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Full text of "Geiriadur Cymraeg a Saesneg : Spurrell's Welsh-English dictionary"

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GEIRIADUR CYMRAEG A SAESNEG 



Spurrell ' j 
Welsh-English Dictionary 



Edited by 

J. BODVAN ANWYL 



With a Preface hy the late 

SIR EDWARD ANWYL 



Twelfth Edition^ corrected and augmented 



Carmailbcn 

W. SPURRELL & SON 

1934 



SPURRELL'S WELSH-ENGLISH DICTIONARY 





Record of Editions 




First Edition 


1848 


Second 


„ 


1859 


Third 


„ - - 


1866 


Fourth 


., 


18&9 


Filth 


„ - 


1904 


Sixth 


,, (First Anwyi Edition) 


1914 


Seventh 


„ 


1915 


Eighth 


„ - - - 


IQ18 


Ninth 


., 


1920 


Tenth 


., - - - 


1925 


Eleventh 


„ 


1930 


Twelfth 


1» ■ ' ' 


1934 






DEDICATED BY PERMISSION 

TO 

THE RIGHT HON. SIR JOHN RHYS, P.C., D.LITT., LL.D., 

IN RECOGNITION OF HIS GREAT SERVICES 

TO LEARNING AND TO WALES. 



PREFACE TO SIXTH EDITION 



ir gives me the greatest pleasure to be able to associate mj'self most cordially 
with the present re-issue, under the editorship of my brother, J. Bodvan 
Anwyl, of Spurrell's well-known Welsh-English Dictionary. Nor is my co- 
operation confined to the writing of the present preface. Along with some 
of my friends and colleagues, I have, as opportunity offered, given the editor 
whatever assistance was within my power in the pursuance of his difficult 
task. On the one hand it was necessary to eliminate from the dictionary all 
those words whose existence is only lexicographical, while, on the other hand, 
it was found necessary to include many words, both ancient and modern, 
which have from their actual use a tr\ie place in the Welsh tongue. Owing to 
the marked increase in recent years of the students of the older Welsh litera- 
ture, it was thought advisable to e.xplain as many as possible of the words 
which might occur in the course of their reading. At the same time, it was 
regarded as most important that the Dictionary should remain a convenient 
and portable volume ; and, for this purpose, the meanings of the words had 
to be so compressed and arranged that the eye would not have far to travel 
in search of the required meaning. The present work does not pretend to be 
a substitute for a large and encyclopedic Dictionary based on historical 
principles, where the relations of the various meanings to one another are 
elaborately investigated, and exemplified by quotations. Its aim is pre- 
eminently the practical one of aiding the struggling reader and student to 
translate acciu-ately the passages that are before him. With the present 
Dictionary as his guide, and with a sound knowledge of grammar, the careful 
translator ought not to go very far astray. 

It is not improbable that the present volume will be largely used by con- 
tinental students of the Welsh tongue. There are at the various continental 
seats of learning a certain number of scholars (mostly students of philology) 
who pay some attention in the course of their philological studies to the 
Celtic languages, and, among them, to the Welsh tongue. Moreover, occa- 
sional students of Welsh are not unknown even among those whose vernacular 
is English. Henceforth, students of this type will be able to make surer 
progress in the study of Welsh through the possession of a concise but ac- 
curate Dictionary. This may possibly lead to the study abroad not only of 
the vocabulary of Welsh but also of Welsh literature. The gems of Welsh 
poetry, for example, deserve to find their place in the mental storehouses of 
the most erudite European scholars. The poetic literature of the world 
would certainly be the poorer for the absence from it of some of the poems 
that have rightly found a place in such collections as Caniadau Cymru and 
Cywyddau Cynnu, and there will always be savants in Europe and elsewhere 
whom no anti-Celtic prejudice will deter from exploring the beauties of Irish 
and Welsh literature. To men of this type an accurate and portable Dic- 
tionary, which they can carry with them in comfort during their travels, 
will be a great boon, and the elimination from the Dictionary of non-existent 
Welsh words will do much to prevent the appearance, in continental philo- 
logical v\ orks, of Welsh words which have been culled from dictionaries only 



In this way the present Dictionary, though making no pretence to be of an 
etymological character, may indirectly help to advance the comparative 
philology of the Celtic languages. 

The spelling which has been adopted for the present Dictionary is in the 
main that of the Welsh Language Society, with some slight modifications of 
a minor character, in which Prof. J. Morris Jones and myself concur, such as 
the doubling of n in words like annifyr and annherfynol, where an- bears a 
secondary accent. The orthographical system in question is a simplification 
of the traditional spelling of the language to which we are guided by the 
dominant (though not absolutely invariable) practice of the leading poets, 
as well as by the etymology of the words themselves. For example, cannu, 
to whiten, owes its nn to the original nd of the root cand- (found in Latin 
candeo), while in canu, to sing, as may be seen from the Latin crt»o, 1 sing, 
the root contained but one n. We have a similar instance of one n in terfymi, 
a derivative of ierfyn, which has come from the Latin terminus. There ap- 
pears to be in some quarters a misapprehension as to the orthographical 
principles of the Welsh Language Society, with the result that one occasion- 
ally sees such spellings as penderfynnu, mynnydd, njonnydd, and the like, 
employed by writers who imagine that thev are using forms that are in the 
highest degree acceptable to the learned promulgators of the Welsh Language 
Society's system, whereas the exact contrary is the case, since the system in 
question is no less hostile to superfluous doubling, even of n and r, than to 
the omission of the doubling of these two consonants, where there is a tradi- 
tional and etymological justification for such doubling. 

It is to be hoped that the appearance of this new edition of Spurrell's well- 
known Dictionary will be the means of promoting more thorough research 
than ever before into the vocabulary of the Welsh tongue. Those of us who 
have helped in the task of seeing the present work through the press are 
keenly alive to the importance of ascertaining with greater clearness the 
meanings of many words that occur, for example, in old Welsh poetry, as 
well as in the legal, medical, and other prose writings of the Middle Ages. 
Of great importance, too, is the study of Welsh dialects, where from time to 
time many a rare literary word has been discovered in actual living use. 
Readers of 'iiediaval MSS. would do well to note any word which they may 
discover in the course of their reading that does not occur in any Welsh 
dictionary, so that in future editions of the present work, or in any future 
dictionary that may be published, such additional words may be included, 
and students of Welsh dialects cannot be too keenly alive to the possibility 
of discovering even in colloquial speech some survivals of an earlier vocabu- 
lary. 

My brother, no less than myself, will be exceedingly grateful for any addi- 
tional light which may be thrown upon the meanings of difficult words, as 
well as for words never yet recorded. We shall be amply repaid if we can Be 
the channels for communicating to the world some further knowledge of the 
tongue of our fathers, whose very existence in the world to-day is little short 
of a miracle; and any help which we may receive from our fellow-countrymen 
towards the fulfilment of this pleasant task we shall gratefully acknowledge. 
The more critically the present Dictionary is read (so long as the criticism is 
based upon knowledge and stimulates inquiry), the better my brother and 
myself, in common with students of the language generally, will be pleased, 
since, in spite of the valuable services of previous lexicographers, the mean- 
ings of many of the older Welsh words have not yet been ascertained with 
that precision which one could desire, though it has to be frankly admitted 



that genuine progress has been made in the matter of their interpretation of 
recent years, especially through the help of Comparative Philology, the 
study of the Latin element in Welsh, and the study of Welsh Historical 
Grammar. The older translators of the Cynfeirdd and the Gogynjeirdd were 
often led astray through their imperfect acquaintance with the accidence 
and syntax of the Welsh of those periods. The marvel is that, with such 
imperfect instruments, the older students of early Welsh literature should 
have accomplished so much, and the present writer cordially joins with his 
fellow-countrymen in paying a tribute of respect to those scholars and stu- 
dents, without whose aid in the past Welsh lexicography would have been 
in a far worse plight than it is to-day. 
October 31, 1913. E. ANWYI.. 



NOTE 

My brother. Sir Edward Anwyl, died on August 7th, 1914, having survived 
his forty-eighth birthday by exactly two days. Under the circumstances I 
have thought it desirable to define more clearly his relation to this work, 
which, as will be seen from the preface, has been close and intimate. While 
my brother's numerous and varied activities precluded him from collaborating 
actively in its preparation, he was always a most willing and helpful consultant. 
During the first revision it was my practice to reserve every word of any 
difficulty, and submit it to him. By this means hundreds of words were either 
eliminated or re-defined. The list of place-names he himself corrected, whilst 
the list of prefixes and suffixes, though prepared by myself in the first instance, 
was subjected by him to a careful revision. The whole dictionary was then 
read in proof by him, as well as by most of the other scholars whose aid I 
sought, and after the issue of the work he would communicate to me from 
time to time any discoveries which he or his friends might make. In this 
way many errors were corrected, and several of his own former judgments 
were reversed. For the present edition he read carefully for me the Black 
Book of Carmarthen, the Book of Aneirin, the Book of Taliessin, and the 
poetry in the Red Book of Hergest. The greater part of the words thus col- 
lected are in this edition recorded and defined, but a considerable proportion 
were reserved by him for fuller consideration. These words I have now sub- 
mitted to a scholar whom my brother suggested as being as likely as anyone 
to be able to shed further light upon them. As close comparison with the 
original manuscripts will be necessary in many cases, some time must perforce 
elapse before this can be done ; but in the meantime it is hoped that the 
scholarly treatment given for the first time to many of the most difficult words 
m.the language will prove of the utmost value to the student of our older 
Welsh literature. Although my brother took the keenest interest in the present 
revision, his untimely death prevented him from seeing any of the proof. 
As with the former edition, all executive responsibility must necessarily rest 
with me alone. 

May I, 1915. J. BODVAN ANWYL. 



EDITOR'S PREFACE TO SIXTH EDITION 



The present work is a revision of William SpurreH's Welsh-English Dic- 
tionary, first publislied in 1848, under the title, A dictionary of the Welsh 
language, with English synonym es and explanations. The great advance made 
by scientific Welsh studies since that time has rendered its revision imperative, 
but the vogue in which the work has been deservedly held during the past 
half century has made it abundantly clear that, in the work of revision, due 
regard must be had to the qualities which ensured it such permanent success. 
It is confidently hoped that this revision will be found to have preserved all 
the more valuable features of the old, whilst adding many more which time 
has demonstrated to be necessary. 

Orthography. — The most obvious change which has been made has been 
in the orthography. The older Welsh orthography having become cumbrous 
and unwieldy, many attempts were made during the eighteenth century to 
reform it, mainly in the direction of simplifying the double letters. Reforming 
zeal, however, was soon pushed so far that many and conflicting modes of 
spelling soon occupied the field, until the result was general confusion; and 
some of the simplified systems were more difficult than that which they 
displaced. 

Latterly, through the exertions of the Orthographical Committee of the 
Welsh Language Society, guided by its learned chairman. Sir John Rhys, and 
its gifted secretary, Professor John Morris Jones, a system of spelling has been 
evolved, which, while simplif3,Tng the older usage, preserves every char- 
acteristic feature of importance. Briefly, the reformed spelling doubles no 
consonant save n and r, and, in the doubling or non-doubling of these, regard 
is had to the main traditional practice of Welsh orthography. Where a mono- 
syllable contains a long vowel, the consonant remains single when a syllable 
is added, whereas when the vowel is short, it is doubled. There is no doubling, 
however, when another consonant, including consonantal w and i, follows. 
Thus syn gives synnu and syniad. It is with polysyllables that the student 
will experience most difficulty. In these n and r are never doubled in un- 
accented syllables. Diminutive suffixes, such as -yn and -en, require a double 
consonant when a syllable is added, while -an and -ww as a rule do not. 
Examples: rheffynnau, dolennau ; cabanau, pasty nan. Telynau ana terfynau 
come under a different rule, and admit of no doubling. Where n and r are 
traditionally doubled, they almost invariably represent the phonological 
result of the union of two consonants. In this reformed spelling, accent 
marks are reduced to a minimum. As a rule the circumflex should be omitted 
when a syllable is added : thus, Ian, fanan. Short vowels are unmarked. 
The diuresis is used very sparingly. It is needless to add further ortho- 
graphical explanations. For the theory of this system of spelling the student 
is referred to the Welsh Language Society's Report on Welsh Orthography, 
and for its application, with a few modifications sanctioned by Professor 
Morris Jones, to this dictionary. Where certciin letters have been included in 
brackets, the historical evidence has been insufficient to allow of definite 
decision. 



viii khitor's preface 

To those who are acquainted only with the conventional systems of the 
nineteenth century, the spelling may occasionally appear unfamiliar, but to 
the student of the Welsh classics the gain will be great, as the words will be 
found spelt as nearly as possible to their actual historical form, thus con- 
siderably facilitating reference ; and, in the vast majority of instances, the 
aspect of the words in the orthography here adopted will seem quite familiar. 

Vocabulary. — A comparison of this dictionary with its predecessors will 
reveal a thorough overhauling both of words and definitions. Whilst a large 
number of spurious words and useless derivatives have been excluded, hundreds 
of words, both new and old, have been added. In a Welsh dictionary it is 
impossible to exclude words on account of their being obsolete; for, the literary 
language being largely traditional, old and rare words, for which there is no 
demand in current speech, may at any time be brought into use. This is 
'especially true of Welsh ' Cynghanedd ' poetry, much of which is quite un- 
intelligible to the ordinary reader without the aid of a dictionary. Then 
again, the literary language being founded upon a variety of dialects, many 
apparently obsolete words may still have a valid local currency. It therefore 
became a problem how to deal with those words which no man would venture 
to describe as current Welsh. Their omission was clearly impossible. Neither 
was it felt right to accord them equal place with the indisputably living words 
of to day, for it is essential that the non-Welsh student should distinguish 
between the words which he may use in ordinary prose and those which he 
may not. 

The Sign t. — Hence it was decided to distinguish the latter by a dagger 
(t). Here the difficulty began. There are a number of words which at the 
present time are manifestly obsolete. They are quite unknown to all but 
scholars. These might clearly be so distinguished. But there are a number 
of words on the border line, which have been used in poetry right down 
to the time of Goronwy Owen and later. What of these words ? Then there 
is a class of words familiar to students of the Mabinogion, such as gn'eils.i, 
pali, etc. Add to these many fine old words which survive in dialects, and 
many technical terms employed in arts which are now scarcely practised. 
Moreover, there are late words like Anymddibynwyr and Dwyfiindodiaid, 
which are now as obsolete as rhyswvr and ceiiniaid. And, finally, there are 
certain Bible words, which, though familiar to all biblical students, are re- 
grettably unknown to the average reader. With regard to these latter, it 
was with much reluctance that I ultimately decided so to distinguish them. 

Obsolescence. — The conclusion to which the foregoing observations 
inevitably led was tiiat, on the principle of marking only unquestionably 
obsolete words, I should be unable to mark any ultimately save a very few. 
Hence I decided to mark all words which were either obsolete, obsolescent, 
archaic, rare, poetic, or even of such limited, technical, or non-literary use, 
as to place them for all practical purposes outside the current prose vocabulary 
of the language. The student will do well to bear this in mind, lest he should 
associate with the mark a meaning which it was never intended to convey. 
Moreover, in making this distinction, I have of necessity exercised my own 
individual discretion, and it would be vain to expect absolutely general agree- 
ment in the matter. 

Principle of Selection. — As it is quite impossible for a compendious 
dictionary such as tliis to contain every word which has ever formed part of 
the language, a selection has had to be made. It is hoped that every word of 
the living literary language has been included, many omissions from previous 
editions having been supplied, but with regard to the remainder of the vo- 



EDITOR S PREFACE IX 

cabulary, preference has been given to such words, however rare, as are found 
in those authors that are most studied. In some instances words have been 
omitted because they could not satisfactorily be defined without illustrative 
quotation. Other omissions have been governed by other considerations, 
for which ample justification is pleaded. It is rather on the score of over 
liberal inclusion that this work may be most successfully assailed. The purist 
cannot but deplore the elevation of certain hybrid forms to dictionary rank 
for, it may be, the first time. The only excuse which I have to ofíer is that 
these words have become part and parcel of the language, are known and used 
by all Welshmen, and appear in literature — in fiction mostly. To the 
foreigner their inclusion and definition should prove of great help. And after 
all, it is less the business of a dictionary to censor words than to define them. 

Definition. — To define the words of a language is one of the chief aims of 
a dictionary. For a work such as this to be useful, the definitions must be 
accurate, reasonably complete, and simply and clearly expressed. In this 
department, possibly, the revision will appear most thorough. The remark- 
able progress made by Welsh linguistic science since the issue of the earlier 
editions of this work has by now rendered many of the definitions which then 
seemed quite established, absolutely untenable. Moreover, the English 
language itself has changed so considerably in the meantime, that many of 
the definitions would not now be understood in the sense then intended. 
.-Vpart from that, old lines have been followed. The definitions have been made 
as simple and terse as possible, due regard being shown at the same time for 
completeness. The minimum of grammar has been included, and preference 
has been given in all cases to the actual meaning of a word, rather than to its 
grammatical function. Care has been taken also, for the first time, to dis- 
tinguish between the ancient and modern meanings of the same word. Here 
again some discretion had to be exercised. It will be noted that the older 
meaning is indicated by a dagger (t) following the defining word. 

Order of Meanings. — In arranging the order of the meanings, consider- 
able difficulty has been felt. It was found impossible to apply one general 
rule to each instance. Usually it has been found more convenient to give 
the current meaning first, but in some instances the etymological expansion 
of the word seemed to shed so significant a light upon its present meaning, 
that the historical order has been adopted. But, however much such refine- 
ments may appeal to the philologist, they scarcely affect the dictionary as 
a work of reference. 

Archaic Englisii Equivalents, — Another point must now be noticed. 
In a very few instances, the mark t precedes the defining word. It is intended 
to indicate that the word to which it is prefixed is to be understood in its 
older English sense, as, for instance, ' faint ' for diffygio, and ' conversation ' 
for ymarweddiad. 

Scripture References.— The last feature to which I shall call attention 
is the provision of scripture references. The instances given must not be 
supposed to be, of necessity, isolated, or even rare. They are merely intended 
to show where a significant and accessible instance of the use of a given word 
may be found. Comparatively few Bible words are thus distinguished. For 
the remainder the student is referred to Pedr Hir's Key and Guide to Welsh, 
of whose valuable aid I have availed myself freely during the progress of this 
work. I may say that it was as the result of a consultation with Professor 
Morris Jones that I decided to include these references. 

Acknowledgements. — In conclusion, I have to record my profound obli- 
gations for the valuable help freely rendered me by some of the foremost 



X editor's preface 

Welsh scholars of the day, namely, my brother — Sir Edward Anwyl, M.A. 
Professor of Welsh and Comparative Philology at the University College of 
Wales, Aberystwyth ; Mr. W. J. GrufEydd, M.A., Lecturer in Celtic at the 
University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Cardifí ; Professor 
J. Mon-is Jones, M.A., Professor of Welsh at the University College of North 
Wales, Bangor ; Mr. Timothy Lewis, M.A., Lecturer in Welsh at the Uni- 
versity College of Wales, Aberystwyth ; Professor Thomas Powel, M.A., 
Professor of Celtic at the University College of South Wales and Monmouth- 
shire, Cardiff ; the Rev. E. Lorimer Thomas, M.A., Professor of Welsh 
at St. David's College, Lampeter; and Mr. Ifor Williams, M.A., Lecturer in 
Welsh at the University College of North Wales, Bangor. Proofs, as issued, 
were read, either in whole or in part, by all of these scholars save Professor 
Morris Jones, whose help in the matter of deciding the general Unes of the 
work, orthography, accentuation, etc., and the elucidation of points of 
special difficulty submitted to him, was rendered before any of the 
dictionary was printed. Meanwhile the issue of his own monumental Welsh 
grammar prevented him from having the necessary leisure for marking any 
of the proofs. 

This independent revision has been the means of improving and enriching 
the work enormously, and whatever advantage it may have over its pre- 
decessors must be ascribed very largely to the labours of my coadjutors. 
This is the first Welsh dictionary which has been produced by the co-operation 
of so many scholars, and where any blemishes may remain, let me alone be 
held responsible, for though each saw the same proof, they did not see each 
other's emendations. Hence the work of collation rested entirely with my- 
self, and not always was it easy to decide amid conflicting opinions. 

Finally, I have to express my sincerest obligations to the Publisher, Mr. 
Walter Spurrell, who has lightened my labours very considerably, and ren- 
dered at every point that expert help which only he himself could render 
so capably. 
October sr, 1913. J. BODVAN ANWYL. 



PREFACE TO TWELFTH EDITION 

The Dictionary has been carefully revised once more, and it is hoped that 
few literal errors have escaped detection. 

January 22, 1934. J- BODVAN ANWYL. 



TABLE OF INITIAL MUTATIONS xi 

The student is remiuded that certain initial consonants are mutated under 
certain conditions, as set forth in the following table, giving the mutations 
from the point of view of their practical application. Only the radical form, 
as shown below, will be found in this dictionary (e.g. the word bawb must be 
turned up under pawb). For the rules governing these changes, consult 
grammars. 



i 

{Sounds. - 

1 
1 




EXAMPLES. 




Radicul. 


Soft. Aspirate. 


Nasal. 


! p| 

! t 

g ' 

1 


pren 

tad 

cam 


bren 
dad 
gam 


phren 

thad 

Cham 


mhren 

nhad 

ngham 


baich 

dyn 

gŵr 


faich . 
ddyn 


maich 

nyn 
ngŵr 


U 

rh 


llais 
rhes 


lais 
res 


; 


m 


mam 


fam 





PRONUNCIATION— GENERAL DIRECTIONS 



A, palm, pat 

B, bat 

C, caf 
CH, Sc. loch 

D, did 
DD= th in this H. hive 



THE LETTERS AND THEIR SOUNDS. 

[E, there, then ' 1, marine, pinP, pipe U ; meet, pin 

! F, of, OT via van', L, loll !PH, physic (S.W.)* 

FF, 0^, or / in jam LL : R, ripe W, cool, cook 

G, gig M, maim RH ■ ( i curve, cut 

NG, sing N, nine |S, sad Y - 2 meet, pin (in 



O, 



iore, not T, tent 

ÍTH, thick 



S.W.)' 



The Consonants have each one sound only, as shown above : C, G, S, and 
TH are always hard; DD=//; in this, breathe ; F=I',- FF=F English. 
CH, LL, and RH represent sounds not found in English. 
CH bears the same relation to C as TH does to T. 
LL IS to L, and RH (practically) is to R, as TH is to DD, and P to B. 



In North Wales this « sound and y sound (2) resembles French u or German h, but 
pronounced without bringing the lips tog-ether. 



xii ABBREVIATIONS 

The Vowels have each a long and a short sound, nearly the same as 
those in the words set after them above. The long sound is marked thus 
(') before n, r, and / ,' as, Ion, a tune, cor, a choir, Aôl, a meadow, except 
in the case of the familiar words hen, old, and dyn, man, which are un- 
marked ; the short sounds are undistinguished in monosyllables. In 
polysyllables the vowels are pronounced short. V is pronounced as Welsh m 
in final syllables and in monosyllables, except dy, fy, myn, syr, y, yng, ym, 
yn, yr, ys, ylh. 

The distinction between u and i is unobserved in South Wales and parts 
of Montgomeryshire. 

ACCENT 

Words are generally accented on the penultima : the principal exceptions 
are, myfi, tydi, efe, hyhi, chwychwi, hwyni-hwy; verbs in -han and -hoi; and 
words in which the situation of the accent is marked; as, cyhŷd, ysgrêch, 
ystên, ystẃr. 





ABBREVIATIONS— TALPYRIADAU 


a 


... adjective 


ansciddair 


ac 


adjective common gender . . . 


ansoddair o g'enedl gvffredin 


ad ... ■■■ 


... adverb ... 


adfei-f, rhagferf 


af 


adjective feminine . . 


ansoddair benywol 




... adjective masculine 


ansoddair gwrywol 


c 


conjunction 


cysylltiad 


cn ... 


... collective noun 


euw cynulliadol 


/ 


feminine ... 


benywol 


i 


... interjection ... 


ebychiad 


imper . . . 


imperative 


gorchmvnnol 




... masculine 


gwrywol 


n 


noun masculine 


enw gwrywol 


ric ... 


. noun common g-ender 


en-n- o geuedl gyffredin 


tid 


noun dual 


enw deuol 


nf ... 


... noun feminiue 


enw benywol 


np 


noun plural 


enw Uuosog 


pl ... 


... plural ... 


lluosog 


pn 


pronoun, or pronominal adjective 


rhagenw, neu ansoddair rhagenw 


pn-c... 


... pronoun conjunctive . 


rhagenw cysylltiol 


pn-p ... 


pronoun plural 


rhagenw Uuosog 


pn-sup 


... pronoun supplementary 


rha^'enw atodol 


pr ... 


preposition 

prefix 


arddodiad 


px 


blaenddod 




... singular ... 


unigol 


V 


verb, or verb-noun 


berf , neu ferf-enw 


N.W. 


... North Wales ... 


Gogledd Cymru 


S.W. ... 


South Wales 


Deheudir Cymru 


= 


... synonymous with ... 


cyfystyr à 


t 


obsolete, &c. See Editor's Preface 


ansathredig 



p. VIU. 

The word following this mark ( = ) is usually preferable to that before it, being either 

more correct or more commonly used. 
The plural is shown by a hyphen when it is simply aJdi-d to the sinsular, and by a comma 

when the singular ending is changed. Example.s.— dyn -ion : otfeiriad, laid. Where a 

series of plurals runs on without a comma between (thus : -au -lau -ydd -oni, it means 

that one or other of them may be added to the singular 
The singular form is given after some plurals between parentheses. 



GEIRIADUR CYMRAEG A SAESNEG 



DICTIONARY 



WELSH LANGUAGE 



EXPLAINED ÍN ENGLISH 



ABR 



a, interrogative particle : ' A roddaist 
ti gryfder t farch ? ' ' Hast thou given 
the horse strength ? ' Preverbal 
particle • ' Efe a lawenycha yit ei gryf- 
der,' ' He rejoiceth in his strength.' 
Rel. pn. : A fynno Duw a fydd,' 
' What God wills, will be ' 

a, ac, c, and. In general, a is used 
before consonants, and ac beiore 
vowels. Hwyr a bore, late and early. 
Pell ac agos, far arid near. Ac efe eto 
yn llefarti, and he yet speaking, while 
he was yet speaking 

a, ag, c, as. Yn gystal a, as well as 

a, ag, pr, with, â is used before conson- 
ants ; ag before vowels 

a, (a, aiff, eifl), v, will go. See af 

a, t, ah, oh 

ta, pr= 

ab, ap, n, son, for fab — Llyivelynab lor- 
werth. Bowen, Beynon, Powel, Parri, 
Prys, are contractions of ab Owain, 
ab Einion, ab Howel, ab Harri, ab 
Rhys. Ap sometimes becomes amal- 
gamated with the word foUowmg, 
when that word begins with m : as, 
A mheredydd, A mlieirig = ap Mered ydd, 
ap Meirig 

tab, n, ape, monkey 

abad -au, n, abbot 

abadaeth -au, ;i/, abbacy, abbotship 

abades -au, nf, abbess 

taball, «, failing, defect, want ; defec- 
tion; failure; destruction, perdition 



taballu, 1', to fail, to perish 

faballwr, wyv n, defaulter 

taban, >i, din, tumult, war; corn marigold 

tabar -au, n, carcase, filth 

abatir, n, abbey-land 

abaty, tai, n, abbey 

tabell, a, far, distant. Ar abell, at a 

distance 
aber -oedd, ebyr, n, confluence; mouth 

of river, estuary; brook, stream 
aberfa, nf, mouth of river, estuary 
aberth -au, ebyrth, n, sacrifice, oblation; 

victim, prey; sacrifice of the mass, 

host. Clock aberth, sacring-bell 
faberthog, ii=berthog 
aberthol, a, sacrificial 
aberthu, v, to sacrifice, to offer up 
aberthwr, wyr, n, sacrificer 
aberu, v, to disembogue, to flow into 
tabid, nf, habit of religious order ; robe 
abiec, nf, the alphabet (A B C) 
abiecol, a, alphabetic(al) 
abl, a, able, sufficient, powerful; wealthy, 

opulent 
abledd, n, ability, power ; opulence 
tabo, tabod, n, carcase, carrion ; abortion 
tabostol -ion, ebystyl, n, apostle 
tabraidd=o braidd 
tabred, n, the lowest depths ; in late 

bardic lore, the state of evil, through 

which the soul has to pass in her 

progress towards perfection and blisj. 

Cylch yr abred, Treigl yr abred, the 

circle of transmigration 



ABR 

fabrediad, n, transmigration 

fabredol, -?, transmigrant, transmigra- 
tory. tabredolion, transmigrants 

tabredu, v, to transmigrate 

tabredwr, wyr, n, transmigrant 

fabrwysg, a, unwieldy; heavy; drunk 

fabrwysgl, a, huge, vast, immense 

tabrwysgo, v, to inebriate 

absen, n. absence ; slander, detraction 

fabsendra, n, absence 

tabsennair, n. sLinder, calumny 

absennol, a, absent ., 

absennu, v, to backbite, to slander, to 
asperse (Ps. xv. 3) 

absennwr, enwyr, «, backbiter 

absenoldeb, n, absence 

absenoli, v, to absent 

tabsent, «, absence 

tabwy -on, n, carcase, carrion 

abwyd, np (-yn, n), worms; fishing bait. 
A bwydyn y cefn, the spinal cord 

ac, f, and. See a 

acen -ion, w/, accent 
aceniad, n, accentuation 
acennod -au, w/, accent mark 
acennu, v, to accent, to sound 
acenyddiaeth, »/, accentuation 
acer -i, nf, acre 
acseisio, v, to exercise (colloq.) 
tacses, tacsus, n, access (of fever) ; ague 
act -au, nl, act 
actio, V, to act 
actiwr, wyr, n, actor 
tactwn, n, acton 
tacuriaid, np, equerries 
acw, ad, there, at that place, yonder 
ach -au, nf, degree of kinship; (pi.) pedi- 
gree, ancestry 
tach, pr, near to, by, at 
ach, t, implying disgust, ugh 
tachadw, v, to preserve, to keep 
■fachan, nf, song, chant 
tachanu, fachenu, v, to sing, to chant 
fachar, a, affectionate; amiable 
tachas, a, very hateful, odious 
■fachaws, achwyson, n, cause; symptom 
tachen, nf, lineage; coat of arms 
tachen, uj, want, need 
tachenedd, nf, singing, song 
■fachenoctid, n=angenoctid 
tachenog -ion, a & n, poor, needy 
taçhes, nf, flood, flood-tide; inspiration 
tachfre, tachre, fachwre -on, nf, shel- 
ter, screen, covering, raiment 



ACH 

tachlân, ad, altogether, entirely, wholly 
achles -oedd, nf, succour, protection, 

refuge; manure, compost 
achlesol, a, succouring 
achlesu, v, to succour, to cherish ; to 

manure 
tachlesur, »! = achlysur 
achleswr -wyr, achlesydd -ion, n, suc- 

courer, protector 
achlin, /;/, lineage, genealogy, pedigree 
achlod n, disgrace. Yr achlod Hi! 

shame upon thee ! 
tachludd, v. to hide : n, hiding, con- 
cealment 
achlust, V, whisper, rumour, inkling 
achlysur -on, n, occasion, opportunity 
achlysuro, v, to occasion, to cause 
achlysurol, a, occasional, incidental 
fachor, n, approach 

achos -ion, tachwyson, n, cause, reason; 
rase; occasion; affair. Achos dy- 
bryd, foul crime 
achos, c, because, for 
achosi, V, to cause; to occasion 
tachre, !!/=achfre 
achres -i, nf, pedigree-roll; lineage 
tachretor -ion, n, creditor 
tachreth -au, n, trembling, trepida- 
tion 
fachrethol, a, trembling, shivering 
tachrwm, am, crooked, bent: /. achrom 
tachrwys, n, increase, plenty 
achub, V, to seizes to taket, to snatcht; 
to reservet; to occupy+; to save, to 
rescue. A chub cam, to defend oneself. 
Achub y blaen, to forestall. Achub yr 
adeg, to seize the opportunity. Achub 
y ffoydd, to take a short cut 
fachubald, i;=^ achub 
achubiaeth, nf, salvation, rescue 
achubol, a, saving 
achubwr, wyr, achubydd -ion, n, saviour, 

rescuer 
tachudd -ion, h, seclusion, retirement 
tachul, a, narrow, lean ; squalid 
tachwaneg, H^^ychwaneg 
tachwanegu, t;=ychwanegu 
tachwedl -au, n, tale, report 
tachwedd, nf, descent, kindred 
tachwerig, a, dallying ; slow 
fachwre, H/=achfre 
achwyn -ion, n, complaint, plaint 
achwyn, v, to complain. Achwyn ar, to 
complain of ; to accuse 



ACH 

achwyngar, a, querulous, complaining 
achwyngarwch, n, querulousness 
achwyngi, gwn, n, telltale, blab, sneak 
achwyniad -au, it, accusation, romplaint 
achwynwr, wyr, n, complainer ; mur- 

murer; complainant; plaintiff 
achwynyddes -au, «/, complainant 
tachwysawl, a, causing: n, causer 
tachwyson, plural ot achaws 
achydd -ion, n, genealogist; herald 
achyddiaeth, nf, genealogy; heraldry 
achyddol, a, genealogical 
fadaf, edyf, nf, hand, pinion, wing 
adail, nf, building, edifice, structure 
tadail, V, to build 
adain, aden, pL adenydd, tadanedd, nf, 

wing, pinion; fin; spoke (i Kings 

vii. 33) 
adalw, V, to recall ; to revoke 
adamant, n, adamant, diamond 
adamantaidd, a, adamantine 
tadameg -ion, nf, speech, conversation; 

saxinu, maxim, motto; enigma, riddle 
adar, np (aderyn, n, fadaren, nf), birds, 

fowls. — liîíow, blackbirds. — gwyr- 

ain, barnacles. - — y bwn, bitterns. 

— r drudwy, — yr eira, starlings. 

— y to, sparrows 

adara, v, to catch birds, to fowl 

adardy, dai, n, aviary, bird-cage 

adargi, gwn, n, setter, spaniel 

tadargop -od, n. See adyrgop 

fadargopwe -au, nf. See adyrgopwe 

adargrafflad -au, n, reprint 

adargraffu, v, to reprint 

adarwr, wyr, n, fowler, bird-catcher 

adarwriaeth, nf, fowling 

adarydd -ion, n, ornithologist 

adaryddiaeth, nf, ornithology 

tadaw, t)=gadaw 

adblaned -au, nf, secondary planet, 
satellite 

adblannu, v, to transplant, to replant 

adblygu, v, to fold or unfold 

adbrynedigaeth, nf, redemption (Isa. lii., 
contents) 

adbrynu, v, to repurchase, to redeem 

adchwa -oedd, nf, blast, puff 

ad-daliad -au, «, repayment, recompense 

ad-dalu, v, to repay, to requite 

ad-drefniad -au, n, re-arrangement, re- 
organization, reconstruction 

ad-drefnu, v, to re-arrange, to reorgan- 
ize, to reconstruct 



ADF 

ad-drem, nf, retrospect 

tad-ddwyn, v, to deduct; to abate 

tad-ddyn -ion, >i=adyn 

tadebriad, n, waker 

adeg -au, nf, time, season, opportunity, 
occasion. Adeg y lloer, the wane of 
the moon 

adeilad -au, n & nf, building, edifice: 
V adeilidu 

adeiladaeth, nf. building, edification 

adeiladol, a, edifying 

adeiladu, v, to build, to edify, to erect 

adeiladwr, wyr, adeiladydd -ion, n, 
builder, architect 

tadeiledigaeth -au, nf, building, edifice 

tadeiliadu, etc.^ adeiladu, etc. 

tadeil(i)o, ;), to construct, to build; to 
interwea\-e; to wattle 

fadeilwydd, np, timbers 

adeilyddiaeth, nf, architecture 

adeinio, v, to wing 

adeiniog, a, winged; feathered 

adeiniol, a, relating to wings 

adeirio, v, to repeat words 

aden -ydd, edyn, nf. <ee adain 

adenedig, a, regenerated, born again 

adenedigaeth, nf, regeneration, rebirth 

adeni, v, to regenerate 

adennill, v, to regain, to recover; to 
regeneratef 

adenw -au, n, second name; adnoun 

adenwad, n, naming agam 

adenwi, v, to name again 

aderyn, adar, n, bird, fowl. Aderyn 
corff, owl; (of persons) morbid an- 
ticipator of another's death. See adar 

adethol, v, to re-elect 

tadethol -ion, n, refuse, leavings 

adfach -au, n, the barb of a dart 

adfachog, a, barbed 

adfachu, v, to barb; to rehook 

adfail, feilion, feiliau, n, decay, ruin 

tadfan, edfyn, n, foreigner 

tadfan -nau, nf, corner, retreat 

fadfan -nau, n, secondary point, stage, 
or position; advanced division. — cyn- 
nydd, the second stage of the moon's 
increase; the second quarter. — 
cil, the second stage in the moon's 
wane; the fourth or last quarter 

adfannig, igion, n, minim (in music) 

tadfant, nf, the earth as distinguished 
from difant, the surrounding space 

tadfaon, np, puny persons, weaklings 
3 



^UcUa.%. 



Ç<MlSLUi,\jl>^^ 



ADF _ 

adfarch, feirch, n, gelding 

adfarn, u/, reversed judgment, repeal 

adfarnu, v, to rejudge; to reverse or 

repeal judgment 
adfedyddio, v, to rebaptize 
Adfedyddiwr, wyr, n, Anabaptist 
adfeddiannu, v, to repossess, to regain 
adfeddiant, iannau, n, repossession 
adfedciu, v, to repossess, to regain 
adfeddwl, v, to think again, to reflect 
adfeddyliad -au, w, reflection 
adfeiliad, n, decaying, decay, ruin 
adfeiliant, >!, decay, dilapidation 
adfelUedig, «, decayed, in ruins, mould 

ering, dilapidated 
adfeilio, v, to decay, to moulder, to 

dilapidate; to fade 
adfeiliog, a, decaying, mouldering ; in 

ruins, dilapidated 
Adfent, n, Advent 

adfer, i, to restore (properly edfryd) 
tadferaeth, «/, restoration 
adfe Í -au, m/, adverb 
adfetol, a, adverl ial 
adferiad, «, restoration, restitution, re- 
instatement, rei (ivery 
adfero!, a, restorative 
adferu, v, to restore (properly edfryd) 
adfer wr, wyr, n, restorer 
adferyd, v, to restore (properly edfryd) 
adfesuro, v, to measure over again 
adiilwr. wy?-, ;í, rciruit 
adfin -ion, n, back edge 
adflas -au, ", after-taste, bad taste 
adflith -ion, w, second milk 
adflitho, V, to yield second milk 
tadfod, V, to re-exist : n, second being 
adlraenar -au, n, second fallow 
tadfrawd, n, second judgment 
adfresych, np (-en, «/), sprouts 
adfwl, fyliaid, n, gelded bull 
adfwynhau, v, to re-enjoy 
adfyd, n, adversity ; ii isery, distress 
adfydig, adfydus, a, adverse, wretched, 

miserable 
tadfydd, ad, perhaps, it may be 
adfyddin -oedd, m/, corps of reserve 
adfyfyrdod -au, h, reflection, recon- 
sideration 
adfyfyrio, v, to reflect, to reconsider, to 

ponder over 
adfyfyrion, np, reflections 
tadfynach, »;, monk (in depreciation) 
adfynegi, u, to declare again 



_ ^l^ 

adfyw, a, half-alive; half-dead 
adfywhau, v, to revive, to reanimate 
adfywiad -au, n, revival ; reanimation 
adfywiant, », reanimation; revival 
adfywio, v, to revive, to resuscitate, to 

reanimate, to restore, to refresh 
adfywiocàu, adfywiogi, v, to restore to 

lite, to reanimate, to revive 
adfywiol, a, refreshing 
adgas, &c. See atg — 
tadgodiad, n, resurrection, resuscitation 
adgyfodi, j'^ atgyfodi 
adgyfodiad, ;i^=atgyfodiad 
adiad, iaid, «, drake 

tadian. adienoedd, en, progeny, offspring 
adladd -au, n, aftermath, lattermath 
tadlaes, a, trailing, draggling; limp 
adlais, leisiau, n, reverberation, echo 
adlam -au, n, rebound 
tadlam, >i, trap, snaie 
tadlam -au, n, home 
adlamol, a, bouncing, resilient 
adlamu, v, to bounce; to rebound 
tadlam wr, wyr, n, one returning from 

abroad 
tadlaw, a, secondary, inferior; mean 
tadlaw-iaid.w, secondary thing, adlaw- 
iaid, the rabble; compound metres; 
mutated letters, as dd of d 
adlef, >i/, resonance, echo 
adlefain, v, to resound, to echo, to re- 
echo 

adleislo, v, to resound, to echo, to re- 
echo, to reverberate 

adlenwl, v, to fill again, to refill 

adlewyrch, n, reflection 

adlewyrchiad -au, ?;, reflection 

adlewyrchu, v, to reflect 

fadlibin, n, remnant 

adlif -au, n, reflux, ebb-tide 

adlifo, V, to flow back, to reflow 

adliw -iau, n, varnish, tint 

tadlo, «, account, reason 

adlodd, n, aftermath (adladd) 

adioddi, v, to grow after cutting 

adioes, n/, pang, remorse 

adlog, n, compound interest 

adioniadol, a, of or for entertainment 

adlonia; t, n, recreation, entertainment 

adionni, v, to entertain; to refresh, to 
revive 

tadloyw, a, somewhat bright 

adiun -iau, », copy 

adlunio, v, to re-form, to copy 



ADM 

tadmant, n= adamant 
adnabod, v, to recognize, to know, to 
be acquainted with 

tadnabodedigaeth, nf^-- adnabyddiaeth 

adnabyddiaeth, nf, recognition, know- 
ledge, cognizance, acquaintance 

adnabyddus, a, known, well-known; 
familiar 

adnabyddwr, n, knower (Acts xv. 8) 

adnaid, neidiau, nf, rebound 

tadnair, neiriau, n, reproach, ill report 

tadneirio, v, to qaanel with one an- 
other, to reproach 

adnerth -oedd, «, reinforcement 

adnerthu, v, to reinforce 

fadnes -au, n, succour, help 

adneu -oedd, n, deposit, pledge 

tadneu, n, reflux, retreat; decline, death 

tadneuedd, n, decline 

adneuo, v, to depos t, to pawn, to pledge 

adneuol, a, depositing. Cyfrannydd 
adneuol, deposit contributor 

adneuydd -ion, n, depositor 

tadnewyddhau, t'=adnewyddu 

adnewyddiad, tadnewyddiant, jj, re- 
newal, renovation, restoration 

adnewyddol, a, renewing, renewed. Yn 
alnewyddol, anew 

adnewyddu, v, to renew, to renovate 

adnewyddwr, wyr, n, renewer, renovator 

adnod -au, nt, verse; sentence 

adnoddau, np, resources 

tadolwch, ychau, n, entreaty, prayer 

adolwg, ygon, n/, retrospect 

tadolwg, tadolwyn, v, to entreat, to 
beseech, to beg, to pray, to implore: 
n, prayer, entreaty 

adolygiad -au, n, reviewing, review 

adolygu, v, to review 

adolygwr, wyr, adolygydd -ion, n, re- 
viewer 

tadoralw, v, to > xW nut 

adran -nau, n/, division; section; de- 
partment 

adrannu, v, to subdivide 

adref, ad, homewards, home 

adrifo, v, to recount, to reckon again 

adrodd, v, to relate, to recount, to 
narrate, to repeat, to report, to recite, 
to say, to tell 

adroddgan -au, nf, recitative 

adroddi, v, to return, to restore 

adroddiad -au, n, narration ; report ; reci- 
tation 



ADW 

adroddwr, wyr, n, narrator, reciter 
tadrop -od, n, spider 
fadrywedd -au, n, scent, trace 
adsain, seiniau, nf, echo, reverberation: 

V, to echo, to resound 
adsefydlu, v, to re-establish 
adseinio, v, to resound, to echo, to re- 
echo, to reverberate 
adseiniol, a, resounding, resonant 
adundeb -au, n, reunion 
aduno, v, to re-unite 
adwaen, v, I know. The v.-n. is adnabod 
adwair, weiriau, n, hay of sccc^nd crop 
adwaith, n, inferior or unfinished work 
adwaith, weithiau, n, reaction 
tadwedd, v, to decay: nf, decay, ruin 
tadwedd, nf, return, restoration 
tadweddu, v, to return, to restore 
adweithiad, n reaction 
adweitbiol, a, reactionary 
adweithiwr, wyr, adweithydd -Ion, n, 

reactionary 
adweithrediad -au, n, reaction 
adweithredu, v, to react 
adweithredydd -ion, n, reagent 
adweithydd -ion, n, reagent 
adweled, v, to see again 
tadwern -ydd, nf, swamp 
tadwersi, np, repetitions {Common 

Prayer) 
adwerth, n, too low a price; retail 
adwerthu, v, to retail; to depreciate 
adwerthwr, wyr, n, retailer; depredator 
tadwerydd -on, nf, a decayed spinster, 

prude 
adwisg -oedd, nf, disarray, undress 
tadwledd -au, nf, slender meal; leavings 
tadwneuthnr, v, to undo 
adwnîo, v, to double-stitch 
tadwr, wyr, adfaon, n, coward; slave 
+adwriaeth, n, cowardice, slavery 
adwy -au -on, nf, gap, breach, pass 
tadwydd, n, fallow ground 
tadwyn -au. n, metal 
tadwynig, a, metallic; glittering 
adŵyo, v, to make gaps, to breach 
adŵyog, a, full of gaps or breaches 
adŵyr, a, recurvate, bent back 
adŵyriad, n, recurvation 
adŵyro, v, to recurve, to bend back 
adwyth -au t-ain, «, hurt, illness; blight, 

bane; mischief, misfortune, evil 
tadwythedig, a, blighted, blasted ; 

blighting, blasting 

5 



ADW 

adwythig, a, hurtful, baneful; destruc- 
tive, disastrous; afflicted; blighted, 
blasted; evil, ill 
adwytho, v, to harm, to hurt, to blight, 

to blast 
tadwythus, a, harmful; affected, sore 
adyn -ion, «, wretch 
tadyrgop -od, n, spider (atterrop) 
tadyrgopwe oedd, nf, spider's web 
adysgrif -au, nf, copy, transcript, re- 
script 
adysgrifen -nau, nf, copy, transcript 
adysgrifennu, v, to transcribe, to copy 
adysgrifennwr, enwyr, n, transcriber 
adysgrifio, v, to copy, to transcribe 
adystwytho, v, to malte pliant again 
adystyriaeth, nf, reconsideration 
adystyried, v, to reconsider 
taddail, np, tender leaves; leaves, foli- 
age; salad 
addanc, n=afanc 
addas, a, meet, suitable, proper 
addasrwydd, n, suitableness, fitness 
addasu, v, to suit, to adapt, to fit 
addaw, v, to promise: -au, n, promise 
faddawd, addod, addodau, n, repository, 
store; treasure. Wy addod, a nest- 
egg 
taddawedigaeth -au, nf, promise 
taddawiad, n, promise 
addawol, a, promising 
addawr, wyr, «, promiser 
addawydd -ion, n, promiser 
addef, j', to own, to admit, to ac- 
knowledge, to confess 
taddef, nr, dwelling 
addefedig, a, admitted, acknowledged, 

confessed 
addefiad, n, admission, confession 
taddefig, a, admitted, confessed 
taddefiog, a. settled, inhabiting 
addefwr, wyr, n, avower, professor 
taddeuog, a. destructive 
addewid -ion, nf, promise 
addewidiol, a, promissory 
taddfain, a, slender, delicate 
addfed, a aeddfed 
addfedrwydd, ); = aeddfedrwydd 
addfedu, -c^aeddfedu 
addfwyn, a, gentle, meek, mild, kindly; 

goodlyt, finef, fairf 
taddfwyndeg, a, goodly, fair, pleasant 
addfwynder, addfwyndra, n, gentleness, 
meekness 



ADDY 

taddfwyndod, n= addfwynder 

taddiant, n, longing, regret 

faddien, a, fair, beautiful 

taddig, a, angry, indignant 

addo, V, to promise 

addod, n. See addawd 

taddoed, n, delay 

taddoed, n, plight, hurt, harm, injury 

addoedi, v, to defer, to delay, to post- 
pone; to loiter; to prorogue 

taddoedi, v, to hurt, to injure 

addoediad, n, postponement; proroga- 
tion 

taddoer, a, frigid, chilly, cold, cool 

addoldy, dai, n, place of worship, chapel, 
meeting-house 

addolfa, feydd, nf, place of worship 

addolgar, a, devotional, devout, reverent 

addolgarwch, n, devoutness, reverence 

addoli, V, to worship, to adore 

addoliad, n, worship, adoration 

addoliadol, a, devotional, devout, rever- 
ent 

taddoliaeth, nf, worship 

addoliant, n, worship, adoration 

addolwr, wyr, n, worshipper 

taddon, n, lord 

faddon, np, fruit; offspring 

adduned -au, nf, vow; desire 

addunedu, adduno, v, to vow; to wish 

addunol, a, votive 

addurn -au -iadau, n, ornament 

addurniad -au, n, adornment, decoration 

addurno, v, to adorn, to ornament, to 
decorate, to embellish 

addurnol, a, ornamental, decorative 

addurnwaith, n, ornamental work, orna- 
ment, decoration 

addurnwe -oedd, nf, lace 

addurnwr, wyr, n, adorner, decorator 

taddwyar, a, mild, gentle 

faddwyd -au, n, abscess; affliction, plight 

taddwyn, a= addfwyn 

taddwynedig, a, meek 

addysg, nf, instruction, learnmg, edu- 
cation; teaching, lesson, moral. Can 
addysg, Cerdd addysg, didactic poem 

addysgfa, faoedd, feydd, nf, seminary 

addysgiad -au, n, teaching, education, 
lesson 

addysgiadol, a, didactic, instructive 

addysgiaeth, nf, education, teaching, 
tuition, instruction 

addysgiaethydd -ion, n, educationist 
6 



/t^r^L^ttA. J £çj^ ì . /0 



ADDV 



API 



addysgol, a, instructive ; educational 

addysgu, v, to instruct, to teach, to 
educate 

addysgwr, wyr, addysgydd -ion, n, in- 
structor, teacher, educator, tutor 

taedd -ion, n, noise, din, clamour 

taedd, a, noisy, loud, clamorous 

aeddfed, addfed, a, ripe, mature 

faeddfedig, a, ripe 

aeddfedrwydd, n, ripeness; maturity 

aeddfedu, v, to ripen, to mature 

aeg, nf, language (falsely derived) 

ael, nf, goal (Powys) 

ael -iau, nf, eyebrow; brow; edge; 
skirt. -fAr ael, nigh, near to 

tael -oedd, nf, litter; brood 

taelaw, «, produce; wealth: a, pro- 
ductive; precious 

aeldrem, nf, leer, leering 

aeldrwm, a, heavy-browed, frowning 

aelddu, a, black-browed 

faele, a, woeful, sad, piteous 

taeled, n, ailment, disease, ill , 

taelgaeth, «/=aelgerth 

aelge(r)th, nf, jawbone; cheek, chin; 
brow, steep 

aellog, a, browed, full-browed 

aelod -au, n, limb, member 

aelodaeth, nf, membership 

aelodi, v, to become a member ; to enrol 

aelwyd -ydd, nf, hearth, fireside; family 

aelwydaid, eidlau, nf, hearthful 

taer -au, nf, battle, conflict; slaughter 

aer -ion, «, heir 

aer, n, air (colloq.) 

taeraesor, n, armour-bearer 

taerdorf, nf, battle-host, army 

aeres -au, nf, heiress 

taerfa -oedd, fâu, nf, battle ; slaughter 

taerfaidd, i*, daring in battle 

taerflawdd, n, leader in battle, com- 
mander, general 

taerfre, nf, the hill of battle 

taerfryd, a, warlike 

taerfyn, a, pugnacious, warlike 

taergad, nf, battle 

faergi, gwn, ii, battle-hound 

aeriaeth, nf, inheritance 

aerio, v, to air 

aeron, np, fruit, fruits, berries 

aeronwydd, np (-en, nf), truit-trees 

taerwr, wyr, n, warrior 

aerwy -on, n, collar; torque; band; 
neck-chain 



faes -awr, nf, shield 

faesel, n, verjuice, vinegar 

taeserw, a, bright, fair, beautiful 

taestalch, w=astalch 

taeth, eith, eithion, n, point, prickle ; 
gorse, furze; shock; painful sensation, 
pain, sorrow, grief 

aeth, V, (he) went 

aethnen, nf, aspen, poplar 

taethus, a, poignant; grievous, shock- 
ing; severe 

taethwellt, n, lattermath 

taethwiad -on, n, outlaw ; exile 

taethwladaeth, nf, banishment, out- 
lawry 

taethwladu, v, to banish ; to outlaw 

aethwydd, n, (-en, nf), aspen wood 

af, V, I shall go. Af, ei or ai, â (aiff), 
awn, ewch, ant 

tafagddu, "/, utter darkness; hell; now 

generally y fagddu. Originally a I rj 
proper name, that of the son of 1^ f 
C eridiv en. (Isa. Ix. 2) I 

afal -au, n, apple ; ball, lump. — 
Adda, Adam's apple ; the black 
briony. — Awst, St. James's apple. 

— daear, birthwort. — dreiniog, 

— meiwyn, thorn apple. — euraid, 
orange t — garr, buttock. — eron- 
ynnog, pomegranate. — Uygad, eye- 
ball. — melynhir, lemon. — oraits, 
orange. — peatus, peach. — per, 
cultivated apple. — sur, crab. — y 
marchog, nonpareil 

afaleua, v, to gather apples 
tafall, efyll. nf, apple-tree 
tafallach -au, nf, apple-yard, orchard 
afallen, nf, apple-tree (Cant. viii. 5) 
tafallflawd, n, apple-blossom 
fafallgyr, n, apple-branch 
tafallwydd, np (-en, nf), apple-trees 
tafallwyn -i, n, apple-grove, orchard 
alan, np (-en, nf), raspberries 
afanc -od, ef ync, n, beaver ; a fabulous 

monster ; also spelt addanc 
tafanwydd, np, raspberry-trees 
tafar, n, grief, sorrow, sadness; longing 

a, mournful, sorrowful, sad 
tafarwy, n, grief 
tafdrwyth, n, strangury 
tafell, nf, breast, bosom 
afiach, a, unwell, unhealthy, sickly ; 

unwholesome ; morbid 
fafiactaol, a=^aflach, aflachus 
7 



AFl 

aflachus, a, sickly, ailing ; unwholesome, 

morbid 
afiachusrwydd, n, unhealthiness; un- 
wliolesomeness; morbidness, morbidity 
afiaith, H, enjoyment, mirth, glee 
afiechyd -on, n, disorder, disease, malady 
afieithus, a, mirthful, sleeful 
aflafar, a, speechless, mute, inarti t.late; 

liarsh, immelodious, discordant 
aflan, «, unclean, polluted, foul 
aflanhau, v, to pollute (Lev. xx. 3) 
aflanwaith, a, unclean 
aflanweithdra, taflanweithrwydd, 'i, un 

cleanness 
aflawen, a, joyless sad, cheerk^>, dis- 
mal; extreme, 'awful' 
taflawenydd, n, joylessness, sadness 
aflednais, a. immodest, indelicate 
afledneisrwydd, n, immodesty, indelicacy 
aflendid, n, uncleanness, pollution, filth 
allêr, aflerw, a, untidy, slovenly 
aflerwch, «, untidiness 
afles -au -oedd, n, disadvantage, harm, 

hurt, injury, damage, evil 
aflesol, a, disadvantageous, unprofitable 
aflesu, V, to hurt, to harm, to injure, to 

damage 
afliwio, V, to discolour 
aflonydd, a, unquiet, restless 
aflonyddu, v. to disquiet, to disturb, to 

inoU'St 
aflonyddwch, n, disquiet, disturbance, 

unrest 
aflonyddwr, wyr, n, molester, disturber 
afloyw, a, not clear, turbid ; opaque 
afluniaidd, a, deformed, mis-shapen 
aflunio, V, to deform, to mis-shape 
aflwydd, n, misfortune, disaster, calam- 
ity, evil 
aflwyddiannus, a, unsuccessful, unpros- 

perous 
aflwyddiant, n, failure; adversity 
aflwyddo, v, to fail, to miscarry 
aflywodraeth, «/, misrule, anarchy 
aflywodraethus, a, imgovernable, un- 
nianaj;cablc, uncontrollable, uncon- 
trolled 
tafneued, «, liberality, generosity : a, 

witl)()ut stint, generous 
afon -ydd, h/, river 
afonfarch, feirch, «, hippopotamus 
afonig, nj, rivulet, streamlet, l)rook 
afonog, a, having ri\'ers 
taforles, fanorles, <;, hideou';, sinister 



A FW 

tafory, «rf=yfory 
afrad a, wasteful : -au, », waste 
afradlon, a, extravagant, prodigal 
afradlondeb, afradlonedd, «, prodigality, 

extravagance, waste 
afradloni, v=- afradu 
afradlonrwydd, «= afradlondeb 
afradu, v, to waste, to lavish, to squan- 
der 
tafradus, a, wasteful, prodigal 
afraid, a, unnecessary, needless, super- 
fluous: reidiau, n, superfluity 
afraslon, afrasol, a, graceless; impious 
tafrdwyth -i, », passion, impulse 
tafrddwl, fawrddwl, a, sad, pensive, 

sluggish, heavy 
afreidiol, a, unnecessary, needless, su- 
perfluous 
afreol, w/, misrule, disorder, uncontrol 
afreolaeth, >j/, irregularity, disorder 
afreolaidd, a, irregular; disorderly 
afreoleidd-dra, n, irregularity 
afreoleiddio, v, to derange, to disorder 
afreolus, a, unruly, disorderly, uncon- 
trolled 
afreolusrwydd, n, disorderliness 
afresymol, a, mireasonable 
afresymoldeb, )i, unreasonableness 
afrifed, a, innumerable, untold, incal- 
culable; extremet, immenset, enor- 
moust, monstroust, remarkable!, ex- 
traordinaryt, inordinatef 
afrllad, afrlladen, pi. efrllyd, «/, wafer 

(Ex xvi. 31) 
fafrllaw, (X, skilful, dexterous: eloquent 
tafrôl, )!/, = afreol 
afrosgo, a, clumsy, unwieldy 
afrwydd, a, difficult, stiff, awkward; 

unprosperous 
tafrwydd-deb, n, obstacle, hindrance 
afrwyddineb, n, difficulty, stiffness 
afrwyddo, v, to obstruct, to hinder 
tafi yn^i» b^^t , v to displease, to vex 
tafrys, a, tardy, laggard, sluggish 
afrywiog, a, harsli, perverse, cross- 
grained; degeneratet ( ler. ii. 21) 
afrywiogi, v, to grow harsh 
afrywiogrwydd, n, harshness 
afrywiogyn, n, surly fellow; churl 
afu -au, n, the liver 
tafuad, n, liver-disease, ret; livergreen 
afuol, tf, hepatic 

tafwch, n, sharpness, keenness=aweh 
fafwlad, a, exiled, banished 
8 



AFW 



ANGH 



tafwladu, v, to exile, to banish 
afwyn -au, nf, the rein of a bridle 
taflaith, eithiau, «, effect; disposition; 
condition; relation; result; participa- 
tion; accessary (legal). Affaith gwaed 
gwirion. — Deut. xix. 13 
taflan, n, the under- world: a, terrible, 

awful 
taffeithiawl, a & n, accessary 
tafleithiol, fl=effeithiol 
taffeithiwr, wyr, «, accessary, accompUce 
afflau, H, hold, grasp, grip ; hug, embrace 
affliw, n, shred, particle 
tailwys, n, abyss; bottomless pit; the 

deep: a. bottomless, fathomless 
ag, c, as ; andf: pr, with. Used before 

vowels. See a 
tagadf ydd, tagatfydd, ad= ysgatfydd 
agalen, nf, whetstone 
tagarw, a, rough, rugged 
tagatoedd, ad, possibly, likely 
agen -nau, nf, rieft, chink, fissure 
agendor, n & nf, gulf, abyss 
agennog, a, full of clefts; leaky 
agennu, v, to spht, to crack 
ager, agerdd, n, steam, vapour 
ageria, teydd, nf, a vent 
agerfad -au, n, steamboat 
agerlong, -au, nf, steamship, steamer 
ageru, v, to steam, to evaporate 
tagerw, n, vapour, exhalation, sweat; 

ferment : a, steaming, foaming 
agor, agoryd, v, to open^ to expand 
agored, a, open, expanded; liable 
agorfa -oedd, tif, opening, orifice, vent 
agori, V, to open, to expand 
agoriad -au, n, opening; key 
agoriadol, a, aperient, opening ; in- 
augural 
agorol, a, openini;, expanding 
agorwr, wyr, n, opener 
agoryd, 2;= agor 
agorydd -ion, n, opener 
agos. a, near, nigh, close 
agoshaol, a, approaching, coming 
agoshau, v, to approach, to draw near 
agosrwydd, n, nearness, proximity 
tagro, a, very heavy; pensive 
agwedil -au, nf, form, condition ; atti- 
tude ; aspect 
tagweddi, îau, >;, dowry, jointure 
tagweddîol, a, relating to a dowry 
agweddu, v, to form, to modify; to in- 
cline 



tagwrdd, a, strong, potent, stout, robust, 

mighty, powerful, puissant 
tagwyddor -ion, H/=egwyddor 
tagwyr, a, awry, askew 
tangad, tanghad, nf, hand, palm; grasp; 

hook 
angall, a, indiscreet, unwise, foolish 
tangar, H = anghar 
angau, angeu, n & nf, death 
tangawr, n, miser: a, miserly 
fangawrder, n, miserliness, covetousness 
tangdo, «/, tiiiht covering 
angel, ylion, engyl, n, angel. Angei 

ys;io)'=the following 
tangelystor (for efangelystor), n, evan- 
gelist 
tangell, engyll, nf, pinion; foreleg 
tangen, n, extreme unction. Also olew 

ac augen 
angen, henion, jhenau, n, necessity, 

need, want 
angenoctid, n, necessitude, mdigence, 

want 
angenrheidiol, a, necessary, needhij 
angenrheidrwydd, n, necessity 
angerdd, n, heat, ardour; passion; force, 

strength, violence ; dispusitionf 
angerddol, a, ardent, vehement, intense, 

passionate 
angerddoldeb, «, vehemence, intensity 
angerddoli, v, to intensify 
tanges, a. strange, foreign 
angou, n & nf, death 
angeuol, rt = angheuol 
anghaffael, n, mishap; defect, flaw. Y 
mae rhyw anghaffael ar hwn, there is 
something the matter with this 
anghalondid, n, discouragement 
anghalonnog, íí, disheartened, dispirited 
anghallineb, ;;, unwisdom, imprudence 
anghaninol, v, to dispraise, to blame 
tanghar, fangar, n. Hades, the under- 
world 
tangharacl, a, loveless 
angharedig, angharedigol, a, unkind 
angharedigrwydd, n, unkindness 
anghariadoldsb, n, uncharitableness 
anghariadus, a, unamiable; uncharitable 
angharu, v, to dislike, to hate 
angharuaidd, a, unkind, uncharitable 
tanghawr, n & a=angawr 
anghefnogaeth, nf, discouragement 
anghefnogi, v, to discourage 
anghelfydd, a, unskilful, clumsy 
9 



ANGH 

anghelfydd-dra, n, iinskilfulness 

anghelfyddyd, n, want of skill 

anghelwyddog, a, that does not lie, 
veracious 

anghenedl, n/, alien nation. \Myned 
i'r anghenedl, to go abroad 

anghenedledig, a, ungenerated, unbe- 
gotten 

anghenfigennus. a, unenvlous 

anghenlil, angenfllod, n, monster 

taughengaeth, n extreme pain 

fanghennu, v, to administer extreme 
unction 

anghenog, a, necessitous, needy, angen- 
ogion, needy ones 

anghenraid, angenrheidiau, «, neces- 
sity, .need; necessary 

anghenus, a, necessitous, needy, indi- 
gent 

tangherdded n, plight, misfortune 

angherddol, a = angerddol 

tanghes, n, death, decease 

tangheugant, a, uncertain 

fangheuod, np, death-sprites 

angheuol, a, deadly, mortal, fatal; 
deadt 

tanghleuach, a, less audible 

anghlod n, dispraise, dishonour 

anghlodfori, v, to dispraise 

anghoelio, v, to disbelieve 

anghofio, v, to forget 

anghofrwydd, »?, torgetfulness 

anghofus, a, forgetful, oblivious 

tanghraitft, eifTtiau, n, instance, ex- 
ample ; instruction, warning, reproof 

tanghraith, eithiau, n/=anghraifft 

anghred, nf, unbelief, infidelity: a, un- 
believing, infidel. Gwlad anghred, a 
country out of Christendom 

anghredadun -ion, anghredinwyr, n, un- 
believer, infidel 

tanghredadun, a, unbelieving 

anghredadwy, a, incredible; unbelieving 

anghredadyn, «= anghredadun 

tanghredadun, tanghrededin, a, unbe- 
lieving 

anghrediniaeth, nf, unbelief, infidelity 

anghrediniol, a, unbelieving 

anghredu, v, to disbelieve 

anghretydd, n/, irreligion 

anghrefyddol, a, irreligious 
fanghreifî(t)io, v, to rebuke, to reprove, 
to censure, to chide; to taunt, to up- 
braid 



%■ c^(^^t ,xY 



ANGH 



tanghreifltiol, a, exemplary 
tanghreithio, v. to rebuke, to reprove, 

to censure 
anghrist -iau, n, antichrist 
tanghrymu, tanghrymhau, t;, to unbend 
fanghrynedig, a, intrepid 
anghryno, a, incompact, diffuse, prolix 
tanghrynodeb, n, wildness, uncultivation 
tanghwaehach, ad, murh less 
tanghwbl, a, incomplete, imperfect 
fanghwaneg, a, additional=ychwaneg 
tanghwanegu, v, to augment, to increase 

(Luke xvii. 5) 
anghwrtais, a, discourteous 
anghwrteisrwydd, n, discourtesy 
anghydfod -au, «, disagreement, discord: 

at. contentious, refractory 
anghydfyddiaethau, np, dissensions (2 

Cor. xii. 20) 
Anghydffurfiaeth, nf. Nonconformity 
anghydilurfio, v, to dissent; to refuse to 

conform 
anghydflurfiol, a, nonconforming 
AnghydfTurfiwr, wyr, n. Nonconformist 
anghydnabyddus, a, unacquainted, un- 
known, unfamiliar 
anghydnaws, a, uncongenial; incom- 
patible, inconsistent 
anghydrif, a, aliquant 
anghydsain, a, dissonant 
anghydsynio, v, to dissent, to djsagree 
anghydsyniol, a, dissenting, disagreeing 
anghydweddol, a, incongruous, incon- 

sist<»nt, incompatible 
anghydweled, v, to disagree 
anghydwelediad -au, n, disagreement 
anghyfaddas, a, unsuitable, unfit 
anghyfaddasrwydd, n, unsuitability 
anghyfaddasu, v, to unfit, to disquaUfy 
anghyfamodol, a, uncovenanted 
anghyfamserol, a. unseasonable 
anghyfan, u, incomplete 
anghyfanedd-dra, n, desolation 
anghyfaneddta -oedd, feydd, nf, anghyf- 

aneddle -oedd, n, desert place 
anghyfaneddol, a, desolating; desert 
anghyfaneddrwydd, n, desolation 
anghyfaneddu, v, to desolate, to waste 
anghyfannedd, a, uninhabited, desolate, 

desert 
anghyfansoddiadol, a, unconstitutional 
tanghyfarch, n, compulsion; rape, 
rapine; what is taken without leave 
(legal) 

10 



ANGH 



ANGH 



tanghyfarchwyl, a, improvident 
anghyfartal, a, unequal, disproportion- 
ate, uneven; impropert, unseemlyt, 
unreasonablet ; extremef 
anghyfartaledd, n, disproportion, dis- 
parity, discrepancy 
anghyfartalu, v, to disproportion 
anghyfartalwch, n, inequality, dispro- 

p<3rtion; improprietyf 
anghyfarwydd, a, unacquainted, igno- 
rant, unskilled, inapt, unfamiliar 
anghyfatebol, a, not corresponding, dis- 
crepant 
tanghyfeillach, nf, unfriendliness 
tanghyfeillachu, v, to dissociate; to 

excommunicate 
anghyfeiliorn, a, unerring 
tanghyfeiliorn, n, straying 
tanghyfeiliorni, v, to go astray 
anghyfeillgar, a, unfriendly, unsociable 
tanghyfeilliwr, n, an unfriendly one; 

enemy, foe 
anghyfìaith, pi. anghyfieithion, a, of a 

strange tongue, foreign, alien 
anghyfiawn, a, unrighteous, unjust 
anghyfiawnder -au, n, unrighteousness, 

injustice, iniquity 
anghyfiawnu, v, to make unjust; to 

falsify (Amos viii. 5) 
tanghyfion, a = anghyfiawn 
anghyfiawn, a, incomplete, imperfect 
anghyfiawnder, n, incompleteness, im- 
perfection 
anghyfieus, a, inconvenient, incommod- 
ious; impropert 
anghyfieustra, terau, n, inconvenience 
anghyflwr, n, miserable plight, mis- 
fortune, misery, distress, harm 
tanghyfiyrus.ii, ill-conditioned, miserable 
fanghyfnerth, a, impotent, futile 
tanghyfnerth(i], n, feebleness, impo- 
tence; misfortune, misadventure 
tanghyfnerthus, a, feeble, impotent 
anghyfnewidiol, a, unchangeable, mi- 

mutable, changeless 
anghyfnewidioldeb, anghyfnewidiolder, 

n, unchangeableness, immutability 
anghyfnifer, a, of unequal number 
tanghyfodedyn, a, in da anghyfodedyn, 

immovable goods (legal) 
anghyfraith, reithiau, nf, what is con- 
trary to law, lawlessnesss ; illegality, 
crime; transgression (i John iii. 4): 
a, unlawful, lawless 



anghyfrannog, a, incommunicable. Yr 

enw anghyfrannog (Wisdom xiv. 21) 
anghyfranogol, a, incommunicable. 
Priodoleddau anghyfranogol, incom- 
municable attributes 
tanghyfreithiol, a, unlawful, illegal ; law- 
less 
anghyfreithlon, a, unlawful, illegal, ille- 
gitimate 
anghyfreithloni, v, to illegahze; to 

nuUifyt 
anghyfrifol, a, irresponsible 
tanghyfrwys, a, unskilled, unskilful 
tanghyfun, a, not agreeing, inconsis- 
tent, incompatible 
fanghyfundeb, n, disagreement, discord, 

dissension 
anghyfunhyd, a, of unequal length 
tanghyfuno, v, to disagree, to dissent 
anghyfystyr, a, of different import 
anghyffelyb, a, dissimilar, unlike; im- 

paralleledf 
tanghyffred, a, uncomprehended; in- 
comprehensible: n. unconsciousness; 
confinement ; affliction ; example, 
warning 
anghyflredin, a, uncommon, unusual; 

rare; extraordinary 
anghyffro, a, immovable ; motionless 
tanghyffroëdig, a, immovable, unshak- 
able; motionless 
anghyffwrdd, a, intangible 
anghyflyrddus, a, uncomfortable 
tanghyngel -ion, n, monster 
tanghynghorus, a, ill-advised, unwise 
fanghyngor, n, indiscretion, unwisdom 
janghyngres, a, without a meetins 
anghyhoedd, a, not public; private 
anghyhyd, a, of unequal length 
fanghyman, a, isolated 
anghymdeithasgar, a, unsociable 
anghymdeithasgarwch, n, unsociable- 

ness 
anghymedrol, a, immoderate 
anghymedroldeb, anghymedrolder, n, 

immoderation, excess 
anghymen, a, inelegant ; indelicate, 

rude ; ineloquentj 
anghymeradwy, a, unacceptable 
anghymeradwyaeth, nf, disapproval 
anghymeradwyo, v, to disapprove 
tanghymes, a, inordinate 
anghymesur, a, immoderate, dispropor- 
tionate, improper, inordinate 



ANGH 



anghymesurwydd, n, immoderation (Ec- 

cliis. xxiii. 13) 
anghymharol, a, incomparable 
anghymharus, a, ill-matched (2 Cor. 

vi. 14) 
anghymhendod, n, untidiness; indeli- 
cacy, rudeness, incivility 
anghymhwyso, v, to unfit, to incapaci- 
tate, to disqualify 
anghymhwyster -au, n, incapacity, dis- 
qualification 
anghyraodlawn, a, implacable 
tanghymon, a, with uneven ends 
anghyrawynas -au, ;;/, unkindness, in- 
civility, disservice; incommodityt, 
iuconveniencet 
anghymwynasgar, a, disobliging 
anghymwynasgarwch, n, disobliging- 
ness 
anghymwys, a, improper, unsuitable, 

unfit 
anghyraydogol, a, unneighbourly 
tanghymyn, a, intestate 
anghynefln, a, unusual, unaccustomed; 

unfamiliar 
anghynefindra, n, unfamiliarity 
anghynhesol, «, toibiddmg, repulsive 
anghynifer, a, of unequal number, odd 
anghynnss, a, chill, cheerless; odious, 

repulsive, loathsome 
tanghynnull, a, not in array 
anghynnwys, a, incontinent: n, incon- 
tinence 
tanghynnwys, v. not to contain, to expel 
anghysain, a, dissonant, discordant 
anghysbell, a, out-of-the-way, remote 
tanghysgoged, .1, unmoved 
anghyson, a, inconsistent, discrepant; 

discordant 
anghysondeb, derau, u, inconsistency; 

disagreement, discord, discrepancy 
anghysur -on, n, discomfort 
tanghysurio, 7;=anghysuro 
anghysuro, v, to discomfort (Ezra iv. 4) 
anghysurus, n, uncomfortable 
anghysylltiad, n, disjunction 
anghytbwys, a, unequal in weight 
anghytun, a, not agreeing, discordant 
anghytundeb -au, n, disagreement, dis- 
crepancy, difference 
anghytuno, v, to disagree, to differ 
anghywair, «, disrepair 
tanghyweithas, a, untoward; imcivil; 
frowaril (I I'et. ii. iS) 



AIL 

anghyweithasrwydd, n, incivility 
anghywilydd, n, shamelessness, im- 
modesty 
anghywir, a, inaccurate, incorrect, false 
anghywirdeb -au, n, inaccuracy, false- 
ness 
anghywiredd -ion, n, inaccuracy, falsity 
anghywiro, v, to falsify 
anghywrain, fanghywraint, a, unskil- 
ful 
anghywreinrwydd, n, unskilfulness 
angladd -au, n & nf, funeral, burial, 

interment 
angladdol, a, funeral, funerary, fune- 

brial; funereal 
tanglas -au, n, a kind of sword 
taoglef -au, nf, cry of distress; yell 
angoel, n, unbelief, disbelief, discredit 
angof, n, forgetfulness, oblivion. Yn 

angof, forgotten 
tangor, n, miser : a, miserly, illiberal 
angor -ion -au, n, anchor 
angordreth -i, nf, anchorage duty 
angorfa -oedd, feydd, ni, anchorage 
angori, v, to anchor 
tanguriol, a, poignant, griev ous, painful 

(2 Mace. xii. 16) 
angyiaidd, a, angelical, angelic 
angyles -au, nf, female angel 
aha, i of exulting, or of rejoicing 
ai, ad, is it ? what ? Ai e ? is it so ? 

indeed ? 
ai, c, or; either; if, whether 
ai, V, thou wilt eo— ei 
ai, V, he went, used to go, or would go 

.{v.-n. myned) 
aidd, n, zeal, ardour, zest 
aiff, V, will go (colloq.). Se,- af 
aig, nf, the sea, the ocean, t;ie deep 

(false singular from eigion, oceanns) 
faig, eigiau, nf, shoal, multUiide, 

troop (mod. haig) 
ail, eiliau, n, second ; wattlingf. Mor- 
fran ail Tegid, Morfran the son of 
Tegid 
ail, a, second; like: ad, a second time, 
again. Bob yn ail, Ar yn ai!, by 
turns, alternately: originally Bob ail 
ail- px, re-, again, second 
ailadrodd, v, to repeat 
ailadroddiad -au, n, repetition 
ailadroddwr, wyr, n, repeater 
ailenedigaeth, ni, rebirth, regeneration 
aileni, v, to bear again, to regenerate 
12 



ATL 

Ailfedyddiwr, wyr, n, Anabaptist 

tailgyfodi, v, to rise again 

tailgyfodiad, n, resurrection 

ail-law, a, second-hand 

tailymgyrch -au, n, recurring ; epanal- 
epsis 

faill, a, either 

taill, eillion, faillt, eilltion, n, alien ; 
vassal; tenant; bondsman; servant. 
Mab aiilt, a serf (ht. a tonsured youth) 

tainc, einciau, n, desire, craving, greed 

ais, n & up, asau, «/^(asen & eisen, «/), 
lath?; the ribs 

ait, Î), thou wentest 

faith, en, eithin, n, furze, gorse 

tâl, n/, litter, brood, progeny; race 

alabastr, «. alabaster 

alaeth, n wailing, lamentation, grief 

alaethu, v, to lament (Jer. xlix. 3) 

alaethus, a, mournful, doleful, lamen- 
table, sad, grievous 

talaf -oedd, elyf, «, wealth, riches 

talafon, «/, centre, middle 

alan, n, tussilago, coltsfoot 

alannan, «, asarabacca 

talanod, np (elain, n/), fawns, deer 

alarch -od, elyrch, eleirch, n, swan 

alarchen -nau, nf, cygnet, young swan 

alarches -au, «/, female swan 

alaru, v, to surfeit ; to loathe K^ 

alarwm, «/, alarm, alarum 

alaw -on, nf, air, melody, tune 

ta.aw, elyw, n, lily ; water lily. — 
crewyll, hly of the valley. — diosgo, 
water aloe, water soldier. — y dwfr, 
water lily. — gerddi, white lily. — 
Ueiaf, frogbit 

alban -au, n & nj, cardinal point. — 
cihr, vernal equinox. — hefin, sum- 
mer solstice. — elfed, autumnal 
equinox. — artkan, winter solstice 

talbras(t), talbrys(t) -iau, n, cross-bow, 
arbalist, arblast 

alcam, alcan (Isa. i. 25), n, a metal; tin 

alch -au, eilch, nf, grate, gridiron (Ex. 
xxxviii. 4, 5) 

falches -au, n/, grated hole ; window 

ale, nt, alley 

alegori, îau, nf, allegory 

alegorîaidd, a, allegorical 

talgar, n, imicom; reindeer 

ali, H, aisle in chapel 

taliw -oedd, n, saliva, spittle 

taliwn, n, alien 



ALI,T 

Almaenaidd, a, German 

Almaeneg, nf, German 

.Mlnaenwr, wyr, n, German 

almanac -iau, n, almanac 

talmari, îau, n, cupboard, ambry 

almon, n. almond 

almonwydd, np (-en, nf), almond-trees 

aloewydd, up (-en, nf), lign-aloe (Num. 

xxiv. 6) 
talsawdd, soddion, n. algebra 
alsoddeg, ni, algebra 
alsoddol, a, algebraical, algebraic 
altrad, n, alteration, change 
altro, V, to alter, to change 
talu, V, to bring forth. Bnwch bron aluy 

a cow about to calve 
talusen, H/=elusen 
talwar -au, n, purse 
talwisen, »/=elusen 
talwyn, a, very white : n, albumen 
alwys, n, aloes 
tall, a & n, other, another 
allan, ad, out, without, out of doors. 

— law, off-hand, immediately. 

Oddi allan, from without 
tallanfa, feydd, nf, egress, exit 
allanol, a, outward, external^ ex- 
terior 
allanolwr, wyr, n, outsider 
alleg -ion, ni, allegory 
allegol, a, allegorical 
allegu, V, to allegorize 
allegydd -ion, n, allegorist 
talleiriad, ii, paraphrasing ; paraphrase 
talleirio, v, to paraphrase 
Allman, p.. Ellmyn, n, German 
allfori, allforio, v, to export, allforion, 

exports 
allfro, fröydd, nf, another country : a, 

exiled 
tallfryd, n, strangeness of mind 
tallog, n, alum 
tallogi, V, to aluminate 
allor -au, nf, altar; deacons' pew 
allt, elltydd, talltoedd, nf, hillside, hiU; 

cliff ; woodland ; a wood 
talltraw -on, n, godfather, sponsor 
talltrawd, trodion, n, foreigner 
alltrodiaeth, nf, banishment, exile 
talltrodio, v, to estrange, to banish 
alltud -ion, n, one of another country, 

alien ; exile : /. alltudes 
alltud, a, alien, foreign, exiled 
talltudedd, n, banishment, exile 
13 



^ U Ì{h2 Ü-UUI í)jj,S^î^íi:^^ 



ŴW/ÍM^ AjU. OAi^ÍLL 



ALLT 



AMD 



alltudes -au, nf, alien ; exile ; stranger 

(Ruth ii. lo) 
alltudiaeth, nf, banishment, exile, trans- 
portation 
alltudio, alltudo, v, to banish, to exile, 

to transport ; to alienate 
falitudryw, a, heterogeneous 
talltudydd, K=alltudedd 
alltwf, a, of ioreign growth, exotic, all- 

tyfion, exotics 
tallwaith, weithiau, nf, another time 
allwedd -au -i, nf, key. Allwedd cos- 

irel, corkscrew 
tallwest -i, n, pasture, grass 
jallwlad -oedd, wledydd, nf, foreign 

country 
fallwlad, n, alien, foreigner, exile 
jallwlad, a, foreign, alien, strange 
jallwladu, v, to exile, to banish 
jallwleidiwr, wyr, n, foreigner, alien 
tallwydd -au, n, key. Allwyddau Mair, 

ash-keys 
fallwyn. n, sorrow, grief, pensiveness. 

Cerdd allivyn, elegy, lament, dirge 
tallwynig, taHwynin, a, sorrowful, pen- 
sive, sad 
allwys, v^arllwys 

am, pr, round, about ; for ; at (of 
time) ; on. Am danaf, am danat, 
am dano, am dani, am danom, 
am danocli, am danynt, about me, thee, 
him, her, etc. Am hen, on top. Am 
y pared, on the other side of the wall 
am, c, for, because 
tamad, famhad, n, all-pervading 
tamadlaes, a, drawhng, shiggish 
famadrwy -on, n, trail, tram 
tamaerwy -on, n, fringe, skirt ; ring 
amaeth, temeith, femyth, amaethwyr, 
n, husbandman. '\ Amaeth - aradr, 
ploughman 
amaethdy, dai, n, farm-house 
amaethiad, n, husbandry, cultivation 
amaethon -iaid, n, farmer, agriculturist 
amaethu, v, to farm; to cultivate, to till 
amaethwr, wyr, amaethydd -ion, n, 

farmer, agriculturist 
amaethwraig, nf, farm-wife 
amaethyddiaeth, nf, agriculture, farm- 
ing, tillage 
amaethyddol, a, agricultural 
tamafael, famafaelyd, t;, to wrestle 
amair, eiriau, n, circumlocution, peri- 
phrasis 



tamall, a, thoroughly bad 
tamandlys, n, almond 
famar -oedd, n, noise round about 
amarch, n, disrespect, dishonour, dis- 
grace 
amarfog, a, armed on all sides ; fenced 
ambais, beisiau, nf, safeguard, riding- 
dress, habit 
ambarel, n & nf, umbrella (N.W.) 
tambawr, tambor,borion,w, greensward; 
pasture. Cylch ambawr, greensward 
cucle, in the mysteries of the bardic 
Gorsedd ; called also Cylch Gorsedd 
and Cylch Gwvngil 
ambell, a, occasional, rare, scarce, few, 
some. Ambell iin, one here and there. 
— waith, sometimes. fYn ambell, 
rarely, seldom 
tambellennig, a. Yn — , on rare oc- 
casions 
tambellt, a, scattered 
ambr, n, amber 

amcan -ion, w, aim, object, purpose, 

intent, thought; guess, conjecture, 

notion. Ar amcan, at a venture, at 

random 

amcandyb -iau, nf, conjecture, guess, 

hypothesis 
amcangyfrif, v, to estimate : -on, n, 

estimate 
tamcaniaeth, nf, conjecture ; purpose 
amcancl, a, conjectural, hypothetical 
tamcansail, seiliau, nf, hypothesis 
amcanu, v, to purpose, to mean, to in- 
tend; to aim; to guess, to conjecture 
amcanus, a, inventive, Imacky, resource- 
ful 
tamcawdd (amkawd), v, replied 
famde -on, n, covering, vesture 
amdeithlo, v, to itinerate 
amdeithiol, a, itinerant 
tamdlawd, a, very wretched or poor 
amdo -au, n, covering, shroud, winding- 
sheet 
amdoi, v, to shroud, to enshroud 
amdorch, dyrch, nf, chaplet, diadem; 

tendril 
amdorchi, v, to encircle; to wreathe 
amdro -ion, droeon, n, turn, revolution, 

winding 
amdroi, v, to turn, to revolve 
tamdrora, af, heavy with young 
tamdrwch, am, cut and mangled 
tamdrwch, drychlon, n, apocope 
14 



Qü»JÍvû*uftX 



Oi/^'^^JJM^ H/VVW^^ ' (hlu^i^^ 



AMD 



AjMG 



tamdrwm, am, heavy, sluggish 

famdrws -ion, n, wrapper 

tamdrwsgl, a, clumsy, awlvward, cum- 
brous 

tamdrychiad, n, amputation 

tamdrychion, np, cuttings 

tamdrychu, v, to hack, to amputate 

tamdrymder -au, n, heaviness 

tamdrymu, v, to grow heavy; to age 

tamduddo, v, to cover 

tamdyfion, np, exogens 

tamddasmal, v, to grope, to feel about, 
to fumble 

tamdde, a, surrounding 

amddifad, a, destitute; orphan 

amddifad, faid, vc, orphan 

amddifadrwydd, ;;, privation, destitution 

amddifadu, v, to bereave, to deprive 

amddifaty, n, an orphanage 

amddiiedi, n, destitution, privation 

famddifwyno, v, to spoil, to mar 

arnddiffyn, v, to defend, to protect, to 
shield; to fortify: -ion, n, defence, 
protection 

fainddiffynblaid, bleidiau, n/, defend- 
ant 

amddifTynfa, feydd, nf, stronghold, for- 
tification, fortress, fort, place of de- 
fence 

amddiffyniad, n, protection; defence 

amddifTynnwr, ynwyr, amddiffynnydd, 
ynyddlon, n, defender, protector 

tamddrychfa -oedd, feydd, nf, amphi- 
theatre 

tamddwll, a, gloomy 

tamddychwel -ion, nf, polyptote 

tamddyfrwys, a, rich, fertile ; surrounded 
by water 

amen -an, n, amen 

amenu, v, to say amen, to utter amens 

Americanaidd, a, American 

Americaniad, laid, w, American 

tamesgud, a, nimble in all directions 

tameth -ion, n, failure 

ameu, v, to doubt, to hesitate, to 
suspect: heuon, n, doubt, hesitation 

ameuyddiaeth, nf, scepticism 

amfachu, v, to plasp or twine about 

tarafod, H=amod 

amfordwyad, n, amfordwyaeth, nf, cir- 
cumnavigation 

amfordwyo, v, to sail round, to circum- 
naviijate 

amfordwywr, wyr, n, circumnavigator 



amgaeëdig, a, shut in, enclosed 
amgaer -au, nf, fortification 
amgaerfa, feydd, nf, fortified place, fort 
amgaeru, v, to immure, to wall round, 

to fortify 
tamgall, u, circumspect, wary 
famgan, nf, minstrelsy 
amgant, «, bound, circumference: a, 

round 
amgarn -au, n. ferrule 
amgau, v, to enclose, to shut in 
amgeledd, n, care, succour; solicitude 
amgeleddu, v, to succour, to cherish; to 

take rare of; to foster 
amgeleddwr, wyr, n, succourer, protector 
tamgelog, a, circumspect 
tamgelu, v, to hide, to conceal 
tamgelwch, n, sohcitude; protection 
amgen, a & ad, different, other, other- 
wise; else; better. Nid amgen, that 
is tOj say, namely, to wit, that is, 
videlicet (viz.) 
amgenach, a & ad, otherwise, better 

(i Tim. V. 25) 
amgeniad -au, «, parallax (in astro- 
nomy) ; variation 
jamgenu, v, to vary, to change, to alter; 

to differ; to better 
amglawdd, gloddiau, n, entrenchment 
amgledru, v, to rail round, to enclose 
amglymu, v, to twine, to clasp 
amgoch, a, red all round 
amgoed, a, surrounded by woods 
tamgor, «.-surrounding border, boundary 
famgor, a, encirc ling 
tamgrain, greiniau, n, rolling about, 
wallowing. Yn ei amgrain, pros- 
trate 
tamgreinio, v, to roll about, to wallow 
amgrwm, am, convex: /. amgrom 
amgrwn, am, globular: /. amgron 
tamgudd -ion, w, treasure 
jamguedd, n, cherished treasure, rarity 
amgueddfa, feydd, nf, museum 
amgwyn -ion, n, the herb tarragon 
tamgyfreu, a, speaking all round 
tamgyfTrawd, n, protection 
amgyffred -ion, n, comprehension 
amgyflred, v, to comprehend, to com- 
prise 
amgyflrediad, n, comprehension 
tamgyffreu, a=^amgyfreu 
amgylch -oedd -ion -au, n, circuit, sur- 
rounding, environ. Oddi amgylch, 






IS 



anigylch, round about, about, around. 
Amgylchion geiriau, circumlocution 
amgyich, pr, about, around, surrounding 
amgylchedd, );, circumference 
tamgylchen -nau, «/, turn, revolution 
amgylchfyd, ", environment 
amgylchiad -au, n, surrounding, com- 
pass, circumference; circuit; circum- 
stance; occasion; event 
amgylchiadol, a, circumstantial ; occa- 
sional 
amgylchiaith, ieithoedd, >i/, periphrasis 
amgylchoedd, np, surroundings, en- 
vironment 
amgylchu, v, to surround, to encompass 
amgylchynol, a, encompassing, sur- 
rounding, circumambient 
amgylchynu, v, to encompass, to com- 
pass, to surround 
tamhad, a. Sea amad 
tamhafal, a, like 
amharch, n. Sec amarch 
amharchedig, a, unrevered; irreverent 
amharchu, v, to dishonour, to disrespect 
amharchus, a, disrespectful, irreverent; 

disreputable 
amharhaus, a, unenduring 
amhariaa, <i, impairment, damage 
amharod, a, unprepared, unready 
amharodrwydd, n, unreadiness, reluc- 

tanre 
amharu, v, to impair, to harm, to 

injure, to spoil, to mar, to damage 
amharus, a, impaired 
arahechadurusrwydd, n, sinlessness 
tamheiriant, tamheirant, «, loss of 

amhendant,a, indecisive, indefinite, vague 
amhendantrwydd, n, indecisiveness, in- 

dehniteness, vagueness 
amhenderfyniad,n, indecision, irresolution 
amhenderfynol, a, irresolute 
amhenodol, o, indefinite, vague 
amhenodolrwydd, V, indefiniteness, 

vagueness \ 

amheraldd, a, not sweet, unclean, foul 
tamherawdr, odron, )! = ynierawdwr 
amherchi, v to dishonour, to insult 
tamherilaidd, a= amheríTaith 
amherffaith, a, imperfect 
tamherffeiddrwydd, tamherffeiddwch, n 

— amherfleithrwydd 
amherfieithrwydd, », imperfection 
amhersonol, a, Impersonal 



AML 

amherthynasol, a. unrelated, irrevelant 
amherthynol, a, impertinent, irrelevant 
amheuaeth, ;;/. doubt, scepticism 
amheugar, a suspicious; sceptical 
amheuol, a doubting, doubtfui 
amheus, a doubting, doubtful, du- 
bious 
amheuthun, a rare, dainty, savoury: 
-ion, n, rarity, dainty, delicacy, treat 
amheuwr, wyr, n, doubter, sceptic 
tamhiniog, a, abutting upon; bordering: 
-au, -ion, n, ihresho d ; door post; 
borderer 
amhlantadwy, a. childless, barren 
amhleidgar, amhleidiol, a, impartial 
amhleidgarwch, n, impartiality 
amhoblogaidd, a, unpopular 
amhoblogeiddio, v, to make unpopular 
amhoblogrwydd, n. unpopularity 
amhosibilrv/ydd, n. impossibility 
amhosibl, a, mipossibie 
amhriod, n, improper 
amhriodol, a, inappropriate, improper, 

unfit ; unmarriedt 
amhriodoldeb, n impropriety 
tamhfiodor -ion, n, non- possessor, non- 
proprietijr : a, not rightful, improper 
amhrisiadwy, a priceless, invaluable 
amhrofiadol, a, inexperienced 
amhrolBdiol, a, unprofitable, profitless 
famhrudd, a, imprudent; insedate 
famhrudd-der, n, imprudence, un- 
wisdom 
tamhryd, a, untimely 
tamhrydferth,», unhandsome, unseemly, 

ugly 
amhrydlon, a, untimelyt; unpunctual 
amhrydlwyd, n, fleabane 
amhur, a, impure, foul, vitiated; pol- 
luted 
amhurdeb, amhurder, amhuredd, n, im- 
purity; pollution 
amhwyll, n & a. See amwyll 
tamhwyllig, a = amhwyllog 
amhwyllo, v, to lose one's senses 
amhwyllog, amhwyllus, a, mad, foolish 
1 amhwynt, n. See amwynt 
tamiS; n/, vestment, amice 
ami, a, frequent; many; plentiful, 

abundant : ad, often, oft, frequently 
tamlaes, a, trailing 
amlaethai, eion, n, milkwort 
tamlan, a. fair, pure 
tamlaw -iau, nf, glove, gauntlet 
i6 



AML 

tamlaw, a, additional, attendant. Atn- 

Law ddynion, camp followers 
tamlbriodas, nf, polygamy 
amlder, amldra, n, plenty; abundance; 

miiltitude; frequency 
amidroed -ion, n, polyped 
amldduw -laid, amidduwiad, laid, n, 

polytheist 
amldduwiaeth, nj, polytheism 
amlediad, «, expansion, diffusion 
amledd, n= amlder, amldra 
amleiriog, a, verbose, prolix 
amien -ni, nf, cover, envelope, wrap- 
per 
amlennu, v, to envelop, to cover 
amlenwi, v, to fill all round 
amlhad, n, increasing, increase 
amlhau, v, to increase, to multiply, to 

abound; to overflowt 
tamliaith, amlieithog, a, polyglot 
amlinell -au, nf, outline, contour 
amlinelliad -au, n, outline, sketch 
amlinellu, v, to outline, to trace 
amliw -iau, n, stain : a, stained; of differ- 
ent colours, variegated 
amliwio, V, to colour (Wisdom xiii. 14) 
amliwiog, a, multi-coloured, variegated 
amlochrog, a, many-sided, multilateral 
iamlun iau, m, image 
amlwaith, ad, many a time, often 
amlweddog, a, having many aspects, 

man^^-sided 
amlwg, a, apparent, evident, plain, 
clear, obvious, manifest; visible, con- 
spicuous; exposed, prominent; pa- 
tent; brightf 
amlwreic(i)aeth, nj, polygamy 
amlwreiciwr, wyr, n, polygamist 
tamlycàu, v, to manifest, to reveal, to 

explain 
amiycter, n, clearness, plainness, promi- 
nence 
amlygiad -au, n, manifestation, revela- 
tion, demonstration, expression 
tamlygol, a, manifest, demonstrative 
amlygrwydd, n, prominence 
amlygu, v, to manifest, to reveal, to 

show, to evince, to express 
tamlymu, v, to make bare, to clear, to 

trim 
tamlynu, v, to follow, to pursue 
tamaad, a, crying all round 
amnaid, neidiau, nf, beck, nod, sign 
tamnaid, n, protection 



AMR 



famnawdd, a, protecting or protected 
round about 

amneidio, v, to beckon, to nod, to make 
a sign 

tamneidlyd, a, suggestive 

tamner -au, n, purse 

famnerydd -ion, n, purser, almoner, 
bursar 

amnhêdd, amnheddu, v, to crave, to 
beg 

amnifer -oedd, n, odd number 

amniferedd, n, imparity 

amniferog, a, uneven in number ; in- 
numerable 

tamnod -au, n, mark, token 

amnoddi, v, to guard, to protect 

amnoeth, a, naked or exposed 

amnoethi, v, to denude, to strip 

tamnwyth, n, pleasantry 

amnyddu, v, to twine about 

tamobr, n, commutation fee; virgin fee 
(legal) 

amod -au, n & nf. contract, covenant, 
compact, agreement; condition. Amod 
priodas, marriage contract, promise of 
marriage, amodau, terms, conditions, 
stipulations 

amodedig, a, stipulated 

amodi, v, to contract, to covenant, to 
stipulate 

amodol, a, conditional 

amodwr, wyr, «, contracting party 

tamofyn, v. Sec ymofyn 

tamogawr, v, 3rd s. pres. ind., he shouts 
around 

tamogel, v. imp. See ymogel 

tamogor -au, nf, shelter 

tamor -au, n, fortune, luck. Hawdd- 
amor, good fortune 

Amoriad, iaid, n, Amorite 

tamorth, n, hindrance; misfortune, dis- 
grace; curse 

tamosgre -on, n, essential ; attribute 

tamperawdr, «=amherawdr 

tamrafael -ion, w= ymrafael 

tamrafael, a=amryfal 

famrafaelder, n, variety, diversity 

amrai, a, factitious for amryw 

amrain, n, the pennywort 

tamraint, mreintiau, mreiniau, n, breach 
of privilege; dishonour 

amrant, annau, antau, n, eyelid; in- 
stant. Trawiad amrant, the twink- 
ling of an eye 

17 



AMR 

amrantiad, n, wink, twinkling, second, 

moment, instant 
amrantu, v, to wink, to blink 
amrantun, >;, short sleep, doze, nap 
amrantuno, v, to slumber, to sleep 
amranwen, nf, wliitewort, wild camo- 
mile A mramven Elen Luyddog, spick- 
nel, bald-money, meu 
tamrawd, odiau, n, illegality, wrong 
tamrawdd, roddion, n, discourse 
tamred, o, running round 
tamredu, v, to imitate; to counterfeit, 

to feign 
tamreinio, v, to violate privilege ; to 

dishonour 
amreiniol, a, unprivileged 
tamrentyn, n, wink, doze 
tamri, m= anfri 
tamrith, a, diverse 
tamrithder -au, n, diversity, variety 
jamrithio, v, to variegate, to diversify 
jamrosgo, a, unwieldy, vast 
tamrosgoyw, a, unwieldy ; diagonal 
amrwd, a, raw, uncooked, crude 
tamryd, a~-^amhryd 
jamrydar, n, turmoil, noise 
amryddawn, a, versatile 
amryddoniaeth, nf, versatility 
atnryddull, a, multiform, protean 
tamryfaelus, a, diverse, diversified 
amryfal, a, various, diverse, sundry, 

manifold 
amryfath, a, multifarious, miscellaneous 
amryfeilryw, a, heterogeneous 
tamryfes, n, sin, transgression 
amryfodd, a, of various modes 
amryfus, a, erroneous, faulty; inadver- 
tent 
amrylusedd -au, «, error, mistake, over- 
sight, inadvertence 
tamryfuso, tamryfuseddu, v, to err 
tamryfflau, a, very great, huge 
■famryffreu, a, manifold 
jamrygoll -ion, n, loss, damage 
tamrygwyn, n, tribulation 
tamrygyr, a, mangled, torn, wounded 
amrylais, a, of various sounds 
amrylaw, a, of various hands 
amrylawn, a, filling all, all-pervading 
amrylawr, a, of several floors. Ty am- 

rylawr, a house of several stories 
amrylef, a, of many tones 
amryliw, amryliwiog, a, multicoloured, 
variegated 



AMVV_ 

amrylun, a, of various forms 
ainrysain, a, of different sounds 
tamrysgoyw, rt=amrosgoyw 
amrysill, a, polysyllabic 
tamryson, v & n= ymryson 
amryw, a, divers, sundry, various, 
several. Compounded with other 
words signifies 'varied, diverse.' am- 
rywion, miscellanies, varieties 
amrywiad -au, n, variant, variation 
amrywiaeth, n, variety, diversity 
amrywiaethol, a, having variety, varied, 

miscellaneous 
amrywio, v, to diversify ; to vary, to differ 
amrywiog, a, having variety, diversified 
amrywiol, a, various, sundry; varied, 

miscellaneous; several [amryw) 
tamsang, w, tread, step; parenthesis 
tamsangu, v, to tread, to trample 
tamsathr, n, treading about; footing. 
Amsathr dynion, the footprints of 
men. Lie amsathr, a place much 
frequented 
tamsathru, v, to tread, to trample 
amser -oedd -au, n & nf. time, season. 

/:ob amser. always 
amseriad -au, n, timing, dating; date 
taraseriadur -on, n, time-piece; chrono- 
meter 
tamserlyfr -au, n, chronicle 
amserol, a, timely, seasonable; tem- 
poral 
amseroni, iau, n, almanac 
amseronydd -ion, «, almanac-maker 
atnseru, v, to time, to date 
amserydd -ion, «, chronologist 
amseryddiaeth, nf, chronology 
amseryddol, a, clironological 
tamsud, a, varied 

tamug, famwyth, v, aor. s. 3, he de- 
fended : amwyn 
tamwall, a, broken on each side 
amwe -oedd, nf, selvage, skirting 
tamweddi, nf, solemn prayer 
amweu, v, to make a selvage 
tamwibon -iaid, nf, amphisbrena 
amwisg -oedd, nf, envelope; shroud, 

winding-sheet; upper garment 
amwisgo, V, to enwrap, to shroud 
tamwobr, n^^amobr 
amwregysu, v, to begird; to surround 
tamws, emys, n, stallion, steed 
tamwyd, np (-yn, n), earthworms. Am- 
wydyn y cefn, the spinal cord 
18 



^lMVV 

amwyll, ambwyll -ion, n, indiscretion; 

insanity : a. insane, frenzied 
tamwyll, a. gloomy, dismal 
tamwyllt. a, wild, furious 
tamwyn, :. to defend, to guard, to 

protect 
tamwynt, n, ill health, disorder 
amwys, a, equivocal, ambiguous; wit- 

amwysedd, n, ambiguity 

tamwyth, >i, wrath; ferocity, defence 

tamyd, ", mixed com. Bara amyd, 

mixed bread, barley bread 
amyn, c, unless, except, but 
amynedd, >i, patience, forbearance 
amyneddgar, •'■amyneddus, a, patient, 

forbearing, long-suffering 
amyneddgarwch, )i. long-suffering 
tamysgafn, j. .light, nimble, agile 
tamysgar -oedd, cm, entrails, bowels 
tamysgawn, u= amysgafn 
tan, f>i = ein 
tanab. +anap, >.' = anhap 
anaeh -au, nf, impediment 
anachaidd. a. incestuous, illicit 
anad, a, especial, peculiar. ^'>i anad 
dim, above all things; especially. Yn 
aitaJ fieb, above all others, more than 
anyone 
anadferadwy, a, irreparable 
anadl -au, n & nf, breath. Diffyganadl, 
shortness of breath; asthma, dyspnoea 
anadliad -au, n, breathing, respiration 
anadlog, a. breathing, respiring 
anadlu, r, to breathe, to respire 
anadlyn, r.. single breathing 
anadnabyddus, a, unknown 
tanadrwydd, », distinction, peculiarity 
anaddas, a, unseemly, improper, unfit, 

unsuitable, inappropriate 
anaddasu, f, to unfit, to disqualify 
tanaddwyn, a, improper, rude 
anaeddfed, anaddfed, a, imripe. imma- 
ture 
anaeddfedrwydd. »i, unripeness, imma- 
turity 
tanael, íj= anhael 
anaeleiui, ii, awful, sore, dire, direful; 

incurable: »i sore 
tanaelef, +anaelew, cî = anaeleu 
anaf -au, >i. blemish, delect; wound 
janafle, >;. sore place, sore, wotmd 
tanafod, >i, wound; ailment; boil, sore 
(Lev. xiii. 42) 



AND 

anaf a, i;, to blemish, to maim, to hurt , 

to injiu-e 
anaf us, a, maimed; blemished; dis- 
abled; hmrtful, harmful, injurious 
anair, eiriau, n, iU report, infamy, slan- 
der, calumny reproach, disgrace (Xtmi. 
xiv. 36, 37); 
anal, nf, breath (S.W.)= anadl 
anallu -oedd, n, inability; impotence 
analluedd, 11, impotence 
analluog, a, unable; impossiblet 
analluogi, v, to disenable, to incapaci- 
tate; to disable 
analluogrwydd, n, inability 
+anamtell, ad, scarce; seldom 
^anamgyflred,_fl, incomprehensible 
anaml, .;. infrequent, rare, scarce: ad, 

rarely, seldom 
anamlder, anamldra, n, infrequency, 

scarcity, scarceness, fewness 
anamlwg, a, indistinct, obscure, incon- 
spicuous 
anamser -oedd, >i, unfit time, wrong 

moment 
anamserol, a, untimely, unseasonable, 

inopportune, mistimed 
anamseru, v, to render untimely, to 

mistime 
tanant, faniant, n, song 
fanant, up, poets, minstrels 
tanap, >i=anhap 
anaraul, .7, sunless, gloomy 
anareholladwy, a, invulnerable 
anarier -ion, nf, want of use, disuse 
janardymer, >;, distemper 
anarferol, a, unaccustomed, unusual, 

extraordinary, uncommon, strange 
anarfog, a, unarmed 
+ anarloes, a, uncleared, uncultivated 
+anaw, u, wealth, riches, largesse 
anawdd, a, hard, difficult 
Tanawell, a, matured (of beer) 
Tanawr, .;. See anhawr 
tancr, ;i, anchoret, anchi)rite. Fel yr 

alter, like a hermit; honest, sincere 
tancres -au, tif, anchoress 
tancwyn -ion, (i, dainty; dessert; ration 
tancyrdy, >:, anchoret's house, hermitage 
tanchwant, »1, abundance, satiety 
+anchwardd, v, pres. ind s. 3, smiles 
anchwiliadwy, a, unsearchable, in- 
scrutable 
tandaw, r, to listen, to hear 
andras, andros, >i, the deuce (colloq.) 
19 



Ä^tó^UAO^Í*^ ^ ^^U%>u-vÄ^UA<^A,^' 



AND 
andwyad, u, andwyaeth, h/, undoing, 

niin 
andwyo, v, to spoil, to mar, to ruin, to 

undo 
andwyol, íí, harmful, ruinous 
andwywr, wyr, n, undoer, ruiner 
janebryfygedig, a, unforgetting, unfor- 

getful 
tanedifarus, a, unrepenting, unrelenting 
anedifeiriol, a, impenitent 
anedifeirwch, n, impenitence 
aneddfa -oedd, feydd, nf, dwelling-place 
aneddle -oedd, n, dwelling-place 
aneddu, anheddu, v, to dwell, to in- 
habit, to reside 
aneffeithiol, a, ineffectual, inefficacious 
aneglur, rt, indistinct ; obscure; illegible 
aneglurdeb, aneglurder, n, indistinct- 
ness; obscurity; illegibility 
tanegni, n, inertia, inactivity 
janegwan, a, not feeble, strong 
taneiddil, a, stout, sturdy 
taneilun -od, n, phantom 
taneirfuwch, nf, heifer (i Sarn. xvi. 2) 
taneirian, a, ungainly, unseemly 
aneirif, a, innumerable, numberless, in- 
finite: 11, abundance, infinity 
taneirio, v, to slander, to defame 
taneisor, taneisior, a, unequalled, in- 
comparable, matchless, peerless 
anelog, a, on the bend; bent; aiming 
anelu, v, to bend; to stretch; to aim 
anelwig, a=annelwig. Anelwig ddef- 

nydd [Vs. cxxxix. 16) 
anenwog, a, unrenowned, ignoble, mean 
aaerchiad -au, );, salutation, address 
anesboniadwy, a, inexplicable, unac- 
countable 
tanesgor, a, inevitable; insuperable; 

inseparable; incurable 
tanesgorol, a, irremediable; incurable; 
inexorable; inextricable; inevitable; 
insuperable, insurmountable; intoler- 
able 
tanesgud, a, not diligent, active, or 

quick; slow, slack, negligent 
anesgusodol, a, inexcusable, unwarrant- 
able 
tanesgymod, «=anysgymod 
anesmwyth, a, uneasy, restless 
anesmwythder, anesmwythdra, «, un- 
easiness, unrest 
anesmwytho, v, to be or to make uneasy, 
to disquiet oneself, to fret, to worry 



■^F__ 

anesmwythyd, n, uneasiness; anxiety, 

worry 
taneuog, a, guiltless, innocent 
anewyllysgar, a, unwilling; involuntary 
anewyllysgarwch, h, unwillingness 
tanfab, a, barren, childless 
anfad, a, villainous, monstrous, ne- 
farious, atrocious, heinous, wicked» 
infamous 
anfadrwydd, n, villain^', atrociousness, 

enormity, wickedness, infamy 
tanfadus, a, iniquitous, impious 
anfadwaith, n, villainy, atrocity 
anfadwr, wyr, n, villain, scoundrel 
anfaddeugar, a, unforgiving 
anfaddeuol, a, unpardonable 
tanfaintunaidd, a, unsizable, bulky 
tanfalch, a= difalch 

tanfanawl, a, rough, clumsy, un- 
tidy 
anfantais, teision, «/, disadvantage, 

drawback 
anfanteisiol, a, disadvantageous 
anfarwol, a, undying, immortal, death- 
less 
tanfarwolaeth, nf, immortality 
anfarwoldeb, n, immortality 
anfarwoli, v, to immortalize 
anfarwoliad, n, immortaUzation 
anfarwoliad, laid, n, immortal 
anfedrus, a, unskilful, bungling 
anfedrusrwydd, n, unskilfulness 
anfeddyginiaethol, a, incurable, irreme- 
diable 
anfeddylgar, a, thoughtless, heedless 
anfeidrol, a, infinite, immense 
anfeidroldeb, n, infinity 
anfelys, a, not sweet; unsavoury, un- 
pleasant 
anferth, a, ugly, huge, monstrous, im- 
mense 
anferthedd, n, monstrosity 
anferthol, a, huge, monstrous 
anferthu, v, to mar, to disfigure, to ' 

deform 
anferthwch, anferthrwydd, n, monstros- 
ity 
anfesuredig, a, unmeasured; incom- 
prehensible (Common Prayer) 
anfesurol, a, immeasurable, infinite 
tanfethlig, a, unhindered 
anflas, n, insipidity, tastelessness 
anflasus, a, tasteless, insipid, unsa- 
voury 

20 



iX^l(^\/tí&f 



# 



.^^ 



ANF 

anfodlon, a, discontented, displeased; 
unwilling 

anfodloni, v, to discontent, to dis- 
satisfy, to displease, to offend; to be 
offended or displeased 

anfodlonrwydd, n, dissatisfaction; dis- 
content; disapproval; displeasure; 
unwillingness, reluctance 

anfodd -ion, n, displeasure ; rapef. 
an/odd, against one's will, unwillingly; 
involuntarily, unintentionally 

anfoddhau, anfoddio, v, to displease, to 
disoblige 

anfoddlon, etc. See anfodlon 

anfoddog, a, dissatisfied, discontented 

anfoddogi, v, to discontent, to dis- 
please 

anfoddogrwydd, ii, discontentment 

anfoes -au, «/, incivility; immorality 

anfoesgar, fanfoesog, a, unmannerly, 
rude, ill-bred, coarse, vulgar 

anfoesgarwch, », rudeness, incivility 

anfoesol, a, immoral; unmannerlyf 

anfoesoldeb, n, immorality 

tanfoledig, tanfoliannus, a, infamous, 
reprobate 

anfon, v, to send; to transmit, to di- 
spatch; to convey, to conduct 

anfonadwy, a, that may be sent, trans- 
missible 

anfoneddigaidd, a, ungentlemanly, dis- 
courteous 

anfoneddigeiddrwydd, n, ungentleman- 
liness, discourtesy 

anfoniad, ii, sending, transmission di- 
spatch 

tanfonog, a. sent, anfonogion, apostles. 
missionaries 

tanfreinio, v, to disfranrhise=difreinio 

anfreiniog, a, unprivileged 

anfri, n, disrespect, disesteem, disre- 
pute; dishonour, disgrace; tuberous 
moschatel 

anfucheddol, a, immoral, depraved 

anfudd -iau, n, disadvantage, hurt, in- 
jury 

anfuddiant, iannau, n, disadvantage 

anfuddiol, a, unprofitable, profitless 

anfuddioldeb, n, unprofitableness 

antwriadol, a, unintentional, unde- 
signed 

anfwyn, a, unkind, uncivil, ungentle 

anfwynder, n, unkindness 

tanfyged, n, disgrace 



_ _ A NH 

tanfynnu, v, to un-wish, to un-desire, 
to grudge 

tanfynog, a, ungentle, fierce 

anfynud, fanfynudol, a, indelicate, un- 
refined 

fanfynudrwydd, n, indelicacy, dis- 
courtesy 

anfynych, a. unt'requent, seldom, rare 

anffaeledig, a, infallible, unfailing 

anflaeledigrwydd, n, infallibility 

anitafriol, a, unfavourable 

anffawd, odau, odion, nf, misfortune, 
mishap 

tanflodiog, anffodus, a, unfortunate, un- 
lucky 

+anffortun, n misfortune 

anfTortunus, a unfortunate 

tanflrwynedig, a, unbridled 

anffrwythlawn, -Ion, a, unfruitful, bar- 
ren, sterile 

anflrwythlondeb, n, unfruitfulness, in- 
fertility, barrenness 

anffrwythloni, v, to sterilize 

anffrwythlonrwydd, n = anflrwythlon- 
deb 

anfliirf, » deformity, mutilation 

tanflnrfaidd, a unshapely, deformed 

anffurflo, ;', to disfigure, to deform, to 
distort, to mar, io mutilate 

anflyddiaeth, n infidelity, atheism 

anffyddiwr, wyr, n iniidel, atheist 

anflyddlawn, -Ion, a, unfaithful, faith- 
less; infidelf 

anflyddlondeb, anffyddlonder, n, un- 
faithfulness, infidelity 

anflyddol, a, infidel, atheistic 

tanhad, a peevish, fretful 

tanhaddef, a homeless 

anhaeddiannol, a. undeserving, un- 
merited; unworthy 

anhaeddiant, iannau, n demerit 

anhaeddol, a unmerited, undeserved 

anhael, a illiberal, miserly, mean 

tanhagreb -au. n/, euphemism 

anhallt, a, not salt 

anhanesol, anhanesyddol, a unhistoric- 
aj 

anhap -ion, «, mischance, mishap. Ad- 
rodd ei hap a'i cnhap, to relate one's 
adventures 

anhapus, a, unhappy, unfortunate, un- 
lucky 

anhapusrwydd, n, unhappiness, infeli 
city 



ANH 
anhardd, a, not handsome; unseemly, 

indecent 
anharddwch, n, uncomeliness 
anhawdd, a, not easy, difficult, hard 
anhawddgar, a, unamiable 
tanhawr, tanawr, a, housed, in plirase, 

Mad anhawr, well-housed 
anhawster, anawsterau, n, difficulty 
anhebgor, a & »=anhepgor 
tanhedd, n, peace, settlement 
■fanheddog, a, with fine dwelling 
anheddu, v, to dwell, to reside 
anheini, anheinif, a, listless, sluggish, 

slow 
anhepgor -ion, n, what is indispensable; 

requisite, essential: a, indispensable 
anhepgorol, a, indispensable 
tanhepwedd, a, unremitting 
tanhiliog, «, unprolific: n, barrenwort 
anhoff, a, unamiable 
tanhuddo, î;=enhuddo 
anhun, nf, wakefulness; sleeplessness 
anhunanol, a, unselfish, disinterested 
anhunedd, m, wakefulness; disquiet, 

troul;le 
anhunog, a, wakeful, disquieted, 

troubled 
anhwyl, n, indisposition, sickness, ma- 
lady, disorder, complaint 
anhwyldeb, derau, n, disorder, affection, 

malady, complaint 
anhwylio, v, to become disordered; to 

disorder 
anhwylus, a, nut of order; unwell, sick, 

ailing; mconvonient 
anhwylustod, n, inconvenience 
fanhwymp, ii=anwymp 
tanhyar, a, not easily ploughed; hard 
anhyblyg, n, inflexible, stiff, rigid 
anhybris, a, invaluable 
anhybwys, a, imponderable 
anhydawdd, a, difficult to melt, m- 

sf)luble 
anhyder. ». distrust, diffidence 
anhyderus, a, diffident 
anhydor, a, mtrangible, not fragile 
anhydraeth, a, unutterable, ineffable 
anhydraidd, a, impenetrable 
anhydraul, a, indigestible 
anhydrig. a, uninhabitable 
anhydrin, a, unmanageable, intractable 
anhydro, a, inconvertible 
anhydwf, a, ill-grown, stunted 
anhydwyth, a, inelastic 



ANI 



tanhydyb, a, inconceivabie 

anhydyn. a, intractable, obstinate 

anhyddwyn, a, unbearable 

anhyddysg, a, unfamiliar, uninstructed, 
unversed 

fanhyedd, v, to beg, to entreat, to im- 
plore 

fanhyeddwr, wyr, n, deceiver ; craven 

tanhyfaeth, a. ill-bred, rude, uncivilized 

anhyfedr, a, inexperienced, unskilful 

tanhyfeth, a, infallible, indefectible 

tanhyflin, a, indefatigable 

anhyfryd, a, unpleasant 

tanhyfrydrwydd. « = anhyirydwch 

anhyfrydu, v, to be displeased or dis- 
mayed 

anhyfrydwch, n, unpleasantness 

tanhyful, a, immodest 

anhyfTer, a, incongealable 

anhyftordd, a, impassable; uninformedt 

anhygar, a, unamiable, unlovely 

anhyglod, a, unrenowned, uncelebrated; 
disreputable; infamous 

anhyglud, a, not portable 

anhyglust, a, not oi quick ear 

anhyglwyf, a, invulnerable 

anhyglyw, a, inaudible 

anhygoel, a, incredible 

anhygosb, a, incorrigible 

anhygred, a, incredible 

anhygyrch, a, inaccessible 

tanhyladd, a, not easily cut ofí 

anhylaw, a, unhandy, inexpert; un- 
wieldy 

anhylon, a, cheerless, dismal 

anhylosg, a, incombustible 

anhylwydd, a, unprosperous 

anhynaws, a. untoward; ungenial, 
hnrsh 

anhynod, a, undistinguished, common- 
place; indistinctive, uncertain (i Cor. 
xiv. 8) 

anhysbys, a, unknown ; unversed 

anhywaith, a, intractable, refractory; 
wild, indocile; harsh; difficult, hard 
(2 Thess. iii. 2) 

anhyweithder, anhyweithdra, n. intrac- 
tability, indocility, wildness; harsh- 
ess; hardness 

anial, a, desert, wild, uncultivated; 
solitary, desolate ; extremef, mon- 
troust, grievoust: n, desert, wilder- 
ness 

anialdir -oedd, n, desert, waste 

22 



AN I 

anialwch, n, wilderness, desert; rubbish 

anian -au, nf, nature, disposition, tem- 
per, temperament; quality; instinct; 
genius 

anianaeth, n/, physics 

anianawd, odau, n. temperament; dis- 
position 

anianddysg, nf, physiology 

anianeg. nf, physics 

anianol, a, natural ; impetuoust, 
spiritedt; extremef (2 Esd. x. 7) 

anianydd -ion, n, naturalist 

anianyddiaeth, nf, natural philosophy, 
physics 

anianyddol, a, physical 

tanias, n, dislike of battle 

anifail, feiliaid, n, animal, beast 

anifeilaidd, a, brutish, bestial 

anifeileidd-dra, n, animahty; brutish- 
ness, beastliness, bestiaUty 

anifeileiddio, v, to auimalize. to brutahze 

anifeilig, a, animal, of animals 

tanifiged, n. See annifiged 

anlwc, n, bad luck, mishap, misfortune 

anlwcus, a, unlucky 

anllad, a, wanton, lascivious, lewd, lust- 
ful, Ubidinous, unchaste 

anlladrwydd, n, wantonness, lascivious- 
ness, lewdness, unchastity, lust 

aniladu, v, to wanton 

aniladwr, wyr, n, wanton, debauchee 

fanllai, ad, in nid anllai, nevertheless 

anllathraidd, a, unpolished, rugged 

tanllawdd, a, costly 

tanllawdd, n, fame 

anlletygar, a, inhospitable 

tanllodi, tanlloddi, v, to squander, to 
waste 

tanlloddi, v, to praise, to extol 

tanlloedd. np, riches, means, estate 

tanlloeddog, a, affluent, rich 

tanllofi, î', to handle, to reach 

anllosgadwy, a, incombustible 

anllosgedig, a, unbumt, unignited 

anlluddedig, a, unfatigued 

anllygradwy, n. incorruptible 

anllygredig, a, incorrupt, incorruptible 

anllygredigaeth, nf, incorruption 

tanllygredd, n, incorruption 

anllythrennog, a, illiterate 

anllythrenogrwydd, n, illiteracy 

anllywodraeth, nf, anarchy 

anilywodraethus, a, unruly (las. iii 8) 

tanmaid, nf, nod, beck (amnaid) 



ANN 

tanmynedd, ?i^^amynedd 
annaearol, a, unearthly, weird 
tannarfod, a, endless, infinite (diddarfod) 
annarluniadwy, a, indescribable 
annatodol, a, indissoluble 
tannatro, a, nr^ recurrent 
annaturiol, a, unnatural 
annaturioldeb, annaturiolder, n, unnatural- 

ness 
tannawdd, «, a stroke 
fannawn, noniau, n, ill-luck, misfortune 
anneall, n, want of understanding; ig- 
norance 
anneallus, a, unintelligent; ignorant 
annechreuol, a, without beginning 
annsdwydd, a, unhappy, miserable 
annedwyddo, v, to make unhappy, to 

discomfort 
annedwyddwch, n, unhappiness, misery 
annedd, aneddau, anheddau, tennydd, 

nf, dwelling, residence 
anneddfol, a, lawless ; unlawful, ille- 
gitimate (i Mace. i. 34) 
tanneflg, a, unprivileged 
annefnyddiol, a, useless ; immaterial 
anneheu, a, undexteruns, maladnjit 
anneheuig, a, unskilful, clumsy 
anneheurwydd, n, unskilfulness, clumsi- 
ness 
annel, anelau, nf, tension; prop; pillar 
(i Kings X. 12); a gin. Riioi gwayw 
ar annel, to couch a lance. Bwa ar 
annel, a bent bovv 
annelwig, a, shapeless, formless, imformed. 
Annelwig ddefnydd, embryo, foetus (Ps. 
cxxxix. 16) 
anner, aneirod, nf, heifer 
annerbyniol, n, unacceptable; inad- 
missible 
annerch, v, to salute, to greet, to ad- 
dress: n, salutation, greeting 
tannerth, n, want of strength 
fannewidiol, a, unchanging, inmiutable 
annewisol, a, ineligible; undesirable 
annhangnefedd. *;, strife, dissension 
annhangnefeddu, v, to disquiet 
annhangnefeddus, a, unpacific 
annhebyg, a, unlike, dissimilar 
annhebygol, a, improbable, unlikely 
annhebygolrwydd, n, improbability 
annhebygrwydd, n, unlikeness, dissimi- 
larity 
annheg, a, unfair, unjust 
annhegwch, n, unfairness 

23 



^ ANN 

annheilwng, a, unworthy 
annheilyngdod, ii, un worthiness ; indig- 
nity! 
tannheilyngu, v, to refuse, to dechne 
annheimladwy, a, unfeeling; impalpable 
annherfynedig, a, unended, endless 
annherfynol, a, infinitive; ininite, 
boundless; endless, unending. r\ti last- 
ing. Modd annherfynol, infinitive mood 
annherfynoldeb, n, endlessness, infinity 
annhirlog, a, landless 
annhirion, a, ungentle, harsh, micl 
annhiriondeb, annhirionder, n. ungen- 

tleness, harshness, cruelty 
annhosturi, n, rutlilessness 
annhosturiol, a, pitiless, ruthless 
annhraethadwy, annhraethol, a, unutter- 
able, unspeakable, ineffable, inexpres- 
sible 
tannhrefig, a, non-resident 
annhrefn, m/, disorder, confusion 
annhrefnu, j', to disorder, to disar- 
range 
annhrefnus, a, disorderly; untidy 
annhreuliedig, a, unconsumed 
annhrigiant, n, non-residence 
annhrugarog, a, unmerciful, merciless 
annhrwsiadus, a, untidy, slovenly 
annhuedd, n/, disinclination, indispi>si- 

tion 
annhueddol, a, impartial; disinclined 
annhueddrwydd, «, disinclination 
annhwyllodrus, a, undeceiving, true, 

sincere 
annbyciannus, a, inauspicious; unsuc- 
cessful 
tannhyngedfennol, a, luige, prodigious 
tannhynghedfen -noedd, tif, misfortune 
annhyngwr, wyr, n, nonjuror 
annhymherus, a, intemperate, untem- 

pered 
fannhymig, a, untimely, unseasonable; 
premature, ' born out of due time ' 
(i Cor. XV. 8) 
anniben, a. interminable, slow, slovenly 
annibendod, n, confusion, disorder 
annibyniaeth, nf, independence; (A) In- 
dependency, Congregationalism 
annibynnol, a, independent 
Annibynnwr, ynwyr, ii, Independent, Con- 

gregationalist : / Annibynwraig 
annichellgar, a, simple, guileless; can- 
did; sincere 
annichon, annichonadwy, a, impossible 



_ ANN' 

anniddan,fl, comfortless, unhappy, miser- 
able, dismal 
anniddig, a, peevisli, irritable, fretful 
anniddigrwydd, «, peexishness 
anniddos, a, not weather-tight, admit- 
ting rain, leaking, leaky 
anniesgeulus, a, careless, negligent (2 

Mace. xii. 14) 
annifeirio!, a, innumerable (Ps. xl. 12) 
tanniflged, n, sorrow, grief, chagrin 
anniilan, anniflannol. anniflanedig, a, 

unfading; perpetual (i Pet. v. 4) 
annifyr, a, miserable, disagreeable 
annifyrrwch, n, unpleasantness, misery 
annifioddadwy, anniffoddedig, a, un- 
quenchable, inextinguishable 
fanniffygiedig, a, unfailing, perpetual 
annigonedd, n, insufficiency, inadequacy 
annigonol, a, insufficient, inadequate 
annigonolrwydd, annigonoldeb, n, insuffi- 
ciency, inadequacy 
tannigrif, a. unpleasant, disagreeable; 

mournful, sad 
annileadwy, a, mdelible, ineffaceable 
annilyneb -au -ion, ;;/, anacoluthon 
annilynol, a, inconsequent, inconsecu- 
tive 
annilys, a, uncertain, unautlientic, 

spurious 
tannilysu, v, to repudiate, to reject 
annillyn, a, inelegant 
annillynder, «, inelegance 
tannioddef, n, impatience 
tannioddefedig, a=aunioddefoI 
tannioddefiawdr, a= annioddefol 
annioddefol, fannioddefus, a,, unbear- 
al:)le, insufferable, intolerable; im- 
patientj 
anniogel, a, insecure, unsafe 
anniolchear, a, unthankful, ungrateful 
anniolchgarwch, ;;, ingratitude 
tanniolchus, a= anniolchgar 
annirnadwy, a, incompiehcnsil'lr 
tannisbur, a, pure, unalloyed 
annisgiifiadwy, a, indescribable 
annisgwyl, annisgwyliadwy, a, unex- 
pected 
tannisgyblaidd, a, undisciplined, m- 

disi rcet 
anniwair, a, unchaste, incontinent, lewd, 

wanton; amorousf 
anniwall, a, insatiable 
tanniweidiad, h, compensation for m- 
jury 

24 



^y^^/'^^M^^^jJiùff ' ' u^ A*c/v.w4*vJL * 



ANO 



anniweirdeb, n, unchastity, incontinence, annynol, a, inhuman, cruel 

lewdness ^annysgedig, a, unlearned, untaught 



tanniwyg, w, disorder 

tanniwygu, v, to disfigure, to deform, 
to mar 

fanniwygus, a, disfigured, deformed, 
marred 

anniwylliedig, a, uncultivated, uncul- 
turpd 

tannod, odau, n, stop, delay; suspen- 
sion. Cyfrif annod, suspense account 

tannod, tanodi, v, to suspend, to delay. 
Annod y gyfraith, to make void a suit 

annoeth, o., unwise, imprudent 

annoethineb, n, unwisdom, indiscretion 

tannofl, v, to become refractory 

annog, v, to incite; to exhort; to urge, 
to encourage 

annos, v, to drive, to chase, to incite, 
to set (a dog) on 

annosbarthus, a, unreasonable, irra- 
tional; unruly, disorderly 

fannudd, a, evident, conspicuous 

annuw, a, godless, atheistic 

annuw -laid, annuwiad, iaid, n, atheist, 
infidel 

annuwiaeth, nf, atheism 

annuwiol, a. ungodly, godless 

annuwioldeb, annuwiolder, n, ungodli- 
ness 

annwfn, annwn, n, the underworld, 
hades, hell, the abyss 

annwyd, >i, cold, chillness. Mac wedt 
cael annu'vd. he has caught cold. 



tannywededig, a, unspeakable, ineff- 
able 
anobaith, n, despair 
anobeithio. v, to despair 
anobeithiol, a, hopeless, despairing, des- 
perate 
anobeithlon, a, unhopetul, despondent 
tanobeithus, a= anobeithiol 
tanober, tanoberi, n, trifle, bagatelle 
anochel, anocheladwy, a, unavoidable, 

inevitable 
tanodi, v, to stop, to stay, to slick 
anodd, a, hard, difficult 
tanoddef, a, unbearable : n, intoler- 
ance, impatience 
tanoddefadwy, a, insufferable 
anoddefgar, a, intolerant, impatientf 
anoddefgarwch, n, intolerance, im- 

patiencef 
tanoddefol, tanoddefus, a, intolerable, 

impatient 
tanoddeu -on, n, unintentional act 
tanoddun, tanoddytn, n, abyss; the 

deep: a. deep 
anoeth, a. hard, difficult (S.W.) 
fanoeth -au, n, a thing hard to obtain 
+anoethach, ad, much less, still less 
anogaeth -au, nf, incitement, admoni- 
tion, exhortation, persuasion, en- 
couragement, inducement 
anogaethol, a, encouraging, hortative, 

hortatory 
tanogawn, a=anwogawn 



fTwymyii annwyd, influenza 

tannwyd, .pi. anwydau, n, nature, dis- fanogedigaeth -au, nf, incitement 

position, temper; passion, anwydau, anogol, a, inciting, encouraging 

qualities anogwr, wyr, n, exhorter, inciter, insfi- 
annwyl, a, beloved, dear; lovable. O'r gator 

annwyl, dear me tanolaith, a, inevitable 

tannwyl, anwylydd, n, friend, favourite fanoleithad, fanoleithiog, a, completely 



annychwel, a, unretummg 
annyehweladwy, a, irreversible 
annychweledig, a, unconverted 
tannyddarbod, n, improvidence 
tannyfrwys, a, unwatered, drv 
annyled -ion, >i/, that whicii is not due; 

pretended debt 
annyledog. a, not having claim 
annyledus, a, without obligation; un- 
due; wrongful 
annymunol, a, undesirable, unpleasant, 

disagreeable 
annymunoldeb, n, undesirability 



destroying 

tanoleu, a, indistinct; gloomy, dusky 

tanolo, </. ineffectual, void, nugatory 

anolrheinadwy, a, unsearchable; not to 
be traced; 'past finding out' (Rom. 
xi. 33) 

anolygus, a, unsightly 

anonest, a, dishonest 

anonestrwydd, n, dishonesty 

anorchfygol, a, unconquerable, invinci- 
ble, irresistible 

anorfod, a, insuperable ; invincible ; 
unavoidable 

25 



ŵA^ ^. i/á. |-^*/-7 



ANO 






ANT 



anorffen, a, endless (i Tim. i. 4); in- 
finite; unfinished 
anorffenedig, a, unfinished, incomplete 
anorfTennol, a, imperfect; uncompleted. 

A niser anorffennol, imperfect tense 
anortfwys, a, restless, unquiet 
tanorles, a, hideous, sinister 
fanosgeiddig, a. deformed, mis-shapen 
tanosteg, anostegol, a, that cannot be 

silenced, irrepressible 
tanostwng, n, insubordination 
anostyngedig, a, wanting in humility, 

proud, arrogant 
anostyngol, a, unsubjected 
anras, «, gracelessness; mischief 
anraslawn, anraslon, anrasol, a, grace- 
less; ungracious; nefarious, impious 
tanrymus, j, impotent, ;,-owerless, weak 
anrhaith, rheithiau, nf, plunder, pillage, 
prey, spoil, booty; distress; belovedt, 
dariingt (poet.). ^Anrhaith gribddail, 
a total confiscation, t^ nrhaith oddef, 
confiscation of movables (legal) 
tanrhaith, a, grievous, sore 
anrhanadwy, a, indivisible 
anrheg -ion, nf, present, gift ; dishf, 

messt, course at tablet 
anrhegiad -au, n, presentation 
anrhegu, v, to present, to give 
anrhegwr, wyr, n, presenter, giver 
anrheithgar, a, predatory 
anrheithiad, n, depredation, spoiling 
anrheithio, v, to prey, to spoil, to plun- 
der, to pillage, to depredate, to ravage 
anrheithiol, a, depredating, desolating 

(Dan. xii. 11) 
anrheithiwr, wyr, n. spoiler, desolator 
tanrheithoddef, n, in the Welsh laws, 
one liable to have his property con- 
fiscated, on account of having been 
found guilty of robbery, murder, &c. 
tanrheswm, n, unreason (2 Mace. xiv. 8) 
tanrhesymol, i, unreasonable, irrational 

(2 Pet. ii. 12) 
anrhifedig, a, unnumbered, innumerable 
tanrhyal, n, breed, progeny; beast 
anrhydedd -au, n, honour: reverence; 

rankt 
anrhydeddu, v, to honour 
anrhydeddus, a, honourable, noble. 

Givir anrhydeddus, right honourable 
anrhydeddusrwydd, n, honourableness, 

nobleness 
anrhydeddwr, wyr, n, honourer 



tanrhyfawd, odau, n, wonder, marvel 
tanrhyfedd, a, wonderful, marvellous 
tanrhyfeddod -au, n, wonder, mar\pl 
tanrhyfeddu, v, to wonder, to marvel 
ansad, a, unsteady, unstable, shaky 
ansadrwydd, n, instability 
ansafadwy, a, unstable; fickle; waver- 
ing 
ansathredig, a, untrodden, unfrequented. 
Gair ansathredis, a word seldom 
employed 
tansawd, sodau, sodion, n, person 
ansawdd, soddau, soddion. n Ik nf, 
condition, state ; quality ; appear- 
ance!, formf, guiset- Ansawdd dam- 
weiniol, accidental quality ; adjectivet 
ansefydlog, a, unsettled; unstable, fickle 
ansefydlogi, v, to unsettle 
ansefydlogrwydd, n, unsettledness, in- 
stability 
anserchog, a, unaffectionate, loveless, 

unamiable 
anserchog!, v, to become loveless 
anserchogrwydd, n, inamiability 
fansertenol, a, uncertain 
ansicr, a, uncertain, doubtful 
ansicrwydd, n, uncertainty, doubt 
ansoddair, eiriau, n, adjective 
ansoddeiriol, a, adjectival 
ansoddi, v, to plaice, to establish; to con- 
stitute; to qualify 
ansoddol, a, component ; qualifying 
ansoniarus, a, unmelodious 
ansyber, a, indecent, unseemly; untidy, 

slovenly 
fansyberw, a, discourteous, uncivil, un- 
couth 
fansyberwyd, n, incivility, discourtesy; 

indignity, disgrace 
ansylweddol, a, unsubstantial 
ansynhwyrol, tansynhwyrus, a, sense- 
less, foolish, mad 
anterliwt, liwdiau, «/, interlude 
anterth, «, forenoon; height, meridian, 
zenith, prime t-"""";'' a"terth, 9 a.m. 
antinomiad, laid, n, antinomian 
Antinomiaeth, h/, Antinomianism 
antur -iau -ion, n, attempt; venture; 

adventure 
tantur, ad, scarcely, hardly. Ond an- 
tur, prradventure 
anturiaeth -au, nf, enterprise, adventure 
anturiaethus, a, adventurous, daring; 
enterprising, bold 

26 



•-**c ^ 



ANT 

anturiaethwr, wyr, n, adventurer 
anturio, v, to venture, to attempt, to 

adventure 
anturiog, a, enterprising 
anturiwr, wyr, n, adventurer 
anturus, a, adventurous, enterprising 
anthem -au, «/, anthem 
anudon, n, false oath , perjury 
tanudonawl, «=anudonwr 
anudonedd, n, anudoniaeth, uf, anudon- 

rwydd, n, perjury 
tanudonus, a, perjured 
anudonwr, wyr, n, perjurer 
anufudd, a, disobedient 
anufudd-dod, n, disobedience 
anufuddgar, a, disobedient, undutiful 
anufuddhau, v, to disobey 
tanufylltod, n, inhumility, pride 
tanun, nf, sleeplessness, unrest, dis- 
quiet: a, disquiet, troubled (anhun) 
annndeb, n, disunion 
anuniawn, anunion, a, indirect, not 

straight; (fig.) unjust 
anuniondeb, n, injustice, iniquity 
anuno, v, to disunite, to separate 
anunol, a, disagreeing 
anurddas, n, indignity, dishonour 
anurddo, r, to spoil, to mar, to disfigure 
tanwacheladwy, tanwacheledig, a= an- 

ocheladwy 
anwadadwy, a, undeniable, indisputable 
anwadal, a, unsteady, inconstant, un- 
stable, wavering, fickle, changeable 
tanwadalrwydd, )i = anwadalwch 
anwadalu, r, to waver, to vacillate 
anwadalwch, «, fickleness, inconstancy 
tanwaedu, v, to blood, to draw blood 
tanwaered, «, slope, declivity 
anwahanedig, a, undivided 
anwar, a. ungentle; arrogant; savage, 
barbarous, uncivilized, untamed, un- 
domesticated, wild, anwariaid, bar- 
barians, savages 
anwaraidd, a, uncivilized, barbarous, 

savage 
anwarddyn, n, barbarian, savage 
anwaredd, n, savageness, barbarity 
anwareidd-dra, n, uncivilization, bar- 
barity 
anwastad, a, uneven, unsteady, incon- 
stant, unstable, fickle 
anwastadrwydd, n, unevenness, fickleness 
tanwaws, n, unpleasantness 
tanwaws, n, not submissive 



ANW 



anwe -oedd, nf, woof (Lev. xiii. 48) 
fanwedig, a=enwedig 
anwedd, n, steam, vapour (S.W.) 
anwèdd, a, extraordinary, monstrous : 

ad, exceedingly, extremely (N.W.) 
anweddaidd, a, unseemly, indecent 
anweddeidd-dra, n, unseemliness, inde- 
corum, indecency 
fanweddog, a, unmarried 
tanweddogaeth, nf, celibacy 
anweddus, a, unbecoming, unseemly, 

indecent, indelicate, improper 
anwel. a, invisible; unseen 
anweladwy, a, invisible; out of sight 
anweledig, a, unseen, invisible 
anweledigrwydd, n, invisibility 
anwelladwy, a, incorrigible; incurable; 

incapable of improvement 
anwenwynig, a, non-poisonous 
an was, n, indulgence; caress; peevish- 
ness. Capel anwes, chapel of ease 
anwesog, a. much indulged, pampered, 

affectionate; fond; peevish 
anwesu, v, to fondle, to cherish, to 

caress, to pamper, to indulge 
anwir, a, untrue, lying, false: wicked 
anwir -iaid, n, wicked one 
anwiredd -au, n, untruth, falsehood; 
iniquity. Dywedyc^ anwiredd, to tell 
lies 
anwireddu, v, to falsify 
anwireddus, a, untruthful, false, lying, 

iniquitous 
anwirio, v. to falsify 
anwiw, a, unworthy; useless 
tanwogawn, a, undistinguished 
tanwr, wyr, n, unmanly man ; coward 
anwraidd, n, unmanly, cowardly 
anwreidd-dra, n, unmanliness, cowardice 
anwrol, a, unmanly; cowardlv 
anwroldeb, anwrolder, n, unmanliness, 

cowardice 
anwrthbrawf, a, imrefuted, irrefutable 
anwrthbrofadwy, a, irrefutable 
anwrthwynebadwy, a, irrefragable, in- 
disputable, incontrovertible 
anwrthwynebol, a, unresisting, irre- 
sistible 
anwybod, n, ignorance (Acts iii. 17); 

want of manners! : a, unknown 
anwybodaeth, nf, ignorance 
anwybodol, a, unknowing, unconscious 
anwybodus, a. ignorant 
tanwybodusyn, usion, n, ignoramus 
27 



ANW 

anwybyddu, v, to ignore 

anwybyddus, a, unknown; unknowing, 
unconsrious 

anwyd, n. See annwyd 

tanwydin, a, passionate 

anwydo, v, to get cliilly 

anwydog, a, cold, cliilly; having a cold 

fanwydol, a, temperamental 

anwydus, a, sensitive to cold, apt to 
catcli cold 

anwydwst, nf, influenza 

tanwydd, n, steam=anwedd 

anwyl, a, dear=annwyl 

tanwyl, a, shameless, impudent, bold 

anwÿldeb, anwylder, anwyldra, an- 
wyledd, n, belovedness, dearness 

anwylddyn -ion, n, sweetheart ; favourite 

anwyliadwriaeth, nf, want of caution, 
incaution 

anwyliadwrus, a, incautious 

anwyliald, np, beloved ones, favourites 

anwylo, v, to cherish, to fondle, to caress 

tanwylserch, w, affection, love 

anwylyd, anwyliald, n, beloved 

anwylyn, n, favourite 

tanwymp, a, ugly, displeasing, un- 
seemly 

anwyryfu, v, to devirginate, to deflower 

anwywig, ;;, mossy tillaea 

tanyngnad, a=anynad 

anymadroddus, <?, not talkative, taciturn 

anymarferol, a, unpractical, imprac- 
ticable 

tanymddibyniaeth, nf, independence 

tanymddibynnol, a, independent 

tAnymddibynnwr, wyr, n. Independent 

anymddiried, v, to mistrust : n, mistrust, 
diffidence 

anymddiriedaeth, nf, want of confidence, 
mistrust, diffidence 

tanymgynnal, n, incontinence, intem- 
perance 

anymhongar, fl=diymhongar 

anymladdgar, a, not apt to fight (i Tim. 
iii. 3) 

anymodiad, n, immobility 

anymwthgar, a, unobtrusive, retiring 

anyrawybodol, a, unconscious 

anymwybyddiaeth, nf, unconsciousness 

anymyrgar, anymyrrol, anymyrrus, a, 
inofficious, not intermeddling 

anynad. j, peevish, petulant; brawling 
(Prov. xxi. o) 

anynadrwydd, n, peevishness, petulance 



ARA 

tanynawd, a= anynad 

anynni, n, inertia 

tanysbryd -oedd, n, evil spirit, fiend 

anysbrydol, a, unspiritual 

tanysgoged, a, unshaken, immovable 

anysgogol, a, immovable, fixed; un- 
flinching 

anysgrifenedi?, tanysgrifedlg, a, un- 
written 

anysgrythyrol, a, unscriptural 

tanysgyfrith, a, unfeigned 

tanysgymod, n, enmity, hostility 

anystwyth, a, stiff, rigid, inflexible 

anystwytho, v, to grow stiff, to stiffen 

tanystyr, a, unheeding, unconscious 

anystÿriaeth, nf, heedlessness; rashness; 
indifference; impiousness, impiety 

anystyriol, a, heedless; rash; reckless; 
foolhardy; impious 

anystywallt, tanystywell, a, untoward, 
unmanageable, unruly, wild 

apêl, n & nf, apeliad -au, n, appeal 

apeliadol, íî, appealing, appellant 

apelin, v, to appeal 

apeliwr, wyr, apelydd -ion, n, appellant 

apostol -ion, n, apostle 

apostolaidd, apostolig, a. apostolic 

apostoliaeth, nf, apostleship 

apothecares -au, nf, apothecary 

apothecari, laid, n, apothecary 

apwyntiad -au, n, appointment 

apwyntio. v, to appoint 

âr, H, ploughed land, tilth; ground 

ar, ^r, on, upon; over; of; for; at. Ar 
draws, across. Ar fedr, intending, 
purposing. Ar fin, on the point of. 
Ar fyr o dro, shortly. Ar gerdded, 
going on. Ar gychwyn, about to start. 
Ar i fyny,' upwards. Ar i waered, 
downwards. Ar y go'reu, at best, 
Ar y Ueiaf, rather too little. Ar y 
mwyaf, rather too much. See arn- 

ar, a'r, pn, that, which 

arab. a, joyous, merry; pleasant; witty, 
jocular; droll 

Arabaidd, a, Arabian 

arabedd, n, iocundity, drollery, tace- 
tiousness, wit 

tarabeddiaitb, nf, pleasing discourse ; 
wit 

tarabeddus, a, facetious; burlesque 

Arabeg, nf, Arabic 

tarabhawl, nf, trifling action at law 

Arabiad, laid, n, Arab, Arabian 
28 



wAJkJLiJL 



Clrv6^>^ 



ARA 

arabol, a, yielding mirth; witty 

arabus, a, witty 

arabwr, wyr, n, jester, buffoon 

aradr, erydr, fereidr, n & nf, plough. 
fAwaelh aradr, ploughman 

aradrwr, wyr, c, ploughman 

taradu, v, to plough, to till=aredig 

taradwr, wyr, n, ploughman 

taradwy, a, arable : n, ploughing 

arat, a, slow, soft, mild, gentle, still. 
Yn am/ deg, gently, slowly ; by degrees 

arataidd, a, ratlier slow; gentle, soft 

tarafhau, !)=arafu 

arafu, v, to slow ; to quiet; to moderate 

arafwch, n, slowness; mildness; modera- 
tion (I'hilip. iv. 5) 

farail, v, to attend, to look after, to 
mind, to guard: a, attending 

araith, areithiau, nf, oration, speech. 
Araith darwg, bad language 

arall, pi. eraill, erelU, a & pii, another, 
other, else 

aralleg -au -ion, nf, allegory 

arallegol, a, allegorical 

araliegu, v, to allegorize 

arallegydd -ion, n, allegorist 

aralleiriad -au, n, paraphrase 

aralleirio, v, to paraphrase 

aralleiriol, a, paraphrastic 

tarallfro, nf, another country 

taralliad, 71, alteration; conveyance; 
alienation 

tarallu, z^, to alter; to invert; to transfer; 
to alienate 

Aramaeg, Arameg, nf, Aramaic 

taran, nf, garden 

araul, a, sunny, sunlit; serene; pleasant 

arawd, arodion, nf, eloquence; oration, 
speech, allocution 

tarbais, beisiau, nf, upper coat; over- 
skirt 

arbed, tarbedu, v, to spaie, to save 

arbedol, a, sparing, saving 

tarbedrwydd, n, abstinence. — Dyddiau 
arbedrwydd 

arbenigol, a, special, especial, distin- 
guished: -ion, «t, distinguished one, 
chief 

arbenigrwydd, n, supremacy, excellence; 
speciality, pecuUarity; prominence 

arbennig, a, principal; chief; special: 
nt, chief 

tarber, nf, arbour, bower; garden 

tarberygl, n, great danger 



ARCH 

tarberyglu, v, to endanger, to hazard 

greatly 
tarblaid, bleidiau, nf, sect, faction 
tarblast, n, arblast, arbalist, cross-bow 
tarblastwr, wyr, n, arbalister 
arbrawf, brofion, n, experiment, test 
tarbwylieb, farbwylleg, nf, logic 
arch, eirchion, archau, nf, request, pe- 
tition, demand; command, bidding 
arch, eirch, nf, trunkf, chestf, waistf; 
ark, coffin. Arch y cyfamod, the ark 
of the covenant 
tarch -au, nf, an arch 
arch-, px, chief, principal, high, arch- 
archadeiladaeth, nf, architecture 
archadeiladydd -ion, n, architect 
farchadw, v, to guard carefully 
tarchafael, i'=dyrchafa3l 
archangel, ylion, n, archangel 
tarchdeyrn, n, monarch 
farchdeyrnaeth, farchdeyrnogaeth, nf, 

monarchy 
farchdeyrnol, a, monarchial, monarchical 
archddiacon, tarchddiagon, tarchiagon 

-iaid, n, archdeacon 
archddiaconiaeth, n, archidiaconate; 

archdeaconry 
archddiaconol, a, archidiaconal 
archdduc, ddugiaid, «, archduke 
archdduges -au, nf, archduchess 
archddugiaeth, nf, archdukedom; arch- 
duchy 
archeb -ion, nf, order. — • ar ariandy, 

cheque 
archebu, v, to order 
tarchen, nf, farchenad, n, shoe, foot- 
wear, apparel, clothing, raiment 
archesgob -ion, n, archbishop 
archesgobaeth -au, jarchesgobawd, bod- 
au, nf, archbishopric, archiepiscopate, 
archdiocese 
archesgobol, a, archiepiscopal 
archesgopty, tai, nf, archbishop's palace 
archfa, /;/, steam, stench (archwa) 
tarehfain, a, slender-waisted 
archiad, ;;, bidding; request, petition 
tarchiagon, n. iiee archddiacon 
tarchlyfn, a, sleek-bodied 
archmain, n, thrift (in botany) 
archoffeiriad, iaid, n, high-priest 
"archofleiriadaeth, nf, high-priesthood 
archofleiriadol, a, high-priestly 
archoll -ion, ferchyll, nf, wound, cut 
archolladwy, a, vulnerable 
29 



ARCH 
archolledig, a, wounded 
archolli, v, to wound, to gash, to cut 
archwa, n/, stink, stench 
tarchwaeddu, v= archwaethu 
archwaeth, n, savour; taste; appetite 
archwaethu, v, to taste; to savour 
archwaethus, a, savoury, tasty 
archwilio, v, to examine, to audit, to 

explore 
archwiliwr, wyr, n, auditor; explorer 
ard»l -oedd, nf, border of a country; 
marches; region; province; district, 
neighbourhood 
ardalaeth, nf, marquisate 
tardalor -ion, n, marquis 
ardalwr, wyr, n, inhabitant of a district; 

marquist 
ardalydd -ion, n, marcher, marquis 
tardawch, a, hazy and sultry 
ardeb -au, n, portrait 
tardebed, n. If the word is more 
than ar debed, it would appear to 
be an intensive form of tebed, 
wliich see 
tarderal -au, nf, house, building; taber- 
nacle 
tardemlu, v, to entertain, to cherish 
tardemlwr, wyr, n, patron 
tardraws, a, transverse, cross 
ardrem -iau, nf, prospect 
tardremu, v, to behold, to survey 
ardreth -i, nf, rent, toll, tax ; revenue 

(2 Mace. ix. 16) 
ardrethol, a, rented, hired (Acts xxviii. 30) 
ardiethu, v, to rate, to tax, to rent 
tardwy -on, n, defence, protection 
tardwyad, aid, n, governor; protector 
tardwyo, v, to govern, to protect 
jardymer, herau, nf, temperature; tem- 
perament 
tardymherawd, a, tempered 
fardymherol, a, temperamental 
fardymheru, v, to temper; to refresh 
fardymherus, a, temperate 
tardy myr, n=^ardymer 
ardystiad -au, n, attestation, pledge 
ardystio, v, to certify, to witness; to 

testify, to attest, to pledge 
tardd, n, a height 

arddanghosfa, etc.= arddangosfa, etc. 
arddangos, v, to show, to exhibit, to 

display, to indicate, to represent^ 
arddangosfa, feydd, nf, exhibition, show 
arddangosiad, n, indication; exhibition, 
display 



ARDD 

tarddamlewychiad, n, iflumination, re- 
velation 

arddawd, ddodion, n, prefix, adjunct 

arddedig, a, ploughed, tilled 

arddegau, up, teens 

arddel, tarddelw, tarddelwi, v, to 
claim; to assert; to avow; to own 

arddeliad, n, owning; unction 

tarddelw, n, claim; challenge; assertion: 
V. See arddel 

tarddelwad, n, averment; avowal 

tardderchedd, n, exaltation 

ardderchog, a, excellent, noble, exalted; 
splendid, magnificent 

ardderchogi, i', to ennoble, to dignify 

arddercho(w)grwydd, n, excellence, ex- 
cellency 

tarddigonedd, n, superfluity, superabun- 
dance 

tarddiog, a, slow, sluggish, apathetic 

arddodi, v, to place, to set; to prefix; 
to impose 

arddodiad, iaid, n, preposition; prefixt 

arddodiad -au, n, prefixion, imposition; 
prothesis. Arddodiad dwylaw, the 
laying-on or imposition of hands 

arddodol, arddodedigol, a, prepositive 

tarddrws, «, lintel 

tarddu, a, very black or dark 

arddu, v, to plough, to till (factitious 
for aredig) 

tarddufrych, a, swarthy, speckled 

arddull -iau, nf, style 

tarddulliad, n, an arrayer 

ardduUiwr, wyr, arddullydd -ion, n, 
stylist 

arddullyddol, a, stylistic 

tarddun, a, sublime; simple 

ardduniant, n, sublimity; dignity 

ardduno, v, to dignify; to revere 

tarddunocàu, v, to purpose 

arddunol, a, grand, majestic; sublime 

tardduo, v, to blacken over 

arddwr, wyr, n, ploughman 

tarddwriaeth, nf, agriculture 

arddwrn, ddyrnau, n, wrist 

farddwyo, v, to manage 

tarddwyrain, v, to rise, to exalt; to 
extol 

tarddyar, n, uproar, outcry 

tardd ygrafi -ion, nf, orthography 

tarddygrafTol, a, orthographical 

tarddyled -ion, nf, obligation, duty 

tarddymchwelyd, v, to overwhelm 
30 



CiUo^lt 



AKDD 



ARG 



tarddyrchafael, v, to raise, to exalt, to 
elevate; to rise, to ascend; to aug- 
ment 

tarddyrchedd, n, exaltation 

farddyrndlws, h, wristlet (Ecclus. xxi, 

21) 

tarebol, a, witty 

tarebwr, wyr, tarebydd -ion, n, wit 

aredig, v, to plough : n, ploughing 

tareilio, v, to watch, to guard, to at- 
tend, to mind 

tareiliwr, eilwyr, n, watcher; shepherd 

areitheg, nf, rhetoric 

areithfa -oedd, feydd, nf, rostrum, pul- 
pit, platform 

areithio, v, to speak, to make a speech 

areithiwr, wyr, n, speaker, orator 

areithle, »= areithfa 

areithydd -ion, n, speaker, orator 

areithyddiaeth, nf, oratory; elocution 

areithyddol, a, oratorical 

arel, n, laurel 

aren -nau, nf, kidney; testicle (N.W.). 
arennau, reins, kidneys 

taren, a, witty, pert, eloquent 

farestwng, v, to bow, to submit 

art, arfau, feirf, n & nf, weapon ; tool, 
instrument, implement, artau, arms, 
armour ; tools. Arfau bonedd, ar- 
morial bearings. ^Arfau gwynion, 
white armour. Tynnu arfau, to 
blazon arms 

tarfaethol, a, intentional 

arfaethu, v, to design, to purpose; to 
preparef 

tarfal, n, toll for grinding 

arfdy, dai, n, armoury 

tarfedd, H=arfeddyd 

tarfeddyd, n, design, purpose, inten- 
tion 

tarfeiddio, v, to dare, to venture 

tarfeisio, v, to wade 

tarfel -ion, nf, design, portraiture, t Ys- 
golion arfel, schools of design 

farfelu, v, to draw a likeness; to design 

tarfelydd -ion, n, delineator 

arfer, v, to use, to accustom: -ion j-au, 
n & nf, use, custom, habit, wont; 
fashion 

arferedig, a, used, accustomed 

arferiad, n/, use, custom, habit 

arferol, a, cu.stomary, usual, ordinary; 
wont, wonted 

+arferu, arferyd, v, to use, to inure 



arfgell -oedd, nf, armoury 

farfgryd, n, brandishing of arms 

arfle -oedd, n, armoury 

farflen -ni -nau, nf, heraldic shield 

arfod -au, nf, stroke of a weapon, blow; 
armour, arms 

tarfod, nf, time, opportunity, season 

farfodiog, a, gashed 

tarfoel, a, bald 

tarfoeledd, n, baldness 

tarfoeli, v, to grow bald "• 

arfog, a, armed, bearing arms: n, 
hedge-mustard 

arfogaeth -au, nf, armour, armament 

arfogi, V, to arm 

arfogion, np, armed men 

tarfoloch, a, troublesome, turbulent 

tarfoll -au, n, reception, welcome; 
covenant, treaty, contract; promise; 
oath, pledge; ally, confederate: t; = ar- 
folli 

tarfolli, V, to entertain, to receive, to 
welcome; to covenant; to conceive 

tarfoUwr, wyr, n, covenanter, con- 
federate 

tarfor -oedd, n, seaside : a, maritime 

arfordir -oedd t-3dd, n, maritime land; 
coast 

arfordref -i -ydd, nf, maritime town, 
seaport town 

tarfordwy, nf, sea-coast 

arforol, a, maritime, seafaring 

tarfraint, freintiau, freiniau, nf, pre- 
rogative 

tarfreiddio, v, to hurl weapons 

tarfrith, a, of variegated surface 

tarfriw -iau, n, external wound 

arfrych, a, brindled, freckled 

arfwisg -oedd, nf, armour 

arfysgafn, a, light-armed 

arffed -au, nf, lap; forepart 

arffedaid, eidiau, nf, lapful 

arffedog -au, nf, apron 

tarffedog -ion. nc, fosterer; guardian 

tarfledogaeth, nf, fosterage 

arffedogaid, eidiau, nf, apronful 

argae -au, n, embankment, dam 

targan, n, dirge, lament 

targanfod, v, to perceive 

argau, v, to enclose, to shut in 

argeisio, v, to seek (Ps. iv. 2) 

argel -ion, nf, sequestered place, retreat, 
bower; concealment: a, secluded, 
hidden. Argel wely, the grave 
31 



^ ARG 

targeiedd, n, seclusion 

targelu, v, to seclude, to secrete, to 
conceal 

targelwch, n, concealment, seclusion 

aiglawdd, n, embankment, dam 

targledr, n, protector, defender 

targledru, v, to ward, to defend 

targleidr(i)ad, aid, n, protector, bul- 
wark 

targledrydd, n, protector, defender; 
lord, master 

arglwydd -i, n, lord, master. Yr Ar- 
^lwrJd Dduw, the Lord God 

arglwyddaidd, a, lordly 

arglwyddes -au, »i/, lady 

arglwyddiaeth -au, n/, lordship, domin- 
ion 

targlwyddîaeth, n/= arglwyddiaeth 

argiwyddiaethu, targlwyddio, v, to have 
dominion, to govern; to domineer, 
to lord it over 

targlwyddiol, a, lordly 

targlwyddocàu, v, to rule, to govern 

arglwyddol, a, lordly 

targlwyddwialen, h/, sceptre (legal) 

targoed -ydd, «/, shelter of wood 

argoel -ion, «/, sign, token, omen, 
portent, prognostic, augury 

argoell, v, to portend, to betoken, to 
augur, to indicate 

argoeliaeth, nf, sign, token, indication 

argoelio, i;=argoeli 

argoelus, a, ominous, foreboding 

targof -ion, n. remembrance; record 

targoflo, V, to call to mind, to remem- 
ber (i Esd. iii. 22) 

targolli, V, to lose 

targor, n , high circle 

argraff -ion -au, nf, impression; print; 
imprint, stamp; inscription 

argraff dy, dai, n, printing-house, print- 
ing office 

argrafledig, a, impressed, printed 

argrafHad -au, n, impression; edition 

argraíBech,;i/, writing-tablet (Lukei. 63) 

argrafflen -ni, nf, print; map 

argrafllun -iau, n, drawing, print ; dia- 
gram 

argraflol, a, impressive; printing, typo- 
graphical 

argraffu, v, to print; to impress; to in- 
scribe 

argraflwaith, n, typography 

argraflwasg, nj, printing-press 



ARH 
argraffwr, wyr, argraffydd -ion, «, prmter 
argraffyddiaeth, nf, printer's art, typo- 
graphy 
argraffyddol, a, typographical 
argrwm, am, protuberant, convex: /. 

argrom 
argrymedd, n, protuberance, convexity 
targudd, n, cover, concealment 
targuddiad, n, occultation 
fargumennau, up, arguments 
targyfedd -au, n, carousal 
targyfenw, fargyfenwad, n, parono- 
masia, word-play 
fargyflwg, «, exposed, prominent, con- 
spicuous 
fargyfrain, n, feast; obsequies 
targyfreu -on, n, portion, dowry, para- 
phernalia (legal); endowment 
argyfwng, yngau, yngoedd, n, crisis 
targyfiBn -iau, n, abutment; frontier 
targyffred, v, to comprise 
fargyhoeddadwy, a, reprehensible, con 

vincible 
fargyhoeddfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, n, re- 
buke, reproot, censure 
argyhoeddi, v, to reprove, to rebuke, 
to censure; to convince; to convict 
(theol.) 
argyhoeddiad -au, n, conviction 
argyhoeddiadol, a, convincing 
argyhoeddion, np, reproofs (Ps. xxxviii. 

14) 
argyhoeddwr, wyr, n, admonisher 
argyhuddiad -au, n, impeachment 
argyhuddo, v, to impeach 
targyllaeth, n, longing, mourning 
argymell, v, to urge, to recommend 
argymhelliad, elliadau, n, recommenda- 
tion 
targymhennu, v, to debate, to argue 
targynfelyn, a, tipped with yellow or 

gold 
targynnwys, v, to constitute 
targyswr(w), n, fear, terror, dread, 

trepidation 
targysyrio, v, to fear, to dread 
targywedd, n, harm, hurt, injury, detri- 
ment, damage, mischief 
targyweddu, v, to harm, to hurt, to 

injure 
fargyweddus, a, harmful, injurious; 

hurt, injured 
targyweirio, v, to repair 
tarhaeddu, v, to obtain 

32 



ARH 

■farhawl, holion, nt, action at law; 

question, dispute 

arholi, v, to interrogate, to examine 

arholiad -au, n, examination 

arholwr, wyr, >;, examiner 

tarhonnaid, a, famous, renowned 

arhosfa, nf, abode; stay; wait 

arhosiad, n, tarr5ang, staying, stay; 
waiting 

arhosol, a, abiding, lasting, continuing, 
permanent 

Ariad, laid, n, Arian 

Ariaeth, nf, Arianism 

Ariaidd, a, Arian 

Ariaidd, a, Aryan 

tarial, n, vigour, spirit, mettle; wan- 
tonness 

farialus, a, vigorous, wanton 

arian, n, silver: en, silver money, 
money, cash. — bath, bathol, coin, 
current money. — byw, quicksilver, 
mercury. — cochion, copper money. 

— drwg, base coin. — g-wynion, — 
gleision, silver money, white money, 
sih'er. — melynion, gold money. 

— parod, ready money, cash. — rhij, 
cvirrent money, coin. — sychioii, 
hard cash 

tariandag, n, silver quinsy; bribery 

ariandal, n, payment in money 

ariandlws, dlysau, », silver prize or 
medal 

ariandlysog, a, having won prizes or 
medals 

ariandy, dai, n, bank 

tarianfath, n, coin 

ariangar, a, loving money; covetous, 
avaricious 

ariangarwch, n, love of money; avarice 

arianglawdd, n, silver mine 

arianiad, nf, argentation 

arianllais, a, silver-toned 

arianlliw, a, silver-coloured 

tarianllu -oedd, en, mercenary host 

arianllys, n, meadow rue 

arianna, v, to save or get money 

ariannaid, Í7, silver, silvery ; silvered over 

ariannaidd, a, silvery 

ariannog, a, moneyed, wealthy, rich 

ariannol, a, financial, monetary, pecu- 
niary 

ariannu, 7', to silver 

ariannydd, arianyddion, ariannwr, ar- 
ianwyr, n, money-changer; banker 
3 



ARLL. 

