River of Cuttack and Pun districts, Bengal ; formed by the 
junction of the Great and Little Devi; falls into the Bay of Bengal, 
in lat. 19 58', long. 86 25'. 

DEVIAPATAM. Town in Madura district, Madras ; nine miles 
north-east of Rammid. Lat. 9 28', long. 78 58'. 

DEVIKOTI. Town in Jtiisalmir State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
the city of Jaisalmir to Balmer, and twenty-two miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 26 44', long. 71 17'. 

DEVIKOTTA. Town and ruined fort in Tan j ore district; on the 
Coromandel Coast, at the mouth of the Coleroon, or great northern 
branch of the Kaveri ; distant from Tranquebar north twenty-four miles, 
Madras south, 122. Lat. 11 22', long. 79 52'. Pop. (1881), 8451. 

DEVJAGAON. Sacred place in Broach district, Bombay. A light- 
house here shows the mouth of the Dhadhar river. 

DEVLALL Cantonment in Msik district, Bombay. Pop. (1881),2969. 

DEVUPALLI. Town in Vizagapatam district, Madras; thirteen miles 
north-west of Vizianagram. Lat. 18 16', long. 83 21'. 

DEWA. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bara Banki district, 
Oudh. Pop. (1881), 2930. Area of pargana, 141 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
64,846. 

DEW AH RIVER. See GOGRA. 

DEW ALA. Village in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Lat. 20 
6', long. 79 6' 30". 

DEW ALGAON. Village in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
20 23', long. 80 2'. 

DEWALGARH. Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
29,288. 

DEW ALIA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute of 
46 to the British Government, and 5 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

DEW ALWARA. Village in Wardha district, Central Provinces ; on 
the Wardha river. A large fair has for upwards of a century been held 
every November in the bed of the river. 



DEW DHA 231 

DEWALWARA. Tillage on the Purna, in Ellichpur district, Berar. 
;N T oted for its ancient buildings. Lat. 21 18', long. 77 45'. 

DEW AN. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal ; fifteen miles north 
of Murshidabad. Lat. 24 24', long. 88 16'. 

DEWANGANJ. Thana in Mainiansinh district, Bengal. Area, 
342 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 101,372. 

DEWANGANJ. Town in Hugli district, Bengal ; forty miles north- 
west of Calcutta. Lat. 22 49', long. 87 50'. 

DEWANGANJ. Town in Purniah district, Bengal; on the left 
bank of the river Kusi, forty-nine miles north-west of Purniah. Lat. 26 
24', long. 87 14'. 

DEWANGARL Town in Bhutan State; fifty-three miles north from 
Gauhati, and fifty miles north-west from Dai-rang. Lat. 26 51', long. 
91 27'. 

DEWANSERAL Thana in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Area, 
95 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 55,036. 

DEWAS. Town in Rewah State, Central India Agency ; twenty-one 
miles north-east from Rewah, and fifty miles south-west from Allahabad. 
Lat. 24 46', long. 81 35'. 

DEWAS. State in Central India Agency ; between lat. 22 42' 23 
5', long. 75 57' 76 21'. The State has two chiefs, of whom the 
senior is commonly called the Baba Sahib, and the junior Dada Sahib. 
The Baba Sahib's territories have an area of about 1378 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 73,940. Those of the Dada Sahib have an area of about 6197 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 68,222. Both have received a sanad guarantee- 
ing the right of adoption, and are entitled to a salute of 15 euns. 

DEWAS. Capital of Dewas State, Central India Agencyr Lat. 22 
58', long. 76 6'. Pop. (1881), 11,921. 

DEWGURH. See DEOGAEH. 

DEWLI. Town in Ratnagiri district, Bombay; twenty-five miles 
east of Ratnagiri. Lat. 17, long. 73 40'. 

DEWRA. Town in Chhatarpur State, Central India Agency; ten 
miles south-east from Bijawar, and twenty-three miles south from Chha- 
tarpur. Lat. 24 34', long. 79 40'. 

DEWTJD. See DOHAD. 

DEWULLL Town in Morbhanj State, Orissa, Bengal ; thirty-seven 
miles south-west from Midnapur, and thirty-seven miles north from 
Balasore. Lat. 22 3', long. 86 58'. 

DEWULMURRI. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces; on 
the left bank of the Wainganga river, and 140 miles south from Nagpur. 
Lat. 19 20', long. 80 1'. 

DHABA. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; thirty miles 
south-east from Chanda, and 111 miles south from JSTagpur. Lat. 19 
39', long. 79 41'. 

DHABADDL Town in Haidarabad State; thirty miles north-east 
from Aurangabad, and eighteen miles north-west from Jalna. Lat. 20 
2', long. 75 46'. 

DHABIEN, NORTH. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 3076. 

DHABIEN, SOUTH. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 2604. 



232 DHA 

DHABIEN. Creek in Rangoon district, British Burma. 

DHABLA DHIR. State in the Bhopal Agency, Central India 
Agency. 

DHABLA GHOSL State in the Bhopal Agency, Central India 
A gency. 

DHABRL See DATRT. 

DHABUI. Ancient town, with fine ruins, in Baroda State. Distance 
from Baroda, south-east, fifteen miles ; Surat, north-east, seventy- eight ; 
Bombay, north, 225 ; Ahmedabad, south-east, eighty. Lat. 22 8', long. 
73 25'. 

DHADHAR. River of Baroda State ; rising in lat. 22 20', and long. 
73 40', and after receiving on the right the Viswamitri river, on the 
"banks of which stands the city of Baroda, ultimately falling into the Gulf 
of Cambay, in lat. 21 54', and long. 72 38'. Total length, 70 miles. 
Drainage area estimated at 1850 sq. miles. 

DHADRI. Town in Dhar State, Central India Agency ; on the right 
bank of the river Narbada, and forty-nine miles south-east from Mhow. 
Lat. 22 17', long. 76 28'. 

DHA-GNYA WADL Revenue circle in Toung-gnu district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 3787. 

DHAIWELL. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay ; forty-one miles 
west of Dhulia. Lat. 21 2', long. 74 7'. 

DHAKA RAM CHANDRA. Thana in CLamparan district, Bengal. 
Area, 336 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 253,922. 

DHALANDHAR. Village in the Twenty-four Parganas district, 
Bengal. 

DHALDIGHL Tillage in Dinajpur district, Bengal. There is a fair 
held every February, attended by upwards of 20,000 persons. 

DH ALES WARL River of Dacca district, Bengal, connecting the 
Jamuna with the Meghna. 

DHALESWARI River of Sylhet district, Assam, and Maimansinh 
district, Bengal ; formed by the union of the Surma and Kusiara rivers ; 
falls into the Meghna. 

DHALESWARI. River of Cachar district, Assam, falling into the 
Barak. 

DHALET. Revenue circle in Kyouk-hpyii district, British Burma. 
Area, 420 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 4629. 

DHALET. River in Kyouk-hpyu district, British Burma ; falls into 
Combermere Bay. 

DHALGAON. Town in Miraj State, Bombay ; seventy-five miles 
south-east from Satara, and fifty-three miles north-west from Bijapur. 
Lat. 17 9', long. 75 1'. 

DHALKISOR. River of Manbhum, Bankura, Bardwan and HugK 
districts, Bengal, falling into the Hugh', under the name of the Rupna- 
rayan. 

DHAMA. Town in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces; sixteen 
miles south of Sambalpur. Lat. 21 15', long. 84 5'. 

DHAMASIA (WANMALA). State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, 
10 sq. miles. Pays a yearly tribute of 13 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

DHAMBI. Revenue circle in Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 7471. 



DHA. 233 

DHAMDA. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces, 135 miles 
east from Nagpur. Celebrated for its brass work. Lat. 21 27', long. 
81 23'. Pop. (1881), 2850. 

DHAMDAHA. Thana in Purniah district, Bengal. Area, 514 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 109,391. 

DHAML Hill State, Punjab ; bounded on the north by Bhajji State, 
on the east and south by Patiala State, on the west by Baghal State. 
Area, 26 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3322. Its centre is in lat. 31 12', 
long. 77 8'. 

DHAM-MA-THA. Town in Amherst district, British Burma ; on the 
river Gyaing. 

DHAMNAGAR. Thana in Balasor district, Bengal. Area, 233 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 132,321. 

DHAMONI. Village in Sagar district, Central Provinces ; twenty- 
nine miles north of Sagar. Lat. 24 12', long. 78 49'. 

DHAMORA (DIMRA). Eiver of Nepal State, and Darbhangah and 
Bhagalpur districts, Bengal; falls into the Ghugri in lat. 25 31', long. 
86 48'. 

DHAMPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 18' 43", long. 78 32' 46". Pop. 
(1881), 5708. Area of tahsil, 323 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 170,039. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 85,033. And thana. Pop. (1881), 
48,959. 

DHAMRA. River of Balasor and Cuttack districts, Bengal; formed 
by the junction of the Brahmani and the Baitaram. 

DHAMRA. Port in Cuttack district, Bengal, on the Dhamra river. 
Lat. 20 47' 40", long. 86 55' 55". 

DHAMSALA (DHTJRRTJMSALA). See DHAEMS!LA. 

DHAMTARI. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Raipur district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 20 42', long. 81 35' 30". Pop. (1881), 6647. 
Area of tahsil, 2496 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 316,828. 

DHANA. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces; eleven miles 
south-east from Sagar, thirty-nine miles west of Damoh. Lat. 23 43', 
long. 78 55'. 

DHANAPTJR. Town in Ghazipur district, KW.P. ; on the right 
bank of the Ganges, nineteen miles south-west of Ghazipur. Lat. 25 
24', long. 83 24'. 

DHANAPUR. Thana in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
48,456. 

DHANATJLA. Town in Nabha State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 7264. 

DHANAULL Town in Muzaifarpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
5052. 

DHANATTRA. Town in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 58', 
long. 78 18' 30". Pop. (1881), 5304. 

DHANAUTL River in Champaran district, Bengal; falls into the 
Sikhrena. 

DHANDHTJKA. Town (in subdivision of the same name) in Ahmed- 
abad district, Bombay. Lat. 22 21' 15", long. 72 2' 20". Pop. (1881), 
10,044. Area of subdivision, 1098 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 123,107. 

DHANESWARL River of the Naga Hills, Nowgong, and Sibsagar 
districts, Assam ; falls into the Brahmaputra in lat. 26 44', long. 93 42'. 



234 DHA 

DHANGAIff. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
5600. Also thana. Area, 367 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 179,916. 

DHANGAIN. Pass in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Lat. 24 23' 
30", long. 84 59' 45". 

DHANGHATA. Thana in Basti district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
63,934. 

DHANIAKHALL Thana in Hugli district, Bengal. Area, 135 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 93,537. 

DHANIAKOT. Pargana in "Kumaun district, 1ST.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
2443. 

DHANIKHOLA. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal. Lat. 24 
39' 10", long. 90 24' 11". Pop. (1872), 6730. On the Satua river. 

DHANNL Tillage in Rampur State, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Almora, and forty-one miles north of the former. Lat. 28 
49', long. 79 26'. 

DHANORA. Chiefship in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Area, 
91 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3738. 

DHANRA. Town in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank of 
the Yishnu river, sixty-four miles north-east of Srmagar. Lat. 30 56', 
long. 79 30'. 

DHANROWAL. See YAIEOW!L. 

DHANTJ. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
2223. 

DHANTT. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma ; on the 
right bank of the Kyouk-tsarit and Bheng-laing rivers. 

DHANTT. River in the Maimainsinh district, Bengal; falls into the 
Meghna. 

DHANTTL BHURA-GYL Ruined pagoda in Rangoon district, British 
Burma. 

DHANTJR. Lake in Sirsa district, Punjab ; formed by the river 
Ghaggar, three miles long by one broad. 

DHAOLA DHAR. Mountain in Kangra district, Punjab ; separating 
Kangra valley from Chamba. The highest peak attains an elevation of 
15,956 feet above sea-level; while the valley has a general height of 
about 2000 feet. 

DHAONI See DHANNI. 

DHAP. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal ; six miles north-west of 
the town of Rangpur. Lat. 25 46', long. 89 10'. 

DHAPEWARA. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces ; on the 
Chandrabhaga river. Lat. 21 18', long. 78 57'. Pop. (1881), 
3666. 

DHAR. State in the Central India Agency ; between lat. 22 1' 23 
8', and long. 74 43' 75 35'. Area, 2500 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
149,244. The present Chief, who has received the title of Maharaja as 
a personal distinction, is entitled to a salute of 15 guns; he maintains a 
military force of 276 cavalry and about 800 infantry, including police, 
2 guns, and 21 artillerymen. 

DHAR. Capital of Dhar State, Central India Agency. Lat. 22 36', 
long. 75 20'. Pop. (1881), 15,224. 

DHAR Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; situate on the declivity of 
a hill overlooking the valley of the Pabar. Lat. 31 6', long. 77 46'. 



DHA 235 

DHAR. Town in Haidarabad State ; distant north-east from Aurang- 
abad fifty-eight miles, north from Jalna thirty-eight miles. Lat. 20 23', 
long. 76 4'. 

DHARAKOTA. State in Ganj am district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 3 1,923. 

DHARAMKOTTA. See AME!VATI. 

DHARAMPTJR. State in the Surat Political Agency, Bombay. 
Bounded on the north by Bansda State, east by Sulgana and the Bangs 
States, south by the Peint State, and west by Surat district. It is forty- 
eight miles in length, and thirty in breadth. Area, 794 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 101,289. The Chief, who is entitled to a salute of 9 guns, main- 
tains a military force of 1 84 men. 

DHARAMPUR. Capital of Dharampur State, Bombay. Lat. 20 
34', long. 73 14'. Pop (1881), 5176. 

DHARAMPTJRI. Town in Dhar State, Central India Agency; 
twenty-nine miles south from Dhar, and thirty-five miles south-west from 
Mhow. Lat. 22 10', long. 75 26'. 

DHARAMPITRI. Town in Satara district, Bombay ; forty-nine miles 
north-east of Satara. Lat. 17 57', long. 74 44'. 

DHARANGAON. Town and municipality in Khandesh district, 
Bombay; thirty-five miles from Dhulia. Lat. 21, long. 75 20' 20". 
Pop. (1881), 13,081. 

DHARAPTJRAM (DARAPUR). Town (in taluk of same name) in 
Coimbatore district, Madras; forty-six miles east-south-east of Coimba- 
tore, and 250 from Madras, on the left bank of the river Amravati. 
Lat. 10 44' 35", long. 77 34' 28". Pop. (1881), 7310. Pop. of taluk 
(1871), 217,493. 

DHARI. State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute of 
95 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Area, 2^ sq. miles. 

DHARI. District in Baroda State. Area, 542 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 29,233. 

DHARI DEBL Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Almora to Srmagar, and ten miles south-east of the latter. Lat. 
30 15', long. 78 55'. 

DHARLA (TORSHA). Biver of Bhutan State, Jalpaiguri district, 
Kuch Behar State, and Eangpur district, Bengal ; falls into the Brahma- 
putra in lat. 25 40', long. 89 47' 30". 

DHARMA. Part of Kumaun district, KW.P. ; lying north of the 
main range of the Himalaya, and between it and Hundes, or South- 
western Thibet. Some of the summits have a great elevation ; Lebong, 
on the eastern frontier, being 18,942 feet above the sea. Dharma lies 
between lat. 30 5' 30 30', and long. 80 25' 80 45' ; inclosing an 
area of about 400 sq. miles. 

DHARMANPTJR. Pargana in Bahraich district, Oudh. Area, 304 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 25,761. 

DHARMAPTJRI. Town (in taluk of same name) in Salem district, 
Madras; fifty-five miles north of Salem. Lat. 12 9 / , long. 78 13'. 
Pop. (1881), 7090. Pop. of taluk (1871), 190,626. 

DHARMA V ARAM. Town (in taluk of same name) in Bellary district, 
Madras ; on the Chitravati river, fifty miles south of Guti, and 196 north- 
west of Madras. Lat. 14 24', long. 77. Pop. (1881), 5916. Area of 
taluk, 1226 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 119,877. 



236 DHA 

DHARMDA. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; six miles south- 
west of Midnapur. Lat. 22 21', long. 87 19'. 

DHARMKOT. Town in Firozpur district, Punjab; with a fort, 
situate about seven miles from the left bank of the Sutlej ; distant thirty- 
nine miles west from Ludhiana, 1140 miles north-west from Calcutta. 
Lat. 30 56' 45", long. 75 16' 30". Pop. (1881), 6007. 

DHARMPUR. Village in Hardoi district, Oudh; the residence of 
Raja Sir Hardeo Baksh, K.C.S.L. 

DHARMSALA. Hill-station and municipality in Kangra district, 
Punjab. Lat. 32 15' 42", long. 76 22' 46". Pop. (1881), 5322. 
Elevation between 4500 and 6500 feet. 

DHARMSALA. Thana in Cuttack district, Bengal. Area, 783 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 248,762. 

DHARMSALEH. Town in Nepal State; on the left bank of the river 
Kurnalli, and 126 miles north-east from Almora. Lat. 29 51', long, 
81 45'. 

DHARNAODA. State in the Central India Agency. Pop. (1881), 41 96. 

DHARUPITR. Village in Partabgarh district, Oudh; with three 
temples. Pop. (1869), 1603. 

DHARWAR. District in Bombay; between lat. 14 17' 15 50', 
and long. 74 51' 75 57'. Area, 4535 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
882,907. The chief hills are the Kapad range. The chief rivers are the 
head-waters of the Tungabhadra (and its tributary the Wardha), falling 
into the Kistna eastward, and the Birti Nala, which flows westward. 
The chief towns are Hubli (the largest) and Dharwar (the capital). The 
administration of the district, which is traversed by the Southern 
Marhatta Railway, is in the hands of a Collector and Assistant. 

DHARWAR. Capital of Dharwar district, Bombay ; situated in a 
subdivision of the same name. Lat. 15 27', long. 75 3' 20". Pop. 
(1881), 26,520, exclusive of the cantonment, which contains 671 in- 
habitants. Area of subdivision, 425 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 111,137. 

DH AS AN. River of Bhopal State and Sagar district, Central Pro- 
vinces ; and Lalitpur district, N.W.P. ; falls into the Betwa. 

DHATA. Pargana in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
13,187. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 16,249. 

DHATA. Town (in pargana of same name) in Fatehpur district, 
N.W.P. ; five miles north-east of the left bank of the Jumna, thirty-six 
miles south-east of the town of Fatehpur. Lat. 25 32', long. 81 20'. 

DHATA. Village in Hissar district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Ludhiana, thirteen miles north of the former town. Distant 
north-west from Calcutta 989 miles. Lat. 29 16', long. 76 5'. 

DHATHWAI KYOTIK. River in Prome district, British Burma. 

DHATHWAI-KYOUK. Village in Prome district, British Burma, 
situated on the river of the same name, twenty miles south-east of Prome. 
Lat. 18 41', long. 95 34' 35". 

DHATIA. Thana in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
39,929. 

DHAULAGIRL Mountain in Xepal State. Lat. 29 11', long. 82 
59'. Height, 27,600 feet. 

DHAULANA. Thana in Meerut district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
43,130. 



DHA DHI 237 

DHATJLESHVARAM. See DOWLAISHVABAM. 

DHATJLI. A principal head- water or tributary of the river Gogra; 
falling into the Kali. Lat. 29 57', long. 80 38'. 

DHATJRAHRA. Town in Kheri district, Oudh ; three miles west of 
the Chanka river, eighty miles north of Lucknow, and seventy-three east 
of Shahjahanpur. Lat. 28, long. 81 9'. Pop. (1881), 5767. 

DHATJRAHRA. Town in Faizabad district, Oudh; four miles from 
the Gogra river, and twenty miles from Faizabad town, on the road to 
Lucknow. Pop. (1869), 3279. 

DHATJRAHRA. Pargana in Kheri district, Oudh. Area, 261 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 88,334. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 136,649. 

DHATJR BTJNGA- Town in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; on the right 
bank of the river Sani, twenty miles south of Srinagar. Lat. 29 57', 
long. 78 52'. 

DHATJRERA. See DHAURAHRA. 

DHATJSA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 7384. 

DHA YABANG. Town in Nepal State ; on the left bank of the river 
Buri Gandak, and twenty-nine miles north from Khatmandu. Lat. 28 
3', long. 85 3'. 

DHEBARTJA. Thana in Basti district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
30,420. 

DHEBTJRTJA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; on the left 
bank of the river Rapti, sixty miles north-west of Gorakhpur. Lat. 27 
24', long. 82 51'. 

DHEISMAELPTJR. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; forty miles 
south of Midnapur. Lat. 21 50', long. 87 21'. 

DHEKTJLTJ. Military station in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Moradabad to Almora, and fifty miles north-east of the 
former. It is situate in the valley down which the river Kosila flows 
from the mountains to the plains, on the right bank of the stream. 
Elevation above the sea, 1221 feet. Lat. 29 29', long. 79 12'. 

DHENKANAL. State in Orissa, Bengal; between lat. 20 31' 21 
11' 30", and long. 85 3' 86' 5". Area, 1463 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
208,316. The State is traversed by the river Brahmani. 

DHENKANALL (DHENKANAL GARH). Capital of Dhenkhanal 
State, Bengal. Lat. 20 39' 45", long. 85 38' 16". 

DHERALI. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the left bank of 
the Ganges. Lat. 31 2', long. 78 49'. 

DHERGATJM. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay; seventy-three 
miles east of Broach. Lat. 21 53', long. 74 10'. 

DHERIAGOTE (SOI). Village in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay; 
on the route from Sehwan to Larkhana, and twenty-two miles south of 
the latter place. It is situate in the extensive and fertile island inclosed 
between the Indus and its great offset the Kara, and is seven miles from 
the right bank of the former, and three miles from the left bank of the 
latter. Lat. 27 10', long. 68 4'. 

DHI. Town in Indore State, Central India Agency ; situate seventy- 
eight miles south-west from Mhow, and ninety miles east from Baroda. 
Lat. 22 9', long. 74 37'. 

DHIANIRAN. Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
2951. 



238 DHL DUO 

DHIGWAS (DHIGONS). Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh; thirty 
miles north-west of Allahabad, eighty south-east of Lucknow. 

DHIMAPTTR. See DIMIPUE. 

DHINGWAS. Pargana in Partabgarh district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
52,885. 

DHINISA. Town in Nepal State ; situate fifty miles north from 
Khatmandu. Lat. 28 24', long. 85 22'. 

DHIPA. Town in Singbhum district, Bengal; thirty-nine miles 
south-west from Chaibasa, and 100 miles north-east from Sambalpur. 
Lat. 22 19', long. 85 18'. 

DHOA. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; twenty miles 
south-west of the fort of Gwalior. Lat. 26 3', long. 77 54'. 

DHOBA. Mountain, 4166 feet high, in Ganjam district, Madras. Lat. 
20, long. 84 23'. 

DHOBAKHAL. Tillage in the Garo Hills district, Assam; on the 
Someswari river. Lat. 25 28', long. 90 46'. 

DHOBHANG Town in Nepal State; 104 miles south-east from 
Khatmandu, and ninety miles west from Darjiling. Lat. 27 17', long. 
86 54'. 

DHODA. Town in Kohat district, Punjab ; situated on the route 
from Kala Bagh to Kohat, fourteen miles south of the latter. Lat. 33 
27', long. 71 45'. 

DHODAR ALL Embankment in Sibsagar district, Assam. 

DHOKI. Town in Sholapur district, Bombay ; fifty miles north from 
Sholapur, and 102 miles south from Jalnah. Lat. 18 22', long. 76 10'. 

DHOLA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute of 
32 to the Gaekwar of Baroda and 5 to Junagarh. 

DHOLANA. Town in Meerut district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 3664. 

DHOLATGHAT. Town in Nepal State ; twenty-seven miles south- 
east from Khatmandu. Lat. 27 34', long. 85 41'. 

DHOLBAJA. Village in Purniah district, Bengal ; forty miles distant 
from Purniah town, and sixteen miles from Basantpur. Lat. 26 16', 
long, 87 19' 21". Pop. (1872), 1784. 

DHOLERA (DHOLARRA). Town and port in Ahmedabad district, 
Bombay ; in the swampy tract extending along the western side of the 
Gulf of Cambay. The space between the town and the port of Dholera, 
a distance of about four miles, is traversed by a tramway, constructed by 
a company of native speculators; opened in May, 1851. Distance from 
the city of Ahmedabad, south-west, sixty-two miles. Lat. 22 14' 45", 
long. 72 15' 25". Pop. (1881), 10,301. 

DHOLKA. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Ahmedabad dis- 
trict, Bombay ; situate amidst ruined palaces, mosques, mausoleums, and 
fine and spacious tanks, embanked and lined with masonry. Though not 
regularly fortified, it is surrounded by a wall of mud four miles in circuit. 
Distance from Ahmedabad, south-west, twenty-five miles ; Baroda, north- 
west, sixty; Surat, north, 110; Bombay, north, 262. Lat. 22 43' 
30", long. 72 28' 30". Pop. (1881), 17,716. Area of subdivision, 665 
Bq. miles. Pop. (1881), 111,192. 

DHOLNUH. Village in Budaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Fatehgarh to Meerut, and eighty miles north-west of the former place. 
Lat. 27 50', long. 78 36'. 



DHO DHR 239 

DHOLPUR (DHOLPORE). State in Rajputana; bounded on the 
north and north-east by the Agra district ; on the south-east by the 
Chambal, dividing it from the Gwalior State; and on the west by the 
Karauli and Bhartpur States. It lies between lat. 26 22' 26 57', and 
long. 77 26' 78 19' ; and is about fifty-four miles in length from north- 
east to south-west, twenty-three in breadth. Area, 1200 sq. mi]es. 
Pop. (1881), 249,657. The river Chambal, touching the territory at its 
south-west angle, forms its south-eastern boundary for about sixty 
miles ; and the Banganga, with its tributary the Parvati, also waters 
the State. The chief towns are Dholpur (the capital), Ban, and Raja- 
khera. The liana, who is entitled to a salute of 15 guns, maintains 
a military force of 600 cavalry, 3650 infantry, 32 field guns, and 100 
gunners. 

DHOLPUR (DHOLPORE). Capital of Dholpur State, Rajputana. 
Lat. 26 42', long. 77 56'. Pop. (1881), 15,833. 

DHOLPTJRL Village in Moradabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Moradabad to Alniora, and sixteen miles north of the former. Lat. 
29 2', long. 78 56'. 

DHOL SAMTJDRA. Swampy lake in Faridpur district, Bengal. 

DHOLURWA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute 
of 10 to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and 2 to Junagarh. 

DHOOLIA. See DHULI!. 

DHOR. Town in Rawalpindi district, Punjab ; on the left bank of 
the river Indus, five miles south of the town of Attock. Lat. 33 50', 
long. 72 20'. 

DHORAJI. Town in Kathiawar, Bombay; forty-three miles south- 
west from Rajkot, and fifty-two miles east from Porbandar. Lat. 21 
45', long. 70 33'. Pop. (1881), 16,121. 

DHORAIL Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; seventy miles 
south-east of Delhi. Lat. 28 7', long. 78 14'. 

DHORI. Village in Azamgarh district, N.W.P.; on the route from 
Azamgarh to Gorakhpur, thirty-one miles north-east of the former, thirty- 
four south-east of the latter; on the right bank of the Gogra. Lat. 26 
14', long. 83 33'. 

DHORIAPUR. Pargana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
214,405. 

DHOWLTJTNUGTJR. See DAULATXAGAR. 

DHRANGADRA. First class State in Kathiawar, Bombay, between 
lat. 22 30' 23, and long. 7171 49'. Area, 1142 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 99,686. The salute of the State is 11 guns, but the present Chief 
(1884) is entitled, as a personal distinction, to 15 guns. The military 
force consists of 470 men. 

DHRANGADRA Capital of Dhrangadra State, Bombay. Lat. 22 
59' 10", long. 71 31'. Pop. (1881), 12,304. 

DHROL. Second class State in Kathiawar, Bombay; between lat. 
22 14' 22 42', and long. 70 24' 70 45'. Area, 400 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 21,776. The Chief, who is entitled to a salute of 9 guns, 
pays a tribute of 1023 2s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda and the Nawab of 
Junagarh, and maintains a military force of 148 men. 

DHROL. Capital of Dhrol State, Bombay. Lat. 22 34', long. 70 
30'. Pop. (1881), 4613. 



240 DHTJ 

DHUBBTTL See DHABTJI. 

DHUBKI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Goalpara district, 
Assam ; on the Brahmaputra, where that river turns south into Bengal. 
Lat. 26 2', long. 90 2'. Pop. (1872), 477. A fair is held annually in 
January, attended by upwards of 10,000 persons. Pop. of subdivision 
(1872), 187,589. 

DHTJDE. See DANG STATES. 

DHTJJ PEAK. Hill in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; a summit of the 
Sub-Himalaya, or mountain-system south of the great range, east of Fort 
Almorah forty miles, and equidistant from the rivers Ramganga (Eastern) 
and Kali (Eastern). Elevation above the sea, 8248 feet. Lat. 29 38', 
long. 80 20'. 

DHUKAT7LIA. Village in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Banda to the town of Fatehpur, and four miles south-west of the 
latter. Lat. 25 54', long. 80 50'. 

DHTJLAPRA. Swamp in Saharanpur district, N/VV.P. 

DHTJLIA. Capital of Khandesh district, Bombay ; and head-quarters 
of the subdivision of the same name ; on the Panjhra river. Lat. 20 
54', long. 74 46' 30". Pop. (1881), 18,449. Area of subdivision, 759 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 78,137. 

DHTJLIAN. Village in Murshidabad district, Bengal ; on the Ganges. 
An annual fair is held at this spot, which is one of the most important 
river marts in the district. 

DHTILIAT. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; eleven 
miles west from Asirgarh, and eighty miles south from Mhow. Lat. 21 
29', long. 76 17'. 

DHTJLIPNAGrAR. See EDWAR-DESABAD. 

DHUM. Town in Nepal State ; ninety-one miles north-east from 
Pilibhit, and 1 04 miles south-east from Almora. Lat. 29 3', long. 8 1 1 9'. 

DHTJMA. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces ; on the route 
from Nagpur to Jabalpur, forty miles south of the latter. Lat. 22 44', 
long. 79 50'. 

DHUMDA. See DHAMD!. 

DHUMRAH (DOMRAH). See Dulinil. 

DHUMRL Town in Etah district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 2499. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 44,464. 

DHTJMTAUR (DTJMTATIR). Valley in Hazara district, Punjab ; on 
the route from Attock to Kashmir by the Baramula road, extending 
nearly in a direction from east to west, in lat. 34 34 10', and long. 72 
55' 73 15'. 

DHUMTATJR. Town in Hazara district, Punjab; sixteen miles 
east of the Indus, on" the route into Kashmir. Lat. 34 7', long. 
73 7'. 

DHUMTERRY. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces ; distant 
east from Nagpur 150 miles. Lat. 20 39', long. 81 26'. 

DHTJMTHAN. Village in Karnal district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Ludhiana, and forty-three miles north of the former town. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta, 1019 miles. Lat. 29 42', long. 
76 5'. 

DHTINAIRI. Town in Baroda State; twenty-six miles north from 
Disa, and 140 miles south-west from Udaipur. Lat. 24 37', long. 72', 



' 



DHTJ 241 

DHUNATJDA. Town in Hissar district, Punjab ; on the route 
from Hansi to Ludhiana, and thirty miles north of the former place. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta, 1006 miles. Lat. 29 31', long. 
76 4'. 

DHUNCHI. Town in Nepal State ; forty-two miles north from 
Khatmandu. Lat. 28 19', long. 85 14'. 

DHUNDA. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the light bank of 
the Bhagirathi or Ganges. Lat 30 41', long. 78 24'. 

DHUNDGAL. Town in Haidarabad State ; nineteen miles north from 
Haidarabad, and sixty miles south-east from Bidar. Lat. 17 38', long. 
78 30'. 

DHUNGAWAN. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces ; 
thirty-four miles south-east of Sohagpur, 119 miles east of Jabalpur. 
Lat. 23 2', long. 81 52'. 

DHTJNGOI. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; thirty-nine miles north of 
Chaprah. Lat. 26 17', long. 84 40'. 

DHIJNGSURRA. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Jaisalmir to Nasirabad, and 102 miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 
27 8', long. 73 35'. 

DHUNGTJRHL Town in Kheri district, Oudh; 130 miles north from 
Lucknow, and fifty-three miles east from Pilibhit, Lat. 28 41', long. 
80 47'. 

DHUNILA. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Agra to Gwalior, sixty miles south of former, eleven north- 
west of latter. Lat. 26 24', long. 78 8'. 

DHUNSIRI. See DHANESWARI. 

DHUNTALAO. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 
on the route from Hoshangabad to Nimach, ninety-three miles 
west of former, 181 south-east of latter. Lat. 22 44', long. 76 
32'. 

DHTJNWA. Town in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; five miles south 
from Jaisalmir, and sixty-two miles west from Pokaran. Lat. 26 50', 
long. 71. 

DHUR. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; a mile from the right 
bank of the river Dhauli. Elevation above the sea, about 8000 feet. 
Lat. 30 5', long. 80 37'. 

DHUR. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras ; twenty- nine miles 
north of Cuddapah. Lat. 14 51', long. 78 43'. 

DHURAMPOR. Town in Nepal State, seventy miles south-east from 
Khatmandu, and fifty miles north from Darbhangah. Lat. 26 52', long. 
85 55'. 

DHURAULI (DEROWLI). Village in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Aligarh to Fatehgarh, and thirty-nine miles west of 
the latter. Lat. 27 30', long. 79 7'. 

DHURAVI (DHARAVI). Island in Tanna district, Bombay ; to the 
north-west of Salsette, about seven miles long by two broad ; its centre 
is in lat. 19 14', long. 72 53'. 

DHURI. Village in Patiala State, Punjab; on the route from 
Hansi to Ludhiana, and forty-one miles south of the latter towii. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta, 1062 miles. Lat. 30 22' long. 
75 57'. 

16 



242 DHTJ DIB 

DHURIAPUR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P.; near the route 
from Azamgarh to Gorakhpur, and distant thirty-four miles north of the 
former, twenty-eight south of the latter. Distant north from Ghazipur 
seventy-eight miles, north-east from Calcutta 509. Lat. 26 23', long. 
83 18'. 

DHURKATL See DARKUTI. 

DHURKOT. Town in Nepal State; 162 miles north-west from 
Khatmandu, and 122 miles north-west from Gorakhpur. Lat. 28 22', 
long. 82 48'. 

DHURPHURIP ATI. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal; twenty, 
seven miles west of Muzaffarpur. Lat. 26 7', long. 85 2'. 

DHURRUMPUR See DHARAMPFR. 

DHURUMSAL (DHARMS ALA) .Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 
thirty-nine miles north-east from Jhelum, and seventy-eight miles south- 
west from Srinagar. Lat. 33 15', long. 74 10'. 

DHURUMSALLA (DHARMS ALA). Village in Cutch State, Bombay; 
eight miles south of Bhuj. Lat. 23 9', long. 69 41'. 

DHURWAI. State in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency. Area, 
18 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1598. 

DHUS. Town in Benares district, N.W.P. ; on the route from Benares 
to Sasseram, ten miles east of the former. Lat. 25 16', long. 83 14'. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 24,529. 

DHUS AN .See PARWAN. 

DHUTARA. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Khasganj to Meerut, and forty-five miles south of the latter. Lat. 
28 23', long. 77 58'. 

DIAMOND HARBOUR Town and port (in subdivision of same 
name) in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; on the left bank of 
the Hugli. Distant from Calcutta thirty miles by road, forty -one by 
river. Lat. 22 11' 10", long. 88 13' 37". A harbourmaster and customs 
establishment are maintained here to board vessels proceeding up the 
river, and the movements of all shipping up or down are telegraphed 
from Diamond Harbour, and published several times a day in the Calcutta 
Telegraph Gazette. Area of subdivision, 417 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
344,330. Also thana. Area, 68 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 52,828. 

DIAMOND HARBOUR CANAL. Canal in the Twenty-four Parganas 
district, Bengal ; extending from Thakurpukur to Kholakhali, a distance 
of twenty-three miles. 

DIAMOND ISLAND (LYCHUNE ISLAND). Island off the coast 
of Bassein district, British Burma ; situated at the Bassein river mouth 
of the Irawadi. Lat. 15 51' 30", long. 94 18' 45". 

DIANUTPUR. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Agra, and twenty-one miles south of the former. Lat. 
27 38', long. 78 7'. 

DIA SIAWALA. See DIHA. 

DIBAI. Town in Bulandshahr district, 1ST.W.P. ; distant from Buland- 
shahr twenty-six miles south-east, and from Aligarh twenty- six miles 
north. Lat. 28 12' 30", long. 78 18' 35". Pop. (1881), 8216. Also 
pargana. Pop. (1881), 78,896. And thana. Pop. (1881), 62,228. 

DIBING. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; 109 miles east from 
Srinagar. Lat. 33 56', long. 76 50'. 



DIB DIG 243 

DIBONG RIVER. River of Thibet and Assam; falls into the Brah- 
maputra river in lat. 27 50', long. 95 28. 

DIBRU (SONAPUR). Eiver of Kamrup district, Assam ; falls into 
the Brahmaputra. 

DIBRU (SONAPUR). River of Lakhimpur district, Assam ; falls into 
the Brahmaputra near Dibrugarh. 

DIBRUGARH. Capital (in subdivision of same name) in Lakhimpur 
district, Assam ; on the Dibru, near its junction with the Brahmaputra. 
Lat. 27 28' 30", long. 94 57' 30". Pop. (1872), 3870, including 1096 
in the military cantonment. Area of subdivision, 2038 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1872), 82,109. 

DICHTI. See DAICHU. 

DIDARGANJ. Thana in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
74,115. 

DIDDAUR. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh; on the river Sai. 
Pop. (1869), 2127. 

DIDWANA. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; 112 miles north- 
east from Jodhpur. Lat. 27 19', long. 74 30'. 

DIG. Tillage in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Cawnpore to Kalpi, and fifteen miles north-east of the latter. Lat. 
26 17', long. 79 57'. 

DIG (DIGA). Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the left 
bank of the Ganges, 752 miles north-west of Calcutta by the river route, 
fifty-six south-east of the city of Allahabad by the same. Lat. 25 15', 
long. 82 18'. 

DIG. Town in Bhartpur State, Rajputana. Lat. 27 28', long. 77 
22'. Pop. (1881), 15,828. Captured in December, 1804, by General 
Fraser, and dismantled after the capture of Bhartpur by Lord Combermere. 

DIGAR. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; twenty miles north-east 
from the town of Le, and 134 miles north-east from Kishtiwar. Lat. 34 
16', long. 77 55'. 

DIGARI. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Jodhpur to Ajmere, and three miles east of the former. Lat. 26 17', 
long. 73 15'. 

DIGARU. River of Thibet and Assam ; falls into the Brahmaputra, 
in lat. 27 50', long. 96 2'. 

DIGBIJAIGANJ. Tahsil of Rai Bareli district, Oudh. Between lat. 
26 17' 30" 26 36', and long. 81 1' 30" 81 37'. Area, 465 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 245,079. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 102,256. 

DIGGI (DHIGGI). Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; on the route 
from Nasirabad to Gwalior, forty-eight miles east of former, 193 west of 
latter. Lat. 26 24', long. 75 35'. 

DIGH. Thana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 36,541. 

DIGHIL. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 46', long. 
76 41'. 

DIGHORI. Town in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2852. 

DIGHWARA. Thana in Saran district, Bengal. Area, 106 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 120,231. 

DIGNAGAR. Town in Bardwan district, Bengal ; distance north-west 
from Calcutta by Bardwan seventy miles. Lat. 23 22', long. 87 45'. 



244 DIG DIN 

DIGRAS. Town in Wun district, Berar. Lat. 20 6', long. 77 45'. 

DIGSAR. Pargana in Gonda district, Oudh. Area, 157^ sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 94,833. 

DIGTJCHI. Town in Satara district, Bombay ; sixty-one miles east of 
Satara. Lat. 17 30', long. 74 59'. 

DIH. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh; on the river Saj. Pop. 
(1869), 2937. 

DIHA. Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank of 
the Ganges, 795 miles north-east of Calcutta by the river route, thirteen 
south-east of the city of Allahabad by the same. Lat. 25 19', long. 
82 3'. 

DIHANG (DIHONG). River of Thibet and Assam ; head-waters of the 
Brahmaputra; rises on the northern face of the Himalayas, in lat. 30 
25', long. 82 5', and, pursuing an easterly course through Thibet for 
upwards of 1000 miles, during the greater part of which it bears the 
name of the Sanpu, it suddenly sweeps round to the south and enters 
Assam, where, under the name of the Dihang, it falls into the Brahma- 
putra. 

. DIHATRA. Tillage in Bikaner State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Bikaner to Jaisalmir, and forty miles south-west of the former. Lat. 27 
43', long. 72 51'. 

DIKING. River of Lakhimpur district, Assam ; flows into the Brah- 
maputra near Sadiya. 

DIKING (BURI DIKING). River of Lakhimpur and Sibsagar 
districts, Assam ; flows past Jaipur town into the Brahmaputra. 

DIJI. Village and fortress in Khairpur State, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 
27 20' 45", long. 68 45'. 

DIKAR. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces ; 140 miles east 
from Nagpur, and 172 miles west from Sambalpur. Lat. 21 30', long. 
81 20'. 

DIKULL See DEOKTTLTI. 

DILARL Thana in Moradabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 54,426. 

DILAWAR. Village and fortress in Bahawalpur State, Punjab. Lat. 
28 44', long. 71 14'. 

DILLY (MOUNT). Headland in Malabar district, Madras. In clear 
weather it may be discerned from sea at a distance of from twenty-four 
to twenty-seven miles, and as the contiguous land is low, the headland, 
which is bluff, and has a small ancient fort on the summit, appears at a 
distance like an island. Lat. 12 2', long. 75 14'. 

DILODE. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; seventeen 
miles north from Bhopal, and thirty miles west from Bhilsa. Lat. 23 
30, long. 77 22'. 

DILSHAPUR. See DTJLSAIPTJK. 

DIMAPTJR. Village in the Naga Hills district, Assam ; on the banks 
of the Dhaneswari, fifteen miles north of Samaguting. 

DIMLA. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal ; thirty-nine miles north- 
west of Rangpur. Lat. 26 6', long. 88 55'. Pop. (1881), 10,508. 
Also thana. Area. 192 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 138,760. 

DINAJPTJR. District in the Rajshahi and Kuch Behar divisions, 
Bengal; bounded on the north by Jalpaigurf district, on the east by 
Rangpur andBogra districts, on the south by Rajshuhi district, and on the 



DIN 245 

west by Maldah and Purniah districts. Between lat. 24 43' 40" 26 
22' 50", and long. 88 4' 89 21' 5" '. Area, 4118 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 1,514,346. The chief rivers are the Mahananda (with its tribu- 
taries, the Nagar, Tangan, and Purnabhaba) on the west ; and the Atrai, 
Jamuna, and Karatoya (old channels of the Tista) on the east, all flowing 
into the Ganges. The capital and only large town is Dinajpur. The 
[Northern Bengal State Railway traverses the district for about thirty 
miles. 

DINAJPUR. Capital of Dinajpur district, Bengal ; on the Purna- 
bhaba, just below its junction with the Dhapa. Lat. 25 38', long. 8 
40' 46". Pop. (1881), 12,560. Also thana. Area, 6 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 12,977. 

DINANAGAR. Town and municipality in Gurdaspur district, Punjab. 
Lat. 32 8' 15", long. 75 31'. Pop. (1881), 5589. 

DINANAGAR. Town in Amritsar district, Punjab ; on the right 
bank of the Bari Doab Canal, eighty-nine miles north-east of Lahore. 
Lat. 32 10', long. 75 29'. 

DINAPUR (DINAPORE). Capital (in subdivision of same name) of 
Patna district, Bengal ; a cantonment on the right bank of the Ganges. 
Lat. 25 38' 19", long. 85 5' 8". Pop. (1881), 37,893. Area, of sub- 
division, 143 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 166,128. Also thana. Area, 25 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 67,612. 

DINAREH. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal ; seventy miles 
south-west of Dinapur. Lat. 25 12', long. 84 6'. 

BIND ARY. Town in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces; 175 miles 
north-east from Nagpur, and eighty miles north from Raipur. Lat. 22 
20', long. 81 33'. 

DINDL River in Haidarabad State; rises in lat. 17 2', long. 78, 
and flowing in a south-easterly direction for 110 miles, falls into the 
Kistna in lat. 16 22', long. 79 b 16' 

DINDIGAL (DINDIGUL). Town and municipality (in taluk of 
same name) in Madura district, Madras; situated 880 feet above the sea, 
on the trunk road from Coimbatore to Pondicherri, about twenty miles 
from Kodaikanal, the sanitarium on the Palani Hills, and thirty from 
Madura. It is connected by railway with the chief towns of the Presi- 
dency. Lat. 10 21' 39", long. 78 0' 17". Pop. (1881), 14,182. 
Formerly a place of great strategical importance. Pop. of taluk, (1871), 
324,366. 

DINDIVARAM. Taluk in South Arcot district, Madras. Area, 810 
sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 239,784. 

DINDURI. Subdivision in Nasik district, Bombay. Area, 529 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 72,290. 

DINDURI. Town in Ahmednagar district, Bombay ; ninety-six miles 
north-west of Ahmednagar. Lat. 20 1', long. 73 50'. 

IINGA. Town in Gujrat district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 5615. 

DINGAI. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Nasirabad to Disa, and 123 miles south-west of the former. Lat. 25 
37', long. 73 27'. 

DING AR. Village in Garhwal district, N.W.P.; on the left bank 
of the Budiar. Elevation above the sea, 7119 feet. Lat. 30 56', long. 
78 17'. 



246 DIN DIS 



DINGARA. See DIGARI. 

DINGARH. Town in Bahawalpur State, Punjab ; thirty-two miles 
south from Bahawalpur, and 116 miles north-west from Bikaner. Lat. 
28 56', long. 71 49'. 

DINGARH KINER. Tillage in Si'rmur State, Punjab. Lat. 30 
44', long. 77 21'. 

DINGATHTTR. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
up the course of the Ramganga river (Eastern) from Pithoragarh to the 
Anta Dhara Pass, sixteen miles north of Pithoragarh, one and a half east 
of the left bank of the Kamganga. Elevation above the sea, 4443 feet. 
Lat. 29 49', long. 80 12'. 

DINGL Fort in Khairpur State, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 26 52', long. 
68 40'. 

DINGIER. Mountains in the Khasia and Jaintia Hills district, 
Assam. The highest peak is 6400 feet above the sea-level. 

DINGRTJ. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; and halting-place on a 
rivulet of the same name, on the southern declivity of the Shatal Pass. 
Elevation above the sea, 12,300 feet. Lat. 31 21', long. 78 1'. 

DINGUR KINGUR. See DINGARH. 

DINHATTA. Thana in Kuch Behar State, Bengal. Area, 270 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 155,584. 

DINHTJTLA. Town in Kuch Behar State, Bengal; sixty-one miles 
north-east from Dinajpur, ten miles south from Behar. Lat. 26 7', 
long. 89 26'. 

DIODAR. See DEODAR. 

DIPAL (DTITI). Town in Nepal State ; fifty-one miles south-west 
from Jemlah, and seventy miles north-east from Pilibhit. Lat. 29 5', 
long. 80 54'. 

DIPALPTJR. Town (in tahsil of same name), in Montgomery district, 
Punjab ; formerly of much importance, as capital of a Mughal Province. 
Lat. 30 37', long. 73 38'. Pop. (1881), 3435. Area of tahsil, 956 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 154,590. 

DIPALPTJR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Mhow to Nimach, twenty- seven miles north-west of the 
former, and 128 south-east of the latter. Lat. 22 51', long. 75 55'. 
Pop., about 4000. 

DIPLA. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in the Thar 
and Parkar district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 24 28', long. 69 37' 30". 
Pop. 893. Pop. of taluk (1872), 14,524. 

DIRAPUR. See DERAPUR. 

DIRAWUL (DILAWUR). See DILAWAR. 

DIRIAPUR. Town in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Etawah, and nineteen miles south of the former. Lat. 27 
3j', long. 78 12'. 

DIROI. River of Sibsagar district, Assam ; flows into the Disang, a 
tributary of the Brahmaputra, in lat. 27 4', long. 94 41'. 

DIRONDEM. Village in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 291. 

DISA (DEESA). Town in Palanpur State, Bombay ; on the Banas. 
Lat. 24 14' 30", long. 72 12' 30". Pop. (1881), 3830. A British 
cantonment is three miles north-east of the town. Pop. (1881), 4546. 



DIS DOB 247 

DISAI. River in Sibsagar district, Assam ; rising in the Naga Hills, 
and flowing into the Brahmaputra. 

DISANG. River of Sibsagar district, Assam ; rising in lat. 26 47', 
long. 95 25', in the country inhabited by the Naga tribes ; falls into the 
Brahmaputra in lat. 27 4', long. 94 30'. 

DISAUN. See DHAS!N. 

DISUR. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; seventy-five miles 
south-east from Jodhpur, and 110 miles south-west from Ajmere. Lat. 
25 19', long. 73 39'. 

DITAUN. See DEKTATJN. 

DIU. Island and seaport town in Kathiawar, Bombay; a Portuguese 
settlement; distant from Ahmedabad, south-west, 192 miles; Baroda, 
south-west, 182; Bombay, north-west, 170. Lat. 20 43' 20", long. 71 
2' 30". Area, 52 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 12,636. 

DIVI POINT. A low headland on the coast of Kistna district, 
Madras. Around the point, and between it and the cape known 
as Divi False Point, several branches of the river Kistna fall into the 
sea. Divi Point is nineteen miles north-east of the mouths of the 
Kistna, and thirteen south of Masulipatam. Lat. 15 57' 30", long. 
81 14'. 

DIVULPALLI. Town in Haidarabad State ; seventy-nine miles south- 
east from Haidarabad, and seventy-three miles north-west from Grautur. 
Lat. 16 50', long. 79 35'. 

DIWALA. See DEWALA, 

DIWALGAON. See DEWALGAON. 

DIWALGAON RAJA. See DEULG^ON RAJ!. 

DIWALGHAT. See DEULGHAT. 

DIW ALIA. See DEWALTA. 

DIWALWARA. See DEWALW!RA. 

DIWANGIRL Village in Kamrup district, Assam. Lat. 26 51', 
long. 91 27'. A large fair is annually held in the district. 

DIWARNAGAR. Town in Sylhet district, Bengal; thirty-three 
miles west of Sylhet, Lat. 24 59', long. 91 20' 

DIWAS. See DEW!S. 

DOA. Village in Kyouk-hpyu district, British Burma. Lat. 20 10', 
long. 94 17'. 

DOAB, THE. A tract of country, as its name implies, situated 
between two rivers, i.e. the Ganges and the Jumna. It includes the 
districts of Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Bulandshahr, Aligarh, 
parts of Muttra, and Agra, Etah, Mainpuri, the greater part of Etawah, 
and Farrukhabad, Cawnpore, Fatehpur, and part of Allahabad. 