Arianr(h)od, nf, the constellation Corona 
Septentrionalis or Northern Crown; 
called also Caer Arianrod; the Milky 
Way 
tariant, n, silver; argent: en, money 
arian waith, n, silver-work 
arien -oedd, n, hoarfrost, rime; dew 
arienog, a, rimed, hoary 
tarith n, guess, conjecture. Yn arith, 

at random, by way of conjecture 
arlais, leisiau, nf, the temple 
arias, a, tipped with blue 
tarlesin, a, clad with verdure 
arliw -iau, n, glazing; varnish, tint, hue 
arliwio, V, to tint, to paint 
■i-arloes, a, empty 

arloesi, arlloesi, v, to empty, to evacu- 
ate, to clear, to prepare the way 
arloeswr, wyr, arloesydd -ion, n, pioneer 
arlog, n, compound interest 
arlun -iau, n, portrait, painting, draw- 
ing, likeness 
arluniaeth, nf, portraiture, delineation, 

painting 
arlunio, v, to draw, to delineate, to 

portray 
arlunydd -ion, wyr, n, artist 
arlwy -au -on, n & nf, preparation, pro- 
vision; feast (2 Kings vi. 23): v 
= arlwyo 
arlwyad, n, provision, spread 
arlwyant, annau, n, preparation of food 
tarlwydd -i, n, lord; master=arglwydd 
tarlwyddes -au, nf, lady; mistress 
arlwyo, v, to prepare, to provide; to cook 
arlwy wi, wyr, n, caterer; cook 
tarlynu, v, to fasten, to attach 
tarlys -oedd, w, supreme court 
tarlywodraeth, nf, supreme govern- 
ment 
arlywydd -ion, n, president 
arlywyddiaeth, nf, presidency 
tarllad, np (-en, nf), consecrated wafers 

(=afrllad); oblation 
arlladlys, en, centaury 
tarllawdd, n, great praise 
farllef -oedd, nf, temple, brow 
tarllen, nf, veil, envelope 
arlliw -iau, n= arliw 
arlloesi, v. See arloesi 
tarlloesty, n, rubbish-house, privy 
tarllofl, V, to handle, to bestow 
farllonnaidd, a, blithe, gay 
+ arllost -au, nf, stock, shaft, butt-end 
33 



ARLL 

jarlludd, n, hindrance, bar, check 
tarlluddio, v, to hinder, to obstruct 
tarllwybr -au, n, path, track, trace, 

mark, vestige 
arllwys, v, to pour out, to empty; to 

clear 
arllwysfa, feydd, n/, outfall, outlet, vent 
arllwysiad -au, n, pouring, outpouring 
tarmau, v, to prophesy 
armel, «, second milk 
tarmell, »/, bracelet 
tarment, n, orpiment 
tarmerth, n, provision; undertaking, 

enterprise; baking: î;=armerthu 
farmerthu, v, to provide, to prepare; 

to bake 
tarmes -au, nf, presage, omen 
Arminaidd, a, Arminian 
Arminiaeth, nf, Arminianism 
Arminydd -ion, n, Arminian 
tarmoni, n, harmony 
arn-, pr, upon, on (used in composition 
only)=ar. Arnaf, arnat, arno, ami, 
ari'.om. urnoch, arnynt. upon me, &c. 
tarnaddynt=arnynt (Neh. ix. i) 
tarnawdd, )!/=^arnodd 
tarneigio, î;=aryneigio 
jarneigus, 7;=aryneigus 
tarnod -au, n, mark, character 
tarnodi, v, to mark, to note; to annotate 
tarnodiad -au, n, annotation 
farnodydd -ion, nf, annotator 
arnodd -au, nf, plough-beam 
tarnoethi, v, to denude, to expose 
farnun, ad, in one; all together 
taro, v-imp, wait, stop 
arobryn, n, desert, merit, prize 
tarodawr, n, orator 
tarodraeth, nf, aration, ploughing, 

tillage 
arofun, v, to intend, to purpose, to de- 
sign; to seek; to put off, to delay: 
-ion, n, intent, design, purpose 
arogl -au, n, scent, smell, odour, incense 

(new sing, from following) 
aroglau, pi. arogleuau, n= arogl (dial. 

V'iogia) 
aroglber, arogleuher, a, fragrant, aro- 
matic 
arogldarth -au, n, incense 
arogldarthu, a, to bum incense 
arogledd, n, fragrance, odour 
jarogleufawr, a, odorous, fragrant 
arogli, arogleuo, v, to scent; to smell 



ARTH 

arogliad, n, smelling, sense of smell 
aroglus, a, odorous, fragrant 
arolwg, ygon, «, view, survey 
arolygiaeth, nf, superintendency 
arolygu, v, to survey; to superintend 
arolygwr, wyr, arolygydd -ion, n, sur- 
veyor; overseer; inspector, superin- 
tendent 
tarorair, eiriau, n, adverb 
aros, V, to wait, to await, to stay, to 
stop, to remain, to tarry, to abide; 
to bear, to endure. The s may be 
dropped except in verb-noun : e.g., 
arhoaf, arhoi, ery, &c. 
faros, ad, almost, scarcely 
tarosod, n, assault, blow 
arosod, v, to lay, to impose 
arosodiad, n, imposition 
tarpar. farparu, v, to prepare 
tarsang -au, n, treading; oppression; 

charm 
tarsangu, v, to tread upon ; to press, to 

stamp 
tarsain, seiniau, «/, peal 
arsawdd, soddion, n, square root 
arseinio, v, to resound, to ring, to peal 
arsill -au, nf, particle 
arswyd -au -ion, n, dread, terror, horror; 

shock 
arswydfa-oedd, nf, place of terrors; hell 
arswydo, v, to dread, to fear, to be 

afraid; to shudder; to shrink 
arswydol, a=arswydus 
arswydus, a, fearlul, terrible, dreadful; 

afraid (Judges vii. 3) 
arsyllfa. feydd, nf, observatory 
arsy Iliad -au, n, observation 
arsyllydd -ion, n, observer 
artaith, teithiau, nf, torture, torment, 

pang 
arteithfa -oedd, feydd, nf, place of torture 

or torment ; torture chamber 
arteithglwyd -au -i, nf, rack 
arteithio, v, to torture, to rack 
arteithiol, a. torturing, tormenting, rack- 
ing, excruciating 
arteithiwr, wyr, arteithydd -ion, n, tor- 
turer, tormentor 
tartref -i, m= cartref 
arth, eirth, farthod, nf, bear 
arthaidd, a, bear-like 
arthal, v, to growl 

arthan, nc, bear's cub. Aiban arthan, 
winter solstice 

34 



ARTH 



ARW 



arthen, nf, a young she-bear 
arthes -au, nf, a she-bear 
arthio, v. to bark, to growl 
arthog, a, bearish, gruff 
arthu, V, to bark, to gr-owl 
arthwydden, nf, barberry, berberry 
aru. V, to plough, to till (false infinitive) 
aruchedd, n, upper part, top, surface 
aruchel, a. high, lofty, sublime 
arucheledd, n, loftiness, sublimity 
taruthder, n, horror, terror, dread 
aruthr, a, marvellous, wonderful; pro- 
digious; strange; dire: -oedd, nr, won- 
der, marvel; terror 
aruthredd, n, amazement; horror, terror, 

dread; enormity 
|aruthro, v, to wonder, to marvel; to 

terrify 
aruthrol, a, wonderful, marvellous, 
huge, prodigious, awful, terrible, 
terrific, horrible 
tarwaesaf, n, warrant, warranty, guar- 
antee, security; surety. Arwaesaf 
cyfnewid, bill of exchange 
tarwaesogaeth, n, warranty, security 
tarwaesu, v, to warrant, to certify 
arwain, v, to conduct, to lead, to guide; 
to carryf, to bearf, to weart (John 
xix. 5) 
tarwar, a, placid, gentle, mild 
tarwar, u, inspiration 
arwe -oedd, nf, texture; woof 
arwedd -au -ion, nf, bearing, carriage; 

deportment; aspect 
tarweddawdr, odron, n, bearer 
arwedd(u), v, to bear; to wield; to 

lead 
arweddwr, wyr, n, bearer: /. arwedd- 

wraig 
farweiddus, a, comely 
tarwëydd, n, leader 

arweiniad, n, conducting, leading, guid- 
ance; introduction 
tarweiniad, iaid, n, leader, guide, con- 
ductor 
arweiniol, a, leading, conducting; in- 
troductory, preliminary 
arweiniwr, wyr, arweinydd -ion, n, 
guide, leader, conductor. Arweinydd 
arfau, armour-bearer (i Chron. x. 4) 
arweinyddiaeth, nf, leadership 
tarwen -au, nf, smile, simper 
tarwenu, v, to simper 
arwerthiant, iannau, n, auction 



arwerthu, v, to sell by auction 
arwerthwr, wyr, arwerthydd -ion, n, 

auctioneer 

tarwest, tarwestr -i, nf, loop; sling; 
strap, band, belt; string; hence, min- 
strelsy, music. Cerdd arwest, Can 
arwest, a musical song, as distin- 
guished from Cerdd dafod, a poetic 
song 

tarwestddyn -ion, ;;, minstrel 

arwireb -au -ion, n, maxim, axiom 

arwisgiad -au, n, investiture 

arwisgo, V, to dress, to enrobe, to array, 
to invest (a person) 

arwr, wyr, u, hero 

arwraidd, a, hemic, epic 

arwres -au, nf, heroine 

arwrgerdd -i, nf, epic poem 

arwriaeth, tarwredd, tarwryd, n, hero- 
ism, bravery, gallantry 

arwrol, a, heroic, gallant 

tarwrwas, n, hero 

tarwy, a, directing 

arwydd -ion,» & ;;/, sign, signal, symbol; 
ensiiin, banner 

arwyddair, eiriau, n, motto 

arwyddfardd, feirdd, n, heraldic bard 

arwyddfarddoniaeth, nf, heraldry 

arwyddfarddonol, a, heraldic 

tarwyddhau, t^=arwyddo 

arwyddlun -iau, n, emblem, symbol 

arwyddluniaeth, nf, symbolism 

arwyddlunio, v, to symbolize 

arwyddluniol, a, emblematic, symbolical 

arwyddnod -au, n, mark, token 

arwyddo, v, to signify, to imply; to 
sign; to symbolize 

arwyddocâd, n, signification, significance 

arwyddocaol, a, significant 

arwyddocàu, v, to signify, to denote 

arwyddol, a, implying; symbolic, em- 
blematic 

arwyl -ion, arwyliant, iannau, nf, 
funeral rites, obsequies 

arwylo, v, to mourn over the dead 
(Gen. 1. 3) 

tarwylo, t'=arlwyo 

farwymp, a, supremely fair 

tarwy n, a, exceedingly white; fair; 
happy, blessed 

arwyneb -au, arwynebedd, n, surface, 
superficies 

arwynebol, a, superficial 

arwynebolrwydd, «, superficiality 
35 



ARW 

farwynoi, a, passionate 
jarwynt -oedd, n, scent, savour 
tarwyntian, tarwyntio, v, to scent; to 

snifi 
tarwynwedd, nf, a fierce aspect 
tarwyrain, r, to rise, to ascend; to exalt; 
to praise, to extol : «/, hymn of praise ; 
panegyric 
tarwyran, a, rising 
tarwyriaith, «/, eulogy 
arwystl -on, n, test; pledge 
arwystleiriaeth, nj, pawning, mortgaging 
arwystlo, v, to mortgage, to pledge 
arwystloriaeth, nf, pawning, mortgaging 
tarymsawdd, soddion, n, adjunct 
taryn(n)aig, », terror, dread, fear 
faryneigio, v, to frighten, to fear, to 

dread, to abhor 
taryneigus, a, timorous, fearful; stu- 
pendous 
arysgrifen, griiau, w/, inscription, super- 
scription, epigraph (Luke xxiii. 38) 
arysgrifeniadaeth, «/, epigraphy 
fas -au, nf, ace; atom, particle, trace 
as -au, ais, nf, rib, lath 
fas, an affirmative particle=ys 
fasafar, efyr, nf, buckler, shield 
tasafeiriad, iaid, n, shield-bearer 
asbri, n, animation, vivacity, spirits 
asbrîol, a, animated, vivacious, spirited 
asen, ais, asennau, nf, rib. Asen frân, 

sparerib of pork 
asen -nod, nf, she-ass: m asyn -nod 
taserch, n, hate, hatred 
taserw, a, bright, shining, glittering 
aseth, esyth, nf, spar, shaft; javelin; 

stake; broach; lath; spoke 
taseu, pi- asywion, a, left, left-handed 

=^aswy 
fasgafaeth, n, prey; game 
tasgafaethu, v, to prey; to depredate 
•fasgai, geion, ;;/, cleaver 
AÌ' asgell, es gyjl , nf, wing, tin; aisle. — 

E^ŷjíJi/^. arian,' — fraith, chaffinch; — anr, 
goldfinch 

tasgellhaid, heidiau, nf, a winged 
swarm; an autunm swarm of bees 
(legal) 
asgellog, a, winged, having wings 
tasgellu, I', to wing; to fly 
asgell waith, n, flank-work, flanker 
tasgellwrych, n, sprinkling, splashing; 

sputtering; fluttering 
tasgellwynt -oedd, n, side-wind 



ASU_ 

asgen, nf, harm, damage, mischief 

asgenol, a, miscliievous 

asgethr -au, nf, splinter 

asgethrog, a, splintered, spiked; carved 

asgethru, u=ysgythru 

asglod -ion, np (-yn, n), chips 

asglodi, asglodioni, v, to chip, to cut 
chips 

asglofl, a, limping, halting, lame 

tasgre -on, nf, heart; bosom; con- 
science. 'Asgre Ian, diogel ei pherchen ' 

asgwrn.esgyrn, n, bone. Asgwrn eliffant, 
Asgwrn ihorfil, ivory 

asgyrnaidd, a, bony, osseous 

asgyrneiddio, v, to become bone, to 
ossify 

asgyrniad, n, ossification 

asgyrnig, asgyrnog, a, bony, large- 
boned, full of bone 

asgyrnu, v, to ossify 

tasgyrnygu, i;= ysgyrnygu 

asiad -au, n, joining, joint 

asiedydd -ion, n, joiner 

asio, V, to join, to weld; to solder; to 
cement 

asp -iaid, nf, asp 

+aspygan, nf, daisy 

Assyriad, iaid, n, Assyrian 

Assyriaidd, a, Assyrian 

tastalch, estylch, nf, shield, buckler 

astell, estyll -od, nf, plank, board; 
shingle 

astellu, V, to plank, to board 

astronomydd -ion, n, astronomer 

astronomyddiaeth, nf, astronomy 

astronomyddoi, a, astronomical 

tastrus, a, perplexed, perplexing, puz- 
zling, difficult, abstruse; sinister 

tastrusi, n, perplexity, difficulty, trouble 

astud, «, attentive, studious, diligent, 
meditative, intent 

astudfa -oedd, feydd, nf, a study 

astudiaeth, nf, study, meditation 

astudio, V, to study, to cogitate 

astudiol, a, studious 

astudiwr, wyr, n, student 

astudrwydd, n, attentiveness, studious- 
ness, attention, intentness 

astudwaith, n, study, pursuit 

astudydd -ion, n, student 

astyllen, nf, plank, board=estyllen 

astyllenlys -iau, n, astyüennes, nf, rib- 
wort plantain 

tasur, n, blue sky; azure: a, azure, blue 
36 



oJrU^ M^ôy^^ 



_ASU 

asurfaen, n, lapis lazuli 

tasw, a. left: n, the left^aswy 

taswellt, n, pasture, ^rass land 

aswy, a, left, sinister: n, the left 

taswyn -ion, n, invocation; blessing. 

benediction 
taswyn, n, absence; essoin (legal) 
taswyno, v, to invoke; to entreat; to 

b.'ess; to adjure 
taswyno, v, to absent; to excuse 

absence 
taswyno, v, to form by magic 
taswynwr, wyr, n, absentee 
asyn -nod, tesyi, n, he-ass: /. asen -nod 
asynnaidd, a, asinine 
asynnan, asynnyn, n, dim. of asyn 
at, pr, to; towards; as far as; for; at; 
by. Ataf, ataf, ato, ati, atom, -r/orh, 
atynt, to me, &c. 
at-, px, back, again, re-. In some words, 
retaining; its meaning as a preposition, 
it signifies 'to '; as atynnu, to draw to, 
to attract. (The t coalesces with 
another /, and is not repeated) 
atafael, n, distraint, seizure 
atafaeliad, h, confiscation, distraint 
atafaelu, v, to seize, to distrain, to con- 
fiscate 
tatai, teion, n, vagabond 
tataith, :if, return journey 
atal, V, to stop, to prevent, to hinder, 

to check, to detain, to withhold 
atal -ion -ladau, n, stop, hindrance. 
Aial dywedyd, impedhnent of speech, 
stammering. Mae atal arno, he 
stammers 
atalbwyswr, wyr, n, checkweigher (S.W.) 
atalfa -oedd, feydd, nf, impediment, hin- 
drance, obstruction, obstacle, check; 
stop, stoppage 
ataliad -au, w, stoppage 
tataiiaetH, nf, impediment, check 
tataliaith, h/, aposiopesis; stammer 
ataliol, a, preventive 
atalnod -au, nf, stop, point 
atalnodi, v, to point, to punctuate 
atalnodiad, n, atalnodiaeth, nf, punctua- 
tion 
tatalu, V, to repay, to requite = ad- 

dalu 
tatardd, n, regermination 
tatarddu, v, to regerminate 
tatarw, teirw, n, gelded bull 
tatawd, todion, n, affix, suffix 



ATG_ 

atbor -ion, w, herbage, leavings 

atddodi, v, to append 

atddodiad -au, n, apposition ; appendix 

ateb, V, to answer, to reply, to respond; 
to stand, to weather; to suit. Carreg 
ateb, echo 

ateb -ion, n, answer, reply, response 

atebiad, n, answer, reply, response 

atebol, a, responsible, answerable; in- 
ured, acclimatized; capable 

ateg -ion, nf, prop, stay, support 

ategiad, n, support, confirmation, cor- 
roboration 

ategol, a, supporting, confirmatory, 
corroborative 

ategu, V, to stay, to uphold, to prop, 
to support, to confirm, to corroborate 

atgam, a, recurvous 

tatgan -au, nf, episode 

atganfyddiad, n, apperception 

atgas, a, hateful, odious, disagreeable; 
perverse 

atgasedd, n, liatred, odium 

atgasrwydd, n, hatefulness, odiousness 

tatgasu, V, to hate, to loathe 

atgeiniad, laid, n, a chanter 

atgeisio, V. to seek again 

atgemi, n, recurvation 

atgenedledig, a regenerated 

atgenhedliad, n, regeneration 

atgenhedlu, v, to regenerate 

atglaf, a, relapsed to sickness 

atglafychu, v, to relapse 

tatgiudo, Ü. to imp<irt 

tatgludiad, >i, importatioi; 

tatgludion, up, impi>rts 

atglymu, v, to tie again 

atgno -au, n, second chewing, cud, 
Atgiio cydivyhod, remorse 

atgnofa, feydd, nf, rechewing; remorse 

atgnoi, V, to chew the cud, to ruminate 

atgof -ion, n, remembrance, remini- 
scence, memory 

atgofio, V, to recollect, to remember; to 
remind 

atgoffa, atgoffau, v, to recall, to remind 

fatgor -au, etgyr, n, team 

jatgor, V, to return : n, return 

tatgori, V, to return; to prepare th« 
team 

atgrychyn -nau, n, semiquaver 

atgryfhau, v, to reinvigorate 

atgrymu, v, to incurve, to bend in 

atgrynhoi, v, to collect again 
37 



íLfe- 



ATG 

ätgwymp, n, fall back, relapse 
algwympo, v, to relapse, to fall back 
atgydio, v, to rejoin, to reunite 
atgyfannu, ;;, to reintegrate 
atgyfnerthion, np, reinforcements 
atgyfnerthu, v, to support, to refresh, 

to reinforce 
atgyfodi, v, to rise again ; to raise ; to 

revive 
atgyiodiad, n, resurrection 
atgynhyrchiad -au, n, reproduction 
atgynhyrchu, v, to reproduce 
atgynnull, v, to reassemble 
atgyweiriad -au, n, repair, restoration 
atgyweirio, v, to refit, to repair, to 

mend, to restore 
atgyweiriwr, wyr, «, repairer, mender, 

restorer 
tatlibin, n. See adlibin 
tatod, V, to put together. Datod ac 

atod, to unfix and refix 
atodi, V, to append; to add; to affix, to 

suffix 
atodiad -au, n, appendix, supplement, 

addition 
atodiaeth, n/, addition (arith.) 
atodlen -ni, w/, supplement; schedule 
tatoedd, ad, perhaps, peradventure, 

otherwise 
atolwg, atolygu, v, to entreat, to be- 
seech. Aiolws. is also used ellipti- 

cally for I (or we) pray thee (or you) 
tatoralw, v. See adoralw 
atosodiad, n, apposition 
tatrais, treisiau, n, reprisal. Llythyrau 

atrais, letters of reprisal 
atrefnu, v, to arrange anew 
atreg -au, «, delay, stop; demur; re- 

tumt, restorationt ; remorsef, re- 

pentancef. Heb atreg, forthwith, 

instantly (Isa. xxx. 13) ^,j 

tatreg, v, to give back; to stop 
"!air?gwch, w, repentance, remorse 
tatreiglo, v, to roll, to revolve 
atwf, tyfion, n, second growth (Isa. 

xxxvii. 30) ; excrescence 
tatwrnai, «, attorney 
tatwyn, v, to bring back 
tatychwel, v, to return again 
tatychwel -ion, n, falhng back 
atyfiant, «, regermination 
tatyfog, a, growing again, excrescent 
atyfu, V, to grow again 
atynfa, feydd, nf, attraction 



ATH 

atyniad -au, n, attraction 

atyniadol, atynnol, a, attractive 

atynnu, v, to draw to, to attract; to 
withdraw 

tatywyn n, reflection 

tathaw a, very silent or still 

tathech, a, skulking, lurking 

tathechu v, to avoid, to flee from 

tathlach, n wretch 

tathoedd, v, he had gone 

tathoeddwn, v, I had gone 

jathoeddynt, v, they had gone 

athraw -on, n. See athro 

fathrawaeth -au, «/= athrawiaeth 
athrawaidd, a, apt to teach (i Tim. 
iii. 2) 

athrawes -au, n/, teacher, governess 

athrawiaeth -au, >;/, instruction; doc- 
trine, dogma 

athrawiaethol, a, doctrinal 

athrawiaethu, v, to teach, to instruct, 
to indoctrinate 

athrawol, a. Ysgol athrawol, normal 
school 

tathrawu, v, to teach, to instruct 

athrawus, a, apt to teach (2 Tim. 
ii. 24) 

tathref -i, nf, domain, mansion, home- 
stead 

tathrefig, a, domestic, homely 

tathreiddio, fathreiddu, v, to penetrate 

athrist, a, very sad, pensive, sorrowful 

athro, athrawon, n, teacher, in- 
structor, tutor, master; professor 

athrod -ion, n, calumny, slander, libel 

athrodgar, a, slanderous 

athrodl, v, to calumniate, to defame, 
to slander, to libel 

athrodiaeth, nf, defamation 

athrodus, a, libellous 

athrodwr, wyr, n, libeller, slanderer, 
tale-bearer (Lev. xix. 16) 

athrofa -cedd, feydd, fâu. w/, college, 
academy 

athrofaol, a. academic, academical 

athrotäwr, fawyr, n, academician 

tathronddysg, nf, philosopliy 

athroniaeth, nf, philosophy 

fathronol, a=athronyddol 

athronydd -ion, wyr, n, philosopher 

athronyddo!, a, philosophical 

athronyddu, v, to philosophize 

tathrugar, a, pitiful, merciful; huge, 
vast 

38 



ATH 
tathrwm, a. very heavy, ponderous 
tathrwydd, a, very fluent. Aihrwydd 

a'l'en. flowing muse 
athryl.th, nf, intuition; genius, talent; 

fancy; invention, ingenuity 
athrylithgar, a, having genius; intuitive, 

infienions, talente 1 
fathrywyllt, a, furious 
tathrywyn, v, to intervene, to arbitrate, 

to ' part ' (Prov. x\'iii. i8) 
tathrywyn, ;i, wliat comes between; in- 
tervention, arbitration, reconciliation 
tathrywyndeb, n, mediation 
tathrywynwr, wyr, n, intervener, 
mediator; reconciler (2 Sam. xiv. 6) 
tathwll, a, in holes, ragged 
tau, euon, n, the liver=afu 
tauad, n, liver- disease, rot (in sheep) 
taul, H, dung, manure 
tauon, ))/, halfpenny; scruple 
aur, n, gold; gilt. Aur coeth, refined 
gold. Aur mil, coined gold, gold 
coin. Yfnylon aur, gilt edges 
awch, n, edge, sharpness, keenness; 

ardour, zest; relish, appetite, gusto 
tawch, pn, your=eich 
awchlym, am, sharp-edged; sharp, keen, 

acute : /. awchlem 
awchlymder, >i, sharpness, keenness; 

zest 
awchlymu, awchu, i', to sharpen, to 

whet, to edge 
awchus, a, sharp, keen; eager; greedy, 

avid 
awdl, odlau, awdlau, nf, ode; rhyme; 
(pi. a .•dlau) Welsh poem in cynghan- 
edd and in several metres 
tawdlef, nf, song, poesy 
tawdloedd, n, minstrelsy 
awdur -iaid -on, n, author 
awduraidd, a, classic; authoritative 
awdurdod -au, n, authority 
awdurdodedig, a, authorized 
awdurdodi, r, to authorize 
awdurdodol, a, anthoritati\e, impera- 
tive 
awdures -au, ;;/, autlioress 
awdurfraint, freintiau, nf, copyright 
awduriaeth, nf, authorship 
tawdurol, a, authoritative, classical 
awdwr, wyr, awduron, n, author 
taweddw(f)r, n, fresh or rimnipg water 
awel -on, nf, gale, breeze, wind 
awelan, nf, gale, breeze 



AWY 



awelog, a, breezy, windy 

fawell -au, nf, conduit, pipe, duct 

awen -au, nf, genius; fancy; taste; the 

muse 
awen -au, nf, rein of a bridle; man- 

diblet 
awenes -au, nf, muse 
tawengerdd -i, nf, poem 
awenog, a, having the muse; poetic 
aweno!, a, poetical 
tawenu, v. to smile; to simper 
awenydd -ion, n, poet, genius 
fawenydd -au, h/, muse; imagination, 

invention, fancy; genius 
awenyddes -au, nf, poetess; rause 
awenyddiaeth, nf, poetry, poesy 
awenyddol, a, poetical 
awenyddu, v, to poetize 
awff, n, oaf, lubber. Yn awff, strange, 
extraordinary. Yn awff am, passion- 
ately fond of 
awgrym -au -iadau, n, symbolf, char- 

actert; sign; hint; suggestion 
awgrymiad -au, n, suggesting, sug- 
gestion 
awgrymiadol, a, suggestive 
awgrymu, i', to hint, to suggest 
■fawi, i, oh ! 

taw!, n, worship, prayer, praise 
tawmael, n, enamel 

awr, oriau, nf, hour. Yn awr, yr awr 
hon, now. Yn aivr fach, just now. 
Awr ac orig, continually, always 
tawr, oriau, nf, prayer, orison 
tawr, n=aur 
tawran, tawron=awf lion, now, always 

preceded by yr 
tawrddwl, a=afrddwl 
tawrfedd, nf, the space of an hour 
tawrfynag, n, horologe 
awrgylch -au, n, horary circle 
awrlais, ieisiau, n, clock, horologe 
awrleisiaeth, nf, horology 
awrleisydd -ion, n, clockmaker 
awrofydd -ion, n, horologist 
awrofyddiaeth, nf, horology 
awroniaeth, nf, horology 
awrwydr -au, n, hour-glass 
tawsen, nf, absence 
Awst, II, the month of August 
awydd, n, desire, eagerness, avidity 
awyddfryd, n, zeal, vehement desire 

(2 Cor. vii. 11). 
awyddu, v, to desire, to covet 
39 



AW Y 

awyddus, a, desirous, wishful, eager, 
anxious; zealous 

tawyn, n, rein of a liridle 

awyr, iif, air; the air, the sky. Pren 
awyr, mistletoe 

tawyraidd, a, aerial, airy 

tawyrbwysai, eion, awyrbwysydd -ion. 
It, barometer 

awyrbwysiaelh, nt, aerostatics 

awyrddysg, awyreg, «/, aerolnu\ 

awyren -nau -ni, nf, balloon 

awyrennwr, enwyr, n, balloonist, aero- 
naut 

awyrfaen, feini, n, aerolite, nieteorir 
stone 

awyrfeidr -au, n, aerometer 

awyrfeidraeth, nf, aerometry 

awyrgoel -ion, nf, acromancy 

awyrgylch -au -oedd, n, atmosphere 

awyrjad, n, ventilation 

awyrlong -au, «/, airsliip 

awyro, v, to air; to ventilate 

awyrog, a, pneumatic; airy 

awyrogaeth, nf, pneumatics 

awyrol, a, aerial, airy 

awyrolaeth, nf, pneumatics 

awyru, v, to air; to ventilate 

awyrydd -ion, n, aerologist; aeronaut 

awyryddiaeth, nf, aerology; aerography 



tba, pn-int, what=pa 

baban -od, n, babe, baby. (E. 'baby' 
assimilated to W. maban) 

babandod, n, babyhood, infancy 

babi, iod, n, baby; puppetf 

bablaidd, a, liabyish 

Babilonaidd, Babilonig, a, Babylonian 

Babiloniad, iaid, n, Babylonian 

bacas, bacsen, pi. bacsau, bacsiau, nf, 
footless stoclving 

bacio, V, to back 

baco, n, tobacco 

tbacon, np, berries 

bacwn, n, baron; a hogf 

bach, a, little, small, minute; a term 
of endearment, commiseration, or en- 
treaty. Bach y nyth, the ' last or 
youngest of a hatch, brood, or litter. 
Gynneii fach, just now 

bach ail, n, hook, hinge 

tbach, nf, nook, corner, angle. Fiach 



BAG 

walbant, space at junction of wall 

with roof, when not filled with 

masonry 
bachdro -ion, n, sharp turn 
bachdrofa, fâu, feydd, nf, labyrinth 
bachdroi, i;, to turn sharply 
bacheil -au, nf, nook, corner; snare 
bachellu,î', to grapple; to hook; to snare 
tbaches -au, nf, little darling 
bachgen, bechgyn, n, boy, (male) child. 

Yr Hen Fachs.en, Old Nick 
bachgendod, n, boyhood 
bachgennaidd, a, boyish, childish 
bachgennes, «/, girl (Joel iii. 3) 
bachgennyn, pi. bechgynnos, n, little 

boy 
bachigyn, n, little bit. Ychydig bach- 

igyn, a little while (Heb. x. 37) 
fbachler -iaid, n, bachelor 
bachog, a, hooked, crooked ; barbed ; 

arrestive, incisive 
bachu, V, to hook, to liitch, to grapple; 

to crook; to lurk 
bachwr, wyr, n, hooker, grappler 
tbad, nf, plague, pestilence 
bad -au, n, boat, sliip's boat 
badwr, wyr, n boatman 
badd -au, n, bath; bathing-place 
tbaddeg -au, uf. buckle 
baddon -au, h, bath; bathing-place 
bae -au, n, bay 

fbaeart, n, bayard, a kind of horse 
tbaedys, up, Vjadges 
baedd -od, tbaidd, ;i, boar. Baedd coed, 

wild boar 
baeddgig, n, boar's flesh, brawn 
tbaeddredog, a, going after the boar 
baeddu, v, to beat, to strike, to thump, 

to buffet, to maul, to pound; to soil 
tbaeli, >i= belli 
tbaeliaeth, n/=beilîaeth 
tbaeol -au, n, pail, pot 
fbaesg, n, the rim of a wheel; circle 
tbaesned -au, nf, basinet, basnet 
tbaewydd, np (-en, nf), bay, bay-trees 
bag -iau, n, bag 
bagad -au, n, cluster, bunch; pendant; 

troop, nniltiti'de; flock; a lot, a 

number, many 
bagadog, a, clustered; having pendants 
bagadu, v, to cluster, to .üroiip 
bagedyn. n, small pendant 
bagell -au, nf, nook; snare 



40 



BAG 

bagiad, eidiau, «, bagful 
bagl -au, nf, crook; crutch ; staff, crosier; 
foot. Ffon tagl (pi. ffyn baglati), 
crutch 
baglan, nf, crook; hook 
baglog, rt, having a crook; crutched; 

crosiered; footed 
tbaglog, a, clouted (Jos. ix. 5) 
baglor -laid -ion, n, bachelor 
bagloriaeth, nf, bachelorship 
baglu, V. to entangle, to ensnare, to 

trip 
tbagwy -on, n, ring; cluster, bunch 
tbagwyog, a, ringed, clustered 
bai, beiau, n, fault; vice; defect; mis- 
take, error; blame. Et fat, his fault. 
Ar fai, in fault, to blame, blame- 
worthy. Yr oedd bai arno, he was to 
blame. Beiau'r wasg, printers' er- 
rors 
bai, t)=byddai 

baich, beichiau. n, burden, load 
tbainc, beinciau, nf, bench 
tbais, nf', flats, shallows 
tbâl, baloedd, nf. prominence; peak. 

Eiry y fäl, the snow of the peak 
tbâl, n, bundle; bud. Bál o lin, a ball 

or bundle of flax 
bai, a, having a white mark, spot, or 
streak on the forehead. Ceffyl bai, 
(f. caseg fal), a horse with a white 
blaze in his forehead 
bai, a. Bwci bai, bogey, bugaboo 
tbala -on, n, the efflux of a river from 
a lake. (Survives only in proper 
names) 
tbalaen. n, (Milan) steel; steel blade 
tbalalwyf, en (-en, nf), palm-trees 
tbalannu, v, to sprout 
tbalant, n, sproutmg 
tbalasar, n, azure 

bale -iau, n, balk; break in a furrow 
balcjo, V, to balk, to break furrows 
balciog, a, full of balks 
balch, a, proud; superb; towering. Yrt 

falch, glad, proud 
tbalchàu, î;=balchîo 
balchder, tbalchedd, n, pride, pomp 
balchdra, n, joy, gladness 
balcbio, V, to grow proud; to pride 
baldar, n, the herb satyrion 
tbaldog, a, short stout person 
baldordd, n, babble, prattle, chatter, 
balderdash 



BAN 

baldorddi, v, to babble, to tattle, to 

chatter 
baldorddus, a, chattering, babbling, 

loquacious 
tbalddu, a, black-visaged 
baled -i, nf, ballad 
baledwr, wyr, n, ballad-monger 
ball, n, blaze in horse's forehead 
balm, n, balm 
balmaidd, a, balmy 
balrawydd, np (-en, nf), balsam 
tbalog, n, priest 
balog, nf, pinnacle; tongue of a buckle, 

flap, valve 
balwg, en, tufts of flax 
tbalwydd, np (-en, nf), palm-trees 
fbalwyf, en (-en, nf), palm-trees 
tball -au, nf, plague, pestilence 
tballasarn, n, azure 
tballasg -au, n, shell, husk, porcupine 
tballaweg -au, nf, weir -net 
tballeg -au, nf, bow-net; purse 
tballegrwyd -au, nf, bow-net, drag 

(Hab. i. 15) 
tballog -ion, n, hedgehog, urchin 
tbâm, n, balm 

ban -nau, n & nf, prominence; peak; 
highland; part; branch; strain; horn; 
chapter. — hydd, stag's horn. — 
pennill, division of a stanza. Bannau 
Bryrheiniog, Brcconshire Beacons. 
Bannau ŷydd, articles of belief. Ped- 
war ban {-fPedair fan) y byd, the four 
quarters of the world, the four car- 
dinal points 
tban, a, lofty, high; loud 
banadi, banad, banal, np (banhadlen, nf), 
broom Bamdl pigog, butcher's 
broom. Banadi aur, dyer's broom, 
dyer's greenweed 
banc -iau, n, bank 
banc, bencydd, n, bank, mound ; hill; 

upland; eminence, height 
tbancaw -iau, n, top, tie, tuft 
tbancawio, v, to tie or whip round the 

top; tu tie or bind about 
bancio, i', to bank 
banciwr, wyr, n, banker 
tbancr -au, n, basket; fender, guard 
band -iau, n, band, bondf 
bantr -au -i, ni, banner, flag, ensign. 

banerau, colours 
baneiog, a, with banners, bannered 
banerwr, wyr, n, standard-bearer; ensign 
41 




BAN 

banffagi -au, «/, bonfire, blaze 

banlTaglu, v, to light a bonfire ; to blaze 

tbangaw, a, prompt, fluent; skilful 

tbangeibr -au, tif, minster 

tbangor -au, nt, upper row of rods in 
a wattle fence; coping; defence; col- 
lege ; (a proper name) 

tbangoren, nf, wattling-rod, coping 

banhadlen, pi. banadl, n, broom 

banhadlog, a, fuil of broom 

banhadlos, np, sweet-broom, dyer's 
broom 

tbaniar, ieri, nf, banner, flag, ensign 

banllawr, lloriau, n, platform 

banllef -au, nt, loud shout: a, loud 
voiced 

banllefain, v, to shout, to cry out 

tbannas, banasau, n, mat 

bannod -au, n & nf, clause; article; name 
given by some grammarians to the 
adjective y or yr 

bannog, a, prominent, conspicuous, 
notable; homed; spotted. Nod ban- 
nog, article= bannod. Ychen bannog, 
the mythological oxen of Hu Gadam : 
also called Ychen mannog 

bannog, banogion, nf, article= bannod 

bannyn, banynnau, «, particle 

banon, nf, queen (poet.) 

tbanw -od, beinw, n, young pig, barrow 
pig 

tbanwel -ion, n, sky; zenith 

tbanwes -od, nf, sow, barrow sow, the 
fish gilt-head 

fbâr, n, anger, indignation, wrath, ire, 
fury; greed, rapacity; affliction, 
trouble 

tbar, n, top, summit; tuft, bunch 

bar -rau, n, bar, bolt, rail; bar (in a 
court of justice); bar or sandbank 

bara, n, l;)read. — can, — gwyn, — peill- 
iaid, wheaten bread. — amyd, — bar- 
lys, — haidd, barley bread. — cri, — 
crai, — croyiv, unleavened bread. — 
offeren, sacramental bread. — plane, 
griddle cake, plank bread. — • can y 
defaid, sea plantain. — can y gog, 
wood-sorrel. — can a llaeth, greater 
stitchwort. — y cythraul, devil's bit 
scabious 

tbaran, n, passion, anger 

tbaranres, m/, wrath, anger, ire, rage, fury 

barbaraidd, a, barbarous, barbarian, 
barbaric 



BAR 

barbareidd-dra, n, barbarity 
barbareiddio, v, to barbarize 
barbariad, iaid, n, barbarian 
barbariaeth, nf, barbarism 
barbwr, wyr, n, barber 
barcer -iaid, ;;, tanner (.\ct. ix. 43) 
barclod -iau, n. apron 
barclodaid, eidiau, n, apronful 
barcut -iaid, barcutan -od, n, kite 
tbardys, np, (-en, ni], shrimps=betdys 
bardd, pi. beirdd, beirddion, fberddyddon, 

n, bard, poet 
barddas, nf, bardism; bardic lore 
barddes -au, nf, female bard, poetess 
tbarddgwcwU, gycyllau, n, bard's cowl 
barddol, a, bardic, poetic I 

barddoneg, nf, poetry, poesy; poetics I 
barddoni, v, to compose poetry I 

barddoniaeth, ni, poetry, poesy; verse | 
barddonîaeth, n/=barddoniaetli ;■ 

tbarddoniaidd, a, bardic, poetic 
barddonol, a, poetic, poetical 
barf -au, nf, beard; whiskers. — y afr, 
goat's-beard. — y bwch, meadow- 
sweet. — y gŵr hen, traveller's joy. 
Barfau y derw, tree lichen or moss 
tbarfle -oedd, n, crest of a helmet 
tbarflen -ni, nf, a kind of veil hanging 

from a shield 
barfog, a, bearded: n, the finfish; the 

wood-chat 
barfogyn, n, barbel 
barfrwyn, np, (-en, nt), sea-rushes 
barfu, V, to beard 
barfwr, wyr, n, barber 
bargeinio, bargenna, v, to bargain 
bargen -ion, einion, >if, bargain, con- 
tract 
bargod -ion t-iain,^ jut; skirt; eaves. '1^ 
tbargodiaid, tbargodion, fbargodiain w^ 
borderers, marchers, -flihyfel bargod, 
border war 
bargodi, i\ to overhang 
bargyfreithiwr, wyr, n, barrister 
bariaeth, nf, viciousness; greed, rapacity 
baril -au, n & nf, barrel, cask 
barilaid, eidiau, nf, barrelful 
barilan, n/, small barrel; anker; keg 
barilo, v, to barrel 
bario, v, to bar, to bolt 
tbarlad, tbarlat, n, mallard, drake 
tbarlin, n, superior lineage or ex- 
traction 
barlys, n & en, barley 

42 



-^ ^iludeJ- c^ CA^-Do/J^í' J^<^ 'wfí^-ŵe'' (^^h) 



BAR 

barlysa, f, to gather or collect barley; 
to go about begging tor barley 

barlysen, nf, barlysyn, n, barleycorn 

barn -au, nf, judgment; discretion; 
. opinion; sentence 

barnais, ni, varnish 

fbarnaswin, fbarneiswin, ;;, ' vernage ' 
wine 

barnedigaeth -au, ;//, judgment 

barneisio, v, to varnish 

tbarneiswin, n. See barnaswin 

•fbarnodydd, n, judge 

barnol, a, judging, judicial 

barnu, v, to judge, to adjudge, to ad- 
judicate; to decide, to determine; to 
opine, to deem, to consider; to con- 
demn 

barnwr, wyr, fbarnydd -ion, n, judge 

barnwriaeth, nf, judgeship; judgmentf 

fbarrog, barogion, nf, spur 

barrug, n, hoar-frost, rime 

tbarth, n, ground floor, floor, ground 

barthlys, n, pellitory of the wall 

barugo, v, to cast hoar-frost 

barugog, a, frosted with hoar-frost 

barus, a, vicious, mischievous; greedy, 
gluttonous; apt to stray from own 
field (of animal) 

barwn -laid, n, baron 

barwnes -au, nf, baroness 

barwniaeth au, nf, baronage, barony 

barwnig -iaid, n, baronet 

bas, beisiau, n, shallow, shoal 

bas, beision, a, shallow, low, flat 

bas, a & n, bass 

tbas -au, «, base 

fbas -au, nf, swoon, faintness ; death 

tbasarn, n, mazer, gublet 

tbasg -au, baisg, nf, mesh 

basged -i -au, nf, basket. Basged 
cleddyf, the guard of a sword 

basgedaid, eldlau, nf, basketful 

basgedwr, wyr, n, basket-maker 

basgerfiad au, n, bas-relief 

tbasil, tbaslart, n, baslard, baselard, 
d;igger 

basle -oedd, n, shallow place, shoal 

basn -au, n, basin 

bastard -iaid,n, bastard; illegitimate cliild 

bastardes -au, nf, female bastard 

bastardiaeth, nf, bastardy 

bastardd, h = bastard 

basterdyn, n, dim. of bastard (Deut. 
xxiii. 2) 



__ _ _ BE 

tbastwn, M, baton, cudgel (pastwn) 
baswr, wyr, n, bass singer, bass 
tbatelu, V, to battle, to fight 
bating, n, paring and burning peat or 
turf. I.losgi bating, to burn turf; 
also bietin 
batingen, batingod, nf, pared turf; sheaf 

of corn threshed 
batingo, batio, v, to pare and burn peat 

or turt; to hoe; tu thresh 
batl, teloedd, nf, battle 
batog -au, nf, mattock (matog) 
bath -au, «, kmd, sort, like; stamp; like- 
ness; emblem; copy; coin. Arian 
bath, — balhol, coined money; coin, 
current money 
bath, a, such 
bath, n, bath 
bathdy, dal, n, mint 
fbathell -au, nf, small coin 
tbathgod -au, nf, money-bag, purse 
bathio, V, to bath, to bathe, to fo- 
ment 
bathodyn, odau, n, medal; coin 
bathofydd -ion, n, numismatist 
bathofyddiaeth, nf, numismatics 
bathofyddol, a, numismatic 
bathol, a, coining; coined 
bathor -ion, «, dormouse 
bathu, V, Xu coin 
tbau, beuon, n, hoof 
baw, n, dirt, mire, dung, filth. Baw 

mu'ci, burdock 
bawa, V, to drop dirt or dung 
bawaeh, np. mean dirty wretches 
tbawai, eion, nc, dirty vile wretch 
bawaidd, a, dirty, vile; sordid, mean 
bawd, bodiau, nf, thumb. Baud troed, 
the ureat toe, big toe. Bawd y mel- 
inydd, the fish miller's thumb. Bawd 
car, piece under a drag 
bawdfedi, v, to hand-reap 
bawdfys, bodfys -edd, n, the tluimb 
bawdle, n, thumb-stall 
bawdy, dai, n, closet, privy 
fbawdd, n, drowning; inundation. Ar 

faicdd, on the point of drowning 
bawddyn, -ion, n, dirty or mean fellow 
fbawedi, n, nastiness 
baweidd-dra, n, meanness, baseness 
bawlyd, a, dirty, filthy, miry, nasty 
bawyn -nach, ", dirty wretch 
fbe, c, mutation of pe, if 
be, /')!=beth pa beth, what (fam.) 
43 



BEC 

fbecah, nf, beka, bekah (Ex. xxxviii. 
26) (Heb.) 

becsio, V, to worry, to fret (coUoq.) 

becwn, n. See betgwn 

bechan, af, little, small: m. bychan 

bechan, nf, little temale 

tbechanigen, n/, tiny reinale 

bechgynnach, up. voungsters 

bechgynnos, »/>, httle boyb 

bechyn, n, small hook 

fbed, tbehed, fbehit, pr, to, as far as 

tbedlem -od, fbedlemydd -ion, n, vaga- 
bond, stroller 

bedw, up (-en, nf), birch : nf, birch 
grove. Llwyn bedw, birch grove. 
^Cae bedw, birchen wreath 

bedwen f-ni. bedw, nt, birch-tree. Bed- 
wen chwerw, hemp agrimony 

tbed wer w -i,n/,an acre covered with birch 

tbedwlwyn -i, nf, birch grove 

bedydd, n, baptism. Enw bedydd. 
Christian name. Tad bedydd, god- 
father. Mam fedydd, godmother. 
Bedydd esgob, confirmation. Cred a 
bedydd, Christianity; Christendom 

bedyddfa, fâu. feydd, nf, baptistry 

bedyddfaen, feini, fain, n, bedyddfan 
-nau, n & nf, font 

bedyddiad -au, n, baptizing; baptism 

bedyddiedig, a, baptized 

bedyddio, v, to baptize, to christen 

bedyddiol, a, baptismal ; baptized 

Bedyddiwr, wyr, n. Baptist 

bedydd-lestr -i, n, font 

Bedyddwraig, nf, Baptist 

tbedysawd, tbedysiawd, nf, the baptized, 
Christendom; the world, the universe: 
whence bydysawd 

bedd -au t-i, ", grave, sepulchre, tomb 

beddadail, eiliau, eiladau, nf, sepulchre, 
monument 

beddargrafl -ion -iadau, n, epitaph 

beddfaen, feini, >i, tombstone 

beddgell -oedd, nf, vault 

tbeddgor -au, n, tomb 

tbeddlech -au -i, nf, gravestone 

tbeddlith -iau, n, epitaph 

beddrod -au, «, tomb, sepulchre 

begegyr -on, n, drone, hornet 

beger -iaid, n, beggar 

begeraidd, a, beggarly, indigent 

begeres -au, nf, beggar woman 

begeriaeth, nf, beggary, beggarliness, 
mendicancy 



BEI 

begio, begian, v, to beg 

behemoth, n, behemoth, hippopotamus. 

(Job xl. 15) 
Beibl -au, n, Bible 
Beiblaidd, a, Bible, biblical 
beiehiad, n, lowing, bellowing 
beichio, V, to load, to burden; to bawl; 

to low or bellow (as cattle); to sob 
beichiog, a, burdenedf; pregnant 
beichiogi, V, to conceive; to get with 

child: H. conception 
beichus, a, burdensome, oppressive 
beidiog, nf, an evergreen. — goch, — - 
rudd, amphibious persicaria. — las, 
ground ivy. — hvyd, mugwort, 
heart's-ease 
beidr, nf, lane 
beiddgar, a, bold, daring, audacious, 

presumptuous 
beiddgarweh, n, boldness, daring, au- 
dacity, presumptuousness, presump- 
tion 
beiddio, v, to dare, to presume 
fbeiddiog, a, bold, daring 
tbeili, iau, n, bailey of a castle; i;ourt- 

yard; mound 
beili, iaid, n, bailiff 
tbeilîaeth, nf, authority, jurisdiction 
beio, V. to blame, to censure 
beiri, ion, n, kite (bird) 
beirniad, iaid, n, judge; adjudicator; 

critic 
beirniadaeth -au, nf, criticism; adjudi- 
cation 
beirniadol, n, critical 
beirniadu, v. to judge; to adjnd'cate; 

to criticize 
tbeis, nf>, shallows, shoals. Myned ar 

feis, to ford, to wade 
beisfa -oadd, îe^dd, beisfan -nau, nf, 

shallow place; shallow, shoal 
beisfor -oedd, u, shallow sea; shallow 
beisgawn, gonau, nf, stack, mow 
belsgawni, v, to stack corn 
beislo, V, to wade, to ford; to grow 

shallow 
beisle -oedd, n, shallow place, shoa! 
beisleog, a, having shallow places 
beiston -nau, nf, sea-shore, beach; 

surf 
beistonnell, nf, plantain shoreweed 
betus. a, faulty, blamable, reprehensible, 

culpable, defective; amiss 
beiusrwydd, n, blaraableness, culpability 
44 



'^ ^i^ -U|u.0,OeJW 



5EI 



BER 



beiwr, wyr, n, blamer, censurer 

+bêl, tbeli, n, tumult; havoc, war 

bela, n, henbane 

bela, bele -od, n — beleu 

beleu, pl. belawon, tbalawon, n, tbe 
marten. — • y coed, wood marten. 
— y graig, rock marten 

tbelu, V, to fight 

beüach, ad, further; at length; now 

ben -ni. nf, wain, waggon, cart 

tbendigaid, a, blessed. Cymun Ben- 
digaid, Holy Communion. Dwfr 
bendigaid, holy water. Y fendigaid, 
erysipelas 

bendigedig, a, blessed 

bendigedigrwydd, n, blessedness 

bendigeidlys, n, common avens 

tbendigo, v, to bless 

bendith -ion f-iau, nf, blessing, benedic- 
tion. Beiidith eu mamau, fairies 

bendithfawr, a, of great blessing; full of 
blessings; conferring blessings 

bendithio, v. to bless 

bendithiol, a, conferring blessings 

bendithiwr, wyr, n, blesser (Gen. xii. 3) 

bened, ;;, herb bennet 

tbenedig, a, blessed 

tbenffyg, &c. {beneficium) . See benthyg 

benthyca, benthycio, v, to borrow; to 
lend 

benthyciwr, wyr, n, borrower, lender 

benthyg, n, loan; what is lent or bor- 
rowed. Rhoi benthyg, to lend. Edrych 
yn llygad ceffyl benthyg, to look a gift 
horse in the mouth 

tbenthygio, z^= benthycio 

tbenwig, nf. a young sow 

benyw -od -aid, nf, female, woman 

benywaidd, !i, feminine; effeminate 

benywen, nf, little female 

benywetach, np, a contemptuous di- 
minutive from benyw 

benywol, a, feminine, female 

1" benyw oty, tai, n, harem, seraglio 

tbêr, berau, beri, n & nf, lance, pike; 
spit 

tber, berrau, nf, shank, leg, shaft 

ber, af, short, brief: m byr 

bera -on, n & nf, pyramid, stack 

tberai, eion, n, turnspit, jack 

fberan, nf, little spit; broach 

berasgell -od, esgyll, nf, the penguin 

berdas, berdys, np, shrimps 

tberdroell -au, nf, jack-wheel 



berdys, np {-yn, n, -en, «/), shrimps 

berem, n, barm, yeast (S.W.) 

berf -au, nf, verb 

berfa, fâu, feydd, yif, barrow 

beriaen, berfain, nf, vervain; wall-cress 

berfâid, eidiau, nf, barrowful 

tberfain, a, slender-shanked 

beriol, 1, verbal, berfolion, verbal nouns 

tbergam, a, bow-legged 

beri, ion, bery -on, n. kite (bird) 

tberiau, ieuau, nf, short yoke 

fberil, n, beryl 

tberllysg -au, h/= byrllysg 

fberm, tberman, n, barm 

tbermanaid, a, fermented 

fbermanu, v, to ferment ; to froth, to foam 

tbernagl, n, vernicle 

bernais, eisiau, nf, varnish 

tberroes, nf, short life: a, shortlived 

tberth, a, fair, fine, beautiful; rich : n, 
excellence 

tberthedd, n, beauty, elegance, splen- 
dour; riches, wealth 

fberthid -au, n, ornament; jewel ; 
riches, wealth 

fberthog, a, endowed; rich, wealthy 

fberthogi, v, to endow 

tberthrwydd, n, beauty 

fberthwr, wyr, n, fine man 

tberthyll, a, enriched; elegant 

fberu, V, to ooze, to drop, to drip 

berw -on, n, boiling, seething, ebulli- 
tion; foam, spume; hubbub, turmoil, 
tumult, excitement, ferment. Codi 
berw, to bring to the boil 

berw, berwr, berwy, en, cress. Berw'r 
dwfr, water - cress. — V fagwyr, 
wall-cress. —V fam, flixweed. — 
Ffrengig, — V ardd, garden cress. 
— V gamf, winter cress. — V iâr, 
knot-grass. — V mock, swine-cress. 
— Taliesin, orpine, livelong 

berwad -au, n, boiling, decoction 

berwedig, a, boiling 

berwedydd -ion, m, boiler 

berwedd-dy, dal, n, brewery 

berweddu, v, to brew 

berwi, v, to boil, to seethe; to bubble; 
to effervesce 

tberwias, n. seething 

berwr, berwy, en. See berw 

fberwyn, n, infusion, decoction 

beryn, n, candytuft 

beryryn, n, annual cress rocket 
45 



BER 

tberysgrilen, nt, stenosraphy, brachy- 

graphy 
beryw, berywydd, en, juniper=meryw 
fbesawnt, n, bezant 
tbet, nf, hatred, grudge. Dal bet, to 

bear ill will; to be angry, ^'^d oes 

dim Olid y fet rhyngddynt, there is no 

love lost between them 
bet -iau, w, bet 
betain, n, betony 
betgwn, n, bedgown 
beting, M= bating 
betio, V, to bet 
betws, tysau, n, secluded or sheltered 

spot; subordinate church or religious 

house; chapel, oratory. It forms the 

names of several churches in the 

Principality. fryn i fetws, from hill 

to dale. Y byd a'r betws, the world 

and the church. (Old spelling, bettws) 
betys, en {-en, nf), beet 
beth, pn, what, what ? (mutation of 

peih, for pa beth) 
bethma, a & n, what - d' you- call -it 

(coUoq ) 
beudag -au, nf, the larynx 
tbeudail, n, cow-dung 
beudy, dai, tdyau, n, cow-house, ship- 

pon, byre 
•f-beugilydd, a<i=bwygilydd 
tbeunoeth, ,(á=beunos 
beunos, ad, nightly, every night (peunos) 
beunydd, ad, daily, every day, always, 

ever (peunydd) 
beunyddio!, a, daily, quotidian 
tbi. V, will be, there shall be=bydd 
Bibl -au, ji = Beibl 
tbicar, eriaid, n, vicar 
bicra, bicre, v, to fight, to skirmish, to 

bicker 
bicws-mali, n. See picws 
bid, V iììip=hyAáeá, boed. JHd sicr, to 

be sure 
bid -au iau, n, quickset hedge 
tbidan, nf, twig : n, sorry fellow 
bidio, V, to set a hedge 
bidog -au, nf & n, obelus, dagger; 

bayonet 
bidogan, nf, bidogyn, m, stiletto; poniard 
bidogi, V, to stab, to bayonet 
bidoglys, bidawglys, «, water lobelia 
bidog wr, wyr, n, bayoneteer; cut-throat 
tbidwoseb, n, attendance. March bid- 

woseb, a horse in attendance (legal) 



BLA 

bieting, n= bating 

biff, n, beef 

tbigloddio, V, to low, to bellow 

bing -au, n, the alley in a cow-house 

bihafio, V, to behave 

bil -iau, n, bill 

tbilain, einiaid, n, tenant in villainage; 
villain, villein 

bildio, V, to build 

fbileindref -i, nf, farm held in villainage, 
or by servile tenure 

tbileinilu, en, mob, rabble, villeins 

bilwg, ygau, n, billhook 

bir, n, beer 

bisced(en), biscedi, nf, biscuit 

biswail, n, dung or droppings ot cattle; 
dung ; stale. Cleddyf biswail, the 
milt. Maer y biswail, land bailiff 
(legal) 

bisweilio, V, to drop dung; to stale 

tbiswn, n, byssus, fine linen 

tbitail, tbitel, n, victuals 

bitan, bitain, biton, n, betony 

tbitelu, V, to victual 

tbiw, np, kine, cattle 

biwlith, n, cow-wheat 

blaen -au -ion, n, point; extremity, 
ei;d; top, tip; front; van; priority, 
precedence, best, chief, choice, pick 
of; edge. Blaeniaid, leaders. Blaen- 
iaid ac oliaid, leaders and followers; 
van and rear. Blaenau, extremities; 
the borders of a country; the fur- 
thest and more mountainous parts 
of a country. Blaenau Lloegr, the 
borders or frontiers of England ; 
the marches. Blaenau afonydd, upper 
reaches of lAers. Blaenion, the best, 
chief, or principal part, BlaenioH 
llaetk, thf- first milk (in mMking). 
Blaenion eu nertk. the chief of their 
strength. Blaen cleddvf the pomt 
of a sword. Blaen ac ôl, first and 
last; fore and aft; before and after. 
Yn y blaen, forward, on. Ymlaen, 
before, in front ; in the presence off ; 
forward, on, onward. Yn ôl ac 
ymlaen, backwards and forwards. 
Ymlaen Haw, beforehand, in advance. 
Ac felly ymlaen, Ac felly yn y blaen, 
and so forth, &c. Rhagblaen, forth- 
with, off-hand. Dos rhag dy flaen, go 
straight forward. flaen, before; in 
the presence of. O'r blaen, formerly, 
46 



B1,A 

previously. Y nos oV hlaen, the pre- 
vious night. Achub y blaen, to fore- 
stall. Blaen cad, advance guard, van- 
guard (2 Mace. xii. 22). Blaen Ueuad, 
the new moon. Blaen yr iwrcli, per- 
ennial mercury. Blaen y conyn ar y 
mêl, common agrimony. Blaen y 
gwayw, lesser spearwort 
blaen, a, fore, foremost, first; front; 
leading. Ceffyl blaen, front horse, 
leader. Blaenaf, first, foremost 
blaenbrawf, brofion, m, foretaste 
fblaenbren -nau, n, happy lot or chance; 
good luck or fortune; first choice; 
prize, treat 
blaenbrofl, v, to foretaste, to anticipate 
blaendal -iadau, n, payment in ad- 
vance, prepayment 
blaendarddu, v, to sprout, to bud, to 

shoot 
blaendocio, v, to beard wool 
blaendorri, v, to cut the end; to lop 
•fbiaendrwch, drychion, n, apha^resis 
blaenddod, blaenddodiad -au, ;/, prefix 
blaenddodi, v, to prefix 
tblaeneudir, >?, upland, hill country 
biaentain, a, sharp-pointed 
blaenflrwyth -au, n, first -fruit (s) 
blaengad, nf, van of an army 
blaengar, a, forward, pushing, am- 
bitious 
blaengarwch, n, forwardness, ambition 
tblaengis -ion, n, first blow or assault 
blaengnait. gneifion, n, bearding of wool 
blaengnwd, gnydau, «, first crop 
blaengroen, grwyn, n, foreskin, prepuce 
blaeniad, laid, n, foremost man 
blaenio, v, to lead, to precede; to point, 

to sharpen; to milk the first milk 
blaenion, np. See blaen 
blaenllaw, a, beforehand; forward; pro- 
minent 
blaenllym, a, sharp-pointed, sharp, keen 
blaenllymu, v, to sharpen, to whet 
blaenor -laid, n, leader, chief; elder, 

deacon 
blaenori, v, to precede; to lead 
blaenoriaeth, «/, preference; precedence 
blaenorol, a, antecedent, previous 
fblaenorwr, wyr, n, one that precedes, 

leader 
tblaenrhed -ion, n, the foremost; pre- 
cursor, forerunner 
blaenrhes -au -i, ;;/, first or front rank 



BLE 

blaenu, v, to point; to outrun, to out- 
strip ; to go before, to precede 
fblaenwedd -au, nf, height, summit, 

top, point 
tblaenwel -ion, n, the furthest sight; 

liorizon 
blaenwelediad, n, foresight, prescience, 

prevision 
blagur, lip & en, sprouts, buds; young 

sprigs or shoots 
blaguro, v, to sprout, to bud; to flourish 
biaguryn, n, sprout, bud, shoot 
blaidd, bleiddiaid, bleiddiau, n, wolf 
bias -au, n, taste, savour, flavour, 

relish 
tblasäu, V, to taste 
blasio, V, to taste; to relish 
blaslyn -nau -noedd, n, sauce 
blasu, V, to taste ; to relish ; to flavour 
blasus, a, tasty, savoury, palatable, 

delicious 
blasusfwyd, n, ' savoury meat ' (Gen. 

xxvii. 4) 
blasuso, V, to give a relish; to season, to 

flavour 
tblawd, n & en, bloom, blossom, flowers 
blawd, blodion, n, meal, flour. Blawd 

llif, sawdust 
tblawdd, n, head, leader, chief 
tblawmon, n=blowmon 
tblawr, a, grey, hoary, hoar 
tblawr, n, nitre; salts; grey colour; 

hoar, rime 
tblawrgoeh, a & n, russet 
jblawrio, v, to generate nitre; to be- 
come hoary 
tblawrwyn, a, grey, hoary 
blawta, V, to beg meal 
ble, ad, where ? [pa ie) 
tbie -on, n, plain, open field 
jbleddychfa, nf, countenance, visage 
bieiddast, eist, bleiddiast, leist, nf, wulf- 

bitch 
bleidd-dag, n, wolfbane 
bleidd-drem, n, small bugloss 
bleiddgi, gwn, n, wolf-dog 
bleiddian, iain, n, young wolf; wolf 
tbleiddiar, ;i, wolf 
bleiddig, a, like a wolf 
tbleiddychfa, »/, countenance, visage 
bleiddyn, n, wolf's cub 
bleind -iau, n, (window) blind 
bier, a, untidy, slovenly (from aflêr) 
blerwch, ;! = aflerwch 

47 



BLE 



ijifr' ^^^ ^ ŵl íIäW (jîíC^f i^Avwt^^ w' 



tblerwm, n, sloven; hum on lip pro- 
duced by finger 
blew, np (-yn, «), hairs: hair; fur; 
small bones of fish. Bleit' pen, the 
hair of the head=gwallt 
blewach, n=blewiach 
blewcyn, n, hairy little fellow : / blewcen 
blewgeirch, en, bristle-pointed oats 
blewiach, np, thin or straggling hairs; 
d.nvn 

blewmon, « = blowmon 

blewog, a, hairy; shaggy. Siani flewog, 
hairy caterpillar 

blewog, nf, great mullein 

blewyn, n, a hair; blade of grass; 
straw 

blewynna, v, to browse; to loaf 

blewynnog, nf, mouse-ear hawkweed 

tbliant, n, fine linen, cambric, lawn 

tblif -iau, n, catapult 

blingo, V, to flay, to skin, to excoriate 

blin, a, tired, weary; tiresome, weari- 
some, toilsome, arduous, grievous ; 
evil; troubled, troublous, troublesome; 
miserable; peevish, irritable. Blin 
gennyf, I regret 

blinder -au, n, weariness, fatigue ; 
trouble, affliction, adversity, misery 

blinderog, blinderus, a, fatigued, tired, 
weary; tiresome; troublesome, pain- 
ful; troublous, troubled 

blinedig, a, tired, fatigued, weary; 
miserable, wretched; grievous, dire 

blinfyd, n, tribulation, affliction, adver- 
sity 

blino, I', to trouble, to vex; to tire, 
to weary, to be fatigued 

bith -ion, ;;, milk: a, milch. Gwartheg 
biithion, Da blithinn, milch cows 

blith-draphlith, ad, helter-skelter 

blithog, a, giving milk, milcli 

bliw, bliwlys, bliwyn, «, spurge-ohve 

tblochas, nj, box=^blwch 

tblochda, n, wiiey cheese, curd 

biodau, nt^ (blodeuyn, blodyn, n), 
flowers. — V brenin, peony. — V 
Iran, meadow lychnis. — cennin y 
brain, bluebells. — V gog, cuckoo 
flower. — V gwynt, anemone. — 
Mihangel, Calathian violet. — 'r 
Pcisg, pasque flower. — ymenyn, 
butter-cups. Yr oedd yn ei flodau, he 
flourished 

blodeua, v, to gather flowers 



BLW 

blodeugerdd -i, nf, anthology 

blodeuglwm, n, bunch, nosegay, bouquet 

blodeuo, V, to flower, to flourish, to 
bloom 

blodeuog, a, flowery, blooming ; flourish- 
ing, floriferous 

blodeuol, a, flowering, floral 

blodeuwr, wyr, blodeuydd -ion n, florist 

blodeuyn, n, flower. See biodau 

blodfresych, np (-en, nf). cauliflowers 

blodio, V, to make meal 

blodiog, a, farinaceous, floury, mealy 

blodion, np, flowers, flowerets 

blcdionyn, os, n, floweret, floret 

blodiwr, wyr, «, meal-man 

blodwraig, wragedd, nf, meal-woman 

blodyn, biodau, n, flower, floweret 

bloddest -au, nf, rejoicing, applause, 
acclamation (2 Sam. vi. 15) 

bloedd -iau -iadau nf, shout, outcry 

bloeddfawr, a, vociferous, shouting, 
noisy, loud 

bloeddgar, a, noisy, clamorous (Ecclus. 
xxvi. 27) 

bloeddian, v, to keep sliouting or bawling 

bloeddio, i;, to shout, to vociferate 

bloeddiwr, wyr, n, shouter 

bloesg, a, lisping; faltering; not speak- 
ing plain; indistinct, inarticulate, 
thick 

bloesgedd, bloesgni, n, lisping 

bloesgi. V, to lisp, to falter 

bloesgwr, bloesgyn, wyr, n, lisper 

tblong, a, fem. of fblwng 

bloneg, n, lard, grease, fat. Bloneg y 
derw. oak-leather. Bloneg y ddaear, 
red-berried briony 

blonegen, nf, leaf or layer of fat. See 
iro 

blonegog, a, lardy, greasy, fat 

bloiai, n, nitrogen 

blorig, a, nitric 

tblota, V, to collect or beg meal 

tblotai, eion, nc, meal-beggar 

jbloteiaeth, nf, mealing, meal-begging 

blotio, V, to blot 

blotiog, a, blotted, spotted 

bloty, tai, n, meal-house 

blotyn, pi. blotiau, n, blot 

tbloth -ion, nf, blast, puff 

tblothach, nc, fat person 

fblowraon -iaid, n, blackamoor, negro 

tbiowmones, nf, negress 

blwcb, blychau, n, box 

48 



BLW 

tblwng, blyngau, n, frown, scowl; anger, 

vexation; am, frowning, surly, sullen; 

angry; sad, dismal; sorry: / fblong 
blwydd, «/, year of age 
biwyddau, blwyddi, np, wrongly for 

blynyddoedd 
blwyddiad, laid, n, yearling; annual 

flower, &c. 
blwyddiadur -on, n, annual; year-book, 

almanac 
blwyddol, a, annual, yearly 
blwyddyn f-edd, blynyddoedd, n/, year. 

Blwyddyn naid, leap year, bissextile 
tblwynyddedd, np, years 
blychaid, eidiau, n, boxful 
blychyn, n, little box 
tblydd, a, sappy; soft, tender (a bungle 

for older esblŷdd) 
tblyngawd, a, angered 
tblyngder, n, ruffled temper, anger 
tblynghau, tbiyngu, v, to grow angry 

or surly; to anger; to ruffle; to frown; 

to be sad 
blynedd, np-f, years (after numerals 

only) 
blynyddau, np, false for blynyddoedd 
blynyddoedd, np (blwyddyn, nf), years 
blynyddol, a, annual, yearly 
blys -iau, n, longing, craving, lust 
blysig, a, greedy, voluptuous, lustful 
biysigrwydd, n, greediness, voluptuous- 
ness 
blysio, V, to long, to crave, to lust 
blysiog, a, longing, avid 
bo, V subj, be 
bo, i, bo 

bo, n, bugbear, scarecrow 
tbo, particle, mutation of po 
boba, nf, aunt (applied to old woman) 
boes -us, n, box 
bocsach, n, vaunt, boast, brag 
bocsachu, v, to vaunt, to boast, to brag 
bocsachus, a, boastful 
bocys, bocs, n & en, box (the tree) 
boch -au, yif, cheek; chap, chop 
boehdew, a, fat-cheeked 
bochgern -au, nf, cheek 
bochgernaid, nf, chopful 
bochgoch, a, rosy-cheeked 
bochio, V, to munch ; to gobble ; to 

bulge 
bochlaes, a, flabby-cheeked 
bochlwyd, a, pale-cheeked 
bochog, a, full-cheeked 
4 



BOG 



bod, V, to be, to exist. Gvbyr fy mod yn 
dyfod, he knows I am coming 

bod -au, n, being, existence 

bod, nf, abode, dwelling, residence 

tbod, a, for bob. Bod yg nn, fBod ag 
un, each and all (lit. 'each and one') 

bod -ion, boda -od, n & nf, kite : buzz- 
ard. Boda Iwyd, buzzard. Boda 
dinwen, hen-harrier. Boda gwerni, 
marsh-harrier 

bodaeth, nf, being, existence (Wesleyan) 

bodfys -edd, n, the thumb 

bodio, V, to thumb, to finger 

bodlon, boddlon, a, content, contented; 
willing 

tbodlongar, fboddlongar, a, pleasing ; 
pleased, content 

bodloni, boddloni, v, to satisfy, to please, 
to content, to be content 

bodlonrwydd, boddlonrwydd, n, content- 
edness, contentment, satisfaction 

bodo, nt, ' auntie ' 

bodolaeth, nf, existence 

bodoli, V, to exist 

bodd, n, pleasure; will, good will, con- 
sent. Rhyn^u bodd, to please. fVrth 
ei /odd, contented, happy 

bodda -od, n, the redshank— troedgoch 

boddfa, fâu, nf, a flood (as boddfa o 
ddagrau) 

boddgar, a, pleasing 

boddhad, m, pleasure, satisfaction 

boddhaol, i, pleasing, satisfactory 

boddhau, v, to please, to satisfy 

boddhaus, a, pleased 

boddi, V, to drown; to be drowned; to 
flood, to inundate 

boddiad, n, drowning 

boddiant, n, pleasure, satisfaction 

boddio, V, to please, to satisfy; to be 
pleased 

tboddiog, a, well pleased 

boddlon, etc. See bodlon 

boddro, boddran, v, to bother (colloq.) 

fboddus, a, pleasing, agreeable 

boed, V îwŷ=bydded 

bogail, eiliau, n (N.W.), nf (S.W.), 
navel; nave (of a wheel); boss (of 
shield). — y Forwyn, — Gwener, 
common navelwort 

t bogail, geiliaid, nf, vowel 

tbogal -laid, nf, vowel 

tbogalog, a, vowelled, consisting of 
vowels, vocalic 

49 



BOO 
bogeilgen, n, urabilicated liverwort 
bogeil-lys, n, navelwort 
bogel, n & n/=bogail 
boglwm, glymau, boglyn -nau, n, boss, 

knob, stud; cluster; bubble 
boglynnon, en, eryngo. — arfor, sea 

eryngo, sea-holly 
boglynnu, v, to emboss; to bubble 
tboglynwaith, n, embossment 
bôl, H, bowl 

bol, bola, pi. boliau, n, beUy, paunch, 
abdomen; stomach; bag; (fig.) bosom, 
middle, midst. Bol clawdd, hedge- 
side 
bolaid, eidiau, n, bellyful 
tbolch, bylchau, nf, gap; notch 
fbolch, a, gapped notched, broken 
bolchwydd, n, swelling of the belly; 

pregnancy; swaggering 
boichwyddo, v, to swell the belly 
boidyn, j, tight-bellied, full-bellied 
bolera, v, to gorge, to guzzle; to sponge 
bolerwr, wyr, n, sponge, parasite 
tbolgan -au, nf, budget, pouch 
bolgi, gwn, n, gourmand, glutton 
tbolglwm, glymau, «, boss; tuft; bubble 
bolgodogion, np, marsupials, marsupialia 
bolheulo, V, to bask in the sun 
bolio, V, to bellv, to bulge, to gorge 
boliog, a, big-bellied 
tboioch, n, disquiet, uproar, tumult 
bolol -ion, M, bugbear, goblin 
bolrwth, a, gluttonous, greedy 
bolrwym, a, costive, constipated 
bolrwymo, v, to make costive, to con- 
stipate 
bolrwyrayn -au, n, belly-band 
bolrythi, n, greediness 
bolrythu, v, to gormandize, to gorge 
fbolsachus, a. boastful 
bolwag, a, empty-bellied 
bolwst, n/, bowel complaint; colic 
fboly, M, belly, paunch, bag=bol, bola 
tbolysothach, n, mixed language, jargon 
bollt -au, byllt, nf, bolt, dart, spar 
bolltaid, eifliau, nf, bolt, bundle (Jos. 

ii 6) 
bom, M, balm 

ton, bonau, bonion, n, bottom; stem, 
base; stump, stock; root. Ych bôn, 
hindmost ox in a team. Bon y glêr, 
the lowest class of minstrel 
bonfcren -ni, k, harntss-stretcher 
boncath -od -au, n, buzzard 



BOR 

bonrlust -iau, n, box on the ear, buffet 

bonclustio, V, to box the ear, to buflet 

boncyff -ion -iau, n, stump, trunk, stock 

bondew, a, thick at the base or root; 
thick-legged 

bondid -au, nf, chain attaching swingle- 
trees to plough, plough-chain 

bondigrybwyll, ad, forsooth, save the 
mark ! {iia bo ond ei grybwyll ! ) 

bondo, en, eaves, first thatch 

bonedd, n, descent, stock, nobleness of 
birth, lineage, pedigree; nobility; 
originf, sourcef: en, gentry; nobility 

boneddigaidd, a, noble; gentle; poUte, 
gentlemanly 

boneddigeiddrwydd, n, nobleness, gentle- 
manliness, politeness, courtesy ; gen- 
tility, nobility 

boneddiges -au, nj, lady 

tboneddigrwydd, n= boneddigeiddrwydd 

boneddwr, n= bonheddwr 

bonet -i, nf, bonnet 

bonfras, a, thick-legged; clumsy 

tbonffagl, t'v:c.=banfragl, &c. 

bongam, a, bandy-legged 

bongamu, v, to waddle 

bonglerwch, n^bwnglerwch 

tbonglymu, v, to bubble, to gurgle; to 
gargle 

bonheddig, a, noble; gentle, gentle- 
manly; proud. Gẃr bonheddig, gen- 
tleman. Gwraig fonheddig, lady. Mab 
bonheddig, young gentleman. Merch 
fonheddig, young lady; lady, bon- 
eddigion, gentlemen; gentry 

bonheddwr, wyr, n, gentleman 

tboniad, iaid, n, hindmost ox in a team 

bonllef, «/=banllef 

bonllefain, D=banllefain 

bonllefwr, n, shouter, bawler 

fbonllost, nf, tail; penis 

bonllwm, a, mean, sorry 

bonsyg -au, nf, plough-cliain 

bontin, n, breech, crupper; breeching 

bontinog, a, big-bottomed 

tbonwm, n, stump, stock 

bonyn -nau, «, stump, stock, stem 

bopa, nf, ' auntie ' 

borau, boreu. See bore 

bord -ydd -au, nf, table, board (Ps. 
xxiii. 5). Y Ford Gron, The Round 
Table 

bordor, n, border 

bore -au, boreuau, n, morning: a, early 
SO 



BOR 

tboregad, nf, morning battle 
tboregwaith, n. See boreugwaith 
boreu, n. See bore 
tboreol, a. See boreuol 
boreubryd -au, n, breakfast 
boreuddydd, tboreddydd -iau, n, day- 
spring, break of day, morning 
boreuf wyd, fborefwyd -ydd, n, breakfast 
boreugwaith, tboregwaith, n, morning 

time; a certain morning 
boreuo, v, to become morning, to be- 
come day, to dawn 
boreuol, fboreol, a, dawning, morning, 

early 
tbors, «/, rupture, hernia (' burst ') 
tbos, n, palm of the hand 
bost -iau, n, boast, bragging, vaunt 
bostio, V, to boast, to brag, to vaunt 
bostio, V, to burst (colloq.) 
bostiwr, wyr, n, boaster 
tbostwn, n=bystwn 
botas(en), pi. botasau, nf, buskin; boot, 

greave 
botaswr, wyr, u, bootmaker 
botwm, ymau, n, boss; button 
botymog, a, bossed; buttoned 
botymu, v, to button 
both -au, nf, nave of a wheel; boss; 

bottlet 
fbothon, n, cub, whelp 
bowlen -ni, bowliau, nf, bowl 
brae, a, loose; frank, tree, open; 

boastful 
braety, tai, n, malt-house, brewery 
brad -au, n & nf, treachery, treason; 

perfidy; plot 
bradfwriadu, v, to plot, to conspire 
bradgyfarfod, n, ague continuing but 

one day; ephemera 
bradlofrudd -ion, n, assassin 
bradlofruddiaeth -au, nf, assassination 
bradlofruddio, v, to assassinate 
bradog, a, treacherous 
bradu, v, to betray; to commit treason; 

to plot 
bradu, v, to waste (S.W.) 
tbradw, a, mouldering, fretting away 
bradwr, wyr, n, traitor, betrayer 
bradwraidd, a, traitorous, treacherous 
bradwriaeth -au, nf & n, treason, 

treachery 
bradwrus, a, traitorous, treacherous, 

perfidious 
tbradwy -on, n, fracture; blemish 



BRA 

tbradwyo, v, to crumble; to decay; to 

fret, to corrode 
bradychu, v, to betray 
bradyehus, a, betraying, treacherous 
bradychwr, wyr, n, betrayer, traitor 
tbradyniaeth, nf, extravagance, waste 
tbradynus, a, wasteful, extravagant 
braen -ion, n, rot, corruption 
braen, a, rotten, corrupt 
braenar -au, n, fallow, ploughed land 
braenaru, v, to fallow 
tbraendail, n, land manured by cattle 

feeding on it 
braenilyd, a, putrid, rotten; mouldy 
tbraens, nf, branch, scion 
braenu. v, to putrify, to rot 
braf, a, rine, nice, pleasant 
brag, n, malt 

tbragad, en, offspring; the vanguard 
bragaldian, bragaldio, v, to jabber, to 

babble, to gabble, to prate 
tbragas -iaid, n, slim fellow; long 

strider 
bragdy, n. See braety 
bragio, v, to brag, to boast 
bragiwr, wyr, n, braggart 
fbragod -au -ydd, n, bragget; a malt 

liquor so called 
tbragodi, v, to supply with liquor 
tbragodlyn, fbragowdlyn, n, bragget 
bragu, brago, :', to make malt; to malt, 

to brew 
bragwr, wyr, bragydd -ion, n, maltster, 

brewer 
braich, breichiau, n & >i/, arm; branch; 

verse. Breichiau trol, cart-shafts 
braidd, a, nearf; slight, faint : ad, just, 

hardly, scarcely; rather, somewhat, 

nearly, almost. O'r braidd, hardly, 

barely 
tbrail, en, the rose 
braint, breintiau, breiniau, nf, privilege, 

right; prerogative; dignity, honour; 

rank; position, standing, status 
braisg, a, gross, thick, large; rank; 

stout, sturdy; pregnant 
braith, nf, variegated, motley. Siaced 

fraith, ' coat of many colours ' (Gen. 

xxxvii. 3) : m. brith 
bral -au, n, rag, shred. Bremn y btalau, 

tatterdemalion. Bral o ddyn, Brelyn 

ddvn, ragged fellow 
bralgi, gwn, n, ragged fellow 
bralog, a, ragged, tattered; hare-brained 
SI 



BRA 

bram, w, fart 

bramu, v, to fart 

bran, brain, nl, crow, rook; raven. 

— bigddu, carrion crow; raven. — 

dyddyn, carrion crow. Ydfran, rook 
bran, n, bran, husk 
branar, >i=braenar 
brandi, n, brandy 
tbranel -au, n, tlie piece of timber which 

holds the mouldboard of the old 

Welsh plough; big rustic fellow 
tbranes, cn-f, flight of crows 
tbranos, np, young crows 
jbras -au, n, cross-bow 
bras, a, gross, large, thick; fat; coarse; 

rich; luxuriant. Bras yr yd, Aderyn 

bras yr yd, Bras y ddrutan, com 

bunting 
brasbwyth -au, n, basting-stitch 
brasbwytho, v, to baste 
brasgamu, v, to stride 
brashau, v, to grow gross or fat, to 

fatten 
braslîain, Ueiniau, n, coarse linen 
braslun -iau, n, sketch, outline 
braslunio, v to sketch, to outline 
brasnaddu, v, to rough-hew 
braster -au, n, grossness, fatness; fat 
brasterog, a, fat; greasy 
brasteru, v, to baste (meat) 
brastod, n, coarseness, indelicacy 
tbrastoll, a, with big holes 
brat -iau, n, clout, piece, rag; pinafore 
tbratäu, fbratau, v, to betray 
bratbwU, byllau, n, pitfall 
bratiog, a, clouted, ragged; broken 
brath -au, n, stab; sting; bite; wound 
brathedig -ion, a, wounded 
brathgi, gwn, n, biting dog; snarler, 

churl 
brathiad -au, n, bite; nibble (in fishing) 
brathlys, n, pimpernel 
brathog, a, given to biting; biting, 

mordant 
brathu, v, to stab, to pierce, to wound; 

to spur, to goad; to sting; to bite 
brau, «, brittle, frail, fragile; friable; 

promptt, readyt 
braw -iau, n, terror, dread, fright, alarm 
brawd, brodyr, tbrodorion, n, brother; 

fellowt ; friar. Brawd yng nghyfraith, 

brother-in-law 
brawd, brodiau, n/, judgment, verdict. 

Dydd brawd, day of judgment 



BRE 

tbrawdfaetli, n = brawdinaeth 
brawdgarwob, n, brotherly love 
tbrawdio, v, to give judgment 
brawdladdiad -au, n, fratricide 
brawdle -oedd, nf, judgment-seat 
brawdleiddiad, iaid, n, a fratricide 
brawdlys -oedd, nf, assize-court. Braxvd- 

lys chwarterol, quarter sessions 
brawdmaetli, n, foster-brother (Acts 

xiii I) 
brawdol, i, brotherly, fraternal 
brawdoliaetli -au, nf, brotherhood, fra- 
ternity 
fbrawdr, «=brawdwr 
brawdwr, wy, h, judee, arbiter 
tbrawdyr, «= brawdwr 
tbrawdwriaeth, nf, judgment 
brawddeg -au, nf, sentence 
brawddegu, v, to construct sentences 
brawl, broliau, n, boast, vaunt, brag; 

gabble, tattle 
brawlan, v, to brawl 
tbrawn, n, brawn; produce 
fbrawniog, a, brawny 
brawychol, a, terrifying, terrible 
brawychu, v, to terrify, to affright, to 

frighten, to alarm 
brawychus, a, terrific, frightful, dread- 
ful, alarming 
tbre -on, nt, hill, promontory 
brebwl, byliaid, n, blockhead 
brecan -au, nf, rug, coverlid, blanket 
breei, iau, n, wort, sweet wort; spree 
tbrecini, n, despumation, froth, foam 
brecwast, brecwest -au, n, breakfast 
brecwesta, v, to breakfast 
brech -au, nf, eruption, pox. — ddu, a 
variety or stage of small-pox. — 
fawr, pox, syphilis. — goch, the 
measles. — las, confluent small-po.x. 
— ■ wen, — folog, the small-pox. — y 
cŵn, mange. — y fiiwch, cow-pox. 
— yr Iddewon, leprosy. — y moch, 
swine-pox. — ■ yr ieir, chicken-pox. 
0! y frech, pock-marks 
brech, af, brindled, freckled: m. brych 
brechdan -au, nf, slice of bread and 

butter, butty 
brechlyd, brechog, a, having eruptions 

or pox; pocky, measly 
brechlys, n, common chickweed 
tbredych -au, n, fright, terror; surprise;. 

prodigy; treason 
fbredychu, v=bradychu 

52 



BRE 

tbredychus, a, treacherous; frightful 
bref -au -iadau, nj, lowing; bleat, bleat- 
ing; bray 
brefai, breflys, n, pennyroyal 
tbrefan -au, nf, lump of butter 
tbrefant, annau, n, the windpipe. Ajal 

href ant. larynx, glottis 
breferad, n, to bellow, to roar : n, roar 
breflad -au, n, lowing, bleating 
brefu, V, to low; to bleat; to bray; to 

roart 
tbreg -au, n, break, breach, rupture; 

tìss\ire; rent; blemish, defect 
fbregedd, n, fraijihty, trailty 
bregedd, n, guile ; fun, mischief 
bregliach, n, gibberish: v, to jabber 
bregus, a, frail, fragile, broken, brittle, 

rickety 
tbrehyr -iaid -on, n. See brëyr 
tbrehyrdir -oedd, n, baron-land 
fbrehyres -au, nf, baroness 
tbrehyriaeth -au, nf, baronage 
tbrehyrllys -oedd, n, court-baron 
fbrehyrol, rt, baronial; lordly 
breichdlwâ, dlysau, nj. bracelet 
breicheidio, v, to embrace 
fbreichfras, a, strong-armed, stout- 

breichled, fbreichiedr -au, w/, bracelet 
breichlwytho, v, to load the arms to 

i-XCPSS 

tbieichrwy -fau, nf, bracelet 

tbreiddtyw, a, scarcely alive 

tbreila. tbreilw -on, en, rose; wild rose 

jbreiliog, a, rosy 

tbreindir, fbreintir -oedd, n, allodial land 

breinfawr, a, highly privileged 

tbreiniarll, ieirll, n, count palatine 

tbreiniarllaeth, ni, palatinate 

breinio, v, to privilege, to enfranchise 

broiniog, a, privileged, enfranchised 

breiniol, a, privileged, free; (sometimes) 

royal 
breinlen -ni, nf, cliarter. Y Freinien 

Fa.ir. Magna Charta 
brcintiedig, a, patented, patent 
breintio, v, to privilege, to favour 
breintlythyr -au, n, letters-patent 
jbreintus, a, of the nature of a privi- 
lege; honourable 
breiscàu, breisgio, v, to become large 

or bulky 
breisgion, np, tow, oakum; refuse 
tbreithell -au, nf, battle, conflict, war 



nf, king- 
kingship; 



n, king's 



basil. — 



BRE 

tbreithell -au, nf, caul. — yr ymen- 

nydd, membrane enclosing the brain, 

dura mater 
breithgan -au, nf, macaronic poem 
tbreithin, nf, unsettled weather 
breithinon, nf, interval of fair weather 
brelyn, n, small rag or shred. See bral 
bremain, v, to fart 

brenhinaidd, a, kingly, king-like, regal 
brenhindod n, royalty 
brenhindref -i, u/, royal city ; provincef 
brenhindy, dai, n, royal palace 
brenhines, breninesau, nf, queen 
brenhinfainc, nf. throne (Zech. vi. 13) 
brenhinfraint, breninfreintiau, freiniau, 

nf, royal privilege or prerogative 
brenhingyff -ion, n, dynasty 
brenhiniaeth, breniniaethau, 

dom, realm, monarchy; 

reiijn 
brenhinlin -au, nf, dynasty 
brenhinllys, breninllyso3dd, 

court 
brenhinllys, breninllysiau, n, 

dof, great basil. — ■ gwyllt, wild basil 
brenhinol, a, kingly, royal, regal 
brenhinwisg, breninwisgoedd, nf, royal 

robe 
brenhinyn, hinos, n, kinglet, kingling 
brenin, hinoedd, "hinedd, n, king, 

sovereign, monarch 
brennig, np, (brenigen, nf), limpets 
bresen, pi. bresys, nf, brace 
brest -iau, nf, breast, chest. Brest wen, 

shirt front. O'r fre t, extempore 
bresych, np (-en, nf), cabbages; pot- 

taget, brothf. Bresych gwylltion, 

wild gourds (2 Kings iv. 39) 
bretyn, n, little rag, clout 
brethyn -nau, n, woollen cloth, stuff. — 

dinesig, superfine cloth. — denied, 

broad cloth. — united, narrow cloth. 

— pentan, — cartref, homespun cloth 
brethyniaeth, nf, woollen drapery 
brethynnol, a, of cloth 
brethynnwr, wyr, brethynnydd, yddion, 

n, woollen-draper, clothier 
tbreuad, aid, n, grave-worm 
tbreuan -au, nf, handmill, quern. — 

dinfoel, the lesser handmill 
tbreuan -au, nf, print (of butter) 
tbreuandy, dai, n, mill-house 
tbreuanllif -au, nf, grindstone 
tbreuant, annau, n, windpipe 
53 



BRE 

tbreuanu, v, to bray, to pound 

breuder, n, brittleness, friability, frailty 

breuddwyd -ion, n, dream. — o ddyn, 
dreamer, mope, moping fellow 

breuddwydio, v, to dream 

breuddwydiol, breuddwydlyd, a, dream- 
ing, dreamy 

breuddwydiwr, breuddwydydd, wyr, n, 
dreamer 

tbreuer, », lowing 

tbreulif, tbreulifaid, a, ground, sharp 

breuo, v, to grow brittle 

tbreuol, a, brittle, frail, fragile; liberal 

breuolder, n, brittleness, frailty 

tbreuoliaeth, nf, frailty 

brewlan, v, to prate; to drizzle 

tbrewychus, a= brawychus 

tbrëyr, tbrehyr, hyrlaid, hyron, n, 
baron, nobleman, chief 

tbrëyres, &c. See brehyres 

bri, n, dignity, honour, esteem, repute, 
distinction, renown; rank; vogue; 
account, worth, value 

briallu, np, (briallen, nf), primroses. 
— Mair disawr, oxiip, great cowslip. 
— - Mair sawyrus, cowslip, paigle 

brib -iau, n, bribe 

bribio, V, to bribe 

tbribis, np, fragments, scraps 

bribiwr, wyr, n, briber 

brics, np (-en, nf), bricks 

bricyll, np (-en, nf), apricots 

bricyllwydd, np (-en, nf), apricot-trees 

brid-iau, «, eruption; the scab 

brid -iau, n, breed 

brido, V, to break out, to erupt 

tbriduw, n, oath, warranty, earnest 
(legal) 

brifo, V, to hurt (N.W.)=briwo 

brig -au, » & en, top, summit; head; 
crest ; tops (as of trees and plants) ; 
top-branches; twigs; the hair. Brig 
pren, the top of a tree, or the upper 
branches. Brigau coed, the branches 
or tops of trees. Brigau' r twynau, 
yellow bedstraw. Ym mrig y nos, 
Ym mrig yr hwyr, in the dusk. Codi 
ym mrig un, to attack a person 

fbrigawgdwn, a, with cropped branches 

tbrigawglas, a, with green branches 

tbrigawndr, n, chain-mail 

brigbori, v, to browse, to nibble 

brigdorri, v, to prune, to crop, to top, 
to lop 



BRI 

brigddyrnu, v, to thresh out the top 
tbriger, en, top, head; tuft; hair of 
the head. — blodenyn, capillaments 
of a flower, stamens. — - Gwener, — 
Gweno, true maidenhair 
brigerau, np, capillaries; stamens 
brigtrig, ad, top to top; at loggerheads; 

in a scuffle 
brigladd, v, to lop the tops 
briglas, a, green-topped ; grey-haired 
fbriglwyd, a, hoary-headed (Deut. 

xxxii. 25) 
tbriglwydo, v, to grow hoary 
brigo, V, to top; to branch 
brigog, a, branching; flourishing 
brigwellt, n, hairgrass 
brigwlydd, en, water starwort 
tbrigwn, ynau, n, andiron 
brigwyn, a, white-topped, white-crested: 

/. brigwen 
brigyn, n, top branch, twig 
tbrigystod -au, nf, the top row 
bril, brilyn, n, clout, rag 
tbrilwm, lymiaid, n, bare or naked one 
bril-lys -iau, n, bastard pimpernel, 

small chaffweed 
tbrisg, n, footsteps, track, trace, trail 
britis, n, breeches; breeching (S.W.) 
brith, a, mixed, motley, pied, speckled, 
spotted, mottled; indistinct, vague, 
faint; in part: /. braith. Bara brith, 
currant bread. Ceffyl brith, piebald 
horse. Brith gof, faint recollection. 
Brith gan, — o, abounding with, thick 
of. Brith y fiiches, — yr oged, pied 
wagtail 
tbrithfyd, n, a confused world 
brithgi, gwn, n, mongrel dog 
brithgig, n, striped meat 
brithgoch, a, variegated with red 
brithlas, a, dappled grey 
brithlaw, n, drizzling rain 
brithlen -ni, nf, arras, tapestry 
brithliw, a, variee;ated, motley 
brithlwyd, a, mouldy (Jos. ix. 5) 
britho, V, to variegate; to dapple, to 
dot, to spot; to mottle, to speckle; 
to spangle; to chequer; to turn grey 
(of hair) ; to break (as milk in churn- 
ing) ; to cover or strew with (flowers, 
gems, errors). Britho llygaid, to 
dazzle 
tbrithred -ion, n, confusion, turmoil 
brithryw, a, heterogeneous 
54 



Ajno ^ r.,-.io :>!^v 



BRI . 

britbwaith, n, mosaic 

Brithwr, wyr, «, Pict 

brithwyn, a, motley-white 

brithyd, n, mixed corn, meslin. Bara 

britiiyd, meslin bread 
brithyli -od -laid, n, trout. Briihyll y 

dom, prickle-back, stickle-back 
brlw -iau, n, wound, cut; matter, pus. 

Briw y march, common vervain 
briw, a, broken, bruised, sore, brayed 
briwio, V, to bruise, to crusii, to grind; 

to wound 
tbriwdwU, a, broken and pierced, 

lacerated: /. briwdoll 
tbriwdwn, a, broken and shattered, 

bruised: /. briwdon 
briwedig, a, broken, bruised; wounded 
briweg, en, stonecrop. Briweg y cerrig, 

English stonecrop 
briwfara, ». broken bread 
briwfwyd, n, fragments of food (Matt. 

xiv. 20) 
briwgig, n, broken flesh, mince 
briwtan, v, to drizzle 
briwlio, V, to broil 
briwlys, n, woundwort. — ■ lewbanog, 

downy woundwort. — y taeog, marsh 

woundwort 
briwo, V, to break, to crumble, to pound, 

to shred, to mince; to cut, to wound; 

to hurt; to be hurt 
tbriwod, n, driven snow 
briwsion, np <-yn, n), crumbs, fragments 
briwsioni, v, to crumb, to crumble 
briwsionllyd, a, crumby, crumbly 
briwsyn, briwsion, n, crumb, morsel 
briwwydd, briwydd, up, dry brushwood; 

sticks 
briwydd, n/, bedstraw. — wen, smooth 

heath bedstraw. — ■ t^len, yellow 

bedstraw 
bro, bröydd, nf, land; region; country; 

vale. Bro a bryn, hill and dale 
broc, a, of a mixed colour; roan; 

grizzled: n, mixed colour; roan 

colour. Ceffyl broc, roan horse. 

Dafad froc, Dafad frogla, grizzled 

sheep 
broc môr, n, wreckage 
fbroch -ion, n, badger. Brocli yng 

ngltod, badger in a bag 
tbroch, n, froth, foam; wrath; din, 

tumult 
brochell -au, nf, tempest 



BRO 

brochi, V, to chafe, to fume; to bluster 
brochlyd, a, fuming; blustering 
brochus, a, fuming; blustering 
tbroder, »^=brodyr 
tbrodig, a, connected with judgment: 

n, day of judgment 
brodio, V, to embroider, to darn 
brodiog, a, embroidered, darned 
brodir -oedd, nf, country; champaign 
brodor -ion, n, native 
tbrodordy, dai, n, friary, monastery 
brodoriaeth -au, «/, fraternity ; fellowship 
tbrodorion, up brothers 
brodorol, a, native 
tbrodre, nf, hill of judgment 
brodwaith, n, embroidery "v 

brodyr, np (brawd, n), brothers, brethren 
tbrodyrdde, np, brothers 
tbroes -au, n, a small pointed piece of 
wood, broach. — edafedd, — gwlân, 
yarn slipper, yarn sticks pric edafedd. 
— canhwyllau, candle slipper 
broga -od, «, frog. Grifft y broga, frog- 
spawn 
brogla, a, grizzled, grizzly. See broc 
brol, nf, boast, brag, vaunt 
brolgi, gwn, n, boaster, brawler, babbler 
brolian, v, to brag continually 
brolio, V, to boast, to brag, to vaunt 
broliwr, wyr, n, boaster, braggart 
bron -nau f-noidJ, nf, breast, pap: 
-nydd, nf, breast of a hill. Gerbron, 
in presence of, before. Ymron, al- 
most. OV bron, altogether; seriatim 
bron, ad, almost, nearly, on the point of 
fbronbelau, np, jewels, gems 
tbronddor, fbrondor -au, nf, breast- 
plate; shield 
bronddu, a, black-breasted. — y twyn- 

au, plover 
tbronfoU -au. n, stomacher; breastplate 
bronfraith, a, mottled-breasted: nf, 

thrusli 
brongengl -au, nf, breast-leather 
bronglwyd, nf, breast-bone, sternum, 

breast 
brongoch -laid, nf, robin redbreast 
tbronllech, n, breastplate 
bronnallt, elltydd, nf, liillside wood 
tbronrain, reinion, n, breast-ring 
tbronrëin, a, wearing a breast-ring 
bronrhuddog -od, bronrhuddyn -nod, n, 

the redbreast 
bront, a fern, of brwnt 

55 



BRO 
bionter -nod, »/, dirty woman 
tbronwala, n, contentment, satisfac- 
tion : a, satisfied, pleased 
bronwen, a/, white breasted: n/, weasel 
bronwerth, nf, borage. — y wiber, 

viper's bugloss 
bronwst, ii/, pam m the breast; be ,rt- 

ache 
bronwydd, en, hillside trees: ;; & m/, 

wooded slope 
bronwyllt, a, excited, passionate 
bronwyn, a, white-breasted : /. bronwen 
bronwys, bronws., n, pilewort 
tbroryw, a, of the stock ol one's 

country 
browes, n=brywes 
brown, a & n, brown 
brownio, v, to brown 
tbrowys, a, spirited; .irdcnt, fervent 
tbrowysig, a, vigorous, animated 
bru, w, womb, uterus; belly (Cant. vii. 2) 
brud -iau, n, chronicle; prognostication, 

divination 
brudio, V, to prognosticate, to divine 
brudiwr, wyr, n, wizard, soothsayer 
fbrut -iau, ;! = brud 
Brutanaidd, a, British 
Brutaniad, iaid, n, Briton 
tbrwch, n, ferment, excitement, emotion 
brwchan, n, caudle, thin flummery 
brwd, a, hot, warm, ardent, fervent; 

acrid: n, boil, heat 
brwdaniaeth, nj, heat, warmth, ardour, 

fervour 
brwdfrydedd, n, ardour, enthusiasm 
brv/dfrydig, a, ardent, enthusiastic 
brwmstan, ;i, brimstone, sulphur 
brwmstanaidd, a, brimstony, sulphury, 

sulphurous 
brwmstanllyd, a, brimstony, sulphury 
brwmstanog, a, sulplnirous 
brwmstanol, a, sulphurous, sulpliu- 

reous, sulphuric; brimstony, sulphury 
tbrwmston, «= brwmstan 
jbrwnstan, « = brwmstan 
brwnt, am, foul, dirty, nasty, unclean; 

sordid; surly, harsh: /. bront 
brws -us, n, brush 
brwsio, V, to brush 
tbrwth, M, quarrel; uproar, tumult 
brwyd -au, n, broach; braid; broidering 

frame, brwydau, braids of a loom 
tbrwyd, a, full of holes; torn, rent 
tbrwydel, n, embroidery 



BRY_ 

tbrwyden, n1, the reeds of a loom 

brwydo, v, to embroider 

brwydr -au, nf, battle, conflict 

tbrwydrawd, a, fighting 

tbrwydrin, «/, a battle, a combat. 
Am fail hrwydrhi, a fighting animal 

brwydro, v, to battle, to combat 

brwydrwr, wyr, n, fighter, combatant 

brwydwaith, n, embroidery 

brwydweithydd, brwydydd -ion, n, em- 
broiderer 

brwylio, v, to broil 

tbrwyn, a, sad, sorrowful, grievous 

brwyn, w, sadness, sorrow, grief 

brwyn, np (-en, «/), rushes. Cannwyll 
irwyn, rushlight 

brwyna, v, to gather rushes 

brwynddail, np, spiderwort 

brwynen, brwyn, nf, rush; current, 
track, t — afon, the middle stream 
of a river, f — ffordd, the trodden 
part of a road 

tbrwynfryd, n & a, melancholy 

brwyniad, iaid, n, smelt, sparling 

tbrwynog, a, sad, sorrowful 

brwynog, a, rushy : nf, place of rushes, 
marsh 

fbrwys, a, luxuriant, fertile, green, ver- 
dant: ;i, luxuriance 

brwyscàu, v, to get dr\mk 

brwysg, a, impetuousf; drunk, intoxi- 
cated 

brwysgedlys, n, coriander 

tbrwysgl, a, riotous 

brwysgo, v, to get drunk 

fbry, í7</, on high, permanently mutated 
to fry; n, zenith 

fbrycan -au, n, rug, coverlid, blanket 
= brecan (Judith xiii. 15) 

brycell -au, nf, covert, brake 

brych -au, n, spot, freckle; plaid; rough 
covering; the after-birth of a cow. 
Brych y cae, hedge-sparrow 

brych, a, brindled, freckled : /. brech 

brychan -nu, «, tartan, plaid 

brychau, np (euyn, n), motes, spots, 
spe( ks. Brycliau haul, freckles 

brycheulyd, a, spotted, speckled 

brycheuyn, brychau,», mote, spot, speck 

tbrychewyn, w= brycheuyn 

brychfelyn, a, mottled yellow 

brychi, " = brychni 

brychiad, iaid, n, salmon trout 

brychiedyn, n, salmon trout 
56 



BRY 

brychlyd, brychog, a, brindled, freckled 
brychni, «, spots, freckles; stain, de- 
filement 
brychu, v, to spot, to freckle; to fox, 

to discolour 
tbrychwelw, a, dapple-grey 
brychwyn, a, of a brindled white 
brychyll -iaid, n, trout 
bryd -au -iau, n, mind, thought, heart, 

will, intent. un fryd, with one 

accord 
tbrydai eion, n, a heating iron, heater 
brydaniaeth, n, heat, warmth, fervour 
tbrydiant, n, heat, ardour; throb 
brydio, v, to bum, to kindle, to inflame, 

to boil, to throb 
tbrydio, v, to muse, to meditate 
tbrydni, n, heat, warmth 
tbrydd, a, feeble, weak, sickly 
tbrydd, n, volunteer (legal) 
tbryflau, np, briefs 
brygawthan, v, to jabber, to prate; to 

rant 
tbrymston, «= brwmstan 
bryn -iau t-nau, n, hill, mount 
tbrŷn, brynau, n, grudge, malice 
brynar, n= braenar 
bryncyn -nau, ;ì, clod; hillock, tump 
bryncynnog, a, full of clods; uneven 
bryncynnu. v, to break clods 
bryndir -oedd, n, hill-country 
bryniog, a, full of hills, hilly 
tbryntai -eion, n, dirty wretch 
brynti, bryntni, bryntwch, n, filthiness, 

dirtiness, uncleanness, defilement, 

pollution 
brys, n, quickness, haste, hurry. Ar 

frys, in haste, quickly, speedily 
bryseb -au -ion, «/, telegram 
fbrysedig, a, speedy, swift 
tbrysg, n, brisk, quick, nimble 
brysglwyn -i, n. See prysglwyn 
tbrysgyll -au, n, baton, truncheon, mace 
brysio, v. to hasten, to hurry, to speed 
brysiog, a, hurried, hasty 
brysiol, a, hastening, hurryinc 
bryslythyr-au, n, dispatch 
brysneges -au, «/, express message, 

telegram 
tbryst, >i=brest 
tbrysyll -au, )!=brysgyli 
Brytanaidd, a, British 
Brytaniad, iaid, n, Briton 
tBrytwn, «, Briton 



BUD 

brytwn, n, field southernwood 
brytheirio, v, to belch, to eructate 
Brython -iaid, n, Briton, Welshman 
Brythoneg, n/, British language, Welsh 
Brythonig, a, British, Welsh 
tbrythwch, n, tumult, storm 
tbryw, n, vigour, briskness: a, brisk 
brywes, n, bread or oatcake steeped in 

broth or hot water (brewis) 
fbrywio, v, to invigorate, to enliven 
tbrywus, a, vigorous, brisk; wanton; 

amusing, diverting 
fbu, fbiw, nf, cow 
bu, V, was, it came to pass 
bual, ail, n, buffalo, bison; buglef; 

dnnking homt 
buan, a. swift, nimble, fast, quick, fleet 
buander, buandra, n, swiftness, speed, 

celerity, velocity 
buandroed, a, swift-footed 
tbuanedd, +buanrwydd, n=buander 
buarth -au, m, farm-yard; fold; yard; 

court; enclosure 
tbuarthdail, n, farm-yard manure; land 

dressed therewith 
buarthfa, feydd, nf, folding-place 
buartho, buarthu, v, to fold, to pen 
buarthog, a, folded, penned 
tbuch, nf, lite 
tbuch -od, nf, cow 
buchdraeth -au, nf, biography 
buchedd -au, nf, life; morality; bi- 
ography 
tbucheddocàu, v, to live, to lead a life 
bucheddol, a, relating to life, devout, 
moral; right-living, virtuous; livet, 
livingf. Ymadroddion bucheddol, mo- 
ral or practical discourses 
bucheddu, v, to live, to flourish (at such 

a time) 
buches -au, nf, milking-fold; herd. — • 

ddefnid, fold for milking sheep 
tbuchesa, v. to fold 
buchfrechiad, n, vaccination 
buchtrechu, r, to vaccinate 
buchfrechwr, wyr, n, vaccinator 
fbuchwedd, ii/= buchedd 
tbuchydd, n/= buchedd 
budr, a, dirty, nasty, filthy, foul, vile, 

sordid 
budrchwil -od, budrchwilen -nod, nf, 

water newt; lizard 
budreddi. fbudredd, n, filthiness filth 
tbudreddu, v, to defile, to soil, to foul 
57 



BUD 



budr-elw, n, filthy lucre {Titus i. ii) 

budr-elwa, v, to get filthy lucre (Titus 
■■7) 

budro, V, to dirty, to soil, to foul 

fbudrog, fbudrogen, -od, nf, whore, 
harlot, prostitute; slut, slattern 

tbudydd, v, s. 3 fut., shall be 

budd -ion -iau, n, benefit, profit, gain, 
good. — iechydfa, sanatorium bene- 
fit. — y methedig, disablement bene- 
fit 

buddai, eiau, nf, churn 

buddai, eiod, nf, the bittern 

buddel, buddelw, pi. elwydd, n, cow-house 
post 

buddfaw, a, advantageous, profitable 

tbuddfawr, a, victorious 

tbuddig, a, victorious 

buddiant, iannau, n, advantage, gain; 
interest 

buddio, V, to profit, to benefit, to ad- 
vantage, to avail 

buddiol, a, profitable; beneficial. Gwy- 
bndaeth fuddiol, useful knowledge 

buddioldeb, n, profitableness 

buddioli, V, to makf profitable 

buddsoddi, v, to invest 

buddsoddion, np, investments 

budduges -au, nf, victress; winner 

buddugo. V, to triumph; to gain advan- 
tage; to obtain victory, to win 

buddugol, a, victorious, triumphant; 
winning, prize; valiantf 

buddugoliaeth -au, nf, victory 

buddugoliaethu, v, to be victorious, to 
conquer, to triumph 

buddugoliaethus, tbuddugoliaethol, a, 
victorious, triumphant 

tbuddugre, nf, a trophy 

buddugwr, wyr, n, winner, victor 

tbuddwas, n, a precious youth 

tbuddyn, n, a victor 

jbuddyn, n, gain 

tbuelin, n, bugle ; a drinking-horn 

tbugad, n, bellowing, confused noise 

fbugadu, V. to bellow, to vaunt 

bugail, eiliaid, fbugelydd, n, shepherd, 
herdsman; pastor 

bugeila, bugeilio, v, to watch; to 
sheplierd. — brain, to scare away 
crows. — plant, to mind children 

bugeilaidd, bugeiliol, a, pastoral, bucolic 

bugeileg -ion, ni, bucolic, pastoral poem, 
eclogue 



BUW 

bugeiles -au, nf, shepherdess 

bugeilffon, ffyn, nf, shepherd's crook; 
pastoral staff, crosier 

bugeilgerdd -i, nf, pastoral poem, eclogue 

bugeilgi, gwn, n, shepherd's dog 

bugeiliaeth -au, nf, pastorate; shep- 
herding 

bugeiliol, a, pastoral, bucolic 

bugeiliwr, wyr, bugeilydd -ion, n, 
shepherd 

tbugeilrhes, nf, irony; sport, jest, de- 
rision 

tbugel -ydd, n= bugail 

tbugloddi, V, to bellow 

tbugloddiad, M, bellowing 

bugunad, v, to bellow, to roar: n, bel- 
lowing, roar 

tbul -au, n, papal bull 

bul -ion, n, boll 

buladd, n, cow-bane, water hemlock 

bulwg, n, cockle-weed, corn-rose. — 

■ Ffrengig, poppy. — Rhufain, cor- 
iander of Rome 

bumustl, n, cow-bane, water hemlock 

bun, nf, woman, maiden; fair one 

tbuna -on, n, million 

burgyn -ion, n, carcase, carrion 

tburi, îon, n, carnivorous bird 

buria, n, carcase, carrion 

tburm, «=burum 

burmog, a, barmy, yeasty; foaming 

bursen, «/= mursen 

tburth -ion -iau, n, violent thrust 

tburthio, V, to repulse, to repel; to 
chase away 

burum, tburm, n, barm, yeast; froth 

tburwy -on, n, cow-fetter 

busnes -au -ion, n, business 

busnesa, v, to meddle, to mind an- 
other's business 

busnesgar, a, meddlesome 

busneslyd, a, meddlesome. Dyn bus- 
neslyd, a busybody 

busnesol, a, business, business-like 

busnesu, îí= busnesa 

bustach, tych, -iaid, ", bullock, steer 

bustachu, v, to buffet about; to bungle; 
to exert oneself in vain 

bustl -au, n, gall, bile; choler. Bustl y 
ddnear, centaury 

bustlaidd, a, like gall; bitter as gall 

bustlo, V, to yield gall 

tbutràu, V, to dirty, to foul, to soil 

tbuw, nf, cow 

58 



BUW 

buwch, buchod, «/, cow. Y fuwch. 

goch gota, lady-cow, lady-bird 
tbuyn, n, bullock, ox 
bw n, threat; terror; bugbear 
bw, i, bo, boh, boo 
bwa, bwâu, n, bow; arch. — V arch, 

— 'r gtaw, — V Drindod, rainbow 
bwaog, a, arched, vaulted 

bwbach -od, n, bugbear, bogey, goblin; 
scarecrow, booby. — dallan, blind- 
man's-buff 

bwbaches -au, n/, she-goblin 

bwbachu, v, to scare; to buffet 

bwced -i, n/, bucket 

bwcedaid, eidiau, nf, bucketful 

bwci, iod, M, hobgoblin, bugbear, bogey. 
Y bwci-bo, the devil ('bugaboo') 

bwcl, byclau, n, buckle 

bwcled, tbwcledr -au, nf, buckler 

tbwcran, «, buckram 

bwch, bychod, n, buck. — gafr, he-goat 

bwdran, n, washbrew, gruel 

bwff, n, buff 

tbwg n, ghost, hobgoblin 

bwgan -od, n, bugbear, bogey, hob- 
goblin, ghost. Bwgan brain, scare- 
crow 

bwgwl, bygylau, n, fearf ; threat, menace, 
intimidation 

bwgwth, ii=bygwth, bygythio 

bwng, n, orifice, bung 

bwhwman, r, to beat about; to waver, 
to vacillate (Eph. iv. 14) 

bwi, n, buoy 

bŵl, bylau, n, globe; ball, bowl; knob. 

— cart, the nave of a cart wheel 
bwla -on, n. bull; a castrated bull 
bwlan -od, n;, straw vessel to hold corn 
bwlas, bwlaits, n, bullace 

tbwlbwl, «, bubble 

bwlch, bylchau, n, gap, breach; pass; 

defile; notch; embrasure. Bwlch yn 

y wefus, hare-lip 
bwled -i, nj, bullet 
bwlgan -au, n/, straw corn-vessel 
bwli, iod, iaid, «, bully 
bwlio, V, to bully 
tbwliwns, np, bullions 
bwlwg, n, the threatening attitude of a 

buM 
bwmbas, n, bombasine 
bwmbeili, iaid, n, bum-bailiff 
tbwmbwl, n, bubble 
tbwmbwr, n, murmur, roar 



BWR 

bwiiibwr(th), n, blind-board (Eng. dial. 

'bumbles') 
fbwmp, n, hollow sound, boom. Aderyn 

y bwmp, bittern. Chwil y bwmp 
Chwileyi y bwmp. black-beetle 

tbwn, V, to mumble: n, mumble 

bwn, byniaid, n, the bittern. .\lso 
Aderyn y bwn 

bwncath -au, n, buzzard 

bwndel -i, n, bundle 

bwndelu, v, to bundle 

tbwned, nf, bonnet 

bwngler -iaid, n, bungler, botcher 

bwnglera, v, to bungle 

bwngleraidd, a, bungling, clumsy 

bwnglerwaith, n, bungle, botch 

bwRglerwch, n, awkwardness, clumsi- 
ness 

tbŵr, byrau, n, entrenchment; em- 
bankment 

tbwra, n, croft by a house 

tbwrch, byrchau, n, burgh, borough; 
rampart, wall; castle-mound 

tbwrchan, v, to gnmt : n, grimt 

bwrdais, deisiaid, n, burgess 

bwrdeisdref -i -ydd, nf, borough 

bwrdeisiaetii, n/, municipalism, munici- 
pality 

bwrdd, byrddau, n, table; board 

tbwrfais, nf, intent, purpose; hubbub 

tbwrgais, geisiaid, n, burgess 

bwriad -au, n, design, purpose, in- 
tention 

bwriadol, a, intentional; on purpose 

bwrladu, v, to purpose, to intend, to 
design: to resolve; to devise 

bwrlwm, byrlymau, n, bubble; gurgling, 
bubbling 

bwrlymu, v, to bubble, to gurgle= byr- 
lymu 

bwrn, byrnau, n, lump, bundle, truss, 
heap, load, burden, incubus 

bwrnel -i, n, bundle, pack 

bwrw, V, to cast, to throw; to imagine, 
to suppose; to count, to reckon, to 
calculate; to strike, to hit, to knock; 
to overthrow; to rain; to spend; to 
condemnf. — amcan, to guess. — 
eira, to snow. — ergyd, to give a 
blow. — ewyn, to foam. — glaw, 
to rain. — ■ prentisiaeih, to serve an 
apprenticeship. Haearn bwrw, cast 
iron 

bwrw, n, cast, throw; woof 
59 



BWT 



BYDD 



bwtier -iaid, n, butler 

bwtres, nf, buttress 

bwtri," «, buttery, pantry, dairy 

bwtsias, en, pair of boots. Bwtsias y 

^os, Batas{en) y ^og, wild hyacinth 
tbwtwm, tbwtwn, n= botwm 
bwth, bythod, ;;, hut, booth, cot 
bwthyn, bythynnod, n, cottage, cabin, 

hut 
bwthynnwr, bythynwyr, n, cottager 
tbwy, pn=pviy 

tbwyaid, np, mass wafers; mass 
bwyall, bwyell, eill, yll, nf, axe, hatchet 
bwyd -ydd -au, n, meat, food, victuals. 

— a diod, — a llyn, meat and drink, 
y barcud, — y boda, — y llyffaint, — 
ellyllon, agaric, toadstool, fungus. 

— y gwcw, wood sorrel. — y moch, 
haws. — yr hwyaid, duckweed 

bwyda, v, to feed 
bwydgell -oedd, nf, pantry 
tbwydiar -au, nt, trencher, tray 
bwydlys -iau, n, salad; vegetable(s); 

jgreens 
bwydo, V, to feed, to give food 
bwyd-offrwm, ymau, n, meat-offering 

(Lev. ii. 13) 
bwydwr, wyr, n, feeder 
bwyellan, bwyellig, nf, hatchet 
bwyellawd, odau, nf, stroke or cut with 

an axe 
bwyellgaib, geibiau, nt, pickaxe 
bwyellig, nf, small axe, hatchet 
bwygilydd, ad, to its fellow; to the other. 

ben bwygilydd, from end to end 
bwylltid -au, n, a swivel 
tbwyllwr, fbwyllwrw, llyriau, n, pro- 
visions for a journey 
tbwys, n, posy, nosegay 
tbwys -au, n=mviys 
bwysel -i, n, bushel 
fbwyst, )), beast 

tbwystfer, «, the marrow at a beast 
bwystfil -od t-aid t-edd, n, wild beast; 

beast, brute 
bwystfilaidd, a, beastly, brutish 
bwystfiles -au, nf, beast 
tbwystnon, n, cattle pestilence, murrain 
tbwystus, a, beastlike, beastly 
bwyta, V, to eat, to consume; to corrode 
bwytadwy, a, eatable, edible, esculent 
lliwytäedigaeth, n, eating 
fbwytal, n, victuals, viands 
■fbwytatwys, np, factitious for pytatws 



bwytawr, awyr, n, eater 

bwyteig, a, greedy, voracious 

bwyty, tai, n, pantry, buttery 

byclu, V, to buckle 

tbych, V s!/&/=byddych 

bychan, a, little, small: /. becban 

bychander, bychandra, n, smallness, 

littleness, diminutiveness 
bychanig, a, diminutive: /. bechanig. 

bychanigion, diminutives 
bychanigol, a, diminutival 
bychanigyn, n, very little, small, or 

minute thing 
bychanu, v, to belittle, to minimize; to 

slight, to disparage, to depreciate 
bychanus, a, disparaging, depreciatory 
tbychod, n, small matter 
tbychodedd, n, small quantity, very few 
tbychodog, a, destitute 
tbychydig, a, trifling, very little 
byd -oedd, n, world; the universe; 
state; life; fuss, bother; great num- 
ber, multitude. After nouns, in the 
sense of great or many. Dun byd, 
nothing. Gwyn ei fyd, happy or 
blessed is he 
bydaf -au, n, nest of wild bees 
bydan, n, little world (dim. of byd) 
byd-eang, a, world-wide 
byd-enwog, a, world-famous, world- 
renowned 
fbydewin, n, a swarm of bees 
bydio, V, to live, to fare 
bydlog, «/=beidiog 
bydol, a, wordly, secular, mundane; 

eartblyt 
bydolddyn -ion, n, worldling 
bydolrwydd, n, worldliness 
bydwraig, wragedd, nf, midwife 
bydysawd, n, the universe (fbedysawd) 
bydd, V, will be 
tbyddag, fbyddagl -au, nf, knot, noose, 

snare, springe; trap 
tbyddaglu, v, to ensnare, to trap 
byddar, a, deaf: -iaid, n, deaf pei^jo 
byddardod, n, deafness 
byddarllys, n, the house-leek 
byddarni, n, deafness 
byddarol.a, deafening 
byddaru, v, to deafen, to stun 
byddarwch, fbydderi, n, deafness 
bydded, v imp, let there be, let it be, 

be it 
byddin -oedd t-awr, nf, army, host 
60 



BYDD 



BYTH 



byddino, v, to embattle, to set in array, 

to marshal 
byddinog, a, with armies (Ps. Ixviii. 12) 
byddon, nf, agrimony. — chwerw, 

hemp-agrimony 
byddych, v subj. s. 2 of bod 
tbygant, n, small coin; trifle 
bygegyr, n, drone, homet=begegyr 
bygilydd, fli/=bwygilydd 
bygwl, ylau, n, fearf; threat, menace, 

intimidation 
tbygwl, a, fearful, timid 
bygwth, V, to threaten, to intimidate, 

to menace 
bygwth, ythion, ythau, ythiau, n, threat, 

menace 
tbygyledd, n, fear, terror, dread 
tbygyliaeth, nf, fear, timidity 
bygylog, a, threatening, intimidating 
bygylu, V, to fearf; to frighten; to 

threaten, to menace, to intimidate 
bygylwr, wyr, n, threatener, intimida- 

tor, bully 
tbygythain, v, to threaten (continually) 
bygythfa, fâu, feydd, nf, threatening, 

threat, menace 
bygythiad, n, threatening, threat 
bygythio, V, to threaten, to menace 
bygythiol, a, threatening, menacing 
tbyl -au, n & «/, brim, edge 
bylchog, a, gapped, gappy; notched; 

wanting in continuity, inconsecutive 
bylehu, v, to make a gap, to breach; to 

notch 
tbyle -on, n, box, trunk 
bynafu, bynafyd, v=ymanafu 
bynnag, pn, -ever, -soever (mut. of 

pynnag, which see) 
byr, a, short, briei; abrupt : /. ber. 

At jyr, shortly; in short 
byrbryd -iau, n, luncheon 
byrbwyll, a, thoughtless, rash, impulsive : 

«, rashness, inconsideration 
byrbwylltra, n, thoughtlessness, rash- 
ness, impulsiveness 
byrder, byrdra, n, shortness, brevity. 

Ar fyrder, shortly 
byrdwn, n, burden, refrain, chorus 
byrddaid, eidiau, n, tableful 
byrddiedig, a, boarded (Hag. i. 4) 
byrddlo, v, to board 
byrddiol, a, boarding 
byrddiwr, wyr, n, boarder 
byrddol, a, board 



byrddu, i^= byrddlo 

byrddydd, n, short day 

tbyrfwch, fychod, n, buck or he-goat; 

badger 
byrfyfyr, a, extempore, impromptu 
byrfys -edd, n, the little finger 
byrgoed, en, shrubs, brushwood 
byrgul, a, short and narrow 
byrhad -au, n. abbreviation, contrac- 
tion 
byrhau, v, to shorten, to abridge 
byrhoedledd, n, shortness of life 
byrhoedlog, a, short-lived 
fbyrhwch, hychod, n, badger 
tbyriad -au, n, arm (legal) 
byriau, ieuau, nf, short plough-yoke 
tbyriewys, np, oxen in a short yoke 
byrlymu, v, to bubble, to gurgle 
tbyrllawiog, a, having a short hand; 
without means. Hael byrllawiog, byr- 
llofwg, liberal without means 
tbyrllysg-au, n, baton, truncheon, mace 
byrnaid, eidiau, n, truss, bundle 
byrnlo, v, to burden, to load, to truss, 

to bundle 
bys -edd, n, finger; the hand of a clock 
or watch. — troed, toe. — bach, 
little finger. — biaen, forefinger. 

— y fodrwy, ring-finger. Bawdfys, Bod- 
fys, thumb. Canolfys, middle finger. 
Bysedd y cẃn, — cochion, — ell- 
yllon, foxglove. — yr iâr, wild 
radish 

bysaid, eidiau, n, as much as can be held 
on or taken up by the finger; pinch 

tbysant, annau, n, bezant 

bysedda, v, to finger 

byseddog, a, fingered, digitate 

byseddu, v, to use the fingers; to talk 
on the fingers 

bysio, V, to finger 

bysiog, a, fingered, having fingers 

byslen -ni, nf, finger-stall 

bysog, nf, finger-stall 

tbystwn, n, whitlow, impostume 

bysu, V, Uj finger, to touch 

byswellt, n, cock's-foot grass 

byth, ad, for ever; ever, always; ever 
since, still ; never (with negative 
imphed or expressed) : n, eternity. 

— bythoedd, for ever and ever. — 
a hefyd, ever and anon ; continually, 
incessantly. Am byth, Bros byth, Hyd 
byth, for ever (mut. of pyth) 



^ y^i'i 



61 



BYTH 



CACH 



byth-barhaus, a, everlasting {Common 

Prayer) 
bytheiad, aid, n, hound 
bytheiades -au, bytheiadast, eist, n/, 

hound-bitch 
bytheiadgi, gwn, n, hound 
bytheiriad, n, belching, eructation 
bytheirio, v, to belch, to eructate; to 

spout 
bythfywlol, a, everliving 
bythgofladwy, a, ever-memorable 
tbythig, a, ever angry (byth-ddig) 
bythol, a, everlasting, eternal, perpetual 
byth(ol)wyrdd -ion, a & n, evergreen 
byw, V, to live, to exist; to reside 
byw, a, alive, live, living, quick; vivid. 

I'r byw, to the quick 
byw, n, life. A'i fyw ganddo, alive. 

Yn fy myw, .while I live; for the 

life of me 
bywed, n, core of fruit; pith 
bywfyth, a, everliving: n/, the house- 
leek. Y fywfyth leiaf, biting stone- 

crop, wall-pepper 
bywgrafllad -au, u, biography 
bywgraflBadol, a, biographical 
bywgraffydd -ion, n, biograplier 
bywgraffyddol, a, biographical 
bywhaol, a, animating, quickening 
bywhau, v, to animate, to vivify, to 

quicken 
bywi, np, earth-nuts 
fbywiant, n, life, vigour, animation 
tbywiawd(w)r, n, giver of life 
bywlocàu, v, to vivify, to animate, to 

quicken 
bywiog, a, lively, animated, vivacious 
bywiogi, V, to animate, to enliven 
bywiogrwydd, n, liveliness, animation 
bywiol -ion, a, living, animate 
bywioliaeth. bywiolaeth -au, m/, liveli- 
hood; living. Bywioliaeth Eglwysig, 

benefice, living 
bywion, np (-yn, n), emmets, ants (for 

mywion) 
bywiys, n, stonecrop 
•fbywull, np (-yn, n), buds, grafts, scions. 

Bvwtillyn llydanddail, orpine, livelong 
tbywullu, tbywuUio, v, to bud; to graft, 

to inoculate 
fbywus, a, lively 

bywyd -au, n, life; existence; living 
bywydeg, n/, biology 
bywydegydd -ion, n, biologist 



bywydfad -au, n, lifeboat 

bywydog, n/, stonecrop 

bywydol, a, relating to hfe; animate, 

animated; animating; vital 
bywyn -nau, m, pulp of fruit ; pith; 

core; the soft part of anything. 

— bara, the crumb of bread. — cam 

ceffyl, the tender or soft part of a 

horse's hoof, the frog 



cab, n, cot, booth ; cab; cap, hood 

caban -au, n, booth, cabin 

caberlatsio, v, to jabber, to gabble 

tcabidwl, ylau, n, consistory, chapter; 
chapter-house; chapter, lesson; con- 
fusion, medley 

tcabidyldy, dai, n, chapter-house, con- 
vocation-house; the Capitol m Rome 

cabl -au, n, blaspliemy, curse; detrac- 
tion, calumny, slander 

cablaidd a, blaspliemous; calumnious 

cablair, eiriau, n, calumny 

cabledigaeth -au, nf, blasphemy (i Mace, 
vii. 38) 

cabledd -au, n, blasphemy; calumny 

fcableddgar, a, blasphemous 

cableddus, a, blasphemous; calumnious 

tcablgar, a, blasphemous (2 Mace, 
xiii. 11) 

cablu, V, to blaspheme; to revile, to 
calumniate, to execrate 

cablwr, wyr, n, blasphemer; reviler, 
calumniator 

Cablyd, n. Dydd lau Cablyd, Maundy 
Thursday 

cablydd -ion, n, blasphemer; reviler 

cabol, caboledlg, a, polished, bright 

cabolfaen, feini, n, smooth stone (Isa. 
Ivii. 6) 

caboli, V, to polish; to smooth 

cabwUt, M=capwllt 

caca, V, to defecate: n, faeces 

cacamwci, en, the great burdock. Ca- 
camu'ci lleiaf, small burdock 

cacen -ni -nau, nf, cake 

cacwn, up (cacynen, nf), hornets; wasps; 
humble-bees 

tcachadur -iaid, n, coward, craven 

cachdy, dai, w, closet, privy 

cachgi, gwn, n, coward 

cachglaidd, a, cowardly, dastardly 

fcachiad, a, cowardly, craven 
62 



CACH 

fcachiadrwydd, n, cravenness, cowardice 

cachu, V, to defecate 

cad -au -oedd, nf, battle; war; army, 
host. — a brwydr, — ac ymladd,hattie 
and tumult, — ar faes, a pitched 
battle. — Gamlan, the battle of 
Camlan; a mixed multitude; great 
medley 

cadach -au. n, cloth, kerchief, clout, 
rag. cadachau, swaddling-clothes 

tcadafael, n, simpleton 

cadafarth, cadawarth, n, field mustard, 
charlock 

tcadafwy, n, seizer of battle 

cadair, eiriau, «/, chair, seat, thronef; 
cradle, f — ymadrodd, pulpit 

cadarn, pi. cedyrn, a, strong, powerful, 
mighty; solid, firm 

cadarnhaol, a, affirmative 

eadarnhau, v, to strengthen, to fortify; 
to confirm; to aifirmf, to maintainf 

tcadas, n, a kind of cloth; brocade, 
possibly 

cadben -iaid, n, captain (factitious for 
capten) 

cadbennaeth, nf, captainship, captaincy 

tcadberth -i, ni, thorny brake 

cadechyn, n, clout, rag 

tcadeirdraw -on, n, professor (arbi- 
trary) 

eadeirfardd, feirdd, n, chaired bard 

cadeirio, v, to chair; to spread; to send 
out suckers, to tiller 

cadeiriog, a, chaired; graduated; spread- 
ing. Coed cadeiriog, spreading trees 

eadeiriol, a, chair; cathedral 

cadeirydd -ion, wyr, n, chairman 

tcadeithi, a, hostile 

cader (buwch), nj, (cow's) udder 

cadernid, n, strength, might; stability; 
fortitudef; confirraationt ; pledgef, 
securityt, warrantyf 

tcadfa -on, feydd, nf, place of battle; 
troop, gang (2 Mace. xiv. 23) 

cadfaes, n, battle-field 

cadfarch, feirch, n, war-horse 

cadfarchog -ion, n, cavalier 

tcadfawr, a, great in battle 

fcadflled, n, the soldiery of battle 

fcadforion, np, the heroes of battle 

cadfridog -ion, n, general 

cadfwyall, eill, yll, nf, battle-axe 

tcadlais, «/= cadlas 

tcadlan -nau, nf, field of battle 



CAD 

cadlas -au, lesydd, nf, close, croft, yard; 
enclosure; butt; dance, merrymaking 
tcadle, n, a place of battle 
cadlong -au, nf, war-ship, battle-ship 
cadlys -oedd, nf, entrenchment; head- 
quarters; bailey of castle, court- 
yard, camp 
cadlyw laid, cadlywydd -ion, n, com- 
mander of an army; field-marshal 
cadnaw, n, factitious for cadno 
cadnawaidd, -noaidd, a, foxy, vulpine 
cadno, cadnawon, fcedni, n, fox 
cadnöes, cadnawes -au, nf, vixen 
cadoediad -au, n, armistice, truce 
cadofydd -ion, », tactician, strategist 
cadof yddiaeth, nf, military tactics ; 

strategy 
cadofyddol, a, tactical, strategic 
cadoffer, en, artillery, ordnance 
tcadr, a, handsome, beautiful; mighty 
cadres -i, nf, line of battle. Liang y 

gadres, ship of the line 
tcadseirch, nf, war-harness 
tcadu, V, to battle, to conflict, to fight, 

to wage war 
cadw, V, to keep, to preserve; to ob- 
serve; to hold; to save; to reserve; 
to stay, to abide. Cadw dyledswydd, 
to conduct family prayers. — sivn, 
— twrw, to make a noise; to grumble, 
to complain 
cadw, n, flock, herd 
cadwedig, a, kept, saved; treasuredf, 

cherishedf 
cadwedigaeth, nf, keeping, preservation ; 

custody; salvation; observance 
cadwedigol, a, saving; preservative 
tcadweini, n, knight-service 
cadweinydd -ion, n, aide-de-camp 
cadwen, nf, spurious for cadwyn 
tcadwent, ennoedd, nf, battle, fight 
cadw-mi-gei, n, money-box 
tcadwr, cedwyr, a, warrior 
cadwraeth, nf, keeping, preservation; 

charge; observance 
tcadwraidd, n, radiation of sinews. 
Cadwraidd y Haw, the back of the hand 
cadwrfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, nf, store- 
house, store 
tcadwriaeth, »/= cadwraeth (Job vii. 

12) 
cadwrus, a, well-preserved, well-fed, 

portly 
tcadwyd, v= cadw 

63 



CAD 
cadwyn -au -i, nf, chain, bond 
cadwyno, v, to chain; to bind 
cadwynog, a, chained, in chains 
cadwynwaith, n, chain-work (i Kings 

vii. 17) 
caddug, H, daikness; mist, fog 
eaddugo, v, to obscure, to darken 
cae -au, n, enclosure, field ; fence, 

liedge; ringf; diademf; claspf 
eaead -au, n, cover, lid ; claspt, bucklef: 
a, enclosed, shut, closed: v, to shut, 
to close 
eaeadfrig, a, shady, close-branched 
eaeadle -oedd, n, enclosure 
tcaeadlen -ni, w/, curtain, hanging (Ex. 

xxvi. 36, 37) 
tcaeadu, v, to cover; to bind 
eaeëdig, a, shut, close, enclosed 
cael, t;, to have; to obtain; to get, to 
gain, to win, to attain; to find; to 
enjoy. Cael y maes, to overcome, to 
conquer 
eaen -au, n/, suiiace; peel 
tcaenawg, a, with a covering, scaled 
fcaened, n/, sprinkling; hoariness 
caenen -nau, nf, covering; layer, film, 

flake (Ex. xvi. 13) 
fcaentach, i;=ceintach 
fcaeog, a, wearing a clasp 
•fcaeor -au, nf, sheep-fold 
caer -au t-oedd t-ydd, nf, wall; fortress, 
castle, fort, citadel; city. Caer Gwyd- 
ion, milky way, galaxy 
fcaered -au, nf, wall, fence 
caerfa, feydd, nf, fortress, fort 
caeriwrch, n, roebuck 
caerog, a, fenced, fortified, walled. 
Brethyn caerog, twilled or ribbed 
cloth. Coron gaerog, mural crown 
caeru, v, to wall, to fortify 
caerwaith, n, fortification 
tcaerwyr, up, garrison 
eaets, n, cage; open part of pigsty 
eaeth -ion, a, bond; bound; strait; cap- 
tive; confined, close; strict, stringent. 
Mesurau caeihion, metres in which 
cynghanedd is employed: opposed to 
mesurau rhyddion 
caeth -ion, n, bondman, slave; captive 
•fcaethàu, v, to bind; to straiten 
eaethder, caethdra, n, strictness, strin- 
gency; bondage, restraint; asthma 
eaethes -au, nf, bondmaid, slave 
caethfab, feibion, n, bondman, slave 



CAFF 
caethfasnach, nf, slave-trade 
caethferch -ed, nf, bondmaid, slave 
caethforwyn -ion, nf, bondmaid, slave 
teaethfyd, n, bondage, slavery 
eaethglud, nf, captivity 
caethgludiad -au, n, captivity 
caethgludo, v, to lead captive 
tcaethineb, n, bondage, captivity 
caethi wed, ", slavery , bondage . captivity ; 

restraint ; confinement ; distress 
caethiwo, v, to confine, to enslave 
caethiwus, a, confining ; confined, tied 
tcaethle -oedd, n, place of confinement, 

prison 
caethlong -au, nf, slave-ship, slaver 
tcaethnawd, fcaethrawd, n, bondage, 

captivity 
tcaethu, v, to confine, to reâtrict 
caethwaith, n, servile work (Lev. xxiii. 

7) 
caethwas, weision, n, bondman, slave 
caethwasanaeth, n, slavery 
caethwasiaeth, nf, bondservice, slavery 
tcaethwlad, a & n, captive 
eaethwr, wyr, n, bondman, slave; 

vassal (i Mace. viii. 10) 
oaethwraig, wragedd, nf, bondwoman, 

slave 
fcaeu, u=cau 

caewr, wyr, n, closer, shutter 
caf, V, I shall have (s. i of cael) 
tcafas, V, (he) got, had 
catell -au, nf, cell, chamber, apartment ; 

chancel; sanctuary; oracle (Fs. 

xxviii. 2). 
eafn -au, n, trough ; canoet, boatf 
cafndra, n, hollow, concavity 
cafnio, cafnu, v, to scoop, to hollow 

out, to gouge 
cafod -au -ydd, H/=cawod 
cafodi, t)=cawodi 
cafî -iau, n, grasp, grapple; a sort of 

dung-fork with the prongs set nearly 

at right angles with the handle 
caffael, v, to get, to obtain 
caflaeliad, iaid, n, acquisition; prey, 

spoil (Num. xxxi. 27, Isa. xlix. 24) 
caffio, V, to grope ; to catch, to grasp, 

to snatch ; to guess 
cafBo, V, to cheat 
cafltion, np, refuse of soft or woolly 

substances; refuse 
tcaflon, np, horses 
•fcaffu, V, to obtain 

64 



CAG 

fcagau, wp, cakes 

eagl, n, sheep-dung; mire; clotted dirt 
on clothes 

eaglog, a, clotted with dirt; befouled; 
bedraggled 

eaglu, caglo, v, to befoul, to bespatter 

eangell, hellau, n/, chancel 

eangelloriaeth, cangellwriaeth, cangell- 
yddiaeth, n/, chancellorship 

cangen, pi. cangheanau, cangau, nf, 
branch, bough 

canghellog, a, having a chancel 

eanghellor, ellorion, canghellwr, wyr, 
canghellydd, ellyddion, n, chancellor. 
Canghellor [Canghellydd) y Trysorlys, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer 

eanghennog, a, having branches; 
knotty 

canghennu, v, to branch, to ramify 

eaib, ceibiau, w/, pickaxe, mattock, 
hoe 

tcaing, ceingau, ;i/=cainc 

foail, ceiliau, »/, fold, sheep-fold 

eaill, ceilliau, nf, testicle. Ceilliau'r ci, 
orchis, cullions 

eain, a, clear, briglit, fair, beautiful. 
Celfait (celfyddydau) cain, fine arts 

eainc, ceinciau, cangau, fceingau, nf, 
branch, bough; knot in timber; 
strand; song, lay, strain, tune. Cainc 
f'''r. an arm of the sea. Cainc o 
gerdd, a strain of music. Corff y 
gainc, the burden of a song. Rhaff 
deircainc, a rope composed of three 
strands, a threefold cord (Eccles. 
iv. 12) 

eais, ceisiadau, n, attempt, request, 
application, quest 

caits, 11= caets 

teal, «, tree 

cal, cala, n, penis. Cala'r gethlydd, — 
mynach, cuckoo-pint, wake-robin 

oalaf -au -on, nf & en (eelefyn, n), 
stalk, reed, stem 

oalan -nau, n, the first day of every 
month, y calan, Dydd calan. New- 
year's day. Calan gaeaf, Allhallow- 
tide. All Saints' day. Calan Mai, 
Calanmai, May-day; the beginning 
of summer ._fc<-,^ :,.,f, 

tealander, nr=calendr 

tcalanedd, np & cn=celanedd 

tcalaniadur -on, n, calendar 

ealc -iau, n, calkin 



CAL 



calcic, V, to caulk 

calch, n, lime; mortar; enamelf {calch 

llasar) ; shieldt ; armourf. Calch 

brwd, quicklime 
tcalchaid, a, limed 
calchaid, eidiau, n, coat of enamel 
calchaidd, a, limy, calcareous 
calchen, nf, limestone; lump of lime. 

Cyn wynned a'r galchen, as white as 

a sheet 
calchfaen, feini, n, limestone 
calchiad, n, liming; plaster (Dan. v. 5) 
calchog, a, calcareous, limed 
calchu, calcho, v, to lime; to enamelt 
calchwr, wyr, n, limer, lime-burner 
tcalchwraith, a, enamelled 
tcalchwyn, a, whitewashed 
Caldaeg, nf, Chaldaic, Chaldee 
Caldead, aid, n, Chaldean 
Caldeaidd, a, Chaldean 
caldvist, nf, helleborine. Caldrist y 

banadl, broom-rape 
caled -ion, celyd, a, hard; hardy; severe, 

austere, harsh; strict, stem; dry. 

Mae yn galed arno, he is in difi&culties; 

he is hard up 
caleden -nau, nf, callus, callosity 
Caledf wlch, n, Arthur's sword, ExcaUbur 
caledi, n, hardness; hardship 
tcaledlwm, am, threadbare: /. caledlom 
caledlym, a, hard and sharp 
caledrwydd, «, hardness, obduracy; 

difficulty 
caledu, v, to harden, to dry 
caledwaith, n, severe toil, hard labour 
caledwch, n, hardness, obduracy; diÉ&- 

culty 
ealefyn, n, stalk, reed 
calen -nau -ni, nf, whetstone; lump, 

print (of butter) ; bar (of salt or soap) 
calendr, n, calendar 

calennig, «, new-year's gift; Christmas- 
box 
tcaletir, n, hard ground 
caletrwra, a, hard and heavy 
Calfinaidd, a, Calvinistic 
Calflniad, laid, n, Calvinist 
Calfinydd -ion, n, Calvinist 
tcalin, n, post, prop, pillar 
caliwlyn y mêl, n, common agrimony 
ealon -nau f-noedd, nf, heart; centre; 

bellyt, wombf. Calon y gwir, the 

very truth. Pwll y galon, the pit of 

the stomach 

65 



CAL 

calondid, n, encouragement ; hearti- 
np<;st; couraget, braveryt 

calon-dyner, a, tender-hearted 

calon-galed, a, hard-hearted 

calon-galedwch, n, hard-heartedness 

calonnog, a, hearty; high-spirited; 
valiantt; courageoust 

calonogi, V, to hearten, to encourage 

fcaly, n, penis 

calyn, r)=canlyn 

call, a, prudent, wise; discreet; sen- 
sible, rational 

calledd, np, stalks, haulm; growthf, 
piiiduret 

callestr, cellystr, n/, flint, flint-stone 

callineb, n, prudence, discretion, cir- 
cumspection; wisdom; (good) sense 

callio, V, to grow wiser 

callodr, called, np, stalks of beans and 
the like, haulm: s. callodryn: /. call- 
odren 

fcallor -au, n, cauldron 

callter, n, saneness; cunning, subtlety 

cam -au (-rau — factitious for fcamre), 
«, step, stride, or pace 

cam, ceimion, a, crooked, wry; bowed, 
bent, stooping; wrong; false; one- 
eyed. Cam neu gymwys, right or 
wrong; hit or miss 

cam au, n, injury, wrong. Cael cam, 
to be wronged 

camamil, camomil, n, camomile 

camarier, v, to misuse, to ab\ise 

camarfer -ion, n & n/, misuse, mal- 
practice, abuse 

camargraff -iadau, n/, wrong or false 
iir;prcssion 

camarwain, v, to mislead 

camarweiniol, a, misleading 

camatal, v, to withhold wrongfully, to 
keep back by fraud (Jas. v. 4.) 

tcamas, cemeis, nf, walk, parade 

jcamawn, tcamon, monau, nf, conflict; 
cfimliat; tournanieiit 

tCamberaeg, nf, factitious for Cymraeg 

•fcambost, byst, n, buttress, prop, pillar 

tcambr, n, cambric 

cambren -nl, n, crooked stick; swingle- 
tree; horÌ7ontal piece of timber lor 
hanging meat, gambrel 

camchwarae, n, foul play, unfair 

dealing 

camder, camdra, n, crookedness 
cam-dosturi, n, misplaced pity 



CAM 

cam-drefn, n/, disorder, mismanagement 

camdreuliad, n, indigestion 

camdreulio, v, to mis-spend; to digest 
badly 

cam-drin, v, to ill-treat, to abuse 

camdriniaeth -au, nf, ill-treatment, 
abuse 

camdro, n, crookedness, perverseness 

camdroi, v, to pervert, to distort 

cam-dyb -iau, nf, erroneous opinion, 
error 

camdybus, a, wrong, erroneous, mis- 
deeming, mistaken (Matt, i., contents) 

camdyngu, v, to swear falsely, to for- 
swear 

camdyngwr, wyr, n, false swearer, per- 
jurer 

camdystiolaeth -au, nf, false witness 

camdystiolaethu, v, to bear false wit- 
ness 

camddarluniad -au, n, misrepresenta- 
tion 

earaddarlunio, v, to misrepresent 

camddeall, v, to misunderstand 

camddealltwriaeth, nf, misunderstand- 
ing, misapprehension 

camddefnydd, n, misuse 

camddefnyddio, v, to misuse 

camddywediad -au, n, what is wrongly 
said; misstatement 

oamddywedyd, v, to say wrong, to 
speak amiss 

camedd, n, bend, curvature 

cameg -au, nf, felly of a wheel (i Kings 
vii. 33) 

camel -od, n, camel 

camen -nau, nf, bend, curve, felly of a 
wheel; a bent one 

camenw -au, n, misnomer 

camenwi, v, to misname 

camfa, feydd, nf, stile 

camfarn -au, n, wrong judgment; 
error 

camfarnu, v, to misjudge 

camfucheddu, v, to live amiss (2 Chron. 
xxxvi. 14) 

camgarchariad, n, false imprisonment 

tcamglwm, n, a false knot 

camgoel -ion, nf, misbelief, heresy 

camgoelio, v, to misbelieve 

camgoflo, V, to recollect wrongly 

camgred -au, nf, misbelief, heresy 

camgredu, v, to misbelieve 

tcamg*!, n, penaltv, fine 

66 



CAM 



CAN 



camgyfrlf, v, to misreckon, to miscal- 
culate, to miscount 
oaragyhuddiad -au, n, false accusation 
camgyhuddo, v, to accuse falsely 
camgyhuddwr, wyr, n, false accuser 
tcamgylni, a, blameworthy, culpable, 

guilty, reprobate 
camgymeriad -au, n, mistake 
eamgymryd, eamgymeryd, v, to mistake, 

to err 
fcamhwrl, n, championship, valour 
camhyder, n, false confidence, pre- 
sumption 
camhysbysn, v, to misinform 
teamin, h, peregrine falcon 
camined, nf, iris, fleur-de-lis 
tcarnlad, teamlcd, n, camlet 
eamlas -au, lesydd, nf, trench, ditch; 

canal; channel 
camleoliad -au, n, misplacement 
camleoli, v, to misplace 
camliwio, V, to misrepresent 
tcamliiydd, h, perverse expedition 
tcamlwrw, lyryau, n, fine for injury 

(legal) 
tcamlyrus, a, liable to a fine, culpable, 

guilty 
camog -au, nf, felly of a wheel 
fcamon, nf. See camawn 
camp -au, nf, feat, exploit; game; trick; 

excellence, virtue, quality; prize 
campfa, feydd, nf, gymnasium (2 Mace. 

iv. 9, 12) 
campio, V, to strive at games ; to frolic, 

to gambol, to frisk, to caper 
tcampiwr, n=campwr 
campus, a, excellent, splendid, grand 
campwaith, weithiau, n, masterpiece 
campwr, wyr, n, champion 
tcampwri, n, championship 
camrau, np, steps (by confusion with 

camre) 
fcamre, n, step, footstep; course, 

journey 
oamri, n, camomile. Camri'r ctiin, 

stinking may-weed or camomile 
fcamrig, n, cambric 
tcararwy, n, wrong, oppression 
tcamrwysg, n & nf, tyranny, usurpation 
fcamryfyg, n, pride, presumption 
tcamryfygus, a. proud, presumptuous 
tcamse, «, chemise, tunic 
tcamsyberwyd, n, pride, presumption 
■oamsy niad -au, n, misconception, mistake 



camsyniaeth -au, nf & n, misconception, 

misapprehension, mistake, error 
camsynied, v, to misconceive, to mistake 
camsynioi, a, mistaken 
tcamsynnaeth, nf & n= camsyniaeth 
tcamsynnus, a, erroneous, wrong, false 
eamu, v, to bow, to bend, to stoop 
camu, V. to step, to stride 
camwedd -au, n, iniquity, transgression 
camweddog, camweddus, a, iniquitous, 

wrongful, wicked 
camweddu, v, to transgress 
camweddwr, wyr, n, transgressor 
camweithio, v, to work wrongly, to act 

faultily 
tcamwobr, nf, bribery, corruption 
tcamwr, tcamhwr, n, champion 
camwr, wyr, n, strider 
tcamwri, n, championship (camhwrl) 
camwri, n, injury; wrong 
camymddwyn, v, to misbehave 
camymddygiad -au, n, misconduct, mis- 
behaviour 
camystum -iau, n, distortion; cramped 
posture 

camystyr -on, nf. wrong sense 

can, canau, caniadau, caneuon, nf, song, 
poem, lay, strain. Ar gân, in verse, 
metrically 

can -iau, n, can, tin 

can (before noun), a, hundred=cant 

can, a, white: n, flour 

can, ad. as (wrongly for cyn) 

tcan, pr, with, by, of: c, because, for, 
since, as. .See gan 

Canaanead, aid, n, Canaanite 

Canaaneaidd, a, Canaanitish 

canan, nf, cannon 

tcanawl, n, groove, channel 

fcanawon, Ȕ^=cenawon 

canclwm, canclawdd, n, knotgras 

canclwyf, nf, moneywort 

canclymig, nf, sand strapwort 

cancr, n, canker; cancer 

cancro, v, to canker, to corrode 

candryll, a, shattered, wrecked; tat- 
tered 

tcanddeiriog, a. See cynddeiriog 

caneidrwydd, n, brilliancy, splendour 

caneitio, v, to brighten (of the moon) 

tcanel, n, cinnamon 

tcanel, n, kennel 

tcanel -au, n, faucet 

canewin, nf, orpine, livelong 
67 



(t^^^^^ . A i^AC»*.*^. 



CAN 



CAN 



eanfed, a, hundredth 
canfod, v, to behold, to perceive, to see 
canfyddadwy, a, perreptible 
canfyddiad -au, n, perception 
canfyddol, a, perceptive 
fcanhadu, ii=cenhadu 
■fcanhayawl, n, pelhtory of the wall 
■fcanhebrwng, v, to accompany, to lead, 
to conduct, to escort: n, funeral= 
cynhebrwng 
tcanhiadu, i-'=caniadu 
■fcanhorthwy, « = cynhorthwy 
tcanhorthwyodron, np, auxiharies 
canhwyllarn -au, ernau, erni, n, candle- 
stick, candleholder 
canhwyUbren -ni -nau, n & w/, candle- 
stick 
eanhwyllwr, wyr, canhwyllydd -ion, 

n, chandler, dealer in candles 
canhwyllyr -on, n, candlestick, chan- 
delier, candelabrum 
tcanhymdaith, v, to accompany 
tcanhymdaith, deithion, n, companion 
caniad, n, singing; ringing; crowing. 
— y ceiliog, cock-crowing, cock-crow 
caniad -au, n/, song, poem, canticle; 

canto 
tcaniad, n, licence, permission, leave, 

conge; consent 
caniadaeth, «/, singing, song; music; 

versification; psalmody 
tcaniadu, v= canu 
tcaniadu, v, to allow, to permit 
tcaniadur -iaid, m, singer, songster 
tcaniadwr, wyr, fcaniadydd -ion, n, 

singer 
eaniatâd, n, permission, leave, consent 
caniataol, a, permissive. Cymryd yn 

gaviaiaol, to take for granted 
caniatau, v, to permit, to allow 
caniedydd -ion, n. singer, songster 
canig -ion, «/, song, glee 
canlyn, i', to follow, to pursue 
eanlyniad -au, n, consequence; result, 

sequel; sequence 
eanlyniadol, a, consequential; resulting, 

resultant 
fcanlyniawdr, odron, n, follower, pur- 
suer, prosecutor 
canlynol, a, following; consequent 
canlynwr, wyr, canlynydd -ion, n, fol- 
lower; successor 
eanlynwraig, »/, follower; mistress 
tcanllaidd, tcanllaith, a, calm and mild 



eanllaw -iau, n/, handrail, rail, parapet, 
battlement; advocate (legal) 

canmlwyddiant, n, centenary 

canmol, v, to praise, to commend; n, 
praise, commendation 

canmoladwy, fcanmoledig, a, commend- 
able, praiseworthy 

canmoliaeth -au, «./, praise, commenda- 
tion, eulogy, compliment 

canmoliaethol, -us, a, commendatory, 
eulogistic, complimentary 

cannaid, a, white, bright, shining, bril- 
liant, luminous: nf, luminary; sun; 
moon 

tcannerth, n, support, succour 

cannu, v, to bleach, to whiten 

cannwr, pi. canwyr, n, bleacher 

cannwr, np, a hundred men 

cannwyll, hwyllau, n/, candle. Can- 
nwyil llygad, pupil of the eye. — yr 
arfar, great mullein. — corff, — gorff, 
corpse candle 

cannwyr, n & nf plane; a kind of ear- 
mark 

fcanol, n=canawl 

canol -au, n, middle, centre, midst; 
umpiret: a, middle 

canolbarth -au, n, middle part or region. 
('anoìbarth Atjrica. Central Africa 

canolbris -oedd, n, average price 

canolbwynt, tcanolbwnc, n, centre 

canolbwyntio, v, to centre, to concen- 
trate 

canoldir -oedd, n, inland region, midland. 
Môr y Canoldir, y Môr Canoldir, the 
Mediterranean Sea 

canolddydd. n, midday, noon 

canolfa, fâu, nf. canolfan -nau, n & nf, 
centre 

canolfur, n, middle wall; a dividing 
barrier (Eph. ii. 14) 

canolfys -edd, n, middle finger 

canollTo, a, centrifugal 

canolgyrch, a, centripetal 

eanoli, v, to centre, to centralize 

canolig, a, middling; middle, medium ; 
ordinary; mean, indifferent, neutral. 
Yn ganolig iawn, far from well 

canolog, a, middlemost, central 

canolraddol, a, intermediate 

canol wr, wy, n, mediator (in a dispute) 

canolydd -ion, n, middleman 

canon -au t-ydd, nf, rule, canon : -iaid^ 
n, canon 

68 



CAN 

canonaidd, a, canonical 

eanoneiddiad -au, n, canonization 

canoneiddio, v, to canonize 

canoniaeth -au, «/, canonry 

canonwr, wyr, n, canon, canonist 

canplyg, a, hundred-fold 

canrif -au -oedd, n/, century 

canrhi, nf, centaury 

canrhyg, n, mixed rye and wheat 

cans, c=canys 

cansen -nau -ni, nf, cane 

cant -au, n, orb, rim or verge of a 
circle; tyre; vault, dome 

cant, cannoedd, w, hundred. Deg y 
cant, ten per cent. 

cantafod, n, pellitory of the wall 

cantawd, odau, n/, cantata 

cantel -au, n, rim, brim 

eantell -au, nf, ring, circle 

eantigl -au, nf, canticle 

cantor -ion, n, singer; cantor, pre- 
centor 

cantores -au, nf, songstress, singer 

eantref -i -ydd, n, canton, hundred 

cantro, a, centuple 

cantroed, », centipede: a, centipedal. 
Neidr gantroed, centipede 

cantwr, orion, «, singer, songster 

cantwraig, nf, songstress, singer 

canu, V, to sing, to chant; to play 
music; to crow. — clock, to ring a 
bell. — corn, to blow a horn. — 'n 
iach, to bid tarewell. — offeren, to 
sing or say mass. — telyn, to play 
the harp 

canu -on -au, n, song; singing 

canwaith, ad & nf, hundred times 

tcanwelw, a, whitish, pale 

canwr, wyr, n. singer 

canwraidd, a, hundred-rooted: nf, what 
has a hundred roots. — las, ground- 
ivy. — Iwvd. mugwort 

canwriad, laid, n, centurion 

tcanwriaeth, nf, singing, minstrelsy 

tcanwyl, 17, horse's mask 

oanwyllyr, )! = canhwyllyr 

canwyro. v, to plane; to ear-mark sheep 

canwyrydd -ion, canwyrwr, wyr, n, 
planer 

tcanyddiaeth, nf, song, poesy 

tcanymdeithydd -ion, n, fellow-traveller 

teanymdo -ion, n, convoy, escort 

tcanymdoi, v, to convoy, to escort 

canys, c, because, for; since 



CAR 

cap -iau, n, cap, hood. Cay y lleian, 
titmouse 

capan -au, n, cap; cape, cope, mantle; 
lintel 

capel -i -au -ydd, n, chapel 

capelwr, wyr, n, chapel-goer; chaplaint 

tcapelydd -ion, n, chaplain 

capio, V, to cap, to bow, to cringe 

uaplan -iaid, n, chaplain 

caplaniaeth -au, nf, chaplaincy 

caprwn, ryniaid, n, capon, gelded cock 

tcaptaen, H=capten 

eapten -iaid, einiaid, », captain 

capte^i)niaeth, nf, captaincy, captain- 
sliip 

eapwllt, ylUiaid, n, capon, gelded cock. 
L ynffon y cay-.Ali, great wild valerian 

capwrn, yrniaid, n, capon, gelded cock 

car, ceir, n, car, trap; any light two- 
wheeled vehicle; raft; frame; drag. 
— yr en, the jawbone. — llusg, drag 
or sledge. — post, mail-cart 

car, ceraint, fcarant, n, friend; relation 

tcaradas, nf, amour, intrigue, liaison 

caran, n=garan 

tcarant, )!/?= ceraint 

carbwi, a, clumsy, awkward 

carbwncl, n, carbuncle, ruby 

tcarc, n, care, solicitude, anxiety 

carco, V, to take care 

carcus, a, solicitous, anxious, careful 

carchar -au, n, prison ; restraint; 
fetters. ( archar dvb> ,\s,c\xvizy dysury 

tcarcharbwU, n, dungeon 

carchardy, dai, n, prison-house 

carchares -au, )i/^carcharores 

carchariad, n, tcarcharedigaeth, ni, im- 
prisonment, incarceration, conhne- 
nient 

carcharor -ion, n, prisoner, captive 

carcharores -au, ni, prisoner 

carcharu, v, to imprison; to restrain; 
to fetter 

carcharwisg -oedd, nf, prison dress or 
garb; prison garments {2 Kings 
XXV. 29) 

tcarcharwr, wyr, «= carcharor 

cardail, n, car-dung; manure 

cardiau, np (-en, nf, S.W., cerdyn, n, 
N.W.), cards 

cardinal -iaid, n, cardinal 

cardio, v, to card 

cardiwr, wyr, n, card-player 

eardod -au, nf, charity, alms, dole 
69 



CAR 

cardodol, a, eleemosynary, charitable 
fcardodus, a, charitable 
cardodwyn, «=cardydwyn 
cardota, v, to beg 

•fcardotai, eion, nc, beggar, mendicant 
cardotes -au, nf, beggar-woman 
cardotyn, wyr, >t, beggar, mendicant 
cardydwyn, «, the youngest of a brood 

or litter: /. cardydwen 
tcardd, ceirdd, n, disgrace; exile: a, 

disgraced; enslaved 
•fcardden -nau, nf, thicket, brake 
■fcarddgoll, a, without reproach 
fcarddu, v, to enslave; to punish, to 

disgrace; to exile, to banish 
tcarddychwel, a, liable or allowed to 

return (legal) 
caredig, a, beloved, dear; loving; kind. 

caredigion, friends 
tcaredigol, a= caredig 
caredigrwydd, n, kindness 
tcaredd, n , sin, crime, transgression, fault 
tcareddfoes, a, licentious 
earegan, uf, stone, pebble (2 Sam. xvii. 1 3) 
tcaregl -au, cerygl, n, chalice, cup 
caregog, a, full of stones, stony, pebbly 
caregos, np, pebbles, small stones 
oaregu, v, to petrify, to (become) stone 
tcarelau, np, cordials, liquors 
carennydd, w, friendship; kindred, kin- 
ship 
cares -au, nf, female friend, kinswoman 
carfagl -au, nf, trap 
carf aglach, n, a feeble or clumsy person ; 

f>imbler, crock, sluggard 
carfaglog, a, clumsy 
carfaglu, v, to entrap, to ensnare 
carf an -au, nf, supporter; binder; 

stead; beam; rail; handle; row; ridge; 

side, party, faction, camp 
carfanu, v, to form (hay) into rows 
■fcarfen -ni, tif, car, cart, cliariot 
tcarfi! -od, n, cart-horse 
carfyl -od, », the auk 
fcargychwyn, a, moving, migrating, 

strolling, unsettled. Dyn cargychwyn, 

wanderer, vagabond (legal) 
cariad -au, n, love; affection; fcharity 
cariad -au -on, nc, lover, sweetheart 
cariadfab, n, lover 
cariadferch, nf, sweetheart, mistress 
cariadlawn, a, full of love; loving 
oariadol, oariadus, a, dear, beloved, lov- 
ing, endearing, caressing 



CAR 

cariadwledd -oedd, nf, love-feast, agape 
cariadwraig, nf, mistress, concubine 
carl (c) tor, n, character (cymeriad) 
cario, V, to carry, to bear. Cario'r 

dydd, to win the day 
carlwr, wyr, n, carrier 
cariwrch, fcarwiwrch, iyrchod, n, roe- 
buck 
tcarl -iaid, w, churl 
carlam -au, n, prance, gallop 
carlamiad -au, n, prancing, galloping 
carlamog, a, prancing, galloping 
carlamu, v, to prance, to gallop 
tcarlwng, « = carlwm 
carlwm, lymod, n, ermine, stoat 
tcarlwr, wyr, n, churl 
tcaillwyth, n, cart-load 
carllyd, a, amorous 
carmon, myn, n, lover, sweetheart 

(N.W.) 
earn -au f-eddawr, n, hoof; hilt, haft, 

handle. — yr ehol, coltsfoot. — yr 

ebol y gerddi, asarabacca. — yr ebol 

y môr, sea-bindweed 
earn -au, nf, heap, heap of stones; 

cairn, tumulus=carnedd 
cam-, px, arch-, notorious, arrant. 

Cam - fradiur, base traitor. Carn- 

leidr, notorious thief 
tcarnbwl, a=carbwl 
carnedd -au, nf, heap; mound, cairn, 

tumulus; heap of stones; groundsel 
carneddog, a, having stone heaps 
earneddu, v, to heap up stones 
carnen, nf, heap 
tcarnen, nf, wild sow 
t came win -edd, nf, forepart of a claw 
tcarngragen, a, shell-hoofed 
fcarnial, fcarnialu, v, to beat with the 

hoof; to prance 
earnog, a, hoofed, camogion, carnolion, 

hoofed animals, ungulata 
carnol, a, hoofed (Ps. Ixix. 31) 
carnu, v, to heap, to pile up 
carnwyllt, a, with furious pace 
carodyn, ;t=carwden 
carol -au, n & nf, carol; song 
caroli, V, to carol 
carolwr, wyr, n, caroller 
carp -iau, n, clout, rag 
carped -i -au, n, carpet 
carpedu, v, to carpet 
earpio, v, to tear to rags, to shred 
carpiog, a, ragged, tattered 
70 



CAR 

earrai, careiau, «/, lace, thong 

carreg, cerrig, nf, stone, rockf. — ateb, 
— lefain, — lafar, echo stone. — dan, 
flint. — farch, horse-block. — fedd, 
tombstone. — las, slate; sulphate 
of copper. — nadd, freestone. — y 
tostedd, calculus. Cerrig haearn, iron- 
stone, iron-ore 

fcarrog, nf, brook, stream, torrent 

carsiwn, M=garsiwn 

cart, ceirt, «, cart, wain 

tcart, nf, chart 

cartref -i -ydd, n, home, abode. Gar- 
tref, at home 

cartrefig, a, domestic, homely 

cartrefle -oedd, n, abode 

cartreflu -oedd, n, militia, trainband 

cartref ol, a, domestic, homely; home. 
Rhyfel cartrefol, civil war 

cartrefu, v, to make one's home, to 
dwell; to make oneself at home; to 
settle 

cartrefwisg, nf, home garment, home 
dress 

earth -ion, n, hemp; tow, oakum; off- 
scouring 

tearthben, n, candle-wick 

earthbren -ni, n, plough staff 

cartheig, nf, nipplewort 

earthen -ni, nf, sheet of coarse cloth; 
winnowing-sheet 

tcarthglwyd -i, nf, dung-barrow 

carthion, np, offscouring; excrements: 
refuse; filtli 

earthly n -nau, n, cathartic, purgative 

carthu, v, to scour, to cleanse, to purge; 
tf' clean out. Carthu gwddf, to clear 
one's throat 

oarthwr, wyr, n, cleanser, scavenger 

earu, v, to love; to like; to court 

caruaidd, a, loving, endearing, kind, 
affectionate 

carueiddrwydd, earueiddwch, n, kind- 
ness, love, affection, affectionateness 

tcarueiddserch, «, affection, love 

carw, ceirw, n, deer, hart, stag. Carw'r 
dwfr, water spider 

carwas, n, caraway 

earwden -ni, nf, back-chaui, ndge-band; 
a tall awkward fellow 

tcarwel, nf, caravel, carvel 

carwlys, carllys, w, hartwort 

carwr, wyr, n, lover, wooer; kinsman! 

carwriaeth -au, nf, courtship 



CAS 

carwriaethol, a, pertaining to courtship 

cas, i; = cafas 

cas, n, case; (book) cover. — llythyr, 
envelope 

cas, a, hated, hateful, odious, unkind, 
nasty, disagreeable. Cas gan arddwr, 
rest-harrow. — gan bladurwr, mat- 
grass. — gan fursen, hemp. — gan 
gythraul, common vervain. — gennyf 
I hate 

cas, n, enmity, hatred, hate, aversion; 
envyt 

cas -eion, n, hater, object of hate, foe, 
enemy 

casbeth -au, n, aversion; nuisance 

easddyn, n, one who hates or is hated 
(Ps. Iv. 12) 

caseg, eesig, nf, mare. — eira, large 
snowball. — fagu, — rwys, — 
rewys, brood mare. — forter, hod. 
— y ddrycin, fieldfare. — wanwyn, 
woodpecker 

casg -iau, nf, cask 

casged -au, nf, casket 

casgen -ni, casglau, nf, cask 

casgennaid, eneidiau, nf, caskful 

casg] -ion, n & nf, collection, heap 

casgliad -au, n, collection; gathering; 
inference, conclusion 

casgliadol, a, collective; inferential, il- 
lative 

casglu, V, to collect, to gather, to ac- 
cumulate; to infer 

casglwr, wyr, casglydd -ion, n, collector, 
gatlierer 

cashau, v, to hate, to detest, to abhor 

cashawr, wyr, n, hater 

casineb, n, hatred, enmity 

casio, V, to bind (a book) 

tcasmai, en, ornaments 

casnach, np, nap of cloth; fluff, flocks 

tcasnar, n, prince, lord 

casnod, np (-yn, nf), flocks of wool; fili- 
gree; slime 

tcasnori, v, to persecute 

casog -au, nf, cassock 

tcasog -ion, n, hated one, foe, enemy 

fcasogen, nf, hateful one 

cast -iau, n, trick, vice, knack. Castiau 
hug (ẁîíí/), legerdemain 

castan -au, nf, chestnut 

castanwydd, np (-en, nf), cliestnut- 
trees 

eastell, cestyll, n, castle, fortress 
71 



C^a-. 