DOABA DAUDZAL Tahsil in Peshawar district, Punjab. Area, 
182 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 68,962. 

DOARI. Town in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Eampur to Srinagar, thirty-seven miles south of the latter. Lat. 29 
41',long. 78 59'. 

DOBBILI (BOBILI). See BOBBILT. 

DOBDTJR HAUT. Town in Sibsagar district, Assam; ten miles south 
of Sibsagar. Lat. 26 52', long. 94 37'. 

DOBHI. Town in Narsinhpur district, Central Provinces. POD. 
(1881), 2117. 



248 DOE DOH 

DOBURJI. Town in Lahore district, Punjab ; on the right bank of. 
the Ghara river, fifty miles south of the town of Lahore. Lat. 30 53', 
long. 74 20'. 

DODA. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the route 
from Nirnach to Betul, fifty-one miles south-east of former, 261 north- 
west of latter. Elevation above the sea, 1482 feet. Lat. 23 46', long. 
75 10'. 

DODA. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab. Lat. 33 12', long. 75 18'. 

DODABALLA (DODA BALAPOR). See DOD-BALLAPUR. 

DODABETTA. The loftiest summit of the Nilgiri Hills, in the Nilgiri 
Hills district, Madras; height, 8760 feet. Lat. 11 25', long. 76 40'. 

DODAIRI (DODDER!). Village (in taluk of same name), in Chital- 
drug district, Mysore State ; distant from Chitaldrug, east, twenty-two 
miles; Bangalore, north-west, 110; Serin gapatam, north, 130. Lat. 14 
17' 50", long. 76 45' 5". Pop. (1871), 1003. Area of taluk, 851 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1871), 77,231. 

DODALLI. Village in Coorg, Madras. 

DOD-BALLAPUR Town and municipality (in taluk of same name), 
in Bangalore district, Mysore; on the Arkavati. Lat. 13 13' 40", long. 
77 22' 50". Pop. (1871), 7449. Area of taluk, 292 sq. miles. Pop 
(1871), 63,707. 

DODDABANDARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 211. 

DODDABBTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 34. 

DODDABETTAKERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 45. 

DODDABILAHA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 180. 

DODDAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 67. 

DODDAKOALL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 380. 

DODDAKOLATTTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 129 

D ODD AKTIND A. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 80. 

D ODD AL AVAR A. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 110. 

DODDAMANCHALLI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 330. 

DODDATELLUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 318. 

D ODD ATTUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 86. 

DODDERI. See DODAIRI. 

DODHTJR See DODA. 

DODKA. State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay ; paying a tribute of 1 1 
yearly to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Area 2^ sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
4576. 

DODTIKI. Town in Raipnr district, Central Provinces ; 118 miles 
south-east from Nagpur, and seventy-six miles east from Chanda. Lat. 
20 5', long. 80 33'. 

DOGHIN. River in Amherst district, British Burma ; falls into the 
Gyaing river, in lat. 16 55', long. 98 6'. 

DOHAD (DOHTID). Town (in subdivision of same name) in Gwalior 
State, Central India Agency ; on the route from Mhow to Disa, 118 miles 
north-west of former, 208 south-cast of latter ; distant west of Ujjain 
100 miles, north-east of Baroda 77. Lat. 22 50', long. 74 15'. Pop. 
(1881), 12,394. Area of subdivision, 600 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
100,639. 

DOHARIGHAT. Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. ; on the Gogra. 
Lat. 26 16', long. 83 33' 30". 



DOS DON 249 

DOHRA. Tillage in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on the route by 
Nanak Math, from Pilibhit to Almora, twenty-five miles north of the 
former. Lat. 28 57', long. 79 49'. 

DOHRL Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 3634. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 47,427. 

DOISA. Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal; 100 miles south of 
Sherghati. Lat. 23 7', long. 84 51'. 

DOKHL Thana in Agra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 26,757. 

DOLANTJH. Town in Meerut district, N.W.P. ; twenty-eight miles 
east of Delhi. Lat. 28 38', long. 77 43'. 

DOLEH. Group of three villages in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on 
the route from Balotra to Jodhpur, and thirty-three miles north-east of 
the former. Lat. 26 4', long. 72 52'. 

DOLEHKUN. Town in Tanna district, Bombay; fifty-nine miles 
north-east of Bombay. Lat. 19 29', long. 73 36'. 

DOLER. Village in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
355. 

DOLLA. Town in Lakhimpur district, Assam ; six miles from the left 
bank of the Brahmaputra, and twelve south-west of Sadiya. Lat. 27 
42', long. 95 36'. 

DOLORA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 249. 

DOLPHIN'S NOSE. Cape (with lighthouse) at southern entrance of 
Vizagapatam harbour, Vizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 17 41', long. 
83 17'. 

DOMARIAGANJ. Tahsil in Basti district, KW.P. Area, 582 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 280,254. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 90,678. 

DOMEL. Island in the Mergui Archipelago, Mergui district, British 
Burma ; twenty-six miles in length from north to south, and five milef- 
in breadth ; its centre is about lat. 11 27', long. 98 6'. 

DOMELL Town in Jheluni district, Punjab. Lat. 33 1', long. 73 
24'. Pop. (1868), 4135. 

DOMEPARRA. Town in Puri district, Bengal; forty-four miles 
north of Jagannath. Lat. 20 23', long. 85 40'. 

DOMJOR. Thana in Howrah district, Bengal. Area, 19 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 128,477. 

DOMRAH. See DHAME!. 

DOMRAON. Thana in Shahabad district, Bengal. Area, 347 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 259,938. 

DOMRL Town in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; two miles to the 
left or west of the route from Fatehgarh to Kasganj, and forty-four miles 
west of the former. Lat. 27 32', long. 79'. 

DOMTIS. Town in Surat district, Bombay ; on the headland bounding 
the estuary of the river Tapti on the south-east. Distance from the city 
of Surat, south-west, eight miles; Bombay, north, 150. Lat. 21 4', 
lon^. 72 48'. 

pONABYU. Town (in township of same name) in Thonkhwa district, 
British Burma ; on one of the main streams by which the Irawadi flows 
into the sea ; it is sixty-five miles north-west from Rangoon, fifty-four 
miles north-east from Bassein. Lat. 17 15', long. 95 40'. Por>. (1876), 
5800. Pop. of township (1876), 36,122. 



250 DON" DOW 

DONABYTT MYOMA. Revenue circle on the right bank of the 
Irawadi, in Pegu division, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 7328. 

DONDI LOHARA. Chiefship in Chhatisgarh district, Central Pro- 
vinces. Area, 364 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 30,134. 

DONGARGARH. Village in Khairagarh State, Raipur district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 21 11' 30", long. 80 50'. Pop. (1881), 5543. 
Famous for its ruins. 

DONGARPTTR (DUNGERPOR). See DUNGARPUR. 

DONGARTAL (DONGTJRTHAL). Village in Seoni district, Central 
Provinces ; on the route from Seoni to JSTagpur, thirty-six miles north- 
east of the latter. Lat. 21 36', long. 79 24'. 

DON MANICK ISLANDS. Islands in the Meghna estuary, Bengal. 
Lat. 21 55', long. 90 43'. 

DOOAB (THE). See DOAB. 

DOOAB CANAL. See JUMNA RIVER. 

DOOBLANA. See DUBLANA. 

DOR. River of Hazara district, Punjab ; rises in lat. 34 27', long. 
73 7', in the mountains west of Muzaffarabad, which divide the valley 
of the Indus from that of the Jhelum. It holds a westerly course for 
about fifty miles, and, uniting with the Sirrun, falls into the Indus in 
lat. 34 8', long. 72 50'. 

DORAHA. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; eighteen 
miles north-west from Bhopal, and 111 miles south-west from Sagar. 
Lat. 23 21', long. 77 10'. 

DORANDA. Village and cantonment in Lohardaga district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23 21' 31", long. 85 22' 5". 

DORAVID. Town in Haidarabad State ; fifty miles west from 
Haidarabad, and thirty -seven miles east from Mulkair. Lat. 17 18', 
long. 77 50'. 

DORENAL. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras; 139 miles west of 
Masulipatam. Lat. 15 55', long. 79 10'. 

DORNAL GHAT. Pass in JN T ellore district, Madras. Lat. 14 41', 
long. 79 14'. 

DOSTPUR. Thana in Sultanpur district, Oudh. Pop. (1181), 84,125. 

DOTUNUH. See DEOTHAN. 

DOUBLE ISLAND. Island off the coast of Amherst district, British 
Burma; fourteen miles south of Maulmain. Lat. 15 52' 30'', long. 97 
36' 30". 

DOTTLATABAD. See KRISHNAGIRI. 

DOUNGBUN. Revenue circle, Prome district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 9296. 

DOUNG-GYL Town in Bassein district, British Burma; on the 
Bassein river. Lat. 17 22' 30", long. 95 8'. 

DOTING MANA. Revenue circle, Prome district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 544. 

DOWLAISHVARAM (DOWLASERTJM). Town in Godavari district, 
Madras ; it is on the Godavari, five miles south of Rajamahendri, and at 
the point where the great anicut was made. Lat. 16 56' 35", long. 81 
48' 55". Pop. (1881), 8002. 

DOWLASERTJM. See DOWLAISHVABAM. 

DOWLATABAD. See DATJLATABAD. 



DOY DUB 251 

DOYANG (DAYANG). River in the Xaga Hills district, Assam; 
rises on the frontiers of Manipur, in lat. 25 36', long. 94 7' ; falls into 
the Dhaneswari in lat. 26 7', long. 93 59'. 

DRAFA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute of 
370 to the British Government, and 116 to Junagarh. Area, 270 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 14,366. Town (in State of same name) in 
Kathiawar, Bombay; distance from Ahmedabad, south-west, 170 miles. 
Lat. 22, long. 70 13'. 

DRAS (DURAS). Group of villages, with a fort, in Ladakh, near 
the northern frontier of Kashmir State, Punjab ; 9000 feet above the 
sea. Lat. 34 23 ; , long. 75 54'. 

DRAVIDA. An ancient name for Southern India. 

DRUG. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Raipur district, Central 
Provinces. Lat. 21 11', long. 81 21'. Pop. (1881), 3797. Area of 
tahsil, 2197 sq. miles. Pop (1881), 346,626. 

DRUMMONDGANJ. - Thana in Mirzapur district, KW.P. Pop. 
(1881), 19,258. 

DRURAJAPATAM (DUGURAUZAPATAM). Town in ffellore dis- 
trict, Madras ; distance from Madras, north, sixty miles ; Nellore, south, 
thirty-four. Lat. 13 59', long. 80 13'. 

DUAB. See DolB. 

DUABA. Pargana in Ballia district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 88,024. 

DUB. Pass in Kashmir State, Punjab ; over a mountain on the route 
from Attock to Kashmir, by the Baramula road ; it is on the watershed 
dividing the drainage of the Jhelum, on the east side from that of the 
Indus on the west. Lat. 34 17', long. 73 21'. 

DUB AH. River of Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; rises in the 
Kirthar Mountains in lat. 25 54', long. 67 45' and flows into the 
Kajur. 

DUB ALHATL Town in Rajshahi district, Bengal; thirty miles 
north-east of Rampur. Lat. 24 45', long. 88 53'. 

DUBAR. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Rewah to Mirzapur, seventeen miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 24 
59', long. 82 28'. 

DUBARI. Town in Goalpara district, Assam; on the right bank of 
the Brahmaputra ; forty-six miles south-west of Goalpara. Lat. 26, 
long. 89 56'. 

DUBARI. Town in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 11' 26", 
long. 83 49' 5". Pop. (1881), 7502. 

DUBAULIYA. Town in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. ; five miles 
from the left bank of the Gogra river, fifty-three miles west of Gorakhpur. 
Lat. 26 40', long. 82 33'. 

DUBBAR (DABHA). An estuary of the Indus, being one of the 
numerous outlets by which the Indus reaches the sea. The mouth of the 
Dubbar is in lat. 24 21', long. 67 17'. 

DUBBOL See DABHOI. 

DUBDI. Town in Sikkim State, Bengal ; twenty-four miles north 
from Darjiling. Lat. 27 23', long. 88 20'. 

DUBHA. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Budaun to Delhi, sixty-nine miles south-east of the latter. Lat. 28 13', 
long. 78 21'. Pop. 7837. 



252 DUB DUD 

DITBKA. River of Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; falls into the Western 
Ramganga in lat. 28 24', long. 79 17'. 

DUBKI. Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Etawah to Cawnpore, and forty-one miles west of the latter. Lat. 26 
21', long. 79 50'. 

DUBLANA. Town in Bundi State, Rajputana ; 272 miles south-west 
of Mhow, and 235 north of Delhi. Lat. 25 35', long. 75 41'. 

DUELING. Town in Bashahr State, Punjab ; on the left bank of the 
Sutlej, and ninety-six miles north-east from Simla. Lat. 31 44', long. 
78 40'. 

DUBOKA. Town in Nowgong district, Assam ; seventy-three miles 
east of Gauhati. Lat. 26 6', long. 92 53'. 

DUBRA. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; on the 
route from the fort of Gwalior to Sagar, thirty-three miles south of 
former, 169 north-west of latter. Lat. 25 53', long. 78 20'. 

DUBRAJPUR. Town in Birbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 23 47' 
35", long. 87 25'. Contains a Brahman temple. Also thana. Area, 
275 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 126,566. 

DUBTA. See DABTJTA. 

DUBWALLI. Town in Sirsa district, Punjab ; ninety-six miles 
north-west of Hansi. Lat. 29 57', long. 74 49'. 

DUCHO. Town in Nepal State, on the left bank of a branch of the 
Buri Gandak river, and thirty-two miles north from Khatmandu. Lat. 
28 9', long. 85 13'. 

DUDANA. Town in Baroda State; on the left bank of the Banas 
river, thirty-nine miles south-west from Dfsa. Lat. 23 49', long. 
71 42'. 

DUDDI. Town in Belgaum district, Bombay; sixteen miles north- 
west of the town of Belgaum. Lat. 16 2', long. 74 30'. 

DUDDIAN WALLA. Town in Bannu district, Punjab ; on the left 
bank of the Kuram river, fifty-six miles north of the town of Dera Ismail 
Khan. Lat. 32 35', long. 70 52'. 

DUDDUR. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay; seventy 
miles north-east of Haidarabad. Lat. 26 10', long. 69 8'. 

DUDERTI. Town in Bikaner State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Ratangarh to Bikaner, sixty-six miles east of the latter. Lat. 27 57', 
long. 74 24'. 

DUDGAON. Town in Sangli State, Bombay ; sixty-two miles south- 
east from Satara, and eighteen miles north-east from Kolhapur. Lat. 
16 52', long. 74 30'. 

DUDGAUM (DUDGAON). Town in Haidarabad State; 136 miles 
north-east from Jalna, and sixty-seven miles south-east from Ellichpur. 
Lat. 20 17', long. 77 58'. 

DUDHAL Thana in Lalitpur district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 10,227. 

DUDHARA. Thana in Basti district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 49,943. 

DUDHL Thana in Mirzapur district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
35,143. 

DUDHILL A summit of the Himalaya, inDehraDun district, N.W.P. 
Elevation above the sea, 7254 feet. Lat. 30 28', long. 78 2'. 

DUDHMALA. Chief ship in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Area, 
33 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 590. 



DTJD DTTH 253 

DUDHOA. Tillage in Rohtak district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Nimach, and fifty-two miles south of the former. Lat. 28 28', 
long. 76 17'. 

DUDHPUR. State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay. The Chief pays an 
annual tribute of 3 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

DUDHRAJ. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. An annual tribute of 
110 is paid to the British Government and 9 to the Nawab of 
Junagarh. 

DUDHU. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; on the route from Agra 
to Ajmere, 186 miles east of former, forty-two west of latter. Lat. 26 
40', long. 75 18'. 

DUDI (DUDHI). Tillage in Patiala State, Punjab; on the route 
from Hansi to Ludhiana, and fifty-seven miles north of the former town. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta 1033 miles. Lat. 29 53', long. 
76 V. 

DTIDIALI. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the left bank of 
the Sukri river, and sixty-nine miles south from the town of Jodhpur. 
Lat. 25 20', long. 73. 

DTIDI GHAT (DUDHI-GH AT). Tillage in Multan district, Punjab; 
on the right bank of the river Chenab, and five miles north-west of 
Multan. Lat. 30 15', long. 71 22'. 

DUDKUNDA. Town in Nepal State ; on the right bank of a branch 
of the San Kusi river, and forty-eight miles north-east from Khatmandu. 
Lat. 27 54', long. 86 V. 

DTJDKUSL River of Nepal State ; falls into the Kusi in lat. 27 20', 
long. 86 30'. 

DUDNA. River of Haidarabad State ; rises in lat. 20 2', long. 77 
5' ; and falls into the Puma, itself an affluent of the G odavari, in lat. 1 9 
16', long. 76 58', after a course of about 120 miles. 

DUDONIM. Tillage in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 335. 

DUDPATLI (DTIDPUTLI). Tillage in Cachar district, Assam. Lat. 
25 3', long. 92 42'. 

DUDU. Tillage in Bashahr State, Punjab ; on the route from Masuri 
to the Gunas Pass, and five miles north-west of the former place. Eleva- 
tion above the sea, 8790 feet. Lat. 31 11', long. 78 8'. 

DUDU Y A. River of Jalpaiguri district, Bengal. 

DUFFLAPUR. See DAFLAPUB. 

DUG. Town in Jhalawar State, Rajputana. Lat. 23 55', long. 
75 55'. 

DUGARI. Town in Bundi State, Rajputana ; on the route from Delhi 
to Mhow, 210 miles south-west of former, 297 north of latter. Distance 
from Bundi, north-east, nineteen miles. Lat. 25 40', long. 75 52'. 

DUGDUGL Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P.; on the right bank 
of the Ganges, 882 miles from Calcutta by the river, seventy-four miles 
above Allahabad, twenty-two miles east of the town of Fatehpur by 
land. Lat. 25 56', long. 81 15'. 

DUGRIA. State in the Central India Agency. 

DUGSHAL See DAGSHAI. 

DUHLL Town in Etawah district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 2', long. 
78 52'. 



254 DUH DTJL 

DTTHLIA. Town in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the right 
bank of the Ramganga, eight miles north-east of the city of Farrukhabad 
Lat. 27 26', long. 79 45'. 

DTIHRAON (DHERAON). Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Aligarh to Delhi, and thirty-three miles north-west of 
the former. Lat. 28 18', long. 77 53'. 

DUJANA. State of the Punjab ; between lat. 28 39' 15" 28 42' 
15", and long. 76 37' 76 43*'. Area, 114 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
23,416. The chief is called the Nawab of Dujana : he maintains a force 
of 130 men, including police. The population of the capital (Dujana) is 
(1881) 5314. 

DUJANA (DTJJANO). Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the 
route from Nasirabad to Disa, 147 miles south-west of the former. Lat. 
25 17', long. 73 14'. 

DUJANUH. See DujitfA, 

DITKAIN. Village in Akyab district, British Burma ; on the right 
bank of the Kuladan river. Lat. 20 48', long. 93 4'. 

DTTKI A. Village in Moradabad district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Moradabad to Alniora, and twenty-nine miles north of the former place. 
Lat. 29 12', long. 79 1'. 

DUKKA JETTNG. Town in Bhutan State ; on the right bank of the 
Guddada river, and sixty-two miles north-east from DarjOing. Lat. 27 
21', long. 89 15'. 

DUKTATJLI. See DEKTATJLI. 

DUKU. Town in the Abar Hills, on the frontier of Lakhimpur district, 
Assam ; six miles north-east from the river Dibang, and forty miles north- 
west from Sadiya. Lat. 28 14', long. 95 16'. 

DULABARI Town in Rajshahi district, Bengal ; on the river Atrai. 
Distance from Beauleah, north, twenty-five miles ; from Berhampur, by 
Beauleah, fifty-five; from Calcutta, by Berhampur, 180. Lat. 24 42', 
.long. 88 42'. 

DITLAI. Thana in Pabna district, Bengal. Area, 270 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 186,363. 

DULAINUGUR (DTJLABNAGAR). Village in Etawah district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Kalpi to Etawah, and twenty-nine miles 
south-east of the latter. Lat. 26 31', long. 79 26'. 

DULALGANJ. Town in Purniah district, Bengal; seventeen miles 
north-east of Purniah. Lat. 25 53', long. 87 48'. 

DTJLAPUR Village in Mainpuri district, KW.P. ; on the route rrom 
Aligarh to Mainpuri, and seventeen miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 
27 22', long. 78 55'. 

DULA SIRA. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Delhi, and forty-three miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 28 24', long. 77 48' 

DTJLASSERL See DHALESWAEI. 

DULCHIPUR. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces; thirty- 
three miles south-east from Tehri, and thirty-four miles north-east from 
Sagar. Lat. 24 14'. long. 79 3'. 

DTJLGANO. Town in Darrang district, Assam ; sixty-two miles west 
of Bishnath. Lat. 26 34', long. 92 12'. 

DU1HL Town in Kheri district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 2605. 



DUX DTJM 255 

DULL Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal ; forty-one miles north- 
east of Dinapur. Lat. 25 59', long. 85 38'. 

DTJLILTJGANJ. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on the left bank 
of the Ganges, and ninety-one miles south-east from Lucknow. Lat. 25 
40', long. 81 33'. 

DTJLIPGANG (DHULIPGANJ). Tillage in Hardoi district, Oudh ; 
on the route by Shahabad from Lucknow to Shahjahanpur, twenty-four 
miles south of the latter. Lat. 27 31', long. 80 2'. 

DTJLIPGARH (DHTJLIPGARH). Fort in Bannu district, Punjab; 
on the right bank of the Kuram, sixty-three miles north-west of the town 
of Dera Ismail Khan. Lat. 32 41', long. 70 41'. 

DTJLKOT. Village in Delhi district, Punjab ; on the route from Delhi 
to Eewari, and twenty-two miles south-west of the former. Lat. 28 26', 
long. 77 1'. 

DTJLSAIPUR. Tillage in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Agra to Bareilly, and thirty-eight miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
27 32', long. 78 30'. 

DULSING SERAI. Town in Darbhangah district, Bengal ; fifty-one 
miles east of Dinapur. Lat. 25 38', long. 85 55'. 

DTJLTI. See BUSSUNDAR. 

DULTJBA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Gorakhpur to the Nepal territory, forty-six miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 27 20', long. 83 15'. 

DTJLTJRIA. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces ; on 
the route from Hoshangabad to Nurnulla, eleven miles south-west of 
the former. Lat. 22 37', long. 77 40'. 

DUMACEM. Tillage in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 104. 

DUMAGUDIEM. Town in Godavari district, Madras ; on the Goda- 
vari river, 101 miles north of Eajamahendri. Lat. 17 48', long. 80 55', 
Pop. (1871), 1400. 

DTJMAH. Town in Betul district, Central Provinces ; on the route 
from Nurnulla to Betul, fifty-two miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 
21 30', long. 77 39'. 

DTJ MAHAN. Town in Nepal State; forty-four miles south-east 
from Khatmandu, and seventy-six miles north-east from Bettia. Lat. 
27 11', long. 85 42'. 

DUMAJI. Tillage in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; on the route 
from Sehwan to Karachi, and sixty miles north-east of tfc.e latter town. 
Lat. 25 21', long. 67 50'. 

DUMALTING. Town in Bhutan State; 110 miles east from Darjiling, 
and seven miles from the left bank of river Bagni. Lat 26 52', long. 
93 3'. 

DTTMBA (DUMBER). River of Karachi district, S'nd, Bombay; 
rises in the Kirthar Mountains and falls into the Malari ri^er in lat. 24 
52', long. 67 15'. 

DTJMDUHA. Town in Purniah district, Bengal; twenty-two miles 
west of the town of Purniah, on the west or right bank of the river Kusi. 
Lat. 25 41', long. 87 11'. 

DUM-DUM. Town, municipality, and cantonment (in subdivision of 
name), in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; distant from 



>ame 



256 DTTM 

Calcutta, north-east, 4 miles. Lat. 22 37' 52", long. 88 27' 51". 
Pop. (1872), 5179. A station on the Eastern Bengal Kail way. It is 
composed of two divisions, North Dum-Dum with a population (1881) of 
5201, and South Dum-Dum which contains (1881), 14,108 inhabitants. 
In its vicinity is a cannon foundry, the " Woolwich " of India. Area of 
subdivision, 24 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 34,291. Also thana. Area, 
24 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 31,578. 

DUMDUM. Valley in Kashmir State, Punjab ; with a pass over the 
mountains which inclose that country to the south. This pass is generally 
called the Pir Panjal Pass, but sometimes the Nandan Sar Pass. It is 
11,800 feet above the sea, and through it lies one route into Kashmir 
from the Punjab, by Rajawur. Lat. 33 45', long. 75. 

DUMDTIMA. Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Ganges, 788 miles north-west of Calcutta by the river route, sixteen 
south-east of the city of Allahabad by the same. Lat. 25 19', long. 82 9'. 

DTIMDTJMA. Village in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; 
on the Isamati, an offset of the Ganges. Distance from Calcutta, east, 
forty-two miles. Lat. 22 28', long. 89 3'. 

DUMDUMINIA. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal ; twenty miles 
south-west of Rajmahal. Lat. 24 55', long. 87 31'. 

DUMDUMMA. Town in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; ninety-six miles 
east of Bhagalpur. Lat. 25 18', long. 88 31.' 

DUMJA. Town in Nepal State ; on the left bank of the San Kusi 
river, and thirty-six miles north-west from Khatmandu. Lat. 27 25', 
long. 85 46'. 

DUMKA See NATA DTJMKA. 

DUMKAIRA. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces ; 173 miles 
east from Nagpur, and ninety-four miles south-east from Ramgarh. Lat. 
21 39', long. 81 45'. 

DUMKOT. Town in Garhwal district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bijnaur to Srmagar, thirteen miles south of the latter. Lat. 30 4', long, 
78 50'. 

DUMMOW. See DAMOH. 

DUMOH. See DAMOH. 

DUMP A. Town in Bhutan State; 146 miles north-east from Darjiling, 
and 130 miles north from Goalpara. Lat. 28, long. 90 27'. 

DUMRA FALLS. Waterfalls in Hill Tipperah State, Bengal. 

DUMRAON. Town and municipality in Shahabad district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 32' 59", long. 84 11' 42". Pop. (1881), 17,429. Station on 
the East Indian Railway. 

DUMRAON CANAL. Part of the Arrah Canal in Shahabad district, 
Bengal, 40| miles in length. 

DUMUL. Town in Dharwar district, Bombay ; fifty-two miles south- 
east of Dharwar. Lat. 15 18', long. 75 50'. 

DUMURDAH. Town in Hugli district, Bengal; on the Hugli river. 
Lat. 23 2' 15", long, 88 28' 50". 

DUMURHI. Thana in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Area, 509 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 68,685. 

DUMURIAGANJ. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; fifty-two 
miles north-west of Gorakhpur. Distant north from Allahabad and 
Benares 135 miles. Lat. 27 10', long. 82 43'. 



257 

DUN. Parganas of Dehra district, N.W.P. ; having a population 
respectively (1881) of Eastern, 21,018; Western, 77,935. 

DUN. Hills in Champaran district, Bengal. 

DUNA GIBI. Town in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Almora to Srmagar, nineteen miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
29 48', long. 79 30'. 

DUNAHAR. Village in Mainpuri district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Agra to Mainpuri, and nine miles west of the latter. Lat. 27 14', 
long. 78 58'. 

DUNAL GHAT. See DORNAL GHAT. 

DUN ARA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajpntana ; on the left bank of 
the Luni river, and thirty-three miles south-west from Jodhpur. Lat. 
25 55', long. 72 52'. 

DUNDA. Town in Haidarabad State; 170 miles north-west from 
Haidarabad. Lat. 19 50', long. 78 15'. 

DUNDAHALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 40. 

DUNDI. Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route by 
Nanakmath to Rudarpur, from the town of Pilibhit, twenty-eight miles 
north-west of the latter. Lat. 28 58', long. 79 43'. 

DUNDIA KHER. See DATJKDIAKHERA. 

DUNDISRUH. See DERESTJRA. 

DUNDORTA. Village in Daman district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 671. 

DUNDORUH. See DENDAURA. 

DUNDUKA. Town in Ahmedabad district, Bombay ; sixty-two miles 
south-west of the city of Ahmedabad, 100 north-west of Surat. Lat. 
22 20', long. 71 56'. 

DUNDWARAGANJ. Town in Etah district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 43' 
50", long. 78 59' 34". Pop. (1872), 5414. 

DUNGA (TUPI DUNGA). Halting-place in Kumaun district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route by the Anta Dhara Pass from Almora to Thibet; 
144 miles north-east of Almora, about four miles south of the crest of the 
pass, and eight miles south of the Chinese frontier. The elevation is 
about 15,450 feet. Lat. 30 32', long. 80 17'. 

DUNGAGALI. Village and sanitarium in Hazara district, Punjab ; 
on the Mochpura Hill. 

DUNGAR MALLANI (DONGUR MULARNI). Town in Jaipur 
State, Rajputana ; sixty-six miles south-east from Jaipur, and ninety- 
eight miles west from Gwalior. Lat. 26 16', long. 76 41'. 

DUNGARPUR (DONGERPUR). Town in Rampur State, N.W.P. 
Lat. 28 49', long. 79 5'. 

DUNGARPUR. State in Rajputana; between lat. 23 31' 
24 3', and long. 73 37' 74 16'. Area, 1000 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 86,429, exclusive of 66,952 Bhils. Bounded on the north 
by Udaipur State; on the east by Udaipur, the river Mahi, and 
Banswara States; on the south by the Mahi river; and on the west 
by the Mahi Kantha Agency, Bombay. The rivers are the Mahi and 
the Som; the chief towns are Dungarpur (the capital) and Gallia- 
kot. The chief, who is called the Maharawal, is entitled to a salute 
of 18 guns; he maintains a force of four guns, about 400 cavalry, and 
1000 infantry. 

17 



258 DUN DUE 

DUNGARPUR. Capital of Dungarpur State, Pajputana; on the 
route from Nimach to Disa. Lat. 23 52', long. 73 49'. 

DUNGAVA. Town in Bilaspur district, Central Provinces ; on the 
left bank of the Hatsu river, and 208 miles south-west from Sherghati. 
Lat. 22 28', long. 82 34'. 

DUNGERPOR. See DuNGinpuR. 

DUNGHAI. Tillage in Patna district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Hazaribagh to Benares, forty- three miles north-west of former, 146 south- 
east of latter. It is situate at the north-west extremity of the pass of 
the same name, at the bottom of the descent by which the road passes 
from the high land of Ramgarh to the plains of Behar. Lat. 24 27'. 
long. 85. 

DUNGKOT. Town in Nepal State ; eighty-four miles north-east from 
Khatmandu, and 137 miles north-west from Darjiling. Lat. 28 10', 
long. 86 32'. 

DUNGRA. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P., with a small Hindu 
temple, a mile from the left bank of the Lohughat river, and two from its 
confluence with the Kali (eastern). Lat. 29 20', long. 80 19'. 

DTINHORA. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; 102 miles 
south-east from Nagpur, and sixty-seven miles north-east from Chanda. 
Lat. 20 14', long. 80 21'. 

DUNI. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; distant from Jaipur, south, 
seventy miles. Lat. 25 53', long. 75 47'. 

DUNKAUR. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Muttra to Delhi by the left bank of the Jumna, and twenty-eight 
miles south-east of Delhi. Lat. 28 21', long. 77 37'. 

DUNRAN. Creek in Thonkhwa district, British Burma, three miles 
in length. 

DUNRENG. A summit of the Zwai-ka-beng Hills, in Amherst 
district, British Burma. 

DUNRENG. Revenue circle, Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 1881. 

DUNTHAMIE. River of Shwe-gyeng district, British Burma ; in lat. 
16 59' 30" ; falls into the Bhenglaing, a tributary of the Salwin. 

DTJNTOLA. Town in Purniah district, Bengal ; forty-five miles north- 
east of Purniah. Lat. 26 9', long. 88 6'. 

DUNWAR. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal ; fifty-one miles 
south-west of Dinapur. Lat. 25 9', long. 84 28'. 

DUN WON. Village in Amherst district, British Burma; on the left 
bank of the Bhileng. Pop. (1876), 281. 

DUN YAPUR. Town in Multan district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 2041. 

DUPHALA. See DAPHLA. 

DUPHA PANI RIVER. River of Lakhimpur district, Assam; falls 
into the Noh Dihing river in lat. 27 28', long. 96 30'. 

DUPUND. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras; 120 miles west of 
Masulipatam. Lat. 15 56', long. 79 26'. 

DURA. Revenue circle, Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 7216. 

DURA. Group of lakes in Henzada district, British Burma. 

DURA. Town in Agra district, N.W.P. ; nineteen miles south-west 
of the city of Agra. Lat. 27 3', long. 77 48'. 



DUR 259 

DURABAND (DERABUND). Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, 
Punjab ; about forty-two miles south-west of Dera Ismail Khan. It is 
the place of rendezvous of the Lohani and other caravans, which every 
spring depart westward with the annual supply of British and Indian 
wares for Central Asia. Lat. 31 35', long. 70 13'. 

DURAJI. Town in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; on the great 
western branch of the Indus. Lat. 24 30', long. 67 30'. 

DURALAH. Village in Karnal district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Karnal to Ludhiana, and seventeen miles north-west of the former 
town. Distant north-west from Calcutta, 982 miles. Lat. 30 2', long. 
76 52'. 

DURAMAU. Town in Sultanpur district, Oudh ; sixty miles south- 
east from Lucknow, and fifty-five miles north-east from Fatehpur. Lat. 
26 17', long. 81 41'. 

DURBUH (DURBA). Village in Sirsa district, Punjab. Lat. 29 25', 
long. 75 12'. 

DURBUNGA. See DARBHANGAH. 

DURDURIA. Ruined town and fort in Dacca district, Bengal ; called 
also Ranibari. 

DURG AD AS. Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Etawah, and seventy -two miles south-east of the latter. 
Lat, 26 11', long. 79 57'. 

DURGAON (DERGAON). Village in Garhwal State, KW.P. ; on 
the western declivity of a mountain rising from the left bank of the Tons, 
about 2000 feet above its bed. Lat. 31 4', long. 78 11'. 

DURGAPUR. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal ; seventy-five 
miles south of Goalpara. Lat. 25 4', long. 90 41'. 

DURGAPUR. Thana in Maimansinh district, Bengal. Area, 382 sq.. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 116,457. 

DURGARAYAPATNAM. Town in Nellore district, Madras. Lat. 
13 59', long. 80 12'. Pop. (1871), 1970. Historically interesting as 
being the first British settlement on this coast. 

DURGINUGRA. Village in Rampur State, KW.P; on the route 
from Bareilly to Moradabad, and thirty-eight miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 28 44', long. 79 8'. 

DURGUK. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; 220 miles north-east 
from Jammu, and 189 miles north-east from Kangra. Lat. 34 8', long. 
78 17'. 

DURHATTA. Town in Huglf district, Bengal; thirty-two miles 
north-west of Calcutta. Lat. 22 54', long. 88 5'. 

DURIAGANJ. Town in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; thirty-three 
miles north-west of the city of Farrukhabad. Lat. 27 37', long. 79 8'. 

DURIBA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; fifty miles north from 
Jaipur, and 103 miles north-west from Bhartpur. Lat. 27 39', long. 
75 59'. 

DURIHA. Town in Panna State, Central India Agency ; twenty-six 
miles south-east from Panna, and ninety-six miles north-east from. Jabal- 
pur. Lat. 24 27', long. 80 33'. 

DURIPUR. See DARYA"PUR. 

DURKOTHL See DARKUTI. 

DURLAH. See DHARL!. 



260 DTJR DIJT 

DTJRMAHPUR. Town in Oudh ; eighty-six miles north-east from 
Shahjahanpur. Lat. 28 11', long. 81 20'. 

DTTRMAWARAM. See D HARM AVAR AH. 

DUROD. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute 
of 36 to the British Government, and 5 to the ]N"awab of Junagarh. 

DTJRRATTNGDRA. See DHRANGADRA. 

DURRTJNG. See DARRANG. 

BTIRRTJR. Town in Haidarabad State ; thirty-six miles north-west 
of Karnul. Lat. 16 13', long. 77 44'. 

DURSANDAH. Town in Banda district, N.W.P. ; on the river 
Bagain, a tributary of the Jumna ; seven miles south-west of the right 
bank of the latter, thirty-nine east of the town of Banda. Lat. 25 27', 
long. 80 57'. 

DTJRUK. Town in Kheri district, Oudh ; seventy miles east from 
Pilibhit, and eighty-one miles north-east from Shahjahanpur. Lat. 28 
35', long. 81. 

DTJRTJNDA. See DORANDA. 

DURWAI (DHTTRWAI). Town in Jhansi district, N/W.P. ; sixty- 
three miles south-west of Kalpi. Lat. 25 28', long. 79 7'. 

DURWESHABAD. Town in Fatehpur district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Hamirpur to Fatehpur, and fourteen miles north-west of the 
latter. Lat. 26 1', long. 80 41'. 

DUSGAON. Town in Bardwan district, Bengal ; seventy-nine miles 
north-west of Calcutta. Lat. 23 30', long. 87 42'. 

DUSNAGAR. Town in Sylhet district, Assam ; thirty-six miles south 
of Sylhet. Lat. 24 25', long. 91 45' 

DTISPTILLA. See DASPALL!. 

DUSSAMEDH. Thana in Benares district, 1S T .W.P. Pop. (1881), 
41,135. 

DUSSARA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute of 
1296 to the British Government. 

DTJSTPTJR Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on the route from 
Gorakhpur to Sultanpur, eighty-four miles west of the former, twenty- 
six east of the latter. Lat. 26 18', long. 82 30'. 

DTJTI (DIP AL). Town in Nepal State ; on the left bank of one of 
the branches of the Gogra river, and 101 miles north-east from Bareilly. 
Lat. 29 5', long. 80 54'. 

DTJTIEYA KHARENG. Revenue circle, Assam district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 477. 

DUTNAGAR. Tillage in Bashahr State, Punjab ; on the left bank of 
the Sutlej. Elevation above the sea, 3200 feet. Lat. 31 24', long. 
77 38'. 

DTITTAHTJR. Town in Nellore district, Madras; 137 miles north- 
west of Madras. Lat. 14 50', long. 79 22'. 

DUTTAIBTJD. Town in Jaipur State, Yizagapatam district, Madras ; 
fifteen miles south-east from Jaipur, and 102 miles north-west from 
Vizagapatam. Lat. 19, long. 82 40'. 

DUTTIA. See DATIA. 

DTJTTGDA. Town in Indore State, Central India Agency; 107 miles 
south-west from Bhopal, and 215 miles south-east from Ahmedabad. 
Lat. 22 33', long. 75 55'. 



DUT EDA 261 

DTJVAH. Town in Kistna district, Madras ; fifty-four miles north- 
east of Masulipatam. Lat. 16 47', long. 81 41'. 

DUWAEKA (DOARKA). Fort in Sultanpur district, Oudh; on the 
left bank of the river Gumti, thirty-two miles south-east of Sultanpur 
cantonment, 110 south-east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 2', long. 82 28'. 

DWARA HATH (DEWARA HATH). Tillage in Kumaun district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Almora to Srinagar, and twenty-five miles 
north-west of the former. Lat. 29 47', long. 79 28'. 

DWARBAND. Pass in Cachar district, Assam ; between Hailakandi 
and the station of Silchar. 

DWARIKESWAR. See DHALKISOR. 

DWARKA (DWARIKA). Temple of Krishna or Dwarkanath, and 
scene of Hindu pilgrimage, in Kathiawar, within the dominions of the 
Baroda State. Lat. 22 14' 20", long. 69 5'. Pop. (1881), 5840. 

DWARKA (BABLA). River of the Santal Parganas, Birbhum, and 
Murshidabad districts, .Bengal; rising in lat. 23 57', long. 87 21'; 
falls into the Bhagirathi, in lat. 23 43', long. 88 10'. 

DWARKESWAR. See DHALKISOR. 

DWAR-KHALING. Forest in Darrang district, Assam. Area, 6242 
acres. Pop. (1872), 7224. 

DWARS, EASTERN. Subdivision of Goalpara district, Assam ; 
between lat. 26 19' 26 54', and long. 89 55' 91. Area, 1568 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1869-70), 37,047. Ceded to the British Government in 
1865 by the Bhutan Raja, who receives an annual allowance of 2500, 
which may be increased to 5000 or withdrawn entirely at the pleasure 
of the British Government. 

DWARS, WESTERN. Subdivision of Jalpaiguri district, Bengal; 
formerly a part of Bhutan. Area, 1880 sq. miles. Pop. (1870), 90,063. 
These I) wars are nine in number, viz. : Bhalka, Bhatibari, Baxa, Chakoa- 
Kshattriya, Madari, Lakshmipur, Maraghat, Mainaguri, and Cheng- 
mari. 

DYAGANJ. See DEAGANJ. 

DYALOITNG. River of Nowgong district, Assam ; rising in lat. 26 
4', long. 93 42' ; falls into the Kallang, a tributary of the Brahmaputra, 
in lat. 26 12', long. 92 31'. 



E 

EASTERN DWARS. See DWARS, EASTERN. 

EASTERN GHATS. See GHATS. 

ECHAGTJR. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal; 163 miles north- 
west of Calcutta. Lat. 23 6', long. 85 59'. 

ECHAWTIR. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Hindya to Sehore, forty-five miles north of former, twelve 
south of latter. Lat. 23 3', long. 77. 

ECHIBUL. Fine fountain in Kashmir State, Punjab. Lat. 33 39 r , 
long. 75 12'. 

EDAP ADI. Town in Salem district, Madras. Pop. (1881), 3942. 

EDAR. State in Mahi Kantha Agency, Bombay j bounded on the 



262 EDA EKEE 

north by Sirohi and TJdaipur States, Rajputana ; on the east by Dungar- 
pur State, Rajputana ; and on the south and west by Bombay and the 
Baroda State. Area, 4966 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 258,429. The Chief, 
who is called the Maharaja of Edar, is entitled to a salute of 15 guns, and 
pays a yearly tribute of 3034 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. He maintains 
a force of about 1136 troops, cavalry and infantry. 

EDAR. Capital of Edar State, Bombay; sixty-four miles north-east 
of Ahmedabad. Lat. 23 50', long. 73 4'. Pop. (1881), 6263. 

EDDAWANA. Village in Malabar district, Madras; on the Bepur 
river. Lat. 11 59' 45", long. 75 45' 50". Pop. (1871), 4471. 

EDMI. Village in Mainpuri district, ~N".W.P. ; on the route from 
Agra to Mainpuri, and thirty-six miles west of the latter. Lat. 27 7', 
long. 78 35'. 

EDMONSTONE ISLAND. An island at the mouth of the Hugli 
river, Bengal. Lat. 21 32', long. 88 20'. 

EDOREM. Village in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 116. 

EDTJR. See EDAR. 

EDWARDESABAD (DHTJLIPNAGAR.) Chief town, municipality, 
and cantonment, in Bannu district, Punjab. Lat. 32 59' 45", long. 70 
38' 51". Pop. (1881), 8960. Pounded in 1848 by Major (afterwards 
Sir Herbert) Edwardes. 

EECHLUPURA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 53. 
EECHUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 525. 
EGATPTTRA. See IGATPURI. 
EGMORE. Quarter of Madras Town. 

EGRA. Thana in Midnapur district, N.W.P. Area, 122 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 63,417. 
EGTJTPTJRA. See IGATPURI. 

EINWA. Town in Gonda district, Oudh ; on the left bank of the 
Gogra river, and fifty-four miles west from Gorakhpur. Lat. 26 35', 
long. 82 33'. 

EKA. Thana in Mainpuri district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 63,524. 
EKAMB A. Village in Purniah district, Bengal. Lat. 25 58', long. 
87 36' 30". There is an annual fair held every February. 

EKATI. Town in Nepal State; forty-eight miles south-west from 
Khatmandu, and fifty-two miles north from Bettia. Lat. 27 30', long. 
84 34'. 

EKATJNA. Pargana in Bahraich district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 89,626. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 31,387. 

EKBALPUR. Suburb of Calcutta. Area, 1005 acres. Pop. (1881), 
15,869. 

EKDALA. Pargana in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
65,499. 

EKDIL SERAL. Village in Etawah district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Kalpi to Etawah, and six miles south-east of the latter. Lat. 26 
45', long. 79 8'. 

EKDULLA KHASS. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Allahabad to Hamirpur, fifty-two miles north-west of tho 
former. Lat. 25 38', long. 81 9'. 
EKHUMBA. See EKAMB!. 



EKL ELL 263 

EKLASPUR. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal. Pop. (1872), 
2441. 

EKTALL Town in Midnapur district, Bengal ; eighty-eight miles* 
south-west of Calcutta. Lat. 22 20', long. 87 4'. 

EKWARI. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal. Pop. (1872), 2661. 

ELAMBAZAR. See ILAMBIZIR. 

ELATTJR. River of Malabar district, Madras ; flows into a backwater 
communicating with the sea. Lat. 11 20' 30", long. 75 45' 45". 

ELAVARASANANDAL ( ILIYAR AS AINEND AL ). Tillage in 
Tinnevelli district, Madras. Lat. 9 12', long. 77 50'. Pop. (1871), 
14,803. 

ELEPHANT POINT. Point in Chittagong district, Bengal ; eighty- 
five miles south of Chittagong, and eighty-nine miles north-west of 
Akyab. Lat. 21 9', long. 92 8'. 

ELEPHANT POINT. Headland in Rangoon district, British Burma ; 
on the west side of the mouth of the Rangoon river, twenty- three miles 
south of Rangoon. Lat. 16 28', long. 96 25'. 

ELEPHANTA. Island on the east side of the harbour of Bombay, 
and distant about four miles from the mainland. It is more than four 
miles in circumference, and is composed of two long hills, with a narrow 
valley between them. The usual landing-place is towards the south, 
where the valley is broadest. About 250 yards to the right of the 
landing-place used to be a large clumsy figure of an elephant, cut out 
of an insulated black rock ; and from this circumstance the island (which 
by the natives is called Gharapuri) has derived the denomination by 
which it is known to Europeans. The island is famed for its rock-caves. 
Lat. 18 57', long. 73. 

ELGANDAL. District in Haidarabad State. Area, 7480 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 471,787. 

ELLEN ABAD. Town and municipality in Sirsa district, Punjab ; on 
the Ghaggar, twenty-three miles west of Sirsa. Lat. 29 26', long. 75 
54'. Pop. (1881), 4131. 

ELLICHPUR (ILICHPTJR). District in the East Berar division of 
Berar or the Haidarabad Assigned Districts ; between lat. 20 50' 30" 
21 46' 30", and long. 76 40' 77 54'. Area, 2623 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
313,805. Bounded on the north by Betul and Chindwara districts, 
Central Provinces ; on the east by the "Wardha river ; on the south by 
Amraoti district; and on the west by Nimar and Akola districts. The 
chief mountains are the Satpura range, and the Gawilgarh Hills ; there 
are numerous small streams flowing into the "Wardha, Purna, and 
Tapti rivers. The district was assigned to the British Government in 
1853. 

ELLICHPUR Capital town and municipality (in taluk of same name) 
in Ellichpur district, Berar. Lat. 21 15' 30", long. 77 29' 30". Pop. 
(1881), 26,728. Area of taluk, 469 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 148,041. 

ELLORA. Town in Haidarabad State ; thirteen miles from Aurang- 
abad, seven miles f rom Daulatabad ; famous for its rock caves and temples, 
Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain. 

ELLORE. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in Goda- 
vari district, Madras. Lat. 16 42' 35", long. 81 9' 5". Pop. (1881), 
-5,092. Area of taluk, 729 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 136,875. 



264 ELP ERI 

ELPHINSTONE ISLAND. Island on the coast of Mergui district, 
British Burma ; thirteen miles long and four and a half broad ; sixty-live 
nniles north-west from the town of Tenasserim. Lat. 12 21', long. 98 10'. 

EMENABAD. See EMINIBID. 

EMILIA. Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Rewah, and twenty-four miles south-east of the former city. 
Lat. 25 15', long. 82 10'. 

EMINABAD. Town and municipality in Gujranwala district, 
Punjab. Lat. 32 2' 15", long. 74 18'. Pop. (1881), 5886. 

EMMEMADTJ. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 311. 

EMROKI. Tillage in Samthar State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Gwalior to Sagar, sixty miles south-east of the former. 
Distance south-west of Kalpi, fifty-four miles. Lat. 25 47', long. 79 2'. 

ENDRISA. Tillage in Kapurthala State, Punjab ; situate in the 
bifurcation where the Beas and Sutlej rivers unite. Endrissa is in lat. 
31 12', long. 75 3'. 

ENG-GA-BIT. Revenue circle, Thonkhwa district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 4736. 

ENG-GYENG. Revenue circle, Kyouk-hpyii district, British Burma. 
Area, 6 sq. miles. Pop. (1876-77), 791. 

ENGLISH BAZAR (ANGRAZAB AD). Capital of Maldah district, 
Bengal. Lat. 25 0' 14", long. 88 11' 20". Pop. (1881), 12,430. Also 
thana. Area, 128 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 85,045. 

ENGMA-MYOMA. Revenue circle, Prome district, British Burma. 

ENG-RAI. Revenue circle, Bassein district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876-77), 6248. 

ENG-RAI. Town (in revenue circle of same name) in Bassein 
district, British Burma. Lat. 17 10' 30", long. 95 18' 30". Pop. 
(1876-77), 1500. 

ENG-RAI-GYI. Lake (about three miles in circumference) in Bassein 
district, British Burma. There are a vast number of fish in this lake, and 
upwards of 10,000 persons are employed in the fishing industry. 

ENG-WON. Revenue circle, Tavoy district, British Burma. Area, 
9 sq. miles. Pop. (1876-77), 2730. 

ENG-ZAYA. Revenue circle, Thonkhwa district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876-77), 3739. 

ENNORE. Town in Chengalpat district, Madras ; twelve miles north 
of Madras. Lat. 13 30' 40", long. 80 21' 55". Pop. (1871), 1286. 

ENTALLI. Tillage in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; a 
suburb of Calcutta. Lat. 22 33' 15", long. 88 24' 30". Area, 1081 
acres. Pop. (1881), 26,929. 

ERAN. Tillage in Sagar district, Central Provinces. Lat. 24 5' 30", 
long. 78 15'. Pop. (1870), 446. Remarkable for its remains and monu- 
ments. Forty-eight miles west of iSagar town. 

ERANDOL. Capital (in subdivision of same name) of Khandesh 
district, Bombay. Lat. 20 56', long. 75 20' 30". Pop. (1881), 11,501. 
Area of subdivision, 460 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 90,872. 

ERICH (IREJ). See IBICH. 

ERINPURA (ERINPURAMW Town in Sirohi State, Rajputana ; 
135 miles south-west from Nasirabad, and seventy-eight miles south from 
Jodhpur. Lat. 25 10', long. 73 9'. 



ERN ETA , 265 

ERNAD. Taluk in Malabar district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 287,936. 

ERNAKOLAM (YEMACONLAM). Town in Cochin State, Madras ; 
on the backwater, two miles east of, and opposite to, Cochin. Lat. 9 58' 
55", long. 76 19' 21". Pop. (1871), 14,038. 

ERNIAL. Town (in district of the same name) in Travancore State, 
Madras. Lat. 8 12' 12", long. 77 21' 31". Pop. (1871), 4878. 

ERODE. Town on the Kaveri (in taluk of same name) in Coimbatore 
district, Madras. Lat. 11 20' 29", long. 77 46' 3". Pop. (1881), 9864. 
Near the town is a bridge 1536 feet in length over the Kaveri. 

ERRIODE. Town in Madura district, Madras ; 230 miles south-west 
of Madras. Lat. 10 37', long. 78 8'. 

ERROAD. See ERODE. 

ERRTJCKPUR. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal; 196 miles south- 
west of Calcutta. Lat. 20 40', long. 86 11'. 

ERTJNDOLE. See ERANDOL. 

ERUV ADI. Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Pop. (1881), 5171. 

ESSATJ KAYLE. See IS!KHEL. 

ESITN. See ISAN. 

ESWUNTGARH. Town in Ratnagiri district, Bombay; 164 miles 
south-east of Bombay. Lat. 16 39', long. 73 25'. 

ETA. Tillage in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; on the route from the 
town of Bikaner to Jaisalmir, and fifty-five miles north-east of the latter. 
27 10', long. 71 42'. 

ETAH. District in Agra division, N.W.P. ; between lat. 27 19' 42" 
28 1' 39", long. 78 27' 26" 79 19' 23". Area, 1739 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 756,523. Bounded on the north by the Ganges, on the 
west by Agra and Aligarh district, on the south by Mainpuri district, 
and on the east by Farrukhabad. The chief towns areEtah and Kasganj. 
The chief river is the Kali Nadi, a tributary of the Ganges. There 
are several first-class roads in the district. 

ETAH. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name), Etah district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 27 33' 50", long. 78 42' 25". Pop. (1881), 8054. Area 
of tahsil, 491 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 226,892. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
66,031. 

ETAH SAKIT. Pargana in Etah district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
116,609. 

ETAIYAPITRAM. Town in Tinnevelli district, Madras. Pop. (1881), 
5167. 

ETATJLL Village in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Bareilly to Lucknow, fifty miles south-east of the former, 100 
north-west of the latter. Lat. 28 2', long. 80 12'. 

ETATJNDA. Town in Nepal State ; twenty-four miles south-west 
from Khatmandu, and fifty-four miles north-east from Bettia. Lat. 27 
26, long. 85 3'. 

ETATJRA. Thana in Jalaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 10,113. 

ETAWAH. District in Agra division, N.W.P. ; between lat. 26 21' 
8" 27 0' 25", and long. 78 47' 20" 79 47' 20". Area, 1694 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 722,371. Bounded on the north by Mainpuri and Farrukh- 
abad districts, on the west by the Jumna river and Agra district, the 
Chambal Kuari Nadi, and Gwalior State, on the south by the Jumna, 
and on the east by Cawnpore district. The chief town is Etawah. 



266 ETA FAI 

The chief rivers are the Jumna and the Sengar. The district, which 
is traversed by the East Indian Railway, is administered by a Collector 
and Staff. 

ETA W AH. Capital town and municipality (in tahsil of same name), 
in Etawah district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 45' 31", long. 79 3' 18". Pop. 
(1881), 34,721. There is a station on the East Indian Railway near the 
town. Area of tahsil, 425 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 193,211. Also thana- 
Pop. (1881), 65,852. 

ETAWAH. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces ; on the route 
from Sagar to Jaipur, forty miles north-west of the former. Lat. 24 10', 
long. 78 19'. 

ETCHAK. See ICHAK. 

ETIA THOK. Thana in Gonda district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 79,150. 

ETIMADPUR (ATAMADPIIR). Town in Agra district, N.W.P. ; 
on the route from Etawah to Muttra, and thirty-nine miles south-east of 
the latter. Lat. 27 14', long. 78 16'. 

EVEREST. Mountain in Nepal State; the highest peak of the 
Himalayas and the loftiest in the world, being 29,000 feet above level 
of sea ; named after Sir G. Everest, formerly Survey or- General of India. 
Lat. 27 59' 12", long. 86 58' 6". 

EYTIIH (ETA). See ETAH. 



FADHLI. Chief near Aden, having a salute of 9 guns. 

FAGTJ. See PniGu. 

FAIZABAD. Division of Oudh ; containing Faizabad, Gonda, and 
Bahraich districts. Between lat. 26 9' 28 24' and long. 81 5' 83 9'. 
Area, 7311 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3,230,393. It is bounded on the 
north by the Nepal tarai ; on the east by Gorakhpur ; on the south by 
Azamgarh and Sultanpur ; and on the west by Bara Banki, Sitapur, and 
Kheri. The administration is in the hands of the Lieut.-Governor of the 
North-Western Provinces. 

FAIZABAD. District in Faizabad division, Oudh. Between lat. 
26 9' 26 50' and long. 81 43' 83 9'. Area, 1689 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 1,081,419. The Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway traverses this 
district. There are also good roads. The principal river is the Gogra ; 
the chief towns are Faizabad, Tanda and Jalalpur. The administration 
is conducted by a Commissioner, Deputy-Commissioner, Judge, and 11 
Magistrates. 

FAIZABAD. Tahsil in Faizabad district, Oudh. Between lat. 26 
32' 30" 26 50' and long. 81 51' 82 31' 15". Bounded on the north 
by Begamganj tahsil of Gonda ; on the east by Basti district in the 
N.W.P. ; on the south by Bikapur tahsil; and on the west by Ram 
Sanehi tahsil of Bara Banki. Area, 342 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 290,942. 

FAIZABAD. Capital of Faizabad district, Oudh; on the left bank of 
the river Gogra, seventy-eight miles east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 46' 
45", long. 82 11' 40". Pop. (1881), 43,297; or, including the canton- 
ment, 55,570. There is a station on the Oudh and Rohilkhand railway. 



t 

: 



FAI FAR 267 

FAIZABAD. Town (in pargana of same name) in Saharanpur district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 30 19', long. 77 38'. Pop. of pargana (1881), 48,623. 

FAIZPITR. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay ; seventy -two miles 
north-east of Dhulia. Lat. 21 11', long. 75 56'. Pop. (1881), 
9640. 

FAIZPTIR BADARIA. Pargana in Etah district, 1ST.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 17,634. 

FAKHRPTTR. Town (in pargana of same name), in Bahraieh district, 
Oudk. Lat. 27 25' 55", long. 81 31' 41". Pop. (1869), 2140. Area 
of pargana, 383 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 151,737. Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 51,701. 

FAKIRGANJ. Village in Dinajpur district, Bengal. 

FAKIRHAT. Village in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. 
Lat. 22 23' 30", long. 89 7' 15". 

FALSE ISLAND. Island off the coast of Kyouk-hpyu district, 
British Burma ; situate between the island of Cheduba and the mainland. 
Lat. 18 39', long. 94. 

FALSE POINT. Headland in Cuttack district, Bengal ; with harbour 
and lighthouse ; on the north of the Mahanadi estuary. Lat. 20 20' 
10", long. 86 46' 25". 

FALTA. Village on the Hugli, in Twenty-four Parganas district, 
Bengal. Lat. 22 18', long. 88 10'. 

FARADNAGAR. Town in Noakhali district, Bengal. Lat. 22 57', 
long. 91 30' 15". 

FARAH. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Agra district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 27 19', long. 77 49'. Area of tahsil, 202 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 
100,498. 

FARAH. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; five miles 
from the right bank of the Parvati river, and 113 miles south-west from 
Agra. Lat. 25 57', long. 76 59 / . 

FARAH. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 3642. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 30,779. 

FARIDA. Town in Bulandshahr district, N/W.P. ; on the right 
bank of the Ganges, sixty miles east of Delhi. Lat. 28 33', long. 
78 17'. 

FARIDABAD. Town and municipality in Delhi district, Punjab ; 
sixteen miles south of Delhi. Lat. 28 25', long. 77 21' 45". POD. 
(1881), 7427. 

FARIDGANJ. Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Patehpur; and thirty-nine miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 25 41', long. 81 25'. 

FARIDKOT. State in Punjab; between lat. 30 13' 30" 30 50', 
and long. 74 31' 75 5'. The area of the State is 600 sq. miles; its 
pop. 68,000. The chief town is Faridkot (lat. 30 40', long. 74 59'). 
Pop. (1881), 6593. Area of the State, 612 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
97,034. The Chief, who is entitled to a salute of 11 guns, maintains a 
force of 200 cavalry, 600 infantry, and 3 field guns. 

; FARIDKOT. Town in the Sirsa district, Punjab; 116 miles south- 
vest of Patiala. Lat. 30 1', long. 74 47'. 
FARIDPTJR. Town in Moradabad district, K.W.P. ; four miles 
iouth-west of Moradabad. Lat. 28 47', long. 78 49'. 



268 FAR PAT 

FARIDPUR District in Dacca division, Bengal ; between lat. 22 
47' 53" 28 54' 55", and long. 89 21' 50" 90 16'. Area, 2267 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 1,631,734. Bounded on the north and east by the 
main stream of the Ganges ; on the west by Chandna, Barasia, and Madhu- 
mati rivers ; and on the south by the Kumar and many swamps. The 
chief town is Faridpur. The chief rivers are the Ganges or Padma, and 
the Madhumati, connected by the Arial Khan. The Eastern Bengal 
Railway traverses the district, and there are three important lines of 
road. 

FARIDPUR. Subdivision in Faridpur district, Bengal ; between lat. 
22 52' 30" 23 38', and long. 89 34' 90 14'. Area, 860 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 620,545. Also thana. Area, 174 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
91,551. 

FARIDPUR. Capital of Faridpur district, Bengal ; situated on the 
west bank of the river Mara Padma. Lat. 23 36' 25", long. 89 53' 
11". Pop. (1881), 10,263. An annual agricultural exhibition is held 
here every January, and there is also a large religious gathering. 

FARIDPUR. Village (in tahsil of same name) in Bareilly district, 
K".W.P. Lat. 28 12' 17", long. 79 4' 45". Pop. (1881), 5881. Area 
of tahsil, 249 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 116,141. 'Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 58,039. 

FARRUKHABAD. District of Agra division, N.W.P. ; between lat. 
26 46' 31" 27 42' 51", and long. 79 9' 59" 80 3' 59". Area, 
1718 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 907,608. Bounded on the north by 
Budaun and Shahjahanpur districts, on the east by Hardoi district, on 
the south by Cawnpore and Etawah districts, and on the west by Main- 
puri and Etah districts. The chief towns are Fatehgarh and Farrukhabad. 
The chief rivers are the Ganges, the Eamganga, and the Kali Nadi. The 
Grand Trunk Road passes through the district, which is administered by 
a Collector-Magistrate, and the usual staff. 

FARRUKHABAD. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) 
m Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 23' 55", long. 79 36' 50". 
Pop. (1881), 62,437. Pop. of tahsil (1881), 255,127. Also pargana. 
Pop. (1881), 89,946. 

FAJIRUKHABAD. Town in Maldah district, Bengal; sixteen miles 
south-west of Maldah. Lat. 24 49', long. 88 4'. 

FARRUKHNAGAR. Town in Meerut district, jST.W.P. ; on the 
route from Delhi to the town of Meerut, and fourteen miles north-east of 
the former. It is situate on the right bank of the Hindun. Lat. 28 
44', long. 77 26'. Pop. (1881), 1033. 

FARRUKHNAGAR. Town and municipality in Gurgaon district, 
Punjab. Lat. 28 25', long. 76 51' 30". Pop. (1881), 8738. 

FATEH ALL Town in Jhang district, Punjab ; situated on the left 
bank of the Chenab river, seventy-two miles west of the town of Lahore. 
Lat. 31 44', long. 72 57'. 

FATEH PAN JAL. Mountains upwards of 1200 feet high in Kashmir 
State, Punjab; bounding the Kashmir valley on the south. Lat. 33 
34', long. 74 40'. 

FATEHABAD. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Hissar district, Punjab. Lat. 29 31' long. 75 30'. Pop. (1881), 7992. 
Area of tahsil, 773 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 93,358. 



FAT 269 

FATEHABAD. Town on the Jumna (in tahsfl of same name) in Agra 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 27 2', long. 78 22'. Pop. (1881), 4441. Area 
of tahsil, 204 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 104,762. Also pargana. Pop. 
(1881), 30,845. 

FATEHABAD. Town in Ulwar State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Delhi to the town of Ulwar, and thirty-one miles north of the latter. 
Lat. 27 55', long. 76 45'. 

FATEHABAD. Town in Gwalior State, twelve miles south-west 
from Ujjain. Lat. 23, long. 75 40'. 

FATEHGAD. Tillage in Peshawar district, Punjab ; situated at the 
entrance of the Khaibar Pass, ten miles west of the town of Peshawar. 
Lat. 34, long. 71 30'. 

FATEHGANJ. Tillage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Bareilly to Shahjahanpur, twenty-three miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 28 4', long. 79 42'. 

FATEHGANJ. Tillage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Bareilly to Moradabad, and twelve miles north-west of the former ; 
famous as the scene of a British victory over the Rohillas in 1796. Lat. 
28 28', long. 79 24'. 

FATEHGANJ. Town in Oudh, on the road from Etawah to Lucknow, 
eight miles west of the latter. Lat. 26 48', long. 80 49'. 

FATEHGANJ, EAST. Thana in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 17,274. 

FATEHGANJ, WEST. Thana in Bareilly district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 41,178. 

FATEHGARH. Town in Kishangarh State, Rajputana ; thirty-five 
miles south-east from Ajmere. Lat. 26 10', long. 75 10'. 

FATEHGARH. Town in Gurdaspur district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 
4078. 

FATEHGARH. Capital of Farrukhabad district, KW.P.; three miles 
from the city of Farrtikhabad. Lat. 27 22' 55", long. 79 40' 20". Pop. 
(1881), 12,435, exclusive of the cantonment, which contains 4889 
persons. 

FATEHGARH. Town in Sirsa district, Punjab; fifty-one miles 
south-west from Firozpur. Lat. 30 27', long. 73 59'. 

FATEHGARH CAMP. Thana in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 26,766. 

FATEH JANG. Town on the left bank of the Indus (in tahsil of same 
name) in Rawal Pindi district, Punjab. Lat. 33 35', long. 72 39'. 
Pop. (1881), 4875. Area of tahsil, 798 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 107,100. 

FATEHKHE AID. Town in Buldana district, Berar; on a tributary 
of the Penganga. Lat. 20 11' 30", long. 76 27'. Pop. (1867), 3108. 

FATEHPUR. District of the Allahabad division, K.W.P. ; between 
lat. 25 26' 17" 26 12' 50", and long. 80 16' 39" 81 23'. Area, 
1639 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 683,745. Bounded on the north by the 
Ganges, on the west by Cawnpore district, on the south by the Jumna, 
and on the east by Allahabad. The rivers are the Ganges (with a tribu- 
tary, the Pandu Kadi) and the Jumna. The chief town and capital is 
Fatehpur. The East Indian Railway traverses the district, which is 
intersected with several good roads. The administration is conducted by 
a Collector- Magistrate, and Joint Magistrate, and the usual staff. 



270 FAT 

FATEHPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsfl of same name) in 
Fatebpur district, N.W.P. ; capital of the district ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Cawnpore ; seventy miles north-west of the former, and 
fifty miles south-east of the latter. Station on the East Indian Railway. 
Lat. 25 55' 20", long. 80 53' 10". Pop. (1881), 21,328. Pop. of 
tahsfl (1881), 177,596. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 112,960. And 
thana. Pop. (1881), 72,978. 

FATEHPUR. Village in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces. 
Lat. 22 38', long. 78 34'. 

FATEHPUR. Town (in pargana and tahsfl of same name) in Bara 
Banki district, Oudh. Lat. 27 10' 15", long. 81 15' 5". Pop. (1881), 
7754. Pop. of tahsfl (1881), 289,643. Area of pargana, 154 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 92,969. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 122,643. 

FATEHPUR. Town in Etawah district, N.W.P. ; thirty-three miles 
south-east from Etawah. Lat. 26 30', long. 79 28'. 

FATEHPUR. Town in Farrukhabad district, KW.P.; twenty-five 
miles south-east of Fatehgarh. Lat. 27 5', long. 79 53'. 

FATEHPUR. Town on the Ghara, in Multan district, Punjab ; fifty 
miles south-east of Multan. Lat. 29 41', long. 72 10'. 

FATEHPUR. Thana in Saharanpur district, JS T .W.P. Pop. (1881), 
37,317. 

FATEHPUR. Town in Jaipur State, Eajputana. Pop. (1881), 
14,731. Lat. 27 58', long. 75 5'. 

FATEHPUR. Town in Damoh district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2,276. 

FATEHPUR. Town in Mairaansinh district, Bengal ; 212 miles 
south-east from Calcutta. Lat. 24 36', long. 90 58'. 

FATEHPUR. Town in Karauli State, Eajputana; eighty-four miles 
south-east from Jaipur and sixty-nine miles south-west from Agra. Lat.. 
26 37', long. 77 12'. 

FATEHPUR. Town on the Ttavi, in Multan district, Punjab ; ninety- 
two miles from Firozpur. Lat. 30 50', long. 73 5'. 

FATEHPUR CHAURASL Town (in pargana of same name) in 
Unao district, Oudh ; six miles west of Safipur, and twenty-five north-west 
of the headquarters town. Pop. (1869), 2803. Lat. 27 8', long. 81 18' 
Area of pargana, 90 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 33,087. 

FATEHPUR SIKRI. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same 
name) in Agra district, N.W.P. Noted for its ruins, which date from 
the time of Akbar, when it was the capital of the Mughal Empire. Lat. 
27 5' 35", long. 77 42' 18". Pop. (1881), 6243. Area of tahsfl, 167 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 114,678. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
34,911. 

FATEHULLAGANJ. Town in MurshidabM district, N.W.P. 

FATHANPUR Village in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Alfgarh to Fatehgarh, and twenty miles north-west of the 
latter. Lat. 27 26', long. 79 24'. 

FATICKCHARI. Town in Chittagong district, Bengal; twenty- 
three miles north of Chittagong. Lat. 22 40', long. 91 54'. Also thana. 
Area, 312 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 104,500. 

FATORP A. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 687. 



PAT FIR, 271 

FATTJHA. See FATWA. 

FATWA. Town and municipality in Patna district, Bengal ; at the 
confluence of the Punpun and the Ganges. Lat. 25 30' 25", long. 85 21'. 
Pop. (1881), 10,919. Being on the sacred river Ganges, this town is 
much venerated by the Hindus, who repair in large numbers to bathe in 
the stream, sometimes to the number of 12,000. Also thana. Area, 98 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 88,051. 

FAZILKA. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in Sirsa 
district, Punjab ; on the left bank of the Sutlej. Lat. 30 24" 57", long. 
74 4' 10". Pop. (1881), 6851. Area of tahsil, 1196 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 87,894. 

FAZILPUR. Village in Multan district, Punjab ; situate ninety-one 
miles south-west of Multan. Lat. 29 18', long. 70 25'. 

FENNY RIVER. See PHENI. 

FEN WICK BAZAR. Part of Calcutta. Area, 190 acres. Pop. 
(1881), 25,898. 

FEROKHI. Town in Malabar district, Madras; now deserted. 

FEROZABAD. See FIROZABAD. 

FEROZEPTIR. See FiRozruR. 

FEROZESHAH. See FIROZSHAH. 

FILKHANA. Thana in Cawnpore district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
20,616. 

FILNAGAR. Village in Shahjahanpur district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Bareilly to Fatehgarh, and twenty- eight miles south-east 
of the former. Lat. 28 1', long. 79 44'. 

FILOR (FALOUR). See PHILLAUR. 

FINGESWAR. See PHINGESWAR. 

FIRINGHI BAZAR. Village in Dacca district, Bengal; upon a 
branch of the Ichamati, formerly a place of considerable importance. 
Lat. 23 33', long. 90 33'. 

FIRINGIPET. See PORTO Novo. 

FIROZABAD. Town in Haidarabad State ; on the left bank of the 
Bhirna river, and 114 miles south-west from Haidarabad. Lat. 17 4' 
long. 76 50'. 

FIROZABAD. Town, municipality, and station on the East Indian 
Railway (in tahsil of same name) in Agra district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
16,023. Lat. 27 8' 34", long. 78 25' 56". Area of tahsil, 205 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 108,521. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 70,502. 

FIROZABAD. Pargana of Kheri district, Oudh. Area, 163 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 55,066. 

FIROZPUR (FIROZAPUR). Village in Farrukhabad district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Fatehgarh to Lucknow, and twenty-eight 
miles south-east of the former. Lat. 27 3', long. 79 58'. 

FIROZPUR. Village in Muzaffarnagar district, JOV.P. ; half a mile 
from the right bank of the Ganges. Elevation above the sea, 848 feet. 
Lat. 29 30', long. 78 2'. 

FIROZPUR. Town in Saharanpur district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Meerut to Saharanpur, forty-five miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 29 37', long. 77 31'. 

FIROZPUR. British district in Lahore division, Punjab. Between 
lat. 30 8' 31 11', and long. 74 3' 30" 75 27'. Area, 2752 sq. miles. 



272 FIR FRA 

Pop. (1881), 650,519. It is bounded on the north-east by the river 
Sutlej ; on the north-west by the united stream of the Sutlej and Beas ; 
on the east and south-east by Ludhiana district, and the Native States of 
Faridkot, Patiala, and Nabha ; and on the south-west by Sirsa district. 
The chief towns are Firozpur, Muktsar, Dharmkot, Zira, and Fatehgarh. 
The chief river is the Sutlej. There are several good lines of com- 
munication. 

FIROZPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name), in 
Firozpur district, Punjab. Lat. 30 56' 42", long. 74 38' 24". Pop. 
(1881), 39,570. Area of tahsil, 495 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 153,168. 

FIROZPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name), in 
Gurgaon district, Punjab. Lat. 27 46' 30", long. 76 59' 30". Pop. 
(1881), 6878. Area of tahsil, 317 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 114,340. 

FIROZPUR. Town in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; nineteen miles 
from Moradabad. Lat. 28 37', long. 78 40'. 

FIROZSHAH. Village in Firozpur district, Punjab. Lat. 30 
53', long. 74 49' 45". On 21st Dec. 1845, Sir Hugh Gough defeated 
the Sikhs at this spot. 

FIROZSHAH CANAL. Canal, runs from the river Jumna, at lat. 30 
20', long. 77 38'. One branch discharges itself in the desert, in lat. 29 
16', long. 75 16', and the other rejoins the parent stream at Delhi. 

FIVE SISTERS ISLANDS. Islands off the coast of Mergui district, 
British Burma; eighty-two miles south-west from the town of Tenasserim. 
Lat. 11 25', long. 98 9'. 

FLANDI. Tillage in Nagar Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 267. 

FLAT ISLAND. Island off the coast of Sandoway district, British 
Burma ; about five miles from the south-eastern shore of Cheduba island ; 
about four miles in length from north to south. Lat. 18 37', long. 
93 50'. 

FORT ABBAZAL Fort in Peshawar district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 
220. 

FORT HASTINGS. Fort in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Elevation 
above the sea, 6240 feet. Lat. 29 25', long. 80 5'. 

FORT MACKESON. Fort in Peshawar district, Punjab ; situated at 
the base of the Khattak Hills, near the entrance of the Khaibar, in lat. 
33 45' 45", long. 71 36' 15". Also cantonment. Pop. (1881), 
170. 

FORT MICHNI. Cantonment in Peshawar district, Punjab. Pop. 
(1881), 208. 

FORT ST. DAVID. Fort (now in ruins) in South Arcot district, 
Madras. Lat. 11 44' 20", long. 79 49' 30" ; 100 miles south of Madras, 
and 1 miles north of Cuddalore, of which it may be called a suburb. 
In the time of Clive (1756) a seat of government. 

FORT ST. GEORGE. See MADEAS. 

FORT WILLIAM. See CALCUTTA. 

FOUL ISLAND. Island off the coast of Sandoway district, British 
Burma. Lat. 18 3', long. 94 16'. 

FRASERPET (KUSHALNAGARA). Town in Coorg district, named 
after Colonel Fraser, a former Political Agent. Lat. 12 27' 30", long. 
76 0' 20". Pop. (1881), 1310. 



FEE FYZ 273 

FRENCH ROCKS. Cantonment in Mysore State; on a rocky hill, 
five miles north of the river Kaveri at Seringapatam, and 300 feet above 
it. Elevation above the sea, 2300 feet. Lat. 12 31', long. 76 45'. 

FRENCH SETTLEMENTS. The French possessions in India com- 
prise Pondicherri, Chandarnagar, Karikal, Mahe, and Yanaon or Yanan ; 
q.v. The total area is about 178 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 285,022. 

FRONTIER DISTRICT, SIND. See TIPPER SIND. 

FULAILI. A branch of the Indus, in Haidarabad district, Sind, 
Bombay. 

FULJAR TAL. Lake in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. ; the source 
of the river Gumti. Lat. 28 35', long. 80 10'. 

FTILTA. See FALTA. 

FURIDABAD. See FARI'DABAD. 

FURIDGANG. See FARIDGANJ. 

FURID KOT. See FARIDKOT. 

FURIDPTIR. See FARIDPUR. 

FURIDUH. See FARIDA. 

FURRA. See FARAH. 

FURRTJCKABAD. See FARRuzHiBii). 

FURRUCKNTJGGTIR. See FARRUKHNAGAR. 

FURUKNUGrUR. See FARRUKHNAGAR. 

FUTEHGUNG (EASTERN AND WESTERN). See FATEHGANJ. 

FUTEHPUR. See FATEHPUR. 

FTJTHABAD. See FATEH!BID. 

FUTHEPUR SIKRI. See FATEHPUR SIKRI. 

FUTI PANJAL. See FATEH PANJAL. 

FTJTTEABAD. See FATEHABAD. 

FIITTEGHUR. See FATEHGARH. 

FUTTEHABAD. See FATEH!BAD. 

FUTTEH ALLY. See FATEH ALI. 

FUTTEHGURH. See FATEHGARH. 

FUTTEHJUNG. See FATEHJANG. 

FTJTTEHPUR. See FATEHPTJR. 

FTITTIHPUR. See FATEHPUR. 

FUTTUHA (FUTWA). See FATWA. 

FTJTTUNPUR. See FATHANPUR. 

FUTTYGUNG. See FATEHGANJ. 

FUTTYGURH. See FATEHGARH. 

FUTTYPUR. See FATEHPUR. 

FUTWA. See FATWA. 

FYZABAD. See FAIZIBID. 

FYZEPUR. See FAIZPUR. 






18 



274 GAB GAF 



G 

GABAT. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 1430. The 
Chief pays a yearly tribute of 2 10s. to the Maharaja of Edar. 

GAD. State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute of 
50 to the Raja of Chota Udaipur. Area, 134 sq. miles. 

GADADHAR. River of Bhutan State, and Jalpaiguri district, Bengal, 
and Goalpara district, Assam ; falls into the Brahmaputra in lat. 27 3', 
long. 89 57'. 

GAD AG.- See GAHAG. 

GADAK (GTJDTJK). Town in Dharwar district, Bombay ; forty-three 
miles east of Dharwar. Lat. 15 26', long. 75 43'. 

GADARPTJR. Pargana in Tarai, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 14,842. Also 
thana. Pop. (1881), 18,982. 

GADARPUR (GTIDURPUR). Town in Bareilly district, HVW.P. 
Lat. 29 2', long. 79 17'. 

GADAWARA. Town (in tahsil of same name), in Narsinhpur district, 
Central Provinces; on the river Shakar. Lat. 22 55' 30", long. 78 50'. 
Pop. (1881), 8100. Area of tahsil, 874 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 189,837. 

GADDEHOSALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 424. 

GADDILAM. See GARUDANADI. 

GADHAIRL Village in Mainpuri district, W.W.P. : on the route 
from Aligarh to Mainpuri, and six miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 
27 15', long. 79 2'. 

GADHALI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute of 
169 to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and 30 to Junagarh. 

GADH HINGLAJ. Town in Kolhapur State, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 
5002. 

GADHIA. State in Kathiawar, Baroda; paying a yearly tribute 
of 27 to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and 2 to Junagarh. Area, 23 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 2252. 

GADHI DTTBHAR. Village in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1872), 2417. 

GADHITLA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay; paying an annual tribute 
of 16 to the Gaekwar of Baroda and 2 to Junagarh. 

GADHWALA. Village in Bikaner State, Rajputana; on the route 
from Ratangarh to the town of Bikaner, and nine miles east of the latter. 
Lat. 27 57', long. 73 30'. 

GADKA (GUDKA). Town in Baroda State ; eleven miles south from 
the Gulf of Cutch, and eighty-four miles west bv south from Rajkot. 
Lat. 22 9', long. 69 33'. 

GADKHALI. Town in Jessor district, Bengal; on the Kabadak, in 
lat. 23 5' 30", long. 89 6'. Also thana. Area 93 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 67,420. 

GADRA. Town and municipality in Thar and Parkar district, Sind, 
Bombay. Pop. (1872), 1126. 

GADRA. Town in Gohelwad division, Kathiawar, Bombay. Pop. 
(1881), 5822. 

GAFFARGAON. Thana in Maimansinh district, Bengal. Area, 443 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 117,759. 



GAG GAJ 275 

GAG AH Mountains in Hum aim district, N.TV.P. Between lat. 29 
14' 29 30', and long. 79 9' 79 39'. The Mini Tal station is situated 
in this range. 

GAGLA. Village in Kangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 59', long. 
89 40' 30". 

GAHIJA. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 
1123. 

GAHMAR. Town and station on the East Indian Railway, in Ghazipur 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 29' 40", long. 83 50' 55". Pop. (1881), 
10,443. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 87,406. 

GAIBANDHA. Subdivision in Rangpur district, Bengal. Area, 760 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 450,862. 

GAICHAN. Village in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; situate at the con- 
fluence of the Rupin and Supin, the united stream of which from this 
point bears the name of Tons. It is elevated 456 feet above the bed of the 
Tons, and 5756 feet above the level of the sea. Lat. 31 4', long. 78 10'. 

GAIDER KHAIL (GAIDAR KHEL). Town in Kohat district, 
Punjab ; situated thirty-two miles from the right bank of the Indus, 
twenty-four miles south- south- west of the town of Peshawar. Lat. 33 
40', long. 71 32'. 

GAIGHAT. Thana in Basti district, jST^V.P. Pop. (1881), 87,686. 

GAIGHAT. Village in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Gorakhpur to Sultanpur, forty-nine miles south-west of the former, 
sixty-one north-east of the latter. Lat. 26 35', long. 82 47'. 

GAIGHATTA. Thana in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 94 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 50,223. 

GAIGLAH (GIGELLA). Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Agra to Ah'garh, and seventeen miles north of the former. 
Lat. 27 22', long. 78 6'. 

GAILA. River of Kathiawar, Bombay ; rising in lat. 22, long. 71 
20', and, flowing in an easterly direction, falls into the Gulf of Cambay, 
in lat. 21 47', long. 72 13'. 

GAINDAJTJR. Village in Bijnaur district, KW.P.; on the route 
from Moradabad to Hardwar, and twenty-five miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 29 10', long. 78 40'. 

GAIN!. Thana in Bareilly district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 34,646. 

GAIRAH (GIRA). Village in Garhwal State, IS T .W.P. ; in the valley 
watered by the Bunal, and about five miles above its confluence with the 
Jumna. Lat. 30 52', long. 78 15'. 

GA JAP ATINAGAR. Town (in taluk of same name) in Vizagapatam 
district, Madras. Lat. 18 16', long. 83 25'. Pop. (1871), 2272. 
Pop. of taluk (1871), 108,351. 

GAJATJLI (GUJAULI). Village in Agra district, KW.P. ; on the 
left bank of the Jumna, seven miles north of the city of Agra. Lat. 
27 15', long. 78 3'. 

GAJENDRAGAD Town in Kaladgi district, Bombay. Lat. 15 44' 
30", long. 76 0' 45". Pop. (1881), 5458. 

GAJGHANTA. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. Lat. 25 49' 
45", long. 89 10'. 

GAJNER. Town in Cawnpore district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 3164. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 47,428. 



276 GAJ GAM 

GAJNER (GUJNAIR). Town in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the 

route from Hamirpur to Rasulabad, and twenty-five miles north of the 
former. Lat. 26 17', long. 80 7'. 

GAJNER (GUJNER). Village in Bikaner State, Rajputana; on the 
route from the town of Bikaner to that of Jaisalmir, and nineteen miles 
S.W. of the former. Lat. 27 57', long. 73 10'. 

GAJNERA (GTJJNERA). Village in Bareilly district, K W.P. ; on 
the route from the town of Bareilly to Sitapur, and fourteen miles south- 
east of the former. Lat. 28 20', long. 79 41'. 

GAJOL. Thana in Maldah district, Bengal. Area, 272 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 54,317. 

GAJPTJR (GTJJPUR). Village in Gorakhpur district, EYW.P. ; on 
the right bank of the river Rapti, distant from Gorakhpur cantonment, 
south-east, eighteen miles. Lat. 26 30', long. 83 28'. 

GAJRAUIA (GUJRATJLA). Village inMoradabad district, N.W.P.; 
on the route from the town of Meerut to Moradabad, and forty miles 
south-east of the former place. Distant north-west from Calcutta 923 
miles. Lat. 28 51', long. 78 19'. 

GALAOTHL Town in Bulandshahr district, NYW.P. ; twelve miles 
north of Bulandshahr town. Lat. 28 36', long. 77 51'. Pop. (1881), 
5404. 

GALGHASIA. River in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; falls 
into the Kholpetua. 

GALI-BASHAHR (GTILI BITS STIR) .Village in Kumaun district, 
NVWJP. ; on the route from Almora to Srmagar, and twelve miles north- 
west of the former. Lat. 29 42', long. 79 36'. 

GALIBIDU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 654. 

GALIKONDA. Hills in Vizagapatam district, Madras. Lat. 18 30', 
long. 18 50'. Highest peak, 5345 feet. 

GALKOT. Town in Nepal State ; on the left bank of a branch of the 
Gandak river, and 142 miles north-west from Khatmandu. Lat. 28 18', 
long. 83 7'. 

GALLTJ. Offshoot, diverging in lat. 24 28', long. 67 54', from the 
Indus river, Karachi district, ISind, Bombay. 

GALNA. See JAUTA. 

GAMANPURA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 
598. The Chief pays a yearly tribute of 13 18s. to the Gaekwar of 
Baroda. 

GAME AT. Town in Khairpur State, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 
4537. 

GAMBHAR. River of Simla district, Punjab ; rising in lat. 30 52', 
long. 77 8', flowing by Subathu, and falling into the Sutlej in lat. 31 
17', long. 76 47'. 

GAMBILA (JOCHI). River of Bannu district, Punjab. It falls into 
the Kuram river in lat. 32 37' 30", long. 71 6' 15". 

GAMBIRPUR. Thana in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
70,504. 

GAMIRPTJR. Village in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Azamgarh to Jaunpur, and sixteen miles south-west of the former, 
twenty-six north-east of the latter. Distant north from Benares, fort) - 
five miles. Lat. 25 54', long. 83 3'. 



GAM GAN 277 

GAMSALI. Village in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Joshimath to the Mti Pass, and fifteen miles south of the latter. It is 
situate on the right bank of the Dhauli. Elevation above the sea, 10,317 
feet. Lat. 30 45', long. 79 52'. 

GAMTJN-AING. Eevenue circle in Shwe-gyeng district, British 
Burma. Area, 120 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 6538. 

GANAGUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 227. 

GANAPOTA. Thana in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 111 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 61,052. 

GANAPUR. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh; two miles from the 
right bank of the river Gogra, and seventy-one miles north by east from 
Lucknow. Lat. 27 50', long. 81 20'. 

GANAUR. Village in Karnal district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Delhi to Karnal, and thirty- six miles north of the former. Lat. 29 7', 
long. 77 3'. 

GANDAI. State in Eaipur district, Central Provinces ; its chief place, 
Gandai, is in lat. 21 40' 30", long. 81 9'. Area, 203 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 20,872. 

GANDAK, GREAT. Eiver of Nepal State, and Gorakhpur district, 
N.W.P., Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Saran, and Patna districts, Bengal; 
falls into the Ganges at Patna, in lat. 25 49' 53", long. 85 13' 45". 

GANDAK, LESSER. Eiver of Nepal State, and Gorahkpur district, 
N.W.P., and Saran district, Bengal; falls into the Gogra in lat. 25 41', 
long. 85 14' 30". 

GANDAK (THE LITTLE). A river rising on the northern boundary 
of the British district of Saran, presidency of Bengal, in lat. 27 22', 
long. 84 22'. Flowing in a south-easterly direction for about 120 miles, 
it, in lat. 26 16', long. 85 18', leaves the district of Saran and 
enters that of Tirhut, which it traverses in the same direction for about 
seventy miles, to its junction with the Baghmati, in lat. 25 45', long. 
86 2'. 

GANDARAKOTTAH. Town in Tanjore district, Madras; 195 miles 
south-west of Madras. Lat. 10 36', long. 79 5'. 

GANDARI. Town in Haidarabad State ; seventy-eight miles north- 
west from Haidarabad, and 180 miles south-east from Jalna. Lat. 18 
24', long. 78 10'. 

GANDAVA. Town in Baluchistan State. Lat. 28 32'. long. 67 32'. 
The winter residence of the Khan of Khelat. 

GANDEVI. Town (in district of same name) in Nausarf division, 
Baroda State ; twenty-eight miles south-east of Surat. Lat. 20 47' 30", 
long. 73 3'. Pop. (1881), 7035. Area of district, 45 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 29,683. 

GANDGARH. Hills in Eawal Pindi and Hazara districts, Punjab. 
Lat. 33 57', long. 72 46'. 

GANDHA MADAN. Hill in Keunjhar State, Orissa, Bengal ; 
3479 feet high. Lat. 21 38' 12", long. 85 32' 56". 

GANDHOL. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute of 
10 to the Guekwar of Baroda and 16s. to Junagarh. 

GANDIKOT. Fort in Cuddapah district, Madras. Lat. 14 48', lonjr. 
78 20'. Formerly a stronghold of great importance. The population of 
Gandikottown (1871) was 1175. 



278 GAN 

GANDLAMATI. ParganainSitapur district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 21, 710. 

GANDWA. Pargana in Hardoi district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 58,674. 

GANERL Town in Haidarabad State; on the left bank of the 
Penganga river, and 177 miles north from Haidarabad. Lat. 19 54', 
long. 78 33'. 

GANES BAL. Hindu shrine in Kashmir State, Punjab. Here, the 
pilgrims proceeding to Amarnath make their preparatory ablutions and 
prostrations. Ganes Bal is in lat. 33 58', long. 75 31'. 

GANESGARH. Town in Bikaner State, Rajputana; 119 miles north 
by east from Bikaner, and 124 miles east by north from Bahawalpur. 
Lat. 29 40', long. 73 48'. 

GANESHGANJ. Thana in Lucknow district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
51,950. 

GANESPTJR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P.; distant west 
from Gorakhpur cantonment, thirty-eight miles. Lat. 26 48', long. 82 48'. 

GANESWARL River in the Garo Hills district, Assam, rising in lat. 
25 18', long. 90 49'. 

GANGA (GUNGA). A common name for a river in India. The 
Ganges. Also, a considerable watercourse of the Ganges, leaving that river 
in lat. 28 6', long. 78 34', and flowing in a south-easterly course for fifty 
miles, during which it divides the Budaun collectorate from those of 
Alfgarh and Mainpuri, enters the district of Farrukhabad, which it 
traverses for forty-five miles, and then rejoins the parent stream, in lat. 
27 26', long. 79 39'. 

GANGA BAL. Lake in Kashmir State, Punjab. Lat. 34 27', long. 
74 58'. Its waters are held by the Hindus to be sacred. 

GANGAIKANDAPUR. Town in Trichinopoli district, Madras. Lat. 
11 12' 30", long. 79 30'. Pop. (1871), 1014. Near this village is a 
temple of remarkable beauty. 

GANGAJALGHATI. Thaua in Bankura district, Bengal. Area, 465 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 172,607. 

GANGAMAIK Village in Akyab district, British Burma. Lat. 20 
21', long. 93 5'. 

GANGAN. River of Bijnaur district, N.W.P. ; falls into the Uril 
on the left side, in lat. 28 25', long. 79 1'. 

GANGAOTI (GTJNGAWTJTTI). Town in Haidarabad State ; situate 
on the left bank of the Tungabhadra river, and thirty miles north-west 
from Bellary. Lat. 15 26', long. 76 38'. 

GANGA PARSHAD (GTINGAPERSAD). Town in Purniah district, 
Bengal; forty-three miles south of Purniah. Lat. 25 10', long. 87 38'. 

GANGAPUR. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 5880. 

GANGAPURA (GUNGAPURA). Town in Udaipur State, Rajpu- 
tana; ninety-two miles south-south-west from Ajmere, and 106 miles 
south-east from Jodhpur. Lat. 25 13', long. 74 21'. 

GANGAPUR MUHAMMADPUR. Town inMainpuri district, N.W.P. 

GANGARAUL. Town in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; twenty miles 
south-east of Aligarh. Lat. 27 41', long. 78 18'. 

GANGARTI. Town in Muzaffarnagar district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
5275. 

GANGA SALAN. Pargana in Garhwal district, K.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
44,632. 



GAN 279 

GANGAVARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 117. 

GANGAWALI. Town and port in North Kanara district, Bombay. 
Lat. 14 36', long. 74 21'. 

GANGAWALLL River of Bombay, rising in lat. 15 15', long. 75 
10', and falling into the Indian Ocean in lat. 14 36', long. 74 23'. 

Or AN GEM. Tillage in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 321. 

GANGES. A celebrated river of India. In its upper course it is 
called the Bhagirathi, which first comes to light near Gangotri, in 
Garhwal State, in lat. 30 56' 4", long. 79 6' 40", issuing from under a 
very low arch, at the base of a great snow-bed, estimated to be 300 feet 
thick, which lies between the lofty mountains termed St. Patrick, St. 
George, and the Pyramid, the two higher having elevations above the 
sea, respectively, of 22,798 and 22,654 feet, and the other, on the oppo- 
site side, having an elevation of 21,379. From this spot, which has an 
elevation of 13,800 feet, the stream holds a direction north-west for ten 
miles to Gangotri; the elevation of the latter is 10,300 feet, and the 
average descent of the river thereto, from the place where it emerges 
from the snow-bed, is 350 feet per mile. From Gangotri the Bhagirathi 
holds a course nearly north-west to Bhairogati, in lat. 31 2', long. 78 
54', the point of confluence with the Jahnavi, holding its steep and 
foaming course from the north-east. The latter is considerably the 
larger river. The distance is seven miles from Gangotri to Bhairogati ; 
and as this latter place has an elevation of 8511 feet, the average descent 
of the river in this part of its course is 255 per mile. The united stream 
holds a course first westerly, and then south-westerly, for thirteen miles, 
as far as Sukhi, in lat. 30 59', long. 78 45', where it may be said to 
"break through the Himalaya Proper." At Deo Prayag, in lat. 30 8', 
long. 78 39', it is joined on the left side by the Alaknanda, a large 
stream formed by the union of the Vishnu and the Dhauli. From Deo 
Prayag, the united stream, now called the Ganges, flows south-west to 
Hardwar, in lat. 29 57', long. 78 14'. From Hardwar the general 
course of the Ganges is nearly south for about 130 miles, as far as Anup- 
shahr, in the British district of Bulandshahr, in lat. 28 31', long. 78 20', 
where it turns to the south-east, and 160 miles lower down, in lat. 27 7', 
long. 80 3', receives on the left side the Eamganga, a considerable river 
flowing from the north-west. Eight miles lower down, it on the right 
side receives the Kali Nadi, flowing likewise from the north-west ; and 
twenty miles beyond, the Isan Nadi. One hundred and seventy miles 
lower down, at Allahabad, in lat. 25 26', long. 81 45', it is joined, also 
on the right side, by the Jumna, from the north-west. From Hardwar 
to Cawnpore, the distance is about 348 miks. From Allahabad the 
stream meanders in a direction generally easterly for 270 miles, to Manjhi, 
near which, in lat. 25 46', long. 84 40', it is joined on the left side by 
the Gogra. Between Allahabad and Manjhi, it on the left side receives 
the Gumti, and on the right, the Tons and Karamnasa; besides many 
smaller streams right and left. In the dry season, near Kachwa, thirty- 
five miles above Benares, a shoal extends completely across the river, 
having only two feet six inches of water on its lowest part. Eighteen 
miles below the junction of the Gogra, opposite to the town of Cherand, 
in lat. 25 39', long. 84 53', it on the right side receives the Son, a largo 



280 GAN 

river flowing from the south-west. At Hajipur, on the left side, twenty 
miles below the confluence of the Son, the Ganges receives the Gandak, a 
large river from the north-west, and continues to flow eastward for 160 
miles, to Katri, in lat. 25 20', long. 87 17', where, on the left side, it 
receives the Kusi, also a large river flowing from the north, having in its 
course between the junctions of these two great rivers received right and 
left several streams of less importance. In lat. 24 44', long. 87 59', the 
Bhagirathi, a great watercourse, parts on the right side from the main 
stream ; and seventy miles lower down, the Jalangi, another watercourse, 
also of considerable dimensions, diverges on the same side, in. lat. 24 9', 
long. 88 40'. The Bhagirathi proceeding southward for 120 miles, 
is then rejoined by the Jalangi, after a course of about the like distance, 
and the united stream, called the Hugli, continuing to hold the same 
direction for forty-eight miles, becomes navigable for vessels of con- 
siderable burthen at Chandanagar, in lat. 22 50', long. 88 24', at the 
distance of 115 miles from the sea, into which it falls about lat. 21 40', 
long. 88 ; its estuary being considered the termination of the sacred 
stream. Below the divergence of the Bhagirathi and the Jalangi, the 
main stream is called the Padma (Padda) or Ganges ; and from that point 
the joint delta of the Ganges and Brahmaputra may be considered to 
commence. The Ganges, flowing south-east, receives some considerable 
streams on the left side ; and on the right, besides the Jalangi, it throws 
off, five miles lower down, the Matabhanga ; forty miles below this latter 
divergence, the Gorai; and forty miles still further, the Chandni. At 
Goalanda it is joined by the Jamuna, the main stream of the Brahma- 
putra ; and enters the sea by a great estuary called the Meghna. Total 
course of main river to mouth of Hugli, 1509 miles; to mouth of 
Meghna, 1557 miles. 

GANGES CANAL. Canal-system between Hardwar and Cawnpore, 
~N".W.P. ; traversing, with its branches, the districts of Saharanpur, 
Muzaffarnagar, Fatehgarh, Meerut, Bulandshahr, Aligarh, Muttra, 
Etawah, Etah, Mainpuri, Farrukhabad, and Cawnpore. Lat. 26 30' 30" 
29 57', and long. 78 13' 80 21' 15". 

GANGES CANAL, LOWER. Canal-system (an extension of the 
Ganges Canal) in Cawnpore, Etawah, Farrukhabad, Fatehpur, and Main- 
puri districts, N.W.P. 

GANGIRI ( GUN GIRI). Village (in pargana of same name) in 
Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route, by Khasganj, from Bareilly to 
Aligarh, and twenty-six miles south-east of the latter, fifty-four miles 
north-east of Agra. Lat. 27 51', long. 78 31'. Pop. of pargana (1881), 
73,962. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 29,169. 

GANGIRU. Town in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 18', 
long. 77 15' 30". Pop. (1872), 5117. 

GANGLUNG. See GANTANG. 

GANGNI. Thana in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 126 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 74,955. 

GANGOH. Town in Saharanpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 46' 20", 
long. 77 18'. Pop. (1881), 12,089. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 
57,090. And thana. Pop. (1881), 46,830. 

GANGOLL Pargana in Kumaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
27.1b3. 



281 

GANGOTRL Temple in Garhwal State, KW.P. ; on the right bank 
of the Bhagirathi river, and eight or ten miles north-west of its source. 
The river here expands a little, and on the bank of a small bay or inlet 
the temple is built, about fifteen feet above the water. 

GANGPUR (GANGPORE). State, Chutia Nagpur, Bengal; paying 
an annual tribute of 50 to the British Government. Lat. 21 47' 5" 
22 32' 20", long. 85 10' 15" 85 34' 35". Area, 2518 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 107,965. 

GANGPUR. Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Cawnpore to Fatehgarh, and thirty-nine miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 26 57', long. 80 4'. 

GANGRANA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; fifty-seven miles 
east by north from Jodhpur, and forty-six miles west from A j mere. Lat, 
26 34', long. 73 59'. 

GANGULI HATH. Village in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Almora to Pithoragarh, thirty-four miles north-east of the 
former. Lat. 29 40', long. 80 5'. 

GANGUNDAUM. Town in Madura district, Madras ; 274 miles 
south-west of Madras. Lat. 9 28', long. 78 47'. 

GANGUR. Thana in Bardwan district, Bengal. Area, 181 sq. miles. 
Pop. 102,748. 

GANGURAR. Town in Jhalawar State, Rajputana ; on the right 
bank of the Chota Kali Sind river, and 122 miles west-north-west from 
Bhopal. Lat. 23 54', long. 75 39'. 

GANGTIRIA. Village in Bardwan district, Bengal. Lat. 23 12' 22", 
long. 88 8' 48". Pop., about 5000. 

GANGURU. Town in Garhwal State, N.W.P. ; on the right bank of 
the Tons river, and sixty miles north east from Dehra. Lat. 31 9', 
long. 78 23'. 

GANIRAU. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; 108 miles south- 
west from Nasirabad, and seventy-eight miles south-east from Jodhpur. 
Lat. 25 16', long. 73 36'. 

GANISKOTTL- Town in Haidarabad State ; eighty-five miles north- 
east from Haidarabad, and 204 miles south-east from Ellichpur. Lat. 
18 32', long. 78 53'. 

GANIYAGARH. Town in Puri district, Orissa, Bengal; situate 
sixty-five miles west from Cuttack, on the right bank of the Mahanadi 
river. Lat. 20 24', long. 85 6'. 

GANJ. Thana in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 6374. 

GANJ (GUN JE). Town in Cuttack district, Bengal; fifty-eight 
miles east-north-east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 45', long. 86 46'. 

GANJAM. District in Madras Presidency; between lat. 18 15' 
20 15', and long. 83 49' 85 15'. Area, 8311 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
1,749,604. Bounded on the north by Puri district; on the east by 
the Bay of Bengal ; on the south by Vizagapatam district ; and on the 
west by Kalahandi, Patna, and Jaipur estates. The chief towns are 
Berhampur (the capital), Parla Kimedi, Chicacole, and Ichhapur. The 
chief mountains are the Maliyas. The chief rivers are the Rushi- 
kulya, the Vamsadhara, and the Languliya. There are several good 
roads. The administration is in the hands of a Collector-Magistrate and Staff. 