JLgŴA^ fe ^^^^, ^^^^ 



CAS 



CAW 



castellog. a, castled, castellated 
tcastelltref, fcastelldref, >i/, castle 
castellu, V, to castle, to encamp; to 

fortify; to spread out (feathers) 
eastellwr, wyr, n, castellan, castellwyr, 

garrison 
castio, V, to play tricks, to cheat 
castiog, a, full of tricks, tricky 
castiwr, wyr, n, trickster 
tcastr, n/, penis 
casul -au, n, chasuble; cloak 
caswaith, n, disagreeable work 
caswenwyn, n, devil's bit scabious 
caswir, n, unpalatable truth 
cat -iau, n, bit, piece, fragment. 1 orri 
<7 yn gatiau, to break in or to pieces 

, 1 cataid, eidiau, n, pipeful, pipe 

tcatäu, V, to array itself (of an army) 
tcatbais, beisiau, nf, coat of mail 
cateceisio, v, to catechize 
cateceisiwr, wyr, n, catechizer, catechist 
catecism -au, n, catechism 
catel, en, cattle; chattelf 
tcaten, nf, maiden (fem. of cetyn) 
tcateri, fcaterw, np (-en, nf), spreading 

oaks 
tcateyrn -edd, ;;, commander-in-chief 
tcatffer, a, strong in battle, sturdy 
catflwl, ITyliaid, n, nuniskull, wiseacre 
eatgamlan, «, rout, riot, tumult, con- 
fusion (Cad Gamlan) 
catgi, gwn, n, dog of war; mastiff 
eatgor -au -iau. «, solemn festival; fast. 

Wythno^ y Calgoriau, Ember Week 
fcatgordd -au, n, troop of soldiers 
catgorn, gyrn, n, horn of battle 
tcatgun, n, war chief; brave warrior 
catgyrch -au, n, military expedition; 

invasion ; campaign 
catgyrchu, v, to march to battle; t<j 

make an expedition ; to invade 
fcatortod, «, cf)nflict 
catrawd, trodau, nf, regiment 
eatrodi, v, to form into regiments 
catrodol, n, regimental 
tcatwrdd, yrddod, n, ram with un- 
descended testicles; numskull 
tcatyrfa -oedd, nf, army; 100,000 
cath -od -au f-ed, nf, cat. — Balitg, an 
animal mentioned in Welsh legend. 

— fnch, kitten. — for, ray, skate 

— goed, wild cat 
eathaidd, a, like a cat. feline 
cathderica, catherica, v, to caterwaul 



tcathefrach, v=cathewrach 
catherig, a, caterwauling 
cathes -au, nf, she-cat 
tcathewrach, v, to irritate; to molest 
cathl -au, fcethlydd, nt, melodv, hvmn, 

lay 
cathiaidd, a, melodious, tuneful 
cathlu, V, to sing, to hymn; to chirp 
catholig, n, catholic 
Catholigiaeth, nf, Catholicism 
catholigrwydd, n, catholicity 
Catholigydd -ion, n. Catholic 
tcathrain, tcathren, v. See cethrain 
tcathrëwr, wyr, n, ox-driver, goader 
cau, V, to shut, to close, to enclose; to 
cover; to hedge; to clasp, to buckle, 
to lace (boots) ; to concludef 
cau, ceuoedd, n, hollow, vacuum 
cau, a, hollow, concave; shut, enclosed 
cauad, !'=caead 
caul, ceulion, n, maw; rennet; curd; 

chyle 
cauwr, »=caewr 

fcaw -iau, n, band, wrapper. Bardd 
caw, graduated bard. Car caw, rela- 
tive in the ninth degree. cawiau, 
swaddling-bands (Wisdom vii. 4) 
eawad-au, edydd, n/, shower. Cawad 

niit'l, a mist 
cawci, iod, n & nf, jackdaw 
cawdel, n, hotch-potch, mess (' caudle ') 
cawdelu, v, to make a mess of 
fcawdd, coddion, n, anger, wrath, dis- 
pleasure; offence; msult; trouble 
cawelî, cewyll, n, hamper, basket; creel; 
pannier; cage; cradle. — ■ cimwch, 
lobster-pot. — ■ saethaii, quiver 
cawellaid, eidiau, );, lianipertul 
cawellu, V, to put in a cawell ; to cradle 
cawellwr, wyr, n, basket-maker 
cawg iau, n, basin, bowl, pitclier 
cawgaid, eidiau, n, basinful, pitcherful 
cawgen, nf, dim. of cawg 
cawio, V, to bind, to tie flies (for fishing) 
cawl, n, pottage; broth; soup, gruel; 

hotchpotch. Cawl brag, beer 
tcawl, en (-en, nfS, cabbage. — Ffrengig, 
French colewort. — swyllt, wild 
colewort. — y môr, — y graig, sea- 
cabbage 
cawn, np (-yn, n, -en, nf), reeds, stalks; 
reed-grass. Cawnen, bur-reed. Cawnen 
ddit, mat-grass 
cawna, v, to gather reeds 



U^íU^ ^^U*i^n.fiu^* 



CAW 



CEFF 



eawod -ydd -au, nf, shower; chill; rash, 
eruption. — ar goed, blight on trees. 

— o wynt, gust of wind 
cawodi, V, to shower, to rain 
cawodog, a, showery 

cawr, cewri, ceuri, n, giant; mighty man 

cawraidd, a, gigantic; mighty 

cawrchwil -od, nf, bullchafer 

cawres -au, nf, giantess 

eawrCl -od, n, elephant 

eaws, n & en (cosyn, n), cheese ; curd. 

— llyffant, toadstool. — llyffant 
draencg, hedgehog mushroom 

cawsa, I', to gather cheese 

tcawsai, eion, n, cheese-beggar 

tcawsai. n & nf, causeway, causey 

eawsaidd, a, cheesy, caseous 

eawsellt -au, n, cheese-vat 

cawfio, cawsu, t, to turn to cheese, to 

curd, to curdle 
eawfi'g, (7, curdled 
eawsicp, np, curds curdings 
cawslfstf -i, w, checseinould 
eawswasg -au, nf, cheese-press 
eawswr, wyr, n, cheesemonger 
cebystr -au, n, tether, halter, rope; 

part of plough. Llwyth y cebystr, 

crackhemp, scoundrel 
cebystru, i;, to halter, to lasso 
cecian, v, to stammer, to stutter 
eeer, n, cecraeth, nf, brawl, wrangling 
cecren -nod, nf, shrew, scold 
cecru, V, to wrangle, to bicker 
cecrus, a, cantankerous, quarrelsome 
cecryn -nod, n, wrangler, brawler 
eecys, np ( -en, nf), hollow stalks: 

hemlock 
ced -ion, uf, bountv, favour, gitt, 

guerdon, boon; relief; tribute, tax 
ceden -au, nt, shaggy hair, nap 
cedenog, a, shaggy, hairy 
cedenu, v, to make shaggy 
tcedernid, tcedernyd, H=cadernid 
tcedfawr, a, bountiful; lavish 
tcedig, a, laden with gifts 
tcedny, np (cadno, n), foxes 
tcedol, a, bounteous, generous 
eedor -au, nf, pubic hair. Cedoivrack, 

Cedor y wrach, burdock, burr 
eedorfa, nf, the pubes 
cedorwydd, en, giant fennel 
cedowydd, cedowys, en, flea-bane 
cedr, en, cedar. Coed cedr, cedar-trees; 
cedar-wood 



cedr-waith, n, cedar-work (Seph. ii. 14, 
cedrwydd, np (-en, nf), cedar-trees, 

cedar-wood, cedars 
tced-rwydd, a, liberal, bountiful 
cedw, n, mustard. Cedw gwyllt, lield 

mustard, charlock 
tcedwein, v, to keep 
tcedymdeithas, «/=cydymdeithas 
cedyrn, np, strong or mighty ones 
cedys, np (-en, nf), faggots, bundles 
ceddw, n=cedw 

cefn -au, n, back; ridge; garden bed; 
second; support, stay. Tu cefn, 
behind. Cefn nos, dead of night 
tcefnant, aint, n, support; third cousin 
cefnbant, a, saddle-backed 
cefnbelthyn -au, en, ridge-tiles 
cefndedyn, n, the mesentery 
cefnder, fcefnderw, dyr, n, first cousin 
cefndres -i, nf, bnck-chain 
cefndwD, a, broken-backed 
tcefndderchu, v, to raise the back 
cefnen -nau, nt, gently-rising hill ; ridge 
cefnen -nau, ni, night-line 
eefnfor -oedd, n, the mam sea, ocean 
cefnfro, nf, shore above high-water 

mark 
tcefnflordd, nf, Iii^hway, higli road 
cetn?etn, ad, back to back 
cefngrwba, a, hunch-backed 
cefngrwca, a, crook-backed 
cefngrwm, ii, hump-backed 
tcefnllif, n, high flood, deluge, torrent 
cefnllwm, a, bare-backed 
cefnllwyth, n, back-load 
cefnog, a, well off, well-to-do ; coura- 

geousf, stoutf 
cefnogaeth, nf, encouragement, support 
cefnogi, V, to back, to support, to en- 
courage 
cetnogol, a, encouraging 
cefnogrwydd, n, courage, pluck 
cefnogwr, wyr, n, encourager, sup- 
porter 
cefnraff -au, nf, back-band, ridge-band 
cefnu, V, to turn the back to back. 

Cefnu ar . to forsake, to desert 
cefnwden -ni, nf, ridge-band 
cefnysgrifio, v, to endorse (cheques) 
tcefynt, ;i=cefn 

ceffyl -au, «, horse, steed. — adara, 
— adarwr, — brethyn, — cynfas, 
stalking-horse. — haearn, bii ycle 
ceffylaidd, a, horsy 

7^ 



CEG 

oeg -au, nf, throatf; mouth; opening, 
orifice 

eega, v, to motith ; to prate 

eegaid, eidiau, nf, mouthful 

eegddu, «, the hake fish 

ceges -au, nf, blab, telltale 

tcegfawr, a, large-mouthed; gaping 

cegid, np (-en, nf), hemlock. Cegiden 
y dvbr, horsebane. — fenyw, cow- 
parsley. — wen, sweet cicely 

cegid -au, nf, green woodpecker 

eegfn -au, nf, kitchen 

ceginiaeth, nf, cookery, cuisine 

tceginwrych, n, agitation, trepidation; 
rippling 

cegoer, a, cold-mouthed or -throated 
[celain gegoer) 

cegog, a, mouthy; garrulous, loose- 
tongued; abusive 

cegrwth, a, wide-mouthed ; gaping 

eegrythu, v, to open the mouth wide 

eegu, V, to mouth; to gorge, to glut; 
t..' throttle, to strangle 

cegwm, II, blab, telltale 

eegyr, m, hemlock. — mawr, water 
hemlock 

cengl -au, nf, band; girth; hank 

eengliedydd -ion, cenglwr, wyr, n, reeler 

eenglo, i'=cenglu 

cenglog, a, reeled; in hanks; striped 

eenglu, v, to hank; to girth; to wind 

cenglyn -ion, n, bandage 

oei, n, quay 

oeian, nf, pink 

tceibedig, a, dug, tilled 

ceibio, V. to pick with a pickaxe; to dig, 
to delve; to hoe 

eeibiwr, wyr, n, worker with caib; 
common labourer; navvy; tumbler 

ceibr -au, ceibren -ni, nt. rafter, beam, 
joist 

oeidwad, aid, n, keeper, custodian; 
preserver, saviour: nf. sa^e, salvia 

oeidwadaeth, nf, conservatism; con- 
servation; custody, keeping, con- 
servancy, charge; observance 

eeidwades -au, nf, conservatrix 

ceidwadol, a, conservative 

Ceidwadwr, wyr, n, Conservative 

ceidwadwy, a, preservable, salvable 

tceifn -aint, n, third cousin 

tceingiell, nf, wand 

ceiliagwydd -au, n, gander 

teeilio, V, to fold, to pen 



CEl 

eeiliog -od, n, cock, male bird. — aradr, 
the bridle of a plough, ^coed, cock 
pheasant. — gwynt, weathercock. 
— hivyaden. drake. — mwyalch, 
blackbird. — neidy, basilisk, —rhed- 
yn, grasshopper 

ceiliogi, V, to tread, to impregnate 

ceiliogyn, n, cockerel 

ceilys, n, pink 

ceilys, np {-yn, n), ninepins, skittles 

tceilliog, a, with testicles, entire 

tceimiad, iaid, n, mate, companion; 
wanderer, pilgrim; foot-soldier 

ceimwch, n. See cimwch 

ceinach -od, ych, nf, hare 

tceinadaeth, nf caniadaeth 

ceinber, a, sweet 

ceincio, v, to branch, to ramify 

ceinciog, ceinciol, a, branchy, branching 

ceindeg, a, fair, fine, elegant 

ceinder, n, elegance; beauty 

ceinfalch, a, ostentatious, gorgeous 

tceiniad -on, iaid, n, singer, chanter 

tceiniaäaeth, «/= caniadaeth 

teeinio, v, to survey; to perceive 

ceinioca, v, to gather pence; to beg 

ceinioebwys, n, pennyweight 

celniocwr, wyr, n, pence-gatherer, col- 
lector, beggar 

ceiniog -au, nf, penny 

ceinioglys, », moneywort 

ceiniogwerth -au -i (usually pron. cneg- 
werth), nf, pennyworth 

ceinion, np, ornaments, jewels; beauties, 
gems; first draught of liquor (legal) 

ceinlly, nf, kestrel, hawk 

tceinmyg, a, splendid, honourable 

tceinmyged -au, ;;/, essential; reverence; 
honour; subject, theme 

tceinmygu, v, to honour, to extol 

ceintach -au, nf, quarrel, brawl, scufHe 

ceintach, v, to quarrel, to brawl, to 
scuffle; to grumble, to croak 

ceintachlyd, a, querulous 

ceintachwr, wyr, n. grumbler, croaker 

tceintiach, »/= ceintach 

tceinwalch, n, fine hawk; noble hero 

ceinwen, a/, splendidly white 

ceinwiw, a, illustrious 

ceinwych, a, beautiful, elegant, gor- 
geous 

ceirch, n & en, oats, oat 

ceirchen, nf, ceirchyn, n, grain of oats 

ceirchwellt, n, oat-grass 

74 



_CEI 

ceirioes, ceirios, np (-en, nf), cherries 
eeisbwl, byliaid, n, catchpole, bailiff 
eeisiad, iaid, tiadon, n, seeker; inquisi- 
tor; extortioner; sergeant (Acts xvi. 

38); bailiff 
oeisiedydd -ion, «, seeker; applicant 
ceisio, V, to seek, to ask; to try, to 

attempt, to endeavour; to apply; to 

fetch, to get 
eeisiwr, wyr, n, seeker, applicant 
ceislen -ni, nf, application form 
ceitlen -ni, nf, smock 
tceith, a, pi. of caeth 
tceithawr, n, janitor, sentry, guard 
ceithio, V, to confine=caethu 
toeithiw, n, captivity 
eel, a, hidden, concealed, secret 
eel, celydd, n, hiding, concealment, 

shelter; bower. Dan gel. in secret, 

secretly 
eel, n, keel 

teel, «, horse, nag, hobby (S.W.) 
eelain, pL eelanedd, whence a new 

plural, celaneddau, has been formed, 

nf, carcase, corpse, dead body. Yn 

farm gelain, stone-dead 
eelanedd, en, carnage, slaughter (Acts 

ix. I) 
oelc -au, n, concealment; hoard 
celcio, celcu, v, to conceal, to secrete; 

to steal, to pilfer, to embezzle 
feeldy, dai, n, arbour, bower 
•fcelefrad, fcelyfrad, «, celebration 
teelefrydd, en, stubble 
celefyn, n, stalk, stem (dim. of ealaf) 
celf -au, nf, art; mystery; craft. C«Z/ 

a gwyddor, art and science. Celfau 

{celfyddydau) cain, fine arts 
teelfan -nau, nf, place of retreat 
celfi, np, tools, instruments; furniture; 

trifles. — min, edged tools 
celfydd, a, skilled, skilful 
celfyddgar, a, ingenious; artistic 
celfydd waith, n, work of art or skill 
celfyddwr, wyr, >i, artificer, artist 
celfyddyd -au -on, nf, art; skill; craft 
celfyddydol, a, artificial 
celfl -i, n, stock, pillar 
tcelffaint, einiau, n, stock, stump 
tcelfleinio, v. to dry up, to grow stiff 
celgar, a, secretive 
eelgarwch, n, secretiveness 
fcelgwr, »!, dissembler 
eêl-gyfarfod -ydd, n, conventicle 



CBN 

feelyfrad, n. See celetrad 

■fCeli, n. Heaven, God, for Duw Cell, 

Deus Cceli, the God of Heaven 

celpan, nf, slap, buffet 

celsan, n, kelson, keelson 

Celt -iaid, n, Celt 

Celtaidd, Celtig, a, Celtic 

Celteg, nf, Celtic 

celu, V, to hide, to ccnceal 

celwrn, yrnau, n, tub, bucket, pail; 
' barrel ' (i Kings xvii. 12) 

celwydd -au, n, lie, falsehood, un- 
truth 

celwyddgar, a, mendacious 

celwyddgi, gwn, n, liar 

eelwyddo, v, to lie, to tell lies 

eelwyddog, a, lying, mendacious, false 

celwyddwr, wyr, n, liar 

celyn, np (-nen, nf), holly. — Mair, 
— Ffrainc, knee-holly, butcher's 
broom. — briih, variegated holly 

celynrog, a, having holly : ♦»/, holly 
grove 

celyrnaid, eidiau, n, tubful, pailful 

cell -oedd -au, nf, cell, chamber; 
grovet; arbourt 

celli, lau, nf, grove; bower 

tcelllwig, nf, wood, forest 

cellog, a, celled, chambered 

tcellt -au, nf, flint, flint-stone 

cellwair, weiriau, n, sport, joke, fun; 

levity 
cellwair, cellweirio, v, to sport, to joke, 
to jest; to tease, to taunt; to trifle; 
to scofff. to raockf 

cellweirgar, cellweiriol, cellweirus, a, 
playful, jocular, jesting 

cellweiriwr, wyr, n, jester, trifler 

cemi, n, crookedness, wryness; bend, 
curvature 

tcemys -au, n, chemise, tunic 

cemyw -ion, n, male salmon 
cen, en, skin, peel, scales, scurf, film; 
lichen, liverwort. Cen y cerrig, lep- 
rous liverwort. Cen y coed, lichen 

cenadwri, lau, nf, message 
tcenadwriaeth -au, nf, message, tidings 

(2 Sam. xviii. 22) 
tcenatàu, v, to allow, to permit; to 
send a message or messenger; to 
serve as messenger 
cenau, ceneu, p'. csnawon, fcanawon, 
n, offspring; cub, whelp, puppy; ras- 
cal;sciont. Cenawon cy//,liazel catkins 
75 



CEN 

eenaw -on, «, factitious for cenau 
cenawes -au, nf, she-cub; vixen (said 

of a woman) 
oenedl, hedloedd, nf, nation, kindred, 

tribe; gender; kind, variety, sort, 

species, y Cenhedloedd, the Gentiles. 

ty Cenhedloedd Duon, Danes, Scan- 
dinavians 
cenedlaetbol, a, national 
cenedlaetholdeb, n, nationality 
cenedlaetholi, v, to nationalize 
cenedlaetholwr, wyr, n, nationalist 
oenedlddyn -ion, u, sentile 
cenedledig, a, begotten 
cenedlgarol, a, patriotic 
cenedlgarwch, n, nationalism; patriot- 
ism 
tcenel, >i/=cenedl 
eenfaint, tcenfain, feiniau, feinoedd, nf, 

herd; swarmf; multitudef; congrega- 

tiont; conventt 
cenflgen -nau, nf, envy, jealousy 
oenflgennu, v, to envy, to grudge 
eenflgennus, cenfigenllyd, a, envious, 

jealous 
tcenfor, n = cefnfor 
cenffro, nf. See cefnfro 
cenhadaeth, cenadaethau, nf, embassy, 

mission 
tcenhadiad, n, permission 
cenhadol, a, missionary 
cenhaduj v, to permit, to allow; to send 
cenhadwr, hadwyr, hadon, n, missionary 
cenhaty, tai, «, mission-house 
cenhedlaeth, edlaethau, nf, generation; 

nationf, peoplef, kindredf, familyf, 

oflspringt 
eenhedlaldd, a, gentile, heathen 
cenhedliad, n, procreation, generation 
cenhedlig, a, ethnic, gentile, pagan 
cenhedlu, v, to beget, to generate, to 

procreate 
cenlli goch, nf, hawk, kestrel (ceinlly) 
cenlüf, n, high flood, torrent, deluge 
cenllysg, np & en (-en, nf), hailstones, 

hail 
cenna, v, to gather lichen (cen) 
cennad, hadau, hadon, nf, messenger; 

ambassador; missionary 

eennad, nf, permission, leave; messagef 

eennin, np ([hjinen, nf), leeks. — 

eu'iiwg, garlic. — y brain, wild 

hyacinth. — gwinwydd, — Pedr, 

daffodil. — seifys, chives 



CER 

tcennis, v def, aor. s. 3, ruled 

cennog, a, scaly, scurfy 

cennu, v, to scale, to scurf 

tcenol, H=eanol 

cêr, cnf, tools; furniture; gear, tackle. 
Yr hen gêr, the old rubbish (of per- 
sons and things) 

tcer, pr, near, close by^ger 

ceraint, np, relatives, kindred 

cerbyd -au, n, chariot, coach, carriage, 
conveyance 

cerbydres -i, nf, railway train 

cerbydwr, wyr, n, charioteer, coachman 

cerbyty, tai, n, coach-house 

cerch, ra=ceirch 

cerdin, np (-en, nf). See cerddin 

tcerdod, «/=cardod 

cerdyn, cardiau, n, card 

cerdd -i -au, fcyrdd, nf, artf; craftf; 
art of poetry ; piece of poetry or 
of music; music, song, poem. — an- 
nerch, epistolary poem ; poetical 
epistle. — dafod, poetic song ; poetry. 
— dannau, — aruiest, instrumental 
music. — hanes, epic poem = hanes- 
gerdd 

cerddber, a, melodious, tuneful 

cerdded, v, to walk; to go; to travel: 
-au, n, going, pace, motion; plight. 
Ar gerdded, moving, travelling, going 
on 

cerddediad, n, walking, going; walk; 
step, pace 

tcerddedor -ion, n, sojourner, wayfarer 

tcerddedrwydd, n, pedestrianism 

tcerddedwr, wyr, n, walker, traveller 

cerddgar, a, harmonious, musical 

fcerddglyd, a, famed in song 

cerddin, np (-en, nf), rowan, nioimt.iin 
ash 

tcerddoliad, cerddolion, n, lainstrel 

cerddor -ion, n, singer, musician, min- 
strel 

cerddores -au, nf, feminine of cerddor 

cerddorfa, feydd, nf, orchestra 

cerddoriaeth, nf, music, minstrelsy 

cerddorol, a, musical 

fcerddwr, n= cerddor 

cerddwr, wyr, n, walker 

tcerddwriaeth, >!/= cerddoriaeth 

tcerennydd, «=carennydd 
tcerenyddus, a, friendly 

cerf, n, carving, sculpture 

cerfddelw -au, nf, graven image, statue 
76 



CER 



eerflad -au, n, carving; sculpture; 

figuring 
cerfiadaeth, «/, carving; sculpture 
eerfiedig, a, graven, carved, sculptured 
cerfiedydd -ion, r., sculptor 
cerfio, V, to carve, to sculpture, to grave, 

to engrave 
cerfiwr, wyr, n, carver, sculptor 
cerflun -lau, n, piece of sculpture; 

statue; engraving 
cerfluniaeth, »;/, sculpture 
cerflunydd, wyr, n, sculptor 
cerfwaith, n, carving, sculpture 
cerfysgrif -au, «/, inscription 
ceri, tip (cerien, «/), medlars; ker- 
nels 
ceriach, np, odds and ends, trifles 
cerlyn, n, miser, hunks, churl 
cern -au, «/, side of the head; cheek, 

jaw 
cernen -nau, ttf, slap, smack, buSet 
tcernhep -iau, k, buffet 
tcernhepio, v, to buffet 
cernod -iau, nf, buffet 
cernodio, v, to buflet 
cernodiwr, wyr, n, bufíeter, striker, 

smiter 
Cernywaidd, a, Cornish 
Cernyweg, nf, Cornish 
cerpyn, «, clout, rag 
cerrig, n, pi. of carreg 
cerrynt, n, current, watercourse 
tcersi, n, kersey 
cert -i, nf, cart 
certiwr, wyr, n, carter 
certwain, weiniau, certwyn -i, nf, cart, 

wain ('cart-wain ') 
certh, a, evident, imminent, sharp, 

keen; awful, terrible, intense, severe, 

violent 
cerub -iaid, n, cherub 
tcerwydd, n, cant' hydd 
cerwyn -i, nj, ti;b; vat; winepress 

(Rev. xiv. 19) 
cerwynaid, eidiau, «/, tubful 
cerydd -on, «, correction, chastisement, 

punishment; rebuke, reproof, repri- 
mand, censure 
tceryddfa, nf, correction, reproof 
ceryddgar, a, reproving, censorious 
ceryddol, a, chastising, chastening 
ceryddu, v, to correct, to chastise, to 

punish; to rebuke, to reprove 
tceryddus, a, reprobate, reprehensible 



CEU 

ceryddwr, wyr, n, chastiser; rebuker 
cesail, eiliau, nf, arm-pit; bosom 
cesair, np & en (ceseiren, nf), hailstones, 

hail (Ecclus. xlvi. 6) 
ceseilaid, eidiau, nf, armful, bundle, 

batch 
ceseilwrn, yrnau, n, burden that may- 
be carried under the arm, bundle 
ceseirio, v, to shower hail, to hail 
cest -au, nf, receptacle; belly, paunch; 

narrow-mouthed basket 
cestog, a, corpulent 
cestyn, n, trick, prank, escapade 
tcetog -au, nf, bag; a bulging basket 
cetyn, catiau, n, piece, bit, scrap; pipe; 

space, while 
cethern, cnf, fiends, furies 
cethin, a, dun, dusky; hard, severe, 

austere, unyielding; hideous, ugly, 

savage 
cethino, v, to darken; to scowl, to 

lower; to grow ugly 
cethinrwydd, n, severity, austerity 
cethlydd -ion, n, singer, warbler: ;;/, 

the cuckoo 
tcethr -au -i, n, spike, nail, prick (Num. 

xxxiii. 55) 
fcethrain, v, to drive, to goad; to lead; 

to drive the plough; to drive oxen. 

Also cathrain, cathren 
tcethren, nf, spike, nail; spear 
cethrin, a, piercing; horrid 
tcethrol, n, auger 
cethru, v, to drive nails, to pierce, t . 

goad 
icethw, n, mustard 

tceubal -au, n, ferry-boat, skiff; pauncb 
fceubalfa, nf, ferry 
ceubont -ydd, nf, tubular bridge 
ceubren -ni -nau, n, hollow tree 
ceubwll, byliau, n, pit, hollow pit 
ceudod, toeudab, fceudeb, n, hollow, 

cavity; belly, abdomen, viscera; 

heart, bosom 
eeudwll, dyllau, n, cavity; cavern; 

crater 
ceudyllog, a, cavernous 
ceuddrws, ddrysau, n, trap-door, hatch 
ceuedd, n, hollow, cavity; recess 
ceufad -au, n, canoe 
tceufawr, a, yawning 
ceufedd, n, grave (poet.) 
ceuiur, n, sea (pcet ) 
ceuffordd, Oyrdd, nf, tunnel 
77 



CEU 

ceufTos -ydd, nf, drain, ditch; 'deep 

pit ' (I's. cxl. lO) 
tceugant, n, vacuity; infinity 
jceugant, a, certain, sure 
ceulad, ti, coagulation 
ceulaidd, a, like curds, curdy 
ceulan -nau, lennydd, nf, bank, brink 
eeule -oedd, n, hollow, cavity 
ceuled, n, rennet 
ceuleden, n, curd 
ceulfraen, n, curds 
ceullwyd, «, jelly 
ceulo. V, to coagulate, to curdle 
ceunant, nentydd, n, ravine, gorge 
tceunos, n, dead of night 
ceuol, a, hollow, tubulsir 
cewyn, cawiau, n, clout, bandage 
ei, cŵn, n, dog, hound. Ci coeg, — 

fnôr, dog-fish 
claidd, a, dog-like, houndish, inhuman; 

cruel, brutal 
cib -au, n, cup, receptacle; seed-vessel; 

pod, husk 
tcib, nf, coffer, chest; brim 
tcibairi, eidiau, n, cupful 
Cibrtdall, a, purblind, dim-sighted, dull 
tcibedrychiad, n, glance 
eibellyn, cibeilys, n, chive garlic 
cibo, V, to knit the brows; to frown; 

to scowl 
cibjg. a, scowling 
tcibus, np, kibes, chilblains 
cibwst, nf, chilbbins, kibes 
cibyn, n, cup; follicle; half a bushel. 

Cibyn wy, eeg-shell 
cibynnaid, eidiau, n, half a bushelful 
cic -iau, n, kick *" |- * 
tciea, V, to hunt or beg for flesh 
cicio, V, to kick 

ciconia, M, stork (Ps. civ. 17) (Lat.) 
tcicwr, wyr, n, tootman, foot-soldier 
Cldl, n, kettle, cauldron, pot (S.W.) 
tuidwm, ymod, n, wolf: /. cidymes 
jcidws. ysod, nf, goat 
cidyll, « = cudyll 
cidys, np (-en, nf), faggots 
cieidd-dra, n, houndishness, brutality 
cig oedd, w, flesh; flesh-meat. ■ — bras, 

— gwyn, — tew, fat meat. — cock, 
lean meat. — dnfad, — llwiin, — 
maharen, mutton. — eidion, beef. 

— Iddew, asafoetida. — llo, veal. 

— mariv, proud flesh. — tnoch, pork, 
bacon 



CII._ 

tcigagl, a, dirty, soiled, draggled 

clgdy, dai, n, shambles; butcher's shop 

eigfa -oedd, nf, shambles; meat-market 

cigfach -au, n, flesh-hook 

cigfran, frain, nf, raven, carrion-crow 

cigladd, n, carrion 

tcigleu, V, (I or he) heard 

cigliw, a, flesh-coloured 

ciglyd, a, like flesh, fleshy 

cignoeth, a, touching to the quick; 
caustic 

cigo, V, to grow fleshy 

cigog, a, full of flesh, fleshy 

cig wain, weiniau, nf, flesh-hook; spear; 
clutch, cigweinlau, clutches 

cigweinio, v, to grapple, to clutch 

cigydd -ion, n, butcher. — cefngoch, 
red-backed shrike. — mawr, great 
grey shrike 

cigyddes -au, nf, female butcher 

cigyddiaeth, nf, butchery; butcher's 
trade 

oigyddio, V, to butcher; to slaughter 

tcigysol, a, carnivorous. cigysolion, 
carnivora 

cil -iau -ion, n, back; recess, corner; 
retreat, flight. Cnoi cil, to chew 
the cud. Cil kaiil, the sun's retreat, 
where no sunshine comes. Cil y 
Ueuad, wane of the moon. Cil y 
llysud, corner of the eye 

cilagor, V, to open partly 

cilagored, a, partly open, ajar 

cllbost, byst, n. gate-post 

cilbren -nau, n, keel 

cilcyn -ion -nos, n, lump, fragment 

tcilchwyrn, np (-en, nf), glands, kernels 

cildant, dannau, n, a shorter harp- 
string 

cildrem -iau, nf, leer 

cildremio, cildremu, 7;, to leer 

cildro -ion, n, turn back 

cildroi, V, to turn backward 

cildyn, a, obstinate, stubborn 

tcildyniog, a, obstinate, stubborn 

cildynnu, v, to pull back; to be ob- 
stinate 

cildynnus, a, obstinate, stubborn 

cildynrwydd, n, obstinacy 

cilddant, ddannedd, n, molar 

ciledrych, v, to look aside 

eiler -i -au, nf, butter-tray 

cilfach -au, nf, nook, recess; creek, bay, 
cove 

7« 



CIL 

cilfin -iau, n, brow, edge, margin, brink 

eilgain, n, asphodel 

cilgant -au, n, crescent 

tcilgi, gwn, n, coward, sneak 

tcilgîedd, n, cowardice 

cilgnoi, V, to chew the cud, to ruminate 

ellgwthio, V, to thrust away or aside; 
to push, to jostle 

cllio, V, to retreat, to recede, to with- 
draw, to move aside, to shrink, to 
flinch; to fly, to flee; to put to flightf 

cilwen -au, n/, half smile, simper, smirk 

cilwenu, V, to simper, to smirk, to smile 

eilwg, ygon, n, frown, scowl 

cilwgus, a, frowning, scowling 

tcilydd -ion, n, fellow: now always in 
its mutated iorra gilydd, and inde- 
clinable 

cimwch, ychiaid, n, lobster. — Mair, 
— coch, crayfish 

tcin -iau -ion, n, sheet, covenng 

elngroen, n/, stink-horn 

tcinhiawg, a, afflicted (cyn'iog) 

fciniach, np (ciniechyn, n), shreds, 
snips 

einiaw, cinio, pi. ciniawau, n (N.W.), 
n/ (S.W.), dinner 

einiawa, fciniawu, fciniewi, v, to dine 

cinio, iawau, n & nf, dinner 

einlonen, n/, thin sheet or covering 

einyn -ion, n, shred, snip (cynhinion) 

cinyniach, np, shreds, snips 

cinynic, v, to shred, to mangle 

cip -ion, n, pluck or snatch; glimpse, 
glance, Cip y coed, tiled liverwort 

cipar, periaid, n, gamekeeper 

cipdrem -iau, «/, glance, glimpse 

eipedrych, v, to glance 

eipedrychiad -au, n, glance, glimpse 

Cipen, nf, jirapnel; holdfast 

tcipiad, laid, «, a kind of dog 

cipial, V, to yelp 

tcipian, V, to importune, to coax 

eipio, V, to snatch; to whisk away 

fcipiog, a, quick to snatch; rapacious, 
greedy 

eipiwr, wyr, n, snatcher 

Cipod, nf, glance, glimpse (S.W.) 

cipolwg, n & nf, glance, glimpse 

ciprys -au, n, scramble; brawl 

oiprys, V, to scramble 

cipyll -ion, M, dry stump 

cipysg -od, en, the carp 

fciried, n, beneficence, bounty 



CLA 

ciros, n & en, dog-rose, briar 

tcirwn, n, bounty, mercy 

cis -ion, n, slap, pat, blow. Chwarae 

CIS, to play tuck 
cist -iau, nf, chest, coffer, box; bin 
cistaid, eidiau, nf, chestful 
cistan -au, nf, small chest, cabinet 
tcistanwr, wyr, n, cabinet-maker 
tcistbridd, n, potter's clay 
cistfaen, feini, nf, a British sepulchre, 

consisting of four flat stones placed 

at right angles, with a fifth on top; 

altar-tomb 
cistwely -au, n, press-bed 
fcitach, a, short and sparse; thin 
tciwdawdwr, wyr, n=ciwdodwr 
ciwdod -au, nf, tribe, clan, nation 
tciwdodol, a, civil, intestine 
toiwdodwr, wyr, n, citizen, inhabitant, 

countryman 
ciwed, cnf, rabble, mob, crew; rascals, 

scoundrels; people, nation 
ciw-pi, n, q p, mode of parting the 

hair 
ciwrad -iaid, n, curate (also spelt curad) 
ciwrio, V, to cure 
ciwt, a, cute, clever, ingenious 
eladd -au, n, trench; pit; a pool where 

fish shed; a place where anything is 

hid or buried; digging 
tcladde -au, n, clavy, chimney-piece 
claddedigaeth -au, n & nf, burial, inter- 
ment, funeral 
claddedigaethol, a, funebrial, funerary 
claddedigol, a, funeral, sepulchral 
claddfa, feydd, nf, burial ground, ceme- 
tery; place where fish spawn 
claddgell -oedd, nf, burial-chamber, 

crypt 
eiaddogot -au, nf, catacomb 
claddu, V, to digf; to bury, to inter; to 

deposit spawn 
claear, a, lukewarm; tepid; mild; cool 
fclaear, a, clear, bright, shining 
claearaidd, a, lukewarmish, cool 
claearder, claearedd, claearineb, h, 

lukewarmness; mildness; indifference 
claearllys, n, wall-pepper 
claearu, v, to make or become mild or 

tepid, to soothe 
claer, a, clear, bright, shining; blandf, 

smooth! 
elaerder, n, clearness, brightness 
claerhau, v, to clear, to brighten 
79 



Cl.A 

elaerîlys, n, watei pimpernei 

claerwych, a, brilliant, gorgeous 

claerwyn.a, brilliantly white: /. ciaerwen 

fdaes, cleision, n, halt end of a blade 
fines Man, wild Fnglish clary 

elaf, cleifion, a, sick, ill, poorly, dis- 
eased: n, sick person; patient 

clafaidd, a, sickish, sickly, poorly 

claldy, dai, n, hospital, infirmary 

clatr, «, scurf; scab; itch; mange; 
leprosy 

elafrdy, dai, n, lazaretto 

clafres, n/, woman affected with clafr 

elafrgen, n, leprous liverwort 

clafri, n=cle{ri 
. clafrlly'd, a, leprous; mangy; scabby 

elafrllys -iau, n, scabious. — mawr, 
elecampane 

elafru, v, to grow leprous 

tclafus, a, sickly 

telafwr, wyr, n, sick person; leper 

clafychu, v, to sicken, to be taken ill 

clai, cieiau, n, clay 

claiar, &c.=claear 

■fclaig, >i/, thrust, plunge, immersion 

tclairch, cleirchion, n, decrepit one 

tclais, nf stream, rivulet; ditch, trench 

elais, cleisiau, n, stripe; bruise, mark- 
field scabious. Clais y dydd, break of 
day. Maen clai<!, marble 

damp -iau, «, mass, lump; monster, 
whopper. Clamp o ddyn, great big man 

tclander, n, calendar, oracle 

clandro, v, to calculate, to reckon 
(from ' calendar ') 

clap -iau, n, lump 

clap, n, clack; gossip, talebearing 

clapgi, gwn, ", talebearer, telltale, blab 

clapian, v, to carry tales; to gossip 

dapio, V, to form lumps, to lump 

clapiog, a, lumpy, in lumps 

clarc -od, n, clerk 

clarcio, V, to act as clerk 

clared, n, claret 

clariwn, n, clarion 

tolas -au, n, close; plat; region; clois- 
ter; glebe; clergy; community; 
people, tribe 

■fclasbysu, v, to clasp 

clasdir -oedd, n, glebe-land 

tclasgell, nf, cloister 

tclasgor -au, n, college 

clasgu, t;=casglu 

tclasordy. dai, n, cloister 



CLE 

clasur -on, n, classic 
c'.asuroi, a classical 
claswydd, np (-en, nt), the elm 
clatsien, nf, blow, stroke (S.W.) 
clatsio, V, to beat, to strike (S.W.) 
clau, «, quick, fast, rapid, swift; soon 
claw, n, clove 

elawdd, cloddiau, n, ditcht, pit+; mine, 
quarry; barrier, fence, hedge; charac- 
teristic Welsh hedge of earth with 
turf or stones; dyke, embankment 
tclawddwr, wyr, n=cloddiwr 
clawr, cloriau, n, face, surface; cover, 
hd; board. Ar glawr, in existence, 
extant 
tclawstwv, tclawstyr, n, cloister 
tcleb, a, feeble, infirm, decrepit: n, 

feeble one, weakhng, crock 
cleb -ion, n, driveller 
debar, n & nf, silly talk or gossip, 

tattle: ii=clebran 
clebr, cleber, ;;/= debar 
clebran, v, to chatter, to gossip, to 

jabber, to tattle 
clebryn, n, clebren, nf, prattling gossip 
dec -iadau, nf, click, clack, crack, 

smack; gossip 
clecian, v, to crack; to crackle; to 
smack; to snap; to click, to clack; 
to chatter 
clechor, n, rascal, scamp (term of abuse) 
cled, cnf, dried cow-dung 
cledr, cledren, pi. cledrau, nf, shingle; 
stave; pale, pole; rail. Cledr y ddwy- 
fron, the breastbone. — llaK; the 
palm ot the hand 
cledrfur -iau, n, stockade, palisade 
cledr ffordd, fTyrdd, nf, railway 
cledro, v, to rail, to pale; to cudgel 
cledrog, a, shingled, railed 
cledru, v, to rail, to pale 
tcledrwy -on, nf, lattice-work 
cledd -yfau, n, sword (archaic, poet., 

& rhet.) 
tcledd, n, the left 
cleddau, pi. cleddyfau, n, sword 
tcleddiwig, nf, quarry, mine ; stone- 
cutter 
cleddyf -au t-a'*r. "> sword; blade. 

Cleddyi Bleddyn, the spleen 
tcleddyfal, tcleddyfawd, «=deddyIod 
cleddyfau, n, short sword, dagger 
cleddyflys, cleddlys, n, bur-reed 
cleddyf od, n & nf, stroke of a sword 
80 



tíùA/ìtj^^ 



CLE CLO 

cleddyfog, a, armed with sword(s), clera, v, to stroll as minstrels 

sworded clerc -od, n, clerk 

cleddyfwr, wyr, n, swordsman clercio, v, to act as clerk 

clefri, », leprosy; scab. — dyfrllyd, clerig -laid, n, cleric 

water farcy. — mawr, farcy clerigol, a, clerical 

clefryn, n, sheep's bit, sheep's scabious clerigwr, wyr, n, clergyman 

tclefychu, î;=clafyehu tclermwnt, «, minstrel 

clefyd -au -on, n, sickness, disease, fdersen -nod, nf, gossip, wanton 

— coch, scarlet fever. — melyn, fclersennaidd, a, wanton, fickle, frivo- 
jaundice. — y gwaed, dysentery. lous 

— y môr, sea-sickness fclert, n, laziness 

tclefyddau, np, metathesis for cleddyfau fclertian, v, to idle, to laze, to lounge 

clegar, elegyr, v, to clack, to cluck, to fciertiog, a, idle, lazy 

cackle: ;;, cackle, clack clerwr, wyr, n, itinerant minstrel: / 
fclegru, y= clegar clerwraig 

elegyr, clegr -au, n, rock, cliff, crag clerwriaeth, nf, minstrelsy 

clegyrog, a, rocky, rugged, craggy tcleswriaeth, nf, music, melody 

cleibwll, byllau, «, clay-pit fclesydd, n, songster 

cleidir -oedd, n, clay-land clewt -iau, n, clout; clatter; scolding 

cleien, nf, rotten or soft stone clewtian, v, to clout; to clatter; to scold 

cleifaen, fain, feini, n, shale clewyn -nau, w, pimple, boil 

tcleigio, V, to dip, to immerse, to die, a, quick, brisk (S.W.) 

plunge, to souse clic(i)ed -au, nf, clicket, latch, catch; 
cleilyd, a, clayey, clayish, argillaceous trigger. — gen, jawbone. — wisgi, 

fcleimio, V, to claim spring catch 

cleinsio, v, to clench, to clinch clic(i)edu, v, to latch 

cleio, V, to become clay, to clay cllmach -od, n, a tall slim fellow 

cleiog, a, abounding with clay, claj'ey clincwm, n, noise, clamour; harping on 
tcieirch, )i=cleiriach same string 

cleiriaeh, n, decrepit one (Ecclus. xlii. 8) clindarddach, n, crackling noise, crack- 
tcleirig, n, cleric ling: v, to crackle 

clelsio, V, to bruise; to dawnj fclior, n, locker, casket, cabinet 

cleisiog, a, bruised clip -au, n, hill; precipice, crag; snap, 
clem, nf, clem, starvation catch 

clem -iau, nf, slice, sole-piece clip -iau, n, eclipse 

clemio, V, to clem, to starve tclipan, n, sturdy beggar 

clemio, V, to apply a ' clem ' ; to patch clipan, clipen, nf, smack, slap, buffet 

sole of boot clipio, v, to clip 

clên, a, facile; affable, agreeable, clipiwr, wyr, n, clipper 

cordial (N.W.) clir, a, clear 

clenc, H, slice; shock cllrio, v, to clear 

clep -iau, nf, clack, clap; gossip clo -ion -iau, n, knob; close; lock. Clo 
clepgi, gwn, n, babbler, chatterer; tell- clap, — clwt, padlock. — ia, icicle 

tale, blab cload, n, closing; locking 

clepian, clepio, v, to clack, to clap; to cloadur, n, closure 

slam; to babble, to gossip; to prate; cloben, nf, large or fat female 

to carry tales, to blab clobyn, n, large lump; boimcer 

clepyn -nau, n, small lump (dim. of cloc -iau, n, clock 

clap) clocian, v, to cluck as a hen 

clêr, cnf, itinerant minstrels; bards cloeiwr, wyr, n, clock-maker 

clêr, tclŷr, np (cleren, nf], flies, gadflies, clocsiau, np (elocsen, nf), clogs 

Cleren fawr, Cleren las, blue-bottle, clocsio, v, to make clogs; to walk (as) 

Cleren Iwyd, horse-fly. cleren, the in clogs 

rattles in the throat clocsiwr, wyr, n, clog-maker, dogger 
6 8i 



CLO CLO 



cloch, clych, clychau, nf, bell. — aberth, cloSrwym -au, n, tetter. — y cythraul, 
sacring-bell. — ia, icicle. — maban, ■ — y mwci, great bindweed 

snowdrop. — ymadrodd, uvula. — cloffrwymo, v, to fetter 

y dwfr, bubble. — yr eos, harebell clog -au, n & nf, cloak, mantle, pall 

cloch, nf, clock (of time of day only), felog -au, nf, crag, cliff, precipice 

Un o'r [ar] gloch, one o'clock. Beth clogfaen, feini, n, rock, boulder 

[Faint] u'r [ar] gloch yw hi ? what fclogfryn, n, steep rock, crag (whence 
o'clock is it ? what time is it ? clogwyn) 

clochaidd, a, resonant, vibrant, sonor- clogwrn, yrnau, n, crag, rock 

ous, noisy clogwyn -i -au, n, cliff, crag, precipice 

cloclidar, n, clucking; chirping. Cloch- clogwynog, a. craggy, precipitous 

dar y cerrig.stonechat. — yr eithin, elogyn, n, cloak 

whinchat clogyrnach, n, a metre so called 

clochdar, clochdran,ji,to cluck; to chirp; clogyrnaidd, a, rough, rugged, uncouth, 

to cackle, to clack clumsy 

clochdy, dai, n, steeple, belfry, clock- clogyrnog, a, craggy, rocky, rugged 

tower cloi, v, to close, to shut ; to lock 

clochi, V, to rise in bubbles, to bubble eloig -ion, nf, hasp, hitch 

clochog, a, noisy, clamorous clol -iau, nf, pate, skull, noddle 

Clochydd -ion, n, bell-man; sexton; clompyn, n, lump; monster: /. clompen 

parish clerk clone -iau, nf, clank, clang, clangour; 
clod -ydd f-au, nf & n, praise, fame, tattle, gossip ^^ 

renowu; credit clone -iau, n, lump, bump, unevenness 

clodadwy, a. laudable, commendable clone, a, addled 

elodfawr, a, celebrated, famous, re- cloncian, eloneio, v, to clank, to clash; 

nowned to tattle, to gossip 

clodforedd, n, praise, celebrity, renown clonciog, a, lumpy, bumpy, uneven 

clodfori, V, to praise, to extol cloncwy -au, n, addle egg 

clodforus, a, praiseworthy; renowned; clop -au, n, knob, boss 

boastfulf clopa, clopanau, nf, noddle; knob; club 

fclodleu, a, of bright fame fclopren, n, clapper 

fclodrydd, a, with free praise clôr, np, earth-nuts. — y brain, white 
clodwiw, a, commendable, praiseworthy saxifrage. — y moch, truffle 

fclodymgais, n, ambition clora, v, to gather earth-nuts [dor) 

cloddfa, feydd, nf, quarry, mine cloren -nau, nf, rump, tail (Isa. vii. 4) 

cloddiad -au, «, digging, excavation clorian -nau, n & nf, pair of scales; 
cloddio, V, to dig, to delve, to excavate; balance 

to trench; to quarry, to mine; to em- cloriannu, v, to balance, to weigh 

bank; to make fences or hedges, to cloriannwr, anwyr, «, weigher 

hedge, to fence, to wall clorio, v, to put on a cover; to cover 
cloddiog, a, trenched, embanked with a lid 

cloddiwr, wyr, n, digger, excavator; cloron, «/> (-en, »/), potatoes 

common labourer; navvy elôs, af, pretty, nice: m. clws 

cloddolion, tcloddilion, np, fossils elôs, elosydd, n, close, cloister; farm- 
cloëdig, a, closed; locked yard 

clöen -nau, nf, boss, stud clôs, closyn, pi. elosau, n, pah of 
cloer -au, n, locker; embrasure; niche breeches. Clôs pen glin, knee-hreeches, 
cloeren -nau, nf, small w ndow knicker-bockers 

tclofen -nau, nf, bough, branch (colfen) clos, a, close 

clofer, en, clover closio, v, to close: to draw near 

cloferog, a, clovery fcloster -au, n, cloister 

cloff, a, lame, limping, halt clowyn -nau, n, knob, boss; boil 

cIofD, V, tr. lame, to grow lame, to halt elöyn -nau, n, boss, knob; the eyeball. 
cloQni, cloffl, n, lameness, hmping Clöyn ia, Clo ia, icicle 

82 



c£.a^vAA^Lí 



CLU 



clud -au, nf, vehicle : n & nf, luggage, 

baggage 
cludadwy, a, portable 
cludair, eirlau, nf, heap, pile; raft, 

float (i Kings v. 9) 
eludeirio, v, to heap, to pile 
eludiad, n, carriage. Y cludiad yn 

rhad, carriage paid 
eludo, V, to carry, to convey; to 

heapt 
fcludwair, nf, pile, heap, stack 
cludwr, wyr, cludydd -ion, n, porter, 

carrier, bearer 
clugiar, ieir, nf, partridge 
clul -lau, n, passing-bell, knell 
tclun, n, meadow (Irish, don). Usually 

but wrongly clyn 
dun -iau, nf, hip, haunch, thigh, leg. 

ghin i glun, step by step, slowly. 
^ Wrth ei glun, by his side 



clunh^an, v, to limp 



clunllíPêî, a, hipshot, limping 

clunwst, nf, sciatica 

cluro, V, to rub; to smear 

clust -iau, nf (n S.W.), ear; handle. 

— aradr, the bridle of a plough. — 
yr arth, wood sanicle. — ■ yr asen, conic 
livergreen. — yr ewig, spurge laurel. 

— y fuwch, — y tarw, great mullein. 

— llygoden, mouse-ear chickweed. 

— yr Iddew, Clustiau'r ysgaw, Jew's 
ear. Clustiau'r derw, tree lungwort 

clusten, nf, auricle; box on the ear 

elustew, a, dull of hearing 

clustfeinio, v, to prick up the ears; to 

listen closely; to eavesdrop 
clustgyfTes, nf, auricular confession 
Clustiog, a, having ears, eared. Pryf 

clustiog, earwig; hare 
clustlipa, a, flap-eared, lop-eared 
clustlws, lysau, n, ear-ring 
clustog -au, nf, cushion, pillow. — 

Fair, thrift, sea gillyflower 
clustrwm, a, hard of hearing 
clwb, clybiau, n, club 
clwbio, V, to club 
clwc -ion, n, clucking 
clwc, a, tender, soft to the touch; 

broken-sounded; addle. Wy cltfc, 

addle egg 
clwcian, V, to utter indistinct sounds; 

to cluck 
tclwch, clychod, n, crag; hillock 
olwO, clyfflau, n, lump, chunk 



CLY 

clwm, clymau, n, knot, tie; strainf, 

melodyt, tunef 
clwpa -od, n, knob, boss; club; dolt 
clws, a. See tlws 
clwstwr, clystyrau, n, cluster 
clwt, clytiau, n, piece, patch, clout, 

rag. Ar y clwt, homeless, stranded 
clwtyn, n, small patch, rag, clout 
clwyd -au -i, nf, hurdle, gate, roost 
clwyden -ni, nf, hurdle; flake 
clwydo, V, to roost 
clwyf -au, n, wound; disease. -tClwyf 

gwahanol, t — mawr, leprosy. — 

melyn, jaundice. - — pennau, mumps. 

— y brenin, the king's evil, scrofula. 

— y marchogion, piles, hemorrhoids 
clwyfedig -ion, a, wounded 

clwyf 0, V, to wound; to sicken 

clwyfog, a, wounded 

clwyf us, a, wounded; sore; sick 

tclwyr, a, clear, brilliant 

iclwys -au, n, close ; clause 

tclwysdy, dai, n, cloister 

clybio, V, to club 

fclybod, V, to hear: n, the hearing 

fclybodig, rt, auditive, auditory, acoustic. 
clybodigion, acoustics 

tclybodigaeth, nf, hearing 

clyboedd, np, in error for clybod 

clych, clychau, np. See cloch 

clyd, a, warm, sheltered, snug, cosy; 
comfortable: /. tcled 

Clyde, elydu, v, to render snug or com- 
fortable 

clydwch, n, shelter, warmth 

clydwr, n, shelter, refuge, warmth (Hag. 
i. 6) 

clyfar, a, clever; pleasant, agreeable 

clyfrwch, n, cleverness 

clymblaid, bleidiau, nf, chque, cabal, 
coterie 

clymbleidiaeth, nf, cliquism, clannishness 

clymbleidiol, a, cliquish, clannish 

clymhercyn, a, hobbling 

clymog, a. knotty, knotted, entangled 

clymog, clymlys, n, knotgrass. Clym- 
ogvn troellog, whorled knotgrass 

clymu, V, to knot, to tie, to bind 

fclyn, n. See tclun 

tclŷr, np. See clêr 

clytio, V, to patch, to piece 

clytiog, a, patched, patchy; ragged 

clytwaith, n, patchwork 

clytyn, n, rag (dim. of clwt) 
83 



_CLY 

dyw, n (the sense of) hearing 

clywadwy, «, audible 

clywed, v, to bear; to feel; to taste; 

to smell : n, the hearing. — ar {ei) 

galon, to feel disposed or inclined 
clywedig, a, heard, audible 
clywedigaeth, «/, hearing, audience 
clywedydd -ion, u, hearer, auditor 
cnac, n, knack 

cnaf -on -'aid, n, knave, rascal 
cnafaidd, a, knavish, rascally 
cnaif, cneifiau, cneifion, n, shearing, 

fleece 
cnap -iau, n, lump, knob, boss; knot 

(in timber) ; button 
cnapan -au, w, knob; bowl 
cnapio, V, to form knobs, or lumps, to 

lump 
cnapiog, a, knobbed, knotted, knotty; 

lumpy 
cnau, np (cneuen, vf), nuts. See cneuen 
cnawd, n, flesh 
tcnawd, rt=gnawd 
fenawdio, v, to incarnate 
enawdol, a, of flesh; carnal, fleshly, 

fleshy; bodily t, fwysicalf 
cnawdoli, v, to incarnate 
tcnawdoliaeth, n/, incarnation 
cnawdolrwydd, n, carnality 
cnec -ion -iau, nf, crack, snap 
cnecian, ?', to crack, to crackle; to 

wrangle 
cneifdy, dai, n, shearing-house 
cneifio, V, to sliear, to clip, to fleece 
cneifion, np, clippings, flocks 
cneifiwr, wyr, n, shearer 
cnepyn, n, small lump (dim. of cnap) 
tcnes -au, nf, covering 
cneua, v, to nut 

cneuen, cnau, nf, nut. — Groeg, almond 
cneuo, V, to become nuts 
cnewian, v, to whine 
cnewyll, np f-yn, n], kernels. ■\Cyiew- 

yllyn ei did, the middle of his fore- 
head 
cnic -au, «, slight rap, tap, snap 
cnicell -au, nf, smacker, snapper; pecker 
tcnicht -au, w, icicle 
tcnif, tcniff -ion, «, toil, pain, trouble 
tcnill -iau. «, passing-bell, knell 
tcnipws, n, filhp; rap, tap 
cnith -ion, n, soft touch or tap; nibble; 

pluck 
cnithio, J', to tap; to nibble; to pluck 



COB 

tcniw -iau, n, pack; cluster, bunch 
eno -ion, n, bite, chewing, gnawing 
cnoc -iau, », rap, knock, stroke 
cnocell -au, nf, stroke, blow, rap. — y 

coed, woodpecker. — o dywydd 

gwlyb, interval of wet weatlier 
cnocellu, v, to rap, to tap; to peck 
enocio, V, to knock, to strike, to beat 
enodiog, tcnodig, a, fleshy, fat 
cnofa, feydd, ;;/, gnawing, griping, 

ache, pang. — cydivybod, remorse 
tcnofain, v, to gnaw, to gripe 
cnoi, V, to bite, to gnaw, to chew, to 

masticate; to gripe, to ache: n, gripes 
fcnol -iau, nf, round mass; hillock, 

knoll 
cnot -iau, n, knot; berryf 
cnotyn, n, small knob; knot 
cnowr, wyr, n, chewer 
cnu -au, cnuf -iau, n, fleece 
tcnuch, n, joining, joint; copulation 
tcnuch(i)o, V, to copulate 
tcnuch(i)wr, wyr, n, copulator 
tcnud -oedd, n, pack (of wolves) 
cnul -iau, fcnull, n, passing-bell, knell 
cnulio, V, to toll 
cnuwch, n, bundle, bush, tuft 
cnwb, cnybiau, n, bunch, knob 
cnwc, cnyciau, n, bump, lump; hillock 
fcnwch, n, boss, protuberance, joint, 

knuckle. Cnwch ysgwydd, top of 

shoulder 
cnwd, cnydau, n, crop, increase, 

produce ; covering 
cnwff, cnyfflau, n, lump, hunch, squat 
tcnwmp, cnympiau, n, lump 
cnwpa, n, knob; club. Ffon gnwpa 

crook 
cnycio, V, to form into knobs, to lump 
cnyciog, a, bumpy, lumpy, uneven 
cnycyn, n, bump, tump, hillock 
cnydfawr, a, fruitful, productive 
cnydio, v, to yield increase, to crop 
cnydiog, cnydiol, a, fructiferous, pro- 
ductive 
tcnyw -ion, n, autumn pig; colt, foal; 

cuIj, whelp 
cob -au, nf, tuft; spider 
cob -iau, n, cop, embankment 
cob, cobau, nf, cloak; coat; cope 
coban -au, nf, mantle; coat. Coban 

nos, niglit-siiirt 
cobio, V, to beat, to thump; to peck 
cobler -iaid, n, cobbler 

84 



TlJLJîft^^ I h'^^ Pt.Un^% , Y loi. 



COB 



COE 



coblera, v, to cobble 

coblio, coblo, V, to cobble 

coblyn, n, sprite, goblin, imp. — y coed, 
woodpecker 

cobyn -nau, n, tuft, bunch 

cocian, V, to cackle 

cocos, np, cogs of a wheel. Olwyn 
gocos, cog-wheel 

cocos, cocs, np (cocsen, nf), cockles. 
Bywion cocs, cockles out of the shells 

cocwyo, V, to tread, to impregnate 

coch, a, red; ruddy: n, red. Coch y 
berllan, bullfinch. — yr aden, red- 
wing, y goch gam, robin redbreast 

cochder, n, redness 

cochddu, a, of a reddish black; brown. 
Cochddu'r ddajad, undyed wool of 
black sheep 

cochfelyn, a, copper-coloured 

eochgangen, nf, chub-fish 

coehi, V, to redden; to blush 

cochiad, iaid, n, grouse, red game 

tcochineb, », redness 

cochl -au, n & ni, mantle, cloak 

cochlas, a, reddish blue, purple 

eochlwisg, nf, outer garment (John 
-iii. 4) 

cochlwyd, a, reddisli brown 

cochni, n, redness 

tcochre, nf, a red row 

cociiro, n, red gravel 

tcochrudd, a, crimson, ruddy 

tcochwedd, a, red, blood-stained : n, 
red hue, battle 

cochwraidd, np & en, madder 

tcochwyddawl, a, reddish, ruddy 

tcod, nf, coat 

cod -au, nf, bag, pouch; scrotum 

codaid, eidiau, nf, bagful, purseful 

coden.-nau, nf, bag, pouch; sac; husk. 
— hyred, — eurych, — euraidd, puff- 
ball 

codennog, a, having bags or pods 

codennu, v, to bag; to bhster 

codi, V, to rise, to arise; to get up; to 
raise, to lift; to erect; to swell up; 
to cause, to create, to produce; to 
buy (a ticket); to withdraw (money). 
Codi dani, to protest, to rebel. — 
twrw, to kick up a row 

codiad -au, n, rise, rising; raising; eleva- 
tion ; increase, advance 

codi, nf, coddle, mixture, muddle, mess, 
fudge, nonsense 



eodlo, V, to coddle, to muddle; to talk 



codlwr, wyr, n, coddler, muddler 
codog, a, baggy; wealthy, rich : n, miser: 

nf, sainfoin 
codowydd, n, ploughman's spikenard 
eodrwth, n, bladder-campion 
codwarth, n, deadly night-shade, bella- 
donna 
codwm, codymau, n, fall, tumble. Ym- 

aflyd codwm, to wrestle 
codwr, wyr, n, riser; raiser, lifter. 

Codii'r canu, precentor 
codymu, v, to fall, to tumble; to wrestle 
eodymwr, wyr, n, tumbler; wrestler 
codywasg, n, mithridate mustard 
tcodded -au, nf, vexation, annoyance, 

offence, insult 
fcoddi, V, to offend, to displease, to 
anger, to provoke, to affront, to insult; 
to vex, to annoy; to chide 
tcoddig, a, angry 

fcoddiant, n, vexation, annoyance, pro- 
vocation; anger, indignation, wrath; 
offence, insult, affront; sin, trans- 
gression 
coed -ydd, np & en, wood, timber, trees. 
Cath goed, wild cat. Baedd coed, 
Mochyn coed, wild boar 
coeden, pi. cofO, nf, standing tree, tree 
eoed-hwch, nc & nf, wild pig, wild sow 
coediar, ieir, nf, pheasant 
coedio, V, to timber; to cudgel, to thrash 
coediog, coedog, a, wooded, woody 
coedlan -nau, nf, coppice, copse, wood 
coedol, a, silvan 

coedrwym, coedgwiwm, n, black briony 
eoedwal -au, nf, covert, thicket 
coed wig -oedd, nf, wood, forest 
coedwigwr, wyr, n, forester, woodman 
coedwr, wyr, n, woodman 
coedwyrdd, ", wintergreen 
coedyn, pi. coed, n, stick, chip 
coedd, a, public. Ar goedd, publicly 
coeg, a, empty; vain; saucy; sterile; 

silly, foolish 
tcoegddall, a, half blind, purblind 
tcoegddallu, v, to become purblind 
coegddyn -ion, n, fop, coxcomb; fool 

(Isa. xxxii. 5) 
coegddysg, n & nf, false learning, sciol- 
ism, pedantry 
coegedd, n, emptiness, vanity; frivolity, 
silliness (Jer. xiv. 14) 

85 



<4-< 



COE 

coegen -nod, nf, minx; coquette; wench, 

strumpet 
coegennaidd, a, coquettish 
coegfalch, a, vain, foppish 
tcoegfall, a, ironical, satirical, cynical 
coegfeddyg -on, n, quack doctor, quack 
coegfeddyginiaeth, nf, quackery 
coegi, V, to jeer at, to mock, to deride, 

to use sarcasm 
tcoaglofft -ydd, nf. See cogloiTt 
coeglwybr -au, », l>y-path 
coeglyd, a, vain; spiteful, sarcastic 
coegni, n, vanity; spitefulness, sarcasm 
coegsiarad -ach, n, empty talk 
coegwr, wyr, );, fool (Isa. xxxii. 6) 
coegwych, a, gaudy, garish, tawdry 
coegylfinhir -iaid, n, the whimbrel 
coegyn -nod, n, conceited fellow, cox- 
comb, buck, fop 
coegynnaidd, a, foppish, affected 
eoel -ion, nf, omen, portent; belief; 

trust; credit 
coel, «/=cofl 
coelbren -ni -nau, n, lot; ballot. — y 

beirdd, bardic alphabet 
coelcerth -i, n/, bonfire; blaze 
tcoelfain, feiniau, nf, glad tidings; cre- 
dential; reward 
coelfawr, a, ominous, portentous; of 

great reputef 
fcoelfuchedd, ;;/, superstition 
tcoelfuoheddol, a, superstitious 
coelgrefydd -au, nf, superstition 
coelgreîyddol, a, superstitious 
coelio, V, to believe, to credit, to 

trust ; to cast lotsf 
coeliwr, wyr, n, one who gives credit 
coes -au, nf, leg, shank : n & nf, 

liandle; stem, stalk 
coesarfau, up, greaves 
coesarn -au, nf, defence for the legs 
tcoesed, n &. a, manchet. Bara coesed, 

manchet bread 
coesgam, a, bandy-legged 
coesgoch, a, red-legged: n, redshank; 

red-leg robin, herb Robert 
tcoesgyn -ion, n, leg, shank 
coeshir, a, long-legged, long-shanked 
coesnoeth, a, bare-legged 
coeswisg -oedd, nf, covering for the leg; 

greave 
coeta, V, to gather wood 
coetan -au, eoeten -nau, nf, quoit; billet. 
Coetan Arthur, cromlech or dolmen 



COF 



eoetgae -au, n, park 

coetir -oedd, n, woodland, forest 

coetre, nf, woodland dwelling 

coety, tai, n, wood-house ; woodland 

dwelling; bower 
coeth, a, pure, purified; fine; refined; 

elegant; cultured 
eoethder, n, refinement, elegance 
coethl, V, to refine; to stir; to prate; 

to bark; to harasst 
coethwr, wyr, n, purifier, refiner; in- 
stigator 
cof -ion, n, memory; remembrance; 
right mind, senses, cofion, memor- 
anda; regards, remembrances. My- 
ned dros gof un, to escape one's 
memory. O'i gof, angry, mad 
cofadail, eiliau, eiladau, nf, monument 
tcofaint, tcofen, feinoedd, «, convent; 

religious assembly, congregation 
tcofawdr, a, mindful 
cofeb -ion, nf, memorandum, memorial 
tcofedigaeth, nf, remembrance 
cofgolofn -au, nf, monument 
eofiadur -iaid -on, n, remembrancer; 

recorder 
eofîadwy, a, memorable; remarkable 
coflannol, a, biographical 
cofiannu, v, to biographize 
cofiannydd, anyddion, n, biographer 
cofiant, iaint, iannau, n, remembrancet, 

memorialf ; memoir, biography 
tcofiawdr, odron, n, remembrancer 
cofiedydd -ion, n, remembrancer; re- 
corder 
cofio, V, to remember, to recollect; to 

remind 
coflwr, wyr, n, rememberer; man with 

good memory 
cof! -au, nf, the embrace; the bosom 
eoflaid, eidiau, nf, what is embraced; 

armful, bundle; darling 
coflech -au, nf, memorial tablet 
cofleidio, V, to embrace, to hug 
coflyfr -au, n, register; record, chronicle 
eoflythyrau, up. Coflythyrau Nehemias, 
' commentaries of Neemias ' — 2 Mace, 
ii. 13 
tcofnod -au, n, monument, memorial 
cofnod -ion, n, memorandum, minute 
cofnodi, V, to record, to register 
cofrestr -au -i, nf, register, roll ; cata- 

loguef, listf 
cofrestru, v, to register 

86 



COF 

Cofrestrwr, wyr, cofrestrydd -ion, », re- 
gistrar 

eofrodd -ion, »/, keepsalce 

cofus, a, memorable; mindful; having 
good memory. — gennyf, I remember 

cofweini, v, to prompt 

cofweinydd -ion, n, prompter 

coffa, V, to remember; to call to mind 

coffa -on, eion, n, remembrance, mem- 
ory; memorial 

coffâd, n, remembrance; commemora- 
tion 

coffadwriaeth -au, nf, remembrance, 
memory 

coffadwriaethol, a, memorial 

cofladwy, a, memorable 

coffau, V, to remember; to record; to 
remind; to commemorate 

coffi, n, coffee 

coflr -au, n, coffer, trunk, chest 

coffryn, «, little coffer 

eofftio, V, to quaff, to gulp 

eog -au, nf, cuckoo 

eog -au, 11, cook 

cogail, eiliau, n, distaff; club, cudgel 

tcogan, nf, bowl, cup, basin 

coges -au, nf, cook 

cogfran, frain, nf, jackdaw , , 

coginiaeth, nf, cookery (>-'-^*-^^í 

coginio, V, to cook 

cogio, V, to cog; to sham, to feign, to 
pretend 

eogiwr, n, cogger; pretender; swindler 

tcoglofft -ydd, nf, cock-loft, garret 

cogor, V, to chatter (as birds), to caw, 
to croak: n, chattering 

tcograch, v, to chatter, to prattle 

oogwrn, yrnau, cegyrn, cygyrn, n, knob; 
cock; cone; crab-apple; egg-shell; 
shell; limpet 

cogydd -ion, n, cook 

cogyddes -au, nf, cook 

cogyddiaeth, nf, cookery 

congl -au, nf, corner, angle 

conglfaen, fain, feini, «, corner-stone 

conglog, a, angular, cornered 

col -ion, M, sting; beard ot corn, awn 

CÔ1, nf, lap, bosom, embrace 

cola, n, beard of corn, awn 

tcolas, n, college, chapter-house 

eolbio, V, to beat, to thrash (N.W.) 

coleet -au, n, collect 

colecty, tai, n, college house, college 
building 



COL 

coledd(u), V, to cultivate; to cherish, 
to foster; to indulge 

coleddiad, n, cultivation, culture; fos- 
terage 

coleddwr, wyr, n, cherisher, cultivator, 
patron 

coleg -au, n, college 

colegdy, n. See colecty 

colegol, a, collegiate 

colegwr, wyr, n, collegian 

coler -1 t-iiu» w/. collar 

colera, n, cholera; cholerf 

colerog, a, collared 

coleru, V, to collar 

colfach -au, n, hinge, pivot 

colfachu, V, to hinge, to pivot 

coif en -nau -ni, nf, bough, branch; 
knot in timber (S.W.) 

coliant, n, colsaid, seidiau, nf, the part 
of a scythe, and similar instruments, 
that is let into the handle; tang 

colio, V, to sting 

coliog, a, having a sting; bearded 

colion, np, beard of corn, awn 

colm, n, jaunt 

colma, eolmio, v, to jaunt 

colofn -au, nf, column, pillar, support 

colomen -nod, nf, dove, pigeon 

colomendy, dai, n, pigeon-house, dove-cot 

colomennaidd, a, dove-like 

colp -au, n, pointed spar; dart 

colpes -au, nf, wedge, lever ('colpice') 

tools, n, decollation. Gwyl leuan y Cols, 
Feast of the Decollation of St. John 

colsaid, nf. See coliant 

colsyn, cols, n, coal, cinder, ember 

tcolubyr, n, viper (Lat. coluber) 

coludd -ion, en {-yn, n), bowels, intes- 
tines, entrails 

coluddlys, en, pennyroyal 

coluddyn, n, gut, bowel, intestine 

coluro, V, to colour, to paint; to cloak, 
to conceal (2 Kings ix. 30) 

tcolwedd, n & en, heart, bowels, en- 
trails 

tcolwydd, en & up (-en, nf), guts, en- 
trails 

tcolwyn -od, n, cub, puppy, lap-dog 

tcolwynes -au, fcolwynwraig, wragedd, 
nf, midwife 

tcolwyno, v, to act as midwife; to 
fondle, to pamper, to indulge 

fcolwynyddiaeth, "/, midwifery, ob- 
stetrics 

87 



COL 

coíyn -nau, M, pivot, hinge; sting 

colynnog, a, pivoted, hinged; stinging 

colynnu, v, to sting 

coll iadaii, n, loss, damage; failing, 
defect. Ar goll, lost, astray. Yng 
nglioll, missing 

coll, cyll, cii (collen, n/), hazel wod 

colladwy, a, perishable (i Pet. i -, 

tcollborth, iif, the gate of perdiiion 

tcoUddyn -ion, n, condemned one; con- 
vict 

colled -ion t-au, nf & nf, loss, damage, 
detriment, injury 

colledig, a, lost, damned; damagingf; 
damningt; injuredf 

COUedigaeth, nf, perdition, loss 

eolledUj v, to occasion loss 

colledus, a, fraught with loss or damage 

colledwr, wyr, n, loser 

collen, cyll, nf, hazel; saplingt 

collfarn -au, nf, doom; condemnation; 
conviction 

collfarnu, v, to condemn; to convict 

colli, V, to lose; to spill, to shed; to 
fail; to leak; to miss; to be lost; to 
perish; to condemn to death. Colli 
ami, to go out of one's mind 

colliad -au, n, failing, defect 

collwr, wyr, n, loser 

coUwydd, np (-en, nf), hazel wood 

collv/yn -i, n, hazel grove 

coined -au, nf, comet 

tcomffordd, ;;, comfort 

tcomfîorddio, v, to comfort 

comfForddus, a, comfortable 

comin -s, n, common 

comisiwn, ti, commission 

tcompod -au, n, compass 

tcompni, n, company 

con, n, cone 

conach, v, to grumble, to murmur, to 
mutter : n, upstart ; grumbler 

concro, v, to conquer 

concwer(i)o, concweru, v, to conquer 

concwerwr, wyr, h, conqueror 

concwest, nf, conquest, victory 

condemniad, n, condemnation 

condemnio, v, to condemn 

condemniol, a, condemnatory 

condemniwr, wyr, n, condemner 

tconed, fconedd, n, pride, glory 

conell -au, nf, tail, rump 

conffesor -laid, n, confessor 

conflarmasiwn, n, confirmation 



crm^ 

conffirmio, v, to confirm 

tconfforddio, i;=comiTorddio 

tconfforddus, íi=comfîorddus (i Mace. 
X. 24) 

conio, V, to nibble, to gnaw 

conion, np, stumps 

cono, Ì1 , fellow, ' fogey ' (colloq.) 

consuriaeth, nf, conjuring; conjuration 

consurio, i', to conjure 

consur(i)wr, wyr, n, conjuror 

toont, nf, female organ of generation 

conyn -nod, n, stalk; point; sting; 
stump; upstart; grumbler 

cop, n, spider. Give ^op, cobweb(s) 

copa, au, nf, top, summit; tuft, crest; 
crown of the head 

tccpi, n, coppice, copse 

copi, iau, n, copy; copy-book, exercise- 
book 

tcopinod, «, hint, intimation, informa- 
tion, intelligence 

copio, V, to copy, to transcribe 

copîwr, wyr, copiydd -ion, n, copyist, 
transcriber 

copog, a, tufted, crested, high-topped 

copr, n, copper 

copraidd, a, coppery 

copras, tcoprys, n, copperas 

copyn -nau -nod, n , spider (pryf eopyn) 

cor, corau, n & nf, circle; college; choir; 
pew; stall, crib 

cor -rod, n, point, dwarf; spider: px 
small, little, lesser, dwarf 

corachaidd, a, dv/arfish, undersized 

tcorawg, a, lavish, liberal, prodigal 

corawl, a, choral 

corbed -au, n, corbel; projection 

corbedwyn, n=cardydwyn 

corberth -i, nf, dwarf busli 

corbwll, byllau, n, puddle 

corbys, np, a small or dwarf kind of 
pulse (Ezek. iv. 9) 

core, n, bounce; throb 

core, corcyn, pi. cyrc, n, cork 

corco, V, to hop, to bounce; to throb 

cord -iau, n, cord; chord 

cordeddog, a, twisted; twisting; wind- 
ins, meandering 

cordeddu, v, to twist, to twine, to spin 
(cyfrodeddu) 

corden -ni, nf, cord, rope, string 

fcordiad -au, n, accord, agreement 

tcordio, V, to accord, to agree 

tcordrei -i -ydd, ;;/, hamlet, village 



COR 

teordwal, fcordwan, n, Cordova leather, 
cordwain 

tcordd -au, m/, churn; churning 

tcordd -au, n, tribe, community; train 

cordderw, up (-en, «/), dwarf oaks 

corddi, V, to churn; to turn; to agitate, 
to stir; to foam, to seethe 

corddiad -au, n, churning 

fcorddlan -nau, nf, fold; enclosure 

tcorddlan -nau, nf, graveyard 

corddwr, wyr, n, churner; churn 

fcorddyn, «, pivot, axle, hinge 

cored -au, nf, weir, dam 

tcoredwr, wyr, n, weir-man, fisherman 

tcorelw -on -au, n, dance 

tcorelwest -au, ;;/, dance, ball 

tcorelwi, V, to dance, to reel; to sldp, 
to caper; to whirl, to spin 

corf -au, nf, pommel of a saddle 

fcori, cyrf, &c.= cor£f, &c. 

corfan -nau, n, metrical fnot. — crwn, 
■ — cytbwys, — Mr, spondee. — 
ctych disgynedig, dactyl. — crych 
dyrchafedig, anapaest. — dyrcknfedig, 
— talgrwn, iambus. — rhywiog, tro- 
chee. — tnvm, tribrach 

corfaniaeth, nf, scansion 

corfannu, v, to scan 

corfedw, np (-en, nf), dwarf birch 

corfran, train, nf, jackdaw 

corfl, cyrff, fcorffau, fcorffoedd, fcorff- 
oroedd, n, body; corpse; social body; 
nave (of church). Yr hen Gory, Y 
Cory, the Calvinistic Methodist con- 
nexion 

corffllyn, n, bodyf; corpuscle, atom 

corflBo, V, to starve with cold 

tcorfflan -nau, nf, burial-place 

corfflu -oedd, n, corps 

corHog, corffol, a, corpulent, bulky 

corffolaeth, nf, stature, personality; 
bodily form; whole 

corffoU, V, to embody, to incorporate 

corfforaeth -au, nf, corporation 

corfloraethol, a, corporate 

corffori, V, to embody; to incorporate 

tcorfforoedd, teorfforion, pis. of corfl 

corflorol, a, bodily, corporeal, corporal, 
physical 

corffyn, n, body (dim. of corfl) 

corgan -au, nf, chant 

corganu, v, to chant 

corgeiniad, iaid, n, chorister, chanter 

corgi, gwn, n, cur 



COR 



corgimwch, ychiaid, n, prawn 

corhedydd -ion, n, titlark 

corhwyad, aid, nf, teal 

tcoriar, ieir, nf, bantam; partridge 

corlan -nau, nf, sheep-fold, pen 

corlannu, 7', to fold, to pen 

corn, cyrn, n, horn; trumpet, clarion; 
pipe, tube, stethoscope; roll; com. 
Corn aradr, plough-handle, plough- 
tail. — carw, stag's-horn. — carw'r 
mar, samphire. — chwyth, — y geg, 

— gwddf, — gwynt, trachea, wind- 
pipe. — mwg, — simnai, chimney. 

— pori, gullet. — y gynnen, ring- 
leader. Ar ei gorn, on his account. 
Yn ei gorn, in swaddling-clothes 

cornaid, eidiau, w, hornful 

cornant, nentydd, fnaint, nf, brook, rill 

cornbig -au, n, sea-pike 

cornboer, n, expectoration, phlegm 

cornbriddo, v, to tear up the ground 

with the horns 
cornchwigl(en), chwiglod, nf, lapwing 
corndagu, v, to hack, to hawk 
corned -au, n, comet 
cornel -au -i, nf, corner, angle 
cornelog, a, cornered, angular 
cornelu, v, to corner; to capture; to hide 

(Isa. XXX. 20) 
cornelyn, n, little nook 
corni, V, to grow horny; to rollf 
cornicyll -od, n, lapwing; plover 
cornio, V, to horn, to butt 
corniog, a, horned; horny 
tcornog, a, chimneyed 
corner -ion, n, horn-blower, bugler 
tcornor -ion, n, leader 
cornwyd -ydd, n, boil, abscess, sore; 

pestilence 
cornwydlyd, a, ' full of sores ' (Luke 

xvi. 20) 
coron -au, anau, nf, crown, diadem 
coronbleth -au, nf, diadem, chaplet, 

wreatli 
coronedigactfa, nf, coronation (2 Mace. 

iv. 21) 

tcoronhau, ?;=coroni 
coroni, V, to crown: n, coronation 
eoroniad, n, coronation 
coronig, nf, coronet; corolla 
coronllys, n, peony 
coronog, a, having a crown, crowned 
corpws, n, body (facetious) 
corrach, corachod, n, dwarf, pygmy 
89 



COR 

corres, nf, female dwarf 

corri, V, to dwarf 

corryn, corynnod, n, dwarf, pygmy; 

spider 
cors -ydd, nf, bog, swamp, fen 
corsen -nau, cyrs, nj, reed; stem, stalk; 

cane 
corsennaidd, a, reedy 
corsennog, a, full of reeds, reedy 
tcorsied, nf, gorget 
corslyd, corsog, a, boggy, marshy 
eorstir -oedd, », bog, swamp 
corswigen, eorswig, nf, guelder rose 
tcort, cyrt, cortyn -nau, n, cord, rope 
tcortyn -nau, n, tcorten -ni, nf, curtain, 

hanging 
corun -au, n, crown, top; tonsuret 
tcorunog, a, tonsured 
tcorus, n, a measure of capacity found 

in I Kings iv. 22 and 2 Chron. xxvii. 

5. (Lat. from Heb.) 
corwalch, weilch, n, sparrow-hawk 
corwg, ygau, corwgl, yglau, n, coracle; 

trunkt, carcaset 
corwynt -oedd, n, whirlwind, hurricane 
coryglwr, wyr, n, coracle-raau 
coryn -au, n, crown of the head (corun) 
corynfoel, a, bald-pated; having the 

crown sliorn : n, shaveling 
cos, cosfa, feydd, nf, itching 
cosb -au, nf, punishment, chastisement, 

penalty 
cosbadwy, a, punishable 
tcosbawd, n, punishment 
cosbedigaeth -au, nf, punishment, chas- 
tisement 
cosbedigol, cosbedigaethol, a, punitive, 

retributive, penal 
cosbi, V, to punish, to chastise 
cosblong -au, nf, galley 
cosbol, a, punitive, penal 
cosbwr, wyr, cosbydd -ion, n, punisher 
cosfa, feydd, nf, itch, itching; beating, 

thrashing. Rhoi cosfa i, to belabour, 

to thrash (fam.) 
tcosgordd -ion, nf, retinue = gosgordd 
cosi, V, to scratch; to itch : n, itching 
cost -au, nf, cost, charge, expense 
cost -iau, n, coast 
tcostawci, cwn, n, cur 
costfawr, a, costly, expensive 
costio, tcosti, V. to cost; to expend, to 

bear expense; to provide at one's 

expense 



CRA 

costog, a, surly; morose: n, cur, mastiff; 
churl 

costO'^i, V, to grow surly 

costrel -au -i, nf, bottle 

costrelaid, eidiau, nf, bottleful 

costrelan, nt, small bottle, phial 

costrelu, v, to bottle 

costus, a, costly, dear, expensive 

costwm, n, custom 

cosyn -nau, caws, n, a cheese 

tcot -laid, n, churl, niggard, miser 

cot, cotiau, nf, coat 

cota, a, fem. of cwta 

fcota, nf, coat 

fcotardi, n, tunic 

cotiar, ieir, nf, coot 

cotio, V, to spay sows 

coton, cotn, n, cotton 

cotwra, tymau, n, cotton 

cotymaidd, cotymog, a, cottony 

tcotyn, cotiaid, n, miser, niggard, churl 

cowlaid, eidiau, u/=coflaid 

cowlas, n, part adjoining barn whence 
fodder is fed to animals in stalls 

cownsio, t;=cowntio 

cownt, n, account (cyfrif) 

cowntio, V, to count, to reckon, to 
calculate 

cowper, n, cooper 

cowpog, n & nf, cow-pox, vaccinatioa 

cowrt, ;;., court; front garden of cot- 
tage 

fcowyll -ion, n, marriage gift (legal) 

tcowyn, n, plague, pestilence 

crab, -n, crab; wrinkle : a, crabbed 

crabas, np, crab-apples 

crabed, a, crabbed 

crabi, n, crookedness, crook; a, crooked, 
bent 

crabio, v, to stunt, to shrink 

crablyd, a, crabbed, stunted, shrunk 

crabys, »/> (-yn, «, -en, nf), crab-apples 

crac, a, angry (dial.) 

crac -iau, n, crack 

cracio, V, to crack 

craciog, a, cracked 

crach, np (-en, nf), scabs; itch; mange 

crach, a, scabby; mangy; dwarf; petty, 
puny 

crachboer, n, phlegm 

crachboeri, v, to expectorate, to spit 

crachennu, v, to scab 

crachfardd, feirdd, n, poetaster 

crachfeddyg -on, n, quack doctor 
90 



CRA 

crachfonedd, n, snobbishness 
crachtonheddig, a, snobbish 
crachfonheddwr, wyr, n, snob 
crachgoed, np, shoots from stump of 

felled tree 
crachlyd, crachog, a, scabby; mangy 
fcraesod, n, cresset 

fcraesewi, v, to welcome, to entertain 
tcraf, en, claws; garlic. — y gerddi, 

garlic 
crafangio, crafangu, v, to claw, to 

clutch, to grab 
crafangog, a, clawed 
crafangwr, wyr, n, grasper, grabber 
crafanc, angau, nf, claw; talon; clutch. 

— y frân, crowfoot 
erafat -iau, n, cravat, scarf 
crafell -au -i, nf, scraper, rasp; comb; 

slice 
crafellu, v, to scrape, to rasp; to comb; 

to slice 
craflad -au, n, scratch 
crafion, creifion, np, scrapings; shavings 
crafu, V, to scrape, to rasp; to rub; to 

scratch, to rake: n, the itch 
crafwr, wyr, n, scraper, rasper; scratcher 
crafl -au, n, clasp; cramp; hold, grip 
craff, a, close; tenacious; secure; intent; 

quick, keen, sharp, sagacious 
tcrafîaidd, a, keen 

craffter, n, keenness, sharpness, saga- 
city, skill 
craffu, V, to secure hold; to look closely, 

to observe intently 
craffus, a, penetrating, piercing, keen 
.cragen, cregyn, nf, shell; callosity; 

potsherd 
crangen -nau, «/, a wen 
crai, n. See crau 
crai, a, new; fresh; raw. Bcira oral, 

unleavened bread 
craidd, creiddiau, 7j, middle, centre ; heart 
craig, creigiau, nf, rock, crag 
fcrain, a, prostrate, prone 
crair, ereiriau, n, relic ; object of 

worship or veneration; gem, jewel; 

token, curio 
craith, ereithiau, nf, scar, cicatrice 
cramen -nau, nf, scab; crust 
cramennog, a, crusted, scabby 
cramennu, v, to scab over; to crust 
cramwyth -au, nf, pancake 
cram wy then, nf, pancake 
crane -od, n, crab; cancerf 



CRE 

crand, a, grand 

crandrwyddj n, grandeur, finery 

crap -iau, n, hold, grip; smattering, 

idea, notion 
crapiedydd -ion, n, grapple, grapnel 
crapio, V, to grapple; to snatch, to 

pick up 
eras, creision, a, parched, baked, 

scorched, dry, arid; rough, harsh, 

grating; rude; sharp: n, what is 

parched 
crasboeth, a, parched; scorched, torrid 
crasbys, en, parched pulse (2 Sam. 

xvii. 28) 
crasdant, dannau, n, a sharpened harp- 
string 
crasdir, n, parched ground, dry land 
crasfa, feydd, nf, sound beating, basting, 

thrashing 
tcrasgalaf, en, dry reeds 
crasgnoi, v, to crunch 
crasiad, n, baking 

craslyd, a, harsh, grating ; scorched 
erasodyn, a, kiln-dried 
crasog, a, rough, harsh 
craster, n, aridity; harshness 
crasu, V, to parch, to scorch; to roast, 

to bake; to toast; to beat, to baste, 

to thrash 
craswr, wyr, n, parcher, dryer; baker 
crasyd, en, parched com (Ruth ii. 14) 
crau, creuau, n, perforation, aperture. 

— nodwydd, the eye of a needle. 

— arf, helve socket 
tcrau, toreu, n, gore, blood 
tcrau, tcreu -on, n, pigsty 
tcraw, «: sty, hovel, hut 
tcraw, n, incrustation, crust 
crawc -iau, n, croak 

crawcio, crawcian, v, to croak, to caw 
erawewellt, n, tall coarse grass 
crawel, np. See cyrawel 
crawen -nau, nf, crust 
crawennog, a, crusted, crusty 
crawennu, v. to crust to encrust 
crawn, n, treasuret; matter, pus 
crawni, v, to gather, to suppurate 
crawnllyd, a, purulent 
cread, n, creation; the universe 
creadigaeth -au, nf, creation 
creadigol, a, creative; created 
creadur -iaid, n, creature; animal 
tcreadur, i!/=crefadur 
creadures -au, nf, creature 
91 



c-^c 



.MA^ urvv^ 



CRE 

tcreaduriaeth, »/, creation 

tcreadwrlaeth, n & nf, creation (Mark 
xiii. 19) 

creawdwr, wyr, creawdydd -ion, tcre- 
awdr, odron, n, creator 

crebach, a, shrunk, witliered 

crebachlyd, a, shrunk, crabbed, wrinkled 

crebachu, v, to shrink, to shrivel, to 
contract 

crebwyll -ion, n, invention, fancy 

crebychu, v— crebachu 

crec, creciad, n, chirping, crepitation 

Grecian, v, to chirp, to chatter; to 
crackle 

creciar, ieir, nf, corncrake, landrail 

crech, a, tern, of crych 

crechwen, nf, loud laughter, guffaw 

crechwenu, v, to laugh loudly, to 
guffaw 

crechydd -ion, n, heron=crychyd(1 

cred -au, nf, belief, faith; religion; 
pledge, assaranre, troth; trust, re- 
liance, confidence; credit; Christen- 
dom. Cyn Cred, before the Christian 
era 

credadun -ion, credinwyr, n, believer: 
«t. believing; credible 

tcredaduniaeth, nf, belief 

credadwy, a, credible; believingf 

credadyn, credinwyr, n. believer 

crediniaeth, nf, belief 

credinloi, a, believing 

credo -au, n & nf, creed, belief 

tcredofydd, n, lord of faith 

credu, v, to believe; to credit; to per- 
suade oneself 

tcreduniaeth, ;;/, belief 

credwr, wyr, n, believer 

credyd, n, credit 

fcredd -au, n, temper; disposition 

fcreddyf, etc., metathesis for crcfydd, 
etc. 

croëdig, a, created, formed 

tcrëedigaeth, w/=creadigaeth 

cref, af, strong, powerful: m. cryf 

tcrefadur -iau, nf, the dura mater 

crefu, V, to cry; to crave, to beg, to 
implore 

cref ydd -au, nf & nf religion, devotion; 
ordert; ordinancef 

crefydda, v, to profess religion; to per- 
form religious duties; to belong to 
a churcti 

crefydd-dy, dai, n, a religious house 



CRE 



crefyddes -au, nf, religious woman; 
religieuse, nun 

crefyddgar, a, religious, devout, pious 

crefyddol, a, religious, devout, pious 

crefyddolder, n, religiousness, piety 

tcrefyddus, a= crefyddol 

tcrefyddwas, n, (young) religieux; 
acolyte 

crefyddwisg, nf, religious habit or 
vestment 

crefyddwr, wyr, n, a professor of re- 
ligion ; a religious or professedly 
religious nran, a religionist; a re- 
ligioner, a religieux, cleric, fclerk 

crefyddwraig, nf, religious woman; 
religieuse 

creSt -au, nf, handicraft ; trade 

crefltwaith, n, workmanship, crafts- 
manship, handicraft, handiwork 

crefTtwr, wyr, n, craftsman, mechanic 

creffyn -nau, n, brace, clasp 

creflynnu, v, to brace, to gird, to fasten 

creglais, leisiau, n, hoarse voice, croak, 
yell 

cregloisiu, v, to scream liarslily; to croak, 
to yell 

tcreglyd, a, hoarse, harsh = cryglyd 

fcreglyn, M=criglyn 

eregyn, np (cragen, crogen, nf), shells. 
— gleision, mussels. — gwynion, 
cockles. — heddwch, oof, cash. — 
moLh, whelks. Pysgod ciegyn, shell- 
fish, limpets 

eregyna, v, to gather shells 

cregyafa -oedd, feydd, rf, shell-heap; 
collection of shells 

cregynog, a, having shells, cregynogion, 
testacea 

cregynydd -ion, n, conchologist 

eregynyddiaeth, nf, conchology 

fcregyr -on, n, heron 

crehyryn, n, gad-fly 

creider, n, freshness, purity 

tcreiddio, v, to pervade, to penetrate 

tcreifiant, n, pardon, forgiveness 

creifion, np, scrapings, leavings 

creigfa -oedd, feydd, nf, rockery; reef 

creigfynydd -oedd, n, rocky mountain, 
crag 

creigbalen, n, rock-salt; saltpetre, nitre 

creigiog, a, rocky, craggy 

creigiwr, wyr, n, quarryman 

creiglan -nau, lennydd, nf, rocky 
shore 

92 



CRE 

ereigle -oedd, n, rocky place (Matt, 
xiii. 3) 

tcreiglethr, n/, crag, cliff, precipice 

creigolew, n, rock-oil ; petroleum 

tcreilwg, np (creilygen, »/), charred 
furze 

■fcreilwm, a, freshly bared 

tcreilygu, v, to burn furze 

tcreinio, v, to wallow; to lie or fall 
down ; to cringe, to grovel 

tcreiniol, a, wallowing, rolling 

creinsio, creinsian, v to grind, to crunch 

fereio, v, to freshen ; to brisken 

creirfa -oedd, «/, place for relics; re- 
liquary; museum 

tcreirhau, v, to swear by rehcs 

tcreiries -au, nf, gem, jewel; a beauty 

tcreirio, v, to swear by relics ; to 
attest 

fcreisier -au, n, furnace 

fcreisierydd -ion, n, calciner 

creision, np (-en, nf), calcined matter; 
dross of anything burnt ; cinders 
(Isa. Ixiv. 2) — pi. of eras 

creisioni, v, to calcine 

creithen -nau, nf, cicatrice, scar 

creithio, v, to cicatrize 

creithiog, a, full of scars, scarred 

crempog -au, nf, pancake 

crempogen, nf, pancake 

crencyn, n, small crab 

crensio, v, to grind, to crunch 

creol, a, creative 

tcrepa -od, n, crabbed dwarf 

crepaeh, a, withered, numb : nf, numb- 
ness 

crepian, v, to creep, to hobble 

crepianog, a, creeping : -au -od, nf, 
creeper; tree-creeper (bird) 

teres, n = crys 

tcresawu, r=croesawu 

tcreso, M=eroeso 

crest, en, scurf; crust, incrustation; 
scum ; dregs 

eresten, nf, crusted surface; crust 

crestennu, v, to gather scurf 

crestog, a, crusted over, scurfy 

crestu, V, to incrustate 

fcreth -au, n, disposition; purpose 

creu, V, to create 

tcrëu, V, to croak 

tcrëu, V, to crave, to implore (crefu) 

tcreuan -au, nf, the cranium 

tcreudde, a, bloody, gory 



CRI_ 

creulawn,creuIon,a, bloodyf sangumet; 

hot-blooded+ ; cruel, terrible 
creulondeb, ereulonder -au, «, cruelty. 

creulonderau, cruelties, atrocities 
creuloni, v, to be or become cruel 
tcreulyd, a, bloody, gory 
creulys, nf, groundsel 
crewcian, v, to caw, to croak 
erëwr, crewyr, n, creator, former 
crewtian, crewtio, v, to whine, to pule 
crewyn, n, crop; rick; potato heap; 

the last load of corn; shed (crowyn) 
crewyn, n= crawen 
creydd, hyddion, creyr, hyrod, n, heron; 

gad-fly. Creyr glas, heron 
cri -au, n, cry, clamour 
cri, a, rough, rude; raw; fresh. Bara 

cri, unleavened bread. Lliain cri, 

unbleached linen (Ecclus. xl. 4) 
criafol, en, mountain-ash berries. Cri- 

afolen, Pren criafol, mountain-ash 
erib -au, nf, comb, crest; summit, 

ridge: n & nf, (hair) comb. Crihau'r 

bleiddiau, burdock. Cribau Sunt 

Ffraid, wood betony. Cribau Mair, 

lady's comb, milk-thistle. Cribau'r 

pannwr, fuller's teasel 
cribach -au, n, hay-hook 
eribddail, nf, extortion; rapine 
cribddeilgar, a, grasping, extortionate, 

avaricious 
tcribddeiliedig -ion, a, extortionate, 

ravening 
eribddeilio, v, to grab, to extort; to 

spoilt, to piundert; to ravisht 
cribddeiliwr, wyr, n, extortioner 
cribell -au, nf, cock's comb; crest, ridge; 

yellow rattle 
eribin -iau, nf, hay-rake, rake 
cribinio, v, to rake 
cribinion, np, rakings 
crlbiniwr, wyr, n, raker; scraper, raiser 
cribion, np, combings 
cribo, V, to comb; to card 
tcribod, n, honey-comb 
cribog, a, indented; crested; steep, 

sheer 
cribwr, wyr, n, comber; carder 
eric, n, crick 
crie(i)ed, n, cricket 
criciedwr, wyr, n, cricketer 
crlglyn -nau, n, trace, vestige, scrap 
crimog -au, nf, shin; greave 
crimogi, V, to kick shins 

93 



CR I 

erìmp -au -iau, «, shin; sharp ridge 

tcrimpaid, nf, pinch 

crimpen -nod, nf, stingy woman, scrimp 

crimpio, V, to crimp, to crisp 

crimpiog, a, crimp, crisp 

crimprew, n, crisp sharp frost 

orin, a, withered; sear; dry; niggardf 

terinca, a, crimp, crisp 

orinder, n, aridity 

crindir, n, arid ground, desert 

fcrinell -au, nf, dry stick 

crinellu, v, to dry up; to crack; to 
creak 

cringoch, a, ginger, red (of hair) 

crinllyd, a, withered, sear 

crinllys, en, the violet 

crino, V, to wither; to dry up 

crinsian, v, to crunch, to grind 

erinsycli, a, crisp; parched 

crintach, crintachlyd, a, niggardly, 
stingy 

orintachrwydd, n, niggardliness 

crintachu, v, to scrimp, to skimp, to 
stint 

fcrinwas, weis, n, niggard. Mab y 
crinwas, miser, skinflint 

crinwydd, en, dry brushwood 

crio, V, to cry; to clamour; to weep 

crip -iau, n, scratch; notch 

cripiad -au, n, scratch 

cripian, v, to keep scratching; to crawl 

cripil, n, cripple 

cripio, V, to scratch, to claw; to climb, 
to creep 

tcrisbin, a, dry, crisp; withered 

cris-groes, nf, criss-cross 

fcrisial, tcrisialt, tcrisiallt, fcrisiant, 
tcristal, tcristial, fcrystal, n, crystal 

tCristianogaidd, fCristianogol, a. Chris- 
tian 

tCristianoges, w/= Cristionoges 

tCristianus, a, Christian, Christianly 

Cristion -ogion, n, Cliristian: a, Christian 

Cristionogaeth, nf, Christianity; Chris- 
tendomt 

Cristionogaidd, a. Christian 

Cristionogeiddio, v, to Christianize 

Cristionoges -au, nf, female Christian 

Cristionogi, v, to Christianize; to be- 
come Christian 

Cristionogol, a. Christian, Christianly 

tCristionogrwydd, n, Christianity 

tCristynogaeth, nf, Christianity 

tCristynogion, np, Christians 



CRO 

criw -iau, n, crew 
eriwr, wyr, n, crier 
croca, a, fem. of crwca 
fcrocaw, v, to hang, to crucify 
crocbont -ydd, nf, suspension bridge 
crocbren -nau -ni, n & nf, gallows, 

gibbet 
crocbris -iau, n, exorbitant price 
crocodil -laid, n, crocodile 
crocodilaidd, a, crocodilian 
tcroewydd, »=crogwydd 
croch, a, vehement, forcible; eager; 

loud 
crochan -au, n, pot, boiler, cauldron 
crochanaid, eidiau, n, potful 
crochenydd -ion, n, potter 
crochenyn, n, little pot 
crochlals, leisiau, n, harsh or loud 

voice 
crochlef -au, nf, shout, roar 
crochlefain, crochleisio, v, to shout, to 

roar 
orochon, anau, n= crochan 
crochwaedd, nf, shout, roar 
crochwaeddi, crochweiddi, v, to shout, 

to roar, to vociferate 
eroen, crwyn, n, skin, hide; peel, rind. 

Croen gwvdd, goose-flesh 
croen-deneu, a, thin-skinned, touchy, 

sensitive 
croendew, a, thick-skinned, pachyderm- 
atous; insensible, callous 
croenddu, a, black-skinned, swarthy 
croenen -nau, nf, cuticle: m. croenyn 
croengaled, a, hard-skinned, callous 
croengrychu, v, to wrinkle skin 
croeni, croenio, v, to form skin, to skin 

over 
croeniach, a, unhurt, unharmed, un- 
scathed 
croenlan, a, fair-skinned 
croenilwm, am, callow, naked: /, 

croenllom 
croenog, a, having a skin 
croenol, a, cutaneous 
croenydd -ion, », currier, fellmonger 
croenyn -nau, n, thin skin, pellicle, 

cuticle 
croes -au, nf, cross; crucifix; affliction, 

adversity. Croes naid : see fnaid 
croes aJ, n, transept 
croes -ion, a, cross, transverse. Yn 

groes i, contrary to; across 
tcroesadiad, iaid, n, crusader 
94 



CRO 

tcroesan -iaid, n, buffoon; jester 
jcroesanaeth, n/, buffoonery; ribaldry 
tcroesanaidd, a, ribald 
croesaw, n, welcome, entertainment, 

hospitality: v, to welcome, to receive, 

to entertain 
croesawgar, a, hospitable 
croesawiad, n, welcome, reception 
croesawu, v, to welcome 
croesawus, a, hospitable; welcome 
eroesbren -nau, n & «/, cross 
croesdynnu, v, to contend, to wrangle 
croesddulliog, a, cruciform 
fcroesed, nf, crosier 
CToesedig, a, crossed, cross 
tcroesewi, 1;= croesawu 
croesffon, flyn, nf, cross-staff 
eroesflordd, ffyrdd, nf, cross-road 
croesflurf(iog), a, cruciform 
croesgad -au, nf, crusade 
croesgadwr, wyr, n, crusader 
croeshoeliad, n, crucifixion 
croeshoeliedig, a, crucified 
croeshoelio, v, to crucify 
croeshoeliwr, wyr, n, crucifier 
croesholi, v, to cross-examine 
croesholiad -au, n, cross-examination 
croesi, V, to cross; to cross out, to erase, 

to cancel 
croesig, nf, little cross 
croesineb, n, crossness 
croeslath -au, nf, purlin; cross-beam 
croesni, n, crossness, perverseness 
croeso, w= croesaw 
tcroesog -ion, n, crusader 
croeswr, wyr, n, crosser; cross-bearer 
croeswynt -oedd, n, cross-wind, contrary 

wind 
croesymgroes, a, criss-cross; vice-versa 
croew, etc. See croyw 
crofen -nau, M/=crawen 
crofft -au -ydd, nf, croft 
crog -au, nf, cross; crucifix. Gŵyl y 

Grog, Holy Cross Day, Holy Rood 

Day, Sept. 14 
crog, a, hanging, pendent, overhanging. 

Yng nghrog, hanging, suspended 
terogaw, v. to hang, to crucify 
crogbren, n. See crocbren 
crogedig, a, suspended, hanging 
fcrogedigaeth -au, nf, hanging, cruci- 
fixion 
crogedyf, nf, dropwort 
crogell y coed, nf, missel-thrush 



CRO 

crogen -nau, nf, gill; jaw 

crogen, cregyn, n/, shell=eragen 

crogfa, feydd, nf, hanging 

crogl, V, to hang, to suspend 

crogiad -au, n, hanging 

croglath -au, nf, springe, a gin, snare 

tcrogleisio, v, to croak 

croglen -ni, nf, hanging, curtain 

Croglith -iau, n & nf, the service of the 

cross. Dydd Gwener y Groglith, Good 

Friday 
croglotft -ydd, nf, cock-loft, garret 
crogwely -au, n, hammock 
crogwr, wyr, n, hangman 
tcrogwydd, n, cross, gallows, gibbet 
fcrogyn, n, one fit for hanging, hangdog 
cronglwyd -i, nf, roof -hurdle; roof 

(chiefly in phrase. Tan gronglwyd) 

= cromglwyd 
crom, af, bending, bowed: m. crwra 
tcromach -au, nf, leg, shank 
crombeithyn -au, nc (-en, nf), ridge 

tiles 
crombil -iau, n & nf, the craw, crop, or 

gorge of a bird; gizzard; heart, 

bowels, depth (fig.) 
crombilaid, eidiau, n & nf, crawful, 

cropful 
cromell -au, nf, arc 
cromen -nau, nf, dome, cupola 
cromfach -au, nf, bracket, crotchet, 

parenthesis; circumflex. Rhwngcrom- 

fachait, parenthetically 
eromgafell -au -oedd, nf, apse 
eromgell -au -oedd, nf, vault 
tcromglwyd -i, nf, thatch-hurdle, roof 
cromlech -au, nf, prehistoric monument 

so called, consisting of a huge flat 

stone resting on several upright ones 
tcromlech -ydd, nf, hole, cave, cavern, 

' cleft ' (Isa. vii. 19) 
tcromnen -nau, ni, arched roof, vault 
cron, af, round, circular: m. crwn 
crondoddaid, nf, navelwort 
cronfa, feydd, nf, receptacle; reservoir; 

a dam; collection; fund 
cronicl -au, nf, chronicle 
croniclo, v, to chronicle 
croniclwr, croniclydd, n, chronicler 
tcronig, tcronigl, n, chronicle 
cronnell, ellau, nf, sphere, globe 
cronni, v, to ■ oJlert, to hoard; to dam 
crop -iau, n, crop 
cropa -od, nf, crop, craw; gizzard 
95 



JCRO 

cropian, v, to creep, to crawl, to grope 
cropio, V, to crop 
eroten -nod, crotes -au -i, n/, girl 
crotyn, n, boy, lad (fain.) : /. eroten 
croth -au, nf, bulge; womb; bellyt 

Croih coes, calf ot the leg 
crothaid, eidiau, nf, wombful, con- 
ception 
crothell -au, nf, womb 
crothell, crythyll, nf, stickleback 
crothog, a, bulging, swollen, distended 
tcrowyn, n, pigsty; belly; hamper; 

bow-net 
croy w, a, clear, plain, distinct ; fresh. 

Bara croyw, unleavened bread 
croywber, a, sweet, dulcet, tuneful, 

melodious 
croywder, n, clearness; freshness 
croywi, V, to clear; to freshen 
croyv/lym, a, sharp, acute 
fcrubothon, n, wolf-cub 
crud -au, n, cradle. (Commonly but 

wrongly spelt cryd) 
tcrued, tcruwed, n, cruet, phial, vial 
crug -iau, n, heap, tump; barrow; stack 
crug -au -oedd, n, sore, boil, ulcer, 

abscess, pustule 
crugdardd, n, pustule 
crugdarddu, v, to break out in pustules 
crugio, V, to heap; to swell 
crugiog, a, having heaps 
tcrugleisio, D=cregleisio 
cruglwyth -i n, heap, pile 
cruglwytho, v, to heap, to pile up; to 

overload 
cruglyn, n, scrap (criglyn) 
crugo, V, to vex, to plague; to fret, to 

chafe 
crugyn -nau, n, (small) heap 
crupl, crupil, pi. cruplaid, n, cripple 
tcruwed, n. See crued 
crwb, crybau, n, hump, hunch 
erwb, u, croup 

crwbach, crybachau, n, hook, crook 
crwban, crybanod, n, tortoise. — môr, 

turtle 
crwbi, a, convex, hooked; hunchbacked : 
n, hump. Trwyn crwbi, Roman nose 
crwbio. V, to bend, to stoop 
crwc, cryciau, n, bucket, pail 
crwca, am, crooked, bowed, bent: /. 

croca 
crwcwd, n=cwrcwd 
crwd, n, round lump 



CRW 



fcrwg, crygau, n, crook, hook; hump 
crwm, a, bent, bowed; convex, con- 
cave: /. crom 

crwmacli, crymachau, n, convexity; 
stoop, double 

crwmffast, M = crymffast 

crwmp, «, rump, crupper 

crwn, a, round, circular; all-round; 
complete, entire, total: /. cron 

crwn, crynion, n, round, circle 

crwner -iaid, n, crowner, coroner 

crwper, n, crupper 

crwsad -au, n, crusade 

crwst, crystiau, n, crust, hard surface 

erwt, crytiaid, n, boy, lad (fam.) 

crwtyn, n, boy, lad (fam.) : /. eroten 

crwth, crythau, n, anything rotund or 
convex! ; an old Welsh instrument 
of the violin type; a violin; hump. 
Crwth halen, salt-box 

crwthi, a, hunch-backed 

crwybr -au, «, scumf, hoarfrost; honey- 
comb 

crwydr, crwydr(i)ad -au, n, wandering. 
Ar grwydr, wandering, astray 

crwydtad, crwydriad, iaid, n, vagabond, 
vagrant, stroller 

tcrwydrad, a, wandering, errant. March- 
og crwydrad, knight-errant 

tcrwydrai, eion, nc, vagrant, vagabond 

crwydraidd, a, vagabond (Acts xix. 13) 

tcrwydr-ddyn -ion, «= crwydryn 

crwydredig, a, strayed, astray; wander- 
ing, strolling, vagrant 

orwydredigaeth, nf, vagrancy 

crwydren, nf, vagrant woman 

crwydro, v, to wander, to stray, to 
roam ; to digress 

crwydrol, a, wandering, straying, stroll- 
ing, roaming, nomadic 

crwydrus, a, wandering, vagabond, 
fugitive (Isa. xxi. 14) 

erwydrwr, wyr, n, wanderer, rover 

crwydrydd -ion, «= erwydrwr 

crwydryn, crwydriaid, n, vagrant, tramp 

crwynllys, n, gentian 

crwynwr, wyr, n, skinner, currier 

tcrwys, np, crosses 

tcrwys -au, nf, cross = eroes. Dan ei 
grwys, laid out for burial 

tcrwysedd, n, contention (eywrysedd) 

tcrwysgad -au, ;;/, crusade 

crwysgadwr, wyr, n, criisader 

tcrwysedd, »=cywry<;edd, eyfrysedd 
96 



CRY 

crybachu, v, to shrink, to shrivel, to 

wrinkle, to pucker 
crybibion.np, shreds, tatters, smithereens 
crybwyll -ion, n, mention, allusion, 

notice 
crybwyll, crybwyllo, v, to mention, to 

alhide to, to liint, to intimate 
fcrybwyllaid, a, uttered 
cry bwy Iliad, n, mention, notice, reference 
crybychlyd, a, puckered, wizened 
crybychu, v, to shrink, to wrinkle 
crycydu, w cyrcydu 
crych -ion, n, wrinkle; ripple 
crych, a, wrinkled; rumpled; rippling; 

curly; crisp; quavering, tremulous 
crychdon -nau, «/, ripple 
crychdonni, v, to ripple 
crychedd, n, roughness, curliness 
crychiad -au, «, wrinkling; shake (mus.) 
crychiant, n, curliness 
crychias, «/, ebullition: a, bubbUng 
crychlais, leisiau, n, broken voice; 

quaver 
crychlam -au, ii, caper 
crychlyd, a, wrinkled, puckered 
cryehnaid, neidiau, iif, skip, caper 
crychneidio, v, to skip, to frisk, to caper 
crychni, n, curliness; wrinkle (Eph. 

V.27) 

crychnod -au, n, quaver 
crychnodwydd -au, «/, curling-pin (Isa. 

lii. 22) 

crychrawn, a, frizzly- haired or maned 
crychu, v, to wrinkle, to pucker, to 

crimp; to curl, to crisp, to frizz; to 

rufHe, to ripple. Llinyn crychu, 

draw-string, knittle 
crychydd -ion, n, heron 
crychyn -nau, n, quaver 
cryd -iau, n, shivering, trembUng; fever; 

ague. — cywa/rtu, rheumatism. — a 

mwyth, ague, intermittent fever. — 

melyn, jaundice 
cryd (wrongly for crud), n, cradle 
fcryder, fcryd-der, n, trepidation 
crydio, r, to shiver, to tremble 
tcrydr, n, armour, defence 
crydu, v, to shiver, to tremble; to cause 

to shiver 
crydwellt, n, quaking grass 
crydwst, «/, shivering fit, tremor; ague 
crydd -ion, n, shoemaker, cordwainer, 

cobbler 
crydda, v, to cobble 
7 



CRY 

foryddaniaeth, eryddiaeth, n/, shoe- 
making, shoemaker's trade 

fcryddu, v, to waste, to pine 

cryf, a, strong, mighty, powerful: /. cref 

tcryfachu, i'=cyrfachu 

cryfbair, «, tonic 

cryfder, cryfdwr, n, strength, might 

cryfhaol, a, strengthening; invigorating; 
restorative, tonic 

cryfhau, v, to strengthen ; to grow strong 

cryg, a, hoarse; harsh, rough: /. creg 

crygi, erygni, n, hoarseness, roughness 

cryglais, leisiau, n, croak; yell 

erygleisio, v, to croak; to yell 

cryglus, up, cranberries 

cryglyd, a, hoarse, raucous 

cryglyn, ;i=criglyn 

crygu, w, to make or become hoarse 

crygwst, )(/, croup 

cryhyr -od, n, heron 

cryman -au, n, reaping-hook, sickle 

crymanu, v, to use a sickle 

crymanwr, wyr, n, reaper 

crymder, crymedd, n, bend, curve, 
convexity 

crymfach -au, ;i = cronifach 

crymflast, n, great grown lad, lout 

tcrymrudd, a, stooping and blood- 
stained 

crymu, v, to bow, to bend, to stoop 

crŷn, cryn, n, shake, quake : a, shaking, 
quaking. Daear grŷn, daeargryn, 
earthquake 

cryn, a, considerable; much. — dipyn, 
a good bit 

tcrynafon, nf, brook, stream 

crynder, crynedd, n, rotundity, round- 
ness 

cryndod, n, trembling, quaking, tremor, 
shiver, shivering, shudder 

crynedig, a. trembling, tremulous 

crynfa, feydd, nf, trembling, tremor 

tcrynfaen, fain, feini, n, pebble 

tcrynfarch, feirch, w, pony, nag, cob 

crynffast, n, great grown lad, lout 

cryn-gylch -au, n, circle 

crynhoad, n, compendium, summary; 
collection; making tidy or trim 

crynhoi, v, to collect, to gather, to 
gather together, to epitomize, to 
summarize, to sum up 

cryniad -au, n, tremor, vibration 

cryno, a, compact, compendious, suc- 
cinct; trim, neat, tidy; meet, proper 
97 



CRY 

crynodeb, n, summary, epitome, syn- 
opsis; compendium 
crynodebu, v, to summarize, to epito- 
mize 
crynoder, n, compactness, succinctness 
crynog -au, n/, eiglit bushel measure 

— ymerodrol, imperial quarter 
erynswth, n, mass, bulk, whole 
crynu, v, to shiver, to tremble, to 
quiver, to quake; to chatter (of 
teeth) 
tcrynwas, weis, weision, n, puny youth, 

sorry fellow 
jcrynweisat, n, puny youth 
Crynwr, wyr, n, Quaker 
tcrynwr, wyr, n, puny person 
tcrynŵraidd, a, rude, rustic, boorish 
crynwraidd, np (wreiddyn, n), bulbous 

roots 
Crynyddiaeth, ni, Quakerism 
crŷr, cryrod, )(, heron 
crys -au, u, shirt; shift, chemise. Crys 

main, white shirt 
crysbais, beisiau, nf, waistcoat, jacket, 

blouse, monkey-jacket 
tcrysfad -au, n, bishop's confirmation 
torysgwyddad, w, conflict, friction 
fcrysio, V, to hasten, to speed 
crystyn, crystiau, n, crust (dim. of crwst) 
crythor -ion -iaid, n, fiddler, violinist 
crythores -au, nf, fiddler, violinist 
crythwr, orion, u= crythor 
cryw -ion, n, slice; coulter; bow-net; 
wicker basket ; ford ; stepping-stones 
crywyn, n, slicer, coulter 
tcrywyn, n, pen, sty, pigsty 
cu, a, dear, beloved, fond, affectionate, 
kind, amiable. Tad cu, grandfather. 
Mam gu, grandmother 
tcuall, a, stupid, oafish, ignorant; fierce, 

savage: n, dunce, blockhead, idiot 
tcuan -od, nf, owl 
•fcuas, a, dear, beloved 
jcuch, n, scowl, frown=cuwch 
ouchiau, up (cuwch, n), sulky looks 
cuchio, V, to scowl, to frown 
cuchiog, a, frowning, scowling, angry 
tcudab, tcudeb, n, aftection, kindness 
cudeg, a, fair and amiable, lovely 
cudyll -od, n, hawk = curyll 
cudyn -nau, n, lock (of hair), tuft 
cudd, ÍÎ, hidden, concealed, secret: n, 

concealment, hiding; secret, secrecy 
cuddan, cuddon -od, nf, wood-pigeon 



CUR 

cuddfa, íâu, feydd, nf, hiding-place; 

hoard 
cuddfan -nau, nf, hiding-place, retreat 
cuddiad, n, hiding. Cuddiad cryfder, 
the hiding of strength, the secret or 
source of power. (Hab. iii. 4) 
fcuddiadan, a, clandestine; private 
cuddiedig, a, hidden, concealed 
fcuddig, a, concealing 
tcuddigl, n. See cuddygl 
cuddio, V, to hide, to conceal 
tcuddiog, a, hidden; clandestine 
cuddiwr, wyr, n, hider, concealer 
cuddlen -ni, nf, hanging, curtain, veil 
cudd-swyddog -ion, n, detective 
tcuddygl, tcuddigl -au, », cubicle, cell, 

chamber 
tcueddserch, n, affection, love 
tcuflgl, fcufygl, H= cuddygl 
tcufodd, a, amiable, agreeable, urbane 
cufydd -au, n, cubit, half a yard 
cul -ion, a narrow; lean 
culder, n, narrowness; leanness 
culdir -oedd, n, narrow strip of land; 

isthmus 
culfa(n), nf, narrow passage, strait 
culfain, a, narrow and slender 
culfarn, a, narrow-minded 
culfor -oedd, n, narrow sea, strait 
jculfrith, a. narrow and spotted 
culfîordd, flyrdd, n, narrow way; defile, 

pass 
culhau, V. to narrow; to erow lean 
fculi, n, leanness, straitness, distress 
culni n, narrowness; leanness 
fculwydd, n, lord 
cun, a, dear, beloved; lovely=cu 
fcun -iaid, n, leader, chief, lord 
fcuniad, iaid, n, leader, chief, lord 
fcunllaith, «, mist 
cunnog, cunogau, nf, milk-pail 
cunogaid, eidiau, nf, pailful 
cunogyn, n, piggin 
cur -iau, n, anxiety; stroke; throb, ache, 

pain; affliction; cure, care, charge 
curad -iaid, n, curate 
curadiaeth -au, nf, curacy 
fcuran -au, n, boot, buskin 
euras -au, »/, cuirass 
curfa, feydd, nf, beating, flogging 
curiad -au, n, beat, throb, pulse, 

pulsation. — gii'cig, rest (mus.) 
tcurin, a, pelting 
curio, V, to pine, to vex; to waste 
98 



CUR 

curlaw, n, heavy rain, pelting rain 

curnen -nau, n/=eyrnen 

curnennu, i;=cyrnennu 

euro, V, to beat, to strike, to smite; to 

knock; to slap; to throb. Curodwy- 

law, to clap hands 
curwr, wyr, n, beater, striker, smiter 
curyll -od, n, hawk. — coch, kestrel. 

— glas, sparrow-hawk 
tcus -au, n, kiss 
cusan -au, n & nf, kiss. Cusan bwbach, 

scab on lip or cheek 
cusanu, v, to kiss 
oust, n, film; bloom 
tcusul, w=cysu! 
cut -iau, n, hovel, shed, sty. — ■ moch, 

pigsty 
cuwch, cuchiau, n, scowl, frown 
cuwch, a=cyfuwch 
fcuwchdrwm, a, lowering 
few, fcwd, tcwdd, ad, where, whence, 

whither 
cwac -iaid, n, quack 
Cwacer -laid, n, Quaker 
Cwaceriaeth, nf, Quakerism 
ewacyddiaeth, nf, quackery 
cwafr -au, n, quaver, flourish 
cwafrio, V, to quaver, to trill 
cẅan -od, n, owl : v, to hoot 
cẅar -au, ewer -i, n, share-beam 
cwar -rau, n, pane 
fewaran -au, nf, boot or shoe 
cware, n, quarry (S.W.) 
cwarel -i, n, pane of glass 
fcwarel -au, n, bolt from a cross-bow, 

quarrel 
tcwarelu, v, to quarrel 
cwart. cwarter. See chwart, chwarter 
ewartan, a, quartan 
cwato, V, to hide, to squat (S.W.) 
fewb, cybau, n, coop, pen; kennel; cot 
cwbl, a, all, whole, total, entire, com- 
plete : n, all, whole, total. O gwbl, 

at all; altogether 
tcwblder, n, completeness, entireness, 

entirety 
tcwbledd, n, entireness, entirety 
cwblhad, n, fulfilling, fulfilment 
cwblhau, V, to fulfil, to complete, to 

finish 
cwblhawr, wyr, n, completer, performer 
eŵc, nc, cook 
cwcio, V, to cook 
cwcw, nf, cuckoo=cog 



CWL 

cwcwallt -iaid, n, cuckold 

ewcwalitu, v, to cuckold 

cwcwll, cycyllau, n, hood, cowl 

cwch, cychod, n, boat; hive; crown of 
a hat 

cwd, cydau, n, pouch; bag; scrotum. 
Cwd y mwg, puff-ball 

cwd, cydau, n, pouch; bag; scrotum 

tcwd, tcwdd, ad. See cw 

cwderbyn, a ik. ad, opposite (dial.) 

tcwdwttt, n= codwm 

cweir, n, beating (colloq.) 

cweirio, i;=cyweirio 

tcwert, »=cwfert 

cweryl -on -au, n, quarrel, dispute; 
causey, caset, plaintf 

cwsryla, tcwerylu, v, to quarrel 

cwerylgar, a. quarrelsome 

cwerylwr, cwerylydd, n, quarreller 

cwest, n, quest, inquest 

cwestiwn, iynau, n, question, matter, 
subject; doubt. Mae'n gwestiwn 
gennyf, I question, I doubt 

tcwestiwr, wyr, n, questman, in- 
former 

cwestiyno, v, to question 

tewfaint, cyfeinoedd, tewfen{t), cwfen- 
oedd, n, convent, congregation 

tcv/feiniad, tcwfeniad, iaid, n, conven- 
tual 

tcwfeiniol, a, conventual 

tcwfen(t), n. See cwfaint 

cwfert, u, covert, covering 

tcwfl, cyflau, n, cowl, hood 

cwfflo, V, to fight, to box 

cwgn, cygnau, n, knot; knuckle; joint 

cwhwfan, v & n=cyhwfan 

cwic, n, goffer 

cwicio, V, to goffer 

cwilsyn, n, quill, quill-pen 

cwir -au, ii, quire 

cwir -au, n, choir; pew 

cwit, CI. quick (N.W.) 

tcŵl, cyliau, n, fault, sin, transgression; 
wrong; a pity 

cwla, a, poorly, ailing 

cwlas -au, n, coulisse; apartment; com- 
partment 

cwlbren -ni, n, bludgeon 

cwlíî, cylftau, n, chunk, hunch, lump 

cwlins, lip, inferior stock or produce; 
cuiis; refuse. (Eng. ' cullings ') 

cwlio, V, to reject as faulty; to blame 

tcwlm, cylmau, «=ewlwm 
99 



CWL 

cwlwm, cylymau, n, knot, tie; chord, 

strain, tune ; nodus, plot of story 
tcwll, cyllau, n.. stomach, belly 
tewUtr, cylltrau, n=cwl!twr 
cwlltwr, tcwlltyr, pi. cylltyrau, n, coul- 
ter 
cwm, cymau, cymoedd, n, valley, vale 
cwman -od, n, tub; rump; stoop. Yn 

ei cwman, stooping, crouching 
cwmanu, v, to stoop 
tcwrabrus, a, cumbrous 
cwmfiri, n, comfrey 
cwmin, n, cummin 
cwmin, n, common 
owmni, îau, n, company 
cwmniaeth, nf, companionship 
cwmnîwr, cwmnîydd, n, companion 
cwmpas -oedd -au, n, compass; circle, 
ring; sphere. O gwmpas, about, 
around, cwmpasoedd, surroundings 
cwmpasog, a, round about, circuitous 
cwmpasu, v, to compass, to surround; 

to beat about the bush 
cwmpawd, odau, n, compass 
cwmpeini, u, company, society 
tcwmplin), n, compline 
cwmpni, n, company (S.W.) 
tewmpnîaeth, «/, company, companion- 
ship 
cwmpnîo, V, to company, to consort, to 

associate 
tcwmpniwr, wyr, n, companion 
cwnipod -au, n, compass 
cwmwd, cymydau, n, subdivision of a 

hundred, commot 
cwmwl, cymylau, n, cloud 
cẅn, up, dogs: s. ci 
tcwncwerwr, wyr, «=^concwerwr 
tcwndid, «, conduct, safe-conduct, escort 
fcwndid -au, n, conduit; rectum, anus 
tcwndid -au, nf, song, carol 
tcwndidwr. wyr, n, songster 
fev/ning, oi, ral)biis 
cwningen, p!. cwningod, nf, rabbit 
cwnnu, V. See cynnu 
tewnsallt, n, cloak, robe, surcoat 
fcwnsillt, tewnsyllt -au, n, anvil 
ewnsler -iaid, «, counsellor 
tcwnsli, n, council 
cwnstabl -iaid, n, constable 
fcwpa, n, cu]), pint measure 
cwpan -au, n & «/, cup, bowl; calyx 
cwpanaid, eidiau, n & nf, cupful, cup; 
dry measure equal to about a gallon 



cws 

cwpanu, V, to assume form of cup 
cwpl, cypiau, n, couple, coupling; tie- 
beam; chevron 
cwpla, V, to complete, to finish (S.W.) 
tcwplàu, !;=cwblhau 
ewpled -au, n & nf, couplet 
cwplws, cyplysau, n, coupling 
cwpwrdd, cypyrddau, n, cupboard 
cwr, cyrrau, n, end, border, edge, skirt, 

corner. O'i gwr, seriatim 
tcwran -au. nf, buskin, boot 
cwrbits, n, ' hiding,' thrashing (' kour- 
bash ') 
cwrcath -od, n, tom-cat 
cwrcatha, v, to caterwaul 
cwrcwd, n, stoop, squat. Yn ei gu'rcwd, 

squatting 
cwrdd, cyrddau, n, meeting. Tŷ cwrdd, 

meeting-house 
cwrdd, cwrddyd, v, to meet, to touch 
cwrel -au, n, coral 
cwrens, np. currants 
tcwrf, cyrfau, 7! = cwrw 
cwrian, v, to cower, to squat 
cwrier, n, courier 
cwriwr, «, currier 
cwrlid -au, n, coverlid 
cwrlo, n, small coal (S.W.) 
tcwrlwynt, n, whirlwind 
tcwrn, cyrnau, n, spire; pile; cock, 

stack; knob; peak 
cwrnad, n, noise, hubbub: v, to bawl, 

to shout, to nag 
cwrnaid, n, curvet, curveting 
tcwrpri, îau, ;;, cloak 
tcwrrach, cyrachau, n, book, volume 
tcwrrach, w= corrach 
cwrs, cyrsiau, n, course; fit. Cwrs o 
amser, a considerable time. Wrth 
gwrs, of course 
tcwrser -iaid, n, courser 
tcwrsi, îau, ii, kerchief 
cwrsweithrediad -au, n, process 
cwrt, cyrtiau, n, court, yard 
cwrlais, a, courteous, polite; modest 
cwrteisrwydd, tcwrteisi, n, courtesy 
cwrw, tcwrwf, cyrfau, n, ale, beer. 

Dai! y cwrw, laurel 
cwrwgl, cyryglau, n=corwg, corwgl 
tcwrwm, n, bend, stoop, squat. Yn un 

cwrwm, bowed down, in a heap 
cwsberins, up, gooseberries 
cwsg, n. sleep; slumber; numbness 
cwsiad, iedi, nf, gusset 



ì\ w^bt ^ ^u^fc" -ŵ^-íf ^U 



cws 



CYCH 



ewsmer -iaid, n, customer 
cwsmeriaeih, nf, custom 
tcwst, n, toil, drudgery, affliction 
cwstart, n, custard 
tcwswr, n, refuse 
tcwt, cytau, n, cut, morsel; lot 
ícwt, cytau, nf, rump, taiL skirt 
cwt, cytiau, n, hut, sty 
cwta, am, short, cirrt ; abrupt; bob- 
tailed: /. cota 
cwter -oedd -ydd, nf, gutter, channel 
owtiad, iaid, n, plover 
cwtiar, ieir, nf, coot, water-rail 
CWtio, V, to shorten, to shrink 
fcwtog, a, curtailed; short 
cwtogi, V, to shorten, to curtail, to 

abridge, to abbreviate 
cwtoglaw, a, short-handed, of small 

power (2 Kings xix. 26) 
cwtogwr, wyr, n, curtailer, abridger, 

abbreviator 
cwtsio, V, to couch, to lay, to spread 
tcwtws, n, lot, share, portion (Isa. 

Ivii. 6) 
ewtwslonni, v, to wag the tail, to fawn 

(S.W.) 
ewtyn, n, plover 
ewtyn, n, tuck (in a garment) 
tcwthr, cythrau, n, anus, rectum 
cwthwal, n, hovel 
tcwybr ;i = crwybr 
cwyd, V, rises; will rise (cod!) 
fcwyddo, V, to fall 
tcwyddog, a, fallmg, tottering 
cwymp -au, n, fall, tumble; lapse 
cwympedig, a, fallen 
ewympiad, n, fall — Cwympiad y dail 
cwympo, V, to fall; to fell; to cast 

down 
tcwympod -au, );, fall; declension, case 
cwympwr, wyr, n, feller; overthrower 
tcwyn, nf, supper 
ewyn -ion, n & ;;/, complaint; lament; 

plaint, suit 
tcwynddig, a; with angry lament 
cwynfan -au, n & nf, lamentation, 

lament 
cwynfan, tcwynfanu, v, to complain, to 

bewail, to bemoan, to lament 
cwynfanllyd, a, querulous 
cwynfanus, a, plaintive, mournful; 

querulous 
owyno, V, to complain; to lament, to 

bewail, to bemoan 



fcwynofain, tewynofant, v, to bewail, 
to lament, to bemoan : n, wailing, 
lamentation 

fcwynofus, a, mournful, plaintive, 

doleful 
tcwynos -au, n & nf, supper 
tcwynosa, v, to eat supper, to sup 

cwynosfwyd, n, ' tea,' supper 

cwynus, a, plaintive, doleful 

cwynwr, wyr, n, complainer; complain- 
ant, plaintiff 

tcwynwyr, np, recruiting officers 

cŵyr, n, wax; taperf. — aberth, bees- 
wax. — coch, — se'l, — selio, sealing- 
wax 

tcwyraid, a, waxed 

cwyraidd, cwyrol, a, waxen, waxy 

tcwyreiddfoes, a, clean-lived 

tcwyreiddwallt, a, waxen-haired 

cwyren -nau, nf, cake of wax; taper 

cwyro, V, to wax 

cwyro, i;=cyweirio (dial.) 

cwyros, en, cornel-tree 

cŵys -au -i, nf, furrow-slice ; (loosely) 
furrow; sod. Dan y g'l'ys, buried 

cwysed -i, nf, gusset 

cwysig, nf, small furrow 

cwyso, V, to furrow; to plough 

tcy, ad= cyn 

cybôl, n, nonsense, rubbish 

cybolfa, nf, hotchpotch, medley 

cyboli, V, to mix, to muddle, to con- 
fuse; to talk nonsense; to mess, to 
bother 

cybolwr, wyr, n, muddler; jabberer, 
babbler 

cybydd -ion, n, miser, niggard 

cybydda, v, to scrimp, to stint, to hoard 

cybydd-dod, eybydd-dra, n, miserliness, 
avarice, covetousness 

cybyddes -au, nf, female miser, covet- 
ous woman 

tcybyddiaeth, n/= cybydd-dod 

cybyddlyd, fcybyddol, tcybyddus, a, 
miserly, avaricious, covetous 

tcybyddu, v, to covet, to be avaricious 

tcycliir (cyc-hir), rt=cycir 

tcycir, 2, long-fleshed [cig-hir). Wyneb 
cycir, long face 

cycyllog, a, hooded, cowled 

cychaid, eidiau, n, boatful; hiveful 

cycho, cychu, v, to hive 

tcychwedl -au, nf, story, tale; tidings; 
rumour 

lOI 






t'^à.'MAÌM^ To-(áÁ*- 



CYCH 



CYD 



cychwiyn, n, agrimony. (Ir. Cnchullin 

— a legendary hero) 
eychwr, wyr, n, boatman 

cychwyn, v, to rise (up)t; to rouse, to 
stir; to start; to set off: n, stir, move, 
start; risef, risingt- ^Cychwyn yr 
haul, sunrise 

cychwynfa, fâu, nj, setting off; origina- 
tion, beginning; start, starting-point 

cychwyniad -au, n, start; beginning, 
cíìnimencement; setting off 

cychwynnol, a, rising, starting. ■\Da 
cychwynnol, movable goods 

tcychwynnu, v, to rise 

cychwynnwr, wynwyr, cychwynnydd, 
wynyddioh, n, starter, originator, 
founder 

cyd, a, joint, united, common. Tir cyd, 
Cyiir, common land : px, jointly, 
together, co-, fellow 

cyd, ad & c, wliilst, as long as; foras- 
much; since; though, although 

cyd, n, junction; coupling; copulation. 
/ gyd, all 

cyd, a, as ]ong=cyhyd 

tcyd, n. a sea monster (Greek ketos) 

cyda, pr, with : whence gyda 

cydadrodd, v, to repeat or recite to- 
gether 

cydaddoli, v, to worship together 

eydaid, eidiau, n, bagful 

cydalaru, r, to mourn together, to con- 
dole 

cydamserol, a, contemporary; simul- 
taneous, synchronous 

cydamseru, v, to synchronize 

eydan, n, small bag; wallet 

tcydarfolli, v, to covenant together, to 
confederate 

teydarfoUwr, wyr, n, confederate, ally 

cydbartlaeth, ;;/, partiahty (i Tim. v. 21) 

foydbigo, V, to prick together, to smite 
with compunction 

cydblethu, v, to interweave 

cydbwysedd, n, balance, equipoise, equi- 
librium 

cydbwyso, v, to balance 

cydchwant -au, n, concupiscence 

cyd-deithlo, v, to travel together 

cyd-doriad, n, concision (Philip, iii. 2) 

cyd-dyfu, v, to grow together (Matt. 
.\iii. 30) 

cyd-dymheru, v, to attemper, to mix 
(Hel). iv. 2) 



cyd-dynnu, v, to pull together 
cyd-ddealltwriaeth, nj, mutual under- 
standing 
cyd-ddigwydd, v, to coincide 
cyd-ddigwyddiad -au, «, coincidence 
cyd-ddinesydd, ddinasyddion, n, fellow- 

Citizen (Eph. ii. ig; 
cyd-ddioddef, v, to suffer with ; to bear 

with 
cyd-ddisgybl -ion, n, fellow disciple, 

fellow pupil 
tcyd-ddolurio, v, to sympathize 
tcyd-ddrychiol, a, present 
cyd-ddwyn, v, to bear with (2 Cor. xi. i) 
cyd-ddyn -ion, n, fellow man 
cydefrydydd, wyr, »1, fellow-student 
cydeistedd, v, to sit together 
cydenw -au, n, namesake 
cydetifedd -ion, n, coheir 
fcydfaeth, a, nurtured together 
cydfagu, v, to rear together 
cydfarnu, v. to be of the same opinion 
cydfeddiannu, v, to possess or occupy 

jointly 
tcydfil -od, n, the third stage in the 
bardic circle of transmigration, suc- 
ceeding Obryn, and followed by Dyn- 
dod, or state of humanity 
cydfilwr, wyr, n, feUow-soldier, comrade 
cydfod -au, n, concord, agreement, con- 
cordance; to agree, to accord; to 
dwell with 
tcydfodol, a, agreeable, accordant 
cydfodoli, V, to coexist 
tcydfodd, n, concord, agreement 
cydfrad -au, n, conspiracy, plot 
cydfradwriaeth -au, n/ & n, conspiracy 
cydfrawd, frodyr, ;i, brother, kinsman 
cydfrawdoliaeth, m/, confraternity 
tcydtuchesa, v, to herd with 
cydfwriad -au, n, conspiracy, con- 
federacy (Isa. viii. 12); plot 
cydfwriadu, v, to conspire 
cydfwriadwr, wyr, n, conspirator 
cydfyd, n, universe (Wesleyan) 
cydfyned, v, to go with, to concur, to 

agree 
cydfynedol, «, attendant, concomitant 
cydfyw, v, to live or dwell together, to 

cohabit 
cydffurfiad, n, conformity; conformation 
cydHurfio, v, to conform 
cydgamu, v, to step together; to at- 
temptf, to daret, to yenturef 
102 



' ^oCrvWMAwO g Hr^^ (_íŵA') 



CYD 



CYD 



cydganu, v, to sing together 
eydgasglu, v, to gather together 
cydgeisio, v, to compete 
cydgenedl, nf, own nation 
eydgerdded, v, to walk together 
eydgladdu.v, to bury together(Ccl. ii. 12) 
eydgordiad, «, cucord, agreement, har- 
mony 
cydgordio, v, to accord, to agree, to 

harmonize 
cydgorfT, «, one body (Eph. iii. 6) 
eydgoriau, H/j=catgoriau 
eydgreadur -laid, «, fellow creature 
tcydgreirio, v, to swear together 
eydgrymu, v, to bow together 
cydgrynhoi, v, to gather together 
eydgydio, v, to couple (Ex. xxvi. 24) 
cydgyfarch, v, to make common sup- 

plii.ation (Common Prayer) 
cydgyfarfod, v, to meet together 
cydgyfarfyddiad, n, meeting together, 

coincidence, concurrence 
cydgyfathrach, n, intercourse, commerce 
eydgyfrannog, a, participating 
cydgyiranogi, r, to participate 
eydgyflwrdd, v, to meet, to touch 
cydgymysgu, v, to mix together, to 
intermix, to intermingle, to commix, 
to commingle 
eydgynulllad, ;;, assembling together, 

meeting (Heh. x. 25) 
eydgysylltu, v, to join together, to com- 
pact together (Ps. cxxii. 3) 
tcydgytwng, a, bound by mutual oath 
eydhanfod, n, coexistence: v, to co- 
exist 
eydiad -au, n, joining (together) ; joint, 
junction, coupling; copulation; biting; 
laying hold 
tcydiadol, a, copulative 
eydiaid, cydied, v=cydio 
cydieuo, v, to yoke together; to conju- 
gate 
cydio, V, to join; to- couple; to copulate; 
to bite; to take hold. Cydto yn, to 
take hold of 
cydiol, a, connecting; copulative 
tcydlafan, a, with blades joined 
cydlafurwr, wyr, n, fellow-labourer, 

colleague 
cydlais, leisiau, n, consonance, harmony: 

a, consonant, harmonious 
cydlawenhau, t', to rejoice together, to 
congratulate (Luke xv. 9) 



eydlef, a, symphonious 

cydles, n, mutual advantage ; common 
good 

cydletya, v, to lodge together 

cydletywr, wyr, n, fellow lodger 

cydlif -au, n, conflux, confluence 

cydlunio, v, to fashion together or 
alike (Ps. xxxiii. 15) 

cydlyniad, «, cohesion 

cydlynu, v, to cohere 

cydmar, cydmarol, cydmaru, common 
mistakes for cymar, cymharol, cy- 
mharu 

eydnabod, v, to acknowledge, to recog- 
nize; to own, to admit; to recom- 
pense: n, acquaintance; recognition; 
acknowledgment 

cydnabyddiaeth, nf, acquaintance, know- 
ledge; recognition, acknowledgment, 
recompense, honorarium 

cydnabyddus, a, acquainted; known, 
familiar 

tcydnaid, a, leaping together; with joint 
step; simultaneous, synchronous 

cydnaws, a, congenial; compatible, con- 
sistent 

cydnerth, a, well set 

cydnod -au, n & «/, hyphen 

cydoddef, v, to bear or suffer with, to 
forbear : n, sympathy 

fcydoes, a, coeval; contemporaneous 

cydoesi, v, to be contemporary 

cydoesol, a, contemporary, contem- 
poraneous 

cydoeswr, wyr, n, contemporary 

cydol, n & nf, space, whole. Trwy gydol 
y nos, throughout the night 

cydolwg, n, synopsis 

cydolygol, a, synoptic(al) 

cydolygu, v, to hold the same view(s), 
to agree ; to edit together 

cydolygydd, n, co-editor 

c'ydorwedd, v, to lie together: n, cham- 
bering 

eydradd, a, of equal degree, equal 

cydraddoldeb, «, equality 

tcyarychol, tcydrychiol, a, present 

fcydrycholdeb, tcydrycholder, «, pres- 
ence 

cydryw, a, homogeneous 

eydrywiaeth, nf, homogeneity 

cydrhwng, pr, between 

cydsain, );/. See cytsain 

cydsefyil, v, to stand together; to consist 
103 



y. ft-^Yj ? 



CYD 

cydser -au, n & en, constellation 
cydstad, a, equal (Luke xx. 36) 
cydsylweddiad, n, consubstantiation 
cydsylweddol, a, consubstantial 
cydsylweddu, 7', to consubstantiate 
cydsyniad, n, fcydsynedigaeth, nf, con- 
sent, agreement 
tcydsyniaid, y=cydsynied 
cydsynied, eydsynio, v, to con«riii, to 

agree 
tcydundeb, w, agreement, unanimity 
cyduno, v, to unite, to join; to agree! 
cydwaed, a, consanguineous 
cydwas, weision, n, fellow servant 
cydwastad, n, level (with), even 
cydwedd, a, like, similar: au, nc, equal, 
peer, compeer; consort 
'^ cydweddiad, n, accordance, agreement, 
compatibility; concord 
cydweddog, a, conjugal : -ion, nc, yoke- 
fellow, partner; consort. Rrenhines 
gydweddog, queen consort. Tywysog 
cydweddog, prince consort 
cydweddol, a, agreeable, conformable, 
accordant, consistent, compatible, in 
accordance, in keeping 
eydweddoldeb, n, consistence, compati- 
bility 
cydweddu, v, to accord, to agree; to 

conform 
eydweinidog -ion, n, fellow servantf; 

co-pastor 
cydweithio, v, to work together, to co- 
operate 
cydweithiwr, wyr, n, fellow worker; 

work-fellow 
cydweithredlad, n, co-operation 
cydweithredu. v, to co-operate 
cydweithredydd -ion, n, co-operator 
cydweled, v, to agree, to concur 
cydwelediad, n, agreement 
cydwely, nc, bedfellow 
fcydwelydd -on, n, triliesman 
tcydwerswr, wyr, n, colleague 
cydwerth, a, of equal value, equiva- 
lent 
cydweu, v, to interweave 
cydwladwr, wyr, n, fellow-countryman, 

compatriot 
fcydwr, wyr, ;;, partner; rival 
tcydwrthodiad, n, composition 
cydwybod -au, ni, conscience 
cydwybodol, a, conscientious 
cydwybodolrwydd, w, conscientiousness 



^^__ 

cydymaith, cymdeithion, n, companion, 

mate, fellow, friend 
tcydymdaith, v, to travel togetlier, to 

arcompany ; deithion, n, companion 
cydymdeimlad, n, sympathy 
cydymdeimladwy, a, sympathetic 
cydymdeimlo, v, to sympathize 
tcydymdeithas -au, nf, company, society; 
fellowship ; friendship ; favour, kind- 
ness 
tcydymdeithes -au, nf, female com- 
panion 
tcydymdeithocàu, v, to escort, to con- 
voy; to associate (with), to' consort; 
to league, to ally; to resort, to repair 
cydymdrech, n, joint eftort : v, to strive 

together 
cydymddiddan, v, to converse together 
cydymddwyn, v, to bear one with another 
fcydymeithas, «/=cydymdeithas 
cydymeithes -au, nf, female companion 
cydymffurfiad, n, conformity 
cydymffurflaeth, nf, conformity 
cydymffurflo, v, to conform 
cydymgais, n, competition, rivalry, 

emulation 
cydymgeisiaeth, n & nf, competition, 

rivalry 
cydymgeisiol, a, competitive 
cydymgeisydd, wyr, n, rival 
cydymgorflolaeth, w/, concorporation 
cydymgortfoli, v, to concorporate 
cydymgytarfod, v, to assemble together 
cydymgynghori, v, to take counsel to- 
gether, to consult (Matt, xxvii. i) 
cydyragymysgu, v, to mix (i Cor v. 9) 
cydymgynnull, v, to assemble together 
cydyn, n, little bag, pouch 
cydysgolhaig, heigion, cydysgolor -ion, 

n, schoolfellow, schoolmate 
cydystyried, v, to consider mutually 

(Heb. X. 24) 
cyfa, a, whole, entire, complete=cyfan 
tcyfach, n, joint descent 
tcyfadeg -au, nf, unity of time; while 
fcyfadfab, n, pedigree, descent 
tcyfadlo, v, to count, to account, to 

reckon, to impute 
fcyfadnabod, y, to arknowledge ; to 
make one's acquaintance; to recog- 
nize : n, acknowledgment ; acquaint- 
ance 
cyfaddas, a, convenient, appropriate, 
fit, proper, suitable 

104 



CYF 
eyfadddasiad, -au, n, adaptation 
cyfaddasrwydd, cyfaddaster, n, fitness, 

suitability 
cyfaddasu, v, to fit, to adapt, to accom- 
modate; to apply 
cyfaddaw, v, to promise mutually ; to 

compromise 
cyfaddawd, odau, n, leaguef, covenantf, 

compactf; compromise 
cyfaddef, v, to confess, to acknowledge, 

to own, to admit 
cyfaddeflad, -au, n, confession, ad- 
mission 
cyfaddefwr, wyr, n, confessor 
tcyfaddlin, a, rectilinear, straight 
tcyfaenad, n, edifice; composition 
cyfagos, a, near, nigh, contiguous, ad- 
joining, adjacent, neighbouring 
cyfaill, tcyfaillt, eillion, n, friend 
cyfair, cyfer, pi. eiriau, n, acre 
tcyfair, n, direction; field, tract. Yng 

nghyfair, towards 
tcyfal, a, similar, like 
eyfalaf, n, capital 

cyfalafwr, wyr, cyfalafydd -ion, n, capi- 
talist 
tcyfaledd -au, n, analogy 
tcyfalhau, v, to Uken, to resemble 
tcyfalle, n, a husband or wife, a consort, 

a partner, a fit match 
fcyfallwy, a, efficient, capable, com- 
petent 
cyfamod -au, n, covenant, contract, 

treaty 
cyfamodi, v, to covenant ; to bargain 
cyfamodol, a, federal; covenanted 
cyfamodwr, wyr, n, covenanter 
tcyfamred -ion, n, ambit 

cyfamrudd, n, a reddening all round 
t cyfamryson, n, contest 
cyfamser -oedd, n, interim, meantime. 

Y cylamser hwnnw, that time 
cyfamserol, a, opportune, timely; sim- 
ultaneous, synchronous 
cyfamseru, v, to synchronize 
tcyfamwyn, v, to protect mutually 
cyfan, a, entire, complete, whole : n, 

the whole, cyfanion, integers 
cyfander, n, entireness, entirety 
cyfandir -oedd, n, continent 
cyfandirol, a, continental 
eyfandroed, a, web-footed 
cyfanfor -oedd, », main sea, ocean 



CYF 
cyfanfyd, n, the whole world, the uni- 
verse 
tcyfangan, a, symphonious, harmonious 
cyfangorff, n, whole, bulk, mass, volume 
cyfangwbl, a. Yn gyfangwbl, alto- 
gether, quite, wholly, entirely, totally 
cyfanheddle, aneddleoedd, n, place of 

abode (Prov. viii. 31) 
cyfanheddol, a, habitable, inhabited 
tcyfanheddrwydd, 11, diversion, cheer 
cyfanheddu, v, to inhabit, to dwell, to 

occupy; to divertf, to gladdenf 
tcyfanian, a, of like nature 
cyfannedd, a, inhabited, habitable ; 
commodious; domestic, homely ; 
pleasantt, agreeablef, delightfulj, 
merryt : anheddau, n & n/, inhabited 
place, habitation, dwelling 
cyfannod -au, nf, full stop, period 
eyfannol, n, integral, entire 
cyfannu, v, to make whole, to (re) unite 
cyfanrif -au, n, integer, wbole number 
cyfanrwydd, n, entireness, entirety 
cyfansawdd, a, composite, compound 
cyfansoddi, v, to compose, to constitute; 

to establisht 
cyfansoddiad -au, n, composition ;, con- 
stitution, physique 
cyfansoddiadol, a, constitutional 
cyfansoddwr, wyr, «, composer 
cyfanswm, symiau, n, total 
cyfanwaith, n, complete work; whole 
cyfanwerth, n & a, wholesale 
cyfanwerthwr, wyr, cyfanwerthydd -ion, 

n, wholesale dealer 
tcyfar, a, with like passion (cyi-far) 
tcyfar, n, joint ploughing, co-tillage 
tcyfar, eiriau, n, acre (wrongly for cyfair) 
cyfarch, «, supplicationf, entreatyt ; 
appealt; salutation, greeting: v, to 
entreatt; to meetf, to touchf; to 
address; to greet, to salute. Also 
Cyfarch gwell 
tcyfarchafael, )i = cyrchafael 
cyfarchiad -au, 11, greeting; salutation 
tcyfarchwel, tcyfarchwyl, n, devotion; 

slielter; custody 
tcyfarchwelu, tcyfarchwelyd, v, to make 
sure, to secure; to guard, to keep, 
to bring safely 
tcyfarddonau, nf, means 
cyfaredd -ion, nf, charm, enchantment, 
spell 

lOS 



CYF 

eyfareddol, a, enchanting 

cyfareddu, v. to charm; to enchant; to 

bewitch 
tcyfaretri, n, joint ploughing 
tcyfarf, eirf, «/, combat, conflict: a, 

weapon to weapon 
cyfarfod, v, to meet, to assemble: -ydd 

■f-au, M, meeting; encounterf 
fcyfarfog, a, mutually armed 
cyfarfyddiad -au, n, meeting 
cyfargratf, n, copy (of book or print) 
fcyfariaith, ieithoedd, «/, conversation 
cyfaros, v, to stay, to wait, to await 
tcyfarpar, n, preparation; regimen, 

diet ; apparatus 
tcyfarsangedigaeth, »/, pressure, weight, 

force; oppression 
tcyfarsangu, fcyfarsengi, fcywarsangu, 

V, to trample, to oppress; to crush, 

to subdue; to suppress 
cyfartal, a, proportionate, equal, even; 

average ; properf , seemly t , reasonablef 
cyfartaledd, n, equality, proportion, 

average 
cyfartalrwydd, n, proportionateness; 

proprietyt 
cyfartalu, v, to proportion, to equalize, 

to balance; to square; to regulate 
cyfartalwch, n, proportionateness, pro- 
portion 
cyfarth, v, to bark: n, barking. fAr 

ei gyfarlh, at bay. fRhoddi cyfarth, 

to stand at bay. fTorri cyfarth, to 

break away 
tcyfarthelid, a, constant, steady, equal, 

even 
fcyfarthfa, fâu, «/, barking, baiting 

with dogs 
fcyfarthfa, feydd, nf, junction of hills 
tcyfaru, v, to plough together 
icyfarwain, v, to conduct; to introduce 
tcyfarwar, a, agreeable; social; civilized 
fcyfarwas, «, contention 
tcyfarwel -ion, n, prospect, view 
fcyfarws, wysau, »/, present, gift; fee; 

reward, guerdon; grant; pension 
cyf arwydd, a, skilled, skilful ; acquainted ; 

used (to), accustomed; familiar 
tcyf arwydd -laid -ion, n, director; guide; 

wizard; story-teller: nf, glow-worm 
tcyf arwydd -ion, n, information; spell, 

charm, enchantment 
cyfarwyddiad -au, n, direction (rare in 

sing.) 



CYF 

eyfarwyddiadur -on, n, directory 

cyfarwyddo, v, to direct, to guide; to 
inform, to instruct ; to grow accus- 
tomed, to become familiar, to get 
used to 

cyfarwyddwr, wyr, n, director, in- 
structor, guide 

cyfarwyddyd, n, direction, instruction, 
guidance; prescription; experience; 
guide; storyf, narrativef. cyfar- 
wyddiadau, instructions, directions 

tcyfarwyneb, a & ad, over against, op- 
posite 

tcyfarwysog, a, endowed, pensioned: 
nc, benefactor; pensionary, pensioner 

tcyfarystlys, a, side bv side; in pro- 
file 

cyfatal, v, to hold (Col. ii. 19) 

cyfatal, a, obstructive. Tywydd cyf- 
atal, broken or unsettled weather 

cyfateb, v, to correspond, to tally, to 
agree 

cyfatebiaeth -au, nf, correspondence; 
analogy 

cyfatebol, a, corresponding; analogous; 
according; in proportion 

tcyfatgan, a, of like utterance 

tcyfatgun, a, noble, princely 

cyfathrach -au, nf, affinity, kin, alliance, 
intercourse, commerce 

cyfathrachu, v, to join alliance; to ally; 
to have intercourse 

cyfathrachwr, wyr, n, kinsman (Ruth 
iii. 12): /. cyfathrachwraig 

fcyfawr, nf, hour, moment 

tcyfddwyrain, v, to raise, to rise 

cyfddydd -iau, n, day-break, dawn 

tcyfeb, a=cyfebr 

cyfebol, a, in foal 

cyfebr, a, big or great with young 

cyfebriad, n, gestation 

cyfebru, v, to impregnate, to engender, 
to conceive 

tcyfebrwydd, n, foetus, embryo 

tcyfechni, n, joint security 

fcyfedig, a, customary, usual, wonted 

fcyfedliw, v, to upbraid, to reproach, to 
cast in the teeth: -iau, n, mutual 
reproach, upbraiding 

tcytedrych, v, to look, to gaze, to 
regard 

fcyfedrychedigaeth, nf, sight, view, 
presence 

fcyfedd -au, n, banquet, carousal 
106 



<y^bM-A) v> öu^o.<(iâ/f. 



CYF 



CYF 



cyfeddach, nf, banquet, festivity; ca- 
rousal, revelling, debauch: v, to 
carouse, to revel 
eyfeddachwr, wyr, n, banqueter, ca- 

rouser, reveller 
tcyfeddwch, >!=eyfeddach 
fcyfeddyrn, np, goblets for the carousal 

(cyredd-ddyru) 
tcyfegydd -au -ion, n, pickaxe 
cyfeiliad, n, construction, formation 
cyfeiliant, n, musical accompaniment 
cyfeilio, V, to accompany; to constructf, 

to compilef 
cyfeiliorn, n, straying, error. Ar gyf- 

eiliorn, astray 
cyfeiliornad -au, n, error; heresy 
cyfeiliorni, v, to err, to stray : w, error 
cyfeiliornus, a, straying, erring, erro- 
neous, mistaken; heretical 
eyfeiliornwr, wyr. ?i, wandererf, roverf; 

one who errs ; heretic 
teyfeiliw, a, of the same colour 
cyfeilydd -ion, n, player on an instru- 
ment ; accompanist 
cyfeillach -au, nf, friendship; fellow- 
ship; fellowship-meeting, society 
teyfeUlachgar, a, friendly, sociable 
eyfeillachu, v, to associate 
cyfeilles -au, nf, female friend 
cyfeillgar, a, friendly, sociable 
cyfeillgarwch, «, friendship 
tcyfeillydd -ion, n, friend, companion 
tcyfeiriiad, iaid, n, conventual 
tcyfeiniol, a, conventual 
eyfeirgi, gwn, «, pointer, setter 
cyfeiriad -au, n, direction; address; 
trend; reference, allusion. Cyfeiriad 
llythyr, postal address 
cyfeiriadol, a, pointed, direct, definite; 

allusive; referential; relative 
cyfeiriadur -on, n, directory 
cyfeirio, 7', to point; to direct; to refer, 
to allude ; to make towards ; to 
address a letter 
cyfeiriol, a directing, leading; direct; 

pointed; referential 
cyfeirnod -au, nf, note of reference; 

aim, goal 
tcyieiryd, r, to direct, to lead 
tcyfeiryd, a & ad, over against 
tcyfeisor -ion, n, match, fellow 
tcyfeisor, a, collateral; equal 
teyfeistedd, v, to sit (upon): n, session; 
seat, fundament, anus 



cyfeisteddfod -au, nf, committee, con- 
gress, convention; session 

fcyfeistyddio, v, to seat, to sit ; to be- 
siege 

fcyfeiin -au, nf, cubit, half a yard 

tcyfelogach, n. See cywelyogach 

tcyfen, a, desirable 

fcyfencyd, n, space, while, interval 

cyfenw -au, n, surname, cognomen; 
epithet; style, title; namesake. Cyf- 
enw yr tindydd ytnhen y fiwyddyn, 
anniversary 

cyfenwi, v, to surname 

cyfer, fcyfair, n, direction; point op- 
posite; acre. Ar gyfer, over against, 
opposite. Darparu ar gyfer, to pro- 
vide for 

cyferbyn, a & ad, opposite, fronting: n, 
opposite; antidotet 

cyferbyniad -au, n. opposite, opposition, 
contradistinction, contrast 

tcyferbyniad, iaid, n, opponent 

fcyferbyniaid, v, to oppose; to attack 

cyferbyniol, a, opposing, opposite 

cyferbynnu, v, to oppose, to contrast; 
to compare 

cyfergyd -ion, n, concussion; shock 

tcyfergyr, n, rencounter, contest, con- 
flict, battle; blow 

tcyfergyriad, n, collision, conflict 

tcyferthi, n, holiness, beauty 

tcyferwyr, n, iniquity 

tcyferyd, n, opposite position 

tcyfes, a, evenly measured 

tcyfesgar, n, common enemy 

tcyfewin, a, with claws complete; 
grasping; nice, exact 

tcyfgain, a, very handsome 

cyfiaith, ieithoedd, n/, vernacular 
speech : a, of the same language 

cyflawn, a, just, righteous, equitable 

cyflawnder -au, n, justice, righteous- 
ness, equity 

cyfiawnhad, n, justification 

cyflawnhaol, a, justifying, justificatory 

cyfiawnhau, v, to justify 

cyfiawni, v, to justify; to rectify 

cyfiawnydd -ion, n, justifier 

cyfieithiad, fcyfieithad -au, n, trans- 
lation, version 

cyfleithu, v, to translate, to interpret 

cyfleithydd -ion, cyfieithwr, wyr, n, 
translator, interpreter 

cyfleuad -au, n, conjugation 
107 



CYF 

cyfieuo, V, to conjugate, to yoke together 

tcyfiewin, a, yoked together ; equal, 
similar 

tcyfion, a &. «=cyflawn 

cyfisol, a, of the present month, instant 

tcyfladd, v, to meet, to touch ; to 
coincide; to match; to clash, to 
collide: n, touch, contact 

tcyfladd, foyfladdol, a, coincident, fit- 
ting 

fcyfladdiad, n, touch, contact 

cyflafan -au, nf, outrage; massacre; 
hairweed 

eyflafanu, v, to outrage; to massacre 

fcyflafar, a, of one speech 

fcyflafaredd, h/, parley, arbitration 

cyflafareddiad, n, arbitration 

cyflafareddu, v, to arbitrate 

cyflafareddwr, wyr, n, arbitrator 

cyflaith, n, confection, toffee 

tcyflam, a, with simultaneous spring 

tcyflawdd -on, », praise 

cyflawn, a, full, replete, complete, per- 
fect 

cyflawnder, «, fullness, plenitude; com- 
pleteness; abundance, plenty 

cyflawndra, fcyflawnedd, /;, fullness, 
plenitude 

tcyflawn-gwbl, a, complete, entire 

cyflawni, v. to make complete, to fulfil, 
to perform, to accomplish, to commit 

cyflawniad -au, n, fulfilment, perform- 
ance, commission, cyflawniadau, per- 
formances, exercises 

tcyflawnrwydd, «= cyflawnder 

cyflawnwr, wyr, cyflawnydd -ion, >i, 
performer, accomplisher, fulfiller 

cyfle -oedd, n, place, room; chance, op- 
portunity 

cyflead, n, collocation, arrangement 

cyfled, a, of equal breadth, as broad or 
wide 

cyfledol, a, coextensive 

cyfledu, v, to coextend 

cyflef, a, symphonious, harmonious 

cyflegr -au, n, gun, cannon, battery; 
(pi.) artillery 

cyflegru, v, to cannonade, to bombard 

tcyflehau, v, to place, to set 

cyflenwad -au, /i, supply 

cyflenwi, v, to fill; to supply; to fulfilf, 
to accomplisht 

tcyfles, n, good, benefit: a, beneficial 



CYF 

cyfleth, n=cyflaith 

cyfleu, V, to collocate; to set, to place; 
to arrange, to dispose; to convey, to 
imply 

cyfleus, a, commodious, convenient, 
suitable 

cyfleustra, cyfleustod, terau, n, oppor- 
tunity ; convenience 

tcyflewni, 7;= cyflawni 

cyflin, a, parallel, collateral 

cyflin, cyflinell -au, nf, parallel line. 
cyflinau, cyflinellau, parallels 

tcyflino, V, to set parallel; to put 
together 

cyfliw, n, tint, hue: a, of the same 
colour 

tcyfliwaidd, a, resembling in colour 

cyflo, a, with calf, in-calf 

cyfloca, V, to take hire 

i'cyfloddi, V, to congratulate 

cyflog -au, .'! & nf, hire, wage, wages, 
salary, stipend 

cyflogddyn-ion, ii, hired servant, hireling 

cyflogedig, a, hired, salaried. Ynad 
cyflogedig, stipendiary magistrate 

cyflogi V, to hire; to engage in service 

cyflogwas, weision, n, hired servant, 
hheling 

cyflogwr, wyr, cyflogydd -ion, n, hirer, 
employer 

cyflol, V, to conceive (of cow) ; to im- 
pregnate (of bull) 

tcyfludd -ion, n, impediment, hindrance 

tcyfludd(io), V, to obstruct, to hinder 

eyflun, a, of the same form; organic 

cyflun -iau, «, copy, image, picture 

cyfluniad -au, w, conformation; or- 
ganization 

cyfluniaeth, n, food, rations, victuals 
(Luke xii. 42) ; organization 

cyflunio, V, to conform; to construct; 
to organize 

cyfluniol, a, organic 

cyflunydd -ion, wyr, n, constructor; 
organizer 

tcyfluydd -ion, n, joint expedition 

fcyflw -on, lyoedd, «, mutual oath 

tcyflwg, n, conspicuous part 

cyflwr, lyrau, n, condition, state, 
plight; case; occasionf, opportunityf. 
— enwadol, nominative case. — 
gwrthrychol, objective case. — mead,- 
iannol, possessive case 

108 



CYF 

tcyflwrw, Ȕ=cyflwr 

toyflwyd, a, greyish, grey 

tcyflwydd, n, prosperity: a, prosperous; 

propitious 
tcyflwyddo, v, to prosper 
tcyflwyn -ion, n, present, offering. 