GANJAM. Town in Ganjam district, Madras ; on the left side of the 
Rushikulya river, immediately above its fall into the Bay of Bengal. 



282 CAN GAR 

Formerly the capital of the district, which was transferred to Chicacole, 
and subsequently to Berhampur. Distance direct from Chicacole, north- 
east, 110 miles; Vizagapatam, north-east, 165; Madras, north-east, 536; 
Cuttack, south-west, 90; Calcutta, south-west, 315. Lat. 19 22' 27", 
long. 85 2' 52". Pop. (1881), 5037. 

G AN JAM. Village in Mysore district, Mysore State ; adjacent to 
Seringapatam. Lat. 12 24', long. 76 47'. An annual festival is held 
here, attended by upwards of 20,000 persons. 

GANJAM RIVER. See RUSHIKTTLYA. 

GANJANSIR. Town in Cutch State, Bombay ; 45 miles north-west 
from Bhuj, and 107 south-east from Tatta. Lat. 23 39', long. 69 10'. 

GANJBUR. Village in Karnal district, Punjab ; on the route from 
the city of Delhi to Karnal, and sixteen miles south-east of the latter. 
Lat. 29 29', long. 77 2', 

GANJ DUNDHWARA. Town in Etah district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 5592. 

GANJERL Town in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 2100. 

GANJULI. Town in Haidarabad State ; sixty miles west of the town 
of Bidar, 128 north-west of Haidarabad. Lat. 17 55', long. 76 42'. 

GANRORA. Eiver of Hindur State, Punjab ; rising in the lowei 
range of the Himalaya, about lat. 31 9', long. 76 54'; falls into the 
Sutlej, in lat. 31 17', long. 76 48'. 

GANTANG (GANTITNG). Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab. Lat. 31 
38', long. 78 47'. Height, 18,295 feet. 

GANTTJR. Town (in taluk of same name) in Kistna district, Madras ; 
forty-six miles from Masulipatam. Lat. 16 17' 42", long. 80 29'. Pop. 
(1881), 19,646. Gantur came into possession of the British in 1803. 
Pop. of taluk (1871), 126,997. 

GANUPW ARAM. Town in Godavari district, Madras ; forty miles 
west-north-west of Rajamahendri. Lat. 17 11', long. 81 20'. 

GANURGARH. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency; 
fourteen miles north-west from Hoshangabad, and thirty miles south- 
south-east from Bhopal. Lat. 22 50', long. 77 32'. 

GANUTIA. Town in Birbhum district, Bengal. Lat. 23 52' 30", 
long. 87 52' 45" ; on the river Mor. Noted for its silk factories, which 
employ upwards of 15,000 persons. 

GAOMATI (GOMATI). River of Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; rising 
on the eastern declivity of the peak of Budhan Garh, in lat. 30, long. 
79 36'; and falling into the Sarju, a feeder of the Kali, in lat. 29 49', 
long. 79 49'. 

GAPELONG. Village in Akyab district, British Burma ; on the left 
bank of the river of the same name. Lat. 20 48', long. 93 7'. 

GAR. Town in Bundi State, Rajputana ; seventy-three miles south- 
east from Nasirabad, and seventy-four miles south from Jaipur. Lat. 
25 52', long. 75 52'. 

GARAG. Town (in subdivision of the same name) in Dharwar 
district, Bombay. Lat. 15 24' 50", long. 75 40'. Pop. (1881), 17,001. 
Area of subdivision, 699 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 100,333. 

GARAG ANDUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 207. 

GARAHUNG. Town in Nepal State ; near the left bank of tho 
Gandak river, and 102 miles north-west from Khatmandu. Lat. 27 57', 
long. 83 41'. 



GAR 283 

GARAI. River in lessor district, Bengal ; one of the branches of the 
Ganges, its lower channel being called the Madhumati. 

GARAKOTA. See GARHAKOTA. 

GARAMLI MOTI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly 
tribute of 19 to the Gaekwar of Baroda and 2 to Junagarh. 

GARAMLI NANI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly 
tribute of 19 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

GARASPUR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Hoshangabad to Sagar, by Bhilsa, eighty-eight miles north- 
east of former, forty-nine south-west of latter. Lat. 23 40', long. 
78 10'. 

GARAUKI (KARATJKI). A halting-place in Kyouk-hpyu district, 
British Burma ; on the An (or Aeng) route over the Yonia mountains to 
Ava. Elevation, 3165 feet. Lat. 20 2', long. 94 5'. 

GARAV ALE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 553. 

GARBETA. Thana in Midnapur district, Bengal. Area, 437 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 138,023. 

GARCHIROLI Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; on the 
left bank of the Wainganga river, twenty-three miles east-north-east of 
Miil. Lat. 20 11', long. 80 3'. Pop. (1881), 3099. 

GARDEN REACH. Port on the Hugli river, in the Twenty- four 
Parganas district, Bengal ; a suburb of Calcutta. Lat. 22 32' 35", long. 
88 21' 40". Area, 883 acres. Pop. (1881), 19,032. 

GARGARIBA. See HAIATPUR. 

GAR GUNS A. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; 177 miles north- 
east from Dehra, and 185 miles north east from Simla. Lat. 32 10', 
long. 80 4'. 

GARH. Tillage in Bewah State, Central India Agency ; on the direct 
route from Mirzapur to the diamond mines of Panna, and sixty-five miles 
south-west of the former. Elevation above the sea, 1036 feet. Lat. 24 
50', long. 81 42'. 

GARHA. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the right bank of 
the Luni river, and 120 miles south-west from Jodhpur. Lat. 25 11', 
long. 71 42'. 

GARHA. Fort in Sultanpur district, Oudh ; on the right bank of the 
Gumti, fourteen miles south-east of Sultanpur, 106 south-east of Lucknow. 
Lat. 26 10', long. 82 19'. 

GARHA. Town in Jabalpur district, Central Provinces ; ninety miles 
south-east of Sagar. Lat. 23 10', long. 79 56' 30". Pop. (1876), 2588. 

GARHA. State in the Guna Agency, Central India Agency. Pop. 
(1881), 9544. 

GARHA. Pargana in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 37,708. 

GARHA. Village in Banda district, KW.P. ; on the route from the 
town of Banda to Eewah, twenty-four miles south of the former. It is 
situate on the right bank of the river Baghin. Lat. 25 9', long. 80 33'. 

GARHA. Town in Rewah State, Central India Agency ; thirteen 
miles from the left bank of the river Son, and thirteen miles east from 
Kewah. Lat. 24 30', long. 81 35'. 

GARHA. State in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Pop. (1881), 
9544. 

GARHA KALAN. Village in Banda district, N.W.P. Pop. (1872), 
1214. 



284 GAR 

GARHAKOTA. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces ; situated 
in an angle formed by the rivers Sonar and Gadhairi. Lat. 23 47', long. 
79 II 7 30". Pop. (1881), 11,414. Garhakota passed into the hands of 
the British Government in 1861, consequent on exchange of territory 
with Maharaja Sindhia. 

GARHAKOTA RAMNA. Forest in Sagar district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 6 sq. miles. 

GARHAULL Town in Hamirpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1872), 4501. 

GARHBETA. Subdivision of Midnapur district, Bengal; between lat. 
22 34' 30" 22 57', and long. 87 6' 87 50' 45". Pop. (1872), 354,486. 

GARHBORI. Town (in pargana of same name) in Chanda district, 
Central Provinces ; on a branch of the Andharf river, sixteen miles 
north-north-west of Mul. Lat. 20 18', long. 79 38' 30". Area of 
pargana, 516 sq. miles. 

GARHDIW ALA. Town in Hoshiarpur district, Punjab. Lat. 31 
44' 30", long. 75 47' 30". Pop. (1881), 3438. An annual fair is held 
here, attended by not less than 20,000 persons. 

GARHGAON. A ruined city, with remains of a fort and palace, 
in Sibsagar district, Assam ; near Sibsagar town. Lat. 26 57', long. 
94 46'. 

GARHI (BHAISA KHIRI). State, Central India Agency. Pop 
(1881), 980. 

GARHI-ADTI-SHAH. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. 
Pop. (1872), 1327. Lat. 27 31', long. 69 4'. 

GARHI MTJKHTIYAR KHAN. Town in Bahawalpur State, Punjab. 
Pop. (1881), 5001. 

GARHIYA. Town in Birbhum district, Bengal ; 138 miles north- 
west of Calcutta. Lat. 24, long. 86 59'. 

GARHI YASIN. Town and municipality in Shikarpur district, Sind, 
Bombay. Lat. 27 54', long. 68 33' 15". Pop. (1881), 5541. 

GARHKUHIYA. Town in Gonda district, Oudh; on the left bank 
of the river Gogra, and forty -four miles east from Lucknow. Lat. 27, 
long. 81 41'. 

GARHMTJKHTESAR Town (in pargana of same name) in Meerut 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 47' 10", long. 78 8' 30". Pop. (1881), 7305, 
Situated on the Ganges. There is an annual fair held in the town 
attended by upwards of 200,000 pilgrims. Pop. of pargana (1881), 
48,724. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 30,269. 

GARHORI. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces; sixty-seven 
miles south-east by south from Nagpur, and 149 miles east-south-east 
from Ellichpur. Lat. 20 19', long. 79 39'. 

GARHSHANKAR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Hoshiarpur 
district, Punjab. Lat. 31 12' 58", long. 76 11' 2". Pop. (1881), 5275. 
Area of tahsil, 451 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 235,165. 

GARHVI. River of Bhandara, Seoni, and Chanda districts, Central 
Provinces ; falling into the Wainganga below Seoni, in Chanda district, 
in lat. 20 26', long. 80. 

GARHWAL. District in the Kumaun division, N.W.P. ; between 
lat. 29 26' 31 5', and long. 78 17' 15" 80 8'. Area, 5500 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 345,629 persons, exclusive of the Native State of the same 
name, of which the area is 9180 sq. miles, and the population (1881), 
199,836. Bounded on the north by Thibet; on the east by Kumaun 



GAR 285 

district ; on the south by Bijnaur district ; on the west by Garhwal State 
and Dehra Dun district. The chief towns are Pauri (the capital) and 
Srmagar. The mountains are the Himalayas. The chief rivers are the 
Nyar and the Alaknanda. There are upwards of 1000 miles of roads in 
this district. The administration is conducted by an Assistant Com- 
missioner. 

GARHWAL (TEHRI). State, N.W.P. ; between lat. 30 2' 31 20', 
and long. 77 54' 79 19'. Area, 9180 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 199,836. 
The chief town is Tehri. The chief river is the Alaknanda, and other 
headwaters of the Ganges ; the whole country is mountainous, being on 
the slopes of the Himalayas. The Raja has a salute of 11 guns. 

GARI. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay ; sixty-three 
miles south-east of Tatta. Lat. 24 18', long. 68 51'. 

GfARIADHAR. Town in Baroda State ; distant from Ahmedabad, 
south-west, 125 miles; Baroda, south-west, 120; Surat, north-west, 
ninety; Bombay, north-west, 195. Lat. 21 31', long. 71 31'. 

GARI SADA KHAN. Town in Hazara district, Punjab ; seventy- 
four miles north-east of the town of Attock. Lat. 34 20', long. 73 28'. 

GARNEMETTA. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras. Lat. 13 48', 
long. 78 56'. Pop. (1871), 5938. 

GAROBIR. Town in Nepal State ; on the left bank of the Jimru river, 
and 200 miles north-west from Khatmandu. Lat. 28 5', long. 82 5'. 

GARO HILLS. District of Assam ; between lat. 25 9' 26 1', and 
long. 89 52' 91 3'. Area, 3180 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 85,634. 
Tura is the chief town. The chief mountains are the Tura and Arbela. 
The chief rivers are the Krishnai, Kalu, and other tributaries of the 
Brahmaputra. The district was constituted a separate administration in. 
the year 1866. There is also another district named the Garo Hills 
Plains, of which the area is 473 sq. miles, and the pop. (1881), 23,914. 

GAROL. State in Ilewa Kantha, Bombay, paying an annual tribute 
of 3 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

GAROLA State in Sagar district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1870), 
1043. In the estate is a lake of considerable size. 

GAROT. Town in Shahpur district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 2776. 

GAROTHA (GTJROTA). Village (in tahsil of same name) in Jhansi 
district, X.W.P. ; on the route from Banda to Gwalior, seventy-eight 
miles west of the former, 126 south-east of the latter. Lat. 25 35', 
long. 79 22'. Area of tashil, 501 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 87,897. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 22,455. 

GARRA (DEOHA). River of Kumaun, Bareilly and Shahjahanpur 
districts, N.W.P., and Hardoi district, Oudh; rising in lat. 29 9', long. 
79 49', and falling into the Western Ramganga, on the left side, in lat. 
27 12', long. 79 58'. 

GARRATJLL State of Bundelkhand, Central India Agency. Area, 
25 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 4976. The chief maintains a force of 75 men. 

GARROW HILLS. See GARO HILLS. 

GARUDA-GIRL Hill in Kadur district, Mysore. Lat. 13 29', long. 
76 17'. 

GARUDANADL River in South Arcot district, Madras ; falling into 
the Bay of Bengal. 

GARUMARL Porest in Darrang district, Assam. Area, 205 acres. 



286 GAR GAIT 

GARVL See DANG STATES. 

GARWA. Village and municipality, on the North Koel river, in 
Lohardaga district, Bengal. Lat. 24 9' 45", long. 83 51' 10". Pop. 
(1881), 6043. Also thana. Area, 570 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
75,899. 

GARWAR. Thana in Ballia district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 98,070. 

GAR WAR. Town in Ghazipur district, "N.W. P.; on the route from 
Azamgarh to Dinapur, fifty-seven miles east- south- east of the former. 
Lat. 25 46', long. 84 5'. 

GAR YARSA. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 202 miles north- 
east from Simla, and 177 miles north-east from Dehra. Lat. 31 49', 
long. 8 29'. 

GASTTLPTJR. State in Jahalpur district, Central Provinces ; on the 
route from Jabalpur to Rewah, sixteen miles north-east of the former. 
Lat. 23 20', long. 80 10'. 

GATHAR. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 
2531. 

GATKA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute of 
64 to the British Government and 20 to Junagarh. 

GATIDALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 198. 

GAUGHAT. Town on the Jumna, in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; 
near the city of Allahabad, and on the south side of it. Lat. 25 25', 
long. 81 55'. 

GATIHA. Town in Bandara district, Central Provinces ; three miles 
from the left bank of the Wainganga, and thirty-eight miles east from 
Nagpur. Lat. 21 6', long. 79 43'.^ 

GAUHANL Town in Banda district, KW.P. ; three miles left or 
south-east of the route from Allahabad to Kalinjar, sixty-five miles west 
of the former, fifty-seven north-east of the latter. Lat. 25 18', long. 
81 9'. 

GATJHATI (GOWHATTY). Capital of Kamrup district, Assam ; on 
the Brahmaputra, in lat. 26 11', long. 91 48'. Pop. (1872), 11,492. 
In former times a place of considerable importance. There are a High 
School and a Persian School. In the immediate neighbourhood there are 
two places of Hindu pilgrimage. 

GATILI. Village in Bijnaur district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Moradabad to Muzaffarnagar, and thirty-seven miles north-west of the 
former place. Distant north-west from Calcutta, by Moradabad, 925 
miles. Lat. 29 7', long. 78 23'. 

GAULI (MEW ASI). State in Khandesh district, Bombay. Estimated 
pop. (1875-76), 500. 

GAITNDONGREM. Village in Canacona district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 1680. 

GATJNTL Thana in Patebpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 19,595. 

GAUNTI A. Village in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the cantonment of Shahjahanpur to Patehgarh, and five miles 
north-east of the latter. Lat. 27 24', long. 79 41'. 

GAUR (LAKHNATTTI). A ruined city in Malclah district, Bengal. 
It is situate in lat. 24 52', long. 88 10'. Gaur, which was the 
capital of Bengal under the Hindu dynasty, is famous for its extensive 
ruins, and for its artificial lake, the most celebrated of its kind in Bengal. 



GATJ GAY 287 

Gaur is distant from Berhampur, north, sixty-one miles ; from Calcutta, 
by Berhanipur, 179 ; Rajmahal, south-east, twenty-five. 

GATJRA. Town in Nepal State ; on the right bank of a branch of the 
San Kusi river, and fifty-five miles east from Khatmandu. Lat. 27 45', 
long. 86 10'. 

(jAURA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.AV.P. Pop. (1881), 8485. 

GAURA JAMUN. Pargana in Sultanpur district, Oudh. Area, 93 
sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 50,016. 

GAURANDI. Thana in Manbhum district, Bengal. Area, 173 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 45,793. 

GAURANGDIHL Hills in Bankura district, Bengal. Lat. 23 26', 
long. 86 48' 45". 

GATIRANGI. River of Bhutan State, and Goalpara district, Assam; 
rising in lat. 26 43', long. 90 7', and falls into the Brahmaputra on the 
right side, in lat. 26 10', long. 90 13'. 

GATJRIDAR. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying an annual tribute 
of 101 to the British Government and 61 to Junagarh. 

GAITRIHAR. State in BundelUhand, Central India Agency; between 
lat. 25 14' 25 26', and long. 80 12' 80 21'. Bounded on the east 
by Banda and Hamirpur districts; on the north and west by Banda 
district; and on the south by Chhatarpur State. Area, 73 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 10,691. The chief maintains a force of 3 guns, 35 cavalry, 
and 240 foot-soldiers. 

GATIRIHAR. Capital of State of same name, Bundelkhand, Central 
India Agency. Lat. 25 16', long. 80 14'. 

GAURIPIIR, Village in Goalpara district, Assam; on the Brahma- 
putra. Lat. 26 11', long. 90 7'. Pop. (1872), 1805. A trading fair 
is held here every year. 

GATIRIYA. Village in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Etawah, and seventy miles south-east of the latter. 
Lat. 26 12', long. 79 55'. 

GATJRJTHANA. Town in Bahawalpur State, Punjab ; near the left 
bank of the river Ghara, and 130 miles east-north-east from Bahawalpur. 
Lat. 30 14', long. 73 39'. 

GATTRNADDL Thana in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Area, 262 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 184,192. 

GAVIPTIR. Village in Bangalore district, Mysore. Lat. 12 56', 
long. 77 36'. Pop. (1871), 548. Noted for its cave temple. 

GAVIRDAD. Fifth-class State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 27 sq. 
miles. 

GAW. Revenue circle, Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 
4688. 

GAWILGARH. Hills in Berar ; between lat. 21 10' 21 46' 30", 
and long. 76 40' 77 53'. 

GAWILGARH. Fortress (on hills of same name) in Ellichpur 
district, Berar; between the Purna and Tapti rivers. Lat. 21 21' 30", 
long. 77 24' 30". Height, 3595 feet. The fort was dismantled in 1853. 

GAWT AM AW. Revenue circle, Prome district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1877), 355. 

GAYA. District in the Patna division, Bengal ; between lat. 24 17' 
25 19', and long. 84 4' 86 5'. Area, 4712 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 



288 GAY GHA 

2,124,682. Bounded on the north by Patna district; on the east by 
Monghyr district ; on the south and south-east by Lohardaga and Hazari- 
bagh districts; and on the west by Shahabad district on the other side 
of the Son. The district is hilly in the south, the highest summit being 
the Maher Hill, 1620 feet high. The chief rivers are the Son, the 
Punpun, and the Phalgu. The chief towns are Gaya (the capital), 
Jahanabad, and Tikari. The district abounds with places of veneration, 
and immense numbers of pilgrims repair to the various temples, etc., 
which are to be found in all directions. The administration is in the 
hands of a Collector. 

GAYA. Subdivision of Gaya district, Bengal, lying between lat. 24 
17'_25 6' 30', and long. 84 20' 30" 85 26' 45". Area, 1839 sq. 
miles.- Pop. (1881), 805,364. Also thana. Area, 456 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 291,513. 

GAYA. Town (in district of same name) in Bengal; situate on the 
Phalgu river. Lat. 24 48' 44", long. 85 3' 16". Pop. (1881), 76,415. 

GAYA. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 128 miles north-east from 
Chamba, and 144 miles north-east from Kane;ra. Lat. 33 39', long. 
77 50'. 

GAZIPTTR KHASS. See GHAZIPUR Kiiiss. 

GAZZALHATHI. Pass in Coimbatore district, Madras. Lat. 11 
33', long. 77 3'. 

GEDI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay; paying a yearly tribute of 
120 to the British Government, and 13 to Junagarh. 

GEJJAHANAKODU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 222. 

GENERAL GANJ. Thana in Cawnpore district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 31,283. 

GEONKHALI. Lighthouse in Midnapur district, Bengal. Lat. 21 
50' 15", long. 87 59' 15". 

GEORGEGARH. Fortress in Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 28 38', 
long. 76 37'. Built by the adventurer George Thomas. 

GEORGE TOWN. See PRINCE or WALES ISLAND. 

GERWARA (GIRWAR). See GIRWAN. 

GEWARDA. See GIWARDA. 

GHAGAR. River of Bakarganj district, Bengal : it rises in lat. 23 
1' 45", long. 90 8' 45", and flows into a tributary of the Ganges in lat. 
22 48' 30", long. 89 57' 15". 

GHAGGAR. River of Sirmur State, Umballa district, Patiala State, 
Hissar and Sirsa districts, and Bahawalpur (State, Punjab. It rises in lat. 
30 41', long. 77 14'. 

GHAGRA. See GOGRA. 

GHAGUR (GHUTGARH). See GAGAR. 

GHAIBI DERO. -Town in Shikarpur district, Sind. Lat. 27 36', 
long. 67 41'. Pop. (1872), 857. 

GHAIBIPUR. Village in Hissar district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 25', 
long. 76. 

GHAIKTJL. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; on the 
right bank of the Wainganga river, and 103 miles south-east from 
Nagpur. Lat. 19 49', long. 79 48'. 

GHAN. River in Berar, rising in lat. 20 26' 30", long. 76 23' 20", 
and joining the Purna in lat. 20 55', long. 76 33'. 



GHA 289 

GHANAUR Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 1099. 

GHANINAUDA. State in Bewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, 1 sq. mile. 

GHANSOR. Village in Seoni district, Central Provinces. Lat. 22 
21' long. 79 50'. Noted for its ruined temples and sculptures. 

GHANTL Thana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
110,505. 

GHARA. See GulRO. 

GHARA. A stream in Sind, flowing by the village of the same name, 
and falling into a long creek opening into the Indian Ocean, ten miles east 
of Karachi. The mouth of the Ghara creek is in lat. 24 45', long. 
67 12'. 

GHARA. River formed by the junction of the Beas and the Sutlej ; 
after joining the Chenab in lat. 29 18', long. 71 6', it is called the 
Panjnad. 

GHARAPURL See ELEPHANTA. 

GHARGANDA. See KARKANDA. 

GHARO. Tillage in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 24 44' 
30", long. 67 37' 30". Pop. (1872), 828. 

GHATAL. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name) in 
Midnapur district, Bengal; on the Silai river. Lat. 22 40' 10", long. 
87 45' 50". Pop. (1881), 12,638. Area of subdivision, 317 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 287,337. Also thana. Area, 92 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
84,093. 

GHATAMPUR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Cawnpore district, 
N.W.P. ; twenty-eight miles east of Kalpi. Lat. 26 9', long. 80 13'. 
Area of tahsil, 335 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 113,946. Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 77,335. 

GHATAMPUR. Pargana in TJnao district, Oudh. Area, 26 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 15,469. 

GHATAMPUR KALAN. Town in TJnao district, Oudh. Lat. 26 
22', long. 80 46'. Pop. (1869), 1750. 

GHATARO. Town in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
5982. 

GHATKUL. Pargana in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Area, 
36 sq. miles. 

GHAT LAHCHURA. Thana in Jhansi district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
17,081. 

GHATPILLI. Town in Haidarabad State ; ninety-seven miles north- 
east from Haidarabad, and 100 miles south from Chanda. Lat. 18 30 ; , 
long. 79 22'. 

GHATPRABHA. Ttiver of Belgaum district, and Mudhol State, 
Bombay ; rising in lat. 15 50', long. 74 3', on the eastern slope of the 
Western Ghats ; falls into the Kistna in lat. 16 20', long. 75 52'. 
m GHATS (EASTERN). A chain of mountains of Southern India, 
rising in Balasor district, Bengal, in about the same latitude as the 
"Western Ghats on the opposite side of the peninsula. This chain 
may be traced in a south-westerly direction through the districts of 
Ganjam,_Yizagapatam, Godavari, Nellore, Chengalpat, South Arcot, Tri- 
chinopoli, and Tinnevelli, in Madras. The average elevation of the 
Eastern Ghats is about 1500 feet. 

GHATS (WESTERN). An extensive range of mountains of Southern 

19 



290 GHA 

India. Their northern limit is the valley of the Tapti, of which a 
branch from the Suhyadri Mountains (as the npper part of the Western 
Ghats is called) forms the southern inclosing range, about lat. 21 
21 15', long. 73 45' 74 40', and is connected with groups which 
diminish in height towards the east until they sink into the table- 
land of Berar. In lat. 21 10', long. 74, this great range (the Western 
Ghats) turns south nearly at right angles to that which forms the south 
inclosing range of the valley of the Tapti. Its elevation increases as 
it proceeds southwards, and at Mahabaleshwar, in lat. 18, long. 73 40 ; , 
is 4700 feet above the sea. South of Mahabaleshwar, and in lat. about 
15, the elevation diminishes, so as not to be more than 1000 feet above 
the sea. Still further to the south, however, the elevation increases, and 
attains its maximum towards Coorg, where Bonasson Hill is said to be 
7000 feet above the sea; Tandianmole, 5781 ; Pupagiri, 5682. South of 
those elevations, the Ghats join the Nilgiri group. The length of the 
Western Ghats, from the northern extremity of the Sahyadri Mountains, 
to the southern brow, joining the Kunda Mountains on the north side of 
the Palghat Valley, is about 800 miles. The mountains rising on the 
south side of Palghat Valley, which may be called a continuation of 
the Western Ghats, have considerable elevation. The length of the 
chain of mountains extending from Cape Comorin to the valley of Palghat 
is 200 miles. 

GHATSILLA. Thana in Singbhum district, Bengal. Area, 1147 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 165,709. 

GHATTA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; forty-five miles south- 
east from Jaipur, and 104 miles south-west from Agra. Lat. 26 38', 
long. 76 35'. 

GHATWALI VILLAGES. Thana in Santal Parganas district, Bengal. 
Pop. (1881), 27,462. 

GHATJBIPUR. See CHOBIPUK. 

GHAUSGANJ. Town in Cawnpore district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
2643. 

GHAZIABAD. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Meerut district, KW.P. ; lat. 28 39' 55", long. 77 28' 10". Pop. 
(1881), 12,059. Ghaziabad is the joint station of the East Indian, and 
Sind, Punjab and Delhi railways, and the junction for Delhi. Area of 
tahsil, 494 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 244,815. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
46,340. 

GHAZIKA THANNA. Town in IJlwar State, Rajput-ana ; forty- 
seven miles north-east from Jaipur, and 110 north-west from Agra. Lat. 
27 27', long. 76 21'. 

GHAZIPUR. District in the Benares division, N.W.P. ; between 
lat. 25 18' 31" 26 2' 10", and long. 83 6' 20" 84 42' 40". Area, 
1473 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,014,099. Bounded on the north by 
Azamgarh and Saran districts ; on the west by Benares and Jaunpur 
districts ; on the south by Shahabad district ; and on the east by Saran 
district. The chief rivers are the Ganges, Gogra, Sargu, and Gumti. 
The chief towns are Ghazipur (the capital), Mahatwar Khas, and 
Shinpur. The East Indian Railway traverses the southern portion of 
the district. The administration is conducted by a Collector-Magistrate, 
two Joint Magistrates, an Assistant, and two Deputies. 



GHA GHO 291 

GHAZIPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Ghazipur district, N.W.P. Lat. 25 33' 36", long. 83 35' 13". Pop. 
(1881), 32,885. Area of tahsil, 432 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 322,408. 
Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 113,608. And thana. Pop. (1881), 
100,057. 

GHAZIPUR. Tahsil of Fatehpur district, KW.P. Area, 266 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 90,170. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 46,231. 
And thana. Pop. (1881), 39,121. 

GHAZIPUR KHASS. Town in Fatehpnr district, TST.W.P. ; on the 
route from Allahabad to Hami'rpur, seventy-three miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 25 48', long. 80 50'. 

GHAZI-UD-DIN-NAGAR. SeeGHAzflBiD. 

GHAZNI. Town in Afghanistan with a famous fortress ; situated on 
the left bank of the river of the same name, eighty-five miles south-west 
of Kabul, and 233 miles north-east of Kandahar. Lat. 33 34', long. 68 19'. 

GHENDI. Town in Nepal State ; situate three miles from one of the 
branches of the Gandak river, and 122 miles north-west from Khat- 
rnandu. Lat. 28 21', long. 83 29'. 

GHERGONG. See GARHGION. 

GHERIA (GHERIAH). See YIZIADHTJG. 

GHERIA. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Lat. 24 30' 15", 
long. 88 8' 15". 

GHE8. State in Sambalpur district, Central Provinces, about fifty 
miles west of Sambalpur. Area, 30 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 7030. The 
principal village, Ghes, is situated in lat. 21 11' 30", long. 83 20". 

GHIDDOR. See GIDHAUK. 

GHIRDI. Town in Satara district, Bombay ; eighty-nine miles south 
east of Satara. Lat. 17 17', long. 75 21'. 

GHIRG AON. Village in Kumaun district, 1SYW.P. ; on the route 
from Pithoragarh to the Anta Dhara Pass, thirty-two miles north of 
Pithoragarh. Lat. 30 2', long. 80 13'. 

GHIROR. See GIHEOE. 

GHISWA (GHISSUA). Town (in pargana of same name) in Jaunpur 
district, N.W.P. ; distant seventeen miles west from Jaunpur, thirty-nine 
miles north from Mirzapur. Pop. 8868. Lat. 25 41', long. 82 28'. 

GHOGHA. See GOGO. 

GHOGHARO. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 
27 29', long. 68 4'. Pop. (1872), 1415. Centre of rice trade. 

GHOGHIA. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; ninety-three miles 
north-west of Dinapur. Lat. 26 54', long. 84 38'. 

GHOGRA. See GOGRA. 

GHOLGHAT. Village in Huglf district, Bengal. 

GHOLWAD. Port in Tanna district, Bombay. Lat. 25 5' long. 
72 46'. 

GHORASAR. State in Mahi Kantha Agoncy, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 
8400. An annual tribute is payable of 48 16s. to the British Govern- 
ment, and 350 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Its capital is Ghorasar. 
Lat. 23 28', long. 73 20'. 

a GHORA TRUP. Village in Peshawar district, Punjab ; situate on the 
right bank of the river Indus, eleven miles south-west of Attock, and 
thirty-four south-east of Peshawar. Lat. 33 46', long. 72 9'. 



292 GHO GHU 

GHORAWAL. Town in Mirzapur district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Sasseram to llewah, seventy-eight miles south-west of the former. 
Lat. 24 46', long. 82 51'. Also than a. Pop. (1881), 44,675. 

GHORIBARL Taluk of Karachi district, Sind, Bombay. Between 
lat. 24 5' 24 34', and long. 67 21' 15" 68 1'. Area, 537 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1872), 32,362. 

GHOSI. Pargana in Azamgarh district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
125,885. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 85,580. 

GHOSIA. Town in Azamgarh district, JST.W.P. ; on the route from 
Ghazipur to Gorakhpur, and forty-seven miles north of the latter. 
Distance north-east from Benares, sixty-four miles. Lat. 26 5', long. 
83 36'. 

GHOTANA. Town and municipality in Haidarabad district, Sind, 
Bombay. Lat. 25 44' 45", long. 68 27'. Pop. (1872), 953. 

GHOTE. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces; 110 miles 
south-east from Nagpur, and .131 miles north-west from Jagdalpur. 
Lat. 19 50', long. 80 8'. 

GHOTIPTTRTL Town in Haidarabad State; seventy-three miles 
north-east from Haidarabad, and 140 miles north-west from Masulipatam. 
Lat. 17 30', long. 79 39'. 

GHOTKI. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in Shika- 
pur district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 28 0' 15", long. 69 21' 15". Pop. 
(1872), 3689. Area of taluk, 372 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 46,406. 

GHTJGA (GTIGYA). Village in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Ghazipur to Gorakhpur, twenty-two miles south of the latter. 
Lat. 26 20', long. 83 30'. 

GHUGTJS. Village in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Lat. 19 
56' 30", long. 79 9' 30". Noted for its temples and caves. 

GHTJLAM ALIKA TANDA. Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, 
Bombay ; thirty-six miles south-east of Haidarabad. Lat. 25 9', long. 68 59'. 

GHTJLLA. Town in Warsavi State, Rewa Kantha, Bombay; 163 
miles north-east from Bombay, and thirty-two miles south from Broach. 
Lat. 21 15', long. 73 5'. 

GHUNDAWUL. See CHAKDAWUL. 

GHTJNGL Eiver of Nepal State ; joins the Dhumela in lat. 27 5', 
long. 83 12', and ultimately falls into the Kapti on the left side, in lat. 
27 3', long. 83 12', having altogether flowed about 100 miles. 

GHUNNAPURA. Town in Haidarabad State ; distance from the city 
of Haidarabad, south-west, sixty miles. Lat. 16 34', long. 78. 

GHUNSAMPTJR. Village in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Bareilly to Sitapur, and forty- eight miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 28 6', long. 80 6'. 

GHTTNTAL. Village in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 14', 
long. 76 53'. 

GHURAM. Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 1078. 

GHURAUNDA (GURAUND A). Village in Karnal district, Punjab ; 
on the route from the city of Delhi to Karnal, and twelve miles south- 
east of the latter. Lat. 29 32', long. 77 2'. 

GHURATIT. Village in Gurgaon district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Hansi, by Gurgaon, to Muttra, and fifty-four miles north-west of the 
latter. Lat. 28 5', long. 77 16'. 



GHU GID 293 

GHURAUTUH (GAROT AH). Village in Gurgaon district, KW.P. ; 
on the route from Muttra to Delhi, by the right bank of the Jumna, and 
fifty-five miles south-east of the latter city. Lat. 27 56', long. 77 28'. 

GHURAWAL. Town in Mirzapur district, KW.P. Top. (1881), 
1157. 

GHURCHURULL Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; on 
the left bank of the Wainganga river, and eighty-seven miles south-east 
from Nagpur. Lat. 20 12', long. 80 1'. 

GHURIALA. Town in Eikaner State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
the town of Bikaner to Jaisalmir, and fifty miles south-west of the former. 
Lat. 27 44', long. 72 36'. 

GHURMUKTISUR. See GAEHMTJKHTESAE. 

GHURPARRAH. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces ; on the 
route from Sagar to Tehrf, seven miles north-west of the former. Lat. 
23 55', long. 78 45'. 

GHURPUR. Thana in Allahabad district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
37,922. 

GHUSAL PASS. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab ; across the range 
of the Himalaya, forming the southern boundary of Kunawar. Elevation 
above the sea, 15,851 feet. Lat. 31 21', long. 78 13'. 

GHUSGARH. Town in Bahawalpur State, Punjab ; seventy-three 
miles south-east from Bahawalpur, and 127 miles north-east from Jaisal- 
mir. Lat. 28 24', long. 72 6'. 

GHUSIA (GTJSI A). Village in Benares district, KW.P. ; four miles 
north of the left bank of the Ganges, where the route from Benares 
to Allahabad is intersected by that from Jaunpur to Mirzapur. Distant 
west of Benares, twenty nine miles; from Allahabad, east, forty-five. 
Lat. 25 16', long. 82 36'. 

GHUSIPURA. Village in Bijnaur district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Moradabad to Hardwar, and thirty-three miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 29 35', long. 78 25'. 

GHUSNA (GUSUNA). Village in Muttra district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Aligarh to Muttra, and five miles north-east of the latter. 
Lat. 27 32', long. 77 48'. 

GHUSPUR. Town in Ghazipur district, N.W.P. : on the left bank 
of the Ganges, ten miles east of Ghazipur cantonment, 590 miles north- 
west of Calcutta by water. Lat. 25 37', long. 83 47'. 

GHUSPUR. Village in Ludhiana district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Ludhiana to Firozpur, and ten miles west of the former town. Distant 
north-west from Calcutta, 1112 miles. Lat. 30 57', long. 75 44'. 

GHUSRL Village in Hugli district, Bengal. 

GHUTAL. See GHAT!L. 

GHUTASAN DEVI. Pass in Sirmur State, Punjab. A route from 
Dehra to Nahan lies through the pass. Elevation above the sea, 2500 
feet. Lat. 30 31', long. 77 28'. 

GIABA.NG. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; situate in the Kuna- 
war district in the valley of Buskulung, arid near the right bank of 
the river Darbang. Elevation above the sea, 9200 feet. Lat. 31 47', 
long. 78 29'. 

GIDDALUR. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras; 158 miles south- 
west of Masulipatam. Lat. 15 23', long. 79. 



294 GID GIB 

GIDHATJB (GIDHOB). Tillage in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on 
the route from Bareilly to Pitlioragarh, and forty-eight miles north- 
east of the former. Lat. 28 49', long. 79 56'. 

GIDHAUB. Town in Monghyr district, Bengal. Lat. 24 51' 20", 
long. 86 14' 25". The Gidhaur family have been settled here 700 
years. 

GIDHAUB GALLI Pass in Peshawar district, Punjab, lying on the 
road from Peshawar to Attock, five miles north-west of the latter town. 
Lat. 33 56', long. 72 12'. Derives its name (the Jackal's Neck) from 
its extreme narrowness, being not more than ten or twelve feet wide, 
and bounded on either side by considerable hills. 

GIDU-JO-TANDO Town on the Indus, in Haidarabad district, Sind, 
Bombay. Lat. 25 22' 15", long. 68 21'. Pop. (1872), 1832. 

GIDUB GULLL See GIDHATJE GALLI. 

GIDWAS. Town in Purniah district, Bengal ; sixty-four miles north- 
east of Bhagalpur. Lat. 26 4', long. 97 25'. 

GIGASAB AN. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. 

GIHBOB. Town (in pargana of same name) in Mainpnri district ; on 
the route from Agra to Mainpuri, and seventeen miles west of the latter. 
Elevation above the sea, 648 feet. Lat. 27 11', long. 78 51'. Pop. 
of pargana (1881), 62,837. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 55,524. 

GIHUN. Tillage in Jodhpur State, Eajputana ; on the route from 
Pokaran to Balmer, and four miles north of the latter place. It lies 
at the eastern base of a small range of rocky hills, dividing the Great 
from the Little Desert. Lat. 25 50', long. 71 20'. 

GIJGABH. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana. Pop. (1881), 5171. 

GILATULLI. Town in Sylhet district, Assam ; seventy-four miles 
west of Gauhati. Lat. 25 5', long. 91 39'. 

GILGAON. State in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Its chief 
village (of same name) is in lat. 20 0' 30", long. 80 5' 80". Area, 60 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1211. 

GILGIT. Talley in Kashmir State, Punjab ; on the southern declivitj 
of the Hindu Kush, lying between Baltistan or Little Thibet on the east, 
and Chitral on the west. It consists principally of one large valley, down 
which the stream called the river of Gilgit flows, and falls into the Indus 
on the right or north-western bank, in lat. 35 47', long. 74 31'. There 
is also a village of the same name on the right bank of the stream, in lat. 
36, long. 74 10'. 

GINAUB. Tahsil of Budaun district, N.W.P. ; lying along the 
northern bank of the Ganges. Area, 310 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 
128,788. 

GINGI (CHENJI). Town and fortress in South Arcot district, 
Madras. Lat. 12 15' 19", long. 79 26' 8'. Formerly a place of great 
strength and importance. 

GINGI. See AEIAKUPTJM. 

GINIKHIBA. Tillage in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; twenty-eight 
miles north of Moradabad. Lat. 29 1 1', long. 79. 

GINOBI ( GUN ATJBI). Town (with a fort) in Bulandshahr district, 
K.W.P. ; fifty-five miles south-east of Delhi. Lat. 28 20', long. 78 4'. 

GIBAL Tillage in Hissar district, Punjab. Lat. 29 14', long. 
75 58' 



GIR 295 

GIRAJSIR. Town in Jaisalmir State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
the town of Bikaner to that of Jaisalrnir, and fifty miles south-west 
of the former. Lat. 27 42', long. 72 36'. 

GIRAPURAM. Town in Haidarabad State; on the left bank of 
the Godavari river, and 150 miles north-east from Haidarabad. Lat. 
18 28', long. 80 29'. 

GIRAR. Thana in Lalitpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 6935. 

GIRAR. Town in Wardha district, Central Provinces ; thirty-seven 
miles south-east of "Wardha. Lat. 20 40', long. 79 9' 30". There is a 
Musalman shrine in this town, to which a large number of pilgrims, alike 
Hindu and Muslims, continually flock. Pop. (1870), 1836. 

GIRARI. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces ; on the 
route from Ramgarh to Palamau, thirty-nine miles north-east of the 
former. Lat. 22 53', long. 81 37'. 

GIRATIB. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; sixty-two miles 
south-west from Jaisalmir, and 157 miles south-west from Jodhpur. 
Lat. 26 5', long. 70 40'. 

GIRDABADL Hill of Eastern Ghats, in Ganjam district, Madras, 
Lat. 19 29' 44", long. 84 25' 18". Height, 3399 feet. 

GIRDHIAL Village in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the town of Moradabad to Almora, and twenty-six miles north 
of the former. Lat. 29 10', long. 79. 

GIRHTJR. Town in Nagpur district, Central Provinces ; thirty-seven 
miles south from Nagpur, and 110 miles south-east from Ellichpur. 
Lat. 20 39', long. 79 10'. 

GIRIDHI. Subdivision, Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Area, 2446 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 432,504. 

GIRIYAK. Tillage on the Panchana river, Patna district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 1' 45", long. 85 54'. 

GIRNA. River of Khandesh district, Bombay ; falls into the Tapti 
on the left side, in lat. 21 9', long. 75 17'. 

GIRNAR. Hill in Kathiawar, Bombay ; famQus for its ruined temples 
find inscriptions of Asoka. Lat. 21 30', long. 70 42'. Height, 3500 
feet. 

GIROLA. See GAROLA". 

GIROLI (GURRATJLI). See GARRATTLI. 

GIRRI. River of Keonthal State, Punjab ; falls into the Jumna in 
lat. 30 27', long. 77 44'. 

GIRWA. River of Nepal State and Bahraich district, Oudh ; leaves 
the Kauriala, and again joins that river; uniting with the Sarju and the 
Chauka, they form the Gogra. 

GIRWAH. See GrawiN. 

GIRWAN. Town (in tahsfl of same name) in Banda district, KW.P. ; 
eleven miles south of Banda. Lat. 25 19', long. 80 27'. Area of tahsil, 
308 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 88,651. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
17,456. 

GIRWAR. Town in Sirohi State, Rajputana ; fifty-seven miles west 
from Udaipur, and fifty-one miles north-east from Disa. Lat. 24 36', 
long. 72 45'. 

GIRWARA. Town in Bundelkhand, Central India Agency; 123 miles 
north-east of Sagar. Lat. 24 31'. long. 80 29'. 



296 GIR GNY 

GIRWARL Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; fifty 
miles south-west from Gwalior, and sixty-nine miles north-west from 
Jhansi. Lat. 25 48', long. 77 37'. 

GISGARH. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; fifty-six miles east 
from Jaipur, and 128 south-west from Delhi. Lat. 26 52', long. 76 49'. 

GISRI. One of the mouths of the river Indus, in Karachi district, 
Sind, Bombay. Lat. 24 45', long. 67 8'. 

GIVAROI. Town in Haidarabad State ; fifty-one miles south-east 
from Aurangabad. Lat. 19 17', long. 75 49'. 

GIWARDA. Chiefship in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Area, 
160 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 8134. 

GNA-PUTAN. See NGA-PUTAN. 

GNASANKA. Town in Bhutan State ; seventy-six miles north-west 
from Darrang, and eighty-three miles north-east from Goalpara. Lat. 
27 12', long. 91 15'. 

GNA-THAING-KHYOTJNG. See NGA-THAING-KHYOITNG. 

GNA YOKHIAUNG. Pass in Bassein district, British Burma ; over 
the Yoma range of mountains; twenty-seven miles south-west from 
Bassein. Lat. 16 30', long. 94 35'. 

GNETZAZAKAN. Village, with an encamping ground, on the An 
(or Aeng) Pass, between Akyab district, British Burma, and Upper 
Burma. 

GNOPARAWA. Tillage in Akyab district, British Burma. Lat. 20 
31', long. 93 20'. 

GNYOUNG-BENG. Revenue circle, in Rangoon district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 8339. 

GNYOUNG-BENG-HLA. Revenue circle in Kyouk-hpyu district, 
British Burma. Area, 8 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 1650. 

GNYOTJNG-BENG-THA. Revenue circle in Prome district, British 
Burma. 

GNYOTING BENG-THA. Revenue circle, on the right bank of the 
Irawady, in Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 4467. 

GNYOTTNG BENG-TSHIEP. Revenue circle in Thayet district, 
British Burma ; on the left bank of the Irawadi. Area, 6 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1876), 4115. 

GNYOTING-BENG-TSHIEP. Revenue circle, in Amherst district, 
British Burma ; at the junction of the Gyaing and Attaran rivers, and on 
the right bank of the former. Pop. (1876), 2999. 

GNYOUNG-DTIN. Town in Thonkhwa district, British Burma; 
sixty miles north-west of Rangoon, at the junction of the Pan-hlaing 
or Gnyoung-dun creek with the Irawadi. Pop. (1881), 12,673. 

GNYOUNG-DTTN. Revenue circle in Thonkhwa district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 12,354. 

GNYOTJNG-KHYOITNG. Revenue circle, on the right bank of the 
Irawadi, in Thonkhwa district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 10,212. 

GNYOTTNG-LE BENG. Revenue circle in Shwe-gyeng district, 
British Burma. Area, 70 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 5284. 

GNYOUNG-RWA-GYL Revenue circle in Henzada district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 4981. 

GN YOUNG -RWA-NGAY. Revenue circle in Henzada district, 
British Burma. Pop. (1876), 2556. 



GNY GOA 297 

GNYOTJNG-TSA-RE. Revenue circle in Prome district; British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 5961. 

GOA. The former capital of the Portuguese possessions in India, 
once an opulent and powerful city, but now only a suburb of 
Panji'm, the present Portuguese capital. It is situate in lat. 15 30', 
long. 73 57'. The territory of the same name lies on the western 
coast of the Indian peninsula, and is bounded on the north by Sawant 
"Wari State, Bombay ; on the east by the British districts of Belgaum 
and North Kanara; and on the south-west by the Indian Ocean. It 
lies between lat. 14 53' 15 48', and long. 73 43' 74 24'; is 
sixty -two miles in length from north to south, and forty in breadth, 
and contains an area of 1062 sq. miles. The pop. was in 1881, 
420.868. 

GOA. River of Sandoway district, British Burma, which empties 
itself in the sea near the village of the same name. Its mouth is about 
lat. 17 34', long. 93 40'. 

GOA CITY. See GOA. 

GOA (GWA). Village in Sandoway district, British Burma. Lat. 
17, 33', long. 94 41'. 

GOA ISLAND (GWA ISLAND). Island off the coast of Sandoway 
district, British Burma ; situate near the mouth of the river bearing the 
same name, and about a mile and a half from the shore. Lat. 17 34', 
long. 93 38'. 

GOALANDA. Subdivision of Faridpur district, Bengal ; between 
lat. 23 31' 23 55', and long. 89 22' 89 54'. Area, 429 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1872), 303,138. 

GOALANDA. Town in Faridpur district, Bengal. Lat. 23 50' 10", 
long. 89 46' 10". Important for its position at the head of the Eastern 
Bengal Railway, at the confluence of the main channels of the Ganges 
and Brahmaputra. 

GOALGANG. Town in Bijawar State, Central Indian Agency ; on 
the route from Banda to Sagar, ninety-three miles south-west of the 
former, seventy- nine north-east of the latter. Lat. 24 42', loug. 
79 26'. 

GOALPARA. District in Assam. Between lat. 25 32' 26 54', and 
long. 89 44' 91. Bounded north by Bhutan, south by the Garo Hills 
district. Area, 3897 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 446,232. The chief rivers 
are the Brahmaputra, with its three tributaries, the Manas, Gadadhar, and 
Sankos. The chief towns are Goalpara, Dhubri, Gauripur, and Lakshmi- 
pur. The administration is conducted by a Deputy Commissioner and 
staff. 

GOALPARA TOWN. Capital (in subdivision of same name) of 
Goalpara district, Assam ; situated on the left bank of the Brahmaputra. 
Lat. 26 11', long. 90 41'. Pop. (1872), 4678. Pop. of subdivision 
(1872), 220,125. 

GOALUNDO. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Faridpur 
district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 8652. Area of subdivision, 425 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 321,485. Also thana. Area, 97 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
84,906. 

GOANEM. Village in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 32. 



298 GOA GOD 

GO AS. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal; 114 miles north of 
Calcutta. Lat. 24 13', long. 88 29'. 

GOAS. Thana in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Area, 157 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 78,423. 

GOA-VELHA. Tillage in Ilhas district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 2005. 

GOBALPIIR. -Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; forty- 
six miles south-west of Gwalior fort. Lat. 25 43', long. 77 57'. 

GOBARDANGA. Town and municipality of Twenty-four Parganas 
district, Bengal ; on the Jamuna. Lat. 22 52' 40", long. 88 47' 55". 
Pop. (1881), 6154. 

GOBARDHAN. Town in Muttra district, KW.P. ; a place of pil- 
grimage; noted for its remains. Lat. 27 29' 55", long. 77 30' 15". 
Pop. (1881), 4944. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 16,774. 

GOB ARDHANGIRL Hill and fortress between Shimoga district, 
Mysore, and North Kanara district, Bombay. Lat. 14 9', long. 74 13'. 
Pop. (1881), 4944. 

GOBINAGAR. Town in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; thirty-two miles 
north-west of Dinajpur. Lat. 25 59', long. 88 27'. 

GOBINDGANJ. Town in Saran district, Bengal ; on the left bank 
of the Gandak river, fifty- two miles north-west of Chapra. Lat. 26 29', 
long. 84 41'. 

GOBINDGANJ. Town in Bogra district, Bengal ; twenty-two miles 
north of the town of Bogra. Lat! 25 10', long. 89 22'. 

GOBINDPITR. Subdivision of Manbhiim district, Bengal. Between 
lat. 22 38' 24 3' 30", long. 86 9' 15" 86 52' 15". Area, 782 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1872), 154,742. 

GOBRA. Tillage in the Sundarbans, .lessor district, Bengal. 

GOBBXA. Town in Bhopal State, Central India Agency ; two miles 
from the left bank of the Betwa river, and eighteen miles south-east from 
Bhopal. Lat. 23 9', long. 77 37'. 

GOCOLDEM. Village in Quepem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 228. 

GODAGAEI. Village in Bajshahi district, Bengal ; on the left 
bank of the Padma or great eastern branch of the Ganges ; on the 
route from Berhampur to Jamalpur, thirty-two miles north-east of the 
former, 151 south-west of the latter, 150 north of Calcutta. Lat. 24 
28', long. 88 21' 33". Also thana. Area, 173 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
43,799. 

GODAIRI. Town in Parla Kimedi State, Madras; 118 miles north 
from Vizagapatam, and eighty-three miles west from Ganjam. Lat. 
19 20', long. 83 51'. 

GODAR DEOTA. Peak and temple in Bashahr State, Punjab ; near 
the left bank of the Pabar. Elevation above the sea, 8605 feet. Lat. 
31 10', long. 77 50'. 

GOD AVARL District of Madras, between lat. 16 15' 17 35', and 
long. 80 55' 82 38'. Area, 6525 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,791,512. 
Bounded on the north by the Central Provinces and Vizagapatam district, 
on the east by Vizagapatam district and the Bay of Bengal, on the south 
by the Bay of Bengal and Kistna district, and on the west by Haidar- 
abad State. The chief rivers are the Godavari and the Saveri. The chief 



GOD GOG 299 

towns are Ell ore, Rajamahendri, Cocanada and Narsapur. The district 
is well supplied with means of communication. 

GODAVARI (GODAVERY). One of the great rivers of India. It 
rises in Nasik district, Bombay ; flows by Ahmednagar district, Bombay, 
into Haidarabad State ; thence into the Upper Godavari district, Centra] 
Provinces, which it separates from the Haidarabad State; thence into 
Godavari district in Madras. It falls into the Bay of Bengal by three 
mouths, of which the largest is near the port of Cocanada. Its length is 
898 miles, the chief tributaries being the Pranhita (formed by the union 
of the Wardha, the Penganga, and the Wainganga), the Indravati, the 
Tal, and the Savari. 

GODDA. Subdivision of Santal Parganas district, Bengal. Between 
lat. 24 30' 25 14', and long. 87 5' 87 38'. Area, 966 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 348,493. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 47,259. 

GODHUL. Town in Haidarabad State ; sixty-nine miles south from 
Haidarabad, and thirty-four miles south-east from Ghanapura. Lat. 1 6 
21', long. 78 37'. 

GODNA (REVELGANJ). Town and municipality in Saran district, 
Bengal. Lat. 2546' 56", long. 84 41' V. Pop. (1881), 12,493. Situated 
just above the junction of the Ganges and Gogra, and built along the 
banks of the latter river. 

GODRA (GODHRA). Town (in subdivision of same name) in Panch 
Mahals district, Bombay; on the route from Nimach to Baroda, 187 
miles south-west of former, fifty-two north-east of latter. Lat. 22 46' 
30", long. 73 40'. Pop. (1881), 13,342. Area of subdivision, 598 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 78,318. 

GOGAON. Tillage in Mirzapur district, KW.P. ; on the right bank 
of the Ganges, thirty-six miles west of the city of Mirzapur, 757 north- 
west of Calcutta by water. Lat. 25 13', long. 82 20'. 

GOGARI (GHTJGRI). River of Nepal State, and Darbhangah, 
Monghyr, Bhagalpur, and Purniah districts, Bengal ; falls into the Kusi, 
on the right side, in lat. 25 24', long. 87 16' ; its total length of course 
being about 235 miles. 

GOGGOT RIVER. River of Kuch Behar State, Rangpur and Bogra 
districts, Bengal ; offset of the Atrai, quitting it a few miles after its 
divergence from the Tista, in lat. 26 19', long. 88 45'. It main- 
tains a south-east direction, and falls into the Brahmaputra, after a total 
course of 145 miles, in lat. 24 55', long. 89 41'. 

GOGHA. Tillage in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; close to the route by 
the Kutra Pass from Allahabad to Rewah, and twenty-nine miles south- 
east of the former. Lat. 25 13', long. 82 13'. 

GOGHA. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Ahmedabad district, 
Bombay. Pop. (1881), 7063. Area of subdivision, 224 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 29,370. 

GOGHAT. Tillage and Station on East Indian Railway, in Burdwan 
district, Bengal. Lat. 22 53' 15", long. 87 44' 50". 

GOGHAT. Thana in Hugli district, Bengal. Area, 146 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 108,884. 

GOGHPUR. Tillage in Karnal district, Punjab ; distant north-west 
from Calcutta, 997 miles. Lat. 30 5', long. 76 49'. 

GOGI. Town in Haidarabad State; 126 miles south-west from 



300 GOG GOH 

Haidarabad, and sixty-eight miles south-east from Bijapur. Lat. 16 43', 
long. 76 49'. 

GOGO. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Ahmedabad district, 
Bombay. Lat. 21 39' 30", long. 72 21'. Pop. (1872), 9571. 

GOGRA. River of Nepal State ; Kheri, Bahraich, Gonda, Bara Banki, 
and Faizabad districts in Oudh ; Basti, Gorakhpur, Azamgarh districts, 
N.W.P. ; and Saran district, Bengal. It is formed by the union of the 
Kauriala, Girwa, Sarju, Chauka, and Dahawar ; and besides these, 
it receives the Muchora and the Rapti. It falls into the Ganges at 
Chapra, in lat. 25 43', long. 84 43' 30", after a course of about 600 
miles. It is the chief river of Oudh. 

GOGRI. Town in Monghyr district, Bengal ; a mile north-east of the 
left bank of the Ganges. Distant north-east from Monghyr ten miles ; 
north-west from Bhagalpur, twenty-seven miles. Lat. 25 25', long. 
86 37'. 

GOGRI. Thana in Monghyr district, Bengal. Area, 719 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 365,954. 

GOGTJLPALLI. Town in Nellore district, Madras ; 138 miles south- 
west of Masulipatam. Lat. 15 17', long. 79 21'. 

GOH. Town in Patna district, Bengal ; thirty miles north-west of 
Sherghati. Lat. 24 58', long. 84 41'. 

GOH. Town in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank of the 
Dhauli river, and sixty-nine miles north-east of Almorah. Lat. 30 15', 
long. 80 35'. 

GOHAD. Town and fort, Gwalior State, Central India. Lat. 26 
25', long. 78 29'. Formerly a place of considerable importance. 

GOHADL Tillage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the town of Bareilly to Almorah, and forty-three miles north of the 
former. Lat. 28 52', long. 79 27'. 

GOHALA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Hansi to Nasirabad, 127 miles south of former, 116 north-east of latter. 
Lat. 27 39', long. 75 43'. 

GOHANA. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Rohtak district, Punjab. Lat. 29 8', long. 76 45'. Pop. (1881), 7444. 
An annual festival is held in this locality. Area of tahsil, 338 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 127,732. 

GOHANUH. See GOHANA. 

GOHAR TTJLAO. Tank or small lake in Karachi district, Sind, 
Bombay ; on the route from Karachi to Sehwan, and thirty-four miles 
north-east of the former place. Lat. 25 5', long. 67 33'. 
' GOHELWAR. State of Kathiawar, See BHAUNAGAE. 
GOHGAT. See GOGHAT. 
GOHILWAR. See BHATJ^AGAE. 
GOHUD. See GOHAD. 

GOHUN. Town in Jalaun district, 1ST.W.P. ; on the route from Jalaun to 
Etawah, thirteen miles north-west of the former. Lat. 26 19', long. 
79 20'. 

GOHURL Tillage in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad cantonment to that of Partabgarh in Oudh, seven miles north 
of the former, twenty-four miles south of the latter. Lat. 25 34', long. 
81 51', 



GOK GOL 301 

GOKAK. Capital (of subdivision of same name) in Belgaum district, 
Bombay. Lat. 16 10', long. 74 52'. Pop. (1881), 10,307. Area of 
subdivision, 671 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 93,029. 

GOKALPURA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 355. 
The Chief pays a yearly tribute of 4 5s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

GOKARN. Town and municipality in North Kanara district, Bombay. 
Pop. (1881), 4207. A great place of pilgrimage; at the fair held 
annually every February as many as 8000 persons assemble together. 
Also thana. Area, 85 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 41,895. 

GOKTJL. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the left or eastern 
bank of the Jumna. Lat. 27 26', long. 77 46' 30". Pop. (1881), 4012. 

GOKTJL. Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; situate at the south- 
eastern extremity of a high and massive ridge rising between the valleys 
of the rivers Tons and Pabar. Elevation above the sea, 7079 feet. Lat. 
31 4', long. 77 57'. 

GOKURNTJM. Town in North Kanara district, Bombay; on the 
coast of the Arabian Sea, or North Indian Ocean. Distance from banga- 
lore, 120 miles. Lat. 14 32', long. 74 22'. 

GOL. Village in Jodhpur State, Eajputana; on the route from Bal- 
mer to the town of Jodhpur, and forty-six miles east of the former. Lat. 
25 52', long. 72 9'. 

GOL. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on the right bank of the 
river Sukri, and seventy-six miles south-west from Jodhpur. Lat. 
25 25', long. 72 29'. 

GOLA. Town in Haizaribagh district, Bengal ; thirty-eight miles 
north-east of Hazaribagh. Lat. 23 34', long. 85 44'. 

GOLA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Kheri district, Oudh. Lat. 
28 4' 40", long. 80 30' 45". Pop. (1869), 2584. Area of tahsil, 1051 
sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 220,921. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 91,639. 

GOLA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 7193. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 71,803. 

GOLABABI. Thana in Howrah district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
23,714. 

GOLAGHAT. Village (in subdivision of same name) in Sibsagar 
district, Assam. Lat. 26 30', long. 94. Pop. (1872), 1615. Pop. of 
subdivision (1872), 76,486. 

GOLAULI. Village in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 130. 

GOLCONDA. Fortress and ruined city in Haidarabad State ; seven 
miles west of the city of Haidarabad. Golconda, in former times, was 
the capital of a large and powerful kingdom of the Dakhan, which arose 
on the dissolution of the Bahmani empire. The fort is in lat. 17 22'- 
long. 78 26' 30". 

GOLCONDA. Town (in taluk of same name) in Vizagapatam district, 
Madras; fifty-six miles south-west of Vizagapatam. Lat. 17 40', long. 
82 31'. Area of taluk, 5009 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 94,782. 

GOLIGAIRA. Town in Mysore State; sixty-seven miles north-east 
from Seringapatam, and 118 miles west from Arcot. Lat. 12 51', long. 
77 38'. 

GOLLAGTTDEM. Village on the Godavari, in Godavari district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 17 39', long. 81 1' 30". 



302 GOL GOX 

GOLONDA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 781. 

GOLRA. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces. Pop. (1881), 
2368. 

GOLTIGONDA. See GOLCONDA. 

GOMAL. Kiver of Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab. It crosses r 
the Sulaiman range abont lat. 32 6' ; and gives name to the Gomal 
Pass (called also the Guleri Pass), the " great middle route" from 
India to Afghanistan and Central Asia, much used by the Povindah 
traders. 

GOMAL (GOMTJL). Tillage in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; 
on the road from Ghazni to Dera Ismail Khan, and forty miles west of 
the latter place. It is situate near the eastern entrance of the Gomal 
Pass, and on the river or torrent of the same name. Lat. 31 58', long. 
70 8'. 

GOMASHTAPTTR. Thana in Maldah district, Bengal. Area, 170 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 52,810. 

GOMATI. River of Kangra district, Punjab ; rising in lat. 32 2', 
long. 77 34', in Kullu, and, flowing in a south-westerly direction for 
fifty-five miles, falls into the Beas river near the village of Hurla, in lat. 
31 49', long. 77 12'. 

GOMBELA (TOCHI). River of Bannu district, Punjab ; rising in 
lat. 32 53', long. 70 I', on the eastern slope of the Sulaiman range of 
mountains, and, flowing easterly for about 100 miles, falls into the Indus 
near the village of Kafar Kot, in lat. 32 30', long. 71 20'. 

GOMUL. See GOMAL. 

GONDA. Town in the Central Provinces, on the route from Jabalpur 
to Sirguja, 100 miles east of the former. Lat. 23 2', long. 81 35'. 

GONDA. District in the Faizabad division, Oudh ; between lat. 
26 46' 27 50', and long. 81 35' 82 48'. Area, 2881 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 1,270,926. Bounded on the north by the Nepal State, 
on the east by Basti district, on the south by Faizabad and Bara Banki 
district, and on the west by Bahraich district. The chief rivers are the 
Buri Rapti, Rapti, Suwawan, Kuwana, Sarju, and Gogra. The towns 
are Gonda, Balrampur, Colonelganj, and Nawabgang. There are several 
good roads in the district. The administration is in the hands of a 
Deputy Commissioner, with the usual staff. 

GONDA. Tahsil of Gonda district, Oudh. Bounded on the north by 
Bahraich and Balrampur tahsils, on the east by Utraula tahsil, on the 
south by Begamganj tahsil, and on the west by Hisampur and Bahraich 
tahsils. Area, 632 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 351,185. 

GONDA. Pargana (in tahsil of same name), Gonda district, Oudh. 
JBounded on the north by the Kuwana river, which divides it from 
Balrampur and Utraula parganas ; on the east by Sadullanagar and 
Manikpur ; on the south by Mahadewa, Digsar, Guwarich, and Paharpur 
parganas ; and on the west by Bahraich district. Area, 509 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 275,925. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 120,857. 

GONDA. Town (in tahsil of same name) and capital of Gonda district, 
Oudh. Lat. 27 7' 30", long. 82. Pop. (1881), 13,743. 

GONDA. Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; two miles from Bela, 
on the road from Allahabad to Faizabad. Lat. 25 59', long. 82 3'. 



N GOO 303 

Pop. (1869), 2063. Two fairs are held annually in honour of the 
tutelary goddess, Asht Bhuji Devi, each attended by about 2500 
people. 

GONDAGHAON. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces ; 
on the route from Bhopal to Aurungabad, fifty-two miles south-west ot 
the former. Lat. 22 31', long. 77 10'. 

GONDAH. Thana in Aligarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
40,242. 

GONDAL. State in Kathiawar, Bombay. Area, 687 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 135,604. The State pays a tribute of 11,218 in all to tho 
British Government, the Gaekwar of Baroda, and the Nawab of Junagarh. 
The Chief, who is entitled to a salute of nine guns, maintains a force of 
198 cavalry, and 659 infantry and police, with sixteen cannon. 

GONDAL. Capital (in State of same name) in Kathiawar, Bombay 
Lat. 21 57' 30", long. 70 53'. Pop. (1881), 13,123. 

GONDALLL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 39. 
GONDERDEHI. Chiefship in Raipur district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 77 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 19,927. 

GONDIBASAVANAHALLI. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. 
(1881), 38. 

GOND-TJMRI. State in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Area, 
28 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2722. 

GONDWANA. The land of the Gond race, an extensive, imperfectly- 
defined tract of Central India. It may, however, be considered as lying 
between lat. 19 50' 24 30', long. 77 38' 87 20'. Comprising a 
large portion of the Central Provinces, with parts of Chutia Nagpur 
and Orissa in Bengal. 

GONDWARA. Town in Purniah district, Bengal. Pop. about 1500. 
Lat. 25 30', long. 87 22'. Also thana. Area, 421 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 123,945. 

GONIMARUR. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 94. 
GONKOR. River of Nepal State, and Purniah and Maldah districts, 
Bengal ; formed by the junction of the Ponna and the Mui ; it falls into 
the Ganges near the town of Deatpur, in lat. 25 10', long. 87 5 1 7 . 

GON MYTI. Town in Amherst district, British Burma ; fifty-five 
miles south-east of Maulmain. Lat. 16 2', long. 98 23'. 

GONSAINTHAN. Peak of the Himalaya Mountains, between Nepal 
and Thibet. Altitude 24,700 feet above the sea. Lat. 28 20', long. 
86. 

GONTELI. Tillage in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 42. 

GOONA (GOONAH, GTJNA). The Goona Agency is a part of tho 
Central India Agency ; and includes the Raghugarh and Parone States. 
GOORGAON. See GUEGAON. 
GOORIATTUM. See GUDIATHAM. 

GOOTY (GUTI). Town in Bellary district, Madras ; consisting of a 
cluster of fortified hills, nearly surrounding a lower fort and native town ; 
and outside the chain of fortified summits are the military cantonment 
and another pettah or town. The summits of the inclosing rocks aro 
connected by a rampart, and the access to the town within is through 
two openings, secured by fortified gateways. Elevation of highest 



304 GOP 

summit above the plain, 989 feet, above the sea, 2171. Distance from 
cantonment of Bellary, forty-eight miles; from Bangalore, north, 146; 
Madras, north-west, 215. Lat. 15 6' 53", long. 77 41' 32". Pop. 
(1881), 5373. 

GOP. Thana in Puri district, Bengal. Area, 337 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 116,167. 

GOPALGANJ. Town in Faridpur district, Bengal; on the Madhumati 
river, ninety-nine miles east-north-east of Calcutta. Lat. 23 0' 22", 
long. 89 52'. Pop. (1870), 2000. Also thana. Area, 171 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 85,341. 

GOPALGANJ. Town in Jessor district, Bengal; ninety-two miles 
east-north-east of Calcutta. Lat. 23 I 7 , long. 89 48'. 

GOPALGANJ. Subdivision, Saran district, Bengal. Area, 771 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 545,066. Also thana. Area, 358 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 260,385. 

GOPALGARH. Town in Bhartpur State, Eajputana; on the route 
from Muttra to Firozpur, forty miles north-west of the former, twelve 
south-east of latter. Lat. 27 40', long. 77 7'. 

GOP ALNAGAR. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal. Lat. 23 3' 50", 
long. 88 48' 40". Centre of trade. 

GOPALPTJK. Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; close to the left 
side of the route from Muttra to Bhartpur, thirteen miles north-east 
of the latter. Lat. 27 21', long. 77 39'. 

GOP ALPTJR. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank 
of the Ganges, 898 miles from Calcutta by the river; eighty-eight miles 
above Allahabad, and twelve miles north-east of the town of Fatehpur. 
Lat. 26 2', long. 81 1'. 

GOP ALPTJR,. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Azamgarh to Gorakhpur cantonment, twenty-eight miles north of 
the former, thirty-three south of the latter. Lat. 26 20', long. 83 20'. 

GOP ALPTTR. Village in Benares district, KW.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Ganges, sixteen miles north-west of Mirzapur, or higher up the 
stream; 737 north-west of Calcutta by the river route. Lat. 25 15', 
long. 82 26'. 

GOP ALPTJR. Town in Ganjam district, Madras; distant five miles 
south-eastof Berhampur. Lat. 1921'5", long. 85 1'. Pop. (1881), 2675. 

GOP ALPTJR. Pargana in Azamgarh district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
49,844. 

GOP ALPTJR Thana in Maimansinh district, Bengal. Area, 361 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 217,736. 

GOP ALPTJR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; forty- 
six miles south-west of Gwalior fort. Lat. 25 43', long. 77 37'. 

GOPALPTJRA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 129. 

GOPALSWAMI-BETTA. Peak of the Western Ghats, Mysore 
district, Mysore State; 4500 feet above the sea. Lat. 11 43' 20", long. 
76 37' 45". On the summit stands a temple of Vishnu, attended by two 
Brahmans, at which a car festival is held annually. 

GOPAMATJ. Town (in pargana of same name) in Hardoi district, 
Oudh ; situate two miles south-west of the left bank of the Gumti. Lat. 
27 32', long. 80 19' 40". Pop. (1881), 5374. Area of pargana, 328 
,sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 130,786. 



GOP G OR 305 

GOPI. Tillage in Ali'garh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Mainpuri, and twenty miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
27 45', long. 78 23'. 

GOPIBALLABPUR. Town in Midnapur district, Bengal; twenty- 
nine miles south-west of Midnapur. Lat. 22 11', long. 87'. Also thana. 
Area, 516 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 139,928. 

GOPIGANG. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W P. Pop. (1881), 
4622. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 95,169. 

GOPIGANJ. Village in Etawah district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the cantonment of Etawah to Lucknow, and eleven miles east of Etawah. 
Lat. 26 47', long. 79 16'. 

GOPIGANJ. Town in Eenares district, NAT.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Benares to that of Allahabad, thirty-five miles west of the 
former, thirty-nine south-east of the latter. Lat. 25 16', long. 82 
30'. 

GOPTTT (GOP AT). River in Korea State, Chutia Mgpur, Bengal ; 
falls into the Son, on the right or southern side, in lat. 24 33', long. 
82 26'. 

GORA. Town in Tanna district, Bombay; fifty miles north by east 
of Bombay. Lat. 19 39', long. 73 6'. 

GORA. Tillage in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the right bank of 
the Ganges, twenty-one miles north-west of the city of Mirzapur, or 
hi-her up the stream. Lat. 25 12', long. 82 24'. 

GORA. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Lat. 26 33', long. 
83 50' 30". Pop. (1872), 5482. 

GORA. Tillage in Bashahr State, Punjab ; on the route from Ram- 
pur to Siran, and six miles north-east of the former town. Elevation 
above the sea, 6042 feet. Lat. 31 28', long. 77 45'. 

GORA. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; seven miles from the 
left bank of the Jumna, twenty-six miles west of the town of Fatehpur. 
Lat. 25 59', long. 80 29'. 

GORABAZAR. Town in Murshidabad district, Bengal ; a suburb of 
Barhampur. Lat. 24 5' 15", long. 88 17' 15". Area, 23 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 20,726. An annual fair held here is attended by upwards 
of 20,000 people. 

GORABI. River of Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; one of the 
mouths of the Indus, discharging its waters about fifty miles south-west 
of Tatta, in lat. 24 20', long. 67 21'. 

GORAGOT (GHORAGHAT). Town and ruined city in Dinajpur 
district, Bengal ; situate on the Karatoya river. The city, at the time of 
its greatness, extended eight or ten miles in length and about two in 
width, but appears to have been at all times built in a straggling manner. 
Distant south-east from the town of Dinajpur forty-eight miles. Lat. 
25 15', long. 89 20'. 

GORAI. Town (in pargana of 'same name) in Aligarh district, N.W.P. 
Lat. 27 42', long. 77 54'. Pop. of pargana (1881), 45,927. 

GORAI RIVER. See GAK!I. 

GORAJAMAN. Pargana in Sultanpur district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
47,749. 

GORAKHGHAT. Chiefship in Chhindwara district, Central Pro- 
vinces. Area, 9 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 564. 

20 



306 GOR 

GORAKHNATH. Tillage in Patiala State, Punjab; on the route 
from Pinjaur to Malaun, and twelve miles north-west of the former 
place. Lat. 30 54', long. 76 54'. 

GORAKHPUR. Village in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from the cantonment of Bareilly to that of Fatehgarh, and eight 
miles north-east of the latter. Lat. 27 28', long. 79 41'. 

GORAKHPUR. District in the Benares division, N.W.P. ; between 
lat. 26 5' 15" 27 28' 45", and long. 83 7' 84 29'. Area, 4598 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 2,617,120. Bounded on the north by Nepal State, 
on the east by Champaran and Saran districts, on the south by the river 
Gogra, and on the west by Basti and Faizabad districts. The chief rivers 
are the Rapti, the Gogra, the Great Gandak, and the Little Gandak. 
The chief towns are Gorakhpur, Golah, Gora, and Pena. The means of 
communication are still much undeveloped. The administrative staff 
consists of a Collector-Magistrate, two Joint Magistrates, and one Deputy 
Magistrate. 

GORAKHPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. ; situate on the ' Rapti, in lat. 26 44' 8", 
long. 82 23' 44". Pop. (1881), 57,922, irrespective of the cantonment, 
which numbers (1881) 1986. Area of tahsil, 654 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 416,293. 

GORAKHPUR CITY. Thana in district of same name, N.W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 198,006. 

GORARPARA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. 
Pop. (1881), 61. 

GORATJ. Village in Etawah district, KW.P. ; on the route from the 
cantonment of Agra to that of Etawah, and twenty miles north-west of 
the latter. Lat. 25 59', long. 78 51'. 

GORBARI. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 34. 

GORBUNJI (GARBUNJI). Town in Kalahandi State, Central Pro- 
vinces ; 153 miles north by west from Vizagapatam, and 153 miles west 
by north from Ganjam. Lat. 19 50', long. 82 51'. 

GORDHANPUR. Pargana in Muzaffarnagar district, KW.P. Pop. 
11,870. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 11,629. 

GOREGRAM. Town in Rangpur district, Bengal. Pop. (1881), 
9616. 

GORI-BIDNUR. Village (in taluk of same name) in Kolar district, 
Mysore ; on the left bank of the North Pinakini river, fifty-six miles 
north-west of Kolar. Lat. 13 37', long. 77 32' 50'. Pop. (1871), 
1454. Area of taluk, 150 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 36,501. 

GORIGANGA (GORIGUNGA). River of Kumaun district, KW.P. ; 
one of the most considerable feeders of the Gogra river, rising about 
twelve miles from the southern base of the Anta Dhara Pass, lat. 30 34', 
long. 80 16'; falls into the Kali in lat. 29 45', long. 80 25'. 

GORIHAR (GOURIAR). See GAUEIH!R. 

GORINDA PARSANDAN. Pargana of IJnao district, Oudh. Area, 
44 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 20,987. 

GORJHAMAR. Town in Sagar district, Central Provinces. Pop, 
(1881), 2498. 

GORKHA. See GUKKH!. 



GOR GOV 307 

GORPANI. Chiefship In Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 18 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2263. 

GORPUR. Town in Lakhimpur district, Assam ; forty miles south- 
west of Lakhimpur. Lat. 26 53', long. 93 39'. 

GORTJH (GORA). Town in Meerut district, KW.P. Lat. 28 49', 
long. 77 56'. 

GORUH (GORA). Tillage in Budaun district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Agra to Bareilly, and sixty-six miles north-east of the former. Lat. 
27 50', long. 78 45'. 

GOSAINGANJ. Village in Lucknow district, Oudh ; on the 
route from Lucknow cantonment to Partabgarh, twenty miles south- 
east of the former, and ninety miles north-west of the latter. Pop. 
(1881), 2923. Lat. 26 42', long. 81 8'. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
58,581. 

GOSTANADI. Sacred river of Godavari district, Madras. 

GOSTHANL River of Vizagapatam district, Madras. 

GOTARDI. State of Rewa Kantha, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute 
of 42 to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

GOTI (GOTEH). Town in Jamkhandi State, Bombay ; eighty-six 
miles north-east from Belgaum, and 163 miles south-east by south from 
Poonah. Lat. 16 41', long. 78 46'. 

GOTILAL Village in Mainpuri district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
the cantonment of Alfgarh to Mainpuri, and twenty-nine miles north-west 
of the latter. Lat, 27 30', long. 78 46'. 

GOTKI. Village in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay; on the route 
from Sabzalkot to Shikarpur, and thirty-four miles west of the former 
place. It is situate six miles from the left bank of the Indus. Lat. 
28 2', long. 69 20'. 

GOTRA. State in Rewa Kantha, Bombay. Area, 2 sq. miles. 

GOTRA. Town in Gwalior State, Central Indian Agency ; eighty- 
three miles south-west by west from Gwalior, and ninety-nine miles west 
by north from Jhansi. Lat. 25 39', long. 77 5'. 

GOTTARATJ (STJRDHAR GHUR). Fort in Khairpur State, Sind, 
Bombay ; on the route from Rohri to Jaisalmir, and fifty miles north-west 
of the latter place. Lat. 27 16', long. 70 4'. 

GOTJR. See GAUE. 

GOURIAR. See GAUEIHAE. 

GOVARDANGERRI. See GOBAEDH!N-GIEI. 

GOVARDHAN. Town in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; fifteen miles west 
of Muttra. Lat. 27 30', long. 77 32'. 

GOVINDAPURAM. Town in Godavari district, Madras ; eighty-two 
miles south-west of Vizagapatam. Lat. 17 14', long. 82 14'. 

GO VINDGANJ. Thana in Rangpur district, Bengal. Area, 351 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 189,027. 

GOVINDGANJ. Thana in Champaran district, Bengal. Area, 272 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 165,062. 

GOVINDGARH. Fortress close to Amritsar, in the Amritsar district, 
Punjab. Lat. 31 40', long. 74 45'. 

GOVINDPUR. Subdivision, Manbhum district, Bengal. Area, 803 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 196,584. Also thana. Area. 278 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 58,090. 



308 GOY GUD 

GOVINDPUR. Town in Amritsar district, Punjab ; situated on the 
right bank of the river Beas, eighty-five miles east by north of the town 
of Lahore. Lat. 31 44', long. 75 33'. 

GOWAN. Thana in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Area, 432 sq_. 
miles. Pop. (1181), 53,375. 

GOW GHAT. See GATJGHAT. 

GOWHA. See GAUHX. 

GOWHATTY. See GATJHATI. 

GOWNDUL. See GONDAL. 

GOWRA. See GORA. 

GRAM. Town in Mysore State ; fifty miles north-west from Seringa- 
patam, and ninety-four miles east from Mangalore. Lat. 1 2 59', long. 76 1 1'. 

GRAMANG (GRAMUNG). Village in Bashahr State, Punjab. 
Elevation above the sea, 9174 feet. Lat. 31 33', long. 78 33'. Pop. 
(1881), 5084. 

GRINGAVARPTJKOTA Town in Vizagapatam district, Madras; 
eighteen miles west of Vizianagram. Lat. 18 6', long. 83 13'. 

GUARANTEED BHTJRMI ATS. States in Central India Agency. 
Pop. (1881), 36,336. 

GTTASTJBA. River of Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; one of 
the channels by which the waters of the Ganges flow into the sea. Its 
mouth is in lat. 21 38', long. 88 54'. 

GTJBBI. Town and municipality in Tumkur district, Mysore. Lat. 
13 18' 40", long. 76 58' 30". Pop. (1871), 3714. 

GTIBTJT. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute of 
4 to the Raja of Edar. Pop. (1875), 1225. 

GTJDALUR. Pass in Travancore State, Madras ; between Madura and 
Travancore. Gudalur village is situated in lat. 11 9', long. 77. 

GTJDALUS. Town in Malabar district, Madras; eighty-one miles 
south-east of Cannanore. Lat. 11 30', long. 76 35'. 

GITDARI. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces; 168 miles 
east from Nagpur, and eighty-one miles south from Ratanpur. Lat. 21 
8', long. 81 59'. 

GUDDADA. See GADADHAR. 

GUDDEHOSTTR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 111. 

GTJDDRA. See GADRA. 

GTIDHA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana ; on the route from Delhi 
to the city of Jaipur, thirty-nine miles north-east of latter. It is situate 
among isolated rocky hills, rising abruptly from a barren sandy plain. 
Lat. 27 4', long. 76 31'. 

GITDHA. Town in Bundi State, Rajputana; ninety-seven miles 
south-east from A j mere, and ten miles south-west from Bundi. Lat. 
25 20', long. 75 39'. 

GUDHA. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; sixty- six miles north- 
west from Jaipur, and nineteen miles south-east from Jhunjnu. Lat. 27 
50', long. 75 40'. 

GUDHANUH (GUDH AN A). Village in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. ; 
distance south from Delhi forty-five miles. Lat. 28, long. 77' 25'. 

GTJDIATHAM. Town (in taluk of same name) in North Arcot 
district, Madras. Station on the Madras Railway. Lat. 12 57' 20", 
long. 78 54' 40". Pop. (1881), 10,641. Pop. of taluk (1871), 162,980. 



GTJD-GUJ 309 

GTJDIBANDA. Tillage and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Kolar district, Mysore. Lat. 13 41', long. 77 44' 35". Pop. (1871), 
2909. Area of taluk, 220 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 44,233. 

GUDIKOTTA. Town in Bellary district, Madras; distance from 
Chitaldrug, north-east, forty-four miles ; from Bellary, south-west, thirty. 
Lat. 14 50', long. 76 42'. 

GTJDIVADA. Taluk in Kistna district, Madras. Pop. (1871), 87,138. 
GUDIVADA. Town in Masulipatam district, Madras; twenty-two 
miles north-west of Masulipatam. Lat. 16 27', long. 81 3'. 
GTJDJUNTURGTTRH. See GAJENDKAGAD. 

GUDRAULI (CHUK BHAN). Tillage inFatehpur district, l^.W.P.; 
on the route from CawnDore to Fatehpur, and twenty-three miles north- 
west of the latter. Lat* 26 8', long. 80 38' 

GUDTIH (GUDA). Town in Sirsa district, Punjab; on the route 
from Hansi to Faridkot, seventy-two miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 29 42', long. 75 6'. 

GIIDTIR. Town in Haidarabad State ; thirty miles north from 
Haidarabad, and 165 miles east from Sholapur. Lat. 17 46', long. 
78 25'. 

GUDTJR. Town (in taluk of same name) in Nellore district, Madras. 
Lat. 14 8' 43", long. 79 53 30'. Pop. (1881), 4862. Area of taluk, 
817 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 147,141. 

GTJDUR. Town in Karnul district, Madras. Lat. 15 43', long. 78 C 
34' 40". Pop. (1871), 5825. 

GUGAL. Town in Tonk State, Eajputana j on the left bank of the 
Parvati river, and 137 miles north-west from Sagar. Lat. 24 43', long. 
76 51'. 

GUGERA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Montgomery district, 
Punjab. Lat. 30 58', long. 73 21'. Pop. (1868), 2114. Area of 
tahsil, 1498 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 99,200. 
GTIGGTJR. See GHAGGAE. 
GTJHMUR. See GAHMAE. 

GTJHY A. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 356. 
GUINDY. Tillage in Chengalpat district, Madras. Lat. 13, long. 
80 16'. Pop. (1871), 828. A suburb of Madras city. 

GUIRIM. Tillage in Bardez district, Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 
4011. 

GUJA. Town in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay; on the route from 
Karachi to Tatta, and ten miles west of the latter town ; on a navigable 
creek debouching into the Indian Ocean, close to Karachi. Lat. 24 
44', long. 67 48'. 

GUJAINLL Tillage in Bashahr State, Punjab. Lat. 31 8', long. 
77 42'. 

GUJANGARH. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal; fifty-five miles 
north-east of Puri. Lat. 20 14', long. 86 36'. 

GUJ AREAS. Tillage in Ulwar State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Mhow cantonment to Delhi, and eighty-eight miles south-west of the 
latter. Lat. 27 50', long. 76 22'. 

GTJJAR KHAN. Tahsil of Rawal Pindi district, Punjab; between 
lat. 33 4' 33 26', and long. 72 59' 73 39' 30". Area, 565 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 133,396. 



310 GTJJ GUL 

GUJARAT. See GUZEBAT. 

GUJELHATTI (GAJELHATTI).-See GAZZALHITHI. 

GUJERANWALA. See GUJRANWILA. 

GUJPUR. Town in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
4302. 

GUJRANWALA. District in the Lahore division, Punjab ; between 
lat. 31 32' 32 33', and long. 73 11' 30" 74 28' 15". Area, 2587 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 616,892. Bounded on the north-west by the 
river Chenab ; on the south and south-east by the districts of Jhang and 
Lahore ; and on the east by the district of Sialkot. The chief towns are 
Gujranwala, Wazirabad and Ramnagar. Its chief river is the Chenab. 
The Northern State Railway traverses the district, which is also well 
supplied with roads. The administration is conducted by a Deputy- 
Commissioner and staff. 

GUJRANWALA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Gujranwala 
district, Punjab. Station on the Northern State Railway. Lat. 32 9' 
30", long. 74 14'. Pop. (1881), 22,884. Area of tahsil, 770 sq. miles 
Pop. (1881), 250,720. 

GUJRAT. District in the Rawal Pindi division, Punjab ; between 
lat. 32 10' 30" 33, and long. 73 20' 74 31'. Area, 1973 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 689,115. Bounded on the north-east by Kashmir State; 
on the north-west by the river Jhelum ; on the west by Shahpur district ; 
and on the south-east by the rivers Tavi and Chenab. The chief rivers are 
the Jhelum and Chenab. The chief towns are Gujrat, Jalalpur, Kunjah, 
and Dinga. The Northern State Railway passes through the district. 

GUJRAT. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Gujrat district, Punjab. Lat. 32 34' 30", long. 74 7' 15". Pop. (1881), 
18,743. Area of tahsil, 552 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 297,040. 

GUJRAT. Town in Muzaffargarh district, N.W.P. ; thirty-one miles 
west of Multan. Lat. 30 8', long. 71'. 

GUJURU (GUJRU). Fort in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on a ridge 
of the Sub-Himalaya ; three miles to the right of the route, by the course 
of the Ramganga (Western), from Moradabad to Almora, eighty miles 
by route north-east of the former, twenty-six west of the latter. Lat. 
29 35', long. 79 16'. 

GUJURU- WALLA (GUJERA-WALA). See GUJRINW^LA. 

GUL A. River of Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; rising in lat. 29 23', 
long. 79 44'. It receives the drainage of Naini Tal, and some smaller 
lakes ; and joins the Ramganga on the left side of that stream, in lat. 28 
17', long. 79 27'. 

GULACHIPPA. Thana in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Area, 294 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 59,037. 

GULAIRI. See GOMAL PASS. 

GULAOTHI. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
5404. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 58,385. 

GULARIHA. Town in Unao district, Oudh; thirty-six miles from 
TJnao town, and sixteen from Purwa. Lat. 26 24', long. 81 1'. Pop. 
(1869), 4123. 

GULBARGA. District in Haidarabad State. Area, 4011 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 470,425. 

GULBARGA. -Town in Haidarabad State. Pop. (1881), 22,834. 



GUI GTJM 311 

GULEDGTJD. Town and municipality in Kaladgi district, Bombay ; 
situated twenty-two miles south-east of Kaladgi, and nine miles north- 
east of Badami. Lat. 16 3', long. 75 50'. Pop. (1881), 10,649. 

GTILELI. Village in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 105. 

GTILER. Town in Gurdaspur district, Punjab ; on the right bank of 
the river Beas, 126 miles east by north of the town of Lahore. Lat. 31 
57', long. 76 12'. 

GTILERL See GOMAL. 

GULGAOM PIMPRALLA. Town in Khandesh district, Bombay. 
Lat. 21, long. 75 37'. 

GTJLIUM. Town in Bellary district, Madras; on the right bank of 
the Hugri, and nineteen miles north-east of Bellary. Lat. 15 20', long. 
77 9'. 

GUILTJ RIVER. River of Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; one of 
the numerous channels by which the waters of the Indus flow into 
the sea. It leaves the parent stream in lat. 24 28', long. 67 54', and, 
pursuing a south-westerly direction for fifty miles, reaches the sea, under 
the name of the Hujamri, in lat. 24 8', long. 67 26'. 

GTTLSAKHALI. Thana in Bakarganj district, Bengal. Area, 511 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 98,732. 

GTILTILEM. Tillage in Sanguelim district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 311. 

GIILTIRIA. Village in Kheri district, Oudh ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Lucknow, fifty-eight miles south-east of the former, ninety- 
eight north-west of the latter. Lat. 28 1', long. 80 14'. 

GTJLTJRIA. Village in Moradabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the town of Moradabad to Meerut, and twenty-two miles west 
of the former. Lat. 28 54', long. 78 31'. 

GtlLZARGANJ. Thana in Allahabad district. Pop. (1881), 48,381. 

GTILZARGANJ. Town in Jaunpur district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Jaunpur cantonment, fifty-three miles north-east of 
the former, and thirteen miles west of the latter. Lat. 25 44', long. 
82 34'. 

GTIMA. Town in Hazaribagh district, Bengal; thirty-three miles 
north of Hazaribagh. Lat. 24 25', long. 85 35'. 

GTIMA. River of Kathiawar, and of Ahmedabad district, Bombay ; 
rising in lat. 22 18', long. 71 30', falls into the Gulf of Cambay, in lat. 
22 3', long. 72 17'. 

GTIMA. See DWARS, EASTERN. 

GTIMANL Part of the Atrai river. 

GTIMANI. River of the Santal Parganas district, Bengal ; flows into 
the Ganges near Mahadeonagar. 

GTIMANTIR. Town in Bellary district, Madras; twenty-three miles 
east of Bellary. Lat. 15 10', long. 77 19'. 

GUM AH. Village in Mandi State, Punjab ; on the southern slope of 
the Himalaya. There is here a mine of rock-salt. Lat. 31 57', long. 
76 24'. 

GTIMBADI. Town in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; fourteen miles 
south of Tatta. Lat. 24 33', long. 67 57'. 

GTIMBHIR (EASTERN). River of Indore State, Central Indian 



312 

Agency ; rises on the north side of the Vindhya range, seven miles south- 
east of the cantonment of Mhow, in lat. 22 30', long. 75 54'. It 
holds a course generally northerly for ahout seventy-five miles, and falls 
into the Sipra on the right side, in lat. 23 26', long. 75 42'. 

GUMBHIR (WESTERN), or WAG. River of Udaipur State, Raj- 

Eutana ; rises in lat. 24 20', long. 74 40', and, holding a course of 
)rty-five miles, in a direction generally north-westerly, falls into the 
river Beris on the right side, ahout half a mile west of Chittor, in lat. 
24 53', long. 74 44'. 

GTTMBHIRA. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Gorakhpur, fifteen miles north-north-east of the 
former. Lat. 25 39', long. 82 4'. 

GUMGAON. Town in JSlgpur district, Central Provinces ; situated 
on the Wana river, twelve miles south of Nagpur town. Lat. 21 1', 
long. 79 2' 30". Pop. (1881), 2712. 

GUMGAON. Town in Betul district, Central Provinces ; fifty-nine 
miles south-west of Hoshangabad. Lat. 22 5', long. 77 9'. 

GUMGAON. A town in the native state of Bhutan; fifty-seven miles 
north-west from Nowgong, and forty-eight miles north-north-east from 
Gauhati. Lat. 26 47', long. 92 3'. 

GUMGONG. See GFMGAO*. 

GUMHIRPUR. See GAMIRPTJR. 

GUMI. Town in Parla Kimedi State, Ganjam district, Madras ; fifty- 
four miles north from Ganjam, and sixty -six miles north-west from Puri. 
Lat. 20 10', long. 84 58'. 

GUMLA. Town in Singhbhum district, Bengal ; 106 miles south 
from Hazaribagh, and 111 miles west from Midnapur. Lat. 22 30, 
long. 85 41'. 

GUMMANAKOLLI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 
184. 

GUMNAIGPOLIAM. Town in Mysore State; 128 miles north-east 
from Seringapatam, and 117 miles north-west by west from Arcot. Lat. 
13 50', long. 77 59'. 

GUMN AY AK AN -PALYA. Tillage (in taluk of same name) in Kolar 
district, Mysore. Lat. 13 48' 15", long. 77 58' 10". Pop. (1871), 239. 
Area of taluk, 342 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 48,600. 

GUMP APUL. Town in Bhutan State ; two miles from the left bank 
of the Monas, and ninety-five miles north by west from Gauhati. Lat. 
27 30', long. 91 34'. 

GUMSALL See GAMSALI. 

GUMSAR. Town (in taluk of same name), Ganjam district, Madras; 
Lat. 19 50', long. 84 42'. Pop. (1871), 2319. Pop. of taiuk (1871), 
158,061. 

GUMTL River of Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. ; Kheri, Lucknow, 
and Sultanpur districts, Oudh; and Jaunpur and Benares districts, 
N.W.P. It rises in lat. 28 37', long. 80 7'; and falls into the Ganges 
in lat. 25 31', long. 83 13'. Length of course about 500 miles. 

GUMTL River of Hill Tipperah State, and Tipperah district, Bengal; 
rising in lat. 23 43', long. 92 24', and falling into the Brahmaputra in 
lat. 23 32', long. 90 42'*. 

GUNA. See GOONA. 



313 

GUN A Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency; 135 miles 
from Gwalior, and 185 from Mhow. Lat. 24 40', long. 77 20'. 

GUNAI. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Almora to Srinagar, and thirty-six miles north-west of the former. It is 
situate near the river Eamganga. Lat. 29 50', long. 79 20'. 

GUNAISGARH. See GANESGAKH. 

GUN AS Pass in Himalayan range, Punjab. Lat. 31 21', long. 
78 13'. Elevation of the crest, 16,026 feet above sea-level. 

GUNAUR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Budaun district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Bulandshahr to Budaun, forty-four miles 
north-west of the latter. Pop. (1881), 4920. Lat. 28 15', long. 78 30'. 
Pop. of tahsi'l (1881), 117,535. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 62,432. 

GUNBHUR. See GAME HAH. 

GUNCA. Village in Nagar-Aveli district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 160. 

GUND. State in the Punjab; between lat. 31 4' 31 15', and long. 
770 22' 77 32'. Area, three sq. miles. Pop. 1000. 

GUNDAGOL. Town in Kistna district, Madras ; forty- six miles 
north-east of Masulipatam. Lat. 16 49', long. 81 20'. 

GUNDALUR (GUNDLUR). Town in Cuddapah district, Madras; 
forty-seven miles south of Cuddapah. Lat, 13 50', long. 78 52'. 

GUNDAMORLA BAR. An opening into the sea about two miles 
south of the Gundlakamina river, in Nellore district, Madras. Lat. 
15 31', long. 80 16' 30". 

GUNDAR. Eiver in Madura district, Madras, falling into the sea at 
Kilkarai, lat. 9 8', long. 78 30' 32". 

GUNDARDIHL State in Baipur district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
20 56' 30", long. 81 20' 30". 

GUNDAU. Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the city of Agra to Bareilly, and twenty-six miles north-east of the 
former. Lat. 27 26', long. 78 20'. 

GUNDEVL See GANDEVI. 

GUNDI. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; on the right bank of a 
branch of the river Pir Panjal, and eighty-nine miles north-east from 
"Wazirabad. Lat. 33 43', long. 74 24'. 

GUNDIALI. State in Kathiawar, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute 
of 140 to the British Government. 

GUNDLAKAMMA. Eiver of Cuddapah, Nellore, and Kistna districts, 
Madras ; rising in lat. 15 40', long. 75 49', falls into the Bay of Bengal 
thirteen miles west of the town of Ongole, in lat. 15 33', long. 80 18'. 

GUNDLAMAU. Pargana of Sitapur district, Oudh. Bounded on the 
north by Machhrehta and Kurauna parganas ; on the east by the Sarayan 
river; and on the south and west by the Gumti river. Area, 65 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1869), 20,220. 

GUNDLAPETTA. See GTJNDLFPET. 

GUNDLUPET. Village (in taluk of same name) in Mysore district, 
Mysore. Lat. 11 50', long. 76 44'. Pop. (1871), 1000. Area of 
taluk, 539 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 58,529. 

GUNDRI. Town in Baroda State ; three miles from the right bank of 
the Banas river, and twenty-six miles north-east from Disa. Lat. 24 
32', long. 72 17'. 



314 GUN GTJE 

GUNDTTCK, SALAGRA, or NARAYANL See GANDAK. 

GTJNDUMRI. Town in Bhandara district, Central Provinces ; sixty- 
eight miles east from Nagpur, and sixty-seven miles south-east from 
Seoni. Lat. 21 11', long. 80 12'. 

GTTNDUS (GTJNDOTTS, GTINDOSE). Town in Jodhpur State, Bajpu- 
tana; on the route from Nasirabad to Disa, and 120 miles south-west of 
the former. Lat. 25 39', long. 73 31'. 

GTTNDWA. Pargana of Hardoi district, Oudh ; bounded on the 
north and east by the Gumti ; on the south by Malihabad ; and on the 
west by Sandila and Kalyanmal. Area, 140 sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 
56,871. 

GTINGA BAL. See GANG! BAL. 

GTJNGAPTJR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. Pop. 
(1881), 5590, 

GUNGARAMPUR. Thana in Dinajpur district, Bengal. Area, 263 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 74,491. 

GUNGAVTJLLL See GANGIWALLI. 

GUNGERTJ. See GAiraiBtf. 

GUNGHTTN. See GANGA*. 

GUNGOH. See GANGOH. 

GUNGOLI HATH. See GANGTTLI HATH. 

GUNI. Taluk in Haidarabad district, Sind, "Bombay ; situated between 
lat. 24 30' 25 13', and long. 68 19' 68 50'. Area, 989 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1872), 59,971. 

GTJNIR. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; a mile from the right 
bank of the Jumna, sixteen miles direct north-west of the town of Fateh- 
pur. Lat. 26 5', long. 80 44'. 

GUNISH BITL. See GANES BAL. 

GTJNJ. Town in Haidarabad State ; on the light bank of the Goda- 
vari river, and 200 miles north-west from Haidarabad. Lat. 19 15', 
long. 76 IT. 

GUNJI. Town in Belgaum district, Bombay; twenty-two miles south 
of Belgaum. Lat. 15 31', long. 74 34'. 

GTINNAPUR. See GANAPTJR. 

GTJNNEA GARH. See GANIYAGARH. 

GUNNUPWARRUM. See GANUPWARAM. 

GUNRA. Town in Bahraich district, Oudh ; sixty-four miles north- 
3ast from Lucknow, and 113 miles north from Allahabad. Lat. 27 5', 
long. 82. 

GTTNTUR. See GANTUE. 

GUN WAN. Village in Budaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Moradabad, and forty miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 28 
25', long. 78 25'. 

GTINWARA. Village in Maihar State, Central India Agency; on the 
route from Mirzapur to Jabalpur, eighty-seven miles north-east of the 
latter, 158 Booth-west of former. Lat. 24 8', long. 80 40'. 

GTJOCHNATJT. Town in Baroda State, on the left bank of the river 
Banas, and fifty miles south-west from Disa. Lat. 23 45', long. 71 31'. 

GUPTASAR. Sacred cave in Shahabad district, Bengal. 

GUR. River of Poona and Ahmednagar districts, Bombay ; falls into 
the Bhima river, in lat. 18 30', long. 74 36'. 



GUR 315 

GURA. Town in Haidarabad State ; on the left "bank of the Pen- 
ganga, and 179 miles north from Haidarabad. Lat. 19 55', long. 78 11'. 

GURANG. Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; situated on 
the right bank of the Indus, seventy-four miles north-west by north, 
of the town of Multan. Lat. 31 11', long. 70 46'. 

GURAULL See GARRAULI. 

GUR AURA. Town in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Rewafi to Eohtak, thirty-eight miles south of the latter. Lat. 28 21', 
long. 76 42'. 

GURBAKSHGANJ. Thana in Rai Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. 
(1881), 67,464. 

GURBAN. Village in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; on the route 
from Sehwan to Karachi, and thirty miles north-east of the latter place. 
Lat. 25 4', long. 67 28'. 

GURBAN. River of Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; so called from 
a village of that name on its bank. It rises in the mountainous tract 
between Karachi and Sehwan, about lat. 25 14', long. 67 26', and, after 
a south-westerly course of about sixty miles, falls into the Bay of Karachi 
in lat. 24 47', long. 67 6'. 