Llythyr cyflwyn, epistle dedicatory 
cyflwyniad, n, presentation; dedication 
cyflwyno, v, to dedicate, to commit, to 
commend; to present, to offer; to 
introduce 
cyflwyr, a, complete 
tcyflychwyr, n, twiliglit, dusk 
teyflyedd, n, joint swearing 
cyflyfr -au, n. volume, tome 
cyflym, ff, swift, quick, fast, fleet; keen 
cyflymder,cyflymdra,n, swiftness, speed, 

celerity 
cyflymiad, n, acceleration 
cyflymu, v, to accelerate, to speed 
cyflyniad, n, cohesion; agglutination 
cyflynol, a, cohesive; agglutinative 
cyflynu, v, to cohere; to agglutinate 
tcyflyoedd, up, mutual oaths 
fcyflys, a, courtly, courteous, polite 
cyflythyraeth, nf, alliteration 
eyflywodraeth, nf, federal government 
cyfnai, neiaint, n, grand-nephew 
tcyfnaid, a, with like step. Yn gyfnaid, 

simultaneously: immediately 
cyfnaws, a, homeogeneous 
cyfnerth -oedd, n, support; aid, assist- 
ance, help; auxiliary, ally: a, auxil- 
iary 
tcyfnerthi, n, steadiness; support 
cyfnerthiad, n, confirmation, corrobora- 
tion, support 
cyfnerthu, v, to confirm, to corrobor- 
ate; to support, to aid, to assist 
tcyfnes, n, kinsman 
cyfnesaf, a, next, nearest 
cyfnesaf, neseifiaid, n, kinsman 
tcyfnesafrwydd, n, nearness, closeness, 

intimacy, propinquity; kinship 
eyfnewid, v, to change, to alter; to 

commute; to exchange, to barter 
eyfnewid -iau, n, change, exchange;' 
barter, commerce.; merchandise. Yn 
gyfnewid, in exchange 
cyfnewidfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, nf, ex- 
change; clearing-house; commercef 
cyfnewidiad -au, «, change, alteration 
cyinewidiaeth, nf, exchange, barter, 
commerce 



CYF 

tcyfnewidio, t;= eyfnewid 
eyfnewidiog, a, alternate; reciprocal 
cyfnewidiol, a, changeable, mutable 
cyfnewidioldeb, h, changeableness, mu- 

tabihty 
eyfnewidiwr, wyr, n, changer; merchant, 

trader, trafficker 
cyfnifer, a, of even number 
eyfnifer -oedd, n, even number 
cyfnith -oedd, nf, grand-niece 
cyfnither -oedd, nf, female cousin 
tcyfnitherw, »!/=eyfnither 
eyfnod -au, n, period; epoch; era 
teyfnod, a, notable, distinguished 
cyfnodol, a, periodic(al). cyfnodolion, 

periodicals 
cyfnos -au, n, evening twilight, dusk 
cyfnosi, V, to become night 
cyfnyddu, v, to twine together 
tcyfnysen, n, next of kin 
tcyfnyw, fcyfnywydd, n, humour, tem- 
per, temperament 
cyfochr, a, side by side, parallel 
cyfochraeth, nf, cyfoehredd, n, parallel- 
ism 
cyfoehrog, a, collateral, parallel, equila- 
teral 
tcyfod, n, rise, rising; emetic 
teyfodedigaeth, n & nf, resurrection, 
tcyfodedyn, n, what is movable (legal) 
cyfoden -nau, nf, pimple 
eyfodi, v, to arise, to rise; to raise 
eyfodiad, n, rise, rising, elevation; ad- 
vancement 
eyfodli, v, to rhyme 

cyfoed, a, coeval, contemporary, cyf- 
oedion, feyfoedi, those of the same 
age; contemporaries 
cyfoen, a, big with lamb 
eyfoes, a, coeval, contemporary 
cyfoesi, V, to be contemporary 
teyfoesi, n, conversation 
cyfoesolyn, olion, n, contemporary 

(journal) 
cyfoeswr, wyr, n, contemporary 
cyfoeth -au, n, power; dominion, ter- 
ritory; opulence, riches, wealth 
cyfoethog, a, powerful; rich, wealthy 
cyfoethogi, v, to enrich; to get wealth 
cyfoethogrwydd, n, richness; richest, 

wealth! 
cyfog -ion, n, sickness, nausea; emetic 
cyfogi, V, to rise upf; to vomit, to dis- 
gorge 

109 



CYF 

Tcyfogledd, a, arctic 

cyfoglyn -noedd, n, vomit, emetic 

oyfoglys, n, asarabacca 

cyfongl -au, nf, right angle 

cyfongl, cyfonglog, a, rectangular 

teyfoli, tcyfolu, v, to praise (togetiier) 

cyfolwg, n, synopsis: a, synoptic (efeng- 
ylau cyfolwg) 

fcyfor -au, n, border, edge, brim 

fcyfor, a, brim-full ; full 

fcyfor, a, as great 

fcylorddwy -on, nf, expedition 

fcyforddwyn, n, synecdoche 

tcyfori, V, to border on one another 

tcyforio, V, to pour, to shed 

cyforiog, a, brim-full, overflowing 

cyfosod, V, to place together, to collo- 
cate, to synthetize 

cyfosodiad, n, synthesis 

cyfosodol, a, synthetical 

cyfradd, a, of equal degree 

fcyfragod -au, h, ambush, ambuscade 

tcyfragod, v, to lie in wait 

cyfraid, reidiau, m, necessary, necessity; 
what is necessary: a, necessary, 
needful 

cyfraith, reithiau, nf, law, statute; dis- 
pensationf 

cyfran -nau, nf, part, portion, share 

tcyfranc, cyirangau, nf, encounter; 
conflict; adventure; narrative 

cyfranddaliwr, wyr, n, shareholder 

cyfraniad -au, n, contribution; division 

cyfraniad, iaid, n, participle 

cyfraniadol, a, participial 

cyfraniaeth, nf, division 

cyfrannai, eion, n, participle 

cyfrannog, a, participating, partaking 

cyfrannog, anogion, nc, participant 

cyfrannol, a, contributing, contributory 

cyfrannu, ;;, to divide, to share; to dis- 
tribute; to contribute; to communi- 
cate, to impart. Cyfrannu'r ordin- 
had, to administer the sacrament 

cyfrannwr, anwyr, n, contributor, 
donor, subscriber 

cyfrannydd, ranyddion, n, divider; di- 
\-isor; contributor 

cyfranogi, v, to participate, to partake 
cyfranogol, a, communicable. Priod- 
oleddau cyfranogol, communicable at- 
tributes 
cyfranogwr, wyr, n, participant, partaker 

tcyfrben, a, complete, perfect 



CYF 

tcyfrdan, n, variance, discord, dissension 

tcyfrdelid, a, elegant, beautiful 

tcyfrdo, a, complete, whole; compact 

cyfrdost, a, sharp, excruciating 

cyfrdwy, en, oak fern, royal fern 

tcyfrdy, n, a large house 

tcyfred, a, as swift as, as fleet as, of 
equal speed or course 

cyfredeg, v, to run together; to run 
(with) : n, concourse 

eyfredlin -au, nf, parallel line 

tcyfref, a, of equal thickness 

tcyfreidio, v, to supply, to furnish; to 
equip 

cyfreidiol, a, necessary, requisite 

tcyfreithäu, v, to set in order 

cyfreithgar, a, litigious 

cyfreithio, v, to litigate, to go to law 

cyfreithiol, a, legal, lawful 

cyfreithiwr, wyr, n, lawyer, solicitor 

cyfreithlon, a, lawful, legitimate 

cylreithlondeb, n, lawfulness, legality, 
legitimacy 

cyfreithloni, v, to legahze, to legitimize; 
to justify 

cyfreithlonrwydd, n, lawfulness, legality, 
legitimacy 

tcyfreithus, a, lawful, just 

tcyfrenin, tcyfrennin, a, mutually pri- 
vileged; in joint rule 

cyfres -i, nf, series 

cyfresol, a, serial 

tcyfrestru, v, to interweave; to range 
together 

cyfreswm, ymau, cyfresymiad -au, n, 
syllogism y 

tcyfreu -au, n, speech, song 

tcyfrgain, a, exceedingly beautiful 

cyfrgoll, nf, perdition, loss 

cyfrgoUedig -ion, a, lost, damned 

cy f rgoUedigaeth, nf, perdition, damnation 

cyfrgolli, t;, to lose utterly; to perish; 

to damn 
cyfrif, V, to count, to account, to reckon, 
to number, to enumerate; to consider, 
to deem; to impute; to tellf, to 
recountf 
cyfrif -on, n, account, reckoning, es- 
teem, estimate, estimation; responsi- 
bility. Gwneuthur mawr gyfrif o, to 
esteem highly 
cyfrifdy, dai, n, counting-house 
cyfriledig, a, counted; included, in- 
clusive 



CY F 

cyfriflad -au, n, counting, reckoning, 
cumputation, calculation; census; im- 
putation 

cyfrifiaeth, nf, reckoning, computation 

cyfriflyfr -au, n, account-book 

cyfrifol, a, of account, of repute; of 
position or standing; reputed; re- 
sponsible; attributive, imputed 

cyfrifoldeb -au, n, responsibility; ac- 
count 

cyfrifwr, wyr, n, counter, enumerator 

cyfrifydd -ion, n, reckoner, accountant; 
enumerator 

cyfrifyddiaeth, nf, arithmetic!; ac- 
countancy 

cyfrin, a, privy; secret; esoteric; mystic; 
subtle. Cyfrin- i^yngor, privy council 

cyfrinach -au, nf, secret, confidence; 
mystery; communion 

cyfrinachol, a, private, secret, confi- 
dential 

cyfrinachu, v, to associate intimately, 
to confide 

tcyfrinachus, a= cyfrinachol 

cyfrinachwr, wyr, n, confidant, intimate 

cyfrinfa -oedd, fâu, nf, lodge of friendly 
society 

cyfriniaeth, nf, mystery; mysticism 

cyfriniol, cyfrinol, a, mysterious, mystic, 
mystical 

cyfriniwr, wyr, cyfrinydd -ion, n, 
mystic 

fcyfrith -ion, n, image; pretence; sem- 
blance; similitude 

fcyfrithio, v, to appear, to seem 

feyfrithyn, n, particle, atom 

tcyfrlid -au, n, coverlid 

cyfro, V, to cover 

cyfrodedd, a, twisted, twined. Edau 
gyfrodedd, linen thread, twist 

cyfrodeddu, v, to twine, to twist, to 
spin 

fcyfrodd -ion, nf, contribution 

fcyfroddi, v, to contribute; to apply 

cyfrol -au, nf, volume, tome 

tcyfrwch, v, to speak, to talk, to con- 
verse, to discourse: n, talk, con- 
versation, discourse; interview, intei- 
course 

cyfrwng, ryngau, n, interval; channel, 
medium, means, vehicle; midstf. 
Yng nghyfnrng, during, t^ cyfrwng 
h'unmf, that time 

t cyfrwng, pr, between 



CYF 

cyfrwy -au, n, saddle. — unfu, — wn- 
tuog, side-saddle 

fcyfrwydd, a. expeditious; prosperous, 
successful 

tcyfrwyddiaith, a, of easy speech 

cyfrwyddo, v, to expedite, to facilitate; 
to be gracioust 

cyfrwym, a, bound together 

fcyfrwym, n, bond, tie 

cyfrwyo, v, to saddle 

cyfrwys, a, cunning, skilled, subtle, sly, 
crafty 

cyfrwysdro, n, stratagem 

cyfrwysddrwg, a, cunning and wicked, 
crafty 

cyf rwysgall, a, cunning, crafty, wily, cute 

cytrwystra, cyfrwyster, n, cunning 

cyfrwywr, wyr, cyfrwyydd -ion, n, saddler 

tcyfryd, a, of like mind to, like-minded 

tcyfrydeg, i'=cyfredeg 

tcyfryngad, «= cyfryngiad 

cyfryngdod, n, mediation; mediatorship 

cyfryngiad, n, mediation; intervention; 
meanst 

cyfryngol, a, mediatef; mediatorial 

cyfryngu, v, to intercede; to intervene, 
to interpose ; to mediate 

cyfryngwr, wyr, n, mediator, interces- 
sor; umpire 

cyfryngwriaeth, nf, mediatorship 

tcyfrymiad -au, n, confirmation 

tcyfrymio, v, to confirm 

fcyfrysedd, n, contention, conflict 

cyfryw, a, like, such 

cyfrywiol, a, homogeneous 

tcytuch, rt=cyfuwch 

cyfun, a, agreeing, accordant, united, 
unanimous ; equal ; simple. Yn gyfun, 
together 

cyfundeb -au, n, unity, union, concord; 
agreement, treaty, compact, coven- 
ant; consent; alliance, confederacy; 
communion, association, connexion 

eyfundebol, it, connexional 

cyfundod -au, n, concord, unity 

tcyfundod, nf, community 

tcyfundraeth -au, nf, system 

cyfundrefn -au, nf, system 

cyfundrefnol, a, systematic 

cyfundrefnu, v, to systematize 

cyfunhyd, a, of equal length 

cyfuniad -au, n, combination 

cyfuno, V, to unite, to combine; to 
agreet 

III 



t'' , 



CYF 

cytunol, a, united, combined; agreeing!, 
accordantf. Y Deyrnas Gyfunol, the 
United Kingdom 

cyfurdd, a, of equal rank 

eyfuwch, a, of equal height, as high, so 
high 

cyfwerth, a, of equal value; equivalent 

cyfwng, yngau, n, space, distance; 
interval; juncture, crisis 

tcyfwlch, a, convenient, suitable 

cyfwrdd, v, to meet; to touch 

tcyfwyrain, v, to rise, to raise: n, rising 

tcyfwyre, a, rising up 

cyfydd -au, n, cubit 

eyf yng, a, narrow, strait, close ; confined. 
Amgylchiadau cyfyng, straitened cir- 
cumstances 

cyfyngder -au, n, straitness, trouble, 
distress, difficulty 

cyfyngdir -oedd, «, isthmus 

cytyngdra, n, narrowness, tightness; 
distress 

tcyfyngdwr, n= cyfyngder 

cyfyngedig, a, confined, restricted, 
limited 

cyfyngfor -oedd, «, narrow sea, strait 

cyfyng-gyngor, n, perplexity; embar- 
rassment; distress; suspense; con- 
clavet 

eyfyngiad -au, n, confinement, re- 
striction, limitation 

cyfyngrwydd, n, straitness, distress 

cyfyngu, v, to narrow, to confine, to 
restrict, to limit 
■ cyfyl, n, neighbourhood, vicinity; bor- 
der, confines. Ar ei gyfyl, Yn ei 
gyfyl, near him 

tcytymbwyll -ion, n, mutual reasoning, 
conversation, dialogue: v, to converse 

cyfymbwys, n, equipoise 

cyfymliw, v, to reproach; to upbraid; 
to expostulate, to remonstrate 

cyfyrder, dyr, n, second cousin 

cyfyrderes -au, «/, second cousin 

tcyfys, a, devouring, voracious 

■feyfysgar, « — cyfesgar 

cyfysgrif, cyf ysgrifen, pi. cytysgrifau, n/, 
copy, transcript 

cyfystlys, a, side by side, parallel; 
equilateral 

teyfystrawd, a, evenly laid out 
J cyfystyr, a, synonymous, cyfystyron, 
N synonyms 

fcyfysu, V, to consume, to corrode 






CYFF 



cyff -ion, n, stock, stem, trunk, stump; 
block; boxf, chest t. • — cenedl, stock 
of a tribe or nation. — dêr, butt. 
— gwawd, a laughing-stock. Cyfflon 
cyrfin, frame-stocks; the stocks form- 
ing the frame of the bardic Peithynen, 
in which the lettered staves were 
inserted 

cyíîaith, tfeithiau, n, confection; jam; 
pickles; liquor used in tanning; 
stain+, spotf, defilementt 

cyffeithio, v, to preserve; to pickle; to 
tan or dress leather 

tcytfeithus, tcyffeithlyd, a, rich, succu- 
lent 

cyffelyb, a, like, similar 

cyflelybiaeth -au, nf, likeness, simili- 
tude, comparison 

cyffelybiaethol, a, figurative, meta- 
phorical 

tcytfelybol, a, similar, like; likely, 
probable; figurative, metaphorical; 
meet, fitting {2 Mace. xi. 18) 

cyffelybrwydd, n, likeness, similarity; 
similitude, semblance; the like 

cyffelybu, v, to liken, to compare 

cyfleri, n & np, confection, drug, 
nostrum 

cyfierîaeth, nf, pharmacy 

cyfîeriwr, wyr, n, druggist, apothecary 

cyfles -au -ion, nf, confession ; profession 

cyffesgell -oedd, nf, confessional 

tcytfesol, a, confessed 

cyffesu, V, to confess, to own 

cyffeswr, wyr, cyffesydd -ion, n, con- 
fessor 

cyffln -iau f-ydd f-edd, n, confine, limit, 
bound, border, frontier. cyfiBniau, 
neighbourhood 

cyíílndir -oedd, n, border, march 

cyfBnio, v, to bound, to border, to 
adjoin 

cyfflniol, a, bordering, adjacent 

cyfTiniwr, wyr, n, borderer, marcher 

tcyflinydd, n, boundary 

tcyfHnydd -ion, «, borderer, marcher 

cyfflo, V. to benumb, to become stiff 

cyfflon, np, stocks 

tcyffleu, n, lightning 

cyfFni, «, numbness, stiffness 

tcyffoden -nod, nf, concubine, mistress 

cyflordd, ffyrdd, nf (railway) junction 

cyflrawd, n, impulse, motion 

tcyffred, a, general, unanimous 



_CYFF 

cyffred -ion, n, comprehension, whole. 
Trioy gyffred einioes, throughout life 

cyffredin, a, common, ordinary; general, 
universal. Y cyffredin, the public, 
commonalty. Ty'r Cyffredin, House 
of Commons 

eyffredinedd, ", cyflrediniaeth, nf, gener- 
ality; commonness 

cyflredino, îí, to make common; to have 
in commont, to sharef; to communi- 
catet 

cyffredinol, a, common, general, uni- 
versal, catholic 

cyflredinoli, v, to make general or uni- 
versal ; to generalize 

Cyffredinoliaeth, nf, Universalism 

cyffredinolrwydd, «, generality, uni- 
versality 

Cyflredinolwr, wyr, n, Universalist 

cyflredinrwydd, n, commonness; com- 
munionf ; communityt 

eyffredinwch, n, commonness; general- 
ity; having in commont, fellowshipf, 
hospitalityt 

cyffredinwr, wyr, n, commoner 

cyöro -adau, n, motion, stir, commotion, 
agitation; excitement: v, to move, to 
stir; to excite, to agitate 

cyffroad -au, n, motion; ' provocation ' 
(Heb. iii. 8) 

cyflroadol, a, stirring, exciting 

tcyffroedig, a, stirred, agitated 

tcyflroedigaeth, nf, agitation, stirring 

cyflroi, V, to move, to stir, to excite, to 
disturb, to rouse, to agitate, to pro- 
voke 

cyffrous, a, exciting; excited, agitated 

eyflrowr, wyr, n, stirrer, inciter, agitator 

tcyflrydiaid, v, to shake, to wave, to 
brandish; to stir, to tremble, to 
quake, to quiver 

cyfTur -iau, n, substance, matter; in- 
gredient, drug; toolf, meansf 

cyilwrdd, v, to meet, to come in con 
tact, to touch: n, meeting, contact 

cyflyloca, v, to catch woodcocks 

cyffylog -od, n, woodcock 

cyfîy.', n. See cyflur 

cyfîyrddiad -au, n, touch, contact 

eyffyrddus, a, comfortable 

tcyffyrfhau, i'=cyffyrfio 

tcyffyrfiad, n, confirmation 

tcyflyrfto, v, to confirm, to corroborate 

cygnog, V, knotted, gnarled 



CYNG 

tcygryn, a, trembling 

tcyngall, a, very cunning or wise 

tcyngan, hanau, nf, speech, discourse; 
song, melody; harmony, consonance: 
a, consonant, unisonant. Clo cyngan, 
burden of a song 

cynganeddol, a, in cynghanedd ; alli- 
terative 

cynganeddu, tcynghanu, v, to form 
cynghanedd ; to harmonize 

cynganeddwr, wyr, n , maker of cyng- 
hanedd; harmonizer 

cyngaw, cyngaf, n, burdock 

cyngaws -au, cynghosion, n, lawsuit, 
action, cause; advocatef, counselt 

tcyngel, helion, n, privacy: a, private, 
concealed 

cyngerdd, herddi, herddau, « & nf, 
concert 

fcyngerth, a, overspreading; imminent 

eynghafan, n, goose-grass 

tcynghafog, a, entangled, involved, 
intricate: n, complexity; bindweed 

cynghanedd, ;;/, music, harmony; 
Welsh metrical alliteration, con- 
sonance, cynganeddion, certain recog- 
nized alliterative forms peculiar to 
Welsh prosody 

tcynghanu, v, to resound; to harmonize 

tcynghawog, a, intricate, complicated 

tcynghawsedd, «, process at law, law- 
suit 

tcynghelu, v, to conceal 

tcynghenni, v, to be contained in 

tcyngheusaeth, nf, tcyngheusedd, n, 
lawsuit; contention 

cynghlo -ion, n, conclusion; corollary; 
end 

cynghloi, v, to lock together 

cynghlwm, n, knot, tie, bond 

cynghordy, dai, n, council-house (i 
Mace. xii. 3) 

cynghorfa, fâu, nf, council; council- 
chamber 

tcynghorfynt, tcynghorfeint, n, envy, 
jealousy 

cynghori, v, to counsel, to advise ; to 
exhort 

cynghoriad, iaid, «=cynghorwr (rare 
in sing.) 

eynghorus, a, well-advised, wise, sen-' 
sible 

cynghorwr, wyr, n, councillor; coun- 
sellor, adviser ; exhorter 
"3 



CYNG 

cynghorwraig, tif, female counsellor or 

councillor 

cynghorydd -ion, n, counsellor, adviser; 
consult 

cynghrair, nghreiriau, n & nf, compact, 
alliance, league, treaty, covenant; 
trucet 

cynghreidd'g, a, concentric 

tcynghreinaint, n, mortification, chag- 
rin 

cynghreiriad, iaid, n, confederate, ally 

cynghreirio, v, to enter into treaty, to 
league, to confederate 

cynghreiriol, a, confederate, federal, 
allied 

cynghreiriwr, wyr, n, confederate, ally 

cynghroes, a, intersecting 

cynghroesflordd, Syrdd. nf, cross-road 

cynghroesi, v, to intersect 

tcynghrwm, a, convex: /. cynghrom 

tcynghrwn, a, round, rotund, spherical, 
compact: /. cynghron 

tcynghwystledd, n, wager 

tcynghyngnaid, a, with leaping joints 

tcynglwr, wyr, n, sneak 

cyngog, hogion, n, metre so called 

cyngor, horau, fcyngyr, n, council; 
meetingt; conflictf, combatf, battlef 

cyngor, horion, fcyngyr, n, counsel, ad- 
vice ; prescription 

tcyngorfynnu, v, to envy 

fcyngorfynnus, a, envious, jealous 

tcyngran, reinion, n, prince 

tcyngreddf -au, nf, intuition; instinct 

cyngreddfol, a, intuitive 

nyngres -au -i, nf, meeting, concourse, 
congress 

cyngrod -au, nf, winding-reel 

tcyngwarchadw, n, possession (legal) 

cyngwasg -au, n, compression 

cyngwasgu, v, to compress 

cyngwedd -au, nf, conformity 

fcyngweiniant, «, contrition, repent- 
ance, remorse 

tcyngwerth, a, equivalent 

tcyngwerthu, v, to barter, to exchange 

tcyngwng, n, joint 

tcyngwrys, n, contention 

cyngwys, hwysau, nf, rabbet 

fcyngwystl -on, n, pledge, gage; prize 

tcyngwystlo, v, to pledge; to bet, to 
wager 

tcyngyr, a plural of cyngor 

tcyhadfan, n, base 



CYH 

tcyhafal, fcyhefelydd, a, equal, fike, 
similar 

cyhoedd, a, public; open; notorious: n, 
the public. Ar gyhoedd, publicly, 
openly 

cyhoeddedig, a, published; publicf 

cyhoeddi, v, to publish, to announce, to 
proclaim, to declare 

cyhoeddiad -au, n, publication; pro- 
clamation; declaration; announce- 
ment; (preaching) engagement 

tcyhoeddog, a, public; open; notorious 

cyhoeddus, a, public 

cyhoeddusrwydd, n, publicity 

cyhoeddwr, wyr, n, publisher; an- 
nouncer 

tcyhudd -ion, n=cyhuddiad 

cyhuddedig, a, accused 

cyhuddiad -au, n, accusation, charge 

tcyhuddiad, iaid, n, accuser 

cyhuddiadol, a, accusatory; accusative 

cyhuddo, v, to accuse, to charge, to 
inform against, to impeach 

cyhuddol, a, accusatory, accusative 

tcyhuddrwydd, n, accusation; an- 
nouncement 

cyhuddwr, wyr, n, accuser 

cyhwfan, n, waving, heaving 

cyhwfan(u) v, to wave, to heave 

tcyhwrdd, v, to touch; to meet: «, 
touch 

cyhŷd, cyhyd, a, so long, as long, of 
equal length: ad, as, since 

cyhydedd -au, ni, length of metrical 
hne; quantity (of a syllable); versef, 
poetryt • 

cyhydedd -au, »,equalityt, equivalencet ; 
equivalentt; equityt; equation; the 
equator 

feyhydeddu, v, to equate, to equahze: 
to versify 

tcyhydlef, a, harmonious, symphonic 

tcyhydlwybr, n, ecliptic; equinoctial 
line 

cyhydnos -au, nf, equinox 

fcyhydreg, /;/, contest, combat: v, to 
strive, to contend 

fcyhydru, v, to strive together, to con- 
tend 

fcyhydu, v, to equalize, to proportion 

cyhyr -au, n, flesh, muscle; tendon, 
sinew 

cyhyraeth, nf, muscular system: n, 
skeleton; spectre-funeral; wraith 
114 



^^T^ 



CYH 

tcyhyrddu, v, to touch=cyhwrdd 
cyhyredd, n, muscularity 
cyhyrog, a, muscular, brawny 
cyhyrwch, n, muscularity 
cyhyryn, ;;, piece of flesh; muscle 
tcyl, n, kiln; furnace 
tcylafaredd, »i/=cyflafaredd 
tcylafareddu, j;=cyflafareddu 
cyleh -au -oedd, n, circle, ring; sphere; 
zone ; cycle ; round ; circuit ; rim ; 
hoop: pr, about, round; concerning: 
px, circum-, about, around. — yr 
arffed, share-bone. — poeth, torrid 
zone. — rhewllyd, frigid zone. — 
tymherus, temperate zone 
cylcharwain, v, to lead or carry about 

(Eph. iv. 14) 
cylchdaith, deithiau, nf, revolution, 

circuit, orbit, course 
eylchdeithiol, a, of a circuit; itinerant; 

circumrotatory 
cylchdro -ion -adau, n, revolution, 

orbit 
cylchdroi. v, to rotate, to revolve 
cylched -au, nf, circle, circuit; circum- 
ference 
fcylched -au, nf, cushion, bedding, 

bed-cover (Lat. cttlcita) 
cylchen -nau, nf, circuit, compass 
cylchfordwyo, v, to circumnavigate 
cylchfordwywr, wyr, n, circumnavigator 
tcylchfrith, a, ' ring-straked ' (Gen. 

XXX. 39) 
cylchgrawn, gronau, n, magazine 
cylchig, ;;/, circlet, small circle 
cylchio, V, to encircle, to rim, to hoop 
cylchlwybr -au, n, orbit 
cylchlythyr -au, n, circular 
cylchlythyru, v, to circularize 
cylchog, a, circled, hooped, nnged 
cylchol, a, circular; periodical; sur- 
rounding 
cylchredeg, v, to circulate 
cylchrediad, n, circulation 
cylchredol, a, circulating 
cylchres -1, nf, round, rota 
eylchu, v, to encircle, to rim, to hoop 
cylchwr, wyr, n, cooper 
tcylchwy -on, nf, circle; shield 
cylchwyl -iau, nf, anniversary, festival 
cylchyn, «, circlet; round, cylchynion, 

surroundings 
«ylchynol, a, surrounding ; circulating ; 
periodical ; peripatetic 



CYM 

eylchynu, v, to surround, to encompass; 
to besiege, to invest 

fcylfar, nf . monastery, cell 

cylfat, n, culvert 

cylion, np (-en, nf, -yn, n), flies, gnats. 
— Paradwvs, cantharides, Spanish 
flies 

tcylionwr, wyr, n, fly-catcher 

tcylus, (Î, culpable, blameworthy 

cylymu, clymu, v, to tie, to bind, to 
fasten, to knot 

tcylyn, n, kiln, turnace 

cyll, up (collen, nf), hazel-trees 

cylla -on, cyllau, n, stomach 

fcyllaeth, n, sorrow, grief, melancholy 

tcyllagwst, nl, stomach-ache 

tcyllaig, eigiau, n, sta^ in season 

cylleil. vll, teUawi, nl, knife 

cyllellawd, n, cut with knife 

tcyllellbrennau, np, pieces of wood in- 
side sheath ; tweezers 

cyllellu, V, to knife 

cyllellwr, wyr, n, cutler 

tcyllestr, nf, flint, flint-stone 

teyliestrig, tcyllestig, a. of flint, flinty 

tcyllestrigol, a, flinty 

cyllid -au, ;;, revenue, income; taxt 

cyllideb -au, nf, budget 

cyllidfa -oedd, feydd, n, revenue office, 
custom-house; repositoryf 

tcyllido, V, to pay a tax (legal) 

cyllidol, a, financial 

tcyllidwr, wyr, fcyllidydd -ion, n, tax- 
gatherer, revenue or excise officer 

tcylltyd, n, tenure 

cymaeth, a, jointly nourished 

tcymaethlu, v, to gather together 

cymaint, tcymain, a, as large, as great, 
as big ; as much ; as many; so great, 
so much, so many. Cymaint arall, 
Dau cymaint, twice as big; twice as 
much. ^Cymain un, every one, each 
severally (Eph. v. 33) 

cymal -au, n, joint, articulation, limb. 
Cryd cymalau, rheumatism 

cymalog, a, jointed, knotty; clumsy 

cymalwst, nf, gout, arthritis; rheuma- 
tism 

fcyman, a, complete, perfect 

toyman, nt, assembly 

cymanfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, nf, assembly, 
convocation; festival 

cymanfaol, a, pertaining to an as- 
sembly or festival 

"5 



(^Uwuu>X«jl/Í, - am. S tM,.^ 



CYM 



CYM 



tcymangan, a. See cyfanian 

cymar, mha.iaid, mheiriaid, n, fellow, 

partner 

cymarlaethol, a, figurative; compara- 
tive 

cymathiad, n, assimilation 

cymathu, v, to assimilate 

tcymaws, a, courteous 

cymdeithas -au, nf, society, association; 
company, fellowship, communion 

cymdeithaseg, nf, sociology 

cymdeithasfa -oedd, nf. association 

cymdeithasgar, a, sociable 

cymdeithasgarwch, n, sociability 

cymdeithasiaeth, nf, socialism 

cymdeithasol, a, social 

eymdeithasu, v, to associate 

cymdeithion, up (cydymaith, n), com- 
panions 

tcymed -au, nf, hedge-stile 

tcymed, a, able, discreet, sagacious 

tcymediw -au, n, command, precept, 
ordinance; compliment; present 

tcymediwaidd, a, complimentary 

tcymediwo, v, to compliment 

tcymedr -oedd, n, knowledge, skill; 
proportion : a, fit. Yn gymedr, simul- 
taneously, immediately 

tcymedredd, n, proportionateness 

tcymedroddwr, M = cymrodeddwr, cymod- 
roddwr 

eymedrol, a, moderate, temperate 

cymedroldeb, cymedrolder, n, moderate- 
ness ; moderation ; temperance 

cymedroli, v, to moderate 

cymedrolwr, wyr, n, moderator; moder- 
ate drinker 

fcymedru, v, to proportion, to regulate, 
to guide 

tcymeinio, v, to equalize (legal) 

cymell, v, to compelt, to forcef; to 
urge, to press, to persuade, to induce 

cymelliadol, a, compulsive, persuasive, 
impellent, conducive 

cymen, a, complete, finished, accom- 
plished ; skilled, skilful ; wise ; elo- 
quent; pert; tidy, compact, in good 
order. Nid wyf ddini cymhennach, I 
am not a bit the better 

tcymenediw, M=cymynediw 

cymer -au, n, junction, confluence 

cymeradwy, a, acceptable, approved. 
Arian cymeradwy, current money 
{('.en. xxiii. i6) 



cymeradwyaeth -au, nf, approval; re- 
commendation ; applause, cheers 

cymeradwyo, v, to approve; to recom- 
mend 

cymeradwyol, a, approving, commenda- 
tory 

tcymeredig, a, accepted, approved; ac- 
ceptable 

tcymeredigaeth, nf, taking, acceptance 

fcymeredus, a, acceptable 

cymeriad -au, n, character, reputation, 
repute; taking, acceptance, accepta- 
tion; tenancy 

fcymerwedig, a, boiling 

tcymerwi, v, to boil, to seethe, to effer- 
vesce, to bubble 

cymerwr, wyr, n, taker; contractor; 
tenant 

cymeryd, v. See cymryd 

tcymes, n, mean, medium; measure, 
portion, meed; fullness, sufficiency; 
justice, equity: a, just, equal, meet 

cymesur, a, moderate, suitable, fit, 
proper, proportionate, proportional 

cymesuredd, n, proportion 

cymesuro, v, to proportion; to adjust 

cymesurol, a, proper, moderate; com- 
mensurate, proportionate 

fcymesurwydd, n, propriety, modera- 
tion; proportionateness; congruity 
{Common Prayer) 

cymhares, cymaresau, nf, partner, mate; 
one of a pair 

cymhariaeth, cymariaethau, nf, com- 
parison, smiile 

cymharol, a, comparati\'e 

cymharu, v, to pair; to compare 

cymharus, a, well-matched, well-paired 

cymhedrol, a= eymedrol 

tcymhelri, n. tumult; trouble 

cymhelliad, elliadau, cymhellion, n, 
urging, persuasion; pressure; motive; 
inducement, incentive; spur, stimulus 

tcymhellwr, wyr, n, compeller, enforcer 

cymhellydd-ion, », urger, inducer, instig- 
ator; inducement, incentive, motive 

cymhendod, n, accomplisliment, per- 
tcction ; knowledge, science ; elo- 
quence; nicety; tidiness 

tcymhenddoeth, a, wise, prudent, sap- 
ient, sagacious 

tcymhengoeg, a, pedantic, bombastic 

cymhenllyd, a, finical, finicking 

cymhennaidd, «^nice, dainty 
ii6 



^CYM 

cymhennu, v, to set off, to adorn; to 
trim, to tidy; to scold 

fcymhercyn, a, tottering, infirm, feeble; 
lame 

fcymherfedd -ion, n, centre, middle: a, 
central 

tcymherfeddwr, wyr, n, mediator, inter- 
mediary 

cymhesur, a=^=cymesur 

tcymhibau, up, bronchia ; lungs, lights 

tcymhibiog, a, made of tubes 

tcymhlegid, n, concern: pr, because of 

tcymhleidio, v, to confederate 

tcymhleidydd -ion, n, confederate, ally 

cymhleth, a, complicated; complex; 
intricate, involved 

cymhiethu, v, to interweave 

cymhlith, a, blended together, inter- 
mingled, mixed : n, mixture, blend 

cytnhlitho, v, to blend, to commingle 

tcymhlyg, a, complex 

tcymhlygu, v, to complicate; to inflect 

cymhortha, v, to seek assistance ; to beg 

tcymhorthiad, iaid, tcymhorthwr, wyr, 
n, helper, supporter, auxiliary 

cymhraff, a, of equal thickness 

fcymhurtho, v, to attack, to repulse, to 
repel 

tcymhwyo, v, to afllict, to vex 

tcymhwyllo, v, to reason; to mention 

cymhwysiad, cymwysiadau, n, adjust- 
ment; application; quality! 

eymhwysQ, v, to adapt; to apply; to 
adjust; to qualify 

cymhwyster, n, fitness, suitability; 
qualification, cymwysterau, qualifi- 
cations 

cymhwystra, n, 'equalization, equality 
(2 Cor. viii, 14) 

tcyminad, n, contact; conflict 

tcyminedd, n, conflict, battle 

tcymlawdd, n, ommotion; tumult 

fcyraloedd, n, uproar, tumult: a, with 
one voice 

cymod -au, n, concord, peace; atone- 
ment; reconciliation: t^=oymodi 

cymodi, v, to reconcile; to be recon- 
ciled 

cymodlawn, a, atoning, propitiatory, 
expiatory; reconciled 

tcymodlonedd, n, reconcilement, re- 
conciliation; complaisance 

cymodog, »=cymydog 

cy model, a, reconciliatory, propitiatory 



CYIM 

tcymodreddwr, n = cymrodeddwr, cy- 
modroddwr 

tcymodroddi, v, to reconcile 

tcymodroddwr, wyr, n, conciliator 

cymodwr, wyr, 11, reconciler 

tcymon, a, compact; regular; noble, 
refined 

+cymoned, a, as noble as 

cymones -au, nf, mistress 

tcymoni, v, to compact, to compile; 
to tidy 

cymorth, v, to assist, to aid. to help 

cymorth, horthau, horthion, h, assist- 
ance, aid, help, succour; support; 
subsidy 

tcymradw(y), a, perishable, fragile 

Cymraeg, n & ni, Welsh language: a, 
Welsh (in language) Cymraeg da, 
good Welsh. >' Gymracg, the Welsh 
language. Yn Gymraeg, in Welsh 

Cymraes -au, nl, Welshwoman 

cymraint, a, of equal right 

i'cymraw, n, consternation, terror, panic, 
alarm: v, to be frightened 

cymrawd. mrodyr, n, confrere, com- 
rade, fellnw 

tcymrawu, v, to be frightened or 
alarmed 

tcymrefan, n. lowing 

Cynireig, a, Welsh; pertaining to Wales • 
or to the Welsh 

Cymreigaidd, a. pertaining to W.°lsh, 
Welsh y 

Cymreigeiddio, v, to Wallicize 

Cymreiges -au, nf, Welsh-speaking 
woman, Welshwoman 

Cymreigiaeth, ui, Wallicism, Welsh 
idiom 

Cymreigio, v, to translate into Welsh 

Cymreigrwydd, «, Welshiness 

Cymreigydd -ion, Cymreig{i)wr, wyr, n, 
Welsh scholar, one skilled in Welsh 

fcymri, «, honour : a, honoured 

fcymriw -iau, n, contusion, wound: a, 
wounded 

tcymriwo, v, to break, to shatter 

Cymro, pi. Cymçy, n, Welshman 

Cymroaidd, a, Welsh, Welshy 

tcymrodedd, n, conciliation; amity 

tcymrodeddwr, wyr. «, conciliator; 
arbitrator 

eymrodor -ion, n, consociate, feUow 

cymrodoriaeth, nf, confraternity; fel- 
lowship 

117 



CYM 

cymrwd, n, mortar, plaster. -^Caer faen 
gymrwd, castle built of stone and 
mortar 
tcymrwysg, a, overbearing 
Cymry, yip, Welshmen: s. Cymro 
tCymryau, double plural of Cymro 
cymryd, v, to take, to accept, to receive. 
Cymry d ar, to undertake!; to as- 
sume; to profess; to pretend, to feign. 
Cymeraf, I take. [Cymer- except in 
infinitivej 
tcymryd, a, of equal beauty 
cymrydu, v, to plaster 
cymun -au, n, communion 
cymundeb, n, communion, fellowship 
cymuno, v, to commune, to communi- 
cate, to take the sacrament 
tcymunol, a, communicating: -ion, n, 

communicant 
cymunwr, wyr, n, communicant 
cymwd, mydau, n, commot=ewmwd 
tcymẅedd, v, to jest, to joke; to toy, 
to dally, to trifle : n, jesting, dalliance, 
trifling 
tcymwy -au -on, n, affliction 
tcymwyad, fcymwyaid, a, afflicted 
tcymwyd, a, commensal 
tcymwyll, hwyllion, n, reason, thought; 

m'ntinn ; discourse 
feymwyll, v, to mention; to discourse 
cymwyn, a, big with lamb 
jcymwyn, a. kindly, grateful 
cymwynas -au, «/, kindness, favour, 

benefit; benefaction; commodityt 
cymwynasgar, a, obliging, kind 
cymwynasgarwch, n, obligingness, kind- 
ness 
cymwynaswr, wyr, n, benefactor 
tcymwyog, a, grieved, afflicted 
cymwys, a. of equal weightt; suitable, 
proper, fit, meet, convenient, adapted; 
qualified, competent; exact, precise 
cymwysiadol, cymwysiadwy, a, applic- 
able 
cymydog -ion, n, neighbour 
cymydogaeth -au, w/, neighbourhood 
cymydogaethol, a, neighbouring 
cymydoges -au, nf, neighbour 
cymydogol, a, neighbourly 
tcymyg -ion, n, fancy; riddle, enigma 
cymylog, a, cloudy, clouded, gloomy 
cymylu, v, to cloud; to dim, to 

obscure 
cymyn -nau -ion, n, bequest, legacy. 



CYÎ^ 

Llythyr cymyn, will, testament (now 
usually cymun, by confusion of terms) 

tcymynediw -au, n, behest, command 
cymynen -nau, nf, felling-axe 

tcymyniad -au, n, command, command- 
ment, behest 
fcymynnol, a, commendatory. Gweddi 
gymynnol, commendatory prayer 
(Common Prayer) 
cymynnu, v, to commend ; to command; 
to bequeath 

cymynnwr, ynwyr, >i, testator 

cymyniodri -ion, nf, bequest, legacy 

cymynroddi, v, to bequeath 

cymynu, v, to hew, to fell 

cymynwr, wyr, n, hewer 

fcymyreddus, a, honoured; arrogant, 
proud 

fcymyrredd, fcymyrred, n, honour, dig- 
nity; pride, arrogance 

cymysg, a, mixed, mingled, blended; 
confused: -ion, n, mixture, compoimd 

cymysgbla, nf, a mixed plague. (The 
Hebrew expression in Ex. viii. 21 — 
31, understood by many to mean ' a 
miscellaneous swarm,' apparently 
denotes some noxious insect in 
particular) 

cymysgedig, a, mixed, mingled 

cymysgedd, n & nf, mixture, compound 

cymysgfa, nf, mixture, medley, hotch- 
potch; chaos 

cymysgfab, n, son of mixed parentage 

cymysgiad, n, mixing; confusion 

cymysgliw, a, motley 

cymysglyd, a, confused, muddled, cha- 
otic 

cymysgryw, -j, mongrel, hybrid ; hetero- 
geneous 

cymysgu, v, to mix, to mingle, to blend; 
to compound; to confound, to con- 
fuse (Gen. xi. 7, 9) 

cymysgwaith, n, muddle, medley 

cymysgwr, wyr, n, mixer, blender 

cyn, pr, before (in time), previous to: 
px, first, previous, former, pre-, ex- 

cyn, ad (always with equative), as. Cyn 
wynned [a), as white (as) 

fcyn, c, though, although, even though 

cyn, cynion, ;;, wedge, chisel 

cyna, v, to be in heat (of dogs) 

fcynaber, ebyr, «, first stream 

cynadledda, -u, v, to confer, to meet in 
conference 



(Ww^ 



^YN 

eynadleddol, a, conferential 
eynadleddwr, wyr, n, conference-man 
cynamser -oedd, n, antiquity 
cynamserol, a, before time; premature, 

untimely 
teynan, n, speech : n, articulate 
cynaniad, n, pronouncing, pronuncia- 
tion, enunciation 
eynaniadol, cynaniaethol. cynanol, a, 

pronouncing 
cynaniaeth, nf, pronunciation 
eynanol, a, pronouncing 
cynanu, v, to speak, to utter, to pro- 
nounce 
teynben, pi. cynbyn, n, a prince 
cynblant, np, the first-bom (Isa. xiv. 30) 
cynbrawf, brofion, n, foretaste 
cynbreswylwyr, np, first or former in- 
habitants, aborigines 
tcynbryd -iau, n, prototype, model 
cyndad -au, h, forefather, ancestor 
cyndaid, deidiau, n, ancestor 
tcyndedyn, >! = cefndedyn 
cyndrlgolion, up, aborigines 
cyndyn, fcyndyniog, a, stubborn, ob- 
stinate, perverse, froward; contuma- 
cious; slow, tardy, reluctant 
cyndynnu, v, to be obstinate or stub- 
born 
cyndynrwydd, n, stubbornness, ob- 
stinacy; tardiness, reluctance 
cynddail. up, first leaves 
cynddaredd, nf, madness, distraction, 

fury, ra^e; rabies, hydrophobia 
cynddeiriog, a, rabid, mad; furious, 

raging, raving 
cynddeiriogi, v, to madden, to enrage 
cynddeiriogrwydd, n, rage, fury, mad- 

ne=s. fierceness 
cynddeirus, = cynddeiriog (N.W.) 
cynddelw -au, n, archetype, prototype; 

pattern, example 
cynddilywaidd, a, antediluvian 
oynddilywiaid, np, antediluvians 
cynddrwg, a, as bad, as wicked; so bad, 

so wicked 
teynddrychiol, tcynddrychol, a, present 
cynddrychioldeb, cynddrychiclder, n, 

presence (Isa. Ixiii. g) 
tcynddrychioli, v, to represent 
fcynddrygedd, n, mischief, malice 
cynddydd, ii, break of day, dawn 
cynddysg, n, primitive lore; ancient 
learning 



CYN 



tcynebyr, np, first stream 
tcynechreu, n, first origin 
cyneddfol, a, natural, fundamental 
cyneddfu, v, to endow 
cynefin, a, acquainted, accustomed, 
familiar; customary, usued: n, famil- 
iar or accustomed place; haunt, 
habitat 
cynefinder, cyneflndra, n, use, familiar- 
ity 
cyneflno, v, to accustom, to inure ; to 
become accustomed or inured ; to tire 
oft 
cynefinol, a, usual, accustomed, cus- 
tomary 
cynefnydd -iau, n, primary substance 
cynefod -au, nf, custom, usage 
tcynefodi, v, to habituate 
tcynefodig, a, accustomed 
tcyneifiad, iaid, n, ancestor, predecessor 
tcyneilfoawg, a, with sustaining hand 
tcyneilwad, waid, n, first caller 
tcyneirchiad, iaid, n, first supplicator 
cynel -au, n, dog-kenncl 
cyneuad, n, burning, ignition 
cynfab, feibion, n. first-born son 
cynfam -au, nf, first mother 
tcynfaran, n, strength, forefront 
cynfardd, teirdd, n, early Welsh poet. 
The cynfeirdd flourished from the 6th 
to the 1 2th century, and were fol- 
lowed by the gogynfeirdd 
cynfas -au, nf, sheet 
cynfas -au, n, canvas, coarse cloth 
cynfasen, nf, winnowing - sheet ; bed 

sheet 
cynfebyd, n, early youth 
cynfedydd, n, first baptism 
tcynfedd -ion, n, bent, disposition 
fcynferth, a, first in beauty 
cynferthyr -on, n, protomartyr 
tcynrtgen -nau, nf, envy=cenflgen 
cynfisol, a, of the previous month, 

ultimo 
cynflaen -ion, n, foremost point 
eynflas, n, foretaste 
cynflith -ion, n, first milk 
cynfod -au, n, pre-existence 
cynfodol, a, pre-existent 
cynfodolaeth, nf, pre-existence 
tcynfrith, a, of variegated front : /. 

cynfraith 
cynfrodor -ion, n, original inhabitant. 
cynfrodorion, aborigines 



Cury^^fsO^fJ^jtS^ 



CV X 

cynlrodorol, a, aboriginal 

cynfyd, n, primitive or ancient world; 

antiquity 
tcynfyl, ;;, strife, rontention, discord 
cynffon -nau, n/, tail, rump. Cynŷon 

y gath, horsetail, pquisetum 
cynlTondrwst, a. Xeidr gynffnv. iwst, 

rattle-snake 
eynffongi, gwn, n, toady, spoii,L;(.r 
cynffonlonni, v, to wag the t.nil. to fawn 
cynffonllyd, a, sponging, cringing 
cynifonna, v, to act the sycoi^l.ant ; lo 

fawn, to toady, to cringe 
cynflonni, v, to turn tail; to fu\Mi 
cynflonnoe;, a, having a tail. Sercn ?vii- 

ffonnog, Seren gynffon, comet 
cynffonnwr, ffonwyr, n, toady, syco- 
phant 
tcynfford, «, comfort, consolation 
cynffrwyth -au, «, first fruit; first- 
fruits 
cynflurf, a, cuneiform 
tcyngyd, n, attempt, effort; mind, 
thought, purpose, intention; hesita- 
tion; delay: v, to meet; to purpose, 
to intend; to attempt 
cynhadledd, cynadieddau, «/, conference 
eynhaeaf -an, n, harvest; autumnf 
cynhaeafa, v, to dry in the sun 
cynhaeafu, i\ to harvest 
cynhaeafwr, wyr, n, harvest-man, har- 
vester 
tcynhafad, fcynhafog, a, familiar, com- 
mon, abundant 
tcyniiafal, c, similar, like 
cynhaid, heidiau, nf, first swarm 
cynhaig, a, in heat (of dogs) 
tcynhaledigaeth, M/=cynhaliaeth 
cynhaliad, n, holding; support, sup- 
porter 
cynhaliaeth, nf, maintenance, support 
cynhaliol, a, supporting, sustainirig 
cynhaliwr, wyr, cynhalydd, alyddion, n, 
holder, upholder, supporter, main- 
tainer, sustainer 
cynhanesol, cynhanesyddol, a, pre- 
historic 
cynhanfod, n, pre-existence 
oynhanfodol, a, pre-existent 
cynharlaw, n, early rain 
cynharu, v, to be early 
cynharwch, n, earliness 
cynhauaf, ;?= eynhaeaf 
cynhebrwng, bryngau, n, funeral pro- 



CYN 



cession ; retinuef, traint (for older 
canhebrwng) (i Mace. ix. ^7) 
tcynhebrwydd, n, the like (cynhebyg- 

rwydd) 
tcynhebyg, a, like, alike, similar 
toynhebygrwydd,)!, similar! ty,simihtude 
tcynhebygu, v, to compare 
cynheica, v, to be in heat (of dogs) 
cynheiliad, iaid, ;;, supporter 
tcynheiliaeth, nf, maintenance 
tcynheilwad, aid, tcynheilydd, cyneil- 

yddion, ;;, upholder, supporter 
cynhenid, a, inborn, nmate, inherent; 
native, natural; congenital; first-bornf 
cynhenllyd, cynhennog, a, contentious, 

quarrelsome 
cynhennu, v, to contend, to quarrel, to 

wrangle 
cynhennus, a, contentious, quarrelsome 
cynhennwr, henwyr, », wrangler; liti- 
gant t 
cynherig, a, in heat (of dogs) 
cynhesfwyd, n. See cwynosfwyd 
cynhesol, a, warming, cheering; amiable 
cynhesrwydd, n, warmth; ardourf 
cynhesu, v, to warm; to grow warm 
tcynhewi, v, to keep silence 
tcynhewydd, n, a silent man 
cynhinio, v, to rend, to tear, to shred 
cynhinyn, hinion, n, shred, strip, snippet 
tcynhorfan, «/, a place in the forefront 
tcynhorog, a, in the first line 
cynhorthwy, orthwyop, n, help, aid, 

assistance; succour, relief 
cynhwynol, a, natural, native, innate, 

congenital, born 
cynhwysfawr, a, comprehensive 
cynhwysiad, n, contents; epitome; in- 
clusion ; permission!, encouragementf 
tcynhwyso, i;=cynnwys 
cynhwyster, «, compactness, conciseness 
cynhyrchiol, a, productive 
cynhyrchion, «^, productions 
cynhyrchu, v, to produce; to raise; to 

oiferf, to presentf, to dedicate! 
cynhyrfiad, n, agitation, impulse; stir- 
ring, motion. cynyrfiadau, com- 
motions, disturbances. Ar gynhyrfiad 
y foment, on the spur of the moment 
oynhyrfiol, a, stirrins;, thrilling 
eynhyrflyd, a, excitable; agitated 
cynhyrfu, v, to move; to stir up; to 
convulse, to agitate, to trouble, to 
disturb; to be agitated or excited 
120 



CYN 

cynhyrfus, a, agitated, excited, ex- 
citable; exciting 
cynhyriwr, cynhyrfydd, wyr, n, stirrer, 

agitator, disturber 
cyni, n, anguish, distress, adversity 
tcynial, n, attack 
cynifer, a & n, as many, so many 
cyniferydd -ion, n, quotient 
tcyniriad, iaid, fcynifiwr, wyr, n, 

warrior, combatant ; oppressor 
cynildeb, n, accuracyt ; skillf ; delicacy ; 

frugality, economy, thrift 
cynilion, up, savings 
cynilo, V, to use skillf; to save, to be 

thrifty or frugal, to economize 
cynilwch, n= cynildeb 
cynio, V, to wedge; to chisel, to gouge 
tcynired, n, concourse; gift, boon 
fcynired, v, to go t-^ and fro; to gather; 

to resort; to frequent; to conduct, to 

convey 
tcynisgyn, n, joint sallying to battle 
cyniwair, v, to go to and fro, to frequent 
cyniweirfa -oedcJ, feydd, nf, resort, haunt 
cyniweirio, f= cyniwair 
oyniweiriol, a, wandering 
cyniweirydd, n, wayfarer (Isa. xxxiv. 

lO) 

cynllaeth, n, first milk 

tcynllaith, n, mist : a, mild 

tcynllaith, n, slaughter 

cynlliw -iau, n, primary colour 

eynliun -iau, n, pattern, model, design; 
scheme, plan 

cynlluniad, «, planning, design 

cynllunio, v, to model; to plan, to de- 
sign 

cynllunydd -ion, wyr, n, designer 

fcynllwst, llystau, n, dog-kennel 

tcynllwyd, a, hoary-headed 

cynllwyn -ion, n, ambush, plot; imp 

cynllwyn, v, to waylay; to lie in wait; 
to plot, to conspire 

cynllwynfa, feydd, nf, ambush, ambus- 
cade 

cynllwynwr, wyr, ii, conspiiator 

cynllyfan -au, n, leash, slip 

cynllyfanu, v, to leash hounds 

tcynna, a, as good 

tcynnadi, hadlau, «/, converse, col- 
loquy; meeting, conference ; rendezvous 

cynnair, cyneiriau, n, etymon, root, 
primitive word 

cynnal, v, to hold, to uphold, to support. 



CYN 



to sustam, to bear; to maintain; to 
keep, to contain; to controlf, to rulef, 
to governt 

tcynnan, a, clearly heard 

cynnar, a, early, timely, soon 

cynne, v & H=cynneu 

cynneddf, eddfau, nf, quality, pro- 
perty, faculty, attribute; nature, dis- 
position; usef, customf, practicef, 
habitt ; characteristicf ; magical qual- 
ityf 

cynnelw -au, n, pattern, model, arche- 
type 

icynnelw, t;= cynnal 

cynnen, hennau, nf, contention, strife 

cynnes, a, warm 

cynneu, v, to kindle, to burn, to fire, 
to light: n & nf, fire, blaze, burning, 
conflagration (2 Chron. xvi. 14) 

cynneu, ad. See gynneu 

tcynneuog, a, fire-lighting, blazing 

cynnhrig, a, first inhabited, aborigmal. 
cynnhrigolion, aborigines 

tcynnif, v, to attempt; to attack, to 
fight: nf, strife, conflict, toil 

cynnig, v &. n= cynnyg 

cynnil, a, skilfulf ; sparing, thrifty, econ- 
omical, saving; delicate 

cynnin, hinion, n, shred, strip 

cynnoes, oesoedd, oesau, nf, first age, 
antiquity 

cynnog, n, milk-pail (Judges iv. 19) 

tcynnogn, n, principal debtor 

tcynnor, nf, the van in battle 

fcynnor, cynorau, nf, entrance, porch, 
outer door; door-post; threshold 

tcynnor, pi. cynoriaid, n, leader, chief 

cynnorf, nhorfoedd, nf, van of an army 

cynnu, i»^ cynneu 

tcynnu, v, to struggle 

cynnu, v, to arise, to rise; to raise, to 
lift (dial, c.onni) 

tcynnu, v.def, pres. ind. s. 3, sets 

cynnud, c;;, firewood, fuel 

cynnull, ;■, to collect, to gather, to 
assemble; to muster; to compile: 
n, gathering, assembly; harvest. Gŵyl 
y Cynnull, the feast of ingathering 
(Ex. xxiii. 16) 

cynnwf, n, first growth 

fcynnwll, n, distance, space, interval 

cynnwrf, hyrfau, hyrfoedd, n, com- 
motion, stir, tumult; trouble; dis- 
turbance; agitation; excitement 
121 



ttj^ìeJhjY^^^ ^- ^lt!^'^^ ^^^ 



CYN 



CYN 



tcynnwyí, n, first vigour, first passion 

tcynnwyf, a, full of passion 

cynnwys, v, to contain, to include, to 
comprise, to comprehend; to en- 
courage; to admitt; to receivef, to 
acceptf; to allowf, to permitf 

cynnwys, cynhwysion, n, content{s); 
admissiont, permissionf, leavet 

tcynnwys, a, compact, close, compend- 
ious 

cynnydd, «, increase, growth, progress 

cynnyg, cynnig, v, to offer, to tender; 
to attempt; to propose, to move; to 
bid; to apply 

oynnyg, cynygion, «, offer; attempt 

oynnyrch, hyrchion, n & en, produce, 
yield; product 

cynoesol, a, primeval 

cynoeswr, wyr, », ancient 

tcynon -laid, n, canon 

tcynor -ion, ;i = cynydd 

fcynordy, dai, n, kennel 

tcynorthwyad, w, help, support, suc- 
cour 

cynorthwyo, v, to aid, to help, to assist, 
to succour, to support 

cynorthwyol, a, auxiliary, assistant. 
Pregethwr cynorthwyol, local or lay 
preacher 

cynorthwywr, wyr, eynorthwyydd -ion, 
M, helper, assistant 

tcynos, np, little dogs, puppies 

tcynosod -au, n, onset, attack 

fcynrabad, n, happiness, prosperity 

cynrych -au, n, object, example, speci- 
men, model, pattern 

tcynrychiol, fcynrychol, a, present 

cynrychiolaeth, nf, representation 

tcynrychioldeb, n, presence 

cynrychioli, v, to represent 

cynrychioliad, n, representing, repre- 
sentation 

cynrychiolwr, wyr, cynrychiolydd -ion, 
n, representative ; delegate 

tcynryseddad, «, combatant, champion 

cynrhaid, rheidiau, ;;, prerequisite 

cynrhaith, rheithiau, »/, precept 

cynrhan -nau, ji/, first part; instalment 

fcynrhan, rhain, rheinion, n, leader, 

chieftain 
eynrhon, up (-yn, «), maggots, grubs 

cynrhoni, v, to breed maggots 

cynrhonllyd, a, breeding maggots, mag- 
goty 



cynsail, seiliau, nf, rudiment; funda- 
mental; premise, proposition, pre- 
cedent 

fcynsefyll, v, to stand, to halt 

cynsidro, v, to consider 

tcynsynio, v, to purpose, to attempt 

eynt, a, first, earliest, prime ; earlier, 
quicker, swifter; sooner: ad, formerly, 
lately, before 

cyntaf, a, first, earliest: chief; fleetestf, 
swiftestf: ad, first, firstly 

cyntafanedig, a & n, first-born 

tcyntaid, »/=cynhaid 

cyntedd -au, n, court, entry, porch 

cynteddfa -oedd, feydd, fâu, nf, court, 
entrance 

cynteflg, a, prime, primal, primary, 
original, primitive. cyntefigion, 

primitives 

tcyntefin, n, beginning of summer 

tcyntefin, a, primary, primal, primitive: 
71, origin, root, bud. — dydd, early 
morning. — haf, early summer 

fcynteig, a=cynterig 

tcyntor-au, n, porch, doorway=cynnor 

cyntun, n, sleep, nap 

fcynudu, i»=cynuta 

tcynullawd, n, an assembly 

cynulleidfa -oedd t-on, nf, congregation, 
assembly, host 

tcynuUeidfan -nau, nf, place of as- 
sembly, meeting-house 

cynulleidfaol, a, congregational 

Cynulleidfaoliaeth, nf, Congregational- 
ism 

CynuUeidtaolwr, wyr, n, Congregation- 
alist 

cynulliad -au n, gatherine, assembly 

tcynuUo, ii=cynnull 

cynuUwr, wyr, cynullydd -ion, n, gath- 
erer; compiler; convener 

cynuta, v, to gather fuel 

tcynutai, eion, n, fuel-man, woodman 

cynutwr, wyr, n, fuel-man, fuel- 
gatherer (Num. XV. 33) 
tcynwan -au, nf, first assault 

tcynweisiad, iald, n, leading youth; prin- 
cipal officer, commissioner 
tcynweled, v, to foresee: n, foresight 
tcynwyd, a, evil; destructive; fierce 
tcynwyledd, n, bashfulness, modesty 
cynydd -ion, n, huntsman 

oynyddiaeth, n, huntsmanship 
cynyddol, a, increasing, growing 
122 



CYN 

eynyddu, v, to increase, to grow, to 
augment ; to promote 

oynygiad -au, n, proposal, proposition, 
motion 

cynygiwr, wyr, cynygydd -ion, n, pro- 
poser, mover 

oynysgaeddu, v, to endow, to endue; to 
provide, to suppl}- 

cynysgaeth, nf, dower, portion, fortune 

cynysgrif, cynysgrifen, ysgrifau, nf, ori- 
1,'inal writing or manuscript ; first copy 

eyplu, V, to couple, to connect 

cypiysnod -au, nf, hvphen (-) 

cyplysu, V, to couple or join together, 
to connect 

eypreswydd, np (-en, nf), cypress 

cyraeddadwy, a. attainable 

cyraeddiadau, np, attainments 

cyrafol, cyrafon, np, mountain-ash ber- 
ries 

tcyrafu, v, to pardon, to forgive 

cyrains, cyrans, np, currants 

cyrawel, np (-e», nf), berries, moun- 
tain-ash berries. Cyrawel y moch, haws 

cyrbibion, np (cyrbibyn, n), atoms, 
shivers 

teyrbwyll, >S:c.= crybwyll, &c. 

cyrcydu, v, to squat, to cower 

cyrch -au, n, circlet, circuitf; centre, 
goal; resort, haimt; course; inroad; 
attack, assault; gravity. Dwyn Cyrch, 
to make an attack or assault. Gair 
cyrch, \vord(s) following rhyme-word 
in first line of englyn 

tcyrchafael, «, ascension. fDydd Ian 
Cyrcliafacl, Ascension Thursday 

cyrchfa, -oedd, feydd, fâu, nf, resort, 
haunt ; goal 

cyrchfan -nau, nf, resort, haunt 

cyrchle -oedd, n, resort, haunt 

cyrchnaid, neidiau, nf, leap, bound 

cyrchu, v, to go, to approach; to resort, 
to repair; to gravitate; to fetch; to 
aim, to press forward; to attackf. 
— allan, to rush or sally out 

tcyrddiad, iaid, ;;, bailiff 

feyreifiant, n, pardon, forgiveness 

tcyrfachedigaeth, nf, numbness, rigor 

tcyrfachu, v, to shrink, to shrivel, to 
numb 

tcyridy, dai, n, alehouse, tavern 

cyrfen -nau, «/, curve; characterf; 
dialectt 

tcyrfin -au, nf, frame 



CYS 

tcyrfmo, v, to frame, to construct 

cyrfydd -ion, n, ale-brewer 

tcyrfyll, n, stump, block 

cyrhaeddbell, n, far-reaching 

cyrhaeddgar, a, incisive, telling 

cyrhaeddiad, cyraeddiadau, n, reach ; 
attainment; arrival 

cyrhaeddyd, "cyrhaeddu, i;=cyrraedd 

cyrlaes, a, traihng 

cyrliad, n, curling 

cyrlio, V, to curl 

cyrliog, a, curly 

tcyrlwys, a, with fair border or skirt 

tcyrnad, n, blast of a horn 

cyrnadu, v, to trumpet; to cry, to 
howl, to bawl 

cyrnen -nau, nf, cone; stack, cock; peak 

cyrnennu, v, to pileup, to stack, to cock 

cyrnewian, v, to whine (N.W.) 

tcyrniad, tceirniad, iaid, n, horn-blower 

tcyrnig, a, horned 

eyrnio, v, to pile up, to stack 

cyrniogyn, n, piggin 

cyrnol -iaid, n, colonel 

cyrraedd, v, to attain, to reach; to ex- 
tend; to arrive: n, reach, extent 

cyrrau, np, ends; corners: s. cwr 

tcyrrith, a, sparing, saving, parsi- 
monious, sordid, niggardly 

eyrs, np, reeds, stems, canes : s. corsen 

cyrtan -siau, n, curtain (dial.) 

tcyriiwr, wyr, n, courtier 

cysain, seiniau, nf, consonance: a, con- 
sonant, of the same sound 

tcysain, seiniaid, nf, consonant 

cysawd, sodau, n, junction ; system; 
constellation 

fcysbell, a, close, near; compact 

fcysbwyll -au, n, reason, rationale 

cysefin, a, first, former ; primordial, 
primitive, original; native: adf. ot\- 
ginally, first 

tcysefyll, v, to stand, to stop 

cysegr -oedd -au, n, sanctuary; conse- 
crationt : ", sacredt 

tcysegrad, «= cysegriad 

cysegredig, a, consecrated, hallowed, 
sacred 

tcysegredigaeth, nf, consecration 

cysegredigrwydd, n, sacredness 

cysegrfa -oedd, feydd, nf, holy place, 
sanctuary 

cysegriad -au, n, consecration 

cysegrladrad, n, sacrilege 

123 



.yù^sJÁ ; cJlLl^cX^^ 



CYS 

cysegr-lân, a, holy 

cysegru, v, to consecrate, to dedicate, 
to devote; to sanctify, to keep holy 

cysegrwr, wyr, n, consecrator 

cysegr-wyl, nf, feast of dedication 
(John X. 22) 

cysegrysbail, nf, sacrilege 

cysegrysbeilgar, a, sacrilegious 

cysegrysbeiliad, n, sacrilege 

cysegrysbeilio, v, to commit sacrilege 

cysegrysbeiliwr, wyr, n, sacrilegist 

tcyseingaw, v, to be contained together 

tcyseiniad, seiniaid, nf, consonant 

cyseinio, v, to sound together 

cyseiniol, a, consonant, harmonious 

tcysellt, ", conjuncture, opportunity 

cysêt, », conceit, fastidiousness 

cysetlyd, a, fastidious, finicking 

tcysewyr, n, fragrance 

cysgadrwydd, n, drowsiness, sleepiness, 
torpor 

cysgadur -laid, n, sleeper : at> sleeping, 
sleepy 

tcysgaid, a, sleeping 

cysgbair, a & n, soporific, opiate, nar- 
cotic 

cysgfa, nf, sleep, slumber; nvmbnt-ss, 
torpor 

cysgle -oedd, n, sleeping-place, dor- 
mitory 

cysglyd, a, sleepy, drowsy 

cysglys, n, poppy 

cysgod -au -ion, n, shade, shadow; 
screen, shelter; type, emblem 

cysgodfa, feydd, «/, shady place ; shelter 

cysgodfawr, a, shady 

cysgodi, V, to shadow, to shade; to 
shelter; to screen; to shield; to typify 

cysgodlen -ni, nf, screen 

cysgodlun -iau, n, type, symbol, emblem 

cysgodog, a, shady, sheltered 

cysgodol, a, shady, sheltered; typical, 
symbolic, emblematical 

tcysgog -ion, n, concussion, shake, shak- 
ing, trembling, quivering 

tcysgogi, V, to strike together 

tcysgogiad, n, concussion, agitation 

cysgolion, np, narcotics 

cysgu, V, to sleep; to be benumbed 

cysgwr, wyr, n, sleeper 

tcysgwyd, d= cysgu 

cysidro, v, to consider 

cysodi, î', to set type, to compose 

cysodydd -ion, wyr, n, compositor 



CYS 



cyson, a, consistent, constant; har- 
monious; musicalf 
cysondeb, n, concordance, harmony ; 
agreement, consistency; constancy, 
regularity; analogy. Cysondeb y 
ffydd, the proportion of faith (Rom. 
xii. 6) 
cysoni, V, to harmonize; to reconcile 
cysonwr, wyr, cysonydd -ion, n, har- 
monist 
fcystadl, a, equal; as good, as well; so 

good, so well 
fcystadledd, n, comparison 
cystadleuaeth -au, ;//, competition 
cystadleuol, a, competitive 
cystadleuwr, cystadleuydd, wyr, ;■, com- 
petitor 
cystadlu, v, to equal; to vie, to rival; 

to compete ; to compare 
cystadlwr, wyr, ;;, competitor 
cystadradd, u/, equative degree 
cystal, a, equivalent, equal, as good, so 

good : ad, as well, so well 
tcystalddyn, n, fellow-man, equal, peer 
tcystedlydd -ion, n, competitor, rival 
tcysteg -au, ;;, toil, labour, trouble, 

grief 
tcystig, a, severe, austere, harsh 
tcystlwn, lynedd, n, kindred, kinship, 

family, alliance, affinity 
teystiynedd, /;, kindred; nlhance 
tcjstlynu, v., to join in alliance 
tcystog -ion, n, slave, drudge 
tcystoges -au, nf, slave, drudge 
fcystogi, V, to slave, to drudge 
cystowci, cystawci, cwn, n, mastiff 
cystrawen -nau -ni, ;;/, syntax, con- 
struction 
cystrawennol, a, syntactic 
cystrawennu, v, to construct; to parse 
cystrawiaeth, nf, construction; syntax 
cystudd -iau, n, affliction, tribulation, 

trouble, grief; illness 
cystuddiedig, a, afflicted; contrite (Isa. 

Ivii, 15) 
cystuddio, 7', to afflict, to trouble 
cystuddiol, a, afflicting, afflicted 
cystuddiwr, wyr, n, afflicter, oppressor 

(Isa. Ix. 14) 
tcystwm, n, custom 
cystwy -on, n, chastisement 
cystwyad, n, castigation, trouncing 
cystwyo, v, to chastise, to castigate, to 
trounce 

124 



CYS 

cystwywr, wyr, n, chastiser 

tcysul-ion, n, counsel, advice; propitia- 
tion ; V, to counsel 

fcysuledig, a, confessed 

tcysulio, tcysulied, v, to reconcile 

tcysuliwr, wyr, w, counsellor 

cysur -on, n, comfort, consolation 

cysurfawr, a, of great comfort 

tcysurhad, n, comfort, consolation 

tcysurhau, v, to comfort, to console 

cysurlawn, a, full of comfort, comfort- 
ing, consoling, consolatory 

eysuro, v, to comfort, to console 

tcysurol, a, cheering, of good cheer 
(Acts xxvii. 36Ì 

cysurus, a, comfortable; consolatory 

cysurwr, wyr, n, comforter 

cyswllt, sylltau, sylltiadau, n, joint, 
junction, connexion 

tcyswyn, n, consent; confederacy: a, 
reputed. Gair cyswyn, watchword, 
motto 

tcyswynfab, feibion, n, reputed son; il- 
legitimate son 

tcyswyniad, laid, n, confederate, ally 

tcyswyno, v, to confederate; to impute 

cysylltiad -au, w, joint, joining, con- 
nexion, relation, bearing; addition! 

cysylltiad, iaid, ti, conjunction (in gram- 
mar) 

cysylltiol, a, conjoined, connected, co- 
herent; connecting, connective, con- 
junctive 

cysylltu, V, to join, to unite, to connect; 
to addf 

cysylltwr, wyr, n, connecter, connector 

cysylltydd -ion, n, connector; the sign 
of addition (+) 

eysylltyn, n, adjunct 

tcytal, V, to dwell together (Ezra x. 2) 

fcytawdd, «, melting together 

tcytbar, n, partner, mate, fellow 

cytbell, a, equidistant 

tcytbrein(i)og, n, yoke-fellow (from 
cyd and pren] 

cytbwys, a, of equal weight 

tcyteimlad -au, n, fellow feehng, com- 
miseration, sympathy ■ 

tcyteimlo, v, to sympathize 

cytew, a, thick, stiff, viscous, viscid 

tcytgam, v, to dally, to trifle, to jest : 
)(, dalliance, play, sport 

cytgan -au, «/, chorus; concert 

cytgerdd -i -au, w/, symphony; concert 



CYTH 

tcytgnawd, «, copulation, coitus 

cytgord, n, concord 

tcytgwyn, n, indictment 

eytio, V, to pen, to sty 

cytir -oedd, n, common 

cytirogion, np, partners in land; neigh 

hours 
cytras, a, allied, related; cognate 
cytrasedd, n, kinship, affinity 
cytref, a, of the same city or town 
cytreftadog -ion, h, co-heir 
tcytremu, v, to get a glimpse of 
tcytrin, v, to touch, to handle 
fcytrwm, a, evenly balanced 
fcytrym, n, instant. Yn gytrym, in- 
stantly; as soon as 
cytsain, seiniaid, n/, consonant 
cytsain, seiniau, iif, harmony, concert 
cytfln, a, in agreement, in accord; in 
accordance; of one accord, unani- 
mous, coincident 
cytundeb -au, ;;, agreement; contract; 

compact ; concordf 
cytuniad -au, n, agreeing, agreement 
cytuno, V, to agree, to consent; to co- 
incide; to contract; to come to terms 
cytunol, a= cytun 

cytunus, a, agreeing, agreeable; har- 
monious 
cytunwr, wyr, n, one who agrees 
fcyty, tai, n, a joint house 
fcytyaeth, n, joint occupation 
fcytynnu, v, to pull together; to concur 
tcytys, n, conversation, intercourse 
eythlwng, n, fasting, fast, hunger 
cythraul, euliaid, n, devil, demon, 

fiend; opponentf, adversary! 
fcythrawl, a, cross, contrary, adverse: 

M = cythraul 
cythreules -au, nf, she-devil, fury 
cythreuliaeth, nf, demonology, demon- 
ism, devilry 
cythreulig, a, devilish, fiendish, cyth- 

reuligion, demoniacs 
cythreuligrwydd, n, fiendishness 
tcythreurawl, a, fiendish 
cythru, v, to snatch; to scamp; to 

bolt ; to rush ; to defecate 
cythrudd -ion, n, annoyance, irritation, 
perturbation, provocation; confusionf 
cythruddgar, a, irascible, irritable 
cythruddo, v, to provoke; to agitate, to 
annoy, to ruffle, to anger, to irritate, 
to exasperate; to confoundf 
1-5 



íUÍM{ 



CYTH 

cythruddol, a, irritating, annoying 

cythrwbl, yblau, n, trouble 

cythrwfl, n, uproar, tumult, disturb- 
nace, commotion, confusion 

tcythrwm, a, evenly balanced 

tcythryblaeth, nf, commotion, tumult 

cythryblu, fcythryblio, v, to trouble, to 
disturlj, to agitate 

cythryblus, a, troubled, agitated 

cythryblwr, wyr, n, troublcr, disturber 

tcythrym -ion, n, instant 

tcythrymed, a, exact, even, well 
balanced (equative of cythrwm) 

tcythrymol, a, instantaneous 

cyw -ion, n, young bird, chick. The 
young of almost all animals are so 
called in North Wales. Cywion hwy- 
aid, ducklings. Cywion gwyddan, gos- 
lings; catkins. Cywion ieir, chickens. 
Caseg a chyw, mare and foal. Cyw 
nielyn olaf, last of a brood 

tcywaeth, n=eyfoeth 

tcywaethgael, a, wealthy, opulent 

tcywaethl, n, strife, contention: a, pug- 
nacious 

tcywaethl(u), v, to strive, to contend 

tcywaethog, a=cyfoethog 

eywain, v, to convey, to carry; to 
carry crops; to gamer 

cywair, weiriau, n, order; repair, repara- 
tion ; equipment; key in music; 
tune; rennet 

tcywair, a, prepared ; well ordered, 
orderly, equipped ; complete; har- 
monious, melodious 

fcywaith, a, co-operative; interwoven 

tcywaith, weithiau, n, joint effort 

fcywaith, weithion, n, companion, asso- 
ciate 

fcywala, n, fellow: a, hke 

cywarch, «, hemp, flax, tow 

tcywarsangu, i'=cyfarsangu 

tcywastad, a, constant, unwavering 

fey wed d, a, like, similar 

tcywedd -au, nf, conformation 

tcyweddol, a, conformable 

tcyweddu, v, to conform, to agree 

tcyweddu, v, to convey, to carry 

cyweirdant, dannau, n, key-string; key- 
note 

cyweirdeb, n, order, arrangement; order- 
liness, completeness 

jcyweirdebau, np, accoutrements, fit- 
tings, furnishings 



CYW 
cyweirgorn, gyrn, n, tuning-key, wrest 
cyweirio, r, to put in order, to correct, 
to rectify, to prepare, to make ; to 
repair, to mend; to amend; to tune; 
to chastise; to castrate (pronounced 
cweirio). — gwely, to make a bed. 
— croen, to dress a skin. ■ — lledr, to 
tan leather 
cyweiriwr, wyr, n, repairer; castrator 
cyweirnod -au, n, key-note 
tcyweithad, n, partnership 
tcyweithas -au, nf, society; commerce; 
intercourse: a, sociable; kind, kindly, 
gentle (i Pet. ii. i8) 
tcyweithasrwydd, n, kindness, kindli- 
ness, gentleness 
tcyweithydd -ion, n, troop, company, 

band, host, retinue 
cywely, nc, bedfellow; consort; part- 
ner 
tcywelyes -au, nf, consort, concubine 
tcywelyogaeth, nf, fcywelyogach, n, 

cohabitation, concubinage 
cywen -nod, nf, pullet, young hen 
tcywerth, a, equivalent 
tcywerthydd -ion, n, equivalent 
fcywerthyddio, v, to equal in value 
tcywestach, n, copulation, libido 
tcywestwch, n, joint entertainment 
tcywethl -au, n, strife, contention; re- 

monstration 
tcywng, a, close together 
cywilydd -ion, n, shame, disgrace; shy- 
ness, bashfulness; modesty 
cywilyddgar, a, bashtul, shy; modest 
cywilyddgarwch, n, bashfulness 
cywilyddio, v, to shame; to be ashamed 
cywilyddus, a, shameful, scandalous; 
disgraceful ; bashfult, shyt, modestf 
cywir, a, correct, accurate; just; true, 

honest, sincere; faithful, loyal 
cywirdeb, n, correctness, accuracy; in- 
tegrity, sincerity, honesty, fidelity, 
truth, faith, loyalty; honourf. Cadw 
cywirdeb, to keep faith 
cywirder, n, correctness, accuracy 
tcywirdod, tcywiredd, «^cywirdeb 
cywirfarn, a, judicious 
cywirgalon, a, true-hearted 
cywiriad -au, n, correction 
tcywiriaid, np, true men, loyalists 
cywiro, V, to correct, to amend; to make 
good, to perform (promise or vow). 
fCywiro oed, to keep an appointment 
126 



CYW 



CHWA 



cywirwr, wyr, n, corrector 

jcywiw, a, (well) worthy. Bod yn gywiw 

ganddo, that he had been pleased 
tcywlad, wledydd, nf, bordering country; 

borderland 
tcywlad, wleidiaid, n & a, (one) of the 

same country 
tcywladoldeb, n, state, commonwealth 
tcywladu, v, to naturalize 
tcywleidiad -on, wleidiaid, n, fellow- 
countryman, compatriot 
tcywleiddiadon, np, fellow-countrymen 

(cywleidiadon) 
teywolw, V, to follow, to go with, to 

accompany 
cywrain, tcywraint, a, skilful; accurate; 

curious, cywreinion, curiosities 
cywreinbeth -au, einion, n, curiosity 
cywreindeb, ti, art, skill, ingenuity 
cywreinfa, feydd, nf, museum 
cywreinio, v, to use skill; to fashion 

skilfully; to adjust 
cywreiniwr, wyr, n, man of skill 
cywreinrwydd, n, skilfulness, skill; ac- 

curacyt; curiosity 
cywreinwaitli, n, ' cunning work ' (Gen. 

iv. 22) , 

tcywrenin, fl = cyfrenin 
tcyẅres, nf, concubine 
tcywrisg, a, with even border 
teywrys, jcywrysedd, n, contention (cyf- 

rysedd) 
tcywych, a, brilliant 
cywydd -au, n, poemf, odet; songt.layf; 
a peculiarly Welsh poerii, for which 
there is no Enghsh equivalent. Ren- 
der simply cywydd 
tcywydd, n, this world 
fey wyddaid, n, ode, metrical composition 
tcywyddiaeth, nf, decency, propriety 
tcywyddoliaeth -au, nf, song; poesy 
tcywyddolion, np, songsters, minstrels 
cywyddu, v, to compose cywyddau 
cywyddwr, wyr, n, composer of cy- 
wyddau ; poet 
tcywynnu, v, to rise, to start [cy- 
chwynnii) 
ywyrain, v, to rise together 
Ŷcywystlor -ion, n, confederate 

CH 

chwa -on -oedd, nf, blast, puff, gust' 
breeze 



tchwaen, chweiniau, nf, adventure; 
chance, hap; motion, impulse; act 

chwaer, chwiorydd, nf, sister. Chwaer 
yng nghyfraith, sister-in-law 

cliwaerfaeth, nf, foster-sister 

chwaerol, a. sisterly 

chwaeroliaeth -au, nf, sisterhood 

chwaeth -au -oedd, n & nf, savour, 
tasle 

ehwaethach, ad, much less; rather 

ehwaethu. v, to savour, to taste 

Cuwaethus, a, tasteful; palatable; decent 

chwaethusrwydd, n, tastefulness, de- 
cency 

fcliwaff -iau, n, gust: ad, instantly 

tchwai, a, active, brisk, alert, quick 

jchwail, en, quail(s) 

ch wain, np ich wannen, nf) , fleas. Chwain 
traeth, sand-hoppers 

chwaith, ad, neither, nor . . . either 

cliwâl, a, loose; friable; soft; spread. 
Pridd chwál, loose crumbling mould 

chwâl, n. Ar chivdl, scattered 

fchwalcys, np, whelks 

chwalfa, feydd, nf, upset, confusion, 
upheaval; dispersion, rout 

ehwalff -au, n, shapeless piece, lump 

chwaliad, n, scattering, dispersion 

chwalu, V, to strew, to spread, to scat- 
ter ; to talk idly, to babble, to prate 

chwalwr, wyr, n, scatterer, spreader 
(Nahum ii. i) 

fchwanecau, î;=chwanegu 

chwaneg, a & n, more, chwanegion, ad- 
ditions, addenda 

chwanegiad -au, n, addition 

chwanegol, a, additional 

chwanegu, v, to add, to increase ; to 
aufîment 

chwannen, pi. chwain, nf, flea 

chwannog, a, desirous, greedy, avid, 
eager; apt, inclined, addicted 

chwant -au, n, desire, appetite, craving, 
lust. Chwant hivyd, hunger 

chwanta, chwantio, chwantu, v, to de- 
sire, to lust, to covet 

chwantus. a, histful 

chwap -iau, n, whap, whop: ad, in- 
stantly 

tchwapio, V, to whop, to strike, to slap 

chwarae, cliware, v, to play; to act; to 
practise; to fence: euon, n & nf, play, 
game, sport, pastime. Chwarae bach, 
an easy matter 

127 



CHWA 
chwardd, v, s. 3, pres. & fut. of 

chweithin 
chwarddiad, h, laughing, laugh 
chwarddwr, wyr, n, laugher 
chwarel -au -i -ydd, nf, quarry 
chwarel -au, nf, pane ot glass 
chwarel -au, n, lump, as from milk curd- 
ling in the breast 
■fchwarel -au, n, dart or bolt shot from 

a crossbow, quarrel 
fchwarelu, v, to dart; to curdle 
chwarelwr, wyr, n, quarryman 
chwareudy, dai, n, playhouse, theatre 
chwareufa -oedd, feydd, fan, nf, play- 
ground; theatre 
chwareuian, nf, theatre, circus 
chwareuiwrdd, fyrddau, n, stage 
chwareugar, a, playful, sportive 
chwareugerdd -i, nf, drama 
chwareus, a, playful 
chwareuwr, wyr, n, player 
chwareuydd -ion, «, player, actor 
chwareuyddes -au, nf, player; actress 
chwareuyddiaeth, /;/, play, acting 
chwareuyddol, a, theatrical; drama- 



CHWE 
chwedlau, news, tidings. Chwedl hwn 
a hwn, as so and so says 

ehwedla, v, to gossip 

chwedlaidd, a, fabulous, mythical 

chwedlëig, a, gossiping 

chwedleua, v, to talk, to speak, to con- 
verse; to gossip 

chwedleues -au, nf, tale-bearer, gos- 
sip 

chwedleugar, a, fond of talk, talkative, 
loquacious, garrulous 

tchwedleuo, v, to talk, to speak, to 
report 

chwedleuon, tip, a double plural fo 
chwedl 

chwedleuwr, wyr, n, talker; story- 
telle» 

chwedleuydd -ion, n, talker; narrator 

tchwedliaeth, nf, news, tidings, report 

chwedlofydd -ion, n, mythologist 

chwedlofyddiaeth, nf, mythology 

chwedlofyddol, a, mythological 

tchwedlon -au, nf, myth 

chwedloniaeth, nf, mythology 

chwedlonol, a, mythical, mythologi- 



chwarfan, nf. See chwerfan 
tchwarian, tchwarien. it, placid, slow, 

soft 
tchwario, i;=chwarae 
chwarren, chwarennau, nf, gland; hard 

swelling, kernel; boil, ulcer; plaguef; 

murrainj 
chwart -iau, n, quart 
chwarter -i -au, n, quarter 
chwarterol, a, quarterly 
chwarterolyn, olion, «, quarterly 
chwarteru, v, to quarter 
tchwarthol, nf, stirrup 
tchwarthor -au, n, quarter 
tchwary. v. -au, j! = chwarae 
chwaryddiaeth -au, nf, play, sport 
tchwaw -iau, nf, blast, puff, breeze 
chwe, a, six (before a noun) 
chweban, chwebannog, a, consisting of 

six lines or of six feet, chweban- 

ogion, hexameters 
chwech -au, n, six, 6, vi: a, six 
chweched, a, sixth 
chwecheiniog -au, n, sixpence, 6d. 
chwedi, ad & pr, after, afterwards, 

since (mut. of gwedi) 
chwedl -au, nf & «f, saying, sentence; 

fable; story, tale; report, tidings. 



chwedlonydd -ion, chwedlonwr, wyr, 

n, mythologist 
chwedlwr, wyr, «, talker; fabler, fabu- 
list 
tchwedlyddiaeth, nf, news, tidings, 

story, rumour, report 
chwedyn, rti/=wedyn. Na chynt na 

chueavn, neither before nor after 
tchweddl -au, «/=^ chwedl 
tchwefrin, a, sharp, severe, raging 
Chwefror, Chwefrol, n, February 
tchwefru, v, to act violently, to rage 
tchweg, a, sweet, pleasant 
chwegnwyddau, np, groceries 
chwegnwyddwr, wyr, n, grocer 
chwegr, ;;/, mother-in-law 
chwegrwn, «, father-in-law 
chweina, v, to hunt or catch fleas 
chweinial, v, to hop as fleas 
chweiniog, chweinllyd, a, full of fleas, 

breeding fleas, verminous 
chweinllys, en, fleabane 
chweithach, ad. See chwaethacb 
fchwêl, chwelion, nf, course; turn 
tchweledydd, tchwelidydd -ion, n, dis 

perser, disseminator 
tchweliedydd -ion, ti, rotator 
tchwen, nf, whim, caprice 
128 



CHWE 



chwennych, chwenychu, v, to covet, to chwibianu, t;=chwibanu 

desire chwibianwr, wyr, w=chwibanwr 

chwenychus, fchwenychol, a, covetous, tchwibi, a, tart, sour, acid, sliarp 

envious tchwibleian -od, nf, nymph; sibyl 

chwepyn, n, smart pat; instant fchwiblen, nj, sour or flat drink 

chwephlyg, a, sextuple, sixfold tchwiblo, v, to grow sour or tart 

chwerfan, chwarfan -au, nj, whirl for tchwiblsur, a, sharp and sour 

a spindle; whorl; pulley fchwibol, nf, tube, pipe 

fchwerfu, v, to whirl tchwibolog, a, tubular 

fchwerig, a, leisurely; slow tchwibon -iaid, n, curlew; stork 

tchwermwd, M=wermod chwibwrn, a, giddy, dizzy 

chwern, a, fem. of chwyrn ichwid, a. quick, swift 

chwerryn, n, gland; kernel fchwid, n, twitter, chirp 

chwerthin, v, to laugh, to smile: n, fehwidial, v, to twitter, to chirp 

laughter; smile fchwidog -ion, n, juggler; conjuror 

tchwerthinad, a, laughing fchwidogaeth, nf, juggling, legerde- 
chwerthingar, a, apt to laugh, merry, main 

laughing fchwidogi, v, to juggle, to conjure 

chwerthiniad -au, n, laugh chwidr, a, flighty, crazy; giddy 

chwerthinial, v, to laugh, to titter, to chwidredd, n, flightiness, giddiness 

giggle, to snigger chwidro, v, to move giddily, to spin 

chwerthinllyd, a, laughable, ridiculous; chwidrog, a, giddy 

derisivet chwidryn -nod, n, flighty person 

chwerthinog, a, risible, laughing, merry fchwifiad, iaid, n, vagabond, wanderer 

tcliwerthinus, a, laughing, risible chwifio, v, to wave, to flourish, to 
chwerthwr, wyr, n, laugher brandish; to fly; to wanderf 

chwerw -on, a, bitter; sharp; severe, fehwifiwr, wyr, n, vagabond, wanderer 

chwerwon, bitters chwift -iau, nf, whiff, puff 

chwerwder -au, w, bitterness, sharpness chwifHad, n, whiff, jiffy 

chwerwdod, w= chwerwder ehwifflo, v, to whiff; to smoke 

chwerwdost, a, sharp and bitter (Matt, tchwig, fchwigws, «, whig (acidulated 

xxvi. 75) whey) 

chwerwddyfrllys -iau, n, cucumber chwil -od, nf, beetle, chafer 

chwerwedd, n, bitterness, sharpness chwil, a, whirling, reeling 

tchwerwfustledd, ;;, bitterness, enmity, chwilbawa, v, to dawdle, to trifle, to 

gall piddle 

chwerwi, v, to grow bitter, to embitter tchwilbob, a, smoking hot 

chwerwlys, chwerlys, n, wormwood chwilboeth, a, scorching, piping hot 

chwerwyn, n, bitter one; tartar; churl fchwilcath, n, a prying fellow 

chwesill, a, of six syllables chwildarw, deirw, n, the dragon-fly 

chwethro, a, sextuple, sixfold chwildro -ion, n, rapid spin 

tchweu, V, to grow sharp or tart chwildroad -au, n, reeling; revolution 

ehweugain, fchweugaint, a, six score: chwildroi, t^, to whirl, to spin 

n, 120 pence, los., half a sovereign chwilen -nod, chwilod, nf, beetle, 
chwi, pn, you, ye chafer 

ehwiban, v, to whistle; to hiss: nf, chwilenna, v, to rummage, to pry; to 

whistle search, to hiont; to pick, to pilfer 

chwibaniad, w, whistling, whistle; hissing chwilennwr, enwyr, n, rummager, pil- 
chwibanllyd, a, apt to whistle; hissing ferer 

chwibanogl -au, nf, whistle; flageolet; fchwiler, tchwileryn, erod, n, chrysalis; 

flute. — y mynydd, curlew maggot, grub 

chwibanu, v, to whistle; to hiss chwilfa, feydd, nf, search, scrutiny 

chwibanwr, wyr, n, whistler, piper chwilfriw, a, smashed to atoms, broken, 
chwibanydd -ion, n, whistler; bullfinch shattered 

9 129 



CHWI 



CHWY 



chwilfriwiad, n, breaking to pieces, 

smashing, shattering 
chwilfriwio, V, to shatter, to break to 

pieces, to smash 
chwilfrydedd, n, curiosity 
chwilfrydig, a, curious, inquisitive 
chwilgar, a, curious, inquisitive 
chwilgarwch, », curiosity, mquisitive- 

ness 
chwilgi, gwn, «, prying dog; busy-body 
chwilgorn, a, reeling 
chwilied, V, to search, to examine 
chwiliedydd -ion, n, searcher 
chwilio, V, to search, to seek, to look 
for, to hunt; to investigate, to 
scrutinize, to examine 
chwiliwr, wyr, w, searcher, investigator 
chwil-lys -oeddj n, the inquisition 
ehwil-lyswr, wyr, n, inquisitor 
chwilmanta, v, to pry about 
chwilmantog, a, prying, inquisitive 
chwilog -od, ", guillemot 
chwilota, V, to rummage, to pry 
chwilotwr, wyr, n, rummager 
tchwiltath, î', to pry about 
chwim a, nimble, brisk, quick, active, 

agile 
chwim, n, motion, movement, impulse; 

whim, caprice 
chwimder, chwimdra, n, nimbleness 
chwimgi, gwn, n, sly dog, rogue 
chwimio, V, to move, to stir, to budge 
tchwimleian, tchwimpleian, M/=chwib- 

leian 
chwimp -iau, n, hap, lot; whim, caprice 
tchwimpyn, n, blow, buffet; whim, 

freak. Mewn chwimpyn, in a trice 
chwimsi, n, machine worked by horse 
harnessed to pole, and moving in 
circle {' whimsy') 
chwimwth, a, nimble, brisk, quick 
chwinciad, n, twinkling, trice 
tchwinsa, tchwinsaf, fchwinsang, m, 

the e\ening (lit. 'evensong') 
chwiog, chwiogen, pi. chwiogod, nf, 

cake, muffin, puff 
chwiorydd, pi. of chwaer 
chwip -iau, nf, whip; whipping: a, 
quick, swift: ad, instantly, imme- 
diately 
chwipio, V, to whip 
chwipyn, a & ad. Yn chunpyn, in a 

trice, quickly, instantly, forthwith 
tchwired -ion, nf, wickedness, deceit 



tchwiredu, v, to cheat, to deceive, to 

hoax 
tchwiredus, n, sly, deceitful 
chwirligwgan, chwirligwgon, nf, whirli- 
gig; cockchafer 
chwisgi, n, whisky 
chwisl -au, M, whistle 
chwislo, V. to whistle; to squirt 
chwistl, chwistlen, nf, the shrew 
chwistrell -au, nf, syringe, squirt 
chwistrellu,' v, to syringe, to squirt, to 

mject 
chwistro, V, to squirt 
chwit - chwat, a, fickle, inconstant, 

changeable 
chwitlyn, n, mite (chwythryn) 
tchwitwasad, n, whitewashing 
chwitwasio, V, to whitewash 
chwith, a, left, sinister; wrong; sad; 
strange. Y tu chwith, the wrong or 
reverse side 
chwithau, pn.-c. It may be rendered 
approximately ' ye (you) also,' ' ye 
on your part,' or ' ye (you) ' simply 
chwithdod, n, strangeness; loss 
chwithdra, n, strangeness; 'astonish- 
ment ' (Jer. xxix. i8) 
chwithig, a, left-handed, sinister; 
strange, wrong (= o chwith) ; awk- 
ward, untoward; askance 
chwithtgrwydd, n, awkwardness, clumsi- 
ness 
chwitho, V, to feel dismayed or offended 
chwithrwd, v, to rustle, to hiss 
chwiw -iau, nf, whirl; attack or fit of 
disease. Chwarae chwiw, to play at 
hide and seek 
chwiwbigo, V, to pilfer 
chwiwdwll, dyllau, n, lurkin<,-hoìe 
chwiwell -au, nf, widgeon; female salmon 
chwiwgi, gwn, n, skulking dog, sneak; 

pilferer, thief ; rogue 
chwiwiaids np, female salmons 
chwiwian, chwiwio, v, to hunt; to fly 

about ; to pry, to pilfer 
chwiwladrad, n, pilfering, petty theft 
chwiwladrata, v, to pilfer 
chwiwleidr, ladron, n, pilferer 
chwiws, np, widgeons 
ehwychwi, pn, you yourselves 
chwychwithau, pn, emphat. of chwithau 
chwyd, n, vomit. Chwydawyr, star-shoot 
tchwydalen, dalau, ni, blister 
tchwydalu, v, to blister 

130 



CHWY DAD 

tchwydawiaeth, n/, buffoonery; juggling chwyrnog, a, snoring, stertorous; whirl- 
tchwydawydd -ion, M, buffoon ; juggler ing; snarling 

chwydfa -oedd, feydd, nf, vomit chwyrnogl -au, «/, rattle 

chwydiad, n, vomiting, vomit . chwyrnogli, v, to rattle; to whiz 

tchwydredd, «, corruption. Chwydredd chwyrnu, v, to hum; to whiz; to snort, 

sêr=chwyd awyr to snarl; to snore 

chwydu, V, to vomit, to spue, to belch chwyrnwr, wyr, n, snorer ; snarler 

chŵydd, n, swelling ehwŷs, n, sweat, perspiration 

chwyddedig, a, swollen, turgid, tumid chwysbair, a & n, sudorific, diaphoretic 

chwyddi, n, swelling chwysdyllau, ap, pores (tyllau chivys) 

chwyddiaith, m/, bombast, fustian chwysfa, feydd, /^/, sweating ; sudatory 

chwyddo, v, to swell, to increase, to tchwysig, a, sweaty 

magnify chwyslgen -nau, chwysigod, nj, blister, 
chwyddog, a, swollen; swelling veside, bladder 

ehwyddwydr -au, n, microscope, magni- chwysigennog, a, blistered 

fying glass chwysigennu, v, to blister 

tchwyf -ion, n, motion, stir. Maen chwysigl, chwysiglen -nau, nf, blister 

chwyf, rocking-stone, logan-stone ciiwyslyd, a, sweaty, sweating 

fchwyfiad, n, motion, agitation chwysoglen, nî, the sharp dock 

chwyfio, V, to move, to stir; to wave, to chwysol, a, sweating 

flourish, to brandish; to fly (chwifio) chwysu, ;;, to sweat, to perspire; to 
tchwyf u, i'=ehwyflo exude; to evaporate 

tchwyl -ion, n & nf, turn, revolution, chwyswr, wyr, n, sweater 

rotation, course; while; event chwyth, chwythad, ;í, blast ; breath 

chwylbwynt -iau, n, turning-point chwythbib -au, nj, blowpipe 

chwyldaith, deithiau, nf, circuit, orbit chwythgorn, gyrn, n, cornet 

ehwyldro -ion, n, turn, revolution, ro- chwythiedydd -ion, n, blower ' 

tation; orbit; vortex ehwythryn, n, puff of breath; atom, 
chwyldroad -au, n, revolution particle, bit 

chwyldroadol, a, revolutionary chwythu, v, to blow, to blast ; to 
chwyldroadwr, wyr, n, revolutionist, breathe; to hiss 

revolutionary chwythwr, wyr, n, blower 
chwyldroi, v, to revolve, to rotate, to 

whirl D 

chwylfa -on, feydd, »/, orbit; revolution da, a, good, wholesome, well: ad, well, 
tchwylgylch -au -oedd, n, orbit Os gwelwch yn dda, if you please 

tchwŷn, M, motion. Chwŷn a chwŷn, da, î, implying entreaty or endearment, 

step by step as in ' Da 'machgen i ! ' — ' Well done ! * 

chwyn, en, weeds : n, a weed ' Da chwi ! ' — I pray you 

chwynnog, a, full of weeds, weedy da -oedd, n, good. Da gennyf, I am glad 

chwynnogl, chwynoglau, nf, weeding- da -oedd, en, possessions; goods; chat- 
hook, hoe tels; stock; cattle. Da pluog, fowls, 
chwynnu, v, to weed poultry 

chwynnwr, ynwyr, n, weeder tdabre, v. imp, come, come hither ! 

chwynogli, v, to hoe dacw, ad, there is, there are ; behold 
ehwyrligwgan, n, whirligig yonder, see there 

chwyrlîo, v, to whirl, to spin, to speed, da-da, n, sweets (childish) 

to hurtle tdadanhuddo, v, to uncover ; to claim 
chwyrn, a, rapid, swift, violent; active; possession (legal) 

aspirate: /. chwern tdadannudd, n, disclosure, uncovering; 
chwyrndra, n, swiftness, rapidity claim to possession (legal) 

chwyrnell -au, nf, whirligig dadansoddi, v, to analyse 

chwyrnellu, ü, to whirl, to spin; to whiz dadansoddiad -au, n, analysis 

chwyrnfor -oedd, n, strong eddy dadansoddol, a, analytic(al) 

131 



DAD 

dadansoddwr, wyr, n, analyst 

dadbacio, v, to unpack 

dadblygu, v, to unfold 

tdadchweliad, ii, reduction 

tdadchwelyd, i', to reduce 

dad-ddaearu, v, to unearth, to exhume 

dad-ddysgu, v, to unlearn 

dad-ddyv/edyd, v, to unsay 

dadebru, v, to resuscitate, to revive 

dadeni, v, to regenerate; to reanimate: 
n, rebirth, renascence, renaissance; re- 
animation 

tdadennill, v, to regain, to recover 

fdadennyn, v, to rekindle 

dadfachu, v, to unhook, to unhitch ; to 
unvoke, to unharness 

fdadfarnu, v, to condemn, to repro- 
bate 

dadfeddiannu, v, to dispossess 

dadfeiliad, n, decay, decline 

dadfeilio, v, to fall to ruin, to decay, to 
decline 

tdadfer, v, to restore^-= adf er, adferu 

dadfiino, v, to rid of fatigue, to refresh, 
to rest oneself 

dadfori, dadforio, v, to import 

dadforion, np. imports 

dadfyddino, v, to disband (an army) 

dadgan, i'=datgan 

dadganiad, « = datganiad 

dadglymu, v, to untie 

dadguddiad, «=dat§uddiad 

dadgyffesiad, n, recantation 

dadgyflesu, datgytfesu, v. to recant, to 
retract 

dadgymalu, v, to disjoint, to dislocate 

fdadiain, n, renovation : a, renewed 

dadieuo, v, to unyoke 

dadl -au, leuon, n!, argument, debate, 
controversy, discussion, question ; 
doubt; dispute; case, cause, plea; 
mattert ; orderf, formf 

dadlaith, v, to thaw; to dissolve 

dadlamu, v, to rebound, to recoil 

dadleniad -au, n, disclosure, exposure 

dadlennu, v, to unveil, to reveal, to dis- 
close, to expose 

dadleu, v, to argue, to dispute; to de- 
bate; to plead: -on -au, «, argument, 
dispute, debate; lawsuitf 

tdadleu -oedd, «, meeting, conference, 
assembly 

dadleuad, n, arguing, argument; ad- 
vocacy 



DAD 

dadleudy, dai, h, forum; judgment hall, 

pretorium (Matt, xxvii. 27, &c.) 
dadleufa, feydd, n/, bar, forum 
dadleuoi, a, controversial, polemical 
fladleuwr, wyr, n, debater, disputant, 

controversialist ; advocate 
dadleuydd -ion, n, debater; advocate. 

y Dadleuydd Cyffredinol, the Attor- 
ney-General 
dadlewygu, v, to recover from a swoon 
fdadlidio, v, to cease from anger 
dadlu, j;= dadleu 
dadluddedu, v, to throw ofi fatigue; to 

rest, to refresli 
tdadlwriaeth, «/, disputation, dispute, 

debate, controversy 
dadlwytho, v, to unload, to unburden, 

to discharge 
dadlwythwr, wyr, n, unloader 
dadlyddiaeth, nf, advocacy; debate 
tdadlymino, v, to resuscitate 
dadmer, v, to thaw; to dissolve 
tdadolwch. n, appeasement, expiation, 

propitiation, reconciliation 
tdadolwch, fdadoiychu, v, to worship 
dadorchuddiad, w, unveiling 
dadorchuddio, v, to unveil, to uncover 
tdadrin, v, to disclose, to divulge 
dadrithiad, n, disenchantment 
dadrithio, v, to restore to former shape; 

to disenchant, to disillusion 
tdadroddi, v, to restore (Deut. xxiv. 13) 
dadrys, v, to disentangle, to extricate, 

to disengage, to undo, to unravel, to 

solve 
dadrysiad, n, disentanglement, extrica- 
tion, solution 
dadsain, nf, reverberation; ring: v= 

dadseinio 
dadsefydliad, m, disestablishment 
dadsefydlu, v, to disestablish, to unsettle 
dadseilio, v, to sap, to undermine 
dadseinio, v, to re-echo, to resound, to 

reverberate; to ring; to make to ring 
dadseiniol, a, resounding, reverberant 
dadsylfaenu, v, to undermine, to sap 
dadwaddoli, v, to disendow 
dadwaddoliad, n, disendowment 
fdadwedd, v, to decay 
dadweinio, v, to unsheathe 
fdadweirllyd, a, relaxed 
dadwino, v, to fade, to fail, to pine, to 

languish, to consume, to waste, to 

decay (Ps. xxxi. 9) 

132 



DAD 

dadwisgo, V, to undress, to unrobe, to 

strip 
dadwneud, i'=dadwneuthur 
dadwneuthur, v, to undo, to unmake 
dadwrdd, n, noise, row, stir, bustle, hub- 
bub, uproar, clamour: v, to make a 

noise, to prate, to clamour 
dadwreiddio, v, to uproot, to eradicate 
tdadwyrain, v, to ascend, to rise: n, 

resurrection, resuscitation, renovation 
dadymchwel, dadymehwelyd, v, to over- 
turn, to overthrew, to subvert 
fdadysgrif -au. «/, tdadysgrifiad -au, n, 

cc py, tran=ciipt 
tdadysgrilennu. v, to transcribe 
daear -cedA, daeërydd, ni, eai tb, ground, 

FciJ: lend 
t>1?earawd. ;;, buri?.!, interment 
daearbellafiant, n, apogee 
tdaearblant, np, children of earth, earth- 

Im^s, mortals 
daeardor -rau, n&.nf, fissure; landslip, 

landslide 
daeardy, dai, n, dungeon; vaultf 
daearddyfrog, a, terraqueous 
daeareg, ;i/, geology 
daearegol, a, geological 
daearegwr, wyr, daearegydd -ion, n, 

geologist 
daearen, «/, the earth (Job xxviii. 5) 
daearfochyn, pi. daearfoch, n, badger 
daearfyd, n, terr 'strial world 
daeargell -oedd, nf, underground cell, 

dungeon, vault 
daeargl, gwn, n, terrier 
daeargoel, nf, geomancy 
tdaeargryd -iau, n, earthquake 
daeargryn, fâu, feydd, n 3c nf, earthquake 
daearlen -ni, >if, map 
daearllys -iau, n, peony 
daearnesaflant, n, perigee 
daearol, a, terrestrial, earthly, earthy; 

mundane 
daearu, v, to earth; to inter, to inhume 
daearydd -ion, n, geographer 
daearyddiaeth, nf, geography 
daearyddol, a, geographical 
daearyddwr, wyr, n, geographer 
tdäed, a, equative of da, good 
Daeniaid, tDaenysiaid, np, Danes 
tdaeoni, u=daioni 

daer -ydd, n/= daear (archaic and poetic) 
tdaerawd, n, burial: a, buried 
tdaerawl, «= daearol 



DAI 

tdaered -au, nf, mortuary fee ; revenue , 
income 

tdaeren, nf= daearen 

daeth, v, came 

tdaf -oedd, n, good, goods 

tDaf, tDafon, tDafwy, n, God 

dafad, defaid, nf, sheep, ewe; wart 

dafaden, -nau, nf, wart. Dafad(en) 
u-yllt, cancer 

dafadennog, a, full of warts ; scirrhcus. 
Llyfjant du dafadennog, toad 

tdafates -au, nf, flock of sheep 

fdafaty, tai, w, sheep-fold 

dafn -au, defni, n, drop 

tdafnedigaeth, M/=damnedigaeth 

dafnu, V, to drop, to trickle 

fdaffar, v, to prepare, to provide : n, 
provision 

fdafflthlen, nf, adder 

dagr, dager, -au, n, dagger 

dagrau, np, tears : s, deigryn 

fdagreuoedd, «/?= dagrau (double pi.) 

dagreuol, a, lachrymal, tearful 

dangos, v, to show, to exhibit, to dis- 
play, to disclose, to make known; to 
appearf 

tdangosedigaeth -au, nf, revelation, 
manifestation 

dangoseg -ion, nf, index 

tdangosfa -oedd, feydd, nf, show, ex- 
hibition 

dangosiad -au, n, indication, showing, 
representation, portrayal; receipt, 
voucher 

dangosiadol, a, demonstrative 

dangosol, a, indicative 

dangoswr, wyr, n, shower, exhibitor, 
demonstrator 

dangosydd -ion, n, exhibitor, indicator 

daiar, n/= daear 

dail, np (dalen, deilen, nf), leaves; fol- 
iage; herbs. Dail y cwrw, laurel. — 
tafol, dock (leaves). — y fendigaid, 
tutsan, St.-John's-wort 

tdaill, deilliau, n, product 

tdaimawnt, n, diamond 

fdain, (7, fine; delicate; pure 

daint, dannedd, n, tooth 

tdaiuteith -ion, n, dainty (Ecclus. 
xxxvii. 29) 

tdalnteithiol, tdainteiddiol a, dainty, 
delicate, delicious 

tdaionedd, n, goodness, beneficence 

daioni, n, goodness; good 

133 



JxA^CAA,aj)JL\ 



tfe*k. 



DAI 



DAN 



daionus, a, good; lieneficia); bene- 
ficent 

dal, dala, tdaly, v, to hold, to maintain; 
to bear; to catch; to detain; to ar- 
rest; to last; to keep, to continue; 
to lay (a bet or wager). Dal ati, to 
stick at it, to persevere. Dal pen 
rheswm, to keep up a conversation. 
Dal sylw, to take notice, to pay 
attention 

tdal, tdala, n, sting, bite 

dalbren -nau, n, holdfast, catch 

dalen -nau, dail, «/, leaf; lobe 

dalfa, feydd, nf, hold; capture; arrest; 
custody; lock-up 

daliad -au, n, holding; catch; tenure; 
tenet; holder; turn of work, spell 

daliedydd -ion, n, holder 

daliwr, wyr, n, holder, catcher 

dalus, a, lasting, durable 

tdaly, V. i^ee dal 

dalyn -nau, n, holder, supporter; brace 

dall, pi. deillion, tdeilliaid, a, blind 

dallbleidiaeth, nf, bigotry 

dallbleidiol, a, bigoted 

dallbleidiwr, wyr, n, bigot 

dalles -au, nf, blind woman 

dallgeibio, v, to speak beside the mark, 
to blunder 

dallineb', n, bhndness 

dallt, V & « = deall (N.W.) 

dallu, V, to blind; to grow blind; to 
dazzle 

damasg, n & a, damask 

fdamblygedig, a, manifold, multiplied 

fdamblygu, v, to fold about, to involve, 
to enfold, to clasp 

damcaneb -ion, «/, theorem 

damcaniaeth -au, «/, theory 

damcaniaethol, damcanol, a, theoretical 

damcaniaethwr, wyr, n, theorist 

damcanu, .,', to theorize, to speculate 

tdamchwa -oedd, chweydd, nf, blast; 
blaze; steam; stench 

tdamchwain, chweiniau, nf, accident 

tdamchweinio, v, to happen, to chance 

tdamdwng, n, appraisement, sworn 
\'alue 

tdamdwng, tdamdyngu, v, to swear to 
a thine ; to appraise 

tdamddyblygu, v, to multiply 

dameg, hegion, nf, parable; fable 

tdamgyfyngrwydd, n, straitness, dis- 
tress, difficulty 



tdamgylchedigaeth, nf, surrounding, 
ambit, circuit 

tdamgylchu, jdamgylchynu, v, to sur- 
round, to encompass 

damhegol, a, parabolic'al), allegorical 

damhegu, v, to use parables; to allegorize 

damhegwr, wyr, damhegydd, egyddion, 
n, parabolist, allegorist 

tdamlewychu, v, to shine, to illumine; 
to reveal; to appear 

damnedig, a, damned, damnable: -ion, 
n, damned 

damnedigaeth -au, nf, damnation, con- 
demnation 

damnio, v, to damn, to condemn 

damniol, a, damning, damnatory ; dam- 
nal)le 

tdamnoddi, v, to protect 

tdamorth, n, aid 

fdamred, v, to run about 

tdamrithio, v, to seem 

damsang, v, to tread, to trample 

tdamsathr, n, accustomed place 

tdamuned, «=dymuned 

tdamuno, v, to desire=dymuno 

damwain, weiniau, nf & nf, accident, 
chance, hap, fate: î)=damweinio 

damweinio, v, to befall, to happen 

damweiniol, a, accidental, casual 

tdamwyn(io), !;= damweinio 

dan (mutation of tan), pr, under, be- 
neatli, underneath, below 

tdân, n, deer. Gafr diU'in, hind, doe 

danad, danadl, np (haden, hadlen, nf), 
nettles 

danadl-darddiant, n, nettle-rash 

danas, danys, en, deer; venison. Bwch 
danas, a buck. Gafr ddanas, a doe, 
a hind 

danfon, v, to send, to dispatch, to 
transmit; to convey; to escort 

danfonadwy, a, transmissible 

danfoniad, n, sending, dispatch, trans- 
mission 

danheddog, a, toothed, serrated; jagged 

danheddol, a, dental 

danheddu, v, to tooth, to indent 

danhogen, nf, the betony 

dannod, v, to reproach, to upbraid; to 
taunt, to twit; 

dannoedd, nf, toothache 

danodiaeth, nf, reproach; upbraiding 

dansial, v, to trample 

dansoddi, v, to abstract; to dissolvef 
134 



DAN PAR 

dansoddiad, n, dansoddiaeth, n/, ab- fdargwsg, n, slumber, sleep : v, to 

straction slumber, to sleep 

dansoddol, a, abstract tdargymysgu, v, to mix, to compound 

dant, daint, dannedd, «, tooth; tine; cog. fdargysgu, v, to slumber, to sleep, to 
Dannedd blaen, fore-teeth. Dannedd doze, to nod, to fall asleep 
gosod, — dodi, false teeth. Dannedd darlith -iau -oedd, nf, lecture 
llygaid, eye-teeth. Dannedd malu, darlithio, v, to lecture 
cil-ddannedd, gruiders, molars. Dant darlithiwr, wyr, darlithydd -ion, n, lec- 
y Hew, dandelion. Gwaetha' n ei ddan- turer 

nedd, in spite of him darlun -iau, n, portrait, picture, illustra- 

danteithfwyd, «, dainty food, dainty tion 

danteithiol, tdanteiddiol, a, dainty, de- darlundy, dai, w, picture-house, cinema 

licious darlunfa, feydd, nf, picture gallery 

danteithion, np, dainties, delicacies darluniad -au, n, portrayal, description 

dant(i)o, v, to be daunted or dis- darluniadol, a, pictorial, illustrated; 

couraged; to daunt, to discourage descriptive 

tdanys, c« = danas darluniedydd -ion, n, delineator, artist 

tdâr, p'. deri, derw, nf, oak darlunio, v, to portray, to depict, to 

tdaramred, v & >t=darynired delineate, to draw, to describe, to 

tdarball, n, blight represent 

darbod, v, to prepare, to provide: -au darlunlen -ni, nf, map, cliart 
-ion, n, preparation, provision darlunydd -ion, n, delineator 

darbodaeth, nf, providence, provision; darlwnc, n, drink, draught, gulp 

thrift darlyncu, v, to gulp 

darbodiad, n, preparing, preparation tdarlynu, v, to stick, to adhere 

darbodol, a, provisional, provident fdarllain, ?;=darnen 

darbodus, a, provident, thrifty, prudent, darllaw, v, to brew; to manufacturef 

heedful darllawdy, dai, n, brewery 

darbwyll, n, reason, persuasion: i;= darllawr, wyr, darllawydd -ion, n, 

darbwyllo brewer 

darbwyllo, v, to persuade, to convince fdarlle-, v. Inf. darllain 
fdard -au, n, dart tdarlleaw, v, to read 

tdarestwng, i;=darostwng tdarlleawdr, odron, ;;, reader 

darfelydd -ion, n, imagination, fancy darllen, v, to read 
tdarfelyddu, v, to imagine, to fancy darllenadwy, a, readable, legible 

darfod, v, to finish, to end, to cease, to darllenfa, feydd, nf, reading-place; 
have done; to waste away, to be con- reading-room, library; prayer-desk; 
sumed, to perish; to happen. — am- lectern 

dano, to perish. A ddayfii i chwi ei darllengar, a, fond ol reading; studious 
weled? did you see him ? darlleniad -au, n, reading, lection 

darfodadwy, a, evanescent, perishable, darlleniadur -on, n, lectionary 

transient, transitory darllenwr, wyr, darllenydd -ion, n, 

darfodedig, a, wasted, exhausted, de- reader. [Darllenydd and darllenwyr 

cayed; transient, transitory are the commoner forms) 

darfodedigaeth -au, n, wasting; con- fdarlleydd -ion, m= darllenydd 

sumption, phthisis, tuberculosis tdarllidio, v, to inflame; to enrage 

darfodiad, n, finishing; consumption fdarmain, n, to shout : h, shout 

(Isa. X. 22) fdarmerth, n, preparation, provision : v, 

darfyddiad, n, finishing, ending to prepare, to provide 

darganfod, v, to discover fdarmes, nf, trouble, misfortune, calam 

darganfyddiad -au, «, discovery ity; affliction; loss 

darganfyddwr, wyr, w, discoverer darn -au, n, piece, fragment, part, 

tdargoll, n, loss, destruction patch; half 

fdarguddio, v, to hide, to conceal darn-foddi, v, to halt-drown 

I3S 



DAR 

darnguddio, v, to conceal or withhold a 
part ; to purloin (Tit. ii. lo) 

darnio, v, to cut up, to hack, to break 
in pieces 

darn-ladd, v, to half-kill 

tdarnod -au, ", distinction 

darnodi, v, to denote; to distinguish, 
to define 

darnodiad -au, n, definition 

tdaroedd, f=darfu 

fdarofun, v, to intend, to purpose 

darogan -au, «/, prediction, prognos- 
tication, foreboding 

darogan, daroganu, v, to predict, to fore- 
tell, to prognosticate, to forebode 

daroganwr, wyr, n, predictor, augur, 
prophet 

tdarogenydd, n, prophet 

darostwng, v, to lower, to abase, to 
debase, to humiliate, to degrade; to 
subdue; to subject; to submitf 

darostyngedig, a, subjected, subject 

tdarostyngedigaeth, nf, submission, sub- 
jection 

darostyngiad, n, humiliation; subjection 

darostyngol, a, lowering, debasing, hu- 
miliating, degrading 

darpar, î;=darparu 

darpar, a, intended, designate. — es- 
gob, bishop elect. — ŵr, intended 
husband, fiance. — wraig, intended 
wife, fiancee 

darpar -ion, darpariadau, n, preparation, 
pro^■ision ; designf, projectf 

darpariaeth -au, nf, preparation, pro- 
vision 

darparu, v, to prepare, to provide ; to 
intend, to design 

darparwr, wyr, n, preparer, provider 

darparwyl -iau, n, feast of preparation 
(Luke xxiii. 54) 

darparydd -ion, n= darparwr 

tdarstain, v, to resound, to ring, to 
echo: n, resonance, reverberation, 
echo : 

dart, dardau, ii, dart 

fdarwain, v, to lead; to carry, to convey 

tdarware, v, to play, to sport, to disport 

darwden, darwyden -ni, nf, ringworm 

tdarwedd, nf, form 

fdarwedd, v, to lead, to persuade, to 
induce: nf, persuasion 

tdarwel, fdarweliad, n, perception 

tdarweled, v, to perceive 



DAT 

tdarwerthu, v, to sell 

tdarymred, v, to go to and fro; to move 
about ; to flock ; to frequent 

tdarymred -ion, »;, motion; diarrhoea, 
looseness. Darymred gwaed, dysentery 

tdarymsawdd, soddion, n, adjunct 

tdarystwng, 11= darostwng 

das -au, deisi, n & nf, stack, rick, mow; 
heap: in N.W. tas, /. 

tdasmal, v, to touch, to feel: n, touch 

dasu, V, to stack, to rick 

tdaswl, ylau, n, pile; stack 

tdaswrn, yrnau, n, cone; pile 

tdasylu, fdasyrnu, v, to heap, to pile, 
to stack, to rick 

datblygiad -au, n, development, evolu- 
tion 

datblygu, v, to develop, to evolve 

datbrofi, v, to disprove, to refute 

datgaeru, v, to dismantle, to reduce a 
fortification 

datgan, v, to declare; to recount; to 
recite, to rehearse; to render 

tdatganedigaeth -au, n & n/=datganiad 

datganiad -au, «, declaration; rendering 

datganiadol, a, declaratory; pertaining 
to singing 

datganu, v, to declare; to sing, to 
render 

datganwr, wyr, n, declarer 

datgeiniad, iaid, n, singer 

datgenydd, );, singer 

datgladdu, v, to disinter, to exhume 

datgloi, V, to unlock 

datgorflori, v, to dissolve (parliament) 

datgorfforiad, n, dissolution 

datgroeni, v, to remove the skin or bark; 
to skin; to excoriate, to decorticate 

datgudd, n, revelation, disclosure, ex- 
posure 

datguddiad -au, n, revelation, disclosure 

datguddiedig, a, revealed 

datguddio, 71, to reveal, to disclose, to 
discover 

datguddiwr, datguddydd, wyr, n, rcvealer 

datgyffesiad, n, recantation 

datgyfîesu, v, to recant 

datgysylltiad, dadgysylltiad, n, discon- 
nection, disjunction; dissolution; dis- 
establishment 

datgysylltu, dadgysylltu, v, to disjoin, 
to disconnect; to dissolve; to dises- 
tablish 

datgysylltwr, wyr, n, disestablisher 
136 



DAT 

datod, V, to loose, to unloose, to undo, 
to untie, to solve, to dissolve; to 
destroy (i John iii. 8) 

datoi, V, to unroof 

datreiglo, v, to roll back 

datro -ion, n, reversion, twist 

datroi, v, to turn back, away, or aside; 
to reverse ; to twist ; to untwist 

dathliad -au, n, celebration 

dathlu, V, to celebrate 

tdathoedd, v, he had come 

tdathoeddwn, v, I had come 

tdathoeddynt, v, they had come 

dau, a & n, two: /. dwy. Ein dau, both 
of us. Eich dau, both of you. /// dau, 
Eill dau, both of them 

dau-, px. in composition, double, two- 
bi-. For other words so compounded 
see under deu- 

daudatodiog, a, double-tongued, two- 
tongued (Ecclus. vi. i) 

daudroedlog, a, bipedal, biped 

dauddyblyg, a, two-fold; duplicate; 
double 

daueiriog, a, equivocal, double-tongued 

dauenwol, a, binomial 

daufiniog, a, double-edged, two-edged 

daulygeidiog, a, binocular 

dauochrog, a, two-sided, bilateral 

dauwynebog, a, two-faced; deceitful; 
hypocritical: n/, heartsease, pansy 

daw, V, s. 3 pres. and fut. of dyfod 

daw -on, dofion, n, son-in-law 

fdawad, fdywad, v, to come= dyfod 

dawn, doniau, n &7if, gift; virtue; grace; 
mental endowment; talent; wit, hu- 
mour; fervour, eloquence; favourf 

tdawnbwyd, n, food-rent (legal) 

dawns -iau, « & nf, dance 

dawnsfa, leydd, nf, dance, ball 

dawnsio, v, to dance 

dawnsiwr, wyr, n, dancer 

dawnswraig, nf, female dancer 

dawnus, a, gifted, talented ; virtuousf 

tdawr, r, it behoves, interests. A'l'm 
dawr, I do not care ; it does not 
interest (concern) me=tawr 

de, a, right; south 

de, n, right side; the south=dehau 

deaden, >;/=diadeU 

deall, V, to understand, to perceive; to 
make to understand!, to interpretf: 
n, understanding, intelligence, intel- 
lect 



DEPP 

dealladwy,ŵ, intelligible, comprehensible 

deallgar, a, intelligent, wise 

deallgarwch, n, intelligence 

deallol, a, intellectual 

tdeallt, r= deall 

dealltwriaeth -au, nf, understanding, 
comprehension, intelligence 

tdealltwrus, a, intelligent 

deallus, a, intelligent, understanding 

deau, a & H=dehau 

fdebed, v, to go, to depart 

tdebre, i;=dabre 

deeban, n, having ten divisions 

decplyg, a, tenfold 

deesill. a, of ten syllables 

dectant, tannau, n, ten-stringed instru- 
ment 

dectro, a, of ten turns 

dechreu, dechre, v, to begin, to commence, 
to originate: n, beginning, origin 

dechreuad -au, n, beginning, commence- 
ment, origination; origin 

deehreunos, nf, nightfall, dusk 

dechreuol, a, original, initial, primitive 

dechreu wr, wyr, n, beginner, starter 

tdechryn, etc. See dychryn 

fdechwyn, v, to strike (tents) 

dedfryd -au, nf, verdict, adjudication, 
decision ; sentence 

tdedfryd, i'=edfryd 

dedfrydu, v, to sentence 

tdedryd, n/= dedfryd 

dedwydd, a, happy; blessed; blissful; 
wisef 

dedwyddo, v, to beatify, to make happy 

tdedwyddol, fdedwyddus, a, beatific; 
blessed, happy 

dedwyddwch, dedwyddyd, n, happiness, 
felicity; blessedness, bliss 

tdedyllu, v, to suckle, to suck 

deddf -au +-on, nf, law, statute, ordin- 
ance, act; customf; privileget; 
rightf. ^Hen Ddeddf, Old Testament. 
■\Newydd Ddeddf, New Testament 

deddfle -oedd, n, place or position 
before the law (theol.) 

deddflyfr -au, n, statute-book 
tdeddfod -au, n, statute, ordinance; 
also= defod 

deddf ol, a, legal, lawful, legitimate; 
ceremonial 

deddfoldeb, n, legality 

deddfoli, v, to legalize, to legitimize 

tdeddfon.M^, privileges: s. deddf 
^Z7 



DEDD 



DEI 



deddfres-au -i, n/, code of laws 
tdeddfroddi, v, to legislate 
deddfroddol, a, leptislativi^ 
deddfroddwr, wyr, n, lawgiver, legislator 
deddfu, V, to legislate; to enact 
deddfwr, wyr, n, lawgiver, legislator 
deddfwrfa -oedd, feydd, nf, legislature 
deddfwriaeth, nf, legislation, legislature 
tdeddyw, v, he has come 
tdefal, ;;., devil 
defeidiog -au, nf, slieep-walk 
tdefeidiwr, wyr, n, shepherd 
dafeita, v, to gather sheep; to plunder 

sheep 
tdefeity, tai, «, slieep-fold 
defion, np, rights, dues; rites, customs 
deflys -oedd, n, court of common pleas 
defni, tip, droppings, drops: s. dafn 
defnydd -iau, n, material; matter, ele- 
ment, substance, stuff; subject-mat- 
ter (of poem, etc.)t; end, purpose; 
use. Gwnenthur defnydd o, to make 
use of 
tdefnyddfawr, a, substantial, important 
defnyddiad, n, utilization 
defnyddio, v, to use, to utihze, to em- 
ploy (of things) ; to preparef 
defnyddiol, a, useful; material 
defnyddioldeb, n, usefulness, utility 
defnyddiwr, wyr, n, user, consumer 
defnyn -nau, datnau, n, drop, particle 
defnynnu, v, to drop, to drip, to dribble, 

to distil, to trickle 
defod -au, nf, usage, custom; rite, 

ritual, ceremony; ordinance 
defodaeth, nf, ritualism 
defodi, V, to fix or institute a custom 
defodol, a, customary, accustomed; ap- 
pointed; ritualistic, ceremonial 
defodwr, wyr, n, ritualist 
defosiwn, ynau, n, devotion 
defosiynol, a, devotional, devout (Acts 

X. 2, 7) 

deffiniad -au, n, definition 

deiUnio, v, to define 

tdeffol, V, to select, to pick=dethol 

deflro, deffroi, v, to rouse, to arouse; to 

wake, to awake, to awaken. Yn 

neffro, awake 
deffroad -au, n, awakening 
deffrous, a, rousing 

deg -au, n, ten, lo, x; decade: a, ten 
degaid, eidiau, n, decad(e) 
degeidio, v, to form decad(e)s^ 



degfed, a & n, tenth 

degiad -au, n, decimal 

tdegle, pi. deglywch, v. imp, hark ! 

listen ! ho ! 
degol, a, decimal, degolion, decimals 
degwm, ymau, n, tenth, tithe; (facet.) 

fee. Degwm oil dwrn, gratuity, tip 
degymu, v, to tithe; to decimate 
deng, a, ten = deg (before mlynedd, 

niwrnod, mil, and .1 few other words). 

dengair, decalogue, dengwaith, ten 

times, dengwr, ten men 
dengwriad, iaid, n, decemvir, dccurion 
tdengyn, a, strong, hard, sharp; dogged, 

stubborn 
dehau, deheu, a, southern; south; right; 

dexterous; propitious: n, south; right 

handt 
deheubarth -au, n, south region. Deheu- 

barlh Cvmru, Deheudir Cymru, South 

Wales 
deheubartheg, nf, southern dialect 
deheuberthig, a, pertaining to the Deheu- 
barth. 
deheudir -oedd, n, southern region. 

Deheudir .America, South America 
deheudra, M=deheurwydd 
deheufor -oedd, n, southern sea; 

South Sea 
deheuig, a, dexterous, skilful, expert 
deheulaw, nf, right hand 
tdeheuoedd, np, right hands 
deheuol, a, dexter; southern, austral 
deheurwydd, n, dexterity, adroitness, ex- 

pertness, skill 
deheuwr, wyr, n, southerner, southron; 

South-WaUan 
deheuwynt, n, south wind 
dehongli, v, to interpret 
dehongliad -au, n. interpretation 
dehonglwr, wyr, dehonglydd -ion. n, in- 
terpreter 
tdehol, i^=deol 

tdeholiad, n, banishment, expulsion 
fdeholwr, wyr, n, banisher 
tdehores, v, (he) snatched or dragged 

away 
deial, n, dial (2 Kings xx. 11) 
tdeierin, a=deyerin 
deifíad, n, singeing; blasting (2 Chron. 

vi. 28) 
deifio, V, to singe, to scorch, to burn; to 

blast ; to roastf 
deiflog, a, scorched, blasted 
138 



DEI 

deifiol, a, singeing; blasting; scorching, 
scathing 

deifiwr, wyr, n, scorcher, blaster 

tdeifnio, v, to constitute, to produce 

tdeifniog, a, dripping (dafn) 

tdeifniog, a, substantial, essential, ac- 
complished 

tdeifr, np. See dwfr 

deigr, 11 & en, tear; drop: pi. dagrau 

tdeigrau, np— dagrau 

deigryn, n, tear; drop: pi. dagrau 

tdeilad, M=deiliad 

deildy, dai, n, bower, arbour 

deilen, dail, nf, leaf, foil 

deiliach, np, (mixed) leaves; herbage 

deiliad, n, foliation 

deiliad, laid, deiliadon, n, tenant; sub- 
ject; captort 

deiliadaeth, uf, tenantry, tenancy 

tdeiliadaeth, nf, foliage, fohation 

tdeiliant, n, foliage, foliation 

fdeiliar, a, foliaceous, leafy 

deilio, V, to put forth leaves, to leaf 

deiliog, a, bearing leaves, leafy 

deiliwr, wyr, n, herbalist 

fdeiliwr, n, tenant, subject 

tdeilw -on, n, the small of the leg 

deilliad -au, n, procession, emanation 

deillio, V, to proceed, to emanate; to 
flow, to issue, to spring 

deincod, dincod, en, teeth on edge 

tdeintgryd, tdeincryd, n, chattering or 
gnashmg of teeth 

deintiad, n, dentition 

deintio, v, to nibble; to bite 

deintiol, a, dental, deintolion, dentals 

deintlwch, «, tooth-powder 

deintrod -au, "/, cogwheel 

deintur -iau, n, tenter; tenter-hooks 

deintws, n, little tootli, toothlet 

deintwst, nf, toothache 

deintydd -ion, n, dentist 

deintyddiaeth, nf, dentistry 

deiol, n & nf, dial 

deir, a. slow, dilatory (S.W.) = dyhir 

deirton, nf (tertian) ague 

tdeiryd, v, (it) pertains, belongs, re- 
lates 

deiseb -au, nf, petition 

deisebu, v, to petition 

deisebwr, deisebydd, wyr, n, petitioner 

deisyf -ion, n, request, entreaty, peti- 
tion : V See deisyfu 

fdeisyfedig, a=disyfyd 



DEL 

tdeisyfedigaeth, nf, request, entreaty, 
supphcation 

deisyfiad -au, n, request, desire, prayer, 
petition, supplication, entreaty 

deisyfol, a, beseeching, suppliant 

deisyfu, deisyf, v, to desire, to wish, to 
request, to ask, to pray, to crave, to 
entreat, to beseech, to supplicate, to 
implore; to require; to seek; to suitf, 
to befitf. Deisyfu einioes, to seek 
one's life; to long for one's death 
(by anticipating future events im- 
patiently) 

deisyfwr, wyr, n, suppliant 

tdeisyfyd, a=disyfyd 

tdeisyfyd, tdeisyfaid, j;= deisyfu * 

del, delo, V. subj, will, shall, or may 
come 

del, a, stifft, sternt, grimf ; pertt, 
saucyt; pretty, neat 

delbren -ni, n, cudgel; log ; stick tied to a 
dog's tail; idle or stupid fellow 

tdelder, n, stiffness; sauciness; pretti- 
ness 

delfryd -au, n, idea, ideal 

delfrydiaeth, nf, idealism 

delfrydol, a, ideal 

delfrydwr, delfrydydd, wyr, >i, idealist 

delfî, 11, oaf, dolt, numslvull; churl 

delfîaidd, a, oafish ; stupid; churlish 

delfîo, V, to stun, to stupefy, to nioider 

fdeli, V, to hold=daI 

tdelid -au, n, metal 

tdelidaidd, a, metallic 

tdelidau, np, feasts 

delio, V, to deal 

delor -au, nf, the woodpecker 

delw -au, nf, image, impress; statue; 
idol; form, mode, manner. Pa ddelw, 
how. Pa ddelw bynnag; however 

tdelwad, n, form, formation 

tDelwad, n. Creator 

delw-addolaidd, a, idolatrous 

delw-addoli, v, to worship images 

delw-addoliad, n, delw-addoliaeth, nf, 
idolatry 

delw-addolwr, wyr, n, idolator 

delwdorrwr, dorwyr, n, iconoclast 

deiwedd -au, ;;/, image, simile 

delweddu, v, to portray, to picture 

delw-gell -oedd, nf, image -chamber 
(Ezek. viii. 12) 

deiwi, V, to turn pale; to be paralysed 
with fright 

139 



DEL 

delysg, n, dulse, edible seaweed 

tdell, n/= dellt 

fdelli, dellni, ;;, blindness 

dellt, np (-en, «/), splinters; laths; lat- 
tice, delltennau, 'ledges' (i Kings 
vii. 28, 29) 

delltennog, a, splintered; latticed, lam- 
inated 

delltennu, v, to splinter 

delltio, delltu, v, to splinter, to shiver; 
to lattice 

tdelltyn, 11, basket 

den, n, dean (deon) 

dengar (n-g), a, alluring, enticing, at- 
tractive 

dengarwch, n, attractiveness, seductive- 
ness 

deniadau, np, allurements, attractions 

deniadol, a, attractive 

denol, a, alluring, enticing 

denu, V, to attract, to allure, to entice 

denwr, wyr, n, enticer, seducer 

tdenwy, a, attractive 

deongl, dehongli, v, to interpret 

deongliadaeth, deonglydiiaeth, »/, in- 
terpretation, hermeneutics, exegesis 

•fdeol, V, to expel; to exile, to banish 

fDeon, n, God 

deon -laid, n, dean 

tdeon, np, nobles (lit. 'good men') 

deondy, dai, n, dean's house, deanery 

deoniaeth -au, iif, deanery 

deonol, a, decanal 

deor, deori, v, to brood, to hatch, to in- 
cubate 

tdeor, V, to hinder, to for!;id; to rescue, 
to snatch 

deoraid, eidiau, n, hatched brood 

deorawd, deoriad, n, hatching, incu- 
bation 

tdêr, a, stubborn, sullen, churlish 

tdera -on, Jif, tury, fiend, she-devil; the 

staggers 
derbyn, v, to receive; to admit; to ac- 
cept. Heb dderbyn wyneb, without 
respect of persons 
derbynfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, nf, receptacle 
derbyniad -au, n, receipt, reception; ac- 
ceptance, acceptation; admission; re- 
ceiver, derbyniadau, receipts 
tderbyniaid, i;= derbyn 
derbynio!, a, acceptable; admissible 
derbyniwr, wyr, derbynnydd, yddion, n, 
acceptor, receiver, recipient 



DEU 

derbynneb, ebau, ebion, n/, receipt, 

voucher 
fderch, a, exalted 
tderdri, », the devil, the deuce 
dere, v.inip. Come ! (S.W.) = dyre 
deri, up, oak-trees: n1, oak-grove 
tderlin, «, heart of oak 
derlwyn -i, n, oak-grove 
tderllyddu, v, to deserve, to merit 
dernyn -nau, n, piece, patch, fragment 
dernynnach, np, scraps 
derwen, pi. derw, deri, «/, oak-tree, 

oak 
derwin, a, made of oak, oaken 
derwydd -on, n, druid 
derwyddiaeth, nf, druidism 
derwyddol, a, druidic, druidical 
tderyw, u=darfu 
tdes -au, «, system, order, rule 
tdeseb -au, nf, system 
desg -iau, nf, desk 
tdesgant, n, descant, melody, song 
desgrifiad, t^esgribiad, «= disgrifiad 
desgriflo, fdesgribio, v= disgrifio 
dest, ad, almost, nearly; just (colloq.) 
destlus, fdestl, a, nice, neat, trim, tidy, 

elegant 
destlusrwydd, n, niceness, neatness 
detheu, a, dexterous, deft 
dethol, V, to select, to pick, to choose 
dethol, detholedig, a, select, choice, 

1 hosen. dethoiion, selections 
detholiad, n, selecting, selection 
deu-, px, two, double, bi-. Other com- 
pounds under dau- 
deuawd -au, n, duet 
deuban, a, twice-fulled 
deubar, n, a pair, couple: a, either, each 
(Neh. xiii. 24) 

deuben, deupen, nd, two heads or ends; 
a pair 

deuben, deubennog, a, two-headed 

deublyg, a, double, twofold 

tdeubydd, ii=dybydd 

deudro, nd, two turns: a, twice 

deudroed, nd, two feet 

fdeudrwch, a, twice-pierced 

deuddaint, a, bidental 

deuddeg -au, a & n, twelve, 12, xii 

deuddyblyg, a=dauddyblyg 

deuddydd, nd, two days 

tdeufed, am, second: /. tdwyfed 

deufin, a, two-edged 

deuOs, nd, two months 

140 



DEU_ 

deufor-gyfarfod, n, meeting-place of 

two seas (Acts xxvii. 41) 
deugain, fdeugaint, a & m, fort^', 40, xl 
deugeinfed (40fed), a, fortieth 
tdeuhanner, a, of two halves 
deulais, a, of two sounds 
deulin, nà, the two knees 
deuliw, nd, two colours; two partiesf: 

a, of two colours, bicolor, bichrome 
deulun, nd, two forms; a pair: a, of 

two forms 
deunaw, a & n, eighteen, 18, xviii 
deunawfed (ISfed), a, eighteenth, i8th 
fdeune, a, twice the coloiu: (or bright- 
ness) of 
deunydd -iau, n=defnydd (chiefly dia- 
lect) 
deuoedd, nd, the twain, the two. Hwy 

ill deuoedd, the two of them, both of 

them 
deuol, a, dual, binary 
deuoldeb, n, duality 
deuoliaeth, »;/, dualism 
deuolig, a, dualistic 
deuolwr, wyr, n, dualist 
deupartb, a, of two parts: nd, two parts 
tdeupeinawg, a, with two heads; 

double, twofold (from dau and pen) 
fdeupennawg, a, with two heads; 

double, twofold 
fdeupo, tdeubo, v, it may or shall conre 
deurudd, nd, the cheeks 
deuryw, nd, two sorts or kinds; both 

sexes : a, of two sorts 
deusill, a, of two syllables, disyllabic 
deuswllt, nd, two shillings, florin 
deutu, nd, two sides ; compass. 

ddeutu, on both sides, about 
tdeuwedd, nd, the twain, both 
deuwr, nd, two men {dau -ir) 
tdewaint, n, midnight, dead of night 
dewin -iaid -ion, n, diviner, magician; 

wizard, soothsayer, sorcerer 
tdewindabaeth -au, nf, divination, 

magic, sorcery, witchcraft 
tdewindeb, H=dewiniaeth 
dewines -au, tif, witch, sorceress 
dewiniaeth, nf, divination, witchcraft 
dewinio, v, to divine 
dewis, V, to choose, to select, to elect, 

to desire : -ion, n, choice, selection 
dewisddyn -ion, n, favourite 
dewisiad, n, choosing, selection; choice, 

option. Dewisiad lleol, local option 



DIA 



tdewiso, v= dewis 

dewisol, a, chosen, elect; choice, de- 
sirable, select 

dewiswr, wyr, n, chooser; picked manf 

dewr, a, brave, bold, valiant, stout 

dewr -ion, n, brave man, hero 

dewrder, n, bravery, valour, prowess 

tdewredd, n, bravery, valour; prime 

tdewrhau, v, to encourage 

dewrwych, a, brave, fine, splendid, 
gallant, valiant 

tdeyerin, a, of earth, earthen, earthly 

di, pr ^or Sep. px), without. Di alic am- 
daiw, uncalled for. Di alw yn ol, ir- 
revocable. Di ben draw, without end, 
endless, interminable. Di dderbyn 
-áiyneb, impartial. Di feddivi ddricg, 
thinking no evil, unsuspecting 

diabsen, a, not given to slander 

diacen, a, unaccented 

diacon -iaid, u, deacon 

diaconaidd, a, diaconal 

diacones -au, nf, deaconess 

diaconiaeth -au, nf, diaconate; deacon- 
ship 

diaeonoi, a, diaconal 

fdiaehar, a, loveless, unamiable 

fdiachor, a, impregnable, invincible 

diachos, a, without cause, causeless ;^ 
needless 

diadell -au -oedd, nf, flock 

diadlam, a, not to be repassed 

tdiadlam, a, homeless 

tdiadnabyddus, a, unknown 

tdiadnair, a, reproachless, immaculate 

diaddurn, a, unadorned, plain, simple, 
rude 

diaelodi, v, to dismember; to expel a 
member; to excommunicate 

diafael, a, having no hold; lacking te- 
nacity or application; slippery 

tdiafl -iaid, dieifl, n, devil 

fdiaflym, a, keen 

diafol, diefyl, n devil 

fdiafrddwl, a, alert, vigorous, bold, 
fearless 

tdiagon, n, deacon 

fdiagr, a, fine, handsome 

dianghenraid, a, unnecessary, needless 

dianghenu, v, to relieve or satisfy want 

diail, a, without a second, unequalled, 
unri\-alled 

tdiaill, a, unmatched ; peerless 

dial, V, to avenge; to revenge 
141 



JuoaUJU^ l^) a/. ^±U^ 



DIA 



DIA 



dial -au -on, «, vengeance; revenge 

tdialbren -nau -ni, n, gallows 

jdialechdid, n, dialectics, logic 

dialedd -au, n, vengeance, nemesis 

dialeddgar, a, revengeful, vindictive 

dialeddol, a, avenging 

dialeddu, v, to avenge; to revenge 

tdialfawr, a=dialgar 

dialgar, a, revengeful, vindictive 

dialgarwch, n, viridictiveness 

dialiad -au, n, avenging, revenging; 
reprisal 

dialwr, wyr, dialydd -ion, n, avenger 

diallu, a, without ability; powerless, 
impotent 

diamcan, a, aimless, purposeless 

diamdlawd, a, wittiout stint, abundant 
(Xeh. v. i8) 

diamddiffyn, a, defenceless 

tdlameth, a, unfailing 

diameu, a, doubtless 

diamgen, a, not otherwise; invariable 

diamgyffred, a, incomprehensible 

diamheuol, a, undoubted, indisputable 

diamheus, a, undoubted 

tdiamliw, a, stainless 

diaraod, diamodol, a, unconditional, un- 
qualified 

tdiarawynt, a, without sickness, healthy, 
vigorous 

diamwys, a, unambiguous, unequivocal 

diamynedd, fdiamyneddus, a, impatient 

dianaf, a, witliout blemish; unhurt 

dianair, a, irreproachable 

dianc, v, to escape, lo flee, to avoid; to 
deliverf, to preserve! 

fdianhael, a, liberal, generous 

tdianhardd, a, handsome 

tdianhoff, a, amiable, agreeable 

tdianhy, a, bold, intrepid 

idiannod, a, without delay, forthwith 

dianrhydedd, n, dishonour, disgrace 

dianrhydeddu, v, to dishonour 

dianrhydeddus, a, dishonourable 

dianwadal, a, unwavering, steadfast, 
stable, immutable (Heb. vi. i8) 

dianwadalwch,dianwadalrwydd,«, stead- 
fastness, stability, immutability 

d!ar, i, dear. — annwyl, — bach, dear 
me ' (coUoq.) 

tdiarab, a, mirthless, sorrowful 

tdiaraul, a, sunless, gloomy 

diarbed, a, unsparing, relentless, inces- 
sant 



tdiarchar, a, dauntless, fearless 
tdiarchen, fdiarchenad, a, uncovered; 

unshod, barefooted 

tdiarchenu, v, to undress, to strip; to 
take off one's shoes 

tdiardwy, a, defenceless 

diarddel, v, to disown, to disclaim, to 
repudiate ; to expel, to excommunicate 

diarddeliad -au, excommunication, ex- 
pulsion 

tdiarddelw, tdiaiddelwi, v, to disown, 
to repudiate 

diarddelwad, », disavowal, repudiation 

diareb, >i/=dihareb 

di-arf, a, without a weapon, unarmed 

diarfau, íí, without arms, unarmed 

tdiarferedig, a, unaccustomed 

diarferiad, n, disuse, desuetude 

tdiariod, a, inopportune 

tdiarfod, a, unarmed, defenceless 

diarfog, a, unarmed 

diarfogaeth, a, without armour, without 
armament 

diarfogi, fdiarfu, v, to disarm 

diarfogiad, n, disarmament 

diarffordd, a, out of tlie way, inaccessible 

tdiargel, a, open, public 

diargyhoedd, a, blameless, irreproach- 
able 

fdiargyswr, a, undaunted, dauntless 

fdiargywedd, a, innocent, guiltless, 
blameless, harmless; unhurt, un- 
harmed, unscathed 

diarhebol, a, proverbial 

diarhebu, v, to utter proverbs 

diarhebwr, wyr, diarhebydd -ion, n, pro- 
verbialist 

diariangar, a, not fond of money (Heb. 
xiii. 5) 

diaros, a, without delay, immediate 

diarswyd, a, dauntless, fearless, intrepid 

diarwybod, a, unknowing, unawares 

tdiarynaig, a, fearless, dauntless 

tdias, u, din, clamour, battle-cry 

tdiasbad -au, nf, scream, clamour, noise, 
roar, uproar 

diasbedain, v, to shoutf, to cry outf; 
to resound, to ring 

tdiasedd, n, war, conflict 

diasgellu, v, to unwing, to remove a 
wing 

fdiasgen, a, unhurt, unscathed 

diasglofl, a, without lameness 

diatal, a, without stop, incessant 



i^jUt^lvw .^ ill uJg;Uvi>vw#<ŵ (tj/u^fer-.r 



DIA 



DICH 



diatreg, a, without delay, immediate, 
sudden, at once 

diau, ft, true, certain : ad, certainly, 
surely, truly, indeed, doubtless 

tdiau, tdieuoedd, np, days (after nu- 
merals) 

diawdurdod, a, unauthorized 

diawdwydd, up (-en, «/), bay-trees 

diawen, a, uninspired by the muse, 
prosaic, prosy 

diawl -iaid, diefyl, /?, devil (archaic and 
colloq.) 

diawlaidd, a, devilish, diabolical, fiendish 

tdia\yledig, a, bedevilled, devilish, dia- 
bolical 

diawles -au -od, n/, she-devil, fury 

diawlig, ft= diawlaidd, dieflig 

diawlio, V, to swear profanely 

diawydd, a, disinclined 

dibaid, ft, incessant, unceasing, cease- 
less 

diball, ft, unfailing, infaUible; sure 

tdibara, a, transitory, transient 

dibarch, a, without respect 

dibechod, fdibech, a, sinless, without sin 

fdibeohu, v, to render sinless 

di-ben, a, headless, endless 

diben -ion, n, end, aim, purpose 

dibeniad, «, ending, conclusion, ter- 
mination 

dibennu, v, to end, to conclude, to 
finish, to terminate. Yr wyf wedi 
dibennu, I have done 

diberfeddu, v, to disembowel, to evis- 
cerate 

diberthynas, a, unrelated, irrelevant 

diberygl, a, without danger, safe 

dibetrus, a, without hesitation, unhesi- 
tating; indubitable, indisputable 

dibl -au, n, skirt; what draggles 

diblant, a, childless 

diblanta, diblantu, v, to render childless 
(i Sam. XV. 33) 

diblo, V, to draggle, to bedraggle 

diblog, ft, bedraggled 

dibluo, V, to deplume, to pluck 

diblyg, a, without a fold 

dibobli, diboblogi, v, to depopulate 

diboen, a, painless; unwearied 

diboeni, v, to put out of pain 

dibriddo, ;;, to remove earth; to dis- 
embodyt 

dibrin, a, abundant, plentiful 

dibrinder, a, without stint, plentiful 



dibriod, a, unmarried, single 

dibris, a, worthless, valueless, of no 
account; reckless; contemptuous 

dibrisio, V, to depreciate, to undervalue; 
to disparage, to disregard; to despise 

dibristod, tdibrisrwydd, n, depreciation; 
disregard, contempt 

dibroflad, a, inexperienced 

dibroffes, a, not professing (religion) 

dibryder, a, without anxiety 

tdibryderwch, n, security 

tdibwl, tdi-bŵl, ft, bright, sharp, keen 

dibwrpas, a, purposeless, aimless 

tdibwy, «/, stroke 

dibwyll, a, senseless, witless 

dibwys, ft, trivial, unimportant 

dibyn -nau, n, steep, precipice 

tdibyn, a, hanging. Craig cldibyn, preci- 
pice (Ecclus. xl. 15) 

dibynadwy, a, dependable, reliable, 
trustworthy 

dibynadwyaeth, nf, reliability, trust- 
worthiness 

dibyn-dobyn, a, topsyturvy, upside 
down, head over heels 

dibyniad, n, dependence, reUance 

dibyniaeth, nf, dependence 

dibynnol, a, dependent, depending; sub- 
junctive 

dibynnu, v, to hang; to depend, to 
rely 

dibynnydd, dibynyddion, n, dependant 

tdicied, n, anger 

tdiciofain, Ȕ=digofaint 

dicra, a, puny, squeamish; delicate; in- 
different 

dicräwch, n, squeamishness 

dieter, n, anger, wrath, displeasure 

dichell -ion, nf, wile, trick, craft, 
guile 

dichelldro, n, stratagem 

dichellddrwg, a, cunning and malicious 

dichellgar, tdichellus, a, wily, crafty, 
designing 

dichellwaith, n, fraud, trickery 

tdiclilais, n, break (of day) 

jdichlais, a, safe, secure (difflais) 

tdichlyn, a, careful, diligent, assiduous, 
painstaking ; cautious, circumspect ; 
e.xact 

tdichlyn, v, to pursue 

tdichlyn, v, to choose, to pick 

dielllynaidd, a, of irreproachable char- 
acter; correct, cautious, circumspect 
■43 



DICH 



DIDD 



dichlynder, dichlynedd, dichlynrwydd, n, 

diligence, assiduity; circumspection; 
nicety, accuracy, exactness, precision 
dichlynion, np, refinements, elegancies 
dichon, V, to be able. Dickon i mi, I 
may. Dichon y gwnaf, it may be that 
I shall. Ni ddichon neb, no man can. 
Nid oes dim dichon, there is no possi- 
bility 
dichonadwy, a, possible ; feasible, prac- 
ticable 
di-chwaeth, a, in bad taste, tasteless 
tdichwain, weiniau, nf, chance, lot, 

occurrence, event 
tdichwant, a, without desire, satiated 
fdichwith, a, right; adroit, dexterous 
tdichwyn, fdichyn -ion, n, fragment, 

piece, scrap 
did -au, nf, teat 
fdidach, v, to lie in wait, to lurk, to 

skulk 
tdidaehwr, wyr, n, lurker, skulker, sneak 
di-dâl, a, unpaid 

didalent, a, talentless, untalented 
didaro, a, unaffected, unconcerned, cool 
didaw, a, crying without stop, clamant 
tdidawl, a, ceaseless, unceasing, inces- 
sant, unabated ; unmeasured 
dideimlad, a, unfeeling, apathetic, in- 
human 
dideimladrwydd, n, unfeelingness, insen- 

sil)ility, apathy, callousness 
dideitl, a, titleless 
dideler, didelerau, a, unconditioned, 

absolute 
diden -nau, nf, nipple, teat 
diderfyn, a, boundless, unbounded, end- 
less, infinite 
tdiderfynol, »= diderfyn, annherfynol 
■fdidlawd, a, without stint ; abundant ; 

rich, splendid 
didoi, V, to uncover, to unroof 
fdidol, a, separated, exiled 
didol, V - didoli 

didoli, V, to separate, to segregate 
didoliad, n, separation, segregation 
didolnod -au, n & nf, direresis ( " ) 
didolnodi, v, to mark with a dia?resis 
didolwr, wyr, didolydd -ion, n, separator 
didoli, a, without toll, free 
didoUi, V, to exempt from toll, to frank 
didonni, v, to pare (land) 
didor, a, unbroken, uninterrupted, con- 
tinual 



didoreth, a, unprofitable; silly and 

changeable; fickle; shiftless 
didoriad, a, unbroken, untamed, rough 
didostur, didosturi, a, pitiless, merciless 
tdidra, a, without excess; moderate 
didrachwant, a, not covetous 
fdidrachywed, a, unimpetuous 
didrafferth, a, without trouble 
didraha, a, moderate, modest 
didrai, a, without ebb; unfailing 
fdidrain, a, solitary, lonely, quiet 
didramgwydd, a, without stumbling ; 

without offence, inoffensive 
tdidramwyaid, a, unfrequented 
didranc, a, deathless; endless, ever- 
lasting 
didraul, a, without wear; without 

expense 
tdidraw, n. See didro 
didrefn, a, without order; untidy 
didreftadu, v, to disinherit, to dispossess 
tdidreinio, v, to forsake, to abandon 
fdidri, n, perplexity, trouble 
fdidrist, a, ungrieving, happy, cheerful: 

nf, the plant borage 
fdidro, tdidraw, n, straying, error. At 

ddi'iro, astray 
didro, a, without a turning, direct 
didrugaredd, a, merciless, pitiless, un- 
merciful 
tdidrwc, a, uninterrupted (by mis- 
fortune) 
tdidrwch, a, unbroken, uninterrupted; 

without misfortune 
tdidrwm, a, light: /. fdidrom 
dldrwst, a, noiseless, without din 
fdidryf, a, solitary, lonely, unfrequented, 
desert: -oedd, n, solitary place, wil- 
derness, desert 
tdidryfwr, wyr, n, hermit 
diduedd, a, impartial, unbiassed 
tdidwn, a, unfractured, whole, sound 
didwrw, a, without noise or fuss 
didwyll, a, guileless, innocent, sincere 
didwylledd, n, guilelessness, sincerity 
didwyllo, V, to undeceive, to dis- 
illusion 
tdidyb, a, unsuspecting; unsuspected 
fdidÿo, V, to unhouse, to evict, to eject 
didyst, a, without witness (Acts xiv. 17) 
didda, diddaioni, a, void of goodness, 

worthless 
diddadl, a, without doubt, imquestion- 
able, indisputable; sure, confident 
144 



^JàáU^ ^ cLcH^ 



DIDD 



DIE 



tdiddadleu, a, without question, with- 
out doubt 

di-ddal, a, unreliable, untrustworthy, 
shiftless 

diddan, a, amusing, entertaining, pleas- 
ant, diddanion, jokes 

tdiddanhau, z;=diddanu 

fdiddaniad -au, n, consolation 

diddanol, a, diverting, entertaining; 
comforting 

diddanu, v, to divert, to amuse; to 
comfort, to console 

diddanus, a, comforting, consoling; 
pleasant; of good cheer 

diddanwch, n, comfort, consolation; 
delightf, entertainmentf 

diddan wr, wyr, n, entertainer; com- 
forter, consoler (Nahum iii. 7) 

diddanydd -ion, n, comforter, consoler. 
V Diddanydd. the Comforter, the 
Paraclete (John xiv. 26) 

diddarbod, a, improvident; 'not regard- 
ing ' (Phil. ii. 30) 

tdiddarbod, v, to care, to mind 

diddarbodi, v, to neglect to make pro- 
visi(,n (Eph. i\-. iq) 

diddarbodus, a, improvident, extrava- 
gant 

diddarftd, a, endless; perpetual; peren- 
nial 

tdiddau, a, without doubt, doubtless 

diddawn, a, giftless; ineloquent 

fdlddawr, n, concern, interest 

diddeali, a, unintelligent, stupid 

diddeddf, a, without law (Rom. ii. 12) 

diddefnydd, a, useless 

di-dderbyn-wyneb, a, without respect 
of persons; impartial 

tdiddestl, a, untidy, slovenly, shabby 

diddichell, a, guileless 

diddidol, a, inseparable 

fdiddieithrad, a, without exception 

diddiflanedig, a, unfading (i Pet. i. 4) 

diddiffyg, a, without fainting; without 
defect; unfaiUng 

tdiddifiygiol, a, unfailing, perpetual 

diddig, a, contented, pleased, placid, 
good-tempered 

diddigio, V, to appease, to pacify, to 

placate, to propitiate 
digio, V, to appease, to pacify 

diddigrwydd, n, placidity, contentment 

diddim, a, destitute, void: n, nothing, 
the void, the abyss 



di-ddim, a. having or being nothing; 

worthless 
diddiolch. a, thankless 
diddiwedd, a, endless, infinite, perpetual 
diddordeb, n, interest, concern 
diddori, v, to interest, to be concerned; 

to care (for) ; to considerf, to regardf, 

to heedf 
diddorol, diddorus, a, interesting 
diddos, a, watertight; weather-tight; 

sheltered, snug: n, shelter 
diddosben -nau, n, hat, bonnet, helmet 

(arbitrary) 
diddosfa -oedd, feydd, nf, covert, shelter 
diddosi, V, to make weather-proof; to 

shelter 
diddosrwydd, n, shelter, safety 
diddrwg, a, void of evil, innocent, harm- 
less; unharmedf, unhurtt.uninjuredf. 