GURDA. Village in Bhartpur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Agra to Ajmere, forty-eight miles west of former, 180 east of latter. 
It is situate on the Utanghan, where the bed is about three-quarters of a 
mile wide. Lat. 27 3', long. 77 20'. 

GURDANGERRL See GARUDAGIRI. 

GTJRDASPTIR. District in Amritsar division, Punjab; between lat. 
32 30' 31 36', and long. 74 56' 75 45'. Area, 1822 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 823,695. Bounded on the north by Kashmir and Chambu 
States ; on the east by Kangra district and the Beas ; on the south-west 
by Amritsar district ; and on the west by Sialkot district. Its rivers are 
the Ravi and the Beas; and there are several Himalayan ranges of 
mountains within its limits, including the snowy Dhaola Dhar. The chief 
towns are Batala, Gurdaspur (the capital), and the hill-station of Dal- 
housie. 

GTIRDASPIIR. Town and municipality (in tahsi'l of same name) and 
capital of Gurdaspur district, Punjab. Lat 32 2' 40", long. 75 27'. 
Pop. (1881), 4706. Area of tahsi'l, 484 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 208,228. 

GURDEGA. Town in Bamra State, Sambalpur district, Central 
Provinces; fifty-two miles north-north-east from Sambalpur, and ninety - 
five miles south-south-west from Lohardaga. Lat. 22 7', long. 84 25'. 

GURGAON. District in Delhi division, Punjab; between lat. 27 
39' 28 30' 45", and long. 76 20' 45" 77 35'. Area, 1938 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 641,848. Bounded on the north by Rohtak district; on the 
west and south-west by TJlwur, Nabha, and Jmd States ; on the south by 
Muttra district, N.AV.P. ; on the east by the river Jumna ; and on the 
north-east by Delhi district. The chief towns are Rewari, Firozpur, 
Palwal, and Gurgaon (the capital). The chief river is the Jumna. 
The Rajputana State Railway traverses the district. 

GURGAON. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) and 
capital of Gurgaon district, Punjab. Station on the Rajputana State 
Railway. Lat. 28 27' 30", long. 77 4'. Pop. (1881), 3990. Area of 
tahsil, 407 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 122,371. 



316 GTJR 

GTJRGHAT. Town in Baroda State; three miles south of the 
Gulf of Cutch, and 100 miles west from Rajkot. Lat. 22 12', long. 
69 19'. 

GURGURRI. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal ; seventy-two 
miles south-west of Rajmahal. Lat. 24 23', long, 86 55'. 

GURGTJZGUR. Town in Mgpur district, Central Provinces; sixty- 
four miles north-west by north from Nagpur, and forty-eight miles east 
by north from Betiil. Lat. 21 59', long. 78 40'. 

GTJRH. See GABH. 

GTJRHEA. See GABHIYA. 

GURHI DTTDHLL See DTJDHILT. 

GTJRIA-TIKA (GTJRIALI). Pass in Garhwal State, KW.P. ; over a 
ridge having a south-easterly direction from Surkanda summit to the 
right bank of the Bhagirathi. Elevation above the sea, 7041 feet. 
Lat. 30 19', long. 78 27'. 

GTIRIS. Valley in Baltistan or Little Thibet ; close to the northern 
boundary of Kashmir, five miles long and one mile wide. Lat. 34 33', 
long. 74 50'. 

GTJRITHA. Town in Budaun district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Bulandshahr, thirty-eight miles east of the latter. Lat. 28 
24', long. 78 32'. 

GTIRJIPARA. Village in Rangpur district, Bengal. 

GURKHA. Town in Nepal State ; fifty-five miles west of Khatmandu. 
Lat. 27 52', long. 84 28'. 

GTIRKHUIA. See GAEHKTJHIYA. 

GURMA. River in Rewah State, Central India Agency ; rises on a 
plateau in lat. 24 40', long. 82 16' ; at the cascade of Bilotri, about ten 
miles lower down, it is precipitated 398 feet over the brow of the Kutra 
ridge. It fulls into the Biland, a tributary of the Tons. 

GTJRMANDA. Halting-ground in Kumaun district, KAV.P. ; on the 
route from Almora to Sn'nagar, and forty-eight miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 29 58', long. 79 9'. 

GURMUKTESAR (GURMUKTESWAR). See GARHMUKHTESAE. 

GURNADDL Town in Bakarganj district, Bengal; 120 miles east 
by north of Calcutta. Lat. 22 59', long. 90 15'. 

GTJRPTIR. River in South Kanara district, Madras ; falls into the sea 
near Mangalore, and, with Nitravati, forms harbour of same name. 

GTJRRA. See GABHA. 

GTJRRAH. See GAEEA. 

GURRAMKONDA. Fortress and town in Cuddapah district, Madras. 
Lat. 13 46', long. 78 38'. Pop. (1871), 1948. 

GTIRRAWARRA. See BTJEEA GUEEAWAEBA. 

GTIRRI. See GAEHI -Ann- SHAH. 

GURRIHTJ. Village in Damoh district, Central Provinces; on the 
route from Mirzapur to Sagar, 211 miles south-west of former, seventy- 
six north-east of latter. Elevation above the sea, 1131 feet. Lat. 
24 14', long. 79 51'. 

GITRR KOHTIRL Town in Ganjam district, Madras; thirty-eight 
miles north-east of Ganjam. Lat. 19 52', long. 85 25'. 

GTIRR KTJSPULLA. Town in Puri district, Orissa, Bengal ; thirty- 
six miles west-south-west of Cuttack. Lat. 20 13', long. 85 28'. 



GUR GTJZ 317 

GURU TAPPING. Town in Puri district, Orissa, Bengal ; thirty-two 
miles south-west of Cuttack. Lat. 20 5', long. 85 40'. 

GURRUMARIA. Town in Maldah district, Bengal; fourteen miles 
south-east of Maldah. Lat, 24 52', long. 88 15'. 

GTJRRUSGOAN. Town in Haidarabad State; thirty miles east by 
south from Ellichpur, and seventy-four miles west from Nagpur. Lat. 
21 4', long. 78. 

GITRSARAL Town in Jhansi district, KW.P. Lat. 25 36' 55", 
long. 79 13' 15". Pop. (1881), 6528. 

GTJRSUHAGANJ. Town in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Cawnpore to Fatehgarh, and nineteen miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 27 7', long. 79 47'. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 34,579. 

GITRSUTI (GTJRSATJTI). Tillage in Muttra district, KW.P. ; on 
the route from the city of Agra to Aligarh, and eighteen miles north 
of the former. Lat. 27 23', long. 78 7'. 

GTJRTI. Town in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; thirty-nine miles 
eouth-west of Tatta. Lat. 24 18', long. 67 39'. 

GURUDWARA. See DEHEA. 

GTJRTJ-SIKAR. The name given to the highest peak of Mount Abu, 
Bajputana ; elevation, 5650 feet above sea-level. See ABIT. 

GURUVAYUR. Tillage in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 10 36', 
long. 76 4'. Pop. (1871), 6703. 

GURWAH. See GAEWA. 

GITRW ALA. Town in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab ; situated 
thirty-five miles from the right bank of the river Indus, and 105 miles 
north-west of the town of Multan. Lat. 31 11', long. 70 12'. 

GURWHAL. See GABHWAL. 

GUSAR. Town in Udaipur State, Rajputana ; seventy-four miles 
north-west from Nimach, and fifty-eight miles south-east from Sirohi. 
Lat. 24 42', long. 73 47'. . 

GTJTAL. Town in Dharwar district, Bombay ; eighty- eight miles 
east-north-east of Honawar. Lat. 14 50', long. 75 42'. 

GUTHNL Town in Saran district, Bengal. Lat. 26 9' 45", long 
54 5'. Pop. (1872), 4379. Celebrated for its sugar factories. 

GUTL See GOOTY. 

GUTNL Town in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on the left bank of the 
Ganges ; on the route from Banda to Partabgarh, ninety-two miles north- 
east of the former, forty-four west of the latter. Lat. 25 42', long. 
81 27'. 

GTJTPTJRBA. See GuiirEABHA. 

GUTUHATTI. Tillage in Lohardaga district, Bengal; seventy-four 
miles south- south-east of Hazaribagh. Lat. 22 59', long. 85 46'. 

GUWARICH. Pargana in Gonda district, Oudh. Area, 267 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 148,176. 

GTJZERAT (GUJARAT). The name of an extensive province in 
Bombay, still commonly used, but not applied to any administrative 
division of India. It includes Surat, Broach, Kaira, Panch Mahals, and 
Ahmedabad districts ; Baroda State, in many detached pieces ; the Mahi 
Kantha and Rewa Kantha Agencies ; Palanpur, Radhanpur, Balasinor, 
Cambay, Dang, and many other States; together with the great Penin- 
sula of Kathiawar, containing 180 States. It is bounded on the north 



318 GTJZ GYA 

by the Gulf of Cutch and Rajputana ; on the south by the Indian Ocean, 
the G ulf of Cambay, and sundry districts of the Bombay Presidency ; on 
the east by Khandesh and Malwa ; and on the west by Cutch and the 
sea. It extends from lat. 20 to 24 45', and from long. 69 to 74 20', 
and contains an area of 41,536 sq. miles. 

GUZZLEHUTTL See GAZZALHATHI. 

GWALIOR. State in Central India Agency, the possessions of the 
family of Sindhia, between lat. 22 8' 26 50', and- long. 74 45' 
79 21'. Area, 29,067 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 3,115,857. It has a 
singularly irregular outline, and consists of several detached districts ; 
the principal of which is bounded on the north-east by the Chambal, 
dividing it from Agra and Etawah districts ; on the east, in a very 
tortuous direction, by Bundelkhand, and Sagar district; on the south by 
the native states of Bhopal and Dhar; on the west by those of Rajgarh, 
Jhalawar, and Kotah ; and on the north-west by the Chambal, separating 
it from Karauli and Dholpur States, Rajputana. The length of the 
principal portion above described is 246 miles from north to south, 
and 170 in breadth, and comprehends part of the ancient province of 
Agra, most of Malwa, and part of the Deccan. The chief river of 
the State is the Chambal (the great affluent of the Jumna), which 
receives the Chambla, Sipra, Chota Kali Sind, ISTiwaj, Parvati, and 
other tributaries ; there are also the Tapti, the Narbada, and the Sind 
(another great tributary of the Jumna). The Mandu Hills are the 
chief mountains. The towns are Gwalior (the capital), Burhanpur, and 
Chanderi. The State is entitled to a permanent salute of nineteen guns 
in British territory, and twenty-one guns in his own dominions ; but 
the present chief receives twenty-one guns in British territory. His 
army consists of forty-eight guns, 6000 cavalry, and 5COO infantry. 

GWALIOR. Fortress and town in Gwalior State ; the capital of the 
Maharaja Sindhia's dominions, in lat. 26 13', long. 78 12'. One of the 
most celebrated hill-forts of India, placed on an isolated rock. The 
Lashkar or standing camp of the Maharaja Sindhia, extends several miles 
from the south-west end of the rock ; whilst the old town of Gwalior is 
situate along the eastern base of the rock. 

GWE-KHYO. River in Prome district, British Burma ; rising in the 
Padouk Hill, and, with the Eng-gun and Khyoung-tsouk, falling into the 
Naweng. 

GYA. See GAYA. 

GYAING. River in Amherst district, British Burma. Falls into the 
Salwin at Maulmain in lat. 16 30', long. 97 38'. 

GYAING. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876-77), 2983. 

GYAING ATTARAN. Township or subdivision in Amherst district, 
British Burma ; between lat. 15 59' 16 40', and long. 97 41' 97 55'. 
Pop. (1876-77), 20,496. 

GYAING-THAN-LWENG. Subdivision of Amherst district, British 
Burma; between lat. 16 33' 16 56', and long. 97 38' 98. Pop. 
(1876-77), 39,524. 



HAB HAI 319 



HAB. River in Baluchistan and Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; 
forming the boundary in part between Smd and Baluchistan. It rises in 
lat. 26 22' 30", long. 67 16', flows south-east for twenty-five miles, 
then due south for fifty miles, and then south-west, till it falls into the 
Arabian Sea, in lat. 24 52', long. 66 42', after a total length of about 
100 miles. 

HAB ANNAGAR. Tillage in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the 
route from Allahabad to Fatehpur, and thirty-seven miles north-west of 
the former. Lat. 25 40', long. 81 26'. 

HABARA. Thana in Twenty-four Parganas district. Area, 105 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 68,965. 

HABIGANJ. Village in Sylhet district, Assam ; on the banks of the 
Barak. A centre of rice trade. Lat. 24 19', long. 91 23'. 

HABRA. Tillage and municipality in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; on 
the Tilai, an affluent of the Brahmaputra. Lat. 25 36' 3', long. 
88 57' 50". 

H AD ARNARTJ. Tillage in Mysore district, Mysore State. Pop. 
(1871), 1523. 

HADAYA. Town in Patiala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 6834. 

HADIABAD. Town in Kapurthala State, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 2347. 

HADIALI.Tillage in Garhwal State, K.W.P. ; on the left bank of 
the Bhagirathi. Lat. 30 33', long. 78 24'. 

HADINARE. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. 

HADJI See AJI. 

H AD OGERL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 144. 

HADRE. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 69. 

HADRUK. Thana in Jalaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 27,620. 

HAFIZABAD. Tahsil in Gujranwala district, Punjab ; between lat. 
31 32' 32 20' 30", and long. 73 11' 30" 74 7' 15". Area, 1362 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 196,604. 

HAFIZABAD. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Gujranwala 
district, Punjab; distant from Gujranwala, thirty-two miles. Pop. 
(1881), 2453. 

HAFIZGANG. Tillage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the town of Bareilly to Pilibhit, sixteen miles north-east of the 
former. Lat. 28 30', long. 79 37'. 

HAFIZGANJ. Thana in Bareilly district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
42,672. 

HAGGRL See HUGRI. 

HAGLIWADI. Town in Mysore State ; seventy-five miles north from 
Beringapatam, and 137 miles east-north-east from Mangalore. Lat. 13 
30', long. 76 49'. 

HAIATNAGAR. Town in Haidarabad State; ten miles south-east 
by east from Haidarabad, and 110 miles north by east from Karnul. Lat. 
17 19', long. 78 40'. 

HAIATNAGAR. Tillage in Sultanpur district, Oudh; eighty miles 
south- east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 15'. long. 82 13'. 



320 HAI 

HAIATPTJR. Town on the Ganges, in Maldah district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 16' 20", long. 87 54' 21". 

HAIBATPTJR. Tillage in Patiala State, Punjab ; on the route from 
Hansi to Ludhiana, and fifty-four miles north of the former town. Distant 
north-west from Calcutta 1030 miles. Lat. 29 51', long. 76 2'. 

HAIDARABAD (HYDERABAD). State of Southern India, often 
called the Territories of the Nizam, including the Haidarabad Assigned 
Districts, or Berar, under British management. It lies between lat. 15 
20' 21 41', and long. 74 40' 81 31' ; 475 miles in length from south- 
west to north-east, and about the same breadth. Its area (not including 
Berar) is 81,807 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 9,845,594. It is bounded on 
the north by Berar ; on the north and north-east by the Central Provinces ; 
on the south and south-east by Madras ; and on the west by Bombay. Its 
livers are the Godavari (tributaries, the Dudna and Purna, the Manjira, 
and the Pranhita, which last is formed of the Wardha, Penganga, and Wain- 
ganga), and the Kistna or Krishna (tributaries, the Bhima and the Tunga- 
bhadra). The chief towns are Haidarabad (the capital), Secunderabad 
(a British cantonment), Jalna, Raichor (the great railway centre), 
Bidar, etc. The State is traversed by the Great Indian Peninsula 
Railway and the Nizam's State Railway. The ruler, or Nizam, who 
is entitled to a salute of 21 guns, maintains a force of 71 field and 
654 other guns, 551 artillerymen, 1400 cavalry, and 12,775 infantry, 
besides a large body of irregulars. 

HAIDARABAD. Capital of Haidarabad State ; situate on the river 
Musi. Lat. 17 21' 45", long. 78 30' 10". Pop. (1881, including the 
suburbs and cantonment at Secunderabad), 354,962. It was formerly 
called Bhagnagar. Elevation above the sea, 1800 feet. Distant from 
Mangalore, north-east, 498 miles; Bangalore, north, 373; Bellary, north- 
east, 229 ; Madras, north-west, 389 ; Bombay, south-east, 449 ; Nagpur, 
south, 314; Calcutta, south-west, 962. The town, which is supplied 
with water from a large lake, twenty miles in circumference, contains 
several fine mosques and other buildings of importance. 

HAIDARABAD ASSIGNED DISTRICTS (BERAR). Province of 
Central India, being part of Haidarabad State, assigned to British 
management under certain treaties ; it lies between lat. 19 26' 21 46', 
and long. 75 58' 45" 79 II' 13". Area, 17,711 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 2,672,673. Bounded on the north and east by the Central 
Provinces ; on the south by Haidarabad State ; and on the west by 
Bombay. The Province is divided into the two divisions or Comrnis- 
sionerships of East Berar (capital Amraoti), and West Berar (capital 
Akola) ; both Commissioners being subordinate to the Resident at Haidar- 
abad. The districts of Berar are Akola, Amraoti, Ellichpur, Buldana, 
"Wun, and Basim. 

HAIDARABAD (HYDERABAD). District in Sind, Bombay; 
between lat. 24 13' 27 15', and long. 67 5169 22'. Area, 9030 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 754,624. Bounded on the north by Khairpur 
State ; on the east by the Thar and Parkar district ; on the south by the 
Thar and Parkar district and the river Kori; and on the west by the 
Indus and Karachi district. Much of the Haidarabad district is desert ; 
its only great river is the Indus. The chief towns are Haidarabad (the 
capital), Hala, Tando Muhammad Khan, and Naushahro. The adminis- 



HAI HAJ 321 

tration is conducted by a Collector-Magistrate and staff subordinate to 
the Commissioner. The district is well provided with roads, but the 
Sind Railway runs the other side of the Indus. 

HAIDARABAD (HYDERABAD). A subdivision of Faidarabad 
district, Sind, Bombay; bounded on the north and east by the Hala 
Deputy Collectorate ; on the west by the river Indus ; and on the south 
by Tando. Lat. 25 10' 25 31', long. 68 19' 68 41'. Area, 416 
sq. miles. Pop. (1872\ 98,217. 

HAIDARABAD. Town and municipality in, and capital of, Haidar- 
abad district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 25 23' 5", long. 68 24' 51". Pop. 
(1881), 45,195, excluding the cantonment, which has a pop. of 2958. 
Noted for its manufactures. 

HAIDARABAD. Pargana in Kheri district, Oudh. Area, 98 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 40,761. 

HAIDARABAD. Town in TJnao district, Oudh. Lat. 26 55', long. 
80 17'. Pop (1869), 3809. 

HAIDARAMAHL Village in Aligarh district, KW.P. ; on the 
route, by KMsganj, from Bareilly to Aligarh, and twenty-three miles 
south-east of the latter, forty-nine north-east of Agra. Lat. 27 51', 
long. 78 29'. 

HAIDARGARH. Tahsil in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Between lat. 
26 31' 30" 26 51', and long. 81 12' 81 39'. Area, 297 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 120,381. Also pargana. Area, 103 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
58,522. And thana. Pop. (1881), 108,666. 

HAIDARGARH. Town in Bara Banki district, Oudh, and capital of 
tahsil of same name. Lat. 26 37', long. 81 17'. 

HAIDARGARH. See HASSANGADI. 

HAIDARNAGAR. Town in Patna district, Bengal; fifty-six miles 
west of Sherghati. Lat. 24 30', long. 83 59'. 

HAILAKANDI Subdivision of Cachar district, Assam. Area, 344 
sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 65,671. 

HAILAKANDI. Tillage in Cachar district, Assam ; on the Dhales- 
wari. 

HAING-GYI. Island in Bnssein river, Bassein district, British 
Burma. Lat. 15 54', long. 94 20'. 

HAJAMRO. River of Sind, Bombay ; flowing into the sea in lat. 24 
6', long. 67 22'. 

HAJIGANJ. Town and municipality on the Dakatia river, in 
Tipperah district, Bengal. Lat. 23 15', long. 90 53' 30". Also thana. 
Area, 373 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 172,347. 

HAJIGANJ. Town in Faridpur district, Bengal ; on the right or 
south-west bank of the Ganges ; distant from the town of Faridpur, east, 
five miles. Lat. 23 36', long. 89 56'. 

HAJIGANJ. Town in the Tipperah district, Bengal ; twenty-four 
miles south-west of Tipperah. Lat. 23 16', long. 90 52'. 

HAJIPTJR. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name) 
in Muzaffarpur district, Bengal ; on the Little Gandak, near its junc- 
tion with the Ganges at Patna. Lat. 25 40' 50", long. 85 14' 24". 
Pop. (1881), 25,078. Area of subdivision, 771 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 724,531. Also thana. Area, 286 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
270,225. 

21 



322 HAJ HAL 

HAJIPUR. Town in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab; twenty- 
seven miles from the right bank of the Indus, ninety-eight miles south- 
west by west of the town of Multan. Lat. 29 20', long. 70 13'. 

HAJIPTJR. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal ; thirty-six miles 
west by north of JSasirabad. Lat. 24 50', long. 89 51'. 

HAJIPTIR. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Aligarh to Etawah, and twenty-two miles south-east of the former. Lat. 
27 7 ; , long. 78 14'. 

HAJO. Tillage in Kamrup district, Assam ; in close proximity to the 
famous temple of Mahamuni, which, as sanctified by the presence of the 
founder of their faith, is venerated by the Buddhists of all parts of India. 

HAKATUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 618. 

HAKNITWARA. Town in Haidarabad State; forty- seven miles 
south from Ellichpur, and 111 miles west-south-west from Nagpur. Lat. 
20 30*, long. 77 38'. 

HAL A. Subdivision of Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay ; between 
lat. 25 8' 26 1 5', and long. 68 16' 30" 69 17'. It is bounded on the 
north by the Naushahro Deputy Collectorate ; on the south by Haidarabad 
taluk and Tando ; on the east by the Thar and Parkar Political Superin- 
tendency ; and on the west by the Indus. Area, 2500 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1872), 216,139. 

HALA (NEW). Town and municipality (in taluk of same name), in 
Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Lat. 25 48' 30", long. 68 27' 30". 
Pop. (1872), 4096. A fair is held twice a year in the town, when 
Muhammadans flock to worship the tomb of a saint, whose remains 
are deposited therein. Area of taluk, 524 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 
78,237. 

HALA (OLD). Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. 
(1872), 2467. 

HALABAK. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab; 163 miles east from 
Srmagar, and 158 miles north-east by north from Kangra. Lat. 33 55', 
long. 77 46'. 

HAL AGUND A. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 846. 

HAL AGUE.. Town in Mysore State ; on the left bank of one of the 
branches of the Kaveri, and thirty-three miles east from Serin gapatam. 
Lat. 12 27', long. 77 14'. 

HALANL Town in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 
1633. 

HALAN SYTJDS. Village in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; on the 
route from Haidarabad to Sehwan, by way of Kotri, and thirty-two miles 
north of the last-mentioned place, about a mile and a half from the right 
bank of the Indus. Lat. 25 54', long. 68 18'. 

HALARIA. State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; paying a yearly tribute of 
10 to the Gaekwar of Baroda and 7 to the Nawab of Junagarh. 

HALDA. River of Chittagong district, Bengal ; falls into the Karna- 
phuli. 

HALDATJR. Town in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Bijnaur to Moradabad, ten miles south-east of the former. Lat. 29 17', 
Ion?. 78 21'. 

HA1DHARPUR. Thana in Ballia district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
54,526. 



HAL 323 

HALDL Kiver of Midnapur district, Bengal; it rises in lat. 22 IS' 
30'', long. 87 13' 16", and flows into the Hugh', in lat. 22 0' 30", long. 
88 6' 15". It chief tributary is the Kasai. 

HALDL Thana in Ballia district, JST.W.P. Pop. (1881), 59,413. 

HALDI. Village in Ghazipur district, N.W P. ; on the route from 
Gbazipur to Chapra, fifty-two miles east of the former. Lat. 25 45', 
long. 84 15'. 

HALDIBARL Thana in Kuc.h Behar State, Bengal. Area, 89 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 35,411. 

HALDIPUKRI. Town in Manbhum district, Bengal; 148 miles 
west of Calcutta. Lat. 22 37', long. 86 8'. 

HALDTJG- GHAT. Ferry in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; south-east of 
Pithoragarh eleven miles. Lat. 29 28', long. 80 21'. 

HALEBID. Tillage in Hassan district, Mysore. Lat. 13 12' 20", 
long. 76 2'. Pop. (1871), 1207. Famous as the site of the ancient 
city of Dwarasamudra. 

HALERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Lat. 12 27', long. 75 52'. 
Pop. (1881), 547. 

HALHALIA. Biver in Maimansinh and Bogra districts, Bengal; falls 
into the Karatoya. 

HALHALLI. Town in Mysore State ; on the right bank of one of 
the branches of the Kaveri river, and twenty-five miles south-south-west 
from Seringapatam. Lat. 12 6', long. 76 37'. 

HALI. Town in Raipur district, Central Provinces; 133 miles south- 
east from Nagpur and 135 miles east by south from Chanda. Lat. 19 
38', long. 81 25'. 

HALIJA. Village in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; fifty miles east 
of the port of Karachi. It is situate among the low hills north-west of 
Tatta, and near the western shore of a considerable piece of water, 
communicating with the Indus by the Ghara watercourse. Lat. 24 
47', long. 67 46'. 

HALING. Town in Bhartpur State, Eajputana ; fifty-one miles west 
from Agra, and eighty- six miles east from Jaipur. Lat. 27 7' long. 
77 17'. 

HALIPTITRA. Village in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay; on the 
route from Sehwan to Larkhana, and four miles north of the former 
place ; situate two miles from the right bank of the Indus. Lat. 26 
27, long. 67 54'. 

HALISHAHR. Village in the Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; 
situate on the left bank of the Hugli river. Lat. 22 55', long. 88 23'. 

HALISHUR. See HALISHAHE. 

HALIYA. Town in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Rewah to Benares, fifty-three miles south-west of the latter. Lat. 24 
50', long. 82 24'. 

HALIYAL. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name) in 
Xorth Kanara district, Bombay. Lat. 15 19' 50", long. 74 48'. Pop. 
(1881), 5527. Area of subdivision, 980 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 61,15 L 

HALKANT. Town in Agra district, N.W.P. ; fifty miles south-east 
of the city of Agra. Lat. 26 47', long. 78 46'. 

HALLA.-See HALA. 

HALLAGOTTA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 78. 



324 HAL HAM 

HALL All (HALAWAR). Part of the peninsula of Kathiawar, 
Bombay ; bounded on the north by the Gulf of Cutch ; lies between lat. 
21 39' 22 50', long. 69 9' 71 3'; is about 130 miles in length from 
east to west, and seventy-five in extreme breadth. Its area may be 
stated at about 4960 square miles ; comprising the Nawanagar and other 
States. 

HALLIA. Thana in Mirzapur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 30,258. 

HALLIGATTTT. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 331. 

HALLOW AL. Town in Sialkot district, Punjab ; situated nine miles 
from the right bank of the Ravi, fifty- three miles north-east of Lahore. 
Lat. 32 10', long 74 45'. 

HALLWY. Town in the Bellary district, Madras ; fifty-three miles 
north by east of Bellary. Lat. 15 52', long. 77 10'. 

HALOL. Town in Baroda State, at the north-western base of the 
mountain of Pawangarh. Distance from Ahmedabad, south-east, sixty- 
five miles. Lat. 22 32', long. 73 28'. 

HALON. River of Berar and Balaghat and Mandla districts, Central 
Provinces ; a tributary of the Burhner, into which it falls in lat. 22 40', 
long 80 47'. 

HALSANGI. Town in Satdra district, Bombay ; thirty-six miles 
north by east of Bijapur. Lat. 17 19', long. 75 56'. 

HALUKENE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 19. 

HAL WAD. Town and fortress of Kathiawar, Bombay ; eighty-five 
miles south-west of Ahmedabad. Lat. 23 1', long. 71 14' 30". Pop. 
(1881), 5967. 

HAMBAR. Village in Ludhiana district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Ludhiana to Firozpur, and ten miles and a half west of the former town. 
Distant north-west from Calcutta, 1099 miles. Lat. 30 57', long. 75 46'. 

HAMBAR. Village in Firozpur district, Punjab ; ten miles and 
a half west of Firozpur. Lat. 30 57', long. 75 46*. 

HAMIDNAGAR. Town in Patna district, Bengal ; thirty-four miles 
north by west of Sherghati. Lat. 25 2', long. 84 43'. 

HAMILAYA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 57. 

HAMIRGARH. Town in Udaipur State, Rajputana ; ninety-one miles 
south from Ajmere, and seventy -three miles west from Kotah. Lat. 
25 10', long. 74 43'. 

HAMIRPUR. District in the Allahabad division of the KW.P. ; 
between lat. 25 5' 26 10', and long. 79 22' 45" 80 25' 15". Area, 
2289 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 507,337. Bounded on the north by the 
Jumna ; on the north-west by Baoni State and the Betwa river ; on the 
west by the Dhasan river ; on the south by Alipura, Chhatarpur, and 
Charkhari States ; and on the east by Banda district. The chief rivers 
are the Jumna, the Betwa, and the Dhasan. The hills are the Vindhycdn 
range. The chief towns are Rath, Hamirpur, Mahoba, and Maudha. 
The district is administered by a Magistrate, Assistant Magistrate, 
Settlement Officer, and Deputy Collector. 

HAMIRPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) and 
capital of Hamirpur district, N.W.P. ; situated at the confluence of tl 
Betwa and the Jumna, on the right bank of the latter river. It lies 01 
the route from Banda to Cawnpore ; distant from the former thirty-sb 
miles, from the latter thirty-nine, from Kalpi twenty-eight, from Aj 



HAM HAN 325 

155, from Allahabad 110. Lat. 25 58', long. 80 11' 50". Pop. (1881), 
7155. Area of tahsil, 367 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 75,398. Also par- 
gana. Pop. (1881), 26,545. And thana. Pop. (1881), 22,151. 

HAMIRPUR. Tahsil of Kangra district, Punjab. Area, 644 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 176,609. 
HAMPA. See HAUMP. 

HAMPAPURA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 78. 
HAMPI. Ruined town in Bellary district, Madras ; on the south 
bank of the Tungabhadra. Lat. 15 19' 50", long. 76 30' 10". Formerly 
a place of considerable importance, and still the seat of an annual festival. 
HANAGALLU. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 166. 
HANAGHAT. See RANAGHAT. 

HANAKODU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 242. 
HANDIA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Allahabad district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 25 22', long. 82 15'. Area of tahsil, 286 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 184,754. Also thana. Pop. (18SI), 50,179. 

HANDIA. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces ; on the 
Narbada river. Lat. 22 28' 30", long. 77 2'. Pop. (1870), 1992. 
There is a ruined fort here. 

HANDI ANANTAPUR. Town in Bellary district, Madras; fifty- 
nine miles north-west of Bellary. Lat. 14 41', long. 77 41'. 
HANDLI Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 125. 
HANGAL. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Dharwar district, 
Bombay. Pop. (1881), 5272. Area of subdivision, 299 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 65,787. 

HANGARKOTTA. Port in South Kanara district, Madras, at the 
entrance to the Silanadi. 

HANGO (HUNG). Village in Bashahr State, Punjab ; noted for its 
temple. Elevation above the sea, 1 1,400 feet. Lat. 31 49', long. 78 34'. 
HANGRANG. Mountain pass in Bashahr State, Punjab. Lat. 31 48', 
long. 78 35'. It is 14,800 feet high. 

HANGTI (MIRANZAIV Village (in tahsil of same name) in Kohat 
district, Punjab. Lat 33 32', long. 71 6'. Area of tahsil, 419 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 36,308. 

HANLI. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; 154 miles north-east from 
Simla, and 166 miles east by north from Chamba. Lat. 32 43, long. 
78 56'. 

HANSATITL River of Rohtak, Gurgaon, and Delhi districts, Punjab ; 
rising in lat. 27 58', long. 76 7', and falling into the Delhi Canal a few 
miles north of the town of Delhi, in lat. 28 40', long. 77 15'. 

HANSGANJ. Village in Muttra district, KW.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Jumna, opposite the city of Muttra. Lat. 27 31', long. 77 45'. 

HANSI. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) of Hissar 
district, Punjab. Lat. 29 6' 19", long. 76 0' 19". Pop. (1881), 12,656. 
Area of tahsil, 761 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 130,612. 

HANSKHALI. Town and municipality in the Nadiya district, Bengal; 
on the left bank of the Churni river. Lat. 23 21' 30", long. 88 39' 30". 
Also thana. Area, 104 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 45,340. 

HANSOT. Town in Broach district, Bombay ; near the south-eastern 
bank of the estuary of the river Narbada. Distance from Surat, north, 
twenty- eight miles. Lat. 21 32', long. 72 50'. Pop. 5000. 



326 HAN-HAR 

HANTHAWADDY. District in Pegu division, British Burma. 
Area, 4236 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 427,720. 

HANUMANA. Village in Rewah State, Central India Agency; on 
the route by the Kutra Pass from Allahabad to the town of Rewah, and 
seventy-four miles south-west of the former. Elevation above the sea, 
1219 feet. Lat. 24 47', long. 82 9'. 

HANUMANGANJ. Thana in Allahabad district, KW.P. Pop. 
(1881), 50,074. 

HAPA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 1546. The 
chief pays a yearly tribute of 102 10s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and 
of 21 16s. toEdar. 

HAPTJR. Town and capital (in tahsfl of same name) in Meerut 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 28 43' 20", long. 77 49' 45". Pop. (1881), 
13,212. Area of tahsil, 408 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 199,898. Also 
pargana. Pop. (1881), 89,528. And thana. Pop. (1881), 26,778. 

HARA. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal; seventy two miles north 
of Calcutta. Lat. 23 36', long. 88 31'. 

HARAGA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 177. 

HARAI. State in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces. Area, 1 64 
sq. miles/ Pop. (1881), 13,449. The capital of the same name is in lat. 
22 37', long. 79 16'. 

HARAI. Village in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Rewah, and seventeen miles south-east of the former. 
Lat. 25 18', long. 82 2'. 

HARAIA. Tahsil in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
334,378. 

HARAMAK. Mountain in Kashmir State, Punjab, 13,000 feet high. 
Lat. 34 26', long. 75. There is a small lake on its northern slope, 
forming an object of great veneration to the Hindus. 

HARANGL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 193. 

HARAOTL See KOTAH. 

HARAPPA (HARAPA). Village in Montgomery District, Punjab; 
situate on the left bank of the Ravi. Lat. 30 40', long. 72 53'. 

HARATJRA. Village (in pargana of same name) in Saharanpur 
district, N.W.P. ; on the route from the town of Saharanpur to Dehra, 
and eight miles east of the former place ; on the river Hindan. Distant 
north-west from Calcutta 1015 miles. Lat. 30, long. 77 45'. Pop. 
of pargana (1881), 57,766. 

HARATJTL See KOTAH. 

HARAWAL. Town in Patiala State, Punjab ; fifty miles from tne 
left bank of the Sutlej. Lat. 30 17', long. 75 20'. 

HARAWUG. Fort in Kashmir State, Punjab ; on the route from 
Lahore to Kashmir. It is on the right bank of a stream, which, at 
a short distance below, falls into the Chenab. Lat. 33 12', long. 
75 3'. 

HARCHOKA. Village on the Muwahi river, in Chang Bhakar State, 
Chutia Nagpur, Bengal. Lat. 23 51' 30", long. 81 45' 30". 

HARDA. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces. Lat. 22 21', long. 77 8'. 
Pop. (1881), 11,203. Harda is a station on the Great Indian Peninsula 
Railway. Area of tahsil, 1942 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 146,782. 



HAR 327 

HARDA. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Betul to Mhow, seventy-six miles north-west of the former, 
109 east of latter. Lat. 22 18', long. 77 7'. 

HARDAGARH. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces ; 
twenty-three miles north-west from Deogarh, and fort} 7 -two miles east- 
north-east from Betul. Lat. 22 7', long. 78 31'. 

HARDANHALLI. Small fortified town in Mysore State ; distant 
from Seringapatam, south east, fifty miles. Lat. 11 52', long. 77 1'. 

HARDOL District in Sitapur division, Oudh. Between lat. 26 53' 
27 47', and long. 79 44' 80 52'. Area, 2312 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 987,630. Bounded on the north by Shahjahanpur and Kheri 
districts ; on the east by Sitapur district ; on the south by Lucknow and 
Unao districts; and on the west by Farrukhabad district. The chief 
rivers are the Ganges, Ramganga, Garra, Sukheta, Sai, Baitra, and 
Gumti. Some of the chief towns are Hardoi (the capital), Shahabad, 
Sandila, Bilgram, Mallanwan, and Pali. The Oudh and Rohilkhand 
Railway runs through Hardoi for 62 miles, and there are also several lines 
of communication. 

HARDOI. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Hardoi district, Oudh. Station on the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway. 
Lat. 27 23' 40", long. 80 10' 5". Pop. (1881), 10,026. Area of tahsil, 
638 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 261,107. Also than a. Pop. (1881), 81,732. 

HARDOI. Town (in pargana of same name) in Rai Bareli district, 
Oudh. Lat. 26 28', long. 81 15'. Pop. (1869), 1590. Area of 
pargana, 15,561 acres. Pop. (1881), 13,173. 

HARDUAGANJ. Town and municipality in Alfgarh district, KW.P 
Lat. 27 56' 30", long. 78 11' 40". Pop. (1881), 4520. Also thana. 
Pop. (1881), 34,426. 

H.ARDWAR. Town and famous scene of pilgrimage in Saharanpur 
district, N.W.P. Lat. 29 57' 30", long. 78 12' 52". Pop. (1872), 4800. 
Every twelfth year a feast of peculiar sanctity occurs in this town, when 
upwards of 300,000 pilgrims assemble together, a number at least three 
times as many as attend the annual gathering. 

HAREK. Village in Lahore district, Punjab ; about a mile and a half 
from a ferry across the Sutlej, at a point three miles below the confluence 
of the Sutlej and the Beas. Lat. 31 10', long. 74 59'. 

HARGAM. Town (in pargana of same name) in Sitapur district, 
Oudh. Lat. 27 45', long. 80 47'. Pop. (1869), 2832. At a sacred 
tank known as the Surajkund, a biennial religious trading fair is held, 
attended at times by 40,000 persons. Area of pargana, 66 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1869), 23,861. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 42,087. 

HARGAON. Pargana in Sitapur district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 24,516. 

HARHA. Town (in pargana of same name) in Unao district, Oudh. 
Lat. 26 25' 20", long. 80 34'. Pop. (1869), 5446. Area of pargana, 
227 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 107,231. 

HARHAR. Tillage in Muzaffarnagar district, N.W.P. ; twenty-three 
miles distant from Muzaffarnagar. Pop. (1872), 948. 

HARIA. Tahsil of Basti district, KW.P. ; lying along the north 
bank of the river Gogra. Area, 494 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 305,222. 

HARIANA. Tract including parts of Hissar and Rohtak districts, 
Punjab ; now obsolete as a territorial division. 



328 HAR 

HARIANA. Town and municipality in Hoshiarpur district, Punjab, 
Lat. 31 38' 15", long. 75 54'. Pop. (1881), 6472. 
HARIGAON. Village in Garo Hills district, Assam. 

HARIHA. Village in Gujranwala district, Punjab ; on the route 
from Ramuagar to Pind Dadan Khan, and fourteen miles east of the 
latter place. It is situate near the left bank of the river Jheluni. Lat. 
32 37', long. 73 20'. 

HARIHAR. Town and municipality on the right hank of the Tunga- 
bhadra river, in Chitaldrug district, Mysore. Lat. 14 30' 50", long. 76 r 
50' 36". Pop. (1871), 6401. A beautiful bridge of fourteen archer! 
crosses the stream at this spot. 

HARIHARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 591 

HARIHARPARA. Thana in Murshidabad district, Bengal. Area, 
98 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 57,135. 

HARIHARPTJR. Village in Gorakhpur district, KW.P. ; on the 
Jamura, a tributary of the Bapti. Distant south-west from Gorakhpur, 
twenty-two miles. Lat. 26 45', long. 83 2'. 

HARIHARPTJR. Village in Kadur district, Mysore. Lat. 13 30' 
25", long. 75 20' 51". Pop. (1871), 595. 

HARIHARPTJR. Town in Morbhanj State, Orissa, Bengal; thirty 
miles north-west from Balasor, and fifty -six miles south-west from 
Midnapur. Lat. 21 51', long. 86 46'. 

HARIHARPUR. Town in Nepal State ; twenty-nine miles south by 
east from Khatmandu, and sixty -two miles south-west from Bettiah. 
Lat. 27 18', long. 85 23'. 

HARIHARPUR. Town in Sarguja State, Bengal; 136 miles south- 
west from Sherghati, and 108 miles west from Lohardaga. Lat. 23 30', 
long. 83 5'. 

HARIJ. District in Kadi division, Baroda State. Area, 217 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 26,282. 

HARIKE. See HAEEK. 

HARIKPUKAR. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal; forty-nine miles 
south-east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 4', long. 86 31'. 

HARIMANDALAM. Town in Ganjam district, Madras. Pop. 
(1881), 3089. 

HARINGHATA. Thana in Kadiya district, Bengal. Area, 72 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 38,306. 

HARINGHATA RIVER. See BALESWAR. 

HARINGI (SUVARNAVATI). River in Coorg ; falls into the Kaveri. 

HARINKAIRA (HERRINKAIRO). Town in Hoshangabad district, 
Central Provinces ; on the route from Hoshangabad to Ellichpur, seven- 
teen miles south- south- west of the former. Lat. 22 30', long. 77 40'. 

HARIPANI (HATHBATIA). River in Goalpara district; falling 
into the Brahmaputra opposite Goalpara town. 

HARIPARBAT. Thana in Agra district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
22,581. 

HARIPTJR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Hazara district, Punjab. Lat. 33 59' 50", long. 72 58' 15". Pop. 
(1881), 4884. It is situate on the river Dor, which, about ten miles 
westward, falls into the Indus near Torbela. Area of tahsil, 666 sq. 
milt*. Pop. (1881), 124,532. 



HAE 329 

HARIPTJR. Town and municipality in Kangra district, Punjab. 
Lat. 32, long. 76 12'. Pop. (1881), 2174. 

HARIPTJR. Village in Patiala State, Punjab. Lat. 31 1', long. 
77 3'. Elevation above sea-level, 3147 feet. 

HARIPTJR. Village in Dehra Dun district, N.W.P.; at the con- 
fluence of the Tons and Jumna. Elevation above the sea, 1686 feet. 
Lat. 30 30', long. 77 54'. 

HARIPUR. Village in Kashmir State, Punjab ; on the north side of 
the Pir Panjal, and close to the right bank of a tributary of the Jhelum 
river. Lat. 33 40', long. 74 51'. 

HARIPTJR. -See ARIPUK. 

HARIRAMPTJR. Thana in Dacca district, Bengal. Area, 109 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 100,009. 

HARIRAMPUR. Town in Dacca district, Bengal; 121 miles north- 
east of Calcutta. Lat. 23 39', long. 89 58'. 

HARISANKAR. Town in Nadiya district, Bengal ; on the route from 
Berhampur to Pabna, thirty-five miles east of former, twenty-five west of 
latter, 102 north of Calcutta. Lat. 24 2', long. 88 50'. 

HARISCHANDRAGARH. Hill fort in Ahmednagar district, Bom- 
bay. Elevation above the sea, 3894 feet. 

HARIYAL. Town in Pabna district, Bengal ; 133 miles north-north- 
east of Calcutta. Lat. 24 19', long. 89 22'. 

HARNAI. Port in Ratnagiri district, Bombay ; fifty- six miles 
north-west of Ratnagiri. Lat. 17 48' 50", long. 73 9'. Pop. (1872), 
6193. 

HARNAL. Town in Rawal Pindi district, Punjab ; twenty-six miles 
from the right bank of the Jhelum, ninety-six miles south-east by east of 
the town of Peshawar. Lat. 33 19', long. 73 8'. 

HARNHALLI. Village and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Hassan district, Mysore. Lat. 13 14' 30", long. 76 15' 40". Pop. 
(1871), 2234. Area of taluk, 164 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 44,143. 

HAROAH. Thana in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Area, 
55 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 49,292. 

HAH OH. River in Hazara and Rawal Pindi districts, Punjab ; falling 
into the Indus on the eastern side, a few miles below Attock, in lat. 
33 46', long. 72 17'. Total length, ninety miles. 

HAROHALIil. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881), 
respectively, of 106, 47, 26, and 3. 

HAROHOSTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 21. 

HAROL. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 2883. 
The chief pays a yearly tribute of 1 1 4s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and 
of 4 2*. to the Maharaja of Edar. 

HAROWTEE.-See KOTAH. 

HARPANHALLL Town in Bellary district, Madras. Lat. 14 47' 
5", long. 76 1' 40". Pop. (1881), 6536. 

HARRAND. Village at the foot of the Sulaiman Hills, in Dera Ghazi 
Khan district, Punjab. Lat. 29 28', long. 70 1'. Famous for ita 
ruins. 

HARRIORPUR. See HAEIHAHPTJE. 

HARRIPAL. Thana in Hugli district, Bengal. Area, 115 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 84,933. 



330 HAK HAS 

HARRISON'S ISLAND. Island off the coast of Kyouk-hpyu dis- 
trict, British Burma ; situate about ton miles from the shore, and 
among the cluster of islands to the south of llaniri. Lat. 1 8 40', long. 
94 2'. 

HARSANI. Town in Jodhpur State, Bajputana; sixty-five miles 
south from Jaisalmir, and 150 miles west from Jodhpur. Lat. 26, long. 
70 49'. 

HARSOL. Town in Kaira district, Bombay ; thirty-eight miles north- 
cast of Ahme'dabad. Lat. 23 20', long. 73 2'. 

HARSOLL Town in Ulwar State, Rajputana ; on the right bank 
of a branch of the Sabi-nala, and twenty miles north from Ulwar. Lat. 
27 50', long. 76 40'. 

HARSUKH GARHL Town in Gurgaon district, Punjab; on the 
route from Delhi to Kewari, and twenty-seven miles south-west of the 
former. Lat. 28 25', long. 77'. 

HARSUL. Town in Peint State, Bombay; ten miles south from 
Peint, and ninety-three miles north-east from Bombay. Lat. 20 9', 
long. 73 30'. 

HARSUR. Town in Eaipur district, Central Provinces; 153 miles 
east-south-east from Nagpur, and fifty-two miles south by west from 
llaipur. Lat. 20 31', long. 81 23'. 

HARTJ. See HAEOH. 

HARUA. Tillage in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. A fair 
which lasts a week is held here annually. 

HARTJKITHAN. Town in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; thirty-one 
miles north-east of Almora. Lat. 29 54', long. 80 4'. 

HARUNAGL A. Tillage in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from the town of Bareilly to Si'tapur, and four miles south east of the 
former. Lat. 28 22, long. 79 31'. 

HARTJR. Town in Salem district, Madras; thirty-four miles north- 
east of Salem. Lat. 12 4', long. 78 30'. 

HASAN ABDAL. Tillage in Rawal Pindi district, Punjab. Lat. 
33 48' 56", long. 72 44' 41". Famous for its ruins, which have been 
identified as connected with the ancient city of Taxila. There is a sacred 
shrine about one mile from the town. 

HASANGANJ. Tillage in IJnao district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 1500. 

HASANGANJ. Thana in Lucknow district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
24,406. 

HASANGARH. Pargana in Aligarh district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
65,452. 

HASANGARH. Town in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Bulandshahr to Agra, forty-four miles north by west of the latter. 
Lat. 27 48', long. 77 57'. 

HASANKAGHARL Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay; 
forty-seven miles north of Sukkur. Lat. 28 20', long. 68 44'. 

HASANPITR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Moradabad district, 
K.W.P. ; distant from Moradabad thirty miles west. Lat. 28 43' 45", 
long. 78 19' 55". Pop. (1881), 9142. Area of tahsd, 554 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 161,809. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 56,876. 

HASANPITR. Town in Sultanpur district, Oudh. Lat. 26 16', long. 
32 3'. Pop. (1869), 4338. 



HAS 331 

HASANPTJR. Village in Meerut district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Meerut to Moradabad, and thirteen miles south-east of the former. 
Lat. 28 54', long. 77 56'. 

HASANPUR. Town in Mysore State ; on the right bank of one of 
the branches of the Kaveri river, and eighteen miles west from Seringa- 
patam. Lat. 12 24', long. 76 29'. 

HASANPUR. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal; thirty-one 
miles south-east of Nasirabad. Lat. 24 23', long. 90 40'. 

HASANPURA. Town in Saran district, Bengal; thirty-seven miles 
north-west of Chapra. Lat. 26 2', long. 84 27'. 

HASARA. Town in Dacca district, Bengal. Lat. 23 35' 13', long. 
90 20' 58'. Pop. (1872), 5707. 

HASAYAN. Town in Aligarh district, N.AV.P. Pop. (1881), 3003. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 29,911. 

HASHTNAGAR. Tahsil of Peshawar district, Punjab ; between the 
rivers of Swat and Kabul. Area, 303 sq. miles, Pop. (1881), 69,914. 
Its chief village is on the left bank of the Landai, about twenty mi e* 
north of Peshawar. Lat. 34 16', long. 71 45'. 

H ASK AR A. Tahsil in Hamirpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
79,817. 

HASH CANAL (SHAHI CANAL). -Canal in Gurdaspur, Amritsar, 
and Lahore districts, Punjab; between lat. 31 35' 32 8' 30", and long. 
74 24' 3U" 75 31' 15". Constructed in 1633, by AH Mardan Khan, 
the famous engineer of Shah Jahan. 

HASSAN. District in the Ashtagram division of Mysore State; 
between lat. 12 30' 13 22', and long. 75 32' 76 58''. Bounded 
south-west by South Kanara district, Madras ; on the south by Coorg. 
Area, 1879 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 668,417. The chief river is the 
Hemavati and its tributaries. The chief mountains are the "Western 
Ghats, the highest peak of which is Subrahmanya, 5583 feet high. The 
chief towns are Hassan and Narsipur. 

HASSAN. Capital (in taluk of same name) of Hassan district, Mysore 
State. Lat. 13 0' 16", long. 76 8' 8". Pop. (1871), 6305. Area of 
taluk, 371 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 100,523. 

HASSAN ABDAL. See HASAN ABDAL. 

HASSANGADL Pass in South Kanara district, Madras. Lat. 13 40', 
long. 75 1'. 

HASSANTJR. Pass in Coiinbatore district, Madras. Lat. 11 35', 
77 10'. 

HASTINAPTJR. Town in Cuddapah district, Madras; 126 miles 
north-west by west of Madras. Lat. 14 10', long. 78 50'. 

HAST1NAPUR. Ancient city in Meerut district, N.W.P. ; on the 
bank of the Burh Ganga or former bed of the Ganges, twenty-two miles 
north-east of Meerut. Lat. 29 9', long. 78 3'. Pop. (1872), 77. 
Formerly a place of note. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 82,270. 

HASTINGS. Section of Calcutta. Area, fifty-seven acres. Pop. 
(1881), 4953. 

HASTIA. Town (in pargana of same name) in Fatehpur district, 
N.W.P. ; close to the route fiom Allahabad to Fatehpur, and seven miles 
south-east of the latter. Lat. 25 51' long. 80 53'. Pop. of pargana. 
(1881), 64,636. 



332 HAS-HAT 

HASUA. Town and municipality in Gaya district, Bengal ; on the 
right bank of the river Tiliya. Lat. 24 49' 43', long. 85 27' 35". 
Pop. (1881), 5019. 

HATA. Thana in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
99,400. 

HATAMPTTR. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal. Pop. (1872), 
2088. 

HATCHINAD. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 335. 

HATCHINADTJ. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 55. 

HATGAON. Town (in pargana of same name) in Fatehpur district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Allahabad to Fatehpur, and nineteen miles 
south-east of the latter. Lat. 25 52', long. 81 11'. Pop. of pargana, 
(1881), 111,880. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 55,300. 

HATGIYA. Village in Allahabad district, N. W.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Lucknow, and eight miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 25 34', long. 81 53'. 

HATHAZARL Town and municipality in Chittagong district, Bengal; 
Lat. 22 30 7 5", long. 91 50' 45". Also thana. Area, 97 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 81,830. 

HATHIBARI. Government reserve-forest in Bilaspur district, Central 
Provinces. 

HATH KA PIPLIA. Town in Dewas State, Central India Agency; 
twenty-eight miles east from Indore, and ninety- eight miles from Ho- 
shangabad. Lat. 22 45', long. 76 17'. 

HATHPTJR (HATHPOR). Tunnel in Sarguja State, Chutia Nagpur, 
Bengal. 

HATHRAS. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Aligarh district, 
N.W.P. Lat. 27 35' 31", long. 78 6' 9". Pop. (1881), 25,656. 
Formerly one of the strongest forts in India, but now a trading place of 
considerable importance. Area of tahsil, 291 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
199,481. Also pargana. Pop. (1881), 159,144. And thana. Pop. 
(1881), 92,724. 

HATI (HATHI). Town in Eewah State, Central India Agency; 
110 miles direct south-west of Mirzapur, fifty-eight south-east of Banda. 
Elevation above the sea, 1070 feet. Lat. 24 42', long. 80 53'. 

HATIA. Island in Noakhali district, Bengal ; in the estuary of the 
Mcghna river. Between lat. 22 26' 22 41', and long. 90 59' 91 
11' 30". Area, 185 sq. miles, Pop. (1881), 40,295. 

HATIA RIVER (HATTIA RIVER). One of the mouths of the 
Meghna (or Ganges) river ; so called from Hatia Island. 

HATIMABAD. Village in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Muttra to Meerut, and forty-eight miles south of the latter. 
Lat. 28 21', long. 77 56'. 

HATIN. Town in Gurgaon district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Delhi to Muttra, forty-seven miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 28 2', 
long. 77 19'. 

HATIPUR. Village in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Alfgarh to Fatehgarh, and seven miles north-west of the latter, 
lat. 27 25', long. 79 35'. 

HATI ITSTL Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal; sixty -three miles 
north-north-west of Bhagalpur. Lat. 26, long. 86 31'. 



HAT HATT 333 

HATIYA. Town in Nepal State; on the right hank of the river 
Arun, and ninety-seven miles east by north from Khatmandu. Lat. 
27 58', long. 86 50'. 

HATNI. Town in Belgaum district, "Bombay ; seventy-two miles 
north-east of Belgaum. Lat. 16 43', long. 75 8'. 

HATNITR. Town in Haidarabad State; 150 miles north from 
Haidarabad, and 120 miles south-south-west from Nagpur. Lat. 19 30', 
long. 78 38'. 

HATRAS. See HATHEAS. 

HATSIT. River of Korea State, Bengal, and Bilaspur and Sambalpiir 
districts, Central Provinces; falls into the Mahanadi river, in lat. 21 
50', long. 82 46'. 

HATTA. Town in Haidarabad State ; 170 miles north-west by north 
from Haidarabad, and eighty miles south-east from Jalna. Lat. 19 20', 
long. 77. 

HATTA. Tahsil in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 371,284. 

HATTA (HATTUH). State in Balaghat district, Central Provinces. 
Area, 134 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 29,058. 

HATTA (HATTTIH). Town in Hatta State, Balaghat district, 
Central Provinces ; eighty-eight miles north-east from Nagpur, and 
forty-nine miles east-south-east from Seoni. Lat. 21 40', long. 80 19'. 
Pop. (1881), 2466. 

HATTA. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Damoh district, Central 
Provinces. Lat. 24 8', long. 79 39'. Pop. (1881), 6325. A centre of 
trade for red cloth. Area of tahsil, 1007 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
125,060. 

HATT ALL Town in Dera Ismail Khan district, Punjab ; situated 
thirty miles from the right bank of the Indus, 138 miles north-north- 
west of the town of Multan. Lat. 31 55', long. 70 28'. 

HATTIA. See HATJ!. 

HATTOD. Town in Indore state, Central India Agency; ten miles 
north-west from Indore, and 129 miles west from Hoshangabad. Lat. 
22 47', long. 75 44'. 

HATTRAS. See HITHEAS. 

HATTUR (KUND AD ABETTA). Mountain in Coorg. On the summit 
is a temple, situate on the edge of a precipice 500 feet high : here a 
festival is held annually. 

HATTUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 729. 

HATWA. Village, and residence of the Maharaja of Hatwa, in Saran 
district, Bengal. Lat. 26 21' 36", long. 84 20' 21 7/ . 

HATWAS. Town in Chhindwara district, Central Provinces ; on the 
route from Betul to Sagar, seventy miles north-north-east of the former. 
Lat. 22 46', long. 78 23'. 

HATJ-GAN. Revenue circle on the left bank of the Re river, in 
Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 2066. 

HATJLKURKI. Town in Mysore State, sixty-five miles north by 
west from Seringapatam, and 109 miles east-north-east from Mangalore. 
Lat, 13 19', long. 76 26'. 

HATJMP (H AMP A) .Town in Rajpipla State, Rewa Kantha Agency, 
Bombay ; on the left bank of the Narbada river, and seventy-three miles 
east by north from Broach. Lat. 22, long. 74 6'. 



334 HAU HAZ 



HATTNSL See 

HAUPTIR. See H!PUK. 

HAVALI (HAVILI). Town in Montgomery district, Punjab ; ten 
miles from the right bank of the Sutlej, ninety miles south-west of 
the town of Lahore. Lat. 30 26', long. 73 34'. 

HAVILI. Subdivision in Poona district, Bombay. Pop. (1880, 
150,059. 

HAVILI. Parganas in Gorakhpur district, N.W.P., having a popula- 
tion (1881) of 290,193; 249,218; and 78,182 respectively. 

HAVILI. Town in Jhang district, Punjab ; on the left bank of 
the Jhelum, 107 miles west by north of the town of Lahore. Lat. 
31 48', long. 72 23'. 

HAVILI. Pargana in Chanda district, Central Provinces. Area, 448 
gq. miles. 

HAVILI OTIDH. Pargana in Faizabad district, Oudh. Area, 126 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 139,610. 

HAVIRI. Town in Dharwar district, Bombay ; fifty-six miles south- 
east of Dharwar. Lat. 14 47' 30", long. 75 29'. Pop. (1881), 
5652. 

HAW ALBAGH. Village in Kumaun district, KW.P. ; situate five 
miles north of Almora, and on the left bank of the Kosila. Elevation 
above the sea, 3889 feet. Lat. 29 38' 25", long. 79 39' 5". 

HAYCOCK ROCK. Rock off the coast of Bassein district, British 
Burma. Lat. 17 10', long. 94 31'. 

HAYES ISLAND. Island off the coast of Mergui district, British 
Burma; ninety-three miles from Tenasserim; length four, and breadth 
two miles. Lat. 11 52', long. 97 45'. 

HAZAR A. District in the Punjab; between lat. 33 45' 35 2', 
and long. 72 35' 30" 74 9'. Area, 3039 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
407,075. Bounded on the north by the Black Mountains, Swat, Kohi- 
stan, and Chilas ; on the east by Kashmir State ; on the south by Rawal 
Pindi district ; and on the west by the river Indus. The chief mountains 
are the Himalayas. The chief rivers are the Indus, with its tributaries 
the TJnar, the Sirhan, the Dor, and the Haroh ; the Jhelum, with 
its tributary the Kunhar. The chief towns are Haripur, Abbottabad 
(the capital), Baffa, Mansahra, and Naushahr. There are several good 
roads in the district. 

HAZARIBAGK. District in the Chutia Mgpur division of Bengal ; 
between lat. 23 25' 24 48', and long. 84 29' 86 38'. Area, 7021 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,104,742. Bounded on the north by Gaya and 
>Jonghyr districts; on the east by the Santal Parganas and Manbhum 
districts; on the south by Lohardaga district; and on the west by Lohar- 
daga and Gaya districts. The chief hills are Parasnath and Baragai; and 
there are many other similar isolated peaks. The chief rivers are the 
Damodar and its numerous tributaries. The chief towns are Hazaribagh, 
Tchak, and Chatra. The eastern portion of the district is traversed by 
a branch of the East Indian Railway. Coal is found at several places. 

HAZARIBAGH. Subdivision of Hazaribagh district, Chutia Nagpur, 
Bengal. Between lat. 23 56' 30" 24 14', and long. 85 11' 85 41'. 
Area, 4575 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 672,238. 



HAZ HEX 335 

HAZARIBAGH. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same 
name), and capital of Hazaribagh district, Chutia Nag-pur, .Bengal. Lat. 
23 59' 21", long. 85 24' 32". Pop. (1881), 15,306. A small body of 
troops are stationed at this town. Also thana. Area, 457 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 103,024. 

HAZRATGANJ (HASRATGANJ). Town in Farrukhabad district, 
KW.P. ; thirty miles north-west of the city of Farrukhabad. Lat. 27 
39', long. 79 16'. 

HAZRATPTJR. Thana in Budaun district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
30,658. 

IIAZRO. Town and municipnlity in Rawal Pindi district, Punjab. 
Lat. 33 54' 45", long. 72 32'. Pop. (1881), 6533. 

HAZTJ. Town in Kamrup district, Assam ; fifteen miles west-north- 
west of Gauhati. Lat. 26 15', long. 91 31'. 

HEBBATAGERL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881\ 457. 

HEBBULSE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 131. 

HEBHALES. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881) 
respectively of 1434 and 1967. 

HEBLL Town in Dharwar district, Bombay. Lat. 15 28' 50", 
long. 75 10'. Pop. (1872), 6483. 

HEGGADALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 63. 

HEGGADDEVANKOT. Village (in taluk of same name) in Mysore 
district, Mysore. Lat. 12 5' 50", long. 76 21' 50". Pop. (1871), 1080. 
Area of taluk, 652 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 54,829. 

HEGGALA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 1200. 

HEGGIIL A Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 69. 

HELUJA-KA-GOTE. Village in Haidarabad district, Sind, Bombay ; 
on the route from Tatta to Haidarabad, by Kotri, and thirty-two miles 
south of the last-mentioned place. Lat. 24 54', long. 68 8'. 

HELWANK. Town in Satara district, Bombay ; thirty miles south- 
west of Satara. Lat. 17 20', long. 73 47'. 

HEMAV ATI. Tributary of the Kaveri river, in Hassan district, 
Mysore; rising in lat. 13 12', long. 75 44'. 

HEMMANE. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881) 
respectively of 305 and 128. 

EMMATALTI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 602. 

HEMMATJDI. Town in ISouth Kanara district, Madras ; fifty-six 
miles north by west of Mangalore. Lat. 13 41', long. 74 46'. 

HEMTAB AD. Village in Dinajpur district, Bengal ; on the left bank 
of the river Kulik, twenty-six miles west of Dinajpur. Lat. 25 40' 40", 
long. 88 15' 50". Also thana. Area, 243 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
85,287. 

HENDWAI. Thana in Santal Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. 
(1881), 165,515. 

KENERY ISLAND. See ONDABI. 

HENKELGANJ. Village in Jessor district, Bengal; situate in the 
Sundarbans. Lat. 22 27' 30", long. 89 2'. 

HENNAVTITTI.-See HEMAVAT. 

HENZADA. District in the Pegu division of British Burma; between 
lat. 16 4918 30'. and long. 94 51' 96 7'. Area, 1948 sq. miles. 



S36 HEtf HIG 

Pop. (1881), 318,077. Bounded on the north, "by Prome district; on the 
oast by the Irawadi river and Tharawadi district ; on the south by 
Rangoon, Thonkhwa, and Bassein districts ; and on the west by the 
Arakan Yoma mountains. The mountains of the district are the Arakan 
Yoma, rising to a height of over 4000 feet. The rivers are the Irawadi 
and the Bassein river (which is an offshoot of the latter), with their 
tributaries flowing down from the Arakan Yoma. The chief towns are 
Henzada (the capital), and Mya-Noung. 

HENZADA Township, on the right bank of the Irawadi, in 
Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 73,644. 

HENZADA. Town and municipality on the river Irawadi, in Hen- 
zada district, British Burma, and the capital of the district. Lat. 17 
38', long. 95 32'. Pop. (1881), 16,724. 

HENZADA ANOUK-BHET. Revenue circle, on the right bank 
of the Irawadi river, in Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 
4725. 

HENZADA MYOMA. Revenue circle in Henzada district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 16,886. 

HERAT. A division of Afghanistan, between Persia on the west, and 
the Kandahar province of Afghanistan on the east. 

HERAT. Capital of the Herat division of Afghanistan, in lat. 34 22', 
long. 62 8'; on the right bank of the Hari Rud river, 369 miles west 
from Kandahar. Said to be the dirtiest city in the world. 

HERAV AN AD. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 582. 

HERDOSE. Town in Bhor State, Bombay; on the right bank of one 
of the branches of the Nira river, and twenty-six miles south from Poona. 
Lat. 18 4', long. 73 42'. 

HERUMALU. Village in Coorg, at which a festival is annually held. 

HERURTJ. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 153. 

HESHTO (HASDO). River in Korea State, Chutia tfagpur, Bengal. 

HETTAURA. See ETATJNDA. 

HEWERKAIR. See HIWAEKHED. 

HEWIKAIR. Town in Haidarabad State; forty-two miles west from 
Ellichpur, and 164 miles east by north from Malegaon. Lat. 21 7', 
long. 76 57'. 

HEWRA (TJHIR A). Village in Poona district, Bombay; distant 
twenty-seven miles north from Poona. Lat. 18 52', long. 73 45'. 

HIAT (HIYAT). Town on the left bank of one of the branches of the 
Rairi river, in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; fifty-two miles south-east of 
Jodhpur. Lat. 25 53', long. 73 50'. 

HIDDAGOT. Village in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; on the route 
from Sehwan to Larkhana, nine miles north of the former place, situate 
about a mile from the right bank of the Indus. Lat. 26 32', long. 
67 53'. 

HIDGELLI. See HIJILI. 

HIGH ISLAND. Island off the coast of Bassein district, British 
Burma; about five miles from the mainland, in lat. 17, long. 94 30'. 
There is another of the same name in lat. 16 38', long. 94 20'. 

HIGH LEVEL CANAL. Part of the Orissa Canal System, Bengal. 

HIGODLTJ. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 667. 



HIJ Hi:M 337 

HIJILI. A part of Miclnapur district, Bengal ; lying between lat. 21 
37' 22 11', and long. 87 27' 30" 88 1' 45" ; and extending along 
the Hugh' and the sea-coast from the mouth of the Eupnarayan to 
the boundary of the district. Area, about 1013 sq. miles, 

HIJILI. Town in district of same name, Bengal. Lat. 21 49', long. 
87 50'. 

HILL STATES. See CIS-SUTLEJ STATES. 

HILL TIPPERAH. State in Bengal, adjacent to Tipperah district, 
Bengal; between lat. 22 59' 24 31', and long. 91 12' 92 24'. 
Area, 4086 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 95,637. Bounded on the north by 
Sylhet district, Assam ; on the west by Tipperah and Noakhali districts, 
Bengal ; on the south by Noakhali and Chittagong districts ; and on the 
east by the Lushai Hills and Chittagong Hill Tracts districts, Bengal. 
There are many hill-ranges, of which the highest is Jampui. The chief 
rivers are the Gumti and the Pheni. The chief village is Agartala. The 
Eaja is entitled to a salute of 13 guns, and the present ruler has been 
granted the title of Maharaja as a personal distinction. 

HILSA. Town and municipality in Patna district, Bengal. Lat. 
25 19' 10", long. 85 19' 31". Also thana. Area, 237 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 176,075. 

HIMALAYA. A vast assemblage of mountains, stretching in an 
irregularly curved line from the defile above Kashmir, on the north- 
west, through which the Indus penetrates into the plains of the Punjab, 
and separates the range from the mountains of Hindu Kush, to the 
southern bend of the Sanpu or Dihong on the east, previous to its 
junction with the Brahmaputra. This stupendous mass extends over 
22 of longitude, its western extremity lying in long. 72 23', and its 
eastern in long. 95 23'. About midway between the limits above de- 
fined, and in the vicinity of Lake Manasarowar, is the southern extremity 
of the mountain-range, which, extending from the north-west into Thibet, 
separates the drainage system of the Indus from that of the Sanpu (after- 
wards the Brahmaputra), and is by some regarded as the grand central 
axis of Asia. Prom this centre the chain of the Himalayas stretches 
to nearly an equal distance in a north-westerly direction on the one hand, 
and a south-easterly on the other, throwing off at right angles lateral 
ranges sloping southward to the plains of India. Deep narrow valleys, 
separated from each other by these meridional ranges, contain the sources 
of the numerous rivers which constitute the drainage system of the 
Indus, the Ganges, and the Brahmaputra. Among the tributaries of 
the Indus may be enumerated the Jhelum, Chenab, Beas, Eavi, and 
Sutlej ; the principal feeders of the Ganges are the Jumna, Gogra, 
Gandak, and Kosi ; the Tista and some others fall into the Brahmaputra. 
The elevation of the culminating range of the Himalaya is probably at 
a mean about 18,000 or 20,000 feet. The passes are rarely under 17,000 
or 18,000 feet. The greater number of the giant peaks, which rise to 
an elevation of 26,000 or 28,000 feet, are situated, not on the central 
axis, but to the south of it. The length of the western division of the 
culminating range of the Himalayas, from the source of the Sutlej to the 
peaks of Dayamur on the Indus, is nearly 700 miles. The limits of the 
snow-line on the southern slope have a height of about 18,500 feet. 
The length of the eastern section of the culminating range of the Hirna- 

22 



338 HIM EOT 

layas, from the confluence of the Dihong with the Brahmaputra in the 
east, to the river Kali, forming the boundary of Nepal on the west, is 
about 800 miles. This portion supports the lofty peaks of Kanchanjanga 
and Dhaulagiri. The latter, having an elevation of 27,600 feet, is in 
lat. 29 11', long. 82 59'. The lofty peak of Kanchanjanga rises to the 
height of 28,176 feet; and between this summit and Khatmandu is the 
mountain that has a greater elevation than any other in the world, 
hitherto discovered, Mount Everest, 29,002 feet. The entire chain may 
be said to have an average breadth of 150 miles ; its length is computed at 
about 1,500. 

HIMATGANJ (HIMMTITGANG). Village in Allahabad district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from the cantonment of Allahabad to Jabalpur, 
and four miles south of the former. It is situate on the left bank of the 
Jumna. Lat. 25 26', long. 81 55'. 

HIMATGARH (HIMUTGARH). Village in Gwalior State, Central 
India Agency ; ten miles south-west of the fort of Gwalior. It is situate 
at the north extremity of a narrow pass, extending from north to south, 
through a range of rocky sandstone hills, to the town of Panniar. Lat. 
26 6', long. 78 3'. 

HINDAN. River in N.W.P. ; rising in lat. 30 8', long. 77 50'. 
The Hindan has a total course of 160 miles, and falls at length into the 
Jumna in Bulandshahr district, in lat. 28 28', long. 77 28'. 

HINDATJL. Village in Muttra district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the cantonment of Meerut to that of Muttra, and seventeen miles north- 
east of the latter. Lat. 27 42', long. 77 49'. 

HINDATJN. Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Agra to Mhow, seventy-one miles south-west of the former, and 344 
north-east of the latter. Lat. 26 44', long. 77 5'. Pop. (1881), 12,761. 

HINDATJR. Village in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on the road from 
JBela to Rai Bareli, about fifteen miles from the former. Pop. (1869), 
1109. Lat. 25 55', long. 81 52'. 

HINDIA (HANDIYA). Town in Gwalior State, Central India 
Agency; on the route from Betul to Mhow, ninety miles north-west of 
former, ninety-six south-east of latter. It is situate on the left or south 
bank of the ISTarbada, here a great river, 1000 yards wide. Distant south 
from Gwalior fort 280 miles, south-east from Ujjain ninety. Lat. 22 
29'. long. 77 3'. 

HINDOL. State of Orissa, Bengal; between lat. 20 29' 30" 20 
49' 30", and long. 85 8' 35" 85 31' 15". Bounded on the north and 
east by Dhenkanal State ; on the south by Baramba and Karsinhpur 
States; and on the west by Angul State. Area, 312 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 33,802. The chief, who pays an annual tribute of 55 to the 
British Government, maintains a force of 83 men in addition to 133 
police. 

HINDOLI. Town in Bundi State, Rajputana ; three miles from the 
left bank of the Nej Nadi, and thirteen miles north-west from BunJi. 
Lat. 25 35', long. 75 34'. 

HINDON. See HINDAN. 

HINDORIA. Town in Damoh district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 3788. 

HINDOWN. See HINDAUN. 



339 

HINDRI. River of Karnul district, Madras ; falling into the Tunga- 
bhadra, in lat. 15 50', long. 78 9'. 

HINDTJPATTL Town in Shahjahanpur district, N.W.P. ; lat. 27 
59' 55", long. 80 8' 55". Pop. (1872), 6009. 

HINDTJPUR. Town in Bellary district, Madras. Lat. 13 49', long. 
79 32'. Pop. (1881), 6694. 

HINDTJR (NALAGARH). Hill State in the Punjab ; between lat. 
30 54' 30" 31 14' 15", and long. 76 39' 76 56' 45". Area, 252 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 53,373. The Raja pays an annual tribute of 
500 to the British Government. 

HINDTJR (NALAGARH). Capital of state of same name, Punjab. 
Pop. (1881), 5969. 

HINDUSTAN. A name sometimes given to the whole of India. It 
is occasionally applied to the North of India, as distinguished from 
the Deccan or the South of India, the boundary being placed either 
at the Vindhya Mountains or at the Narbada river. It is also used to 
designate that part of India in which Hindi and Hindustani are vernacular 
languages; namely, the N.W.P. and Oudh ; with parts of the Punjab, 
Bengal, the Central Provinces, the Central India Agency, and Rajputana. 

HINGANGHAT. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Wardha district, 
Central Provinces. Lat. 20 33' 30", long. 78 52' 30". Pop. (1881), 
9000. A centre of the cotton trade. Area of tahsil, 721 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 110,595. 

HINGLAJGARH (HINGLAISGARH). Hill-fort in Indore State, 
Central India Agency. Considered impregnable until captured by a 
British detachment, under Major Sinclair, on 3rd July, 1804. Distant 
from Indore, north, 130 miles; from Ujjain, north, 100 miles. Lat. 24 
40', long. 75 50'. 

HINGML Town in Haidarabad State; on the right bank of the 
Penganga river, and 168 miles north by west from Haidarabad. Lat. 
19 43' ; long. 77 57'. 

HINGNAH. Town in Bhandara district, Central Provinces. Lat. 
21 2', long. 79 2'. 

HINGNL Town in Wardha district, Central Provinces. Lat. 20 
55', long. 78 45'. Pop. (1881), 2157. An annual fair is held in this 
town. 

HINGOLI. Town in Haidarabad State ; on the route from Haidar- 
abad to Akola, 185 miles north-west of the former, and seventy-two 
miles south of the latter. Lat. 19 43', long. 77 11'. 

HINGON A. Village in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; on the 
route from Agra to the fort of Gwalior, forty-seven miles south of former, 
twenty -three north-west of latter. It is situate on the left bank of the 
small river Kohari. Lat. 26 32', long. 77 58'. 

HINGTINGHAT. See HINGANGH-XT. 

HINWA. River of Nepal State; rising in lat. 27 20', long. 88 4', 
on the western slope of a spur of the Himalayas which connects the main 
or Snowy range with that known as the Sub-Himalaya; falls into 
the Tambur on the left side, in lat. 27 9', long. 87 24'. 

HINWA (AINWAHY Village in Sultanpur district; two miles from 
the right bank of the river Gogra, twenty-eight miles south-east of 
Faizabad, 100 east of Lucknow. Lat. 26 37', long. 82 25'. 



340 HIP HIS 

HIPTJRGAH (HIP ARGA). Town in Sholapur district, Bombay; 
twenty-three miles east of Bijapur. Lat. 16 48', long. 76 8'. 

HIRAN (HERRUN).- -Eiver of Jabalpur district, Central Provinces; 
falls into the Narbada at Sankal, in lat. 23 4', long. 79 26'. 

HIRAPITR. Town in Mandla district, Central Provinces ; on the 
route from Ramgarh to Betul, forty-seven miles south-west of the former. 
Lat. 22 30', long. 80 21'. 

HIRAPUR. Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; between Alfgarh 
and Mainpuri, and thirty- two miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 27 
33', long. 78 44'. 

HIRAPUR. State in the Central India Agency. Area, 8000 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1876), 635,000. The capital of the same name is in lat. 
24 23', long. 79 16'. 

HIRDENAGAR. Village in Mandla district, Central Provinces. An 
annual fair is held here. 

HIRDOI. Town in Bundelkhand, on the route from Gwalior to Kalpi, 
thirty-two miles west of the latter. Lat. 25 59', long. 79 20'. 

HIREHAL (HIRAHOLU). Town in Bellary district, Madras; centre 
of a brass industry. Lat. 15 0' 30", long. 76 54'. Pop. (1871), 
5024. 

HIREKEL (HIRIKELGUDDA). Range of hills in Mysore State. 

HIREMAGALUR. Village in Kadur district, Mysore State. Pop. 
(1871), 2443. 

HIRIKARA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 96. 

HIRIKERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 4. 

HIRIYTJR. Village and municipality on the right bank of the Veda- 
vati river (in taluk of same name) in Chitaldrug district, Mysore State. 
Lat. 13 57', long. 76 39' 30". Pop. (1871), 1731. Area of taluk, 764 
sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 62,607. 

HIRNI. Town in Darbhangah district, Bengal ; eighty-one miles 
east by north of Dinapur. Lat. 25 47', long. 86 24'. 

HIRODE (FRENCH ROCKS). Village in Mysore district, Mysore; 
2882 feet above the sea, and four miles north of Seringapatam. Lat. 
12 31', long. 76 45'. Pop. (1871), 4156. It is also a military 
station. 

HISALTIR. Town in North Kanara district, Bombay; 126 miles 
north by east of Mangalore. Lat. 14 42', long. 74 59'. 

HISAMPUR. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bahraich 
district, Oudh. Lat. 27 13', long. 81 39'. Pop. of pargana (1881), 
144,238. 

HISSAR. Division of the Punjab, containing Hissar, Rohtak, and 
Sirsa districts; situated between lat. 28 19' 30" 30 17', and long. 73 
57' 30" 77. Area, 8355 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,311,067. 

HISSAR. District in the Hissar division of the Punjab; between 
lat. 28 36' 29 49', and long. 75 16' 76 22'. Bounded on the 
north and north-west by Patiala State and part of Sirsa district ; on 
the east and south by Jind State and Rohtak district ; and on the 
west by Bikaner State. Area, 3540 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 504,183. 
The chief river is the Ghaggar. The chief towns are Bhawani, Hissar, 
and Hansi. The administration of the district is conducted by a Deputy- 
Commissioner and Staff. 



HIS HOB 341 

HISSAR. Town and municipality (in tahsi'l of same name) in Hissar 
district, Punjab. Lat. 29 9' 51", long. 75 45' 55". Pop. (1881), 
14,167. It is the capital, both of the district and of the division. 
A cattle farm is attached to the town, founded both for the supply of 
cattle and for improving the breed of the Province. Area of tahsil, 841 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 98,106. 

HISSTJLUB,. See HISALUR. 

HITLUGADDE. Village in Coorg, Madras. 

HITLUKERL Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 252. 

HITLUMAKKL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 10. 

HIUNLA. River in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; rises in the most 
southerly range of mountains of the Himalaya system, in lat. 29 55', 
long. 78 40'. Its direction is generally north-westerly, and after a 
course of about twenty-five miles, it falls into the Ganges, on the left 
side, in lat. 30 6', long. 78 26'. 

HIWARKHED. Town in Ellichpur district, Berar ; on the banks of 
the Pakand Nali, a tributary of the Wardha, about forty-five miles east 
of Ellichpur. Lat. 21 23' 30", long. 78 7' 30". Pop. (1881), 7300. 

HLAING. Township of Rangoon district, British Burma. Bounded 
on the north and west by Henzada, and on the south and east by 
the Hmaw-bhi and Hpoung-long townships of Rangoon. Area, 678 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1876), 19,996. 

HLAINGr. River of Henzada and Rangoon districts, British Burma. 
In its lower course it is called the Rangoon river, as it flows past that 
city into the sea. 

HLAING-BHWAI. River in Amherst district, British Burma. 
It falls into the Gyaing (a tributary of the Sal win) near its mouth, 
in lat. 16 55', long. 98 2'. 

HLAY-TSHIEP. Revenue circle, Henzada district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 2269. 

HMAW-BHI. Subdivision of Rangoon district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 70,433. The Rangoon and Irawadi Valley (State) Railway 
crosses Hmaw-bhi. 

HMAW-BHI. Township in Rangoon district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 50,487. The township is traversed by the Irawadi VaUey 
(State) Railway. 

HMAW-BHI. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British Burma. 
Bounded on the north by the Myo-khoung ; on the south by the Hrnaw- 
bhi stream ; on the east by the Pegu Yomas ; and west by the river 
Hlaing. Area, 10,231 acres. Pop. (1876), 4644. The principal village 
is Hmaw-bhi, in lat. 17 4' 40", long. 96 6' 5". Pop. 803. 

HMAW-WON. Revenue circle, at the mouth of the Rangoon river, 
in Rangoon district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 7740. 

HNAI-GYO. Revenue circle in Thonkhwa district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 5828. 

HOBIGANJ. Town in Dacca district, Bengal ; forty miles south by 
west of Dacca. Lat. 23 11', long. 90 11'. 

HOBRA. Town in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal ; lying 
on the route from Calcutta to Dacca. Distance from Calcutta, north-east, 
twenty-eight miles j from Dacca, south-west, 158. Lat. 22 52', long. 



342 HOC HON 

HOCHO (HOPCHO). River in Bashahr State, Punjab ; rises in lat. 
31 38', long. 78 48', on the western declivity of the Gantung Pass and 
soon falls into the Sutlej. 

HODAKANA. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 142. 

HODAL. Town in Gurgaon district, Punjab ; on the route from Delhi 
to Muttra, and sixty miles south of the former. Lat. 27 53', long. 
77 26'. Pop. (1881), 6453. 

HODAV ADA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 508. 

HpDDURTJ. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881) re- 
spectively of 708 and 15. 

HODUL. See HOD!L. 

HOJINO. Village in Rohtak district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Rohtak to Narnul, and six miles north of the latter. Lat. 28 8', long. 
76 12'. 

HOKAI. Town in Cachar district, Assam; 110 miles south-east of 
Gauhati. Lat. 25 6', long. 92 57'. 

HOLALGUNDI. Town in Bellary district, Madras : twenty-seven 
miles north-north-east of Bellary. Lat. 15 30', long. 77 9'. 

HOLALKERE. Village and municipality in Chitaldrug district, 
Mysore. Lat. 14 3', long. 76 15'. Pop. (1871), 3123. 

HOLALUGTJKKE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 107. 

HOLAVANHALLL Village in Tumkur district, Mysore. Lat. 13 
32', long. 77 22'. Pop. (1871), 1731. 

HOLE-HONNUR. Village in Shimoga district, Mysore ; situate on 
the right bank of the river Bhadra, which, a few miles below uniting 
with the Tunga, forms the Tungabhadra. Lat. 13 59' 10", long. 75 
43'. Pop. (1871), 1332. 

HOLKAR'S DOMINIONS. See IITOOHE. 

HOLLAL. Town in Dharwar district, Bombay; 150 miles north- 
north-east of Mangalore. Lat. 14 51', long. 75 47'. 

HOLLALKAIRA. See HOLALKERE. 

HONAVALLI. Village (in taluk of same name) in Tumkur district, 
Mysore. Lat. 13 20', long. 76 24' 45". Pop. (1871), 2304. Area of 
taluk, 522 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 57,359. 

HONAWAR (HONOR). Port and capital of subdivision in North 
Kanara district, Bombay. Formerly a place of considerable importance. 
Pop. (1881), 6658. Lat. 14 16' 30", long. 74 29'. Area of subdivision, 
446 sq miles. Pop. (1881), 85,625. 

HONGAL. Town in Belgaum district, Bombay. Lat. 15 48', 
long. 74 54'. Pop. (1872), 9001. Once a year a large fair is held, 
at which all the most noted wrestlers of the surrounding country as- 
semble. 

HONHTTLLL See HONNALI. 

HONNALI. Village and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Shimoga district, Mysore. Lat. 14 14' 30", long. 75 41' 20". Pop. 
(1871), 2492. Area of taluk, 498 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 65,787. 

HONNAVALLI. Village in Coorg, Madras. 

HONNEKERI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 21. 

HONNTJHOL (HONNOHOLL, SUVARNAV ATI). River of Mysore 
district, Mysore, and Coirnbatore district, Madras ; falls into the 
Kaveri. 



HOS 343 

KONWAR. Town in Belgaum district, Bombay ; twenty miles west 
of Bijapur. Lat. 16 49', long. 75 30'. 

HOOGHLY. See HtJGii. 

HORAVELE.- Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 75. 

HORSLEYKONDA. Hill-range in Cuddapah district, Madras. Lat. 
13 37' 30", long. 78 24'. About 4000 feet high. 

HORTI. Town in Satara district, Bombay; twenty miles north by 
east of Bijapur. Lat. 17 6', long. 75 51'. 

HORURIT. Tillage in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 593. 

HOSABIDTI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 449. 

HOSAGUTTL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 70. 

HOSAHALLI. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881) re- 
spectively of 106, 77, and 63. 

HOS AKERL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 272. 

HOS AKOTE. Villages in Coorg, Madras, having a pop. (1881) re- 
sppctively of 226, 153, and 124. 

HOSALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 37. 

HOSANG HAJTJ. Town in Caehar district, Assam; 116 miles south- 
east of Gauhati. Lat. 25 7', long. 93 6'. 

HOSAPATNA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 132. 

HOSDURG (HOSDTJRGA). Town in South Kanara district, Madras ; 
on the route from Cannanore to Mangalore. Lat. 12 18' 29", long. 75 
9' 15". Pop. (1871), 5162. 

HOSDURGA. Village and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Chitaldrug district, Mysore ; 100 miles north by west from Serin gapatarn, 
and 117 miles north-east from Mangalore. Lat. 13 48' 10", long. 76 20'. 
Pop. (1871), 2309. Area of taluk, 667 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 60,820. 

HOSHANGAB AD. District in the Narbada division, Central Pro- 
vinces, between lat. 21 40' 22 59', and long. 76 38' 30" 78 45' 30". 
Bounded on the north by Bhopal, Gwalior, and Indore States of the 
Central India Agency, on the other side of the Narbada ; on the east by 
Narsinhpur district, separated by the Dudhi river; on the south by 
Western Berar, Betvil, and Chhindwara districts; and on the west by 
Kimar district. Area, 4437 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 488,787. The 
chief mountains are the Satpura range. The chief rivers are the Nar- 
bada with its many tributaries, and the Tapti. The chief town is 
Hoshangabad, the capital. The Great Indian Peninsula Railway traverses 
the district, which is administered by a Deputy Commissioner and staff. 

HOSHANGAB AD. Tahsil in Hoshangabad District, Central Provinces, 
between lat. 21 41' 22 59', and long. 76 38' 78 44'. Area, b90 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 152,182. 

HOSHANGABAD. Capital of Hoshangabad district, Central Pro- 
vinces. Lat. 20 45' 30", long. 77 46'. Situate on the left or south 
bank of the river Narbada. Pop. (1881), 15,863. 

HOSHIARPTIR. District in Jalandhar division of the Punjab ; be- 
tween lat. 30 58' 32 5', and long. 75 31' 76 41' 15". Area, 2180 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 901,381. Bounded on the north-east by Kangra 
district and Nalagarh State ; on the north and north-west by the river 
Beas ; on the south-west by Jalandhar district ; and on the south by 
the river Sutlej and Umballa district. The chief mountains are parts 
of the Himalayan ranges and the Siwalik hills. The chief river is 



344 HOS-HPA 

the Sutlej. The chief towns are Hoshiarpur (the capital) and Urmar- 
Tanda. 

HOSHIARPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Hoshiarpur district, Punjab. Lat. 31 32' 13", long. 75 57' 17". Pop. 
(1881), 21,363. It is the capital of the district. Area of tahsil, 478 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 239,486. 

HOSKOT (USKOTTA). Town and municipality on the left bank of 
the South Pinakini (in taluk of same name), in Bangalore district, Mysore; 
eighteen miles east-north-east of Bangalore. Lat. 13 4' 50", long. 77 
49' 40". Pop. (1871), 4508. A tank with an embankment a mile long 
forms, when full, a sheet of water twelve miles in circumference. Two 
religious gatherings are held in the year, each attended by about 5000 
persons. Area of taluk, 401 sq. miles. Pop. (1871), 69,885. 

HOSPET. Town in Bellary district, Madras ; thirty-five miles west- 
north-west of Bellary. Pop. (1881), 10,219. Lat. 15 15' 40", long. 
76 26'. 

HOSSANPUR. See HASA^PUR. 

HOSUR. Town in Kolar district, Mysore. Lat. 12 45', long. 78 54'. 
Pop. (1871), 5751. 

HOSUR. Town in Salem district, Madras. Pop. (1881), 5869. 

HOSUR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 2403. 

HOTI-MARDAN. Cantonment on the right bank of the Chalpani 
river, in Peshawar district, Punjab ; thirty-three miles north-east of 
Peshawar. Lat. 34 11' 15", long. 72 6'. Pop. (1881), 2766. Also 
tahsil. Area, 632 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 83,939. 

HOUNG-THARAW. River in Amherst district, British Burma; 
rising in Siam ; it falls into the Hlaing-bhwai. 

HOUNG-THARAW. Township in Amherst district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 11,625. 

HOWRAH (HAURA). Subdistrict in Hugli district, Bengal. The 
southern part of the Hugli district, being that part opposite Calcutta 
on the west side of the Hugli river, and containing many suburbs of 
Calcutta, has been formed into the separate magistracy of Howrah. Area, 
476 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 635,381. 

HOWRAH. Subdivision of Howrah magistracy, Hugli district, 
Bengal ; between lat. 22 30' 22 41' 30", and long. 88 5' 45" 88 
24' 15". Area, 173 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 311,644. 

HOWRAH. Town and municipality in Howrah magistracy, Hugli 
district, Bengal; a suburb of Calcutta on the other side of the Hugh' 
river, but now connected with that city by a bridge. Lat. 22 35' 16", 
long. 88 23' 12". Pop. (1881), 105,206. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
35,05. 

HP A- AN. Revenue circle on the left bank of the Salwin, in Amherst 
district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 2746. 

HPA-GAT. Township in Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 9192. 

HPA-GAT. Village in Amherst district, British Burma ; capital of 
Hpa-gat township. Situated on the right bank of the Salwin, thirty 
miles from Maulmain. Contains a large cave filled with images. 

HPA-GU ANOUK. Revenue circle in llangoon district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 4830. 



HPA HUB 345 

HPA-GTT ASHE. Revenue circle at the mouth of the Tsittoung river, 
in Rangoon district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 3020. 

HPAI-KHA-TA. Revenue circle on the left bank of the Salwm, in 
Amherst district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 2253. 

HPAN-KHA-BENG. Revenue circle on the left hank of the Irawadi, 
in Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 7049. 

HPA-OITK. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 2847. 

HPOUNG-GYI. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 3881. 

HPOTJNG-LENG. Township in Rangoon district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 34,477. 

HPYOUK-TSHIEP. Township on the left hank of the Irawadi in 
Prome district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 8356. 

HPYTI. River in Toung-gnu district, British Burma; falls into the 
Tsittoung, twenty-eight miles south of Toung-gnu. 

HTAN-DAW-GYI. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 3844. 

HTAN-LE-BENG. Revenue circle in Henzada district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 2791. 

HTAN-LE-BENG. Revenue circle in Bassein district, British Burma. 
Area, 109 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 6662. 

HTAN-MA-NAING. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British 
Burma. Area, 92 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 2678. 

HTAN-PA-DAING. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 4178. 

HTAN-TA-BENG. Revenue circle in Rangoon district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1877), 3913. 

HTAN-THUN-BENG. Revenue circle in Henzada district, British 
Burma. Pop. (1876), 6080. 

HTAN-ZENG-HL A. Revenue circle on the left bank of the river 
Htan-zeng-hla, in Bassein district, British Burma. Area, 27 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1876), 2856. 

HTIEN-DAW. Revenue circle on the east bank of the Irawadi, 
in Henzada district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 8191. 

HTI-TSHWAL Revenue circle in Akyab district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 3294. 

HTOUK-MA. Revenue circle on the bank of the Irawadi, in Thayet 
district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 3182. 

HTTI-AING. Revenue circle in Amherst district, British Burma. 
Pop. (1876), 3806. 

HTUN-BHO. Revenue circle on the Irawadi, in Prome district, 
British Burma. Pop. (1876), 4185. 

HTTJN-TA-LTIT. Revenue circle on the right bank of the Irawadi, in 
Za-lwon district, British Burma. Pop. (1876), 4458. 

HUBB. See HAB. 

HTJBLI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Dharwar district, 
Bombay. Lat. 15 20', long. 75 12'. Pop. (1881), 36,667. Centre of 
the cotton trade of the Southern Marhatta country. Area of subdivision, 
311 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 91,997. 

HUBRA. See HiimA. 



346 HUB HTJL 

HTJBSHL See JINJIRA. 

HUDDTJR. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 226. 

HTTDIALL See HADIALT. 

HUDIKERI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Lat. 12 5', long. 76. 
Pop. (1881), 693. 

HUDISARA. Town in Kamrup district, Assam; forty-seven miles 
north-west of Gauhati. Lat. 26 34', long. 91 10'. 

HTJDTIGTIR. Village in Coorg, Madras. 

HUGLI RIVER. One of the mouths of the Ganges; the most 
westerly and the most important, being the river on which Calcutta is 
situated. It is formed by the union of the Bhagirathi, the Jalangf, and 
the Matabhanga ; which three rivers leave the main channel of the 
Ganges further up. The Hugh flows between the Bengal districts of 
Hugh and Midnapur on the west, and of Murshidabad and the Twenty- 
four Parganas on the east. Its length is about 120 miles; forty miles 
above Calcutta, and eighty miles below. It falls into the Bay of Bengal, 
in lat. 21 41', long. 88. 

HUGH District in Bardwan division, Bengal; between lat. 22 13' 
45" 23 13' 15", and long. 87 47' 88 33'. Area (including Howrah), 
1223 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 1,012,768. Bounded on the north by 
Bardwan district ; on the east by the Hugh' river ; on the south by the 
Rupnarayan river; and on the west by the Rupnarayan and Bardwan 
district. The chief rivers are the Hugh', the Damodar, and the Rupna- 
rayan. The chief towns are Hugh (the capital) and Chinsurah, Howrah, 
Serampur, Baidyabati, and Bansbaria. The East Indian Railway traverses 
the district, which, in addition to other educational institutions, contains 
Hugh College, attended by more than 3000 students. 

HUGLI. Town, municipality, and station on East Indian Railway 
(in subdivision of same name), in Hugh district, Bengal. Lat. 22 54' 
44", long. 88 26' 28". Pop. (1881), 31,177. Hugh and Chinsurah 
form one continuous town, which is the capital of the district. Hugh 
was obtained from the Nawab of Bengal in 1640, by a grant to Dr. 
Boughton, who had cured the Emperor's favourite daughter. Area of 
subdivision, 442 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 308,217. Also thana. Area, 
27 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 54,176. 

HUGRI (VADAVATTI). River of Mysore State and Bellary district, 
Madras ; falls into the Tumbhadra at Hatshalli, in lat. 15 43' 20", long. 
76 57' 50". 

HUJAMRL See HAJAMRO. 

HTIJRA. Town on the Khanwa Canal, in Montgomery district, 
Punjab. Lat. 30 44' 30", long. 73 52'. Pop. (1868), 2989. 

HUKERI Town in Belgaum district, Bombay ; thirty miles north- 
north-east of Belgaum. Lat. 16 13', long. 74 38' 20". Pop. (1872), 
5364. 

HTJKIO. Pass in Bashahr State, Punjab, and Thibet. Elevation 
above the sea, 15,786 feet. Lat. 31 36', long. 79'. 

HUKTJMATWALA. Village in Firozpur district, twelve miles south- 
east of Firozpur. Distant north-west from Calcutta 1159 miles. Lat. 
30 52', long. 74 35'. 

HTJLDATJR. See HALDAUE. 

HTJLDL See HALDI. 



HUL HOT 347 

HULDIPTTKRL See HALDIPTTKRI. 

HTJLDUG GHAT. See HALDUG-GH!T. 

HTJLI (HULEH). Town in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab; 
situated ten miles from the right bank of the Indus, forty-five miles 
west by south of the town of Multan. Lat. 29 59', long. 70 
49'. 

HTJLIGIRI. Town in Haidarabad State ; twenty-eight miles west by 
south from Mudgal, and seventy-eight miles east-north-east from Dharwar. 
Lat. 15 57', long. 76 8'. 

HULIORDRUG. See HULIYIR-DURGA. 

HTILIYAR. Village and municipality in Chitaldrug district, Mysore ; 
forty-six miles south by east of Chitaldrug. Lat. 13 35', long. 76 34' 
51". Pop. (1871), 1708. 

HTTLIYAR-DTIRGA. Village and municipality in Tumkur district, 
Mysore; forty miles south of Tumkur. Lat. 12 49' 20", long. 77 4' 
30". Pop. (1871), 2158. 

HULLEHNOH. See HALING. 

HULLIA. See HALIYA. 

HULLIAL. See HALIY!L. 

HTILLIJEH. See HALIJ!. 

HTJLSE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 281. 

HTJLSUNGL See HALSANGI. 

HULSTIR. Town in Haidarabad State; 106 miles north-west of 
Haidarabad. Lat. 18, long. 77 6'. 

HULUGORINAGAR. Town in Sibsagar district, Assam; thirty 
miles north-east of Sibsagar. Lat. 27 16', long. 95 3'. 

HULUGTJNDA. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 72. 

HULUKODIT. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 116. 

HTILTJSE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 144. 

HTJLWTJD. See HALWAD. 

HTJLY ONORE. See HOLE-HONNUR. 

HTJMAPUKHUR. Town in Nepal State ; seventy-one miles north- 
west from Khatmandu, and 1 35 miles north-east by north from Gorakh- 
pur. Lat. 28 24', long. 84 28'. 

HTIMBER. See HAMBAR. 

HTJMCHA. Village in Shimoga district, Mysore. Lat. 13 51', long. 
75 16'. Pop. (1871), 776. 

HUMIRPTJR. See HAMIRPTJR. 

HUMNABAD. Town in Haidarabad State ; ninety-two miles west- 
north-west from Haidarabad, and 109 miles north from Eaichur. Lat. 
17 45', long. 77 13'. 

HUMP ASAGRA. Town in Bellary district, Madras ; fifty-nine miles 
west of Bellary. Lat. 15 9', long. 76 8'. 

HUN ASEKAYIHOSALLL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881),15. 

HUNDAUR. See HINDAUR. 

HTTNDIA (HINDIA, HUNDERAH). Town in Allahabad district, 
N.W.P. ; on the route from Allahabad to Benares, and twenty-three 
miles south-east of the former. Lat. 25 22', long. 82 15'. 

HTJNDRL See HINDRI. 

HUNGRTJNG. See HANGEANG. 

HUNGTJ. See 



348 HUN HITS 

HUNGUND. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Kaladgi district, 
Bombay. Lat. 16 3', long. 76 6' 30". Pop. (1881), 5416. Area of 
subdivision, 518 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 80,037. 

HUN-MYOUK-BHET. Revenue circle in Kyouk-hpyu district, 
British Burma. Area, 24 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 2668. 

HUNNUMANA. See HANUMANA. 

HUNSASIR. Town in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; eighty miles north 
by east from Jodhpur, and forty-two miles south from Bikaner. Lat. 27 
25', long. 73 20'. 

HUNSUR. Town and municipality on right bank of the Lakshman- 
tirtha, in Mysore district, Mysore ; twenty-eight miles west of Mysore. 
Lat. 12 17' 40", long. 76 19' 5". Pop. (1871), 4293. 

HUNTERGANJ. Thana in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. Area, 480 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 56,954. 

HUNTER'S ISLAND. Small island off the coast of Sandoway 
district, British Burma ; situate just outside of St. Andrew's Bay. Lat. 
18 16', long. 94 23'. 

HUNUGUNDA. See HUNGUND. 

HUNUMANGANJ. Tillage in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Allahabad to Benares, and twelve miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 25 25', long. 82 5'. 

HURAGAON. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; fifty- 
two miles west from Hoshangabad, and seventy miles east from Indore. 
Lat. 22 43', long. 76 58'. 

HURAH. See HARHA. 

HURANG. Hills in Cachar district, Assam. 

HURHURL Village in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the town of Bareilly to Moradabad, and nineteen miles north-west of the 
former. Lat. 28 30', long. 79 15'. 

HURIAWALA. Village in Firozpur district, Punjab ; on the route 
from Firozpur to Simla, and twenty-four miles south-east of the former 
town. Distant north-west from Calcutta 1100 miles. Lat. 30 42', long. 
74 40'. 

HURINGOTTAH RIVER See HARINGHATA. 

HUROWRAH. See HARAURAH. 

HURRAH. See HARA. 

HURREAH. See HARIHA. 

HURRIKPUGUR. See HARIKPUKAR. 

HURRIORPUR. See HARIHARPUR. 

HURRISUNKRA. See HARISANKAR. 

HURRYAL. See HARIYAL. 

HURSOLE. See HARSOL. 

HURSUKE GURHI (GURHI HURSEORO). See HARSTTKH GARHT. 