Diddrwg didda, neither good nor bad; 

indifferent; insipid 
didduw, a, godless; atheistical: n, 

atheist, infidel 
didduwiaeth, nf, atheism, infidelity 
diddwyno, x;=difwyno 
diddyfnu, v, to wean 
diddymder, diddymdra, «, nothingness, 

nihility, nullity, extinction, the void 
diddymedig, a, annulled 
diddymedigaeth, «;, abrogation 
diddymiad, diddymiant, «, annihilation, 

abolition, extermination 
diddymol, a, abolishing, exterminating 
diddymu, v, to annihilate; to abolish, 

to annul, to disannul, to abrogate, to 

exterminate 
diddysg, a, unlearned, ignorant 
tdie, n, day 
tdieberwr, n, frustrator 
fdiebryd, v, to frustrate, to delay: n, 

frustration; delay 
tdiebrydig, a, tardy, dilatory 
tdiebyd, n, assault, onset, violence 
tdiechwith, a, not awkward; dexterous, 

skilful 
fdiechyr, a, fierce 

diedifar, a, unrepenting, impenitent 
diedifarus, a, without repentance (Rom. 

xi. 20) 
tdiedifeiriol, a, impenitent (Rom. ii. 5) 
fdiedifeirwch, a, without repentance, 

impenitent, ruthless 
tdieding, a, without restriction, unre- 
strained, unlimited 

145 



DIE 

fdiednyddig, a, twisted 

dieflig, a, devilish, diabolical ; fiendish ; 

demoniac 
dieflyn, n, little devil, imp 
diefyl, np, devils, demons 
dieffaith, a, without effect, ineffectual 
dieglwyso, v, to unchurch 
diegni, a, without exertion, inert 
diegwan, a, not weak; strong, mighty 

(Rom. iv. 19) 
diegwsddor, a, unprincipled 
diengyd, tdiengi, v, to flee, to escape 
tdieiddil, a, strong, robust, stout, vig- 
orous . 
tdieiddilwr, wyr, >i, strong man 
tdieiriach, a, unsparing 
dieisieu, a, unnecessary, needless 
tdieisiwo, V, to indemnify, to com- 
pensate 
fdieisor, a, matchless 
dieithr, a, strange, alien, foreign; out- 
sidet, outert, externalt- Dyn (gmr) 
dieithr, stranger. ddieithr, out of, 
outside of, without, beyond; except, 
besides 
dieithr -iaid, n, stranger, alien 
fdieithr, pr, except, save, but; outside; 

without 
dieithr-ddyn, n, stranger 
dieithriad, a, without exception 
dieithr(i)o, v, to estrange, to alienate; 

to except!, to excludef 
tdieithrol, a, strange, alien, foreign 
dieithrwch, n, strangeness 
dieithryn, n, stranger 
di-elw, a, profitless 

fdielw, a, worthless, base, mean, vile 
jdielwhau, fdielwi, v, to depreciate, to 
despise, to abuse, to revile, to vilify; 
to sully, to defile 
tdielwig, a, vile, base; unshapely 
tdiell, a, beautiful, fair, lovely 
diemwnt, n, diamond 
tdien, a, beautiful; fresh; serene; 

pleasant 
tdlen, n, extinction; death 
dienaid, a, inanimate, lifeless, soulless 
dienbyd, a, without peril, secure, safe 
dienbydrwydd, n, safety (2 Mace. ix. 21) 
dieneidio, v, to exanimate, to slay 
tdieneidiog, fdieneidiol, a, lifeless, soul- 
less, inanimate 
tdieniwed, a, harmless, innocent 
tdienlweidrwydd, n, innocence 



DIP 

tdieniwo, v, to make amends, to in- 
demnify, to compensate for injury 
fdiennig, a, unsparing, generous; vigor- 
ous 
tdiennyd, ad, forthwith 
fdienoed, n, reprieve, respite 
dienw, a, nameless, anonymous 
dienwaededig, a, uncircumcised 
dienwaediad, n, uncircumcision 
tdienwir, a, true, sincere, sterling 
dienyddfa -oedd, !eydd, n/, place of exe- 
cution 
dlenyddiad -au, n, execution 
dienyddio, v, to put to death, to execute 
dlenyddiwr, wyr, n, executioner 
dienyddle -oedd, n, place of execution, 

scaffold 
tdienyddu, d=^ dienyddio 
diepil, a, childless, barren 
diepiledd, n, childlessness, barrenness 

(Isa. xlvii. 8) 
diepiliaeth, m/= diepiledd 
tdiergryd, fdiergryn, tdiergrynedlg, a, 

intrepid, dauntless, fearless 
dierth, <?= dieithr (mostly colloq.) 
diesgeulus, a, not negligent; careful, 

diligent, assiduous 
diesgeulusrwydd, n, diligence, care 
tdiesgor, a, unavoidable, inexorable 
diesgus, a, without excuse, inexcusable 
diesgyrnu, v, to bone (Jer. 1. 17) 
fdiesig, a, warlike 
dietifedd, «, without issue, childless, 

heirless 
dietifeddu, v, to disinherit 
tdieuoedd, np, days (a double plural) 
dieuog, a, not guilty, guiltless, inno- 
cent 
dieuogi, i;, to clear of guilt, to excul- 
pate, to acquit 
dieuogrwydd, n, guiltlessness, innocence 
diewyllys, a, without a will, intestate 
difa, V, to consume; to destroy; to de- 
vour; to waste, to ravage 
fdifachellu, v, to extricate oneself 
fdifachio, V, to unhook, to unhitch, to 

unliinge 
fdifaddeu, a, without doubt, exception, 

or qualification : without stint 
tdifaddeuol, a, unpardonable 
dlfael, a, unprofitable 
difai, a, blameless, faultless; goodt, 

wellf : adt> well 
dj-fai, a, good enough 

146 



DIP 

ditalch, a, void of pride; humble 

•fdifan, a, spotless, immaculate, pure 

difancoll, «/, total loss, perdition (from 
difant) 

difanners, a, unmannerly (colloq.) 

fdifannu, v, to vanish; to fade away, to 
decay {Ecclus xl. 13) 

tdifant, n, space, the void ; the unseen 
world; extinction. S«i adfant 

difantais, a, without advantage, profit- 
less, unprofitable 

tdifanw, a, insignificant, contemptible: 
V, to depreciate, to despise (hence 
difenwi) 

difaol, a, consuming, devouring, de- 
structive 

difarf, a, beardless 

ditarn, a, without judgment, inju- 
dicious 

tdifarw, fdifarwol, a, deathless, im- 
mortal 

tdifas, a, deep, profound 

difater, a, indifferent, unconcerned 

difaterwch, n, indifference, apathy 

tdifawd, a, destroyed 

dlfäwr, wyr, n, consumer, destroyer 

difedr, a, incapable, skilless; ignorant 

difedydd, a, unbaptized 

difeddiannu, v, to dispossess, to de- 
prive 

difeddu, v, to deprive 

tdifeddw, a, sober 

difeddwl, a, thoughtless, unthinking 

tdifeddyginiaethol, a, incurable (2 Mace, 
ix. 5) 

diiefl, a, blameless, flawless, faultless 
(2 Tim. ii. 15) 

diteinwT, wyr, difeinydd -ion, n, divine 

difeio, V, to exculpate 

difeius, a, blameless, faultless (Phil, 
ii. 15) 

difenwad, n, reviling 

difenwi, v, to depreciate, to despise, to 
revile, to abuse 

ditenwr, wyr, n, reviler 

tdiferchwys, n, dripping sweat 

diferiad, », dropping (Ps. xix. 10) 

fdiferiog, a, bold, savage, fierce, furi- 
ous, mad 

diferion, np, drops 

diferlif, II, stream, flux, issue. Diferlif 
gwaed, an issue of blood, haemor- 
rhage (Mark v. 25) 

diferllyd, a, having an issue (Lev. xv. 4) 



DIP 

tdiferogion, a, pi. of diferiog 

diferol, a, dripping, dropping 

dlieru, V. to drip, to drop, to dribble, to 
drizzle, to trickle, to distil, to shed 

diferyn -nau, diferion, n, a drop 

diferynnu, v, to drip, to dribble, to 
drizzle, to trickle 

difesur, a, without measure; infinite; 
incomprensiblet 

tdifesuredig, a, unmeasured 

fdifesuredd, n, immense quantity, im- 
mensity, infinity : a, immense 

difeth, a, infallible, certain 

difetha, v, to destroy, to spoil, tcf waste 

difethdod, «, destruction, waste 

difethgar, a, wasteful 

difethiad, n, destroying, destruction 

tdifethl, a, unfailing 

difethwr, wyr, n, waster, destroyer 

+difewyd, a, active, energetic 

Difiau, tDiwiau, n, Thursday 

ditlnydd -ion, ;i=diwinydd 

diflnyddiaeth, >i/=diwinyddiaeth 

tdifiog, i(, wild, fierce, intractable 

diflanedig, a, evanescent, fleeting, tran- 
sient 

diflaniad, n, vanishing, disappearance 
blasting, blight (Hag. ii. 17) 

diflannol, a, vanishing, disappearing, 
evanescent 

diflannu, v, to vanish, to disappear 

diflanrwydd, n, evanescence, transitori- 
ness 

tdiflant, n, evanescence ; extinction 

diflas, a, tasteless, insipid ; disagree- 
able; dull, wearisome, tiresome 

diflaster, diflastod, diflasrwydd, n, dis- 
gust ; insipidity ; weariness 

diflasu, V, to disgust; to become dis- 
gusted; to weary, to surfeit 

diflin, diflino, a, unwearied, untiring; 
indefatigable 

diflodeuad, n, defloration 

diflodeuo, V, to deflower 

difloesgni, a, without lisping or falter- 
ing; articulate; plain, clear, distinct, 
explicit; imequivocal, unambiguous; 
without mincing matters 

difodi, V, to do away with, to annihil- 
ate, to exterminate, to extirpate, to 
destroy 

difodiad, difodiant, n, anniliilation, ex- 
tinction, destruction 

difoes, a, rude, unmannerly 
147 



DIP DIFF 

diforwyno, v, to devirginate, to deflower difwlch, a, without a break; continuous, 

tdifrath, a, unwounded consecutive 

difraw, a, fearlessf; unconcerned, in- difwriad, a, undesigned, without purpose 

different, heedless, apathetic fdifwrn, a, unburdened, light, nimble 

diirawder, tdifräwch, n, unconcern; tdifwyn, ii, without advantage, unprofit- 

apathy, indifference able; disagreeable, harsh ; ugly 

tdifrawu, v, to become apathetic; to tdifwyn -ion, n, reparation, atonement, 

regard with indifference, to wink at satistaction, compensation, expiation 

fdiirawwch, « = difräwch (legal) 

tdifreg, (7, flawless, perfect, whole, sound difwyniant, a, without enjoyment ; un-- 
tdifregwawd, «,' faultless song'; enigma, profitablef, proüUesst, worthlessf 

nddle, rebus difwyniant, n, defilement 

difreiniad, n, disfranchisement difwyno, v, to mar, to spoil, to ruin, to 
diireinio, v, to disfranchise; to deprive undo; to soil, to defile; to sully; to 

tdifri, It, dishonour: a, sad render profitless; to neutralize, to 

diírîaeth, nf, abuse, calumny nullify 

difrjf, i( = difrifol: »=difrifwch. Mewn difyfyr, ix, impiomptu 

difn/, seriously. ddifrif, in earnest fdifygwl, a, fearless, dauntless 

difrifddwys, a, solemn, grave fdifyngus, a, plain, clear, distinct, ar- 
difrifo, V, to make or become serious ticulate 

difrifol. a, grave, serious, earnest, tdifyllu, v, to make less sultry, to cool 

bdlcniu, sedate, thoughtful tdifyn -ion, n, fragment, piece, morsel 

difrifoldeb,difrifwch,n, seriousness, earn- difyniad, n, cutting, dissection 

estness, gravity, solemnity difyniaeth, nf, anatomy, dissection 

difrifoli, V, to sober, to solemnize difynio. v, to chop, to hack; to dissect, 
difrio, V, to scold, to abuse, to malign to anatomize 

difriol, a, abusive, defamatory, de- difynnu, t'=dyfynnu 

rogatory difyr, a, pleasant, agreeable; diverting, 
difriw, a, unwounded, unhurt amusing, entertaining 

tdifro, a, without country, exiled, difyrion, np, amusements 

banished difyrlong -au, nf, yacht 

difrod, n, waste; devastation, desola- difyrru, v, to divert, to amuse. Dic- 
tion ; depredation ; havoc, damage, yrru'r dydd, to beguile the day 

destruction difyrrus, v, amusing, entertaining, di- 
difrodaeth, nf, spoil; extravagance verting 

difrodedd, n, extravagance, prodigality difyrrwch, n, diversion, amusement, en- 
difrodi, V, to waste, to spoil, to ravage, tertainment, fun, play, delight 

to desolate, to devastate; to destroy difyrrwr, yrwyr, n, entertainer 

difrodol, a, desolating, devastating, difywyd. a, lifeless, inanimate, spiritless 

destructi\ e diffael, fdiffaeliedi, a, without fail 

difrodwr, wyr, n, spoiler, devastator; diffaith, a, waste, desert; vile, base, 

destroyer mean, bad, evil, vicious. Dyn diffaith, 

tdifröedd, n, exile, banishment a wastrel, a Totter' 

Qifrycheulyd, a, immaculate, spotless diffaith, ffeifhydd, n, wilderness, desert 

tdifrysio, i^=dyfrysio tdiffals, a, true, honest, sincere, trusty 

difudd, a, unprofitable, useless, futile diffeithder, n, foulness, knavery 

difuddiad, n, deprivation diffeithdir -oedd, n, waste, desert 

difuddio, V, to make unprofitable, to difleithfa, feydd, nf, desert place 

deprive, to bereave t^iffeithfor, ii, high sea, main sea, 
difuddiog, a, without gain main 

fdiful, a, not cast down, undejected; diffeithio, i», to lay waste 

bold; proud diffeithwch, n, desert, wilderness 

difurio, V, to unwall, to demolish, to fdiffeithwr, wyr, n, knave, rascal, 

dismantle (Isa. xxii. 5) scoundrel 

148 



DIÍ-F 

tdifleithwraig, "/, jade 

tdifler-, V. Inf. diflryd 

tdiflerdduw -iau, n, tutelary deity 

fdiffiais, a, sate, secure 

tdifflannu, i;=diflannu 

diffod, 1= diffodd 

diffodd, diffoddi, ?>, to quench, to ex- 
tinguish, to put out; to go out; to 
become extinct! ; to put awayt, to 
blot outf; to escheatf 

difloddiad, n, quenching, extinction 

diSoddwr, wyr, diffoddydd -ion, n, 
■ quencher, extinquisher 

diffoddyr -on, n, extinguisher 

difforestu, v, to deforest 

tdiffreidiad, laid, fdiflreidiog -ion, n, 
defender, protector, guardian 

tdiflreidog, a, defending 

diffrwyth, a, unprotitable, unfruitful; 
barren, sterile; numb, paralysed 

diffrwythdra, «, barrenness, sterility; 
impotence; numbness 

diffrwytho, v, to mal<e abortive or bar- 
ren; to paralyse; to neutralize 

fdiffryd, v, to defend, to protect 

diffuant, a, unfeigned, sincere, genuine 

diffuantrwydd, ;!. sincerity, genuineness 

tdiffun, a, breathless 

tditfwyn, v, to defend, to protect 

tdiffwys -ydd, n, precipice, chasm, abyss; 
desert, wild, wilderness: a, steep; 
huge, enormous 

di-ffydd -ion, a &. n, infidel 

diffyg -ion, n, defect, failure, want, lack. 
Diffys. anadl, shortness of breath. 
Diffyg ar yr haul, eclipse of the sun. 
Cylch y diffygion, the ecliptic. 
ddiffyg, for want of. Yn niffyg, in 
the absence of, for want of 

ditfygiad -au, n, failing; eclipse; ellipsis 

diöygiaith, nf, ellipsis 

diffygio. V, to fail; to be tired; to ffaint 

diffygiol, a, defective, deficient; faint, 
weary, tired 

diffygiwr, wyr, n, defaulter 

diffyn, V, to defend 

diffyn -ion, n, defence, guard 

diffyndoU -au, nf, protective duty, tariff 

diffyndoUaeth, nf, protection, protec- 
tionism 

diffyndollwr, wyr, », protectionist 

diffyniad -au, n, defence, vindication 

diffynnol, a, defensive 

diffynnu, v, to defend, to guard 



DIG 

diflynnwr, ynwyr, n, defender, pro- 
tector 

difîynnydd, ynyddion, h, defendant 

diffynyddes -au, nf, defendant 

dig, a, angry, wrathful, indignant, dis- 
pleased : n, anger, ire, wrath 

tdigabl, a, without reproach, blameless, 
faultless 

digalon, n, disheartened, dispirited, de- 
pressed, sad, gloomy; disheartening, 
depressing; dismal 

digalondid, n, depression, dejection 

digalonni, v, to dishearten, to discourage 

tdigamrwysg, a, free from tyranny 

tdigamsyniaeth, ii= digamsyniol 

digamsyniol, a, unmistakable 

tdigarad, a, forsaken, helpless, forlorn 
(Wisdom xii. 6) 

tdigardd, a, without blemish, without 
reproach; free 

tdigaredd, a, blameless 

digaregu, v, to clear of stones (Isa. 
Ixii. lO) 

digariad, a, loveless 

digartref, a, homeless 

fdigaru, v, to cease loving ; to dislike, 
to hate, to loathe (Wisdom xvi. 3) 

tdigas, a, kind 

digasedd, n, hatred, enmity 

digasog, a, hatmg, hateful, hated 

digêl, (7, unconcealed; open 

digelwyddog, Í/, that cannot lie (Tit 1 2) 

digellwair, a, sincere, earnest, sober 

tdigenhedlu, fdigenedlhau, v, to de- 
generate 

digerydd, a, without rebuke, unre- 
buked; with impunity 

digio, V, to offend, to displease, to 
anger; to be angry; to be offended, 
to be displeased; to take offence 

tdigiofaint, )i = digofaint 

tdiglist, n. See tiglist 

tdigloff, a, not lame or halt 

diglwyf, a, unhurt, unwounded, whole. 
\Diglwyf yw gennyf i, I do not mind 

digllawn, digllon, a, wrathful, angry, 
"indignant, irate 

digllondeb, digllonder, digllonedd, dig- 
Uonrwydd, n, wrath, ire, indignation, 
displeasure 

digUoni, V, to be displeased ; to anger 

tdiglloni, n, anger, wrath, displeasure 

digofaint, n, anger, wrath, indignation, 
displeasure 

149 



DIG 

digofus, a, angry, indignant 

digoll, a, without loss or lapse, com- 
plete, perfect 

digollediad, digollediant, u. indemnity, 
roinpensation 

digolledu, V, to make good a loss, to in- 
demnify, to compensate 

digon, a, enough, sufficient: n, enough, 
sufficiency, plenty, abundance: ad, 
enough. Ar ben ei ddigon, in plenty. 
Digon da, good enough 

digonedd, u, abundance, plenty; suffi- 
ciency 

digoni, V, to suffice; to satisfy; to dof; 
to maket, toeffectf; to cook (S.W.) 

tdigoniant, n, doing, performance, 
action 

digonol, a, sufficient, adequate; satisfy- 
ing; satisfied, sated 

digonoldeb, digonolrwydd, n, sufficiency, 
adequacy; abundance 

digorff, a, bodiless, disembodied 

fdigorni, v. to unroll 

digosb, a, unpunished, with impunity 

digest, ÍÍ, costless, uncostly, inexpen- 
sive 

digotwm, a, threadbare 

tdigrain, a, wandering, straying 

jdigrawn, fdigron, a, not pent up; 
flowing, profuse 

digred, a, unbelieving, infidel 

fdigreedig, a, uncreated, uncreate {( om- 
mon Prayer) 

digrefydd, a, irreligious, impious 

tdigreulon, íî, not cruel, mild 

digrif, digrifol, a, pleasant, agreeable, 
delectable, delightful; joyous, joyful; 
merry, mirthful; funny, amusing; 
jocose 

tdigrifhau, ?>= digrif o 

digrifo, V, to amuse, to divert, to 
entertain, to delight 

digrifol, a. Sec digrif 

digrifwas, weision, n, clown, jester, 

l)iin<...n 
digrifwch, w, pleasantry, amusement, 
fun, mirth, merriment, dalliance, en- 
tertainment, diversion; pleasure, en- 
ioyment ; joy, deUght 
tdigrifwyl -iau, h, fite, festival 
digroeni, v, to skin, to peel, to pare 

digroesaw, a, inliospitable; unwelcome 

tdigron, a. See digrawn 

fdigroyw, a, salt 



DIG 

digryn, a, without trembling, intrepid, 
firm, staunch 

tdigryno, a, free, liberal 

digter, M=dioter 

tdigu, a. unloved, loveless 

diguro, a, that cannot be beaten, un- 
surpassed 

tdigus, a, angry, displeased, vexatious 

fdigust, a, unobscured, clear 

fdigwl, a, blameless, faultless 

digwmwl, a, cloudless, unclouded 

digwsg, n, sleepless 

digwydd -ion, n, lapse; hap, chance; 
happening, occurrence 

digwydd, digwyddo, v, to fallf; to befall, 
to happen, to occur, to come to pass. 
Haint digwydd, Clwyf digwydd, falling 
sickness, epilepsy 

tdigwyddedigaeth, nf, fall; going down. 
Digit'yddedigaeth yr haul, sunset 

digwyddiad -au, n, happening, occur- 
rence, event, incident ; windfall, for- 
tune 

digwyddiadol, a, casual, incidental 

digwyddol, a, fortuitous, accidental 

digwyl, M=dygwyl 

digwymp, a, without falling (Jude 24) 

digwyn, a, uncomplaining; unpitied 

digwyno, a, uncomplaining, unmur- 
muring 

digychwyn, a, shiftless, feckless 

digydwybod, a, conscienceless, uncon- 
scientious, unscrupulous 

digydymdeimlad, a, unsympathetic 

tdigyfartal, a, unequalled 

digyfeiliorn, a. unerring, inerrant 

digyfeillacli, a, without society; un- 
social, unsociable 

digyfnewid, a, unchangeable, immu- 
table 

tdigyfoethi, tdigyfoethogi, v, to deprive 
of territory, dominion, or wealth; to 
dispossess 

digyfraith, a, without law; lawless 

digyfrif, a, of no account 

digyfrwng, a, immediate, direct 

fdigyfyng, a, unconfined, broad, tree 

digyflelyb, a, unrivalled, unparalleled, 
peerless 

digyffro, a, undisturbed, unmoved; 
tranquil ; apathetic 

tdigyflrous, a, unmoved, impassible 

digymar, a, matchless, peerless 

digymeriad, a, disreputable 
150 



Xi'iY^^^ 



[ trvU. (L«— tAX>M(e j 



DIG 

digymortb, a, helpless, succourless 
digymwynas, a, disobliging 
digymysg, a, unmixed 
digynhennus, a, uncontentious 
digynhorthwy, a, unaided, unassisted 
digynnwrf, a, undisturbed, still, quiet, 

tranquil 
digynnydd, a, without increase; making 

no progress 
digynnyg, ai, exceedingly, extremely 

(S.W.) 
digynnyrch, a, unproductiye 
digyrraedd, a, dense, stupid, dull 
tdigyrrith, a, unsparing, unstinted; 

hberal, bountiful 
digysur, i?, comfortless, cheerless, dreary 
digysuro, v, to discomfort, to dis- 
courage (2 Mace. vi. 4) 
tdigyswallt, a, without intermission 
digysylltiad, a, unconnected, unrelated; 

disjointed 
tdigytrym, a, instantaneous, immediate 
digytundeb, a, without agreement, 

without truce 
digywilydd, a, shameless, impudent, 

barefaced 
digywilydd-dra, n, impudence 
tdihaeddu, v, to search 
tdihaereb -ion, n/=dihareb 
tdihaeru, v, to unsay, to disproye 
dihafal, a unequalled, unrivalled, peer- 
less 
tdlhafareh, a, undaunted, intrepid, 
powerful, strong, courageous (2 Mace. 
vi. 31) 
dihafarchedd, n, fearlessness, intre- 
pidity 
dihangfa, diangfâu, «/, (way of) escape 
dihangol, a, escaped, safe. Bwck di- 

kangol, scapegoat 
dihangydd, n, escaper (Ezek. xxxiii. 22) 
dihalog, a, unpolluted, undefiled, pure 
dihalogedig, a, undefiled {Jas. i. 27) 
dihallt, a, saltless (Mark ix. 50) 
dihareb, diarhebion, nf, proverb, adage, 

byword: af, proverbial 
tdiharffu, v, to wonder, to be amazed; 

to astound, to stun, to stupefy 
dihatru, v, to strip, to undress 
tdihau, tdiheu, a & ad See diau 
dihefelydd, a, unequalled, incompar- 
able 
tdiheinio, v, to infect; to become in- 
fected 



DIL 



diheintio, v, to disinfect 

tdihenydd, a, very old (Ecclus. xli. 2): 

n, one who does not grow old. Yr 

hen Ddihenydd, the Ancient of Days 

(Dan. vii. 9) 

tdihenydd, dienyddiau, », end, fate; 

death, execution 
diheurad, diheurawd, n, apology 
dibeurbrawf, broflon, n, ordeal 
tdiheureb, 1/=^ dihareb 
diheuro, diheuru, v, to excuse, to excul- 
pate, to exonerate ; to vindicate 
tdiheurwydd, n, certainty, assurance, 

security 
tdihewyd, n, mind, bent, affection, in- 
clination, desire; devotion: a, eager 
di-hîd, a, heedless, indifferent; not to 

be heeded, unreliable 
dihidlo, V, to drop, to distil ; to shed 
tdihirog -od, nf, harlot (Hos. iv. 14) 
dihirwch, n, worthlessness, rascality ; 

tediumt; longingt: suspense! 
dihirwr, wyr, n, rascal, scoundrel, scamp 
dihiryn, od, n, wastrel; rascal, scoun- 
drel, wretch 
dihoeed, a, without fraud or humbug; 

honest, sincere, ingenuous 
dihoen, a, dispirited, ciieerless 
dihoeni, v, to languish, to pine, to 

waste 
tdihol, i;=deol 

dihun, a, sleepless, wakeful, awake 
dihuno, V, to wake, to awake, to rouse, 

to arouse 
dihwyl, a, out of humour, out of sorts 
tdihyll, a, without ugliness=diell 
dihysbydd, a, inexhaustible, exhaustless 
dihysbyddu, v, to empty, to exhaust 
dihysbyddwr, wyr, );, emptier, ex- 
hauster, evacuator (Nah. ii. 2) 
di-ildio, a, unyielding, dogged 
dil -iau, n, structuret ; texturet. Dil mêl, 
honeycomb. ^Diliau rhos, rose petals, 
rose leaves 
tdilachar, a, brilliant; flagrant 
dilafar, a, silent, mute 
tdi-lai, a, without exception, without 

fail; assuredly 
tdilain, tdileiu, i'=dileu 
fdilathr, a, dull, dismal, gloomy 
dilead, »1, abolition, deletion 
tdilechdid, n, dialectics, logic 
tdiledach, a, not of base origin; noble 
tdiledfryd, a, not listless; hearty 
151 



DIL 

dilediaith, a, without a foreign accent; 
pure 

tdiledlaes, a, concise, compact, terse 

tdiledlef, a, articulate; plain 

diledrith, a, genuine, sincere, real 

tdiledryd, a=diledfryd 

diledryw, a, undegenerate; unmixed 
pure, genuine ; sincere, real 

tdiledwg, a, without displeasure, un- 
grudging 

dileddf, a, unbiassed; direct; unbend- 
ing 

dilefeinllyd, a, unleavened (i Cor. v. 7) 

tdilein, t'=dileu 

dilen, a, without a veil, open 

diles, di-les, fl, useless; profitless; un- 
profitable 

tdilesg, a, not feeble; strong, stout, 
energetic, vigorous; diligent 

dilestair, a, unhindered, unimpeded 

dilety, a, houseless, homeless 

tdiletyb, a, unsuspecting, unsuspicious; 
ingenuous 

dileu, V, to blot out, to delete; to abolish, 
to annul; to exterminate, to annihi- 
late 

tdilew, a, without valour 

dilewyrch, a, dismal, gloomy; unpros- 
pcrous. Go ddilewyrch, not very 
bright or flourishing 

tdilid, V. See dilyd 

tdilidio, V, to cease from anger 

tdilidiog, a, without anger, mild, kind 

tdilifn, «=dilin 

tdilin, a, wrought, refined. Aur dilin, 
fine gold (job xxviii. 17) 

dilio, V, to talk nonsense (dulio) 

tdilis, a. See dilys 

di-liw, a, colourless 

tdiliv/, n, phantom, spectre 

tdiliw, n, ruin 

tdiliw, V, to cast, to condenm 

diliw(i)o, V, to discolour, to blanch 

di-lol, a, without nonsense, without 
humbug 

tdilon, a, cheerless, dismal 

tdilorf, af. See dilwfr 

dilorni, v, to abuse, to revile 

dilornwr, wyr, w, abuser, reviler 

diludded, a, unfatigued, untiring 

diluddedu, v, to rid of fatigue 

di-iun, a, shapeless, slovenly 

dilunwch, n, slovenliness 

diluw, n. See dilyw 



DILL 

tdilwch, a, unsullied, pure 

tdilwfr, fl, intrepid, bold: /. dilofr 

dilwgr, «, uncorrupted; pure, genuine 

tdilwrf, a. See dilwfr 

dilwybr, a, patliless, trackless 

dilwydd, nf, the celandine 

tdilwyf, n, firewood, fuel 

fdilwyn, v, to give or yield up; to 
shed 

dilwytho, V, to unload, to unburden 

dilychwin, a, unsoiled, unsullied, spot- 
less, immaculate 

tdilyd, tdilid. v, to follow; to pursue 

tdilyfn, (x= dilin 

dilyffethair, a, unlettered 

diiyn, i;, to follow, to follow after; to 
pursue ; to prosecute ; to imitate 

dilyniad, w, following, succession, se- 
quence; imitation 

dilynol, a, following; consequent, sub- 
sequent 

dilynwr, wyr, dilynydd -ion, n, follower, 
adherent; imitator 

tdilyrbren, >i, a second lot or choice (legal) 

dilys, a, certain, sure, genuine, valid. 
fY pridd dilys, the very earth. Yn 
ddilys ddtameu, most assuredly 

fdilysiant, a, without e.xception or ex- 
clusion ; certain 

dilysrwydd, n, certainty ; authenticity, 
genuineness ; warranty, security 

dilysu, V, to certify, to warrant, to guar- 
antee 

fdilysu, V, to abandon, to relinquish, 
to renounce (llysu) 

dilyth, a, not feeble; unfailing; un- 
flagging 

dilyw, diluw, n, deluge, flood 

dilywio, V, to flood, to deluge 

dilywodraeth, a, unruly; lawless; an- 
archical; uncontrolled, uncontrollable 

dillad, np, clothes, clothing, apparel, 
raiment. (1 he nouti is properly sing- 
ular: hence the plural dilladau) 

dilladu, V, to clothe, to dress 

dilladwr, wyr, dilledydd -ion, n, clothier; 
tailor 

tdillata, v=^ dil adu 

dilledyn, ;;, a garment 

tdillin, n, plaything, jewel 

tdillwng, V, to let go, to release, to 
dismiss; to loose; to absolve 

tdillyngdod, n, release; remission; abso- 
lution 

152 



_ DILL 

dillyn, a, smart, trim, retined, elegant, 
chaste: -ion, n, ornament, diilynion, 
beauties, gems 

dillynaidd, a, retmed, tasteful, elegant 

dillynder, n, refinement, elegance 

tdillynes -au, nf, fine lady 

dim, ", anyihmg; something; ev-ery- 
thing; trifle; nothing, none: a, any; 
no: ad, any; no, none; at all. Dim 
yn y byd, nothing at all. Dyfod i 
ddtm, to come to nouglit. Heb ameu 
dim, nothing doubting Heb ganddo 
ddim i dalu, having nothing to pay. 
I'r dim, exactly. Ni aliaf fi ddim, 
I cannot (at all). Vwch law pob 
dim, above all things. N.B. — dim 
is essentially affirmative and not 
negative in its signification, but like 
the French pas and plus it has ac- 
quired an idiomatic negative force 

tdim, n. Dim wy, pellicle inside eggshell 

dimai, eiau, nf, halfpenny 

dimeiwerth -au, nf, halfpennyworth 

dimwnt, n, diamond 

tdimyn, », dim. of dim 

dinag, dinâg, a, without exception or re- 
fusal; without gainsaying (Acts x. 29) 

dlaam, a, without exceptionf; faultless, 
flawless, perfect 
jíŵ dinas -oedd, n & nf, city; fortressf 
v^^W^inasaidd, «.Tivil, civic 
' dinasfraint, freintiau, nf, freedom or 

pri\'ilege of a city ; citizenship 

dinasol, a, belonging to a city; municipal 

tdinastref, nf, fortified town, fortress 

dinaswr, wyr, n, citizen 

dinasyddiaeth, nf, citizenship ; munici- 
pality 

dinatnrio, v, to denature, to denaturalize 

dinawed, ewaid, ewyd, ;i=dyniawed. 
fDinewyd y môr, sea-calves, seals 

dincod, n, teeth on edge (Jar. xx?;i. 29) 

dincodyn, dincod, n, pip or kernel ; seed 
íNum. vi. 4Ì 

tdiueilltuol, a, indifferent 

dinerth, a, powerless, impotent, reeble, 
weak 

dinerthedd, ;;, impotence, feebleness 

dinerthu, v, to weaken, to enfeeble 
rt dinesig, a, belonging to a city; civil, 
ilJ"^ civic. Brethyn dinesig, broadcloth 

dinesydd, dinasyddion, n, citizen, denizen 

tdineu, v, to pour out, to shed, to effuse, 
to spill ; to cast 



DIO 



tdineudawd, n, outpouring, effusion 
tdinldf, a, without delay or hindrance 
dinistr -au, n, destruction (frequently 

but less correctly written dinystr) : 

v= dinistrio 
dinistriad, n, destroying, destruction 
dinistrio, V, to destroy 
dinistriol, a, destroying, destructive 
dinistr(i)wr, wyr, dinistrydd -ion, n, 

destroyer 
diniwed, a, harmless, innocent 
diniweidrwydd, n, innocence 
dinod, a, of no note or mark; obscure, 

insignificant; without brand or stigma 
dinodedd, n, insignificance; obscurity 
tdinodus, a= dinod 

dinoethi, v, to bare, to denude, to expose 
dinoethiad -au, n. denudation, ex- 
posure 
tdinwyth, a, harmless 
dinych, a, without ailment; healthy 
dinystr, etc. See dinistr 
diobaith, a, without hope, hopeless 
tdiobeithio, v, to despair 
tdiober, a, worthless, useless 
tdiod, î', to put off, to divest, to re- 

mo\e 
diod -ydd, nf, drink, beverage. Diod 

fain, small beer. — gadarn, strong 

drink 
diodi, V, to give drink 
fdiodid, a, not dubious, without doubt, 

certain 
tdiodles, n, gift of drink, etc., at funeral 

(diodlestr) 
diodlestr -i, n, drinking-cup 
diodlyn -noedd, n, beverage 
diod-offrwm, ymau, n, drink-olfering, 

libation (Num. vi. 17) 
diod-offrymu, v. to offer as drink- 
offering, to pour out as libation 

(2 Sam. xxiii. 16) 
fdiodor, a, without interruption or 

delav 
tdiodrydd, a, given to drinking ' 
tdiod wr, wyr, n, drinker, tippler 
diodwydd, up (-en, nf), laurels, bays 
dioddef, v, to suffer, to bear, to abide, to 

endure; to curb one's impatience, to 

wait 
dioddef t-au -iadau, n, suffering 
dioddefaint, tdioddefiant, n, suffering, 

passion 
tdioddefedig, a, suffering: n, sufferer 
153 



DIO DIR 

tdioddefedigaeth, n/, sufíering, passion diolch, v, to thank, to give thanks 

dioddefgar, dioddefus, a, patient, for- fdiolchad, n, thanksgiving 

bearing, long-suffering diolchgar, a, thankful, grateful; obliged 
dioddefgarwch, n, patience, forbearance diolchgarwch. )i, thankfulness, thanks- 
dioddefol, rt, bearable, tolerable; passive giving, gratitude. Pleidlais o ddiolch- 
dioddefus, a. See dioddefgar garwck, vote of thanks 
dioddefwr, dioddefydd, wyr, n, sufferer, diolchiad -au, n, thanking, thanks- 
patient giving, diolchiadau, thanks, thanks- 
tdioddeifaint, tdioddeifiaint, suffering, givings 

passion tdiolchus, a= diolchgar 

dioed, «, without delay, immediate fdioledig, a, banished, exiled 

tdioer, a, warm, fervent tdioludd, a, unobstructed; immediate 

tdioer, ad, verily, certainly, truly fdiolwch, n & i^= diolch 

fdioes, v.def, aor. tense, interpreted diolwg, a, sightless; plain; unpromising 

diofal, a, careless; secure; funny, fa- diomedd, a, without refusing, un- 

cetious (dial.) grudging, liberal, free 

fdiofalu, V, to become careless; to make diorchwyl, a, unemployed 

secure diorffen, a, endless, perpetual 

tdiofalus, a, negligent diorffwys, a, restless, ceaseless, ooo- 

diofalwch, n, negligence, carelessness; tinual 

security {2 Mace. xi. 30) tdiormail, diormes, a, unoppressed, un- 

fdiofer, a, not vain or useless molested 

diofn, (I, fearless, undaunted fdiorn, a, fearless; peaceful 

fdiofryd (s. i, dioferaf), v, to vow diorseddu, v, to dethrone; to depose 

diofryd, /Í, vow, binding oath; ban, taboo dioruchwyliaeth, a, uncultivated, ua- 

diofrydbeth, n, accursed thing, taboo disciplined; (of hair) unkempt 

(Ji)s. vi. 18) fdiorwag, a, free from vanity; serious, 

diofrydog, a, devoted, vowed, votive sober, earnest 

tdiofrydol, a, votive; devoted fdioryfyg, a, unpresuming; incurious 

diofrydu, v, to vow, to devote; to ban, di-os, a, indubitable, doubtless 

t') taboo diosg, V, to undress, to put off, to strip, 

diofrydwr, wyr, u, devotee, votary to divest 

diog, a, lazy, slothful, sluggish, indolent, fdiosgl, fdiosgli, v, to strip, to take off 

slow -fdiosgryn, a, firm, stable; permanent, 

tdiogan, a, reproachless perpetual 

diogel, a, safe, secure; sure, certain; fdiosymdaith, a, without provision 

great, considerable. Ceiyn diogel, a diota, r. to tipple 

good bit (S.W.) diotach, n, tippling 

tdiogeiedd, n=diogelwch diotgar, diotlyd, a, given to drinking, 

diogelfa, feydd, }if, safe place; safe bibulous 

fdiogelhau, v= dlogelu diotwr, wyr, n, drinker, tippler 

tdiogelrwydd, «=diogelwch dioty, tai, n, ale-house, public-house 

dlogelu, V, to make safe, to secure, to fdiowryd, n= diofryd 

guard; to assure, to certify tdiowrydu, i;= diofrydu 
diogelwch, n, security, safety jdipton -au, nf, diphthong 
diogi, II, idleness, laziness, sloth: v, to be fdir, a, certain, sure, true, necessary, in- 
idle or lazy; to idle evitable: >t, truth; necessity; com- 
dloglyd, 'i, lazy, slothful, sluggish, in- pulsion, restraint; hardship, oppres- 

dolent sion 

diogyn, n, idler, lazy one, sluggard diradd, a, having no degree or rank, 

tdiohir, a, without delay ignoble 

jdiol, î;=deoI diraddiad, n, degradation 

diolch -au -iadau, n, thanks, thanks- diraddio, v, to degrade 

giving diraddiol, a, degrading 

154 



Sj^LoJi^^t^ OwC/ŵtl 



DIR 



DIR 



diragfarn, a, unpredijuce 
diragfyfyr, a, unpremeditated, im- 
promptu 
diragrith, a, without hypocrisy, un- 
feigned, sincere 
diragrithrwydd, «, sincerity 
diranedig, a, undivided, indivisible 
diras, a, graceless 

dirasrwydd, «, gracelessness, profligacy 
dirboen -au, nf, extreme pain, torture 
dirboeni, v, to excruciate, to torture 
dirboenus, a, excruciating, agonizing 
tdirdan, n, binding fire 
dlrdost, a, acrid, sharp, pungent 
tdirdra, n, hardship, outrage, violence 

(Judith xiv. i8) 
dirdyniad -au, n, torture dirdyniadau, 

convulsions 
dirdynnol, a, excruciating 
dlrdynnu, v, to rack, to torture 
dlreidi, n, mischievousness, mischief; 

naughtiness; wickednessf ; malicef 
direidas, n, mischievous 
tdireidwr, wyr, n, wastrel, scamp 
direol, a, irregular, disorderly, unruly 
direoleiddiad, n, decontrol 
direoleiddio, v, to decontrol 
direswm, a, irrational. Creadur di- 

reswm, brute beast 
dirfaint, «, greatness, extreme bulk 
dirfawr, a, very great, vast, huge, im- 
mense, enormous 
dirfawredd, n, vastness, immenseness 
tdirfing, a=durfing 
dirgel, a, secret, private, o'cnlt 
dirgel -ion -oedd, «, secret place or 

thing 
dirgelaidd, a, secret, mysterious; mys- 
tical 
dirgeledig, a, hidden, concealed, secret; 

secluded, private; mystic(al) 
tdirgeledigaeth -au, «/, mystery, secret 
tdirgeledigrwydd, w, mystery, secrecy 
fdirgeledd -au, n, secrecy; mystery 
dirgelfa -oedd, feydd, dirgelfan -nau, nf, 

secret place; retreat, recess 
dirgelrwydd, «= dirgelwcb 
dirgelu, v, to secrete, to conceal, to hide 
dirgelwch, n, secrecy, mystery, secret 
tdirglwyf -au, n, extreme aching, agony 
dirgryniad -au, »;, tremor, vibration 
dirgrynol, a, vibrant 
dirgrynu, v, to tremble violently, to 
vibrate , to convulse 



dirgymell, v, to press, to urge 

tdiriaid, fdiried, a, mischievous, unlucky; 
wicked, impious: >i, wickedness 

tdiriaid, up, rascals, scoundrels 

tdirieidi, n, wickedness, villainy 

dirif, í7. = dirifedi (mostly poetical) 

dirifedi, a, without number, number- 
less, innumerable, countless 

tdirio, ;', to urge, to press 

dirisgliad -au, n, peeling (Gen. xxx. 37) 

dlrisglo, V, to bark, to peel 

dirmyg, n, contempt, scorn 

dirmygadwy, a, contemptible, despicable 

dirmygedig, a, despised; despicable 

dirmygu, v, to despise, to scorn 

dirmygus, a, contemptuous ; con- 
temptible, despicable 

dirmygwr, wyr, n, despiser, scorner 

dirnad, v, to discern, to comprehend 

dirnadaeth, n/, discernment, compre- 
hension 

dirnadol, a, perceptive 

dirnadwy, a, comprehensible, discernible 

dirodres, a, unostentatious, unassuming 

dirôì, a, unruly 

tdirper, v, to deserve, to merit, to be- 
hove, to befit, to become 

dirprwv -on, n, supply ; substitute ; 
deputy; delegate 

dirprwyaeth -au, nf, commission; depu- 
tation 

dirprwyo, v, to supply another's place 

dirprwyol, a, vicarious 

dirprwywr, wyr, n, deputy, agent, at- 
torney; commissioner 

fdirus, a, undaunted, unhesitating 

tdirwadu, v, to desert 

tdirwaedd, nf, outcry 

dirwasgiad -au, n, depression, as in dir- 
wasgiad amaethyddol 

dirwasgu, v, to press extremely, to crush 

tdirwenu, v, to smile, to laugh 

dirwest -au, fdirweist, n & nf, ab- 
stinence; fastingt, fastt; temperance 

dirwestiaeth, nf, temperance 

dirwestol, a, temperance 

dirwestu, v, to abstain, to fast 

dirwest wr, wyr, h, abstainer 

dirwesty, tai, n, temperance-house 

dirwgnach, a, unmurmuring, ungrudging 

dirwy -on, nf, penalty, fine 

dirwyn, v, to wind, to twist, to twine 

dirwynen -nau -ni, nf, screw 

dirwynwr, wyr, «, winder 

IS5 



DIR 

dirwyo, v, to fine, to amerce, to mulct 

dirwyog, a, fined, finable 

dirwyol, a, pertaining to a fine (Amos 

ii. 8) 
dirwystr, a, unhindered, unobstructed 
dirybudd, a, witiiout notice, sudden 
tdiryfedd, a, passing strange 
fdiryfedd, a, not strange 
dirym, a, powerless, feeble, weak; void 
dirymiad, n, 'disannulling' (Heb. vii. i8) 
tdirymiant, a, impotent, feeble 
dirymu, v, to nullify, to annul, to cancel 
diryw, a, degenerate, debased 
dirywiad, n, degeneration, deterioration 
dirywiaeth, n/, degeneracy 
dirywiedig, a, degenerate, debased 
dirywio, v, to degenerate, to deteriorate 
dirywiol, a, degenerate, retrograde 
dis -iau, H, die, dice 

disail, a, unfounded, gr.mndless, base- 
less 
tdisalrwydd, n, abundance 
tdisalwaith, a, splendid, illustrious 
tdisanctaidd, a, unholy 
fdisas, a, vile, mean, ignoble 
disathr, a, untrodden, unfrequented, 

solitary (Ps. cvii. 4) 
disbaddu, v, to castrate, to geld; to 

spay 
disbaddwr, wyr, n, castrator 
disbaidd, a. castrated 
tdisbeilio, V, to unsheathe 
disbeiiiio, V, to divest of; to pillage. 
Disbeinio ffa, PHsgo ffa, to shell 
beans ( = N.W. colloq. sbinio) 
disberod, n & a, wandering, astray 
tdisbwyil, n, discretion, prudence 
tdisbwyllawd, a, skilful 
tdisbwyllo, V, to make wise; to cure, to 

heal; to preserve 
disbydd, a, dried up (Ecclus. xl. 13) 
disbyddu, v, to evacuate, to exhaust, to 

empty 
tdisegur, a, without idleness, active 
diserch, a, loveless, unamiable ; cross 
fdiserennu (tdisserennu), v, (of the 
eyes) to ' see stars,' to spark, to 
sparkle 
tdiserfyll, a, unwavering, firm, stead- 
fast 
tdiserth, n, hermitage, retreat, asylum 
tdisgethrin, a, rough, sharp, harsh 
disglair, a, splendid, bright, brilliant, 
dazzling, glittering ; clear 



DIS 

disgleinio, v, to shine, to glitter, to 
sparkle 

disgleirdeb, disçleirder. n, brightness, 
brilliance, splendoLir 

disgleiriad -au, n, shining. disgleir- 
iadau, ' bright spots ' (Lev. xiii. 39) 

disgleirio, v, to glitter, to shine 

disgleirwych, a, brilliant, resplendent 

disgleirwyn, a, brilliantly white: /. 
disgleirwen 

disgloEF, a, free from lameness 

tdisgowen, a=disgywen 

fdisgrailu, v, to let go, to disengage, 
to loose 

tdisgrain, a, wallowing 

fdisgreeh, », shriek, scream, howl 

jdisgrechu, v, to shriek, to scream, to 
howl 

disgrifiad -au, ii, description 

disgrifiadol, a, descriptive 

disgrifio, V, to describe 

disgwyl -ion, n, expectation; watch 

disgwyl, V, to look, to expect, to wait; 
to Witch (Jer. XVM. en 

tdisgwylfa, eydd, »/, place of observa- 
tion, watch-tower 

disgwylgar, a, watchful, expectant 

disgwyliad -au, n, expectation ; look, 
appearance (2 Mace. iii. 21) ■" 

tdisgwyliawdr, odron, n, watcher, keep- 
er, guardian 

disgwyliwr, wyr, n, expecter 

disgybl -ion, n, disciple, pupil. Disgybl- 
athro, pupil teacher 

disgyblaeth, nr, discipline, discipjeship 

disgyblaetîiol, a, disciplinary 

disgyblaidd, a, disciplined, docile 

disgybles -au, n/, female disciple or 
pupil 

disgyblu, V, to discipline. fl)isgyb!u 
wrth, to copy from, to imitate 

disgyblwr, wyr, n, discipliner, disciplia- 
arian 

fdisgyfrith, a, loose, unbridled, unre- 
strained, uncontrolled, wild 

tdisgyfrith(i)o, v, to let loose 

fdisgymon, n, combustible, kindling 
disgyn, v, to descend, to alight ; to fall, 
to drop; to let down; to pounce, to 
swoop 

disgynfa, feydd, iif, descent, declivity; 

landing-place 
tdisgynfaen, n, horse-block 
disgyniad -au, h, descending, descent 

156 



DIS 



DIW 



tdisgynial, v, to descend 
disgynnol, a, descending 
fdisgynnu, v, to descend, to alight; to 

decide 
disgynnydd, gynyddion, n, descendant 
tdisgyr, «, shriek, scream, cry, wail 
disgyrchiad, disgyrchiant, n, gravita- 
tion, gravity 
disgyrchu, v, to gravitate 
tdisgyriain, v, to wail : n, wailing 
tdisgyrio, v, to scream, to shriek, to 

wail 
tdisgyrnu, v, to grin, to snarl, to 

gnash 

fdisgywen, a, smiling; bright, splendid 

disigl, a, unshaken, firm, steadfast; 

' which cannot be moved ' (Heb. 

xii. 23) 

tdisiomedig, a, that cannot be deceived, 

infallible 
disiwr, wyr, u, dice-player 
tdismed, «, dish-meat 
tdismythu, v, to vanish, to disappear 
dlsodli, V, to trip up, to supplant 
disôn, a, without mention; without 

noisef 
dist -iau, n, joist, beam 
dlstadl, a, insignificant, low, base, mean, 

contemptible (i Cor. i. 28) 
distadledd n, insignificance, obscurity 
tdistadlu, V, to depreciate, to despise 
distain, einiaid, n, steward 
distaw, a, silent; quiet, calm, soft. Yn 

ddistaw bach, on the quiet 
distawrwydd, n, silence, quiet 
disteiniaefh -au, »/, steward^Iiip 
distewi, V, to silence; to calra, to quiet; 

to liold one's peare 
tdistreulio, v, to sprinkle, to asperse 
tdistrewi, v, to sneeze 
tdistrych, n, foam, spume, froth 
distryw, ;i, destruction, desolation, ruin: 

r^ distrywio 
tdistrywedigaeth, n/, destruction 
distrywgar, a, wasteful, destructive 
distrywiad, n, destroying, destruction 
distrywio, v, to destroy, to demolish 
distrywiol, a, destroying, destructive 
distry wiwr, distry wydd, wyr, n, destroyer, 

demolisher 
distry wus, a, destroying, destructive 
distyll -ion, n, dropping, distillation, 

distillate; ebb, low-water 
distylita -oedd, feydd, n/, distillery 



distylliad, n, distillation 

distyllio, distyllu, v, to distil 

distyllwr, distyllydd, wyr, n, distiller 

tdistyru, &c. See diystyru 

disut, a, out of order; unwell; small 

diswta, a, sudden, abrupt 

diswydd, a, without office, idle 

tdiswyddau, a, unofificial, private 

diswyddiad -au, «, dismissal 

diswyddo, v, to remove from office; to 

dismiss, to discharge, to depose 
tdiswyddogi, v= diswyddo 
+ diswyn. v, to appease, to propitiate 
tdiswys, a, senseless 
disyched, a, without thirst, thirstless 
disychedu, v, to quench thirst 
tdisyfaid, fdisyfed, a=disyfyd 
disyfl, a, immovable, impregnable 
disyfyd, a, sudden, instantaneous, un- 
expected 
disylw, a, heedless, inattentive ; un- 
noticed, unobserved; insignificant 
disylwedd, a, unsubstantial, unreal 
disyml, a, artless, ingenuous, simple, 

plain 
disymlder, disymldra, disymlrwydd n, 

simplicity, plainness 
disymwth, a, sudden, abrupt, instan- 
taneous 
tdisyndod, a, sudden, unexpected 
disynhwyro, v, to deprive of sense 
disynnwyr, a, senseless, foolish, fatuous 
ditaen, n, dittany 
tditian, tditianu, tditio, v, to utter, to 

express; to indict 
tdithrychu, v, to pierce through 
diurddo, v, to deprive of orders, to 

unfrock 
tdiw, fduw, tdyw, -iau, n, day 
diwad, a, without denial, undeniable 
tdiwael, a, not vile or base; grand 
diwaelod, a, bottomless. Y pwll di- 
waelod, the bottomless pit, the abyss 
diwaelodi, v, to clear of dregs; to dredge 
tdiwaethaf, a=diweddaf (dial, dwytha') 
diwahân, a, undivided, inseparable, in- 
divisible ; indiscriminate 
diwahaniaeth, a, without distinction, in- 
discriminate 
tdiwahanol, a, without distinction, in- 
discriminate; inseparable 
diwahardd, a, unforbidden; ungrudging 
diwair, a, continent, chaste; faithfult 
loyalt 

157 



d^A'O^JUiûfw.ií,^. ? yu,^^díix4..i soX^^ 



DIW 



DIW 



diwaith, a, without work, unemployed 

tdiwala, a, insatiable 

fdiwala, a, feeble, puny 

diwall, a, not lacking, perfect ; satisfied; 
well-supplied; abundant; careful, dili- 
gent 

tdiwallrwydd, n, abundance, plenty; 
care, diligence 

tdiwalltrain, tdifalltrain, v, to lavish, 
til squander, to waste, to destroy 

diwallu, V, to supply; to satisfy; to cor- 
rectt 

diwaradwyddo, v, to undisgrace 

div/arafiin, a, ungrudging; without let 
or hindrance; unforbidden 

tdiwarannu, v, to diswarrant, to dis- 
miss one's claim, to nonsuit 

diwarnod -au, rt=diwrnod 

diwarth, a, without reproach, honour- 
able 

diwarthu, v, to clear of reproachf; to 
preserve trom dishonourf; to lay out 
for burial 

diwasanaeth, a, unserviceable, useless 

fdiwasgod, a, without shelter 
% diwedydd, n, end of day, evening 

diwedd -ion, n, end, conclusion, termina- 
tion; purpose! 

diweddaf, a, last, latest 

diweddar, a, late; modern; tardy, slow, 
diweddariaid, moderns; late-comers 

diweddareiddio, v, to modernize 

diweddariaeth, «/, modernism 

diweddrru, v, to modernize 

diweddarwch, ;;, lateness 

diweddglo -ion, n, conclusion 

tdiweddglwm, glymau, n, end, ex- 
tremity, conclusion 

diweddiad -aa, n, ending, conclusion, 
termination 

diweddu, v, to end, to conclude, to close, 
to finish; to lay out for burial 

•fdiweddwr, wyr, n, finisher; last man 

diwegi, a, grave; solid, substantial 

diweinio, v, to unsheathe 

diweirdeb, n, chastity, continence 

diwel, V, to pour, to empty; to tip, to 
upset {S.W. colloq.) 

tdiwellig, a, unfailing 

diweniaith, a, without flattery, sincere 

diwenwyn, a, free from poison, not 
venomous; not jealous; not peevish 

tdiwerin, a, without followers 

diwerth, a, worthless, valueless 



tdiwestl, a, without tumult, calm 

diwethaf, a= diweddaf 

dîwg, a, not frowning; without anger; 

placid 
tDiwiau, n, Thursday (mod. Diflau) 
diwinydd -ion, n, theologian, divine 
diwinyddiaeth, nl, theology, divinity 
diwinyddol, a, theological 
tdiwladaidd, a, urbane, polished 
tdiwladeiddio, v, to expatriate, to banish 
diwiith, diwlydd, nf, true maidenliair 
diwlydd, a, without vegetation 
fdiwlydd, a, without gentleness; bleak 
diwnîad, a, seamless (John xix. 23) 
tdiwosgo, a, unflinching 
diwregysu, v, to ungird 
diwreiddio, v, to uproot, to eradicate 
diwreiddiwr, wyr, diwreiddydd -ion, n, 

uprooter, eradicator 
diwrnod -au -iau, n, day 
diwrnodol, a, diurnal 
diwrthbrawf, a, irrefutable, irrefragable 
diwrthdro, a, irreversible, irrevocable, 

inexorable 
fdiwrthgloch, fdiwrtligroch, a, court- 
eous, polite 
fdiwrthnysig, a, not obstinate or stub- 
born 
fdiwrthred, a, without opposition 
fdiwrthred, n, ignominy, indignity 
tdiwrthrwm, a, convenient 
tdiwrthwyneb, a, without opposition; 

unresisting 
dlwrthwynebiad, a, unopposed 
tdiwryg, a, infirm, feeble 
diwybod, a, unknowing, ignorant 
tdiwybr, a, cloudless, clear 
diwyd, rt, assiduous, dihgent, indus- 
trious, sedulous, persevering; faith- 
ful 1, devotedt 
tdiwyd -ion, n, faithful one, adherent, 

follower 
diwydianiaeth, nf, industrialism 
diwydiannol, a, industrial 
diwydiant, iannau, n, industry, usually 
m the plural — diwydiannau, industries 
diwydrwydd, «.diligence, industry ; faith- 

fulnessi-, devotiont 
tdiwydwr, wyr, n, faithful one 
diwyg, /!, form, trim; attire, dress, garb 
fdiwygad -au, n, form, shape, fashion, 

manner, image, likeness 
fdiwygadu, v, to form, to shape, to 



fashion 



r lUfU Ch^''^^-'^^ 



DIW 

diwygiad -au, n, reform at ion, reform; 

improvement, emendation; revival 
fdiwygiad, n, dress, attire, garb; form, 

manner, bearing 
diwygiadol, a, reformatory; revivalistic 
diwygiedig, a, reformed ; revised 
diwygio, V, to correct, to amend, to re- 
form, to improve, to emend, to revise 
diwygiol, a, corrective, reformatory 
diwygiwr, wyr, n, reformer; revivalist 
tdiwygu, î^= diwygio 
tdiwyl, a, unabashed, fearless, bold; 

impudent 
fdiwyll, a, clear, plain 
tdiwyll -au -ion, n, cultivation, culture; 

cult, worship 
tdiwyll, n, a religious, a devotee 
diwylliad, n, cultivation, culture; cultf, 

worshipt 
diwylliadol, a, promoting culture. Cym- 
deiihas ddiwylliadol, mutual improve- 
ment society 
diwylliant, n, cultivation, culture 
tdiwylliawdr, odron, n, tiller, cultivator 
diwylliedig, a, cultured 
diwyllio, V, to cultivate; to worshipt 
diwylliwr, diwyllydd, wyr, n, cultivator; 

worshippert 
tdiwyllodraeth, «/, cultivation, tillage 
tdiwyn, v, to trim or comb (hair) 
tdiwyn, v, to bless 
tdiwyndeb, n, blessedness 
diwyno, v, to mar, to spoil; to sully, to 

dirty, to soil (Cant. v. 3) 
tdiwyrgam, a, straightforward, direct 
diwyrni, diwyro, a, undeviating, un- 
swerving, straight 
tdiymadaw, a, that does not leave, 

desert or forsake 
diymadferth, a, without force or energy; 

inactive; helpless 
diymannerch, a, silent ; without a word; 

without ceremony 
diymarbed, a, unsparing, ceaseless 
tdiymarbod, a, unprepared; unmindful, 

mconsiderate 
diymaros, a, without delay 
diymatal, a, unceasing, unremitting 
diymbaid, a, ceaseless 
tdiymdawr, a, heedless, indifierent 
tdiymdor, a, without a break, unbroken 
diymdrech, a, without effort, effortless 
diymdro, a, straight, immediate 
diymdroi, a, without delay, immediate 



DOB 

diymddiried, a, unreliable, untrust- 
worthy 
tdiymer, a, indifierent, impartial 
diymflrost, a, boastless, unassuming 
diymgais, a, effortless, easy-going 
diymgeledd, a, succourless, destitute 
diymhongar, a, unassuming, unpre- 
tentious, unostentatious, unambitious 
diymhongarwch, n, unostentatiousness 
tdiymliw, a, without reproach 
diymod, a, immovable, immobile, mo- 
tionless; steadfast, ' unmovable ' (i 
Cor. XV. 58) 
diymodrwydd, w, immobility; stead- 
fastness 
diymofal, a=diofal 
tdiymogor, a, homeless, houseless 
tdiymosgryd, tdiymosgryn, a, intrepid, 

fearless, dauntless 
tdiymsathr, a, untrodden, unfrequented 
diymwad, a, undeniable, indisputable 
diymwared, a, without escape, unes- 

capable 
diymysgaru, v, to disembowel, to evis- 
cerate 
diynni, a, without vigour, inert 
tdiysbeilio, v, to unsheathe 
diysbryd, a, spiritless, dispirited, lifeless 
diysgog, a, immovable, steadfast, firm, 

stable 
diysgogrwydd, n, steadfastness, stability 
diystyr, a, inconsiderate; unmeaning, 
meaningless; unimportant; contemp- 
tuous; contemptible 
diystyrlaeth, a, inconsiderate, thought- 
less, heedless: «/t, inconsideration ; 
c&ntemptibility 
diystyrllyd, a, contemptuous, disdainful, 

scornful; contemptiblet, despisedt 
diystyru, v, to disregard; to despise, to 

scorn 
diystyrwch, «, disregard, contempt, dis- 
dain, scorn 
diystyrwr, wyr, n, despiser, scorner 
died -ion, w/, debt; duty=dyled 
dledswydd, w/= dyledswydd 
dledus, a= dyledus 
tdlif, n= dylif 
do, ad, yes, yea (in answer to questions 

in aorist tense) 
dobio, V, to beat, to strike, to wallop, 

to pelt 
tdobr -au, tdobrwy -on, n, bribe; fee 
tdobri, tdobrwyo, v, to bribe; to fee 
159 



DOC 

tdoco, ad, yonder, lo yonder (dacw) 

doctor 'iaid, n, doctor, physician 

doctora, v, to doctor 

doctoraidd, a, doctoral, doctorial 

doctores -au, «/, lady doctor 

dod. i;=dyfod 

dodi, V, to put, to lay, to deposit, to 
place, to set; to give 

dodiad, n, putting, placing; giving 

dodo, uf, aunt (fam.) 

dodrefn, en (dodrefnyn, w), furniture 

dodretnu, v, to furnish 

dodrefnwr, wyr, n, furnisher 
dodwy, V, to lay eggs 

tdoddoedd, tdothoedd, v, he had come 

tdoddyw, tdothyw, v, he has come 

doe, ad, yesterday. Y ddoe, yesterday. 

Bi'ie ddoe, yesterday morning 
tdoedyd, v, to say, to speak=dywedyd 
doeth, y=daeth 

doeth -ion, a, wise, sage, prudent, 

sapient, doethion, wise men, sages; 

Magi 

tdoethder, n, sagacity, sapience, wisdom 

doethineb, n & n/, wisdom, sapience; 

sagacity; discretion 
tdoethinebus, a, sapient, wise 
doethor, doethur -iaid, n, doctor 
doethwr, wyr, n, wise man, sage 
doethyn, n, wiseacre 
dof, ÍÍ, tame, trained, domesticated, 

domestic; garden (of plants) 
tdofaeth, nf, domesticity 
dofednod, np, fowls, poultry 
dofi, V, to tame; to domesticate; to as- 
suage; to appease; to subduef 
tdofiawdr, odron, n, tamer, subduer 
doîn, af, deep: m. dwfn" 
tdofod, n, a find; treasure trove 
tdotríaìeth, nf, lodging, quarters, billet 
tdofreithiwr, wyr, n, billeted soldier 
dofwr, wyr, n, tamer, trainer 
tDofydd, n. Lord; God 
tdofyddad, a, ruling 
tdolyddiad, n, rule, dominion 
tdogfen -nau, nf, document 
dogn -au, n, share, allowance, portion, 
ration ; dose ; enough, sufficiency, 
plenty 
tdognder, dognedd, n, abundance, plenty 
dogni, V, to proportion; to apportion; 

to ration 
dol, nf, doll (also babi dol) 
tdôl, dolau, n/, bow, ring; noose, loop 



DOS 

dol, dolydd, doiau, nf. meadow, dale 
doldir -oedd, n, meadow-land 
dolef -au. nl, shout, cry; loud noise 
dolefain, v, to cry out, to bawl 

dolefus, a, wailing; plaintive 

dolen -nau, nf, loop, link, ring, bow 

dolen -nau, dail, nf, leaf (archaic and 
dial, for dalen) 

dolennog, a, ringed, looped, coiled; 
winding, sinuous, meandering 

dolennu, v, to form a ring; to loop; to 
wuid, to meander 

doler -i, nf, dollar 

dolur -iau, n, ache, pain, sore; ailment, 
disease; grief. Dolur rhydd, diarrhoea 

dolurio, V, to pain, to ache, to grieve, 
to hurt, to wound 

dolurus, a, painful, sore; grievous 

tdolystain, ysteiniau, n, trill, quaver 

tdolysteinio, v, to trill, to quaver 

tdolystum -iau, n, bend, curve, loop 

tdolystumio, v, to bend, to curve; to 
wind, to meander 

dom, n=tom 

dondio, V, to taunt, to chide (dial.) 

donio, V, to endow, to gift 

doniog, a, endowed, gifted, talented; 
easyt, favourablef, advantageoust, 
fortunatef 

doniol, a, gifted; fluent; witty, humor- 
ous 

donioldeb, n, wit, humour 

donioleiddio, v, to indulge in wit 

donioleiddiwch, n, wit (in depreciation) 

doniolwch, n= donioldeb 

dor, dorau, nf, door, ^üôr ddyrchafad, 
portcullis 

tdorfod, V, to be concerned 

dorglwyd -i, nf, gate, hurdle : barrier 
of a door 

fdori, ftori. ". to be concerned or in- 
terested 

tdorlota, v, to fondle 

tdortur -iau, n, dormitory 

tdos -au, n, drop, particle: hence diddos, 
sheltered 

dos, V. imp, go ! comet 

dosbarth -au -iadau, n, reason, dis- 
crimination ; di\'ision; class; order, 
rule; system; district 

tdosbarthedig, a, separate, distinct 

dosbarthiad, n, division; classification; 
distribution; delivery (of letters) 

dosbarthiadol, a, divisional; distributive 

1 60 






DOS 

dosbarthol, a, distributive 

dosbarthu, v, to distinguish, to discrimi- 
nate, to determine; to divide; to 
class, to classify; to distribute; to 
deliver (letters) ; to allot 

dosbarthus, a, orderly, reasonable, ration- 
al; prudent, discreet 

dosbarthwr, wyr, n, analyser; distri- 
butor 

tdosbennu, v, to analyse, to distinguish 

tdosog, it, spotted, mottled 

dosran -nau, nf, division, section 

dosraniad, n, division, separation; ana- 
lysing; analysis 

dosrannu, v, to divide, to separate; to 
analyse 

dot, nf, giddiness, vertigo (S.W.) 

dot -iau, n & nf, dot 

dotio, V, to dot 

dotio, V, to dote, to admire 

dowcfa, nf, dowking, ducking, wetting 

dov/cio, V, to dowk, to duck, to plunge 

dowt -iau, n, doubt 

dowtio, V, to doubt 

drab -iau, n, piece, patch, fragment 

drabio, v, to tear, to mangle, to muti- 
late 

dracmon -au, n, dram (Ezra viii. 27) 

tdrach, pf. See trach 

drachefn, ad. See traohefa 

dracht -iau, n, a draught (of liquor) 

drachtio, v, to drink deep 

draen, pi. drain, n, prickle, thorn 

draenblu, np, down feathers 

tdraened -au, nf, drag-net 

draenen -nau, drain, nf, thorn 

tdraeneta, v, to fish with drag-net 

draenllwyn -i, n, thom-bush, thorn 
brake 

draenog -od, n, hedgehog 

tdraganawl, a=dragonawI 

dragio, v, to drag, to tear, to mangle 

tdragiog, a, torn, ragged 

tdragon -au, n, dragon; leader in war 

tdragonawl, a, leader-like 

tdragwm, tdragwn, n, dragon 

tdragwynawl, a = dragonawl 

draig, dreigiau, nf, dragon 

drain, np. thorns; prickles: s. draen, 
draenen. Ar bigau'r drain, on tenter- 
hooks 

drama, au, odau, nf, drama 

draw, ad, yonder, away, at a distance 

drecsiwn, n, address (cyfeiriad) 



PRO 

drectio, v, to address (cyfeirio) 

tdrechtyn, n, dim. of dracht 

drefa, fâu, nf, twenty-four sheaves, 

thrave 
tdreBon, np, shivers, shatters, fragments. 

Tarri yn ddrefion, to break in pieces 
dreng, a, morose, surly (2 Mace. xiv. 30) 
drengyn, n, surly fellow, churl 
dreigiau, np, lightning without audible 

thunder 
dreigio, v, to lighten without thunder 

or at a distance 
dreinach, dreiniach, np, thorns, prickles 
dreiniog, dreiniol, a, thorny, prickly 
dreiniog, nf, the siskin 
dreinos, np, small prickles 
drel -iaid -od, n, knave; clown; churl 
drel, drelaidd, a, churhsh, boorish, 

clownish 
drelgi, gwn, n, churl, disobliging fellow; 

knave 
tdrem -iau, nf, sight, look, aspect=trem 
tdrewant, fdrewaint, H=drewdod, drewi 
drewdod, drewi, n, stink, stench, fetor 
drewedig, a, stinking, fetid 
tdrewedigrwydd, n, stink, fetor; rot- 
tenness, putridity 
drewg, drewlys, n, poppy 
drewgi, gwn, n, stinkard, skunk 
drewgoed, en, bean trefoil 
drewi, v, to stink; to rotf: n, stink, 

stench, fetor 
drewiant, n = drewdod, drewi 
drewilyd, a, stinking, fetid 
tdrewog, a, toul-smelling, stinking 
tdrewsawr, n, fetor: a, fetid 
drib-drab, ad, drip-drop, in dribblets 
dringad, v, to climb: n, climb 
dringia, feydd, nf, climb; ascent 
dringhedydd, dringiedydd -ion, n, climber 
tdringio, i;=dringo 
tdringl -au, n, pendant, trinket 
dringlyn -nau, n, pendulum 
dringo, dringad, v, to climb 
dringwr, wyr, n, climber 
dringwydd, np (-en, nf), climbers, 

creepers 
tdrinc, tdring, n, ascent 
dromedari -aid, h, dromedary (Esth. 

viii. 10) 
tdromwnt, n, dromond, large medieval 

ship 
dropsi, n, dropsy 
drôr -s, nf, drawer 

161 



PRO 

dros (mutation of tros), pr, over; ior; 

instead of 
drosodd, ad, over 

drud, a, recklessf, daringf, bcldf, val- 
iantf; madt; proudf; severef, soref, 
hardt, grievoust, violentt, vehe- 
mentf; earnest!, ferventf; dear, 
precious, costly, expensive. ■fWylo 
yn ddrud, to weep sore, to weep 
bitterly 
fdrud -ion, n, daring one, brave man, 

hero 
drudaniaeth, n & «/, daringf, wicked- 
nessf ; bcldnessf, violencet; dear- 
ness, dearth, scarcity 
fdrudfaith, ■/, lony and toilsome; 

precious 
drudfawr, a, costly, expensive; valiantf 
tdrudiant, n, boldness 
drudwen -nod, adar drudwy, nf, starling 
drudwy, pi. drudwys, n, starling 
drum, n, ridge=trum 
drŵ, drwia, drŵbô, i, cattle-calls 
drwg, drygau, n, evil, mischief; harm, 
hurt, injury; blame, censure. Cael 
drwg, to be blamed, scolded, or 
punished. Drwg gennyf, I am sorry 
drwgdybiaeth -au, "/, suspicion 
drwgdybied, drwgdybio, v, to suspect 
drwgdybus, a, suspicious 
drwghaeddiant, n, demerit 
drwgweithredwr, wyr, n, evil-doer, 

malefactor; culprit, felon 
drws, drysau, n, door, doorway 
tdrwthred, n=diwrthred 
drwy, pr, through=;trwy 
drycin -oedd, nf, foul weather, tem- 
pest 
drycinllyd, drycinog, a, stormy, tem- 
pestuous, foul, rough 
tdrycio, v, to become bad 
drycsawr, n, bad smell, stench, fetor 
drycsawrus, a, evil-smelling, unsavoury, 

stinking, fetid 
fdrycserch, n, hate, hatred 
tdryctyb, drwg-dybiau, n & nf, suspicion 
tdrycwynt, n, bad smell, stench 
tdrycysurio, v, to grieve 
drych -au, n, sight, appearance, aspect; 
spectacle; mirror; object, pattern. 
Drych Gwener, com bell-flower. 
■f Drych meirionig, scarecrow 
tdrychafael, v= dyrchafael 
drychfeddwl, feddyliau, n, idea 



DRY 

drychiolaeth-an, nf, apparition, phantom 
drygair, n, evil word ; ill report ; scandal 
tdryganiaeth, nf, badness, evil, wicked- 
ness (Deut. XXV. 2) 
tdryganian, nf, passion ; bad temper 
jdryganianu, v, to fly into a passion 
tdryganianus, a, passionate 
drygchwant -au, n, evil desire (Col. iii. 5) 
drygddyn -ion, n, bad man, scoundrel 
drygedd, n, vice, evil 
drygfawr, a, malign; heinous 
drygfoes -au, nf, ill manners 
drygfyd, n, adversity 
drygioni, n, wickedness, badness, mis- 
chief 
drygionus, a, vicious, wicked, bad; 

mischievous 
fdryglam -au, n, mischance, mishap 
fdrygnad -au, nf, howl, howling, yell 
fdrygnadu, v, to howl, to yell 
drygnaws, nf, evil disposition ; passion, 

spleen: a, malevolent 
fdrygnawsus, a, angry, petulant 
drygsawr, «= drycsawr 
drygu, V, to hurt, to harm, to injure, 

to damage 
drygwaith, n, wickedness, mischief 
tdrygwaith, n, wicked look, evil coun- 
tenance 
tdrygwas, weision, n, evil-doer, evil 

one 
drygwr, wyr, n, bad man; harmer, 

injurer: / drygwraig 
fdrygwynt, n, bad smell, stench 
tdrygyrferth, v, to shriek, to howl, to 

wail, to lament, to mourn 
tdrygyrferthu, i;= drygyrferth 
tdrygyrferthus, a, howling, lamenting 
dryll -iau, n, piece, fragment, part, por- 
tion; gun, rifle 
drylliach, np, dribblets, snips 
drylliad -au, n, breaking; wreck 
drylliedig, a, broken, shattered, contrite 
dryllio, v, to break in pieces, to shatter 
drylliog, a, shattered, broken; over- 
come with emotion, contrite 
drylliwr, wyr, n, breaker, shatterer 
drymio, v, to drum, to strum; to pum- 
mel 
dryntol -au, nf, the ear or handle of a 

cup, pot, or jug; latch, door-knob 
tdrys, n=drysi 

drysi, np (îen, nf), thorns, briers. 
Drys'ien her, sweet brier 

162 



DRY 



DWB 



drysor -ion, n, door-keeper, porter 

drysores -au, n/, door-keeper, portress 

drysu, etc. See dyrysu 
w tdryswch, n, briers, brambles 
^ tdrythyll, «, wanton, lascivious; spirited 
(mod. trythyll) 

fdrythyllu, v, to wanton 

tdrythyllwch, fdrythyllwg, n, wanton- 
ness, lasciviousness; luxury, indul- 
gence, pleasure 

tdrythyliwr, wyr, n, wanton, sensualist, 
voluptuary 

dryw -od, n & n/, wren. — y ddaear, 
— wen, willow-wren, — y coed, wood- 
wren 

tdrywon, np, seers 

du, a, black, sable; gloomy: n, black; 

f' inkt (Ezek. ix. 2) 

duad, n, blacking 

dnad, n, bay in a building; length of 
ridge in ploughed land 

due -iaid, n, duke 

tduder, n, blackness 

dudew, a, thick and black 

tduddel, a, black and grim 

duedd, n, blackness 

dueg, nf, spleen, melancholy 

duegwst, nf, melancholia, hypochondria 

fdufrech, nf, scall (Lev. xiii. 31) 

dug, V, he bore or brought (aorist of 
dwyn) 

dug -iaid, n, leader; duke 

tdugawd, n, leadership 

duges -au, nf, duchess 

dugiaeth -au, nf, dukedom, duchy 

duglwyd, ni, rest-harrow 

dugoch, a, dark red, deep red 

fdugum, V, I brought 

tdul -iau, n, bang, thump, beat 

dulas, a, blackish blue; raven grey 

dulio, V, to bang, to thump, to beat, to 
knock, to hammer (Prov. xxiii. 35) ; 
to talk nonsense 

duliwr, wyr, «, beater, hammerer 

duloes, nf, grievous pain, smart, agony 

duloyw, a, glossy black 

dulwyd, a, dusky: n, dusky colour 

dulys, np, alexanders 

dull -iau, n, form, fashion; manner; 
mode; scheme; pattern; aspect 

tdulliad, n, form, formation 

tdullio, V, to form, to fashion; to ar- 
range 

dullwedd -au, nf, style, mode, manner 



dullweddu, v, to modify, to qualify 

tdullyn, n, array 

tdundeb, n, unity, accordance, agree- 
ment, harmony 

fduno, V, to unite, to agree 

dunos. Hi, black or dark night (poet.) 

duo, V, to black, to blacken; to darken 

duoer, a, black and cold; gloomy, 
dismal 

tduog, a, black, sable, swarthy, dusky 

dur, n, steel: a, steel, hard. Noduydd 
ddur, (sewing) needle 

duraidd, a, steely; chalybeate 

durew, n, black irost 

tdurfing, tdurfln, a, dense, close, hard, 
severe, austere; strenuous, vigorous 

tduriingder, tdurflngrwydd, n, density, 
hardness; severity, austerity 

durio, duro, v, to steel; to edge 

duriol, durol, a, of steel; hard, solid, 
dense 

durlath -au, nf, steelyard 

tdurudd, a, black red, dark red 

durwisg -oedd, nf, mail, armour, harness 

duryn -nau, n, beak, snout, trunk, pro- 
boscis; tongue (of flame) 

duw -iau, n, god. Duw, God, the Deity 

tduw -iau, n, day 

duwc -iaid, n, duke 

diiwch, n, blackness; gloom 

duwrtod, tduwdab, fduwdeb, tduwdid, 
n, godhead, divinity, deity 

Duwddyn, w, Godman 

duweiddio, v, to deify 

duwiaeth, nf, deism; theism 

duwies -au, nf, goddess 

duwinydd, duwinyddiaeth, etc., late 
factitious forms for diwinydd, etc. 

dawiol, a, godly, pious ; divine, duwiol- 
ion, godly people 

tduwiolaeth, nf, piety; divinity; deity; 
pietism 

duwioldeb, Tduwiolder, fduwioledd, n, 
godliness, piety 

tduwiolfryd, n, piety, devotion 

duwiolfrydedd, n, godliness, piety 

duwiolfrydig, a, god-fearing, pious, de- 
vout 

tduwioliaeth, nf= duwiolaeth 

duwioliaid, np, pietists 

tduwsul, n, Sunday 

dwad, V, to come (colloq.) 

dwb -ion, n, daub, mortar, cement 

dwbin, n. dubbint;, daub, cement 
163 



DWB 



DWY 



dwbio, V, to daub, to plaster 

dwbiwr, wyr, n, plasterer; dauber 

dwbl, a, twofold, double 

tdwblanu, v, to double 

dwbled -au, nf, doublet 

tdwblhau, v, to double, to redouble 

dwblo, V, to double 

dwdlian, v, to dawdle, to loiter 

dwdlyn, n, dav.dler. / dwdl' n 

dweud, dweyd, D=dywedyd 

dwfn, am, deep, profound: /. dofn 

dwfn, 11, the deep ; the worldf 

tdwfnwedydd, n, drep speakei 

dwtr, dŵr, pi. dyfroedd, tdyfredd, fdeifr, 

tdyfr, M, water. rJu'/r swyn, holy 

water 
tdwfrfel, n, hydromel, mead 
dwir-fesurydd -ion, n, hydrometer 
dwfr-lestr, dyfr-lestri, n, water-pot 
dwg, I', will bear; bear thou. See dwyn 
d\^g.vd. V, to steal ( olk.q.) 
dwl, a, dull; stupid, foolish, silly, dyl- 

iaid, dullards, fools 
dwli, n. See dyli 
dwmbwr, n, hubbub, commotion 



tdwsmel -au, nf, dulcimer 

dwst, n, dust, powder 

tdwthwn, n, day. Usually y dwlhwn 

hicnnw, that day 
dwy, af & nf. two: m. dau. /// duy- 

oedd, the two of them, both of them 
dwyadeiniog, a, having two wings 
dwyael, nd, eyebrows 
fdwyar, nd, stirrups 
dwybig, a, forked. See flon 
dwyblaid, nd, two parties, both parties 
tdwydid, n, divinity 
dwyen, nd, the two jaws 
tDwyf, n, God 

dwyiasgiog, a, bivalvular, bivalve 
tdwyflywiaeth, dwyflywodraeth, nf, 

theocracy 
dwyfcg, nf, the betony 
dwyfol, a, divine; godlyf, piousf, de- 

voutf 
dwyfoldeb, fdwyfolder, n, divinity, deity; 

godliness!, pietyt; devotion! 
dwyfoli, V, to deity 
dwyfoliaeth, nf, divinity 
dwyfron -nau, nf, breast, chest 



iwmbwr-dambar, ad, helter-skelter dwyfronneg, fronegau, n/, breastplate 



(S.W.) 
fdwn, a, dun, dusky, swarthy 
fdwnad, fdwned, n, grammar (from 



fdwyfrwyd, a, twofold, double 
tDwyfundodiaid, np. Unitarians 
tdwyfyddiaeth, nf, theology 



Donatus); talk, tattle: v, to chatter, dwyieithog, rt, bilingual, duoglot 



to prate 

Iwndro, v, 

clamour 



to prate, to chatter; to 



dwylaw, dwylo, nd, literally two hands, 

but useil as the only plural of Haw 
tdwylyw, jdwyliw, nd, two parties 



dwndwr, n, din, buzz, clamour, bustle, dwyn, v, to bear, to carry; to bring; to 



babble, hubbub 

tdwnedu, v, to parse 

tdwnedwr, wyr, n, grammarian 

dŵr, H. See dwfr 

tdwrd, ", reproof, rebuke 

dwrdio, V, t<3 chide, to scold, to reprove, 
to rebuke, to reprimand 

dwrdiwr, wyr, n, scolder 

tdwrdd, dyrddau, n, noise, uproar, tu- 
mult 

tdwrddio, v, to noise, to prate 

dwrgi, gwn, n, otter 

dwrn, dyrnau, tdyrn, «, fist ; knob, 
handle, hilt 

tdwsain, H=dwsin 

tdwsed, u, sweet, dulcet 

tdwsel, n, faucet, tap ; dossil 

dwsen -nl, nf, dozen (S.W.) 
dwset, n, doucet, sweet wine 
dwsin, dwsing, ingau, n, dozen 



take (away) ; to lead (a life); to spend, 
to enjoy (of time) ; to steal 
tdwyn, a, pleasant, agreeable 
dwyno, r=difwyno, diwyno 
dwyrain, fj, to rise: n, rising+; tlie east 

a, east, orient 
dwyran, nd, two shares: a, of two shares 
tdwyre-, v. Inf. dwyrain 
dwyroinfyd, n, east, orient 
dwyreinio, v, to orientate 
dwyreiniol, a, easterly, eastern, oriental 
dwyreiniwr, wyr, n, eastern, oriental 
dwyreinwynt -oedd, n, the east wind 
tdwyreol, fdwyreog, a, rising, orient 
dwys, a, dense, heavy, grave; pensive 
hard, severe, grievous; deep, pro- 
found, intense; earnest, solemn 
dwysbigiad -au, n. compunction 
dwysbigo, V, to stab to the quick, to 
pierce, to prick, to stiner (Acts ii. 37) 
164 



DWY 

dwysedig, a, pressed down (Luke vi. 38 
dwysedd, n, gravity, intensity 
dwyshau, v, to intensify, to deepen 
dwyso, V, to press, to condense, to com- 
press 
dwyster, n, density, gravity; seriousness, 

earnestness, solemnity; importance 
dwywaith, ad, twice. 'Does dim dwy- 

waith, there's no doubt about it 
fdwywau, np, gods 
tdwywawl, fdwywol, a = dwyfol 
tdwywes -au, n/, goddess 
tdwywolder, ;t=dwyfolder 
tdwywoliaeth, n/=dwyfoliaeth 
dy, pn, thy, thine 
tdy, n, day 

tdyad, v, to thinli: n, thought 
tdyad, n, build, stature, height 
tdyadael, v, to leave, to suffer ; to let 
dyall, n 8c V, dyallu, v= deall 
tdyar, n, din, noise, sound; lamenta- 
tion: V, to malve a noise: a, noisy; 
sad, plaintive 
tdybi, ii=dybydd 
dyblu, V, to double; to repeat 
dyblyg -ion, n, doable, fold 
dyblyg, a, double, duplicate, twofold 
dyblygedd, n, duplicity 
dyblygiad, n, doubling, duplication 
dyblygu, v, to double, to fold 
tdyborthi, v, to bear, to support, to 

SLStam ; to inflii t 
tdyborthiawdr, odron, n, supporter, 

auxiliary, ally 
dybry, dybryan -od, «/, sea-hen 
dybryd, a. detMrmed, ugly; horrid, hor- 
rible, terrible ; l)ad, vicious; sad ; dire; 
harsh; ignomiuious; flagrant; griev- 
ous, grave 
tdybrydrwydd, n. turpitude, baseness 
dybrydwch, n, deformity, ugliness 
tdybu, V, he came, he has come 
tdybydd, v, he \\ ill come; it will be 
dycàe, n, consumption {' decay ') 
dychan -au, nt, lampoon, satire; jeer 
dychangerdd -i, nf, satirical poem, satire 
dychanol, a, lampooning, satirical 
dychanu, v, to lampoon, to satirize, to 

revile; to praiset, to extol+ 
dychanwr, wyr, «, satirist 
tdychior, fdychiori, v, to fall 
dychlamiad -au, n, throb, beat, pulsa- 
tion; leap, bound 
dyehlamol, a, throbbing, palpitating 



DYCH 

dychlamu, v, to throb, to palpitate; to 

flutter; to hop, to bound, to leap 
tdychludo, n.. to carry, to convey, to bear 
tdychluddo, v, to enclose 
dyehmygadwy, a, imaginable 
dychmygfawr, a, imaginative 
dychmygiad -au, imagination, invention 
tdychmygiaeth, nf, imagination, fancy 
dychmygol, a, imaginary 
dychmygu, v, to imagine, to devise, to 

invent; to pretendt 
dyehmygus, a, imaginary 
dychmygwr, wyr, n, deviser, inventor 
tdychrain, v, to prostrate, to do homage 
tdyehreu, v, to croak 
dychryn iadau, n, terror, fright, hor- 
ror, dread : t;=dychrynu 
tdychrynadwy, a, terrible, horrible, dread 
dychryndod, n, terror, fright, dread 
dychrynedig, a, frightened; tremblingf, 

agitatedt; frightfulf, terriblef 
fdychrynedigaeth -au, nf, terror 
dychrynfa, fâu, feydd, nf, terror (Job 

vi. 4) 
dychryniadau, np, terrors 
dychrynllyd, a, fearful, frightful, terrible, 

horrible 
dychrynu, r, to frighten, to be fright- 
ened ; to terrify; to scare: to shiverf, 
to tremblet, to shaket, to agitatef 
dychrynydd -ion, n, frightener (Lev. 

xxvi. 6) 
tdychwant -au, n, inclination, appetite 
dychwel -ion, ni, tiimf, coursef; re- 
turn : V, to return 
dychweledig, a, reversed, returned; con- 
verted, dychweledigion, converts 
dychwc-lfa, feydd, u, recurrence; return 

ÍI Sam vii 17) 
dychweliad -au, n, recurruig; returning, 

return; conversion 
tdychwelwr, wyr, «, one who turns or 

returns; convert 
dyehwelyd, v, to return 
tdychwyl -ion, nf, revolution; a case iin 

grammar) 
fdychyfrwy, v, pies. ind. s. 3, encircles 
fdyehyfun, a, matchless 
tdychyfyng, a, unconfined, broad, free 
tdychymell, v, to urge, to compel 
dychymyg, dychmygion, n, imagination, 
fancy, invention; riddle, enigma: 
!;= dychmygu 
dychymygu, v. See dychmygu 

16S 



ht^^ 



DYCH 

tdychynnull, v, to collect, to gather, to 

assemble 
tdychyrchu, v, to attack, to assail 
tdyd, tdyt, t, hold ! stop ! 
dyd, V. he will place (s. 3 pres. & fut. of 

dsdi) 
tdydach, v, to lie in wait, to lurk, to 

skulk 
tdydechwr, wyr, n, lurker, skulker, 

sneak 
tdydoi, f, to cover; to overwhelm 
tdydorri, v, to break, to break loose 
dydd -iau, n, day; day-time. Toriad 
dydd, daybreak. Hanner dydd, noon, 
mid-day. Lliw dydd, daylight 
dyddanu, ii=diddanu 
tdyddarbod, v, to care, to mind 
tdyddarfod, v, to come to pass 
fdyddelwi, v, to turn pale 
dyddfu, V, to flag, to pine, to faint 

(Gen. xlvii. 13) 
tdyddgwaith, n, a certain day 
dyddgylch. n, daily course (Luke i. 5) 
dyddhau, v, to become day, to dawn 
dyddiad -au, n, dating; date 
dyddiadur -on, n, diary, journal 
dyddiadurwr, wyr, n, diarist 
dyddio, v, to become day, to dawn; to 

date; to madiatef, to arbitratet 
dyddiol, a, daily. Ysgol ddyddiol, day 

school 
dyddiwr, wyr, n, daysman, arbitrator, 

mediator (Job ix. 33) 
dyddlyir -au, n, diary, journal 
tdyddon, n, holy day, fast day: a, holy 
dyddordeb, etc. See diddordeb, etc 
tdyddwaith, « = dyddgwaith 
tdyddwyn, v, to bear, to carry 
tdyddyfod, v, to come, to become 
dyeithr, etc. See dieithr 
dyfais, feisiau, «/, device, invention 
dyfal, 0, diligent, industrious; careful; 

earnest; instant 
tdyfal, M, design, invention, fancy 
dyfalbara, v, to persevere: «, perse- 
verance (Eph. vi. 18) 
dyfalbarhad, n, perseverance 
dyfalbarhau, v, to persevere 
dyfalbarhaus, a, persevering 
tdyfaldod, n= dyfalwch 
tdyfalhau, v= dyfalu 
dyfaliad -au, n, guess, conjecture; 

comparisont 
dyfalrwydd, n= dyfalwch 



DYF 

dyfalu, I', to liken; to guess, to con- 
jecture, to divine; to describe; to 
deridef 
dyfalwch, n, diligence, assiduity 
dyfarniad -au, n, adjudication, verdict, 

decision, pronouncement 
dyfarnu, v, to adjudge, to adjudicate; 
to decide; to pronounce; to sentence; 
to condemn 
tdyfeiliorni, v, to revile (W. Sals.) 
dyfeisgar, a, inventive 
dyfeisio, v, to devise, to invent; to guess 
dyfeisiwr, dyfeisydd, wyr, n, inventor 
tdyfenwi, v, to become less, to diminish 
■fdyterchwys, n=diferchwys 
dyferu, &c.= diferu 
dyfetha, t)=difetha 
tdyflöen -nau, n/, splinter 
dyfn, a & n=dw{n 
dyfnder -au -oedd, n, deepness, depth, 

profundity; deep, abyss 
dyfndra, n, deepness, depth 
tdyfndwr, fdyfnedd, ii = dyfnder 
dyfnddysg, a, erudite, profound 
dyfnfor, n, the deep (2 Cor. xi. 25) 
dyfnhad, n, deepening 
dyfnhau, v, to deepen 
dyfnjwn, n, dungeon, gulf, abyss (colloq.) 
tdyfnod, n, depth 
dyfnu, V, to suck 
tdyfnu, u, to use, to be wont 
tdyfnwedydd, n, a deep speaker 
dyfod, V, to come; to be, to become ; to 

come to pass 
tdyfodedigaeth, >i/=dyfodiad 
dyfodfa, n/, access, entrance, entry 
dyfodiad, n, coming, arrival, advent 
dyfodiad, laid, n, comer, stranger, so- 
journer (Eph. ii. 19) 
dyfodol, a, coming, approaching; future 

n, future 
dyfoli, dyiolio, dyfolach, v, to guzzle 
dyfoliwr, wyr, », guzzler 
tdyfosiwn, &c. See delosiwn 
tdyfr, tdyfredd, np. See dwfr 
dyfradwy, a, watered; watering 
dyfrbwysiant, n, hydrostatics 
dyfrddor -au, «/, flood gate, sluice 
dyirfai'ch, feirch, n, hippopotamus 
dyfrfel, n, hydromel 
dyfrfTos -ydd, n. canal, watercourse 
dyfrgi, gwn, n, otter: /. dyfrast 
dyfrgist -iau, h/, cistern, tank 
dyfrglawdd, gloddiau, n, dam 
166 



DYF 

dyfrgloer, n, piscina 

dyfrglwyf, n, dropsy 

dyfrhad, n, irrigation 

dyfrhau, i;, to water, to irrigate 

tdyfrhynt -oedd, n, watercourse (whence 

dyffryn(t), valley) 
dyfriar, ieir, nf, water-hen, coot 
tdyfrig, a, branching 
dyfrio, v, to water 
dyfriog, dyfrog, a, watery, watered, 

aquatic 
tdyfriw, a, broken 
tdyfriwio, v, to break, to shatter 
dyfrlle -oedd, n, watercourse, bed of a 

river, basin (Job xxxviii. 25) 
dyfrllyd. a, watery, moist 
dyfrllydrwydd, tdyfrllytra, n, wateri- 

ness, moistness 
dyfrilys, n & en, pondweed 
dyfrog, a. See dyfriog 
dyfrol, a, aqueous, aquatic 
dyfru, V, to water 

dyfrwr, wyr, h, water-man; water- 
drinker. Y Dyfrwr, Aquarius 
tdyfryd, a, pensive, sad 
fdyfrydedd, n, sadness, misery 
tdyfrydog, a, unpleasant, sad 
tdyfrydwch, n=dyfrydedd 
tdyfrys, n, haste, speed a, fleet, fleeting 
tdyfrysio, v, to hasten, to haste, to hurry 
dyfyd, v, (he) will say (Gwynedd) 
tdyfydd, v, will come, will be: v.imp, 

Come ! 
dyfyn -nau, n, citation, summons 
dyfyniad -au, n, citation, quotation 
dyfynnod -au, n, quotation mark 
dyfynnol, a, citatory 
dyfynnu, v, to summon; to cite, to 

quote 
tdyfyriad -au, n, abridgement 
tdyfyrru, v, to shorten, to curtail, to 

abridge 
tdyfysgi, n confusion, tumult, chaos 
tdyfysgu, v, to mix, to jumble, to con- 
tuse 
tdyffestin, a, fleet, hastening, evanes- 
cent 
dyffryn, tdyflrynt, -noedd, n, valley, 
vale, dale, dyflryndir, lowlying land 
tdyffust, tdyffusto, v, to smite, to strike, 

to beat, to belabour 
tdygaboli, t;, to polish (oS); to belabour 
tdygarnflo, v, to scamper off, to stam- 
pede 



DYH 

tdygas, n, hatred: a, hateful, odious 

tdygegu, V, to gargle; to gulp 

dygiad, n, bearing, upbringing; carriage 

deportment 
dygiedydd -ion, n, bearer 
tdygludo, V, to carry off, to waft 
dygn, a, severe, painful, hard, grievous, 
dire; extreme; crass, gross: nf, 
proof, test, trial 
tdygnawd, a, determined 
tdygnedd, n, trouble, adversity 
tdygnlud, a, earnest, importunate 
dygnu, V, to toil hard; to afflict 
tdygnuo, v, to assemble, to muster 
tdygofagu, v, to nurture 
tdygredu, v, to approach, to visit 
tdygrib(i)o, v, to dart or rush 
tdygronni, v, to accumulate, to increase 
tdygrynhoi, v, to muster; to avail 
tdygrynio, v, to attack 
tdygrynu, v, to quake 
tdygrysio, v, to hasten, to speed 
dygwr, wyr, dygydd -ion, n, bearer 
dygwydd, y=digwydd 
dygwyl, n, holiday; feast day, festival 
tdygyfarth, v, to bark 
tdygyferbyniaid, v, to meet, to en- 
counter 
fdygyfodi, v, to rise 
dygyfor, v, to surge, to rise up, to stir 
up ; to assemble, to muster : n, surg- 
ing, rising, stir, tumult; muster, as- 
sembly; throng, multitude 
dygyforio, u= dygyfor 
tdygyfrang, v, to contend 
tdygyfranc, n, contest 
tdygyfwrw, v, to cast, to throw 
fdygyfysgi, n, confusion, tumult 
tdygylchu, fdygylchynu, v, to encom- 
pass, to surround 
fdygymell, v, to urge, to compel 
dygymod, v, to agree (with) ; to put up 

with ; nt, agreement, covenant 
tdygymyrru, v, to shorten 
fdygynnuU, v, to gather together, to 

assemble: n, assembly 
tdygyrch -au, n, assault, attack 
fdygyrchu, i\ to rush ; to attack, to 

assail 
fdyhaeddu, v, to reach ; to deserve 
dyhead -au, n, panting; yearning; as- 
piration 
tdyhedd, n, war ; harshness ; a pity ; a 
grievous thing ; (wrongly) peace 
167 



DYH 

tdyheddog, a, disturbed, restless 
dyheu, v, to pant, to puff, to gasp; to 

long, to yearn, to aspire 
dyheuad -au, ;!=dyhead 
dyheuro, v, to assert 
dyhewyd, «=dihewyd 
tdyhewyn. n, what is matured 
dyhir, a, slow, dilatory, lingering, loiter 

ing ; worthless; wicked; grievous 
tdyhirio, tdyhiro, v, to loiter; to trifle; 

to put off, to defer, to linger, to 

delay; to pine, to waste 
tdyhudd, a, hidden, concealed: n, hid- 
ing, concealment; comfort, solace. 

Dan ddyhudd, hidden, concealed 
tdyhudded, dyhuddiad, dyhuddiant, n, 

hiding, concealment; propitiation, 

consolation 
dyhuddgloch, nf, curfew-bell 
dyhuddo, v, to cover over; to appease; 

to console, to comtort ; to pacify, to 

propitiate (Ezek. xvi. 63) 
dyhuddol, a, propitiatory 
tdyhun, a, agreed, unanimous 
tdyhynt -iau, n/, journey 
dyhysbyddu, v, to drain, to exhaust: for 

dihysbyddu, disbyddu 
tdŷl, dylion, n, due, debt, right 
tdylad, n, stream, fîood 
dyladwy, a, due, proper, meet, suitable 
fdylaith, n, door-bolt, bar; protector, 

defender 
tdylaith, n, death, dissolution; corpse 
tdylan -nau, n, sea, ocean (orig. a god 

of the sea) 
dylanwad -au, n, influence; (divine) 

power, unction 
dylanwadol, a, influential; impressive 
dylanwadu, v, to influence; to affect 
tdylaw, >i, rain 
dyleb -ion, v/, bill, invoice 
dyled, dylêd, pi. dyledion, n & nf , due, 

riglit, debt, obligation 
dyledach, dyletach, np, small debts, 

dribblets 
dyledog, a, in debt, indebted 
tdyledog, a, high-born, noble 
tdyledogion, np, aristocracy, noblemen 
dyledswydd -au, nf. duty, obhgation. Y 

ddyledswydd deuluaidd, fanúly prayers 
dyledus, a, obligatory, due, incumbent 
dyledwr, wyr, n, debtor 
tdylenwi, v, to fill 
tdyletgar, a, dutiful 



DYM 

dýli, n, dullness, stupidity, nonsense 

dyli, M, complexion (of body), constitu- 
tion, temperament; warp, texture 
(dylif) 

tdylied, &c.= dyled, &c. 

dylif -au -ion, n, flood, deluge: vf, warp 

dylifiad, «, flowing, streaming 

dylifo, V, to flow, to stream, to pour 
to spin; to plot; to warp 

dylif ro, v, to deliver 

dylni, M, dullness, stupidity 

tdylochi, r, to protect, to shelter 

tdyloft, V, to handle, to pat 

dylosg, n, coke; charcoal 

dylosgi, V, to calcine, to char 

dýlu, V, to become dull, to dull; to 
dote 

tdylu, V, to owe (i Mace. x. 43) 

tdylud, V, to follow, to pursue 

dyludo, V, to pursuef; to presst; to 
treadt, to tramplet; to flock, to 
throng; to drag, to lumber along 

fdyludwr, wyr, .7, pursuer, chaser 

tdylusg, M^delysg 

tdylwf, lyfion, m, bundle, wisp 

dylwD, V, I ought, I should 

tdylwr, M, the hind part: a, hindmost 

fdylyfn, a, agreeable 

dylyiu gen, v, to yawn, to gape 

lylyn, n, simpleton, dunce 

fdylyS; a. See dilys 

d"lluan -od, nf, owl 

dyma ad here, here is or are; th -' is 
0; these are 

tdymbi, v, it shall be to me 

dymchwel, t=^ dymchwelyd 

dymchweliad, n, overthrow, subversion 

dymchwelyd, r, to overturn, to over- 
throw, to upset, to subvert 

dymchwelydr -au, n, mould-board of 
plough 

tdymddwyn, v, to bear, to conceive 

tdymgais, î;=ymgais 

tdymgwyddo, v, to overthrow, to upset 

tdymun, », wish, desire 

tdymuned, ti=^dyinuno: " = dymuniad 

dymuniad -au, n, wish, desire, entreaty, 
request 

dymunlant, n, desire (Hag. ii. 7) 

dymuno, v, to desue, to wish 

dymunol, a, desirable, pleasant, agree- 
alile 

dymunoldeb, dymunolrwydd, n, de- 
sirability 

168 



DYN 

dyn -ion t-oedd, nc, man, person. Dyn 

bychan, little man, infant 
dyna, ad, there, there is or are; that 

is or those are 
tdynabod, v, to know, to recognize 
tdynad, up (haden, nf), nettles (danadl) 
dynan, dynyn, nc, little person ; manikin ; 

dwarJ, pygmy; wretch 
dyndod, tdyndab, tdyndeb, tdyndid, «, 

manhood, humanity 
dyndodiad, iaid, dyndodwr, wyr, n, 

humanitarian 
tdyndda, nc, a good person 
tdyneddon, a p.. of dyn 
dyneg, >;/, anthropology 
dynegydd -ion, n, anthropolgist 
dynes -au, nf, woman (rare in pl.-^ 
dyneshau, v, to draw near, to approach 
dynesiad, n, approach 
dynesu, t', to draw near, to approach 
dyngarol, a, philanthropic 
dyngarweh, n, philantlimpy 
dyngarwr, wyr, n, philanthropist 
tdyniadon, H^=dynion 
dyniawed, iewaid, n, steer, heifer, stirk, 

yearling 
dynin, «, the medlar tree 
dynionach, np, frail men, contemptible 

men 
dynionos, np, little or insignificant folks 
dynladdiad, n, manslaughter 
dynladdwr, wyr, dynleiddiad, iaid, «, 

man-slayer 
tdyno, Hc= dynan 

dynodi, v, to denote; to signify, to in- 
dicate 
dynodiadol, a, expressive 
dynodiant, n, expression; distmction 
tdynodus, a. See dinodus 
dynoethi, v. See dinoethi 
dynofydd -ion, n, anthropologist 
dynofyddiaetli, nf, anthropology 
dynofyddol, a, anthropological 
dynol, a, human; man-like; manly 
dynoldeb, dynolder, n, humanity 
dynoli, v, to make human, to humanize 
dynoliaeth, nf, humanity, manhood, 

human nature 
dynolryw, en, mankind=áyMo/ ryw 
dynos, np, little people 
dynsawd, sodion, sodau, n, person 
tdynsodi, v, to personify 
tdynsodiad, fdynsodiant, n, personi- 
fication 



DYR 

dynu, i'=dyfnu 

dynwared, v, to imitate, to mimic 

dynwarediad -au, n, imitation, mimicry 

dynwaredol, a, imitative 

dynwaredwr, wyr, n, imitator, mimic 

dynyn, «= dynan 

tdyochri, v, to square 

tdyodor, n, tumult, confusion 

tdyodwf, n, augmentation (legal) 

dyoddet, &;c. Sec dioddef 

tdyotagu, v, to toster 

tdyrain, v, to wanton, to tnsk: n, wan- 
tonness, friskiness 

tdyrannu, v, to divide, to distribute 

tdyrathu, v, to rub, to chafe 

tdyrawr, n, impulse: a, urgent 

tdyrch, «, rising; assault 

tdyrchaf -ion, n, assault 

tdyrchafad, a, raised, elevated. Dâr 
ddyrchafad, portcullis 

dyrchafael, v, to rise, to ascend; to lift, 
to raise; to hoist: n, ascension. Dydd 
faii'r Dyrchafael, Ascension Day 

dyrchafedig, a, exalted, elevated, lofty 

dyrchaflad, n, dyrchafiaeth, nf, eleva- 
tion, exaltation; ascension; promotion 

dyrchafol, a, elevating, uplifting 

dyrchafu, v, to lift up, to raise, to 
elevate, to exalt; to aüwmre; to 
rise, to ascend 

dyrchafydd, «, exalter, elevator 

dyrehu, v, to raise ; to rise ; to lift up 
(new inf. from imper. dyrcha[f]) 

fdyre, n, wantonness, lust 

dyre, dere, tdyred, v. imp. Come 1 

dyrglawdd, n, canal, leaf 

tdyrglwyf, n, dropsy 

dyri, îau, dyrif -au, nf, a metre com- 
bining cynghanedd with regular syl- 
labic accentuation; a ballad, a lyric 

tdyrllyddu, v, to deserve, to merit 

dyrnaid, eidiau, n, handful 

dyrnddol -au, nf, handle of a cup, jug, 
or pot 

dyrnfedd -i, nf, hand-breadth, hand, 
span (Ps. xxxix. 5) 

tdyrnflaidd, fleiddiau, n, club; halberd 

dyrnfol -au, dyrn{yl,«/, gauntlet; mittea 

tdyrngell, nf, a glove 

dyrniad, n, threshing (Isa. xxi. 10) 

dyrnod -iau, n & nf, box, cuff, blow, 
stroke 

dyrnodio, v, to strike, to thump, to cuff, 
to buffet 

169 



DYR 

dyrnu, v, to thresh; to thump 

dyrnwr, wyr, n, thresher. Dyrnwr tan, 

threshing machine 
dyro, V. imp, Give ! 
tdyrreith, v, aor. s. 3, came 
tdyrru, v, to impel, to drive, to force, 

to compel; to press, to rush 
dyry, V, gives, will give 
dyrys, a, intricate, entangled, involved, 
complicated, difficult ; deranged, coa- 
fused; perplexing 
dyrysbwnc, bynciau, n, problem 
dyrysfa, feydd, «/, maze, labyrinth 
dyrysgoed, n, thick trees, thicket (Ps. 

Ixxiv. 5) 
dyrysi, np= drysi 
d(y)ryslwyn, n, bramble brake 
d(y)ryslyd, a, puzzling, perplexing ; con- 
fused, bewildered; tangled 
d(y)rysni, n, intricacy; thicket 
d{y)rysu, v, to tangle, to entangle; to 

puzzle; to derange 
d(y)ryswch, n, confusion, entanglement, 
perplexity; embarrassment; derange- 
ment 
tdysbeidiad -au, n, intermission, pause, 

interval 
tdysbeidiant, n, cessation 
tdysbeidio, v, to stop, to desist; to in- 
termit 
dysbeidiol, a, intermittent 
tdysbwyll -ion, », reason, discretion 
tdysbwyllo, v, to reason, to persuade 
tdyserth, n, desert ; retreat 
dysg, n & n/, learning, erudition 
tdysgaid, u, learning : a, learned 
tdysgawdr, odron, n=dysgawdwr 
dysgawdwr, wyr, n, teacher, instructor 
dysgedig, a, learned; erudite, dysged- 

igion, learned men 
tdysgedigaeth -au, nf, learning; teach- 
ing, doctrine 
tdysgedydJ -ion, n, instructor, teacher; 

learner 
dysgeidiaeth-au, >;/, learning; erudition; 

teaching, doctrine 
tdysgiaid, >i=dysgaid 
dysgl -au, nf, dish, platter 
dysglaid, eidiau, nf, dish, dishful 
dysglöen -nau, nf, splinter, splint 
tdysgogan, fdysgoganu, v, to predict 
tdysgrawling, n, glue, cement 
tdysgrethain, D, to wail, to inoan, to groan 
dysgrifio, v. See disgrifio 



DYW 

dysgu, V, to learn; to teach, to instruct; 
to leadf 

dysgwr, wyr, n, learner; teacher 

dysgwyl, etc. See disgwyl 

dystlyd, a, dusty 

tdystrewi, v, to sneeze 

dysychu, v, to dry up, to desiccate 

fdysyfu, v=deisyfu 

tdyt, î=dyd 

tdyun, a, agreeing, agreed, united, una- 
nimous 

tdyundeb, n, unity, agreement, concord 

tdyuno, v, to unite, to agree 

fdyw, tduw -iau, n, day 

fdywadu, v, to deny; to renounce 

tdywaesu, v, to warrant 

tdywal, a, fierce, savage, furious 

tdywalder, tdywalrwydd, n, fiercenees 

dywalgi, gwn, n, lit. 'savage dog,' an 
unknown wild beast, possibly the wolf; 
(in mod. Welsh) tiger 

tdywalhau, fdywalu, v, to grow fierce; 
to rage 

tdywall, a, negligent 

tdywallaw, v, to pour 

fdywan, n, chance. Mab dywaH=mab 
siawns 

tdywan, a, piercing : j;=dywanu 

fdywanii, v, to dart, to liglu upon 

dywedadwy, a, to be said 

dywededig, a, said, spoken, uttered 

dywediad -au, n, saying, expression 

dywedwr, wyr, n, sayer, speaker, enun- 
ciator 

dywedwst, a, taciturn : n, taciturnity 

tdywedwydiad, n, utterance, speech 

tdywodwydiad, n, talker, babbler 

tdywedwydol, a, talkative, loquacious 

dywedyd, v, to say, to speak, to tell, to 
utter 

dyweddi, îau, tif, betrothal, espousals, 
marriage-contract: nc, betrothed per- 
son; spouse, bride 

dyweddîad, n, betrothal 

dyweddîo,v, to betroth, to espouse, towed 

tdyweddîwr, wyr, n, betrothed, bride- 
groom 

tdyweinio, v, to bear, to can-y, to con- 
vey 
dywenydd, n, pleasure, delight, bliss, 

happiness 
dyweyd, 1;= dywedyd 
tdywirio, v, to verify, to assert, to con- 
firm 

170 



ECH 



tdywod, V, to come (dwad) febryfygus, a, forgetful, oblivious 

dywyddU; v, to swell with milk before fEbryw, n & a, Hebrew 



calving 



e, pu^ei, fe 

eang, fehang, a, ample, large, wide, 
broad, immense, commodious, free 

eangder, n. See ehangder 

eangirydig, a, broad-minded, magnani- 
mous 

eangu, v. See ehangu 

teawn, a=eofn 

eb, ebe, ebr, (ebai), v, said, quoth 

tebach -au, );/, nook, corner; cove, creek 

teban, n, war, fighting, tumult 

ebargofi, v, to forget 

ebargofiant, n, forgetting, oblivion 

ebargofus, a, forgetful, oblivious 

ebe, V. See eb 

tebediw -iau, ii, heriot 

tebenus, it, ebony (Ezek. xxvii. 15) 

ebill -ion, n, gimlet, auger; peg 

tebiUen, n/, gimlet; peg 

ebillio, V, to bore, to peg 

tebillwydd, en, wooden pegs or keys; 
the staves of the bardic Peithynen, 
on which the letters were cut 

ebion, np, sayings, remarks, notes, 
jottings 

tebod, n, horse-dung 

ebol -ion, n, colt, foal 

eboles -au, «/, foal, filly 

eboliog, a, being with foal, in foal 

teboludd, ad, immediately (heb ohidd) 

tebostol, n, embassy 

tebostol, nf, epistle 

tebostol, pi. ebestyl, ebystyl, n, apostle 

tebostolawl, a, apostolic 

tebostoliaeth, )!/=apostoliaeth 

ebr, V. See eb 

ebran -nau, febryn, ;;, provender, fod- 
der, bait 

ebrandy, dai, «, baiting-house 

ebrannu, v, to bait, to fodder 

Ebrill, n, April 

Ebrillaidd, a, April-like 

tebrwyad, aid, n, vicar 

tebrwyaeth -au, nf, vicarage 

ebrwydd, a, quick, swift, fleet; soon. Yn 

ebrwydd, immediately, straightway 
tebrwyddhau, febrwyddo, v, to hasten; 

to accelerate 
tebryfygu, v, to forget, to neglect 



ebwch, ebychau, n, gasp; sigh; ejacula- 
tion 
ebychiad -au, n, sighing, aspiration; 
gasping; interjection, ejaculation; ex- 
clamation 
ebychu, v, to gasp; to interject, to 

ejaculate, to sigh; to aspirate 
febyr, np, a plur. of aber 
ebyrth, np, sacrifices: s. aberth 
tebystyl, np, apostles 
eco, n, echo 

eeonomaidd, a, economic 
eeoDomeg, nf, economics 
•conomegydd -ion, n, economist 
tecro, V, to provoke, to challenge; to 

lay about one 
tecrwch, ?;. sharpness, severity, asperity 
tech, nf, daughter, fem. of ap (from ferch) 
techasaf, adj. superl., most valiant 
echdoe, nf & ad, the day before yester- 
day 
techeinad, a, distinguished 
echel -au, nf, axle, axletree; axis 
echelu, v, to place on axle 
techen, nf, source; stock; tribe, race 
techenog, a=aehenog 
techeurin, a, golden 
teehing, a, strait, narrow 
techlys -ion, n, motive; cause; occasion 
techlysur, n=ach!ysur 
echnos, nf & ad. niclit before last 
techrê, .iJ, rather, yea rather, more so 
echreiddig, a, eccentric 
techrestr -au, nf, register 
techreu, f=dechreu 
echryd, n, trembling, fright, terror, 

horror, dread, alarm 
echrydio, v= echrydu 
echryriu, v, to quake, to s]ii\er, to shud- 
der, to fear, to dread 
echrydus, a, shocking, horrid, terrible, 

horrible, dreadful 
teehryn, techryniad, n, tremor, quaking, 

trepidation, horror 
teehrynu, v, to quake, to tremble, to 

shudder; to frighten 
echrys, n, terror, horror; harm, hurt, 

misfortune: a, terrible, horrible 
techryshaint, n, plague, pestilence 
echryslawn, echryslon, echrysol, a, dire- 
ful, horrible, shocking, horrid, dire 
eehryslondeb, »=echryslonder 
171 



JiẀ^Í^'^ 



<u 



ECH 

echryslonder, n, direfulness, atrocious- 
ness. echryslonderau, atrocities 

echryslonrwydd, ;;, frishtfnlness 

techtywynedig, a, bright, clear, bril- 
liant, shining; gleaming, glittering; 
polished; limpid 

techtywynedigrwydd,;;, brilliance, splen- 
dour 

techtywynnu, fechtywynygu, v, to glit- 
ter, to light up, to flash, to gleam 

techu, V, to flee, to retreat 

techudd, n, sechision 

techur, ji, anguish, pain, disease 

techw, n, horse 

techwa, v, to ride 

techwng, n, straitness,- distress : a, 
strait, straitened 

techwith, a, sinister 

techwrys, n & rt=echrys 

techwydd, n, noon 

fechwydd, n, flow. Dwfr echwydd, 
flowing water 

techwydd, np, horsemen, cavalry 

techwyddo, v, to rise, to swell 

echwyn -ion, n, loan, hirr (L.ul<e xi. 5) 

echwynna,.t;, to borrow, to lend 

echwynno, v=echwynna 

echwynnwr, wyr, n, lender; creditor 

techwyrth, n, sottish, dull 

edafedd, n & en, yarn, wool 

edafeddog, n/, cudweed 

edau, edaf, pi. edafedd, jj/, thread, yarn 

edefyn, u, single thread 

tedeinad, tedeiniog, a, winged 

tederyn, 7i=aderyn 

tedfryd, v, to restore (Matt. xvii. it) 

tedfrydiad, «=adferiad 

tedfynt, a, kindly, genial, modest 

tedgyllaeth, n, sorrow, grief, lamenta- 
tion; desire, longing 

edifar, a, penitent, sorry. Edifar gen- 
nvf, I repent, I am sorry 

edifarhau, edifaru, v, to repent; to be 
sorry 

edifarus, a, repentant, penitent, contrite 

tedifarwch, /t=edifeirwch 

edifeiriol, fedifeiriog, a, repenting, re- 
pentant, penitent 

tedifeiriolwr, wyr, n, penitent 

edifeirwch, n, repentance, penitence 

tedlaes, a, slack, trailhig; gentle 

tedlid, n, vexation; irritation; remorse 

tedling, tedlin, ji, heir apparent 

tedlingfcrch, tedlinferch, nf, heiress 



EDR 

edliw, V, to upbraid, to reproach, to 

taunt, to cast in the teeth 
ediiwgar, a, taunting, reproachful 
edliwiad -au, h, taunting, taunt, re- 
proach 
edliwiant, n, reproach 
edliwied, edliwio, d= edliw 
edliwiwr, wyr, n, upbraider, reproacher 
tedlwg, lygon, 11, review 
edlych -od, n, weakling, starveling 
edlychaidd, a, puny, feeble 
tedlydan, a, far-reaching 
tedlym, a, sharp, keen, acute, severe 
tedlyn, n, potion, draught 
tedlynu, v, to smear, to daub ; to stick 
fedmyg, n, reverence, solemnity; hon- 
our : (i, reverent, solemn ; honoured 
edmygedd, n, admiration 
edmygiad, n, admiring, admiration 
edmygol, a, admiring 
edmygu, ;', to admire ; to reveref, to 

lionourf 
edmygwr, edmygydd, wyr, n, admirer 
edn -od t-ain, nc, fowl, bird 
tednan(t), ednain(t), n, winged one, bird 
ednog, a, having wings, winged 
ednog -ion -iaid, n, winged one; bird; 

fiy; -nat 
ednogaeth, ;i./, ornithology 
ednogyn, n, fly; gnat 
ednydd -ion, /;, witlie 
+edny{. tednyw -iau, n, essence; spirit 
tedling -au, nf, lease, holding 
tedrin -ion, n, noise, eclio: a, noisy 
fedrino, v, to ring, to resound, to re- 
verberate, to echo 
tedrith -ion, it, phantom, spettre 
tedrybedd, fedrybod, n, history; recital 
edrych. v, to look, to see, to behold; to 
seem; to view; to examine; to visit. 
Edrych am, to look for; to seek; to 
visit 
tedryched, n, look, appearance 
tedrychedigaeth, nf, appearance 
edrychiad, ;i, look; vision; sight 
tedrychiad, iaid, n, overseer, supervisor 
tedrychiawdr, odron, - =edrychwr 
edrychwr, edrychydd, wyr, n, spectator 
tedryd, ;;/, stock, family, kindred, 
parentage, descent. Ach ac edryd, 
descent (lit. maternity and paternity) 
tedryd, v, to restore=edfryd 
tedrydd, n, patrimony 
tedryf, «/= edryd 

172 



> ^t^UsA^LAoL (h^L^ . 



EDR 



ECxL 



tedryfynt, n, circle, assembly 
tedrysedd, n, abundance, superfluity 
tedrywan, tedrywant, tedrywedd, fedry- 

wydd, n, trail, scent 
feducher, ad, till evening {hyd ucher) 
edwi, V, to fade, to wither, to decay 
fedwica, v, to hawk, to peddle; to extort 
tedwicwr, wyr, n, hawker, pedlar; ex- 
tortioner 
>edwin, a, fading, withering: n, decay 
edwino, v, to fade, to wither, to decay 
edyn, ednod, n, winged one 
edyn, np, wings (late) 
fedyrn, np, distinguished ones 
teddain, v, to move, to flow: n, move- 
ment : a, moving, flowing 
teddain, n, sojourner 
teddestr, n. See eddystr 
teddewid, // & «/= addewid 
eddi, np, thrums; fringe (Num. xv. 38) 
teddigafael, i;=eiddigafael 
teddyl, n, intention, purpose, design ; 

journey 
teddyl, n, people, race, clan 
teddyllter, «, adultery; wantonness 
teddyrn, ad, in phrase yn eddyrn, for 

ever (Lat. in aeternum) 
teddystr, jeddestr, n, horse, steed. 

teddystrawd, horses, stud of horses 
teddyw, tethyw, v, he has gone 
ef, efe (for efo), pn, he, him; it. ef- 

allai, feallai, perhaps 
teiangel, etc. See efengyl 
tefangelystor, n, evangelist 
tefain, a, moving, on the move (eddain) 
efengyl -au, nf, gospel 
efengylaidd, tefengylol, a, evangelical; 

t\ angelistic 
efengyleiddiad, n, evangelization 
efengyleiddio, v, to evangelize (world, 

country, etc.) 
efengyies -au, nf, female evangelist 
efengylu, v, to evangelize; to preach 

the fiospel 
efengylwr, wyr, ti, evangelist; gospeller 
efengylydd -ion, n, evangelist 
efelychiad -au, n, imitation 
efelychiadol, a, imitative 
efelychu, v, to resemble; to imitate 
ef elychwr, wyr, n, imitator 
tefelly, ad, in that way; so; thus 
teflenwi, v, to fill, to fulfil, to acco-m- 

plish 
efnuch, eunuch -laid, n, eunuch 



fefnyn -nau, n, minute particle, atom 
fefnys, np, enemies, foes 
efo, pn, he, him; it 
efo, pr, with (the preceding) 
tefory, aíí=yfory 
efr -au, en (efryn, n), tare, darnel 
tEfrai, H & a, Hebrew 
tefrais, a, corpulent; big 
tefras, n, plumpness: a, plump 
tefrefu, tefreu, v, to low; to bleat 
tEfrewysion, np, the Hebrews 
tefrllid -au, n, merit, desert 
tEfroeg, nf, Hebrew 
efryd -iau -ion, n, study, meditation 
efrydfa -oedd, feydd, nf, study 
efrydgar, a, studious 
efrydiaeth -au, nf, study 
efrydu, v, to meditate, to study 
efrydydd -ion, efryd wyr, n, student 
efrydd -ion, a, maimed, disabled, crip- 
pled 
efryddu, v, to maim, to disable, to 

cripple 
tefryddwst, nf, palsy 
tefwr, n, hedge, shelter 
efwr, ewr, efyrllys, n, cow-parsnip 
efydd, n, bronze; copper; brass 
tefyddaid, a, brass, brazen ■ 
tefyddawl, a, of brass or bronze 
efydden -nau, nf, efyddyn -nau, n, ' cop- 
per ' ; cauldron 
tefyll, np, apple-trees 
efyntau, pn, emphat. of yntau 
efyrllys, n. See efwr 
tefyrnig, nf, yearling goat 
effaith, eifeithiau, nf, eôect 
teffeiriad, laid, w=ofleiriad 
effeithio, v, to eftect, to affect 
effeithiol, a, eflectual, effective, efficient 
effeithioli, v, to render effectual 
effeithiolrwydd, n, efficacy, efficiency 
tefferen, );/=offeren 
eflro, a, awake; vigilant 
teflroi, V, to rouse, to wake; to awake 
effros, en, the euphrasy 
egfaen, n & c.;, haw, hawthorn berry; 

haws 
egin -au, np (-yn, n), germs, shoots, 

blades, sprouts 
teginhad, n, sprouting, germination 
egino, i^, to germinate, to shoot, to 

sprout 
eginol, a, germinant, shooting 
teglan, nf, brink 

173 



EGL 



EHA 



eglur, a, bright, clear; plain, evident; fegrygi, n, hoarseness 

obvious, manifest; lucid; brilliantt; fegryn, h, trembling, tremor; fear: a, 

splendidt, famoust, renowned! trembling 

egluradwy, a, demonstrable, explicable tegwal -au, n, cot, hut 

eglurdeb, eglurder, n, clearness, bright- egwan, a, weak, feeble, faint, drooping 

ness; perspicuity, lucidity; bril- fegwanaeth, nf, fegwander, u, feeble- 



liancet, splendourf 
eglureb -au, «/, illustration 



ness, debility, imbecility 
tegweddi, îau, nj, dowry 



eglurhad -au, n, explanation, demon- fegweryd, n, equerry 

stration, manifestation fegweryd, «/>, equerries, horsemen, body- 

eglurhadaeth, nf, exegesis; exposition guard 

eglurhaol, egluriadol, a, explanatory egwyd -ydd, ;;/, fetlock ; fetter (2 Sam. 

eglurhau, v, to explain, to expound, to iii. 34) 

make manifest (John iii. 21) ; to tegwydled, n, small of the leg 

lightf, to shinet egwyddor -ion -au, nf, alphabet; rudi- 

egluro, V, to manifest, to explain ; to ment ; principle 

light upt; to cleart, to clarifyt egwyddori, v, to instruct; to ground, 

teglurwch, n, clearness, brightness, to initiate 

brilliance, splendour egwyddorol, a, alphabetical; of princi- 

eglurwr, eglurydd, wyr, n, expositor, pie, high-principled 



illustrator 
fegluryn, «=eglurwr 
teglwg, í7= eglur 
eglwys -i -ydd t-au, nf, church 
eglwysa, v, to church 
eglwysaidd, a, church-like, churchy 
eglwyseg, nf, ecclesiology 



egwyddorwas, weision, n, apprentice 
egwyddorwr, wyr, w, teacher, catechist 
egwyl -ion, nf, lull, respite; opportunity, 

leisure 
feng, )(. See heng 
engan, nf= eingion (dial) 
tenghrafl -au -oedd, n/=enghraiflt 



eglwysig, 0, (of a) church, ecclesiastical.j enghraiftt, enghreifftiau, nf, example 
Gŵr eghrysjg, clergyman, ecclesiastic '' inctanr-P 



feglwysol, a, ecclesiastical 
eglwyswr, wyr, feglwysydd -ion. 

churchman ; clergymanf 
eglwyswraig, wragedd, 

woman 
Eglwysyddiaeth, nf, churchism, Angl 

canism 
oglyn, ", the golden saxifrage 



mstance 
tenghreifîtio, v, to reprove, to rebuke 
enghreifftiol, a, exemplary 
tengi, V, to bring forth, to deliver 
nf, church- tengir, fengiriol, a, terrible, frightful 
jengiroliaeth, nf, frightfulness 
englyn -ion, n, a Welsh alliterative 

stanza of four lines 
tenglynio, i'=englynu 



egni, îon, n, effort, exertion, might, englynu, v, to compose englynion 

energy. A'i holl egni, with all his englynwr, wyr, /i, composer of aMg/ynion 

might engraifft, nf. See enghraifft 

egnlad -au, n, exertion fengur, a= engir 

egnîo, V, to endeavour, to make an effort engyl, np, angels : s. angel 

egnîol, a, vigorous, forcible, strenuous, fengyl -ion, n, angel 



energetic 
tegor, V, to open : n, opening 
jegored, &c. = agored, &c. 



tengyn, n, outcast, wretch 
tengyriol, i7 = engiriol, anguriol 
fengyrrith, tengyrth, a, awful, direful 



egr, a, sharp, tart; sour; severe; fierce, fehaer, a, conspicuous, 



savage 
tegrid -au, n, oxide 
tegriflt, n, griffin, griffon 



ehangder, eangderau, n, breadth, ampli- 
tude, immensity; space, expanse 
ehangiad, n, amplifying; enlargement 



egroes, np (-en, nf), berries of the dog- ehangu, v, to enlarge, to extend 



rose, hips 
egru, V, tc grow stale or acid 
tegryd, n & i( = egryn 



ehangydd, n, enlarger (Deut. xxxiii. 20) 
tehalaeth, «=ehelaeth 
tehalaethder, H=ehelaethder 
174 



^ (V^JUiOU'. 



EHA 



EING 



tehawnrwydd, n, boldness 

tehebog, «= hebog 

ehed -ion, «/, flight: a, flying 

ehedbysg -od, n & en, flying fish 
ehedeg, v, to fly, to skim; to run to seed 

ehedfa -oedd, f'eydd, «/, flight 
ehedfaen, fain, feini, n, loadstone, mag- 
net 
ehedfan, v, to hover, to fly 
ehedgan -au, «/, fugue 
ehediad -au, n, flight, flying 
ehediad, iaid, n, fowl, bird 

ehedion, np, refuse of corn, chafi 

ehedtg, a, having flight, flying 

ehedol, a, relating to flight, volant 

ehedwr, wyr, n, flyer 

ehedydd -ion, », lark. Ehedydd bach, 
meadow lark 

ehedyn, n, winged creature 

tehegr, n, the staggers, disease in horses 

teheg(y)r, a, quick, hasty, sudden, 
abrupt. Yn ehegr, quickly, promptly, 
early, soon, suddenly 

tehengi, i;=ehangu 

tehelaeth, a, abundant ; great, mighty 

tehelaethder, fehelaethrwydd, ;;, abund- 
ance 

tehöog, n, heather: a, heath-coloured 

fehofn, a=eofn 

ehofnder, ehofndra, «, fearlessness, 
boldness, confidence, daring 

tehofni, v, to embolden, to encourage 

ehud, a, easily deceived, rash; simple, 
fooUsh, credulous (Prov. xiv. 15) 

tehudad, «, deception, seduction 

ehudrwydd, n, rashness, folly 

tehwyr, a, slow, tardy 

tehwyrdra, n, slowness, tardiness 

jehwyrhau, v, to delay 

ei, pn, his, her; its 

ei, ai, V, thou wilt go 

eich, pn, your. Eich dau, both of you 

feichiog, a, noisy 

Eidalaidd, a, Italian 

Eidaleg, nf, Italian 

Eldalwr, wyr, n, Italian : /. Eidales 

teidiog, a, lively, vigorous, mettlesome 

teidiol, a, lively, animated 

eidion -nau, n, ox, steer, bullock; neat 

eidral, en, ground-ivy 

eiddew, en, ivy 

eiddgar, a, zealous, ardent 

elddgarwch, n, zeal, fervour, ardour 

eiddi, pn-f, hers. See eiddo 



eiddiar, n, heath, heather, ling 

teiddig, a, jealous 

teiddigafael, v, to harm, to injure 

eiddigedd, n, jealousy; zeal 

eiddigeddu, v, to be jealous, to envy; to 
have zeal 

eiddigeddus, a, jealous, envious 

teiddigor, n, superior 

eiddigus, a, jealous; zealous 

eiddil, a, slender, small; feeble, weak, 
frail, eiddilod, feeble or puny ones 

eiddilaidd, a, feeble, weakly 

eiddileb, nf, meiosis, litotes 

eiddilo, V, to enfeeble 

eiddilwch, n, slenderness, feebleness 

eiddilwr, eiddilyn, wyr, n, weakling 

feiddio, V, to own 

teiddiog, n, slave 

eiddiorwg, en, ivy= eiddew 

eiddo, n, property, chattels: pn, his, &c. 
Eiddof, eiddot, eiddo, eiddi, eiddom, 
eidduch, eiddvnt, mine, thine, his, hers, 
ours, yours, theirs 

feiddo, n, ivy= eiddew 

teiddoawg, a, ivy-clad 

teiddoedd, n, property^ eiddo 

teiddol -au -ion, n, idol 

feiddun, a, desirous, fond; desirable: n, 
wish ; vow : v, to vow, to wish 

teidduned -au, nf, desire, choice; vow 

eidduniant, n, desire, longing 

eidduno, v, to desire, to wish ; to pro- 
mise, to vow; to pray 

eiddunol, a, delectable 

teiddunserch, n, consecrated love, holy 
love 

teiddwng, a, contiguous, near: n, neigh- 
bour 

teifwyn, fl=addfwyn 

Eifltaidd, a, Egyptian 

Eifftiwr, wyr, Eifftiad, iaid, n, Egyptian; 
/. EifTtes 

eigian, v, to sobf; to hiccup: n, hiccup 

teigio, j;=heigio 

eigion, n, middle; bottom; depth; heart 
(fig.); abyss, the ocean, the deep 

teigr -ion, nf, virgin, maid, belle (from 
Eigr, the mother of Arthur) 

teigrau, np, stockings without feet 

feingaw, v, to be contained in 

teingaw, v, to worry; to annoy, to 
molest ; to grumble 

eingion -au, nf, anvil 

Eingl, up, Angles 

^75 



EIL 

eil-, /5 1=^ ail, second 

eil -iau, nf, aisle, annexe; shed 

teilasaf, n, leader, chieftain 

eilcli, up, grates, grills, gridirons 

eilchwaith, ai/=eilwaith 

eilchwyl, ad, once more, again 

eilddydd, n, second day 

eileb -au, nf, copy 

teilenwi, j=eflenwi 

teilewydd -ion, n, musician 

eilfam -au, ni. second mother (fig.) 

eilfyd, n, the world to come; future 

state 
eilfydd, a, like, ahke, similar 
teilfyddu, v, to liken, to compare; to 

imitate 
eiliad -au, n, second, moment 
teiliad, H, wattling ; interweaving, plait- 
ing, plait ; construction, composition 
eilio, V, to wattlet; to weavef; to plait ; 

to construct, to compose ; to sing; to 

second 
teilir -ion, n, regeneration; spring. Al- 

h'an eilir, \'ernal equinox 
teilir, teilier -au, n, butterfly 
eiliw -oedd, n, colour, hue, aspect, 

figure, image, form, shape; glimmer 
feiliwed, «, reproach, shame, disgrace; 

misery 
eiliwr, wyr, n, seconder 
teiliwr, wyr, feilydd -ion, n, plaiter; 

poet, songster 
feiloes, n/, second age; second time: 

ad, again 
teilon, n, music, melody 
teilon, n, liart, roebuck 
feilpai, ad, as if, as though 
eilun -od, n, image; idol; figuref. typet 
teilun -iau, n, copy 
eilunartdolgar, a, idolatrous 
eilunaddoli, v, to worship idols 
eilunaddoliad, ;;, eilunaddoliaeth, nf, 

idolatry 
eilunaddolwr, wyr, n, idolator, wor- 
shipper of images 
teilunio, V, to imitate, to copy 
eilwaith, »/ & ad, second time; again 
feilwers, nf & ad, again, anew, afresh. 

Fob eilwers. Bob eikvers, alternately 
teilwg, a=amlwg 
jeilwy -on, n, musician 
teilwys, ad, again 
tsilwydd, n, love meeting, assignation, 

tryst 



EIS 

teilydd, n, equal, second (to) 

eilydd -ion, n, seconder 

teilywed, ;i=eiliwed 

eill, pn, they=ill 

teilliaetli, nf, serfdom 

teilliedydd -ion, n, shaver, barber 

eillio, V, to shave 

eilliwr, wyr, n, shaver, barber 

ein, pn, our. feinom, teinym, ours, 
Ein dan, we two, the two of us, both 
of us 

einioes, nf, life, lifetime 

einion -au, nf, anvil=eingion 

teinwch, pn, yours 

eira, n, snow. Bwrw eira, to snow 

eiraog, a, snowy 

teiras, n, (burning) log 

teirchiad, iaid, n, suitor, suppliant 

eirchion, np, petitions: s. arch 

feirf, a plural of art 

feiriach, v, to spare {i Sam. xv. 3) 

teirian, a, splendid, bright, fair 

feirias -au, n, great fire, blaze 

eirias, a, burning, glowing, fiery 

teiriawg, a, snowy 

feirif, n, number, count 

eirin, np (-en, nf), plums; ' stones ' (Lev. 
xxi. 20; Deut. xxiii. i). Eirin Mai, 
Eirin Mair, gooseberries. Eirin 
gwlanog, peaches. Eirin pertlii, sloes 

eirinbren -nau, ;i, plum-tree {pren tirin) 

eirin wydd, np (-en, nf), plum-trees 

feirioed, arf=erioed 

feirioes, a, fair, beautiful, pure, holy 

teirioes, /;/, nature, disposition, character 

eiriol, V, to intercede, to plead, to pray, 
to entreat, to beseech, to implore 

eiriolaeth, nf, teirioled, feiriolwch, n, 
intercession, entreaty, prayer 

eirioli,î;= eiriol 

eiriolwr, wyr, eiriolydd -ion, h, inter- 
cessor, mediator, advocate 

eirionyn, n, selvage, thong; tape 

eirlaw, n, sleet 

eirllyd, a, snowy 

teirmoed, arf=erraoed 

feirthio, v, to growl; to bait; to thrust 

eirwlaw, n. See eirlaw 

eirw(y), pi. eirwyau, eirwau, nf, cas- 
cade, cataract, waterfall 

feiry, n, snow=eira 

teirychu, v, to cause, to occasion 

els, V, I went (colloq. for euthum) 

eisen, ais, nf, rib; lath 

176 



jJlju).^ n). cJU^cd 



EIS 



ELI 



eisglwyf, n, pleurisy 

eisiau, eisieu, n, want, need, lack, neces- 
sity. Eisiau b-dL'yd, hunger. Yn 
eisiau, wanting, lacking, missing 

teisillydd, teisilledd, en, offspring, issue 

eisin, en, bran, husk 

teisingrug, n, heap of bran or husks: a, 
light, unsubstantial 

eisinllyd, eisinog, «, branny, husky 

feisiwed, feisiwyd, n, indigence, want 

teisiwedig, «, needy 

teisiwedigion, up, poor, needy 

eisoes, eisioes, teiswys: ad, already; 
yet"!-, neverthelessf 

feisor, a, equal, similar, like: n, manner 

teisorawd, a, equal 

feisorig, a, equal = eisor 

eistedd, eiste, v, to sit, to be seated; to 
seat; to be situatedf, to standf; to 
besiegef: n, sitting; the act of sit- 
ting. Ar ei eistedd, sitting 

eisteddfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, nf, seat, 
throne; seet; sitet, situationf 

teisteddfainc, feinciau, nf, throne 

eisteddfod -au, nf, seat; sitting; session 
(Ps. cvii. 32; Judith vi. i); congress 
of bards or literati ; competitive meet- 
ina.. (Render ' eisteddfod ') 

eisteddiodol, a, pertaining to eisteddfod, 
L'isteddfodic 

eisteddfodwr, wyr, «, cherisher or 
supporter of eisteddfodau 

eisteddiad -au, n, sitting, session 

eisteddle -oedd, n seat, sitting, pew 

eisteddog, a, sitting, sedentary 

eisteddol, a, sitting, seated 

eisteddwr, wyr, ;;, sitter 

teiswys, ad. See eisoes 

feisy, n, want, lack 

teisydydd, «=eisyllydd 

teisyddyn, n, holding, tenement 

feisyfyd, feisywyd, ad, suddenly 

teisyfflad, a, hissed out 

teisyllydd, en, uffspring=eisillydd 

feisy wedig, a=eisiwedig 

teisywedigion, «/)=eisiwedigion 

eisys, ad= eisoes 

eithaf, a, extreme, farthest, utmost, 
utter, uttermost. Eithaf gwir, quite 
true. Yr wyf fi yn eithaf, I am all 
right. Byddai yn eithaf peth, it would 
not be a bad thing 

eitiiaf -ion, n, extreme, extremity, end 



eithafbwynt -iau, n, extreme point, 
extreme, extremity 

teithafigion, np, aliens, foreigners 

eitliafnod -au, n, furthest point, ex- 
treme, extremity 

eitliafoedd, np, remotest region, utter- 
most parts; extremes, extremities 

eithafal, a, extreme 

eithafradd, nf, superlative degree 

eitliafwr, wyr, eithafydd -ion, n, ex- 
tremist 

eithin, up, furze, gorse 

eithinen, nf, furze bush 

elthinfyw, nf, savine 

eitliinog, a, full of furze, lurzy 

eitlir, pr, except, without; besides; be- 
yondt. t-Ei'^»" wod:i, beyond measure: 
c, but 

teithrad, aid, n, stranger, foreigner 

eitliriad -au, n, exception 

eitliriadol, a, exceptional 

eithrio, v, to except; to exclude 

el, elo, v.subj, will, shall, or may go 

telain, elanedd, alanod, nf, hind, fawn 

telcys, np {-en, nf), wild geese 

jelchwyl, fl</=eilchwyl 

telech -au, nf, slate, flag, slab 

eleni, ad, this year 

telenwi, î;=eflenwi 

felestr -on, en (-en, nf), sword-flag, 
fleur-de-lis, iris 

felled, n, autumn. Alban elfed, autum- 
nal equinox 

elf en -nau, nf, element ; particle; letterf , 
characterf 

elfeniad -au, n, analysis 

elfennol, a, elemental, elementary, con- 
stituent 

elfennu, v, to analyse 

felfydd, n, the earth, the world 

felfydd, a, like, alike, similar (eilfydd) 

felfyddu, v, to compare, to liken 

felgeth -i, nf, the chin, the jaw 

eli, ellau, elîon, elîoedd, n, ointment, 
unguent, salve; plaster; medicamentf, 
medicationf , remedyf 

eliaid, a, ointment-like 

elifiant -od -iaid, feliffaint, n, elephant. 
Asgwrn eli ff ant, ivory 

eliffantaidd, a, elephantine 

elin -au -oedd -edd, nf, angle, bend; 
elbow 

elino, V, to elbow 



12 



177 



ELI ENE 

elinog, ft, angular tema, aá=yma 

elîo, V, to salve, to anoint, to smear temano, ad, three days hence 

teliw, 11, oil femawr, a. Y.. emawr, much 

elor -au t-awr t-ydd» "/. bier; litter, femeith, >i/7, husbandmen: s. amaeth 

Elor feirch, horse-bier; litter temelltigo, v, to curse 

elorgerbyd -au, n, hearse temelltith, etc. See melltith 

elorlen -ni, n/, pall temendigaid, a, cursed 

elorwely, n, streicher, litter temendio, temendo, v, to amend, to 

felorwydd, n, bier, hearse correct 

elusen -au -i, nf, alms, charity, bounty, temennydd, temhennydd, ';, the brain 

benevolence; meritorious deed =ymennydd 

elusendod, n, charity, benevolence temhiniog, teminiog -au, ;t=amhiniog 

elusendy, dai, «, almshouse emprwr, tempriwr, wyr, ;i, emperor 

eiusengar, a, charitable, benevolent emrallt, temral, n, emerald 

elusengarwch, n, charity, benevolence fBmriw, n, edge of a bank 
elusenol, a, eleemosynary. Swyddog femwlsg, nf, jewelled robe 

ehiseiiol, relievine officer femyl, >(/=yniyl 

elusenwr, wyr, «, almoner emyn -au, n, hymn, chant 

elw, thelw, n, possession, gain, profit, emyniadur -on, n, hymnal, hymnary 

lucre. Ar fy {h)elw, in my possession emynol, a, hymnic, hymnal 
elwa, V, to gain, to profit; to get wealth; emynu, v, to hymn, to chant 

to trade emynwr, wyr, emynydd -ion, ;i, hymn- 

telwch, n, shout of joy; joy, gladness ist, hymnologist 

telwig, n, figure, form, shape emynyddiaeth, 7i/, hymnody, hymnology 

elwlod, np (elwlen, nf), the kidneys emynyddol, a, hymnologic 

telwydd, n=eilwydd temys, ;^,^, stallions, steeds : s. amws 

telydn, felydr, n, bronze, brass, copper enaid, eidiau, n & w/f, life; soul 
felyt, n, wealth, riches (plural of alaf) fenbaid, rt = enbyd 
telyf, n, alum fenbeidrwydd, ;; = enbydrwydd 

felyflu, H, a numerous host fenbeidus, rt = enbydus 

f elyw, n, olive enbyd, a, dangerous, perilous, fearful 

telyw, 11, aloe; aloes; juice of aloes enbydol, ci, perilous, hazardous 
tell, pn=ì\ì enbydrwydd, n, peril, danger, jeopardy 

tellael -iau, nf, eyebrow enbydu, v, to endanger, to imperil, to 

ellaig, np (elleigen, nf), pears=gellaig jeopardize, to hazard 
fellain, a, fine, radiant, splendid enbydus, a, perilous, dangerous 

EUmyn, np (Allman, n), Germans encil -ion, n, retreat, flight 

Eilmynaidd, a, German encilfa, feydd, nf, retreat 

EUmyneg, w/, German enciliad -au, ;;, retreat; desertion; 

Ellmynwr, wyr, n, German: /. Ellmynes secession 

telltrewyn -au, nf, stepmother enciliedig, a, retired; withdrawn; re- 

tellwng, t'=gellwng, gollwng treating, receding 

ellyll -on, n, ghost, spectre ; elf, goblin, enoilio, v, to retreat, to retire; to recede; 

fiend, demon to withdraw; to desert, to secede 

ellyllaidd, a, ghostly, spectral ; elfish, enciliol, a, retreating, retiring, receding 

fiendish enoiliwr, wyr, «, retreater, seceder; de- 

tellylldan, n, ignis fatuus serter (Jer. xxxix. 9Ì 

ellylles -au, nf, she-goblin; she-demon, encudd -ion, «, concealment 

fury enciiddio, v, to conceal 

ellyllig, fl, fiendish encyd, n, space; while 

ellyllyn, n, elf, imp fendaw, î)=andaw, gwrandaw 

ellyn -od, n, razor fenderig -edd, r. steer, ox 

tellynedd, ad, last year (Uynedd) jeneichiad, n, one of low birth; wretch 

tem, n, gem, jewel jeneichiog, a, of low birth 

178 



ENE 



ENW 



eneideg, «/, psychology 
eneidegydd -ion, n, psychologist 
teneidfaddeu, n, one sentenced to death 
eneidio, v, to endue with soul 
eneitìiog, a, having a soul, animate 
eneidiol, a, animate, animated; of the 

soul, psychic; living 
teneidrwydd, n, the temple(5) 
teneinfa, fâu, «/, bath 
eneiniad -au, n, anointing, unction. Yr 

eneiiiiad olaf, extreme unction 
eneinio, v, to anoint; to bathef 
eneiniog, a, anointed. Yr Eneiniog, the 

Anointed, the Messiah, Christ 
eneiniwr, wyr, n, anointer 
fener, ;;., lord, prince, chief 
enfawr, a, very great, huge, vast, im- 
mense, enormous 
tenfll -od, n, animal, beast 
tenfyn, v, to send (anfon) 
enfys, fenfysg -au, m/, rainbow; iris 
tenhudded, nf, covering, envelope 
enhuddo, v, to envelop, to shadow; to 

cover (i Kings i. i) 
enillfawr, a, lucrative, remunerative 
enillgar, a, gainful, profitable, lucrative; 

winsome, attractive 
enillwr, enillydd, wyr, n, gainer, winner 
teniwed, eidiau, eidion, n, harm, hurt, 

injury, damage 
feniweidiad, «, injury 
feniweidio, v, to harm, to hurt, to in- 
jure 
teniweidiol,a,harmful, hurtful, injurious 
jeniwo, V, to harm, to hurt, to injure 
eclüb -ion -iau, «, slander, calumny, libel 
enllibaidd, a, slanderous, libellous 
enllibio, v, to slander, to libel 
enllibiwr, wyr, », slanderer, libeller 
enllibus, a, slanderous, libellous 
enllyn, n, anything eaten with bread, 

as butter, clieese, or meat; ' relish ' 
tenmynedd, !i=amynedd 
ennaint, eneiniau, », ointment, unguent, 

unction; bathf 
ennill, v, to gain, to win, to earn, to get, 

to procure; to profit, to benefit; to 

beget 
ennill, enillion, n, advantage, gain, 

profit, enillion, profits, earnings 
ennyd, n & nf, while, time, moment; 

space; leisure, opportunity, respite 
ennyn, v, to kindle, to hght, to bum, to 

inflame ; to excite : n, kindling 



tenrhyal, n, breed, progeny, strain, in- 
crease 

tenrhydedd, etc.= anrhydedd, etc. 

tenrhyfedd, a, wonderful, strange: n, 
wonder, marvel 

tenrhyfeddod -au, n/, wonder, marvel 

tenrhyfeddu, v, to wonder, to marvel 

fenrhyfeddwch, n, strangeness, wonder, 
marvel; astonishment, wonderment, 
surprise 

ensyniad -au, n, insinuation 

ensynio, v, to insinuate 

tentred -au, «, plaster, poultice 

tentrew, «, a sneeze 

tentrewi, v, to sneeze 

entrych, tentyrch -oedd, n, tlie firma- 
ment, height, zenith 

enw -au, n, name, appellation; noun. 
Enw cadarn, noun substantive. Enw 
gwan, noun adjective. Enw priod, 
Enw priodnl, proper noun or name 

enwad -au, n, denomination, sect 

enwadaeth, nf, sectarianism 

enwadgar, a, loving one's denomination, 
sectarian 

enwadgarwch, n, sectarian bias, sectar- 
ianism 

enwadol, a, denominational, sectarian; 
nominative 

enwadwr, wyr, n, denominationist, de- 
nominationalist, sectarian, sectary 

enwaededig, a, circumcised 

enwaediad -au, n, circumcision 

enwaedu, v, to draw bloodf; to circum- 
cise 

enwaedwr, wyr, n, circumciser 

fenwai, eion, n, nominative case 

tenwair, a, lively, vigorous 

tenwaisg, a, brisk, vigorous, lively 

tenwawd, n, nomination, title 

enwebiad -au, n, nomination 

enwebu, v, to nominate 

enwedig, a, specified, specific, special, 
especial, particular; nominativef. Yn 
enwedig, especially 

tenwedigaeth, nf, nomination, dis- 
posal 

enwedigol, a, specific, special, especial, 
particular; nominative 

tenwerys, /;, praise, fame: a, famous 

enwi, V, to name, to entitle; to nomi- 
nate 

tenwir, a, trusty 

tenwir, a=^anwir (Job xxii. 15) 
179 



ENW 

tenwiredd, ;! = anwiredd 

enwog, a, famous, renowned, celebrated, 
noted, eminent, enwogion, famous 
men, celebrities 

enwogi, î', to make or become famous 

enwogrwydd, n, fame, renown, celebrity 

enwol, «, nominal, naming 

fenwyllt, a, very wild, furious 

enwyn, n, {llacih eiiwyn) buttermilk 

tenycha, i, behold, lo 

tenynedigaeth, >i/=enyniad 

enynfa -oedd, h/, burning, inflammation 

enyniad -au, n, kindling, burning, in- 
fiamniation 

enynnol, a, burning, glowing; tending 
to kindle, inflammatory; inflamed 

enynnu, i;=ennyn 

eoca, V, to catch salmon 

eo£n, tehofn, a, fearless, bold, darmg, 
forward 

eofnder, n=ehofnder 

eolndra, ;í=ehoíndra 

eofnhau, v, to embolden, to encourage 

eog -iaid -au, n, salmon, eogyn, «, 
samlet 

eon, ■i^c.= eofn, Ä:c 

teorth, a, diligent, assiduous; active 

eos -au -iaid -ydd, nf, nightingale 

eosaidd, a, like a nightingale 

epa -od, n, ape, monkey 

tepa, V, to deal in horses 

epil -oedd, en, offspring, issue, brood, 
progeny, posterity 

tepiledd, cM=epil 

epilgar, a, fecund, prolific, teeming 

epilgarwch, n, fecundity 

epiliad, n, epiliaeth, nf, generation, 
procreation, breeding, propagation 

epilio, V, to bring forth, to breed 

epiliog, if, prohfic 

epistol -au, 11, epistle 

epistolaidd, a, epistolary 

epistolwr, wyr, n, epistler 

eples, ;', leaven, ferment 

eplesiad, n, fermentation 

eplesol, a, fermentative 

eplesu, V, to leaven, to ferment 

tepynt, u, horse -path, bridle-path 
leb + hyni) 

er, |yr, pr, for, because of, in tlie place 
of, in order to; towards; to; for the 
sake of; since; though, notwithstand- 
ing, erof, erot, erddo, erddi, erom, 
eroch, erddynt, for me, for thee, &c. 



ERE 

Er ys dyddiau, days ago. Er mwyn, 
for the sake of, in order to 

eraill, ereill, pii-p, others : s. arall 

terbarch, n, respect, honour, reverence 

terber, n, garden=herber 

erbin, n, tlie calamint 

terblith -iau, n, amalgam, alloy 

erbyn -ion, ;;, contrast, opposition. Yn 
erbyn, against; to meet 

erbyn, pr, agauist, opposite, by 

erbyn, terbynio, ferbyniaid, ferbynied, 
V, to receive; to meet 

terbyniwr, wyr, n, receiver 

jerch, "î/^fereh 

erch, a, speckled, dusky, dun; dismal; 
awful, frightful, hideous; dire 

erchi, v, to ask, lo pray, to demand, to 
bid, to command, to enjoin 

terchewynnu, v, to go up, to enter 

erchlais, leisiau, n, hoarse cry, croak 

terehlas, a, dark grey, dun 

erehliw, n, dun colour 

erchwyn -nau -ion, n & nf, side, especially 
of a bed; protectorf 

terchwynedig, a, transitive 

terchwynedigaeth, nf, deportation 
transportation, captivity, exile 

ferchwyniog -ion, «, side-post of bed; 
bedfellow; protector 

terchwyrn, a, sharply penetrating 

ferehwys, nf, pack of hounds 

terchyll, M/?=archollion 

erchyll, a, awful, frightful, fearful, hor- 
rible, terrible, hideous 

erchyllfa, nf, place of horrors, inferno, 
hell 

erchyllter -au, n, horror, atrocity 

erchylltod, erchylltra, ii, horror, hideous- 
ness 

erchyllu, v, to be or to make hideous 

ferddigan -au, nf, melody, tune; har- 
mony ; rliythm ; song, chant 

terddrym, a, conspicuous, exposed, 
open, noble 

terddyfwl, n, purpose 

terddygan, >i/=erddigan 

terddygnawd, n, trouble, anxiety, sor- 
row, labour, travail 

terddygnawd, a, compact 

terddygnu, v, to toil hard, to labour 

feredig, D=aredig 

tereneigus, ferenigus, ii=aryneigus 

teres, a, wonderful, wondrous, marvel- 
lous, amazing, strange 

1 80 



ERE ERTH 

teresi, ferysi, n, amazement, wonder t^rhylfa, fâu, n/, position ot each person 

terestyn, n, minstrel, buffoon, juggler in hunt 

(eres + dyn) ferhylgi, gwn, v, hound 
teresu, v, to wonder, to marvel erioed, ad, from the beginning, ever 
terfai, a, blameless, faultless; splendid (time past) 
erfawr, a, very great, vast, huge eriedigaeth -au, nf, persecution 
terfid, V, to encounter, to contend: n, eriid, v, to foUowf; to pursue, to prose- 
conflict, encounter cute; to chase; to persecute: -iau, n, 
erfin, up (-en, n/), turnips pursuit, chase; persecution 
terflawdd, a, princely eriidfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, nf, persecution 
erfyn, pi. arfau, n, weapon; tool erlidgar, a, given to persecution, per- 
erfyn, v, to ask, to desire, to request, to secuting 

pray, to beg, to implore, to beseech, erlidgarwch, n, persecuting zeal 

to petition; to expectf eriidio, v, to pursue, to chase 

erfyn -iau -ion, n, erfyniad -au, n, re- erlidiol, a, pursuing; persecuting 

quest, petition, prayer, entreaty erlidiwr, wyr, n, pursuer; persecutor 

terfynlaid, i)= erfyn eriyn, v, to followf; to pursue, to prose- 

erfyniol, a, supplicatory cute 

erfyniwr, wyr, n, suppliant ferlynedigaeth -au, nf, persecution 

terglywad, a, hearing terlyniad, iaid, n, follower, pursuer 

terglywed, I', to listen, to hearken, to hear erlyniad, n, erlyniaeth, nf, pursuit, 

tergryd, n, trembling, tremor, fear, prosecution, persecution 

terror, horror, dread ferlyniawdr, odron, n, successor 

ergrydio, v, to quake, to cause to quake; eriynydd -ion, erlyniwr, wyr, n, pursuer, 

to frighten, to terrify; to fear prosecutor; persecutor! 

tergryf, a, strong, mighty forHyfasu, v, to dare, to venture 

tergryn, n, trembling, terror, horror, erllyriad, iaid, n, the plantain 

dread ferHysan, a, courtly 

tergrynaw, i'=ergrynu termid, ;;. hermit 

tergrynawd, n, trepidation ■ fermidedd, n, eremitic life 

fergrynedig, a, trembling, timid, fearful fermidwr, wyr, n, hermit 

tergrynedigaeth, nf, fear, terror, dread ermig -ion, «, instrument, tool, machine, 

tergrynig, rt, causing terror, fearful engine; organ (of body); faculty, 

tergrynu, v, to tremble, to quake, to bump 

shudder, to fear, to dread termig, fermyg, n, cataract, cascade 

ergyd -ion t-iau, n & nf, throw, cast; ermin, », ermine 

shot; charge; blow, stroke; shock; fermitwr, wyr, », eremite, hermit 

force, gist, meaning, purport, scope, termoed, ad, in all my life; ever 

drift fermyg, a, admired, admirable 

ergydiaeth, n/, gunner\-; science of fermygu, v, to pile up; to extol; to 

projectiles admire 

ergydio, v, to cast, to throw, to shoot; ermyn, n, ermine 

to strike; to direct one's coursef; to em, nf, earnest, pledge 

got, to reachf ernes -au, nf, earnest, pledge 

ergydiwr, wyr, M, thrower, caster; striker ferniwed, ferniwiant, n, harm, hurt, 

tergyllaeth, w= argyllaeth injury 

tergynan, n, paragon. Ergynan rhian- ferniwo, v, to harm, to hurt, to injure 

edd, paragon of maidens emo, v. to give earnest 

fergyr -ion, n, blow, hit, throw, im- fernychu, v, to oppress, to vex 

pulse, thrust; tumult ers, pr, since (er ys) 

tergyrch, n, onset, attack fertolwg, î;=atolwg 

tergyrwayw, nf, attacking-spear tertrai, n, ebb, ebb-tide 

tergyswr, M=argyswr ferthwch, ychion, n, puff, gasp, pant; 

terhyl, n/. See eryl anguish; groan, grunt: ü=erthychain 



^J^M^ ^»^53. ]t\Jtg ■ f) ŴA^j ^ 3 rttwvftA, 



ERTH 



ËSG 



terthychain, v, to piiil, to gasp, to pant; 
to groan; to grunt; to roar 

erthygl -au, );/, article 

erthyl -od, n, untimely birth, abortion 

erthylaidd, a, abortive 

erthyiiad, ;i, abortion, miscarriage 

erthylog, a, abortive 

erthylu, v, to abort, to miscarry 

erthyniad, ", erthyniaeth, nf, subtraction 

erthynnu, v, to subtract 

terthyst, n, witness; evidence 

erw -au t-J t-ydd, nf, acre; field. Erw'r 
gwaed, the field of blood 

erwain, erwaint, en, meadow-sweet 

terwan, n, stab, prick, sting 

ferwanu, v, to stab, to pierce, to sting 

erwig, nf, small plot ol land 

erwyd -ydd, nf, pole, perch; pikef, 
speart 

erwydd, up (-en, nf), cooper's staves; 
stave (in music) 

erwydd -au, nf, staff, pole, perch 

ferwydd, ^j = herwydd: c, because, for 
(oherwydd) 

terwyll, a, dark, gloomy, dusky, dan 

ferwyn, a, very white; splendid 

terwyr, a, tardy; crooked, oblique 

ferwyre, a, rising 

erydr, np, ploughs: s. aradr 

teryf -oedd, n, impulse, push 

teryfed, v, to drink 

feryl, v, to look out, to watch 

feryl -oedd, uf, place of outlook in 
hunting [er -\-hyi=hela) 

teryneigus, a=aryneigus 
eryr -od t-on, ;;, eagle. Eryr melyn, 
golden eagle. Eryr y tr.ôr, the osprey 
eryr, n, eryrod, en, shingles 
eryrai, ;i/, the eagle-stone 
eryraidd, a, eagle-like, aquiline 
eryran, nc, young eagle, eaglet 
eryres -au, nf, female eagle 
eryrfaen, n, aetites, eagle-stone 
eryri, nf, shingles= eryrod, eryr 
terysi, 'í, amazement, wonder 
ferysmygu, v, to pile up=ermygu 
terysu, v, to wonder, to marvel 
es, V, I went (colloq. for euthuni) 
fes, pr, since^==er ys 
tesampl -au, n/=esiampl (i !'et. ii. 21) 
tesau, np, esses (s's — a decoration) 
tesblydd, a, splendid 
esblydden, ;;/, pippin 
tesboni, r= esbonio 



esboniad -au, n, exposition, commen- 
tary; explanation, interpretation 
esboniadaeth, nf, exposition, exegesis 
esboniadol, a, expository, explanatory, 

exegetical 
esboniadwy, a, explicable 

esboniedydd -ion, n, expositor, com- 
mentator 

esbonio, v, to explain, to expound, to 
interpret 

esboniwr, wyr, n, commentator, ex- 
positor 

tesborthiad, m= ysborthiad 

tesbyd, np, guests, strangers : s. osb 

tesbyd, n, hospitality 

esgair, eiriau, teiredd, nf, shank, leg; 
ridge 

tesgar, v= ysgar 

jesgar, pi. esgarant, esgeraint, n, foe, 
enemy, adversary 

tesgardde, a, hostile 

•fesgeiddig, a, graceful, nimble 

esgeirnoeth, a, bare-legged 

tesgemydd -au, nf, bench; block 

esgeulus, a, neglectful, negligent, heed- 
less, careless 

esgeuluso, v, to neglect, to disregard 

esgeulustod, esgeuluster, esgeulustra, 
esgeulusrwydd, n, negligence, neglect, 
carelessness, disregard 

esgeuluswisg, nf, neglige, undress 

esgeuluswr, wyr, n, neglecter 

esgid -iau, nf, boot, shoe 

tesglyfRo, i'=ysglyffio 

tesglywyn, v, to defend, to protect 

esgob -ion, tesgyb, n, bishop, diocesan 

esgobaeth -au, nf, bishopric, see, epis- 
cr.pate; diocese 

esgobaethol, a, diocesan 

esgobaidd, a, episcopal 

tesgobawd, )!/= esgobaeth 

esgobol, (7, episcopal, diocesan; episco- 
palian 

esgobwisg, nf, bishop's robe 

esgobydd -ion, n, episcopalian 

esgobyddiaeth, nf, episcopacy; episcopa- 
lianism 

esgobyddol, a, episcopalian 

esgopty, tai, n, bishop's house; cathe- 
dralt; diocesef 

esgor, V, to bring forth, to be delivered 

esgoredigaeth, n/=esgoriad 

te^goreddfa, nf, ' the place of the break- 
ing forth of children' (Hos. xiii. 13) 
182 



^^^jf^ ^AA^^ ^ j^îd^ 



ESG 



ETI 



tesgorfa -oedd, feydd, nf, deliverance 
esgoriad -au, n, delivery, birth 
esgorllys, cn, the birth-wort 
esgoryd, v= esgor 
esgud, a, nimble, active; quick, swift; 

diligent (Jas. i. 19) 
t»sgudlym, a, quick, sharp, smart, 

nimble 
esgudogyll -od, n, woodlark 
esgudrwydd, n, quickness, diligence 
esgus -ion, n, excuse, pretext; pretence 
esgusawd, odion, /(, excuse, apology 
esgusodeb -au -ion, nf, dispensation 
esgusodi, tesguso, v, to make excuse; 

to excuse, to apologize for; to exempt 
esgusodiad -au, n, excusing, exemption 
esgusodol, a, excusable, excused, exempt 
esgusodwr, wyr, esgusodydd -ion, n, 

apologist 
tesgymun, a, excommunicate, execrable 
tesgymuniad, fesgymundod, a, excom- 

muniration 
tesgymuno, v, to excommunicate (usu- 
ally ysgymuno, &c.) 
esgyn, v, to ascend, to rise, to mount 
esgynbren -nau, «, perch, roost 
esgynfa, feydd, ;//, ascent, rise 
esgynfaen, n, horse-block 
esgyniad -au, n, ascent; ascension 
esgyniaith, nf, climax 
esgynlawr, loriau, n, platform, stage 
esgynneb, ebau, ebion, nf, climax 
esgynnol, a, ascendmg, rising 
fesgynnu, v, to ascend, to rise, to mount 
tesgyr -oedd, /;/, day's ploughing; acre 
tesgyren, «/=ysgyren 
esgyrn, np, bones : s. asgwrn 
tesgyrndy, dai, n, charnel-house 
jesgyrnig, a, bony 
esgyrn(i)og, a, bony, scraggy 
esgyrnygu, v, to tgrin, to gnash or grind 

the teeth ; to break the bones off 
esiarapl -au, nf, example 
esiaraplaidd, a, exemplary 
tesill -ion, n & cn, offspring, progeny 
tesillydd, tesilltydd, cn, offspring, issue 
tesmerawd, /;, emerald 
esmwyth, «, soft, smooth; easy; quiet, 

gentle; comfortable; tolerable 
esmwythâd, n, ease, relief 
esmwythaol, a, soothing, emollient 
esmwythàu, ií= esmwytho (2 Cor. vii. 13) 
esmwythder, esmwythdra, n, softness, 

smoothness, ease, rest, relief, qufet 



esmwythfainc, feinciau, nf, sofa 

esmwytho, v, to soothe, to ease; to ap- 
pease; to soften, to smoothe; to re- 
lieve, to alleviate, to assuage 

esmwythyd, n, ease, luxury, relief 

esogryn, nf, the mumps 

estron -iaid t-ion, n, stranger, foreigner, 
alien: a= estronol 

estronaidd, a, strange, foreign, alien 
(Prov. ii. 16) 

estroneiddiad, n, estrangement, aliena- 
tion 

estroneiddio, v, to estrange, to become 
estranged; to alienate 

estrones -au, nf, female stranger, strange 
woman 

estrongar, a, strange, foreign, alien; bar- 
barous, savage 

estroni, v, to estrange, to alienate 

estroniaith, ieithoedd, nf, foreign lan- 
guage 

estronieithus, a, of strange language 
(i Cor. xiv. 21) 

estronol, a, strange, foreign, alien, out- 
landish 

estrys -iaid, nf, ostrich 

testwng, w=gostwng 

estyll, np (-en, nf), staves, shingles, 
planks, boards 

testyn -ion, n, extent; grant, investiture 

estyn, v, to extend, to reach, to stretch; 
to stretch out or forth; to prolong, to 
lengthen, to produce; to spread; to 
hand; to hand overf, to make a 
grant off, to invest! 

estyniad, n, extension, prolongation; 
stretching; spreading 

estynnol, a, extending, stretching out 

testynnu, v, to extend, to stretch; to 
lay out; to grant, to confer 

estynnydd, ynyddion, n, extender, 
stretcher; extensor; spreader 

eswrn, n, fetlock joint 

tesyddyn -nau, n, dwelling, holding 

tesyn, up, asses 

esyth, np, spars, shafts, stakes: s. aseth 

tesythu, v, to impale 

tetewyn -ion, n, firebrand 

eti, pr + pn= ati. See at. (S.W.) 

tetifar, etc. See edifar 

etifedd -ion, n, heir, inheritor; childf, 
offspringt " 

etifeddes -au, nf, heiress 

etifeddiadaeth, nf, heredity 
183 



)^ -0. Pola^ ICílt J J».í<f5 



heri 



:hild 



ETI 

étifeddiaeth -au, nf, inheritance, 

tage, estate; heredity 
etifeddiaethol, a, hereditary 
tetifeddog, tetifyddog, a, with 

in child-bed (Baruch vi. 2g) 
etifeddol, a, heritable, hereditary 
etifeddu, r, to inherit; to begett, to pro- 

createt 
tetifedd-wely -au, n, child-bed 
etifeddwr, wyr, «, inheritor 
eto, ieton, fetwa, fetwo, fetwaeth, 

c, yet, still: ad, again; yet, still 
tetyrfal, n, space, while, interval 
Ethiop -laid, n, Ethiopian 
Ethiopaidd, a, Ethiopian 
Ethiopiad, laid, n, Ethiopian 
ethnig -laid, a & n, heathen 
ethnydd -ion, h, ethnologist 
ethnyddiaeth, nf, ethi.nlogy 
ethnyddol, a, ethnologi. al 
ethol, V, to elect, to select, to choose 

rtt, choice, select, elect 
etholadwy, a, eligible 
etholaeth -au, nf, electorate, constitu 



FA'R 



etholedig ion, a, chosen, elect. Y 
edigion, the elect 



ethol 



teuddyn, n, promise 

feulon, np, dung, esp. of sheep and goats 

teulun, ;!=eilun 

eunuch, iaid, n, eunuch (Matt. xix. 12) 

teuocàu, V, to convict, to condemn 

euod, en, liver-disease in sheep; rot 
j(.euog, a, guilty, culpable, euogion, guilty 
people, convicts < CjEv.»* ^.-^I- i^[ 

euogbrofi, v, to convict, 10 condemn 

euogfarn -au, nf, condemnation 

euogfarnu, v, to find guilty, to convict, 
to condemn 

euogi, V, to convict, to condemn 

euogrwydd, ;;, guiltiness, guilt 

euon, np, bots in horses 

eur-, gold (in composition) 

eurafal, feurfal -au, n, orange; citron 

euraid, euraidd, a, golden, (of) gold 

eurben, n, the fish gilt-head 

eurben, a, gold-headed. Dryw eurben, 
: golden crested wren 

eurbibau, up, orpiment 

eurbinc -od, n, goldfinch 

- eurbysg -od, n & en (-bysgodyn, n), 

gold-fish 

- t^urdo, n, gold covering: a, covered 
with gold 



etholedigasth, nf, election (in general)t; eurdorch, dyrch, nf, wreath or collar of 



election (theol.) 

etholfa -oedd, feydd, nf, place of elec- 
tion; hustings; polling station 

etholfraint, freintiau, nf, franchise 

etholiad -au, n, election 

etholiadol, a, electoral, elective 

etholydd -ion, etholwr, wyr, n, elector 

tethrefig, a, domestic 

tethrefigo, i', to domesticate; to domicile 

tethrefu, v, to domesticate 

tethrin, n, conflict; toil 

tethrod, etc. See athrod 

tethryb -oedd, n, cause, occasion, ac- 



gold 

eurdorchog, teurdorchawr, a, with a 
collar of gold 

teurdy, dai, n, gold-house, treasury 

feurdde, a, gilded, gilt 

eurddrain, np. barberry-trees 

eurddwrn, a, gold-hilted 

eurem -au, nf, golden jewel 

eurfaen, fain, feini, n, chrysolite; phi- 
losopher's stone; touchstone 

eurfanadl, np (-en, nf), sweet broom 

eurfrodiad, n, gold brocade 

teurfyg, a, held in golden honour 



count. ethryb, because, on account feurgain, a, of golden brightness 



of, for 
tethrycin, n, arm (of the sea) 
tethrylith(r), ;!/=athrylith 
fethrylithus, a, of genius or skill 
tethrywyn, v, to intervene=athrywyn 
fethy, np, spurs 
tethynt, v, they have gone 
tethyw, II, he has gone 
eu, pn, their 
euad, aid, n, speedwell 
euddon, np (-yn, n), mites, acari 
euddoni, v, to breed mites 



eurgaich, u, sold enamel 

teurged, nf, gold treasure, gold liounty, 

gold tribute 
teurgerdd -i -au, nf, golden song or 

melody 
teurgorn, pi. eurgyrn, n, golden goblet 
eurgrawn, ;;, gold treasure; treasure 

treasury; magazine 
teurgrwydr, a, gold-chased 
teurin, n, (of) gold, golden 
eurinllys, ;;, St. John's wort 
teurlleg, a, gold-chased 

184 



EU R 

eurllen, eurlen -ni, nf, cloth of gold 
teurllin, n, gold braid, cloth of gold 
eurlliw, eurliw, n, gold colour; yellow 

arsenic 
eurllys, n, the orache 
euro, V, to apply or bestow gold; to gild 
teuro, V, to sing, to compose, to indite; 

to praise 
eurof -aint, u, goldsmith 
teurog, teurol, a, golden 
euron, nf, laburnum 
teuronen -nau, nf, lemon 
eursail, a, having a gold base or founda- 
tion 
teuruchawg, a, clad in gold 
eurwaith, n, gold- work, embroidery 
eurwawr, a, of a golden hue, golden 
eurwe -oedd, nf, gold tissue; cloth of 

gold 
eurwedd, a, of golden hue, golden 
eurwr, wyr, n, goldsmith; gilder 
eurych -od, v, goldsmith ; brazier, tinker; 

gelder: / euryches 
eurych{i)aeth, nf, goldsmith's art 
eurydd -ion, n, goldsmith; gilder 
feuryll, «, gold ornament 
euryn, n, i iece of gold, gold coin 
feurynni, n, golden toil 
euthum, v, I went 

ewa, n, 'uncle' {correlative of boba) 
ewach, n, weakling, scrag, crock 
tewaint, n & en, youth 
ewig -od t-edd. w/. hind, deer, doe 
ewin -edd, nf, nail, talon, claw, hoof; 

small thin piece resembling nail {ewin 

o sebon). Ewm garlleg, clove of garlic 
ewinallt, nf, steep cliff 
ewinbil -ion, n, agnail, hangnail 
ewinbren -ni, n, tie-beam, girder 
tewinddrud, a, sharp-clawed, rapacious 
ewinfedd -i, nf, nail measure, nail 
ewino, V, to claw, to scratch 
ewinog, a, having nails or claws 
ewinor, nf, whitlow 
ewinrhew, nf, frost-bite 
ewn, a, bold = eofn (S.W.) 
ewr, n, cow-parsnip 
tewybr, a, quick, swift, fleet, niml le 
ewyllys -iau -ion, n & nf, will, volition ; 

desire; testatncnt 
ewyllysgar, a, willing, desirous; wilful, 

voluntary; obliging 
ewyllysgarwch, n, willingness; good 

pleasure (Ps. h. i8) 



FOR^ 

ewyllysgarydd -ion, n, volunteer 
ewyllys-grefydd, nf, ' will-worship ' (Col. 

ii. 23) 
ewyllysiad, n, willing, volition 
ewyllysio, v, to will, to wish, to desire 
ewyllysiol, a, of the will, voluntary; 

testamental, testamentary; wiUingf 
ewyllysiwr, wyr, n. wisher 
fewyllysu, v= ewyllysio 
ewyn, n, foam, spume, froth, surf 
fewyngant, n, surf on a beach; froth, 

foam 
ewynnedd, n, foaminess 
ewynnog, fewynnol, a, foaming, foamy, 

frothy 
ewynnu, v, to foam, to froth 
tewyrddonig, a, Irish (Iwerddonig) 
ewyrth -od, n, uncle (colloq.) 
ewythr -edd -od, n, uncle 



tagddu, nf. See afagddu 

tfal. See fel 

falant nf, valentine (Gwynedd dial.) 

fe, fo, pii, he, him, it=e, ef, efe, efo: 

also used formally before verbs. Fe'm 

pocnir, 1 am tormented 
feallai, ad, perhaps 
tfed (mutation of fbed), pr, as far as, 

tû=hyd 
tfegis, ffegys, c 8c pr=megis 
fel, tfal (mutation of fmal), ad, c, &pr, 

so, as, that, thus, like ; how 
felfed, H, velvet 

felly, tfellyn, tffelly, '"'. so, thus 
tfenswn, n, venison 
ffentro, v= mentro 
fermilion, n, vermilion (Jer. .\.xii. 14) 
tfernagl, nf, vernicle 
fferdit, nf, verdict 
fferneiswin, n, ' vemage ' wine 
tfers, nf, verse 
festri, îoedd, nf, vestry 
ficer -iaid, n, vicar 
ficerdy, dai, n, vicarage 
ficeriaeth -au, nf, vicariate, vicarage 
finegr, ;;, \ inegar 
fioled -au, n, violet 
fitriol, n, vitriol 
fo, pn, he, him, it (efo) 
folant, nf, valentine (Dyfed dial.) 
tfolym, n, volume 
fory, fefory (mutation of fmory), ad, 

— yfory, to-morrow 

i8s 



FOT 



FFEI 



fôt, fotiau, nf, vote 

fotio, V, to vote 

fotiwr, wyr, n, voter 

fry (mutation of tbry), ad, above, aloft 

tFwlgat, n, the Vulgate 

fwltur -iaid (Latin vultur), n, vulture 

fy (mutation of tmy), pn, my 

tfynu, the Bible spelling of fyny 

fyny (mutation ot tmyny[ddj), ad, up, 

upwards. / fyny, up. Oddi fyny, 

from above 
tfyr, ffyr, en, fir, pine 



FF 



Ba, np (fläen, ffeuen, nf), beans 

flacbys, np, fitches, vetches 

tflaced, n, curd 

llaetri, îoedd, nf, factory, mill (cotton, 

etc.) 
Bael -ion, nf, fail, failing, fault 
flaeledig, ffaeliedig, a, faint; fallible 
ffaeledigrwydd, n, fallibility 
ffaeledd -au. n, failing; fault, defect 
ffaelu, fîaelio, z\ to fail, to miss; to faint 
ffaeth, a, tilled, cultivated; luxuriant; 

rich; ripe 
ffaethder, n, mellowness, ripeness 
ffafr -au, nf, favour 
flafraeth, nf, favour, favouritism 
ffafrio, V, to favour 
ffafriol, a, favourable 
ffafro, V, to favour 
ffafrus, u= ffafriol (2 Mace. xi. 14) 
ffafryn, iaid, n, favourite 
ffagl -au, nf, blaze, flame, torch 
flaglen -nau, nf, torch 
ffaglog, a, blazing, flaming 
ffaglu, 7.', to blaze, to flame 
ffagod, tfagoden, />/. ffagodau, ;;/, faggot, 

bundle 
ffagodi, V, to tie in faggots 
tfTaig, íîeigiau, »/, extremity; fix; crisis 
ffair, fteiriau, nf, fair ; exchange 
flaith, ffeithiau, nf, fact 
fiald -au, nf, fold; pinfold, pound 
fffaling -au, nf, mantle, cloak 
ffals, ftalst, pi. fleilsion, ffeilstion, a, 

false, deceitful; cunning, crafty, sly 
flalsedd, n, falseness, falsity, falsehood, 

deceit 
flalsio, V, to fawn, to cringe 
flalsiwr, wyr, n, flatterer, toady 
flalst, a. See ffals 



ffalster, n, falseness, falsity, falsehood, 

deceit, deceitfulness, cunning 
flalswr, wyr, n, a false man (Prov. 

XXV. 19) 
ffalwm, n, whitlow, felon (dial.) 
fffallach, nc, waddler, squab 
tffannigl, ffTannugl, )i = ffennigl 
ffansi, iau, nf, fancy (Ecclus. iv. 30) 
ffansîo, V, to fancy (Ecclus. xxxiv. 5) 
ffansîol, a, fanciful, pleasing to the fancy 
tflardial, n, fardel, bundle 
tffargod -au, nf, a big paunch 
flarier, n, farrier, veterinary surgeon 
tFfarisewyddon, np, Pharisees 
Harm, flermydd, nf, farm 
ffarmio, v, to farm 
flarmwr, ffermwyr, /;, farmer 
flarmwraig, wragedd, nf, farm-woman, 

farm-wife 
flarwel, » & nf, farewell 
Harwelio, v, to bid farewell 
ffasg -au, nf, tie, bundle 
ilasgell -au -i, nf, bundle, wisp 
flasgu, V, to bind, to tie 
ffasiwn, iynau, n, fashion; sort, kind. 
— beth, such a thing. — biti, what 
a pity ! — un, what sort 
Basiynol, a, fashionable 

ffasno, V, to fasten 

flast, a, fast 

flat -iau, nf, smart l)low, pat, slap 

flatio, V, to pat, to slap 
ffatri, ioedd, nf, factory, mill (cotton, 
etc.) 

ffau, ffeuau, nf, den, cave 

tflaw, n, fame, honour: a, famous 

tflaw, n, lord 

■fffawcwniaid, up, falconers 

ffawd, ffodion, fTodau, nf, fortune, pros- 
perity; fate 

fffawg, n. delight 

flawtus, a, puffed, bloated 

fflawtus, a, faulty, false, wrong 

tfawydd, np (-en, nf), fir-trees, pine-trees 

ffawydd, np (-en, ;;/), Vieech-trees 

tffed, nf, appearance, manner, demean- 
our, behaviour, conduct 

tfledawnen, nf, neck-cloth, cravat 

tfledel -au, nf, tiie front, lap 

ffedog -au, nf, apron (arfledog) 

ffedogaid, eidiau, nf, apronful 

ffei, !, begone, off, fie 

Beil, nf, file 

ffeilio, V, to file 

186 



^. 



FFEI 

flein -iau, nf, fine 

ITein (S.W.), ffeind (N.W.), a, kind, 
agreeable 

fleindio, ffendio, v, to find 

ffeindrwydd, n, kindness 

ffeinio, V. to fine 

tffeintiedig, a, faint 

ffeintio, V, to faint, to swoon 

fleirio, V, to barter, to exchange 

flel, a, sharp, wily, sly, cunning, crafty, 
sagacious 

tffelaig, n, chief, captain, general 

Selder, n, slyness, cunning, sagacity 

flelu, V, to practise cunning 

ffelwm, n, whitlow, felon (dial.) 

tflelwn -laid, n, felon 

tflelwniaeth, tffelyniaeth, nf, felony 

tflelyg, n=ffelaig 

Sendio, ii==ifelndio 

tflenedig, a, fanatic, fierce, frenzied; 
brave, stout, staunch 

flenestr -i, nf, window; hole 

Senestrog, a, having windows 

flenestru, v, to make windows; to holef, 
to rid' lief, to piercef 

ffenigl, tfanigl, ii, fennel 

fflenwyd, «=ffynidwydd 

flêr, fferau, nf, the ankle 

tSêr, a, dense, solid, strong, mighty 

tfier, fferdod, n, extreme cold, numb- 
ness 

tfferedig, a, armed to the teeth 

fferf, at, solid, firm; thick: m. flyrf 

ffferinau, nf^, sweets, dainties 

fferins, up, sweets (' fairings ') 

fferllyd, a, f-ongealing; gelid, chilling, 
I hilly; benumbed 

flerm -ydd, ni, farm ; tributef, taxf, tollf 

tfermdy, dai, n, farm-house 

ffermwr, wyr, n, farmer 

ffferris, ;;/, steel, fire-steel 

fferru, v, to congeal, to freeze; to starve, 
to perish with cold 

tfferyll(t) -ion, tflerylliad, laid, ;;, al- 
cliemist, magician, artificer 

fferyllfa, feydd, nf, laboratory; dispen- 
sary, pharmacy 

fferylliaeth, nf, chemistry, pharmacy 

fferyllol, a, chemical 

fferyllydd -ion, wyr, n, chemist, phar- 
macist 

Best, a, fast, speedy, quick; hard; 
diligent t 

ffest -au, n, feast, fete 



FFIO 

flestu, fflestinio, v, to hasten, to make 

haste 
ffetan -au, nf, sack, bag (Gen. xlii. 27) 
ffetur, >/, wild oats 
fffetus, a, sharp, clever, subtle, crafty, 

specious 
tffeutur, n, pewter; tin 
ffl, i, fie 
ffiaidd, a, foul, loathsome, detestable, 

abominable 
Ffichtiad, laid, n, Pict 
ffidil, ffldlau, nf, fiddle. Rhoi ffidil yn 

y to, to give up for a bad job 
ffldler -iaid, n, fiddler 
ffldlio, V, to fiddle 
ffleiddbeth -au, n, abomination 
ffleidd-dod, «, abhorrence, detestation 
ffleidd-dra, n, foulness, abomination 
ffieiddglwyf, n, loathsome disease (Ps. 

xxxviii. 7) 
Seiddiad, n, abhorrence, detestation 
fHeiddio, v, to loathe, to abominate, to 

abhor, to detest 
ffieiddrwydd, n, abhorrence, disgust 
fHgur -au, nf, figure, type, metaphor 
flSgurol, a, figurative, metaphorical 
fflgys, np (-en, nf), figs 
ffigysbren -nau, n, fig-tree 
fflgys wydd, np i-en, nf), fig-trees 
tffilcas, lip, old rags 
fflled, «/, fillet 
tffilog -od, nf, filly 
tffllor -ion, n, minstrel, fiddler 
fflloreg, nf, fiddle-faddle, fiddlededee, 

rigmarole, nonsense 
tfülores -au, nf, female minstrel 
flllsi-flalsiach, a, fawning, flattering, 

gushing 
fflltro, V, to filter 
fflltyr, ffiltrau, n, filter 
ffin -iau, nf, bound, boundary, limit 
tíHn -iau, nf, mulct, fine 
fQnio, V, to bound, to border (upon), to 

abut 
tffinio, V, to fine; to pay fines 
fiHniol, a, bordering 
fllnion, fflnionllyd, a, loathsome 
tfDogen, fTiogod, ;;/, rabbit 
ffiol -au, nf, phial, vial; bowl, cup; 

platter, disli 
fflolaid, eidiau, nf, bowlful, cupful; 

measure of capacity, in some parts, 

equal to about ^ of a bushel 
tffion, n & a— ffuon 

187 



FPIR 

fflrcyn, n, firkin (John ii. 6) 

tflBs, np, fees, money, possessions 

flBsig, !i, physic, medicine 

fiBsigwr, wyr, n, physician 

ffisigwriaeth, nf, physic, medicine 

fflt -iau, nf, fit 

fflt, a, fit, proper, suitable 

ffltio, V, to fit 

tfflthlen -ni, »/, adder 

tfflaced -au, nf, flacket, tiagon 

tfflaced -au, n, flock 

fflach -iau, nf, fflachiad -au, n, flash, 

gleam 
fflachio, i\ to flash, to glare, to gleam 
fBachiog, a, flashing, glaring, gleaming 
tffladr, a, talkative, foolish, silly : n, 

fool 
ffladru, V, to flatter 
fflag -iau, nf, flag 
tflQagen -ni, nf, flagon 
fBangell -au, iSengyll, )tf, scourge, whip 
CQangelliad -au, n, scourging, whipping, 

flogging, flagellation 
fflangellu, v, to scourge, to whip, to flog 
fflangellwr, wyr, n, scourger, flagellant 
tfflaim, flleimiau, ;;/, lancet, fleam 
fflair, pi. iBeiriau, nf, smell, stink, puff 
fflam -au -iau, );/, flame. Xerydd fflam, 

brand-new 
tfflaraeg, nf, inflammation. Fflameg y 

brefant, bronchitis. Fflameg y Uygad, 

ophthalmia 
CQamgoch, a, flaming red, fiery red 
£Damio, v, to flame, to blaze; to kindle 
fllamllyd, a, flaming, blazing 
fBamwydden, nf, erysipelas. Also 

Fflamwydden dan 
tfflamycliu, v. to emit flames, to blaze, 

to flame, to flare, to bum; to kindle, 

to inflame 
Fflandrwys, np, Flemings 
Fflandrysiad, iaid, n, Fleming 
tniasg -au, ;;/. flasket, basket; flask 
tfflasgaid, eidiau, ;;/, basketful 
tfHasged -i, ;//, flasket 
fflat, a, flat: -iau, n, flat-iron 
filatio, V, to flat, to flatten 
tfflaw, II f, splinter; flag, banner 
fflawen, nf, splinter 
tfflech -au, nf, squeak, squeal 
tilled, n, trick, deceit 
tRled, ÍÍ, scanty; scarce 
flleimgoed, fflamgoed, "/, the spurge 
tfneimio, I', to lance 



FFOLL_ 

ffleirio, V, to emit a smell, to stink 
fflêm, fQem, nf, phlegm 
tiflemawr, n, run-away, fugitive, e.xile 
Ffleminiad, iaid, Fflemisiad, iaid, n, 

Fleming 
tfflemychu, v= fSamychu 
tfllich -iau, iif, squeak, squeal 
tíBichio, V, to squeak, to squeal 
tilloch, a, tern, of tflwoh 
tfflochen -nau, nf, splinter; flake 
tfflochi, V, to rush, to dart 
fflodiad, fflodiart, ardau, n, floodgate 
ffloring -od, nf, florin 
tfflöyn, H, splinter; shred: /. Iflöen 
tffloyw, 1Í, clear, bright 
tfflur, en, flowers; bloom 
tfflureg -au, nf, prow of a ship 
ffluweh, n, shock of hair or the like: a, 

bushy 
tflfluwch, a, bright, sparkhng 
fflwcs, np, fluff, flocks 
tfflwch, a, bright; brisk; flush, full; 

free, liberal, bountiful: /. floch 
tfílŵr, n, fine meal; flour 
fflwr-de-lis, 1 fflwrdlis, n, fleur-de-lis 
tfflwring -od, h & nf, florin 
fflyd -oedd, nf, fleet 
ilo, «, flight; retreatt: v, to flee; to put 

to flightt 
floadur -iaid, h, fugitive, refugee 
tffoawdr, odron, n & a, fugitive 
tffoc -au, nf, fire-place, furnace; focus 
tflod -au, n, shank 
ffodus, tffodiog, tffodiol, a, prosperous, 

lucky, fortunate 
flaëdig, a, fugitive, floedigion, fugitives 
ÍTöedigaeth, nf, flight 
ffoglyd, a, puffed, bloated (dial ) 
ffoi, V, to flee, to retreat 
HOI, a, foolish, silly 
flolant, nf, valentine (Dyfed dial.) 
ITolder, n, foolishness, simpücity, im- 
becility 
ffoledd, n, fooli'^hness, folly, fatuity 
ffolen -nau, nf, buttock, haunch 
ffoli, V, to infatuate, to dote; to fool 
fîolineb, n, foolishness, lolly 
flolog -od, nf, silly woman (Prov. 

xiv. l) 
tHoll, nf, broad squab 
tffoUach -au, nf, squab, waddler 
tíîollach -od, Rellych, n/, boot, buskm; 

patten; clog 
tfîoUt, nf, fold 



FFON 



PFRE 



Hon, 9yn, nj, stick, walking - stick, 
staff, cudgel; ning. Ffon dafl, sling. 
Ffon ddivyhig. quarter-staff; pitch- 
fork. Chwarae'r ffon ddwybig, to 
practise duplicity; to be guilty ot 
double dealing. Ffon fagl, crutch 

Bond, a, fond 

flondorio, v, to cudgel, to trounce 

ffondrwydd, n, fondness 

ffoniad -au, n, blow with stick 

flonnod, ffonodlau, nf, stroke (with a 
stick), blow, stripe 

flonodio, V, to cudgel, to beat 

tflonogion, np, staff-bearers, spearmen 

jfTons, nf, fount (Lat. fans) 

tffonwayw, ffynwewyr, nf, spear, lance 

Core, pi. flyrc, nf, (table) fork 

fforch -au, ffyrch, nf, fork; prong 

fforchaid, eidiau, nf, fork-load 

florchdroed, draed, n, cloven foot 

florchi, V, to fork 

fîorchog, a, forked, cleft, cloven, bifur- 
cate; straddling 

fforchogedd, n, fork, cleft, bifurcation 
iLev. xi. 7) 

fforchogi, V, to fork ; to straddle 
Fforchogi'r ewin, to divide the hoof 
(Lev. xi. 5) 

fforchwain, weiniau, nf, rustic cart 

ffordd, pi. ffyrdd, nf, way, road; passage; 
distance. Fjordd fawr, highway. 
Ffordd haearn, railway. Lleidr pen 
r/ordd, highwayman. / ffordd, away 

florddio, V, to afford 

tfîorddio, V, to guide (Ps. xxxvii. 23) 

fTorddiol, a, thrifty, contriving 

Horddol -ion, n, wayfarer, traveller, 
•:^a<-ser-by (rare in sing.) 

tfforddrych, n, wayfarer, wanderer: a, 
expeditious 

florddus, a, having a way or manner; 
clever, expert 

tfforddwr, wyr, n, guide (Ps. Iv. 13) 

tfforddwydd, n, way 

llorest -ydd -au, nf, forest; park 

fforestu, V, to forest 

fforestwr, wyr, n, forester 

fforffed -ion, nf, forfeit 

fforffedu, v, to forfeit 

fforiad -au, n, exploration 

fforio, V, to explore; to spy or scout 

fforiol, a, exploratory 

fîoriwr, wyr, n, explorer, scout 

fform -au -ydd, nf, form, bench 



flors, n, force 

fforsio, V, to force 

ffortiwn, iynau, nf, fortune 

flortun -au, nf, fortune 

ffortunus, a, fortunate 

ffos -ydd, nf, ditch, trench, dike 

tffos, n, sword 

fffosawd, n, stroke (of sword), gash, cut 

ffosi, V, to trench, to ditch 

ffothell -au -i, nf, blister; wheal (pothell) 

ffoihellu, V, to blister; to rise in blisters 

tffowys, a, fleeing 

flradach, n, collapsed heap, squash 

fffradri, n, fratry, refectory, dining-hall 

tflradyr, n, friar (Lat. fruter) 

ftrae -on, nf, quarrel, fray 

tfraegar, a, quarrelsome 

ffraeo, v, to quarrel, to bicker, fo. 
wrangle 

llraeth, a, fluent, eloquent; witty, fa- 
cetious; flippantf 

(Traethair, eiriau, n, witticism, repartee 

flraethbert, a, witty, smart 

ffraethder, ;;, fluency, eloquence 

tffraethdost, a, sharp, pungent 

flraetheb -ion, nf, joke, witticism 

ffraethebu, v, to crack jokes 

flraethineb, n, wit, facetiousness ; elo- 
quencet 

flraethlym, a, sharp, keen, pungent, 
smart 

ffraewr, wyr, n, quarreller, wrangler 

Ffrangeg, /, French 

Ffrangwr, Ffrancod, n. Frenchman: /. 
Ffranges 

tflral -oedd, n, crazy fellow 

ffrâm, fTramiau, nf, frame 

fframio, v, to frame 

fîramiwr, wyr, n, framer 

fframwaith, n, framework 

ffranc -od, n, frank 

Ffranc, Ffrainc, n, Frank, Frenchman 

Ffrancwr, Ffrancod, n. Frenchman: /. 
Ffranges 

tflrathr, n, friar 

tffrau, nf, stream, flow, torrent, gush: 
a, streaming, gushing 

fffraw, a, fair, fine; brisk 

tflrawd, V, to move, to stir 

fffrawdd, tffrawd, w, harm, hurt; fraud 

tflrawddunio, i', to sponge (as parasite) 

tflrawddus, forawdus, a, hurtful, nox- 
ious 

flrec, fTreg, nf, chatter, gibberish 
189 



FFRE 



FFRY 



fflregl -au, nf, tale 

ffregod -au, «/, chatter, affectation 

Sregodi, v, to chatter, to talk gibberish 

Ffrengig, Ffreinig, a, French. Llygod 
Fjrengig, rats. Cnau Ffrengig, wal- 
nuts 

tffreillaw, v, to recoil, to rebound 

flres, tffresg, a, fresh, pure 

flresio, V, to freshen 

ffresni, n, freshness 

fffreu, nf. See ffrau 

fflreulo, V, to ripple, to purl 

fflreuo, V, to gush, to spout, to spurt 

fffreutur -iau, n, fratry, refectory 

firewyll -au, nf, whip, scourge 

ffrewyllio, ffrewyllu, v, to whip, to 
scourge 

ffrewylliwr, wyr, n, scourger 

flri, a, free, liberal 

ffridd, ffrith -oedd, nf, woodland, forest ; 
park ; enclosed mountain pasture, 
sheep-walk 

firier -iaid, n, friar 

ffrieriaeth -au, nf, friary 

flril -ion, n, trifle, bauble 

flrill n, twittering, chattering 

ffrind -iau, n, friend 

Hrindiaeth, nf, friendship 

ffrîo, V, to fry; to hiss 

ffris, nf, frieze 

tffrist -iau, n, cube; a die to play with 

tffristial, fffristiol, n, dice-box; dice (the 
game) 

Rrit, a, worthless, good-for-nothing 
(S.W.) 

Brit -iau, u, quick start or jerk; sudden 
impulse, thought 

tfriten -nod, nf, minx, hussy 

ffritian, v, to fritter, to piddle 

tfrityn -nod, n, coxcomb 

ffrith -oedd, nf. See flridd 

l-ffriw -iau, nf, face, countenance, ap- 
pearance 

ffroch, ffrochwyllt, a, furious, impetuous 

ffroen -au, nf, nostril, nose; muzzle (of 
gun) 

ffroenfoll, a, having wide nostrils (as a 
horse) 

ffroeni, v, to snort, to snuff, to sniff 

flroenochJ, v, to turn up the nose; to 
snort; to disdain 

ffroenuchel, a, haughty, disdainful 

ffroes, np (-en, nf), pancakes (Clam.) 

ffrog -iau, nf, frock 



ffroga, n, frog 

ffrom, a, angry, irascible, testy, touchy 
(Prov. xiv. 1 6) 

ffromder, ffromedd, n, testiness 

ffromi, V, to fume, to chafe, to rage, 
to be angry 

Hromllyd, a, testy, irascible 

ffromwyllt, a, furious 

tffrost, «/=flrwst 

ffrost, H, boast, vaunt; pomp, ostenta- 
tion 

ffrostgar, a, boastful 

ffrostio, V, to vaunt, to brag, to boast 

ffrostiwr, wyr, n, braggart, boaster 

ffroth, H, froth, foam 

fffrowyll, ;;/ = ffrewyll 

tflrowyllu, i; = ffrewyllu 

tffrowys, a, turbulent; terrible 

ffrwd, flrydiau, nf, stream, torrent 

ffrwgwd, ffrygydau, n, squabble, brawl, 
fray 

ffrwst, n, hurry, haste, bustle 

ffrwt, ffrytiau, n, jet, spurt, toss, frisk; 
'go' 

ffrwtian, v, to spirt, to sputter 

ffrwydbelen -nau, nf, bomb-shell 

ffrwydriad, ffrwydrad, n, explosion 

ffrwydro, v, to explode 

flrwydrol, a, explosive, flrwydrolion, ex- 
plosives 

ffrwyn -au, nf, bridle; restraint. Ffrtvyn 
ddall, — dywyll, bridle with bUnkers 

ffrwynglymu, v, to fasten by the bridle, 
to tether 

flrwyno, v, to bridle, to curb, to restrain 

ffrwyth -au -ydd, n, fruit; vigour, use; 
virtue, essence; effect; produce; re- 
sult, ffrwythau, worksj, miracles! 

flrwythlon, a, fruitful, fertile, luxuriant; 
effectualf, usefult, profitablet 

ffrwythlondeb, flrwythlonder, n, fruit- 
fulness, fertility 

ffrwythloni, v, to be(come) fruitful, to 
fertilize 

firwythlonrwydd, n, fruitfulness, fertility 

tflrwythlym, a, fruitful 

ffrwytho, v, to fructify, to bear fruit; to 
profitf, to availf 

ffrydio, v, to stream, to gush 

fflrydio, v, to brandish, to wave (also 
prydio) 

ffrydiol, a, streaming, gushing 

ffrydlif, n & nf, stream, flood, torrent 

ffrynt, n, front 

TQO 



FFRY 






FFWY 



flryntio, v, to front, to face 
flrystio, tffrysio, v, to hurry, to hasten 
tflrywyll, etc. See flrewyll, ffrowyll 
tffuannaidd, a, false, deceptive 
ffuant, annoedd, w, feint, pretence, sham 
ffuantu, V, to feign, to pretend, to sham 
ffuantus, a, feigning, dissembhng, in- 
sincere, disingenuous 
ffuantwch, n, insincerity, affectation 
ffug, a, fictitious, false, sham, pseiid(o)-. 
Ffug sancteiddrwydd , sanctimonious- 
ness; hypocrisy 
ffug -ion, «, sham, delusion, deception, 

fiction 
ffugchwedl -au, nf, novel 
ffugenw -au, n. pseudonym, sobriquet, 
pen-name, nom de plume, nom de 
guerre 
tffugfawr, a, deceitful 
ffug-hanes -ion, n, tale, fiction 
ffugio, V, to disguise, to dissemble, to 

pretend, to feign; to forge 
ffugiol, a, fictitious, false 
ffugiwr, wyr, n, dissembler, impostor, 

forger 
fffuglo, V, to inflate 
"ffluglog, a, inflated, windy, flatulent 
tffuglogrwydd, n, windiness, flatulence 
flugr, flugyr -au, nf, type, figure, meta- 
phor 
tflull -ion, n, haste, speed, celerity 
tffullio, V, to hasten, to bustle 
ffumer -au, n, chimney; funnel (Hos. 

xiii. 3) 
fffun, «/, breath; soul 
tffun -oedd, nf, bundle, handful 
tffunegl -au, nf, furrow 
tfiuneglu, V, to furrow 
fffunell, nf, small bundle 
ffunen -nau -ni, nf, lace, fillet, band; 

kerchief; fishing-line 
ffunud, n, form, figure, manner. Yr 

un ffunud (a), the same; (just) like 
tfluon, n, rose: a, rose, rosy, rose- 
coloured, crimson 
1 ffuonlliw, a, rose-coloured 
tffuonwydd, en, rose-trees, rose-wood 
fffur, Í1, wise, learned, wary (a Breton 

word) 
ffured -au, nf, ferret 
ffuredu, v, to frrret 
ffurf -iau, nf, shape, form, order 
Cfurfafen, nf, firmament, sky, heaven 
ffurfaidd, a, shapely, well-formed 



1H^ 



tSurfedigaeth, nf, formation, form 

fflurfeiddio, v, to frame, to fashion 

ffurf hau, f=ffurfio 

ffurfiad -au, n, formation 

ffurtio, V, to form, to shape 

ffurfiol, rt, formal 

ffurfioldeb, n, formality, formalism 

ffurfiolwr, wyr, n, formalist 

ffurflen -ni, nf, form (to fill) 

ffurflywodraeth, nf, constitution, polity 

ffurfwasanaeth -au, n, liturgy 

Bust -au -iau, nf, flail; stick, staff 

ffustion, n, fustian 

ffusto, ffustìo, V, to beat, to bang, to 
thresh 

ffustwial, n, flail-yard 

ffwdan -au, nf, fuss, bustle, flurry 

ffwdanllyd, a, fussy, bustling 

ffwdanu, v, to fuss, to bustle 

ffwdanus, a, fussy, fidgety, flurried 

tffwg, a, fugitive, volatile, light, vain 

ffwgws, n, dry leaves; tobacco 

tffwng, flyngoedd, n, fungus 

ffŵl, ffyliaid, n, fool. Ffél y if air, 
mountebank, merry-andrew 

ffwlach, en, refuse; light corn 

ffwlbart -iaid, n, foumart, polecat 
ffwlbri, n, trash, stuff, fudge, non- 
sense, tomfoolery 
ffwicyn, n, fool, tomfool, wiseacre, nin- 
compoop 
tffwndio, V, to foimd 
ffwndro, v, to founder, to become 

confused 
ffwndrus, a, confused, bewildered 
ffwndwr, n, confusion, hurly-burly, 

bustle, fuss 
tffwndwr, wyr, n, founder 
ffwr, »f, fur 

tffwrch, flyrch, n, fork; haunch 
ffwrdd, n, wayt. / fftcrdd, away: i, 

off, away: ad, away 
ffwrm, ffyrmau, ffyrmydd, nf, form, 

bench 
ffwrn, ffyrnau, nf, furnace, oven 
ffwrnais, eisiau, n/, furnace 
tffwrri, tffwrrw. fffwrrwr, n, fur 
fflwyl -au, n, stroke; foil 
fffwylio, fffwylo, v, to foil 
fffwyn, n, hay newly cut 
tffwynen, nf, band of hay 
tffwynog -ydd, nf, meadow 
tffwyr, nf, fear, panic; hurt, harm; 
fury; battle 

191 



FFYD ^ 

tllyd, H, teud 

tfydd, n/, laith 

tffyddfrawd, n, sworn brother 

Ryddio, V, to believe, to trust 

flyddiog, a, strong in faith, trusttul 

ffyddlon, a, faithfvil, loyal 

flyddlondeb, n, laithfulness, fidelity 

ffyddloniaid, tByddlonion, np, faithful 
ones 

tfylor, 11, dust, powder (pylor) 

fnyll, tílyíl'og. «. overgrown; gloomy 

fffyllio, V, to overshade 

flyllwydd, nt^ (-en, nf), cypresses 

ffynadwy, ttynedig, a, prosperous 

tBynedig, a=flenedig 

flynhonnell, (f ynonellau, nf, fount, source 

flynhonni, v, to well, to spring 

tffynhonnus, a, springing, welling, 
gushing 

fftyniannus, a, prosperous, successful 

ffyniant, n, prosperity, success; valourt, 
courage! 

Bynidwydd, np (-en, nf), fir-trees, pine- 
trees 

flynnel, ffyneloedd, nf, funnel, air-hole, 
vent 

flynnon, ffynhonnau, nf, fountain, well, 
spring 

flynnu, v, to prosper, to thrive, to prevail 

ITyr, en, pine, fir 

flyrf, am, thick, stout; large, great; 
strongt; steadyt, firmt: /- fferf 

Byrfder, ffyrfiant, n, thickness, stout- 
ness; firmnesst 

tByrfgawdd, n, great trouble or distress 
{ffyrf-^cawdd) 

flyrfhau, flyrfeiddio, Byrflo, v, to be- 
cf)nie firm or thick; to make firm 

tflyrftan, n, big fire 

flyrling, fByrlling, fByrddling -au -od, 
nf, farthing 

Hyrnaid, eidiau, nf, ovenful 

Byrnig, a, fierce, ferocious, savage, 
cruel; craftyt 

flyrnigo, v, to grow fierce; to exas- 
perate, to enrage, to infuriate; to 
use cunningt 

flyrnigrwydd, n, fierceness, lerocity; 
outrage!; fomicationt; cunningt 

tffysg, «, haste, impetuosity : a, hasty, 
impetuous; swift, rapid 

tBysg(i)ad, n, router 

tflysgio, V, to hasten; to rout 

tBysgiol, tBysgioUn, a, impetuous 



tgabis, n, crystal (Job xxviii. i8) (Heb.) 
gadael, tgadaw, tgadu, v, to quit, to 

leave; to desert; to torsake; to per- 
mit, to let, to allow; to call, to deem. 

Gadael iddo, to leave it alone 
gaddaw, gaddo, v. See addaw 
gaeaf -au -oedd, n, winter 
gaeafaidd, a, wintry 
gaeafdy, dai, n, winter house 
gaeafle -oedd, n, winter quarters 
gaeafnos -au, nf, winter night 
gaeafol, a, of winter, wintry 
fgaeafrawd, n, winter storm 
gaeafu, v, to winter, to hibernate 
gafael -ion, nf, hold, grasp, grip; tenure; 

holding, lot (Jos. xvii. 14); chord (in 

music). ^Gafael wytii, octave: v= 

gafaelu, gafaelyd 
gafaelfach -au, n, grappling-hook 
gataelgar, a, gripping, tenacious, telling, 

impressive 
gafaelgi, gwn, n, mastiff 
gafaeliog, a, having hold, grasping 
gafaelu, gafaelyd, v, to hold, to grasp; 

to grip ; to take hold, to apprehend 
gafaelus, a, tenacious, adhesive 
gafl -au, geifl, nf, fork; the stride. Yr 

Eifl, the Forks (dual mutation) 
tgaflach -au, n, fork; the stride; angle; 

spear, dart 
tgaflachog, a, equipped with spears 

[gafiachan) 
Igaflaw -on, n, salmon peel 
fgaflaweg -au, nf, salmon-net 
tgafl-gyngwng, a, with hind legs firmly 

jomtod 
gaflio, V, to straddle 
gaflog, a, forked, straddling 
gafr, geifr, «/, goat, she-goat. ^Geifr 

danys, fallow-deer 
gafraidd, a, goatish 
gafrewig -od, nf, gazelle, antelope 
gafrio, V, to stack corn; to caper 
tgafrlam -au, n, capriole, prancing 
fgagen -nau, nf, cleft, rhink=agen 
gagendor, n & nf, chasm, gulf, abyss 
gaing, geingau, nf, chisel; wedge. 

Gaing gau, gouge 
gair, geiriau, n, word, saying; report. 
Gair llanw, expletive, eke-word. Gair 

mawr, bad word. Ar y gair, forth 

with; mstantly 

192 



GAL 



^Ä/M/we^t ^, íe^iAti 



GAR 



tgâl, galon, 11, enemy, foe 

tgâl, n, goal 

tgâl, >i, ache, pain. Gal pen, headache 

tgalaeth, «. See alaeth 

tgalai, n, galley 

galanas -au, nf, murder, massacre ; out- 
rage; compensation for homicide, 
blood-fee (legal) 

galanastra,«, murder, slaughter, massacre 

galar, n, mourning, grief, sorrow 

galareb -au -ion, nf, threnody, monody 

galargan -au, galargerdd -i, nf, elegy 

galarnad -au, nf, lamentation, threnody 

galarnadu, v, to bewail, to lament 

galarnadwr, wyr, n, threnodist 

tgalarnu, v= galaru 

tgalarnus, a= galarus 

galaru, v, to mourn, to grieve, to lament 

galaru, v, to surfeit=alaru 

galarus, a, mournful, sad, lamentable 

galarwisg -oedd, nf, mourning-dress 

galarwr, wyr, n, mourner 

tgalawnt, a, fair, brave, gallant 

Galiaid, Galiod, np, people of Gaul 

tgalls -iaid, n, galley 

tgalofydd -ion, n, architect 

tgalon, np, enemies, foes: s. gal, gelyn 

galw, V, to call, to summon; to invoke, 
gelwch, yoii (will) call, galwn, we 
(shall) call: n, call, demand 

galwad -au, n, calling; vocation; de- 
mand: nf, call, calling; profession 

galwai, eion, n, vocative case 

galwedig, a, called, named, galwedigion, 
'the called' (Rom. i. 6) 

galwedigaeth -au, nf, calling, profession, 
occupation ; call, vocation 

galwedigaethol, a, professional 

galwedigol, a, denominative; vocative 

galwyn -i, n, gallon, four quarts 

Galwys, np, people of Gaul 

tgallael, v, to be able 

tgalledig, a, possible, potential 

tgalledigaeth, nf, possibility, potentiality 

tgallel, i)=gallael 

tgallmarw, a, stone-dead 

gallofydd -ion, n, mechanic, mechanician 

gallofyddiaeth, nf, mechanics 

gallt, gelltydd, nf, ascent, acclivity; 
hill, slope; descent, declivity; cliff; 
a wood 

gallu -oedd t-au t-on, n & n/f, power, 
ability 

gallu, V, to be able, gallaf, I can; I may 
13 



tgalluedd, n, might, puissance 

galluog, a. able, powerful, mighty 

galluogi, V, to empower, to enable 

tgalluol, tgalluus, a, = galluog 

gam, n & nf, game 

gambl, n, gamble, gambling 

gamblo, V, to gamble 

gamblwr, wyr, n, gambler 

gambo, n, hay cart (Dyfed dial.) 

gân, nf, thrush (disease) 

gan, pr, with, by; of, from: c, as, inas- 
much as, because, since. Derbyn gan, 
to receive of or from. Gan hynny, 
therefore. Gan ddyicedyd, saying. 
Gan wneuthur ohonot hyn, as thou hast 
done this. Mae gennyf, I have. Mae 
yn gywilydd gennyf, I am ashamed. 
Drwg gennyt, thou art sorry. Cas 
ganddo, he hates. Gwell ganddi, she 
prefers. Da gennvtn, we are glad. 
Edifar gennych, you repent. Nid oes 
ganddynl, they have not. Gan mivyaf, 
for the most part, mostly 

ganedig, a, bom, native 

fganedigaeth -au, «/= genedigaeth 

gar -rau, nf & n, the thigh, the ham 

tgar, pr, at, by, nigh, near=ger 

garan -od, nf shank; crane, heron, stork 

tgaranfys, n, middle finger 

tgaranu, v, to shank, to shaft 

Garawys, n. Lent 

gard -iau, n, guard 

gardas, gardys, dysau, n & nf, garter 

gardd, gerddi, tgarddau, nf, garden; 
garth. Gardd yd, rick-yard, stack- 
yard 

garddio, v= garddu 

garddu, v, to garden: n, gardening 

garddwr, wyr, n, gardener 

gardd wriaeth, nf, horticulture 

gardd wrn, ddyrnau, n=arddwrn 

garddwy, n, caraway seed 

gargam, -?, knock-kneed 

garhir, a, long-shanked 

garlant -au, n, garland (Acts xiv. 13) 

tgarlond, n= garlant 

garllaes, a, Umping, halting 

garlleg, np (-en, nf), garlic 

garllegog, a, garlicky: nf, garlic hedge- 
mustard 

tgarm -oedd, nf, cry, shout, outcry 

tgarmio, v, to cry out, to shout 

garsiwn, n, garrison; rabble 

garsyth, a, stiff-legged 

193 



GAR 



GEN 



gartref (mut. of cartref), ad, at home 
garth, nf, hill, promontory, mountain 

ridge 
garth, n & nf, garth, garden, close, en- 
closure 
garw, pi. geirwon, a, coarse, rough, rug- 
ged, harsh; great, extreme, grievous; 
wonderful, awful, terrible 
garwch, garwwch, n, roughness 
garwedd, n, roughness 
garwhau, v, to roughen; to ruffie 
gast, pi. geist, nf, bitch 
gat, gatiau, nf, gate {no mutation) 
gatws, 11, gate-house 
gau, a, talse 
gauaf, n. See gaeaf 
gaudduwiaeth, nf, idolatry 
tgawr, gewri, nf, shout, outcry; battle 
tgawri, V, to shout, to bawl 
gefail, feiliau, nf, tongs, pincers; smithy 
tgefeilad, n, seizer, captor 
gefeilio, V, to use pincers or tongs 
gefell, gefeilliaid, nc, twin: /. gefeilles 
(in pi. often yr efeilUaid — dual muta- 
tion) 
gefyn -nau, n, fetter, shackle, manacle 
tgefyniaeth, nf, confinement, restraint 
gefynnog, a, fettered, shackled 
gefynnu, v, to fetter, to shaclde 
tgeifre, nf, flock of goats 
geingio, V, to chisel, to gouge, to wedge 
geilwad, waid, n, caller; driver of oxen 

in ploughing 
tgeir, pr=g^t 

geirda, n, good report, fame= gazV da 
geirdardd, geirdarddiad, n, etymology 
geirdro -ion, n, pun, quibble 
geirdroi, v, to pun, to quibble 
tgeirddadl, a, wrangling, brawling 
geirddadl -au, nf, cavil, quibble 
geirddadlu, v, to cavil, to quibble 
geirfa -oedd, nf, vocabulary, glossary 
tgeirgrawn, n, treasury of words, the- 
saurus, lexicon ; magazine 
geiriad, n, wording, phrasing, phraseo- 
logy 
geiriadur -on, n, dictionary, lexicon 
geiriaduriaeth, nf, lexicography 
geiriaduro, v, to compile dictionaries 
geiriadurol, a, lexicographical 
geirladurwr, wyr, n, lexicographer 
geirio, V, to word, to phrase 
geiriog, a, wordy, verbose 
geiriol, a, verbal, lexical; garrulousf 



geirlyfr -au, n. dictionary, lexicon 

tgeirllaes, a, gentle-spoken 

tgeirw, np, ripples, waves 

geirwedd, ;;/, phraseology; idiom, dialect 

geirweddiad, n, phraseology 

geirwir, a, true, truthful, truth-speaking 

geirwiredd, n, truthfulness 

geirydd -ion, n, etymologist, philologist 

geiryddiaeth, nf, etymology 

fgeisiem, nf, spear, lance 

tgêl, gelod, nf, leech. Gel bendoll, horse- 
leech 

gelach, nc, weakling, crock 

gele, gelen, pi. gelod, nf, leech 

tgelor, «/=elor 

tgelorwydd, ;i=elorwydd 

gelyn -ion, n, foe, enemy; /. gelynes 

gelyniaeth, nf, enmity, hostility 

gelyniaethol, gelyniaethus, a, hostile, 
inimical 

gelynol, a, hostile, adverse 

tgell, a, yellow 

gellaig, : p (gelleigen, ; /), pears 

gellast, eist, nf, fem. of gellgi 

gellgi, gwn, n, mastiff; staghound 

gell(h)esg, en, iris, flag 

gellwng, j;=gollwng 

gellyg, up (en, nf), pears 

gellygwydd, np (-en, nf), pear-trees 

gem -au, « & nf, gem, jewel, gemau, 
scales (Job xli. 15) 

gemedig, a, jewelled 

gemog, a, gemmed, jewelled; scaly; of 
mail 

gemu, V, to set with gems, to jewel 

g&mwaith, n, jewel-work, jewellery 

gemydd -ion, n, jeweller 

gen, nf, jaw, chin 

genedigaeth -au, nf, birth, nativity 

genedigaeth-fraint, nf, birthriglit 

genedigol, a, born, native, natal 

geneth -od, nf, girl, maid, maiden 

genethaidd, a, girlish 

genethig, tgenethan, nf, little maid 

geneu -au, n, mouth, orifice; pass, open- 
ing of a valley 

geneu-goeg -ion, nf, Uzard, newt 

geneuol, a, oral 

genfa, fâu, nf, snaffle, bit (Ps. xxxii. 9) 
gen-glo, gen-gload, n, lockjaw, tetanus 
geni, V, to bring forth, to bear 
genni, v, to be contained (John viii. 37;. . 
Mark ii. 2) '0.5Ẃvn4ìj< t^'A/v<^^.*4;-.U 
ennill. t;=ennill " -Í-'tí """^ 



tgennill, «= ennill 



194 



GEN 



-^!^<( ; i'^'i^ ^T'^S^^^ ^^^ 



GLA 



gennyf, &c. See gan 

genwair, weiriau, »/, fishing-rod 

genweirio, v, t(i angle, to fish 

genweiriwr, wyr, n, angler 

tgeol -au -ydd, n/, gaol, prison 

tgeplans, n, cap, bonnet, hood (' cap- 

peline ') 
gêr, n, tackle; gear; rubbish 
tgêr, éerau, n, utterance, cry 
ger, pr, by, at, near, hard by. Ger bron, 
in the presence of, before. Get Haw, 
near, by; at hand 
gerain, v, to squeak, to cry, to whine, 

to whimper 
gerbron, pr, before (place) 
gerfydd, pr, by. Gerfydd ei law, by the 

hand (fherwydd) 
geri, «,bile, gall.choler (Ecclus.xxxi. 20). 

Y geri marwol, the cholera morbus 
geriach, en, trifles, trash, rubbish 
tgerlawnt, tgerlont, n, garland 
gerllaw, pr, near, by: ad, at hand 
tgermain, v, to cry, to shout; to wail, 
to howl: n, shouting, clamour; wail- 
ing, howling 
gerwin, a, rough, severe, harsh 
gerwindeb, gerwinder, n, roughness, 

seventy, harshness 
gerwino, v, to roughen 
gerwinol, a, rough; extreme 
tgerwydd, pr=herwydd, gerfydd 
ges, «/, guess (colloq.) 
gesio, V, to guess (colloq.) 
tgestwng, i'=gostwng n. 

Gethiad, laid, n, Gittite ^ t^ '^^ 
tgeublant, np, false children idt/iUtJi 
geudeb, tgeudab, n, falseness, falsity, 

falsehood, deceit; lie (Ps. Ixii. 9) 
geudy, dai, n, privy, closet (Matt. xv. 17) 
geuedd, n, falsity, fallacy 
geugred, ;;/, false belief, heresy 
tgeuherwog, a, wrongly plundering 
tgeulith, nf, false doctrine, heresy 
tgeuog, a, false, lying 
tgeurith -iau, n, phantom, illusion 
gewyn -nau, gîau, n, sinew, tendon 
gewynnog, a, having sinews, sinewy 
gewynnol, a, relatmg to sinews 
gîach -od nf, snipe 
giâr, gieir, nt, hen (S.W.) = iâr 
gîau. np (gîeuyn, g(i)ewyn, n), sinews, 

nerves 
gieulyd, a, sinewy 
gieuog, a, nervous 



gieuol, a, relating to the nerves; neural 
gleuwst, h/, neuralgia 
fgild, n, gilt 
gildiad, n, gilding 

gildio, V, to yield, to give in; to produce 
gildio, V, to gild 

gildio. V, to geld; to gild, to eviscerate 
gildiwr, wyr, n, gilder 
tgllt, n, payment 

gilydd, n, one another; each other; for 
cllydd, fellow, now permanently mu- 
tated. Ft gilydd, F.u gilydd, each 
other. Eich gilydd, Ein gilydd, each 
other, one another. Originally and 
logically ei gilydd throughout. See 
Grammars 
gillwng, !.= gollwng 
gimblil, nf, gimlet 
tgin -ion, n, pelt; thin skm 
gini, II & nf, guinea 
tginio, V, to strip wool off the skin 
tgirad, a, sad, piteous; cruel; dire, dread- 
ful, rueful, terrible 
gis! i, a pig-call. See tgwýs 
tgisarm -au, nf, halberd, battle-axe 

(Fr. gisarme, whence isarn) 
gistwng, t^=gostwng 
glafoerio, v, to drivel, to slobber 
glafoerion, np, drivel, slobber 
tglaif, gleifiau, n, lance, sword, glaive 
glain, gleiniau, n, gem, jewel; bead. 

fGlain y cefn, the backbone, spine 
tglain, a & n, pi. of glân 
tglais, n, stream, rivulet 
glân, a, clean; holy; beautiful, fair; 
pure. Yn I'n, ^Yn kin syih, clean, 
entirely, completely, altogether 
glan -nau, glennydd, nf & nf, brink, 

side, shore, bank, hill-side 
glandeg, a, comely and fair, beautiful 
glanhad, n, cleansing, purification 
glanhaol, a, cleansing, purjing 
glanhau, v, to clean, to cleanse, to purify 
glanhawr, wyr, n, cleaner, cleanser 
glaniad, n, landing, disembarkation. 
Gwyl y Glaniad, anniversary of the 
landing of the first Welsh settlers at 
Forth Madrvn, Patagonia, July 28, 
1865 
tglaniadur -on, n, pair of snuffers 
glanio, V, to land, to disembark 
glanwaith, glanwedd, a, cleanly, tidy 
glanweithdra, n, cleanliness 
glas, gleision, a, blue, azure; pale; grey; 
195 



GLA 

verdant, green, fresh, young: n, blue. 
Carreg las : see carreg. Caseg las, 
grey mare. Coes las, shin. Goreu 
glas, level best. \Glas goludd, small 
intestines. Glas roesaw, cool wel- 
come. Glas bach, Glas dwl, titmouse. 
Glas y dorian, kingfisher. Glas y 
pared, blue titmouse, 
glasan -au, glasanen, nj, grayling 
glasbaill, n, bloom on fruit 
tglaschv/erthin, v, to laugh sardonically; 

to simper 
glasdwr, glasddwr, H = glastwr 
glasddu, a, dark blue, bluish black 
glasddydd, n, dawning day 
glasfaran -edd, n, samlet 
tglasfedd, n, fresh mead 
glasgangen, nj, grayling 
glasglwyf, n, green sickness, chlorosis 
glasgoch, a & n, purple 
tglashaid, heidiau, «/, young swarm 
glasiad, n. Glasiad dydd, day-break 

(2 Kings vii. 7) 
glaslanc -iau, n, half-grown youth, hob- 
bledehoy, stripling 
glaslwyd, a & n, grey, slate 
glaslys, li, woad 
glasog -au, nf, crop, gizzard 
tglasresawu, v, to salute coldly 
glasrew, n, rain fallen and congealed 
glasrewi, v, to freeze after rain 
glaster, n, blueness, greenness, verdure 
giastorch, n, leveret 
glastwr, tglastwfr, n, milk and water 
glastwraidd, a, milk-and-water 
glasu, V, to become blue or any other 
associated colour; to turn pale; to 
sprout ; to dawn 
tglas\was, weision, n, youth, stripling 
tglaswawd, w, fresh song 
glaswellt, en, green grass 
glaswelltyn, «, blade of green grass 
glaswen, nj, tender smilej; sickly smile 
glaswenu, v, to smile feebly or insin- 
cerely; to smile disdainfully 
glaswydd, np (-en, nf), green saplings 
glaswyn, a, bluish or greyish white; 

grey: /. glaswen 
glaswyrdd, a, bluish green: /. glaswerdd 
glaw -ogydd, ;/, rain. Bivriv glow, to rain 
glaw-fesurydd, n, rain-gauge 
glawic, r, 1') rain 
ghiwlen -ni, nf, umbrella 
glawog, a, rainy 



GLO 

glawogydd, nt), rains, shf)wers 

tgledd, n, turf, sward 

tgleifwaith, n, sword-work 

tgleindid, n=glendid 

gleindorch, dyrch, nf, string of beads 

tgleinfaen, fain, feini, n, alabaster 

tgleiniadur -on, n, pair of snuffers 

gleiniog, Í7, gemmed, jewelled 

gleisiad, gleisiedyn, iaid, ;;, salmon, sewin 

gleisiadeg, nf, salmon-net 

gleision, np, whey 

glendid, n, cleanness, purity; fairness, 

beauty; hoUness 
tglesin, n, greensward: a, green or blue 
glesni, n, blueness, blue; paleness; ver- 
dure ; chlorosis, green sickness 
gleuad, en (-en, nf), dried cow-dung used 

for fuel, cow-pats 
gleuod, n. See gleuad 
glew, rt, brave, courageous; bold, stout, 
valiant, daring; clever, astute. Go 
lew, pretty fair, middling 
glew -ion, n, brave man, hero 
glewa, V, to scrape together 
glewdra, glewder, fglewdid, tglewyd, n, 

courage, resource, prowess 
glin -iau, n, the knee 
glingal, n, galingale 
glingam, a, knock-kneed 
gliniogai, n, cow-wheat 
glo, n, coal 

gloddest -au, n, carousal, revellmg 
gloddesta, gloddestu, v, to carouse, to 

revel 
gloddestwr, wyr, n, reveller, voluptuary 
tgloddineb, «= glythineb 
gloes -au -ion t-oedd, nf, pang, ache, 

pain; qualm; swoon 
fgloesedig, a, pained 
tgloesi, tgloesio, v, to ache, to pain, to 

hurt ; to swoon ; to vomit 
tgloesygu, V, to swoon, to faint; to 

ache 
gloew, etc. See gloyw 
glofa, feydd, nf, colliery 
glofaol, a, (of a) coUiery, mining 
glofer, n, clover 
tglothineb, «= glythineb 
glowddu, rt. Du lowddu, coal-black, 

jet-black 
glöwr, glowr, wyr, n, coUier, ndner 
glowty, tai, n, cow-house, shippon 
glöyn, n, coal; glow-worm. Glöyn byw, 
fGlöyn Duw, butterfly 

196 * 



GLO 

gloyw, a, bright, shining, sparkling; 

shiny, glossy, polished; transparent, 

clear, lucid, limpid 

tgloywbrim, n, bright dawn. See prim 

gloywder, n, clearness, transparency, 

brightness 
gloywddu, a, glossy black, jet-black 
gloywgoch, a, bright red 
tgloywhau, v, to clear, to clarify 
gloywi, V, to clear, to clarify; to brighten; 

to polish 
gloywlas, a, blue and bright; fresh and 

clear 
gloywlym, a, sharp and bright 
gloywon, up, tlie clear of liquids 
gloywwyn, a, resplendently white, can- 
descent 
glud -ion, n, glue; bird-lime; paste 
glud, a, sticky, adhesive, tenacious; 
closet; diligentt, constant!; heavyt, 
sadf; intentf, earnestf, ferventf; 
hardt, soundf 
gludio, V, to stick, to cement, to glue 
gludiog, gludiol, a, sticky, viscous, glu- 
tinous 
gludwydd, np (-en, nl), lime twigs 
tglutàu, tgluto, V, to fight hard, to close, 

to attack stubbornly 
tglwtwn, n, glutton 
glwth, glythau, n, couch 
glwth, glythion, a, gluttonous : n, glutton 
glwys, a, fair, comely; pure; holy 
tglwysfudd -ion, n, benefice 
glyfaen, n, gypsum 
glyn -noedd, k, valley, vale, glen 
glynol, a, adhering, adhesive; infectious 
glynu, V, to stick, to adhere, to clmg, 

to cleave (to) 
tglysyn, M=gresyn 
tglythig, a= glwth 

glythineb, glythni, n, gluttony, voracity 
glythinebu, glythu, v, to glut, to gorman- 
dize; to waste (Ecclus. xiv. 4) 
tglythwyr, n, bier 
tglyw -ion, n, governor, ruler, lord 
tgnawd, fl, habitual, usual, customary 
tgnaws, «/=naws 

tgne -oedd, n, colour, hue, tint, com- 
plexion 
tgnif, tgnifl, «, pain, anxiety; toil, eflbrt; 

conflict, battle 
tgnodi, V, to habituate 
tgnodig, fgnodol, a, habitual, custom- 
ary, common, usual ,J-^ 



GOB 

tgnotaedig, a, accustomed, usual 
tgnotàu, V, to accustom ; to be wont 
tgnythawd, n, voracity 
go, nd &: px, rather, somewhat, partly, 
slightly. .As a px. its meaning is very 
variable 
goachul, a, lean, lank; poorly, sickly; 

puny 
f-goaddfain, a, lithe, slender 
tgoaflwm, a, bare 
tgoair, n, depreciation 
fgoarfoel, a, (somewhat) bald 
tgoatal, V, to stop, to astringe, to bind 
tgoatgas, a, absurd, disagreeable 
fgoathrist, a, pensive, moping, sad 
gobaith, beithion, n, hope, expectation 
tgobant -iau, bentydd, n, dell, dingle 
gobed -au, n, cob-iron, andiron 
tgobedror, a, at the four corners 
tgobeiddio, ti= gobeithio 
gobeithgar, a, hopeful, sanguine 
gobeithio, V, to hope, gobeithio, I hope, 

it is to be hoped 
gobeithiol, tgobeithus, a, hopeful 
gobeithlu -oedd, n, Band of Hope 
tgobell -au, nf, pad; saddle 
goben -nau, n, penultiina 
gobennydd, gobenyddiau, n, bolster, pil- 
low; cushion; socket 
gobenyddio, gobenyddu, v, to bolster, to 

pillow, to rest 
tgober -oedd, n, work, operation, deed 
tgoberydd -ion, «, factor 
tgobiso, V, to urinate scantily: n, 

strangury 
goblyg -ion, n, fold 
goblygu, V, to bow, to bend; to fold, to 

wrap (i Kings xix. 13) 
tgoborthi, V, to carry; to yield susten- 
ance or support 
tgoborthiant, n. sustenance 
tgobr -au, n, recompence, fee, reward 
tgobrafl, a, large, huge 
tgobrid, a, valuable, precious, dear 
tgobrudd, a, sad, grave 
tgobrwy au -on, n, reward (Heb. xi. 26) 
tgobrwyo, v, to deserve, to merit, to 

win; to reward, tu remunerate 
tgobrwyol, tgobrwyus, a, meritorious 
tgobrwywr, wyr, n, rewarder (Heb. xi. 6) 
tgobryn -au, n, desert, merit 
tgobrynol, a, meriting 
tgobrynu, v, to deserve, to merit, to win 
tgobwyllo, V, to lonsider; to provide for 
197 



GOB 



GODD 



tgobwysiad, n, gravitation 

tgobwyso, V, to weigh, to lean, to gravi- 
tate 

tgochael, v, to obtain 

tgochanu, v, to satirize, to lampoon 

tgochawn, a, distinguished 

gochel, V, to avoid, to beware, to shun 

gochelatlwy, a, avoidable 

tgochelffordd, n/, by-way 

gochelgar, íí, wary, cautious, guarded 

gochelgarwch, n. caution, circumspection 

gocheliad, ii, caution, avoidance. Ar ei 
ocheliad, on his guard 

gochelyd, fgochlyd, v, to avoid, to shun 

tgochrwm, a, bent, stooping 

tgochwibanu, v, to whistle low 

tgochwys, a, sweating, foaming 

tgod, a, adulterous: -ion, n, adulterer 

tgodaeog, n, (inferior) villein 

tgodaran, a, thundering, rumbling 

godart, godard -au, nf, cup, mug 

tgodech, n, lurk, skulk : v, to lurk 

tgodechwr, wyr, n, lurker, skulker, 
slacker 

tgodechwydd, ;t, evening 

tgodeneu, a, somewhat thin, lean 

tgodeuog, a, keen, sharp 

godidog, fodidog, a, raref ; excellent, 
splendid, magnificent 

godido ^ rwydd. n, excellence 

tgodif, î', to fling, to cast 

godineb, n, adultery, fornication, in- 
continence 

godinebu, v, to commit adultery 

godinebus, a, adulterous 

godinebwr, wyr, n, adulterer; fornicator 

godinebwraig, wragedd, nf, adulteress 

tgodir, 11, slope; lowland 

tgodlawJ, a, poor, poorish, mean 

godo, n, the water orchis 

tgodo, n, roof, cover, shelter 

tgodor -rau, n, delay, hindrance, in- 
terruption 

tgodor, tgodorin, fgodorun, n, tumult, 
noise, din, uproar 

fgodorri, v, to interrupt; to hinder 

godowydd, n, water orchis 

godrad -au, n, milking 

tgodraed, a, underfoot 

godre -on, euon, n, skirt, border, edge; 
foot (of hill) 

tgodref -i, nf, small town ; lodge, lodg- 
ment 

tgodremydd, n, spier 



godriad -au, n, milking 

tgodricawr, n, lingerer; sojourner 

tgodrig -ion, n, delay; abode, dwelling 

tgodrigo, V, to dwell, to abide, to tarry 

tgodrin, n, bustle; conflict 

godro, V, to milk 

tgodrudd, a, red-speared 

fgodrumydd -ion, n, hunchback 

tgodrwm, a, heavy, sad, melancholy 

godrwr, wyr, n, milker 

tgodrwyth, n, wild beet ; melilot ; blad- 
der-campion (codrwth). The plant 
mentioned in Kiilhwch & Olji'en has 
never been satisfactorily identified 

goduth, n, jog-trot 

tgodwrdd, dyrddau, fgodwrf, dyrfau, n, 
murmur, din, tumult, uproar 

tgodwrw, «=godwrf 

tgodwyllydd, n, deceiver 

tgody, dai, n, shed, outhouse 

tgodyrddu, tgodyrfu, v, to rumble, to 
murmur 

tgodywyll, a, somewhat dark (Lev. 
xiii. 28) ; shady 

godywyn -nau, n, gleam, glimmer 

godywynnu, v, to gleam, to ghmmer 

tgoddaid, a, submissive to 

tgoddail, np (ddeilen, nf), leaves, herbs 

goddaith, ddeithiau, nf, fire, blaze, burn- 
ing, bonfire, conflagration 

tgoddau, V, to intend ; to visit 

tgoddau, euon, n, design, intention, 
purpose. Gwaith goddau, set purpose 

tgodde, V & )! = goddau 

goddef, V, to bear, to suffer; to permit, 
to allow, to toler"*^^e: -ion, n, suffer- 
ance, leave 

goddefaint, n, passion 

goddefgar, a, forbearing, tolerant, pa- 
tient, long-suflering 

goddefgarwch, n, forbearance, tolerance, 
patience, long-suffering 

goddefiad -au, n, suffering, endurance; 
license; toleration; concession 

goddeflaeth, nf, goddeflant, n, suffer- 
ance, patience, tolerance 

goddef ol, a, suffering, passive; allow- 
able; tolerable; concessive 

goddef us, a, passive; forbearing, patient, 
long-suôering 

tgoddeg «/=gofeg 

tgoddeheu, a, towards the south 

goddeithio, tgoddeiddio, v, to set on fire, 
to burn, to consume (Joel i. 19) 



^ ^â-dd/^ti. ^SujB^icU Ci^ìje^OLcjg\ 



GODD 



GOG 



tgoddeu, V & M=goddau 

tgoddeuo, V, to purpose, to intend 

tgoddineb, H=godineb 

tgoddiwedydd, ;;, dusk, evening 

goddiweddyd, goddiwes, v, to overtake 

tgoddol, u=gwaddol 

tgoddoli, V, to extol; to exult, to rejoice 

tgoddoli, i'=gwaddoli 

tgoddrud, a, bold, valiant 

tgoddug, n, path, track 

tgodduned -au, «/, vow, pledge 

tgoddwr, H. See oddwr 

tgoddyn, n, axis, pivot 

tgoddysgaid, a, taught, educated 

tgoer, i!, cool, fresh (gooer) 

fgoerwyr, a, slow, tardy 

gof -aint -iaid (the former is the literary 
plural. See Jer. xxiw i), n, smith 

tgofaich, n, roar, bellow 

gofal -on, n, care, anxiety, trouble; 
charge 

gofalaeth -au, nf, care, charge 

gofalu, V, to rare, to mind, to take care; 
to fret, to vex; to worry; to harass! 

gofalus, a, careful; solicitous, anxious, 
worried 

tgofalwch, n, care, solicitude, anxiety 

gofalvvr, wyr, n, care-taker, custodian 

gofaniaeth, nf, smith's craft 

tgofar, n, wrath, ire, fury 

tgofaran, «, passion: a, passionate 

tgofardd, feirdd, n, poetaster 

tgofeg, nf, mind; speech, utterance 

tgofeilaint, fgoleiliant, n, rare, concern, 
solicitude, anxiety, worry; compunc- 
tion 

tgofel, a, (rather) sweet: n, sweetness 

tgofelyn, a, yellowish 

gofer -oedd ytíd, ;;, the overflow of a 
well; rill, streamlet (Prov. xxv. 26) 

goferini, n, brooklime 

goferol, .7, purling, rippling 

goferu, V, to run, to ooze, to trickle 

goferwi, V, to parboil 

gofid -iau t-ion, u, grief, sorrow, afflic- 
tion, trouble, pain 

gofidfawr, a, painful, grievous (2 Mace, 
ix. 18) 

gofidio, V, to afflict, to grieve, to vex 

tgofidius, fl=gondus 

gofidus, a, vexatious, grievous, sad, 
sorrowful 

tgofltrew, w, chilblain, frost-bite 

tgoflaen, n, point, front 



goflawd, n, mill dust 

goflew, np, soft hair, down 

goflodio, tgoflodi, V, to sprinkle flour, 
to dredge 

gofod -au, «, space, room; whilef 

tgofras, a, somewhat coarse; mean, base 

tgofreg -au, n, frolic, gambol 

tgofrl, a, noble, distinguished 

fgofron -nau, nf, breast, bosom 

tgofron -nydd, nf, gently-rising hill, slope 

tgofrwyd -au, n, maze, labyrinth 

tgofryd, n, design, purpose 

tgofudr -on, a, foul 

tgofunaid, )//=gofuned 

tgofuned -au, nf, vow, wish, desire 

tgofunedig, a, vowed, devoted 

tgofunedol, a, devout 

tgofunedus, a, devoted 

tgofur, n, a low wall 

tgofwlch, fylchau, n, notch 

gofwy -on, n, visit, visitation (frequently 
in the sense of judgment. See Jer. 
X. 15) : V, to visit 

tgofwyant, n, visitation, affliction 

gofwyo, V, to visit 

gofwywr, wyr, n, visitor, visitant 

tgotyddin, nf, a small army 

tgofyged, a, honoured 

gofyn, V, to ask, to demand, to request, 
to require, to solicit: -ion f-nau, n, 
question; claim, demand, request, re- 
quirement. Myned ar ofyn dyn, to 
ask or seek anything of one 

tgofynag, egion, fgofynaig, eigion, nf, 
desire, hope, trust, confidence 

gofyngar, a, inquiring, wistful 

gofyniad -au, n, question, query, in- 
terrogation 

gofynnod -au, n, note of interroga- 
tion (?) 

gofynnol, a, necessary, requisite 

gofynnwr, ynwyr, n, creditor 

gotyny, n, ascent, hill (S.W.) 

fgofysio, V, to handle, to finger 

tgogamp -au, )(/, inferior feat 

gogan -au, nf, defamation, satire, 
lampoon 

gogan-air, n, calumny (i Pet. ii. i) 

tgogan-gerdd -i, nf, satire, lampoon 

goganu, V, to defame, to satirize, to 
lampoon, to revile, to deride 

goganus, a, scandalous 

goganwr, wyr, n, satirist, reviler 

tgogawn, tgwogawn, a, distinguished 
199 



GOG 

tgogawr, H, beehive 

tgogawr, n/=gogor 

tgogelog, ÍÎ, cautious, wary 

tgogelyd, r=goglyd 

tgogil -ion, n, decline, wane 

goglais, gleisiau, n, tickle, tickling 

goglais, V, to tickle 

gogledd, );, north: a, north 

gogleddol, a, northern 

tgogleddwawr, >if, aurora borcalis 

gogleddwr, wyr, n, northinan 

gogleddwynt -oedd, n, north wind 

gogleisio, V, tn tickle 

gogleisio!, a, tickling; ticklish 

gogloff, n, halting, lame 

goglyd, n, dependence, trust, conhdciice, 
reliance (Prov. xi. 28): v, to depend, 
to rely 

tgoglyd, V, to shun, to avoid, to eschew, 
to obviate; to elude, to parry 

goglywed, v, to overhear; to hear 

tgognaw, «, activity: a, active; famil- 
iar with 

tgogoch, a, reddish 

tgogot -au, n/, cave, cavern, den=-ogof 

fgogonaw', tgogoned, (7, glorious, exalted 

tgogonedd, n, glory, grandeur 

gogoneddiad, n, glorification 

gogonertdu, v, to glorify, to exalt 

gogoiieddus, a, glorious, grand, exalted 

gogoneddusrwydd, n, gloriousness 

gogoniant, fiannau, n, glory; grandeur 

gogoi-ion, nf, fodder, provender; winter 
food tor cattle 

gogr -au, ((, sieve, riddle 

gograid, eidiau, n, sieveful 

tgogrisbin, a, somewhat dry 

gogrwn, tgogwrn, tgogyrnu, i;^ gogryn 

gogryn(u), v, to sift, to riddle, to bolt 

tgogiisa, fgoguso, î^, to dally, to toy 

gogwydd -ion, n, leaning, inclination, 
bent, trend. Ar ei ogwydd, leaning, 
slanting, inclined 

gogwyddiad -au, n, inclination, pro- 
pensity 

gogwyddo, V, to lean, to incline, to slope 

gogwyddog, gogwyddol, a, leaning 

tgogv/ympo, I', to fall, to collapse 

gogyd-dragwyddol, a, coeternal 

tgogyiaddaw, v, to threaten 

tgogyfaddaw -au, n, threat 

tgogyfarch, a, conspicuous: ;;, noble, 
peer 

tgogyfarch, i^, to greet, to welcome 



GOH 

gogyfer, a, opposite; for, by, against 

gogyfled, n, mean breadth: a, of equal 
breadth 

tgogyfnos, n, dusk; late 

gogytoed, a, of the same age, coeval 

tgogyfres, a, of uniform range : n, series 

tgogyfurdd -ion, n, peer, compeer 

gogyfuwch, a, co-equal, equal, even 
(Phil. ii. 6) 

tgogyffelyb, a, like, similar; co-equal 

fgogyflred, v, to protect, to defend 

tgogyngerth, a, overhanging, over- 
spreading 

tgogynghrwn, a, oval 

gogyhyd, a, of equal length (Prov. 
xxvi. 7) 

tgogylch -au, n, circumference 

tgogylchedd -au, n, circumstance 

tgogylchynu, v, to go round, to sur- 
round, to encompass 

gogymaint, a, of equal magnitude or 
quantity, equal (Rev. xxi. 16) 

tgogymhraff, a, of equal thickness 

gogynfardd, feirdd, n, Welsh poet from 
1 2th to 14th century 

tgogysgod -ion, n, phantiim, shadow, 
image 

tgohân, M=gwahân 

tgohanol, a=gwahanol 

tgohanredol, í7=gwahanredol 

tgohanu, j;=gwahanu 

gohebiaeth -au, nf, correspondence 

gohebol, a, corresponding 

gohebu, V, to correspond: to speakf, to 
utterf 

gohebydd -ion, tgohebwr, wyr, u, cnrres- 
poiident, reporter. [Gohebydd and 
gohebicyr are the commoner forms) 

tgohedrydd, a, with easy motion 

tgohen, n, track, course; inclination; bias 

tgohen, a, elderly 

tgohilion, n^=gwehillon 

gohir -iau, >t, liusering, dela>'; dallying 

gohiriad~au, n. prolonging; lingering; ad- 
jouruing, adjournment, postponement 

gohiriant, n, prolongation, adjournment 

gohirio, V, to prolong, to delay, to stay, 
to linger; to postpone, to defer, to 
adjourn 

gohiriwr, wyr, n, procrastinator; loiter- 
er, lingerer 

tgohogi, V, to sharpen 

tgohoyw, a, sprightly 

gohyd -oedd, n, mean length 
200 



GOL 



tgolaith, V, to avoid, to evade, to elude 
tgolaith, a, dampish, damp, moist, 

humid 
tgolan -nau, nf, bank, brink 
tgolas, a, pale blue, pale 
golau, li. a, & r=goleu 
golch -ion, n, wash; lotion; lye; urine 
golchadwy, a, washable 
golchbren -ni, n {nf S.W.), washing- 
beetle, dollypeg 
golchdy, dai, n, wash-house, laundry 
tgolchedigaeth, nt, washing away 
golehfa, nf, washing-place; bath; laun- 
dry ; wash ; lathering, thrashing 
(colloq.) 
golchfTon, flyn, m/= golchbren 
golchi, 7', to wash, to cleanse ; to cleanf; 
to lather, to beat, to thrash fcolloq.) 
golehiad -au, n, washing; plating; beat- 
ing 
golchion, np, slops, washings; suds 
golchionach np, slip-slops 
golchlestr -i, n, wash-pot, laver 
tgolchuries -au, nf, washerwoman, 

laundress 
golchwr, wyr, golchydd -ion, n, washer 
golchwraig, wragedd, nf, washerivoman 
golchyddes -au, nf, laundress 
gold, golt, en, gold ; corn marigold. 

Gold Mair, marigold 
tgoldwir, n, gold wire 
tgoledrad, a, stealthy, furtive, clan- 
destine 
goleddf, n, slant, slope. Ar oleddf, slop- 
ing, slanting, oblique 
tgolesol, a, beneficial 
goleu, n, light: a, light; bright, clear; 
plain, evident, manifest; enlightened: 
V, to light 
goleuad -au, n, lighting, illumination; 

light, luminary 
tgoleuannu, t;=goleuo 
goleuder, n, light, brightness 
goleudy, dai, n, lighthouse 
goleuddydd, »i, broad day 
goleuedig, a, enlightened 
tgoleufynag, n, demonstration. (An 
attempt to render a Hebrew ex- 
pression meaning literally ' per- 
fections ' — I Sam. xiv. 41) 
tgoleugerth, a, bright, luminous, re- 
splendent 
goleuhau, v, to light, to light up, to 
illuminate, to shine 



GOL 

tgoleulawn, a, relulgent 

goleu-leuad, n, moonlight. Fel goleu- 

leuad, pale, wan 
golenliw -iau, n, light hue 
tgoleune, n, light tint 
goleuni, n, light 

goleuo, V, to light, to lighten, to en- 
lighten, to illuminate; to shine, to 
glitter, to sparkle; to glow 
goleuol, a, enlightening 
tgoleurwydd, n, light 
goleuwr, wyr, n, lighter, enlightener, 

illuminator 
tgolfan -od, nf, sparrow 
tgolinio, I', to elbow, to nudge 
tgolithro, V, to slip, to slide, to ghde 
tgoliw -iau, n, faint hue or tint 
tgolo, n, burial 
tgolo, tgoloi, V, to cover, to bury, to 

inter 
tgolochwyd, n=golychwyd 
tgolochwydo, v, to worship 
tgolochwydwr, wyr, n, hermit, recluse 
tgolofaidd, a, covering, enveloping 
tgolofrudd, a, murderous 
igoloi, V. See golo 

golosg -ion, n, charcoal, coke: a, coked 
golosged, n, what is partly burnt; the 

snurt of a candle; tinder 
golosgi, V, to char, to singe, to blast 
golud -oedd, n. wealth, riches 
tgoludferth, a, fair and precious 
goludog, a, wealthy, rich 
tgoludd -ion, n, hindrance, impediment. 

Heb oludd, without delay, at once 
tgoludJias, tgoluddio, v, to hinder 
tgolusgion, np, draughts 
tgolwch, n, prayer, adoration, praise, 

worship : v, to pray, to worship 
golwg, ygon, nf & n, sight, look, view, 
appearance ; eye. Golwg-wasanaeth, 
eye-service (Eph. vi. 6) 
tgolwrch, yrchau, n, a box (gorflwch) 
tgolwybr -au, n, slight trace, vestige 
golwyth -ion, n, collop, chop, slice, 

rasher, cut, piece (of meat) 
tgolychu, V, to pray, to worship, to 

adore, to reverence 
tgolychwyd, n, prayer, worship, adora- 
tion ; retreat 
golygfa, feydd, nf, scenery, scene: sight, 

view 
golygiad -au, n, view; appearance, 
aspect (i Sam. xvi. 7) ; scenef 



Il^ - j trU)^iÁíÛ£ ' ^ íT/«Af 6Í4^^ h^A^- J2a.^(UÍ^\ 



GOL 



GOR 



golygol, a, perspective; visual 

golygu, u, to view, to regard, to con- 
sider; to mean, to intend, to imply; 
to edit 

golygus, a, sightly, comely, handsome 

golygwedd -au, nf, feature, aspect 

golygwr, wyr, n, overseer, guardian 

golygydd -ion, wyr, n, editor 

golygyddiaeth, n/, editorship 

golygyddol, a, editorial 

tgolymhau, v, to sharpen, to whet 

golymu, fgolym, v, to whet, to sharpen 
(Ps. cxl. 3) 

tgolyrchaid, eidiau, n, boxful 

tgolystawdr, n, interpreter 

tgolyth, a, feeble, bowed down 

tgoUewin. n & a, west = gorllewin 

gollwng, tgellwng, v, to drop; to loose; 
to let go, to let slip; to absolve, to 
remit; to leak; to give way. Gollwng 
yn angof, to forget. Gollwng yn 
rhydd, to free. Gollwng gwaed, to let 
blood, to blood; to shed blood 

goUyngdod, n, absolution; release; re- 
lief 

gollyngiad, n, liberation, release 

tgomach -au, «/, shank, shin 

gomedd, v, to refuse, to deny; to omit 

gomeddiad, «, refusal ; omission 

gomeddwr, wyr, », refuser 

tgomynu, i^, to fell, to hew down 

gonaddu, v, to chip, to whittle 

gonest, a, honest, sincere 

gonestrwydd, n, honesty, sincerity 

tgooer, a, coldish, cool 

fgooeri, V, to cool 

gôr, n, matter, pus 

tgôr, n, brood: a, broody 

tgoradain, a, winged; with swift wings; 
exalted 

goraeddfed, a, over-ripe 

tgoraf, a, a factitious form of goreu 

tgorafun, j;-=gwarafun 

tgoraig, nf, source 

gorair, eiriau, n, adverb 

tgoralw, V, to call out, to cry 

tgorallt. nf, hill, height 

goratnl, a, superabundant 

goramlder, goramledd, n, superabund- 
ance 

tgorannedd, a, ready 

gorariannu, v, to silver over 

gorau, a = goreu 

tgorawen, n/, transport, joy, rapture 



tgorawenu, v, to smile ; to rejoice, to 
exult 

tgorawenus, a, joy.ius, exultant, rap- 
turous, ecstatic 

gorblu, np, immature featliers 

tgorborth, n, excessive aid 

tgorbwys, n, rest, dependence, trust 

gorbwys, n, overweight 

tgorbwyso, v, to rest upon, to depend; 
to lean, to incline 

gorbwyso, v, to outweigh, to overweigh 

tgorclawdd, n, hedgC; fence 

tgorchadw, v, to ward, to watch, to 
guard 

tgorchaled, a, extremely hard; harsh 

tgorchan -au, nf, charm; incantation; 
song; eulogy 

tgorcharfanau, np, jaws, gums 

tgorchaw -on, n, great-great-grandchild 

tgorcheifn -aint, n, collateral relation 
in tlie seventh degree 

tgorcheiniad, laid, n, enchanter 

tgorcheiniaeth, nf, incantation 

gorchest -ion, nf, feat, exploit: excel- 
lence; masterpiece; vanity, bravado 

gorchestol, a, of the nature of a feat, 
excellent, masterly, heroic; vain, con- 
ceited 

gorchestu, v, to do a feat; to boast 

gorchestwaith, weithiau, n, feat, exploit, 
masterpiece 

tgorchetholwyr. See gorddercholwr 

gorchfygiad -au, n, defeat 

gorchfygol, a, vanquishing, victorious 

gorehfygu, v, to overcome, to vanquish, 
to conquer, to defeat, to subdue 

tgorchfygus, a, victorious, triumphant 

gorchfygwr, wyr, n, victor, conqueror 

tgorchgudd, n, fgorchguddio, i'=gor- 
chudd, gorchuddio 

gorchmynnol, a, imperative 

tgorchordd -ion, n, host, retinue. 
Giciledych gorchorddion, Lord of Hosts 

tgorchrain, a, prostrate 

gorchudd -ion, n, cover, covering, veil 

gorchuddio, v, to cover, to veil, to 
envelop 

tgorchwirio, v, to attest, to verify 

tgorchwy, a, great, extreme 

tgorchwydd, n, fall: a, fallen 

gorchwyl -ion, /t, employ, task, job, 
labour, undertakin;;, work, business, 
duty, occupation, employment 
gorchwyledd, n, bashfulness (Ezra ix. 6) 
202 



^ £U0vü<4Iaw>^AA. 



GOR 



GOR 



fgorchwylus, a, bashful, shy 
tgorchwyo, v, to overwhelm 
tgorchyfanedd, np, jaws, gums 
tgorchyfarwy, n, twilight, dusk 
tgorchyfnai, neiaint, n, great-grand- 
nephew 
tgorchyngnerth, n, strength, height, 

greatness 
gorchymyn, v, to command, to order; 

to commend 
gorchymyn -ion ^-a.\x, gorchmynion, n, 
command, commandment, precept, 
order 
tgorchynnan, «, noise, babble: a, noisy 
gordalu, v, to overpay 
tgordiberth, v, aor. s. 3, pressed upon 
gordoi, V, to overspread, to cover 
gordwf, u, overgrowth 
gordyfu, ;', to overgrow 
gordd, gyrdd, m/, hammer, mallet; sledge- 
hammer; beetle; churn-staff; knockerf 
tgordd-dorch, w/, torque, collar 
tgordden, nf, might: a, mighty 
gordderch -au -adon i-ai!au, nc, wooert, 
sweetheart!, betrothedf; paramour, 
adulterer; concubine, mistresF. Mah 
gordderch, Merch ordderch, illegitimate 
son, daughter 
gordderchiad, n, concubinage 
tgorddercholwr, wyr, n, courtier, noble 
gordderchu, v, to gallantf, to woof; to 

commit fornication or adultery 
tgordderchwas, n, lover, gallant 
gordderchwr, wyr, n, paramour, adul- 
terer; wooert 
gordderchwraig, wragedd, nf, concubine 
tgordderi, n., wailing, clamour, outcry 
tgorddethol, a, picked, select, choice 
tgorddibla, n, great plague 
tgorddifanw, a, evanescent, fleeting 
tgorddifwng, a, intense, fierce 
gorddig, a, furious 
fgorddigan -au, nf. See erddigan 
tgorddigor, n, state, condition, habit 
tgorddin, n, attack, onslaught; force, 

violence 
tgorddinedigaeth, nf, shedding, pouring 
tgorddineu, v, to pour out, to shed; to 

cast 
tgorddino, v, to uree, to impel, to spur 
gorddiog, Í7, sluggish, slow (Tit. i. 12) 
tgorddiwes, v, to overtake, to come upon 
tgorddloes, n. See orloes 
gorddod, ;;. hammer stroke 



tgorddodo, n, burrowing 
gorddor -au, nf, hatch, wicket 
tgorddrud, a, very bold, valiant 
gorddrws, ddrysau, n, wicket; lintel; 

upper part of double door 
gorddu, a, sombre 
tgorddugor, a, encircled with black 
gordduo, V, to black over 
gorddwfn, a, very deep, profound : n, 

the deep, the abyss 
tgorddwfr, n, higl) water; flood 
tgorddwy -oedd, n, violence, oppression; 

invasion: v, to oppress 
gordd wyn, n, mallet; rammer 
tgorddwyrain, v, to rise, to raise, to 

exalt 
tgorddwyo, fgorddwy, v, to oppress 
fgorddwyol, a, oppressive 
tgorddyar, n, sound, voice, roar, up- 
roar, tumult: V, to roar, to bellow: 
a, roaring, noisy 
tgorddyfn, n, habit: a, habitual 
tgorddyfnaid, v, to halntuate, to ac- 
custom (oneself), to be used to, to use 
tgorddyinawd, n, genius, temperament 
gorddyfnder -au, n, the deep, the abyss; 

' depths ' (Ps. Ixxi. 20) 
tgorddyfnu, v, to accustom, to be ac- 
customed ; to habituate; to exhaust 
tgorddyfod,z;,tocome upon, to supervene 
fgorddygan -au, /;/. Sec erddigan 
tgorddygnawd, a, hard, severe, grievous 
tgorecholwyr. See gorddercholwr 
tgoreiddin, up, remote descendants 
fgoreilid, n, burden, weight, pressure 
tgoreilidio, v, to burden, to oppress 
goreiriol, a, adverbial 
tgoreistedd, v, to sit above, to preside 
tgorenw -au, n, surname 
tgorenwi, v, to surname 
tgores -au, nf, waste: a, open, waste 
goresgyn, v, to overrun, to overflow; 
to invade; to overcome, to conquer; 
to subdue; to come into possession, 
to occupy 
tgoresgyn, n, conquered territory 
goresgyniad -au, n, in\asion, conquest 
tgoresgyniaeth, k/= goresgyniad 
goresgynnwr, ynwyr, goresgynnydd, yn- 
yddion, «, invader, conqueror; occu- 
pant . • 
tgoresgynnydd, n, descendant in the fifth 

degree, grandcliild of a grandchild 
tgorest -au, ni, waste: a, open, waste 
203 



GOR 

tgorestwng, v, to bow, to submit; to 

subdue 
tgoreth -au, n, a tent for a wound 
tgorethol, a, picked, select 
goreu, a, best. OV goreu, \ery well. 
Rhoi'r goreu, to give up, to cease. 
goreuon, tlie best of persons or tilings 
tgoreu, V, (he) made, did 
goreuaeth, «/, optimism 
goreugwyr, np (gwr, n), foremost men, 

grandees, aristocracy 
goreurad, n, gilding, gilt 
goreuraid, a, gilded, gilt; golden 
goreuredig, a, gilded, gilt 
goreuro, v, to gild 
goreurog, a= goreuraid 
goreuydd -ion, n, optimist 
goreuyddiaeth, nf, optimism 
goreuyddol, a, optimistic 

gorewi, V, to freeze sliglitlv 
tgorewydd, n, luxury, letJicry: a, wan- 
ton, lusty, spirited 

tgorewyn, a, foamy, foaming 

tgorewynnog, a, foaming, crested 

tgorewynnu, v, to foam 

gorfael, gorfaeliaeth, nf, monopoly 

gorfaelio, -u, v, to monopolize 

gorfaelwr, wyr, n, monopolist 

gorfaelydd -ion, /;, profiteer 

tgorfant, fannau, n, upper mandible 

gorfantoli, v, to overbalance, to out- 
weigh 

tgorfaran, n, fury: a, furious 

gorfedd, w=gorwedd 

tgorfeddawd, n, grave, tomb 

tgorfelyn, a, bright yellow 

gorferw, n, froth, foam, scum, dross 

gorierwi, v, to over-boil ; to bubble up 

tgorflawdd, ti, uproar 

tgorfloeddiog, a, shouting 

tgorflwch, flyehau, n, goblet, cup (Cant. 

Vii. 2) 

tgorflwng, a, surly, morose 

jorfod -au, n, obligation; necessity, 
compulsion; mastery; victory; war- 
rantf, securityf. Bu gorfod arnynt 
they were obliged 

gorfod, V, to overcome!; to conquer! ; 
to necessitate, to oblige, to compel 
to force; to be obliged; to suirvivet 

gorfodaeth, n/, obligation, compulsion; 
victoryt 

tgorfodawglu, n, conquering host 

gorfodi, r, to compel, to oblige 



GOR 

tgorfodog, ", victor, conqueror; guaran- 
tor. (Mach) gorfodog, surety for one 
accused of crime (legal) 
tgorfodogaeth, nt, suretyship, recog- 
nizance, bail 
tgorfodogi, V, to sequestrate 
gorfodol, ÍT, compulsory, obligatory 
tgorfodrif, n, majority 
gorfoledd -au, n, joy, gladness; rejoic- 
ing, jubilation, exultation; boasting, 
boast; triumph 
gorfoleddu, v, to rejoice, to triumph; to 

exult, to boast 
gorfoleddus, a, joyful, jubilant, triumph 

ant, exultant 
gorfoli, V, to belaud, to overpraise 
gorfoliant, w, adulation, flattery 
tgorforio, V, to go to sea 
tgorfotref, nf, thirteenth part of 

manor (legal) 
tgorfucheddu, v, to survive 
fgorfuddiog, a=gorfyddog 
tgorfurth', n, violent thrust 
tgorfyd -oedd, n, ov^r-world 
tgoriyddawdr, odron, n, victor 
tgorfyddog, a, victorious, triumphant 
tgorfyn, tgorfynt, fynnau, u, envy, 

ri\'alry, ambition 
jgortynnog, tgorfynnig, a, envious, emu- 
lous, ambitious 
gorfyny(dd), n, ascent = gorifyny 
gortyw, V, to outhve, to survive 
gorlîen, v, to conclude, to end, to finish, 
to complete; to have done; to deter- 
mine: -ion, ;;, conclusion, end, com- 
pletirm 
gorilenedig, a, finished, perfect 
gorffeniad, », finishing, finish, com- 
pletion 
Gorffennaf, h, July 
gorffennol, n, finishing; final; finished, 

complete; past: n, past 
tgoríîennu, v= gorffen 
gorflennwr, enwyr, n, finislier 
tgorflowys, v, to rest, to repose 
tgoröoys, tgorflroys, H=orffreis 
tgorflrwd, flrydiau, nf, torrent 
gorffwyll -ion, n, madness; folly 
gorffwyll, a, mad, frenzied 
gorawyllo, V, to grow mad, to rave 
gorffwyllog, a, mad, insane, frenzied 
gorflwylltra, n, madness, insanity, 

frenzy, lunacy 
tgorffwyr, a, exceedingly warlike 
204 



GOR 

tgorHwyr, n, a great battle 
gorffwys, n, rest, repose: v, to rest, to 
repose, to take a respite, to leave off 
gorffwysfa -oedd, nf, resting-place, rest; 

seat 
gorffwysiad -au, w, rest; pause; break, 

caesura 
gorffwyso, t) = gor{Iwys 
gorflwystra, n = gorfIwys 
tgorffywys, z)=gorffowys 
tgorgolchel, î;=goroIchi 
tgorgordd, )i/=gosgordd 
tgorgred, n, credulity 
tgorgred, n, superabundance 
gorgyflwrdd, v, to overlap 
fgorgylchynu, v, to surround 
jgorgymyn, n= gorchymyn 
gorhaeddiannol, a, of supererogation, 

supererogatory 
gorhaeddiant, n, supererogation 
gorhelaeth, a, profuse, superabundant 
gorhenaint, n, extreme old age 
fgorhendad -au, ", great-grandfather 
gorhendaid, deidiau, n, great-great- 
grandfather; forefather 
tgorhenfara -au, n/, great -grandmother 
tgorhengaw, n, great-great-grandfather 
gorhennain, neiniau, nf, great-great- 
grandmother 
tgorhëwg, a, malapert, saucy 
tgorhoen, ni, ioy, jubilation, exultation; 

ecstasy; frenzy 
gorhoff, a, very delectable or delightful 
tgorhoffedd, n, dehght; boast; affecta- 
tion, infatuation, vanity 
gorhoffter, n, over-fondness, infatuation 
gori, V, to brood, to hatch=deor 
gori, V, to fester, to gather, to suppurate 
goriad -au, w=agoriad 
tgoriang, a, exceedingly proud 
tgoriain, v, to hatch=gori 
tgoriain, tgorian, -j, to keep crying out, 

to be querulous 
gorifyny(dd), n, ascent, acclivity, steep 

climb 
tgoriog, a=gwriog 
gorîs, pr, below, beneath, underneath, 

under (Acts xxvii. i6) 
tgorisgell, M, scum of liquor 
goriwaered, n, descent, declivity 
gorlanw, n, repletion; high tide 
tgorlas, a & n, sky-blue; bright green 
tgorlasar, n, blue enamel 
tgorlasawg, a, exceedingly blue 



GOR 

gorlawn, a, full to overflowing 

gorlenwi, v, to overfill 

gorlethol, a, overpowering, overwhelming 

gorlethu, v, to overpower, to over- 
whelm 

gorlifo, V, to overflow 

gorliwio, V, to colour too highly, to 
exaggerate 

tgorloes -au, nf, murmuring sound : a, 
murmuring 

tgorloes, n. See orloes 

tgorlwch, (; = gorflwch 

gorllanw, n, high water, high tide 

tgorllanw, v, to fill to the brim 

tgorllechu, v, to skulk 

gorllewin, n, the west 

gorllewinol, a, westerly, western, occi- 
dental 

gorllewinwr, wyr, n, western 

tgorllewydd, «= gorllewin 

tgorllin, n, chief line : a, of high descent 

gorlliw, n, hue, tint 

tgorllwybr, n, track 

tgorllwyn, «, escort : v, to follow, to 
escort 

tgorllwyth -on, a, overloaded 

gorllyd, a, purulent; addled; broody 

tgorllydd -ion, n, embryo 

tgorllyfnu, v, to smooth, to stroke; to 
harrow 

tgorm, a, fem. of gwrm 

gormail, eilion, n, oppression, tyranny; 
cor q uest ; predominance 

tgormant, n, plenitude, overflow: a, 
overflowing {gor + manl) 

gormeilio, v, to conquer, to overcome; 
to prevail, to predominate; to over- 
run; to oppress 

gormeiliwr, wyr, n, tyrant, oppressor 

gormeilo, t;= gormeilio 

tgormeisiad, iaid, tgormesiad, iaid, n, 
molester, eticroacher, oppressor, t vrant 

gormes -au -ion -oedd, n, oppression, 
tyranny; molestation, intrusion; in- 
vasion ; plaguef. Gwenynen ormes, 
drone 

gormesdeyrn -edd, n, usurper, tyrant, 
despot 

gormesiad, n. See gormeisiad 

gormesol, n, oppressive, t5T:annical, 
burdensome 

gormesu, v, to molest, to intrude, to 
trespass; to oppress, to tyrannize; to 
invade 

205 



fy^^^^^^uiXH^ 'íi^\jí^MU^^ 



GOR 



GOR 



gormeswr, wyr, gormesydd -ion, n, 

molester, oppressor, tyrant 
gormod -ion, n, too much, excess, sur- 
plus, superfluity; too many 
gormodedd, n, excess, superabundance, 

superfluity 'í /^^-'V^' ■'" 
gormodiaeth, nf, excess 
gormodiaith, nf, hyperbole, exaggera- 
tion 
gormodol, a, excessive 
tgormodd, n= gormod 
tgormoddu, v, to exaggerate 
tgormwyth, n, catarrh 
tgorne -oedd, n, hue, tmt, blush 
gornest, )i/=ornest 

tgorober -oedd, n. feat; excess; su- 
pererogation 
tgorod, n, grave, tomb 
goroesi, V, to outlive, to survive 
goroesiad -au, n, survival 
goroeswr, wyr, n, survivor 
gorohîan, nf & v. See orohîan 
gorolchi, V, to wash over 
goror -au, nf & n, confine, border, coast. 

Y Gororaii, The Marches 
gor-ruthriad, n, precipitation 
gorsaf -oedd, nf, station 
gorsafol, a, stationary. -fBrwydr or- 

safol, pitched battle 
gorsafu, V, to station 
tgorsangu, v, to over-tread 
gorsedd -au, nf, seat, throne; moundf, 
hint, heightf, eminencef; court of 
lawf, tribunalt 
gorseddfa -oedd, feydd, nf, throne, seat; 

hillf, knoUt, eminencef 
gorseddfaine, feinciau, nf, throne 
gorseddiad, n, enthronement, installa- 
tion 
gorseddu, v, to enthrone, to install; to 

sitt, to dwellf, to remain! 
tgorselyll, v, to subsist, to continue 
tgorsengi, v, to o^er-tread 
tgorsin(g), gorsingau, nf, door-post 

(Amos ix. i) 
tgortrech, «= gorthrech 
tgortrechu, 1»= gorthrechu 
gorthal, n, surcharge 
tgorthaw, n, silence 
tgorthewi, v, to be silent, to hush 
tgorthir -oedd, n, hill-country, highland 
fgortho, n, covering; roof; canopy : a, 

covered 
tgorthoi, V, to cover over 



tgorthorch, thyrch, nf, torque, collar 
tgorthorri, v, to cut, to break 
gorthrech -ion, n, oppression, coercion, 

extortion, violence 
gorthrechiant, n, domination 
gorthrechol, a, oppressive, coercive 
gorthrechu, v, to oppress, to overcome, 

to conquer, to prevail, to coerce 
gorthrechus, a, conquering, victorious; 

oppressive, coercive 
gorthrechwr, wyr, n, conqueror; op- 
pressor 
tgorthrwm, a, very heavy, oppressive, 

grievous 
gorthrwm, n, oppression 
gorthrymder -au, n, heaviness, oppres- 
sion; tribulation; affliction; vexation 
gorthrymedig, a, oppressed, liowntrodden 
gorthrymu, v, to oppress; to weigh 

down+ 
gorthrymus, a, oppressive 
gorthrymwr, gorthrymydd, wyr, n, op- 
pressor 
tgorthwf, thyOon, n, overgrowth, ex- 
crescence 
tgorthwym, tgorthwymyn, a, overwarm 
tgorthynnu, v, to overstrain 
tgorthywys, v, to lead 
tgorthywys, np, large ears of corn 
goruchaf, a, most high, highest: n, 

sovereign! 
goruchaflaeth, nf, supremacy, victory, 
mastery, domination, ascendancy; 
triumph 
!goruchder, n, superiority; supremacy 
goruchel, a, supreme, exalted; sublimef 
goruchelder, ;;, summit, height; high- 
ness; excellency; sublimity! 
tgoruchelfaer, n, chief governor 
!goruchelion, n, meteors 
!goruchiad, n, heavenly body, planet 
!goruchion, np (-en, nf), meteors 
goruchwyliaeth -au, nf, oversight, super- 
vision; dispensation; stewardship; 
agency; operation; process 
goruchwylio, v, to oversee, to supervise 
goruchwyliwr, wyr, n, overseer, agent, 

steward 
!gorug, V, (he) did, made (aorist tense 

of tgorwyn) 
!gorun, n, surf, spray, foam: a, foamy 
tgoruthr, rt = aruthr 
!goruthr, n, authority, sway 
tgoruthredd, n=aruthredd 
206 



GOR 

goruwch, pr & px, above, over, su- 
perior to 
goruwchadail, goruwchadeilad -au, n, 
goruwchadeiladaeth -au, nf, super- 
structure 
goruwchddaearol, a, superterrestrial 
goruwch-leoedd, np, upper places, ' on 

high • (Heb. i. 3) 
goruwchly wodraeth, nf, supreme govern- 
ment 
goruwchlywodraethu, v, to over-rule 
goruwchnaturiol, a, supernatural 
goruwchreoli, v, to over-rule 
goruwch-ystafell -oedd, nf, upper room 
gorwacter, n, vanity, frivolity 
tgorwaered, n, declivity, descent 
gorv/ag, !î, vain, empty, desolate 
gorwagedd -au, n, vainglory, vanity 

(2 Pet. ii. iS) 
tgorwagrwydd, n= gorwagedd 
gorwaith, n, overwork 
gorwedd, v, to lie, to recline. Yn (ar) 

ei oru'edd, lying down; reclining 
gorweddia -oedd, gorweddfan -nau, nf, 

bed, couch, resting-place 
gorweddiad, n, lying down 
gorweddian, v, to lounge, to loll 
gorweddle -oedd, »; = gorweddia 
gorweddog, gorweiddiog, a, bedridden 
gorweddol, a, recumbent 
gorweiddiog, a. See gorweddog 
gorweithio, v, to overwork 
gorwel -ion, n, the horizon 
gorwenu, v, to laugh, to grin 
gorwir, a, quite true 
gorwireb -ion, nf, hyperbole 
gorwisg -oedd, nf, outer garment; cover, 

envelope, wrapper 
gorwiw, a, superexcellent 
gorwlad, wledydd, nf, bordering country 
gorwlychu, v, to wash over; tu drench 
tgorwr, wyr, n, superman; hero 
tgorwraidd, a, heroic 
gorwych, a, gorgeous, magnificent, superb 
gorwychder, n, gorgeousness, splendour 
tgorwydd, en, tall trees ; trees 
tgorwydd -awd, n, horse, courser, steed, 

palfrey 
tgorwyddan, a, belonging to a steed 
gorwyllt, a, frantic, mad, wild, furious 
tgorwymp, a, exceedingly fair 
tgorwyn, a, wrathful 
gorwyn, am, very white; candescent: 
/. gorwen 



GOS 

tgorwyn, v, to do, to make 

gorwyr -ion, n, great-grandson 

jgorwyrain, i'=arwyrain 

gorwyres -au, nf, great-grand-daughter 

tgorwyth, n, fury 

tgorwythog, a, furious 

tgorymdaa, v.def. s. 3, pres. ind., (he) 
goes on a journey 

gorymdaith, deithiau, nf, procession 

gorymdaith, gorymdeithio, v, to pro- 
cession; to walkt, to strollf, to 
travcit; to sojoarnf (Gen. xlvii. 4) 

gorymdeithydd -ion, n, processionist; 
traveller! 

tgorymddaith, t'= gorymdaith 

tgorymddwyn, n, embolism, insertion, 
intercalation. Dyddiaii gorymddwyn, 
mtercalary days 

gorymyl -on, n, extreme edge 

goryn -nod, n, pimple, pustule 

gorynnog, a, pimpled, pimply 

gorynys -oedd, nf, peninsula 

tgorysgalog, tgorysgelo, a, sparkling 

tgorysgwr, n, yoke 

tgoryw, V, (he) did, made, overcame, 
subdued 

gosaib, seibiau, n, pause 

tgosail, seiliau, n, groundwork, founda- 
tion; base, basis; sole; subject (of a 
verb) 

tgosawg, n=gosog 

fgosbaith, n, aspect, mien 

tgosbeithig, a, comely, handsome 

gosber -au, n, evening; evening prayer, 
evt-nsong, vespers 

gosberol, a, vespertine 

goseb, tgwoseb -ion, nf, gitt, handsel 

tgoseilio, V, to found; to lay a foun- 
dation 

tgoser, np (-en, nf], asteroids 

tgosgedd -au, ;;, form, shape, figure; 
aspect; appearance; mien 

gosgeiddig, (I, well -formed, shapely, 
comely, graceful, handsome 

tgosgeth, n, face, form, image (gos- 
gedd) 

tgosgo, etc. See osgo 

gosgordd -ion, nf, host, retinue, train, 
escort. Seven osgordd, Lleuad osgordd, 
satellite 

gosgorddlu -oedd, n, body-guard 

tgosgryn, n, qual<ing, tremblmg, trepida- 
tion, terror, dread 

tgosgudd, a, skulking, lurking 
207 



GOS 

tgosgymon, n, combustible, kindiing; 
fuel 

tgosib, nf, gossip 

goslef -au, nf, voice, intonation, tone; 
the throatf (oslef) 

tgosmeithio, -j=gosymdeithio 

gosod, V, to put, to set, to lay, to 
place, to bestow; to let (as a house); 
to appoint, to ordain; to charge (with 
a lance or similar weapon), to joust 

gosod -au, n, placing; statute, ordin- 
ance; position; onset, tilt, joust 

gosod, a, talse, artificial 

gosodedig, a, set, appointed 

gosodedigaelh -au, nf, proposition; or- 
dinance 

gosodiad -au, w, placing; position; es- 
tablishing; ordinance, appointment; 
proposition, thesis 

gosodwr, wyr, gosodydd -ion, n, placer, 
setter, letter 

fgosog -od, n, goshawk 

gosper, H=gosber 

gosteg -ion, n & nf, silence, lull, hush, 
quiet; attention; publishing; address; 
invocation; prelude. Ar osteg, in 
public hearing, after proclamation of 
silence, publicly. Gostegion priodas, 
banns of matrimony 

gostegu, V, to silence, to still, to quell 

gosteg wr, wyr, n, silencer; silentiary 

gostfach -au, nf, night-line 

tgostrodur, a, harnessed 

gostwng, V, to lower, to bring down, to 
reduce; to go down; to lay; to put 
down; to subdue; to bow, to humble, 
to abase. Codi a gostwng, to rise 
and fall 

gostyngedig, a, humble, lowly; subject; 
humbledt, abasedt 

gostyngeiddrwydd, n, humility, lowli- 
ness; submissivenessf, submissionf, 
subjectionf 

gostyngiad, n, reduction; decrease; fall; 
discount; abasement; humiliation 
(Acts viii. 33) 

gostyngol, a, reducing; reduced 

gostyn£;vdd, », abaser, humiliator 

tgosym(d)aith, n, provision, support, 
sustenance, subsistence 

tgosyra(d)eitliio, v, to provide susten- 
ance, to nourish, to victual; to enter- 
tain ; to obtain support 

tgosymwy, a, warbling, trilling 



GRA 

tgot, a & H=god 

fgotoyw -on, n, spur 

tgouchaf, a, next to the highest 

tgoucher, fgouchyr, ad, towards 
evening 

tgowaered, n, declivity, slope, descent 

tgowala, a, well supplied 

gowared, n, declivity, descent (S.W.) 

tgowenu, J', to smile 

gown -au, gynau, n, gown 

tgowni, n, basting stitch, tack(ing) 

tgownîo, V, to tack, to rough-stitch 

tgowri, I', to shout, to bawl 

gowt, H, gout 

tgowybod, V, to know 

tgowychydd, (i, somewhat brilliant 

tgowyll, n, twilight 

fgoysgub, nf, small sheaf 

tgra, n, fur 

graban, en, corn marigold 

gradell, gredyll, nf, iron plate to bake 
bread or cake upon; bakestone; 
griddle; grate 

gradd -au, n & nf, grade, degree, rank, 
state, quality; stept, stridef, pacet. 
Poh ysti/d a gradd o ddynion, all sorts 
and conditions of men. graddau, 
steps. / raddau, in some degree, to 
some extent. / raddau helaeth, to a 
great extent 

graddeb -ion, nf, climax 

graddcdigaeth, nf, graduation 

graddedigion, np, graduates 

graddeg -au, «/, scale; gradient; rate 

graddfa, feydd, nf, scale 

tgraddfawr, pi. graddforion, a, with 
great strides 

graddiad -au, n, gradation, graduation 

graddio, v, to graduate 

graddog, a, graduated: -ion, n, graduate 
graddogaeth, nf, graduation 

graddogi, v, to grade, to graduate 
graddol, a, gradual 

graddoli, v, to graduate 

graddoliad -au, n, graduation, gradation 

tgraddwehyn, n, a graduate, an or- 
dained person 

graddwr, wyr, n, graduate 

graean, en, (greyenyn, n), gravel, coarse 

sand, grit 
graeandir, n, gravel land 
tgraeandde, a, gravelly 
graeanen, nf, grain 
graeaniad, n, granulation 

208 



GRA 

graeanllyd, a, gravelly, gritty 

graeanog, a, gravelly 

graeanol, a, granular, granulated 

graeanu, v, lo granulate 

graeanwst, nf, gravel (complaint) 

graen, «, grain, gloss, lustre; condition 

tgraen, n, sorrow, grief 

tgraen, tgraendde, a, lamentable, griev- 
ous, sad, mournful 

graenu, v, to grain 

graenus, a, of good grain; in good con- 
dition; glossy; sleek 

tgraenwen, a, fair, comely 

tgraesaw, n, welcome 

tgraesewl, v, to welcome 

grafel, n, gravel 

grafelog, a, gravelly 

tgraful, n, knave, wretch 

tgraffol -au -ion, n, style, pen 

graian, en. See graean 

tgraid, n, heat, burning, ardour: a, hot, 
ardent, vehement 

tgrain, greinion, «/, socket; ring 

gramadeg -au, n, grammar 

gramartesol, a, grammatical. Ysgol 
rainadegol, grammar school 

gramadegu, v, to grammaticize, toparse 

graniadegwr, wyr, gramadegydd -ion, 
w, grammarian 

tgran -nau, n, cheek 

tgrân, n = graen 

granar, n, granary 

gras t-au -usau, n, grace, favour. Y 
Grasau, the Graces 

tgrasaw, ", welcome 

tgrasawu, v, to welcome, to greet 

graslawn, a, full of grace, gracious 

graslonrwydd, n, graciousness, favour. 
Ei Raslonrwydd, His Grace (in title) 

grasol, grasusol, tgrasus, a, gracious 

grât, gratiau, n, grate 

gratio, V, to grate 

gratyr -on, n, grater 

grawn, np (gronyn, n), berries; grapes; 
grain; roe of fish. Grawn Corinth, 
currants 

grawnafal -au, n, pomegranate 

grawnsop, sypiau, n, bunch or cluster 
of grapes 

grawnwin, np, grapes 

tgrawth, a, plunging; voracious 

Grawys, n, Lent=Garawys (Lat. quad- 
rageẁna) 

tgre -oedd, nf, flock, herd, stud 



GRI 

greal -on, n, grail; magazine, miscellany 

tgreawr, orion, n, a herdsman 

greddf -au, n/, instinct; nature, intuition; 
disposition 

greddfol, a, instinctive, intuitive; habit- 
ual, natural, rooted; vigoroust; 
extreme t 

greddfu, v, to habituate; to become 
ingrained 

tgreffln(i)o, v, to scratch, to claw 

gregar, v, to cackle 

tgreidio, v, to burn, to scorch, to singe, 
to char 

tgreidiol, a, burning, ardent ; scorching, 
blasting 

tgreinfys, n, middle finger (garanfys) 

tgrelyn -nau, n, drinking-pool 

tgrem -iau, n, snarl; gnash 

tgremial, v, to murmur, to mutter; to 
snarl: to gnash (grymial) 

fgren, nf, large earthen vessel 

greolen, nf, briony plant 

tgres, »=gwres 

tgresaw, n, welcome 

tgresawu, v. to welcome 

tgresi, n, misery 

gresyn, n, pity; misery: a, piteous 

gresyndod, gresyni, n, misery, wretched- 
ness 

gresynol, a=gresynus 

gresynu, v, to commiserate, to pity; to 
grieve, to deplore 

gresynus, a, miserable, wretched, de- 
plorable, pitiful, piteous 

tgreu, V, to caw, to croak (crëu) 

greyenyn, pi. graean, n, grain of gravel; 
sunbeamf 

gridyll -au, n & nf, griddle 

tgr/ddfa, v & n=griddfan 

griddlan, v, to groan, to moan 

griddfan -nau, n, groan, moan 

griddfannus, a, groaning, moaning 

tgrifl -laid, n, griffin, griffon 

grifft -oedd, n, frog-spawn, tadpole 

tgrifit, tgriffwn, n, gri£5n, grifion 

tGrig, n, Greek 

grig, n, low rustle 

grigwd, V, to rustle: n, rustling 

grill, n, creak; chirp: a, creaking; 
chirping 

grill -iau, n, grill, gridiron 

grillian, v, to creak; to squeak; to chirp ; 
to crunch 

tgrilliedydd -ion, n, cricket 
209 



GRI 

grillio, V, to creak, to crash; to crunch; 

to squeak ; to chirp 
grindil, grindill, «, griddle 
gris -iau, n, step, stair 
grisial, tgrisiant, n, crystal 
grisialaidd, a, crystal, crystalline 
gro, en (gröyn, n], gravel, pebbles: nf, 

ridge of pebbles formed by the sea 
tgro, uf, meadow 
tgrod, H=grot 
Groeg, nf, the Greek language, Greek; 

Greece : a, Greek 
Groegaidd, a, Grecian, Greek 
Groegeiddio, v, to Graecize 
Groeges -au, nf, Greek woman 
Groegiad, laid, n, Greek, Grecian 
Groegwr, wyr, n, Greek, Grecian 
Groegydd -ion, n, Grecian, Greek 
groesaw, groeso, n, welcome: v, to wel- 
come, to entertain 
groesawiad -au, n, welcoming, welcome 
groesawu, v, to welcome 
tgrofft -au, n, croft, corn-patch 
tgronan, v, to groan, to moan 
gronell -au, nf, hard roe of fish 
gronellog, a, abounding with roe 
gronyn -nau, n, grain, particle, bit, 

whit, a little. Gronyn bach, a little 

bit ; a little while 
gronyniad, «, granulation 
gronynnog, gronynnol, a, granular, 

granulated 
gronynnu, v, to granulate 
grot -iau, n, groat, fourpence 
tgrowndwal, n=grwndwal 
tgrowndwalu, i;=grwndwalu 
gröyn, n, pebble, particle of gravel 
grual, n, gruel 
grualaidd, a, gruelly 
grud, n, grain of stone, grit 
grudio, V, to lay on grit 
grudiog, a, gritty 
grudd -iau, nf, cheek; slopef. ^Ceibiedig 

rudd, tilled plot 
gruddfan, v & w=griddfan 
gruddgoch, a, red-cheeked 
grug -oedd, n, heath, heather, ling 
grugiar, ieir, nf, heath-hen, moor-hen, 

grouse 
tgrugion, np (-yn, n), ants 
gruglwyn -i, «, sweet broom 
gruglys, np, heath berries 
grugo, V, to gather heather 
grugog, a, heathy, heathery 



GWA 

grugwellt, n, heath-grass 

grut, n, grit; gravel 

grutio, V, to lay on grit 

gruw, gruwlys, n, thyme 

grwgnach, v, to grumble, to murmur 

grwgnachlyd, grwgnachus, a, grumbling 

grwgnachwr, wyr, n, grumbler 

tgrwm, n, murniur; growl 

tgrwmeg -au, nf, riddle, enigma 

grwn, grynnau, n, ridge in a field 

tgrẅn, n, hum; purr; coo 

grwnan, v, to hum, to drone; to purr; 

to coo; to croon: n, hum; purring; 

cooing 
grwndi, n, purr. Canu grwndi, to purr 

(Cards.) 
tgrwndir, n, cultivated land 
tgrwndwal -au, n, foundation, mainstay 

('ground-wall ') 
+grwndwalu, v, to found 
grwnian, v, to hum, to drone; to purr; 

to coo 
tgrwnt, n, ground, foundation 
tgrwtws, n, grit, dirt 
grwys, np (-en, nf), (wild) gooseberries 
grwyswydd, np (-en, nf), gooseberry- 
trees, gooseberry-bushes 
fgrwyth, n, grudge, murmur 
tgrwytho, v, to grudge, to murmur 
tgryd -iau, n, scream; war-whoop 
tgryd -oedd, n, war, battle, conflict 
grydian, fgrydio, v, to murmur; to grunt 
tgrydwst, v, to murmur, to grumble, to 

growl : n, murmur, hubbub 
gryngian, gryngio, v, to grunt, to puxr 
grym -oedd, n. force, strength, power, 

might, energy: «t. powerful 
tgrymder, ); = grymuster 
tgrymhau, v, to strengthen; to avail 
grymial(a), v, to mutter, to murmur, to 

grumble 
grymialog, grymialus, a, grumbling, 

querulous 
grymian, v, to drone; to grunt 
tgrymiant, n, power, efficacy 
tgrymio, v, to strengthen; to avail 
grymus, a, powerful, strong, mighty 
grymuso, v, to strengthen 
grymuster, n, power, strength, might 
grymustra, n, might (Judg. vi. 14) 
grynio, v, to ridge 
tGryw, nf, Greek 
tguls, np, gules 

gwacàu, gwagio, gwagu, ;■, to empty 
210 



GWA 

gwacsaw, a, trivial, frivolous; giddy 
gwacsawrwydd, n, levity, vanity 
gwacter, n, emptiness, vacuity 
tgwacty, tai, n, vacant house 
tgwaehelog, a, cautious, wary 
jgwaohelyd, v, to avoid, to shun (go- 

chelyd) 
gwachell, gwechyll, )i/, skewer; knit- 
ting-needle 
gwachellu, v, to skewer 
gwachul, a, lean, lank; feeble, pooriy, 

(goachul) 
gwad, n, denial, disavowal 
tgwadaeth, eithi, n, spout, cock, the 

spout of a flour mill 
tgwadal, a, constant, staunch, firm 
tgwadalwch, n, constancy, staunchness 
gwadn -au, n, base, foundation; sole 
gwadnu, v, to sole; to foot it 
gwadu, V, to deny, to disown, to forsake, 

to renounce 
gwadwr, wyr, n, denier 
gwadd -od, m/, mole 
gwadd, i'=gwahodd 
tgwaddeg -au, »/, spout; scuttle 
gwaildn ;j=gwadn {archaic and dial.) 
gwaddod -ion, n, sediment, lees, dregs 
gwaddodi, v, to deposit sediment 
gwaddodlyd, a, feculent, dreggy 
gwaddol -ion -iadau, «, endowment; 

dowry 
gwaddoli, V, to dower, to endow 
gwaddoliad -au, n, endowing, endowment 
gwaddolog, a, endowed, dowered. Bren- 

hmes waddolog, queen dowager 
gwaddotwr, gwaddwr, wyr, n, mole- 
catcher 
gwae -au, n & nf, woe 
gwaed au, n, blood, gore. Gwaed cyn 
deiwad, embryo. Cunad y gwaed, 
pulse. Maes y Gwaed, field of blood, 
battle-field (poet, and rhet.) 
gwaedboer, n, blood-spitting 
tgwaedfîreu, nf, bloodshed 
gwaedgi, gwn, n, bloodhound 
gwaedgoeh, a, blood-red 
gwaedgoll, n, bloodshed 
gwaediad, n, bleeding, phlebotomy 
tgwaedlad, a, scattering blood 
tgwaedlan, nf, place of blood 
gwaedlestr -i, n, blood-vessel 
gwae.dlif, tgwaedling -oedd, n, haemor- 
rhage, dysentery, issue of blood 
gwaedlin, ;i=gwaedling 



G\VA_ 

tgwaedlin, nf, line of blood 
tgwaedlun, «, aspect of blood 
gwaedlyd, a, bloody, sanguinary; cruel; 

bloodthirsty 
tgwaedlydu, v, to stain with blood 
gwaedlys, n, bloodwort; taotgrass 
gwaedog, a, full-blooded, sanguine 
gwaedogaeth, nf, sanguineness 
gwaedogen, nf, black puddmg 
gwaedol, a, ot blood, sanguineous 
gwaedoliaeth, nf, (kindred by) blood, 

consanguinity 
tgwaedraith, n, the judgment of blood 
gwaedrawd, n, course of blood 
gwaedrudd, a, blood-red, crimson 
tgwaedryar, n, river of blood 
gwaedu, v, to bleed, to let blood 
gwaedwr, wyr, n, bleeder, blood-letter 
gwaedwyllt, a, hot-blooded, passionate 
tgwaedwythen -nau, nf, blood-vessel 
gwaedd, nf, cry, shout 
tgwaeddfan, «, loud, noisy 
gwaeddfawr, a, crying, heinous 
gwaeddi, v, =gweiddi 
tgwaeddolef -au, nf, cry of woe 
tgwäeg -au, nf, buokle, clasp 
tgwaegu, V, to clasp, to buckle 
gwael, a, poor, low, base, vile, poorly, 

ill 
gwaelbeth -au, n, trifle, bauble 
gwaelder, gwaeldra,n, poorness, vileness; 

misery, wretchedness 
gwaelddyn -ion, n, wretch 
gwaeledd -au, n, illness, infirmity; ' low 

estate ' (Luke i. 48) 
tgwaeleddog, a, wretched, miserable 
gwaelni, ii = gwaelder 
gwaelod -ion, n, bottom, base; dregs, 
bottoms, lees. Gwaelod givlad, low- 
lands, gwaelodion, sediment 
gwaelodi, v, to bottom, to settle, to 

produce dregs, to deposit sediment 
gwaelu, V, to sicken, to become dis- 
eased 
tgwaelyd, a, woeful 

gwaell, gweill, nf, skewer, broach; rod; 
knitting-needle; pin; spmdle ; lance. 
■fGwael! neidr, dragon-fly. Gwaell 
ysgwydd, collar-bone. Yn weill, in 
splinters 
gwaëllu, V, to skewer, to broach 
gwaered -ydd, n, descent, slope, bottom. 

/ waercd, down 
tgwaes -ydd, n, pledge; deposit 



GWA 

tgwaesaf -oedd, n, pledge, surety; de- 
posit ; warrant ; deposition 
tgwaesafol, a, deponent 
tgwaesaf u, v, to pledge; to insure 
tgwaesafwr, wyr, n, pledger; deponent 
tgwaesu, V, to pledge ; to deposit ; to pawn 
gwaeth, a, worse (comp. of drwg) 
gwaeth, c, because, for (S.W.) 
gwaethaf, a, worst. Cwaethaf y modd, 
niore's the pity; worse luck. Er ei 
tfaetlinl, in spite of him 
gwaethafydd -ion, n, pessimist 
gwaethafyddiaeth, nf, pessimism 
gwaethafyddol, a, pessimistic 
gwaetheroedd, tgwaetbiroedtl, t, alas. 
^Gwaethiroedd duw, woe worth the 
• day 

tgwaethl, ;;, strife, contention 
gwaethu, gwaethàu, t; = gwaethygu 
gwaethwaeth, ad, worse and worse 

(Mark V. 26) 
gwaethygiad, n, worsening, deterioration 
gwaethygu, gwaethu, v, to make or be- 
come worse, to worsen; to deteriorate 
gwaew, etc. See gwayw 
gwag, /'/. gweigion, a, empty, vacant, 

vain: n, void, vacuum 
gwagedd -an, n, emptiness; vanity 
gwageddu, v, to act vainly, to trifle 
gwageddus, tgwageddol, a, vain 
gwagelog, a, circumspect, cautious, wary 

(gogelog) 
tgwagelus, a= gwagelog 
tgwagelyd, v, to sliun, to avoid=goglyd 
gwagen -i, nf, waggon, wain 
gwagenwr, wyr, n, waggoner 
gwagfa, feydd, ;;/, vacuum 
gwagio, V, to empty 
gwaglais, leisiau, «, hollow voice 
gwaglaw, a, empty-handed 
gwagle -oedd, n, empty place, space, 

void (Job xxvi. 7) 
gwaglog, rt, unsteady, waggling 
gwaglwyf, en, (-en, nf), the linden 
gwagnod -au, n, cipher, nought, o. zero 
gwag-ogoneddus, a, vainglorious 
gwag-ogoniant, );, vainglory 
gwag-orchest -ion, nf, vain boast; futile 

ingenuity 
gwag-orfoledd, n, vain triumph, vain- 
glory, boasting 
gwagr, gogr -au, «, sieve, riddle 
gwagraid, eidiau, n, sieveful . 
gwagrwr, wyr, »;, sieve-maker 



GWA 

gwagsaw, a. See gwacsaw 

gwagu, V, to empty 

tgwagwybr, nf, empty space, void 

gwag-ymffrost, n, vain boast, rodo- 
montade, swagger, brag 

gwag-ymgais, n, vain attempt 

gwangen, gwangod, ;;/, the shad fish 

gwangiad, iaid, ;;, the sewin ilsli 

gwahân, 7;, separation; difference: a, 
separate, distinct. Ar ica'hàn, separ- 
ately, apart, bv themselves 

gwahanedig, a, divided, separated, 
separate; cloven (Acts ii. 3) 

tgwahanfod -au, n, individual 

tgwahanfodedd, n, individuality 

tgwahanfodol, a, individual 

tgwahanfifordd, nf, by-road 

tgwahanglaf, a, leprous, gwahangleiflün, 
lepers 

gwahanglwyf, n, leprosy 

gwahanglwyfo, v, to become leprous 

gwahanglwyfol, a, leprous (Ex. iv. 6) 

gwahanglwyfus, a, leprous: n, leper 

gwahaniad -au, n, dividing, separating; 
division, separation (Heb. iv. 12) 

gwahaniaeth -au, n, difference, distinc- 
tion; discrepancy; separation (Lev. 
xii. 2, 5) 

gwahaniaethol, a, distinctive, distin- 
guishing 

gwahaniaethu, v, to differ; to dis- 
tinguish; to discriminate 

gwahanlen -ni, nf, veil of the temple 
(E.x. xxvi. 31) 

gwahannod -au, n & h/, semicolon (;) 

gwahanol, a, different, various 

fgwahanol, a, leprous. Y clwyf gwa- 
hanol, leprosy (Lev. xiii. 2). Cleifion 
gwahanol, lepers (Matt. xi. 5) 

tgwahanred -ion, nf, difference, dis- 
tinction, discrimination 

tgwahanredol, a, difíerent, distinct, dis- 
tinctive; apart, separate; diverse; 
particular; special; peculiar, proper 

tgwahanredu, v, to distinguish, to dis- 
criminate 

gwahanu, v, to divide, to part, to 
separate; to differ, to distinguish, to 
discriminate 

gwahanydd -ion, n, separator 

gwahardd, v, to prohibit, to forbid, to 
interdict : -oe . d -on, n= gwaharddiad 

gwabarddeb -ion, nf, injunction 

gwaharddedig, a, forbidden 



C.W A 

-f g wabarddedigaeth -au, n/= g waharddiad 
gwaharddiad -au, n, prohibition, veto, 

interdict 
gwaharddol, a, prohibitory 
gwahell, gwehyll, n, needle, skewer. 
Gwahell ysgwydd, collar-bone. See 

gwaell 
tgwahennu, tgwehynnu, v, to pour out, 

to empty; to draw water 
tgwahennydd, enyddion, n, pourer 
gwahodd, v, to invite, to bid 
gwahodd -ion, n, bidding, invitation 
gwahoddedigion, np, guests 
gwahoddgar, a, inviting; hospitable! 
gwahoddiad -au, n, invitation 
gwahoddus, a, inviting 
gwahoddwr, wyr, n, inviter; host; guest 
gwain, gweiniau, «/, sheath, scabbard 
gwair, gweiriau, n, hay 
tgwaisg, a, brisk, lively: n, briskness, 

vigour 
gwaith, gweithiau, n, act, action; work, 

works; cause, account; battlef; ap- 

pearancef, aspectf. Dydd gwaith, 

week-day. Noson waith, week-night. 

waith hwn a hwn, by so and so. 

O'i icaith ei hun, of itself, of its own 

accord, gweithiau, gweithydd, works, 

manufactories ; industrial districts 
gwaith, gweithiau, ;i/, course, turn, 

time 
gwaith, f, berause, for, since (S.W.) 
gwâl, gwalau, nf, couch, bed; lair. 

C,u;di y^grfaviiog, hare's form 
gwal -iau, gwélydd, «/, wall, rampart 
gwala, ;;/, fullne'^s, sufliciency, enough, 

plenty 
tgwalabr -au, lii, image, reflection 
tgwaladr, gwelydr, n, leader, lord, ruler, 

sovereign 
tgwalaeth, n grief, sorrov»' = alaeth 
gwalap, gwalop, n, gallop 
tgwalas -au, »/, couch; low land 
gwalbant ;;, top of wall of building 

where the beams rest. See bach 
gwalc -iau, nf, turn up ; fence work; 

battlement, parapet, rail; cock of a 

hat ; crest ; hair, mane 
gwalcio, V, to turn up, to cock 
gwalciog, n, turned >ip, cocked; embat- 
tled 
gwalch, gweilch, n, hawk, falcon; herof; 

fellowf ; rogue, rascal 
gwalehes -au, nf, female hawk 



GWA 

tgwalchlan, nf, battle-field 
gwalchwr, wyr, n, falconer 
gwalcliwriaeth, gwalchyddiaeth, n/, 

falconry 
gwald -iau, n, hem; welt 
gwaldas -au, nf, welt 
tgwaldon -au, nf, raised bank 
tgwaldu, V, to welt, to hem 
gwaled -au, nf, wallet 
tgwales -au, nf, couch; region 
gwalfa, fâu, feydd, nf, layer, stratum; 

lair 
tg waling -au, «, litter, brood 
gwalio, V, to wall, to fence 
gwaliwr, wyr, n, waller, wall-builder 
tgwalstawd, n, interpreter 
gwalteisio, v, to welt 
gwaltes, eisiau, nf, welt of a shoe 
tgwaly, ;!= gwala 
tgwalyaid, <;, fill, full (from gwaly) 
gwall -au, n, defect, want, lack; mistake, 

error; neglectf, negligencet 
tgwallaw, V, to draw, to pour out, to 

serve 
tgwallawd, nf, lapse, slip 
tgwallawr, wyr, w=gwalloriad 
tgwallfawr, a, needy; insatiable 
gwallgof, a, mad, distracted, insane, 

deranged r ;;+, madness 
gwaUgofdy, dai, n, madhouse, lunatic 

asylum, mental liospital 
gwallgofddyn, n, madman 
gwallgofl, V, to go mad, to madden 
gwallgofiaid, np, madmen, lunatics, 

maniacs 
gwallgofrwydd, n, madness, insanity, 

lunacy, mania 
gwallgofus, a, mad, insane (Prov. xxvi. 

i8) 
tgwallio, V, to corrupt, to defile 
tçwalloeàu, v, to f.ail, to neglect 
tgwallofain, n, penury, want 
tgwallofi, V, to pour out 
tgwallofiad, iaid, n, tapster, dispenser, 

butler 
tgwallog, a, defective, faulty 
tgwallogair, n, error in pleading 
gwallt -iau, n & en, hair of the head. 

Gwalli Gwener, — r forwyn, maiden- 
hair 
gwalltach, gwalltiach, en, hair refuse, 

hairs, hair 
gwalltgoch, a, red-haired 
gwalltlaes, a, long-haired (i Cor. xi. 14) 

213 



^(^C u^'JOìaAJ^ 



GWA 
gwalltog, a, having hair, hairy 
Swallus, a, negligentt ; faulty, defective; 

erroneous; inaccurate, incorrect 
tgwalluso, V, to neglect, to disregard 
tgwallygfa, feydd, ni, imperfection 
tgwallygio, V, to fail, to neglect; to 

despise; to deny 
gwamal, a, wavering, fickle, unstable; 

light (Judges ix. 4); wanton (Isa. iii 

16); capricious; frivolous 
gwamalio, gwamalu, v, to waver, to 

vacillate; to beliave frivolously 
gwamaliwr, wyr, n, fribble, trifler 
gwamalrwydd, gwamaldra, «, incon- 
stancy, fickleness, instability, cap- 

ririousness, frivolity, levity 
gwân, gwanau, n, thrust, stab, prick. 

^GivJn gwth troed, kick 
tgwân, V, to thrust, to push, to shove, 

to stick 
tgwân, n= gwahân 
gwan, pi. gweiniaid, gweinion, a, weak, 

feeble, faint: n, weak person, weak- 
ling. G'.as gwan, pale blue 
gwanaf -au, nf, layer, stratum; row; 

swatli 
gwanatu, i', to place in swathes 
tgwanar, n, leader, lord, sovereign: a, 

leading; forward 
tg wanas -au, m/, j ut ; prop ; wedge ; shank, 

shaft; clasp; hook, peg; headland 
tgwanasu, v, to prop; to clasp 
gwanc, n, greed, voracity, greediness, 

rapacity, avidity 
gwanci, own, n, glutton [gwanc -\-ci) 
gwancio, V, to gorge, to glut 
gwancus, «, greedy, voracious, rapacious 
gwancusrwydd, 1;, voraciousness 
tgwander, n, weakness, feebleness 
tgwanecnaid, nf, surge of wave 
tgwaneg, n, form, aspect, manner 
gwaneg -au, gwenyg, nf, wave, billow 
tgwanegiad, n, waving, rippling 
gwanegu, v, to billow, to surge, to flow, 

to gush ; to wave, to ripple 
gwangalon, a, faint-hearted; timid 
gwangalondid, n, faint-heartednes? 
gwangalonni, v, to become faint-hearted 
gwangred, nf, weak faith, difiBdence; 

false faitht, misbelief! 
gwanhad, n, weakening 
gwanhaol, a, weakening, debilitating 
gwanhau, v, to weaken, to enfeeble 
gwaniad -au, n, stab, thrust 



GW'^A 

gwanllyd, gwannaidd, a, weakly, sickly, 
delicate, feeble 

gwanobaith, n, despondency, despair; 
diffidence 

gwanobeithio, v, to despond, to despair; 
to distrust, to mistrust 

tgwanrwydd, n, weakness, feebleness 

gwant -au, n, butt, mark; break, 
caesura; the former of two rhyming 
syllables in the first line of an englyn 
when composed of cynghanedd sain, 
the second being the rhagwant 

gwantan, gwantam, n, fickle; wanton; 
poor, feeble 

gwanu, V, to pierce, to thrust, to stab; 
to goref 

gwanwyn, n, the spring 

gwanwynol, a, spring, vernal 

gwanychiad, «, weakening, enfeeble- 
ment 

gwanychu, r, to weaken, to enfeeble 

tgwanymddiried, v, to mistrust, to dis- 
trust: n, mistrust, distrust, diffid- 
ence 

gwâr, a, tame, gentle, meek 

gwar -rau, uf, (the nape of the) neck; 
(upper part of) back 

tgwaradred, ii=gwaredred 

gwaradwydd -iadau, «, reproach; shame, 
disgrace, ignominy 

gwaradwyddiad -au, n, reproaching, re- 
proach 

gwaradwyddo, v, to reproach; to dis- 
grace, to put to shame; to revile, to 
slander; to insult; to confound 

gwaradwyddus, a, scandalous, disgrace- 
ful, shameful, ignominious 

gwaradwydd wr, wyr, n, reproacher, 
reviler, slanderer 

tgwarae, v & ' =chwarae 

gwarafun, v, to grudge; to refuse; to for- 
bid, to prohibit 

tgwaraffon -nau, n/= gwarflon 

gwaraidd, a. civilized, ^< ntle 

tgwarandaw, v= gwrandaw. ^-Gimran- 
daw arogleu, to smell a smell 

tgwarannu, v, to warrant 

tgwaranred -ion, nf, guarantee 

tgwaranredu, v, to guarantee 

gwarant -au, nf, authority, security, 
warrant 

tgwaran(t)rwydd, n, warrant, security 

gwarantu, v, to guarantee, to warrant, 
to secure 



gwarantwr, wyr, gwarantydd -ion, n, tgwaredig, tgwaredog, a, healing, re- 
guarantor medial, efficacious 
gwarbin -nau, n, axle-pin, linch-pin ; gwaredlgaeth -au, nf, deliverance, rid- 
bow-pin of a yoke dance; escape; salvation, preserva- 
gwarchad(w), v, to keep, to guard, to tion, redemption 

ward gwaredigion, np, the redeemed or ran- 

tgwarchad-dduw -iau, n, tutelary deity somed 

tgwarchadwedigaeth, nf, keeping gwaredigol, a, redemptory; redeemed 

gwarchae, v, to shut up, to close; to gwaredol, a, redeeming, saving; saved, 

hem in; to impound; to besiege: redeemed (Isa. xxxv. 9) 

-oedd, n, siege fgwaredred, a, of downward descent, 

gwarchaeëdig, a, confined, besieged humble 

tgwarchaeedigaeth, nf, investment, siege gwaredu, v, to save, to deliver, to 

tgwarchan -au, H/ = gorchan redeem; to get rid of, to do away with 

tgwarchàu, î;= gwarchae gwaredwr, wyr, gwaredydd -ion, n, 

tgwarchawd, r, metathesis of gwarchadw saviour, redeemer, deliverer. Y 

tgwarehawdwr, wyr, » = gwarchodwr Gwaredwr, the Saviour 

gwarchdwr, dyrau, n, watch-tower, gwaredd, w, mildness, gentleness 

mount (Isa. xxix. 3) fgwareddog, a, mild, gentle, meek, sub- 

gwarcheidlol, a, guardian, tutelary missive 

gwarcheidwad, aid, n, guardian, keeper fgwareddogrwydd, n, mildness, gentle- 

gwarcheidwadaeth, nf, guardianship ness, meekness 

gwarchglawdd, gloddiau, n, entrench- gwareiddiad, u, civilization 

ment; ' bulwarlvs' (Deut. xx. 20) gwareiddiedig, a, civilized 

gwarchlys -iau, n, castor oil plant gwareiddio, v, to tame; to civilize 

gwarchod, v, to look after, to mind, to gwarsiddiol, a, civilizing 

guard, to ward, to keep. Gwarchod fgwareu, v & H=gwarae 

gartref, to stay at home (Tit. ii. 5) : fgwarffon -nau, nf, stroke, stripe 

n, ward gwargaled, a, stiffnecked, obstinate, 

gwarchodaeth, nl, ward, custody stubborn 

gwarchodlu -oedd, n, body-guard, garri- gwargaledu, v, to be or become stiff- 
son necked 
gwarchodwr, wyr, n, one who guards, gwargaledwch, n, stubbornness 
warder, keeper; guardian; warden, gwargam, a, stooping 
conservator gwargamu, v, to stoop 
gward -iau, n, ward; guard: nf, ward gwarged -ion, nf, remainder, surplus, 

(municipal) leavings (S.W.) 

gwardeiniaeth -au, nf, wardenship gwargemi, n. stoop in the back 

gwarden, deiniaid, n, guardian, warden gwargilio, v, to recede, to retreat 

gwarder, n, tameness, mildness, gentle- gwargrwm, a, round-shouldered, stoop- 

ness, tenderness, meekness ing 

tgwardio, v, to guard tgwargrwth, a, hunch-backed 

gwardrob, nf, wardrobe gwargrymu, v, to stoop 

gwardd, y= gwahardd gwargul, s, thin, lean < 

gwarddrws, ddrysau, «:=gorddrws gwarineb, n, gentleness 

tgware, zi==gwarae & chwarae gwario, v, to expend, to spend, to dis- 

gwared, v, to rid, to deliver, to redeem burse 

gwared -ion, n, release, riddance, de- gwario, v, to stoop 

liverance, redemption; remedy; after- gwariwr, wyr, n, spender 

birth. Gael gwared, to get rid gwarlen -ni, nf, shawl 

gwared, gwaered, n, descent, slope, bot- tgwarllost -au, nf, the bar part of a yoke 

tom. / xvared = i waered (i Esd. i. 29) gwaroden, n/, rod, switch 

gwarediad, n, delivering, redeeming, de- gwarogaeth, nf, homage, deference 

liverance tgwarogaeth, nf, subjugation 

215 



OWA GWA 



gwarogi, V, to do homage gwasanaethddyn -ion, n, servant-man 

tgwarogi, î^, to subjugate man-servant 

gwarro, v, to stoop (S.W.) gwasanaethferch.M/, maidservant, hand 

gwarrog, a, stooping maid{en), bondmaid 

gwarrog, gwarogau, n, yoke gwasanaethgar, a, serviceable; useful 

tgwarrwg, ygau, n, stoop, bend helpful; obHging; ministering (Heb 

fgwarry, «, bow of yoke i. 14) 

tgwarsangu, v, to trample gwasanaethgarwch, n, serviceableness: 

gwarsyth, a, stiffnecked, stul)lM,rii obligingness 

gwarsythni, n, stubbornness gwasanaethol, a, ministering 

tgwart, n, ward, prison gwasanaethu, v, to serve, to minister 

gwarth, n, shame, disgrace, reproach t'^ be in service 

tgwarthâd, tg'Varthaed, n, injury, wrong gwasanaethwr, wyr, ;i, servant, servant 

gwarthaf -ion, n, top, height, summit. man, manservant 

Dyfod ar ivarthaf, to come upon, to gwasanaethwraig, wragedd, n/, maid 

assail servant 

tgwarthafdy, dai, n, vestibtile, ante- gwasanaethydd -ion, n, servant, man 

chamber servant, assistant 

gwarthafl, gwarthol, aflau, «/, stirrup gwasanaethyddes -au, nf, handmaid (en) 

gwarthaflu, v, to put on stirrups maidservant 

■j-gwarthal, fgwarthol, n, exchange tgwasant -au, n, ministration 

tgwarthan, //, covert, shelter gwasarn -au, n, litter; booty (Hab. 11. 7) 

tgwarthàu, v, to asperse, to reproach, gwasarnu, v, to strew, to litter 

to shame, to disgrace (Ps. xxxv. 4) gwaseidd-dra, n, servility 

gwartheg, np, cows, cattle tgwasel, n, aim, target 

gwarthegydd -ion, », cattle-dealer; cow- fgw^^sel, nf. See gwasael 

man; plunderer of cattlef gwasg -oedd -au, gweisg, nf, press 

gwarthle -oedd, n, pudenda {Isa. iii. 17) pressure : n, waist; bodice 

tgwarthlef -au, nf, calumny gwasgar -ion, .j, dispersion : a, scat 

gwarthnod -au, n, stigma tered Ar wasear, s attered abroad 

gwarthnodi, v, to stigmatize dispersed: v. See gwasgaru 

gwarthol -ion, riflau, nt, stirrup gwasgaredig, a, scattered, gwasgaredig 

tgwarthor -ion, quadrature, quarter ion, scattered ones, 'outcasts' (Ps 

gwarthrudd -iau, n, shame, disgrace, cxlvii. 2) 

opprobrium, contumely gwasgarfa -oedd, nf, dispersion 

gwarthruddo, v, to disgrace, to cover gwasgariad, n, scattering, dispersion 

with shame spread, diffusion, dissemination 

gwarthruddwr, wyr, n, reproacher, re- gwasgarog.a, scattered; diffuse; divided 

viler gwasgarol. a, scattering 

gwaithus, a, shameful, disgraceful gwasgaru, gwasgar, v, to scatter, to dis- 

gwarwch, n, gentleness perse ; to spread, to diffuse, to dis- 

tgwarwy -on, n, pleasure; play seminate 

tgwarwyfa, nf, (place for) play gwasgarwr, wyr, n, scatterer; spreader 

tgwary, v & )! = chwarae gwasgedig, a, pressed, sciueezed, 

tgwaryydd -ion, n, juggler crushed. Amgylchiadau gwasgedig, 

gwas, gweision, fgweis, «, lad, youth; straitened circumstances 

servant. Gwas y dryw, titmouse, gwasgfa, fâu, feydd, feuon, nf, pressure; 

Gwas y gog, meadow pipit. Gwas pang; tit; distress; squeeze, tight 

y neidr, dragon-fly. Gwas ystafell, place 

chamberlain. ) r hen was, the devil gwasgod -au, nf, waistcoat 

tgwas, nf, abode, habitation, dwelling tgwasgod -iau -ion, n, shade, shadow; 

tgwasael, tgwasel. tgwasal, nf, wassail shelter, covert; mask 

gwasaidd, a, servile tgwasgodta -on, nf, covert; bower 

gwasanaeth -au, n, service, use tgwasgodi, v, to shelter, to sh.nde 

216 



GWA 

tgwasgodlen -ni, /;/, awning 

tgwasgodog, tgwasgodig, a, sheltered 

tgwasgodol, a, sheltered, shady 

tgwasgodwydd, », hedge, screen, shelter; 
bower, arbour 

tgwasgodydd -ion, n, protector, de- 
fender 

gwasgrwym -au, ", bandage, gwasg- 
rwymau, stavs 

gwasgu, I', to press, to squeeze, to crush ; 
to wrint; (clothesl ; to urge 

tgwasgwyn, n, (jasconv; a kind oi cloth ; 
Cjascou horse; gasconade 

tgwasgwyniarch, feirch, n, C.ascon horse 

gwasio, f, to serve 

gwasnaethu, etc.= gwasanaethu, etc. 

gwasod, a, in heat (of a cow) 

tgwasog, n, servile person 

gwast, n, waste 

gwastad, a, level, even, flat, plain, 
smooth; steady; constant; steadfast; 
equable. Yn wastad, always, for ever, 
constantly, continually 

gwastad -oedd, «, level, plain 

gwastadedd -au, «, plain 

tgwastadfilch, a, spirited but docile 

tgwastadfod, n, stability, repose, quiet 
(Ap. Esth. xiii. 5) 

tgwastadliad, n, settlement, establish- 
ment 

tgwastadlu, r, to settle, to establish 

gwastadol, a, continual, perpetual, con- 
stant. Yn wastadol, continuaUy, 
always 

gwastadradd, nf, the equative degree 

gwastadrwydd, n, evenness; constancy; 
steadfastness: equabihty, tranquiUity; 
stttlt-d rulet, governmentt tequity 

gwastadu, v, to level, to settle 

gwastata, gwastatáu, v, to make level or 
e\en; to level, to sm.ooth; to settle; 
to reduce to submission, to subdue; 
to remain constantt, to abide stead- 
fast! 

gwastatawr, wyr, n, leveller 

gwastatir, n, level ground, plain 

gwastatwr, wyr, n, leveller 

gwastio, V, to waste 

gwastiwr, wyr, n, waster 

gwastod, a & m= gwastad 

gwastrafl -ion, w, waste, extravagance, 
prodigality 

gwastrafiQyd, v, wasteful, extravagant 

gwastraffu, v, to squander, to waste 



GWA 

gwastraffus, a, wasteful, extravagant 
gwastrafîwr, wyr, n, waster, spendthrift 
gwastrawd, trodion, n, gniom, ostler, 
equerry. "^ Gwastrawd afivyn, foot- 
man, page, postilion 
gwastrodaeth, v, to discipline, to master 
gwastrodi, v, to (serN-e as a) groom; to 

discipline 
gwatwar, v, to mock, to scoff, to deride, 
to ridicule, to mimic: -au, n, mock, 
mockery, jest, ridicule, scorn, de- 
rision 
tgwatwaredigaeth, nf, derision 
gwatwareg, n/, sarcasm, satire, irony 
tgwatwargar, a, derisive, sarcastic 
gwatwargerdd -i, nf, song of derision ; 

laughing-stock ; satire, lampoon 
gwatwariaith, nf, irony 
gwatwaru, v= gwatwar 
gwatwarus, a, mocking, scofSng, sar- 
castic, derisive, ironical 
gwatwarwr, wyr, n, mocker, scofier ; 

satirist 
gwatwor, &c.=^ gwatwar 
gwau, V, to weave; to knit: gweuoedd, 

n, weaving; knitting 
gwaudd, gweuddau, nf, daughter-in-law 
gwaun, gweunydd, nf, plain, meadow, 

moorland field, moor, down 
gwawch iau, nf, loud scream, yell 
gwawchio, V, to scream, to yell 
gwawd -iau, n & j./t, songt. poesyf; 
satire; scoff, sneer, mockery, scorn, 
derision, ridicule 
gwawdiaeth, nf, ridicule 
gwawdio, V, to jeer, to sneer at, to scoff, 
to mock, to deride, to ridicule, to 
satirize 
gwawdiwr, wyr, m, mocker, scoffer 
gwawdlyd, gwawdus, a, jeering, satir- 
ical, ironical, mocking, scornful, sneer- 
ing, derisive 
gwawdlym, a, caustic 
gwawdodyn, n, metre so called 
gwawdus, i7. Sie gwawdlyd 
gwawdydd -ion, n, poett ; scoffer 

(gwawdiwr) 
tgwawdd, t)=gwahodd 
gwawl, n, light 
"l-gwawl, nf, wall 

gwawlarluniaeth, nf, photography 
gwawlarlunydd -ion, wyr, n, photo- 
grapher 
gwawl-lun -iau, 'i, photograph 
217 



Iì.^JjUJì^^'^^^^ C^a-^^Ŷ*^'^**^ • 



GWA 



GWE 



gwawn, n, gossamer 

tgwawr, n, hero, worthy, lcrd 

f wawr -oedd, nf, dawn, day-break ; hue, 

tint, tinge, nuance 
gwawrddydd, nf, dawn (poet.) 
gwawriad -au, n, dawning 
gwawrio, V, to dawn 
gwawrwen, nf, fair or bright dawn 

(poet.) 
gwayw, pi. gwewyr, tgwaywor, tgwayw- 

awr, fgwaywyr, nf, spear, lance : n, 

pang, pain, spasm, agony, stitch 
tgwaywdwn, a, broken-speared 
gwaywflon, flyn, nf, spear, lance, 

javelin 
tgwaywr, wyr, n, spearman, lancer 
gwden -ni, gwdyn, nf, withe; coil; noose 

(Judg. xvi. 7). Gwden y coed, wood- 
bine, bindweed 
gwdennu, v, to twist, to twine 
gwdihŵ, n. owl (S.W.) 
gwddf, gyddfau, n, neck, throat 
gwddi(f), H, hedging-bill (gwyddyf) 
gwddw(N.W.),gwddwg (S.W.),n= gwddf 
gwe -oedd, nf, web, web of cloth ; 

texture 
gwead, n, weaving; knitting; texture 
tgweadur -iaid, tgweawdr, odron, n, 

weaver 
tgweb -au, ni, face, visage = gwep 
tgwecry, a, vapid, feeble, flimsy: n, 

frailty 
gwech, a, fem. of gwych 
gwedi, wedi, pr, after, later than: ad, 

after, afterwards. Wedi myned, gone. 

Mae wedi bod, has been 
gwedn, a, fem. of gwydn 
tgwedresi, nf, lizard 
tgwedrod, np, wethers 
gwedwst, a, silent, taciturn (S.W.) 
tgwedyd, v, to say, to speaks- dy- 

wedyd, gweyd 
tgwedydd, n, speaker 
gwedyn, wedyn, ad, afterwards 
gwedd -au, nf, aspect, form; appearance, 

complexion; mode, manner. -^Heb 

wedd, exceedingly. Pa wedd ? in 

what manner ? how ? 
gwedd -oedd, nf, yoke; team 
gweddaidd, a, seemly, orderly, appro- 
priate, suitable, decent, becommg, 

decorous; comely, handsome 
tgweddawl, a, humble, submissive 
g werideidd-dra, n, seemliness, orderliness, 



propriety, decency, decorum; modera- 
tion ; comeliness, handsomeness 
gweddeiddio, v, to make decent, to trim 
tgweddeiddlwys, a, comely, beautiful 

(Esth. ii. 7) 
gwedder, pi. gweddrod, n, wether 
gwedrigar,rt, wen-nourished, plump, sleek 
gweddi, lau, nf, prayer, supplication 
tgweddig, a, seemly, decent 
gweddigar, a, prayerful 
gweddill, n, spare, remnant; remamder, 
rest gweddillion, remains, leavings 
gweddillio, V, to leave spare, to leave a 

remnant 
gweddio, V, to pray, to supplicate, to 

entreat; to worship!, to adoref 
gweddîwr, iwyr, n, supplicator, sup- 
pliant, petitioner, pray-er 
gweddlys -iau, n, woad 
tgweddog, a, yoked, coupled, wedded 
gweddol, a, fair, moderate, middling, 

tolerable; pretty well 
gweddu, V, to become, to suit, to befit 
tgweddu, V, to do homage, to submit 
gweddu, V, to contain or be contained in 
gweddus,iJ, proper, decent, seemly, fitting 
gwedduso, v, to render decent or fit 
gweddustra, n, decency, propriety 
gweddw, a, single; widow; widowed; 
solitary, desolate, deserted. Gŵr 
gweddw, widower. Gwraig weddw, 
widow. Merch weddw, unmarried 
woman, spinster. Hen ferch weddw, 
old maid. Mab gweddw, bachelor, 
single man. ■\Maneg weddw, odd 
glove. '\Ych gweddw, ox deprived of 
a fellow 
gweddw -on, nf, widow 
gweddwdai, np, ' desolate houses ' (Isa. 

xiii. 22) 
gwedd(w)dod, n, widowhood; celibacyt 
gweddwi, V, to widow 
tgwefelu, V, to border 
gwefl -au, nf, lip (chiefly of animals) 
gweflgamu, v, to grimace 
gweflo, V, to blubber, to pout 
gweflog, (!, blubber-hpped, thick-lipped 
gwefr -au, n, amber; electron; elec- 
tricity; tlirill 
gwefraidd, gwefrol, a, of the nature of 

amber; electric 
gwefreiddio. 7;, to electrify, to thrill 
gwefreiddiol, a, electrifying, thrilling 
tgwefr-hysbysai, n, electric telegraph 
ii8 



GW E 

gwefrio, V, to electrify, to galvanize 

gwefus -au -f-eáâ, nf (the human) lip 

gwefusog, a, labiated 

gwefusol, a, of the lip, labial, gwefus- 
olion, labials 

gwegi, n. vanitv, levity 

gwegian, v, to sway, to totter, to rock 

gwegil -au -iau, n, the nape of the neck; 
back 

tgwegilsyth, a, stiffnecked 

gwegio, V, to sway, to totter, to rock 

gweglyd, a, tottering, feeble 

tgweglyd, j;=goglyd 

gwengyn, n, the sewin fish 

tgweheleith, M=gwehelyth 

gwehelyth, n & nf, lineage; pedigree, 
genealogy, ancestry, stock; tribe: af» 
rightful, lawful 

gwehilio, V, to yield refuse 

gwehilion, up, refuse, dregs, trash, out- 
casts, riff-raff. CiL'ehilion y bobl, 
— cymdeithas, refuse of society, mob, 
rabble, lowest of the people (i Kings 
xiii. 33) 

gwehilioni, v, to yield refuse 

gwehydd -ion, n, wea\'er 

tgwehyn, a, pouring, shedding, drawing 

tgwehynnu, v, to effuse, to pour; to 
empty; to draw 

tgwehynnwr, ynwyr, fgwehynnydd, yn- 
yddion, n, drawer, pourer (Jos. ix. 27) 

gweiddi, V, to cry, to shout, to call 

tgweilchydd -ion, n, falconer 

tgweilgi, nf, sea, ocean, food 

tgweilging -oedd, n, beam, bar, perch 

gweiii, n, spare, surplusage; vacancy: 
a, empty, spare, extra, idle 

tgweilig, n, wine-press 

tgweiling, n, pale brass, brass 

tgweilw, n, spare, surplus 

tgweilydd -ion, n, freeman ; man of 
leisure: o, idle; empty; desolate 

tgweinaint, np, weak ones (from gwan. 
Cf, meddwaint) 

gweini, V, to serve, to minister, to at- 
tend; to be in serx'ice 

gweini, n, service, servitude 

tgweiniad, n, attendant, servitor 

tgweiniant, n, ministration 

tgweinid, v & m= gweini 

gweinidog -ion, n, minister; servant 

gweinidogaeth -au, nf, ministry, service 

gweinidogaethol, a, ministerial 

gweini'Jogaethu, v, to mmister 



GWE 

gweinidoges -au, nf, ministress; maid- 
servant; minister's wife; deaconess 
(Rom. xvi. i) 

tgweinidogi, v, to minister 

gweinidogol, a, ministerial 

tgweiniedydd -ion, n, ministrant, ser- 
vitor 

gweinio, V, to sheathe 

gweinydd -ion, n, attendant, servitor 

gweinyddes -au, nf, female attendant, 
waitress ; (sick) nurse 

gweinyddiad, n, administering, adminis- 
tration 

gweinyddiaeth -au, nf, administration; 
ministry (pari.) 

gweinyddol, a, administrative, executive 

gweinyddu, v, to minister; to officiate; 
to administer 

gweirdir -oedd, n, hay land 

tgweirglod -au, «/= gweirglodd 

gweirglodd -iau, nf, hay-field, meadow 

gweirglodd-dir, n, meadow-land 

tgweirlawd, lodydd, nf, meadow 

gweiryn, n, blade of hay 

tgweis, i:p, youths, servants: s. gwas 

gweisgen -nau, nf, press, stamp 

tgweisgion, np, husks, shells 

tgweisgioni, v, to husk; to crumble 

tgweisionain, np, striplings, youngsters 
(double plural of gwas) 

gweitied, gweitio, v, to wait 

gweitiwr, wyr, n, waiter 

gweithdy, dai, n, workhouse; workshop 

gweithfa, feydd, nf, works, manufactory 

gweithfaol, a, industrial 

tgweithfuddig, a, victorious 

gweithgar, a, hard-working, industrious, 
diligent 

gweithgarweh, n, industry, activity 

gweithiadwy, a, workable 

tgweithian, ad. See weithian 

gweithiau, ad. See weithiau 

gweithiau, gweithydd, np, works; in- 
dustrial districts 

gweithiedydd -ion, n, opemtor 

gweithio, V, to work, to operate, to 
labour; to cause, to do, to effect; to 
ferment; to purge 

gweithiol, a, working. Pwyllgor gweith- 
iol, executive committee 

tgweithion, ad. See weithion 

gweithiwr, wyr, n, workman, worker, 
labourer 

gweithle -oedd, n, workshop 

219 



GWE 

gweithred -oedd t-au, nf & «f. action, 

act, deed, work 
gweithrediad au. n, working, action, 

operation, function, agency, gweith- 

rediadau, proceedings, transactions 
gweithrediant, n, operation 
gweithredol, a, operative, active, actual, 

Virtu.ii 
gweithredu, v, to act, to work, to 

operate 
gweithredwr, wyr, n, doer, worker, 

operator 
gweithredy dd -ion, n, doer, agent, factor ; 

subject of verb. Rhydd weithredydd, 

free agent 
gweithwraig, wragedd, nj, workwoman, 

worker 
gweithydd -ion, n, worker, artificer, 

operative, operator 
tgweladur, n, seer 
gweladwy, a, perceptible, visible 
gwelameg, nf, stye 
gwelchyn, «, imp 
gweled, gweld, v, to see; to per. eive; 

to observe; to seemf, to appeart : n, 

sight, vision. Os gwelwch yn dda, if 

you please 
gwelediad, n, seeing, vision, perception, 

appearance (Ezek. i. 26) 
tgwelediant, n, vision, perception 
gweledig, a, in sight, seen, visible 
gweledigaeth -au, n/, vision; apparition 
gweledol, a, visual 
gweledydd -ion, n, spectator, seer 
gweli, îau, îoedd, «, wound; sore 
tgwelîus, a, wounded 
gwelw, a, pale 

gwelwder, n, paleness, pallor 
■fgwelwgan, a, pale white 
gwelwi, :■, to turn pale, to pale 
gwelwlas, ((, pale blue; pale (Rev. vi. 8) 
gwelwlwyd, a, pale 
gwely -au, gwelâu, n, bed, couch; plat; 

channel; familyf, clant; land of 

tribej; heritaget- Gteieiy coáî, press- 
bed 
tgwelyddon, n, family stock 
tgwelyddyn, n, low-lying ground; grave 
tgwelyian -nau, nf, bed, bed-chamber 
tgwelyfod -au, n, bed, bed-chamber; 

lymg-in 
tgwelyg -au, n, wme-press 
tgwelygordd -au, nf, stock, kindred, 

tribe ; l)ody-guard 



GWE 

tgwelŷog, a, bedded, having a bed; 
hereditary; tribal 

gwell, n, better (cornp. of da). Ei well, 
his superior 

gwella, V, to better, to mend, to im- 
prove, to ameliorate 

gwellaif, çwellau, eifiau, », shears, 
scissorst 

gwelleifio, II, to cut with shears 

gwelleifiwr, wyr, n, shearer 

gwellen, gweill, nf, knitting-needle. 
Gwellen wallt, hair-pin 

gwellhad, n, bettering, betterment, im- 
provement 

gwellhaol, a, ameliorative 

gwellhau, v, to better, to improve 

gwelliant -au, iannau, n, amendment, 
improvement 

tgwellig, tgwelling, n, defect, failing, 
failure, neglect, omission 

gwellt, en, grass; sward; straw 

gwelltglas, n, grass, greensward 

gwelltio, V, to turn to straw 

gwelltog, a, grassy; having straw 

gwelltyn, n, blade of grass; a straw 

gwellwell, aJ, better and better 

fgwellyg, n= gwellig 

tgwellygio, V, to fail, to neglect; to de- 
spise, to deny 

tgwellyniog, n, prosperous 

tgwemp, af, fine, lair: m. gwymp 

tgwempl -au, ;;/, wimple, veil 

gwèn, gwenau, ;;/, smile 

gwen, (t, fern, of gwyn 

gwenci, îod, nf, stoat, n'easel 

gwên-deg, a, fair-spoken, plausible 

gwendid -au, «, weakness, frailty, de- 
bility. Gwendid y lleuad, the wane 
of the moon 

gwendon -nau, nf, white wave, crested 
wave 

tgwendor, a, white-breasted 

tgwenddydd, nf, the morning star 

Gwener, nf, \'enus. Dydd Gwener, 
Friday (Dies Veneris) 

gwenerol, a, venereal 

tgwenfa, fâu, 77/ = gen{a 

tgwenfol -laid, «/=gwennol 

tgwenfro, nf, paradise 

gweníBam, a, blazing, ablaze 

tgwengerdd, nf, a hymn 

gwenhieithio, ti=gwenieithio 

Gwenhwys, Gwenhwyson, np, men oi 
Gwent 



GWE 



fi^y^TLj^ldídÁ -v» ^ we^Mfcg^ 



GWE 



Gwenhwysaidd, a, Silurian 
Gwenhwyseg, /i/, dialect of Gwent. the 

' Silurian 

I gweniaith, ;i/, lilannishment, flattery 

tgwenidog, etc. See gweinidog 

gwenieithio, v, to flatter 

gwenieithiwr, wyr, ;;, flatterer 

gwenieithus, a, flattering, fulsome 

gwenith -oedd -au, n vS: en, wiieat 

gwenithen, ;;/, grain of wheat 

gwenithfaen, fain, feini, «, granite 

gwenithwellt, n, wheat-grass 

gwenlloer, nf (pale or silver) moon 
(poet.) 

tgwennaul, ;;/, bright sun 

gwennol, gwenoliaid, nf, swallow, mar- 

tj tin (for gwenfol). — y simnai, true 

[* swallow. — y bundo, house-martin. 