HUSAINABAD. Thana in Lohardaga district, Bengal. Area, 652 
sq miles. Pop. (1881), 102,515. 

HUSAINABAD. Thana in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. 
Area, 40 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 67,227. 

HUSAIN BELI (AZIZPUR, AMIL-GHOT). Ferry across the Indus, 
Shikarpur district, Sind. Lat. 27 52', long. 69. 

HUSAINGANJ. Thana in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
50,985. 






HUS HYD 349 

HUSAINGANJ. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
2753. 

HTTSAINGANJ. Village in Lucknow district, Oudh ; seventeen miles 
south-west of Lucknow. Lat. 26 45', long. 80 42'. 

HUSAINPTJR. Town in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. ; on the right 
bank of the Ganges, contiguous to the station of Fatehgarh. Lat. 27 22', 
long. 79 42'. 

HUSAINPUR GHAT. Village in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. ; on 
the left bank of the Ganges, on the route from Bareilly to Fatehgarh, 
and just below the fort. Here is a ferry over the Ganges. Lat. 27 22', 
long. 79 42'. 

HUSESMATJ. See ASAMAF. 

HUSHIARPUR. See HOSHIIRPTJE. 

HUSSAIN BELA. See HUSAIN BELT. 

HUSSUNGARH. See HASANGAEH. 

HUSSUNPUR. See HASANPTJR. 

HUSTINASSOR. See HASTINAPUE. 

HUSTNAPUR. See HASTINAPUE. 

HUSWA. See HASTJ!. 

HUTEATJT. Town in Nepal State ; fifty-four miles south from 
Khatmandu, and fifty miles west by south from .Bettia. Lat. 26 55', 
long. 85 21'. 

HUTGIA. See HATGIYA. 

HUTICHINI. Town in Kashmir State, Punjab ; fifty-five miles 
south-west by south from Srinagar, and seventy-two miles north-north- 
east from Wazirabad. Lat. 33 20', long. 74 40'. 

HTJTBI-DURGA, Fortified hill of Tumkur district, Mysore. Lat. 
12 57', long. 77 11'. 

HTJTTIN. See HATIN. 

HUTTIPTIR. See HATIPTJE. 

HUVIN-HADAGILL Town in Bellary district, Madras; 165 miles 
north-north-east of Mangalore. Lat. 15, long. 75 59'. 

HYDASPES. See JHELTJM. 

HYDERABAD. See HAIDAEABAD. 

HYDERABAD ASSIGNED DISTRICTS (BERAR). See HAIDAB- 
ABAD ASSIGNED DISTRICTS. 

HYDERGARH. See HASSAFGADI'. 

HYDRAMEYL See 



350 IB IDS 



I. 

IB. River of the Dang States and Surat district, Bombay ; rising in 
lat. 20 50', long. 73 42', on the western slope of the Sahyadri range, 
and falling into the Arabian Sea, in lat. 20 43', long. 72 54'. 

IBINIVALAV ADI. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 638. 

IBRAHIM AB AD. Town on the Gurati river, in Bara Banki district, 
Oudh. Lat. 26 50', long. 81 15'. Pop. (1869), 3095. 

IBRAHIMPATA.NA. Town in Haidarabad State; sixteen miles 
south-east from Haidarabad, and 103 north-east by north from Karnul. 
Lat. 17 11', long. 78 42'. 

IBRAHIMPUR (IBRAHIMABAD). Town in Ghazipur district, 
N.W.P. Distant east from Ghazipur town, sixty miles. Lat. 25 48', 
long. 84 38'. Pop. 26,582. 

IBRAMPITR. Village in Pernem district, Portuguese India. Pop. 
(1881), 683. 

IBRAMPTJTNA. See IBRAHIMPATANA. 

ICHAGHAR. Thana in Manbhum district, Bengal. Area, 301 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 64,242. 

ICHAK. Town and municipality in Hazaribagh district, Bengal. 
Lat. 24 5' 24", long. 85 28' 13". Contains the family residence of the 
Rajas of Ramgarh. Pop. (1881), 7846. 

ICHAKADA. Village in Jessor district, Bengal. 

IGHAMATI. River of Pabna district, Bengal ; a branch from the 
Ganges, flowing into the Harasagar. Length of course, thirty -two miles. 

ICH AM ATI. River of Twenty- four Parganas district, Bengal; the 
upper part of the Jamuna, which flows from the Matabhanga. 

ICHAPUR. Town in Ganjam district, Madras; sixteen miles south- 
west of Berhampur. Lat. 19 6' 40", long. 84 44' 10". Pop. (1881), 5528. 

ICHAPITR. Town on the left bank of the Hugli, in Twenty-four 
Parganas district, Bengal; also station on the Eastern Bengal Railway, 
sixteen miles and three-quarters from Calcutta. Lat. 22 36', long. 
78 23'. 

ICHAULL Town in Bara Banki district, Oudh. Lat. 26 58', long. 
81 37'. Pop. (1869), 4570. 

ICHATJRIA. Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Ramganga, six miles south of the town of Bareilly. Lat. 28 17', 
long. 79 29'. 

ICHHAPTTR. Town in Nimar district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2302. 

ICHRA. Village in Lahore district, Punjab; suburb of Lahore. 
Pop. (1868), 5327. 

IDDTTR KONKATTDL Town in North Kanara district, Bombay; 
sixty-one miles north of Mangalore. Lat. 13 46', long. 74 50'. 

IDGrHIR. Town in Haidarabad State ; on the left or north-west bank 
of the Bhima, a considerable tributary of the Krishna. Distance from 
Haidarabad, south-west, 100 miles. Lat. 16 45', long. 77 11'. 

IDHA. Village in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on the road from Behar 
to Partabgarh, five miles from the former and twenty- six from the latter 
town. Pop. (1869), 2134. 



i 



IDU IKT 351 

IDTILABAD. Town in Haidarabad State; eleven miles from the 
right bank of the Penganga river, and 130 miles south-east by south from 
Ellichpur. Lat. 19 39', long. 78 41'. 

IDTJLABAD. Town in Haidarabad State ; ninety-five miles west by 
south of Ellichpur. Lat. 21 1', long. 76 8'. 

IEM-MAI. Revenue circle in Bassein district, British Burma. Pop. 
(1876), 4222. 

IEN-DA-PTT-RA. Eevenue circle in Rangoon district, British Burma. 
Area, 73 sq. miles. Pop. (1876), 5741. 

IGATPURI. Town and municipality (in subdivision of same name) 
in Nasik district, Bombay. Lat. 19 40', long. 73 35'. Pop. (1881), 
6306. Area of subdivision, 376 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 68,749. 

IGGADAPPA-KUNDTJ. Fortified hill in Coorg. 

IGGODHU. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 155. 

IGLAS. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Ah'garh district, N.W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 1428. Area of tahsil, 213 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 111,379. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 70,003. 

IHIJ. Town in Haidarabad State ; twenty-nine miles west-north- 
west of Karnul. Lat. 16, long. 77 43'. 

IHTIBBHIR. Town in Gujranwala district, Punjab; thirty-four 
miles from the right bank of the Ravi, thirty eight miles north-west 
of the town of Lahore. Lat. 31 58', long. 73 40'. 

IHUNG. See JHANG. 

IJASSON. Town in Barwani State, Central India Agency; on the 
left bank of the Narbada river, and 205 miles west from Betul. Lat. 22 
5', long. 74 48'. 

IJPTJRA. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. Pop. (1881), 392. 
The chief pays a yearly tribute of 23 16s. to the Gaekwar of Baroda. 

IKAH. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana ; on the route from 
Phalodi to Pokaran, and six miles north-east of the latter place. Lat. 26 
56', long. 72 4'. 

IKAIRI (AKHERI). See IKKERI. 

IKATJNA. Town (in pargana of same name) in Bahraich district, 
Oudh ; situated twenty-two miles east from Bahraich, on the road from 
that place to Balrampur. Lat. 27 33' 11", long. 81 59' 38". Pop. 
(1869), 1852. Area of pargana, 259 sq. miles. Pop. (1869), 79,421. 

IKATINA. Town in Ghazipur district, N. W.P. ; three miles from the 
left bank of the Ganges river. Distant east from Ghazipur, forty-three 
miles. Lat. 25 43', long. 84 20'. Pop., 7005. 

IKERL See IKKERI. 

IKHTIYARPUR. Town in Rai Bareli district, Oudh. Lat. 26 13' 
50", long. 81 16' 25". Pop. (1869), 5002. Noted for a coarse descrip- 
tion of cloth known as garha, and for a sweetmeat called bara, the latter 
being a speciality of the place. 

IKKERI. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the route, by 
Khasganj, from Bareilly to Aligarh, and seven miles south-east of the 
latter. Lat. 27 53', long. 78 14'. 

IKKERI. Village in Shimoga district, Mysore State. Lat. 14 7' 20", 
long. 75 3' 45". Pop. (1871), 127. 

IKTINA. Town in Maimansinh district, Bengal ; 215 miles north- 
east of Calcutta. Lat. 24 30', long. 91 7'. 



352 ILA IND 

ILAMBAZAR. Town on the Ajai river, in Birbhum district, Bengal. 
Lat. 23 37' 35", long. 87 34' 50". Noted for its lac factories. 

ILGANDEL. Town in Haidarabad State; eighty-one miles north- 
east from Haidarabad, and 123 miles south-east from Nandair. Lat. 18 
23' long. 79 4'. 

ILH AS. District in Portuguese India. Pop. (1881), 47,496. 

ILICHPUR. See ELLICHPUR. 

ILKAL. Town in Kaladgi district, Bombay; eight miles south-east 
of Hungund, and forty-six south-east of Kaladgi. Lat. 15 57', long. 
76 9'. Pop. (1881), 9574. 

ILLPTIR. Town in Madura district, Madras ; situate twenty miles 
south from Trinchinopoli, and forty-eight miles east by north from 
Dindigal. Lat. 10 32', long. 78 43'. 

ILOL. State in Mahi Kantha, Bombay, paying a yearly tribute of 
186 to the Gaekwar of Baroda, and 43 to the Chief of Edar. Pop. 
(1881), 5603. 

ILOL. Capital of State of same name, in Mahi Kantha, Bombay. 
Lat. 23 59', long. 73 18'. 

ILTJR. Town in Madura district, Madras ; forty-four miles north of 
Madura. Lat. 10 33', long. 78 13'. 

IMAMGARH. Fort, in ruins, in Khairpur State, Sind, Bombay. 
Lat. 26 32', long. 69 16'. The town was reduced to ruins by Sir C. 
Napier in 1843. 

IMANGANG. Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Allahabad to Patehpur, and twenty miles north-west of the former. 
Lat. 25 31', long. 81 40'. 

IMJONG. Town of Lakhimpur district, Assam ; fifty -nine miles east- 
south-east of Sadiya. Lat. 27 28', long. 96 32'. 

IMLAK. Village in Partabgarh district, Oudh ; on the route from 
the cantonment of Gorakhpur to that of Sultanpur, and fifteen miles 
north-east of the latter. Lat. 26 15', long. 82 21'. 

IMLIA. See AMILEA. 

IMRATPUR. Town in Farrukhabad district, KW.P. ; on the route 
from Shahjahanpur to Fatehgarh, twelve miles north of the latter, and 
less than a mile from the left bank of the Ganges. Lat. 27 32', long. 
79 40'. 

IMRITPUR. Pargana in Aligarh district, KW.P. Pop. (1881), 
47,214. 

IN AYAT-KA SARAL Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on 
the route from Allahabad to Benares, and eight miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 25 25', long. 82. 

INCHALKARANJI. State in the Kolhapur Agency, Bombay. 
Area, 201 sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 59,330. The chief pays a yearly 
tribute of 200 to Kolhapur. 

INCHALKARANJI. Capital of State of same name, Bombay. 
Lat. 16 41', long. 74 31'. Pop. (1881), 9107. 

INDAPTJR. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Poona district, 
Bombay. Lat. 18 6', long. 75 4'. Pop. (1872), 7740. Area of sub- 
division, 567 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 48,114. 

INDAR. Thana in Bankura district, Bengal. Area, 124 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 78,809. 



IKD 353 

INDARPAT. Village in Delhi district, Punjab; in the immediate 
vicinity of Delhi. Lat. 28 36' 30", long. 77 17' 30". 

INDARUM. Town in Chanda district, Central Provinces ; three 
miles from the left bank of the Wainganga, and 138 miles south-east by 
south from Nagpur. Lat. 19 25', long. 80 6'. 
INDAUR. See INDORE. 
INDERAOTI. See INDRAVATI. 
INDERGARH. See INDEAGARH. 

INDGARH. Town in Ludhiana district, Punjab ; on the route from 
Ludhiana to Firozpur, and thirty-three miles west of the former place. 
Lat. 30 55', long. 75 20'. 

INDI. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Kaladgi district, 
Bombay. Lat. 17 11', long. 76. Pop. (1872), 4675. Area of sub- 
division, 871 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 71,940. 

INDIA. The Indian Empire (including British Burma) is that part of 
Asia which lies south of the Himalaya Mountains ; east of Afghanistan, 
Baluchistan, and the Arabian Sea ; and west of China, Burma, and Siam. 
Its Provinces or main divisions, with their various subdivisions, towns, 
villages, hills, lakes, and rivers, will be found more particularly described 
under their respective names in the alphabetical arrangement of this 
work. Every locality in this Gazetteer will be found referred to one 
or other of the following main divisions, whose geographical position, 
limits, area, population, etc., are fully described under their own re- 
spective headings : 

(1). Assam (under a Chief Commissioner). 
(2). Bengal, or The Lower Provinces of Bengal (under a Lieutenant- 

Governor). 

(3). British Burma (under a Chief Commissioner). 
(4). North- West Provinces (under a Lieutenant- Governor). 
(5). Punjab (under a Lieutenant-Governor). 
(6). Nepal State (under a Chief, who corresponds with the Government 

of India through the Eesident at Khatmandu). 
Bhutan State (under Chiefs of imperfectly-known jurisdiction). 
Rajputana (under the Chiefs of the various States, who correspond 
with the Government of India through the Governor-General's 
Agent for Rajputana). 

(9). Central India Agency (under the Chiefs of the various States, who 
correspond with the Government of India through the Governor- 
General's Agent for Central India). 

!10). Central Provinces (under a Chief Commissioner). 
11). Bombay Presidency (under a Governor). 
(12). Madras Presidency (under a Governor). 
'13). Haidarabad State (under a Chief who corresponds with the Govern- 

ment of India through the Resident at Haidarabad). 
(14). Berar, or Haidarabad Assigned Districts (under the Resident at 

Haidarabad). 
(15). Mysore State (under a Chief who corresponds with the Government 

of India through the Resident at Mysore). 
(16). Coorg (under the Resident at Mysore). 

Attached to the Provinces of Bengal, the North- West Provinces, the 
Punjab, the Central Provinces, Bombay, and Madras, are a large number 

23 



(7). 
(8). 



354 IND 

of States ; whose Chiefs correspond with the Government of India 
through the respective local administrations, and whose territories, con- 
sequently, are referred to the respective Provinces. 

The most northerly point of the Indian Empire is in the Kashmir 
State, in or about lat. 37 north ; its most westerly point is in Sind, 
Bombay, about long. 66 ; its most southerly at Cape Comorin, in Madras, 
about lat. 8 ; and its most easterly in British Burma, about long. 98 
32'. The whole contains an area of 1,377,540 sq. miles; and a popula- 
tion (1881) of 253,941,309. These figures are inclusive of Native States 
(area, 509,284 sq. miles; pop. (1881), 55,140,456). 

INDMEYL See EDMI. 

INDORE. State in Central Indian Agency ; the name of the capital 
being given to all the possessions of the great Marhatta princely dynasty 
named Holkar. These consist of many isolated tracts, some of them 
lying remote from the others ; scattered between lat. 21 24' 24 14', 
and long. 74 28' 77 10'. The largest tract, which is 120 miles long 
and eighty-two broad, lies on both sides of the Narbada river ; others 
are situated on the banks of the Chambal and its tributaries. The 
hills of the State are connected either with the Vindhya or with the 
Satpura range of mountains. The chief towns are Indore (the capital), 
Mandlesar, Mehidpur, Rampura, Bhanpura, Chandwara, and the British 
cantonment of Mhow. The total area is 8075 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 1,054,237. The State is traversed for a distance by a branch 
of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, known as the Holkar State 
Railway ; there is also the Nimach State Railway, which connects Indore 
with the N.W.P. The most important industry in the State is the 
cultivation of Opium. The Maharaja is (1881) a G.C.S.I., a C.I.E., and a 
Counsellor of the Empress. He is entitled to a salute of nineteen guns, 
but he receives twenty-one guns in his own territory, and as a personal 
distinction he has been granted twenty-one guns in British territory. He 
maintains a force of 3100 regular and 2150 irregular infantry, 2100 regular 
and 1200 irregular cavalry, 340 artillerymen, and twenty-four field guns. 

INDORE. District in State of same name, Central India Agency. 
Area, 3945 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 562,798. 

INDORE. City in Indore State, Central India Agency; the capital 
of the possessions of H.H. the Maharaja Holkar; situate in a plain of no 
great extent on the left bank of the small river Katki or Kan. Indore 
is the head-quarters of the Governor-General's Agent for Central India. 
Pop. (1881), 75,401. The British cantonment of Mhow is distant, south- 
east, thirteen miles. Jemnah, or Old Indore, is situate on the right side 
of the stream. The present capital is 1998 feet above the sea, and the 
Maharaja's palace is conspicuous from every point, and distant south- 
west from Agra 402 miles ; south-west from Dehli 494 ; south from 
Nimach, 142; south from Nasirabad, by Ni'mach, 285; south-west from 
Sagar, 224 ; south-west from Allahabad, by Sagar, 537 ; west from 
Calcutta, by Allahabad, 1030; north-east from Bombay, vid Malegaon' 
and Nasik, 377. Lat. 22 42', long. 74 54'. 

INDORE POLITICAL AGENCY. Part of the Central India Agency, 
comprising Indore, Dewas, and Bagli States. 

INDORI. Small river of TJlwar State, Rajputana, and Gurgaon dis- 
trict, Punjab; falls into the Najafgarh swamp. 






355 

INDOS. Town in Bardwan district, Bengal ; 62 miles north-west 
of Calcutta. Lat. 23 9', long. 87 41'. 

INDPALSIR-KA-BAS. Village in Bikaner State, Rajputana; on the 
route from Ratangarh to Bikaner, and thirty miles east of the latter. 
Lat. 27 55', long. 74 15'. 

INDRAGARH. Town in Farrukhabad district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Kalpi to Fatehgarh, and thirty-four miles south of the latter. 
Lat. 26 56', long. 79 45'. 

INDRAGARH. Town in Datia State, Central India Agency ; thirty- 
two miles north from Jhansi, and thirty-two miles south-east from, 
Gwalior. Lat. 25 55', long. 78 40'. 

INDRAGARH. Fort and town in Bundi State, Rajputana ; forty-five 
miles north-east of the town of Kotah. Lat. 25 41', long. 76 19'. 

INDRAL. Town in Haidarabad State ; three miles from the left bank 
of the Manjira, and 111 miles west-north-west from Haidarabad. Lat. 
18 12', long. 77 6'. 

INDRAPUR. Village in Rampur State, N.W.P ; on the route from 
Bareilly to Almora, and fifty-one miles north of the former. Lat. 2b 
57', long. 79 26'. 

INDRAVATI. River of Bastar State, Central Provinces ; rising in 
lat. 19 56', long. 81 50', and falling into the Godavari river on the left 
side, in lat. 18 40', long. 80 20'. 

INDRI. Town in Karnal district, Punjab ; on the right bank of the 
Delhi Canal, and fifteen miles north of Karnal. Distant north-west from 
Calcutta 980 miles. Lat. 29 52', long. 77 8'. 

INDUR. Town in Haidarabad State ; ninety-four miles north by 
west from Haidarabad, and 162 miles east- north-east from Sholapur. 
Lat. 18 40', long. 78 10'. 

INDURGARH. See INDEAGAEH. 

INDTJRPUR. See INDEAPUE. 

INDURTL Town in Haidarabad State ; on the left bank of one of 
the branches of the Kistna river, and thirty-eight miles south-east from. 
Haidarabad. Lat. 17, long. 78 59'. 

INDUS. A great river of Asia, rising in Thibet, and flowing through 
Kashmir State, the Punjab, and the Sind division of Bombay. Its length 
is about 1800 miles, and its drainage-area is supposed to be about 372,700 
sq. miles. It rises on the northern side of Mount Kailas, a sacred hill 
north of the main Himalaya range, in lat. 32, long. 81 30'. Near its 
source, it bears the name of Sinh-ka-bab, or " lion's mouth," from a 
superstitious belief as to its origin. It enters the Ladakh province 
of Kashmir State in about lat. 32 56', long. 79 22' ; and flows past 
Leh, the capital of that province, and touches Iskardoh. Near Derbend 
it enters the Punjab in lat. 34 25', long. 72 51'; and between Iskardoh 
and Derbend it receives the Gilgit river and many other tributaries. In 
Rawal Pindi district, Punjab, it receives the Kabul river, near Attock ; 
and above Mithankot in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Punjab, it is joined 
by the Panjnad and the united waters of the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, 
Beas, and Sutlej. It enters the Sind division of Bombay in lat. 28 26', 
long. 69^ 47'; and falls into the Arabian Sea, in the Karachi and 
Haidarabad districts, by a large number of mouths extending over a sea- 
face of about 125 miles. 



356 ING IRQ 

INGALGHI. Town in Haidarabad State; 104 miles west-south-west 
from Haidarabad, and eighty-four miles east by north from Bijapur. 
Lat. 17 2', long. 77 I 7 . 

INGEMTJR. Town in Nellore district, Madras; 129 miles north- 
north-west of Madras. Lat. 14 49', long. 79 39'. 

INGLEGHL See INGALGHI. 

INHATJNA. Town (in pargana of same name) in Rai Bareli dis- 
trict, Oudh. Lat. 26 32', long. 81 32'. Pop. (1869), 3974. Area of 
pargana, 100 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 51,818. 

INJADRI. See SATPUKA MOUNTAINS. 

INJERAM. -Town in Godavari district, Madras. Lat. 16 43' long. 
82 15'. Pop. (1871), 1672. One of the earliest settlements on this 
coast. 

IN JILL Y. Town in Ganjam district, Madras ; twenty miles west- 
north-west of Ganjam. Lat. 19 29', long. 84 50'. 

INNAKONDA (VINTJKONDA). Town in Kistna district, Madras. 
Lat. 16 3', long. 79 48'. 

INTAGON. Village in Bareilly district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
the town of Bareilly to Sitapur, and twenty-nine miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 28 16', long. 79 56'. 

IPPUGALALE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 91. 

IRADATNAGAR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Agra district, 
K.W.P. ; on the route from Dholpur to Agra, fifteen miles south of 
the latter. Lat. 26 59', long. 78 9'. Area of tahsil, 166 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1872), 92,507. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 23,091. 

IRAK. River in Karachi district, Sind, Bombay ; rises at the base of 
the Bhul Hills, in the mountainous tract between Karachi and Sehwan, 
and in about lat. 25 20', long. 67 45'. It holds a course of about forty 
miles in a south-easterly direction, and empties itself, in lat. 24 53', 
long. 68 6', into the lake of Kanjar. 

IRALE. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 254. 

IRAWADI. Chief river of Upper Burma and British Burma ; rising 
in the Patkoi mountains in lat. 27 43', long. 97 25', it flows past Bhamo 
and Mandalay in Upper Burma, and enters British Burma in lat. 19 29' 
3", long. 95 15', reaching the sea by nine chief mouths, in lat. 15 50', 
long. 95 8'. Its most important mouths are the Bassein river and the 
Rangoon river. This river, which is 900 miles in length, forms the sole 
means of communication between the interior and the coast ; the bulk of 
the trade is in the hands of the " Irawadi Flotilla Company," with a fleet 
of sixty vessels. The Rangoon and Irawadi State Railway runs as far as 
Prome, a distance of 163 miles. 

IRAWADI. Division in British Burma. Area, 16,805 sq. miles 
Pop. (1881), 1,161,119. 

IREJ. See IKICH. 

IRIGH. Town on the right bank of the Betwa, in Jhansi district, 
KW.P. ; forty-two miles north-east of Jhansi. Pop. (1881), 3379. Lat. 
25 47', long. 79 8'. Formerly a place of considerable importance, as 
testified by the numerous mosques and tombs. 

IRLAPAL. Town in Nellore district, Madras ; thirty-seven miles 
south-west of Ongole. Lat. 15 12', long. 79 40', 

IRODTJ. See EEODE. 



IRQ ISK 357 

IRON ISLAND. Island off the coast of Mergui district, British 
Burma ; twenty miles in length from north to south, and two in breadth. 
Lat. 12 45', long. 98 28'. 

IRRAWADDY. See IRAWADI. 

IRRUKTTR. Village in Malabar district, Madras. Lat. 11 59', 
long. 75 37'. Pop. (1871), 4330. 

ISA. Village in Etawah district, N.W.P. ; on the route from Agra to 
Etawah, and three miles north-west of the latter. Lat. 26 48', long. 
79 2'. 

ISAGARH. Town and fort in Gwalior State, Central India Agency. 
Lat. 24 50', long. 77 55'. 

ISAI (HISIYI). Village in Mainpuri district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Aligarh to Mainpuri, and sixteen miles north-west of the latter. 
Lat. 27 21', long. 78 55'. 

ISAKAPALLL Town in Kellore district, Madras. Lat. 14 44', 
long. 80 8'. Pop. (1871), 3393. 

ISAKHANKAKOT. Village and fort in Firozpur district, Punjab ; 
on the route from Ludhiana to Firozpur, and forty-six miles west of the 
former town. Distance north-west from Calcutta, 1134 miles. Lat. 30 
57', long. 75 16'. 

ISAKHEL. Town and municipality on the high right bank of the 
Indus (in tahsil of same name) in Bannu district, Punjab. Pop. (1881), 
6692. Lat. 32 40' 50", long. 71 19'. Area of tahsil, 675 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 59,546. 

ISAN. River of Aligarh and Mainpuri districts, KW.P. ; rising in 
lat. 27 41', long. 78 27', and falling into the Ganges in lat. 26 47', 
lonsr. 80 11'. 

ISAN AGAR. Village in Kheri district, Oudh. Pop. (1869), 
2216. 

ISAN AGAR. Town in Chhatarpur State, Central India Agency; 
eighty-four miles north-east from Sagar, and three miles east from the 
right bank of the Dhasan river. Lat. 24 52', long. 79 26'. 

ISATJLI. Town on left bank of the Gumti (in pargana of same name) 
in Sultanpur district, Oudh. Lat. 26 24', long. 81 58'. Area of 
pargana, 147 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 83,342. 

ISHAMTJTTL See ICHAHATI. 

ISHAPOR. See ICHAPUR. 

ISHWARGANJ. Thana in Maimansinh district, Bengal. Area, 331 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 229,452. 

ISI. Village in Aligarh district, N.W.P. ; on the road from Aligarh 
to Muttra, and eight miles south of the former. Lat. 27 48', long. 
78 7'. 

ISIPTIRA. Village in Allahabad district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Allahabad to Jaunpur, and nine miles north-east of the former. Lat. 25 
27', long. 82 1'. 

ISIWTIN. Ruined town in Unao district, Oudh ; on the route from 
Fategarh to Lucknow, 25 miles west of the latter. Lat. 26 48', long. 
80 30'. 

ISKARDOH (SKARDO, KARDO). Capital of Baltistan, Kashmir 
State, Punjab ; situate at the confluence of the Indus with its great tribu- 
tary the Singhar, in lat. 35 12', long. 75 35'. 



358 ISL ITA 

ISLAMABAD. Town on the north bank of the Jhelum in Kashmir 
State, Punjab. Lat. 33 43', long. 75 17'. Noted for its shawl manu- 
factory. 

ISLAMABAD. See CHITTAGO^G. 

ISLAMABAD BIJHATJLL Tillage in TJnao district, Oudh ; twenty 
miles from Safipur, and twenty-seven from TJnao. Pop. (1869), 2495. 
Three religious trading fairs are held annually in this town. 

ISLAMGARH (NOHAR). Fortress in Bahawalpur State, Punjab; 
on the route from Khanpur to Jaisalmir, sixty-five miles north of the 
latter town. Lat. 27 50', long. 70 52'. 

ISLAMKOT. Town and municipality in Thar and Parkar district, 
Sind, Bombay. Lat. 21 41' 30", long. 70 13'. Pop. (1872), 862. 

ISLAMNAGAR. Town on the road from Bisauli to Sambhal (in 
pargana of same name) in Budaun district, 1SLW.P. Lat. 28 19' 
45", long. 78 46'. Pop. (1881), 5890. Pop. of pargana (1881), 82,483. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 61,805. 

ISLAMNAGAR (ISLAMGARH, ISLAMABAD). Town in Bhopal 
State, Central India Agency; on the route from Sironj to the town of 
Bhopal, fifty-five miles south of former, five north of latter. Situate at 
the confluence of the rivers Bes and Patra. Lat. 23 20', long. 77 25'. 

ISLAMNAGAR. Town in Monghyr district, Bengal, thirty-two 
miles south-south-west of Monghyr. Lat. 25, long. 85 58'. 

ISLAMPUR. Town in Satara district, Bombay, forty-eight miles 
south-south-east of Satara. Lat. 17 1', long. 74 20'. Pop. (1881), 
8949. 

ISLAMPUR. Town in Dacca district, Bengal ; eighteen miles north 
by east of Dacca. Lat. 23 59', long. 90 21. 

ISMAILGANJ (TIKRI). Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 2224. 

ISRANA. Village in Karnal district, KW.P. ; on the route from 
Karnal to Rewari, and thirty-four miles south-west of the former. Lat. 
29 16', long. 76 55'. 

ISURDA (ISITNDA). Town in Jaipur State, Rajputana; sixty miles 
south of the city of Jaipur, and near the left bank of the river Banas. 
Lat. 26 10', long. 76 10'. 

ITA. Hills in Sylhet district, Assam ; about 600 feet above sea-level. 

ITANDA. Town in Twenty-four Parganas district, Bengal. Pop. 
(1881), 7685. 

ITAPALLI. Town in Cochin State, Madras ; situate on a stream 
flowing from the Western Ghats. Distance from the city of Cochin, 
north-east, six miles; Bangalore, south-west, 292. Lat. 10 2', long. 
76 22'. 

ITAROLL Village in Etawah district, K.W.P. ; on the route from 
Lucknow to Etawah, and twenty miles east of the latter place. Lat. 
26 46', long. 79 25'. 

ITARSI. Town in Hoshangabad district, Central Provinces. Pop. 
(1881), 2138. 

ITAULI. Town in Shahjahanpur district, KW.P. ; fifty-six miles 
from Bareilly, and 100 from Lucknow. Lat. 28 2', long. 80 12'. 

ITAITNJA. Town in Lucknow district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 2141. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 53,870. 




ITA JAB 359 

ITAWA. State in Sagar district, Central Provinces ; thirty-eight 
miles north-west of Sagar. Area, 77 sq. miles. The capital of the same 
name has a pop. (1881) of 2177. 

ITKHAPUR. Town in Ganjam district, Madras; thirty-two miles 
south-west of Ganjam. Lat. 19 7', long. 84 44'. 

ITKURI. Coal-field in the valley of the Mohani river in Hazaribagh 
district, Bengal. Greatest length, fifteen miles ; average breadth, 1 mile. 

ITMADPUR. Town (in tahsil of same name) in Agra district, N.W.P. 
Pop. (1881), 1925. Pop. of tahsil (1881), 141,267. Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 66,864. 

ITMAD-UD-DAULA. Thana in Agra district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
15,120. 

ITRIA GADHALA. State in North Kathiawar, paying a yearly 
tribute of 25 to the British Government, and 8 to the Nawab of 
Junagarh. 

ITTAMAKKALA. Town and port in Nellore district, Madras. Lat. 
15 22' 30", long. 80 9' 11". Pop. (1871), 3811. 

ITTJHLL See ITAROLI. 

ITW AD. State in Rewa Kantha district, Bombay. Area, 4J sq. 
miles. The chief pays an annual tribute of 60 to the Gaekwar of 
Baroda. 

IVIKER (AIBIKA). Town and port at the mouth of the Aibika in 
Travancore State, Madras. Lat. 8 57', long. 76 37'. 

IYAKOL A. Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 394. 



JABALPUR. Division of the Central Provinces, containing Jabalpur, 
Sagar, Damoh, Seoni, and Mandla districts. Area, 18,688 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 2,201,633. 

JABALPUR. District in Jabalpur division, Central Provinces ; be- 
tween lat. 21 12' 23 56', and long. 76 40' 81 35'. Bounded on 
the north by Panna and Maihar States, on the east by Eewah State, on 
the south by Mandla, Seoni and Narsinhpur districts; and on the west 
by Damoh district. Area, 3918 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 687,233. The 
chief mountains are the Bhanrer and the Kaimur ranges. The chief 
rivers are the Mahanadi, the Gurraya, the Patna, the Hiran, and the 
Narbada. The chief towns are Jabalpur, Sihora, and Murwara. The 
district, which was formed into a separate jurisdiction in 1861, is tra- 
versed by the Great Indian Peninsula and East Indian lines. It is 
administered by a Deputy- Commissioner, with the usual staff. The 
High School at Jabalpur is a most successful institution, while several 
periodicals are published in the chief town of the district. 

JABALPUR. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Jabalpur district, Central Provinces ; it is also the capital of the district. 
Lat. 23 11', long. 79 59'. Pop. (1881), 75,705. Jabalpur, which is 
an important railway station and centre of trade, is situated amidst rocks 
,t an elevation of upwards of 1500 feet above the level of the sea; at 
s foot there are a series of lakes which make the town unhealthy for 
uropeans. Area of tahsil, 1545 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 336,168. 



360 JAB JAG 

JABARHERA. Town in Saharanpur district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
3403. 

JABBUGAON. Town in Rajpipla State, Bombay ; thirty-six miles 
north-east from Surat, and 115 miles south-south-east from Ahmedabad. 
Lat. 21 28', long. 73 18'. 

JABIKODL Village in Coorg, Madras. Pop. (1881), 16. 

JABRIA BHIL. Petty State in the Central India Agency. 

JABTJAH. See JH!BUA. 

JABUNNAGAR. Thana in Nadiya district, Bengal. Area, 77 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 40,120. 

JACK DOAB. One of the natural divisions of the Punjab, formed by 
the two rivers Jhelum and Chenab. It is the smallest of the four doabs 
bounded by the Indus and its tributaries, and lies between lat. 31 10' 
33 2', and long. 72 13' 74 48'. Its length from north-east to south- 
west is 165 miles, and its breadth thirty-three. 

JACOBABAD. Town and municipality (in taluk of same name) in 
Upper Sind Frontier district, Bombay. Lat. 28 17', long. 68 29'. 
Pop. (1881), 7365, excluding the military cantonment, which numbers 
3987 persons. It is the headquarters of the military force of the Upper 
Sind Frontier, and also of the civil administration. Area of taluk, 475 
sq. miles. Pop. (1872), 35,545. 

JADITN. Village in Jodhpur State, Rajputana; on the route from 
Nasfrabad to Dfsa, and ninety-seven miles south-west of the former. 
Lat. 25 50', long. 73 37'. 

JAFARABAD. Second-class State in Kathiawar, Bombay ; 170 miles 
south of Ahmedabad, 150 south-west of Baroda, and 165 north-west of 
Bombay; between lat. 20 50' 20 59', and long. 71 18' -71 29'. 
Area, 42 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 9405. The chief maintains a military 
force of 200 men. 

JAFARABAD. Capital of Jafarabad State, situate on the Ranai, in 
Kathiawar, Bombay. Lat. 20 52', long. 71 25'. Pop. (1872), 4903. 

JAFARABAD. Town in Haidarabad State; on a tributary of the Goda- 
vari. Distance from Haidarabad, north-west, 260 miles ; from Aurung- 
abad, north-east, forty-five ; from Bombay, north-east, 220. Lat. 20 
14', long. 76 5'. 

JAFARABAD. Town in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
Srinagar to Moradabad, and seventy miles north-west of the latter. 
Elevation above the sea, 1041 feet. Lat. 29 41', long. 78 30'. 

JAFARGANJ. Town in Dacca district, Bengal ; at the confluence of 
the Jamuna with the Ganges. Distance from Faridpur, north, twenty 
miles; Calcutta, north-east, 120. Lat. 23 52', long. 89 48'. 

JAFARGANJ. Town in Fatehpur district, N.W.P. ; one mile from 
the left bank of the Jumna, and sixteen miles west of the town of 
Fatehpur. Lat. 25 55', long. 80 34'. Pop. (1881), 1881. 

JAFARGANJ. Town on the river Gumti, in Tipperah district, 
Bengal. 

JAFFIRGANJ. Thana in Dacca district, Bengal. Area, 172 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 143,012. 

JAFLING. Village at the foot of Khasi Hills, Assam. 

JAGADHRI. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Umballa district, Punjab. It is also the capital. Thirty-seven miles 



JAG 361 

south-east of Umballa city, and three miles north of the Sind, Punjab, 
and Delhi Kailway. Lat. 30 10', long. 77 20' 45". Pop. (1881), 
12,300. Centre of metal trade. Area of tahsil, 383 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 169,640. 

JAGALUR. Village and municipality in Chitaldrug district, Mysore 
State. Lat. 14 31', long. 76 24'. Pop. (1871), 2430. 

JAGAN. Town in Shikarpur district, Sind, Bombay. Pop. (1872), 
2556. 

JAGANA. Town in Jaipur State, Yizagapatam district, Madras; 
twenty-one miles north-east by north from Jaipur, and ninety-seven 
miles north-west by north from Vizianagram. Lat. 19 16', long. 82 39' 

JAGANATH DIGHI. Town in Noakhali district, Bengal; 192 miles 
east by north of Calcutta. Lat. 23 9', long. 91 21. 

JAGANNATH. See Prof. 

JAGANNATHDIGHL Thana in Tipperah district, Bengal. Area, 
163 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 103,218. 

JAGANNATHPUR. Town in Patna district, Bengal; twenty-three 
miles east of Sherghati. Lat. 24 36', long. 85 12'. 

JAGATBALLABPUR. Thana in Howrah district, Bengal. Area, 
73 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 77,539. 

JAGATPUR. Thana in Kai Bareli district, Oudh. Pop. (1881), 
94,856. 

JAGATPUR. Village in Etawah district, N.W.P. ; on the route from 
the cantonment of Etawah to Kalpi, and thirty miles south-east of the 
former. Lat. 26 31', long. 79 28'. 

JAGATPUR. Town in Kai Bareli district, Oudh ; sixty miles south- 
south-east from Lucknow, and thirty miles east by north from Fatehpur. 
Lat. 26 4', long. 81 20'. 

JAGATSINHPUR. Town (in subdivision of same name) on the 
Machhgaon Canal, in Cuttack district, Bengal. Lat. 20 15' 50", long. 
86 12'. Pop. (1869), about 4732. Area of subdivision, 732 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1872), 336,890. Also thana. Area, 314 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
215,002. 

JAGDALPUR. Capital of Bastar State, Central Provinces. Lat. 19 
6', long. 82 4'. Pop. (1881), 4294. 

JAGDISPUR. Town and municipality in Shahabad district, Bengal. 
Lat. 25 28' 5", long. 84 28' 1". Pop. (1881), 12,568. 

JAGDISPUR. Town (in pargana of same name) in Sultanpur district, 
Oudh. Lat. 26 27', long. 81 40'. Pop. (1869), 2593. Area of par- 
gana, 155 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 190,138. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 
118,094. 

JAGDISPUR. See ISLAMNAGAK. 

JAGEPETTAH. See JAGGIAPETTA. 

JAGES WAR. Village in Kumaun district, N.W.P. ; situate on a 
rivulet of the same name, in the Sub-Himalaya range, twenty miles 
lorth-east of Almora. Lat. 29 39', long. 79 53'. 

JAGGAYYAPET. Town in Kistna district, Madras. Lat. 16 52', 
mg. 80 9'. Pop. (1881), 10,072. 

JAGGIAPETTA. Town in Haidarabad State ; three miles from the 
?ft bank of the Manjira river, and forty-four miles north-west from 
laidarabad. Lat. 17 50', long. 78 6'. 



362 JAG JAH 

JAGHESTJR. See JAGESWAK. 

JAGI. Town in JSTowgong district, Assam ; thirty-three miles east of 
Gauhati. Lat. 26 10', long. 92 17'. 

JAGIR. Name formerly given to the part of the Madras Presidency 
now called Chengalpat district, which was the earliest jagir of importance 
granted to the East India Company. 

JAGNER. Town in Agra district, N.W.P. ; thirty-five miles south- 
west from the city of Agra. Pop. (1881), 4168. Lat. 26 52', long. 
77 40'. Also thana. Pop. (1881), 39,047. 

JAGRAON. Town and municipality (in tahsil of same name) in 
Ludhiana district, Punjab ; on the Ludhiana and Firozpur road, twenty- 
nine miles south-west of Firozpur. Lat. 30 47' 20", long. 75 30' 45". 
Pop. (1881), 16,873. Area of tahsil, 409 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
138,767. 

JAGITN. See JAGAN. 

JAHAJPITR. Town in Cuttack district, Bengal ; forty-two miles 
north-east of Cuttack. Lat. 20 51', long. 86 24'. 

JAHALTT. See JHALTT. 

JAHANABAD. Town (in subdivision of same name) in Gaya district, 
Bengal. Lat. 25 13' 10", long. 85 2' 10". Pop. (1881), 5286. Area 
of subdivision, 607 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 385,189. Also thana. Area, 
383 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 274,754. 

JAHANABAD. Town (in pargana of same name) in Pilibhit district, 
KW.P. Pop. (1881), 3971. Pop. of pargana (1881), 51,736. 

JAHANABAD. Town on the Dhalkisor (in subdivision of same 
name) in Hugli district, Bengal. Lat. 22 53', long. 87 49' 50". 
Pop. (1881), 10,507. Area of subdivision, 438 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 
352,596. 

JAHANABAD. Town rich in architectural remains in Fatehpur 
district, KW.P. Lat. 26 6' 2', long. 80 24' 18". Pop. (1881), 5244. 
Also thana. Pop. (1881), 33,953. 

JAHANABAD. Town in Shahabad district, Bengal; on the route 
from Hazaribagh to Benares, 118 miles north-west of former, fifty south- 
east of latter. Lat. 25 3', long. 83 52'. 

JAHANABAD. Town in Bareilly district, N.W.P. ; on the route 
from Shahjahanpur to Almora, fifty -two miles north of the former. Lat. 
28 38', long. 79 47'. 

JAHANABAD. Town in Bijnaur district, N.W.P. ; on the left bank 
of the Ganges. Lat. 29 15', loAg. 78 11'. 

JAHANABAD. Town in Allahabad district, N.W.P. ; on the left 
bank of the Ganges, 839 miles from Calcutta by the river, and thirty 
miles above the town of Allahabad. Lat. 25 36', long. 81 40'. 

JAHANABAD. Town on the left bank of the Tapti, in Gwalior 
State; seventy -nine miles from Ellichpur. Lat. 21 16', long. 76 22'. 

JAHANAGANJ. Thana in Azamgarh district, N.W.P. Pop. (1881), 
47,241. 

JAHANGIRA. Town in Bhagalpur district, Bengal; sixteen miles 
west of Bhagalpur. Lat. 25 11', long. 86 44'. 

JAHANGIRABAD. Town in Bulandshahr district, KW.P. Lat. 
28 24', long. 78 8' 45". Pop. (1881), 10,319. Also thana. Pop. 
(1881), 52,111. 



: 



JAH JAI 363 

JAHANGIRABAD. Town in Sitapur district, Oudh; twenty-nine 
miles east of Sitapur, and eight miles east of Biswan. Pop. (1869), 
2640. 

JAHANGIRPTTR. Town in Gwalior State, Central India Agency ; 
situate on the right bank of the river Chambal, and sixteen miles west 
from Ujjain. Lat. 23 11', long. 75 32'. 

JAHANGIRPUR. Town in Dhar State, Central India Agency ; 
sixty-one miles south by west from Ujjain, and twenty- two miles south- 
east from Dhar. Lat. 22 19', long. 75 33'. 

JAHANGIRPUR. Town in Bulandshahr district, N.W.P. ; on the 
route from Aligarh to Delhi, and forty-five miles south-east of the latter. 
Lat. 28 11', long. 77 46'. 

JAHANPTJR. Village in Agra district ; on the route from the city of 
Agra to Jaipur, and twenty-four miles west of the former. Lat. 27 5', 
long. 77 42'. 

JAHAUTU (JAHATU). Town in Lohardaga district, Bengal; 182 
west by north of Calcutta. Lat. 23 7', long. 85 40'. 

JAHAZGARH (GEORGEGARH). Fort in Eohtak district, Punjab ; 
built at the close of the last century by the military adventurer George 
Thomas. 

JAHJTIR. See JHAJHAK. 

JAHNAVL River in Garhwal State, 1TW.P. ; a tributary of the 
Bhagirathi, and one of the most remote head- waters of the Ganges ; 
it rises in lat. 30 55', long. 79 14'. Total length, 30 miles. 

JAHWTIR. Town in Ahmednagar district, Bombay ; nine miles east 
of Ahmednagar. Lat. 19 11', long. 74 50'. 

JAIBHUM. Town in Goalpara district, Assam ; twenty-six miles 
west by south of Goalpara. Lat. 26 4', long. 90 14'. 

JAIBTJRDI. Town in Tanna district, Bombay; eighty-one miles 
north of Bombay. Lat. 20 7', long. 72 45'. 

JAIGARH. Town in llatnagiri district, Bombay; 118 miles south by 
east of Bombay. Lat. 17 17', long. 73 19'. 

JAINAGAR. Town and municipality in Twenty-four Parganas 
district, Bengal. Lat. 22 10' 55", long. 88 27' 40". Pop. (1881), 7865. 
Also thana. Area, 73 sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 76,140. 

JAINAGAR. Town (near the Nepal frontier) in Darbhangah district, 
Bengal. Lat. 26 34' 45", long. 86 11'. 

JAINAGAR. Town in Dacca district, Bengal; 101 miles north-east 
of Calcutta. Lat. 23 29', long. 89 41'. 

JAINI. Town on the Gosthani river, in Yizagapatam district, 
Madras. Lat. 18 3', long. 83 18'. Pop. (1871), 6088. 

JAINKIPUR. See JANAKIPUH. 

JAINPUR (SAGRI). Thana in Azamgarh district, N."W.P. Pop. 
(1881), 93,476. 

JAINTIA. Part of Khasi and Jaintia Hills district and of Sylhet 
district, Assam. The mountainous portion of this ancient Raj is in- 
corporated with the former district, whilst the plains at the foot of tho 
hills have been added to Sylhet. Area, 581 sq. miles. 

JAINTIA HILLS. Mountainous region, 2000 sq. miles in extent, in 
the Khasi and Jaintia Hills district, Assam ; including an area of 2000 
sq. miles, south of Kowgong district, west of Cachar, north of Sylhet, 



864 JAI 

and east of the Khasi Hills tract, which makes up the rest of the district. 
The capital of this hilly region is Jowai. In 1861-63 there was a dis- 
turbance in this region, necessitating the despatch of British troops. 

JAINTIAPUR. Village on the Chengar Khal river in Sylhet district, 
Assam ; adjacent to the Jaintia Hills. Lat. 25 8' 7", long. 92 10' 2'. 

JAIPUR. State in Rajputana ; bounded on the north by Bikaner, 
Loharu, Jhajjar, and Patiala States; on the east by Ulwar, Bhartpur, 
and Karauli States ; on the south by Gwalior, Biindi, Tonk, and Udaipur 
States ; on the west by Kishangarh, Jodhpur, and Bikaner States. Situate 
between lat. 25 41' 28 27', and long. 74 55' 77 15'. Area, 14,465 
sq. miles. Pop. (1881), 2,534,357. The chief mountains are parts of 
the Aravalli Hills. The chief rivers are the Jumna with its many 
tributaries, the Sabi, and the Kaotli. The chief towns are Jaipur 
(the capital), Bassau, Bagra, Chatsu, and others. The Rajputana State 
Railway traverses the State. The Raja, who possesses the right of 
coining, is entitled to a personal salute of twenty -one guns, or four in 
excess of the number allotted to the State. The military forces consist 
of 824 artillerymen and 72 guns, 4450 cavalry, and 15,858 infantry. 

JAIPUR. Capital of Jaipur State, Rajputana. Lat. 26 55', long. 
75 52'. Pop. (1881), 142,578. Distant from Agra, west, 140 miles; 
from Calcutta, north-west, 850; from Delhi, south-west, 150; from 
Allahabad, north-west, 400 miles. Jaipur is one of the handsomest 
cities in Rajputana, alike from its picturesque situation amidst sur- 
rounding hills, the size of its streets, and the beauty of its mosques 
and residences. It is lighted with gas, and can boast of a college, 
banks, almshouses, hospitals, and schools. There is also in close proxi- 
mity to the city a sacred shrine, beneath which a spring, held in great 
veneration, issues forth and falls over a cascade into the valley beneath. 

JAIPUR. Town and military station in Lakhimpur district, Assam. 
Lat. 27 15', and long. 95 26'. Situate near the Naga Hills, on the 
left bank of the river Dihing. There are extensive coal-fields in the 
surrounding country. 

JAIPUR (JAJAPURAM). State in Yizagapatam district, Madras, 
between lat. 17 30' 20, and long. 81 20' 84 4'. Bounded on the 
north by Kalahandi State, Central Provinces ; on the east by the plain of 
Vizagapatam; on the south by Rekapalli and Golconda districts of 
Haidarabad State; and on the west by Bastar State. Area, 11,526 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1872), 452,454. The chief mountains are the Nnngiris 
hills. The chief rivers are the Vamsadhara and the ISTavagali. The 
chief towns are Jaipur, Kolipad, and Naorangpur. The Zamindar pays a 
yearly tribute of 1600 to the British Government. 

JAIPUR. Town in Jaipur State, Yizagapatam district, Madras. 
Lat. 18 55', long. 82 38'. Pop. (1872), 9259. 

JAIPUR. Subdivision of Cuttack district, Bengal. Area, 1104 sq. 
miles. Pop. (1881), 499,498. Also thana. Area, 321 sq. miles. Pop. 
(1881), 250,736. 

JAIPUR. Thana in Mtinbhum district, Bengal. Area, 1 75 sq. miles. 
Pop. (1881), 24,258. 

JAIRANG. Village in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills district, Assam ; 
twenty-one miles south-west by south from Gauhati, and sixty-three 
miles east-south-east from Goalpara. Lat. 25 52', long. 91 36'. 



JAI 365 

JAIRTTLA. Town in Jhang district, Punjab ; twelve miles north of 
the Ravi river, and 139 miles south-west by west of the town of Lahore. 
Lat. 30 40', long. 72 10'. 

JAIS. Town (in pargana of same name) in Eai Bareli district, Oudh ; 
four miles west of Nasirabad, and sixteen south-west of Salon. Lat. 2