' — y glennydd, sand-martin. • — ddu, 

swift. — y môr, sea-swallow, tern 

gwennol, gwenoliaid, nf, shuttle 

gwensgod -au -ion, nf, wainscot 

gwensgodi, v, to wainscot 

tgwentas -au, nf, hi^h shoe, buskin 

Gwentwys, np, men of Gwent 

gwenu, V, to smile 

tgwenwas, nf, paradise 

gwenwisg -oedd, nf, surplice 

gwenwyn, n, venom, poison, bane; spite; 
jealousy 

gwenwyndra, n, poisonousness : venom; 
ill feeling, grudge; fretfulness 

tgwenwyniclym, a, keen and deadly 

gwenwynig, gwenwynol, a, poisonous, 
venomous 

gwenwynllyd, a, poisonous, venomous; 
peevish, fretful; spiteful; jealous 

gwenwyno, v, to poison; to be peevish, 
to tret; to be jealous, to envy 

tgwenwynwayw, nf, poisoned spear 

tgwenydfa, nf, paradise 

gwenyg, np, waves, billows: s. gwaneg 

ij gwenyn, np (-en, nf), bees. Gwaith y 

■v. gwenyn, chequer - work. Gwenynen 
feirch, wasp. Gweny en ormes, drone 
gwenynddail, np, gwenynllys, en, gwen- 

ynog, nf, balm gentle 
gwenynfa, feydd, nf, apiary 
tgwenynllestr -i, /.', beehive 
gwenynog, a, abounding with bees 
gwenynydd -ion, n, apiarist, bee-keeper 
gweol, a, textile 

gwep -au, nf, face, visage, countenance; 
beak; grimace 



gwepio, V, lo make a long (or wry) 
face, to grimace 

gwêr, n, tallow, suet, or the Hke 

tgwerchyr -iau, n, cover, lid, shutter, 
valve 

gwerdd, af, green, verdant: m. gwyrdd 

gwerddem -au, tgwerdden, nf, emerald 

tgwerddoD -au, nf, green spot, mead 

gwerddonell, nf, wild clary 

tgwerddyr, )if, the sharebone; groin 

gweren -i;i, nf, cake of tallow. Gri-eren 
fol, ' fat that covereth the inwards.* 
(Lev. iii. 3) 

tgwerennig, íî=gwyrennig 

tgwerf -au, nf, verb 

gwerin, cnf, people, populace ; the mul- 
titude, the democracy; crew (of ship); 
'men' (chess and similar games) 

gwerinaidd, a, democratic, plebeian 

gwerineiddio, v, to democratize, to 
plebeianize 

gweriniaeth -au, r,f, democracy; republic 

gweriniaethol, a, democratic; republican 

gweriniaethwr, wyr, n, republican 

gwerinlywodraeth -au, nf, democracy; 
i-epr.blic 

tgwerino, v, to tame 

gwerinol, a, plebeian; vulgar 

gwerinos, cnf, the rabble, the mob 

gwerinwr, wyr, n, democrat 

gwerio, V, to tallow 

tgwerlin, tgwerling, n, lord 

gwerraod, «/= wermod 

gwern -i -ydd, nf, swamp; meadow; 
alder grove: np, alder- trees 

gwernen -nau -ni, nf, alder-tree; mast 
ot a shipf. Gwernenni a Imylbrenni, 
masts and yard-arms 

tgwernin, a, of alder 

gwernos, np, alder- trees 

gwerog, a, tallowy, suety 

gwers -i t-au, nf, verse; lesson; space, 
while, turn. Gwers dragwers, alter- 
nately, mutually 

tgwersa, v, to tattle, to gossip 

gwersig, nf, short verse or lesson 

gwersigl -au, nf, versicle^ 

gwerslyfr -au, n, lesson-book, text- 
book 

gwersyll -oedd, n, encampment, camp; 
garrison 

gwersyllfa -oedd, nf, camp (Ex. xvi. 13) 

gwersylliad, n, encamping, castrame- 
tation 



X 



cxadL fvwsA^ W 'Mi^ 



GWE 

tgwersylít, ;i = gwersyU 
gwersyllu, v, to encamp, to camp 
gwersyllwr, wyr, n, camper 
gwerth, n, worth, vahie, price; sale; re- 
ward. Ar werth, for sale. Dim 

gaerth, not much, very little 
gwerthadwy, a, saleable, vendible 
tgwerthafl -au, w/, stirrup 
tgwerthefin, a, uppermost; sovereign, 

supreme (from gwarthat) 
tgwerthefyr, n, lord, sovereign 
gwerthfawr, a, valuable, precious 
gwerthfawredd, n, preciousness 
gwerthfawroeach, a, more precious 
gwerthfawrocaf, a, most precious 
gwerthfawrogi, v, to appreciate 
gwerthfawrogiad, n, appreciation 
gwerthfawrogol, a, appreciative 
■fgwerthfawrogrwydd, n, preciousness 
tgwerthfawrusach, a, more precions 

(I Pet. i. 7) 
■fgwerthfawrusaf, a, most precious 
gwerthfor, rt= gwerthfawr 
gwerthiad, n, selling, sale 
gwerthiant, n, sale; price 
tgwerthidau, np, excellences 
gwerthu, i;, to sell 
tgwerthus, «= gwerthfawr 
gwerthwr, wyr, n, seller, vendor, 

dealer 
gwerthyd -au -on, nf, spindle (Prov. 

xxxi. ii)), axle, axis 
gwerthydd -ion, n, seller (Isa. xxiv. 2) 
tgwerthyddio, v, to value 
tgwerthyr -oedd, n, fortification, fort 
tgwery, a=gwyryf 
gweryd, gweryn, en, warble-flies 
gweryd -au -on, n, earth, soil, mould; 

sward; manure; moss; the grave (fig.) 
tgwerydre, nf, country, land 
gwerydu, v, to manure 
tgwerydd -on, »/=gwyryt 
tgwery ddu, v, to trolic; to wanton 
gweryn, en. See gweryd 
tgweryndod, nf, virginity, purity 
tgweryr.nol, a, refreshing, reinvigorat- 

ing 
tgwerynnu, v, to refresh, to water, to 

moisten, to make green 
gweryriad, n, neighing 
gweryrog, a, neighing 
gweryru, v, to neigli 
tgwesgryn, n, agitation 
fgwesgrynu, v, to shake, to agitate 



GWI 

tgwest -i, nf, inn, lodgmg ; feast, banquet 

tgwesta, V, to go visiting ; to beg, to 
sponge (Ecclus. xl. 28) 

gwestai, eion, nc, visitor, guest; beg- 
gar, parasite (Ecclus. xl. 28) 

tgwestedin, n, level ground 

tgwestfa, fâu, nf, lodging; entertain- 
ment; parlour, guest-chamber; feast; 
entertainment dues (legal) 

tgwestfil, n, wild beast = gwystfil 

tgwestl, n, tumult 

tgwestle -oedd, m, inn, lodging 

tgwestlog, a, tumultuous, tempest wous 

tgwestr -au, nf, hitch, noose 

tgwestu, V, to lodge; to entertain 

tgwestwng, V & • =gostwng 

tgwestwr, wyr, n, guest 

gwesty, tai, n, inn, hotel 

tgwestyngu, i'=gostwng 

gwesyn, ;;, youth; page 

tgwesyndod, n, servihty 

gweu, V, to weave, to knit 

gweuad, n, weaving; knitting; texture 

gweun -ydd, n/ = gwaun 

gweunblu, n, cotton-grass 

gweundir -oedd, n, moorlaud, meadow- 
land 

gweuol, a, weaving; knitting; textile 

I gweurydd -on, n, slave 

tgwëus -au, n/=gwefus 

gweuwr, wyr, n, knitter, weaver: /. 
gweuwraig 

gwewyr, n & np, pain(s), pang(s) ; 
anguish 

tgwewyr, np, spears; i. gwayw 

gwewyrlys, n, aniseed 

gweyd, V, to say, to speak (S.W.) 

gweydd, hyddion, n, wea\er 

gweyrod, np, maggots, worms 

gwg, II, irown, scowl; wrath 

fgwg, n. Gwg alarchod, the trumpeting 
of swans 

tgwg, n, inclination 

gwgu, V, to Irown, to scowl, to lower 

gwgus, a, frowning, scowling 

gwiail, np, rods, tw'gs 

gwiala, V, to gather rods; to use a rod 

gwialen -ni, gwiail, fgwial, tgwielyn, nf, 
rod, switch; yard; penis; perch 

gwialenffust -iau, nf, iiail-yard 

gwialennod, enodiau, nf, stroke (of a 
rod), stripe; pole, perch 

gwialenodio, v, to beat with a rod 

gwialffust -iau, nf, flail-yard 



GWI 
gwib -íau, nf, flash, dart, rush, spurt; 

wandering, jaunt: a, wandering. Ar 

wib, full pelt, at full speed. Cymryd 

gwib, to take a run before a jump. 

Seren wib, shooting star 
gwibdaith, deithiau, nf, excursion 
tgwibdde, ii=gwibiog, gwibiol 
gwiber -od, nf, viper 
gwiberaidd, a, viperine, viperish 
gwibhwylio, r, to cruise 
gwibiad, iaid, n, stroller, vagabond, 

\agrant; fugitive (Cjcn. iv. 12) 
tgwibiawdr, odron, n, vagabond, fugi- 
tive 
gwibio, V, to flash, to flit, to dart, to rush 

about, to run to and tro; to rove, to 

stroll, to gad, to wander 
gwibiog, a, flitting, wandering, roving 
gwibiol, u, erratic, v/andering, errant 
gwibiwr, wyr, n, stroller, wanderer, 

vagrant 
tgwibli, n, gadding, vagrancy 
gwiblong -au, nf, cruiser 
gwibwrn, yrnau, n, swirl, eddy 
tgwibwrn, a, blue 

tgwiced, tgwiched -au, nf, wicket, gate 
gwich -iau, nf, squeak, screech, shriek, 

squeal; creak; wheeze, wheezing 
gwiehell y gog, nf, liedge-sparrow 
gwichiad, iaid, n, periwinkle, sea-snail 
gwichian, gwichio, v, to squeak, to 

squeal, to screech; to creak; to 

wheeze 
gwichiedyn, n, dim. of gwichiad 
gwichiog, a, squeaking, creaking 
gwichlyd, a, creaking; wheezy 
tgwicho, V, to squeak, to squeal 
gwichydd -ion, gwichyll -od, gwichyn 

-nod, n, fitchet, polecat 
gwidman, n, widower (S.W.) 
gwidw, nf, widow (S.W.) 
gwidwith, nf, midwife (S.W.) 
tgwiddan, tgwiddanes, )!/=gwiddon 
tgwiddon -od, nf, hag, witch, sorceress; 

giantess 
gwiddon, np, rotted particles; mites 
gwiddoni, V, to rot, to breed mites 
gwiddonog, a, havhig mites 
gwif -ion -iau, n, lever, crow-bar 
gwifr, gwifren, pi. gwifrau, nf, wire 
gwifrwym -au, n, fulcrum 
gwig -oedd, nf, wood 
gwigfa -oedd, nf, grove, wood 
gwinglyd, gwingUyd, a, restless, fidgety 



GWI 



gwmgo, V, to wriggle; to fidget; to 
wince; to writhe; to kick, to struggle; 
to shrink, to flinch; to move, to 
stir 

gwingwr, wyr, n, wriggler, fidget 

tgwil, tgwilff -od, nf, epithet for a mare 

tgwilfrai, n, b.idger; herb yarrow 

tgwilhersu, v, to romp 

gwilhobain, v, to gallopt; to gallivant 

gwilied, gwilio, i; = gwylied, gwylio 

tgwilog, nf, mare 

gwilrhin, v, to squeal; to neigh, to 
whinny 

tgwilwst, nf, epithet for a mare 

tgwill -ion, n, strayer, vagabond 

tgwilliad, iaid, n, vagrant; lurker, 
robVjer, bandit fjob xviii. 9) 

tgwili(i)wr, wyr, M=gwiiliad 

gwimled, nf, gimlet 

tgwimpl -au, n, wimple, veil 

gwin -oedd, n, wine. Gwin egr, sour 
wine, vinegar 

gwina, V, to tipple wine 

gwinaidd, a, vinous 

gwinc -od, nf, the chaffinch 

gwindy, dai, n, wine-house (Cant. ii. 4) 

gwinegr, n, vmegar 

gwineu, a, bav, brown, auburn (Zech. 
vi. 3) 

gwineuddu, a, dark bay, dark brown 

gwineugoch, a, ruddy, florid; light bay 

gwine'iiwyd, a, reddish brown 

gwineuo, V, to turn to a bay colour 

tgwineuol, a= gwineu 

gwineurudd, a=gwineugoch 

tgwinfaeth, a, wine- fed 

tgwinfe!, n, hydromel 

gwingain -au, «, wine-press 

gwingar, a, fond of wine (i Tim. iii. 3) 

gwiniolen, ;;/, maple-tree 

gwiniolwydd, np (-en, nf], maple-trees 

gwinllan -noedd -nau, nf, vineyard 

gwinllannwr, llanwyr, gwinllannydd, 
llanyddion, n, vineyard-man, vine- 
dresser 

gwinllyd, a, winy 

gwinc!, a, of wine, vinous 

gwinrawn, np (ronyn, n), grapes 

tgwinsang -au, nf, wiue-press 

tgwintas -au, nf, buskin 

gwinwasg -au, nf, wine-press 

gwinwr, wyr, gwinydd -ion, n, vintner 

gwinwryf -oedd, n, wine-press 

gwinwydd, np (-en, nf), vines 
223 



GWI 



gwinwyddwr, wyr, n, vine-dresser (Joel 
i. II) 

gwiolydd, nf, violet, viola 

tgwipia, n, sparrow-hawk 

gwir, a, true, right: h, truth; right, 
justice 

gwirder, n, truth, verity, reality 

gwireb -au -ion, w, truism; axiom 

gwiredd -au, n, verity, trutli 

gwireddu, v, to make true, to verify, to 
substantiate 

gwirf, n, alcohol 

gwirfodd, H, good will, consent; content. 
O'i wirfodd, of his own accord 

gwirfodd, gwlrfoddol, a, voluntary; wil- 
ful; spontaneous 

gwirfoddoldeb, gwirfoddolrwydd, n, 
voluntariness; spontaneity 

gwirfoddoli, v, to volunteer 

gwirfoddolwr, wyr, n, volunteer 

tgwirhau, v, to verify, to attest 

tgwiriii, a, of pure or true nature 

gwirio, V, to verify, to attest, to certify; 
to assert 

gwiriol, a, verifying; positive 

gwirion, a, innocent, guiltless, just; 
simple, guileless; weak-minded; fool- 
ish, silly: -laid, n, innocent; idiot 

gwirlondeb, n, innocence; silliness, sim- 
plicity (2 Sam. XV. 11) 

gwirionedd -au, n & /i/f, truth, verity, 
reality; fact; veracity; innocencef 

gwirioneddol, a, true, real, genuine 

gwirioneddolrwydd, n, genuineness, real- 
ity 

gwirionffol, a, silly, idiotic 

gwirioni, II, to fool; to infatuate, to 
dote ; to be silly 

tgwirioniant, n, innocence, simplicity 

gwirionyn, n, innocent, simpleton 

gwirod -ydd t-au, n & nf, drink, liquor; 
spirituous liquor, spirits. Gwirodydd 
poeiliion, ardent spirits 

gwirodi, V, to serve spirits or liquor 

gwirodol, a, spirituous 

gwirota, V, to drink spirits 

gwirotai, eion, nc, dram-drinker 

gwiroty, tai, n, ginshop, dramshop 

gwisg -oedd, nf, dress, clothing, raiment, 
garment, robe 

gwisgad -au, n, dress, apparel, raiment 

gwisgi, a, alert, brisk, lively, nimble ; 
ripe. Cnau gwisgi, I'ipe nuts 

gwisgiad, n, wear; dress, apparel 



GWL^ 

gwisgio, V, to shell; to strip 

gwisgo, V, to dress, to p\it on; to ap- 
parel; to wear; to clothe, to cover; 
to endue 

gwisgog, a, dressed, dressy 

gwis'îon, ;i/=beisgawn (S.W.) 

gwisgwr, wyr, gwisgydd -ion, u, wearer 

gwiw, a, apt, fit, fitting, meet; worthy. 
Ni wiw i mi, I must not, I dare not 

gwiwair, n/=gwiwer 

gwiwbarch, a, worthy of respect 

gwiwdeb, gwiwdod, u, fitness; worthiness 

tgwiwddysg, a, erudite 

gwiwell -od, nf, widgeon; female salmon 

gwiwer -od, nf, squirrel 

gwiwglod, a, praiseworthy, renowned 

tgwiwne, n, brightness, brilliance 

gwiwnef, nf, high heaven 

gwiwydd, np (-en, nf), poplars 

gwlad, gwledydd, tgwladoedd, tgwiedi, 
nf, country, land, region Givlad ac 
eglwys, cliurch and state 

gwladaidd, ,i, countrified, rustic, boorish, 
bashful 

tgwladeidd-dra, n, bashfulness (Ecclus. 
.\li. 16) 

tgwladeiddio, tgwladyddu, v, to blush; 
to be confounded (Jer. .\.iv 3) 

gwladeiddio, v, to rusticate 

gwladeiddrwydd, h, rusticity, bashfulness 

gwiadfa -oedd, nf, colony, settlement. 
Y Wladfa, Patagonia 

gwladgar, gwladgarol, a, patriotic 

gwladgarwch, n, patriotism 

gwladgarwr, wyr, n, patriot 

gwladlywiaeth, nf, state policy; states- 
manship 

gwiadol, (Í, of a country; civil; state. 
Echi'vs wladol. state church 

gwladweiniaeth, nf, statesmanship, 
policy 

gwladweinydd -ion, wyr, n, statesman 

gwlad wr, wyr, n, countryman, rustic; 
peasint: patriott 

gwladwraidd, a, boorish, rustic 

gw'adwriaeth -au, nf, government, state, 
cMUHKinwealth (Eph. ii. 12) 

gwladwriaethoi, a, state, political, politic 

gwladychfa -oedd, nf. settlement, colony 

gwladychiad, n, colonization, settle- 
ment; reignf 

g wladychu, v, to reignf, to rulef ; to livet; 
to inhabit; to settle, to colonize 

gwladyciiwr, wyr, n, settler, colonist 
224 



GWL 

gwlân, gwlanoedd, u, wool 
gwlana, v, to gather wool 
gwlanaidd, a, like wool, woolly 
gwlanen -ni, u/, flannel 
gwlanennaidd, a, flannelly, soft 
gwlanennog, a, flannelly 
gwlanennwr, enwyr, n, flanneller, flan- 
nel-merchant 
gwlaniach, np, downy hairs 
gwlanog, a, woolly (2 Kings iii. 4) 
gwlanwr, wyr, n, wool-man, wool- 
merchant 
gwlâu, np, beds: s. gwely 
gwiaw, etc. See glaw 
X gwleb, a, fem. of gwlyb 

gwledig, a, countrified, rustic, rural; 

boorish 
tgwledig, n, lord, king, ruler, sovereign, 

prince 
tgwledwch, n, kingdom, dominion, 

reign 
tgwledychfa -oedd, nf, settlement, colony 
tgwledychu, v, to reign, to rule; to live 
gwledd -oedd, nf, feast, banquet 
gwledda, v, to feast, to carouse 
gwleddol, a, festive 
gwleddwr, wyr, n, feaster 
tgwleidiad -on, n, countryman 
gwleidiadaeth, nf, politics 
gwleidiadol, a, political 
gwleidydd -ion, n, politician, statesman 
gwleidyddiacth, ;;/, politics 
gwleidyddol, a, political 
gwleidyddwr, wyr, n, politician 
tgwleiddiadon, np, countrymen 
tgwlf, gylfau, H, channel, notch, slit 
gwlith -oedd, ;;, dew, spray 
gwlithen -ni, uf, whitlow; stye; slug 
gwlithlaw, n, fine or djizzling rain 
gwlithlawio, V, to drizzle 
gwlitho, V, to dew, to bedew 
gwlithog, a, dewy 
gwlithyn, pi. gwlithos, n, dewdrop 
tgwlw, ;i=gwlf 
■Sy gwlyb -ion, a, fluid, liquid, wet, moist: 
n, liquid, moisture; spoon-meat. 
Pethau gwlyhion, liquids, liquors (Ex. 
xxii. 29) 
gwlybaniaeth, n, wet, moisture, damp, 

humidity 
gwlybni, n, wetness, wet, moisture 
gwlybwr, yrau, yrion, yroedd, n, liquid, 

fluid; wet, moisture 
gwlybyrog, a, wet, humid, damp, rainy 
15 



GWO 

gwlych, n, wet. Rlioi yng nqwlych, to 
put in steep, to steep, to soak 

gwlychedig, a, wetted; wetting, wet 

gwlychu, V, to wet, to moisten ; to get 
wet; to bathe (ears, etc.); to dip 

gwlydd, np & en (-yn, n), haulm, stems, 
stalks, tops: herbage; chickweed 

tgwlydd, «, mild, tender, soft, gentle 

tgwlyddaidd, a, soft, succulent 

gwm, n, gum 

gwman, gwmon, n = gwymon 

gwn, gynnau, n, gun 

gwn, v, I know, pres. ind. s. i of gwybod 

gwn, gynau, n, gown, robe 

gwnaeth, v, aorist tense of gwneuthur 

tgwnathoedd, v, he had made or done 

gwndwn, n. See gwyndwn 

tgwned, tgwnedd, n, battle, slaughter, 
carnage 

gwnêl, gwnelo, v, pres. subj. s. 3 of 
gwneuthur. A wnelo ceiniog, for the 
sake of a penny 

gwneuthur, gwneud, v, to do, to exe- 
cute, to perform, to make. Gwna di 
hyn, do thou this. Fe wna'r tro, it 
will do 

tgwneuthurdeb, n, making, make; doing 

gwneuthuriad, n, make, making, doing 

gwneuthurol, a, factitious, artificial 

gwneuthurwr, wyr, n, maker, doer 

tgwneuthyd, j^ = gwneuthur 

tgwni, «, stitch, sewing ; seam 

gwnîad, n, sewing, stitching, seam 

gwniadur -iau, n & nf, thimble 

gwniadwaith, n, needlework, em- 
broidery 

gwniadwraig, wragedd, nf, stitcher, 
seamstress 

gwnîadyddes -an, nf, seamstress 

gwnîadyddiaeth, nf, the business of a 
seamstress, dressmaking 

tgwniant, n, seam=gwnlad 

gwniedydd -ion, n, stitcher 

gwnio, V, to sew, to stitch 

gwnîwr, wyr, gwnîydd -ion, n, stitcher 

gwniyddes -au, nf, seamstress 

tgwober, M/=gober 

gwobr -au, nf & n, reward, fee, prize 

gwobri, V, to bribe (Judg. xvi., contents) 

tgwobrin, a, rewarded, prize 

gwobrwy -au -on, n, prize, reward, bribe 

gwobrwyo, v, to reward 

gwobrwyol, a, rewarding; rewarded 

gwobrwywr, wyr, n, rewarder 
225 



GWO 



GWR 



tgwoddaid, fgoddaid, a, submissive to 

tgwoddeb -au, nf, purpose, design 

tgwofeg, n/^ gofeg 

tgwogawn, a. See gogawn 

tgwolchi, v= golchi 

î-gwolwch, H = golwch 

tgwolychu, i'=golychu 

tgworchor, v, to cover 

tgwoseb, n/=goseb 

tgwoyw, M/=gwayw 

fgwp, ;;, bird's head and neck; bill, beak 

gẅr, p!. gwŷr, n, man ; husband. GjÎit 

priod, -fGwr gwreigiog, Gŵr swmig 
(S.W.), married man, husband. Y 
gŵr drivg, the evil one, the devil 
gwra, V, to seek or marry a husband 
fgwra, v=^gwrhau 
tgwrab -od, n, monkey, ape 
gwrâch, pi. gwrachod, gwarchlod, fgwr- 

eichon, nf, hag, old woman, witch 
gwrachaidd, a, like an old hag 
gwrachan -od, nf, dun. of gwrâch 
gwrachanes -au, ;;/, little old woman 
gwrachastell -od, nf, off-board of a 

plough 
gwrachell -od, nf, p\my dwarf 
gwrachen -nod, gwrachod, nf, crabbed 

dwarf ; sea-bream, wrasse. Gwrachen 

ludw, woodlouse 
gwrachlaidd, a, old-womanish (i Tim. 

IV. 7) 
gwrachîod, up, old women 
tgwradwydd, etc. See gwaradwydd 
gwrageddos, up, gossips; silly women 
tgwraid, M=graid 
gwraidd, gwreiddiau, en (gwreiddyn, n), 

roots 
gwraidd, a, manly, virile 
gwraig, gwragedd, nf, woman; wife. 

Gwruig hriod, ^Givraig wriog, married 

woman, wife. Gwraig fonheddig, gen- 
tlewoman, lady 
gwraint, np, worms in the skin; tetters 
gwrandaw, gwrando, v, to hearken, to 

listen 
gwrandawgar, a, attentive 
gwrandawiad, n, listening, hearing 
gwrandawr, wyr, n, hearer, listener; 

adherent of a religious denomination 
gwrandawus, a, attentive 
gwrandawydd -ion, n, hearer, listener 
gwrando, v. See gwrandaw 
tgwrantur, nf, warrant 
gwrcath -od n, tom-cat 



gwrcatha, v, to caterwaul 
tgwrda, gwyrda, n, goodman; nobleman 
tgwrdäaeth, n, rank, nobility 
tgwrdäaidd, a, noble 
tgwrdaeiddrwydd, n, nobleness 
tgwrdd, a, strong, stout, mighty, power- 
ful; vehement (Ps. xxii. 12) 
tgwrdd-dorch, n, collar 
tgwrddlan, a, strong and clean 
gwrddling, n, sumac 
tgwrddlosgi, V, to bum fiercely 
tgwrddyn, n, spear, javelin 
tgwreang, gwŷreaing, n, freeman, yeo- 
man, esquire 
gwrechyn, n, crabbed fellow 
gwregys -au, n, girdle, belt, zone; truss 
gwregysu, v, to girdle, to gird 
gwrêng, n &. en, plebeian; yeoman; (one 

of) the common people 
gwrengaidd, a, plebeian, boorish 
gwrengyn, n, surly clown 
gwreica, v, to seek or marry a wife 
tgwreica, nf, wife, consort, match 
tgwreictra, n, addiction to women, 

mulierosity 
gwreichion, np (-en, nf), sparks 
gwreichioni, v, to emit sparks, to sparkle, 

to scintillate 
gwreichionog, a, full of sparks 
tgwreichon, a pi. of gwrâch 
gwreiddair, eiriau, n, root-word, etymon 
gwreiddledig, a, rooted 
gwreiddlo, v, to root, to take root 
gwreiddiog, a, having roots, rooted 
gwreiddiol, a, radical; rooted; original 
gwreiddioldeb, n, originality 
gwreiddionos, up, radicles : s. gwreidd- 

ionyn 
gwreiddrudd, nf, the madder 
gwreiddyn, pi. gwreiddiau, gwraidd, n, 

root 
gwreigaidd, a, effeminate; womanish, 

womanly (2 Mace. vii. 21) 
gwreigan, nf. See gwreigen 
gwreigdda, nf, goodwife, goody 
gwreigeiddio, v, to become effeminate 
gwreigen, gwreigan, ;;/, little woman 
tgwreigiog, (Í, having a wife 
tgV:'reiglol, a, womanish, cowardly 
tgwreignith -od, nf, little woman 
gwreinen, nf, ringworm : m. gwreinyn 
gwrendy, v, will hearken 
gwrês, n, heat, warmth, ardour 
gwresfesurydd -ion, n, thermometer 
226 



i^ìr^ 



L'Cjdi 



GWR 



GWR 



tgwresfynag, fynaig, n, thermometer 
gwresog, rt, warm ; fervent, hearty; hot 
gwresögi, V, to warm, to heat 

gwresogrwydd, n, heat, warmth, fervour 
tgwrterch -ed, tsŵrforwyn -ion, h/, 

virago, amazon 
tgwrhau, v, to do homage 

gwrhewcri, n, jocularity 

gwrhyd -oedd, u, fathom, six feet 

tgwrhyd, n, manhness, valour 

gwrhydri, n, heroism, bravery, valour 

tgwrhydrych, a, brilliant 

gwrhydu, v, to fathom 

tgwriaeth, »/, man's estate 

gwrîd, «, blush; Hush; heatf 

gwridgoch, a. See gwritgoch 

gwrido, V, to blush, to flush 

gwiidog, ({, rosy-cheeked, ruddy 

tgwringell -au, nf, press; spring 

tgwringhelliad, n, peristaltic motion 

tgwringhellu, v, to wring; to wriggle, to 
wiithe 

tgwriog, a, havinc a husband, married 

tgwriogaetli, »/, iiomage; bondservice 
(i Kings ix. 2i) 

tgwriogi, V, to do homage 

gwrit, nf, writ 

gwritgoch, a, rosy-cheeked ; florid, ruddy, 
red 

tgwrm, tgwrwm, «, dusky hue, dun; 
dark blue : a, dusky, dun; dark blue 

tgwrradde, a, dark blue 

tgwrmgaen, nf, dark blue covering 

tgwrmrudd, a, purple 

tgwrmsaid, a, blue-hafted, blue-hilted 

tgwrmseirch, np, dark blue armour 

tgwrmwyrdd, a, dark green 

gwrn, n, urn 

gwrnerth, n, the speedwell 

gwrogaeth, nf, homage 

gwrogi, V, to do homage 

gwrol, a, of a man, manly, virile; val- 
iant, brave, courageous 

tgwrolaeth, H/=gwroldeb 

gwroldeb, n, manhood, manliness, virility; 
courage, bravery, valour; fortitude 

tgwrolder, n=gwro!deb 
gwrolddrud, a, stout, sturdy, vigorous 

gwrolgamp -au, nf, manly feat, prowess 

gwroli, II, to become manly ; to hearten 

gwroliaeth, nf, manliness, heroism 

gwrolwyeh, a, brave, manly, gallant 

gwron -iaid, n, worthy, hero 

gwroniaeth, nf, heroism, valour 



gwrryw, a & /i = gwryw 
gwrtaith, teithiau, n, manure; culture; 
fertihzer; dressing; defencef; orna- 
mentf 
tgwrtaith, ü=gwrteithio 
gwrteithiad, n, manuring ; cultivation ; 

culture 
gwrteithio, v, to dress; to manure, to 
fertilize; to cultivate, to culture; to 
improve; to refresht 
tgwrteithus, a, dressed, manured 
gwrth, c & pr. See wrth 
tgwrth, n, opposition 
gwrtliachwyn -ion, n, counter complaint 

or charge 
gwrthafl -au, nf, stirrup 
tgwrthaing, nf, wedge 
tgwrthair, eiriau, ;i, antiphrasis; protest 
gwrthallt, elltydd, nf, slope, declivity 
gwrthannog, v, to dissuade 
tgwrtharab, a, with hostile wit 
gwrthateb, v, to retort, to rejoin; to re- 
fute: n, retort, rejoinder; refutation 
gwrthban -au, n, blanket 
gwrthblaid, bleidiau, nf, opposite party, 

opposition (in Parliament) 
tgwrthbleidiog, a, opposed: n, opponent, 

adversary 
gwrthbrawf, brofion, n, refutation 
tgwrthbrid, n, price, value 
gwrthbrofadwy, a, refutable 
gwrthbrofl, v, to disprove, to refute, to 

confute 
tgwrthbwyll, n, haste, hurry, precipi- 
tance 
gwrthbwynt, n, counterpoint 
gwrthbwys -au, n, counterpoise 
tgwrthbwysi, n, haste, hurry, precipi- 
tance. (W.B. reading for R.B. 
gwrthbwyll) 
gwrthbwyso, v, to counterbalance, to 

counterpoise; to outweigh 
gwrthbwyth -au, n, retaliation 
tgwrthbwyth, a, obstinate, stubborn, 

courageous 
gwrthbydrol, a, antiseptic 
gwrthdarawiad -au, n, collision, conflict 
gwrthdaro, v, to clash, to collide 
tgwrth ley rn -edd, o, tyrant 
tgwrthdir -oedd, n, upland, highland, 

hill-country ; borderland 
gwrthdoriad, n, refraction 
gwrthdorri, v, to refract 
gwrthdrindodiad, iaid, n, antitrinitarian 
227 



GWR 

gwrthdro -ion, n, turn back, retort; 

reversion ; backsliding (Jer. ii. 19) 
gwrthdroediaid, gwrthdroedion, gwrth- 

riroedogion, gwrthdroedolion, gwrth- 

droedwyr, up, antipodes 
gwrthdrofeydd, np, backslidings (Jer. 

V. 6) 
gwrthdroi, v, to turn back, to revert 
tgwrthdwng, n, counter-oath, hostile 

oath 
tgv;rthdwyth, n, resiliency; elasticity 
gwrthdyngu, v, to counterswear 
gwrthdyst -ion, n, a hostile witness 
gwrthdystiad -au, h, protest, protesta- 
tion 
gwrthdystio, v, to protest 
gwrthdystiwr, wyr, n, protester 
gwrthddadl -au -euon, «/, objection 
gwrthddadleu, v, to object, to controvert 
gwrthddadleuwr, wyr, n, opponent in 

.uvi'.nuent; antagonist; objector 
gwrthddrych, n=gwrthrych 
gwrthddywediad -au, n, contradiction, 

paradox 
gwrthddywedyd, v, to contradict, to 

gainsay 
tgwrtheb -ion, n, answer, rejoinder, ob- 
jection 
tgwrtheb(u), v, to answer, to rejoin, to 

respond ; to oppose ; to refuse 
gwrtheiriad, w, antiphrasis 
gwrthenwad, n, antonomasia 
gwrthergyd -ion, n & nf, repulse 
gwrthergydio, v, to repel 
tgwrthern -i, n, relation in the seventh 

degree of affinity 
tgwrthfach -au, n, the barb of a dart 
tgwrthfachog, a, barbed 
fgwrthflinder, n, trouble, tribulation, 

affliction 
gwrthfrad -au, n, counterplot 
tgwrthfryd, a, of hostile mind 
tgwrthfryd, v, to restore 
gwrthfugeiliol, a, opposed to a settled 

ministry 
tgwrthfun, v, to refuse : a, repugnant, 

hateful, odious 
tgwrthfur -iau, n, contrainure 
tgwrthfyn, v, to receive 
tgwrthgais, n, opposition 
tgwrthgas, a, perverse, refractory, re- 
bellious 
tgwrthgasedd, n, perverseness; malig- 
nity; rebellion 



GWR 

gwrthgefn -au, n, back, support. Yn ei 

wrihgefn, fjehind his back 
gwrthgiliad, n, backsliding; apostasy; 

secession 
gwrthgilio, V, to recede ; to revolt; to 

secede; to apostatize, to backslide 
gwrthgiliwr, wyr, n, backslider; se- 

ceder; apostate 
gwrthglafrol, a, antiscorbutic 
gwrthglafrolion, up, antiscorbutics 
gwrthglawdd, gloddiau, ;;, rampart, bul- 

waik, entrenchment, fort (Isa. xxix. 3) 
tgwrthgloch, a, gruff, sullen, rude 
tgwrthglochedd, n, gruffness, rudeness, 

incivility 
tgwrthgloddiad, a, digging against 
gwrthgri, w, outcry 
gwrthgrist -iau, n, antichrist 
tgwrthgroch, a, gruff, sullen, rude 
tgwrthgrych, a, pi. of gwithgroch 
tgwrthgyfarch, v, to address ; to meet, 

to encounter: n, rencounter 
gwrthgyferbyniad -au, /i, antithesis; 

contrast 
gwrthgyferbynnu, v, to contrast 
gwrthgynllwyn -ion, n, counterplot 
tgwrthgyrch, a, hostile 
gwrth-Iiawl, holion, nf, counter-plea, 

counter-claim 
gwrth-heintus, a, antiseptic 
tgwrth-hoel -ion, nf, plug, rivet, wedge 
tgwrth-hoelio, v, to rivet 
tgwrthiad, n, opposer, opponent 
tgwrthiaith, nf, contradiction 
tgwrthio, V, to oppose, to resist, to 

repel 
gwrthladd, v, to resist, to repel, to 

thrust out, to expel; to refusef: »t. 

resistance 
gwrthladdydd -ion, n, resister, repeller; 

expeller 
gwrthlam, n, rebound, recoil 
gwrthlamu, v, to rebound, to recoil 
tgwrthlef, V, to converse 
gwrthlun -iau, n, antitype 
tgwrthlw, n, a hostile oath 
gwrthlyngyrion, np, anthelmintics 
gwrthlyngyrol, a, anthelmintic 
tgwrthmun, a, repugnant, distasteful, 

hateful, odious 
gwrthnaid, nf, rebound, recoil 
gwrthnaws, «, antipathy, repugnance: 

a, repugnant 
gwrthneidio, v, to rebound, to recoil 
228 



GWR 



GWR 



tgwrthneu, v, to refuse, to reject, to 

obiect 
gwrthnysig, a, obstinate, stubborn, per- 
\'erse, refractory; rebellious, back- 
sliding (Bible) 
gwrthnysigrwydd, «, obstinacy, stub- 
bornness 
gwrthod, V, to refuse, to reject; to 

expelf; to resistj, to repelf 
gwrthodiad -au, n, refusal, rejection 
gwrthodwr, wyr, n, refuser, rejecter 
tgwrthodyn, n, abject 
gwrthol, n & ad, back, backwards. 
01 a givrthol, to and fro. Saith o 
weithiau o! a givrthol, seven times 
over 
tgwrthrawd, rodion, nj, hostile army 
tgwrthred, n, hindrance, delay, pressure 
tgwrthrennydd, ad, three days hence 
tgwrthreswm, ymau, n, objection 
tgwrthrif, v, to oppose 
tgwrthrimyn -nau -nod, u, pair of pincers 
tgwrthrin -iau, n, rebellion 
tgwrthroch, a, grufî, sullen, rude 
tgwrthrodiad, n, retrocession 
gwrthrodio, v, to retrocede, to retrogress 
tgwrthrwm, tgorthrwm, a, very heavy, 

grievous, se\erp, profound 
gwrthrych -au, ;;, object; subject (of 

biography) 
tgwrthrych, tgwrthrychiad, iaid, n, heir 

apparent 
gwrthrychiad, n, objectification; objectf 
gwrthrychol, a, objective 
gwrthrychu, v, to objectify; to desig- 

natet 
tgwrthryd, a=gwrth{ryd 
gwrthryfel -oedd, n, rebellion ; mutiny 
gwrthryfela, tgwrthryfelu, 7', to rebel 
gwrthryfelgar, ?/, rebellious; mutinous 
gwrthryfelgarwch, n, rebelliousness 
tgwrthryfelu, v. See gwrthryfela 
gwrthryfelwr, wyr, n. rebel, mutineer 
tgwrthrymu, t;=gorthrymu 
tgwrthryn, v, to resist, to oppose: n, 

resistance, opposition 
gwrthsafiad, «, resistance. Gwrthsafiad 

goddefol. passive resistance 
gwrthsafwr, wyr, n, resister 
gwrthsefyll, v, to withstand, to resist 
gwrthsur -ion, n, antacid; alkali 
tgwrthucher, n, evening 
gwrthun, a, deformed, ugly, unseemly; 
offensive, repugnant; odious, absurd 



gwrthuni, h, deformity, ugliness; odious- 
ness, absurdity 

tgwrthwan, n, counterthrust 

gwrthweinidogaethol, a, antiministerial 

gwrthweithiad, gwrthweithrediad, n, 
counteraction; reaction 

gwrthweithio, v, to counteract; to react 

gwrthweithiol, a, reactionary 

gwrthweithydd -ion, n, counter-agent 

gwrthwenwyn, ii, antidote 

gwrthwrwst, a, antispasmodic 

tgwrthwydd, n, absence 

gwrthwyneb, n, contrary, opposite; op- 
position, contrariety, adversity. — 
afon, up-stream. — gallt, up-hill. 
/> gwrthwyneb, on the contrary. Tu 
gwrthwyneb, the wrong side, inside 
out. Yng ngwrthwyneb, contrary to 
(Col. ii. 14) 

gwrthwyneb, a, contrary, opposite; ad- 
verse 

tgwrthwynebedd, n, opposition, resist- 
ance; repugnance; adversity 

gwrthwynebiad -au, n, objection, op- 
position 

gwrthwynebol, a, opposed ; repugnant 

gwrthwynebrwydd, n, repugnance 

gwrthwynebu, v, to resist, tu oppose 

gwrthwynebus, a, repugnant; disgust- 
ing, nauseous; adverse, contrary 

gwrthwynebwr, wyr, gwrthwynebydd 
-ion, n, opponent, adversary, anta- 
gonist 

gwrthwynt -oedd, n, adverse wind, con- 
trary wind 

tgwrthyf, pn + pr=wvihyi 

tgwrthymadrodd -ion, n, objection 

gwrthyriad, n, repulse, repulsion 

gwrthyrrol, a, repellent, repulsive 

gwrthyrru, v, to repel, to repulse 

tgwrwradde, a = gwrmdde 

gwrwst, ;;/, the cramp 

gwrych -oedd, n, hedge 

gwrych, r.p (-yn, n), bristles 

gwrychell -au -oedd, «/, thicket, brake; 
brush; hedge-sparrow 

gwrychio, gwrychu, v, to bristle 

tgwrychion, «^=gwreichioa 

gwrychyn, n, bristle. Coii gwrychyv., to 
set up one's bristles, to bristle up 

gwryd, n, fathom (gwrhyd) 

tgwryd, n=gweryd 

tgwryd, n, manliness, virility, courage, 
bravery, valour, prowess 
229 



GWR 

tgwrŷd, ydion, nf, chain 

tgwrydd -au, n, wreath 

gwryddyn, n, handle (of basket) 

gwryf -oedd t-iá, n, press (Joel iii. 13) 

tgwrŷg. «, growth, vigour 

tgwrygiant, n, virility; invigoration ; 

convalescence 
tgwrj'gio, I', to grow, to tJirive; to grow 

strong, to convalesce 
tgwrygiog, a, virile, vigorous 
tgwrygiol, a, invigorating 
gwryiP -iau, n, seam; weai; band (Ex. 

xxxix. 23) 
gwrymio, v, to seam 
gwrymiog, a, seamed, ribbed, corrugated 
tgwrymseirch, ;ip=gwrmseirch 
gwryn, n, sing, and dim. of gŵr 
tgwrŷs, ysoedd, «, onset, strife, con- 
tention 
gwrysg, np (-en, «/), boughs, branches ; 

twigs, stalks ; haulm 
tgwrysio, V, to strive; to contend 
gwrystog, a, having the cramp 
gwryw, a, male: -od -aid -iaid, n, male 
gwrywaidd, a, masculine 
tgwrywes -au, nf, virago 
gwrywgydiwr, wyr, n, sodomite (i Cor. 

vi. 9 ; I Tim. i. 10) 
gwrywol, a, masculine (in grammar) 
tgwst, n, gust, taste, appetite 
tgwet. gystion, nf, pain, sickness, 

malady, complaint 
fgwt, n, gutta, gum 
gwth, n, -push, thrust, shove. Mewn 

gwth oedran, well stricken in years 

(Luke i. 7). Gwth o wynt, a gust of 

wind 
gwthgar, a, pushful 
gwthio, V, to push, to thrust, to shove, 

to force, to obtrude 
gwthiwr, wyr, n, pusher 
gwuìì, gwullioii, en & np, flowerets, 

flowers 
tgŵy, nf, water 

gwyach -od, nf, water-fowl; grebe 
tgv/yal -au, nf, goal ; the temple 
tgwyalfan, nf, post 
tgwyar, n, gore, blood 
tgwyarllyd, fgwyarog, a, gory 
gwybed, iip (-yn, n), flies, gnats 
gwybedydd -ion, n, one who knows; 

Gnostirf Gwybedydd gwybodaeth y 

Gutuchaf (Num. xxiv. 16) 
gwybeta, v, to catch flies, to dawdle 



GWY 

gwybod, V, to know, to perceive 
gwybod -au, «, knowledge, science. 

Gwybodau a chelfyddydau. sciences 
and arts 
gwybodaeth -au, nf, knowledge 
gwybodeg, nf, epistemology; science 
gwybodol, a, intelligent; known 
gwybodus, a, knowing, well-informed 
gwybr, gwybren, )i/=wjbr 
tgwybyddiad, iaid, n, eye-witness 
tgwybyddiaeth, nf, consciousness; know- 
ledge 
gwybyddus, a, known; knowingf 
gwybyddwr, wyr, n, knower 
gwych, a, fine; splendid, gorgeous, 
brilliant; gaudy, gay; healthy: /. 
gwech. Bydd wych, farewell 
gwychder, n, splendour; pomp 
tgwyehed, nf, wicket 
tgwychi, np, drones 

tgwychr, a, stout, resolute, valiant, 
brave; bold, haughty, proud; vic- 
torious 
tgwychrol, a= gwychr 
gwychu, V, to make gay; to adorn 
tgwychydd -ion, n, hero, gallant 
tgwŷd, gwydiau, n, passion, vice, sin 
fgwydio, V, to lust, to sin 
tgwydlawn, a, vicious, sinful 
gwydn, a, tough, tenacious; viscid 
gwydnedd, tgwydnder, i! = gwydnwch 
gwydnhau, gwydnu, v, to become tough, 

to touglien, to tighten 
gwydn wch, n, toughness, tenacity 
gwydr -au, n, glass; drinking-glass 
gwydraid, eidiau, n, glassful, glass 
gwydraidd, a, vitreous, glassy 
tgwydrin, a, made of glass, glazed; 

with windows 
gwydro, v, to do with glass, to glaze 
gwydrog, a, supplied with glass, glazed 
gwydrogi, v, to turn to glass, to vitrify 
gwydrol, a, vitreous 
gwydrwr, wyr, n, glazier ; jewellert 
gwydryn, pi. gwydrau, n, drinking-glass 
tgwydus, ft, vicious 
gẅydd, n, presence 
gŵydd, a. overgrown ; wild 
gŵydd gwyddau, nf. goose 
gwŷdd, gwehyddion, gwyddion, n, loom; 

plough 
gwŷdd, np (gwydden, nf), trees, wood, 

forest 
gwŷdd, n, weaver=gweydd, gwehydd 
230 



GWY GWY 

tgwŷdd, n, knowledge tgwyfon, np, berries 

tgwyddanes -au, n/=gwiddon gwyfyn -od, n, moth, worm 

tgwyddbed, np (-yn, n)=gwybed tgwyg, ai, vetch, tares 

tgwyddbwyll, «/, chess (or some similar tgwygbys, np {-en, «/), vetches 

game) gwygl, n, sultry. ' Yn wigil iawn,' 
Gwyddel -od t-aid, Gwyddyl, n, Irish- very close or sultry (Lleyn) 

man. tGwyddyl Ffichti, Picts tgwyglyd, a, limp; void of energy 

Gwyddeleg, nf, the Irish language gŵyl, a, modest, bashful 

Gwyddeles -au, nf, Irishwoman gẅyl -lau t-ion, nf, holiday; feast, 
tgwyddeli, np, bushes, brakes festival; vigil. Dydd gvbyl, holiday. 

Gwyddelig, a, Irish, Hibernian. Llysiau gwylaeth, n, lettuce 

G-d'yddeHg, parsnips gwylaidd, a, bashful, modest 

tgwyddfa, fâu, íeydd, nf, tumulus, tomb; gwylan -od, fgwylain, nf, sea-gull 

monument. Vr Wyddfa, Snowdon gwylar, n, coral 

tgwyddfarch, feirch, n, a wild horse; gwylder, n, baslifulness, modesty 

a wijoden horse, a ship (fig.) gwyldy, dai, n, watch-house 

gwyddfid, n, honeysuckle gwyledd, gwyleidd-dra, n, bashfulness, 
tgwyddfil -od, n, wild animal modesty 

tgwyddfoch, «p (-hwch, wc), wild swine gwylfa, fâu, feydd, nf, watching-place, 
gwyddtod, n, presence watch (Matt. xiv. 25) 

gwyddfodol, a, present, gwyddfodolion, fgwylfa, fâu, nf, feast, festival 

those present tgwyliadur -laid, »=gwyllwr 

tgwyddfwyd, w= gwyddfid gwyliadwriaeth -au, «/, watch; guard: 
tgwyddgi, gwn, », wild dog; fox n, watchfulness; caution; guard 

tgwyddhwch.pZ. gwyddfoeh,;:c, wild hog gwyliadwrus, a, watchful, vigilant; 
fgwyddi, n, quickset hedge cautious, wary 

tgwyddiad, v, (he) knew gwylied, t;=gwyllo 

tgwyddiawn, a, fertile gwyliedydd -ion, n, sentinel, watchman 

tgwydding -od, n, quickset hedge gwylio, v, to watch; to mind, to take 
tgwyddin, a, wooden care, to beware 

tgwyddlv/dn, lydnod, n, wild animal gwyliwr, wyr, n, watchman, sentinel, 
gwyddlwyn -i, n, the pimpernel sentry 

tgwyddo, V, to grow wild again (of gwylmabsant -au, nf, feast of patron 

cultivated land) saint : parish wake 

gwyddon -laid, n, wizard; scientist gwylmabsanta, v, to keep wakes 

gwyddoniadur -on, n, encyclopaîdia gwylnos -au, nf, watch-night, wake, vigil 

gwyddoniaeth, n.f, science gwylog -od, nf, the guillemot 

gwyddonol, a, scientific gwylys, n, liquorice 

gwyddonydd -ion, gwyddonwyr, Ji, scien- gŵyll, gwyllion, ;;/, witch, hag: ghost, 

tisi, man of science goblin, hobgoblin, fiend: night mon- 

gwyddor -ion -au, «/, rudiment ; science. ster (Isa x:vxiv. 14) (Ŵyll) 

y wydJor, the alphabet (egwyddor) gwyll, n, gloom, darkness, dusk : a, 
gwyddori, v, tu instruct, to ground gloomy, dark, dusky 

tgwyddoriaeth, nf, science gwylliad, laid, n, robber, bandit 

gwyddorig, gwyddorol, a, rudiraental ; tgwyHias, «, wild passion 

scientific fgwyllion, tgwyllon, np, manes, shades 

tgwyddwa! -ed, weli, u/, wall of wood ; gwyllt, a, wild, savage, mad; rapid, 

thi'ket fast, furious; passionate, excitable. 

gwyddwalch, nf, ' ossifrage ' (Lev. xi. 13) Dafad{en) wylU, lupus, scirrhus. Ty- 
tgwyddwig, nf, desolation mer wylli, quick temper 

gwyddwydd, np (-en, ;;/), honeysuckle gwyllt -oedd, n, wild 

gwyddyl -au, n, hedging-bill tgwylltfaith, a, wild and long 

gwyddys, v, it is known tgwyllthl -od, n, wild beast (.Mark i. 13) 

gwyfo, î'=gwywo gwylltiaid, np, savages 

231 



GWY 

gwyütineb, n, wildness; rage, fury 
gwylltio, V, to scare; to hurry, to flurry; 

to excite; to take fright; to fly into a 

passion; to rage; to enrage, to anger 
tgwylltiog, tgwylltog, a, wild, mad 
gwylltu, v= gwylltio (S.W.) 
tgwyllys, ;i/=ewyllys 
gwymon, gwmon, gwman, n, sen-. L-ed 
tgwymp, a, fine, fair : /. gwemp 
gwyn -ion, a, white; fan-; blessed, holy: 

/. gwen : >•, white. Git^yii ei jyd, 

happy or blessed is he 
gwyn, gwyniau, n & n/, rage; ache, 

smart ; passion, lust 
gwynad, v, to desire the stallion (of 

mare) 
gwynad, n, smarting 
tgwynafog, a, peevish, perverse, vicious 
tgwynafu, v, to act perversely 
gwyndeb, gwynder, n, whiteness 
Gwyndodeg, nf, dialect of Gwynedd 
Gwyndodiaith, nf, dialect of Gwynedd 
Gwyndodig, a, pertaining to Gwynedd, 

Venedocian 
Gwyndodwr, wyr, n, Venedocian: /. 

Gwyndodwraig, Gwyndodes 
gwyndra, n, whiteness 
gwyndwn, gwyndon, gwndwn, n, lay 

land; lay hay; land never plouglied 
Gwyndyd, np, men of Gwynedd, Vene- 

docians 
tgwynddas, a, peevish, fretful 
gwyneb -au, n, face, visage. (By pro- 

vection trom wyneb, which see) 
Gwyneddig, a, Venedocian. Gwynedd- 

igion, men of Gwynedd, Venedocians 
Gwyneddwr, wyr, n, Venedocian 
gwynegon, n, rheumatism 
gwynegu, v, to throb; to ache 
tgwyneithaid, np, consecrated ele- 
ments 
gwynia -oedd, ni, paradise 
gwyniyd, n, felicity, happiness, bliss. 

gwynfydau, beatitudes 
tgwynfydau, np, jealousies (Gal. v. 20) 
gwynfydedig, tgwynfydig, a, blessed, 

happy, beatific 
tgwynfydedigaeth, nj = gwynfydedig- 

rwydd 
gwyniydedigo, v, to beatify 
gwynfydedigrwydd, n, beatitude, blessed- 
ness, bliss 
gwynfydu, v, to rave, to become frantic; 

to become fanatic ; to envy 



GWY 

tgwynfydu, v, to beatify, to bless 
gwynfydwr, wyr, n, enthusiast, fanatic 
gwyngalchiad, ;;, a whitewashing 
gwyngalchog, a, whitewashed 
gwyngalchu, v. to whitewash 
gwyngalchwr, wyr, «, whitewasher 
tgwyngen (n-g), n, smile 
gwyngoch, a, pink, rosy 
gwyngochder, n, pinkness 
gwyniad, iaid, jí, whiting; gudgeon; 
white-fleshed lake fish of salmon 
kind — gwyniad 
tgwyniaith, n, & w/, vengeance, vindi- 
cation, deliverance 
gwynias, a, white-hot, red-hot 
gwyniasu, v, to make white-hot; to 

glow with heat 
gwyniedyn, n, whiting 
gwynio, V, to throb ; to ache 
gwynias, a, pale blue 
gwyniasu, v, to turn deadly pale 
gwynllwyd, a, hoary, grey-haired 
tgwynnaint, n, the highest heaven, the 

empyrean 
tgwynnem, gwynemau, n, diamond, 

brilliant 
gwynning, n, sap, sap-wood 
tgwynnog, a, windy 
tgwynnon, np, dry sticks tor fuel 
gwynnu, v, to whiten, to bleach 
gwynnwy, ;/, white of egg 
gwynog, a, passionate, full of rage 
tgwynsaid, a, white hafted, wliite- 

hilted 
gwynt -oedd, tgwynnoedd, n, wind, 
breeze; breath; smell. Gwynt yn y 
cylla, flatulence 
gwyntell -au, nf, a round basket with- 
out a handle 
gwyntfesurydd, n, anemometer 
gwyntio, f, to blow; to blast; to ven- 
tilate ; to smell, to scent, to snifl 
gwyntog, a, windy, stormy ; flatulent 
gwyntyll -au, nf, ventilator, fan 
gwyntylliad, n, ventilation 
gwyntyllio, gwyntyllu, v, to ventilate, 

to winnnw 
tgwyntyrroi, n, earminative 
gwynwydd, np (-en, nf), honeysuckle 
tgwynygio, tgwynygu, v, to avenge 
gŵyr, a, oblique, slanting, sloping, 

crooked 
gŵyr, V, he knows 
tgwŷr, a, fresh 

232 



GWY 



GWY 



gwŷr, np, men : s. gŵr. Gwŷr meirch, 
horsemen, cavalry. Gwŷr traeJ, foot- 
soldiers, infantry 
gwyrain, np, barnacles 
tgwyran, tgwyrain, n, grass : a, green, 

verdant 
tgwyrandardd, a, sprouting grass; grassy 
tgwyrandir, n, grass-land, greensward 
tgwyrda, np, gentlemen, nobles 
tgwyrder, tgwyrdod, M=gwyryfdod 
gŵyrdraws, a, perverse (Acts xx. 30) 
gŵyrdro -Ion, n, perversion 
gŵyrdroi, v, to wrest, to pervert, to 

distort 
gwyrdd, a, green : n, green: /. gwerdd 
gwyrddedd, gwyrddni, n, greenness 
gwyrddfaen, feini, n, emerald 
gwyrddfelyn, a, light green 
gwyrddio, v, to become green, to green 
gwyrddlas, a, greenish blue, bluish 

green ; green, verdant 
tgwyrddlasliw, a, greenish, sallow 
gwyrddlesni, n, greenness, verdure 
tgwyrddon -au, n, verdant plat, green 
tgwyrddonig, a, green, verdant 
gwyrddu, v, to make green, to green 
gŵyredd, n, obliquity; bias 
tgwyrennig, a, verdant ; luxuriant ; lively 
tgwyrf, a & n/=gwyryl 
gẅyrgam, a, crooked, askew 
gŵyrgamu, v, to turn awry 
gŵyrgemi, n, crookedness 
gŵyriad -au, n, leaning, inclination; 

deviation, aberration 
tgwyrios, np, ignoble persons 
tgwyrlod -ydd, nf, meadow 
gŵyrni, n, bias, crookedness, perverse- 

ness, perversion 
gẅyro, V, to swerve, to deviate ; to 
lean, to incline, to slant, to slope, to 
decline; to stoop, to bend; to per- 
vert, to wrest, to distort 
gẅyrog, a, perverse (Deut. xxxii. 5) 
gŵyrol, a, slanting, inclining 
gwyros, n, privet 

gwyrth -iau, nf & wf, miracle; worthf, 
valuef, virtuet- Meini gwyrth, pre- 
cious stones 
tgwyrthfawr, a, of great virtue; precious 
gwyrthiol, a, miraculous ; virtuousf 
tgwyrthwyn, a, of blessed virtue 
tgwyry{dd), gweryddon, nf, virgin 
tgwyrydd, a, virgin, chaste 
gwyryf -on, nc, virgin, maid ; bachelor 



tgwyryt, a, virgin, fresh, pure, untainted. 
Ymenyn gwyryf (dial, gwyrdd), un- 
salted butter 
gwyrytdod, n, virginity; chastity; celi- 
bacy 
gwyryf dy, dai, n, nunnery 
gwyryfol, a, virgin, maiden 
tgwyryng, np, maggots, warbles, bots 
gwŷs, gwysion, ;;/, notice ; summons 
gwŷs, V, it is known (gwyddys) 
tgwŷs, n, a pig 

tgwysg, n, track, trail, wake. Yn wysg 
ei ben, headlong. Yn wysg ei gefn, 
backwards. Yn eu hwysg, after them 
gwysiad, n, summoning, summons 
tgwysigen -nau, nf, blister, bladder 
gwysio, V, to summon, to cite 
gwyslythyr -au, n, writ of citation 
tgwystfll -aid -ed, n, wild beast 
gwystl -on, n, pledge, gage, pawn, 

earnest; hostage 
gwystleiriaeth, nf, pledge, mortgage 
gwystlo, V, to pledge, to pawn, to hypo- 
thecate 
gwystloriaeth, nf, pledge, mortgage 
gwystlwr, wyr, n, pawner, pledger 
gwystno, V, to become dry, to wither, to 

flag, to become fagged 
tgwystyn, a, withered, dried : n, stump 
tgŵyth, n, anger, wrath, indignation 
tgwyth -i, nf, channel; drain; vein; 

muscle 
tgwythaint, tgwythawd, n, anger, in- 
dignation 
gwythen -nau, nf, vein, duct 
gwythennog, a, having veins, veiny 
gwythennol, a, of veins, venous 
tgwythi, n, gristle 
gwythi, np, veins ; muscles. Cw'.wm 

givythi, cramp 
gwythlen -nau, nf, vein, blood-vessel 
gwythig, a, pertainuig to veins or 

muscles. Cwlwtn gwythig, cramp 
tgwythlid, n, fury 
tgwythlon, a, wrathful, angry, furious, 

fierce 
tgwythlonedd, n, ire, anger, fury 
tgwytho, V, to irritate ; to throb 
gwythog, a, veiny 
tgwythog, tgwythol, a, wrathful, angry, 

raging 
gwyw, a, withered, faded, sear; feeble 
gwywder, n, witheredness, fadedness 
gwywedig, a, withered, sear 

2.13 



GWY 

gwywlyd, a, withering, drooping, lan- 
guishing, feeble, faint 
gwywo, V, to wither, to fade 
gyd. See cyd 
gyda, gydag (permanent mutation of 

cyda), pr, with; besides. Yngltyd a, 

together witii 
:avi()j^ gyddt gam, a, wry-necked: n, wryneck 
ffÿîârwyneb, tsyfeiryd, ad, opposite 
gyferbyn, ad, over against ; opposite 
gygu, V, to frown, to scowl, to lower 
gygus, a, frowning, scowling 
tgylf -au, tgylfant, fannau, n, bill, beak 
gylfgragen, gregyn, «/, scallop-shell 
gylfin -od, ;;, hill, beak 
gylfinaid, eidiau, n, beakful 
gylfinbraff, n, the cross-beak 
gylfingam, a-, hook-beaked 
gylfingroes, n, the cross-beak 
gylfinhir, n, the curlew 
gylfinog, nf, daffodil 
tgylfog, ÍÎ, having a beak 
tgylyf -au, «.sickle, reaping-hook; sword 
gymio, ", to gum 
gyndwll, dyllau, n, port-liole 
gynfad -au, n, gunboat 
tGynheu, fGynhon, np, Scandinavians. 

See Gynt 
gynneu, ad, a little while ago, just now 
gynnwr, gynwyr, gynnydd, gynyddion, 

n, gunner 
gynog, a, gowned, gynogion, gownsmen 
gynt (mutation of cynt), ad, formerly, 

of yore 
tGyni, np, the Scandinavians (from 

Lat. Gentes, the Gentiles= Pagans) 
tgyr, pr= gei 
gyr -roedd, n, drive ; impulse ; onset ; 

attack ; drove 
tgyrdd-der, n, strength, might, courage, 

fortitude 
gyrddwynt -oedd, n, hurricane, tornado 
gyrfa -oedd, tâu, feydd, nf, race; course; 

career; drove 
gyrfarch, felrch, n, race-horse 
tgyrfëydd, n, driver 
gyriad, n, driving 

gyriedydd -ion, n, driver, coachman 
gyrnat, n, gurnard 
gyrru, v, to drive ; to race ; to send, to 

convey, to dispatch; to forge (metal) 
gyrrwr, gyrwyr, «, driver; sender 
tgyrth, a, driven, beaten 
tgyrthio, v, to push ; to butt = yrthio 



HAE 

gyrwynt -oedd, n, tornado, hurricane 
tgysb, n, staggers ; black-beetle 
gysblys, n, water hemlock, dropwort 
tgystig, a=ystig 
gystlys, ;i, tansy 
tgyth -ion, ;;, murmur 

H 

ha, i, ha ' hey ! Ha ha ! ha ha ! 

tha, n, strife 

thab, )i=hap 

thabrsiwn, n, coat of mail, habergeon 

hac -iau, nf, cut, notch, hack 

hacio, V, to hack, to cut 

thacnai, neiod, n. hackney 

hacru, thacràu, v, to become ugly ; to 

mar, to disfigure 
hacrwch, n, ugliness 
had -au, en (hedyn, n, f-en, nf), seed 
thadl, a, rotten, corrupt, decayed; 

addled 
thadledd, n, rottenness, corruption 
hadlestr -i, n, seed-vessel, ovary 
hadlif, n, gonorrhoea, spermatorrhoea 
thadlog, a, corrupt, decayed 
fhadlu, V, to decay, to corrupt 
thadlyd, a, rotten, corrupt; addled; 

frail, perishable, evanescent 
hadog, a, having seed, seedy 
hadol, a, of seed, seminal 
hados, np, small seeds; seedlings; germs 
hadred, n, gonorrhoea 
hadu, V, to seed, to run to seed 
hadwr, wyr, n, seedsman ; sower 
hadyd, en, seed-corn; also used of seed- 
potatoes 
thaddef -au, nf, dwelling, home (addef) 
thaeach, fhayach, ad, almost, well-nigh, 

nearly; hardly, scarcely; much; any 

longer 
thaeachen, ad, dim. of haeaeh 
haearn, p!. heyrn, n. iron: a, iron, 

of iron. Haearn hwrw, cast iron. 

Haearn gyr, wrought iron 
haearnaidd, a, like iron 
haearnddu, a & n, iron-black 
haearnllyd, a, ferruginous 
haearnol, a, (of) iron 
haearnu, v, to do with iron, to iron 
haearnwr, wyr, haearnydd -ion, n, a 

dealer in iron, ironmaster, ironmonger 
thaechen, ad= haeachen 
haedd -ion, nf, reachf; merit 
haeddbarch, a, respectable ; meritorious 
'34 



HAE 

haeddedigaeth -au, nf. desert, merit 

haeddedigol, a, meritorious 

thaeddel -i, nf, plough handle. Yr 
Hiieddel, Charles's Wain 

haeddiannol, a, mpiitorious, deserving; 
merited, deserved 

haeddiant, iannau, n, merit, desert 

haeddol, fl= haeddiannol 

haeddu, v, to reacht, to attaint; to 
graspt; to deserve, to merit 

haeërnin, a, of iron 

hael, a, generous, liberal 

haelder, thaeledd, n, generousness, gen- 
erosity, liberality 

haelfrydedd, n, generosity, liberality 

haelfrydig, a, generous, liberal 

haelioni, n, generosity, liberality, muni- 
ficence, bounty 

haelionus, a, generous, liberal, muni- 
ficent, bountiful 

haelionusrwydd, n, generosity, liberality 

haels, up (-en, nf), shot 

haen -au, w/, layer, stratum; fold; seam 

haenen -nau, nf, layer, film 

haeniad, n, stratification 

haenu, v, to put in layers, to stratify 

thaer, a, importunate, persistent, stub- 
born 

haeriad -au, n, assertion 

haerllug, a, importunate ; impudent 

haerllugo, v, to importune 

haerllugrwydd, h, importunity; im- 
pudence 

haeru, v, to affirm, to assert, to insist 

haf -au, n, summer 

hafaidd, a, summer-like, summery, aesti- 
va] 

hafal, a, like, similar ; equal 

hafan, fhafn, nf, haven, port, har- 
bour 

fhatar, n, land fallowed in summer 

hafdy, dai, n, summer-house 

hafddydd, n, summer's day 

haflug, n, abundance, plenty; troop, 
crew, rabble 

hafn -au, nf, hollow, gorge, ravine 

hafod -ydd, nf, summer dwelling; dairy, 
farm 

hafodwr, wyr, n, occupant of hafod, 
dairyman 

hafog, n, waste, havoc, devastation ; 
abundancet 

bafol, a, of summer, aestival 

bafotwr, wyr, n, dairyman 



HAL 

haioty, tai, n, summer residence ; dairy- 
house 
thafr, thytr, n, gelded goat 
hafu, V, to become summer; to summer 
haft -iau, n, snatch, catch 
hafflad, ;;, handful 
haffio, V, to snatch, to seize 
hafîlaid, n, bundle, handful 
hafflau, n, lap, grasp, clutches 
thagab, n, a kind of edible locust men- 
tioned in Lev. xi. 22 (Hebrew) 
thagen, c, but, yet, however 
thagnai, eiod, n, hackney 
hagr, a, ugly, unseemly 
hagrn, v, to mar, to disfigure 
hagrwch, hagredd, n, ugliness 
thang, a, shattered 

hai, exclani. or int., quick, make haste : 
n, hurry, flurry. Hai how, heigh-ho ! 
alas ! Hai(h)wchw, hallo ! 
haid, heidiau, nf, swarm, throng, flock, 

drove, horde 
haidd, heiddiau, n & en, barley 
haig, heigiau, nf, shoal, multitude 
fhall, heiliau, nf, a draught of a bever- 
age; service; bounty 
haint, heintiau, heiniau, n & nf, disease, 
sirknes?; infection; pestilence, plague, 
epidemic; distemper, fit, faint (S.W.). 
— y nodau, the plague. fYr haint 
mawr, leprosy 
thair, a, long, tedious 
thai, n, salt{s) in chemistry (factitious) 
hala, V, to send, to drive ; to spend ; 

to make, to occasion (S.W.) 
thalaen, ;! = halen 
thalaenwr, wyr, n, salt-man, sailer 
thalaeth, thalaethu= helaeth, helaethu 
thalan, n, salt(s) in chemistry (arbi- 
trary) 
hald, n, jolt, jerk ; rough trot 
haldian, v, to jolt ; to ] va ; to reel 
ialeliwia, i & nf, hallelujah, alleluia 
halen, u, salt, brine 
halenaidd, a, salty, saltish, saline 
halendy, dai, n, salt-house 
halenog, a, abounding in salt ; saline 
halenu, v, to turn to salt; to salt 
halenwr, wyr, n, Salter, salt-merchant 
halio, V, to haul, to drag (' hale ') 
thaliw, n, saliva, spittle 
halog, halogedig, a, polluted, defiled 
thalogedigaeth, nf, defilement, filthiness 
(Ezra vi. 21) ; profanation (Judithiv. 3) 
23s 



HAL 






4a iX^ t^^^<^ 



HAU 



thalogedigrwydd, «= halogedigaeth 
halogi, V, to defile, to profane, to pollute 
halogiad, n, pollution, profanation 
halogrwydd, n, pollution, corruption, 

defilement 
halogwr, wyr, n, defiler, profaner 
thalsiad, n, quantity ('halsing') 
thalsing -au -od, n, carol 
thalwyn, n, brine 
hallt, a, salt, salty, saline, briny; severe. 

Talu yn hallt, to pay dearly 
halltaidd, a, saltish, salty 
halltedd, fhalltineb, halltrwydd, helltni, 

11, saltness, saltiness 
halltu, V, to salt 

halltwr, wyr, helltydd -ion, «, salter 
ham -iau, n/, ham 
hambwrdd, byrddau, n, tray 
hambygio, v, to humbug, to molest, to 

ill-treat 
hamdden, n/, leisure, respite 
hamddenol, a, leisurely, deliberate. 

Oriau hamddenol, leisure hours 
thamddenu, v, to make or take respite 
hamog -au, «/, hammock 
hamper -i -ydd, «/, hamper 
hamperaid, eidiau, «/, hamper(ful) 
thanbwyllo, v, to remember, to mention; 

to pause 
thanbych, fhanpych, fhenflych, v, may- 

est thou be so ; hail ! 
hances, cetsi, ;;/, handkerchief (N.W. 

dial.) 
thandid, v, let it be 
thandoedd, v, it has been, it was 
thandyfydd, v, it will be 
thandym, v, we are 
thanddenu, v, to have leisure 
hanedig, a, derived, descended, han- 

edigion, derivatives 
hanercof, a, half-witted 
thanereg, n/, moiety ; half share or 

part ; flitch ; hall-measure 
hanergrwn, grynion, n, hemisphere : a, 

half round, hemispherical 
hanergylch -au, n, semicircle : a, semi- 
circular, half round 
hanerob -au, nf, flitch of bacon 
hanerog, a, by halves, half and half, 

partial 
hanersain, seiniau, nj, semitone 
haneru, v, to halve, to divide in two 
hanes -ion,» & nf, history; story, tale; 
account, narrative, report 



hanesgerdd -i, nf, epic poem 

hanesiaeth, nf, history 

hanesu, v, to write history, to narrate 

hanesydd -ion, haneswyr, ;;, historian 

hanesyddiaeth, ))/, history 

hanesyddol, a, historical 

hanesyddu, v, to record or relate history 

hanesyn -nau, w, anecdote ; short story 

hanfod, n, existence, being; essence: 
V, to exist ; to issue, to be descended 
or derived 

hanfodi, ?>= hanfod 

hanfodiad, n, being, existence 

hanfodol, a, essential 

thanfydded, v, let it be 

thanffod, n= hanfod 

haniad, n, derivation, descent 

banner, erau, n, half, moiety: a & ad, 
half. — dydd, midday, noon. — nos, 
midnight 

thanoedd, v, was, was descended 

hanu, V, to proceed, to be derived ; to 
be descended (factitious from hanfod) 

thanyw, thenyw, v, is (inf. hanfod) 

hap -iau, nf, hap, lurk, chance, fortune 

hapio, V, to happen, to chance 

hapus, a, happy, comtortable 

hapusrwydd, n, happiness, comfort 

harbwr, «, harbour 

hardd, a, handsome, beautiful, comely 

tharddedd, fharddineb, n=harddwch 

tharddfaeth, a, well-bred 

tharddhau, i;=harddu 

harddu, v, to adorn, to beautify, to 
grace, to embellish 

hardd wch, n, handsomeness, beauty 

harddwisg -oedd, nf, fine raiment; or- 
naments 

thargol, M, a kind of edible locust men- 
tioned in Lev. xi. 22 (Hebrew) 

ham, n, iron (haearn) 

harnais, eisiau, n, harness, trappings 

harneisio, v, to harness 

haru, V, for darfu. Be haru ti?=Beth 
ddarfu i ti? What is the matter 
with you ? (colloq.) 

hast, nf, haste 

hastu, n, to hasten, to hurry 

hastus, a, hasty, hurried 

bailing -au -od, nf, mite, half a farthing 
(Mark xii. 42) 

hau, V, to sow, to disseminate 

haul, heuliau, n & ;i/t, sun 

hauwr, n = heuwr 

236 



HAW 

thawc, n, hawk; hero 

hawc -iau, f, (plasterer's) hawk; hod 

hawcaid, eidiau, «/, hawkful; hodful 

hawc(i)wr, wyr, n, hawkboy; hodman 

thawd, n, whisk, sweep 

hawdd, a, easy, facile, feasible; prosper- 
ous 

hawddamor, n & i. good luck, welcome 

hawddamori, v. to wish good luck, to 
welcome 

hawddfyd, n, ease, pleasure, happiness ; 
prosperity 

hawddgar, a, lovely, amiable, lovable 

hawddgarwch, n, loveliness, amiability 

thawddgof, a=liygof 

thawg, n, hawk 

hawg, rtá=rhawg, yrhawg 

hawi -iau, holion, «/, demand; claim; 
suit; right; questionf. Hawl ac ateh, 
question and answer 

hawlblaid, bleidiau, nf, plaintiff 

hawlfraint, freintiau, nf, privilege, right; 
concession; copyright 

hawüo, V, to claim, to demand 

hawl(i)wr, wyr, hawlydd -ion, n, claim- 
ant, plaintiff 

thawnt, n, haunt 

haws, hawsach, a, easier (comp. of 
hawdd). Beth uyf haws? what am 
I the better ? 

hawster, hawstra, n, ease, facility 

hawyr bach! i of surprise, &c. (S.W.) 

thayach, ad, almost, well-nigh; much; 
any longer (Gal. iii. i8) 

the, n, seed 

head, n, sowing, dissemination 

theb, eb, febyr, v, said (he or she) 

heb, py, pastf; beside(s); by; without, 
void of. hebot, hebot, hebddo, heb- 
ddi, &c., without me, &c. ^Heb 
waethaf, in spite of 

thebenus, n=ebenus 

hebgor, v. See hepgor 

heblaw, pr, beside(s) ; other than 

heboca, v, to hunt with a hawk, to hawk 

hebog -au, n, hawk, falcon 

heboglys, n, the hawkweed 

hebogydd -ion, n, hawker, falconer 

hebogyddiaeth, nf, falconry 

hebogyn, n, young hawk 

theboir, ad, without delay ; at once 
[heb ohir) 

thebr, v, (he) said 

Hebraeg, nf & a, Hebrew 



HBF 

Hebreaidd, a, Hebraic 
Hebrëes -au, nf, Hebrew woman 
Hebrelg, a, Hebrew. Hebraic 
Hebreigiaeth -au, nf, Hebraism 
Hebreigydd -ion, n, Hebraist, Hebrew 

scholar 
Hebrëwr, wyr, n, a Hebrew 
hebrwng, v, to bring, to lead, to con- 
duct, to convey, to accompany, to 
escort 
hebryngfa -oedd, feydd, nf, place of 

conduct (Isa. vii. 25) 
thebryngiad, laid, hebryngydd -ion, n, 

leader, guide, conductor 
thebu, V, to speak, to say 
hecyn, n, small notch (dim. of hac) 
thêd, nf, hat; garland 
thed, pr= hyd 
hedeg, v, to fly; to run to seed: n, 

flight, flying 
hedegog, a, having flight, flying, volant; 
soaring ; lofty ; aspiring ; high-flown 
hedfa, feydd, nf, flight, course 
hedfan, v, to fly ; to hover 
thedfanog, a, flying 
hediad, n, flight 
hedion, np, light corn ; chaff 
hedlam -au, n, flying leap 
hednaid, neidiau, nf, fljang junap 
hedwr, wyr, hedydd -ion, n, flyer 
hedydd, n=ehedydd 
hedyn, n. single seed; germ 
hedd, II, peace, tranquillity (mostly poet.) 
heddaberth -au, n, peace-offering 
heddgeidwad, waid, n, constable, police 

officer 
heddi, ad, to-day (S.W.) = heddiw 
heddiw, the earlier form of heddyw 
heddlu, en, police force 
heddswyddog -ion, n, police ofiicer 
heddwas, weision, n, policeman, con- 
stable 
heddwch, n, peace, quiet, tranquillity 
fheddychfa, nf, appeasement, pacifica- 
tion, propitiation, reconciliation 
heddychlon, a, peaceful, peaceable 
heddychol, a, peaceable, pacific 
heddycholdeb, n, peaceableness 
heddychu, v, to pacify, to appease 
heddychwr, wyr, n, pacifier, peacemaker 
heddynad -on, fheddyngnad, aid, n, 

justice of the peace 
heddyw, ad, to-day (rightly heddiw) 
thefelig, a=hefelydd 

«37 



HEF 

thef elychiad, «= ef elychiad 

thefelychu, i> = efelychu 

hefelydd, a, equal; like, similar 

thefelys, a, similar, like 

Hefiaid, np, Hivites 

hefìn, Í/, relating to summer, aestival. 
Alban hcfin, summer solstice 

thefis -au, n, smock, shift 

hefo, efo, pr, with (N.W.) 

hefyd, ad, also, besides; eitherf 

heffer, pi. heflrod, nf, heifer 

thegar, etc. See hygar 

hegl -au, nf, leg, limb, shank; plough 
handle 

hegiog, íT, leggy; long-legged 

heglu, V, to foot it, to ' hook it ' 

heng, i, implying a threat : n, threat- 
ening; apprehension, dread 

heibio, ad, past, by, beside, aside. 
Heibio i, past 

heidio, V, to swarm, to teem, to throng, 
to flock 

heidiog, rt, swarming, teeming 

heidiol, a, swarming, flocking, thronging 

heidden, nf, heiddyn, >i, barleycorn, 
grain of barley 

heigio, V, to shoal, to teem, to swarm 

heigiog, a, teeming 

theilgorn, gyrn, n, drinking-horn 

jheilin, theilyn -ion, n, waiter, servitor, 
cup-bearer, butler 

theilio, V, to pour out, to serve 

theilydd -ion, n, one who serves, waiter 

theilyddiaeth, fheilyniaeth, nf, the office 
of a waiter 

fheilyr -ion -on, n, waiter, salver, tray 

heini, heinif, a, active, lively, nimble, 
brisk, vigorous 

theiniar, fheniar, n, (corn) crop; pro- 
duce 

heintfan -nau, ;;/, plague-spot 

heintio, theinio, v, to infect 

heintus, theinus, heintiog, fheiniog, 
heintiol, a, diseased; infectious, con- 
tagious, epidemic, pestilential 

heislan -od, ;;/, hackle 

heislanu, v, to hackle flax 

theistain, einiau, nf, strickle (for scythes) 

heisyllt, nf, hackel 

hel, V, to gather, to collect, to accumu- 
late; to send, to drive, to chase. Hel 
at, to run down, to asperse (colloq.). 
helion, scrapings 

hela, V, to hunt. Cŵn hela, hounds 



HEL 

helaeth, a, large, wide, ample, extensive; 

abundant 
helaethder, helaethdra, n, largeness, 

amplitude, spaciousness, abundance 
helaethiad, helaethiant, n, amplifica- 
tion, enlargement 
helaethrwydd, n, amplitude, abundance 
belaethu, v, to enlarge, to amplify, to 

extend 
helaethwych, a, abundant, sumptuous 

(Luke xvi. 19) 
helbul -on, n, trouble, adversity, afiflic- 

tion 
belbulus, a, full of trouble ; troubled, 

disquieted, distressed 
fhelbwl, w= helbul 
heleyd, v, to hunt, to pursue, to chase; 

to gad : n, worry, trouble 
heldir -oedd, n, hunting ground, game 

land 
heldrin -oedd, n & nf, trouble, bother, 

bustle, fuss, hullabaloo 
theledd -au, nf, salt-pit, brine-pit 
helfa, fâu, feydd, nf, a hunting; hunt. 

Helfa bysgod, a catch of fish (Luke 

V. 9) 
helfarch, feirch, n, hunter 
heltfon, fîyn, ;;/, hunting-pole 
helgi, gwn, n, hound 
helgig, n, venison 
helgorn, gyrn, n, hunting-horn 
heli, n, brine, salt water 
heliaidd, a, brackish; saline 
heliwr, wyr, n, hunter, huntsman; 

gatherer 
helm -au, nf, helm, helmet 
helm -ydd -i, nf, (round) stack, rick; 

(open) shed 
helmog, a, wearing a helmet, helmeted 
helmu, V, to rick, to stack 
helogan, nf, celery 
help, n, help, aid, assistance (Job xxx. 

15) 
heipio, V, to help, to aid, to assist (Luke 

•^- 40) 
helpu, t)= heipio 

helpwr, wyr, n helper (2 Mace. xi. 10) 
helw, n, an old and dialect form of elw 
heiwriaeth, ;;/, game, hunting; the chase; 

thely, V, to gather; to hunt = hela 
thelyddion, np, huntsmen 
helyg, lip (-en, ;;/), willows 
helygiys. n, willow-herb 



HEL 

helygog, a, willowy: nf, place where 
willows grow, willow-brake 

fhelygos, np, willows 

helynt -ion -iau -oedd, nf, courset, jour- 
neyt; condition, state (Col. iv. 7) ; 
trouble, difficulty; fuss, bother, to-do; 
business 

helyntus a, troublous, vicissitudinous 

then, af, ugly : m. hyll 

helltni, n, saltiness, saltness 

helltydd -ion, n, salter 

hem -iau, nf, hem, border 

hemic, v, to hem, to border 

themyn, n, ri\et 

hen, a, old, aged ; of old, ancient ; of long 
standing. It frequently expresses de- 
preciation. ]Ve-H hen gynefiiio, long 
accustomed. Yr hen, the aged. Hen 
oe^oedd, former or remote ages, an- 
tiquity 

henadur -iaid, n, alderman; elderf 

Henaduriad, iaid, wyr, n, Presbyterian 

henaduriaeth -au, nf, eldership ; presby- 
tery 

Henaduriaeth, nf, Presbyterianism 

Henadurol, a, Presbyterian 

henafgwr, gwyr, ;i = hynafgwr 

henafiaeth, K/=hynaüaeth 

henafol, «, an^-ient, antique 

henaint, n, old age, senility; antiquity}- 

henc, n, limp 

hencian, v, to limp 

hendad -au, n, grandfather; forefather 

hendaid, deidiau, n, great-grandfather; 
forefather 

bender, n, oldness (Rom. vii. 6) 

hendraul, a, old and worn, threadbare 

hendref -i -ydd, nt, established habita- 
tion ; winter dwelling 

hendrefa, v, to winter 

hendrist, a, old and sad 

hendrwm, a, rank, stale, musty 

thenddwfr, nf, ditch, moat 

theneddyf, n, old resident 

thenefydd, fhenydd -ion, n, senator; 
alderman, councillor; elder 

heneiddio, v, to grow old, to age 

heneiddiol, a, ageing 

henfam -au, nf, grandmother 

thenfon, nf, (old) cow 

thenfona, v, to deal in cows 

henflel, a, precocious; cunning, crafty 

thenffych ! thenflych well ! i, hail ! 
See also under hanbych 



HER 

thenffydd, v, it will be 

hengall, a, 'old-fashioned,' precocious 

thengleirch, n, decrepit old man 

hengof -ion, n, old tradition 

hengrafî, a, astute, cute, shrewd 

thenhau, v, to grow old, to age 

theniar, n. See heiniar 

henllydan, n, the plantain 

hennain, neiniau, nf, great-grandmother 

heno, ad, to-night 

henoed, n, old age 

fhenoeth, ad=heno 

thenu, V, to grow old, to a'^e 

thenuonha, v. See henfona 

thenur, n=henwr 

henuriad, iaid, ;;, elder, presbyter 

henuriaeth, nf, presbytery (i Tim. iv. 14) 

thenw -au, n, name = enw 

fhenwi, v, to name=enwi 

henwr, wyr, n, old man 

fhenyn, n, an old person 

fhenyw, thanyw, v, is (inf. hanfod) 

heol -ydd, nf, street, road, way. ■\Heol 
y Gwynt, the Milky Way 

heolan -au, );/, lane, alley 

theor -ion, n, anchor 

theorol, a, anchored, at anchor 

hepgor, V, to spare, to go or do without, 
to dispense with; to omit 

hepgor -ion, n, what may be dispensed 
with 

hepian, v, to slumber, to doze 

her -iau, nf, push ; challenge 

herawd, n, defiance, challenge 

Iherber, nf, arbour, summer-house; gar- 
den (herbarium); shelter 

here -iau, nf, hop ; limp. Here a chain 
a iiaid, hop, skip, and jump 

hercian, v, to limp ; to hop, to hobble 

thercyd, v, to reach; to fetch 

therddyll, a, handsome 

heresi, iau, nf, heresy 

heretic -iaid, n, heretic fTit iii. 10) 

hereticaidd, a, heretical 

herfeiddio, v, to dare, to brave, to defy 

herfeiddiol, a, daring, defiant 

hergloff, a, hmping, halting 

hergod, n, monster, ' whopper' 

hergwd, n, push, thrust, shove, lunge 

thergydio, v, to reach 

herian, herio, v, to challenge, to dare, 
to brave, to defy 

heriog, a, defiant, stubborn 

heriwr, wyr, n, challenger 

239 



HER 

therlid, v= erlid 

therlidiwr, wyi, n=erlidiwr 

theiiod -au, n, stripling, lad (Gen. 

Xlii. 22) 

herlodes -i, nf, damsel, girl 

therlotwas, n, youth, stripling 

fherlotyn, lotiaid, n, mere stripling 

herllyd, a, defiant, stubborn 

thermidwr, wyr, n, hermit 

therod(r) -on, ti, herald 

therodraeth, «/, heraldry 

herw, II, scouting; raid; wandering; out- 
lawry. At herw, roving; outlawed, 
banished (2 Mace. x. 15) 

herwa, v, to rove, to scout, to raid, to 
prowl 

herwhela, v, to poach (game) 

herwheliwr, wyr, n, poacher 

herwlong -au, nf, pirate ship, privateer, 
rover 

theiwm, n, the gloss of dressed leather 

herwr, wyr, n, rover, scout, prowler, 
fugitive; robber; outlaw, 'banished 
one ' (2 Sam. xiv. 13, 14) 

herwrlaeth, nf, vagrancy, outlawry 

herwth, u/, rectum; rump; nombles 

herwydd, pr, according tot, in the man- 
ner off; byf. herwydd, because of, 
on account of; for. O'r herwydd, on 
that account. Yn herwydd, according 
to. Yn ÔI yr herwydd, on an average. 
Pa herwydd ? Why ? ^Herwydd {ger- 
fydd) ei draed, by his feet. ^Herwydd 
y cyfarwyddyd, according to the story 

hesb, «/, dried up, dry, barren : m. hysb 

hesben -nau, nf, hasp 

hesbin -od, nf, yearling ewe 

hesbin(h)wch, hychod, nf, young sow 

hesbio, V, to dry, to be dried 

hesbwrn, yrniaid, n, a young sheep 

hesg, lip (-en, nf), sedges, rushes 

hesglif -iau, nf, whip-saw 

thesgyn -nau, u, sieve, riddle 

thesor -au, nf, hassock, pad 

hestor -au, nf, two-busliel measure 

hestoraid, eidiau, nf, two bushelfuls 

het -iau, nf, hat (2 Mace. iv. 12) 

hêt, n, heat (in a race) 

hetiwr, wyr, n, hatter 

thetys, n, short space, while, instant 

heth, nf, severe winter weather 

Hethiaid, np, Hittites 

heu, ", to sow (archaic and dial.) 

heuad, n, sowing, dissemination 



HIN 

heuldes, n, sun-heat, sunshine 

heulen, ;;/, partial sunshine 

heulfynag, aig, n, sun-dial 

heul-len -ni, nf, sunshade 

heulo, V, to shine (as the sun) ; to sun 

heulog, a, sunny, sunshiny 

heulorsaf -oedd, nf, solstice 

heulrawd, n, the echptic 

theulrhod -au, nf, parasol ; cap, hat 

heulwen, nf, sunshine 

theulyd, a, sunny 

heuslau, np (-leuen, nf), sheep-lice 

theusor -ion, n, herdsman; shepherd 

heuwr, wyr, n, sower 

thew, n, call of defiance, challenge 

hewl, n/=heoI 

thëwr, tliewr, »; = heuwr 

heyrn, a &. n, pi. of haearn 

hi, pn, she, her ; it 

thicell -Ì, nf, long-handled bill 

bic-hac, a, bungling and hesitating 

hicio, V, to hack, to slit 

hicyn -nau, n, slit 

hid, n, heed, dependence 

hidio, V, to heed, to mind 

hidl, a, distilling; shedding, pouring. 

Wylo yn hidl, to weep abundantly 

(Isa. XV. 3) 
hidl -au, nf, strainer, sieve, colander 
thidlaid, a, distilling, dropping; copious, 

abundant 
hidIo, V, to distil, to drop, to run ; to 

strain, to filter 
hidlon, lip, droppings 
hidlwr, wyr, n, sifter, strainer 
hidlyr -on, n, filter 
Hierosolymitaniad, laid, n, Jerusalemite 

(John vii. 25) 
hifio, ;', to strip wool off the skin ; to 

pluck, to pull, to tear 
hiflwr, wyr, n, stripper, plucker 
hiffio, V, t<i cast flakes ; to drift 
thifflaid, thifflo, v, to gush, to spurt 
hifîyn, n, a snowflake 
hil -ion, nf, seed, issue, progeny, off- 
spring, race, lineage, posterity 
thiliant, M=hil 
thilig, a, productive, procreative : n, 

offspring, issue 
hilio, V, to bring forth, to increase or 

multiply, to teem, to breed 
hiliog, a, teeming 

hiliogaeth, nf, offspring, issue, posterity 
hin, nf, weather ; temperature 
240 



HIN 

hindro, v, to hinder 

hindrus, a, obstructive; unsettled (of 
weather) 

hindda, «/, fair weather 

hinfynag, fynaig hinfynegydd -ion, n, 
barometer 

hiniog -au, nf, threshold = rhiniog 

hinon, nf, fine weather 

hinoni, v, to clear up, to be fine 

hinsawdd, soddau, nf, climate 

hinsoddol, a, climatic 

hip -iau, n, tap, rap 

hipio, V, to tap, to tip 

hir, a, long, tedious, dilatory: px. long 

hiraeth, n, longing, yearning; grief, 
sorrow; home-sickness 

hiraethlon, a, full of longing, sorrowful 

thiraethog, fhiraethol, «=hiraethus 

hiraethu, v, to long, to yearn; to grieve 
for, to sorrow; to miss anyone or 
anything very much 

hiraethus, a, longing, yearning, sorrow- 
ful; home-sick 

hirbarhad, n, perseverance, diligence 

hirbarhau, v, to persevere 

hirbarhaus, a, persevering, diligent, 
constant 

hirbeü, a, very far, distant. O hirbell, 
from afar 

hirben, a, long-headed, shrewd 

hirbraff, a, long and great (Isa. xxvii. i) 

hirder, n, length 

hirddydd -iau, n, long day 

thirell, n. See hiriell 

hirtain, «, long and slender 

hirfaith, a, long, prolonged, protracted; 
tedious 

hirfys -edd, n, the middle finger 

hirglust, a, long-eared 

hirgrwn, n, cylinder, ellipse: am, cylin- 
drical, elliptical : /. hirgron 

hirgul, a, long and narrow ; oblong 

hirgylch -oedd -au, n, ellipse 

thirhau, v, to lengthen, to prolong 

hirheglyn, heglod, », long-legged spider 

hirhoedledd, n, longevity 

hirhoedlog, a, long-lived 

thirian, n, tall lank person 

thiriannu, v, to prolong 

fhiriant, n, length, delay 

thiriell, thirell, n, beam of light ; angel 

thirio, V, to lengthen, to prolong 

thirlidio, V, to bear anger long 

hirllaes, a, long (Ex. xix. 13) 
16 



HOE 
hirnod -au, n, circumflex accent 
hirnodi, v, to mark with a circumflex 
hirnos -au, nf, long night 
thirnych, n & a, pining, wasting 
thirnychdod, n, chronic disorder 
thirwst, nf, perseverance 
hirwyntog, a, long-winded 
hir-ymarhous, a, longsuffering (2 Pet. 

iii. 9) 
hir-ymaros, u, longsuffering (2 Cor. vi. 6) 
fhirynt, nf, long while (Mr hynt) 
Hisbaenaidd, a, Spanish 
Hisbaeneg, nf, Spanish 
Hisbaenwr, wyr, n, Spaniard 
hisian, v, to hiss 
fhislan, M/=heislan 
hislen, lod, n, sheep-tick 
histori, îau, nf, history, story, narrative 

(2 Chron. xxiv. 27) 
historîol, a, historical 
historîwr, wyr, n, historian 
hitio, hidio, V, to heed, to mind 
hithau, pn.c, she, her. See chwithau 
hiwmor, nf, humour 
ho, I, ho ! hallo ! oh ! 
hob, hobau, n, measure of capacity 

varying with locality 
thôb, hobau, n, swine 
hobaid, eidiau, nf, contents of hob; peck 
thobel -au, nf, dart, bolt 
hobelu, V, to hop, to hobble 
hobi, », hobby 
hobian, v, to hobble 
thobyn, n, deal at cards 
thoc, nf, scythe for cutting brambles 
hoced -ion, nf, cheat, deceit, juggle, 

fraud, humbug 
hocedu, V, to cheat, to trick, to defraud, 

to humbug 
hocedus, a, roguish 
hocedwr, wyr, n, cheat, trickster, rogue, 

charlatan, quack, fraud 
thocreîl -od, nf, girl, maiden, wench 
thocrellwr, wyr, n, wencher 
hocys, nf}, mallows, althas 
hodi, V, to shoot, to ear 
hoe, n, breathing-space, respite, rest 

(S.W.) 
fhoed, n, grief, sorrow, longing 
hoeden -nod, nf, flirt, coquette, hoyden, 

minx 
hoedennaidd, a, hoydenish 
hoedl -au, nf, hfetime, life 
fhoedli, V, to live 

241 



IfLAJ^/^i^Sj^' 



HOE 



HON 



hoedlog, a, animate, living 

hoel -ion, «/, nail, spike; peg. Hoel dro, 
screw. Hoelion wyih, large nails; 
eminent persons, ' big guns ' 

hoelbren -nau, n, peg, pin 

hoelen, n/, a nail 

hoelio, V, to nail, to rivet 

hoeliwr, wyr, n, nailer 

hoen, ;i/, joy, gladness ; vigour ; liveli- 
ness, sprightliness, vivacity 

hoender, n, liveliness, sprightliness, vi- 
vacity 

hoeni, v, to liven up 

hoenus, a, blithesome, joyous, gay 

hoenusrwydd, n, liveliness, sprightliness 

hoenyn -nau, n, hair; gin (Ps. cxl. 5), 
springe, snare, trap ; slip 

hoenynnu, v, to set a springe 

hoetio, hoetian, v, to dally ; to dawdle 

fhoeth, a, exposed, naked, bare= noeth 

hoew, a. See hoyw 

hoewal, iif, hovel; cart-house 

thoewal, a, tranquil, gentle 

thoewal, fhoewel, nf, stream, channel, 
current; eddy: a, swirling, eddying 

thoewan, a, weak, feeble 

hof -iau, nf, hoe 

hofel -ydd, nf, hovel 

hofio, V, to hoe 

hofran, v, to hover 

hoff, a, loved, beloved, dear, fond; de- 
sirable, favourite ; marvellousf 

hoffaidd, a, lovable, amiable 

thoffedd, M, pride, boast 

hoffgar, a, lovable, amiable 

holfi, V, to delight in, to love, to like; 
to cherish; to valuef, to appreciate; 
to marvelf, to admiret 

hoffter -au, n, fondness; pleasure, de- 
light; marvelf, admirationf 

hoOus, hoffol, a, lovable, amiable, affec- 
tionate 

thogal, hogalen, nf, whetstone 

hogen -nod, nf, girl, lass 

hogennaidd, a, girlish 

hogennig, nf, httle girl 

hoges -i, nf, girl, lass (S.W.) 

hogfaen, feini, n, hone, whetstone 

hogi, V, to sharpen, to whet, to edge 

thogl -oedd, thogldy, dai, n, hovel, shed 

hoglanc -iau, n, stripling, youth 

hogyn, hogiau, n, boy, lad 

hongian, v, to hang, to dangle 

hoi I i, call of attention 



hoian, v, to call attention : i, hail ! 

hôl, V, to fetch, to go for = no] 

holgar, a, inquisitive, curious 

holi, V, to ask, to question, to inquire, to 
interrogate, to examine, to catechize; 
to demand!, to requiref 

holiad -au, n, interrogation, question 

lioliedydd -ion, n, interrogator; exam- 
iner ; catechist 

holion, np, questions (Acts xxvi. 3): 
s. hawl 

holmio, V, to gad, to gallivant 

holnod -au, «/, note of interrogation (?) 

tholre, a. See holire 

holwr, wyr, n, questioner, interrogator, 
examiner, catechist 

holwyddoreg -au, nf, catechism 

holwyddori, v, to catechize 

holwyddorwr, wyr, n, catechist 

holl, a, all, whole. -fHoll re, all 

hollallu, it, all-power, omnipotence 

hollalluog, a, omnipotent, almighty. 
Yr Hoìlaììtiog, tiie Almighty 

hoUalluowgrwydd, n, omnipotence 

liollbresennol, a, omnipresent, ubiqui- 
tous 

hollbresenoldeb, n, omnipresence, ubi- 
quity 

hollddoeth, a, all-wise 

hollfyd, n, the universe 

hollgyfòethog, a, almighty, all-powerful 

tholU, D=hollti 

holliach, a, perfectly well, whole, sound: 
n, all-heal ; mistletoe 

hollol, a, total, whole, entire, complete, 
absolute; quite, wholly, altogether 

thollre, tholre, a, all, every 

hollt -au, nf, split, slit, cleft, fissure, 
rift, crack 

hoUten -nau, nf, slit 

hollti, V, tospHt, to cleave, to sht, to rift 

holltog, a, full of slits or rifts 

holltwr, wyr, n, splitter 

hoUwybodaeth, nf, omniscience 

hollwybodol, a, omniscient 

homili -au, Iau, nf, homily 

hon, af & pn. See hwn 

hone -iau, nf, shake, wagging, limp 

honcian, honcio, honco, v, to waggle, 
to stagger, to totter; to jolt; to limp 

honedig, a, alleged; knownf; opent, 
publicf. notorioust 

fhonedigaeth, nf, fame, report, notoriety 

thonfas -au, nf, chopping-knife, chopper 
242 



HON 

thonflest -i, nf, coat, tunic, vest 

honiad -au, », affirmation, assertion, as- 
sumption, claim, demand; allegation 

honna, af, that (in sight) : m. hwnna 

fhonnaid, a, known, manifest, well- 
known, widely known, evident, con- 
spicuous, famous, renowned, notor- 
ious (from honni) 

honni, v, to make known, to manifest; 
to publish, to proclaim; to claim, to 
demand; to assert; to allege; to pro- 
fess, to pretend; to become knownf 

honno, af, that (absent) : »1. hwnnw 

honof, honot, bono, honi, honom, hon- 
och, honynt. See ohonof 

thonos, n, gawlvy ; the ling 

thonsel -au, «/. han(d)sel 

hopran -au, «/, mill-hopper; moutli 

hopranu, v, to put in a hopper 

hôr, en (horen, ;;/), swine-lice 

thorgest, nf, fat paunch 

horob -au, nf, flitch of bacon {hanerob) 

horswn, n, scamp, rascal (term of abuse) 

thort -iau, n, hurt; reproach, censure, 
slander, calunmy 

thortair, eirlau, n, calumny, censure 

thortio, V, to hurt ; to reproach, to slan- 
der, to censure 

thortiol, a, hurtful ; slanderous, defama- 
tory ^" 

thortr -au, n, stick, billet, spar 

hosan -au, nf, hose, stocking 

hosaneuwr, wyr, n, hosier 

hosanwr, wyr, n, hosier 

hosio, V, to hoist 

fhotan -au, nf, hood, cap 

how, i, lieigli-ho ! alas ! 

howld, nf, hold (of ship) 

hoyw, a, lively, alert, sprightly, gay, 
bright, smart, active, vigorous 

hoywad, n, brightening, smartening 

hoywdeb, hoywder, n, liveliness, spright- 
liness, brightness, smartness, gaiety 

thoywfudd, a, profitable 

fhoywgorff, a, comely, graceful, lithe, 
lithesome 

hoywi, V, to brighten, to smarten 

fhuad, aid, n, hound 

hual -au, n, fetter, gyve, shackle 

hualog, a, fettered, shackled 

hualu, V, to fetter, to shackle 

huan, nf, the sun 

thuawdr, fl=hyawdr 

hucan -od, nf, sea-gull, sea-fowl 



.^ A) . S^iu;ct^ 



HUM 

huch -ion, nf, thin skin, film 

huchen -nau, nf, film, pellicle = rhuehen 

hud -ion, n, magic, illusion, charm, en- 
chantment 

thudad, n, enticement, allurement, 
temptation 

fhudfawl, a, charming 

hudladrata, v, to swindle 

hudlath -au, nf, magic wand 

hudleidr, ladron, n, swindler 

hudlewyrn, n, will -o* -the -wisp, ignis 
fatuus 

thudlyw, n, governor 

hudo, V, to charm, to allure, to beguile, 
to entice, to deceive, to seduce; to 
produce by magic 

fhudol -ion, n, seducer, enchanter, sor- 
cerer (Deut. xviii. 10) 

hudol, a = hudolus 

hudoles -au, «/, enchantress, sorceress 
(Isa. Ivii. 3) 

hudoliaeth -au, nf, deceitfulness, allure- 
ment, enticement, fascination; en- 
chantment, wizardry, witchcraft 

hudolus, a, alluring, seductive, enticing, 
deceptive 

hudwalch, weilch, n, lure, decoy 

thudwg, n, bugbear, scarecrow (Bar. vi. 
70) 

hudwr, wyr, ti, enticer, allurer 

hudd -ion, n, covert, shade 

huddo, V, to cover, to shade 

huddygl, n, soot 

huddyglyd, a, sooty 

thuenydd, a, spreading sunshine 

hufen, n, cream 

hufennaidd, a, like cream, creamy 

hufennog, a, rich in cieain, cicaniy 

hufennu, v, to form cream, to cream 

thufio, t;=hifio 

thufyll, a, humble, submissive=ufyll 

thufylltod, n, humility 

hug -au,M/, cloak, covering (Jobxxiv. 15) 

hugan -au, nf, cloak, covering; rug, 
carpet 

thugwd, «, spectre, bugbear (hudwg) 

thul -oedd, n, cover, coverlet 

huling -au, n, cover, coverlet, rug 

hulio, V, to cover, to deck. Hulio bwrdd, 
to furnish a table (Prov. ix. 2) 

thult, hultan, n, dolt, mope; blow 

hulyn, n, cover, coverlet, quilt 

thuraan, thumig, fhumog -au, nf 
hand-ball, tennis-ball 

243 



t^.AIUc' ^<K^^mM. 



HU M 

thumanydd -ion, n, ball-player, tennis- 
player 
hun -au, «/, sleep, slumber 
hun. pn, self. Ej ei hun, himself. Ei 

dý ei kitn, his own house 
bunan, n, self, selfishness, egotism 
hunan, ain, pn, self : px, self- 
hunan-aberth, n, self-sacrifice 
hunan-aberthol, a, self-sacrificing 
hunan-aberthu, v, to practise self- 
sacrifice 
hunan-dwyll, v, self-deception 
hunan-djb, n, self-conceit 
hunan-dybus, a, self-conceited 
hunan-ddibynnol, a, self-dependent 
hunan-ddoeth, a, self-conceited 
hunan-feddiannol, a, self-possessed 
hunan-feddiant, «, self-possession 
hunanfodol, a, self-existent 
hunan-fudd, n, self-interest 
hunangar, a, selfish, self-loving 
hunan-gariad, n, self-love 
hunan-garwch, «, selfishness 
hunan-gyfiawn, a, self-righteous 
hunan-hanfodol, a, self-existent 
hunan-hyder, n, self-confidence 
hunan-hyderus, a, self-confident 
hunaniaeth, «/, self ; egotism ; identity 
hunanladdiad, n, self-murder, suicide 
hunanleiddiad, laid, «, self-murderer, 

suicide 
hunan-les, n, self-interest 
hunanoî, a, selfish ; conceited 
hunanoldeb, n, selfishness ; conceit 
hunanryw, a, homogeneous 
hunanymwadiad, n, self-denial, self- 
abnegation 
hunanymwadu, v, to deny oneself 
hunanymwybodol, a, self-conscious 
hunanymwybyddiaeth, nf, self-conscious- 
ness 
thundy, dai, hundyau, n, dormitory 
hunell -au, ;//, short sleep, nap, wink 

(of sleep) 
fhunfa, feydd, /i/, litter ; dormitory 
hunfyr, a, short of sleep 
thungar, a, sleepy, drowsy 
hunglwyf, u, lethargy ; sleeping-sickness 
hunlle, hunllef, nf, nightmare 
huno, V, to sleep, to slumber 
jhunog, (I, sleepy, drowsy 
^thunyn, n, nap, doze 
•■^thuolder, n, eloquence 

tHuon, n, epithet for the Deity 



HWN 



hupynt, n, spring, bound; brunt; shock; 

push ; metre so called 
hur -iau, n, wages, hire 
hurio, V, to hire, to take hire or wages 
huriwr, wyr, n, hirer ; hireling : /. hut- 

wraig 
hurt, a, hurt, stunned; stupid, dull, obtuse 
hurtan, nc, blockhead 
hurtio, V, to stupefy ; to stun 
hurtiol, a, stupefactive, stupefying 
hurtni, «=hurtrwydd 
thurtr -au, n, boarded floor ; loft 
hurtrwydd, u, stupidity 
hurtyn -nod, n, blockhead, dolt, oaf 
thurthgen -nod, n, blockhead, stupid 
bust, ust, i, hush ! 
busting, bustyng, v, to buzz, to whisper, 

to mutter: -au, ;;, buzz, whisper 
bustyngwr, wyr, n, whisperer, tale- 
bearer (Prov. xvi. 28; xviii. 8) 
tbutan -od, n, oaf ; the dotterel 
tbutyn, n, stupid fellow, blockhead 
thuw, 11, sleep, slumber; lullaby 
huwcyn, n, dim. of huw. Huwcyn 

lonydd, drowsiness, slumber 
huwmor, nf, humour 
thuysgain, a, scattering 
thuysgwr, n, router 
bw, n, hoot, halloo 
bwa, V, to hoot, to halloo : *', gee 
bwala, nf, halloo, cry 
bwan -od, nf, hooter, owl 
hwb, n, push; effort; lift. Hwb a chant 

a naid, hop, skip, and jump 
bwbian, v, to jog along, to push, to 

give a lift 
hwbwb, n, hubbub 
hwca, hweed, a, hooked, turned 
hwch, hycbod, /;/, sow 
tbwch, pi. mocb, nc, pig, swine; testudo 
hwchw, i of surprise, terror, or dismay , 
bwda, bwde, :', here ! implying ' take,' 

' accept ' (N.W.) 
tbwdwg, ;/, bugbear (hudwg) 
fbwf -od, n, hood, cowl 
bwff, byflion, n, lump 
fhwgwd, n, dunce, dolt 
bwhw, n, hooting of an owl 
bwi ! i, get along ! 
bwlyn, hwlcyn, n, lazy fellow, lout 

(N.W.) 
hwn, am & pn, this; this man, this one: 

/. hon. Hwn acw, that yonder, or at 

a distance : f. hon acw. Hwn yma. 



244 



J^i>ùu*.^ojJ- 



HWN 



HWY 



this, which is here : f. hon yma. Hwn 
yna, that, which is there : f. hon yna. 
Hwn a hwn, f. hon a hon, so and so 

thwndliwr, wyr, n, (horse-)dealer 

hwndro, v, to stagger (N.W.) 

thwndrwd, n, hundred (division); court 
of hundred; company, assembly 

hwnna, am, that (in sight) : /. honna 

hwnnw, am, that (absent): /. honno 

hwnt, ad, beyond, afar ; hence ; yon- 
der; away, aside. Tu hwnt, beyond. 
Saf hwnt, stand back (Gen. xix. 9) 

thwntian, v, to stagger, to reel; to 
wander, to stray; to tack (naut.) 

hwntw, n, South-Walian (fam.) 

hwp, n, eíîort, push 

hwp-hap, ad, by jerks, spasmodically, 
clumsily 

hwpio, hwpo, V, to push, to shove 

hŵr, nf, whore 

hwra, hwre, i=hwda, hwde (S.W.I 

hwrdd, hyrdd(i)au, n, push, thrust, im- 
pulse; blow, stroke; butt; onset, 
shock, impact, clash. Ar hwrdd, by 
chance. Ar hyrddiau, by fits and 
starts, spasmodically 

hwrdd, hyrddod, n, ram 

hwrô, i, hurray, hurrah: nf, bustle, fun, 
merriment 

hwrio, V, to fornicate 

hwriwr, wyr, n, fornicator 

hwrli-bwrli, n, hurly-burly 

hwrwg, n, lump, hunch 

thŵs, n, covering; housing, horse- 
cloth 

hwsmon, pi. hwsmyn, n, husbandman; 
head farm-seivant, farm-bailiff 

hwsmona, v, to husband, to practise 
thrift 

hwsmonaeth, nf, husbandry, tillage; 
economy; mess (colloq. 'smonaeth) 

thwstr, a, perverse ; morose 

thwstredd, n, perversity 

hwswi, n/=hyswi 

thwswîaeth, nf= hyswîaeth 

hwt! i, away ! be gone ! 

hwtio, V, to hoot ; to hiss (Zeph. ii. 15) 

hwy, pti, they, them. Hwy en hnnain, 
they themselves 

hwy, a, longer (comp. of hir). Yn hwy, 
any longer, any more 

hwyad, aid, nf, duck ; wild goosef 

hwyaden, pi. hwyaid, nf, duck. Ceiliog 
hwyaden, drake 



thwydd, n=chwydd 

jhwyddell -od, nf, female salmon 

fhwyddo, tJ=chwyddo 

hwyedig, a, lengthened, elongated 

thwyedig, fhwyedydd -ion, ;;, hawk 

thwyfell -od, nf, female salmon 

hwyhau, v, to lengthen, to prolong 

hwyl -iau, nf, course; health, state, 

condition, plight; disposition, mood, 

temper, humour; fun, enjoyment; 

fervour; a peculiar Welsh intonation; 

sing-song cadence; sail; mantlet, 

pallf, covering!; attackf, assaultf, 

onsetf. "^Dwyn hwyl, to rush at 
thwylaw, v, to sail 

hwylbren -nau -ni, n, mast ; yard-arm 
thwylfa, feydd, nf, course, progress 
hwyliad -au, n, sailing 
ihwyliar, eri, w= hwylbren 
hwylio, V, to prepare ; to sail ; to direct; 

to order; to bom, to butt 
hwyliog, a, under sail ; fervent, eloquent; 

given to horning (of animal) 
hwylus, a, easy, facile, expeditious; 

prosperous; convenient; comfortable, 

well 
hwyluso, 7', to facilitate, to expedite 
hwylustod, », ease, facility; convenience 
hwynt, ad, dial, for hwnt 
hwynt, pn, them, they 
hwyntau, pn.c, an archaic variant of 

hwythau, which survives only in 

dialect 
hwynt-hwy, pn, they, they themselves 
thwynyn -nau, n, long slip; hau-; a gin 
hwyr, n, evening : a, slow, tedious; late, 

tardy 
hwyrach, ad, perhaps, peradventure. 

Also Nid hwyrach 
hwyraidd, a, late, latish 
hwyrder, hwyredd, n, tardiness, lateness 
hwyrdrwm, a, slow and heavy; sluggish, 

drowsy, dull (Heb. v. 11) 
hwyrddydd, n, evening, eventide 
hwyredig, a, belated, slow, tardy 
thwyrfrydedd, n, tardiness, lingering 
hwyrfrydig, a, slow, tardy, reluctant 

(Ps. ciii. 8) 
hwyrf rydigrwydd, n, tardiness, reluctance 
hwyrgan -au, nf, evening melody, 

serenade 
hwyrhau, v, to get late; to delay! 
hwyrnos -au, nf, evening 
hwyrol, a, evening 

245 



HWY 

fhwyrwan, a, placid 
thwyrweddog, a, slow, tardy, dilatory 
hwythau, pn.c, they, them. Sec chwithau 
hy, a. bold, audacious, daring, confident 
■fhyall, a, possible, practicable, feasible 
thyar, a, pleasant, agreeable; level, 

smooth; tranquil, equable, mild 
hyawdl, a, eloquent, fluent 
hyawdledd, u, eloquence, fluency 
thyawdr, odron, a, capable, competent; 

puissant; gentle, mild, courteous 
fhyball, a, fallible, defectible 
thyballedd, n, fallibility 
hybarch, a, venerable, reverend, revered 
hybech, a, peccable 
hybechedd, n, peccability 
thybell, a, far-ranging ; distant 
hybian, hybio, v, to improve in health 
hyblyg, a, flexible, pliant, pliable; in- 

clinedt, pronef 
hyblygedd, n, pliancy; inclination!, 

pronenesst, bentf 
hyblygrwydd, n, flexibility, pliancy, 

pliability 
fhyborth, a, easily helped or nourished; 

well supported, in force 
hybu, V, to improve in health, to recover 
thybwyll, a, discreet, prudent, rational 
hychaidd, a, swinish 
hychan, hychen, n/, little sow (dim. of 

hwch) 
thychgryg, ii, quinsy 
hychian, v, to grunt 
hychig, )(/, little or young sow 
hychio, V, to thrust, to push 
thychwayw, nf, spear, lance 
thychwimp, a, queasy, squeamish 
hyd -au -oedd -ion, n, length; while. 

Ar hyd, during, along; straightwayf, 

immediatelyt, forthwitht- hyd, all 

the while. Hyd gyhyd, at full length 

(i Sam. xxviii. 20) 
hyd, pr, to, unto; as far as; till, to 

the time that; while; along, over. 

Hyd at, as far as. Hyd Ian yr afon, 

to (or along) the bank of the river. 

Ar hyd glan yr afon, along the bank 

of the river. ^Hyd pan, until, unless; 

so that. Hyd yn oed, even; exceptf, 

savet- Hyd-ddo, over him (or it) 
hy dawdd, a, that may be melted ; fusible, 

soluble 
thydedd, n, longitude, length 
hydeiml, a, palpable, tangible; passible 



HYDD 



hydeimledd, n, tangibility; passibility 

hyder, n, confidence, trust, reliance 

hyderu, v, to confide, to rely, to trust 

hyderus, a, confident, reliant, trusting 

fhydlath -au, nf, part of the bardic 
Peithynen, being the longitudinal bar 
or stave, on which the letters were 
cut, and which was fixed in the tros- 
lathau or cross - bars forming the 
frame 

hydoedd. np, a long time, ' ages' 

fhydor, a, breakable, brittle, fragile 

thydr, n, strength, power, might : a, 
strong, powerful, mighty, stout, vig- 
orous; bold, daring, valiant; certain 
(whence hytrach) 

hydraidd, a, penetrable 

hydraul, n, easily worn out, worn, thread- 
bare ; quickly consumed; digestible; 
easyt 

hydred -ion, n, length, longitude 

hydredol, a, longitudinal 

hydref -au, n, autumn. Hydref, October 

hydretn, a, well ordered, orderly 

hydrefol, a, autumnal 

thy drier, n, water; tide 

bydrin, a, tractable, docile 

thydruni, a, free 

hydwf, a, of free growth; thriving; lux- 
vuiant; well-grown, tall, fine 

hydwyll, a, easily deceived, gullible 

hydwylledd, n, gullibility 

hydwym, a, warm, tepid 

hydwyth, a, elastic, supple; nimble 

hydwythedd, n, elasticity 

hydyn, a, tractable, docile 

hydynrwydd, n, tractability 

hydd -od, n, stag, red deer 

thydda, a, good, proper, appropriate, 
fitting 

thyddaif. a. easily singed, scorclied, or 
blasted 

thyddail, a, leafy 

thyddawn, rt, apt to give; liberal, gener- 
ous 

thyddellt, a, easily cleft or slit, fissile 

thyddesti, a, neat, delicate, elegant 

tHyddfre, fHyddfref, n, October (from 
the rutting of deer) 

hyddgae -au, n, deer-park 

thyddgant. thyddgan, n, deer 

thyddgen, n, deer-skin, stag-hide 

hyddgi, gwn, n, buck-hound 

thyddgyllen, nf, stomach of a stag 
246 



HYDD 



HYLL 



hyddig, a, irasrible, ciioleric 

hyddigrwydd, », irascibility 

thyddoeth, a, sapient, sagacious 

hyddof, u, tamable, tractable, docile 

thyddre, n, starting of a stag 

kyddryll.a, broken, battered, dilapidated 

hyddwyn, a, easily carried, portable 

thyddyn, a, populous 

hyddysg, a, well versed, learned 

hyddysgedd, hyddysgrwydd, n, con- 
versance 

hyf, a, bold, daring; confident = hy 

thyfael, a, gainful, profitable 

hyfaeth, a, easily or well nourished 

hyfaidd, a, bold, audacious 

thyfalch, a, arrogant, presumptuous 

hyfarn, a, judicious 

thyfawl, a, laudable, praiseworthy 

hyfder, byfdra, n, boldness; audacity. 
Cymryd yr hyfJra, to take the liberty 

thyfed, a, fit to reap, ripe 

hyfedr, a, expert, skilful, clever 

hyfedredd, n, skilfulness 

hyieth, a, fallible ; perishable 

hyfhau, v, to wax bold 

hyfodd, a, pleasant, agreeable, pleasing 

thyfr -od, ii, gelded goat 

thyfrawd, a, judicious 

hyfreg, a, fragile 

hyfregedd, n, fragility 

hyfriw, a, breakable, fragile, brittle 

hyfryd, a, delightful, delectable, pleas- 
ant, agreeable, fine; of good cheer 

hyîrydedd, n. delight{tulness) 

hyf ry dials, n , joyful sound Í Ps. ixxxix. 1 5) 

hyfrydu, v, to delight 

hyfrydwch, 11, delight, delectation, 
pleasure 

thyfrytàu, v, to delight, to cheer 

hyfwyn, a, kindly, genial 

hyfflam, a, apt to flame, inflammable 

hyfflamedd, n, inflammability 

hyUlyn, u, particle; shred 

hyffordd, a, passable; expeditious; easy; 
skilled 

hyflorddi, v, to direct, to train, to in- 
struct, to guide, to show 

hytforddiadol, a, training 

hyfforddiant, n, instruction, tuition, 
direction, training 

hyfforddio, v, to afford 

hyflorddiol, a, instructive 

hyflorddus, a, expert, dexterous, well 
instructed; trained (Gen. xiv. n) 



hyfforddwr, wyr, 11, guide; directory; 

instructor 
thyffraeth, a, eloquent 
fhygabl, a, blasphemous 
thygad, a, warhke 
thygafl, a, acceptable 
hysar, a, amiable, lovely 
hygaredd, hygarwch, n, amiability 
thygawdd, a, easily offended, 'touchy' 
thyged, a, liberal, bounteous, bountiful 
hyglod, a, celebrated, renowned, famous 
hyglud, a, portable 
hyglwyf, a, vulnerable 
hyglyw, a, audible, loud and clear 
hygoel, a. credible; credulous 
hygoeledd, n, credibility; credulity 
hygoelus, a, credulous, gullible 
hygof, a, easily remembered, memorable 
thygor, a, frequent 
hygred, a, credible; credulous 
hygrededd, «, credibility; credulity 
hygryn, a, tremulous, trembling 
hygyrch, a, accessible 
hygyrehedd, n, accessibility 
hyhi, pn.f, emphat. of hi 
hylathr, a, p.^lished, glittering 
hylaw, a, handy, convenient; dexterous, 

expert 
thylawch, a, protecting, guarding 
hylawrwydd, n, handiness 
hyled, a, expansive 
hyles, a, beneficial 
hylif -au, n, fluid, liquid 
hylif, hylifol, a, fluid, Uquid 
hyllfrwydd, h, fluidity 
hylithr, a, slippery; fluent, ghb 
hylithredd, n, fluency, ghbness 
hylon, a, cheerlul, merry 
hylosg, a, comlnistible, inflammable 
hylosgedd, hylosgrwydd, h, combusti- 
bility 
hylwybr, a = hyffordd (from Uwybr) 
hylwydd, a, prosperous, fortunate 
thylwyddo, v, to prosper, to succeed 
thylym, a, sharp, keen, acute 
hylyn, a, sticky, adhesive 
hyll, am, ugly, hideous, wild : /. hell 
i'hylldraw, n, terror, dismay 
thylldrawu, r. to terrify, to dismay 
hylldrem -iau, n/, grim aspect; stare 
hylldremio, hylldremu, v, to look wildly, 

to stare, to gaze (Ex. xix. 21) 
hylltod, n, ugliness ; absurdity ; huge 
number or crowd (colloq.) 
247 



HYLL 

hylltra, n, ugliness, hideousness 
hyllu, V, to mar, to disfigure; to grim- 
ace; to dismay 
hymn -au, nf, hymn (pronounced hum 

and humnau) 
hymyn -nau, n, rivet 
hymynnu, v, to rivet 
hyn, a &pn, this; these. Hyn new, that 
(or those) yonder or at a distance 
Hyit ytna, this, which is here; these, 
which are here Hyn yna, that, 
which is there; those, which are there. 
Yr hyn, that which, what. Yr hyn 
beih, which thing. OV hyn lleiaf, at 
least. tO'r hyn goreu, of the best 
hyn, hynach, a, older (comp. of heiii 
hynaf, a, elder, senior, oldest, hynaif, 

elders, ancestors 
hynafedd, v., seniority, eldership 
hynaf gwr, gwyr, n, old man, elder 
hynafiad, iaid, n, ancestor. hynaDaid, 
j ancients; elders 

hynafiaeth -au, nf, antia.uity; seniority 
hynafiaethol, a, antiquarian, archaeo- 
logical 
hynafiaethwr, wyr, hynafiaethydd -ion, 

?;, antiquary 
thynaflant, n, archaeology 
hynafol, a, ancient, archaic, old 
thynag, a, grudging, niggard 
thy naif, np, elders; ancestors 
hynaws, a, kindly, agreeable, suave, 

good-natured, kind, genial, gentle 
hynawsedd, hynawster, n, kindness, 
kindhness, agreeableness, suavity, 
good nature, geniality, mildness, cle- 
mency (Acts xxiv. 4), gentleness 
(2 Cor. X. i) 
hynetydd -ion, n, elder, senator, senior; 

antiquaryt 
hynna, pn, that, that much {hyn yna) 
hynny, a & pn, that (not present) ; those 
thynnydd, a= hynny 
hynod, a, noted, notable; strange, re- 
markable ; peculiar, eccentric ; noto- 
rious ; conspicuous (i Mace. xiv. 34) 
hynodi, v, to distin^iuish, to characterize 
hynodion, vp, peculiarities, eccentricities 
hynodol, a, notable, noted, distinctive 
hynodrwydd, «, peculiarity, notoriety. 

distinction 
hynt -iau -oedd, ;;/, way, course, journey, 
expedition; freak; whim. -^Ar hynt, 
straightway, forthwith, immediately 



HYS 

thynwyf, a, gay, wanton 

thyr -iau, n, shock, push ; snarl ; defiance 

hyrddawd, n, impulse, push, thrust 

hyrddiant, ;;, impulse 

hyrddio, v, to hurl ; to butt ; to push, 
to impel 

hyrddiog, a, variable, changeable 

hyrddiwr, wyr, n, hurler 

hyrddrym, n, momentum 

hyrddu, v, to push, to impel, to butt; 
to ram; to make assault; to hurl 

hyrddwynt -oedd, n, hurricane 

hyrddyn, n, the fish mullet 

hyrif, a, easily numbered, computable 

hyrwydd, a, facile, expeditious, con- 
venient, prosperous, favourable 

thyrwydd-der, n, success, prosperity 

hyrwyddo, v, to facilitate, to expedite 
to promote 

hyrwyddwr, wyr, n, promoter 

hyrwym, a, (easily) bound ; astringent 

hyryw, a, kindly, genial, fine 

hys -iau -iadau, n, hiss, snarl; setting on 

thŷs, rt = hyys 

hysain, a, euphonious, sonorous 

hysathr, a, much frequented 

hysb, am, dry, dried up; barren (Hos. 
ix. 14) : /. hesb 

hysbio, V, to dry, to become dry 

hysbyddu, v, to exhaust, to drain 

hysbys, a, known, well-known, manifest, 
evident; express, definite. Dyn hys- 
bys, wizard, soothsayer 

hysbysai, eion, ;/, index. fHvsbysai 
gr£v/ro.', electric telegraph 

hysbyseb -ion, nf, advertisement 

hysbysebiacth, nf, advertising 

hysbysebu, v, to advertise 

hysbysebwr, wyr, n, advertiser 

hysbysfwrdd, fyrddau, n, notice-board 

hysbysiad -au, n, announcement, ad- 
vertisement 

hysbysiaeth, nf, information, intelli- 
gence ; advertisement 

hysbysol, a, informative; plain, clear, 
express, particular, specific, definite 

hysbysrwydd, ;;, intelligence, informa- 
tion, notice 

hysbysu, v, to make known, to acquaint, 
to advertise, to inform, to announce, 
to declare, to tell, to notify 

fiysbyswr, wyr, hyshysydd -ion, n. in- 
formant, informer, teller, narrator; 
advertiser 

248 



HYS 

thyserch, a, amiable 
thysfa -oedd, feuon, «/, mountain pas- 
ture 
hysian, hysio, v, to hiss, to snarl ; to set on 
hysifl, n/, housewife (case for needles, 

thread, etc.) 
hyson, a, loud, ringing, noisy 
thystoria, «/, history, narrative, account 
hyswi -od, ni, housewife 
thyswîaeth, n, housewifery, domestic 

economy 
thytir, n, length of ridge in ploughed 

land; short distance 
hytrach, ad, rather 
hytraws, n. Ar hytraws, aslant 
thytynt, n, course, journey; channel 
hywaitta, a, industrious, dexterous; 

docile, tractable 
thywall, a, falhble 
thywedd, a, trained; gentle, tractable; 

docile; pleasant 
thyweddfalch, a, spirited but docile 
+hyweddiant, n, tractableness 
thyweddu, v, to tame, to break in; to 

bend, to incline 
fhyweddwr, wyr, n, tamer, trainer 
thywel, a, visible, clear, plain, evident, 

conspicuous 
thywen, a, smiling, gay 
hywerth, a, vendible, saleable 
hywiw, a, worthy, estimable 
thywlydd, a, mild, tender 
thywr, n, a bold man 
fhyẅredd, n, manliness, valour 
thywydd, a, well-informed 
hywystl, a, easily pledged 
thyys, a, eatable 



i, pr, to; into; towards; for; in order to; 
in; fromf. Y mae iddo, he has; lit. 
(there) is to him. I bant, down, away, 
off. I jyny, I Ian, upward, up. / gyd, 
altogether; the whole. / lawr, I 
wa{e)red, down, do\\nwarrl. / maes, 
out. / mewn, into; within. Tyngu 
i, to swear by 
I, pn-sup., I, me, as in Gwelais i, Fe'm 

gwelwyd i 
i, pn (now usu. written ei), his, her, its 
la, II, ice. Clöyn ia, Clock ia, icicle 
iaeh, a, well, healthy, sane, sound, whole; 
safe; savedf. V» iach! Bydd iach! 



lAU 

tarewell ! Cami yn iach, to bid God- 
speed, to bid farewell. Yn iach 
lawen, well, whole, hale ; safe and 
sound 

iachâd, n, healing, curing 

iachaol, a, healing, curative 

iachau, v, to cure, to heal; to grow well; 
to save (Rom. viii. 24) 

iachawdr, iachawdur, n= iachawdwr 

iachawdwr, wyr, n, saviour 

iachawdwriaeth, «/, salvation 

iachawr, wyr, n, healer (Isa. iii. 7) 

iachol, a, well, healthy, sound; sanatory 

iachus, a, healthy, wholesome, salutary; 
sound; safef 

iachuso, V, to render healthy 

iachusol,«, healthy, wholesome; health- 
giving, sanatory 

iachusrwydd, n, healthiness, wholesome- 
ness 

tiachwyawdr, odron, n, saviour 

■fiachwyawl, a, healing, saving: n, 
healer, saviour 

tiachwyddol, a, saving 

tiachwyol, a, saving, salutary, healing 

iâd, iadau, nf, pate, skull, cranium. 
Caead yr icid, fontanelle 

iäen -nau, nt, sheet of ice; glacier 

tiäeth, n, iciness, frost 

tiangwr, wyr, n, young man; rustic, 
boor, churl; yeoman 

iaith, ieithoedd, nf, language, speech, 
tongue 

tiâl, nf, fertile or cultivated region 

iâr, pi. ieir, nf, hen; hen bird. lâr fenyn, 
lay ivenu'vii, lâr gola, 1 ar fach yr haf, 
butterfly. lar goed, pheasant 

fiar, pr, from off, off, from (i ar) 

tiar, ;;/, shoulder, chine 

iard, ierdydd, n/, yard 

iardy, dai, n, hen-coop, hen-pen 

iarll, pi. ieirll, n, earl, count 

iarllaeth -au, ;;/, earldom 

iarlles -au, nf, earl's lady, countess 

tiarnadd, ad, from off or above = Oád< 
arnodd 

ias -au, nf, boiling, seething; violent 
heat or cold; shock; shiver; thrill 

iasbis, n, jasper 

iasol, a, intensely cold; thrilling 

iasu, V, to simmer 

iau, ieuau, n, liver = afu, au 

iau, ieuau, ieuoedd, tieuawr, m, yoke; 
a pair of oxen 

249 



lAU 

lau, n, Jove, Jupiter. Dyad lau, Thurs- 
day. — Cablyd, Maundy Thursday 

iau, i(, junior, younger (comp. of ieuane) 

tiawl, iolau, n, prayer, worship, praise 

iawn, H, right; equity; satisiaction; 
propitiation; ransom; atonement, 
expiation ; amends, compensation ; 
damages : a, right, equitable, just; 
exact, correct, proper: ad, rightly, 
very: px, ortho-, rect-, right 

iawndal, n, compensation 

iawnder, fiawnedd, a, right, rightness, 
equity, rectitude, lawnderau, rights 

tiawndda, a, fair, middling 

iawnflyddiog, a, orthodox 

tiawngred, nf, right faith 

tiawnhau, iawni, v, to right 

iawnol, a, atoning, expiatory 

tiawnweddog, a, just, meet 

tibaeh, n, corner, nook 

Iber, Iberiad, iaid, n, Iberian 

Iberaidd, a, Iberian 

ticur, ticwr, n, matter, pus, ichor 

ich -iau, nf, squeak, squeal 

tid, pn + pr^^sa, to thee 

ideol, a, ideal. Ideoliaid, Idealists 

Idiau, np, Ides 

fidol -au, M, idol 

tidd, pr, to, towards; for; into {=t-f in- 
trusive dd) 

Iddew -on, flddeon, n, a Jew 

Iddewaeth, nf, Judaism; Jewry 

Iddewaidd, a. Jewish, Judaic 

Iddeweiddio, v, to Judaize 

Iddewes -au, nf, Jewess 

Idaewiaeth, ;;/, Judaism 

Iddewig, a, Jewish 

iddi, iddo, iddynt, pn -f pr, to her, him, 
thcni 

fiddwl, tan iddwf, «, St Anthony's fire, 
erysipelas 

le, ad, it is so; yes, yea 

iecas, n, pickaxe (S.W.) 

tiechineb, n, salvation 

iechyd, n, health, soundness; safetyt; 

saivationt (Ps. Ixxxv g) 
iechydfa, feydd, nf, sanatorium 
iechydiaeth, nf, hygiene, sanitation, 
«sanitary science 

iechydol, a, hygienic, sanitary 
iechydwriaeth, nf, salvation; healingt 

(.A.cts IV. 22) 
tief, ad, yes 
tiefanc, a. See ifanc 



ILL 

tieirch, np, roebucks : s. iwreh 
fieithadur -on, n, grammar 
jieithadurol, a, grammatical 
ieitheg, nf, science of language, phi- 
lology 
ieithegol, a, philological 
ieithegydd -ion, wyr, n, philologist 
ieithog, a, liaving language 
ieithol, a, relating to speech, Unguistic, 

philological 
ieithwedd -au -on, nf, idiimi; style 
ieithwr, wyr, ieithydd -ion, n, linguist, 
grammarian, philologist; interpreter! 
ieithyddiaeth, nf, linguistics, philology 
ieithyddol, a, linguistic, philological 
ieithyrldu, v, to philologize 
ieithyddwr, wyr, n, linguist, philologist 
ielflust, n. 5ii' gwialflust 
tiemyn, np, yeomen: s. iwmon 
tierch, M/>=iyrch 

jierthi, ;;/, ox-goad (Judges iii. 3i,marg.) 
tiesin, a, fair, beautiful, radiant, glorious 
iet -au -iau, nf, gate (obs. Eng. 'yate') 
tieu, aá=îe 

ieuaf, ieuangaf, ieuengaf, a, youngest 
ieuangaidd, a, youngish 
ieuane, ainc, a, young, youthful ; single 
tieuant, aint, n, youth; infant 
ieuengaidd, a, youngish 
ieuenctid, n, youth, miuoritv. ^leu- 

enctid y dydd, morning 
leuo, V, to yoke, to couple, to join 
ieuod, cn= euod 
ieuol, a, yoked or joined 
tiewaint, n, youth 
tiewydd -on, n, yoke collar 
ifanc, tiefanc, a. young = ieuane 
ifori, n, ivory 

ig -ion -iau, nf, hiccup: sobf 
igam-ogam, a, zigzag (i gam gam) 
igian, igio, V, to sight; to sob+; to hiccup 
ing -oedd, n, strait, distress, agony, 

anguish 
ting, a, strait, narrow, close, confined 
tingder, ;;., straitness, rloseness 
tingo, V, to draw near, to approach 
ingol, a, distressing, agonizing, agonized 
til -ion, nf, ferment, ferme'ntation 
ildio, V, to yield 
filio, V, to ferment, to work 
tilir -ion, n, butterfly = eilier, eilir 
ill, pn, thoy (used before cardinal numbers 
with 3rd pers. pron.). Ill dan, they 
both. Ill tri. III tnoedd, they three 
250 



1MB 

imbill, w/, gimlet 
imp -iau, 11, scion, shoot, sprout 
impiad, n, budding, shooting; grafting 
impio, V, to germinate, to sprout, to 

shoot ; to bud, to graft 
impiol, a, germinating, shootiny, or 

sprouting 
impiwr, wyr, w, budder, grafter 
impyn -nau, n, scion, shoot, sprig, graft 
inc -iau, M, ink 
incil, n, tape (inkle) 
incio, V, to ink 
incwm, n, income 
Indiad, iaid, n, Indian 
innau, pn-c, I, me. See chwithau 
finsail, seiliau, «/=insel 
tinseilio, V, to seal 
tinsel -iau, nf, seal, signet (Rom. iv. 

II) 
interlud -iau, nf, interlude 
io, i, welladay, lackaday 
iod, nf, iota, jot (Matt. v. i8) 
tioled, n, supplication 
tioli, V, to praise; to pray, to worship 
tiolin, a, supplicating 
fiolwch, n, praise, thanksgiving, prayer 
fiolydd, n, beseecher, suppliant 
iolyn, n, fool, nincompoop 
ion, n, lord. Ion, the Lord 
lonawr, it, January 
iôr, n, lord." lor, the Lord 
tlorth, a, active, diligent = eortlv 
tiorthryn. )•■, diligence, assiduity 
iorwg, n, ivy 
lou, n=Iau 

ir, a, juicy, sappy; fresh, green; raw 
i'r, i + yr. I'r dim, to a T 
tirad, a= girad 

firai, n, ox-goad (Judges iii. 31) 
iraid, ireidiau, n, grease; unguent, oint- 
ment 
iraidd, firain, a, juicy, sappy, fresh, 

succulent, luxuriant 
tirdangu, v, to stupefy, to stun; to 

amaze • 
tirdanc, n. stupor; amazement 
irder, ;'., freshness; greenness; moisture 

(Ps. xxxii. 4) 
tirdwf, n, fresh growth, luxuriance: 

a, sappy, sapful 
iredd, m= irder 
ireidlyd, a, greasy, unctuous 
ireidd-dra, n, freshness, vigour (Deut. 

xxxiv. 7) 



ISG 

ireiddio, v, to make or become freshi 
(Ezek. xvii. 24) 

irfrwyn, np, green rushes 

firiiau, V, to grow moist or juicy; to 
freshen 

irionyn, n, thong (eirionyn) 

irlas, a, fresh, green (2 Kings xvii. 10) 

irlesni, p, verdancy, verdure 

firllawn, a, ireful, irate, wrathful, angry 

tirllonedd, n & nf, ire, wrath, anger 

tirllonhau, v, to be angry 

iro, V to anoint, to grease, to oil, to 
smear, to rub. Iro blonegen, to carry 
coals to Newcastle. Iro ei latv, to 
grease his palm, to bribe him 

irwellt, n, fresh or green grass; ' tender 
herb ' (Deut. xxxii. 2) 

irwr, wyr, n, greaser 

irwydd, np, green branches, green trees 

is, a. lower: inferior; pr, below, under, 
inferior to: px, sub-, under- 

isadran -nau, nf, subsection 

isaf, a, lowest 

isafbwynt, n, lowest point, nadir 

isafiad, iaid, n, inferior 

tisalaw, n, bass (in music) 

Isalmaenaidd, a, Dutch 

Isalmaeneg, nf, Dutch 

Isalmaenwr, wyr, n, Dutchman 

Isallman, ellmyn, n, Dutchman 

tisamer -iaid, n, armour-bearer, esquire 

tisarn -au, ;;/, halberd, battle-axe; 
scythe, sickle 

isathro, awon, n, assistant master 

isel, a, low, base, mean; lowly, humble; 
depressed 

iselaf, a, lowest, meanest 

iselder, n, lowness; humility. Iselder 
ysbryd, low spirits, depression, isel- 
derau, depths, lowermost parts, lower 
parts (Ps. Ixiii. 9) 

iselfryd, a, humble-minded 

iselfrydedd, n, humility, condescension 

iselfrydig, a= iselfryd 

iselhad, iseliad, n, abasement, depression 

iselhau, v, to lower, to abase, to de- 
grade 

tiseliad, iaid, n, inferior 

iselradd, nf, low degree: a, inferior 

iselu, V, to lower, to abase, to depress, 
to deiirade 

iselwael, a, mean 

fiselwr, wyr, n, inferior, vassal 

isgapten -iaid, teiniaid, «, lieutenant 
251 



É!ŵ/uc oil (yJUíMi^ 



SG 



LET 



tisgell, n, broth, soup, pottage (Isa. 

Ixv. 4) ; liquor, infusion, decoction 
tisgîl, n, pillion : ad, behind (is cil) 
fisgilio, V, to ride behind one on the 

same horse 
isiarll, ieirll, n, viscount 
isiarllaeth -au, nf, viscounty 
islaw, pr, below, beneath 
islif, M, undercurrent 
islinell -au, nf, underscore 
islinellu, V, to underscore, to underline 
isloer, isloerol, a, sublunary 
isod, t'so, ad, below, beneath 
isop, tisob, n, hyssop 
isradd -laid, «, inferior 
israddol, a, inferior 
israddoldeb, n, inferiority 
is-swyddog -ion, n, sub-officer, underling 
tiste, v= eistedd 
ister, n, lowness 
iswasanaethgar, a, subservient 
iswerthu, v, to undersell 
isweryd -au, n, subsoil 
Isymwybodol, a, subconscious 
isymwybyddiaeth, nf, subconsciousness 
ithfaen, n, granite 
ithion, np, atoms: s. itiyv 
tlubet, n, gibbet 
luddew, II, the prevalent but incorrect 

spelling of Iddew 
iwbwb, 11, cry, shout 
tiweh, pn-\-pr, to you {i liui'ii 
Iwerddonig, a, pertaining to Ireland 
tiwin, a, frantic, mad 
tiwmon, pi. iwmyn, iemyn, n, yeoman 
iwrch, iyrchod, iyrch, tyrch, fieirch, n, 

roebuck 
tiwrnai, r.f, journey 
tiwrth, pr, by, from (t wrth) 
iws, n, use; interest 
iwsio, V, to use 
iyrchell -od, nf, young roe 
iyrches -od, nf, roe (species of deer) 
iyrchyn, n, young roebuclc 

J 
jâd, jaden, nf, jade 
janglen, nf, gossip 

jangl(i)o, V, to jangle, to gossip, to loiter 
jam, n, jam 

jamio, li, to make jam, to preserve 
jar -iau, nf, jar 
jasbis, II, jasper (Rev. iv. 3) 
jêl, nf, jail 



jelio, V, to jail, to imprison 

jest, ad, just, almost 

ji-binc -od, nf, chafSnch 

jiwbili, nf, jubilee 

job -sus, nf, job 

joben, nf, dim. of job, job 

jôc, nf, joke 

joci, n, jockey, horse-breaker 

joeh -iau, n, splash, gulp; downpour 

jochio, V, to splash, to squirt 

jwg, jygiau, n, jug 



lab -iau, n, slip; stripe; stroke, strip 

labio, V, to slap, to whack 

labro, V, to labour 

labrwr, wyr, n, labourer 

labwt, n, lap-board 

tlactwn, n, latten, mediaeval brass 

lafant, n, lavender 

lafwr, lawr, n. Bara — , laver bread 

(local) 
tlafwr, n, laver 
lamp -au, nf, lamp 
lapio, V, to lap, to wrap 
tlardies, n, largess 
lartsh, a, proud, conceited, vain (colloq. 

from ' large ') 
larwm, n, alarm, alarum 
tlatwm, tlatwn, M = lactwn and llatwm 
tlawrus, n, laurel 

lawryf,;i, laurel, bay tree (Ps. xxxvii. ^3) 
lêc, nf, leak 

lecio, leicio, v, to like {hoffi) 
lecs'wn, iif, election (ctholiad) 
ledio, V, to lead (arwain) 
lefain, n, leaven; taint 
lefeinio, v, to leaven; to taint 
lefeinllyd, a, leavened 
lefel, nf & a, level 
lefelu, V, to level {gwaslatau) 
lefelwr, wyr, «, leveller 
leftathan, n, leviathan 
legat, n, legate 
lein -iau, nf, line, cord 
leinin, n, lining 
lelnio, V, to beat, to flog 
leinio, V, to line 
lemon, n, lemon 
lentysgbren, n, lentisk, mastic tree 

(Susannah, 54) 
tlepr, nf, leprosy 
letani, n/=litani 
letys, en, lettuce 

252 



LIB 



LLADD 



liba(r)t, n, ground surrounding cottage; 

back-yard (' liberty ') 
licer, n, liquor 
licras, licorys, n, liquorice 
licwr, n, liquor 
lifrai, eion, n, livery 
lifft, n, lift 
lili, ?!/, lily 
line -iau, nf, link; chain and hook for 

hanging pot over fire 
lincyn-loncyn, ad, haltingly, slowly, 

step by step 
lindys, n, caterpillar 
tlindys, n, lineage 

tlir, n, (black) mediieval fabric (from Lire) 
listio, V, to enlist 
litani, nf, litany 
Ilturgi, nf, liturgy 
lob, n, lubber, dolt 
lobseows, n, lobscouse, Irish stew; 

hotch-potch (N.W.) 
loosyn, sus, n, whisker: / locsen 
locust -iaid, n, lo( ust 
lodes -i, nf, girl, damsel (herlodes) 
loes, w/=gloes 
loetran, v, to loiter 
logwd, n. logwood 
lol, nf, nonsense 
loiian, V, to talk nonsense 
lolyn, loliaid, «, nonsensical fellow, fool 
Ion, lonydd. ;;/, lane 
lori, nf, lorry 
los, nf, girl, lass (S.W.) 
lot -iau, nf, lot 
lowsed, lowset, nf, cowhouse ventilation 

hole (S.W.) 
Iwans, n, allowance 
Iwe, /;/, uirk 
Iwcus, a, lui ky 
Iwfans, n, allowance (N.W.) 
Iwfiedig, a, allowed, admitted, accepted 
Iwler -an, ;;, louver, chimney 
Iwfio, V, to allow, to permit 
Iwgws, en, lugs, sand-worms 
Iwmp, lympiau, n, lump 
Iwts, n, mash 
Iwyn -au, n, loin 
lygur, n, ligure (Ex. xxviii. 19) 
tlysard, n, lizard (Lev. xi. 30) 
tlytenont, n, lieutenant 

LL 
llabed -au, nf. lappet, lapel, flap 
llabi, îod, II, stripling; booby 



llabwst, ystiau, n, lubber, lout 
Uabyddio, v, to stone (i Kings xxi. 13) 
llabystryn, n, lubber ; /. llabystren 
llac, a, slack, loose, lax 
llac -iau, n, quicksand; gap, lacuna 
llaca, n, slop, mire, muck, mud, dirt, 

shme 
Uacàu, llacio, v, to slacken, to loosen, 

to relax 
Uaciol, a, slackening, relaxing 
Uacrwydd, «, slackness, laxity, loose- 
ness 
tllacw, ad, there, 3'onder, at a distance 
llach -iau, nf, lash, slash; slap; blade 
Uachar, a, gleaming, glittering, bright, 

iHÌlliant, flashing 
tllachardde, a, bright, brilliant 
Uachio, v, to slash, to lash; to cudgel, to 

beat 
tllad -au, n, grace, favour; gift; blessing 
tllad, n, liquor, drink; a measure 
Llading, etc. See Lladin 
Lladin, ;;/, the Latin language: a, Latin 
Lladinaidd, a, Latin 
Lladineiddio, v, to Latinize 
Lladiniaeth, nf, Latinity 
Lladinio, v, to Latinize 
Lladinwr, wyr, Lladinydd -ion, n, Latinist 
tlladmer -iaid, n, interpreter 
tlladmeru, v, to interpret 
tUadmerydd -ion, n, interpreter (Job 

xxxiii. 23) 
Uadrad -au, «, theft, robbery; stealth 
lladradaidd, tUadradpl, a, stealthy; fur- 
tive; clandestine 
tlladraidd, a, thievish; sly 
lladrata, v, to thieve, to steal 
Uadratwr, wyr, n, thief, stealer 
Uadron, np thieves, robbers : s. lleidr 
lladronach, np, petty thieves, pilferers 
lladrones -od -au, nf, female thiel 
lladroni, v, to pilfer 
lladronllyd, a, thievish, pilfering 
Uadd, V, to kill, to slay, to slaughter, 
to murder; to cutf, to severf; to 
smitef; to touchf. Lladd gwair, to 
mow hay. -fLladd â llif, to saw. 
^Lladd tan, to kindle fire. Lladd ar, 
to denounce, to run down. ^Lladd 
celain, to do murder 
iladd-dy, dai, n, slaughter-house 
lladdedig, a, killed, slain. Lladdedigion 

a chlwyfedigion, killed and wounded 
lladdedigaeth -au, nf, slaughter 
253 



LLADD 



LLAM 



lladdfa, fâu, feydd, n/, slaughter 

lladdiad -au, n, killing, slaughter 

tUaddiad, iaid, n— lleiddiad 

flladdu, V, to cut 

Uaddwr, wyr, ;i, killer, slayer 

Iladdwriaeth, nf, butchery 

tllaer, n/=lloer 

llaes, ii, loose, slack, lax; free; trailing; 
low, long 

llaesod(r), ;;/, litter 

Uaester, «, laxness; trailing; depth 

llaesu, V, to slacken, to relax, to loose, 
to loosen; to moderate; to trail, to 
droop, to hang. Llaesu dwylaw, to 
grow faint or weary, to flag 

Uaeswallt, w, long hair {i Cor. xi. 15) 

llaeth, n, milk Llaeth enwyn, butter- 
milk. Llaeth newydd, Llaeth tor, 
the first milk after calving, beestings 

llaetha, v, to give milk; to collect milk 

llaethdy, dai, n, milkhouse, dairy 

llaethedd, n, milkiness 

llaethferch -ed, «/, milkmaid, dairy- 
maid 

llaethfwyd -ydd, ;;, milk diet 

llaethig, a, lactic 

Ilaethlo, loi, », suckling calf 

llaethlyd, a, milky, yielding milk 

Ilaethog, a, aboundmg in milk, milky 

Ilaethogi, v, to abound with milk 

Uaethol, a, lacteal; milky 

llaethu, V, to turn to milk 

llaethwr, wyr, n, milkman 

Ilaethwraig, wragedd, nf, milk-woman, 
dairy-woman, dairy-maid 

llaethygen, nf, lettuce 

Uaethysgall, np {-en, «), sow thistle 

tllafanad, aid, n, element 

llafanog, nj, hairweed, crowsilk 

llafar -au, n, utterance, speech; sound; 
voice. Llafar gwlad, common speech 

llafar, a, vocal; loud; resounding. 
Carreg lafar, Craig iafar, echo 

fllafarai, eion, nc, vowel 

llafarddull -iau, n, mode 01 expression; 
dialect, idiom 

tllafaredigaeth, nf, utterance, delivery 

llafarganu, v, to sin^;; to chant 

llafariad, iaid, w/, vowel 

llafarog, a, vocalic: -ion, nf, vowel 

llafarogi, v, to vocalize 

llafarol, a, vocal 

Ilafarwedd -au, nf, mode of speaking; 
dialect, idiom 



tllafasu, V, to venture, to attempt, to 

presume, to dare 
fllafasus, a, daring, bold, audacious 
llafn -au, «, l>lade; flake; plate, lamina 
+llafnawr, np, blades, spears: s. llafn 
llafnes -au -i, ;;/, a fine one (girl, cat 

etc.) 
llafnu, V, to blade; tc flake; to flatten 
llafrwyn, np (-en, );/), bulrushes, papyri 

(Ex. h. 3) 
Uafur -iau, n, toil, labour; tillage: en 

corn (S.W.). Tir llatur, arable laad, 

Uafuriau, corn crops 
tLlatureg -au -ion, nf, Georgic 
llafurio, V, to labour, to work, to toil 

to take pains; to till; to be perplexed! 
Uafurus, a, laborious, toilsome, pains 

taking, industrious. Llafurus gariad, 

labour of love (Heb. vi. 10) 
llafurwaith, n, labour, industry; bus 

bandry (i Cor. iii. 9) 
llafurwr, wyr, n, labourer, husbandman 

(John XV. i) 
llai, a, smaller, less: ad, in a smaller 

degree (comp. of bychan and ychydig), 

Ni wyddwn i lai, I did not know but 
tllai, n, a dark colour 
llaib, lleibiau, n, sup, lap 
Uaid, lleidiau, ", clay, mud, mire, grime; 

rot (in feet of cattle) 
tllaidd, a, mild, soft (Uaith) 
tllaig, lieigiau, ;;, bubble on water 
llain, Ueiniau, nf, patch, piece; long 

slip, slang; blade, sword 
llais, lleisiau, n, voice; sound; vote 
Uaith, a, damp, moist; soft, pliant 
llaith, n, rot in feet of cattle 
tUaith, n, death 
Hall, pi. lleill, /)», other, another. Y 

naill neu'r Hall, one or the other 
Ham -au, n, stride, skip; step, pace; 

leap, jump, bound, spring; hap, 

chance 
tllamdwyo, v, lO convey, to carry 
Uamddelw -au, nf, puppet 
Uamfa, feydd, nf, stepping-place, stile 
tllamfforeh, ffyrch, ni, stile 
llamgyrch, n, a Welsh metre 
llamhidydd, idyddion, n, acrobat; por- 
poise 
llamidyddiaeth, nf, acrobatism 
llamidyddol, a, acrobatic 
tllamog -au, nf, stile 
tllamprai, eion, n, lamprey 
254 



ŵu^ Mcx^ : M^ èb z^ 



LLAM 



LLAW 



tllamsach, v, to jump, to hop, to skip, 

to caper; to hobble 
Uamsachus, a, capering, prancing, frisky 
Ilamn, v, to stride; to step; to leap, to 

bound 
llamwr, wyr, n, leaper, bounder 
tHamystaen, ;;/, hawk, falcon 
llan -nau, »/, enclosure, yard; church; 

(sometimes) village 
llanastr -au, n, lumber; confusion, mess. 

Yn llanastr, in disorder 
fllanastru, v, to scatter, to strew 
llanc -iau, n, young man, youth, lad, 

youngster; bachelor. Hen lane, old 

bachelor : whence henlancyddol, ken- 

lancyddiaeth 
llances -au -i, "/, young woman, lass 
llancesig, nf, tiny girl, lassie 
llancio, V, to become a youth 
Uanerchu, v, to clear land 
tllannaidd, a, glade-like, open, clear 
Uannerch, erchau, erchi, erchydd, Uen- 

nyrch, nf, spot, patch ; open space, 

clear area, clearing; glade; plain; 

' void place ' (i Kings xxii. lo) 
Uanw, n, (rise of) tide ; flow, influx : v, 

to fill; to flow 
tllanwed, n, influx; tide 
llaprau, np, rags, tatters 
llaprog, a, ragged, tattered 
Uaprwth, n, lout (N.W.) 
tllaredd, n, generosity 
llariaidd, a, meek, mild, gentle 
fllariain, a, soft, mild 
Uarieidd-dra, n, meekness, gentleness 
Uarieiddio, llareiddio, v, to soothe, to 

soften, to milden, to molhfy, to 

moderate, to appease, to assuage 
llarieiddiol, a, soothing, emollient 
Harp -iau, n, shred, clout. Yn llarpian, 

Yn llaprau, torn in pieces, in shreds 
Uarpio, V, to rend, to tear to bits, to 

mangle, to maul, to devour 
llarpiog, a, tattered, ragged 
Uarwydd, np (-en, «/), larch 
tllary, a, liberal, generous, mild, gentle, 

quiet, meek, kind 
fllarychwel, a, generously turning 
tllaryedd, n, generosity, mildness, gen- 
tleness, meekness, kindness 
tnas,i',w-as killed=lladdwyd(Rev.ix. i8) 
fllasar, n, blue, azure 
fllasarn -au, n, pavement 
tllasarnu, v, to pave; to floor 



tllaswyr -au, n, psalter, missal 

tllatai, eion, nc, love messenger 

tllateiaeth, nf, love message 

tllateies -au, nf, love messenger 

tllatwm, n, latten, brass 

Hath -au, nf, rod, staff, wand; yard 

llathaid, eidiau, nf, yard length, yard 

llathen -ni, nj, yard 

llathennaid, eneidiau, nf, yard length, 

yard 
Uathennu, v, to measure by the yard 
tllathlud -ion, n, abduction, seduction: 

a, clandestine 
tllathlud(o), ;;, to abduct, to entice, to 

seduce 
Uathr, a, bright, glossy, smooth 
Uathraid, a, bright, glittering, polished 
llathraidd, a, smooth; of fine growth; 
free from knots. Coed llathraidd, 
tall trees of fine growth; stately trees 
tllathrawd, a, bright, gleaming 
Uathredlg, a, pohshed, bright, brilliant 
llathreiddio, v, to smooth, to polish 
llathreiddrwydd, n, smoothness, polish 
Uathru, v, to polish; to glitter, to shine 
tllathrudd, n, tHathruddiaeth, nf, rape 
filathruddo, v, to ravish, to deflower 
llathrwr, wyr, n, polisher 
llathrwyn, a, candescent, snow-white 
Ilathrydd -ion, n, polislier 
llau, np (Ueuen, ni), lice 
Haw, pi. dwylaw, dwylo, nt, hand. 
Allan o law, out of hand, offhand, at 
once. Mae^ o law, soon, presently. 
Gerllaw, at hand, near. Curo dwy- 
law, to clap hands 
tllaw, a, weak, feeble, dispirited; small, 

mean, low 
llawagored, tllawagor, fHawegor, «, open- 
handed, liberal 
llawaid, eidiau, nf, handful 
Hawaidd, a, handy 
Hawban, n, felt, felt cloth ^~ 
Hawcio, V, to gulp, to gorge, to gobble 
llawciwr, wyr, n, gulper, gobbler 
fllawch, M, protection, guard; caress 
tllawchaidd, a, fawning 
Hawchwith, a, lett-h.nnded 
llawd, n, sow's craving for boar 
tllawdcawd, fUedcawd, n, lees 
llawdio, V, to desire the boar (of sow) 
tllawdr, Hodrau, n, breeches, trousers 
llawdryfer -au, nf, trident 
tllawdwn, a, maimed in the hand 
255 



LLAW 



LLECH 



tllawdd, n, praise 
Uawddewin -iaid, n, palmist 
Uawddewiniaeth, v/, palmistry, chiro- 
mancy 
llawddryll -iau, »i, pistol, revolver 
tllawedrog, a, shattered 
llawen, a, merry, joyful, glad, cheerful 
llawen-chwedl, n & nf, glad tidings, 

rejoicing 
fllawenedigaeth -au, nf, joy 
llawenhau, v, to gladden, to rejoice 
llawenu, y=llawenhau 
llawenychu, v, to rejoice 
llawenydd, 'i, joy, gladness, mirth, re- 
joicing 
llawer -oedd t-edd, n, a, & ad, many, 

much. — iawn, great many 
llawes, p!. Uewys, ;i/, sleeve; outskirtt 
llawesog, a, sleeved 
tllawethair, tllawethyr, M/ = llyflethair 
Ilawfaeth, a, fed or reared by hand 
llawfeddyg -on, n, surgeon 
nawfeddyg(in)iaeth, h/, surgery 
Ilawfeddygol, a, surgical 
Uaw-fer, nf, shorthand 
llawforwyn -ion, nf, handmaid 
tllawfron, tHowfron, nf, bosom 
tllawfrydedd, n, misery, melancholy 
Uawiwyall, llawfwyell, eill, nf, small 

axe, hatchet 
tllawfler, a, of strong or fierce hand 
Uawffon, ffyn, nf, walking-stick 
llawgaead, a, close-fisted, stingy, nig- 
gard 
tllawgair, n, an oath 
tllawgar, a, free-handed, liberal 
llawgelfyddyd -au, nf, handicraft 
tllawhethan, n, leviathan 
llawhir, a, long-handed; lavish 
llawio, V, to hand, to handle 
llawiog, a, handy 
llawlaw, ad, hand to hand 
Uawlif -iau, nf, hand-saw 
llawlyfr -au, n, hand-book, manual 
llawn, a, full, complete, replete: ad, 
enough ; quite. O lawn i lonaid, 
from full moon to full moon 
tUawnaeth, ji/=llawnder 
Uawnalluog, a & n, plenipotentiary 
llawnder, n, fullness, plenitude, abund- 
ance 
llawndra, n, fullness, abundance, plenty 
llawnlleuad, nf, full moon 
tUawnllid, n, rage, fury, passion 



tUawn-llonaid, a &n, full. Yn y llawn- 
llonaid, at the full (of the moon). 
(Ecclus. xxxix. 12) 

Uawnodi, v, to sign 

Uawnodiad -au, n, signature 

11a wnt -(i)au, n, lawn 

tllawr, n, lowly, humble, meek 

Uawr, Uoriau, n, floor ; ground; earth. 
Ar lawr, on the floor, on the ground. 
/ lawr, f/'r Uawr, down, downwards. 
Nef a Uawr, heaven and earth. Uawr 
chwarae, playground. Liawr dyrnu, 
tiireshing-floor 

Hawrig, n, periwinkle (the plant) 

Uawrodd -ion, nf, hand-gift, handsel 

tllawrudd, &c. = llofrudd, &c. 

tllawrwedd, nf, humble aspect 

Uawrwydd, np (-en, nf), laurels 

tllawrydedd, »=llaw{rydedd 

tUawrydd. a, free-handed, liberal 

Uawryf -oedd, n, laurel, bay 

Uawryfog, Uawryfol, a, laureate 

Ilawysgrii -au, nf, handwriting, manu- 
script 

llawysgrifen, nf, handwriting 

lie -oedd, llefydd, n, place; stead, loom. 
t j'n y Ue, on the spot, at once, forth- 
with. Yn Ue, for, in lieu of, instead. 
tYn Ue gwir, for truth, of a truth, 
truly 

lie, ad, where, at what place; whereas 

Head, n, reading 

tUead, n, placing, location 

tlleasu, t; = lliasu 

tlleawdr, odron, tHeawr, orion, n, reader 

lleban -od, n, clown, lubber 

llebanaidd, a, clownish, rustic 

Uecyn -nau, n, place, spot 

ilech -au -i, ni, flat stone, slab, flag, 
slate; bakestone; tablet, table. Dwy 
lech garreg, two tables of stone (Ex. 
xxxiv. l) 

tUech, nf, skulking; covert: a, covert 

Uechau, np, rickets 

llech-eira. n, chilblains 

Uechen, nf, slate (dim. of Uech) 

llechfa, fâu, feydd, nf, hiding-place, 
covert, lair 

Ilechfaen, feini, n, slab, bakestone 

ilechfan -nau, nf, lurking-place 

llechgi, gwn, n, skulking dog; sneak 

Uechgîaidd, a, sneaking, sneakish 

Uechian, v, to skulk 

llechres -i, nf, table, catalogue, list 
256 



tÉl^jlŵÌ^LA^ 



LLECH LLEDD 

llechu, V, to hide, to slielipr; to lurk, •[•lledlef -au, »/, impertect utterance, 

to skulk corrupt speech 

tUeehwayw, n/=llucliwayw t'ledlw -on, lyau, n, vain oath 

Uechwedd -au -i, nf, slope; hill side; lledlwm, a, ragged, tattered 

side of the head llednais, a, nicjdest, delicate; gentle; 

llechweddu, v, to slope, to slant, to in- meek [Bible) 

cline tllednant, pi. Iledneint, n, tributary 

llechwr, wyr, n, skulker, lurker lledneisrwydd, n, modesty, delicacy; 

Uechwraidd, llechwrus, a, skulking, gentleness, meekness 

lurking; sneaking, snoakish; stealthy; llednoeth, a, half-naked 

sly; underhand; insidious lledol, n, rear. Ar ledol, after 

Ued -au, n, breadth, width. Led y pen, Uedorwedd, v, to recline, to lounge, to loll 

wide open. Ar led, abroad liedr -au, n, leather. Telyn ledr, harp 

tiled, a, broader, wider=lletach with gut strings 

lied, ad, in part, half, fiartly, almost, lledrach, np, scraps of leather 

somewhat, rather: px, par-, partly, tliedrad, &c. = lladrad, &c 

half Uedred -ion, n, breadth, latitude 

tiled, n, death Uedrin, a, of leather, leathern 

tUedach -au, «/, mean descent lledrith -iau -ion, n, magic, illusion; 

lledaenu, v, to spread abroad, to dJs- apparition; appearance, show; phan- 

tribute, to disseminate; to circulate tasm, phantom, fantasy; hypocrisy 

tUedafwyno, v, to rein (Jer. xxiii. 15) 

tUedcawd, n=llawdcawd Uedrithio, v, to appear; to haunt 

tUedchwelan, a, round, globular Uedrithiog, a, magical, phantom, spec- 

tlledechwyrth, a, foolish, rude tral 

Ueden, lledod, )if, anything flat; flat-fish, lledrithiol, a, illusory, illusive 

Lleden chwithig, sole. Gwerthu lledod, \lÌ6áT\xiá, a, somewhat red, reddish 

to cozen, to coax, to cajole, to lledrwr, wyr, n, leather manufacturer, 

blandish leather merchant, leather dealer; 

tllederw, n, rot in sheep (legal) currier 

tUedewigwst, nf, piles, hemorrhoids tHedryd, M=lled{ryd 

tUedfegin -au, n, wild animal domesti- Uedryw «, mongrel kind: a, degenerate 

cated; pet; weakling; mongrel lledrywiog, a, degenerate 

tlledlegyn, n, mongrel; foetus lledu, v, to widen, to broaden, to ex- 

tlledfen, a, flat, sprawling : -nau, nf, pand, to open, to dilate, to spread 

slab, cake tHedw, a, wealthy, rich, generous, abun- 

Uedferwi, v, to parboil dant : n, wealth, abundance 

tlledffol, a= Uetflol t'ledwad -au, nf, ladle=lletwad 

tlledfrith, n= lledrith tlledwg, n, displeasure 

tlledfrithog, a= Uedrithiog tHedwigyn -nod, Uedwigod, n, worm, 

tUedfron -nydd, nf, slope reptile 

■flledtryd, a, listless, depressed; foolish; ^WíiiiWÿáù., en (-en, «/), trees of inferior 

diffident stock or quality 

tlledfryd(edd), n, depression; folly; Ued wyr, a, slightly bent, crooked, 

diffidence oblique. .4 >■ /eáîe^yr, sloping, inclining 

Uedfyw, a, half alive, almost dead Uedwyro, v, to incline, to slope 

Uediaith, ieithoedd, nf, corrupt speech, lledydd -ion, n, stretcher, spreader 

provincialism, barbarism, 'accent.' tHedymyl -au -on, n/, margin 

y mae Uediaith arno, he speaks with tHedynfyd, a, somewhat foolish, stupid 

an accent tHedd, n, plain, expanse 

iledieithog, a, speaking with an 'accent,' lleddf, a, declining, oblique; flat, minor 

affected (in speech) (mus.j; gentle, smooth; soft, moum- 

Uedled, n. Ledled y ddaear, throughout ful, plaintive, melancholy; vocalic: 

the earth see talgron 

17 257 



LLEDD 



LLEN 



Ueddfbetryal -au, n, rhombus 
lleddfdra, n, plaintiveness 
lleddfol, a, soothing, lenitive 
Ueddfu, V, to warp; to flatten; to soften, 
to assuage, to allay, to ease, to soothe; 

to tone down, to moderate, to abate 
tlleenog, a, literate, learned 
lief -au, nf & n-\, voice; cry 
tllef -ydd, «=lle 

llefain, v, to cry; to weep : n, cry 
tUefair, n, entreaty 
lleiaru, v, to speak, to utter 
llefarwr, wyr, Uefarydd -ion, ;/, speaker 
tllefawr, forion, a, noisy, clamorous 
Uefelyn, n, stye 

tllelenau, fUefnau, up, the loins 
tUeferthin, a, sluggish, lazy 
lleferydd, « & nf, utterance, voice, speech 
Uef n, a, even, smooth, sleek : m. Uyfn 
tllefnau, np. See Uefenau 
llefnyn, n, blade (dim. of Uafn) 
tllefr, a/, coward, timid, faint : w. fllytr 
Ueirith, n, sweet milk, new milk 
Ueirithen, od, >if, stye in the eye 
Uegach, a, weak, feeble, intirm, decrepit 
fllegest -od, n, locust; lobster 
jllegus, «= Uegach 
Ueng -oedd, nt, legion, host 
Uengol, a, of a legion, legionary 
tllehau, V, to place, to locate, to allo- 
cate 
Ueiaf, a, least, smallest. leiaf, at 

least 
lleiairif -au, n, minority 
Ueiafswm, symiau, n, minimum 
Ueiafu, V, to minimize 
lleian -od, nf, nun; titmouse 
llelanaeth, nf, the life of a nun 
Ueiandy, dai, n, nunnery, convent 
tlleianu, v, to take the veil, to become 

a nun 
Ueibio, V, to lap, to lick (i Kings xviii. 38) 
lleibiol, a, lapping, lambent 
Ueidlo, V, to turn to cloy 
Ueidiog, a, clayey, muddy, dirty, miry 

(Ezek. xlvii. 11) 
lleidr, Uadron, n, thief, robber. — pen 

tjordd, highwayman, freebooter 
Ileidryn, pi. lladronach, n, petty thief 
lleiddiad, laid, n, killer, slayer 
tlleigio, V, to flee, to escape, to abscond 
tUeigus, a. Yn lleigus, anon, soon, 

presently 
lieihad, «, diminution, decrease 



tlleihadog, a, diminutival 

Ueihaol, a, diminishing, decreasing 
lleihau, v, to lessen, to diminish, to 
decrease, to reduce; to subtract 

Ueihedydd -ion, n, diminisher, reducer; 
subtracter 

Ueilai, ad, less and less 

Ueill, pH, pi. of Hall 

tlleill, pn= naill 

tlleipro, V. to devour, to consume 

tlleiprog -od, nf, lamprey 

tlleis(i)avvn, a, generous, libera! 

lleisio, V, to produce the voice, to sound, 
to utter; to bawl; to voice 

Ueisiol, a, vocal 

Ueisiwr, wyr, «, vocalist 

lleisw, n, lixivium, lye; urine 

lleithban, n = Heithon 

lleithder, lleithdra, n, damp, moisture, 
moistness, humidity ; softness 

tlleithdwn, m= Heithon 

tlleithiar, a, moist, watery 

fUeithig -au, nf, seat ; tlirone. Lleithig 
traed, footstool (I?a. Ixvi. i; Lam. ii. i) 

lleithion, np, fluids, liquids 

Ueitho, V, to damp, to moisten; to soften 

Heithon, n, milt of fish, soft roe 

llelo, n, dolt, llockhead (colloq.) 

Hem, af, sharp, acute, severe: m. llym 

llemain, v, to liop, to skip, to leap, to 
dance {2 Sam. vi. 16) 

fHemenig, a, bounding, prancing 

tllemhidydd, idyddion, »=Uamhidydd 

llempio, V, to guzzle, to gobble; to 
slobber 

Uemprog -od, nf, lamprey 

tHemysten -nod, nf, hawk, falcon 

lien, nf, literature; lore; learning, eru- 
dition. Lien a lleyg, clergy and laity. 
Lien gwerin, folklore. Glî)r llên, a 
learned man, a scholar; clergyman; 
scribe t 

Hen -ni, nf, sheet; veil, curtain, hang- 
ing. — gel, — gudd, veil, covering 
(Ex. xxxiv. 33) 

llencyn, n, stripling, lad 
llengar, a, devoted to literature; 
learned 

Hen-gig, nf, tlie diaphragm, the midriff. 

Tor lien-gig, hernia, rupture 
llcnlliain, lUeiniau, nf, sheet (Acts x. 2) 
llennu, v, to veil, to envelop 
tllenog, a, literate, literary, learned. 
Henogion, literati 

25S 



Ate^ û#x4<^>^ 



LLEN 



LLETH 



lienor -ion, n, literary man, litterateur 
llenora, v, to practise literature 
llenoriaeth, n/=llenyddiaeth 

llenorol, a, literary 
Uenwad, n, filling; flowing 
ilenwi, V, to fill; to flow in 
llenydda, v, to practise literature 
llenyddiaeth -au, ;;/, literature 
llenyddol, a, literary. Cyfarfod llenyddol, 

(literary and) competitive meeting 
tUeodr -on, n, reader 
lleo!, ,1, local 

Ueoli, V, to place, to locate; to localize 
lleoliad, n, location; localization 
tllepian, v, to lap, to lick up (Judges 

vii. 5) 
tiler, en (Uerren, ;//), cockle, darnel 
ilercian. v, to lurk; to loiter 
llerciwr, wyr, n, lurker, loiterer 
llercyn -nod, n, loiterer, lurker, lout 
Uerpyn, n, shred, rag 
illerth, n, frenzy: a, frenzied, frantic 
tllerthu, V, to turn frantic, to rave 
tllerw, a, empty; soft, tender, delicate; 

squeamish, dainty 
tllerw-wag, a, vapid, vain 
lies, u, benefit, profit, good, advantage 
llescâd, n, weakening, debilitating 
llescàu, V, to weaken, to languish, to faint 
llesfawr, a, bounteous, beneficent; bene- 
ficial 
Uesg, n, weak, feeble, faint; languid, 

slow, sluggish; slothfulf, negligent t 
llesgedd, «, weakness; languor; debility; 
slui^gishness; apathyf, slothf, indo- 
lence f, negligencet 
tUesgennu, v, to crush, to oppress 
tllesgethan, a, weak, feeble 
llesghau, v. See llescàu 
tllesgu, V, to grow feeble 
lleshad, n, profit, benefit, advantage 
Ueshaol, a, beneficial, advantageous 
Ueshau, v, to benefit, to confer or derive 

advantage, to profit, to avail 
llesiant, iannau, n, benefit, advantage 
llesio, V, to benefit, to profit to avail, 
llesmair, meiriau, n, fainting fit, swoon 
tUesmeirgerdd, n/, ecstatic song 
Uesmeirio, v, to swoon, to faint 
Uesmeiriol, a, faint; causing to swoon, 

enchanting, ravishing 
Uesol, a, beneficial, profitable, advan- 
tageous, salutary 
llesoli, ;;, to benefit 



Uestair, eiriau, n, hindrance, obstruction 
llesteirio, Uestair, v, to hinder, to im- 
pede, to obstruct, to baulk 
Uesieiriol, a, hindering, obstructive 
llesteiriwr, wyr, n, hinderer, obstructor 
llestr -i t-au, n, vessel; pot; matrix. 
Llestr gwenyn, beehive. Llestri pridd 
{ion), earthenware 
Uestraid, eidiau, n, vesselful; two and 

a half bushel measure 
ilestrîach, en, small vessels or utensils 
llestru, V, to put in a vessel, to pot 
llestryn, n, small vessel, pot 
Hesu, V, to benefit, to profit, to avail 
tlletbai, ÍÎ, awry; oblique 
tlletbeio, v, to slope, to slant, to decline 
lletchwith, a, awkward, clumsy 
lleiem, Uetam -au, nt, wedge, plate 
tlletemu, v, to wedge; to plate 
flletenia, «/, litany 
tUeteua, v= lletya 

tlleteugar, a, hospitable (2 Mace. vi. 2) 
tUetffer, a, halt strong; half savage 
tlletffol, a, silly foolish, stupid 
fllettfrom, a, froward, perverse, re- 
bellious; rash 
tlletgred, v, half believes 
tlletgynt, n, ruin, destruction, misery 
lletraws, n. Arletraws, aslant, obliquely 
tlletring-au, nf, stair, step, rung, ladder 
tUetrin, íí=lledriji 
Metro, n, a half turn 
tiletrog -au, «/, flat cake, cake 
tlletrudd -ion, a, somewhat red, reddish 
lletwad -au, nf, ladle, large spoon 
Uety -au, n, lodging; inn, hospice; 

abode 
lletya, v, to lodge, to put up, to quarter 
lletyaeth, nt, lodging 
lletyb -iau, n, suspicion 
lletybio, v, to suspect 
Uetygar, a. hospitable 
lletygarwch, n, hospitality 
tlletyo, tlletyu, 1;= lletya 
Uetywr, wyr, ;i, lodger; host 
lletywraig, wragedd, n/, woman lodgert; 

landlady 
tlleth, a, fem. of Uyth 
Uethen -nau, nf, wafer 
llethol, a, oppressive, overpowering, 

overwhelming 
llethr -au -i, nf, slope, declivity, steep 
Uethrfa -oedd, feydd, nf, slope, de- 
clivity 

259 



> W^i^S |2^.í^%>«5 SKX J/. 



LLETH 



LLIF 



tUeihrid -ion, «, flash, gleam 

juethridiant, «, coruscation 

llethridio, v, to flash, to gleam, to 
coruscate 

tUethrod, n=llythrod 

Ilethrog, a, sloping, steep, declining 

llethrii, V, to slope down, to incline 

llethu, i\ to overlie; to smother; to 
oppress, to overpower, to overwhelm, 
to crush 

tlleu, V, to place, to pet, to lay 

tUeu, V, to read 

tlleu, n, light (for goleu) 

Ueuad -au, n/, moon V^ 

Ueuadiad, n, lunation • 

lleuadoi, o, lunar 

Ueuatglat, a, moon-sick, lunatic 

tlleuedig, a, lousy 

lleuen, Ueuan, pi. llau, w/, louse 

tlleuer -au, « = neufer 

tlieueru, îí=lleuferu 

tlleufer -au, n, lijilit, brightness, splen- 
dour 

tUeuferu, v, to shine, to light, to illu- 
minate 

lleulys, n, stavesacre 

lleuog, fl, full of lice, lousy 

fUeutir, «, land, territory 

Hew -od, M, lion. Dant y Hew, dandelion 

llewa, V, to eat, to devour, to swallow, 
to gobble; to drink, to quaff, to 
gulp 

llewaidd, a, lionlike, leonine 

tllewenydd, w=llawenydd 

tliewenydd, n, sunset 

Uewcs -au, nf, lioness 

tile win, n, should^T 

tUewin, n= gorllewin 

Uewndid, n, fullness, abundance, plenty 
(S.W.) 

tllewni, t;=llenwl 

Uewpart, pardiaid, «, leopard 

tllëwr, wyr, n, reader 

tllewych, n, ligl^.t, brightness (the old 
form of llewyrchl 

tUewychedig, a, bright, brilliant 

tllewychlathr, a, sparkling, brilliant 

tllewychu, v, to shine 

llewyg -on, «, swoon, faint, trance. — 
yr idr, henbane. — y blaidd, hops. 
— y llau, stavesacre 

llewygfa -oedd, fâu, feydd, nf, swoon, 
faint 

llewygol, a, swooning, fainting 



llewygu, V, to swoon, to faint; to ob- 

scuret; to blinkt 
tllewyn, a, bright, gleaming 
tllewynog, n, meteor 
Uewyrch, », light, brightness, shine, 

lustre, radiance, gleam; flourishing 

appearance, success, prosperity 
llewyrchiad, w, shining 
Uewyrchiant, n, illumination 
llewyrchu, v, to shine 
llewyrchus, a, flourishing, prosperous, 

bright 
tllewyrn -au, n, meteor, ignis-fatuus 
tllewyrn, np foxes: s. Uywarn 
Ueyg, lleygol, a, lay 
lleyg -ion, ileygwr, wyr, n, lavman 

Hi, «=mf 

Uiain, llian, einiau, «, linen cloth, linen; 
canvas; towel, napkin. Nadd Uiain, 
lint. Lliain bwyd, (white) table-cloth. 
Lliain bwrdd, (coloured) table-cloth. 
Lliain sychu, towel. Lliain main, fine 
linen. Lliain sack, sackcloth 
tlliant, n, flood, stream 
tlliasu, V, to slay, to kill 
lliaws, n, host, multitude, throng 
llibin, a, flaccid, limp, soft, drooping, 
flabby; feeble; awkward, clumsy; 
futilet 
Uibindio, V, to thrash, to maul 
tUibindrwm, a, clumsy, ungainly 
tUiblnio, tllibino, v, to faint, to decay, 

to dilapidate 
llibyn, n, weakling 

Hid -au, n, ardourt, passiont; wrath, 
anger, indignation ; irritation, inflam- 
mation 
tHid -au, n, feast 

llidiart, llidiard, ardau, n & nf, gate 
llidio, V, to inflame, to chafe; to enrage; 

to be angry 
lidiog, a, angry, wrathful; inflamed; 

fierce 
Hidiowgrwydd, w, \\rath, indignation 
llidus, a= llidiog 
tHiein-gant, n, a circle of canvas 
tlliein-gig, uf, membrane ; the dia- 
phragm, the midrift 
llieiniwr, Hieinwerthwr, wyr, >i, linen- 

d rapier 
tlüein-naddion, np, tlHeinrwd, n, luit 
llieinwisg -oedd, ;;/, linen garment 
llif -iau, nf, saw, file Blawd llif, saw- 
dust 

260 



LLIF 

llif -ogydd, n, stream, flood, deluge 

tllifaid, a, ground, whetted 

llifanu, V, to grind on a grindstone 

(S.W.) 
llifddor -au, nf, flood-gate 
Uifddur -au, ni, hie, rasp (i Sam. 

Xlil.2l) 

llifddwfr, ddyfroedd, n, flood, torrent 
(Prov. xxviii. 3) 

tUifedigaeth, nf, grinding 

llifeiriad, n, flowing, flow 

Uifeiriant, iaint, n, flood 

llifeirio, V, to flow, to stream, to over- 
flow 

Ilifeiriol, a, flowing, streaming, over- 
flowing (Isa. XXX. 28) 

lliflad, n, sawing 

tlUflaid, a=llilaid 

tlliflant, n, flow flux, fluxion; phthisis 

llifio, V, to saw ; to file 

llifion, np, sawdust; fihngs 

lliflwr, wyr, n, sawyer 

Uifo, V, to flow, to stream 

llifo, II, to file; to grind on a grindstone. 
Maen Ui/(o), grindstone 

llifo, V. to dye=lliwio 

llilweli, iau, n, issue 

Uifwr, wyr, n, dyer 

tlliiwydd, np (-en, nf), sawn timber; 
'üiiards, planks 

fllill -od, nf, epithet for a goat 

tll'llen, itf. a young goat 

tlliinp, .(, sleek, glossy 

tUimpro, V, to sup, to sip 

tllimpryn, n, spoon-meat 

Uin, ;;, flax. Hnd llin, linseed 

Ilin -au -iau, h. line, string: nf, line, 
streak 

llinach -au, nf, lineage, pedigree 

tUinad, en (hedyn, n), linseed. Llinad 
(llinos) y dwfr, duckweed 

Ilinaidd, a, flaxen 

fllinagr, a, lukewarm 

llindag -au, «, snare; strangling; thrush 
in children 

lindagu, v, to snare; to strangle, to 
throttle, to choke (Matt, xviii, 28) 

llindro, n, the dodder 

Uindys, en, caterpillars=lindys 

llinell -au, nf, line; streak 

llinelliad, n, lineation 

Uinellog, a, marked with lines, lined, 
ruled 

Uinellol, a, linear 



LLITH 

Ilinellu, V, to draw lines, to line, to rule 

tllines, nf, lineage 

Uin-glwm, n. Cwlwm llin-glwm, tight 
knot 

llinhad, en. See llinad 

llinlarol, a, soothing, lenitive, pallia- 
tive 

lliniaru, v, to soothe, to assuage, to 
allav, to ease, to alleviate, to soften 

tlliniawdr, odron, n, rule, ruler 

tllinolin, ad, descended from line to 
line 

tUinon, a, ashen 

Uinor, Uinoryn, n, pustule, abscess 

llinorog, a, eruptive; purulent, sup- 
purating (Ex. ix. g) 

llinos -od, nf, linnet. — werdd, green- 
finch. — felen, yellow-hammer 

llinosen, ni, little Imnet 

llinos y dwfr, n, duckweed 

llinwr, wyr, n, flax-dresser 

tllinwydd, np, ash trees 

Uinyn -nau, n, line, string, twine. — 
mesur, measuring tape 

llinynnog, a, stringed, stringy 

llinynnu, v, to line, to strin,i< 

tllinys, n, lineage 

■fllios, a, numerous 

lliosog, etc. = lluosog, etc. 

Uipa, 1Í, flaccid, flabby, limp 

llipryn -nod, n, anything limp or flabby; 
a IÌ ibby or lank fellow, a hobblede- 
hoy ; a weakling 

iliprynnaidd, a, limp, flabby 

Uith -iau n, mash; lure, bait 

llith -iau -oedd, )í^ lesson, lecture 

llithen, nt, soft roe, milt 

llithiad -au, «, enticement, allurement, 
seduction 

ilithiadur -on, n, lectionary 

Uithio, V, to feedf;- to bait; to attract, 
to entice, to allure; to seduce 

tllithio, V, to let loose, to set on 

tllithiog, a, enticing, alluring 

Uithiwr, wyr, n, enticer; seducer 

Uithlyfr -au, n, lectionary 

ilithr -au, n, glide, slip; lapse 

llithred -au, nf, glide, slip 

tllithredig, a, slippery; lubricious; 
transitory 

Uithren -nau, nf, slide ; slur (in music) 

llithrfa -oedd, feydd, nf, slide 

Uithriad -au, n, glide, =lip 

Uithiig, a, slippery; glib, fluent 
261 



LLITH 



[.LONG 



llithrigfa, feydd, >;/, slippery place 

(Ps. Ixxiii. 1 8) 
Uithrigo, V, to make slippery, tc lubri- 
cate 
llithrigrwydd, », slipperiness; fluency 
llithro, V, to slip, to glide, to slide 
Uithr-raddla, feydd, vf, sliding-scale 
llithrwadn -au, n, skate 
tUithryn, a, slipping 
lliw -iau, n, colour, hue, tint; dye; pre- 
text, pretence; appearancef, sem- 
blancef. — glas, indigo. — coch, 
madder. Liw dydd, by day, by day- 
light. Liw dydd goleu, in broad day- 
light. Liw nos, at night, by night, 
after dark 
lliwdeg, a, bright-hued 
lliwdy, dai, u, dye-house 
flliwed -awr, ;.'. troop, multitude, nation 
Uiwgar, a, of good colour, fair, bright 
Uiwiad, n, colouring 
tlliwiant, II. reproach=edliwiant 
Uiwiedig, a, coloured, tinted, stained 
Uiwio, Divvied, v, to rcproach=edliw 
lliwio, V, to colour, to dye, to tint; to 

blush 
lliwiog, a, coloured, tinted 
Uiwiwr, wyr, n, colourer, colourist 
lliwlys, ;;, dyeing plant; woad 
Hi wo, V, to colour, to dye; to blush 
fUiwo, i;=edliw 

Uiwus, (?, of good colour, fair, bright 
liiwydd -ion, ;;, colourer, dyer 
tlliwyddiaeth, nf, the art of d>eins 
Ho, pi. lloi, lloiau, M, calf 
Hob -au, 11, dolt, blockhead 
Hoc -iau, n, mound; pen, fold; dam; 

enclosure; lock; monasteryt 
llocaid, eidiau, n, pen- or fold-ful; flock 
Uocio, V, to pen, to fold 
lloches -au, nf, refuge, shelter, hidinp- 

place, den, lair 
Uochesu, II, to harbour, to shelter 
llochi, ;;, to harbour, to shelter: tc. 
stroke, to caress, to fondle, to pamper, 
to indulge 
fllochiad, iaid, n, protector, patron 
tllochwyd, H, covert, wilderness 
llodi, V, to seek the boar, as a sow 
llodig, n, in heat (of a sow) 
Hodrau, r.p, trousers, breeches (Ex. 

xx\'iii. 42) 
llodrog, ri, trousered 
llodrwr, wyr, w, brecches-rraker 



tllodwedd -i, nf, mite, farthing 
tlloddi, V, to praise; to solace, to soothe 
Lloegrwys, np, inhabitants of England 

{Lloegr) 
Uoer -au, nf, moon 
lloeran -au, lloeren -nau -ni, nf, small 

moon, lunette; spot 
lloercen -nod, nf, moon-ralf, dolt 
lloergan, n, moonlight 
lloergant -au, n, (the 01b of) the moon 
Uoeriad, n, lunation 
lloerig, a, lunatic, insane: ;/. lunatic 
lloerigdy, dai, n, lunatic asylum 
lloerol, a, lunar 
UoesJ, V, to pour, to empty 
tUofelu, V, to caress, to stroke, to pat 
tllofi, V, to handle; to bestow; to give 
tllolion, nf, pickings, cullings 
tlloflen -nau, nf. glove, gauntlet 
Uofnodi, V, to si,in=llawnodi 
Uofnodiad -au, n, signature 
tllofres -au, nf, bosom 
Uofrudd -ion -iaid, n, murderer, homi 

cide 
Uofruddiaeth -au, nf, murder, homicide 
llofruddio, V, to murder 
llofruddiog, a, guilty of murder; mur- 
derous, homicidal 
Uofruddiwr, wyr, n, murderer 
tllofyn, n, wisp, lock 
Uofia, V. to glean 
tUoflai, eion, nc, gleaner 
lloffiad, M, gleaning 
lloflion, up, gleanings 
lloflt -ydd, nf, loft, bedroom; upstairs. 

— y grog, rood-loft. — capel, gallery. 

Ar lofft, upstairs 
Uoffwr, wyr, n, gleaner 
Uoflyn -nau, n, bundle of gleanings 
Hog -au, n, interest; hire (Zech. viii. 10) 
tHogail, eiliaii, n, bracer; fence; crib; 

pen; eaves-beam; coping (i Kings 

vii. 9) 
tHogawd, odau, nf, space parted off; 

closet, cupboard; drawer; chancel 
llogeH -au -i, nf, chest, receptacle, 

pocket 
Hogellaid, eidiau, nf, pocketful 
llogellu, V, to put up; to pocket 
llogi, V, to hire, to engage; to lend 
llogwr, wyr, n, hirer; money-lenderf 
tllogwrn, yrnod, u. pygmy, dwarf 
fllogylwydd, n, bier 
Hong -au f-oedd, ni, ship, vessel 
262 



LLONG 



LLUD 



tllong, af, damp, humid : m. Uwng 

llongan, ;;/, small ship, smack 

llongborth, byrth, n/, harbour; seaport 

llongddrylliad -au, n, shipwreck 

Ilongddryllio, v, to shipwreck 

Uongi, V, to ship 

llong-log -au, n, passage money, fare 

(Jonah i. 3) 
tllonglwyth -i, n, ship's load, cargo 
llong-lywydd -ion, n, shipmaster (Rev. 

xviii. 17) 
llongwr, wyr, n, shipman, seaman, sailor, 

mariner 
llongwriaeth, nf, seamanship; naviga- 
tion 
llongwrol, a, of a sailor, seamanlike 
Horn, a, fem. of llwm 
Hon, a, glad, cheerful, merry, jolly 
ilonaid, jlond , ;/. fullness, full. — Haw, 

handful 
Ilonder, Uonedd, ;;, gladness, joy 
Ilongyfarch, v, to congratulate, to feli- 
citate, llongyfarchion, congratula- 
tions 
llongyfarchiad -au, w, congratulation 
Uoniant, n, joy, cheer 
llonni, V, to cheer, to gladden, to 

brighten 
llonydd, a, quiet, still: n, quiet, calm. 

Gad lonydd iddo, leave it alone 
Ilonyddu, v, to quiet, to still, to calm; 

to appease, to satisfy 
Uonyddwch, n, quietness, quiet 
fllopan -au, nf, buskin; boot; shoe 
llorchan, v, to loll about, to lounge 
tllorf -au, )!./. pillar; shank, shaft; pipe 
tllorf, a, timid, cowardly (Uofr) 
tllorfdant, dannau, n, tlie bass string of 

a liarp 
tlloring, n, ivory 
llorio, V, to lay a floor, to floor; to 

ground! 
llorion, np, sweepings; bottoms 
Ilorlen -ni, nf, floor-cloth; carpet 
llorp -iau, nf, shankf; cart-shaft 
fllorsiamp, n, coat of mail 
Uorwedd, a, horizontal 
Ilorweddol, a, prostrate 
fllorwydd, np (-en, ;;/), laurel-trees 
tllory, M, spear (Irish lorg) 
Uosg, u, burning; arsonf; burn, scald 
heat ; inflammation : a, burning, burnt. 
— eira, cliilblains, frost-bite. — cylla, 
heartburn. Mynydd llos%, volcai.o 



Uosgaberth -au, n, burnt sacrifice 

Uosgach, n, incest 

Uosgadwy, n, burning; combustible 

fllosgau, np, cauteries 

llosgedig, a, burnt; burning 

Ilosgedigaeth -au, nf, burning 

Uosgen -ni, ;;/, blister (in pharmacy) 

llosgf^, fâu, feydd, iit, burning; inflam- 
mation; fever 

Uosgfaen, feini, >i, brimstone, sulphur 

tllosgfal -au -oedd, n, volcano 

llosgfynydd -oedd, n, volcano 

Hosgfynyddol, a, volcanic 

Uosgi, V, to burn, to scorch; to smart 

llosgiad -au, n, burning, burn 

llosgrach, en, itch, rash, eruption 

tllosgradd, nf, seraphim 

llosgwr, wyr, n, burner 

llosgwrn, yrnau, 11, tail (Ex. iv. 4) 

Uosgwydr -au, n, burning-glass 

llosgyrnog, a, having a tail, tailed 

llosnur, n, phosphorus 

tllost -au, nf, tail; sting; dart; spear, 
lance, javelin ; penis 

llostlydan -od, n, beaver 

llostodyn, n, metre so called 

tllowgist, nf, hand-chest, cabinet 

•fllowrodd, m/= Uawrodd 

llu -oedd, n, throng; host, army. Y 
Lin Du, Danes, Scandinavians 

tlluarth -au, nl, vegetable garden 

Uuaws, n. See Uiaws 

tlluch -ed, 11, lightning: a, flashing, 
gleaming 

tlluchaden, n/=llucheden 

tlluchddu, a, bright or glossy black 

lluched, np (-en, iit), gleams, lightnings 

lluched, nf, lightning 

llucheden -nau, lluched, «/, flash of 
lightning; fit of fe\ert 

flluchedennog, tHuchedennol, a, flash- 
ing, gleaming 

tUuchedennu, v, to flash, to gleam 

flluchedig, a, with frequent lightning; 
flashing, gleaming, brilliant 

Uuchedu, v, to flash, to gleam 

lluchfa, feydd, nf, drift; throw 

lluchio, V, to threw, to fling, to pelt 

lluchiwr, wyr, n, thrower 

tlluchlwyd, a, light grey 

tlluchwayw, waywyr, nf, javelin, dart 

tlluch wres, n, ardent heat 

tUuchynt, v, assault, attack, rush, sally 

lludlyd, n, ashy; full of ashes 
263 



jCÄ*AjlMUAíl 



LLUD 



LLUW 



lludw, n, ashcs, ash. Dyad Mercner y 
Lludw, Ash-Wednpsday 

tlludwy, M= lludw 

lludy, H=lludw (S.W.) 

lludd -ion, n, obstacle, hindrance, im- 
pediment 

tlludd, a, faint 

lludded -ion, n, weariness, fatigue 

lluddedig, a, weary, wearied, tired, 
fatigued; wearying, fatiguing 

lluddedu, v, to weary, to tire, to fatigue 

lluddedwisg, n/, fatigue-dress 

lluddiant, m, hindrance, prevention; ob- 
struction 

Iluddias, lluddio, v, to hinder, to prevent ; 
to obstruct, to impede; to forbid 
(Acts X. 47) 

lluddiwr, wyr, n, hinderer 

tHuedda, fHuydda, v, to wage war, to 
fight (Isa. xxix. 8) 

tllueddog, a, having a host 

tllueddwr, wyr, », soldier, warrior 

tllueiddiad, iaid, w=llueddwr 

lluest -au, n, tent, booth (Isa. xxxviii. 12) 

llaestfa, feydd, n/, camp, encampment 

Uuestu, I', to encamp 

lluestwr, wyr, n, one who encamps 

Uuesty, tai, m, tent, booth (Isa. i. 8) 

tllug, n, light : a, bright 

jllug n, plague, pestilence 

Uugaeron, np, cranberries 

fllueanu, v, to n;end and polish arms 

tllugas, nf, light; luminary 

tllugdwym, a, lukewarm, tepid 

tllugdde, a, bright, brilliant 

tllugenydd -ion, n, armourer 

tlluglawn, a, luminous, brilliant 

tlueoer, a, bright and coolf; lukewarm 

tllugorn, gym, «, lantern, lamp, light, 
luminary ; jewel 

Human -au, n, banner, standard, ensign 

llumanog, a, bannered 

Dumanwr, wyr, llumanydd -ion, h, 
standard-bearer; ensign 

tllumon -au, /;, smoke; chimney 

llun -lau, ", form, shape, fashion, image, 
figure, effigy; picture. Tynnu Run, to 
draw, to sketch ; to photograph 

Llun, Dydd Llun, n, Monday {dies lunce) 

llungar, a, shapely, comely 

lluniaeth, n, tood, nourishment, susten- 
ance 

tHuniaeth, nf, decree, providence 

fllnniaethio, t)=lluniaethu 



lluniaethu, v, to order, to marshal; to 
array; to purpose; to ordain, to 
determine, to decree ; to provide 
(2 Sam. xxxiii. 5) 

Uuniaidd, a, shapely, well formed 

Uuniant, n, formation 

lluniedydd -ion, h. delineator; artist 

fllunieithio, z;=lluniaethu 

llunio, V, to form, to shape, to fasliion 

lluniol, a, formative, forming 

lluniwr, wyr, n, former, framer, maker, 
fabricator; draughtsman 

fllunpren, n, shrine; chest 

Uunwedd -au, nf, mode, form 

llunweddiad -au, n, modification 

Uunweddu, v, to modify 

tlluosi, V, to multiply, to increase 

Uuosog, a, numerous; plural. Lluosoc- 
ach, more numerous. Lluosocaf, most 
numerous 

lluosogi, V, to multiply 

lluosogiad, 11, multiplication 

lluosogrwydd, w, numerousness ; multi- 
tude, host, troop 

lluosogwr, wyr, lluosogydd, ion, n, multi 
pher 

lluos(s)ill, a, polysyllabic. Gair llu- 
os(s)iU, polysyllable 

tlluosydd, np, hosts 

tlluosydd -ion, n, multiplier 

tllurgun, n, carcase 

Uurgunio, v. to mangle, to mutilate 

llurguniwr, wyr, m, mangier, mutilator 

Unrig -au, nf, coat ot mail, armour; 
hauberk, cuirass ; breastplate 

Uurigog, a, mail-clad 

Uurigydd -ion, n, armourer 

llurs -od, uf, razor-bill 

Ilus, llusi, up (-en, )//), bilberries 

llusa, V, to gather bilberries 

llusern -au, nf, lantern, lamp 

fllusg, n, track, trail 

Uusg -ion, n, draught; drag. Car llusg, 
drag, sled, sledge 

ilusgen, /;/, crawler, slowcoach 

Ilusgfad -au, ;;, tuglioat 

Uusgiad -au, n, dragging; drawl 

Uusgo, V, to drag, to hale, to haul; to 
trail; to crawl; to drawl 

llusgwr, wyr, n, dragger, slowcoach 

llutrod, ÌÌ, mire, ashes, debris 

llutrodi, V, to soil, to foul 

Iluwch -ion, n, dust; spray; snow-drift 

Iluwchio, r, to dust; to spray; to drift 
?64 



LLUY 

flluydd -au, n, host, army; camp 
■flluydda, v, to wage war 
tlluyddiaeth, ni, fHuyddiant, n, warfare, 

hostility 
tlluyddio, tJluyddo, v, to muster, to 

marshal, to set in battle array 
tUuyddog, a, of hosts 
flluyddol, Í7, mihtarv, warrine, bel- 
ligerent 
tHuyddu, V, to wage war 
tlluyddwr, wyr, n, soldier, warrior 
llw -on t-au t-aint, fHyfau, fHyfon, 

tllyau, fllyain, n, oath 
llwch, 11, dust, powder 
tllwch. llychau, n, lake, loch 
fllwdai, eiod, nf, sow 
ilwdn, Uydnod, tHydyn, n, young of 
animals; beast; wether. ^Llwdn 
hwch, pig. t— i'^i't chicken 
tllwf, Uyfaii, llyfon, n, oath 
tUwfn, a=llyfn 
llwfr, a, timid, cowardly, craven: /. 

llofr 
llwfr, llyfriaid, llyfrion, n, coward, 

craven 
llwfrdra, n, cowardice 
Uwfrddyn, llwtrgi, n, coward 
llwfrhau, v, to become timid or dis- 
heartened ; to faint (Prov. xxiv. lo) 
tllwff, llyfflon, n, jerk, hop, hobble 
tllwg, Hygon, n, what is bright; what is 

li^■ld: blotch; scurvy 
tllwg, (7, pcur\-y; livid 
llwglyd, a, hungry, famished 
Ilwgr, llygrau, n, damagef; corruption; 

gall, fret: a, corrupt 
llwgrwobrwy -on, n, bribe 
llwgrwobrwyo, v, to bribe 
llwgrwobrwywr, wyr, w, briber 
llwgu, V, to starve, to famish (for 

llewygu) 
+llwng, Í11ÌI, damp, humid : /. Ilong 
llwm, a. bare, naked, exposed; destit\ite, 

poor, mean: /. Horn 
llwmbren -nau, ;:, kiln spar=llymbren 
Ilwnc, fllwng, n, gulp, swnll' w, draught ; 

the gullet 
Ilwncdestun -au, n, toast (health) 
tllwrf, í7 = llwfr 

fllwrw, );, path, course, way; form, 
manner, semblance: pr, towards, on 
account of. Llwrw ci gefn, back- 
wards. — ei ben. headlong (dial. Uwyr) 
fllwrw, n, club, baton ; spear 



LLWY 

fllwrwg, n, dross, dregs, sediment 

tllwry, u= llwrw 

llwtra, n, slime, mud, alluvium, silt 

llwtrach, en, dirt, slush 

llwy -au, nf, spoon, ladle; spatula; 

trowel. Bwyd llwy, spoon-meat 
llwyaid, eidiau, nf, spoonful 
llwyar, erau, llwyarn, erni, nf, trowel, 

shovel 
Uwybr -au, n, path, track. Llwyhr 

Llaethog, Milky Way, Galaxy 
tHwybraidd, a, easy, ready, dexterous, 

expeditious 
Ilwybreiddiad, n, direction 
llwybreiddio, v, to direct, to forward, 

to expedite 
llwybro, v, to walk, to go 
Uwybrwr, wyr, n, wayfarer 
Uwybrydd -ion, n, pathmaker, pathfinder 
Uwyd, a, brown; grey; pale; hoary; 
venerable; blessedf, holyf. Brawd 
Ihvyd, grey friar. Papur Uivyd, brown 
paper. Aderyn Uwyd y to, sparrow. 
Llwyd y haw, — y gwrych, hedge- 
sparrow 
llwydaidd, a, greyish, palish 
llwyd-ddu, a, dark grey 
tllwydedd, n, greyness ; grey hairs 
llwydlas, a, greyish blue: n, horned 

poppy 
llwydni, llwydi, n, greyness, hoariness; 
paleness; mouldiness, mould, mildew 
Uwydnos, nf, dusk, twilight 
llwy do, V, to turn grey; to brown; to 

turn mouldy 
llwydrew, n, hoar-frost 
Uwydrewi, v, to cast hoar-frost 
llwydrewog, a, frosted with hoar-frost, 

hoary 
llwydwyn, a, drab colour, greyish white 
llwydd, n, success, prosperity 
Ilwyddfawr, a, prosperous, flourishing 
tllwyddiannu, v, to succeed, to prosper 
llwyddiannus, a, successful, prosperous 
llwyddiant, iannau, n, success, prosperity 
llwyddo, V, to succeed, to prosper 
Ilwyeidio, v. to ladle 
llwyfan -au, nf. formf, framef; loft, 

platform, stage 
Uwyfanen, nf, elm 
Uwyfen, llwyf, nf, the elm; teil [=lime] 

tree (Isa. vi. 13) 
tllwyg -au -od, n, faint 
fUwygo, V, to faint, to tire, to fail 
26s 



LLWY 



LLYF 



flwyn -i t-au, n, grove; bush 

Uwyn -au, n/, the loin 

llwynhidydd, n, the ribwort 

tllwynin, a, of the grove 

tllwyno, V, to become a grove 

Ilwynog -od, n, fox 

llwynogaidd, a. fox-like, foxy, vulpine 

llwynoges -au, »/, vixen 

Uwynogol, a, vulpine, foxy 

llwynogwydd, n/, bergander 

llwynogyn, n, young fox, fox cub 

Ilwynwst, nf, lumbago 

llwyo, V, to use a spoon ; to ladle 

Uwyr, a, utter, clean, perfect, entire, 
full , complete, total : ad, quite, totally, 
entirely, completely, altogether : pv, 
total 

llwyr, n & pa. See llwrw. — ei ben, 
headlong. — ei gefn, backwards 
(S.W.) 

tUwyraidd, a, thorough 

Uwyrdeb, Uwyredd, llwyrni, n, complete- 
ness, entireness 

llwyrddrwg, a, thoroughly bad, in- 
famous (2 Mace. xiv. 27) 

llwyrddwys, a, tliorough. Yn llwyr- 
ddwys, throughly (Ps. li. 2) 

llwyredd, llwyrni, n. See Uwyrdeb 

fllwyrwys -ion, nf, general summons, 
convocation, diet 

llwyrymatal, v, to abstain totally 

Uwyrymataliad, n, total abstinence 

Uwyrymataliwr, wyr, n, total abstainer 

llwyrymwrthod, v. to abstain totally 

llwyrymwrthodiad, n, total abstinence, 
teetotalism 

llwyrymwrthodol, a, teetotal 

llwyrymwrthod wr, wyr, n, total ab- 
stainer, teetotaller 

tllwys, fllwysog, a, fair, comely, pure, 
holy 

llwytgoch, n, russet colour: a, of do. 

Uwytu, a, dark grey 

Uwyth -au, n, tribe, clan 

llwyth -i -au, n, load, burden 

Uwytho, V, to load, to burden 

Uwythog. a, laden, burdened 

Uwythwr, wyr, n, loader 

Uwythwr, wyr, n, tribesman 

tUyain, fHyau, np, oaths: s. llw 

tUychawl, a, of dust 

Uychlyd, a, dusty 

Llychlynigion, np, Scandinavians 

Llychlynnlg, a, Scandinavian 



Uychu, V, to dust 

llychwin, n, dusty; spotted; soiled 

Uychwino, v, to make or become dusty; 
to spot, to tainish, to soil, to stam, 
to foul, to mar, to sully (Isa. Ixiii. 3) 

llyehyn, n, parti'-Ie of dust, mote 
llydan, a, broad, wide, spacious. Llydan 

y ffordd, waybread, plantain 
tllydander, fHydandra, tHydanedd, n, 
broadness, breadth, width, latitude 

tllydanu, v, to broaden, to expand, to 
dilate; to diffuse 

Llydawaidd, a, of Brittany, Breton 

Llydaweg, nf, the language of Brittany, 
Breton 

Llydawr, wyr, n, native of Brittany, 
Breton 

Llydewig, a, of Brittany, Breton 

tUydlyd, a, ashy 

llydnu, V, to bring forth, to foal 

tUydw, a & ;i = lle[iw 

tllydwog, a=lledw 

tllydy, n=lludw 

tUydd, «, plain, expanse 

tllyerw, íî=Ilerw 

fllyfasu, ii=llafasu 

jllyfasus, a=llafasus 

tllyfau, tllyfon, np. oaths: s. Uw 

tUyfedigrwydd, n, stream, torrent 

Uyfedu, v, to pant (S.W. dial.) 

llyfelu, V, to invent, to devise, to 
imagine, tn guess; to likent 

llyfelu, V, to level (lefelu) 

llyfelyn, n, stye 

tllyien -au -i, nf, tlie loin=llwyn / 

tllyfenol, t, relating to the loins, lumbar 

tllyferthin, a, exhausted, wearied; slug- 
gish, lazy 

fUyferthu, v, to fatigue; to be wearied 

tllyfi, a, slovenlv 

Uyfiad -au, n, hck 

llyfn, am, smooth, sleek, even, level, 
plane : /. llofn 

Uyfndeg, a, fair and smooth 

Uyfnder, n, smootlmess, sleekness 

llytndew, a, plump, sleek 

Uyfndra, n, smoothness 

Uyfnhad, llyfniad, n, making smooth 

Ilyfnhau, v, to smooth; to level; to 
polish ; to plane 

llyfnu, V, to smooth, to level; to harrow 

Hyfnwyn, a, white and smooth 

llyfr -au, n. book 

tUyfran, n, little book, booklet 
266 



^ ^oe ^ jfSf^ 'JU^ Jew." 



l.LYF 



LLYM 



llyfrbryf -ed, n, bookworm 
Uyfrder, llyfrdra, etc. = llwfrdra, etc. 
Ilyfrdy, dai, n. library (2 Macc. ü. 13) 
Uyfrfa -oedd, ;■/, library; bookroom 
Uyfrgell -oedd, u/, library; bookcaset 
llyfrgellydd -ion, n, librarian 
tllyfrgrawn, gronau, n, collection of 

books, library 
Uyfrithen, od, nf, stye in the eye 
llyfrnod -au, n, bookmark 
tllyfrodedd, n, misery 
llyfronydd -ion, n, bookman, biblio- 
phile 
Uyfrothen -nod, nf, gudgeon 
llyfr-rwymwr, wyr, n, bookbinder 
llyfru, V, to put in a book, to book 
Uyfrwerthwr, wyr, llyfrwerthydd -ion, 

:i, bookseller 
llyfrwr, wyr, n, bookmar, librarian 
llyfrydd -ion, n, bibliographer 
Ilyfryddiaeth, nf, biblio^rapliv 
llyfryddol, a, bibliographical 
llyfryn -nau, n, booklet, pamphlet 
llyfu, V, to li. k 

Uyflan -od -iaid, n=llyflant (S.W.) 
llyffant, aint, -od, n, fros ; toad. Llyffant 
melyn, frog. Llyffant du [dafadeniiog), 
toad 
jt. 1 1 UySethair, eiriau, nf, fetter, shackle; 
1 ' clog ; fetlock 

Ilyffetheirio, ;', to shackle, to fetter 
llyg -od, n. niouset; shrew (mouse) 
fllyg, np & en, cheesemites 
tllyg -ion, a & n=lleyg 



llygatgoch, a, red- or blear-eyed 

llygatgrafT, a, keen-eyed, sharp-sighted; 
acute; observant 

Uygatgroes, llygatraws, a, cross-eyed 

Ilygatynnu, f=lly?ad-dynnu 

ilygedyn, n, ray of light 

Uygeidiog, a, having eyes or holes 

Uygeidyn, »== Ilygedyn 

llygeitu, a, black-eyed 

llygliw, ;i, mouse-colour: a, of do., grey 

llygoden, pi. llygod, nf, mouse. Llygod 
Ffrengig [Ffreimg], Llygod mawr, rats 

llygoer, a=llugoer 

tllygorn, gyrn, n=llagorn 

ilygota, V, to catch mice 

llygotwr, wyr, n, mouse-catcher; rat- 
catcher; mouser: /. llygotwraig 

llygradwy, a, corruptible (i Cor. xv. 53) 

tUygrant, n, damage, destruction, havoc 

llygredig, a, corrupt, depraved, degraded; 
defiledt, violatedt 

llygredigaeth -au, nf, corruption, de- 
pravity 

llygredd, n, corruptness, corruption, 
depravity 

Hygriad -au, n, corruption, adulteration 

llygrol, a, corrupting, corruptive 

Uygru, r, to corrupt; to adulterate; to 
violatet ; to damagef, to marf, to 
spoilt 

llygrwr, wyr, n, corrupter, adulterator 

tllygu, '-■, to break out; to spot 

llygwyn, ;t, the herb orach 

Ilynges -au, nf, fift, navy 



llygad, aid, -au, n, eye, or the like; fat llyngesol, a, naval 



on broth. Llvi^ad ffynnon, fountain- 
head — maharen, limpet. — y 
dvdd, daisy 

llygad-dynnu, v, to bewitch (Gal. iii. i) 

llygad-ddu, a, black-eyed 

llygadfrith, a, wall-eyed 

Ilygadlas, a, blue-eyed 

llygadlym, a, keen-eyed, sharp-eyed 

llygadog, a, having an eye; sharp-eyed 

llygadol, a, optic, ophthalmic 

tllygadrudd, a, red-eyed : n, an accessary 
to crime (legal) 

llygadrwth, a, wide-eyed, staring 

Uygadrythu, v, to stare 

llygadu, V, to eye 

Uygadus, a, keen-eyed, observant 

llygaeron, np, cranberries (llugaeron) 

llygaibwl, a. dull-sifehted 

Uygatgam, a, squint-eyed 



tUyngesor -ion, n, admiral 
Uyngesu, v, to form a fleet 
llyngeswr, wyr, n, navy-man 
tUyngeswriaeth, nf, navigation 
llyngesydd -ion, n, admiral 
llyngyr, np {-en, nf), (intestinal) worms 
Hym, a, quickt; sharp, keen, acute, pene- 
trating, severe, austere, rigorous: /. 
Hem 
fllyma, tHyman, v. imper, lo here, 
behold (Matt. xxiv. 23). Mod. dyma 
llymaid, eidiau, n, drink, sip; fluid, 

liquid 
tllyman, v. See llyma 
llymanta, n, to pry about; to juggle 
llymarch, pi. Hymeirch, n, oyster 
Uymbren -nau, «, kiln spar 
llymder, n, sharpness, keenness; sever- 
ity, austerity, rigour (from llym) 
267 



LLY M 

llymder, llymdra, n, bareness, poverty, 

destitution (from Uwm) 
llymdost, a, sharp, acute, severe, rigor- 
ous 
llymdra, n. See Uymder 
llymeidfwyd, n, spoon-meat 
liymeidio, v, to sup, to sip 
llymeidyn, n, sip, drop 
liymeitian, llymeitio, v, to sip; to tipple 
Uymeitiwr, wyr, ;;, tippler, sot 
tUymesg, tHymest, a, bare; unsaddled 
Uymgi, gwn, n, sorry dog, cur 
llymglwm, glymau, v, hard or tight knot 
llymglymu, v, to tie tight 
llymgoes, a, bare-legged 
llymhau, v, to make bare ; to im- 
poverish (from llwm) 
llymhau, v, to make kern, to whet, to 

sharpen (from Uym) 
fllyminog, a, keen, intei -o. eager 
tllyminog, a, leaping, bounding 
llymrîaid, up (llymrîen, »/), sand-eels 
Uymrieita, v, to catch sand-eels 
llymrig, a, crude, raw; scantily clad; 
shabby-genteel; slipshod, limp, flabby 
Uymrigrwydd, n, crudeness 
Uymru, tHymruwd, n, fhimniery, sour 

oatmeal boiled and jellie ! 
tllymsi, a, flimsy, clumsy, naked, bare 
llymu, V, to sharpen, to whet 
Uymun, a, bare, naked, h'neth lymun, 

stark naked (Amos ii. ;6) 
llymwydd, up (-en, nf), kihi spars 
|llymysten -nod, nf, hawk, falcon 
Uyn -noedd -nau, n & «/f, lake, pond, 
pool ; liquid ; liquorj, drinkt- . ^Bwyá a 
Uyn, meat and drink. 
tUyn. Yn Uyn, thus (feUyn, fel hyn) 
tliŷn, a, contagious. fHaint Uyn, in- 
fection 
fllyna, v. imper, lo there, behold. Mod. 

dyna 
Uynciad -au, n, swallowing, swallow; 

draught, gulp 
llynclyn -noedd, w, vortex, gulf 
llyncoes, n, spavin 
llyncu, V, to swallow, to gtilp, to guzzle; 

to devour; to absorb 
Uyncwr, wyr, n, swallower, guzzler 
tllynedig, a, full, overflowing 
llynedd, n/, last year 
llyneiddiad, n, liquefaction 
Uyneiddio. v, to liquefy ; to dissolve 
Uyn-glwm, n, tight knot 



LLYS 

fllyngranc -od, n, a wen 

Uynmeirch, n, glanders 

tllynna, v, to tipple, to booze 

llynor, n, llynorog, a. See llinor, llin- 
orog 

tUynwyn, n, pool, standing water 

tllynwysawr, np, plagues 

Uyo, V, to lick (S.W.) 

tUŷr, pi. llyry, n. sea; flood 

llyren, u/, llyriad, laid, «, plantain 

tllyry -on )i/=llwrw 

tllyry -od, n, tortoise &^it. 

Ilys -oedd, n 8inJ^ court, hall, palace ÿt^r^ 

llys, n, sUme. Llys malwen, slimy trail 
of snail 

tllys, tllysiant, n, refusal 

llys, llysiau duon bach, up, bilberries 

-llys, n-suf, -wort, in plant-names 

ilysaidd, a, courtly, polite 

Uysblant, up, step-children 

llyschwaer, ohwiorydd, nf, step-sister 

llysenw -au, n, nickname, agnomen 

llysenwi, -', to nickname 

tllyseuoedd, n^= llysiau (double pi.) 

llysewyn, ;i = llysieuyn 

llysiab, feibion, n, step-son 

llysfam -au, nf, step-mother 

Jiysferch -ed, nf, step-dau,L;hter 

tllysfil -od, n, zoophyte 

llysfrawd, frodyr, n, step-brother 

tilysfwyd, n, loatliing of food 

tUysg -iau -ion, n, rod, wand, stick, 
chip 

fllysgbren -nau -ni, n, billet, stick 

Uysgenhadaeth, genadaethau, nf, era- 
l.idSiv; legation 

Uysgenhadol, a, diplomatic; ambassa- 
dorial 

llysgennad, hadau, hadon, iic, Itysgen- 
hadwr, wyr, n, ambassador 

tUysiad, tllysiant, n, rejection, refusal 

llysiau, lip (llysieuyn, n), herbs, plants, 
vegetables. Llysiau ymborth, vege- 
tables. Gardd lysiau, vegetable gar- 
den, kitchen garden. Llysiau Gwydd- 
elig, parsnips. Llysiau'r cwsg, pop- 
pies. Llysiau'r dryw, agrimony. 
Llysiau'r llau, stavesacre. Llysiau 
pen tai, house-leek. (Llysiau forms 
part of innumerable herb names) 

llysieua, v, to collect herbs or plants 
llysieuaeth, h/, botany 
Uysieudy, dai. n, conservatory 
llysleuedd, »;, herbaceousness 
268 



LLYS 



LLYW 



llysieulyd, a, flowery, herbiferous; 

grassyt 
llysieulyfr -au, n, herbal 
Uysieuo, v, to pi educe plants 
Uysieuog, a, herbaceous 
Uysieuol, a, relating to plants, bot- 
anical ; herbal, vegetable 
Uysieuwedd, a, herbaceous 
llysieuwr, wyr, n. herbalist 
llysieuydd -ion, n, botanist 
Uysieuyn, Ilysiau, n, herb, plant 
llysnafedd, n, snivel, mucus, slime 
Ilysnafeddog, a. slimy, snivelling ; 

phlegmy 
llysol, a, beloncing to a court 
Uysowen -nod, «/=llysywen 
Uystad -au, n, step-father 
Uysty, tai, n, court-house, guild-ball 
tllystyn -au, «, a city where a king's 

court is kept (a proper name) 
tllysu, V, to reject, to refuse; to disallow 

(Acts iv. II) ; to become corrupt 
llyswr, wyr, n, courtier 
Uysywen -nod, llysywod, n/, eel. Llys- 

vwen bendoll, lamprey 
llysywenna, v, to catch eels 
Uytrod, H=llutrod 
llytrodi, j;=lIutrodi 

tllyth, a, soft, tender, feeble : /. fUeth 
llythi, np (îen, »/), flounders, flat-fish 
tllythr, c«=llythyr 

llythreniaeth, «/, orthography; literalism 
Uythrennog, a, Uterate 
llythrennol, a, literal 
Uythrennu, v, to letter; to spell 
Uythreniiydd, enyddion, », type-founder 
llythrenoliaeth, nj, Hteralism 
Uyihrenolwr, wyr, n, literalist 
tllythrod, M=llutrod 
tllythwr, wyr, n, feeble one, weakling 
Ilythyr -au -on, n, inscribed charac- 

tert; epistle, letter, t — cymyn, will. 

t — cynmvys, commission, f — ysgar, 

divorce, t ^ " Uawn Ilythyr, distinctly 
fllythyr, en, letters {of the alphabet) 
llythyraeth, ji/, orthography 
UythyrdoU -au, nf, postage 
llythyrdref -i, h/, post-town 
llythyrdy, dai, n, post-office 
llythyren, Uythrennau, nf, letter; type. 

Prij lythrennau, CAPITAL letters. 

Prif lythrennau man, small capitals 
llythyren-. See llythren- 
Uythyrfa -oedd, feydd, nf, post-ofi6ce 



llythyrgludydd -ion, n, letter-carrier 

llythyrgod -au, nf, mail 

Jlythyrnod -au, n, postage-stamp 

llythyrog, a, of letters, lettered, Uterate. 
tllythyrogion, literates, literati 

tllythyrol, a, literate, literary 

Uythyru, v, to spell; to write, to cor- 
respond 

llythyrwr, wyr, llythyrydd -ion, n, 
letter-writer 

Uythyryn -nau, n, billet, note 

!lyw -iau, M, ruler, governor; rudder, 
helm ; tail|; traint 

Uywaeth, a, reared by hand, tame, 
aftectionate=llawfaeth. Oen Uywaeth, 
pet lamb 

llywanen, «/=lIywionen 

tllywarn, llewyrn, n, fox 

tUywenydd, /!, sunset 

tllyweth -au, n/, ringlet, lock (Cant vi. 7) 

tllywethan, nf, leviathan 

tllywethau, np, muscles, ' flakes ' (Job 
xli. 23) 

tllywethog, a, muscular, brawny; in 
ringlets 

tllywiadur, a, ruling 

Uywiaeth, /t/, llywiant, n, guidance, 
direction, rule 

llywiawdr, odron, llywiawdwr, wyr, n, 
ruler, governor 

fllywiawdwriaeth -au, nf, rule, govern- 
ment 

tllyw(i)edydd -ion, n, governor; director; 
pilot 

tllyw(i)edyddiaeth, nf, rule, govern- 
ment ; pilotage 

Hywio, tllywiedu, v, to rule, to govern, 
to direct, to steer 

Ilywionen, nf, (coarse canvas) sheet 

fllywiwg, w, roebuck 

Uywiwr, llywwyr, n, steersman, helms- 
man 

tllywod-ddysg, n, politics 

lly wodraeth -au, nf, government, govern- 
ance, control 

llywodraethiad, n, governing, ruling; 
government, rule, control 

Ilywodraethol, a, governing, ruling; 
dominant 

Ilywodraethu, v, to govern, to rule, to 
control 

llywodraethus, a, governing, ruling; 
well governed, well controlled 

llywodraethwr, wyr, n, governor, ruler 
269 



LLYW 

ìlywodraethwraig, wragedd, m/, gover- 

ness, rultr, mistress 
fllŷwr, n, leader (llëwr) 
jllywy, uf, maiden : a, fair, beautiful 
tUywychedig, a=llewychedig 
llywydd -ion, n, president; governort; 

steersmant (James iii. 4) 
ilywyddes -au, n/, female president 
llywyddiaeth -au, n/, presidency 
llywyddol, a, presidential 
Uywyddu, v, to preside 

M 
tma, pi. mäau, n/, place 
mab, meibion, tmeib, «, male; boy; son. 

Mab uillt, alien, bondsman, villein. 

Mab maeth, foster-son 
mabaidd, a, filial 
maban -od, n, babe, baby 
mabanaidd, a, babyish, childisli (Heb. 

V. 13) 
mabandod, n, childliood, infancy 
tmabcainc, ceinciau, nf, shoot, sucker 
jmabcath -od, nc, kitten 
tmabcorn, mepcyrn, n, core of a horn 
tmabddall, «, blind from birth 
tmabddysg, n, what is first learnt; 

elementary instruction 
tmabgar, a, fond of children 
mabgoU, ;;/, the poppy 
fmabgynnwys, n, adoption 
mabîaidd, a, puerile, childish 
mabiaith, nf, baby talk, prattle ; 

caressing speech 
tmabin, a, juvenile, infantine 
tmabinaidd, a, cliildish, youthful 
mabinog, n, apprentice bard 
mabinogi, ogion, n, the stock in trade 

of a mabinog; also used for a story 

of infancy — 'Mabinogi lesu Grist': 

romance 
tmablan -nau, nf, burial-place 
tmabliw -iau, ;i, reflected hue 
tmablygad, aid, n, the pupil ot the eye 
mabmaeth -au -od, n, foster-son 
maboed, n, childhood, infancy, youth; 

minority, nonage 
raabol, ft, child-like ; filial 
mabolaeth, n/, sonship; boyhood, youth, 

minority, nonage 
mabolaidd, «, youthful, boyish 
mabolgamp -au, nf, (juvenile) game, 

sport, feat 
tmabradd -au, nf, bachelor's degree 



MAD 
mabsant -au, h, patron saint 
tmabsanta, v, to canonize 
•fmabwaith, n, a child's task 
mabwysiad, tmabwys, n, adoption 
mabwysiadol, a, adoptive; adopted 
mabwysiadu, v, to adopt 
macai, eiod, maceiad, aid, n, maggot, 

ijrub, caterpillar, larva 
tmacon, up, berries= bacon 
tmacraeth, nf, tutelage, patronage 
macrell, pi. meeryll, nf, mackerel 
macsu, V, to brew (S.W.) 
macswr, wyr, n, brewer: /. maeswraig 
tmacwy -aid, n, youth, boy, youngster, 

page, armour-bearer, tesquire 
tmacwyaidd, a, youthful 
tmacwyf -aid, n=macwy 
macyn, n, napkin. Macyn paced, 

pocket-handkerchief (dial.) 
tmach, meichiau, n, security, surety, bail 
fmachdaith, ;;/, maiden 
tmachdeyrn, u, overlord, sovereign 
machlud, machludiad, n, setting, going 

down. Machlud haul, sunset 
machlud, machludo, v, to set, to go 

down (ymachludd) 
machnio, &c. See mechnio, &c. 
machnîydd, n, mediator (Heb. vii. 22) 
mad, a, good, goodly (poet.): nf, good 
madalch, madarch, n, toadstool; 

musliroom 
madfall -od, ;;/, lizard, newt 
madfeien, nf, usü. Y fad felen, (myth.) 

basilisk; (hist.) yellow plague; (bot.) 

knapweed. See bad 
madgall -od, n/= madfall 
tmadiain, a, good, goodly, bountiful 
tmadlywydd, n, governor 
fmadog, n, epithet for a fox, reynard 
madredd, n, putrefaction, suppuration, 

pus 
madreddog, a, putrescent, purulent; 

addled 
madreddu, v, to generate pus, to putrefy 
tmadroedd, np, putrid bodies 
t madron, n, a giddy person 
madrondod, n, giddiness, dizziness, 

stupefaction, astonishment (Ps. Ix. 3) 
madroni, v, to make or become dizzy 
madru, v, to putrefy, to fester, to rot 
madrudd -ion, n, marrow; cartilage 
madruddyn, n, cartilage. Madruddyn 

y cc'tii, spinal marrow, spinal cord 
tmadrwy -od, nf, newt, eft 
270 



\v^-ejLò 



ÍU^ IvLt ./uuO 



MAD 



MAE 



tmadryn, n=madyn 

tmadws, n, high time : a, timely, 

seemly, right, proper 
tmadyn, n, epithet for a fox, reynard 
madywydd, «, the sweetgale 
maddeu, v, to remit, to pardon, to 
forgive; to let j^o; to leavet, to quitf, 
to forsaket, to renouncef. {Maddeu 
meant originally to give up, to leave 
off ; then to throw off, and, meta- 
phorically, to forgive. — Note by E. A .) 
maddeuadwy, tmaddeuedig, a, pardon- 
able 
maddeuant. n, remission, pardon, for 

given ess 
maddeueb -au, nf, (papal) indulgence 
maddeugar, ((, ut a ioi giving disposition 
maddeugarweh, n, forgivingness 
maddeuol, rt, forgiving, pardoning; par- 
donable, venial 
maddeuwr, wyr, «, forgiver, pardoner 
mae, v. is, are; tliere, is, there are; 

where is?t (Gen. iv. g) 
maeden, nf, wench, slut, jade ('maiden') 
tmaeddgen -ion, nf= maethgen 
maeddu, v, to beat, to buiiet, to strike, 
to thump; to pound, to biuise ; to 
soil (N.W.) = baeddH 
mael -ion, nf, gain, profit, advantage, 

lucre; traffic 
tmael, n, mail, iron, steel 
maeldy, dai, «, shop 
tmaeler -laid, n, trafficker, trader 
tmaelera, v, to traffic, to trade 
tmaeieriaeth, nf, traffic, trade, commerce 
maelfa -oedd, nf, shop 
tmaelged -ion, )if, tribute; toll 
maelgi, gwn, n, the angel fish 
maeliant, n, advantage, gain 
fmaelier -on, n, merchant, trafficker 
fmaeliera, v, to traffic, to trade 
tmaelieres -au, nf, female merchant, 

chapwoman 
tmaelierwr, wyr, n, merchant 
maelio, v, to profit, to gain, to trade 
tmaels, n, mail 

maelwr, wyr, n, trader, shopkeeper 
maen, meini, fmain, n, stone. ^Maen 
blif, projectile. Maen breuan, quern 
stone. "^Maeii cawod, a precious stone, 
crystal, possibly. ^Maen clais, marble. 
Maen do, keystone. Maen ehed, load- 
stone. -fMaen glaw=Maen cawod. 
■\Maen gwn, a leaden plummet with 



iron spikes. Maen melin, millstone. 
Maen prawf, touchstone. fMaen sugn, 
loadstone (drawing ships under). Maen 
tosiedd, caJculus. Maen tramgwydd, 
stumbUng-block. Maen tynnu, load- 
stone 

maenan, «/, cob, soft stone 

tmaenawr, M/=maenor 

maendrychiad, n, lithotomy 

maendrychu, v, to cut for stone, to 
litliotomize 

maeneiddiad, n, petrifaction 

maeneiddio, v, to petrify 

maendy, dai, n, house of stone 

tmaenglawdd, gloddiau, n, stone quarry 

maenol, maenor -au, h/, manor, district, 
dale 

maentelnio, maentumio, v, to maintain 

maenu, v, to turn to stone, to petrify; 
to stone 

maenydd -ion, n, lapidary 

maer -od, meiri, n, stewardf ; mayor 

maerdref -i, nf, steward's homestead 

maei'dy, dai, n, steward's house 

maeres -au, nf, mayoress 

maerol, a, mayoral 

tmaeronaeth, nf, stewardship 

tmaerones -au, nf, dairy-woman 

tmaeroni, n, stewardship 

tmaeroniaeth, nf, dairying 

tmaeronwr, wyr, fmaeronydd -ion, n, 
dairyman 

maeryddiaeth, nf, mayoralty 

raaes, meysydd, «, open fielp, plain, 
field; ground, place, square; sphere 
(fig.) ; battle. Maes llafur, portion of 
scripture, etc., prescribed for study. 
/ maes, out (S.W.= allan). Tu faes, 
outside. Cael y maes, to vanquish. 

' Colli'r maes, to be vanquished 

tmaesa, v, to defecate 

tmaesing, tmysaing, v, to tread, to 
trample 

maeslywydd -ion, n, field-marshal 
fmaestawd, nf, majesty 

maestir -oedd, n, open country; plain 

maestrei -i -ydd, nf, suburb, hamlet. 
maestreQ, 'towns without walls' iZech. 

11. 4) 

fmaeswehyn, a=maswehyn 
fmaeswn, yniaid, n, mason 
tmaeth, v, aor. of magu 
maeth, n, nurture, nourishment, nutri- 
ment 

271 



MAE 

maethdad -au, n, toster-iather 
maethen, tif, pampered one 
maethfa -oedd, feydd, nf, nursery 
maethfab, teibion, n, foster-son 
maethfam -au, nf, foster-mother 
maethferch -ed, nf, foster-daughter 
tmaethgen -ion, nf, beating, buffeting 
maethle -oedd, n, nursery 
maethlon, a, nourishing, nutritious 
maethu, v, to nourish, to nurture, to 

foster, to rear, to brmg up 
maethydd -ion, n, nourisher (Ecclus. 

xix. 2l) 

mafon, np (-en, nf], raspberries. Mafon 
duon, blackberries 

mafonwydd,»p (-en, m/), raspberry bushes 

mag, nf, nurture 

tmagai, eion, ;;, a nurse 

tmagawd, n, nurturing 

tmagddu, nf. See afagddu 

magfa, feydd, nf, nursing-place, nursery 

magiad, n, rearing, nurture, nourish- 
ment 

tmaglaid, np, worms, grubs, larvae 

fmagien, îod, nf, worm, glow-worm 

magi -au, nf, snare, gin, springe; mesh 
of a net, stitch in knitting; cataract 
in the eye; macula 

tmaglawr, a, ensnaring 

maglen, nf, springe, gin; mesh 

maglog, a, entangled, snared 

magîu, V, to loop, to tie; to snare, to 
trip, to mesh, to entangle; to spotf, 
to staint 

maglwr, wyr, n, snarer 

magiyn, maglau, n, stitch (in knitting) 

magnel -au, nf, gun, cannon 

magnelfa, feydd, nf, battery 

magnelwr, wyr, n, gunner 

tmagod, a, fattened, fatted 

tmagodorth, >i=mygodorth 

tmagon, np, berries; clusters 

magu, V, to breed; to nurture, to rear, 
to bring up; to nurse; to gain, to 
acquire 

magwraeth, nf, nourishment, nurture 

magwrfa -oedd, feydd, nf, rearing-place, 
nursery 

magwyr -ydd, nf, a wall of stones with- 
out mortar, a wall; a ruin (Card.) 

magwyren, nf, wall of a building; ruin 

magwyro, v, to wall; to enclose 

tmangnel.tmangddel, nf, mangonel, an 
engine formerly used for throwing 



MAL 

stones and battering walls (whence 

magnel) 
maharen, pi. meheryn, n, ram ; wether, 

Llygad maharen, limppf 
Mahometan(iad), iaid, n, Mahometan 
Mahometaniaeth, nf, Mahometanism 
Mai, n, month of May 
tmai, meiau, nf, field, plain 
mai, c, that. Gan mai felly y mae, as 

it is so. (An artificial distinction : 

mae orig.) 
maidd, n, whey 
mail, meiliau, nf, bowl, basin (Zech. 

xiv. 20) 
main, a, fine, slender, thin, small; shrill. 

Main y cefn, Y mein-gefn, small of 

the back. Main y goe^, fMain esgair, 

small of the leg 
tmain, np, stones: s. maen 
mainc, meinciau, nf, bench, form, seat 
maint, n, size, magnitude, quantity; 

number; so greatf. Pa faint, how 

much, how many: afi great 
maintioli, n, size, stature (Matt. vi. 27) 
maip, up (meipen, nf), turnips 
maith, (t, long, tedious 
tmal, a, trivial, small; light 
tmal, ad, as; like=fel 
tmal, n, mail, bag 
mâl, a, ground; milled; stamped. Aur 

mâl, wrought gold, gold coin 
tmal, n, what is ground; mill; coin; toll, 

tax, payment, due 
malais, n, malit e 
malaith, eithiau, n, chilblain 
male -iau, ;;, balk. See bale 
tmalcyn, n, oven 
maldod, ;;, fondness, caresses, dalliance, 

indulgence 
maldodi, v, to pet, to fondle, to dandle, 

to indulge, to pamper 
maidodus, a, fatuously fond, indulgent 
tmaledd, n, levity, frivolity, folly 
maleisddrwg, maleisus, a, malicious 
maleisio, v, to bear malice 
tmalen, nf, mail, iron, steel 
malen, nf, melancholy (S.W.) 
malio, V, to care, to mind, to heed 
tmalis, n, malice 
tmalpai, c, as if it were 
malu, V, to grind, to bruise; to mince, 

to chop. Dannedd malu, grinders, 

molars. Malu eií'yn, to foam 
tmalur, tmaluria, n, mole-hill 
272 



MAL 

malurio, v, to pound, to palverize, to 

triturate; to crumble, to moulder 
malurion, np, fragments, broken par- 
ticles, debris 
malwenna, v, to dawdle 
malwod, up (-en, raalwen, nf), snails 
malwr, wyr, n, grinder 
mall, a, corrupt, blasted ; accursed. Y 

fall, Belial, perdition 
fmall, tmallt, n, malt 
malldan -au, n. scorching fire; ignis- 

latuus 
malldorch, pi. melldyrch, nf, kibe 
mallgi, gwn, n, hell hound 
tmallgorn, gym, n, core of a horn 
fmallgyrch, nf, pandemonium, inferno 
mallryg, n, ergot of rye 
mallter, malltod, n. rot, rottenness, pu- 
trefaction; blight, blast, curse 
mallu, V, to rot; to blight, to blast 
mallus, a, rotten ; blighted, blasted 
mam -au, nf, mother, dam. Mam gu, 
grandmother. Mam wen, step-mother. 
y fam, the womb ; hysteria 
mamaeth -od, nf, nurse 
mamaethu, v, to nurse, to noturish, to 

foster 
mamaidd, a, motherly 
mamdref -i -ydd, nf, chief town 
mamddinas -oedd, nf, metropolis 
mamedd, n, motlierhood 
mameglwys -i, nf, mother-church 
mamfaeth -au -od, nf, foster-mother 
mami, nf, mammy 

mamiaith, nf, mother tongue, ver- 
nacular 
mamladdiad, n, matricide 
mamleiddiad, laid, n, a matricide 
mamog -laid, nf, dam, ewe, pregnant 
ur suckling sheep (Isa. xl. ii); womb, 
matrix; seed potato as distinguished 
from the crop that issues from it; 
hysteria 
mamogaeth, nf, maternity 
mamogi, r, to become a mother 
mamol, a, motherly, maternal 
mamolion, np, mammalia 
mamwlad, wiedydd, nf, motherland, 

mother country 
mamwst, n;, hysterics, hysteria 
mamwydd -au, nf, brood goose 
mamwys, nf, mother, dam; matrix; ma- 
ternity; right of inheritance through 
motherf 

i8 



MAN 

mamwythen -ni, nf. the crural vein 
tmamysgol -ion, nf, university 
mamystog, a, hysterical 
man -nau, n/ & n, place, spot; mark. 

Yn y man, soon, presently, anon. 

Yn y fan, on the spot, at once. Mat% 

{cyn) geni, mole, mother's mark 
man, iz, small, littl;, minute, fine; petty: 

px, small, fine, diminutive, miniature 
tmanaeh, etc. See mynaeh 
fmanag-, v. Inf. fmenegi, mynegi 
mânarfau, np, small arms 
manbaiil, n, fine flour 
manbeth -au, n, small thing; triüe 
manblu, np, small feathers, down 
tmando, n, fine covering 
mandon, nf, dandruff; woodruff 
mandra, n, smallness, minuteness, fine- 
ness 
mandragorau, np, m.andrakes (Gen. 

x.\x. 14) 
•fmandwyn, n, scrofula, king's evil 
tmandwynnog, a, strumous, scroiulous 
tmanddail, up, small leaves 
mânddarlun -iau, n, miniature 
mânddyledion, np, small debts. Llys y 

ìnániidyledion, county court 
maneg, pi. menig, nf, glove, gauntlet. 

Menis, ellyllon, foxglove 
tmanegi, v= mynegi 
tmaner, nf. See baner 
manfrith, a, spotted, speckled (Gen. 

XXX. 32) 
manfriw, a, ground small 
tmângaled, a, pettifogging 
tmangan, fmangant, n, fine white flour 
mangoed, np, brushwood, shrubs 
mangre, nf, place, spot (Gen. xix. 12) 
tmânhedion, np, flying motes 
manion, np, scraps; trifles; minutÌEe; 

empty grains among corn 
manlaw, n, small rain {glaw man) 
mânleidr, ladron, n, petty thief, pilferer 
manio, n, small coal, slack, culm 
tmanllwdn, n, sheep 
tmannad, nf, mass, lump 
tmannaid, eidiau, nf, contents ot a 

nifiuld; lump; print 
mannog, a, spotted, marked= bannog 
manna, v, to impress, to mark 
tmanod, n, fine snow, driven snow 
manol, a, delicate ; accurate, exact 

minute, particular, fine=manwl 
+ manoli, v, to render exact or accurate 
273 



MAN 



MAR 



tmanolosg, », small coal 

tmanon, n/, a queen=banon 

manro, en, fine gravel 

mansier, n, manger 

tmanson, n, muimurir»g, muttering, 
grumbling : v, to murmur, &c. 

mant -au, n & n/, mandible; mouth; lip 

•.fmantach, n, toothless jaw: a, toothless 

maniais, teision, «/, advantage 

manteisio, v, to take advantage, to 
profit 

manteisiol, a, advantageous 

manteisiwr, wyr, n, one who takes 
advantage 

mantell -oedd, mentyll, tif, mantle, cloak ; 
mantel 

mantellog, a, mantled 

mantellu, v, to mantle 

mantol -ion, nf, balance, scale(s). Ar- 
wydd y Fantol, Libra 

mantoli, v, to turn scales; to balance, 
to weigh 

mantol-len, mantolen -ni, nf, balance- 
sheet 

mantolwr, wyr, n, balancer 

manu, v, to break up small 

manus, en, chaff 

mänwerthu, v, to retail 

mânwerthwr, wyr, n, retailer 

manwl, a, exact, precise, accurate; dili- 
gent; «strict, particular, careful 

tmanwyaidd, tmanweaidd, fnanwaidd, 
a, subtle, fine 

manwydd, np (-en, nf), brushwood, 
shrubs 

manwyn, n, the king's evil, scrofula. 
manwynnau, manwynion, strumas 

manwynnog, a, stnin;ous 

mâawythl, np (len, nf), capillaries 

manyd, en, small corn 

fmanyglion, np, small particles or spots; 
empty grains of corn 

manyglog, nf, the bitter-sweet 

manylion, np, particulars, details 

manylrwydd, n, exactness, minuteness, 
precision 

manylu, v, to go into detail, to particu- 
larize ; to take caret 

manylwch, h, exactness, accuracy, nicety, 
precision; strictness 

traaon, np, people, subjects 

map -iau, h, map 

mapio, V, to map 

mapiwr, wyr, n, mapper, cartographer 



tmapwl, n, knot) on the middle of a 

thing; mop 
fmaran -edd, n, liolm, strand, shore; 

fish, saliiion 
tmaranheddog, a, well-provisioned 
tmarannedd, n, provisions, victuals 
marblen, ys, nf, child's marble 
marc -iau, n, mark, impression 
marcio, v, to mark, to note, to observe 
marciwr, wyr, n, marker 
march, pi. meirch, n, horse, stallion. — 

y ilŵr, water spider 
marcha, v, to desire the stallion (of mare) 
marchalan, n. elecampane 
marchasyn -nod, n, jackass 
marchbren -nau, n, main beam 
tmarchdaran -au, u/, loud thunder-clap 
marchdy, dai, a, stable 
marchiaen, leini, n, horse-block 
marchfieri, np, (large) brambles 
marchfllwr, wyr, n, horse-soldier, cav- 
alry-man 
marchforgrug, np (-yn, n), large wmged 

ant 
marchforion, np (-en, nf), winged ants 
tmarchgen. n, horse's hide 
marchio, v, to cover (of stallion) 
tmarchlan -nau, nf, staiile 
marehiu -oedd, n, cavalry, horse-soldiers 
marchnad -oedd, n/, market, mart; mer- 
chandise (Isa. xxiii. i8); bargain 
marchnadaeth -au, nf, merchandise, 

traffic (Ezek. xxvi. 12) 
marchnadfa -oedd, nf, market-place 
marchnadol, a, of a market, marketable 
marchnadwr, wyr, n, marketer, mer- 
chant, trader (Ecclus. xxxvii. 11) 
marchnadydd -ion, n, merchant 
marchnadyddes -au, nf, merchant- 
woman (Ezek. xxvii. 12) 
marchnata, marchnatàu, v, to market, 

to trade 
marchnataol, a, commercial, mercantile 
marchnatawr, marchnatwr, wyr, n, mer- 
chant 
marchnatwraig, nadwragedd, nf, market- 
woman, marketer 
marchnaty, tai, n, market(-huuse) 
marchocàu, v, to nde a horse (dial. 

brychgUu) 
marchog -ion, n, knight; horseman; 
ruler; a kind of jug holding about a 
gallon. Clwyf y marchogion, hemor- 
rhoids (i Sara. V. 9): V, to ride 
274 



MAR 

tmarehogaeth, nf, riding, liorseman- 

sliip 
marehogaeth, v, to ride 
inarchoges -au, nf, horsewoman 
marchoglu -oedd, ii, cavalry, cavalcade 
marchogol, a, equestrian 
marchogwisg -oedd, nf, riding-habit 
marehogwr, wyr, n, rider, iiorseman 
marchogyddiaeth, nf, chivalry 
marchol, a, belonging to a horse, equine 
tmarchrawd, rodion, nf, troop ot horse 
marchredyn, np (-an, nf), polypody fern 
tmarchridyll -iau, n, sitter, screen 
marehruddygl, n, horse-radish 
marchwas, weision, n, horseman, ostler 
marchwellt, n, tall coarse grass 
tmarchwiail, np, stout saplings 
marchwr, wyr, n, horseman, jockey 
marchwraint, np (wreinyn, >i), tetters; 

ringworm 
marchwriaeth, nf, horsemanship, jockey- 
ship 
tmaichwrio, ;, to ride, to jockey 
fmarchydd -ion, n, horseman, knight 
marchysgall, np (-en, nf), spear-thistle 
mardon, mardwn, nf, S'-urt, dandrult 
fmaredd, n, luxury, splendour 
tmareddog, a, luxurious, splendid 
marian -au, n, moraine, holm, strand, 

beach ; alluvium ; stone debris 
mariandir -oedd, n, holm land; alluvial 

soil ; land covered with loose stones 
marianwydr, n, rock-crystal 
marl, n, rich clay, marl 
marlad, n, drake 
marlog, a, marly 
marm, n, chalk, malm 
marmor, ;;, marble 
tmarnad, n/=marwnad 
fmars, n, marcli, border 
marsiandîaeth, nf, merchandise, com- 
merce 
marsiandwr, wyr, n, merchant 
marsiant, n, merchant 
tmarswr, wyr, ;;., marcher, borderer 
tmarth, a, sad, mournful, woeful: n, 
sadness, sorrow, woe; trouble; care, 
solicitude; discomfiture 
tmarthyrollaeth, nf, martyrdom 
marw, pi. meirw, v, to die 
marw, pi. meirw, meirwon, a, dead: n, 

the dead 
marwaiüd, a, sluggish; lifeless, dead, 
dull, heavy, oppressive, torpid 



MAS 

marwanedig, a, still-born 
tmarwchwydd, n, oedema 
marwder, n, deadness, numbness 
marwdon, nf, scurf, dandruff 
marwdy, dai, escheat by deathf; mor- 
tuary 
tmarwdystioiaeth, n, dead evidence 
tmarwdywarchen, nf, death-clod ' 

mar(w)ddw{f)r, ddyfroedd, n, dead-water 
tmarwddydd -iau, n, critical day; crisis 
marweidd-dra, n, deadness, sluggishness 
marweiddio. ;•, to deaden, to benumb; 

to mortify 
marweiddiol, a, deadening, mortifying, 

numbing 
tmarwerydd, n, delirium, distraction. 

— y meddwon, delirium tremens 
+ marwlis, n, December, the month when 

everything appears dead 
marwgig, n, proud flesh (cig marw) 
marwgoel -ion, nf, death omen 
marwgwsg, n. lethargy; dormouse 
tmarwgyweddyl, n, tidings of one's 

death 
marwhad, n, mortification 
marwhau, v, to deaden, to mortify 
marwhun -au, ni, death-sleep; trance 
marwlewyg, n, dead faint 
marwnad, fnarnad -au, nf, lament, 

eh-gy; epitaphf 
marwnadol, a, pertaining to marwnadau 
marwnadu, v, to compose elegies 
marwnadwr, wyr, n, elegist 
marwol, a, deadly, mortal, fatal; dead 
marwulaeth -au, n/, death; decease; 

mortality 
marwolaethu, v, to put to death; to 

mortify (i Pet. iii. i8) 
marwoldeb, n, mortality 
tmarwoliaeth, h/= marwolaeth 
marwolion, np, mortals 
tmarwolus, a= marwol 
marwor, np (-yn, n), live coals, burning 

cinders, embers; charcoal 
marwydos, np, embers 
tmarw-ysgafn, nf, death-bed; death-bed 

song, swan-song 
tmas, n, mass of metal 
masarn, en (-en, «/), sycamore: maple 
masg, masgl -au, nf, mesh; shell; pod 
masglog, a, reticulated; podded 
masglu, z', to net, to interlace; to pod; 

to shell 
masgu, t', to net, to interlace, to lattice 
27 s 



MAS 

masiwD, iyniaid, n, mason 

masnach -au, nj, business, concern, 
trade, traffic, merchandise, commerce. 
Y jasnach fed-izvol, the liquor traffic 

masnachdy, dai, n, shop, establishment, 
house of business 

masnachol, a, commercial, business, mer- 
cantile 

masnaehu, v. to do liusiness, to deal, 
to trade, to traffic 

masnachwr, masnachydd, wyr, n, trades- 
man, dealer, merciiant 

mast, mestys, n, mast 

masw, tniaswy, a, soft, tender; wanton 

maswedd, n, sottness; levity, gaiety; 
wantonness, ribaldry : a, soft 

masweddol, a, soft, ribald, wanton 

masweddwr, wyr, n, ribald, ' effeminate' 
(1 Cor. vi. 9) 

tmaswehyn, a, spirited, prancing 

tmaswy, a. See masw 

mat -iau, ii, mat; plaited work 

maten, matau, «/=batingen 

mater -ion, n, matter, subject 

materol, a, material; materialistic 

materoli, v, to materialize 

materoliaeth, n/, materialism 

materolrwydd, n, materiality; mate- 
rialism 

materolwr, wyr, n, materialist 

materydd -ion, n, materialist 

materyddol, a, materialistic 

tmatgudd, n, a thing well hidden 

matog -au, iif, mattock, hoe 

matras, resi, n, mattress; bedding 

matsen, pi. matsys, nf, match 

math -au, n, sort, kind=bath 

mathrfa, nf, trampling (Ezek. xxxiv. 19) 

mathriad, tmathr, n, trampling down 

mathru, r, to trample, to tread 

mathrwr, wyr, n, trampler 

mathu, r=l)athu 

tmau, pn, niy, mine (John iii. 29) 

mawaid, eidiau, »/, handful 

mawl, II, praise, worship 

tmawlardd, n, panegyrist (for mawlfardd) 

tmawlhau, v, to praise, to extol 

mawn, en (-en, «/), peat, turf 

mawnbwll, byllau, n, peat-pit 

mawndir -oedd, n, peat land, peatery, 
turliary 

mawnog -ydd, n/, peat-V)og: a, peaty 

mawr, a, big, great, large; high (road, 
street, etc.) 



MAW 

fmawrair, eiriau, n, boasting word 
mawrbeth -au, n, great thing (Deut. 

iv. 32) 

tmawrbraff, a, big, thick, stout 

jmawrdeg, a, magnificent, grand 

jmawrder, tmawrdra, n, greatness 

mawrdda, n. great good; welcome 

mawrddrwg, ddrygau, n, great evil, great 
v.-ickcdness (Gen. .xxxix. d) 

mawredig, a. grandf, magnificentt; no- 
blet; proudt, arrogantf; magnified, 
great, mighty (Ps. xcii. 5) 

tmawredigrwydd, n, grandeur, magni- 
ficence, majesty, nobleness; pride, ar- 
rogance 

raawredd, n, greatness, grandeur, ma- 
jesty; grandiosity, pomp 

tmawreddig, a= mawreddog 

mawreddog, a, grand, majestic, stately; 
grandiose ; pompous 

tmawreddu, v, to magnify, to exalt 

tmawreddus, a= mawreddog 

mawreiriog, a, magniloquent 

mawrtaith, a, far-extending 

mawrfalch, a, ostentatious 

mawrfri, «, high honour, renown 

tmawrfrith, a, spotted (Gen. xxx. 32) 

tmawrfryd, a, noble, majestic, grand: n, 
majesty, pride, arrogance, pomp, 
grandeur, magnificence, splendour 

mawrfrydig, a. magnanimous, noble; 
proudt, arrogantt 

mawrfrydigrwydd, n, magnanimity; no- 
bleness ; majesty t ; pridef, arrogancef ; 
pompt, grandeurt, magnificencef 

tmawrfrydrwydd, n, magnanimity, no- 
bility; magnificence, splendour 

tmawrfrydus, a, grand, magnificent, 
noble 

mawrhad, n, magnification, honour, 
esteem 

mawrhau, v, to magnify, to enlarge; 
to esteem, to venerate, to extol, to 
adore 

mawrhydi, >;, majesty 

tmawrhydig, a, noble, magnificent, 

majestic 
tmawrhydri,», majesty; arrogance, pre 
sumption (Ps. xii. 3) 

tmawrio, v, to magnify, to enlarge 

Mawrth, h. Mars; March. Dydd Mawrth, 
Tuesday. A'os Fawrtk, Tuesday 
night. Mawrth Yuyd, Slirove Tues- 
day 

276 



MAW 



MEDD 



tmawrthig, a, martial, warlike 

tmawrweiriog, a, grassy 

tmawrweirthiog, a, precious, valuable 

mawrwerth, ;;, preciousness 

tmawrwerthedd, n, great riches 

tmawrwrdäaeth, fmawrwrdaiaeth, nf, 
majesty 

tmawrwriaeth, nf, heroism, valour 

mawrwych, a, magnificent, gorgeous, 
t;rand 

tmawrwyrthiog, a, precious, valuable 

mawrygu, v, to magnify, to extol; to 
esteem, to venerate, to adore 

fmaws, a, pleasant, grateful 

tmebaint, n, infancy, youth 

tmebin, a, infantile, youthful 

tmebinaidd, a, infantile, childish 

fmebinog, n = mabinog 

tmebinol, a, juvenile 

mebyd, n, infancy, childhood, youth 

mefayn, ;;, male infant 

mecanyddol, a, mechanical 

tmechdeyrn -edd, n, monarch, sovereign 

mechni, îcn, »;, suretyship, surety, bail 

mechniaeth, I'.f, suretyship 

mechnio, v, to go bail, to become surety 

mechnîol, a, vicarious 

mechnîwr, wyr, mechnlydd -ion, n, 
surety, bail 

medal -au, nf, medal 

mertel -au, /i/, reaping; reaping-party 

medelwr, wyr, fmedelwas, weis, n, reaper 

medi, V, to reap, to cut corn. Gwellt medi, 
green grass cut for caitle : n, reaping 

Medi, )(, September 

tmedlai, n, medley, motley 

medleth, v, to meddle 

medr, n, measure!; skill, ability; know- 
ledge. Ar fedr, purposing or intend- 
ing. ^Ar fedr un, on his account, for 
him 

medru, v, to kmuv (a language, subject, 
book, piece, tune, one's work, one's 
way, etc.); to be able; to hit (a 
mark)t, to strikef. fMedru ar, to 
hit upon. Medraf, I can 

medrus, (7, clever, expert, skilful 

medrusrwydd, medruster, ;;, skill, skil- 
fulness, expertness, cleverness 

tmedrwr, wyr, n, marksman 

tmedryd, i'= medru 

tmedrydd, fmetrydd, n, one who hits 
the mark, marksman 

tmedwaledd, »=mydwaledd 



medd, n, mead 
medd, v.def, says 

meddal, a, soft, tender, pliable, pliant 
meddalaidd, a, somewhat soft, sottish 
meddalhad, n, softening 
meddalhaol, a, softening, emollient 
meddalhau, v, to soften, to mollify 
meddaliad, n, softening 
meddalrwydd, n, softness; pliancy 
meddalu, u, to soften, to mollify 
meddal wch, n, softness; pliancy 
tmeddawd, n, drunkenness 
tmeddf, a, soft, effeminate 
tmeddfaeth, a, mead-fed, pampered, 

luxurious, soft, tender, delicate 
tmeddgell -oedd, nf, mead-cellar 
tmeddgorn, gyrn, n, mead-horn 
tmeddgwyn, nf, a supper of mead 
meddianiad, n, possession, occupation 
meddiannol, a, possessing, possessive. 

Meddiannol »,r, possessed of 
meddiannu, v, to possess, to taki^ pos- 
session, to occupy 
tmeddiannus, a, powerful, puissant ; pos- 
sessing, possessed. Meddiannus ar, 
possessed of 
mîddiannydd, ianyddion, n, possessor, 

owner 
meddiant, iannau, /;, possession, occu- 
pation; authority, power (Luke :x. i) 
tmeddiawdr, odron, n, owner, possessor 
tmeddlyn, n, beverage of mead 
meddu, v, to possess, to own 
meddw, a, drunk, intoxicated, meddw- 
on, tmeddwaint, drunkards, inebriates 
fmeddwaith, n, carousal 
medd(w)dod, tmeddwaint, n, drunken- 
ness, inebriation, intoxication 
meddwen, nf, drunken woman 
meddwi, v, to get drunk, to intoxicate, 

to inebriate 
meddwi, yliau, n, mind, thought, idea ; 
meaning; opinion, meddyliau, (also) 
low spirits, melancholy (S.W.) 
meddwi, ;;, to think, to suppose; to 
mean; to intend, to purpose. Ar 
ie:-dwl, purposing ; pretending! 
meddwol, a, intoxicating ; alcoholic. 

y tn'inach feddwol, the liquor traffic 
meddwr, wyr, n, owner, possessor 
meddwyn, won, n, drunkard, inebriate 
tmeddydd, n, mead-brewer 
meddyg -on, n, doctor, physician 
meddygadwy, a, medicable, remediable 
277 



M EDD 

meddygaidd, a, medicinal, healing 
meddyges -au. ;i/, doctress; violet 
meddygfys -edd, n, rins finger 
meddyginiaeth -au, n/ & nf, medication, 

medicine; physic, cure, remedy; en- 

chantmentf 
meddyginiaethol, a, medicinal, healing, 

curat i\e, remedial 
meddyginiaethii, v, to cure, to remedy, 

to heal 
meddyglyn -noedd, ;;, metheglin; medi- 

rme, drug 
medriygol, a, medicinal; medical 
tmeddygu, v, to doctor, to heal, to cure 
meddylddrych -au, n, idea^drychleddwl 
meddyleg, ni, mental philosophy, psy- 
chology 
meddylegydd -ion, wyr, n, psychologist 
meddylfryd, n, imagmation, mind, bent, 

tliought, aftection 
meddylgar, a, thoughtful, heedful, pen- 
sive 
meddylgarwch, h, thoughtfulness 
tmeddylio, fmeddyliaid, tmeddyiied, v 

= meddwl 
meddyliol, n, mental, intellectual 
meddyliwr, wyr, w, thinker 
meddyirith -iau, n, mental image, idea, 

conception 
mefl -au, «, disgrace, shame, reproach, 

blot, blemish, flaw (2 Pet. ii. 13) 
tmeflfethiant, n, disgrace, reproach 
tmeflhau, ?', to pollute; to disgrace 
meflu, V, to soil, to foul, to blemish 
tmeflwr, wyr, n, scoundrel 
tmeflwriaeth, w/, disgrace, reproach 
mefus, i\p (-en, «/), strawberries 
tmesfidydd -ion, n, nourisher, nurturer 
megin -au, >i/, bellows (Ter. vi. 20) 
megino, v, to work bellows; to blow 
meginwr, wyr, w, blower with bellows 
megis, megys, c & pr, as, so as, like as. 

tVn y megis hwnnw or hynny, in that 

manner 
tmeglyd, v, to take hold, to seize 
meglyn, pi. maglau, n, stitch in knitting 
megys, c. See megis 
Mehefin, n, the month of June 
tmehin. n, fat, properly ot bacon or 

pork; bacon 
tmehyn, n, place, spot 
tmeia, v, to take tlie fieUl 
meib, np, sons (poet.)=meibion 
meibionos, np, little children 



MEI 



meichiad, iaid, n, swineherd (Mark \-. 14) 

meichiau, np, surety, bail : s. mach: 
double pi. meiehiafon. (In popular 
use meichiau is a noun masc. sing.) 
tmeichnîydd, n= mecliniydd 

tmeidr -on, n, measure 

meidr, «/, lane, pathway=beidr 

tmeidradur, n, ruler 

tmeidradur -on, n, meter, measure 

tmeidraeth, ;i/, nieasm-", measurement 
fmeidriad, n, ruler 

meidrol, a, (literally) mi^asurable; finite 
fmeidrol, a, powerful, regal 
tmeidroiaetli, nf, moderation, govern- 
ment 

meidroldeb, n, finiteness; capacity, 'size ' 
(i Chron. xxiii. 2q) 

tmeidroli, v, to rule, to govern 

meidda, v, to seek whey 

meiddio, î)=beiddio 

meiddion, np, curds and whey 

meiddioni, v, to turn to curds 

meiddlyd, a, wheyey, curdled 

meiddlyn -noedd, n, serum 

tmeifon, np (-en, nf), raspberries= 
mafon 

tmeigen, nf, nook, recess, dingle 

tmeiîryn, n, megrim, vertigo 

fmei-iau, nf, middle yoke 

meilart, n, drake (' mallard ') 

tmeilierydd -ion, n, the skylark 

meilwn(g), yn(g)au, n, the small of the 
ler, ankle 

tmeilyn -nau, n, loop, eye 

meillion, np (-en, nf), clover, trefoil; 
shamrock 

meülioni, v, to yield clover or trefoil 

meiüionog, a, having clover or trefoil; 
clo\ery 

tmeillonen, nf, trefoil (meillionen) 

mein-, px= main 

meincio, v. to fix benches 

meinder, n. fineness, slenderness 

meindio, v, to mind, to care 

meindwr, dyrau, n, spire 

tmeinddydd, n & ad, mid-day 

meinedd, n, slender part, smnll 

meinfor -oedd, w, strait, channel 

meingefn, n, small ot the back 

meinhau, v, to grow slender; to at- 
tenuate; to taper 

meini, np, stones: s. maen 

tmeiniar, nf, maiden 

tmeiniell, a, slender 

278 



'^vJUA C\ íU<Ut 



^aJLÀj^ Un. jL*^,JJU^ 



MET 



MEL 



tmeinin, a, of stone, stony 

tmeinir, n/, maiden 

meinllais, n. shriU voice; treble (in 
musii) : «, shrill- voiced; fine-toned 

tmeinllin, n, fine linen. Also Llian 
meinllin (Ezek. xxvii. i6) 

tmeinoeth, n/, midnight 

tmeinog, a, stony 

meintoniaeth, ni, geometry 

meintonydd -ion, n, geometrician 

tmeinus, a, graceful 

tmeinwar, n/, maiden 

tmeinwen, n/, fair one, maiden 

meinwych, a, fine (Isa. iii. 23) 

tmeinwyr, a, slender and gentle, grace- 
ful : nf, maiden 

tmeinydd, n & ad, raid-day=tmein- 
ddydd 

tmeinyn, n, lump of stone 

meipen, pi. maip, nf, turnip 

meirch, np, horses: s. march 

meiri, np, stewards: s. maer 

meiriol, n, thaw (Ecclus. iii. 15) 

meirioii, v, to thaw 

tmeiriones -au, nf, dairymaid; mistress, 
con'MihiiiP 

meirw, plural of marw 

meirwys -od, ;i, ouzel; blackbird 

tmeis c=megis 

tmelsgyn -nod, )). moth 

meistr -iaid -i, melstradoedd, ;;, master, 
lord 

meistres -au -i -od, nf, mistress 

meistresan -od, nf, miss, damsel 

fmeistrol, a, masterly 

meistrolaeth, nj, mastery 

meiitrolaidd. n, masterly 

meistrolgar, a, masterful, masterly 

meistroli, V, to master 

meistrolwr, wyr, n, master, past- 
master, adept 

meitin, «, lit. morning : used in phrase, 
Er v meitin. ^Er meitin, a good while 
since. [Er ys meitin applies only to 
what has occurred during the same 
day; for a longer period th° ex- 
pression is er ys ialm or er ys tro) 

meithder,tnielthni, ;!, length, tediousness 

tmeithio, v, to make long 

meithrin, v. to nourish, to nurture, to 
nurse, to rear, to foster, to cherish 

meithrinfa -oedd, nf, nursery, seminary 

meithriniad, n, meithriniaeth, /;/, nurture 

meithrinwr, wyr, ;;, nurturer, fosterer 



fmeiwredd, n, puny manhood 

fmeiwyr, np, puny men, weaklings 

mêl, n, honey. Dil mêl, honeycomb. 
Mis mêl, honeymoon 

mela, v, to gather honey 

melan, nf, melancholy. Y felan 
chwerthin, hysterics 

tmelan, fmalen, n, steel, Milan steel 

tmêlasgwrn, n, marrow-bone (for met- 
asgwrn) 

melen, aj, yellow: m. melyn 

melenog, nf, linnet 

melfared, n, corduroy 

melfed, n, velvet 

melfedaidd, a, velvety 

tmelfoch, np (-yn, n), sucking-pigs 

tmêlgawod, nf, honey-dew; m'ldew 

melged, n, beet 

tmelged -ion, nf, tribute of honey 

tmelgorn, gyrn, tmelgranc, n, an abscess 

meiin -au, nf, mill. — eithin. gorse 
machine, chaff-cutter. — wynl, wind- 
mill 

melina, v, to go to mill 

melino, v, to grind in a mill 

melinydd -ion, n, miller 

melodaidd, a. melodious 

melodedd, nf, melody 

melog, a, having honey: nf, honeysuckle 

melus, a=melys 

meluso, v= melysu 

tmelwioges, nf, snail 

melwlith, n, honey-dew 

melyn, am, yellow: /. melen: n, yellow. 
— yr eithin, yellow-hammer; common 
tormentil. — wy, the yolk of an egg 

melynaidd, a, yellowish, tawny 

tmelynawr, a, yellow 

melynder, melyndra, n, yellowness 

melynddu, a. tawny, swarthy 

melynell, nf, yellow hue 

mslynfaen, n, brimstone, sulphur 

tmelyngan, a, tawny 

melyngoch, a, yellowish red, orange 

melyni, n, yellowness; jaundice 

melynllwyd, a, yellowish brown 

melynllys, n, the celandine 

melynog -ion, n, mulatto; linnet ; canary 

melynu, v, to make yellow, to yellow 

melynwy, n, the yolk of an egg 

melyn wyn, a, yellowish white, cream 

raelys, melus, a, sweet 

melysber, a, sweet, melodious, dulcet 

melyschwant -au, n, lust (of pleasure) 
279 



MEL 

melysgerdd -i, nf, sweet song, melody 

melysion, np, sweets 

melyslais, a, sweet-voiced, dulcet 

melysol, a, sweetening 

melyster, melystra, n, sweetness 

melysu, v, to sweeten 

melyswedd, n, pleasure, indulgence 

ii.uke viii. 14) 
melyswin,", sweet wineQudgesix. 13) 
melli, mellni, n, insipidity ; blight 
mellt, np (-en, nj), lightning 
melltennu, v, to flash lightning 
tmelltigaid, melUigedig, a, accursed, 

cursed 
melltigedigrwydd, n, accursedness 
tmelltigo, V, to curse (Lev. xix. 14) 
melltifh -ion, nf, curse, malediction 
melltithio, v, to curse 
melltithiol, a, imprecatory 
melltithiwr, wyr, «, curser 
melltog, a, lull of lightning 
memrwn, rynau, n, parchment, vellum 

(2 Tim. iv. 13) 
memrynydd -ion, n, parchment-maker 
men -ni, nf, wain, waggon, cart=ben 
men, a, mean, mesne : «, mean 
mendio, v, to mend, to heal, to recover 
tmeneehdid, nf, monastery 
tmenediw, a, pleasing 
jmenegi (s. i managaf), r)=mynegi 
tmeneginiaeth, M/=meddyginiaeth 
tmenestr -i, ;:, cup-bearer 
tmenestru, v, to serve, to wait 
tmennai, nf, trough 
mennaid, eidiau, nf, cart-load 
mensaer, seiri, n, cart-wright 
mentr, nf, ventiue, hazard 
mentro, v, to venture, to hazard 
mentrus, a, venturesome, enterprising 
mentrwr, wyr, n, venturer 
tmentyn, n, dim. of mant 
menu, v, to impress, to mark, to affect 
tmenwy, a, pleasing 
tmenwyd, n, mind, ability, power; joy, 

gladness, mirth; wit; guile 
tmenybr -au, n, handle, helve, haft 

(Dent. xix. 5) 
menyg, fmenig, np, gloves: s. maneg 
menygwr, wyr, n, glover 
menyw -od -aid, ))/=l)enyw 
mêr, merlon, n, marrow, pith 
merbwll, byllau, n, stagnant pool 
merch -ed, nf, daughter, woman 
merchedaidd, a, effeminate 



MES 

Mercher, n. Mercury. Dydd Mercher 

Wednesday 
mercheta, v, to go alter girls, to wench 
merchetach, merchetos, np, mean or 

silly young women 
merchetwr, wyr, n, wencher 
tMerchur, n, factitious for tMerchyr 
merchyn, ;;, a little horse 
tMerchyr, «= Mercher 
merchyriol, a, mercurial 
merddrain, np, thorns, briers 
merddwr, ddyfroedd, stagnant water 
tmeredig, a, irrational; stupid; foolish; 

flat, torpid, dull 
tmererid, fmaen mererid, n, pearl 
merf, merfaidd, merfedd, a, insipid, 

tasteless, flat 
merfdra, merieidd-dra, n, insipidity, 

flatness 
merhelyg, np i-en, nf), yellow willows 
tmerin, n, the sea 
tmerinwr, wyr, n, seaman, mariner 
merlyn -nod, merlod, n, pony, nag: /. 

merlen 
merllyd, a, flat, insipid, tasteless 
merllydrwydd, n, flatness, insipidity 
merllyn -nau -noedd, n, stagnant pool 
merllys -iau, n, asparagus 
merog, a. marrowy 
tmerthroliaetli, nf, martyrdom 
merthyr -on -i, ;;, martyr; saintf 
merthyraeth, nf, martyrology 
merthyrdod, ;;, martyrdom 
merthyrdraeth, nt, martyrology 
tmerthyroliaeth, nf, martjnrdom 
merthyru, v. to martyr 
tmeru, v, to droop; to drop, to drip 
tmerw, a, flaccid: flat; msipid 
traerwerydd, n. noise of the sea; uproar 
tmerwi, ii=marw 
merwin, merwindeb, merwindod, mer- 

winedd, n, numbness, itching, tingling, 

smarting 
merwino, v, to benumb, to ache, to 

smart, to itch, to tingle (i Sam. iii. 11) 
merwydd, np (-en, ni\, mulberry-trees 
tmerwys -od, ;;, ouzel; blackbird 
tmerydd, «, moist, damp, humid, watery; 

slow, sluggish, stagnant; slothful, lazy: 

n, sluggard; sea-sedge 
meryswydd, np, (-en, nf), medlar-trees 
meryw, np (-en, nt). juniper trees iPs. 

cxx. 4) 
mes, np (-en, nf), acorns 

280 



MES 

mesa, v, to gather acorns 

fmesbren, n, oak 

jmesfraint, fremtiau, nf, pannage (legal) 

mesglyn, n, shell, husk, hull 

tmesig, V, will eat 

traesobr, n, pannage (legall 

jmestig, n, banquet, feast 

mesur -au, n, measure; metre; tune; 
bill. ■'çAr fesur, with the intention of. 
O fesur ychydig, little by little 

mesur, v, to measure, to mete, to gauge, 
to survey 

mesuradwy, a, measurable 

mesureg, nf, mensuration 

mesuriad -au, n, measuring, measure- 
ment, dimension 

mesuriaeth, nf, mensuration 

mesuriant, n, measurement 

mesurlath -au, nf, measuring-rod, mete- 
wand, mete-yard 

mesuro, t)= mesur 

mesurol, a, measured, moderate 

mesuroniaeth, «/, mathematics 

mesurwr, wyr, w, measurer; surveyor. 
Mesurwr tir, land surveyor 

mesiirydd -ion, n, measurer^ meter 

mesuryddiaeth, nf, mensuration 

mesuryddol, a, mensural 

tmeswehyn, ii=maswehyn 

tmesyryd, n, abundance of acorns; 
pannage; autumn 

metel -au -oedd, n & nf, metal; mettle 

metelaidd, a, metallic, metalloid 

meteleiddio, v, to metallize 

metelog, a, metalUne 

metelu, v, to metal 

metelus, a, of good metal; mettlesome 

metelydd -ion, n, metallurgist 

metelyddiaeth, nf, metallurgy 

meth, n= medd 

meth -ion, n, miss; abortion; defect, 
failure 

methdal -ion, n, nonpayment, default 

methdaliad -au, n, bankruptcy 

methdalwr, wyr, n, bankrupt 

methedig, a, broken down, decrepit, 
infirm; disabled, Budd v methedig, 
disablement benefit, methedigion, in- 
valids; failures 

methiannus, a, failing, decayed 

tmethiant, a, decrepit 

methiant, tmethinefc. n, failure, decay 

tmethl, M, failure, fault, blemish, flaw; 
weakness, impotence ; embarrassment 



fmeihledd, jt, embarrassment, perplexity 
tmethlu, V, to entangle, to embarrass; 

to deceive 
tmethod, n, failure, defection 
Methodist -laid, n, Methodist (usu. Cal- 

vinistic) 
Methodistaidd, a, Methodist, Method- 

istic(al) 
Methodistiaeth, n/, Methodism 
Methodydd -ion, n, Methodist 
methu, V, to fail, to miss, to decay, to 

perish 
methwr, wyr, n, defaulter 
tmeu -oedd, n, property 
tmeuder, n, wealth, possessions 
meudwy -aid -od, n, hermit, recluse, 

anchorite 
meudwyaeth, nf, the life of a hermit 
meudwyaidd, a, hermit-like, retiring. 

Dyn meudwyaidd, a recluse 
meudwydy, dai, n, hermitage 
meudwyes -au, nf, hermitess 
meudwyo, v, to become a hermit 
meudwyol, a, eremitic 
tmeuedd, n, wealth, riches 
tmeueddig, a, rich, wealthy 
tmeueddwys, a, rich 
fmeufedd, n, wealth, riches 
mew, ti, mew, cat's cry 
mewian, mewial, v, to mew 
mewn, pr ik ad, within, in. / mewn, 

I fewn, in. O fewn, within. Y tu 

meien, the inside 
mewnfodaeth, nf, immanence 
mewnfodol, a, immanent 
mewnol, a. inward, internal; subjective 
tmewyd, n, idleness, laziness, sloth 
tmewyda, v, to idle, to lounge 
tmewydus, a, idle, lazy, slothful 
tmeyn, n, place, spot (also mehyn) 
mi, /'«, I, me: also used formally belore 

verbs. Mi weli, you will see 
miaren, nf. See mieri 
tmic -ion, uf, hoot ; spite, pique ; 

trifle 
tmicar -iaid, eriaid, n, vicar 
micas, n, sop, steeped bread 
micio, V, to hoot ; to spite 
mipws, n, froth, foam 
tmid -iau, n, tub 
tmid -iau, n, lists, tournament 
Imidlan -nau, nf, lists, tournament 
mieri, nt>, (miaren, mieren, n/), brambles, 

briers=mwyeri, from mwyar 
281 



MIF . 

tmifyiiau, np, vigils 

niig -ion, nj, hoot ; spite, malice. 

Ciiwarae mig, to play bo-peep 
mign -oedd -edd, «./, bog, quagmiro 
mignen -ni, «/, bog, quagmire 
migno, t', to tread, to trample 
mign-wern, n/, bog, swamp, marsh 
migwrn, yrnau, ;;, knuckle; the ankle 
migwyn, n, white moss on bogs 
mig-ymguddio, i\ to play hide and seek 
migyrnog, a, large-knuckled; large- 

ankled 
migyrnu, v, to knuckle 
mil -od, u, animal, beast, hrute 
mil -oedd t-ioedd, nf, th-jusand, looo, m. 

Y mil blynyddoedd, the millennium. 

■\Y fil feib, the innocents 
tmilaid, a, animal, brutish 
milaidd, a, like a beast; brutish 
tmilain, einiaid, n, villain, villem=bilain 
milain, a, angry, cruel, fierce, savage 
mildraeth, w, zoology 
milddaii, nj, the yarrow 
miled, n, millet 
tmiled, n, soldiery 
mileindra, n, villainy, cruelty, brutality, 

savageness, ferocity 
mileinig, a, ferocious, savage, malignant 
mileinio, i', to grow fierce ; to be furious 
tmilfa, n/, menagerie 
milfed, a, thousandth 
milfedol, a, millesimal 
müfedran -nao, nt, thousandth part 
tmilfeddyg -on, n, veterinary surgeon 
tmilfeddyrol, a, veterinary 
milfil -oedd, n/, million, an indefinite 

number 
railflwydd, a, millennial 
milflvi'yddiant, u, millennium 
milfyd, milfyw, »'/, figwort 
milgi, gwn, n, greyhound 
miliast, ieist, nj, greyhound bitrli 
milionyn, n, animalcule, milionos, ani- 

malrules, animalcula 
militariaeth, nf, militarism 
miiiwn, iynau, nf, million, 1,000,000 
miliynydd -ion, n, millionaire 
milodfa -oedd, feydd, nf, menagerie 
tmilodiaeth, t\l, zoology, zoography 
milofydd -ion, n, zoologist 
milofyddiaeth, nf, zoology 
milofyddol, a, zoological 
milplyç, a. thousandfold 
milrhed -ion, n1, millepede 



MIN 

milrbith -iau -ion, n, tcetus, embryo 

milrym, n, the woodsage 

milwaith, nd, thousand times 

tmilwas, weis, n, brute 

milwr, wyr, n, soldier 

milwraidd, a, soldierly (i Cl'ron. xii. 8) 

milwriad, iaid, «,' colonel 

milwriaeth, nf, warfare; military prow- 
ess; militarism (a late use) 

milwriaethus, a, militant 

mllwrio, V, to wage war, to militate 

milwrol, a, military, martial 

milwydd, n, the camomile 

rally n, «, animal, beast (diminutive of 
mil) (Ezek. xxxiv. 17) 

mill, millyn, en (ynen, vf), violet 

milltir -oedd, nf, mile 

millyn, n, violet 

min -ion, n, ease; brink; lip. Min y 

ffordd, the way side. Ar fin 

on the point of 

fminbryd -au, /;, feature 

minceg, n, a kind of sweetmeat (' mint- 
cake ') 

mindag, mintag, );/, lampas 

tmindlws, a, fine-mouthed; simpering, 
affected, finicking: /. mindlos 

minddu, a, black-lipped 

minfalch, a, proud-lipped, disdainful 

minfel, n, the heri) yarrow 

minfin, a, edge to ed':;e, lip to lip 

minfwlch, n, hare-lip 

minfylchog, a, hare-lipped ; scalloped 

mingam. pi. geimion, a, wry-mouthed 

mingamu, v, to make grimaces 

mingimongam, a, zigzag (S.W ) 

mingrwn, a, round-mouthed 

mingrychu, v, to purse the lips 

mingrynu, v, to purse the lips 

minial, v, to move the lips 

tminiaw, v, to taste; to lip; to utter 

minio, !', to edge, to sharpen ; to make 
an impression (Dan. iii. 27) 

miniog, a, edged, sharp, keen, cutting, 
mordant 

fministrad, n, ministration, adminis- 
tration 

tministrio, fministro, v, to minister, to 
administer 

minllym, a, sharp-edged; keen 

minnau, pn-c, I, me. See chwithau 

mintag, nf, lampas 

mintai, eioedd, nf, company, host, band, 
troop, detachment 

282 



MIN 

mintys, n, mint 

tminws, n, dim. of min 

miod, bara miod, np, fritters; cakes 

fmirach, n, good quality, \-irtue 

tmiragi -au, n, miraclp 

mirain, a, fair, beautiful, comely, fine, 

noble, graceful 
mirelnder, tmireindod, tmireinwch, «, 

comeliness, beauty, grace 
miri, /!, merriment, tun, festiviiy 
mis -oedd, n, month. Y mis bach, 

February. Y mis du, November 
misglen, pi. misgl, misglod, »;/, mussel 
misglwyt, n, menses, catamenia 
misglwyfus, a, menstruous 
misgwaith, n, the space of a month 
misi, a, fastidious, squeamish 
misio, V, to miss, to fail 
misol, a, monthly 
misolyn, olion, n, monthly 
tmiswrn, yrnau, n, visor, mask; veil; 

w-ÌTuple (Isa. iii. 22) 
tmisyriad, n, space of a month: a, 

a month old (Num. xviii. 16) 
mitsio^ V, to play truant 
miw, n. See siw 
tmiwail, (7, smooth, soft 
miwsig, n, music 
miwsigydd -ion, w, musician 
miwsigyddiaeth, n/, (the art of) music 
mo, pn-\-pr, a contraction of dim in 

idiomatic negative expressions. Ni 

weiais mohoiw=ni welais {ddi)m ohono, 

1 did not see anything of him. Nid 

oes ganddynt mo'r gwin, they have 

no wine 
moc, II. mock, mimicry 
mocio, V, to mock, to mimic 
moch, np (-yn, n), swine, pigs, hogs 
tmoch, ad, swiftly, quickly, early, 

soon 
mocha, v, to pig, to litter. Hivch focha, 

brood sow 
mochaidd, a, swinish, hoggish, foul 
tmoehddwyreog, a, early-rising 
mocheiddio, v. to grow hoggish 
mocheiddrwydd, n, swinishness 
mochi. V, to wallow as swine 
mochyn, pi. moch, n, pig, swine, hog. 

— daear, badger 
moehynnaidd, a. piggish, swinish 
mochyria, v, used of swine in heat 
tmod -au, n, circle; turn; enclosure 
modfedd -i, nf, inch 



, . MOE 

modfedda, v, to move by inches, to 

loiter, to dawdle 
modrwy -au, nf, ring 
modrwyig, modrwyen, tit, annulet 
modrwyo, ;', to foim a ring, to ring 
modrwyog, a, ringed; in ringlets; curly 
modrwyol, a, annular 
modrwywr, wyr, n, dealer in ring? 
modryb -edd, nf, aunt; matron, dame 
tmodrydaf -au, ti, stock of bees, bee- 

liive; (fig.) acme, perfection 
fmodur -iaid, n, sovereign, king, ruler 
modur -on, n, motor. Cerbyd modur, 

motor car 
fmodur, a, swiftly moving, rapid 
modurdy, dai, n, motor-house, garage 
modurwr, wyr, n, motorist 
fmodwaledd, w=mydwaledd 
fmodwrdd, «=ymodwrdd 
modd -'.on -au, n. mode, form, way, man- 
ner, means; measure; mood fin gram- 
mar). Gwaetha'r modd, more's the pity. 
Modd y, to the end that, in order to, 
in order that, so that. Pa fodd? 
how ? \Eithr modd, beyond measure. 
raoddion, means, medicine. — gras, 
means of grace. — ty, furniture 
moddaidd, a, modish 
moddus, a, mannerly; modest, decent 
fmoddybygu, v, to be like, to liken 
moedro, v. See mwydro 
moel, a. bare; bald: hornless, polled 
moel -ydd, nf, head, heap, pile; conical 

hill; bare hill; hill, mountain 
tmoelcen, >i/, bald pate; baldness 
moelder, moeledd, n, bareness; baldness 
tmoeldes, n. sultry beat 
moelddwrn, ddyrnau, ", naked fist 
moelddyrnfedd, nf. handbreath 
moelen, nf, bald one; hornless cow 
moeli, moelio, i\ to make or become 

bald; to drop, to droop, to hang 
moelni, n, bareness; baldness 
tmoelrhon -iaid, v, sea-calf, seal; por- 
poise 
moelyn, n, bald-head (2 Kings ii. 23) 
fmoelystota, v, to frisk, to caper (Wis- 
dom xvii. 19) 
moes, :.'. imp, give, bring hither 
moes -au, w/, manner, custom; civility, 
behaviour, morality', moesau, man- 
ners, morals 
mossddysg, moeseg, nf, ethics 
Moesenaidd, a. Mosaic (Moisen = Moses) 
283 



MQE 

moesgar, a, mannerly, courteous, polite 

moesgarweh, n, politeness 

tmoesog, a, mannerly, courteous 

moesol, a, moral, ethical; mannerlyt 

moesoldeb, n, morality 

moesoli, V, to become or make moral, 

to moralize 
moesolwr, wyr, n, moralist 
moeswers -i, nf, moral 
moesymgrymiad -au, n, bow 
moesymgrymu, v, to bow 
moeth -au, n, delicacy, dainty, luxury, 

indulgence 
moethen, nf, dainty one 
moethi, v, to pamper, to indulge 
moethlyd, a, pampered, spoilt 
moethus, a, luxurious, del u ate, dainty, 

pampered 
moethusrwydd, n, luxuriousness, luxury 
moethyn -ion, ;;, epicure, \-oluptaary 
mogel, V. See ymogel 
mogi, i;=mygu (S.W.) 
mohonof, pr + pn, of me. Sec mo 
tmoi, V, to cast, to foal (ymöi) 
jmoidro, v. See mwydro 
môl, 11, white matter in the eve 
tmolach, n, faint praise; flattery 
molafoti, n, porphyry 
tmolaid, a, praised 
molant, nf, valentine (Dyfed dial.) 
molawd, », praise, eulogy, pantgyric 
mold -iau, nf, mould 
moldio, V, to mould; to knead 
moldiwr, wyr, n, moulder 
moled -au, n/, muffler; kerchief (Isa. 

iii. 19) 
fmolediw, a, praised 
tmolest, n, molestation, annoyance, 

offence, trouble, force, violence, out- 
rage 
molestu, V, to molest, to harry, to 

trouble, to annoy, to discomfit (Judg. 

xi. 35) 
tmôlglafaidd, a, sticky and lieavy (of 

the eyes); languid, languorous 
moli, V, to praise, to laud, to adore 
moli, V, to gather matter in the eye 
moliannu, v, to p^-aise, to laud, to extol 
moliannus, a, praised, to be praised; 

laudable, praiseworthy; adorable; 

adoring 
tmolianrwydd, n, praise, renown 
moliant, iannau, n, praise, adoration 
tmoloch, a, restless, disquiet 



MOR 

molog, a, with white matter in the eye. 

Y frech folog, small-pox 
tmolt, n/= mold 
traolud, n, praise; fame 
fmolwynog, a, full 
tmoU, a, distended; hence ffroenfoll, 

with dilated nostrils 
mollt, pi. myllt, /i, mutton; wether 
moUtgig, n, mutton 
moment -au, nf, moment 
monach, etc. See mynach 
monllyd, a, apt to sulk, sulky, petulant 
monni, v, to sulk, to pout 
tmonoch, up (-en, nf), entrails, guts 
monof, py-{-pn, of me = mohonoI. Set 

mo 
tmonwent -ydd, «/=mynwent 
monwes, etc. See mynwes 
Monwysion, np, people of Anglesey 
mopa, mopren -ni, », stirrer=ymotbren 
môr, moroedd, fmyr, «, sea, ocean 
mor, ad, liow, so, as 
môr-adar, up, sea-fowl 
tmorawd, n, seafaring; voyage 
morawl, a, sea, marine, maritime 
tmorawl, n, sea 
tmorben -nau -nydd, n, headland, pro- 

nii.mtory 
morbryf -ed, n, sea animal 
morbysg -od, en, sea-fish 
tmorc, tmorch -iau, n, mirk, an old 

E!i£;lisli coin ol t!:e value of 13/4 
morcath -od, nf, ray, skate [cath for) 
tmorch -iau, n. See more 
morchwain, np (chwannen, nf), sand- 

hiippcrs 
mordaith, deithiau, nf, voyage 
mordeithiwr, wyr, n, voyager 
mordir -oedd, n, maritime land, coast 
mordrai, n, ebb of the sea 
tmordwy -on, n, motion of the sea, 

surge, flood ; sea voyage 
irordwyad -au, n, voyaging, voyage 
mordwyaeth, nf, navigation 
mordwyo, v, to go by sea, to sail, to 

voyage 
mordwyol, a, seafaring; sailing 
mordwywr, wyr, n, mariner, sailor 
môrdywydd, ", sweet-gale 
môrdywys, en, hart's-tongue seaweed 
môrddanadl, np, horehound 
môrddraenog -od, n, sea-urchin, echinus 
raorddwyd -ydd, nf, thigh 
traoreb, n, haven, harbour 
284 



MOR 

môreryr -od, n, osprey 
morfa, feydd, n, moor, fen, marsh 
môrfalwen, falwod, w/, sea-snail 
tmorfar, n, the rage of the sea 
morfarch, feirch, n, sea-horse; walrus; 

whalet 
morfll -od, n, marine animal; whale; 

narwhalf; walrusf- Asgwrn tnorfil, 

ivory 
morflaidd, fleiddiau, ;;, shark 
môrfochyn, foch, n, porpoise; grampus; 

dolphin 
môrforwyn -ion, ynion, «/, mermaid 
morfran, frain, nj, cormorant 
môrfrwydr -au, «/, sea-fight 
mortrwyn, up (-en, nf), sea-rushes 
tmorfurm, n, ' sea-barm,' foam 
morfuwch, fuchod, nf, walrus, morse, 

manatee 
tmorfwyd, n, food from the sea, sea-food 
morgad -au, ;;/, sea-fight 
morgainc, geinciau, nf, arm or branch 

of the sea, gulf 
tmôrgamlas -au, lesydd, nf, estuary 
jmorgaseg, gesig nf, billow, breaker 
morgath -od, nf, skate, ray 
môrgelyn, np (-en, nf), the eryngo 
môrgerwyn -i, nt, whirlpool, vortex; 

abyss 
morgi, gwn, u, dog-fish; shark 
morglawdd, gloddiau, n, embankment, 

mole, cop 
morgranc -od, fgrainc, n, sea-crab 
morgrug, np (-yn, n), ants 
môrgudyn, n, the polypus 
môrgyllel!, yll, nf, the calamary, cuttle- 
fish ; razor-shell 
tmfirgymlawdd, n. surging of the sea; 

storm, tempest, inundation 
tmorhaig, n, a great shoal 
môrherwr, wyr, n, sea-rover, pirate, 

buccaneer 
morhesg, np, sea-sedge, sea-reed 
môrhocys, np, marsh-mallows 
morhwch, hychod, foch, nc, porpoise ; 

grampus; dolphin 
movie, ;•, t'-i voyage, to sail 
moriog, a, rough (of the sea) 
moriwr, wyr, n, voyager 
môrladrad -au, n, piracy 
morian -nau, «,', sea brink, beach 
morlas, a & n, sea-green 
môr^eidr ladron, n, pirate, corsair 
môrlcisiad, iaid, n, pollack 



MOT 

monen -m, nf, morlun -iau, n, chart 
fmorlo, n, sea-coal 
morlo, loi, n, sea-calf, seal 
tmorlwch, n, sea-spray 
môrlwyau, np, scurvy-grass 
môrlyflant, aint, n, the frog-fish 
morlyn -noedd, n, lagoon 
môrlysywen -nod, nf, conger-eel 
tmornant, nentydd, n, sea inlet 
môrnodwydd -au, 'if, needle-fish 
moron, up (-en, nf), carrots 
tmorsarff, seirfl, nf, sea-serpent 
mortals, telsiau, nf, mortise 
morteisio, v, to mortise 
morter -au, n, mortar 
morteru, v, to pound in a mortar, to bray 
morthwyl -ion, n, hammer 
morthwylfa -oedd, feydd, nf, forge 
morthwyliadwy, a, malleable 
morthwylio, v, to hammer, to beat, to 

forge 
morthwyliwr, wyr, n, hammerer 
môrwaneg -au, nf, sea-wave, billow 
morwch, hc= morhwch 
môrwennol, wenoliaid, nf, sea-swallow, 

tern 
môrwiail, tmôrwyal, np, a kind of sea- 
weed, laminaria 
morv/T, wyr, ü, seaman, sailor, mariner 
morwriaeth, ?;/, seamansliip, navigation 
morwrol, a, of a sailor, seamanlike 
tmôrwybr, nf, sea voyage {D.P.O.) 
morwydd, np, (-en, nf), mulberry-trees 

(i Chron. xiv. 15) 
morwyn -ion, ynion, ■;, maid{en), virgin 
morwynaidd, fmorwynain, a, maidenly, 

virgin 
morwyndod, n, virginity 
morwynig, nf, little maid, maiden 
morwynol, a, virgin, maiden 
tmoi wynwraig, wragedd, nf, virgin wife, 

betrothed maid, maiden, damsel 
tmorwysiaid, np, rain-bubbles 
tmory, ad. See fory, yfory 
moryd -au -iau, nf, inlet of sea-water; 

estuary 
moryn -nau, n, billow, breaker, a 'sea' 
morynion, np, maids, maidens, virgins: 

s. morwyn 
mosiwn -s, n, motion, gesture, sign 

(coUoq.) 
motbren -nau, n, stiiTÌng-stick=ymot- 

bren 
motlai, a & n, motley 

285 



MOW 



MWN 



mownti, n, agricultural show (dial.) 

tmu, n, ox, cow=tl>u 

tmu, n, a quarter ol a ton 

tmuchudd, »;, jet 

irut', 'Î, baggage (i Sam. xvii. 22) 

fmud, n, mew, nioiUt 

mud, a, dumb, mute, speechless, silent; 

dull (of ache, etc.). {Lat. mutus) 
mudan -od, «, mute, dumb man 
mudandod, n, muteness, dumbness, 

speechlessness, silence 
mudanes, fmudes -au, n/, dumb woman 
mudaniaeth, /;/, muteness, dumbness 
mudta -oedd, feydd, nf, remuval 
mudiad -au, n, removing, removal, 

movement, migration 
tmudiiw, n, motley colour 
mudo, V, to changet; to remove, to 

move, to migrate; to emigrate (Lat. 

muto) 
mudol, a, moving, movable, migratory 
mudsain, seiniaid, nf, mute letter 
mudwr, wyr, n, remover 
mul -od, n, mule; donkey 
finui, a, bashtui, modest, simple, lowly, 

humble, meek 
mulaidd, a, mulish, asinine 
tmulder, tmuldra, n, bashfulness, mo- 
desty 
mules -au, nf, she-mule, she-ass 
mulfran, frain, nf, cormorant 
mulo, V, to sulk 
mulsyn, w, donkey (dial.) 
tinun, n/, hand 
mun, nf. See bun 
tmunaid, eidiau, nf, handful 
tmuned, nf, hand 
tmuner -oedd, n, prince, lord 
tmuneru, v, to have dominion, to rule 
munud -au, n & nf, minute, moment, 

instant 
munud -iau, n, sign, s;esture; nod 
munudio, v, to make siestures, to 

gesticulate 
munudol, a, minute 
tmunudrwydd, ;i=mynudrwydd 
munudyn, n, dim. of munud 
mur -iau t-oedd, n, wall 
tmurdderwr, wyr, n, murderer 
tmurddin, a, walled 
murddun -nod, n ruin, ruins 
murganllaw -iau, n, parapet, battlement 
tmurgraid, a & n (one) of great ardour 
murio, V, to build; to wall 



muriog, a, walled 
muriol, a, mural 

muriwr, wyr, n, wall-builder, waller 
murlen -ni, nf, poster, placard 
murlysiau, np, pellitory ot the wall 
murmur, v, to murmur : -on, n, murmur 
murmurog, a, murmuring 
murmurwr, wyr, n, murmurer 
fmurn, n, injury; murder, assassination 
fmurndra, n, violence, outrage, murder 
fmurndwrn, n, murder; hidden murder 
tmurnio, i', to waylay; to murder, to 

assassinate 
tmurniwr, wyr, /:, murderer, assassin 
murol, a, mural 

mursen -nod, nf, coquette; prude 
mursendod, n, coquetry; prudery; affec- 
tation 
mursennaidd, ;;, affected, prudish 
mursennu, v, to coquette, to mince 
mursennwr, enwyr, n, fop, dandy 
musgrell, a, slow, sluggish, slothful; 

slovenly; feeble, decrepit, infirm; 

clumsy, bungling 
musgrelli, musgrellni, n, feebleness, 

debility ; slovenliness, clumsiness 
mwd, n, mud 

tmẅd, mydau, n, arrh, vault, ceiling 
tmWQ, n, inew, cage=mud 
mwdran, n, washbrew; gruel=bwdran 
mwdwl, mydylau, n, cock (of hay, etc.) 
tmwdd, myddi, n, arch, vault 
mwg, n, smoke, tume, reek 
mwgwd, mygydau, n, bandage over the 

eyes, blind mask. — y dail, — yr 

ieir, blind-man's-buff 
mwng, myngau, n, mane 
mwngial, v, to mutter, to luurinur, to 

mumble 
mwlwg, ;;, refuse, sweepings, rhaS (Isa. 

xli. r5) 
mwll, rt. close, warm, sultry: /. tmoll 
mwmi, îod, n, mummy 
mwmian, mwmial, v, to hum, to mumble 
mŵn, mwnau, n, ore, mineral, metal 
tmwnai, en, money, coin 
mwnawl, a, mineral; mining 
mwnci, îod, n, monkey 
mwnclaidd, a, monkeyish, apish 
tmWndill -iau, );/, stirrer, ladle 
mwnglawdd, gioddiau, n, mine 
mwngloddio, v, to mine 
mwnofydd -ion, n, mineralogist 
mwnoiyddiaeth, nf, mineralogy 
286 



MWN 



mwnofyddol, a, mineralogical 

tmwnt, mynnau, n, mound; mount 

■fmwnt, n, hundred thousand, 100,000 

mwnwgl, mynyglau, n, neck; swivel. 
Mwnwgl y Uoed, instep. iMyned 
ddwylaw mwnwgl, to embrace 

mwnwr, wyr, n, miner 

mwnws, en, dust, powder, dirt, ashes, 
particles, debris; dross; wealth, lucre 

Mŵr, Mwriaid, ;i. Moor 

tmwrdrio, mwrdro, v, to murder 

mwrdrwr, wyr, n, murderer 

mwrdwr, n, murder 

tmwrddrad, n, murder 

mwren, nj, murrain 

tmwrl, n, cruml'lms; stone: a, crumbling 

mwrllweh, n, fog, vapour, mist, haze 

mwrn, n, sultry weather : a, sultry, 
close, warm 

mwrndra, n, sultriness 

mwrno, v, to become sultry 

tmwrrai, n it a, murrey, mulberry colour 

mwrthwl, myrthwylion, n, hammer 

1 raws, a, stale, rank, stinking 

mwsel -i, n, muzzle 

mwselu, V, to muzzle 

mwsg, n, musk 

mwsgadel, n, muscatel 

mwsged -i, n & nf, musket 

mwslin, n, muslin 

mwsogl, n, moss 

rawsogli, V, to gather moss, to moss 

mwsoglyd, n, mossy 

mwstard, mwstart, n, mustard 

mwstàs, tasus, n, moustache 

mwstr, n, muster 

tmwstrio, V, to muster 

mwstro, V, to make commotion, to be 
restless, to be uneasy, to fidget 

mwstwr, n, muster; bustle, commotion, 
stir 

mwswg(l), mwswm, n, moss 

tmwt, n, mud 

tmwtlai, a Si n, motley 

fmwtog, nj, mud-swamp 

fmwth, rt, rapid, fleet, nimble 

mwy, a, additional ; more ; larger, 
greater, bigger: ad, more, again 
(comp. of mawr and llawer) 

mwyaeh, ad, more, any more, hence- 
forth 

mwyadur -on, n, microscope 

mwyafrif -au, ;:, majority 

tmwyaid, up, mass wafers=bwyaid 



M WY 

mwyalch, mwyalehen, -od, ;;/, black- 
bird, ouzel. Mwyalehen y dwfr, 
Mwyalehen ddivr, water ouzel. Mwy- 
alehen y graig, ring-ouzel 
mwyar, np (-en, nf), berries; black- 
berries 
mwyara, v, to gather blackberries 
mwyd, 11, what is soaked or steeped; 

soaking, steeping 
tmwydiar -au, nf, trencher, tray 
mwydion, iip (-yn. ;;), soft parts ; 

crumb; pith, pulp 
mwydioni, v, to crumb, to crumble 
mwydionog, a, pithy 
mwydle -oedd, n, the tetlock 
mwydo, v, to soak, to steep, to moisten; 

to soften; to infuse, to brew 
mwydol, a, soaking, moistening, steep- 
ing, damping. 
mwydro, v, to moider, to bewilder 
mwydwr, wyr, n, soaker, steeper 
tmwydydd, n, a dyer 
mwydyn, w=abwydyn 
tmwyeri, np, brambles (mieri) 
mwyfwy, ad, more and more 
mwygl, a, tepid; warm, sultry 
mwyglder, n, tepidity, lukewarmness; 

apathy 
mwygledd, n, tepidity; sultriness 
tmwyglen, nf, whore, harlot 
m wyglo, V, to become soft ; to grow sultry 
mwy had, n, increase, augmentation 
mwyhaol, a, augmentative 
mwyhau, v, to increase, to augment, 

to enlarge, to magnify, to enhance 
tmwyll, n, tomb 
mwyn. mŵn, n, mmet; ore 
mwyn, n, enjoyment, use; benefit; sake. 
Er mwyn, for the sake of, in order 
to. Er ei fwyn, for his sake 
mwyn, a, kind, gentle, mild ; dear 
mwynaidd, a, gentle, courteous 
mwynder, tmwynedd, ;;, kindness, mild- 
ness, gentleness. mwynderau, de- 
lights, pleasures, amenities 
mwyneidd-dra, ", kindness, gentleness, 

courtesy; meekness; comfortt 
mwyneiddio, r, to become kind, gentle, 

or mild 
tmwynen -nau, nf, gentle maid 
mwynglawdd, gloddiau, n, mine 
mwynhad, ".. enjoyment, pleasure 
mwynhau, v, to use, to employ ; to 
enjoy ; to availt 

287 



MWY 

mwyniant, iannau, n. use, profit, benefit; 
enjoy:nent, pleasure (Heb xi. 25) 

mwynlan, a, fair and gentle 

mwynwr, wyr, n, miner 

tmwynwr, wyr, », gentleman, esquire 

mwys, w/, mease, 500 herrings 

mwys, a, ambiguous; equivocal. Gair 
viwys, a word ot two meanings 

tmwys, M/, hamper, basket, crate 

mwysair, eiriau, n, pun 

mwysei -i, n, bushel; muzzle 

tmwysmant, n, ambushment 

mwyth, n, fever; ague 

fmwyth, a, soft, delicate. mwythau, 
dainties; indulgence, caresses 

tmwythdew, a, plump, sleek 

mwythlyd, a, pampered, spoilt 

mwytho, v, to suffer from ague 

mwytho, v, to pet, to fondle, to pamper 

mwythus, a, delicate, dainty, pampered 

mwythustra, n, luxury, indulgence 

myetod, «, suffocation 

mydr -au, n, metre, verse 

mydraeth, «/, versification 

mydriad, n, versification 

mydrol, a, metrical 

mydru, v, to versify 

mydrwr, wyr, /1, versifier, poet 

mydryddiaeth, «/, versification 

mydryddol, a, metrical 

mydryddu, v, to versify 

tmydu, V, to arch, to vault, to ceil 

tmydwaledd, n, speech, discourse, elo- 
quence 

mydylu, v, to stack, to cock 

trayddi, îau, nf, hogshead 

myfi, pii, I, me, myself 

myfîaeth, nf, egotism 

myfinnau, pn, emphat. of minnau 

myfîol, a, egotistic 

myfîydd -ion, n, egotist 

myfyr -ion, n, thought, meditation 

myfyr, a, musing, pensive 

myfyrdod -au, nf, meditation, contem- 
plation, cogitation ; study 

myfyrfa, feydd, nf, study 

myiyrgar, a, studious, contemplative 

myfyrgell -oedd, nf, study 

myfyriad -au, n, meditation, reflection, 
study 

myfyrio, v, to meditate, to study, to 
contemplate 

myfyriol, a, contemplative, meditative, 
pensive; mindfult, heedfult 



' MYN . 

myfyriwr, wyr, n, student 

tmyg, a, holy, sacred, solemn, reveren- 
tial; honoured, revered: -ion, n, 
sulemnity, sanctity 

mygdarth, n, vapour, fog; fumigation; 
incense 

mygdarthu, v, to burn incense; to 
fumigate 

mygdod, n. See myetod 

tmyged -au, nf, respect, reverence, 
honour: a, respected, honoured, 
solemn 

mygedol, a, honorary 

tmygedorth -au, nf, fortification 

mygfa, feydd, nf, suffocation; asthma 

mygfaen, feini, n, brimstone 

myglyd, a, smoky, reeky, suffocating, 
stifling, close; choking, puffy, asth- 
matic 

myglys, n, tobacco 

myglysydd -ion, n, tobacconist 

mygni, n, dif&culty of breathing, asthma 

tmygodarth, fmygodorth, n, vapour, 
exhalation, flatulency 

tmygr, tmygrol, a, fine, majestic, glorious 

mygu, V, to smoke ; to suffocate, to 
stifle, to smother 

mygydu, v, to blindfold 

mygyn, «, a smoke 

myngen, nf, dim. of mwng 

tmyngfras, a, thick-maned 

myng-grych, a, curly-maned 

myngial, v, to mumble, to mutter 

myngog, a, having a mane, maned 

myngus, a, muttering, mumbling, in- 
distinct, inarticulate 

myharan, myharen, heryn, n, wether; 
ram (maharen) 

myllni, n, sultrmess 

myllt, np, wethers: s. mollt 

t my lit, Mp=mellt 

myllu, V, to grow sultry 

mympwy -on, n, opinion: humour; 
whim, caprice, fad 

tmympwyo, v, to opine 

mympwyol, a, opinionativc, arbitrary, 
capricious 

mympwywr, wyr, n, faddist 

mymryn -nau, n, atom, particle, bit, 
mite, jot, whit 

myn [pronounce y as in yn], pr, ori- 
ginally 'an oath'; now a formula of 
swearing rendered ' by.' See Gen. 
xlii. 15 and i Cor. xv. 31 
288 



MYN 



c. ^;-'- 



.dSLÄ 



MYR 



tmyn, an old locative case írom man, 

in the place 
myn -nod -nau, n, kid, young goat 
mynach -od, mynaich, n, monk 
mynachaeth, »//, monachism, monas- 

ticism 
mynaehdy, dai, n, monastery, convent 
tmynaches -au, nf, nun 
mynachlog -ydd i-oedd, nf, monastery, 

abbey 
mynachol, a, monkisli, monastic: w/f, 

monastery 
tmynag, eig, eigion, n & nf, report, 

recital; index, indicator 
tmynas -au, nf, menace, threat 
tmynasu, v, to menace, to threaten 
tmynawg, «=mynog 
mynawyd -au, «, awl 
mynci, lau, myncyn -nau, n, hame(s), 

part of a horse-collar 
myncog, n, heath, ling 
■fmynechdid nf, monastery 
myned, v, to go 

mynedfa -oedd, feydd, nf, entrance; de- 
parture; exit; entry, passage 
mynediad, «, going; entrance; access. 

Mynediad i mewn yn rhad, admission 

free 
mynedol, a & n, (affected for) past 
mynedydd -ion, n, goer 
mynegadwy, a, expressible 
mynegai, eion, nc, mdex; exponent 
mynegair, eiriau, «, concordance 
mynegbost, byst, n, finger-post 
mynegfys -edd, n, forefinger; index (!"•") 
mynegi, v, to tell, to express, to 

relate, to declare, to report, to 

inform 
mynegiad -au, n, statement, declaration, 

expression 
mynegiadol, a, declaratory 
tmynegiaeth, nf, recital 
mynegiant, n, expression, statement 
mynegol, a, expressive, indicative 
mynegwr, wyr, n, teller, declarer 
tmynfyr, n, miniver 
myniar, ieir, nf, snipe 
mynnan, nc, young kid 
mynned, v. imper. 3 smg. of mynnu 
mynnu, v, to wish, to desire, to will; 

to seek, to get, to obtain; to insist, 

to persist ; to maintain 
mynnyn, n, young kid 
tmynog, a, kindly, genial 
19 



fmynogi, tmynogrwydd, n, kindness, 

courtesy, urbanity 
mynor -ion, n, marble 
fmynrein, a, with rings in the mane 
fmynta -oedd, n, million, 1,000,000 
myntumio, v, to maintain (maentumio) 
tmynud, a, courtly, polite: n, manners 
tmynudrwydd, n, manners, courtesy 
tmynwair, we'r, nf, (harness) collar 
traynwed, nf, gentleness 
mynwent -au -ydd -i, fmynwennoedd, 

nf, churchyard, graveyard, burial 

ground, cemetery; gravet, tombf 
mynwes -au, nf, breast, bosom ; mid- 
dle 
mynwesol, a, of the bosom. Cyfaill 

mynwesol, bosom friend 
mynwesu, v, to embrace, to cherish 
tmynwor, nf, collar 
tmynws, c»=mwnws 
mynych, a, frequent, often 
mynychder, mynychdra, n, frequency 
mynychiad, n, frequenting; repetition 
mynychu, v, to frequent, to attend; to 

repeat 
mynychwr, wyr, n, frequenter 
mynyd, &c. See munud 
mynydd -oedd -au t-edd «, mountain. 

Mynydd llosg, — tan, volcano, t^ 

fynydd, up (t fyny) 
mynyddaidd, a, mountainous 
mynydd-dir, n, hill-country 
mynyddig, mynyddog, a, mountainous, 

hUly 
mynyddwr, wyr, n, mountaineer 
mynyglog, nf, the quinsy 
tmŷr, np, seas: s. môr 
tmŷr, tmyrion, np, ants 
tmyrdwyn -au, n, ant-hill 
myrdd -oedd, n, myriad, ten thousand, 

10,000; infinity 
myrddiwn, iynau, n, myri.-^d; 10,000 
tmyrierid, n, pearl=mererid 
tmyrion, np (-en, nf), ants 
myrllyd, a, myrrhy 
myrndra, n, sultriness 
myrnio, v, to become sultry 
myrr, n, myrrh 
myrt, n, myrtle (Zech. i. 11) 
myrtwydd, np (-en, nf), myrtle-trees 

(Zech. i. 8) 
tmyrthwl, n=mwrthwl, morthwyl 
fmyrwerydd, n, delirium= marwerydd 

merwerydd 

289 



MYR 



NAW 



myrydd, np, sea-reed, sea-matweed nadd -ion, n, what is hewn or chipped, 

tmysangu, tmysaing, v, to trample Carreg nadd, freestone; hewn stone, 

= amsangu slate pencil 

mysg, n, midst. Ymysg, amid, amidst, tnaddfaen, n, hewn stone; freestone 
among, amongst. -^Ar fysg, I fysg, naddiad, n, hewing, carving 
among. fysg, from among naddial, v, to chip, to whittle 

tmysgi, n, confusion, tumult naddiant, n, naddiaeth, ;i/, hewing 

tmysgu, V, to mix, to mingle, to blend naddion, np, chips; shreds; lint 
mysgu, V, to loose, to undo (S.W.) naddo, ad, negative of do, in reply to 

mysni, n, staleness, rankness questions with verb in aorist tense, 

tmysterin, a, noisy, boisterous, tumult- rendered in English ' no ' 

uous naddu, v, to hew, to cut, to chip, to 

whittle ; to sponge 
naddwr, wyr, n, hewer, cutter 
naf, pi. neiflon, «, lord. Naf, the Lord 
nafl, n, navvy 

nag, n, negative; denial, refusal: c, than 
nage, ad, not that; not so; no, nay 
nai, neiaint, n', nephew 
naid, neidiau, «/, jump, leap, bound 
tnaid, «/, refuge, protection. ■\Croes 

naid, (cross used as) talisman 
naill, dem. pn, for yn aill, the one: c, 

either, other 
nain, neiniau, n/, grandmother 
nail, pn, other. Un a'r null, the one 
and the other=y naill a'r Hall 
(Dyfed dial.) 
nam -au, n, mark, blemish, flaw; fault, 
sin; exception 



myswynog -au -ydd, nf, barren cow 

mysyglog, a, mossy 

mysyglu, v, to gather moss, to moss 

tmythder, n, fleetness (from mwth) 

tmythl. M=meth! 

mywion, np (-yn, «, -en, nf), ants 

tmywn, pr=mevn 

tmywyliau, np, vigils 

mywyn, mywynt, n, pith 

mywynnog, a, having pith, pithy 



N 



na, nac, c, nor, neither. Na hen nac 
ieuanc, neither young nor old 

na, nac, ad, no, not. Na wna, do not. 
Nac edrych, look not 



na, nad, nas, ad, that. ..not. (The d fnam, fnamed, pr, but, since, except 

in nad and s in nas represent re- fnamu, v, to blemish; to except 

spectively a preverbal particle and namyn, fnamwyn, pr, except, but, save 

a postvocalic pers. pron.) nan, ad, now; well; yes; what ? (S.W.) 

na, nag, c, than nant, nentydd, tnaint, tnannau, nf & nf, 

nabl -au, n, psaltery (Ps. xxxiii. 2) Ijrook; dingle, glen, valley; ravine, 

nabod, t^=adnabod gorge 

nac, nd, no, not. Nac oes, there is not; napcyn -au, n, napkin (Luke xix. 20) 

no: c, nor, neither Nac angau nac fnar, naredd, n, dwarf; puny thing 



einioes, neither death nor life 
nac, c. See na 
naca, v, to refuse, to deny 
nacâd, n, refusal, denial 
nacaol, a, negative 
nacàu, v, to refuse, to deny 
tnachaf, t, lo ! behold ! 
nad, ad, not; that. ..not. See na 
nad, nadau, nf, cry, howl; clamour 
nadael, v= nadu (na + gadael) 
Nadolig, n, Christmas 



nard, nardus, n, nard, spikenard 
nas, ad, not, that. ..not. See na 
tnasiwn, iynau, n, nation 
natur, nf, nature ; temper 
naturiaeth -au, nf, nature 
naturiaethwr, wyr, naturiaethydd -ion, 

n, naturalist 
naturiol, a, natural. Mab naturiol, own 

son (i Tim. i. 2) 
naturioldeb, n, naturalness 
naturioli, v, to naturalize 



nadreddog, a, abounding with snakes, naturus, a, spirited, quick-tempered 

snake-infested, snaky naw, n, nine: a, nine, 9, ix 

nadu, V, to cry (out), to howl tnaw, n=nawf 

nadu, V, to stop, to hinder (na-f-gadu) fnawd, n, kin, kind, stock, race, nation, 
nadwr, wyr, n, crier nature, condition, plight 

290 



NAW 



NEI 



nawdeg, a, ninety = áíg a phedwar ugain 

nawdd, noddau, n, refuge, protection, 
succour; quarter; sanctuary; patron- 
age; support; sanction 

tnawdd-dir, n, sanctuary 

nawddogaetb, nf, patronage; protec- 
tion 

nawddogi, v, to patronize, to protect 

nawddogwr, wyr, n, patron 

tnawf, nofion, n, swim, swimming; the 
swimming bladder of a fish, sound 

nawfed, fnawed, a, ninth 

nawn, nonau, n, meridian, noon; (eccl.) 
nones 

nawnddydd, n, afternoon, evening 

nawnlin -au, nf, meridian 

nawnol, a, meridional, nuon 

naws -au, nf, nature, disposition; tem- 
perament; tinge, flavour, aroma, 
essence, tincture, spice; feel, touch; 
a bit, a whit, anything. Ni wn i 
naws, I know nothing 

nawsaidd, a, genial; kind; soft, tender 

nawseiddio, v, to temper; to soften; to 
imbue 

nawsio, V, to temper; to spice; to per- 
vade; to ooze, to percolate 

tnawsol, a, natural 

nawswyllt, a, passionate 

tne, w=gne 

neb, tnebawd, n, somebody; anybody: 
then, with negative understood, no- 
body. Cf. French personne 

neb, a, any; some; none 

nebdyn, nebun, n, anyone; someone; 
no one 

nedd, np (-en, nf), nits 

tneddair, nf, hand 

neddau, neddyf, pi. neddyfau, nf, adze; 
axe 

nef -oedd, nf, heaven. (In popular use 
nefoedd is a noun feminine singular) 

nefol, nefolaidd, a, heavenly, celestial 

nefoldeb, nefolder, n, heavenliness 

nefoli, V, to make or become heavenly 

tnetoliaeth, nf, heavenly state 

tnefwy, n=nef 

neges -au -euau, ;;/, errand, message, 
matter, business, affair (2 Tim. ii. .4.) 

negesa, negeseua, v, to go on errands; 
to negotiate, to trade (Gen. xxxiv. 10) 

negeseuwr, negeswr, wyr, negesydd -ion, 
n, one who goes errands, messenger, 
errand-boy; commissionaire 



tnegesog, fnegesol, nc, messenger 
negeswas, weision, n, errand-lad, mes- 
senger 
negeswr, negesydd, n. See negeseuwr 
negydd -ion, n, denier, refuser; negative 
negyddiaeth, nf, denial, refusal 
negyddol, a, negative 
neiaintgarwch, n, nepotism 
neidio, v, to leap, to jump, to spring: 

to throb 
neidiol, a, jumping, leaping 
neidiwr, wyr, n, leaper, jumper 
neidr, pi. nadroedd, nadredd, nf, snake, 
adder. Neidr gantroed, centipede. 
Gwas y neidr, Gwachell y neidr, 
dragon-fly. Fel lladd nadroedd, with 
might and main ; at full speed 
neidraidd, a, snaky 
tneidrwydd -au, n, tlie 'temples 
Neiflon, n, Neptune 
tneillawr, ad, at another time 
neilltu, n, other side, one side. O'r 
neilltii, aside, apart ; separately, sever- 
ally. ^Ar neilltu, one by one, separ- 
ately, severally 
neilUuad, n, separation 
neilltuaeth, nf, privacy, retirement, 
seclusion. Tir neilltuaeth, a desert 
land (Lev. xvi. 22) 
neilltuedig, a, secluded 
neilltuedd, n, retirement, seclusion 
neilltuo, V, to retire; to put aside; to 

separate, to set apart 
neilltuol, a, separate, distinct ; particular, 
pecuhar, special; private. Cym- 
deiihas neilltuol, private society, fel- 
lowship meeting, neilltuolion, pecu- 
liarities, characteristics 
neilltuoli, V, to distinguish, to separate 
neilltuolrwydd, n, peculiarity, distinc- 
tion 
neina, nf, grandmamma, grandmother 
tneint, a pi. of nant 
fneirthiad, n, strengthener, helper ; 

mighty one 
neis, a, nice 

neisied -i, nf, kerchief, handkerchief 
neithdar, n, (factitious for) nectar 
neithdaraidd, a, nectareous, nectarous 
neithior -au, n/, marriage fea?t, marriage 

bidding 
neithiori, v, to keep a marriage feast 
neithiorwr, wyr, n, wedding-guest 
neithiwr, neithiwyr, ad, last night 
291 



'l AgwvA/Uui-A . nA>ŵ^Uow<2A^ > 



NEM 



NI 



nemawr, nemor, a, few in number. 
Nemor o, hardly any, scarcely any 
(with negative implied or expressed) 

nen -nau -noedd t-nawr, ;;/, ceiling, 
v.iiilt ; roof, top; the heavens, the sky; 
canopy. Neii tŷ, honse-top, garret 

nenbren -nau -ni, /;, roof-beatn, roof- 
tree 

nendwr, dyrau, n, dome, cupola 

nenfwd, fydau, n, ceiling 

nenfydu, v, to ceil 

nenfforch, fTyrch, n/, fork supporting 
roof-tree 

nenlen -ni, nf, canopy 

tnennawr, np, skies. See nen 

fnennawr, nf, garret, attic 

nennig, n/, small brook, streamlet 

nennu, v, to roof, to ceil 

fneodr, a, neuter; neither 

nepell, mi. Yn nepell, at some distance; 
far. Heb fod yn nepell, at no distance; 
not far 

tnêr, neredd, nŷr, n, lord. Nêr, the 
Lord 

nerco, n, fool, simpleton (hanercof) 

nerth -oedd, n & nf, might, power, 
strength, force, support, succour. 
Nerth braich ac ysgwydd, with all 
one's might. Nerth ei draed, at full 
speed. Nerth ei geg, his loudest 

nerthàu, v:= nerthu 

nerthiad, nerthiant, n, strengthening, 
fortification, support 

nerthocàu, v= nerthu 

tnerthog, «—nerthol 

tnerthogi, v= nerthu 

nerthol, a, strong, powerful, potent, 
puissant; mighty 

nerthu, v, to strengthen, to support, 
to succour 

nerthwr, wyr, n, strengthener, supporter 

nes, a, nearer. Yn nes ymlaen, fur- 
ther on 

nes, ad, till, until 

nesaf, a, nearest, next 

neshad, nesiad, nesiatit, n, approach 

neshaol, a, approachini; 

neshau, v, to approach, to draw near, to 
bring near 

nesnes, ad, nearer and nearer 

nesu, V, to approach, to draw near, to 
bring near, to move. Nesu draw, to 
move away 
neu, c, or 



tneu, afiSrmative particle, orig. meaning 

now ; verily, indeed 
tneuad, n, wealth, riches 
neuadd -au, nf, hall, large room 
1-neud=tneu 

tneued, tneuedd, fneufedd, nf, grudge, 
stinginess, niggardliness, penurious- 
ness, stint 
tneur, tneus, tneut=tneu 
newid, v, to change, to alter; to ex- 
change : -iau, n, change ; goods, mer- 
chandise 
newidfa -oedd, feydd, nf, exchange 
newidiad -au, w, changing, change 
tnewidio, v, to change, to exchange 

(Job xiv. 20) 
tnewidiol, a, changeable, mutable 
tnewidwriaeth, «/, commerce, barter 
newydd, a, new, novel; fresli. O'r 
newydd, anew. Y mae newydd fod, 
he has just been 
newydd -ion t-iau, n, news. Newydd 
da, good news (sing.). Newyddion 
da, good news (plur.). Papur newydd, 
pi. papurau newyddion, newspaper 
newyddbeth -au, «, a novelty 
newydd-deb, n, newness, novelty 
newydd-ddyfodiad, iaid, n, new-comer 
newydd-eni, a, new-born 
newyddgoeg, a, newfangled 
newyddiadur -on, n, newspaper 
newyddiaduriaeth, nf, journalism 
newyddiadurol, a, journalistic 
newyddiadurwr, wyr, ;;, journalist, pub- 
licist 
newyddian -od, nc, novice, neophyte 

(i Tim. iii. 6) 
tnewyddlif, a, newly ground 
newyddu, v, to make new, to renovate; 

to innovate 
newyddwr, wyr, n, innovator 
newyn, n, Imngp.r; famine 
newyndod, newyndra, n, hungriness 
newynllyd, newynog, a, hungry, starv- 
ing, faniishin,;; 
ne wynu, v, to hunger, to famish, to starve 
newynwr, wyr, n, starver 
nhw, nhwy, ^;i=hwy, hwynt-hwy 
nhwythau, /»!=hwythau, hwynt-hwy- 

thau 
ni, pii, we, \is 

ni, nid, ad, not. A'î' aììaf, I cannot. 
Nid amgen, not otherwise; to wit, 
namely. Nid felly, not so. See na 
292 



^IC 

nico, n, goldfinch. Jac y nico, cock 

goldfinch 
tnidr -au, n, hindrance, impediment, 

entanglement; delay 
tnidri, II, hindrance, entanglement 
tnidro, v, to tangle, to entangle, to be 

entangled 
tnidrwr, wyr, «, hinderer, obstructor 
nifeiriol, a, numerous; having a great 

retinuet 
nifer -oedd -i, n & n/, number; hostf; 

household troopst, retinuef 
niferai, eion, n, numerator 
Diferog, a, namerous; having a great 

retinuet 
niterol, a, numerical, numeral 
niferu, v, to number, to reckon 
niferus, a, numerous 
tniflged, M=anniflged 
nifwl -ion, n, mist, fog; cloud; nebula 
nilwlog, a, misty, foggy 
tnigmars, n, necromancy 
tnigromans,tnigromawns,w, necromancy 
tnigromawnswr, wyr, n, necromancer 
tnigus, tnigys, a, wrinkled, crumpled, 

shrunken ; tight 
nill -ion, a, poppy 
ninnau, pn-c,.we, us. See chwithau 
nis, ad-\-pn, not. . . .him, her, it. .Vjs 
cafodd, he did not obtain it. Nis 
?í7//'î/, I cannot do it. (The s is the 
inlixed object of the verb following) 
nitr, n, nitre 
nith -oedd -od, n/, niece 
nithio, V, to winnow, to sift 
nithiwr, wyr, n, winnower, sifter 
nithlen -ni, nf, winnowing-sheet 
tnithod, n, sifted snow, fine snow 
niwaid, n, factitious for niwed 
niwed, eidiau, n, harm, damage, detri- 
ment, injury, hurt 
niweidiad, n, injuring, injury 
niweidio, v, to harm, to injure, to 

damage, to hurt 
niweidiol, a, harmful, hurtful, injurious, 
detrimental, damaging, prejudicial, 
noxious 
niweidioldeb, u, harmfulness 
niweidiwr, wyr, n, injurer, damager 
niwl -oedd, n, mist, fog, haze. Niwl 

set, nebula 
niwien, «/, sing, or dim. of niwl 
niwliach, np, scattered cljuds, mists 
niwl(i)og, a, misty, foggy, hazy 



NOE 

niwl(i)ogrwydd, n, mistiness, fogginess 

niwlo, V, to become misty, to fog 

niwlwe -oedd, nf, gauze 

tno, tnog, c, than=na, nag 

nobl, a, noble, fine: -au, n, noble (coin) 

noblo, V, to peel (S.W.) 

fnoc, c=nog 

nod -au, n & nf, brand, mark, token; 

note, distinction. Haint y nodau, the 

plague. Hyd yn nod, even (wrongly 

written for hyd yn oed) 
nodaehfa, feydd, nf, bazaar 
nodedig, a, noted, notable, noteworthy, 

remarkable; specified, appointed, set 

(Ps. cii. 13) 
nodi, V, to mark, tc note, to state, 

to specify, to appoint (Acts xxviii. 23) 
nodiad -au, n, note, scholium 
nodiadur -iaid -on, n, notary 
nodiant, n, notation 
nodiedydd -ion, n, annotator, scholiast; 

notary 
nodion, np, notes : s. nodyn 
nodlyfr -au, n, note-book 
nodog, (I, having a mark, marked 
tnodol, a, marked, notable 
nodwedd -au -ion, nf, characteristic, 

character 
nodweddiad -au, n, character; charac- 
terization 
nodweddiadol, %, characteristic 
nodweddu, v, to ch.iracteriz.e 
fnodwiw, a, noteworthy 
nodwydd -au, nf, needle; pin. Nod- 

wydd ddtir, needle (for sewing, darning, 

etc.). Nodwydd y biigail, shepherd's 

needle, Venus's comb 
nodwyddaid, eidiau, nf, needleful 
nodwyddes -au, nf, needle-woman 
nodyn -nau, nodau, nodion, n, note 
nodd -ion, n, moisture; juice, sap 
nodd-dy, dai, n, asylum 
nodded, nf, refuge, protection 
noddfa, fâu, feydd, nf, refuge, asylum, 

sanctuary 
noddi, V, to afford refuge; to protect, 

to succour 
noddlyd, a, juicy, sappy, succulent 
noddwr, wyr, n, protector, succourer, 

supporter; patron 
fnoddydd, «= noddwr 
noe -au, n, , a shallow vessel ; dish used 

in making butter; kneading-trough; 

laver [Bible) 

293 



NOE 



NYTH 



Boeth, a, naked, nude, bare, exposed; 
unveiled, uncovered, unarmed; un- 
sheathed, drawn; downright, abso- 
lute, sheer. Cig noeth, raw 
noethder, noethedd, noethi, w, naked- 
ness, bareness 

noethi, v. to make bare, to bare, to 
denude; to unsheathe, to draw 

noethluman, a=noethlymun 

noethlwm, a, bare, exposed, bleak 

noethlymun, a, stark-naked, nude 

noethni, n, nakedness, nudity 

nofel -au, n/, novel 

nofelig -au, n/, novelette 

nofelwr, nofelydd, wyr, n, novelist 

noflad, n, swim, swimming 

nofladaeth, uf, swimniine;, natation 

nofiadoi, it, swimming, natatory 

nofiadwy, a, swimming; swimmable 

nofiedydd -ion, n, sv.immer 

nofio, V, to swim; to float 

noDs, n, novice 

noüwr, wyr, n, swimmer 

noflithro, v, to drift 

nog, n, jibbing 

tnog, tnoged, tnogyd, c, than=nas; 

nogio, I', to jib 

noglyd, n, jibbing, restive 

n61, hôl, V, to fetch, to bring 

tNordd, n, North 

Norddmaniaid, np, Normans 

Norman -iaid, n, Norman 

Northman, myn, «, North -Walian 

(coUoq.) 
nos -au, nosweithiau, n/, night Min 
nos, eve. Hanner nos, midnight. 
Nos dawch, good night (to you) 
nosi, V, to become night 
nosol, a, nocturnal, nightly 
noson, noswaith, pi. nosweithiau, n/, a 

night, an evening 
noswyl -iau, nf, eve of festival, vigil. 
Cadw noswyl, to cease work for the 
day; to keep vigilsf 
noswylio, v, to cease work at eve 
tnu, particle, orig. meaning 'now' 
nudd, nudden, «/, fog, mist, haze 
nuddo, V, to become foggy 
tnugiaw, V, to shake, to wag 
tnur, n, essence (mostly in compounds) 
tnus, n, milk, beestings 
nwy -on, ;;, gas 
nwyaidd, a, gassy, gaseous 
nwyd -au, n, p.^ssion; emotion 



nwydol, a, passional, emotional 
nwydwyllt, a, passionate, hot-tempered 
nwydd -au, n, substance, stuff; piece of 
goods, article, nwyddau, goods, wares, 
commodities 
nwyf -au, n, vivacity, animation, energy, 

vigour 
nwyfiant, n, vivacity, viraur 
tnwyfog, tnwyfol, a, spirited, wanton 
tnwyfre -oedd, n, firmament, atmo- 
sphere; empyrean, ether 
tnwyfserch, n, concupiscence, lust 
nwyf us, a, sprightly, spirited, lively, 

animated, vivacious 
nwyfusrwydd, n, sprightliness, vivacity 
nwyol, a, gaseous 

nych, II, languishing, pining, consump- 
tion, languor, weakness, feebleness, 
infirmity 
tnycha, i, behold, lo, see 
nychdod, n, languishing, consumption, 

feebleness, infirmity 
tnychglwyf, n, consumption 
nychlyd, n, pining, languishing, sickly, 

feeble, infirm 
tnychmeriad, iaid, n, wretch 
nychu, v, to languish, to pine; to afflict, 
to vex; to oppress, to overpower; to 
overdo 
nydwydd -au, ii/=nodwydd 
nydwyddes -au, ;i/=nodwyddes 
nydd -ion, <;, spin, twist 
nydd-droi, v, to twist, to screw 
nydd-dy, dai, n, spinning-house 
nyddol, a, spinning, twisting 
nyddu, v, to spin, to twist 
nyddwedd, nf, size of yarn in spinnmg 
nyddwr, wyr, n, spinner; nightjar 
nyddwraig, wragedd, nf, spinner 
fnyf, CÌÌ, snow 
tnyfed, vf, shrine 
fnymor, «= nemor 
nyni, pn, wo, us 

nyninnau, p:u emphat. of ninnau 
tnynt, a pi. of nant 
tnŷr, vp, lords, masters : s. nêr 
nyrs, nf, nurse 
nyrsio, v, to nurse 
tnyrth, n= north 
nyth -od, n & nf, nest 
nythaid, eidiau, vf, nestful 
nythfa -oedd, nf, nesting-n'ace 
nythlwyth, -au, n, brood 
nythu, V, to nest, to nestle ; to make a nest 
294 



^tdUfiJ^ -^ f^ ' íî^^^^^í^ . 



OED 



O 

0, pr, írom; ot, out of; by. ba 
achos, wherefore. fO blaid. See 
oblegid 

0, c, it 

0, î, oh, O. Arglwydd, O Lord 

0, pn, he, him, it 

tober, n, work, operation, deed 

joberydd -ion, », factor 

oblegid, to bleit (o blaid), c & pr, be- 
cause, for; as regards 

obry, ad, beneath, below: n, nadir 

tobryn -au, n, the second stage id Abred, 
or the circle ol'tr.iasmigration, inter- 
mediate between Annivn and Cydfil 

toe, pr, from, of, by. Oc awck = o'ch. 
Oc eu=o'u 

toco, ad, yonder, at a distance=acw 

ocr, n, gain, profit, usury 

ocraeth, «/, usury (Lev. xxv. 36) 

ocri, V, to practise usury 

oerwr, wyr, n, usurer 

oesiwn, iynau, nf, auction 

oewm, n, oakum 

och, toehan, i, oh, alas, woe 

OChain, v, to groan 

ochenaid, eidiau, nf, sigh 

ocheneidio, v, to sigh, to groan 

ocheneidiol, a, sighing, groanuig 

oeheneidiwr, wyr, n, sigher 

tochi, V, to sigh, to groan 

ochr -au, nf, side, edge, rim 

ochri, V, to side 

ochrog, a, having sides, sided 

ochrol, a. lateral 

ochrwr, wyr, n, sider 

6d, It, snow (Prov. xxvi. i) 

od, a, odd, extraordinary. Yn od dda, 
remarkably well 

tod, c, if. Od gwn, presumably, doubt- 
less 

odfa, feuon, ;(/=oedfa 

todfa, M/=oddfa 

odi, V, to siiov,- 

odiaeth, odiaethol, a, excellent, choice, 
exquisite: ad, very, most, extremely 

odid, n, a rarity; few: ad, probably; 
rarely; scarcely. Ond odid, perad- 
venture, perchance, perhaps (Gen. 
xliii. 12) 

todidog, a, rare, fine, distinguished; ex- 
cellent, splendid (mod. godidog